WorldWideScience

Sample records for ali

  1. Tibet's Ali: Asia's Atacama?

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Quan-Zhi; Su, Meng; Li, Hong; Zhang, Xinmin

    2015-01-01

    The Ngari (Ali) prefecture of Tibet, one of the highest areas in the world, has recently emerged as a promising site for future astronomical observation. Here we use 31 years of reanalysis data from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) to examine the astroclimatology of Ngari, using the recently-erected Ali Observatory at Shiquanhe (5~047~m above mean sea level) as the representative site. We find the percentage of photometric night, median atmospheric seeing and median precipitable ...

  2. ALIS deployment in Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Motoyuki; Takahashi, Kazunori

    2012-06-01

    Dual sensor is one of the most promising sensors for humanitarian demining operations. Conventional landmine detection depends on highly trained and focused human operators manually sweeping 1m2 plots with a metal detector and listening for characteristic audio signals indicating the presence of AP (Anti-personnel) landmines. In order to reduce the time of plodding detected objects, metal detectors need to be combined with a complimentary subsurface imaging sensor. i.e., GPR(Ground Penetrating Radar). The demining application requires real-time imaging results with centimetre resolution in a highly portable package. We are currently testing a dual sensor ALIS which is a real-time sensor tracking system based on a CCD camera and image processing. In this paper we introduce ALIS systems which we have developed for detection of buried antipersonnel mines and small size explosives. The performance of ALIS has been tested in Cambodia since 2009. More than 80 anti-personnel mines have been detected and removed from local agricultural area. ALIS has cleared more than 70,000 m2 area and returned it to local farmers.

  3. Tibet's Ali: Asia's Atacama?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Quan-Zhi; Su, Meng; Li, Hong; Zhang, Xinmin

    2016-03-01

    The Ngari (Ali) prefecture of Tibet, one of the highest areas in the world, has recently emerged as a promising site for future astronomical observation. Here, we use 31 yr of reanalysis data from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis to examine the astroclimatology of Ngari, using the recently-erected Ali Observatory at Shiquanhe (5047 m above mean sea level) as the representative site. We find the percentage of photometric night, median atmospheric seeing and median precipitable water vapour of the Shiquanhe site to be 57 per cent, 0.8 arcsec and 2.5 mm, comparable some of the world's best astronomical observatories. Additional calculation supports the Shiquanhe region as one of the better sites for astronomical observations over the Tibetan Plateau. Based on the studies taken at comparable environment at Atacama, extraordinary observing condition may be possible at the few vehicle-accessible 6000 m heights in the Shiquanhe region. Such possibility should be thoroughly investigated in future.

  4. Tibet's Ali: Asia's Atacama?

    CERN Document Server

    Ye, Quan-Zhi; Li, Hong; Zhang, Xinmin

    2015-01-01

    The Ngari (Ali) prefecture of Tibet, one of the highest areas in the world, has recently emerged as a promising site for future astronomical observation. Here we use 31 years of reanalysis data from the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) to examine the astroclimatology of Ngari, using the recently-erected Ali Observatory at Shiquanhe (5~047~m above mean sea level) as the representative site. We find the percentage of photometric night, median atmospheric seeing and median precipitable water vapor (PWV) of the Shiquanhe site to be $57\\%$, $0.8"$ and 2.5~mm, comparable some of the world's best astronomical observatories. Additional calculation supports the Shiquanhe region as one of the better sites for astronomical observations over the Tibetan Plateau. Based on the studies taken at comparable environment at Atacama, extraordinary observing condition may be possible at the few vehicle-accessible 6~000~m heights in the Shiquanhe region. Such possibility should be thoroughly investigated in future.

  5. AliPDU Package Upgrade

    CERN Document Server

    "Martin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    "AliPDU Package" is a set of script, panels, and datapoints designed in WinCC to manage and monitor PDU's. PDU is an essential component in the data center, in order to make data center working properly through the monitoring of power distribution and environmental condition of the data center. In this project "AliPDU Package" is upgraded so it can be used to monitor environmental condition of data center using PDU's and external environmental sensor connected to PDU.

  6. AliPDU Package Upgrade

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Michael

    2015-01-01

    AliPDU Package is a set of script, panels, and datapoints designed in WinCC to manage and monitor PDU's. PDU is an essential component in the data center, in order to make data center working properly through the monitoring of power distribution and environmental condition of the data center. In this project "AliPDU Package" is upgraded so it can be used to monitor environmental condition of data center using PDU's and external environmental sensor connected to PDU.

  7. AliEn - EDG Interoperability in ALICE

    OpenAIRE

    Bagnasco, S.; Barbera, R.(Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell’Università and Sezione INFN, Catania, Italy); Buncic, P.; Carminati, F.; Cerello, P.(Sezione INFN, Turin, Italy); Saiz, P.

    2003-01-01

    AliEn (ALICE Environment) is a GRID-like system for large scale job submission and distributed data management developed and used in the context of ALICE, the CERN LHC heavy-ion experiment. With the aim of exploiting upcoming Grid resources to run AliEn-managed jobs and store the produced data, the problem of AliEn-EDG interoperability was addressed and an in-terface was designed. One or more EDG (European Data Grid) User Interface machines run the AliEn software suite (Cluster Monitor, Stora...

  8. Entretien avec Ali Ben Makhlouf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Ali Benmakhlouf est actuellement maître de conférences à l’Université de Paris-X Nanterre. Spécialiste de logique et des œuvres de Frege, Russel et Whitehead, il est par ailleurs depuis dix ans la cheville ouvrière de la convention passée entre la Fondation du Roi Abdul Aziz pour les études islamiques et les sciences humaines (Casablanca et le Collège international de Philosophie (Paris. Cinq volumes, publiés par les éditions Le Fennec en français et en arabe, témoignent de cet échange : La Raison et la question des limites (1997, Routes et déroutes de l’universel (1998, Le voyage des théories (2000, Tout est-il relatif ? (2001 et Droit et participation politique (20021. L’entretien qu’il a accordé à Asterion met en évidence les enjeux d’un tel travail commun pour la philosophie et sa pratique.

  9. Surfactant Therapy of ALI and ARDS

    OpenAIRE

    Raghavendran, K; Willson, D; Notter, RH

    2011-01-01

    This article examines exogenous lung surfactant replacement therapy and its utility in mitigating clinical acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Biophysical research has documented that lung surfactant dysfunction can be reversed or mitigated by increasing surfactant concentration, and multiple studies in animals with ALI/ARDS have shown that respiratory function and pulmonary mechanics in vivo can be improved by exogenous surfactant administration. Exoge...

  10. ALIED: A Theory of Lie Detection

    OpenAIRE

    Street, Chris N. H.

    2016-01-01

    We are very inaccurate lie detectors, and tend to believe what others tell us is the truth more often than we ought to. In fact, studies on lie detection typically describe our tendency to believe others as an error in judgment. Although people may look like hopeless lie detectors, the Adaptive Lie Detector theory (ALIED) claims that people are actually making smart, informed judgments. This article explores the ALIED theory and what it means for those wanting to spot a liar.

  11. ALIED: A Theory of Lie Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris N. H. Street

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available We are very inaccurate lie detectors, and tend to believe what others tell us is the truth more often than we ought to. In fact, studies on lie detection typically describe our tendency to believe others as an error in judgment. Although people may look like hopeless lie detectors, the Adaptive Lie Detector theory (ALIED claims that people are actually making smart, informed judgments. This article explores the ALIED theory and what it means for those wanting to spot a liar.

  12. POMEMBNOST PRI REVIDIRANJU, IZGOVOR ALI DEJSTVO?

    OpenAIRE

    Šobernik, Sara

    2015-01-01

    V procesu revizije mora revizor podati mnenje, ali so računovodski izkazi v vseh pomembnih pogledih pripravljeni v skladu s primernim okvirom računovodskega poročanja. Da lahko revizor izrazi to mnenje, mora pridobiti sprejemljivo zagotovilo, da računovodski izkazi kot celota ne vsebujejo pomembno napačne navedbe zaradi prevare ali napake. Revizor mora za pridobitev zagotovila v fazi načrtovanja revizije opredeliti pomembnost pri revidiranju, katere izračun pa z Mednarodnimi standardi revidir...

  13. AliEnFS - a Linux File System for the AliEn Grid Services

    OpenAIRE

    Peters, Andreas J.; Saiz, P.; Buncic, P.

    2003-01-01

    Among the services offered by the AliEn (ALICE Environment http://alien.cern.ch) Grid framework there is a virtual file catalogue to allow transparent access to distributed data-sets using various file transfer protocols. $alienfs$ (AliEn File System) integrates the AliEn file catalogue as a new file system type into the Linux kernel using LUFS, a hybrid user space file system framework (Open Source http://lufs.sourceforge.net). LUFS uses a special kernel interface level called VFS (Virtual F...

  14. Analysis list: aly-2 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available aly-2 Larvae + ce10 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/target/aly-2.1....tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/target/aly-2.5.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/target/al...y-2.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/colo/aly-2.Larvae.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/ce10/colo/Larvae.gml ...

  15. AliEn: ALICE environment on the GRID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Starting from mid-2008, the ALICE detector at CERN LHC will collect data at a rate of 4PB per year. ALICE will use exclusively distributed Grid resources to store, process and analyse this data. The top-level management of the Grid resources is done through the AliEn (ALICE Environment) system, which is in continuous development since year 2000. AliEn presents several original solutions, which have shown their viability in a number of large exercises of increasing complexity called Data Challenges. This paper describes the AliEn architecture: Job Management, Data Management and UI. The current status of AliEn will be illustrated, as well as the performance of the system during the data challenges. The paper also describes the future AliEn development roadmap

  16. AliEn: ALICE Environment on the GRID

    CERN Multimedia

    Bagnasco, S; Buncic, P; Carminati, F; Cirstoiu, C; Grigoras, C; Hayrapetyan, A; Harutyunyan, A; Peters, A J; Saiz, P

    2007-01-01

    Starting from mid-2008, the ALICE detector at CERN LHC will collect data at a rate of 4PB per year. ALICE will use exclusively distributed Grid resources to store, process and analyse this data. The top-level management of the Grid resources is done through the AliEn (ALICE Environment) system, which is in continuous development since year 2000. AliEn presents several original solutions, which have shown their viability in a number of large exercises of increasing complexity called Data Challenges. This paper describes the AliEn architecture: Job Management, Data Management and UI. The current status of AliEn will be illustrated, as well as the performance of the system during the data challenges. The paper also describes the future AliEn development roadmap.

  17. Šalies ženklas ir jo emocinis elementas

    OpenAIRE

    Grimalauskaitė, Monika

    2014-01-01

    Magistrinio darbo tikslas – ištirti šalį kaip turizmo prekinį ženklą, pabrėžiant emocinio elemento svarbą. Šalies ženklas yra šalies prekinis ženklas, priklausantis vietovės ženklų grupei. Šalies ženklas skiriasi nuo kitų prekinių ženklų ir pasižymi: ilgaamžiškumu, globalumu, funkcionalumu, socialumu, daugialypiškumu, substitucionalumu, emocionalumu, yra suvokiamas kaip „mados aksesuaras. Dėl nuolat vykstančių ekonominių, socialinių bei politinių pakitimų, šalies ženklas turi būti atnaujinama...

  18. AliEn: ALICE Environment on the GRID

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    AliEn is the GRID middleware used by the ALICE collaboration. It provides all the components that are needed to manage the distributed resources. AliEn is used for all the computing workflows of the experiment: Montecarlo production, data replication and reconstruction and organixed or chaotic user analysis. Moreover, AliEn is also being used by other experiments like PANDA and CBM. The main components of AliEn are a centralized file and metadata catalogue, a job execution model and file replication model. These three components have been evolving over the last 10 years to make sure that the satisfy the computing requirements of the experiment, which keep increasing every year.

  19. Evaluation test of ALIS in Cambodia for humanitarian demining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Motoyuki

    2010-04-01

    ALIS is a hand-held dual sensor developed by Tohoku University, Japan since 2002. Dual sensor is a general name of sensor for humanitarian demining, which are equipped with metal detector and GPR. ALIS is only one hand-held dual sensor, which can record the sensor position with sensor signals. Therefore, the data can be processed after data acquisition, and can increase the imaging capability. ALIS has been tested in some mine affected courtiers including Afghanistan (2004), Egypt(2005), Croatia(2006-) and Cambodia(2007-). Mine fields at each country has different conditions and soil types. Therefore testes at the real mine fields are very important. ALIS has detected more than 30 AP-Mines in evaluation test in Cambodia held in 2009.

  20. AliEn - ALICE environment on the GRID

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AliEn (http://alien.cern.ch) (ALICE Environment) is a Grid framework built on top of the latest Internet standards for information exchange and authentication (SOAP, PKI) and common Open Source components. AliEn provides a virtual file catalogue that allows transparent access to distributed datasets and a number of collaborating Web services which implement the authentication, job execution, file transport, performance monitor and event logging. In the paper we will present the architecture and components of the system

  1. Site Protection Program and Progress Report of Ali Observatory, Tibet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yongqiang; Zhou, Yunhe; Wang, Xiaohua; He, Jun; Zhou, Shu

    2015-08-01

    The Ali observatory, Tibet, is a promising new site identified through ten year site survey over west China, and it is of significance to establish rules of site protection during site development. The site protection program is described with five aspects: site monitoring, technical support, local government support, specific organization, and public education. The long-term sky brightness monitoring is ready with site testing instruments and basic for light pollution measurement; the monitoring also includes directions of main light sources, providing periodical reports and suggestions for coordinating meetings. The technical supports with institutes and manufacturers help to publish lighting standards and replace light fixtures; the research pays special attention to the blue-rich sources, which impact the important application of high altitude sites. An official leading group towards development and protection of astronomical resources has been established by Ali government; one of its tasks is to issue regulations against light pollution, including special restrictions of airport, mine, and winter heating, and to supervise lighting inspection and rectification. A site protection office under the official group and local astronomical society are organized by Ali observatory; the office can coordinate in government levels and promote related activities. A specific website operated by the protection office releases activity propaganda, evaluation results, and technical comparison with other observatories. Both the site protection office and Ali observatory take responsibility for public education, including popular science lectures, light pollution and energy conservation education. Ali Night Sky Park has been constructed and opens in 2014, and provides a popular place and observational experience. The establishment of Ali Observatory and Night Sky Park brings unexpected social influence, and the starry sky trip to Ali becomes a new format of culture

  2. AliEn - GRID application for ALICE Collaboration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AliEn (ALICE Environment) is a GRID framework built on top of the latest Internet standards for information exchange and authentication (SOAP, PKI) and common Open Source components. AliEn provides a virtual file catalogue that allows transparent access to distributed data-sets and a number of collaborating Web services which implement the authentication, job execution, file transport, performance monitor and event logging.The ALICE experiment has developed AliEn as an implementation of distributed computing infrastructure needed to simulate, reconstruct and analyze data from the experiment. The sites that belong to the ALICE Virtual Organisation can be seen and used as a single entity - any available node executes jobs and access to logical and datasets is transparent to the user. In developing AliEn common standards and solutions in the form of Open Source components were used. Only 1% (25k physical lines of code in Perl) is native AliEn code while 99% of the code has been imported in form of Open Sources packages and Perl modules. Currently ALICE is using the system for distributed production of Monte Carlo data at over 30 sites on four continents. During the last twelve months more than 30,000 jobs have been successfully run under AliEn control worldwide, totalling 25 CPU years and producing 20 TB of data. The user interface is compatible to EU DataGrid at the level of authentication and job description language. In perspective AliEn will be interfaced to the mainstream Grid infrastructure in HEP and it will remain to serve as interface between ALICE Offline framework and external Grid infrastructure. (authors)

  3. The AliEn system, status and perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Buncic, P.; Saiz, P.; Peters, A J

    2003-01-01

    AliEn is a production environment that implements several components of the Grid paradigm needed to simulate, reconstruct and analyse HEP data in a distributed way. The system is built around Open Source components, uses the Web Services model and standard network protocols to implement the computing platform that is currently being used to produce and analyse Monte Carlo data at over 30 sites on four continents. The aim of this paper is to present the current AliEn architecture and outline i...

  4. CO-BRANDING ALI PARTNERSKO POVEZOVANJE BLAGOVNIH ZNAMK

    OpenAIRE

    Rojko, Jasmina

    2011-01-01

    Podjetja si nenehno prizadevajo krepiti in večati moč ter vrednost svoje blagovne znamke, saj si s tem zagotavljajo konkurenčne prednosti. Dober ugled blagovne znamke lahko oblikujemo z vrsto različnih trženjskih strategij, v diplomski nalogi pa bomo predstavili eno izmed njih. Co-branding ali partnersko povezovanje blagovnih znamk je v Sloveniji relativno nov pojem. Opredelimo ga kot povezavo dveh ali več blagovnih znamk, ki se sklene z namenom premišljene in strateške nadgradnje intereso...

  5. Darbo sutarties nutraukimas šalių susitarimu

    OpenAIRE

    Volkavičiūtė, Indrė

    2014-01-01

    Magistro darbe analizuojamas darbo sutarties nutraukimo pagrindas esant šalių susitarimui, remiamasi ne tik darbo teisės teorija, bet ir teismų praktikos pavyzdžiais, bei lyginama su užsienio valstybių įstatymais. Pirmojoje magistro darbo dalyje, lyginamos Lietuvos Tarybų socialistinės Respublikos darbo įstatymų kodekso, Lietuvos Respublikos darbo sutarties įstatymo bei dabartinio Lietuvos Respublikos darbo kodekso normos reglamentuojančios darbo sutarties nutraukimą šalių susitarimu. 2003 m....

  6. Izraba alternativnih energij: etično ali ne?

    OpenAIRE

    Brodnjak, Tadeja

    2014-01-01

    Diplomska naloga predstavlja različne načine izrabe alternativnih virov nekoč in danes. Drugo poglavje opredeljuje alternativne vire in njihove možnosti uporabe na praktičnih primerih. Sledimo v opredeljevanje celotne skupine alternativnih obnovljivih virov, kot so sončna energija, vodna energija, raba biomase in geotermalne energije. V tretjem poglavju se lotimo vprašanja, ali je ravnanje ljudi z energetskimi viri etično ali ne, saj se moramo zavedati, da smo ljudje največji sovražniki na...

  7. Improved performance of QCD code on ALiCE

    CERN Document Server

    Sroczynski, Z

    2003-01-01

    We present results for the performance of QCD code on ALiCE, the Alpha-Linux Cluster Engine at Wuppertal. We describe the techniques employed to optimise the code, including the metaprogramming of assembler kernels, the effects of data layout and an investigation into the overheads incurred by the communication.

  8. Suurajatolla Ali al-Sistani saabus Najaffi / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2004-01-01

    Mässulise shiiidivaimuliku Moqtada al-Sadri Mahdi armee võitlejad on pidanud Najafis USA vägedega lahinguid juba kolm nädalat. Iraagi kõrgeim shiiiavaimulik suurajatolla Ali al-Sistani kutsub kõiki iraaklasi endaga Najaffi marssima, et lahingutele lõpp teha

  9. Enhancing the AliEn Web Service Authentication

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Web Services are an XML based technology that allow applications to communicate with each other across disparate systems. Web Services are becoming the de facto standard that enable inter operability between heterogeneous processes and systems. AliEn2 is a grid environment based on web services. The AliEn2 services can be divided in three categories: Central services, deployed once per organization; Site services, deployed on each of the participating centers; Job Agents running on the worker nodes automatically. A security model to protect these services is essential for the whole system. Current implementations of web server, such as Apache, are not suitable to be used within the grid environment. Apache with the modssl and OpenSSL only supports the X.509 certificates. But in the grid environment, the common credential is the proxy certificate for the purpose of providing restricted proxy and delegation. An Authentication framework was taken for AliEn2 web services to add the ability to accept X.509 certificates and proxy certificates from client-side to Apache Web Server. The authentication framework could also allow the generation of access control policies to limit access to the AliEn2 web services.

  10. Exhaled breath analysis discriminates phenotypes of acute lung injury (ALI)

    OpenAIRE

    Bos, L.D.J.; Hemmes, S.N.T.; Nijsen, T.M.E.; P. J. Sterk; Schultz, M.J

    2012-01-01

    Introduction It has been postulated that the pathophysiology and clinical presentation of ALI based on pulmonary and non-pulmonary etiology represent different phenotypes1. Until now, little biological evidence on the molecular level has been presented to support this hypothesis. Exhaled air contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs), metabolites of systemic or respiratory origin. Exhaled air metabolites may differ between diseases2. Molecular profiling of exhaled air of intubated and mechani...

  11. Peran Mukti Ali dalam Pengembangan Toleransi Antar Agama di Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairah Husin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Agama sebagai sasaran kajian penelitian sudah banyak dilakukan oleh para sarjana disiplin ilmu. Mereka melakukan penelitian terhadap berbagai aspek dari agama, baik aspek ide maupun aspek perwujudan dalam kenyataan. Dimulai dari keyakinan dan ajaran yang dimiliki oleh suatu agama hingga pengaruh agama pada kehidupan masyarakat pemeluk agama tersebut. Kalau yang dimaksud metode dalam ilmu perbandingan agama adalah cara untuk memperoleh dan mamahami kebenaran agama dari realitas empiris, atau lebih tepatnya “kebenaran ilmiah agamis”, maka pendekatan tiada lain adalah suatu sikap ilmiah (persepsi dari seorang yang harus ditunjukkan untuk menemukan kebenaran ilmiah yang hendak diperoleh. Dengan demikian pendekatan sifatnya umum. Dalan suatu pendekatan tertentu dapat digunakan bermacammacam metode, umpamanya seorang Sosiolog akan mengkaji agama pasti akan menerapkan pendekatan metode-metode sosiologis. Begitu pula Sejarawan, Antropolog, Fenomenolog, dan lain-lain akan menerapkan pendekatan dan metode sesuai dengan latar belakang keahliannya. Maka sasaran ideal dari beberapa pendekatan adalah memperoleh interelasi yang sistematis dari fakta-fakta agama, dan bertujuan untuk mencari jawaban tentang fakta-fakta tersebut dengan menggunakan kesangsian sistematis. Pendekatan keilmuan dalam meneliti agama mencoba mendeskripsikan dunia pemeluk agama secara apa adanya (das sein, bukan didasarkan semestinya secara normatif (das sollen. Dengan demikian, pendekatan keilmuan yang empiris ini menggunakan dan mengadaptasi pendekatanpendekatan ilmu-ilmu sosial dan budaya. Dari sekian tokoh ilmu Perbandingan Agama, kebanyakan dari mereka merupakan ilmuwan Barat. Namun demikian ada juga beberapa tokoh perbandingan agama dari duni Islam, antara lain adalah Prof. Dr. H.A. Mukti Ali, Ibnu Hazm dan As-Syahrastani. Sementara Ibnu Hazm Al Andalusy dan As-Syahrastani merupakan tokoh-tokoh Perbaga Muslim dari zaman klasik – zaman ketika Perbaga belum terbentuk sebagai

  12. Muhammad Ali's Fighting Words: The Paradox of Violence in Nonviolent Rhetoric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorsevski, Ellen W.; Butterworth, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    While Muhammad Ali has been the subject of countless articles and books written by sports historians and journalists, rhetorical scholars have largely ignored him. This oversight is surprising given both the tradition of social movement scholarship within rhetorical studies and Ali's influential eloquence as a world renowned celebrity espousing…

  13. Dynamic virtual AliEn Grid sites on Nimbus with CernVM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the work on enabling one click deployment of Grid sites of AliEn Grid framework on the Nimbus 'science cloud' at the University of Chicago. The integration of computing resources of the cloud with the resource pool of AliEn Grid is achieved by leveraging two mechanisms: the Nimbus Context Broker developed at Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago, and CernVM - a baseline virtual software appliance for LHC experiments developed at CERN. Two approaches of dynamic virtual AliEn Grid site deployment are presented.

  14. The similarity of Ali (as and Jesus (PBUH in Islamic tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorush Ghanbari

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to the teachings of the Shia, Imam Ali (AS has unique features by which he earned the merits of becoming the successor to the Prophet (pbuh as the Imam and Wali. One of the most important of his features is his similarity to the Jesus as one of the greatest prophets before Prophet Muhammad (pbuh. This similarity was first mentioned in some Islamic traditions, especially the ones narrated through Shiite Isnad in interpretation of the verses 57-59 of the Surta Az-Zukhruf. In these traditions, the Prophet has regarded the Position of Imam Ali (AS in his nation the same as Jesus's Position among the Israel. The Quran has cited the inimical arguments of the Arab infidels against this prophet's saying: they considered the worshiping of their own gods better than accepting Prophet's remark in equating his cousin with Jesus (pbuh. By resorting to this remark, the infidels regarded worshiping their own gods more preferable than deifying a man. Therefore, the first and most prominent similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (pbuh is attributing divinity to Imam Ali (AS, at least by some of his extreme lovers. The Quranic command saying: "Do not Exaggerate about your religion… .(Quran 4:17 refers to the Christian extremism in deifying Jesus, But soon word Ghali was borrowed from this verse and used to refer to Shiite extremists. Moreover, the Quran (4: 159, talks about the advent of Jesus Christ to his followers before their death .The same concept has been mentioned in Shiite traditions about Imam Ali (AS, according to which, he is believed to be present beside every dying Muslim individual. This appearance of Imam Ali (AS would remind us the idea of Imam Ali's (AS return to this world. Thus, the return of Imam Ali (AS to this world is the third similarity between Imam Ali (AS and Jesus Christ (PBUH. Not only the return of Jesus has been mentioned in in the Christian tradition as the one manifested to the apostles after his ascension

  15. Aerosolized prostacyclin for acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Brok, Jesper; Møller, Ann;

    2010-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are critical conditions that are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Aerosolized prostacyclin has been used to improve oxygenation despite the limited evidence available so far....

  16. Aerosolized prostacyclin for acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Afshari, Arash; Brok, Jesper; Møller, Ann;

    2010-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are critical conditions that are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Aerosolized prostacyclin has been used to improve oxygenation despite the limited evidence available so far.......Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are critical conditions that are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Aerosolized prostacyclin has been used to improve oxygenation despite the limited evidence available so far....

  17. ASTER, ALI and Hyperion sensors data for lithological mapping and ore minerals exploration

    OpenAIRE

    Beiranvand Pour, Amin; Hashim, Mazlan

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a review of the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), Advanced Land Imager (ALI), and Hyperion data and applications of the data as a tool for ore minerals exploration, lithological and structural mapping. Spectral information extraction from ASTER, ALI, and Hyperion data has great ability to assist geologists in all disciplines to map the distribution and detect the rock units exposed at the earth’s surface. The near coincidence of Earth ...

  18. Preliminary studies on the extraction of Glycospanonins in Tongkat Ali extract

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abirame, S.; Sivakumar, K.; Chua, L. S.; Sarmidi, M. R.

    2016-06-01

    Eurycoma longifolia, locally known as Tongkat Ali, is a famous medicinal plant in the family of Simaroubaceae and well known for its aphrodisiac properties from its water extract. The root of E. longifolia is used to extract wide range bioactive components of Tongkat Ali. Previous works standardised Tongkat Ali extracts by measuring the concentration of eurycomanone, a quassinoid marker chemical, within the overall extract. There is a newer Malaysian standard that specifies that Tongkat Ali can be standardised to glycosaponin, thus it is desired to determine how extraction parameters such as particle size, extraction temperature, and solvent type affects the glycosaponin content in the extract. The overall study is aimed to determine how the extraction parameters affect the glycosaponin amount in extract. This paper presents the preliminary work where in this study the effect of particle size on overall extract and glycosaponin quantification method development is presented. A reflux extraction method was used to extract Tongkat Ali with a particle size of 0.5 mm, 1.0 mm and 2.0 mm of raw material to study effect of particle size on overall extract. Water and methanol were the two types of solvent used for extraction to study the quantity of glycosaponin.

  19. Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS): the mechanism, present strategies and future perspectives of therapies

    OpenAIRE

    Luh, Shi-Ping; Chiang, Chi-huei

    2006-01-01

    Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS), which manifests as non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, respiratory distress and hypoxemia, could be resulted from various processes that directly or indirectly injure the lung. Extensive investigations in experimental models and humans with ALI/ARDS have revealed many molecular mechanisms that offer therapeutic opportunities for cell or gene therapy. Herein the present strategies and future perspectives of the treatment for ALI/AR...

  20. Upright position mechanical ventilation: an alternative strategy for ALI/ARDS patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Min; Zhang, Wei; Wang, Jia-Ning; Yan, Hua; Li, Yang-Kai; Ai, Bo; Fu, Sheng-Lin; Fu, Xiang-Ning

    2009-11-01

    Use of body positioning to improve oxygenation in mechanically ventilated patients with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been well documented. However, neither prone position ventilation nor side lying ventilation has been reported to improve the survival. Whether there is a body position superior to routine supine position or other positions as therapeutic adjunct for ventilated patients with ALI and ARDS? We propose the hypothesis that upright position ventilation may be helpful to improve oxygenation and benefit patients with ALI/ARDS. According to the existing physiologic and pathophysiologic data of upright position investigation, we suppose that improvement of V/Q matching, increased functional residual capacity, alveolar recruitment, accelerated diaphragm recovery, early gastric emptying and enteric feeding may be a potential protect mechanism of upright position ventilation. Whether this can be translated into improvement in patient outcome should be further tested in clinical trial. PMID:19683402

  1. ALIS: An efficient method to compute high spectral resolution polarized solar radiances using the Monte Carlo approach

    OpenAIRE

    Emde, Claudia; Buras, Robert; Mayer, Bernhard

    2011-01-01

    An efficientmethodtocomputeaccuratepolarizedsolarradiancespectrausingthe(3D) MonteCarlomodelMYSTIChasbeendeveloped.Suchhighresolutionspectraare measuredbyvarioussatelliteinstrumentsforremotesensingofatmospherictrace gases.ALIS(AbsorptionLinesImportanceSampling)allowsthecalculationofspectraby tracingphotonsatonlyonewavelength.Inordertotakeintoaccountthespectral dependenceoftheabsorptioncoefficientaspectralabsorptionweightiscalculatedfor each photonpath.Ateachscatteringeventth...

  2. A forgotten Ottoman composer: Ali Şîrûganî Dede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Emin Soydaş

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Although being one of the major composers of religious music in the Ottoman era, Ali Şîrûganî Dede, who was famous throughout his life as well as afterwards, is not known nowadays much well as he deserves. In this article Ali Şîrûganî Dede is introduced and information is given on his musicianship and his works, while his situation in the history of Ottoman music is pointed out and especially his importance with regard to religious music is emphasized. Some new information about the subject is also presented within this work.

  3. PRENOVA PROCESA UVAJANJA NOVEGA MODELA ALI TIPA IZDELKA DO FAZE PRIPRAVE NA PROIZVODNJO

    OpenAIRE

    Gavez, Alenka

    2012-01-01

    V Gorenju, d. d., uvajanje novih modelov ali tipov izdelkov upravljamo s procesom Osvajanje izvedenk. Pri tem procesu gre za osvajanje novega modela ali tipa že obstoječega izdelka in ga vedno začnemo v Trženju. Ugotovili smo, da procesa osvajanja novih izvedenk že vrsto let nismo bistveno spremenili, kljub temu da se je v zadnjih letih močno spremenila informacijska tehnologija. Proces še vedno poteka zelo sekvenčno, zaradi česar imamo precej čakalnih časov, informacije niso vedno dovolj ...

  4. Permanentnost primitivne akumulacije, ali: o privatni lastnini, komodifikaciji in povratku rente:

    OpenAIRE

    Jernej Prodnik

    2011-01-01

    Namen teksta je prispevati k razumevanju ideje o skupnem v obstoječih zgodovinskih okvirih. Avtor opozarja na množico pomenov, ki jih je potrebno vzeti v ozir, ko poizkušamo konceptualizirati skupno, vsaj če ga hočemo razumeti kar se le da celovito. Tega koncepta namreč nikakor ne smemo dojemati le v povezavi s skupnimi viri, področji ali dobrinami, torej v pomenu tega, kar se najpogosteje dojema za skupno posest ali skupno »lastnino«. Skupno je namreč v prvi vrsti koncept, ki ga je nemogoče ...

  5. Vakarų šalių knygų produkcija Vilniaus knygynuose

    OpenAIRE

    Rudytė, Živilė

    2009-01-01

    Magistro darbo objektas – knygų iš Vakarų šalių pasiūla Vilniaus knygynuose. Darbo tikslas – nustatyti, ar Vakarų šalių produkcija (kiekybiniu ir kokybiniu aspektu) atitinka Lietuvos knygų paklausą ir prekybos tendencijas ateityje. Pagrindiniai darbo uždaviniai: išskirti tarptautines knygų prekybos tendencijas; atlikti importuojamų knygų rinkos analizę; išskirti knygynų prekybos ypatumus; pateikti patikimesnes importinių knygų realizavimo kanalų schemas; pateikti knygynams galimus sprendimus,...

  6. Probing the origin of our universe through primordial gravitational waves by Ali CMB project

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Yi-Fu

    2016-01-01

    This is a research highlight invited by SCIENCE CHINA Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy. In this article we report the Ali project of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) observation, which is under design in Tibet of China. The scientific goal of this project will help us to probe the origin of our universe by detecting the primordial B-mode of CMB polarization to falsify various theoretical models of the very early universe in the future. We also estimate the forecast for the observational ability of the Ali project.

  7. Yefet ben 'Ali's commentary on the Hebrew text of the Book of Job I-X

    OpenAIRE

    Hussain, Haider Abbas

    1987-01-01

    This thesis is a critical edition of the Judeo-Arabic commentary on the Hebrew text of the Book of Job by one of the greatest Karaites of his age (second half of the tenth century A. D.), Yefet Ben 'Ali the Karaite. An examination of the photocopies and microfilms of the original Manuscripts of Yefet Ben 'Ali written in the XIth, XIV-XVIIth, XVth and XVIth centuries resulted in a delimitation of the number of chapters in this edition i.e. chapters I-X. None of the four...

  8. Transformations du concept d’aliénation. Hegel, Feuerbach, Marx

    OpenAIRE

    Fischbach, Franck

    2011-01-01

    Cet article examine les transformations du concept d’aliénation de Hegel à Marx en passant par Feuerbach. Il s’agit notamment de comprendre comment on passe d’un usage descriptif du concept chez Hegel à un usage critique avec Feuerbach, usage critique qui est ensuite resté l’usage dominant dans la philosophie sociale. On explique ensuite comment la conception feurbachienne de l’aliénation religieuse reste dépendante d’une théorie de la conscience que Marx rejette dans le geste même par lequel...

  9. ALI LAHKO V SLOVENSKEM PRAVNEM REDU GOVORIMO O PRAVICAH ŽIVALI?

    OpenAIRE

    Brežnik, Melita

    2012-01-01

    Pravice živali so v zadnjem času predmet številnih razprav. Povzročajo spore med zagovorniki dobrobiti živali, zagovorniki pravic živali ter ostalo družbo, ali bi živalim morali priznati pravice, če je odgovor pritrdilen, katere in kako jih vključiti v realnost. Ker so pravice živali zelo široka tema, sem se osredotočila na pravni sistem Slovenije. Izpostavila sem vprašanje: Ali lahko v slovenskem pravnem redu govorimo o pravicah živali? V diplomski nalogi sem obravnavala vprašanje iz filozo...

  10. Põhja-Küprose liider soovib isolatsiooni lõppemist / Mehmet Ali Talat ; interv. Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talat, Mehmet Ali

    2004-01-01

    Põhja-Küprose liidri väitel soovib türklaste kogukond diplomaatilise tunnustuse asemel isolatsiooni lõppemist. Intervjuus käsitletavad teemad: Küprose saare tulevik, liitumine Euroopa Liiduga, Türgi liitumine euroliiduga. Lisad: Kahe kogukonna - kreeklaste ja türklaste - vahel lõhestatud Küpros; Mehmet Ali Talat

  11. Deployment of dual-sensor ALIS for humanitarian demining in Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, M.; Takahashi, K.

    2013-06-01

    We are in the process of developing a high-resolution landmine scanning system "ALIS" which produces horizontal slices of the shallow subsurface for visualization of buried explosives and inert clutter. As many AP mines contain minimum amounts of metal, metal detectors need to be combined with a complimentary subsurface imaging sensor. Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is widely accepted for subsurface sensing in the fields of geology, archaeology and utility detection. The demining application requires real-time imaging results with centimetre resolution in a highly portable package. The key requirement for sharp images of the subsurface is the precise tracking of the geophysical sensor(s) during data collection. We should also notice that GPR system is a very wide band radar system, and equivalent to UWB radar, which has recently been developed for short-range high-accuracy radar. We are testing simplified but effective signal processing for imaging mines. We are currently testing a dual sensor ALIS which is a realtime sensor tracking system based on a CCD camera and image processing. In this paper we introduce the GPR systems which we have developed for detection of buried antipersonnel mines and small size explosives. ALIS has been deployed in Cambodia since 2009 and detected more than 70 mines in mine fields, and returned more than 13ha cleaned fields to local farmers. We also report the current status of ALIS in Cambodia.

  12. Simultaneous quantitation of six major quassinoids in Tongkat Ali dietary supplements by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Young Min; Jang, Moonhee; Kim, In Sook; Kim, Seung Hyun; Yoo, Hye Hyun

    2015-07-01

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) is one of the most popular traditional herbs in Southeast Asia and generally consumed as forms of dietary supplements, tea, or drink additives for coffee or energy beverages. In this study, the liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantitation of six major quassinoids of Tongkat Ali (eurycomanone, 13,21-dihydroeurycomanone, 13α(21)-epoxyeurycomanone, 14,15β-dihydroxyklaineanone, eurycomalactone, and longilactone) was developed and validated. Using the developed method, the content of the six quassinoids was measured in Tongkat Ali containing dietary supplement tablets or capsules, and the resulting data were used to confirm the presence of Tongkat Ali in those products. Among the six quassinoids, eurycomanone was the most abundant quassinoid in all samples tested. The developed method would be useful for the quality assessment of Tongkat Ali containing dietary supplements. PMID:25914245

  13. ASTER, ALI and Hyperion sensors data for lithological mapping and ore minerals exploration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beiranvand Pour, Amin; Hashim, Mazlan

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a review of the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), Advanced Land Imager (ALI), and Hyperion data and applications of the data as a tool for ore minerals exploration, lithological and structural mapping. Spectral information extraction from ASTER, ALI, and Hyperion data has great ability to assist geologists in all disciplines to map the distribution and detect the rock units exposed at the earth's surface. The near coincidence of Earth Observing System (EOS)/Terra and Earth Observing One (EO-1) platforms allows acquiring ASTER, ALI, and Hyperion imagery of the same ground areas, resulting accurate information for geological mapping applications especially in the reconnaissance stages of hydrothermal copper and gold exploration, chromite, magnetite, massive sulfide and uranium ore deposits, mineral components of soils and structural interpretation at both regional and district scales. Shortwave length infrared and thermal infrared bands of ASTER have sufficient spectral resolution to map fundamental absorptions of hydroxyl mineral groups and silica and carbonate minerals for regional mapping purposes. Ferric-iron bearing minerals can be discriminated using six unique wavelength bands of ALI spanning the visible and near infrared. Hyperion visible and near infrared bands (0.4 to 1.0 μm) and shortwave infrared bands (0.9 to 2.5 μm) allowed to produce image maps of iron oxide minerals, hydroxyl-bearing minerals, sulfates and carbonates in association with hydrothermal alteration assemblages, respectively. The techniques and achievements reviewed in the present paper can further introduce the efficacy of ASTER, ALI, and Hyperion data for future mineral and lithological mapping and exploration of the porphyry copper, epithermal gold, chromite, magnetite, massive sulfide and uranium ore deposits especially in arid and semi-arid territory. PMID:25674434

  14. PESANTREN AND MODERNITY IN INDONESIA: MA’HAD ALY OF KUNINGAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Didin Nurul Rosidin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia where the majority of the population is Muslims, pesantren that has thrived since the arrival of Islam to the shore of the archipelago is still out of the central field of the national educational system. As such, pesantren was and is forced to continually be aware with ongoing new educational developments in the country as the result of modernisation and globalisation. The foundation of Ma’had Aly is one of the ways taken by the pesantrens to response to the current developments within Muslim communities, to define or even maintain their central roles as well as to preserve their tradition in such a modernised and globalised Indonesia. By exploring the foundation of Ma’had Alys in Kuningan as a case study, this article closely elaborates how the pesantren world engages these processes both in their cirricular settings and practices and provides how it negotiates with the ongoing changes within its surrounding communities.

  15. Valstybė kaip ginčo šalis tarptautiniame komerciniame arbitraže

    OpenAIRE

    Petkutė, Jurgita

    2007-01-01

    Šiame magistro baigiamajame darbe analizuojamos valstybės kaip ginčo šalies tarptautiniame komerciniame arbitraže lemiamos teorinės ir praktinės problemos tiriant tarptautinio komercinio arbitražo, arbitražo šalių bei valstybės kaip ginčo šalies tarptautiniame komerciniame arbitraže sampratas. Taip pat analizuojamas galimas įpareigojimų sukūrimas, arbitražinio susitarimo nesudariusioms šalims, valstybės imuniteto tarptautiniame komerciniame arbitraže klausimai bei kiti arbitražo proceso, kuom...

  16. Effect of Tongkat Ali on stress hormones and psychological mood state in moderately stressed subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Talbott, Shawn M.; Talbott, Julie A; George, Annie; Pugh, Mike

    2013-01-01

    Background Eurycoma longifolia is a medicinal plant commonly called tongkat ali (TA) and “Malaysian ginseng.” TA roots are a traditional “anti-aging” remedy and modern supplements are intended to improve libido, energy, sports performance and weight loss. Previous studies have shown properly-standardized TA to stimulate release of free testosterone, improve sex drive, reduce fatigue, and improve well-being. Methods We assessed stress hormones and mood state in 63 subjects (32 men and 31 women...

  17. Theoretical description of slow non-monotonic relaxation processes in Al-Y melts

    OpenAIRE

    Vasin, M. G.; Menshikova, S. G.; Ivshin, M. D.

    2015-01-01

    The slow non-monotonic relaxation processes, which have been recently fixed in Al-Y melts, are described theoretically. The theoretical description is based on the Cahn-Hilliard theory and functional methods of non-equilibrium dynamics. In terms of the suggested approach the reasons of this relaxation kinetics are non-linearity of the system near to the liquidus line, which sharply increases with Y concentration, and strong initial heterogeneity of the melt on the concentration of Y atoms. Ac...

  18. Quality and storage characteristics of yogurt containing Lacobacillus sakei ALI033 and cinnamon ethanol extract

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Yu Jin; Jin, Hee Yeon; Yang, Hee Sun; Lee, Sang Cheon; Huh, Chang Ki

    2016-01-01

    Background This study was conducted to examine the quality and storage characteristics of yogurt containing antifungal-active lactic acid bacteria (ALH, Lacobacillus sakei ALI033) isolated from kimchi and cinnamon ethanol extract. The starter was used for culture inoculation (1.0 % commercial starter culture YF-L812 and ALH). Results The antifungal activity of cinnamon extracts was observed in treatments with either cinnamon ethanol extracts or cinnamon methanol extracts. Changes in fermented...

  19. REBELLION: SECOND GENERATION BANGLADESHI IMMIGRANTS IN BRICK LANE BY MONICA ALI

    OpenAIRE

    A. Nejat TÖNGÜR*

    2013-01-01

    Brick Lane is one of the few novels which reflect the lives of first and second generation Bangladeshi immigrants in Britain. Although Brick Lane focuses on Nazneen as central character, the novel provides very rich information about the life styles, work patterns, family structure, and cultural, social, economic and religious dynamics of the Bangladeshi community in Brick Lane. Ali also shows that the second-generation young Bangladeshis are distinct with their frequent clashes with their pa...

  20. Vizija organizacij: poslovni evangeliji, navigacijski simboli ali strateško izhodišče:

    OpenAIRE

    Gruban, Brane

    1998-01-01

    Oblikovanje vizij je poizkus artikulirati želeno prihodnost organizacij z namenom diferenciacije organizacije v okolju in motiviranja zaposlenih v njej za prispevek skupnim ciljem organizacije. Snovanje vizij organizacij v praksi pogosto ne preseže navadnega oblikovanja "oglaševalsko" naravnanih sporočil ali pa opredeljene vizije nimajo ustreznih povezav s cilji, strategijo in vrednotami organizacij. Vizije so pogosto slabo komuniciranje, zato je v procesu njihove artikulacije in udejanjanja ...

  1. Ali Yaşar Sarıbay (1952 - …)

    OpenAIRE

    D. Ali ARSLAN

    2011-01-01

    Ali Yaşar Sarıbay was searched in this study. He is one of the most important social scientist in contemporary Turkey. A critical literature review accomplished on the first stage. Following this, a rather detailed interview schedule with mostly open-ended (unstructured) questions were prepared. And than, a very successful and productive face to face interview was realised with the author.

  2. Ali Yaşar Sarıbay (1952 - …

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ali Arslan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ali Yaşar Sarıbay was searched in this study. He is one of the most important social scientist in contemporary Turkey. A critical literature review accomplished on the first stage. Following this, a rather detailed interview schedule with mostly open-ended (unstructured questions were prepared. And than, a very successful and productive face to face interview was realised with the author.

  3. Ali Yaşar Sarıbay (1952 - …

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Ali Arslan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ali Yaşar Sarıbay was searched in this study. He is one of the most important social scientist in contemporary Turkey. A critical literature review accomplished on the first stage. Following this, a rather detailed interview schedule with mostly open-ended (unstructured questions was prepared. And then, a very successful and productive face to face interview was realized with the author.

  4. My money or your life: the Habsburg hunt for Uluc Ali

    OpenAIRE

    Emrah Safa GÜRKAN

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with Habsburg efforts to eliminate the ottoman naval threat by employing clandestine measures and undertaking covert operations. Realizing the danger that the ottoman fl and corsairs created for their defenses, the Habsburg secret service dispatched a number of go-betweens in order to remind Uluc Ali of his Christian past and obligations to his true monarch and thus convince him to switch allegiances. The Habsburgs also tried to arrange the assassination of this dangerous c...

  5. La bolsa o la vida: Los Habsburgo a la caza de Uluc Ali

    OpenAIRE

    Emrah Safa GÜRKAN

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with Habsburg efforts to eliminate the ottoman naval threat by employing clandestine measures and undertaking covert operations. Realizing the danger that the ottoman fl and corsairs created for their defenses, the Habsburg secret service dispatched a number of go-betweens in order to remind Uluc Ali of his Christian past and obligations to his true monarch and thus convince him to switch allegiances. The Habsburgs also tried to arrange the assassination of this dangerous c...

  6. Comment on "Black Hole with Quantum Potential," by A. F. Ali and M. M. Khalil

    CERN Document Server

    Culetu, Hristu

    2015-01-01

    Few comments upon Ali and Khalil article were pointed out. Their modified Schwarzschild metric seems not to be new as it has the same structure as Eq.(2.6) from Ref.3. Their black hole temperature T and the heat capacity C correspond exactly to the Reissner-Nordtstrom values, with $\\hbar \\eta$ instead of $Q^{2}$. The expression for the black hole entropy turns out to be wrong and does not fit with the other authors' calculations.

  7. ADDITIONAL BRACHIOPOD FINDINGS FROM THE LOPINGIAN SUCCESSION OF THE ALI BASHI MOUNTAINS, NW IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIO GARBELLI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim of this note is to describe additional findings of Lopingian brachiopods along the Main Valley section and at Localities 1, 3, and 4 of the Ali Bashi Mountains, N Iran. Here we provide:1 taxonomic descriptions of two newly recorded taxa, one of which is a new species, Meekella julfensis n. sp.;2 more information on the stratigraphic range of brachiopods from the Ali Bashi Mountains, which show a greater abundance and diversity in the upper part of the Julfa Formation, in the Ali Bashi Formation, and in the Boundary Clay. The newly collected faunas are characterized by miniaturization which is considered to be a response to deep water conditions in well oxygenated, but trophic resource-limited settings, and not a Lilliput-effect related to the end-Permian crisis;3 a discussion on the phylogenetic relationships between Araxathyris and Transcaucasathyris , proposing that the former may have evolved from the latter by the convergence of the dental plates to form a spondylium, that was probably a structure that functioned to optimize the muscle length in response to greater shell volumes.

  8. Securing the AliEn File Catalogue - Enforcing authorization with accountable file operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AliEn Grid Services, as operated by the ALICE Collaboration in its global physics analysis grid framework, is based on a central File Catalogue together with a distributed set of storage systems and the possibility to register links to external data resources. This paper describes several identified vulnerabilities in the AliEn File Catalogue access protocol regarding fraud and unauthorized file alteration and presents a more secure and revised design: a new mechanism, called LFN Booking Table, is introduced in order to keep track of access authorization in the transient state of files entering or leaving the File Catalogue. Due to a simplification of the original Access Envelope mechanism for xrootd-protocol-based storage systems, fundamental computational improvements of the mechanism were achieved as well as an up to 50% reduction of the credential's size. By extending the access protocol with signed status messages from the underlying storage system, the File Catalogue receives trusted information about a file's size and checksum and the protocol is no longer dependent on client trust. Altogether, the revised design complies with atomic and consistent transactions and allows for accountable, authentic, and traceable file operations. This paper describes these changes as part and beyond the development of AliEn version 2.19.

  9. JAliEn - A new interface between the AliEn jobs and the central services

    CERN Document Server

    Grigoras, A G; Pedreira, M M; Saiz, P; Schreiner, S

    2014-01-01

    Since the ALICE experiment began data taking in early 2010, the amount of end user jobs on the AliEn Grid has increased signif icantly. Presently 1/3 of the 40K CPU cores available to ALICE are occupied by jobs submitted by about 400 distinct users, individually or in organized analysis trains. The overall stability of the AliEn middleware has been excellent throughout the 3 years of running, but the massive amount of end-user analysis and its specific requirements and load has revealed few components which can be improved. One of them is the interface between users and central AliEn services (catalogue, job submission system) which we are currently re-implementing in Java . The interface provides persistent connection with enhanced data and job submission authenticity. In this paper we will describe the architecture of the new interface, the ROOT binding which enables the use of a single interface in addition to the standard UN IX-like access shell and the new security-related features.

  10. Relationship between elevated soluble CD74 and severity of experimental and clinical ALI/ARDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Guosheng; Sun, Yu; Wang, Kang’an; Chen, Zhengli; Wang, Xingtong; Chang, Fei; Li, Ting; Feng, Ping; Xia, Zhaofan

    2016-01-01

    CD74 is expressed on the cell surface of pulmonary macrophages and contributes to macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF)-induced inflammatory response in acute lung injury (ALI). A circulating form of CD74 (soluble CD74, sCD74) was recently discovered in autoimmune liver disease. Using two murine ALI models and cells culture, we examined the presence of sCD74 in circulation and alveolar space and preliminarily assessed the biological function of sCD74. The concentrations of sCD74 were increased in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) of murine ALI models. The elevated levels of sCD74 in BALF positively correlated with lung permeability and inflammation. In addition, sCD74 is secreted by macrophages in response to MIF stimulation and itself can stimulate the production of inflammatory cytokines. Our clinical study confirmed some findings of basic research. Moreover, we also found Day 3 serum sCD74 levels were associated with worse clinical outcomes. In conclusion, higher serum sCD74 levels may reflect more severe lung injury and may be used to help physicians determine prognosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). PMID:27444250

  11. Ali Emirî'nin Osmanlı Tarih ve Edebiyat Mecmuası Ali Emiri's Ottoman History And Literature Periodicals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher ERDOĞAN ÇELTİK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Periodicals are the documents which constitute resources for ourhistory. A kind of literary atmosphere forms around the magazines;feuilleton novel, story, poetry, critics and similar literary works cometogether with the reader via these magazines. Founder of the PublicLibrary, Ali Emirî published two literary periodicals named OttomanHistory and Literature and History and Literature which are thesuccessor to each other. Totally comprising of 36 issues, the first ispublished as 31 and the latter is published as 5 issues. During theirpublication years, the periodical constituted highly literary atmosphereand this atmosphere undertook an encoring mission in youth’s literaryworks.In this study, these periodicals are introduced and theircontributions to our literary and cultural life are mentioned.First of all Ali Emirî published Ottoman History and Literatureand History and Literature with the aim of being useful for his countryand nation. Later he aimed to illuminate the information/sources ofabout Ottoman history and literature and correct document mistakes.He also wanted to replay to the works that were published as anopposition for him through the magazine and, including Mehmet FuatKöprülü he criticized many other people and institutions.Ali Emiri introduces Divanu Lügati't-Türk to Turkish world. Hewho travelled a lot because of his occupation and thus he continuouslycollected new information and documents. As he enlarged Emirisometimes introduced this information to the readers. Ettik şeref-i hizmet-i ecdâdı ferâmûşÂsârına eslâfımızın rağbet olunmazBir gün bilinir kıymeti mecmûamın ammâPek çok aranır ortada mecmûa bulunmazSüreli yayınlar, edebiyat tarihimize kaynaklık eden dokümanlardandır. Dergiler çevresinde genelde edebî bir muhit oluşur; tefrika roman, hikâye, şiir, tenkit ve benzeri gibi edebî ürünler onlar vasıtasıyla okuyucusuyla buluşur. Millet Kütüphanesinin kurucusu olan Ali Emir

  12. The Anglo-Russian Compromise of 1907 and the Downfall of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugzar Ter-Oganov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The present paper attempts to show a correlation between the implementation of the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907 and its direct impact on the Russia's policy in Iran. This paper examines how the signing of that agreement by the Russian Foreign Minister Alexander Petrovich Izwolsky (1906-1910, a devoted supporter of the alliance with Great Britain, led to changes in Russia's policy in Iran, particularly towards Mohammad Ali Shah's authoritarian regime, with crucial consequences for the latter. The author argues that Izwolsky sought to settle the Anglo-Russian rivalry in Asia, particularly in Iran, in return for gaining British support on European issues. In particular, Izwolsky had an obsessive aspiration for Russia to seize the Black Sea Straits in the near future. As the paper will demonstrate, for this objective Izwolsky was ready to make concessions to the British in Iran. The revolutionary events of the end of 1908 and the first part of 1909 in Iran prove that Izwolsky consciously took several steps to arrive at those concessions. Among them was, first of all, the replacement of the experienced Russian Envoy to Tehran Nicolas Genrikhovich Gartvig (Hartwig, a strong opponent to Izwolsky's "liberal" policy in Iran, by the young and weak-willed Charge d'Affaires Evgueni Vasilievich Sablin, in order to give the British ally the upper hand in that country. There are several other clear manifestations of Izwolsky's changing policy towards Iran. First of all, Russian troops suddenly raised the siege of the Iranian city of Tabriz in April 1909 at a time when Russophile Mohammad Ali Shah was very close to demolishing the Constitutional movement. Also the Russian Mission abstained from supporting Mohammad Ali Shah in fighting the Constitutionalists. Notably, it refrained from using the Russian military detachment, which had arrived in Qazvin on July 11, 1909, against the Constitutionalist forces that were advancing towards Tehran. In addition, the

  13. Expounding a Few Key Strategies of Imam Ali (AS on Prevention of Diseases by Means of Improving Nutrition Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Moradi

    2016-06-01

    Conclusion: Using the guidelines of Imam Ali (AS, new dimensions of prevention practices and treatment of chronic diseases can be achieved. Furthermore, many other hypotheses can be raised making available a wide range of scientific researches

  14. Outcome Prediction in Pneumonia Induced ALI/ARDS by Clinical Features and Peptide Patterns of BALF Determined by Mass Spectrometry

    OpenAIRE

    Frenzel, Jochen; Gessner, Christian; Sandvoss, Torsten; Hammerschmidt, Stefan; Schellenberger, Wolfgang; Sack, Ulrich; Eschrich, Klaus; Wirtz, Hubert

    2011-01-01

    Background Peptide patterns of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were assumed to reflect the complex pathology of acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) better than clinical and inflammatory parameters and may be superior for outcome prediction. Methodology/Principal Findings A training group of patients suffering from ALI/ARDS was compiled from equal numbers of survivors and nonsurvivors. Clinical history, ventilation parameters, Murray's lung injury severity sc...

