WorldWideScience

Sample records for alloy-ehi 397

  1. 49 CFR 397.225 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 397.225 Section 397.225... MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Preemption Procedures § 397.225 Judicial review. A party to a proceeding under § 397.205(a), § 397.213(a), or § 397.223(a) may seek review by the appropriate...

  2. 49 CFR 397.13 - Smoking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Smoking. 397.13 Section 397.13 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION...; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES General § 397.13 Smoking. No person may smoke or carry a lighted...

  3. 49 CFR 397.11 - Fires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... PARKING RULES General § 397.11 Fires. (a) A motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must not be... safely pass the fire without stopping. (b) A motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must not be... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fires. 397.11 Section 397.11 Transportation...

  4. 33 CFR 117.397 - Wabash River.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wabash River. 117.397 Section 117... OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Illinois § 117.397 Wabash River. The draws of the bridges across the Wabash River need not be opened for the passage of vessels. Indiana...

  5. 49 CFR 397.71 - Federal standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal standards. 397.71 Section 397.71... standards. (a) A State or Indian tribe shall comply with the Federal standards under paragraph (b) of this... or may not be transported. (b) The Federal standards are as follows: (1) Enhancement of public...

  6. 49 CFR 397.75 - Dispute resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dispute resolution. 397.75 Section 397.75... resolution. (a) Petition. One or more States or Indian tribes may petition the Administrator to resolve a... this subpart. (b) Filing. Each petition for dispute resolution filed under this section must: (1)...

  7. 49 CFR 397.103 - Requirements for State routing designations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... § 397.201(c), shall select routes to minimize radiological risk using “Guidelines for Selecting... equivalent routing analysis which adequately considers overall risk to the public. Designations must be... to ensure consideration of all impacts and continuity of designated routes. (b) State...

  8. 40 CFR 98.397 - Records that must be retained.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (CONTINUED) MANDATORY GREENHOUSE GAS REPORTING Suppliers of Petroleum Products § 98.397 Records that must be... of density and carbon share for any petroleum product or natural gas liquid for which CO2 emissions... gas liquids, biomass, and feedstocks, reporters shall maintain metering, guaging, and other...

  9. 14 CFR 135.397 - Small transport category airplane performance operating limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Small transport category airplane... PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Airplane Performance Operating Limitations § 135.397 Small transport category airplane performance operating limitations. (a) No person may operate a reciprocating...

  10. Association genetics in Populus reveals the interactions between Pt-miR397a and its target genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jinhui; Chen, Beibei; Yang, Xiaohui; Tian, Jiaxing; Du, Qingzhang; Zhang, Deqiang

    2015-01-01

    Recent studies have revealed associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in microRNA (miRNA) genes and diseases. However, association studies to decipher the interactions between miRNAs and their target genes remain to be conducted. Here, we investigated the association of growth and wood traits with SNPs in Pt-miR397a and its targets, in 261 individuals from a natural population of Populus tomentosa. Of the 57 SNPs identified in Pt-miR397a, three strongly affect its secondary stability, and SNPs in target sites in Pt-LAC20 and Pt-HSP40 changed the binding affinity of Pt-miR397a. Single-SNP association analysis revealed that SNPs in Pt-miR397a significantly associated with α-cellulose content and stem volume, and SNPs in target genes also associated with growth and wood-property traits. Multi-SNP association analysis with additive and dominant models found that SNPs in six potential target genes associated with at least one trait in common with Pt-miR397a, revealing a possible genetic interaction between Pt-miR397a and its targets. Furthermore, epistasis analysis revealed epistatic interactions between SNPs in Pt-miR397a and its target genes. Thus, our study indicated that SNPs in Pt-miR397a and six target genes affect wood formation and that association studies can reveal the interactions between miRNAs and their target genes. PMID:26115173

  11. β Integrins Mediate FAK Y397 Autophosphorylation of Resistance Arteries during Eutrophic Inward Remodeling in Hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Heerkens, Egidius H.J; Quinn, Lisa; Withers, Sarah B.; Heagerty, Anthony M

    2014-01-01

    Human essential hypertension is characterized by eutrophic inward remodeling of the resistance arteries with little evidence of hypertrophy. Upregulation of αVβ3 integrin is crucial during this process. In order to investigate the role of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activation in this process, the level of FAK Y397 autophosphorylation was studied in small blood vessels from young TGR(mRen2)27 animals as blood pressure rose and eutrophic inward remodeling took place. Between weeks 4 and 5, thi...

  12. A Broadband X-Ray Study of the Supernova Remnant 3C 397

    CERN Document Server

    Safi-Harb, S; Arnaud, K A; Keohane, J W; Borkowski, K J; Dyer, K K; Reynolds, S P; Hughes, J P

    2000-01-01

    We present an X-ray study of the radio bright supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 397 with ROSAT, ASCA, and RXTE. A central X-ray spot seen with the ROSAT High-Resolution Imager hints at the presence of a pulsar-powered component, and gives this SNR a composite X-ray morphology. Combined ROSAT and ASCA imaging show that the remnant is highly asymmetric, with its hard X-ray emission peaking at the western lobe. The spectrum of 3C 397 is heavily absorbed, and dominated by thermal emission with emission lines evident from Mg, Si, S, Ar and Fe. Single-component models fail to describe the spectrum, and at least two components are required. We use a set of non-equilibrium ionization (NEI) models (Borkowski et al. in preparation). The temperatures from the soft and hard components are 0.2 keV and 1.6 keV respectively. The corresponding ionization time-scales $n_0 t$ ($n_0$ being the pre-shock hydrogen density) are 6 $\\times 10^{12}$ cm$^{-3}$ s and 6 $\\times$ 10$^{10}$ cm$^{-3}$ s, respectively. The spectrum obtained with t...

  13. Diophantine 方程 x3+8=397y2的整数解%On Study of the Diophantine Equation x3 +8 =397y2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李润琪

    2015-01-01

    That the Diophantine equationx3 +8 =397y2 has only integer solution (x,y)=(-2,0)was proved with the assistance of recurrent sequence,congruence,Maple formality and some properties of the solutions to Pell equation.%利用递归序列、同余式、Maple 小程序、Pell 方程的解的性质证明了 Diophantine 方程 x3+8=397y2仅有整数解(x,y)=(-2,0)。

  14. Comparison and characterization of efficient frequency doubling at 397.5 nm with PPKTP, LBO and BiBO crystals

    CERN Document Server

    Wen, Xin; Wang, Junmin

    2016-01-01

    A continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser at 795 nm is frequency doubled in a bow-tie type enhancement four-mirror ring cavity with LiB3O5 (LBO), BiB3O6 (BiBO), and periodically polled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) crystals, respectively. The properties of 397.5 nm ultra-violet (UV) output power, beam quality, stability for these different nonlinear crystals are investigated and compared. For PPKTP crystal, the highest doubling efficiency of 58.1% is achieved from 191 mW of 795 nm mode-matched fundamental power to 111 mW of 397.5 nm UV output. For LBO crystal, with 1.34 W of mode-matched 795 nm power, 770 mW of 397.5 nm UV output is achieved, implying a doubling efficiency of 57.4%. For BiBO crystal, with 323 mW of mode-matched 795 nm power, 116 mW of 397.5 nm UV output is achieved, leading to a doubling efficiency of 35.9%. The generated UV radiation has potential applications in the fields of quantum physics

  15. The applications of VIP 397/418 bulbs in free radical white pigmented coatings: UV curing evaluation for different free radical white pigmented formulations (I)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    White pigmented coatings have gained commercial success using a Gallium doped microwave F600-V bulb. A novel VIP 397/418 bulb has been made recently, by Fusion UV Systems, to increase UV curing efficiency of white pigmented coatings. Previous research work has shown that the VIP 397/418 bulb can cure cationic white pigmented coatings 40-60% faster than a F600-V bulb. Further evaluations of free radical white pigmented coatings have produced significant data indicating that better physical properties (40-50%) or higher cure speeds (50%) can be obtained by using the VIP 397/418 bulb than a F600-V bulb

  16. Comparison and characterization of efficient frequency doubling at 397.5 nm with PPKTP, LBO and BiBO crystals

    OpenAIRE

    WEN, Xin; Han, Yashuai; Wang, Junmin

    2016-01-01

    A continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser at 795 nm is frequency doubled in a bow-tie type enhancement four-mirror ring cavity with LiB3O5 (LBO), BiB3O6 (BiBO), and periodically polled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) crystals, respectively. The properties of 397.5 nm ultra-violet (UV) output power, beam quality, stability for these different nonlinear crystals are investigated and compared. For PPKTP crystal, the highest doubling efficiency of 58.1% is achieved from 191 mW of 795 nm mode-matched fundamental power ...

  17. Multifrequency Studies of Bright Radio Supernova Remnants. III. X-Ray and Radio Observations of 3C 397

    OpenAIRE

    Dyer, K. K.; Reynolds, S. P.

    1999-01-01

    Radio-bright, presumably young supernova remnants offer the opportunity of studying strong-shock physics and the nature of the interaction of ejected material with the surrounding medium. We use VLA and ROSAT images of the radio-bright supernova remnant 3C 397 (G41.1--0.3) to examine the shock structure in both thermal X-ray emission and nonthermal radio emission. The unusual rectangular morphology can be seen in VLA maps at 20 and 6 cm wavelength at a resolution of 6", and in ROSAT HRI image...

  18. Safety Evaluation Report related to the operation of WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2 (Docket No. 50-397)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report, Supplement No. 5 to the Safety Evaluation Report (SSER 5) on the Washington Public Power Supply System application for a license to operate WNP-2 (Docket No. 50-397), located in Benton County, Washington, approximately 12 miles north of Richland, Washington, has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This supplement reports the status of certain items that had not been resolved at the time of publication of the Safety Evaluation Report and Supplements No. 1, 2, 3, and 4

  19. Multifrequency Studies of Bright Radio Supernova Remnants; 3, X-Ray and Radio Observations of 3C 397

    CERN Document Server

    Dyer, K K

    1999-01-01

    Radio-bright, presumably young supernova remnants offer the opportunity of studying strong-shock physics and the nature of the interaction of ejected material with the surrounding medium. We use VLA and ROSAT images of the radio-bright supernova remnant 3C 397 (G41.1--0.3) to examine the shock structure in both thermal X-ray emission and nonthermal radio emission. The unusual rectangular morphology can be seen in VLA maps at 20 and 6 cm wavelength at a resolution of 6", and in ROSAT HRI images. The X-ray images resemble the radio strongly, except for a small, possibly un resolved X-ray hot spot near the center. There is no variation in the X-ray hardness ratio from ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter data across the remnant, suggesting that at least between 0.4 and 2 keV, the interior emission is not different in character from that in the bright shell regions. Thus 3C 397 is not a member of the ``thermal composite'' or ``mixed-morphology'' class (Rho 1998). The remnant is unpolarized at 20 cm, and ...

  20. Screening of 397 chemicals and development of a quantitative structure-activity relationship model for androgen receptor antagonism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinggaard, Annemarie; Niemelä, Jay Russell; Wedebye, Eva Bay;

    2008-01-01

    We have screened 397 chemicals for human androgen receptor (AR) antagonism by a sensitive reporter gene assay to generate data for the development of a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model. A total of 523 chemicals comprising data on 292 chemicals from our laboratory and data...... on 231 chemicals from the literature constituted the training set for the model. The chemicals were selected with the purpose of representing a wide range of chemical structures (e.g., organochlorines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and various functions (e.g., natural hormones, pesticides......, plastizicers, plastic additives, brominated flame retardants, and roast mutagens). In addition, the intention was to obtain an equal number of positive and negative chemicals. Among our own data for the training set, 45.7% exhibited inhibitory activity against the transcriptional activity induced...

  1. 毛竹miR397和miR1432的克隆及其逆境胁迫响应表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽丽; 赵韩生; 孙化雨; 董丽莉; 娄永峰; 高志民

    2015-01-01

    Objective]Stress is one of the main factors affecting growth,development and formation of biological production and quality of plant. As non-coding genes,miRNAs play important roles in regulating plant growth and the processes of stress resistance. To reveal the function of miR397 and miR1432 in bamboo and provide a basis for molecular design of bamboo resilience breeding in future,the structural features of miR397 and miR1432 precursor sequences from Phyllostachys edulis were analyzed,the tissue-specific expression analysis as well as the expression changes of miR397 and miR1432 under abiotic stresses of drought,temperature,light,NaCl and hormone treatment were carried out.[Method]The precursor sequences of miR397 and miR1432 of P. edulis were isolated using stem-loop primer method and RT-PCR technology,online platform Web LOGO was used for the conservation analysis of mature miRNA. MEGA 6. 0 software was used for the construction of phylogenetic tree with miRNA precursor sequences. The secondary structure of the two precursors was predicted with the online platform RNAfold WebServer. The sequences of 1500 bp upstream of the precursor of phe-miR397 and phe-miR1432 were direct-downloaded respectively from BambooGDB and acting elements analysis was performed using online platform Plant CARE. Real-time quantitative PCR method was used for the tissue-specific expression analysis of phe-miR397 and phe-miR1432 in bamboo roots, stems, leaves and sheaths, and the expression changes in bamboo leaf after 2 h treatments of darkness,high light intensity ( 1 500 μmol·m -2 s -1 ) ,high temperature (42 ℃) ,low temperature ( 4 ℃) ,NaCl ( 250 mmol·L -1 ) ,GA3 solution ( 100 μmol·L -1 ) and ABA solution (100 μmol·L -1 ) respectively.[Result]The isolated precursor sequences of phe-miR397 and phe-miR1432 were all 88 bp,containing 21 bp mature sequences correspondingly. The precursors of phe-miR397 and phe-miR1432 could fold into stable stem-loop structure,and the mature

  2. 毛竹miR397和miR1432的克隆及其逆境胁迫响应表达分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽丽; 赵韩生; 孙化雨; 董丽莉; 娄永峰; 高志民

    2015-01-01

    【目的】miRNA作为一种非编码基因在植物生长发育以及抗逆等过程中起着重要的调控作用。通过分析毛竹 miR397和 miR1432前体序列的结构特点,研究其组织表达特异性,分析其经光照、温度、干旱、NaCl等非生物胁迫以及激素处理后的表达变化,以期为进一步揭示其功能以及未来竹子抗逆育种的分子设计提供参考。【方法】通过茎环引物法和 RT-PCR技术,以毛竹为材料分离 miR397和 miR1432的前体序列,利用在线平台 Web LOGO分析 miRNA成熟序列的碱基保守性,用 MEGA 6.0软件构建基于 miRNA 前体的系统进化树。借助在线平台 RNAfold WebServer预测二者前体二级结构。直接从 BambooGDB下载 phe-miR397和 phe-miR1432前体上游的1500 bp序列,利用在线平台 Plant CARE 分析其所含作用元件。采用实时定量 PCR 方法分析 phe-miR397和 phe-miR1432在毛竹根、茎、叶和鞘中的表达情况,以及检测经黑暗、强光(1500μmol·m -2 s -1)、高温(42℃)、低温(4℃)、NaCl(250 mmol·L -1)、GA3溶液(100μmol·L -1)、ABA溶液(100μmol·L -1)处理2 h后毛竹叶片中 phe-miR397和 phe-miR1432的表达变化。【结果】从毛竹中分别克隆出 miR397和 miR1432的前体序列,均为88 bp,且分别包含其成熟序列,均为21 bp。前体序列均能形成稳定的茎环结构,且成熟序列均产生于前体茎环结构5'端臂上。miR1432家族成熟序列的碱基保守性整体高于 miR397家族。毛竹二者前体上游调控区均含有启动子基本作用元件,如 TATA-box,CAAT-box;同时存在很多逆境(光、干旱、温度等)胁迫相关响应元件以及激素响应元件等,意味着 phe-miR397和 phe-miR1432可能受到逆境胁迫和激素的调节。phe-miR397和phe-miR1432均在叶鞘中表达丰度最高,最低丰度 phe-miR397出现在幼茎中,而 phe-miR1432则在叶片中。经强光、黑暗、高温、低温、Na

  3. Comparison and characterization of efficient frequency doubling at 397.5 nm with PPKTP, LBO and BiBO crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Xin; Han, Yashuai; Wang, Junmin

    2016-04-01

    A continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser at 795 nm is frequency doubled in a bow-tie type enhancement four-mirror ring cavity with LiB3O5 (LBO), BiB3O6 (BiBO), and periodically polled KTiOPO4 (PPKTP) crystals, respectively. The properties of 397.5 nm ultra-violet (UV) output power, beam quality, stability for these different nonlinear crystals are investigated and compared. For PPKTP crystal, the highest doubling efficiency of 58.1% is achieved from 191 mW of 795 nm mode-matched fundamental power to 111 mW of 397.5 nm UV output. For LBO crystal, with 1.34 W of mode-matched 795 nm power, 770 mW of 397.5 nm UV output is achieved, implying a doubling efficiency of 57.4%. For BiBO crystal, with 323 mW of mode-matched 795 nm power, 116 mW of 397.5 nm UV output is achieved, leading to a doubling efficiency of 35.9%. The generated UV radiation has potential applications in the fields of quantum physics.

  4. Optical and infrared observations of the TypeIIP SN2002hh from days 3 to 397

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pozzo, M.; Meikle, W. P. S.; Rayner, J. T.; Joseph, R. D.; Filippenko, A. V.; Foley, R. J.; Li, W.; Mattila, S.; Sollerman, J.

    2006-05-01

    We present optical and infrared (IR) observations of the TypeII SN2002hh from 3 to 397d after explosion. The optical spectroscopic (4-397d) and photometric (3-278d) data are complemented by spectroscopic (137-381d) and photometric (137-314d) data acquired at IR wavelengths. This is the first time L-band spectra have ever been successfully obtained for a supernova (SN) at a distance beyond the Local Group. The VRI light curves in the first 40d reveal SN2002hh to be an SNIIP (plateau) - the most common of all core-collapse SNe. SN2002hh is one of the most highly extinguished SNe ever investigated. To provide a match between its early-time spectrum and a coeval spectrum of the TypeIIP SN1999em, as well as maintaining consistency with KI interstellar absorption, we invoke a two-component extinction model. One component is due to the combined effect of the interstellar medium (ISM) of our Milky Way Galaxy and the SN host galaxy, while the other component is due to a `dust pocket' where the grains have a mean size smaller than in the ISM. The early-time optical light curves of SNe1999em and 2002hh are generally well matched, as are the radioactive tails of these two SNe and SN1987A. The late-time similarity of the SN2002hh optical light curves to those of SN1987A, together with measurements of the optical/IR luminosity and [FeII]1.257μm emission indicate that 0.07 +/- 0.02Msolar of 56Ni was ejected by SN2002hh. However, during the nebular phase the HKL' luminosities of SN2002hh exhibit a growing excess with respect to those of SN1987A. We attribute much of this excess to an IR-echo from a pre-existing, dusty circumstellar medium. Based on an IR-echo interpretation of the near-IR (NIR) excess, we deduce that the progenitor of SN2002hh underwent recent mass-loss of ~0.3Msolar. A detailed comparison of the late-time optical and NIR spectra of SNe1987A and 2002hh is presented. While the overall impression is one of similarity between the spectra of the two events, there are

  5. Relationship between carbon catabolite repression and the biosynthesis regulation of the prolidase PepQ from Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus CNRZ 397

    OpenAIRE

    Lamarque, Mauld; Morel, Fabienne; Bissardon, Isabelle; Galinier, Anne; Portalier, Raymond; Atlan, Danièle

    2001-01-01

    International audience Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus CNRZ 397 (L. bulgaricus) displays several enzymes specific of proline-containing peptides. We focused on the prolidase PepQ which specifically cleaves X-Pro dipeptides. PepQ biosynthesis was previously shown to be independent of the peptide concentration of the culture medium in contrast to the cell surface proteinase PrtB and several aminopeptidases. Regulation of PepQ biosynthesis can be explained by the genetic organizatio...

  6. Measurement of Charm Production Cross Sections in e^+e^- Annihilation at Energies between 3.97 and 4.26 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Cronin-Hennessy, D; Hietala, J; Kubota, Y; Klein, T; Lang, B W; Poling, R; Scott, A W; Zweber, P; Dobbs, S; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A G; Libby, J; Powell, A; Wilkinson, G; Ecklund, K M; Love, W; Savinov, V; López, A; Méndez, H; Ramírez, J; Ge, J Y; Miller, D H; Shipsey, I P J; Xin, B; Adams, G S; Anderson, M; Cummings, J P; Danko, I; Hu, D; Moziak, B; Napolitano, J; He, Q; Insler, J; Muramatsu, H; Park, C S; Thorndike, E H; Yang, F; Artuso, M; Blusk, S; Khalil, S; Li, J; Mountain, R; Nisar, S; Randrianarivony, K; Sultana, N; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Zhang, L M; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Dubrovin, M; Lincoln, A; Rademacker, J; Asner, D M; Edwards, K W; Naik, P; Reed, J; Briere, R A; Ferguson, T; Tatishvili, G; Vogel, H; Watkins, M E; Rosner, J L; Alexander, J P; Cassel, D G; Duboscq, J E; Ehrlich, R; Fields, L; Gibbons, L; Gray, R; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hertz, D; Jones, C D; Kandaswamy, J; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Mahlke-Krüger, H; Mohapatra, D; Onyisi, P U E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Ryd, A; Sadoff, A J; Shi, X; Stroiney, S; Sun, W M; Wilksen, T; Athar, S B; Patel, R; Yelton, J; Rubin, P; Eisenstein, B I; Karliner, I; Mehrabyan, S; Lowrey, N; Selen, M; White, E J; Wiss, J; Mitchell, R E; Shepherd, M R; Besson, D; Pedlar, T K

    2008-01-01

    Using the CLEO-c detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring, we have measured inclusive and exclusive cross sections for the production of D+, D0 and Ds+ mesons in e+e- annihilations at thirteen center-of-mass energies between 3.97 and 4.26 GeV. Exclusive cross sections are presented for final states consisting of two charm mesons (DD, D*D, D*D*, Ds+Ds-, Ds*+Ds-, and Ds*+Ds*-) and for processes in which the charm-meson pair is accompanied by a pion. No enhancement in any final state is observed at the energy of the Y(4260).

  7. A CHANDRASEKHAR MASS PROGENITOR FOR THE TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA REMNANT 3C 397 FROM THE ENHANCED ABUNDANCES OF NICKEL AND MANGANESE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamaguchi, Hiroya; Williams, Brian J.; Petre, Robert [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Badenes, Carles [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Pittsburgh Particle Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology Center (PITT PACC), University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Foster, Adam R.; Brickhouse, Nancy S. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bravo, Eduardo [E.T.S. Arquitectura del Vallès, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Carrer Pere Serra 1-15, E-08173 Sant Cugat del Vallès (Spain); Maeda, Keiichi [Department of Astronomy, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Nobukawa, Masayoshi; Koyama, Katsuji [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-oiwake-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Eriksen, Kristoffer A., E-mail: hiroya.yamaguchi@nasa.gov [Theoretical Design Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2015-03-10

    Despite decades of intense efforts, many fundamental aspects of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) remain elusive. One of the major open questions is whether the mass of an exploding white dwarf (WD) is close to the Chandrasekhar limit. Here, we report the detection of strong K-shell emission from stable Fe-peak elements in the Suzaku X-ray spectrum of the Type Ia supernova remnant (SNR) 3C 397. The high Ni/Fe and Mn/Fe mass ratios (0.11–0.24 and 0.018–0.033, respectively) in the hot plasma component that dominates the K-shell emission lines indicate a degree of neutronization in the supernova ejecta that can only be achieved by electron capture in the dense cores of exploding WDs with a near-Chandrasekhar mass. This suggests a single-degenerate origin for 3C 397, since Chandrasekhar mass progenitors are expected naturally if the WD accretes mass slowly from a companion. Together with other results supporting the double-degenerate scenario, our work adds to the mounting evidence that both progenitor channels make a significant contribution to the SN Ia rate in star-forming galaxies.

  8. Cavity-enhanced frequency doubling from 795nm to 397.5nm ultra-violet coherent radiation with PPKTP crystals in the low pump power regime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, Xin; Han, Yashuai; Bai, Jiandong; He, Jun; Wang, Yanhua; Yang, Baodong; Wang, Junmin

    2014-12-29

    We demonstrate a simple, compact and cost-efficient diode laser pumped frequency doubling system at 795 nm in the low power regime. In two configurations, a bow-tie four-mirror ring enhancement cavity with a PPKTP crystal inside and a semi-monolithic PPKTP enhancement cavity, we obtain 397.5nm ultra-violet coherent radiation of 35mW and 47mW respectively with a mode-matched fundamental power of about 110mW, corresponding to a conversion efficiency of 32% and 41%. The low loss semi-monolithic cavity leads to the better results. The constructed ultra-violet coherent radiation has good power stability and beam quality, and the system has huge potential in quantum optics and cold atom physics. PMID:25607194

  9. Non-s-wave behavior of c-axis aligned Pr1.85Ce0.15CuO3.97 superconducting powder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The tetragonal c-axis alignment of Tc=23K Pr1.85Ce0.15CuO3.97 superconducting powder was achieved in a 1 T alignment field with rotating powder/epoxy holder perpendicular to the alignment field. The in-plane penetration depth λab for this electron-doped superconductor was derived using zero-field-cooled Meissner diamagnetic data with low applied field (Bac1ab) parallel to the c-axis aligned powder. A small Pr paramagnetic contribution was subtracted. The temperature dependence of Δλab(T)=λab(T)-λab(0) [with λab(0)∼133nm] up to ∼0.5 Tc can be fitted well with a non-s-wave or d-wave-like power law Δλab(T)=AT2+CT4, where the T2 law is dominated at low temperature. The present result agrees with recent phase-sensitive experiment, which indicates d-wave nature for these electron-doped 214 cuprates. [copyright] 2001 American Institute of Physics

  10. Fusion evaporation-residue cross sections for sup 28 Si+ sup 40 Ca at E ( sup 28 Si)=309, 397, and 452 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vineyard, M.F.; Bauer, J.S.; Crum, J.F.; Gosdin, C.H.; Trotter, R.S. (Department of Physics, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia 23173 (United States)); Kovar, D.G.; Beck, C.; Henderson, D.J.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Wilkins, B.D. (Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)); Maguire, C.F. (Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States)); Mateja, J.F. (Division of Educational Programs, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)); Prosser, F.W. (Department of Physics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (United States)); Stephans, G.S.F. (Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States))

    1992-04-01

    Velocity distributions of mass-identified evaporation residues produced in the {sup 28}Si+{sup 40}Ca reaction have been measured at bombarding energies of 309, 397, and 452 MeV using time-of-flight techniques. These distributions were used to identify evaporation residues and to separate the complete-fusion and incomplete-fusion components. Angular distributions and upper limits for the total evaporation-residue and complete-fusion evaporation-residue cross sections were extracted at all three bombarding energies. The complete-fusion evaporation-residue cross sections and the deduced critical angular momenta are compared with earlier measurements and the predictions of existing models. The ratios of the complete-fusion evaporation-residue cross section to the total evaporation-residue cross section, along with those measured for the {sup 28}Si+{sup 12}C and {sup 28}Si+{sup 28}Si systems at the same energies, support the entrance-channel mass-asymmetry dependence of the incomplete-fusion evaporation-residue process reported earlier.

  11. Screening for Co-Morbidity in 65,397 Obese Pediatric Patients from Germany, Austria and Switzerland: Adherence to Guidelines Improved from the Year 2000 to 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marion Flechtner-Mors

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the study was to analyze the adherence to current guidelines for co-morbidity screening in overweight and obese pediatric patients participating in the Adipositas-Patienten-Verlaufsdokumentation (APV initiative in three German-speaking countries. Methods: APV database: 181 centers from Germany, Austria and Switzerland, specialized in obesity care, contributed standardized, anonymous data of medical examinations from 65,397 patients performed between 2000 and 2010. Completeness of screening for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and impaired glucose metabolism was analyzed using adjusted means. Results: Mean age of the cohort was 12.5 ± 2.9 years and 46.5% were male. 17.3% were overweight (>90th-97th percentile, 45.1% obese (>97th-99.5th percentile, and 37.7% extremely obese (>99.5th percentile. In 2000, blood pressure was documented for 55.1% of patients, increasing to 88.7% in 2010. The rate of lipid diagnostics also improved from 45.0 to 67.7%, and screening for diabetes rose from 32.7 to 62.3% in the same time period. Blood pressure measurements were performed more often during inpatient care (88.5% compared to outpatient programs (77.5%. Screening was more complete with increasing age and increasing degree of obesity. In boys screening rate was higher than in girls. Conclusion: During the 11-year period, screening for co-morbidity improved significantly in overweight or obese children and adolescents. However, adherence to guidelines is still insufficient in some institutions. Quality control based on benchmarking may improve obesity care and outcome.

  12. Characterization of the shape memory properties of a Ni{sub 45.3}Ti{sub 39.7}Hf{sub 10}Pd{sub 5} alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Acar, E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Karaca, H.E., E-mail: karaca@engr.uky.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Tobe, H. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 (United States); Noebe, R.D. [NASA Glenn Research Center, Structures and Materials Division, Cleveland, OH 44135 (United States); Chumlyakov, Y.I. [Siberian Physical-Technical Institute at Tomsk State University, Tomsk 634050 (Russian Federation)

    2013-11-25

    Highlights: •Ni{sub 45.3}Ti{sub 39.7}Hf{sub 10}Pd{sub 5} alloys have transformation strain of up to 4.6% and work output of up to 29 J cm{sup −3}. •The alloy showed good superelastic behavior at 90 °C with recoverable strain of 4.3%. •The alloy exhibited 1.6% two-way shape memory strain after a simple training procedure. •The formation of 〈0 1 1〉 type II twins in martensite plates results in large transformation strain. -- Abstract: The load-biased shape memory and superelastic responses of a Ni{sub 45.3}Ti{sub 39.7}Hf{sub 10}Pd{sub 5} polycrystalline alloy were investigated in compression. Transformation strain of up to 4.6% and work output of up to 29 J cm{sup −3} were determined from load-biased thermal cycling experiments. The alloy showed good superelastic behavior at 90 {sup o}C with recoverable strain of over 4%. It was also determined that the Ni{sub 45.3}Ti{sub 39.7}Hf{sub 10}Pd{sub 5} alloy could develop two-way shape memory strain of 1.6% without an intense training process. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed that the internal twins formed in the martensite variants were 〈0 1 1〉 type II twins.

  13. Prevalence of ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms in Brazilian breast cancer-unaffected women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polymorphisms of hormone receptor genes have been linked to modifications in reproductive factors and to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC). In the present study, we have determined the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms and investigated their relationship with mammographic density, body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors for BC. A consecutive and unselected sample of 750 Brazilian BC-unaffected women enrolled in a mammography screening program was recruited. The distribution of PGR PROGINS genotypic frequencies was 72.5, 25.5 and 2.0% for A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2, respectively, which was equivalent to that encountered in other studies with healthy women. The distribution of ERα genotypes was: ERα-397 PvuII C/T: 32.3% TT, 47.5% TC, and 20.2% CC; ERα-351 XbaI A/G: 46.3% AA, 41.7% AG and 12.0% GG. ERα haplotypes were 53.5% PX, 14.3% Px, 0.3% pX, and 32.0% px. These were significantly different from most previously published reports worldwide (P < 0.05). Overall, the PGR PROGINS genotypes A2A2 and A1A2 were associated with fatty and moderately fatty breast tissue. The same genotypes were also associated with a high BMI in postmenopausal women. In addition, the ERα-351 XbaI GG genotype was associated with menarche ≥12 years (P = 0.02). ERα and PGR polymorphisms have a phenotypic effect and may play an important role in BC risk determination. Finally, if confirmed in BC patients, these associations could have important implications for mammographic screening and strategies and may be helpful to identify women at higher risk for the disease

  14. Prevalence of ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms in Brazilian breast cancer-unaffected women

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giacomazzi, J.; Aguiar, E. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Palmero, E.I. [International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon (France); Schmidt, A.V. [Departamento de Estatística, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Skonieski, G.; Filho, D.D. [Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Bock, H. [Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Saraiva-Pereira, M.L. [Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biologia Celular e Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Bioquímica, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Ewald, I.P. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Schuler-Faccini, L. [Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Camey, S.A. [Departamento de Estatística, Instituto de Matemática, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Caleffi, M. [Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Giugliani, R. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Laboratório de Identificação Genética, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Ashton-Prolla, P. [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina: Ciências Médicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Laboratório de Medicina Genômica, Centro de Pesquisa Experimental, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Núcleo Mama Porto Alegre, Associação Hospitalar Moinhos de Vento, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Serviço de Genética Médica, HCPA, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (BR); Departamento de Genética, UFRGS, Porto Alegre, RS (BR)

    2012-05-18

    Polymorphisms of hormone receptor genes have been linked to modifications in reproductive factors and to an increased risk of breast cancer (BC). In the present study, we have determined the allelic and genotypic frequencies of the ERα-397 PvuII C/T, ERα-351 XbaI A/G and PGR PROGINS polymorphisms and investigated their relationship with mammographic density, body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors for BC. A consecutive and unselected sample of 750 Brazilian BC-unaffected women enrolled in a mammography screening program was recruited. The distribution of PGR PROGINS genotypic frequencies was 72.5, 25.5 and 2.0% for A1A1, A1A2 and A2A2, respectively, which was equivalent to that encountered in other studies with healthy women. The distribution of ERα genotypes was: ERα-397 PvuII C/T: 32.3% TT, 47.5% TC, and 20.2% CC; ERα-351 XbaI A/G: 46.3% AA, 41.7% AG and 12.0% GG. ERα haplotypes were 53.5% PX, 14.3% Px, 0.3% pX, and 32.0% px. These were significantly different from most previously published reports worldwide (P < 0.05). Overall, the PGR PROGINS genotypes A2A2 and A1A2 were associated with fatty and moderately fatty breast tissue. The same genotypes were also associated with a high BMI in postmenopausal women. In addition, the ERα-351 XbaI GG genotype was associated with menarche ≥12 years (P = 0.02). ERα and PGR polymorphisms have a phenotypic effect and may play an important role in BC risk determination. Finally, if confirmed in BC patients, these associations could have important implications for mammographic screening and strategies and may be helpful to identify women at higher risk for the disease.

  15. US House of Representatives resolution 397

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    USA Kongressi Esindajatekoja Eesti teemaline resolutsioon, milles väljendatakse solidaarsust Eestiga ning mõistetakse hukka märatsejate vägivald Tallinnas ning rünnakud Eesti saatkonna vastu Moskvas

  16. BDML Metadata: 397 [SSBD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ZF_PJK BDML file for reconstruction of the zebrafish animal hemisphere (B) reconstruction of the zebrafish... animal hemisphere (B) zebrafish nuclear positions zebrafish_animal_b.mat Measurement... 1 (micrometer), 90 (second) http://ssbd.qbic.riken.jp/data/bdml/ZF_PJK/zebrafish_animal_b.bdml0.18.zip http

  17. Investigation on the dietary nutrition of 3 397 Uighur pregnant women in Kashi city%新疆喀什地区3397例维吾尔族孕妇营养状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吐尔逊江·买买提明; 袁帅; 于立博; 王明霞; 王晓军; 王艳萍; 孙春梅; 阿依加玛丽·王; 马晶

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To understand the nutritional status of Uyghur pregnant women in Kashi city ,pro-vide a basis for carrying out nutritional health education inminority regions and promting the development of bearing and rearing better children of Uyghur nationality in Xinjiang .Methods A custer sampling method was used to select 3 397 Uyghur pregnant women from Duolaitibage ,Hanhan township and Xia-malibage town for the method of 3 consecutive days of 24-hour dietary survey .Results Among the first trimester Uyghur pregnant women′s daily nutrients investigated ,the daily intakes of phosphorus ,vitamin A and vitamin E were 185 .35% ,185 .52% and 297 .00% of the DRIs ,the daily intakes of calcium ,vitamin B1 ,vitamin B2 were58 .53% ,73 .10% ,58 .82% of the DRIs ,the daily intakes of iodine and folic acid were just 45 .20% and 18 .39% of the DRIs ;Among the progestin in late Uyghur pregnant women′s daily nutri-ents investigated ,the daily intakes of psphorus and vitamin E were 217 .00% and 222 .36% of the DRIs , the daily intakes of calcium ,iron ,vitamin B2 were 62 .30% ,72 .29% ,67 .60% of the DRIs ,the daily in-takes of iodine and folic acid were just 52 .69% and 20 .65% of the DRIs .Three heat nutrients heat ratio of early pregnancy and in women with advanced was reasonable .Conclusion The dietary structure of Uy-ghur pregnant women surveyed is irrational ,including the higher intake of psphorus and vitamin E ,but the Insufficient intake of calcium ,iron ,vitamin B2 ,especially serious shortage of iodine and folic acid .%目的了解新疆喀什地区维吾尔族孕妇营养状况,为少数民族地区进行营养健康教育和促进新疆维吾尔族孕妇优生优育事业的发展提供依据。方法采用整群抽样的方法抽取喀什市多来提巴格乡、浩罕乡、夏马力巴格镇以及夏马力巴格乡3397例维吾尔族孕妇,对其膳食结构和各营养素摄入量进行连续3 d的24 h膳食调查,并与中国营养学会2000年制定

  18. ACOG committee opinion number 397, February 2008: surrogate motherhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    Ethical responsibilities are described for obstetrician-gynecologists who choose to participate in surrogacy arrangements by 1) advising couples who are considering surrogacy, 2) counseling potential surrogate mothers, 3) providing obstetric services for pregnant women participating in surrogacy, or 4) offering assisted reproductive technologies related to surrogacy. Although the obligations of physicians will vary depending on the type and level of their involvement, in all cases physicians should carefully examine all relevant issues related to surrogacy, including medical, ethical, legal, and psychologic aspects. PMID:18238989

  19. Aeronautical Engineering: A Continuing Bibliography with Indexes. Supplement 397

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    This report lists reports, articles and other documents recently announced in the NASA STI Database. The coverage includes documents on the engineering and theoretical aspects of design, construction, evaluation, testing, operation, and performance of aircraft (including aircraft engines) and associated components, equipment, and systems. It also includes research and development in aerodynamics, aeronautics, and ground support equipment for aeronautical vehicles. Each entry in the publication consists of a standard bibliographic citation accompanied, in most cases, by an abstract.

  20. OC397L01: WHOI cruise 397 leg 01 aboard the R/V Oceanus from 2003-12-08 - 2003-12-16 (NODC Accession 0054899)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Post-cruise download of raw data from shipboard computer(s) as furnished by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Shipboard Scientific Support Group and archived...

  1. WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2: Final environmental statement (DOCKET No. 50-397)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proposed action is the issuance of an operating license to the Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS) for the startup and operation of the Washington Nuclear Project Number 2 (WNP-2) located on the Columbia River in Benton County, about 19 km (12 mi) north of Richland, Washington. The facility will employ a boiling water reactor to produce 3323 megawatts thermal (MWt). A steam turbine-generator will use this heat to provide a nominal gross electrical output of 1150 megawatts (MWe). The exhaust steam will be condensed by cooled water from six circular mechanical-draft cooling towers with water taken from and returned to the Columbia River. The information in this statement represents the second assessment of the environmental impact associated with the WNP-2 pursuant to the guidelines of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) and 10 CRF Part 51 of the Commission's Regulations. After receiving an application to construct this plant, the staff carried out a review of impacts that would occur during its construction and operation. That evaluation was issued as a Final Environmental Statement (construction phase). The construction of Unit 2 about 86% complete. The staff estimated a fuel-loading date of September 1983. In March 1977, the applicant applied for an operating license for the unit and submitted the required safety and environmental reports in support of the application. 20 figs., 19 tabs

  2. SU-E-T-397: Include Organ Deformation Into Dose Calculation of Prostate Brachytherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shao, Y; Shen, D; Chen, R; Wang, A; Lian, J [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Prostate brachytherapy is an important curative treatment for patients with localized prostate cancer. In brachytherapy, rectal balloon is generally needed to adjust for unfavorable prostate position for seed placement. However, rectal balloon causes prostate deformation, which is not accounted for in dosimetric planning. Therefore, it is possible that brachytherapy dosimetry deviates significantly from initial plan when prostate returns to its non-deformed state (after procedure). The goal of this study is to develop a method to include prostate deformation into the treatment planning of brachytherapy dosimetry. Methods: We prospectively collected ultrasound images of prostate pre- and post- rectal balloon inflation from thirty five consecutive patients undergoing I-125 brachytherapy. Based on the cylinder coordinate systems, we learned the initial coordinate transformation parameters between the manual segmentations of both deformed and non-deformed prostates of each patient in training set. With the nearest-neighbor interpolation, we searched the best transformation between two coordinate systems to maximum the mutual information of deformed and non-deformed images. We then mapped the implanted seeds of five selected patients from the deformed prostate into non-deformed prostate. The seed position is marked on original pre-inflation US image and it is imported into VariSeed software for dose calculation. Results: The accuracy of image registration is 87.5% as quantified by Dice Index. The prostate coverage V100% dropped from 96.5±0.5% of prostate deformed plan to 91.9±2.6% (p<0.05) of non-deformed plan. The rectum V100% decreased from 0.44±0.26 cc to 0.10±0.18 cc (p<0.05). The dosimetry of the urethra showed mild change but not significant: V150% changed from 0.05±0.10 cc to 0.14±0.15 cc (p>0.05) and D1% changed from 212.9±37.3 Gy to 248.4±42.8 Gy (p>0.05). Conclusion: We have developed a deformable image registration method that allows dosimetry calculation in the non-deformed prostate – which may be used to more accurately reflect “true” dosimetry during planning.

  3. 76 FR 397 - iShares Trust, et al.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-04

    ... Deposit Securities and Redemption Securities will consist of a pro rata basket of the Fund's portfolio.\\11... Securities or Redemption Securities and a true pro rata slice of a Fund's portfolio solely when (A) it...

  4. 7 CFR 1755.397 - RUS performance specification for line concentrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... reference was approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552 (a) and 1 CFR... Electrical Purposes. (ii) (5) Bell Communications Research (Bellcore) standards are available from Bellcore...) Battery noise. Noise across the remote terminal battery at power panel distribution bus terminals...

  5. 49 CFR 397.3 - State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false State and local laws, ordinances, and regulations... laws, ordinances, and regulations. Every motor vehicle containing hazardous materials must be driven and parked in compliance with the laws, ordinances, and regulations of the jurisdiction in which it...

  6. Technical specifications WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2 (Docket No. 50-397). Appendix A to License No. NPF-21

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The WPPSS Nucelar Project No. 2 Technical Specifications were prepared by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to set forth the limits, operating conditions, and other requirements applicable to a nuclear reactor facility as set forth in Section 50.36 of 10 CFR Part 50 for the protection of the health and safety of the public

  7. Leucocyte Telomere Length and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in a Cohort of 1,397 Danish Men and Women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellehoj, Hanne; Bendix, Laila; Osler, Merete

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Short leucocyte telomere length (LTL) might be a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The present study examines the relation between LTL and incident fatal or non-fatal CVD, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke in a Danish cohort followed for 29 years. METHODS: In total...

  8. Community College Partnerships for Student and Career Success: Program Profile of "Carreras en Salud." Fact Sheet #C397

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrici, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Postsecondary students with children often need an array of supports to succeed in their studies, which can require significant coordination among new and existing services (Conway, Blair, and Helmer 2012; Henrici n.d.; Miller, Gault, and Thorman 2011). Such supports might include financial aid, academic and career counseling, job placement…

  9. Comment on Consensus formation on a simplicial complex of opinions (arXiv:1212.1940, Physica A, Vol. 397, pp 111_1201 2014)

    CERN Document Server

    Berec, Vesna

    2014-01-01

    In the commented paper [arXiv:1212.1940], the authors declare an analogy with quantum mechanical pure states established through the application of the high-dimensional combinatorial Laplacian considering that the simplicial complex is in pure state when it is formed by the collection of pure states. In their work, besides giving a completely erroneous analogy for pure quantum mechanical state, which contradicts to very basic postulates of quantum mechanic, the authors clearly fail to provide and explain mathematical formalism behind their claims. Their goal is to rigorously prove that the existence of opinion space in all considered cases consists of pure states using incorrect normalization constant which does not produce trace equal to one. In this comment we prove out that their claims are erroneous. In order to show incorrectness of Maletic & Rajkovic model and conclusions we calculated and examined connections between different combinatorial structures of n dimensional simplicial complexes and their...

  10. Safety evaluation report related to the operation of WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2. Docket No. 50-397, Washington Public Power Supply System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Information is presented concerning site characteristics; design criteria for structures, systems, and components; engineered safety features; instrumentation and control; auxiliary systems; conduct of operations; and financial qualifications

  11. Contents & Abstracts(Monthly, Startedin 1960) ISSN 1001-1560 Feb. 2012 Vol.45 No.2 Serial N0.397

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Mlcrostructure and HighTemperature Wear Resistance of Laser Claddln8 Nickel-Based Alloy Coating;Corrosion. Preventlon Performance of 0rganic ComposiCe Coatings on AZ91D Mawaeslum Alloy;Kinetics Model of Comprely Accelerated Aging of Organle Protective Coatings

  12. HIN4/397: Designing the Web- and Fax-based Consultancy and Information Service "EcgConsult" for Clinicians Dealing with ECG Diagnostics and Rhythmologic Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elsner, C; Hindricks, G; Kottkamp, H

    1999-01-01

    Introduction Modern strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arhythmias include besides non-invasive methods an increasing variety of invasive and curative therapeutic strategies. In order to define proper rhythmologic diagnosis and to develop an optimal treatment strategy for individual patients, a high degree of rhythmologic expertise is necessary. Adequate platforms for information exchange, where physicians can meet rhythmologic experts to allow proper handling of individual rhythmologic problems are desirable. Thus, the Heart Center Leipzig develops the Web- and Fax-based consultancy and information service "EcgConsult". Methods The service utilizes the network capabilities of the Internet and of the common telecommunication network. This way information input can be achieved either by using a browser/email-client or by using a fax machine. All input from both networks is collected on a centralised mail-server (SSL-POP3 protocol). User interaction on the Web site is achieved with dynamic HTML and a moderated List-Server. The List-Server and an additional discussion area on the Web site are moderated by the Consultants at the Heart Center Leipzig, adequate processing of the site-content and technical management of the site have been outsourced to the university Internet workgroup Elchsoft/Medkonsult. Results A prototype of the site and the communication architecture for fax/email have been established and successfully beta-tested. Any consulting physician can easily send ECGs and additional material to the server with any fax-machine, where they are automatically TIFF-file converted. A password-protected site is already in use with selected clinicians (http://www.ecgconsult.de). For mobile site management, a web-based Control-Center has been designed. Outlines of contract models for members, guidelines for security purposes of the web-based communication, a business/cost plan and models for the logistic request management as well as for member/patient identification have been developed. Discussion The platform "EcgConsult" provides a network with fast and easy access to a specific target group and thus allows easy information exchange between the Heart Center Leipzig and rhythmologic experts and non-experts. This exchange may generate synergy effects by offering both groups a variety of data and information. Due to the use of web- and fax-based technology, the access to the service is easy and does not require PC-equipment or a scanner. The requests can be answered by the Heart Center consultants from any remote location world-wide. For the future open-ended architecture allows the participation of further consultants from clinics all over the world. The knowledge gathered from this project may help setting up guidelines for the development of other web-based medical competence centers / information services.

  13. Final Scientific Report DE-FGO3-97ER62460 Stomatal Responses to CO2: A Comparison of Woody and Herbaceous Species in Arid and Humid Climates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, George W.

    2003-12-19

    OAK-B135 The project involved a study of a fundamental response of terrestrial vegetation to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, namely, the change in leaf conductance to gas diffusion associated with a change in the aperture of the microscopic pores (stomata) on the surface of leaves.

  14. Safety evaluation report related to the operation of WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2, (Docket No. 50-397). Supplement No. 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Supplement No. 4 to the Safety Evaluation Report on the application filed by Washington Public Power Supply System for a license to operate the WPPSS Nuclear Project No. 2, located in Richland, Washington, has been prepared by the Division of Licensing, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. This supplement reports the status of certain items that had not been resolved at the time of publication of the Safety Evaluation Report and Supplement Nos. 1, 2 and 3

  15. S. 397: A bill to provide assistance to small communities with ground water radium contamination. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, February 9, 1989

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A bill was introduced in the Senate to provide assistance to small communities with ground water radium contamination. Assistance will be used for financing the acquisition and installation of ground water treatment technologies needed to remove radium from ground water used as a source of drinking water

  16. "La seguridad vial en la autopista México - Guadalajara" Maravatío - Límite de estados Michoacán/Jalisco del km 165+000 al km 397+000

    OpenAIRE

    López Nava, Jóse Fernando

    2011-01-01

    Es un gran reto de la sociedad mexicana aumentar la seguridad vial en las carreteras, actualmente los costos que se derivan de la frecuencia y severidad de los accidentes que ocurren en la red federal del país, representan un grave problema desde el punto de vista social y de salud pública. La seguridad vial destaca, que los accidentes viales y sus consecuencias como son muertos, lesionados y daños materiales, pueden disminuir mediante una inversión adecuada y creciente para generar mejores ...

  17. Nonlinear Observer for Signal and Parameter Fault Detection in Ship Propulsion Control, In "New Directions in Nonlinear Observer Design" (H. Nijmeijer and T. I. Fossen, Eds.), pp. 375-397

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blanke, M.; Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh

    Faults in ship propulsion and their associated automation systems can cause dramatic reduction on ships' ability to propel and maneuver, and effective means are needed to prevent that faults develop into failure. The chapter analyses the control system for a propulsion plant on a ferry. It is shown...

  18. Analyse de peupliers transgéniques sur-exprimant miR397a et caractérisation des sites d'insertion des transgènes

    OpenAIRE

    Chartrin, Audrey

    2013-01-01

    L’intérêt général pour les bioénergies a conduit au développement de biocarburants de seconde génération via l’utilisation de biomasse lignocellulosique. Afin d’en apprendre davantage sur les gènes impliqués dans les propriétés du bois, des espèces à croissance rapide tel que le peuplier ont été étudiées et transformées génétiquement. Nous nous intéressons dans un premier temps à l’endroit où s’est inséré l’ADN-T d’Agrobacterium tumefaciens chez des peupliers transgéniques : c’est la caractér...

  19. Dominique Ancelet-Netter, La dette, la dîme et le denier. Une analyse sémantique du vocabulaire économique et financier au Moyen Âge, Presses Universitaires du Septentrion, Villeneuve d’Ascq, 2010, 397 pages.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrice Beck

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Le champ de la présente étude est bien plus restreint que ne le laisse entendre le titre : il est limité au vocabulaire économique et financier en usage dans le royaume de France dans la seconde moitié du XIVe siècle. Mais cela suffit bien à remplir cet ouvrage de près de 400 pages, car les règnes de Jean le Bon à Charles VI sont indéniablement marqués par une grande effervescence en matière de politique économique dont l’auteur rappelle les traits saillants aux pages 78 à 84 et dans un utile...

  20. Atuação dos fisioterapeutas dos núcleos de apoio à saúde da família entre idosos do município de Arapiraca-Al, Brasil - doi: 10.5020/18061230.2012.p397

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almir Vieira Dibai Filho

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analisar a atuação dos fisioterapeutas nos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família (NASF com indivíduos senescentes residentes no município de Arapiraca-AL, Brasil. Metodos: Estudo caracterizado como descritivo e qualitativo. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram oito fisioterapeutas realizando intervenções junto aos idosos nos NASF, de ambos os sexos, regularmente inscritos no Conselho Regional de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional 1 (CREFITO 1. Os dados foram obtidos no mês de outubro de 2010 com a aplicação de um questionário para caracterizar a amostra, sendo coletados dados pessoais e questões relacionadas à formação acadêmica e ao trabalho nos NASF. Além disso, realizou-se uma entrevista abordando opiniões dos fisioterapeutas referentes ao cuidado com o idoso na Estratégia Saúde da Família (ESF e nos NASF, à atuação dos fisioterapeutas dos NASF com idosos, e às dificuldades vivenciadas nesse trabalho. Foi realizada uma análise qualitativa por meio da técnica do discurso do sujeito coletivo. Resultados: Os profissionais incluídos no estudo consideraram regular e positivo o cuidado ao idoso na ESF e nos NASF, respectivamente. As intervenções deles nos NASF se baseiam em ações sustentadas na atenção primária à saúde e as dificuldades encontradas dizem respeito à equipe multidisciplinar e à falta de recursos e infraestrutura. Conclusão: Os fisioterapeutas dos NASF do município em estudo desenvolvem suas ações na população senescente, com ênfase em medidas educativas, preventivas e promotoras de saúde.

  1. Atuação dos fisioterapeutas dos núcleos de apoio à saúde da família entre idosos do município de Arapiraca-Al, Brasil - doi: 10.5020/18061230.2012.p397

    OpenAIRE

    Almir Vieira Dibai Filho; Mariana Chaves Aveiro

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo: Analisar a atuação dos fisioterapeutas nos Núcleos de Apoio à Saúde da Família (NASF) com indivíduos senescentes residentes no município de Arapiraca-AL, Brasil. Metodos: Estudo caracterizado como descritivo e qualitativo. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram oito fisioterapeutas realizando intervenções junto aos idosos nos NASF, de ambos os sexos, regularmente inscritos no Conselho Regional de Fisioterapia e Terapia Ocupacional 1 (CREFITO 1). Os dados foram obtidos no mês de outubro...

  2. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U13130-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gatatattaatcaaggtaattntttaaatgatccaataaca 397 Query: 398 ttagantttggtgatgtttcaaccgattagaaataataccaaatc 442 |...|||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||| Sbjct: 398 ttagantttggtgatgtttcaaccg...tcaaggtaattntttaaatgatccaataacattagantttggtgatgtttcaaccg 422 |||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||||...||||||||||||| Sbjct: 248 ttaatcaaggtaattntttaaatgatccaataacattagantttggtgatgtttca

  3. 49 CFR 177.804 - Compliance with Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Carrier Safety Regulations. Motor carriers and other persons subject to this part must comply with 49 CFR part 383 and 49 CFR parts 390 through 397 (excluding §§ 397.3 and 397.9) to the extent those... Regulations. 177.804 Section 177.804 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation PIPELINE...

  4. PDB: CBRC-PHAM-01-0319 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CBRC-PHAM-01-0319 1OF2,1OGT,3B3I, Region:389-397(Identity=100%) PDB:1OF2 Chain:C (X-ray... Resolution=2.20),Region:389-397(Identity=100%) PDB:1OGT Chain:C (X-ray Resolution=1.47),Region:389-397(Identity=100%) PDB:3B3I Chain:C (X-ray Resolution=1.86), ...

  5. History of oceanography of the Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sengupta, R.

    stream_size 12 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name New_Trends_Indian_Art_Archaeol_1992_2_397.pdf.txt stream_source_info New_Trends_Indian_Art_Archaeol_1992_2_397.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text...

