WorldWideScience

Sample records for allergy total hip

  1. The association between metal allergy, total hip arthroplasty, and revision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan; Jakobsen, Stig Storgaard; Engkilde, Kåre

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has been speculated that the prevalence of metal allergy may be higher in patients with implant failure. We compared the prevalence and cause of revisions following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in dermatitis patients suspected to have contact allergy and in patients in ...

  2. Metal release and metal allergy after total hip replacement with resurfacing versus conventional hybrid prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, Klas; Jakobsen, Stig S; Lorenzen, Nina D; Thyssen, Jacob P; Johansen, Jeanne D; Bonefeld, Charlotte M; Stilling, Maiken; Baad-Hansen, Thomas; Søballe, Kjeld

    2014-01-01

    Background Metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasties were reintroduced because of the problems with osteolysis and aseptic loosening related to polyethylene wear of early metal-on-polyethylene (MOP) arthroplasties. The volumetric wear rate has been greatly reduced with MOM arthroplasties; however, because of nano-size wear particles, the absolute number has been greatly increased. Thus, a source of metal ion exposure with the potential to sensitize patients is present. We hypothesized that higher amounts of wear particles result in increased release of metal ions and ultimately lead to an increased incidence of metal allergy. Methods 52 hips in 52 patients (median age 60 (51–64) years, 30 women) were randomized to either a MOM hip resurfacing system (ReCap) or a standard MOP total hip arthoplasty (Mallory Head/Exeter). Spot urine samples were collected preoperatively, postoperatively, after 3 months, and after 1, 2, and 5 years and tested with inductively coupled plasma-sector field mass spectrometry. After 5 years, hypersensitivity to metals was evaluated by patch testing and lymphocyte transformation assay. In addition, the patients answered a questionnaire about hypersensitivity. Results A statistically significant 10- to 20-fold increase in urinary levels of cobalt and chromium was observed throughout the entire follow-up in the MOM group. The prevalence of metal allergy was similar between groups. Interpretation While we observed significantly increased levels of metal ions in the urine during the entire follow-up period, no difference in prevalence of metal allergy was observed in the MOM group. However, the effect of long-term metal exposure remains uncertain. PMID:24930546

  3. Metal release and metal allergy after total hip replacement with resurfacing versus conventional hybrid prosthesis 5-year follow-up of 52 patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafson, Klas; Jakobsen, Stig S; Lorenzen, Nina D

    2014-01-01

    to an increased incidence of metal allergy. METHODS: 52 hips in 52 patients (median age 60 (51-64) years, 30 women) were randomized to either a MOM hip resurfacing system (ReCap) or a standard MOP total hip arthoplasty (Mallory Head/Exeter). Spot urine samples were collected preoperatively, postoperatively, after....... RESULTS: A statistically significant 10- to 20-fold increase in urinary levels of cobalt and chromium was observed throughout the entire follow-up in the MOM group. The prevalence of metal allergy was similar between groups. INTERPRETATION: While we observed significantly increased levels of metal ions...

  4. Patient reported allergies are a risk factor for poor outcomes in total hip and knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graves, Christopher M; Otero, Jesse E; Gao, Yubo; Goetz, Devon D; Willenborg, Melissa D; Callaghan, John J

    2014-09-01

    We evaluated 459 patients undergoing THA or TKA who completed preoperative and postoperative WOMAC and/or SF36 surveys. Medical comorbidities and reported allergies were also recorded. Evaluation of surveys was compared for patients with or without 4 or more reported allergies using statistical methods. Patients with 4 or more reported allergies had less improvement on SF36 Physical Component Score (∆PCS=4.2) than those with 0-3 allergies (∆PCS=10.0, P=0.0002). Regression analysis showed that this change was independent of self-reported comorbidities. Patients reporting 4 or more allergies also had less improvement in WOMAC function (∆F=21.4) than those with 0-3 allergies (∆F = 27.2, P=0.036). Similar nonsignificant trends occurred in SF36 mental and WOMAC pain and stiffness scores. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Total hip arthroplasty in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma Becic; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Overgaard, Søren

    2005-01-01

    The annual number of total hip arthroplasties (THA) has increased in Denmark over the past 15 years. There is, however, limited detailed data available on the incidence of THAs.......The annual number of total hip arthroplasties (THA) has increased in Denmark over the past 15 years. There is, however, limited detailed data available on the incidence of THAs....

  6. Conversion total hip arthroplasty: Primary or revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarzkopf, Ran; Baghoolizadeh, Mahta

    2015-11-18

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an increasingly common procedure among elderly individuals. Although conversion THA is currently bundled in a diagnosis related group (DRG) with primary THA, there is a lack of literature supporting this classification and it has yet to be identified whether conversion THA better resembles primary or revision THA. This editorial analyzed the intraoperative and postoperative factors and functional outcomes following conversion THA, primary THA, and revision THA to understand whether the characteristics of conversion THA resemble one procedure or the other, or are possibly somewhere in between. The analysis revealed that conversion THA requires more resources both intraoperatively and postoperatively than primary THA. Furthermore, patients undergoing conversion THA present with poorer functional outcomes in the long run. Patients undergoing conversion THA better resemble revision THA patients than primary THA patients. As such, patients undergoing conversion THA should not be likened to patients undergoing primary THA when determining risk stratification and reimbursement rates. Conversion THA procedures should be planned accordingly with proper anticipation of the greater needs both in the operating room, and for in-patient and follow-up care. We suggest that conversion THA be reclassified in the same DRG with revision THA as opposed to primary THA as a step towards better allocation of healthcare resources for conversion hip arthroplasties.

  7. Jogging after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Hirohito; Sakai, Takashi; Nishii, Takashi; Takao, Masaki; Nakamura, Nobuo; Sugano, Nobuhiko

    2014-01-01

    Jogging has been classified as a high-impact sport, and jogging after total hip arthroplasty (THA) has not been well documented. To investigate the participation rate for postoperative jogging as well as jogging parameters and the influence of jogging on implant stability and bearing wear. Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Included in this study were 804 hips in 608 patients (85 men, 523 women) who underwent THA between 2005 and 2011 with follow-up longer than 1 year. The mean patient age was 62 years (range, 26-98 years), and mean follow-up duration was 4.8 years (range, 2.3-7.8 years). Hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) was performed in 81 patients and conventional THA in 527 patients. During routine postsurgical visits, patients were given a questionnaire concerning preoperative and postoperative jogging routines. For joggers, frequency, distance, duration, and velocity of jogging were recorded. Patients who did not jog postoperatively were asked to provide reasons for not jogging. Radiographs concerning implant migration and polyethylene wear were evaluated with specialized software, and serum cobalt and chromium ion concentrations were investigated for patients with metal-on-metal articulation. A total of 33 patients (5.4%) performed jogging preoperatively, and 23 patients (3.8%) performed jogging postoperatively. Of the 23 who jogged postoperatively, conventional THA was performed in 13 patients and HRA in 10 patients. Postoperatively, joggers trained a mean of 4 times (range, 1-7 times) per week, covering a mean distance of 3.6 km (range, 0.5-15 km) in a mean time of 29 minutes (range, 5-90 minutes) per session and at a mean speed of 7.7 km/h (range, 3-18 km/h). No patient complained of pain or showed serum cobalt and chromium ion elevation greater than 7 ppb. No hip showed loosening, abnormal component migration, or excessive wear at a mean 5-year follow-up. There were 74 postoperative non-joggers with an interest in jogging. The reasons given for

  8. Reverse hybrid total hip arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wangen, Helge; Havelin, Leif I; Fenstad, Anne M; Hallan, Geir; Furnes, Ove; Pedersen, Alma B; Overgaard, Søren; Kärrholm, Johan; Garellick, Göran; Mäkelä, Keijo; Eskelinen, Antti; Nordsletten, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Background and purpose The use of a cemented cup together with an uncemented stem in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has become popular in Norway and Sweden during the last decade. The results of this prosthetic concept, reverse hybrid THA, have been sparsely described. The Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) has already published 2 papers describing results of reverse hybrid THAs in different age groups. Based on data collected over 2 additional years, we wanted to perform in depth analyses of not only the reverse hybrid concept but also of the different cup/stem combinations used. Patients and methods From the NARA, we extracted data on reverse hybrid THAs from January 1, 2000 until December 31, 2013. 38,415 such hips were studied and compared with cemented THAs. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate the prosthesis survival and the relative risk of revision. The main endpoint was revision for any reason. We also performed specific analyses regarding the different reasons for revision and analyses regarding the cup/stem combinations used in more than 500 cases. Results We found a higher rate of revision for reverse hybrids than for cemented THAs, with an adjusted relative risk of revision (RR) of 1.4 (95% CI: 1.3–1.5). At 10 years, the survival rate was 94% (CI: 94–95) for cemented THAs and 92% (95% CI: 92–93) for reverse hybrids. The results for the reverse hybrid THAs were inferior to those for cemented THAs in patients aged 55 years or more (RR =1.1, CI: 1.0–1.3; p revision due to periprosthetic femoral fracture for reverse hybrids than for cemented THAs in patients aged 55 years or more (RR =3.1, CI: 2.2–4.5; p revision than cemented THAs in patients aged 55 or more. The difference in survival was mainly caused by a higher incidence of early revision due to periprosthetic femoral fracture in the reversed hybrid THAs. PMID:28095724

  9. Reverse hybrid total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wangen, Helge; Havelin, Leif I.; Fenstad, Anne M

    2017-01-01

    . Patients and methods - From the NARA, we extracted data on reverse hybrid THAs from January 1, 2000 until December 31, 2013. 38,415 such hips were studied and compared with cemented THAs. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analyses were used to estimate the prosthesis survival and the relative risk...

  10. Total hip arthroplasty: an editiorial comment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, L F

    1977-09-01

    Total hip arthroplasty has become an accepted method of management of severe painful problems of the hip. It has undergone some dramatic changes, the major thrust now being to more nearly match the mechanical characteristics of the implant to the bone and cartilage they replace.

  11. Total hip arthroplasty for giant cell tumour.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulkarni S

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available A 32 month follow up of an uncommon case of a Giant Cell Tumour affecting the proximal end of femur is presented. Following a wide excision, the hip was reconstructed using Charnley type of low friction total hip arthroplasty. At a 32 month review, there was no recurrence and the function was good.

  12. Results of total hip arthroplasty using a bionic hip stem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fokter, Samo K; Sarler, Taras; Strahovnik, Andrej; Repše-Fokter, Alenka

    2015-06-01

    The trabecular-orientated bionic hip stem was designed to mimic the natural force transmission through the femur in total hip arthroplasty, resulting in supposedly longer prosthesis survivability. The aim of this study was to compare the second-generation bionic hip stem to a standard uncemented hip stem. A group of 18 patients (21 hips) who underwent total hip arthroplasty with a bionic stem (bionic group) was compared with a historic group of 12 patients (12 hips) treated with standard anatomic hip stem (control group). During the first year after the procedure, the densitometric measurements of the bone around the prosthesis were taken. Radiographic and clinical assessments were additionally performed preoperatively and at the three month, six month, one year and three year follow-ups in the bionic group. In the bionic group, one patient was revised for aseptic loosening and 16 patients (19 hips) were available to the final follow-up. A significant decrease of bone mineral density was found in Gruen zones 3, 4 and 5 in the bionic group, and in zone 7 in both groups. The bionic group had a significantly higher bone mineral density in Gruen zone 1 at the one year follow-up. At the final follow-up, all prostheses were radiologically stable in both groups. Provided that a good implant position is achieved, comparable short-term results can be obtained using a bionic stem. Still, a decrease of bone mineral density in Gruen zone 7 occurred in both groups. Further studies are required to determine survivability of the bionic stem.

  13. Patient-Reported Allergies Predict Worse Outcomes After Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Results From a Prospective Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otero, Jesse E; Graves, Christopher M; Gao, Yubo; Olson, Tyler S; Dickinson, Christopher C; Chalus, Rhonda J; Vittetoe, David A; Goetz, Devon D; Callaghan, John J

    2016-12-01

    Retrospective analyses have demonstrated correlation between patient-reported allergies and negative outcomes after total joint arthroplasty. We sought to validate these observations in a prospective cohort. One hundred forty-four patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty and 302 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty were prospectively enrolled. Preoperatively, patients listed their allergies and completed the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) Questionnaire. At a mean of 17 months (range 12-25 months) postoperatively, SF-36, CCI, and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were obtained by telephone survey. Regression analysis was used to determine the strength of correlation between patient age, comorbidity burden, and number of allergies and outcome measurements. In 446 patients, 273 reported at least 1 allergy. The number of allergies reported ranged from 0 to 33. Penicillin or its derivative was the most frequently reported allergy followed by sulfa, environmental allergen, and narcotic pain medication. Patients reporting at least 1 allergy had a significantly lower postoperative SF-36 Physical Component Score compared to those reporting no allergies (51.3 vs 49.4, P = .01). The SF-36 postoperative Mental Component Score was no different between groups. Multivariate regression analysis showed that age and patient reported allergies, but not comorbidities, were independently associated with worse postoperative SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS) and WOMAC score. Patients with allergies experienced the same improvement in SF-36 PCS as those without an allergy. Comorbidities did not correlate with patient-reported function postoperatively. Patients who report allergies have lower postoperative outcome scores but may experience the same increment in improvement after total joint arthroplasty. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Diagnosis of infection after total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Itasaka, Toshio; Kawai, Akira; Sato, Toru; Mitani, Shigeru; Inoue, Hajime

    2001-01-01

    Forty-eight total hip arthroplasties for which revision surgery was performed were reviewed to determine the accuracy of laboratory tests, plain radiographs, hip aspiration, and technetium-99m MDP and gallium-67 scans in demonstrating the presence or absence of infection of the prosthesis. Six of the 48 hips were diagnosed as having an infection at the revision surgery. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the patients with infected prostheses. The difference in the white blood cell count was not significant. There was no significant relationship between the presence of infection and the severity of loosening and instability of the implants diagnosed by plain radiographs. The accuracy of hip aspiration in diagnosing the infection was 83%, with a sensitivity of 40% and a specificity of 92%. The accuracy of technetium-99m MDP bone scan was 79%, with a sensitivity of 83%, and a specificity of 79%. Gallium-67 scan had an accuracy of 96%, a sensitivity of 67%, and a specificity of 100%. The findings in the present study indicated that diagnostic tests consisting of laboratory tests and plain radiography, followed by hip aspiration and sequential use of technetium-99m MDP and gallium-67 scintigraphies, are suitable for differentiation between mechanical loosening and infection of total hip arthroplasty. (author)

  15. Diagnosis of infection after total hip arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itasaka, Toshio; Kawai, Akira; Sato, Toru; Mitani, Shigeru; Inoue, Hajime [Okayama Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine

    2001-07-01

    Forty-eight total hip arthroplasties for which revision surgery was performed were reviewed to determine the accuracy of laboratory tests, plain radiographs, hip aspiration, and technetium-99m MDP and gallium-67 scans in demonstrating the presence or absence of infection of the prosthesis. Six of the 48 hips were diagnosed as having an infection at the revision surgery. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and the C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the patients with infected prostheses. The difference in the white blood cell count was not significant. There was no significant relationship between the presence of infection and the severity of loosening and instability of the implants diagnosed by plain radiographs. The accuracy of hip aspiration in diagnosing the infection was 83%, with a sensitivity of 40% and a specificity of 92%. The accuracy of technetium-99m MDP bone scan was 79%, with a sensitivity of 83%, and a specificity of 79%. Gallium-67 scan had an accuracy of 96%, a sensitivity of 67%, and a specificity of 100%. The findings in the present study indicated that diagnostic tests consisting of laboratory tests and plain radiography, followed by hip aspiration and sequential use of technetium-99m MDP and gallium-67 scintigraphies, are suitable for differentiation between mechanical loosening and infection of total hip arthroplasty. (author)

  16. Renal function after elective total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perregaard, Helene; Damholt, Mette B; Solgaard, Søren

    2016-01-01

    and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in an elective population of orthopedic patients undergoing primary total hip replacement, hypothesizing that chronic kidney disease predisposes to AKI. Patients and methods - This was a single-center, population-based, retrospective, registry-based cohort study...... involving all primary elective total hip replacements performed from January 2003 through December 2012. Patient demographics and creatinine values were registered. We evaluated the presence of CKD and AKI according to the international guidelines for kidney disease (KDIGO Acute Kidney Injury Workgroup 2013...... ). Results - 3,416 patients were included (2,064 females (60%)). AKI (according to KDIGO criteria) was seen in 75 patients (2.2%, 95% CI: 1.7-2.7) in the course of primary total hip replacement. Of these, 26 had pre-existing CKD of class 3-5. Pre-existing CKD of class 3-5, indicating moderately to severely...

  17. Total hip arthroplasty for surgical management of advanced tuberculous hip arthritis: Case report

    OpenAIRE

    Tan, Shi Ming; Chin, Pak Lin

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) arthritis of the hip is a debilitating disease that often results in severe cartilage destruction and degeneration of the hip. In advanced cases, arthrodesis of the hip confers benefits to the young, high-demand and active patient. However, many of these patients go on to develop degenerative arthritis of the spine, ipsilateral knee and contralateral hip, necessitating the need for a conversion to total hip arthroplasty. Conversion of a previously fused hip to a total hip ar...

  18. Early death following revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Mark D; Parry, Michael; Whitehouse, Michael R; Blom, Ashley W

    2017-12-04

    The frequency of primary total hip arthroplasty procedures is increasing, with a subsequent rise in revision procedures. This study aims to describe timing and surgical mortality associated with revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to those on the waiting list. All patients from a single institution who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty or were added to the waiting list for the same procedure between 2003 and 2013 were recorded. Mortality rates were calculated at 30 and 90 days following surgery or addition to the waiting list. 561 patients were available for the survivorship analysis in the surgical group. Following exclusion, 901 and 484 patients were available for the 30 and the 90-day analysis in the revision THA waiting list group.30- and 90-day mortality rates were significantly greater for the revision THA group compared to the waiting list group (excess surgical mortality at 30 days = 0.357%, p = 0.037; odds ratio of 5.22, excess surgical mortality at 90 days = 0.863%, p = 0.045). Revision total hip arthroplasty is associated with a significant excess surgical mortality rate until 90 days post-operation when compared to the waiting list population. We would encourage other authors with access to larger samples to use our method to quantify excess mortality after both primary and revision arthroplasty procedures.

  19. Technical pearls in total hip arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulier, M.; Raaijmaakers, M.; van den Bekerom, M.

    2010-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has had a big impact on the quality of life of millions of patients. Primary THA has a very high success rate and implant survival time of more than 30 years have been reported. However, because of the high number of procedures performed, the small percentage of patients

  20. TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENTS AT KIKUYU HOSPITAL, KENYA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Total hip arthroplasty has been done in Kenya for many years (1). There are only a few medical institutions that are in a position to perform this demanding procedure. The main reasons include: lack of adequate equipments, few trained personnel and the high cost of implants. It is mainly in the teaching and referral hospitals ...

  1. Segmental blood pressure after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebuhr, Peter Henrik; Soelberg, M; Henriksen, Jens Henrik

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-nine patients due to have a total hip replacement had their systemic systolic and segmental blood pressures measured prior to operation and 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively. No patients had signs of ischemia. The segmental blood pressure was measured at the ankle and at the toes. A significan...

  2. Total Hip Arthroplasty in Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. O'hEireamhoin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Children affected by mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS type IH (Hurler Syndrome, an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder, are known to experience a range of musculoskeletal manifestations including spinal abnormalities, hand abnormalities, generalised joint stiffness, genu valgum, and hip dysplasia and avascular necrosis. Enzyme therapy, in the form of bone marrow transplantation, significantly increases life expectancy but does not prevent the development of the associated musculoskeletal disorders. We present the case of a 23-year-old woman with a diagnosis of Hurler syndrome with a satisfactory result following uncemented total hip arthroplasty.

  3. Gemella haemolysans Infection in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Barry; Jeer, Parminder J S; Spriggins, Anthony J

    2012-01-01

    Gemella haemolysans is a Gram-positive coccus and commensal of the upper respiratory tract and oral mucosa that rarely causes clinically important infections. There is only one previous report of this organism causing periprosthetic infection, in a total knee arthroplasty. We present a case of septic loosening of an uncemented total hip arthroplasty due to G. haemolysans, in an asplenic patient with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Treatment with two-stage revision has been successful at 7 years of follow-up.

  4. Perioperative blood saving measures in total hip and knee arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Horstmann, W.G.

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation explores and discusses different aspects of blood loss and blood-saving measures in total hip and knee arthroplasty. Background: Worldwide, approximately 1 million total hip and 1 million total knee prostheses are implanted each year. Total hip arthroplasty and total

  5. Clinical Evaluation of Fused/Ankylosed Hip with Severe Flexion Deformity after Conversion to Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saroj Kumar Suwal

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: THA is an effective treatment for ankylosed hip with severe flexion deformity although complications are noted more than routine hip arthroplasties. Keywords: ankylosed hip; fused hip; severe flexion deformity; total hip arthroplasty. | PubMed

  6. [Sir John Charnley and total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgers, Paul T P W; van Gijn, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Sir John Charnley (1911-1982), pioneer of the total hip prosthesis, saved countless elderly people from immobility. During the Second World War he assisted Dudley Buxton, orthopaedic surgeon to the British armed forces in the Middle East, in developing new instruments and splints. After the war he first studied healing of bone fractures and the role of compression, and then completely dedicated himself to arthroplasty of the hip. Through countless experiments he found the optimal diameter for the head of the stainless steel prosthesis as well as the optimal polymer for the socket; he also advocated tight cementing of the shaft into the femur. Sir John Charnley received the Lasker Award in 1974 and was knighted in 1977.

  7. Gemella haemolysans Infection in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Rose

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Gemella haemolysans is a Gram-positive coccus and commensal of the upper respiratory tract and oral mucosa that rarely causes clinically important infections. There is only one previous report of this organism causing periprosthetic infection, in a total knee arthroplasty. We present a case of septic loosening of an uncemented total hip arthroplasty due to G. haemolysans, in an asplenic patient with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Treatment with two-stage revision has been successful at 7 years of follow-up.

  8. INCIDENTALOMA FOUND IN A METAL-ON-METAL REVISION TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY: A CASE REPORT.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Falzarano

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Metal-on-metal coupling in total hip replacements has traditionally been a valid alternative to other total hip bearings for young adults and very active elderly patients. Unfortunately, clinical experience has revealed that the difference in strength between the titanium alloy stem and the cobalt alloy-bearing surface leads to a conflict between the acetabular component and the head, which inturn leads to abnormal wear and osteolysis. The major problems are osteolysis, metal ion intoxication, potential genome toxicity, neoplasms, allergies and implant failure. The authors present an incidental finding of a pseudotumour of the external rotators of the hip in a total hip replacement (THR revision in a 68 year old female patient.

  9. The association between metal allergy, total knee arthroplasty, and revision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münch, Henrik J; Jacobsen, Stig; Olesen, Jens T

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is unclear whether delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions against implanted metals play a role in the etiopathogenesis of malfunctioning total knee arthroplasties. We therefore evaluated the association between metal allergy, defined as a positive patch test reaction...... to common metal allergens, and revision surgery in patients who underwent knee arthroplasty. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The nationwide Danish Knee Arthroplasty Register, including all knee-implanted patients and revisions in Denmark after 1997 (n = 46,407), was crosslinked with a contact allergy patch test......, the prevalence of cobalt and chromium allergy was markedly higher. Metal allergy that was diagnosed before implant surgery appeared not to increase the risk of implant failure and revision surgery. INTERPRETATION: While we could not confirm that a positive patch test reaction to common metals is associated...

  10. Segmental blood pressure after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gebuhr, Peter Henrik; Soelberg, M; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1992-01-01

    Twenty-nine patients due to have a total hip replacement had their systemic systolic and segmental blood pressures measured prior to operation and 1 and 6 weeks postoperatively. No patients had signs of ischemia. The segmental blood pressure was measured at the ankle and at the toes. A significant...... drop was found in all pressures 1 week postoperatively. The decrease followed the systemic pressure and was restored to normal after 6 weeks. In a group of six patients with preoperatively decreased ankle pressure, a significant transient further decrease in the ankle-toe gradient pressure was found...

  11. Minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty: in opposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hungerford, David S

    2004-06-01

    At the Knee Society Winter Meeting in 2003, Seth Greenwald and I debated about whether there should be new standards (ie, regulations) applied to the release of information to the public on "new developments." I argued for the public's "right to know" prior to the publication of peer-reviewed literature. He argued for regulatory constraint or "proving by peer-reviewed publication" before alerting the public. It is not a contradiction for me to currently argue against the public advertising of minimally invasive (MIS) total hip arthroplasty as not yet being in the best interest of the public. It is hard to remember a concept that has so captured both the public's and the surgical community's fancy as MIS. Patients are "demanding" MIS without knowing why. Surgeons are offering it as the next best, greatest thing without having developed the skill and experience to avoid the surgery's risks. If you put "minimally invasive hip replacement" into the Google search engine (http://www.google.com), you get 5,170 matches. If you put the same words in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi), referencing the National Library of Medicine database, you get SEVENTEEN; none is really a peer-reviewed article. Most are 1 page papers in orthopedics from medical education meetings. On the other hand, there are over 6,000 peer-reviewed articles on total hip arthroplasty. Dr. Thomas Sculco, my couterpart in this debate, wrote an insightful editorial in the American Journal of Orthopedic Surgery in which he stated: "Although these procedures have generated incredible interest and enthusiasm, I am concerned that they may be performed to the detriment of our patients." I couldn't agree with him more. Smaller is not necessarily better and, when it is worse, it will be the "smaller" that is held accountable.

  12. Total Hip Replacement as a Treatment Option for Osteoarthritis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As the age of the population increases, total hip arthroplasty as a treatment option for osteoarthritis will assume greater significance. The aim of this study is to document the problems encountered with total hip arthroplasty in treating patients with osfeoarthrifis ofthe hip at the National Orthropaedic Hospital, Dala Kanso ...

  13. Trunnionosis in total hip arthroplasty: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mistry, Jaydev B; Chughtai, Morad; Elmallah, Randa K; Diedrich, Aloise; Le, Sidney; Thomas, Melbin; Mont, Michael A

    2016-03-01

    Trunnionosis is defined as wear of the femoral head-neck interface and has recently been acknowledged as a growing cause of total hip arthroplasty failure. Some studies have reported that it accounts for up to 3 % of all revisions. The exact cause of trunnionosis is currently unknown; however, postulated etiologies include modular junction wear, corrosion damage, and metal ion release. Additionally, implant design and trunnion geometries may contribute to the progression of component failure. In order to aid in our understanding of this phenomenon, our aim was to present the current literature on (1) the effect of femoral head size on trunnionosis, (2) the effect of trunnion design on trunnionosis, (3) localized biological reactions associated with trunnionosis, and (4) gross trunnion failures. It is hoped that this will encourage further research and interest aimed at minimizing this complication.

  14. Postoperative pain treatment after total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højer Karlsen, Anders Peder; Geisler, Anja; Petersen, Pernille Lykke

    2015-01-01

    Treatment of postoperative pain should rely on results from randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses of high scientific quality. The efficacy of a particular intervention may depend on the type of surgical procedure, which supports the reporting of "procedure-specific" interventions. The aim...... of this systematic review was to document the procedure-specific evidence for analgesic interventions after total hip arthroplasty (THA). This PRISMA-compliant and PROSPERO-registered review includes randomized placebo-controlled trials (RCTs) of medication-based analgesic interventions after THA. Endpoints were......, and lumbar plexus block reduced nausea and pruritus. The GRADE-rated quality of evidence ranged from low to very low throughout the analyses. This review demonstrated, that some analgesic interventions may have the capacity to reduce mean opioid requirements and/or mean pain intensity compared with controls...

  15. Total hip arthroplasty: a still evolving technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Roberto Galia

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT It has been advocated that total hip arthroplasty (THA is probably the most successful surgical intervention performed in Medicine. In the 1960s, Sir John Charnley not only introduced, but also modified and improved the technique of cemented arthroplasties. The concepts on biological , fixation established by Pillar and Galante served as the foundation for the development of uncemented implants that are now used worldwide. Currently, THA is a worldwide widespread surgery performed on millions of people. However, keeping abreast of the large number of information available on these procedures, especially on implant fixation, designs, different tribological pairings, and the long-term results can be challenging at times. This article is a brief update on the main aspects of THA.

  16. Tribology of total hip arthroplasty prostheses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieker, Claude B.

    2016-01-01

    Articulating components should minimise the generation of wear particles in order to optimize long-term survival of the prosthesis. A good understanding of tribological properties helps the orthopaedic surgeon to choose the most suitable bearing for each individual patient. Conventional and highly cross-linked polyethylene articulating either with metal or ceramic, ceramic-on-ceramic and metal-on-metal are the most commonly used bearing combinations. All combinations of bearing surface have their advantages and disadvantages. An appraisal of the individual patient’s objectives should be part of the assessment of the best bearing surface. Cite this article: Rieker CB. Tribology of total hip arthroplasty prostheses: what an orthopaedic surgeon should know. EFORT Open Rev 2016;1:52-57. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000004. PMID:28461928

  17. Total hip arthroplasty at the rothman institute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Matthew S; Higuera, Carlos A; Rothman, Richard H

    2012-07-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful surgical interventions devised in modern times. Attempts to change the current THA procedure with unproven innovations bring the risk of increased failure rates while trying to improve the benefit of the surgery. This manuscript examines the evolution of THA at the Rothman Institute illustrating the key elements that lead the success of this procedure at this institution. These key elements include femoral stem design, use of highly crossed-linked polyethylene and use of pain and rehabilitation protocols. We attempted to describe the long-term results regarding safety, effectiveness, and durability of specific THA implant designs used at this institution drawing on reported evidence in the literature. The authors performed a review of peer-reviewed articles related to the Rothman Institute's experience with THA. Total hip arthroplasty is an efficient, safe, and durable procedure. It is a highly successful operation to restore function and improve pain. The survivorship of THA procedures at the Rothman Institute is higher than 99% at 10 years based on mechanical failure. The use of collarless, tapered wedge femoral stem, highly crossed-linked polyethylene, and improved pain rehabilitation protocols have contributed to this success. There is a well-documented long-term survivorship after THA. Future innovation in THA should address new challenges with younger and more demanding patients, rather than change current methods that have a proven good survivorship. This innovation depends mainly upon improvements in the bearing surfaces and advances in pain control and rehabilitation.

  18. Gait during hydrokinesitherapy following total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giaquinto, Salvatore; Ciotola, Elena; Margutti, Ferdinando; Valentini, Fabio

    2007-05-15

    To obtain gait parameters during hydrotherapy (HT) in patients who were referred for rehabilitation after total hip arthroprostheses. The study had a cohort prospective design. Patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) followed a HT rehabilitation program. Twenty-one consecutive patients were enrolled. Five of them dropped out for various reasons, independently of HT. Therefore 16 patients could be evaluated (5 men and 11 women). Sixteen age-matched healthy volunteers were the control subjects. Nine patients had a right THA and 7 a left THA. On average HT duration was 15.7 days (SD 3.8). The patients presented with a mean speed of 749 meters per hour (SD 146) at the baseline. At the last session the mean speed was 1175 meters per hour (SD 396). The mean stance duration was 1.59 s (SD 0.28) on the operated side and 1.67 (SD 0.27) on the non-operated side. By contrast, the mean swing duration was 1.02 s (SD 0.20) on the operated side and 0.95 s (SD 0.16) on the non-operated side. The differences in balance were statistically significant. The step duration was the same on both sides. At the beginning of HT the stance/swing ratio was 1.62 (SD 0.40) on the operated side, whereas it was 1.74 (SD 0.42) on the non-operated side. In the controls the ratio was 1.45. During HT both values fluctuated but the trend was toward a better coherence over time. At the beginning the mean stride length was 0.484 meters (SD 0.116) and the value became 0.628 (SD 0.131) after 15 training sessions. At the individual level, recovery occurred in a non-linear fashion, but the mean regression line had a coefficient of 27.1 and the intercept was at 560.3. The study design permits accurate definition of stride parameters during rehabilitation which allows optimization of the programme. Increase in speed and regain of balance are monitored on a daily basis and they appear as the targets of a HT programme.

  19. Cemented total hip arthroplasty following acetabular fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, C E H; MacDonald, D; Moran, M; White, T O; Patton, J T; Keating, J F

    2017-10-01

    To evaluate the outcomes of cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) following a fracture of the acetabulum, with evaluation of risk factors and comparison with a patient group with no history of fracture. Between 1992 and 2016, 49 patients (33 male) with mean age of 57 years (25 to 87) underwent cemented THA at a mean of 6.5 years (0.1 to 25) following acetabular fracture. A total of 38 had undergone surgical fixation and 11 had been treated non-operatively; 13 patients died at a mean of 10.2 years after THA (0.6 to 19). Patients were assessed pre-operatively, at one year and at final follow-up (mean 9.1 years, 0.5 to 23) using the Oxford Hip Score (OHS). Implant survivorship was assessed. An age and gender-matched cohort of THAs performed for non-traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) or avascular necrosis (AVN) (n = 98) were used to compare complications and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). The mean time from fracture to THA was significantly shorter for patients with AVN (2.2 years) or protrusio (2.2 years) than those with post-traumatic OA (9.4 years) or infection (8.0 years) (p = 0.03). Nine contained and four uncontained defects were managed with autograft (n = 11), bulk allograft (n = 1), or trabecular metal augment (n = 1). Initial fracture management (open reduction and internal fixation or non-operative), timing of THA (>// 10 mm) were significantly higher following acetabular fracture compared with atraumatic OA/AVN and OHSs were inferior: one-year OHS (35.7 v ersus 40.2, p = 0.026); and final follow-up OHS (33.6 v ersus 40.9, p = 0.008). Cemented THA is a reasonable option for the sequelae of acetabular fracture. Higher complication rates and poorer PROMs, compared with patients undergoing THA for atraumatic causes, reflects the complex nature of these cases. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2017;99-B:1399-1408. ©2017 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  20. Resurfacing total hip replacement–a therapeutical approach in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and hip arthrosis

    OpenAIRE

    Popescu, D; Ene, R; Cirstoiu, C

    2011-01-01

    Aim: Patients with incipient hip arthrosis may benefit from a relatively new therapeutical approach using resurfacing total hip replacement, but in those with associated osteoporosis, this type of surgical intervention is contraindicated, given the poor quality of osteoporotic bones. We assessed the efficacy of the antiosteoporotic pharmacological therapy to improve bone quality and bone strength in postmenopausal women diagnosed with hip arthrosis and osteoporosis thus facilitating the hip s...

  1. Process optimized minimally invasive total hip replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philipp Gebel

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyse a new concept of using the the minimally invasive direct anterior approach (DAA in total hip replacement (THR in combination with the leg positioner (Rotex- Table and a modified retractor system (Condor. We evaluated retrospectively the first 100 primary THR operated with the new concept between 2009 and 2010, regarding operation data, radiological and clinical outcome (HOOS. All surgeries were perfomed in a standardized operation technique including navigation. The average age of the patients was 68 years (37 to 92 years, with a mean BMI of 26.5 (17 to 43. The mean time of surgery was 80 min. (55 to 130 min. The blood loss showed an average of 511.5 mL (200 to 1000 mL. No intra-operative complications occurred. The postoperative complication rate was 6%. The HOOS increased from 43 points pre-operatively to 90 (max 100 points 3 months after surgery. The radiological analysis showed an average cup inclination of 43° and a leg length discrepancy in a range of +/- 5 mm in 99%. The presented technique led to excellent clinic results, showed low complication rates and allowed correct implant positions although manpower was saved.

  2. Surgical approaches for total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent M Moretti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Total hip arthroplasty (THA has become one of the most reliable and patient-requested surgical interventions in all medicine. The procedure can be performed using a variety of surgical approaches, but the posterior approach, direct lateral approach, and direct anterior approach are by far the most common across the globe. This article highlights the history and technique for each of these common approaches. A review of outcomes and complications for each approach are also provided. Each approach has its own unique advantages and disadvantages, but all can be safely and successful utilized for THA. Strong, convincing, high-quality studies comparing the different approaches are lacking at this time. Surgeons are therefore recommended to choose whichever approach they are most comfortable and experienced using. Though not described here, THA can also be done using the anterolateral approach (also known as the Watson Jones approach as well as the two-incision approach. In addition, recently, some surgeons are utilizing the so-called direct superior approach for THA. While these approaches are far less commonly utilized, they are recognized as viable alternatives to traditional approaches.

  3. Blood Loss and Influencing Factors in Primary Total Hip Arthroplasties

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Orthopaedic surgery results in significant blood loss. There are no studies that can aid the surgeon in the African region estimate the expected blood loss after total hip replacement. We conducted a study to quantify the blood loss following total hip arthroplasty and to determine the factors associated with this ...

  4. Total hip replacements at Kikuyu Hospital, Kenya | Kingori | East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Total joint arthroplasty is a highly effective procedure that is frequently performed in elderly patients. This is not so in the third world and is not frequently performed. Total hip replacement (THR) relieves the pain and functional disability experienced by patients with moderate to severe arthritis of the hip, ...

  5. Countrywise results of total hip replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose An earlier Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) report on 280,201 total hip replacements (THRs) based on data from 1995–2006, from Sweden, Norway, and Denmark, was published in 2009. The present study assessed THR survival according to country, based on the NARA database with the Finnish data included. Material and methods 438,733 THRs performed during the period 1995–2011 in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland were included. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to calculate survival probabilities with 95% confidence interval (CI). Cox multiple regression, with adjustment for age, sex, and diagnosis, was used to analyze implant survival with revision for any reason as endpoint. Results The 15-year survival, with any revision as an endpoint, for all THRs was 86% (CI: 85.7–86.9) in Denmark, 88% (CI: 87.6–88.3) in Sweden, 87% (CI: 86.4–87.4) in Norway, and 84% (CI: 82.9–84.1) in Finland. Revision risk for all THRs was less in Sweden than in the 3 other countries during the first 5 years. However, revision risk for uncemented THR was less in Denmark than in Sweden during the sixth (HR = 0.53, CI: 0.34–0.82), seventh (HR = 0.60, CI: 0.37–0.97), and ninth (HR = 0.59, CI: 0.36–0.98) year of follow-up. Interpretation The differences in THR survival rates were considerable, with inferior results in Finland. Brand-level comparison of THRs in Nordic countries will be required. PMID:24650019

  6. Coloarticular fistula: A rare complication of revision total hip arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Long, Suzanne S.; Tawa, Nicholas E.; Ayres, Douglas K.; Abdeen, Ayesha; Wu, Jim S.

    2011-01-01

    Fistula formation between bowel and total hip arthroplasty or revision arthroplasty hardware is rare. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman with protrusio of left hip arthroplasty and acetabular reconstruction hardware that caused direct perforation of the sigmoid colon and fistula formation between the sigmoid colon and the left hip joint. The patient underwent several joint debridements, sigmoid colectomy, and removal of all orthopedic hardware; she ultimately died after two prolonged ho...

  7. Contralateral Total Hip Arthroplasty After Hindquarter Amputation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott M. M. Sommerville

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe the management and outcome of a 62-year old lady who developed severe osteoarthritis of the hip, nine years after a hindquarter amputation for radiation-induced sarcoma of the contralateral pelvis. The difficulties of stabilising the pelvis intraoperatively and the problems of postoperative rehabilitation are outlined. The operation successfully relieved her pain and restored limited mobility.

  8. Outcome of Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty in Management of Failed Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Wael A; Amenábar, Tomás; Hetaimish, Bandar M; Safir, Oleg A; Kuzyk, Paul R; Gross, Allan E

    2016-11-01

    This is a retrospective review of the functional outcomes and complications of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) of failed metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasty. A total of 20 revision THAs were performed in 19 patients. Of them, 2 cases were failed hip resurfacing, and 18 cases were failed (MoM) THA. The mean age at revision (THA) was 59.35 years (standard deviation [SD] 9.83). The mean follow-up was 45 months (SD 13.98). The indications of revision were aseptic loosening of acetabular component without adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR; 10 hips), aseptic loosening of the acetabular and femoral components without ALTR (1 hip), painful hip associated with ALTR (6 hips), iliopsoas impingement associated with a large-diameter femoral head or malpositioned acetabular component (3 hips). The acetabular components were revised in 18 hips using Trabecular Metal Modular cups. The femoral components were revised in 3 hips. A constrained acetabular liner was used in 5 hips. The Harris hip score significantly improved from 48.4 (SD 12.98) to 83.25 (SD 10.08). There were 2 complications (1 foot drop and 1 superficial infection) and 1 failure (recurrent dislocation) that required revision to a constrained liner. Early results of revision THA of failed MoM hip arthroplasty showed improvement in pain and functional outcome. No case of failed bone ingrowth was noted with the use of Trabecular Metal Modular cups. Extensive soft tissue and abductor muscles dysfunctions were common. A constrained acetabular component with repair of the hip abductors might be beneficial. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. bladder injury during infected total hip arthroplasty prosthesis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Severe intrapelvic protrusions after total hip arthroplasty may occur in cases of chronic infection. During hip surgery, the components threating the neighboring organs were most often cement and screws than the cup itself. As expected, infection is another problem related to all implant surgeries. Bach et al (8) suggested that.

  10. Prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip replacement with NSAIDs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fijn, R; Koorevaar, RT; Brouwers, JRBJ

    Introduction: non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ( NSAIDs) and prophylactic radiotherapy can prevent ectopic bone formation around the hip after total hip arthroplasty. Methods: We retrieved from Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Register ( clinical) trials and other relevant literature on the

  11. Total hip replacement surgery in Ethiopia | Gokcen | East and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Total hip replacement (THR) surgery has evolved over years to the point that it has been considered as "the operation of the century". For developed countries, arthroplasty is well established for the management of various joint disorders and has completely revolutionised the treatment of the arthritic hip.

  12. Revision hip arthroplasty by Waldemar Link custom-made total hip prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medenica Ivica

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The number of patients undergoing hip arthroplasty revision is constantly growing. Especially, complex problem is extensive loss of bone stock and pelvic discontinuity that requires reconstruction. Case report. The paper presented a 50-year old patient, who ten years ago underwent a total cement artrhroplasty of the left hip. A year after the primary operation the patient had difficulties in walking without crutches. Problems intensified in the last five years, the patient had severe pain, totally limited movement in the left hip and could not walk at all. Radiographically, we found loose femoral component, massive loss of bone stock of proximal femur, acetabular protrusion and a consequent pelvic discontinuity. Clinically, a completely disfunctional left hip joint was registered (Harris hip score - 7.1. We performed total rearthroplasty by a custom- made Waldemar Link total hip prosthesis with acetabular antiprotrusio cage and compensation of bone defects with a graft from the bone bank. A year after the operation, we found clinically an extreme improvement in Harris hip score - 87.8. Radiographically, we found stability of implanted components, a complete graft integration and bone bridging across the site of pelvic discontinuity. Conclusion. Pelvic discontinuity and massive loss of proximal femoral bone stock is a challenging and complex entity. Conventional prostheses cannot provide an adequate fixation and stability of the hip. Application of custom-made prosthesis (measured specifically for a patient and additional alografting bone defects is a good method in revision surgery after unsuccessful hip arthroplasty with extensive bone defects.

  13. Bilaterally Primary Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty for Severe Hip Ankylosis with Ankylosing Spondylitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Dong-Xu; Zhang, Kun; Zhang, Yu-Min; Nian, Yue-Wen; Zhang, Jun; Kang, Xiao-Min; Wu, Shu-Fang; Zhu, Yang-Jun

    2016-08-01

    Total hip arthroplasty is a reliable therapeutic intervention in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, in whom the aims of surgery are to reduce pain, restore hip function and improve quality of life. The current study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical and radiographic findings in a consecutive series of patients with hip ankylosis associated with severe ankylosing spondylitis who underwent bilateral primary total hip arthroplasty using non-cemented components. From June 2008 to May 2012, total hip arthroplasty was performed on 34 hips in 17 patients with bilateral ankylosis caused by ankylosing spondylitis. The study patients included 13 men and 4 women with a mean age of 24.2 years. The mean duration of disease was 8.3 years and the average duration of hip involvement was 7.6 years. All patients had severe hip pain and dysfunction with bilateral bony ankylosis and no range of motion preoperatively and all underwent bilateral cementless total hip arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon. Joint pain, range of motion (ROM), and Harris hip scores were assessed to evaluate the postoperative results. At a mean follow-up of 31.7 months, all patients had experienced significant clinical improvement in function, ROM, posture and ambulation. At the final follow-up, the mean postoperative flexion ROM was 134.4° compared with 0° preoperatively. Similar improvements were seen in hip abduction, adduction, internal rotation and external rotation. Postoperatively, 23 hips were completely pain-free, six had only occasional discomfort, three mild to moderate pain and two severe pain. The average Harris Hip Score improved from 23.7 preoperatively to 65.8 postoperatively. No stems had loosened at the final follow-up in any patient, nor had any revision surgery been required. Bilateral severe hip ankylosis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis can be treated with cementless bilateral synchronous total hip arthroplasty, which can greatly improve hip joint function and

  14. Cementless isoelastic RM total hip prosthesis1

    OpenAIRE

    Bombelli, Renato; Mathys, Robert

    1982-01-01

    Some surgeons are beginning to doubt the reliability of bone cement in joint replacements. In 1967 Robert Mathys conceived the idea of an isoelastic prosthesis made of plastic, which would anchor into the bone without cement. He developed the idea by extensive tests in animals and, in 1973, the first human RM cementless hip prosthesis was inserted by E Morscher. In this paper the concept of the cementless isoelastic prosthesis is developed by Robery Mathys, and Professor Bombelli records his ...

  15. Total Hip Arthroplasty after Treatment of Pseudojoint Infection in a Patient with a Highly Dislocated Hip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyung-Soon Park

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Infection at the pseudoacetabulum in a patient with a high hip dislocation has not been reported previously in the English literature. We report a case of total hip arthroplasty in a 28-year-old female who presented to us with hip pain following debridement of the infected pseudojoint in a case of neglected developmental dysplasia of the hip. The infection was treated with thorough debridement and drainage. However, even after achieving complete infection control, this patient complained of disabling right hip joint pain. Total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric osteotomy was performed to relieve the pain and improve gait. After surgery, the patient's symptoms were relieved. We consider that in this case of acute pseudojoint infection simple arthrotomy and debridement combined with irrigation and drainage provide effective treatment. But muscle weakness and more increased joint laxity can cause hip pain even after infection control. So total hip arthroplasty is likely to be necessary after the infection has been controlled in a patient with a highly dislocated hip.

  16. Reconstruction of the Acetabulum in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in total hip replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakellariou, Vasileios I.; Christodoulou, Michael; Sasalos, Gregory; Babis, George C.

    2014-01-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) or congenital hip dysplasia (CDH) is the most prevalent developmental childhood hip disorder. It includes a wide spectrum of hip abnormalities ranging from dysplasia to subluxation and complete dislocation of the hip joint. The natural history of neglected DDH in adults is highly variable. The mean age of onset of symptoms is 34.5 years for dysplastic DDH, 32.5 years for low dislocation, 31.2 years for high dislocation with a false acetabulum, and 46.4 years for high dislocation without a false acetabulum. Thorough understanding of the bony and soft tissue deformities induced by dysplasia is crucial for the success of total hip arthroplasty. It is important to evaluate the existing acetabular deformity three-dimensionally, and customize the correction in accordance with the quantity and location of ace tabular deficiencies. Acetabular reconstruction in patients with DDH is challenging. Interpretation of published data is difficult and should be done with caution because most series include patients with different types of hip disease. In general, the complication rate associated with THA is higher in patients with hip dysplasia than it is in patients with osteoarthritis. Overall, clinical and functional outcomes following THA in patients hip dysplasia (DDH) differ from those treated for primary hip osteoarthritis, possibly due to the lower age and level of activity. Although function scores decline with age, the scores for pain and range of motion presented with a statistically significant improvement in the long-term. PMID:25386570

  17. Reconstruction of the Acetabulum in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakellariou, Vasileios I; Christodoulou, Michael; Sasalos, Gregory; Babis, George C

    2014-09-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) or congenital hip dysplasia (CDH) is the most prevalent developmental childhood hip disorder. It includes a wide spectrum of hip abnormalities ranging from dysplasia to subluxation and complete dislocation of the hip joint. The natural history of neglected DDH in adults is highly variable. The mean age of onset of symptoms is 34.5 years for dysplastic DDH, 32.5 years for low dislocation, 31.2 years for high dislocation with a false acetabulum, and 46.4 years for high dislocation without a false acetabulum. Thorough understanding of the bony and soft tissue deformities induced by dysplasia is crucial for the success of total hip arthroplasty. It is important to evaluate the existing acetabular deformity three-dimensionally, and customize the correction in accordance with the quantity and location of ace tabular deficiencies. Acetabular reconstruction in patients with DDH is challenging. Interpretation of published data is difficult and should be done with caution because most series include patients with different types of hip disease. In general, the complication rate associated with THA is higher in patients with hip dysplasia than it is in patients with osteoarthritis. Overall, clinical and functional outcomes following THA in patients hip dysplasia (DDH) differ from those treated for primary hip osteoarthritis, possibly due to the lower age and level of activity. Although function scores decline with age, the scores for pain and range of motion presented with a statistically significant improvement in the long-term.

  18. Reconstruction of the Acetabulum in Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Total Hip Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasileios Sakellariou

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH or congenital hip dysplasia (CDH is the most prevalent developmental childhood hip disorder. It includes a wide spectrum of hip abnormalities ranging from dysplasia to subluxation and complete dislocation of the hip joint. The natural history of neglected DDH in adults is highly variable. The mean age of onset of symptoms is 34.5 years for dysplastic DDH, 32.5 years for low dislocation, 31.2 years for high dislocation with a false acetabulum, and 46.4 years for high dislocation without a false acetabulum. Thorough understanding of the bony and soft tissue deformities induced by dysplasia is crucial for the success of total hip arthroplasty. It is important to evaluate the existing acetabular deformity three-dimensionally, and customize the correction in accordance with the quantity and location of ace tabular deficiencies. Acetabular reconstruction in patients with DDH is hallenging. Interpretation of published data is difficult and should be done with caution because most series include patients with different types of hip disease. In general, the complication rate associated with THA is higher in patients with hip dysplasia than it is in patients with osteoarthritis. Overall, clinical and functional outcomes following THA in patients hip dysplasia (DDH differ from those treated for primary hip osteoarthritis, possibly due to the lower age and level of activity. Although function scores decline with age, the scores for pain and range of motion presented with a statistically significant improvement in the long-term.

  19. Comparison of acetabular reamings during hip resurfacing versus uncemented total hip arthroplasty.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Brennan, S A

    2009-04-01

    PURPOSE: To compare the quantity of bone removed from the acetabulum during resurfacing hip arthroplasty versus uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: 62 consecutive patients with osteoarthritis of the hip were prospectively studied. 24 men and 7 women aged 40 to 86 (mean, 59) years underwent Birmingham hip resurfacing. 13 men and 18 women aged 34 to 88 (mean, 61) years underwent uncemented THA using the trident acetabular cup. Obese elderly women at risk of femoral neck fracture and patients with large subchondral pseudocysts or a history of avascular necrosis of the femoral head were assigned to uncemented THA. Acetabular reamings were collected; marginal osteophytes were not included. The reamings were dehydrated, defatted, and weighed. RESULTS: The mean weight of acetabular reamings was not significantly different between patients undergoing hip resurfacing and uncemented THA (p=0.57). CONCLUSION: In hip resurfacing, the use of an appropriately small femoral component avoids oversizing the acetabular component and removal of excessive bone stock.

  20. [Effect of ceramic on ceramic total hip arthroplasty in Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jing-Yang; Zhou, Yong-Gang; Du, Yin-Qiao; Piao, Shang; Wang, Sen; Gao, Zhi-Sen; Wu, Wen-Ming; Ma, Hai-Yang

    2018-02-25

    To observe the clinical effect of ceramic on ceramic total hip arthroplasty(THA)in Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip(DDH). From April 2008 to December 2015, 137 hips of 111 Crowe IV DDH patients received THA using Forte or Delta ceramic on ceramic by one senior surgeon, which consists of 85 unilateral hips and 26 bilateral hips. The average age of the patients was(38.88±10.83) years old ranging from 18 to 68 years old. The mean follow-up was(41.16±21.50) months ranging from 12 to 96 months. All the patients were evaluated by Harris Hip Score. Radiographic evaluations were made preoperatively and during follow-up. Harris scores, the incidence of complications such as ceramic fracture, squeaking, dislocation were observed. The mean preoperative Harris score was 56.54±15.67, the mean postoperative Harris score was 88.30±6.86( P =0.017). Periprosthetic osteolysis was not deteced around any cup. No ceramic fracture occurred. There were 3 cases of revision surgery due to infection, losening of the stem and limb length discrepancy, respectively; 3 cases of dislocation occurred. Seventy-seven patients were recorded the gait and the hip mobility, the hip flexion of 69 patients were above 120 degrees. Ceramic on ceramic bearing showed an encouraging result in Crowe IV DDH total hip arthroplasty. Copyright© 2018 by the China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Press.

  1. Primary extra-cranial meningioma following total hip replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, T.J.; Beggs, I. [Royal Infirmary, Department of Radiology, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Patton, J.T.; Porter, D. [Royal Infirmary, Department of Orthopaedics, Edinburgh (United Kingdom); Salter, D.M.; Al-Nafussi, A. [Royal Infirmary, Department of Pathology, Edinburgh (United Kingdom)

    2009-01-15

    A 61-year-old man presented with pain at the left hip and decreased mobility 10 years after total hip replacement. Imaging demonstrated a large destructive expansile mass adjacent to the prosthesis. Histological analysis confirmed the presence of an extra-cranial meningioma. Primary tumours after total hip replacement are rare and include soft tissue sarcomas, bone sarcomas and lymphomas. To our knowledge, no previous cases of primary extracranial meningioma have been identified. The imaging features, histology, pathogenesis and differential diagnosis are discussed. (orig.)

  2. Managing infection in the revision total hip replacement patient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halley, D K

    1993-01-01

    Deep infection is one of the most devastating complications in total hip replacement. This dreaded complication is presented in considerable detail with special emphasis on prevention, diagnosis, and various methods of surgical and antibiotic treatment. Basic fundamentals of antibiotic therapy are reviewed. In addition, guidelines are given for the indications of surgical intervention, the type and staging of operative procedures, with detailed techniques of the various operative procedures used to treat the infected total hip implant patient.

  3. Radiological examinations of complications after total hip replacement Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luzsa, Gyoergy; Reti, Peter; Lakatos, Jozsef

    1985-01-01

    The radiological findings of complications after total hip replacement are summarized by analizing the data of control examinations of the operated patients at the National Institute for Rheumatology and Physiotherapy. In this first part the types of total hip replacements and the radiological methods (native x-ray, fistulography, arthrography, needle biopsy and scintigraphy using sup(99m)Tc isotope) are surveyed, and the radiological findings of the septic surgical complications are described. (author)

  4. [Oblong implants for revision total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landor, I; Vavrík, P; Jahoda, D; Pokorný, D; Popelka, S; Sosna, A

    2009-12-01

    A prerequisite for the successful implantation of an acetabular component in a defective bone tissue is, in addition to providing sufficient primary fixation of the implant, reconstruction of the acetabular bone bed. To achieve this, one of the options involves the use of an oblong implant. Data published on this topic are sparse and therefore the aim of this study was to gain a deeper insight into this issue. In addition, we wanted to compare the results achieved with the oblong component with those obtained using its original model. One group comprised 111 patients with 133 sides who underwent acetabular revision for aseptic loosening or extraction of an infected acetabular component with subsequent implantation of an oblong cup (Langs-Ovale Revisionspfanne [L.O.R.], Allopro, Switzerland). The average age of this group at the time of surgery was 62.2 (range, 31-83) years, and average follow-up was 9.7 (range, 0.6-13.9) years. The other group consisted of 134 patients with 152 sides who for the same indications as the L.O.R. group received a Walter Oval cup (Medin Orthopaedics, Czech Republic). The average age at the time of surgery was 64.6 (22-86) years, and average follow-up was 7.3 (range, 1.1-9.8) years. The proportion and nature of defects and underlying clinical diagnoses in the two groups were statistically comparable. The patients requiring replacement or removal of the acetabular component were not included in clinical evaluation, but their data were used for survival analysis. The clinical evaluation included: in the L.O.R. group, 115 hip joints at an average follow-up of 10.8 (range, 4.5-13.9) years and, in the Walter Oval group, 144 hip joints at an average follow-up of 7.5 (range, 2.3-9.8) years. The data of patients who died during ;the study (L.O.R., 7 Walter Oval, 11) were included in the clinical evaluation as of the date of the final follow-up. The results for each group were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, with a simple

  5. TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT IN LEGG-CALVÉ-PERTHES DISEASE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Froberg, Lonnie; Christensen, Finn; Pedersen, Niels Wisbech

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Poor long-time results in patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) are most often due to degenerative hip disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate if patients with LCP have an increased rate of total hip replacement (THR) compared to sex- and age-matched persons....... MATERIAL AND METHODS 167 LCP patients presented to our institution from 1941 to 1962. All patients were treated conservatively by a Thomas splint. Retrospectively medical records and radiographs were retrieved. Data from the Danish Hip Replacement Register and the Registries of the National Board of Health...

  6. Hip malformation is a very common finding in young patients scheduled for total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karimi, Dennis; Kallemose, Thomas; Troelsen, Anders

    2018-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, 20% of all registered total hip arthroplasties (THA) from 1995 to 2014 has been patients younger than 60 years with primary idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA). It is speculated that hip malformations may be a major contributor to early OA development. It has been shown...... that hip malformation may compromise implant position and, therefore, identifying and knowing the incidence of malformations is important. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of hip malformations in a cohort of younger patients undergoing THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective two center...... cohort study, 95 consecutive patients (106 hips) met the inclusion criteria. One observer performed radiographic measurements for malformations and radiographic OA. Inter- and intraobserver variability was assessed. RESULTS: From 95 patients (male n = 52 and female n = 43) age ranged from 35 to 59 years...

  7. Recovery of physical functioning after total hip arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Heiberg, Kristi Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The overall aim of this thesis was to examine recovery of physical functioning in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) during the first year after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The specific aims were 1) to examine the desires of a group of patients regarding improvements in physical functioning before they underwent THA and at three and 12 months after surgery, 2) to examine changes in physical functioning during the first year of recovery and examine which preoperative measures pre...

  8. Alumina-on-Polyethylene Bearing Surfaces in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Yup Lee; Kim, Shin-Yoon

    2010-01-01

    The long-term durability of polyethylene lining total hip arthroplasty (THA) mainly depends on periprosthetic osteolysis due to wear particles, especially in young active patients. In hip simulator study, reports revealed significant wear reduction of the alumina ceramic-on-polyethylene articulation of THA compared with metal-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces. However, medium to long-term clinical studies of THA using the alumina ceramic-on-polyethylene are few and the reported wear rate of th...

  9. Primary cemented total hip arthroplasty: 10 years follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nath Rajendra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary cemented total hip arthroplasty is a procedure for non-traumatic and traumatic affections of the hip. Long term follow-up is required to assess the longevity of the implant and establish the procedure. Indo-Asian literature on long term result of total hip arthroplasty is sparse. We present a 10-year follow-up of our patients of primary cemented total hip arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: We operated 31 hips in 30 patients with primary cemented total hip arthroplasty. We followed the cases for a minimum period of 10 years with a mean follow-up period of 12.7 years. The mean age of the patients was 60.7 years (range 37-82 yrs male to female ratio was 2:1. The clinical diagnoses included - avascular necrosis of femoral head (n=15, sero positive rheumatoid arthritis (n=5, seronegative spondylo-arthropathy (n=4, neglected femoral neck fractures (n=3, healed tubercular arthritis (n=2 and post traumatic osteoarthritis of hip (n=2. The prostheses used were cemented Charnley′s total hip (n=12 and cemented modular prosthesis (n=19. The results were assessed according to Harris hip score and radiographs taken at yearly intervals. Results: The mean follow-up is 12.7 yrs (range 11-16 yrs Results in all operated patients showed marked improvement in Harris hip score from preoperative mean 29.2 to 79.9 at 10 years or more followup. However, the non-inflammatory group showed more sustained long term improvement as compared to the inflammatory group, as revealed by the Harris hip score. Mean blood loss was 450ml (±3.7 ml, mean transfusion rate was 1.2 units (±.3. The complications were hypotension (n=7, shortening> 1.5 cm (n=9, superficial infection (n=2 and malposition of prosthesis (n=1. Conclusion: The needs of Indian Asian patients, vary from what is discussed in literature. The pain tolerance is greater than western population and financial constraints are high. Thus revision surgery among Indian-Asian patients is less compared

  10. Resurfacing total hip replacement–a therapeutical approach in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and hip arthrosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popescu, D; Ene, R

    2011-01-01

    Aim: Patients with incipient hip arthrosis may benefit from a relatively new therapeutical approach using resurfacing total hip replacement, but in those with associated osteoporosis, this type of surgical intervention is contraindicated, given the poor quality of osteoporotic bones. We assessed the efficacy of the antiosteoporotic pharmacological therapy to improve bone quality and bone strength in postmenopausal women diagnosed with hip arthrosis and osteoporosis thus facilitating the hip surgical intervention. Methods: We evaluated 20 postmenopausal women aged between 53–60 years diagnosed with osteoporosis according to the WHO criteria, by using dual–energy X–ray absorptiometry (DXA) for bone mineral density measurements. All these patients had low hip T score (osteopenia/ osteoporosis) and also incipient hip arthrosis. The surgical approach was delayed for 12 months and all the patients received bisphosphonate therapy with calcium and vitamin D supplements. DXA scans were performed after 12 months of therapy in all the patients. Results: A surgical intervention with resurfacing total hip replacement was performed in 12 of the 16 patients presenting with increasing BMD, 4 of them showing elements of rapidly advancing hip arthrosis to a stage that made this type of intervention impossible. We chose not to use this technique in the group with stable BMD (4 patients). All 12 women surgically treated had a favorable post–operative outcome without experiencing a femoral neck fracture during the surgical intervention or during the twelve–month follow–up. All 20 patients continued to receive bisphosphonate therapy. Conclusion: In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and associated hip arthrosis, improving bone mass and bone quality with bisphosphonate therapy is necessary and important in order to allow hip arthroplasty, by using the technique of resurfacing, avoiding the risk of intra–operative fractures and with a favorable post–operative long

  11. Resurfacing total hip replacement--a therapeutical approach in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and hip arthrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popescu, D; Ene, R; Cirstoiu, C

    2011-05-15

    Patients with incipient hip arthrosis may benefit from a relatively new therapeutical approach using resurfacing total hip replacement, but in those with associated osteoporosis, this type of surgical intervention is contraindicated, given the poor quality of osteoporotic bones. We assessed the efficacy of the antiosteoporotic pharmacological therapy to improve bone quality and bone strength in postmenopausal women diagnosed with hip arthrosis and osteoporosis thus facilitating the hip surgical intervention. We evaluated 20 postmenopausal women aged between 53-60 years diagnosed with osteoporosis according to the WHO criteria, by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for bone mineral density measurements. All these patients had low hip T score (osteopenia/ osteoporosis) and also incipient hip arthrosis. The surgical approach was delayed for 12 months and all the patients received bisphosphonate therapy with calcium and vitamin D supplements. DXA scans were performed after 12 months of therapy in all the patients. A surgical intervention with resurfacing total hip replacement was performed in 12 of the 16 patients presenting with increasing BMD, 4 of them showing elements of rapidly advancing hip arthrosis to a stage that made this type of intervention impossible. We chose not to use this technique in the group with stable BMD (4 patients). All 12 women surgically treated had a favorable post-operative outcome without experiencing a femoral neck fracture during the surgical intervention or during the twelve-month follow-up. All 20 patients continued to receive bisphosphonate therapy. In postmenopausal women with osteoporosis and associated hip arthrosis, improving bone mass and bone quality with bisphosphonate therapy is necessary and important in order to allow hip arthroplasty, by using the technique of resurfacing, avoiding the risk of intra-operative fractures and with a favorable post-operative long-term outcome.

  12. The history of biomechanics in total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Van Houcke

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Biomechanics of the hip joint describes how the complex combination of osseous, ligamentous, and muscular structures transfers the weight of the body from the axial skeleton into the appendicular skeleton of the lower limbs. Throughout history, several biomechanical studies based on theoretical mathematics, in vitro, in vivo as well as in silico models have been successfully performed. The insights gained from these studies have improved our understanding of the development of mechanical hip pathologies such as osteoarthritis, hip fractures, and developmental dysplasia of the hip. The main treatment of end-stage degeneration of the hip is total hip arthroplasty (THA. The increasing number of patients undergoing this surgical procedure, as well as their demand for more than just pain relief and leading an active lifestyle, has challenged surgeons and implant manufacturers to deliver higher function as well as longevity with the prosthesis. The science of biomechanics has played and will continue to play a crucial and integral role in achieving these goals. The aim of this article, therefore, is to present to the readers the key concepts in biomechanics of the hip and their application to THA.

  13. The History of Biomechanics in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houcke, Jan Van; Khanduja, Vikas; Pattyn, Christophe; Audenaert, Emmanuel

    2017-01-01

    Biomechanics of the hip joint describes how the complex combination of osseous, ligamentous, and muscular structures transfers the weight of the body from the axial skeleton into the appendicular skeleton of the lower limbs. Throughout history, several biomechanical studies based on theoretical mathematics, in vitro , in vivo as well as in silico models have been successfully performed. The insights gained from these studies have improved our understanding of the development of mechanical hip pathologies such as osteoarthritis, hip fractures, and developmental dysplasia of the hip. The main treatment of end-stage degeneration of the hip is total hip arthroplasty (THA). The increasing number of patients undergoing this surgical procedure, as well as their demand for more than just pain relief and leading an active lifestyle, has challenged surgeons and implant manufacturers to deliver higher function as well as longevity with the prosthesis. The science of biomechanics has played and will continue to play a crucial and integral role in achieving these goals. The aim of this article, therefore, is to present to the readers the key concepts in biomechanics of the hip and their application to THA.