  15. Visâlî Ali Çelebi ve Mevlid’i Visâlî Ali Çelebi And His Mevlid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdülmecit İSLAMOĞLU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Visali Ali Çelebi is one of the XVIth century poets. On the basis of the poet’s work, limited information of his life can be reached. Of this kind of information is that Visali’s name was Ali and hi lived in the time of Suleiman the Magnificent. Poet’s work entitled “Mevlid-i Fahr-i Kâ’inât Muhammedini’l-Mustafâ” is a work composed in the form of mawlid that dealt with the birth of the Prophet, his childhood until seven years of age and some miracles taking place in this period. The only known manuscript copy of Visali Mevlidi is recorded in Türk Dil Kurumu Kütüphanesi, manuscript A/99 numbered. Though the mawlidmost of which was written in the masnawi form of verse, in order toavoid monotony and catch the attention of readers, the verses in theform of qasida/gazel were interspersed throughout text. In the work,intensely, Fâ‘ilâtün Fâ‘ilâtün Fâ‘ilün aruz prosody was used. In theparts written in verse, the language becomes more difficult. It can besaid that in the parts written in the form of masnawi, a plainer lenguageis used. Nevertheless, Arabic-Persian words and phrases are also seenin the Masnawis. In the Mawlid, there also existed completely Arabic orPersian verses. Considering these features, poet’s style and his power inthe field of poetry, it can be said that the work is not simple and fluent.The fat that Mawlid was suddenly finished in the childhood period ofthe Prophet gives the impression that the works was left half finished.However, when the work is compared with other texts written in theform of mawlid, with 1715 verses, it can be categorized among thevoluminous works. In this article, after giving some information aboutthe form and contents of Visali Ali Çelebi’s Mawlid, the transliteratedtext of the only copy of work we could find so far has been presented. Visâlî Ali Çelebi XVI. yüzyıl şairlerindendir. Şairin bilinen tek eseri olan Mevlid’inden yola çıkılarak adının Ali oldu

  16. Respiratory Impairment after Early Red Cell Transfusion in Pediatric Patients with ALI/ARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surender Rajasekaran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In the first 48 hours of ventilating patients with acute lung injury (ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS, a multipronged approach including packed red blood cell (PRBC transfusion is undertaken to maintain oxygen delivery. Hypothesis. We hypothesized children with ALI/ARDS transfused within 48 hours of initiating mechanical ventilation would have worse outcome. The course of 34 transfused patients was retrospectively compared to 45 nontransfused control patients admitted to the PICU at Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital between January 1st 2008 and December 31st 2009. Results. Mean hemoglobin (Hb prior to transfusion was 8.2 g/dl compared to 10.1 g/dl in control. P/F ratio decreased from 135.4±7.5 to 116.5±8.8 in transfused but increased from 148.0±8.0 to 190.4±17.8 (P<0.001 in control. OI increased in the transfused from 11.7±0.9 to 18.7±1.6 but not in control. Ventilator days in the transfused were 15.6±1.7 versus 9.5±0.6 days in control (P<0.001. There was a trend towards higher rates of MODS in transfused patients; 29.4% versus 17.7%, odds ratio 1.92, 95% CI; 0.6–5.6 Fisher exact P<0.282. Conclusion. This study suggests that early transfusions of patients with ALI/ARDS were associated with increased ventilatory needs.

  17. Theoretical description of slow non-monotonic relaxation processes in Al-Y melts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasin, M. G.; Menshikova, S. G.; Ivshin, M. D.

    2016-05-01

    The slow non-monotonic relaxation processes, which have been recently fixed in Al-Y melts, are described theoretically. The theoretical description is based on the Cahn-Hilliard theory and functional methods of non-equilibrium dynamics. In terms of the suggested approach the reasons of this relaxation kinetics are non-linearity of the system near to the liquidus line, which sharply increases with Y concentration, and strong initial heterogeneity of the melt on the concentration of Y atoms. According to our analysis one can conclude that the non-monotonic temporal dependence of viscosity is caused by the Ostwald ripening processes in the rich in yttrium areas.

  18. ALIED: Una teoría de la detección de mentiras

    OpenAIRE

    Street, Chris N. H.

    2016-01-01

    En general, somos torpes a la hora de detectar mentiras y tendemos a creer que los demás dicen la verdad con más frecuencia de la que deberíamos. De hecho, los estudios sobre detección de mentiras suelen describir nuestra tendencia a creer a otras personas como un error de juicio. Aunque parezcamos irremediablemente malos a la hora de detectar mentiras, la teoría del Detector de Mentiras Adaptativo (ALIED) afirma que, en realidad, hacemos juicios inteligentes y bien informados. Este artículo ...

  19. Primerjava lastnosti lazur na toplotno modificiranem ali z biocidom zaščitenem smrekovem lesu

    OpenAIRE

    Kortnik, Matej

    2014-01-01

    Za zaščito lesa za zunanjo uporabo se pogosto uporabljajo površinska zaščitna sredstva, ki poudarjajo tudi dekorativne značilnosti lesa. Vendar za les, ki je izpostavljen vremenskim vplivom, zaščita s površinskimi premazi ponavadi ni zadostna. Vsaka predhodna obdelava lesa, kot sta npr. zaščita lesa z biocidi ali modifikacija lesa, lahko vpliva na lastnosti premazov, kakor tudi na procese staranja površinskih sistemov. V ta namen smo preučevali vpliv impregnacije in toplotne modifikacije subs...

  20. Odonata (Insecta diversity of Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and its adjacent areas in Thattekkad, Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.P. Varghese

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Odonata diversity of Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary and its adjacent areas in Thattekkad, Kerala, India were documented from 2010 to 2012. Opportunistic observations were carried out to record species diversity. Eighty-two species of Odonata, which included 51 species of Anisoptera (dragonflies and 31 species of Zygoptera (damselflies, were recorded during the study. Of this 21 species are endemic to the Western Ghats. The presence of the IUCN categorized nearly threatened species like Megalogomphus hannyngtoni and vulnerable species like Platysticta deccanensis and Protosticta sanguinostigma is remarkable.

  1. Phytochemical screening and In vitro antioxidant activity of Paracalyx scariosa (Roxb Ali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAMOJI ALLA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Paracalyx scariosa (Roxb. Ali. also called as Paracalyx scariosus and cylista scariosa is a woody twiners belongs to the family Fabaceae is one of the important medicinal plant distributed in Central Provinces, West and South India, and Upper Burma. It is woody twiners with tomentose branches and stems finely downy. Leaves are 3-foliate with rhachis prolonged 6-13mm. between the insertion of the leaflets and stipels of the terminal one. The objective of this study is to explore the phytochemistry and the antioxidant potential of various extracts of Paracalyx scariosa (Roxb. Ali which is considered traditionally as an important medicinal plant. The preliminary phytochemical analysis was done to find out the presence of various bioactive compounds and TLC was performed to identify the no of flavonoids present. In vitro antioxidant analysis of methanol, acetone, benzene extracts and ethyl acetate , aqueous fractions of methanol extract was carried out by DPPH assay and Nitric oxide assay. It is observed from the phytochemical study, carbohydrates, proteins, saponins, triterpenoids, flavonoids and alkaloids are present in all the three extracts and Ethyl acetate fraction, benzene extract were separated in to 5 spots identified by bluish black colour confirming the presence of 5 types of flavonoids and the Acetone extract was not separated. Besides the extracts and fractions also possess strong antioxidant activity

  2. Ab-initio study of phase stability, elastic and thermodynamic properties of AlY alloy under pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhou, Dawei [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473061 (China); Su, Taichao [Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000 (China); Song, Haizhen; Lu, Cheng; Zhong, Zhiguo; Lu, Zhiwen [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473061 (China); Pu, Chunying, E-mail: puchunying@126.com [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Normal University, Nanyang 473061 (China)

    2015-11-05

    Using the particle swarm optimization algorithm combined with first-principles methods, we explore the diagram of AlY alloy up to 250 GPa. It is found that AlDy phase, rather than the experimentally observed B2 phase, is the most stable structure at 0 K and 0–20 GPa. However, our results show that B2 phase can exist as a stable phase at 20–27.6 GPa. At higher pressure, four new high-pressure phases with Cmcm-I, Cmcm-II, I4/mmm and P4/nmm structure are identified for the first time. The hardness, elastic and thermodynamic properties of the newly found phases are investigated and compared with B2 phase. The calculated hardness of AlDy, Cmcm-I, Cmcm-II, I4/mmm and P4/nmm phases is in the range of 7–9 GPa, higher than that of B2 phase. In addition, it is found that AlDy phase is a brittle material at 0 GPa, which changes to a ductile material above 12 GPa. Except for AlDy phase, all the other AlY compounds exhibit completely ductile behavior under pressure. Compared with the other phases, B2 phase is found to have the best ductility and the largest elastic anisotropy over the whole pressure investigated. Moreover, all AlY intermetallics exhibit a nearly elastic isotropy in compressibility but a comparatively large elastic anisotropy in shear. The structural stability, electronic structure, bulk and shear modulus, Debye temperature as well as sound velocities of AlY alloy under pressure are also deeply discussed. - Graphical abstract: Pressure-induced phase transition of AlY alloy up to 250 GPa. - Highlights: • The diagram of AlY alloy was explored and four new stable phases were predicted. • B2 phase shows the largest ductility and elastic anisotropy among AlY alloys. • All AlY alloys exhibit ductile behavior except for AlDy phase under pressure. • All AlY alloys show strong isotropy in compressibility and anisotropy in shear.

  3. Ali Canip Yöntem’in Sanata ve Edebiyata Bakışı Ali Canip Yöntem’s Perspective to Art and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah HARMANCI

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ali Canip Yöntem (1887-1967 who is one of the prominent names of the national literary movement gave many works relating to literary theory and criticism as well as poem. Before being connected to national literary, author who has largely been seeking on the line extending from Muallim Naci to Cedideci (New Literature movement and Fecr-i Aticis (Dawn of the Future has deep thoughts in his many articles that will light the way for today’s artists and researchers either due to hiscommand of our classical literature or of Western Literature. From hiswritings in question, in our article, opinions of Yöntem about somematters such as what is the art and literature, why it is existing, whatcould be its power and effect, how to take advantage of art andliterature, the place and importance of the imitation in art, pleasure,beauty, perception and genius concepts, purpose of art, relationshipbetween artist and school of art, art and dialectic, poem and knowledge,poem and sensation etc were scanned and these opinions were whollyattempted to be assessed. Apart from these, problems collected undersome titles such as what, in fact, is the concept of national literature adhow it should be understood, our mistakes when assessing the concept“national”, dimensions of artist and public when assessing within thecontext of national literature have been the topic of the Ali CanipYöntem’s articles and opinions of author about these issues wereattempted to be examined by us. Yöntem also referred to the problemsabout limits of literary criticism and features which a reviewer musthave, and attached importance to the relationship of literary criticismwith literary text. Milli edebiyat akımının önde gelen isimlerinden olan Ali Canip Yöntem (1887 – 1967, şiirin yanı sıra edebiyat teorisine ve eleştirisine ilişkin eserler de vermiştir. Milli edebiyata mensup olmadan önce, Muallim Naci’den Edebiyatı Cedidecilere, Fecr-i Âticilere uzanan

  4. Study on nursing of sequential mechanical ventilation treatment of ALI/ARDS%序贯性机械通气治疗ALI/ARDS的护理探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁梅英; 陈广雪; 梁永祥; 黄富; 韦幼苗; 严文红

    2016-01-01

    ObjectiveTo study the nursing methods of sequential mechanical ventilation in the treatment of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome.Methods40 patients with ALI/ARDS,who were treated with sequential mechanical ventilation and were hospitalized in respiratory medicine department of our hospital from June 2014 to August 2015,were selected as the research objects, and were adopted by comprehensive nursing methods of psychological nursing, infection prevention nursing, airway nursing, nasal feeding nursing, grasped the best sequential opportunity of mechanical ventilation.To record the cases of successful offline,the index of blood gas analysis,pH,heart rate,respiratory rate before mechanical ventilation,4h after mechanical ventilation, before tube drawing,4h noninvasive ventilation of patients.Results After sequential mechanical ventilation treatment and nursing on 40 patients,there were 35 cases clinical cured with successful offline,and 5 cases dead.The index of blood gas analysis,pH,heart rate,respiratory rate after mechanical ventilation was better than which before mechanical ventilation,and which in study group was better than which in control group,the differences was statically significant(P<0.05),which 4h after mechanical ventilation was obviously better than which before tube drawing, the differences was statically significant (P<0.05).ConclusionThe effective implementation of positive nursing methods is much important, is basic condition to ensure sequential mechanical ventilation in the treatment of ALI/ARDS,could reduce the VAP incidence, shorten MV time and hospitalization time,reduce patients' hospitalization expenses and economic burden.%目的:探讨序贯性机械通气治疗急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征护理措施。方法选择2014年6月~2015年8月本院呼吸内科住院序贯性机械通气治疗ALI/ARDS患者40例为研究对象,采取心理护理、预防感染护理、气道护理、鼻饲饮食护

  5. Plasma CC16 levels are associated with development of ALI/ARDS in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia: a retrospective observational study

    OpenAIRE

    Lutter Rene; Waddy Sam; Millo Julian L; Determann Rogier M; Garrard Chris S; Schultz Marcus J

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Despite consensus criteria, diagnosing acute lung injury, or its more severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) remains challenging. Adding objective measures, such as plasma levels of biological markers could facilitate recognition of ALI/ARDS. This study was designed to assess and compare the diagnostic accuracy of biological markers for ALI/ARDS with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Methods We performed serial measurements of Clara cell protein (C...

  6. Differential expression of THOC1 and ALY mRNP biogenesis/export factors in human cancers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One key step in gene expression is the biogenesis of mRNA ribonucleoparticle complexes (mRNPs). Formation of the mRNP requires the participation of a number of conserved factors such as the THO complex. THO interacts physically and functionally with the Sub2/UAP56 RNA-dependent ATPase, and the Yra1/REF1/ALY RNA-binding protein linking transcription, mRNA export and genome integrity. Given the link between genome instability and cancer, we have performed a comparative analysis of the expression patterns of THOC1, a THO complex subunit, and ALY in tumor samples. The mRNA levels were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and hybridization of a tumor tissue cDNA array; and the protein levels and distribution by immunostaining of a custom tissue array containing a set of paraffin-embedded samples of different tumor and normal tissues followed by statistical analysis. We show that the expression of two mRNP factors, THOC1 and ALY are altered in several tumor tissues. THOC1 mRNA and protein levels are up-regulated in ovarian and lung tumors and down-regulated in those of testis and skin, whereas ALY is altered in a wide variety of tumors. In contrast to THOC1, ALY protein is highly detected in normal proliferative cells, but poorly in high-grade cancers. These results suggest a differential connection between tumorogenesis and the expression levels of human THO and ALY. This study opens the possibility of defining mRNP biogenesis factors as putative players in cell proliferation that could contribute to tumor development

  7. Arbitražo proceso ypatumai, kai viena iš bylos šalių yra valstybė

    OpenAIRE

    Malinauskaitė, Agnė

    2014-01-01

    Darbe analizuojamas arbitražo procesas, konkretizuojant jį, kai viena iš proceso šalių tampa valstybė. Aptariami esminiai arbitražo, kaip alternatyvaus teismui ginčų sprendimo bruožai tam, kad suvokti paties proceso prigimtį. Gilinamasi į procedūrinius skirtumus, kai atsiranda valstybinė dalyvaujančioji šalis. Aptariamas Lietuvos ir kitų valstybių teisinis reglamentavimas, susijęs su valstybės dalyvavimu arbitražiniame susitarime ir arbitražo procese. Aktualus arbitruotinumo klausimas, su tuo...

  8. Detektivska in/ali poizvedovalna dejavnost v Sloveniji - pojmovne teoretične in praktične razjasnitve

    OpenAIRE

    Glavač, Tadej

    2015-01-01

    Detektiv pomaga stranki, da hitreje in lažje pride do informacij/podatkov, ki jih potrebuje. Večkrat stranke tudi ne morejo ali ne znajo rešiti določenega problema ali ugotoviti dejanskega stanja. Pri ugotavljanju dejanskega stanja na osnovi dokazov, so detektivom v veliko pomoč upravičenja, ki jih lahko pri svojem delu uporabljajo v skladu z Zakonom o detektivski dejavnosti (2011). Dokazi (strokovno detektivsko poročilo, fotografije, posnetki in ostali dokazi), ki jih zberejo detektivi, pote...

  9. Laflamme Simon, Reguigui Ali, Homogénéité et Distinction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Siroux

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Simon Laflamme et Ali Reguigui sont respectivement sociologue et linguiste à l’Uni­versité Laurentienne de Sudbury (Ontario. Dans cet ouvrage, les A. se donnent pour objectif d’identifier les facteurs sociaux susceptibles d’influencer la maîtrise de la langue écrite. Les sept hypothèses spé­cifi­ques, présentées dès le premier chapitre, s’inscrivent toutes dans une thèse plus géné­rale que l’on pourrait synthétiser comme suit. Le passage des sociétés industrielles aux sociétés post-industrie...

  10. FAMoS - an information service on the usage of data files in AliEn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramyan, A.; Betev, L.; Buncic, P.; Grigoras, C.; Grigoryan, A.; Manukyan, N.; Pedreira, M. M.; Saiz, P.

    2015-05-01

    The File Access Monitoring Service (FAMoS) leverages the information stored in the central AliEn file catalogue, which describes every file in a Unix-like directory structure, as well as metadata on file location and its replicas. In addition, it uses the access information provided by a set of API servers, used by all Grid clients to access the catalogue. The main functions of FAMoS are to sort the file accesses by logical groups, access time, user and storage element. The collected data identifies rarely used groups of files, as well as those with high popularity over different time periods. This information can be further used to optimize file distribution and replication factors, thus increasing the data processing efficiency. The paper describes the FAMoS structure and user interface and presents the results obtained in one year of service operation.

  11. Lietuvos interneto žiniasklaidos vaidmuo formuojant šalies įvaizdį

    OpenAIRE

    Pilinkaitė, Miglė

    2014-01-01

    Magistro darbo objektas – interneto žiniasklaida kaip viena iš priemonių, padedančių valstybei kurti įvaizdį bei taip siekti užsibrėžtų tikslų ir interesų tiek tarptautiniu, tiek nacionaliniu mastu. Interneto žiniasklaida darbe apjungia tris priemones: naujienų portalus, dienraščių interneto portalus bei interneto dienoraščius. Darbo tikslas – išnagrinėti Lietuvos interneto žiniasklaidos vaidmenį šalies įvaizdžio formavimo procese. Rengiant darbą buvo iškelti tokie pagrindiniai uždaviniai: ap...

  12. Reconnectionless CME eruption: putting the Aly-Sturrock conjecture to rest

    CERN Document Server

    Rachmeler, L A; Kankelborg, C C

    2008-01-01

    We demonstrate that magnetic reconnection is not necessary to initiate fast CMEs. The Aly-Sturrock conjecture states that the magnetic energy of a given force free boundary field is maximized when the field is open. This is problematic for CME initiation because it leaves little or no magnetic energy to drive the eruption, unless reconnection is present to allow some of the field to escape without opening. Thus, it has been thought that reconnection must be present to initiate CMEs. This theory has not been subject to rigorous numerical testing because conventional MHD numerical models contain numerical diffusion, which introduces uncontrolled numerical reconnection. We use a quasi-Lagrangian simulation technique to run the first controlled experiments of CME initiation in the complete lack of reconnection. We find that a flux rope confined by an arcade, when twisted beyond a critical amount, can escape to an open state, allowing some of the surrounding arcade to shrink and releasing magnetic energy from the ...

  13. World music, authenticity and Africa: Reading Cesaria Evora and Ali Farka Toure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anandam Kavoori

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this essay, I engage with the complex set of sonic connections known as 'World Music'. The section on 'Framing World Music/The Global Postmodern/Authenticity' outlines some key elements in how World Music can be theoretically framed - as a specific kind of text, anchored in conditions of global post modernity and characterized by a defining discourse - that of 'authenticity'. This is followed by a biographical/textual account of two major global music stars from Africa - Cesaria Evora (Cape Verde and Ali Farka Toure (Mali - with a focus on examining how their biographical and textual imprint illustrates the different ways in which the discourse of 'authenticity' is mobilised within World Music/The Global Postmodern. Finally, the concluding section summarises some general ideas about authenticity and World Music. My overall goals are to engage with the specific textual elements that make up the sonic construct of World Music, steering clear of popular discourse about it.

  14. Identification of Antifungal Substances of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. ALI033 and Antifungal Activity against Penicillium brevicompactum Strain FI02.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huh, Chang Ki; Hwang, Tae Yean

    2016-03-01

    This study was performed to investigate the antifungal substances and the antifungal activity against fungi of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from kimchi. LAB from kimchi in Imsil showed antifungal activity against Penicillium brevicompactum strain FI02. LAB LI031 was identified as Lactobacillus sakei subsp. Antifungal substances contained in L. sakei subsp. ALI033 culture media were unstable at high pH levels. Both, the control and proteinase K and protease treated samples showed clear zones, suggesting that the antifungal substances produced by ALI033 were non-protein substances unaffected by protesases. Both, the control and catalase showed clear zones, suggesting that the antifungal metabolite was not H2O2. The molecular weights of the antifungal substances were ≤3,000 Da. The organic acid content of crude antifungal substances produced by L. sakei subsp. ALI033 showed high concentrations of lactic acid (502.47 mg/100 g). Therefore, these results suggest that antifungal substance produced by L. sakei subsp. ALI033 is most likely due to its ability in producing organic acid. PMID:27069906

  15. 40 CFR 721.9527 - Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidin-4-ol) ester of cy-clo-ali-phatic spiroketal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidin-4-ol) ester of cy-clo-ali-phatic spiroketal. 721.9527 Section 721.9527 Protection of Environment...-piperidin-4-ol) ester of cy-clo-ali-phatic spiroketal. (a) Chemical substance and significant new...

  16. Effet des conditions climatiques sur le niveau du lac Sidi Ali (Moyen Atlas, Maroc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Martin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Le lac Sidi Ali est un lac naturel d'altitude (2070-2080 m, sans exutoire superficiel, déterminé par le barrage d'une coulée basaltique. Doté d'un bassin versant apparent de 15,6 km2, il est alimenté par des eaux de ruissellement et par des sources karstiques. Son niveau subit des variations très fortes, annuelles et interannuelles, sous le contrôle des conditions climatiques, et en particulier des pluies et de l'évapotranspiration. Les périodes de sécheresse qui ont marqué les trois dernières décennies, se sont traduites par un abaissement du niveau de près de 7 m. Mais les précipitations abondantes des années 2008-09 et 2009-10 ont provoqué une nette remontée. Une régression multiple d'assez bonne qualité (r = 0,87 lie la variation annuelle du niveau (d'août à août à différents paramètres (conditions climatiques et niveau initial du lac.Lake Sidi Ali is a natural lake at high altitude (2070-2080 m, without surface outlet, determined by the dam of a basalt flow. With an apparent catchment of 15.6 km2, it is fed by runoff and karst springs. Its level shows strong annual and interannual variations, depending on weather conditions, particularly rainfall and evapotranspiration. Droughts that have marked the last three decades have resulted in a lowering of about 7 m of the water level. But heavy rainfall that occurred in 2008-09 and 2009-10 caused a marked rise. A multiple regression of sufficient quality (r = 0.87 binds the annual change (from august to august at differents parameters (weather conditions and initial level of the lake.

  17. Lithospheric mantle evolution in the Afro-Arabian domain: Insights from Bir Ali mantle xenoliths (Yemen)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sgualdo, P.; Aviado, K.; Beccaluva, L.; Bianchini, G.; Blichert-Toft, J.; Bryce, J. G.; Graham, D. W.; Natali, C.; Siena, F.

    2015-05-01

    Detailed petrological and geochemical investigations of an extensive sampling of mantle xenoliths from the Neogene-Quaternary Bir Ali diatreme (southern Yemen) indicate that the underlying lithospheric mantle consists predominantly of medium- to fine-grained (often foliated) spinel-peridotites (85-90%) and spinel-pyroxenites (10-15%) showing thermobarometric estimates in the P-T range of 0.9-2.0 GPa and 900-1150 °C. Peridotites, including lherzolites, harzburgites and dunites delineate continuous chemical, modal and mineralogical variations compatible with large extractions of basic melts occurring since the late Proterozoic (~ 2 Ga, according to Lu-Hf model ages). Pyroxenites may represent intrusions of subalkaline basic melts interacting and equilibrated with the host peridotite. Subsequent metasomatism has led to modal changes, with evidence of reaction patches and clinopyroxene and spinel destabilization, as well as formation of new phases (glass, amphibole and feldspar). These changes are accompanied by enrichment of the most incompatible elements and isotopic compositions. 143Nd/144Nd ranges from 0.51419 to 0.51209 (εNd from + 30.3 to - 10.5), 176Hf/177Hf from 0.28459 to 0.28239 (εHf from + 64.4 to - 13.6), and 208Pb/204Pb from 36.85 to 41.56, thus extending from the depleted mantle (DM) towards the enriched OIB mantle (EM and HIMU) components. 3He/4He (R/RA) ratios vary from 7.2 to 7.9 with He concentrations co-varying with the most incompatible element enrichment, in parallel with metasomatic effects. These metasomatic events, particularly effective in harzburgites and dunites, are attributable to the variable interaction with alkaline basic melts related to the general extensional and rifting regime affecting the East Africa-Arabian domain during the Cenozoic. In this respect, Bir Ali mantle xenoliths resemble those occurring along the Arabian margins and the East Africa Rift system, similarly affected by alkaline metasomatism, whereas they are

  18. The Effect of Dramatized Instruction on Speaking Ability of Imam Ali University EFL Learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadegh Khosronejad

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Teaching language as a second or foreign language, undoubtedly, is so demanding and seeking to find methods for facilitating this prominent practice whets the appetite of any practitioner who works in this field. Research shows that using drama in the classroom as a means of teaching helps students learn socially, academically, and developmentally. This study was an attempt to determine the effect of dramatized instruction on the speaking ability of EFL learners of Imam Ali University. Sixty EFL male students at the intermediate level participated in the study. Their age range was 19-22. Two instruments were utilized in this study; pretest, and posttest.  The data were analyzed through t-test. The data analysis indicated that the mean scores of the experimental group students (M = 72.80 were significantly different (3.29>2; df = 58 from the control group students (M = 65.39. In other words, the experimental group outperformed the control group in the posttest significantly. Moreover, the findings indicated that dramatized instruction does have a great effect on the speaking skills. This study supported the idea of effectiveness of dramatized instruction on developing speaking skill and the teachers can help the learners at lower levels promote their speaking skill through dramatized instruction in EFL classes.Key words: Drama, Dramatized Instruction, Conventional Methods

  19. A Review of Ferdous al-Hekma fil-Tibb by Ali ibn Raban Tabari.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardalan, Mohammadreza; Khodadoust, Kazem; Mostafidi, Elmira

    2015-01-01

    T Ferdous al-Hekma (Paradise of Wisdom) is one of the oldest medical texts in the Islamic world written in Arabic in 850 AD by Ali ibn Raban Tabari. He was a Persian physician who moved from Tabaristan (Mazandaran province of modern day Iran) to Samarra during the reign of the Abbasid Caliph al-Mutawakkil (847-861 AD). We studied the book of Ferdous al-Hekma fil-Tibb, in an attempt to comprehend its general outlook on diseases of different organs, their classifications and the associated signs and symptoms. The book is one of the earliest medical pandects of the period of translation, adaptation and expansion of knowledge in the Islamic world during the 9(th) century AD. Tabari was mainly influenced by Hippocrates, Galen and Aristotle, as well as his contemporaries Johanna ibn Massavieh and Hunayn ibn Ishaq. The book is written in thirty chapters in a total number of 308 subtitles. In each part there is an introduction to the symptomatology, followed by organ specific diseases and therapeutic recommendations. Symptoms and physical signs of different diseases are vividly described in Ferdous al-Hekma, and some of them are even understandable for contemporary medical students. PMID:27350863

  20. Experimental study on influence of Tongfu Xiefei therapy on immune inflammatory damage in ALI/ARDS Rats%通腑泻肺法对ALI/ARDS大鼠免疫炎症损伤影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恩顺; 苏景深; 孙增涛; 付敏; 封继宏

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To observe the effect of Tongfu Xiefei therapy on the immune inflammatory damage in ALI/ARDS rats and to investigate the biological basis of the interior-exteriorly related theory of lung and the large intestine. [Methods] The health Wistar rats were divided the health Wistar rats into 5 groups: control group, model group, lung treatment group, large intestine treatment group and lung-large intestine treatment group. The ALI/ARDS in rats was established by intravenous injecting oleic acid plus endotoxin in caudal vein, and the D-Lactate, DAO, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 in blood, sIgA in lung and large intestine were observed. [Results] Tongfu Xiefei therapy could effectively reduce the expression of systemic inflammatory factors in rats, such as TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10; and reduced the D-Lactate, DAO and sIgA in lung and large intestine organs. [Conclusion] l)Tongfu Xiefei therapy can effectively reduce the immune inflammation and the intestinal mucosal barrier injury in rats with ALI/ARDS. The combined method is superior than either single method of Xiefei therapy or Tongfu therapy; 2)The action targets of Xiefei therapy, Tongfu therapy and Tongfu Xiefei therapy on inflammatory factors in ALI/ARDS rats are different, and the mechanism may be related with inhibiting the synthesis and secretion of inflammatory factors and regulating the immune function of the intestines.%[目的]观察通腑泻肺法对急性肺损伤(ALI)急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ARDS)大鼠免疫炎症损伤的影响,探讨肺与大肠相表里理论的生物学基础.[方法]将健康wistar大鼠随机分为5组,正常对照组、模型组、治肺组、治肠组和肺肠同治组,采用尾静脉注射油酸加内毒素方法造成大鼠ALI/ARDS模型,观察大鼠血中D-乳酸、丙二醛(DAO)、肿瘤坏死因子-α(TNF-α)、白介素IL-Iβ(IL-Iβ)、白介素-6(IL一6)、白介素一10(IL-IO)及肺、肠组织分泌型免疫球蛋白A(slgA)含量.[结果]通腑泻肺法可

  1. The Law Applicable to Online Copyright Infringements int ALI and CLIP Proposals: A Rebalance of Interest Needed?

    OpenAIRE

    Matulionyte, Rita

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the problems of applicable law to copyright infringements online. It firstly identifies the main problems related to the well established territoriality principle and the lex loci protectionis rules. Then; the discussion focuses on the "ubiquitous infringement" rule recently proposed by the American Law Institute (ALI) and the European Max Planck Group for Conflicts of Law and Intellectual Propoperty (CLIP). The author strongly welcomes a compromise between the territori...

  2. ALICE distributed analysis of the K*(892)0 signal in pp events with the AliEn package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A simulation study concerning the K*(892)0 resonance was carried out within the ALICE Collaboration, in order to evaluate the capability of the detector in the reconstruction of this signal in pp collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) energy. A description of the analysis procedure which makes use of AliEn, the ALICE package for distributed computing, is given together with the obtained results

  3. Hasan Ali Yücel: A Leader Transforming Turkish Education and Culture between Years 1938 and 1946

    OpenAIRE

    Gökhan KILIÇOĞLU; Yilmaz, Derya; Turan, Selahattin

    2015-01-01

    Biographic studies provide long term perspectives on leadership, learning of leadership attributes and its development. It is obvious that life story of a leader is an important source of information that provides an information for the followers about the traits and behaviors of the leader. Thus, the current study seeks to offer an in-depth look at transformational leader attributes of Hasan Ali Yücel, one of the prominent intellectuals of the Republican period in history of Turkey, from the...

  4. PESANTREN AND THE FREEDOM OF THINKING: Study of Ma‘had Aly Pesantren Sukorejo Situbondo, East Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatim Gazali

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Various studies on Pesantren have been conducted through various lenses and perspectives; however, its attractiveness is still there. In some points, the pesantren is well known as a conservative institution in which freedom of thinking is limited. This article is willing to show that not all pesantrens limit their students’ freedom of thinking. One of them is Ma‘had Aly (higher education, one of the education institution in Pesantren Salafiyah Syafi’iyah Sukorejo Situbondo which focuses its teaching on fiqh. Fiqh, or Islamic jurisprudence, is one of the branches of Islamic science. In some pesantrens, the teaching of fiqh is limited to one school or madhhab, particularly school of Shafi‘i. However, in Ma‘had Aly, not only one school of thought is taught, but fiqh of four schools of thought. It shows a high tolerance and respect for differences. In order to seek a new ingredient in formulating Islamic law, the teaching of fiqh is combined with other sciences such as philosophy, sociology, and anthropology. This new ingredient produces a rich discourse of fiqh and widens its scope of discussion to include to religious relationships, gender, human rights, ecology, and other contemporary issues such as interfaith marriage, the possibility of a non-Muslim being president, and the role of women in the public sphere. Looking from the curriculum, the method of teaching, and the publication of bulletin of Tanwirul Afkar, this article proves that freedom of thinking is well-maintained at Ma‘had Aly. Key Words: Ma‘had Aly, freedom of thinking, and pesantren

  5. Identification of Antifungal Substances of Lactobacillus sakei subsp. ALI033 and Antifungal Activity against Penicillium brevicompactum Strain FI02

    OpenAIRE

    Huh, Chang Ki; Hwang, Tae Yean

    2016-01-01

    This study was performed to investigate the antifungal substances and the antifungal activity against fungi of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from kimchi. LAB from kimchi in Imsil showed antifungal activity against Penicillium brevicompactum strain FI02. LAB LI031 was identified as Lactobacillus sakei subsp. Antifungal substances contained in L. sakei subsp. ALI033 culture media were unstable at high pH levels. Both, the control and proteinase K and protease treated samples showed clear ...

  6. JAliEn – A new interface between the AliEn jobs and the central services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since the ALICE experiment began data taking in early 2010, the amount of end user jobs on the AliEn Grid has increased significantly. Presently 1/3 of the 40K CPU cores available to ALICE are occupied by jobs submitted by about 400 distinct users, individually or in organized analysis trains. The overall stability of the AliEn middleware has been excellent throughout the 3 years of running, but the massive amount of end-user analysis and its specific requirements and load has revealed few components which can be improved. One of them is the interface between users and central AliEn services (catalogue, job submission system) which we are currently re-implementing in Java. The interface provides persistent connection with enhanced data and job submission authenticity. In this paper we will describe the architecture of the new interface, the ROOT binding which enables the use of a single interface in addition to the standard UNIX-like access shell and the new security-related features

  7. FAUNAL CHANGE NEAR THE END-PERMIAN EXTINCTION: THE BRACHIOPODS OF THE ALI BASHI MOUNTAINS, NW IRAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABBAS GHADERI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The Julfa Formation in the Ali Bashi Mountains, northwest Iran, is very rich in brachiopods, particularly in its lower part, which has been dated by fusulinids and conodonts as Wuchiapingian in age. The brachiopod fauna described herein has been collected along the Main Valley section of the Ali Bashi Mountains, several hundred metres away from the historical sections described in the 1960’s and 1970’s. It comprises 39 species of the orders Productida, Orthotetida, Orthida, Rhynchonellida, Athyridida, Spiriferida, and Terebratulida, most of which are known in the coeval successions of Transcaucasia, Alborz Mountains in north Iran and in South China, confirming the Wuchiapingian age indicated by other proxies. A few of the brachiopod taxa range up into the Changhsingian Paratirolites Limestone. The shale and marly limestone at the base of the formation are dominated by semi-infaunal productids, that are progressively succeeded near the top of the lower part of the formation by a more diverse range of pedicle attached and cemented taxa, suggesting a shallowing upward trend and a shift to higher nutrient-substrates in more turbulent waters. The successive deepening trend recorded in the upper part of the Julfa Formation and in the overlying Ali Bashi Formation is very unfavourable for the brachiopods and only a few species survive, represented by small sized pediculate taxa that thrive on hardgrounds.

  8. EXAMINING ASGHAR ALI ENGINEER'S QUR'ANIC INTERPRETATION OF WOMEN IN ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Agus Nuryatno

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Asghar Ali Engineer’s interpretation of women in Islam. Two topics discussed in this article are the status of women in Islam and the veil. Engineer offers an approach in understanding the Qur’an to deal with these topics and his method is based on three principles: firstly, the Qur’an has two ingredients: normative and contextual. Normative ingredient refers to the fundamental values and principles of Qur’an such as equality and justice, and these principles are eternal and can be applied in various social contexts. Contextual revelations, on the other hand, deal with verses that were tailored to socio-historical problems of the time. In line with the changes in context and time these verses can be abrogated. Secondly, the interpretation of the Qur’anic verses is very dependent on one’s own perceptions, world-view, experiences and the sociocultural background in which he/she lives. Thus, a ‘pure’ interpretation of the Scripture is not possible; it is always influenced by sociological circumstances, no one can be free of such influences. Thirdly, the meaning of the Qur’anic verses unfolds with time, therefore, the interpretations of classical scholars can be radically different from the interpretation of modern scholars. This is because Qur’anic verses often use symbolic or metaphorical language that is ambiguous in meaning. This ambiguity serves, of course, to promote flexibility and creative change. These three principles can be employed to understand the status of women in Islam and the veil.

  9. Islam dan Pemberontakan terhadap Status Quo: Telaah atas Pemikiran teologi Sosial Ali Syariati

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhlis Mukhlis

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ali Syariati, a Syiah moslem intellectual and a doctor in sociology of Islam, has written books and articles that are inspired by his Islamic internalization as a Syiah moslem. This article, through social theological perpective, is aimed at grasping sociological ideas of Syariati’s by tracing its theological and philosophical basis and his world view. It is found that his ideas are more an expression of islamic thought which are articulated in sociological terms. His ideas aimed to break the opressor-oppressed relation of Iran people at his time. The spirit of his ideas is to vanish the first and, then, awaken the second so that they are able to quit of the shackle of oppression. Those are responsible to do such a hard duty are rûshanfekr, enlightened intellectual. Qs. 28:5 and Qs. 30:1-4 and 30 are among al-Qur’an verses that inspired him and became theological arm rest of his ideas. 

  10. Geochemical and mineralogical features of the polymetallic deposit from Ali' (NE Sicily, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D'Urso, D

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The mineralization processes in the Peloritani Belt (Southern Sector of the Calabria- Peloritani Arc, related to Pre-Variscan intracontinental rifting, produced sedex-type Pb, Zn, F (Ag, Cu, W (As, Sb ores. This paper focuses on the metalliferous stratabound mineralization outcropping in the Ali' area (Tripi locality. It is part of sulphide ores, concordant with the regional foliation of the hosting unit (Fv2, very widespread in the Mandanici Unit (MaU. This unit is characterized by a Variscan low-P, polyphasic and plurifacial metamorphic overprint involving the basement. This metamorphic overprint exhibits a prograde zoning, from a chlorite zone of greenschist facies to an oligoclase-almandine zone of amphibolite facies. The metalliferous mineral association is formed by galena, sphalerite, pyrite, chalcopyrite, arsenopyrite and covellite. Quartz and fluorite among non-metalliferous minerals are predominant. Some minerals like quartz, fluorite, galena, sphalerite and pyrite are present in two generations, the second of which can be related to intense hydrothermal activity involving the whole Peloritani Belt. Trace-element contents of sulphide ores detected by Atomic Absorption and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry on powdered and selected samples of minerals have been determined. Major elements have been analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy. The Ag content is quite high in galena, relative to the same mineral of other Peloritani deposits in which this content is around 1000 ppm. Galena shows a high content of Sb (x=621 and lower values of Cd (x=132 and Cu (x=108 whereas in sphalerite the Sb content (x=134 is lower than Cd (x=1118 and Cu (x=1127. Mn is scarcely present in sphalerite, while galena shows higher contents. Fe content in sphalerite is about 6%, in agreement with Pressure-Temperature conditions of the Unit.

  11. Alteration zone Mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh Porphyry Copper Mining Districts of Iran using Advanced Land Imager (ALI Satellite Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Beiranvand Pour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the capability of Earth Observing-1 (EO1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI data for hydrothermal alteration mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh porphyry copper mining districts, SE Iran. Feature-oriented principal components selection, 4/2, 8/9, 5/4 band ratioing were applied to ALI data for enhancing the hydrothermally altered rocks associated with porphyry copper mineralization, lithological units and vegetation. Mixture-tuned matched-filtering (MTMF was tested to discriminate the hydrothermal alteration areas of porphyry copper mineralization from surrounding environment using the shortwave infrared bands of ALI. Results indicate that the tested methods are able to yield spectral information for identifying vegetation, iron oxide/hydroxide and clay minerals, lithological units and the discrimination of hydrothermally altered rocks from unaltered rocks using ALI data.

  12. Plasma CC16 levels are associated with development of ALI/ARDS in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia: a retrospective observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutter Rene

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite consensus criteria, diagnosing acute lung injury, or its more severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS remains challenging. Adding objective measures, such as plasma levels of biological markers could facilitate recognition of ALI/ARDS. This study was designed to assess and compare the diagnostic accuracy of biological markers for ALI/ARDS with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP. Methods We performed serial measurements of Clara cell protein (CC16, soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE, surfactant protein D (SP-D and Krebs von den Lungen (KL-6 in plasma of patients with VAP and mechanically ventilated control patients without VAP. ALI/ARDS was diagnosed using the criteria of the North-American European consensus conference. Results Thirty-seven patients were enrolled - 22 patients with VAP and 15 control patients. Ten patients with pneumonia met the ALI/ARDS consensus criteria. Control patients never met these criteria. Plasma CC16 had a good diagnostic capacity for ALI/ARDS as shown by the receiver operating characteristic curve with an area under the curve of 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI 0.79 - 1.00; p p = 0.02. The diagnostic accuracies of KL-6 and sRAGE were low. Conclusion Plasma CC16 seems a potential biological marker for ALI/ARDS in patients with VAP. Plasma levels of sRAGE, SP-D and KL-6 have limited discriminative power for diagnosing ALI/ARDS in VAP.

  13. Alteration zone Mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh Porphyry Copper Mining Districts of Iran using Advanced Land Imager (ALI) Satellite Data

    OpenAIRE

    A. Beiranvand Pour; M. Hashim

    2015-01-01

    This study evaluates the capability of Earth Observing-1 (EO1) Advanced Land Imager (ALI) data for hydrothermal alteration mapping in the Meiduk and Sar Cheshmeh porphyry copper mining districts, SE Iran. Feature-oriented principal components selection, 4/2, 8/9, 5/4 band ratioing were applied to ALI data for enhancing the hydrothermally altered rocks associated with porphyry copper mineralization, lithological units and vegetation. Mixture-tuned matched-filtering (MTMF) was tested to discrim...

  14. Incorporation of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology as supplements in energy chocolate confectionery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tongkat Ali (Eurycoma longifolia) and Ginseng (Panax ginseng) are well known herbs among Asians and have been sought after by Europeans and others for the benefits to health, especially as aphrodisiac and nourishing stimulants. They have high antioxidant level and were reported to be used in the treatment of type II diabetes, as well as for sexual dysfunction in men. Since Tongkat Ali and Ginseng are difficult to cultivate and have a long cultivation period, the bioreactor technology is the alternative method to produce huge amount of raw materials for the herbal industry and continuous supply of standardized raw materials that is not affected by geographical and environmental factors, soil less and free from pesticides and other contaminants. Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology have similar profiles as extracts derived from normal cultivation. Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (LC-MS) profiles showed presence of active compounds in the Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from the mass propagated roots. Cytotoxicity test using the brine shrimp (Artemia salina Leach) lethality assay, revealed that higher concentration of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng extracts from mass propagated roots did not kill or affect the brine shrimps, implying that the extracts were safe for consumption. Incorporation of combination of Tongkat Ali and Ginseng total extracts from mass propagated roots derived from bioreactor technology energy chocolate confectionery was accepted by the panelists in sensory evaluation and showed that the chocolate product has good potential as a carrier besides beverages and capsules. (author)

  15. Comparison of the X-ray features between child Hirschsprung alied disease and Hirschsprung disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To compare the X-ray features between Hirschsprung alied disease (HAD) and Hirschsprung disease (HD), and analyze the differentiations. Methods: From December 2004 to December 2009, nineteen cases of HAD, aged from 30 days to 10 years (median, 14 months), received barium enema examinations in our institution. Other 19 cases with HD, also received barium enema examinations, were chosen randomly. They were aged from 42 days to 8 years (median, 8 months). The imaging features of HAD and HD were analyzed retrospectively. The incidence rate of colon stenosis, 'truncation sign' and spasm notch and R/C ratio (the longest diameter of rectum/colon) were calculated and compared between these two groups. In all these cases, diagnosis was confirmed by postoperative histopathology. The position of barium retained was also evaluated. These parameters of both groups were compared by χ2 and Fisher test. Results: There was statistical significance in the incidence rate of' colon stenosis between HAD (9/19) and HD (18/19) (χ2=10.364, P0.05 for both). R/C ratio was 0.42±0.15 in HAD group and 0.29±0.12 in HD group, and there was statistical significance between them (t=2.892, P<0.01). In HAD group, barium retained in distal sigmoid colon in 1 case (1/19), in distal descending colon in 7 cases (7/19), in distal transverse colon in 1 case (1/19), in total colon in 6 cases (6/19); However, in HD group, barium retained in distal rectum in 3 cases (3/19), in distal sigmoid colon in 13 cases (13/19), in distal descending colon in 3 cases (3/19). Conclusions: There were some differences in the imaging features between HAD and HD though they presented similar clinic experience. HAD cases presented a lower incidence rate of colon stenosis and a higher R/C ratio than HD cases. In HAD cases, the most common site of barium retained is distal descending colon, while in HD cases, it is distal sigmoid colon. (authors)

  16. Permanentnost primitivne akumulacije, ali o privatni lastnini, komodifikaciji in povratku rente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Prodnik

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Namen teksta je prispevati k razumevanju ideje o skupnem v obstoječih zgodovinskih okvirih. Avtor opozarja na množico pomenov, ki jih je potrebno vzeti v ozir, ko poizkušamo konceptualizirati skupno, vsaj če ga hočemo razumeti kar se le da celovito. Tega koncepta namreč nikakor ne smemo dojemati le v povezavi s skupnimi viri, področji ali dobrinami, torej v pomenu tega, kar se najpogosteje dojema za skupno posest ali skupno »lastnino«. Skupno je namreč v prvi vrsti koncept, ki ga je nemogoče misliti brez družbenih odnosov, ki so njegov neizogiben del. Omenjen ožji oziroma zamejen pristop, ki je značilen predvsem za politično-ekonomski pogled na skupno, sicer lahko nudi enega izmed ključev za razumevanje raznolikosti skupnega in s kakšnimi tehnikami se ga v epohi bio-lingvističnega kapitalizma eksploatira, vendar bi ekskluzivno osredotočanje le na ta pomen reduciralo kompleksnost tako samega koncepta, kot tudi družbe, v kateri nastaja, s čimer bi lahko tvegali naturalizacijo nekaterih delov družbenega. Prvi del teksta je zato namenjen razjasnitvi mnoštva obrazov in pristopov, iz katerih je mogoče opazovati skupno, čemur šele v drugem delu in s pridržki sledi poizkus politično-ekonomske tipologizacije skupnega. V tem delu sta izpostavljeni predvsem dve »neotipljivi« obliki skupnega, ki postajata žrtvi novih procesov ograjevanja in privatizacije. V obeh primerih se lastnini same informacije, za katere je značilna nerivalska logika ter nizka subtraktivnost, s tem pa se ustvarja nove monopole nad znanjem, ki posredno vplivajo na delovanje celotne družbe. Ti procesi so omogočeni z zunaj-ekonomskimi posegi, predvsem prek uveljavljanja t.i. intelektualne lastnine, ki se na globalni ravni širi prek novih in rigidnih lastniških sistemov (npr. TRIPS, lastnikom pa omogoča omejevanje dostopa ter jim s tem potencialno prinaša ‘profit, ki postaja renta’. Avtor k skupnemu pristopa iz radikalne pozicije alternativne

  17. Epiduralni spinalni apsces nakon vađenja zuba- rijetka, ali moguće fatalna komplikacija

    OpenAIRE

    Škrobot, Renato; Macan, Darko

    2004-01-01

    Poznate su komplikacije odontogenog apscesa, a otežano gutanje kod submandibularnog ili pterigomandibularnog apscesa ozbiljan je i pažnje vrijedan znak. Ali većini liječnika nije poznato da ukočen i bolan vrat može biti pokazatelj komplikacije odontogene infekcije. Upravo je to jedan od prvih, a ujedno i glavni simptom kod epiduralnoga spinalnog apscesa. U literaturi se navodi samo nekoliko slučajeva obrađenih pacijenata s takvim apscesom. Specifičnost epiduralnog spinalnog apscesa jest št...

  18. Mohammed Ali, ʿƎmanini (“Trust me”): Linguistic features of a novel in Tigre

    OpenAIRE

    Lusini, Gianfrancesco

    2012-01-01

    The novel ʿƎmanini (“Trust me”) by Mohammed Ali Ibrahim Mohammed (born 1966) is the first work written in Tigre by a native speaker. This is a true literary and linguistic experiment, which will greatly enrich our knowledge of the Tǝgrāyǝt grammar and vocabulary, specifically its little known variant spoken among the Beni ʿAmǝr. Several phonetic, morphological, syntactical and lexical peculiarities of the text are here examined in order to reveal whether they are dictated by linguistic constr...

  19. Birds of the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History Campus, Anaikatty Hills, southern India

    OpenAIRE

    A.M.S. Ali; S.B. Shanthakumar; S.R. Kumar; Chandran, R; S.S. Marimuthu; P. R. Arun

    2013-01-01

    A study on avifauna was conducted in and around the campus of the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty hills, Coimbatore, Southern India between January 2012 and May 2013. A total of 145 species of birds belonging to 48 families and 15 orders was recorded of which 73 species were residents, 58 local migrants and 14 were winter migrants. Forty species of birds were recorded breeding here. The birds of the campus included two species endemic to Western Ghats and 14 sp...

  20. Birds of the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History Campus, Anaikatty Hills, southern India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M.S. Ali

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A study on avifauna was conducted in and around the campus of the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History, Anaikatty hills, Coimbatore, Southern India between January 2012 and May 2013. A total of 145 species of birds belonging to 48 families and 15 orders was recorded of which 73 species were residents, 58 local migrants and 14 were winter migrants. Forty species of birds were recorded breeding here. The birds of the campus included two species endemic to Western Ghats and 14 species listed under Schedule-I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection Act, 1972.