  6. AcEST: DK949465 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ound lytic murein transglycosylas... 31 2.5 sp|P36324|POL2_RRVS RNA2 polyprotein OS=Raspberry ringspot virus...207 F 209 F Sbjct: 397 F 397 >sp|P36324|POL2_RRVS RNA2 polyprotein OS=Raspberry r

  7. Exacerbation of Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 2E neuropathy following traumatic nerve injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalón, Eric; Dale, Jeffrey M; Jones, Maria; Shen, Hailian; Garcia, Michael L

    2015-11-19

    Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most commonly inherited peripheral neuropathy. CMT disease signs include distal limb neuropathy, abnormal gait, sensory defects, and deafness. We generated a novel line of CMT2E mice expressing hNF-L(E397K), which displayed muscle atrophy of the lower limbs without denervation, proximal reduction in large caliber axons, and decreased nerve conduction velocity. In this study, we challenged wild type, hNF-L and hNF-L(E397K) mice with crush injury to the sciatic nerve. We analyzed functional recovery by measuring toe spread and analyzed gait using the Catwalk system. hNF-L(E397K) mice demonstrated reduced recovery from nerve injury consistent with increased susceptibility to neuropathy observed in CMT patients. In addition, hNF-L(E397K) developed a permanent reduction in their ability to weight bear, increased mechanical allodynia, and premature gait shift in the injured limb, which led to increasingly disrupted interlimb coordination in hNF-L(E397K). Exacerbation of neuropathy after injury and identification of gait alterations in combination with previously described pathology suggests that hNF-L(E397K) mice recapitulate many of clinical signs associated with CMT2. Therefore, hNF-L(E397K) mice provide a model for determining the efficacy of novel therapies.

  8. Pie Graph Data: Number of Americans Dependent on or Abusing Alcohol and Illicit Drugs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1,921 Sedatives / 162 Tranquilizers / 521 Stimulants / 357 Heroin / 359 Hallucinogens / 397 Cocaine / 1,003 Inhalants / 161 Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2005 National Survey on Drug Use ...

  9. Serotype Distribution and Antimicrobial Resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae prior to Introduction of the 10-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Brazil, 2000-2007: Pneumococcal Serotypes Prior to Conjugate Vaccine Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Menezes, Ana Paula de O.; Campos, Leila C.; dos Santos, Milena S.; Azevedo, Jailton; dos Santos, Renan Cardoso Nery; Carvalho, Maria da Gloria S.; Beall, Bernard W.; Martin, Stacey W.; Salgado, Katia; Reis, Mitermayer G.; Ko, Albert I.; Reis, Joice N

    2010-01-01

    This study describes the serotype distribution and antibiotic resistance patterns among 397 S. pneumoniae meningitis case isolates recovered in Salvador, Brazil, during the period of 2000-2007, before introduction of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

  10. Dicty_cDB: VSK250 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tial cds; mitochondrial gene for mitochondrial product. 52 1e-21 5 AY129196 |AY129196.1 Phytophthora fraga...riae var. rubi isolate 397 cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (coxII) gene, partial cd

  11. Swift refined location points to the neutron star transient EXO 1745-248 as the source currently active in Terzan 5

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Linares; D. Chakrabarty; H. Marshall; A. Bahramian; C. Heinke; G. Sivakoff; D. Altamirano; A. Patruno; R. Wijnands; N. Degenaar; A. Sanna

    2015-01-01

    We have obtained an improved position for the transient currently active in the globular cluster Terzan 5 (ATels #7240, #7242), using the method of Evans et al. (2009, MNRAS, 397, 1177) to reduce the systematic astrometric uncertainty.

  12. Disease: H00683 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 51 (description) Al Hawsawi K, Al Aboud K, Alfadley A, Al Aboud D Anonychia congenita totalis: a case report and review of the litera...ture. Int J Dermatol 41:397-9 (2002) PMID:17186469 (gene

  13. Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge: Examination of Contaminants Using Mussels and Paddlefish and Indicators

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge is located along almost 400 miles of the Ohio River from river mile 35 to 397 with headquarters stationed at...

  14. Impact of demographic factors on management competencies of the municipal sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripolitsioti Alexandra

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to define the competencies required for the administration of the sports facilities, of the municipal sport organizations and to compare them with selected variables, such as age, educational level, type of degree and years of employment. In the study participated 401 sport’s facilities managers, of the Municipal sport organizations of the country. They answered in a questionnaire designed for the study purposes, which was sent to them postal. The Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA between age, educational level, type of degree and years of employment revealed that: a there were statistically significant differences between the different age groups for the facility management factor (F(3, 397= 4.947, p< 0.002 and governance factor (F(3, 397= 3.170, p< 0.024, b there were statistically significant differences between the PhD holders, the Master holders, the Higher Education graduates or any other title for the event management factor (F(3, 397= 3.073, p< 0.028 and first aid/crisis management factor (F(3, 397= 4.311, p< 0.005, c there were statistically significant differences between the different titles for the first aid- crisis management factor (F(3, 397= 10.264, p< 0.000 and governance factor (F(3, 397= 4.104, p< 0.007 and d there were statistically significant differences between the total years of employment for the first aid-crisis management factor (F(3, 397= 6.869, p< 0.000 and governance factor (F(3, 397= 3.779, p< 0.011. It is concluded that the competency factors of the Sport’s Facilities managers of the municipal sport organizations are affected by the age, the educational level, the type of degree and the years of employment.

  15. 78 FR 45213 - Medicaid Program; State Allotments for Payment of Medicare Part B Premiums for Qualifying...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-26

    ... CONTACT: Richard Strauss, (410) 786-2019. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Background A. QI Allotments for FY... 598,851 Florida 83 6.22 45,385,768 66,783,222 21,397,454........ 25.9401 Need Need Need 21,397,454............ 0.6585 681,899 NA 379,127 Florida 96 6.66 50,929,265 75,922,288 24,993,023........ 24.1351 Need...

  16. 生椎茸中のプレビタミンD_2およびビタミンD_2の同定

    OpenAIRE

    高村, 一知; 星野, 浩子; 叶多, 謙蔵; タカムラ, カズノリ; ホシノ, ヒロコ; カノウタ, ケンゾウ; Kazunori, Takamura; HIROKO, HOSHINO; KENZO, KANOHTA

    1993-01-01

    Pre-vitamin D_2(pre-D_2)and vitamin D_2(D_2)in raw shiitake mushroom were identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) with modified plasmaspray. 1. Pre-D_2 and D_2 in raw shiitake mushroom were separated by LC. 2. Pre-D_2 was confirmed parent ion(m/z 397 [M+H]^+)to scan number 259 of total ion chromatogram. 3. D_2 was cofirmed parent ion(m/z 397 [M+H]^+) to scan number 296 of total ion chromatogram. 4. We have succeeded in obtaining mass spectra of pre-D_2 and D_2 that does ...

  17. Boletín Oficial núm. 04

    OpenAIRE

    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

    1997-01-01

    Contiene: Reglamento de Organización y Funcionamiento del Servicio de Biblioteca, aprobado por Acuerdo de la Junta de Gobierno, en su sesión 3/97, de 17 de junio de 1.997 (pp. 1-7). -- Reglamento de Organización y Funcionamiento del Servicio de Informática, aprobado por Acuerdo de la Junta de Gobierno, en su sesión 3/97, de 17 de junio de 1.997 (pp. 8-14). -- Reglamento por el que se desarrolla el art. 148 de los Estatutos de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, aprobado por Acuerdo de la Jun...

  18. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U12753-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Chromosome length - Start point - End point - Strand (PLUS/MINUS) - Number of clones 4 Number of EST 4 Link ...Seq.d Length = 1169 Score = 829 bits (418), Expect = 0.0 Identities = 418/418 (100%) Strand = Plus / Plus Qu...97), Expect = 0.0 Identities = 397/397 (100%) Strand = Plus / Plus Query: 69 atag...5 Score = 375 bits (189), Expect = e-104 Identities = 189/189 (100%) Strand = Plus / Plus Query: 524 gattcaa...), Expect = 6e-12 Identities = 35/35 (100%) Strand = Plus / Plus Query: 1 aaataaacaacaacagcaacaacaaaatggtgct

  19. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1XICA-4XIMD [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1XICA-4XIMD 1XIC 4XIM A D YQPTPEDRFTFGLWTVGWQGRDPFGDATRRALDPVESVQ...Y CA 227 TYR CA 313 SER CA 291 GLY CA 397 4X...IM D 4XIMD DLLENG...07 GLN CA 106 ALA CA 123 4XIM D 4XIMD TPTLNPGEGYAE

  20. Situational Judgment Test Research: Informing the Debate on Practical Intelligence Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDaniel, Michael A.; Whetzel, Deborah L.

    2005-01-01

    [Gottfredson, L. S. (2003). Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence. Intelligence, 31, 343-397.] provided a detailed critique of Sternberg's [Sternberg, R. J., Fotsythe, G. B., Hedlund, J., Horvath, J. A., Wagner, R. K., Williams, W. M., Snook, S. A., Grigorenko, E. L. (2000). Practical intelligence in everyday life. New…

  1. AcEST: BP914113 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available +AL+D Y+K +L EA+ V D Sbjct: 323 FACTSILNSCGSLAAIWQGRQIHAHVIKADLEADE-YVKNALIDMYAK...+AL+D Y+K +L EA+ V D Sbjct: 339 FACTSILNSCGSLAAIWQGRQIHAHVIKADLEADE-YVKNALIDMYAKCEHLTEARAVFD 397 Query: 182 ...AYSKSFYLLEAQKVVD 181 F C IL +CG + A + +IH ++K E D+ + +AL+D Y+K +L EA+ V D Sbjct: 514 FACTSILNSCGSLAAIWQGRQIH

  2. Hassan Zaoual (1950-2011). Novas Economias Enraizadas em Iniciativas Locais

    OpenAIRE

    Jane Simoni

    2011-01-01

    ZAOUAL, HASSAN. Nova Economia das Iniciativas Locais: uma introdução ao pensamento pós-global. Tradução de Michel Thiollent. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A: Consulado Gerald a França: COPPE/UFRJ, 2006. ISBN: 85-7490-397-3

  3. Hassan Zaoual (1950-2011. Novas Economias Enraizadas em Iniciativas Locais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Simoni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ZAOUAL, HASSAN. Nova Economia das Iniciativas Locais: uma introdução ao pensamento pós-global. Tradução de Michel Thiollent. Rio de Janeiro: DP&A: Consulado Gerald a França: COPPE/UFRJ, 2006. ISBN: 85-7490-397-3

  4. Implantation of the biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stent in patients with high SYNTAX score is associated with decreased cardiac mortality compared to a permanent polymer sirolimus-eluting stent: Two year follow-up results from the "all-comers" LEADERS trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.J. Wykrzykowska (Joanna); S.A. Garg (Scot); Y. Onuma (Yosinobu); T. de Vries (Ton); M-A.M. Morel (Marie-Angèle); G.A. van Es (Gerrit Anne); P. Buszman (Pawel); A. Linke (Axel); T. Ischinger (Thomas); V. Klauss (Volker); R. Corti (Roberto); F.R. Eberli (Franz Robert); W. Wijns (William); M-C. Morice (Marie-Claude); C. di Mario (Carlo); R.J.M. van Geuns (Robert Jan); P. Jùni (Peter); S. Windecker (Stephan); P.W.J.C. Serruys (Patrick)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The SYNTAX score (SXscore) has been shown to be an effective predictor of clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: The SXscore was prospectively collected in 1,397 of the 1,707 patients enrolled in the "all-comers

  5. Factor Structure and Reliability of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and Prevalence Estimates of Trauma for Male and Female Street Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forde, David R.; Baron, Stephen W.; Scher, Christine D.; Stein, Murray B.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the psychometric properties of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire short form (CTQ-SF) with street youth who have run away or been expelled from their homes (N = 397). Internal reliability coefficients for the five clinical scales ranged from 0.65 to 0.95. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to test the five-factor…

  6. 76 FR 51403 - Lyle E. Craker, PhD; Order Regarding Officially Noticed Evidence and Motion for Reconsideration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-18

    ... was provided with marijuana.'' 74 FR at 2119. Despite the enormity of this fact in relation to... marijuana (GX 31, at 3; Tr. 694-95). 74 FR at 2120 n.71. As for Respondent's contention that ``none of these... of $9 million for the marijuana research studies. Tr. 397. 74 FR at 2105-06 n.16. It is thus...

  7. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U05096-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Microcebus murinus clone CH257-397E23, WORKING DR... 44 6.0 1 ( FI267105 ) CccaBb044-B7JR CccABb Cajanus ca...jan genomic clone... 44 6.0 1 ( FI266561 ) CccaBb037-G2JF CccABb Cajanus cajan genomic clone... 44 6.0 1 ( C

  8. Comparative measurements of transpiration an canopy conductance in two mixed deciduous woodlands differing in structure and species composition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbst, Mathias; Rosier, Paul T.W.; Morecroft, Michael D.;

    2008-01-01

    a continuous hazel (Corylus avellana L.) understory. Wytham Woods, which had an LAI of 3.6, was dominated by ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) and sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus L.) and had only a sparse understory. Annual canopy transpiration was 367 mm for Grimsbury Wood and 397 mm for Wytham Woods. These values...

  9. Do Children Who Bully Their Peers Also Play Violent Video Games? A Canadian National Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dittrick, Crystal J.; Beran, Tanya N.; Mishna, Faye; Hetherington, Ross; Shariff, Shaheen

    2013-01-01

    The study examined whether children who bully others are likely to prefer playing video games that are rated high in maturity and violence. A stratified random sample of Canadian children ages 10 to 17 years from the provinces of Canada was obtained. Parents (n = 397) and their children (n = 492) completed an online survey of children's…

  10. QTL Information Table: 25 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Ctb1 Resistance or Tolerance Cold tolerance Spikelet fertility SSR A)Physical BCFn ...sical mapping and putative candidate gene identification of a quantitative trait lo...Kirara397 Norin-PL8 AL662970 OSR15 SCAB11 pha Saito, K., Hayano-Saito, Y., Maruyama-Funatsuki, W., Sato, Y., and Kato, A. (2004). Phy

  11. An Attachment Perspective on Anger among Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konishi, Chiaki; Hymel, Shelley

    2014-01-01

    Extending John Bowlby's hypothesis that dysfunctional anger is a predictable outcome of insecure attachments to parents, this study investigated the relationship between current parent-adolescent attachment and both the experience and expression of anger. Participants included 776 students (379 boys and 397 girls) in grades 8-12. As predicted…

  12. Coping Styles with Student Misbehavior as Mediators of Teachers' Classroom Management Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Van Dat

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to identify how teachers' use of various coping styles with student misbehavior, and the extent to which these relate to their classroom management techniques -- punishment, recognition and reward, hinting, discussion, and aggression. It examines data from 397 junior high school teachers in Vietnam. The results…

  13. 49 CFR 383.121 - Requirements for hazardous materials endorsement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... vehicle, from information contained in 49 CFR parts 171, 172, 173, 177, 178, and 397 on the following: (a...; (4) Passenger Carrying Buses and Hazardous Materials; (5) Attendance of Motor Vehicles; (6) Parking... materials; (3) Emergency procedures; and (4) Existence of special requirements for transporting Class A...

  14. Drug: D01642 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available essity Same as: C13102 Therapeutic category: 2315 ATC code: A02BX12 Therapeutic cat...D01642 Drug Bismuth subnitrate (JP16/USP); Mammol (TN) BiN3H2O9 396.9595 397.011 D01642.gif Pharmaceutic nec

  15. 40 CFR 96.143 - Compliance supplement pool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance supplement pool. 96.143... CAIR NOX Allowance Allocations § 96.143 Compliance supplement pool. (a) In addition to the CAIR NOX... Compliancesupplement pool Alabama 10,166 Delaware 843 District Of Columbia 0 Florida 8,335 Georgia 12,397 Illinois...

  16. The Student Perception of University Support and Structure Scale: Development and Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wintre, Maxine G.; Gates, Shawn K. E.; Pancer, W. Mark; Pratt, Michael S.; Polivy, Janet; Birnie-Lefcovitch, S.; Adams, Gerald

    2009-01-01

    A new scale, the Student Perception of University Support and Structure Scale (SPUSS), was developed for research on the transition to university. The scale was based on concepts derived from Baumrind's (1971) theory of parenting styles. Data were obtained from two separate cohorts of freshmen (n=759 and 397) attending six Canadian universities of…

  17. 78 FR 63375 - List of Approved Spent Fuel Storage Casks: Transnuclear, Inc. Standardized NUHOMS® Cask System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-24

    ... fall within the scope of the definition of small entities set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act... will be considered if it is practical to do so, but the NRC staff is able to ensure consideration only... Document Room (PDR) reference staff at 1-800-397-4209, 301-415- 4737, or by email to...

  18. 75 FR 79803 - Semiannual Agenda of Regulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ... some kinds of flavorings, foods, and beverages. They have begun to use substitutes such as 2,3... the Department's agenda. Hilda L. Solis, Secretary of Labor. Office of Labor-Management Standards...-Management Standards--Completed Actions Regulation Sequence Title Identifier Number Number 397...

  19. 33 CFR 117.403 - Wabash River.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wabash River. 117.403 Section 117.403 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Indiana § 117.403 Wabash River. See § 117.397, Wabash...

  20. 49 CFR 350.201 - What conditions must a State meet to qualify for Basic Program Funds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... (f) Maintain the aggregate expenditure of funds by the State and its political subdivisions... enforcing State safety laws and regulations that are compatible with the FMCSRs (49 CFR parts 390-397) and the HMRs (49 CFR parts 107 (subparts F and G only), 171-173, 177, 178 and 180), except as may...

  1. 75 FR 73983 - Proposed Modification of the Salt Lake City, UT, Class B Airspace Area; Public Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... Federal Aviation Administration 14 CFR Part 71 Proposed Modification of the Salt Lake City, UT, Class B... Terminal, 397 North 2370 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84116. (3) The meeting on Thursday, February 3, 2011... Lake City TRACON, Salt Lake City ATCT/TRACON, 1201 North 4000 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84116. (801)...

  2. InterProScan Result: FY018473 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FY018473 FY018473_6_ORF1 44D209310A66F397 PANTHER PTHR11690 AMILORIDE-SENSITIVE SOD...IUM CHANNEL-RELATED 1.9e-44 T IPR001873 Na+ channel, amiloride-sensitive Molecular Function: sodium channel

  3. 78 FR 55750 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... Cancer Institute Special Emphasis Panel; NCI Omnibus--Drug and Gene Delivery. Date: November 7, 2013... Detection and Diagnosis Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  4. Sex and Aggression: The Relationship between Gender and Abuse Experience in Youngsters Referred to Residential Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerfler, Leonard A.; Toscano, Peter F., Jr.; Connor, Daniel F.

    2009-01-01

    We examined the relationship of gender and different forms of abuse experience on internalizing symptoms, externalizing symptoms, and IQ in a sample of 397 youngsters who were admitted to a residential treatment program. Three types of abuse experience were examined in this study: sexual abuse only, physical abuse only, and "both" sexual and…

  5. Child Abuse and Aggression among Seriously Emotionally Disturbed Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Julian D.; Fraleigh, Lisa A.; Connor, Daniel F.

    2010-01-01

    Abused children may be at risk for problems with aggression. In a sample of 397 seriously emotionally disturbed children, reactive aggression was associated with documented history of physical abuse but not sexual abuse. Girls were equally likely to be classified as reactively aggressive regardless of physical abuse history, but boys with physical…

  6. Intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual behaviors of Chinese university students: gender differences in prevalence and correlates

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    X. Chi; D. van de Bongardt; S.T. Hawk

    2015-01-01

    The main aim of the present study was to investigate gender differences among university students in contemporary China regarding (1) the prevalence of various types of intrapersonal and interpersonal sexual behaviors and (2) their sociodemographic and psychosocial predictors. A total of 1,397 unive

  7. A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Interpersonal Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cambra, Ronald E.; Klopf, Donald W.

    The Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation--Behavior (FIRO-B) was administered to 504 Japanese, 219 Australian, 73 Korean, and 397 United States college students to assess interpersonal needs in the four cultures. The FIRO-B provides ratings for inclusion, control, and affection needs on an "expressed" dimension to indicate the behavior…

  8. Alcohol and Drug Use in Young Apprentices: Effect of Social Control in the Family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burcu, Esra

    2003-01-01

    Examined the social control used by families of young apprentices in Turkey in relation to deviant behaviors, such as alcohol and drug use. Data for 397 apprentices show that those who use alcohol are most frequently exposed to stringent controls and oral and physical violence, and those who use drugs frequently were exposed to battering by their…

  9. Friend Influence on Achievement during Middle Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeLay, Dawn

    2013-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate friend influence on academic achievement and task avoidance during middle childhood in a sample of 794 participants in 397 stable same-sex friendship dyads (205 girl dyads and 192 boy dyads) from four municipalities in Finland: two in Central Finland, one in Western Finland, and one in Eastern Finland.…

  10. AcEST: DK950228 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bid... 31 4.8 sp|Q03063|DIG1_YEAST Down-regulator of invasive growth 1 OS=Sacc... 31 6.2 >sp|O76011|KRT34_HU...CTDPSIISREI 397 >sp|Q03063|DIG1_YEAST Down-regulator of invasive growth 1 OS=Saccharomyces cerevisiae GN=DIG

  11. AcEST: DK955992 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DIG1_YEAST Down-regulator of invasive growth 1 OS=Sacc... 31 5.2 sp|Q8IZC4|RTKN2_HUMAN Rhotekin-2 OS=Homo sa... +C++++ P ++ R I Sbjct: 376 SSTDSCKDLQTCTDPSIISREI 397 >sp|Q03063|DIG1_YEAST Down-regulator of invasive grow

  12. Gclust Server: 201249 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 201249 Vvy_VV1063 Cluster Sequences - 397 hypothetical protein 1 1.00e-99 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.23 0.0 Show 2012...49 Cluster ID 201249 Sequence ID Vvy_VV1063 Link to cluster sequences Cluster Seque

  13. Deep Impact Spots Quarry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Sixty-nine days before it gets up-close-and-personal with a comet, NASA's Deep Impact spacecraft successfully photographed its quarry, comet Tempel 1, at a distance of 39.7 million miles. The image, taken on April 25, 2005, is the first of many comet portraits Deep Impact will take leading up to its historic comet encounter on July 4.

  14. Detection of subclinical peste des petits ruminants virus infection in experimental cattle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, A; Saravanan, P; Balamurugan, V; Bhanuprakash, V; Venkatesan, G; Sarkar, J; Rajak, K K; Ahuja, A; Yadav, V; Sudhakar, S B; Parida, S; Singh, R K

    2014-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible involvement of cattle in the epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as subclinical carriers. Cattle were exposed experimentally to PPR virus (PPRV) infection or placed in contact with PPR infected goats. Clinical samples including heparinized/EDTA blood, plasma, peripheral blood monocyte cells (PBMCs) and clotted blood (for serum) were collected periodically from 21 days post infection (dpi) to 397 dpi (21, 45, 50, 57, 65, 95, 111, 119, 148, 190, 203 and 397 dpi) and tested for PPRV antigen, nucleic acid and antibody. Exposed cattle seroconverted and maintained PPRV specific haemagglutinin antibodies and detectable PPRV antigen/nucleic acid in blood, plasma and PBMCs from 21 to 397 dpi. PPRV was recovered from blood and PBMC collected from experimental animals at 21 dpi, initially in B95a cells and then adapted to Vero cells. The study indicated that PPRV can infect cattle subclinically and PPRV antigen/nucleic acid persist in cattle for at least 397 days. PMID:25674614

  15. Gclust Server: 191991 [Gclust Server

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 191991 NCR_NCU02886 Cluster Sequences - 396 hypothetical protein (translation) (397... aa); no annotation 1 1.00e-99 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 12.5 Show 191991 Cluster ID 191991 Sequence ID NCR_NCU028

  16. High human immunodeficiency virus incidence in a cohort of Rwandan female sex workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. Braunstein; C.M. Ingabire; E. Kestelyn; A.U. Uwizera; L. Mwamarangwe; J. Ntirushwa; D. Nash; N.J. Veldhuijzen; A. Nel; J. Vyankandondera; J.H.H.M. van de Wijgert

    2011-01-01

    Measurement of human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) incidence among female sex workers in Rwanda is a key part of preparing for HIV prevention trials. HIV-negative, nonpregnant female sex workers (N =397) were tested for HIV-1, sexually transmitted infections, and pregnancy quarterly for 12 months, and

  17. SOTER-based soil parameter estimates for Kenya (ver. 1.0)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Batjes, N.H.; Gicheru, P.

    2006-01-01

    This harmonized data set has been derived from the Soil and Terrain Database for Kenya (KENSOTER), at scale 1:1M, compiled by the Kenya Soil Survey. The land surface of the Republic of Kenya - excluding lakes and towns - has been characterized using 397 unique SOTER units corresponding with 623 soil

  18. Psychiatric Morbidity, Violent Crime, and Suicide among Children and Adolescents Exposed to Parental Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcox, Holly C.; Kuramoto, Satoko J.; Lichtenstein, Paul; Langstrom, Niklas; Brent, David A.; Runeson, Bo

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This retrospective cohort study examined the risk for suicide, psychiatric hospitalization, and violent criminal convictions among offspring of parents who died from suicide, accidents, and other causes. Method: Population-based data from multiple Swedish national registers were linked from 1969 to 2004. Participants were 44,397

  19. Perceived Disgust and Personal Experiences are Associated with Acceptance of Dissections in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol; Leskova, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    Animal dissections are essential parts of anatomy/zoology courses, but their effectiveness is influenced by student attitudes and emotions. Here we examined attitudes toward dissections in 397 prospective biology teachers enrolling two Slovak universities. Perceived disgust of dissections negatively correlated with other attitudes toward…

  20. The Forgotten Schools. Current Status of Special Schools for Pupils with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Germany: A Complete National Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willmann, Marc

    2007-01-01

    The article reports on a survey of special schools for children with social, emotional, and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) in Germany. The schools were asked by standardised mail questionnaire about their organisational structures. The rate of return was 77% and a total of 397 schools were included in the interpretation of data. The questionnaire…

  1. Mesenteric artery response to head-up tilt-induced central hypovolaemia and hypotension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perko, M J; Madsen, P; Perko, Grazyna;

    1997-01-01

    the normotensive and the hypotensive phase of HUT, the SMA diameter (5.7 +/- 0.03 mm) and blood flow (514 +/- 75 ml min-1) did not change significantly, although the end-diastolic velocity increased from 9.7 +/- 4.8 to 39.7 +/- 4.0 cm s-1 (P

  2. Drug: D08461 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08461 Drug Quinine dihydrochloride; Quinine (TN) C20H24N2O2. 2HCl 396.1371 397.3386 D08461.gif Antiprotozoa... USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Antiparasitics Antiprotozoals Quinine D08461 Quinine dihydrochloride A

  3. Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapikiran, Necla Acun

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

  4. The Career Indecision of Managers and Professionals: An Examination of Multiple Subtypes [and] Comments [and] Rejoinder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callanan, Gerard A.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Cluster analysis of data from 397 banking managers and professionals revealed 4 subtypes: chronic and developmental career-undecided employees and vigilant and hypervigilant career-decided employees. (Reactions from Tiedeman, Krumboltz, and Hall and rejoinder from Greenhaus and Callanan are provided.) (SK)

  5. Draft Genome Sequence of "Halomonas chromatireducens" Strain AGD 8-3, a Haloalkaliphilic Chromate- and Selenite-Reducing Gammaproteobacterium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharko, Fedor S; Shapovalova, Anna A; Tsygankova, Svetlana V; Komova, Anastasia V; Boulygina, Eugenia S; Teslyuk, Anton B; Gotovtsev, Pavel M; Namsaraev, Zorigto B; Khijniak, Tatiana V; Nedoluzhko, Artem V; Vasilov, Raif G

    2016-01-01

    Here, we report the complete genome sequence (3.97 Mb) of "Halomonas chromatireducens" AGD 8-3, a denitrifying bacterium capable of chromate and selenite reduction under extreme haloalkaline conditions. This strain was isolated from soda solonchak soils of the Kulunda steppe, Russian Federation. PMID:26988058

  6. Draft Genome Sequence of “Halomonas chromatireducens” Strain AGD 8-3, a Haloalkaliphilic Chromate- and Selenite-Reducing Gammaproteobacterium

    OpenAIRE

    Sharko, Fedor S.; Shapovalova, Anna A.; Svetlana V. Tsygankova; Komova, Anastasia V.; Boulygina, Eugenia S; Teslyuk, Anton B.; Gotovtsev, Pavel M.; Namsaraev, Zorigto B.; Khijniak, Tatiana V.; Nedoluzhko, Artem V; Vasilov, Raif G.

    2016-01-01

    Here, we report the complete genome sequence (3.97 Mb) of “Halomonas chromatireducens” AGD 8-3, a denitrifying bacterium capable of chromate and selenite reduction under extreme haloalkaline conditions. This strain was isolated from soda solonchak soils of the Kulunda steppe, Russian Federation.

  7. JAVA CLASSES FOR NONPROCEDURAL VARIOGRAM MONITORING. JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS AND GEOSCIENCE

    Science.gov (United States)

    NRMRL-ADA-00229 Faulkner*, B.P. Java Classes for Nonprocedural Variogram Monitoring. Journal of Computers and Geosciences ( Elsevier Science, Ltd.) 28:387-397 (2002). EPA/600/J-02/235. A set of Java classes was written for variogram modeling to support research for US EPA's Reg...

  8. A meta-analysis quantifying transmission parameters of FMDV strain O Taiwan among non-vaccinated and vaccinated pigs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eble, P.L.; Koeijer, de A.A.; Jong, de M.C.M.; Engel, B.; Dekker, A.

    2008-01-01

    Our aim was to provide additional estimates of main parameters for the transmission of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) strain O Taiwan (3/97). We used the data of previous experiments in non-vaccinated and vaccinated pigs and combined the data of experiments with the same treatment(s). First, we

  9. The Survey of College Marketing Programs. Volume III: Electronic Advertising and Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Primary Research Group, Inc., New York, NY.

    This report presents 203 tables detailing findings concerning the use of electronic advertising within marketing programs at 68 colleges and universities. Highlights of this report include: colleges in the sample enroll a mean of 5,450 students; 5.6 percent of the colleges produce a CD-ROM version of the viewbook; 39.7 percent enable applicants to…

  10. 7 CFR 1755.97 - Incorporation by reference of telecommunications standards and specifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...(a) and 1 CFR part 51. These bulletins contain construction standards and specifications for... Locations. Editorial Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 1755.97, see the List of CFR Sections... carbon arrester assemblies for use in protectors. 345-180 Form 397a Jan. 1963 RUS specifications...

  11. 41 CFR 50-204.75 - Transportation safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Transportation Safety § 50-204.75 Transportation safety. Any requirements of the U.S. Department of Transportation under 49 CFR Parts 171-179 and Parts 390-397 and 14 CFR Part 103 shall be applied to... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transportation safety....

  12. 75 FR 59099 - Cable Television Act of 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ..., published at 60 FR 52106, October 5, 1995, are effective September 27, 2010. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT... September 22, 1995, FCC 95-397, and published in the Federal Register on October 5, 1995, 60 FR 52106, the... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 76 Cable Television Act of 1992 AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission....

  13. Nevada Bouguer Gravity Grid

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A 2 kilometer Bouguer anomaly grid for the state of Nevada. Number of columns is 282 and number of rows is 397. The order of the data is from the lower left to the...

  14. Aquatic Environment 2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, L. M.; Bijl, L. van der; Boutrup, S.;

    The report summarizes the results of the Danish Aquatic Monitoring and Assessment Programme 1998-2003. Danish Environmental Protection Agency 2000: NOVA-2003. Programbeskrivelse for det nationale program for overvågning af vandmiljøet 1998-2003. 397 pp. - Redegørelse fra Miljøstyrelsen nr. 1 (in...

  15. Genome Sequence of Arenibacter algicola Strain TG409, a Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacterium Associated with Marine Eukaryotic Phytoplankton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutierrez, Tony; Whitman, William B; Huntemann, Marcel; Copeland, Alex; Chen, Amy; Kyrpides, Nikos; Markowitz, Victor; Pillay, Manoj; Ivanova, Natalia; Mikhailova, Natalia; Ovchinnikova, Galina; Andersen, Evan; Pati, Amrita; Stamatis, Dimitrios; Reddy, T B K; Ngan, Chew Yee; Chovatia, Mansi; Daum, Chris; Shapiro, Nicole; Cantor, Michael N; Woyke, Tanja

    2016-01-01

    Arenibacter algicola strain TG409 was isolated from Skeletonema costatum and exhibits the ability to utilize polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as sole sources of carbon and energy. Here, we present the genome sequence of this strain, which is 5,550,230 bp with 4,722 genes and an average G+C content of 39.7%. PMID:27491994

  16. 77 FR 67015 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-08

    ... Committee: National Cancer Institute Special Emphasis Panel NCI Omnibus and Cancer Therapy. Date: November... Detection and Diagnosis Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  17. 78 FR 8157 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-05

    ... Committee: National Cancer Institute Special Emphasis Panel; Provocative Questions: Cancer Therapy and... Detection and Diagnosis Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  18. 78 FR 20118 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-03

    ... Committee: National Cancer Institute Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer Biology and Therapy. Date: April 17... Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397, Cancer Centers... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  19. 78 FR 25459 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Committee: National Cancer Institute Special Emphasis Panel; Cancer Therapy (Omnibus). Date: June 27-28....395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397, Cancer Centers Support; 93... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  20. 78 FR 58321 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-23

    ... Emphasis Panel, Provocative Questions: Cancer Therapy & Outcomes. Date: November 7-8, 2013. Time: 8:00 a.m..., Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397, Cancer Centers Support; 93.398... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed...

  1. 77 FR 55864 - Applications and Amendments to Facility Operating Licenses and Combined Licenses Involving...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-11

    .... Address questions about NRC dockets to Carol Gallagher; telephone: 301-492- 3668; email: Carol.Gallagher... NRC's E-Filing rule (72 FR 49139; August 28, 2007). The E-Filing process requires participants to... Branch Chief: Michael T. Markley. Energy Northwest, Docket No. 50-397, Columbia Generating...

  2. Условия и порядок использования зеленой инвестиционной схемы "Пособие на реконструкцию многоквартирных домов"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Korteri- ja hooneühistutele ning korteriomanike ühisustele suunatud energiatõhususe tõstmise toetuse kasutamise tingimused ja kord. Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri määrus nr. 52 (vastu võetud 17.08.2010), RT I 2010, 58, 397

  3. Multilevel Mediation: Cumulative Contextual Risk, Maternal Differential Treatment, and Children's Behavior within Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meunier, Jean Christophe; Boyle, Michael; O'Connor, Thomas G.; Jenkins, Jennifer M.

    2013-01-01

    This study tests the hypothesis that links between contextual risk and children's outcomes are partially explained by differential parenting. Using multi-informant measurement and including up to four children per family (M[subscript age] = 3.51, SD = 2.38) in a sample of 397 families, indirect effects (through maternal differential…

  4. Parasitosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    2010293 Preoperative multi-slice spiral CT evaluation of involvement of vessels and biliary ducts in hepatic cystic echinococcosis. WANG Jian(王健),et al. Imaging Center,1st Affil Hosp,Xinjiang Med Univ,Urumuqi 830054. Chin J Radiol 2010;44(4):397-400. Objective To analyze the MSCT imaging of vascular and biliary ducts affected by hepatic cystic

  5. Hypoxia affects performance traits and body composition of juvenile hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Performance traits and body composition of juvenile hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis) in response to hypoxia were evaluated in replicate tanks maintained at constant dissolved oxygen concentrations that averaged 23.0 +/- 2.3%, 39.7 +/- 3.0%, and 105.5 +/- 9.5% dissolved oxygen sat...

  6. "Padajushtshaja bashnja" v Pize bolshe ne samaja padajushtshaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    2008. aastal kantakse Guinnessi rekordite raamatusse kõige rohkem kaldu oleva tornina Pisa torni asemele (kalle 3,97 kraadi) Põhja-Saksamaal Suurhuseni külas asuv kirikutorn kaldega 5,19 kraadi. Pisa tornist viltusem on ka Bad Frankenhauseni kirku torn kaldega 4,3 kraadi

  7. Short-term change in kidney function and risk of end-stage renal disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Turin, Tanvir Chowdhury; Coresh, Josef; Tonelli, Marcello; Stevens, Paul E.; de Jong, Paul E.; Farmer, Christopher K. T.; Matsushita, Kunihiro; Hemmelgarn, Brenda R.

    2012-01-01

    Background. It is unclear what degree of change in the eGFR over a 1-year period indicates clinically significant progression, and whether this change adds additional information beyond that obtained by a single eGFR measure alone. Methods. We included 598 397 adults who had at least two outpatient

  8. Women Preparing for Traditionally Male Professions: Physical and Psychological Symptoms Associated with Work and Home Stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerdes, Eugenia Proctor

    1995-01-01

    Studied gender and career track influences on susceptibility to stressors. Results from 397 undergraduates show women studying for careers in traditional male professions were more susceptible to stressors than men with the same goals. Chronic job tension and home life events were stronger predictors of certain symptoms for these women than for…

  9. LOCOMOTIVE SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1992-01-01

    920733 A multi-center double blind pro-spective study of ridaura in the treatmentof rheumatoid arthritis.Ridaura Collabora-tive Study Group. ZHANG Naizheng(张乃峥)PUMC Hosp Chin J Intern Med 1992; 31(7):394-397.

  10. 77 FR 25104 - Petition for Rulemaking; Submitted by the Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 50 Petition for Rulemaking; Submitted by the Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc... raised in the petition for rulemaking (PRM), PRM-50-102, submitted by the Natural Resources Defense... the NRC's PDR reference staff at 1-800-397-4209, 301-415-4737, or by email to...

  11. Organisational Learning Approaches to School Leadership and Management: Teachers' Values and Perceptions of Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedder, David; MacBeath, John

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we report results of a survey of 1,397 teachers in 26 primary and 17 secondary schools in England as part of the Learning How to Learn project. We consider how school self-evaluation can be understood within an organisational learning frame. Factor analysis of teachers' responses helped us identify 4 dimensions of organisational…

  12. High Prevalence of Human Liver Infection by Amphimerus spp. Flukes, Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Calvopiña, Manuel; Cevallos, William; Kumazawa, Hideo; Eisenberg, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    Amphimerus spp. flukes are known to infect mammals, but human infections have not been confirmed. Microscopy of fecal samples from 397 persons from Ecuador revealed Opisthorchiidae eggs in 71 (24%) persons. Light microscopy of adult worms and scanning electron microscopy of eggs were compatible with descriptions of Amphimerus spp. This pathogen was only observed in communities that consumed undercooked fish.

  13. 78 FR 25344 - Notice of Application for Approval of Discontinuance or Modification of a Railroad Signal System

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-30

    ... North Olean at MP BR66.49 on WNYP's Buffalo Line, as well as on WNYP's Main Line from MP JC-393 to MP JC-397.86, which crosses the Buffalo Line at grade at CP Olean in Olean, NY. All power-operated switches... the petition, as well as any written communications concerning the petition, is available for...

  14. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1AIAB-1YAAA [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ryIDChain> YLLEN-ETTKN >HHHHH- ...ture>HHH ure> ATOM 446 CA LEU A 59 33.287...Chain>B 1AIAB QGFAR-GLEED ...e> - GGe> ATOM 4735 CA GLN B 226 -0.397...>1YAAA QGFATGDLDKD > HHHH>

  15. AcEST: DK956211 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BJK8|GOLI4_RAT Golgi integral membrane protein 4 OS=Rattus ... 31 5.9 sp|P18040|ENV_HV2G1 Envelope glycoprot...D + + +Y LR+Q H V+ Sbjct: 397 LHQQRLHGQLLRQQQQQQYLAREMA----QQKQADH----EEGQQQYQLRQQAHSDAVE 447 >sp|P18040|ENV_HV2G

  16. MATHEMATICAL GEOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>20080675 Chen Shucun(College of Civil Engineering,Hohai University,Nanjing 210098);Gao Zhengxia Application of a Refined BP Algorithm Based Elman Network to Settlement Prediction of Soft Soil Ground(Journal of Engineering Geology,ISSN1004-9665,CN11-3249/P,14(3),2006,p.394-397,4 illus.,2 tables,6 refs.)

  17. Household Structure and Short-Run Economic Change in Nicaragua

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winters, Paul; Stecklov, Guy; Todd, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    During the economic crises Nicaragua suffered between 2000 and 2002, a conditional cash transfer program targeting poor households began operating. Using panel data on 1,397 households from the program's experimentally designed evaluation, we examined the impact of the program on household structure. Our findings suggest that the program enabled…

  18. Motor Skill Abilities in Toddlers with Autistic Disorder, Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, and Atypical Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matson, Johnny L.; Mahan, Sara; Fodstad, Jill C.; Hess, Julie A.; Neal, Daniene

    2010-01-01

    Motor skills were assessed in 397 toddlers, and it was demonstrated that atypically developing toddlers exhibited significantly greater motor skill abilities than toddlers with autistic disorder. No significant difference on gross or fine motor skill abilities were found between atypically developing toddlers and toddlers with pervasive…

  19. Draft Genome Sequence of "Halomonas chromatireducens" Strain AGD 8-3, a Haloalkaliphilic Chromate- and Selenite-Reducing Gammaproteobacterium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharko, Fedor S; Shapovalova, Anna A; Tsygankova, Svetlana V; Komova, Anastasia V; Boulygina, Eugenia S; Teslyuk, Anton B; Gotovtsev, Pavel M; Namsaraev, Zorigto B; Khijniak, Tatiana V; Nedoluzhko, Artem V; Vasilov, Raif G

    2016-03-17

    Here, we report the complete genome sequence (3.97 Mb) of "Halomonas chromatireducens" AGD 8-3, a denitrifying bacterium capable of chromate and selenite reduction under extreme haloalkaline conditions. This strain was isolated from soda solonchak soils of the Kulunda steppe, Russian Federation.

  20. Draft Genome Sequence of “Halomonas chromatireducens” Strain AGD 8-3, a Haloalkaliphilic Chromate- and Selenite-Reducing Gammaproteobacterium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharko, Fedor S.; Shapovalova, Anna A.; Tsygankova, Svetlana V.; Komova, Anastasia V.; Boulygina, Eugenia S.; Teslyuk, Anton B.; Gotovtsev, Pavel M.; Namsaraev, Zorigto B.; Khijniak, Tatiana V.; Vasilov, Raif G.

    2016-01-01

    Here, we report the complete genome sequence (3.97 Mb) of “Halomonas chromatireducens” AGD 8-3, a denitrifying bacterium capable of chromate and selenite reduction under extreme haloalkaline conditions. This strain was isolated from soda solonchak soils of the Kulunda steppe, Russian Federation. PMID:26988058

  1. Mutuality as an Aspect of Family Functioning in Predicting Eating Disorder Symptoms in College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanftner, Jennifer L.; Cameron, Rebecca P.; Tantillo, Mary; Heigel, Caron P.; Martin, David Myron; Sippel-Silowash, Julie Ann; Taggart, Jane M.

    2006-01-01

    We examined mutuality, an aspect of Relational Cultural Theory, in an ethnically diverse sample of 397 college women from Midwestern and Western universities. We hypothesized that mutuality would predict scores on an eating disorder scale after controlling for traditional family variables, such as expressed emotion. As predicted, mutuality, as…

  2. Corn starch: Properties and processing. January 1972-December 1987 (a Bibliography from the Food Science and Technology Abstracts data base). Report for January 1972-December 1987

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This bibliography contains citations concerning corn-starch processing. The physical and chemical properties, and nutritive value of corn starch and corn starch products are considered. Studies of gamma-irradiated corn starch are included. (This updated bibliography contains 397 citations, none of which are new entries to the previous edition.)

  3. 75 FR 16488 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the treatment of cancer. The outcome of the evaluation will provide information to internal NCI... and Diagnosis Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397, Cancer Centers Support; 93.398, Cancer Research Manpower; 93.399, Cancer Control, National Institutes...

  4. 77 FR 15782 - National Cancer Institute; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-16

    ... the treatment of cancer. The outcome of the evaluation will provide information to internal NCI... and Diagnosis Research; 93.395, Cancer Treatment Research; 93.396, Cancer Biology Research; 93.397, Cancer Centers Support; 93.398, Cancer Research Manpower; 93.399, Cancer Control, National Institutes...

  5. Production of Non-Canonical Sentences in Agrammatic Aphasia: Limits in Representation or Rule Application?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchert, Frank; Meissner, Nadine; De Bleser, Ria

    2008-01-01

    The study reported here compares two linguistically informed hypotheses on agrammatic sentence production, the TPH [Friedmann, N., & Grodzinsky, Y. (1997). "Tense and agreement in agrammatic production: Pruning the syntactic tree." "Brain and Language," 56, 397-425.] and the DOP [Bastiaanse, R., & van Zonneveld, R. (2005). "Sentence production…

  6. Some Remarks on Exp-Function Method and Its Applications-A Supplement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, the authors of [Commun. Theor. Phys. 56 (2011) 397] made a number of useful observations on Exp-function method. In this study, we focus on another vital issue, namely, the misleading results of double Exp-function method. (general)

  7. Urinary endogenous sex hormone levels and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Onland-Moret, N.C.; Kaaks, R.; Noord, P.A.H. van; Rinaldi, S.; Key, T.; Grobbee, D.E.; Peeters, P.H.M.

    2003-01-01

    To assess the relation between urinary endogenous sex steroid levels and the risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, a nested case–cohort study was conducted within a large cohort (the DOM cohort) in the Netherlands (n¼9 349). Until the end of follow-up (1 January 1996), 397 postmenopausal breast canc

  8. AcEST: BP911573 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Cellular myelocytomatosis oncogene (Fragment) OS=Pseudobrama simoni Align length 39 Score (bit) 28.5 E-value... myelocytomatosis oncogene (Fragment) OS=Pseudobrama simoni GN=c-myc PE=4 SV=1 Length = 397 Score = 28.5 bit

  9. Quantitative changes in focal adhesion kinase and its inhibitor, FRNK, drive load-dependent expression of costamere components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klossner, Stephan; Li, Ruowei; Ruoss, Severin; Durieux, Anne-Cécile; Flück, Martin

    2013-09-15

    Costameres are mechanosensory sites of focal adhesion in the sarcolemma that reinforce the muscle-fiber composite and provide an anchor for myofibrillogenesis. We hypothesized that elevated content of the integrin-associated regulator of costamere turnover in culture, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), drives changes in costamere component content in antigravity muscle in a load-dependent way in correspondence with altered muscle weight. The content of FAK in soleus muscle being phosphorylated at autoregulatory tyrosine 397 (FAK-pY397) was increased after 20 s of stretch. FAK-pY397 content remained elevated after 24 h of stretch-overload due to upregulated FAK content. Overexpression of FAK in soleus muscle fibers by means of gene electrotransfer increased the β1-integrin (+56%) and meta-vinculin (+88%) content. α7-Integrin (P = 0.46) and γ-vinculin (P = 0.18) content was not altered after FAK overexpression. Co-overexpression of the FAK inhibitor FAK-related nonkinase (FRNK) reduced FAK-pY397 content by 33% and increased the percentage of fast-type fibers that arose in connection with hybrid fibers with gene transfer. Transplantation experiments confirmed the association of FRNK expression with slow-to-fast fiber transformation. Seven days of unloading blunted the elevation of FAK-pY397, β1-integrin, and meta-vinculin content with FAK overexpression, and this was reversed by 1 day of reloading. The results highlight that the expression of components for costameric attachment sites of myofibrils is under load- and fiber type-related control via FAK and its inhibitor FRNK.

  10. Sonic hedgehog regulates osteoblast function by focal adhesion kinase signaling in the process of fracture healing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuu Horikiri

    Full Text Available Several biological studies have indicated that hedgehog signaling plays an important role in osteoblast proliferation and differentiation, and sonic hedgehog (SHH expression is positively correlated with phosphorylated focal adhesion kinase (FAK Tyr(397. However, the relationship between them and their role in the process of normal fracture repair has not been clarified yet. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that SHH and pFAK Tyr(397 were expressed in bone marrow cells and that pFAK Tyr(397 was also detected in ALP-positive osteoblasts near the TRAP-positive osteoclasts in the fracture site in the ribs of mice on day 5 after fracture. SHH and pFAK Tyr(397 were detectable in osteoblasts near the hypertrophic chondrocytes on day 14. In vitro analysis showed that SHH up-regulated the expression of FAK mRNA and pFAK Tyr(397 time dependently in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Functional analysis revealed that 5 lentivirus encoding short hairpin FAK RNAs (shFAK-infected MC3T3-E1 cell groups displayed a round morphology and decreased proliferation, adhesion, migration, and differentiation. SHH stimulated the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells, but had no effect on the shFAK-infected cells. SHH also stimulated osteoclast formation in a co-culture system containing MC3T3-E1 and murine CD11b(+ bone marrow cells, but did not affect the shFAK-infected MC3T3-E1 co-culture group. These data suggest that SHH signaling was activated in osteoblasts at the dynamic remodeling site of a bone fracture and regulated their proliferation and differentiation, as well as osteoclast formation, via FAK signaling.

  11. PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH LOGAM BERAT INDUSTRI TEKSTIL MENGGUNAKAN FOTOKATALIS TiO2/ARANG AKTIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapti Riyani

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Study about the use of active charcoal rice straws (AAJP was done in order to decrease heavy metal ion on textile waste water by using photocatalyst AAJP/TiO2. Rice straws were gained from the Banyumas Regency and samples textile waste water from one of textile industry in Pemalang. This study was begun by the making of active charcoal from the rice straws, and then the modification of photocatalyst AAJP/TiO2 was done with the comparison 1:99, 2:98, 3:97, 4:96, 5:95. The test of heavy metal ion photoreduction was done with some parameters such as weight comparison (1:99, 2:98, 3:97, 4:96, 5:95, pH effect (2, 5, 7, 9, 13 and the effect of ray source (sun light and the UV lamp. Analysis of photocatalyst material used SEM and heavy metal ion concentration used AAS. Results show that optimum photocatalyst activity in weight comparison AAJP300oC / TiO2 (1:99 with decrease concentration was 65.02% for heavy metal ion, mean while AAJP700oC / TiO2 (3:97 with decreased concentration of heavy metal ion is 94.50%. Optimal process for heavy metal ion reduction occur at pH 2 with decreased concentration of heavy metal ion for AAJP300oC / TiO2 (1:99 is 99.87% and for AAJP700oC /TiO2 (3:97 is 100%. The source of UV lamp was good for heavy metal ion photoreduction (AAJP300oC/TiO2(1:99 was 99.87% and AAJP700oC/TiO2 (3:97 was 100%

  12. CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL Y FACTORES DE RIESGO EN ESTUDIANTES DE DOS UNIVERSIDADES COLOMBIANAS. (ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND RISK FACTORS IN STUDENTS OF TWO COLOMBIAN UNIVERSITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Hugo Cano Bedoya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue identificar factores de riesgo del consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios colombianos. Participaron 397 mujeres y 312 hombres, estudiantes de dos universidades privadas y católicas de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia. Los resultados identificaron como factores de riesgo las dificultades para decir “no” a la gente (p=0.012 y el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas por miembros de la familia (p=0.022.Abstract:The objective of the current research was to identify the risk factors associated to alcohol consumption of Colombian University students. 397 women and 312 men, students from two private and Catholic universities in the city of Medellín (Colombia took part in it. The results identified as risk factors the difficulties to say 'no' to the people (p=0.012 and the consumption of psychoactive substances by members of the family (p=0.022.

  13. Drug: D10060 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10060 Drug Abexinostat (USAN) C21H23N3O5 397.1638 397.4244 D10060.gif Antineoplast...ic histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitor [HSA:3065 3066 8841 9759 10014 10013 51564 55869 9734 83933] [KO:K...n of drugs [BR:br08310] Enzymes Hydrolases histone deacetylase [HSA:3065 3066 8841 9759 10014 10013 51564 55...869 9734 83933] [KO:K06067 K11404 K11405 K11406 K11407 K11408 K11409] Abexinostat D10060 Abexinostat (USAN) ...CAS: 783355-60-2 PubChem: 135626780 LigandBox: D10060 ATOM 29 1 C8y C 11.9700 -15

  14. Brilliant Green Dye Elimination from Water Using Psidium guajava Leaves and Solanum tuberosum Peels as Adsorbents in Environmentally Benign Way

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rabia Rehman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to check the feasibility of Psidium guajava (Guava leaves and peels of Solanum tuberosum (Potato as biosorbents in removal of Brilliant Green (BG in batch mode. Surface analysis of biosorbents was done by FT-IR and quantitatively analyzed by Boehm titration. The removal of dye was confirmed by UV-VIS spectroscopy. Isothermal modeling was studied by using Langmuir, Freundlich, and Temkin isotherms. Various isothermal parameters for adsorption of Brilliant Green such as qm=1.075 mg/g, 1.173 mg/g ΔG°=-3.397, and −2.397 KJ/mol were noted for Solanum tuberosum peels (PP and Psidium guajava leaves (GL, respectively. Similarly pH, moisture content, and various metals were quantitatively analyzed. Results showed that leaves of Psidium guajava were more effective for removal of Brilliant Green.

  15. Geometric orbit datum and orbit covers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIANG; Ke(

    2001-01-01

    [1]Vogan, D. , Dixmier algebras, sheets and representation theory (in Actes du colloque en I' honneur de Jacques Dixmier),Progress in Math. 92, Boston: Birkhauser Verlag, 1990, 333-397.[2]McGovern, W., Dixmier Algebras and Orbit Method, Operator Algebras, Unitary Representations and Invariant Theory,Boston: Birkhauser, 1990, 397-416.[3]Liang, K. , Parabolic inductions of nilpotent geometric orbit datum, Chinese Science Bulletin (in Chinese) , 1996, 41 (23):2116-2118.[4]Vogan, D., Representations of Real Reductive Lie Groups, Boston-Basel-Stuttgart: Birkhauser, 1981.[5]Lustig, G., Spaltenstein, N., Induced unipotent class, J. London Math. Soc., 1997, 19. 41-52.[6]Collingwood, D. H. , McGovern, W. M. , Nilpotent Orbits in Semisimple Lie Algebras, New York: Van Nostremt Reinhold,1993.

  16. American State Gun Law Strength and State Resident Differences in Neuroticism Levels

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart J. H. McCann; Chantelle Zawila

    2016-01-01

    Relations between state gun law strength and state-aggregated levels of Republican leaning, gun ownership, and resident Big Five neuroticism (based on 619,397 residents nationally) were determined in a state-level analysis of the 50 American states using multiple regression strategies with state socioeconomic status, white population percent, and urban population percent statistically controlled. In a standard hierarchical model with state gun law strength as the criterion, the three demograp...

  17. The relationship between the rate of melatonin excretion and sleep consolidation for locomotive engineers in natural sleep settings

    OpenAIRE

    Roach, Gregory D.; Reid, Kathryn J.; Ferguson, Sally; Dawson, Drew

    2006-01-01

    Background: The aim of the study was to examine the role that melatonin production plays in the regulation of sleep consolidation in a population of shiftworkers working and sleeping in their natural environments.Methods: 253 locomotive engineers (249 male, 4 female, mean age = 39.7 years) participated in the study for a 2-week period whilst working their normal roster patterns. Participants recorded details for all sleep periods in a sleep diary and collected urine samples during each day's ...