  14. Predictors of excellent early outcome after total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith George H

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Not all patients gain the same degree of improvement from total hip replacement and the reasons for this are not clear. Many investigators have assessed predictors of general outcome after hip surgery. This study is unique in its quest for the predictors of the best possible early outcome. Methods We prospectively collected data on 1318 total hip replacements. Prior to surgery patient characteristics, demographics and co-morbidities were documented. Hip function and general health was assessed using the Harris Hip score (HHS and the Short-Form 36 respectively. The HHS was repeated at three years. We took a maximal HHS of 100 to represent an excellent outcome (102 patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent predictors of excellent outcome. Results The two strongest predictive factors in achieving an excellent result were young age and a high pre-operative HHS (p = 0.001. Conclusions It was the young and those less disabled from their arthritis that excelled at three years. When making a decision about the timing of hip arthroplasty surgery it is important to take into account the age and pre-operative function of the patient. Whether these patients continue to excel however will be the basis of future research.

  15. Failure rate of cemented and uncemented total hip replacements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makela, K. T.; Matilainen, M.; Pulkkinen, P.

    2014-01-01

    ). Participants 347 899 total hip replacements performed during 1995-2011. Main outcome measures Probability of implant survival (Kaplan-Meier analysis) along with implant survival with revision for any reason as endpoint (Cox multiple regression) adjusted for age, sex, and diagnosis in age groups 55-64, 65......Objective To assess the failure rate of cemented, uncemented, hybrid, and reverse hybrid total hip replacements in patients aged 55 years or older. Design Register study. Setting Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association database (combined data from Sweden, Norway, Denmark, and Finland......-74, and 75 years or older. Results The proportion of total hip replacements using uncemented implants increased rapidly towards the end of the study period. The 10 year survival of cemented implants in patients aged 65 to 74 and 75 or older (93.8%, 95% confidence interval 93.6% to 94.0% and 95.9%, 95...

  16. The incidence of total hip arthroplasty after hip arthroscopy in osteoarthritic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haviv Barak

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To assess the incidence of total hip arthroplasty (THA in osteoarthritic patients who were treated by arthroscopic debridement and to evaluate factors that might influence the time interval from the first hip arthroscopy to THA. Design Retrospective clinical series Methods Follow-up data and surgical reports were retrieved from 564 records of osteoarthritic patients that have had hip arthroscopy between the years 2002 to 2009 with a mean follow-up time of 3.2 years (range, 1-6.4 years. The time interval between the first hip arthroscopy to THA was modelled as a function of patient age; level of cartilage damage; procedures performed and repeated arthroscopies with the use of multivariate regression analysis. Results Ninety (16% of all participants eventually required THA. The awaiting time from the first arthroscopy to a hip replacement was found to be longer in patients younger than 55 years and in a milder osteoarthritic stage. Patients that experienced repeated hip scopes had a longer time to THA than those with only a single procedure. Procedures performed concomitant with debridement and lavage did not affect the time interval to THA. Conclusions In our series of arthroscopic treatment of hip osteoarthritis, 16% required THA over a period of 7 years. Factors that influence the time to arthroplasty were age, degree of osteoarthritis and recurrent procedures.

  17. Diagnostic Utility of Total IgE in Foods, Inhalant, and Multiple Allergies in Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mughales, Jamil A

    2016-01-01

    Objective. To assess the diagnostic significance of total IgE in foods, inhalant, and multiple allergies. Methods. Retrospective review of the laboratory records of patients who presented with clinical suspicion of food or inhalant allergy between January 2013 and December 2014. Total IgE level was defined as positive for a value >195 kU/L; and diagnosis was confirmed by the detection of specific IgE (golden standard) for at least one food or inhalant allergen and at least two allergens in multiple allergies. Results. A total of 1893 (male ratio = 0.68, mean age = 39.0 ± 19.2 years) patients were included. Total IgE had comparable sensitivity (55.8% versus 59.6%) and specificity (83.9% versus 84.4%) in food versus inhalant allergy, respectively, but a superior PPV in inhalant allergy (79.1% versus 54.4%). ROC curve analysis showed a better diagnostic value in inhalant allergies (AUC = 0.817 (95% CI = 0.796-0.837) versus 0.770 (95% CI = 0.707-0.833)). In multiple allergies, total IgE had a relatively good sensitivity (78.6%), while negative IgE testing (allergies with 91.5% certitude. Conclusion. Total IgE assay is not efficient as a diagnostic test for foods, inhalant, or multiple allergies. The best strategy should refer to specific IgE testing guided by a comprehensive atopic history.

  18. TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY IN OSTEOPETROSIS – REPORT OF A CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zmago Krajnc

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Background. Authors introduced a case of a 27-year men with osteopetrosis with hip arthrosis. He has an autosomal – dominant form of disease and he needed total hip arthroplasty. There are seven cases described in literature with developed hip arthrosis by osteopetrosis.Methods. TEP implantation represents the greates surgical challenge in this patients, especially creation of intramedullary canal in femur and implantation of the femoral stem because of the very dense and brittle bones. This article describes the operative technique used in the case involved. It proved to be a very good solution.Results. The patient was released from the hospital ten days after implantation of total hip endoprosthesis. Three months after the operation the patient started to walk without aid of canes, he had non pain, and his range of motion was almost normal.Conclusions. Severe coxarthrosis is a rare complication of osteopetrosis. Great care must be taken with implantation of total hip endoprosthesis, especially with preparation of medular canal. It was recommended hand drilling under x-rays to exercise maximal control because reaming can cause false root of stem and greater probability of fracture.

  19. Two-Stage Cementless Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty for Infected Primary Hip Arthroplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camurcu, Yalkin; Sofu, Hakan; Buyuk, Abdul Fettah; Gursu, Sarper; Kaygusuz, Mehmet Akif; Sahin, Vedat

    2015-09-01

    The main purpose of the present study was to analyze the clinical features, the most common infective agents, and the results of two-stage total hip revision using a teicoplanin-impregnated spacer. Between January 2005 and July 2011, 41 patients were included. At the clinical status analysis, physical examination was performed, Harris hip score was noted, isolated microorganisms were recorded, and the radiographic evaluation was performed. The mean Harris hip score was improved from 38.9 ± 9.6 points to 81.8 ± 5.8 points (Phips. Radiographic evidence of stability was noted in 37 acetabular revision components, and all femoral stems. Two-stage revision of the infected primary hip arthroplasty is a time-consuming but a reliable procedure with high rates of success. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Probability and heritability estimates on primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skousgaard, Søren Glud; Hjelmborg, Jacob; Skytthe, Axel

    2015-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk and heritab......INTRODUCTION: Primary hip osteoarthritis, radiographic as well as symptomatic, is highly associated with increasing age in both genders. However, little is known about the mechanisms behind this, in particular if this increase is caused by genetic factors. This study examined the risk...... and heritability of primary osteoarthritis of the hip leading to a total hip arthroplasty, and if this heritability increased with increasing age. METHODS: In a nationwide population-based follow-up study 118,788 twins from the Danish Twin Register and 90,007 individuals from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register...... not have had a total hip arthroplasty at the time of follow-up. RESULTS: There were 94,063 twins eligible for analyses, comprising 835 cases of 36 concordant and 763 discordant twin pairs. The probability increased particularly from 50 years of age. After sex and age adjustment a significant additive...

  1. Hip Hip Hurrah! Hip size inversely related to heart disease and total mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heitmann, B L; Lissner, L

    2011-01-01

    obesity and/or waist circumference. These studies have been remarkable in terms of their consistency, and in the unexpected finding of an adverse effect of small hip size, after statistically correcting for differences in general and abdominal size. The hazard related to a small hip size may be stronger...... for women than men, but is evident in both genders. In this 'viewpoint', we wish to draw attention to the emerging body of evidence and to encourage researchers to continue collecting measures of lower body size in their surveys....

  2. Functional rehabilitation after total hip arthroplasty with uncemented prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae-Bogdan Negru-Aman

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Arthritis is a disease that acts irreversibly on joint surfaces with significant consequences especially in the third quarter of life. About 7% of our population is affected by arthritis localized at a certain level and stage of development, and this percentage is expected to reach a much higher value in future years. Aim: The aim of this study is to propose a rehabilitation program for functional recovery after total hip arthroplasty and a set of recommendations for post surgery period. Material and methods: There were included 13 subjects (10 female and 3 male aged between 51 and 78 years old, ready for total hip arthroplasty with uncemented prosthesis. The subjects were selected in Orthopaedics and Traumatology department of Military Clinical Emergency Hospital ”Dr. Victor Popescu” Timisoara. The evaluations regarding programs’ efficiency were made using 3 questionnaires (Oxford Hip Score, Harris Hip Score, Outcome Hip Score and goniometry. The subjects were tested initially before the surgery and 3 times after (at one month, at 3 months and at 6 months. Results: The results showed a remarcable increase for the scores of majority, in both questionnaire and goniometry values. Conclusions: functional rehabilitation exercises proved to be particularly important in regaining independence, control of the prosthetic leg, pain reduction and functional and social reintegration.

  3. Is serum total IgE levels a good predictor of allergies in children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satwani, Hema; Rehman, Arshalooz; Ashraf, Sohail; Hassan, Anwar

    2009-10-01

    To study the role of Serum Total IgE levels as a marker of allergy and to see its association with different host and environmental factors, its association with different systemic allergies and with the increased allergic systemic involvement. A cross sectional comparative study was conducted at Liaquat National Hospital Paediatric Medicine Unit and Outpatient Clinic, from December 2007 to October 2008. Two hundred and fifty eight children in the age group 6 months to 12 years meeting the inclusion criteria, were enrolled for the study. Complete blood count and serum total IgE levels were done in all patients. Data was collected and tabulated. Chi-square was applied to test the association of serum Total IgE levels with different variables using SPSS and p-value of 0.05), though the correlation of serum total IgE levels was seen with weight of the patient (p children. Among environmental factors serum total IgE levels had a strong association with exposure to passive smoking (p allergies, skin allergy (0.608), food allergy (p allergies with serum IgE levels. Serum total IgE level is a good predictor of allergy in children. It is influenced by early weaning, early bottle feeding, exposure to passive smoking, pollen, cold, and pets and is associated with blood eosinophilia. Also serum total IgE level is a strong predictor of allergy in asthmatic children.

  4. Allergies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and pollen from grass, ragweed, and trees. Foods. Food allergies are most common in babies and may go away as people get older. Although some food allergies can be serious, many just cause annoying symptoms ...

  5. Total hip replacement for Mseleni Joint Disease undertaken in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Total hip replacement for Mseleni Joint Disease undertaken in a rural hospital: five-year follow-up. Abstract. Objective: The objective of this project was to ascertain whether it is reasonable to perform specialist surgery for Mseleni Joint Disease (MJD) in a rural hospital by assessing the medium- term outcome of surgery for ...

  6. Recovery of gait after short-stay total hip arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker-Scheek, Inge; Stevens, Martin; Bulstra, Sjoerd K.; Groothoff, Johan W.; van Horn, Jim R.; Zijlstra, Wiebren

    Objective: To describe recovery of gait after total hip arthroplasty (THA) based on the assessment of spatiotemporal gait parameters determined with an ambulatory system. Design: A 6-month inception cohort study. Setting: Inpatient and outpatient setting in an academic hospital. Participants:

  7. Risk factors for renal dysfunction after total hip joint replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hassan, Basim Kamil; Sahlström, Arne; Dessau, Ram Benny Christian

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Renal injury and dysfunction are serious complications after major surgery, which may lead to increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of our study was to identify the possible risk factors for renal dysfunction after total hip joint replacement surgery....... METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among 599 consecutive primary hip joint replacements performed between January 2011 and December 2013. According to the RIFLE criteria, increased postoperative serum creatinine was considered indicative of postoperative renal injury. The Welch two-sample test...

  8. Constrained liners for recurrent dislocations in total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, R; Ovesen, O; Kjaersgaard-Andersen, P

    2009-01-01

    This study reports the results and complications from treating recurrent hip dislocations with a constrained liner (CL) after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Forty patients who had a CL inserted as a secondary prophylactic treatment were retrospectively reviewed after a median observation period...... of 27 months (range 7-77 months). During the observation period five patients had to be revised: one for deep infection and four on account of re-dislocations. Our results indicate that patients with recurrent THA dislocations can be treated with a CL and has a satisfactory low complication rate...

  9. History and factors of survival of total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolundžić, Robert; Trkulja, Vladimir; Orlić, Dubravko

    2012-02-01

    Since the 1960s total hip arthroplasty (THA) has represented one of the greatest accomplishments in orthopedic surgery. It improves the functionality, working ability and quality of life of patients with non-functional hip joint due to various reasons. This article reviews general and regional history of THA, current knowledge and concepts regarding the long-term outcomes of the procedure and emphasizes the need for establishing national (and international) THA registries as an essential way of gathering data critical for decision making in daily practice as well as in defining national healthcare policies in respect to arthroplasty procedures.

  10. Alumina-on-Polyethylene Bearing Surfaces in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Yup Lee; Kim, Shin-Yoon

    2010-02-11

    The long-term durability of polyethylene lining total hip arthroplasty (THA) mainly depends on periprosthetic osteolysis due to wear particles, especially in young active patients. In hip simulator study, reports revealed significant wear reduction of the alumina ceramic-on-polyethylene articulation of THA compared with metal-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces. However, medium to long-term clinical studies of THA using the alumina ceramic-on-polyethylene are few and the reported wear rate of this articulation is variable. We reviewed the advantages and disadvantages of ceramicon- polyethylene articulation in THA, hip simulator study and retrieval study for polyethylene wear, in vivo clinical results of THA using alumina ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing surfaces in the literature, and new trial alumina ceramic-onhighly cross linked polyethylene bearing surfaces.

  11. Total femoral allograft with simultaneous revision total hip and knee arthroplasty: 18 year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan N. Harris, DO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Massive allograft can be a useful option in revision total joint arthroplasty for treatment of significant bone loss. In rare cases, revision hip and knee arthroplasty procedures can be performed simultaneously using massive allograft-prosthetic composites. We present an 18 year follow up of a patient who received a simultaneous revision hip and knee total femoral allograft and discuss recent literature as it relates to this case.

  12. Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty in 20 Years Old Female with Neglected Developmental Dysplasia of Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Saurabh; Jain, Jitesh K; Sharma, Rajeev K

    2014-01-01

    Management of developmental dysplasia of hip in adult is challenging problem. Management protocols are not well defined in terms of operative technique. Patient may present very late. Usually they consult orthopaedic surgeons when osteoarthritic changes set in, leading to pain. Operative management is difficult because of difficult exposure, altered anatomy of soft tissue structures, hypoplastic femoral medullary canal and shallow and atypical acetabulum filled with soft tissues. Femoral head is up-ridden with contracted Abductors which resists reduction of femoral head into acetabulum. Altered anatomy of neurovascular structures also pose a risk of being injured during surgery. Here we are presenting a case of bilateral total hip arthroplasty in 20 years old female with developmental dysplasia of hip and sharing our experience of its operative management. We concluded from this case study that total hip arthroplasty in developmental dysplasia of hip is technically demanding but gives good functional and clinical result. For getting functionally good result contracted soft tissues around joint need special attention.

  13. Total hip arthroplasty through a minimal posterior approach using imageless computer-assisted hip navigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wixson, Richard L; MacDonald, Margot A

    2005-10-01

    With decreased exposure in a minimal posterior hip incision, navigation with computer assistance provides an alternative method to accurately place the components. This study compares the results of a series of 82 navigated total hips to a retrospective cohort of 50 hips done with conventional instruments. The surgical incision split the gluteus maximus but did not extend distally into the fascia. The goal of cup placement was 40 degrees to 45 degrees of abduction (ABD) and 17 degrees to 23 degrees of flexion (FLX). Postoperative radiographs were digitized and analyzed. In the study group, 82 hips were done with computer assistance and compared with 50 done with conventional methods (manual) through the same incision. Radiographic analysis showed that there were significantly fewer cases inside the desired range of ABD and FLX in the manual group (6%) compared with the navigation group (30%), P = .001, with significant differences in the variances of ABD and FLX (P = .011 and .028). Improved accuracy of cup placement was found with increased experience in the use of navigation by the surgeon over the time of the series. The use of a computer-assisted surgery navigation system with a minimal posterior incision for a total hip arthroplasty results in significantly more reproducible acetabular component placement.

  14. Arthroscopic treatment of iliopsoas impingement (IPI) after total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerosch, Jorg; Neuhäuser, Christian; Sokkar, Sherif M

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of the study was to present our arthroscopic surgical technique and the results in patient with an iliopsoas impingement (IPI) syndrome after a hip replacement. Between 1999 and 2011, 35 patients with the clinical picture of an IPI after total hip replacement were diagnosed and treated arthroscopically. The age was ranged from 58 to 82 years. All patients underwent conservative treatment for at least 6 months without success. The indication for the arthroscopic procedure was the failure of the conservative therapy as well as typical clinical signs as painful hip flexion, a positive local anesthesia test and radiological evidence of the presence of a prominent anterior acetabular component. The arthroscopic treatment was performed in all patients with anterior capsulotomy and partial capsulectomy of the hip joint. After identification of the pathology an arthroscopic release of the iliopsoas tendon in the region of the proved lesion was performed. The average follow-up period was 3.6 years (6 months to 12 years). In all patients osseous integrated acetabular components were found. In six cases there was a surface replacement, in three cases it was a cementless screw-in cup and in the other three cases it was a cementless modular press-fit cup. 8 out of 12 patients suffered from a hip dysplasia with a secondary osteoarthritis. After establishing an anterior capsular window arthroscopically, the iliopsoas tendon could be visualized in all cases. In addition to multiple local tendinitis all patients already showed mechanical limitation with partial rupture of variable extent in the iliopsoas tendon. During the arthroscopy the lesion was detected at the level of the anterior prominent acetabular component as well as distal to it. 10 out of 12 patients reported immediately after postoperative mobilization that the typical preoperative complaints have disappeared. Two patients still had residual pain. In one of those patients this was relieved by the time

  15. Financial impact of a capitation matrix system on total knee and total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Benjamin; Fankhauser, Richard A; Fowler, Terry

    2009-08-01

    Total hip and total knee arthroplasty are high-volume surgical procedures that have a substantial economic impact for the healthcare system. This study analyzes the financial effect of a capitation matrix system on total knee and total hip implant costs over a 1-year period at a community hospital system. The matrix implant levels were based on implant characteristics, correlating increased technological sophistication of the various implants with increased but capitated payment to vendors. In the first year after the implementation of the matrix system, implant costs for the hospital decreased by 26.1% per implant for 369 total hip procedures and also by 26.1% per implant for 934 total knee procedures.

  16. Effect of total hip arthroplasty on recreational and sporting activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterji, Urjit; Ashworth, Mark J; Lewis, Peter L; Dobson, Peter J

    2004-06-01

    Common concerns of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty are whether they can continue with certain recreational and sporting activities or even commence new ones after the procedure. The present paper describes preoperative and postoperative activities, the numbers participating and the time to resume these activities. Between 1 and 2 years after total hip arthroplasty, 216 patients, who had undergone a total of 235 arthroplasties, were surveyed by postal questionnaire to ascertain how the arthroplasty had affected their recreational and sporting ability. Their preoperative and postoperative activity along with the time to resume was recorded. A general hip score and estimate of physical activity was also collected. The number of patients participating in sport increased from 188 preoperatively to 196 postoperatively. Patients stated that the surgery had a beneficial effect on their performance of sporting activities although the number of sporting events decreased. By multiplying individuals by the number of sports they participated in, there were 434 occurrences of sport preoperatively giving a mean for the group of 1.9 sports per patient. Postoperatively this had reduced to 382, giving a mean of 1.7. Five sports showed a significant change for individual patients from pre to postoperation. Those which showed an increase were exercise walking, where 38 patients (16.8%) who did not walk before surgery took up walking afterwards (P aqua aerobics, where 15 took up this activity postoperatively for the first time (P = 0.002). There were three sports which decreased significantly from pre to postoperation. They were, golf where 13 out of 39 (P = 0.005), tennis 13 out of 14 (P = 0.01) and jogging where six out of seven (P = 0.01) patients stopped participating. This study has shown that patients are adopting lower impact activities to participate in after total hip arthroplasty. The total number of patients performing a sport increases postoperatively but the

  17. Psychological factors as risk factors for poor hip function after total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benditz A

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Achim Benditz,1 Petra Jansen,2 Jan Schaible,1 Christina Roll,1 Joachim Grifka,1 Jürgen Götz1 1Department of Orthopedics, University Medical Center Regensburg, Asklepios Klinikum Bad Abbach, Bad Abbach, 2Department of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany Abstract: Recovery after total hip arthroplasty (THA is influenced by several psychological aspects, such as depression, anxiety, resilience, and personality traits. We hypothesized that preoperative depression impedes early functional outcome after THA (primary outcome measure. Additional objectives were perioperative changes in the psychological status and their influence on perioperative outcome. This observational study analyzed depression, anxiety, resilience, and personality traits in 50 patients after primary unilateral THA. Hip functionality was measured by means of the Harris Hip Score. Depression, state anxiety, and resilience were evaluated preoperatively as well as 1 and 5 weeks postoperatively. Trait anxiety and personality traits were measured once preoperatively. Patients with low depression and anxiety levels had significantly better outcomes with respect to early hip functionality. Resilience and personality traits did not relate to hip functionality. Depression and state anxiety levels significantly decreased within the 5-week stay in the acute and rehabilitation clinic, whereas resilience remained at the same level. Our study suggests that low depression and anxiety levels are positively related to early functionality after THA. Therefore, perioperative measurements of these factors seem to be useful to provide the best support for patients with risk factors. Keywords: total hip arthroplasty, psychological factors, depression, state anxiety, trait anxiety, resilience, personality traits

  18. Correlations between the Harris Hip Score and the Visual Analogue Scale in the assessment of total hip replacement in hip dysplasia

    OpenAIRE

    S.G Zuh; Ö. Nagy; Ancuța Zazgyva; O.M. Russu; I. Gergely; T.S. Pop

    2014-01-01

    Total hip replacement is one of the most frequently performed orthopaedic interventions that can significantly improve the functional status and the quality of life of patients suffering from hip arthrosis. Recently patient satisfaction and patient-reported results of total hip arthroplasty are increasingly emphasised as important tools for the assessments of these interventions. For patients with arthrosis secondary to hip dysplasia, these evaluations can be more difficult, due to younger ag...

  19. Rigid Patient Positioning is Unreliable in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milone, Michael T; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Meere, Patrick A; Carroll, Kaitlin M; Jerabek, Seth A; Vigdorchik, Jonathan

    2017-06-01

    To our knowledge, no study has assessed the ability of rigid patient positioning devices to afford arthroplasty surgeons with ideal acetabular orientation throughout surgery. The purpose of this study is to use robotic arm-assisted computer navigation to assess the reliability of pelvic position in total hip arthroplasty performed on patients positioned with rigid positioning devices. A prospective cohort of 100 hips (94 patients) underwent robotic-guided total hip arthroplasty in the lateral decubitus position from the posterior approach, 77 stabilized by universal lateral positioner, and 23 by peg board. Before reaming, computed tomography-templated computer software generated true values of pelvic anteversion and inclination based on the position of the robot arm registered to the patient's preoperative pelvic computed tomography. Mean alteration in anteversion and inclination values was 1.7° (absolute value, 5.3°; range, -20° to 20°) and 1.6° (absolute value, 2.6°; range, -8° to 10°), respectively. And 22% of anteversion values were altered by >10° and 41% by >5°. There was no difference between hip positioners used (P = .36). Anteversion variability was correlated with body mass index (P = .02). Despite the use of rigid patient positioning devices-a lateral hip positioner or peg board-this study reveals clinically important malposition of the pelvis in many cases, especially with regard to anteversion. These results show a clear need to pay particular attention to anatomic landmarks or computer-assisted techniques to assure accurate acetabular cup positioning. Patient positioning should not be solely trusted. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Tranexamic Acid Reduces Blood Transfusions in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kwan J; Couch, Cory G; Edwards, Paul K; Siegel, Eric R; Mears, Simon C; Barnes, C Lowry

    2016-12-01

    The use of tranexamic acid (TEA) can significantly reduce the need for allogenic blood transfusions in elective primary joint arthroplasty. Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) requires increased utilization of postoperative blood transfusions for acute blood loss anemia compared with elective primary hip arthroplasty. There is limited literature to support the routine use of TEA in revision THA. We performed a retrospective review of 161 consecutive patients who underwent revision THA from 2012 to 2014 at a single institution by 2 fellowship-trained surgeons. We compared the transfusion requirements and the postoperative hemoglobin drop of the TEA group (109 patients, 114 hips) vs the no-TEA group (52 patients, 56 hips). Our standard protocol for administering TEA is 1000 mg IV at incision and the same dose repeated 2 hours later. The no-TEA group did not receive the medication because of previous hospital contraindication criteria. The transfusion rate was significantly less for the TEA group (7%) compared with the no-TEA group (34%; P revision THA demonstrated a significant reduction in allogenic blood transfusion rates. The postoperative hemoglobin drop was also significantly less with the use of TEA. We recommend the routine use of TEA during revision THA. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Total replace of hip attended by computer navigation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arango Pilonieta, Cesar; Arroyo Sanchez, Carlos

    2006-01-01

    Optimal position of the acetabular cup is essential for the good outcome of the total hip replacement. The safe zone between 45 +/- 10 degrees of inclination and 15 +/- degrees of anteversion of the cup is a not achieve in approximately 42% of the cases even by experienced surgeons. We perform a retrospective, observational study analyzing the inclination and anteversion of the acetabular cup during procedures of total hip replacements assisted by computer navigation. Twenty patients were evaluated regarding the final orientation of the cup. In all of them the safe zone were achieved with differences of 2 degrees of inclination and 3 degrees anteversion compared with the intraoperative data of computer navigation. This is a useful, easy and reproducible technique that helps the surgeon to improve the accuracy of the orientation of the acetabular, decreasing the risk of complications and improving prostheses longevity

  2. [Modern tribology in total hip arthroplasty: pros and cons].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-García, F

    2014-01-01

    The wear products and adverse reactions that occur on bearing surfaces represent one of the greatest challenges in prosthetic replacements, as the latter experience increasing demands due to the large number of young and older adult patients that have a long life expectancy and remarkable activity. The purpose of this review is to analyze the pros and cons of the new advances in the bearing components of the articular surfaces of current total hip arthroplasties. We also discuss the strategies used historically, their problems, results and the surgeon's role in prescribing the tribologic couple that best fits each patient's needs. We conclude with practical recommendations for the prescription and management of the latest articular couples for total hip arthroplasty.

  3. Vibroacoustography for the assessment of total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermes A.S. Kamimura

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This paper proposes imaging with 3-dimensional vibroacoustography for postoperatively assessing the uncovered cup area after total hip arthroplasty as a quantitative criterion to evaluate implant fixation. METHODS: A phantom with a bone-like structure covered by a tissue-mimicking material was used to simulate a total hip arthroplasty case. Vibroacoustography images of the uncovered cup region were generated using a two-element confocal ultrasound transducer and a hydrophone inside a water tank. Topological correction based on the geometry of the implant was performed to generate a 3-dimensional representation of the vibroacoustography image and to accurately evaluate the surface. The 3-dimensional area obtained by the vibroacoustography approach was compared to the area evaluated by a 3-dimensional motion capture system. RESULTS: The vibroacoustography technique provided high-resolution, high-contrast, and speckle-free images with less sensitivity to the beam incidence. Using a 3-dimensional-topology correction of the image, we accurately estimated the uncovered area of the implant with a relative error of 8.1% in comparison with the motion capture system measurements. CONCLUSION: Measurement of the cup coverage after total hip arthroplasty has not been well established; however, the covered surface area of the acetabular component is one of the most important prognostic factors. The preliminary results of this study show that vibroacoustography is a 3-dimensional approach that can be used to postoperatively evaluate total hip arthroplasty. The favorable results also provide an impetus for exploring vibroacoustography in other bone or implant surface imaging applications.

  4. Can pelvic tilting be ignored in total hip arthroplasty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Won Yong Shon

    2014-01-01

    CONCLUSION: The sagittal position of pelvis is a key factor in impingement and dislocation after total hip arthroplasty. Pelvic tilting affects the position of acetabular component in the sagittal plane of the body as compared with its anatomic position in the pelvis. We suggest a preoperative lateral view of spine-pelvis, in upright and supine position for evaluation of a corrective adaptation of the acetabular cup accordingly with pelvic balance.

  5. Total hip arthroplasty with cementless cup after acetabular fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Alfonso Lugones

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background Acetabular fractures are a common cause of degenerative hip arthritis. The incidence of post-traumatic osteoarthritis has been reported between 12% and 57% and avascular necrosis of the femoral head may occur in 2% to 40% after posterior fracture dislocation. The fracture is often caused by major trauma in road accidents, at work or during sports, and patients usually present for total hip replacement (THR at an earlier age than the general arthritic population. We describe and analyze our patients with uncemented acetabular reconstruction in post-traumatic arthritis and compare them with THR in non-traumatic arthritis. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 19 patients who underwent uncemented acetabular reconstruction due to post-traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture. Results The average age at the time of arthroplasty was 52.2 years (19-83. The age at the time of fracture was 47.9 years (16-81. The average time between the acetabular fracture and THR was 52.4 months (4-360. The average follow-up was 4.25 years. No acetabular component loosening or infections were seen in either group. The Harris Hip Score at an average follow-up of 4.25 years was 89.3 (57-99. The follow-up in the control group with non-traumatic arthritis was 4.9 years, and the Harris Hip Score was 94.1 points (78-100. There were no significant difference in the Harris Hip Score between groups (p = 0.24. Conclusion Uncemented acetabular reconstruction in post-traumatic arthritis secondary to acetabular fracture is a more difficult procedure than routine arthroplasty in patient with non-traumatic arthritis. In the short-term there are no clinical or radiographic differences in THR with uncemented acetabular cups in post-traumatic arthritis patients compared to patients with non-traumatic arthritis.

  6. Alternative outcome measures in young total hip arthroplasty patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klit, Jakob; Jacobsen, Steffen; Schmiegelow, Victoria

    2015-01-01

    In this prospective multicentre cohort study we studied subjects younger than 60 years of age scheduled for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). The study assessed patients' overall satisfaction, fulfillment of preoperative expectations, the effect on socioeconomic parameters, and quality of sex......-life. Questionnaires including Oxford Hip Score (OHS) and SF-36 were evaluated preoperatively and 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. OHS and SF-36 showed significant improvements (ppatients' socioeconomic status. Increased frequency of intercourse or better...... abilities in intercourse positions were experienced by 18 of 39 females due to reduced pain and increased range of motion. Patients sexually active before THA surgery remained active. These findings constitute important new information to young patients and surgeons during the decision making process....

  7. Total Hip Arthroplasty – over 100 years of operative history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen Richard Knight

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Total hip arthroplasty (THA has completely revolutionised the nature in which the arthritic hip is treated, and is considered to be one of the most successful orthopaedic interventions of its generation (1. With over 100 years of operative history, this review examines the progression of the operation from its origins, together with highlighting the materials and techniques that have contributed to its development. Knowledge of its history contributes to a greater understanding of THA, such as the reasons behind selection of prosthetic materials in certain patient groups, while demonstrating the importance of critically analyzing research to continually determine best operative practice. Finally, we describe current areas of research being undertaken to further advance techniques and improve outcomes.

  8. Pain and somatosensory findings in patients 3 years after total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nikolajsen, Lone; Kristensen, Anders D; Thillemann, Theis M

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chronic hip pain after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a significant problem, but the aetiology remains unclear. AIMS: To determine sensory function in patients with chronic hip pain 3 years after THA. Patients without hip pain after THA served as controls. METHODS: Eighteen patients ...

  9. Low revision rate after total hip arthroplasty in patients with pediatric hip diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background The results of primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) after pediatric hip diseases such as developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), or Perthes’ disease have been reported to be inferior to the results after primary osteoarthritis of the hip (OA). Materials and methods We compared the survival of primary THAs performed during the period 1995–2009 due to previous DDH, SCFE, Perthes’ disease, or primary OA, using merged individual-based data from the Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish arthroplasty registers, called the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA). Cox multiple regression, with adjustment for age, sex, and type of fixation of the prosthesis was used to calculate the survival of the prostheses and the relative revision risks. Results 370,630 primary THAs were reported to these national registers for 1995–2009. Of these, 14,403 THAs (3.9%) were operated due to pediatric hip diseases (3.1% for Denmark, 8.8% for Norway, and 1.9% for Sweden) and 288,435 THAs (77.8%) were operated due to OA. Unadjusted 10-year Kaplan-Meier survival of THAs after pediatric hip diseases (94.7% survival) was inferior to that after OA (96.6% survival). Consequently, an increased risk of revision for hips with a previous pediatric hip disease was seen (risk ratio (RR) 1.4, 95% CI: 1.3–1.5). However, after adjustment for differences in sex and age of the patients, and in fixation of the prostheses, no difference in survival was found (93.6% after pediatric hip diseases and 93.8% after OA) (RR 1.0, CI: 1.0–1.1). Nevertheless, during the first 6 postoperative months more revisions were reported for THAs secondary to pediatric hip diseases (RR 1.2, CI: 1.0–1.5), mainly due to there being more revisions for dislocations (RR 1.8, CI: 1.4–2.3). Comparison between the different diagnosis groups showed that the overall risk of revision after DDH was higher than after OA (RR 1.1, CI: 1.0–1.2), whereas the combined

  10. Revision hip arthroplasty in patients with a previous total hip replacement for osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Youn-Soo; Moon, Young-Wan; Lee, Keun-Ho; Lim, Seung-Jae

    2014-12-01

    Patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head are typically relatively young and active and often require high rates of revision after primary total hip arthroplasty. However, outcomes of revision hip arthroplasty in this patient population have rarely been reported in the literature. The authors conducted a retrospective review of 72 patients (75 hips) who underwent revision hip arthroplasty with a primary diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Mean age at index revision was 53.3 years (range, 34-76). Components of acetabular revision included a cementless porous-coated cup in 58 hips and an acetabular cage in 3 hips. Components of femoral revision included a fully grit-blasted tapered stem in 30 hips and a proximally porous-coated modular stem in 9 hips. Mean duration of follow-up was 7 years (range, 3-17). Mean Harris Hip Score improved from 49 points preoperatively to 90 points postoperatively. At final follow-up, 11 hips (14.7%) required reoperation because of aseptic loosening (6 hips), infection (2 hips), recurrent dislocation (1 hip), periprosthetic fracture (1 hip), and ceramic fracture (1 hip). Kaplan-Meier survivor-ship with an endpoint of re-revision for any reason was 81% and for mechanical failure was 87.5% for the cup and 100% for the stem at 10 years. Unlike the previous report, the authors' study showed a lower failure rate of the femoral stem after revision hip arthroplasty using modern cementless femoral components in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Aseptic cup loosening or osteolysis is the most common mechanism of failure at medium-term follow-up. Copyright 2014, SLACK Incorporated.

  11. Challenges in Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Setting of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greber, Eric M; Pelt, Christopher E; Gililland, Jeremy M; Anderson, Mike B; Erickson, Jill A; Peters, Christopher L

    2017-09-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a recognized cause of secondary arthritis, which may eventually lead to total hip arthroplasty (THA). An understanding of the common acetabular and femoral morphologic abnormalities will aid the surgeon in preparing for the complexity of the surgical case. We present the challenges associated with acetabular and femoral morphologies that may be present in the dysplastic hip and discuss surgical options to consider when performing THA. In addition, common complications associated with this population are reviewed. The complexity of THA in the DDH patient is due to a broad range of pathomorphologic changes of the acetabulum and femur, as well as the diverse and often younger age of these patients. As such, THA in the DDH patient may offer a typical primary hip arthroplasty or be a highly complex reconstruction. It is important to be familiar with all the subtleties associated with DDH in the THA population. The surgeon must be prepared for bone deficiency when reconstructing the acetabulum and should place the component low and medial (at the anatomic hip center), and avoid oversizing the acetabular component. Femoral dysplasia is also complex and variable, and the surgeon must be prepared for different stem choices that allow for decoupling of the metaphyseal stem fit from the implanted stem version. In Crowe III and IV dysplasia, femoral derotation/shortening osteotomy may be required. Many complications associated with THA in the DDH patient may be mitigated with careful planning and surgical technique. Performed correctly, THA can yield excellent results in this complex patient population. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Hybrid SPECT/CT for the assessment of a painful hip after uncemented total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobrindt, Oliver; Amthauer, Holger; Krueger, Alexander; Ruf, Juri; Wissel, Heiko; Grosser, Oliver S; Seidensticker, Max; Lohmann, Christoph H

    2015-01-01

    The diagnosis of hip pain after total hip replacement (THR) represents a highly challenging question that is of increasing concern to orthopedic surgeons. This retrospective study assesses bone scintigraphy with Hybrid SPECT/CT for the diagnosis of painful THR in a selected cohort of patients. Bone SPECT/CT datasets of 23 patients (mean age 68.9 years) with a painful hip after THR were evaluated. Selection of the patients required an inconclusive radiograph, normal serum levels of inflammatory parameters (CRP and ESR) or a negative aspiration of the hip joint prior to the examination. The standard of reference was established by an interdisciplinary adjudication-panel using all imaging data and clinical follow-up data (>12 month). Pathological and physiological uptake patterns were defined and applied. The cause of pain in this study group could be determined in 18 out of 23 cases. Reasons were aseptic loosening (n = 5), spine-related (n = 5), heterotopic ossification (n = 5), neuronal (n = 1), septic loosening (n = 1) and periprosthetic stress fracture (n = 1). In (n = 5) cases the cause of hip pain could not be identified. SPECT/CT imaging correctly identified the cause of pain in (n = 13) cases, in which the integrated CT-information led to the correct diagnosis in (n = 4) cases, mainly through superior anatomic correlation. Loosening was correctly assessed in all cases with a definite diagnosis. SPECT/CT of THA reliably detects or rules out loosening and provides valuable information about heterotopic ossifications. Furthermore differential diagnoses may be detected with a whole-body scan and mechanical or osseous failure is covered by CT-imaging. SPECT/CT holds great potential for imaging-based assessment of painful prostheses

  13. Clinical Outcomes and 90-Day Costs Following Hemiarthroplasty or Total Hip Arthroplasty for Hip Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, Christine I; Vose, Joshua G; Nunley, Ryan M

    2017-09-01

    In the era of bundled payments, many hospitals are responsible for costs from admission through 90 days postdischarge. Although bundled episodes for hip fracture will have a separate target price for the bundle, little is known about the 90-day resource use burden for this patient population. Using Medicare 100% Standard Analytic Files (2010-2014), we identified patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patients were aged 65 and older with admitting diagnosis of closed hip fracture, no concurrent fractures of the lower limb, and no history of hip surgery in the prior 12 months baseline. Continuous Medicare-only enrollment was required. Complications, resource use, and mortality from admission through 90 days following discharge (follow-up) were summarized. Four cohorts met selection criteria for analysis: (1) hemiarthroplasty diagnosis-related group (DRG) 469 (N = 19,634), (2) hemiarthroplasty DRG 470 (N = 77,744), (3) THA DRG 469 (N = 1686), and (4) THA DRG 470 (N = 9314). All-cause mortality during the study period was 51.6%, 29.5%, 48.1%, and 24.9% with mean 90-day costs of $28,952, $19,243, $29,763, and $18,561, respectively. Most of the patients waited 1 day from admission to surgery (41%-51%). Incidence of an all-cause complication was approximately 70% in each DRG 469 cohort and 14%-16% in each DRG 470 cohort. This study confirms patients with hip fracture are a costly subpopulation. Tailored care pathways to minimize post-acute care resource use are warranted for these patients. Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Does total hip replacement affect sexual quality of life?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harmsen, Rita Th E; Haanstra, Tsjitske M; Sierevelt, Inger N; Jansma, Elise P; Nolte, Peter A; Nicolai, Melianthe P J; Wall, Peter D H; Van Royen, Barend J

    2016-05-04

    Total Hip Replacement (THR) is an effective treatment for end-stage hip osteoarthritis. Since the introduction of total joint replacement, the effect on the Sexual Quality of Life (SQoL) following THR has been addressed in scant studies. The aim of our study was to systematically review the literature, to summarise effects of THR on patients' SQoL. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO between January 1970 and February 9th, 2015 with search terms including Total Hip, Osteoarthritis, SQoL, and THR. Eligible studies were identified and two independent authors extracted data including details of SQoL, study quality and risk of bias. There were 12 eligible studies, which included a total of 2099 patients with an age range of 20-85 years. The methodological quality of ten studies was rated as low, and of two as moderate. Amongst the majority of patients, SQoL improved after surgery, both in terms of physical-functional and psychosocial well-being. However, changes between pre-operative and postoperative SQoL ranged extensively: for example, Sexual Dysfunction Δ 8-51% and Sexual Activity (SA) Δ 0-77%. Three studies reported that some patients never resumed SA again after surgery. In over 40 years of THR treatment, scant studies have examined the effect of THR on patients' SQoL. This review suggests that SQol improves after THR, although the magnitude of effects varies highly. However, the quality of the supporting evidence was rated as low to moderate. This suggests a need for more high quality evidence about the effects of THR on SQoL.

  15. Dislocation and its recurrence after revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimoto, Kensei; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Yamamoto, Takuaki; Fukushi, Jun-Ichi; Motomura, Goro; Ohishi, Masanobu; Hamai, Satoshi; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2016-08-01

    Dislocation is a leading cause of failure after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study was conducted to examine the risk factors for dislocation as well as their recurrence after revision THA. We retrospectively reviewed 178 revision THAs in 162 patients between 1998 and 2013. The mean patient age was 65.2 years at operation and the mean follow-up period was 6.7 years. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for dislocation, and further comparison was made between patients with single and recurrent dislocations. Sixteen hips in 15 patients (9.0 %) dislocated at a mean of 9.1 months (range, 0-83 months) after revision THA. Multivariate analysis identified advanced age (odds ratio [OR] = 2.94/10 years) and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (OR = 7.71) as the independent risk factors for any dislocations. Risk factors for recurrent dislocations, which were observed in eight hips (50 %), were later dislocations (≥4 months) and lower BMI. Dislocation is a serious problem after revision THA with multiple risk factors. Although our findings were limited to revision THAs done through posterolateral approach, recognition of these factors is helpful in patient education and surgical planning.

  16. The Influence of Body Mass Index and Hip Anatomy on Direct Anterior Approach Total Hip Replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sang, Weilin; Zhu, Libo; Ma, Jinzhong; Lu, Haiming; Wang, Cong

    2016-01-01

    To investigate the influence of body mass index (BMI) and hip anatomy on direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip replacement. The study is a retrospective analysis of 124 cases of DAA total hip replacement from 2009 to 2012. The BMI, the ratio of the greater trochanter (GT) and anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) bilaterally (GT/ASIS), and the vertical distance between the ASIS and GT (AGVD) were obtained from medical records. All cases were categorized into three groups (43, 49, and 32 cases in each group, respectively) based on BMI (BMI 25) or divided into two groups based on GT/ASIS (≤1.17 or >1.17) or AGVD (≤86 or >86 mm). Operating time, intraoperative bleeding, and surgical complications were compared between different groups. A longer average operating time, more intraoperative bleeding, and a higher rate of complications were observed in the group with the highest BMI. The complications included a case of intraoperative femur fracture, a wound hematoma, and a lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury. The group with higher GT/ASIS had a shorter average operating time, less bleeding, and a lower complication rate than the group with lower GT/ASIS. Moreover, the group with higher AGVD showed a shorter average operating time, less bleeding, and a lower complication rate compared with the group with lower AGVD. Our study suggests that lower BMI and larger GT/ASIS and AGVD are associated with a shorter operating time, less bleeding, and a lower complication rate in DAA total hip replacement. These findings are valuable for clinicians to make the appropriate choice of surgery types for different individuals. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  17. Computer assisted navigation in total knee and hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deep Kamal

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Computer assisted surgery was pioneered in early 1990s. The first computer assisted surgery (CAS total knee replacement with an imageless system was carried out in 1997. In the past 25 years, CAS has progressed from experimental in vitro studies to established in vivo surgical procedures. Methods: A comprehensive body of evidence establishing the advantages of computer assisted surgery in knee and hip arthroplasty is available. Established benefits have been demonstrated including its role as an excellent research tool. Its advantages include dynamic pre-operative and per-operative assessment, increased accuracy in correction of deformities, kinematics and mechanical axis, a better alignment of components, better survival rates of prostheses and a better functional outcome. Adoption of computer navigation in the hip arthroplasty is still at an early stage compared to knee arthroplasty, though the results are well documented. Evidence suggests improved accuracy in acetabular orientation, positioning, hip offset and leg length correction. Results: Among the orthopaedic surgeons, navigated knee arthroplasty is gaining popularity though slowly. The uptake rates vary from country to country. The Australian joint registry data shows increased navigated knee arthroplasty from 2.4% in 2003 to 28.6% in 2015 and decreased revision rates with navigated knee arthroplasty in comparison with traditional instrumented knee arthroplasty in patient cohort under the age of 55 years. Conclusion: Any new technology has a learning curve and with practice the navigation assisted knee and hip arthroplasty becomes easy. We have actively followed the evidence of CAS in orthopaedics and have successfully adopted it in our routine practice over the last decades. Despite the cautious inertia of orthopaedic surgeons to embrace CAS more readily; we are certain that computer technology has a pivotal role in lower limb arthroplasty. It will evolve to become a

  18. Patient-reported allergies cause inferior outcomes after total knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinarejos, Pedro; Ferrer, Tulia; Leal, Joan; Torres-Claramunt, Raul; Sánchez-Soler, Juan; Monllau, Joan Carles

    2016-10-01

    The main objective of this study was to analyse the outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) of a group of patients with at least one self-reported allergy and a group of patients without reported allergies. We hypothesized there is a significant negative influence on clinical outcome scores after TKA in patients with self-reported allergies. Four-hundred and seventy-five patients who had undergone TKA were analysed preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. The WOMAC, KSS and SF-36 scores were obtained. The patients' Yesavage depression questionnaire score was also recorded. The scores of the 330 (69.5 %) patients without self-reported allergies were compared to the scores of the 145 (30.5 %) patients with at least one self-reported allergy in the medical record. Preoperative scores were similar in both groups. The WOMAC post-operative scores (23.6 vs 20.4; p = 0.037) and the KSS-Knee score (91.1 vs 87.6; p = 0.027) were worse in the group of patients with self-reported allergies than in the group without allergies. The scores from the Yesavage depression questionnaire and in the SF-36 were similar in both groups. Patients with at least one self-reported allergy have worse post-operative outcomes in terms of the WOMAC and KSS-Knee scores after TKA than patients without allergies. These poor outcomes do not seem to be related to depression. Therefore, more research is needed to explain them. Reported allergies could be considered a prognostic factor and used when counselling TKA patients. I.

  19. [A new hip milling machine for preparation of the hip acetabulum for total hip prothesis (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigand, H

    1976-08-19

    The problemes of the exact preparation of the hip acetabulum for implantation of total hip prothesis have caused the development of several milling machines. Two sorts of construction predominate. Their disadvantages, especially the fact, that there is now mechanism, while is able to carry of the milled tissue, gave rise to construct a new milling machine. In cooperation with engineers of the branch mechanical engineering a new model was developed. The characteristic features are described and explained by pictures. The milling basket will be fastened on the ground plate by a quick fastener. In this way we get a hemisphere cavity, which is able to absorb all the milled tissue without any residue. A grasp will be connected with the drive shaft and guarantee an exact and rightangeled direction. The clinical tests have shown, that the new milling machine with the grasp especially is qualified for use in the osteoporotic senil bone too.

  20. Severe anaphylactic reaction to chlorhexidine during total hip arthroplasty surgery. A case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijbesma, Thea; Rockmann, Heike; van der Weegen, Walter

    2011-01-01

    Two consecutive hip surgery procedures in the same patient were aborted following a severe anaphylactic reaction of the patient. After the second procedure, the patient was diagnosed to be allergic to chlorhexidine, a component of the gel used to insert a urinary catheter. Chlorhexidine allergy is

  1. Acetabular QCT in Total Hip Arthroplasty - a reliability study using porcine hips

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mussmann, Bo Redder; Overgaard, Soren; Torfing, Trine

    Introduction Periprosthetic bone loss is considered a predictor of aseptic loosening of the acetabular component in total hip arthroplasty. However, no studies have shown this association. This may be explained by the limitations of imaging methods previously used. Dual energy CT (DECT) has...... previously shown better delineation of the interface between bone and prosthesis and may be beneficial in quantitative analysis of bone loss close to the implant as compared to single energy computed tomography (SECT). The purpose of this porcine ex-vivo study was to test the intra-observer agreement...... and reliability of bone mineral density measurements (BMD) in close proximity of the acetabular cup using SECT and DECT images and 3D segmentation software. Materials and methods 22 acetabular cups (12 cemented, 10 un-cemented) were inserted in porcine hip specimens ex vivo. A femoral stem was attached to each...

  2. Periacetabular Bone Mineral Density Changes After Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty Versus Conventional Total Hip Arthroplasty. A Randomized Controlled DEXA Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smolders, J.M.H.; Pakvis, D.F.; Hendrickx, B.W.; Verdonschot, Nicolaas Jacobus Joseph; van Susante, J.L.C.

    2013-01-01

    A randomized controlled trial was performed to evaluate acetabular bone mineral density (BMD) changes after hip resurfacing (RHA) versus an established conventional total hip arthroplasty (THA). A total of 71 patients were allocated randomly to receive either an RHA press-fit cobalt–chromium cup (n

  3. Recovery in horizontal gait after hip resurfacing vs. total hip arthroplasty at 6-month follow-up - a RCT study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Carsten; Aagaard, Per; Overgaard, Søren

    2012-01-01

    Background: Standard total hip arthroplasty (S-THA) is the established surgical treatment for patients older than 65 years with progressive osteoarthritis. However, implant survivorship curves decline more rapidly in patients younger than 50 years. Resurfacing total hip arthroplasty (R-THA) has t...

  4. The current state of bearing surfaces in total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajpura, A; Kendoff, D; Board, T N

    2014-02-01

    We reviewed the literature on the currently available choices of bearing surface in total hip replacement (THR). We present a detailed description of the properties of articulating surfaces review the understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of existing bearing couples. Recent technological developments in the field of polyethylene and ceramics have altered the risk of fracture and the rate of wear, although the use of metal-on-metal bearings has largely fallen out of favour, owing to concerns about reactions to metal debris. As expected, all bearing surface combinations have advantages and disadvantages. A patient-based approach is recommended, balancing the risks of different options against an individual's functional demands.

  5. Increased body mass index is a predisposition for treatment by total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Sonne-Holm, Stig

    2005-01-01

    We investigated the radiological and epidemiological data of 4,151 subjects followed up from 1976 to 2003 to determine individual risk factors for hip osteoarthritis (OA), hip pain and/or treatment by total hip replacement (THR). Pelvic radiographs recorded in 1992 were assessed for evidence of hip......-joint degeneration and dysplasia. Sequential body mass index (BMI) measurements from 1976 to 1992, age, exposure to daily lifting and hip dysplasia were entered into logistic regression analyses. The prevalence of hip dysplasia ranged from 5.4% to 12.8% depending on the radiographical index used. Radiological hip OA...

  6. Metallic Modular Taper Junctions in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timothy McTighe

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of modularity in total hip arthroplasty (THA in the 1980s and 1990s was based on the fact that the benefit of these design features outweighed the risk. The use of metallic modular junctions presents a unique set of advantages and problems for use in THA. The advantages include improvement in fit and fill of the implant to bone, restoration of joint mechanics, reduced complications in revision surgery and reduction of costly inventory. However, the risks or concerns are a little harder to identify and deal with. Certainly corrosion, and fatigue failure are the two most prevalent concerns but now the specifics of fretting wear and corrosive wear increasing particulate debris and the potential biological response is having an impact on the design and potential longevity of the reconstructed hip. Material and designs are facing a shorter life expectancy than what was previously thought, mostly due to an increasing level of physical activity by the patient. Because there are no accurate laboratory test whereby the service life and performance of these implants can be predicted, early controlled clinical evaluations are necessary. Early publication of testing and clinical impressions should be encouraged in an attempt to reduce exposure to potential at risk patients, implants and material. The reduction and possible elimination of risks will require a balancing of all the variables requiring a multidisciplinary endeavor. This paper is designed to review the risk factors, and benefits of modular junctions in total hip arthroplasty (THA. Also some basic engineering principals that can reduce risk factors and improve functionality of modular junctions.

  7. [Total knee and hip prosthesis: variables associated with costs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrera-Espiñeira, Carmen; Escobar, Antonio; Navarro-Espigares, José Luis; Castillo, Juan de Dios Lunadel; García-Pérez, Lidia; Godoy-Montijano, Amparo

    2013-01-01

    The elevated prevalence of osteoarthritis in Western countries, the high costs of hip and knee arthroplasty, and the wide variations in the clinical practice have generated considerable interest in comparing the associated costs before and after surgery. To determine the influence of a number of variables on the costs of total knee and hip arthroplasty surgery during the hospital stay and during the one-year post-discharge. A prospective multi-center study was performed in 15 hospitals from three Spanish regions. Relationships between the independent variables and the costs of hospital stay and postdischarge follow-up were analyzed by using multilevel models in which the "hospital" variable was used to group cases. Independent variables were: age, sex, body mass index, preoperative quality of life (SF-12, EQ-5 and Womac questionnaires), surgery (hip/knee), Charlson Index, general and local complications, number of beds and economic-institutional dependency of the hospital, the autonomous region to which it belongs, and the presence of a caregiver. The cost of hospital stay, excluding the cost of the prosthesis, was 4,734 Euros, and the post-discharge cost was 554 Euros. With regard to hospital stay costs, the variance among hospitals explained 44-46% of the total variance among the patients. With regard to the post-discharge costs, the variability among hospitals explained 7-9% of the variance among the patients. There is considerable potential for reducing the hospital stay costs of these patients, given that more than 44% of the observed variability was not determined by the clinical conditions of the patients but rather by the behavior of the hospitals.

  8. Prospective study comparing functional outcomes and revision rates between hip resurfacing and total hip arthroplasty: preliminary results for 2 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Pailhé

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a need of independent prospective studies about modern generation of hip resurfacing implants. The aim of this propective observational study was to compare the functional outcomes and revision rates with hip resurfacing arthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty and to present the preliminary results at 2 years. Patients included were recruited prospectively in the Partial Pelvic Replacement Hip Project by a single surgeon between January 2007 and January 2010. Patients were assessed with the Harris Hip Score (HHS and Postel-Merle d’Aubigné (MDA score and Devane Score. The end point of the study was reoperation for any cause related to the prosthesis. At a mean follow up of 38.6 months there were a total of 142 patients with hip resurfacing (group 1 [100 Durom® (Zimmer Inc., Warsaw, IN, USA and 42 Birmingham Hip Resurfacing® (Smith & Nephew, Memphis, TN, USA] and 278 patients with total hip arthroplasty (group 2. The results showed significantly greater gain of HHS, MDA and Devane score with hip resurfacing procedures. However, considering all the complications, the rate was significantly higher in group 16.4% vs 1.79% in group 2 (P<0.0001. In group 1 we observed 6 complications only concerned males with Durom® implants. The follow up of this cohort is still on going and may deliver more information on the evolution of these results in time.

  9. Plasma endocannabinoid behaviour in total knee and hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottria, R; Cappelletti, L; Ravelli, A; Mariotti, M; Gigli, F; Romagnoli, S; Ciuffreda, P; Banfi, G; Drago, L

    2016-01-01

    Endocannabinoids are a class of lipid mediators involved in a wide range of physiological pathways including pain perception, and immunological defences. In particular, the involvement of endocannabinoids in bone metabolism and bone resorption has recently been studied. Moreover, one study on total knee arthroplasty describes the probable role of endocannabinoids in pain perception after surgery. The aim of the present study was to evaluate variations of endocannabinoid concentrations in patients undergoing total hip or total knee arthroplasty before and after surgery. Sera from 23 patients were collected at three different times: before surgery and at two different times during rehabilitation, and endocannabinoids were quantified by HPLC-MS/MS analysis. Mean values of endocannabinoids in presurgical serum samples were: 6.11±0.5 ng/ml for N-palmitoylethanolamide, 1.39±0.08ng/ml for N-stearoylethanolamide, 4.84±0.04 ng/ml for N-oleoylethanolamide, 0.44±0.03ng/ml for N-arachidonoylethanolamide, 0.84±0.05ng/ml for N-linoleoylethanolamide, 0.17±0.01ng/ml for N-α-linolenoylethanolamide. Statistical analysis showed a significant decrease of all the endocannabinoids after surgery, while there were no remarkable differences between total hip and total knee arthroplasties or between genders. Moreover, the results show no significant correlation between endocannabinoid concentrations and C-reactive protein and Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The present study shows for the first time a specific and univocal behaviour of six endocannabinoids and N-acylethanolamides in orthopaedic surgery, suggesting the endocannabinoid system as a possible pharmacological target for presurgical therapeutics.

  10. Acetabular cup position and risk of dislocation in primary total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seagrave, Kurt G; Troelsen, Anders; Malchau, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    Background and purpose - Hip dislocation is one of the most common complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Several factors that affect dislocation have been identified, including acetabular cup positioning. Optimal values for cup inclination and anteversion are debatable. We performed...

  11. Nursing in fast-track total hip and knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, Kirsten; Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Per; Kehlet, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    must still focus on the individual patient. Nurses need to have enough education to manage the complex tasks and increased responsibility. To prevent undesirable outcomes in the future, there is a need to pay attention to the nursing quality in balance with the nursing budget. It may, therefore......AIM: To describe the increased activity in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) from 2002 to 2012 in a single orthopaedic department, the organisation of fast-track and its consequences for nursing care. METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive design. Data collection; from...... gained tasks from surgeons and physiotherapists and thus gained more responsibility, for example, for pain management and mobilisation. Staffing levels in the ward in 2002 and 2012 were almost unchanged; 16.0 and 15.8 respectively. Nurses were undertaking more complicated tasks. CONCLUSION: Nursing care...

  12. The innovation trap: modular neck in total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samo Karel Fokter

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Innovations play the key role in the success of orthopaedic surgery. However, even minor modifications in the established concepts and proven designs may result in disasters. The endemic of modular femoral neck fracture (24 cases of about 4000 implanted in fully modular total hip arthroplasty, popular in our country for the last 20 years, seems to challenge us with such an unfortunate consequences. The aim of this report was to analyze the extent and the causes of the problem on the one hand and to propose possible solutions on the other.Methods: Literature search for problems associated with Profemur Z (or earlier versions with the same taper-cone design fully-modular femoral stem made of titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V was performed, and hip arthroplasty registries were searched to evaluate the failure rates of the mentioned design. Mechanisms of failure were studied to get in-depth understanding of this particular hip reconstruction device.Results: Since 2010 onwards, several case reports on catastrophic modular femoral neck fractures of Profemur Z were published. Te frst Slovenian case was described in 2012. The first two larger series with modular femoral neck fractures were published in 2016. Te Australian Joint Replacement Registry was the first to discover increased revision rates due to fractures of this hip reconstruction system. Public Agency of the Republic of Slovenia for Medicinal Products and Medical Devices (JAZMP received frst two reports regarding Profemur Z modular neck complication from abroad in 2010, the first Slovenian report was received in 2012, and altogether 7 reports from Slovenian hospitals were received until December 2016. Corrosion at the neck-taper interface, where two equal or different materials are subject to constant wear in the presence of body fluids, is assumed to be responsible for the unacceptable high failure rate.Conclusions: Manufacturers are responsible to produce and market only safe devices

  13. Changes in bone mineral density of the acetabulum, femoral neck and femoral shaft, after hip resurfacing and total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penny, J O; Brixen, K; Varmarken, J E

    2012-01-01

    It is accepted that resurfacing hip replacement preserves the bone mineral density (BMD) of the femur better than total hip replacement (THR). However, no studies have investigated any possible difference on the acetabular side. Between April 2007 and March 2009, 39 patients were randomised into ...

  14. Patient-reported outcome of hip resurfacing arthroplasty and standard total hip replacement after short-term follow-up

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Nina; Douw, Karla; Overgaard, Søren

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate patientreported outcome in terms of satisfaction in two study groups that had undergone hip resurfacing arthro-plasty (HRA) or total hip replacement (THR). The procedure consists of placing a hollow, mushroom-shaped metal cap over the femoral head while...

  15. Dual-Mobility Constructs in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel, Matthew P

    2018-02-27

    Dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) continues to be one of the most common and concerning complications after the procedure. As with every hip arthroplasty, it is essential to optimize component positioning, minimize impingement, and maintain the integrity of the abductor complex during the revision THAs. However, in several revision circumstances, additional strategies are required to mitigate the risk of dislocation, particularly those being revised for instability or those with cognitive or neuromuscular disorders. In such revision THAs, dual-mobility constructs offer lower rates of dislocations and re-revisions for dislocations in the midterm. However, it is important to note that dual-mobility constructs should not be considered as compensation for poor surgical technique or technical errors such as poor cup orientation or inappropriate restoration of soft-tissue tension. While intraprosthetic dislocations are a unique complication to dual-mobility constructs, they are exceedingly rare. Furthermore, additional follow-up is required with modular dual-mobility constructs utilized with increasing frequency during revision THAs in North America. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Responsiveness and minimal important differences after revision total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiu Herng-Chia

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The health-related quality of life (HRQoL is currently weighted more heavily when evaluating health status, particularly regarding medical treatments and interventions. However, it is rarely used by physicians to compare responsiveness. Additionally, responsiveness estimates derived by the Harris Hip Score (HHS and the Short Form 36 (SF-36 before and after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA have not been clinically compared. This study compared responsiveness and minimal important differences (MID between HHS and SF-36. Methods All revision THA patients completed the disease-specific HHS and the generic SF-36 before and 6 months after surgery. Scores using these instruments were interpreted by generalized estimating equation (GEE before and after revision THA. The bootstrap estimation and modified Jacknife test were used to derive 95% confidence intervals for differences in the responsiveness estimates. Results Comparisons of effect size (ES, standardized response means (SRM, relative efficiency (RE (>1 and MID indicated that the responsiveness of HHS was superior to that of SF-36. The ES and SRM for pain and physical functions in the HHS were significantly larger than those of the SF-36 (p Conclusion The data in this study indicated that clinicians and health researchers should weight disease-specific measures more heavily than generic measures when evaluating treatment outcomes.

  17. Survival of primary total hip arthroplasty in rheumatoid arthritis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rud-Sørensen, Christoffer; Pedersen, Alma B; Johnsen, Søren Paaske

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been a limited amount of research on survival of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We therefore performed a population-based, nationwide study to compare the survival of primary THAs in RA patients and in osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We...... also wanted to identify predictors of THA failure in RA patients. METHODS: Using the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry, we identified 1,661 primary THAs in RA patients and 64,858 in OA patients, all of which were inserted between 1995 and 2008. The follow-up period was up to 14 years for both groups......, both regarding revision due to aseptic loosening (adjusted RR = 0.58; 95% CI: 0.34-0.99) and for any reason (adjusted RR = 0.63; 95% CI: 0.45-0.88). In RA patients, males had a higher risk of revision than females concerning aseptic loosening of the stem, any revision of the stem, and any revision...

  18. Resumption of car driving after total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbas, Ghulam; Waheed, Abdul

    2011-04-01

    To assess periods required for resuming car driving in 130 patients who had undergone total hip replacement (THR). 80 men and 50 women aged 39 to 80 years who had been driving automatic (n=49) or manual (n=81) cars in the previous 3 months and underwent unilateral primary THR of the right (n=85) or left (n=45) hip were recruited. Patients were advised to resume driving after 6 weeks if they felt comfortable to do so. 105 (81%) patients were able to resume driving at week 6 to 8; 67 (64%) had had a right THR and 65 (62%) were manual car drivers. 22 (17%) patients were able to do so at week 12. The remaining 3 (2%) patients were not confident to drive even at week 12. No patient reported deterioration in driving ability, whereas 48 (38%) felt a subjective improvement in their driving ability. The time to resume driving varies in different patients. The advice should be individualised, depending on the patient's recovery and confidence level.

  19. The Exeter Contemporary flanged cemented acetabular component in primary total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggs, J L; Smeatham, A; Whitehouse, S L; Charity, J; Timperley, A J; Gie, G A

    2016-03-01

    We report on the outcome of the Exeter Contemporary flanged cemented all-polyethylene acetabular component with a mean follow-up of 12 years (10 to 13.9). This study reviewed 203 hips in 194 patients. 129 hips in 122 patients are still in situ; 66 hips in 64 patients were in patients who died before ten years, and eight hips (eight patients) were revised. Clinical outcome scores were available for 108 hips (104 patients) and radiographs for 103 hips (100 patients). A retrospective review was undertaken of a consecutive series of 203 routine primary cemented total hip arthroplasties (THA) in 194 patients. There were no acetabular component revisions for aseptic loosening. Acetabular revision was undertaken in eight hips. In four hips revision was necessitated by periprosthetic femoral fractures, in two hips by recurrent dislocation, in one hip for infection and in one hip for unexplained ongoing pain. Oxford and Harris hip scores demonstrated significant clinical improvement (all p Contemporary flanged cemented acetabular component demonstrates excellent survivorship at 12.5 years. The Exeter Contemporary flanged cemented acetabular component has excellent clinical outcomes and survivorship when used with the Exeter stem in total hip arthroplasty. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  20. Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogan, S; Manley, P A; Vanderby, R; Kohles, S S; Hartman, L M; McBeath, A A

    1991-01-01

    Intersegmental forces and moments (i.e. resultant free body forces and moments computed at the joint centers) were studied in canine hindlimbs before and after cemented total hip replacement (THR). Five large, adult, mixed-breed dogs were selected. Their gait was recorded (while leash-walked) before surgery using high-speed cinematography and a force plate. Cemented total hip replacement was unilaterally performed on each dog. Gait was again recorded at one and four months after surgery. Segmental properties (mass, center of mass, and mass moment of inertia) of the hindlimbs were experimentally determined, and an inverse dynamics approach was used to compute intersegmental forces and moments in the sagittal plane. Significant reductions in intersegmental joint forces and moments were observed in the operated hindlimb one month after surgery, although kinematic gait parameters were unaltered. Decreases of 77.0% for vertical forces, 61.9% for craniocaudal forces, and 66.2% for extension moments were determined. Four months after surgery, the joint forces and moments had returned to their preoperative values. This experiment demonstrates that the dynamics of normal walking can be restored in a canine model by four months after THR. It also shows that kinetic (rather than kinematic) parameters are more descriptive of antalgic gait in the canine.