  1. Zonation of flood production potential in Kabutar Ali Chai watershed using SCS model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jananeh, Keristineh

    2015-04-01

    Kabutar Ali Chai watershed is located on the southern hillsides of Mishow mountains, 75 km northwest of Tabriz, NW Iran. This watershed is confined to 1390 and 3230 m elevation levels, where the general dip is from north to south. The watershed area is 67.46 km2 and the length of the main stream is about 24.5 km. This is one of the flood basins in the region and considering the availability of precipitation data for the 20 year interval and the possibility of flood occurrence threatening the downstream villages, the flood production investigations in order to prioritize the sub-basins regarding their flood-potential were carried out using the SCS method. In this regard, the watershed area was divided into 4 sections based on physiographic and topographic characteristics and the existing stream network: A1 (the southern and the low-height end of the watershed), A2 (the mid-western half), A3 (the mid-eastern half) and A4 (the northern and highest part). The precipitation data for 20 year interval were gathered from the nearby weather stations of Tabriz, Sahand, Marand and Sharafkhaneh based on which, the average annual precipitation is about 294 mm, with the highest amounts of 415 to 450 mm in A4 sub-basin and the lowest value of 253 mm in the southern A1 sub-basin. According to the time of concentration estimates based on the stream lengths and the elevation differences, this parameter is highest in A1 sub-basin with the rate of 1.64 h and lowest at A3 sub-basin with the rate of 0.35 h. This parameter has negative correlation with the flood production potential. The runoff height is estimated using the SCS method. In order to determine the CN curve Number, the maps of hydrologic groups of soil, land use and vegetation were prepared and combined with each other and then, by taking into account the area of each homogeneous unit, the CN number was calculated for the watershed and the related CN map was prepared. The peak discharge of the hydrologic units across the

  2. Frequency of Meningitis in Children Presenting with Febrile Seizures at Ali- Asghar Children’s Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azita TAVASOLI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite This Article: Tavasoli A, Afsharkhas L, Edraki A. Frequency of Meningitis in Children Presenting with Febrile Seizure in Ali-Asghar Children’s Hospital. Iran J Child Neurol. 2014 Autumn; 8(4:51-56.AbstractObjectiveFebrile seizures (FS are the most common type of childhood seizures, affecting 2–5% of children. As the seizure may be the sole presentation of bacterial meningitis in febrile infants, it is mandatory to exclude underlying meningitis in children presenting with fever and seizure. To determine the frequency of meningitis in children with FS and related risk factors, the present study was conducted at Ali-Asghar Children’s Hospital.Materials & MethodsThe records of children aged from 1-month–6 years of age with fever and seizure admitted to the hospital from October 2000–2010 were studied. The charts of patients who had undergone a lumbar puncture were studied and cases of meningitis were selected. The related data was collected and analyzed with SPSS version 16.ResultsA total of 681 patients with FS were known from which 422 (62% lumbar punctures (LP were done. Meningitis (bacterial or aseptic was identified in 19 cases (4.5%, 95% CI 2.9–6.9 by Wilson- Score internal and bacterial meningitis in 7 (1.65%, 95% CI 0.8–3.3. None of the patients with bacterial meningitis had meningeal irritation signs. Complex FS, first attack of FS, and impaired consciousness were more common in patients with meningitis when compared to non- meningitis patients.ConclusionMeningitis is more common in patients less than 18 months presenting with FS; however, complex features of seizures, first attack of FS, or impaired consciousness seem significant risk factors for meningitis in these children and an LP should be considered in this situation. ReferencesKimia A, Ben-Joseph EP, Rudleo T, et al. Yield of lumbar puncture among children who present with their first complex febrile seizure. Pediatrics.2010; 126: 62

  3. The Effects of Physical Education Course on Mental Health of Students in Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan-Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajad Moemeni Piri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionMental disorders are a major cause of morbidity and disability in the worldand can reduce the success and academic achievement. Experts believe that exercise can be used as a means to achieve favorable mental status. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical education course (I on mental health of Bu-Ali Sina University students, Hamadan.MethodologyIn this descriptive study, 108 students of Bu-Ali Sina University, were randomly selected as research sample. Data collection tool was the 28-item standard questionnaire of Mental Health of Goldberg (GHQ-28 with 0. 89 reliability. To determine the suspected cases of mental disorders, cutoff point 23 has been used. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (Pair t-tests at the significance level 0.05.ResultsThe findings showed that the average pretest score of students` mental health was 21.86 ± 8.96 and the average post-test score was 22.55 ± 10.83. 40.7 percent of participants were suspected to have mental disorders before participation in physical education classes (score above 23 and decreased to 37% after the end of the semester, the dependent t-test results showed no significant difference between students` mental health before and after the general physical education (p> 0.05. The post-test results showed that depressive symptoms were significantly increased (p>0.05; 2.81 ± 5.64.Conclusion

  4. ALIS: An efficient method to compute high spectral resolution polarized solar radiances using the Monte Carlo approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An efficient method to compute accurate polarized solar radiance spectra using the (3D) Monte Carlo model MYSTIC has been developed. Such high resolution spectra are measured by various satellite instruments for remote sensing of atmospheric trace gases. ALIS (Absorption Lines Importance Sampling) allows the calculation of spectra by tracing photons at only one wavelength. In order to take into account the spectral dependence of the absorption coefficient a spectral absorption weight is calculated for each photon path. At each scattering event the local estimate method is combined with an importance sampling method to take into account the spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient. Since each wavelength grid point is computed based on the same set of random photon paths, the statistical error is almost same for all wavelengths and hence the simulated spectrum is not noisy. The statistical error mainly results in a small relative deviation which is independent of wavelength and can be neglected for those remote sensing applications, where differential absorption features are of interest. Two example applications are presented: The simulation of shortwave-infrared polarized spectra as measured by GOSAT from which CO2 is retrieved, and the simulation of the differential optical thickness in the visible spectral range which is derived from SCIAMACHY measurements to retrieve NO2. The computational speed of ALIS (for 1D or 3D atmospheres) is of the order of or even faster than that of one-dimensional discrete ordinate methods, in particular when polarization is considered.

  5. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical analyses of leaves and seed storage of abutilon pakistanicum jafri and ali an endemic plant of pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are vast varieties of medicinal plant in the world having therapeutical importance. With increasing popularity of herbal medicine as a curative measure, the need for correct identification and standardization of the plant is also increased. Present work was performed to study the pharmacognostic and phytochemical characters of leaves and exsitu seed conservation by seed storage of Abutilon pakistanicum Jafri and Ali. It is an endemic plant, found in the sub tropical regions of Pakistan and is used in traditional medicine for treating rheumatism. The leaves of Abutilon pakistanicum Jafri andAli were investigated for pharmacognostic parameters. Phytochemical screening, macroscopic characters, physiochemical attributes and fluorescence analysis. The results revealed the presence of pharmacologically active compounds like alkaloids, flavonoids, terpinoids, saponins and phenolic compounds, leaf constant values and the extractive values obtained were found close to the values reported for other Abutilon species, while high ash value indicated presence of impurities in the crude drug. The investigation provides information for correct identification and authentication of plant species for further studies and medicinal evaluation of the species. (author)

  6. Properties of AlyGa1-yN/AlxGa1-xN/AlN/GaN Double-Barrier High Electron Mobility Transistor Structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Lun-Chun; WANG Xiao-Liang; XIAO Hong-Ling; RAN Jun-Xue; Wang Cui-Mei; MA Zhi-Yong; LUO Wei-Jun; WANG Zhan-Guo

    2009-01-01

    Electrical properties of AlyGa1-yN/AlxGa1-xN/AIN/GaN structure are investigated by solving coupled Schrodinger and Poisson equation self-consistently. Our calculations show that the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) den-sity will decrease with the thickness of the second barrier (AlyGa1-yN) once the AIN content of the second barrier is smaller than a critical value yc, and will increase with the thickness of the second barrier (AlyGa1-yN) when the critical AIN content of the second barrier yc is exceeded. Our calculations also show that the critical AlN content of the second barrier yc will increase with the AlN content and the thickness of the first barrier layer (AlxGa1-xN).

  7. Outcome prediction in pneumonia induced ALI/ARDS by clinical features and peptide patterns of BALF determined by mass spectrometry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jochen Frenzel

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Peptide patterns of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF were assumed to reflect the complex pathology of acute lung injury (ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS better than clinical and inflammatory parameters and may be superior for outcome prediction. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A training group of patients suffering from ALI/ARDS was compiled from equal numbers of survivors and nonsurvivors. Clinical history, ventilation parameters, Murray's lung injury severity score (Murray's LISS and interleukins in BALF were gathered. In addition, samples of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were analyzed by means of hydrophobic chromatography and MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis for each clinical and cytokine parameter revealed interleukin-6>interleukin-8>diabetes mellitus>Murray's LISS as the best outcome predictors. Outcome predicted on the basis of BALF levels of interleukin-6 resulted in 79.4% accuracy, 82.7% sensitivity and 76.1% specificity (area under the ROC curve, AUC, 0.853. Both clinical parameters and cytokines as well as peptide patterns determined by MALDI-ToF MS were analyzed by classification and regression tree (CART analysis and support vector machine (SVM algorithms. CART analysis including Murray's LISS, interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 in combination was correct in 78.0%. MALDI-ToF MS of BALF peptides did not reveal a single identifiable biomarker for ARDS. However, classification of patients was successfully achieved based on the entire peptide pattern analyzed using SVM. This method resulted in 90% accuracy, 93.3% sensitivity and 86.7% specificity following a 10-fold cross validation (AUC = 0.953. Subsequent validation of the optimized SVM algorithm with a test group of patients with unknown prognosis yielded 87.5% accuracy, 83.3% sensitivity and 90.0% specificity. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: MALDI-ToF MS peptide patterns of BALF, evaluated by appropriate

  8. Palyginamųjų daugiklių metodo taikymo nelikvidžiose rinkose galimybių vertinimas. Baltijos šalių atvejis

    OpenAIRE

    Vilkauskaitė, Gintarė

    2013-01-01

    Darbe analizuojamos palyginamųjų daugiklių metodo taikymo galimybės Baltijos šalių listinguojamoms įmonėms. Darbo tikslas - įvertinti palyginamųjų daugiklių metodo taikymo galimybes nelikvidžiose rinkose Baltijos šalių listinguojamų įmonių pavyzdžiu. Darbą sudaro trys dalys, kurių pirmojoje pristatomi daugiklių metodo privalumai, trūkumai, praktinio pritaikymo etapai ir skirtingų metodų, naudojamų kiekviename praktinio pritaikymo etape, poveikio vertinimo rezultatams apžvalga. Antroje dalyje ...

  9. Šiaurės Amerikos laisvosios prekybos sutartis, jos veiklos mechanizmas bei įtaka šalių dalyvių ekonominei ir socialinei raidai

    OpenAIRE

    Maslauskaitė, Indrė

    2007-01-01

    Šiuolaikinis pasaulinis ūkis pasižymi nuolatos vykstančiais integraciniais procesais, visos šalys dalyvauja tarptautin÷je prekyboje, išskyrus tokias retas išimtis kaip Šiaur÷s Kor÷ja. Šalys d÷l įvairiausių priežasčių jungiasi į asociacijas, bendrijas, sąjungas, sudarydamos sutartis, konvencijas, susitarimus. Globalizacijos procesas daro reikšmingos įtakos tarptautin÷ms kapitalo rinkoms, prekių rinkoms, makroekonominei (biudžeto) politikai, pramon÷s santykiams ir darbo rinkos re...

  10. Regions of Different Confinement in Low-Dimensional AlyInxGa1−x−yN Quantum Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gröning

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The optical properties of metal-organic vapor phase epitaxy grown AlyInxGa1−x−yN quantum dot structures have been studied by time-resolved photoluminescence experiments. We investigated the recombination dynamics of the photo-exited carriers in dependence of the growth parameters such as aluminium flow and the duration of the growth interruption after the dot deposition. Our results confirm the presence of localized states, where the degree of localization is strongly dependent on the growth conditions. To describe this behavior, we propose a band structure with coupled potentials for these nanostructures. Finally, we demonstrate state filling to prove the zero-dimensional character of the strongly localized states in our quaternary quantum dots.

  11. Unsupervised Clustering of EO-1 ALI Panchromatic Data Using Multilevel Local Pattern Histograms and Latent Dirichlet Allocation Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costăchioiu Teodor

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the last years huge amounts of remotely sensed data have been acquired. Among remote sensing satellites we can mention the EO-1 ALI mission, designed as a platform for testing and validation of new technologies that will be incorporated in the forthcoming Landsat LDCM satellite. In this paper we propose a method for unsupervised clustering of the panchromatic band of EO-1 data using multilevel local pattern histograms to capture local and spatial information by recording the size and distribution of bright, dark and homogenous area within a moving window. For classification task we propose the use of Latent Dirichlet Allocation, a method that can discover complex patterns in data, providing results with a high semantic meaning, close to expectations of the human user.

  12. De la servitude sainte : le cas de la famille Ben Ali Cherif de Petite Kabylie (1841-1957)

    OpenAIRE

    Iberraken, Fatima

    2015-01-01

    La soumission de la Petite Kabylie au XIXe siècle procède au reclassement des grands lignages. Seule, une collaboration zélée permet de monnayer le prix d’une survie, en particulier, pour la famille maraboutique Ben Ali Chérif à qui s’impose une fission du groupe saint restreint doublé d’un décentrement géographique. Depuis la vallée, le capital religieux relégué à la remorque du foncier décide de nouvelles stratégies d’accaparement. La constitution et la mise en valeur d’un latifundium s’opè...

  13. Plasticité du droit constitutionnel et dynamique de l’autoritarisme dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Éric Gobe

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Le droit des institutions politiques dans la Tunisie de Ben Ali apparaît particulièrement plastique et instable car ce sont les échéances politiques liées à la pérennisation du régime autoritaire qui dictent le rythme et la nature des changements institutionnels. Ce droit est conçu de façon à rendre impensable l’éventualité d’une alternance au sommet de l’État tout en permettant aux pouvoirs publics tunisiens de tenir un discours sur la résolution de la Tunisie à approfondir son engagement démocratique. Les récents textes constitutionnels et législatifs organisant la vie politique concourent, dans le même temps à limiter formellement les pratiques autoritaires tout en les autorisant si nécessaire.

  14. New insights into the structure of Om Ali-Thelepte basin, central Tunisia, inferred from gravity data: Hydrogeological implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harchi, Mongi; Gabtni, Hakim; El Mejri, Hatem; Dassi, Lassaad; Mammou, Abdallah Ben

    2016-08-01

    This work presents new results from gravity data analyses and interpretation within the Om Ali-Thelepte (OAT) basin, central Tunisia. It focuses on the hydrogeological implication, using several qualitative and quantitative techniques such as horizontal gradient, upward continuation and Euler deconvolution on boreholes log data, seismic reflection data and electrical conductivity measurements. The structures highlighted using the filtering techniques suggest that the Miocene aquifer of OAT basin is cut by four major fault systems that trend E-W, NE-SW, NW-SE and NNE-SSW. In addition, a NW-SE gravity model established shows the geometry of the Miocene sandstone reservoir and the Upper Cretaceous limestone rocks. Moreover, the superimposition of the electrical conductivity and the structural maps indicates that the low conductivity values of sampled water from boreholes are located around main faults.

  15. Assessment of a volume-dependent dynamic respiratory system compliance in ALI/ARDS by pooling breathing cycles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    New methods were developed to calculate the volume-dependent dynamic respiratory system compliance (Crs) in mechanically ventilated patients. Due to noise in respiratory signals and different characteristics of the methods, their results can considerably differ. The aim of the study was to establish a practical procedure to validate the estimation of intratidal dynamic Crs. A total of 28 patients from intensive care units of eight German university hospitals with acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) were studied retrospectively. Dynamic volume-dependent Crs was determined during ongoing mechanical ventilation with the SLICE method, dynostatic algorithm and adaptive slice method. Conventional two-point compliance C2P was calculated for comparison. A number of consecutive breathing cycles were pooled to reduce noise in the respiratory signals. Crs-volume curves produced with different methods converged when the number of pooling cycles increased (n ≥ 7). The mean volume-dependent Crs of 20 breaths was highly correlated with mean C2P (C2P,mean = 0.945 × Crs,mean − 0.053, r2 = 0.968, p < 0.0001). The Bland–Altman analysis indicated that C2P,mean was lower than Crs,mean (−2.4 ± 6.4 ml cm−1 H2O, mean bias ± 2 SD), but not significant according to the paired t-test (p > 0.05). Methods for analyzing dynamic respiratory mechanics are sensitive to noise and will converge to a unique solution when the number of pooled cycles increases. Under steady-state conditions, assessment of the volume-dependent Crs in ALI/ARDS patients can be validated by pooling respiratory data of consecutive breaths regardless of which method is applied. Confidence in dynamic Crs determination may be increased with the proposed pooling. (note)

  16. Probing the structures of gold-aluminum alloy clusters AuxAly(-): a joint experimental and theoretical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khetrapal, Navneet Singh; Jian, Tian; Pal, Rhitankar; Lopez, Gary V; Pande, Seema; Wang, Lai-Sheng; Zeng, Xiao Cheng

    2016-05-01

    Besides the size and structure, compositions can also dramatically affect the properties of alloy nanoclusters. Due to the added degrees of freedom, determination of the global minimum structures for multi-component nanoclusters poses even greater challenges, both experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a systematic and joint experimental/theoretical study of a series of gold-aluminum alloy clusters, AuxAly(-) (x + y = 7,8), with various compositions (x = 1-3; y = 4-7). Well-resolved photoelectron spectra have been obtained for these clusters at different photon energies. Basin-hopping global searches, coupled with density functional theory calculations, are used to identify low-lying structures of the bimetallic clusters. By comparing computed electronic densities of states of the low-lying isomers with the experimental photoelectron spectra, the global minima are determined. It is found that for y ≥ 6 there is a strong tendency to form the magic-number square bi-pyramid motif of Al6(-) in the AuxAly(-) clusters, suggesting that the Al-Al interaction dominates the Au-Au interaction in the mixed clusters. A closely related trend is that for x > 1, the gold atoms tend to be separated by Al atoms unless only the magic-number Al6(-) square bi-pyramid motif is present, suggesting that in the small-sized mixed clusters, Al and Au components do not completely mix with one another. Overall, the Al component appears to play a more dominant role due to the high robustness of the magic-number Al6(-) square bi-pyramid motif, whereas the Au component tends to be either "adsorbed" onto the Al6(-) square bi-pyramid motif if y ≥ 6, or stays away from one another if x < y < 6. PMID:27119726

  17. Muusikamaailm : Ozawa festival Matsumotos. Pidustused Utrechtis ülehomseni. Philip Glassi uusteos Salzburgis. Alexandre Lagoya surnud. Frangiz Ali-Zade asutamine Luzernis. Wolfgang Wagner 80 / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    H.Saito mälestusfestivalist "Saito Kinen" 29.08-12.09 Jaapanis. Utrechti varajase muusika pidustustest 27.08-5.09. P.Glassi teose "Requiem, Bardo and Nimanakaya" maailmaesiettekandest Salzburgi suvefestivalil 28.08. A. Lagoya elust ja tegevusest. Luzerni festivali resideerivaks heliloojaks oli F.Ali-Zade. W. Wagneri tegevusest impressaariona

  18. Comparative Analysis of EO-1 ALI and Hyperion, and Landsat ETM+ Data for Mapping Forest Crown Closure and Leaf Area Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Yu

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a comparative analysis of capabilities of three sensors for mapping forest crown closure (CC and leaf area index (LAI was conducted. The three sensors are Hyperspectral Imager (Hyperion and Advanced Land Imager (ALI onboard EO-1 satellite and Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+. A total of 38 mixed coniferous forest CC and 38 LAI measurements were collected at Blodgett Forest Research Station, University of California at Berkeley, USA. The analysis method consists of (1 extracting spectral vegetation indices (VIs, spectral texture information and maximum noise fractions (MNFs, (2 establishing multivariate prediction models, (3 predicting and mapping pixel-based CC and LAI values, and (4 validating the mapped CC and LAI results with field validated photo-interpreted CC and LAI values. The experimental results indicate that the Hyperion data are the most effective for mapping forest CC and LAI (CC mapped accuracy (MA = 76.0%, LAI MA = 74.7%, followed by ALI data (CC MA = 74.5%, LAI MA = 70.7%, with ETM+ data results being least effective (CC MA = 71.1%, LAI MA = 63.4%. This analysis demonstrates that the Hyperion sensor outperforms the other two sensors: ALI and ETM+. This is because of its high spectral resolution with rich subtle spectral information, of its short-wave infrared data for constructing optimal VIs that are slightly affected by the atmosphere, and of its more available MNFs than the other two sensors to be selected for establishing prediction models. Compared to ETM+ data, ALI data are better for mapping forest CC and LAI due to ALI data with more bands and higher signal-to-noise ratios than those of ETM+ data.

  19. Experiences in application of professional database about ALI/ARDS following open heart surgery%心内直视手术后ALI/ARDS专业数据库的应用体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈柏成; 陈建新; 肖颖彬; 陈林; 钟前进; 王学锋

    2005-01-01

    目的将数据库技术应用于心血管外科临床资料的管理以及我科承担的全军医药卫生基金课题的实施与开展.方法应用Microsoft Access XP软件、VB6.0、Microsoft SQL建立心内直视手术后ALI/ARDS专业数据库,通过建立专业字典与临床资料表格实现了数据库的专业性;通过控件属性的设置建立了实用的数据录入窗体,减少文字输入,减轻工作量;通过SQL命令语句实现数据库的查询功能;通过与统计软件的联结实现高效能的统计分析功能.结果采用该实用的专业数据库,顺利完成了体外循环心内直视手术后血气分析的变化特点与临床意义、体外循环后ALI/ARDS病例临床分析、体外循环后长时间呼吸机支持与ARDS发生的危险因素分析等多项研究,取得了良好的效果.结论我们自行构建的心脏外科专业数据库,可较全面地收集心内直视手术病人临床资料,从而提高了临床研究的效率,也增强了临床研究的科学性.专业数据库作用的发挥有赖于临床医疗工作中的规范化与制度化.

  20. Probing the structures of gold-aluminum alloy clusters AuxAly-: a joint experimental and theoretical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khetrapal, Navneet Singh; Jian, Tian; Pal, Rhitankar; Lopez, Gary V.; Pande, Seema; Wang, Lai-Sheng; Zeng, Xiao Cheng

    2016-05-01

    Besides the size and structure, compositions can also dramatically affect the properties of alloy nanoclusters. Due to the added degrees of freedom, determination of the global minimum structures for multi-component nanoclusters poses even greater challenges, both experimentally and theoretically. Here we report a systematic and joint experimental/theoretical study of a series of gold-aluminum alloy clusters, AuxAly- (x + y = 7,8), with various compositions (x = 1-3 y = 4-7). Well-resolved photoelectron spectra have been obtained for these clusters at different photon energies. Basin-hopping global searches, coupled with density functional theory calculations, are used to identify low-lying structures of the bimetallic clusters. By comparing computed electronic densities of states of the low-lying isomers with the experimental photoelectron spectra, the global minima are determined. It is found that for y >= 6 there is a strong tendency to form the magic-number square bi-pyramid motif of Al6- in the AuxAly- clusters, suggesting that the Al-Al interaction dominates the Au-Au interaction in the mixed clusters. A closely related trend is that for x > 1, the gold atoms tend to be separated by Al atoms unless only the magic-number Al6- square bi-pyramid motif is present, suggesting that in the small-sized mixed clusters, Al and Au components do not completely mix with one another. Overall, the Al component appears to play a more dominant role due to the high robustness of the magic-number Al6- square bi-pyramid motif, whereas the Au component tends to be either ``adsorbed'' onto the Al6- square bi-pyramid motif if y >= 6, or stays away from one another if x = 6 there is a strong tendency to form the magic-number square bi-pyramid motif of Al6- in the AuxAly- clusters, suggesting that the Al-Al interaction dominates the Au-Au interaction in the mixed clusters. A closely related trend is that for x > 1, the gold atoms tend to be separated by Al atoms unless only the magic

  1. Report of thirty one admissions due to adverse drug reactions inBo-Ali Sina hospital, Sari, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Rafati

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available , (Received 16 May, 2009 ; Accepted 8 July, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Mortality rate due to ADRs are ahead of pulmonary disease, AIDS, pneumonia and automobile accidents. This study evaluated the admission rates in a University teaching hospital related to ADRs.Materials and methods: During this retrospective study between 2001 and 2007, all patients admitted due to adverse drug reaction in Sari Bo-Ali Sina Hospital were evaluated.Results: In these years, 31 patients out of 71,680 were admitted, due to ADRs. Most common ADRs were skin reaction (74% and fever (22%. Phenobarbital and penicillin were the most common drugs causing ADRs.Conclusion: Only 0.04% of hospital admissions were drug related, while reported admission due to ADRs in other countries were 2.4 to 6.2%. It appears that less drug-depended hospital admissions in Iran rational drug administration, but are due to lack of enough detection, records and reporting procedures.J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(71: 67-70 (Persian.

  2. Investigating Factors Affecting Knowledge of Agricultural Science Students of Bu-Ali Sina University of Iran toward Organic Farming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farid Golzardi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate viewpoints of students about organic farming. The undesirable negative consequence of conventional farming has lead to the need and emphasis for new sustainable agricultural production techniques. Agricultural students play an important role in extension and spread of the system. This research was carried out applying a survey method. The respondents were 150 agricultural students from Bu-ali Sina University of Hamedan. Instrument of data gathering was questionnaire. Likert-type scales were used to measure knowledge and attitude toward organic farming. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was higher than 0.7 which was favorable. Validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by an experts’ panel. Data analysis was accomplished using SPSS. The results indicated that access to environmental information as well as the attitude toward environmental issues has positive and direct effect on knowledge toward organic farming. Based on the results, variables of attitude towards health within the framework of environmental attitude exert indirect effects of knowledge toward organic farming.

  3. Measurement of Radon (222Rn) in the High School of Medicine 'Dr.Ali Sokoli' in Prishtina

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Measurements of radon concentration (222Rn) were performed in the largest High School of Medicine ''Dr. Ali Sokoli'' in Prishtina. We choose four locations (classrooms) at ground level, three at first and three on the second floor. In the same premises, the measurements were performed with two methods: using a scintillation cell and a continuous method. The maximum value of radon concentration, measurements with scintillation cells, were obtained by the ground level moving to (573 ± 26) Bq m-3, while the minimum value of (176 ± 11) Bq m-3 was obtained in the second floor. The maximum value of radon concentration measurements with the continuous method was 116 Bq m-3 in ground level, and the minimum value was 70 Bq m-3. Based on these results, we calculated annual effective dose, which ranges between (0.76 ± 0.06) mSv and (2.48 ± 0.11) mSv, by scintillation cells. Whereas, the annual effective dose measuring by continuous method was between 0.30 mSv and 0.50 mSv. Based on those results, we conclude that radon concentration and annual effective doses were within accepted international standards. (author)

  4. First-principles study of spontaneous polarization and band gap bowing in ScxAlyGa1−x−yN alloys lattice-matched to GaN

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    First-principles calculations are carried out to estimate the spontaneous polarization and the band gap bowing in the ScxAlyGa1−x−yN alloys lattice-matched to GaN based on the density functional theory together with a pseudopotential plane-wave method. The results indicate nonlinear behavior of the spontaneous polarization and the band gap energies in the ScxAlyGa1−x−yN alloys similar to that in YxAlyGa1−x−yN (Shimada et al 2011 J. Appl. Phys. 110 074114). The band gap energies and the magnitude of the spontaneous polarization of ScxAlyGa1−x−yN is larger than that of YxAlyGa1−x−yN in a wide range of the mole fraction of Ga. We find that the atomic configuration of Sc affects the magnitude of the polarization in ScxAlyGa1−x−yN. Another finding is the apparent deviation from Vegard's law of the lattice constants of the ScxAlyGa1−x−yN alloys lattice-matched to GaN. (paper)

  5. Aliénés et rebelles : Quérulence et protestation en milieu asilaire (1910-1959)

    OpenAIRE

    Fau-Vincenti, Véronique

    2014-01-01

    Accoler les mots « aliénés et rebelles » peut déconcerter ou diviser selon ce que tout à chacun entend derrière l’idée de folie et de rébellion. En effet, alors que folie et maladie mentale sont associées au délire, à la démence ou à l’égarement, la rébellion s’unit à la révolte, aux attentes de revendications plurielles nourries par des actions conscientes. Les aliénés rebelles à la psychiatrie ont cependant été nombreux, plus encore à la 3e section de l’asile de Villejuif qui, en raison de ...

  6. Study of np2P1/2,3/2 Rydberg series of AlI by the method of laser stepwise excitation and ionization by electric field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frequencies of the 4s2S1/2-np2P1/2,3/2 transitions are measured and the energies of high-lying P states, as well as the ionization energy of aluminum atoms, are determined by the method of two-step laser excitation and ionization of excited atoms of AlI by an electric field. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  7. Mass propagation of in vitro plantlets and extraction of bioactive compounds from Eurycoma Longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali) using cell and organ cultures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eurycoma longifolia Jack or better known in Malaysia as Tongkat Ali is an important herbal plant that owes its popularity locally and worldwide to its aphrodisiac claim and has been sought after as an essential component for the treatment of anti-malarial, anti-ulcer, anti-tumour promoting and anti-parasitic agent and also as health supplements. Quassinoids and canthin-6-one alkaloids contained in Tongkat Ali roots are the main substances having active functions for human body. Propagation is commonly done through seeds or some vegetative means such as cuttings of stems and root, grafting or layering. However, propagation by conventional method is inadequate to meet the demand due to low viability, low germination rate, delayed rooting and long life cycle. Tissue culture has been successfully applied for mass production of plantlets and extraction of many useful secondary metabolites, including pharmaceuticals, pigments and other fine chemicals. Tongkat Ali active substances have also been derived through cell culture technology but its processes need to be optimized before the product can be commercialized. Cell and organ cultures have been proven to be an efficient alternative method for biomass production due to its fast growth and stable metabolite production. In view of its potential commercial value as a plantation crop as well as to conserve its germplasm, micropropagation technique using cell culture system is an attractive method for regeneration and mass propagation. (Author)

  8. Mesostructured HfxAlyO2 Thin Films as Reliable and Robust Gate Dielectrics with Tunable Dielectric Constants for High-Performance Graphene-Based Transistors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yunseong; Jeon, Woojin; Cho, Yeonchoo; Lee, Min-Hyun; Jeong, Seong-Jun; Park, Jongsun; Park, Seongjun

    2016-07-26

    We introduce a reliable and robust gate dielectric material with tunable dielectric constants based on a mesostructured HfxAlyO2 film. The ultrathin mesostructured HfxAlyO2 film is deposited on graphene via a physisorbed-precursor-assisted atomic layer deposition process and consists of an intermediate state with small crystallized parts in an amorphous matrix. Crystal phase engineering using Al dopant is employed to achieve HfO2 phase transitions, which produce the crystallized part of the mesostructured HfxAlyO2 film. The effects of various Al doping concentrations are examined, and an enhanced dielectric constant of ∼25 is obtained. Further, the leakage current is suppressed (∼10(-8) A/cm(2)) and the dielectric breakdown properties are enhanced (breakdown field: ∼7 MV/cm) by the partially remaining amorphous matrix. We believe that this contribution is theoretically and practically relevant because excellent gate dielectric performance is obtained. In addition, an array of top-gated metal-insulator-graphene field-effect transistors is fabricated on a 6 in. wafer, yielding a capacitance equivalent oxide thickness of less than 1 nm (0.78 nm). This low capacitance equivalent oxide thickness has important implications for the incorporation of graphene into high-performance silicon-based nanoelectronics. PMID:27355098

  9. Aligning Learning Incentives (ALI)

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Santiago; Marcelo Cabrol; Mariana Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    Mexican students score low in international learning assessments, particularly in math. To help remedy this situation, the Inter-American Development Bank is supporting a pilot study to identify to what extent performance based incentives for students, teachers and principals in upper-secondary schools can improve students¿ mathematical skills, as measured by their scores in curriculum-based mathematics tests.

  10. Ali predstojnik "dela dobro"?:

    OpenAIRE

    Svedberg, Lars

    2014-01-01

    A common finding of research into school performance is that it is the headteachers who are key actors. If headteachers are important - who is important for them? Thus the purpose of this paper is to provide knowledge about superintendent leadership. What outputs and outcomes are regarded as legitimate and meaningful and what impact does this new focus on performance measures have on the assignments for superintendents? The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse superintendents% per...

  11. Summer students and professor from the United Arab Emirates - from left to right : Alya Ali Binghurair, Shaikha Al Kalbani, Professor Chafia Hejase de Trad, Mariam Al Hassani, Aminah Al Abdouli.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    Summer students and professor from the United Arab Emirates - from left to right : Alya Ali Binghurair, Shaikha Al Kalbani, Professor Chafia Hejase de Trad, Mariam Al Hassani, Aminah Al Abdouli.

  12. Correlation between the interleukin 10-1082 G/A polymorphism and ALI/ARDS: a meta-analysis%白细胞介素10-1082G/A基因多态性与ALI/ARDS关系的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊浩岚; 陈仲清

    2014-01-01

    目的 研究白细胞介素10-1082G/A基因多态性与急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ALI/ARDS)的相关性.方法 全面检索PubMed、Embase、Ovid数据库获取白细胞介素10-1082 G/A基因多态性与急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ALI/ARDS)关系的病例-对照研究,采用等位基因模型、显性遗传模型、隐性遗传模型、共显性遗传模型、超显性遗传模型分别评价ALI/ARDS发病的相对危险度,并按照病种及人种分组对基因多态性进行亚组分析.运用荟萃分析方法综合评价白细胞介素10-1082G/A基因多态性与急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ALI/ARDS)的相关性.结果 采用等位基因模型、显性基因模型、隐性基因模型、共显性模型及超显性模型分别进行分析,结果均表明IL-10-1082 G/A基因多态性与ALI/ARDS的发病风险无显著相关.结论 10-1082 G/A基因多态性与急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ALI/ARDS)无明显关系.%Objective To evaluate the correlation between the interleukin 10-1082 G/A polymorphism and acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods The case-control studies on correlation between the interleukin 10-1082 G/A polymorphism and ALI/ARDS were collected by searching the databases of PubMed,EMBASE and Ovid.The pooled odds ratios were performed respectively for allele comparison,additive genetic model,dominant genetic model and recessive genetic model and subgroup analysis were also performed by ethnicity.Results Using allele model,dominant model,recessive model,co-dominant model,and overdominant model for analysis,they all produced nonsignificant results.Conclusion There is no significant association between the interleukin 10-1082 G/A polymorphism and ALI/ARDS.

  13. Kutsal Değerlerin Siyasete Alet Edilmesi Bağlamında Abdullah b. Ali İsyanı

    OpenAIRE

    Güneş, Hüseyin

    2012-01-01

    Abdullah b. Ali had benefited on creation of the Abbasid state especially has attracted attention on him to defeat the last Umayyad caliph Marwan b. Muhammad in the battle of Zap and by his activities in the process of elimination the Umayyad house. Due to the success of the job was rewarded with the governorship of Damascus and in this process received pledges of hereditary from Abu’l-Abbas, the first caliph of the Abbasid state. But when, Abu Jafar al-Mansur emerged as the second caliph he ...

  14. Valorisation de boues de STEP dans l'agriculture de Guadeloupe. Synthèse de travaux réalisés à l'INRA

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra, Jorge

    2009-01-01

    Ce diaporama présente d’une part, les travaux réalisés à l’INRA en Guadeloupe concernant l'utilisation des boues en application directe, d’autre part les aspects règlementaires de leur recyclage en agriculture. Ces travaux abordent la qualité des boues, la réponse des cultures, la biodégradation dans le sol et leur valeur comme engrais organique et comme amendement. La deuxième partie traite des aspects règlementaires qui représentent des contraintes à l'utilisation directe des boues aux Anti...

  15. The results of treating Hyaline membrane disease with Surfactant during 1 year at Ali-Asghar Hospital, neonatal intensive care unit

    OpenAIRE

    Naeri F; Samaei H

    1999-01-01

    The routine intake of surfactant as a part of HMD (Hyaline Membrane Disease) treatment had significant effect on the prognosis of premature neonates. But since in our country this drug is not widely and routinely used, and there are not records about its use, we decided to make good on this shortcoming through a retrospective study. During 1 year, 54 neonates with HMD were admitted in Ali-Asghar's NICU, 30 of them had gestational age of less than 34 weeks and for 15 cases, surfactant was...

  16. Technical feasibility of a seabed gallery seawater intake at Ras Abu Ali Island, Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia

    KAUST Repository

    Rachman, Rinaldi

    2014-07-23

    Open-ocean intake systems require extensive and advanced pretreatment unit operation to produce feed water with low membrane fouling potential in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) facilities. Alternatively, subsurface intake systems tend to produce high quality raw seawater even before pretreatment. Subsurface intakes extract seawater indirectly through the geological structure of shoreline or nearshore sediments. Water percolation through geological units provides physical and biological treatment, so that the raw seawater is microbiologically stable with relatively low particulate and organics content. Overall, utilization of subsurface intakes will reduce the intensity of pretreatment, which reduces operating cost, lowers chemical and energy consumption, and reduces environmental impacts. An important aspect in the feasibility of a subsurface intake is the compatibility of the local geological environment. In this study, a field investigation was conducted at Ras Abu Ali Island in the Arabian Gulf. This location currently contains an of existing oil company facilities and a proposed governmental marine fish hatchery facility. Recreational, commercial, and domestic potable water uses require the need to use the SWRO process to meet demands. Characterization of the shoreline and marine offshore bottom were performed as well as observation of tidal fluctuations and wave heights. A specific grid area was chosen where 35 sediment samples were collected from the seabed floor for laboratory analysis of grain size distribution, sediment porosity, and hydraulic conductivity. Onsite observation showed that the marine bottom has a low slope creating a wide intertidal area. The lowest tidal zone is more than 150 m from the shoreline defining a far seaward boundary for the intake construction point. A relatively thin layer of mixed-type sediment (carbonate and siliciclastic) covers the marine hardground bottom. The unlithified bottom sediment contains a low mud percentage

  17. Using a source-to-source transformation to introduce multi-threading into the AliRoot framework for a parallel event reconstruction

    CERN Document Server

    Lohn, Stefan B; Carminati, Federico

    2012-01-01

    Chip-Multiprocessors are going to support massive parallelism by many additional physical and logical cores. Improving performance can no longer be obtained by increasing clock-frequency because the technical limits are almost reached. Instead, parallel execution must be used to gain performance. Resources like main memory, the cache hierarchy, bandwidth of the memory bus or links between cores and sockets are not going to be improved as fast. Hence, parallelism can only result into performance gains if the memory usage is optimized and the communication between threads is minimized. Besides concurrent programming has become a domain for experts. Implementing multi-threading is error prone and labor-intensive. A full reimplementation of the whole AliRoot source-code is unaffordable. This paper describes the effort to evaluate the adaption of AliRoot to the needs of multi-threading and to provide the capability of parallel processing by using a semi-automatic source-to-source transformation to address the prob...

  18. Discutindo a dimensão sociolinguística do projeto ALiB: uma reflexão a partir do perfil dos informantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparecida Negri Isquerdo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho centra-se na discussão da dimensão pluridimensional dos estudos dialetológicos e tem como objetivos: i discutir aspectos da dimensão sociolinguística do projeto ALiB (Atlas Linguístico do Brasil, com base no perfil estabelecido para a seleção dos informantes e ii apresentar um panorama das características dos 200 informantes do ALiB entrevistados em 25 capitais brasileiras, discutindo tendências evidenciadas nesse universo de falantes da língua portuguesa contemporânea, especialmente em termos de nível de escolaridade, de contatos com os meios de comunicação - televisão e rádio -; de hábitos de leitura de jornal e de hábitos de diversões - cinema e teatro. Para tanto, recupera dados historiográficos relativos à disciplina Dialetologia, destacando aspectos que apontam, desde os seus primórdios, para a necessidade de se considerar, além da horizontalidade, aspectos relacionados à dimensão vertical dos estudos linguísticos, adotando-se também variáveis sociais como parâmetro para a descrição e análise da fala de grupos sociais fixados em zonas geográficas previamente delimitadas.

  19. Geochemistry of rare earth elements in the Baba Ali magnetite skarn deposit, western Iran – a key to determine conditions of mineralisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zamanian Hassan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The Baba Ali skarn deposit, situated 39 km to the northwest of Hamadan (Iran, is the result of a syenitic pluton that intruded and metamorphosed the diorite host rock. Rare earth element (REE values in the quartz syenite and diorite range between 35.4 and 560 ppm. Although the distribution pattern of REEs is more and less flat and smooth, light REEs (LREEs in general show higher concentrations than heavy REEs (HREEs in different lithounits. The skarn zone reveals the highest REE-enriched pattern, while the ore zone shows the maximum depletion pattern. A comparison of the concentration variations of LREEs (La–Nd, middle REEs (MREEs; Sm–Ho and HREEs (Er–Lu of the ore zone samples to the other zones elucidates two important points for the distribution of REEs: 1 the distribution patterns of LREEs and MREEs show a distinct depletion in the ore zone while representing a great enrichment in the skarn facies neighbouring the ore body border and decreasing towards the altered diorite host rock; 2 HREEs show the same pattern, but in the exoskarn do not reveal any distinct increase as observed for LREEs and MREEs. The ratio of La/Y in the Baba Ali skarn ranges from 0.37 to 2.89. The ore zone has the highest La/Y ratio. In this regard the skarn zones exhibit two distinctive portions: 1 one that has La/Y >1 beingadjacent to the ore body and; 2 another one with La/Y < 1 neighbouring altered diorite. Accordingly, the Baba Ali profile, from the quartz syenite to the middle part of the exoskarn, demonstrates chiefly alkaline conditions of formation, with a gradual change to acidic towards the altered diorite host rocks. Utilising three parameters, Ce/Ce*, Eu/Eu* and (Pr/Ybn, in different minerals implies that the hydrothermal fluids responsible for epidote and garnet were mostly of magmatic origin and for magnetite, actinolite and phlogopite these were of magmatic origin with low REE concentration or meteoric water involved.

  20. Geochemistry of rare earth elements in the Baba Ali magnetite skarn deposit, western Iran - a key to determine conditions of mineralisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamanian, Hassan; Radmard, Kaikosrov

    2016-03-01

    The Baba Ali skarn deposit, situated 39 km to the northwest of Hamadan (Iran), is the result of a syenitic pluton that intruded and metamorphosed the diorite host rock. Rare earth element (REE) values in the quartz syenite and diorite range between 35.4 and 560 ppm. Although the distribution pattern of REEs is more and less flat and smooth, light REEs (LREEs) in general show higher concentrations than heavy REEs (HREEs) in different lithounits. The skarn zone reveals the highest REE-enriched pattern, while the ore zone shows the maximum depletion pattern. A comparison of the concentration variations of LREEs (La-Nd), middle REEs (MREEs; Sm-Ho) and HREEs (Er-Lu) of the ore zone samples to the other zones elucidates two important points for the distribution of REEs: 1) the distribution patterns of LREEs and MREEs show a distinct depletion in the ore zone while representing a great enrichment in the skarn facies neighbouring the ore body border and decreasing towards the altered diorite host rock; 2) HREEs show the same pattern, but in the exoskarn do not reveal any distinct increase as observed for LREEs and MREEs. The ratio of La/Y in the Baba Ali skarn ranges from 0.37 to 2.89. The ore zone has the highest La/Y ratio. In this regard the skarn zones exhibit two distinctive portions: 1) one that has La/Y >1 beingadjacent to the ore body and; 2) another one with La/Y < 1 neighbouring altered diorite. Accordingly, the Baba Ali profile, from the quartz syenite to the middle part of the exoskarn, demonstrates chiefly alkaline conditions of formation, with a gradual change to acidic towards the altered diorite host rocks. Utilising three parameters, Ce/Ce*, Eu/Eu* and (Pr/Yb)n, in different minerals implies that the hydrothermal fluids responsible for epidote and garnet were mostly of magmatic origin and for magnetite, actinolite and phlogopite these were of magmatic origin with low REE concentration or meteoric water involved.

  1. Pb-Zn mineralization of Ali ou Daoud area (Central High Atlas, Morocco: characterisation of deposit and relationship with the clay assemblages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daoudi, L.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Zn-Pb-Fe ores in the Ali ou Daoud deposit (Central High Atlas are found as stratiform levels and as karst fillings in carbonate platforms facies of Bajocian age. Tectonic structures (e.g., synsedimentary faults played a relevant role in the ore emplacement. The dolomitic ore-related host-rock levels are characterized by the presence of kaolinite enrichment in clay levels in amounts directly related to the proportion of the clay minerals. The latter is evidenced by correlation between kaolinite and sulphide contents, suggesting that the installation of kaolinite and mineralisations would result from the same hydrothermal fluid.[Français] Dans les séries sédimentaires carbonatées d’Ali ou Daoud (Haut Atlas Central, les minéralisations à Zn, Pb et Fe en amas stratiformes forment les faciès de remplissage des karsts d’une plateforme carbonatée bajocienne. Le contrôle structural joue un rôle capital dans la localisation du gîte en bordure de plateforme sur des failles synsédimentaires. Dans les niveaux dolomitiques encaissants des minéralisations, les assemblages argileux sont caractérisés par la présence de kaolinite dont la teneur varie parallèlement avec celle du minerai. Ceci suggère que la mise en place de la kaolinite et des minéralisations résulterait du même fluide hydrothermal. [Español] En las series sedimentarias carbonatadas de Ali ou Daoud (Alto Atlas Central, las mineralizaciones de Zn, Pb y Fe aparecen en niveles estratiformes como facies de reemplazamiento de los karsts de una plataforma carbonatada Bajociense. El control estructural desempeña un papel crucial en la localización del yacimiento a lo largo de la plataforma sobre fallas sinsedimentarias. En los niveles dolomíticos que incluyen las mineralizaciones, las asociaciones arcillosas se caracterizan por la presencia de caolinita, cuyo contenido varía paralelamente al de la mineralización. Esto sugiere que la creación de caolinita y de la

  2. Effet des interconnexions brasées sur le signal de capteurs de force réalisés en technologie des couches épaisses

    OpenAIRE

    Maeder, Thomas; Ryser, Peter

    2002-01-01

    Ce travail présente les résultats de mesure sur des capteurs de force à poutre (cantilever), réalisés en technologie des couches épaisses et assemblés par brasure tendre Sn-Ag (Sn96). Les phénomènes de relaxation de la brasure tendre entraînent une dérive du signal de sortie des capteurs. Les résultats sont discutés en fonction de la procédure de brasage et des paramètres géométriques des capteurs (dimensions de la poutre et placement des résistances de mesure), et des recommandations p...

  3. Besoins et pratiques en veille stratégique en Suisse: enquête en ligne réalisée en collaboration avec HEG, HTW, Digimind

    OpenAIRE

    Mermoud, Alain; Madinier, Hélène

    2009-01-01

    Cette étude a permis de réaliser un premier baromètre des besoins et pratiques en veille stratégique en Suisse. Elle a été réalisée en partenariat, via une enquête en ligne, avec la société française Digimind et la Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft de Coire. Le travail s’est articulé autour de quatre grandes étapes : 1. Réalisation d’un état de l’art et choix d’une méthodologie de travail. 2. Rédaction du cahier des charges, de l’état des lieux, et du calendrier. Prises de contacts avec d...

  4. L’offrande céréalière dans les rituels funéraires du sud-est européen

    OpenAIRE

    Mesnil, Marianne; Popova, Assia

    2005-01-01

    L’article tente de procéder à une mise en contexte des préparations céréalières contemporaines destinées aux offrandes mortuaires dans l’aire culturelle de l’orthodoxie balkanique. En effet, les rites dans lesquels prennent place ces offrandes font référence à une conception de la mort qui diffère de notre conception occidentale moderne : la mort est pensée ici comme un long processus dont l’aboutissement est marqué par la transformation du mort en ancêtre. Dès lors, on distinguera deux types...

  5. Aliénation mentale et justice pénale : pour une histoire des représentations judiciaires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Guignard

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à montrer l'intérêt d'une étude conjointe du droit et des procédures judiciaires qui président à la production des archives. Il s'appuie sur l'exemple du traitement de la question de l'aliénation mentale des criminels par la justice pénale au xixe siècle en France et tente de saisir la logique du travail des représentations judiciaires à la croisée du droit et de la psychiatrie.This article seeks to show the interest of a joint study of the law and the judicial procedures which preside over the production of archives. It is based on the example of the treatment of the question of the insanity of the criminals by the penal justice in the XIXth century in France.

  6. Cation distribution and entropic disordering in mixed spinel ferrite Ga0.4Fe0.6NiCr1-yAlyO4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moessbauer measurements (4.2≤T≤2980 K) indicate the presence of entropic disordering in (Ga0.43+Fe0.6-p3+Alp3+)[Ni2+Cr1-y3+Aly-p3+Fep3+]O4 and a linear increase in p with y between 0(y=0) and 0.11(y=1). Entropic spins are located only on A-sites indicating relatively large A-sublattice frustration. Weak A-B coupling could explain this separate sublattice behaviour. Magneton number, along with Moessbauer p values, shows B-site canting which increases with y revealing weakness of A-B interaction. Present system can be called a 'frustrated ferrimagnet' or 'entropic ferrimagnet' where ferrimagnetic and frustrated (entropic) spins are coexisting. (orig.)

  7. Fréquentation des plantes adventices par les abeilles en plaine céréalière intensive - focus sur le bleuet

    OpenAIRE

    Maffre, Cyril

    2011-01-01

    Cette étude s'inscrit dans une logique de préservation des différents genres apoïdes en caractérisant les interactions entre les abeilles et adventices fleuries des strates herbacées vivant en plaine céréalière intensive. En premier lieu nous avons dressé de façon qualitative une liste des genres des diverses plantes sauvages et des cortèges d'apoïdes associés. Cette liste, élaborée à partir de captures d'abeilles effectuées sur patch ou bordures de champs en plaines agricoles, a permis de co...

  8. The results of treating Hyaline membrane disease with Surfactant during 1 year at Ali-Asghar Hospital, neonatal intensive care unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naeri F

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available The routine intake of surfactant as a part of HMD (Hyaline Membrane Disease treatment had significant effect on the prognosis of premature neonates. But since in our country this drug is not widely and routinely used, and there are not records about its use, we decided to make good on this shortcoming through a retrospective study. During 1 year, 54 neonates with HMD were admitted in Ali-Asghar's NICU, 30 of them had gestational age of less than 34 weeks and for 15 cases, surfactant was used. The results of treating this group were then compared with another group of neonates, who were not given this drug. From a statistical point of view, mortality, the length of the period in which the respirator was used, the use of high pressure in respirator, pneumothorax and pulmonary hemorrhage in neonates under treatment with surfactant was significantly less than those of the other group.

  9. Filosofinio ir literatūrinio diskursų sąsajos ir sankirtos Eugenijaus Ališankos poezijoje

    OpenAIRE

    Barkauskaitė, Rima

    2009-01-01

    Riba tarp filosofinio ir literatūrinio diskursų postmoderniojoje kultūroje yra panaikinama išnykus didiesiems pasakojimams. Tai nulemia ne tik literatūros filosofijos atsiradimą ar kalbėjimą apie literatūrinio teksto filosofiškumą, bet ir sulieja filosofinio ir literatūrinio diskursus į vieną, naujos kokybės tekstą, panaikina pačios skirties tarp diskursų prasmę. Lietuvių literatūroje ir kultūroje tokį ribų peržengimą žymi Eugenijaus Ališankos kultūrologinės studijos Vaizdijantis žmogus ir Di...

  10. Analyse statistique de l'assemblage acier/aluminium réalisé par le procédé de soudage MIG-CMT

    OpenAIRE

    Mezrag, Bachir; Benachour, Mustapha; Deschaux Beaume, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    La dépendance vis-à-vis des paramètres de soudage de la géométrie de l'assemblage hétérogène acier/aluminium réalisé par le procédé MIG-CMT dans une configuration à clin est étudiée à travers un plan d'expérience. Les paramètres choisis comme facteurs d'influence sont la puissance de soudage, la distance entre la torche et la pièce ou "stick-out", le débit de gaz et la vitesse de soudage, tandis que les caractéristiques géométriques sélectionnées comme fonctions objectifs sont le poids de mét...

  11. Using a source-to-source transformation to introduce multi-threading into the AliRoot framework for a parallel event reconstruction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chip-Multiprocessors are going to support massive parallelism by many additional physical and logical cores. Improving performance can no longer be obtained by increasing clock-frequency because the technical limits are almost reached. Instead, parallel execution must be used to gain performance. Resources like main memory, the cache hierarchy, bandwidth of the memory bus or links between cores and sockets are not going to be improved as fast. Hence, parallelism can only result into performance gains if the memory usage is optimized and the communication between threads is minimized. Besides concurrent programming has become a domain for experts. Implementing multi-threading is error prone and labor-intensive. A full reimplementation of the whole AliRoot source-code is unaffordable. This paper describes the effort to evaluate the adaption of AliRoot to the needs of multi-threading and to provide the capability of parallel processing by using a semi-automatic source-to-source transformation to address the problems as described before and to provide a straight-forward way of parallelization with almost no interference between threads. This makes the approach simple and reduces the required manual changes in the code. In a first step, unconditional thread-safety will be introduced to bring the original sequential and thread unaware source-code into the position of utilizing multi-threading. Afterwards further investigations have to be performed to point out candidates of classes that are useful to share amongst threads. Then in a second step, the transformation has to change the code to share these classes and finally to verify if there are anymore invalid interferences between threads.

  12. Pb-Zn mineralization of the Ali ou Daoud area (Central High Atlas, Morocco): characterisation of the deposit and relationships with the clay assemblages; Mineralisation Pb-Zn du type MVT de la region d'Ali ou Daoud (Haut Atlas Central, Maroc): caracterisations du gite et relations avec les corteges de mineraux argileux

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mouguina, E. M.; Daoudi, L.

    2008-07-01

    Zn-Pb-Fe ores in the Ali ou Daoud deposit (Central High Atlas) are found as stratiform levels and as karst fillings in carbonate platforms facies of Bajocian age. Tectonic structures (e.g., syn sedimentary faults) played a relevant role in the ore emplacement. The dolomitic ore-related host-rock levels are characterized by the presence of kaolinite enrichment in clay levels in amounts directly related to the proportion of the clay minerals. The latter is evidenced by correlation between kaolinite and sulphide contents, suggesting that the installation of kaolinite and mineralizations would result from the same hydrothermal fluid. (Author) 55 refs.

  13. Investigations on vanadyl doped ARbB4O7 (A=Li, Na, K) glasses by EPR and optical studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EPR and optical absorption investigations are carried out at room temperature on vanadyl doped ARbB4O7 (A=Li, Na, K) glasses. These results indicate that the VO2+ ion enters the glass matrix into a tetragonally compressed octahedral site. The spin-Hamiltonian parameters calculated from the EPR spectra for the three glass systems LRB, NRB and KRB are: gparallel=1.948, gorthogonal=1.976, Aparallel=157x10-4, Aorthogonal=58x10-4cm-1; gparallel=1.948, gorthogonal=1.977, Aparallel=157x10-4, Aorthogonal58x10-4cm-1 and gparallel=1.948, gorthogonal=1.979, Aparallel=157x10-4, Aorthogonal59x10-4cm-1, respectively. The optical spectrum exhibits three characteristic bands for all these glasses suggesting C4v symmetry. The crystal field and tetragonal field parameters evaluated using the optical data for the three systems LRB, NRB and KRB are: Dq=1666, Ds=-3339, Dt=450cm-1; Dq=1666, Ds=-3329, Dt=441cm-1 and Dq=1666, Ds=-3219 and Dt=507cm-1, respectively. The bonding parameters indicate a moderately covalent bond between the metal ions and ligands

  14. Sociological Review of Literatüre of Opportunity For Analysıs of The Ballad of Ali of Keshan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KARABULUT

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Theatre, as a kind of Western modern sense began to appear in Turkish literature from the Tanzimat period on. Muhsin Ertuğrul, several authors have also grown at the initiative of the Republican era. Haldun Taner, who is an important process in the world of literature as the author replaces. He works in the works of modern and traditional elements together successfully. The author has greatly contributed to the modern Turkish theater in the formation and progression. Although many games to write Taner, Epic is known for not Pay. This works in our country, now a pioneer of epic theater, the first native, gave an instance of musical play. Haldun Taner, a critical perspective, the community The Ballad of Ali of Keshan. In this game, the conflict between urbanization and urban life, social distortions, administrators negligence, economic problems and so on. issues be heard. The author, using the power of literature, social, community life in the 1960s, offers cross-sections.

  15. Structural phase stability, electronic structure and mechanical properties of alkali metal hydrides AMH4 (A=Li, Na; M=B, AL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, M.; Rajeswarapalanichamy, R.

