Computer algebra and operators
Fateman, Richard; Grossman, Robert
1989-01-01
The symbolic computation of operator expansions is discussed. Some of the capabilities that prove useful when performing computer algebra computations involving operators are considered. These capabilities may be broadly divided into three areas: the algebraic manipulation of expressions from the algebra generated by operators; the algebraic manipulation of the actions of the operators upon other mathematical objects; and the development of appropriate normal forms and simplification algorithms for operators and their actions. Brief descriptions are given of the computer algebra computations that arise when working with various operators and their actions.
Krichever, Igor M.; Sheinman, Oleg K.
2007-01-01
In this paper we develop a general concept of Lax operators on algebraic curves introduced in [1]. We observe that the space of Lax operators is closed with respect to their usual multiplication as matrix-valued functions. We construct the orthogonal and symplectic analogs of Lax operators, prove that they constitute almost graded Lie algebras and construct local central extensions of those Lie algebras.
Simple Algebras of Invariant Operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xiaorong Shen; J.D.H. Smith
2001-01-01
Comtrans algebras were introduced in as algebras with two trilinear operators, a commutator [x, y, z] and a translator , which satisfy certain identities. Previously known simple comtrans algebras arise from rectangular matrices, simple Lie algebras, spaces equipped with a bilinear form having trivial radical, spaces of hermitian operators over a field with a minimum polynomial x2+1. This paper is about generalizing the hermitian case to the so-called invariant case. The main result of this paper shows that the vector space of n-dimensional invariant operators furnishes some comtrans algebra structures, which are simple provided that certain Jordan and Lie algebras are simple.
Operator theory, operator algebras and applications
Lebre, Amarino; Samko, Stefan; Spitkovsky, Ilya
2014-01-01
This book consists of research papers that cover the scientific areas of the International Workshop on Operator Theory, Operator Algebras and Applications, held in Lisbon in September 2012. The volume particularly focuses on (i) operator theory and harmonic analysis (singular integral operators with shifts; pseudodifferential operators, factorization of almost periodic matrix functions; inequalities; Cauchy type integrals; maximal and singular operators on generalized Orlicz-Morrey spaces; the Riesz potential operator; modification of Hadamard fractional integro-differentiation), (ii) operator algebras (invertibility in groupoid C*-algebras; inner endomorphisms of some semi group, crossed products; C*-algebras generated by mappings which have finite orbits; Folner sequences in operator algebras; arithmetic aspect of C*_r SL(2); C*-algebras of singular integral operators; algebras of operator sequences) and (iii) mathematical physics (operator approach to diffraction from polygonal-conical screens; Poisson geo...
Operator product expansion algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holland, Jan [CPHT, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris-Palaiseau (France)
2014-07-01
The Operator Product Expansion (OPE) is a theoretical tool for studying the short distance behaviour of products of local quantum fields. Over the past 40 years, the OPE has not only found widespread computational application in high-energy physics, but, on a more conceptual level, it also encodes fundamental information on algebraic structures underlying quantum field theories. I review new insights into the status and properties of the OPE within Euclidean perturbation theory, addressing in particular the topics of convergence and ''factorisation'' of the expansion. Further, I present a formula for the ''deformation'' of the OPE algebra caused by a quartic interaction. This formula can be used to set up a novel iterative scheme for the perturbative computation of OPE coefficients, based solely on the zeroth order coefficients (and renormalisation conditions) as initial input.
ALGEBRAIC EXTENSION OF *-A OPERATOR
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
左红亮; 左飞
2014-01-01
In this paper, we study various properties of algebraic extension of∗-A operator. Specifically, we show that every algebraic extension of∗-A operator has SVEP and is isoloid. And if T is an algebraic extension of∗-A operator, then Weyl’s theorem holds for f (T ), where f is an analytic functions on some neighborhood of σ(T ) and not constant on each of the components of its domain.
Operator product expansion algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Holland, Jan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Hollands, Stefan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Brüderstr. 16, Leipzig, D-04103 (Germany)
2013-07-15
We establish conceptually important properties of the operator product expansion (OPE) in the context of perturbative, Euclidean φ{sup 4}-quantum field theory. First, we demonstrate, generalizing earlier results and techniques of hep-th/1105.3375, that the 3-point OPE,
Operation of Algebraic Fractions
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
<正>The first step in factorizing algebraic expressions is to take out the common factors of all the terms of the expression.For example,2x~2+14x+24=2(x~2+7x+12)=2(x+3)(x+4) The three identities are also useful in factorizing some quadratic expressions:
Finite dimensional quotients of commutative operator algebras
Meyer, Ralf
1997-01-01
The matrix normed structure of the unitization of a (non-selfadjoint) operator algebra is determined by that of the original operator algebra. This yields a classification up to completely isometric isomorphism of two-dimensional unital operator algebras. This allows to define invariant distances on the spectrum of commutative operator algebras analogous to the Caratheodory distance for complex manifolds. Moreover, unitizations of two-dimensional operator algebras with zero multiplication pro...
Central extensions of Lax operator algebras
Schlichenmaier, M.; Sheinman, O. K.
2008-08-01
Lax operator algebras were introduced by Krichever and Sheinman as a further development of Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves. These are almost-graded Lie algebras of current type. In this paper local cocycles and associated almost-graded central extensions of Lax operator algebras are classified. It is shown that in the case when the corresponding finite-dimensional Lie algebra is simple the two-cohomology space is one-dimensional. An important role is played by the action of the Lie algebra of meromorphic vector fields on the Lax operator algebra via suitable covariant derivatives.
Finite dimensional quotients of commutative operator algebras
Meyer, R
1997-01-01
The matrix normed structure of the unitization of a (non-selfadjoint) operator algebra is determined by that of the original operator algebra. This yields a classification up to completely isometric isomorphism of two-dimensional unital operator algebras. This allows to define invariant distances on the spectrum of commutative operator algebras analogous to the Caratheodory distance for complex manifolds. Moreover, unitizations of two-dimensional operator algebras with zero multiplication provide a rich class of counterexamples. Especially, several badly behaved quotients of function algebras are exhibited. Recently, Arveson has developed a model theory for d-contractions. Quotients of the operator algebra of the d-shift are much more well-behaved than quotients of function algebras. Completely isometric representations of these quotients are obtained explicitly. This provides a generalization of Nevanlinna-Pick theory. An important property of quotients of the d-shift algebra is that their quotients of finit...