  1. [Luxation of the prothesis after total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Białecki, Piotr; Gusta, Andrzej; Bohatyrewicz, Andrzej; Ferenc, Marcin

    2006-01-01

    In this report we evaluated the incidence of complications following the total hip arthroplasty. We have focused on the role of the surgical approach as thepatient cause of the luxation of the prosthesis. Retrospective analysis of 393 endoprosthetic surgeries performed in the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Pomeranian Medical University, between April 2002 and December 2003 was conducted. Out of 9 patients with prosthesis luxation 6 patients were operated using the posterior approach. A comparative analysis of selected groups did not reveal any significant differences in clinical condition of the patient, the implantation technique or the type of the applied prosthesis. We suggest that the main cause of prosthesis luxation were mistakes that led to misaligment of the prosthetic elements, and the posterior approach was believed to be the the predisposing factor.

  2. Periprosthetic femoral fracture within two years after total hip replacement:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thien, T. M.; Chatziagorou, G.; Garellick, G.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We used the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association database to evaluate whether age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, fixation, and implant design influence the risk of revision arthroplasty due to periprosthetic fracture within two years from operation of a primary total hip replacement....... METHODS: Included in the study were 325,730 cemented femoral stems and 111,899 uncemented femoral stems inserted from 1995 to 2009. Seven frequently used stems (two cemented stems [Exeter and Lubinus SP II] and five uncemented stems [Bi-Metric, Corail, CLS Spotorno, ABG I, and ABG II]) were specifically...... studied. RESULTS: The incidence of revision at two years was low: 0.47% for uncemented stems and 0.07% for cemented stems. Uncemented stems were much more likely to have this complication (relative risk, 8.72 [95% confidence interval, 7.37 to 10.32]; p

  3. Sexual Function before and after Total Hip Replacement: Narrative Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rotem Meiri, BPT

    2014-12-01

    Conclusions: The ability to move comfortably is included among the many physical and psychosocial factors influencing sexual functioning. Practitioners should be encouraged to question their THR patients about sexual concerns and to provide counseling related to physical and functional aspects of sexual activity. Rehabilitation that focuses specifically on activities of daily living of sex should include sexual counseling, therapeutic exercise, and advice regarding sexual positions. Rehabilitation provided by physical therapists may help decrease pain, and facilitate greater self‐awareness, self‐confidence, and improved body image, all of which encourage and affirm optimal sexual health. Meiri R, Rosenbaum TY, and Kalichman L. Sexual function before and after total hip replacement: Narrative review. Sex Med 2014;2:159–167.

  4. Ultraviolet radiation and air contamination during total hip replacement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carlsson, A.S.; Nilsson, B.; Walder, M.H.; Osterberg, K.

    1986-01-01

    Ultraviolet (uv) radiation of the operating room was assessed bacteriologically in an open randomized study of 30 total hip procedures. Volumetric air-sampling demonstrated that the number of colony forming units (cfu m-3) were significantly reduced (P less than 0.001) by uv light, both close to the wound and in the periphery of the operating room. No adverse effects of the uv-irradiation were observed either in the patients or the staff. In operating rooms fitted with a zonal ventilation system and with an air change rate of about 70 h-1, the addition of uv irradiation during surgery may achieve ultra clean air. However, in conventionally ventilated operating rooms uv-irradiation alone is probably not sufficient to do so

  5. The use of subtraction arthrography in total hip arthroplasties

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barentsz, J.O.; Lemmens, J.M.; Slooff, T.J.J.H.; Katholieke Univ. Nijmegen

    1986-01-01

    The results of plain film radiogrpahy and subtraction arthrography in 24 patients prior to revision surgery for a loosened total hip arthroplasty (T.H.A.) were compared with operative findings. Loosening of both the acetabular and the femoral components was evaluated. In plain film radiography the overall accurcy for evidence of loosening in 22 acetabular and 23 femoral components was 58% The overall accuracy with arthrography was 93%. Three results were false-negatives; arthrography showing no evidence of loosening, while the arthroplasty was found to be loose on surgical evaluation. The results of this study are compared with findings reported in the literature. Arthrography was performed by a lateral puncture technique. There were no complications. The use of the puncture technique has not been described previously. The extent of contrast leakage into the interfaces is described and discussed. (orig.) [de

  6. Use of subtraction arthrography in total hip arthroplasties

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barentsz, J.O.; Lemmens, J.M.; Slooff, T.J.J.H.

    1986-04-01

    The results of plain film radiogrpahy and subtraction arthrography in 24 patients prior to revision surgery for a loosened total hip arthroplasty (T.H.A.) were compared with operative findings. Loosening of both the acetabular and the femoral components was evaluated. In plain film radiography the overall accurcy for evidence of loosening in 22 acetabular and 23 femoral components was 58% The overall accuracy with arthrography was 93%. Three results were false-negatives; arthrography showing no evidence of loosening, while the arthroplasty was found to be loose on surgical evaluation. The results of this study are compared with findings reported in the literature. Arthrography was performed by a lateral puncture technique. There were no complications. The use of the puncture technique has not been described previously. The extent of contrast leakage into the interfaces is described and discussed.

  7. Risk Factors for Early Revision after Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dy, Christopher J.; Bozic, Kevin J.; Pan, Ting Jung; Wright, Timothy M.; Padgett, Douglas E.; Lyman, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Objective Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with increased cost, morbidity, and technical challenge compared to primary THA. A better understanding of the risk factors for early revision is needed to inform strategies to optimize patient outcomes. Methods 207,256 patients who underwent primary THA between 1997–2005 in California and New York were identified from statewide databases. Unique patient identifiers were used to identify early revision THA (revision. Results The probabilities of undergoing early aseptic revision and early septic revision were 4% and less than 1% at 5 years, respectively. Women were 29% less likely than men to undergo early septic revision (prevision than privately-insured patients (p=0.01; prevision compared to hospitals performing >400 THA annually (prevision THA. Patient-level characteristics distinctly affect the risk of revision within 10 years, particularly if due to infection. Our findings reinforce the need for continued investigation of the predictors of early failure following THA. PMID:24285406

  8. Hydrotherapy after total hip arthroplasty: a follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giaquinto, S; Ciotola, E; Dall'armi, V; Margutti, F

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the subjective functional outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients who underwent hydrotherapy (HT) 6 months after discharge. A prospective randomized study was performed on 70 elderly inpatients with recent THA, who completed a rehabilitation program. After randomization, 33 of them were treated in conventional gyms (no-hydrotherapy group=NHTG) and 31 received HT (hydrotherapy group=HTG). Interviews with the Western-Ontario MacMasters Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were performed at admission, at discharge and 6 months later. Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests were applied for statistical analysis. Both groups improved. Pain, stiffness and function were all positively affected. Statistical analysis indicated that WOMAC sub-scales were significantly lower for all patients treated with HT. The benefits at discharge still remained after 6 months. We conclude that HT is recommended after THA in a geriatric population.

  9. Bone-preserving total hip arthroplasty in avascular necrosis of the hip-a matched-pairs analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merschin, David; Häne, Richard; Tohidnezhad, Mersedeh; Pufe, Thomas; Drescher, Wolf

    2018-03-22

    Short-stem hip arthroplasty has the potential advantage of femoral bone stock preservation, especially in view of the expected revisions in the often relatively young patients. Despite short-stem hip prosthesis are increasingly used for total hip arthroplasty, there are no sufficient mid- and long-term results especially for patients with avascular femoral head osteonecrosis. The present study investigates mid-term functional results as well as the revision rate following implantation of a short-stem prosthesis. In the period 06/2005 until 12/2013, a total of 351 short-stem hip prostheses were implanted. The study included 331 complete data sets. A retrospective analysis was performed using the Oxford Hip Score. All revisions were registered. In a total of 331 prostheses, the Oxford Hip Score was "excellent" in 66.2%, "good" in 12.7%, "fair" in 13.0%, and "poor" in 8.2% with a mean follow-up of 57.4 months (SD ± 29.8; range 24-115). In 26 cases, aseptic osteonecrosis of the hip was the indication (7.9%). The Oxford Hip Score was "excellent" in 66.7%, "good" in 0.0%, "fair" in 20.8%, and "poor" in 12.5%. The cumulated five year survival rate was 96.7%. In mid-term observation, the Metha® short-stem prosthesis shows no disadvantage in functional outcome and in survival time compared to a standard hip stem. Providing a correct indication, the Metha® short stem is a valuable option in total hip arthroplasty for younger patients with avascular osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Evaluation has shown no significant differences between aseptic osteonecrosis and other indications.

  10. Th1 type lymphocyte reactivity to metals in patients with total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finnegan Alison

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background All prostheses with metallic components release metal debris that can potentially activate the immune system. However, implant-related metal hyper-reactivity has not been well characterized. In this study, we hypothesized that adaptive immunity reaction(s, particularly T-helper type 1 (Th1 responses, will be dominant in any metal-reactivity responses of patients with total joint replacements (TJAs. We tested this hypothesis by evaluating lymphocyte reactivity to metal "ions" in subjects with and without total hip replacements, using proliferation assays and cytokine analysis. Methods Lymphocytes from young healthy individuals without an implant or a history of metal allergy (Group 1: n = 8 were used to assess lymphocyte responses to metal challenge agents. In addition, individuals (Group 2: n = 15 with well functioning total hip arthroplasties (average Harris Hip Score = 91, average time in-situ 158 months were studied. Age matched controls with no implants were also used for comparison (Group 3, n = 8, 4 male, 4 female average age 70, range 49–80. Group 1 subjects' lymphocyte proliferation response to Aluminum+3, Cobalt+2, Chromium+3, Copper+2, Iron+3, Molybdenum+5, Manganeese+2, Nickel+2, Vanadium+3 and Sodium+2 chloride solutions at a variety of concentrations (0.0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, 1.0 and 10.0 mM was studied to establish toxicity thresholds. Mononuclear cells from Group 2 and 3 subjects were challenged with 0.1 mM CrCl3, 0.1 mM NiCl2, 0.1 mM CoCl2 and approx. 0.001 mM titanium and the reactions measured with proliferation assays and cytokine analysis to determine T-cell subtype prominence. Results Primary lymphocytes from patients with well functioning total hip replacements demonstrated a higher incidence and greater magnitude of reactivity to chromium than young healthy controls (p 2 fold stimulation index response, p 10 mM. The differential secretion of signature T-cell subsets' cytokines (Th1 and Th2 lymphocytes

  11. Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty With a High Hip Center for Hartofilakidis Type B Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: Results of Midterm Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Min; Luo, Zheng-Liang; Wu, Ke-Rong; Zhang, Xiao-Qi; Ling, Xiao-Dong; Shang, Xi-Fu

    2016-05-01

    Acetabular reconstruction in adults with Hartofilakidis type B developmental dysplasia of the hip is a major technical challenge. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate hip function and radiographic outcomes regarding high hip center at midterm follow-up. From January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2009, 37 patients who had Hartofilakidis type B developmental dysplasia of the hip underwent a primary total hip arthroplasty using a high hip center technique. Functional, radiographic, and survivorship outcomes were evaluated. Of the 37 patients, 31 patients (83.8%) were available for the mean follow-up of 6.1 years (range, 1.5-7.6 years). Thirty-one cementless cups were located at an average vertical distance of 38.1 ± 3.3 mm and at a mean horizontal distance of 35.5 ± 3.4 mm. The mean ratio of the height of the hip center was 2.4% (range, 2.0%-2.9%). The Harris Hip Scores were improved from 50.3 points (range, 38-63 points) preoperatively to 92.3 points (range, 85-100 points) at the final follow-up (P hip center technique in conjunction with a cementless acetabular component seems to be a valuable alternative to achieve satisfactory midterm outcomes for Hartofilakidis type B developmental dysplasia of the hip. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. [Efficacies of percutaneous multiple needle puncturing for releasing hip adductor muscle during total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yong; Liu, Kegui; Sun, Tao; Zhao, Yuchi; Zou, Dexin; Tan, Jiangwei; Li, Jingning; Zhang, Shudong; Liu, Yangde

    2014-12-09

    To summarize our experiences of applying percutaneous multiple needle puncturing technique for releasing adductor muscle during total hip arthroplasty (THA) for ischemic necrosis of femoral head and provide rationales for clinical practice. From January 2008 to December 2012, 36 adult patients with ischemic necrosis of femoral head (36 hips) and 36 adult patients with femoral neck fracture (36 hips) were recruited. The group of ischemic necrosis of femoral head was designated as experiment group in which there were 29 males and 7 females with an average age of 67.9 (60-78) years. According to the Ficat system, there were type III (n = 24) and type IV (n = 12) . The affected leg shortening of this group prior to surgery was over 2 cm. The group of femoral neck fracture was selected as control group in which there were 16 males and 20 females with an average age of 70.1 (60-82) years. According to the Garden system, there were type III (n = 16) and type IV (n = 20). All cases underwent THA with Press-fit prosthesis. After fixing prosthetic components, leg length discrepancy was corrected. And percutaneous multiple needle puncturing was applied for releasing adductor muscle in experiment group. The follow-up period was 2 years. The safety and efficiency were evaluated by HHS (Harris Hip Score) and the range of motion (ROM) of hip extorsion and abduction. There was no occurrence of such early complications as palsy of obturator nerve, hematoma in adductor muscle area or serious deep vein embolism.No serious complications of deep infection, femoral head dislocation, recurrent adductor muscle contracture, prosthesis loosening, subsidence, excursion or penetration occurred up until the final follow-up. The range of hip motion of extorsion and abduction: (1) in experimental group, the postoperative ROM (abduction:44.9 ± 0.8, extorsion:45.1 ± 0.9) was significantly larger than that of preoperative (abduction: 30.0 ± 4.6, extorsion:31.5 ± 4.6) ; (2) the postoperative ROM

  13. USING TRABECULAR METAL AUGMENTS FOR TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT IN PATIENTS AFTER ACETABULAR FRACTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Tikhilov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The authors presented the experience of treatment of two patients with hip arthritis after acetabular fracture. Both patients were treated with total hip replacement. During the operation, to manage posterior-superior bone defects of the acetabulum, augments of trabecular metal were used. Pain and limitation of motions in hip were indications for operative treatment. After a year of follow up there was no pain in hip; also recovery of motion and improved quality of life were observed.

  14. Modular Fluted Tapered Stems in Aseptic Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel, Matthew P; Cottino, Umberto; Larson, Dirk R; Hanssen, Arlen D; Lewallen, David G; Berry, Daniel J

    2017-05-17

    Modular fluted tapered stems have become the most commonly employed category of femoral component in revision hip arthroplasty in North America as a result of favorable early results and simplicity of use. Despite wide adoption, the majority of published data are limited to relatively small series with modest follow-up. The goal of the current study was to determine the success rate and factors associated with success, failure, and complications of the use of modular fluted tapered stems in aseptic revision total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in a large patient cohort. We identified 519 aseptic femoral revisions during which a modular fluted tapered stem was utilized. Clinical outcomes, Kaplan-Meier survivorship, radiographic outcomes, and complications were assessed. The mean age at revision arthroplasty was 70 years, the mean body mass index (BMI) was 29 kg/m, and the mean duration of follow-up was 4.5 years (range, 2 to 14 years). The mean Harris hip score (HHS) improved significantly from 51 points preoperatively to 76 points at 2 years (p revisions had been performed: 6 because of aseptic loosening, 4 because of infection, 3 because of instability, 2 because of periprosthetic fracture, and 1 because of stem fracture. The 10-year survivorship was 96% with revision for any reason as the end point and 90% with any reoperation as the end point. Of the patients who were alive and had not undergone revision at the time of final follow-up, 12 had stem subsidence but all but 1 of these stems had stabilized after subsiding. Postoperative complications were noted in 12% of the cases. Repeat revision due to femoral component loosening was not correlated with the preoperative bone-loss category or patient demographic factors. In this large series, femoral revision with a modular fluted tapered stem provided a high rate of osseointegration and sustained improvement in clinical scores at the time of the last follow-up. There was also a high rate of successful implant fixation

  15. Analysis of Femoral Components of Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Shantanu; Harsha, A. P.

    2016-10-01

    There have been continuous on-going revisions in design of prosthesis in Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) to improve the endurance of hip replacement. In the present work, Finite Element Analysis was performed on cemented THA with CoCrMo trapezoidal, CoCrMo circular, Ti6Al4V trapezoidal and Ti6Al4V circular stem. It was observed that cross section and material of femoral stem proved to be critical parameters for stress distribution in femoral components, distribution of interfacial stress and micro movements. In the first part of analysis, designs were investigated for micro movements and stress developed, for different stem materials. Later part of the analysis focused on investigations with respect to different stem cross sections. Femoral stem made of Titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V) resulted in larger debonding of stem at cement-stem interface and increased stress within the cement mantle in contrast to chromium alloy (CoCrMo) stem. Thus, CoCrMo proved to be a better choice for cemented THA. Comparison between CoCrMo femoral stem of trapezium and circular cross section showed that trapezoidal stem experiences lesser sliding and debonding at interfaces than circular cross section stem. Also, trapezium cross section generated lower peak stress in femoral stem and cortical femur. In present study, femur head with diameter of 36 mm was considered for the analysis in order to avoid dislocation of the stem. Also, metallic femur head was coupled with cross linked polyethylene liner as it experiences negligible wear compared to conventional polyethylene liner and unlike metallic liner it is non carcinogenic.

  16. Complications After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Medicare Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badarudeen, Sameer; Shu, Albert C; Ong, Kevin L; Baykal, Doruk; Lau, Edmund; Malkani, Arthur L

    2017-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and types of complications after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) within the first year, and determine the relative risk factors for these complications and of re-revision. The sample size of 5% Medicare claims data from 1998-2011 was studied. Primary THA patients who underwent subsequent revision were identified using ICD-9-CM codes. Outcomes and complications after revision THA were assessed. Multivariate Cox regression was used to evaluate the effect of patient demographic characteristics on the adjusted complication risk for revision THA patients. Of the 64,260 primary THA patients identified between 1998 and 2011, 3555 patients (5.71%) underwent revision THA. Etiology of primary hip failure included mechanical complications such as loosening and wear (40.7%), dislocation (14.0%), and infection (11.3%). Complications after revision THA included infection and redo revision, 17.3% and 15.8% followed by venous thromboembolic disease (VTE) at 11.1%, dislocation at 5.43%, PE at 3.24%, and death at 2.11%. The rate of "new" infections after an aseptic revision was 8.13%. Patients in the 85+-year-old age group had a 100% greater adjusted risk of VTE (P revision THA (P = .011). Advanced age is a clear risk factor for VTE and mortality, but not for dislocation, infection, or re-revision. Higher Charlson index was found to be a risk factor for every complication after revision except dislocation. Greater attention is required to address the high rate of infection and re-do revision after revision THA (17.3% and 15.8%). Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Correlations between the Harris Hip Score and the Visual Analogue Scale in the assessment of total hip replacement in hip dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.G Zuh

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Total hip replacement is one of the most frequently performed orthopaedic interventions that can significantly improve the functional status and the quality of life of patients suffering from hip arthrosis. Recently patient satisfaction and patient-reported results of total hip arthroplasty are increasingly emphasised as important tools for the assessments of these interventions. For patients with arthrosis secondary to hip dysplasia, these evaluations can be more difficult, due to younger age and higher functional demands. In this study we compared the Visual Analogue Scale and the Harris Hip Score in order to determine the correlations between these instruments and analyse the possibility of replacing the Harris Score with the Visual Analogue Scale in evaluating the results of hip surgery in patients with dysplastic hips. Our study included 37 women and 4 men (53 hips, with a mean age of 50.96 years (35-58 years, followed for a mean of 4 years postoperatively. Both assessment instruments were used preoperatively and at the follow-up visits. We observed a positive correlation of the values of the Visual Analogue Scale and the Harris Hip Score both preoperatively and postoperatively, with correlation coefficients of +0.71(P <0.001 and +0.77 (P <0.001 respectively. Given these positive correlations, we assumed that the Visual Analogue Scale could replace the Harris Hip Score in the evaluation of patients after total hip replacement. Still it is recommended to combine the Visual Analogue Scale with objective measurements and radiological examination in order to identify significant postoperative changes.

  18. Functioning Before and After Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.B. de Groot (Ingrid)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractOsteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee is a common locomotor disease characterized by degradation of articular cartilage. In the Netherlands, in the year 2000 about 257,400 persons above the age of 55 years had hip OA and about 335,700 persons had knee OA. Because the prevalence of OA

  19. Immediate mobilisation with complete weight bearing after uncemented total hip replacement in elderly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sankarlingam P, Shivraj V, V R Subramaniyam

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This prospective study was analyzed in 23 patients who were allowed to do immediate weight bearing after uncemented total hip arthroplasty. Immediate mobilization shortened the hospital stay and facilitated early rehabilitation of hip. Immediate mobilization was started on postoperative Day 3 rather than Day 7 without any adverse consequences to the patients. A series of 23 elderly patients of age more than 60 years, who were diagnosed with conditions such as avascular necrosis of hip, non union of fracture neck of femur, trochanteric non union and rheumatoid arthritis, underwent uncemented total hip replacement and immediate mobilization was started in our hospital. Patients were evaluated by Harris Hip Scoring Scale. All ambulated patients had painless hip and the mean Harris Hip Score was 85. There were no incidence of stem subsidence, acetabular component loosening, and heterotrophic ossification. This data concluded that early intensive rehabilitation yielded faster attainment of short-term functional milestones in fewer days.

  20. Longitudinal morphological change of acetabular subchondral bone cyst after total hip arthroplasty in developmental dysplasia of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takada, Ryohei; Jinno, Tetsuya; Miyatake, Kazumasa; Yamauchi, Yuki; Koga, Daisuke; Yagishita, Kazuyoshi; Okawa, Atsushi

    2018-01-03

    The purpose of this study is to clarify morphological changes of acetabular subchondral bone cyst after total hip arthroplasty for osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip. Two hundred and sixty-one primary cementless total hip arthroplasties of 208 patients, 18 males, 190 females, were retrospectively reviewed. Morphological changes of subchondral bone cyst were evaluated by computed tomography (CT). The mean cross-sectional area of the cyst from CT scans at 3 months postoperatively and after 7-10 years (average 8.4 years) were compared. Acetabular subchondral bone cysts were found in 49.0% of all cases in preoperative CT scans. There was no cyst which was newly recognized in CT scan performed after postoperative 7-10 years. All the cross-sectional areas of the cysts evaluated in this study were reduced postoperatively. This study revealed that acetabular subchondral bone cysts do not increase or expand after total hip arthroplasty and indicated that the longitudinal morphological change of acetabular bone cysts in patients of developmental dysplasia of the hip do not influence long-term implant fixation in total hip arthroplasty.

  1. [EFFECTIVENESS OF ANATOMIC FEMORAL COMPONENT PROSTHESIS FOR SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF THE HIP IN TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, Xiao; Dong, Jiyuan; Gong, Ke; Zhang, Qi; Li, Xiang; Song, Wei

    2015-04-01

    To evaluate the effectiveness of anatomic femoral component prosthesis for severe development dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Between September 2009 and September 2013, 48 patients (51 hips) with severe DDH underwent THA with cementless anatomic femoral component prosthesis. There were 5 males (5 hips) and 43 females (46 hips) with an average age of 51 years (range, 28-67 years). The left hip was involved in 25 cases, the right hip in 20 cases, and bilateral hips in 3 cases. There were 39 cases (44 hips) of Crowe type III and 9 cases (7 hips) of Crowe type IV. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 5.72 +/- 1.84, and Harris score was 41.66 +/- 4.87 at preoperation. All patients had leg discrepancy with a length difference of (4.31 +/- 0.84) cm. The duration of surgery was 59-110 minutes (mean, 78.6 minutes), and the hospitalization days were 6-20 days (mean, 12.3 days). All patients obtained primary healing of incision without wound related complications of swelling, effusion, and infection. Two patients were found to have intramuscular venous thrombosis. All patients were followed up 10-54 months (mean, 29 months). Limp was observed at the early stage after operation in 9 patients and disappeared after 1 year, the other patients had normal gait. The VAS score 1.46?0.47, Harris score 88.66 +/- 3.48, and the leg length difference (1.15 +/- 0.33) cm at last follow-up all showed significant differences when compared with the preoperative values (Phip joint function and limb discrepancy. Short-term effectiveness was satisfactory, but the long-term effectiveness should still be observed in future.

  2. Large head metal-on-metal cementless total hip arthroplasty versus 28mm metal-on-polyethylene cementless total hip arthroplasty: design of a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Raaij Jos JAM

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Osteoarthritis of the hip is successfully treated by total hip arthroplasty with metal-on-polyethylene articulation. Polyethylene wear debris can however lead to osteolysis, aseptic loosening and failure of the implant. Large head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty may overcome polyethylene wear induced prosthetic failure, but can increase systemic cobalt and chromium ion concentrations. The objective of this study is to compare two cementless total hip arthroplasties: a conventional 28 mm metal-on-polyethylene articulation and a large head metal-on-metal articulation. We hypothesize that the latter arthroplasties show less bone density loss and higher serum metal ion concentrations. We expect equal functional scores, greater range of motion, fewer dislocations, fewer periprosthetic radiolucencies and increased prosthetic survival with the metal-on-metal articulation. Methods A randomized controlled trial will be conducted. Patients to be included suffer from non-inflammatory degenerative joint disease of the hip, are aged between 18 and 80 and are admitted for primary cementless unilateral total hip arthroplasty. Patients in the metal-on-metal group will receive a cementless titanium alloy acetabular component with a cobalt-chromium liner and a cobalt-chromium femoral head varying from 38 to 60 mm. Patients in the metal-on-polyethylene group will receive a cementless titanium alloy acetabular component with a polyethylene liner and a 28 mm cobalt-chromium femoral head. We will assess acetabular bone mineral density by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA, serum ion concentrations of cobalt, chromium and titanium, self reported functional status (Oxford hip score, physician reported functional status and range of motion (Harris hip score, number of dislocations and prosthetic survival. Measurements will take place preoperatively, perioperatively, and postoperatively (6 weeks, 1 year, 5 years and 10 years. Discussion

  3. Calibration Markers for Digital Templating in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Kolja Boese

    Full Text Available Digital templating with external calibration markers is the standard method for planning total hip arthroplasty. We determined the geometrical basis of the magnification effect, compared magnification with external and internal calibration markers, and examined the influence on magnification of the position of the calibration markers, patient weight, and body mass index (BMI. A formula was derived to calculate magnification with internal and external calibration markers, informed by 100 digital radiographs of the pelvis. Intraclass correlations between the measured and calculated values and the strength of relationships between magnification, position and distance of calibration markers and height, weight, and BMI were sought. There was a weak correlation between magnification of internal and external calibration markers (r = 0.297-0.361; p < 0.01. Intraclass correlations were 0.882-1.000 (p = 0.000 for all parameters. There were also weak correlations between magnification of internal and external calibration markers and weight and BMI (r = 0.420, p = 0.000; r = 0.428, p = 0.000, respectively. The correlation between external and internal calibration markers was poor, indicating the need for more accurate calibration methods. While weight and BMI weakly correlated with the magnification of markers, future studies should examine this phenomenon in more detail.

  4. Calibration Markers for Digital Templating in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boese, Christoph Kolja; Lechler, Philipp; Rose, Leonard; Dargel, Jens; Oppermann, Johannes; Eysel, Peer; Geiges, Hansjörg; Bredow, Jan

    2015-01-01

    Digital templating with external calibration markers is the standard method for planning total hip arthroplasty. We determined the geometrical basis of the magnification effect, compared magnification with external and internal calibration markers, and examined the influence on magnification of the position of the calibration markers, patient weight, and body mass index (BMI). A formula was derived to calculate magnification with internal and external calibration markers, informed by 100 digital radiographs of the pelvis. Intraclass correlations between the measured and calculated values and the strength of relationships between magnification, position and distance of calibration markers and height, weight, and BMI were sought. There was a weak correlation between magnification of internal and external calibration markers (r = 0.297-0.361; p < 0.01). Intraclass correlations were 0.882-1.000 (p = 0.000) for all parameters. There were also weak correlations between magnification of internal and external calibration markers and weight and BMI (r = 0.420, p = 0.000; r = 0.428, p = 0.000, respectively). The correlation between external and internal calibration markers was poor, indicating the need for more accurate calibration methods. While weight and BMI weakly correlated with the magnification of markers, future studies should examine this phenomenon in more detail.

  5. [Biological downsizing : Acetabular defect reconstruction in revision total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koob, S; Scheidt, S; Randau, T M; Gathen, M; Wimmer, M D; Wirtz, D C; Gravius, S

    2017-02-01

    Periacetabular bony defects remain a great challenge in revision total hip arthroplasty. After assessment and classification of the defect and selection of a suitable implant the primary stable fixation and sufficient biological reconstitution of a sustainable bone stock are essential for long term success in acetabular revision surgery. Biological defect reconstruction aims for the down-sizing of periacetabular defects for later revision surgeries. In the field of biological augmentation several methods are currently available. Autologous transplants feature a profound osseointegrative capacity. However, limitations such as volume restrictions and secondary complications at the donor site have to be considered. Structural allografts show little weight bearing potential in the long term and high failure rates. In clinical practice, the usage of spongious chips implanted via impaction bone grafting technique in combination with antiprotrusio cages for the management of contained defects have shown promising long time results. Nevertheless, when dealing with craniolateral acetabular and dorsal column defects, the additional implantation of macroporous metal implants or augments should be considered since biological augmentation has shown little clinical success in these particular cases. This article provides an overview of the current clinically available biological augmentation methods of peri-acetabular defects. Due to the limitations of autologous and allogeneic bone transplants in terms of size and availability, the emerging field of innovative implantable tissue engineering constructs gains interest and will also be discussed in this article.

  6. [Ceramic-on-Ceramic in Total Hip Replacement Revision].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cucchi, Davide; Gathen, Martin; Streicher, Robert; Wirtz, Dieter Christian

    2018-02-27

    The use of Ceramic-on-Ceramic (CoC) bearings in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing and has been intensively analysed. This bearing plays a particularly relevant role in young, active patients and shows advantages over other bearings in biocompatibility, wear rate and lubrication properties. On the contrary, CoC bearings in revision THA are seldom used and scarcely analysed. The aim of this study is to systematically review the available literature on CoC bearings in revision THA. A systematic research in the English literature was performed to identify all studies reporting results of THA revisions using ceramic-on-ceramic bearing. The initial search strategy revealed 555 articles for consideration. On the basis of eligibility criteria, 26 studies were included in this review. Twenty-six studies, accounting for 1846 procedures, were eligible and included in the review. No studies of Level I were identified. Eighteen studies reported on revisions of CoC implants for various reasons, performed either with CoC or different bearings. In 111 patients a CoC bearing was used for the revision. Six studies consistently reported outcome measures for CoC bearing THA revisions, so that a quantitative synthesis of the data was possible. The range of follow-up across the six studies varied between 2.1 and 19 years, with a cumulative avearage follow-up of 9.3 years. A good functional result was documented, with a cumulative weighted mean for postoperative Harris Hip Score (HHS) of 87 points. The rate of dislocation in this group was 3.45% and the risk of fracture of an alumina ceramic head was 0.35% (1 study). Squeaking was reported as complication of CoC bearing THA revisions in three studies, with a calculated incidence of 0.52%. Modern CoC bearings show advantages in preclinical and retrospective studies over other bearings also in revision cases and are therefore to be considered a promising alternative for this kind of operation. Reasonable indications for Co

  7. Increasing risk of prosthetic joint infection after total hip arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background and purpose The risk of revision due to infection after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been reported to be increasing in Norway. We investigated whether this increase is a common feature in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden). Materials and methods The study was based on the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association (NARA) dataset. 432,168 primary THAs from 1995 to 2009 were included (Denmark: 83,853, Finland 78,106, Norway 88,455, and Sweden 181,754). Adjusted survival analyses were performed using Cox regression models with revision due to infection as the endpoint. The effect of risk factors such as the year of surgery, age, sex, diagnosis, type of prosthesis, and fixation were assessed. Results 2,778 (0.6%) of the primary THAs were revised due to infection. Compared to the period 1995–1999, the relative risk (with 95% CI) of revision due to infection was 1.1 (1.0–1.2) in 2000–2004 and 1.6 (1.4–1.7) in 2005–2009. Adjusted cumulative 5–year revision rates due to infection were 0.46% (0.42–0.50) in 1995–1999, 0.54% (0.50–0.58) in 2000–2004, and 0.71% (0.66–0.76) in 2005–2009. The entire increase in risk of revision due to infection was within 1 year of primary surgery, and most notably in the first 3 months. The risk of revision due to infection increased in all 4 countries. Risk factors for revision due to infection were male sex, hybrid fixation, cement without antibiotics, and THA performed due to inflammatory disease, hip fracture, or femoral head necrosis. None of these risk factors increased in incidence during the study period. Interpretation We found increased relative risk of revision and increased cumulative 5–year revision rates due to infection after primary THA during the period 1995–2009. No change in risk factors in the NARA dataset could explain this increase. We believe that there has been an actual increase in the incidence of prosthetic joint infections after THA. PMID

  8. Dislocation of total hip replacement in patients with fractures of the femoral neck

    OpenAIRE

    Enocson, Anders; Hedbeck, Carl-Johan; Tidermark, Jan; Pettersson, Hans; Ponzer, Sari; Lapidus, Lasse J

    2009-01-01

    Background Total hip replacement is increasingly used in active, relatively healthy elderly patients with fractures of the femoral neck. Dislocation of the prosthesis is a severe complication, and there is still controversy regarding the optimal surgical approach and its influence on stability. We analyzed factors influencing the stability of the total hip replacement, paying special attention to the surgical approach. Patients and methods We included 713 consecutive hips in a series of 698 p...

  9. Clinical and radiographic results of total hip arthroplasty in dogs: 96 cases (1986-1992)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Massat, B.J.; Vasseur, P.B.

    1994-01-01

    Results of total hip arthroplasty in 84 dogs (96 hips) were evaluated. Eight (9.5% of) the 84 dogs developed 1 or move complications after total hip arthroplasty. Complications resolved or were corrected in 4 of the dogs; all 4 ultimately achieved good or excellent hip function. Complications necessitated removal of the Prosthesis in the other 4 dogs; 3 ultimately achieved fair hip function and 1 had only poor hip function. Therefore, after resolution of complications, 96% of the hips had good or excellent function. Force plate analysis was performed on 6 dogs with excellent hip function; peak vertical force for the limb that had been operated on was greater than or equal to peak vertical force for the contralateral limb. Radiographically, a radiolucent zone was visible around the acetabular component in 89% of the hips and around the femoral component in 26%. The radiolucent zone around the acetabular and femoral components widened in 14% (6 of 43) and 27% (3 of 11), respectively, of the hips with adequate radiographic follow-up. Aseptic loosening of the acetabular component developed in 3 (3%) of 96 hips, one was successfully revised. Aseptic loosening of the femoral component was not apparent in any of the dogs in this study. Other complications included femoral fracture (n = 3), neurapraxia (3), luxation(1), and unexplained lameness that required implant removal (1). None of the dogs had evidence of wound infection

  10. Predictive Model of Surgical Time for Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Albert; Weaver, Michael J; Heng, Marilyn M; Urman, Richard D

    2017-07-01

    Maximizing operating room utilization in orthopedic and other surgeries relies on accurate estimates of surgical control time (SCT). A variety of case and patient-specific variables can influence the duration of surgical time during revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). We hypothesized that these variables are better predictors of actual SCT (aSCT) than a surgeon's own prediction (pSCT). All revision THAs from October 2008 to September 2014 from one institution were accessed. Variables for each case included aSCT, pSCT, patient age, gender, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status class, active infection, periprosthetic fracture, bone loss, heterotopic ossification, and implantation/explantation of a well-fixed acetabular/femoral component. These were incorporated in a stepwise fashion into a multivariate regression model for aSCT with a significant cutoff of 0.15. This was compared to a univariate regression model of aSCT that only used pSCT. In total, 516 revision THAs were analyzed. After stepwise selection, patient age and American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status were excluded from the model. The most significant increase in aSCT was seen with implantation of a new femoral component (24.0 min), followed by explantation of a well-fixed femoral component (18.7 min) and significant bone loss (15.0 min). Overall, the multivariate model had an improved r 2 of 0.49, compared to 0.16 from only using pSCT. A multivariate regression model can assist surgeons in more accurately predicting the duration of revision THAs. The strongest predictors of increased aSCT are explantation of a well-fixed femoral component, placement of an entirely new femoral component, and presence of significant bone loss. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Regional variation in incidence of primary total hip arthroplasties and revisions in Denmark, 1996-2002

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Alma Becic; Johnsen, Søren Paaske; Overgaard, Søren

    2005-01-01

    We examined incidence rates (IR) of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Denmark according to county and type of hospital, and investigated possible factors associated with any variations.......We examined incidence rates (IR) of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in Denmark according to county and type of hospital, and investigated possible factors associated with any variations....

  12. Revision rate after short-stem total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review of 49 studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oldenrijk, Jakob; Molleman, Jeroen; Klaver, Michel; Poolman, Rudolf W.; Haverkamp, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The aim of short-stem total hip arthroplasty is to preserve proximal bone stock for future revisions, to improve biomechanical reconstruction, and to make minimally invasive approaches easier. It is therefore being increasingly considered to be a sound alternative to conventional total hip

  13. Delayed cementless total hip arthroplasty for neglected dislocation of hip combined with complex acetabular fracture and deficient bone stock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavaskar Ashok S

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Total hip arthroplasty (THA for an un-treated acetabular fracture is technically challenging and the long-term result is not so favorable. A 45-year-old fe-male patient with untreated column and comminuted poste-rior wall fracture of the acetabulum was treated in our insti-tution by reconstruction of the posterior wall using iliac strut autograft and plate stabilization of the posterior col-umn with cancellous grafting and cementless THA in a single stage. At 3 years’ follow-up, the patient was independently mobile without limb length discrepancy. Radiological evalu-ation showed well integrated components and bone grafts. No evidence of aseptic loosening or osteolysis was found. This report aims to emphasize that bony acetabular recon-struction allows the use of primary hip components, which improves prosthesis longevity and preserves bone stock for a future revision. Key words: Acetabulum; Fractures, bone; Hip dislocation; Arthroplasty, replacement, hip

  14. Midterm Outcome of Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty in Crowe IV-Hartofilakidis Type III Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mu, Wenbo; Yang, Desheng; Xu, Boyong; Mamtimin, Askar; Guo, Wentao; Cao, Li

    2016-03-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is widespread in developing countries, and treating Crowe IV-Hartofilakidis Type III DDH in adults requires the use of a highly demanding technique. We sought to determine the outcome of cementless total hip arthroplasty using Zweymüller components to treat Crowe IV-Hartofilakidis Type III DDH. Fifty-eight patients (71 hips) with a mean age of 35.8 years at time of index operation were included in our study. The average duration of follow-up was 70.5 months. The acetabular component was placed in the true acetabulum in all cases, and subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy was performed in 61 hips. With any component revision for any reason as the end point, Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis at 98 months revealed a cumulative survival rate for implanted components of 91.40%. The mean Harris Hip Score improved from 35.6 preoperatively to 82.9 postoperatively. There were 20 cases of intraoperative fracture, 1 case of complete nerve palsy, and 7 cases of transient nerve palsy. Revision surgery was performed in 7 patients because of cup loosening in 1, severe polyethylene wear in 4, cup breakage in 1, and dislocation in 1. Midterm results for cementless total hip arthroplasty in patients with Crowe IV-Hartofilakidis Type III DDH was satisfactory; however, intraoperative fracture and polyethylene wear were major complications. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Formation of a large rice body-containing cyst following total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Issack Paul S

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There are several well-described causes of a painful mass following total hip arthroplasty including polyethylene and metal wear debris, infection, expanding hematoma, dislocation, and synovial cysts. In addition to causing pain, these lesions, when large enough, may cause neurologic and vascular compromise. Rapid growth of the mass may clinically and radiographically resemble a sarcoma. Here, we report a case of a large painful hip mass which developed after total hip arthroplasty. The well-circumscribed mass was overlying and extending into the hip joint containing thousands of highly organized fibrin-containing “rice bodies”. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a large, highly organized (rice-body-containing cyst complicating total hip arthroplasty. Case presentation A 55-year old Caucasian woman developed a large, slowly enlarging, painful hip mass 2 1/2 years after primary total hip arthroplasty. Clinically and radiographically, the lesion resembled a soft tissue sarcoma. Surgical removal identified a well-circumscribed mass extending into the hip joint containing thousands of highly organized fibrin-containing “rice bodies”. Conclusion Identification and excision of this “pseudotumor” following hip arthroplasty is important for obtaining a definitive diagnosis, ruling out malignancy or infection and relieving any potential compression on surrounding neurovascular structures.

  16. Assessment of asymmetric leg loading before and after total hip arthroplasty using instrumented shoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Ramírez, Alicia; Weenk, Dirk; Lecumberri, Pablo; Verdonschot, Nico; Pakvis, Dean; Veltink, Peter H

    2014-02-28

    Total hip arthroplasty is a successful surgical treatment in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip. Different questionnaires are used by the clinicians to assess functional capacity and the patient's pain, despite these questionnaires are known to be subjective. Furthermore, many studies agree that kinematic and kinetic parameters are crucial to evaluate and to provide useful information about the patient's evolution for clinicians and rehabilitation specialists. However, these quantities can currently only be obtained in a fully equipped gait laboratory. Instrumented shoes can quantify gait velocity, kinetic, kinematic and symmetry parameters. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the instrumented shoes is a sufficiently sensitive instrument to show differences in mobility performance before and after total hip arthroplasty. In this study, patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty were measured before and 6-8 months after total hip arthroplasty. Both measurement sessions include 2 functional mobility tasks while the subject was wearing instrumented shoes. Before each measurement the Harris Hip Score and the Traditional Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index were administered as well. The stance time and the average vertical ground reaction force measured with the instrumented shoes during walking, and their symmetry index, showed significant differences before and after total hip arthroplasty. However, the data obtained with the sit to stand test did not reveal this improvement after surgery. Our results show that inter-limb asymmetry during a walking activity can be evaluated with the instrumented shoes before and after total hip arthroplasty in an outpatient clinical setting.

  17. The Consumer Quality Index Hip Knee Questionnaire measuring patients' experience with quality of care after a total hip or knee arthroplasty.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stubbe, J.H.; Gelsema, T.; Delnoij, D.M.J.

    2007-01-01

    Background: The Dutch Consumer Quality Index Hip Knee Questionnaire (CQI Hip Knee) was used to assess patients' experiences with and evaluations of quality of care after a total hip (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the construct validity and internal

  18. [Comparative study of posterolateral conventional and minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Shihua; Wang, Shuanke; Zhao, Lin; Wang, Xu

    2009-06-01

    To compare the clinical effect of total hip arthroplasty (THA) using posterolateral conventional or minimally invasive incision. From January 2007 to November 2007, 38 patients (41 hips) were treated with minimally invasive THA (mini-incision group), and 15 patients (15 hips) underwent conventional THA (conventional incision group). Mini-incision group: 23 males (25 hips) and 15 females (16 hips) aged (53.2 +/- 15.5) years old; body mass index (BMI) was 23.4 +/- 3.3; there were 20 cases (20 hips) of femoral neck fracture, 2 cases (2 hips) of primary osteoarthritis, 14 cases (16 hips) of stage III or IV aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, 2 cases (3 hips) of ankylosing spondylitis involving hip joint; Harris hip score was 47.7 +/- 5.5 and the course of disease was (4.5 +/- 4.3) years. Conventional incision group: 7 males (7 hips) and 8 females (8 hips) aged (54.8 +/- 10.8) years old; BMI was 26.1 +/- 5.1; there were 8 cases (8 hips) of femoral neck fracture, 1 case (1 hip) of primary osteoarthritis, 5 cases (5 hips) of stage III or IV aseptic necrosis of the femoral head, 1 case (1 hip) of ankylosing spondylitis involving hip joint; Harris hip score was 51.2 +/- 4.3 and the course of disease was (3.8 +/- 3.7) years. There were no statistically significant differences between two groups in the general information (P > 0.05). There were statistical differences between two groups in terms of incision length, perioperative blood loss, drainage volume and blood transfusion volume (P 0.05). All incisions healed by first intention and no early postoperative complications occurred. Two groups were followed for 12-22 months (average 18.3 months). All patients walked without the crutch at 2-3 months after operation. The Harris score of the mini-incision group and the conventional incision group 6 months after operation was 88.6 +/- 3.6 and 85.8 +/- 3.3, respectively, indicating there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05), but there was significant

  19. Single-dose radiation therapy for prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Healy, W.L.; Lo, T.C.; Covall, D.J.; Pfeifer, B.A.; Wasilewski, S.A.

    1990-01-01

    Single-dose radiation therapy was prospectively evaluated for its efficacy in prevention of heterotopic ossification in patients at high risk after total hip arthroplasty. Thirty-one patients (34 hips) were treated between 1981 and 1988. Risk factors for inclusion in the protocol included prior evidence of heterotopic ossification, ankylosing spondylitis, and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Patients with hypertrophic osteoarthritis or traumatic arthritis with osteophytes were not included. Operations on 34 hips included 19 primary total and 11 revision total hip arthroplasties and 4 excisions of heterotopic ossification. All patients received radiotherapy to the hip after operation with a single dose of 700 centigray. Radiotherapy is recommended on the first postoperative day. After this single-dose radiation treatment, no patient had clinically significant heterotopic ossification. Recurrent disease developed in two hips (6%), as seen on radiography (grades 2 and 3). This series documents a 100% clinical success rate and a 94% radiographic success rate in preventing heterotopic ossification in patients at high risk after total hip arthroplasty. Single-dose radiotherapy is as effective as other radiation protocols in preventing heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. It is less expensive and easier to administer than multidose radiotherapy

  20. Single-dose radiation therapy for prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Healy, W.L.; Lo, T.C.; Covall, D.J.; Pfeifer, B.A.; Wasilewski, S.A. (Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, MA (USA))

    1990-12-01

    Single-dose radiation therapy was prospectively evaluated for its efficacy in prevention of heterotopic ossification in patients at high risk after total hip arthroplasty. Thirty-one patients (34 hips) were treated between 1981 and 1988. Risk factors for inclusion in the protocol included prior evidence of heterotopic ossification, ankylosing spondylitis, and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Patients with hypertrophic osteoarthritis or traumatic arthritis with osteophytes were not included. Operations on 34 hips included 19 primary total and 11 revision total hip arthroplasties and 4 excisions of heterotopic ossification. All patients received radiotherapy to the hip after operation with a single dose of 700 centigray. Radiotherapy is recommended on the first postoperative day. After this single-dose radiation treatment, no patient had clinically significant heterotopic ossification. Recurrent disease developed in two hips (6%), as seen on radiography (grades 2 and 3). This series documents a 100% clinical success rate and a 94% radiographic success rate in preventing heterotopic ossification in patients at high risk after total hip arthroplasty. Single-dose radiotherapy is as effective as other radiation protocols in preventing heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty. It is less expensive and easier to administer than multidose radiotherapy.

  1. Analgesia after total hip replacement: epidural versus psoas ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Capdevila et al. proposed new landmarks and technical guidelines for the psoas compartment block and found it to give optimal analgesia after hip replacement surgery, with few side effects.9. Several studies concluded that surgical analgesia (requiring a more dense block) is achievable using a psoas compartment block, ...

  2. Total Hip Replacement in Sickle Cell Disorder: A Preliminary report ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2018-04-04

    Apr 4, 2018 ... Ituku Ozalla, Enugu, Nigeria. E‑mail: uchekatchy@yahoo.com. Original Article. Introduction. Avascular necrosis of the head of femur is one of the major complications seen in sickle cell disorder (SCD) patients. In terms of pain, level of activity, and function, the hip is one of the most limiting factors in their life.

  3. Cirrhosis is a risk factor for total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deleuran, Thomas; Overgaard, Søren; Vilstrup, Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose - There are limited data on risk factors for avascular necrosis of the hip, but cirrhosis has been proposed as a risk factor. We examined the association between cirrhosis and incidence of total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis. Methods - We used nationwide healthcare......,052 reference individuals. Their median age was 57 years, and 65% were men. 45 cirrhosis patients and 44 reference individuals underwent total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis. Cirrhosis patients' HR for a total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis was 10 (95% CI: 6-17), yet their 5-year risk...... of avascular necrosis was only 0.2%. For the reference individuals, the 5-year risk was 0.02%. Interpretation - Cirrhosis is a strong risk factor for avascular necrosis of the hip, but it is rare even in cirrhosis patients....

  4. Midterm Outcomes of Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Modular Revision Hip System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Marie Anne; Deakin, Angela H; Allen, David; Baines, Joe

    2016-02-01

    The growth in hip arthroplasty surgery has meant a corresponding escalating revision burden with increasing challenges for the orthopaedic surgeon. The purpose of this study was to review clinical outcomes of a modular revision hip system within a single institution. We retrospectively reviewed a cohort of modular revision hip system stems performed in our institution between January 2005 and October 2012 giving a potential minimum follow-up of 2 years. Clinical outcomes data on complications, Oxford Hip Score (OHS, 0-48) and patient satisfaction were collected. Radiographic outcomes including subsidence were assessed. Implant survival was estimated using Kaplan Meier analysis. 115 stems in 106 patients were identified. All cause survival was 82% (95%CIs: 73%-89%) at 6.1 years; survival excluding infection being 99% (95%CIs: 93%-100%). There was a low incidence of subsidence (seven stems) and no peri-prosthetic fractures. Primary cause of re-revision in this series was re-infection with only one re-revision for mechanical failure. Median Oxford Hip Score at mean follow up 4.1 years (2-9) was 40 (14-48) and 93% of patients reported being satisfied with their revision surgery. This study showed good clinical outcomes and survival using a modular revision stem with low mechanical failure and subsidence. Recurrence of infection remains a challenge in revision surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. A Report Of Two Cases Of Uncemented Total Hip Replacement In ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a report of two sickle cell patients (HbSS) with advanced osteoarthritis of the right hip. The patients were in Ficat and Arlet\\'s stage 3 and 4 respectively. Both were females aged 23 and 46 years and they had uncemented hydroxyapatite coated omnifit (Stryker Howmedica Osteonics) total hip prosthetic replacement.

  6. A randomised, controlled clinical study on total hip arthroplasty using 4 different bearings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borgwardt, Arne; Zerahn, Bo; Fabricius, Sandra D

    2017-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare 4 different bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a randomised controlled clinical study on clinical performance. METHODS: 393 patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or avascular necrosis were included and allocated to 1 of the head-and-cup couples zirconia...

  7. [Effect of femoral offset reconstruction on pelvic stability during gait after total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Peihui; Fu, Ming; Mao, Yurong; Kang, Yan; Yang, Zibo; Fang, Shuying; Liao, Weiming

    2011-05-01

    To investigate the effect of femoral offset reconstruction on pelvic stability during gait after total hip arthroplasty. According to the inclusion criteria, 29 patients undergoing unilateral total hip arthroplasty between January 2000 and December 2005 were selected. There were 10 males and 19 females with an average age of 64.3 years (range, 33-75 years). The affected hips included 15 left hips and 14 right hips. The follow-up time was from 5 to 10 years (mean, 7.7 years). The Harris score was 90 to 100 (mean, 97) at last follow-up. The femoral offset ratio (FOR) was calculated by measuring the femoral offset of the bilateral hips on radiograph, and then the patients were divided into 2 groups: group A (the femoral offset of diseased hip was less than that of normal hip, n=10) and group B (the femoral offset of diseased hip was greater than that of normal hip, n=19). The pelvis kinematic variables were measured by three-dimensional gait analysis to collect the magnitude of pelvic oblique angle (POA). In group A, the FOR was 0.81 +/- 0.08 and the POA was (-0.42 +/- 0.91) degrees. In group B, the FOR was 1.27 +/- 0.15 and the POA was (1.02 +/- 0.94) degrees. For the normal hip, the POA was (1.15 +/- 0.85) degrees. The POA was significantly less in group A than in group B and the normal limb (P 0.05). The POA was positive relative with FOR (r = 0.534, P = 0.003), and the regression equation was y = -2.551 + 2.781x. The femoral offset reconstruction is crucial to improve hip abductor function and gait.

  8. TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY IN CHILDREN WHO HAVE UNDERGONE ARTHROPLASTY WITH DEMINERALIZED BONE-CARTILAGE ALLOCUPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir E. Baskov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Treating children with degenerative dystrophic diseases of the hip joint has become one of the most acute problems in contemporary orthopedics. Until recently, we performed arthroplasty by demineralized bone-cartilage allocups (DBCA in the Clinic of the Hip Joint Pathology of the Turner Scientific and Research Institute for Children’s Orthopedics for patients showing clinical and radiological signs of irreversible destruction of the hip joint; we carried out this procedure to preserve the function of the lower limb. However, over the last 8 years, we have changed our protocol for children older than 12 years of age and have replaced DBCA with total hip replacement. In a number of cases, total hip replacement was performed after a previous intervention involving arthroplasty with DBCA. Objective. To determine the technical peculiarities of total hip replacement after a previous intervention involving arthroplasty with DBCA. Material and methods. We analyzed the results of treatment involving various types of hip pathology in 13 children (100% aged between 15 and 16 years [8 girls (61.5% and 5 boys (38.5%]. The medical histories of all 13 children (100% showed repeated operations on the hip joint, ultimately resulting in arthroplasty with DBCA. All 13 children (100% underwent a total hip replacement. Upon hip replacement, all 13 patients (100% showed a pronounced thinning and hardening of the edges and the bottom of the acetabulum, which created some difficulties in the process of acetabular component implantation. The transformation of DBCA was not evident in any of the 13 cases (100%. Results. During the observation period of 3–5 years following total hip arthroplasty, all 13 cases (100% showed recovery in the range of motion and absence of pain. An important criterion for evaluating the quality of care was the complete social and domestic adaptation of all 13 children (100% during the period from 6 to 9 months following total

  9. Management of pelvic discontinuity in revision total hip arthroplasty: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdelnasser, Mohammad K; Klenke, Frank M; Whitlock, Patrick; Khalil, Aly M; Khalifa, Yaser E; Ali, Hassan M; Siebenrock, Klaus A

    2015-01-01

    Pelvic discontinuity is a complex problem in revision total hip arthroplasty. Although rare, the incidence is likely to increase due to the ageing population and the increasing number of total hip arthroplasties being performed. The various surgical options available to solve this problem include plating, massive allografts, reconstruction rings, custom triflanged components and tantalum implants. However, the optimal solution remains controversial. None of the known methods completely solves the major obstacles associated with this problem, such as restoration of massive bone loss, implant failure in the short- and long-term and high complication rates. This review discusses the diagnosis, decision making, and treatment options of pelvic discontinuity in revision total hip arthroplasty.

  10. Tissue preserving total hip arthroplasty using superior capsulotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capuano, N; Del Buono, A; Maffulli, N

    2015-08-01

    The goals of a tissue-preserving minimally invasive approach to the hip are to allow early short-term recovery, achieve hip joint stability, minimize muscle strength loss from surgery, spare the peri-articular soft tissues, and allow unrestricted motion in the long term. Hip arthroplasty in patients with no pre-existing hardware, with a sufficient space between the acetabular rim and greater trochanter; management of subcapital femoral fractures in older patients. Protrusio acetabuli. Joint stiffness. This is the main concern when undertaking the superior capsulotomy. Stiffness may result from bone causes, including ankylosis, large osteophytes, bone bridges etc., extra-articular retraction of surrounding soft tissues with capsular contracture of both ligaments and muscles, or a combination of bony and soft tissues causes, resulting in limited adduction. Indeed, maximal adduction is necessary to increase the distance between the apex of the greater trochanter and the superior acetabular edge. In the approach described in the present article, the real limitation is the impossibility to introduce a straight stem through the trochanteric fossa without weakening the trochantericarea. If adduction is restricted, excessive lateralization of the femoral stem would result in postoperative pain and discomfort, especially as we advocate immediate full weight bearing. Even though patients fare better when the trochanteric area is intact, many types of stem such as the GTS (Biomet), or stem Microplasty (Biomet) or even stem Parva (Adler Ortho) may pressurize the internal bone of the trochanteric structures. Therefore, these stems may be implanted in maximal hip adduction. This is the case in coxa profunda or coxa vara, which require more invasive and destabilizing surgical approaches. Lateral position, 5-8 cm incision from the tip of the greater trochanter, identification and transaction of piriformis tendon. Anterior mobilization of the gluteus minimus and exposure of the

  11. Reconstruction of neglected developmental dysplasia by total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atilla, Bülent

    2016-03-01

    Patients with neglected developmental dysplasia (DDH) face with early osteoarthritis of the hip, limb length inequality and marked disability while total hip reconstruction is the only available choice.DDH has severe morphologic consequences, with distorted bony anatomy and soft tissue contractures around the hip. It is critical to evaluate patients thoroughly before surgery.Anatomic reconstruction at the level of true acetabulum with uncemented implant is the mainstay of treatment. This requires a subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy, which can be realised using different osteotomy and fixation options.Although a demanding technique with a high rate of related complications, once anatomic reconstruction of the hip is achieved, patients have a remarkably good functional capacity and implant survival during long follow-up periods. Cite this article: Atilla B. Reconstruction of neglected developmental dysplasia by total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy. EFORT Open Rev 2016;1:65-71. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.1.000026.

  12. [More muscle mass in men: explanatory model for superior outcome after total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preininger, B; Schmorl, K; von Roth, P; Winkler, T; Matziolis, G; Perka, C; Tohtz, S

    2013-02-01

    Men show better functional results after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was a patient-specific analysis of the hip joint muscles in comparison to the joint geometry. In this study 93 computed tomography (CT) scans of the pelvis (45 men, 48 women) were analyzed to determine hip joint geometry and the volume of the gluteus medius (GMV), gluteus maximus (GXV) and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) muscles. The abduction muscle volumes were analyzed with respect to patient-specific adduction moments. The absolute total volume of the hip muscular system (TMV) was larger in men than in women (1913 ccm vs. 1479 ccm; p abduction muscle mass in order to balance adduction moments occurring in the hip joint and therefore have more muscle mass to compensate the inevitable intraoperative muscle damage during THA. This argument supports the extraordinary importance of muscle sparing surgical techniques in women.

  13. Cementless total hip arthroplasty for severely dislocated hips previously treated with Schanz osteotomy of the proximal femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akman, Yunus Emre; Yavuz, Umut; Çetinkaya, Engin; Gür, Volkan; Gül, Murat; Demir, Bilal

    2018-03-01

    We report the short-term outcomes of total hip arthroplasty(THA) in patients previously treated with Schanz osteotomy (SO). Eighteen patients [2 male, 16 female; mean age, 55.4 (range, 50-66) years] who had undergone THA after SO were retrospectively evaluated. Clinical evaluation was performed based on the Harris hip score. Radiological evaluation was performed using full-length radiographs of the lower extremities, pelvis, and hip. The mean follow-up period was 30.8 (range, 18-56) months. Mean femoral shortening was 3.7 (range, 2-5) cm. Perioperative complications occurred in 4 (22.2%) patients. Nonunion was not found at the osteotomy sites. No dislocation was observed. The Trendelenburg sign was positive for five (27.7%) patients, postoperatively. The mean Harris hip score improved from 42.7 to 78.7 (p < 0.05). THA for hips previously treated with SO is technically demanding. If careful preoperative planning is performed, successful treatment can be achieved.

  14. Hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS)--validity and responsiveness in total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsdotter, Anna K; Lohmander, L Stefan; Klässbo, Maria

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate if physical functions usually associated with a younger population were of importance for an older population, and to construct an outcome measure for hip osteoarthritis with improved responsiveness compared to the Western Ontario McMaster osteoarthritis score...

  15. Cementless total hip arthroplasty for patients with Crowe type III or IV developmental dysplasia of the hip: two-stage total hip arthroplasty following skeletal traction after soft tissue release for irreducible hips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Pil Whan; Kim, Jung Il; Kim, Dong Ok; Yu, Cheol Hwan; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Kim, Hee Joong; Yoon, Kang Sup

    2013-09-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a technically demanding procedure for arthroplasty surgeons, and it is often difficult to reduce the hip joint without soft tissue release due to severe flexion contracture. We performed two-stage THAs in irreducible hips with expected lengthening of the affected limb after THA of over 2.5 cm or with flexion contractures of greater than 30 degrees in order to place the acetabular cup in the true acetabulum and to prevent neurologic deficits associated with acute elongation of the limb. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the outcomes of cementless THA in patients with severe DDH with a special focus on the results of two-stage THA. Retrospective clinical and radiological evaluations were done on 17 patients with Crowe type III or IV developmental DDH treated by THA. There were 14 women and 3 men with a mean age of 52.3 years. Follow-ups averaged 52 months. Six cases were treated with two-stage THA followed by surgical hip liberalization and skeletal traction for 2 weeks. The mean Harris hip score improved from 40.9 to 89.1, and mean leg length discrepancy (LLD) in 13 unilateral cases was reduced from 2.95 to 0.8 cm. In the patients who underwent two-stage surgery, no nerve palsy was observed, and the single one-stage patient with incomplete peroneal nerve palsy recovered fully 4 weeks postoperatively. The short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of primary cementless THA for patients with Crowe type III or IV DDH were encouraging. Two-stage THA followed by skeletal traction after soft tissue release could provide alternative solutions to the minimization of limb shortenings or LLD without neurologic deficits in highly selected patients.

  16. Fixation of an Anatomically Designed Cementless Stem in Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shigeru Nakamura

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The Anatomic Fiber Metal plus stem (Zimmer is one of the anatomically designed cementless stems to achieve stable fixation by metaphyseal fit. We studied outcomes of cementless total hip arthroplasty using this stem and possible effects of metaphyseal fit on outcomes. Methods. The cementless total hip arthroplasty using this stem was performed for 155 hips. One hundred and thirty-seven hips of 122 patients were followed for 5 to 16 (mean, 9.7 years and entered into the study. The metaphyseal fit was defined as good or poor in an anteroposterior radiograph after surgery. We studied the fixation of the stem and bone reaction on an anteroposterior radiograph at the final followup. Results. Twelve hips had revision, six acetabular components and six acetabular liners. No stem was revised. The biological fixation of the stem was bone ingrown fixation for 136 hips and unstable for one. The metaphyseal fit was good for 83 hips and poor for 54 hips. There were no differences for stem fixation and bone reaction between the two groups. Conclusions. The fixation of the stem was stable at a mean followup of 9.7 years independently from metaphyseal fit.

  17. Favorable outcome of a total hip arthroplasty with insufficient bone coverage of the roof reinforcement ring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando M. Judas

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: This result can be supported by the good fixation of the metal ring to the pelvis with screws, the adequate orientation of both components of the total hip arthroplasty, and the bone graft incorporation.

  18. Understanding Total Hip Replacement Recovery towards the Design of a Context-Aware Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jimenez Garcia, Juan

    2011-01-01

    Total Hip Replacement (THR) is a common procedure to improve the mobility of elderly with osteoarthritis. Presently information about the recovery process after discharge is unclear. As consequence patients and physiotherapists face uncertainties to follow an adequate trajectory for recovery.

  19. A Numerical Study of Effects of the Manufacture Perturbations to Contacts of the Total Hip Replacement

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Koukal, M.; Fuis, Vladimír; Florian, Z.; Janíček, P.

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 18, č. 1 (2011), s. 33-42 ISSN 1802-1484 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : total hip replacement * FEM * roundness * contact pressure * frictional moment Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics

  20. Cirrhosis is a risk factor for total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deleuran, Thomas; Overgaard, Søren; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Jepsen, Peter

    2016-06-01

    Background and purpose - There are limited data on risk factors for avascular necrosis of the hip, but cirrhosis has been proposed as a risk factor. We examined the association between cirrhosis and incidence of total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis. Methods - We used nationwide healthcare data to identify all Danish residents diagnosed with cirrhosis in 1994-2011, and matched them 1:5 by age and sex to non-cirrhotic reference individuals from the general population. We excluded people with a previous total hip arthroplasty, a previous hip fracture, or a previous diagnosis of avascular necrosis. We used stratified Cox regression to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) for cirrhosis patients relative to reference individuals, adjusting for potential confounders. We used the cumulative incidence function to compute 5-year risks. Results - We included 25,421 cirrhosis patients and 114,052 reference individuals. Their median age was 57 years, and 65% were men. 45 cirrhosis patients and 44 reference individuals underwent total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis. Cirrhosis patients' HR for a total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis was 10 (95% CI: 6-17), yet their 5-year risk of avascular necrosis was only 0.2%. For the reference individuals, the 5-year risk was 0.02%. Interpretation - Cirrhosis is a strong risk factor for avascular necrosis of the hip, but it is rare even in cirrhosis patients.

  1. Is Lumbosacral Plexus Block an Effective and Safe Alternative as Surgical Anesthesia for Total Hip Replacement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Dalsgaard; Larsen, Jens Rolighed; Børglum, Jens

    BACKGROUND An increasing number of patients for total hip replacement presents with cardiovascular comorbidities, that render them fragile to traditional methods of anesthesia. The aim of this intended study is to compare lumbosacral plexus blockade with continuous spinal anesthesia for surgical...... anesthesia in total hip replacement. We hypothesize that lumbosacral plexus blockade induces less hemodynamic impact compared to continuous spinal anesthesia. METHODS Thirty patients (ASA I-III, age ≥ 50 years) will be included for elective hip replacement after informed consent. Hemodynamics...... compared to continuous spinal anesthesia. This might favor the future use of lumbosacral plexus blockade for patients with severe cardiovascular comorbidities....

  2. Radiography, radionuclide imaging, and asthrography in the evaluation of total hip and knee replacement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gelman, M.I.; Coleman, R.E.; Stevens, P.M.; Davey, B.W.