    2016-01-01

    The structural stability of Alkali metal hydrides AMH4 (A=Li, Na; M=B, Al) is analyzed among the various crystal structures, namely hexagonal (P63mc), tetragonal (P42/nmc), tetragonal (P-421c), tetragonal (I41/a), orthorhombic (Pnma) and monoclinic (P21/c). It is observed that, orthorhombic (Pnma) phase is the most stable structure for LiBH4, monoclinic (P21/c) for LiAlH4, tetragonal (P42/nmc) for NaBH4 and tetragonal (I41/a) for NaAlH4 at normal pressure. Pressure induced structural phase transitions are observed in LiBH4, LiAlH4, NaBH4 and NaAlH4 at the pressures of 4 GPa, 36.1 GPa, 26.5 GPa and 46 GPa respectively. The electronic structure reveals that these metal hydrides are wide band gap insulators. The calculated elastic constants indicate that these metal hydrides are mechanically stable at normal pressure.

  16. Statement from the 1983 meeting of the International Commission on Radiological Protection: annual limits for intakes (ALI) and derived air concentrations (DAC) for members of the public

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The limitation of the committed effective dose equivalent for members of the public is sufficient to provide compliance over a lifetime with the limit for single organs, thus avoiding non-stochastic effects. Relative values for infants and adults of the committed dose equivalent in a number of tissues per unit intake for each of a few radionuclides have been given: the values for infants are just more than 1 up to 100 times greater than those for adult workers. In each of these cases the appropriate annual dose-equivalent limits recommended by the Commission for members of the public are 10 times less than the corresponding values for workers; the resulting ALI for infants aged six months will be smaller than the values given in ICRP Publication 30 for limiting stochastic effects in workers by factors that range from just more than 10 (for caesium-137) to 1,000 (for ingested plutonium-239). Intermediate factors would apply for older members of the public. The magnitude of the range emphasises the need to consider each situation carefully, with particular reference to children and women. (author)

  17. Phase equilibria and stability of Heusler-type aluminides in the NiAl-Ni2AlTi-Ni2AlY (Y: V, Cr or Mn) systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phase equilibria between the B2 and L21 phases and critical boundaries of the B2/L21 continuous ordering in the NiAl-Ni2AlTi-Ni2AlY (Y: V, Cr or Mn) concentration triangles were determined using diffusion couple technique in the temperature range of 1273-1573 K. The B2+L21 two-phase region in the NiAl (B2)-Ni2AlTi (L21) pseudo-binary section narrows and then disappears due to substitution of the Y element for Ti. The critical temperatures of the B2/L21 ordering at the stoichiometric Ni2AlY, which were estimated from the experimental data on the basis of the Bragg-Williams-Gorsky approximation, decrease linearly with increasing average of the 3d+4s electron concentration of the elements occupying the Y site. Furthermore, the critical composition boundary of the B2/L21 ordering in the concentration triangle was also well described by the electron concentration of the Y atoms. It can be concluded that the electron concentration of the Y site atoms strongly influences the stability of the Ni2AlY Heusler phase

  18. Low-Cost Evaluation of EO-1 Hyperion and ALI for Detection and Biophysical Characterization of Forest Logging in Amazonia (NCC5-481)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asner, Gregory P.; Keller, Michael M.; Silva, Jose Natalino; Zweede, Johan C.; Pereira, Rodrigo, Jr.

    2002-01-01

    quantify both the presence and degree of structural disturbance caused by various logging regimes. Our quantitative assessment of Hyperion hyperspectral and ALI multi-spectral data for the detection and structural characterization of selective logging in Amazonia will benefit from data collected through an ongoing project run by the Tropical Forest Foundation, within which we have developed a study of the canopy and landscape biophysics of conventional and reduced-impact logging. We will add to our base of forest structural information in concert with an EO-1 overpass. Using a photon transport model inversion technique that accounts for non-linear mixing of the four biogeophysical indicators, we will estimate these parameters across a gradient of selective logging intensity provided by conventional and reduced impact logging sites. We will also compare our physical ly-based approach to both conventional (e.g., NDVI) and novel (e.g., SWIR-channel) vegetation indices as well as to linear mixture modeling methods. We will cross-compare these approaches using Hyperion and ALI imagers to determine the strengths and limitations of these two sensors for applications of forest biophysics. This effort will yield the first physical ly-based, quantitative analysis of the detection and intensity of selective logging in Amazonia, comparing hyperspectral and improved multi-spectral approaches as well as inverse modeling, linear mixture modeling, and vegetation index techniques.

  19. Investigations on vanadyl doped ARbB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (A=Li, Na, K) glasses by EPR and optical studies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ravikumar, R.V.S.S.N. [Department of Chemistry, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 605 014 (India)]. E-mail: rvssn@yahoo.co.in; Chandrasekhar, A.V. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502 (India); Reddy, Y.P. [Department of Physics, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502 (India); Department of Physics, Sri Padmavathy Mahila Viswa Vidyalayam (Women' s University), Tirupati 517 502 (India); Komatsu, R. [Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611 (Japan); Ikeda, K. [Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Tokiwadai, Ube 755-8611 (Japan); Yamauchi, J. [Department of Chemistry, Kyoto University, Sakyo-Ku, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan); Sambasiva Rao, P. [Department of Chemistry, Pondicherry University, Pondicherry 605 014 (India)

    2007-05-15

    EPR and optical absorption investigations are carried out at room temperature on vanadyl doped ARbB{sub 4}O{sub 7} (A=Li, Na, K) glasses. These results indicate that the VO{sup 2+} ion enters the glass matrix into a tetragonally compressed octahedral site. The spin-Hamiltonian parameters calculated from the EPR spectra for the three glass systems LRB, NRB and KRB are: g{sub parallel}=1.948, g{sub orthogonal}=1.976, A{sub parallel}=157x10{sup -4}, A{sub orthogonal}=58x10{sup -4}cm{sup -1}; g{sub parallel}=1.948, g{sub orthogonal}=1.977, A{sub parallel}=157x10{sup -4}, A{sub orthogonal}58x10{sup -4}cm{sup -1} and g{sub parallel}=1.948, g{sub orthogonal}=1.979, A{sub parallel}=157x10{sup -4}, A{sub orthogonal}59x10{sup -4}cm{sup -1}, respectively. The optical spectrum exhibits three characteristic bands for all these glasses suggesting C{sub 4v} symmetry. The crystal field and tetragonal field parameters evaluated using the optical data for the three systems LRB, NRB and KRB are: Dq=1666, Ds=-3339, Dt=450cm{sup -1}; Dq=1666, Ds=-3329, Dt=441cm{sup -1} and Dq=1666, Ds=-3219 and Dt=507cm{sup -1}, respectively. The bonding parameters indicate a moderately covalent bond between the metal ions and ligands.

  20. Preparation of phosphors AEu(MoO4)2 (A=Li, Na, K and Ag) by sol-gel method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A series of double molybdates phosphors AEu(MoO4)2 (A=Li, Na, K and Ag) have been prepared by sol-gel method. Their crystal structure and luminescent properties have also been investigated in a comparable way. The crystallization processes of the phosphor precursors were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA). Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) was also used to characterize the shape and size distribution of the phosphors. Samples except KEu(MoO4)2 showed tetragonal scheelite structure in the range of our experiments, and no phase transition appeared. Phosphor KEu(MoO4)2 possessed two structures, and the phase transition took place at about 800 C. All samples with high purity could be obtained at about 500 C for 5 hours, and they all showed intense red light peaked at 616 nm originated from 5D0→7F2 emission of Eu3+ under the excitation of 465 nm or 394 nm light. The excitation spectra of phosphors AEu(MoO4)2 (A = Li, Na, and K) are composed of a strong broad charge transfer (CT) band and some sharp lines, and the relative intensity of CT band, the two strongest absorption lines at 395 nm and 465 nm are comparative, so these three phosphors are good red phosphor candidates for violet or blue LEDs. For the excitation spectrum of phosphor AgEu(MoO4)2, intensities of CT band and the absorption line at 395 nm are much weaker than that of line at 465 nm, thus phosphor AgEu(MoO4)2 is only suit for GaN-based blue LED. (orig.)

  1. Survey of characteristics of neonatal death in neonatal intensive care unit of Boo-Ali Sina educational & therapeutic center between 2003-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azita Bala Ghafari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available , , , (Received 24 June, 2009 ; Accepted 16 September, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: The neonatal mortality rate is an important index for evaluation of public health. It involves the death of infants under 28 days. Obviously, recognizing the characteristics of neonatal mortality in this center, may be useful for promoting the procedures in the NICU, as well as planning to impede the severe complications or death.Materials and methods: This is a descriptive study performed by analyzing the available data from the medical records of NICU patients at Boo-Ali Sina Educational & Therapeutic Center during 2003 and 2006. The number of deaths, names, and medical records number of the dead infants were collected. Among 1238 patients in the NICU, 363 deaths were reported. According to medical records, 222 deaths occurred in neonates aged 0 to 27 days. Data were collected using a checklist, the validity and reliability of which were approved by clinicians. The Descriptive methods were used in analyzing the data.Results: The findings include: 140 subjects were male (63.1%; 72 from single birth (77.5%; the age-group of mothers of 38 cases (37.7% was 20-24 y; 132 cases (59.5% resided in villages; 129 cases (58.1% with prenatal care; 120 cased of Caesarian section (54%; 155 cases (76% with birth weight lower than 2500 grams and 154 preterm (75.5%. Mortality during neonatal period was divided in two groups: early death (0-6 days 142 cases (62% and late death (7-27 days 80 cases (36%.Conclusion: Correct and exact completion of NICU forms would help undertaking descriptive and analytic epidemiologic studies.Key words: Neonatal mortality, early neonatal mortality, late neonatal mortality, NICUJ Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 20(74: 79-83 (Persian

  2. Development of Antisense Therapeutic and Imaging Agents to Detect and Suppress Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase (iNOS) Expression in Acute Lung Injury (ALI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yuefei

    This dissertation focuses on the development and investigation of antisense imaging and therapeutic agents, combined with nanotechnology, to detect and suppress inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression for the diagnosis and treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). To achieve this goal, several efforts were made. The first effort was the identification and characterization of high binding affinity antisense peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) and shell-crosslinked knedel-like nanoparticle (SCK)-PNA conjugates to the iNOS mRNA. Antisense binding sites on the iNOS mRNA were first mapped by a procedure for rapidly generating a library of antisense accessible sites on native mRNAs (MASL) which involves reverse transcription of whole cell mRNA extracts with a random oligodeoxynucleotide primer followed by mRNA-specific PCR. Antisense PNAs against the antisense accessible sites were accordingly synthesized and characterized. The second effort was the investigation of cationic shell crosslinked knedel-like nanoparticle (cSCK)-mediated siRNA delivery to suppress iNOS expression for the treatment of ALI. siRNA with its unique gene-specific properties could serve as a promising therapeutic agent, however success in this area has been challenged by a lack of efficient biocompatible transfection agents. cSCK with its nanometer size and positive charge previously showed efficient cellular delivery of phosphorothioate ODNs (oligodeoxynucleotides), plasmid DNA and PNA. Herein, cSCK showed good siRNA binding and facilitated efficient siRNA transfection in HeLa, a mouse macrophage cell line and other human cell lines. cSCK led to greater silencing efficiency than Lipofectamine 2000 in HeLa cells as determined by the viability following transfection with cytotoxic and non-cytotoxic siRNAs, as well in 293T and HEK cells, and was comparable in BEAS-2B and MCF10a cells. The third effort was the preparation of an iNOS imaging probe through electrostatic complexation between a radiolabeled

  3. Conformational preferences of DNA following damage by aristolochic acids: Structural and energetic insights into the different mutagenic potential of the ALI and ALII-N(6)-dA adducts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kathuria, Preetleen; Sharma, Purshotam; Abendong, Minette N; Wetmore, Stacey D

    2015-04-21

    Aristolochic acids (AAI and AAII), produced by the Aristolochiaceae family of plants, are classified as group I (human) carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer. These acids are metabolized in cells to yield aristolactams (ALI and ALII, respectively), which further form bulky adducts with the purine nucleobases. Specifically, the adenine lesions are more persistent in cells and have been associated with chronic renal diseases and related carcinogenesis. To understand the structural basis of the nephrotoxicity induced by AAs, the ALI-N(6)-dA and ALII-N(6)-dA lesions are systematically studied using computational methods. Density functional theory calculations indicate that the aristolactam moiety intrinsically prefers a planar conformation with respect to adenine. Nucleoside and nucleotide models suggest that the anti and syn orientations about the glycosidic bond are isoenergetic for both adducts. Molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations reveal that the anti base-displaced intercalated conformation is the most stable conformer for both types of AL-N(6)-dA adducted DNA, which agrees with previous experimental work on the ALII-N(6)-dA adduct and thereby validates our approach. Interestingly, this conformer differs from the dominant conformations adopted by other N6-linked adenine lesions, including those derived from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Furthermore, the second most stable syn base-displaced intercalated conformation lies closer in energy to the anti base-displaced intercalated conformation for ALI-N(6)-dA compared to ALII-N(6)-dA. This indicates that a mixture of conformations may be detectable for ALI-N(6)-dA in DNA. If this enhanced conformational flexibility of double-stranded DNA persists when bound to a lesion-bypass polymerase, this provides a possible structural explanation for the previously observed greater nephrotoxic potential for the ALI versus ALII-N(6)-dA adduct. In addition, the structural

  4. Unustatud katakombid / Claudia Haj Ali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haj Ali, Claudia

    1999-01-01

    Arheoloog Jean-Yves Empereur leidis Egiptuse Aleksandria linna lähedal asuvasse kaljusse rajatud katakombid, mis on osa hellenistlikul perioodil rajatud ning pikka aega unustuse hõlmas olnud surnute linnast. Leidude seas on kipsist Meduusa pea nind leide Rooma perioodist.

  5. Tunable deep ultraviolet femtosecond sum frequency laser based on Ba1-xB2-y-zO4SixAlyGaz crystal%Ba1-xB2-y-z O4SixAly Gaz晶体和频可调谐深紫外飞秒激光器∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟祥昊; 刘华刚; 黄见洪; 戴殊韬; 邓晶; 阮开明; 陈金明; 林文雄

    2015-01-01

    Tunable coherent deep ultraviolet (DUV) light sources, especially ultrashort pulse DUV lasers have great appli-cations in the fields of time-resolved, material processing, spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy and laser fusion. In the UV region, the best choice of generating the laser pulses in the femtosecond or picosecond regime is the frequency up-conversation technique based on second order nonlinearities. Over the past three decades, quite a lot of nonlinear crystals, such as LiB3O5, β-BaB2O4, KBe2BO3F2 and Ba1−xB2−y−zO4SixAlyGaz have been developed and employed for gener-ating the femtosecond pulses in the blue, ultraviolet, and even the deep-ultraviolet region. A tunable deep ultraviolet femtosecond laser is experimentally studied based on the new nonlinear crystal Ba1−xB2−y−zO4SixAlyGaz It is a kind of low-temperature phase barium metaborate single crystal belonging to a trigonal system, doped with one or more elements selected from Si, Al and Ga. As an optimized β-BaB2O4 crystal, Ba1−xB2−y−zO4SixAlyGaz completely overcomes the shortcomings of deliquescence compared withβ-BaB2O4, and its nonlinear efficiency and optical damage threshold have also been greatly improved. Using two crystals as second harmonic generation is to compensate for the spatial walk-off effect and the light path walk-off due to refraction effect The optical axis of the second Ba1−xB2−y−zO4SixAlyGaz is twice the phase matching angle with respect to the first one. In a femtosecond regime, short pulse provides high efficient frequency conversation due to their high peak powers, but the group velocity mismatch is a cognitive factor to limit conversion efficiency. It is obvious that after the frequency doubling, the second harmonic pulse and fundamental pulse separate from each other. The second harmonic pulse lags behind the fundamental pulse as they propagate through the crystal and the second harmonic pulse is broadened into a longer pulse duration than the

  6. Clinical significance of PCT in exhaled breath condensate and serum of patients with acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome%ALI/ARDS患者呼出气冷凝液和血清中PCT检测及其临床意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈金亮; 陈建荣; 薛垒喜; 陶一江; 陶国华

    2015-01-01

    目的:研究ALI/ARDS患者呼出气冷凝液( EBC)和血清中降钙素原( PCT)的变化规律,探讨PCT在ALI/ARDS诊断、病情评估、预后判断中的临床意义。方法选择行机械通气的ALI/ARDS患者33例;同时选择20例健康体检者为健康对照组。观察ALI/ARDS患者与健康对照组之间血清和EBC中PCT的差异,分析临床指标和各种指标之间的相关性。结果①ALI/ARDS组EBC和血清中PCT高于健康对照组。②ARDS组患者第七天EBC和血清中PCT中PCT高于ALI组。③存活组患者治疗后EBC和血清中PCT水平下降,病死组患者EBC和血清中PCT持续升高。④EBC和血清中PCT与PaO2/FiO2、APACHEⅡ有相关性。结论 ALI/ARDS患者EBC和血清中PCT的检测,有助于ALI/ARDS的诊断、病情评估和判断预后。%Objective To detect the change of procalcitonin ( PCT) in exhaled breath condensate ( EBC) and serum of ALI/ARDS patients and to explore its clinical significance in diagnosis, illness evaluation and progno-sis. Methods The study selected 33 mechanical ventilation patients with ALI/ARDS as the observation group and 20 healthy people as the control group. The difference of PCT in EBC and serum was compared between the two groups, and the correlation among the clinical indicators was analyzed. Results ①The level of PCT in EBC and se-rum was higher in the observation group than in the control group. ②The level of PCT was higher in the ARDS group than in the ALI group on the seventh day. ③The level of PCT decreased in the survival group after treatment, but it increased in the death group. ④ The level of PCT in EBC and serum was associated with PaO2/FiO2 and APACHE Ⅱ. Conclusion The test of PCT in EBC and serum of ALI/ARDS patients can contribute to their diagnosis, condi-tion evaluation and prognosis.

  7. A new myxosporean species Myxobolus sclerii sp. nov. and one known species M. stomum Ali et al. 2003 from two Indian major carp fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaur, Harpreet; Singh, Ranjeet

    2010-04-01

    The present communication deals with description of one new species of Myxobolus (Myxozoa: Myxosporea: Bivalvulida), M. sclerii sp. nov. infecting eye ball of Catla catla (Hamilton) and redescription of M. stomum infecting scales of Labeo rohita (Hamilton), two major carps of Kanjali and Ropar Wetlands respectively. Spores of M. sclerii sp. nov. measure 7.9-9.5(8.7 ± 1.13) × 4.3-5.7(5 ± 0.98) μm in size. Parietal folds absent. Polar capsules two, equal and measuring 4-5.4(4.7 ± 0.98) × 1-2.6(1.8 ± 1.31) μm in size. A rod-shaped medium-sized intercapsular process is present. Iodinophilous vacuole present measuring 2.19-4.13(3.16 ± 1.37) μm in diameter. Spores of M. stomum Ali et al.2003 measure 9.8-10.3(10.0 ± 0.35) × 7.9-8.7(8.3 ± 0.56) μm in size, with rounded anterior and posterior end. Spore valves smooth, symmetrical, thick measuring 0.88 μm in thickness. Parietal folds absent. Two anteriorly situated polar capsules are equal, pear-shaped measuring 4.8-5.2(5.0 ± 0.28) × 1.5-2.3(1.9 ± 0.56) μm in size, each with a neck leading to a fine duct opening independently. Both polar capsules converge slightly anteriorly but diverge apart posteriorly occupying more than half of spore body. Intercapsular appendix is absent. Earlier, the parasite was recorded in the buccal cavity, muscles and lips of Plectorhynchus gaterinus (Forsskal), Egypt. A new locality-Ropar Wetland, a new location-scales and a new host- Labeo rohita (Hamilton) are recorded for this parasite. PMID:21526031

  8. Comparison of Angiography Findings in Iranian Patients Younger and Older Than 50 Years Underwent Coronary Angiography in Boo-Ali Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moshar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background Coronary artery disease (CAD or ischemic heart disease (IHD is the most common cause of death globally. CAD is a multifactorial disease with many variable risk factors. It is estimated that its prevalence is increasing in various populations. CAD in young adults is also increasing in Iran due to the life style changes. Identifying risk factors and timely correction can reduce the burden of disease and related health problems. Objectives To evaluate the prevalence of CAD and the traditional risk factors according to angiographic findings of patient’s ≤ 50 and > 50 years old. Patients and Methods This is a cross sectional descriptive study on 112 patients who were admitted to Boo-Ali hospital from November 2013 to December 2014 for evaluation of CAD. Self-administered questionnaire consisted of demographic data and risk factors were filled. Angiographic film was reviewed in respect to coronary arteries involvement and echocardiography was performed. For evaluation of left ventricular (LV function, patients divided into two groups of ages ≤ 50 (group A and > 50 (group B years old. Risk factors, coronary angiography and ejection fraction (EF were compared. Results Of the 112 patients, 51 (45.5% were in group A and 61 (54.5% were in group B with mean age of 37.6 ± 4.4 and 63 ± 8.5, respectively. No significant statistical differences were found between the body mass index (BMI, smoking, family history (FH, hyperlipidemia (HLP and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2 between two groups (P > 0.05. Hypertension (HTN was significantly higher in group B vs. group A respect to 65.6% and 31.4% (P 0.05. There were a significant higher number of patients with a decline in EF in group B (P = 0.01. Conclusions The pattern and number of vessels involved were similar in both groups. Based on common prevalence of traditional risk factors among two groups, planning for lifestyle changes is recommended.

  9. Evaluation of radiologic findings in neonates with hirschprung's disease, referred to Boo-Ali Sina Hospital in Sari between 2008 and 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolrasoul Alaee

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 9 September, 2009 ; Accepted 9 November, 2009AbstractBackground and purpose: Diagnosis of Hirschprung's disease is one of the most important problems of pediatric surgeons and leaving it without treatment has its own complications. Early diagnosis in younger age with special attention to clinical and radiological findings can reduce these complications. The aim of this study was to compare the findings of plain abdominal radiography and contrast enema in neonates with Hirschprung's disease.Materials and methods: Twenty seven neonates referred to Boo-Ali Sina Hospital, in Sari (2007-2009 for Hirschprung's disease underwent abdominal X-ray and barium enema, and the findings were evaluated followed by rectal biopsy was. In all cases, radiological and barium enema findings were seen by a radiologist, and in each view presence of serration in colon, distention of colon, absence of gas in colon, small intestinal distention, soap bubble and mottling in RLQ of abdomen, delay on barium transit, recto-sigmoid index, absence or present of TZ (Transitional Zone were assessed. Data were analyzed using SPSS 16 software. Chi-Square test and descriptive statistical methods were used for comparing abdominal X-ray and barium enema effectiveness for differentiating patients with Hirschprung's disease.Results: The findings in plain abdominal radiography were: colonic distention and TZ (82.59%, absence of gas in rectum (48.15%, small bowel distention (7.41%, soap bubble pattern (3.7% and mottling in RLQ (3.7%. In contrast the findings of enema of neonates were: distention (70.3%, delayed barium transition (59.2%, transitional zone (55.5%, barium-fecal mixing (22.2%, micro colon (7.4% and serration (3.7%.Conclusion: A plain abdominal radiography is reliable and useful in diagnosis of the disease in patients with failed contrast enema. Key words: Hirschprung's disease, neonate, plain abdominal radiography and contrast enema J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 20

  10. Review on a Traditional Herbal Medicine, Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali: Its Traditional Uses, Chemistry, Evidence-Based Pharmacology and Toxicology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaheed Ur Rehman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Eurycoma longifolia Jack (known as tongkat ali, a popular traditional herbal medicine, is a flowering plant of the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and also Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. E. longifolia, is one of the well-known folk medicines for aphrodisiac effects as well as intermittent fever (malaria in Asia. Decoctions of E. longifolia leaves are used for washing itches, while its fruits are used in curing dysentery. Its bark is mostly used as a vermifuge, while the taproots are used to treat high blood pressure, and the root bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea and fever. Mostly, the roots extract of E. longifolia are used as folk medicine for sexual dysfunction, aging, malaria, cancer, diabetes, anxiety, aches, constipation, exercise recovery, fever, increased energy, increased strength, leukemia, osteoporosis, stress, syphilis and glandular swelling. The roots are also used as an aphrodisiac, antibiotic, appetite stimulant and health supplement. The plant is reported to be rich in various classes of bioactive compounds such as quassinoids, canthin-6-one alkaloids, β-carboline alkaloids, triterpene tirucallane type, squalene derivatives and biphenyl neolignan, eurycolactone, laurycolactone, and eurycomalactone, and bioactive steroids. Among these phytoconstituents, quassinoids account for a major portion of the E. longifolia root phytochemicals. An acute toxicity study has found that the oral Lethal Dose 50 (LD50 of the alcoholic extract of E. longifolia in mice is between 1500–2000 mg/kg, while the oral LD50 of the aqueous extract form is more than 3000 mg/kg. Liver and renal function tests showed no adverse changes at normal daily dose and chronic use of E. longifolia. Based on established literature on health benefits of E. longifolia, it is important to focus attention on its more active constituents and the constituents’ identification, determination, further development and most

  11. Review on a Traditional Herbal Medicine, Eurycoma longifolia Jack (Tongkat Ali): Its Traditional Uses, Chemistry, Evidence-Based Pharmacology and Toxicology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Shaheed Ur; Choe, Kevin; Yoo, Hye Hyun

    2016-01-01

    Eurycoma longifolia Jack (known as tongkat ali), a popular traditional herbal medicine, is a flowering plant of the family Simaroubaceae, native to Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam and also Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos and Thailand. E. longifolia, is one of the well-known folk medicines for aphrodisiac effects as well as intermittent fever (malaria) in Asia. Decoctions of E. longifolia leaves are used for washing itches, while its fruits are used in curing dysentery. Its bark is mostly used as a vermifuge, while the taproots are used to treat high blood pressure, and the root bark is used for the treatment of diarrhea and fever. Mostly, the roots extract of E. longifolia are used as folk medicine for sexual dysfunction, aging, malaria, cancer, diabetes, anxiety, aches, constipation, exercise recovery, fever, increased energy, increased strength, leukemia, osteoporosis, stress, syphilis and glandular swelling. The roots are also used as an aphrodisiac, antibiotic, appetite stimulant and health supplement. The plant is reported to be rich in various classes of bioactive compounds such as quassinoids, canthin-6-one alkaloids, β-carboline alkaloids, triterpene tirucallane type, squalene derivatives and biphenyl neolignan, eurycolactone, laurycolactone, and eurycomalactone, and bioactive steroids. Among these phytoconstituents, quassinoids account for a major portion of the E. longifolia root phytochemicals. An acute toxicity study has found that the oral Lethal Dose 50 (LD50) of the alcoholic extract of E. longifolia in mice is between 1500-2000 mg/kg, while the oral LD50 of the aqueous extract form is more than 3000 mg/kg. Liver and renal function tests showed no adverse changes at normal daily dose and chronic use of E. longifolia. Based on established literature on health benefits of E. longifolia, it is important to focus attention on its more active constituents and the constituents' identification, determination, further development and most importantly, the

  12. Erken Cumhuriyet Yılları Milli Kimlik Tartışmaları: Hasan Ali Yücel ve Türkiye’de Hümanizma Arayışları Discussions on National Identity in the Early Republican Years: Hasan Ali Yucel and Searching for Turkish Humanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre YILDIRIM

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to demonstrate a small group of intellectuals’ thoughts on nationalism and Turkish national identity who had tried to give an answer by searching for a new and unique Turkish humanism in general and particularly former Minister of Education, Hasan Ali Yücel’s period (1939-1946 and his humanist reformist approach to politics during the nation/identity-building process in the early decades of Republican Era. After the historical and social transition, French Revolution spreading the ideas of equality, liberty and fraternity giving rise to nationalist movements throughout Europe ended up with the decline of the multi-national empires and gave birth to the nation-states. Like the others, a new nation-state, Turkish Republic was established after the Ottoman Empire had collapsed. Turkish modernization initially took a form of westernization. Three ideologies; Pan-Ottomanism, Pan-Islamism and Pan-Turkism were seen as an appropriate direction for the society’s search for a new identity. At the same time, Turkish national identity was seen as an appropriate direction for the society’s search for a new identity and The republican elite embarked a radical stand and defined Turkish identiy as western modern secular nation which later became a dominant ideology for the new republic. At the time of early years of Republic, there were seen different acceptions for the content national identity. Hasan Ali Yücel and intellectuals searching for Turkish humanism defined modern Turkish identity by deriving it from Anatolian humanism, which could be realized through a Turkish Renaissance and claimed that it would be possible to create a unique Anatolian identity by this definition. Bu çalışma, Modern Türkiye tarihinin erken Cumhuriyet yıllarının ulus-devletleşme sürecinde milliyetçilik ve milli kimlik üzerine yaşanan tartışmalara katkıları açısından milli kimliğin içeriğini belirlemede Türkiye’ye özgü yeni bir

  13. İstanbul Darülfünunu Fen Fakültesi Kimya Zümresi Müderris Muavini Mehmed Ali Kağıtçı

    OpenAIRE

    Etker, Şeref

    2011-01-01

    The formative years of M.A. Kağıtçı, industrial chemist and paper engineer Şeref Etker Mehmet Ali Kağıtçı (1899-1982), a leading figure in the emergence of modern paper industry in Turkey, began his studies in 1919 at the Faculty of Sciences of the Darülfünun, the institution of higher education, which was later transformed to the Istanbul University. As the German academic staff at the Faculty of Science left Istanbul following the armistice ending World War I, the task of teaching industr...

  14. Spectroscopic Characterization of GaAs and AlxGa1 – xAs / AlyGa1 – yAs Quantum Well Heterostructures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirgender Kumar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This work presents the results of the characterization of GaAs and AlxGa1 – xAs / AlyGa1 – yAs quantum well hetero-structures growth by MOVPE system. The main goal is to explore the ability of characterization techniques for multilayer structures like quantum wells. The characterization was performed using photoreflectance spectroscopy, surface photovoltaic spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The experimental results are verified by numerical simulation.

  15. Hasan Ali Toptaş'ın Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı'nda Büyülü Gerçekçilik In Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı of Hasan Ali Toptaş Megical Realism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktay YİVLİ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In narrations of magical reality, real and unreal, ordinary andextraordinary, authentic and imaginary elements exist together withoutany conflict. Magical Realism flourishes especially in the twentiethcentury Latin American Literature. This sense results from the struggleof comprehending and narrating new reality as opposed to fantasticfictions and tales. In his novel called Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı, Hasan AliToptaş included the techniques and elements used in the samples ofmagical realism, such as de-familiarization, singularity, indefiniteness,dead people and multiple narrators.As be different fantastic in magical realism fictional people havebeen to become inured to in a world which is together realty and magic,just about accepted it as a natural media. Formal notice of magicalrealism from fantastic is that it selects spaces from realty world notimaginary world.In his novel called Kayıp Hayaller Kitabı, external reality isn’talways reflected one to one. The narration differentiates from classicnarrative structure reality in terms of presentations. Event descriptionsseen, heard and dreamed are presented in an imaginary order. In thenovel, the nature of entities and objects are given as changed Thus ittries to catch to catch another dimension of reality. The people in thenovel doubt from their own realities. What is real, what is not realbecome confused.After all these features, the novel studied should be considered asa magical realistic novel and should be evaluated as use aesthetics ofmagical realism. Büyülü gerçekçi anlatılarda gerçekle gerçek dışı, olağanla olağan olmayan, düşsel ile sahici ögeler aynı dünyanın içinde herhangi bir çatışmaya girmeden yaşarlar. Büyülü gerçekçilik özellikle yirminci yüzyıl Latin Amerikan edebiyatında gelişip serpilmiştir. Bu anlayış fantastikten ve masaldan ayrı olarak yeni gerçekliği kavramanın ve anlatmanın bir çabası olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. Hasan Ali

  16. Predit "Texture-Bruit" (subvention MENRT 03K228) : Compte rendu des relevés de profils réalisés à Bourges (18) sur la RD 16

    OpenAIRE

    Marsac, Paul; Maisonneuve, Patrick; LABORATOIRE CENTRAL DES PONTS ET CHAUSSEES - LCPC

    2005-01-01

    Le présent document rend compte des mesures de profils réalisées sur la toute départementale 16 à Bourges (18) par la section Infrastructure et Sécurité Routière du LCPC dans le cadre du PREDIT "bruit de contact pneumatique chaussée". La zone de mesure est située à l'entrée de Bourges en venant de La Chapelle Saint Ursin à la hauteur d'une voie sans issue environ 250m avant les feux tricolores, sur une section ne comportant pas de PR. Elle est constituée d'un revêtement en béton bitumineux tr...

  17. Veiksnių, lemiančių naftos stokojančių šalių įsitraukimą į bioetanolio gamybą, analizė

    OpenAIRE

    Kniūkšta, Bernardas

    2013-01-01

    Straipsnyje analizuojami įsitraukimo į bioetanolio gamybą veiksniai naftos stokojančiose šalyse. Dalis šių veiksnių, tokių kaip naftos importas, gausūs žemės ūkio gamybos ištekliai arba dalyvavimas tarptautiniuose susitarimuose dėl klimato kaitos mažinimo, atspindi priežastį, dėl kurios šalims kyla poreikis įsitraukti į biodegalų gamybą. Galima teigti, kad minėtais veiksniais nusakomi šalių įsitraukimo į biodegalų gamybą interesai. Straipsnyje pateiktos teorinės įžvalgos apie įsitraukimo į bi...

  18. Etude bioécologique du complexe des insectes liés aux cultures céréalières dans la region de Batna. (Algérie)

    OpenAIRE

    FRITAS, Saïd

    2012-01-01

    Dans le cadre de l'étude biocénotique des insectes liés aux liées aux cultures céréalières dans la région de Batna. Algérie, une connaissance aussi complète que possible de l'entomofaune fréquentant de blé dur s'avère indispensable. Les différentes méthodes de capture des insectes utilisées nous ont permis de récolter un nombre important des espèces, et un grand nombre reste encore inconnu. Ces espèces sont réparties entre 11 ordres systématiques dont les plus importants sont l...

  19. İslam Dünyasının İlk Tıp Ansiklopedisi Firdevsü'l-Hikme ve Müellifi ?Ali b. Sehl Rabban Taberi: Hayatı ve Eserleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim Aydüz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As a physician, scientist and philosopher, ‘Alī b. Sahl Rabbān al-Ṭabarī was the son of Sahl Sahl Rabbān al-Ṭabarī. ‘Ali was born in the educated and intellectual Christian family. He wrote many books on philosophy, medicine and religious matters. Particularly, his Firdaws al-ḥikma is the first ever written medical encyclopaedia which incorporates all the branches of the medical sciences. This article demonstrates how important ‘Alī b. Sahl al-Ṭabarī’s contribution was significant in Muslim heritage in terms of philosophical, religious and medicinal works. A rich bibliography backs the arguments of the articles and provides a solid basis for further reading.

  20. Retraction: "Concurrent inhibition of NF-κB, cyclooxygenase-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor leads to greater anti-tumor activity in pancreatic cancer" by Ali et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on March 8, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figures 2A, 4, 6A, and 6C to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Ali S, Banerjee S, Schaffert JM, El-Rayes BF, Philip PA, Sarkar FH. 2010. Concurrent inhibition of NF-κB, cyclooxygenase-2, and epidermal growth factor receptor leads to greater anti-tumor activity in pancreatic cancer. J Cell Biochem 110:171-181; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22523. PMID:27301888

  1. Linear and nonlinear optical properties of GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs/GaAs/AlyGa1−yAs multi-shell spherical quantum dot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, the optical properties of GaAs/AlxGa1−xAs/GaAs/AlyGa1−yAs multi-shell quantum dot heterostructure have been studied as a function of Al doping concentrations for cases with and without a hydrogenic donor atom. It has been observed that the absorption coefficient strength and/or resonant absorption wavelength can be adjusted by changing the Al content of inner-barrier and/or outer-barrier regions. Besides, it has been shown that the donor atom has an important effect on the control of the electronic and optical properties of the structure. The results have been presented as a function of the Al contents of the inner-barrier x and outer-barrier y regions and probable physical reasons have been discussed

  2. 维生素E对LPS诱导的急性肺损伤中氧化应激的影响%Effect of Vitamin E on oxidative stress of LPS-induced ALI

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天杰; 李雪飞

    2013-01-01

      目的:探讨维生素E对脂多糖(lipopolysaccharide,LPS)诱导的急性肺损伤(acute lung injury,ALI)中氧化应激状态的影响。方法:以Wistar大鼠为研究对象,实验分成正常对照组、ALI组及维生素E预处理组。用LPS作用于大鼠6 h后检测各组大鼠肺组织中丙二醛(Malondialdehyde,MDA)的含量、乳酸脱氢酶(lactate dehydroge-nase,LDH)及超氧化物歧化酶(superoxide dismutase,SOD)活性,并应用RT-PCR及ELISA法检测大鼠肺组织中TNF-α的水平。结果:ALI组与正常对照组比较SOD活性下降、LDH的活性增强、MDA的含量升高,且TNF-αmRNA 及蛋白的表达增加(P﹤0.05);维生素E预处理组与ALI组比较SOD活性增强,LDH的活性减弱, MDA的含量降低,TNF-αmRNA 及蛋白的表达降低(P﹤0.05)。结论:维生素E预处理可减轻LPS诱导的ALI大鼠肺组织的脂质过氧化损伤,减少炎症因子的表达,发挥一定的抗损伤效应。%Objective To explore the effect of vitamin E on oxidative stress of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in-duced acute lung injury (ALI).Methods Wistar rats as the research object, the experiment is divided into normal group, ALI group and vitamin E pretreatment group. After LPS treat rats on 6 hours,MDA content, LDH and SOD activity in the lung tissue were detected, RT-PCR and ELISA were used to detect TNF-αexpression of lung.Re-sults ALI groups activity of SOD decreased, activity of LDH strengthen,content of MDA increased and TNF alpha mRNA and protein expression increased compared with normal groups (P﹤0.05).Vitamin E pretreatment groups activity of SOD strengthen, activity of LDH abated, content of MDA reduced, and TNF alpha mRNA and protein expression reduced compared with LPS groups (P﹤0.05).Conclusion Vitamin E pretreatment can reduce lipid peroxidation damage and inflammatory factor expression of lung tissue in LPS-induced ALI, playing against-in-jury effect.

  3. Recherches sur les biocénoses céréalières. I. - Incidence à long terme des rotations maïs-blé sur les niveaux de populations d’insectes ravageurs

    OpenAIRE

    Chambon, Jean-Pierre

    1982-01-01

    La connaissance des biocénoses est la base écologique indispensable pour comprendre le fonctionnement des agrosystèmes, pour apprécier les répercussions des interventions phytosanitaires et les aménager rationnellement. De 1974 à 1980, l’évolution des populations d’insectes a été étudiée dans les cultures céréalières du Bassin parisien par des techniques de piégeage qui ont permis de mettre en évidence l’abondance et la complexité de la faune entomologique des milieux céréaliers. Cette ...

  4. Nepilnamečių baudžiamosios atsakomybės ypatumai pagal Lietuvos ir užsienio šalių baudžiamuosius įstatymus

    OpenAIRE

    Naidionova, Veronika

    2009-01-01

    Nepilnamečių nusikalstamumo lygis daugelyje šalių yra pakankamai aukštas, todėl ši problema yra aktuali tiek Lietuvoje, tiek kitose užsienio šalyse. Dėmesys, kurį Europos visuomenė teikia jaunimo nusikalstamumui, reiškia, kad turi būti rastos veiksmingos reagavimo priemonės, paremtos trimis principais – prevencija, baudžiamosiomis auklėjamosiomis priemonėmis ir nepilnamečių bei jaunų pažeidėjų socialine integracija ar reintegracija. Magistro darbe pasitelkiant įvairius mokslinius metodus siek...

  5. Retraction: "Inactivation of Ink4a/Arf Leads to Deregulated Expression of miRNAs in K-Ras Transgenic Mouse Model of Pancreatic Cancer" by Ali et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    The above article, published online on June 21, 2012 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5A to be inappropriately manipulated. Literature Cited Ali S, Banerjee S, Logna F, Bao B, Philip PA, Korc M, Sarkar FH. 2012. Inactivation of Ink4a/Arf leads to deregulated expression of miRNAs in K-Ras transgenic mouse model of pancreatic cancer. J Cell Physiol 227:3373-3380; doi: 10.1002/jcp.24036. PMID:27315161

  6. 27 August 2013 - Signature of an Agreement between KTO Karatay University in Turkey represented by the Dean of Engineering Professor Ali Okatan, CERN represented by Director for Research and Computing Dr Sergio Bertolucci and ALICE Collaboration represented by ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson Dr Paolo Giubellino.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2013-01-01

    27 August 2013 - Signature of an Agreement between KTO Karatay University in Turkey represented by the Dean of Engineering Professor Ali Okatan, CERN represented by Director for Research and Computing Dr Sergio Bertolucci and ALICE Collaboration represented by ALICE Collaboration Spokesperson Dr Paolo Giubellino.

  7. The randomized, controlled trials for treatment of ALI/ARDS by enteral nutrition with EPA and GLA%多不饱和脂肪酸肠内营养治疗急性肺损伤/急性呼吸窘迫综合征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗亮

    2011-01-01

    多不饱和脂肪酸(PUFA)富含二十碳五烯酸(EPA)和γ-亚麻酸(GLA),治疗急性肺损伤(ALI)/急性呼吸窘迫综合征(ARDS)是近年来的又一进展.迄今为止,EPA+GLA的肠内营养(EN)制剂用于ALI/ARDS治疗的前瞻性、随机、双盲对照试验已有四项.其结论显示,EPA+GLA的EN治疗ALI/ARDS,有助于早期改善病人的氧合情况和缩短机械通气时间,同时改善呼吸力学情况、缩短ICU入住时间、减少新发器官功能衰竭以及改善生存等.EPA+GLA的EN治疗ALUARDS的临床随机对照试验结果仍存在异质性和局限性,需要进一步大型随机对照临床试验.%Polyunsaturated fatty acid has been used in clinical setting for a long time. Now, an advancement has been achieved in the adjuvant treatment of acute lung injury (ALI) or acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) by enteral nutrition with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). Up to now, four prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials have been completed, which concentrated its' attention on the therapeutic effect of enteral nutrition with EPA and GLA on ALI/ARDS. These results showed that nutrition therapy with EPA and GLA could improve oxygenation and reduce the requirement of ventilation. However, the heterogeneity of results and the limitation of studies really exits, which need large scale randomized, controlled clinical trial .

  8. Le diagnostic anténatal de la trisomie 21 par l'hybridation in situ en fluorescence (FISH): à propos des premiers tests réalisés au Maroc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamzouri, Afaf; Natiq, Abdelhafid; Tajir, Mariam; Sendid, Mohamed; Sefiani, Abdelaziz

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Le but de cette étude était de présenter les premiers résultats de diagnostic anténatal de la trisomie 21 par la technique d'hybridation in situ en fluorescence (FISH) au Maroc et discuter son intérêt dans le diagnostic rapide de cette aneuploïdie. Méthodes Ce travail a été réalisé chez 23 femmes avec des grossesses à haut risque de trisomie 21. La moyenne d’âge des gestantes étaient de 37,43 ans avec des extrêmes de 21 et 43 ans. Toutes étaient musulmanes mariées, mariage légitimé par la Charia, dont trois mariages consanguins, sauf une originaire de la République Démocratique du Congo qui était chrétienne et concubine. La majorité des femmes étaient fonctionnaires et avaient un niveau de scolarisation moyen à élevé. Toutes les patientes ont bénéficié d'une consultation de génétique médicale au cours de laquelle il leur a été donné des informations sur la technique, son intérêt et ses limites. Il s'agit de femmes enceintes qui avaient soit un âge maternel élevé ou des signes d'appel échographiques et/ ou biochimiques. Une des patientes était porteuse d'une translocation robertsonienne t(14;21) équilibrée. Une amniocentèse a été réalisée chez toutes les gestantes et aucun avortement n'a était induit par ce geste invasif. L’âge gestationnel moyen à la première consultation était de 14 semaines d'aménorrhée (SA) et à l'amniocentèse était de 16 SA et 5 jours. L'analyse FISH a été réalisée, après consentement des couples, sur des cellules non cultivées à partir des échantillons de liquides amniotiques, en utilisant des sondes spécifiques du chromosome 21. Résultats Parmi les 23 patientes qui ont bénéficiées d'un diagnostic anténatal de la trisomie 21 par la technique FISH, nous avons pu rassurer 21 d'entre elles, et nous avons détecté deux cas de trisomie 21 fœtal. Conclusion La technique FISH permet un diagnostic anténatal rapide, en moins de 48h, de la trisomie 21 sur

  9. Assessment of the prevalence of refractive eye error and IOP during pregnancy and after delivery in patients referred to ophthalmology clinic of Boo-Ali Hospital of Qazvin in 1387

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Khalaj

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 30 Jan 2010, 2010 ; Accepted 25 April, 2010AbstractBackground and purpose: Many pregnant women some of whom also suffer from refractive errors and use eyeglasses attend eye clinics The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of refractive eye errors and changes in IOP, during pregnancy and after delivery among patients referred to ophthalmology clinic of Boo-Ali Hospital of Qazvin.Materials and methods: The study was conducted at eye clinic of Boo-Ali Hospital in Gazvin- Iran. A total of 150 pregnant women aged 17 to 38 years (mean 24.76 ± 4.61 were treated by ophthalmologist in three stages (16- and 32- week of pregnancy and 4 months after childbirth. Initially, all pregnant women were visited by a gynecologist and then they were referred to the ophthalmology clinic. The visual acuity was determined using chart Snellen from a distance of 6m and then refractive errors were measured by static retinoscopy and autorefractometer. Intraocular pressure was measured using air-puls noncontact tonometer in three stages.Results: In the first stage (16-week of pregnancy, hyperopia was seen in 12 patients (%8, myopia in 104 patients (%69.3, astigmatism in 26 patients (%17.3 and 8 patients (%5.3 were normal. The results of the second stage (32-week of pregnancy showed that 3 patients (%2 were hyperopia, 143 patients (%95 myopia, 2 patients (%1.3 astigmatism and 2 patients (%1.3 were normal. Four months after childbirth, 5 patients (%3.3 were hyperopia, 129 patients (%86 myopia, 13 patients (%13.7 astigmatism and 3 patients (%2 normal. The estimated relative risk of myopia was increased significantly in the second stage. The patients' IOP in the first stage was higher than the second stage and this difference was statistically significant (P<0.05.Conclusion: The results of this research showed that there is a significant relationship between pregnancy and myopia. IOP was reduced during pregnancy and return to the normal level after delivery

  10. Research on engineering geological properties and transformation measurements of salted frozen soil of the Ali airport%阿里机场盐渍化冻土工程地质特性及其改良

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙俊; 张旭

    2013-01-01

    Ali airport is located in the Ali region of Tibet, which is the second highest airport above sea level in China. It lies in a unique climate zone in the cold plateau with monsoon and drought. The annual average temperature in most of the time of the year is below zero degree centigrade. Groundwater in the shallow aquifer contains salt, forming the salted frozen soil foundation at the airport. The engineering geological properties of the salted frozen soil are unique. There is not any experience in design and construction of airport of this kind in the history of Chinese airport construction. By examining the engineering geological properties, this paper puts forward a series of targeted treatment schemes applied to engineering construction. The airport is now safely operated and monitored by related tests for more than two years. It is proven that these technical schemes have successfully shoveled the problem of seasonal salted frozen soil in the airport runway foundation. The results also provide experience for similar airport construction in the plateau area of China.%阿里机场位于西藏阿里地区,是我国海拔第二高机场,处于高原寒带季风干旱气候区,年平均气温在0℃以下.由于机场场区地下水埋深浅,且含有一定盐分,形成了盐渍化季节性冻土.盐渍化季节性冻土工程地质性质独特,在我国机场建设历史上尚属首次发现,在设计和施工中没有类似工程经验可以借鉴.本文通过对盐渍化季节性冻土工程地质特性的研究,提出了有针对性的技术处理方案,并运用到工程建设中.机场经两年多的运行和相关监测验证,该技术方法成功解决了机场场道地基盐渍化季节性冻土问题,从而为我国类似高原机场建设积累了宝贵经验.

  11. Cross-calibration of the Terra MODIS, Landsat 7 ETM+ and EO-1 ALI sensors using near-simultaneous surface observation over the Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada, test site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chander, G.; Angal, A.; Choi, T.; Meyer, D.J.; Xiong, X.; Teillet, P.M.

    2007-01-01

    A cross-calibration methodology has been developed using coincident image pairs from the Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), the Landsat 7 (L7) Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and the Earth Observing EO-1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI) to verify the absolute radiometric calibration accuracy of these sensors with respect to each other. To quantify the effects due to different spectral responses, the Relative Spectral Responses (RSR) of these sensors were studied and compared by developing a set of "figures-of-merit." Seven cloud-free scenes collected over the Railroad Valley Playa, Nevada (RVPN), test site were used to conduct the cross-calibration study. This cross-calibration approach was based on image statistics from near-simultaneous observations made by different satellite sensors. Homogeneous regions of interest (ROI) were selected in the image pairs, and the mean target statistics were converted to absolute units of at-sensor reflectance. Using these reflectances, a set of cross-calibration equations were developed giving a relative gain and bias between the sensor pair.

  12. Hydrogen Storage Properties of La1-xYxNi5-yAly Alloys%La1-xYxNi5-yAly合金的储氢性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗刚; 胡晓晨; 李慎兰; 陈伟; 韩兴博; 陈江平; 陈德敏; 杨柯

    2012-01-01

    从晶体结构、吸放氢性能和抗粉化性能的角度研究了La1-xYxNi5-yAly (x=0.6,0.7;y=0.1,0.2)金属氢化物合金用于高气压氢压缩机的可行性.XRD分析表明,合金都为CaCu5型六方结构,晶胞体积随着Y含量的增加而减小,随着Al含量的增加而变大.采用恒温体积法在20、30和40℃的实验条件下,对合金的吸放氢PCT曲线和吸氢动力学曲线进行了测定.结果表明,Y和Al能够有效地调节合金的吸放氢平台压,其中Y使合金的平台压升高,Al使合金的平台压降低,两种元素对LaNis基合金的其它储氢性能没有明显的负面影响.分析表明,这些合金能够以“合金对”的形式应用于双级金属氢化物压缩机中,将室温下的2 MPa的低压氢增压为35~40 MPa的高压氢,放氢温度为135~155℃.%The feasibilities of La1-xYxNi5-yAly alloys (x=0.6,0.7; y=0.1,0.2) applied in metal hydride high-pressure compressor were investigated systematically in terms of the crystal structure,hydrogen absorption/desorption properties and pulverization resistance.XRD analyses show that all the investigated alloys present CaCus type hexagonal structure and the unit cell volume decreases with the increase of Y,but increases with the increase of Al content.The pressure-composition isotherms and absorption kinetics were measured at 20,30 and 40 ℃ by the volumetric method.Hydrogen absorption/desorption measurement reveals that Y and Al could effectively increase and decrease the equilibrium hydrogen pressure,respectively.They are ideal elements to adjust the equilibrium hydrogen pressure of LaNi5-based alloys without other remarkable negative influences.We think that the alloys could be matched as ‘alloy pairs' and applied in a double-stage metal hydride compressor;the compressor could boost the feed hydrogen gas at room temperature from 2 MPa to 35~40 MPa at 135~155 ℃.

  13. Electronic properties and structural phase transition in A4 [M4O4] (A=Li, Na, K and Rb; M=Ag and Cu): A first principles study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umamaheswari, R.; Yogeswari, M.; Kalpana, G.

    2013-02-01

    Self-consistent scalar relativistic band structure calculations for AMO (A=Li, Na, K and Rb; M=Ag and Cu) compounds have been performed using the tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (TB-LMTO) method within the local density approximation (LDA). At ambient conditions, these compounds are found to crystallize in tetragonal KAgO-type structure with two different space group I-4m2 and I4/mmm. Nowadays, hypothetical structures are being considered to look for new functional materials. AMO compounds have stoichiometry similar to eight-electron half-Heusler materials of type I-I-VI which crystallizes in cubic (C1b) MgAgAs-type structure with space group F-43m. For all these compounds, by interchanging the positions of atoms in the hypothetical cubic structure, three phases (α, β and γ) are formed. The energy-volume relation for these compounds in tetragonal KAgO-type structure and cubic α, β and γ phases of related structure have been obtained. Under ambient conditions these compounds are more stable in tetragonal KAgO-type (I4/mmm) structure. The total energies calculated within the atomic sphere approximation (ASA) were used to determine the ground state properties such as equilibrium lattice parameters, c/a ratio, bulk modulus, cohesive energy and are compared with the available experimental results. The results of the electronic band structure calculations at ambient condition show that LiCuO and NaMO are indirect band gap semiconductors whereas KMO and RbMO are direct band gap semiconductors. At high pressure the band gap decreases and the phenomenon of band overlap metallization occur. Also these compounds undergo structural phase transition from tetragonal I-4m2 phase to cubic α-phase and transition pressures were calculated.

  14. Policijska brutalnost : individualni ali organizacijski problem

    OpenAIRE

    Tekavec, Irena

    2014-01-01

    Policijska brutalnost ima bogato in dolgo zgodovino, vendar pa so tudi ljudje vedno bolj izobraženi in ozaveščeni, katere so njihove pravice in kako se lahko pritožijo. Skozi diplomsko nalogo je v teoretičnem delu prikazan pojem policijske brutalnosti, vzrok, zakaj do tega prihaja, kako je policijska brutalnost organizirana v demokratični državi ter kateri pravni vidiki skrbijo, da je policijske brutalnosti čim manj. V praktičnem delu naloge je prikazana policijska brutalnost skozi oči javnih...

  15. ŠPORTNOVZGOJNI KARTON - DA ALI NE?

    OpenAIRE

    Žganec, Lucija

    2012-01-01

    POVZETEK Danes skoraj vsi poklici zahtevajo delo z računalniki, računalnik pa je postal tudi nepogrešljiv del izobraževanja. Sedeč način življenja in nepravilno prehranjevanje prinašata neželene posledice na telesnem in gibalnem področju človeka, posledice pa so vse bolj vidne tudi na telesnem in gibalnem razvoju otrok in mladine. Kažejo se v povečani telesni teži in debelosti, sistematične spremljave telesnega in gibalnega razvoja pa kažejo, da so ti negativni trendi opazni predvsem ...

  16. Ali er-Rıza'nın Veliahtlığı Meselesi (İmamiyye’nin İmamet Nazariyesine Teori-Pratik Açısından Eleştirel Bir Yaklaşım)

    OpenAIRE

    Bozan, Metin

    2004-01-01

    Although the Imamiyya holds that the Imams have been appointed by God to rule the Community and that they are the complementary elements of Religion as a divinely guided persons, if the lives of the Imams are examined, some points contrary to this theory can be easily seen. As an example of this, in this article we dealt with the matter of the heirship of eighth Imam Ali al-Ridâ to the Abbasid Caliph Ma’mûn, which seems contrary to the mission undertaken by the Imams. So, we aimed to identify...