Very true operators on MTL-algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Wang Jun Tao
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to investigate very true MTL-algebras and prove the completeness of the very true MTL-logic. In this paper, the concept of very true operators on MTL-algebras is introduced and some related properties are investigated. Also, conditions for an MTL-algebra to be an MV-algebra and a Gödel algebra are given via this operator. Moreover, very true filters on very true MTL-algebras are studied. In particular, subdirectly irreducible very true MTL-algebras are characterized and an analogous of representation theorem for very true MTL-algebras is proved. Then, the left and right stabilizers of very true MTL-algebras are introduced and some related properties are given. As applications of stabilizer of very true MTL-algebras, we produce a basis for a topology on very true MTL-algebras and show that the generated topology by this basis is Baire, connected, locally connected and separable. Finally, the corresponding logic very true MTL-logic is constructed and the soundness and completeness of this logic are proved based on very true MTL-algebras.
On ultraproducts of operator algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI; Weihua
2005-01-01
Some basic questions on ultraproducts of C*-algebras and yon Neumann algebras, including the relation to K-theory of C*-algebras are considered. More specifically,we prove that under certain conditions, the K-groups of ultraproduct of C*-algebras are isomorphic to the ultraproduct of respective K-groups of C*-algebras. We also show that the ultraproducts of factors of type Ⅱ1 are prime, i.e. not isomorphic to any non-trivial tensor product.
Lectures on algebraic quantum field theory and operator algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schroer, Bert [Berlin Univ. (Germany). Institut fuer Theoretische Physik. E-mail: schroer@cbpf.br
2001-04-01
In this series of lectures directed towards a mainly mathematically oriented audience I try to motivate the use of operator algebra methods in quantum field theory. Therefore a title as why mathematicians are/should be interested in algebraic quantum field theory would be equally fitting. besides a presentation of the framework and the main results of local quantum physics these notes may serve as a guide to frontier research problems in mathematical. (author)
Multiplication operators on Sobolev disk algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG; Zongyao
2005-01-01
In this paper, we study the algebra consisting of analytic functions in the Sobolev space W2,2(D) (D is the unit disk), called the Sobolev disk algebra, explore the properties of the multiplication operators Mf on it and give the characterization of the commutant algebra A'(Mf) of Mf. We show that A'(Mf) is commutative if and only if Mf* is a Cowen-Douglas operator of index 1.
Dispersion Operators Algebra and Linear Canonical Transformations
Andriambololona, Raoelina; Ranaivoson, Ravo Tokiniaina; Hasimbola Damo Emile, Randriamisy; Rakotoson, Hanitriarivo
2017-02-01
This work intends to present a study on relations between a Lie algebra called dispersion operators algebra, linear canonical transformation and a phase space representation of quantum mechanics that we have introduced and studied in previous works. The paper begins with a brief recall of our previous works followed by the description of the dispersion operators algebra which is performed in the framework of the phase space representation. Then, linear canonical transformations are introduced and linked with this algebra. A multidimensional generalization of the obtained results is given.
Central extensions of Lax operator algebras
Schlichenmaier, Martin; Sheinman, Oleg K.
2007-01-01
Lax operator algebras were introduced by Krichever and Sheinman as a further development of I.Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves. These are almost-graded Lie algebras of current type. In this article local cocycles and associated almost-graded central extensions are classified. It is shown that in the case that the corresponding finite-dimensional Lie algebra is simple the two-cohomology space is one-dimensional. An important role is played by the action of the Lie algebr...
Weighted composition operators and locally convex algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Edoardo; Vesentini
2005-01-01
The Gleason-Kahane-Zelazko theorem characterizes the continuous homomorphism of an associative, locally multiplicatively convex, sequentially complete algebra A into the field C among all linear forms on A. This characterization will be applied along two different directions. In the case in which A is a commutative Banach algebra, the theorem yields the representation of some classes of continuous linear maps A: A → A as weighted composition operators, or as composition operators when A is a continuous algebra endomorphism. The theorem will then be applied to explore the behaviour of continuous linear forms on quasi-regular elements, when A is either the algebra of all Hilbert-Schmidt operators or a Hilbert algebra.
Operator algebras for analytic varieties
Davidson, Kenneth R; Shalit, Orr Moshe
2012-01-01
We study the isomorphism problem for the multiplier algebras of irreducible complete Pick kernels. These are precisely the restrictions $\\cM_V$ of the multiplier algebra $\\cM$ of Drury-Arveson space to a holomorphic subvariety $V$ of the unit ball. The related algebras of continuous multipliers are also considered. We find that $\\cM_V$ is completely isometrically isomorphic to $\\cM_W$ if and only if $W$ is the image of $V$ under a biholomorphic automorphism of the ball. A similar condition characterizes when there exists a unital completely contractive homomorphism from $\\cM_V$ to $\\cM_W$. If one of the varieties is a homogeneous algebraic variety, then isometric isomorphism is shown to imply completely isometric isomorphism of the algebras. The problem of characterizing when two such algebras are (algebraically) isomorphic is also studied. It is shown that if there is an isomorphism between $\\cM_V$ and $\\cM_W$, then there is a biholomorphism (with multiplier coordinates) between the varieties. We present a n...
Lax operator algebras and Hamiltonian integrable hierarchies
Sheinman, Oleg K.
2009-01-01
We consider the theory of Lax equations in complex simple and reductive classical Lie algebras with the spectral parameter on a Riemann surface of finite genus. Our approach is based on the new objects -- the Lax operator algebras, and develops the approach of I.Krichever treating the $\\gl(n)$ case. For every Lax operator considered as the mapping sending a point of the cotangent bundle on the space of extended Tyrin data to an element of the corresponding Lax operator algebra we construct th...