  18. Stent for Life in Portugal: This initiative is here to stay

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, H.; Pinto, FJ; Calé, R; Pereira, E.; J. MARQUES; De Almeida, M.; Mello, S.; Dias Martins, L; behalf of the participating centres in the Stent for Life Initiative in Portugal

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: Portugal has one of the lowest rates of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) in Western Europe. This study assessed the progress of Portuguese p-PCI performance indicators one year after Portugal joined the Stent for Life (SFL) initiative. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two national surveys were carried out, each covering a period of one month: the first when Portugal joined the SFL in 2011 (Moment Zero), and the second one year later (Moment One). A total of 397 consecutiv...

  19. Children and youth perceive smoking messages in an unbranded advertisement from a NIKE marketing campaign: a cluster randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Mark; Auger Nathalie; Knäuper Bärbel; Raynault Marie-France; Pless Barry

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background How youth perceive marketing messages in sports is poorly understood. We evaluated whether youth perceive that the imagery of a specific sports marketing advertisement contained smoking-related messages. Methods Twenty grade 7 to 11 classes (397 students) from two high schools in Montréal, Canada were recruited to participate in a cluster randomised single-blind controlled trial. Classes were randomly allocated to either a NIKE advertisement containing the phrase 'LIGHT IT...

  20. Edueufooriast tekkinud eelarvekriis / Janno Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Janno, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    Kui 1997. a. pandi riigieelarvesse 39,7% SKT-st, siis 2005. a. 35,7%. Neljaprotsendine ühisraha osatähtsuse langus tähendab 2009. aastal, et valitsussektori käsutuses on 12 mld. krooni vähem kui olnuks 1997. a. osalusmäära korral. Autori sõnul on inimareng õhukese riigi poliitikaga lepitamatus vastuolus kogu maailmas

  1. Sexuality-related work discrimination and its association with the health of sexual minority emerging and young adult men in the Detroit Metro Area

    OpenAIRE

    Bauermeister, José A.; Meanley, Steven; Hickok, Andrew; Pingel, Emily; VanHemert, William; Loveluck, Jimena

    2013-01-01

    Discrimination has been linked to negative health outcomes among minority populations. The increasing evidence regarding health disparities among sexual minorities has underscored the importance of addressing sexuality discrimination as a public health issue. We conducted a web-based survey between May and September of 2012 in order to obtain a diverse sample of young men who have sex with men (ages 18–29; N = 397; 83% gay; 49% Black, 27% White, 15% Latino) living in the Detroit Metro Area (M...

  2. Study on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Poplar Modified by Phenol-formaldehyde Resin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Impregnation method can effectively improve physical and mechanical properties of wood. In this study, plantation poplar lumbers are impregnated by a low molecular weight phenol-formaldehyde resin solution with concentration of 30% under vacuum-pressure process, and then dried and machined according to the related standards. The results show that the physical and mechanical properties of poplar can be improved by the treatment, except for toughness. The average density of poplar increases from 0.397 to 0.71...

  3. Measuring Social Capital Investment: Scale Development and Examination of Links to Social Capital and Perceived Stress

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Xinguang; Wang, Peigang; Wegner, Rhiana; Gong, Jie; FANG, XIAOYI; Kaljee, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Individuals with greater social capital have better health outcomes. Investment in social capital likely increases one’s own social capital, bearing great implications for disease prevention and health promotion. In this study, the authors developed and validated the Social Capital Investment Inventory (SCII). Direct effects of social capital investment on perceived stress, and indirect effects through social capital were examined. 397 Participants from Beijing and Wuhan, China completed surv...

  4. 78 FR 12648 - Airworthiness Directives; Robinson Helicopter Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-25

    ..., 2011, we issued AD 2011-12-10, amendment 39-16717 (76 FR 35330, June 17, 2011) (AD 2011-12-10) for... typographical error in AD 2011-12-10 on March 5, 2012 (77 FR 12991). AD 2011-12-10 requires a pilot check of the..., Amendment 39-15314 (73 FR 397, January 3, 2008) (AD 2007-26-12) which requires a one-time visual...

  5. Kidney volume and function in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    OpenAIRE

    Higashihara, Eiji; Nutahara, Kikuo; Okegawa, Takatsugu; Shishido, Toshihide; Tanbo, Mitsuhiro; Kobayasi, Kuninori; Nitadori, Toshiaki

    2013-01-01

    Background The significance of total kidney volume (TKV) as a biomarker of kidney function in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is controversial and has been reappraised. Methods Between 2007 and 2012, 64 patients were followed with a mean 39.7-month observation period. TKV measurements by magnetic resonance imaging and estimation of renal function with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation and 24-h urine creati...

  6. AcEST: BP920584 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available lici... 39 6e-05 tr|Q9SP93|Q9SP93_9ASTR Thiol protease OS=Matricaria chamomilla G... 40 1e-04 tr|A9PHQ3|A9PH...Q9SP93_9ASTR Thiol protease OS=Matricaria chamomilla GN=ctp PE=2 SV=1 Length = 501 Score = 39.7 bits (91), E

  7. Does self-esteem affect body dissatisfaction levels in female adolescents?☆

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo de Sousa FORTES; Cipriani, Flávia Marcele; Coelho, Fernanda Dias; Paes, Santiago Tavares; Maria Elisa Caputo FERREIRA

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the influence of self-esteem on levels of body dissatisfaction among adolescent females. Methods: A group of 397 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years were enrolled in the study. The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was applied to assess body dissatisfaction. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale was used to assess self-esteem. Weight, height, and skinfold thickness were also measured. These anthropometric data were controlled in the statistical analyses. Results: The multiple regres...

  8. Implications of dam obstruction for global freshwater fish diversity

    OpenAIRE

    Reidy Liermann, Catherine; Nilsson, Christer; Robertson, James; Ng, Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Dams are obstructing rivers worldwide, impairing habitat and migration opportunities for many freshwater fish species; however, global data linking dam and fish distributions have been limited. Here, we quantify dam obstruction at the biogeographic scale of freshwater ecoregion, which provides the spatial framework necessary to assess the risk of fish species loss due to dams and allows us to identify both ecoregions and genera at risk. Nearly 50% of the 397 assessed freshwater ecoregions are...

  9. Mortality Risks Associated with Average Drinking Level and Episodic Heavy Drinking

    OpenAIRE

    Schoenborn, CA; Stommel, V.; Ward, B

    2014-01-01

    Data from the 1997–2004 National Health Interview Survey Sample Adult questionnaires were linked to the National Death Index (N=242,397) to examine mortality risks associated with average and episodic heavy drinking. Cox proportional hazard models (Stata 12.0) revealed that (average) heavier drinkers and episodic heavy drinkers (5+ in a day) had increased mortality risks but when examined together, episodic heavy drinking added only modest to the mortality risks of light and moderate drinkers...

  10. Digoxin use and risk of mortality in hypertensive patients with atrial fibrillation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Okin, Peter M; Hille, Darcy A; Wachtell, Kristian;

    2015-01-01

    follow-up (n = 803), randomly assigned to losartan or atenolol-based treatment, in post-hoc analysis of a substudy of the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint Reduction in hypertension (LIFE) trial. During 4.7 ± 1.1 years of mean follow-up, 167 patients died (17.8%) and 372 (39.7%) were treated...

  11. New Radiometric Ages for the BH-1 Hominin from Balanica (Serbia): Implications for Understanding the Role of the Balkans in Middle Pleistocene Human Evolution

    OpenAIRE

    William J Rink; Mercier, Norbert; Mihailović, Dušan; Mike W Morley; Thompson, Jeroen W.; Roksandic, Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Newly obtained ages, based on electron spin resonance combined with uranium series isotopic analysis, and infrared/post-infrared luminescence dating, provide a minimum age that lies between 397 and 525 ka for the hominin mandible BH-1 from Mala Balanica cave, Serbia. This confirms it as the easternmost hominin specimen in Europe dated to the Middle Pleistocene. Inferences drawn from the morphology of the mandible BH-1 place it outside currently observed variation of European Homo heidelbergen...

  12. Integrating Systems Thinking Into Nursing Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Janet M; Stalter, Ann M

    2016-09-01

    A critical need exists for nursing leadership in current complex health care settings. Systems thinking can be incorporated into nursing education at all levels by using evidence-based principles in education. Teaching tips are provided using a systems awareness model to guide nurse educators in the assessment and integration of systems thinking and engaging learners in interprofessional education and practice. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2016;47(9):395-397. PMID:27580505

  13. Group acceptance and emotional competence of preadolescent children

    OpenAIRE

    Petrović Jelica; Zotović Marija

    2007-01-01

    This study examines contribution of emotional competence on socially competent behavior of preadolescents. The following emotional competencies were registered in 397 children: emotion recognition, emotional regulation, empathy and style of coping with aversive emotions. Discriminant analysis was conducted in order to identify emotional competencies that differentiate among the groups of participants with different levels of social preference. The data showed that groups of popular children, ...

  14. A QSPR Study of Sweetness Potency Using the CODESSA Program

    OpenAIRE

    Alan R. Katritzky; Petrukhin, Ruslan; Perumal, Subbu; Karelson, Mati; Prakash, Indra; Desai, Nitin

    2002-01-01

    A total of 397 natural and artificial comprehensively referenced sweeteners were classified by their structures into nine sets. The sweetness potencies were correlated with quantum Chemical and other molecular descriptors using the heuristic and the best multi-linear regression methods of the CODESSA software package. QSPR models (two-parameter unless otherwise indicated) emerged for each subclass of sweeteners with R2 values of 0.835 for 47 aldoximes, 0.959 for 8 acesulfamates, 0.919 for 9 s...

  15. Consumer Empowerment Profile in Rural and Urban Area

    OpenAIRE

    Megawati Simanjuntak; Siti Amanah; Herien Puspitawati; Pang. S. Asngari

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to analyze the profile of consumer empowerment and the influence of demographic characteristics, socio-economic status and cosmopoliteness on consumer empowerment in rural and urban area. The research finding indicated a low consumer empowerment in urban and rural area. In general, most respondents who were not categorized as empowered consumer were aged >37 years old, working in rural areas, included in income category ranged IDR 397,874.57/capita/month both ...

  16. C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检临床应用分析%Clinical application of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy guided by C-arm X-ray perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张华

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨DSA设备C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率及临床应用价值。方法应用半自动活检针在C臂透视引导下进行经皮肺穿刺活检397例患者,分析其影像学及临床表现。结果397例患者中穿刺成功率99.75%,经手术病理证实诊断准确率99.54%,并发症发生率11.62%。结论 C臂透视引导下经皮肺穿刺活检成功率高、诊断准确并发症低,具有较高的临床应用价值。%Objective To probe into the cure rate ,diagnostic rate ,diagnostic accuracy ,complication rate and clinical value of percutaneous aspiration lung biopsy (PALB) guided by C‐arm X‐ray perspective under DSA .Methods The appli‐cation of semi automatic biopsy needle was retrospectively analyzed in 397 treated cases of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray per‐spective .Results Among the 397 patients studied ,the puncture success ratio was 99 .75% ,the diagnostic rate 100% , the diagnostic accuracy proved by operation and pathology was 99 .54% and the complication rate was 11 .62% .Conclusion The high cure rate ,diagnostic rate and diagnostic accuracy of PALB under C‐arm X‐ray with low complication rate have proved that it is a safe ,simple and effective diagnostic method ,which is of great clinical application value .

  17. Annual Report on SPR Operation in 2002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    1 Information of operation SPR is operated for 2 727.983 h in 2002, the reactor’s rated power is 3.5 MW,and the total releasedenergy is 397.831 MW d Times of reactor’s operation and non-plan shut-down are 20 and 37,respectively. The pH and resistivity of primary loop water is 5.8 and 66.7×10~4Ω·cm, respectively;

  18. A Study Analyzing the Association between Post-Traumatic Embitterment Disorder and Workplace Bullying

    OpenAIRE

    KARATUNA, Işıl; GÖK, Sibel

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between perceived victimization from workplace bullying and self-reported embitterment reactions. Data were obtained through anonymous questionnaires from 397 participants working in the public sector. Among the participants, 23.9% were labeled as victims of bullying. Significant differences were observed in the mean scores of posttraumatic embitterment disorder between victims and nonvictims and experiencing bullying was found to be...

  19. Evaluation of Mechanisms of Alteration and Humification of PAHs for Water Quality Management

    OpenAIRE

    Sims, Ronald C.; Abbott, Carolyn K.

    1992-01-01

    Introduction: Creosote-pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a mixture commonly used as a wood preservative in the U.S. (1). A 1988 survey (2) indicated that 1,397 wood preserving waste contaminated sites exist in the United States consisting of 555 active wood treatment plants and 842 inactive plants. Stinson (3) indentifed 58 wood preserving sites on the National Priorities List, of which 51 have PCP and/or creosote or po...

  20. 2010年欧洲肝脏研究协会《肝硬化腹水、自发性细菌性腹膜炎、肝肾综合征临床实践指南》简介%Introduction to EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis (2010)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯鑫

    2011-01-01

    @@ 欧洲肝脏研究学会(European Association for the Study of the Liver,EASL)制定的已于2010年9月正式发表(Gines P, Angeli P, Lenz K, et al.EASL clinical practice guidelines on the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome in cirrhosis [J].J Hepatol,2010, 53(3): 397-417.),现将其推荐意见介绍如下.

  1. Detection of subclinical peste des petits ruminants virus infection in experimental cattle

    OpenAIRE

    Sen, A; Saravanan, P; V. Balamurugan; Bhanuprakash, V.; G. Venkatesan; Sarkar, J.; Rajak, K. K.; Ahuja, A.; Yadav, V; Sudhakar, S. B.; Parida, S.; Singh, R. K.

    2014-01-01

    The present study was undertaken to investigate the possible involvement of cattle in the epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants (PPR) as subclinical carriers. Cattle were exposed experimentally to PPR virus (PPRV) infection or placed in contact with PPR infected goats. Clinical samples including heparinized/EDTA blood, plasma, peripheral blood monocyte cells (PBMCs) and clotted blood (for serum) were collected periodically from 21 days post infection (dpi) to 397 dpi (21, 45, 50, 57, 65,...

  2. PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS: A CROSS SECTIONAL SURVEY

    OpenAIRE

    Roshini Rajappan; Karthikeyan Selvaganapathy; Lola Liew

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objective: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Physical inactivity levels are rising in developing countries and Malaysia is of no exception. Malaysian Adult Nutrition Survey 2003 reported that the prevalence of physical inactivity was 39.7% and the prevalence was higher for women (42.6%) than men (36.7%). In Malaysia, the National Health and Morbidity Survey 2006 reported that 43.7% (5.5 million) of Malaysian adults were physically inact...

  3. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Malay Version Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire Tested among Mothers of Primary School Children in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Shamarina Shohaimi; Wong Yoke Wei; Zalilah Mohd Shariff

    2014-01-01

    Comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire (CFPQ) is an instrument specifically developed to evaluate parental feeding practices. It has been confirmed among children in America and applied to populations in France, Norway, and New Zealand. In order to extend the application of CFPQ, we conducted a factor structure validation of the translated version of CFPQ (CFPQ-M) using confirmatory factor analysis among mothers of primary school children (N = 397) in Malaysia. Several items were modif...

  4. Crosslinked Polymer Injection Showing Notable Effectiveness in Shengli Oilfields

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Shouzeng

    1994-01-01

    @@ After more than half a year of crosslinked polymer inection test, oil production increased notably in western district No.7 of Gudong Oil Production Plant, Shengli Oilfields. In the test area, through the test daily fluid production increased from 397.9 tons to 434.6 tons and daily oil production increased from 79.6 to 101.3 tons, but comprehensive water cut dropped from 80.6% to 79.6%.

  5. Assessing Eating Disorder Risk: The Pivotal Role of Achievement Anxiety, Depression and Female Gender in Non-Clinical Samples

    OpenAIRE

    Christos C. Frangos; Fragkos, Konstantinos C.

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to assess factors predicting eating disorder risk in a sample of undergraduate students. A structured questionnaire was employed on a random sample (n = 1865) consisting of the following sections: demographics, SCOFF (Sick, Control, One stone, Fat, Food) questionnaire for screening eating disorders and the Achievement Anxiety Test and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale. The students at risk for eating disorders (SCOFF score ≥2) were 39.7%. Eating d...

  6. Epidemiological aspects of enteroparasitosis at daycare centers in the city of Botucatu, State of São Paulo, Brazil Aspectos epidemiológicos das enteroparasitoses em creches na cidade de Botucatu, Estado de São Paulo, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Luciene Maura Mascarini; Maria Rita Donalisio

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of intestinal parasites in children and staff members of 5 municipal daycare centers in Botucatu/SP. Two cross-sectional studies were carried out in 2002 (N=379) and 2003 (N=397) and a longitudinal observational experiment in which the children from 2002 and 2003 were evaluated for a year. Questionnaires were given to staff members and parents of the children, where the following variables were recorded: socioeconomic status, sanitary habits...

  7. Complete Genome Sequence of Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 19A, a Blood Clinical Isolate from Northeast Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinojosa-Robles, Rosa Maria; Barcenas-Walls, Jose Ramon; Vignau-Cantu, Armando; Barrera-Saldaña, Hugo A.

    2016-01-01

    We report here the draft genome sequence of a Streptococcus pneumoniae strain isolated in Monterrey, Mexico, MTY1662SN214, from a man with purpura fulminans. The strain belongs to the invasive and multidrug-resistant serogroup 19A, sequence type 320 (ST320). The draft genome sequence consists of 60 large contigs, a total of 2,069,474 bp, and has a G+C content of 39.7%. PMID:27034499

  8. Efficacy and safety of brinzolamide/timolol fixed combination compared with timolol in Japanese patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension [Erratum

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshikawa K; Kozaki J; Maeda H

    2014-01-01

     Yoshikawa K, Kozaki J, Maeda H. Efficacy and safety of brinzolamide/timolol fixed combination compared with timolol in Japanese patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Clin Ophthalmol. 2014;8:389–399.The Acknowledgments on page 397 contains an error: "Hidehito Kawabata (Kusakari Eye Clinic, Chiba, Japan)" should be "Hidehito Kawabata (Kawabata Eye Clinic, Chiba, Japan)".Read the original article

  9. Efficacy and safety of brinzolamide/timolol fixed combination compared with timolol in Japanese patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension [Erratum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshikawa K

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available  Yoshikawa K, Kozaki J, Maeda H. Efficacy and safety of brinzolamide/timolol fixed combination compared with timolol in Japanese patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. Clin Ophthalmol. 2014;8:389–399.The Acknowledgments on page 397 contains an error: "Hidehito Kawabata (Kusakari Eye Clinic, Chiba, Japan" should be "Hidehito Kawabata (Kawabata Eye Clinic, Chiba, Japan".Read the original article

  10. De diversis quaestionibus ad Augustinum: Simpliciano e l'origenismo milanese

    OpenAIRE

    Belcastro, Mauro

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the article is an overview of the reasons who led in 397 Simplicianus of Milan to request to Augustine a clarification about Origenian theological and scriptural interpretation on freedom and grace. The principal hypothesis is that Simplicianus was waiting for a response from Augustine in support of Milan’s ‘Origenism’: the Ambrosian purpose was in fact the creation of a local strong church, both politically and theologically, supported by ‘exportable’ rational principles (Milan, c...

  11. Detection and counting of Nitrobacter populations in soil by PCR.

    OpenAIRE

    Degrange, V; Bardin, R

    1995-01-01

    Although the biological conversion of nitrite to nitrate is a well-known process, studies of Nitrobacter populations are hindered by their physiological characteristics. This report describes a new method for detecting and counting Nitrobacter populations in situ with the PCR. Two primers from the 16S rRNA gene were used to generate a 397-bp fragment by amplification of Nitrobacter species DNA. No signal was detected from their phylogenetic neighbors or the common soil bacteria tested. Extrac...

  12. Canadian oncology nurse work environments: part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakker, Debra; Conlon, Michael; Fitch, Margaret; Green, Esther; Butler, Lorna; Olson, Karin; Cummings, Greta

    2012-03-01

    In the aftermath of healthcare restructuring, it is important to pay attention to nurses' perceptions of workplace and professional practice factors that attract nurses and influence their retention. Continuing constraints on cancer care systems make the issue of health human resources an ongoing priority. This paper presents the findings of a follow-up study of a cohort of Canadian oncology nurses that aimed to compare nurses' perceptions of their work environment, job satisfaction and retention over a two-year period. Participants of the follow-up survey represented 65% (397/615) of the initial cohort. Many similar perceptions about the work environment were found over two years; however, at follow-up a larger proportion of nurses reported an absence of enough RNs to provide quality care and a lack of support for innovative ideas. With respect to career status, only 6% (25/397) of the follow-up sample had left oncology nursing. However, the proportion of nurses declaring an intention to leave their current job increased from 6.4% (39/615) on the initial survey to 26% (102/397) on the follow-up survey. Findings suggest that decision-makers need to use both the growing body of workplace knowledge and the input from staff nurses to implement changes that positively influence nurse recruitment and retention. Future research should focus on the implementation and evaluation of strategies that address workplace issues such as nurse staffing adequacy, leadership and organizational commitment. PMID:22469763

  13. A Co-Dominant Marker BoE332 Applied to Marker-Assisted Selection of Homozygous Male-Sterile Plants in Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Chen; ZHUANG Mu; FANG Zhi-yuan; WANG Qing-biao; ZHANG Yang-yong; LIU Yu-mei; YANG Li-mei; CHENG Fei

    2013-01-01

    The dominant genic male sterility (DGMS) gene CDMs399-3 derived from a spontaneous mutation in the line 79-399-3 of spring cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.), has been successfully applied in hybrid seed production of several cabbage cultivars in China. During the development of dominant male sterility lines in cabbage, the conventional identification of homozygous male-sterile plants (CDMs399-3/CDMs399-3) is a laborious and time-consuming process. For marker-assisted selection (MAS) of the gene CDMs399-3 transferred into key spring cabbage line 397, expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeats (EST-SSR) and SSR technology were used to identify markers that were linked to CDMs399-3 based on method of bulked segregant analysis (BSA). By screening a set of 978 EST-SSRs and 395 SSRs, a marker BoE332 linked to the CDMs399-3 at a distance of 3.6 cM in the genetic background of cabbage line 397 were identified. 7 homozygous male-sterile plants in population P1170 with 20 plants were obtained finally via MAS of BoE332. Thus, BoE332 will greatly facilitate the transferring of the gene CDMs399-3 into the key spring cabbage line 397 and improve the application of DGMS in cabbage hybrid breeding.

  14. Application of Western Medicine Diagnostic Techniques in Criteria of Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect of Diseases and Syndromes in TCM%西医诊断技术在现行中医病证诊断及疗效标准中的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国平; 王博; 李红方; 姚晓光; 梁文杰

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨西医诊断技术在现行中医病证诊断及疗效标准中的应用,分析其对于中医诊疗的价值.方法 参阅国家中医药管理局颁布的现行,提取分析其中的西医诊断学内容并计算涉及学科的百分比.结果 9个中医学科"诊断依据"和"疗效评定"标准的设定均涉及西医诊断技术,但仅4个学科的"证候分类"标准涉及.397个病种中有77.3%(307/397)的"诊断依据"涉及西医诊断技术,有38.3%(152/397)的"疗效评定"涉及,但仅7.6%(30/397)的"证候分类"涉及.不同中医学科之间涉及率有较大差异,骨伤科的"诊断依据"涉及西医诊断技术最多,涉及率为98.2%(111/113);肛肠科的"疗效评定"涉及最多,涉及率为82.4%(14/17);骨伤科的"证候分类"涉及最多,涉及率为18.6%(21/113).不同诊断技术之间涉及率亦有较大差异,在"诊断依据"中,影像诊断涉及最多,涉及率为43.6%(173/397),其次是实验诊断与物理诊断;在"疗效评定"中,物理诊断涉及最多,涉及率为21.9%(87/397),其次是实验诊断与影像诊断.检查项目分别以X线成像、血液细胞分析及触诊等应用最多.结论 西医诊断技术在现行中医病证诊断及疗效标准中的应用具有普遍性和差异性,尤其对于中医辨病诊断及疗效评定有重要价值并渐趋成熟,但在辨证中的作用尚需进一步研究.%Objective To investigate the application and value of western medicine diagnostic techniques in Criteria of Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect of Diseases and Syndromes in TCM. Methods Western medicine diagnoses in Criteria of Diagnosis and Therapeutic Effect of Diseases and Syndromes in TCM issued by State Administration of TCM were extracted and analyzed. Results The " diagnostic evidence" and " therapeutic effect evaluation" criteria in all the nine TCM subjects, and " syndrome classification" criteria in four subjects involved western medicine diagnostic techniques. The " diagnostic evidence

  15. Cholinesterase inhibition and behavioral toxicity of carbofuran on Oreochromis niloticus early life stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pessoa, P C; Luchmann, K H; Ribeiro, A B; Veras, M M; Correa, J R M B; Nogueira, A J; Bainy, A C D; Carvalho, P S M

    2011-10-01

    Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus at 9 days post-hatch were exposed in semi-static experiments to the carbamate insecticide carbofuran, which is applied in agricultural systems in Brazil. Although the molecular mechanism of carbofuran toxicity is well known, a detailed understanding of the ecological mechanisms through which carbofuran effects can propagate towards higher levels of biological organization in fish is incomplete. Mortality rates were quantified for larvae exposed for 96 h to 8.3, 40.6, 69.9, 140, 297 and 397 μg/L carbofuran, and the LC(50) 96 h was 214.7 μg/L. In addition, the biochemical biomarker cholinesterase inhibition and behavioral biomarkers related to vision, swimming, prey capture and predator avoidance were quantified in individual larvae, as well as their growth in weight. The behavioral parameters were quantified by analysis of digitally recorded videos of individual larvae within appropriate experimental setups. The activity of the enzyme cholinesterase decreased after exposure to carbofuran with a lowest observed effects concentration (LOEC) of 69.9 μg/L. Visual acuity deficits were detected after carbofuran exposure with a LOEC of 40.6 μg/L. Swimming speed decreased with carbofuran exposure, with a LOEC of 397.6 μg/L. The number of attacks to prey (Daphnia magna nauplii) decreased in larvae exposed to carbofuran, with a LOEC of 397.6 μg/L. Growth in weight was significantly reduced in a dose dependent manner, and all carbofuran groups exhibited a statistically significant decrease in growth when compared to controls (pcarbofuran, and the LOEC was 69.9 μg/L. These results show that exposure of sensitive early life stages of tilapia O. niloticus to sublethal concentrations of carbofuran can affect fundamental aspects of fish larval ecology that are relevant to recruitment of fish populations, and that can be better understood by the application of behavioral biomarkers.

  16. Development of a high-resolution bathymetry dataset for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coleman, Andre M.; Ward, Duane L.; Larson, Kyle B.; Lettrick, Joseph W.

    2010-10-08

    A bathymetric and topographic data collection and processing effort involving existing and newly collected data has been performed for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach in central Washington State, extending 60-miles from the tailrace of Priest Rapids Dam (river mile 397) to near the vicinity of the Interstate 182 bridge just upstream of the Yakima River confluence (river mile 337). The contents of this report provide a description of the data collections, data inputs, processing methodology, and final data quality assessment used to develop a comprehensive and continuous merged 1m resolution bathymetric and topographic surface dataset for the Columbia River through the Hanford Reach.

  17. Subclinical Vitamin D Insufficiency in Korean School-aged Children

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Sang Woo; Kang, Ha Ra; Kim, Han Gyum; Kim, Joo Hyun; Uhm, Ji Hyun; Seo, Ji Young

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Recently, vitamin D insufficiency has increased and has been correlated to growth and puberty in children. This study was conducted to find the prevalence of subclinical vitamin D insufficiency and its influence on school-aged children in Korea. Methods The subjects of this study were 397 children aged 7 to 15 years who had been tested for 25-OH vitamin D3 among the outpatients of the Department of Pediatrics in Eulji General Hospital from March 2007 to February 2011. Data for age, se...

  18. Thrombin promotes platelet-mediated melanoma cell adhesion to endothelial cells under flow conditions: role of platelet glycoproteins P-selectin and GPIIb-IIIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Dardik, R.; Savion, N; Kaufmann, Y; D. Varon

    1998-01-01

    We investigated the role of platelets in human melanoma cell (line 397) interaction with vascular endothelial cells (ECs) under flow conditions. The ability of the tumour cells to adhere to the EC monolayer was significantly reduced by application of flow at a shear rate of 250 s(-1). A 2.2-fold increase in tumour cell adhesion to ECs under flow was observed upon addition of thrombin receptor agonist peptide (TRAP)-activated platelets but not resting platelets. A similar increase (2.5-fold) i...

  19. Determining Recoverable and Irrecoverable Contributions to Accumulated Strain in a NiTiPd High-Temperature Shape Memory Alloy During Thermomechanical Cycling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroe, J. A.; Karaman, I.; Lagoudas, D. C.; Bigelow, G.; Noebe, R. D.; Padula, S., II

    2011-01-01

    When Ni(29.5)Ti(50.5)Pd30 shape memory alloy is thermally cycled under stress, significant strain can accumulate due to elasticity, remnant oriented martensite and plasticity. The strain due to remnant martensite can be recovered by further thermal cycling under 0 MPa until the original transformation-induced volume change and martensite coefficient of thermal expansion are obtained. Using this technique, it was determined that the 8.15% total accumulated strain after cycling under 200 MPa consisted of 0.38%, 3.97% and 3.87% for elasticity, remnant oriented martensite and creep/plasticity, respectively.

  20. Separation and Purification of Flavonoids from Black Currant Leaves by High-Speed Countercurrent Chromatography and Preparative HPLC

    OpenAIRE

    He, Dajun; Huang, Yun; Ayupbek, Amatjan; Gu, Dongyu; Yi YANG; Aisa, Haji Akber; Ito, Yoichiro

    2010-01-01

    High-speed countercurrent chromatography (HSCCC) has been successfully used for the preparative isolation of flavonoids from the ethyl acetate extracts of black currant leaves. The HSCCC separation was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of n-hexane/EtOAc/MeOH/H2O (1:10:1:10, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min. When the flow rate was increased from 1.0 to 3.0 mL/min, the retention of stationary phase decreased from 60.3% to 39.7% resulting in loss of peak resolution, while the s...

  1. IDENTITIES INVOLVING RATIONAL SUMS BY INVERSION AND PARTIAL FRACTION DECOMPOSITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut Prodinger

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Identities appearing recentlyin: {sc J. L. D'{i}az-Barrero, J. Gibergans-B'agu-ena, P. G. Popescu:}{it Some identities involving rational sums}. Appl. Anal. Discrete Math., {f 1} (2007, 397--402, aretreated by inverting them; the resulting sums areevaluated using partial fraction decomposition, following{sc Wenchang Chu:} {it A binomial coefficient identity associated with {B}eukers' conjectureon {A}p'ery numbers.} Electron. J. Combin., {f 11} (1: Note 15, 3 pp. (electronic, 2004.This approach produces a general formula, not only special cases.

  2. Dominance of dinoflagellates in micro-zooplankton community in the oceanic regions of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jyothibabu, R.; Madhu, N.V.; Maheswaran, P.A.; Nair, K.K.C.; Venugopal, P.; Balasubramanian, T.

    in Wallac scintillation counter. The disintegration per minute (DPMs) values were converted into daily produ c- tion rates (mg C m ? 3 d ? 1 ) using a p propriate formu la 15 . One litre of water from each depth was filtered through GF/F filters... , 366 ? 367. 49. Sweeney, B. M., J . Phycol ., 1971, 7 , 53 ? 58. 50. Diane, K. S., J . Eukar . Microbiol ., 1999, 46 , 397 ? 401. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. The work was carr ied out under the M a rine Research - Living Resources (MR - LR...

  3. Observations favor the crossing of phantom divide lines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Using three different parameterized dark energy models, we reconstruct the properties of dark energy from the latest 397 Sne Ia, CMB and BAO with the present matter density, Ωm0, given prior. We find that, when Ωm0 is not small, for example, Ωm0 = 0.28 or 0.32, an evolving dark energy with a crossing of phantom divide line is favored and this conclusion seems to be model independent. We also find that the evolving properties of dark energy become more and more evident with the increase of Ωm0 given prior.

  4. PENENTUAN KEUNTUNGAN MAKSIMUM PADA PENJUALAN OLAHAN TAPE DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE LAGRANGE (Studi Kasus: UD. Sari Madu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FEMY AYU ASTITI

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Optimization problems can be solved by various methods, such as Lagrange Method.   This  method can be used to find the solution. Using Lagrange method, the extreme value can be obtained, so that the optimal solution can be found. In this research, the maximum revenue of UD. Sari Madu is a limited by several constraints. After the objective function and constraint function being model, than maximum revenue is found. From first until fourth quarterly, the maximum revenue is found Rp. 9.701.333, Rp. 10.064.148, 9.793.272 and Rp. 9.397.730 respectively.

  5. On the Radiological Character of a Coal-Fired Power Plant at the Town of Çatalağzı, Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    BALDIK, Hüseyin AYTEKIN and Rıdvan

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents a study performed on the radiological character of the Çatalağzı Thermal Power Plant (ÇTPP/ÇATES), on the west Black Sea coast of Turkey. Natural radioactivity distribution of the terrestrial radionuclides 238U, 232Th, and 40K of surface soil samples around the ÇTPP was analyzed. The average radioactivity concentrations for 232Th, 238U, and 40K for soil samples were 39.7, 30.5, and 378.7 Bq kg-1, respectively. 238U and 40K concentrations are lower than the world ...

  6. Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Onan Hasang Kecamatan Pahae Julu Kabupaten Tapanuli Utara

    OpenAIRE

    Sitompul, Elita Farida

    2016-01-01

    Health center are the type of health care facility which is the functional unit, serves as a centers for health development, community participation coaching center, as well as first-rate health care center. However, the level of utilization of health center is still low, especially people who are Onan Hasang Pahae Julu health center. According to the annual report Onan Hasang health center in 2012, the number of outpatient visits as many as 2,397 of 4,788 visits (50 %). This research is quan...

  7. Consumo de alcohol y factores de riesgo en estudiantes de dos universidades Colombianas

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Zapata, Francisco Javier; Calderon Vallejo, Gustavo; Cano Bedoya, Victor Hugo; Castaño Perez, Guillermo Alonso

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the current research was to identify the risk factors associated to alcohol consumption of Colombian University students. 397 women and 312 men, students from two private and Catholic universities in the city of Medellín (Colombia) took part in it. The results identified as risk factors the difficulties to say 'no' to the people (p=0.012) and the consumption of psychoactive substances by members of the family (p=0.022). El objetivo fue identificar factores de riesgo del co...

  8. CONSUMO DE ALCOHOL Y FACTORES DE RIESGO EN ESTUDIANTES DE DOS UNIVERSIDADES COLOMBIANAS. (ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AND RISK FACTORS IN STUDENTS OF TWO COLOMBIAN UNIVERSITIES)

    OpenAIRE

    Víctor Hugo Cano Bedoya; Gustavo Adolfo Calderón Vallejo; Francisco Javier Arias Zapata; Guillermo Alonso Castaño Pérez

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo fue identificar factores de riesgo del consumo de alcohol en estudiantes universitarios colombianos. Participaron 397 mujeres y 312 hombres, estudiantes de dos universidades privadas y católicas de la ciudad de Medellín (Colombia). Los resultados identificaron como factores de riesgo las dificultades para decir “no” a la gente (p=0.012) y el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas por miembros de la familia (p=0.022).Abstract:The objective of the current research was to identify the ri...

  9. Schmallenberg virus in Germany 2011–2014: searching for the vectors

    OpenAIRE

    Kameke, Daniela; Werner, Doreen; Hoffmann, Bernd; Lutz, Walburga; Kampen, Helge

    2015-01-01

    Following the emergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV) in 2011, 21,397 culicoid biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from targeted and non-targeted sampling activities carried out during the summer months of 2011 to 2013 and in late 2014 in various regions in Germany were analyzed for the virus by real-time RT-PCR. While no SBV was found in biting midges collected during 2011 and 2013, 2 out of 334 pools including 20 and 22 non-engorged females of the Obsoletus complex sampled in 2012 teste...

  10. Domain Modeling: NP_055507.1 [SAHG[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available NP_055507.1 chr16 CRAL/TRIO domain d1olme3 chr16/NP_055507.1/NP_055507.1_holo_306-497.pdb blast 314Y,331L,...333L,336M,338T,341L,354V,383L,385L,388L,392H,393L,397G,398V,400A,401L,404M,408V,416L,419L,428F,431L,432W,435I,439I,443T,447F VTQ 0 ...

  11. 1-Allyl-3-phenylquinoxalin-2(1H-one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanane Benzeid

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C17H14N2O, crystallizes with two molecules in the asymmetric unit. The dihedral angles between the mean planes of the quinoxaline ring system and the phenyl ring in the two molecules are 38.27 (10 and 37.14 (8°. In the crystal, π-stacking along the b axis contributes to the crystal cohesion with an average distance between quinoxaline units of 3.397 (3 Å. Weak C—H...O interactions also occur.

  12. High prevalence of parental delivery of plastic debris in Cory’s shearwaters (Calonectris diomedea)

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez, Airam; Rodríguez, Beneharo; Carrasco, María Nazaret

    2012-01-01

    Plastic ingestion by adult Procellariiformes has been widely recorded, but few studies have evaluated intergenerational transfer. We assessed the prevalence of plastic particles, as well as their basic character- istics, in the gut content of dead Cory’s shearwater fledglings stranded by light pollution on Canary Islands. Eighty-three percent of birds were affected, containing on average 8.0 plastic pieces per bird. The average plastic weight per bird was low (2.97 ± 3.97 mg) compared with ...

  13. Acute Mesenteric Venous Thrombosis with a Vaginal Contraceptive Ring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wesley Eilbert

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mesenteric venous thrombosis is a rare cause of abdominal pain, which if left untreated may result in bowel infarction, peritonitis and death. The majority of patients with this illness have a recognizable, predisposing prothrombotic condition. Oral contraceptives have been identified as a predisposing factor for mesenteric venous thrombosis in reproductive-aged women. In the last fifteen years new methods of hormonal birth control have been introduced, including a transdermal patch and an intravaginal ring. In this report, we describe a case of mesenteric venous thrombosis in a young woman caused by a vaginal contraceptive ring. [West J Emerg Med. 2014;15(4:395-397.

  14. Grimontia indica AK16T, sp. nov., isolated from a seawater sample reports the presence of pathogenic genes similar to Vibrio Genus

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Aditya, S.; Bhumika, V.; Khatri, I.; Srinivas, T.N.R.; Subramanian, S.; Korpole, S.; AnilKumar, P.

    was performed using Rapid Annotation using Subsystem Technology (RAST) pipeline [16]. This pipeline employs GLIMMER3 [17] for gene calling, tRNAscan-SE [18] to identify tRNA genes, and Niels Larsen’s ‘‘search_for_rnas’’ (available from the author) to identify r..., and Vibrio angustum S14 with similarity score values 397, 350, and 280 respectively. The genome of G. hollisae CIP101886T was again annotated using the same pipeline as used for strain AK16T for a fair comparison. The new Figure 5. MALDI-TOF reference mass...

  15. Electrical and magnetic phases of the layered perovskite Ca{sub 4-x}La{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 10}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Witte, N.S.; Goodman, P. [University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC (Australia). School of Physics; Lincoln, F.J. [University of Western Australia, Nedlands, WA (Australia). Department of Chemistry; March, R.H. [Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada). Department of Physics

    1997-12-31

    We analyse magnetic susceptibility, resistivity and neutron diffraction measurements of the electron doped triple layered perovskite, or Ruddlesden-Popper class of Manganates Ca{sub 4-x}La{sub x}Mn{sub 3}O{sub 10}. Near the undoped region a paramagnetic insulator to antiferromagnetic insulator transition is observed with decreasing temperature and a concomitant change in the conduction process from thermal activation to Mott-type hopping. For larger doping, with a Mn valence of 3.97, there is a transition from the paramagnetic insulator to a canted antiferromagnetic insulator which exhibits a more dramatic change in the conduction mechanism 14 refs., 2 figs.

  16. A New Overview of The Trilinos Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael A. Heroux

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Since An Overview of the Trilinos Project [ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 31(3 (2005, 397–423] was published in 2005, Trilinos has grown significantly. It now supports the development of a broad collection of libraries for scalable computational science and engineering applications, and a full-featured software infrastructure for rigorous lean/agile software engineering. This growth has created significant opportunities and challenges. This paper focuses on some of the most notable changes to the Trilinos project in the last few years. At the time of the writing of this article, the current release version of Trilinos was 10.12.2.

  17. Prevalência e fatores associados à obesidade abdominal em adolescentes Prevalencia y factores asociados a la obesidad abdominal en adolescentes Prevalence of abdominal obesity and associated factors in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Romanzini; Andreia Pelegrini; Edio Luiz Petroski

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Verificar a prevalência de obesidade abdominal e sua associação com fatores demográficos, econômicos e estilo de vida em adolescentes. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal conduzido em 644 adolescentes (397 do sexo feminino e 247 do masculino), de 15 a 19 anos. Foram coletadas informações demográficas (sexo e idade), econômicas (nível econômico) e comportamentais (atividade física, alimentação, tabagismo e etilismo). A obesidade abdominal (desfecho) foi determinada com base em pontos de cort...

  18. Origine des tétrapodes, scénarios, théories erronées et évènements évolutifs

    OpenAIRE

    Blieck, Alain

    2010-01-01

    En accès libre : http://iris.univ-lille1.fr/handle/1908/3300 International audience A renewal of interest has been led to the problem of origin of tetrapods for several years. It is concerned, among other topics, with the age of their oldest representative and the life environment of their Devonian species. After the most recent discoveries (Eifelian tracks and traces from Poland), it seems that we can date the most ancient tetrapod at ca. – 397 My, or even older when taking into accoun...

  19. The association between violence victimisation and common symptoms in Swedish women

    OpenAIRE

    Krantz, G.; Ostergren, P.

    2000-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE—To investigate the association between violence and abuse suffered by women during childhood or adult life, and the manifestation of a high level of common physical and mental symptoms.
DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS—A questionnaire was sent to a random population of women, 40 to 50 years of age, living in a rural Swedish community. The response rate was 81.7 per cent (397 women). Odds ratios were used to estimate bivariate associations between the experience of violence/abu...

  20. Neurohumoral responses during prolonged exercise in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nybo, Lars; Nielsen, Bodil; Blomstrand, Eva;

    2003-01-01

    , and the metabolic precursor of serotonin, tryptophan, were evaluated in eight endurance-trained subjects during exercise randomized to be with or without hyperthermia. The core temperature stabilized at 37.9 +/- 0.1 degrees C (mean +/- SE) in the control trial, whereas it increased to 39.7 +/- 0.2 degrees C...... for carbohydrates during recovery from strenuous exercise, whereas enhanced perception of effort as observed during exercise with hyperthermia was not related to alterations in the cerebral balances of dopamine or tryptophan....

  1. Induced Proton Polarization for pi0 Electroproduction at Q2 = 0.126 GeV2/c2 Around the Delta(1232) Resonance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a measurement of the induced proton polarization Pn in π0 electroproduction on the proton around the Δ resonance. The measurement was made at a central invariant mass and a squared four-momentum transfer of W = 1231 MeV and Q2 = 0.126 GeV2/c2, respectively. We measured a large induced polarization, Pn = -0.397 ± 0.055 ± 0.009. The data suggest that the scalar background is larger than expected from a recent effective Hamiltonian model

  2. An integrated procedure for the structural design of a composite rotor-hydrofoil of a Water Current Turbine (WCT)

    OpenAIRE

    Oller Aramayo, Sergio A.; Liz G. Nallim; Oller Martínez, Sergio Horacio

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows an integrated structural design optimization of a composite rotor-hydrofoil of a water current turbine by means the finite elements method (FEM), using a Serial/Parallel mixing theory (Rastellini et al. Comput. Struct. 86:879–896, 2008, Martinez et al., 2007, Martinez and Oller Arch. Comput. Methods. 16(4):357–397, 2009, Martinez et al. Compos. Part B Eng. 42(2011):134–144, 2010) coupled with a fluid-dynamic formulation and multi-objective optimization algorithm (Gen and Chen...

  3. [Natural and experimental infections of lambs with Mycoplasma ovipneumoniae].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bocklisch, H; Pfützner, H; Zepezauer, V

    1989-01-01

    Mycoplasma (M.) ovipneumoniae was isolated pure or mixed with bacteria from 47 lungs of lambs of 14 in 22 tested flocks. M. ovipneumoniae was obtained as pure culture in cases of mild bronchopneumonia. Experimental intratracheal or intranasal infection caused several days of rising body temperature above 39.7 degrees C. Nasal discharge, coughing, and dyspnea did not occur. M. ovipneumoniae was successfully re-isolated from nasal swabs, beginning 2 d from infection. Lobular catarrhal bronchopneumonia was established by postmortem examinations, 10-14 d from infection, and M. ovipneumoniae was re-isolated from the lungs. Histological patterns of lungs were characterised by interstitial cell reactions.

  4. Analysis of surface powered haulage accidents, January 1990--July 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fesak, G.M.; Breland, R.M.; Spadaro, J. [Dept. of Labor, Arlington, VA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    This report addresses surface haulage accidents that occurred between January 1990 and July 1996 involving haulage trucks (including over-the-road trucks), front-end-loaders, scrapers, utility trucks, water trucks, and other mobile haulage equipment. The study includes quarries, open pits and surface coal mines utilizing self-propelled mobile equipment to transport personnel, supplies, rock, overburden material, ore, mine waste, or coal for processing. A total of 4,397 accidents were considered. This report summarizes the major factors that led to the accidents and recommends accident prevention methods to reduce the frequency of these accidents.

  5. Chronique des Archives 2010-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Eichenlaub, Jean-Luc

    2012-01-01

    La Chronique des Archives rendant compte des activités 2009 est parue dans la Revue d’Alsace no136, 2010, p. 391‑397. Le lecteur a pu avoir un aperçu des activités des Archives départementales (Bas‑Rhin, Haut‑Rhin, Territoire de Belfort) et des archives municipales de Belfort, Colmar, Erstein, Guebwiller, Illkirch, Illzach, Ingersheim, Mulhouse, Munster, Saint-Louis, Turckheim, Strasbourg. Il n’y a pas eu de Chronique des Archives complète dans la Revue d’Alsace no137, 2011, mais une page con...

  6. Nucleotide sequence analysis of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) adherence factor probe and development of PCR for rapid detection of EPEC harboring virulence plasmids.

    OpenAIRE

    Franke, J.; Franke, S.; SCHMIDT, H.; Schwarzkopf, A.; Wieler, L H; Baljer, G.; Beutin, L.; Karch, H

    1994-01-01

    The 1-kb BamHI-SalI fragment from plasmid pMAR2 termed the enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) adherence factor (EAF) probe was cloned in pUC19 and pK18. The nucleotide sequence of this fragment was determined, and a set of primers was designed to amplify a 397-bp region associated with pMAR2 by PCR. An analysis of the whole EAF sequence with database libraries indicated no significant homology to any known genes. However, between bases 701 and 787 of the fragment, an 82.8% homology betw...

  7. HIV Risk Perception, Sexual Behavior, and HIV Prevalence among Men-Who-Have-Sex-with-Men at a Community-Based Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Kwee Choy Koh; Lit Sin Yong

    2014-01-01

    We describe the HIV risk perception, sexual behavior, and HIV prevalence among 423 men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) clients who received voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) services at a community-based center in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The mean age was 29 years old. One hundred one (23.9%) clients rated themselves as low risk, 118 (27.9%) as medium risk, 36 (8.5%) as high risk, and 168 (39.7%) were unsure of their risk. Twenty-four (9.4%) clients tested HIV positive (4 (4%) low risk, 9 (7....

  8. Fatores de risco para doença diarréica no lactente: um estudo caso-controle

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Gisélia Alves Pontes da; Lira Pedro I. C.; Lima Marilia de Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os fatores de risco associados à presença de episódios diarréicos em lactentes menores de seis meses, residentes na Zona da Mata Meridional do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. O desenho do estudo foi do tipo caso-controle, aninhado numa coorte. Foi estudado um total de 397 crianças, sendo 239 casos e 158 controles (1,5:1). Foi calculado o odds ratio(OR), intervalo de confiança (IC) de 95%, e realizada análise de regressão logística para identificar fatores...

  9. Metal-rich or misclassified? The case of four RR Lyrae stars

    CERN Document Server

    Molnár, L; Plachy, E; Szabó, R

    2016-01-01

    We analysed the light curve of four, apparently extremely metal-rich fundamental-mode RR Lyrae stars. We identified two stars, MT Tel and ASAS J091803-3022.6 as RRc (first-overtone) pulsators that were misclassified as RRab ones in the ASAS survey. In the case of the other two stars, V397 Gem and ASAS J075127-4136.3, we could not decide conclusively, as they are outliers in the period-Fourier-coefficient space from the loci of both classes, but their photometric metallicities also favour the RRc classification.

  10. Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, N., E-mail: nadine.fischer@monash.edu [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); School of Physics and Astronomy, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia); Gieseke, S. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Kluth, S. [Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany); Plätzer, S. [Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham University, Durham (United Kingdom); School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester (United Kingdom); Skands, P. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Monash University, Melbourne (Australia); Theoretical Physics, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Collaboration: OPAL Collaboration

    2015-11-30

    A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 e{sup +}e{sup -} hadronic annihilation events collected at √s=91 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

  11. Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, N. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Monash University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Melbourne (Australia); Gieseke, S. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe (Germany); Kluth, S. [Max-Planck-Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany); Plaetzer, S. [Durham University, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Durham (United Kingdom); University of Manchester, School of Physics and Astronomy, Manchester (United Kingdom); Skands, P. [Monash University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Melbourne (Australia); Theoretical Physics, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); Collaboration: OPAL Collaboration

    2015-12-15

    A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 e{sup +}e{sup -} hadronic annihilation events collected at √(s) = 91 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions. (orig.)

  12. Measurement of observables sensitive to coherence effects in hadronic Z decays with the OPAL detector at LEP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, N.; Gieseke, S.; Kluth, S.; Plätzer, S.; Skands, P.

    2015-12-01

    A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 e+e- hadronic annihilation events collected at √{s}=91 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

  13. Measurement of parton shower observables with OPAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fischer N.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 e+e- hadronic annihilation events collected at √s = 91 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

  14. Measurement of parton shower observables with OPAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, N.; Gieseke, S.; Kluth, S.; Plätzer, S.; Skands, P.

    2016-07-01

    A study of QCD coherence is presented based on a sample of about 397,000 e+e- hadronic annihilation events collected at √s = 91 GeV with the OPAL detector at LEP. The study is based on four recently proposed observables that are sensitive to coherence effects in the perturbative regime. The measurement of these observables is presented, along with a comparison with the predictions of different parton shower models. The models include both conventional parton shower models and dipole antenna models. Different ordering variables are used to investigate their influence on the predictions.

  15. Mitochondrial DNA sequence evolution in the Arctoidea.

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Y P; Ryder, O. A.

    1993-01-01

    Some taxa in the superfamily Arctoidea, such as the giant panda and the lesser panda, have presented puzzles to taxonomists. In the present study, approximately 397 bases of the cytochrome b gene, 364 bases of the 12S rRNA gene, and 74 bases of the tRNA(Thr) and tRNA(Pro) genes from the giant panda, lesser panda, kinkajou, raccoon, coatimundi, and all species of the Ursidae were sequenced. The high transition/transversion ratios in cytochrome b and RNA genes prior to saturation suggest that t...

  16. Reaction of cobalt molybdophosphate with alcoholic solutions of tetraethoxysilane and oxozirconium(IV) chloride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Interaction of cobalt molybdophosphate with alcohol solutions of tetraethoxysilane and oxozirconium chloride was studied using the methods of IR spectroscopy and thermal analysis with an aim of ascertaining the potentiality of the reagents application for production of thermochrome materials. It was ascertained that as a results of interaction between cobalt molybdophosphate and tetraethoxysilane solution the heteropolyanion [PMo12O40]3- was transformed into lacunar form [HxPMo11O39]7-x. The hydrolysis processes occurring in compositions with oxozirconium chloride does not permit stabilizing the structure of the heteropolycompound responsible for thermochrome transitions

  17. Energy dependence of fusion evaporation-residue cross sections in the sup 28 Si+ sup 28 Si reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vineyard, M.F.; Bauer, J.S.; Gosdin, C.H.; Trotter, R.S. (Department of Physics, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia 23173 (USA)); Kovar, D.G.; Beck, C.; Henderson, D.J.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Wilkins, B.D.; Rosner, G.; Chowdhury, P.; Ikezoe, H.; Kuhn, W. (Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (USA)); Kolata, J.J.; Hinnefeld, J.D. (Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (USA)); Maguire, C.F. (Department of Physics Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (USA)); Mateja, J.F. (Division of Educational Programs, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (USA)); Prosser, F.W. (Department of Physics, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (USA)); Stephans, G.S.F. (Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (USA))

    1990-03-01

    Velocity distributions of mass-identified evaporation residues produced in the {sup 28}Si+{sup 28}Si reaction have been measured at bombarding energies of 174, 215, 240, 309, 397, and 452 MeV using time-of-flight techniques. These distributions were used to identify evaporation residues and to separate the complete-fusion and incomplete-fusion components. Angular distributions and total cross sections were extracted at all six bombarding energies. The complete-fusion evaporation-residue cross sections and the deduced critical angular momenta are compared with lower energy data and the predictions of existing models.

  18. Disposición a la donación voluntaria de sangre en estudiantes de Ciencias de la Salud

    OpenAIRE

    María Galíndez; Stefania Di Pascuale; Harold Guevara; Marcos Hernández

    2008-01-01

    Disposition toward voluntary blood donation of health science students was analyzed in a descriptive study. 397 students answered a validated questionnaire. 76.6% were female, aged 22.45 ± 4.95 years. Disposition to donate blood was 30% for Medical students, and 40.2% for Nursing students (P=0.04). 32.4% were willing to donate blood. 20.7% (Medicine) and 8.1% (Nursing) had been blood donors (P=0.0033), and 7.8% said they would never donate blood. Myths referred: extreme fatigue (30.1%), irrev...

  19. Chemistry of Carbon Rich Star IRAS 15194–5115

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A. Ali

    2006-12-01

    We have constructed two gas-phase models to study the chemistry of circumstellar envelope surrounding the carbon-rich variable star IRAS 15194–5115. The network used consists of 3893 reactions involving 397 gas-phase species. The derived fractional abundances for many molecules are in excellent agreement with values obtained from observations. The predicted column densities from the two models go well with the observed values of carbon star IRC + 10216. The dominant formation routes for three groups of species are discussed through the inner and outer envelopes.