  17. Ali - ali? Ideologija in estetska kakovost v književni kanonizaciji

    OpenAIRE

    Peer, Willie van

    2015-01-01

    Either - or? Ideology and aesthetic quality in literary canonization. - Traditional explanations of literary canonization usually involve two concepts: power and beauty. To some, the canon is the result of power conflicts, resulting in a text selection that is largely dominated by ideological content. Rejecting this view as a political simplification that has little to do with the nature of literature, others invoke aesthetic quality as the main criterion for a text's inclusion in the canon. ...

  18. Ali - ali? Ideologija in estetska kakovost v književni kanonizaciji:

    OpenAIRE

    Peer, Willie van

    1999-01-01

    Either - or? Ideology and aesthetic quality in literary canonization. - Traditional explanations of literary canonization usually involve two concepts: power and beauty. To some, the canon is the result of power conflicts, resulting in a text selection that is largely dominated by ideological content. Rejecting this view as a political simplification that has little to do with the nature of literature, others invoke aesthetic quality as the main criterion for a text's inclusion in the canon. ...

  19. al-Ghabbân Ali Ibrâhîm, Les deux routes syrienne et égyptienne de pèlerinage au nord-ouest de l’Arabie Saoudite, Le Caire, Institut français d’archéologie orientale, Textes arabes et études islamiques 44/1, 2011, 759 p., 290 fig.

    OpenAIRE

    Frédéric Imbert

    2012-01-01

    La toute récente publication des travaux du chercheur saoudien Ali Ibrâhîm al-Ghabbân, dans les collections de l’IFAO, est un événement scientifique qu’il convient de marquer d’une pierre blanche. Voilà enfin mis à la disposition du public un ouvrage en français traitant d’archéologie et d’épigraphie islamiques sur les terres du Royaume d’Arabie Saoudite. Il serait inexact de dire que les ouvrages saoudiens sur l’archéologie d’époque islamique font défaut ; bien au contraire, le royaume conna...

  20. al-Ghabbân Ali Ibrâhîm, Les deux routes syrienne et égyptienne de pèlerinage au nord-ouest de l’Arabie Saoudite, Le Caire, Institut français d’archéologie orie

    OpenAIRE

    Imbert, Frédéric

    2013-01-01

    La toute récente publication des travaux du chercheur saoudien Ali Ibrâhîm al-Ghabbân, dans les collections de l’IFAO, est un événement scientifique qu’il convient de marquer d’une pierre blanche. Voilà enfin mis à la disposition du public un ouvrage en français traitant d’archéologie et d’épigraphie islamiques sur les terres du Royaume d’Arabie Saoudite. Il serait inexact de dire que les ouvrages saoudiens sur l’archéologie d’époque islamique font défaut ; bien au contraire, le royaume conna...

  1. 中小微企业网络融资模式实验--以“阿里小贷”为例%The Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Network Financing Model Experiment---Taking “Ali Micro Credit” as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴俊英

    2014-01-01

    “网络融资”是解决中小微企业融资难问题的新型融资模式。以阿里巴巴小额贷款股份有限公司(简称阿里小贷)小额网络信贷的金融实验为典型案例,从运营特征、贷款技术、风险控制、信用体系方面展开分析,得出结论:网络贷款快速、高效的特性切合了中小微企业融资“短、频、快”实际需求,网络贷款的灵活性降低了中小微企业融资成本,网络信用数据库的建立提高了企业信息透明度,信息的无障碍传播降低了中小微企业授信成本。%“Network financing” is a new financing mode to solve the financing problem of micro , small and me-dium-sized enterprises .This paper takes Alibaba Micro Credit Limited ’ s ( referred to Ali ) network loan experi-ments as the typical case, has an analysis on operational features , loan techniques, risk control, credit system and concludes:Network loans ’ fast and efficient features can meet the financing demands of micro , small and medium-sized enterprises -“short, frequent, fast”.The flexibility of network loans reduces loan financing costs of mi-cro, small and medium-sized enterprises.The establishment of network credit database improves the enterprise in-formation transparency , and barrier-free information communication reduces the enterprise credit cost .

  2. Baltijos šalių nekilnojamojo turto rinkos ciklai

    OpenAIRE

    Galinienė, Birutė; Marčinskas, Albinas; Malevskienė, Skaistė

    2006-01-01

    Straipsnyje nagrinėjami (teoriniu ir praktiniu aspektais) veiksniai, darantys įtaką nekilnojamojo turto rinkai, pabrėžiama jų įtaka ekonomikos plėtrai ilgu ir trumpu vystymosi laikotarpiu. Palyginami Lietuvos makroekonomikos rodiklių ir nekilnojamojo turto rinkos ciklai. Atskleidžiami gyvenamojo nekilnojamojo turto struktūros ir rinkos ypatumai Baltijos šalyse. Analizuojami butų ir gyvenamųjų namų įperkamumo indeksai, jų skaičiavimo ir lyginamumo problemos.

  3. Delovne migracije - nov miselni vzorec ali model ekonomske akomodacije?

    OpenAIRE

    Maraspin, Ingrid

    2015-01-01

    Recently, the migration phenomenon has acquired such dimensions and exhibited such implications on various social spheres that it has turned into not only a global phenomenon giving shape to a transnational area, but a real state of mind of new generations - it offers an equal option within the array of possibilities for success in (or better quality of) daily life

  4. A Dane visits the seraglios of Ali Pacha

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isager, Jacob Erik

    The Danish archaeologist P.O. Brøndsted's visit to the seraglios of the Turkish governor of Northern Greece......The Danish archaeologist P.O. Brøndsted's visit to the seraglios of the Turkish governor of Northern Greece...

  5. Challenge and Opportunity: the ALI/III Global Principles Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IF Fletcher

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with an international project to establish the extent to which it is feasible to achieve a worldwide acceptance of the Principles of Cooperation among the NAFTA Countries together with the Guidelines Applicable to Court-to-Court Communications in Cross-Border Cases. This contribution explains the process whereby the American Law Institute and the International Insolvency Institute (1 developed principles of cooperation with regard to cross-border insolvency; (2 established acceptance of these principles in jurisdictions across the world, subject to any necessary local modifications; and (3 obtained the endorsement of leading domestic associations, courts, and other groups in those jurisdictions. This article may contribute to the development the South African cross-border insolvency law. The inclusion of the challenges of harmonisation of private international law is also contributing to current debate.

  6. Premagovanje panične motnje z ali brez agorafobije

    OpenAIRE

    Šeško, Anja

    2012-01-01

    Panični napad je duševna motnja, ki lahko prizadene vsakega izmed nas. Napade pogosto spremljajo telesni občutki, kot so dušenje, potenje, omotičnost, pospešeno bitje srca, tresenje itd. Velikokrat pa imajo posamezniki tudi strah pred smrtjo. Panični napadi po navadi trajajo le kakšno minuto, vendar pa so za osebo, ki jih doživlja, izjemno neprijetni. Veliko ljudi, ki trpijo zaradi napadov panike, razvije agorafobijo, motnjo, ki posamezniku pogosto preprečuje, da bi zapustila dom. V stra...

  7. Earth Observing-1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI): 2004-2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Global Land Survey (GLS) datasets are a collection of orthorectified, cloud-minimized Landsat-type satellite images, providing near complete coverage of the...

  8. Earth Observing 1 Advanced Land Imager (ALI): 2009-2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Global Land Survey (GLS) datasets are a collection of orthorectified, cloud-minimized Landsat-type satellite images, providing near complete coverage of the...

  9. INVENTORY OF THE INVASIVE ALIE N PLANT SPECIES IN INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SRI S UDARMIYATI T JITROSOEDIRDJO

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available An inventory of the alien plant species in Indone sia based on the existing references and herbarium specimens concluded that 1936 alien plant species ar e found in Indonesia which belong to 187 families. Field studies should be done to get the complete figur es of alien plant species in Indonesia. Based on the existing figures of the plant species, the invasive alien plant species can be iden tified, followed by studies on the assessment of losses, biology, management and their possible utilizations. Alien plant species are imported to Indonesia for cultivation, collection of the botanical garden, as experimental plants or other curiosities. Aside from plants purposely imported, there are also introduced plant propagules conta-minating imported agricultural products. These alien plant species can be beneficial or have a potential of being invasive. The alien cultivated species consisted of 67% of the total number. More than half of the cultivated plants are ornamental plants. Some of th e species are naturalized or escaped from cultivation and become wild and invasive. Some other natura lized species, adapted well without any problems of invasion. There are 339 species or 17% of the species r ecorded as weeds. The highest record of weeds is found in the family of Poaceae (57 species, follo wed by Asteraceae (53 species and Cyperaceae (35 species. There are 6 families having more than 10 species of weeds: Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Cyperaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Poaceae, and Rubiaceae. Three families have more than 100 species: Asteraceae 162 species, Poaceae 120 species, and Papillionaceae 103 species. Five species of aquatic and 20 species of terrestrial plants considered as important alien plant species in Indonesia were identified and some of their distributions noted

  10. The final story on the ALA3/ALIS1 complex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura

    Research Foundation, Department of Plant Biology, University of Copenhagen, DK-1871 Frederiksberg C, Denmark; bBiochemistry Department MS200, University of Nevada Reno, NV 89557, USA; cHumboldt-University Berlin, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science I, Institute of Biology, 10115 Berlin, Germany...

  11. PLAVA RIBA – PREDNOSTI ALI I NEKI RIZICI KONZUMIRANJA

    OpenAIRE

    Nosić, Mario; Krešić, Greta

    2015-01-01

    Plava riba je nutritivno izrazito vrijedna, lako probavljiva namirnica koja je izvor biološki vrijednih bjelančevina, joda i selena dok istovremeno sadrži malo masti i ima niski sadržaj kolesterola. Vrijedan je izvor višestruko nezasićenih masnih kiselina kojima se pripisuju brojni pozitivni učinci na zdravlje. Međutim uz konzumaciju plavu ribu mogu biti vezani i određeni rizici, primjerice, histaminsko trovanje. Histaminsko trovanje morskom ribom uzrokuje 5% svih oboljenja vezanih za hranu k...

  12. Islam, Historia y Liberalismo en Sayyid Amir Ali

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed, Carimo

    2012-01-01

    La Rebel·lió de 1857-1858 va significar la fi de la supremacia política de l'Islam a l'Índia. Les seves conseqüències van ser la caiguda de la Dinastia Mogol i la introducció del govern britànic directe. En la seqüència d'aquests fets, molts van ser els intel·lectuals musulmans els que van intentar reformar i revitalitzar l'Islam a l'Índia i com un tot. Una de les propostes va ser la modernista de Aligarh, de Sayyid Ahmad Jan (1817-1898), que defensava que els musulmans de l'Índia haurien de ...

  13. Caractéristiques socio-économiques de la pêche professionnelle française. Synthèse des enquetes réalisées auprès des pêcheurs professionnels en 2011 dans le cadre du Système d'Informations Halieutiques (SIH) de l'Ifremer. Façade Mer du Nord Manche Atlantique

    OpenAIRE

    DAURES Fabienne; Le Grand, Christelle; Macher, Claire; LEONARDI Sophie; Guyader, Olivier; Rostiaux, Emilie; Quinquis, Jerome; Barone, Herve; Miossec, Dominique; Raguenes, Pierre; Truffy, Francois; Le Ru, Loic; Monhurel, Lise

    2013-01-01

    Ce document est une synthèse des enquêtes réalisées auprès des pêcheurs professionnels en 2011 dans le cadre du Système d'Informations Halieutiques (SIH) de l'Ifremer. Il vient en complément des synthèses annuelles sur les flottilles de pêches et présente des données agrégées sur les navires enquêtés, leurs stratégies, les équipages et la population des patrons pêcheurs qui ont accepté de répondre au questionnaire économique du SIH en 2011 (sur les données 2010).

  14. Efektifitas Pemijatan Perineum Terhadap Ruptur Perineum di Klinik Bersalin Fatimah Ali I dan Fatimah Ali II Marendal Medan Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Royyany, Tengku

    2010-01-01

    Perkembangan ilmu kesehatan masyarakat telah mengantar kita pada paradigma baru, sehingga kini paradigma sehat menjadI orientasi baru pembangunan kesehatan dunia, termasuk Indonesia yang dirumuskan dalam suatu visi “Indonesia Sehat 2010”. Hal yang mendasar pada paradigma sehat antara lain terjadinya: pergeseran dari pelayanan medis (medicalcare) sehingga setiap upaya penanggulangan masalah kesehatan lebih menonjolkan aspek peningkatan (promotive) dan cpencegahan (preventive) dibanding pengoba...

  15. Management in ekonomija: ali je to dvoje ali eno? (Elementi in razumevanje postocializma in managerske revolucije = Management and Economy: Are They the Same Or Not?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tonci Kuzmanic

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Author starts from important but suppressed equalisation of economy and management in post socialist and post capitalist circumstances which represents the very essence of post-modern global dominance (globalisation. An attempt to distinguish economy from management is connected with the appearance of neo-liberalism as the central argumentative machinery of management being connected with postmodern type of subjectivity. In comparison with the so-called »objective law« around which economy used to revolve (ideally, of course, management explicitly leaves this terrain and opens itself up to the subjective, even subversive activity at the level of global society. In that sense economy and management are operating on two radically different levels and we could even speak of two different entities which should be analytically distinguished. The very supposition for modern defence with regard to post-modern forms of dominance is exactly a possibility of differentiating between economy and management.

  16. ALI/ARDS抗炎治疗研究的策略与展望%Present strategies and future perspectives for therapies of ALI/ARDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉梅; 卫洪昌

    2009-01-01

    急性肺损伤(acute lung injury,ALI)既是呼吸道重大疫病(如SARS、禽流感)的病理基础,也是全身炎症反应综合征(systemic inflammatory response syndrome,sins)时最易出现的组织损伤。ALI进一步发展即为急性呼吸窘迫综合征(acute respiratory distress syndrome,ARDS)。随着失控性的炎症反应(uncontrolled inflammatory response)引发多器官功能障碍综合征(muhipile organs disfunction syndrome,MODS)学说的提出,人们对ALI/ARDS认识转向对炎症发生、调控的认识,参与炎症反应的炎症细胞和细胞因子则成为研究的热点3。

  17. Autoimmune diseases in Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmqvist, Anna Sällfors; Olsen, Jørgen H.; Mellemkjaer, Lene;

    2015-01-01

    all autoimmune diseases combined, corresponding to an AER of 67 per 100 000 person-years. The SHRRs were significantly increased for autoimmune haemolytic anaemia (16.3), Addison's disease (13.9), polyarteritis nodosa (5.8), chronic rheumatic heart disease (4.5), localised scleroderma (3......OBJECTIVES: The pattern of autoimmune diseases in childhood cancer survivors has not been investigated previously. We estimated the risk for an autoimmune disease after childhood cancer in a large, population-based setting with outcome measures from comprehensive, nationwide health registries.......6), idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (3.4), Hashimoto's thyroiditis (3.1), pernicious anaemia (2.7), sarcoidosis (2.2), Sjögren's syndrome (2.0) and insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (1.6). The SHRRs for any autoimmune disease were significantly increased after leukaemia (SHRR 1.6), Hodgkin's lymphoma (1...

  18. Eutanazijos politika: Lyginamasis Europos Sąjungos šalių-narių kontekstas

    OpenAIRE

    Karengaitė, Asta

    2009-01-01

    Kiekvienos valstybės viena iš prioritetinių politikos krypčių yra visuomenės ir asmens sveikata. Tačiau, kad ir stengiamasi užtikrinti žmogaus sveikatos apsaugą, kiekvieną dieną visame pasaulyje žmonės neišvengiamai susiduria su mirtimi. Kai kuriose valstybėse, kalbant apie nepagydomai sergančius ligonius, kurie kenčia didelius skausmus ar apie komos ištiktus žmones, vis dažniau iškeliamas eutanazijos klausimas, kuris dažnai apibrėžiamas kaip sąmoningas žmogaus gyvybės atėmimas kiek įmanoma š...

  19. Development of Resource Sharing System Components for AliEn Grid Infrastructure

    CERN Document Server

    Harutyunyan, Artem

    2010-01-01

    The problem of the resource provision, sharing, accounting and use represents a principal issue in the contemporary scientific cyberinfrastructures. For example, collaborations in physics, astrophysics, Earth science, biology and medicine need to store huge amounts of data (of the order of several petabytes) as well as to conduct highly intensive computations. The appropriate computing and storage capacities cannot be ensured by one (even very large) research center. The modern approach to the solution of this problem suggests exploitation of computational and data storage facilities of the centers participating in collaborations. The most advanced implementation of this approach is based on Grid technologies, which enable effective work of the members of collaborations regardless of their geographical location. Currently there are several tens of Grid infrastructures deployed all over the world. The Grid infrastructures of CERN Large Hadron Collider experiments - ALICE, ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb which are exploi...

  20. Trženjski splet v ekonomski teoriji ali "chamberlinovih" 4p

    OpenAIRE

    Lah, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Prispevek obravnava korenine trženjske teorije 4P oziroma njenih posameznih elementov v delu ekonomista Edwarda H. Chamberlina. Trženjsko videnje Chamberlinove teorije monopolistične konkurence, kar je jedrnato prikazano s "Chamberlinovo" tabelo 4P - pokaže, da je Chamberlina mogoče videti kot začetnika teorije 4P. Takšen pristop izpostavlja pomen Chamberlinove kratkoročne analize oziroma - v trženjskem jeziku - ohranjanja kratkoročnih konkurenčnih prednosti podjetja, ki nastajajo zaradi učin...

  1. Oxidation resistant and low coefficient of thermal expansion Nia1-CoCrAly alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebsur, Mohan G. (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A bond coat composition for use in thermal barrier coatings comprises a NiAl--CoCrAlY matrix containing particles of AlN dispersed therein. The bond coat composition is prepared by croymilling NiAl and CoCrAlY in liquid nitrogen.

  2. "Global Blue" darbuotojų motyvacijos tyrimas (Skandinavijos, Baltijos, Beniliukso šalių atvejis)

    OpenAIRE

    Norkūnienė, Irma; Žukaitė, Inga

    2012-01-01

    Žmogiškųjų išteklių vadybos magistro darbo tema yra aktuali, nes šiandieninėse internacionalizacijos bei globalizacijos sąlygomis veikiančiose organizacijose ypatingai svarbu operatyviai reaguoti į ekonominius, socialinius, technologinius pokyčius. Dažnai svarbiausias įrankis, lemiantis, kaip sėkmingai organizacija reaguos į pokyčius ir prisitaikys, yra žmogiškieji ištekliai su atitinkamais gebėjimais, įgūdžiais bei žiniomis. Todėl labai svarbu, kad organizacijoje dirbtų savo darbu patenkinti...

  3. Development and Evaluation of Game-Like Phonological Awareness Software for Kindergarteners: "JerenAli"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kartal, Günizi; Terziyan, Treysi

    2016-01-01

    The major goal of this study was to develop a game-like software application for phonological awareness training and to evaluate its role in improving phonological awareness skills at the kindergarten level, with the intention to eventually help reading acquisition in Turkish. The participants of the study came from two kindergarten classrooms in…

  4. ALIS-FLP: Amplified ligation selected fragment-length polymorphism method for microbial genotyping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brillowska-Dabrowska, A.; Wianecka, M.; Dabrowski, Slawomir;

    2008-01-01

    only one specific restriction enzyme (TspRI) is used. The cohesive ends of the DNA fragments are ligated with two types of oligonucleotide. A long oligonucleotide containing the primer site and the specific 9 nt 3 prime end, which is complementary to specific 9 nt, cohesive 3 prime end of the Tsp......RI genomic DNA fragment, and a short, degenerated, oligonucleotide covering the remaining TspRI cohesive ends. Other cohesive ends are covered by a short degenerated oligonucleotide lacking the primer site. The ligation mixture is used as a template for amplification using a single primer corresponding to...... for differentiation of the organisms without previous knowledge of their DNA sequence. The usefulness of the method is confirmed by genotyping of 70 previously characterized clinical E. coli isolates. The grouping obtained was identical to the results of REA-PFGE. Versatility of the method is...

  5. Lorenz's attractor applied to the stream cipher (Ali-Pacha generator)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The safety of information is primarily founded today on the calculation of algorithms whose confidentiality depends on the number of the necessary bits for the definition of a cryptographic key. If this type of system has proved reliable, then the increasing power of the means of calculation threatens the confidentiality of these methods. The powerful computers are certainly able to quantify and decipher information quickly, but their computing speed allows parallel cryptanalysis, which aims 'to break' a code by discovering the key, for example, by testing all the possible keys. The only evocation of the principle of the quantum computer, with the potentially colossal capacities of calculation, has started a shock, even in the most savaged who are convinced of algorithmic cryptography. To mitigate this concern, we will introduce in this article a new cryptographic system based on chaotic concepts

  6. VARIETY OF GRAY-SCALE SONOGRAPHIC APPEARANCE OF UNTREATED LIVER METASTASES ALI HADIDI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALI HADIDI

    1982-07-01

    Full Text Available Encountered wit h b izarre patterns o f l i v e r metas t a s es dec l i ned our accuracy rate s o the humi liation o f mist ake s motivated me to re-assess t he value o f hepatic sonography in patients s u spe c t ed o f having metastatic l i ver neoplasms . 43 pat ients , who had no t recieved any prior the r a phy , had been studied by gray-scale ult r a s ound . The echographic evidence i n accordance with o ur e x p e r ~ e n ce can be categorized as fo l l ows : I l a rge echo g enic or ~c ho poor area , II d iscrete masse s wi t.h high-level e c hoes spreaded t hroughout a lobe o f the l i ve r , III e cho f ree mass with i r regular mar q i.n , r .J d i f f use a lterat ion of the homogeneous e cho pattern of t he liver , V Bull ' s - eye ,VI abscess like,VII sol id echogenic mass vei th a centra l hyperechoic hor izontal l i ne , VIII echogenic mass ".;i t;l two l a t eral hypo e choic marg i n s, rX isodense e chog eni c a r ea bounded by an hypoechoic c i r c l e . The f e at u r e s seen i n l iver ultra sonography of t he entire pat t e r ns , a nd those s e en as new c r i teria are presented ~

  7. Ali Abderraziq et le projet de remise en ordre de la conscience islamique

    OpenAIRE

    Filali-Ansary, Abdou

    2008-01-01

    Les rapports entre l'islam et la politique font l'objet d'un large débat de nos jours, tant dans les pays musulmans qu'en Occident. A y regarder de près, on a l'impression que ce débat se déroule dans deux sphères indépendantes, s'ignorant mutuellement : l'une dans les pays du « Nord », l'autre dans les pays imprégnés par l'islam. Dans ces deux environnements, la réflexion opère sur des concepts et se réfère à des données différentes, conduisant souvent à des élaborations et des prises de pos...

  8. Toibibou, Ali Mohamed. — La transmission de l’Islam aux Comores

    OpenAIRE

    Hecquet, Vincent

    2012-01-01

    Ce livre décrit les institutions musulmanes aux Comores à partir d’une étude centrée sur la ville de Mbéni, qui est l’un des principaux centres religieux de l’archipel. Aux Comores, la quasi-totalité des 706 000 habitants partage la foi musulmane depuis que celle-ci y a été propagée entre le XIe et le XVIe siècles. Située sur la côte nord-est de la Grande-Comore, Mbéni est une ville de 6 500 habitants à environ soixante-quinze kilomètres de Moroni. Au XIXe siècle, deux étudiants originaires d...

  9. Ressources urbaines  : un film réalisé par Créville.org.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Dumont

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Il est certains sites internet dont on souhaiterait occulter l’existence, tenir méconnue l’ url de référence, par crainte que la publicité qu’on pourrait leur faire ne vienne, à terme, contribuer à saturer l’efficacité tenant aux contenus qu’ils proposent, ni trop abondants ni pas assez. Cédons malgré tout, pour inviter à découvrir (ou redécouvrir un portail de veille d’informations et de documentations scientifiques en matière d’espace, d’aménagement et ...

  10. L’aliénation, le conséquentialisme et les exigences de la morale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Railton

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Parution originale sous le titre « Alienation, Consequentialism and the Demands of Morality » dans _Philosophy and Social Affairs_, vol. 13, No. 2 (Printemps 1984, pp. 134-171. Traduit de l’Anglais par Eric Guindon, révisé par Christine Tappolet.

  11. The Al(I) molecule, Ph2COAl and its anion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xinxing; Eichhorn, Bryan; Schnöckel, Hansgeorg; Bowen, Kit

    2016-08-01

    We have formed the Al(I)-containing molecule, benzophenone-aluminum, i.e., Ph2COAl, and studied it by conducting density functional theory calculations on both its neutral and anionic forms and by measuring the photoelectron spectrum of its anion. Our calculations identified two nearly iso-energetic anion isomers, (Ph2COAl)-, the vertical detachment energies (VDE) of which are in excellent agreement with our photoelectron spectrum. Natural population analysis (NPA) of Ph2COAl found the Al moiety to be positively charged by +0.81 e, indicating a strongly ionic bond between Al and Ph2CO, i.e., Ph2CO-Al+.

  12. "Ženske v integriranem vezju" ali na poti posodobljenih raziskovanj spola:

    OpenAIRE

    Vendramin, Valerija

    2011-01-01

    By proceeding from a specific epistemological perspective, the author sheds some light on the conditions of learning and delves into the issue of "better" (or perhaps more adequate) gender research in education and beyond. She highlights the position of feminist epistemology that the knowing subject is always "somewhere", in a certain social "location" that enables his or her view and constrains it at the same time. She problematizes the traditional view of research, which understands it as a...

  13. Feministična krivda ali ambivalentnost feminizma do lepotnih praks

    OpenAIRE

    Otorepec, Klara

    2015-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je raziskati različne dejavnike, ki sooblikujejo in tvorijo koncept feministične krivde. Tako poimenujem občutek nelagodja, ki nastopi kot odziv na težave pri uveljavljanju feminističnih načel v vsakodnevnem življenju v odnosu do (ne)prakticiranja lepotnih praks oziroma kot razpetost med feministično ideologijo in patriarhalno družbeno ureditvijo. V teoretičnem delu raziskujem, kako pritisk k normativni ženskosti kot focaultovski disciplinirajoči projekt sodobne družbe,...

  14. Approximating tasseled cap values to evaluate brightness, greenness, and wetness for the Advanced Land Imager (ALI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Kristina H.; Finn, Michael P.

    2012-01-01

    The Tasseled Cap transformation is a method of image band conversion to enhance spectral information. It primarily is used to detect vegetation using the derived brightness, greenness, and wetness bands. An approximation of Tasseled Cap values for the Advanced Land Imager was investigated and compared to the Landsat Thematic Mapper Tasseled Cap values. Despite sharing similar spectral, temporal, and spatial resolution, the two systems are not interchangeable with regard to Tasseled Cap matrices.

  15. K NALOGAM ALI K ZAPOSLENIM USMERJENO VODENJE - PRIMER BANČNE ENOTE

    OpenAIRE

    Vugrinec, Saša

    2011-01-01

    Diplomska naloga je sestavljena iz teoretičnega in empiričnega dela. V teoretičnem delu smo napisali nekaj o managementu. »Management je planiranje, organiziranje, vodenje in kontroliranje dela v organizaciji in s tem v zvezi vseh nalog in aktivnosti, ki jih zaposleni opravljajo« (Možina et al., 1994, str. 16). V nadaljevanju smo se omejili le na sestavino, imenovano vodenje, ki je sposobnost vplivanja, spodbujanja in usmerjanja drugih za doseganje želenih ciljev (Možina et al., 1994, str. 52...

  16. Izbira najprimernejšega hladiva enostopenjske ali dvostopenjske visokotemperaturne toplotne črpalke

    OpenAIRE

    Ceglar, Simon

    2016-01-01

    Energetske in ekološke krize ter omejenost zalog fosilnih goriv so pripeljale do svetovnega trenda iskanja obnovljivih virov energije, pri čemer je geotermalna energija ena najpomembnejših. Hkrati pa nas k temu zavezujejo tudi evropske direktive, ki smo jih sprejeli v obliki novega Energetskega zakona (EZ-1), z namenom zagotavljanja zanesljive oskrbe z energijo in energetskimi storitvami ob upoštevanju trajnostnega razvoja. Namen diplomske naloge je preučiti možnost uporabe visokotemperat...

  17. Studying the potential role of ALIS proteins on the functionality of ALA2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez Marques, Rosa Laura; Poulsen, Lisbeth Rosager; Meffert, Katharina;

    (for Aminophospholipid ATPase). So far, two isoforms have been characterized (ALA1 and ALA3) and shown to be involved in translocation of phospholipid analogues (1, 2). At least ALA3, located to the Golgi, has been shown to be important for membrane trafficking within the secretory pathway (1...

  18. Mehmet Ali GÜLPINAR, Berrak Ç. YEĞEN, Sibel KALAÇA

    OpenAIRE

    GÜLPINAR, Mehmet Ali; Yeğen, Berrak Ç.; Kalaça, Sibel

    2012-01-01

    The first issue in the “Medical Education Frame- Programs” (ME-FrP) Serials was prepared for the postgraduate education period. This review presents a ME-FrP for the undergraduate medical education. “Undergraduate ME-FrP” prepared by the medical faculty is a program that defines the general outlines, major components and the basic principles in designing and coordinating the 6-year medical education of a medical faculty. The associated education councils, departments and educators us...

  19. Antibiotic Resistance Pattern in Urinary Tract infections in Imam-Ali Hospital,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Rajabnia-Chenari

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Treatment for urinary tract infection should be based on common uropathogenes and their resistance to antibiotics. The aim of this study was to evaluate antibiotic resistance patterns in urinary tract infection. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 11 common antibiotics were evaluated with antibiogram on urine samples of 2876 cases with urinary tract infection during 2010-2011. Results: The most common uropathogen was E. coli (62.41% and highest resistance of pathogen was against cefixime (84.5% in this study.Conclusion: As the least resistance of uropathogens was against ciprofloxacin, we propose this antibiotic as the first line treatment for urinary tract infection.

  20. Slovenske slikanice: rušenje stereotipov ali nadaljevanje patriarhalnih vzorcev

    OpenAIRE

    Žnidarčič, Mateja

    2016-01-01

    V diplomskem delu analiziram stereotipne upodobitve likov v slikanicah izdanih med letoma 2011 in 2014, hkrati pa izpostavljam tudi odmike od takega upodabljanja likov. Raziskujem jih s pristopi s področja feministične literarne vede. Spremembe v družbi odsevajo tudi v literaturi, zato jim sledim v slikanicah. Predstavim rezultate raziskav Adele Turin, Igorja Sakside, Katje Koren Valenčič, ki so se v devetdesetih letih 20. stoletja ukvarjali z analiziranjem stereotipnih podob spolnih vlog in ...

  1. Recommended ALIs and DACs for 10 CFR part 220: A consistent numerical set

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eckerman, K.F.

    1996-05-01

    Appendix B to 10 CFR Part 20 contains numerical data for controlling the intake of radionuclides in the workplace or in the environment. These data, derived from the recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), do not provide a numerically consistent basis for demonstrating compliance with the limitation on dose stated in the regulation. This situation is largely a consequence of the numerical procedures used by the ICRP which did not maintain, in a strict numerical sense, the hierarchial relationship among the radiation protection quantities. In this work recommended values of the quantities in Appendix B to CFR Part 20 are developed using the dose coefficients of the applicable ICRP publications and a numerical procedure which ensures that the tabulated quantities are numerically consistent.

  2. Pivško jygajo se 'guncajo se' (Petelinje) ali o nastanku slovenskega razmerja jugati : gugati:

    OpenAIRE

    Furlan, Metka

    2010-01-01

    Since the Pivka dialect does not have second palatalization of velars, the verb jyugajo se 'they are swinging' (Petelinje), with its Slovene phonetic equivalents from Slovene gúgati se, is explained with dissimilation g : g --> o : g and the appearance of the prothetic -j.

  3. ALiCCE: Atomic Lines Calibration using the Cross-Entropy Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Martins, Lucimara; Caproni, Anderson; Vitoriano, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    Atomic line opacities play a crucial role in stellar astrophysics. They strongly modify the radiative transfer in stars, therefore impacting their physical structure. Ultimately, most of our knowledge of stellar population systems (stars, clusters, galaxies, etc.) relies on the accuracy with which we understand and reproduce the stellar spectra. With such a wide impact on Astronomy, it would be ideal to have access to a complete, accurate and precise list of atomic transitions. This, unfortunately, is not the case. Few atomic transitions had their parameters actually measured in the laboratory, and for most of the lines the parameters were calculated with low precision atomic energy levels. Only a small fraction of the lines were calibrated empirically. For the purpose of computing a stellar spectral grid with a complete coverage of spectral types and luminosity classes, this situation is rather limiting. We have implemented an innovative method to perform a robust calibration of atomic line lists used by spe...

  4. Šalies neįgaliųjų sporto plėtros modeliavimas

    OpenAIRE

    Rimšaitė , Simona

    2008-01-01

    Darbo tikslas - išanalizuoti neįgaliųjų sporto būklę Lietuvoje ir tendencijas pasaulyje bei sukurti neįgaliųjų sporto plėtros modelį, kuris sudarytų sąlygas vystytis neįgaliųjų sportui Lietuvoje. Neįgaliųjų sportas yra žaidžiamas asmenų su negalia, įskaitant fizinę ir protinę negalią. Neįgaliųjų sporto plėtojimo procesas yra ilgas procesas, reikalaujantis daug pastangų. Mūsų šalyje trūksta sporto klubų, kurie būtų pritaikyti neįgaliems asmenims, taip pat kvalifikuotų trenerių, bet ir finansav...

  5. World music, authenticity and Africa: Reading Cesaria Evora and Ali Farka Toure

    OpenAIRE

    Anandam Kavoori

    2011-01-01

    In this essay, I engage with the complex set of sonic connections known as 'World Music'. The section on 'Framing World Music/The Global Postmodern/Authenticity' outlines some key elements in how World Music can be theoretically framed - as a specific kind of text, anchored in conditions of global post modernity and characterized by a defining discourse - that of 'authenticity'. This is followed by a biographical/textual account of two major global music stars from Africa - Cesaria Evora (Cap...

  6. Direct evidence of the fermi-energy-dependent formation of Mn interstitials in modulation doped Ga1-yAlyAs/Ga1-xMnxAs/Ga1-yAlyAs heterostructures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, K.M.; Walukiewicz, W.; Wojtowicz, T.; Lim, W.L.; Liu, X.; Dobrowolska, M.; Furdyna, J.K.

    2004-01-30

    Using ion channeling techniques, we investigate the lattice locations of Mn in Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As quantum wells between Be-doped Ga{sub 1-y}Al{sub y}As barriers. The earlier results showed that the Curie temperature T{sub C} depends on the growth sequence of the epitaxial layers. A lower T{sub C} was found in heterostructures in which the Ga{sub 1-x}Mn{sub x}As layer is grown after the modulation-doped barrier. Here we provide direct evidence that this reduction in T{sub C} is directly correlated with an increased formation of magnetically inactive Mn interstitials. The formation of interstitials is induced by a shift of the Fermi energy as a result of the transfer of holes from the barrier to the quantum well during the growth.

  7. Egypt's Pop-Music Clashes and the “World-Crossing” Destinies of Muhammad Ali Street Musicians

    OpenAIRE

    Puig, Nicolas

    2006-01-01

    The “suq al-Musiqiyyin”, the musicians' market, in Cairo refers to the social space of non academic music and especially of music played at weddings. This is a vernacular notion that covers everything at the same time, musical training, social affiliations and professional practice of non-academic music. This practice is linked most of the time to family events and especially wedding celebrations – but there is also private evenings and celebrations of mûlid (saint's festival). So we can call...

  8. 10 CFR Appendix B to Part 20 - Annual Limits on Intake (ALIs) and Derived Air Concentrations (DACs) of Radionuclides for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Phosphorus P 15 Platinum Pt 78 Plutonium Pu 94 Polonium Po 84 Potassium K 19 Praseodymium Pr 59 Promethium Pm... Sr 38 Sulfur S 16 Tantalum Ta 73 Technetium Tc 43 Tellurium Te 52 Terbium Tb 65 Thallium Tl...

  9. Analiza ekonomske upravičenosti izločanja plastike za energetsko ali snovno izrabo odpadkov

    OpenAIRE

    Golavšek, Matej

    2013-01-01

    V skladu z direktivami EU je ravnanje z odpadki urejeno v obliki hierarhije, kjer si od najvišje do najnižje prioritete sledijo preprečevanje, ponovna uporaba, snovna izraba, energetska izraba in odlaganje odpadkov na deponijah. V magistrskem delu smo analizirali ekonomske in okoljske faktorje procesov snovne in energetske izrabe odpadkov, ki jih uporabljamo, kadar se nastanku odpadkov ne moremo izogniti. Dodali smo tudi tehnično-ekonomsko analizo avtomatskega in ročnega izločanje plastike iz...

  10. VizieR Online Data Catalog: PCF, SpecB or SDSSB asteroids parameters (Ali-Lagoa+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali-Lagoa, V.; Licandro, J.; Gil-Hutton, R.; Canada-Assandri, M.; Delbo, M.; de, Leon J.; Campins, H.; Pinilla-Alonso, N.; Kelley, M. S. P.; Hanus, J.

    2016-04-01

    The table contains the best-fitting values of size and beaming parameter and corresponding visible geometric albedos for all our objects. We fitted the near-Earth asteroid thermal model of Harris (1998Icar..131..291H) to WISE/NEOWISE thermal infrared data (see, e.g., Mainzer et al., 2011ApJ...736..100M and Masiero et al., 2014ApJ...791..121M). Minimum relative errors of 10, 15, and 20 percent should be considered for size, beaming parameter and albedo in those cases for which the beaming parameter could be fitted. Otherwise, a default value of the beaming parameter is assumed (its negative value is given in the table) and the minimum relative errors in size and albedo increase to 20 and 40 percent (see, e.g., Mainzer et al., 2011ApJ...736..100M). We also provide the asteroid absolute magnitudes and slope parameters retrieved from the Minor Planet Center (MPC), the number of observations used in each WISE band (W3 and W4), plus the corresponding average values of heliocentric and geocentric distances and phase angle (r, g, a) based on the ephemerides taken from the MIRIADE service (http://vo.imcce.fr/webservices/miriade/?ephemph). The subsample label indicates whether the object belongs to the SDSS, spectroscopic B or PCF groups. Labels with the suffix 'qA' indicate that only data with signal-to- noise ratio greater than 10 were used for that case (see Appendix A of the article for more details). (1 data file).

  11. Slovensko približevanje Evropski uniji: ideološki projekt ali proces (post)modernizacije:

    OpenAIRE

    Hafner-Fink, Mitja

    2000-01-01

    The text starts with the hypothesis that Slovenian's attitudes toward Slovenian accession to EU are strongly influenced by ideological activities of the Slovene political elite and partly by the process of post-modernisation of Slovene society. The hypothesis is tested on the basis of data from the Slovene public opinion survey. It presents the results of a regression analysis which shows the following most important factors of Slovenes' attitudes toward Slovenian accession to EU: level of kn...

  12. Effects of methyl-jasmonate on 9-methoxycanthin-6-one content in Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) root culture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eurycoma longifolia is a flowering plant from the Simaroubaceae family and it has been identified as one of the most intriguing medicinal plants in Malaysia. In the present study, the production of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one, an alkaloid compound was determined with various methyl-jasmonate (MeJA) concentrations using root culture via liquid system. Quantification of 9-methoxycanthin-6-one was confirmed by using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Quantitative analysis using HPLC displayed highest concentration of 9-methoxycanthin-6- one content in the absence of MeJA treatment (control) followed by increasing concentrations of MeJA (1, 10 and 100 micro M). Microanatomical analysis using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) has shown that root hair morphology of E.longifolia does not change significantly, whereas roots hair displayed rough surfaces with increases MeJA concentrations. Therefore, MeJA is not a suitable elicitor to increase 9-methoxycanthin-6-one compound in E. lon. (author)

  13. Changes in the structure of MgxAly(OH)z layered double hydroxides during the adsorption of organic compounds

    OpenAIRE

    Butenko, E.O; Kapustina, E.V.; Kapustin, A.E.; Kracvenko, V.S.; GROMILOV S.A.; Guégan, Régis

    2011-01-01

    International audience Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are used as sorbents, catalysts, and carriers for catalytic species. In general, they are natural or synthetic minerals with part of their cations being replaced isomorphically with cations of higher oxidation states, which results in the formation of positively charged two-dimensional layers containing solvate molecules and counterions capable of anion exchange [1]. LDHs are solid bases [2]. Since there are both Brønsted and Lewis si...

  14. Internetinės žiniasklaidos verslo organizavimo aspektai: mažos šalies patirtis

    OpenAIRE

    Mažeikienė, Giedrė

    2008-01-01

    Internetinė žiniasklaida, kaip savarankiška verslo ir žiniasklaidos sritis, gyvuoja jau daugiau nei dešimtmetį Lietuvoje. Perėjusi įvairias vystymosi stadijas, šiuo metu ji yra viena iš pelningiausių verslo sričių bei svarbi reklamos rinkos dalis. Tą įrodo ir egzistuojantys teiginiai „jei tavęs nėra internete, tavęs nėra niekur“, ir gausiai besikuriančios viešųjų ryšių agentūros, besistengiančios bendradarbiauti su internetine žiniasklaida, ir vis augantis internetinės žiniasklaidos vartotoji...

  15. Construction and Repair of Religious Buildings in Canik and Amasya Sanjaks during the Inspection of Ali Riza Efendi

    OpenAIRE

    İbrahim SERBESTOĞLU

    2015-01-01

    Worship is located in the center of social life in the Turkish-Islamic culture. It represents the state's independence. It’s one of the places where performed of public education. Largest church converted into a mosque in the conquered lands. This indicates the relationship of religion and state. It is also a symbol of conquest. Center of the Ottoman neighborhood mosque/prayer room shows the legitimacy of the rulers. Authorities have built places of worship.Our study examines religious struct...

  16. The Prevalence of fungal infections in children with hematologic malignancy in Ali-Asghar Children Hospital between 2005 and 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Ansari, Sh.; Shirzadi, E; Elahi, M.

    2015-01-01

    Background A fungal infection represents a growing problem in children with hematologic malignancies, during chemotherapy induced neutropenia. Fungal colonization is considered a major risk factor for subsequent fungal infections. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate prevalence of fungal infection among children admitted to hospital between 2005 and 2010 in Tehran, Iran. Materials and Methods 617 hematological patients in the age range of neoteric to 19 years old were enrolled ...

  17. Slovenščina in drugi jeziki - vrednota ali grožnja? Programi slovenskih parlamentarnih strank 2008

    OpenAIRE

    Stritar, Mojca

    2015-01-01

    V prispevku so predstavljena stališča slovenskih političnih strank o slovenščini in drugih jezikih v njihovih programih s parlamentarnih volitev 2008. Liberalnejše stranke sledijo evropskim smernicam in zagovarjajo večkulturnost ter podporo manjšinskim jezikom, konservativnejše pa se osredotočajo na slovenščino kot temelj slovenske identitete in predlagajo ukrepe za njeno zaščito.

  18. Role of Complement C5 in Experimental Blunt Chest Trauma-Induced Septic Acute Lung Injury (ALI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karbach, Michael; Braumueller, Sonja; Kellermann, Philipp; Gebhard, Florian; Huber-Lang, Markus; Perl, Mario

    2016-01-01

    Background Severe blunt chest trauma is associated with high mortality. Sepsis represents a serious risk factor for mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In septic patients with ARDS complement activation products were found to be elevated in the plasma. In single models like LPS or trauma complement has been studied to some degree, however in clinically highly relevant double hit models such as the one used here little data is available. Here, we hypothesized that absence of C5 is correlated with a decreased inflammatory response in trauma induced septic acute lung injury. Methods 12 hrs after DH in mice the local and systemic cytokines and chemokines were quantified by multiplex bead array or ELISA, activated caspase-3 by western blot. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc Sidak’s multiple comparison test (significance, p≤ 0.05). Results In lung tissue interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) was elevated in both C5-/- mice and wildtype littermates (wt), whereas caspase-3 was reduced in lungs after DH in C5-/- mice. Systemically, reduced keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC) levels were observed after DH in C5-/- compared to wt mice. Locally, lung myeloperoxidase (MPO), protein, IL-6, MCP-1 and G-CSF in brochoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were elevated after DH in C5-/- compared to wt. Conclusions In the complex but clinically relevant DH model the local and systemic inflammatory immune response features both, C5-dependent and C5-independent characteristics. Activation of caspase-3 in lung tissue after DH was C5-dependent whereas local inflammation in lung tissue was C5-independent. PMID:27437704

  19. Assessment of AMAD and MMAD for airborne particulate matter in the beach mineral separation plants - modification of ALI and DAC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The mineral separation process at IRE plants has undergone changes with the introduction of dredge mining and wet concentration process. These steps have necessitated re-assessment of the inhalation hazards in these plants. Air samples were collected using an eight stage Anderson cascade impactor sampler. Activity median aerodynamic diameter of the particulates ranged from 2.7 to 15 μm with an average of 7 μm. GSD varied from 2.6 to 4.6. Based on the ICRP dose conversion factors and taking into consideration the equilibrium status of 232Th and 228Th in monazite, a combined annual limit of intake of 534 Bq and corresponding DAC of 0.22 Bq m-3 is arrived at for the mineral processing plants. The prevailing air activity in the plants indicate individual inhalation exposures due to Th in the range of 1.5 to 2 mSv per year. (author)

  20. Vladimir Nabokov, un exemple d’aliénation créatrice Vladimir Nabokov, an Instance of Creative Alienation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Bouchet

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The terms “strange” and “stranger” derive from extraneus, a Latin word literally meaning “outside of”. This article proposes to examine the notions of distance and limit which shape the consciousness of a foreigner / outsider—Vladimir Nabokov. Nabokov lost his native land when he was 18, and was condemned to remain a stranger in a foreign land. In his fiction, many “estranged” characters are to be found, especially as main focalizers or first-person narrators. The present article thus demonstrates how the concept of frontier is crucial to interpreting such alien status: these characters are forever estranged, due to geographical borders, temporal distances or linguistic barriers. Nabokov, himself a trilingual writer, challenged the very idea of a foreign language. His English, which he claimed was merely “second rate”, is indeed quite different from the style of American classics, yet it has a unique poetic flavor. Maybe because he “did not think in any language, but in images”, his condition as a foreigner was not felt as alienating. Contrary to most of his characters, hybridization seems to have been a powerful element inspiring his artistic impulse, as illustrated in his extraordinary linguistic virtuosity and his constant playing on words. Similarly, the repeated inclusion of other semiotic codes (painting, photography, advertisements,… shows that by playing with limits and the interpenetration of familiar and strange(r elements, Nabokov found a creative alternative to the usually alienating condition of being a foreigner.

  1. Reading Studies Of A Story Named “Şarap Lekesi” By Hasan Ali Toptaş

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ÇALDAK

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Şarap Lekesi, which includes meaning blanks, reticence and numerous dark points, is a story which melts the real truth and fiction world into each other, creating a new world, and in which the author leaves his dominant position to readers. The story embraces as many meanings as its number of readers. There is no single focused idea/meaning in the text. The plot of the story is based on a wine spot on a table, and imaginary characters are created, and the dog, Alyoşa, is used as a metaphor for reticence/ silence. This short and deep story is analyzed in three aspects: the sole existence of the text as an object; Alyoşa as the language of reticence/silence and self-deconstruction.

  2. Optimization and Calculation of TbCl3-ACl (A=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) Phase Diagrams

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Yimin; Zhang Jing; Guan Mingyun; Qiao Zhiyu

    2005-01-01

    By using CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagram) technique the optimization and calculation of the binary systems of TbCl3-ACl (A= Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) were carried out. For describing the Gibbs free energy of liquid phase in these systems the new modified quasichemical model in the pair-approximation for short-range ordering was used. From measured phase equilibria data and experimental integral properties the TbCl3-ACl phase diagrams were optimized and calculated. A set of thermodynamic functions was optimized based on an interactive computer-assisted analysis. The calculated phase diagrams and thermodynamic data are self-consistent.

  3. Siserände suundumused 20. sajandil = Trends of internal migration during the 20th century and at the beginning of the 21st century / Alis Tammur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2008-01-01

    Siserände suundadest Eestis alates 1920ndatest aastatest kuni 2007. aastani. Kaart: Linnadesse tulnud endise alalise elukoha järgi, 1922-1934. Graafik: Siserände vanusjaotus. Tabel: Linnade ja maa-asulate vahelised rändesuunad 2000-2007

  4. Pédagogie et apprentissage par projet : cas des projets d'innovation réalisés dans le cadre d'un partenariat industriel

    OpenAIRE

    Claude, Sylvain; Ponchon, Camille; Maison, Marie; Boulon, Pascal; Muniglia, Lionel; Cuq, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    International audience Project-based learning is fully implemented in the curricula of French higher education institutions in agribusiness. For 15 years, twelve institutions have developed operational teaching approaches to integrate in their education curriculum participation of students in the food eco-innovation contest ECOTROPHELIA. Created in 2000, the contest succeeds in mobilizing and facilitating cooperation between higher education and representatives of the food sector to train ...

  5. Analisis Kesan Terjemahan AL-QUR’AN Ke Dalam Bahasa Indonesia Mushaf Syaamil AL-QUR’AN Pada Surah Ali Imran

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Nur Indah

    2015-01-01

    نور إنده ساري, 2014. تحليل الإ نطباع ترجمة القران الكريم إلى اللغة الإندونيسية مصحف القران الشامل في السورة ال عمران. ميدان : قسم اللغة العربية: كلية العلوم الإنسانية جامعة سومطرة شامليةمصحف القران الشامل عبارة عن إحدى ترجمات القران الكريم كلمة بكلمة و تقابل كل تلك الكلمات معناها المقترح في اللغة الإندو نيسية. و في هذا المصحف الشامل كلمات معتادة معروفة شائعة يفهمها عامة الناس من أطياف المجتمع. و البحث يدور حول كلمات عربية معروفة وهي أساس داخلة إلى اللغة الإندو نيسية. يهدف البحث إلى معرفة الأث...

  6. Calorimetric determination of the enthalpy of formation and the description of the constitutional defects of the ordered (Ni, Co)1-yAly phase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The enthalpy of formation of the ordered phase (NixCo1-x)0.50Al0.50, (NixCo1-x)0.58Al0.42 with (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) and Ni0.30Co0.15Al0.55 with the B2 (CsCl) structure was measured by differential solution calorimetry at 1073 K as a function of composition in order to describe the constitutional defects. The binary Ni0.50Al0.50-phase exhibits the most negative enthalpy of formation (-71.27 kJ mol-1). The absolute value of the enthalpy of formation decreases by substituting nickel for cobalt with constant aluminium content. The composition dependence of the enthalpy of formation can be described by the disorder model of Wagner and Schottky. The model provides information about the composition dependence of the concentration of the existing defects (vacancy, antistructure atom) of the ordered ternary phases. (orig.)

  7. Islam och folkmaktens gränser. : En undersöknning av Sayyid Qutbs, Mawlana Mawdudis och Ali Shariatis teologiska uppfattningar.

    OpenAIRE

    Blommé, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    English abstract Title: Islam and the limitations of the public will of choice. The purpose of this paper have been to investigate how three modern Islamic theorists view the limitations of the public free will of choice based upon their interpretation of the Islamic theology and doctrine. The paper focuses to highlight how all three chosen Islamic theorist interpret the Islamic doctrine based upon my elected theses and more specifically pinpoint were the free will of choice ends, and Islam a...

  8. Hospital contacts for endocrine disorders in Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS): a population-based cohort study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Fine Licht, Sofie; Winther, Jeanette Falck; Gudmundsdottir, Thorgerdur;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The pattern of endocrine disorders in long-term survivors of childhood cancer has not been investigated comprehensively. Here, we aimed to assess the lifetime risk of these disorders in Nordic survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: From the national cancer registries of Denmark...... were linked to the national hospital registries, and observed numbers of first-time hospital contacts for endocrine disorders in survivors of childhood cancer were compared with the expected numbers derived from the population comparison cohort. We calculated the absolute excess risks attributable...... to status as a childhood cancer survivor and standardised hospitalisation rate ratios (SHRRs). FINDINGS: Of the childhood cancer survivors, 3292 had contact with a hospital for an endocrine disorder, yielding a SHRR of 4·8 (95% CI 4·6-5·0); the highest risks were in survivors of leukaemia (SHRR 7·3 [95% CI...

  9. Reply to Aitchison and Ali: Reconciling Himalayan ophiolite and Asian magmatic arc records with a two-stage India-Asia collision model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Hinsbergen, D.J.J.; Lippert, P.C.; Dupont-Nivet, G.; McQuarrie, N.; Doubrovine, P.V.; Spakman, W.; Torsvik, T.H.

    2012-01-01

    We recently presented a compilation of paleomagnetic data arguing for Cretaceous extension within Greater India. These data imply that a Tibetan Himalayan (TH) microcontinent rifted away from India, opening an oceanic Greater India Basin (GIB) in its wake. Consequently, we postulated a two-stage Ind

  10. DIDAKTIČNA MAPA ZA POUČEVANJE GEOGRAFIJE AVSTRALIJE IN POLARNIH OBMOČIJ PRI POUKU S SLEPIM ALI SLABOVIDNIM UČENCEM

    OpenAIRE

    Vrčkovnik, Mateja

    2016-01-01

    Slepi in slabovidni otroci predstavljajo skupino otok s posebnimi potrebami, ki imajo okvaro vidne funkcije. Slovenija spada po pojavnosti slepote v evropsko povprečje. Slabovidnost je pogostejši pojav kot slepota, tako pri mlajših kot tudi pri starejših, vendar pa se delež teh povečuje. Slepi in slabovidni so prikrajšani za vizualno spoznavanje in doživljanje sveta okoli sebe, zato informacije okoli sebe pridobivajo predvsem z drugimi čutili. Vse več slepih in slabovidnih otrok se z dana...

  11. Bez čvrstih stavova, ali s mnogo zahtjeva: čvrstoća uvjerenja i želja za označavanjem genetski modificirane hrane

    OpenAIRE

    Radas, Sonja; Teisl, Mario

    2007-01-01

    Postoje dva oprečna stajališta u odnosu na prihvaćanje genetski modificirane hrane (GM) i želje potrošača za označavanjem tih proizvoda. S jedne strane, postoji mišljenje kako potrošači nisu zainteresirani i kako stoga ne postoji želja za označavanjem GM proizvoda. Drugi se protive tom stavu. Podvojena mišljenja možda nastaju kao posljedica činjenice da u svakodnevnom životu potrošači mogu razlikovati više mogućnosti nego što se to u istraživanjima razmatra. Istodobno, potrošači mogu na razli...