TOEPLITZ OPERATORS AND ALGEBRAS ON DIRICHLET SPACES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The automorphism group of the Toeplitz C*- algebra,J(C1),generated by Toeplitz operators with C1-symbols on Dirichlet space D is discussed; the K0,K1-groups and the first cohomology group of J(C1) are computed.In addition,the author proves that the spectra of Toeplitz operators with C1-symbols are always connected,and discusses the algebraic properties of Toeplitz operators.In particular,it is proved that there is no nontrivial selfadjoint Toeplitz operator on D and T* = T if and only if T is a scalar operator.
Duality theories for Boolean algebras with operators
Givant, Steven
2014-01-01
In this new text, Steven Givant—the author of several acclaimed books, including works co-authored with Paul Halmos and Alfred Tarski—develops three theories of duality for Boolean algebras with operators. Givant addresses the two most recognized dualities (one algebraic and the other topological) and introduces a third duality, best understood as a hybrid of the first two. This text will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the fields of mathematics, computer science, logic, and philosophy who are interested in exploring special or general classes of Boolean algebras with operators. Readers should be familiar with the basic arithmetic and theory of Boolean algebras, as well as the fundamentals of point-set topology.
C*-algebras and operator theory
Murphy, Gerald J
1990-01-01
This book constitutes a first- or second-year graduate course in operator theory. It is a field that has great importance for other areas of mathematics and physics, such as algebraic topology, differential geometry, and quantum mechanics. It assumes a basic knowledge in functional analysis but no prior acquaintance with operator theory is required.
Lax operator algebras and Hamiltonian integrable hierarchies
Sheinman, Oleg K
2009-01-01
We consider the theory of Lax equations in complex simple and reductive classical Lie algebras with the spectral parameter on a Riemann surface of finite genus. Our approach is based on the new objects -- the Lax operator algebras, and develops the approach of I.Krichever treating the $\\gl(n)$ case. For every Lax operator considered as the mapping sending a point of the cotangent bundle on the space of extended Tyrin data to an element of the corresponding Lax operator algebra we construct the hierarchy of mutually commuting flows given by Lax equations and prove that those are Hamiltonian with respect to the Krichever-Phong symplectic structure. The corresponding Hamiltonians give integrable finite-dimensional Hitchin-type systems. For example we derive elliptic $A_n$, $C_n$, $D_n$ Calogero-Moser systems in frame of our approach.
Lax operator algebras and Hamiltonian integrable hierarchies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sheinman, Oleg K [Steklov Mathematical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2011-02-28
This paper considers the theory of Lax equations with a spectral parameter on a Riemann surface, proposed by Krichever in 2001. The approach here is based on new objects, the Lax operator algebras, taking into consideration an arbitrary complex simple or reductive classical Lie algebra. For every Lax operator, regarded as a map sending a point of the cotangent bundle on the space of extended Tyurin data to an element of the corresponding Lax operator algebra, a hierarchy of mutually commuting flows given by the Lax equations is constructed, and it is proved that they are Hamiltonian with respect to the Krichever-Phong symplectic structure. The corresponding Hamiltonians give integrable finite-dimensional Hitchin-type systems. For example, elliptic A{sub n}, C{sub n}, and D{sub n} Calogero-Moser systems are derived in the framework of our approach. Bibliography: 13 titles.
Algebraic orders on $K_{0}$ and approximately finite operator algebras
Power, S C
1993-01-01
This is a revised and corrected version of a preprint circulated in 1990 in which various non-self-adjoint limit algebras are classified. The principal invariant is the scaled $K_0$ group together with the algebraic order on the scale induced by partial isometries in the algebra.
Almost-graded central extensions of Lax operator algebra
Schlichenmaier, Martin
2011-01-01
Lax operator algebras constitute a new class of infinite dimensional Lie algebras of geometric origin. More precisely, they are algebras of matrices whose entries are meromorphic functions on a compact Riemann surface. They generalize classical current algebras and current algebras of Krichever-Novikov type. Lax operators for $\\gl(n)$, with the spectral parameter on a Riemann surface, were introduced by Krichever. In joint works of Krichever and Sheinman their algebraic structure was revealed and extended to more general groups. These algebras are almost-graded. In this article their definition is recalled and classification and uniqueness results for almost-graded central extensions for this new class of algebras are presented. The explicit forms of the defining cocycles are given. If the finite-dimensional Lie algebra on which the Lax operator algebra is based is simple then, up to equivalence and rescaling of the central element, there is a unique non-trivial almost-graded central extension. These results ...
Primitive parallel operations for computational linear algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Panetta, J.
1985-01-01
This work is a small step in the direction of code portability over parallel and vector machines. The proposal consists of a style of programming and a set of parallel operators built over abstract data types. Objects and operators are directed to the Computational Linear Algebra area, although the principles of the proposal can be applied to any other area. A subset of the operators was implemented on a 64-processor, distributed memory MIMD machine, and the results are that computationally intensive operators achieve asymptotically optimal speed-ups, but data movement operators are inefficient, some even intrinsically sequential.
Classification of central extensions of Lax operator algebras
Schlichenmaier, Martin
2008-11-01
Lax operator algebras were introduced by Krichever and Sheinman as further developments of Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves. They are infinite dimensional Lie algebras of current type with meromorphic objects on compact Riemann surfaces (resp. algebraic curves) as elements. Here we report on joint work with Oleg Sheinman on the classification of their almost-graded central extensions. It turns out that in case that the finite-dimensional Lie algebra on which the Lax operator algebra is based on is simple there is a unique almost-graded central extension up to equivalence and rescaling of the central element.
Topological isomorphisms for some universal operator algebras
Hartz, Michael
2012-01-01
Let $I$ be a radical homogeneous ideal of complex polynomials in $d$ variables, and let $\\mathcal A_I$ be the norm-closed non-selfadjoint algebra generated by the compressions of the $d$-shift on Drury-Arveson space $H^2_d$ to the co-invariant subspace $H^2_d \\ominus I$. Then $\\mathcal A_I$ is the universal operator algebra for commuting row contractions subject to the relations in $I$. In this note, we study the question, under which conditions there are topological isomorphisms between two such algebras $\\mathcal A_I$ and $\\mathcal A_J$. We provide a positive answer to a conjecture of Davdison, Ramsey and Shalit: that $\\mathcal A_I$ and $\\mathcal A_J$ are topologically isomorphic if and only if there is an invertible linear map $A$ on $\\mathbb C^d$ which maps the vanishing locus of $J$ isometrically onto the vanishing locus of $I$. Most of the proof is devoted to showing that finite algebraic sums of full Fock spaces over subspaces of $\\mathbb C^d$ are closed. This allows us to show that the map $A$ induces...