  20. A cognitive-behavioural therapeutic program for patients with obesity and binge eating disorder: short- and long term follow-up data of a prospective study

    OpenAIRE

    Vanderlinden, Johan; Adriaensen, An; Vancampfort, Davy; Pieters, Guido; Probst, Michel; Vansteelandt, Kristof

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a manualized cognitive-behavioral therapeutic (CBT) approach for patients with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED) on the short and longer term. A prospective study without a control group consisting of three measurements (a baseline measurement and two follow-up assessments up to 5 years after the start of the CBT treatment) was used. A total of 56 patients with obesity and BED (age = 39.7 ± 10-9 years; body mass index [BMI] = 38.5...

  1. Induced Proton Polarization for pi0 Electroproduction at Q2 = 0.126 GeV2/c2 Around the Delta(1232) Resonance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glen Warren; Ricardo Alarcon; Christopher Armstrong; Burin Asavapibhop; David Barkhuff; William Bertozzi; Volker Burkert; J. Chen; Jian-Ping Chen; Joseph Comfort; Daniel Dale; George Dodson; S. Dolfini; K. Dow; Martin Epstein; Manouchehr Farkhondeh; John Finn; Shalev Gilad; Ralf Gothe; Xiaodong Jiang; Mark Jones; Kyungseon Joo; A. Karabarbounis; James Kelly; Stanley Kowalski; C. Kunz; D. Liu; R.W. Lourie; Richard Madey; Demetrius Margaziotis; Pete Markowitz; Justin McIntyre; C. Mertz; Brian Milbrath; Rory Miskimen; Joseph Mitchell; S. Mukhopadhyay; Costas Papanicolas; Charles Perdrisat; Vina Punjabi; Liming Qin; Paul Rutt; Adam Sarty; Jeffrey Shaw; S.B. Soong; D. Tieger; Christoph Tschalaer; William Turchinetz; Paul Ulmer; Scott Van Verst; C. Vellidis; Lawrence Weinstein; Steven Williamson; Rhett Woo; Alaen Young

    1998-12-01

    We present a measurement of the induced proton polarization P{sub n} in {pi}{sup 0} electroproduction on the proton around the {Delta} resonance. The measurement was made at a central invariant mass and a squared four-momentum transfer of W = 1231 MeV and Q{sup 2} = 0.126 GeV{sup 2}/c{sup 2}, respectively. We measured a large induced polarization, P{sub n} = -0.397 {+-} 0.055 {+-} 0.009. The data suggest that the scalar background is larger than expected from a recent effective Hamiltonian model.

  2. Bol d'Or success for all-women crew from CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    The boat 'Mic Mac' and its CERN's all-woman crew (left to right), Christine Theurillat, Ursula Haenger , Paola Catapano, Petra Riedler, and skipper Cristina Morone. Spectacular highlight of the Lake Leman sailing calendar is the annual Bol d'Or race. Held this year on 16 and 17 June, the event attracted nearly 500 teams who competed under extreme weather conditions for the honours. Among the competitors was an all-woman crew from the CERN Yachting Club, sailing their Surprise boat, Mic Mac. The team was not only among the 397 boats to finish, but also the first all-woman crewed single hull boat to cross the line.

  3. Investigation into the Thin Layer Drying Models of Nigerian Popcorn Varieties

    OpenAIRE

    Taiwo ADEMILUYI; E.O. OBOHO; Michael OWUDOGU

    2008-01-01

    Drying kinetics of three popcorn varieties (Pin, Deep and Light yellow) was investigated. The popcorn kernels initially conditioned to 25% moisture content were dried in a bench scale rotary drier to 14% moisture content at various air flow rates (0.83, 1.397, 2.79 m/s) and temperatures (50oC, 60oC, 70oC and 80oC). Falling rate drying period was observed for the three popcorn varieties with Pin popcorn having the highest drying rate. Eight drying models were used to determine the thin layer d...

  4. Prevalencia de obesidad infantil en Cantabria

    OpenAIRE

    Pesquera Cabezas, Raúl

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of obesity and overweight in children aged between 2 to 14 years in Cantabria. We also describe the children grow pattern, the prevalence geographical distribution and the prevalence secular trend between 2002 -2008. The study design was a cross-sectional study (60.015 children) and a longitudinal study (21.397 children). We use the information collected by "The healthy child program" and recoded in the Primary Care history of each ...

  5. Comparison of Soxhlet and Shake Extraction of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Coal Tar Polluted Soils Sampled in the Field

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindhardt, Bo; Holst, Helle; Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    1994-01-01

    This study compares three extraction methods for PAHs in coal tar polluted soil: 3-times repeated shaking of the soil with dichloromethane-methanol (1:1), Soxhlet extraction with dichloromethane, and Soxhlet extraction with dichloromethane followed by Soxhlet extraction with methanol. The...... extraction efficiencies were determined for ten selected PAHs in triplicate samples of six soils sampled at former gasworks sites. The samples covered a wide range of PAH concentrations, from 0.6 to 397 mg/kg soil. Soxhlet extraction with dichloromethane followed by Soxhlet extraction with methanol, in...

  6. Male-Biased Autosomal Effect of 16p13.11 Copy Number Variation in Neurodevelopmental Disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Tropeano; Joo Wook Ahn; Dobson, Richard J. B.; Gerome Breen; James Rucker; Abhishek Dixit; Pal, Deb K; Peter McGuffin; Anne Farmer; White, Peter S.; Joris Andrieux; Evangelos Vassos; Caroline Mackie Ogilvie; Sarah Curran; Collier, David A

    2013-01-01

    Copy number variants (CNVs) at chromosome 16p13.11 have been associated with a range of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, ADHD, intellectual disability and schizophrenia. Significant sex differences in prevalence, course and severity have been described for a number of these conditions but the biological and environmental factors underlying such sex-specific features remain unclear. We tested the burden and the possible sex-biased effect of CNVs at 16p13.11 in a sample of 10,397 ...

  7. Urban political ecologies of informal recyclers׳ health in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parizeau, Kate

    2015-05-01

    Buenos Aires׳ informal recyclers (cartoneros) confront multiple health hazards in their work. Based in a survey with (n=397) informal recyclers, this study establishes that these workers experience uneven health landscapes as evidenced through their health outcomes, the social determinants of their health, and their living and working environments. I argue that the analytical framework of urban political ecology can provide insights to the ways that the urban environments where cartoneros live and work are socially-constructed phenomena, drawing on concepts of crisis, metabolism, and multi-scalar analyses.

  8. Is project management a required competency for the hotel industry

    OpenAIRE

    Harnett, Lloyd John

    2013-01-01

    non-peer-reviewed The hotel industry in Ireland has suffered major turmoil over the last 5 years, and is constantly evolving and reshaping in order to survive (Bacon 2009). The industry comprises of 903 hotels with a total of 60,138 rooms. This is a 35% increase from 2005. That year saw €3.97 Billion in tourism revenue, with this increasing to €4.4 billion in 2007 and dropping to €3.4 billion in 2011 (Ireland 2012). The work of hotel managers involves many projects, from new menu concepts ...

  9. Beijing Kowloon Railway, A Shortcut from Beijing to Hong Kong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    At 2,397 kilometers, the Beijing-Kowloon Railway is the shortest line from China’s capital to Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR. On September 1, 1996, the No. 105 train made its debut at the Beijing West Railway Station and started to click along to the other terminal in Shenzhen. At present, five pairs of trains are running on the railway. Technically, the new line was built to alleviate the bottleneck situation of the rail transportation. In addition, it is hoped that the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone can help spur the economies of the

  10. Association Between Diagnosed Diabetes and Self-Reported Cancer Among U.S. Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Chaoyang; Balluz, Lina S; Ford, Earl S.; Okoro, Catherine A; Tsai, James; Zhao, Guixiang

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To assess the association between diagnosed diabetes and self-reported cancer among U.S. adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed data for 397,783 adults who participated in the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and had valid data on diabetes and cancer. RESULTS After adjustment for potential confounders, diabetic men had higher adjusted prevalence ratios for cancers of the prostate (1.1 [95% CI 1.0–1.3]), colon (1.3 [1.0–1.7]), pancreas (4.6 [1.8–11.7]), rectum...

  11. A multiwavelength study of superoutbursts in dwarf novae

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dwarf novae are stellar systems consisting of two stars which orbit around each other within a few hours. In dwarf novae one of the stars, which is a bit smaller and less massive than our sun, loses matter to a very compact and degenerated star: a white dwarf. This white dwarf has nearly the same mass as our sun but its radius is about a hundred times smaller. The process of mass transport was studied on the basis of observations with the Exosat-satelite (European X-ray Observatory satelite). 397 refs.; 50 figs.; 21 tabs

  12. High efficacy with deep nurse-administered propofol sedation for advanced gastroenterologic endoscopic procedures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jeppe Thue; Hornslet, Pernille; Konge, Lars;

    2016-01-01

    data from patients sedated with intermittent deep NAPS for ERCP, EUS or double balloon enteroscopy (DBE, since the method was implemented in May 2007 through December 2012 were included for evaluation in a retrospective case-control design. RESULTS: Data from 1899 patients undergoing 1899 procedures...... were included for evaluation. All but one procedure were completed with intermittent deep NAPS. The mean propofol dose was 397 mg (SD: 232.4) and the infusion rate was 23.9 mg/kg. The frequency of hypoxia was 4.3 % and 20 patients needed assisted ventilation (1.1 %). Anesthesiologic support...

  13. Cytogenetic Analysis of 584 Cases with Clinical Diagnosis of Down Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    M. Nail Alp; Diclehan Oral; Turgay Budak

    2007-01-01

    The cytogenetic types of Down syndrome, which is a widespread disease and the most common cause of mental retardation among live-borne babies, vary according to the risk of recurrance and has been a guide for the genetic counseling. This study was conducted between January 1996 and December 2006 in our department. The study included 584 patients with clinical diagnosis of Down syndrome. There were 232 (39.7%) female and 352 (60.3%) male patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the...

  14. Dicty_cDB: SSF664 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SS (Link to library) SSF664 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15612-1 SSF664E (Link... to Original site) - - - - - - SSF664E 397 Show SSF664 Library SS (Link to library) Clone ID SSF664 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SS/SSF6-C/SSF664Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SSF66...4E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SSF664 (SSF664Q) /CSM/SS/SSF6-C/SSF664Q.Seq.d/ ATCAC...ce update 1997.11. 6 Translated Amino Acid sequence ITMSSSEAVTREYTINLHKRLYGTTFKDR

  15. Using the Job-Demands-Resources model to predict turnover in the information technology workforce – General effects and gender

    OpenAIRE

    Peter Hoonakker; Pascale Carayon; Christian Korunka

    2014-01-01

    High employee turnover has always been a major issue for Information Technology (IT). In particular, turnover of women is very high. In this study, we used the Job Demand/Resources (JD-R) model to examine the relationship between job demands and job resources, stress/burnout and job satisfaction/commitment, and turnover intention and tested the model for gender differences. Data were collected in five IT companies. A sample of 624 respondents (return rate: 56%; 54% males; mean age: 39.7 year...

  16. Vespignani, Giorgio, Iппoδρoμoς. Il circo di Costantinopoli nuova Roma dalla realtà alla storiografia, Fondazione Centro Italiano di Studi sull"Alto Medioevo, Spoleto, 2010, 303 páginas. ISBN: 978 88-7988-197-5

    OpenAIRE

    Jiménez Sánchez, Juan Antonio

    2010-01-01

    "El Circo Máximo es su templo, su hogar, su asamblea y la esperanza de todos sus deseos" (AmmiAnvs mArc., Res gest., XXVIII, 4, 29: eisque templum et habitaculum et contio et cupitorum spes omnis Circus est maximus). De este modo describió el historiador Amiano Marcelino, hacia el 382/397, la pasión que la plebe de Roma sentía hacia los espectáculos, especialmente hacia los ludi circenses. Se trata de una afición que se fue incrementando a lo largo de toda la historia del Imperio Romano, hast...

  17. Uzundere Vadisi Tarimsal Faaliyetlerinin Peyzaj Çesitliligine Etkileri/EtTects on Landscape Diversity of Agricultural Activites Of Uzundere District and Its Surroundings

    OpenAIRE

    Karahan, Faris; Orhan, Tuba

    2012-01-01

    Özet: Uzundere ilçesi ve vadisi cografi yapi ve rakiminin düsük olmasi nedeniyle Erzurum'agöre ilik bir iklime sahip ilçenin güney ve batisinda karasaL, kuzey ve dogusundaDogu Karadeniz iklimi hakimdir. Vadi içlerindeki mikroklima iklim özelligiyle ilçedenarenciye üretimi disinda tüm sebze ve meyve üretimi yapilmaktadir. Ilçe alan kullanimlarinin%39,7'si çayir ve meraya, %12'si orman ve fundaliga ve % 9,8'i...

  18. Batch production of L(+) lactic acid from whey by Lactobacillus casei (NRRL B-441)

    OpenAIRE

    Büyükkileci, Ali Oğuz; Harsa, Hayriye Şebnem

    2004-01-01

    The effects of temperature, pH, and medium composition on lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei were investigated. The highest lactic acid productivity values were obtained at 37 °C and pH 5.5. The productivity was 1.87 g dm-3 h-1 at 37 °C in shake flasks. In the fermenter, a productivity of 3.97 g dm-3 h-1 was obtained at pH 5.5. The most appropriate yeast extract concentration was 5.0 g dm-3. Whey yielded a higher productivity value than the analytical lactose and glucose. Initial w...

  19. X-ray emission studies in relativistic collisions of Li-like uranium ions with gaseous target

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banas, D. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany) and Institute of Physics, Swietokrzyska Academy, 25-406 Kielce (Poland)]. E-mail: dariusz.banas@pu.kielce.pl; Stoehlker, Th. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt, 60486 Frankfurt (Germany); Ionescu, D.C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Beyer, H.F. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Bosch, F. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Braeuning-Demian, A. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Gumberidze, A. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt, 60486 Frankfurt (Germany); Tbilisi State University, 380128 Tbilisi, Georgia (United States); Hagmann, S. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Kozhuharov, C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Ma, X. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institute of Modern Physics, 730000 Lanzhou (China); Mokler, P.H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Mann, R. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Sierpowski, D. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, 30-059 Cracow (Poland); Tachenov, S. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut fuer Kernphysik, University of Frankfurt, 60486 Frankfurt (Germany); Stachura, Z. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institute of Nuclear Physics, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Warczak, A. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, 30-059 Cracow (Poland)

    2005-07-01

    The X-ray spectra produced by K-shell ionization in collisions of Li-like (U{sup 89+}) uranium ions at an energy of 397 MeV/u with gaseous N{sub 2} target have been measured. The very high level selectivity during such collision has been found. The effect allows us to measure undistorted two-photon energy distribution from a decay of the 1s2s{sup 1}S{sub 0} state in He-like uranium.

  20. PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH LOGAM BERAT INDUSTRI TEKSTIL MENGGUNAKAN FOTOKATALIS TiO2/ARANG AKTIF

    OpenAIRE

    Kapti Riyani; Tien Setyaningtyas; Roy Andreas

    2008-01-01

    Study about the use of active charcoal rice straws (AAJP) was done in order to decrease heavy metal ion on textile waste water by using photocatalyst AAJP/TiO2. Rice straws were gained from the Banyumas Regency and samples textile waste water from one of textile industry in Pemalang. This study was begun by the making of active charcoal from the rice straws, and then the modification of photocatalyst AAJP/TiO2 was done with the comparison 1:99, 2:98, 3:97, 4:96, 5:95. The test of heavy metal ...

  1. A Site-Specific Phosphorylation of the Focal Adhesion Kinase Controls the Formation of Spheroid Cell Clusters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Hans Christian; Gosau, Martin; Kristensen, Lars Peter;

    2014-01-01

    Human dental follicle cells (DFCs) are ectomesenchymal multipotent stem cells that form spheroid cell clusters (SCCs) under serum free medium cell culture conditions (SFM). Until today, molecular mechanisms for the formation of SCCs are unknown. In this study a quantitative phosphoproteomics...... kinase (FAK) signaling pathway. In addition to the phosphoproteomics approach we showed that a specific phosphorylation of FAK (Y397) was required for the formation of SCCs. In conclusion, this study disclosed the phosphoproteome of SCCs for the first time and showed that the FAK signaling pathway...

  2. Optical injection and spectral filtering of high-power UV laser diodes

    CERN Document Server

    Schäfer, V M; Tock, C J; Lucas, D M

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate injection-locking of 120mW laser diodes operating at 397nm. We achieve stable operation with injection powers of ~100uW and a slave laser output power of up to 110mW. We investigate the spectral purity of the slave laser light via photon scattering experiments on a single trapped Ca40 ion. We show that it is possible to achieve a scattering rate indistinguishable from that of monochromatic light by filtering the laser light with a diffraction grating to remove amplified spontaneous emission.

  3. Proportion of Patients Reporting Acceptable Symptoms or Treatment Failure and Their Associated KOOS Values at 6 to 24 Months After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingelsrud, Lina Holm; Granan, Lars-Petter; Terwee, Caroline B;

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The proportion of patients perceiving their symptoms as either acceptable or as a failure of treatment after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is unknown. Commonly used outcome scores such as the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) suffer from poor...... of treatment outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: In 2012, a total of 1197 patients were randomly extracted from the Norwegian Knee Ligament Registry at 3 postoperative time points: 397 at 6 months, 400 at 12 months, and 400 at 24 months. The inclusion criterion...

  4. The Protrusive Phase and Full Development of Integrin-Dependent Adhesions in Colon Epithelial Cells Require FAK- and ERKMediated Actin Spike Formation: Deregulation in Cancer Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie G. Brunton

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Integrins play an important role in tumour progression by influencing cellular responses and matrix-dependent adhesion. However, the regulation of matrix-dependent adhesion assembly in epithelial cells is poorly understood. We have investigated the integrin and signalling requirements of cell-matrix adhesion assembly in colon carcinoma cells after plating on fibronectin. Adhesion assembly in these, and in the adenoma cells from which they were derived, was largely dependent on αvβ6 integrin and required phosphorylation of FAK on tyrosine-397. The rate of fibronectin-induced adhesion assembly and the expression of both αvβ6 integrin and FAK were increased during the adenoma-to-carcinoma transition. The matrix-dependent adhesion assembly process, particularly the final stages of complex protrusion that is required for optimal cell spreading, required the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK. Furthermore, phosphorylated ERK was targeted to newly forming cell-matrix adhesions in the carcinoma cells but not the adenoma cells, and inhibition of FAK-tyrosine-397 phosphorylation or MEK suppressed the appearance of phosphorylated ERK at peripheral sites. In addition, inhibition of MEK-ERK activation blocked the formation of peripheral actin microspikes that were necessary for the protrusive phase of cell-matrix adhesion assembly. Thus, MEK-ERK-dependent peripheral actin re-organization is required for the full development of integrin-induced adhesions and this pathway is stimulated in an in vitro model of colon cancer progression.

  5. The community-based Health Extension Program significantly improved contraceptive utilization in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yitayal M

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Mezgebu Yitayal,1 Yemane Berhane,2 Alemayehu Worku,3 Yigzaw Kebede11University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia; 2Addis Continental Institute of Public Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 3Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaBackground: Ethiopia has implemented a nationwide primary health program at grassroots level (known as the Health Extension Program since 2003 to increase public access to basic health services. This study was conducted to assess whether households that fully implemented the Health Extension Program have improved current contraceptive use.Methods: A cross-sectional community-based survey was conducted to collect data from 1,320 mothers using a structured questionnaire. A multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of current contraceptive utilization. A propensity score analysis was used to determine the contribution of the Health Extension Program “model households” on current contraceptive utilization.Result: Mothers from households which fully benefited from the Health Extension Program (“model households” were 3.97 (adjusted odds ratio, 3.97; 95% confidence interval, 3.01–5.23 times more likely to use contraceptives compared with mothers from non-model households. Model household status contributed to 29.3% (t=7.08 of the increase in current contraceptive utilization.Conclusion: The Health Extension Program when implemented fully could help to increase the utilization of contraceptives in the rural community and improve family planning.Keywords: Health Extension Program, current contraceptive utilization

  6. Giardíase e criptosporidiose em crianças institucionalizadas em creches no estado de São Paulo Giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in children institutionalized at daycare centers in the state of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciene Maura Mascarini

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se dois estudos transversais em 2002 (N=379 e 2003 (N=397 onde estimou-se a prevalência de enteroparasitas em crianças de cinco creches municipais de Botucatu, SP. Coletou-se variáveis socioeconômicas, sanitárias e educacionais e realizou-se exames coproparasitológicos. Giardia duodenalis apresentou prevalência de 23,7% (2002 e 21,4% (2003 seguido por Cryptosporidium sp com 15,5% (2002 e 3,7% (2003.Two cross-sectional studies were conducted, in 2002 (N=379 and 2003 (N=397, to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasites among children at five municipal daycare centers in Botucatu, State of São Paulo. Socioeconomic, sanitary and educational data were collected and parasitological tests were performed on feces. Giardia duodenalis presented prevalence of 23.7% (2002 and 21.4% (2003 followed by Cryptosporidium sp with 15.5% (2002 and 3.7% (2003.

  7. Physiological study of Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus strains in a novel chemically defined medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chervaux, C; Ehrlich, S D; Maguin, E

    2000-12-01

    We developed a chemically defined medium called milieu proche du lait (MPL), in which 22 Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (L. bulgaricus) strains exhibited growth rates ranging from 0.55 to 1 h(-1). MPL can also be used for cultivation of other lactobacilli and Streptococcus thermophilus. The growth characteristics of L. bulgaricus in MPL containing different carbon sources were determined, including an initial characterization of the phosphotransferase system transporters involved. For the 22 tested strains, growth on lactose was faster than on glucose, mannose, and fructose. Lactose concentrations below 0.4% were limiting for growth. We isolated 2-deoxyglucose-resistant mutants from strains CNRZ397 and ATCC 11842. CNRZ397-derived mutants were all deficient for glucose, fructose, and mannose utilization, indicating that these three sugars are probably transported via a unique mannose-specific-enzyme-II-like transporter. In contrast, mutants of ATCC 11842 exhibited diverse phenotypes, suggesting that multiple transporters may exist in that strain. We also developed a protein labeling method and verified that exopolysaccharide production and phage infection can occur in MPL. The MPL medium should thus be useful in conducting physiological studies of L. bulgaricus and other lactic acid bacteria under well controlled nutritional conditions.

  8. 毛冠鹿SRY基因克隆及进化的研究%Cloning and evolution of the tufted deer SRY gene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红梅; 吴海清; 蒋华云; 徐春茂; 曹祥荣

    2010-01-01

    利用赤麂SRY基因序列设计引物,通过PCR反应分别扩增出毛冠鹿、黑麂、小麂的SRY序列,并测得630 bp的碱基序列.麂属动物之间的序列差异为0.79%~1.90%,毛冠鹿属与麂属之间的序列差异为3.02%~3.97%.以牛SRY为外源,用NJ法和MP法进行毛冠鹿和麂属3种动物分子系统进化树的构建与分析,结果表明: 麂属3种动物之间的分歧时间为79万~190万年,毛冠鹿与麂属动物间的分歧时间为302万~397万年,梅花鹿与麂属动物的分歧时间为349万~460万年.

  9. Study of formation constant of molybdophosphate and it's application in the product of xenotime sand, tooth and bone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The formation constant of molybdophosphate complex and it's application in the product of xenotime sand, tooth and bone have been studied by spectrophotometric method. The molybdophosphate complex were formed from reaction between phosphate and molybdate on several of pH in the strong acid condition (pH = 0.45 - 0.71) and several of phosphate mole fraction (0.01 - 0.08). The several of complex formation reactions were determined by matrix disintegration technique. Molybdophosphate complex were founded three forms i.e. (P2Mo18O62)6- or 9 MPA, (PMo11O39)7- or 11 MPA and (PMo12O40)3- or 12 MPA. The formation constant of (PMo12O40)3- complex was found β = 1046.95 ± 103.7, while for (P2Mo18O62)6- and (PMo11O39)7- were not detected. The application in samples were found the concentration of P in product of xenotime sand : 5.37±0.08 μg/ml, in canine-tooth: 10.40 - 19.49 % in cutting-tooth : 11.08 - 18.05 % and in bone 10.94 - 14.29 %. (author)

  10. Rise of the earliest tetrapods: an early Devonian origin from marine environment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David George

    Full Text Available Tetrapod fossil tracks are known from the Middle Devonian (Eifelian at ca. 397 million years ago--MYA, and their earliest bony remains from the Upper Devonian (Frasnian at 375-385 MYA. Tetrapods are now generally considered to have colonized land during the Carboniferous (i.e., after 359 MYA, which is considered to be one of the major events in the history of life. Our analysis on tetrapod evolution was performed using molecular data consisting of 13 proteins from 17 species and different paleontological data. The analysis on the molecular data was performed with the program TreeSAAP and the results were analyzed to see if they had implications on the paleontological data collected. The results have shown that tetrapods evolved from marine environments during times of higher oxygen levels. The change in environmental conditions played a major role in their evolution. According to our analysis this evolution occurred at about 397-416 MYA during the Early Devonian unlike previously thought. This idea is supported by various environmental factors such as sea levels and oxygen rate, and biotic factors such as biodiversity of arthropods and coral reefs. The molecular data also strongly supports lungfish as tetrapod's closest living relative.

  11. Molecular Characteristics of S1 Gene of Infectious Bronchitis Virus Isolated from Chicken Proventriculus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Li-qin; ZHOU Ji-yong; John Dikki; SHEN Xing-yan; CHEN Ji-gang; ZHANG De-yong

    2003-01-01

    Infectious bronchitis virus was isolated from swollen proventriculi of clinically ill chicken. Thesuspected virus samples (2/97, 3/97, 1/98) were adapted in SPF chicken embryos for virus isolation andidentification. All the virus isolates were able to agglutinate chicken erythrocytes after treatment with trypsin,and interfer with the reproduction of Newcastle disease virus in chicken embryos, and have low antigenic relat-edness values with reference positive IBV. The isolates 2/97, 3/97, 1/98 RNAs extracted from the allantoicfluid of inoculated embryonated eggs were converted to cDNA by reverse transcription with 3'-primer of S1gene of (IBV). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed with two primers which span the S1 gene.Amplified product of 1.93 kb was subjected to EcoR Ⅰ and BamH Ⅰ digestion and the fragments obtainedwere the same as expected size. The PCR product was ligated to pBlueScript-SK (+) vector, and its nucleotidesequence was determined by the dideoxy-mediated chain termination method. Nucleotide sequence analysisshowed 73.6 - 99.7 % homology between the isolated IBV and the IBV strains in GenBank. The homology ofamino acid was 71.4 - 99.4 %.

  12. Ecología humana y acción pro-ambiental: alteridades recíprocas aula-escuela-comunidad para el manejo sustentable de residuos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Guevara Martínez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Se reporta el cambio cultural que substituye la cultura de la basura por una cultura de acopio y entrega diferenciada de residuos sólidos municipales. La investigación interviene en el cien por ciento de la población: los sujetos colectivos son 397 grupos académicos de 60 escuelas, reuniendo a una cantidad de 397 profesoras(es y 8266 escolares. Se interviene estratégicamente en tres entornos: aula, escuela, comunidad, que alcanzan el rol de instrumento a partir de sus interconexiones ambientales. La metodología considera la estrategia de los experimentos ecológicos lewinianos para investigar empíricamente las interdependencias de los contextos, el interés son los entornos de poder (fuerza, posición y potencia en la relación del estudiante con su realidad, induciendo la conexión directa de los entornos, bajo un proceso de alteridad recíproca aunque asimétrica. Con la escala de Ossgod se reportan los cambios actitudinales sin embargo, el “dato duro” es la reunión del 42% de residuos diferenciados, en un contexto latinoamericano en el que solo se reúne del 3 al 6%.

  13. High temperature vapor pressure of pure plutonium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    High temperature vapor pressure measurements have been made on pure plutonium metal by the Knudsen effusion technique. The reported experimental results extend into the transition region between molecular and viscous or hydrodynamic flow. Under the conditions used, linearity was observed up to temperatures in excess of 2200 K where pressures approaching 100 Pa were measured. The results over the temperature range 1724--2219 K yield log10P/sub Pu/(Pa) = (9.735 +- 0.105) -17066 +- 208/T and the enthalpy and entropy of vaporization and the standard deviations therein are ΔH0/sub v/(Pu,1975 K) =326.78 +- 3.97 kJ mol-1, ΔS0/sub v/(Pu,1975 K) =90.54 +- 2.01 J K-1 mol-1. Based on the most recently available free energy functions for plutonium liquid and gas, the values of the standard enthalpy of vaporization calculated via second- and third-law methods are ΔH0/sub v/(II, Pu,298 K) =344.14 +- 3.97 kJ mol-1, ΔH0/sub v/(III, Pu,298 K) =341.67 +- 1.26 kJ mol-1. Single crystal tungsten containers were used to hold the charge of plutonium and proved to be very satisfactory in alleviating problems of liquid metal creep and liquid/cell interactions normally encountered with actinides held at high temperatures for long periods

  14. Possible Role of Rickettsia felis in Acute Febrile Illness among Children in Gabon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mourembou, Gaël; Lekana-Douki, Jean Bernard; Mediannikov, Oleg; Nzondo, Sydney Maghendji; Kouna, Lady Charlene; Essone, Jean Claude Biteghe Bi; Fenollar, Florence; Raoult, Didier

    2015-10-01

    Rickettsia felis has been reported to be a cause of fever in sub-Saharan Africa, but this association has been poorly evaluated in Gabon. We assessed the prevalence of this bacterium among children Gabon; the locations were in urban, semiurban, and rural areas. DNA samples from 410 febrile children and 60 afebrile children were analyzed by quantitative PCR. Overall, the prevalence of R. felis among febrile and afebrile children was 10.2% (42/410 children) and 3.3% (2/60 children), respectively. Prevalence differed among febrile children living in areas that are urban (Franceville, 1.3% [1/77]), semiurban (Koulamoutou, 2.1% [3/141]), and rural (Lastourville, 11.2% [15/134]; Fougamou, 39.7% [23/58]). Furthermore, in a rural area (Fougamou), R. felis was significantly more prevalent in febrile (39.7% [23/58]) than afebrile children (5.0% [1/20]). Additional studies are needed to better understand the pathogenic role of R. felis in this part of the world.

  15. Temperature-controlled ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted microextraction for preconcentration of trace quantity of cadmium and nickel by using organic ligand in artificial saliva extract of smokeless tobacco products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arain, Sadaf Sadia; Kazi, Tasneem Gul; Arain, Asma Jabeen; Afridi, Hassan Imran; Baig, Jameel Ahmed; Brahman, Kapil Dev; Naeemullah; Arain, Salma Aslam

    2015-03-01

    A new approach was developed for the preconcentration of cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) in artificial saliva extract of dry snuff (brown and black) products using temperature-controlled ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (TIL-UDLLμE) followed by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). The Cd and Ni were complexed with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC), extracted in ionic liquid drops, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [C4MIM][PF6]. The multivariate strategy was applied to estimate the optimum values of experimental variables influence the % recovery of analytes by TIL-UDLLμE method. At optimum experimental conditions, the limit of detection (3s) were 0.05 and 0.14 μg L-1 while relative standard deviations (% RSD) were 3.97 and 3.55 for Cd and Ni respectively. After extraction, the enhancement factors (EF) were 87 and 79 for Cd and Ni, respectively. The RSD for six replicates of 10 μg L-1 Cd and Ni were 3.97% and 3.55% respectively. To validate the proposed method, certified reference material (CRM) of Virginia tobacco leaves was analyzed, and the determined values of Cd and Ni were in good agreement with the certified values. The concentration of Cd and Ni in artificial saliva extracts corresponds to 39-52% and 21-32%, respectively, of the total contents of both elements in dry brown and black snuff products.

  16. Integrin activation and focal complex formation in cardiac hypertrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laser, M.; Willey, C. D.; Jiang, W.; Cooper, G. 4th; Menick, D. R.; Zile, M. R.; Kuppuswamy, D.

    2000-01-01

    Cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by both remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and hypertrophic growth of the cardiocytes. Here we show increased expression and cytoskeletal association of the ECM proteins fibronectin and vitronectin in pressure-overloaded feline myocardium. These changes are accompanied by cytoskeletal binding and phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) at Tyr-397 and Tyr-925, c-Src at Tyr-416, recruitment of the adapter proteins p130(Cas), Shc, and Nck, and activation of the extracellular-regulated kinases ERK1/2. A synthetic peptide containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif of fibronectin and vitronectin was used to stimulate adult feline cardiomyocytes cultured on laminin or within a type-I collagen matrix. Whereas cardiocytes under both conditions showed RGD-stimulated ERK1/2 activation, only collagen-embedded cells exhibited cytoskeletal assembly of FAK, c-Src, Nck, and Shc. In RGD-stimulated collagen-embedded cells, FAK was phosphorylated only at Tyr-397 and c-Src association occurred without Tyr-416 phosphorylation and p130(Cas) association. Therefore, c-Src activation is not required for its cytoskeletal binding but may be important for additional phosphorylation of FAK. Overall, our study suggests that multiple signaling pathways originate in pressure-overloaded heart following integrin engagement with ECM proteins, including focal complex formation and ERK1/2 activation, and many of these pathways can be activated in cardiomyocytes via RGD-stimulated integrin activation.

  17. Early Super Soft Source spectra in RS Oph

    CERN Document Server

    Ness, Jan-Uwe

    2015-01-01

    Recent Swift X-ray monitoring campaigns of novae have revealed extreme levels of variability during the early super-soft-source (SSS) phase. The first time this was observed was during the 2006 outburst of the recurrent nova RS Oph which was also extensively covered by grating observations with XMM-Newton and Chandra. I focus here on an XMM-Newton observation taken on day 26.1, just before Swift confirmed the start of the SSS phase, and a Chandra observation taken on day 39.7. The first observation probes the evolution of the shock emission produced by the collision of the nova ejecta with the stellar wind of the companion. The second observation contains bright SSS emission longwards of 15A while at short wavelengths, the shock component can be seen to have hardly changed. On top of the SSS continuum, additional emission lines are clearly seen, and I show that they are much stronger than those seen on day 26.1, indicating line pumping caused by the SSS emission. The lightcurve on day 39.7 is highly variable ...

  18. Temperature-controlled ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted microextraction for preconcentration of trace quantity of cadmium and nickel by using organic ligand in artificial saliva extract of smokeless tobacco products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arain, Sadaf Sadia; Kazi, Tasneem Gul; Arain, Asma Jabeen; Afridi, Hassan Imran; Baig, Jameel Ahmed; Brahman, Kapil Dev; Naeemullah; Arain, Salma Aslam

    2015-03-01

    A new approach was developed for the preconcentration of cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) in artificial saliva extract of dry snuff (brown and black) products using temperature-controlled ionic liquid-based ultrasound-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (TIL-UDLLμE) followed by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS). The Cd and Ni were complexed with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC), extracted in ionic liquid drops, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [C4MIM][PF6]. The multivariate strategy was applied to estimate the optimum values of experimental variables influence the % recovery of analytes by TIL-UDLLμE method. At optimum experimental conditions, the limit of detection (3s) were 0.05 and 0.14μgL(-1) while relative standard deviations (% RSD) were 3.97 and 3.55 for Cd and Ni respectively. After extraction, the enhancement factors (EF) were 87 and 79 for Cd and Ni, respectively. The RSD for six replicates of 10μgL(-1) Cd and Ni were 3.97% and 3.55% respectively. To validate the proposed method, certified reference material (CRM) of Virginia tobacco leaves was analyzed, and the determined values of Cd and Ni were in good agreement with the certified values. The concentration of Cd and Ni in artificial saliva extracts corresponds to 39-52% and 21-32%, respectively, of the total contents of both elements in dry brown and black snuff products. PMID:25523044

  19. Quantification of several 4-alkyl substituted gamma-lactones in Australian wines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, Rachel C; Capone, Dimitra L; van Leeuwen, Katryna A; Elsey, Gordon M; Sefton, Mark A

    2009-01-28

    Stable isotope dilution assays have been developed for gamma-octalactone (1), gamma-nonalactone (2), gamma-decalactone (3) and gamma-dodecalactone (4) in both white and red wines for the first time. (2)H(7)-analogues of each lactone were prepared for use as internal standards via a strategy employing ring-opening, esterification and oxidation of the respective starting lactones. The methods were shown to be highly accurate and reproducible (R(2) > or = 0.999; SD gamma-Decalactone (3) was observed in only a small number (13) of red wine samples and not at all in the white varieties. gamma-Dodecalactone (4) was absent from all 178 samples studied. The highest concentrations of lactones 1, 2 and 3 in the red wines were 4.2, 39.7 and 4.0 microg/L respectively. PMID:19154158

  20. La salud dental de los niños y adolescentes de Navarra, 2007 (4ª edición) Dental health of children and adolescents of Navarra, 2007 (4th edition)

    OpenAIRE

    F.J. Cortés; J. Artázcoz; E. Rosel; GONZÁLEZ, P.; M.A. Asenjo; I. Sáinz de Murieta; Bravo, M.

    2009-01-01

    Fundamento. Transcurridos 5 años desde la última encuesta (2002), se procede a una nueva edición que supone la 4ª desde 1987. El objetivo es conocer el estado de salud oral de niños y adolescentes de Navarra y su evolución. Población y métodos. La muestra (n=1.397) fue seleccionada mediante muestreo probabilístico polietápico, tomando como unidad las aulas de 1º y 6º de Enseñanza Primaria y de 2º de Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria. El trabajo de campo se realizó entre los meses de abril y ma...

  1. The SHIP2 interactor Myo1c is required for cell migration in 1321 N1 glioblastoma cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edimo, William's Elong; Ramos, Ana Raquel; Ghosh, Somadri; Vanderwinden, Jean-Marie; Erneux, Christophe

    2016-08-01

    The phosphoinositide 5-phosphatases consist of several enzymes that have been shown to modulate cell migration and invasion. SHIP2, one family member, is known to interact with growth factor receptors and cytoskeletal proteins. In a human model of glioblastoma 1321 N1 cells, we recently identified Myo1c as a new interactor of SHIP2. This was shown in a complex of proteins also containing filamin A. We show here that SHIP2 localization at lamellipodia and ruffles is impaired in Myo1c depleted cells. In the absence of Myo1c, N1 cells tend to associate to form clusters. Cell migration is very much reduced in Myo1c depleted cells, concomitantly with a decrease in FAK Tyr397 phosphorylation, focal adhesion length and PI(4,5)P2 immunostaining. In N1 cells, Myo1c is thus important for lamellipodia formation to assemble a protein complex containing SHIP2 to facilitate cell migration. PMID:27246739

  2. The link between border crossing and obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Marisa A; Ayala, Guadalupe X; Baquero, Barbara; Madanat, Hala; Garcini, Luz

    2015-04-01

    Research examining border crossing and health has focused on substance abuse, healthcare utilization and air pollution. Living in border communities allows for frequent crossing and exposure to different sociocultural and structural environments. Given high rates of obesity among Latinos and the large percentage living in border communities, it is important to consider the relationship between border crossing and obesity. This study explored the relationship between frequency of border crossing, obesigenic behaviors, measured obesity, and chronic disease. Multistage sampling methods were used to recruit 397 Latino adults living in border communities in South San Diego County. Selected participants completed a face-to-face interview and height and weight measurements. More frequent border crossing was associated with more fast food consumption and a greater reported diagnosis of high cholesterol. Understanding the extent to which border crossing is associated with obesigenic behaviors and chronic disease is important for developing relevant interventions along the border. PMID:24442511

  3. Electron drift in a large scale solid xenon

    CERN Document Server

    Yoo, J

    2015-01-01

    A study of charge drift in a large scale optically transparent solid xenon is reported. A pulsed high power xenon light source is used to liberate electrons from a photocathode. The drift speeds of the electrons are measured using a 8.7\\,cm long electrode in both the liquid and solid phase of xenon. In the liquid phase (163\\,K), the drift speed is 0.193 $\\pm$ 0.003 cm/$\\mu$s while the drift speed in the solid phase (157\\,K) is 0.397 $\\pm$ 0.006 cm/$\\mu$s at 900 V/cm over 8.0\\,cm of uniform electric fields. Therefore, it is demonstrated that a factor two faster electron drift speed in solid phase xenon compared to that in liquid in a large scale solid xenon.

  4. Intense Yellow Photoluminescence from Silicon Oxynitride Films Prepared by Dual Ion Beam Sputtering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成珏飞; 吴雪梅; 诸葛兰剑

    2004-01-01

    In this work, results on the study of the structure and photoluminescence (PL)properties of SiOxNy thin films are presented. The films were deposited at room temperature using a dual-ion-beam co-sputtering system. The XRD and TEM results show that the deposited films have an amorphous structure. In the XPS result, we find N 1s spectra consist of one symmetric single peak at 397.8 eV, indicating that the nitrogen atoms are mainly bonded to silicon. It is in agreement to the result of FTIR. In SiOxNy films, an intense single PL peak at 590 nm is observed. Furthermore, with the increase of the N content in the SiOxNy films, the intensity of the PL peak at 590 nm increases a lot. The PL peak of 590 nm is suggested to originate from N-related defects.

  5. Fabrication of visible-light responsive S-F-codoped TiO2 nanotubes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN XiuQin; SU YaLing; ZHANG XingWang; LEI LeCheng

    2008-01-01

    Fabrication and S-F-codoping of TiO2 nanotubes were carried out by a one-step electrochemical ano-dization process to extend the photoresponse of TiO2 to the visible-light region. The prepared samples were annealed in air and deteoted by SEM, XRD, XPS and UV-vis DRS speotrophotometer. The results showed that the average tube diameter of the nanotubes was 150 nm and the average tube length was 400 nm. The doped TiO2 nanotubes exhibited strong absorption in visible-light region. Photoelectro- catalytic degradation efficiency of 4-CP over S-F-codoped TiO2 nanotubes was 39.7% higher than that of only-F-doped sample. Moreover, sulfur and fluorine codoped into substitutional sites of TiO2 had been proven to be indispensable for strong response and high photocatalytic activity under visible light, as assessed by XPS.

  6. Mutation of fibulin-1 causes a novel syndrome involving the central nervous system and connective tissues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohlega, Saeed; Al-Ajlan, Huda; Al-Saif, Amr

    2014-05-01

    Fibulin-1 is an extracellular matrix protein that has an important role in the structure of elastic fibers and basement membranes of various tissues. Using homozygosity mapping and exome sequencing, we discovered a missense mutation, p.(Cys397Phe), in fibulin-1 in three patients from a consanguineous family presented with a novel syndrome of syndactyly, undescended testes, delayed motor milestones, mental retardation and signs of brain atrophy. The mutation discovered segregated with the phenotype and was not found in 374 population-matched alleles. The affected cysteine is highly conserved across vertebrates and its mutation is predicted to abolish a disulfide bond that defines the tertiary structure of fibulin-1. Our findings emphasize the crucial role fibulin-1 has in development of the central nervous system and various connective tissues.

  7. How Do The Demographic Components Influence Job Satisfaction In The Hospitality Industry?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derya KARA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this research, job satisfaction has been clarified according to different features of employees who work at accommodation establishments by emphasizing conceptual perspective about job satisfaction. Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire which evaluates job satisfaction regarding 20 dimensions has been used as a mean of data collection. Application field of the research consists of 397 employees who work at 5 star hotel establishments in Ankara. The data were solved using percent, frequency, mean, standard deviation, t-test, Anova and Tukey analysis. As a result of this research; it has been seen that, there is no statistical difference about job satisfaction level of employees work at hotel establishments considering their gender and marital status. Besides, it has been understood that, there is a statistical difference about job satisfaction level of employees considering their ages, education levels, incomes, and length of time in tourism sector.

  8. Virological rebound in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with or without residual viraemia: results from an extended follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gianotti, N; Galli, L; Salpietro, S; Cernuschi, M; Bossolasco, S; Maillard, M; Spagnuolo, V; Canducci, F; Clementi, M; Lazzarin, A; Castagna, A

    2013-12-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -infected patients with HIV RNA loads of < 50 copies/mL were followed-up for a median (interquartile range) of 30.8 (11.7-32.9) months to study the effect of residual viraemia (RV) on virological rebound (VR). At baseline, 446 (60.3%) patients had undetectable HIV RNA (group A) and 293 (39.7%) had RV (1-49 HIV RNA copies/mL, group B) by kinetic PCR. VR occurred in 4 (0.9%) patients in group A and in 12 (4.1%) patients in group B (p 0.007). Time to VR was shorter among patients of group B (Log-rank test: p 0.003). However, the proportion of VR was extremely low also among patients with RV.

  9. TIT创意园红色工厂的重生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范琛

    2011-01-01

    如果你不经意路过新港东路397号大院,必定会被一扇红砖砌成的大门所散发的怀旧气息所吸引。大门背后九万多平米的区域本是建于1956年的广州纺织机械厂旧址,经过设计改造,老厂区如今巳蜕变为TIT创意同,成为广州继信义会馆、太古仓、红专厂之后又一文化地标。

  10. Results of a Longer Term NDACC Measurements Comparison Campaign at Mauna Loa Observatory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McGee Thomas J.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Between November, 2015 and January, 2015, the Goddard Space Flight Center operated a pair of lidar instruments at the NOAA facility at Mauna Loa on the Big Island of Hawaii (Lat. 19.5N, Lon. 155.5 W, Altitude 3.397 km. Measurements were made during six different four week periods during this time period by both the NASA GSFC Stratospheric Ozone Lidar (STROZ and the Aerosol and Temperature (ATL lidar. Also making measurements were the JPL Stratospheric Ozone Lidar and the NOAA Aerosol and Water Vapor Lidar. All instruments participate and archive data with the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change. Measurement comparisons were made among various instruments in accordance with the standard intercomparison protocols of the NDACC.

  11. Comparison of total phenolics, total flavonoids, DPPH among blueberry fermented wine, soaked wine and blueberry fruit%比较蓝莓发酵酒、浸泡酒和蓝莓果间总酚、总黄酮及DPPH的差异

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲; 左广垒; 刘子菱; 吕佳宁; 金铁岩; 曹思明

    2015-01-01

    以蓝莓(Semen trigonellae)为原料,将其分别加工成蓝莓发酵酒、蓝莓浸泡酒和蓝莓果果浆,然后分别测定其一般理化指标、总多酚、总黄酮含量和DPPH清除率.结果表明:蓝莓果果浆中的总多酚含量最高为3.97 mg/mL,总黄酮含量也最高为0.36 mg/mL,蓝莓发酵酒的DPPH清除率最高为89.55%.

  12. AcEST: BP912027 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YMU001_000012_B12 530 Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA. clone: YMU001_000012_B12. BP912027 - Show BP9120...is mRNA. clone: YMU001_000012_B12. Accession BP912027 Tissue type prothallium Developmental stage - Contig I...ST: a new generation of protein database search programs, Nucleic Acids Res. 25:3389-3402. Query= BP9120... / PCC 6301 / SAUG 1402/1) GN=dnaK3 PE=2 SV=1 Length = 655 Score = 33.9 bits (76), Expect = 0.50 Identities = 34/120... (28%), Positives = 50/120 (41%), Gaps = 7/120 (5%) Frame = -2 Query: 397 TGACGVDLVDSGANDAQL-QEPVELN

  13. Multi-objective optimization of glycopeptide antibiotic production in batch and fed batch processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maiti, Soumen K.; Eliasson Lantz, Anna; Bhushan, Mani;

    2011-01-01

    as pareto optimal solutions. These solutions gives flexibility in evaluating the trade-offs and selecting the most suitable operating policy. Here, ε-constraint approach was used to generate the pareto solutions for two objectives: product concentration and product per unit cost of media, for batch and fed...... batch operations using process model for Amycolatopsis balhimycina, a glycopeptide antibiotic producer. This resulted in a set of several pareto optimal solutions with the two objectives ranging from (0.75gl−1, 3.97g$-1) to (0.44gl−1, 5.19g$-1) for batch and from (1.5gl−1, 5.46g$-1) to (1.1gl−1, 6.34g......$-1) for fed batch operations. One pareto solution each for batch and for fed batch mode was experimentally validated....

  14. Cooperative medical insurance and the cost of care in Shandong, PR China: perspectives of patients and community members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Mohammad Afzal; Raulli, Alexandra; Yan, Wang; Dong, Han; Aiguo, Zhang; Ping, Dong

    2015-03-01

    This research was conducted to identify the cost of care associated with utilization of village clinics and membership of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) in 2 counties of Shandong province, PR China. A total of 397 community members and 297 patients who used the village clinics were interviewed. The average cost for primary care treatment of 1 episode of illness was about 55 yuan (about US$8). Although more than 50% of people had NCMS membership, many consider the monetary reimbursements as insufficient. The low insurance reimbursement rates and inability to pay out-of-pocket expenses compromise access to care. Delays can cause more serious illnesses with potential to overburden the secondary care at the township and county hospitals. Those rural people who have not yet enjoyed the benefits of China's economic development may not benefit from recent health care reform and finance mechanisms unless schemes such as the NCMS provide more substantial subsidies.

  15. Sperm whale clicks: Directionality and source level revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møhl, Bertel; Wahlberg, Magnus; Madsen, Peter T.;

    2000-01-01

    In sperm whales ~Physeter catodon L. 1758! the nose is vastly hypertrophied, accounting for about one-third of the length or weight of an adult male. Norris and Harvey @in Animal Orientation and Navigation, NASA SP-262 ~1972!, pp. 397–417# ascribed a sound-generating function to this organ complex....... A sound generator weighing upward of 10 tons and with a cross-section of 1 m is expected to generate high-intensity, directional sounds. This prediction from the Norris and Harvey theory is not supported by published data for sperm whale clicks ~source levels of 180 dB re 1 mPa and little, if any....... This implicates sonar as a possible function of the clicks. Thus, previously published properties of sperm whale clicks underestimate the capabilities of the sound generator and therefore cannot falsify the Norris and Harvey theory....

  16. Analysis on effect of low dielectric permittivity on indium-doped tin oxide based optically transparent terahertz patch antenna

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thampy, Anand Sreekantan; Darak, Mayur Sudesh; Dhamodharan, Sriram Kumar

    2016-09-01

    Indium-doped tin oxide based optically transparent rectangular patch antennas are designed to resonate at 750 GHz; one on the glass substrate and the other on the polyimide substrate. Characteristics of both the transparent antennas such as impedance bandwidth, radiation efficiency, directivity and gain are analyzed and compared. Polyimide substrate has a lower dielectric permittivity than the glass substrate. The effect of low dielectric permittivity substrate on the radiation characteristics of the terahertz transparent patch antenna is analyzed. The transparent antenna on polyimide substrate is shown to have gain greater than 3.97dB in 714-795 GHz. The proposed transparent antennas are designed and simulated by using finite element method based electromagnetic solver, Ansys-HFSS.

  17. Hydraulic conductivities of fractures and matrix in Slovenian carbonate aquifers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timotej Verbovšek

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Hydraulic conductivities and specific storage coefficients of fractures and matrix in Slovenian carbonate aquifers were determined by Barker’s method for pumping test analysis, based on fractional flow dimension. Values are presented for limestones and mainly for dolomites, and additionally for separate aquifers, divided by age andlithology in several groups. Data was obtained from hydrogeological reports for 397 water wells, and among these, 79 pumping tests were reinterpreted. Hydraulic conductivities of fractures are higher than the hydraulic conductivities of matrix, and the differences are highly statistically significant. Likewise, differences are significant for specific storage, and the values of these coefficients are higher in the matrix. Values of all coefficients vary in separate aquifers, and the differences can be explained by diagenetic effects, crystal size, degree of fracturing, andcarbonate purity. Comparison of the methods, used in the reports, and the Barker’s method (being more suitable for karstic and fractured aquifers, shows that the latter fits real data better.

  18. Exceptional gravimetric and volumetric CO2 uptake in a palladated NbO-type MOF utilizing cooperative acidic and basic, metal-CO2 interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spanopoulos, I; Bratsos, I; Tampaxis, C; Vourloumis, D; Klontzas, E; Froudakis, G E; Charalambopoulou, G; Steriotis, T A; Trikalitis, P N

    2016-08-18

    A novel NbO-type MOF is reported based on a palladated organic linker, showing a remarkable gravimetric and volumetric CO2 uptake, reaching 201.8 cm(3) g(-1) (9.0 mmol g(-1), 39.7 wt%) and 187.8 cm(3) cm(-3) at 273 K and 1 bar, respectively. Accurate theoretical calculations revealed that the exceptional CO2 uptake is due to the combination of Lewis base Pd(ii)-CO2 (24.3 kJ mol(-1)) and Lewis acid Cu(ii)-CO2 (30.3 kJ mol(-1)) interactions, as well as synergistic pore size effects. PMID:27498783

  19. Successful use of ketamin combined with remifentanil in two patients with epidermolysis bullosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İlker Öngüç Aycan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB is characterized by the presenceof extremely fragile skin and painful blister formationsin the skin. We present the anesthetic managementof 15-years-old, twin sisters with EB during the syndactylyoperation. Premedication was done with 0.5 mg/kg nasalmidazolam. Anesthesia induction was performed withsevoflurane without touching the facial masks to the skin.After intravenous 2 mg/kg ketamine and 50 μg fentanyl,anesthesia was maintained by intravenous 1 mg/kg/hrketamine and 0.1 μg/kg/min remifentanil. We injected 2mg intravenous morphine for postoperative pain control.Ketamine with remifentanil seems to be effective, simple,and safe for airway management and practical way toprovide general anesthesia and analgesia of EB. J ClinExp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 395-397Key words: Epidermolysis bullosa, ketamin, remifentanil,anesthesia

  20. Investigation of molybdenum pentachloride interaction with chlorine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Raman spectra of molybdenum pentachloride solutions in liquid chlorine lines were recorded in case of 397, 312, 410, 217 and 180 cm-1 vibrations of ν1(A1'), ν2(A1'), ν5(E'), ν6(E') and ν8(E'') monomer (symmetry D3h) molecules of MoCl5. Interaction of molten molybdenum pentachloride with chlorine at increased (up to 6 MPa) pressures of Cl2 was studied. In Raman spectra of its vapour distillation in liquid chlorine alongside with MoCl5 lines appearance of new lines at 363 and 272 cm-1, similar in their frequency to the ones calculated for the vibrations ν1(A1g) and ν2(Eg) of MoCl6 molecules (symmetry Oh), was observed

  1. Migration of Florida sub-adult Bald Eagles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mojica, E.K.; Meyers, J.M.; Millsap, B.A.; Haley, K.L.

    2008-01-01

    We used satellite telemetry locations accurate within 1 km to identify migration routes and stopover sites of 54 migratory sub-adult Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) hatched in Florida from 1997 to 2001. We measured number of days traveled during migration, path of migration, stopover time and locations, and distance traveled to and from winter and summer areas for each eagle (1?5 years old). Eagles used both Coastal Plain (n = 24) and Appalachian Mountain (n = 26) routes on their first migration north. Mountain migrants traveled farther (X = 2,112 km; 95% CI: 1,815-2,410) than coastal migrants (X = 1,397 km; 95% CI: 1,087?1,706). Eagles changed between migration routes less often on northbound and southbound movements as they matured (X2 = 13.22, df = 2, P Bald Eagles in the eastern United States.