  12. Ö?RETMEN ADAYLARININ ÖZ YETERLYK YNANÇLARI ve EPYSTEMOLOJYK YNANÇLARI ÜZERYNE BYR ÇALI?MA

    OpenAIRE

    Gürol, Aysun

    2010-01-01

    This study addresses prospective teachers' self-efficacy beliefs and epistemological beliefs in terms of such variables as gender, type of high school, branches of them at high school and their departments at the university and whether there is a significant relation between these beliefs. Descriptive method was used in the study. Study group is composed of fourth-grade students continuing their education in various departments at the Faculty of Education, at Fyrat University. Data collected ...

  13. Mikroflóra trávicího traktu žížaly .i.Eisenia andrei./i. (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Němcová, Anna; Pižl, Václav; Elhottová, Dana

    Bratislava: Ústav krajinnej ekológie SAV, 2008, s. 257-266. ISBN 978-80-89325-02-3. [Život v pôde /9./. Bratislava (SK), 30.01.2008-31.01.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA600200704; GA MŠk LC06066 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : Eisenia andrei * microflora * microbial-earthworm interactions Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  14. Barriers of the Development of Web-Based Training in Agricultural Higher Education System in Iran: A Case Study of Hamadan Bu Ali Sina University, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saadi, Heshmatollah; Mirzayi, Khalil; Movahedi, Reza

    2016-01-01

    Recently, higher education systems seek to use network-based and Internet-based information technologies in education, teaching and learning. E-learning in Iran higher education system has been started since 2003, however, its development has been very slow. The present study is a survey research. The participants of the study are faculty members,…

  15. Evaluation of radiologic findings in neonates with hirschprung's disease, referred to Boo-Ali Sina Hospital in Sari between 2008 and 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Abdolrasoul Alaee; Zoha Mehrara; Arezou Nozari

    2009-01-01

    (Received 9 September, 2009 ; Accepted 9 November, 2009)AbstractBackground and purpose: Diagnosis of Hirschprung's disease is one of the most important problems of pediatric surgeons and leaving it without treatment has its own complications. Early diagnosis in younger age with special attention to clinical and radiological findings can reduce these complications. The aim of this study was to compare the findings of plain abdominal radiography and contrast enema in neonates with Hirschprung's...

  16. Ali je uporaba kognitivnih modulatorjev smiselna pri zdravljenju bipolarne motnje razpoloženja?: Is the use of cognitive modulators reasonable in treatment of bipolar mood disorder?:

    OpenAIRE

    Dernovšek, Mojca Zvezdana; Kržišnik, Julija

    2011-01-01

    A significant proportion of patients with bipolar disorder do not respond satisfactorily to conventional pharmacological treatment with lithium, anticonvulsants, antipsychotics and antidepressants. Several studies point to high risk for chronic illness and relapse despite receiving available therapy.At this moment we do not even have a common definition for treatment-resistant bipolar disorder, which makes assessing the number of patients refractory to treatment very difficult. Not only resis...

  17. Comparison of Angiography Findings in Iranian Patients Younger and Older Than 50 Years Underwent Coronary Angiography in Boo-Ali Hospital: A Cross-sectional Study

    OpenAIRE

    Moshar; Najibpour; Mohsenikia; Bayesh; Vafaei Rad; Rahimi

    2016-01-01

    Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) or ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the most common cause of death globally. CAD is a multifactorial disease with many variable risk factors. It is estimated that its prevalence is increasing in various populations. CAD in young adults is also increasing in Iran due to the life style changes. Identifying risk factors and timely correction can reduce the burden of disease and related health problems. Obje...

  18. Development of Chromatographic Fingerprints of Eurycoma longifolia (Tongkat Ali) Roots Using Online Solid Phase Extraction-Liquid Chromatography (SPE-LC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaini, Nor Nasriah; Osman, Rozita; Juahir, Hafizan; Saim, Norashikin

    2016-01-01

    E. longifolia is attracting interest due to its pharmacological properties and pro-vitality effects. In this study, an online SPE-LC approach using polystyrene divinyl benzene (PSDVB) and C18 columns was developed in obtaining chromatographic fingerprints of E. longifolia. E. longifolia root samples were extracted using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) technique prior to online SPE-LC. The effects of mobile phase compositions and column switching time on the chromatographic fingerprint were optimized. Validation of the developed method was studied based on eurycomanone. Linearity was in the range of 5 to 50 µg∙mL(-1) (r² = 0.997) with 3.2% relative standard deviation of peak area. The developed method was used to analyze 14 E. longifolia root samples and 10 products (capsules). Selected chemometric techniques: cluster analysis (CA), discriminant analysis (DA), and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied to the fingerprint datasets of 37 selected peaks to evaluate the ability of the chromatographic fingerprint in classifying quality of E. longifolia. Three groups were obtained using CA. DA yielded 100% correlation coefficient with 19 discriminant compounds. Using PCA, E. longifolia root samples were clearly discriminated from the products. This study showed that the developed online SPE-LC method was able to provide comprehensive evaluation of E. longifolia samples for quality control purposes. PMID:27144555

  19. First principles study of structural, elastic, electronic and magnetic properties of Mn-doped AlY (Y=N, P, As) compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sajjad, M. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Alay-e-Abbas, S.M. [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan); Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Zhang, H.X. [School of Electronic Engineering, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 100876 (China); Beijing Key Laboratory of Work Safety Intelligent Monitoring (Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications), Beijing 100876 (China); Noor, N.A. [Centre for High Energy Physics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, 54590 Lahore (Pakistan); Saeed, Y. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad, Allama Iqbal Road, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Shakir, Imran [Deanship of scientific research, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. BOX 800, Riyadh 11421 (Saudi Arabia); Shaukat, A., E-mail: schaukat@gmail.com [Department of Physics, University of Sargodha, Sargodha 40100 (Pakistan)

    2015-09-15

    We investigate zinc-blende phase Al{sub 0.75}Mn{sub 0.25}Y (Y=N, P, As) compounds using full-potential linear-augmented-plane wave plus local-orbital method. For computing structural and elastic properties the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA) has been used; whereas the electronic and magnetic properties are examined at the optimized GGA lattice parameters by employing modified Becke and Johnson local density approximation. All these compounds are found to be stable in ferromagnetic ordering in the zinc-blende structure which is supported by the computed elastic constants. The nature of electronic band structure are calculated and the nature of band gaps in the doped system is analyzed. The results are examined to identify exchange mechanism which is the main source of introducing ferromagnetism in the compounds under investigation. Spin charge density contour plots in the (1 1 0) plane and the evaluation of s–p and p–d exchange constants (N{sub 0}α and N{sub 0}β) are evaluated for understanding bonding and exchange splitting process, respectively. - Highlights: • Spin-polarized DFT investigation Mn-doped AlN, AlP and AlAs is reported. • Structrual and elastic properites are computed for evaluating stability. • mBJLDA used for appropriate treatment of d states of Mn for electronic properties. • Half metallicity, ferromagnetic stability and exchange constants are evaluated.

  20. Méthodologie pour déterminer les zones à risque pour les cultures céréalières pluviales au Sahel

    OpenAIRE

    M. Martini

    1996-01-01

    L'alimentation des populations du Sahel dépend en grande partie de la production agricole, qui est basée sur les céréales pluviales : mil, sorgho et maïs. L'utilisation d'entrants dans la région sahélienne est très limitée et la variabilité d'une année à l'autre et d'une zone à l'autre est déterminée par la distribution spatiale et temporelle des pluies. La méthodologie présentée vise à la détermination des "zones à risque" pour les céréales pluviales en utilisant les champs pluviométriques e...

  1. Identifying the Effect of the Old Neighborhoods İdentity on the Consent of the Living Environment (Case Study: Ali Gholi Agha and Vali Asr Neighborhood in Esfahan)

    OpenAIRE

    MOAKHAR, Elnaz Khadem; GHARAEI, Fariba; ESFAHANI, Morvarid Ghasemi; KHADEM, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    A lot of cities in Iran including Esfahan have a significant old history, and the inner parts of the city is historically valuable, but the exogenous growth, adding multiple functions in different parts of the city, and its expansion caused the neighborhoods gradually experienced problems. Fortunately, most of these neighborhoods in Esfahan have retained their identities and people still keep the sense of belonging to the neighborhoods. But today, some neighborhoods are emerging which except ...

  2. A STUDY ON PREVAL E NCE OF BIRTH DEFECTS AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH RISK FACTORS IN FAKHRUDHIN ALI AH MED MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpana

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Congenital anomalies or Birth Defects are a global problem. It is the most common cause of disability in developed and developing countries. This study aims to evaluate the overall prevalence of clinically detectable congenital anomalies in newborns along with the different forms of congenital anomalies and associated risk factors if any over a period of one year. MATERIALS AND METHOD S: I t’s an observational analytical cross sectional type of study. Seven thousand seven hundred and ninety eight babies born during the period from 1 st Nov, 2013 to 31 st Oct, 2014 were analyzed. Details of cases were recorded after parent’s interviews, clinical, radiological and laboratory evaluations. RESULTS: In our study, we have found that out of the total no. of 7798 babies born during the said period, the total number of congenital anomalies found were 53 0.7%. Cleft lip and palate was the most common anomaly followed by clubfoot. System wise, congenital anomaly of the musculoskeletal system was the highest (45.3%. A male preponderance is seen with M:F = 4:3. Maximum number of anomalies was found in the 20 - 25 y rs of age group. Moreover, anomalies were found more in primi gravida. Various risk factors were associated in 9 numbers of cases out of 53. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of congenital anomaly was found to be 0.7% and therefore awareness about preventable risk f actors should be created and early prenatal diagnosis and management of anomalies is recommended.

  3. Ali Bensaâd (dir.), (2009), Le Maghreb à l'épreuve des migrations subsahariennes. Immigration sur émigration

    OpenAIRE

    Zeghbib, Hocine

    2011-01-01

    Le livre, sorti en librairie en mars 2009, regroupe les travaux d'une vingtaine de chercheurs sur les migrations subsahariennes. Il vient, fort opportunément, combler un vide important sur une question qui a, par ailleurs, beaucoup intéressé médias et politiques durant les quinze années écoulées. Enfin un ouvrage rassemblant des travaux scientifiques pour clarifier le débat et tordre le coup aux approximations dont certains médias ne se privent pas dès lors qu'il faut mettre en scène, contre ...

  4. Impacts du changement climatique sur les calendriers agricoles : Exemples de cultures céréalières du Plateau lorrain

    OpenAIRE

    Fournier, Thomas; De La Torre, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    Cette étude conduite pour déterminer si les cycles des céréales sont modifiés avec le changement climatique, articule pour la première fois les conduites menées par les agriculteurs du Nord-Est de la France et celles de gestionnaires de dispositifs d’expérimentation agronomique. Menée en Lorraine, elle essaie de tester l'hypothèse formulée en Finlande en 2008: les dates de semis et de récolte sont avancées. Les calendriers culturaux sont examinés avec deux méthodes : (i) des enquêtes chez 12 ...

  5. Carrier-carrier scattering in the gain dynamics of InxGa1-xAs/AlyGa1-yAs diode lasers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanders, Gary D; Sun, C.-K.; Golubovic, B.;

    1996-01-01

    Ultrafast optical nonlinearities in semiconductors play a central role in determining transient amplification and pulse-dependent gain saturation in diode lasers. Both carrier-phonon and carrier-carrier scattering are expected to determine the gain dynamics in these systems. We present a relaxation......-Dirac function where the chemical potential and temperature are self-consistently chosen so that both particle number and energy are conserved in the carrier-carrier scattering process. The relaxation approximation makes the problem an effective one-dimensional problem which can then be solved directly for the...

  6. Težave z zaposlovanjem mladih, ki so bili v otroštvu ali zgodnji mladosti zdravljeni zaradi raka

    OpenAIRE

    Babič, Janja

    2015-01-01

    A malign illness and its treatment in childhood or adolescence may be immediately or eventually followed by physical or mental consequences. The impact of the illness on the quality ofends upon the type of consequence and upon the response of the former patient, as well as of society, to the illness and to its consequences. The undesired results include difficulties in schooling, in the search of employment, and at work. The percentage of persons with difficulties in finding employment and at...

  7. First principles study of structural, elastic, electronic and magnetic properties of Mn-doped AlY (Y=N, P, As) compounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigate zinc-blende phase Al0.75Mn0.25Y (Y=N, P, As) compounds using full-potential linear-augmented-plane wave plus local-orbital method. For computing structural and elastic properties the Generalized Gradient Approximation (GGA) has been used; whereas the electronic and magnetic properties are examined at the optimized GGA lattice parameters by employing modified Becke and Johnson local density approximation. All these compounds are found to be stable in ferromagnetic ordering in the zinc-blende structure which is supported by the computed elastic constants. The nature of electronic band structure are calculated and the nature of band gaps in the doped system is analyzed. The results are examined to identify exchange mechanism which is the main source of introducing ferromagnetism in the compounds under investigation. Spin charge density contour plots in the (1 1 0) plane and the evaluation of s–p and p–d exchange constants (N0α and N0β) are evaluated for understanding bonding and exchange splitting process, respectively. - Highlights: • Spin-polarized DFT investigation Mn-doped AlN, AlP and AlAs is reported. • Structrual and elastic properites are computed for evaluating stability. • mBJLDA used for appropriate treatment of d states of Mn for electronic properties. • Half metallicity, ferromagnetic stability and exchange constants are evaluated

  8. WikiLeaks teroristična organizacija - da ali ne? : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Livojević, Luka

    2013-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi je prikazan celotne potek afere WikiLeaks, pred in po izdaji tajnih dokumentov. V prvem delu sem napisal nekaj on internetnem terorizmu in tajnih dokumentih za lažje razumevanje diplomske naloge. Kaj je to kibernetski prostor in kako se ga uporablja. V nadaljevanju sem prešel na glavnega akterja zgodbe Juliana Assangeea. Opisal sem njegovo odraščanje in mladost, ki je imelo nanj velik vpliv. Prav zaradi nenehnih selitev v mladosti je bil pripravljen zapustiti mesto, s...

  9. Excitonic localization in AlN-rich AlxGa1−xN/AlyGa1−yN multi-quantum-well grain boundaries

    KAUST Repository

    Ajia, Idris A.

    2014-09-22

    AlGaN/AlGaN multi-quantum-wells (MQW) with AlN-rich grains have been grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition. The grains are observed to have strong excitonic localization characteristics that are affected by their sizes. The tendency to confine excitons progressively intensifies with increasing grain boundary area. Photoluminescence results indicate that the MQW have a dominant effect on the peak energy of the near-bandedge emission at temperatures below 150 K, with the localization properties of the grains becoming evident beyond 150 K. Cathodoluminescence maps reveal that the grain boundary has no effect on the peak intensities of the AlGaN/AlGaN samples.

  10. Controlling the compositional inhomogeneities in AlxGa1-xN/AlyGa1-yN MQWs grown by PA-MBE: Effect on luminescence properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramanik, Pallabi; Sen, Sayantani; Singha, Chirantan; Roy, Abhra Shankar; Das, Alakananda; Sen, Susanta; Bhattacharyya, Anirban; Kumar, Deepak; Sridhara Rao, D. V.

    2016-04-01

    Al0.35Ga0.65N/Al0.55Ga0.45N MQWs were grown by PA-MBE using a range of group III/V flux ratios. TEM images indicate sharp interfaces and well/barrier widths of 1.5/2 nm. We observe that small variations of group III/V flux ratio cause dramatic variations in the room temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectra. In addition to band edge luminescence, multiple low energy PL peaks are observed for growths under excess group III conditions, which are absent for near-stoichiometric growth. Temperature dependent PL measurements indicate that at room temperature, emission occurs due to transitions at potential fluctuations generated by the presence of compositional inhomogeneity. These effects are dominant for growth under excess group III conditions due to the presence of a metallic layer on the growth surface during deposition. This can be eliminated by the use of an Indium surfactant during growth, which modifies the diffusion length of Ga and Al adatoms. Under these conditions, the optical properties of MQWs are relatively insensitive to variations in group III to V flux ratio and hence substrate temperature, thus making them suitable for industrial-scale fabrication of optoelectronic devices in the ultraviolet range.

  11. Revêtements d'hydroxyapatite réalisés par projection plasma : vers de nouvelles fonctionnalités

    OpenAIRE

    Bertrand Ghislaine; Grossin David; Rey Christian

    2013-01-01

    Dans les stratégies de remplacement/reconstruction des os et des articulations, il est souvent fait appel à des matériaux revêtus. Le matériau de structure permet d'assurer une bonne tenue mécanique et le revêtement doit faciliter et pérenniser l'ancrage dans le site osseux. Dans ce contexte, la technique de projection plasma est largement utilisée pour réaliser industriellement des revêtements d'hydroxyapatite. Nous proposons ici de faire une revue sur les avancées en termes de procédé (proj...

  12. Iranian supplier HEPCO receives CMS Gold Award: Ali Mohammad Rafiee (left) from HEPCO receives the CMS Gold Award from CMS spokesman Michel Della Negra.

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïezi

    2004-01-01

    As part of the fifth annual CMS awards, Iranian contractor HEPCO has received a Gold Award, for top suppliers, in a ceremony held on 14 June. HEPCO received the award for the excellent quality of work in constructing two 20 tonne support tables, two 75 tonne shields and supporting brackets to lower the Hadron Forward Calorimeter into the CMS detector cavern, to tolerances that were very difficult in structures of this size.

  13. L'impact des oiseaux granivores sur les cultures céréalières dans le delta central du Niger au Mali

    OpenAIRE

    Billiet, F.

    1983-01-01

    The impact of granivorous birds on cereal farming in the central delta of Niger river in Mali. Masses of granivorous birds destroy about 5-10 % of the rice crop produced in the central Niger delta. To the local species (ducks, ploceid birds and the quelea, which is the most abundant and noxious pest with numbers ranging from 18 million in January to 10 million in May-June) add palearctic migratory birds, which are mainly ducks and stilt-birds. Bird control is necessarily undertaken but is ine...

  14. Influence of inelastic collisions with hydrogen atoms on the formation of AlI and SiI lines in stellar spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashonkina, L. I.; Belyaev, A. K.; Shi, J.-R.

    2016-06-01

    We have performed calculations by abandoning the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (within the so-called non-LTE approach) for Al I and Si I with model atmospheres corresponding to stars of spectral types F-G-Kwith differentmetal abundances. To take into account inelastic collisions with hydrogen atoms, for the first time we have applied the cross sections calculated by Belyaev et al. using model approaches within the formalism of the Born-Oppenheimer quantum theory. We show that for Al I non-LTE leads to higher ionization (overionization) than in LTE in the spectral line formation region and to a weakening of spectral lines, which is consistent with earlier non-LTE studies. However, our results, especially for the subordinate lines, differ quantitatively from the results of predecessors. Owing to their large cross sections, the ion-pair production and mutual neutralization processes Al I( nl) + HI(1 s) ↔ Al II(3 s 2) + H- provide a close coupling of highly excited Al I levels with the Al II ground state, which causes the deviations from the equilibrium level population to decrease compared to the calculations where the collisions only with electrons are taken into account. For three moderately metal-deficient dwarf stars, the aluminum abundance has been determined from seven Al I lines in different models of their formation. Under the assumption of LTE and in non-LTE calculations including the collisions only with electrons, the Al I 3961 ˚A resonance line gives a systematically lower abundance than the mean abundance from the subordinate lines, by 0.25-0.45 dex. The difference for each star is removed by taking into account the collisions with hydrogen atoms, and the rms error of the abundance derived from all seven Al I lines decreases by a factor of 1.5-3 compared to the LTE analysis. We have calculated the non- LTE corrections to the abundance for six subordinate Al I lines as a function of the effective temperature (4500 K ≤ T eff ≤ 6500 K), surface gravity (3.0 ≤ log g ≤ 4.5), and metal abundance ([M/H] = 0, -1, -2, and -3). For Si I including the collisions with HI leads to the establishment of equilibrium populations in the spectral line formation region even in hot metal-deficient models and to vanishingly small departures from LTE in spectral lines.

  15. Si ali nisi manager v franšizni organizaciji? : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Šorli, Brigita

    2013-01-01

    V današnjem času se pojavlja veliko franšiznih organizacij, kot ena izmed oblik poslovnega sodelovanja. Pri franšizi ne govorimo o običajnem poslovnem partnerstvu, temveč o posebni obliki organizacije pravno samostojnih podjetnikov. Franšizing je mnogim bližnjica za uresničitev podjetniških vizij, saj je glavna prednost pri tej poslovni metodi, da franšizing podjetnikom omogoča delovanje znotraj določenega poslovnega sistema, po drugi strani pa v določeni meri ohranijo svojo neodvisnost. ...

  16. Slovenska »mala« inovativnost: nenehno izboljševanje ali trajna stagnacija? = Slovenian Employee Suggestion Systems: A Continuous Improvement Or a Continuous Stagnation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Fatur

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The operations management theory emphasizes the management ofincremental innovations as one of the cornerstones for continuous improvementof a firm’s operational efficiency. Also in Slovenia, the companiesfollow the foreign practices in this field as well as developingtheir own solutions. Unfortunately, the introduction of employee suggestionsystems very often turns out to be a failure. The paper aimsto analyze the incremental innovation management systems, in particularthe employee suggestion systems, on a sample of Sloveniancompanies from the automotive and fabricated metal products industry.Based on the key output indices, two groups of companies are definedwith a different ability to introduce innovations. The main differencesin the organization of the employee suggestions managementbetween the two groups are presented. As such, the research resultsmay contribute to an improvement and further growth of these systemsin Slovenian companies.

  17. Pengaruh Metode Massage Terhadap Pengurangan Intensitas Nyeri pada Persaliinan Kala I di Klinik Bersalin Fatimah Ali I Marindal Medan Tahun 2010

    OpenAIRE

    Ratih, Rini Hariani

    2010-01-01

    Semua wanita mengalami nyeri selama persalinan, hal ini merupakan proses fisiologis. Salah satu metode yang sangat efektif dalam menanggulanginya adalah dengan massage yaitu metode effleurage dan metode abdominal lifting yang merupakan salah satu metode nonfarmakologi yang dilakukan untuk mengurangi nyeri persalinan. Wanita yang mendapat metode massage selama persalinan mengalami penurunan kecemasan, pengurangan nyeri, dan waktu persalinan lebih pendek secara bermakna. Tujuan penelitian ini ...

  18. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... physical symptoms. A key element of her pain management was helping her understand how articulate the ailments ... Aly. Today, Aly is still focused on a quality life. Aly Becker Aly is still the go- ...

  19. S tatu s a n dC omparativ e An aly sis of Overseas Upstream Businesses of China'sOil Majors%S tatu s a n dC omparativ e An aly sis of Overseas Upstream Businesses of China'sOil Majors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiYushun

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, China's three oil majors has taken .the opportunity of rising oil price and financialcrisis, implemented the "going out" strategy and done international businesses. They have been actively engaged in overseas oil/gas development and petroleum engineering services. They have completed market existence in overseas upstream business successively and their overseas upstream business is on a fast track of development.

  20. Double stars measurements with cheap CCD sensors (French Title: Mesures d'étoiles doubles visuelles réalisées à l'aide de capteurs dtc de grande diffusion)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losse, F.

    2005-09-01

    This paper presents 262 measurements of visual binaries. They essentially come from a three years evaluation period of cheap CCD sensors coupled with either off the shelves or modified webcam electronics. The evaluation cycle and results are largely described in Bulletin n°40 de la Commission des Etoiles Doubles (Sept. 2002 - Société Astronomique de France). These devices can produce measurements as consistent as those obtained with a filar micrometer on the same 8" telescope. The most recent measurements (epoch 2004+) were obtained with an "Audine" camera shipped with a KAF400. Besides the stars visited for evaluation purpose, we present some systems of interest : 17 orbital binaries, 35 neglected systems, 15 confirmations and 2 discoveries of a third component in already known systems.

  1. Rändeandmete kvaliteet ja rändesuundumused Eestis aastatel 2000-2005 = The quality of migration data and the trends of migration in Estonia in 2000-2005 / Alis Tammur, Tiit Tammaru, Ene- Margit Tiit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammur, Alis

    2006-01-01

    Eesti statistilise rahvastikuarvestuse alus on olnud viimase rahvaloenduse rahvaarv, millele lisatakse omavalitsusüksuste kaupa registripõhiselt kogutavad sünnid, surmad ning sisse- ja väljaränne. Rahvaloenduse ja rahvastikuregistri andmete põhimõtteline erinevus. Sise- ja välisrände arvestamise probleemid, rändesuundumuste analüüs. Diagramm. Tabelid

  2. Književna vzgoja v vrtcu ali česa naj se o književnosti naučijo otroci v otroškem vrtcu:

    OpenAIRE

    Kordigel Aberšek, Metka

    1997-01-01

    Encounters with children's literature in the pre-school period should be spontaneous and directed towards a creative voyage through literary worlds, but at the same time aiming at stimulating the child's receptive ability which would help him or her experience a literary work in all its aesthetic and emotional intensity. In literary didactics, objectives of literary education are classified as educational, functional and formative. The article focuses on the educational objectives of kinderga...

  3. Delovne migracije - nov miselni vzorec ali model ekonomske akomodacije Študija primera slovensko-italijanskega obmejnega območja: študija primera slovensko-italijanskega obmejnega območja:

    OpenAIRE

    Maraspin, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    Recently, the migration phenomenon has acquired such dimensions and exhibited such implications on various social spheres that it has turned into not only a global phenomenon giving shape to a transnational area, but a real state of mind of new generations - it offers an equal option within the array of possibilities for success in (or better quality of) daily life; in short, it has turned into a thinking pattern giving rise to the "culture of migration". Formal and informal sources indicate ...

  4. Crystal-structural study of zirconium chelates with alkali metals of composition A2[Zr(Nta)2]·xH2O (A=Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs or CH3H6)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some zirconium complexes with nitrile triacetate and with alkali metal in the external sphere were studied crystalostructurally. Packing of complexes and extra-sphere cations was studied. Plane or slightly corrugated anion layers of two essentially different types arranged according to the principle of trigonal and square grids represent the standard element of crystal structure. Water molecules are located both in anion and cation layers. CN and coordination polyhedron of cations are different even in case of stereotype nature of reasons of their location in the interlayer space. In Cs-, Rb- and K- compounds polyhedrons of alkali metal form specific doubled chains. These compounds are not isomorphous ones and are characterized by a specific way of water molecule location. Structure of sodium compound differs fundamentally from other ones. Ionic conductivity may be expected in crystals. 4 refs., 6 figs., 2 tabs

  5. Ekphrasis : au lieu de décrire ce qu’ils voyaient, ils réalisèrent ce qui était décrit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vanessa Lucena

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution s’insère dans le domaine des recherches actuelles en didactique des arts visuels mettant en évidence les pratiques de la réception des œuvres. Elle rend compte d’un projet d’apprentissage artistique prenant comme matière la collection René et Madeleine Junod et pratiquée durant quatre mois de leçons hebdomadaires dans deux classes de 7e maturité d’une école publique de la ville de La Chaux-de-Fonds en Suisse. Le projet a été vécu en trois parties : un exercice d’ekphrasis et de reproduction par la méthode de la grille de copie en salle de classe, une série de « jeux de stimulation de l’observation » pendant une visite au musée, complétée par les activités de dessin et coloriage à la maison et en salle de classe. Cet article est centré sur le premier exercice de « l’ekphrasis » où il a été proposé aux élèves la description de quatre tableaux de styles, thèmes et artistes différents. Chaque descriptif posait des contraintes en termes de composition des images et d’interprétation d’un vocabulaire spécifique aux arts visuels. Ekphrasis: Instead of describing what they were seeing, they created what was described This contribution goes into the domain of current research in Visual Arts didactics putting in evidence the methods of the “réception d’œuvre”. It reports an artistic learning project based on René and Madeleine Junod’s collection and practiced during four month of weekly Visual Arts lessons in two 7th grade classes of a public school in the city of La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland. The project was built in three parts: an “ekphrasis” activity, which implies describing by words a few paintings of the collection, then copying them using the “grille de copie” method; a few “games of observation skills stimulation” during the visit of a museum, then reinforced and completed by the “painting and drawing activities” at home and in the classroom. This article focuses only on the first exercise of the “ekphrasis” in which four paintings descriptions, all of different styles, themes and artists, were given to the students. Each description setting represented a constraint in terms of images composition and interpretation of a specific Visual Arts vocabulary.

  6. Improvement orange–red emitting by codoping A{sup +} (A=Li, Na, K) in Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl:Sm{sup 3+}phosphor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Zhijun, E-mail: wangzhijunmail@yahoo.com.cn [College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (China); Li, Panlai; Zhang, Xing; Li, Qingxuan; Li, Ting; Yang, Zhiping; Guo, Qinglin [College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University, Baoding 071002 (China)

    2013-04-01

    Sm{sup 3+} doped Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl with different charge compensation approaches are synthesized by a high temperature solid state reaction method, and systematically characterized by the luminescent properties and the CIE chromaticity coordinates. All the samples show the characteristics orange–red emission of Sm{sup 3+} ion with good CIE chromaticity coordinates. When codoped Li{sup +}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +} as charge compensators, the relative emission intensities of Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl:Sm{sup 3+} are increased to 1.57, 1.99 and 1.78 times that of the direct charge balance. The difference is considered to be due to the different ion radii effect on the crystal field of Sm{sup 3+} ions. The results indicate that Na{sup +} ion may be the optimal compensation charge for Ca{sub 2}BO{sub 3}Cl:Sm{sup 3+}.

  7. La dynamique structurale de l'acétylcholinestérase: étude réalisée par cristallographie aux rayons X et une méthode spectroscopique complémentaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Sanson, Benoît

    2009-01-01

    L'objectif de la thèse était de regarder l'acétylcholinestérase (AChE) en mouvement. L'AChE est une enzyme très rapide qui met fin à la transmission de l'influx nerveux au sein des synapses cholinergiques. À l'aide de la cristallographie aux rayons X, des sous-états conformationnels de l'AChE de Torpedo californica (Tc) ont été piégés par sa liaison à des drogues anti-Alzheimer putatives. Les formes, non vieillie et vieillie, de la TcAChE conjuguée au soman ont été caractérisées structuraleme...

  8. Incidences des normes de conception sur la sécurié routière. Recherche réalisée pour la Commission Européenne (DG VII).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruyters, H.G.J.C.M. Slop, M. & Wegman, F.C.M. (eds.)

    1994-01-01

    This report describes the results of a study carried out for the European Union. The report uses the safety principle that: (i) proper road design is crucial to prevent human errors in traffic; and (ii) less human errors will result in less accidents. The study contains the following parts: (1) gath

  9. Tradicinio ir netradicinio amžiaus studentų universitetines studijas lemiantys demografiniai veiksniai (užsienio šalių tyrėjų patirtis)

    OpenAIRE

    Martinkienė, Gitana

    2009-01-01

    Straipsnyje analizuojami užsienio šalyse atlikti socialiniai edukaciniai tyrimai, orientuoti į tradicinio ir netradicinio amžiaus universiteto studentus, ir demografinių veiksnių pagrindu apibūdinama jų socialinė edukacinė situacija. Nagrinėjamas tradicinio ir netradicinio amžiaus universiteto studentų socialinių edukacinių tyrimų modelis, išryškinama demografinių veiksnių įtaka studentų požiūriui į universitetines studijas, remiantis įvairių užsienio mokslininkų patirtimi. Atskleidžiama užsi...

  10. Évolution de la mobilité et mise en service du TGV-Atlantique. Résultats des enquêtes réalisées en septembre 1989 et septembre 1993

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Olivier

    1995-01-01

    A l'initiative de l'OEST, qui a assuré le suivi technique de l'opération, et grâce à un financement du Ministère des Transports, le Laboratoire d'Economie des Transports a pu réaliser en septembre 1989 puis en septembre 1993 une enquête voyageurs sur l'Ouest et le Sud-Ouest de la France, soit juste avant, puis 4 ans après la mise en service du TGV Atlantique. Cette recherche s'inscrit dans une problématique de mise en évidence de l'ensemble des transformations imputables à la généralisation d...

  11. Neplačevanje prispevkov s strani delodajalca - prekršek ali kaznivo dejanje? : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Jenkole, Maša

    2012-01-01

    Prispevki za socialno varnost so sredstva, ki jih morajo delodajalci in delojemalci plačevati mesečno. Ti prispevki se plačujejo v odstotkih od bruto plače. Plačujejo se do petnajstega v mesecu za pretekli mesec. Gospodarska kriza je dobro prispevala k temu, da veliko gospodarskih družb ni plačevalo prispevkov za socialno varnost svojim delavcem. Za vsakogar je pomembno, da se zaveda svojih pravic, ki mu v delovnem razmerju pripadajo. Ena izmed teh pravic so tudi pravice, ki jih pridobi za...

  12. Comment on 'Artificial neural network based modeling of heated catalytic converter performance' by M. Ali Akcayol and Can Cinar [Applied Thermal Engineering 25 (2005) 2341

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sha, W. [Metals Research Group, School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, The Queen' s University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)

    2007-02-15

    A paper has been published in Applied Thermal Engineering, using feed-forward artificial neural network (ANN) in the modeling of heated catalytic converter performance. The present paper attempts to discuss and comment on the paper. The amount of data used in the paper are not enough to determine the number of fitting parameters in the network. Therefore, the model is not mathematically sound or justified. The conclusion is that ANN modeling should be used with care and enough data. (author)

  13. 对支付宝快捷支付事件的经济法律解读%An Explanation of Ali-Pay’s Quick Payment from the Angle of Economics and Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎四奇

    2014-01-01

    就事物的发展而言,问题本身并不会阻碍事物的发展。然而,如果一个问题的解决是以理念与方法都错位的方式处理时,那么它不仅会使问题晦涩化,而且也会扰乱与问题相关的社会关系,从而导致资源配置的低下与正义目的的落空。对于快捷支付的是非,只有置于市场自由、竞争、创新、国家权力的边界等基点上,并本着问题的解决必须给未来发展留下空间的新思维,才可能形成理性且富有效率的答案。%As far as the development is concerned, problem itself is not the barrier for its evolution. However, if a problem is solved in a wrong way or incorrect doctrine, it will not only make the problem more troublesome, but also disturb the social order connected with it, and lead to the inefficiency of resources and failure of justice. Regarding the quick payment, only on the basis of market freedom, competition, innovation, conifnes of state power and considering the future development in dealing with problem can produce the reasonable and efifcient answer.

  14. KAİZEN MALİYETLEME SİSTEMİ : DİNAMİK BİR MALİYET YÖNETİMİ SİSTEMİ Öğr.Gör.Dr. Ali ALTINBAY

    OpenAIRE

    ,

    2006-01-01

    Kaizen Maliyetleme Sistemi, “yalın muhasebe” kavramı içerisinde yeralan maliyet yönetim sistemlerinden birisidir. Kaizen Maliyetleme Sistemi 1970’li yıllarda geliştirilmiş olup, halen en önemli Japon işletmeleri tarafından kullanılmaktadır. Bir mamule üretim sürecinde uygulanan Kaizen Maliyetleme Sisteminin iki temel amacı bulunmaktadır. Bu amaçlardan birincisi Kaizen Felsefesini üretim sürecine uygulayarak maliyet azaltımını sağlamaktır. Ulaşılması istenen amaçlardan ikincisi ise değer katma...

  15. Examination of nutrition habits of high school students 14-18 age14-18 yaş lise öğrencilerinin beslenme alişkanliklarının incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mutlu Ildız

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to examine eating habits of high school students ages 14-18. A total of 610 (313 girls, 297 boys volunteer students who is attending in high schools in Denizli, participated in the study. Eating habits were determined by dietary questionnaire which consisting of 10 questions. Statistical calculations were performed with SPSS. To find differences by gender chi-square test were applied. In the event of P values less than 0.05 between-group differences and relationships between variables were considered significant.It was found that p<0.01 level of significant difference between the boys and girls given responses to “Do you always eat your breakfast?”. In the other age groups there was no significant difference.  66.0% of male high school students and 64.9% of the female high school students who participated to survey stated that they hadn’t skipped their lunch with always having their lunch. Whereas at the dinner as a very large majority like 93.3% of boys and 86.6% girls stated that they had always consumed their meals regularly.As a result, it can be say that breakfast is the meal that mostly skipped by adolescent students at the age 14-18 and they haven’t regular eating habit and depending on gender there are some changes in eating habits.Özet:Bu çalışma, 14-18 yaş lise öğrencilerinin beslenme alışkanlıklarının incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmaya Denizli ili merkez liselerde öğrenim gören 313 kız, 297 erkek olmak üzere toplam 610 gönüllü öğrenci katılmıştır. Çalışmanın yöntemsel modeli tarama yöntemi olup, katılımcılara beslenme alışkanlıklarını öğrenebilmek için 10 sorudan oluşan beslenme anketi uygulanmıştır. İstatiksel hesaplamalar SPSS programında yapılmıştır. Cinsiyetlere göre farkı bulmak için ki kare testi uygulanmıştır. P değerinin 0,05’ten küçük olması durumunda gruplar arası fark ve değişkenler arası ilişki anlamlı kabul edilmiştir.Erkek ve kız lise öğrencilerinin sabah öğünlerinizi her zaman yer misiniz? sorusuna verdikleri cevaplar arasında p<0,01 düzeyinde anlamlı fark bulunmuştur. Diğer yaş gruplarında ise anlamlı farklılığa rastlanmamıştır. Araştırmaya katılan erkek lise öğrencilerinin %66.0’sı, kızların ise %64.9’u öğle yemeklerini her zaman yiyerek öğle öğününü atlamadıklarını belirtmişlerdir. Akşam öğününde ise erkeklerde %93.3, kızlarda ise %86.6 gibi çok büyük bir çoğunluk her zaman öğünü düzenli olarak tükettiklerini belirtmişlerdir.Sonuç olarak, 14-18 yaş adölesan öğrencilerin en çok atladıkları öğünün kahvaltı olduğu, beslenme alışkanlıklarının düzenli olmadığı, cinsiyete bağlı beslenme alışkanlıklarında değişiklikler meydana geldiği söylenebilir.

  16. 深孔钻探降低钻探成本方法%AnAlySiS of method reduCinG CoSt of deep-hole drillinG CoSt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王幼凤

    2015-01-01

    Combined with practice of deep-hole drilling in recent years, this paper analyzed the composition of the drilling cost, discussed the influence factors and put forward a way of reducing the cost.%结合近年来施工的深部钻探实践,从深部钻探成本构成分析入手,讨论了影响钻探成本的因素,提出了降低钻探成本的途径。

  17. Deux curiosités historiques: l'hôpital civil et les cellules de Compostelle de l'asile d'aliénés de Cadillac

    OpenAIRE

    Bénézech, M.

    2011-01-01

    Abstract In 1617, the first duc d?Epernon founded Cadillac hospital and granted it financial autonomy on two conditions: 1) That 12 beds should serve for the free treatment of ill local people; 2) that 6 other beds should be used for the free accommodation for one or two nights of travelers and pilgrims on the road to Santiago de Compostella. The ?civil hospital? was the beginning of the Cadillac lunatic asylum, of which it was to become an ?annex?. Right up to its closure in 1972,...

  18. 双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复中的临床应用%Clinical application of double gingival retraction technique for ali- ceramic restorations of CAD / CAM.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙珍; 许晓波; 边华琴

    2011-01-01

    Objection: To evaluate double gingival retraction technique of all-ceramic restorations in CAD/CAM.Method: 30 patients,48 restorations in CAD/CAM were used with double gingival retraction technique, observed gingival、prepared tooth, digital impression and all-ceramic restoration. Result: The rates of satisfaction with double gingival retraction were 97.91%,95.83 % and 100 %. Conclusion:Double gingival retraction technique was an effective method in CAD/CAM restoration.%目的:评价双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复中的临床应用效果.方法:对30例48单位前牙行CAD/CAM全瓷修复,牙体预备后采用双排龈技术进行排龈,检查牙龈及预备体、光学印模以及修复体边缘情况.结果:双排龈技术的满意率分别为97.91%,95.83%,100.0%.结论:双排龈技术在CAD/CAM全瓷修复时具有很好的应用效果.

  19. Etablissement de scénarios alternatifs de valorisations alimentaires et non alimentaires des ressources céréalières wallonnes à l'horizon 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Van Stappen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Alternative scenarios for food and non-food uses of Walloon cereals by 2030. Topic. Based on the current uses of cereals grown in Wallonia (Belgium, various scenarios defining possible futures for the Walloon cereal sector have been created. Purpose. These scenarios lay the basis for research aiming at assessing the sustainability of food and non-food uses of cereals. Method. Based on contrasted hypotheses, four scenarios for the uses of Walloon cereals by 2030 have been defined with the support of stakeholders involved in all the steps of the chain. Results. The first scenario, called "Business-as-Usual", extrapolates trends from 15 years before 2010 and up to 2030. In the second scenario, called "Strategic", the current system is optimized from the environmental, economic and social point of view. The third and fourth scenarios break with current trends. The third scenario, called "Localization", considers an increased autonomy and the development of new cereal processing units in Wallonia. The fourth scenario, called "Globalization", focuses on a massive level of cereal export in response to an increasing demand from the global market and deals with high added-value products within Wallonia. Conclusions. Issues such as competition between food uses and non-food uses of cereals and of Walloon dependency on imports are addressed in these scenarios illustrating possible future situations, from food self-sufficiency to dramatic globalization, through the development of new outlets combining the adaptation of cropping practices, consumption, the evolution of habits and the use of new technologies.

  20. Examination of nutrition habits of high school students 14-18 age14-18 yaş lise öğrencilerinin beslenme alişkanliklarının incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study is to examine eating habits of high school students ages 14-18. A total of 610 (313 girls, 297 boys) volunteer students who is attending in high schools in Denizli, participated in the study. Eating habits were determined by dietary questionnaire which consisting of 10 questions. Statistical calculations were performed with SPSS. To find differences by gender chi-square test were applied. In the event of P values less than 0.05 between-group differences and relationships ...

  1. Résistance culturelle et “Révolution nationale” pétainiste: Les Mouches de Jean-Paul Sartre comme dénonciation d’une religion aliénante sous la France de Vichy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalie Stevens

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza de qué manera Jean-Paul Sartre utilizó el teatro –y notablemente su primera obra Les Mouches- para criticar el régimen de Vichy y su instrumentalización de las creencias religiosas a fin de someter y dominar a la población francesa. Él no sólo quiso ilustrar la conveniente relación entre la Iglesia y el poder sino también mostrar las posibilidades con que contaban los intelectuales franceses para luchar contra la dominación de Vichy, la censura y las represalias de los adversarios políticos.___________________ABSTRACT:This paper analyses the way in which Jean-Paul Sartre used the theatre – and outstandingly, his first play Les Mouches - to criticise the regime of Vichy and the way it exploited religious beliefs in order to subjugate and dominate the French population. Not only did he manage to illustrate the convenient relationship between the Church and the power, but also showed how the French intellectuals were able to fight against the domination of Vichy, the censorship and the reprisals against political adversaries.

  2. La naturalización del humor en la traducción audiovisual (TAV):¿traducción o adaptación? El caso de los doblajes de gomaespuma: Ali g indahouse

    OpenAIRE

    Botella Tejera, Carla

    2006-01-01

    Screen Translation has become a very important field of study in these past years. Humor transfer has always been a very difficult problem that translators have to face really often. Although polemical and criticized by many experts, “domestication” is one of the main techniques to try to solve this kind of problems, especially in Screen Translation where words are subordinated to the image, and translators cannot use notes. In this paper we are going to study the dubbing pr...

  3. Ali stanje lišajske flore že kaže na spremembo kakovosti zraka v Šaleški dolini po izgradnji čistilnih naprav v termoelektrarni Šoštanj?

    OpenAIRE

    Savšek, Simona; Ambrožič, Tomaž; Stopar, Bojan; Turk, Goran; Poličnik, Helena; Franc BATIČ

    2016-01-01

    Lišaje zaradi njihove specifične biologije pogosto uporabljamo kot bioindikatorje kvalitete zraka. Njihova steljka je brez pravih tkiv in organov, nimajo razvite kutikule in korenin. Vse, kar potrebujejo za svojo rast in razvoj, črpajo iz zraka. Epifitske lišaje uporabljamo za (1) sledenje vnosa težkih kovin v okolje, saj se težke kovine v njih kopičijo, ter (2) za sledenje splošne onesnaženosti zraka, saj lišaji na območjih večjega onesnaženja začnejo propadati. Na območju Šaleške doline smo...

  4. Besivystančių europos šalių skolos vertybinių popierių pajamingumų pokyčių analizė bei prognozavimas

    OpenAIRE

    Safonov, Dmitrij

    2010-01-01

    Darbe atlikta detali aktualių straipsnių, nagrinėjančių įvairių veiksnių įtaka skolos vertybinių popierių pajamingumui, apžvalga. Išskirti keli pagrindiniai pajamingumo pokyčius lemiantys veiksniai: likvidumas, kredito rizika bei bendra makroekonominė padėtis. Siekiant įvertinti nagrinėjamų veiksnių įtaką skolos vertybinių popierių pajamingumo pokyčiams, sukurti vektorinės autoregresijos modeliai skolos vertybinių popierių portfeliams, apibendrinantiems skirtingas skolos vertybinių popierių k...

  5. L'Interaction épistolaire au XVIIIe siècle. Etude réalisée à partir de trois dialogues épistolaires : Etude réalisée à partir de trois dialogues épistolaires : Voltaire & Mme du Deffand, Jean-Jacques Rousseau & Malesherbes, Benjamin Constant & Isabelle de Charrière. Théorie et pratique de l'épistolaire au XVIIIe siècle

    OpenAIRE

    Khouzeimi, Sami

    2013-01-01

    Notre travail décrit le processus de l’interaction épistolaire au XVIIIe siècle à travers l’étude des trois exemples de dialogues épistolaires, à savoir : Voltaire & Mme du Deffand, Rousseau & Malesherbes et enfin Benjamin Constant &Isabelle de Charrière. Nous comprenons par l’interaction épistolaire, le va-et-vient entre les deux correspondants, leur influence mutuelle, leurs échanges de rôles. La question principale qui se pose ici est la suivante : quel est l’intérêt, pour les deux corresp...

  6. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Aly. Today, Aly is still focused on a quality life. Aly Becker Aly is still the go-getter ... you or a loved one? Click here . A Quality Life: Episode 10, Marion’s Palliative Care Story January, 2016 ...

  7. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... her goal is simple: to live the best life possible. This is her palliative care story. Aly ... blood. Determined to live an active and normal life, Aly kept up with all of her classes, ...

  8. The value of nitrogen washout/washin method in assessing alveolar recruitment volume in acute lung injury patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洋

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the precision and feasibility of nitrogen washout/washin method in assessing lung recruitment of acute lung injury(ALI)patients.Methods Fifteen ALI patients underwent mechanical ventilation

  9. Differential effects of kidney-lung cross-talk during acute kidney injury and bacterial pneumonia

    OpenAIRE

    Singbartl, Kai; Bishop, Jeffery; Wen, Xiaoyan; Murugan, Raghavan; Chandra, Saurabh; Filippi, Marie-Dominique; John A Kellum

    2011-01-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute lung injury (ALI) represent serious, complex clinical problems. The combination of AKI and ALI drastically decreases survival. However, detailed knowledge about the interactions between these two organs is scarce.

  10. Neutrophil Elastase Contributes to Acute Lung Injury Induced by Bilateral Nephrectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Ishii, Tomoko; DOI, Kent; Okamoto, Koji; Imamura, Mitsuru; Dohi, Makoto; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko; Fujita, Toshiro; Noiri, Eisei

    2010-01-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious problem in critically ill patients of intensive care units. It has been reported previously that AKI can induce acute lung injury (ALI), as well as cause injuries to other remote organs, including the lungs. Patients with AKI complicated by ALI show remarkably high mortality. ALI is characterized by neutrophil infiltration into the lung. Neutrophil elastase (NE) is a key enzyme for tissue injury caused by activated neutrophils, such as occurs in ALI. The...

  11. Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor in Acute Lung Injury: Expression, Biomarker and Associations

    OpenAIRE

    Li GAO; Flores, Carlos; Ma, Shwu-Fan; Miller, Edmund J.; Moitra, Jaideep; Moreno, Liliana; Wadgaonkar, Raj; Simon, Brett; Brower, Roy; Sevransky, Jonathan; Tuder, Rubin M.; Maloney, James P.; Moss, Marc; Shanholtz, Carl; Yates, C. Ryan

    2007-01-01

    Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a proinflammatory cytokine central to the response to endotoxemia, is a putative biomarker in acute lung injury (ALI). To explore MIF as a molecular target and candidate gene in ALI, we examined MIF gene and protein expression in murine and canine models of ALI (high tidal volume mechanical ventilation, endotoxin exposure) and in patients with either sepsis or sepsis-induced ALI. MIF gene expression and protein levels were significantly increased ...

  12. Developing novel therapeutic strategies for acute lung injury and infection-peripheral blood monocyte depletion and prophylactic antimicrobial therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Dhaliwal, Kanwaldeep

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND Acute lung injury (ALI) and nosocomial pneumonia are major causes of morbidity and mortality. There are 200,000 cases per year of ALI in the US with a mortality of 40%. On the intensive care unit (ICU), ALI accounts for over 40% of all ventilated patients at any one time. Despite this huge burden on healthcare and the relatively high prevalence, no therapies currently exist in clinical practice that attenuate the condition. The pathophysiology and aetiology of ALI is...

  13. Ascertainment of acute liver injury in two European primary care databases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruigómez, A.; Brauer, R.; Rodríguez, L. A García; Huerta, C.; Requena, G.; Gil, M.; de Abajo, Francisco; Downey, G.; Bate, A.; Tepie, M. Feudjo; de Groot, M.C.H.; Schlienger, R.; Reynolds, R.; Klungel, O.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to ascertain acute liver injury (ALI) in primary care databases using different computer algorithms. The aim of this investigation was to study and compare the incidence of ALI in different primary care databases and using different definitions of ALI. Methods T

  14. Soluble Endothelial Selectin in Acute Lung Injury Complicated by Severe Pneumonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daisuke Osaka, Yoko Shibata, Kazunori Kanouchi, Michiko Nishiwaki, Tomomi Kimura, Hiroyuki Kishi, Shuichi Abe, Sumito Inoue, Yoshikane Tokairin, Akira Igarashi, Keiko Yamauchi, Yasuko Aida, Takako Nemoto, Keiko Nunomiya, Koji Fukuzaki, Isao Kubota

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pneumonia is still one of the most frequent causes of death in the elderly. Complication of acute lung injury (ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS by pneumonia makes patients very ill due to severe respiratory failure. Biomarkers that can discriminate the presence of complicating ALI/ARDS are required for early detection. The aim of this research was to investigate whether soluble endothelial selectin (sES could be a biomarker for ALI.Methods: Serum sES levels were measured in 27 pneumonia patients, who were enrolled between April 2006 and September 2007. Among these patients, six had ALI or a condition that was clinically comparable to ALI (cALI. All patients who were enrolled were successfully treated and survived.Results: Circulating sES levels were elevated in pneumonia patients with ALI/cALI, and sES levels decreased following treatment of their pneumonia. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that sES was the only significant factor for identifying complicating ALI/cALI, independently of C-reactive protein (CRP and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH. By receiver operating characteristic (ROC curve analysis, the cut-off value for sES was 40.1 ng/mL, with a sensitivity of 0.8 and a specificity of 0.8.Conclusion: sES may be a useful biomarker for discriminating complicating ALI/cALI in patients with severe pneumonia.

  15. Ali vadba na ravnotežni plošči Wii z igrami Wii Fit pri bolnikih s pridobljenimi okvarami perifernih živcev vpliva na ravnotežje in hojo?: Does training on the Wii balance board with Wii Fit games have an effect on balance and walking in patients with acquired peripheral nerve lesions?:

    OpenAIRE

    Vidmar, Gaj; Zupanc, Aleksander

    2014-01-01

    Background: Patients with acquired peripheral lesions have balance and walking disorders. The aim of our study was to determine if training on the Wii balance board with Wii Fit games improves balance and walking in patients with acquired peripheral nerve lesions. Methods: Our observational study involved 11 patients (6 male, 5 female), aged 43.5 years on average (range 15-72 years). They performed training on the Wii balance board in addition to physiotherapy every day for 30 min per session...

  16. Analysis on Financing Cases of Internet Financial Boost of Small and Micro Businesses:Taking Ali as an Example%互联网金融助推小微企业融资的案列分析--以阿里金融为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑兴东; 王明虎; 徐美丽

    2015-01-01

    with the rapid development of mobile payment, social networks, big data and cloud computing such as Internet information technology, mass consumption patterns change and innovation of modern financial theories, Internet and financial deepening mutual integration and penetration. Small and micro businesses and made great contribution to the economic development, but the problem of financing Small and micro businesses have also been there. Research on small micro enterprise financing problems theorists have been in progress, but because of the national economic structure and the limitations of existing policies, small micro enterprise financing problems have not been fundamentally resolved always. Internet finance makes completely solve the small micro enterprise financing problems become possible. Internet Finance six major models as well as the advantages of the Internet financial data of low cost advantage, and the small micro enterprise financing difficulties and the existing analysis methods are put forward to solve the theory, finally by analyzing the example of Alibaba small micro finance.%伴随移动支付、社交网络、大数据和云计算等互联网信息技术的飞速发展,大众消费方式的改变以及现代金融理念的革新,互联网与金融业的相互融合和渗透日益深化。小微企业对于经济的发展做出了巨大的贡献,但是小微企业的融资问题却也一直存在。理论界针对小微企业融资问题的研究一直在进行,但是由于国家经济结构与现有政策的限制,小微企业融资问题一直没有得到根本的解决。互联网金融的产生,使得彻底解决小微企业融资问题成为了可能。互联网金融有六大模式并具有大数据优势与低成本优势,对小微企业存在融资困境进行理论分析能够得到相应的解决方法,阿里巴巴公司就是很好的实例。

  17. La pyramide de Archie B. Carroll a l’épreuve du jeu des acteurs francophones – Quelles sont les parties prenantes et quelles sont leurs différentes représentations en matière de Responsabilité Sociale des Entreprises ? Inventaire Internet réalisé en 2008 sur 313 sites francophones

    OpenAIRE

    Christian Bourion; Sybil Persson

    2008-01-01

    Afin d’actualiser la connaissance des débats susceptibles d’impacter la régulation opérée sous l’égide de la Responsabilité Sociale des Entreprises, l’étude établit un bilan 2008 des Parties prenantes francophones en présence. Après avoir rappelé le modèle de Carroll qui établit une hiérarchie des différentes représentations en matière de Corporate Social Responsability, la recherche explore la toile internet pour retenir 313 sites qui permettent d’identifier et de catégoriser les acteurs en ...