The isomorphism problem for some universal operator algebras
Davidson, Kenneth R; Shalit, Orr Moshe
2010-01-01
This paper addresses the isomorphism problem for the universal operator algebras generated by a row contraction subject to homogeneous polynomial relations. We find that two such algebras are isometrically isomorphic if and only if the defining polynomial relations are the same up to a unitary change of variables, and that this happens if and only if the associated subproduct systems are isomorphic. The proof makes use of the complex analytic structure of the character space, together with some recent results on subproduct systems. Restricting attention to commutative operator algebras defined by radical relations yields strong resemblances with classical algebraic geometry. These commutative operator algebras turn out to be algebras of analytic functions on algebraic varieties. We prove a projective Nullstellensatz connecting closed ideals and their zero sets. Under some technical assumptions, we find that two such algebras are isomorphic as algebras if and only if they are similar, and we obtain a clear geo...
DERIVATIONS ON DIFFERENTIAL OPERATOR ALGEBRA AND WEYL ALGEBRA
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHENCAOYU
1996-01-01
Let L be an n-dimensional nilpotent Lie algebra with a basis{x1…,xn),and every xi acts as a locally nilpotent derivation on algebra A. This paper shows that there exists a set of derivations{y1,…,yn}on U(L) such that (A#U(L))#k{y,1,…,yn] is ismorphic to the Weyl algebra An(A).The author also uses the de4rivations to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for a finite dimesional Lie algebra to be nilpotent.
Rota-Baxter operators on Witt and Virasoro algebras
Gao, Xu; Liu, Ming; Bai, Chengming; Jing, Naihuan
2016-10-01
The homogeneous Rota-Baxter operators on the Witt and Virasoro algebras are classified. As applications, the induced solutions of the classical Yang-Baxter equation and the induced pre-Lie and PostLie algebra structures are obtained.
Anyons and matrix product operator algebras
Bultinck, N.; Mariën, M.; Williamson, D. J.; Şahinoğlu, M. B.; Haegeman, J.; Verstraete, F.
2017-03-01
Quantum tensor network states and more particularly projected entangled-pair states provide a natural framework for representing ground states of gapped, topologically ordered systems. The defining feature of these representations is that topological order is a consequence of the symmetry of the underlying tensors in terms of matrix product operators. In this paper, we present a systematic study of those matrix product operators, and show how this relates entanglement properties of projected entangled-pair states to the formalism of fusion tensor categories. From the matrix product operators we construct a C∗-algebra and find that topological sectors can be identified with the central idempotents of this algebra. This allows us to construct projected entangled-pair states containing an arbitrary number of anyons. Properties such as topological spin, the S matrix, fusion and braiding relations can readily be extracted from the idempotents. As the matrix product operator symmetries are acting purely on the virtual level of the tensor network, the ensuing Wilson loops are not fattened when perturbing the system, and this opens up the possibility of simulating topological theories away from renormalization group fixed points. We illustrate the general formalism for the special cases of discrete gauge theories and string-net models.
Sugawara construction and Casimir operators for Krichever-Novikov algebras
Schlichenmaier, M; Schlichenmaier, Martin; Sheinman, Oleg K
1995-01-01
We show how to obtain from highest weight representations of Krichever-Novikov algebras of affine type (also called higher genus affine Kac-Moody algebras) representations of centrally extended Krichever-Novikov vector field algebras via the Sugawara construction. This generalizes classical results where one obtains representations of the Virasoro algebra. Relations between the weights of the corresponding representations are given and Casimir operators are constructed. In an appendix the Sugawara construction for the multi-point situation is done.
RANK ONE OPERATORS AND TRIANGULAR ALGEBRAS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LuFangyan; IuShijie
1999-01-01
Abstract, In this paper, a necessary condition for a maximal triangular algebra to be closed is given, A necessary and sufficient condition for a maxima] triangular algebra to he strongly reducible is obtained,
Local characterisation of approximately finite operator algebras
Haworth, P. A.
2000-01-01
We show that the family of nest algebras with $r$ non-zero nest projections is stable, in the sense that an approximate containment of one such algebra within another is close to an exact containment. We use this result to give a local characterisation of limits formed from this family. We then consider quite general regular limit algebras and characterise these algebras using a local condition which reflects the assumed regularity of the system.
Rough Operations and Uncertainty Measures on MV-Algebras
Maosen Xie
2014-01-01
We define a lower approximate operation and an upper approximate operation based on a partition on MV-algebras and discuss their properties. We then introduce a belief measure and a plausibility measure on MV-algebras and investigate the relationship between rough operations and uncertainty measures.
Determinantal formulae for the Casimir operators of inhomogeneous Lie algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, Rutwig [Dpto. Geometria y Topologia, Fac CC Matematicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ciencias, 3, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2006-03-10
Contractions of Lie algebras are combined with the classical matrix method of Gel'fand to obtain matrix formulae for the Casimir operators of inhomogeneous Lie algebras. The method is presented for the inhomogeneous pseudo-unitary Lie algebras Iu(p,q). This procedure is extended to contractions of Iu(p,q) isomorphic to an extension by a derivation of the inhomogeneous special pseudo-unitary Lie algebras Isu(p-1,q), providing an additional analytical method to obtain their invariants. Further, matrix formulae for the invariants of other inhomogeneous Lie algebras are presented.
Differential and holomorphic differential operators on noncommutative algebras
Beggs, E.
2015-07-01
This paper deals with sheaves of differential operators on noncommutative algebras, in a manner related to the classical theory of D-modules. The sheaves are defined by quotienting the tensor algebra of vector fields (suitably deformed by a covariant derivative). As an example we can obtain enveloping algebra like relations for Hopf algebras with differential structures which are not bicovariant. Symbols of differential operators are defined, but not studied. These sheaves are shown to be in the center of a category of bimodules with flat bimodule covariant derivatives. Also holomorphic differential operators are considered.