  2. Clinical validation of a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay for rapid detection of Acinetobacter baumannii colonization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco-Lobo, P; González-Galán, V; García-Quintanilla, M; Valencia, R; Cazalla, A; Martín, C; Alonso, I; Pérez-Romero, P; Cisneros, J M; Aznar, J; McConnell, M J

    2016-09-01

    Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based approaches have not been assessed in terms of their ability to detect patients colonized by Acinetobacter baumannii during active surveillance. This prospective, double-blind study demonstrated that a real-time PCR assay had high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (91.2%) compared with conventional culture for detecting A. baumannii in 397 active surveillance samples, and provided results within 3h. Receiver-operator curve analyses demonstrated that the technique has diagnostic accuracy of 97.7% (95% confidence interval 96.0-99.3%). This method could facilitate the rapid implementation of infection control measures for preventing the transmission of A. baumannii. PMID:27206968

  3. Isotopic analyses and hydrochemistry of the thermal springs along the eastern side of the Jordan Dead Sea—Wadi Araba Rift Valley

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salameh, E.; Rimawi, O.

    1984-07-01

    The isotopic composition of the present precipitation as well as the groundwaters of Jordan is found to lie between the eastern Mediterranean and the meteoric water lines. Whereas the isotopic compositions of precipitation and groundwater from north and central Jordan plot between both lines, those of southern Jordan cluster closer to the meteoric water line. The deep sandstone aquifer complex in central Jordan receives water from the overlying Tertiary—Upper Cretaceous units as well as from the sandstones of southern Jordan. Both contributions mix in the eastern part of central Jordan, flow from there in a westerly direction and discharge on the slopes above the Dead Sea. At the interface of fresh groundwater and Dead Sea water, mixing between the latter two waters takes place under a normal geothermal gradient. The water is then discharged as thermal water with an isotopic composition following the equation: δD = 3.97 δ18O - 16.9 (%)

  4. A practical and efficient diabatization that combines Lorentz and Laplace functions to approximate nonadiabatic coupling terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Heesun; Baeck, Kyoung Koo

    2015-11-21

    A fixed relation of α × β = 1.397 between the α- and β-parameters of a Lorentz function and a Laplace function that approximates nonadiabatic coupling terms and maximizes the overlap area between the two functions was found. The mixing angle corresponding to the geometric average between the potential couplings calculated using the individual path-integral of the two functions was then used in the construction of diabatic states and the coupling of the states. Employing the new method, the actual computation of nonadiabatic coupling terms at just a few geometries before and after the guessed conical intersection is enough, and the remaining steps are straightforward and almost automatic. The new method was tested for the one-dimensional LiF system and the two-dimensional space of the collinear case of NH3Cl, and promising results were achieved. PMID:26590522

  5. Effects of Beliefs and Concerns on User Attitudes toward Online Social Network Advertising and Their Ad Clicking Behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imran Mir

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Since last few years social network sites (SNSs have rapidly grown in popularity and user acceptance globally. They have become the main place for social interaction, discussion and communication. Today, many businesses advertise their products on SNSs. The current study aims to assess the effects of SNSs consumers/users’ beliefs and concerns of social network advertising (SNA on their attitudes toward SNA and SNS banner ad-clicking behavior. Data was collected from a sample of 397 university students of Pakistan. Results show the beliefs of SNA as informative and entertaining have positive effects on user attitudes toward SNA and their ad-clicking behavior. Similarly, user concern of SNA as irritating has negative effects on both their attitudes toward SNA and ad-clicking behavior. Good for economy is an important socioeconomic belief which affects user attitudes toward SNA positively. The overall results indicate that utilitarian and hedonic aspects of SNA make SNS banner ads effective.

  6. FeCrO Nanoparticles as Anode Catalyst for Ethane Proton Conducting Fuel Cell Reactors to Coproduce Ethylene and Electricity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Hui Li

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethylene and electrical power are cogenerated in fuel cell reactors with FeCr2O4 nanoparticles as anode catalyst, La0.7Sr0.3FeO3- (LSF as cathode material, and BaCe0.7Zr0.1Y0.2O3- (BCZY perovskite oxide as proton-conducting ceramic electrolyte. FeCr2O4, BCZY and LSF are synthesized by a sol-gel combustion method. The power density increases from 70 to 240 mW cm−2, and the ethylene yield increases from about 14.1% to 39.7% when the operating temperature of the proton-conducting fuel cell reactor increases from 650∘C to 750∘C. The FeCr2O4 anode catalyst exhibits better catalytic performance than nanosized Cr2O3 anode catalyst.

  7. The Lexis plot for run-off non-life insurance companies in United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samsudin, Humaida Banu

    2014-06-01

    This study is intended to look at the company's age to be one of the predictor for financially distressed non-life insurance companies in United Kingdom. Financial distress is a condition where a company has difficulty paying off its obligations to its creditors. For this study, Lexis plot is used to identify either younger companies or older companies are in run-off. Run-off is a process where many insurance companies stop underwriting policies long before they reach financial crisis or financial distress. The study utilises financial data of 22 years from year 1985 to year 2006 for 397 companies. From the study, it is identified that younger companies are more in financial distress than older companies.

  8. Mental health predicts better academic outcomes: a longitudinal study of elementary school students in Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, J Michael; Guzmán, Javier; McCarthy, Alyssa E; Squicciarini, Ana María; George, Myriam; Canenguez, Katia M; Dunn, Erin C; Baer, Lee; Simonsohn, Ariela; Smoller, Jordan W; Jellinek, Michael S

    2015-04-01

    The world's largest school-based mental health program, Habilidades para la Vida [Skills for Life (SFL)], has been operating on a national scale in Chile for 15 years. SFL's activities include using standardized measures to screen elementary school students and providing preventive workshops to students at risk for mental health problems. This paper used SFL's data on 37,397 students who were in first grade in 2009 and third grade in 2011 to ascertain whether first grade mental health predicted subsequent academic achievement and whether remission of mental health problems predicted improved academic outcomes. Results showed that mental health was a significant predictor of future academic performance and that, overall, students whose mental health improved between first and third grade made better academic progress than students whose mental health did not improve or worsened. Our findings suggest that school-based mental health programs like SFL may help improve students' academic outcomes.

  9. Estrogen receptor alpha polymorphism and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and hip fracture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaergaard, Alisa D; Ellervik, Christina; Tybjaerg-Hansen, Anne;

    2007-01-01

    Background- We hypothesized that the estrogen receptor (ESR1) IVS1-397T/C polymorphism affects high-density lipoprotein cholesterol response to hormone replacement therapy and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer of reproductive organs, and hip fracture. Methods and Results- We studied...... cross-sectionally 9244 individuals from the Danish general population and followed them up for 23 to 25 years. End points were CVD (ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, ischemic stroke, other ischemic cerebrovascular disease, venous...... thromboembolism, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism), cancer of reproductive organs (breasts, ovaries, uterus, and prostate), and hip fracture. We also studied patients with ischemic heart disease (n=2495), ischemic cerebrovascular disease (n=856), and breast cancer (n=1256) versus general population...

  10. Sammenhængen mellem fysisk arbejdsbelastning og lænderygsmerter sløres af "healthy worker"-effekten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartvigsen, Jan; Bakketeig, Leiv S.; Leboeuf-Yde, Charlotte;

    2002-01-01

    for 1,397 (and after five years for 1,163) men and women aged 31-50 years at baseline. LBP (any LBP within the past year; LBP total during the past year; LBP > 30 days in total during tha past year) was analysed in relation to physical workload (sedentary, light physical, and heavy...... found for workers exposed to sedentary, light physical, or heavy physical work. This was true for both genders and all age and social groups. At follow-up these was a statistically significant dose-response association between any LBP and long-standing LBP during the past year and increasing physical......INTRODUCTION: Both physical and psychosocial workplace factors are considered risk factors for low back pain (LBP). However, today, no consensus has been reached regarding the exact role of these factors in the genesis of LBP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Questionnaire data were collected at baseline...

  11. Graphene/polyaniline composite sponge of three-dimensional porous network structure as supercapacitor electrode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiu-Xing, Jiang; Xu-Zhi, Zhang; Zhen-Hua, Wang; Jian-Jun, Xu

    2016-04-01

    As a supercapacitor electrode, the graphene/polyaniline (PANI) composite sponge with a three-dimensional (3D) porous network structure is synthesized by a simple three-step method. The three steps include an in situ polymerization, freeze-drying and reduction by hydrazine vapor. The prepared sponge has a large specific surface area and porous network structure, so it is in favor of spreading the electrolyte ion and increasing the charge transfer efficiency of the system. The process of preparation is simple, easy to operate and low cost. The composite sponge shows better electrochemical performance than the pure individual graphene sponge while PANI cannot keep the shape of a sponge. Such a composite sponge exhibits specific capacitances of 487 F·g‑1 at 2 mV/s compared to pristine PANI of 397 F·g‑1. Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation from Harbin University of Science and Technology and Harbin Institute of Technology.

  12. Clinical features, gene mutation and genetic counseling in Rett syndrome patients%儿童散发Rett综合征临床特征、基因突变与遗传咨询

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白欣立; 王秀霞; 张会丰; 孙艳霞; 李震中

    2013-01-01

    目的 寻找散发典型Rett综合征患儿甲基化CpG结合蛋白2基因(MECP2基因)突变,探讨基因型和表型之间的关系,并为遗传咨询提供帮助.方法 提取患者及其父母静脉血白细胞基因组DNA,使用MECP2基因外显子特异引物进行PCR扩增和DNA测序检测.结果 2例患者MECP2基因外显子1、2、3未发现突变,外显子4分别存在一种杂合错义突变,核苷酸变化分别为c.C473T和c.C397T,导致相应的氨基酸变化p.T158M和p.R133C;其父母均无相应突变;c.C397T患者的临床表型较c.C473T轻.结论 典型Rett综合征患者多数存在MECP2基因突变,应行基因检测,阳性结果患者应检测其父母相应变化,为遗传咨询提供依据.%Objective To investigate the mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2 gene) from typical sporadic Rett syndrome patients,explore the correlations between their genotype and phenotype,assist in genetic counseling.Methods Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes from 2 patients and their parents using standard protocols.Polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing were performed using specific primers from 4 exons in MECP2 gene.Results No mutations were found in exon 1,2,3.Two different heterozygous missense mutations in exon 4 within MECP2 gene were identified from 2 patients.Their nuclear acid changes were:c.C473T and c.C397T,leading to amino acid change accordingly:p.T158M and p.R133C.There were no same mutations from their parents.Phenotype of patient with c.C397T was milder than patient with c.C473T.Conclusions Most of typical Rett syndrome patients had mutations in MECP2 gene.Gene test should be performed.Their biological parents should be detected accordingly if the patient had positive found to support genetic counseling.

  13. Biomass logistics analysis for large scale biofuel production: case study of loblolly pine and switchgrass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaoming; Withers, Mitch R; Seifkar, Navid; Field, Randall P; Barrett, Steven R H; Herzog, Howard J

    2015-05-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the costs, energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the biomass supply chain for large scale biofuel production. Two types of energy crop were considered, switchgrass and loblolly pine, as representative of herbaceous and woody biomass. A biomass logistics model has been developed to estimate the feedstock supply system from biomass production through transportation. Biomass in the form of woodchip, bale and pellet was investigated with road, railway and waterway transportation options. Our analysis indicated that the farm or forest gate cost is lowest for loblolly pine whole tree woodchip at $39.7/dry tonne and highest for switchgrass round bale at $72.3/dry tonne. Switchgrass farm gate GHG emissions is approximately 146kgCO2e/dry tonne, about 4 times higher than loblolly pine. The optimum biomass transportation mode and delivered form are determined by the tradeoff between fixed and variable costs for feedstock shipment.

  14. Pyrrolopyridine inhibitors of mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK-2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, David R; Meyers, Marvin J; Vernier, William F; Mahoney, Matthew W; Kurumbail, Ravi G; Caspers, Nicole; Poda, Gennadiy I; Schindler, John F; Reitz, David B; Mourey, Robert J

    2007-05-31

    A new class of potent kinase inhibitors selective for mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MAPKAP-K2 or MK-2) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis has been prepared and evaluated. These inhibitors have IC50 values as low as 10 nM against the target and have good selectivity profiles against a number of kinases including CDK2, ERK, JNK, and p38. These MK-2 inhibitors have been shown to suppress TNFalpha production in U397 cells and to be efficacious in an acute inflammation model. The structure-activity relationships of this series, the selectivity for MK-2 and their activity in both in vitro and in vivo models are discussed. The observed selectivity is discussed with the aid of an MK-2/inhibitor crystal structure.

  15. Internal polarized deuterium target with cryogenic atomic beam source

    CERN Document Server

    Dyug, M V; Lazarenko, B A; Mishnev, S I; Nikolenko, D M; Rachek, Igor A; Shestakov, Yu V; Sadykov, R S; Toporkov, D K; Zevakov, S A; Osipov, A V; Stibunov, V N

    2002-01-01

    Description of the polarized deuterium gas target used at the VEPP-3 electron storage ring for experiments on elastic and inelastic ed scattering is given. Superconducting sextupole magnets with the pole tip magnetic field up to 4.8 T are used in atomic beam source (ABS) to focus atoms. The flux of polarized atoms injected into the storage cell was measured to be 8.2x10 sup 1 sup 6 at/s for deuterium and 7.9x10 sup 1 sup 6 at/s for hydrogen. The measured target thickness 8x10 sup 1 sup 3 at/cm sup 2 is consistent with the thickness calculated from the measured beam intensity. The effective tensor polarization of the deuterium target during the experiment was found to be P sub z sub z =0.397. Further improvements of the target and possible limitation of the beam intensity from ABS are discussed.

  16. Activity Enhancement of Pt/Ba/Al2O3 Mixed with Mn/Ba/Al2O3 for NOx Storage-reduction by Hydrogen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian Hua XIAO; Xue Hui LI; Sha DENG; Fu Rong WANG; Le Fu WANG

    2006-01-01

    Mn/Ba/Al2O3 catalyst for NO oxidation-storage and Pt/Ba/Al2O3 catalyst mixed with Mn/Ba/Al2O3 for NOx storage-reduction by hydrogen were investigated. The results showed that Mn/Ba/Al2O3 had large nitrogen oxides storage capacity (397.9 μmolg-1) under lean bum condition.When Pt/Ba/Al2O3 catalyst was mixed with Mn/Ba/Al2O3 in equal weight proportion, the NOx conversion increased between 250 ℃ and 500 ℃ under the dynamic lean-rich bum conditions, and the maximum NOx conversion increased from 95.4% to 98.2%. Mn/Ba/Al2O3 has promoted NOx storing in the lean stage and improved NOx reduction efficiency in the rich stage, these might result in higher NOx conversion over the low Pt loading content catalyst.

  17. Node dynamics and cusps size distribution at the border of liquid sheets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villermaux, E.; Almarcha, C.

    2016-08-01

    We study the intrinsic dynamics of cusps, or indentations, moving along a liquid sheet border, and characterize their ensemble statistics. Gordillo and collaborators [J. Fluid Mech. 754, R1 (2014), 10.1017/jfm.2014.397] have shown that the symmetrical stationary cusp is the only structure accommodating for both mass and momentum conservation at a steadily receding liquid sheet rim. Cusps are also known to typically move along a sheet border, to present an asymmetry, and to be distributed in size around a mean. We show here why a heterogeneous assembly of cusps traveling along the sheet rim occurs spontaneously, why big and small cusps coexist at the same time, and, more precisely, we establish a specific link between the microscopic dynamics directing their motion, and the ensemble averaged distribution of their sizes.

  18. Preparation of methodology for reliability analysis of selected digital segments of the instrumentation and control systems of NPPs. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report is structured as follows: (i) Introduction; (ii) Important notions relating to the safety and dependability of software systems for nuclear power plants (selected notions from IAEA Technical Report No. 397; safety aspects of software application; reliability/dependability aspects of digital systems); (iii) Peculiarities of digital systems and ways to a dependable performance of the required function (failures in the system and principles of defence against them; ensuring resistance of digital systems against failures at various hardware and software levels); (iv) The issue of analytical procedures to assess the safety and reliability of safety-related digital systems (safety and reliability assessment at an early stage of the project; general framework of reliability analysis of complex systems; choice of an appropriate quantitative measure of software reliability); (v) Selected qualitative and quantitative information about the reliability of digital systems; the use of relations between the incidence of various types of faults); and (vi) Conclusions and recommendations. (P.A.)

  19. High Power Nd:YAG Thin Disk Laser Pumped by 2D-Stacks Diode Array%二维阵列二极管抽运的高功率Nd:YAG薄片激光器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐淳; 涂波; 蒋建峰; 高松信; 高清松; 姚震宇; 武德勇

    2004-01-01

    介绍了适合高光束质量高平均功率的薄片型DPL原理,给出了设计原则并进行了实验.激光介质采用Nd:YAG,厚1 mm,增益区面积5 mm×7 mm,Nd掺杂浓度1.4%.用自行研制的CW1 kW铜微通道冷却二维阵列二极管激光抽运源,在20%占空比Q-CW抽运下,获得397 W输出,光-光转换效率39.3%.

  20. Study of multipion systems produced in the reaction π+N→Nπ+π+π-π0π0 at 3.5GeV/c

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A detailed analysis is presented of events belonging to the final state N2π+π-2π0 produced in π+ nuclei interactions at 3,5 GeV/c in a heavy liquid bubble chamber. Individual particle momentum distributions as well as center of mass angular emission distributions display deviations from the statistical phase space. A strong angular correlation is found in particular between the two π0 which can not be explained by the symmetrization of the wave functions and which produces an enhancement at low π0π0 masses. The ω0 production is found in 39+-7% of the events and the cross section on hydrogen is estimated at 1.1+-0.3 mb

  1. Características familiares y apoyo percibido entre adolescentes brasileños con y sin experiencia de embarazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Diniz Bensaja dei Schiro

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aimed to investigate how adolescents with pregnancy experience evaluate received support from their families in comparison with an adolescent group without pregnancy experience. 452 low income adolescents, both sex, aged 14 to 19 years old answered to a questionnaire. The results revealed that more girls (64.2 % than boys (35.8 % declared pregnancy experience, χ2 (2, n = 2617 = 48.32, p < .001. Moreover, it was observed that the group with pregnancy experience, in comparison with other group, revealed more perception on the family relationships safety, t (408 = -3.0, p < .01; mutual respect among family members in their homes, t (392 = -2.3, p < .05; and received stronger general support from their family, t (397 = -1,3, p < .05. These results are discussed.

  2. New White Dwarf Stars in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10

    CERN Document Server

    Kepler, S O; Koester, Detlev; Ourique, Gustavo; Kleinman, Scot J; Romero, Alejandra Daniela; Nitta, Atsuko; Eisenstein, Daniel J; Costa, José Eduardo da Silveira; Külebi, Baybars; Jordan, Stefan; Dufour, Patrick; Giommi, Paolo; Rebassa-Mansergas, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    We report the discovery of 9 088 new spectroscopically confirmed white dwarfs and subdwarfs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10. We obtain Teff, log g and mass for hydrogen atmosphere white dwarf stars (DAs) and helium atmosphere white dwarf stars (DBs), and estimate the calcium/helium abundances for the white dwarf stars with metallic lines (DZs) and carbon/helium for carbon dominated spectra DQs. We found 1 central star of a planetary nebula, 2 new oxygen spectra on helium atmosphere white dwarfs, 71 DQs, 42 hot DO/PG1159s, 171 white dwarf+main sequence star binaries, 206 magnetic DAHs, 327 continuum dominated DCs, 397 metal polluted white dwarfs, 450 helium dominated white dwarfs, 647 subdwarfs and 6887 new hydrogen dominated white dwarf stars.

  3. Worldwide trends in diabetes since 1980

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Peter; Andersen, Lars Bo; Bugge, Anna;

    2016-01-01

    5.0% (2.9-7.9) to 7.9% (6.4-9.7) in women. The number of adults with diabetes in the world increased from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014 (28.5% due to the rise in prevalence, 39.7% due to population growth and ageing, and 31.8% due to interaction of these two factors). Age...... western Europe, although crude prevalence rose because of ageing of the population. By contrast, age-standardised adult prevalence rose by 15 percentage points in men and women in Polynesia and Micronesia. In 2014, American Samoa had the highest national prevalence of diabetes (>30% in both sexes...... in prevalence, together with population growth and ageing, are affecting the number of adults with diabetes. METHODS: We pooled data from population-based studies that had collected data on diabetes through measurement of its biomarkers. We used a Bayesian hierarchical model to estimate trends in diabetes...

  4. Vector competence of Culex tarsalis from Orange County, California, for West Nile virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turell, Michael J; O'Guinn, Monica L; Dohm, David J; Webb, James P; Sardelis, Michael R

    2002-01-01

    To evaluate the vector competence of Culex tarsalis Coquillett for West Nile virus (WN), females reared from larvae collected in Huntington Beach, Orange County, CA, were fed on 2-3-day-old chickens previously inoculated with a New York strain (Crow 397-99) of WN. The Cx. tarsalis mosquitoes were efficient laboratory vectors of WN, with estimated transmission rates of 81% and 91% for mosquitoes that ingested 10(6.5) or 10(7.3) plaque-forming units of WN/mL of blood, respectively. Based on efficiency of viral transmission and the role of this species in the transmission of the closely related St. Louis encephalitis virus, Cx. tarsalis should be considered a potentially important vector of WN in the western United States.

  5. Vector competence of three North American strains of Aedes albopictus for West Nile virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sardelis, Michael R; Turell, Michael J; O'Guinn, Monica L; Andre, Richard G; Roberts, Donald R

    2002-12-01

    To evaluate the potential for North American (NA) Aedes albopictus to transmit West Nile virus (WN), mosquito strains derived from 3 NA sources (Frederick County, Maryland, FRED strain; Cheverly, MD, CHEV strain; Chambers and Liberty counties, Texas, TAMU strain) were tested. These strains were tested along with a previously tested strain from a Hawaiian source (OAHU strain). Mosquitoes were fed on 2- to 3-day-old chickens previously inoculated with a New York strain (Crow 397-99) of WN. All of the NA strains were competent laboratory vectors of WN, with transmission rates of 36, 50, 83, and 92% for the FRED, CHEV, OAHU, and TAMU strains, respectively. The extrinsic incubation period for WN in Ae. albopictus held at 26 degrees C was estimated to be 10 days. Based on efficiency of viral transmission, evidence of natural infection, bionomics, and distribution, Ae. albopictus could be an important bridge vector of WN in the southeastern USA.

  6. HPLC法测定消眩止晕片中天麻素的含量%Determination of Gastrodine in Vertigo-eliminating and Syncope-stopping Tablets With HPLC Mehtod

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡盛松

    2008-01-01

    目的:建立消眩止晕片中天麻素的含量测定方法.方法:色谱柱:kromasil C18柱;流动相乙腈-水(3:97);检测波长:220 nm;流速:1.0 ml·min-1.结果:天麻素线性范围为21~206 μg/ml,r=0.9997,回收率为98.55%,RSD%为1.67%.结论:本方法简便、可靠、重现性较好.能起到控制消眩止晕片中天麻素含量的作用.

  7. Plasma concentration of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) predicts cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in type 1 diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lajer, M.; Tarnow, L.; Jorsal, A.;

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether circulating asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels are predictive of cardiovascular events, decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and all-cause mortality in type 1 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We...... performed a prospective observational follow-up study including 397 type 1 diabetic patients with overt diabetic nephropathy (243 men aged 42.1 +/- 10.5 years, GFR 76 +/- 34 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) and a control group of 175 patients with longstanding type 1 diabetes and persistent normoalbuminuria (104 men...... aged 42.7 +/- 9.7 years, duration of diabetes 27.7 +/- 8.3 years). Patients were followed for a median 11.3 years (range 0.0-12.9) with yearly measurements of GFR ((51)Cr-EDTA plasma clearance) in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Endpoints were fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular disease (CVD...

  8. 2-(4-Fluorophenyl-5-iodo-3-phenylsulfinyl-1-benzofuran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong Dae Choi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, C20H12FIO2S, the dihedral angles between the mean plane [r.m.s. deviation = 0.014 (1 Å] of the benzofuran fragment and the pendant 4-fluorophenyl and phenyl rings are 8.0 (1 and 86.06 (6°, respectively. In the crystal, molecules are linked by weak C—H...O hydrogen bonds. The crystal structure also exhibits weak π–π interactions between the furan and benzene rings of neighbouring molecules [centroid–centroid distance = 3.547 (2 Å, interplanar distance = 3.397 (2 Å and slippage = 1.021 (2 Å].

  9. Long-term improvement of lung clearance index in patients with mild cystic fibrosis lung disease: Does hypertonic saline play a role?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellemunter, Helmut; Eder, Johannes; Fuchs, Susanne; Gappa, Monika; Steinkamp, Gratiana

    2016-01-01

    To assess whether long-term inhalation with hypertonic saline is able to halt the progression of mild CF lung disease, we analysed longitudinal data of lung clearance index (LCI) and spirometry. A total of 34 patients with mild lung disease (FEV1 ≥ 70% of predicted) had at least one LCI result before and ≥2 LCI measurements after start of hypertonic saline (HS) therapy. After a mean follow-up of 39.7 (SD 7.4) months after starting HS, LCI improved significantly from 7.89 (SD 1.35) at baseline to 6.96 (SD 1.03), and 19/34 patients had a normal LCI value at the last measurement. No decrease in mean FEV1 was observed. Thus, ventilation inhomogeneity can improve in patients with mild lung disease. PMID:26190829

  10. Spanier spaces and covering theory of non-homotopically path Hausdorff spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Pakdaman, Ali; Mashayekhy, Behrooz

    2011-01-01

    H. Fischer et al. (Topology and its Application, 158 (2011) 397-408.) introduced the Spanier group of a based space $(X,x)$ which is denoted by $\\psp$. By a Spanier space we mean a space $X$ such that $\\psp=\\pi_1(X,x)$, for every $x\\in X$. In this paper, first we give some examples of Spanier spaces. Then we study the influence of the Spanier group on covering theory and introduce Spanier coverings which are universal coverings in the categorical sense. Second, we give a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of Spanier coverings for non-homotopically path Hausdorff spaces. Finally, we study the topological properties of Spanier groups and prove that the topological fundamental groups of spaces with trivial Spanier groups have $T_1$ topology.

  11. Individuals with pronounced schizotypal traits are particularly successful in tickling themselves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemaitre, Anne-Laure; Luyat, Marion; Lafargue, Gilles

    2016-04-01

    We assessed self-tickling sensations in a group of participants high in schizotypal traits (n=27) and group of participants low in schizotypal traits (n=27). The groups were formed by screening a pool of 397 students for extreme scores in the French version of the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire. As observed in a previous study involving psychiatric people with auditory hallucinations and/or passivity experiences our results showed that self-applied tactile stimulations are felt to be more ticklish by healthy individuals high in schizotypal traits. In contrast, there were no significant intergroup differences in the mean tickle rating in the externally-produced tickling condition. Furthermore, more successful self-tickling was associated with more frequent self-reports of unusual perceptual experiences (such as supernatural experiences) and passivity experiences in particular (such as a feeling of being under the control of an outside force or power). PMID:26891191

  12. Genetic Variation in the Natriuretic Peptide System, Circulating Natriuretic Peptide Levels, and Blood Pressure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Jørgen L; Nielsen, Søren J; Torp-Pedersen, Christian;

    2012-01-01

    BackgroundIn a large collaborative study (n > 50,000), common variants in the natriuretic peptide (NP) genes were found to be associated with circulating NP levels and also with blood pressure (BP) levels based on office BP measurements (OBPMs). It is unknown if determining an individual's BP by 24...... determined by both 24-h ABPMs and OBPMs in a population consisting of 1,397 generally healthy individuals taking no BP-lowering drugs.Resultsrs632793 was significantly correlated with serum Nt-proBNP levels (r = 0.10, P = 0.0003), and participants with the A:A genotype had lower serum Nt-proBNP levels than...

  13. New radiometric ages for the BH-1 hominin from Balanica (Serbia: implications for understanding the role of the Balkans in Middle Pleistocene human evolution.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William J Rink

    Full Text Available Newly obtained ages, based on electron spin resonance combined with uranium series isotopic analysis, and infrared/post-infrared luminescence dating, provide a minimum age that lies between 397 and 525 ka for the hominin mandible BH-1 from Mala Balanica cave, Serbia. This confirms it as the easternmost hominin specimen in Europe dated to the Middle Pleistocene. Inferences drawn from the morphology of the mandible BH-1 place it outside currently observed variation of European Homo heidelbergensis. The lack of derived Neandertal traits in BH-1 and its contemporary specimens in Southeast Europe, such as Kocabaş, Vasogliano and Ceprano, coupled with Middle Pleistocene synapomorphies, suggests different evolutionary forces acting in the east of the continent where isolation did not play such an important role during glaciations.

  14. Rolling Friction Torque in Ball-Race Contacts Operating in Mixed Lubrication Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Rodica D. Bălan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on a theoretical model and an experimental methodology for defining the friction torque for lubricated conditions in a modified thrust ball bearing having only three balls, the authors experimentally investigated the influence of the lubricant parameter Λ on friction torque for mixed IVR (isoviscous rigid and EHL (elastohydrodynamic lubrication conditions. The experiments were conducted using ball diameters of 3 mm, 3.97 mm and 6.35 mm loaded at 0.125 N, 0.400 N and 0.633 N. Two oils of viscosity 0.08 Pa·s and 0.05 Pa·s were used and rotational speed was varied in the range 60–210 rpm to obtain a lubricant parameter Λ varying between 0.3 and 3.2. The experiments confirmed that the measured friction torque can be explained using hydrodynamic rolling force relationships respecting the transition from an IVR to an EHL lubrication regime.

  15. Cooperative medical insurance and the cost of care in Shandong, PR China: perspectives of patients and community members.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmood, Mohammad Afzal; Raulli, Alexandra; Yan, Wang; Dong, Han; Aiguo, Zhang; Ping, Dong

    2015-03-01

    This research was conducted to identify the cost of care associated with utilization of village clinics and membership of the New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) in 2 counties of Shandong province, PR China. A total of 397 community members and 297 patients who used the village clinics were interviewed. The average cost for primary care treatment of 1 episode of illness was about 55 yuan (about US$8). Although more than 50% of people had NCMS membership, many consider the monetary reimbursements as insufficient. The low insurance reimbursement rates and inability to pay out-of-pocket expenses compromise access to care. Delays can cause more serious illnesses with potential to overburden the secondary care at the township and county hospitals. Those rural people who have not yet enjoyed the benefits of China's economic development may not benefit from recent health care reform and finance mechanisms unless schemes such as the NCMS provide more substantial subsidies. PMID:20702447

  16. Comment on `Stability analysis and controller synthesis for discrete linear time-delay systems with state saturation nonlinearities'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadepalli, Siva Kumar; Krishna Rao Kandanvli, V.; Kar, Haranath

    2015-11-01

    A recently reported paper (Ji, X., Liu, T., Sun, Y., and Su, H. (2011), 'Stability analysis and controller synthesis for discrete linear time-delay systems with state saturation nonlinearities', International Journal of Systems Science, 42, 397-406) for the global asymptotic stability analysis and controller synthesis for a class of discrete linear time delay systems employing state saturation nonlinearities is reviewed. It is claimed in Ji, Liu, Sun and Su (2011) that a previous approach by Kandanvli and Kar (Kandanvli, V.K.R and Kar, H. (2009), 'Robust stability of discrete-time state-delayed systems with saturation nonlinearities: Linear matrix inequality approach', Signal Processing, 89, 161-173) is recovered from their approach as a special case. It is shown that this claim is not justified.

  17. Fish oil supplementation during pregnancy and offspring risk of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strøm, Marin; Maslova, E.; Hansen, S.;

    2013-01-01

    of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA Background: Fish oil contains docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the most abundant fatty acid in the cerebral cortex. Previous studies have suggested beneficial effects of maternal DHA intake on brain development and psychopathology in the offspring....... Objective: To examine the effect of fish oil supplementation in pregnancy on offspring risk of attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression. Methods: We used data from 397 and 654 singleton offspring of mothers who were randomized to fish oil (providing 1 g/day of DHA) or olive oil during...... pregnancy as participants in: the RCT90, a single center trial enrolling normal pregnancies in 1990, and FOTIP, a multicenter trial enrolling high-risk pregnancies during 1990–1996. We used definitions of ADHD and depression based on ICD-10 codes and drug dispensary data, using information on first...

  18. Pore chemistry and size control in hybrid porous materials for acetylene capture from ethylene

    KAUST Repository

    Cui, X.

    2016-05-20

    The trade-off between physical adsorption capacity and selectivity of porous materials is a major barrier for efficient gas separation and purification through physisorption. We report control over pore chemistry and size in metal coordination networks with hexafluorosilicate and organic linkers for the purpose of preferential binding and orderly assembly of acetylene molecules through cooperative host-guest and/or guest-guest interactions. The specific binding sites for acetylene are validated by modeling and neutron powder diffraction studies. The energies associated with these binding interactions afford high adsorption capacity (2.1 millimoles per gram at 0.025 bar) and selectivity (39.7 to 44.8) for acetylene at ambient conditions. Their efficiency for the separation of acetylene/ethylene mixtures is demonstrated by experimental breakthrough curves (0.73 millimoles per gram from a 1/99 mixture).

  19. Differentiating autism spectrum disorder and overlapping psychopathology with a brief version of the social responsiveness scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moul, Caroline; Cauchi, Avril; Hawes, David J; Brennan, John; Dadds, Mark R

    2015-02-01

    The Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) is a well-established measure of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet it is known to suffer reduced specificity in samples of children with comorbid emotional or behavioural problems. This research examined the specificity of the SRS in children with mixed presentations of internalising and externalising psychopathology and ASD. Participants were 522 (397 male) children aged between 4 and 16 years. The associations between SRS total scores and diagnoses were determined using partial correlations and analyses of variance. A subsample of participants with a single diagnosis was used to identify a subset of questions that distinguished between ASD and all other diagnoses. These items were used to create the 16-item SRS-brief. The SRS was found to have good reliability and sensitivity but poor specificity. The SRS-brief had good psychometric properties and was found to be a more accurate tool for the screening of ASD than the original SRS. PMID:24604214

  20. Nuclear science and technology plan (1989-1993)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear science and technology plan embodies the objectives strategies and activities of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI). It is an integral component of the national effort to make the Philippines a newly industrialized country (NIC) by the year 2000. The four major plans under the program are as follows: 1) Radiation protection and nuclear safety, 2) Radiation technology and engineering, 3) Radioisotopes and nuclear techniques application and 4) special projects. The cost of the plan is estimated to be two hundred ninety three million pesos (293, 000,000) for 1989-1993 covering personnel services (39.7%), maintenance and operating expenses (42.7%), equipment outlay (4.8%) and infrastructure (12.8%). The details of the different programs are given. (ELC). 7 figs.; 8 tabs

  1. Assessment of Ground Water Quality in Rajajinagar of Bangalore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alimuddin

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Water borne diseases continue to be a dominant cause of water borne morbidities and mortality all over the world. Hence, drinking water needs to be protected from pollution and biological contamination. Ground water samples were collected from ten different sampling point in Rajajinagar area of Bangalore and analysed for water quality parameters viz. pH , total alkalinity, chloride, total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, dissolved oxygen, BOD, COD and total hardness. The pH value of the study area ranges between 7.3 to 8.4 indicating that ground water is slightly alkaline. The total alkalinity are varied in the range from 122 to 282 mg/l which is well within the limit prescribed by BIS. The TDS value found from 397 to 546 mg/l. The values of hardness of water ranges from 125 to 267 mg/l which is within the prescribed limit as per BIS.

  2. Crystal structure of ethyl (2Z-2-cyano-3-[(3-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamino]prop-2-enoate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel T. Mague

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C16H16N4O2, crystallizes with two molecules in the asymmetric unit, one of which shows disorder of the acetate group over two sets of sites in a 0.799 (2:0.201 (2 ratio. The phenyl group has a similar but opposite sense of twist relative to the pyrazole ring in the two molecules, as indicated by the syn N—N—Car—Car (ar = aromatic torsion angles of 39.7 (2 and −36.9 (2°. Each molecule features an intramolecular N—H...O hydrogen bond, which closes an S(6 ring. In the crystal, C—H...O and C—H...N interactions direct the packing into a layered structure parallel to (110.

  3. Psychiatric genetic testing: Attitudes and intentions among future users and providers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laegsgaard, Mett Marri; Mors, Ole

    2008-01-01

    as a guide in this field, but the optimal utilization of genetic testing has also been recognized to depend on knowledge of the potential consumers' attitudes. To provide knowledge to inform the public debate on mental illness and genetics, and the future conducting of psychiatric genetic testing...... and counseling, we surveyed attitudes toward psychiatric genetic testing among 397 patients with a psychiatric diagnosis, 164 of their relatives and 100 medical and psychology students. The results showed widespread interest in psychiatric genetic testing of self and child, but less support for prenatal testing...... and differences in attitudes among possible future users and providers of psychiatric genetic testing and counseling indicate ambivalence, insecurity, and perceived lack of knowledge in relation to psychiatric genetics. These results should inform further research and the future integration of psychiatric...

  4. Future work selves: how salient hoped-for identities motivate proactive career behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strauss, Karoline; Griffin, Mark A; Parker, Sharon K

    2012-05-01

    The term future work self refers to an individual's representation of himself or herself in the future that reflects his or her hopes and aspirations in relation to work. The clearer and more accessible this representation, the more salient the future work self. An initial study with 2 samples (N = 397; N = 103) showed that future work self salience was distinct from established career concepts and positively related to individuals' proactive career behavior. A follow-up longitudinal analysis, Study 2 (N = 53), demonstrated that future work self salience had a lagged effect on proactive career behavior. In Study 3 (N = 233), we considered the role of elaboration, a further attribute of a future work self, and showed that elaboration motivated proactive career behavior only when future work self salience was also high. Together the studies suggest the power of future work selves as a motivational resource for proactive career behavior.

  5. Prevalence of G6PD deficiency among recruits in the Singapore Armed Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, M K; Tan, E H; Wan, A; Chao, A K

    1995-03-01

    Between 1986 and 1990, 107,397 National Servicemen between the ages of 17 to 18 years were screened on enlistment for Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) enzyme activity by fluorescent spot test. The overall prevalence rate was 1.6% with ethnic differences as follows: 1.62% for Chinese, 1.80% for Malay, 0.76% for Indian and 0.68% for other races. The majority had no prior knowledge of their G6PD deficiency status (89.9%), or of any significant haemolytic episode (93.3%). The rest gave a history of neonatal jaundice, non-neonatal jaundice, anaemia and haemoglobinuria. Maloprim, fava beans, sulphur drugs and aspirin were cited as triggering factors. PMID:7653979

  6. Optical Properties of Co2+ Doped ZnS Nanocrystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, R.; Kumbhakar, P.; Mitra, A. K.

    2010-10-01

    ZnS nanocrystals with Co2+ doping have been prepared through a soft chemical route. The undoped ZnS and Co2+ doped ZnS:Co nanocrystals have been analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), and ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS) spectrophotometer. Undoped sample exhibits room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) emission in the blue region with a broad spectral band peaked at ˜397 nm under UV excitation. But from the 1.5% Co2+ doped samples, a strong blue emission peaked at ˜470 nm is observed and further increase in doping leads to considerable blue shift and enhancement in intensity of the PL spectrum.

  7. Complete mitochondrial DNA genome of Polytremis nascens (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Weibin; Zhu, Jianqing; Yang, Qichang; Zhao, Huidong; Chen, Minghan; He, Haiyan; Yu, Weidong

    2016-09-01

    In this study, the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence of Polytremis nascens (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) was determined. The 15,392 bp mitogenome with GenBank accession number KM981865 contained 13 protein genes, 22 tRNAs, 2 rRNAs, and a non-coding control region (D-loop). All the 37 typical animal mitochondrial genes were found. The overall base composition was 39.7% A, 40.7% T, 7.7% G and 11.9% C, with a high A + T content (80.4%). This complete mitogenome of P. nascens provides a basic data for studies on species identification, molecular systematics and conservation genetics. PMID:25690054

  8. Red luminescence from hydrothermally synthesized Eu-doped ZnO nanoparticles under visible excitation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    P M Aneesh; M K Jayaraj

    2010-06-01

    Eu-doped ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The Eu-dopant concentration has been varied by varying the amount of Eu-dopant concentration. These nanoparticles were structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and selected area electron diffraction and it confirms the formation of nanoparticles having standard wurtzite structure. Photoluminescence studies show that these nanoparticles exhibit a sharp red luminescence due to the intra-4 transitions of Eu3+ ions at an excitation of 397 nm and 466 nm. Luminescence quenching is observed in the nanoparticles as the Eu-dopant concentration increases. Incorporation of Eu in the nanoparticles was confirmed by the energy dispersive X-ray studies.

  9. Interaction of molybdophosphates with palladium(II) salts in aqueous solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The methods of electron and 31P NMR spectroscopies were used to study the interaction of H3PMo12O40 with H2PdCl4 or PdSO4 in aqueous solution at pH 3.0-4.5 and the ratio [Pd(II)]:[H3PMo12O40]=1:1. Palladium(II) remains in solution in the form of intensely colored hydroxo species and does not change the structure of the newly formed unsaturated heteropolymolybdates PMo11O397- and PMo9O349- as shown by NMR data. Heteropoly compounds precipitated from tetrabutylammonium or cesium salts were characterized using IR spectroscopy, differential dissolution and elemental analysis. It was found that the composition of a compound was affected by not only formation conditions in the solution but also the precipitant cation

  10. Sequence analysis of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer 2 of five species of South American human malaria mosquitoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, G N

    1998-03-01

    The rDNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) was sequenced for 5 species of mosquitoes that may be important vectors of human malaria in certain regions of South America and are difficult to distinguish by morphology: Anopheles evansae, An. nuneztovari, An. rangeli, An. strodei and An. trinkae. ITS2 sequences from samples collected in Ecuador, Bolivia, Venezuela and Brazil were aligned and compared in order to determine the usefulness of this spacer for the elaboration of species specific primers and DNA probes. The ITS2 was found to be different in size (ranging from 333 to 397 bp) and sequence between all pairs of species. Highly variable regions were found primarily at the 3' end of the spacer and were interspersed with relatively conserved sites. Instraspecific sequence variation was limited to a single transversion between specimens of An. rangeli from distant geographic locations suggesting concerted evolution and homogenization of the ITS2. PMID:10520449

  11. Degradation of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural during yeast fermentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akıllıoglu, Halise Gül; Mogol, Burçe Ataç; Gökmen, Vural

    2011-12-01

    5-Hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF) may occur in malt in high quantities depending on roasting conditions. However, the HMF content of different types of beers is relatively low, indicating its potential for degradation during fermentation. This study investigates the degradation kinetics of HMF in wort during fermentation by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The results indicated that HMF decreased exponentially as fermentation progressed. The first-order degradation rate of HMF was 0.693 × 10(-2) and 1.397 × 10(-2)min(-1) for wort and sweet wort, respectively, indicating that sugar enhances the activity of yeasts. In wort, HMF was converted into hydroxymethyl furfuryl alcohol by yeasts with a high yield (79-84% conversion). Glucose and fructose were utilised more rapidly by the yeasts in dark roasted malt than in pale malt (pyeast cells, and presence of sugars in the fermentation medium increases this activity. PMID:22010851

  12. Quality control for radiotherapy in Hodgkin's disease: future prospects; Controle de qualite de la radiotherapie dans la maladie de Hodgkin: perspectives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennequin, C. [Hopital Saint-Louis, 75 - Paris (France); Carrie, C. [Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Leon-Berard, 69 - Lyon (France); Hofstetter, S. [Centre Alexis-Vautrin, 54 - Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France); Girinski, T. [Institut Gustave Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France); Cosset, J.M. [Institut Curie, 75 - Paris (France)

    1999-11-01

    Quality control is becoming an increasingly important factor in all prospective trials including irradiation. We have recently reported the findings of the French treatment centres in the context of the EORTC/GELA H8 trial regarding the quality of radiotherapy in patients with supra-diaphragmatic Hodgkin's disease, in which the following was observed: there were 13.6% major deviations from the norm in terms of the volume treated, and 39.7% major deviations in terms of dose (a difference of over 10% compared with the prescribed close). Only 300 technical files out of over 1600 cases included in the protocol were examined. For the forthcoming EORTC H9 trial, a simplified procedure has been developed which should enable a full analysis of the total number of patient technical files. (author)

  13. Graphene/polyaniline composite sponge of three-dimensional porous network structure as supercapacitor electrode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiu-Xing, Jiang; Xu-Zhi, Zhang; Zhen-Hua, Wang; Jian-Jun, Xu

    2016-04-01

    As a supercapacitor electrode, the graphene/polyaniline (PANI) composite sponge with a three-dimensional (3D) porous network structure is synthesized by a simple three-step method. The three steps include an in situ polymerization, freeze-drying and reduction by hydrazine vapor. The prepared sponge has a large specific surface area and porous network structure, so it is in favor of spreading the electrolyte ion and increasing the charge transfer efficiency of the system. The process of preparation is simple, easy to operate and low cost. The composite sponge shows better electrochemical performance than the pure individual graphene sponge while PANI cannot keep the shape of a sponge. Such a composite sponge exhibits specific capacitances of 487 F·g-1 at 2 mV/s compared to pristine PANI of 397 F·g-1. Project supported by the Natural Science Foundation from Harbin University of Science and Technology and Harbin Institute of Technology.

  14. NuTEC annual report (April 1, 2000 - March 31, 2001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-10-01

    This report summarizes the educational activities and related management of the Nuclear Technology and Education Center (NuTEC) during the 1999 fiscal year. Both Tokyo and Tokai Education Centers have successfully conducted almost all the planned domestic and international training courses. In addition Tokai Education Center has performed the 2nd nuclear supervisor training course and introduced a new course for special nuclear emergency preparedness in response to the legal amendment after the criticality accident. The sum total number of participants was 1,397. The International Technology Transfer Division has not only planned and organized the international training courses, but also taken charge of the 2nd workshop on Human Resource Development in Nuclear Field in Asian Region. Furthermore, various researches have been made to improve the educational programs. (author)

  15. Landscape preservation under ice? In-situ 10Be and 26Al from summit surfaces along Sognefjord, Norway

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jane Lund; Egholm, David Lundbek; Knudsen, Mads Faurschou;

    then be used to determine the total Quaternary bedrock erosion between the summits. However, the amount of Quaternary erosion of these summit flats remains debated (e.g. Steer, 2012) Here, we present an extensive new dataset of in-situ produced cosmogenic 10Be and 26Al in bedrock and boulders from high...... and flat summits along a 200 km long transect from the coast to the inner parts of Sognefjorden. Our results indicate substantial glacial modification of the summits within the last 50 ka. Close to the coast, at an elevation of around 700 meters, the cosmogenic nuclide signal was reset around the Younger...... et al. Landscape preservation under Fennoscandian ice sheets determined from in situ produced 10 Be and 26 Al. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 201(2), 397-406, 2002. Gjermundsen et al. Minimal erosion of Arctic alpine topography during late Quaternary glaciation. Nature Geoscience 8(10), 789...

  16. Study on Microstructure and Nanomechanics Properties of Antibacterial Bone China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Zhenyu; Li Hongqi; Zhang Jin; Zhou Hongxiu; Wang Lijuan; Zhang Taihua

    2004-01-01

    Fracture appearance, surface and nanomechanics properties of antibacterial ceramics contairing rare earth phosphate composite antibacterial materials were characterized and measured by SEM, AFM and Nanoindenter, respectively. Results show that grain of fracture surface of antibacterial ceramics grows uniform refinement topography of bubble break-up appears at the surface, which is flat and has liquid character, by adding the phosphate composite containing rare earth, nevertheless needle-like crystal and granular outgrowth form at fracture surface and surface of common ceramics, respectively. Young's modulus of antibacterial ceramic film is 74. 397 GPa and hardness is 8. 134 GPa, which increses by 4.4% and 1.6% comparing with common ceramics, respectively. Loading curves of two kind of ceramics have obvious nonlinear character under 700 nm and linear character between 700 ~ 1000 nm, and unloading curve have obvious linear character.

  17. Big five personality and residential mobility: a state-level analysis of the USA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCann, Stewart J H

    2015-01-01

    Relations of the state-aggregated Big Five personality scores of 619,397 residents to four 2005 state-level residential mobility criteria were examined with the 50 states as cases. Multiple regression controlling for five state demographic variables showed (a) higher state neuroticism was strongly associated with lower mobility, lower same-county mobility, and lower between-county mobility; (b) higher state extraversion was associated with lower mobility and lower same-county mobility, but only with neuroticism and/or conscientiousness controlled; and (c) conscientiousness was related to same-residence, same-county, and different-county mobility, but only without demographic variables controlled. Discussion is grounded in the dangers of cross-level speculation and the potential of a basic assumption of geographical psychology that an area's aggregate position on a dispositional variable is associated there with behavioral and psychological tendencies related to that variable.

  18. Usefulness of Serum Albumin Concentration to Predict High Coronary SYNTAX Score and In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurtul, Alparslan; Murat, Sani Namik; Yarlioglues, Mikail; Duran, Mustafa; Ocek, Adil Hakan; Koseoglu, Cemal; Celık, Ibrahim Etem; Kilic, Alparslan; Aksoy, Ozlem

    2016-01-01

    High SYNTAX score is a predictor of adverse cardiovascular events, including mortality, in acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). Decreased serum albumin (SA) concentration is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate whether SA levels at admission are associated with high SYNTAX score and in-hospital mortality in patients with ACS. The study included 1303 patients with ACS who underwent coronary angiography (CA). The patients were divided into 2 groups as high SYNTAX score (≥33) and lower SYNTAX score (≤32). Baseline SA levels were significantly lower in patients with high SYNTAX score than with lower SYNTAX score (3.46 ± 0.42 mg/dL vs 3.97±0.37 mg/dL, respectively; P SYNTAX score (odds ratio 4.329, 95% confidence interval 2.028-8.264; P SYNTAX score, and SA (SYNTAX score and in-hospital mortality in ACS.

  19. Avaliação da concentração de alguns íons metálicos em diferentes espécies de líquens do cerrado Sul-Mato-Grossense Evaluation of concentration of some metal ions in different lichen species of the Sul-Mato-Grossensse cerrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luiz Raposo Junior

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Concentrations of Fe, Mn, Co, Cr, Zn and Cu were determinated using flame atomic absorption spectrometry in nine lichen species of the Sul-Mato-Grossense cerrado. The average metal ion concentrations varied in the following ranges: Fe, 248.41-1568.01; Mn, 98.50-397.33; Co, 10.08-24.81; Cr, 18.24-44.26; Zn, 14.62-34.79 and Cu, 3.23-7.57 mg kg-1. Statistical analysis (Pearson and Cluster applied to the metal ion concentrations indicated that the accumulation of these ions can be due to several anthropogenic sources including agricultural activities, mineral exploration, biomass burning, soil mineral composition and leather tanning processes by chromium.

  20. Collision-spike Sputtering of Au Nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval, Luis; Urbassek, Herbert M

    2015-12-01

    Ion irradiation of nanoparticles leads to enhanced sputter yields if the nanoparticle size is of the order of the ion penetration depth. While this feature is reasonably well understood for collision-cascade sputtering, we explore it in the regime of collision-spike sputtering using molecular-dynamics simulation. For the particular case of 200-keV Xe bombardment of Au particles, we show that collision spikes lead to abundant sputtering with an average yield of 397 ± 121 atoms compared to only 116 ± 48 atoms for a bulk Au target. Only around 31 % of the impact energy remains in the nanoparticles after impact; the remainder is transported away by the transmitted projectile and the ejecta. The sputter yield of supported nanoparticles is estimated to be around 80 % of that of free nanoparticles due to the suppression of forward sputtering.

  1. Dicty_cDB: SSC314 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SS (Link to library) SSC314 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U13865-1 SSC314Z (Link... to Original site) - - SSC314Z 397 - - - - Show SSC314 Library SS (Link to library) Clone ID SSC314 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SS/SSC3-A/SSC314Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SSC31...4Z (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SSC314 (SSC314Q) /CSM/SS/SSC3-A/SSC314Q.Seq.d/ XXXXX...A Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SSC314 (SSC314Q) /CSM/SS/SSC3-A/SSC

  2. Ontario emissions trading code : emission reduction credit creation, recording and transfer rules, rules for renewable energy projects and conservation projects, and rules for the operation of the Ontario Emissions Trading Registry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Emissions trading has been an integral part of Ontario's air quality strategy since December 31, 2001. Ontario has adopted the 'cap, credit and trade' type of emissions trading system, a hybrid that takes the best features of pure 'cap-and-trade' and 'baseline-and-credit' type systems. It covers nitric oxide and sulphur dioxide. The Ontario Emissions Trading Code supplements Ontario Regulation 397/01 and sets out rules for renewable energy projects and conservation projects for which applications for emission allowances can be made. This Code describes the rules for the creation and transfer of emission reduction credits (ERCs). It also explains the rules for the operation of the registry that has been established to provide information to the public about the emissions trading program and records decisions about credit creation and credit and allowance retirement. 3 tabs

  3. Associated HI Absorption in the = 3.4 Radio Galaxy B2 0902 + 343 Observed with the GMRT

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Poonam Chandra; Govind Swarup; Vasant K. Kulkarni; Nimisha G. Kantharia

    2004-03-01

    We have made observations of the associated HI absorption of a high redshift radio galaxy 0902+34 at = 3.395 with the Giant Meterwave Radio Telescope in the 323+1 MHz band. We find a narrow absorption line with a flux density of 11.5 mJy at a redshift of 3.397 consistent with that observed by Uson et al. (1991), Briggs et al. (1993) and de Bruyn (1996). A weak broad absorption feature reported by de Bruyn (1996) has not been detected in our observations. We also place an upper limit of 4 mJy (2) on emission line strength at the position where Uson et al. (1991) claimed to have found a narrow emission line.

  4. Conceptions of Adolescence: Implications for Differences in Engagement in School Over Early Adolescence in the United States and China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Yang; Pomerantz, Eva M; Wang, Meifang; Cheung, Cecilia; Cimpian, Andrei

    2016-07-01

    American youth are more prone to storm and stress during adolescence than are Chinese youth (e.g., American youth's engagement in school declines more). However, it is unclear why. This research examined differences in conceptions of adolescence in the United States and China. Using both open- and closed-ended measures, youth (N = 397; 50 % female; mean age = 13.19 years) reported on their views of teens. American (vs. Chinese) youth were more likely to see adolescence as a time of decreased family responsibility along with increased individuation from parents, school disengagement, and peer orientation. Conceptions of adolescence as a time of dampened family responsibility and heightened school disengagement contributed to American (vs. Chinese) youth being less engaged in school over the seventh and eighth grades. The findings suggest that culture shapes ideas about adolescence, which contribute to differences in American and Chinese youth's engagement in school over this phase. PMID:27160846

  5. Reactivity Ratios of Diethyldiallylammonium Chloride with Acrylamide or Acrylic Acid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Hua LIU; Zhi Qiang LIU; Zhu Qing GONG

    2006-01-01

    The compositions of copolymers of diethyldiallylammonium chloride (DEDAAC) with acrylamide (AM), acrylic acid (AA) or sodium acrylic acid (NaAA) at low conversion were determined by elemental analysis, and the reactivity ratios of monomers in copolymerization were obtained by Kelen-Tudos method. The results showed that the reactivity ratios rDE and rAM are 0.31 and 5.27 for DEDAAC with AM, rDE and rAA are 0.28 and 5.15 for DEDAAC with AA, and rDE and rNaAA are 0.40 and 3.97 for DEDAAC with NaAA, respectively. The copolymerizations for DEDAAC with AM, AA or NaAA are non-ideal copolymerization and the products are random copolymers.