    1978-01-01

    Twenty patients with 21 total joint replacements including 17 hips and 4 knees were studied by plain film radiography, radionuclide imaging, and subtraction arthrography to evaluate these procedures for assessing prosthetic complications. Surgery was performed in 14 patients and confirmed loosening of 8 femoral and 7 acetabular hip prosthesis components and 1 femoral and 4 tibial knee prosthesis components. Plain films suggested loosening of only 9 hip components and no knee components. In contrast, radionuclide imaging and subtraction arthrography were considerably more effective in demonstrating loosening as well as other causes of the painful total joint prosthesis

  3. Is lumbosacral plexus block an effective and safe alternative as surgical anesthesia for total hip replacement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Niels Dalsgaard; Larsen, Jens Rolighed; Børglum, Jens

    BACKGROUND An increasing number of patients for total hip replacement presents with cardiovascular comorbidities, that render them fragile to traditional methods of anesthesia. The aim of this intended study is to compare lumbosacral plexus blockade with continuous spinal anesthesia for surgical...... anesthesia in total hip replacement. We hypothesize that lumbosacral plexus blockade induces less hemodynamic impact compared to continuous spinal anesthesia. METHODS Thirty patients (ASA I-III, age ≥ 50 years) will be included for elective hip replacement after informed consent. Hemodynamics...... compared to continuous spinal anesthesia. This might favor the future use of lumbosacral plexus blockade for patients with severe cardiovascular comorbidities....

  4. Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis: a comprehensive approach for total hip and total knee arthroplasty patient populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miric, A; Lombardi, P; Sculco, T P

    2000-04-01

    One of the most catastrophic complications after total joint arthroplasty is a fatal pulmonary embolism. Thromboembolic disease is particularly a problem in lower extremity joint arthroplasty secondary to the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and proximal propagation of the thrombus. The environment created during total hip and knee arthroplasty fulfills the criteria for DVT formation: vessel wall damage, venous stasis, and a hypercoagulable state. Evidence that suggests the insult and primary event in thrombogenesis occurs during surgery. Until recently, however, the main thrust of DVT prophylaxis has concentrated on the immediate postoperative period. A more global approach to patient care during the 6-week period beginning with surgery may result in more effective DVT prophylaxis. Operative interventions that have proven to be effective include hypotensive epidural anesthesia and intravenous administration of heparin. Postoperative pharmaceutical interventions range from standard doses of aspirin or warfarin to recently studied dosing regimens of low-molecular-weight heparins, antiplatelet agents, and antithrombotic agents. Mechanical prophylaxis has also proved to be a valuable adjunct in DVT prophylaxis during these periods. It is hoped that a more comprehensive approach incorporating several of the aforementioned treatments into a strategy that encompasses the intraoperative and early and late postoperative periods will maximize the effectiveness of DVT prophylaxis.

  5. Assessment and management of chronic pain in patients with stable total hip arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Classen, Tim; Zaps, Daniela; Landgraeber, Stefan; Li, Xinning; Jäger, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful operations that can restore function and relieve pain. Although a majority of the patients achieve significant pain relief after THA, there are a number of patients that develop chronic pain for unknown reasons. A literature search was performed looking for chronic pain after total hip arthroplasty and stable THA. Major causes of chronic pain include aseptic loosening or infection. However, there is a subset of patients with a stable ...

  6. Preoperative radiotherapy (RT) for prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) after total hip replacement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heyd, R.; Schopohl, B.; Boettcher, H.D.; Kirchner, J.

    1997-01-01

    Preliminary results of a prospective study which investigates the efficacy of preoperative radiotherapy (RT) for prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) after total hip arthroplasty are summarized. A total number of 20 hip joints (18 patients) were irradiated with a single dose of 6.0 Gy Brooker grade II). The functional outcome quantified with the Harris score was improved by an average of 37.9 points. The authors conclude that preoperative RT is an effective alternative for postoperative irradiation. (orig.) [de

  7. The sit-to-stand movement: differences in performance between patients after primary total hip arthroplasty and revision total hip arthroplasty with acetabular bone impaction grafting

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonstra, M.C.; Schreurs, B.W.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Little is known about the functional performance of patients after revision total hip arthroplasty with major acetabular bone impaction grafting. In general, these patients are assumed to perform worse due to a more advanced stage of periarticular tissue degeneration and multiple

  8. Total hip arthroplasty for patients with Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip: Ten years results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Wei-Nan; Liu, Jun-Li; Wang, Fu-You; Zhang, Xin; Fan, Hua-Quan; Chen, Guang-Xing; Guo, Lin; Duan, Xiao-Jun; Zhou, Qiang; Yang, Liu

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the rate of union, functional results and complications in patients with Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) who underwent cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with S-ROM prostheses and subtrochanteric transverse shortening osteotomy. Forty-five patients (52 hips) operated between January 2005 and May 2008, with a mean age of 40.6 years at surgery were followed. The mean follow-up period was 9.8 years. Clinical outcomes, radiographic outcomes and complications were evaluated. Osteotomy union occurred in 52 of 52 femurs (100%). Mean Harris hip score improved from 33.7 ± 4.7 preoperatively to 81.2 ± 6.3, 90.8 ± 5.3 and 89.8 ± 7.1 at 1, 5 and 10 years postoperatively. Two patients had temporary sciatic nerve paralysis postoperatively, and 2 patients experienced early postoperative dislocation. Two patients complained about mild longer limb length than the non-operated limb at the last follow-up. Three hips showed osteolysis in Gruen zone 1, and 1 hip showed osteolysis in zone 1 and 7. No implants were revised, and no signs of component loosening and migration were observed at the last follow-up visit. S-ROM stem combined with transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy in THA for patients with Crowe type IV DDH has good clinical results with small risk of complications. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  9. Anteversion of the acetabular component aligned with the transverse acetabular ligament in total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyoshi, Hideaki; Mikami, Hiroshi; Oba, Koichi; Amari, Rui

    2012-06-01

    In total hip arthroplasty (THA), accurately positioning the cup is crucial for achieving an adequate postoperative range of motion and stability. For 47 THA cases in which the inferomedial rim of the cup had been positioned parallel to the transverse acetabular ligament, we retrospectively performed the measurements of the radiographic cup anteversion angle relative to the anterior pelvic plane using 3-dimensional reconstruction computed tomography. The mean anteversion angle was 21.2°, with no significant difference detected in mean cup anteversion between the dysplastic hip group (15 hips) and the control group (15 hips). We suggest that the transverse acetabular ligament is a practical anatomical landmark for determining cup anteversion in THA for both dysplastic and nondysplastic hip cases. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. STUDY OF FUNCTIONAL RESULTS OF CEMENTED TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT BY MOORE’S APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arunim

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION The total hip replacement (THR has probably become the surgical procedure of choice for vide variety of hip joint disabling diseases. The prosthesis used for THR is often grouped into cemented, cement-less and hybrid ones. There has been increasing trends in use of cement-less components citing more number of complications namely loosening, increased infection rate etc. however with additional cost factors as well. We conducted this study to ascertain whether in a developing country like ours should we really switch over to un-cemented hip replacements dreading such complications or can we still use cemented prosthesis with equally good if not better results. METHODS A study of functional results of cemented total hip replacement was done in patients with varied age groups ranging from 40 years to 75 years with the average age being 54.8 years. 20 patients with 21 diseased hips were treated with cemented total hip replacement by Moore’s posterior approach at NSCB Subharti medical college, Meerut, UP from December 2010 to December 2013 and reviewed thereafter with an average follow-up period of 4.2 years. Average surgical time required was one and half hour. Patients were asked to come for follow up on 1st month, 3rd month and 6th month and then every 6 months and were assessed as per modified Harris Hip Score. RESULTS All the patients were evaluated according to the Modified Harris Hip Scoring system. The results showed 14(67% hips with excellent results, 4(19% with good results, and 3(14% hips with fair results. No poor outcome was noted in this study. 2 cases of dislocation (10% were noted one on the 5th post-operative day and the other occurred after the patient was discharged from the institution. CONCLUSIONS The management of diseased and destroyed hips with chronic pain with cemented total hip replacement is effective and gives stable, mobile and painless hip joint to the patient. Functional results are excellent and

  11. Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Polished Tapered Cemented Stem in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akio Kanda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available A 61-year-old Japanese man underwent right total hip arthroplasty for hereditary multiple exostosis. At first presentation, he had suffered from coxalgia for a long time. On radiographic images, there was a gigantic femoral head, increased shaft angle, and large diameter of the femoral neck. He had also developed coxarthrosis and severe pain of the hip joint. The transformation of the proximal femur bone causes difficulty in setting a cementless total hip prosthesis. Therefore, total hip arthroplasty using a cemented polished tapered stem was performed via a direct lateral approach. Using a cemented polished tapered stem allowed us to deal with the femoral bone transformation and bone substance defectiveness due to exostosis and also minimized the invasiveness of the operation.

  12. Manual therapy intervention for a patient with a total hip arthroplasty revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Paul D; Levitsky, Beth

    2007-12-01

    Case report. A 73-year-old active woman with a total hip arthroplasty, who later had revision surgery, developed left hip and buttock pain 2 years after the revision surgery, subsequent to lifting her foot while seated. This movement was performed so that her spouse could assist her in putting on her sock and shoe. During the first physical therapy session, the patient exhibited a forward-flexed trunk posture and difficulty weight bearing on the involved lower limb. The patient was successfully treated with manual therapy techniques and a home exercise program. The manual therapy techniques included long-axis hip distraction, lateral hip distraction, posterior-to-anterior hip joint mobilization, and a contract-relax proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation technique. The patient's home program consisted of long-axis hip distraction, performed by her spouse, and standing lower limb pendular movements into flexion and extension. Pain scale ratings, posture and gait observations, strength, range of motion, and return to functional activities served as outcome measures. After 1 physical therapy visit, in which manual therapy techniques were utilized, the patient had a significant decrease in hip symptoms. The patient and spouse were compliant with the home exercise program and continued with physical therapy for 3 more visits, and the patient ultimately became symptom free. The patient returned to all previous activities, including household chores, cooking, and a walking program. The patient was contacted at 6 months, 1 year, and 4 years, and reported no recurrences of hip or buttock symptoms. Manual therapy techniques and home exercises described in this case report were apparently effective in eliminating symptoms and returning this patient, who had total hip arthroplasty and revision surgery 2 years earlier, to all previous functional activities after a dressing incident produced hip and buttock symptoms.

  13. [Retrospective analysis on total hip arthroplasty for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip in 29 adults].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Yin-Sheng; Lu, Min; Yao, Gong-He; Li, Wei-Ning; Zhu, Fu-Ping; Zhang, Bo

    2013-11-01

    To study the results of the total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) with severe osteoarthritis in adults. From March 2004 to February 2011, 29 patients (32 hips) with DDH were treated by THA with an cementless cup. There were 11 males and 18 females,with an average age of 52.6 years (ranging from 37 to 73 years). Unilateral DDH occurred in 26 patients and bilateral DDH occurred in 3 patients. Based on the Crowe classification, there were 18 hips in 17 patients of type I ,7 hips in 6 patients of type II, 4 hips in 3 patients of type III, 3 hips in 3 patients of type IV. Except for 3 patients with bilateral DDH, the other patients' ill lower limbs were 1 to 6 cm shorter than the healthy lower ones. All the patients were followed up,and the duration ranged from 8 months to 5.3 years(averaged 3.7 years) without infection, dislocation, and sciatic nerves injury after the operation. One patient with proximal femoral fracture, intraoperation used wire binding, after 4 years of follow-up, fracture healed without evidence of prosthesis loosening. All grafts and subtrochanteric osteotomy healing were achieved. In 21 patients, the pain was completely relieved and the function of the hip joints was good. Five patients still had mild limping, but reduced significantly than preoperation. In 3 patients, the ill lower limbs were more than 1 cm shorter than the healthy lower ones and the other patients' ill lower limbs were less than 1 cm shorter than the healthy lower ones. Two patients' lower limbs were lengthened 4 to 5 cm. The Harris scores were 43.6 +/- 7.1 preoperatively and 86.7 +/- 5.3 postoperatively (P < 0.05). THA with deepening the medial wall of the acetabulum at the true acetabulum, according to different characteristics of Crowe classification, using different operation program, cementless cup in adult could obtain favorable results.

  14. Patient-reported outcomes for total hip and knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Collins, Natalie J; Roos, Ewa M.

    2012-01-01

    , and high personal and financial cost associated with THA and TKA, patient-reported outcomes are required to ensure optimal selection of patients, and that postoperative outcomes outweigh the burden associated with surgical procedures. It is clear from the information presented that clinicians need......, particularly to fill some of the gaps regarding known psychometric properties of patient-reported outcomes for THA and TKA. Based on data acquired in THA and TKA patients for the instruments reviewed, it appears that OA-specific and TJA-specific measures for which patients have been involved...... in the developmental process (HOOS, KOOS, WOMAC, Oxford Hip and Knee Scores) can more consistently be considered "good" patient-reported outcomes for THA and TKA. Clinicians wishing to evaluate a broader range of dimensions may choose to complement these with one of the generic measures evaluated, bearing in mind...

  15. Revision total hip arthroplasty with a modular cementless femoral stem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelt, Christoper E; Madsen, Wes; Erickson, Jill A; Gililland, Jeremy M; Anderson, Mike B; Peters, Christopher L

    2014-09-01

    We retrospectively reviewed 123 patients who underwent cementless THA with modular femoral stem designs for revision THA or conversion of failed ORIF and found 75 patients available for analysis. The Harris Hip Score (HHS) improved from 52 ± 14 to 86 ± 11 (P revised in eight patients (11%). The mean time to re-revision was 1.1years (0.13-2.54). Reasons for re-revision included infection (n = 5, 7%), aseptic loosening (n = 2, 3%) and significant pain (n = 1, 1%). There were no failures of the modular junctions. PC stems had an increased rate of intraoperative fractures (PC 28% vs. STS 9%, P = 0.04). Modular cementless femoral stems provide acceptable mid-term results in revision THA. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Calcaneal stress fracture: an adverse event following total hip and total knee arthroplasty: a report of five cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miki, Takaaki; Miki, Takahito; Nishiyama, Akihiro

    2014-01-15

    Stress fractures have been reported to occur in the pubis, femoral neck, proximal part of the tibia, and fabella during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty. However, to our knowledge, calcaneal stress fractures after total hip or total knee arthroplasty have not been reported in the English-language literature. Most orthopaedic surgeons are not familiar with calcaneal stress fractures that may occur in elderly patients after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical features, imaging findings, and bone mineral content of the proximal part of the femur and the distal end of the radius in five patients who had a calcaneal stress fracture after a total knee or total hip arthroplasty. All patients were women with a mean age of 76.8 years. All fractures occurred in the calcaneus on the same side as the arthroplasty. The fracture appeared at a mean of 10.2 weeks postoperatively. All patients reported heel pain on walking. Swelling and local heat were found in four and three patients, respectively. Pain was elicited by squeezing the calcaneus in all patients. Early radiographs had normal findings in two patients, and an irregular sclerotic line appeared later in the radiographs of all patients. All fractures were treated conservatively. Four fractures healed uneventfully, but one fracture displaced. All patients had osteoporosis. Calcaneal stress fractures during the postoperative period following total knee or total hip arthroplasty may not be as rare as previously thought. Because clinical symptoms of the fracture appear insidiously and radiographic findings are absent or subtle in the early stage, a high index of suspicion is needed for orthopaedic surgeons to make the correct diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging or repeated radiographs may be necessary to make the correct diagnosis when no abnormality is apparent on the initial radiograph.

  17. Gluteal muscle damage leads to higher in vivo hip joint loads 3 months after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damm, Philipp; Zonneveld, Jip; Brackertz, Sophie; Streitparth, Florian; Winkler, Tobias

    2018-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is in most cases improving patients´ life quality immediately after surgery. However, a closer look at these patients, especially with modern gait analysis methods, reveals also negative consequences due to the surgical approach related injury to the pelvic muscles. We hypothesized that this damage will have a negative impact on hip joint contact forces during activities of daily living (ADL). 10 patients undergoing THA received an instrumented hip joint implant enabling real time in vivo measurements of hip joint loads using a direct lateral approach. Pre- and 3 months postoperative computed tomography (CT) scans were used for evaluation of the periarticular muscle status, using muscle volume, fat ratio and lean muscle volume as parameters. An analysis of in vivo hip contact forces was made 3 months after THA during ADL (walking, stair climbing, chair rising and sitting) and correlated with the morphology of the periarticular muscles. We found a significant decrease of volume by 25% (-3 to -45, p = 0.005) and increase in fat ratio of the Gluteus Minimus (Gmin), resulting in a decrease in lean muscle volume of 28% (-48 to 0, p = 0.008). This was accompanied by an inverse development in the Tensor Fasciae Latae (TFL) resulting in a lean muscle volume increase of 34% (-2 to -102, p = 0.013). Changes in Gluteus Medius (Gmed) and Gluteus Maximus (Gmax) have not been observed in the short-term follow up. A decreased Gmin lean muscle volume was found to strongly correlate with high in vivo joint contact forces in all tested ADL. The decrease of Gmin volume can be seen as a direct effect of THA surgery, whereas the increase of TFL might compensate for loss of Gmin volume. Lean muscle volume and fat ratio were better predictors for joint contact forces than total muscle volume. These effects were most pronounced during sitting down and standing up due to the higher demand on the gluteal muscles during these activities.

  18. [Prevention of prothesis dislocation after the revision of total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yong-jiang; Zhang, Li-cheng; Yang, Guo-jing; Zhang, Chun-cai; Wang, Wei-liang; Lin, Rui-xin; Cai, Chun-yuan

    2008-03-01

    To explore the role of reconstruction of the posterior capsule and external rotators in prevention of postoperative dislocation in total hip arthroplasty revision following the posterolateral approach. Forty-five patients (47 hips) with the mean age of 65 years (55 to 78 years)of failed total hip arthroplasty were revised following the posterolateral approach. Posterior capsule was sutured to the anterosuperior portion of the capsule from where it had been detached, and the external rotators were then reattached to the soft tissue at the tip of the greater trochanter using 1.0 silk suture in surgery. The dislocation rate and risk factors were reviewed retrospectively to determine if closing the posterior capsule resulted in fewer dislocations. The femoral prosthesis and acetabular prosthesis were revised in 29 patients (31 hips), the liner was exchanged in 5 patients (5 hips), and the acetabular prosthesis or femoral components were revised in 10 patients (10 hips) and one patient (one hip) respectively. The procedure was the patient's first revision in 29 patients (30 hips), the second revision in 15 patients (16 hips), and the third revision in one patient(one hip). Radiographic evaluation included lower limb discrepancy, acetabular phase, femoral offset, anteversion angle, prosthetic loosening before and after revision. Function evaluation based on Harris score system. All patients were followed up with an average of 2.7 years. None of the patients sustained dislocation or infection, except one patient felt the anterior instability but without dislocation, X-ray revealed the acetabular component was in excessively anteversion. Lower leg discrepancy, acetabular abduction, anteversion femoral offest and collodiaphyseal angle were restored to normal level after operation on the basis of X-ray. One of the acetabular components and one of the femoral components were loose without dislocation. The Harris hip score improved from (49.13 +/- 15.53) points preoperatively

  19. Two-Stage Progressive Femoral Lowering Followed by Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty for Treating Crowe IV-Hartofilakidis Type 3 Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binazzi, Roberto

    2015-05-01

    High developmental dysplasia of the hip is commonly treated with total hip arthroplasty and shortening osteotomy. We present a two stage technique, consisting of progressive femoral lowering followed by total hip arthroplasty. The clinico-radiographic results of eleven patients (twelve hips) who were operated on with the two-stage technique were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 11 ± 5 years. At the final follow-up, ten patients (eleven hips) had a mean Harris hip score of 85 ± 5 points with no implant loosening. One patient (one hip) was revised at 5 years due to infection. No neurovascular complications were observed in any patients. With this technique, we could place the cup in the anatomical position and obtain complete limb symmetry with excellent clinical results at long-term. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Treatment of Hip Dysplasia in a Dog after a Failed Triple Pelvic Osteotomy with a Zurich Cementless Total Hip Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SY Heo and H.B Lee*

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available An Alaskan Malamute (2-year-old, castrated male, 41kg was referred with bilateral hind limb lameness. The dog had a history of a bilateral triple pelvic osteotomy (TPO to correct hip dysplasia one year previously, a surgery that was unsuccessful. On physical examination, pain and crepitus were noted in both hip joints. There was hip joint subluxation and mild degenerative changes bilaterally seen by radiograph. A Zurich cementless total hip replacement (ZCTHR was planned for the right hind limb. After a craniolateral approach, an acetabular cup and a cementless femoral stem were implanted. The femoral head was placed in the femoral stem, and the prosthetic joint was then reduced. At a 9 month postoperative checkup, there was no pain on palpation or manipulation of the right pelvic limb, and the range of motion was within normal limits. On radiological examination, there was no implant loosening. The ZCTHR can thus be applied in a failed TPO patient as a revision surgery.

  1. Total hip arthroplasty in young patients using the thrust plate prosthesis: clinical and radiological results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelle, Boris A; Gerich, Torsten G; Bastian, Leonard; Shuler, Franklin D; Pape, Hans-Christoph; Krettek, Christian

    2004-06-01

    The standard treatment for patients who require total hip replacement is the implantation of an intramedullary diaphyseal anchored hip prosthesis. A bone-sparing thrust plate hip prosthesis (TPP) can be used as an alternative device for young patients. The TPP relies on proximal femoral metaphyseal fixation. The theoretical advantage of leaving diaphyseal bone intact is easier conversion to a stemmed prosthesis. This retrospective study evaluated the medium- and short-term results after total joint replacement using the third generation TPP. Between 1997 and 2001, 58 TPPs were used for 52 patients. Clinical and demographic data were obtained from the patients' charts and our electronic database. Their average age at time of surgery was 40.9+/-11.4 years. At follow-up, the Harris hip score, residual pain, required pain medication, and the ability to lie on the operated side were documented. Radiographic evaluation included standardized radiographs of the hip joint and the pelvis. Four patients required revision surgery (6.9%). For 51 of the remaining 54 TPPs, a postoperative functional and radiological status was obtained. The average follow-up was 26+/-11.0 months. 88% of the patients experienced some or complete relief of pain. The median Harris hip score at follow-up was 73+/-20.5 points. A postoperative hip dislocation occurred in 5 patients (8.6%). Since many patients experienced some or complete relief of pain, the TPP can be recommended as a feasible implant for the treatment of hip disorders requiring total hip arthroplasty in young patients. Revision surgeries are facilitated by the good bone stock remaining in the proximal femur.

  2. The result of revision total hip arthroplasty in patients with metallosis following a catastrophic failure of a polyethylene liner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, Hong Suk; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Lee, Young-Kyun; Koo, Kyung-Hoi; Yoon, Kang Sup; Kim, Hee Joong

    2015-03-01

    Wear cannot be completely prevented after total hip arthroplasty. If severe polyethylene (PE) liner wear develops, the so-called catastrophic failure occurs and metallosis develops. We postulated that longevity of the new implant may be affected after revision surgery for metallosis following a catastrophic failure of a PE liner due to the substantial amount of PE wear particles and infiltration of the metal particles in this catastrophic condition. Twenty-three hips of 23 patients were identified because they showed metallosis during revision total hip arthroplasties performed in Seoul National University Hospital between January 1996 and August 2004. They were followed for at least 6.5 years after the index revision total hip arthroplasty. The clinical and radiological results of revision total hip arthroplasties in these patients were evaluated. The median Harris hip score increased from 60 points before revision total hip arthroplasties to 90 points at the final follow-up. Osteolysis was detected at an average of 9.3 years after revision total hip arthroplasties in 13 hips and acetabular cup loosening at average 9.8 years after revision total hip arthroplasties in 9 hips. With radiographic evidence of osteolysis and loosening as the end points, the 15-year survival rates were 28.2% and 56.0%, respectively. The survival rate of revision total hip arthroplasty in patients with metallosis following a catastrophic failure of a PE liner was low.

  3. Chronic asymptomatic dislocation of a total hip replacement: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidder Surjit

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Dislocation of a prosthetic hip is the second most common complication after thromboembolic disease in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, with an incidence reported as 0.5 to 20%. Although the period of greatest risk for dislocation has been reported to be within the first few months after surgery, late dislocation occurs more commonly then previously thought. Case presentation A 60-year-old man underwent a right Exeter cemented total hip replacement and was subsequently discharged after appropriate follow-up. He next presented 8 years later complaining of pain in the left groin. An anterioposterior radiograph of the pelvis revealed degenerative changes in the left hip and a dislocated right total hip replacement. The dislocated femoral component had formed a neoacetabulum within the ilium, in which it was freely articulating. He remained pain-free on this side, had 5 cm of true leg length shortening with a good range of movement and was very pleased with his hip replacement. He was later placed on the waiting list for a left total hip replacement. Conclusion This case illustrates that a dislocated total hip replacement may occasionally not cause symptoms that cause significant discomfort or reduction in range of movement. The prosthetic femoral head can form a neoacetabulum allowing a full range of pain-free movement. Furthermore it emphasises that with an increased trend to earlier hospital discharge and shorter follow-up, potential complications may be missed. We urge a low index of suspicion for potential complications and suggest that regular review with radiographic follow-up should be made.

  4. In Vitro Bioactivity Study of RGD-Coated Titanium Alloy Prothesis for Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Man, Zhentao; Sha, Dan; Sun, Shui; Li, Tao; Li, Bin; Yang, Guang; Zhang, Laibo; Wu, Changshun; Jiang, Peng; Han, Xiaojuan; Li, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common procedure for the treatment of end-stage hip joint disease, and the demand for revision THA will double by 2026. Ti6Al4V (Titanium, 6% Aluminum, and 4% Vanadium) is a kind of alloy commonly used to make hip prothesis. To promote the osseointegration between the prothesis and host bone is very important for the revision THA. The peptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) could increase cell attachment and has been used in the vascular tissue engineering. In this study, ...

  5. Systematic review: Do patient expectations influence treatment outcomes in total knee and total hip arthroplasty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haanstra Tsjitske M

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective This systematic review aims to summarise all the available evidence related to the association between pre-operative patient expectations (outcome expectations, process expectations and self efficacy expectations and 5 different treatment outcomes (overall improvement, pain, function, stiffness and satisfaction in patients with total knee or total hip arthroplasty at three different follow-op periods (>6 weeks; >6 weeks- ≤6 months; >6 months. Methods English and Dutch language articles were identified through PubMed, EMBASE.com, PsycINFO, CINAHL and The Cochrane Library from inception to September 2012. Articles assessing the association between pre-operative patient expectations and treatment outcomes for TKA/THA in either adjusted or unadjusted analysis were included. Two reviewers, working independently, determined eligibility, rated methodological quality and extracted data on study design, population, expectation measurements, outcome measurements and strength of the associations. Methodological quality was rated by the same reviewers on a 19 item scale. The scores on the quality assessment were taken into account when drawing final conclusions. Results The search strategy generated 2252 unique references, 18 articles met inclusion criteria. Scores on the methodological quality assessment ranged between 6% and 79%. Great variety was seen in definitions and measurement methods of expectations. No significant associations were found between patient expectations and overall improvement, satisfaction and stiffness. Both significant positive and non-significant associations were found for the association between expectations and pain and function. Conclusions There was no consistency in the association between patients’ pre-operative expectations and treatment outcomes for TKA and THA indentified in this systematic review. There exists a need for a sound theoretical framework underlying the construct of

  6. Primary total hip replacement for displaced subcapital fractures of the femur.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taine, W H; Armour, P C

    1985-03-01

    The management of displaced subcapital fracture of the hip is still controversial because of the high incidence of complications after internal fixation or hemiarthroplasty. To avoid some of these complications we have used primary total hip replacement for independently mobile patients over 65 years of age. A total of 163 cases, operated on over four years, have been reviewed. There were relatively more dislocations after operation for fracture than after total replacement for arthritis, and these were associated with a posterior approach to the hip. Only seven revision operations have been required. Of 57 patients who were interviewed an average of 42 months after replacement, 62% had excellent or good results as assessed by the Harris hip score. All the others had major systemic disease which affected their assessment. This inadequacy of current systems of hip assessment is discussed. It is concluded that total hip replacement is the best management for a selected group of patients with this injury, and that further prospective studies are indicated.

  7. A Large Rice Body-Containing Cyst Mimicking Infection following Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael Bayoud

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Soft tissue mass following total hip arthroplasty raises several differential diagnoses not limited to infection, hematoma, wear debris, malignancy, and bursitis. Rice body formation in the hip region is an uncommon process denoting a chronic inflammation. We report here the second case of its kind in the medical literature of a wide symptomatic rice-like body cyst complicating a total hip arthroplasty. Case Presentation. This is the case of an 82-year-old white female, presenting with a warm, red, and inflated groin five years after revision of right total hip arthroplasty. Surgical intervention reveals a large well circumscribed cyst containing well-organized rice-like bodies. This eventuality was never reported in differential diagnosis of hip periprosthetic soft tissue masses before. Conclusion. This case report helps widening the array of the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a slow growing soft tissue mass following total hip arthroplasty, making rice-like bodies cyst a valid one to consider.

  8. Can Surgeons Reduce the Risk for Dislocation After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty Performed Using the Posterolateral Approach?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seagrave, Kurt G; Troelsen, Anders; Madsen, Bjørn G

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Hip dislocation is one of the most common postoperative complications after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Potential contributors include patient- and surgical-related factors. We performed a retrospective cohort study to identify risk factors for postoperative dislocation in patients ...

  9. Patient-reported outcomes in patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty after periacetabular osteotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osawa, Yusuke; Hasegawa, Yukiharu; Seki, Taisuke; Takegami, Yasuhiko; Amano, Takafumi; Ishiguro, Naoki

    2017-11-26

    There has been constant discussion about whether the clinical outcome of THA after periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is equivalent to that after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there have been few reports about patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for those who undergo THA after PAO. We compared the pre- and postoperative PRO of patients who underwent THA after PAO and those who underwent primary THA alone. We performed a case-control study. Twenty-seven patients (29 hips) underwent THA after PAO (osteotomy group); their mean age at surgery was 57.2 years, and they underwent postoperative follow-up for a mean period of 3.0 years. For the control group, after matching age, sex, and Crowe classification, we included 54 patients (58 joints) who underwent primary THA for hip dysplasia. Assessment performed preoperatively and at the last follow-up included the Harris hip score, the Short Form 36 (SF-36) for the Physical Component Summary (PCS), Mental Component Summary (MCS), and Role/Social Component Summary (RCS) domains, Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip-Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) for pain, movement, and mental health, and the visual analog scale (VAS) score of hip pain and satisfaction. The two groups demonstrated no significant difference in the preoperative Harris hip score, each domain of the SF-36, JHEQ, and the VAS score of hip pain and satisfaction. The osteotomy group demonstrated significantly poor Harris hip scores for gait and activity, and JHEQ for movement at the last follow-up. There was no significant difference in each domain of the SF-36 and the VAS score of hip pain and satisfaction at the last follow-up. Previous PAO affects the quality of physical function in patients who undergo subsequent THA. Copyright © 2017 The Japanese Orthopaedic Association. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. The Use of PROSTALAC in Two-stage Reimplantation of Septic Total Knee and Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BL Wam

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The PROSTALAC (PROSThesis Antibiotic Loaded Acrylic Cement functional spacer is made with antibiotic-loaded acrylic cement. We use it as an interim spacer in two-stage exchange arthroplasty in cases of infected total knee or total hip replacement. PROSTALAC allows continuous rehabilitation between stages as it maintains good alignment and stability of the joint with a reasonable range of movement. It also helps to maintain the soft-tissue planes, thereby facilitating the second-stage procedure. We report here early outcomes of the use of PROSTALAC in 5 patients - 3 in total knee replacements, 1 in a total hip replacement and 1 in a bipolar hemiarthroplasty.

  11. Case Study of Physiotherapy Treatment of a Patient with the Diagnosis of Total Hip Replacement

    OpenAIRE

    Papageorgiou, Chrystalla

    2014-01-01

    The abstract of my study concerns the treatment of the case of my patient who had an operation of total hip replacement on the right hip joint, caused by post dysplastic arthrosis. My practice was performed at Fakultni Nemocnice Kralovske Vinohrady. Physiotherapy program started on Tuesday 29th of January 2013 and ended on Friday 1st of February 2013. My Bachelor Thesis is divided in two parts: 1) Theoretical part 2) Practical part. In the theoretical part I analyse everything concerning the ...

  12. A New Multi-disciplinary Rehabilitation Outcome Checklist for the Rehabilitation of Total Knee and Total Hip Replacement Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nang-Man Raymond Wong

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Use of clinical pathways in the rehabilitation of total knee and total hip replacement patients is on an increasing trend. However, in the literatures there was no universally agreed assessment and auditing method on the outcome of these clinical pathways. We created a new multi-disciplinary rehabilitation outcome checklist (MROC to evaluate and audit the outcome of our patients after total joint replacement. MROC was applied in 96 total knee and 18 total hip replacement patients. The compliance rate of MROC was 100%. Most of the treatment goals of the clinical pathways were found to be fulfilled. The MROC provides an easy-to-use, free-of-charge, and tailor-made checklist for the evaluation and auditing purpose.

  13. [Mid-term effectiveness of total hip arthroplasty with collum femoris preserving prosthesis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Mingqing; Hu, Yihe; Li, Kanghua; Liao, Qiande; Wen, Ting; Zhong, Da

    2012-08-01

    To discuss the clinical application of total hip arthroplasty (THA) with collum femoris preserving (CFP) prosthesis and to analyze the mid-term effectiveness. Between January 2004 and February 2007, 45 patients (48 hips) underwent THA with CFP prosthesis. There were 29 males (31 hips) and 16 females (17 hips) with an average age of 48.8 years (range, 38-60 years), including 20 left hips, 22 right hips, and 3 bilateral hips. The causes of hip replacement were osteoarthritis (20 cases), avascular necrosis of femoral head (13 cases), dysplasia (4 cases), rheumatoid arthritis (3 cases), posttraumatic osteoarthritis (2 cases), ankylosing spondylitis (2 cases), and Perths disease (1 case). The average disease duration was 6.1 years (range, 2-13 years). Harris scores, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and the hip range of motion (ROM) were recorded at pre- and post-operation. The X-ray films were taken at pre- and post-operation to observe the position, loosening of the prosthesis, and ectopic ossification. The gait of patients were also evaluated during follow-up. Short-form 36 health survey scale (SF-36) was used to evaluate the life quality of patients. All 45 patients were followed up 5-8 years with an average of 6.4 years. All the incisions healed by first intention. No infection, hip dislocation, nerve injury, or deep vein thrombosis occurred. Six cleavage fractures (13.3%) of the lateral femoral diaphysis at the distal prosthesis occurred during operation, which healed at 8 months postoperatively without any treatment. Mild ectopic ossification occurred in 4 patients (8.9%) who had no discomfort. Five patients (11.1%) had bone mineral density loss in the region of the proximal femur. The survival rates of the cups and stems were all 100% at last follow-up. The results of Harris score, VAS score, and ROM of the hip joint at 1 year postoperatively and last follow-up were significantly better than preoperative ones (P 0.05) except the Harris score (P fair in 6 hips

  14. Abrasive wear and metallosis associated with cross-linked polyethylene in total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Sean T; Burnell, Colin D; Hedden, David R; Brandt, Jan-M

    2013-01-01

    A 34-year-old female patient received a cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy femoral head on cross-linked polyethylene total hip replacement for the revision of her fractured ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement. The CoCr alloy femoral head became severely worn due to third-body abrasive wear by ceramic particles that could not be removed by synovectomy or irrigation at revision surgery. Ceramic particles were found embedded in the cross-linked polyethylene liner. The CoCr alloy femoral head exhibited a total mass loss of 14.2 g and the generated wear particles triggered metallosis in the patient. The present case study suggests not revising a fractured ceramic-on-ceramic total hip replacement with a CoCr alloy femoral head and a cross-linked polyethylene liner to avoid metallosis due to third-body abrasive wear. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Feasibility of Early-Initiated Progressive Resistance Training after Total Hip Replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Mechlenburg, Inger; Petersen, Annemette Krintel

    Background: Muscle atrophy, reduced hip muscle strength and function are documented within the first weeks after Total Hip Replacement (THR). Purpose / Aim of Study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of early-initiated progressive resistance training (PRT) after THR....... Materials and Methods: 10 patients were followed 4 weeks post THR. The PRT was initiated 2-5 days after surgery, and performed twice a week for 4 weeks. Unilateral exercises were performed in 4 training machines applying 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 10 RM (repetition maximum). Absolute loading (kg) and pain......, mean (sd): 0.98 (0.26), 1.03 (0.29) Nm/kg, p=0.52. Conclusions: It seems feasible to commence PRT within the first week after THR, as hip pain remained the same or decreased, while the training load increased progressively. The included patients reached their preoperative hip-strength levels after 4...

  16. Recovery in mechanical muscle strength following resurfacing vs standard total hip arthroplasty - a randomised clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Carsten; Aagaard, Per; Overgaard, S

    2011-01-01

    in maximal lower limb muscle strength (in 2/6 muscle groups) compared to S-THA. Notably, the attenuated strength recovery following R-THA was most markedly manifested in the late phase (1 yr) of post-surgical recovery, and appeared to be due to the detachment of the lower half of the gluteus maximus muscle...... randomised into (A) standard total hip arthroplasty (S-THA) and (B) resurfacing total hip arthroplasty (R-THA). Pre-surgery assessment and follow-up were conducted (8, 26 and 52 wks). Maximal isometric muscle strength (Nm) and between-limb asymmetry for the knee extensors/flexors, hip adductors....../abductors, hip extensors/flexors were analysed. RESULTS: Maximal knee extensor and hip abductor strength were higher in S-THA than R-THA at 52 wks post-surgery (P ≤ 0.05) and hip extensors tended to be higher in S-THA at 52 wks (P = 0.06). All muscle groups showed substantial between-limb strength asymmetry (7...

  17. The Effect of Prior Hip Arthroscopy on Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Institutional Registry-Based, Matched Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konopka, Joseph F; Buly, Robert L; Kelly, Bryan T; Su, Edwin P; McLawhorn, Alexander S

    2018-02-02

    A significant number of patients who undergo hip arthroscopy will subsequently undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA), although limited evidence exists regarding effects of prior hip arthroscopy on the outcomes of these procedures. Of 5091 patients who underwent hip arthroscopy, we identified 69 patients who underwent subsequent THA (46) or HRA (23). Patients were matched to patients with no history of hip arthroscopy. Preoperative and 2-year postoperative Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Short Form-12, Lower Extremity Activity Scale score, and satisfaction surveys were compared. Patients who underwent THA with history of arthroscopy had lower postoperative Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score Pain (82 ± 16 vs 93 ± 9, P = .003), Stiffness (85 ± 16 vs 93 ± 15, P = .01), Sports and Recreation (71 ± 22 vs 88 ± 18, P = .003), Quality-of-Life (65 ± 22 vs 86 ± 11, P Hip arthroscopy before hip arthroplasty is associated with slightly lower results in several patient-reported outcomes. These results are relevant when assessing patients for hip arthroscopy and when counseling prospective arthroplasty patients with history of arthroscopy. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Clinical results of cementless total hip arthroplasty with shortening osteotomy for high dislocation with developmental dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desteli, Engin Eren; Imren, Yunus; Tan, Erkan; Erdoğan, Murat; Özcan, Hüseyin

    2015-03-01

    Total hip arthroplasty for severe developmental dysplasia of the hip is a technically challenging procedure. Subtrochanteric femoral osteotomy enables reducing the femoral head and restoring abductor muscle strength without compromising proximal femoral bone stock in advanced dysplasia.We aimed to retrospectively evaluate Crowe type III or IV developmental dysplasia of the hip who underwent reconstruction with cementless total hip arthroplasty combined with a transverse subtrochanteric femoral osteotomy. Sixty hips of 52 patients (11 male, 49 female) with Crowe type III (n: 37) or IV (n: 23) developmental dysplasia of the hip were included. The average age was 51.4 years. Surgery was performed in lateral decubitis position with posterolateral approach. Subtrochanteric transverse femoral osteotomy were used with cementless components. 40 of the femoral components were Secur-Fit type, and 20 of them were secur-fit plus max type. Ceramic-ceramic coupling was used in 24 cases and metal-polyethylene coupling was used in 36 cases. Merle D'Aubigne and Harris Hip score were used to rate the clinical outcome at the final follow up. All femoral shortening osteotomies were united at a mean of 5.7 months. Mean Merle D'Aubigne pain score was increased from 3.1 to 5.4, and mean Harris Hip score improved from 39 to 92.8, postoperatively (p<0.01). There was no significant difference in time to union between different types of stems. 4 femoral stems had asymptomatic radiolucent lines. There was no significant difference in time to union between different types of stems.

  19. Early patient-reported outcomes versus objective function after total hip and knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luna, I E; Kehlet, H; Peterson, B

    2017-01-01

    AIMS: The purpose of this study was to assess early physical function after total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA), and the correlation between patient-reported outcome measures, physical performance and actual physical activity (measured by actigraphy). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 pati...

  20. Small increase of actual physical activity 6 months after total hip or knee arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.B. de Groot (Ingrid); J.B.J. Bussmann (Hans); H.J. Stam (Henk); J.A.N. Verhaar (Jan)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractLimitation in daily physical activity is one of the reasons for total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, studies of the effects of THA or TKA generally do not determine actual daily activity as part of physical functioning. We determined the effect of THA

  1. BIOMECHANICAL JUSTIFICATION OF THE THREADED ELEMENT’S FORM OF THE TOTAL HIP ENDOPROSTHESIS’ ACETABULAR COMPONENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PANCHENKO S. P.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Formulation of the problem. Total hip replacement (THR remains to be responsible for the markable clinical achievements of contemporal orthopaedic surgery [1; 2; 4]. It should be noted, that numerous efforts to create an “ideal” uncemented hip endoprosthesis’ construction were failed, but led into wide diversity of implants. Such a diversity allowes to individualize implant type selection and to improve implant’s survival and total THR’s clinical outcomes [1; 4]. Outcomes mentioned above determine successful application of total hip replacement as a treatment method. Consequently, development of new and improvement of existing hip endoprosthesis’ constructions seems to be of current interest for contemporal orthopaedic surgery. Purpose. To determine optimal parametres of threaded element’s geometry of total hip endoprosthesis’ threaded acetabular component. Conclusion. There were revealed that threaded element model with right-angled triangle transverse section shape seems to be the most effective considering hardness, while the triangle is leaned on the bone massive with its cathetus. At the same time, results of calculations represent pelvic bone stress-strain state during THR quantitavely and stipulate further research.

  2. Dislocation of total hip replacement in patients with fractures of the femoral neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enocson, Anders; Hedbeck, Carl-Johan; Tidermark, Jan; Pettersson, Hans; Ponzer, Sari; Lapidus, Lasse J

    2009-04-01

    Total hip replacement is increasingly used in active, relatively healthy elderly patients with fractures of the femoral neck. Dislocation of the prosthesis is a severe complication, and there is still controversy regarding the optimal surgical approach and its influence on stability. We analyzed factors influencing the stability of the total hip replacement, paying special attention to the surgical approach. We included 713 consecutive hips in a series of 698 patients (573 females) who had undergone a primary total hip replacement (n = 311) for a non-pathological, displaced femoral neck fracture (Garden III or IV) or a secondary total hip replacement (n = 402) due to a fracture-healing complication after a femoral neck fracture. We used Cox regression to evaluate factors associated with prosthetic dislocation after the operation. Age, sex, indication for surgery, the surgeon's experience, femoral head size, and surgical approach were tested as independent factors in the model. The overall dislocation rate was 6%. The anterolateral surgical approach was associated with a lower risk of dislocation than the posterolateral approach with or without posterior repair (2%, 12%, and 14%, respectively (p replacement in patients with femoral neck fractures.

  3. Total hip arthroplasty (S-ROM stem) and subtrochanteric osteotomy for Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Liangtao; Yu, Mingyang; Yang, Chen; Gu, Guishan

    2016-01-01

    Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in adults with severe pain and disability is best treated by total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the outcomes of subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy combined with THA using S-ROM stem for those severe patients with a special focus on the effect of two shapes in the subtrochanteric osteotomy ends: Oblique and transverse. Twenty one cases with mean age of 43.6 years who met inclusion criteria and were operated between February 2007 and February 2012 were included in the study. Those cases had been divided into two groups (oblique vs. transverse) and all records between the two groups were analyzed. The Harris hip score significantly improved from 30.6 (range 18-59) preoperatively to 91.2 (range 87-98) postoperatively by the latest followup. Complications including one deep venous thrombosis, one intraoperative fracture of femur and two dislocations occurred while they were addressed properly afterward. The oblique group showed significant advantages in operative time, union time and additional fixation in comparison with the transverse group. In the primary THA for the treatment of irreducible DDH, subtrochanteric oblique osteotomy combined with the freely-rotatable S-ROM stem provided favorable short term outcomes by affording both morphological and functional advantages.

  4. Early results of metal on metal articulation total hip arthroplasty in young patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamad, J A; Kwan, M K; Merican, A M; Abbas, A A; Kamari, Z H; Hisa, M K; Ismail, Z; Idrus, R M

    2004-12-01

    We report our early experience of 20 cases of metal on metal articulation total hip arthroplasty in 19 young patients. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (63%) was the commonest diagnosis for patients undergoing this procedure, followed by osteoarthritis (21%). In general, most of the patients were young and physically active with an average age of 43.1 years (range, 25 to 58 years). The average follow-up period was 18 months (range, 7 to 46 months). The mean total Harris Hip Score preoperatively and at final follow-up was 31 points and 89 points respectively. The mean total Pain Score improved from an average of 11.5 to 41.1 points at final follow-up. Sixteen (84%) of the patients had a good to excellent hip score. There was one dislocation, which stabilized after reduction and conservative management. One case of early infection underwent a two-staged revision.

  5. Use of a long distally fixed intramedullary stem to treat a periprosthetic femoral fracture following total hip arthroplasty using a thrust plate hip prosthesis: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Hatanaka, Hiroyuki; Motomura, Goro; Ikemura, Satoshi; Sonoda, Kazuhiko; Kubo, Yusuke; Utsunomiya, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Takuaki; Nakashima, Yasuharu

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: The thrust plate hip prosthesis (TPP; Zimmer, Winterthur, Switzerland) is a hip prosthesis that is no longer in production. Few reports have focused on periprosthetic fractures following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the use of a TPP. Presentation of case: We report a 57-year-old woman with a periprosthetic femoral fracture 13 years after THA with the use of a TPP. A plain radiograph showed a displaced subtrochanteric fracture of the right femur just below the distal tip ...

  6. Total hip replacement for the treatment of end stage arthritis of the hip: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Tsertsvadze

    Full Text Available Evolvements in the design, fixation methods, size, and bearing surface of implants for total hip replacement (THR have led to a variety of options for healthcare professionals to consider. The need to determine the most optimal combinations of THR implant is warranted. This systematic review evaluated the clinical effectiveness of different types of THR used for the treatment of end stage arthritis of the hip.A comprehensive literature search was undertaken in major health databases. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs and systematic reviews published from 2008 onwards comparing different types of primary THR in patients with end stage arthritis of the hip were included.Fourteen RCTs and five systematic reviews were included. Patients experienced significant post-THR improvements in Harris Hip scores, but this did not differ between impact types. There was a reduced risk of implant dislocation after receiving a larger femoral head size (36 mm vs. 28 mm; RR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.78 or cemented cup (vs. cementless cup; pooled odds ratio: 0.34, 95% CI: 0.13, 0.89. Recipients of cross-linked vs. conventional polyethylene cup liners experienced reduced femoral head penetration and revision. There was no impact of femoral stem fixation and cup shell design on implant survival rates. Evidence on mortality and complications (aseptic loosening, femoral fracture was inconclusive.The majority of evidence was inconclusive due to poor reporting, missing data, or uncertainty in treatment estimates. The findings warrant cautious interpretation given the risk of bias (blinding, attrition, methodological limitations (small sample size, low event counts, short follow-up, and poor reporting. Long-term pragmatic RCTs are needed to allow for more definitive conclusions. Authors are encouraged to specify the minimal clinically important difference and power calculation for their primary outcome(s as well CONSORT, PRISMA and STROBE guidelines to ensure better

  7. MRI of early symptomatic metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty: a retrospective review of radiological findings in 20 hips

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toms, A.P.; Marshall, T.J.; Cahir, J.; Darrah, C.; Nolan, J.; Donell, S.T.; Barker, T.; Tucker, J.K.

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To perform a retrospective review of all the conventional radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies performed in patients with early postoperative pain following cobalt-chrome metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective review of the radiology, surgical findings and histology in nineteen patients who had undergone a total of 20 hip arthroplasties using a cobalt-chromium on cobalt-chromium alloy prosthesis was undertaken. Results: Measures of implant placement on the immediate postoperative radiographs were all within the normal ranges (n = 20). Where more than one postoperative radiograph was available statistical analysis revealed no evidence of progressive change before the MRI examination (14). The median postoperative time to MRI was 35 months (range 11-63 months). Abnormalities were demonstrated using MRI in all symptomatic hips (n = 20). These comprised: periprosthetic fluid collections (20), which were isointense to muscle on T1-weighted images in 19 cases and hyperintense on T2-weighted images in 18 cases, periprosthetic bone marrow oedema (n = 6), muscle oedema (n = 4), avulsion of the gluteus minimus and medius tendons (n = 5), atrophy of piriformis (n = 15) and obturator internus (n = 17), and fracture of the medial calcar (n = 1). Operative findings in patients who had undergone revision surgery (n = 15) included: fluid-filled cavities (n = 11), soft tissue necrosis (n = 8), gluteal tendon avulsion (n = 5), proximal femoral diaphyseal necrosis (n = 4), and pitting and corrosion of the femoral stems (n = 8), which were, in all cases, firmly fixed to the cement mantle. Histology revealed viable tissue in six hips with necrosis (n = 12) and fibrin deposition (n = 15) being the predominate findings. Other findings included a perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate (n = 5), features of active inflammation (n = 4), and metallosis (n = 1). Conclusion: A significant number of patients with metal-on-metal hip replacements

  8. MRI of early symptomatic metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty: a retrospective review of radiological findings in 20 hips

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toms, A.P. [Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom)], E-mail: andoni.toms@nnuh.nhs.uk; Marshall, T.J.; Cahir, J. [Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom); Darrah, C.; Nolan, J. [Department of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom); Donell, S.T. [Institute of Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom); Barker, T. [Department of Pathology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom); Tucker, J.K. [Department of Orthopaedics, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, Norfolk (United Kingdom)

    2008-01-15

    Aim: To perform a retrospective review of all the conventional radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies performed in patients with early postoperative pain following cobalt-chrome metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty. Methods: A retrospective review of the radiology, surgical findings and histology in nineteen patients who had undergone a total of 20 hip arthroplasties using a cobalt-chromium on cobalt-chromium alloy prosthesis was undertaken. Results: Measures of implant placement on the immediate postoperative radiographs were all within the normal ranges (n = 20). Where more than one postoperative radiograph was available statistical analysis revealed no evidence of progressive change before the MRI examination (14). The median postoperative time to MRI was 35 months (range 11-63 months). Abnormalities were demonstrated using MRI in all symptomatic hips (n = 20). These comprised: periprosthetic fluid collections (20), which were isointense to muscle on T1-weighted images in 19 cases and hyperintense on T2-weighted images in 18 cases, periprosthetic bone marrow oedema (n = 6), muscle oedema (n = 4), avulsion of the gluteus minimus and medius tendons (n = 5), atrophy of piriformis (n = 15) and obturator internus (n = 17), and fracture of the medial calcar (n = 1). Operative findings in patients who had undergone revision surgery (n = 15) included: fluid-filled cavities (n = 11), soft tissue necrosis (n = 8), gluteal tendon avulsion (n = 5), proximal femoral diaphyseal necrosis (n = 4), and pitting and corrosion of the femoral stems (n = 8), which were, in all cases, firmly fixed to the cement mantle. Histology revealed viable tissue in six hips with necrosis (n = 12) and fibrin deposition (n = 15) being the predominate findings. Other findings included a perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate (n = 5), features of active inflammation (n = 4), and metallosis (n = 1). Conclusion: A significant number of patients with metal-on-metal hip replacements

  9. Quality of Life in Sickle Cell Patients After Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azam, Md Quamar; Sadat-Ali, Mir

    2016-11-01

    Osteonecrosis of femoral head is a serious relentlessly progressive and disabling complication in 20%-50% of sickle cell patients, majority of whom are in their second to third decades. High perioperative medical complications and short survivorship have historically discouraged arthroplasty surgeons in offering total hip arthroplasty to sickle cell patients in their 30s for the fear of inevitable technically demanding revision. In this retrospective study, the primary objective was to assess the impact of early intervention on quality of life (QOL) at midterm follow-up of mean 7.5 years using uncemented porous-coated total hip arthroplasty. The secondary objective of this study was the survival of the prostheses within the same follow-up period and discussion of surgical challenges faced in this cohort of patients. A total of 67 (84 hip arthroplasties) sickle cell patients with advance osteonecrosis of femoral head who underwent cementless porous-coated proximal fixation are included in this study. Modified Harris Hip Score, visual analog scale, and QOL assessment criteria are used to assess the outcome. Revision surgery was required in 7 patients for aseptic loosening and in 1 patient due to late infection. Visual analog scale improved from average 7 (6-9) to 3 (2-5). Mean Harris Hip Score improved from 46 (32-58) to 81 (74-86). QOL score rose from a mean of 3 (range 1-4) to 7 (range 6-9). In terms of gender, survival in males was 94.30%, whereas in females, it was 88.767%. Revision surgery was required in 7 patients due to aseptic loosening and in 1 patient due to late infection at 7 years. We recommend early hip arthroplasty in sickle cell patients, if the hip has reached a stage of irreversible damage and patient's lifestyle is severely compromised to minimize chronic suffering and disability. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Intraoperative femoral head dislodgement during total hip arthroplasty: a report of four cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Siddiqi, DO

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Dislodgment of trial femoral heads and migration into the pelvis during total hip arthroplasty is a rarely reported complication with limited published cases. There are three primary mechanisms of femoral head separation: dislodgement during reduction attempt, disassociation from anterior dislocation while assessing anterior stability, and during dislocation after implant trialing. If the trial femoral migrates beyond the pelvic brim, it is safer to finish the total hip arthroplasty and address the retained object after repositioning or in a planned second procedure with a general surgeon. We recommend operative retrieval since long-term complications from retention or clinical results are lacking.

  11. Hemorrhagic iliopsoas bursitis complicating well-functioning ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kyung Soon; Diwanji, Sanket R; Kim, Hyung Keun; Song, Eun Kyoo; Yoon, Taek Rim

    2009-08-01

    Iliopsoas bursitis has been increasingly recognized as a complication of total hip arthroplasty and is usually associated with polyethylene wear. Here, the authors report a case of hemorrhagic iliopsoas bursitis complicating an otherwise well-functioning ceramic-on-ceramic arthroplasty performed by minimal invasive modified 2-incision technique. The bursitis in turn resulted in femoral nerve palsy and femoral vein compression. In this report, there was no evidence to support that the bursitis was due to an inflammatory response to ceramic wear particles or any other wear particles originating from the total hip arthroplasty.

  12. [Gluteal compartment syndrome after total hip replacement. A presentation of two cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba, J; Solernou, X

    2013-01-01

    Many postoperative complications have been described after a total hip arthroplasty, with early and acute, as well as late, complications being reported. Two cases of compartment syndrome of the buttock are described following a hybrid total hip arthroplasty (cemented stem and press-fit and screwed acetabulum) performed on 2 patients of 60 and 68 years old, both diagnosed and treated 24-48 hours after the surgery. Both cases had a primary prosthesis with no previous significant pathological findings. This condition is still rare, and few cases have been described at the medical literature. Copyright © 2012 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  13. A simple technique to remove well-fixed acetabular components in revision of total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoqi Zhang, MD

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Removing well-fixed acetabular components can be a challenge for orthopaedic surgeons in revision of total hip arthroplasty. Acetabular bone loss, fracture, and other complications occurred in extracting implants may result in instability and fail of revision. Thus, instruments are developed to avoid such complications. We report a simple technique by drilling a tunnel on the superolateral quadrant of acetabulum and using an offset staff to remove acetabular components without many matching units. The procedure of removing well-fixed acetabular components is a simple, efficient, inexpensive, bone stock preserving technique. Keywords: Total hip arthroplasty, Acetabular revision, Removing acetabular components

  14. Assessment of total hip arthroplasty as a predisposing factor for ischiofemoral impingement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira, Adriana L.; Azevedo, Debora C.; Eajazi, Alireza; Palmer, William E.; Bredella, Miriam A.; Kwon, Young-Min; Torriani, Martin

    2015-01-01

    To examine the effect of total hip arthroplasty (THA) on ischiofemoral (IF) and quadratus femoris (QF) spaces with the hypothesis that THA does not affect ischiofemoral relationships. The study was IRB approved and complied with HIPAA guidelines. We identified consecutive MR examinations (pelvis and/or hip) obtained at our institution in adults (≥18 years old) screened for THA-related complications. Native hips from the same individuals served as controls. We collected medical record data including age, gender, surgical history, and THA designs. Two radiologists independently measured the IF-RAD and IF-MRI (IF space on radiographs and MR imaging, respectively) and QF space (on MR imaging). Groups were compared using ANCOVA controlled for gender. The study group comprised 250 hips (132 subjects; 162 post-THA and 88 native hips). Subjects were aged 59 ± 10 years, with 66 males and 66 females. Comparison of IF-MRI and QF spaces between native and post-THA hips showed no differences (P > 0.12) and IF-RAD was higher in post-THA subjects (P = 0.01). No differences in the IF-MRI and QF spaces were present between native hips and different THA designs (P > 0.4). IF-RAD of metal-on-metal THA was higher than that of native hips (P = 0.01) and trended higher than ceramic-on-polyethylene THA (P = 0.08), with the remaining comparisons showing no significant differences (P > 0.4). Radiographic- and MRI-based measures in patients with standard THA do not show narrowing of IF and QF spaces. (orig.)

  15. Assessment of total hip arthroplasty as a predisposing factor for ischiofemoral impingement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Adriana L.; Azevedo, Debora C.; Eajazi, Alireza; Palmer, William E.; Bredella, Miriam A. [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Boston, MA (United States); Kwon, Young-Min [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Department of Orthopedics, Boston, MA (United States); Torriani, Martin [Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Boston, MA (United States); Massachusetts General Hospital, Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States)

    2015-12-15

    To examine the effect of total hip arthroplasty (THA) on ischiofemoral (IF) and quadratus femoris (QF) spaces with the hypothesis that THA does not affect ischiofemoral relationships. The study was IRB approved and complied with HIPAA guidelines. We identified consecutive MR examinations (pelvis and/or hip) obtained at our institution in adults (≥18 years old) screened for THA-related complications. Native hips from the same individuals served as controls. We collected medical record data including age, gender, surgical history, and THA designs. Two radiologists independently measured the IF-RAD and IF-MRI (IF space on radiographs and MR imaging, respectively) and QF space (on MR imaging). Groups were compared using ANCOVA controlled for gender. The study group comprised 250 hips (132 subjects; 162 post-THA and 88 native hips). Subjects were aged 59 ± 10 years, with 66 males and 66 females. Comparison of IF-MRI and QF spaces between native and post-THA hips showed no differences (P > 0.12) and IF-RAD was higher in post-THA subjects (P = 0.01). No differences in the IF-MRI and QF spaces were present between native hips and different THA designs (P > 0.4). IF-RAD of metal-on-metal THA was higher than that of native hips (P = 0.01) and trended higher than ceramic-on-polyethylene THA (P = 0.08), with the remaining comparisons showing no significant differences (P > 0.4). Radiographic- and MRI-based measures in patients with standard THA do not show narrowing of IF and QF spaces. (orig.)

  16. Early Results of Total Hip·Joint Replacement

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1974-09-28

    Sep 28, 1974 ... If a series comprises only 2 grades, the figure after the decimal point indicates the per- centage in the higher group, e.g. with a series containing only 4s and Ss, an average of 4,7 indicates that 70% of cases are in grade 5. The greatest value of decimal frac- tions is with regard to the total range of movement ...

  17. Value of scintiscanning in supporting the radiological diagnosis of loosening of total hip endoprotheses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fritsche, H.J.; Kadner, P.; Schneider, G. (Karl-Marx-Universitaet, Leipzig (German Democratic Republic). Radiologische Klinik)

    1984-01-01

    In 80 cases of total hip endoprotheses with suspicion on loosening bone scintigraphy was performed and compared to clinical and radiological findings. The radiographs of total hip endoprotheses are often dubious and additional bone scintigrams can provide information for the evaluation of the femoral part of the prothesis. Increased radioactivity of the acetabulum can be interpreted only with caution as a sign of loosening of the prothesis. In evaluating the scintigram not only the quantity of the isotope but mainly its distribution and exact localization are of diagnostic relevance. A negative scintigram in painful hip one year following operation does not indicate instability of the prothesis, but it is highly important for the clinician.

  18. The direct anterior approach for acetabular augmentation in primary total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erin Honcharuk, MD

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Addressing acetabular bone defects can be difficult and depends on the amount of bone loss. Augments, either with bone or highly porous metals, are options that still allow the use of a hemispherical cup. Almost all previous research and publication on acetabular augments have focused on revision hip arthroplasty utilizing either a modified lateral or a posterolateral surgical approach. We describe 3 cases of augmenting acetabular bone defects through a direct anterior approach for primary total hip arthroplasty. We achieved proper cup placement, alignment, and augment incorporation while reconstructing complex acetabular deficiencies. All patients had complete pain relief and a satisfactory clinical outcome with stable radiographs at follow-up. With appropriate training, acetabular augmentation can be performed safely and efficiently with excellent clinical results through this approach. Keywords: Total hip arthroplasty, Direct anterior approach, Acetabular augment, Acetabular defect

  19. Preoperative irradiation for prevention of heterotopic ossification following prosthetic total hip replacement. Results of a prospective study in 462 hips

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koelbl, O.; Seufert, J.; Pohl, F.; Flentje, M. [Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany). Klinik and Poliklinik for Radiotherapy; Tauscher, A.; Springorum, H.W. [Caritas Hospital, Bad Mergentheim (Germany). Orthopedic Clinic; Lehmann, H. [Caritas Hospital, Bad Mergentheim (Germany). Inst. of Radiology

    2003-11-01

    Background: The effectiveness of pre- or postoperative radiotherapy for prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) following total hip replacement (THR) has already been demonstrated in the past. Thereby, in most studies using preoperative radiotherapy patients were irradiated < 6 h before surgery. The purpose of this prospective study was to analyze the effectiveness of preoperative irradiation on the evening before surgery and to identify risk factors for HO in a homogeneous collective of patients. Patients and Methods: From July 1997 to July 2001, 416 patients (462 hips; 235 males, 227 females) received preoperative radiotherapy of the hip on the evening before surgery with a 7-Gy single fraction. The patients' median age was 67.1 years. The most frequent indication for radiotherapy was hypertrophic osteoarthritis (383 hips, 82.9%). Treatment results were assessed by comparison of pre- and postoperative hip X-rays (immediately and 6 months after surgery). The analysis of radiographs was performed according to the Brooker score. Results: The overall incidence of HO was 18.1% (n = 84), Brooker score 1 12.3% (n = 57), score 2 3.9% (n = 18), score 3 1.5% (n = 7), and score 4 0.4% (n = 2). Sex, body height, hypertrophic osteoarthritis of higher degree, size of the femoral component of the prosthesis, previous ipsi- or contralateral HO, and short course of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (diclofenac) therapy significantly influenced the HO rate in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, an interdependence of prosthesis size, sex and patient's height was found. From these three variables, only prosthesis size was statistically significant in multivariate analysis. The cumulative dose of diclofenac ({<=} 300 mg or > 300 mg) within the first 7 postoperative days and previous ipsi- or contralateral HO influenced the incidence of HO in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Preoperative radiotherapy on the evening before surgery is an effective treatment

  20. Hip fracture evaluation with alternatives of total hip arthroplasty versus hemiarthroplasty (HEALTH): protocol for a multicentre randomised trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhandari, Mohit; Devereaux, P J; Einhorn, Thomas A; Thabane, Lehana; Schemitsch, Emil H; Koval, Kenneth J; Frihagen, Frede; Poolman, Rudolf W; Tetsworth, Kevin; Guerra-Farfán, Ernesto; Madden, Kim; Sprague, Sheila; Guyatt, Gordon

    2015-02-13

    Hip fractures are a leading cause of mortality and disability worldwide, and the number of hip fractures is expected to rise to over 6 million per year by 2050. The optimal approach for the surgical management of displaced femoral neck fractures remains unknown. Current evidence suggests the use of arthroplasty; however, there is lack of evidence regarding whether patients with displaced femoral neck fractures experience better outcomes with total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemiarthroplasty (HA). The HEALTH trial compares outcomes following THA versus HA in patients 50 years of age or older with displaced femoral neck fractures. HEALTH is a multicentre, randomised controlled trial where 1434 patients, 50 years of age or older, with displaced femoral neck fractures from international sites are randomised to receive either THA or HA. Exclusion criteria include associated major injuries of the lower extremity, hip infection(s) and a history of frank dementia. The primary outcome is unplanned secondary procedures and the secondary outcomes include functional outcomes, patient quality of life, mortality and hip-related complications-both within 2 years of the initial surgery. We are using minimisation to ensure balance between intervention groups for the following factors: age, prefracture living, prefracture functional status, American Society for Anesthesiologists (ASA) Class and centre number. Data analysts and the HEALTH Steering Committee are blinded to the surgical allocation throughout the trial. Outcome analysis will be performed using a χ(2) test (or Fisher's exact test) and Cox proportional hazards modelling estimate. All results will be presented with 95% CIs. The HEALTH trial has received local and McMaster University Research Ethics Board (REB) approval (REB#: 06-151). Outcomes from the primary manuscript will be disseminated through publications in academic journals and presentations at relevant orthopaedic conferences. We will communicate trial

  1. [Association between allergy to benzoyl peroxide, vitiligo and implantation of a cemented total knee joint prosthesis: Is there a connection?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gothner, M; Ozokyay, L; Godau, P; Kälicke, T; Muhr, G; Schildhauer, T A; Dudda, M

    2011-09-01

    Allergies against bone cement or bone cement components have been well-described. We report on a 63-year-old patient who presented with progressive vitiligo all over the body after implantation of a cemented total knee replacement. A dermatological examination was performed and an allergy to benzoyl peroxide was found. A low-grade infection was diagnosed 5 months after implantation of the total knee replacement and the prosthesis was replaced with a cement spacer. After treating the infection of the knee replacement non-cemented arthrodesis of the knee was performed. In cases of new, unknown skin efflorescence, urticaria and periprosthetic loosening of cemented joint replacement, the differential diagnosis should include not only infections but also possible allergies against bone-cement and components such as benzoyl peroxide or metal components.