Internal labelling operators and contractions of Lie algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, R [Dpto. GeometrIa y TopologIa, Fac. CC. Matematicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ciencias, 3, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2007-12-07
We analyse under which conditions the missing label problem associated with a reduction chain s' subset of s of (simple) Lie algebras can be completely solved by means of an Inoenue-Wigner contraction g naturally related to the embedding. This provides a new interpretation of the missing label operators in terms of the Casimir operators of the contracted algebra, and shows that the available labelling operators are not completely equivalent. Further, the procedure is used to obtain upper bounds for the number of invariants of affine Lie algebras arising as contractions of semi-simple algebras.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, R [Dpto. GeometrIa y TopologIa, Fac. CC. Matematicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ciencias, 3, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Low, S G [Austin, TX (United States)], E-mail: rutwig@mat.ucm.es, E-mail: Stephen.Low@alumni.utexas.net
2009-02-13
Given a semidirect product g=s oplus{sup {yields}} r of semisimple Lie algebras s and solvable algebras r, we construct polynomial operators in the enveloping algebra U(g) of g that commute with r and transform like the generators of s, up to a functional factor that turns out to be a Casimir operator of r. Such operators are said to generate a virtual copy of s in U(g), and allow us to compute the Casimir operators of g in a closed form, using the classical formulae for the invariants of s. The behavior of virtual copies with respect to contractions of Lie algebras is analyzed. Applications to the class of Hamilton algebras and their inhomogeneous extensions are given.
International Conference on Semigroups, Algebras and Operator Theory
Meakin, John; Rajan, A
2015-01-01
This book discusses recent developments in semigroup theory and its applications in areas such as operator algebras, operator approximations and category theory. All contributing authors are eminent researchers in their respective fields, from across the world. Their papers, presented at the 2014 International Conference on Semigroups, Algebras and Operator Theory in Cochin, India, focus on recent developments in semigroup theory and operator algebras. They highlight current research activities on the structure theory of semigroups as well as the role of semigroup theoretic approaches to other areas such as rings and algebras. The deliberations and discussions at the conference point to future research directions in these areas. This book presents 16 unpublished, high-quality and peer-reviewed research papers on areas such as structure theory of semigroups, decidability vs. undecidability of word problems, regular von Neumann algebras, operator theory and operator approximations. Interested researchers will f...
Schroedinger operators with the q-ladder symmetry algebras
Skorik, Sergei; Spiridonov, Vyacheslav
1994-01-01
A class of the one-dimensional Schroedinger operators L with the symmetry algebra LB(+/-) = q(+/-2)B(+/-)L, (B(+),B(-)) = P(sub N)(L), is described. Here B(+/-) are the 'q-ladder' operators and P(sub N)(L) is a polynomial of the order N. Peculiarities of the coherent states of this algebra are briefly discussed.
Boson permutation and parity operators: Lie algebra and applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campos, Richard A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, 250 Bedford Boulevard West, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)]. E-mail: richard.campos@mailaps.org; Gerry, Christopher C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Lehman College, City University of New York, 250 Bedford Boulevard West, Bronx, NY 10468-1589 (United States)
2006-08-14
We show that dichotomic permutation and parity operators for a two-dimensional boson system form an su(2) algebra with a unitary operator that relates, in quantum optics, to a balanced beamsplitter. The algebra greatly simplifies the input-output transformations of states through quantum nonlinear systems such as the Kerr interferometer or the kicked top.
Property ∏σ and tensor products of operator algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
In this paper, we introduce Property ∏σ of operator algebras and prove that nest subalgebras and the finite-width CSL subalgebras of arbitrary von Neumann algebras have Property ∏σ.Finally, we show that the tensor product formula alg ML1-(×)algNL2 = algM-(×)N(L1 (×) L2) holds for any two finite-width CSLs L1 and L2 in arbitrary von Neumann algebras M and N, respectively.
On algebraically integrable differential operators on an elliptic curve
Etingof, Pavel
2010-01-01
We discuss explicit classification of algebraically integrable (i.e., finite gap) differential operators on elliptic curves with one and several poles. After giving a new exposition of some known results (based on differential Galois theory), we describe a conjectural classification of third order algebraically integrable operators with one pole (obtained using Maple), in particular discovering new "isolated" ones, living on special elliptic curves defined over $\\Bbb Q$. We also discuss algebraically integrable operators with several poles, with and without symmetries, and connect them to elliptic Calogero-Moser systems (in the case with symmetries, to the crystallographic ones, introduced recently by Felder, Ma, Veselov, and the first author).
Algebraic characterization of RNA operations for DNA-based computation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI Shuchao
2004-01-01
Any RNA strand can be presented by a word in the language X*, where X={A,C,G,U}. By encoding A as 010, C as 000, G as 111, and U as 101, the RNA operations can be considered as the performance of concatenation, union, reverse, complement, in terms of the algebraic characterization. The concatenation and union play the roles of multiplication and addition over some algebraic structures, respectively. The rest of the operations turn out to be the homomorphisms or anti-homomorphisms of these algebraic structures. Using this technique, we find the relationship among these RNA operations.
ON FINITE RANK OPERATORS IN CSL ALGEBRAS Ⅲ
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ChenPeixin; LuShijie; TaoChangli
2002-01-01
In terms of the exactly nonzero partition,the reducible projection-system and correlation matrices, two characterizations for a rank three operator in a CSL algebra can be completely decomposed are given.
A spatial operator algebra for manipulator modeling and control
Rodriguez, G.; Kreutz, K.; Milman, M.
1988-01-01
A powerful new spatial operator algebra for modeling, control, and trajectory design of manipulators is discussed along with its implementation in the Ada programming language. Applications of this algebra to robotics include an operator representation of the manipulator Jacobian matrix; the robot dynamical equations formulated in terms of the spatial algebra, showing the complete equivalence between the recursive Newton-Euler formulations to robot dynamics; the operator factorization and inversion of the manipulator mass matrix which immediately results in O(N) recursive forward dynamics algorithms; the joint accelerations of a manipulator due to a tip contact force; the recursive computation of the equivalent mass matrix as seen at the tip of a manipulator; and recursive forward dynamics of a closed chain system. Finally, additional applications and current research involving the use of the spatial operator algebra are discussed in general terms.