  6. T1 theorem for Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    [1]David, G., Journe, J. L., A boundedness criterion for generalized Calderon-Zygmund operators, Ann. of Math.1984, 120: 371-397.[2]Lemarie, P. G., Continuite sur les espaces de Besov des operateurs definis par des integrales, Ann. Inst.Fouier(Grenoble), 1985, 4: 175-187.[3]Han, Y. S., Sawyer, E. T., Para-accretive functions, the weak boundedness property and the Tb Theorem, Revista Mate. Iber., 1990, 6: 17-41.[4]Han, Y. S., Plancherel-Polya inequality on spaces of homogeneous type and its applications, Proc. Amer. Math.Soc., 1998, 126: 3315-3327.[5]Frazier, M., Jawerth, B., A discrete transform and decompositions of distribution spaces, J. Funt. Anal., 1990,93: 34-170.[6]Fefferman, C., Stein, E., Some maximal inequalities, Amer. J. Math., 1971, 93: 107-116.

  7. Gender Differences in Depressive Symptom Profile: Results from Nationwide General Population Surveys in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Hyun; Cho, Maeng Je; Hong, Jin Pyo; Bae, Jae Nam; Cho, Seong-Jin; Hahm, Bong-Jin; Lee, Dong-Woo; Park, Jong-Ik; Lee, Jun-Young; Jeon, Hong Jin; Chang, Sung Man

    2015-11-01

    This study investigated gender differences in symptom profiles of major depressive disorder (MDD) in the Korean general population. Data were pooled from the series of nationwide Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area surveys conducted in 2001, 2006 and 2011, respectively. Of the 18,807 participants, 507 (397 women and 110 men) were diagnosed with MDD within the prior 12 months. In agreement with previous studies, women with MDD appeared to be more vulnerable to experiencing atypical depressive episodes defined as depression with two or more symptoms of fatigue, increased appetite and hypersomnia (P intercultural similarity in female preponderance to atypical depression might reflect the common biological construct underlying the gender difference in mechanism of MDD. In clinical settings, gender differences of MDD should be carefully considered, because these features could be related with treatment response and drug side effects. PMID:26539012

  8. Efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide as a sanitizer against Cryptosporidium parvum, Cyclospora cayetanensis, and Encephalitozoon intestinalis on produce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortega, Ynes R; Mann, Amy; Torres, Maria P; Cama, Vitaliano

    2008-12-01

    The efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide to reduce parasite and bacterial burden in produce was studied. Basil and lettuce leaves were inoculated with Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora cayetanensis oocysts, Encephalitozoon intestinalis spores, and a cocktail of two isolates of nalidixic acid-resistant Escherichia coli O157:H7. The inoculated samples were then treated for 20 min with gaseous chlorine dioxide at 4.1 mg/liter. Cryptosporidium had a 2.6 and 3.31 most-probable-number log reduction in basil and lettuce, respectively. Reduction of Encephalitozoon in basil and lettuce was 3.58 and 4.58 CFU/g respectively. E. coli loads were significantly reduced (2.45 to 3.97 log), whereas Cyclospora sporulation was not affected by this treatment. PMID:19244892

  9. Gestational Age and Autism Spectrum Disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Atladóttir, H Ó; Schendel, D.E.; Henriksen, T B;

    2016-01-01

    Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a serious neurodevelopmental disorder. Several previous studies have identified pre-term birth as a risk factor for ASD but none has studied whether the association between gestational age and ASD has changed over time. This is a Danish population-based follow......-up study including live-born singletons born in Denmark between 1980 and 2009, identified in the Danish Medical Birth Registry, a study population of 1,775,397 children. We used a Cox regression model combined with spline to study the risk for ASD by gestational age across three decades of birth cohorts. We...... included 19,020 children diagnosed with ASD. Across all birth year cohorts, we found that the risk of being diagnosed with ASD increased with lower gestational age (P-value: gestational weeks, we found a statistically significant higher risk estimates in birth cohort 1980 to 1989...

  10. Solubility and reactivity of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) in dilute aqueous salt solutions and in sulphuric acid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frenzel, A.; Kutsuna, S.; Takeuchi, K.; Ibusuki, T.

    The loss rates of PAN in several dilute aqueous salt solutions (NaBr, Na 2SO 3, KI, NaNO 2, FeCl 3, and FeSO 4) and in sulphuric acid were measured at 279 K with a simple bubbler experiment. They are little different from that in pure water. For 5 M sulphuric acid hydrolysis and solubility were determined in the temperature range of 243-293 K. The hydrolysis rate kh=3.2×10 -4 s -1 at 293 K is close to that in water. The observed temperature dependence of the Henry's Law constant H=10- 6.6±0.6exp((4780±420)/T) M atm -1 leads to enthalpy and entropy of solvation Δ Hsolv=-39.7±3.5 kJ mol -1 and Δ Ssolv=-126±11 J mol -1 K -1, respectively.

  11. Design, synthesis, and testing toward a 57-codon genome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrov, Nili; Landon, Matthieu; Guell, Marc; Kuznetsov, Gleb; Teramoto, Jun; Cervantes, Natalie; Zhou, Minerva; Singh, Kerry; Napolitano, Michael G; Moosburner, Mark; Shrock, Ellen; Pruitt, Benjamin W; Conway, Nicholas; Goodman, Daniel B; Gardner, Cameron L; Tyree, Gary; Gonzales, Alexandra; Wanner, Barry L; Norville, Julie E; Lajoie, Marc J; Church, George M

    2016-08-19

    Recoding--the repurposing of genetic codons--is a powerful strategy for enhancing genomes with functions not commonly found in nature. Here, we report computational design, synthesis, and progress toward assembly of a 3.97-megabase, 57-codon Escherichia coli genome in which all 62,214 instances of seven codons were replaced with synonymous alternatives across all protein-coding genes. We have validated 63% of recoded genes by individually testing 55 segments of 50 kilobases each. We observed that 91% of tested essential genes retained functionality with limited fitness effect. We demonstrate identification and correction of lethal design exceptions, only 13 of which were found in 2229 genes. This work underscores the feasibility of rewriting genomes and establishes a framework for large-scale design, assembly, troubleshooting, and phenotypic analysis of synthetic organisms. PMID:27540174

  12. Electronically tunable extraordinary optical transmission in graphene plasmonic ribbons coupled to subwavelength metallic slit arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seyoon; Jang, Min Seok; Brar, Victor W.; Tolstova, Yulia; Mauser, Kelly W.; Atwater, Harry A.

    2016-08-01

    Subwavelength metallic slit arrays have been shown to exhibit extraordinary optical transmission, whereby tunnelling surface plasmonic waves constructively interfere to create large forward light propagation. The intricate balancing needed for this interference to occur allows for resonant transmission to be highly sensitive to changes in the environment. Here we demonstrate that extraordinary optical transmission resonance can be coupled to electrostatically tunable graphene plasmonic ribbons to create electrostatic modulation of mid-infrared light. Absorption in graphene plasmonic ribbons situated inside metallic slits can efficiently block the coupling channel for resonant transmission, leading to a suppression of transmission. Full-wave simulations predict a transmission modulation of 95.7% via this mechanism. Experimental measurements reveal a modulation efficiency of 28.6% in transmission at 1,397 cm-1, corresponding to a 2.67-fold improvement over transmission without a metallic slit array. This work paves the way for enhancing light modulation in graphene plasmonics by employing noble metal plasmonic structures.

  13. A Study of Job Satisfaction Among Community Nurses in A District%某区社区护士工作满意度的影响因素调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐娜; 沈琪; 邓婧怡; 兰雅平; 徐芳; 廖金兰

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市福田区社区护士工作满意度、工作稳定性及离职意愿的现状,并探讨工作满意度与工作稳定性、离职意愿三者之间的关系及其影响因素。方法本研究是横断面研究,采用方便抽样法,选取深圳市福田区27家社康中心一线在职注册护士,用社区卫生机构员工工作满意度调查表。结果被调查对象总体满意度平均得分为(113.46±25.04)分,工作条件、报酬与福利、培训与晋升等3个维度满意度得分较低分别为(8.41±1.87)、(10.22±3.10)、(10.68±3.97)分;领导管理、工作本身、人际关系等3个维度得分相对较高分别为(22.17±5.03)、(18.10±3.73)、(15.68±3.97)分。logistic回归分析发现年龄、用工形式、职称、月收入和是否喜欢护理工作是影响工作满意度的主要因素。结论深圳市福田区社区护士工作满意度处于中低水平;建立合理的报酬、晋升和培训机制,构建良好的工作环境是提高工作稳定性、工作满意度和降低离职率的根本解决办法。%Objective To investigate the job satisfaction of nurses in order to provide information for designing effective motivational programs and improving their job satisfaction. Methods With convenience sampling, a cross-sectional study involving 113 registered nurses from 27 community health service centers and above of Shenzhen Futian District was conducted through Job satisfaction questionnaire, Job security questionnaire and Turnover Intention Scale. Results The scores of the total job satisfaction , working conditions, Remuneration and welfare, Training and promotion were (113.46± 25.04), (8.41±1.87), (10.22±3.10), (10.68±3.97) respectively. And the scores of Leadership Management, working, relationship were (22.17±5.03), (18.10± 3.73), (15.68±3.97) respectively .Logistic regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences

  14. Causes of Rabbit Mortality at Mankon Research Station, Cameroon (1983-1987

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nfi, AN.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out to determine the causes of mortality in rabbits raised at the Institute of Zootechnical and Veterinary Research Station (IRZV Mankon between 1983-1987. Three breeds of rabbits the Californian, the New Zealand White and their crosses with local rabbits were used in the study. Within the period under review, all dead animals were necropsied and faecal and gastro-intestinal tract samples were examined in the laboratory. It was shown that high mortalities in rabbits were due to snuffles, pneumonia, mucoid enteritis, coccidiosis, mange, enterotoxaemia and Tyzzer's disease. 3060 rabbits died of various diseases comprising 1591 (52 % kittens, 1220 (39.7 % fryers and 280 (9.2 % adults. Kitten mortality compared to fryer and adult was highest ail through the period of study.

  15. The effects of oxygen on the evolution of microbial membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahnke, L. L.

    1991-01-01

    One prokaryote, Methylococcus capsulatus, synthesizes both hopanoids and sterols and, thus, provides a unique opportunity to study the evolution of membrane function. When M. capsulatus was grown at different temperatures, lipid analysis of the whole cells showed that both sterol and unsaturated fatty acid levels decreased at higher growth temperatures; sterol concentrations were 0.116 micro mole/micro mole phospholipid at 30 C and 0.025 micro mole/mirco mole phospholipid at 45 C, while the saturated to unsaturated fatty acid ratio increased from 0.397 to 1.475. Hopane polyol levels were constant over this range; however, methylation of the A-ring decreased markedly in cells grown at 30 C. These results imply that sterol and hopane molecules are required for enhancement of some specific membrane function, potentially by modulating membrane fluidity.

  16. Design of a Low Power DSP with Distributed and Early Clock Gating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A novel clock structure of a low-power 16-bit very large instruction word (VLIW) digital signal processor (DSP) was proposed. To improve deterministic clock gating and to solve the drawback of conventional clock gating circuit in high speed circuit, a distributed and early clock gating method was developed on its instruction fetch &. decoder unit, its pipelined data-path unit and its super-Harvard memory interface unit. The core was im1.8-V 1P6M process, with a core size of 2 mm×2mm .Result shows that it can run under 200MHz with a powerperformance around 0.3mW/MIPS.Meanwhile,only39.7% circuit is active simultaneously in average,comparedto its non-gating counterparts.

  17. Del “Cuaderno de Prácticas” a la “Plataforma de Evaluación de Prácticas Clínicas“ en odontología

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Cárdenas, Lisbet; Leco Berrocal, María Isabel

    2015-01-01

    En la Policlínica Universitaria de la Universidad Europea de Madrid, los alumnos de 4º y 5º curso de Odontología realizan las prácticas clínicas; una media de 9.361 pacientes, 43.397 consultas y 87.669 tratamientos al año, lo avalan. La atención clínica está orientada en el paciente y el aprendizaje centrado en el alumno, bajo la supervisión del profesorado, con el objetivo de lograr una formación basada en el cumplimiento de las competencias, con estándares de validez, fiabilidad, equivalenc...

  18. The Study Of Metalworking Fluids Biodegradability By Indirect Measurement Of Bacterial Inoculum Respiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerulová Kristína

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available An apparatus for measuring biodegradability of metalworking fluids (MWFs was constructed according to (1, based on the Zahn-Wellens test which enables a continuous determination of CO2 production by the change in conductivity of absorption solution. Results obtained from the testing of 8 different MWFs by this modified method were compared to those obtained in standardized OECD 302 B. The comparison showed better description of bacterial inoculum activity in tested solution; lag phase was easy to indicate. Tested emulsion achieved the level of primary degradability 39.7 – 40.8 %, and semi-synthetics 19.1 – 43.5%. The samples of synthetics where the degradation level reached 43.9 - 58.6 % were identified as the most degradable metalworking fluids.

  19. Domestic violence against women in Kersa, Oromia region, eastern Ethiopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shanko, W.; Wolday, M.; Assefa, N.;

    2013-01-01

    Intimate partner violence is common in rural areas of Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and prevalence of domestic violence among women in Kersa district of Oromia region and identify the types, perpetuators and triggers for violence. A community-based cross......-sectional interview-based survey was conducted in 2008 on 858 women of reproductive age. Only 39.7% of women reported that they recognized that violence against women was a problem in their area. Ever experience of violence by an intimate partner was reported by 166 women (19.6%) and 70.3% of the perpetuators were...... husbands. Ever experience of domestic violence among women was significantly related to Amhara ethnicity and age group 30-49 years. Only 33 (19.9%) women who ever experienced violence had reported it to the legal authorities. Women's reasons for failing to report to the legal system were not wanting...

  20. The 2015 Gerard W. Ostheimer Lecture: What's New in Labor Analgesia and Cesarean Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arendt, Katherine W

    2016-05-01

    Every year the Board of Directors of the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology selects an individual to review the literature pertinent to obstetric anesthesiology published the previous calendar year. This individual selects the most notable contributions, creates a syllabus of the articles, and then presents his/her overview in an annual lecture named in honor of the late Gerard W. Ostheimer, a pioneering obstetric anesthesiologist from the Brigham and Women's Hospital. This article reviews the literature published in 2014 focusing on the themes of labor analgesia and cesarean delivery. Its contents were presented as the Gerard W. Ostheimer Lecture at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology, May 16, 2015, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The syllabus is available as Supplemental Digital Content (http://links.lww.com/AA/B397).

  1. Clinical Observation on Effect of Triptolide Tablet in Treating Patients with Psoriasis Vulgaris

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Shao-xi; GUO Ning-ru

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effects of triptolide tablet in the treatment of patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Methods: By an open clinical study of 103 patients with psoriasis vulgaris. Psoriasis area severity index (PASI) was measured and recorded before and after treatment for efficacy evaluation. Results:Of the 103 patients, markedly effective was got in 41 (39.7%), improved in 37 (35.8%) and ineffective in 25 (24.5 % ), the total effective rate being 75.7%, and the adverse reaction was shown only in few patients with decreased WBC during the treatment period. Conclusion: Triptolide tablet is effective for the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris during the one-year follow-up.

  2. Boundary lubrication, thermal and oxidative stability of a fluorinated polyether and a perfluoropolyether triazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, W. R., Jr.; Snyder, C. E., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Boundary lubricating characteristics, thermal stability and oxidation-corrosion stability were determined for a fluorinated polyether and a perfluoropolyether triazine. A ball-on-disk apparatus, a tensimeter and oxidation-corrosion apparatus were used. Results were compared to data for a polyphenyl ether and a C-ether. The polyether and triazine yielded better boundary lubricating characteristics than either the polyphenyl ether or C-ether. The polyphenyl ether had the greatest thermal stability (443 C) while the other fluids had stabilities in the range 389 to 397 C. Oxidation-corrosion results indicated the following order of stabilities: perfluoropolyether triazine greater than polyphenylether greater than C-ether greater than fluorinated polyether.

  3. Neurological and cardiac complications in a cohort of children with end-stage renal disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jumana H Albaramki

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Adult patients with chronic kidney disease are at risk of major neurologic and cardiac complications. The purpose of this study is to review the neurological and cardiac complications in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD. A retrospective review of medical records of children with ESRD at Jordan University Hospital was performed. All neurological and cardiac events were recorded and analyzed. Data of a total of 68 children with ESRD presenting between 2002 and 2013 were reviewed. Neurological complications occurred in 32.4%; seizures were the most common event. Uncontrolled hypertension was the leading cause of neurological events. Cardiac complications occurred in 39.7%, the most common being pericardial effusion. Mortality from neurological complications was 45%. Neurological and cardiac complications occurred in around a third of children with ESRD with a high mortality rate. More effective control of hypertension, anemia, and intensive and gentle dialysis are needed.

  4. 某区社区护士工作满意度的影响因素调查研究%A Study of Job Satisfaction Among Community Nurses in A District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐娜; 沈琪; 邓婧怡; 兰雅平; 徐芳; 廖金兰

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市福田区社区护士工作满意度、工作稳定性及离职意愿的现状,并探讨工作满意度与工作稳定性、离职意愿三者之间的关系及其影响因素。方法本研究是横断面研究,采用方便抽样法,选取深圳市福田区27家社康中心一线在职注册护士,用社区卫生机构员工工作满意度调查表。结果被调查对象总体满意度平均得分为(113.46±25.04)分,工作条件、报酬与福利、培训与晋升等3个维度满意度得分较低分别为(8.41±1.87)、(10.22±3.10)、(10.68±3.97)分;领导管理、工作本身、人际关系等3个维度得分相对较高分别为(22.17±5.03)、(18.10±3.73)、(15.68±3.97)分。logistic回归分析发现年龄、用工形式、职称、月收入和是否喜欢护理工作是影响工作满意度的主要因素。结论深圳市福田区社区护士工作满意度处于中低水平;建立合理的报酬、晋升和培训机制,构建良好的工作环境是提高工作稳定性、工作满意度和降低离职率的根本解决办法。%Objective To investigate the job satisfaction of nurses in order to provide information for designing effective motivational programs and improving their job satisfaction. Methods With convenience sampling, a cross-sectional study involving 113 registered nurses from 27 community health service centers and above of Shenzhen Futian District was conducted through Job satisfaction questionnaire, Job security questionnaire and Turnover Intention Scale. Results The scores of the total job satisfaction , working conditions, Remuneration and welfare, Training and promotion were (113.46± 25.04), (8.41±1.87), (10.22±3.10), (10.68±3.97) respectively. And the scores of Leadership Management, working, relationship were (22.17±5.03), (18.10± 3.73), (15.68±3.97) respectively .Logistic regression analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences

  5. The relationship of maximal alactacid anaerobic power to somatotype in trained subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergen, E; Sardella, F; Dal Monte, A

    1985-12-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between somatotype components and maximal alactacid anaerobic power (MAAP) in trained subjects. The somatotype components (endomorphy: means = 2.66, S.D. = +/- 0.78; mesomorphy: means = 5.45, S.D. = +/- 1.12; ectomorphy: means = 2.46, S.D. = +/- 0.88) and total MAAP were measured in 40 male fencers (aged, means 21.79, S.D. = +/- 3.97) in order to determine the correlations. The results did not show any correlations between the parameters. It can be concluded that the MAAP of an individual does not depend on the somatotype; but it may also be assumed that MAAP show changes with the percentage of fibre type, enzymatic activity in these fibres involved by large muscle groups which are relatively related to musculo-skeletal development (second component of somatotype) and neuro-muscular properties of the subjects, all having a genetic basis.

  6. Sleep Problems and Daily Functioning in Children With ADHD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Virring, Anne; Lambek, Rikke; Jennum, Poul Jørgen;

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Little systematic information is available regarding how sleep problems influence daytime functioning in children with ADHD, as the role of ADHD presentations and comorbidity is unclear. METHOD: In total, 397 children were assessed with the Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire......, the Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale, and the ADHD Rating Scale. RESULTS: We found a moderate, positive correlation between sleep problems and impaired functioning in both children with ADHD and in typically developed children. ADHD presentations did not differ significantly with respect to sleep...... problem profile, but having a comorbid internalizing or autistic disorder lead to higher sleep problem score. CONCLUSION: Sleep problems and impaired daily functioning were more common in children with ADHD, but the overall association between sleep problems and impaired daily functioning was similar...

  7. Analysis of neutron and gamma ray doses accumulated during commercial Trans-Pacific flights between Australia and USA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During recent commercial Trans-Pacific passenger flights between Sydney and several major cities in the USA, the neutron and gamma dose equivalents in the aircraft cabin were evaluated with superheated Bubble dosimeters, thermoluminescence dosimeter chips (TLD-600 and TLD-700) and a miniature electronic dosimeter. After a total 73-hour flight time the accumulated neutron and gamma dose equivalents were evaluated to be 39.7 μSv and 74.0 μSv respectively. The thermoluminescence (TL) glow curves of the dosimeter chips were assayed at a ramp heating rate of 10 deg. C s-1 up to 400 deg. C. By using the Bubble and electronic dosimeter data it was possible to isolate explicitly the neutron and gamma dose components from the deconvoluted TL-glow curve of the TLD-600 chips. The application of Bubble dosimeter and TLD for an accurate estimation of the radiation exposure to air crews and frequent flying passengers is suggested

  8. Recognition of amino acids and anions by a Zn(Ⅱ)-methylazacalix[4]pyridine complex

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    As a powerful macrocyclic host molecule with unique conformation and cavity structure that are fine-tuned by the bridging nitrogen atoms, methylazacalix[4]pyridine (MACP-4) has been shown to selectively recognize Zn2+ and form stable Zn(Ⅱ)-MACP-4 complexes both in solid state and solution with an association constant up to 5.97 (logKs). The molecular recognition of Zn(Ⅱ)-MACP-4 complexes towards various amino acids and anions with different geometry was investigated by using the spectral titration methods and X-ray analysis. The Zn(Ⅱ)-MACP-4 complex was found to recognize the 17 amino acids tested with the association constant up to 3.97 (logKs). On the other hand, the Zn(Ⅱ)-MACP-4 complex selectively interacted with anions and the maximum association constant of 3.9 (logKs) was obtained.

  9. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Malay version comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire tested among mothers of primary school children in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shohaimi, Shamarina; Wei, Wong Yoke; Shariff, Zalilah Mohd

    2014-01-01

    Comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire (CFPQ) is an instrument specifically developed to evaluate parental feeding practices. It has been confirmed among children in America and applied to populations in France, Norway, and New Zealand. In order to extend the application of CFPQ, we conducted a factor structure validation of the translated version of CFPQ (CFPQ-M) using confirmatory factor analysis among mothers of primary school children (N = 397) in Malaysia. Several items were modified for cultural adaptation. Of 49 items, 39 items with loading factors >0.40 were retained in the final model. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the final model (twelve-factor model with 39 items and 2 error covariances) displayed the best fit for our sample (Chi-square = 1147; df = 634; P children in Malaysia. The present study extends the usability of the CFPQ and enables researchers and parents to better understand the relationships between parental feeding practices and related problems such as childhood obesity. PMID:25538958

  10. Microstructure and superplasticity of laser welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper laser beam welding (LBW) was used to join Ti-6Al-4V alloy as a pre-forming operation before superplastic deformation (SPF) process. Superplastic deformation behavior of laser welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy was investigated. The results indicated that the welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy had good superplasticity when deformed at temperature range of 870-920 oC and strain rate range of 10-3-10-2 s-1, and the elongation was 233-397%. The microstructure observation indicated that dynamic recrystallization happened in the weld bead, and the acicular structure of weld bead was transforming into equiaxed grains during tensile process.

  11. Syntheses, crystal structure and properties of the dimeric[(CH3)4N]4[PW11O39H2La(H2O)4]2 · 3H2O%二聚结构[(CH3)4N]4[PW(11)O(39)H2La(H2O)4]2·3H2O的合成、结构及性质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张少伟; 马鹏涛; 陈幻妮; 王敬平; 牛景杨

    2011-01-01

    以α-Na7PW(11)O(39)·nH2O,LaCl3·7H2O和(CH3)4NCl为原料,利用常规水溶液方法合成了2:2型二聚的单缺位Keggin结构稀土衍生物[(CH3)4N]4[PW(11)O(39)H2La(H2O)4]2·3H2O(1).X射线单晶衍射结果表明,该晶体属三斜晶系,P-1空间群,晶胞参数:a=1.35383(10)nm,b=1.60687(12)nm,c=1.86958(13)nm,α=65.9630(10)°,β=83.1650(10)°,γ=83.6780(10)°,Z=1,R1=0.0589,wR2=0.1447.二聚阴离子{[(α-PW(11)O(39)H2)La(H2O)4]2}(4-)由2个[α-PW(11)O(39)](7-)缺位阴离子通过2个[La(H2O)4](3+)配离子连接形成,La(3+)离子占据[α-PW(11)O(39)](7-)阴离子的缺位位置,采用九配位单加冠四方反棱柱构型,相邻的2个单取代阴离子[α-PW(11)La(39)](4-)通过2个La-Ot-W桥连成二聚物.热重分析结果表明,化合物1在25-600℃范围内表现为两步失重;循环伏安行为表明,化合物1阴离子在pH4.3的水溶液中存在两步可逆的单电子还原过程.%2∶2-type dimeric [(CH3)4N]4[PW11O39H2La(H2O)4]2·3H2O was successfully synthesized by reaction of the monovacant Keggin structure α-Na7PW11O39· nH2O with LaCl3· 7H2O and (CH3)4NCl in aqueous solution. Single crystals of this compound were analyzed by X-ray crystallography and found to be in the triclinic space group P1 with the following parameters: a = 1.35383(10) nm, b = 1.60687(12) nm, c = 1.86958(13) nm, α = 65.9630(10)°,β= 83.1650(10)°,γ= 83.6780(10)°, Z = 1, R1 = 0.0589, wR2= 0.1447. The dimeric polyoxoanion [((α-PW11O39H2)La(H2O)4}2]4- consisted of two [α-PW11O39]7- subunits linked together by two [La(H2O)4]3+ cations. The nine-coordinate La3+ cation was incorporated in the vacant site of the [α-PW11 O39]7- subunit, which adopted monocapped square antiprismatic coordination geometry. Thermogravimetric analysis exhibited two weight loss steps between 25 and 600℃; cyclic voltammetry indicated that two reversible single-electron reductions of the synthesized compound occurred in aqueous solution at pH 4.3.

  12. [Aerobic fitness in police officers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capodaglio, E M; Imbriani, M; Criffò, A; Tronconi, E

    1996-01-01

    According to act n. 626, individual assessment of fitness and absence of contraindications for carrying on a job is fundamental. We considered a group of 44 Urban Police officers (36 males, 8 females), age 39.7 +/- 9.1, whose principal job requirement is a good energetic and motor availability, for a fitness evaluation through a submaximal treadmill test, with subsequent steps of 6 minutes. During the test, physiological variables (VO2, VE, QR through a metabograph, Hr trough an Ec-monitor and Pa through a manual sphygmomanometer) and subjective evaluations of fatigue and dyspnea were monitored. Studying the individual variables trend it was possible to identify the critical metabolic level that was easily tolerated by each individual. This level, an average of 6.8 MET corresponding to a heavy activity, is an endurance predictor and can be utilized in subsequent controls.

  13. Phenolic Polyketides from the Co-Cultivation of Marine-Derived Penicillium sp. WC-29-5 and Streptomyces fradiae 007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Wang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Penicillium sp. WC-29-5 was co-cultured with Streptomyces fradiae 007 to produce five natural products (1–3, 4a and 4b that were isolated and characterized by spectroscopic analysis. Interestingly, these compounds were found to be different from those produced in discrete fungal and bacterial controls. Among these compounds, the absolute configurations of compounds 4a and 4b were determined for the first time by X-ray single crystal diffraction experiments and electronic circular dichroism (ECD calculations. An evaluation of the cytotoxic activities of these compounds revealed that 4b was moderately cytotoxic towards HL-60 and H1975 tumor cells with IC50 values of 3.73 and 5.73 µM, respectively, whereas compound 4a was only moderately cytotoxic towards H1975 cells with an IC50 value of 3.97 µM.

  14. Transcriptome profiling of human pre-implantation development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pu Zhang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Preimplantation development is a crucial step in early human development. However, the molecular basis of human preimplantation development is not well known. METHODOLOGY: By applying microarray on 397 human oocytes and embryos at six developmental stages, we studied the transcription dynamics during human preimplantation development. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We found that the preimplantation development consisted of two main transitions: from metaphase-II oocyte to 4-cell embryo where mainly the maternal genes were expressed, and from 8-cell embryo to blastocyst with down-regulation of the maternal genes and up-regulation of embryonic genes. Human preimplantation development proved relatively autonomous. Genes predominantly expressed in oocytes and embryos are well conserved during evolution. SIGNIFICANCE: Our database and findings provide fundamental resources for understanding

  15. Changing certain aspects of Band Four:how negative backwash mightbe changed to positive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓妮

    2011-01-01

    Positive and negative and backwash:the concept Backwash is known as the effect of testing and learning which can either be harmful or beneficial (Hughes 1989:1).Messick called backwash "...the extent to which the introduction and use of a learners to do things they would not otherwise do that promote or inhibit language learning"(1996:241).Positive backwash can be considered as an aid to teaching and learning,‘encouraging the learner's awareness and to make the teaching and learning process as effective as possible'(Hedge 2000:397).On the contrary,negative backwash can prevent the teaching and learning process from progressing.Hughes points out that if a test is regarded as important,preparation for it can then dominate all teaching and learning activities,especially if the testing techniques are at variance with the objective of the course(Hughes 1989:1).

  16. Continuous-variable quantum cryptography with an untrusted relay: Detailed security analysis of the symmetric configuration

    CERN Document Server

    Ottaviani, Carlo; Braunstein, Samuel L; Pirandola, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    We consider the continuous-variable protocol of Pirandola et al. [Nature Photonics 9, 397-402 (2015), see also arXiv.1312.4104] where the secret-key is established by the measurement of an untrusted relay. In this network protocol, two authorized parties are connected to an untrusted relay by insecure quantum links. Secret correlations are generated by a continuous-variable Bell detection performed on incoming coherent states. In the present work we provide a detailed study of the symmetric configuration, where the relay is midway between the parties. We analyze symmetric eavesdropping strategies against the quantum links explicitly showing that, at fixed transmissivity and thermal noise, two-mode coherent attacks are optimal, manifestly outperforming one-mode collective attacks based on independent entangling cloners. Such an advantage is shown both in terms of security threshold and secret-key rate.

  17. CALCIUM CARBIDE: AN EFFICIENT ALTERNATIVE TO THE USE OF ALUMINUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amilton Carlos Pinheiro Cardoso Filho

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The steel demand for fine applications have increased considerably in the last years, and the criteria for its production are even stricter, mainly in relation to the residual elements content and cleanness required. In relation to the steel cleanness, the main problem faced is the control of the amount and morphology of alumina inclusions, generated in the steel deoxidation with aluminum. Besides harming the products quality, the presence of non metallic inclusions can originate nozzle clogging, and consequently interruptions in the process flux. Aiming to improve the steel cleanness and to minimize nozzle clogging, this study is developed to evaluate the partial substitution of aluminum by calcium carbide in the steel deoxidation. Along the operational procedures, the calcium carbide was applied to 397 heats, through what the improvement in steel cleanness is confirmed, with consequent reduction in the nozzle clogging occurrence.

  18. A Theoretical Study on the Mechanism of the Cycloaddition Reaction between Alkylidenestannylene and Ethylene

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Xiu-Hui; YU Hai-Bin; WU Wei-Rong

    2005-01-01

    The mechanism of a cycloaddition reaction between singlet alkylidenestannylene and ethylene has been investigated with MP2/3-21G* and B3LYP/3-21G* methods, including geometry optimization and vibrational analysis for the involved stationary points on the potential energy surface. Energies for the involved conformations were calculated by CCSD(T)//MP2/3-21G* and CCSD(T)//B3LYP/3-21G* methods, respectively. The results show that the dominant reaction pathway of the cycloaddition is that an intermediate (INT) is firstly formed between the two reactants through a barrier-free exothermic reaction of 39.7 kJ/mol, and the intermediate then isomerizes to a four-membered ring product (P2.1) via a transition state TS2.1 with a barrier of 66.8 kJ/mol.

  19. The Study Of Metalworking Fluids Biodegradability By Indirect Measurement Of Bacterial Inoculum Respiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerulová, Kristína; Tatarka, Ondrej; Štefko, Tomáš; Škulavík, Tomáš

    2015-06-01

    An apparatus for measuring biodegradability of metalworking fluids (MWFs) was constructed according to (1), based on the Zahn-Wellens test which enables a continuous determination of CO2 production by the change in conductivity of absorption solution. Results obtained from the testing of 8 different MWFs by this modified method were compared to those obtained in standardized OECD 302 B. The comparison showed better description of bacterial inoculum activity in tested solution; lag phase was easy to indicate. Tested emulsion achieved the level of primary degradability 39.7 - 40.8 %, and semi-synthetics 19.1 - 43.5%. The samples of synthetics where the degradation level reached 43.9 - 58.6 % were identified as the most degradable metalworking fluids.

  20. Outcomes of acute exacerbations in COPD in relation to pre-hospital oxygen therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringbaek, Thomas J; Terkelsen, Jakob; Lange, Peter

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital, high-concentration oxygen therapy during acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has been associated with increased mortality. Recent COPD guidelines have encouraged titrated oxygen therapy with a target saturation range of 88-92%. Oxygen...... therapy leading to saturation above 92% is defined as 'inappropriate oxygen therapy'. OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency of inappropriate oxygen therapy and whether inappropriate oxygen therapy in the ambulance in an urban area with short transit time to hospital was associated with poor outcome......, and in-hospital mortality. RESULTS: Only 15 patients were not treated with oxygen and information on oxygen flow was missing in seven patients and on saturation on one patient. Altogether, 352 (88.7%) of 397 patients received inappropriate oxygen therapy. Patients on 'inappropriate oxygen therapy...

  1. Content of trace metals in surface sediments of Lac Sud de Tunis before development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The analysis of metal (Hg, Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr, Ni, Mn, Zn, Fe) concentrations in the surface sediments of the South Lake of Tunis before its restoration showed a high level of contamination. The values for mercury, cadmium and lead oscillate respectively between (0,17 and 2,6 μg/g d.w), (0,13 and 13,3 μg/g d. w); (3,97 and 698 μg/g d. w). This pollution is generated by the intensive industrial activity situated on south banks of the Lake. This environment constitutes since more of the millennium a outfall of urban used waters and since one century an outfall of industrial waste waters strongly charged with nutrients and heavy metals. (author)

  2. Steady state and time-resolved autofluorescence studies of human colonic tissues

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Buhong Li; Zhenxi Zhang; Shusen Xie

    2006-01-01

    Steady state and time-resolved autofluorescence spectroscopies are employed to study the autofluorescence characteristics of human colonic tissues in vitro. The excitation wavelength varies from 260 to 540 nm, and the corresponding fluorescence emission spectra are acquired from 280 to 800 nm. Significant difference in fluorescence intensity of excitation-emission matrices (EEMs) is observed between normal and tumor colonic tissues. Compared with normal colonic tissue, low nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) (NAD(P)H) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and high amino acids and protoporphyrin Ⅸ (PpⅨ) fluorescences characterize high-grade malignant tissue. Moreover, the autofluorescence lifetimes of normal and carcinomatous colonic tissues at 635 nm under 397-nm excitation are about 4.32±0.12 and 18.45±0.05 ns, respectively. The high accumulation of endogenous PpⅨ in colonic cancers is demonstrated in both steady state and time-resolved autofluorescence spectroscopies.

  3. Biomass logistics analysis for large scale biofuel production: case study of loblolly pine and switchgrass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Xiaoming; Withers, Mitch R; Seifkar, Navid; Field, Randall P; Barrett, Steven R H; Herzog, Howard J

    2015-05-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the costs, energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions throughout the biomass supply chain for large scale biofuel production. Two types of energy crop were considered, switchgrass and loblolly pine, as representative of herbaceous and woody biomass. A biomass logistics model has been developed to estimate the feedstock supply system from biomass production through transportation. Biomass in the form of woodchip, bale and pellet was investigated with road, railway and waterway transportation options. Our analysis indicated that the farm or forest gate cost is lowest for loblolly pine whole tree woodchip at $39.7/dry tonne and highest for switchgrass round bale at $72.3/dry tonne. Switchgrass farm gate GHG emissions is approximately 146kgCO2e/dry tonne, about 4 times higher than loblolly pine. The optimum biomass transportation mode and delivered form are determined by the tradeoff between fixed and variable costs for feedstock shipment. PMID:25710677

  4. Further analysis of previously implicated linkage regions for Alzheimer's disease in affected relative pairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lannfelt Lars

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Genome-wide linkage studies for Alzheimer's disease have implicated several chromosomal regions as potential loci for susceptibility genes. Methods In the present study, we have combined a selection of affected relative pairs (ARPs from the UK and the USA included in a previous linkage study by Myers et al. (Am J Med Genet, 2002, with ARPs from Sweden and Washington University. In this total sample collection of 397 ARPs, we have analyzed linkage to chromosomes 1, 9, 10, 12, 19 and 21, implicated in the previous scan. Results The analysis revealed that linkage to chromosome 19q13 close to the APOE locus increased considerably as compared to the earlier scan. However, linkage to chromosome 10q21, which provided the strongest linkage in the previous scan could not be detected. Conclusion The present investigation provides yet further evidence that 19q13 is the only chromosomal region consistently linked to Alzheimer's disease.

  5. Seroepizootiological-epidemiological investigation and mapping of West Nile infection in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đuričić Bosiljka

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The disease caused by the West Nile virus (WNV has been known since 1937 when it was described for the first time in Uganda. After spreading to Europe and the Middle East, the disease has changed its primary location. Today WN infection is a significant health problem in the world. As a result of the current epizootiological and epidemiological situation in Europe studies on the occurrence of WND were introduced in Serbia, also. The investigation on the presence of WNV antibodies was intensified in the period from 2008 to 2012. In this period a total of 3618 serum samples were tested from 18 localities (2736 animal sera from 8 different species and 882 human sera samples. The method applied was gel immunodiffusion and the representative samples were confirmed by the plaque reduction test (PRNT-90. Out of the total number of samples WNV antibodies were present in 3.97% horses, 0.93% dogs, 0.31% poultry and 1.36% man. In one horse serum sample there was a positive reaction with a positive control serum, thus indicating the presence of WNV antigen. The results have confirmed that WNV antibodies are present in 9 out of 18 tested locations in the Republic of Serbia. The percentage of seropositive samples varies from 0.42% in Pozarevac (horses and humans up to 6.45% in Novi Pazar (dogs. Out of the investigated species the highest seropositivity was recorded in horses (3.97%, and lowest in poultry (0.31%. WNV is present and widespread in the Republic of Serbia, thus enabling distribution mapping. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR 21047 i br. TR 37015

  6. PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND SALMONELLA SPP. IN THE FECES OF WILD URBAN NORWAY AND BLACK RATS (RATTUS NORVEGICUS AND RATTUS RATTUS) FROM AN INNER-CITY NEIGHBORHOOD OF VANCOUVER, CANADA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Himsworth, Chelsea G; Zabek, Erin; Desruisseau, Andrea; Parmley, E Jane; Reid-Smith, Richard; Jardine, Claire M; Tang, Patrick; Patrick, David M

    2015-07-01

    Although rat feces are widely suspected to be a source of pathogenic bacteria, few investigators have studied fecal pathogens in rats. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. in Norway and black rats (Rattus norvegicus and Rattus rattus, respectively) from an urban neighborhood of Vancouver, Canada, collected September 2011-August 2012. Colon content was cultured for E. coli and Salmonella spp. and screened for the seven most-common enteropathogenic Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) serotypes by PCR. Isolates were tested for antimicrobial resistance and Salmonella isolates were serotyped. We detected E. coli in 397/633 (62.7%) urban rats. Forty-one of 397 (6.5%) E. coli isolates were resistant to ≥ 1 antimicrobial while 17 (4.3%) were multidrug resistant (including two isolates demonstrating extended-spectrum β-lactamase resistance). Ten of 633 (1.6%) urban rats were carrying STEC serotypes including O145, O103, O26, and O45. Norway rats were more likely to be carrying E. coli compared to black rats, and there was geographic clustering of specific resistance patterns and STEC serotypes. Salmonella spp. were detected in 3/633 (0.5%) rats including serotypes Derby, Indiana, and Enteritidis. In contrast to zoonotic pathogens for which rats are the natural reservoir (e.g., Leptospira interrogans, Rickettsia typhi, Seoul virus), rats likely acquired E. coli and Salmonella spp. from their environment. The ability of rats to be a 'sponge' for environmental pathogens has received little consideration, and the ecology and public health significance of these organisms in rats requires further investigation.

  7. Foodstuff analyses show that seafood and water are major perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) sources to humans in Korea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heo, Jin-Ju; Lee, Ji-Woo [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung-Kyu [Department of Marine Science, College of Natural Sciences, Incheon National University, Incheon, 406-772 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Jeong-Eun, E-mail: jeoh@pusan.ac.kr [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-08-30

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • 16 PFAAs in 397 samples of 66 food types and 34 tap water samples were analyzed. • Dietary exposure to PFAAs was estimated by using the PFAAs measured concentrations. • The major contributors of PFAAs dietary exposure were confirmed. - Abstract: We measured concentrations of PFAAs in 397 foods, of 66 types, in Korea, and determined the daily human dietary PFAAs intake and the contribution of each foodstuff to that intake. The PFAAs concentration in the 66 different food types ranged from below the detection limit to 48.3 ng/g. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and long-chain perfluorocarboxylic acids (PFCAs) were the dominant PFAAs in fish, shellfish, and processed foods, while perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and short-chain PFCAs dominated dairy foodstuffs and beverages. The Korean adult dietary intake ranges, estimated for a range of scenarios, were 0.60–3.03 and 0.17–1.68 ng kg{sup −1} bw d{sup −1} for PFOS and PFOA, respectively, which were lower than the total daily intake limits suggested by European Food Safety Authority (PFOS: 150 ng kg{sup −1} bw d{sup −1}; PFOA: 1500 ng kg{sup −1} bw d{sup −1}). The major contributors to PFAAs dietary exposure varied with subject age and PFAAs. For example, fish was a major contributor of PFOS but dairy foods were major contributors of PFOA. However, tap water was a major contributor to PFOA intake when it was the main source of drinking water (rather than bottled water)

  8. A study of tooth number anomaly using panoramic radiographs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and distribution of tooth number anomaly by means of the analysis of panoramic radiographs in 6,531 patients visited the Dental Infirmary of Kyungpook National University Hospital from January 1983 to May 1992 . The results were as follows : 1. The prevalence of congenitally missing teeth except third molar was revealed to be 10.8%, and there was a higher prevalence in females (44.6%) than in males (55.4%). Mandibular 2nd premolars (23.2%), and maxillary second primolars (15.4%) in descending order of frequency. As to the number of congentally missing teeth, the percentage of missing one tooth was 48%, missing two teeth was 35.4%, missing three teeth was 6.6%. 2. The prevalence of congenitally missing third molars was revealed to be 39.7%. There was a higher prevalence in the maxilla (60.3%) than in the mandible (39.7%). Maxillary right 3rd molars (30.6%) were absent most frequently, followed by maxillary left 3rd molar (29.7%), mandibular right 3rd molar (20.2%), mandibular left 3rd molar (19.5%) in descending order of frequency. 3. The prevalence of supernumerary teeth was revealed to be 4.2%, and there was a higher prevalence in the males (65.7%) than in females (34.3%). They were found most frequently in maxillary central incesor area (64.8%), followed by maxillary lateral incisor area (13.2%), posterior area of maxillary third molar (8.7%) in descending order of frequency. As to the number of supernumerary teeth; the percentage of one supernumerary tooth was 79.9%, two supernumarary teeth was 8.9%, three supernumerary teeth was 1.2%.

  9. Sedimentation Geochemistry and Environmental Changes during the Late Pleistocene of Paleolake Qarhan in the Qaidam Basin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chang Fengqin; Yang Lunqing; Zhang Hucai; Chen Yue; Yang Mingsheng; Niu Jie; Fan Hongfang; Lei Guoliang; Zhang Wenxiang; Lei Yanbin

    2008-01-01

    On the basis of the analyses of TOC, CaCO3, δ13Corg, δ18O, and δ13C of the shell bar section in the Qaidam basin, and compared with grain size data, the environmental change history of the high water level of paleolake Qarhan was reconstructed and it could be divided into five stages. From 39.7 to 35.8 kaBP was the development period of high paleolake level. From 35.8 to 33.6 kaBP and 33.6 to 27.2 kaBP, TOC and CaCO3 contents and δ18O values were high, whereas, δ13Corg values and median size content were low, reflecting a warm-humid climate and high lake level. During 27.2-22.3 kaBP and 22.3-17.5 kaBP, both temperature and the lake level were lower than those in the previous stages, but the climate was still warmer and more humid than that of today. The lake level decreased between 32.4 and 32.2 kaBP, 30.4 and 29.8 kaBP, and 28.4 and 27.2 kaBP. Generally, the climate was warm and humid in Qaidam basin and the high lake level sustained between 39.7 and 17.5 kaBP. The lake retreated abruptly at 17.5 kaBP, with a very strong increase in evaporation, which resulted in salt formation and the extinction of Corbicula.

  10. Chemical, morphological, rheological and thermal properties of Solanum lycocarpum phosphorylated starches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Palmiro Ramirez Ascheri

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The increasing need for starches with specific characteristics makes it important to study unconventional starches and their modifications in order to meet consumer demands. The aim of this work was to study physicochemical characteristics of native starch and phosphate starch of S. lycocarpum. Native starch was phosphated with sodium tripolyphosphate (5-11% added with stirring. Chemical composition, morphology, density, binding ability to cold water, swelling power and solubility index, turbidity and syneresis, rheological and calorimetric properties were determined. Phosphorus was not detected in the native sample, but the phosphating process produced modified starches with phosphorus contents of 0.015, 0.092 and 0.397%, with the capacity of absorbing more water, either cold or hot. Rheological data showed the strong influence of phosphorus content on viscosity of phosphate starch, with lower pasting temperature and peak viscosity higher than those of native starch. Enthalpy was negatively correlated with the phosphorus content, requiring 9.7; 8.5; 8.1 and 6.4 kJ g-1 of energy for the transition from the amorphous to the crystalline state for the starch granules with phosphorus contents of 0; 0.015; 0.092 and 0.397%, respectively. Cluster analysis and principal component analysis showed that starches with 0.015 and 0.092% phosphorus have similar characteristics and are different from the others. Our results show that the characteristics of phosphate modified S. lycocarpum starch have optimal conditions to meet the demands of raw materials, which require greater consistency in stickiness, combined with low rates of retrogradation and syneresis.

  11. MECP2 gene mutations in twenty-six cases with atypical Rett syndrome%26例不典型Rett综合征MECP2基因的突变分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李美蓉; 潘虹; 包新华; 张玉稚; 姜胜玲; 吴希如

    2006-01-01

    目的了解不典型Rett综合征患儿MECP2基因的突变频率、突变类型、是否存在突变热点,寻找基因型和表型的相互关系.方法取26例不典型 Rett综合征患儿外周静脉抗凝血,采用Miller′s蛋白酶K氯化钠盐析法提取基因组DNA,采用PCR方法扩增MECP2基因的外显子及结合区,1%的琼脂糖凝胶电泳鉴定目的PCR产物,然后进行DNA直接测序.DNA测序结果与人基因组序列(GeneBank AF030876)比较.结果 26例不典型Rett综合征患儿中有12例存在突变.突变类型包括错义突变,由于单个碱基缺失导致的移码突变和剪切位点的突变,其中错义突变为最常见类型.c.397C>T为3例, c.473C>T、c.916C>T、c.806delG各为2例,c.397A>G、 c. 1005G> A、c.IVS2-2A>T各为1例.结论不典型Rett综合征患儿存在MECP2基因突变,R133C、T158M和R306C为其热点突变.基因突变类型和表型之间有一定的相关性.

  12. Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Daytime Voiding Symptoms in Children with Primary Enuresis: An Observational Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Desmopressin Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teng-Kai Yang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the effectiveness of presence of desmopressin in treating primary enuresis (PE for children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD symptoms. Materials and Methods. Children aged from 5 to 12 years with the chief complaint of PE treated with desmopressin were enrolled in pediatric urology clinics. The parent-reported SNAP-IV questionnaire was used to evaluate ADHD symptoms (cut-off value: 90th percentile. Voiding symptoms were assessed by the Dysfunctional Voiding Scoring System (DVSS questionnaire. The responses to desmopressin were analyzed in children with and without ADHD symptoms. Results. The study sample comprised 68 children; 27 (39.7% presented with ADHD symptoms and 41 (60.3% with non-ADHD symptoms. The children collected from a tertiary referral center may explain the high prevalence of ADHD symptoms in the present study. The total DVSS score in the ADHD symptoms group was significantly higher than in the non-ADHD symptoms group (7.72 versus 5.65, P=0.05. In the ADHD symptoms group, there were significantly higher score in the “pee 1-2 times/day” and “can’t wait” subscales of DVSS and lower sleep quality based on the Pediatric Sleep Quality questionnaire, as well as significantly lower peak flow rate and voided volume. The responses to desmopressin for enuresis were comparable between children with ADHD and non-ADHD symptoms. Conclusions. Approximately 39.7% of PE children presented with ADHD symptoms at urologic clinics. PE children with ADHD symptoms had higher risk of daytime LUTS and comparable response to desmopressin treatment for PE. To evaluate ADHD symptoms and daytime voiding symptoms is important in children with PE.

  13. Biphasic Regulation of Yes-associated Protein (YAP) Cellular Localization, Phosphorylation, and Activity by G Protein-coupled Receptor Agonists in Intestinal Epithelial Cells: A NOVEL ROLE FOR PROTEIN KINASE D (PKD).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jia; Sinnett-Smith, James; Stevens, Jan V; Young, Steven H; Rozengurt, Enrique

    2016-08-19

    We examined the regulation of Yes-associated protein (YAP) localization, phosphorylation, and transcriptional activity in intestinal epithelial cells. Our results show that stimulation of intestinal epithelial IEC-18 cells with the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) agonist angiotensin II, a potent mitogen for these cells, induced rapid translocation of YAP from the nucleus to the cytoplasm (within 15 min) and a concomitant increase in YAP phosphorylation at Ser(127) and Ser(397) Angiotensin II elicited YAP phosphorylation and cytoplasmic accumulation in a dose-dependent manner (ED50 = 0.3 nm). Similar YAP responses were provoked by stimulation with vasopressin or serum. Treatment of the cells with the protein kinase D (PKD) family inhibitors CRT0066101 and kb NB 142-70 prevented the increase in YAP phosphorylation on Ser(127) and Ser(397) via Lats2, YAP cytoplasmic accumulation, and increase in the mRNA levels of YAP/TEAD-regulated genes (Ctgf and Areg). Furthermore, siRNA-mediated knockdown of PKD1, PKD2, and PKD3 markedly attenuated YAP nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling, phosphorylation at Ser(127), and induction of Ctgf and Areg expression in response to GPCR activation. These results identify a novel role for the PKD family in the control of biphasic localization, phosphorylation, and transcriptional activity of YAP in intestinal epithelial cells. In turn, YAP and TAZ are necessary for the stimulation of the proliferative response of intestinal epithelial cells to GPCR agonists that act via PKD. The discovery of interaction between YAP and PKD pathways identifies a novel cross-talk in signal transduction and demonstrates, for the first time, that the PKDs feed into the YAP pathway. PMID:27369082

  14. An Empirical Study of the Causes and Effects of Knowledge Management Strategy Based on the Resources-Based View%资源基础理论视角下对知识管理战略前因及后果的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜维; 司有和; 温平川

    2009-01-01

    从资源基础理论的视角出发,首先通过理论研究,找出了知识管理战略的前因:人力资源、IT能力和组织结构,以及知识管理战略的后果:组织绩效,并建立了一个整合的理论模型.以来自我国东部、中部、西部的397家企业作为样本,对模型进行了实证检验.结构方程模型分析结果表明,人力资源、IT能力、组织结构对知识管理战略有正向影响,知识管理战略对组织绩效也存在正向影响.%Knowledge was widely accepted to be one kind of the core resources of firms that can bring sustainable competitive advantage by managers and scholars, and knowledge management strategy has also been valued more and more by finns. This article takes the resource-based theory as the research perspective, some causes of knowledge management strategy was found through literature study, such as human resources, IT competency and organization structure. And the organization performance as the effect was also found. An integrated model was constructed. We took 397 firms as samples to test the model. The results of SEM suggested human resources, IT competency and organization structure have positive impact on knowledge management strategy. And knowledge management strategy also has positive impact on organization performance.