  2. Total hip replacement fifteen years after pelvic support osteotomy (PSO): a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thabet, Ahmed M; Catagni, Maurizio A; Guerreschi, Francessco

    2012-08-01

    Treatment of chronic hip instability in children and young adults is challenging. Proximal femoral osteotomy had been suggested to provide pelvic stability and improved abductor function. Total hip replacement after pelvic support osteotomy can be challenging due to altered anatomy due to angulation of the proximal femur in both frontal and sagittal planes. This is a 29-year-old woman who had total hip replacement after pelvic support osteotomy. The patient had pelvic support at the age of 14 years. Pelvic support osteotomy delayed the need for total hip replacement for 15 years. Preoperative planning for total hip replacement with model was used for proper understanding of the anatomy of the proximal femur. Revision of femoral component was necessary due to penetration of the proximal femur. In conclusion, total hip replacement after pelvic support osteotomy is a technically demanding procedure, and careful attention to surgical details is necessary for successful outcome.

  3. Hip dislocations after 2,734 elective unilateral fast-track total hip arthroplasties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christoffer Calov; Kjærsgaard-Andersen, Per; Kehlet, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    of dislocations. Unadjusted comparisons were made using t test/Chi-square analyses, while evaluation of risk factors potentially predisposing to dislocations was done using uni- and multivariate regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2,734 consecutive unselected procedures were available for analysis, of which...

  4. Serious renal and urological complications in fast-track primary total hip and knee arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerregaard, Lars S; Jørgensen, Christoffer C; Kehlet, Henrik

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Overall medical complications have been reduced after fast-track total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), but data on specific renal and urological (RU) complications are limited. METHODS: To describe the incidence and consequences of serious RU complications resulting in length o...

  5. Patient Needs for an Ambulant Dislocation Alert System Following Total Hip Arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huis in't Veld, Rianne; Peters, Anil; Vollenbroek-Hutten, Miriam Marie Rosé; Hermens, Hermanus J.; van den Hoven, Carmen

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: One of the major complications in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is dislocation of the prosthesis. To prevent early dislocation, patients are instructed with movement restrictions. The first goal in this development is to obtain insight in the movement restrictions that are reported to

  6. Functional exercise after total hip replacement (FEATHER): a randomised control trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Monaghan, Brenda

    2012-11-01

    Prolonged physical impairments in range of movement, postural stability and walking speed are commonly reported following total hip replacement (THR). It is unclear from the current body of evidence what kind of exercises should be performed to maximize patient function and quality of life.

  7. Use of Tranexamic Acid during Total Endoprosthetic Replacement of the Hip Joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. D. Selivanov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the blood-saving activity, efficacy, and safety of tranexamic acid. Subjects and methods. Thirty-seven patients allocated into two groups were enrolled in the study of the efficacy of tranexamic acid as an agent in reducing blood loss during hip joint replacement. Group 2 patients were injected tranexamic acid, 10 mg/kg body weight, 20—30 minutes before and 3 hours after surgery in the same dosage. This resulted in a significant (48.5% reduction in total blood loss (from 1089.6 to 560.8 ml (p<0.05. No tranexamic acid-induced complications were found. The administration of tranexamic acid during total endoprosthetic replacement of the hip joint could reduce blood loss by 35 and 59.4% in the intraoperative and postoperative periods, respectively, and total blood loss by 48.4%. The use of tranexamic acid allows one to refuse transfusion of blood components during total endoprosthetic replacement of the hip joint. Key words: hip joint replacement, blood loss, tranexamic acid.

  8. Femoral nerve palsy caused by ileopectineal bursitis after total hip replacement: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bähr Mathias

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Infectious ileopectineal bursitis is a rare complication after total hip replacement and is associated mainly with rheumatoid arthritis. The main complications are local swelling and pain, but communication of the inflamed bursa with the joint can occur, leading to subsequent cartilage damage and bone destruction. Case presentation We report a case of a 47-year-old Caucasian woman without rheumatoid arthritis who reported pain and palsy in her left leg almost one year after total hip replacement. She was diagnosed with an ileopectineal bursitis after total hip replacement, leading to femoral nerve palsy. The diagnosis was obtained by thorough clinical examination, the results of focused computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of non-infectious ileopectineal bursitis in a patient without rheumatoid arthritis as a complication of total hip replacement. This rare case underlines the importance of proper neurologic examination of persistent conditions after orthopedic intervention in otherwise healthy individuals. We believe this case should be useful for a broad spectrum of medical specialties, including orthopedics, neurology, radiology, and general practice.

  9. Total hip arthroplasty in a patient with arthrogryphosis and an ipsilateral above knee amputation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Leonard, Michael

    2010-10-01

    The authors present the case of a young man with arthrogryphosis multiplex congenita and an above knee amputation who underwent an ipsilateral total hip replacement. The unique aspects of the case and technical difficulties are highlighted. Follow-up at five years revealed an excellent clinical and radiological outcome.

  10. The stability of the femoral component of a minimal invasive total hip replacement system.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willems, M.M.M.; Kooloos, J.G.M.; Gibbons, P.; Minderhoud, N.; Weernink, T.; Verdonschot, N.J.J.

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the initial stability of the femoral component of a minimal invasive total hip replacement was biomechanically evaluated during simulated normal walking and chair rising. A 20 mm diameter canal was created in the femoral necks of five fresh frozen human cadaver bones and the femoral

  11. 'Pathological' fracture of the femur -a complication of failed total hip ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ten patients with a major femur fracture complicating total hip arthroplasty were seen at the Princess Alice Orthopaedic Hospital between June 1986 and May 1988. Four cases were intra-operative fractures sustained at revision surgery and 6 were late postoperative fractures of the femur associated with minimal trauma, ...

  12. Two-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty - results and complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Oldenrijk, Jakob; Hoogervorst, Paul; Schaap, Gerard R.; van Dijk, C. Niek; Schafroth, Matthias U.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the complication rate and functional result after two-incision minimally invasive total hip arthroplasty in a retrospective consecutive case series of the first 45 patients treated by a single surgeon. The mean follow up period was 2.1 years. There were 4

  13. REVISION TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY IN PATIENTS WITH ASEPTIC LOOSENING OF FEMORAL STEM (REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Sementkovsky

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents literature data with regard to the classification of femoral bone loss defects. It also describes the contemporary techniques of revision total hip arthroplasty in patients with aseptic loosening of the femoral component and provides the evaluation of the treatment outcomes of the described approaches.

  14. Outcomes of obese and nonobese patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luebbeke, Anne; Moons, Karel G. M.; Garavaglia, Guido; Hoffmeyer, Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate the effect of obesity on the incidence of adverse events (surgical site infection, dislocation, re-revision, or >= 1 adverse event), functional outcome, residual pain, and patient satisfaction after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods. We conducted a university

  15. Intra-abdominal migration of a k-wire during revision total hip arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Kevin T. Hug, MD; Navin D. Fernando, MD, FRCS(C)

    2017-01-01

    Revision total hip arthroplasty in the setting of severe acetabular bone loss is a challenging problem that is becoming more common. Kirschner wires are often used during acetabular revision for temporary fixation of trial components. We describe an intraoperative migration of a Kirschner wire through the acetabulum into the peritoneal cavity, requiring acute laparoscopic removal.

  16. Physical Activity Participation Among Patients After Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stevens, Martin; Reininga, Inge H. F.; Bulstra, Sjoerd K.; Wagenmakers, Robert; van den Akker-Scheek, Inge

    Total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA) are successful operative interventions, yet little is known about the physical activity behavior of patients after THA/TKA. For older adults, there are beneficial effects of regular physical activity after THA/TKA. The objective of this paper is to review

  17. Designing a care pathway model : A case study of the outpatient total hip arthroplasty care pathway

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterholt, R.I.; Simonse, W.L.; Boess, S.U.; Vehmeijer, S.B.W.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Although the clinical attributes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) care pathways have been thoroughly researched, a detailed understanding of the equally important organisational attributes is still lacking. The aim of this article is to contribute with a model of the outpatient THA

  18. Effect of high-dose preoperative methylprednisolone on recovery after total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunn, T H; Andersen, Lasse Østergaard; Kristensen, B B

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: /st>High-dose glucocorticoid may reduce postsurgical pain and improve recovery. We hypothesized that 125 mg methylprednisolone (MP) would reduce time to meet functional discharge criteria after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: /st>Forty-eight patients undergoing unilateral THA...

  19. Method for assessment of distribution of UHMWPE wear particles in periprosthetic tissues in total hip arthroplasty

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pokorný, D.; Šlouf, Miroslav; Horák, Zdeněk; Jahoda, D.; Entlicher, G.; Eklová, S.; Sosna, A.

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 73, č. 4 (2006), s. 243-250 ISSN 0001-5415 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA106/04/1118 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40500505 Keywords : wear * polyethylene * total hip arthroplasty Subject RIV: CD - Macromolecular Chemistry http://www.achot.cz/cislo.php?cis=5

  20. Outcome assessment of total hip arthroplasty in The Netherlands and Sweden

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ostendorf, Marieke

    2004-01-01

    From the studies described in this thesis, investigating different aspects of outcome assessment in total hip arthroplasty, the following conclusions and recommendations can be made: To ensure good quality of life and adequate mobility for future elderly generations, adequate measures need to be

  1. The relative merits of cemented and uncemented prostheses in total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Maggs

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The results of modern cemented and uncemented total hip arthroplasties are outstanding and both systems have their advantages and disadvantages. This paper aims to examine the designs of different types of prostheses, some history behind their development and the reported results. Particular emphasis is placed on cemented stem design and the details of cementing technique.

  2. Evaluation of the Function and Quality of Life after Total Hip Arthroplasty by Different Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Araújo

    2017-09-01

    Conclusion: After 24 months post total hip arthroplasty there are no differences between the two approaches with regard to function or quality of life. However, the patients operated by the anterolateral approach had greater muscle strength deficits and higher percentage of positive Trendelenburg test.

  3. Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Complicated by Metastatic Malignant Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hok-Yin Alwin Li

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Periprosthetic malignancy causing failure of total hip arthroplasty is a rare entity. Metastasis of malignant tumour to the proximity of orthopaedic implants is even more uncommon. We present a case of a 74-year-old female with an infected Austin Moore prosthesis, requiring a two-stage revision total hip arthroplasty. Within 2 years postoperatively, erosion of the lesser trochanter was noted. Further revision surgery was performed with the insertion of a cement spacer. Despite the expectation of an infected prosthesis, intraoperative frozen section showed sarcoma and the final pathology was metastasis of a recurrent gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST. Metastatic GIST to total hip prosthesis had not been reported previously and this case illustrates how intraoperative frozen section can aid diagnosis and management. We also highlighted some diagnostic clues, differentiating this rare diagnosis from septic loosening and osteolysis. Malignant infiltration should be considered as a differential diagnosis in failed total hip arthroplasty, especially in patients with a previous history of malignancy.

  4. Outcomes at least 10 years after cemented PF® (Zimmer) total hip arthroplasty: 83 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubault, M; Druon, J; Le Nail, L; Rosset, P

    2013-06-01

    Cementless total hip arthroplasty (TKA) is gaining ground over cemented TKA. The objective of this study was to assess survival rates of a cemented THA implant (PF(®), Zimmer), after at least 10 years and to assess changes in acetabular bone structure. Eighty-three ceramic-on-polyethylene THA prostheses were implanted between 1998 and 2001. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Harris hip score and Postel Merle d'Aubigné score. For each hip, radiographs were examined for acetabular radiolucent lines, geodes, and granulomas; in addition, changes in bone structure and trabeculae were assessed comparatively to the other hip and classified from no change to severe osteolysis. Changes in trabeculae served to assess the loads applied to the bone. Polyethylene wear was assessed using the Livermore method. A single patient was lost to follow-up. At last follow-up, 16 patients had died and six were contacted and had not required revision surgery; the remaining 52 patients (59 THAs) were re-evaluated and none had evidence of loosening. The Harris hip score at last evaluation was 91.6 compared to 60.5 preoperatively. No hips had evidence of acetabular osteolysis. For two hips, the radiographs showed complete acetabular radiolucent lines less than 2mm in width, with no mobilisation. Trabecular distribution was homogeneous with no stress shielding. Mean annual rate of wear was 0.08mm. No instances of femoral component loosening were recorded; granulomas involving no more than five Gruën zones were seen in three cases. This study confirms the reliability of cemented THA, with a 12-year survival rate of 98.3%, in keeping with earlier data. Thus, our results establish that cemented ceramic-on-polyethylene prostheses remain valid options for THA. IV. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. Outcomes of dual mobility components in total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrith, B; Courtney, P M; Della Valle, C J

    2018-01-01

    Instability remains a challenging problem in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Dual mobility components confer increased stability, but there are concerns about the unique complications associated with these designs, as well as the long-term survivorship. We performed a systematic review of all English language articles dealing with dual mobility THAs published between 2007 and 2016 in the MEDLINE and Embase electronic databases. A total of 54 articles met inclusion criteria for the final analysis of primary and revision dual mobility THAs and dual mobility THAs used in the treatment of fractures of the femoral neck. We analysed the survivorship and rates of aseptic loosening and of intraprosthetic and extra-articular dislocation. For the 10 783 primary dual mobility THAs, the incidence of aseptic loosening was 1.3% (142 hips); the rate of intraprosthetic dislocation was 1.1% (122 hips) and the incidence of extra-articular dislocation was 0.46% (41 hips). The overall survivorship of the acetabular component and the dual mobility components was 98.0%, with all-cause revision as the endpoint at a mean follow-up of 8.5 years (2 to 16.5). For the 3008 revision dual mobility THAs, the rate of aseptic acetabular loosening was 1.4% (29 hips); the rate of intraprosthetic dislocation was 0.3% (eight hips) and the rate of extra-articular dislocation was 2.2% (67 hips). The survivorship of the acatabular and dual mobility components was 96.6% at a mean of 5.4 years (2 to 8). For the 554 dual mobility THAs which were undertaken in patients with a fracture of the femoral neck, the rate of intraprosthetic dislocation was 0.18% (one hip), the rate of extra-articular dislocation was 2.3% (13 hips) and there was one aseptic loosening. The survivorship was 97.8% at a mean of 1.3 years (0.75 to 2). Dual mobility articulations are a viable alternative to traditional bearing surfaces, with low rates of instability and good overall survivorship in primary and

  6. Feasibility of Early-Initiated Progressive Resistance Training after Total Hip Replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Mechlenburg, Inger; Petersen, Annemette Krintel

    Background: Muscle atrophy, reduced hip muscle strength and function are documented within the first weeks after Total Hip Replacement (THR). Purpose / Aim of Study: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of early-initiated progressive resistance training (PRT) after THR....... Materials and Methods: 10 patients were followed 4 weeks post THR. The PRT was initiated 2-5 days after surgery, and performed twice a week for 4 weeks. Unilateral exercises were performed in 4 training machines applying 3 sets of 10 repetitions at 10 RM (repetition maximum). Absolute loading (kg) and pain...

  7. Abductor Reconstruction with Gluteus Maximus Transfer in Primary Abductor Deficiency during Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Se Ang; Cho, Young Ho; Byun, Young Soo; Gu, Tae Hoe

    2016-09-01

    Abductor deficiency in native hip joint may cause severe limping and pain. It is more serious situation in case of arthroplasty due to instability and recurrent dislocation. Well-known causes of abductor deficiency are repeated surgery, chronic trochanteric bursitis, superior gluteal nerve injury, failure of repair of abductor tendon insertion to the greater trochanter. Author had experienced primary abductor deficiency during total hip replacement and treated successfully with the transfer of gluteus maximus. We'd like to introduce the operation technique with the review of literature.

  8. Unusual way of loosened total hip arthroplasty treatment with an Austin Moore endoprosthesis

    OpenAIRE

    M Erceg; K Becic

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old female patient with aseptic loosening of total cemented hip endoprosthesis and pathologic fracture of the femur at the level of the stem of endoprosthesis was presented. As no appropriate endoprosthesis was available due to the war in Croatia and war priority, the problem was managed by femur osteosynthesis and implantation of a partial Austin Moore hip endoprosthesis. The endoprosthesis is still functioning well (for 20 years).To the best of the author′s knowledge, nobody has e...

  9. Unusual way of loosened total hip arthroplasty treatment with an Austin Moore endoprosthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erceg, M; Becic, K

    2014-01-01

    A 65-year-old female patient with aseptic loosening of total cemented hip endoprosthesis and pathologic fracture of the femur at the level of the stem of endoprosthesis was presented. As no appropriate endoprosthesis was available due to the war in Croatia and war priority, the problem was managed by femur osteosynthesis and implantation of a partial Austin Moore hip endoprosthesis. The endoprosthesis is still functioning well (for 20 years).To the best of the author's knowledge, nobody has ever treated problem like this using this alternative, an unconventional method, with an Austin Moore endoprosthesis.

  10. Unusual way of loosened total hip arthroplasty treatment with an Austin Moore endoprosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Erceg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old female patient with aseptic loosening of total cemented hip endoprosthesis and pathologic fracture of the femur at the level of the stem of endoprosthesis was presented. As no appropriate endoprosthesis was available due to the war in Croatia and war priority, the problem was managed by femur osteosynthesis and implantation of a partial Austin Moore hip endoprosthesis. The endoprosthesis is still functioning well (for 20 years.To the best of the author′s knowledge, nobody has ever treated problem like this using this alternative, an unconventional method, with an Austin Moore endoprosthesis.

  11. Impact of low-frequency pulsed electromagnetic fields and interference currents in the formation of heterotopic ossification after total hip instalation in the hip joint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivković S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the extension of life expectancy, the number of elderly people increases, and thus the number of disease and injuries of the locomotor system, especially the hip joint. One of the persistent trend is an increasing trend in the number of patients with coxarthrosis and implanted total hip endoprosthesis. One of the postoperative complications that occurred after implantation a total hip endoprosthesis is heterotopic ossification (HO. HO is the most common complication that occurs after the implantation a total hip endoprosthesis with recorded cases in the range of 9-90%. HO are insufficiently understood phenomenon, which is characterized by the formation of bone in periarticular tissues. We prospectively followed patients who implanted total hip endoprostheses in the department of orthopedics ZC in Kos. Mitrovica in 2008. and 2009. year. We examined the influence of physical agents on the prevention of HO near the hip joint. In these patients the treatment was carried out kinesiotherapeutic at the Center for Rehabilitation Health Center Kosovska Mitrovica, as well as pulse therapy low frequency magnetic field frequency of 30 Hz, 30 minutes, 8 mT intensity and 15 minutes interferential current, 0-100 Hz frequency. All patients were on the rehabilitation of one month (20 days. Based on this research we confirmed the assumption that the use of low frequency pulsed magnetic fields, interference currents and kinesitherapy prevents HO in patients after implantation of total endoprosthesis of the hip joint.

  12. Muscle Damage After Total Hip Arthroplasty Through the Direct Anterior Approach for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawasaki, Masashi; Hasegawa, Yukiharu; Okura, Toshiaki; Ochiai, Satoshi; Fujibayashi, Takayoshi

    2017-08-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) through the direct anterior approach (DAA) is known to cause less muscle damage than other surgical approaches. However, more complex primary cases, such as developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), might often cause muscle damage. The objective of the present study was to clarify the muscle damage observed 1 year after THA through the DAA for DDH using magnetic resonance imaging. We prospectively compared the muscle cross-sectional area (M-CSA) and fatty atrophy (FA) in muscles by magnetic resonance imaging and the Harris hip score before and at 1-year follow-up after THA through the DAA in 3 groups: 37 patients with Crowe group 1 DDH (D1), 13 patients with Crowe group 2 and 3 DDH (D2 + 3), and 12 patients with osteonecrosis as a control. THA through the DAA for D1 displayed significantly decreased M-CSA and significantly increased FA in the gluteus minimus (Gmini), the tensor fasciae latae (TFL), and the obturator internus (OI). Patients with D2 + 3 group did not have decreased M-CSA in the TFL or increased FA in the Gmini. Postoperatively, a significant negative correlation was observed between the M-CSA and FA for the OI in patients with D1 and D2 + 3. THA through the DAA for DDH caused the damage in the Gmini, the TFL, and the OI; severe damage was observed in the OI, showing increased FA with decreased M-CSA in patients with both D1 and D2 + 3. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Early loosening and secondary dislocation due to a broken trochanteric osteotomy wire following a Charnley total hip arthroplasty: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Shahin, Yousef; Choudhary, Rakesh; Al-Naser, Saeed; Mullins, Mark

    2009-01-01

    We report a case of interposition of a broken trochanteric wire in the hip joint. This caused early wear of the prosthesis and dislocation of the Charnley total hip arthroplasty. The patient was treated with a revision total hip arthroplasty. This rare complication should be taken into consideration when performing a trochanteric osteotomy fixation with wiring in Charnley total hip arthroplasty.

  14. Do new and more expensive implants provide better outcomes in total hip arthroplasty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Kovalenko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Total hip arthroplasty (THA is one of the most successful surgeries in medical history. But rising demand in such procedures creates significant burden on national health systems all over the world so that researhers more often pay attention to economic impaction of THA. The use of new implants also increases a cost of arthroplasty. But it is a question whether new and more expensive implants could improve clinical outcomes. It became the purpose of our study. We studied available literature in Medline database about main trends of new hip endoprosthetic developments in previous decade and how they can impact to outcomes. Furthermore we studied our data of first revisions of domestic and import implants with comparison terms, structure and frequency of special revision implants using. According to our results new and expensive implants are not basic factor of reliable functioning of hip endoprosthesis.

  15. Outcome of total hip arthroplasty for avascular necrosis of the femoral head in systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Min Su; Kang, Joon Soon; Moon, Kyoung Ho

    2014-12-01

    This study evaluated the result of total hip arthroplasty (THA) for avascular necrosis of the femur head (AVNFH) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. Nineteen THAs were performed on 13 patients with SLE. The results of these patients were compared with the results of the control group (19 patients) who had THR due to AVNFH with none-SLE conditions. The Harris hip score increased from a preoperative average of 65.3 points to 94.9 at the most recent follow-up. In the control group, the mean HHS was 67.2 preoperatively and 96.1 postoperatively at the last follow-up. No significant difference was found between SLE patients and non-SLE patients who underwent hip arthroplasty. In conclusion, THA is an acceptable treatment for achieving functional improvement in patients who had SLE and AVNFH. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Predictors of pain and physical function at 3 and 12 months after total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plews, Sarah; Løvlund Nielsen, Randi; Overgaard, Søren

    with primary hip osteoarthritis responded to Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) questionnaires prior to and 3 and 12 months after THA. Preoperative pain intensity; joint space width (JSW), age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) were used to predict changes in pain and physical function....... Conclusions: Preoperative pain predicted changes in pain and physical function up to one year after THA. Such knowledge should be taken into consideration, when assessing OA patients prior to surgery. This study provides useful insight for clinicians, regarding the overall improvement patients can expect......Background: Few studies have combined preoperative patient-reported and objective outcome measures to predict outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Purpose / Aim of Study: to identify predictors of outcome 3 and 12 months after THA Materials and Methods: A cohort of 107 consecutive patients...

  17. High Re-Operation Rates Using Conserve Metal-On-Metal Total Hip Articulations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, S L; Jakobsen, Thomas; Christoffersen, Hardy

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Metal-on-metal hip articulations have been intensely debated after reports of adverse reactions and high failure rates. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the implant of a metal-on.metal total hip articulation (MOM THA) from a single manufacture in a two...... of 53 months. 4 pseudotumors were diagnosed at time of follow up but no substantiated link was made between adverse reactions and re-operations. CONCLUSION: The high re-operation rates found in this study raised concern about the usage of the MOM THA and subsequently lead to the termination......-center study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 108 CONSERVE(®) MOM THA were implanted in 92 patients between November 2005 and December 2010. Patients had at time of retrospective evaluation their journals reviewed for re-operations and adverse reactions. RESULTS: 20 hips were re-operated (18.4%) at a mean follow up...

  18. Use of Cortical Strut Allograft After Extended Trochanteric Osteotomy in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Chin Tat; Amanatullah, Derek F; Huddleston, James I; Hwang, Katherine L; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B

    2017-05-01

    Cortical strut allografts restore bone stock and improve postoperative clinical scores after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, use of a cortical strut allograft is implicated in delayed healing of an extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO). To date, there are no reports directly comparing ETO with or without cortical strut allografts. We reviewed prospectively gathered data on 50 revision THAs performed from 2004-2014 using an ETO. We compared the demographic, radiological, and clinical outcome of patients with (16 hips) and without (34 hips) cortical strut allograft after an ETO. There were no significant differences in Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index or Harris Hip Score between the ETOs with and without a cortical strut allograft. Fifteen of the ETOs (94%) with a cortical strut allograft and 31 of the ETOs (91%) without a cortical strut allograft were in situ at final follow-up (P = 1.000). A higher proportion hips with cortical strut allograft (100%, 16 patients) had preoperative Paprosky grade bone loss more than IIIA compared to those without allograft (29%, 10 patients) (P revision THA with ETO does not reduce the rate of union, radiological or clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Flexion reminder device to discourage recurrent posterior dislocation of a total hip replacement: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong King

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Recurrent dislocation of a total hip replacement prosthesis is a frustrating complication for both the surgeon and the patient. For positional dislocations with no indications for revision surgery, the current best treatment is physiotherapy, the use of abduction braces and avoidance of unsafe hip positions. Abduction braces can be cumbersome and have poor compliance. We report the successful use of a new lightweight flexion reminder device that can be used to treat people with this condition. Case presentation A 64-year-old British woman experienced recurrent positional posterior dislocation after primary hip replacement, particularly when involved in activities involving unsafe flexion of the operated hip. She disliked using an abduction brace and hence was given a simple 'flexion reminder device' that could be strapped to the thigh. Beyond the safe flexion limit, the padded top end of the device hitched against the groin crease and reminded her not to flex further, to avoid dislocation. She experienced no discomfort in wearing the device continuously throughout the day and was very satisfied. She has had no further dislocations in the 2 years since she began using it. Conclusion In cases of arthroplasty dislocation caused mainly by an unsafe hip position, and with no indication for revision surgery, this new lightweight and easily worn flexion reminder device may be a good option for avoiding such positional dislocations, particularly those caused by unsafe flexion.

  20. Formation of a pseudotumor in total hip arthroplasty using a tribological metal-polyethylene pair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Fagotti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The aim here was to report a case of a young adult patient who evolved with tumor formation in the left thigh, 14 years after revision surgery on hip arthroplasty. Davies in 2005 made the first description of this disease in patients undergoing metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty. Over the last decade, however, pseudotumors around metal-on-polyethylene surfaces have become more prevalent. Our patient presented with increased volume of the left thigh 8 years after hip arthroplasty revision surgery. Two years before the arising of the tumor in the thigh, a nodule in the inguinal region was investigated to rule out a malignant neoplastic process, but the results were inconclusive. The main preoperative complaints were pain, functional limitation and marked reduction in the range of motion of the left hip. Plain radiographs showed loosening of acetabular and femoral, and a large mass between the muscle planes was revealed through magnetic resonance imaging of the left thigh. The surgical procedure consisted of resection of the lesion and removal of the components through lateral approach. In respect of total hip arthroplasty, pseudotumors are benign neoplasms in which the bearing surface consists of metal-on-metal, but they can also occur in different tribological pairs, as presented in this case.

  1. Contemporary ceramic total hip arthroplasty in patients with cerebral palsy: does it work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Byung-Ho; Lee, Young-Kyun; Ha, Yong-Chan; Koo, Kyung-Hoi

    2015-03-01

    Adult patients with cerebral palsy (CP), who have advanced degenerative arthritis of the hip, have been treated with resection arthroplasty and arthrodesis. Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) has also been used as one of the alternative options, there are few studies on contemporary bearings used in THA. Therefore, we evaluated the results of the contemporary ceramic-on-ceramic THA in adult patients with CP. From January 2005 to December 2007, five adult CP patients (5 hips) underwent THA using contemporary ceramic-on-ceramic bearings. All patients were able to stand or ambulate with intermittent use of assistive devices at home. We retrospectively reviewed the series to determine the results of THA in terms of pain relief, improved function, and durability of prosthesis. There were 3 men and 2 women with a mean age of 35.9 years. All patients had pain relief without decline in mobility postoperatively. One hip was dislocated, which was treated successfully with closed reduction and an abduction brace for 2 months. There was no ceramic fracture, loosening, or osteolysis during the mean follow-up of 6.8 years (range, 5.8 to 8.3 years). Cementless THA using contemporary ceramic-on-ceramic bearings is a useful option for the treatment of advanced degenerative arthritis of the hip in ambulatory adults with CP.

  2. Severe Pelvic Obliquity Affects Femoral Offset in Patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty but Not Leg-Length Inequality

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Xiaoxiao; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Xianlong; Chen, Yunsu; Peng, Xiaochun; Mao, Yuanqing; Yang, Yang; Fu, Beigang; Wang, Xiuhui; Tang, Tingting

    2015-01-01

    Leg-length inequality is an extensively studied complication of total hip arthroplasty in normal patients. However, few studies have focused on the pelvic obliquity of coronal pelvic malrotation. We hypothesized that pelvic obliquity with a fixed abduction/adduction contracture deformity of the hip may intraoperatively affect the release of soft tissues, ultimately resulting in a leg-length inequality. This study also investigated whether the femoral and vertical offsets of total hip arthropl...

  3. [Clinical observation of 15° face-changing acetabular cup in total hip replacement for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of hip].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Wei-kun; Liu, Lin; Lu, Chao; Peng, Kan; Yang, Zhi; Xu, Ke; Xu, Peng

    2016-06-01

    To explore early clinical effect of acetabular cup in total hip replacement for the treatment of Crowe II developmental dysplasia of hip. Eighteen patients (18 hips) with Crowe type II developmental dysplasia of hip were treated with total hip replacement from September 2001 to July 2013. Among them,including 13 males and 5 females aged from 42 to 60 years old with an average of 47.6 years old; the courses of diseases ranged from 9 to 22 years with an average of 13.5 years. All the patients had hip joint pain, limb shortening and limited hip function before operation. Harris score of hip joint were used to evaluate recovery of function at 1 day and 12 months after operation. Prosthetic coverage of acetabular cup at 1 week after operation was observed by using radiography. Eighteen patients (18 hips) were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average 17 months. All incisions were healed at stage I. No deep vein thrombosis, hip dislocation, periprosthetic joint infection and prosthesis loosening were occurred. No revision surgery during follow-up period. Prosthetic coverage of acetabular cup was more than 80% at 1 week after operation. Harris score were increased from 42.67 ± 5.06 before operation to 94.79 ± 3.27 at 12 months after operation (t = -45.269, P developmental dysplasia of hip patients, 15° face-changing acetabular cups in THR could obtain higher actebular component coverage rate and satisfactory early clinical effects.

  4. Hip joint replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hip arthroplasty; Total hip replacement; Hip hemiarthroplasty; Arthritis - hip replacement; Osteoarthritis - hip replacement ... your activities. Most of the time, hip joint replacement is done in people age 60 and older. ...

  5. [Total hip replacement as a result of coxalgia: about 10 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chagou, Aniss; Benbouha, Abdelatif; Rhanim, Abdelkarim; Lahlou, Abdou; Berrada, Mohammed Saleh; El Yaacoubi, Moradh

    2016-01-01

    Coxalgia causes osteocartilaginous destructions of the hip joint; these lesions are responsible for severe pain leading to functional discomfort and limitations in everyday life. Their surgical treatment is still not well established. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the interest of total hip arthroplasty associated with anti-tuberculous chemotherapy to improve patients' quality of life. We report a retrospective study of 10 cases of total hip replacement following coxalgia at the Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma of Rabat University Hospital from 2002 to 2011. The average age of our patients was 38 years. The discovery of coxalgia was made under different circumstances according to the patients. The surgical approach we used was exclusively posterolateral (Moore). All prostheses were cemented. Four patients required acetabulum reconstruction. Intraoperative biopsy was positive in a patient, negative in the remaining nine. All patients underwent anti-tuberculous treatment. No recurrence was noted after a minimum follow-up of 3 years. Results according to Merle d'Aubigné score were considered good. In case of advanced bone destruction with badly tolerated functional impact in mature subject, total hip arthroplasty always associated with effective anti-tuberculous chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for sequelae of coxalgia.

  6. Femoral fit predicts radiologic changes, but not clinical results, in Mallory-head total hip arthroplasties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gosens, Taco; Sluimer, Judith C; Kester, Arnold D; van Langelaan, Evert J

    2005-03-01

    We prospectively studied the clinical and radiologic results of three groups of patients: 89 patients who had standard primary total hip replacements; 63 patients with hip dysplasia who had primary total hip replacements; and 48 patients who had revision total hip replacements. We studied the differences in clinical and radiologic behaviors of a titanium hydroxyapatite-coated stem with variations in the tightness of fit of the prosthesis in the femoral canal, operative group, stem size, grade of osteoporosis, and morphometric features of the femur. The clinical results in all three groups are slightly favorable for the standard primary group. Pain relief and stem survival in the three groups were similar to those reported in other studies regarding cementless prostheses. Nontight femoral fit significantly positively influenced the development of cancellous densification; however, the presence of osteoporosis also contributed to the formation of cancellous densification. Only tight femoral canal fit significantly positively influenced the development of cortical thickening independent of other parameters. There was no correlation between clinical parameters and the radiologic phenomena in either of the groups.

  7. Clinically important improvement thresholds for Harris Hip Score and its ability to predict revision risk after primary total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Jasvinder A; Schleck, Cathy; Harmsen, Scott; Lewallen, David

    2016-06-10

    Some aspects of validity are missing for the Harris Hip Score (HHS). Our objective was to examine the clinically meaningful change thresholds, responsiveness and the predictive ability of the HHS questionnaire. We included a cohort of patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and responded to the HHS preoperatively and at 2- or 5-year post-THA (change score) to examine the clinically meaningful change thresholds (Minimal clinically important improvement, MCII; and moderate improvement), responsiveness (effect size (ES) and standardized response mean (SRM)) based on pre- to post-operative change and the predictive ability of change score or absolute postoperative score at 2- and 5-years post-THA for future revision. Two thousand six hundred sixty-seven patients with a mean age of 64 years completed baseline HHS; 1036 completed both baseline and 2-year HHS and 669 both baseline and 5-year HHS. MCII and moderate improvement thresholds ranged 15.9-18 points and 39.6-40.1 points, respectively. ES was 3.12 and 3.02 at 2- and 5-years; respective SRM was 2.73 and 2.52. There were 3195 hips with HHS scores at 2-years and 2699 hips with HHS scores at 5-years (regardless of the completion of baseline HHS; absolute postoperative scores). Compared to patients with absolute HHS scores of 81-100 (score range, 0-100), patients with scores revision, 4.34 (2.14, 7.95; p 50 points from preoperative to 2-years post-THA, lack of improvement/worsening or 1-20 point improvement were associated with increased hazards of revision, 18.10 (1.41, 234.83; p = 0.02); and 6.21 (0.81, 60.73; p = 0.10), respectively. HHS is a valid measure of THA outcomes and is responsive to change. Both absolute HHS postoperative scores and HHS score change postoperatively are predictive of revision risk post-primary THA. We defined MCID and moderate improvement thresholds for HHS in this study.

  8. Severe Pelvic Obliquity Affects Femoral Offset in Patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty but Not Leg-Length Inequality.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoxiao Zhou

    Full Text Available Leg-length inequality is an extensively studied complication of total hip arthroplasty in normal patients. However, few studies have focused on the pelvic obliquity of coronal pelvic malrotation. We hypothesized that pelvic obliquity with a fixed abduction/adduction contracture deformity of the hip may intraoperatively affect the release of soft tissues, ultimately resulting in a leg-length inequality. This study also investigated whether the femoral and vertical offsets of total hip arthroplasty were correlated with pelvic obliquity. This prospective study divided 98 patients into six groups based on the inclination of pelvic obliquity before total hip arthroplasty. Leg-length inequality, variation of pelvic obliquity, offset, and vertical offset were measured after total hip arthroplasty. Leg-length inequality and vertical offset were not significantly different among groups, whereas the variation of pelvic obliquity was significantly higher in type IIC pelvic obliquity than in other groups. Type IC pelvic obliquity had a significantly shorter offset than did the other groups, which may have been an important factor leading to type IC pelvic obliquity. Pelvic obliquity exhibited no significant effect on leg-length inequality in patients with total hip arthroplasty. A shorter offset may be caused by the higher tension of the abductor in the operated hip, which may result in the formation of type IC pelvic obliquity. Releasing the abductor contracture and restoring femoral offset are important for increasing hip stability and maintaining pelvic balance following total hip arthroplasty.

  9. Severe Pelvic Obliquity Affects Femoral Offset in Patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty but Not Leg-Length Inequality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiaoxiao; Wang, Qi; Zhang, Xianlong; Chen, Yunsu; Peng, Xiaochun; Mao, Yuanqing; Yang, Yang; Fu, Beigang; Wang, Xiuhui; Tang, Tingting

    2015-01-01

    Leg-length inequality is an extensively studied complication of total hip arthroplasty in normal patients. However, few studies have focused on the pelvic obliquity of coronal pelvic malrotation. We hypothesized that pelvic obliquity with a fixed abduction/adduction contracture deformity of the hip may intraoperatively affect the release of soft tissues, ultimately resulting in a leg-length inequality. This study also investigated whether the femoral and vertical offsets of total hip arthroplasty were correlated with pelvic obliquity. This prospective study divided 98 patients into six groups based on the inclination of pelvic obliquity before total hip arthroplasty. Leg-length inequality, variation of pelvic obliquity, offset, and vertical offset were measured after total hip arthroplasty. Leg-length inequality and vertical offset were not significantly different among groups, whereas the variation of pelvic obliquity was significantly higher in type IIC pelvic obliquity than in other groups. Type IC pelvic obliquity had a significantly shorter offset than did the other groups, which may have been an important factor leading to type IC pelvic obliquity. Pelvic obliquity exhibited no significant effect on leg-length inequality in patients with total hip arthroplasty. A shorter offset may be caused by the higher tension of the abductor in the operated hip, which may result in the formation of type IC pelvic obliquity. Releasing the abductor contracture and restoring femoral offset are important for increasing hip stability and maintaining pelvic balance following total hip arthroplasty.

  10. Clinical relevance of persistent postoperative pain after total hip replacement – a prospective observational cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlenwein J

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Joachim Erlenwein,1,* Martin Müller,1,* Deborah Falla,1,2 Michael Przemeck,3 Michael Pfingsten,1 Stefan Budde,4 Michael Quintel,1 Frank Petzke1 1Department of Anesthesiology, Pain Clinic, University Medical Center Göttingen, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; 2Centre of Precision Rehabilitation for Spinal Pain (CPR Spine, School of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK; 3Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Annastift, Hannover, 4Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Medical School Hannover, Hannover, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: The development of persistent postoperative pain may occur following surgery, including total hip replacement. Yet, the prevalence may depend on the definition of persistent pain. This observational cohort study explored whether the prevalence of persistent pain after total hip replacement differs depending on the definition of persistent pain and evaluated the impact of ongoing pain on the patient’s quality of life 6 months after surgery.Patients and methods: Pre- and postoperative characteristics of 125 patients undergoing elective total hip replacement were assessed and 104 patients were available for the follow-up interview, 6 months after surgery.Results: Six months after surgery, between 26% and 58% of patients still reported hip pain – depending on the definition of persistent pain. Patients with moderate-to-severe persistent pain intensity (>3 on a numerical rating scale were more restricted in their daily life activities (Chronic Pain Grade – disability score but did not differ in reported quality of life (Short-Form 12 from those with no pain or milder pain intensity. Maximal preoperative pain intensity and body mass index were the only independent factors influencing daily function 6 months after total hip replacement.Conclusion: These

  11. Revision rates for metal-on-metal hip resurfacing and metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty - a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ras Sørensen, Sofie-Amalie L; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Sporing, Sune L; Lauritzen, Jes B

    2016-11-10

    To compare revision rates of metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing (HRS) and MoM total hip arthroplasty (THA), as well as the primary causes for revisions. The PubMed database was queried for potentially relevant articles addressing MoMTHA and MoMHRS, a total of 51 articles were included. The review includes a total number of 5,399 MoMHRS and 3,244 THA prosthesis and the reasons for prosthesis failure were divided into 7 categories and the main causes discussed. The overall MoMTHA revision rate was 4.7% after 6.9 years. MoMHRS revision rate was 5.9% after 5.7 years. The odds ratio was 1.25 (1.03:1.53) 95% CI (p = 0.03) (MoMHRS vs. MoMTHA).The studies of hip prostheses were separated into 2 categories of short- and long-term (more or less than 5 years). Short-term revision rate for MoMTHA was 4.5% after 4.8 years, and for MoMHRS 4.0% after 4.2 years. The odds ratio was 1.09 (0.82:1.43) 95% CI (0 = 0.56) (MoMTHA vs. MoMHRS). Long-term revision rate for MoMTHA was 5.2% after 7.7 years and 8.2% after 7.6 years for MoMHRS. The odds ratio was 1.58 (1.53:1.96) 95% CI (p = 0.0001) (MoMHRS vs. MoMTHA).Revision causes were divided into 7 main categories. The most common cause for revision for both MoMTHA and MoMHRS was loosening 47.6% vs. 37.7%, fracture (MoMTHA 7.69%; MoMHRS 19.62%), metal reactions (MoMTHA 7.69%; MoMHRS 26.92%) infection (MoMTHA 12.08%; MoMHRS 6.54%), instability (MoMTHA 9.13%; MoMHRS 2.69%), manufacturer defect 6.73% for MoMTHA and nonreported for MoMHRS, and miscellaneous (MoMTHA 7.69%; MoMHRS 6.54%) was stated. The comparison of MoMHRS and MoMTHA revision rates showed no difference in the short term, however in the longer term, the revision rate of MoMHRS was significantly higher than for MoMTHA. The linear increase in revision rate of MoMHRS may indicate a progression in failure.

  12. Clinical Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Ankylosed Hip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Siavashi

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background:   Various drugs are administered intra-articularly to provide postoperative analgesia after arthroscopic knee surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the analgesic effects of intra-articular injection of a dexmedetomidine   following knee arthroscopy.     Methods:   Forty six patients schadualed for arthroscopic knee surgery under general anaesthesia, were randomly devided into two groups. Intervention group received 1μg/kg dexmedetomidine (D and isotonic saline. Control group   received 25ml isotonic saline (P. Analgesic effects were evaluated by measuring pain intensity (VAS scores and   duration of analgesia.     Results:   There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of age, sex and weight. The mean of post-operation pain severity in 1, 3, 6,12, and 24 h was significantly lower in the intervention group (D in comparison   with the control group (P. the mean of the total dose of tramadol consumption was significantly lower in the interven       tion group in comparison with the control group (     P

  13. Long-Term Results of Total Hip Arthroplasty With Shortening Subtrochanteric Osteotomy in Crowe IV Developmental Dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollivier, Matthieu; Abdel, Matthew P; Krych, Aaron J; Trousdale, Robert T; Berry, Daniel J

    2016-08-01

    Numerous series have documented short-term successes with cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) and subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy for Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). However, data are lacking regarding long-term implant fixation and patient function. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the 10-year results of cementless THA with simultaneous subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy for Crowe IV DDH. We retrospectively reviewed 28 consecutive primaries cementless THAs performed in 24 patients with Crowe IV DDH between 1992 and 2005. Evaluation was performed through Harris Hip Scores, physical examination, and radiographic analysis. At mean follow-up 10 years, 5 hips were revised, and 3 patients had died leaving 20 hips for clinical analysis. Harris Hip Score was significantly improved compared to preoperative values (43 vs 87 P hip dislocation secondary to dysplasia was associated with high rates of successful implant fixation and stable clinical improvement. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Cockroach Allergy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... at School Allergies Types of Allergies Drug Allergy Food Allergy Insect Allergy Cockroach Allergy Dust Mite Allergy Latex ... Climate and Health Epinephrine in Schools Healthy Settings Food Allergies National Asthma Control Program Patient and Family Engagement ...

  15. Allergy Capitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... at School Allergies Types of Allergies Drug Allergy Food Allergy Insect Allergy Cockroach Allergy Dust Mite Allergy Latex ... Climate and Health Epinephrine in Schools Healthy Settings Food Allergies National Asthma Control Program Patient and Family Engagement ...

  16. The influence of optimism on functionality after total hip replacement surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balck, Friedrich; Lippmann, Maike; Jeszenszky, Csilla; Günther, Klaus-Peter; Kirschner, Stephan

    2016-08-01

    Among other factors, optimism has been shown to significantly influence the course of some diseases (cancer, HIV, coronary heart disease). This study investigated whether optimism of a patient before a total hip replacement can predict the functionality of the lower limbs 3 and 6 months after surgery. A total of 325 patients took part in the study (age: 58.7 years; w: 55%). The functionality was measured with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities arthrosis index, and optimism with the Life Orientation Test. To analyse the influences of age, gender and optimism, general linear models were calculated. In optimistic patients, functionality improved significantly over time. The study showed a clear influence of dispositional optimism on the recovery after total hip replacement in the first 3 months after surgery. © The Author(s) 2015.

  17. Avascular Necrosis Is Associated With Increased Transfusions and Readmission Following Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovecchio, Francis C; Manalo, John Paul; Demzik, Alysen; Sahota, Shawn; Beal, Matthew; Manning, David

    2017-05-01

    Avascular necrosis (AVN) may confer an increased risk of complications and readmission following total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, current risk-adjustment models do not account for AVN. A total of 1706 patients who underwent THA for AVN from 2011 to 2013 were selected from the American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database and matched 1:1 to controls using a predetermined propensity score algorithm. Rates of 30-day medical and surgical complications, readmissions, and reoperations were compared between cohorts. Propensity-score logistic regression was used to determine independent associations between AVN and outcomes of interest. Patients with AVN had a higher rate of medical complications than those without AVN (20.3% vs 15.3%, respectively; PAvascular necrosis of the femoral head is an independent risk factor for transfusion up to 72 hours postoperatively and readmission up to 30 days following total hip replacement. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(3):171-176.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. An unusual case of persistent groin pain after total hip arthroplasty: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friederich Niklaus F

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Arthroplasty is a well-established routine elective surgical procedure in orthopaedics. To a great extent, diagnosis, treatment and post-operative rehabilitation in these patients is standardised. In a busy clinic, surgeons from time to time tend to focus their attention on common causes of joint pain, but it may lead them to overlook sinister but less common pathologies. Here we report a case of a patient with groin pain due to pre-operatively undetected pelvic metastases from a pyeloureteral carcinoma who underwent total hip arthroplasty. There are several case reports which deal with primary or secondary tumours which were either discovered at the time of replacement surgery or developed at the site of prosthesis years after total hip or knee replacement. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report in which a metastatic cancer was missed pre-operatively and intra-operatively both by the radiologist and by the orthopaedic surgeon and should be reported so that surgeons are reminded to be careful when dealing with seemingly routine cases. Case presentation A 79-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the arthroplasty clinic with groin pain. Initial radiographs showed subtle bilateral abnormalities in the pelvis. Neither the radiologist nor the orthopaedic surgeon recognized it. A diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the hip was established, and she underwent total hip arthroplasty. Despite initial improvement, the patient came back with worsening hip pain three months later. Further radiological examination revealed multiple metastatic lesions throughout the pelvis due to a pyeloureteral carcinoma. Conclusions This case report emphasizes the importance of meticulous, unbiased pre-operative assessment of patients and their radiographs, even in so-called routine clinical cases. Often subtle radiological changes are classed as normal, especially if they are bilateral. Further radiological imaging should be recommended

  19. Bone morphogenic protein-2 use in revision total hip arthroplasty with acetabular defects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nodzo, Scott R; Boyle, Keely K; Pavlesen, Sonja; Rachala, Sridhar

    2018-04-01

    The restoration of acetabular bone stock during revision hip arthroplasty remains a challenge. There have been no clinical series reporting the efficacy of bone morphogenic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) in the revision hip setting. We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs and records of 15 patients who received rhBMP-2 mixed with allograft bone chips (+BMP), and 14 who received allograft bone chips alone (-BMP) for their acetabular defect during revision total hip arthroplasty with a mean two-year follow up. Radiographs were evaluated for acetabular defect size, superior cup migration, and changes in the lateral cup abduction angle. Modified Harris hip scores were used for evaluation of clinical outcomes. Patients in the +BMP group compared to the -BMP group had significantly larger amounts of cancellous bone chips used (72.1 ± 35.5 cc vs. 38.6 ± 14.1 cc; p = 0.003). Mean rhBMP-2 used per case was 7.4 ± 3.1 mg in the +BMP group. Three patients in the -BMP group had cup migration which was not observed in the +BMP group. Mean Harris hip scores (HHS) improved post-operatively in both groups (40.1 ± 20.9 to 71.9 ± 19, p revision THA. Cost of this synthetic biologic versus the added clinical benefit should be carefully considered when being used in the revision hip setting.

  20. Infection burden in total hip and knee arthroplasties: an international registry-based perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springer, Bryan D; Cahue, September; Etkin, Caryn D; Lewallen, David G; McGrory, Brian J

    2017-06-01

    Infection remains a leading cause of failure of hip and knee replacements. Infection burden is the ratio of implants revised for infection to the total number of arthroplasties in a specific period, measuring the steady state of infection in a registry. We hypothesized infection burden would be similar among arthroplasty registries. We evaluated publicly reported data from 6 arthroplasty registries (Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry [AOANJRR], New Zealand Joint Registry, Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register, Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register, National Joint Registry of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Isle of Man, and the American Joint Replacement Registry) for revisions performed with an infection diagnosis over the last 6 years. The 2015 hip infection burden varied between registries from 0.76% (AOANJRR) to 1.24% (Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register), and the unweighted overall average for hip infection burden was 0.97%. In 2012, 2013, and 2014, average hip infection burden held steady at 0.87%, 0.93%, and 0.94%, respectively, higher than the preceding 2 years. The 2015 knee infection burden varied from 0.88% (AOANJRR) to 1.28% (Swedish Knee Arthroplasty Register), and the unweighted average was 1.03%. In 2012, 2013, and 2014, knee infection burden was 1.04%, 1.11%, and 1.02%, respectively. These numbers were also higher than the preceding 2 years. Infection burden may be one measure of the overall success in registry populations as well as monitoring the steady state of infection worldwide. Despite global efforts to reduce postoperative infection, infection burden has actually increased in the selected registries over time.

  1. Surgical Approach May Influence Survival of Large-Diameter Head Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty: A 6- to 10-Year Follow-Up Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chih-Chien Hu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Large-diameter head (LDH metal-on-metal (MoM total hip arthroplasty (THA has lost popularity because of metal allergy or ALTRs (adverse local tissue reactions in the past decade. Whether the surgical approach may influence the survival of LDH-MoM-THA has not been reported. From 2006 to 2009, we performed 96 LDH-MoM-THAs on 80 patients using an in situ head-neck assembly technique through a modified Watson-Jones approach. With a mean follow-up of 8.4 years (range, 6.3–10.1 years, the implant survival rate was 100%. All patients were satisfied with the results and the Harris Hip Score improved from 52 points to 98 points. No ALTRs were found, but 17.7% of the 96 hips (17 adverse events experienced adverse events related to the cup, including 5 cases of outlier cup malposition, 11 cases of inadequate cup seating, and 1 acetabular fracture. The tissue tension that was improved by a muscle-sparing approach might lessen the chance of microseparation or edge-loading that is taken as the major risk for early implant failure. Further investigation of whether these LDH-MoM-THAs would fail or not would require a longer follow-up or even retrieval analysis in the future.

  2. Preoperative irradiation for prevention of heterotopic ossification following prosthetic total hip replacement. Results of a prospective study in 462 hips

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koelbl, O.; Seufert, J.; Pohl, F.; Flentje, M.; Tauscher, A.; Springorum, H.W.; Lehmann, H.

    2003-01-01

    Background: The effectiveness of pre- or postoperative radiotherapy for prevention of heterotopic ossification (HO) following total hip replacement (THR) has already been demonstrated in the past. Thereby, in most studies using preoperative radiotherapy patients were irradiated 300 mg) within the first 7 postoperative days and previous ipsi- or contralateral HO influenced the incidence of HO in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Preoperative radiotherapy on the evening before surgery is an effective treatment modality to reduce overall (Brooker 1-4) and clinically relevant, severe HOs (Brooker 3-4), and includes several advantages compared to postoperative irradiation. Previous ipsi- and contralateral HOs were identified as high risk factors for HO in this study. In patients with these risk factors, the incidence of HO increased. (orig.)

  3. A blood-conservation algorithm to reduce blood transfusions after total hip and knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierson, Jeffery L; Hannon, Timothy J; Earles, Donald R

    2004-07-01

    Donation of autologous blood before total joint arthroplasty is inconvenient and costly, causes a phlebotomy-induced anemia, and may be wasteful and unnecessary for the nonanemic patient. We developed a blood-conservation algorithm that does not require predonation of autologous blood, employs selective use of epoetin alfa, and uses evidence-based transfusion criteria. Our hypothesis was that use of this algorithm would reduce the rate of transfusion after unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty as compared with the rates described in previous reports. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 500 consecutive patients in whom unilateral primary total hip or knee arthroplasty had been performed by a single surgeon. The same blood-conservation algorithm was recommended to all patients. Two groups of patients were identified: the first group consisted of 433 patients in whom the algorithm was followed, and the second group consisted of sixty-seven patients in whom the algorithm was not followed. In the group in which the algorithm was followed, the rates of allogeneic transfusion after total knee and total hip arthroplasty were 1.4% (three of 220) and 2.8% (six of 213), respectively. The overall rate of transfusion in this group was only 2.1% (nine of 433). The prevalence of transfusion in the group in which the algorithm was not followed was 16.4% (eleven of sixty-seven). This difference was significant (p = 0.0001). The use of this blood-conservation algorithm resulted in a significant reduction in the need for allogeneic blood transfusions after unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty, and the results compare favorably with the rates of transfusion described in previous reports.

  4. Propolis as an Anti-allergy Based on Decrease in Total Eosinophil Count in Rat Models

    OpenAIRE

    Rashmika Nambiar; Enny Rohmawaty; Leni Lismayanti

    2015-01-01

    Background: Propolis is a natural herb derived from plant resins by bees. Propolis contains flavonoids that act as anti-allergy. The composition of flavonoids in propolis varies according to each region like Brazilian, Chinese, Malaysian and Indonesian propolis due to differences in medicinal plants in that area. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of propolis as an anti-allergy and to determine which is the most effective among propolis of Brazilian, Malaysian and Indonesian ori...

  5. Novas superfícies em artroplastia total do quadril New bearing surfaces in total hip replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Roberto Schwartsmann

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A artroplastia total do quadril tem sido indicada cada vez mais em pacientes mais jovens e ativos, além de haver uma natural e crescente demanda do procedimento em função do aumento da expectativa de vida dos pacientes. Os altos custos da cirurgia e as controvérsias da performance dos implantes fazem deste assunto objeto de constantes pesquisas na busca de novos materiais com melhores resistências ao desgaste e biocompatibilidade. O presente artigo abrange um estudo de revisão das novas superfícies em artroplastia total do quadril.Total hip arthroplasty is being increasingly indicated for younger and more active patients, in addition to a naturally growing demand for the procedure because of increasing life expectancy among patients. The high costs of this surgery and the controversies regarding implant performance have made this topic the subject of constant research, seeking new materials with better resistance to wear and better biocompatibility. The present article provides a review of new surfaces in total hip arthroplasty.

  6. Greater Trochanteric Reattachment Using the Third-Generation Cable Plate System in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, In-Sung; Pansey, Nachiket; Kansay, Rajeev K; Yoo, Je-Hyun; Lee, Hwang-Yong; Chang, Jun-Dong

    2017-06-01

    The purpose of the study is to evaluate the radiologic and functional results of greater trochanteric reattachment using the third-generation cable plate system in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). A total of 47 trochanteric fixations (27 men and 18 women; mean age of 60.2 years) using the third-generation cable plate system in revision THA were retrospectively evaluated. The mean follow-up was 80.4 months (range 27-148 months). The osteotomized greater trochanter was reattached using the Cable-Ready system (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN) and the Dall-Miles cable system (Stryker, Mahwah, NJ). The clinical results with Harris hip score, visual analog scale, and radiologic outcomes were evaluated. The mean Harris hip score was improved from 55.7 (range 17-72) preoperatively to 90.8 (range 68-100; P = .001) postoperatively, and the mean pain score was improved from 6.6 (range 3-10) to 2.5 (range 0-6; P = .001), respectively. Nonunion was observed in 6 hips (12.7%). Migration of the osteotomized greater trochanteric fragment (>1 cm) was seen in 8 hips (17.0%). Cable breakage occurred in 13 cases (27.6%). Although 5 cable plate systems were removed, there was no need for reattachment of the greater trochanter in this study. This study showed a relatively high incidence of radiologic failure after greater trochanteric reattachment using the cable plate system in revision THA, although reattachments were not required and clinical outcome was relatively satisfactory. Periodic and close observation for the early detection of failure is necessary. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [The standard implantation of a total hip prosthesis via two incisions (the Yale Technique)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kipping, Robert

    2009-09-01

    Implantation of a total hip endoprosthesis with minimal trauma to the soft tissue. The need for visual aids (e.g., navigation or X-rays) during the procedure is frequently avoided. All kinds of coxarthrosis for every age group, for every variation of bone construction, and even in obese patients. Extremely dysplastic hip joints involving the development of a secondary socket and the necessity of reconstruction of the acetabular socket (e.g., in the Harris method). Using a fixed lateral position, a small entry incision is made between the tensor fasciae latae and the sartorius muscles and the prosthesis socket is put into place. Via a second dorsal incision, after stripping the exterior rotators, the prosthesis stem and ball are implanted and the two parts of the prosthesis are attached. Full weight bearing allowed immediately. A luxation prophylaxis, in the form of a self-developed hip bodice (the so-called Yale bandage), is used until the end of the 4th postoperative week. Discharge from hospital is possible after just a few days. Upon discharge, the patient is sent to a rehabilitation facility, either as a resident or as an outpatient, for approximately 3 weeks. Return to the workplace, with only light physical activity, is possible once the wound has healed completely; this could be as soon as 14 days after the operation. Checkups are made after 4 weeks, 6 months, 1 year and then every year; these checkups include a full examination, X-rays and laboratory tests. Full exposure to sport or heavy manual labor is usually approved after the 6-month checkup. Between October 2004 and April 2006, a total of 221 patients underwent surgery using this new technique (of these 15 patients underwent two-stage bilateral hip joint replacements). Patients were followed up for a minimum of 12 months and a maximum of 30 months. The Harris Hip Score improved from an average of 45.25 preoperatively to 96.4 postoperatively.

  8. Three-Dimensional Templating for Acetabular Component Alignment During Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elbuluk, Ameer M; Wojack, Paul; Eftekhary, Nima; Vigdorchik, Jonathan M

    2017-07-01

    Appropriate placement of the acetabular cup is an important determinant of implant stability and longevity. Malposition of acetabular cups negatively influences prosthesis survival and leads to an increased dislocation rate. The objective of the study was to determine the role of 3-dimensional templating in obtaining accurate acetabular component placement in total hip arthroplasty. In this computed tomography-based study, the authors identified 93 patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty with computer-assisted navigation. Using 3-dimensional planning, the authors templated the acetabular component at an inclination of 40° and anteversion of 20°. To classify acetabular cup coverage by bone, the acetabulum was used as a clock face with the center of the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) as 6-o'clock. Analyses revealed that 72% of cups were uncovered between 9- to 1-o'clock for right hips. On the left side, 88% of cups were uncovered between 11- to 3-o'clock. Across all hips, 74% of cups had a 1-o'clock position at the most lateral aspect. Further analysis revealed that 46% of acetabular cups had a teardrop at the same level of the most inferior aspect of the cup, whereas only 37% of cups had a teardrop above the inferior aspect of the cup. Finally, the acetabular component was aligned with the TAL in 76% of hips, retroverted to the TAL in 16%, and anteverted to the TAL in 8%. The current study demonstrates a useful gross intraoperative reference tool to standardize cup position without the need for additional equipment and reliance on anatomical landmarks. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(4):e708-e713.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  9. Social profile and cost analysis of deep infection following total hip replacement surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lucia Frazão

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To characterize the socio-economic and demographic profile of patients undergoing surgery for revision total hip arthroplasty regarding the diagnosis of deep prosthetic infection. METHODS: Twenty patients were retrospectively studied, admitted in the period between 2009 and 2010 by the Hip Surgery Group with the diagnosis of deep prosthetic infection, whose proposed treatment was surgical. This study was carried out in the presence of the patient by completing two forms applied by the social worker of the Group. RESULTS: In a 20-patient sample, 40% were male, 45% were working age, 50% of patients originated from the capital, 85% depended on benefits, 70% were retired, 60% of patients were from this hospital, and 40% were from other services. The average cost of patients to the public system was R$ 55,821.62 per patient and the total spent on treatment of patients in the study exceeded one million Brazilian reals, totalling R$ 1,116,432.40. CONCLUSION: Infection from total hip arthroplasty generates a major expense to the social security system and to the public healthcare system. Physicians must always be alert to the possible risk factors and perioperative care, striving to minimize this complication.

  10. Prevention of venous thromboembolic disease after total hip and knee arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Jay R; Hsu, Wellington K

    2005-09-01

    Patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty are at increased risk for the development of venous thromboembolic disease, and there is general agreement that these patients require prophylaxis. The selection of a prophylactic agent involves a balance between efficacy and safety and often needs to be individualized for specific patients and institutions. Despite extensive research, the ideal agent for prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis has not been identified. The results of randomized trials indicate that low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, and fondaparinux are the most effective prophylactic agents after total hip arthroplasty and that low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, fondaparinux, and pneumatic compression boots are the most effective agents after total knee arthroplasty. The duration of prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis after total hip and knee arthroplasty remains controversial. Prophylaxis should be continued beyond hospital discharge. In the future, the determination of the duration of prophylaxis will be based on the risk stratification of individual patients. The practice of discharging patients from the hospital without prophylaxis, even when the decision is based on negative results of procedures that screen for the presence of deep venous thrombosis, is not cost-effective.

  11. Cementless Total Hip Replacement for the Management of Severe Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in the Middle Eastern Population. A Prospective Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed A Imam

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionIn the Middle East, severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH with subsequent high dislocation is often seen. We assessed the efficiency of total hip replacement (THR with subtrochanteric shortening femoral osteotomy and trochanteric advancement in this population.MethodsThis prospective study assessed 25 female patients with symptomatic and severe (Crowe IV. Pre and post-operative Harris hip (HHS and Oxford hip scores (OHS were performed alongside assessment of leg length discrepancy (LLD and the ability to sit in a cross legged position. Results The mean HHS and OHS improved preoperatively at one and ten years respectively (p-value˂ 0.001. The mean postoperative LLD was 3mm (0-8mm. Functionally, 22/25 patients were able to sit cross-legged. None of the 25 hips underwent revision during this period.ConclusionTotal hip replacement with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy in combination with trochanteric advancement is sufficient for the management of Crowe type IV hips in this population.

  12. What is the lifetime risk of revision for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty? a 40-year observational study of patients treated with the Charnley cemented total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdel, M P; Roth, P von; Harmsen, W S; Berry, D J

    2016-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the lifetime risk of revision surgery for patients undergoing Charnley cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA), with 40-year follow up, using death as a competing risk. We retrospectively reviewed 2000 cemented Charnley THAs, with 51 living hips available at 40 years. The cumulative risk of revision or removal for any reason was 13% (95% confidence interval (CI) 12 to 15). Patients aged under 50 years at the time of surgery had a 35% (95% CI 28 to 42) risk of revision or removal for any reason (Hazard Ratio (HR) 3.6; 95% CI 2.5 to 5.2; p revision or removal for any reason (HR 2.1; 95% CI 1.7 to 2.7; p revision, we have been able to develop a 'rule of thumb' for lifetime likelihood of revision or implant removal for the Charnley THA: one in three for patients < 50 years, one in five for patients 50 to 59 years, one in ten for patients 60 to 69 years, and one in 20 for patients ≥ 70 years. The results provide a benchmark for comparison of outcomes, for the newer designs of THA. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2016;98-B:1436-40. ©2016 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  13. Medium-term results of ceramic-on-polyethylene Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H; Zhang, S; Wang, X M; Lin, J H; Kou, B L

    2017-08-01

    The need for better durability and longevity in total hip arthroplasty for patients with various hip joint diseases remains a challenge. This study aimed to obtain medium-term results at a follow-up of >10 years for Zweymüller-Plus total hip arthroplasty with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing. A retrospective study was conducted to review the results after a minimum of 12.4 years of 207 consecutive total hip arthroplasties in 185 patients in Peking University People's Hospital in China using the Zweymüller SL-Plus stem in combination with the Bicon-Plus threaded cup and ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing between October 1994 and April 2000. During the study period, two patients (2 hips) died and 25 patients (28 hips) were lost to follow-up. Two hips were revised for aseptic loosening of the Bicon-Plus cup. The mean clinical and radiological follow-up was 14.1 years (range, 12.4-16.5 years) for the remaining 156 patients (175 hips). The mean (standard deviation) Harris Hip score for the 175 hips increased significantly from 39.3 (3.8) preoperatively to 94.1 (2.5) postoperatively at a mean follow-up of 14.1 years (P100%). The high survival rate of the cementless Zweymüller-Plus system with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing at mid-term follow-up makes this total hip arthroplasty system reliable for patients with various hip joint diseases.