Characterizations of Isomorphisms by Multiplicative Maps on Operator Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
安桂梅; 侯晋川
2001-01-01
In this paper, we discuss some multiplicative preservers and give some characterizations of isomorphisms or conjugate isomorphisms on B(X), where B(X) denotes the algebra of all bounded linear operators on a Banach space X.
The algebraic size of the family of injective operators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bernal-González Luis
2017-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a criterion for the existence of large linear algebras consisting, except for zero, of one-to-one operators on an infinite dimensional Banach space is provided. As a consequence, it is shown that every separable infinite dimensional Banach space supports a commutative infinitely generated free linear algebra of operators all of whose nonzero members are one-to-one. In certain cases, the assertion holds for nonseparable Banach spaces.
Dobrev, V K
2013-01-01
In the present paper we continue the project of systematic construction of invariant differential operators for non-compact semisimple Lie groups. Our starting points is the class of algebras, which we call 'conformal Lie algebras' (CLA), which have very similar properties to the conformal algebras of Minkowski space-time, though our aim is to go beyond this class in a natural way. For this we introduce the new notion of {\\it parabolic relation} between two non-compact semisimple Lie algebras g and g' that have the same complexification and possess maximal parabolic subalgebras with the same complexification. Thus, we consider the exceptional algebra E_{7(7)} which is parabolically related to the CLA E_{7(-25)}, the parabolic subalgebras including E_{6(6)} and E_{6(-6)} . Other interesting examples are the orthogonal algebras so(p,q) all of which are parabolically related to the conformal algebra so(n,2) with p+q=n+2, the parabolic subalgebras including the Lorentz subalgebra so(n-1,1) and its analogs so(p-1,...
Why Do the Quantum Observables Form a Jordan Operator Algebra?
Niestegge, Gerd
2010-01-01
The Jordan algebra structure of the bounded real quantum observables was recognized already in the early days of quantum mechanics. While there are plausible reasons for most parts of this structure, the existence of the distributive nonassociative multiplication operation is hard to justify from a physical or statistical point of view. Considering the non-Boolean extension of classical probabilities, presented in a recent paper, it is shown in this paper that such a multiplication operation can be derived from certain properties of the conditional probabilities and the observables, i.e., from postulates with a clear statistical interpretation. The well-known close relation between Jordan operator algebras and C*-algebras then provides the connection to the quantum-mechanical Hilbert space formalism, thus resulting in a novel axiomatic approach to general quantum mechanics that includes the types II and III von Neumann algebras.
On the Supercyclicity and Hypercyclicity of the Operator Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
B.YOUSEFI; H.REZAEI
2008-01-01
Let B(X) be the operator algebra for a separable infinite dimensional Hilbert space H,endowed with the strong operator topology or *-strong topology.We give sufficient conditions for a continuous linear mapping L:B(X) → B(X) to be supercyclic or *-supercyclic.In particular our condition implies the existence of an infinite dimensional subspace of supercyclic vectors for a mapping T on H.Hypercyclicity of the operator algebra with strong operator topology was studied by Chan and here we obtain an analogous result in the case of *-strong operator topology.
Algebraic Properties of Toeplitz Operators on the Polydisk
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bo Zhang
2011-01-01
Full Text Available We discuss some algebraic properties of Toeplitz operators on the Bergman space of the polydisk Dn. Firstly, we introduce Toeplitz operators with quasihomogeneous symbols and property (P. Secondly, we study commutativity of certain quasihomogeneous Toeplitz operators and commutators of diagonal Toeplitz operators. Thirdly, we discuss finite rank semicommutators and commutators of Toeplitz operators with quasihomogeneous symbols. Finally, we solve the finite rank product problem for Toeplitz operators on the polydisk.
An algebra of noncommutative differential operators and Sobolev spaces
Beggs, E J
2011-01-01
We consider differential operators over a noncommutative algebra $A$ generated by vector fields. This is shown to form an associative algebra of differential operators, and acts on $A$-modules $E$ with covariant derivative. For bimodule covariant derivatives on $E$, we consider a module map $U_E$ which classifies how similar to the classical case the bimodule covariant derivative is. If this module map vanishes, we give an action of differential operators on tensor products. This turns out to be quite simple, and is related to the braided shuffle product. However technical issues with tensor products mean that we are not yet able to give a form of Hopf algebroid structure to the algebra of differential operators. We end by using the repeated differentials given in the paper to give a definition of noncommutative Sobolev space.
Operator algebra of free conformal currents via twistors
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gelfond, O.A. [Institute of System Research of Russian Academy of Sciences, Nakhimovsky prospect 36-1, 117218 Moscow (Russian Federation); Vasiliev, M.A., E-mail: vasiliev@lpi.ru [I.E. Tamm Department of Theoretical Physics, Lebedev Physical Institute, Leninsky prospect 53, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
2013-11-21
Operator algebra of (not necessarily free) higher-spin conformal conserved currents in generalized matrix spaces, that include 3d Minkowski space–time as a particular case, is shown to be determined by an associative algebra M of functions on the twistor space. For free conserved currents, M is the universal enveloping algebra of the higher-spin algebra. Proposed construction greatly simplifies computation and analysis of correlators of conserved currents. Generating function for n-point functions of 3d (super)currents of all spins, built from N free constituent massless scalars and spinors, is obtained in a concise form of certain determinant. Our results agree with and extend earlier bulk computations in the HS AdS{sub 4}/CFT{sub 3} framework. Generating function for n-point functions of 4d conformal currents is also presented.
Helminck, G.F.; Helminck, A.G.; Panasenko, E.A.