  15. The Research on the Influence of Entrepreneurial Leadership on Entrepreneurial Performance in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises%中小企业创业领导力对创业绩效的影响--企业发展阶段的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘追; 王玉; 陈艳

    2016-01-01

    Based on the review of connotation and structure dimensions of entrepreneurial leadership (EL ) ,this paper ex‐plored the influence of EL of small and medium‐sized scientific and technological enterprises(SM E) on entrepreneurial per‐formance(EP) through the survey data of 397 valid questionnaires .The results of the study shows ,EL of SME positively is correlated with EP ,but different dimensions of EL have different effect on EP .Strategy ,personal traits and motivation are the key factors that influence the EP of SME ,and developmental Stages have moderating effect .The results can pro‐vide theoretical reference for the further development of entrepreneurial Leadership of SM E and effectively enhance entre‐preneurial performance .%梳理了企业创业领导力内涵和结构维度,通过397份调查数据,实证研究了中小企业创业领导力对创业绩效的影响。结果表明,中小企业创业领导力与创业绩效正相关,但创业领导力不同维度对创业绩效的影响存在差异,战略管理、个人特质和激励能力3个维度是影响中小创业企业绩效的关键因素;企业发展阶段在这一过程中具有调节效应,且在不同发展阶段,创业领导力各维度对创业绩效各维度的影响存在动态差异性。

  16. 豆薯种子中一种具有抗植物病毒活性的蛋白质的初步晶体学研究%Preliminary Crystallographic Study of a Protein with Anti-plant Virus Activity from the Seeds of Pachyrrhizus Erosus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡建华; 林玉娟; 叶晓明; 陈明晃; 宋立军

    2001-01-01

    从豆科植物豆薯(Pachyrrhizuserosus,Leguminosae)的种子中分离纯化了一种具有抗植物病毒活性的蛋白质,分子量约为15kD。在20%(w/v)PEG6000,0.1mol/L磷酸盐缓冲液(pH7.4)条件下得到了可供衍射用的单晶,在MarResearchIP上进行了衍射数据收集,其衍射能力达2.3Å。经MarDenzo软件包处理,确定其空间群为P212121,晶胞参数为:a=28.808,b=32.840,c=140.397Å。根据Matthews常数估算,每个不对称单元含1个分子。%From the seeds of pachyrrhizus erosus, leguminosae, a proteinwith molecular weight of 15kD, which possesses anti-plant virus activity, has been isolated and purified. Single crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction were obtained by 20% PEG6000 and 0.1mol/L phosphate buffer. The diffraction data of the crystal were collected on a MarResearch IP, and the data at 2.3 Å resolution have been processed by using the Denzo and Scalepack software packages. Space group was determined as P212121, with cell parameters a=28.808, b=32.840 and c=140.397 Å. According to the estimation of Matthews constants, there is one molecule in an asymmetric unit.

  17. In vitro blood-brain barrier permeability predictions for GABAA receptor modulating piperine analogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eigenmann, Daniela Elisabeth; Dürig, Carmen; Jähne, Evelyn Andrea; Smieško, Martin; Culot, Maxime; Gosselet, Fabien; Cecchelli, Romeo; Helms, Hans Christian Cederberg; Brodin, Birger; Wimmer, Laurin; Mihovilovic, Marko D; Hamburger, Matthias; Oufir, Mouhssin

    2016-06-01

    The alkaloid piperine from black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and several synthetic piperine analogs were recently identified as positive allosteric modulators of γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptors. In order to reach their target sites of action, these compounds need to enter the brain by crossing the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We here evaluated piperine and five selected analogs (SCT-66, SCT-64, SCT-29, LAU397, and LAU399) regarding their BBB permeability. Data were obtained in three in vitro BBB models, namely a recently established human model with immortalized hBMEC cells, a human brain-like endothelial cells (BLEC) model, and a primary animal (bovine endothelial/rat astrocytes co-culture) model. For each compound, quantitative UHPLC-MS/MS methods in the range of 5.00-500ng/mL in the corresponding matrix were developed, and permeability coefficients in the three BBB models were determined. In vitro predictions from the two human BBB models were in good agreement, while permeability data from the animal model differed to some extent, possibly due to protein binding of the screened compounds. In all three BBB models, piperine and SCT-64 displayed the highest BBB permeation potential. This was corroborated by data from in silico prediction. For the other piperine analogs (SCT-66, SCT-29, LAU397, and LAU399), BBB permeability was low to moderate in the two human BBB models, and moderate to high in the animal BBB model. Efflux ratios (ER) calculated from bidirectional permeability experiments indicated that the compounds were likely not substrates of active efflux transporters. PMID:27018328

  18. Whole genome investigation of a divergent clade of the pathogen Streptococcus suis

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    Abiyad eBaig

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Streptococcus suis is a major porcine and zoonotic pathogen responsible for significant economic losses in the pig industry and an increasing number of human cases. Multiple isolates of S. suis show marked genomic diversity. Here we report the analysis of whole genome sequences of nine pig isolates that caused disease typical of S. suis and had phenotypic characteristics of S. suis, but their genomes were divergent from those of many other S. suis isolates. Comparison of protein sequences predicted from divergent genomes with those from normal S. suis reduced the size of core genome from 793 to only 397 genes. Divergence was clear if phylogenetic analysis was performed on reduced core genes and MLST alleles. Phylogenies based on certain other genes (16S rRNA, sodA, recN and cpn60 did not show divergence for all isolates, suggesting recombination between some divergent isolates with normal S. suis for these genes. Indeed, there is evidence of recent recombination between the divergent and normal S. suis genomes for 249 of 397 core genes. In addition, phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene and 132 genes that were conserved between the divergent isolates and representatives of the broader Streptococcus genus showed that divergent isolates were more closely related to S. suis. Six out of nine divergent isolates possessed a S. suis-like capsule region with variation in capsular gene sequences but the remaining three did not have a discrete capsule locus. The majority (40/70, of virulence-associated genes in normal S. suis were present in the divergent genomes. Overall, the divergent isolates extend the current diversity of S. suis species but the phenotypic similarities and the large amount of gene exchange with normal S. suis gives insufficient evidence to assign these isolates to a new species or subspecies. Further sampling and whole genome analysis of more isolates is warranted to understand the diversity of the species.

  19. Genome sequencing of ovine isolates of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis offers insights into host association

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    Bannantine John P

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The genome of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP is remarkably homogeneous among the genomes of bovine, human and wildlife isolates. However, previous work in our laboratories with the bovine K-10 strain has revealed substantial differences compared to sheep isolates. To systematically characterize all genomic differences that may be associated with the specific hosts, we sequenced the genomes of three U.S. sheep isolates and also obtained an optical map. Results Our analysis of one of the isolates, MAP S397, revealed a genome 4.8 Mb in size with 4,700 open reading frames (ORFs. Comparative analysis of the MAP S397 isolate showed it acquired approximately 10 large sequence regions that are shared with the human M. avium subsp. hominissuis strain 104 and lost 2 large regions that are present in the bovine strain. In addition, optical mapping defined the presence of 7 large inversions between the bovine and ovine genomes (~ 2.36 Mb. Whole-genome sequencing of 2 additional sheep strains of MAP (JTC1074 and JTC7565 further confirmed genomic homogeneity of the sheep isolates despite the presence of polymorphisms on the nucleotide level. Conclusions Comparative sequence analysis employed here provided a better understanding of the host association, evolution of members of the M. avium complex and could help in deciphering the phenotypic differences observed among sheep and cattle strains of MAP. A similar approach based on whole-genome sequencing combined with optical mapping could be employed to examine closely related pathogens. We propose an evolutionary scenario for M. avium complex strains based on these genome sequences.

  20. Fatores de risco para doença diarréica no lactente: um estudo caso-controle Risk factors for diarrheal disease in infants: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisélia Alves Pontes da Silva

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os fatores de risco associados à presença de episódios diarréicos em lactentes menores de seis meses, residentes na Zona da Mata Meridional do Estado de Pernambuco, Brasil. O desenho do estudo foi do tipo caso-controle, aninhado numa coorte. Foi estudado um total de 397 crianças, sendo 239 casos e 158 controles (1,5:1. Foi calculado o odds ratio(OR, intervalo de confiança (IC de 95%, e realizada análise de regressão logística para identificar fatores preditores da variável a ser explicada. Na análise multivariada, a ausência de água canalizada (OR = 3,60; IC95% 1,49-8,74 e aleitamento materno por menos de 6 meses (OR = 2,06; IC95% 1,26-3,38 foram os fatores significantemente associados com a ocorrência de diarréia, após o ajuste pelas demais variáveis.This study aims to identify risk factors associated with episodes of diarrhea among infants under six months from the Southern Zona da Mata region in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. This was a case-control study nested in a cohort. A total of 397 infants were studied, with 239 infants classified as cases and 158 as controls (1.5:1. Odds ratios (OR and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify predictive factors for the outcome, showing that lack of piped water in the house (OR = 3.60; 95% CI 1.49-8.74 and duration of breastfeeding less than six months (OR = 2.06; 95% CI 1.26-3.38 were the significant risk factors associated with occurrence of diarrhea, after adjusting for other variables.

  1. Identification and Characterization of ABA-Responsive MicroRNAs in Rice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Caijuan; Zuo, Zhangli; Qiu, Jin-Long

    2015-07-20

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding small RNAs that silence genes through mRNA degradation or translational inhibition. The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) is essential for plant development and adaptation to abiotic and biotic stresses. In Arabidopsis, miRNAs are implicated in ABA functions. However, ABA-responsive miRNAs have not been systematically studied in rice. Here high throughput sequencing of small RNAs revealed that 107 miRNAs were differentially expressed in the rice ABA deficient mutant, Osaba1. Of these, 13 were confirmed by stem-loop RT-PCR. Among them, miR1425-5P, miR169a, miR169n, miR390-5P, miR397a and miR397b were up-regulated, but miR162b reduced in expression in Osaba1. The targets of these 13 miRNAs were predicted and validated by gene expression profiling. Interestingly, the expression levels of these miRNAs and their targets were regulated by ABA. Cleavage sites were detected on 7 of the miRNA targets by 5'-Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (5'-RACE). Finally, miR162b and its target OsTRE1 were shown to affect rice resistance to drought stress, suggesting that miR162b increases resistance to drought by targeting OsTRE1. Our work provides important information for further characterization and functional analysis of ABA-responsive miRNAs in rice. PMID:26233894

  2. Identification of Bone-Derived Factors Conferring De Novo Therapeutic Resistance in Metastatic Prostate Cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yu-Chen; Lin, Song-Chang; Yu, Guoyu; Cheng, Chien-Jui; Liu, Bin; Liu, Hsuan-Chen; Hawke, David H; Parikh, Nila U; Varkaris, Andreas; Corn, Paul; Logothetis, Christopher; Satcher, Robert L; Yu-Lee, Li-Yuan; Gallick, Gary E; Lin, Sue-Hwa

    2015-11-15

    Resistance to currently available targeted therapies significantly hampers the survival of patients with prostate cancer with bone metastasis. Here we demonstrate an important resistance mechanism initiated from tumor-induced bone. Studies using an osteogenic patient-derived xenograft, MDA-PCa-118b, revealed that tumor cells resistant to cabozantinib, a Met and VEGFR-2 inhibitor, reside in a "resistance niche" adjacent to prostate cancer-induced bone. We performed secretome analysis of the conditioned medium from tumor-induced bone to identify proteins (termed "osteocrines") found within this resistance niche. In accordance with previous reports demonstrating that activation of integrin signaling pathways confers therapeutic resistance, 27 of the 90 osteocrines identified were integrin ligands. We found that following cabozantinib treatment, only tumor cells positioned adjacent to the newly formed woven bone remained viable and expressed high levels of pFAK-Y397 and pTalin-S425, mediators of integrin signaling. Accordingly, treatment of C4-2B4 cells with integrin ligands resulted in increased pFAK-Y397 expression and cell survival, whereas targeting integrins with FAK inhibitors PF-562271 or defactinib inhibited FAK phosphorylation and reduced the survival of PC3-mm2 cells. Moreover, treatment of MDA-PCa-118b tumors with PF-562271 led to decreased tumor growth, irrespective of initial tumor size. Finally, we show that upon treatment cessation, the combination of PF-562271 and cabozantinib delayed tumor recurrence in contrast to cabozantinib treatment alone. Our studies suggest that identifying paracrine de novo resistance mechanisms may significantly contribute to the generation of a broader set of potent therapeutic tools that act combinatorially to inhibit metastatic prostate cancer.

  3. The Preparation of Mice Ascites with Anti-HBs/a Monoclonal Antibody Hybridoma Cell Separated from Mice Ascites%分离小鼠腹水中抗HBs/a单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞制备小鼠腹水

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹汉武; 刘琦

    2001-01-01

    探讨利用从小鼠腹水中分离获得的单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞, 大量制备小鼠单克隆抗体腹水的方法:收集已接种单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞的小鼠腹水,用淋巴细胞分离液离心分离腹水中的杂交瘤细胞;再将此分离出的杂交瘤细胞,注入其他小鼠腹腔又制得腹水。每只小鼠分离得到的杂交瘤细胞可供5只小鼠腹腔注射, 平均每只小鼠产腹水3.97 ml。此法可规模制备大量高效价的单克隆抗体腹水。%A large quantity of mice McAb ascites with monoclonal antibody (McAb) hybridoma cells separated from mice ascites was prepared. Ascites of mice inoculated with McAb hybridoma cells were collected, and the McAb hybridoma cells were isolated by centrifugation with lymphocyte separating fluid. McAb hybridoma cells then were injected into other mice abdominal cavity to prepare ascites again. McAb hybridoma cells separated from a mouse could be injected into the abdominal cavity of 5 mice. Each mouse could produce 3.97 ml ascites on average. This method could be used to prepare large quantity of high titer mice monoclonal anti-HBs/a ascites.

  4. A new statistical analysis of rare earth element diffusion data in garnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, X.; Ague, J. J.

    2015-12-01

    The incorporation of rare earth elements (REE) in garnet, Sm and Lu in particular, links garnet chemical zoning to absolute age determinations. The application of REE-based geochronology depends critically on the diffusion behaviors of the parent and daughter isotopes. Previous experimental studies on REE diffusion in garnet, however, exhibit significant discrepancies that impact interpretations of garnet Sm/Nd and Lu/Hf ages.We present a new statistical framework to analyze diffusion data for REE using an Arrhenius relationship that accounts for oxygen fugacity, cation radius and garnet unit-cell dimensions [1]. Our approach is based on Bayesian statistics and is implemented by the Markov chain Monte Carlo method. A similar approach has been recently applied to model diffusion of divalent cations in garnet [2]. The analysis incorporates recent data [3] in addition to the data compilation in ref. [1]. We also include the inter-run bias that helps reconcile the discrepancies among data sets. This additional term estimates the reproducibility and other experimental variabilities not explicitly incorporated in the Arrhenius relationship [2] (e.g., compositional dependence [3] and water content).The fitted Arrhenius relationships are consistent with the models in ref. [3], as well as refs. [1]&[4] at high temperatures. Down-temperature extrapolation leads to >0.5 order of magnitude faster diffusion coefficients than in refs. [1]&[4] at 2005) GCA 69 2385-2398. [6] Mezger et al. (1992) EPSL 113 397-409. [7] Kooijman et al. (2012) J Metamorph Geol 30 397-412.

  5. Progranulin gene variability and plasma levels in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

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    Daniela Galimberti

    Full Text Available Basing on the assumption that frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BPD might share common aetiological mechanisms, we analyzed genetic variation in the FTLD risk gene progranulin (GRN in a German population of patients with schizophrenia (n = 271 or BPD (n = 237 as compared with 574 age-, gender- and ethnicity-matched controls. Furthermore, we measured plasma progranulin levels in 26 German BPD patients as well as in 61 Italian BPD patients and 29 matched controls.A significantly decreased allelic frequency of the minor versus the wild-type allele was observed for rs2879096 (23.2 versus 34.2%, P<0.001, OR:0.63, 95%CI:0.49-0.80, rs4792938 (30.7 versus 39.7%, P = 0.005, OR: 0.70, 95%CI: 0.55-0.89 and rs5848 (30.3 versus 36.8, P = 0.007, OR: 0.71, 95%CI: 0.56-0.91. Mean±SEM progranulin plasma levels were significantly decreased in BPD patients, either Germans or Italians, as compared with controls (89.69±3.97 and 116.14±5.80 ng/ml, respectively, versus 180.81±18.39 ng/ml P<0.001 and were not correlated with age.In conclusion, GRN variability decreases the risk to develop BPD and schizophrenia, and progranulin plasma levels are significantly lower in BPD patients than in controls. Nevertheless, a larger replication analysis would be needed to confirm these preliminary results.

  6. 顾客参与对KIBS创新绩效的影响--基于组织学习的视角%Customer Participation’s Impact on Knowledge-intensive Services Innovation Performance---Based on the Perspective of Organizational Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑾; 陈丽珍; 肖志勇

    2015-01-01

    The paper builds up the theoretical framework of customer involvement influencing knowledge-intensive business services( KIBS) innovation performance from the perspective of organizational learning, and then it empirically tests the model based on 397 knowledge-intensive service enterprises. Result shows that, organizational learning is a mediate variable in customer participation affecting knowledge sharing and knowledge-intensive business services innovation performance. Furthermore, organizational learning plays a different degree between customer participation and sharing knowledge. Moreo-ver, organizational learning plays partial mediating role in information provision as well as co-production and knowledge sha-ring, and full mediating role in trust as well as personal interaction and knowledge sharing.%基于组织学习视角,构建顾客参与对KIBS创新绩效影响的理论模型,并以397家KIBS为研究对象进行实证检验。结果表明,组织学习是顾客参与通过影响知识共享、从而影响KIBS创新绩效的中介变量。组织学习发挥着程度不同的中介作用,其中,组织学习在信息提供和知识共享之间、在合作生产和知识共享之间均发挥着部分中介作用,在人际互动和知识共享之间则起到完全中介的作用。

  7. Expectativas en la demanda latente de actividad física de las mujeres y hombres mayores en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª Martín Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar en el conjunto de mujeres y varones mayores de 65 años en España que no practican pero desearían practicar actividad física (demanda latente, las posibles diferencias de género en las expectativas sobre las actividades demandadas y los beneficios que esperan obtener con su práctica. La metodología ha consistido en la realización de entrevistas cara a cara, aplicando un cuestionario estructurado, a una muestra aleatoriamente seleccionada de la población española de 65 años o más. Los 933 sujetos participantes en el estudio tenían una edad media de 74,1 años, siendo el 53,1% mujeres y el 46,9% varones. Los resultados obtenidos revelan que gran parte de estas mujeres mayores parecen tender a concentrar sus demandas en programas de ejercicio físico (39,7% o de actividades en el medio acuático (39,7%. También gran parte de los varones mayores se inclinan por ambas actividades (33,3% y 28,1%, pero otros prefieren algunos deportes (21,1% y actividades al aire libre (12,3%. El principal beneficio que estos hombres y mujeres mayores buscan en estas actividades es mantener o mejorar la salud seguidos de diferentes beneficios sociales y de ocupación del tiempo libre. Estas expectativas deberían ser consideradas en los programas dirigidos a este colectivo.

  8. 父母教养方式和青少年成就动机、竞争心理的关系%The Relationship between Parental Rearing Styles and Adolescents Achievement Motivation, Competitive Psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶颖瑜; 应湘

    2012-01-01

    To explore adolescent parents parenting style, achievement motivation and competitive psychology. The parents' rearing style rating scale (EMBU), Achievement Motivation Scale (AMS), college students compete psychological scale and high school students compete psychological scale of 397 young people. Results: (1), adolescents' parenting styles mainly to positive parenting, care to understand more severely punished less, and due to the gender of their children, whether begotten and grade differences. (2), parents' some factors and achievement motivation, competitive psychological and significantly related. (3), the parents of some of the factors and achievement motivation, competitive psychological predictive ability.%为探索青少年父母教养方式、成就动机和竞争心理的关系。采用父母教养方式评价量表(EMBU)、成就动机量表(AMS)、大学生竞争心理量表和中学生竞争心理量表对397名青少年进行研究。结果表明:(1)青少年父母教养方式以积极养育方式为主,关爱理解较多,严厉惩罚较少,并因子女的性别、是否独生和年级而有所差异。(2)父母的某些因子与成就动机、竞争心理有显著相关。(3)父母的某些因子与成就动机、竞争心理有预测能力。

  9. Abundance and seasonality of Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae in Southern Pantanal, Brazil Sazonalidade de Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae no Pantanal Sul-mato-grossense, Brasil

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    Wilson Werner Koller

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae, known as the secondary screwworm, occurs in the Americas and has medical-veterinary and forensic importance. This study aimed to describe the seasonal fluctuation of this species in the Pantanal region, Central-Western Brazil. From December 2004 to November 2007 fly catches using four windoriented traps baited with decaying bovine liver were carried out at the Nhumirim ranch, Nhecolândia subregion, Southern Pantanal. Traps remained active throughout the study period and collections were carried out on a weekly basis. A total of 159,397 Calliphoridae were caught and C. macellaria (57.33% was the most abundant species. C. macellaria occurred all over the year showing a bimodal behavior with peaks in May-July (late autumn/early winter and October-December (spring.Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae, conhecida como mosca-varejeira, ocorre no continente americano e apresenta importância médico-veterinária e forense. O presente estudo teve como objetivo conhecer a flutuação sazonal dessa espécie na região do Pantanal. De dezembro/2004 a novembro/2007 foram realizadas coletas de dípteros na fazenda Nhumirim, sub-região da Nhecolândia, Pantanal sul-mato-grossense. Foram utilizadas quatro armadilhas orientadas pelo vento, iscadas com fígado bovino deteriorado. As armadilhas permaneceram ativas durante todo o período de estudo, e coletas foram realizadas semanalmente. Foram capturados 159.397 califorídeos, sendo C. macellaria (57,33% a espécie mais abundante. C. macellaria foi observada em todos os meses do ano, apresentando comportamento bimodal com picos populacionais em maio/julho (final de outono/início de inverno e outubro/dezembro (primavera.

  10. Streptococcus pneumoniae from Palestinian nasopharyngeal carriers: serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance.

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    Abedelmajeed Nasereddin

    Full Text Available Infections of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children can be prevented by vaccination; left untreated, they cause high morbidity and fatalities. This study aimed at determining the nasopharyngeal carrier rates, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance patterns of S. pneumoniae in healthy Palestinian children under age two prior to the full introduction of the pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7, which was originally introduced into Palestine in a pilot trial in September, 2010. In a cross sectional study, nasopharyngeal specimens were collected from 397 healthy children from different Palestinian districts between the beginning of November 2012 to the end of January 2013. Samples were inoculated into blood agar and suspected colonies were examined by amplifying the pneumococcal-specific autolysin gene using a real-time PCR. Serotypes were identified by a PCR that incorporated different sets of specific primers. Antimicrobial susceptibility was measured by disk diffusion and MIC methods. The resulting carrier rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae was 55.7% (221/397. The main serotypes were PCV7 serotypes 19F (12.2%, 23F (9.0%, 6B (8.6% and 14 (4% and PCV13 serotypes 6A (13.6% and 19A (4.1%. Notably, serotype 6A, not included in the pilot trial (PCV7 vaccine, was the most prevalent. Resistance to more than two drugs was observed for bacteria from 34.1% of the children (72/211 while 22.3% (47/211 carried bacteria were susceptible to all tested antibiotics. All the isolates were sensitive to cefotaxime and vancomycin. Any or all of these might impinge on the type and efficacy of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines and antibiotics to be used for prevention and treatment of pneumococcal disease in the country.

  11. Crosstalk between EGFR and integrin affects invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer cell line, SGC7901

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    Dan L

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Li Dan,1,* Ding Jian,2,* Lin Na,1 Wang Xiaozhong,1 1Digestive Department, the Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fujian, People’s Republic of China; 2Digestive Department, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian, People’s Republic of China*These authors contributed equally to this workBackground/objective: To investigate the crosstalk between epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR and integrin-mediated signal transduction pathways in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells.Methods: EGF was used as a ligand of EGFR to stimulate the gastric adenocarcinoma cell, SGC7901. Signal molecules downstream of the integrin, FAK(Y397 and p130cas(Y410 phosphorylation, were measured by immunoprecipitation and western blot. Fibronectin (Fn was used as a ligand of integrin to stimulate the same cell line. Signal molecules downstream of EGFR and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK general phosphorylation were also measured. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK small-interfering RNA was designed and transfected into SGC7901 cells to decrease the expression of FAK. Modified Boyden chambers and MTT assay were used to examine the effect of FAK inhibition on the invasiveness and proliferation of SGC7901.Results: EGF activated FAK(Y397 and p130cas(Y410 phosphorylation, while Fn activated ERK general phosphorylation. Inhibition of FAK expression decreased p130cas(Y410 phosphorylation activated by EGF and ERK general phosphorylation activated by Fn, also decreased the invasiveness and proliferation of SGC7901 cells activated by EGF or Fn.Conclusion: There is crosstalk between EGFR and integrin signal transduction. FAK may be a key cross point of the two signal pathways and acts as a potential target for human gastric cancer therapy.Keywords: gastric adenocarcinoma, epidermal growth factor receptor, integrin, focal adhesion kinase, crosstalk

  12. Mulheres vítimas de homicídio em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: um estudo descritivo Mujeres víctimas de homicidios en Recife, estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, 2009/2010: un estudio descriptivo Female homicide victims in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, 2009-2010: a descriptive study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investigou o perfil epidemiológico de mulheres vítimas de homicídio em Recife, Pernambuco, Nordeste do Brasil. Realizou-se um estudo observacional, descritivo e prospectivo, incluindo todas as mulheres em idade de 10-49 anos, vítimas de homicídio e residentes em Recife, no período de março de 2009 a fevereiro de 2010. O instrumento utilizado foi um questionário que pesquisou as características socioeconômicas, demográficas, biológicas e de risco. Entrevistaram-se os familiares das vítimas e coletaram-se dados da Declaração de Óbito. Identificaram-se 60 homicídios no período do estudo. A maioria das vítimas era adulta, parda, com baixa escolaridade e baixa renda; 39,7% eram tabagistas; o uso de álcool e de drogas ilícitas correspondeu a 48,3% e 24,1%, respectivamente; e 29,3% sofreram violência física e/ou sexual nos 12 meses anteriores ao homicídio. As armas de fogo foram utilizadas em 69% dos casos.Este estudio investigó el perfil epidemiológico de mujeres víctimas de homicidio en Recife, Pernambuco, nordeste de Brasil. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo que incluyó a todas las mujeres de 10-49 años, víctimas de homicidios y residentes en Recife, desde marzo de 2009 hasta febrero de 2010. El instrumento utilizado fue un cuestionario de investigación de los factores socioeconómicos, demográficos, biológicos y de riesgo. Se entrevistó a los familiares de las víctimas y se recopiló datos sobre los certificados de defunción. Sesenta homicidios fueron identificados durante el período de estudio. La mayoría de las víctimas eran adultas, mulatas, un con bajo nivel de educación y con bajos ingresos, 39,7% eran fumadores, el consumo de alcohol y drogas ilícitas eran de un 48,3% y un 24,1%, respectivamente, además un 29,3% había experimentado violencia física y/o sexual en los 12 meses anteriores al homicidio. Las armas de fuego se utilizaron en 69,0% de los casos

  13. Maus-tratos na infância de mulheres vítimas de violência Malos tratos en la niñez de mujeres víctimas de violencia Mistreatment in childhood among female victims of violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Arleide da Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo identificar os comportamentos de risco de mulheres que presenciaram violência na família durante a sua infância e/ou adolescência e foram vítimas de violência na vida adulta, bem como determinar a prevalência desses casos e o perfil dessas mulheres. As mulheres investigadas eram assistidas no ambulatório de ginecologia do Centro de Atenção à Mulher do Instituto Materno-Infantil Professor Fernando Figueira, um centro de prestação de serviço terciário de saúde localizado no Nordeste do Brasil. O estudo foi um corte transversal e foram realizadas análises uni e bivariada em 619 questionários aplicados. Os resultados indicaram uma elevada prevalência (39,7% de história de violência familiar na infância e/ou adolescência de mulheres vítimas de violência na vida adulta. Concluiu-se que é importante e necessário identificar e assistir as famílias de risco, com o propósito de prevenir a prática de violência, haja vista a relevância da sua transmissão transgeracional.El presente estudio tuvo por objetivo determinar la preponderancia, identificar el perfil y comportamientos de riesgo desarrollados por mujeres que han vivenciado violencia en la familia durante su niñez y/o juventud y han sido víctimas de violencia en la vida adulta. Las mujeres investigadas eran asistidas en el ambulatorio de ginecología de un servicio terciario de salud en Nordeste de Brasil. El estudio fue un corte transversal y se realizó un análisis uni y bivariada en 619 cuestionarios aplicados. Los resultados indicaron una alta preponderancia 39,7% de histórico de violencia familiar en la niñez y/o juventud de mujeres víctimas de violencia en la vida adulta. Se concluyó por la importancia y necesidad de identificación y asistencia a las familias de riesgo, con el propósito de prevenir la práctica de violencia dada la relevancia de la su transmisión transgeracional.The aim of the present study was to

  14. 虹鳟完全双列杂交试验生长性状遗传分析%Genetic analysis of rainbow trout growth traits based on a complete diallele crossing experiment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳红; 李宁; 蒋丽; 谷伟; 张晓慧; 杨润清; 王炳谦

    2015-01-01

    通过来自渤海、丹麦、道氏、挪威和美国加州的5个虹鳟(Onchorynchus mykiss)养殖群体的完全双列杂交试验,分别在第249天、397天、552天和771天4个时间点观测了体重和体长变化.多重比较分析发现,20个杂交组合与对应5个自繁系之间在体重或体长性状上存在显著差异(P<0.05).采用最小二乘分析法估算了不同时间点体重和体长的一般配合力、特殊配合力、反交效应、母体效应及自繁效应值.结果显示,只有少数的遗传效应是显著存在的,而且这些遗传效应在不同性状和不同时间点的表现不尽相同.整个观测过程中,渤海群体和道氏杂交组合的体重和体长生长速度都是最快的,并且在体长上与对应的自繁系比较差异显著(P<0.05).体重性状上,道氏群体的一般配合力在249日龄和397日龄时最大,且均显著存在(P<0.05);母体效应在249日龄时显著存在(P<0.05),其效应值仅次于丹麦群体.体长性状上,道氏群体的母体效应在249日龄和397日龄时最大,且均显著存在(P<0.05).在所有杂交组合中,渤海和道氏杂交组合最为高效,体重性状上,整个观测过程中其特殊配合力为最大;体长性状上,其特殊配合力均为正值(0.30,0.03,0.17,2.55),在771日龄时为最大,并显著存在(P<0.05).研究表明,以道氏群体作为亲本之一可有效提高虹鳟后代生长性能,渤海和道氏群体的杂交组合效果最好,可以作为选育的基础群体.

  15. Crystal Structure and Enthalpy Change of Reaction Formation for ZnL2Cl2%ZnL2Cl2的晶体结构和生成反应焓变

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    周惠良; 张小敏

    2012-01-01

    在无水乙醇中,制备了ZnCl2与3,5-二甲基吡唑(L)反应的配合物,确定其组成为ZnL2Cl2.单晶结构分析表明,配给物中,Zn2+分别与2分子L中的2个N配位,同时与2个C1配位,总配位数为4.晶体属于单钭晶系,空间点群为C2/c,a=15.040 nm(16),b=8.286 nm(10),c=23.890 nm(3),β=95.592(2)°,Z=8.微量热法测得298.15K下ZnCl2与3,5-二甲基吡唑在无水乙醇中的溶解焓及配合物液相生成反应焓变分别为(7.397±0.011),(-33.102±0.010),(6.756±0.005) kJ/mol,并求得固相生成反应的焓变.可为对该类配合物的深入研究提供参考.%The solid complex of zinc chloride with 3,5-Dimethyl-1H-pyrazole (L) ZnL2Cl2 was synthesized in alcohol. The crystal structure showed that Zn2+ was coordinated by two nitrogen atoms in 3,5-Dimethyl-1H-pyrazole and two chlorine atoms. It crystallizes in a monoclinic system, space group C2/c with α= 15.0401(16) nm, b= 8.2860(10) ran, c= 23.890(3) nm, β= 95. 592 (2)°, Z = 8. The enthalpies of solution of zinc chloride and L in alcohol at 298. 15 K and the enthalpy change of liquid-phase reaction of formation for complex ZnL2Cl2 was determined by a microcalorimetry as (7. 397+0.011), ( — 33. 102±0. 010) and (6. 756 ±0. 005) kJ/mol, respectively. The enthalpy change of the solid-phase reaction of formation was obtained through a thermochemical cycle.

  16. Clinical features of 239 cases of pituitary adenomas%垂体肿瘤239例临床特征分析

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    陈刚; 卓雅芬; 姚瑾; 梁继兴; 黄惠彬; 李连涛; 林丽香

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study clinical feature and therapeutic choice of pituitary adenomas. Methods The clinical data of 239 cases of pituitary adenomas were analyzed. Results Total 93 male and 146 female cases were recruited. The average age was (43.8 ± 14.9 ) years old (3.9-77 years). Prolactinomas were the most common pituitary adenomas (26.8%) , 179 patients (74.9%) underwent surgery, of which 108 (60.3%) with transsphenoidal approach and 71 (39.7%) transcranial approach. The other 60 cases were treated nonsurgically. Conclusions Pituitary adenomas may present hormonal abnormalities or neurological symptoms.Some adenomas were accidently detected by MRI. Prolactinomas were the most common pituitary adenomas.%目的 探讨垂体瘤的临床特征及治疗方案.方法 回顾性分析福建省立医院自1994年1月至2007年6月间收住的239例垂体瘤患者的临床资料.结果 239例垂体腺瘤中,男性93例(38.9%),女性146例(61.1%).诊断时的平均年龄为(43.8±14.9)岁(范围为3.9~77岁).依据临床表现、影像学及内分泌检查、免疫组织化学染色所示,催乳素瘤为最常见的肿瘤(26.8%).手术治疗179例(74.9%),其中经蝶入路108例(60.3%),经额入路71例(39.7%),非手术治疗及随访者60例(25.1%).结论 垂体瘤可表现为内分泌异常、神经系统症状或其他原因行MRI意外发现;催乳素瘤为最常见的肿瘤.

  17. Quimioprofilaxis para evitar la colonización materna por estreptococo grupo B: consecuencias de no adoptar la recomendación internacional Maternal chemoprophylaxis against group B Streptococcus colonization: the consequences of not adopting the international recommendation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Reyna-Figueroa

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer el criterio para la quimioprofilaxis en mujeres embarazadas colonizadas con Streptococcus agalactiae (SGB y las repercusiones de la infección en México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se identificó a mujeres embarazadas con SGB mediante el cultivo cervicovaginal y/o urinario en una revisión de cinco años. Se formaron dos grupos: con uso de quimioprofilaxis, el primero, y sin uso de la misma, el segundo. Con base en la utilización de la prueba de ji cuadrada se determinó la diferencia de proporciones. La aproximación de ji cuadrada para la distribución de Poisson comparó los promedios de la infección neonatal. RESULTADOS: Se notificaron 274 cultivos positivos para SGB en 261 pacientes; 165 (60.2% cervicovaginales, 109 (39.7% urinarios, y en 13 pacientes (4.7% se obtuvo resultado positivo en ambos. De las 261 pacientes, 53 (5.6% recibieron profilaxis intraparto (pOBJECTIVE: To know the criteria which determine the chemoprophylaxis on pregnant women colonized by Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS and the impact in our environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis, identifying pregnant women with isolation of Streptococcus agalactiae on screening cultures, cervical swabs and urine culture. Two groups were analyzed, group 1 received chemoprophylaxis, and group 2 without chemoprophylaxis. Chi square was used to asses the difference between proportions. Chi square approximation to Poisson distribution was used to compare the means of neonatal infection. RESULTS: A total of 274 cultures were reported with GBS isolation, on 261 patients; 165 (60.2% cervical swabs, 109 (39.7% urine culture and 13 patients from 274 (4.7% had positive culture on both specimens. Of this 261 patients, 53 (5.6% received chemoprophylaxis during labor (p<0.05. The CDC criteria were followed accuracy on 29.2%. CONCLUSIONS: There have not been established criteria for screening colonization by GBS in Mexican pregnant women.

  18. Lung cancer in HIV-infected patients

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    R Palacios

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Several studies have shown that HIV patients are at higher risk of lung cancer. Our aim is to analyse the prevalence and features of lung cancer in HIV-infected patients. Methods: The clinical charts of 4,721 HIV-infected patients seen in three hospitals of southeast Spain (study period 1992–2012 were reviewed, and all patients with a lung cancer were analysed. Results: There were 61 lung cancers, giving a prevalence of 1.2%. There was a predominance of men (82.0%, and smokers (96.6%; mean pack-years 35.2, with a median age of 48.0 (41.7–52.9 years, and their distribution according to risk group for HIV was: intravenous drug use 58.3%, homosexual 20.0%, and heterosexual 16.7%. Thirty-four (56.7% patients were Aids cases, and 29 (47.5% had prior pulmonar events: tuberculosis 16, bacterial pneumonia 9, and P. jiroveci pneumonia 4. The median nadir CD4 count was 149/mm3 (42–232, the median CD4 count at the time of diagnosis of the lung cancer was 237/mm3 (85–397, and 66.1%<350/mm3. 66.7% were on ART, and 70% of them had undetectable HIV viral load. The most common histological types of lung cancer were adenocarcinoma and epidermoid, with 24 (40.0% and 23 (38.3% cases, respectively. There were 49 (80.3% cases with advanced stages (III and IV at diagnosis. The distribution of treatments was: only palliative 23 (39.7%, chemotherapy 14 (24.1%, surgery and chemotherapy 8 (13.8%, radiotherapy 7 (12.1%, surgery 4 (6.9%, and other combined treatments 2 (3.4%. Forty-six (76.7% patients died, with a median survival time of 3 months. The Kaplan-Meier survival rate at 6 months was 42.7% (at 12 months 28.5%. Conclusions: The prevalence of lung cancer in this cohort of HIV-patients is high. People affected are mainly men, smokers, with transmission of HIV by intravenous drug use, and around half of them with prior opportunistic pulmonary events. Most patients had low nadir CD4 count, and were immunosuppressed at the time of diagnosis

  19. 食用真菌对大蒜素的敏感性测定%Inhibitory Activity of Allicin against Edible Mushrooms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾东方; 陈玢; 曾麟; 桓娇

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] Antifungal activity of allicin from vegetable Allium sativum was determined against mycelial growth of edible mushrooms Lentinula edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus, Pleurotus cornucopiae. [ Method ] Growth rate and diameter of antifungal circles were analyzed for edible fungi tested on the nutrition plates with allicin. [ Result] 67.2%, 74.6%, 78.4% of inhibitory percentage were got separately by 5,10, 20 mg/mi of allicin prepared from water leach on Lentinula edodes. Diameter of anfifungal circles attained by alcohol extraction varied from 28.0 mm to 35.7 mm for Pleurotus ostreatus, and from 30. 7 mm to 39.7 mm for Pleurotus cornucopiae. [ Conclusion ] Results suggested that allicin has potential to act as antiseptic and preservative in product processing of edible fungi.%[目的]测定食用真菌营养繁殖体对大蒜素生物杀菌剂、防腐剂、保鲜剂的敏感性.[方法]采用组织分离法培养香菇(Lentinulaedodes)、平菇(Pleurotus ostreatus)、姬菇(Pleurotus cornucopiae)菌丝体,以水浸提法和乙醇萃取法制备大蒜素,依据生长速率法、改良管碟法分别在平板上测定供试真菌对大蒜素的敏感性.[结果]5、10、20 mg/ml大蒜素对香菇抑菌率分剐为67.2%、74.6%、78.4%;对平菇抑菌圈直径为28.0~35.7 mm,对姬菇抑菌圈直径为30.7~39.7 mm.[结论]供试真菌菌丝体生长受大蒜素的抑制,提示食用菌栽培不适合采用大蒜素防治病害或杂菌污染,但可尝试研制蘑菇子实体的大蒜素防腐剂、保鲜剂.

  20. Analysis on the Changes of Incidence Rates on Birth Defects in Yidu City during 2007-2011%宜都市2007-2011年出生缺陷发生趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹方兰

    2013-01-01

    目的:调查笔者所在市出生缺陷发生情况,了解出生缺陷变化趋势,为制定干预措施提供依据。方法:对笔者所在市2007-2011年各监测医院上报的《出生缺陷报告卡》进行回顾性总结分析。结果:出生缺陷发生率呈下降趋,五年平均出生缺陷发生率10.57‰。其中肢体缺陷发生率3.97‰,居第一位;唇腭裂发生率1.55‰,居第二位;外耳畸形发生率1.4‰,居第三位。结论:开展婚前保健、增补叶酸、孕前保健、孕期保健、产前筛查、产前诊断和终止妊娠等干预措施,降低出生缺陷发生率。%Objective:To investigate the birth defects in this city,to acquaintance the trend of birth defects and provide evidence for the intervention measures.Method:To retrospectively analyze“birth defects report card”reported by each monitoring hospital in 2007-2011.Result:The incidence of birth defects was declined,the average defect rate was 10.57‰.The incidence rate of limb defects reached 3.97‰,ranking the first;the incidence rate of cleft lip and palate defects reached 1.55‰,ranking the second;the incidence rate of ear malformation reached 1.4‰,ranking the third.Conclusion:To reduce the incidence of birth defects by intervention measures such as premarital care,folic acid,preconception care,prenatal care,prenatal screening,prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy.

  1. 聚合物碳化制备高比表面积微孔炭材料及其CO2吸附性能%High-surface-area microporous carbons derived from polymers carbonization and their CO2 adsorption properties

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    田忠卫; 向敏; 赵文艳; 蔡进军

    2016-01-01

    Porous carbons were prepared from the waste commercial byproduct of poly (vinylidene chloride) resin powders,and the corresponding CO2 adsorption properties at 298 K were studied.The results indicated that carbons with surface areas of 1220 m2· g-1 were obtained through direct carbonization and all pores were less than 1.5 nm,showing high CO2 uptake of 3.97 mmol·g-1 at 1 bar.KOH activation was applied to adjust pore structure and this process greatly enhanced the surface area and retained high porosity in the resulting carbons.However,CO2 uptake at 1 bar was slightly lowered in activated carbons compared with pristine one and uptake at high pressure was proportional to surface area.The carbon with surface area of 2150 m2· g-1 has CO2 uptake up to 18.27 mmol·g-1 at 20 bar,larger than many other related porous adsorbents.%以商业化副产物聚偏二氯乙烯(PVDC)树脂粉末为碳源制备炭材料并研究了298 K时CO2的吸附性能.研究结果表明,PVDC树脂直接碳化得到比表面积为1220 m2·g-1且孔径小于1.5 nm的纯微孔炭材料,CO2在1 bar下的吸附量高达3.97 mmol·g-1.在此基础上用KOH对微孔炭材料进行活化处理,发现KOH活化在增大炭材料比表面积的同时能保持高微孔率,但1 bar下的CO2吸附量适度降低.高压下CO2吸附量与炭材料的比表面积呈正比,20 bar时在比表面积为2150 m2·g-1样品上的吸附量为18.27 mmol·g-1,这与其他类型高比表面积吸附剂相比都处于较高水平.

  2. 管理方格理论在护理管理中的应用研究%The application study of managerial grid theory in nursing management

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    张芹; 苑玉萍

    2008-01-01

    Objective To discuss the correlation between the leading style of lead nurses and nurses satisfaction degree with work of by applying managerial grid theory.Methods 300 nurses from 40 nursing units of 5 hospitals above class-two level were investigated with 3 kinds questionnaires.Results The number of head nurses who were considered to conduct with bureaucratic style reached 39.7%.Those with democratic style,parent style,autocratical style and indulgent style ranked the 2nd,3th,4th and 5th position respectively.In addition the leading styles were correlated with nurses'satisfaction degree with work,among which the democratic style gained the highest satisfaction degree of nurses. Conclusion The democratic leading style Was the most satisfying and it put forward new thinking and reference for future nursing management.%目的 应用管理方格理论探讨护士长领导方式与护士工作满足程度之相关性.方法 通过3种问卷调查,对5所二级以上医院40个护理单元300名护士进行调查.结果 被护士认为官僚式领导方式的护士长人数最多占39.7%,被护士认为民主式、父母式、独裁式及放任式领导方式的护士长分别居第2、3、4、5位.另外,各类领导方式对护士的工作满足程度均有关系(F=3.4272,P<0.05),民主式领导方式的管理方法,护士的满足程度最高.结论 民主式领导方式在护理管理中为最满意的一种领导方式,为今后的护理管理工作提出了新的思路与依据.

  3. The influence of genetic variability and proinflammatory status on the development of bone disease in patients with Gaucher disease.

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    Javier Gervas-Arruga

    Full Text Available Gaucher disease, the most common lysosomal storage disorder, is caused by β-glucocerebrosidase deficiency. Bone complications are the major cause of morbidity in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1. Genetic components strongly influence bone remodelling. In addition, chronic inflammation produced by Gaucher cells induces the production of several cytokines, which leads to direct changes in the bone remodelling process and can also affect the process indirectly through other immune cells. In this study, we analysed the association between bone mineral density (BMD, bone marrow burden score, and relevant genetic polymorphisms related to bone metabolism, as well as profiles of proinflammatory cytokines in a GD1 cohort. This study included 83 patients distributed according to bone status. BMD was measured with DXA and broadband ultrasound attenuation; bone marrow involvement was evaluated using MRI. We also analysed 26 SNPs located in 14 genes related to bone metabolism. To assess proinflammatory status, we analysed IL-4, IL-6, IL-7, IL-10, IL-13, MIP-1α, MIP-1β, and TNFα in plasma samples from 71 control participants and GD1 patients. SNP genotype proportions and BMD differed significantly between ESRI c.453-397T>C and VDR c.1024+283G>A variants. We also observed significant associations between GD1 genotypes and bone affectation. When patients were stratified by spleen status, we observed significant correlations between non-/splenectomized groups and Spanish MRI (S-MRI score. Across genotype proportions of non-/splenectomized patients and S-MRI, we observed significant differences in ESRI c.453-397T>C, VDR c.-83-25988G>A, and TNFRSF11B c.9C>G polymorphisms. We observed different significant proinflammatory profiles between control participants, treatment-naïve patients, and patients on enzyme replacement therapy (ERT; between non-/splenectomized patients (between untreated and ERT-treated patients and among those with differing GBA

  4. 水溶性苝二酰亚胺类衍生物pH荧光探针的合成及表征%Synthesis and Characterization of a pH Fluorescence Probe Based on Water Soluble Perylene Diimide Derivative

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    马永山; 张凤霞; 孙友敏; 吴俊森; 孙韶华

    2011-01-01

    N, N'-bi ( L-aminosuccinic amine ) -perylene-3,4; 9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide ( PTCDA ) was synthesized and characterized. The UV-vis absorbance of PTCDA( 10 -5 mol/L) solution is sensitive to pH value over a wide range from 10.75 to 3.97, and a gradual decrease with absorption intensity was observed as pH ranging from 10.75 to 4.73. A rapid decline in fluorescence intensity was found with pH varing from 10.75 to 9.66 ,while a trady reduction in fluorescence intensity was found upon a fall in pH from 9.66 to 5.12. The fluorescence of PTCDA was quenched when the pH was inferior to 5.12. The change of fluorescence spectrum and absorption spectrum can be attributed to the π-π stacking produced by pH value. This indicates PTCDA can be used as a pH probe in water solution.%合成并表征了化合物N,N'-二天冬氨酸铵盐-3,4,9,10-苝四羧酸二酰亚胺(PTCDA).当pH值从10.75减小到3.97时.c(PTCDA)=10-5 mol/L水溶液的紫外-可见吸收强度减弱,且变化灵敏.当该溶液的pH从10.75减小到9.66时,荧光强度急剧降低;当pH从9.66继续减小到5.12时,荧光强度减弱相对缓慢;当pH值减小到5.12以下时,荧光强度迅速降低直至猝灭.pH的改变对发光团π-π堆积产生影响进而导致其荧光发射光谱和可见吸收光谱发生改变.该化合物是一个很好的水溶性pH荧光探针.

  5. Crosslinked Chitosan by Vanillin under Microwave Radiation and Its Adsorption Property of Cd( Ⅱ )%微波辐射香草醛交联壳聚糖对镉(Ⅱ)的吸附性能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕韶丹; 安向艳; 党明岩; 乐意; 刘清玉

    2012-01-01

    采用微波辐射技术合成了香草醛交联壳聚糖( V-CTS)希夫碱,用红外光谱和扫描电镜对产物结构进行了表征,研究了该吸附剂对镉离子的吸附性能.结果表明,香草醛改性壳聚糖粒径约在5~40 μm之间,吸附剂对镉离子的的吸附条件是:pH为6.0,100 mg/LCd2+溶液50mL,吸附剂投加量为0.02 g,吸附震荡时间5h,温度20℃,吸附量为39.7 mg/g.与水浴法制备的吸附剂以及其他壳聚糖改性产品相比,该吸附剂的吸附量大大提高,且操作方法简单,工艺条件易于控制.%A cross-linked chitosan vanillin (V-CTS) Schiff was synthesized under microwave radiation. The structure of product was characterized by IR and SEM, and its adsorption of Cd (Ⅱ) ions was investigated Results showed that average particle size of V-CTS was 5-40 μm, uptake amount of Cd(Ⅱ ) ions was up to 39.7 mg/g at initial concentration of Cd2+ solution 50 mL 100 mg/L, pH 6.0 for 5 h by 0.02 g V-CTS. Compared with V-CTS under water bath heating and previously used adsorbents, V-CTS under microwave radiation has a higher adsorption capacity, with simple operation and easy control process.

  6. Análise pré e pós-operatória da capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida de pacientes portadores de Osteoartrose de quadril submetidos à Artroplastia Total Pre- and Post-Surgery analysis of functional capacity and quality of life of patienst with Osteoarthritis submitted to Total Hip Artroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lislei Jorge Patrizzi

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a capacidade funcional da articulação do quadril e a qualidade de vida de pacientes portadores de osteoartrose submetidos à artroplastia total. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 12 pacientes através do questionário Harris Hip Score (modificado/ escala de 0-95 pontos e goniometria no pré e pós-operatório de artroplastia total de quadril. RESULTADOS: a amplitude de movimento mostrou-se incompleta em todos os arcos de movimento no pré-operatório. No pós-operatório os valores aumentaram significativamente na flexão (p=0,007, extensão (p=0,02, abdução (p=0,001, rotação medial (p=0,0002 e lateral (p=0,01, apenas o aumento do movimento de adução de quadril não foi significativo (p=0,08. A medida do escore obtido através do questionário no pré-operatório foi 39,7 pontos e no pós-operatório 74,1 pontos (POBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional capacity of the hip articulation and the quality of life of patients with osteoarthritis submitted to total artroplasty. METHODS: 12 patients were assessed through the questionnaire Harris Hip Score (modified/scale of 0-95 points and goniometry in the pre- and post-surgery of total hip artroplasty. RESULTS: The pre-surgery questionnaire score was 39.7 and in the post-surgery the average score reached 74.1 points (p = 0.000001. The range of motion of the hip was incomplete in all the movement arches in the pre-surgery, but in the post-surgery this value increased significantly in flexion (p = 0.007, extension (p = 0.02, abduction (p = 0.001, medial rotation (p = 0.0002 and lateral rotation (p = 0.01; only the aduction movement was not significantly increased (p = 0.08. CONCLUSIONS: Total hip artroplasty reliefs patients pain, improves daily life activities and increases the hip range of motion; patients, however, relate fear and insecurity in the accomplishment of those activities.

  7. Faunal Characteristics of Butterflies in Xiaoxi National Nature Reserve of Hunan,China%湖南小溪国家级自然保护区蝶类资源及其区系特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佑祥; 阎中军; 刘志霄

    2011-01-01

    A systematic survey was conducted on butterflies in Xiaoxi National Nature Reserve of Hunan Province from 2003 to 2008,and an integrative identification,classification and faunal analysis were carried out based on the collected butterfly specimens.The main results were as following:(1) The total of 9 families including 68 genera with 126 species were identified,which consisted of Papilionidae 5 genera with 15 species,Pieridae 8 genera with 11 species,Amathusiidae 2 genera with 2 species,Satyridae 9 genera with 13 species,Nymphalidae 26 genera with 61 species,Libytheidae 1 genus with 1 specie,Riodinidae 2 genera with 3 species,Lycaenidae 6 genera with 8 species,and Hesperiidae 9 genera with 12 species.(2) It was considered that the oriental species(66.67% of all species) were the dominant fauna,while the palearctic-oriental common species accounted for 23.81% with 30 species,the palearctic and widespread species accounted for 5.56% with 7 species and 3.97% with 5 species in this reserve,respectively.%2003-2008年间,对湖南小溪国家级自然保护区境内的蝴蝶进行了标本采集和分类鉴定,查明区内蝴蝶共有126种,隶属于9科68属,即凤蝶科5属15种、粉蝶科8属11种、环蝶科2属2种、眼蝶科9属13种、蛱蝶科26属61种、喙蝶科1属1种、蚬蝶科2属3种、灰蝶科6属8种和弄蝶科9属12种.其区系成分以东洋界种类为主,共84种,占总种数的66.67%;古北东洋共有种次之,共30种(23.81%);古北界种7种(5.56%);广布种5种(3.97%).

  8. Perfil dos acidentes ofídicos no norte do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil Profile of snakebite accidents in the north of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Santos Lima

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos acidentes ofídicos da macrorregião de saúde do Norte do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Foram analisadas informações sobre os acidentes ofídicos relativos ao período compreendido entre janeiro de 2002 a dezembro de 2006, por meio de bancos de dados. Os resultados demonstraram 10.553 casos notificados, com ênfase para a maior casuística em meses de tempo quente e chuvoso, em áreas urbanas (54,1%, faixa etária menor de 20 anos (39,7%, acometendo mais homens e estudantes (53,1% e 29,1% respectivamente. Os membros inferiores (pé, dedo do pé, perna e coxa foram os locais mais afetados (35,9%, as serpentes prevalentes foram do gênero Bothrops (82,9% e a gravidade da maioria dos acidentes foi leve (66,2%. Observou-se nesse estudo um importante impacto da sazonalidade, urbanização, subnotificação das espécies envolvidas nesses acidentes e busca rápida pelo pronto atendimento. Espera-se que os dados inéditos da casuística obtida possam servir de substrato para o planejamento e execução de medidas voltadas para vigilância em saúde e atendimento.The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological profile of snakebite accidents in the healthcare macroregion of the north of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Database information on snakebite accidents covering the period from January 2002 to December 2006 was analyzed. It was found that 10,553 cases were notified, and that the samples were noticeably larger in the months of hot and rainy weather, in urban areas (54.1%, at ages less then 20 years (39.7% and among men and students (53.1% and 29.1% respectively. The lower limbs (feet, toes, legs and thighs were the locations most affected (35.9%. The most prevalent snakes were in the genus Bothrops (82.9% and most of the accidents were mild (66.2%. In this study, it was seen that the seasonality, urbanization and undernotification of the species involved in these

  9. 18356例宫颈液基细胞学与活检组织病理学结果分析%Analysis the Results of 18 356 Cases of Liquid-based Cervical Cytology and the Histopathology of Colposcopic Biopsy in Cervical Screening/

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江淑萍; 孔友明; 陈冰

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨宫颈液基细胞学与活检组织病理学在宫颈病变筛查中的价值.方法:对18356例经宫颈液基细胞学检查发现异常者在阴道镜下活检的患者临床及病理资料进行回顾性分析.结果:LCT 显示:18356例中,ASCUS 以上的有1256例,阳性率为6.8%,其中 ASCUS 占51.8%,LSIL占29.5%,HSIL 占10.6%.宫颈活检:慢性炎症占39.7%,CIN Ⅰ占37.3%,CIN Ⅱ占13.6%,CIN Ⅲ占8.9%,宫颈癌占0.4%.结论:LCT 液基细胞学检测系统是一种有效的宫颈癌前病变筛查方法.对 LCT 阳性病例行阴道镜下活检,能大大提高宫颈癌前病变及宫颈癌早期检出率,减少漏诊的发生.%Objective:To evaluate the value of liquid-based cytology (LCT) and histopathology of colposcopic biopsy in cervical screening.Methods:The cervical LCT results of 18 356 cases were analyzed,follow up diagnoses of colposcopic biopsy were available for those cytological abnormalities,then we performed a retrospective analysis of those clinical and pathological data.Results:Among 18 356 patients receiving LCT,1256 patients were diagnosed as Above-ASCUS pathological changes,the positive detection rate was 6.8%.Among these,ASCUS,LSIL and HSIL were 51.8%,29.5% and 10.6%,respectively. Among 1256 patients receiving colposcopic biopsy,39.7% were diagnosed as chronic inflammation,and cervical intraepithelial neoplasiaⅠ(CINⅠ) were 37.3%, CIN Ⅱ were 13.6%,CIN Ⅲ were 8.9% and cervical cancer were 0.4%.Conclusion:LCT liquid-based cytology technology is an effective method in screening of cervical precancerous disease.Combining with colposcopic biopsy among patients with abnormal LCT results,can not only improve the detection rate of cervical precancerous lesions and early stage of cervical cancer,but also reduce the incidence of missed diagnosis,significantly.