  14. Case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient with the diagnosis of polyarthritis after total hip replacement

    OpenAIRE

    Tsolakki, Eleni

    2015-01-01

    Title of the thesis: Case study of physiotherapy treatment of a patient with the diagnosis of polyarthritis after total hip replacement Author: Eleni Tsolakki Work placement: Revmatologický Ustav in Prague Summary In this bachelor thesis, which was written and composed by myself, it is divided in two parts, the theoretical part and the special part. Theoretical part describes the anatomy of the hip joint, specifically the bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves and blood supply of the hip joint. In...

  15. A prospective randomised study comparing the jubilee dressing method to a standard adhesive dressing for total hip and knee replacements.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Burke, Neil G

    2012-08-01

    It is important to reduce potential wound complications in total hip and total knee arthroplasty procedures. The purpose of this study was to compare the jubilee dressing method to a standard adhesive dressing.

  16. Re-dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty for recurrent dislocation: a multicentre study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimoto, Kensei; Nakashima, Yasuharu; Aota, Shigeo; Kaneuji, Ayumi; Fukui, Kiyokazu; Hirakawa, Kazuo; Nakura, Nariaki; Kinoshita, Koichi; Naito, Masatoshi; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2017-02-01

    Although most case of dislocations after total hip arthroplasty (THA) can be managed with conservative treatment, recurrent dislocation may require surgical intervention. This multicentre study was conducted to evaluate the re-dislocation rate after revision THA for recurrent dislocation, and to determine the risk factors for re-dislocation. We retrospectively reviewed the 88 hips in 88 patients who underwent revision THA for recurrent dislocation at five institutions between 1995 and 2014. The mean patient age at surgery was 68.5 years and the mean follow-up period was 53.1 months. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for re-dislocation. Sixteen hips in 16 patients (18.2 %) re-dislocated at a mean of 25.5 months (range, 1-83 months) after revision THA. Multivariate analysis identified osteonecrosis of the femoral head (odds ratio [OR] = 5.62 vs. osteoarthritis) and a femoral head size hips required additional revision THA for re-dislocation. The re-dislocation rate after revision THA for recurrent dislocation remains high, suggesting the need for prevention measures. We recommend the use of a femoral head size ≥ 32 mm.

  17. The effects of the empowerment education program in older adults with total hip replacement surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Tzu-Ting; Sung, Chia-Chun; Wang, Woan-Shyuan; Wang, Bi-Hwa

    2017-08-01

    To measure the effectiveness of an education empowerment program on primary (self-efficacy and self-care competence) and secondary outcomes (Activities of Daily Life, mobility, depressive mood and quality of life) for older adults with total hip replacement surgery. Degenerative arthritis is a common and serious chronic illness that impacts the quality of life of older adults. As joints continue to degenerate and the hip damaged by arthritis, activities of daily life will be difficult to perform due to severe hip pain and joint stiffness. Therefore, hip replacement surgery should be considered and effective nursing care should be provided to improve the recovery of older adults. A prospective randomized control trial. A trial was conducted from September 2013 - May 2014 in two hospitals in northern Taiwan. 108 participants were random assigned to either the education empowerment group or in the comparison group. The researchers collected baseline data at admission and outcomes on the day of discharge, one month after and three months after the discharge. After the interventions, the education empowerment group participants demonstrated significantly higher self-care competence and self-efficacy and lower depressive inclinations compared with those in the comparison group. Participants in both groups significantly improved on activities of daily life, mobility and quality of life over the course of the interventions. This education empowerment intervention was very effective in enhancing participants' outcomes. Moreover, involving both older adults and their caregivers for the participation this program is recommended for a greater impact. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Tribological characterisation of UHMWPE used in dual mobility total hip prosthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Essefi, I.; Hakkouna, H.; Ouenzerfi, G.; Mollon, G.; Hamza, S.; Renault, E.; Berthier, Y.; Trunfio-Sfarghiu, A.-M.

    2016-08-01

    Total hip arthroplasty represents an effective solution for bone and joint diseases. Nevertheless, the hip prosthesis has a limited lifetime, in the average around fifteen years. Their improvement, especially their dual mobility is the objective of this study. Therefore, our strategy is focused on improving the material by comparing three types of polyethylene to determine the best one from a friction mechanism and wear rate minimization standpoint. A dual mobility hip prosthesis, containing a two-sided steel and cobalt chrome cup, was tested with a TORNIER hip joint simulator in calf serum. The rubbed surfaces were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact angle measurements, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and confocal fluorescence microscopy. All these multiscale characterization techniques (from nanoscale to millimeter and micro- scale) showed that the velocity accommodation mechanism is different from one type of polyethylene to another. The wear in the case of standard polyethylene was noticeable and the particles were large and scattered between the surface of polyethylene, the surface of the cup and in the calf serum. For the crosslinked polyethylene, the particles coming from the wear, were not as large, but they were spread the same way as the first case. Even though it shares the same accommodation principle on the detachment of the material with the crosslinked polyethylene the wear particles for the crosslinked vitaminized polyethylene were large and they were only found on the surface of the polyethylene.

  19. Routine one-stage exchange for chronic infection after total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenny, Jean-Yves; Lengert, Régis; Diesinger, Yann; Gaudias, Jeannot; Boeri, Cyril; Kempf, Jean-François

    2014-12-01

    We hypothesized that a routine one-stage exchange for treatment of chronically infected total hip replacement (THR) will lead to (1) a higher rate of infection recurrence and (2) a poorer hip outcome than the published rates after two-stage exchange. Sixty-five cases have been treated consecutively with one-stage exchange. All patients have been followed for a period of three to six years or until death or infection recurrence. The five-year rate for infection recurrence was 16%. The five-year survival rate for recurrence of the index infection was 8%. Forty-two percent of the hips had a good or excellent PMA score, and 46% a good or excellent OH score. Routine one-stage exchange was not associated with a higher recurrence rate and a poorer hip function than previously published series of two-stage exchange. Therefore, there is little support to choose two-stage exchange as the routine treatment for management of chronically infected THR.

  20. Interobserver and Intraobserver Reliability of Three-Dimensional Preoperative Planning Software in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wako, Yasushi; Nakamura, Junichi; Miura, Michiaki; Kawarai, Yuya; Sugano, Masahiko; Nawata, Kento

    2018-02-01

    The purpose of this study is to clarify interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of the three-dimensional (3D) templating of total hip arthroplasty (THA). We selected preoperative computed tomography from 60 hips in 46 patients (14 men and 32 women) who underwent primary THA. To evaluate interobserver and intraobserver reliability, 6 orthopedic surgeons performed 3D templating twice over a 4-week interval. We investigated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and percent agreement of component size and alignment, comparing morphological differences in the hip. Reproducibility was also compared between groups with osteoarthritis (OA) and those with osteonecrosis (ON). The interobserver reliabilities for mean cup size and stem size were excellent, with ICC = 0.907 and 0.944, respectively. The value was significantly higher in the ON group than in the OA group. In the OA group, the reliability of cup size and alignment decreased in hips with severe subluxation. Percent agreement of stem size was significantly different between the shapes of femoral canal. For intraobserver reliability, the mean ICC of cup size was 0.965 overall, while the value in the ON group was significantly higher than in the OA group. The mean ICC of stem size was 0.972 overall. Computed tomography-based 3D templating showed excellent reliability for component size and alignment in THA. Deformity of the affected joint influenced the reliability of preoperative planning. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Outcomes of Modular Dual Mobility Acetabular Components in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutter, E Grant; McClellan, Taylor R; Attarian, David E; Bolognesi, Michael P; Lachiewicz, Paul F; Wellman, Samuel S

    2017-09-01

    There is a high rate of dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty. This study evaluated the outcomes of 1 modular dual mobility component in revision total hip arthroplasty in patients at high risk of dislocation. We reviewed 64 revisions performed in 27 (42%) patients for recurrent dislocation, 16 (25%) for adverse local tissue reaction, 11 (17%) for reimplantation infection, and 10 (16%) for aseptic loosening, malposition, or fracture. Complications, reoperations, and survivorship were evaluated. Three-year survival was 98% with failure defined as aseptic loosening and 91% with failure as cup removal for any reason. With mean follow-up time of 38 months, there were 14 complications, including 2 dislocations treated with closed reduction, 9 infections, and 12 reoperations. All complications occurred in patients revised for instability, adverse local tissue reaction, or infection. The early results of this component are promising, with good overall survival and low rate of dislocation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Cost-effectiveness of positive contrast and nuclear arthrography in patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Swan, J.S.; Braunstein, E.M.; Capello, W.; Wellman, H.

    1989-01-01

    The authors have compared the cost effectiveness of contrast arthrography (CA) and nuclear arthrography (NA), in which In-111 chloride is injected with the contrast material, of total hip arthroplasties. Their series included 48 cases of surgically proved loose femoral components. The cost per true-positive result was obtained by taking the total cost of the examinations in surgically proved cases and dividing by the number of true-position cases. The cost of CA was $297 and the cost of NA was $335. For CA, the cost per true positive was $1,018, and for the NA the cost per true positive was $946. In spite of higher initial cost, NA is more cost effective than CA on a cost per true-positive case basis. NA is cost effective in evaluating hip arthroplasties in which there is suspicion of a loose femoral component

  3. Phase transformation of a zirconia ceramic head after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haraguchi, K; Sugano, N; Nishii, T; Miki, H; Oka, K; Yoshikawa, H

    2001-09-01

    We report two cases of surface deterioration of a zirconia ceramic femoral head associated with phase transformation after total hip arthroplasty. One head was retrieved at revision due to recurrent dislocation after six years and the other because of failure of the locking mechanism of the polyethylene liner after three years. The monoclinic content of the zirconia ceramics rose from 1% to about 30% on the surface of the heads. SEM revealed numerous craters indicating extraction of the zirconia ceramics at the surface. Surface roughness increased from an initial value of 0.006 microm up to 0.12 microm. This is the first report to show that phase transformation of zirconia ceramics causes deterioration of the surface roughness of the head in vivo after total hip arthroplasty.

  4. A Dual Biomechanical Failure: Exeter Stem and Pubic Rami Insufficiency Fracture, following Hybrid Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samra, Inderpaul; Paliobeis, Christos

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Incidence of Exeter stem fracture is extremely uncommon. Pubic rami insufficiency fractures following arthroplasty are also rare. To our knowledge no cases of spontaneous stem failure with previous insufficiency fractures have yet been reported. Case Presentation. This report describes a case of spontaneous fracture through a cemented Exeter stem in a 66-year-old patient who had previously undergone a hybrid total hip replacement and was found to have bifocal pubic rami insufficiency fractures. The patient presented 18-year postprimary surgery with spontaneous fracture of the middle third of the cemented femoral stem and adjacent proximal femur. Conclusion. This report demonstrates a unique case of Exeter stem fracture with previous pelvic insufficiency fractures. The case adds to the rare occurrences of Exeter stem failure in the literature and highlights the risk of potential insufficiency fractures in patients undergoing total hip replacement.

  5. Assessment Of Patient Problems Encountered With Total Hip Replacement At Baghdad Teaching Hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faris Fauze Ahmed

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total hip replacements conduct highly effective in relieving pain dysfunction for patients who suffer from hip inflammation and a variety of reasons however after several decades of success in hip replacement there was also an increase in cases of fractures after you perform a detailed switch and attributed this The increase in the prevalence of a large fraction of the increase in the number of switch detailed and increasing age and poverty operations. Objectives The study aims toAssess the pre operation physical and psychosocial problems of patients with total hip replacement. To Assess the post operation physical and psychosocial problems of patients with total hip replacement. To find out the relationship between pre post physical and psychosocial problems with age gender duration of illness and type of operation. Design of the study A descriptive design study was carried out in Nursing Home hospital and Ghazi AL-Hariri for specialized surgical hospitals starting from January 13th 2015 to September 1st 2015 The study Sample A non- probability purposive sample of 50 patients undergoing total hip replacement surgery who have several problems before and after surgery. The study Instrument The study instrument was composed of three parts which as socio demographic information was included age group gender marital status level of education occupational economic part two consist of medical information was comprised of 7 items and part three contain physical and psychosocial problems through Hamilton anxiety scale consist of 84 items. Validity and Reliability The content validity of the instrument was established through a panel of 14 experts the reliability of the items was based on the internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by calculating Cronbach s Coefficient alpha which as 0.73. Statistical Analysis The researchers used the appropriate statistical methods for data analysis which include the descriptive data

  6. Efficacy of intraoperative blood collection and reinfusion in revision total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarin, Jeffrey; Grosvenor, David; Schurman, David; Goodman, Stuart

    2003-11-01

    Patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty frequently require perioperative blood transfusion, increasing the risk for blood-borne disease and anaphylactic and hemolytic reactions. The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effect of intraoperative blood collection and reinfusion on net blood loss in patients undergoing revision hip arthroplasty. The medical records of 126 patients who had had a revision total hip arthroplasty with intraoperative blood salvage, with use of a collection and reinfusion device, during a twenty-eight-month period were reviewed. For comparison, the medical records of ninety-six patients who had undergone revision hip arthroplasty without intraoperative blood salvage were reviewed. Each of the 222 patients was categorized into a group on the basis of the type of revision. Patients who had a revision of the femoral and acetabular components (Group C) had significantly higher mean intraoperative and total blood loss than did those who had a revision of the femoral component only (Group A [p = 0.009 and p = 0.02, respectively]) or a revision of the acetabular component only (Group B [p = 0.0001 for both]). Total blood loss was not significantly different between Groups A and B. The mean amount of blood reinfused intraoperatively was 356 mL for the patients in Group A, 374 mL for the patients in Group B, and 519 mL for the patients in Group C. Regression analysis showed a significant decrease in net blood loss with intraoperative collection and reinfusion in Groups B (p = 0.002) and C (p = 0.0001) but not in Group A. Intraoperative collection and reinfusion substantially decreased net perioperative blood loss in patients who had a revision of both components (Group C) and in those who had a revision of the acetabular component (Group B). The use of intraoperative blood collection and reinfusion appears to be a valuable method of preserving blood volume in the perioperative period.

  7. Anterior Subluxation after Total Hip Replacement Confirmed by Radiographs: Report of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conor P. McGrory

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Demonstrable anterior subluxation of the femoral head after a total hip arthroplasty is a rare complication and is usually transient. Both a case of recurrent subluxation and a case of chronic subluxation are described in this paper, each one presenting with unexpected femoral head eccentricity in the acetabulum on radiograph. We show how this unusual complication can be successfully identified and treated.

  8. Predictors of revision, prosthetic joint infection and mortality following total hip or total knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cordtz, Rene Lindholm; Zobbe, Kristian; Højgaard, Pil

    2018-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To investigate predictors of 10-year risk of revision and 1-year risk of prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and death following total hip/total knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) in (1) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared with patients with osteoarthritis (OA); and (2) patients......) and the Danish Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Registers. Survival analyses were used to calculate confounder-adjusted sub-HRs (SHR) and HRs. RESULTS: In total, 3913 patients with RA with THA/TKA were compared with 120 499 patients with OA. Patients with RA had decreased risk of revision (SHR 0.71 (0.......57-0.89)), but increased risk of PJI (SHR=1.46 (1.13-1.88)) and death (HR=1.25 (1.01-1.55)). In DANBIO, 345 of 1946 patients with RA with THA/TKA had received bDMARD treatment within 90 days preceding surgery. bDMARD-treated patients did not have a statistically significant increased risk of revision (SHR=1.49 (0...

  9. A randomised controlled trial of total hip arthroplasty versus resurfacing arthroplasty in the treatment of young patients with arthritis of the hip joint.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achten, Juul; Parsons, Nick R; Edlin, Richard P; Griffin, Damian R; Costa, Matthew L

    2010-01-14

    Hip replacement (arthroplasty) surgery is a highly successful treatment for patients with severe symptomatic arthritis of the hip joint. For older patients, several designs of Total Hip Arthroplasty have shown excellent results in terms of both function and value for money. However, in younger more active patients, there is approximately a 50% failure rate at 25 years for traditional implants. Hip resurfacing is a relatively new arthroplasty technique. In a recent review of the literature on resurfacing arthroplasty it was concluded that the short-term functional results appear promising but some potential early disadvantages were identified, including the risk of femoral neck fracture and collapse of the head of the femur. The aim of the current study is to assess whether there is a difference in functional hip scores at one year post-operation between Total Hip Arthroplasty and Resurfacing Arthroplasty. Secondary aims include assessment of complication rates for both procedures as well cost effectiveness. All patients medically fit for surgery and deemed suitable for a resurfacing arthroplasty are eligible to take part in this study. A randomisation sequence will be produced and administered independently. After consenting, all patients will be clinically reviewed and hip function, quality of life and physical activity level will be assessed through questionnaires. The allocated surgery will then be performed with the preferred technique of the surgeon. Six weeks post-operation hip function will be assessed and complications recorded. Three, six and 12 months post-operation hip function, quality of life and physical activity level will be assessed. Additional information about patients' out-of-pocket expenses will also be collected. Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN33354155. UKCLRN portfolio ID 4093.

  10. Flowtron foot-pumps for prevention of venous thromboembolism in total hip and knee replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitto, Rocco P; Koh, Chuan K

    2015-03-01

    Mechanical prophylaxis with foot-pumps provides an interesting alternative to chemical agents in the prevention of venous thomboembolism following major orthopaedic surgery procedures. The aim of this prospective study was to assess efficacy and safety of the Flowtron(®) foot-pumps system following total hip and knee replacement. The foot pumps were used as main tool for prevention of thromboembolic events, in most cases in association with a variety of chemicals. The primary endpoint of the study was to assess the incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after total hip and knee replacement. The secondary endpoints included postoperative bleeding, swelling, bruising and wound ooze. 424 consecutive patients were included in the study. Symptomatic deep vein thrombosis was detected in 7 patients (1.6%). All symptomatic deep vein thromboses were detected after discharge before the six week follow-up clinic. Five non-fatal pulmonary embolisms occurred (1.2%). Only one patient presented a major wound bleeding (0.2%). The mean difference of swelling of thigh pre-versus postoperatively was only 22.8 mm. In conclusion, thromboembolism prophylaxis after total hip and knee replacement using Flowtron(®) foot-pumps as main prevention tool of an individualised protocol appears effective and safe. This is the first clinical report related to this popular brand of foot pumps.

  11. Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Avascular Necrosis After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijapura, Anita; Levine, Harlan B; Donato, Michele; Hartzband, Mark A; Baker, Melissa; Klein, Gregg R

    2018-03-01

    The immunosuppressive regimens required for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation predispose recipients to complications, including avascular necrosis. Cancer-related comorbidities, immunosuppression, and poor bone quality theoretically increase the risk for perioperative medical complications, infection, and implant-related complications in total joint arthroplasty. This study reviewed 20 primary total hip arthroplasties for avascular necrosis in 14 patients. Outcomes were assessed at routine clinical visits and Harris hip scores were calculated. Follow-up radiographs were evaluated for component malposition, loosening, polyethylene wear, and osteolysis. Average follow-up was 44.5 months for all patients. Postoperative clinical follow-up revealed good to excellent outcomes, with significant improvement in functional outcome scores. There were no periprosthetic infections or revisions for aseptic loosening. There was 1 dislocation on postoperative day 40, which was treated successfully with a closed reduction. Two patients with a prior history of venous thromboembolism developed a pulmonary embolus on postoperative day 13 and 77, respectively. Four patients died several months to years after arthroplasty of complications unrelated to the surgical procedure. Total hip arthroplasty can both be safely performed and greatly improve quality of life in recipients of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation who develop avascular necrosis. However, prolonged venous thromboembolism prophylaxis should be carefully considered in this high-risk patient population. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(2):e257-e261.]. Copyright 2018, SLACK Incorporated.

  12. Two-year experience with cell salvage in total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buget, Mehmet I; Dikici, Fatih; Edipoğlu, İpek S; Yıldız, Eren; Valiyev, Natig; Kucukay, Suleyman

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the cell salvage system in total hip arthroplasty surgeries and whether the cell salvage system can reduce the allogeneic blood transfusion requirement in total hip arthroplasty patients. We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients who underwent hip arthroplasty surgeries between 2010 and 2012 in a university hospital. A total of 181 arthroplasty patients were enrolled in our study. In the cell salvage group, the mean perioperative rate of allogeneic blood transfusion was significantly lower (92.53±111.88mL) than that in the control group (170.14±116.79mL; pcontrol group (152.22±208.37mL), although the difference was not statistically significant. The number of patients receiving allogeneic blood transfusion in the CS group (n=29; 43.2%) was also significantly lower than control group (n=56; 73.6%; pde Anestesiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  13. [Two-year experience with cell salvage in total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buget, Mehmet I; Dikici, Fatih; Edipoğlu, İpek S; Yıldız, Eren; Valiyev, Natig; Kucukay, Suleyman

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of the cell salvage system in total hip arthroplasty surgeries and whether the cell salvage system can reduce the allogeneic blood transfusion requirement in total hip arthroplasty patients. We reviewed retrospectively the medical records of patients who underwent hip arthroplasty surgeries between 2010 and 2012 in a university hospital. A total of 181 arthroplasty patients were enrolled in our study. In the cell salvage group, the mean perioperative rate of allogeneic blood transfusion was significantly lower (92.53±111.88mL) than that in the control group (170.14±116.79mL; pcontrol group (152.22±208.37mL), although the difference was not statistically significant. The number of patients receiving allogeneic blood transfusion in the CS group (n=29; 43.2%) was also significantly lower than control group (n=56; 73.6%; pde Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  14. Indications, cost and safety implications of traditional post-operative radiography following total hip replacement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mulhall, K.J.; Khan, Y.; Masterson, E.; Burke, T.E.

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: As routine check radiographs obtained in the recovery room following total hip arthroplasty present issues of concern regarding quality, cost and safety of both staff and patient, we wished to determine the usefulness and indications for this investigation as a screening tool for post-operative dislocation. MethodsA 10-year retrospective analysis of all total hip replacements performed in a single Regional Orthopaedic Hospital, considering the total number of hip arthroplasties performed and the number of acute recovery room dislocations using theatre records and patient notes. We then randomly selected the recovery room and departmental radiographs of 100 patients and compared them with regard to the need for repeat radiographs and subsequent costs generated. ResultsRecovery room radiographs were not statistically superior to clinical assessment in the diagnosis of acute post-operative dislocations (P=0.7), and these were associated with increased costs because it was necessary to repeat poor quality films (P=0.008). The use of recovery room radiography was also therefore associated with significant safety implications for patients and staff. ConclusionsThe conclusion was that recovery room radiographs are neither a safe, effective nor economical method of screening for dislocation. Furthermore, they fail to provide reliable or reproducible information and expose patients and staff to extra radiation. It is recommended therefore that recovery room radiographs should only be obtained for clinical indications, with most routine post-operative radiography being performed in a standardised fashion in the radiology department

  15. Age Related Macular Degeneration and Total Hip Replacement Due to Osteoarthritis or Fracture: Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine W Chong

    Full Text Available Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of total hip replacement, accounting for more than 80% of all total hip replacements. Emerging evidence suggests that osteoarthritis has a chronic inflammatory component to its pathogenesis similar to age-related macular degeneration. We evaluated the association between age-related macular degeneration and total hip replacement as proxy for severe osteoarthritis or fractured neck of femur in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. 20,744 participants had complete data on both age-related macular degeneration assessed from colour fundus photographs taken during 2003-2007 and total hip replacement. Total hip replacements due to hip osteoarthritis and fractured neck of femur during 2001-2011 were identified by linking the cohort records to the Australian Orthopedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between age-related macular degeneration and risk of total hip replacement due to osteoarthritis and fracture separately, adjusted for confounders. There were 791 cases of total hip replacement for osteoarthritis and 102 cases of total hip replacement due to fractured neck of femur. After adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and grouped country of birth, intermediate age-related macular degeneration was directly associated with total hip replacement for osteoarthritis (odds ratio 1.22, 95% CI 1.00-1.49. Late age-related macular degeneration was directly associated with total hip replacement due to fractured neck of femur (odds ratio 5.21, 95% CI2.25-12.02. The association between intermediate age-related macular degeneration and an increased 10-year incidence of total hip replacement due to osteoarthritis suggests the possibility of similar inflammatory processes underlying both chronic diseases. The association of late age-related macular degeneration with an increased 10-year incidence of total hip replacement due to fractured

  16. Age Related Macular Degeneration and Total Hip Replacement Due to Osteoarthritis or Fracture: Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Elaine W; Wang, Yuanyuan; Robman, Liubov D; Aung, Khin Zaw; Makeyeva, Galina A; Giles, Graham G; Graves, Stephen; Cicuttini, Flavia M; Guymer, Robyn H

    2015-01-01

    Osteoarthritis is the leading cause of total hip replacement, accounting for more than 80% of all total hip replacements. Emerging evidence suggests that osteoarthritis has a chronic inflammatory component to its pathogenesis similar to age-related macular degeneration. We evaluated the association between age-related macular degeneration and total hip replacement as proxy for severe osteoarthritis or fractured neck of femur in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. 20,744 participants had complete data on both age-related macular degeneration assessed from colour fundus photographs taken during 2003-2007 and total hip replacement. Total hip replacements due to hip osteoarthritis and fractured neck of femur during 2001-2011 were identified by linking the cohort records to the Australian Orthopedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry. Logistic regression was used to examine the association between age-related macular degeneration and risk of total hip replacement due to osteoarthritis and fracture separately, adjusted for confounders. There were 791 cases of total hip replacement for osteoarthritis and 102 cases of total hip replacement due to fractured neck of femur. After adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, and grouped country of birth, intermediate age-related macular degeneration was directly associated with total hip replacement for osteoarthritis (odds ratio 1.22, 95% CI 1.00-1.49). Late age-related macular degeneration was directly associated with total hip replacement due to fractured neck of femur (odds ratio 5.21, 95% CI2.25-12.02). The association between intermediate age-related macular degeneration and an increased 10-year incidence of total hip replacement due to osteoarthritis suggests the possibility of similar inflammatory processes underlying both chronic diseases. The association of late age-related macular degeneration with an increased 10-year incidence of total hip replacement due to fractured neck of femur may be

  17. Satisfactory Results of the Exeter Revision Femoral Stem Used for Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desy, Nicholas M; Johnson, Joshua D; Sierra, Rafael J

    2017-02-01

    The Exeter cemented femoral stem has demonstrated excellent clinical and radiographic outcomes as well as long-term survivorship free from aseptic loosening. A shorter revision stem (125 mm) with a 44 offset became available for the purpose of cement-in-cement revision situations. In certain cases, this shorter revision stem may be used for various primary total hip arthroplasties (THAs) where the standard length stem would require distally reaming the femoral canal. We sought to report on the early to midterm results of this specific stem when used for primary THA regarding (1) clinical and radiographic outcomes, (2) complications, and (3) survivorship. Twenty-nine patients (33 hips) underwent a hybrid THA using the smaller revision Exeter cemented femoral stem. Twenty-five patients (28 hips) had at least 2 years of follow-up and were assessed for clinical and radiographic outcomes. All 33 hips were included in the analysis of complications and survivorship. The Kaplan-Meier survivorship was performed using revision for all causes and for aseptic loosening as the end points. The average clinical follow-up was 4 years (range, 2-7). Harris Hip Scores improved from a mean preoperative value of 56 (range, 23-96) to 90 (range, 51-100) at the latest follow-up. All patients demonstrated superior cement mantles with no signs of loosening. One patient suffered a B2 periprosthetic fracture and 1 patient experienced 2 episodes of instability. The 5-year Kaplan-Meier survivorship was 96.7% for all causes of revision and was 100% using aseptic loosening as the end point. The shorter Exeter revision cemented femoral stem has favorable early to midterm clinical and radiographic outcomes when used for primary THA with a low complication rate and is a viable option in patients with narrow femoral canals where uncemented stem fixation is not desired. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Serum albumin and total lymphocyte count as predictors of outcome in hip fractures.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Daly, Brendan J

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hip fractures are a significant cause of mortality and morbidity in the elderly. Malnutrition is a significant contributor to this, however no consensus exists as to the detection or management of this condition. We hypothesise that results of admission serum albumin and total lymphocyte count (TLC), as markers of Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) can help predict clinical outcome in hip fracture patients aged over 60 years. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the nutritional status of patients with hip fractures using albumin and TLC assays and analysed their prognostic relevance. Clinical outcome parameters studied were delay to operation, duration of in-patient stay, re-admission and in-patient, 3- and 12-month mortality. RESULTS: Four hundred and fifteen hip fracture patients were evaluated. Survival data were available for 377 patients at 12 months. In-hospital mortality for PEM patients was 9.8%, compared with 0% for patients without. Patients with PEM had a higher 12-month mortality compared to patients who had normal values of both laboratory parameters (Odds Ratio 4.6; 95% CI: 1.0-21.3). Serum albumin (Hazard Ratio 0.932, 95% CI: 0.9-1.0) and age (Hazard Ratio 1.04, 95% CI: 1.0-1.1) were found to be significant independent prognostic factors of mortality by Cox regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: These results highlight the relevance of assessing the nutritional status of patients with hip fractures at the time of admission and emphasises the correlation between PEM and outcome in these patients.

  19. Methods of the physical medicine therapy in prevention of heterotopic ossification after total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kojović Zoran

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/aim: In the prevention of periarticular heterotopic ossification (HO, a common complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAID and irradiation are used. Some theories presume that local hypoxia of the soft tissue causes HO. The aim of this study was to investigate if the early use of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF could prevent this ossification since it accelerates the circulation and oxigenation of soft tissue. Methods. The study included three groups of the patients with primary THA. The group C consisted of 66 patients/79 hips who had only kinesitherapy in postoperative rehabilitation. The group B consisted of 117 patients/ 131 hips who had PEMF and interferential current (IC which, on average, started on the 14th day after the surgery combined with the standard kinesitherapy. The group A consisted of 117 patients/131 hips who had PEMF from the third postoperative day and IC from, on average, the 14th postoperative day with the standard kinesitherapy. The classification of HO was done on a standard AP roentgenograms of the hips, taken at least one year after the surgery. Results. The overall HO was seen in 50.63% of the group C patients, in 43.51% of the B group and in 16.67% of the group A. Severe HO (III and IV class according to Brooker was seen in 26.58% of the group C patients and in 6.10% of the group B, but none in the group A. Conclusion. According to the obtained results an early treatment with PEMF could prevent severe HO and reduce the overall HO.

  20. Soft-tissue balance in short and straight stem total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Windhagen, Henning; Chincisan, Andra; Choi, Hon Fai; Thorey, Fritz

    2015-03-01

    The growing numbers of short stem hip implants have redefined total hip arthroplasty with new stem geometries and possible functional differences. Several systematic reviews have reported good clinical results with this new class of stems, although kinematic alterations are still unclear in many aspects. The good clinical results obtained at the authors' institution led to the current study. The authors hypothesized that the geometric alignment of the prosthetic components may be closer to the anatomy of the healthy hip joint, thus leading to better function and clinical satisfaction. An examination via finite element analysis was chosen to model the hip joint and virtually implant a short and a standard straight stem. Findings indicated that anchoring of the short stem allowed favorable positioning in the proximal femur, with the femoral head already in the center of the cup. This positioning was not possible for the straight stem, which required further reduction of the femur by a significant translation into the cup, leading to abnormal soft-tissue balancing. The results from the simulation showed an absolute average deviation of ligamentous fiber strains of 6% for the short stem in 30° of flexion and extension versus 29% and 36% for the standard straight stem in 30° of flexion and extension, respectively. A femoral neck guided orientation of the short stem implant seems to allow a more anatomical reconstruction and thus a more balanced hip in terms of the modeled soft tissues. In contrast, the straight stem alters the head position and induces nonphysiological capsular strains. Copyright 2015, SLACK Incorporated.

  1. [Optimization of capsulotomy of enhanced posterior soft tissue repair in total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qi; Zhang, Licheng; Yang, Guojing; Cai, Chunyuan; Tang, Chengxuan; Yu, Rutang; Yang, Xindong; Dong, Miuwu; Zhu, Hua

    2008-07-01

    To investigate the anatomic feature of the posterior hip joint capsule and its distributional difference of collagen fibers and to probe the optimization of the capsulotomy which can reserve the best strength part. Ten adult cadaver pelvises (6 males and 4 females, aged 28-64 years) fixed with formalin were used. Ten right hips were used for anatomical experiment of hip joint capsule. The posterior hip joint capsules were divided into 3 sectors (I-III sectors) and 9 parts (I(A-C), II(D-F), III(G-I). The average thickness of each part was measured and the ischiofemorale ligaments were observed. Five capsules selected from ten left hips were used for histological experiment. The content of collagen fibers in sector I and sector II was analyzed by Masson's staining. Two fresh frozen specimens which were voluntary contributions were contrasted with the fixed specimens. The optimal incision line of the posterior capsule was designed and used. The thickness in the posterior hip joint capsule [I(A) (2.30 +/- 0.40), I(B) (4.68 +/- 0.81), I(C) (2.83 +/- 0.69), II(D) (2.80 +/- 0.79), II(E) (4.22 +/- 1.33), II(F) (2.50 +/- 0.54), III(G) (1.57 +/- 0.40), III(H) (2.60 +/- 0.63), III(I) (1.31 +/- 0.28) mm] had no uniformity (P ligament trunk went through two thicker parts (I(B) and II(E)). The distribution of the collagen fibers in sector I and sector II(I(A) 20.34% +/- 5.14%, I(B) 48.79% +/- 12.67%, I(C) 19.87% +/- 5.21%, II(D) 17.57% +/- 3.56%, II(E) 46.76% +/- 11.47%, II(F) 28.65% +/- 15.79%) had no uniformity (P ligaments between the fresh frozen specimens and the fixed specimens. The optimal incision line C-A-B-D-E of the posterior capsule was designed and put into clinical application. The remaining capsular flap comprise the most of the ischiofemorale ligament trunk and the part of gluteus minimus. Although enhanced posterior soft tissue repair in total hip arthroplasty was investigated deeply and obtained great development, but the postoperative dislocation rate was not

  2. Cost of Radiotherapy Versus NSAID Administration for Prevention of Heterotopic Ossification After Total Hip Arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strauss, Jonathan B.; Chen, Sea S.; Shah, Anand P.; Coon, Alan B.; Dickler, Adam

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: Heterotopic ossification (HO), or abnormal bone formation, is a common sequela of total hip arthroplasty. This abnormal bone can impair joint function and must be surgically removed to restore mobility. HO can be prevented by postoperative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use or radiotherapy (RT). NSAIDs are associated with multiple toxicities, including gastrointestinal bleeding. Although RT has been shown to be more efficacious than NSAIDs at preventing HO, its cost-effectiveness has been questioned. Methods and Materials: We performed an analysis of the cost of postoperative RT to the hip compared with NSAID administration, taking into account the costs of surgery for HO formation, treatment-induced morbidity, and productivity loss from missed work. The costs of RT, surgical revision, and treatment of gastrointestinal bleeding were estimated using the 2007 Medicare Fee Schedule and inpatient diagnosis-related group codes. The cost of lost wages was estimated using the 2006 median salary data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Results: The cost of administering RT was estimated at $899 vs. $20 for NSAID use. After accounting for the additional costs associated with revision total hip arthroplasty and gastrointestinal bleeding, the corresponding estimated costs were $1,208 vs. $930. Conclusion: If the costs associated with treatment failure and treatment-induced morbidity are considered, the cost of NSAIDs approaches that of RT. Other NSAID morbidities and quality-of-life differences that are difficult to quantify add to the cost of NSAIDs. These considerations have led us to recommend RT as the preferred modality for use in prophylaxis against HO after total hip arthroplasty, even when the cost is considered

  3. Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty in Femoral Head Avascular Necrosis: Functional Outcomes and Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afshin Taheriazam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Total hip arthroplasty (THA is one of the successful and cost-benefit surgical treatments. One-stage bilateral THA (BTHA offers many benefits. However, there are concerns about the safety of the procedure and higher complications. We aimed to evaluate the complications and outcomes of one-stage BTHA with Hardinge approach for femoral head avascular necrosis patients. A total of 60 patients from April 2009 and May 2013, were underwent one-stage bilateral total hip arthroplasty (BTHA in Milad and Erfan hospitals, Tehran, Iran. A prospective analysis of the functional outcomes and complications of one-stage BTHA through Hardinge approach in patients with femoral head avascular necrosis (AVN performed. We evaluated all patients clinically and radiologically with serial follow-ups. A clinical hip score based upon the modified Harris Hip Score (MHHS was performed preoperatively and again postoperatively. During period of study 44 men (73.3% and 16 women (26.6% with a mean age of 31.40±4.08 years (range 25 to 36 years at the time of presentation were entered. The mean surgical time was 2.6±0.38 hrs. The mean hospital stay was 3 .50±0.72 days. Hemoglobin level decreased significa ntly after operation (P= 0.046. There was no reported patient with perioperative death, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection, dislocation, periprosthetic fracture or heterotrophic ossification. The mean preoperative MHHS score was 47.93±7.33 in patients. MHHS score i mproved to 95.06±3.47 in the last follow-up (P=0.0001.Our results recommend the use of one-stage BTHA through Hardinge approach in femoral head avascular necrosis patients.

  4. EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF REGENERATIVE FEATURES IN BONE TISSUES AROUND IMPLANTS AFTER ONE-STAGE BILATERAL TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Mashkov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to research the specific features of regenerative processes of bone tissue around implants after one-stage bilateral total hip replacement in experiment. Material and methods: 27 total hip replacement operations have been performed in 18 rabbits of breed "chinchilla" to which bipolar femoral endoprosthesis made of titanic alloy PT-38, one type-size, with friction pair metal-on-metal and neck-shaft angle 165 degrees have been implanted: total unilateral hip replacement operations have been performed in 9 animals (control group, one-stage bilateral total hip replacement operations have been performed in 9 animals (experimental group. During research they have been on radiological and clinical checking-up. After the experiment the animals had histological tests of the tissues around endoprosthesis components. Results and conclusions: After one-stage bilateral total hip replacement in early terms of research more expressed changes of bone tissue in the form of its thinning and decompaction were found around implants. One-stage bilateral total hip replacement did not essentially influence on the speed of osteogenesis around endoprothesis components in comparison with unilateral total hip replacement, so in late terms of observation in both groups the fixing of endoprothesis components did not differ.

  5. Total hip replacement with a superolateral bone graft for osteoarthritis secondary to dysplasia: a long-term follow-up

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, P. T.; Haverkamp, D.; van der Vis, H. M.; Marti, R. K.

    2006-01-01

    We evaluated the long-term results of 116 total hip replacements with a superolateral shelfplasty in 102 patients with osteoarthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia of the hip. After a mean follow-up of 19.5 years (11.5 to 26.0), 14 acetabular components (12%) had been revised. The cumulative

  6. No clinical value of post-operative routine X-ray following uncomplicated cementless primary total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mikkel; Folkmar, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    There is no consensus among hip surgeons in Denmark on how to follow up patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Agreement on the need for radiographic examinations is also lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if routine outpatient post-operative radiographs, obtained three and 12...

  7. Fatal cobalt toxicity after total hip arthroplasty revision for fractured ceramic components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Kimberly A; Phillips, Todd M; Yanta, Joseph H; Abesamis, Michael G

    2016-11-01

    Post-arthroplasty metallosis, which refers to metallic corrosion and deposition of metallic debris in the periprosthetic soft tissues of the body, is an uncommon complication. Systemic cobalt toxicity post-arthroplasty is extremely rare. The few known fatal cases of cobalt toxicity appear to be a result of replacing shattered ceramic heads with metal-on-metal or metal-on-polyethylene implants. Friction between residual shards of ceramic and cobalt-chromium implants allows release of cobalt into the synovial fluid and bloodstream, resulting in elevated whole blood cobalt levels and potential toxicity. This is a single patient chart review of a 60-year-old woman with prior ceramic-on-ceramic right total hip arthroplasty complicated by fractured ceramic components and metallosis of the joint. She underwent synovectomy and revision to a metal-on-polyethylene articulation. Ten months post-revision, she presented to the emergency department (ED) with right hip pain, dyspnea, worsening hearing loss, metallic dysgeusia, and weight loss. Chest CTA revealed bilateral pulmonary emboli (PE), and echocardiogram revealed new cardiomyopathy with global left ventricular hypokinesis with an ejection fraction (EF) of 35-40% inconsistent with heart strain from PE. Whole blood cobalt level obtained two days into her admission was 424.3 mcg/L and 24-h urine cobalt level was 4830.5 mcg/L. Although the patient initially clinically improved with regard to her PE and was discharged to home on hospital day 5, she returned 10 days later with a right hip dislocation and underwent closed reduction of the hip. The patient subsequently decompensated, developing cardiogenic shock, and respiratory failure. She went into pulseless electrical activity (PEA) and expired. Autopsy revealed an extensive metallic effusion surrounding the right hip prosthesis that tested positive for cobalt (41,000 mcg/L). There was also cobalt in the heart muscle tissue (2.5 mcg/g). A whole blood cobalt level

  8. Comparison of Venous Thromboembolism after Total Hip Arthroplasty between Ankylosing Spondylitis and Osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongquan Shi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Ankylosing spondylitis (AS, an inflammatory rheumatic disease, will gradually lead to severe hip joint dysfunction. Total hip arthroplasty is a useful method to improve patients’ quality of life. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence and risk factors of deep vein thrombosis (DVT between AS and hip osteoarthritis. Methods. In a retrospective study, a total of 149 subjects who underwent cementless THA were studied. Clinical data, biochemical data, and surgery-related data were measured between AS and OA groups. Results. The incidence of DVT in AS group was lower than that of OA group, although no significant difference was detected (P=0.89. The patients of AS group were much younger (P<0.0001 and thinner (P=0.018 compared with those of OA group. AS patients had higher ejection fraction (EF (P=0.016, higher platelet counts (P<0.0001, and lower hypertension rate (P=0.0004. The values of APTT, PT, and INR in AS patients were higher than those in OA patients (all P<0.0001. The values of D-dimer and APTT were both significantly higher in DVT subjects than those in non-DVT subjects. Conclusion. AS patients potentially had a lower incidence of DVT compared with OA patients.

  9. [Follow up of total hip prothesis: storage phosphor versus screen-film radiography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polet, K; de La Selle, H; Leroux, J; Ludig, T; Girard, F; Coudane, H; Blum, A

    2003-03-01

    Digital radiography may lead to interpretation difficulties in patients with hip prosthesis, especially when initial evaluation was performed using screen film radiography. The purpose of this study was to evaluate inter-observer and inter-technique reproducibility comparing digital and screen-film radiography. Twenty-eight patients with unilateral (n=24) or bilateral (n=4) hip prosthesis (total=32 prostheses) underwent screen-film and digital (storage phosphor) radiography. The bone-cement and metal-cement interfaces were evaluated for the presence of a lucent line in 14 different sectors reclassified into 3 regions. This evaluation was performed by two independent readers. Inter-observer and inter-technique reproducibility were calculated using kappa values. The inter-observer reproducibility was negligible, poor or average with Kappa values ranging from 0.07 to 0.47. The degree of agreement between the two methods was poor, average or good for both observers with Kappa values ranging from 0.10 to 0.66. Although inter-technique agreement is not high, it is better than inter-observer agreement. Therefore, storage phosphor technique should not be rejected for total hip prosthesis follow-up, even though previous films were screen-film radiographs.

  10. Total hip arthroplasty after failed osteosynthesis of proximal femoral fractures: Revision and mortality of 80 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Franz; Galler, Michael; Zellner, Michael; Bäuml, Christian; Füchtmeier, Bernd

    2017-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) after failed osteosynthesis for proximal femoral fractures is associated with higher revision rates, particularly for dislocation. The purpose of this study was to report our results with THA after failed osteosynthesis within a treatment period of 10 years. A retrospective cohort study including 80 consecutive patients was conducted. After a minimum follow-up of 1 year, we evaluated revision for any cause including dislocation, outcome, and mortality. We performed 48 THAs with standard components only and 32 THAs with revision implants. Routinely, a 36-mm femoral head was used, and trochanteric fixation was performed in one-third of the cases. Total revision rate for any cause was 21%, which included six infections, six periprosthetic fractures, and five hematomas. One hip dislocation was also treated. Treatment with uncemented revision stem revealed significantly higher number of revisions-compared to standard cemented or uncemented stem. The mortality rate after 1 year was 9%, and the mean Parker score at follow-up was 6.6 (range: 0-9). THA was associated with an increased surgical revision rate, but hip dislocation was documented only once. In most cases, a standard implant with a large 36-mm femoral head size was sufficient. Uncemented revision stem revealed significantly higher number of revisions-compared to standard cemented or uncemented stem. One-year mortality was lower than expected.

  11. Late Nontraumatic Dissociation of the Femoral Head and Trunnion in a Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon J. M. Parker

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Modular total hip arthroplasties are increasingly popular because customisation allows optimal restoration of patient biomechanics. However, the introduction of component interfaces provides greater opportunities for failure. We present a case of late nontraumatic dissociation of the head-neck interface, more than 10 years after insertion. Case Description. A 58-year-old woman had a left metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty in 2002 for hip dysplasia. Following an uneventful 10-year period, she presented to hospital in severe pain after standing from a seated position, and radiographs demonstrated complete dissociation of the modular femoral head from the stem, with the femoral head remaining in its cup. There was no prior trauma or infection. Mild wear and metallosis were present on the articulating surface between the femoral head and trunnion. Soft tissues were unaffected. Discussion and Conclusions. This is the latest occurrence reported to date for nontraumatic component failure in such an implant by more than 7 years. The majority of cases occur in the context of dislocation and attempted closed reduction. We analyse and discuss possible mechanisms for failure, aiming to raise awareness of this potential complication and encouraging utmost care in component handling and insertion, as well as the long term follow-up of such patients.

  12. Total Hip Arthroplasty Loosening Due to Mycobacterium Tuberculosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anis Tebourbi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Context: Prosthetic joint infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis with no previous history of pulmonary or extra pulmonary tuberculosis is an extremely rare complication. Aims To report the case of a patient with tuberculous mycobacterial prosthetic hip infection, 14 years after surgery for post traumatic osteoarthritis, with no previous history of tuberculosis. Methods A 46-year-old male presented an acetabular loosening of a cemented total hip arthroplasty with subnormal biologic parameters. A one stage revision surgery was planned. Intraoperative findings suggested mycobacterial tuberculous infection with presence of periacetabular yellowish rice-shaped granules. Results A one-stage prosthesis exchange was performed; Culture on Löwenstein-Jensen medium grew MTB days after inoculation and histological examination confirmed tuberculous infection. Patient was treated by antituberculous agents for 12 months with optimal clinical and biological response and no prosthetic loosening signs at eighteen months follow up. Conclusions Total hip arthroplasty loosening due to mycobacterium tuberculosis is a rare entity, which should be evoked even when no inflammatory signs are shown. Discovery of yellowish rice-shaped granules is an indicator to investigate for tuberculosis. Management of prosthetic joint infection due to M.tuberculosis must involve both medical and surgical approach.

  13. Can Patients Practice Strenuous Sports After Uncemented Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnin, Michel P.; Rollier, Jean-Charles; Chatelet, Jean-Christophe; Ait-Si-Selmi, Tarik; Chouteau, Julien; Jacquot, Laurent; Hannink, Gerjon; Saffarini, Mo; Fessy, Michel-Henri

    2018-01-01

    Background: Patients are often concerned about returning to sports after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Purpose: To (1) evaluate sports participation and motivation rates in a large cohort of patients who underwent uncemented THA with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings and (2) determine whether patients’ participation was associated with their motivation for each sport, preoperative demographics, or patient-reported outcomes. Study Design: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. Methods: We surveyed 1310 patients (aged sports as well as patient-reported outcome measure scores. A total of 1042 patients (1206 hips) returned questionnaires; the mean age at index surgery was 60.6 ± 8.8 years. Results: At least 51% of patients participated regularly or frequently in at least 1 light sport, 73% in at least 1 moderate sport, and 20% in at least 1 strenuous sport. Sports participation was strongly correlated with motivation (r = 0.97, P sports was significantly associated with age, body mass index, and sex. There were significant differences among patients who practiced various categories of sports as determined using the Oxford Hip Score (P = .008), but not with regard to the Forgotten Joint Score (P = .054). Conclusion: Only 20% of patients practiced strenuous sports regularly or frequently after THA, regardless of pain or discomfort. Participation in sports after THA is strongly correlated with motivation but not with level of discomfort. Longer term studies with a greater focus on complications and survival are necessary to determine whether high-impact sports compromise patient safety or implant longevity.

  14. Stress shielding effects of two prosthetic groups after total hip joint simulation replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piao, Chengdong; Wu, Dankai; Luo, Min; Ma, Hongshun

    2014-08-30

    The study aims to compare the stress shielding effects of implantable anatomical and traditional prostheses after in vitro total hip joint replacement simulation. The study serves as a biomechanical basis for novel artificial prostheses and for clinical hip joint replacements. Sixteen femoral specimens from adult male corpses were randomly divided into two groups: the traditional prosthesis group implanted into femur specimens using simulated total hip joint replacement (n = 8) and the femoral neck-preserved anatomical prosthesis implantation group that used a collum femoris preserving stem/trabeculae oriented pattern (CFP/TOP) acetabular cup (n = 8). The strain values in the two groups before and after prosthesis implantation were measured at different test points using electric resistance strain gauges. The stress shielding rate was calculated according to the related formula. The results showed that the rates of proximal femoral stress shielding were significantly higher at test points 1-10 in the traditional femoral prosthesis transplantation group than in the anatomical prosthesis group (p prosthesis implants.

  15. Hydroxyapatite coating does not improve uncemented stem survival after total hip arthroplasty!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hailer, N. P.; Lazarinis, S.; MaKela, K. T.

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose - It is still being debated whether HA coating of uncemented stems used in total hip arthroplasty (THA) improves implant survival. We therefore investigated different uncemented stem brands, with and without HA coating, regarding early and long-term survival. Patients and m...... this surface treatment had no clinically relevant effect on their outcome, and we thus question whether HA coating adds any value to well-functioning stem designs.......Background and purpose - It is still being debated whether HA coating of uncemented stems used in total hip arthroplasty (THA) improves implant survival. We therefore investigated different uncemented stem brands, with and without HA coating, regarding early and long-term survival. Patients...... to diagnoses other than osteoarthritis or pediatric hip disease, and procedures with missing information on the type of coating. 22 stem brands remained (which were used in 116,069 procedures) for analysis of revision of any component. 79,192 procedures from Denmark, Norway, and Sweden were analyzed...

  16. Acetabular distraction: an alternative approach to pelvic discontinuity in failed total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, N M; Hellman, M; Haughom, B H; Shah, R P; Sporer, S M; Paprosky, W G

    2014-11-01

    A pelvic discontinuity occurs when the superior and inferior parts of the hemi-pelvis are no longer connected, which is difficult to manage when associated with a failed total hip replacement. Chronic pelvic discontinuity is found in 0.9% to 2.1% of hip revision cases with risk factors including severe pelvic bone loss, female gender, prior pelvic radiation and rheumatoid arthritis. Common treatment options include: pelvic plating with allograft, cage reconstruction, custom triflange implants, and porous tantalum implants with modular augments. The optimal technique is dependent upon the degree of the discontinuity, the amount of available bone stock and the likelihood of achieving stable healing between the two segments. A method of treating pelvic discontinuity using porous tantalum components with a distraction technique that achieves both initial stability and subsequent long-term biological fixation is described. ©2014 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery.

  17. Trochanteric bursitis after total hip arthroplasty: incidence and evaluation of response to treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farmer, Kevin W; Jones, Lynne C; Brownson, Kirstyn E; Khanuja, Harpal S; Hungerford, Marc W

    2010-02-01

    We examined the efficacy of corticosteroid injection as treatment for postarthroplasty trochanteric bursitis and the risk factors for failure of nonoperative treatment. There were 32 (4.6%) cases of postsurgical trochanteric bursitis in 689 primary total hip arthroplasties. Of the 25 hips with follow-up, 11 (45%) required multiple injections. Symptoms resolved in 20 (80%) but persisted in 5. We found no statistically significant differences between patients who did and did not develop trochanteric bursitis, or between those who did and did not respond to treatment. There was a trend toward younger age and greater limb-length discrepancy in nonresponders. In conclusion, (1) corticosteroid injection(s) for postoperative trochanteric bursitis is effective; and (2) nonoperative management may be more likely to fail in young patients and those with leg-length discrepancy. 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Dislocation of primary total hip arthroplasty and the risk of redislocation.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Brennan, Stephen A

    2012-09-01

    6554 primary total hip arthroplasties were reviewed. Risk factors for dislocation were analysed to assess which were important in terms of predicting recurrent instability. The patients risk of having a second dislocation was independently associated with the surgical approach adopted (p = 0.03) and the time to first dislocation from the primary hip replacement (p = 0.002). Early dislocators whose surgery was performed through an anterolateral approach had less recurrence than late dislocators through a posterior or transtrochanteric approach. None of the other risk factors including head size (p = 0.59), modularity (p = 0.54), mechanism of dislocation (p = 0.23), leg length discrepancy (p = 0.69) and acetabular inclination (p = 0.31) were influential. The use of an abduction brace was not useful in preventing a further dislocation with 69.2% of those braced re-dislocating compared to 68.5% who were not braced (p = 0.96).

  19. One-component revision in total hip arthroplasty: the fate of the retained component.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stathopoulos, Ioannis P; Lampropoulou-Adamidou, Kalliopi I; Vlamis, John A; Georgiades, George P; Hartofilakidis, George C

    2014-10-01

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of the unrevised part in one-component total hip arthroplasty revision (index operation). Forty-four patients (46 hips) with a mean age of 58years at the time of the index operation were included. At the final follow-up, 4 of the 19 (21%) unrevised acetabular components and 6 of the 27 (22%) unrevised femoral components were subsequently revised at a mean time of 14 and 11years from the index operation, and 22 and 24years from the primary operation, respectively. We concluded that revision of a stable component is not justifiable on the basis of its long duration in use or non-ideal position or possible loosening on radiographs. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Does reduced movement restrictions and use of assistive devices affect rehabilitation outcome after total hip replacement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Petersen, Annemette Krintel; Søballe, Kjeld

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Improvements in surgical techniques and increase of femoral head size might have changed the rationale for movement restrictions after total hip replacement (THR). AIM: To evaluate the influence of movement restrictions and assistive devices on rehabilitation after fast track THR. DES...... IMPACT: It is possible to reduce movement restrictions and use of assistive devices considerably. More research on safety issues is needed to elucidate the effect of unrestricted rehabilitation on hip dislocation....... completed before THR, 3 and 6 weeks after. RESULTS: The HOOS function score at the 3 measurement times was (mean ± SD); unrestricted group: 46 ± 17 - 76 ± 9 - 83 ± 14 compared to restricted group: 43 ± 16 - 81 ± 14 - 83 ± 13. Changes over time was significantly higher in the restricted group (P=0...

  1. Longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging of pseudotumors following metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasegawa, Masahiro; Miyamoto, Noriki; Miyazaki, Shinichi; Wakabayashi, Hiroki; Sudo, Akihiro

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the natural history of pseudotumors following metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Initial MRI was conducted at a mean of 36months postoperatively. Follow-up MRI was performed at a mean of 20months after the detection of 24 asymptomatic pseudotumors. Pseudotumor size was determined on MRI. The mean pseudotumor size changed from 729mm(2) to 877mm(2). Pseudotumors increased in size in eight and decreased in six. Ten hips showed no changes. The bigger the pseudotumor size, the more likely the size would increase. In conclusion, pseudotumors frequently change in size. A single MRI study in the clinical decision-making process should be avoided and a longitudinal study should be performed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Assessments of total hip replacements before and after revision surgery with use of computed tomography with metal artifact reduction techniques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robertson, D.D.; Fishman, E.K.; Kalender, W.A.; Magid, D.; Weiss, P.J.

    1986-01-01

    Radiographic assessment of revision total hip replacements suffers from the inability to provide adequate information regarding bone stock loss. Even CT, with its transaxial orientation, is limited because of metal artifacts. Three metal artifact reduction techniques are available for CT: material-dependent imaging, planar reformation of image data, and missing projection data replacement. These techniques were used to evaluate preoperatively seven patients with revision total hip replacements, and postoperatively eight patients with primary total hip replacements. Despite significant artifacts on the routine transaxial images, the metal artifact-reduced images were of sufficient quality to provide pertinent clinical information in all cases

  3. Preoperative progressive explosive-type resistance training is feasible and effective in patients with hip osteoarthritis scheduled for total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, A; Holsgaard-Larsen, A; Zerahn, B

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of progressive explosive-type resistance training (RT) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip scheduled for total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHOD: Randomized controlled trial (1:1) in patients diagnosed with hip OA and scheduled for THA.......0001) compared to CG. CONCLUSION: Progressive explosive-type RT was feasible in the included group of hip OA patients scheduled for THA and resulted in significant improvement in self-reported outcomes and increased leg muscle power....... as adherence, exercise related pain and adverse effects. Post-surgical follow up will be reported separately. ClinicalTrials.gov registration: NCT01164111. RESULTS: Eighty patients (age 70.4 ± 7.6 years, BMI 27.8 ± 4.6, 52 females (65%) were included. Adherence was high (93%) with acceptable exercise related...

  4. Loosening of the femoral component of total hip replacement after plugging the femoral canal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, W H; McCarthy, J C; O'Neill, D A

    1982-01-01

    A roentgen follow-up study was done of 171 total hip replacements at an average of 3.3 years (range 2 to 5 years) after insertion to assess the loosening rate in older adult patients (average age 60 years) in whom the medullary canal was plugged. The cement (Simplex P) was introduced using a cement gun. The femoral components used were CAD and HD-2 in design, made of chrome cobalt alloy. Evaluation was made according to three categories of loosening: definite (requiring evidence of migration of the component or the cement), probable (requiring a continuous radiolucent zone around the cement mantle in one or more radiographic views), or possible (requiring a radiolucent zone that occupied 50% or more of the cement-bone interface in one or more views but was not continuous). One hip was revised for a loose femoral component. Another patient has asymptomatic subsidence of the femoral component. Thus the total incidence of definitely loose femoral components was 1.1%. No hip was classified as probably loose. Seven hips (4%) were rated as possibly loose. Compared to four other reported series of similar groups of patients followed for like duration, this incidence of definitely loose components is statistically significantly less than in nonplugged canals. The other differences among the series compared, such as stem design, type of cement introduction, modulus of elasticity of the metal used, presence or absence of a collar, and dates during which the surgery was done, are also discussed. Plugging the femoral canal; introducing the cement with a cement gun; using a femoral stem that largely fills the medullary canal, has a collar, and has a rounded rectangular cross section with no medial stress risers made of a superalloy with a modulus of elasticity of about 200 GPa--all these factors were associated with a low (1.1%) incidence of femoral component loosening at 3 years.

  5. The type of surgical approach influences the risk of revision in total hip arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background and purpose The most common surgical approaches in total hip arthroplasty in Sweden are the posterior and the anterolateral transgluteal approach. Currently, however, there is insufficient evidence to prefer one over the other regarding risk of subsequent surgery. Patients and methods We searched the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register between the years 1992 and 2009 to compare the posterior and anterolateral transgluteal approach regarding risk of revision in the 3 most common all-cemented hip prosthesis designs in Sweden. 90,662 total hip replacements met the inclusion criteria. We used Cox regression analysis for estimation of prosthesis survival and relative risk of revision due to dislocation, infection, or aseptic loosening. Results Our results show that for the Lubinus SPII prosthesis and the Spectron EF Primary prosthesis, the anterolateral transgluteal approach gave an increased risk of revision due to aseptic loosening (relative risk (RR) = 1.3, 95% CI: 1.0–1.6 and RR = 1.6, CI: 1.0–2.5) but a reduced risk of revision due to dislocation (RR = 0.7, CI: 0.5–0.8 and RR = 0.3, CI: 0.1–0.4). For the Exeter Polished prosthesis, the surgical approach did not affect the outcome for dislocation or aseptic loosening. The surgical approach had no influence on the risk of revision due to infection in any of these designs. Interpretation This observational study shows that the surgical approach affected the risk of revision due to aseptic loosening and dislocation for 2 of the most commonly used cemented implants in Sweden. Further studies are needed to determine whether these results are generalizable to other implants and to uncemented fixation. PMID:23116440

  6. Monocular Vision- and IMU-Based System for Prosthesis Pose Estimation During Total Hip Replacement Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Shaojie; Zhou, Yixin; Wang, Zhihua; Chen, Hong

    2017-06-01

    The average age of population increases worldwide, so does the number of total hip replacement surgeries. Total hip replacement, however, often involves a risk of dislocation and prosthetic impingement. To minimize the risk after surgery, we propose an instrumented hip prosthesis that estimates the relative pose between prostheses intraoperatively and ensures the placement of prostheses within a safe zone. We create a model of the hip prosthesis as a ball and socket joint, which has four degrees of freedom (DOFs), including 3-DOF rotation and 1-DOF translation. We mount a camera and an inertial measurement unit (IMU) inside the hollow ball, or "femoral head prosthesis," while printing customized patterns on the internal surface of the socket, or "acetabular cup." Since the sensors were rigidly fixed to the femoral head prosthesis, measuring its motions poses a sensor ego-motion estimation problem. By matching feature points in images of the reference patterns, we propose a monocular vision based method with a relative error of less than 7% in the 3-DOF rotation and 8% in the 1-DOF translation. Further, to reduce system power consumption, we apply the IMU with its data fused by an extended Kalman filter to replace the camera in the 3-DOF rotation estimation, which yields a less than 4.8% relative error and a 21.6% decrease in power consumption. Experimental results show that the best approach to prosthesis pose estimation is a combination of monocular vision-based translation estimation and IMU-based rotation estimation, and we have verified the feasibility and validity of this system in prosthesis pose estimation.

  7. Incidence of perioperative complications in total hip and knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Tankamani; Hönle, Wolfgang; Handschu, René; Adler, Werner; Goyal, Tarun; Schuh, Alexander

    2018-02-15

    The aim of this study is to evaluate the difference in perioperative complication rate in total hip, bipolar hemiarthroplasties and total knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease in trauma and elective surgery in our Musculoskeletal Center during a period of 10 years. Between 2006 and 2016, 45 bipolar hemiarthroplasties in trauma surgery, 15 total knee and 19 total hip arthroplasties in patients with Parkinson's disease were performed. We divided the patients in two groups. Group I included trauma cases (45) and group II elective surgery cases (34). Complications were documented and divided into local minor and major complications and general minor and major complications. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical evaluation. In both groups, there was one local major complication (p > 0.05): In group I, there was one case of loosening of a K-wire which was removed operatively. In group II, there was one severe intraarticular bleeding requiring puncture of the hematoma. In group I, there were 38 general complications; in group II, there were 17 general complications. There was no statistical difference in complication rate (p > 0.05). Total hip arthroplasty, bipolar hemiarthroplasties and knee arthroplasty in patients with Parkinson disease is possible in elective and trauma surgery. Complication rate is higher in comparison with patients not suffering from Parkinson disease, but there is no difference in complication rate in elective and trauma surgery. Nevertheless, early perioperative neurological consultation in patients with Parkinson disease is recommended to minimize complications and improve early outcomes after arthroplasty.

  8. Minimum Five-Year Outcomes with Porous Tantalum Acetabular Cup and Augment Construct in Complex Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Derek R; Odland, Andrew N; Sierra, Rafael J; Hanssen, Arlen D; Lewallen, David G

    2017-05-17

    The use of a trabecular metal revision shell with metal augmentation to fill segmental or irregular defects during complex revision hip arthroplasty has been shown to provide good short-term results in prior published series. Longer-term results of the several cup-augment constructs used clinically are not known. The objective of this study was to report, with minimum 5-year radiographic and clinical follow-up, the outcome of these various constructs in revision total hip arthroplasty. Eighty-four patients (85 hips) underwent revision total hip arthroplasty with use of porous tantalum augments between 2000 and 2007 at a single institution and were retrospectively reviewed. Fifty-seven of the patients (58 hips) had clinical and radiographic follow-up at a minimum of 5 years. At the time of revision, the majority of the hips had acetabular defects classified as Paprosky Type 3A (28 of 58, 48%) or Type 3B (22 of 58, 38%). Eleven (19%) of the hips also had preoperative pelvic discontinuity. All hips were assessed clinically at a minimum of 5 years with use of the Mayo hip score. Postoperative radiographs were reviewed for implant stability, the presence and location of radiolucent lines and healing of the discontinuity if present. In 2 (3%) of the 58 hips, the constructs failed because of aseptic loosening of the acetabular component and re-revision was indicated. Six (10%) of the 58 hips demonstrated a radiolucent line between the trabecular metal shell and bone in DeLee and Charnley zone 3. In 1 hip that underwent re-revision and in 5 of the 6 hips with a zone-3 radiolucency, a pelvic discontinuity was present at the time of the index revision. The mean preoperative Mayo hip score was 35.7, which improved to 61.9 at 3 months and was 61.7 at the minimum 5-year follow-up. With failure defined as aseptic loosening requiring repeat revision surgery, this cohort demonstrated 97% survivorship and maintained satisfactory hip function at the minimum 5 years after the index

  9. A prospective study about the preoperative total blood loss in older people with hip fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu JZ

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Jie-Zhou Wu,1,2,* Peng-Cheng Liu,1,* Wei Ge,1,2 Ming Cai1 1Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 2The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: Our study is to confirm that hemoglobin (Hb level is significantly reduced before operation in elderly patients with hip fracture and to specify potential amounts of bleeding and Hb decline in different types of fractures.  Methods: A prospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 349 patients with both a diagnosis of hip fracture and an operative delay of greater than 72 hours between April 2014 and February 2016. Hb concentration was measured on a daily basis before the surgery. Patients were grouped according to the type of fracture (intracapsular and extracapsular for calculation of the total blood loss (TBL. All data analyses were done by SPSS version 21 software.  Results: There was a significant decrease preoperatively in the Hb concentration of nearly 21.55 g/L (standard error of the mean [SEM] 7.67 in patients with extracapsular hip fractures and nearly 15.63 g/L (SEM 6.01 in patients with intracapsular hip fractures. The preoperative TBL in patients with extracapsular fracture was significantly larger compared to that in patients with intracapsular fracture (790.3 mL and 581.7 mL, respectively, P<0.05 using Student’s t-test. We found no significant difference in the preoperative TBL between the male and female groups.  Conclusion: Hip fracture patients have an obvious blood loss after the injury, yet prior to the surgery the Hb levels were found to be normal. Anesthetic and orthopedic staff should pay additional attention to the problem of low preoperative Hb concentration, even if the initial Hb level was apparently normal. Keywords: hip fracture, blood loss, anemia, preoperation, hemoglobin

  10. Scaling Marker Position Determines the Accuracy of Digital Templating for Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramme, Austin J; Fisher, Nina D; Egol, Jonathan; Chang, Gregory; Vigdorchik, Jonathan M

    2018-02-01

    Digital templating systems foster patient-specific measurements for preoperative planning. We aim (1) to verify the accuracy of a templating system, (2) to describe the effects of scaling marker position on the accuracy of digital templating of the hip, and (3) to provide a practical guide for scaling marker position using patient body mass index (BMI). A scaling sphere was placed in five positions along the anterior-posterior axis of an acetabular implant and pelvis phantom, and x-rays were obtained. Each radiograph was templated for the acetabular component and recorded. A retrospective review identified CT scans of preoperative hip arthroplasty cases. The center of the greater trochanter was calculated from these CT scans as the percent distance from the anterior thigh and recorded with the patient's BMI. By centering the scaling sphere on the acetabular component, an accurate cup size was achieved. A difference of 3.5 cm in sphere placement resulted in a full cup size magnification error. Positioning the scaling sphere at the level of the pubic symphysis resulted in a difference of four cup sizes. This patient population had an average BMI of 28.72 kg/m 2 (standard deviation 6.26 kg/m 2 ) and an average position of the center of the greater trochanter of 51% (standard deviation of 6%) from the anterior surface of thigh. Digital templating relies on scaling marker position to accurately estimate implant size. Based on the findings in this study, scaling markers for hip imaging should be placed laterally, mid-thigh in the anterior-posterior direction for patients with a BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m 2 . If abnormal hip anatomy or extremes of BMI are discovered, then scaling sphere positioning should be optimized on a case-by-case basis. Digital templating systems for total hip arthroplasty must use precisely placed scaling markers at the level of the hip joint to allow for accurate implant size estimation.