2013-01-01
We split the algebra of pseudodifferential operators in two different ways into the direct sum of two Lie subalgebras and deform the set of commuting elements in one subalgebra in the direction of the other component. The evolution of these deformed elements leads to two compatible systems of Lax eq
Jorgensen, PET
1987-01-01
Historically, operator theory and representation theory both originated with the advent of quantum mechanics. The interplay between the subjects has been and still is active in a variety of areas.This volume focuses on representations of the universal enveloping algebra, covariant representations in general, and infinite-dimensional Lie algebras in particular. It also provides new applications of recent results on integrability of finite-dimensional Lie algebras. As a central theme, it is shown that a number of recent developments in operator algebras may be handled in a particularly e
Universal commutative operator algebras and transfer function realizations of polynomials
Jury, Michael T
2010-01-01
To each finite-dimensional operator space $E$ is associated a commutative operator algebra $UC(E)$, so that $E$ embeds completely isometrically in $UC(E)$ and any completely contractive map from $E$ to bounded operators on Hilbert space extends uniquely to a completely contractive homomorphism out of $UC(E)$. The unit ball of $UC(E)$ is characterized by a Nevanlinna factorization and transfer function realization. Examples related to multivariable von Neumann inequalities are discussed.
Algebraic Properties of Toeplitz Operators on the Pluriharmonic Bergman Space
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jingyu Yang
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study some algebraic properties of Toeplitz operators with radial or quasihomogeneous symbols on the pluriharmonic Bergman space. We first give the necessary and sufficient conditions for the product of two Toeplitz operators with radial symbols to be a Toeplitz operator and discuss the zero-product problem for several Toeplitz operators with radial symbols. Next, we study the finite-rank product problem of several Toeplitz operators with quasihomogeneous symbols. Finally, we also investigate finite rank commutators and semicommutators of two Toeplitz operators with quasihomogeneous symbols.
Robot Control Based On Spatial-Operator Algebra
Rodriguez, Guillermo; Kreutz, Kenneth K.; Jain, Abhinandan
1992-01-01
Method for mathematical modeling and control of robotic manipulators based on spatial-operator algebra providing concise representation and simple, high-level theoretical frame-work for solution of kinematical and dynamical problems involving complicated temporal and spatial relationships. Recursive algorithms derived immediately from abstract spatial-operator expressions by inspection. Transition from abstract formulation through abstract solution to detailed implementation of specific algorithms to compute solution greatly simplified. Complicated dynamical problems like two cooperating robot arms solved more easily.
The Algebra of the Cumulative Percent Operation.
Berry, Andrew J.
2002-01-01
Discusses how to help students avoid some pervasive reasoning errors in solving cumulative percent problems. Discusses the meaning of ."%+b%." the additive inverse of ."%." and other useful applications. Emphasizes the operational aspect of the cumulative percent concept. (KHR)
Semicrossed products of operator algebras and their C*-envelopes
Kakariadis, Evgenios
2010-01-01
Let $\\A$ be a unital operator algebra and let $\\alpha$ be an automorphism of $\\A$ that extends to a *-automorphism of its $\\ca$-envelope $\\cenv (\\A)$. In this paper we introduce the isometric semicrossed product $\\A \\times_{\\alpha}^{\\is} \\bbZ^+ $ and we show that $\\cenv(\\A \\times_{\\alpha}^{\\is} \\bbZ^+) \\simeq \\cenv (\\A) \\times_{\\alpha} \\bbZ$. In contrast, the $\\ca$-envelope of the familiar contractive semicrossed product $\\A \\times_{\\alpha} \\bbZ^+ $ may not equal $\\cenv (\\A) \\times_{\\alpha} \\bbZ$. Our main tool for calculating $\\ca$-envelopes for semicrossed products is the concept of a relative semicrossed product of an operator algebra, which we explore in the more general context of injective endomorphisms. As an application, we extend a recent result of Davidson and Katsoulis to tensor algebras of $\\ca$-correspondences. We show that if $\\T_{\\X}^{+}$ is the tensor algebra of a $\\ca$-correspondence $(\\X, \\fA)$ and $\\alpha$ a completely isometric automorphism of $\\T_{\\X}^{+}$ that fixes the diagonal elementw...
ALGEBRAIC METHODS IN PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL OPERATORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Djilali Behloul
2005-01-01
In this paper we build a class of partial differential operators L having the following property: if u is a meromorphic function in Cn and Lu is a rational function A/q, with q homogenous, then u is also a rational function.
On String Topology Operations and Algebraic Structures on Hochschild Complexes
Rivera, Manuel
The field of string topology is concerned with the algebraic structure of spaces of paths and loops on a manifold. It was born with Chas and Sullivan's observation of the fact that the intersection product on the homology of a smooth manifold M can be combined with the concatenation product on the homology of the based loop space on M to obtain a new product on the homology of LM, the space of free loops on M. Since then, a vast family of operations on the homology of LM have been discovered. In this thesis we focus our attention on a non trivial coproduct of degree 1--dim(M) on the homology of LM modulo constant loops. This coproduct was described by Sullivan on chains on general position and by Goresky and Hingston in a Morse theory context. We give a Thom-Pontryagin type description for the coproduct. Using this description we show that the resulting coalgebra is an invariant on the oriented homotopy type of the underlying manifold. The coproduct together with the loop product induce an involutive Lie bialgebra structure on the S 1-equivariant homology of LM modulo constant loops. It follows from our argument that this structure is an oriented homotopy invariant as well. There is also an algebraic theory of string topology which is concerned with the structure of Hochschild complexes of DG Frobenius algebras and their homotopy versions. We make several observations about the algebraic theory around products, coproducts and their compatibilities. In particular, we describe a BV-coalgebra structure on the coHochschild complex of a DG cocommutative Frobenius coalgebra. Some conjectures and partial results regarding homotopy versions of this structure are discussed. Finally, we explain how Poincare duality may be incorporated into Chen's theory of iterated integrals to relate the geometrically constructed string topology operations to algebraic structures on Hochschild complexes.
Operator Algebras and Noncommutative Geometric Aspects in Conformal Field Theory
Longo, Roberto
2010-03-01
The Operator Algebraic approach to Conformal Field Theory has been particularly fruitful in recent years (leading for example to the classification of all local conformal nets on the circle with central charge c < 1, jointly with Y. Kawahigashi). On the other hand the Operator Algebraic viewpoint offers a natural perspective for a Noncommutative Geometric context within Conformal Field Theory. One basic point here is to uncover the relevant structures. In this talk I will explain some of the basic steps in this "Noncommutative Geometrization program" up to the recent construction of a spectral triple associated with certain Ramond representations of the Supersymmetric Virasoro net. So Alain Connes framework enters into play. This is a joint work with S. Carpi, Y. Kawahigashi, and R. Hillier.