  18. Ocena učinkovitosti, varnosti in sprejemljivosti orodisperzibilnega risperidona pri bolnikih s shizofrenijo ali bipolarno manijo in pri vedenjskih motnjah dementnih bolnikov: Evaluation of efficacy, safety and acceptability of orodispersible risperidone in patients with schizophrenia, bipolar mania and behavioural disturbances in dementia patients:

    OpenAIRE

    Barbič-Žagar, Breda; Dular Meglič, Tina; Ristovski, Aleksandar

    2008-01-01

    Second generation antipsvchotics are currently the drugs of choice for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania, as well as for behavioural symptoms in patients with dementia. All these diseases represent an important healthcare problem in Europe, so that early treatment is recommended. Due to improved patient compliance, new pharmaceutical forms of already proven therapy are developed. Orally disintegrated tablets disintegrate rapidly in the mouth without water. Therefore, a study wa...

  19. Studium diverzity a aktivity mikrobního společenstva výsypkových substrátů ovlivněných aktivitou pionýrského druhu žížaly .i.Lumbricus rubellus./i. (Oligochaeta: Lumbricidae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krištůfek, Václav; Frouz, Jan; Elhottová, Dana; Márialigeti, K.; Borsodi, A.; Tóth, E.; Ruznyak, A.; Chroňáková, Alica; Uhlířová, E.; Pižl, Václav; Šustr, Vladimír; Baldrian, Petr

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 1 (2007), VII-VIII. ISSN 1210-4612 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06066; GA MŠk 2B06154; GA AV ČR 1QS600660505 Grant ostatní: MŠMT(CZ) 12/2004 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521; CEZ:AV0Z50200510 Source of funding: V - iné verejné zdroje Keywords : microbial community * saprophagous fauna * diverzity Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  20. Mikroskopické houby Amatérské jeskyně (Moravský kras) - porovnání mykobioty v jeskynním sedimentu a ve střevním traktu a exkrementech jeskynní populace žížaly .i.Aporrectodea rosea./i

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Nováková, Alena; Pižl, Václav

    -, č. 38 (2011), s. 46. ISSN 1335-7689. [Česko-slovenská vedecká mykologická konferencia /2./. 25.10.2011-27.10.2011, Smolenice] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60660521 Keywords : microscopic fungi * Amateur Cave * Aporrectodea rosea earthworm Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  1. Le TGV-Atlantique : entre récession et concurrence : Evolution de la mobilité et mise en service du TGV-Atlantique : analyse des enquêtes réalisées en septembre 1989 et septembre 1993

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Olivier; Claisse, Gérard; Pochet, Pascal

    1997-01-01

    Le TGV véhicule bien des images. Train des Parisiens ou de la décentralisation ? Vitesse démocratisée ou tarifs élevés ? Train d'affaires ou service public ? Le TGV transporte d'abord des voyageurs. Qui sont-ils ? Que font-ils ? Quelles sont leurs spécificités par rapport aux voyageurs utilisant un autre moyen de transports ? Sont-ils différents de ceux qui voyageaient avant sa mise en service ? En d'autres termes, quelles transformations de la mobilité tant professionnelle que personnelle pe...

  2. « L’imâm dans le ciel. Ascension et initiation (Aspects de l’imâmologie duodécimaine III) », in : Le Voyage initiatique en terre d’islam, Ascensions célestes et itinéraires spirituels, sous la direction de Mohammad-Ali Amir-Moezzi, Bibliot

    OpenAIRE

    Jambet, Christian

    2010-01-01

    L’A. recense et explore les versions shi’ites duodécimaines de l’ascension céleste du Prophète. Ces récits attestent « le caractère sacré de la walāya de ‘Alī ». Dieu lui-même fait la louange de ‘Alī, et l’on relèvera l’importance du « jeu de mots » qui rapproche le nom du 1er imâm du nom divin al-‘Alī (ou al-A‘lā) en un effet de synonymie qui jouera encore un rôle décisif dans l’exégèse philosophique d’un Mollā Ṣadrā. L’A. étudie en détail le thème de la présence de ‘Alī et des autres imâms ...

  3. Çokanlamlilik Ve Değiştirim Üzerine Anlambilimsel Bir Çalişma: Fransizcada Algilama Eylemleri Une Etude Sémantique Sur La Polysémie Et La Commutation : Le Cas Des Verbes De Perception En Français

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulya BOYRAZ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce travail, nous avons distingué l’expression linguistique dela perception d’une phénoménologie de la perception et nous n’avonsétudié que les “verbes de perception”. Il faut noter justement ici que lesverbes dont le contenu sémantique désigne le perceptible (comme puer,luire… sont très différents des verbes qui imposent l’achèvement de laperception (voir, entendre… et des verbes dont la signification impliqueune intention précise (regarder, toucher, écouter…. Dans ce cadre, cespremiers sont écartés de cette étude. Cet article vise à aborder lesproblèmes engendrés par la polysémie et la commutation. Nous avonssuivi une démarche sémantique et discursive en vue d’observer lesacceptions de ces verbes et d’exposer les sous-catégories en tenantcompte de la richesse d’expression que fournissent ces verbes.Il est possible de définir la commutation comme fait desubstitutiond’un mot par un autre lorsqu’ils sont polysémiques ou lorsqu’ilsrenvoient à la même zone de signification. Bien que les verbes deperception en français soient polysémiques, il n’est pas difficile derelever le sens discursif en tenant compte du contexte et lacommutation peut se faire selon les possibilités du contexte. Toutefois,il y a des cas où ces verbes sont employés pour désigner plutôt lerésultat d’une activité intellectuelle et ils recouvrent dans ce cadre, lasignification du verbe “comprendre”. Le fait qui ne permet pas tojoursune commutation entre ces verbes et qui pose certains problèmesdidactiques, surtout pour expliquer le sens linguistique et la valeurdiscursive dans l’enseignement du français langue étrangère. Bu çalışmada, algılamanın dilsel ifadesi olan sözcükler, bir olgu olan “algı”dan ayrılmış ve sadece sözcük türü olarak “algılama eylemleri” araştırma konusu yapılmıştır. Anlamsal içeriği, kokmak, parıldamak, çatırdamak gibi algılananın algıya neden olan özelliklerini ifade eden eylemlerin, algılama eyleminin gerçekleşimini ifade eden eylemlerden (görmek, duymak gibi ve algılamaya yöneltilen bilinçli eylemlerden (bakmak, dinlemek, dokunmak gibi ayrı tutulması gerekir. Bu çalışmada, yukarıda sözü edilen eylemlerden ilk grubu oluşturanlar inceleme dışında tutulmuş ve algıya yönelik bilinçli ve istemli algı ifade den eylemlerle, bu eylemlerin bir sonucu olarak ortya çıkan algılama ya da algılayamama durumunu ifade eden eylemler söz konusu edilmiştir. Çalışmamızda Fransızca’daki algılama eylemleri, özellikle çokanlamlı yapıları nedeniyle ortaya koydukları sorunlar çerçevesinde anlambilimsel açıdan ve söylemsel boyuttaki ifade zenginlikleri nedeniyle söylemsel açıdan ele alınmıştır.Değiştirim anlamdaş ya da yakın anlamlı sözcükler arasında birbirinin yerine geçme durumu olarak tanımlanabilir ve değiştirim yapılabilmesi için sözcede (énoncé ya da tümcede (phrase anlamsal ve söylemsel değerin korunması ön koşuldur. Fransızcanın algılama eylemleri (toucher, regarder, voir, écouter, entendre, sentir çokanlamlı yapıya sahip olmalarına rağmen söylem içerisinde ve bağlam değerlendirildiğinde anlamları kesinleşmekte ve değişitirim (commutation söz konusu bağlamın izin verdiği ölçüde, gerçekleşebilmektedir. Oysa ki bu sözcükler duyusal algı değil de zihinsel algı sürecinin sonucu olan “anlamak” sözcüğünün yerine geçtikleri zaman dilsel ve söylemsel sorunlar ortaya çıkmakta, değişitirim seçenekleri daralmakta ve özellikle Fransızcanın yabancı dil olarak öğretiminde söylemsel değeri açıklamak daha zor hale gelmektedir.

  4. Osmanlı Devleti’nde Kadınlara Yönelik Tarih Öğretimi Çabaları ve Ali Seydi Bey’in Kızlara Mahsûs Târîh-i Osmânî Adlı Eseri

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    ÖzetBu makalede Osmanlı Devleti’nde kadınlara yönelik tarih öğretimi paralelinde kaleme alınmış olan “Kızlara Mahsûs Târîh-i Osmânî” adlı eser, tarih eğitimi ve kadın eğitimi bağlamında incelenmiştir. Osmanlı Devleti’nde eğitim Tanzimat Fermanı’nın ilanından sonra değişmeye başlamıştır. Modernleşme paralelinde açılan yeni bürokratik kurumların nitelikli eleman ihtiyacını arttırması eğitimin devlet tarafından yeniden organize edilmesine ve yeni eğitim kurumlarının doğmasına yol açmıştır. Bu ye...

  5. « Le plus beau rêve réalisé » “ The most beautiful dream has come true ”: The ’Journal of Salonique’ and the Young Turks 1rst July 1908-30th June 1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joëlle Dalègre

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Le « Journal de Salonique », francophone et francophile, salue avec enthousiasme la Révolution Jeune-Turque à Salonique. Fidèle aux idéaux de la Révolution Française, il assure un soutien indéfectible aux Jeunes-Turcs en qui il place tous ses espoirs pour un nouvel Empire ottoman. Saadi et Samuel Levy en font un journal riche en informations à la fois sur la vie de Salonique et sur les nouveautés politiques. Il s’oppose également aux sionistes, jugeant que Salonique est, pour un Juif, le meilleur endroit de la terre et il invite les organisations juives à investir dans les tchifliks de Macédoine pour y établir les Juifs chassés d’Europe orientale par les pogroms.The “ Journal de Salonique ”, a French speaking and France loving newspaper, welcomes the revolution of the Young Turks on Thessaloniki with great enthusiasm. Faithful to the ideals of the French Revolution, it provided strong support to the Young Turks in which it places its hopes for a new Ottoman Empire. Saadi and Samuel Levy have given us a newspaper rich in information regarding the life of Thessaloniki and political novelty. It was opposed to the Zionists,maintaining the notion that Thessaloniki is the best place on earth for a Jew. So, the newspaper invited Jewish organizations to invest in tchifliks in Macedonia, in order to establish there the Jews who were expelled from eastern Europe by the pogroms.

  6. Analyse Conseptuelle Et Perceptice Du Traitement Littéraire De L’aliénatiın Dans “La Nausée “ De Jean Paul Sartre Analysis Of Conceptual And Perceptual Processing Of Literary Of Alienation In Nausea By Jean-Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffer KAYA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this work where a phlosophical thought is told and explained,Jean Paul Sartre states his phlosophic views by means of protagonistRoquentin. Roquentin lives in a world that is not understood by himand he, bevilderedly, observes how the urban bourgeoisie cant perceivethe reflections of the reality.Taking care of his thoughts to be clear, Jean Paul Sartre used aplain tongue and paid attention to his style to be cognisable. This is the general characteristic of that period.Authors made a point of beingapparent intellectually in literary languageThe basic idea of the novel is that the hero of the work Roquentinis in a constant anxiety and demoralization. This is such a state ofdistress that led our hero to analyze the situation and try to understandthe process. He decides to define this anxiety,he felt, as nausea andrealizes that he does not recognize the status of this nausea.Accordingto him nausea is being revolted at everything and and a state ofalienation.Increasing state of nausea,in time, is an alienation from theobjects, the society,self-precense,women and finally the world.In this study we examined the sense of alienation in Jean PaulSartre’s Nausea under four sub-headings. Examining the personality ofthe Protagonist Rocquentin we probed that how he alienated from theobjects, the society, himself and the women and we came to aconclusion. In this context,we stated that alienation is one of the mostimportant social problems of our time and these problems causepsychic deterioration that arise through the confliction of the oldculturel values and the new habitudes. Cette oeuvre est un récit dans lequel se développe toute uneréflexion philosophique où Sartre montre son refus envers la société engénéral par le biais de Roquetin, qui vit dans un monde où il ne trouveaucun sens à la vie et où il s’étonne de voir que la bourgeoisie de la villene voit pas les aspects de la réalité qui, pour lui, sont assez évidents.Pour exprimer ses idées, Sartre utilise un langage sans ornementsrhétoriques qui peuvent rendre difficile sa compréhension, puisquesurtout, les auteurs engagés du XXème siècle (comme Sartre donnentplus d’importance au message qu’à la forme dans l’objectif d’être lu parle plus possible public.Le thème principal de l’oeuvre est le fait que Roquentin se trouvedans un état d’angoisse, un état de démoralisation ; une sorte d’ennuiqui va le mener à essayer de réfléchir sur ce qu’est l’existence ettrouver un moyen de l’expliquer. Il ressent une sorte d’angoisse qu’il vaappeler la nausée et il se rend compte qu’il ne peut définir l’existence decette nausée. Pour lui ce sentiment de nausée est comme une sorted’étrangeté et de dégout envers tout. Cette nausée qui progresse avec letemps se fait sentir en premier devant les objets puis devant personnesrencontrées et s’étend à tout son rapport au monde.

  7. QUALICOPC: Birinci basamak sağlik hizmetlerini kalite, maliyet ve aşitlik açisindan değerlendiren çok ülkeli bir çalişma* = QUALICOPC: a multi-country study evaluating quality, costs and equity in primary care.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Akman, M.; Kalaça, S.; Sargin, M.; Tuncel, B.; Ünlüoğlu, I.; Uğurlu, M.; Schäfer, W.L.A.; Boerma, W.G.W.; Groenewegen, P.P.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The QUALICOPC (Quality and Costs of Primary Care in Europe) study aims to evaluate the performance of primary care systems in Europe in terms of quality, equity and costs. QUALICOPC is funded by the European Commission under the "Seventh Framework Program". In this article the backgroun

  8. L’élevage des abeilles mélipones sur l’île de Cuba : une enquête ethnozoologique réalisée dans la plaine du río Mayabeque et la forêt de la Sierra del Rosario

    OpenAIRE

    Rouzic, Samuel Perichon Le; Peña, Walberto Lóriga; Lorenzo, Jorge Demedio

    2015-01-01

    En Amérique centrale, l’élevage des abeilles sans dard est une pratique vieille d’au moins deux millénaires, qui a connu son apogée à la fin de l’ère maya. Les Méliponinés, sous-famille à laquelle appartiennent ces abeilles, rassemblent près de 500 espèces distribuées pour l’essentiel en zone intertropicale. La plupart d’entre elles nichent dans des cavités d’arbres secs ou sous terre, et affectionnent les forêts ombrophiles où elles assurent un rôle actif dans la pollinisation des plantes sa...

  9. Translation into Turkish of: “Changes to publication requirements made at the XVIII International Botanical Congress in Melbourne – what does e-publication mean for you?”. Translated by Ali A. Dönmez, Yusuf Menemen and Zübeyde Uğurlu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Knapp

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Changes to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature are decided on every 6 years at Nomenclature Sections associated with International Botanical Congresses (IBC. The XVIII IBC was held in Melbourne, Australia; the Nomenclature Section met on 18-22 July 2011 and its decisions were accepted by the Congress at its plenary session on 30 July. Several important changes were made to the Code as a result of this meeting that will affect publication of new names. Two of these changes will come into effect on 1 January 2012, some months before the Melbourne Code is published. Electronic material published online in Portable Document Format (PDF with an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN or an International Standard Book Number (ISBN will constitute effective publication, and the requirement for a Latin description or diagnosis for names of new taxa will be changed to a requirement for a description or diagnosis in either Latin or English. In addition, effective from 1 January 2013, new names of organisms treated as fungi must, in order to be validly published, include in the protologue (everything associated with a name at its valid publication the citation of an identifier issued by a recognized repository (such as MycoBank. Draft text of the new articles dealing with electronic publication is provided and best practice is outlined.To encourage dissemination of the changes made to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this article will be published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Brittonia, Cladistics, MycoKeys, Mycotaxon, New Phytologist, North American Fungi, Novon, Opuscula Philolichenum, PhytoKeys, Phytoneuron, Phytotaxa, Plant Diversity and Resources, Systematic Botany and Taxon.

  10. WORD BORROWING AND VOCABULARY EXCHANGE IN TURKISH DIALECTS: CASE OF OSMANIYE TATAR DIALECT / TÜRK LEHÇELERI ARASINDA SÖZCÜK ALIS VERISI VE SÖZ VARLIĞI DEĞISIMI: OSMANIYE TATAR AĞZI ÖRNEĞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Ercan ALKAYA

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available The basic vocabulary which constructs the main vocabulary of alanguage is the word that is transferred from generation to generation in everylanguage, has importance of first degree and reflects important concepts aboutmankind and his environment. The words dealing with body, color, andconcepts about nature, animal names, numbers, and the most used verbs,words of holy concepts and persons and traditions consist of basic vocabularyof a language. In this study, the change in vocabulary of Kazan Tatar Turks, whomigrated from Kazan, Orenburg and Samara regions and inhabited in thevillage of Osmaniye of Çifteler, Eskisehir after 1884, was investigated. Thedialects of Tatar Turks who migrated from Kazan and its surrounding areawere affected by the local people who have been living in that region. Thoughthey still protect phonetical and morphological features of their language, itwas affected by the local dialect and Turkey Turkish.The main changes in the vocabulary of Tatar Turks in Osmaniye villagewere evaluated under several headings.

  11. Breath-hold times in patients undergoing radiological examinations: comparison of expiration and inspiration with and without hyperventilation: primerjava časov po izdihu in po vdihu z ali brez hiperventilacije: Zadrževanje diha pri bolnikih, ki so radiološko preiskovani:

    OpenAIRE

    Groell, Reinhard; Schaffler, Gottfried J; Schloffer, Stephan

    2001-01-01

    Background: Breath-holding is necessary for imaging studies of the thorax and abdomen using computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging or ultrasound examinations. The purpose of this study was to compare the breath-hold times in expiration and inspiration and to evaluate the effects of hyperventilation.Patients and methods. Thirty patients and 19 healthy volunteers participated in this study after informed consent was obtained in all. The breath-hold times were measured in expiration and...

  12. Scale Effects in Laboratory and Pilot-Plant Reactors for Trickle-Flow Processes Les conséquences de l'extrapolation appliquée aux procédés à écoulement ruisselant réalisés en laboratoire et dans les réacteurs des unités-pilotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sie S. T.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Research and development studies in a laboratory are necessarily conducted on a scale which is orders of magnitude smaller than that in commercial practice. In the case of the development and commercialization of an unprecedented novel process technology, available laboratory results have to be translated into envisaged technology on a commercial scale, i. e. the problem is that of scaling-up. However, in many circumstances the commercial technology is more or less defined as far as type of reactor is concerned and laboratory studies are concerned with the generation of predictive information on the behaviour of new catalysts, alternative feedstocks, etc. , in such a reactor. In many cases the complexity of feed composition and reaction kinetics preclude the prediction to be made on the basis of a combination of fundamental kinetic data and computer models, so that there is no other option than to simulate the commercial reactor on a laboratory scale, i. e. the problem is that of scaling-down. From the point of view of R & D Defficiency, the scale of the laboratory experiments should be as small as possible without detracting from the meaningfulness of the results. In the present paper some problems in the scaling-down of a trickle-flow reactor as applied in hydrotreating processes to kinetically equivalent laboratory reactors of different sizes will be discussed. Two main aspects relating to inequalities in fluid dynamics resulting from the differences in scale will be treated in more detail, viz. deviations from ideal plug flow and non ideal wetting or irrigation of the catalyst particles. Although a laboratory reactor can never be a true small-scale replica of a commercial trickle-flow reactor in all respects, it can nevertheless be made to provide representative data as far as the catalytic conversion aspects are concerned. By ressorting to measures such as catalyst bed dilution with fine catalytically inert material it proves possible to carry out meaningful process research on hydrotreating processes on the scale of micro-reactors. Les études et mises au point effectuées en laboratoire sont nécessairement effectuées à plus petite échelle que les réalisations commerciales. Dans le cas de la mise au point et de la commercialisation de la technologie d'un procédé nouveau, il faudra traduire les résultats obtenus en laboratoire pour la technologie envisagée à l'échelle commerciale; le problème est donc l'extrapolation vers le haut. Cependant, bien souvent, la technologie commerciale, pour ce qui touche au type de réacteur, est plus ou moins bien définie et les études de laboratoire s'attachent à produire des données permettant de prévoir le comportement qu'auront dans ce réacteur des catalyseurs nouveaux, de matières premières de substitution, etc. Dans bien des cas, étant donné la complexité de la composition de la matière première et la cinétique de réaction, il est impossible de mener la prévision en s'appuyant sur les données cinétiques et les modèles informatiques, de sorte qu'il n'y a pas d'autre solution que la simulation du réacteur commercial à l'échelle du laboratoire; le problème est donc l'extrapolation vers le bas. Du point de vue de l'efficacité des études de recherche et développement, pour les expériences en laboratoire, l'échelle devra être aussi petite que possible sans nuire à la signification des résultats. Le présent article examine certains problèmes liés à l'extrapolation vers le bas d'un réacteur à écoulement ruisselant telle qu'elle est appliquée dans les procédés d'hydrotraitement à des réacteurs de laboratoire de tailles différentes cinétiquement équivalents. Deux aspects principaux relatifs à des inégalités de dynamique des fluides résultant de différences d'échelle sont décrits plus en détail, i. e. les écarts par rapport à un écoulement idéal donnant lieu à un effet bouchon et au mouillage ou à l'irrigation non-idéal des particules de catalyseur. Bien qu'un réacteur de laboratoire ne puisse jamais être la réplique exacte à petite échelle d'un réacteur commercial à écoulement ruisselant, il peut néanmoins être conçu de façon à fournir des données représentatives en ce qui concerne les aspects de la conversion catalytique. En considérant les mesures telles que la dilution du lit de catalyseur à l'aide d'un produit inerte du point de vue catalytique, il se révèle possible de mener à bien une recherche significative sur les procédés d'hydrotraitement à l'échelle des micro-réacteurs.

  13. État des lieux des connaissances sur les risques de l'alcoolisation maternelle, du dépistage et de la prévention réalisés par les professionnels de périnatalité d'Auvergne

    OpenAIRE

    Reboulet, Marine

    2014-01-01

    La consommation d'alcool pendant la grossesse est un problème majeur de Santé Publique puisqu'elle représente la première cause de déficit intellectuel d'origine non génétique en France. Malgré la mise en œuvre d'une politique de prévention contre les dangers de la consommation d'alcool pendant la grossesse, de nombreuses femmes continuent d'en consommer. L'objectif principal de cette étude était de réaliser un état des lieux des connaissances des professionnels de périnatalité sur les risque...

  14. Antalya Emniyet Müdürlüğü Hassas Bölgeleri Koruma Şube Müdürlüğü Personelinde Tükenmişlik Sendromu Üzerine Bir Çalişma

    OpenAIRE

    Kaya, Zeynel Abidin

    2014-01-01

    A Study On The Burn-Out Syndrome Observed Among The Personel Of The Sensitive Areas Protection Unit Of The Antalya Police ForceBurn-out syndrome, which has different causes and symptoms than stress and depression, and the concept of ”burn-out”, have been investigated since the 1980s. According to Masclach, burn-out syndrome, which consists of three subdimensions (emotional exhaustion, desentisization and a decrease in personal success), appears on emotional, behavioral and physical levels. Pe...

  15. Myeloid tissue factor does not modulate lung inflammation or permeability during experimental acute lung injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaver, Ciara M; Grove, Brandon S; Clune, Jennifer K; Mackman, Nigel; Ware, Lorraine B; Bastarache, Julie A

    2016-01-01

    Tissue factor (TF) is a critical mediator of direct acute lung injury (ALI) with global TF deficiency resulting in increased airspace inflammation, alveolar-capillary permeability, and alveolar hemorrhage after intra-tracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the lung, TF is expressed diffusely on the lung epithelium and intensely on cells of the myeloid lineage. We recently reported that TF on the lung epithelium, but not on myeloid cells, was the major source of TF during intra-tracheal LPS-induced ALI. Because of a growing body of literature demonstrating important pathophysiologic differences between ALI caused by different etiologies, we hypothesized that TF on myeloid cells may have distinct contributions to airspace inflammation and permeability between direct and indirect causes of ALI. To test this, we compared mice lacking TF on myeloid cells (TF(∆mye), LysM.Cre(+/-)TF(flox/flox)) to littermate controls during direct (bacterial pneumonia, ventilator-induced ALI, bleomycin-induced ALI) and indirect ALI (systemic LPS, cecal ligation and puncture). ALI was quantified by weight loss, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) inflammatory cell number, cytokine concentration, protein concentration, and BAL procoagulant activity. There was no significant contribution of TF on myeloid cells in multiple models of experimental ALI, leading to the conclusion that TF in myeloid cells is not a major contributor to experimental ALI. PMID:26924425

  16. Spoken word recognition in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders and specific language impairment

    OpenAIRE

    Loucas, Tom; Riches, Nick; Baird, Gillian; Pickles, Andrew; Simonoff, Emily; Chandler, Susie; Charman, Tony

    2013-01-01

    Spoken word recognition, during gating, appears intact in specific language impairment (SLI). This study used gating to investigate the process in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders plus language impairment (ALI). Adolescents with ALI, SLI, and typical language development (TLD), matched on nonverbal IQ listened to gated words that varied in frequency (low/high) and number of phonological onset neighbors (low/high density). Adolescents with ALI required more speech input to initially ...

  17. Endovascular Management of Acute Limb Ischemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hynes, Brian G

    2011-09-14

    Despite major advances in pharmacologic and endovascular therapies, acute limb ischemia (ALI) continues to result in significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of ALI may be as high as 13-17 cases per 100,000 people per year, with mortality rates approaching 18% in some series. This review will address the contemporary endovascular management of ALI encompassing pharmacologic and percutaneous interventional treatment strategies.

  18. MicroRNA 16 Modulates Epithelial Sodium Channel in Human Alveolar Epithelial Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Parthasarathy, Prasanna Tamarapu; Galam, Lakshmi; Huynh, Bao; Yunus, Asfiya; Abuelenen, Toaa; Castillo, Annie; Ramanathan, Gurukumar Kollongod; Ruan, Cox; Kolliputi, Narasaiah

    2012-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) is a devastating disease characterized by pulmonary edema. Removal of edema from the air spaces is a critical function of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) in ALI. The molecular mechanisms behind resolution of pulmonary edema are incompletely understood. MicroRNA’s (miRNA) are crucial gene regulators and are dysregulated in various diseases including ALI. Recent studies suggest that microRNA-16 (miR-16) targets serotonin transporter (SERT) involved in the serotonin ...

  19. VDR Attenuates Acute Lung Injury by Blocking Ang-2-Tie-2 Pathway and Renin-Angiotensin System

    OpenAIRE

    Kong, Juan; Zhu, Xiangdong; Shi, Yongyan; Liu, Tianjing; Chen, Yunzi; Bhan, Ishir; Zhao, Qun; Thadhani, Ravi; Li, Yan Chun

    2013-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) is a hallmark of systemic inflammation associated with high mortality. Although the vitamin D receptor (VDR) is highly expressed in the lung, its role in lung physiology remains unclear. We investigated the effect of VDR deletion on ALI using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis model. After LPS challenge VDR-null mice exhibited more severe ALI and higher mortality compared with wild-type (WT) counterparts, manifested by increased pulmonary vascular leakiness, pul...

  20. Women's Voices in Italian Postcolonial Literature from the Horn of Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Lavagnino, Claire Genevieve

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation analyzes works by two African Italian women writers of Somali descent, Ubax Cristina Ali Farah and Igiaba Scego, with a particular focus on representations of the voice and the body. Ali Farah and Scego, two of the most prominent authors of Italian postcolonial literature, address Italy's historical amnesia in their works through the personal stories/testimonies of their characters. The voices of Ali Farah's and Scego's protagonists narrate the intertwined histories betwee...

  1. Red blood cell transfusion and outcomes in patients with acute lung injury, sepsis and shock

    OpenAIRE

    Parsons, Elizabeth C.; Hough, Catherine L.; Seymour, Christopher W; Cooke, Colin R.; Rubenfeld, Gordon D.; Watkins, Timothy R

    2011-01-01

    Introduction In this study, we sought to determine the association between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion and outcomes in patients with acute lung injury (ALI), sepsis and shock. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of new-onset ALI patients enrolled in the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (2000 to 2005) who had a documented ALI risk factor of sepsis or pneumonia and met shock criteria (mean arterial pressure (MAP) < 60 mmHg or vasopressor ...

  2. Alcoholic liver injury:Influence of gender and hormones

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Patricia; K; Eagon

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses several subjects pertinent to a consideration of the role of gender and hormones in alcoholic liver injury (ALI). Beginning with an overview of factors involved in the pathogenesis of ALI, we review changes in sex hormone metabolism resulting from alcohol ingestion, summarize research that points to estrogen as a cofactor in ALI, consider evidence that gut injury is linked to liver injury in the setting of alcohol, and briefly review the limited evidence regarding sex hormones and gut...

  3. Short women with severe sepsis-related acute lung injury receive lung protective ventilation less frequently: an observational cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Han, SeungHye; Martin, Greg S.; Maloney, James P.; Shanholtz, Carl; Barnes, Kathleen C.; Murray, Stacey; Sevransky, Jonathan E.

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Lung protective ventilation (LPV) has been shown to improve survival and the duration of mechanical ventilation in acute lung injury (ALI) patients. Mortality of ALI may vary by gender, which could result from treatment variability. Whether gender is associated with the use of LPV is not known. Methods A total of 421 severe sepsis-related ALI subjects in the Consortium to Evaluate Lung Edema Genetics from seven teaching hospitals between 2002 and 2008 were included in our study. ...

  4. Biomarkers in Acute Lung Injury

    OpenAIRE

    Bhargava, Maneesh; Wendt, Chris

    2012-01-01

    Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and Acute Lung Injury (ALI) result in high permeability pulmonary edema causing hypoxic respiratory failure with high morbidity and mortality. As the population ages, the incidence of ALI is expected to rise. Over the last decade, several studies have identified biomarkers in plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid providing important insights into the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of ALI. Several biomarkers have been validated in subjec...

  5. Pharmacotherapy of Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Raghavendran, Krishnan; Pryhuber, Gloria S.; Chess, Patricia R.; Davidson, Bruce A.; Paul R. Knight; Notter, Robert H.

    2008-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are characterized by rapid-onset respiratory failure following a variety of direct and indirect insults to the parenchyma or vasculature of the lungs. Mortality from ALI/ARDS is substantial, and current therapy primarily emphasizes mechanical ventilation and judicial fluid management plus standard treatment of the initiating insult and any known underlying disease. Current pharmacotherapy for ALI/ARDS is not optimal, a...

  6. Time-dependent changes of autophagy and apoptosis in lipopolysaccharide-induced rat acute lung injury

    OpenAIRE

    Li Lin; Lijun Zhang; Liangzhu Yu; Lu Han; Wanli Ji; Hui Shen; Zhenwu Hu

    2016-01-01

    Objective(s): Abnormal lung cell death including autophagy and apoptosis is the central feature in acute lung injury (ALI). To identify the cellular mechanisms and the chronology by which different types of lung cell death are activated during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI, we decided to evaluate autophagy (by LC3-II and autophagosome) and apoptosis (by caspase-3) at different time points after LPS treatment in a rat model of LPS-induced ALI. Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley ra...

  7. Alioğullarının Siyasal İktidar İstencinde - Abbasiler Dönemi - İlk Mücadelesi Muhammed en-Nefsu’z-Zekiyye’nin İsyanı

    OpenAIRE

    Bozkurt, Nahide

    2002-01-01

    Alids, who occasionally try to capture the power after the assassination of Ali by a Kharijit in Ramadan 40/ January 661, have not attempted such a rebellion for a long time after the murder of Husayn b. Ali. During this silence period without any Alid uprisings. Alids have played an active role in the preparation of the Abhasid Revolution which started around 100/718 under the ruling of Muhammed b. Ali Having believed that the Abbasid Revolution, emerged with the slogan of“er-rıda min al-i M...

  8. Acute Lung Injury Induced by Lipopolysaccharide Is Independent of Complement Activation1

    OpenAIRE

    Rittirsch, Daniel; Flierl, Michael A; Day, Danielle E.; Nadeau, Brian A.; McGuire, Stephanie R.; Hoesel, Laszlo M.; Ipaktchi, Kyros; Zetoune, Firas S.; Sarma, J. Vidya; Leng, Lin; Huber-Lang, Markus S.; Neff, Thomas A.; Bucala, Richard; Ward, Peter A.

    2008-01-01

    Although acute lung injury (ALI) is an important problem in humans, its pathogenesis is poorly understood. Airway instillation of bacterial LPS, a known complement activator, represents a frequently used model of ALI. In the present study, pathways in the immunopathogenesis of ALI were evaluated. ALI was induced in wild-type, C3–/–, and C5–/– mice by airway deposition of LPS. To assess the relevant inflammatory mediators, bronchoalveolar lavage fluids were evaluated by ELISA analyses and vari...

  9. Discovery of the gene signature for acute lung injury in patients with sepsis Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: J. A. Howrylak, UPMC Montefiore NW 628, 3459 5th Ave., Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (e-mail: howrylakj@upmc.edu).The costs of publication of this article were defrayed in part by the payment of page charges. The article must therefore be hereby marked “advertisement” in accordance with 18 U.S.C. Section 1734 solely to indicate this fact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howrylak, Judie A.; Dolinay, Tamas; Lucht, Lorrie; Wang, Zhaoxi; Christiani, David C.; Sethi, Jigme M.; Xing, Eric P.; Donahoe, Michael P.; Choi, Augustine M. K.

    2009-01-01

    The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)/acute lung injury (ALI) was described 30 yr ago, yet making a definitive diagnosis remains difficult. The identification of biomarkers obtained from peripheral blood could provide additional noninvasive means for diagnosis. To identify gene expression profiles that may be used to classify patients with ALI, 13 patients with ALI + sepsis and 20 patients with sepsis alone were recruited from the Medical Intensive Care Unit of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, and microarrays were performed on peripheral blood samples. Several classification algorithms were used to develop a gene signature for ALI from gene expression profiles. This signature was validated in an independently obtained set of patients with ALI + sepsis (n = 8) and sepsis alone (n = 1). An eight-gene expression profile was found to be associated with ALI. Internal validation found that the gene signature was able to distinguish patients with ALI + sepsis from patients with sepsis alone with 100% accuracy, corresponding to a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictive value of 100%, and a negative predictive value of 100%. In the independently obtained external validation set, the gene signature was able to distinguish patients with ALI + sepsis from patients with sepsis alone with 88.9% accuracy. The use of classification models to develop a gene signature from gene expression profiles provides a novel and accurate approach for classifying patients with ALI. PMID:19174476

  10. ZDRAVSTVENO VZGOJNI PROGRAM NOSEČNICE Z GESTACIJSKIM DIABETESOM V DIABETOLOŠKI AMBULANTI

    OpenAIRE

    Čeh, Karmen

    2015-01-01

    Teoretična izhodišča: Gestacijski diabetes ali nosečnostna sladkorna bolezen predstavlja velik zdravstveni problem in zahteva velike spremembe v življenju nosečnice. Število nosečnic z gestacijskim diabetesom se iz leta v leto povečuje. Namen diplomskega dela je ugotoviti, ali nosečnice z gestacijskim diabetesom upoštevajo navodila zdravstvenega osebja in ali so dovolj informirane o svoji bolezni. Zanimalo nas je, ali gestacijski diabetes vpliva na kakovost življenja nosečnic. Najpomembnejši ...

  11. The Air Liquid-interface, a Skin Microenvironment, Promotes Growth of Melanoma Cells, but not Their Apoptosis and Invasion, through Activation of Mitogen-activated Protein Kinase

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The air-liquid interface (ALI) is a common microenvironment of the skin, but it is unknown whether the ALI affects melanoma cell behaviors. Using a collagen gel invasion assay, immunohistochemistry, and Western blots, here we show that melanoma cell proliferation in cultures with an ALI is higher than melanoma cell proliferation in submerged cultures. Bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) uptake, an indicator of cell proliferation, of melanoma cells at the ALI was about 3 times that of submerged cells, while ALI and submerged melanoma cells had similar levels of single-stranded DNA (a marker of apoptosis). The ALI enhanced the expression of Raf-1, MEK-1 and pERK-1/2 components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, in cells more than the submerged condition did. The increases in BrdU uptake and pERK-1/2 expression promoted by ALI was abolished by the MEK inhibitor, PD-98059. ALI-treated and submerged melanoma cells did not infiltrate into the collagen gel, and they showed no significant difference in the expression of the invasion- and motility-related molecules, matrix metalloproteinase-1 and -9, laminin 5, and filamin A. Our data indicate that the ALI, a skin microenvironment, accelerates the growth, but not the apoptosis or invasion, of melanoma cells through MAPK activation

  12. I nipoti di Gutenberg / di Mariarosa Rosi : a colloquio con Mauro Guerrini. --- Prima del titolo: Biblioteca digitale online. --- Titoli sulle pagine seguenti: "Dante e Petrarca, Leopardi e Manzoni, Keplero e Galilei: l'accordo tra Italia e Google ha dato le ali a molti testi preziosi. Un matrimonio di interesse reciproco. Il sogno? Un catalogo unico" (p. 19 e 21) "Copyright e modelli di tutela. Se ne discute ancora. Peter Suber: il web del futuro? Sostenibile e trasparente" (p. 23).

    OpenAIRE

    Mauro Guerrini

    2013-01-01

    In 1971 an American computer technician, Michael Hart, realized that the biggest computer’s potentiality was the access trough the web to everything preserved in libraries, archives and museum. So “Project Gutenberg” was born and so following numerous projects in others countries. The biggest one is Google Books, born in 2000. Digital library shows new problems about technical perspectives (information compatibility), legal perspectives (copyright) and socio-environmental perspectives (energy...

  13. Lipocalin-2 Test in Distinguishing Acute Lung Injury Cases from Septic Mice Without Acute Lung Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Zeng; Cong-wei Jia; Jie Liu; Shu-bin Guo

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore whether the amount of lipocalin-2 in the biofluid could reflect the onset of sepsis-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. Methods Lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg/kg) injection or cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) was performed to induce severe sepsis and ALI in C57 BL/6 male mice randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10 in each group):group A (intraperitoneal LPS injection), group B (intravenous LPS injection via tail vein), group C (CLP with 25%of the cecum ligated), group D (CLP with 75%of the cecum ligated), and the control group (6 sham-operation controls plus 4 saline controls). All the mice received volume resuscitation. Measurements of pulmonary morphological and functional alterations were used to identify the presence of experimental ALI. The expressions of lipocalin-2 and interleukin (IL)-6 in serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and lung tissue were quantified at both protein and mRNA levels. The overall abilities of lipocalin-2 and IL-6 tests to diagnose sepsis-induced ALI were evaluated by generating receiver operator characteristic curves (ROC) and computing area under curve (AUC). Results In both group B and group D, most of the“main features”of experimental ALI were reproduced in mice, while group A and group C showed septic syndrome without definite evidence for the presence of ALI. Compared with septic mice without ALI (group A+group C), lipocalin-2 protein expression in septic mice with ALI (group B+group D) was significantly up-regulated in BALF (P Conclusions Lipocalin-2 expression is significantly up-regulated in septic ALI mice compared with those without ALI. Lipocalin-2 tests with a dual cutoff system could be an effective tool in distinguishing experimental ALI cases.

  14. The effects of proinflammatory cytokines on the apoptosis of corneal endothelial cells following argon laser iridotomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eom, Youngsub; Kwon, Junki; Heo, Jeong-Hwa; Yun, Cheolmin; Kang, Su-Yeon; Kim, Hyo Myung; Song, Jong Suk

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and the apoptosis of corneal endothelial cells after argon laser iridotomy (ALI). ALI was performed on each quadrant of the iris in the right eye of mice (ALI1 group). Left eyes were used as control group. The levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, and interferon (IFN)-γ in mice eyes were measured, and TUNEL staining was performed 12 h after ALI. Mice in the ALI-Dexa group were pretreated daily with an intraperitoneal injection of dexamethasone for 4 days before undergoing ALI and compared with mice without dexamethasone pretreatment (ALI2 group). Twelve corneas from six rabbits were incubated ex vivo with (n = 6) or without (n = 6) IL-1β. TUNEL staining was performed 24 h after ex vivo incubation. In the mice experiment, the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, TGF-β, and IFN-γ were increased in the ALI1 group compared to the control group. Although many TUNEL-positive cells were observed in the ALI1 group, those were not detected in the control group. Dexamethasone pretreatment inhibited the increase in the levels of all four proinflammatory cytokines and reduced TUNEL-positive cells. In the rabbit experiment, TUNEL-positive cells were increased in the incubated corneas with IL-1β compared to those without IL-1β. Expression of proinflammatory cytokines following ALI seems to play a role in the apoptosis of corneal endothelial cells after ALI. Dexamethasone pretreatment inhibited increases in proinflammatory cytokines and reduced the apoptosis of corneal endothelial cells. PMID:26657139

  15. Spoken Word Recognition in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Specific Language Impairment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loucas, Tom; Riches, Nick; Baird, Gillian; Pickles, Andrew; Simonoff, Emily; Chandler, Susie; Charman, Tony

    2013-01-01

    Spoken word recognition, during gating, appears intact in specific language impairment (SLI). This study used gating to investigate the process in adolescents with autism spectrum disorders plus language impairment (ALI). Adolescents with ALI, SLI, and typical language development (TLD), matched on nonverbal IQ listened to gated words that varied…

  16. The risk of acute liver injury among users of antibiotic medications in the protect project: The results of a nested case-control study using european outpatient healthcare data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brauer, Ruth; Douglas, Ian; Rodriguez, Luis Alberto Garcia; Bate, Andrew; Smeeth, Liam; Reynolds, Robert; Klungel, Olaf; Ruigomez, Ana

    2014-01-01

    Background: The estimated incidence of antibiotic induced acute liver injury (ALI) varies widely, depending on the case definition and source population used. Objectives: We aimed to compare the risk of ALI associated with exposure to any type of antibiotic in a Spanish and United Kingdom (UK) datab

  17. License - RGP physicalmap | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sing this database. The license for this database is specified in the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Ali...e of Agrobiological Sciences licensed under CC Attribution-Share Alike 2.1 Japan . The summary of the Creative Commons Attribution

  18. Uncoupling of glomerular IgA deposition and disease progression in alymphoplasia mice with IgA nephropathy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masashi Aizawa

    Full Text Available Previous clinical and experimental studies have indicated that cells responsible for IgA nephropathy (IgAN, at least in part, are localized in bone marrow (BM. Indeed, we have demonstrated that murine IgAN can be experimentally reconstituted by bone marrow transplantation (BMT from IgAN prone mice in not only normal mice, but also in alymphoplasia mice (aly/aly independent of IgA+ cells homing to mucosa or secondary lymphoid tissues. The objective of the present study was to further assess whether secondary lymph nodes (LN contribute to the progression of this disease. BM cells from the several lines of IgAN prone mice were transplanted into aly/aly and wild-type mice (B6. Although the transplanted aly/aly showed the same degree of mesangial IgA and IgG deposition and the same serum elevation levels of IgA and IgA-IgG immune-complexes (IC as B6, even in extent, the progression of glomerular injury was observed only in B6. This uncoupling in aly/aly was associated with a lack of CD4+ T cells and macrophage infiltration, although phlogogenic capacity to nephritogenic IC of renal resident cells was identical between both recipients. It is suggested that secondary LN may be required for the full progression of IgAN after nephritogenic IgA and IgA/IgG IC deposition.

  19. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... group. So it really was just this constant go, go, go.” In high school, after feeling soreness and pain ... quality life. Aly Becker Aly is still the go-getter she was as a kid despite her ...

  20. Clinical analysis of acute lung injury after esophagectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-chun Wu

    2014-01-01

    Conclusion: Greater surgical stress, such as a longer operative time, is thus considered to be associated with the first attack of ALI. The adverse events developing in the extrathoracic site, such as necrosis and local infection around anastomosis may, therefore, be the second attack. Furthermore, ALI may cause not only systemic inflammatory response syndrome but also other complications such as anastomotic leakage.

  1. Association between insertion/deletion polymorphism in angiotensin-converting enzyme gene and acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matsuda Akihisa

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A previous meta-analysis reported a positive association between an insertion/deletion (I/D polymorphism in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene (ACE and the risk of acute lung injury (ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS. Here, we updated this meta-analysis and additionally assessed the association of this polymorphism with ALI/ARDS mortality. Methods We searched electronic databases through October 2011 for the terms “angiotensin-converting enzyme gene”, “acute lung injury”, and “acute respiratory distress syndrome,” and reviewed all studies that reported the relationship of the I/D polymorphism in ACE with ALI/ARDS in humans. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria, comprising 532 ALI/ARDS patients, 3032 healthy controls, and 1432 patients without ALI/ARDS. We used three genetic models: the allele, dominant, and recessive models. Results The ACE I/D polymorphism was not associated with susceptibility to ALI/ARDS for any genetic model. However, the ACE I/D polymorphism was associated with the mortality risk of ALI/ARDS in Asian subjects ( Pallele Pdominant = 0.001, Precessive = 0.002. This finding remained significant after correction for multiple comparisons. Conclusions There is a possible association between the ACE I/D polymorphism genotype and the mortality risk of ALI/ARDS in Asians.

  2. Theoretical and expert assessment of the effect of infrastructure on regional competitiveness (Lithuanian case)

    OpenAIRE

    Bruneckienė, Jurgita; Čibinskienė, Akvilė; Guzavičius, Andrius

    2010-01-01

    Šiuolaikinėmis globalizacijos sąlygomis, plėtojant šalies ekonomiką ir siekiant pritraukti tiesiogines užsienio investicijas, konkurencingumas įgauna vis didesnės reikšmės. Gamybos veiksniai vis lengviau gali būti perkeliami iš vienos šalies į kitą, iš vieno šalies regiono į kitą, todėl svarbu siekti kuo didesnio šalies (regionų) konkurencingumo. Infrastruktūros ištekliai šalies ekonomikoje – svarbus jos konkurencingumo ir visuomenės gebėjimo patenkinti savo socialinius poreikius veiksnys. Ek...

  3. A novel and stable "two-hit" acute lung injury model induced by oleic acid in piglets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lv Xiaodong

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Children are susceptible to pulmonary injury, and acute lung injury (ALI often results in a high mortality and financial cost in pediatric patients. Evidence has showed that oleic acid (OA plays an important role in ALI. Therefore, it has special significance to study ALI in pediatric patients by using OA-induced animal models. Unfortunately, the animal model hs a high mortality due to hemodynamic instability. The aim of this study was to establish a novel hemodynamically stable OA-induced ALI model in piglets with two hits. Methods 18 Chinese mini-piglets were randomized into three groups: group C (received saline-ethanol solution, group T (received OA-ethanol solution in routine administration manner and group H (received OA-ethanol solution in two-hit manner. Hemodynamic and pulmonary function data were measured. Histopathological assessments were performed. Results Two piglets in group T died of radical decline of systemic blood pressure. Group T showed more drastic hemodynamic changes than group H especially during the period of 5 to 30 minutes after OA administration. Both Group T and group H all produced severe lung injury, while group C had no significant pathologic changes. OA-induced hypotension might be caused by pulmonary hypertension rather than comprised left ventricular function. Conclusion OA leads to severe pulmonary hypertension which results in hemodynamic fluctuation in OA-induced ALI model. It is the first report on hemodynamic stable ALI animal model in piglets using two-hit method. The two-hit ALI animal model fulfils the ALI criteria and has the following characteristics: hemodynamic stability, stable damage to gas exchange and comparability with pediatric patients in body weight and corresponding age. The two-hit ALI animal model can be used to study the basic mechanism and the therapeutic strategies for pediatric ALI.

  4. The Sclerotic Scatter Limbal Arc Is More Easily Elicited under Mesopic Rather Than Photopic Conditions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Denion

    Full Text Available We aimed to determine the limbal lighting illuminance thresholds (LLITs required to trigger perception of sclerotic scatter at the opposite non-illuminated limbus (i.e. perception of a light limbal scleral arc under different levels of ambient lighting illuminance (ALI.Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled. The iris shade (light or dark was graded by retrieving the median value of the pixels of a pre-determined zone of a gray-level iris photograph. Mean keratometry and central corneal pachymetry were recorded. Each subject was asked to lie down, and the ALI at eye level was set to mesopic values (10, 20, 40 lux, then photopic values (60, 80, 100, 150, 200 lux. For each ALI level, a light beam of gradually increasing illuminance was applied to the right temporal limbus until the LLIT was reached, i.e. the level required to produce the faint light arc that is characteristic of sclerotic scatter at the nasal limbus.After log-log transformation, a linear relationship between the logarithm of ALI and the logarithm of the LLIT was found (p<0.001, a 10% increase in ALI being associated with an average increase in the LLIT of 28.9%. Higher keratometry values were associated with higher LLIT values (p = 0.008 under low ALI levels, but the coefficient of the interaction was very small, representing a very limited effect. Iris shade and central corneal thickness values were not significantly associated with the LLIT. We also developed a censored linear model for ALI values ≤ 40 lux, showing a linear relationship between ALI and the LLIT, in which the LLIT value was 34.4 times greater than the ALI value.Sclerotic scatter is more easily elicited under mesopic conditions than under photopic conditions and requires the LLIT value to be much higher than the ALI value, i.e. it requires extreme contrast.

  5. MicroRNA Regulation of Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajasekaran, Subbiah; Pattarayan, Dhamotharan; Rajaguru, P; Sudhakar Gandhi, P S; Thimmulappa, Rajesh K

    2016-10-01

    The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a severe form of acute lung injury (ALI), is a very common condition associated with critically ill patients, which causes substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite decades of research, effective therapeutic strategies for clinical ALI/ARDS are not available. In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs), small non-coding molecules have emerged as a major area of biomedical research as they post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression in diverse biological and pathological processes, including ALI/ARDS. In this context, this present review summarizes a large body of evidence implicating miRNAs and their target molecules in ALI/ARDS originating largely from studies using animal and cell culture model systems of ALI/ARDS. We have also focused on the involvement of miRNAs in macrophage polarization, which play a critical role in regulating the pathogenesis of ALI/ARDS. Finally, the possible future directions that might lead to novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of ALI/ARDS are also reviewed. J. Cell. Physiol. 231: 2097-2106, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:26790856

  6. Simvastatin reduces endotoxin-induced acute lung injury by decreasing neutrophil recruitment and radical formation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jochen Grommes

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Treatment of acute lung injury (ALI remains an unsolved problem in intensive care medicine. As simvastatin exerts protective effects in inflammatory diseases we explored its effects on development of ALI and due to the importance of neutrophils in ALI also on neutrophil effector functions. METHODS: C57Bl/6 mice were exposed to aerosolized LPS (500 µg/ml for 30 min. The count of alveolar, interstitial, and intravasal neutrophils were assessed 4 h later by flow cytometry. Lung permeability changes were assessed by FITC-dextran clearance and albumin content in the BAL fluid. In vitro, we analyzed the effect of simvastatin on neutrophil adhesion, degranulation, apoptosis, and formation of reactive oxygen species. To monitor effects of simvastatin on bacterial clearance we performed phagocytosis and bacterial killing studies in vitro as well as sepsis experiments in mice. RESULTS: Simvastatin treatment before and after onset of ALI reduces neutrophil influx into the lung as well as lung permeability indicating the protective role of simvastatin in ALI. Moreover, simvastatin reduces the formation of ROS species and adhesion of neutrophils without affecting apoptosis, bacterial phagocytosis and bacterial clearance. CONCLUSION: Simvastatin reduces recruitment and activation of neutrophils hereby protecting from LPS-induced ALI. Our results imply a potential role for statins in the management of ALI.

  7. Human models of acute lung injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alastair G. Proudfoot

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Acute lung injury (ALI is a syndrome that is characterised by acute inflammation and tissue injury that affects normal gas exchange in the lungs. Hallmarks of ALI include dysfunction of the alveolar-capillary membrane resulting in increased vascular permeability, an influx of inflammatory cells into the lung and a local pro-coagulant state. Patients with ALI present with severe hypoxaemia and radiological evidence of bilateral pulmonary oedema. The syndrome has a mortality rate of approximately 35% and usually requires invasive mechanical ventilation. ALI can follow direct pulmonary insults, such as pneumonia, or occur indirectly as a result of blood-borne insults, commonly severe bacterial sepsis. Although animal models of ALI have been developed, none of them fully recapitulate the human disease. The differences between the human syndrome and the phenotype observed in animal models might, in part, explain why interventions that are successful in models have failed to translate into novel therapies. Improved animal models and the development of human in vivo and ex vivo models are therefore required. In this article, we consider the clinical features of ALI, discuss the limitations of current animal models and highlight how emerging human models of ALI might help to answer outstanding questions about this syndrome.

  8. Matrix Metalloproteinase Activity in Pediatric Acute Lung Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele YF Kong, Amit Gaggar, Yao Li, Margaret Winkler, J Edwin Blalock, JP Clancy

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Pediatric Acute Lung Injury (ALI is associated with a high mortality and morbidity, and dysregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs may play an important role in the pathogenesis and evolution of ALI. Here we examined MMP expression and activity in pediatric ALI compared with controls. MMP-8, -9, and to a lesser extent, MMP-2, -3, -11 and -12 were identified at higher levels in lung secretions of pediatric ALI patients compared with controls. Tissue Inhibitor of Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1, a natural inhibitor of MMPs was detected in most ALI samples, but MMP-9:TIMP-1 ratios were high relative to controls. In subjects who remained intubated for ≥10 days, MMP-9 activity decreased, with > 80% found in the latent form. In contrast, almost all MMP-8 detected at later disease course was constitutively active. Discriminating MMP-9:TIMP-1 ratios were found in those who had a prolonged ALI course. These results identify a specific repertoire of MMP isoforms in the lung secretions of pediatric ALI patients, and demonstrate inverse changes in MMPs -8 and -9 with protracted disease.