  11. Subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy combined with cementless total hip replacement for Crowe type IV developmental dysplasia: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rollo, Giuseppe; Solarino, Giuseppe; Vicenti, Giovanni; Picca, Girolamo; Carrozzo, Massimiliano; Moretti, Biagio

    2017-12-01

    Total hip replacement for high dislocation of the hip presents some difficulties, considering patients' young ages, the abnormal hip anatomy and the high rate of complications. In this study, we present our experience in terms of clinical and radiological results in the treatment of Crowe type IV hips with subtrochanteric femoral shortening osteotomy and cementless total hip replacement. We retrospectively reviewed 15 patients with Crowe type IV hip dysplasia (two bilateral cases for a total of 17 hips) treated with cementless total hip replacement associated with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomies (nine transversal and eight Z-shape osteotomies) between March 2000 to February 2006. The mean follow-up was 88 months (range 63-133). Harris hip score, leg length discrepancy, neurological status, union status of the osteotomy and the component stability were the criteria of the evaluation. All complications were noted. The mean HHS improved from 38.3 (range 32-52) to 85.6 (range 69-90). The mean preoperative leg length discrepancy was of 45 mm (range 38-70) and reduced to a mean of 12 mm (range 9-1.6) postoperatively. All osteotomies resulted healed at an average of 12.3 weeks (range 10-15). No cases of delayed union or nonunion were detected. Two patients (11%) showed early symptoms of sciatic nerve palsy which resolved uneventfully in 6 months. There was no migrations and none of the implants required revision. Cementless THA with shortening subtrochanteric osteotomy is an effective method in the treatment of patients with Crowe type IV development dysplasia of the hip. IV.

  12. Acetabular reconstruction with impaction bone grafting and cemented polyethylene socket in total hip revision arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kostensalo, I; Seppänen, M; Virolainen, P; Mokka, J; Koivisto, M; Mäkelä, K T

    2015-12-01

    Bone deficiency in revision total hip arthroplasty is a challenge to the surgeon. One option for restoration of the bone stock is impaction bone grafting and use of a cemented socket. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mid-term clinical outcome of impaction bone grafting and cemented socket revisions. A total of 59 patients (60 hips) underwent revision arthroplasty with impaction bone grafting and application of a cemented socket on the acetabular side in the Turku University Hospital from 1999 to 2004. The study end-point was re-revision for any reason. The cumulative percentages for survival were followed and estimated with Kaplan-Meier curves. Associations between occurrence of re-revision and potential risk factors were analyzed with logistic regression. Results were quantified by odd ratios and 95% confidence intervals. The mean age of the patients was 69 years (33% male). A total of 3% of the patients had a class I Paprosky acetabular defect, 38% had class II, and 55% had class III. The overall survival rate was 73%. The mean follow-up time was 7 years. The most common reason for re-revision was aseptic loosening of the acetabular component (13 patients, 81% of re-revisions). Cox's regression analysis did not identify any risk factors for re-revision. Our results were inferior compared to some previous studies. Impaction bone grafting of acetabular defects in revision total hip arthroplasty may not always provide a reliable bone stock in long-term. © The Finnish Surgical Society 2015.

  13. Painful prosthesis: approaching the patient with persistent pain following total hip and knee arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piscitelli, Prisco; Iolascon, Giovanni; Innocenti, Massimo; Civinini, Roberto; Rubinacci, Alessandro; Muratore, Maurizio; D’Arienzo, Michele; Leali, Paolo Tranquilli; Carossino, Anna Maria; Brandi, Maria Luisa

    2013-01-01

    Summary Background Symptomatic severe osteoarthritis and hip osteoporotic fractures are the main conditions requiring total hip arthroplasty (THA), whereas total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is mainly performed for pain, disability or deformity due to osteoarthritis. After surgery, some patients suffer from “painful prosthesis”, which currently represents a clinical problem. Methods A systematic review of scientific literature has been performed. A panel of experts has examined the issue of persistent pain following total hip or knee arthroplasty, in order to characterize etiopathological mechanisms and define how to cope with this condition. Results Four major categories (non infective, septic, other and idiopathic causes) have been identified as possible origin of persistent pain after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Time to surgery, pain level and function impairment before surgical intervention, mechanical stress following prosthesis implant, osseointegration deficiency, and post-traumatic or allergic inflammatory response are all factors playing an important role in causing persistent pain after joint arthroplasty. Diagnosis of persistent pain should be made in case of post-operative pain (self-reported as VAS ≥3) persisting for at least 4 months after surgery, or new onset of pain (VAS ≥3) after the first 4 months, lasting ≥2 months. Acute pain reported as VAS score ≥7 in patients who underwent TJA should be always immediately investigated. Conclusions The cause of pain needs always to be indentified and removed whenever possible. Implant revision is indicated only when septic or aseptic loosening is diagnosed. Current evidence has shown that peri-and/or post-operative administration of bisphosphonates may have a role in pain management and periprosthetic bone loss prevention. PMID:24133526

  14. Changes in gait symmetry, gait velocity and self-reported function following total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodt-Billington, Caroline; Helbostad, Jorunn L; Vervaat, Willemijn; Rognsvåg, Turid; Moe-Nilssen, Rolf

    2011-09-01

    To investigate the magnitude of change at different time points in measures of gait symmetry, gait velocity and self-reported function following total hip replacement. Longitudinal with test occasions pre-surgery and 3, 6 and 12 months post-surgery. Thirty-four patients with hip osteoarthritis (mean age 63 years, standard deviation 11 years). Subjects walked back and forth along a 7-m walkway at slow, preferred and fast speed. Anteroposterior, vertical and mediolateral trunk symmetry was assessed by accelerometry, while single support symmetry, step-length symmetry and gait velocity was simultaneously assessed by an electronic walkway. Self-reported function was assessed by Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score. Gait symmetry data were normalized for gait velocity. Changes between test occasions were reported as effect size. All measures showed effect sizes > 0.30 from pre-operative to 12-months postoperative assessments, and improvements were significant (p symmetry. In general, gait symmetry and gait velocity improved most 6 and 12 months postoperatively, while self-reported function improved most 3 months postoperatively. Early improvements were seen in self-reported function, suggesting immediate relief from stiffness and pain, while gait symmetry and velocity improved later postoperatively, suggesting that gait quality and performance require prolonged rehabilitation with postoperative guidance, muscular strengthening and motor relearning.

  15. Using a calliper to restore the centre of the femoral head during total hip replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, J C; Archbold, H A P; Diamond, O J; Orr, J F; Jaramaz, B; Beverland, D E

    2012-11-01

    Restoration of leg length and offset is an important goal in total hip replacement. This paper reports a calliper-based technique to help achieve these goals by restoring the location of the centre of the femoral head. This was validated first by using a co-ordinate measuring machine to see how closely the calliper technique could record and restore the centre of the femoral head when simulating hip replacement on Sawbone femur, and secondly by using CT in patients undergoing hip replacement. Results from the co-ordinate measuring machine showed that the centre of the femoral head was predicted by the calliper to within 4.3 mm for offset (mean 1.6 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.4 to 2.8)) and 2.4 mm for vertical height (mean -0.6 (95% CI -1.4 to 0.2)). The CT scans showed that offset and vertical height were restored to within 8 mm (mean -1 (95% CI -2.1 to 0.6)) and -14 mm (mean 4 (95% CI 1.8 to 4.3)), respectively. Accurate assessment and restoration of the centre of the femoral head is feasible with a calliper. It is quick, inexpensive, simple to use and can be applied to any design of femoral component.

  16. In Vitro Bioactivity Study of RGD-Coated Titanium Alloy Prothesis for Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Man, Zhentao; Sha, Dan; Sun, Shui; Li, Tao; Li, Bin; Yang, Guang; Zhang, Laibo; Wu, Changshun; Jiang, Peng; Han, Xiaojuan; Li, Wei

    2016-01-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a common procedure for the treatment of end-stage hip joint disease, and the demand for revision THA will double by 2026. Ti6Al4V (Titanium, 6% Aluminum, and 4% Vanadium) is a kind of alloy commonly used to make hip prothesis. To promote the osseointegration between the prothesis and host bone is very important for the revision THA. The peptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) could increase cell attachment and has been used in the vascular tissue engineering. In this study, we combined the RGD with Ti6Al4V alloy using the covalent cross-linking method to fabricate the functional Ti6Al4V alloy (FTA). The distribution of RGD oligopeptide on the FTA was even and homogeneous. The FTA scaffolds could promote mouse osteoblasts adhesion and spreading. Furthermore, the result of RT-qPCR indicated that the FTA scaffolds were more beneficial to osteogenesis, which may be due to the improvement of osteoblast adhesion by the RGD oligopeptide coated on FTA. Overall, the FTA scaffolds developed herein pave the road for designing and building more efficient prothesis for osseointegration between the host bone and prothesis in revision THA.

  17. Long Term Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty in Young Patients under 30

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilios Pakos

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background:  We aimed to report outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA in very young patients under the year of 30.   Methods:  Thirty patients (45 hips with various indications for THA were retrospectively reviewed radiologically and clinically and analyzed regarding survival, reasons of failure, factors associated with outcomes and postoperative complications.   Results:  Within a mean follow-up time of 116 months the 10-year survival rate was 90.3%. All hips were revised due to aseptic loosening. No association was found among the tested parameters with increased revision rates.Three complications associated with the THA were recorded and managed conservatively. All patients had statistically significant improved clinical scores compared to the pre-operative period, despite the underlying disorder that compromised the condition in the majority of the patients. Conclusions:  Our study showed excellent long term outcomes of THA in patients younger than 30 years of age, comparable with those in older patients.

  18. Diagnostic possibilities following implantation of carbon-fibre-reinforced plastic (CFRP) total hip arthroplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krueger, T.; Reichel, H.; Birke, A.; Hein, W.; Alter, C.; Spielmann, R.P.

    1998-01-01

    Introduction: There are many problems in the radiological diagnosis of aseptic loosening in total hip arthroplasty. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) are not usable for metallic implants (stainless steel, cobalt alloy, titanium alloy). Material and Methods: From April 1993 to December 1993 15 CFRP non-cemented hip prostheses have been implanted. In a prospective clinical study plane radiographs, CT and MRT have been analysed. Results: Three stems were revised (1 femoral fracture, 1 severe thigh pain, 1 aseptic loosening). CFRP are not visible in plane radiographs. There was a complete (two-third of the cases) or nearly complete (one-third of the cases) small sclerotic interface between the prosthesis and the bone, these were apparent in CT and MRT in stable implant cases and did not have any clinical correlations. Discussion: The small sclerotic interface is quite different in comparison to so called 'Reactive lines'. In one case of aseptic loosening there was an interposition of soft tissue between prothesis and bone in MRT and CT. CFRP inaugurates new diagnostic possibilities in aseptic loosening of hip prosthesis and in tumour surgery too. (orig.) [de

  19. Causes for revision surgery in total hip replacement. A retrospective epidemiological analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capón-García, D; López-Pardo, A; Alves-Pérez, M T

    2016-01-01

    To determine the impact of each cause of revision surgery in total hip arthroplasty during the period 2009-2013. To analyse the relationship between these causes with different variables. A study was conducted on 127 patients who had hip replacement revision surgery in our hospital during this period. Parameters, such as age, sex, date of primary arthroplasty, prosthetic replacement date, and main cause of the revision were recorded. Those revisions performed within 5 years after the primary arthroplasty were considered as early rescue. The most common cause of rescue was aseptic loosening in 38 (30%) followed by instability in 30 (24%). In terms of age at the time of rescue, statistically significant differences were found, with it being significantly higher in patients re-operated for a fracture. Differences in age at first surgery were found to be 7 years younger than those with late rescue (63.40) with respect to early (70.21). Similar results to ours have been observed in other published series, except for the higher incidence of instability in early rescue. This study demonstrates aseptic loosening and instability as the most frequent causes of revision surgery in our hospital. Age is a very influential factor in relation to longevity of primary arthroplasty. Complications were higher in when the primary hip replacement is implanted in older patients. Copyright © 2016 SECOT. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  20. Fatal Cobalt Toxicity after a Non-Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinne M. Peters

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This case illustrates the potential for systemic cobalt toxicity in non-metal-on-metal bearings and its potentially devastating consequences. We present a 71-year-old male with grinding sensations in his right hip following ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (THA. After diagnosing a fractured ceramic liner, the hip prosthesis was revised into a metal-on-polyethylene bearing. At one year postoperatively, X-rays and MARS-MRI showed a fixed reversed hybrid THA, with periarticular densities, flattening of the femoral head component, and a pattern of periarticular metal wear debris and pseudotumor formation. Before revision could take place, the patient was admitted with the clinical picture of systemic cobalt toxicity, supported by excessively high serum cobalt and chromium levels, and ultimately died. At autopsy dilated cardiomyopathy as cause of death was hypothesized. A third body wear reaction between ceramic remnants and the metal femoral head very likely led to excessive metal wear, which contributed systemic cobalt toxicity leading to neurotoxicity and heart failure. This case emphasizes that fractured ceramic-on-ceramic bearings should be revised to ceramic-on-ceramic or ceramic-on-polyethylene bearings, but not to metal-on-polyethylene bearings. We aim to increase awareness among orthopedic surgeons for clinical clues for systemic cobalt intoxication, even when there is no metal-on-metal bearing surface.

  1. Personality, function and satisfaction in patients undergoing total hip or knee replacement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaesh, Rishikesan; Jenkins, Paul; Lane, Judith V; Knight, Sara; Macdonald, Deborah; Howie, Colin

    2014-03-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between personality and joint-specific function, general physical and general mental health in patients undergoing total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA). One hundred and eighty-four patients undergoing THA and 205 undergoing TKA were assessed using the Eysneck Personality Questionnaire, brief version (EPQ-BV). General physical and mental health was measured using the Short-Form 12 (SF-12) questionnaire and the EuroQol (EQ-5D). Joint-specific function was measured using the Oxford hip or knee score. The "unstable introvert" personality type was associated with poorer pre-operative function and health in patients with hip arthrosis. In patients with knee arthrosis, there was poorer general health in those with "stable extrovert" and "unstable introvert" types. Personality was not an independent predictor of outcome following TKA or THA. The main predictor was pre-operative function and health. Comorbidity was an important covariate of both pre-operative and postoperative function. Personality may play a role in the interaction of these disease processes with function and health perception. It may also affect the response and interpretation of psychometric and patient-reported outcome measures. It may be important to characterise and identify these traits in potential arthroplasty patients as it may help deliver targeted education and management to improve outcomes in certain groups.

  2. Blood metal ion concentrations in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohtsuru, Tadahiko; Morita, Yuji; Murata, Yasuaki; Shimamoto, Shuji; Munakata, Yutaro; Kato, Yoshiharu

    2017-05-01

    The hip placement with a metal-on-metal (MOM) bearing has been used for both surface replacement and total hip arthroplasty (THA). Use of MOM bearing for hip replacement reduces the wear compared to conventional bearings. We prospectively assessed 30 patients who underwent unilateral MOM THA. A control group of 30 patients who underwent metal-on-polyethylene THA using the implants as the other group, except for bearing, were accessed. Blood samples were collected preoperatively and at 3- , 6- , 9- , 12- , 15- , 18- , and 24-month intervals. Changes in mean blood metal ion concentration were compared between the MOM and metal-on-polyethylene groups. A statistically significant positive correlation was observed between blood cobalt and chromium concentrations in all of the patients. The mean blood ion concentrations of the MOM were significantly higher than those of the metal-on-polyethylene. A statistically significant negative correlation was found between maximum blood cobalt concentration and cup version angle. The maximum blood chromium concentrations in the patients who had larger cup version angles were more likely to decrease. We considered that cup version angle is one of the factors that have the greatest effect on blood metal ion concentration, and the target cup version angle that did not induce an increase in blood metal ion concentrations was approximately 20°.

  3. Long-term Outcome of Unconstrained Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty in Ipsilateral Residual Poliomyelitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttaro, Martín A; Slullitel, Pablo A; García Mansilla, Agustín M; Carlucci, Sofía; Comba, Fernando M; Zanotti, Gerardo; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2017-03-01

    Incapacitating articular sequelae in the hip joint have been described for patients with late effects of poliomyelitis. In these patients, total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been associated with a substantial rate of dislocation. This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of unconstrained THA in this specific group of patients. The study included 6 patients with ipsilateral polio who underwent primary THA between 1985 and 2006. Patients with polio who underwent THA on the nonparalytic limb were excluded. Mean follow-up was 119.5 months (minimum, 84 months). Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and the visual analog scale (VAS) pain score. Radiographs were examined to identify the cause of complications and determine the need for revision surgery. All patients showed significantly better functional results when preoperative and postoperative mHHS (67.58 vs 87.33, respectively; P=.002) and VAS pain score (7.66 vs 2, respectively; P=.0003) were compared. Although 2 cases of instability were diagnosed, only 1 patient needed acetabular revision as a result of component malpositioning. None of the patients had component loosening, osteolysis, or infection. Unconstrained THA in the affected limb of patients with poliomyelitis showed favorable long-term clinical results, with improved function and pain relief. Nevertheless, instability may be a more frequent complication in this group of patients compared with the general population. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(2):e255-e261.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  4. Do large heads enhance stability and restore native anatomy in primary total hip arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardi, Adolph V; Skeels, Michael D; Berend, Keith R; Adams, Joanne B; Franchi, Orlando J

    2011-06-01

    Dislocation remains a serious complication in hip arthroplasty. Resurfacing proponents tout anatomic femoral head restoration as an advantage over total hip arthroplasty. However, advances in bearings have expanded prosthetic head options from traditional sizes of 22, 26, 28, and 32 mm to diameters as large as 60 mm. Large heads reportedly enhance stability owing to increased range of motion before impingement and increased jump distance to subluxation. Available larger diameter material combinations include metal- or ceramic-on-highly crosslinked polyethylene and metal-on-metal, each with distinct advantages and disadvantages. We sought to determine (1) if using larger diameter heads has lowered our dislocation rate; and (2) how closely an anatomic metal-on-metal bearing with diameters to 60 mm replicates native femoral head size. We retrospectively reviewed 2020 primary arthroplasties performed with large heads (≥ 36 mm) in 1748 patients and noted dislocation incidence. In a prospective subset of 89 cases using anatomic heads, native femoral head diameter was measured intraoperatively with calipers by an independent observer and later compared with implanted size. One dislocation has occurred in 2020 hips for an incidence of 0.05%. The prosthetic head averaged 0.7 mm larger than the native head with 68 of 89 (76%) reconstructed to within ± 2 mm of native size. Larger diameter heads have contributed to lower dislocation rates and large-diameter metal-on-metal articulation can provide close anatomic restoration in primary THA.

  5. Large-diameter metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties: a page in orthopedic history?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Gurpal; Meyer, Heiko; Ruetschi, Marcel; Chamaon, Kathrin; Feuerstein, Bernd; Lohmann, Christoph H

    2013-11-01

    Large-diameter metal-on-metal (MoM) bearings evolved from the success of hip resurfacing. These implants were used in revision surgery in cases with well-fixed acetabular cups but loose or failed femoral stems, to avoid cup revision. Early data showed low rates of dislocation and potentially low wear profiles due to better fluid film lubrication. The risk of impingement was also thought to be low due to the increased head-neck ratio. Subsequently large-diameter MoM heads gained popularity in primary hip replacement. Recent data has emerged on the unacceptably high revision rates among patients with large-diameter MoM total hip arthroplasties (THAs), high blood levels of metal ions, and adverse tissue reactions. The head-neck (cone-taper) modular interface probably represents the weak link in large metal heads that have been used on conventional tapers. Increased torque of the large head, micromotion, and instability at the cone-taper interface, synergistic interactions between corrosion and wear, edge loading, low clearance, and psoas impingement are the likely causes for early failure of these prostheses. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. In Vitro Bioactivity Study of RGD-Coated Titanium Alloy Prothesis for Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhentao Man

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Total hip arthroplasty (THA is a common procedure for the treatment of end-stage hip joint disease, and the demand for revision THA will double by 2026. Ti6Al4V (Titanium, 6% Aluminum, and 4% Vanadium is a kind of alloy commonly used to make hip prothesis. To promote the osseointegration between the prothesis and host bone is very important for the revision THA. The peptide Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD could increase cell attachment and has been used in the vascular tissue engineering. In this study, we combined the RGD with Ti6Al4V alloy using the covalent cross-linking method to fabricate the functional Ti6Al4V alloy (FTA. The distribution of RGD oligopeptide on the FTA was even and homogeneous. The FTA scaffolds could promote mouse osteoblasts adhesion and spreading. Furthermore, the result of RT-qPCR indicated that the FTA scaffolds were more beneficial to osteogenesis, which may be due to the improvement of osteoblast adhesion by the RGD oligopeptide coated on FTA. Overall, the FTA scaffolds developed herein pave the road for designing and building more efficient prothesis for osseointegration between the host bone and prothesis in revision THA.

  7. Femoral Nerve Palsy Following Total Hip Arthroplasty: Incidence and Course of Recovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischman, Andrew N; Rothman, Richard H; Parvizi, Javad

    2018-04-01

    Femoral nerve palsy (FNP) is a relatively uncommon complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is little recent literature regarding the incidence of FNP and the natural course of recovery. Using our institutional database, we identified postoperative FNPs from 17,350 consecutive primary THAs performed from 2011 to 2016. Hip exposures were performed using a direct lateral (modified Hardinge), direct anterior (Smith-Peterson), anterolateral (Watson-Jones), or posterolateral (Southern or Moore) approach. Patients with FNP were contacted to provide a subjective assessment of convalescence and underwent objective muscle testing to determine the extent of motor recovery. The overall incidence of FNP was 0.21% after THA, with the incidence 14.8-fold higher in patients undergoing anterior hip surgery using either a direct anterior (0.40%) or anterolateral (0.64%) approach. Significant recovery from FNP did not commence for a majority of patients until greater than 6 months postoperatively. Motor weakness had resolved in 75% of patients at 33.3 months, with remaining patients suffering from mild residual weakness that typically did not necessitate an assistive walking device or a knee brace. Nearly all patients had improved sensory manifestations, but such symptoms had completely resolved in less than 20% of patients. FNP after hip surgery remains relatively uncommon, but may increase with a growing interest in anterior THA exposures. A near complete recovery with only mild motor deficits can be expected for a majority of patients in less than 2 years, although sensory symptoms may persist. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Megaprostheses in the Revision of Infected Total Hip Arthroplasty. Clinical Series and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Artiaco, Stefano; Boggio, Frediano; Colzani, Giulia; Titolo, Paolo; Zoccola, Kristijan; Bianchi, Pasquale; Bellomo, Franco

    2015-12-01

    The management of severe femoral bone loss associated with hip infection is a major problem in joint replacement surgery. Femoral megaprostheses have been rarely reported in reconstructive procedure for this complex condition. The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical results observed after such uncommon reconstruction in our case series and in a similar group of patients extracted by literature review. We evaluated clinical outcomes and eradication of sepsis in five patients who underwent femoral revision with modular femoral resection stems at our institution, and we reviewed the literature about this topic. In our case series, the femoral bone loss was grade III-B in three cases and grade IV in two cases according to the Paprosky classification. One patient was operated with one-stage revision, and four patients were operated with two-stage revision. The mean age was 72 years (range: 60 to 81 years), and the mean time of follow-up was 62 months (range: 36 to 82 months). We observed sepsis eradication in four out of five patients in our series, and clinical results were satisfactory with a mean Harris Hip Score of 74 points (range: 46 to 95 points). Cumulative results obtained considering our series and data obtained by literature review showed a mean Harris Hip Score of 75 points (range: 42 to 95 points) in patients able to walk and an overall incidence of recurrent infection in 33% of patients. Complications were observed in 8 out of 20 patients (dislocation, 6 cases; greater trochanter displacement 2 cases; and transient sciatic palsy, 1 case). Revision with megaprostheses in case of infected total hip arthroplasty with severe femoral bone loss have a high risk of complication and should be carefully evaluated and used in selected patients when other surgical procedures are not feasible.

  9. Cortical Strut Allograft Support of Modular Femoral Junctions During Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Chin Tat; Amanatullah, Derek F; Huddleston, James I; Hwang, Katherine L; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B

    2017-05-01

    There is risk of junction failure when using modular femoral stems for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially with loss of bone stock in the proximal femur. Using a cortical strut allograft may provide additional support of a modular femoral construct in revision THA. We reviewed prospectively gathered clinical and radiographic data for 28 revision THAs performed from 2004 to 2014 using cementless modular femoral components with cortical strut allograft applied to supplement proximal femoral bone loss: 5 (18%) were fluted taper designs and 23 (82%) were porous cylindrical designs All the patients had a Paprosky grade IIIA or greater femoral defect. The mean follow-up was 5.4 ± 3.9 years. The Harris Hip Scores improved from 26 ± 10 points preoperatively to 71 ± 10 points at final follow-up (P hips) of all revision or conversion THAs were in place at final follow-up. Three (11%) patients underwent reoperations, 2 for infection and 1 for periprosthetic fracture. There was no statistical significant change in femoral component alignment (P = .161) at final follow-up. Mean subsidence was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm at final follow-up. Femoral diameter increased from initial postoperative imaging to final follow-up imaging by a mean of 9.1 ± 5.1 mm (P hips (96%) achieved union between the cortical strut allograft and the host femur. The use of a modular femoral stem in a compromised femur with a supplementary cortical strut allgraft is safe and provides satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Hypertrophy of the tensor fascia lata muscle as a complication of total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Roiz, Juan Miguel; Bori, Guillem; Tomas, Xavier; Fernández-Valencia, Jenaro A; García-Díez, Ana Isabel; Pomés, Jaume; Garcia, Sebastián

    2017-02-01

    Hypertrophy of the tensor fascia lata muscle (HTFLM) is a rare complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and is a potential source of pain, palpable mass, or both. We retrospectively analyzed 1285 primary THAs and 482 THA revisions (THAR) performed at our center from 2008 to 2014. Among these, five patients had HTFLM (average age 68.8 years). The type of surgery and symptoms were evaluated, as were imaging studies (CT or MRI) of both hips (10 hips), and functional outcomes with the Merle d'Aubigné score. The suspected diagnosis was established at an average of 30.2 months after surgery. Four cases occurred after THA and one case after THAR. A modified Hardinge approach was used in four cases and a Röttinger approach in one case. Two cases had pain and palpable mass in the trochanteric region and three cases only pain. The asymmetric HTFLM of the THA side against the nonsurgical side was confirmed by measuring the cross section of the tensor fascia lata muscle on imaging. The sartorius muscle was measured for reference in each case. The Merle d'Aubigne scale had a mean value of 16.6 (range 13-18) at 38 months after the procedure. HTFLM after THA is a benign condition that could be mistaken for a tumor when presenting as a palpable mass. We propose that it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pain in the lateral aspect of hips that have previously undergone THA.

  11. Midterm outcomes of titanium modular femoral necks in total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collet, Thurial; Atanasiu, Jean-Pierre; de Cussac, Jean-Baptiste; Oufroukhi, Kamal; Bothorel, Hugo; Saffarini, Mo; Badatcheff, François

    2017-10-01

    Modular femoral necks present surgical and biomechanical advantages in total hip arthroplasty (THA), but their benefits remain controversial due to risks of corrosion and fracture at the additional junction. This study aimed to report 10-year survival and clinical outcomes of a titanium femoral stem with a titanium modular neck in consecutive series. The authors reviewed the records of 97 patients (99 THAs) using uncemented modular stem and ceramic-on-ceramic acetabular components. Patients were evaluated at minimum follow-up of 5 years using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Postel Merle-D'Aubigné score (PMA). Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier (KM) method with any reoperation or revision as endpoint. From the original cohort, 14 patients died, 6 were lost to follow-up, and 5 had revision operations with exchange of the femoral stem. The KM survival at 10 years was 94.2% (CI, 86.5-97.5). Clinical assessment was performed on 67 of the 72 patients (69 of the 74 hips) presently living with their original THA components. At mean follow-up of 9.4±1.0 years (median, 10; range, 5-11), the HHS was 93.6±8.2 and the PMA score 17.0±1.6. The X-rays revealed no signs of adverse reactions or bone loss. The uncemented titanium hip stem with modular titanium neck provided a satisfactory 10-year survival and clinical outcomes. Neck modularity enabled restoration of patient-specific femoral offset and limb length thanks to five possible neck configurations, though greater follow up is required to confirm the long-term benefits and safety of this design concept.

  12. Increased use of an expensive, elective procedure: total hip replacements in the 1980s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedman, B; Elixhauser, A

    1993-07-01

    Between 1980 and 1987, the number of hospital discharges with total hip replacement (THR) increased by more than 90%, while total hospital discharges fell by more than 10%. Total hip replacement is one of the most costly hospital inpatient procedures, both per case and in total Medicare expenses. Explanations for the growth in use of THR may clarify some of the major forces driving national health care costs. This study assumes that treatment choices are made by (or for) each patient to maximize expected net benefits. Within this framework, the use of THR might have increased because of improved safety for the procedure, longer life expectancy and better control of many serious illnesses that led to increased demand for quality-enhancing procedures, and increased out-of-pocket cost for alternative treatments that are not covered well by insurance. These possible explanations imply changes in the characteristics of THR recipients over time. An upward shift was found in the age distribution of patients, more than simply because of an aging of the population. Sharply increased proportions of patients were also found with serious comorbidities such as cancer and dementia. The safety of the procedure seems to have improved, in terms of the death rate in the hospital. The results suggest that demands for expensive, elective procedures have been increasing for patients previously regarded as too old or impaired to benefit sufficiently. This process leads to continuing increases in real health care expenses even without the invention of new technologies.

  13. Value of computed tomography-based three-dimensional surgical preoperative planning software in total hip arthroplasty with developmental dysplasia of the hip.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inoue, Daisuke; Kabata, Tamon; Maeda, Toru; Kajino, Yoshitomo; Fujita, Kenji; Hasegawa, Kazuhiro; Yamamoto, Takashi; Tsuchiya, Hiroyuki

    2015-03-01

    Preoperative planning with computed tomography (CT)-based three-dimensional templating has been expanded to achieve more precise placement of hip components. However, few reports have addressed the utility of three-dimensional surgical planning software for secondary osteoarthritis cases. This study therefore investigated the value of CT-based three-dimensional templating software for preoperative planning in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), with an emphasis on developmental dysplasia of the hip. We performed a retrospective review of 65 hips in 57 patients who underwent cementless primary THA. The preoperative diagnosis was secondary osteoarthritis in all cases due to developmental dysplasia of the hip. All preoperative planning and postoperative evaluations were completed using CT-based three-dimensional templating software. We analyzed the accuracy of stem size prediction and cup size prediction, the reproducibility of preoperative and postoperative stem anteversion, and the absolute error in preoperative and postoperative stem anteversion using CT-based three-dimensional templating software. The sizes of 65 % of the femoral stems (42/65) were estimated exactly, and 98 % (63/65) were accurately estimated to within one stem size. The final acetabular cup sizes corresponded exactly to the preoperatively planned size in 92 % of all cases (62/65). 100 % of the cup size estimates were accurate to within one cup size. There was strong reproducibility of preoperative and postoperative stem anteversion (r = 0.88, P developmental dysplasia of the hip.

  14. Long-Term Outcome after Rehabilitation of Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty in Renal Transplant Recipient – A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erieta Nikolikj Dimitrova

    2016-02-01

    CONCLUSION: Rehabilitation is integral part of multidisciplinary treatment of renal transplant recipient after total hip arthroplasty. Regular exercise training of these patients is very important for improving of their long-term outcome.

  15. Radiography, radionuclide imaging, and asthrography in the evaluation of total hip and knee replacement. [/sup 99m/Tc-phosphate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gelman, M.I.; Coleman, R.E.; Stevens, P.M.; Davey, B.W.

    1978-09-01

    Twenty patients with 21 total joint replacements including 17 hips and 4 knees were studied by plain film radiography, radionuclide imaging, and subtraction arthrography to evaluate these procedures for assessing prosthetic complications. Surgery was performed in 14 patients and confirmed loosening of 8 femoral and 7 acetabular hip prosthesis components and 1 femoral and 4 tibial knee prosthesis components. Plain films suggested loosening of only 9 hip components and no knee components. In contrast, radionuclide imaging and subtraction arthrography were considerably more effective in demonstrating loosening as well as other causes of the painful total joint prosthesis.

  16. [Thrombosis of the superficial femoral vein due to psoas bursitis secondary to particle disease in total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lax-Pérez, R; Salinas-Gilabert, J E; Lajara-Marco, F; Lax-Pérez, A; Corraliza-Zamorano, A; García-Gálvez, A; Izquierdo-Plazas, L

    2011-01-01

    The case of a male 76 year-old patient with a history of total hip replacement surgery is presented herein. The patient had tumors in the iliac fossa with swelling of the thigh and pain upon hip flexion and extension. The complementary ultrasound and computed tomography show a large lobed cystic tumor in the left iliac fossa, 7 cm in diameter, close to the prosthesis. The diagnosis was psoas bursitis secondary to the release of polyethylene particles that caused compression and thrombosis of the superficial femoral vein. Cyst formation caused by polyethylene disease after total hip arthroplasty is infrequent.

  17. [Superficial femoral vein thrombosis due to large psoas bursitis secondary to particle disease in total hip arthroplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lax-Pérez, R; Salinas-Gilabert, J E; Lajara-Marco, F; Lax-Pérez, A; Corraliza-Zamorano, A; García-Gálvez, A; Izquierdo-Plazas, L

    2012-01-01

    Male, 76 year-old patient with a history of total hip arthroplasty who presents with a mass in the iliac fossa with swelling of the thigh and hip pain upon flexion and extension. Complementary ultrasound and computed tomography scan studies show a giant lobulated cystic mass in the left iliac fossa, 7 cm in diameter, near the prosthesis. Cyst formation caused by polyethylene disease after total hip arthroplasty is infrequent. We present a case of large psoas bursitis secondary to the release of polyethylene particles which caused superficial femoral vein compression and thrombosis.

  18. Comparison of femoral neck fracture healing and affected limb pain after anterolateral-approach minimally invasive total hip replacement and hemiarthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao-Dong Cao

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the differences in femoral neck fracture healing and affected limb pain after anterolateral-approach minimally invasive total hip replacement and hemiarthroplasty. Methods: A total of 92 patients with femoral neck fracture who received hip replacement in our hospital between May 2013 and December 2015 were selected and randomly divided into total hip and half hip group, total hip group received anterolateral-approach minimally invasive total hip replacement, half hip group received anterolateral-approach minimally invasive hemiarthroplasty, and 1 month after operation, serum was collected to detect the levels of bone metabolism markers, osteocyte cytokines, SP and CGRP. Results: 1 month after operation, serum PINP, PICP, BMP, TGF-β, FGF, IGF-I and IGF-II levels of total hip group were significantly higher than those of half hip group while TRAP5b and CatK levels were significantly lower than those of half hip group; the day after operation, serum pain media SP and CGRP levels were not significantly different between the two groups of patients; 36 h after operation, serum SP and CGRP levels of total hip group were significantly lower than those of half hip group. Conclusion: The bone metabolism after anterolateral-approach minimally invasive total hip replacement is better than that after hemiarthroplasty, and the degree of pain is less than that after hemiarthroplasty.

  19. Rehabilitation of patients aged 65 and over after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hørdam, Britta

    by a randomised clinical trial by using telephone interviews and counseling postoperatively, and testing improvement in patients´health status after THR. The last study involved testing the effect of nursing intervention by providing a measurement of patients´healthrelated quality of life.......The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate improvement in health status of patients aged 65 and over after total hip replacement (THR) as a result of nursing rehabilitation. The projects conssits of three studies, first a description of patients´health status after THR, followed...

  20. Comparison of complications in transtrochanteric and anterolateral approaches in primary total hip arthroplasty.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, James P

    2008-11-01

    Three surgical approaches to primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been in use since Charnley popularized the transtrochanteric approach. This study was designed to examine the difference in morbidity between the transtrochanteric approach and the anterolateral approach in primary THA. Information on 891 patients who underwent primary THA performed by a single surgeon was collected prospectively between 1998 and 2003 using a modified SF-36 form, preoperatively, intraoperatively, and at 3 months postoperatively. The transtrochanteric group had higher morbidity and more patients who were dissatisfied with their THA. There was a greater range of motion in the anterolateral group.

  1. Comparison of Procedural Sedation for the Reduction of Dislocated Total Hip Arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. dela Cruz

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Various types of sedation can be used for the reduction of a dislocated total hip arthroplasty. Traditionally, an Opiate/Benzodiazepine combination has been employed. The use of other pharmacologic agents, such as Etomidate and Propofol, has more recently gained popularity. Currently no studies directly comparing these sedation agents have been carried out. The purpose of this study is to compare differences in reduction and sedation outcomes including recovery times of these three different sedation agents. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed examining 198 patient’s charts who presented with dislocated total hip arthroplasty at two academic affiliated medical centers. The patients were organized into groups according to the type of sedation agent used during their reduction. The percentages of reduction and sedation complications were calculated along with overall recovery times. Reduction complications included fracture, skin or neurovascular injury, and failure of reduction requiring general anesthesia. Sedation complications included use of bag-valve mask and artificial airway, intubation, prolonged recovery, use of a reversal agent, and inability to achieve sedation. The data were then compared for each sedation agent. Results: The reduction complications rates found were 8.7% in the Propofol group, 24.68% in the Etomidate, and 28.85% in the Opiate/Benzodiazepine groups. The reduction complication rate in the Propofol group was significantly different than those of the other two agents (p≤0.01. Sedation complications were found to happen 7.25% of the time in the Propofol group, 11.69% in the Etomidate group, and 21.25% in the Opiate/ Benzodiazepine group with Propofol having complication rates significantly different than that of the Opiate/Benzodiazepine group (p=0.02. Average lengths of recovery were 25.17 minutes for Propofol, 30.83 minutes for Etomidate, and 44.35 minutes for Opiate/ Benzodiazepine with

  2. Increased risk of revision for infection in rheumatoid arthritis patients with total hip replacements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrama, Johannes Cornelis; Fenstad, Anne M; Dale, Håvard

    2015-01-01

    Background and purpose-Medical treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has changed dramatically over the last 15 years, including immune modulation. We investigated the risk of revision for infection after primary total hip replacement (THR) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis over a 16-year......, with revision for infection as the endpoint, were constructed. Cox regression analyses were performed to calculate the relative risk (RR) of revision for infection adjusted for age, sex, fixation technique, and year of primary surgery.Results-RA patients had a 1.3 times (95% CI 1.0-1.6) higher risk of revision...

  3. Experimental and analytical validation of a modular acetabular prosthesis in total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aram Luke

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A finite element model has been developed to predict in vivo micro motion between a modular acetabular cup and liner after cement less total hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to experimentally validate the model. Six LVDT sensors were used to monitor the micromotion of the liner when subjected to loading conditions ranging from 250 N to 5000 N. Deformations at points of interest for both the experiment and FEM were compared. Results of the FEM with different coefficient of friction between the liner and the cup were investigated to correlate with the experimental results.

  4. [Total hip arthroplasty : history and perspective of an iconic surgerical intervention].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koulischer, S; Jennart, H; Zorman, D

    2017-01-01

    With nearly 2 million implants placed annually, total hip arthroplasty is one of the most frequently performed surgerical procedure. A historical review of this intervention reminds us of the times when surgery was done by barber, before the first attempts of interposition arthroplasty. It is only in 1970 that Sir John Charnley lay the foundations of modern arthroplasty. The pharmaceutical industry, by sharing this lucrative market of $ 5 billion annual revenue, is now playing a major role in the development of the next generation of implants.

  5. Effect of early progressive resistance training compared with home-based exercise after total hip replacement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Lone Ramer; Mechlenburg, Inger; Søballe, Kjeld

    Introduction Muscle strength and physical function deficits persist after total hip replacement (THR). Training effect evidence after THR is lacking. This study investigates the effect of supervised progressive resistance training in early post-THR rehabilitation on muscle strength and functional...... in CG (1.58 [0.8;2.4] sec) (p=0.05). No significant differences were found in stair test; yet, borderline significance (p=0.06-0.09) favoured IG in STS and isometric strength. Conclusion 7 days/week of home-based exercise was just as effective as 5 days/week of home-based exercise plus 2 days...

  6. Patients' Expectations Impact Their Satisfaction following Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuprez, Audrey; Delcour, Jean-Pierre; Fatemi, Firouzeh; Gillet, Philippe; Crielaard, Jean-Michel; Bruyère, Olivier; Reginster, Jean-Yves

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the number and magnitude of preoperative expectations and to correlate them with the degree of satisfaction expressed one year after Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) or Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA), in patients with severe and painful osteoarthritis (OA). Preoperative expectations (within 20 days prior to surgery) and postoperative satisfaction (one year after the intervention) were measured using the previously validated French version of the Hospital for Special Surgery Hip or Knee Replacement Expectations Survey. Postoperative satisfaction was measured using a specific scale, following the same methodology as that used for the assessment of expectations. Prediction of the satisfaction of the patients was performed using multivariate linear regression modelling. A total of 138 patients (80 THA and 58 TKA) completed the two parts of the study. The expectations score (mean ± SD) (range 0-100) was 72.58 ± 12.63 before THA and 69.10 ± 13.72 before TKA (p = 0.13). The number of expectations expressed was 14.34 ± 1.32 (out of a potential maximum of 18) before THA and 14.70 ± 2.29 (out of a potential maximum of 19) before TKA. After 1 year, THA generated a significantly higher degree of satisfaction compared to TKA (69.70 ± 14.46 v 60.44 ± 17.54, poptimal preoperative interaction between health care providers and patients, to allow patients a chance to foresee a reasonable outcome after TJA.

  7. Alumina-on-alumina total hip replacement for femoral neck fracture in healthy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moretti Lorenzo

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Total hip replacement is considered the best option for treatment of displaced intracapsular fractures of the femoral neck (FFN. The size of the femoral head is an important factor that influences the outcome of a total hip arthroplasty (THA: implants with a 28 mm femoral head are more prone to dislocate than implants with a 32 mm head. Obviously, a large head coupled to a polyethylene inlay can lead to more wear, osteolysis and failure of the implant. Ceramic induces less friction and minimal wear even with larger heads. Methods A total of 35 THAs were performed for displaced intracapsular FFN, using a 32 mm alumina-alumina coupling. Results At a mean follow-up of 80 months, 33 have been clinically and radiologically reviewed. None of the implants needed revision for any reason, none of the cups were considered to have failed, no dislocations nor breakage of the ceramic components were recorded. One anatomic cementless stem was radiologically loose. Conclusions On the basis of our experience, we suggest that ceramic-on-ceramic coupling offers minimal friction and wear even with large heads.

  8. Failure of total hip implants: metals and metal release in 52 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakobsen, Stig S; Lidén, Carola; Søballe, Kjeld; Johansen, Jeanne D; Menné, Torkil; Lundgren, Lennart; Bregnbak, David; Møller, Per; Jellesen, Morten S; Thyssen, Jacob P

    2014-12-01

    The pathogenesis of total joint replacement failure is multifactorial. One hypothesis suggests that corrosion and wear of alloys result in metal ion release, which may then cause sensitization and even implant failure, owing to the acquired immune reactivity. To assess cobalt, nickel and chromium(VI) release from, and the metal composition of, failed metal-on-ethylene total hip replacements. Implant components from 52 revision cases were evaluated with spot tests for free nickel, cobalt, and chromium (VI) ions. Implant composition was determined with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, and information on the reason for revision and complications in relation to surgery was collected from the medical charts when possible (72%). For 10 implants, corrosion was further characterized with scanning electron microscopy. We detected cobalt release from three of 38 removed femoral heads and from one of 24 femoral stems. Nickel release was detected from one of 24 femoral stems. No chromium(VI) release was detected. We found that cobalt and nickel were released from some failed total hip arthroplasties, and corrosion was frequently observed. Metal ions and particles corroded from metal-on-polyethylene may play a role in the complex aetiopathology of implant failure. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Is There a Role for Preoperative Iron Supplementation in Patients Preparing for a Total Hip or Total Knee Arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petis, Stephen M; Lanting, Brent A; Vasarhelyi, Edward M; Naudie, Douglas D R; Ralley, Fiona E; Howard, James L

    2017-09-01

    Several treatment modalities exist for the treatment of perioperative anemia. We determined the effect of oral iron supplementation on preoperative anemia, and the use of blood-conserving interventions before total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A total of 3435 total joint arthroplasties (1461 THAs and 1974 TKAs) were analyzed during 2 phases of a blood conservation program. The first phase used erythropoietin alfa (EPO) or intravenous (IV) iron for patients at risk for perioperative anemia. The second phase included these interventions, as well as preoperative iron supplementation. The effect on preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) and serum ferritin, as well as EPO and IV iron utilization, was determined. Oral iron therapy increased preoperative Hb level by 6 g/L (P iron reduced from 4% to 2% (P = .05) and 5% to 2% (P iron therapy reduced the burden of perioperative anemia and reduced utilization of other blood-conserving therapies before THA and TKA. Future research should delineate the cost-effectiveness of oral iron therapy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The Use of a Supra-Acetabular Antibiotic-Loaded Cement Shelf to Improve Hip Stability in First-Stage Infected Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drexler, Michael; Kuzyk, Paul R T; Koo, Kevin; Gross, Allan E; Kosashvili, Yona; Reischl, Nickola; Rutenberg, Tal Frenkel; Safir, Oleg

    2016-11-01

    Antibiotic-loaded cement spacers in first-stage revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) for managing infection are associated with high dislocation and fracture rates. The aim of this study was to report the use of an antibiotic-loaded cemented supra-acetabular roof augmentation to reinforce hip stability after cement spacer insertion for first-stage total hip revision in the treatment of infected THA. We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 50 THAs involving 47 patients with an infected hip requiring staged revisions of THA. We documented dislocation, reinfection, and time for revision and outcome. There were no cases of hip dislocation, cement fractures, or any other technical complications associated with the use of the roof augmentation lip. Thirteen cases (26%) had a cemented spacer for longer than 120 days. Seven (14%) cases had recurrent infection after staged revision THA. The antibiotic-loaded cemented supra-acetabular roof augment improved femoral head spacer coverage for patients requiring a staged revision THA for infection. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty-Reducing Hospital Cost Through Fixed Implant Pricing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Kristopher D; Chen, Kevin K; Ziegler, Jacob D; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Bosco, Joseph A; Iorio, Richard

    2017-09-01

    A large component of the cost of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the cost of the implants. We examined the pricing of revision THA implants to determine the possible savings of different pricing models. From our institutional database, all revision THAs done from 9/1/2013 to 8/31/2014 were identified. The cost of the implants was analyzed as a percentage of the total cost of the hospitalization and compared to direct to hospital and fixed implant pricing models. Of 153 revision THAs analyzed, the cost of implants amounted to 36% of the total hospital cost. The direct to hospital cost and fixed implant pricing models would reduce the cost of an all-component revision to $4395 (saving $8962 per case) and $5000 (saving $8357 per case). Both fixed implant pricing and the direct to hospital pricing models would result in a decrease in revision implant costs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Comparison of primary total hip replacements performed with a standard incision or a mini-incision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolson, Steven T; Mow, Christopher S; Syquia, Jose Fernando; Lannin, John V; Schurman, David J

    2004-07-01

    Primary total hip replacement performed through an incision that is a minimally invasive technique. Proponents have claimed that mini-incision techniques reduce blood loss, transfusion requirements, postoperative pain, and the length of the hospital stay compared with standard techniques through a longer incision. However, we are aware of no well-designed comparison study that supports these claims. The purpose of the present study was to compare the short-term results of a mini-incision with a standard incision technique for total hip replacement. A consecutive series of patients who underwent 135 primary unilateral total hip replacements (fifty with use of a mini-incision [a standard incision) by three surgeons at one hospital were studied. Each surgeon selected patients to have a mini-incision procedure and performed a standard approach in the remaining patients. A posterior approach was used for all procedures. In-hospital data were collected retrospectively, and the initial postoperative radiographs were analyzed. Because of the selection process, the patients who had a mini-incision had both a significantly lower average body-mass index (p = 0.008) and a lower average score on the American Society of Anesthesiologists rating (p = 0.006), indicating that they were thinner and healthier than the patients who had a standard incision. With the numbers of patients available, no significant differences were found between the groups with respect to the average surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, in-hospital transfusion rate, length of hospital stay, or the patients' disposition after discharge. The mini-incision group was found to have a significantly higher risk of a wound complication (p = 0.02), a higher percentage of acetabular component malposition (p = 0.04), and poor fit and fill of femoral components inserted without cement (p = 0.0036). There was no evidence that the mini-incision technique resulted in less bleeding or less trauma to the soft tissues

  13. Assessment of changes in gait parameters and vertical ground reaction forces after total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhargava P

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The principal objectives of arthroplasty are relief of pain and enhancement of range of motion. Currently, postoperative pain and functional capacity are assessed largely on the basis of subjective evaluation scores. Because of the lack of control inherent in this method it is often difficult to interpret data presented by different observers in the critical evaluation of surgical method, new components and modes of rehabilitation. Gait analysis is a rapid, simple and reliable method to assess functional outcome. This study was undertaken in an effort to evaluate the gait characteristics of patients who underwent arthroplasty, using an Ultraflex gait analyzer. Materials and Methods: The study was based on the assessment of gait and weight-bearing pattern of both hips in patients who underwent total hip replacement and its comparison with an age and sex-matched control group. Twenty subjects of total arthroplasty group having unilateral involvement, operated by posterior approach at our institution with a minimum six-month postoperative period were selected. Control group was age and sex-matched, randomly selected from the general population. Gait analysis was done using Ultraflex gait analyzer. Gait parameters and vertical ground reaction forces assessment was done by measuring the gait cycle properties, step time parameters and VGRF variables. Data of affected limb was compared with unaffected limb as well as control group to assess the weight-bearing pattern. Statistical analysis was done by′t′ test. Results: Frequency is reduced and gait cycle duration increased in total arthroplasty group as compared with control. Step time parameters including Step time, Stance time and Single support time are significantly reduced ( P value < .05 while Double support time and Single swing time are significantly increased ( P value < .05 in the THR group. Forces over each sensor are increased more on the unaffected limb of the THR group as compared to

  14. The focally constrained liner is a reasonable option for revision of unstable total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mäkinen, Tatu J; Fichman, Simcha G; Rahman, Wael A; Amenabar, Tomas; Safir, Oleg; Gross, Allan E; Kuzyk, Paul R T

    2016-11-01

    Revision surgery for a patient with previous recurrent dislocations or abductor muscle dysfunction has been considered to be a complication-prone procedure regardless of the type of constrained implant used. We investigated the survivorship of a focally constrained acetabular liner used for revision total hip arthroplasty in patients with abductor insufficiency or previous recurrent dislocations. We retrospectively reviewed 98 patients in whom a focally constrained acetabular liner was used to treat abductor insufficiency or previous recurrent dislocations. The mean age was 69.4 years (37-92) and 64 of these were females. Previously, the patients had undergone a mean of two (1-5) revisions. The mean follow-up was 38 (12-66) months. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were calculated and Log-rank test was used to test the difference in survivorship between patients with abductor insufficiency and previous dislocations. Sixteen patients needed a further re-revision for any cause. Thus, the revision-free survivorship was 84.3 % at five years. Five patients suffered a dislocation with a mean of five months post-operatively and were managed with repeat revision. Five patients failed at the implant-host bone interface. Three of these failures occurred after cementing the constrained liner into a pre-existing shell. The focally constrained liner provided a reasonable option for revision total hip arthroplasty in patients with hip instability. Failures were observed in patients with acetabular osteolysis but seemingly well-fixed component and unrecognized impingement.

  15. Effect of tranexamic acid administration on bleeding in primary total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Cortiñas, A B; Quintáns-Vázquez, J M; Gómez-Suárez, F; Murillo, O Simón; Sánchez-López, B R; Pena-Gracía, J M

    To study the efficacy of tranexamic acid to decrease perioperative bleeding in patients who have undergone a total hip arthroplasty operation and to evaluate drug safety. Observational, prospective, controlled and randomized study on the efficacy of tranexamic acid as a method to reduce bleeding in primary hip replacement surgery. We included 134 patients operated during 2014 in our centre, who were divided into 2 groups according to whether or not they had received tranexamic acid. The main study variables were haemoglobin and haematocrit levels, the amount of blood collected from the post-operative drain in the first 12, 24 and 48hours and transfusion requirements. Post-operative haemoglobin and haematocrit levels were statistically higher (P<.001) in the group with treatment. During the first 48hours bleeding values from the group that did not receive TAX were higher compared to patients treated with tranexamic acid. Statistically significant differences (P=.001) were found as to the need for transfusion according to group, more transfusions were performed in the cohort that had not received tranexamic acid: 25.37% compared to 4.48% for the group with tranexamic acid. No adverse events related to administration of tranexamic acid were recorded. Administration of tranexamic acid has proved to be an effective and safe method to reduce peri-operative bleeding in patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty and avoids allogenic blood transfusion. Therefore, tranexamic acid treatment could entail a financial saving for the healthcare system and expose the patient to less risk. Copyright © 2017 SECOT. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. [Application of bilateral direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty: a report of 22 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, J; Lv, M; Zhou, Y X; Zhang, J

    2017-04-18

    To analyze the operation technique and the methods to avoid early complications on the learning curve for bilateral direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA). We retrospectively studied a series of continued cases with bilateral avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) or degenerative dysplastic hip and rheumatoid arthritis that were treated by DAA THA in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. A total of 22 patients with 44 hips were analyzed from June 2014 to August 2016 in this study. There were 17 males and 5 females, and the median age was 48 years (range: 34-67 years). All the surgery was done by DAA method by two senior surgeons. The clinic characters, early surgery treatment results and complications were analyzed. We used the cementless stems in all the cases. The average operating time was (167±23) min; the average blood loss was (775±300) mL;the blood transfusion was in average (327±341) mL; the wound drainage in average was (111±73) mL. Most of the patients could move out of the bed by themselves on the first day after operation, 5 patients could walk without crutches on the first operating day, and 13 patients could squat on the third days after operation. The patients were discharged averagely 4 days after operation. We followed up all the patients for averagely 16 months (range: 8-24 months). There was no loosening or failure case in the latest follow up. In the study, 2 patients had great trochanter fracture, 2 patients had thigh pain, 4 patients had lateral femoral cutaneous nerve palsy, and 3 patients had muscle damage. The Harris scores were improved from 29±8 preoperatively to 90±3 postoperatively (Ptechnique demanding. Carefully selected patients, and skilled technique, can help the surgeon avoid the early complications. It is associated with high complication rate in the learning curve for bilateral DAA THA.

  17. Allergy Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Library ▸ Allergy Library ▸ Allergy testing TTR Share | Allergy Testing If you have an allergy, your immune system ... to avoid contact with the pet if allergy testing shows an allergy to dust mites but not ...

  18. A post-marketing assessment of major bleeding in total hip and total knee replacement surgery patients receiving rivaroxaban.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwong, Louis M; Turpie, Alexander G G; Tamayo, Sally; Peacock, W Frank; Yuan, Zhong; Sicignano, Nicholas; Hopf, Kathleen Pillsbury; Patel, Manesh R

    2017-09-01

    Rivaroxaban is a novel oral anticoagulant indicated for prophylaxis against deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) or total knee replacement (TKR) surgery. To evaluate major bleeding (MB) in THR/TKR patients receiving post-operative rivaroxaban. Electronic medical records of nearly 10 million US Department of Defense (DoD) beneficiaries were queried from 1 January 2013 through 30 June 2015. Using the validated Cunningham case-finding algorithm, post-surgical MB events in rivaroxaban users were identified and analyzed. The incidence of MB was determined, and descriptive statistics were used to compare patient characteristics and other covariates in those with and without MB. Two additional methods were used to explore and identify bleeding cases that were not considered MB events per the study case-finding algorithm. A total of 12,429 patients received THR and/or TKR surgery, and were post-operatively prescribed rivaroxaban. Nine patients had MB, yielding an incidence proportion of 0.07% (95% CI 0.02-0.13). The alternative case-finding methods found bleeding incidences of 0.46% and 0.21%, though it is not clear whether these are clinical MB cases, since the alternative methods were not validated. The incidence of MB in this retrospective analysis is lower than that observed in the clinical trials of rivaroxaban. Whether this is due to lower real-world MB rates or challenges with case-finding algorithms is unclear.

  19. Patient-Reported Outcomes After Revision of Metal-on-Metal Total Bearings in Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mata-Fink, Ana; Philipson, Daniel J; Keeney, Benjamin J; Ramkumar, Dipak B; Moschetti, Wayne E; Tomek, Ivan M

    2017-04-01

    Failure of metal-on-metal (MOM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) bearings is often accompanied by an aggressive local reaction associated with destruction of bone, muscle, and other soft tissues around the hip. Little is known about whether patient-reported physical and mental function following revision THA in MOM patients is compromised by this soft tissue damage, and whether revision of MOM THA is comparable with revision of hard-on-soft bearings such as metal-on-polyethylene (MOP). We identified 75 first-time MOM THA revisions and compared them with 104 first-time MOP revisions. Using prospective patient-reported measures via the Veterans RAND-12, we compared Physical Component Score and Mental Component Score function at preoperative baseline and postoperative follow-up between revision MOM THA and revision MOP THA. Physical Component Score did not vary between the groups preoperatively and at 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Mental Component Score preoperatively and 1 and 3 months postoperatively were lower in patients in the MOM cohort compared with patients with MOP revisions (baseline: 43.7 vs 51.3, P revision cohorts. Postrevision physical function in revised MOM THA patients does not differ significantly from the outcomes of revised MOP THA. Mental function is markedly lower in MOM patients at baseline and early in the postoperative period, but does not differ from MOP patients at 1 year after revision. This information should be useful to surgeons and physicians facing MOM THA revision. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Risk factors for revision of primary total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Numerous papers have been published examining risk factors for revision of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), but there have been no comprehensive systematic literature reviews that summarize the most recent findings across a broad range of potential predictors. Methods We performed a PubMed search for papers published between January, 2000 and November, 2010 that provided data on risk factors for revision of primary THA. We collected data on revision for any reason, as well as on revision for aseptic loosening, infection, or dislocation. For each risk factor that was examined in at least three papers, we summarize the number and direction of statistically significant associations reported. Results Eighty-six papers were included in our review. Factors found to be associated with revision included younger age, greater comorbidity, a diagnosis of avascular necrosis (AVN) as compared to osteoarthritis (OA), low surgeon volume, and larger femoral head size. Male sex was associated with revision due to aseptic loosening and infection. Longer operating time was associated with revision due to infection. Smaller femoral head size was associated with revision due to dislocation. Conclusions This systematic review of literature published between 2000 and 2010 identified a range of demographic, clinical, surgical, implant, and provider variables associated with the risk of revision following primary THA. These findings can inform discussions between surgeons and patients relating to the risks and benefits of undergoing total hip arthroplasty. PMID:23241396

  1. Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty for Fractured Ceramic Bearings: A Review of Best Practices for Revision Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rambani, Rohit; Kepecs, David M; Mäkinen, Tatu J; Safir, Oleg A; Gross, Allan E; Kuzyk, Paul R

    2017-06-01

    Total hip arthroplasty revision for a fractured ceramic bearing is rare but offers unique challenges. The purpose of this review was to provide a summary of existing literature on fractured ceramic bearings. Two authors performed a literature search of the MEDLINE OVID and PubMed databases with the following search terms: ceramic, fracture, total hip arthroplasty, and revision. The search identified 228 articles of which 199 were selected for review. It is mandatory to perform a complete synovectomy and thorough debridement of the fractured ceramic fragments. A well-fixed acetabular component should be removed if either the locking mechanism is damaged or the component is malpositioned. If the femoral stem taper is damaged, the femoral stem should be removed. However, if minimal damage is present, the femoral stem may be retained and revised using a fourth generation ceramic head with a titanium sleeve. Metal bearings should be avoided and revision with ceramic bearings should be performed whenever possible. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Using the Cement-in-Cement Technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amanatullah, Derek F; Pallante, Graham D; Floccari, Lorena V; Vasileiadis, George I; Trousdale, Robert T

    2017-03-01

    The cement-in-cement technique is useful in the setting of revision total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially to gain acetabular exposure, change a damaged or loose femoral component, or change the version, offset, or length of a fixed femoral component. The goal of this retrospective study was to assess the clinical and radiographic characteristics of revision THA using the cement-in- cement technique. Between 1971 and 2013, a total of 63 revision THAs used an Omnifit (Osteonics, Mahwah, New Jersey) or Exeter (Howmedica, Mahwah, New Jersey) stem and the cement-in-cement technique at the senior author's institution. Aseptic loosening (74%) was the predominant preoperative diagnosis followed by periprosthetic fracture (14%), instability (8%), and implant fracture (6%). Mean clinical follow-up was 5.5±3.8 years. The Harris Hip Score had a statistically significant increase of 18.5 points (Prevision THA using the cement-in-cement technique. There were 13 returns to the operating room, resulting in an overall failure rate of 21%. Eleven (18%) cases required revision THA, but only 1 (2%) revision THA was for aseptic removal of the femoral component. All other femoral implants had no evidence of component migration, cement mantel fracture, or circumferential lucent lines at final follow-up. The patients who underwent cement-in-cement revision THA at the senior author's institution had good restoration of function but a high complication rate. [Orthopedics. 2017; 40(2):e348-e351.]. Copyright 2016, SLACK Incorporated.

  3. Cobalt toxicity after revision total hip replacement due to fracture of a ceramic head.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelayo-de Tomás, J M; Novoa-Parra, C; Gómez-Barbero, P

    Symptomatic cobalt toxicity from a failed total hip replacement is a rare, but devastating complication. Potential clinical findings include cardiomyopathy, hypothyroidism, skin rash, visual and hearing impairment, polycythaemia, weakness, fatigue, cognitive impairment, and neuropathy. The case is presented of a 74year-old man in whom, after a ceramic-ceramic replacement and two episodes of prosthetic dislocation, it was decided to replace it with a polyethylene-metal total hip arthroplasty (THA). At 6months after the revision he developed symptoms of cobalt toxicity, confirmed by analytical determination (serum cobalt level=651.2μg/L). After removal of the prosthesis, the levels of chromium and cobalt in blood and urine returned to normal, with the patient currently being asymptomatic. It is recommended to use a new ceramic on ceramic bearing at revision, in order to minimise the risk of wear-related cobalt toxicity following breakage of ceramic components. Copyright © 2016 SECOT. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Optimization of metal artefact reduction (MAR) sequences for MRI of total hip prostheses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toms, A.P., E-mail: andoni.toms@nnuh.nhs.u [Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Trust, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7UY (United Kingdom); Smith-Bateman, C.; Malcolm, P.N.; Cahir, J. [Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Trust, Norwich, Norfolk NR4 7UY (United Kingdom); Graves, M. [University Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2010-06-15

    Aim: To describe the relative contribution of matrix size and bandwidth to artefact reduction in order to define optimal sequence parameters for metal artefact reduction (MAR) sequences for MRI of total hip prostheses. Methods and materials: A phantom was created using a Charnley total hip replacement. Mid-coronal T1-weighted (echo time 12 ms, repetition time 400 ms) images through the prosthesis were acquired with increasing bandwidths (150, 300, 454, 592, and 781 Hz/pixel) and increasing matrixes of 128, 256, 384, 512, 640, and 768 pixels square. Signal loss from the prosthesis and susceptibility artefact was segmented using an automated tool. Results: Over 90% of the achievable reduction in artefacts was obtained with matrixes of 256 x 256 or greater and a receiver bandwidth of approximately 400 Hz/pixel or greater. Thereafter increasing the receiver bandwidth or matrix had little impact on reducing susceptibility artefacts. Increasing the bandwidth produced a relative fall in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of between 49 and 56% for a given matrix, but, in practice, the image quality was still satisfactory even with the highest bandwidth and largest matrix sizes. The acquisition time increased linearly with increasing matrix parameters. Conclusion: Over 90% of the achievable metal artefact reduction can be realized with mid-range matrices and receiver bandwidths on a clinical 1.5 T system. The loss of SNR from increasing receiver bandwidth, is preferable to long acquisition times, and therefore, should be the main tool for reducing metal artefact.