  10. Docência e exaustão emocional Teaching and emotional exhaustion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo J. F. Borges dos Reis

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Um estudo epidemiológico transversal com todos os 808 professores da Rede Municipal de Ensino de Vitória da Conquista, Bahia, encontrou elevadas prevalências de queixas de cansaço mental (70,1% e de nervosismo (49,2%. Diversos fatores de risco associaram-se a cansaço mental e a nervosismo: idade >27 anos, ser mulher, ter filhos, escolaridade média, lecionar >5 anos, vínculo de trabalho estável, trabalho em zona urbana, carga horária semanal >35h, renda >360 reais, sobrecarga doméstica média/alta, não ter atividades de lazer, alta demanda no trabalho e baixo suporte social. A classificação do trabalho docente, segundo o Modelo Demanda-Controle de Karasek, revelou os quadrantes "baixa exigência" (40,3% e "trabalho ativo" (39,7%, ambos com alto controle das atividades por parte dos professores. Professores em trabalho de "alta exigência" e "trabalho ativo" apresentaram prevalências de cansaço mental e de nervosismo mais elevadas que aqueles de "baixa exigência".An epidemiological cross-sectional study among the 808 teachers from Vitória da Conquista, State of Bahia, Brazil, revealed that most of them complained of mental tiredness (70,1% and nervousness (49,2%. Several risk factors were statistically associated with mental tiredness and nervousness: age > 27 years, being female, having children, having secondary education, teaching for >5 years, stable job, working in urban areas, weekly work hours e"35 hours, income > BRL 360 (± USD 185, medium/high domestic overload, having no leisure activity, high psychological demand at work and low social support. According to Karasek's demand-control model, teachers' work was classified in the "low strain" (40.3% and "active work" (39.7% quadrants, both with high control of activities by teachers. Teachers with "high strain" and "active work" presented higher prevalence of mental tiredness and of nervousness than those with "low strain" jobs.

  11. The causes and effect of knowledge management strategy: The impact of human resources%知识管理战略前因及后果:人力资源的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜维; 司有和; 温平川

    2009-01-01

    Knowledge management strategy as an important issue of knowledge management field becomes more and more popular.The resource - based theory is taken as the research perspective,and an integrated model which takes the human resources and IT competency as the knowledge management strategy causes,and the organization performance as the effect is constructed.The 397 firms were taken as samples to test the model.And the results showed that human resources and IT competency can affect knowledge management strategy positively,and knowledge management strategy also affect organization performance positively.The results also showed that human resource has a positive impact on IT competency.The direct and indirect effect also exits between human resources and organization performance.This is the a mechanism of human resources depicted by the model.%知识管理战略作为知识管理领域内的一个热点问题,受到了越来越多学者的重视.本文以资源基础理论为研究视角,构建了一个以人力资源和IT能力为知识管理战略前因,组织绩效为知识管理战略后果的整合模型.并以我国东部、中部、西部的397家企业为样本对模型进行了实证检验.研究结果发现,人力资源和IT能力作为前因对知识管理战略有正向的影响,知识管理战略对其后果组织绩效也有显著正向影响.同时,研究还发现,人力资源作为企业内部最重要的资源,对IT能力有促进作用,并且对组织绩效有直接和间接的影响.因此该模型也勾勒出了人力资源在知识管理战略情景下的作用机制.

  12. A Cross-sectional Study of the Pattern of Body Image Perception among Female Students of BBM College in Vijayapur, North Karnataka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Shailaja S.; Angadi, Mahabaleshwar Mahantappa; Pattankar, Tanuja P.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Body image is an essential aspect of young girls’ self-definition and individual identity which is influenced by various biological, psychological and social factors. Excessive concern about body image, body image misconception are leading to dissatisfaction, disturbed eating patterns, affecting the nutritional status and also leading to depression and anxiety disorders. This concept of body image has been less explored in Indian context, especially among young girls. Aims The objectives of the study were to assess the body image perception among young college going girls, using a visual analog scale and to compare body image perception and satisfaction with their BMI levels and weight changing methods adopted. Materials and Methods An exploratory cross-sectional study was conducted among 63 female students studying BBM course at a private commerce institution in Vijayapur city. Data was collected using a self administered questionnaire containing details of basic socio-demographic information and a validated visual analogue scale. Height was measured by Seca Stadiometer, weight was measured using Digital weighing machine and Body Mass Index levels were calculated. Percentages were calculated for descriptive variables. Chi-square test was applied for analysing categorical variables. Spearman Rank correlation test was applied for analysing ordinal data. Results A 39.7% of participants were underweight and 15.9% were overweight/obese. Majority of underweight and overweight girls (72% and 89%, respectively) perceived themselves as normal weight. Body image satisfaction of participants was found to be significantly associated with their body image perception, mothers’ educational status and also with relatives’ and peer group’s opinions about their body weight. Unhealthy weight changing patterns like skipping meals (13%), increasing quantity and frequency of meals (17%) were reported among study participants Conclusion This exploratory study

  13. 叶籽银杏种质资源染色体核型分析及进化趋势%Analysis on Karyotype and Its Evolutional Trend of Ginkgo biloba var. epiphylla Germplasms Resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张芳; 邢世岩; 韩晨静; 唐海霞

    2011-01-01

    The karyotype of 28 Ginkgo biloba var.epiphylla Mak.germplasms which came from Japan and Shandong were studied by method of squash with the young leaves.The results showed that all the chromosomes were diploid,the chromosome number could be described as 2n = 2x = 24,the karyotype was mainly composed of median centromere chromosome(m),nearly median centromere chromosome(sm)and subterminal region(st);There were satellites in 6 germplasms.The variance’s analysis shows that there was significant difference between SY2 and other germplasms on length ratio of chromosome which was 3.97,the asymmetrical karyotype coefficient and mean arm ratio differed greatly among germplasms.GX3 and HB were more maximum than other germplasms,while the evolution extent of NS2 was originative.%以来自日本、中国山东等地的28株叶籽银杏种质幼叶为试材,采用常规压片法,对其核型进行了研究。结果表明:各种质染色体均为二倍体,2n=2x=24,核型有中部着丝粒染色体(m)、近中部着丝粒染色体(sm)和近端部着丝粒染色体(st)等3种类型;有6个种质具随体。方差分析表明:种质SY2染色体长度比与其它种质差异显著,为3.97;各种质的平均臂比和核型不对称系数之间差异较大。种质GX3和种质HB较进化,种质NS2较原始。

  14. Effect of motivational interviewing health education on the self-efficacy of diabetes patients%动机性访谈式健康教育对糖尿病患者自我效能的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张帅; 郭英俊; 张红亮; 高翠微; 刘春格

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨动机性访谈式健康教育对糖尿病患者自我效能的影响。方法选取2013年1—6月120例2型糖尿病患者作为研究对象,按照随机数字表法随机分为研究组和对照组,每组各60例。对照组由糖尿病专科护士给予传统健康教育与电话随访,研究组在此基础上实施一对一的动机性访谈式健康教育。应用一般资料问卷和糖尿病管理自我效能量表( DMSES)于干预前、干预后第3个月及第6个月评价动机性访谈式健康教育的效果。结果干预前两组患者DMSES总分比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。干预后第3,6个月后研究组患者DMSES总分分别为(20.13±3.78),(24.93±4.38)分,均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为4.397,11.716;P0. 05). After 3 and 6 months intervention, the total scores of self-efficacy in the experimental group were (20.13 ±3.78) and (24.93 ±4.38), which were significantly higher than those before the intervention (t=4. 397, 11. 716, respectively;P <0. 05). Compared with the scores before the intervention, the scores of the self-efficacy were significantly different after 3 and 6 months intervention (F = 81. 850,P < 0. 05). Conclusions Health education through motivational interviewing can improve the self-efficacy of patients with type 2 diabetes.

  15. Effects of Chinese herb additives on growth performance and blood biochemical index in fattening pigs%中草药添加剂对育肥猪生长性能及血液生化指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志虹; 郭世宁; 孔德胜; 魏光伟

    2011-01-01

    One hundred and twenty pigs(Duroc×Changbai×Dabai crossbreed with about 70 kg in weight) in near birth order and age were assigned into four groups(A:contorl group,B and C:treatment groups added Chinese herb with 1% and 0.5% level,respectively;D:cysteine group).The results showed that the daily body of pigs feed with Chinese herb feed additive(B and C) and cysteine(D) increased by 9.89%(P〈0.05),4.42%(P〉0.05) and 1.26%(P〉0.05) compared with control group(A),respectively.However,feed conversion ratio in groups B,C and D declined 7.07%(P〈0.05),4.49%(P〈0.05) and 3.97%(P〈0.05) compared with control group,respectively.Adding Chinese herb had no harmful effects on liver and kidney function.%将120头胎次、日龄相近,体质量在70kg左右的"杜×长×大"三元杂交猪随机分为4组,空白对照组只饲喂基础饲粮,西药组添加0.02%半胱胺,其他2组分别添加1%和0.5%的中草药添加剂。结果表明:在生长性能方面,2个中药组(B、C组)、半胱胺组(D组)的日增重分别比空白对照组(A组)提高了9.89%(P〈0.05),4.42%(P〉0.05)和1.26%(P〉0.05),料肉比分别比对照组降低了7.07%(P〈0.05),4.49%(P〈0.05)和3.97%(P〈0.05);添加中草药添加剂,对猪只肝肾功能无不良影响。

  16. Prospective evaluation of 2% (w/v alcoholic chlorhexidine gluconate as an antiseptic agent for blood donor arm preparation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sweta Shah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the use of 2% (w/v alcoholic chlorhexidine gluconate (2% AlcCHG in donor arm preparation, to monitor the contamination rate of blood products after the collection and to find incidence of transfusion associated bacteremia. Settings and Design: Optimal skin antisepsis of the phlebotomy site is essential to minimize the risk of contamination. Food and Drug Administration (FDA in India has recommended antisepsis with three-step regimen of spirit-10% povidone iodine-spirit for donor arm antisepsis, but not with chlorhexidine, which is recommended by many other authors. Material and Methods: A total of 795 donors were studied from July 2011 to January 2012. Spirit-10% povidone iodine-spirit was used for 398 donors and 2% AlcCHG was used for 397 donors with the two-step method for arm antisepsis. Swabs were collected before and after use of antiseptic agents for all the donors. All the blood products collected from donors with growth in post-antisepsis swabs were cultured. A total of 123 various blood products were cultured irrespective of the method and result of antisepsis was observed. A total of seven patients had mild transfusion reaction. The transfused blood products, blood and urine specimen of the patients who had transfusion reaction were also cultured. Results: Seven donors out of 398 donors had growth in post-antisepsis swab with spirit-10% povidone iodine-spirit protocol and three donors out of 397 donors had growth in post-antisepsis swab with 2% AlcCHG protocol. All blood products collected from donors who had growth in post-antisepsis swabs when cultured had no growth. There was no contamination of blood products. Conclusions: Two percent (w/v alcoholic chlorhexidine gluconate with two-step protocol can be used as an antiseptic agent for donor arm preparation without considerable cost difference. It is at par with spirit 10% povidone iodine spirit protocol as suggested by FDA in India

  17. Risk factors for interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms: a Chinese multi-center study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Gui-zhong; DAI Yi; ZHANG Ning; DU Peng; YANG Yong; WU Shi-liang; XIAO Yun-xiang; JIN Rui; LIU Lei; SHEN Hong

    2010-01-01

    Background Despite 100 years of research, the continued absence of well-established risk factors impedes the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS). We aimed to identify risk factors in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) without urinary tract infection or benign prostate hyperplasia in China.Methods A total of 397 outpatients with LUTS presenting for care to urology clinics in several hospitals throughout China were surveyed using a standardized questionnaire and validated outcome measures. The definitions for painful bladder syndrome based on the O‘Leary-Sant interstitial cystitis symptom and problem indices were used. The prevalence of possible risk factors was analyzed using the Fisher's exact test and Pearson chi-square test, and multivariate predictive models were developed using binary Logistic regression methods.Results Of those multi-centre patients surveyed, including 174 women and 223 men, 41% (162/397) met criteria for painful bladder syndrome. There was a significant difference between women and men (55% (95/174) vs. 30% (67/223),P <0.001). Women with IC/PBS were more likely than those without IC/PBS to report a history of gynecological infections (odds ratio (OR): 2.85; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.32-6.16, P=0.007), intake of stimulatory foods (OR: 3.52; 95% CI:1.50-8.30; P=0.004), irritable bowel (OR: 3.46; 95% CI: 1.22-9.80; P=0.014) and/or anorectal disease (OR: 2.68; 95% CI:1.12-6.40, P=0.023). After adjusting for confounding factors, bladder pain was significantly associated with stimulatory foods (OR: 3.85; 95% CI: 1.58-9.36, P=0.003) and anorectal disease (OR: 2.76; 95% CI: 1.09-7.04, P=0.03) in women.Caffeine beverage intake (OR: 3.54; 95% CI: 1.54-8.12, P=0.003) was identified the only modifiable association noted in multivariate analysis of men.Conclusions We found that stimutatory foods, anorectal disease and caffeine beverages are potential risk factors for IC/PBS. Further

  18. [In Process Citation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Ramírez, Carmen A; Larrosa-Haro, Alfredo; M Vásquez Garibay, Edgar; Rodríguez-Anguiano, Ana K; Cámara-López, María E

    2016-02-16

    Introducción: la ingestión de cáusticos (IC) en niños y adolescentes puede ocasionar esofagitis erosiva, estenosis esofágica y disfagia, entidades que pueden alterar el proceso de alimentación y originar desnutrición y retraso en el crecimiento.Objetivos: evaluar el estado nutricio de niños con IC y su asociación con disfagia y estenosis esofágica.Métodos: estudio transversal analítico en el que se incluyó a 62 niños atendidos en un hospital pediátrico de referencia que sufrieron IC. Lasvariables independientes fueron la presencia/ausencia de disfagia y/o estenosis esofágica; las dependientes fueron el crecimiento y el estado nutricio evaluados mediante antropometría. Análisis estadístico: c2, OR, IC 95%, kappa y t de Student.Resultados: la edad promedio fue 39,7 meses, el 39,7% eran niñas. Cuarenta y dos (77,8%) presentaron esofagitis erosiva (II-b, III-a, and III-b) en la endoscopia. En 24 (38,7%) ocurrió disfagia y en 40 (64,5%) estenosis esofágica. El puntaje z de la talla para la edad fue +1 DE. El puntaje z de los indicadores del brazo relacionados a reservas grasa y masa muscular tanto en el grupo de estenosis como de disfagia se localizó en el lado negativo de la curva y ambos fueron significativamente menores a los del grupo sin disfagia o estenosis.Conclusiones: la proporción de esofagitis erosiva, estenosis o disfagia fue elevada. En los niños con disfagia o estenosis esofágica se identificaron reservas de grasa y masa muscular menores a las de los niños sin estas complicaciones.

  19. Bioequivalence of Sodium Ferulate Capsules and Tablets in healthy volunteers%阿魏酸钠胶囊与片剂在健康人体的生物等效性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨婷; 余斌; 宋欣; 刘丽萍

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To study the pharmacokinetic characteristics of Sodium Ferulate Capsules and Tablets in healthy volunteers and to evaluate the bioequivalence of them. Methods: In a randomized, crossover and self-control study, 20 healthy volunteers were orally administrated Sodium Ferulate Capsules and Tablets (100 mg respectively). The plasma concentrations were determined by the HPLC-LJV. Pharmacokinetic parmeters were calculated and the bioequivalences were evaluated by DAS2.1 software. Results: The main pharmacokinetic parameters of Sodium Ferulate were as follows: Cmax (1.021±0.286)μg/ml and (1.066±0.397)μg/ml, tmax(0.388±0.078) h and (0.371±0.083) h, t1/2(0.887±0.431) h and (0.824± 0.404) h, AUC(0-1) (0.613±0.172) μg-h/ml and (0.614±0.235) μg-h/ml. Conclusion: The test and reference sodium ferulate are bioequivalent.%目的:研究阿魏酸钠胶囊和阿魏酸钠片在健康志愿受试者中的药动学和人体生物等效性.方法:20名健康志愿者随机交叉单次口服受试制剂阿魏酸钠胶囊和参比制剂阿魏酸钠片,均100 mg,采用HPLC-UV检测方法,测定血浆中阿魏酸钠浓度,采用Das2.1程序计算其药动学参数,评价两种制剂的人体生物等效性.结果:受试制剂及参比制剂主要药动学参数分别为:Cmax(1.021±0.286) μg/ml和(1.066±0.397) μg/ml,tmax(0.388±0.078) h和(0.371±0.083) h,t1/2(0.887±0.431) h和(0.824±0.404) h,AUC(0~t)(0.613±0.172) μg·h/ml和(0.614±0.235) μg·h/ml.结论:受试制剂阿魏酸钠胶囊和参比制剂阿魏酸钠片具有生物等效性.

  20. 区域合作与科技成果转化效率——基于“泛珠三角”区域框架的实证分析%Regional Cooperation and Conversion Efficiency of Scientific and Technological Achievements:Empirical Research Based on Pan-Pearl River Delta Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林江; 周少君; 黄亮雄

    2011-01-01

    This paper employs four-stage Bootstrap-DEA model to dynamically measure the conversion efficiency of scientific and technological achievements in Pan-Pearl River Delta region from 2000 to 2009 and reaches the conclusion that the average conversion efficiency is 39.7%.Furthermore,it analyzes the macro policy factors influencing the conversion efficiency of scientific and technological achievements by constructing panel model and finds that the factors such as local financial allocations on science and technology,relevant policies supporting science and technology,RD input and risk investment have positive effects on the conversion efficiency of scientific and technological achievements in Pan-Pearl River Delta region which is restricted by corporate income tax.By constructing the panel DID model,it shows that the Pan-Pearl River Delta regional cooperation framework provides an explanation for the increase of nearly 6% in the conversion efficiency of scientific and technological achievements.%文章运用四阶段Bootstrap-DEA方法,对"泛珠三角"区域2000-2009年的科技成果转化效率进行了动态测算——平均技术效率值为39.7%,并进一步构建了面板模型对影响科技成果转化效率的宏观政策因素进行分析。研究发现,地方政府科技拨款、政府相关鼓励科技政策、R&D投入和风险投资等对"泛珠三角"地区科技成果转化效率具有显著正向效应,而企业所得税则抑制了科技成果转化效率。面板DID模型发现,2004年成立的"泛珠三角"合作框架显著改进了科技成果转化效率约6%。

  1. 基于仿真的可变导行信息有效性%Effectiveness of variable guide information based on simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵海鹏; 沙爱民

    2011-01-01

    为研究出行者在可变导行信息影响下的宏观行为规律,把出行者分为传统型、固定路径型、理性型、用户均衡型、系统最优型以及VMS(可变信息标志)型,基于VISSIM微观仿真器,利用COM接口开发了各类出行者的出行效益评价模型,最后以小型路网为例,针对VMS型用户进行可变导行信息的有效性评价.研究结果发现:基于仿真的模型可以对不同的可变导行信息进行有效性评价;相同交通需求下的有无对比表明,VMS的设置可以有效降低路网主要干道的行程时间,行程时间降低21%;不同交通需求下的有无对比表明,VMS信息可以提高路网的平均速度,路网平均速度提高约3.97%.%In order to study the macroscopic behavior of travelers under the influence of guide information, travelers were divided into six groups according to their behavior characters: Traditional (TR), Pre-Specified paths (PS), Bounded-Rational (BR), User Equilibrium (UE) routes followers and System Optimal (SO) routes followers, and Variable Message Sign (VMS) users.Based on VISSIM simulator, the effectiveness evaluation models of every driver types were developed through COM interface.Finally, in the case of a small network, the effectiveness of dynamic guide information for VMS-drivers was evaluated.As a result, simulation-based model can evaluate various types of guide information.With and without comparison under the same traffic demand indicates that VMS can reduce travel time of main arterials, the travel time is decreased 21%.With and without comparison under various traffic demands indicates that VMS can increase the network speed, the average speed is increased about 3.97%.

  2. A Study on the Effect of Applying the Compound Fertilizer of Organic NPK from the Concretions of Papermaking Black-Liguid on Cotton%造纸黑液固化物有机NPK复合肥 对棉花的效应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周跃龙; 汪怀建; 李琳; 罗运阔; 黄完基

    2001-01-01

    通过对棉花施用造纸黑液固化物有机NPK复合肥的效果研究表明:棉田施用造纸黑液固化物有机NPK复合肥确有较好的肥效,其籽棉和皮棉产量达4749.15kg/hm2和2063.55kg/hm2。相当于施大壮1(仅减产5.78%~3.97%),且较施大壮2增幅达17.43%~18.61%。施用于棉花上的效应主要表现在前期植株生长较旺盛,第一果枝着生节位较低,果枝数、总果节数也有增加。因此,有利于多结伏前桃,棉花早发,其“三桃”比例更为合理,从而实现了棉花中期稳长多结,后期不早衰。造纸黑液固化物有机NPK复合肥对棉花品质无明显影响。%This paper systematically studies the effect of the compound fertilizer of organic NPK from the concretions of papermaking black-liquid on cotton yield and quality. Applying the compound fertilizer can bring about relatively favorable result with the yields of unginned and ginned cotton respectively reaching 4749.15kg/hm2 and 2063.55kg/hm2. So it has almost the same effect as Shidazhuangl (with only 5.78%~3.97% yield loss), and it increases the yield by 17.43%~18.61% compared with Shidazhuang 2. The effect mainly lies in comparatively vigorous early growth of cotton plant, lower attachment position of fruit branch as well as more fruit branches and fruit nodes, which contributes to more bolls before hot summer days, earlier ripening of cotton and more reasonable ratio of “the three kind of boll”. Therefore, the cotton plant maintains steady growth and better fruitage in the middle stage with no premature senescence. Besides, the compound fertilizer has little effect on cotton quality.

  3. Study on Selective Laser Melting Additive Manufacturing Process of INCONEL Ni-based Superalloy%INCONEL系镍基高温合金选区激光熔化增材制造工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 顾冬冬; 沈理达; 田宗军

    2014-01-01

    Influence of the process parameters on densification behavior ,microstructure characteristics,microhardness and wear performance of SLM-processed Inconel 718 alloy samples was studied comprehensively. The result shows that at a lower laser linear energy density (η),the balling effect caused a low densification level. At a higher value of laser energy density with reasonable process parameters,nearly full dense Inconel 718 part was obtained. Besides,as laser energy density increased,microstructures of Inconel 718 parts experienced such changes:coarsened columnar dendrites,clustered dendrites,slender and uniformly distributed columnar dendrites. Samples manufactured at optimized process parameters exhibited high microhardness of 397.8 HV0.2,low mean COF value of 0.40 and low wear rate of 4.78 ×10-4 mm3/Nm. The formation of fine microstructure and the protective tribolayer gave the sample good wear performance.%研究了激光加工工艺参数对选区激光熔化工艺成形的Inconel 718合金试样的致密化行为、显微组织特征、硬度及摩擦磨损性能的影响。结果表明:当激光线能量密度(η)较低时,球化效应的出现使试样的致密度水平较低;在较高的线能量密度与合适的加工参数下,可获得接近完全致密的Inconel 718合金试样。同时,随着激光线能量密度的增加,SLM成形Inconel 718合金试样的显微组织经历了粗大的柱状树枝晶、聚集的枝晶、细长而均匀分布的柱状枝晶等变化过程。在优化工艺参数下,成形试样的显微硬度高达397.8 HV0.2;摩擦系数和磨损率较低,分别为0.40和4.78×10-4 mm3/Nm;且试样内部显微组织均匀细小,摩擦试样的表面形成摩擦保护层,使试样的摩擦磨损性能较好。

  4. Power Integrity Analysis of ARM11 Core Board Based on FEM%基于有限元方法的ARM11核心板电源完整性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈敏; 吴明赞; 李竹

    2014-01-01

    ARM11 core board belongs to high-speed circuit board,and during the design we need to reduce input impedance of PDN ( Power Delivery Network ) to improve power integrity. SSN ( Simultaneous Switching Noise ) produced by 10 transistors and DC/AC Characteristics of PDN before and after adjustment are simulated based on FEM,the simulation results indicate that chip power voltage fluctuation reaches 7. 9% when 10 transistors switch simultaneously;DC voltage of 1. 2 V PDN is increased from 1. 17 V to 1. 18 V,current density of PDN is reduced integrally;Resonance phenomenon of PDN is weakened at the frequency of 397 MHz;So chip power voltage hasn't satisfied the requirements when 10 transistors switch simultaneously,after PDN is adjusted,the input impedance and voltage fluctuation of PDN is reduced finally.%ARM11核心板属于高速电路板,在设计中需要降低电源配送网络( Power Delivery Network)的输入阻抗来提高电源完整性。基于有限元方法对10个晶体管产生的同步开关噪声( Simultaneous Switching Noise)、调整前后PDN的直流/交流特性进行仿真,仿真结果表明:10个晶体管同时开关时芯片电源电压波动达7.9%;1.2 V PDN的直流电压从1.17 V增加到1.18 V,PDN的电流密度整体得到降低;在397 MHz谐振频率处PDN的谐振现象得到减弱;因此当达到10个晶体管同时开关时芯片电源电压已不满足要求,在对PDN调整后最终降低了PDN的输入阻抗和电压波动。

  5. Detection of different Staphylococcus aureus strains in bovine milk from subclinical mastitis using PCR and routine techniques Detecção de diferentes cepas de Staphylococcus aureus de mastite bovina subclínica através da técnica de PCR e técnicas tradicionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olney Vieira-da-Motta

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Contamination of fresh milk with Staphylococcus aureus was assessed comparatively through routine phenotypic (coagulase tube test and coagulase slide test and genotypic (PCR screening of 128 S. aureus strains isolated from 555 milk samples. These samples were collected from 362 cows with subclinical mastitis, hosted in different dairy herds at various locations of the Northern and Northeastern rural areas of the State of Rio de Janeiro, 39.7% of which were CMT-positive. All S. aureus isolates tested positive for the presence of the coagulase gene by PCR and the isolates could be grouped into four distinct classes according to the size of the PCR product. The strains also yielded variable results when assayed with coagulase test. Taken together, these data indicate the existence of extensive polymorphism at the coagulase gene locus in the genus Staphylococcus and exemplifies the extent of molecular and phenotypic heterogeneity associated with the strains circulating in rural herds.Quinhentas e cinqüenta e cinco amostras de leite, provenientes de 362 vacas com mastite subclínica em diferentes propriedades rurais do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, de 1995 a 1997, foram submetidas ao teste "Califórnia Mastitis Test" (CMT. 39,7% das amostras foram positivas, das quais foram isoladas 128 cepas de Staphylococcus aureus. Todas as cepas isoladas foram positivas para o gene da coagulase utilizando a técnica de PCR, todavia, resultados de coagulase através das técnicas em tubo e "coagulase slide test" foram variáveis. Após a amplificação do gen de coagulase através da técnica de PCR utilizando iniciadores específicos para o referido gen, fragmentos com diferentes pesos moleculares foram vistos através de análise em gel de agarose, sugerindo a ocorrência de polimorfismo genético. O estudo também sugere a ocorrência de diferentes cepas da bactéria atuando nos rebanhos leiteiros causando mastite bovina.

  6. Related Research on Students' Marriage View and Family Education%大学生婚恋观与家庭教养方式的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟云辉; 刘文英

    2014-01-01

    In this study of 397 Ganzhou college students as subjects, the use of Marriage Views of college students and fam-ilies rearing questionnaire rating scale, the survey college students love and marriage, family status quo and the relationship between the two rearing results showed that:(1) love motive, marriage since the subjective values of marriage, marriage orientation, marital roles concept of gender difference was significant;(2) different categories of students in marriage orien-tation, marital loyalty concept of significant differences exist on the factor, especially in the Arts and other subjects differen-ces between classes;(3) family rearing gender differences significant urban-rural differences, begotten non-exclusive raw sig-nificant difference;(4) Students Marriage Concept with parental warmth was a significant positive correlation with parental punishment, parental rejection and denial, father overprotection was significantly negatively correlated.%本研究以赣州高校的397名大学生为被试,采用大学生婚恋观调查问卷和家庭教养方式评价量表,调查大学生的婚恋观、家庭教养方式现状及二者的关系,结果表明:(1)在恋爱动机、婚姻自主观、婚姻价值观、婚姻倾向、婚姻角色观上性别差异显著;(2)不同科类的大学生在婚姻倾向、婚姻忠诚观因子上存在显著差异,尤其表现在艺术科与其他科类之间的差异;(3)家庭教养方式性别差异显著,城乡差异、独生非独生差异显著;(4)大学生婚恋观与父母情感温暖呈显著正相关,与父母惩罚严厉、父母拒绝否认、父亲过度保护呈显著负相关。

  7. 农机购置补贴政策下种稻大户购机决策影响因素分析%Analysis of Influential Factors for Big Grain Households' Purchase of Agricultural Machinery:Under the Subsidy Policy for Purchasing Agricultural Machinery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜玄洲; 孙水鹅; 欧一智

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural machinery is an essential material condition for high and stable yield in agricultural production.The importance of promoting development of agricultural mechanization has been mentioned for sever-al times in the Central Committee's Document No.1 in recent years.Starting with theory of demand,this paper is designated to analyze the influential element on big grain households' purchasing machinery from both macro and micro perspectives in order to find out both macro and micro factors influencing their decision-making. So as to further verify the influential factors on big grain households' purchasing behavior,the paper then investigates 397 big grain households'sample data in Jiangxi Province by means of logistic regression models in SPSS19.0.Empir-ical study shows that planting scale,policy cognition,financing capacity,and household type have a significant influence on big grain households' purchasing agricultural machinery. And this provides a helpful instruction on how subsidy policy for purchasing machinery can be better implemented in Jiangxi Province.%农业机械是农业生产获得高产、稳产的必要物质条件,近年来中央一号文件多次提出要提高农业机械化水平. 本文从需求理论出发,从宏观和微观两方面分析江西省种稻大户购置农机的影响,从而提炼出影响种稻大户购机决策的宏观因素和微观因素,为证实在农机购置补贴政策下种稻大户购机决策的影响因素,本文利用江西省实地调查的397个种稻大户样本数据,运用SPSS19.0软件对样本进行logistic模型回归. 实证结果表明年龄、教育程度、农户类型、种植规模、政策认知、农业收入、融资能力等对于大户购置农机决策存在显著影响,进而为农机购置补贴政策更好的在江西省实施提出相应的启示.

  8. Avaliação dos níveis de metais pesados em efluente líquido percolado do aterro sanitário de Paranavaí, Estado do Paraná, Brasil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v31i1.1154 Assessment of heavy metal levels in percolated liquid from sanitary landfill in Paranavaí, Paraná State, Brazil - DOI: 10.4025/actascihealthsci.v31i1.1154

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Algayer da Silva

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available O percolado pode conter diversas substâncias químicas com características tóxicas, dentre elas os metais pesados oriundos de vários materiais provenientes de indústrias, atividades agrícolas, laboratórios, hospitais, residências. A contaminação por metais apresenta amplo espectro de toxicidade que inclui efeitos neurotóxicos, hepatóxicos, nefrotóxicos, teratogênicos, carcinogênicos ou mutagênicos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi a avaliação dos níveis de Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb e Zn do percolado gerado no aterro sanitário de Paranavaí - PR. As amostras foram coletadas a partir de setembro de 2006 a julho de 2007, em quatro pontos distintos nas lagoas de tratamento. Para detecção dos metais utilizou-se o espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica com chama. Os resultados foram comparados com os limites máximos de concentração de metais em efluentes líquidos estabelecidos pela Resolução 397/2008 - Conama (BRASIL, 2008. Verificou-se que os níveis dos metais analisados, com exceção do Pb, estão dentro dos limites permissíveis pela legislação ambiental.Percolated liquid may contain several chemical substances with toxic characteristics, among them heavy metals from industrial sources, agricultural activities, laboratories, hospitals and residences. Metal contamination presents a wide array of toxicities, such as neurotoxic, hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, teratogenic, carcinogenic or mutagenic effects. The objective of this work was to assess the levels of Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in percolated liquid produced at the sanitary landfill in Paranavaí. The samples were collected from September of 2006 to July of 2007, at four distinct places of the treatment lake. An atomic absorption spectrophotometer with a burner was used to detect the metals. The results were compared with the maximum allowed values for metal concentration present in Resolution 397/2008 – Conama (BRAZIL, 2008. It was verified that the level of

  9. Avaliação dos níveis de metais pesados em efluente líquido percolado do aterro sanitário de Paranavaí, Estado do Paraná, Brasil = Assessment of heavy metal levels in percolated liquid from sanitary landfill in Paranavaí, Paraná State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucila Akiko Nagashima

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O percolado pode conter diversas substâncias químicas com características tóxicas, dentre elas os metais pesados oriundos de vários materiais provenientes de indústrias, atividades agrícolas, laboratórios, hospitais, residências. A contaminação pormetais apresenta amplo espectro de toxicidade que inclui efeitos neurotóxicos, hepatóxicos, nefrotóxicos, teratogênicos, carcinogênicos ou mutagênicos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi aavaliação dos níveis de Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb e Zn do percolado gerado no aterro sanitário de Paranavaí - PR. As amostras foram coletadas a partir de setembro de 2006 a julho de 2007, em quatro pontos distintos nas lagoas de tratamento. Para detecção dosmetais utilizou-se o espectrofotômetro de absorção atômica com chama. Os resultados foram comparados com os limites máximos de concentração de metais em efluentes líquidos estabelecidos pela Resolução 397/2008 - Conama (BRASIL, 2008. Verificou-se que os níveis dos metais analisados, com exceção do Pb, estão dentro dos limites permissíveispela legislação ambiental.Percolated liquid may contain several chemical substances with toxic characteristics, among them heavy metals from industrial sources, agricultural activities, laboratories, hospitals and residences. Metal contamination presents a wide array of toxicities, such as neurotoxic, hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, teratogenic, carcinogenic or mutagenic effects. The objective of this work was to assess the levels of Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, and Zn in percolated liquid produced at the sanitary landfill in Paranavaí. The samples were collected from September of 2006 to July of 2007, at fourdistinct places of the treatment lake. An atomic absorption spectrophotometer with a burner was used to detect the metals. The results were compared with the maximum allowed values for metal concentration present in Resolution 397/2008 – Conama (BRAZIL, 2008.It was verified that the level of analyzed

  10. The clinical significance of procalcitonin in patients with bacterial bloodstream infection%降钙素原在细菌性血流感染患者中的临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冷凌涵; 王平; 张丽涓

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical significance of serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels in distinguishing growth of Gram-positive and gram negative bacteria in blood culture.Methods icU patients with positive blood culture were divided into Gram-negative bacteria group and Gram-positive bacteria group, with 25 cases in each group. the serum procalcitonin in two groups were detected by quantitative determination, results of which were compared in statistics. Results the Pct level in blood culture results of growth of Gram-negative bacteria patients was (60.556 ± 38.816) ng / ml, which was significantly higher than (15.397 ± 15.657) ng / ml in Gram-positive bacteria group. The difference was statistically significant (P <0.05 ). Conclusion The procalcitonin level in patients with bloodstream Gram-negative bacteria infections was significantly higher than that in patients with bloodstream Gram-positive bacteria infections. determination of Pct was in favor of judging early bacterial infection category and guiding the early antibacterial agent selection.%目的:探讨患者血清降钙素原(Pct)水平对区别血培养生长革兰阳性菌及阴性菌的临床意义。方法对 icU 患者血培养阳性者分为革兰阴性菌组及革兰阳性菌组,每组患者各25例,对两组患者血清降钙素原进行定量测定,并对定量测定结果进行统计学比较。结果血培养生长革兰阴性菌患者 Pct 定量为(60.556±38.816)ng/ml,显著高于革兰阳性菌组 Pct(15.397±15.657)ng/ml,差异有统计学意义(P <0.05)。结论革兰阴性菌血流感染患者的降钙素原水平明显高于革兰阳性菌血流感染患者,Pct 测定有利于早期判断细菌感染的类别,指导早期抗菌药物选择。

  11. 乙氧基血根碱与人血清白蛋白的相互作用%Study on the Interaction of Human Serum Albumin with Ethoxysanguinarine by Fluorescence Spectrophotometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟明; 钱多; 彭敏

    2013-01-01

    The interaction of human serum albumin (HSA) with ethoxysaguinarine was studied with fluorescence spectrophotometry. The binding constants and binding sites at different temperatures for the interaction of HSA with ethoxysaguinarine were obtained by fluorescent spectrometry. The binding constants for the experiment at different temperatures were 1.081×105L⋅mol-1(290K), 7.784×104L⋅mol-1(300K) and 2.397×105L⋅mol-1(310K). The binding-sites were 1.013(290K), 0.979(300K) and 1.071(310K). The intermolecular forces between them were hydrogen bond and Van der Waals force. The experimental results showed that the fluorescence quenching of HSA with ethoxysaguinarine was due to the formation of ethoxysaguinarine-BSA complex. The quenching mechanism was mainly attributed to static quenching.%研究了血根碱与人血清白蛋白(HSA)之间的结合特征.采用荧光光谱法,计算在不同温度下乙氧基血根碱与HSA相互作用的结合常数与结合位点数.实验结果显示,在290K,300K,310K时乙氧基血根碱与人血清白蛋白的结合常数分别为1.081×105L⋅mol-1,7.784×104L⋅mol-1,2.397×105L⋅mol-1.结合位点数分别为1.013,0.979,1.071.二者之间的主要作用力为氢键和范德华力.这表明血根碱与人血清白蛋白之间作用生成了无荧光效应的复合物,属静态猝灭.

  12. 茶树花苹果酒的发酵工艺研究%Study on the fermentation technology of tea-flower cider

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鄯颖霞; 陈启文; 白蕊; 王玺; 宛晓春; 蒋军; 李大祥

    2013-01-01

    将茶树花加入苹果汁中进行发酵,研究茶树花苹果酒发酵工艺.在单因素实验的基础上,应用响应面分析法对茶树花苹果酒的发酵条件进行了优化,并确定最佳的发酵条件.结果表明,茶树花的添加量为苹果汁的1.0%(w/v)、酵母接种量12.5%(v/v)、初始糖度200g/L、果胶酶0.08g/L、温度27.0℃时,所制茶树花苹果酒色泽金黄,澄清透明无沉淀,具有浓郁的茶花香、酒香和果香,口感柔和,酒体醇和协调;各理化指标为:酒精度10.7%,可溶性固形物5.0%,还原糖2.32g/L,pH3.66,杂醇油397.89mg/L;是一种既风味独特又健康养生的低度果酒.%Tea-flower had been applied to ferment with apple juice to produce a novel cider-tea-flower cider.Based on the single factor experiment,a response surface method was further to optimize the fermentation condition.The results showed that when additive amount of the tea-flower amount to apple juice at 1.0% (w/v),inoculum volume of yeast 12.5% (v/v),initial sugar content 200g/L,pectinase 0.08g/L and fermentation temperature at 27.0℃,the finished product was a golden,clear and transparent color without precipitation.It also had a rich tea floral and fruity bouquet and a soft and mellow body.Indicators of original tea-flower cider made from this way were alcohol content at 10.7%,solid content at 5.00%,reducing sugar at 2.32g/L,pH at 3.66,fusel oil at 397.89mg/L.It's a healthy low alcohol cider with a unique flavor.

  13. Rewriting and suppressing UMLS terms for improved biomedical term identification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hettne Kristina M

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Identification of terms is essential for biomedical text mining.. We concentrate here on the use of vocabularies for term identification, specifically the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS. To make the UMLS more suitable for biomedical text mining we implemented and evaluated nine term rewrite and eight term suppression rules. The rules rely on UMLS properties that have been identified in previous work by others, together with an additional set of new properties discovered by our group during our work with the UMLS. Our work complements the earlier work in that we measure the impact on the number of terms identified by the different rules on a MEDLINE corpus. The number of uniquely identified terms and their frequency in MEDLINE were computed before and after applying the rules. The 50 most frequently found terms together with a sample of 100 randomly selected terms were evaluated for every rule. Results Five of the nine rewrite rules were found to generate additional synonyms and spelling variants that correctly corresponded to the meaning of the original terms and seven out of the eight suppression rules were found to suppress only undesired terms. Using the five rewrite rules that passed our evaluation, we were able to identify 1,117,772 new occurrences of 14,784 rewritten terms in MEDLINE. Without the rewriting, we recognized 651,268 terms belonging to 397,414 concepts; with rewriting, we recognized 666,053 terms belonging to 410,823 concepts, which is an increase of 2.8% in the number of terms and an increase of 3.4% in the number of concepts recognized. Using the seven suppression rules, a total of 257,118 undesired terms were suppressed in the UMLS, notably decreasing its size. 7,397 terms were suppressed in the corpus. Conclusions We recommend applying the five rewrite rules and seven suppression rules that passed our evaluation when the UMLS is to be used for biomedical term identification in MEDLINE. A software

  14. Clinical significance of plasma neopterin detection in patients with HIV infection%HIV感染者血浆新喋呤检测的临床意义探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢业成; 陈星; 姚细安; 肖艳华; 陈万山

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨HIV感染者血浆新喋呤(Npt)水平的变化规律及其与CD4+T淋巴细胞计数、HIV病毒载量的相关性.方法 采用ELISA法定量检测129例HIV感染者和39例健康成人的血浆Npt水平,同时检测其CD4+ T淋巴细胞数和HIV病毒载量,并对结果进行统计分析.结果 HIV感染者血浆Npt水平(24.10 ± 26.03 nmol/L)显著高于对照组(5.20 ± 0.57 nmol/L);随着病情进展呈逐渐上升趋势,与CD4+ T淋巴细胞计数呈负相关(r = -0.397,P< 0.05),与HIV病毒载量呈显著正相关(r = 0.613,P< 0.001).结论 血浆Npt可作为HIV感染者病情进展的参考指标,其与CD4+T淋巴细胞计数呈负相关,与HIV病毒载量呈显著正相关.%Objective To study the correlation among the variation of plasma neopterin( Npt ) levels of patients with HIV infection and CD4 + T lymphocyte cell counts, HIV viral load. Methods The plasma neopterin levels of 129 patients with HIV infection and 39 healthy adults were quantitatively detected by ELISA. The CD4 + T lymphocyte cell number and HIV viral load were detected and statistical analysis of the results were carried out. Results The plasma Npt levels of patients with HIV infection ( 24. 10 ± 26. 03 nmol/L ) were significantly higher than that of the controls ( 5. 20 ± 0. 57 nmol/L ). It showed a gradual upward trend in disease progression and negative correlation to CD4 + T lymphocyte counts ( r = - 0. 397, P < 0.05 ) and significant correlation to HIV viral load ( r = 0. 613 , P < 0. 001 ). Conclusions Plasma neopterin can be used as the reference index for disease progression of patients with HIV infection, which negatively correlated to CD4 + T lymphocyte counts and significantly correlated to HIV viral load.

  15. PRELIMINARY STUDY ON FISHERIES BIOLOGY OF DOSIDICUS GIGAS IN THE WATERS NEAR THE EQUATOR OF EASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN%东太平洋赤道附近海域茎柔鱼(Dosidicus gigas)渔业生物学的初步研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈新军; 李建华; 易倩; 刘必林; 杨铭霞; 陆化杰

    2012-01-01

    Based on the samples of 1178 squids in total from Chinese squid jigging vessels near the equator of the eastern Pacific in 2011, the biological characteristics of Dosidicus gigas were studied. The results showed that the range of mantle length was from 201 to 421mm and the average attained 290mm, the dominant mantle length ranged from 260 to 320mm. Body weight was from 200g to 2650g and the average attained 1000g, the dominant body weight ranged from 600 to 1000g. The equation of the relationship between mantle length and body weight was fitted by power exponent. The sexual ratio of female to male was 2.59 : 1. The sexual maturity stage dominated I and II. The length and weight of nidamental gland of D. gigas increased with the growth of gland maturity. And the mantle length of first maturity of females was 397.2mm. The feeding stage dominated 0-1. It can be found that D. gigas near the equator is obvious different from that in the Gulf of California and waters off Chile, Peru and Costa Rica. We can conclude that the population of D. gigas near the equator of the eastern Pacific belongs to small group.%根据2011年东太平洋赤道附近海域探捕期间采集的1178尾茎柔鱼样本,进行了茎柔鱼的生物学特性研究。结果表明:茎柔鱼胴长范围为201-421mm,平均胴长为290mm,优势胴长为260—320mm;体重范围为200-2650g,平均体重为1000g,优势体重为600-1000g;胴长与体重关系呈幂指数关系;雌、雄性比为2.59:1;性腺成熟度以I、Ⅱ期为主;缠卵腺长和缠卵腺重随着性腺的成熟而逐步增大;雌性初次性成熟胴长为397.2mm;摄食等级以0—1级为主;与其它海域相比,该海域茎柔鱼个体差异明显,主要为小型群体。

  16. Assessing energy efficiencies and greenhouse gas emissions under bioethanol-oriented paddy rice production in northern Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koga, Nobuhisa; Tajima, Ryosuke

    2011-03-01

    To establish energetically and environmentally viable paddy rice-based bioethanol production systems in northern Japan, it is important to implement appropriately selected agronomic practice options during the rice cultivation step. In this context, effects of rice variety (conventional vs. high-yielding) and rice straw management (return to vs. removal from the paddy field) on energy inputs from fuels and consumption of materials, greenhouse gas emissions (fuel and material consumption-derived CO(2) emissions as well as paddy soil CH(4) and N(2)O emissions) and ethanol yields were assessed. The estimated ethanol yield from the high-yielding rice variety, "Kita-aoba" was 2.94 kL ha(-1), a 32% increase from the conventional rice variety, "Kirara 397". Under conventional rice production in northern Japan (conventional rice variety and straw returned to the paddy), raising seedlings, mechanical field operations, transportation of harvested unhulled brown rice and consumption of materials (seeds, fertilizers, biocides and agricultural machinery) amounted to 28.5 GJ ha(-1) in energy inputs. The total energy input was increased by 14% by using the high-yielding variety and straw removal, owing to increased requirements for fuels in harvesting and transporting harvested rice as well as in collecting, loading and transporting rice straw. In terms of energy efficiency, the variation among rice variety and straw management scenarios regarding rice varieties and rice straw management was small (28.5-32.6 GJ ha(-1) or 10.1-14.0 MJ L(-1)). Meanwhile, CO(2)-equivalent greenhouse gas emissions varied considerably from scenario to scenario, as straw management had significant impacts on CH(4) emissions from paddy soils. When rice straw was incorporated into the soil, total CO(2)-equivalent greenhouse gas emissions for "Kirara 397" and "Kita-aoba" were 25.5 and 28.2 Mg CO(2) ha(-1), respectively; however, these emissions were reduced notably for the two varieties when rice straw

  17. MG63 osteoblast-like cells exhibit different behavior when grown on electrospun collagen matrix versus electrospun gelatin matrix.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiao-Wen Tsai

    Full Text Available Electrospinning is a simple and efficient method of fabricating a non-woven polymeric nanofiber matrix. However, using fluorinated alcohols as a solvent for the electrospinning of proteins often results in protein denaturation. TEM and circular dichroism analysis indicated a massive loss of triple-helical collagen from an electrospun collagen (EC matrix, and the random coils were similar to those found in gelatin. Nevertheless, from mechanical testing we found the Young's modulus and ultimate tensile stresses of EC matrices were significantly higher than electrospun gelatin (EG matrices because matrix stiffness can affect many cell behaviors such as cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. We hypothesize that the difference of matrix stiffness between EC and EG will affect intracellular signaling through the mechano-transducers Rho kinase (ROCK and focal adhesion kinase (FAK and subsequently regulates the osteogenic phenotype of MG63 osteoblast-like cells. From the results, we found there was no significant difference between the EC and EG matrices with respect to either cell attachment or proliferation rate. However, the gene expression levels of OPN, type I collagen, ALP, and OCN were significantly higher in MG63 osteoblast-like cells grown on the EC than in those grown on the EG. In addition, the phosphorylation levels of Y397-FAK, ERK1/2, BSP, and OPN proteins, as well as ALP activity, were also higher on the EC than on the EG. We further inhibited ROCK activation with Y27632 during differentiation to investigate its effects on matrix-mediated osteogenic differentiation. Results showed the extent of mineralization was decreased with inhibition after induction. Moreover, there is no significant difference between EC and EG. From the results of the protein levels of phosphorylated Y397-FAK, ERK1/2, BSP and OPN, ALP activity and mineral deposition, we speculate that the mechanism that influences the osteogenic differentiation of MG63

  18. Mini-Mental State Examination norms in a community-dwelling sample of elderly with low schooling in Brazil Normas do Mini-Exame do Estado Mental para uma amostra de idosos com baixa escolaridade residentes na comunidade no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerson Laks

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess Mini-Mental State Examination norms of a functionally normal sample of community-dwelling elderly. Illiterate and low-educated subjects who scored less than 5 on the Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire (PFAQ [n = 397; female = 269; mean age = 72.15 (SD = 7.24 years] had the 5th, 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles calculated according to age (65-74; 75-84 years. Overall MMSE score was 21.97 (SD = 4.48. Mean MMSE for illiterate younger individuals was 19.46 (SD = 3.47, and the quartile distribution was 14, 17, 19, and 21. MMSE of subjects with 1-8 years of schooling was 23.90 (3.87, and the distribution was 15, 22, 24, and 27. MMSE of older illiterate subjects was 18.11 (SD = 3.63, and the distribution of scores was 13, 16, 18, and 20, whereas subjects with 1-8 years of schooling scored 23.81 (SD = 4.01 and the distribution was 15, 22, 24, and 27. These MMSE normative data may help improve the detection of cognitive impairment in Brazil, mainly in the primary clinical setting.Avaliar normas do Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM de acordo com a idade e escolaridade de idosos vivendo na comunidade. Calcularam-se os quartis do MEEM para idosos com 65 a 74 e 75 a 84 anos, analfabetos e com 1-8 anos de escolaridade, com pontuação menor que cinco no Questionário de Atividades Funcional de Pfeffer (QAF [n = 397; feminino = 269; idade = 72,15 (dp = 7,24 anos].O MEEM total foi 21,97 (dp = 4,48. Nos indivíduos mais jovens, o MEEM entre analfabetos foi 19 (3,47 com quartis de 14, 17, 19, 21. O MEEM dos com 1-8 anos de escolaridade foi 23,90 (dp = 3,87, e a distribuição foi 15, 22, 24, 27. O MEEM dos analfabetos mais idosos foi 18,11 (dp = 3,63 com quartis de 13, 16, 18, 20, enquanto a pontuação dos sujeitos com 1-8 anos foi 23,81 (dp = 4,01, quartis de 15, 22, 24, 27. Os dados de normatização do MEEM podem ajudar o reconhecimento de distúrbios cognitivos no Brasil, principalmente no atendimento primário.

  19. Nursing experience on comprehensive management in treatment for Ⅲ stage bedsore%Ⅲ期压疮的综合管理及护理体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许瑞香; 梁梅恨; 谢书芬

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the efficacy and nursing experience of comprehensive management for Ⅲ stage bedsore treatment.Methods We retrospectively reviewed the elderly patients admitted into Ⅲ stage bedsore in the department of respiratory at our hospital from January 2005 to December 2011,according to admission time the patients were divided into 2 groups:18 patients in control group with partial oxygen therapy or simply dressing,such as a single method of treatment Ⅲ stage bedsore; 19 cases in observation group used comprehensive management for pressure sores.The cure rate and healing time in two groups were summarized,compared and analyzed.Results Cure rate of the observation group was 84.2%,significantly higher than that of the control group (44.4%),the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Also in the observation group,the average healing time of (39.7 ± 2.33) days was significantly shorter than (49.7 ± 1.71) days of the control group,showing statistically significant difference (P<0.01).Conclusion Comprehensive management is more effective than traditional method in treatment of Ⅲ stage bedsore.%目的 探讨综合管理对Ⅲ期压疮的疗效及护理体会.方法 回顾性总结2005年1月至2011年12月在我院呼吸科收住的有带入Ⅲ期压疮的老年患者,按入院时间将患者分为2组:对照组18例采用局部氧疗或单纯换药等单一的方法治疗Ⅲ期压疮;观察组19例采用综合管理Ⅲ期压疮.总结对比两组患者的治愈率、治愈时间,并进行分析.结果 观察组治愈率84.2%,明显高于对照组44.4%,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).观察组平均治愈时间(39.7±2.33)天明显少于对照组(49.7±1.71)天,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 综合管理对Ⅲ期压疮疗效优于传统方法.

  20. Limiting of the spot size of intense relativistic electronic beams in a solenoidal field%螺线管场下强流相对论电子束焦斑尺寸的限制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石金水; 林郁正; 丁伯南

    2001-01-01

    分析了螺线管场下影响强流相对论电子束聚焦的主要因素,并给出了各影响因素所限制的最小焦斑。计算结果表明,当发射度和能散度的值分别控制在0.397mm*rad和1%以内, 单个螺线管磁轴的偏心不大于0.54mrad;初始注入束偏心不大于1mrad时,对于20MeV、3kA的电子束和15MeV、2.5kA的电子束,最终打靶束焦斑均可小于1.5mm。%High-resolution X-ray photographing needs to focus intense relativistic electron beams of several thousand amperes on the bremsstrahlung converter target, thereon forming a small and stable spot. In the ideal case, electron beams cn be focused to a point. However, due to the influence of such factrs as the space charge effect, the beam emittance, the spherical aberration of the lens, and the chromatic aberration, the minimization of the spot size of electron beams is limited. Furthermore, the corkscrew oscillation of the beam centroid not only leads to the increase of the spot size but also to the distortion of the spot shape.The effects of solenoidal field on the spot size of intense relativistic electronic beams are analyzed and the minimal spot sizes limited by various factors are given. The results of the numerical calculation show that if the emittance ≤0.397mm*rad and the energy sweep ≤1%,the ultimate minimal spot size for 20MeV, 3kA and 15MeV, 3kA intense beams is less than 1.5mm when the tilt of each solenoid ≤1mrad and the injection tilt of beams ≤1mrad.