  9. Subsurface Imaging by UWB Radar: Application to Humanitarian Demining in Cambodia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Motoyuki

    Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) has been widely used applications which include detection of subsurface facilities, concrete inspection and archaeology. Among these applications, humanitarian demining is still difficult task. Since 2002, we have developed a new hand-held land mine detection dual-sensor ALIS. ALIS is equipped with a metal detector and a GPR, and it has a sensor tracking system, which can record the GPR and Metal detector signal with its location. ALIS can process the data and is used for image re-construction by migration processing. ALIS is the only one mine detection system in the world which can visualize the GPR image by hand scanning. We found that the migration processing can reduce the clutter and gives us clear images of buried mines. After several tests of ALIS in mine affected courtiers, operation of ALIS in mine fields in Cambodia started in summer 2009. Two sets of ALIS have been operated in Cambodia and more than 77 antipersonnel mines have been detected and 137,000m2 farmland was cleaned.

  10. Transmission Dynamics of Visceral Leishmaniasis in the Indian Subcontinent – A Systematic Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boelaert, Marleen; Matlashewski, Greg; Mondal, Dinesh; Arana, Byron; Kroeger, Axel; Olliaro, Piero

    2016-01-01

    Background As Bangladesh, India and Nepal progress towards visceral leishmaniasis (VL) elimination, it is important to understand the role of asymptomatic Leishmania infection (ALI), VL treatment relapse and post kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in transmission. Methodology/ Principal Finding We reviewed evidence systematically on ALI, relapse and PKDL. We searched multiple databases to include studies on burden, risk factors, biomarkers, natural history, and infectiveness of ALI, PKDL and relapse. After screening 292 papers, 98 were included covering the years 1942 through 2016. ALI, PKDL and relapse studies lacked a reference standard and appropriate biomarker. The prevalence of ALI was 4–17-fold that of VL. The risk of ALI was higher in VL case contacts. Most infections remained asymptomatic or resolved spontaneously. The proportion of ALI that progressed to VL disease within a year was 1.5–23%, and was higher amongst those with high antibody titres. The natural history of PKDL showed variability; 3.8–28.6% had no past history of VL treatment. The infectiveness of PKDL was 32–53%. The risk of VL relapse was higher with HIV co-infection. Modelling studies predicted a range of scenarios. One model predicted VL elimination was unlikely in the long term with early diagnosis. Another model estimated that ALI contributed to 82% of the overall transmission, VL to 10% and PKDL to 8%. Another model predicted that VL cases were the main driver for transmission. Different models predicted VL elimination if the sandfly density was reduced by 67% by killing the sandfly or by 79% by reducing their breeding sites, or with 4–6y of optimal IRS or 10y of sub-optimal IRS and only in low endemic setting. Conclusion/ Significance There is a need for xenodiagnostic and longitudinal studies to understand the potential of ALI and PKDL as reservoirs of infection. PMID:27490264

  11. PAVING THE WAY FOR INTERRELIGIOUS DIALOGUE, TOLERANCE, AND HARMONY: Following Mukti Ali’s Path

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faisal Ismail

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A known Indonesian Muslim scholar Mukti Ali (1923-2004 was very much concerned with dialogue, tolerance, and harmony among the people of different traditions, cultures, and religions. In his many academic works, he stressesed the importance of promoting, strengthening, and maintaining intercultural and interreligious dialogue, tolerance, and harmony. Not only did he produce various academic works, but also made efforts in putting his intercultural and interreligious ideas into practice. Both as a scholar and expert in the comparative study of religions and as Minister of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (1971-1978, Mukti Ali endlessly promoted intercultural and interreligiuos diologue, tolerance, and harmony. Realizing that Indonesia is a pluralistic society, Mukti Ali adopted an approach called ‘agree in disagreement’ in the effort of creating and supporting tolerance, harmony, and security among people of different religious traditions. This paper will highlight the principles and values which Mukti Ali struggled for during his long administrative and academic careers.[Mukti Ali (1923-2004 adalah salah seorang intelektual Muslim ternama di Indonesia. Dia dedikasikan hidupnya untuk menyemai dialog, toleransi dan kehidupan harmonis antar tradisi, budaya dan agama yang beragam. Dalam berbagai karya akademiknya, Mukti Ali selalu menekankan pentingnya kehidupan harmonis dan toleransi antar pemeluk agama dan budaya. Lebih dari itu, dia melampaui hanya sekedar batas pemikiran dengan mengimplementasikan gagasan-gagasannya tersebut. Sebagai seorang ilmuwan dengan keahlian perbandingan agama dan sebagai Menteri Agama RI (1971-1978, Mukti Ali dengan kukuh memperjuangkan dialog, toleransi dan kehidupan harmonis antar agama dan budaya. Mukti Ali sadar, Indonesia adalah negara yang plural, karena itu dia menawarkan pendekatan “agree in disagreement” untuk menciptakan harmoni dan toleransi tersebut. Tulisan ini mengulas prinsip dan

  12. PRAVNI IN ETIČNI VIDIK EVTANAZIJE

    OpenAIRE

    Šibila, Nina

    2010-01-01

    Diplomska naloga predstavlja pravni in etični vidik evtanazije ter kratek pregled stališč v današnjem času in skozi zgodovino. Sama beseda evtanazija je grškega izvora in v dobesednem prevodu pomeni lahko oziroma dobro smrt (eu - dobro, thanatos - smrt). V resnici gre za olajšanje trpljenja ali smrtnega boja umirajočega ali neozdravljivo bolnega na tak način, da umirajoči oziroma neozdravljivo bolni umre. To olajšanje trpljenja ali smrtnega boja je mogoče doseči tako, da bodisi nekaj stori...

  13. Prevention and Therapeutic Effects and Mechanisms of Tanshinone IIA Sodium Sulfonate on Acute Liver Injury Mice Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lunjie Lu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tanshinone IIA sodium sulfonate (TSS is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, which is the main pharmacologically active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza. This study aimed to verify the preventive and therapeutic effects of TSS and its combined therapeutic effects with magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate (MI in D-galactosamine- (D-Gal- induced acute liver injury (ALI in mice. The potential regulatory mechanisms of TSS on ALI were also examined. Our results may provide a basis for the development of novel therapeutics for ALI.

  14. Prevention and Therapeutic Effects and Mechanisms of Tanshinone IIA Sodium Sulfonate on Acute Liver Injury Mice Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Lunjie; Zhou, Jun; Zhang, Jingying; Che, Jun; Jiao, Yang; Zhang, Yusong

    2016-01-01

    Tanshinone IIA sodium sulfonate (TSS) is a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, which is the main pharmacologically active component of Salvia miltiorrhiza. This study aimed to verify the preventive and therapeutic effects of TSS and its combined therapeutic effects with magnesium isoglycyrrhizinate (MI) in D-galactosamine- (D-Gal-) induced acute liver injury (ALI) in mice. The potential regulatory mechanisms of TSS on ALI were also examined. Our results may provide a basis for the development of novel therapeutics for ALI. PMID:27274751

  15. Vsebinsko in jezikovno integrirano učenje pri pouku angleškega jezika v petem razredu osnovne šole

    OpenAIRE

    Žanet, Pavlica

    2015-01-01

    Vsebinsko in jezikovno integrirano učenje (VJIU) ali CLIL (ang. Content and Language Integrated Learning), ki je krovno poimenovanje za odprt didaktični pristop pouka, kjer se vse ali zgolj določene vsebine nejezikovnega predmeta ali predmetov obravnavajo v ciljnem jeziku, je ena od najbolj učinkovitih poti za doseganje evropske politike večjezičnosti. V teoretičnem delu magistrskega dela smo opredelili didaktični pristop VJIU, njegove oblike izvajanja, prednosti in slabosti, njegovo zgod...

  16. VPLIV CENE NA ZADOVOLJSTVO IN ZVESTOBO UPORABNIKOV TELEKOMUNIKACIJSKIH STORITEV

    OpenAIRE

    Majcen, Mateja

    2016-01-01

    Cena izdelka ali storitve, ki jo plača uporabnik, ima pomemben vpliv na zadovoljstvo ali nezadovoljstvo uporabnika z uporabo tega izdelka ali storitve in posledično na zadovoljstvo do podjetja. Glede na to, da se različni avtorji strinjajo in to tudi dokazujejo z raziskavami, zadovoljstvo nedvoumno vpliva na zvestobo uporabnika, zvestoba pa na dolgoročno uspešnost podjetja, smo v delu ugotavljali, kako sama cena storitve vpliva na zadovoljstvo in kako posredno preko zadovoljstva vpliva na zve...

  17. ANALIZA IN PRIMERJAVA E-POSLOVANJA IZBRANIH HOTELSKIH PODJETIJ

    OpenAIRE

    Časar, Viktorija

    2011-01-01

    Namen diplomske naloge je bil predstaviti spletno poslovanje hotelskega podjetja. Oglaševanje na spletu je v bistvu podobno ostalim oblikam komuniciranja, vendar obstaja razlika pri obnašanju uporabnika. Lahko bi rekli, da se s pomočjo spletnega oglaševanja poveča zavedanje uporabnika o izdelku ali storitvi, povečan je tudi interes uporabnika, da bi se seznanil z izdelkom ali storitvijo in na koncu se poveča želja po nakupu izdelka ali storitve. Velika prednost spletnega oglaševanja je ta, da...

  18. IZDELAVA SPLETNE TRGOVINE ZA PODJETJE ŽGANJEKUHA ŽAN FRANC S.P.

    OpenAIRE

    Bergant, David

    2012-01-01

    Podjetje Žganjekuha Žan Franc, s. p., želi povečati prodajo svojih izdelkov predvsem fizičnim osebam, ki trenutno odkupijo manj kot 10 odstotkov vseh njihovih izdelkov. Zaradi večje proizvodne zmogljivosti bi radi povečali prodajo tudi pravnim osebam, saj jim novi proizvodni obrat to omogoča. Ker podjetje še ni prisotno na spletu, smo se odločili za izdelavo spletne trgovine, s pomočjo katere bi prodajo zagotovo povečali, poleg tega pa tudi olajšali stik s potencialnimi strankami. Ker ponudba...

  19. PEVSKI ZBOR KOT OBOGATITVENA DEJAVNOST V VRTCU

    OpenAIRE

    Škorjanc, Nina

    2015-01-01

    Glasba nas čustveno bogati, je pozitivna terapija za dušo, kadar smo žalostni, nas pomiri in razbremeni. Z glasbo se nekateri dojenčki srečajo že v prenatalnem obdobju, zahvaljujoč predvsem mamicam, ki v nosečnosti intenzivno poslušajo glasbo, prepevajo pesmi ali igrajo na instrument. Po rojstvu je od vsakega otroka, ki mu je bilo to dano, odvisno ali bo informacije, ki jih je sprejel v maminem trebuhu nadgradil ali zatrl. Otroci radi pojejo, saj jih petje sprošča in razveseljuje. Zato je...

  20. VRLINE V POSLOVNEM SVETU: RADODARNOST

    OpenAIRE

    Sovinc, Darinka

    2016-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava problematiko vrlin v poslovnem svetu, s posebnim poudarkom na radodarnosti. V teoretičnem delu je osnovni namen predstaviti pojem vrline in radodarnost kot ene izmed njih ter jo povezati z utilitarizmom in deontološko teorijo. Osredotočili smo se na poslovno etiko, ki smo jo poskušali povezati z nekaterimi etičnimi teorijami. Poskušali smo ugotoviti prisotnost vrlin v poslovnem svetu in ali je možno govoriti o prisotnosti radodarnosti v poslovnem svetu. Izhajali smo i...

  1. REVIZORJEVI POSTOPKI V ZVEZI S PREVARAMI

    OpenAIRE

    Banovšek, Maja

    2011-01-01

    Prevaro MSR 240 (2009) opredeljuje kot namerno dejanje enega ali več članov poslovodstva, pristojnih za upravljanje, zaposlenih ali tretjih oseb, da z goljufijo pridobijo neupravičene ali nezakonite koristi. Glavno odgovornost za preprečevanje in odkrivanje prevar imajo tako pristojni za upravljanje organizacije kot poslovodstvo. Pomembno je, da daje poslovodstvo ob nadziranju, ki ga izvajajo pristojni za upravljanje, velik poudarek preprečevanju prevar, kar lahko zmanjšuje priložnosti za ...

  2. ODŠKODNINSKA ODGOVORNOST DELODAJALCA ZARADI POŠKODB PRI DELU V REPUBLIKI SLOVENIJI IN MOŽNOST SKLENITVE ZAVAROVANJA

    OpenAIRE

    Miklavčič Podbelšek, Marjana

    2011-01-01

    POVZETEK Pri kakršnem koli ravnanju človeka ali opravljanju sleherne dejavnosti, dela oz. lahko nastane škoda, ki jo ima oškodovanec ob določenih pogojih pravico dobiti povrnjeno. Enako je lahko v situaciji pri delu delavca, v delovnem razmerju, s tem da je delavec lahko povzročitelj škode ali oškodovanec na drugi strani. Zakon o delovnih razmerjih ureja primere, ko delavec na delu ali v zvezi z delom delodajalcu povzroči škodo, vendar delavec odgovarja za nastanek škode le, če je ško...

  3. Vpliv glivnih in rastlinskih sekundarnih metabolitov na verižno reakcijo s polimerazo (PCR)

    OpenAIRE

    Thaler, Nejc; Bajc, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Sekundarni metaboliti so organske spojine, ki jih najdemo pri glivah in rastlinah, kjer imajo vlogo obrambnih in signalnih molekul ali zagotavljajo druge selekcijske prednosti, niso pa neposredno vpleteni v rast, razvoj in razmnoževanje organizma. Pri delu s tehnikami DNA so pogosto ravno sekundarni metaboliti tisti, ki posredno ali neposredno vplivajo na uspešnost verižne reakcije s polimerazo (PCR) ali reverezno transkriptazo, in sicer tako, da otežujejo celično lizo, povzročajo razpad nukl...

  4. Droge kot družbeni in kazenskopravni problem (kriminološki vidik)

    OpenAIRE

    Majer, Tadej

    2013-01-01

    Droga je pojem z najrazličnejšimi pomeni. Z njo označujemo pojave, ki spreminjajo našo duševnost, kadar postanemo zaradi njih zasvojeni, kadar na nas vplivajo pozitivno ali negativno, itd. Ko govorimo o drogah, imamo večinoma v mislih mamila, torej psihotropne snovi, ki v naše telo pridejo z njuhanjem, kajenjem, ali neposredno z injekcijo. Poseg po njih ni nikoli zgolj slučajen. V večini primerih imajo za nas nek pomen, pa naj si bo to zgolj radovednost, sprostitev ali zabava. V svoji dipl...

  5. Komplikacije i neuspjesi u dentalnoj implantologiji

    OpenAIRE

    Filipović-Zore, Irina; Katanec, Davor; Sušić, Mato; Krmpotić, Marko

    2005-01-01

    Sve češća i veća uporaba zubnih usadaka u svakodnevnoj stomatološkoj praksi, ali i sustavno i dokumentirano višegodišnje praćenje pacijenata s ugrađenim i protetski opskrbljenim zubnim usadcima, dovodi i do sve ćešćeg susretanja terapeuta s različitim vrstama komplikacija, ali i neuspjeha. Premda komplikacije i neupjeh nisu inačice, one su u dentalnoj implantologiji usko povezane, ali nije nužno da svaka komplikacija vodi neuspjehu. Zato bi svaki terapeut morao znati predvidjeti moguće kompli...

  6. Pravna ureditev izrednih prevozov v cestnem prometu za potrebe gradbeništva

    OpenAIRE

    Dragičevič, Sonja

    2013-01-01

    Namen diplomskega dela je bil celovito in na enem mestu zbrati pravno podlago, ki ureja postopke in načine izvedbe izrednih prevozov v cestnem prometu. Izredni prevozi so vedno bili zahtevni logistični procesi, ki od pripravljalca in izvajalca zahtevajo dodatne priprave za varen transport določene stvari (bodisi v tekočem bodisi trdem stanju) ali tovora, ki zaradi svoje oblike ali velikosti pogosto presega standarde obstoječe cestne zmogljivosti ali ki zaradi strupenosti, eksplozivnosti in po...

  7. Nadzor nad psihoaktivnimi snovmi v Republiki Sloveniji in Evropski uniji : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    OpenAIRE

    Purkat, Nina

    2014-01-01

    V diplomski nalogi bom predstavila mehanizme nadzora nad novimi psihoaktivnimi snovmi v RS in EU ter probleme, ki so povezani z vzpostavitvijo učinkovitega zakonskega nadzora nad novimi psihoaktivnimi snovmi. Evropski center za spremljanje drog in zasvojenosti z drogami opredeli novo psihoaktivno snov kot narkotično ali psihotropno drogo v čisti obliki ali v pripravku, ki ni pod nadzorom v skladu z Enotno konvencijo Združenih narodov o mamilih iz leta 1961 ali Konvencijo Združenih narodov ...

  8. OSINT - študija primera WIKILEAKS in študija primera SUPERVIZOR : diplomsko delo univerzitetnega študija

    OpenAIRE

    Mahne, Katja

    2013-01-01

    Supervizor na nacionalni in Wikileaks na svetovni ravni danes predstavljata sredstvi za lažje finančno, politično ali vse svetovno poznavanje dogajanja v državi ali v svetu. Aplikacija Supervizor nam omogoča, da lahko kadarkoli preverimo, koliko denarja je dobila osnovna šola v našem kraju ali morda koliko je podjetje našega soseda prejelo od države za urejanje vrtov. V nasprotju s finančnimi tokovi nam Wikileaks razkriva, kaj sta se na poslovnem kosilu pogovarjala ameriški minister in na...

  9. POVEZANOST MED NOTRANJO TRŽNO NARAVNANOSTJO IN ZUNANJO TRŽNO NARAVNANOSTJO V PODJETJIH V SLOVENIJI

    OpenAIRE

    Kralj Palka, Vlasta

    2012-01-01

    Vsa podjetja ali organizacije, ki delujejo na spreminjajočih se trgih, se morajo nenehno bolj ali manj spreminjati in uvajati novosti na vseh ravneh znotraj organizacije, kot tudi odjemalcem ponujati nove in spremenjene izdelke ali storitve. V organizacijah, kjer imajo zadovoljne zaposlene, vsekakor lažje in hitreje pridejo do boljših rezultatov pri prodaji, kar hkrati krepi položaj na trgu. Notranja tržna naravnanost predstavlja vse napore, dejavnosti in delovanja v podjetju, ki se nana...

  10. Profesinių centrų veiklos ypatumai kaitos sąlygomis

    OpenAIRE

    Kniežaitė, Živilė

    2011-01-01

    Profesinio rengimo tinklo veiklos tobulinimo problema kaitos kontekste Lietuvoje kaip niekada yra aktuali. EUROSTAT duomenimis, Lietuva yra tarp trijų labiausiai atsiliekančių Europos Sąjungos šalių pagal darbo jėgos dalyvavimą formaliajame ir neformaliajame mokyme. Šalies profesinio rengimo sektorius nespėja reaguoti į aplinkos pokyčius ir šalies ūkio poreikius, t.y. trūksta kvalifikuotų darbininkų, paslaugų sektoriaus darbuotojų, aukštos kvalifikacijos specialistų. Tyrimo objektas: prof...

  11. Cilt 2, Sayı 4, Bahar 2014

    OpenAIRE

    ,

    2014-01-01

    Abdüsselam UYGUR (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Adem ASALIOĞLU (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Ahmet Kerim GÜLTEKİN (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Ahmet UZUN (Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi) Ahmet Yaşar OCAK (Hacettepe Üniversitesi) Ali ERKUL (Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi) Ali Kemal ÖZCAN (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Ali TAŞKIN (Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi) Arzu KARACA ÇAKINBERK (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Candan BADEM (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Cemal GÜZEL (Hacettepe Üniversitesi) Erdal YILDIRIM (Tunceli Üniversitesi) Faruk KOCACIK (C...

  12. Vzrok in izvor prepovedi incesta

    OpenAIRE

    Pungartnik, Urška

    2012-01-01

    Diplomska naloga se ukvarja s pojasnitvijo nastanka prepovedi ali tabu incesta v družbi. Incest je spolni odnos med dvema krvnima sorodnikoma, ki sta si prepovedana za spolno združitev preko družbene prepovedi ali tabuja incesta. Prepoved incesta je univerzalna, le kategorije prepovedanih posameznikov za spolno združitev se med družbami razlikujejo. Prepoved incesta ni nastala v primitivni družbi zaradi strahu posameznikov pred dotikom ali stikom s sveto substanco totema, ki je bila še posebe...

  13. POZNAVANJE IN UPORABA CRM V SLOVENSKIH PODJETJIH PRI POSLOVANJU S TUJIMI PODJETJI

    OpenAIRE

    Kričej, Ana

    2011-01-01

    V diplomi je prestavljena teorija o CRM, strategija CRM in njena implementacija v podjetje. V zadnjem poglavju je analiza anketnega vprašalnika, ali podjetja poznajo in uporabljajo CRM pri poslovanju s tujimi podjetji.

  14. Disease: H01301 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ncodes tight-junction protein causes this syndrome. Nervous system disease hsa045...vich AJ, Ali B, Al-Gazali L, Walsh CA A homozygous mutation in the tight-junction protein JAM3 causes

  15. Linkage disequilibrium between incompatibility locus region genes in the plant Arabidopsis lyrata

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hagenblad, Jenny; Bechsgaard, Jesper Smærup; Charlesworth, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    We have studied diversity in Arabidopsis lyrata of sequences orthologous to the ARK3 gene of A. thaliana. Our main goal was to test for recombination in the S-locus region. In A. thaliana, the single-copy ARK3 gene is closely linked to the non-functional copies of the self-incompatibility loci, and...... the ortholog in A. lyrata (a self-incompatible species) is in the homologous genome region and is known as Aly8. It is thus of interest to test whether Aly8 sequence diversity is elevated due to close linkage to the highly polymorphic incompatibility locus, as is theoretically predicted. However, Aly8...... linked to the incompatibility locus, one being a pseudogene. We determined the phase of multiple haplotypes in families of plants from Icelandic and other populations. Different Aly8 sequence types are associated with different SRK alleles, while haplotypes with the same SRK sequences tend to have the...

  16. Filme kaladest : "Maelströmi" külm langemine, "Bo Ba Bu" kiviaegne röhkimine ja vanameister Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all" / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Temaatiliselt koos vaadeldakse kolme erineva kultuuritaustaga režissööri filme : kanadalase Denis Villeneuve "Maelström", usbeki Ali Hamrajevi "Bo Ba Bu" ja jaapanlase Shohei Imamura "Soe vesi punase silla all"

  17. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... being in band, and I had a part-time job at Staples and was very involved in ... soreness and pain for an extended period of time, Aly was diagnosed with Juvenile Arthritis. Despite receiving ...

  18. TAKIM ANALYZY

    OpenAIRE

    ERDEM, Orhan; Polat, Sedat

    2010-01-01

    Bu makale takym olu?um sürecini ve takym olu?um a?amalaryndaki takym üyelerini, takym ruhunu, ileti?imi, çaty?ma ve çaty?ma yönetimini ve teknolojinin etkisini tahlil etmektedir. Bu makale özetle takym içinde takym olu?um süreçleri olan "olu?ma, aly?ma, kuralla?ma ve çaly?ma" basamaklarynda ya?ananlary tespit etmektedir. Bu çaly?ma ?u sorulara cevap bulmaktadyr: Takym olu?um a?amalarynyn herbirinde ne kadar zaman harcanmaktadyr? Takymda ne gibi bir olu?um vardyr? Bu çaly?man...

  19. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in band, and I had a part-time job at Staples and was very involved in my ... class was a major frustration and a major loss for her,” she added. Although Aly was initially ...

  20. PODPORA MOBILNEGA POSLOVANJA S CELOVITIMI INFORMACIJSKIMI REŠITVAMI

    OpenAIRE

    Kos, Gašper

    2013-01-01

    Mobilno poslovanje je podjetjem dodalo nove dimenzije. Vso poslovanje je sedaj na dosego mobilnega telefona ali tabličnega računalnika. To tudi predstavlja konkurenčno prednost podjetij, ki izvajajo m-poslovanje.

  1. Simulatsioon, situatsioon, kaos / Rain Tolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tolk, Rain, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Provokatiivse teleprogrammi "Ekskursioon" (Kanal 2) võrdlus ameerika ja inglise analoogidega - "Da Ali G Show" ja "The Awful Truth & TV-Nation". Lisatud Kanal 2 programmijuhi Olle Mirme kommentaar ja "Provokatiivseid saateid ja momente eesti teleajaloos" lk. 126

  2. В российских СМИ начались чистки / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  3. Vene oligarh vallandas meediajuhte / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2011-01-01

    Venemaa oligarh Ališer Usmanov vallandas ASi Kommersant Holding peadirektori Andrei Galijevi ja ajakirja Kommersant-Vlast peatoimetaja Maksim Kovalski, tuues põhjuseks Venemaa peaministri Vladimir Putini solvamise

  4. Faculty bestowed IBM Faculty Awards

    OpenAIRE

    Daniilidi, Christina

    2009-01-01

    Wu Feng of the computer science and electrical and computer engineering departments in Virginia Tech's College of Engineering, and Ali Butt, also of the computer science department, were recently named as recipients of IBM Faculty Awards.

  5. Tuneesia valitseja põgenes riigist / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Tuneesia opositsioon ja rahvas on hakanud demokraatlikke vabadusi nõudma. Diktaatorist president Ben Ali on riigist põgenenud ja leidnud varjupaiga Saudi Araabias. Presidendiks on tõusnud parlamendi esimees Fouad Mebazaa

  6. Engineering professor achieves two prestigious professional milestones

    OpenAIRE

    Gilbert, Karen

    2005-01-01

    Ali Nayfeh of Blacksburg, University Distinguished Professor in the Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, recently achieved two prestigious professional milestones.

  7. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Clinicians For Policymakers For Family Caregivers Menu In this section RESOURCES Links News Videos, Podcasts & Livechats For ... is simple: to live the best life possible. This is her palliative care story. Aly has always ...

  8. 2 October 2012 - Egyptian Academy of Scientific Research and Technology President M. Al Sherbiny signing a protocol agreement with CERN Director-General R. Heuer, witnessed by Ambassador to the UN W. Bassim. This signature is followed by the signature of an MoU with ALICE and CMS Collaborations.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Where present: ALICE Collaboration: CP. Giubellino, F. Carminati, C. Decosse, and A. N. Tawfik CMS Collaboration: T. Camporesi A. Charkiewicz, A. De Roeck, A. Petrilli, A. Sharma with S. Aly, Y. Assran, M. Attia, R. Masod and A. Radi

  9. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... possible. This is her palliative care story. Aly has always been the type to want to do ... her degree. Becoming an advocate for palliative care has also been an exciting new venture. “I had ...

  10. 77 FR 39573 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... to the Kingpin Act: SALEH, Ali Mohamad, c/o ALMACEN BATUL; c/o COMERCIAL ESTILO Y MODA; DOB 1 Jan... To: COMERCIAL ESTILO Y MODA. Dated: June 27, 2012. Adam J. Szubin, Director, Office of Foreign...

  11. Nucleotide sequence of the coat protein genes of alstroemeria mosaic virus and amazon lily mosaic virus, a tentative species of genus potyvirus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuji, S; Terami, F; Furuya, H; Naito, H; Fukumoto, F

    2004-09-01

    The nucleotide sequences of the 3' terminal region of the genomes of Alstroemeria mosaic virus (AlsMV) and the Amazon lily mosaic virus (ALiMV) have been determined. These sequences contain the complete coding region of the viral coat protein (CP) gene followed by a 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR). AlsMV and ALiMV share 74.9% identity in the amino acid sequence of the CP, and 55.6% identity in the nucleotide sequence of the 3'-UTR. Phylogenetic analysis of these CP genes and 3'-UTRs in relation to those of 79 potyvirus species revealed that AlsMV and ALiMV should be assigned to the Potato virus Y (PVY) subgroup. AlsMV and ALiMV were concluded to have arisen independently within the PVY subgroup. PMID:15593424

  12. Jordaania nägi esimest korda naiseneseõhkijat / Kaarel Kaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaas, Kaarel, 1978-

    2005-01-01

    Jordaania televisioonis esines ülestunnistusega naisenesetaputerrorist Sajida Mubarak al-Rishaw, kelle ülesandeks oli end õhkida koos oma mehe Ali Hussein al-Shumariga Ammani kesklinna hotellis Radisson SAS

  13. Forschungsschwerpunkte im Institut für Kulturgeographie der Universität Frankfurt am Main am Ende der 80er Jahre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaus Wolf

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The review of research work of the Institute exposes the spheres of tourism population development and sub-urbanisation with ali accompanying economic and non-economic phenomena.

  14. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... those pivotal years with a serious illness. Twenty-three-year-old Aly Becker lives with the symptoms ... Valerie Wallace, a young, vibrant, upbeat mother of three diagnosed with colorectal cancer that spread to her ...

  15. Berliini biennal : teater ühel tänaval : biennaalikunst / Rael Artel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Artel, Rael, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    IV Berliini kaasaegse kunsti biennaal "Of Mice and Men / Hiirtest ja inimestest" Berliinis Auguststrasse ümbruses kuni 28. V. Kuraatorid Maurizio Cattelan, Massimiliano Gioni ja Ali Subotnick. Väljapanekust, toimumiskohast

  16. Assembly line balancing problem: Comparison of some heuristic procedures

    OpenAIRE

    Mete, Hasan Ali

    1989-01-01

    Ankara : The Department of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent Univ. , 1989. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1989. Includes bibliographical references leaves 56-58. Mete, Hasan Ali Master's

  17. Plaadid / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2002-01-01

    Uutest plaatidest Nightlight Dou "La Fiesta Del Sol", Yves Montand "Ses Plus Grands Succes", Natalia Oreiro "Tu veneno", Daishin Kashimoto "Passionata", Mike Oldfield "Tres Lunas", Ali G Indiahouse "Da Soundtrack", Ronan Keating "Destination", Roger Waters "Flickering Flame"

  18. Pommipanija vabastamine tekitab tõsiseid pingeid / Tiina Tamman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamman, Tiina, 1948-

    2009-01-01

    Lockerbié lennukatastroofi korraldamise eest vangi mõistetud Abdul Baset Ali al-Megrahi vabastamine Šotimaal on USA-s kaasa toonud proteste. Suurbritannia kinnitusel Šotimaale otsuse tegemisel survet ei avaldatud

  19. Zaposlovanje tujcev v Republiki Sloveniji

    OpenAIRE

    Manoleva, Nada

    2010-01-01

    Zaradi vse večjega staranja prebivalstva in zmanjševanja naravnega prirastka se povečuje povpraševanje po tuji delovni sili. Postopek zaposlovanja je odvisen od tega, ali tujec prihaja iz držav članic EU, EGP in Švicarske konfederacije ali pa iz t.i. tretjih držav. Za vse zaposlene delavce v Sloveniji ne glede na to, ali so slovenski državljani, državljani držav članic EU, EGP in Švicarske konfederacije ali pa državljani tretjih držav, velja, da so glede plače ter drugih delovnih pogojev p...

  20. Gene : CBRC-MMUS-11-0132 [SEVENS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ERASE) (MONOBUTYRASE) (COCAINE ESTERASE) (PROCAINE ESTERASE) (METHYLBUTYRASE) ......d library, clone:A430088E12 product:similar to CARBOXYLESTERASE PRECURSOR (EC 3.1.1.1) (ALI-ESTERASE) (B-EST

  1. Transfusion-related Acute Lung Injury in the Critically Ill: Prospective Nested Case-Control Study

    OpenAIRE

    Gajic, Ognjen; Rana, Rimki; Winters, Jeffrey L.; Yilmaz, Murat; Mendez, Jose L.; Rickman, Otis B.; O'Byrne, Megan M.; Evenson, Laura K; Malinchoc, Michael; DeGoey, Steven R.; Afessa, Bekele; Hubmayr, Rolf D.; Moore, S. Breanndan

    2007-01-01

    Rationale: Acute lung injury (ALI) that develops 6 hours after transfusion (TRALI) is the leading cause of transfusion-related mortality. Several transfusion characteristics have been postulated as risk factors for TRALI, but the evidence is limited to retrospective studies.

  2. BREZKRTAČNI MOTORJI ZA ELEKTRIČNA KOLESA

    OpenAIRE

    Flis, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Diplomsko delo obravnava brezkrtačne motorje za električna dvokolesna vozila. Električna dvokolesna vozila niso samo ekološka in varčna, temveč so izreden pripomoček ljudem, ki imajo kakršnokoli motnjo ali težavo pri premikanju ali hoji. Zlasti starejši ljudje kmalu po nastanku težav opustijo uporabo kolesa pretežno zaradi težav premagovanja klančin, ko noge ne »zdržijo« več, ali pa se lahko zgodi, da nastopi nenadna utrujenost ali dihalne težave. Glavni del električnega kolesa predstavlja el...

  3. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Livechats Living Well with Serious Illness: Aly’s Palliative Care Story August, 2016 Navigating the uncertain waters of ... the best life possible. This is her palliative care story. Aly has always been the type to ...

  4. [Tänavuse Whitbreadi auhinna pälvis Hilary Spurling biograafia "Matisse the master" eest] / Lauri Eesmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Eesmaa, Lauri

    2006-01-01

    Romaanikategooria auhinna sai Ali Smith romaaniga "The accidental", luulekategoorias Christopher Logue luulekoguga "Cold calls", parima debüüdi tegi Tash Aw romaaniga "The harmony silk factory" ning lasteraamatu kategooria auhinna sai Kate Thompsoni teos "The new policeman"

  5. 77 FR 838 - Additional Designations, Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-06

    ... Medellin, Colombia; Cedula No. 98541418 (Colombia) (individual) . 2. CHEAITELLI SAHELI, Guiseppe Ali, c/o... COMUNICACIONES LTDA, Carrera 81 A 34, No. C-43, Medellin, Colombia; Matricula Mercantil No 21-290521-03...

  6. Just what is happening in Algeria?

    OpenAIRE

    Ghettas, Lakhdar

    2010-01-01

    The assassination of the Algerian chief of national police Colonel Ali Tounsi coincides with the standoff between the Turkish Government and the military establishment. In Algeria, a conflict of similar colouring has been underway for several months.

  7. 3Corners of the World / Joosep Sang

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sang, Joosep

    2009-01-01

    Arvustused : Robert Jürjendal, Petri Kuljuntausta, David Rothenberg. 3Corners of the World. [Tallinn] : Terra Nova Music, 2008. Nadia ja Fragile. Uhke ali. [Tallinn] : Nadia & Fragile, 2008. UMA. Civitas Soli. [Tallinn] : Elwood, 2008. Uutest heliplaatidest

  8. Belgia kunstikoguja segab Kuressaaret kunstiafääri / Taavi Tuisk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuisk, Taavi

    2008-01-01

    Mehhikos elav belglane Francis Alys (1959) süüdistab 1997. a. Saaremaa biennaali korraldajaid temale kuulunud ja biennaalil eksponeeritud tööde (Jean-Jacques Henner' maali koopiad) äravahetamises

  9. Phenotypic and physiologic variability in nasal epithelium cultured from smokers and non-smokers exposed to secondhand tobacco smoke

    Science.gov (United States)

    The emergence of air-liquid interface (ALI) culturing of mammalian airway epithelium is a recent innovation for experimental modeling of airway epithelial development, function, and pathogenic mechanisms associated with infectious agent and irritant exposure. This construct provi...

  10. Screening for Dysglycemia: Connecting Supply and Demand to Slow Growth in Diabetes Incidence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed K Ali

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mohammed Ali and Venkat Narayan describe the challenge of implementing evidence-based interventions for prevention for the large number of people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

  11. AcEST: DK961874 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sp|A8MBU4|NPD_CALMQ NAD-dependent deacetylase OS=Caldivirga maquilingensis (strain DSMZ 13496 / IC-167) Ali...MQ NAD-dependent deacetylase OS=Caldivirga maquilingensis (strain DSMZ 13496 / IC

  12. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... period of time, Aly was diagnosed with Juvenile Arthritis. Despite receiving treatment, her symptoms worsened. She began ... a multitude of illnesses, including lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. As her symptoms worsened, her quality of life ...

  13. Protective Effect of Rhubarb on Endotoxin-Induced Acute Lung Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春盛; 周景; 桂培春; 何新华

    2001-01-01

    To approach the mechanism of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in causing acute lung injury (ALI) and the protective effect of rhubarb and dexamethasone, lung specimens were examined with macroscopy, microscopy, electron microscopy and the biological markers of ALI including lung wet/dry weight, the rate of neutrophils and protein content in the pulmonary alveolar lavage fluid, pulmonary capillary permeability and pulmonary alveolar permeability index were observed. The mechanism of the ALI is mainly due to direct injury of alveolar epithelium and pulmonary vascular endothelium. Rhubarb and dexamethasone could significantly reduce the edema of the lung tissue, decrease the red blood cell exudation, neutrophil infiltration and plasma protein exudation in the alveoli and all the biological markers in comparison with the ALI model rats, indicating they have protective action on vascular endothelium and alveolar epithelium.

  14. 76 FR 37094 - List of Correspondence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... May Be of Interest to Readers Topic Addressed: Harassment And Bullying. Dear Colleague Letter dated October 26, 2010 from Office for Civil Rights Assistant Secretary Russlynn Ali, regarding bullying...

  15. Fate of Ingested Aristolactams from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urzúa, Alejandro; Olguín, Angel; Santander, Rocío

    2013-01-01

    We performed a sequestration study of aristolactams (ALs) from Aristolochia chilensis in Battus polydamas archidamas (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) by examining the AL content of the plant, fifth instar larvae, osmeterial secretion, pupae, exuviae and feces. Aristolactam-I (AL-I) and aristolactam-II (AL-II) present in A. chilensis are sequestered by fifth instar larvae of B. polydamas archidamas. There is a preferential sequestration of AL-II, or a more efficient metabolization and excretion of AL-I, by the larva. No ALs were found in the osmeterial secretion, pupae and exuviae; in addition, little AL-I and no AL-II were found in larval frass. The two lactams, particularly AL-I, are extensively metabolized to other products in the larva. A reasonable hypothesis is that the ingested ALs are oxidized to their respective aristolochic acids. PMID:26462522

  16. EVTANAZIJA MED RELIGIJO IN PRAVOM

    OpenAIRE

    Bajrektarević, Selim

    2012-01-01

    Evtanazija? Dostojanstvena smrt ali odvzem življenja, pomoč v življenjski stiski ali kaznivo dejanje. Večna dilema, ki jo najdemo na vseh stopnjah družbenega življenja. V medicini, kjer zdravniki bijejo bitko sami s sabo, ali naj umirajočemu skrajšajo bolečine ali podaljšajo neizogibno. V pravu, kjer zakonodaja na vse načine poskuša s pravili evtanazijo zadržati pod kontrolo, jo legalizirati, vendar vedno naletijo na težave zlorabe teh pravil, zaradi katerih je dilema še večja. Tu je tudi pod...

  17. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... addition to providing support for the depression and anxiety that stemmed from her illness, the team helped Aly find additional outlets for her stress. She began seeing the team’s chaplain to discuss ...

  18. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... three-year-old Aly Becker lives with the symptoms of multiple diagnoses including Churg Strauss syndrome and ... diagnosed with Juvenile Arthritis. Despite receiving treatment, her symptoms worsened. She began to lose significant weight and ...

  19. Disease: H00897 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available been reported. All subtypes share common characteristics, including hypoplasia/atrophy of cerebellum and pons, progressive microceph...aly, and variable cerebral involvement. Mutations in thr

  20. Videos, Podcasts and Livechats

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Quiz Videos, Podcasts and Livechats Living Well with Serious Illness: Aly’s Palliative Care Story August, 2016 Navigating ... anyone. Imagine spending those pivotal years with a serious illness. Twenty-three-year-old Aly Becker lives ...

  1. Baclofen, a GABABR agonist, ameliorates immune-complex mediated acute lung injury by modulating pro-inflammatory mediators.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shunying Jin

    Full Text Available Immune-complexes play an important role in the inflammatory diseases of the lung. Neutrophil activation mediates immune-complex (IC deposition-induced acute lung injury (ALI. Components of gamma amino butyric acid (GABA signaling, including GABA B receptor 2 (GABABR2, GAD65/67 and the GABA transporter, are present in the lungs and in the neutrophils. However, the role of pulmonary GABABR activation in the context of neutrophil-mediated ALI has not been determined. Thus, the objective of the current study was to determine whether administration of a GABABR agonist, baclofen would ameliorate or exacerbate ALI. We hypothesized that baclofen would regulate IC-induced ALI by preserving pulmonary GABABR expression. Rats were subjected to sham injury or IC-induced ALI and two hours later rats were treated intratracheally with saline or 1 mg/kg baclofen for 2 additional hours and sacrificed. ALI was assessed by vascular leakage, histology, TUNEL, and lung caspase-3 cleavage. ALI increased total protein, tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α and interleukin-1 receptor associated protein (IL-1R AcP, in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF. Moreover, ALI decreased lung GABABR2 expression, increased phospho-p38 MAPK, promoted IκB degradation and increased neutrophil influx in the lung. Administration of baclofen, after initiation of ALI, restored GABABR expression, which was inhibited in the presence of a GABABR antagonist, CGP52432. Baclofen administration activated pulmonary phospho-ERK and inhibited p38 MAPK phosphorylation and IκB degradation. Additionally, baclofen significantly inhibited pro-inflammatory TNF-α and IL-1βAcP release and promoted BAL neutrophil apoptosis. Protective effects of baclofen treatment on ALI were possibly mediated by inhibition of TNF-α- and IL-1β-mediated inflammatory signaling. Interestingly, GABABR2 expression was regulated in the type II pneumocytes in lung tissue sections from lung injured patients, further suggesting

  2. Crocin attenuates lipopolysacchride-induced acute lung injury in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Jian WANG; Kuai, Jianke; Luo, Zhonghua; Wang, Wuping; Wang, Lei; Ke, Changkang; LI, XIAOFEI; Ni, Yunfeng

    2015-01-01

    Crocin, a representative of carotenoid compounds, exerts a spectrum of activities including radical scavenger, anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties. To investigate the protective effect of crocin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. ALI was induced in mice by intratracheal instillation of LPS (1 mg/kg). The mice received intragastric injection of crocin (50 mg/kg) 1 h before LPS administration. Pulmonary histological changes were evaluated by hematox...

  3. Plasma levels of surfactant protein D and KL-6 for evaluation of lung injury in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients

    OpenAIRE

    Slutsky Arthur S; Zhang Haibo; Haitsma Jack J; Royakkers Annick ANM; Determann Rogier M; Ranieri V Marco; Schultz Marcus J

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Preventing ventilator-associated lung injury (VALI) has become pivotal in mechanical ventilation of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) or its more severe form, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In the present study we investigated whether plasma levels of lung-specific biological markers can be used to evaluate lung injury in patients with ALI/ARDS and patients without lung injury at onset of mechanical ventilation. Methods Plasma levels of surfactant protein ...

  4. Izbrane fizikalne lastnosti lesnih premazov z dodanimi nano delci

    OpenAIRE

    Česnik, Grega

    2014-01-01

    Na vzorce iz masivnega ali modificiranega lesa hrasta in bukve ter na iverne plošče, furnirane s hrastovim ali bukovim furnirjem, smo nanesli temeljne in končne premaze 2 različnih proizvajalcev. Nekatere površine so bile že predhodno industrijsko lužene oziroma so imele že nanesen temeljni sloj. Vzorcem smo najprej izmerili debelino suhih filmov

  5. Comparative Neuroprotective Effects of Dexamethasone and Minocycline during Hepatic Encephalopathy

    OpenAIRE

    Maha Gamal; Zainab Abdel Wahab; Mohamed Eshra; Laila Rashed; Nivin Sharawy

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Encephalopathy and brain edema are serious complications of acute liver injury and may lead to rapid death of patients. The present study was designed to investigate the role of the inflammatory mediators and oxidative stress in the cytotoxic brain oedema and the neuroprotective effects of both minocycline and dexamethasone. Methods. 48 male albino rats were divided into 4 groups: control group, acute liver injury (ALI) group, minocycline pretreated ALI group, and dexamethasone...

  6. Dramatisk og farverig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haarder, Jon Helt

    2007-01-01

    Khaled Hosseini: UNDER EN STRÅLENDE SOL (A Thousand Splendid Suns) Oversat fra amerikansk af Alis Friis Caspersen 320 sider, 299,95 kr. Cicero UDKOMMER I DAG. Fire stjerner Udgivelsesdato: 22.05......Khaled Hosseini: UNDER EN STRÅLENDE SOL (A Thousand Splendid Suns) Oversat fra amerikansk af Alis Friis Caspersen 320 sider, 299,95 kr. Cicero UDKOMMER I DAG. Fire stjerner Udgivelsesdato: 22.05...

  7. Reverse-migrated neutrophils regulated by JAM-C are involved in acute pancreatitis-associated lung injury

    OpenAIRE

    Deqing Wu; Yue Zeng; Yuting Fan; Jianghong Wu; Tunike Mulatibieke; Jianbo Ni; Ge Yu; Rong Wan; Xingpeng Wang; Guoyong Hu

    2016-01-01

    Junctional adhesion molecule-C (JAM-C) plays a key role in the promotion of the reverse transendothelial migration (rTEM) of neutrophils, which contributes to the dissemination of systemic inflammation and to secondary organ damage. During acute pancreatitis (AP), systemic inflammatory responses lead to distant organ damage and typically result in acute lung injury (ALI). Here, we investigated the role of rTEM neutrophils in AP-associated ALI and the molecular mechanisms by which JAM-C regula...

  8. Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells reduce systemic inflammation and attenuate LPS-induced acute lung injury in rats

    OpenAIRE

    Li Jianjun; Li Dong; Liu Xiaomei; Tang Shuhai; Wei Fengcai

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess potent immunomodulatory properties and simultaneously lack the ability to illicit immune responses. Hence, MSCs have emerged as a promising candidate for cellular therapeutics for inflammatory diseases. Within the context of this study, we investigated whether human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) could ameliorate lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) induced acute lung injury (ALI) in a rat model. Methods ALI was induced ...

  9. Radiological anatomy of the C7 vertebra: Clinical implications in spine surgery.

    OpenAIRE

    Fatih Keskin; Fatih Erdi; Alaaddin Nayman; Ozan Babaoglu; Kalkan Erdal; Ali Fahir Ozer

    2015-01-01

    Radiological anatomy of the C7 vertebra: Clinical implications in spine surgery Fatih Keskin, Fatih Erdi, Alaaddin Nayman, Ozan Babaoglu, Kalkan Erdal and Ali Ozer Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine. 6.1 (January-March 2015): p30. Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2015 Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd. http://www.jcvjs.com/ Full Text: Byline: Fatih. Keskin, Fatih. Erdi, Alaaddin. Nayman, Ozan. Babaoglu, Kalkan. Erdal, Ali. Ozer Context: This study was designed to understand and define th...

  10. Traditional Chinese medicine, Qing Ying Tang, ameliorates the severity of acute lung injury induced by severe acute pancreatitis in rats via the upregulation of aquaporin-1

    OpenAIRE

    GAO, ZHENMING; Xu, Junfeng; Sun, Deguang; ZHANG, Rixin; LIANG, RUI; Wang, Liming; Fan, Rong

    2014-01-01

    Aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) is expressed in lung endothelial cells and regulates water transport; thus, AQP-1 plays an important role in a number of edema-associated lung diseases. Qing Yin Tang (QYT), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to effectively reduce the mortality rate of acute lung injury (ALI) induced by severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The current study aimed to investigate the detailed mechanisms underlying the effects of QYT on ALI induced by SAP, particularly the effects on ...

  11. The molecular fingerprint of lung inflammation after blunt chest trauma

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrnthaller, Christian; Flierl, Michael; Perl, Mario; Denk, Stephanie; Unnewehr, Heike; Ward, Peter A.; Radermacher, Peter; Ignatius, Anita; Gebhard, Florian; Chinnaiyan, Arul; Huber-Lang, Markus

    2015-01-01

    Background After severe blunt chest trauma, the development of an acute lung injury (ALI) is often associated with severe or even lethal complications. Especially in multiple injured patients after blunt chest trauma ALI/ARDS [acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)] is frequent. However, in the initial posttraumatic phase, inflammatory clinical signs are often not apparent and underlying changes in gene-expression profile are unknown. Methods Therefore, inflammation in lung tissue followi...

  12. Spred-2 Deficiency Exacerbates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Inflammation in Mice

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Xu; Toshihiro Ito; Soichiro Fushimi; Sakuma Takahashi; Junya Itakura; Ryojiro Kimura; Miwa Sato; Megumi Mino; Akihiko Yoshimura; Akihiro Matsukawa

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe and life-threatening acute lung injury (ALI) that is caused by noxious stimuli and pathogens. ALI is characterized by marked acute inflammation with elevated alveolar cytokine levels. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are involved in cytokine production, but the mechanisms that regulate these pathways remain poorly characterized. Here, we focused on the role of Sprouty-related EVH1-domain-containing protein (Spr...

  13. Genome Wide Association Identifies PPFIA1 as a Candidate Gene for Acute Lung Injury Risk Following Major Trauma

    OpenAIRE

    Christie, Jason D.; Wurfel, Mark M.; Feng, Rui; O'Keefe, Grant E; Bradfield, Jonathan; Ware, Lorraine B.; Calfee, Carolyn S.; Matthay, Michael; Meyer, Nuala J.; Kim, Cecilia; Li, Mingyao; Akey, Joshua; Barnes, Kathleen C.; Sevransky, Jonathan; Lanken, Paul N

    2012-01-01

    Acute Lung Injury (ALI) is a syndrome with high associated mortality characterized by severe hypoxemia and pulmonary infiltrates in patients with critical illness. We conducted the first investigation to use the genome wide association (GWA) approach to identify putative risk variants for ALI. Genome wide genotyping was performed using the Illumina Human Quad 610 BeadChip. We performed a two-stage GWA study followed by a third stage of functional characterization. In the discovery phase (Phas...

  14. Prostacyclin-Inhalation in Kombination mit Almitrine zur Therapie des akuten Lungenversagens

    OpenAIRE

    Kurth, Roland

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this prospective controlled animal study was to investigate a possible additive effect of combined inhaled prostacycline and intravenous almitrine bismesylate (ALM) on pulmonary ventilation-perfusion ratio in acute lung injury (ALI) compared to inhaled prostacycline or intravenous ALM alone. Experimental ALI was established in all 24 pigs (weighing 30+/-3 kg) by repeated lung lavage. Animals were randomly assigned to receive either 25 ng/kg/min inhaled prostacycline alone, 1 µg/kg/...

  15. Recurrent Arterial Thrombosis as a Presenting Feature of a Variant M3-Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

    OpenAIRE

    Chotai, Pranit N.; Kasangana, Kalenda; Abhinav B. Chandra; Atul S Rao

    2016-01-01

    Acute limb ischemia (ALI) is a common vascular emergency. Hematologic malignancies are commonly associated with derangement of normal hemostasis and thrombo-hemorrhagic symptoms during the course of the disease are common. However, ALI as an initial presenting feature of acute leukemia is rare. Due to the rarity of this presentation, there is a scarcity of prospective randomized data to optimally guide the management of these patients. Current knowledge is mainly based on isolated cases. We r...

  16. Liver cold preservation induce lung surfactant changes and acute lung injury in rat liver transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    An Jiang; Chang Liu; Feng Liu; Yu-Long Song; Quan-Yuan Li; Liang Yu; Yi Lv

    2012-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the relationship between donor liver cold preservation, lung surfactant (LS) changes and acute lung injury (ALI) after liver transplantation. METHODS: Liver transplantation models were established using male Wistar rats. Donor livers were preserved in University of Wisconsin solution at 4  °C for different lengths of time. The effect of ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) on ALI was also detected. All samples were harvested after 3 h reperfusion. ...

  17. HIF-1 mediates pathogenic inflammatory responses to intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury

    OpenAIRE

    Feinman, Rena; Deitch, Edwin A.; Watkins, Anthony C.; Abungu, Billy; Colorado, Iriana; Kannan, Kolenkode B.; Sheth, Sharvil U.; Caputo, Francis J.; Lu, Qi; Ramanathan, Madhuri; Attan, Shirhan; Badami, Chirag D.; Doucet, Danielle; Barlos, Dimitrios; Bosch-Marce, Marta

    2010-01-01

    Acute lung injury (ALI) and the development of the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) are major causes of death in trauma patients. Gut inflammation and loss of gut barrier function as a consequence of splanchnic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) have been implicated as the initial triggering events that contribute to the development of the systemic inflammatory response, ALI, and MODS. Since hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1) is a key regulator of the physiological and pathophysiological resp...

  18. Proportional assistierte Spontanatmung mit automatischer Tubuskompensation versus druckunterstützte Spontanatmung bei experimentell induziertem akuten Lungenversagen

    OpenAIRE

    Bensberg, Ralf

    2010-01-01

    It has been suggested, that the preservation of some degree of spontaneous breathing might be advantageous in acute respiratory distress. Therefore, proportional assisted ventilation with automatic tube compensation (PAV/ATC) and pressure support ventilation (PSV) were compared in an animal model of acute lung injury (ALI) regarding gas exchange, haemodynamics and ventilation-perfusion distribution. Using repetitive bronchoalveolar lavage manoeuvre, ALI was induced in 20 pigs until PaO2/FiO2 ...

  19. Neuregulin-1-Human Epidermal Receptor-2 Signaling Is a Central Regulator of Pulmonary Epithelial Permeability and Acute Lung Injury*

    OpenAIRE

    Finigan, James H.; Faress, Jihane A.; Wilkinson, Emily; Mishra, Rangnath S.; Nethery, David E.; Wyler, David; Shatat, Mohammad; Ware, Lorraine B.; Matthay, Michael A.; Mason, Robert; Silver, Richard F.; Kern, Jeffrey A.

    2011-01-01

    The mechanisms behind the loss of epithelial barrier function leading to alveolar flooding in acute lung injury (ALI) are incompletely understood. We hypothesized that the tyrosine kinase receptor human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) would be activated in an inflammatory setting and participate in ALI. Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) exposure resulted in HER2 activation in human epithelial cells and markedly increased conductance across a monolayer of airway epithelial cells. Upon HER2 bloc...

  20. ISKANJE IN REALIZACIJA NOVIH POSLOVNIH IDEJ ZA REŠEVANJE »GRADBENEGA PODJETJA« V TEŽAVAH

    OpenAIRE

    Cerovec, Marija

    2012-01-01

    Stalne spremembe na trgu vplivajo na podjetja, da neprenehoma ustvarjajo nove proizvode ali storitve. Podjetja, ki tem spremembam sledijo, v njih prepoznavajo nove priložnosti za svoj razvoj. Razvoj podjetja je povezan z dejstvom, da podjetje spodbuja inovatinovst v svojih poslovnih procesih in ustvarja dodano vrednost v svojih izdekih in storitvah. Prvi pogoj za ustvarjalnost v podjetju je ustvarjalni in inovativni vodstveni kader ali podjetnik, ki bo znal prepričati svoje zaposlene, da spr...