  5. Risk factors for revision of primary total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokopetz Julian JZ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Numerous papers have been published examining risk factors for revision of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA, but there have been no comprehensive systematic literature reviews that summarize the most recent findings across a broad range of potential predictors. Methods We performed a PubMed search for papers published between January, 2000 and November, 2010 that provided data on risk factors for revision of primary THA. We collected data on revision for any reason, as well as on revision for aseptic loosening, infection, or dislocation. For each risk factor that was examined in at least three papers, we summarize the number and direction of statistically significant associations reported. Results Eighty-six papers were included in our review. Factors found to be associated with revision included younger age, greater comorbidity, a diagnosis of avascular necrosis (AVN as compared to osteoarthritis (OA, low surgeon volume, and larger femoral head size. Male sex was associated with revision due to aseptic loosening and infection. Longer operating time was associated with revision due to infection. Smaller femoral head size was associated with revision due to dislocation. Conclusions This systematic review of literature published between 2000 and 2010 identified a range of demographic, clinical, surgical, implant, and provider variables associated with the risk of revision following primary THA. These findings can inform discussions between surgeons and patients relating to the risks and benefits of undergoing total hip arthroplasty.

  6. Measurement and restoration of equality in length of the lower limbs in total hip replacement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoikka, V.; Paavilainen, T.; Lindholm, T.S.; Turula, K.B.; Ylikoski, M.

    1987-08-01

    Alteration of the length of the lower limb was measured in 39 patients undergoing total hip replacement. Radiographs were taken in the erect posture prior to operation and 6 months postoperatively. The inequality of limb length was measured by the difference between the height of the vertices of the fermoral heads and by the difference between the lowest points of the ischial tuberosities. The change of the length was measured intraoperatively as the difference observed between two reference points: One above the acetabulum and the other on the proximal femur. Good correlation was obtained between the change of the limb length made intraoperatively and the change in the limb length using the ischial tuberosities as reference points; no correlation was observed when the vertices of the femoral heads were the reference points. Inequality of limb length can be radiologically determined before and after total hip arthroplasty. Femoral and prosthetic heads are not good reference points for measurement. The difference in the height of ischial tuberosities demonstrates inequality of limb functional length as it reflects the tilting of the pelvis.

  7. Ideal femoral head size in total hip arthroplasty balances stability and volumetric wear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Michael B; Nam, Denis; Mayman, David J

    2012-10-01

    Over the last several years, a trend towards increasing femoral head size in total hip arthroplasty to improve stability and impingement free range of motion has been observed. The specific questions we sought to answer in our review were: (1) What are the potential advantages and disadvantages of metal-on-metal, ceramic-on-ceramic, and metal-on-polyethylene bearings? (2) What is effect that femoral head size has on joint kinematics? (3) What is the effect that large femoral heads have on bearing surface wear? A PubMed search and a review of 2012 Orthopaedic Research Society abstracts was performed and articles were chosen that directly answered components of the specific aims and that reported outcomes with contemporary implant designs or materials. A review of the literature suggests that increasing femoral head size decreases the risk of postoperative dislocation and improves impingement free range of motion; however, volumetric wear increases with large femoral heads on polyethylene and increases corrosion of the stem in large metal-on-metal modular total hip arthroplasty (THA); however, the risk of potentially developing osteolysis or adverse reactions to metal debris respectively is still unknown. Further, the effect of large femoral heads with ceramic-on-ceramic THA is unclear, due to limited availability and published data. Surgeons must balance the benefits of larger head size with the increased risk of volumetric wear when determining the appropriate head size for a given patient.

  8. The role of the transverse acetabular ligament in total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Sameer; Aderinto, Joseph; Bobak, Peter

    2013-04-01

    We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate the role of the transverse acetabular ligament as a reference aid when determining acetabular component anteversion in total hip arthroplasty. We conducted a literature search in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Pubmed databases using the key words 'transverse acetabular ligament' and 'arthroplasty'. Four studies published between 2006 and 2011, reporting on 1,217 procedures met our inclusion and exclusion criteria and were eligible for final evaluation. Outcome measures were the ability to identify the transverse acetabular ligament, anteversion of the acetabular component and dislocation rate. The methodological quality of the studies was variable and they were not homogenous enough for metaanalysis. We found that there was good evidence for the use of the transverse acetabular ligament in terms of accuracy of acetabular component anteversion. However, the ligament could not be routinely identified intra-operatively and other methods of determining the correct anteversion are recommended in this situation. The dislocation rate using this technique was low but it must be stressed that the cause of postoperative dislocation in total hip arthroplasty is multi-factorial and cannot solely be attributed to acetabular component orientation.

  9. Medial Protrusio Technique in Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: A Prospective 6- to 9-Year Follow-Up of 43 Consecutive Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zha, Guo-Chun; Sun, Jun-Ying; Guo, Kai-Jin; Zhao, Feng-Chao; Pang, Yong; Zheng, Xin

    2016-08-01

    The medial protrusio technique may be used during total hip arthroplasty (THA) on patients with developmental dysplasia. However, studies have yet to determine whether a cementless cup can be sufficiently stable to withstand loading forces. This study aimed to assess the clinical and radiographic outcomes of this technique. Furthermore, we sought to determine the relationship between the rate of medial protrusion and the incidence of cup loosening. Thirty-nine patients (43 hips) underwent cementless THA between April 2006 and March 2009 by using the medial protrusio technique. These patients participated in a 6- to 9-year follow-up. Their clinical and radiographic data were gathered prospectively. The average Harris Hip Score improved from 43.1 ± 15.4 points preoperatively to 91.9 ± 12.8 points at the final follow-up (P hip center and the distance of hip center medialization were 2.4 ± 0.6 and 2.5 ± 0.9 cm, respectively. The rate of medial protrusion and the rate of cup coverage were 42.1 ± 12.4% and 96.8 ± 5.1%, respectively. The rate of medial protrusion ranged from 18.3% to 58.3% in 38 hips (group A) and from 61.3% to 68.9% in 5 hips (group B). None of the cups in group A loosened or failed, 2 failures occurred in group B (0% vs 40.0%; P = .011). Developmental dysplasia was treated through THA using the medial protrusio technique, which easily achieves a sufficient superolateral host bony coverage of the cup and promotes socket reconstruction at the true acetabulum. The rate of medial protrusion of <60% may be necessary to obtain excellent clinical and radiographic midterm results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Bearing Change to Metal-On-Polyethylene for Ceramic Bearing Fracture in Total Hip Arthroplasty; Does It Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Soong Joon; Kwak, Hong Suk; Yoo, Jeong Joon; Kim, Hee Joong

    2016-01-01

    We evaluated the short-term to midterm results of reoperation with bearing change to metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) after ceramic bearing fracture in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty. Nine third-generation ceramic bearing fractures (6 heads and 3 liners) were treated with bearing change to MoP. Mean age at reoperation was 52.7 years. Mean follow-up was 4.3 years. During follow-up, 2 of 3 liner-fractured hips and 1 of 6 head-fractured hips showed radiologic signs of metallosis and elevated serum chromium levels. Re-reoperation with bearing rechange to a ceramic head was performed for the hips with metallosis. One liner-fractured hip had periprosthetic joint infection. Dislocation occurred in 3 hips. From our experience, bearing change to MoP is not a recommended treatment option for ceramic bearing fracture in total hip arthroplasty. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. No influence of immigrant background on the outcome of total hip arthroplasty

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Background and purpose Total Hip Replacement (THA) is one of the most successful and cost-effective operations. Despite its benefits, marked ethnic differences in the utilization of THA are well documented. However, very little has been published on the influence of ethnicity on outcome. We investigate whether the outcome—in terms of reoperation within 2 years or revision up to 14 years after the primary operation—varies depending on ethnic background. Methods Records of total hip arthroplasties performed between 1992 and 2007 were retrieved from the Swedish Hip Arthropalsty Registry and integrated with data on ethnicity of patients from 2 demographical databases (i.e. Patient Register and Statistics Sweden). The first operated side in patients with THA recorded in the Swedish Hip Arthroplasty Register (SHAR) between 1992 and 2007 were generally included. We excluded patients with 1 Swedish and 1 non-Swedish parent and patients born abroad with 2 Swedish parents. After these exclusions 151,838 patients were left for analysis. There were 11,539 Swedish patients born outside Sweden. We used a Cox regression model including age, sex, diagnosis, type of fixation, whether or not there was comorbidity according to Elixhauser or not, marital status and educational level. Results The mean age was lowest in the group of patient coming from outside Europe including the former Soviet Union (61 years), and highest in the Swedish population (70 years). Before adjustment, for covariates, patients born in Europe outside the Nordic countries showed a lower risk to undergo early reoperation (HR = 0.73, 95% CI: 0.56–0.97), which increased after adjustment to (HR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.58–1.01). Before adjustment, patients born in the Nordic countries outside Sweden and those born outside Europe (including the former Soviet Union) showed a higher risk to undergo revision than patients born in Sweden (HR = 1.14, 95% CI: 1.02–1.27; HR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.2–1.9), but this

  12. Twelve-Year Risk of Revision After Primary Total Hip Replacement in the U.S. Medicare Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Jeffrey N.; Wright, Elizabeth A.; Wright, John; Malchau, Henrik; Mahomed, Nizar N.; Stedman, Margaret; Baron, John A.; Losina, Elena

    2012-01-01

    Background: There is limited population-based literature on rates and risk factors for revision following primary total hip replacement. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries who had elective total hip replacement for osteoarthritis between July 1, 1995, and June 30, 1996. Patients were followed with use of Medicare claims through 2008. The primary end point was revision total hip replacement as indicated by hospital discharge codes according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to plot the risks of revision and of death over a twelve-year follow-up period. We used Cox proportional hazard regression models to identify preoperative risk factors for revision of primary total hip replacement. We conducted sensitivity analyses to account for competing risks of major comorbid conditions. Results: The risk of revision total hip replacement for patients remaining alive was approximately 2% per year for the first eighteen months and then 1% per year for the remainder of the follow-up period. The absolute risk of death over the twelve-year follow-up period exceeded the risk of revision total hip replacement by a factor of ten (59% vs. 5.7%) in patients older than seventy-five years at the time of primary total hip replacement and by a factor of three (29% vs. 9.4%) in patients sixty-five to seventy-five years old at the time of surgery. In multivariate Cox proportional hazard models, the relative risk of revision was higher in men than in women (hazard ratio [HR], 1.23; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.15, 1.31) and in patients sixty-five to seventy-five years of age at the time of primary total hip replacement than in those over seventy-five years (HR, 1.47; 95% CI, 1.37, 1.58). Patients of surgeons who performed fewer than six total hip replacements annually in the Medicare population had a higher risk of revision than those whose surgeons performed more than twelve per

  13. Revision of failed hip resurfacing to total hip arthroplasty rapidly relieves pain and improves function in the early post operative period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muirhead-Allwood Sarah K

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We reviewed the results of 25 consecutive patients who underwent revision of a hip resurfacing prosthesis to a total hip replacement. Revisions were performed for recurrent pain and effusion, infection and proximal femoral fractures. Both components were revised in 20 cases. There were 12 male and 13 female patients with average time to revision of 34.4 and 26.4 months respectively. The mean follow up period was 12.7 months (3 to 31. All patients reported relief of pain and excellent satisfaction scores. Two patients experienced stiffness up to three months post operatively. Pre operative Oxford, Harris and WOMAC hip scores were 39.1, 36.4 and 52.2 respectively. Mean post operative scores at last follow up were 17.4, 89.8 and 6.1 respectively (p

  14. Heavy reading in heavy metal : Unraveling the mystery of hip tissue in metal on metal total hip arthroplasty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boomsma, M.F.

    2017-01-01

    In this thesis, we investigated the use of computer tomography (CT) for the screening of patients with a metal-on-metal (MoM) hip prosthesis in two patient cohorts. With a self-established CT grading scale, we have shown that CT is a reliable method for the diagnosis of postoperative pathological

  15. Mid term results of total hip arthroplasty using polyethylene-ceramic composite (Sandwich) liner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tao; Sun, Jun-Ying; Zha, Guo-Chun; Dong, Sheng-Jie; Zhao, Xi-Jiang

    2016-01-01

    Ceramic-on-ceramic (COC) couplings are an attractive alternative bearing surfaces that have been reported to eliminate or reduce problems related to polyethylene wear debris. However, the material in total hip arthroplasty (THA) remains one of the major concern regarding the risk of fracture. The present study aims at reporting the fracture rate of bearings in a series of COC THAs with the use of a sandwich liner and attempt to detect the relative risk factors, the possible cause and assess the clinical results. We retrospectively evaluated 153 patients (163 hips) using the sandwich liner COC THA between 2001 and 2009. Patient assessment was based on demographic factors, including age, weight, gender and body-mass index (BMI). All patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically or using computed tomography viz-a-viz dislocation, osteolysis, periprosthetic fracture, infection, loosening and implant fracture. Three ceramic sandwich liners fracture (1.84%) were observed at an average of 7.3 years' followup. The factors which were found to be non-significant to the ceramic liner fracture, included age (P = 0.205), weight (P = 0.241), gender (P = 0.553), BMI (P = 0.736), inclination (P = 0.199) and anteversion (P = 0.223). The overall survival was 91.4% at 12-year with revision as the endpoint. Other complications included osteolysis in 4 (2.45%), dislocation in one and periprosthetic fracture in one. In no hip aseptic loosening of the implants was seen. Our experience with the ceramic-polyethylene sandwich liner acetabular component has been disappointing because of the high rate of fracture and osteolyis. We have discontinued the use of this device and recommend the same.

  16. Contemporary Surgical Indications and Referral Trends in Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty: A 10-Year Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haynes, Jacob A; Stambough, Jeffrey B; Sassoon, Adam A; Johnson, Staci R; Clohisy, John C; Nunley, Ryan M

    2016-03-01

    Revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) represents nearly 15% of all hip arthroplasty procedures in the United States and is projected to increase. The purpose of our study was to summarize the contemporary indications for revision THA surgery at a tertiary referral medical center. We also sought to identify the indications for early and late revision surgery and define the prevalence of outside institution referral for revision THA. Using our institution's arthroplasty registry, we identified a retrospective cohort of 870 consecutive patients who underwent revision THA at our hospital from 2004 to 2014. Records were reviewed to collect data on patient's primary and revision THA procedures, and the interval between primary THA and revision surgery was determined. Aseptic loosening (31.3%), osteolysis (21.8%), and instability (21.4%) were the overall most common indications for revision THA and the most common indications for revision surgery within 5 years of primary THA. Aseptic loosening and osteolysis were the most common indications for revision greater than 5 years from primary THA. Only 16.4% of revised hips had their index arthroplasty performed at our hospital, whereas 83.6% were referred to our institution. Aseptic loosening, osteolysis, and instability remain the most common contemporary indications for revision THA in an era of alternative bearings and modular components. Most of our revisions were referred from outside institutions, which highlights the transfer of a large portion of the revision THA burden to tertiary referral centers, a pattern that could be exacerbated under future bundled payment models. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty With a Monoblock Splined Tapered Grit-Blasted Titanium Stem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellman, Michael D; Kearns, Sean M; Bohl, Daniel D; Haughom, Bryan D; Levine, Brett R

    2017-12-01

    In revision total hip arthroplasty (THA), proximal femoral bone loss creates a challenge of achieving adequate stem fixation. The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of a monoblock, splined, tapered femoral stem in revision THA. Outcomes of revision THA using a nonmodular, splined, tapered femoral stem from a single surgeon were reviewed. With a minimum of 2-year follow-up, there were 68 cases (67 patients). Paprosky classification was 3A or greater in 85% of the cases. Preoperative and postoperative Harris Hip Scores (HHS), radiographic subsidence and osseointegration, limb length discrepancy, complications, and reoperations were analyzed. The Harris Hip Score improved from 37.4 ± SD 19.4 preoperatively to 64.6 ± SD 21.8 at final follow-up (P revision procedures-8 for septic indications and 8 for aseptic indications. Subsidence occurred at a rate of 3.0% and dislocation at 7.4%. Limb length discrepancy of more than 1 cm after revision was noted in 13.6% of patients. Bone ingrowth was observed in all but 4 patients (94.1%). At 4-year follow-up, Kaplan-Meier estimated survival was 72.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 57.0-83.8) for all causes of revision, 86.6% (95% CI 72.0-93.9) for all aseptic revision, and 95.5% (95% CI 86.8-98.5) for aseptic femoral revision. Although complications were significant, revision for femoral aseptic loosening occurred in only 3 patients. Given the ability of this monoblock splined tapered stem to adequately provide fixation during complex revision THA, it remains a viable option in the setting of substantial femoral bone defects. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Relationship between clinical results of total hip replacement and postoperative activities including weeding and snow shovelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kijima, Hiroaki; Yamada, Shin; Konishi, Natsuo; Kubota, Hitoshi; Tazawa, Hiroshi; Tani, Takayuki; Suzuki, Norio; Kamo, Keiji; Okudera, Yoshihiko; Sasaki, Ken; Kawano, Tetsuya; Miyakoshi, Naohisa; Shimada, Yoichi

    2017-09-07

    Weeding or snow shovelling is indispensable for life in farm villages of northern countries. Clarifying the relationships between the degrees of these activities after total hip replacement (THR) and the clinical results of THR may enable us to predict the results of THR for high-level activity patients. The relationships between work activities after THR and the results were investigated. The subjects were 95 post-THR patients, who consulted 6 hospitals in August 2012. First, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Hip-Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ) and a questionnaire on postoperative activity were administered. Then, the Japanese Orthopaedic Association hip score (JOA score) was evaluated. The subjects' average age was 68 years. The average period after surgery was 4 years and 5 months. Weeding and snow shovelling were performed after THR in 44.2% and 40.0% of cases, respectively. The rate of farming after surgery (25.6%) was greater than that of swimming (21.1%). Both the JOA score and JHEQ were higher in those who played sports after THR than in those who did not (p = 0.003, p = 0.0046). The JOA score of those who performed work activities after THR was higher than that of those who did not (p = 0.0295). Nearly half of patients performed weeding or snow shovelling after THR, and about 1/4 of the patients engaged in farming after THR. The clinical results in cases doing sports and work activities after THR were better than those of cases not doing such activities. Therefore, these activities may be positively recommended.

  19. Variation in age and physical status prior to total knee and hip replacement surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ackerman, Ilana N; Dieppe, Paul A; March, Lyn M

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether variation exists in the preoperative age, pain, stiffness, and physical function of people undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) and total hip replacement (THR) at several centers in Australia and Europe. METHODS: Individual Western Ontario and Mc......, and physical function between centers, with adjustment for age and sex. RESULTS: There was marked variation in the age of people undergoing surgery between the centers (TKR mean age 67-73 years; F[6,1004] = 4.21, P age 63-72 years; F[14,1807] = 7.27, P ... in preoperative status were observed between centers, most notably for pain (TKR adjusted mean pain 52.5-61.1; F[6,1002] = 4.26, P physical function (TKR adjusted mean function 52.7-61.4; F[6,1002] = 5.27, P

  20. Failure of total hip implants: metals and metal release in 52 cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Stig Storgaard; Lidén, Carola; Søballe, Kjeld

    2014-01-01

    Background . The pathogenesis of total joint replacement failure is multifactorial. One hypothesis suggests that corrosion and wear of alloys result in metal ion release, which may then cause sensitization and even implant failure, owing to the acquired immune reactivity. Objectives . To assess...... cobalt, nickel and chromium(VI) release from, and the metal composition of, failed metal-on-ethylene total hip replacements. Materials/methods . Implant components from 52 revision cases were evaluated with spot tests for free nickel, cobalt, and chromium (VI) ions. Implant composition was determined...... with X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, and information on the reason for revision and complications in relation to surgery was collected from the medical charts whenpossible (72%). For 10 implants, corrosion was further characterized with scanning electron microscopy. Results . We detected cobalt release...

  1. OPTIMAL IMPROVEMENT IN FUNCTION AFTER TOTAL HIP AND KNEE REPLACEMENT: HOW DEEP DO YOU KNOW YOUR PATIENT’S MIND?

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Caro, M F; Vicenti, G; Abate, A; Picca, G; Leoncini, V; Lomuscio, M; Casalino, A; Solarino, G; Moretti, B

    2015-01-01

    Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip and knee causes pain and loss of joint mobility, leading to limitations in physical function. When conservative treatment fails total hip and knee replacement is a cost-effective surgical option. Patients have high expectations regarding functional outcome after these procedures. If such expectations are not met, they may still be dissatisfied with the outcome of a technically successful procedure. Recently, numerous studies reported that psychological factors can influence the outcome of total knee replacement (tkr) and total hip artrhoplasty with total hip replacement (thr). We conducted a prospective study on a consecutive sample of 280 patients affected by hip or knee OA who underwent total joint replacement. At patients’ admission, Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Knee Society Score (KSS) were used to assess pain and function. Furthermore, SF-36, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced (BRIEF-COPE) and the Amsterdam Preoperative Anxiety and Information Scale (APAIS) were administered. Patients had clinical and radio graphical follow up at 1, 3 and 6 months post-operatively. The HHS and KSS values before surgery showed a linear correlation with both SCL-90-R and MMSE. None of the investigated variables influenced post-operative HHS and KSS scores; however, the improvement of functional scores resulted conditioned by SCL-90-R values, VAS score, schooling and MMSE. Psychological factors and mental status in primary total hip and knee replacement can affect outcome and patient satisfaction. Strategies focused on identification and facing of these conditions must be considered to improve outcome of total replacement.

  2. Simulated studies of wear and friction in total hip prosthesis components with various ball sizes and surface finishes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swikert, M. A.; Johnson, R. L.

    1976-01-01

    Experiments were conducted on a newly designed total hip joint simulator. The apparatus closely simulates the complex motions and loads of the human hip in normal walking. The wear and friction of presently used appliance configurations and materials were determined. A surface treatment of the metal femoral ball specimens was applied to influence wear. The results of the investigation indicate that wear can be reduced by mechanical treatment of metal femoral ball surfaces. A metallographic examination and surface roughness measurements were made.

  3. Acetabulum-Only Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Is Associated With Good Functional Outcomes and Survivorship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Jun Wei; Ridley, David; Johnston, Linda R; Clift, Benedict A

    2017-07-01

    The coexistence of a stable femoral and a loose acetabular component may pose a clinical dilemma for the surgeon. Our study aims at comparing the intermediate functional outcomes and survivorship of acetabulum-only revision total hip arthroplasty (ArTHA) with an age-matched and gender-matched total revision THA (TrTHA) group. We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data on the pain, function, and total Harris Hip Scores (HHS) and complication profile for ArTHA and TrTHA cohorts from our regional arthroplasty database. Kaplan-Meier survivorship, with the need for repeat revision surgery as the end point, was used for survival analysis. Among 538 cases, there were fewer acute medical complications in ArTHA and a similar dislocation rate for both cohorts. Preoperative HHS for pain, function, and total were better in the ArTHA cohort, but only the function score reached statistical significance. No significant differences in subsequent years for all aspects of HHS, except the function score was significantly better in the ArTHA cohort at year 1. And 10.0% of ArTHAs and 7.8% of TrTHAs had required rerevision. The 5-year survivorship was 90.3% (95% confidence interval ± 2.1%) for the ArTHA cohort and 92.7% (95% confidence interval ± 1.8%) for the TrTHA cohort (P = .394). The ArTHA with posterior approach (n = 118) group had the lowest dislocation rate and the best trend of functional outcomes. ArTHA can provide similar functional outcomes and dislocation rate to TrTHA, with an acceptable rerevision rate. The posterior approach in this study was not associated with a significant dislocation rate. Crown Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The Lawrence D. Dorr Surgical Techniques & Technologies Award: Conversion Total Hip Arthroplasty: Is it a Primary or Revision Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baghoolizadeh, Mahta; Schwarzkopf, Ran

    2016-09-01

    Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an increasingly common procedure among elderly individuals. Although conversion THA is currently bundled in a diagnosis related group (DRG) with primary THA, no study has identified whether patients undergoing conversion THA better resemble patients undergoing primary THA or revision THA. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) database collects data from hospitals nationwide about preoperative characteristics, intraoperative factors, and 30-day postoperative complications. The purpose of our study was to use these variables in the ACS-NSQIP dataset to compare patients undergoing conversion THA to those undergoing primary and revision THA in order to ensure proper DRG classification of these procedures. Between 2009-2014, the ACS-NSQIP database identified 2,009 conversion THA patients, 5,089 revision THA patients, and 67,854 primary THA patients. Univariate analysis was used to compare fifty-three preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables among these groups. A conservative Bonferroni-adjusted P-value of .0003 was calculated, and a less conservative P-value of .01 was used for comparison. Seventeen variables exhibited a significant difference (P ≤ .0003) only between conversion and primary THA, one variable exhibited a difference only between conversion and revision THA, and three variables exhibited a difference between both conversion and primary THA, and conversion and revision THA. With P ≤ .01, twenty-three, zero, and six differences were observed, respectively. The disproportionate number of differences between conversion and primary THAs suggests that patients undergoing conversion THAs better resemble patients undergoing revision THAs. DRGs are traditionally comprised of procedures that have similar diagnoses and require comparable levels of resources from a hospital, so these results suggest that conversion THA should rather be bundled in the same DRG as

  5. Midterm results of 36 mm metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hawar Akrawi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite the many perceived benefits of metal-on-metal (MoM articulation in total hip arthroplasty (THA, there have been growing concerns about metallosis and adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD. Analysis of size 36 mm MoM articulation THAs is presented. These patients were evaluated for patient characteristics, relationship between blood metal ions levels and the inclination as well as the version of acetabular component, cumulative survival probability at final followup and functional outcome at final followup. Materials and Methods: 288, size 36 mm MoM THAs implanted in 269 patients at our institution from 2004 to 2010 were included in this retrospective study. These patients were assessed clinically for hip symptoms, perioperative complications and causes of revision arthroplasty were analysed. Biochemically, blood cobalt and chromium metal ions level were recorded and measurements of acetabular inclination and version were examined. Radiological evaluation utilizing Metal Artefact Reduction Sequence (MARS MRI was undertaken and implant cumulative survivorship was evaluated. Results: The mean followup was 5 years (range 2–7 years, mean age was 73 years and the mean Oxford hip score was 36.9 (range 5–48. Revision arthroplasty was executed in 20 (7.4% patients, of which 15 patients underwent single-stage revision THA. The causes of revision arthroplasty were: ARMD changes in 6 (2.2% patients, infection in 5 (1.9% patients and aseptic loosening in 5 (1.9% patients. Three (1.1% patients had their hips revised for instability, 1 (0.3% for raised blood metal ions levels. The implant cumulative survival rate, with revision for any reason, was 68.9% at 7 years. Conclusions: Although medium-sized MoM THA with a 36 mm head has a marginally better survivorship at midterm followup, compared to larger size head MoM articulating THA, our findings nonetheless are still worryingly poor in comparison to what has been quoted in the

  6. Dual mobility cup in revision total hip arthroplasty: dislocation rate and survival after 5 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simian, E; Chatellard, R; Druon, J; Berhouet, J; Rosset, P

    2015-09-01

    Dislocation is a common complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA), particularly when performed as revision surgery. Dual mobility cups (DMCs) minimize the risk of instability when implanted during primary THA. However, their usefulness and survival in revision THA remain unclear. We therefore conducted a retrospective study to assess DMC stability and survival at a minimal follow-up period of 5years after revision THA. The dislocation rate associated with DMCs for revision THA is similar to that seen after primary THA. Cup exchange with implantation of a DMC was performed in 71 patients (74 hips) between 2000 and 2007, for the following reasons: recurrent dislocation (n=22), aseptic loosening (n=38), and infection (n=14). The DMCs were cemented in 47 cases and cementless in 27 cases. The clinical variables (Merle d'Aubigné-Postel score and Harris Hip Score) and radiological findings were collected retrospectively from the medical records and compared with those obtained at the last follow-up visit. Of the 74 cases, 2 were lost to follow-up. At last follow-up, the mean Merle d'Aubigné-Postel score was 15.2 (11-18) and the mean Harris Hip Score was 80.4 (51-98). Of the 8 failures, 2 (2/72, 2.7%) were related to mechanical factors (1 case each of aseptic loosening and dislocation) and 6 were changed because of infection (recurrent infection, n=4). Mechanical failure was not linked to a specific reason for revision THA. A radiolucent line was visible in 4 cases but this finding was not associated with clinical manifestations. When failure was defined as cup revision for any non-infectious complication, 5-year implant survival was 99% (95% confidence interval, 93-100%). Use of a DMC in revision THA was associated with a slightly higher dislocation rate (1/72, 1.4%) than in primary THA, whereas 5-year survival was comparable. Cemented DMCs were not associated with a greater risk of loosening. DMCs are useful to decrease the risk of dislocation in revision THA

  7. Total hip replacement in patients with history of illicit injecting drug use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieser, Karl; Zingg, Patrick O; Betz, Michael; Neubauer, Georg; Dora, Claudio

    2012-07-01

    A history of illicit injecting drug use makes indication of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with end stage hip osteoarthritis difficult, as the risk of infection with colonized strains is multiplied if the patient continues to inject or inhale illicit drugs. A retrospective survivorship analysis of a consecutive series of 27 THA in patients with a history of illicit drug use was performed. Follow-up evaluation consisted of (1) a WOMAC score, (2) a standardized interview including queries on drug habits and eventual additional medico-surgical treatments of the affected hip, (3) a clinical examination in order to complete a Harris Hip Score, (4) radiological examination and (5) blood tests (blood sedimentation rates and C-reactive protein). Defined endpoints were death, implant revised or awaiting revision for deep infection or any other reason and lost to follow-up or follow-up after at least 2 years. Overall, 5- and 10-year implant survival rates with failure for any reason were 61 % (CI: 41;81) and 52.3 % (CI: 29;76) and for septic reasons 70.6 % (CI: 52;89) and 60.5 % (CI: 36;85), respectively. Even if at the time of THA all patients and respective health care professionals confirmed abstinence of illicit injecting drug use, five patients reported occasional use. Declared abstinence of less than 1 year before THA was associated with higher recurrence rates (p = 0.001) and both with higher septic failure rates (p = 0.023, p = 0.061). Positive serology for human deficiency virus did not increase implant failure rates. We use this unacceptable high failure rate as evidence when counseling patients and their health care professionals about the appropriate treatment of osteoarthritis in patients with a history of illicit drug use. Furthermore, we support the request of hair analysis for drugs documenting abstinence of at least 1 year before indicating THA.

  8. 3D Crack Behavior in the Orthopedic Cement Mantle of a Total Hip Replacement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abderahmen Sahli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The total hip replacement is an operation that replaces a diseased hip with a mechanical articulation. Both components of the mechanical articulation (stem and the cup are bonded to bone using orthopedic cement, whose reliability determines the longevity of the implant. The cement around the metallic stem forms a mantle whose strength and toughness determine its resistance to fatigue and failure by fracture. Typical cements are acrylic polymers that often suffer from internal cracks and other defects created during polymerization. This study is a systematic analysis of preexisting 3D crack behavior in the orthopedic cement mantle when subjected to external body forces. Different crack orientations and angular positions around the mantle are studied to identify which locations will propagate the crack. This is accomplished by a global stress analysis of the mantle followed by a failure analysis. Amongst others, the existence of a crack in the proximal region of the orthopedic cement is identified as a critical area, especially in the lateral sides of the stem in the radial direction.

  9. A new method for the measurement of anteversion of the acetabular cup after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydogan, Mehmet; Burç, Halil; Saka, Gursel

    2014-08-01

    Many methods of determining the anteversion of the acetabular cup have been described in the literature. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these methods are discussed in this paper. We present a new method of measuring the acetabular anteversion at the anteroposterior hip. The formula designed by the authors was anteversion angle (α) = arc sin |PK|/√ |AK| × |BK|. The formula was tested using the AutoCAD software, and an experimental study was conducted to evaluate the accuracy. Three groups were created, and 16 X-ray images were taken and coded. Ten orthopaedic surgeons measured the acetabular anteversion from these X-rays using our formula. The results in Group 1 were closer to the actual value; in contrast, the results in Group 2 differed from the actual values. The results in Group 3 were as close to the actual anteversion values as were those in Group 1. Developments in technology often bring an increase in complications. Despite newly developed surgical methods and technology, the position of the acetabular cup is still used to determine the results of a total hip arthroplasty. Our method is simple, cost-effective and achieves almost 100 % accuracy.

  10. The Direct Anterior Approach is Associated With Early Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eto, Shuichi; Hwang, Katherine; Huddleston, James I; Amanatullah, Derek F; Maloney, William J; Goodman, Stuart B

    2017-03-01

    The direct anterior approach for total hip arthroplasty (THA) has generated increased interest recently. The purpose of this study was to compare the duration to failure and reasons for revision of primary THA performed elsewhere and subsequently revised at our institution after the direct anterior vs other nonanterior surgical approaches to the hip. All primary THAs performed elsewhere and referred to our institution for revision were divided into the direct anterior approach (30 cases) or nonanterior approach groups (100 cases, randomly selected from 453 cases) based on the original surgical approach. Because all primary direct anterior THAs were originally performed after 2004 to eliminate temporal bias, we identified a subset of the nonanterior group in which the primary THA was performed after 2004 (known as the recent nonanterior group, 100 cases, randomly selected from 169 available cases). The mean duration from primary to revision THA was 3.0 ± 2.7 years (direct anterior approach), 12.0 ± 8.8 years (nonanterior approach), and 3.6 ± 2.8 years (recent nonanterior), respectively. There was a significant difference in time to revision between the direct anterior and nonanterior approach groups (P Revision of the femoral component for aseptic loosening is more commonly associated with the direct anterior approach in our referral practice. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. One-year incidence of prosthetic joint infection in total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gundtoft, P H; Pedersen, A B; Schønheyder, Henrik C.

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the trend of Prosthetic Joint Infections (PJI) following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and the antimicrobial resistance of the bacteria causing these infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified a population-based cohort of patients in the Danish Hip Arthroplasty...... Register (DHR) who had primary THA and received their surgery in Jutland or Funen between 2005 and 2014. We followed the patients until revision, emigration, death, or up to 1-year of follow-up. Data from the DHR were combined with those from microbiology databases, the National Register of Patients...... revision within 1 year. Of these, 271 were due to PJI. The incidence of PJI was 0.53% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.44; 0.63) during 2005-2009 and 0.57% (95% CI: 0.49; 0.67) during 2010-2014. The adjusted relative risk was 1.05 (95% CI: 0.82; 1.34) for the 2010-2014 period vs the 2005-2009 period...

  12. Modified minimally invasive two-incision total hip arthroplasty using large diameter femoral head

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyung Soon Park

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Minimally invasive (MI total hip arthroplasty (THA is an alternative to standard THA, but has created much controversy among orthopedic surgeons. The authors modified the original minimally invasive two-incision THA technique and used large-diameter (32 mm, 36 mm ceramic-on-ceramic articulation. Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventy patients that underwent unilateral MI two-incision THA were retrospectively reviewed, and surgical morbidity, functional recovery, radiological properties, and complications were assessed. Results: Mean Harris hip score (HHS improved from 41.8 to 96.1 at last followup, and mean Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC score from 66.2 to 26.9. The mean lateral opening angle of the acetabular component was 38.2° and the mean stem position was valgus 1.9°. There was an intraoperative femur fracture and one revision surgery due to stem subsidence. No patient had dislocation. Conclusions: Our data suggest that this modified technique combined with large ceramic femoral head is safe and reproducible in terms of achieving proper implant positioning and early functional recovery.

  13. Natural Remission of Major Periprosthetic Osteolysis following Total Hip Arthroplasty with Metal-on-Metal Bearings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatsuya Tamaki

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The natural course of adverse events following the use of metal-on-metal (MoM bearings in total hip arthroplasty (THA is not well known. In this article, we report the case of a patient with asymptomatic major acetabular osteolysis following MoM THA that diminished gradually without any surgical intervention. A 58-year-old male underwent one-stage bilateral MoM THA for bilateral osteoarthritis. Four years after THA, major acetabular osteolysis developed in his right hip without any local or systemic symptoms. The patient underwent a careful radiographic and clinical observation without any surgical intervention because he did not want to undergo revision surgery. The lesion gradually diminished after 7 years, and most of the osteolytic area was replaced by newly formed bone at 10 years. He continues to be followed with no evidence of cup loosening or migration. Our observation suggests that a periprosthetic osteolytic change related to the use of MoM bearings has the potential for natural remission.

  14. [Risk factors for total hip arthroplasty dislocation and its functional outcomes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanz-Reig, J; Lizaur-Utrilla, A; Miralles-Muñoz, F

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate risk factors for dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), and its functional outcomes. A retrospective study was conducted on 22 cases with dislocation and 431 controls without dislocation, all performed with lateral access. The data were collected prospectively with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Patient related factors, from primary surgery, and position of components on simple radiographs were analyzed. Harris and Merle D'Aubigné hip scores, and short Womac questionnaire were used. Demographic, patient-related or surgical technique factors were not risk predictors of dislocation. With regard to position of components, an acetabular abduction >50° (p = 0.003) and anteversion lower or higher than 10°- 20° (p = 0.044) were risk factors. Controls and dislocation treated conservatively had similar outcomes, and in both were better than in those treated with surgical revision (p = 0.03). Factors relating to the patient and soft tissues status may influence the stability of the arthroplasty, but malposition of the acetabular component seems to be the most important and common risk factor for dislocation. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Espana.

  15. Down Syndrome Increases the Risk of Short-Term Complications After Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boylan, Matthew R; Kapadia, Bhaveen H; Issa, Kimona; Perfetti, Dean C; Maheshwari, Aditya V; Mont, Michael A

    2016-02-01

    Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal abnormality and is associated with degenerative hip disease. Because of the recent increase in life expectancy for patients with this syndrome, orthopaedic surgeons are likely to see an increasing number of these patients who are candidates for total hip arthroplasty (THA). Using Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 1998 to 2010, we compared the short-term adverse outcomes of THA among 241 patients with Down syndrome and a matched 723-patient cohort. Specifically, we assessed: (1) incidence of THA; (2) perioperative medical and surgical complications during the primary hospitalization; (3) length of stay; and (4) hospital charges. The annual mean number of patients with Down syndrome undergoing THA was 19. Compared to matched controls, Down syndrome patients had an increased risk of perioperative (OR, 4.33; PDown syndrome patients had significantly higher incidence rates of pneumonia (P=.001), urinary tract infection (PDown syndrome patients were 26% longer (PDown syndrome who is a candidate for THA, orthopaedic surgeons should educate the patient, family and their clinical decision makers about the increased risk of medical complications (pneumonia and urinary tract infections), surgical complications (wound hemorrhage), and lengths of stay compared to the general population. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Clinical outcomes of ceramicized ball heads in total hip replacement bearings: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piconi, Corrado; De Santis, Vincenzo; Maccauro, Giulio

    2017-01-26

    Metallic ball heads for total hip replacement (THR) bearings with ceramicized surfaces were introduced in orthopedics during the second half of the 1980s, with the aim of decreasing the wear of polyethylene cups. An analysis was made of the literature regarding outcomes for metallic ball heads with ceramicized surfaces now in clinical use (TiN, TiNbN, ZrN, monoclinic ZrO2), as well as carbon coatings (pyrolytic carbon, diamond-like carbon) and silicon nitride as coatings in ball heads for THR bearings. Notwithstanding the diffusion of ceramicized ball heads in THRs, there are few reports about their clinical outcomes in hip arthroplasty. In addition, several clinical studies and some registry data are putting under scrutiny the clinical advantages of ceramicized ball heads over cobalt chrome (CoCr) alloy and ceramic ball heads. The wear of THR bearings with ceramicized ball heads looks like it depends more on the behavior of the polyethylene cups than on the treatment of the ball head surface. The risk of coating damage and of its consequences has to be taken into account in selecting this type of bearing.

  17. Computed tomography for preoperative planning in total hip arthroplasty: what radiologists need to know

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huppertz, Alexander [Charite - University Hospitals Berlin, Department of Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Imaging Science Institute Charite, Berlin (Germany); Radmer, Sebastian [Proendo, Orthopedic Surgery, Berlin (Germany); Wagner, Moritz; Hamm, Bernd [Charite - University Hospitals Berlin, Department of Radiology, Berlin (Germany); Roessler, Torsten [Klinikum Ernst von Bergmann, Department of Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery, Potsdam (Germany); Sparmann, Martin [Proendo, Orthopedic Surgery, Berlin (Germany); Charite - University Hospital, Berlin (Germany)

    2014-08-15

    The number of total hip arthroplasties is continuously rising. Although less invasive surgical techniques, sophisticated component design, and intraoperative navigation techniques have been introduced, the rate of peri- and postoperative complications, including dislocations, fractures, nerve palsies, and infections, is still a major clinical problem. Better patient outcome, faster recovery and rehabilitation, and shorter operation times therefore remain to be accomplished. A promising strategy is to use minimally invasive techniques in conjunction with modular implants, aimed at independently reconstructing femoral offset and leg length on the basis of highly accurate preoperative planning. Plain radiographs have clear limitations for the correct estimation of hip joint geometry and bone quality. Three-dimensional assessment based on computed tomography (CT) allows optimizing the choice and positions of implants and anticipating difficulties to be encountered during surgery. Postoperative CT is used to monitor operative translation and plays a role in arthroplastic quality management. Radiologists should be familiar with the needs of orthopedic surgeons in terms of CT acquisition, post-processing, and data transfer. The CT protocol should be optimized to enhance image quality and reduce radiation exposure. When dedicated orthopedic CT protocols and state-of-the-art scanner hardware are used, radiation exposure can be decreased to a level just marginally higher than that of conventional preoperative radiography. Surgeons and radiologists should use similar terminology to avoid misunderstanding and inaccuracies in the transfer of preoperative planning. (orig.)

  18. Preoperative gluteus medius muscle atrophy as a predictor of walking ability after total hip arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nankaku, Manabu; Tsuboyama, Tadao; Aoyama, Tomoki; Kuroda, Yutaka; Ikeguchi, Ryosuke; Matsuda, Shuichi

    2016-01-01

    To elucidate the relation between certain preoperative physical parameters and walking with a limp after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and determine whether it is possible to predict the walking ability of patients 6 months after THA. The subjects of this study comprised 74 female patients who had undergone unilateral THA. Before surgery, the hip abductor and knee extensor strengths were measured, the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the gluteus medius and rectus abdominis muscles were measured, and the Timed Up and Go test was conducted. The patients were then divided into two groups according to gait observation results 6 months postoperatively: walking without a limp (n=37) and walking with a limp (n=37). The discriminating criteria between the two groups were age (61 years), CSA of the gluteus medius muscle (2000 mm 2 ), and CSA of the rectus abdominis muscle (340 mm 2 ). In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the gluteus medius muscle was the only significant predictor of limping after THA (β=1.64, R2=0.19, pgluteus medius is an useful indicator for predicting walking with a limp 6 months postoperatively.

  19. Incidence of delirium in postoperative patients treated with total knee and hip arthroplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe de Santana Bosmak

    Full Text Available Summary Introduction: Delirium is a common disorder that can potentiate mortality and comorbidity rates of patients hospitalized in intensive care units. Patients undergoing major orthopedic surgeries, such as knee and hip arthroplasty, are particularly vulnerable as they often have multiple risk factors for this disorder. Method: Descriptive study of the incidence of delirium in patients treated with total knee and hip arthroplasty, given the advanced age and comorbidities in this population. We evaluated the medical records of patients who had previously undergone the designated surgeries for identification of postoperative delirium. Results: We observed in this study an incidence of 8.92% of delirium, mostly affecting females with a mean age of 73 years and hypertension. Conclusion: The incidence of delirium in our study is similar to that observed in the general population, according to the literature. We found no correlation with sleep disorders, smoking or diabetes mellitus in this study, even though the importance of these factors for the onset of delirium is well-established in the literature.

  20. Vitamin d is related to gait recovery after total hip arthroplasty: A prospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Cunha, Bernardo Matos; Gava, Aline Dalfito; de Oliveira, Sandro Barbosa; de David, Ana Cristina; Dos Santos-Neto, Leopoldo Luiz

    2016-10-01

    To investigate the association between baseline serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and gait pattern in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA). Prospective study of patients with hip osteoarthritis undergoing primary THA between January 2012 and December 2013. Blood samples were collected on the day of hospital admission. Gait analyses were performed before surgery and 3 months postoperatively. Internal moments were captured. Major improvements were observed in gait data after THA. 25(OH)D levels correlated with change in peak extension (R=0.25, p=0.017) and peak power generation (R=0.25, p=0.04). Multiple linear regression analyses were performed. In model 1, 25(OH)D and change in gait speed explained the variability of peak extension (R2=0.1, p=0.004). In model 2, only 25(OH)D explained the variability of peak power generation (R2=0.05, p=0.044). 25(OH)D levels were correlated with change in peak extension and peak power generation. The effect of 25(OH)D on change in gait variables after THA is modest. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement in an Ipsilateral Post-traumatic above-knee Amputation: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patnaik, Sanjeev; Nayak, Biswaranjan; Sahoo, Akshaya Kumar; Sahu, Nabin Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Total hip replacement (THR) is a highly successful operation in alleviating pain and improving the overall function of the hip, in end-stage arthritis of the hip, in otherwise fit patients. However, THR as a surgical option in post-traumatic hip arthritis with ipsilateral above-knee amputation is rarely reported. We are presenting a case report of a 30-year-old male, who had previously underwent an above-knee amputation due to road-traffic accident, presenting 24 h after the injury with segmental fracture femur and popliteal artery laceration, for which the limb could not be salvaged. He had an impacted anteroinferior dislocation of the ipsilateral hip with significant cartilage damage of the femoral head which required open reduction. Subsequently, he developed traumatic arthritis of the involved hip which required conversion to an uncemented THR, using a minimally invasive (MIS) anterolateral approach. The preoperative management, surgical technique, and postoperative rehabilitation are described to highlight the technical challenges, these lower limb amputees may present along with review of literature of such rare cases. THR in an above-knee amputee with posttraumatic hip arthritis using MIS technique is an encouraging surgical option for early functional recovery and minimizing surgical complications.

  2. Botulinum toxin type A injections for the management of muscle tightness following total hip arthroplasty: a case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delanois Ronald E

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Development of hip adductor, tensor fascia lata, and rectus femoris muscle contractures following total hip arthroplasties are quite common, with some patients failing to improve despite treatment with a variety of non-operative modalities. The purpose of the present study was to describe the use of and patient outcomes of botulinum toxin injections as an adjunctive treatment for muscle tightness following total hip arthroplasty. Methods Ten patients (14 hips who had hip adductor, abductor, and/or flexor muscle contractures following total arthroplasty and had been refractory to physical therapeutic efforts were treated with injection of botulinum toxin A. Eight limbs received injections into the adductor muscle, 8 limbs received injections into the tensor fascia lata muscle, and 2 limbs received injection into the rectus femoris muscle, followed by intensive physical therapy for 6 weeks. Results At a mean final follow-up of 20 months, all 14 hips had increased range in the affected arc of motion, with a mean improvement of 23 degrees (range, 10 to 45 degrees. Additionally all hips had an improvement in hip scores, with a significant increase in mean score from 74 points (range, 57 to 91 points prior to injection to a mean of 96 points (range, 93 to 98 at final follow-up. There were no serious treatment-related adverse events. Conclusion Botulinum toxin A injections combined with intensive physical therapy may be considered as a potential treatment modality, especially in difficult cases of muscle tightness that are refractory to standard therapy.

  3. Risk factors for dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Lele; Yang, Yanjiang; An, Biao; Yang, Yantao; Shi, Linyuan; Han, Xiangzhen; Gao, Shijun

    2017-02-01

    No formal systematic review or meta-analysis was performed up to now to summarize the risk factors of dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty(THA). The present study aimed to quantitatively and comprehensively conclude the risk factors of dislocation after revision total hip arthroplasty. A search was applied to CNKI, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane central database (all up to October 2016). All studies assessing the risk factors of dislocation after revision THA without language restriction were reviewed, and qualities of included studies were assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Data were pooled and a meta-analysis completed. A total of 8 studies were selected, which altogether included 4656 revision THAs. 421 of them were cases of dislocation occurred after surgery, suggesting the accumulated incidence of 9.04%. Results of meta-analyses showed that age at surgery (standardized mean difference -0.222; 95% CI -0.413-0.031), small-diameter femoral heads (≤28 mm) (OR 1.451; 95%CI 1.056-1.994), history of instability (OR 2.739; 95%CI 1.888-3.974), number of prior revisions ≥ 3 (OR, 2.226; 95% CI, 1.569-3.16) and number of prior revisions ≥ 2 (OR 1.949; 95% CI 1.349-2.817), acetabular components with elevated rim liner were less likely to develop dislocation after revision THA (OR 0.611; 95% CI 0.415-0.898). Related prophylaxis strategies should be implemented in patients involved with above-mentioned risk factors to prevent dislocation after revision THA. Copyright © 2017 IJS Publishing Group Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Is there a role for femoral offset restoration during total hip arthroplasty? A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Fine, M; Romagnoli, M; Toscano, A; Bondi, A; Nanni, M; Zaffagnini, S

    2017-05-01

    Benefits of femoral offset restoration during total hip arthroplasty should be the reduction of bearing surfaces wear, implant loosening and dislocation rates. Modular neck stems ensure offset customization but fretting corrosion and catastrophic failures are well-documented complications. Since clinical evidences are needed to substantiate the effectiveness of femoral offset restoration and promote modular neck choice, we systematically reviewed the literature to ascertain whether femoral offset itself has a proven clinical influence: (1) on bearing surfaces wear, (2) implant loosening, (3) and dislocation rates. A systematic literature screening was conducted to find papers dealing with the influence of femoral offset on wear, dislocation and loosening, including articles with conventional radiographic femoral offset assessment and with comparative design. Observational studies, case reports, instructional course lectures, cadaveric and animal studies as well as biomechanical studies, letters to the editor, surgical techniques or technical notes were all excluded. No limits about publication date were supplied but only papers in English were taken into account. Data were extracted into an anonymous spreadsheet. Offset values, dislocation rates, wear rates, follow-up and surgical approaches were all detailed. Ten manuscripts were finally selected. A statistically significant correlation between femoral offset restoration and the reduction of conventional ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene wear was found in two out of three papers investigating this issue, but no correlations were found between femoral offset and dislocation rates or implant loosening. Femoral offset modification influences ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene liners wear, but no correlation was found with dislocation rates or implant loosening. Advantages on wear can be counterbalanced by the use of hard bearing surfaces or highly cross-linked polyethylene liners, besides the availability

  5. Functional exercise after total hip replacement (FEATHER a randomised control trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monaghan Brenda

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prolonged physical impairments in range of movement, postural stability and walking speed are commonly reported following total hip replacement (THR. It is unclear from the current body of evidence what kind of exercises should be performed to maximize patient function and quality of life. Methods/design This will be a single blind multi centre randomized control trial with two arms. Seventy subjects post primary total hip arthroplasty will be randomized into either an experimental group (n=35, or to a control group (n=35. The experimental group will attend a functional exercise class twice weekly for a six week period from week 12 to week 18 post surgery. The functional exercise group will follow a circuit based functional exercise class supervised by a chartered Physiotherapist. The control group will receive usual care. The principal investigator (BM will perform blinded outcome assessments on all patients using validated measures for pain, stiffness, and function using the Western Ontario and Mc Master Universities Osteoarthritis index (WOMAC. This is the primary outcome measurement tool. Secondary outcome measurements include Quality of life (SF-36, 6 min walk test, Visual Analogue Scale, and the Berg Balance score. The WOMAC score will be collated on day five post surgery and repeated at week twelve and week eighteen. All other measurements will be taken at week 12 and repeated at week eighteen. In addition a blinded radiologist will measure gluteus medius cross sectional area using real time ultrasound for all subjects at week 12 and at week 18 to determine if the functional exercise programme has any effect on muscle size. Discussion This randomised controlled trial will add to the body of evidence on the relationship between muscle size, functional ability, balance, quality of life and time post surgery in patients following total hip arthroplasty. The CONSORT guidelines will be followed to throughout. Ethical

  6. Developmental hip dysplasia treated by total hip arthroplasty using a cementless Wagner cone stem in young adult patients with a small physique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhen, Ping; Liu, Jun; Lu, Hao; Chen, Hui; Li, Xusheng; Zhou, Shenghu

    2017-05-15

    Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) may lead to severe acetabular and femoral abnormalities that can render total hip arthroplasty (THA) challenging, especially in DDH patients with a small physique. Most conventional cemented or cementless femoral components are often difficult to implant in the narrow femoral canal and require slight version correction during surgery. The aim of this study was to present the mid-term results of THA in the treatment of DDH patients with a small physique using a cementless Wagner cone prosthesis (Zimmer®, US). Between January 2006 and March 2010, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients who were treated at our center. A total of 50 patients (52 hips; 45 women, five men; mean age 32.5 years; range 27 to 38 years) who underwent THA were observed. The mean femoral medullary canal dimension at the isthmus was 7.6 mm (range 6.0 to 8.7). According to the Crowe classification, 19 hips presented dysplasia of grade I, while 33 presented dysplasia of grade II. All patients were treated with THA using a cementless Wagner cone prosthesis. Clinical and radiologic evaluations were performed on all patients. The mean duration of follow-up was 7.7 years (range 5.4 to 10.5). The Harris hip score (HHS) improved from 63 ± 9 (range 55 to 70) pre-operatively to 92 ± 8 (range 88 to 100) at the last follow-up. The HHS at the most recent follow-up was excellent in 66% of patients (34 hips), good in 26% (14 hips), fair in 6% (3 hips), and poor in 2% (1 hip). Radiographic evaluation demonstrated excellent osteointegration of the implants. Stem subsidence was present in three stems, and the range of stem subsidence was 2 mm in two stems (3.9%) and 3 mm in one stem (1.9%). Femoral osteolysis was observed in nine hips (18%) in the proximal zones, and no distal osteolysis was noted. Heterotopic ossification was observed in three hips (5.8%); of these, two were classified as Brooker's grade 1, and one was classified as Brooker's grade 2 at the most

  7. Can Optimism, Pessimism, Hope, Treatment Credibility and Treatment Expectancy Be Distinguished in Patients Undergoing Total Hip and Total Knee Arthroplasty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haanstra, Tsjitske M; Tilbury, Claire; Kamper, Steven J; Tordoir, Rutger L; Vliet Vlieland, Thea P M; Nelissen, Rob G H H; Cuijpers, Pim; de Vet, Henrica C W; Dekker, Joost; Knol, Dirk L; Ostelo, Raymond W

    2015-01-01

    The constructs optimism, pessimism, hope, treatment credibility and treatment expectancy are associated with outcomes of medical treatment. While these constructs are grounded in different theoretical models, they nonetheless show some conceptual overlap. The purpose of this study was to examine whether currently available measurement instruments for these constructs capture the conceptual differences between these constructs within a treatment setting. Patients undergoing Total Hip and Total Knee Arthroplasty (THA and TKA) (Total N = 361; 182 THA; 179 TKA), completed the Life Orientation Test-Revised for optimism and pessimism, the Hope Scale, the Credibility Expectancy Questionnaire for treatment credibility and treatment expectancy. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine whether the instruments measure distinct constructs. Four theory-driven models with one, two, four and five latent factors were evaluated using multiple fit indices and Δχ2 tests, followed by some posthoc models. The results of the theory driven confirmatory factor analysis showed that a five factor model in which all constructs loaded on separate factors yielded the most optimal and satisfactory fit. Posthoc, a bifactor model in which (besides the 5 separate factors) a general factor is hypothesized accounting for the commonality of the items showed a significantly better fit than the five factor model. All specific factors, except for the hope factor, showed to explain a substantial amount of variance beyond the general factor. Based on our primary analyses we conclude that optimism, pessimism, hope, treatment credibility and treatment expectancy are distinguishable in THA and TKA patients. Postdoc, we determined that all constructs, except hope, showed substantial specific variance, while also sharing some general variance.

  8. Outcome of Total Hip and Total Knee Revision Arthroplasty With Minor Infection Criteria: A Retrospective Matched-Pair Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, Kevin; Kolbitsch, Paul; Sigmund, Irene K; Hobusch, Gerhard M; Holinka, Johannes; Windhager, Reinhard

    2017-04-01

    Although diagnostic modalities for the detection of periprosthetic joint infection have improved, some infectious revision cases may still be diagnosed as aseptic complications. We raised the question whether patients with positive Musculoskeletal Infection Society minor infection criteria differ in their outcome parameters (revision-free survival, revision rate) when compared to patients with "true" aseptic complications. Additionally, we asked whether the indication for revision surgery (eg, loosening) might have an influence on possible outcome discrepancies. A retrospective matched-pair analysis was performed with 98 patients who had undergone revision surgery after total joint arthroplasty. Forty-nine patients showed less than 3 positive minor criteria (PMC), whereas 49 patients without any PMC were compared regarding re-revision rate and revision-free survival. Reasons for revisions were categorized according to loosening, liner wear, implant failure, and soft-tissue complication. In the group of patients with PMC, 30.6% (n = 15) had to undergo re-revision compared to 6.12% (n = 3) in the true aseptic complication control group. The long-term implant survival in the PMC group was 69.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 47-69 months) and in the aseptic control group was 93.9% (95% CI, 82-94 months; P = .001). In patients with PMC and loosening of the implant, the long-term survival was 55.2% (95% CI survival time, 28.9-53.2 months) whereas in patients without PMC and loosening, the overall survival was 96.2% (95% CI survival time, 83.5-96 months; P = .001). Our findings suggest that in the presence of prosthetic loosening, even a single positive minor criterion may have a negative impact on the outcome after total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty revision surgeries. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Can Optimism, Pessimism, Hope, Treatment Credibility and Treatment Expectancy Be Distinguished in Patients Undergoing Total Hip and Total Knee Arthroplasty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsjitske M Haanstra

    Full Text Available The constructs optimism, pessimism, hope, treatment credibility and treatment expectancy are associated with outcomes of medical treatment. While these constructs are grounded in different theoretical models, they nonetheless show some conceptual overlap. The purpose of this study was to examine whether currently available measurement instruments for these constructs capture the conceptual differences between these constructs within a treatment setting.Patients undergoing Total Hip and Total Knee Arthroplasty (THA and TKA (Total N = 361; 182 THA; 179 TKA, completed the Life Orientation Test-Revised for optimism and pessimism, the Hope Scale, the Credibility Expectancy Questionnaire for treatment credibility and treatment expectancy. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine whether the instruments measure distinct constructs. Four theory-driven models with one, two, four and five latent factors were evaluated using multiple fit indices and Δχ2 tests, followed by some posthoc models.The results of the theory driven confirmatory factor analysis showed that a five factor model in which all constructs loaded on separate factors yielded the most optimal and satisfactory fit. Posthoc, a bifactor model in which (besides the 5 separate factors a general factor is hypothesized accounting for the commonality of the items showed a significantly better fit than the five factor model. All specific factors, except for the hope factor, showed to explain a substantial amount of variance beyond the general factor.Based on our primary analyses we conclude that optimism, pessimism, hope, treatment credibility and treatment expectancy are distinguishable in THA and TKA patients. Postdoc, we determined that all constructs, except hope, showed substantial specific variance, while also sharing some general variance.

  10. Morbid obesity: a significant risk factor for failure of two-stage revision total hip arthroplasty for infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houdek, Matthew T; Wagner, Eric R; Watts, Chad D; Osmon, Douglas R; Hanssen, Arlen D; Lewallen, David G; Mabry, Tad M

    2015-02-18

    Morbid obesity (BMI [body mass index], ≥40 kg/m2) is associated with a higher risk of complications, including infection and implant failure, following primary total hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the results of two-stage revision total hip arthroplasty for infection in a morbidly obese patient cohort (BMI, ≥40 kg/m2) and nonobese patients (BMI, total joint registry, we reviewed the medical records of 653 patients treated with two-stage revision total hip arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection over a twenty-year period (1987 to 2007). Patients were stratified according to preoperative BMI. Thirty-three patients (fourteen male and nineteen female) with a BMI of ≥40 kg/m2 were identified. These patients were matched 1:2 with a cohort of sixty-six patients (twenty-eight male and thirty-eight female) of the same sex and similar age (91% within two years) who were not obese (BMI, revision (42% compared with 11%, pHip Score had been 50.6 in the morbidly obese group and 48.8 in the nonobese group, and these scores improved significantly in both groups postoperatively (prevision total hip arthroplasty for periprosthetic joint infection. Copyright © 2015 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated.

  11. A Pilot Study of Augmented Reality Technology Applied to the Acetabular Cup Placement During Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogawa, Hiroyuki; Hasegawa, Seiichirou; Tsukada, Sachiyuki; Matsubara, Masaaki

    2018-02-05

    We developed an acetabular cup placement device, the AR-HIP system, using augmented reality (AR). The AR-HIP system allows the surgeon to view an acetabular cup image superimposed in the surgical field through a smartphone. The smartphone also shows the placement angle of the acetabular cup. This preliminary study was performed to assess the accuracy of the AR-HIP system for acetabular cup placement during total hip arthroplasty (THA). We prospectively measured the placement angles using both a goniometer and AR-HIP system in 56 hips of 54 patients undergoing primary THA. We randomly determined the order of intraoperative measurement using the 2 devices. At 3 months after THA, the placement angle of the acetabular cup was measured on computed tomography images. The primary outcome was the absolute value of the difference between intraoperative and postoperative computed tomography measurements. The measurement angle using AR-HIP was significantly more accurate in terms of radiographic anteversion than that using a goniometer (2.7° vs 6.8°, respectively; mean difference 4.1°; 95% confidence interval, 3.0-5.2; P < .0001). There was no statistically significant difference in terms of radiographic inclination (2.1° vs 2.6°; mean difference 0.5°; 95% confidence interval, -1.1 to 0.1; P = .13). In this pilot study, the AR-HIP system provided more accurate information regarding acetabular cup placement angle than the conventional method. Further studies are required to confirm the utility of the AR-HIP system as a navigation tool. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  12. Long-Term Results of Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty With Subtrochanteric Shortening Osteotomy in Crowe Type IV Developmental Dysplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Duan; Li, Ling-Li; Wang, Hao-Yang; Pei, Fu-Xing; Zhou, Zong-Ke

    2017-04-01

    When surgeons reconstruct hips with a high dislocation related to severe developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in total hip arthroplasty (THA), archiving long-term stable implant fixation and improving patient function and satisfaction remain challenging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 10-year outcomes of transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy in cementless, modular THA in Crowe type IV-Hartofilakidis type III DDH. We reviewed 62 patients (76 hips) who underwent cementless THA with transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy from 2002-2010. There were 49 women and 13 men with a mean age of 38.8 years, all of whom had Crowe type IV DDH. Mean follow-up period was 10 years. The acetabular cup was implanted in placement of the anatomical hip center in all hips. The mean Harris Hip Score significantly improved from 38.8 points to 86.1 points. Similarly, modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel Hip Score, Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, and SF-12 also significantly improved. The mean limb length discrepancy was reduced from 4.3 cm to 1.0 cm. At mean follow-up of 10 years, there were 3 cases of postoperative dislocation, 2 cases of transient nerve palsy, 1 case of nonunion, and 4 cases of intraoperative fracture. Revision surgery was performed in 2 patients due to isolated loosening of acetabular component and femoral stem, respectively. Our data demonstrated that the cementless, modular THA combined with transverse subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy was an effective and reliable technique with high rates of successful fixation of the implants and satisfactory clinical outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. High Early Major Complication Rate After Revision for Mechanically Assisted Crevice Corrosion in Metal-on-Polyethylene Total Hip Arthroplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrory, Brian J; Jorgensen, Anna H

    2017-12-01

    Failed total hip arthroplasty caused by mechanically assisted crevice corrosion (MACC) has serious consequences such as adverse local tissue reaction. Revision is currently indicated for significant hip pain, stiffness, and dysfunction; hip instability; progressive bone loss; and soft tissue destruction. Outcomes of this revision surgery are not yet completely understood. We examined the surgical outcomes at a minimum of 6 months (average, 25; range, 7-68 months) in a cohort of 27 consecutive patients who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty for MACC associated with a single implant vendor and taper type. Major orthopedic complications occurred in 7 of 27 patients (25.9%), each after the original revision surgery. Five additional major complications occurred in subsequent surgeries. Postoperative hip dislocation occurred in 6 of 27 (22.2%), deep infection occurred in 3 of 27 (11.1%), and aseptic acetabular loosening, seroma requiring irrigation and debridement, pulmonary embolism, periprosthetic fracture, and reintubation each occurred in 1 of 27 (3.7%). Harris hip scores improved significantly with surgery (P = .0002), but overall, scores were lower for those who had major complications (70.9 vs 89.2), and only 20 of 27 patients (74.1%) had good or excellent outcomes. Symptomatic MACC is a potentially devastating diagnosis, because of decreased soft tissue and bone viability associated with adverse local tissue reaction. This leads to a high early major complication rate. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Danish survey of acetabular component positioning practice during primary total hip arthroplasty

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cotong, Dana; Troelsen, Anders; Husted, Henrik

    2017-01-01

    questions on optimal component positioning, surgical practice patterns in primary THA, indications and surgical techniques used in revision THA. RESULTS: A total of 42 questionnaires were collected, two were excluded, leaving 40 for analyses. 97% of the surgeons reported an optimum cup anteversion within...... the Lewinnek and Callanan "safe zones", whereas 97% and 83% reported optimum cup inclination within the Lewinnek and Callanan "safe zones", respectively. The reported range for optimal cup positioning varied from 30-55 degrees of inclination and 15-30 degrees of anteversion. The minimum and max-imum accepted...... cup inclination and anteversion within the Lewinnek "safe zone" was 68% and 67%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hip surgeons agree that optimum cup po-sitioning should lie within the Lewinnek "safe zone", but they do not agree on the exact optimal cup positioning with respect to inclination...