Analysis on singular spaces: Lie manifolds and operator algebras
Nistor, Victor
2016-07-01
We discuss and develop some connections between analysis on singular spaces and operator algebras, as presented in my sequence of four lectures at the conference Noncommutative geometry and applications, Frascati, Italy, June 16-21, 2014. Therefore this paper is mostly a survey paper, but the presentation is new, and there are included some new results as well. In particular, Sections 3 and 4 provide a complete short introduction to analysis on noncompact manifolds that is geared towards a class of manifolds-called "Lie manifolds" -that often appears in practice. Our interest in Lie manifolds is due to the fact that they provide the link between analysis on singular spaces and operator algebras. The groupoids integrating Lie manifolds play an important background role in establishing this link because they provide operator algebras whose structure is often well understood. The initial motivation for the work surveyed here-work that spans over close to two decades-was to develop the index theory of stratified singular spaces. Meanwhile, several other applications have emerged as well, including applications to Partial Differential Equations and Numerical Methods. These will be mentioned only briefly, however, due to the lack of space. Instead, we shall concentrate on the applications to Index theory.
The noncommutative Choquet boundary III: Operator systems in matrix algebras
Arveson, William
2008-01-01
We classify operator systems $S\\subseteq \\mathcal B(H)$ that act on finite dimensional Hilbert spaces by making use of the noncommutative Choquet boundary. S is said to be {\\em reduced} when its boundary ideal is 0. In the category of operator systems, that property functions as semisimplicity does in the category of complex Banach algebras. We construct explicit examples of reduced operator systems using sequences of "parameterizing maps" $\\Gamma_k: \\mathbb C^r\\to \\mathcal B(H_k)$, $k=1,..., N$. We show that every reduced operator system is isomorphic to one of these, and that two sequences give rise to isomorphic operator systems if and only if they are "unitarily equivalent" parameterizing sequences. Finally, we construct nonreduced operator systems $S$ that have a given boundary ideal $K$ and a given reduced image in $C^*(S)/K$, and show that these constructed examples exhaust the possibilities.
Ranks of operators in simple C*-algebras
Dadarlat, Marius
2009-01-01
Let A be a unital simple separable C*-algebra with strict comparison of positive elements. We prove that the Cuntz semigroup of A is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the tracial state space T(A) whenever the extreme boundary of T(A) is compact and of finite covering dimension. Combined with a result of Winter, we obtain Z \\otimes A isomorphic to A whenever A moreover has locally finite decomposition rank. As a corollary, we confirm Elliott's classification conjecture under reasonably general hypotheses which, notably, do not require any inductive limit structure. These results all stem from our investigation of a basic question: what are the possible ranks of operators in a unital simple C*-algebra?
Tabak, John
2004-01-01
Looking closely at algebra, its historical development, and its many useful applications, Algebra examines in detail the question of why this type of math is so important that it arose in different cultures at different times. The book also discusses the relationship between algebra and geometry, shows the progress of thought throughout the centuries, and offers biographical data on the key figures. Concise and comprehensive text accompanied by many illustrations presents the ideas and historical development of algebra, showcasing the relevance and evolution of this branch of mathematics.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2004-01-01
Through most of Greek history, mathematicians concentrated on geometry, although Euclid considered the theory of numbers. The Greek mathematician Diophantus (3rd century),however, presented problems that had to be solved by what we would today call algebra. His book is thus the first algebra text.
Flanders, Harley
1975-01-01
Algebra presents the essentials of algebra with some applications. The emphasis is on practical skills, problem solving, and computational techniques. Topics covered range from equations and inequalities to functions and graphs, polynomial and rational functions, and exponentials and logarithms. Trigonometric functions and complex numbers are also considered, together with exponentials and logarithms.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the fundamentals of algebra, each topic explained, illustrated, and accompanied by an ample set of exercises. The proper use of a
Multipoint Lax operator algebras. Almost-graded structure and central extensions
Schlichenmaier, Martin
2013-01-01
Recently, Lax operator algebras appeared as a new class of higher genus current type algebras. Based on I.Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves they were introduced by I. Krichever and O. Sheinman. These algebras are almost-graded Lie algebras of currents on Riemann surfaces with marked points (in-points, out-points, and Tyurin points). In a previous joint article of the author with Sheinman the local cocycles and associated almost-graded central extensions are classified in...
Workshop on Non-Associative & Non-Commutative Algebra and Operator Theory
Molina, Mercedes
2016-01-01
Presenting the collaborations of over thirty international experts in the latest developments in pure and applied mathematics, this volume serves as an anthology of research with a common basis in algebra, functional analysis and their applications. Special attention is devoted to non-commutative algebras, non-associative algebras, operator theory and ring and module theory. These themes are relevant in research and development in coding theory, cryptography and quantum mechanics. The topics in this volume were presented at the Workshop on Non-Associative & Non-Commutative Algebra and Operator Theory, held May 23—25, 2014 at Cheikh Anta Diop University in Dakar, Senegal in honor of Professor Amin Kaidi. The workshop was hosted by the university's Laboratory of Algebra, Cryptology, Algebraic Geometry and Applications, in cooperation with the University of Almería and the University of Málaga. Dr. Kaidi's work focuses on non-associative rings and algebras, operator theory and functional analysis, and he...
Algebra of 2D periodic operators with local and perpendicular defects
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2016-01-01
We show that 2D periodic operators with local and perpendicular defects form an algebra. We provide an algorithm for finding spectrum for such operators. While the continuous spectral components can be computed by simple algebraic operations on some matrix-valued functions and a few number...
-Orthomorphisms and -Linear Operators on the Order Dual of an -Algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ying Feng
2012-01-01
Full Text Available We consider the -orthomorphisms and -linear operators on the order dual of an -algebra. In particular, when the -algebra has the factorization property (not necessarily unital, we prove that the orthomorphisms, -orthomorphisms, and -linear operators on the order dual are precisely the same class of operators.
S-numbers of elementary operators on C*-algebras
Anoussis, M; Todorov, I G
2008-01-01
We study the s-numbers of elementary operators acting on C*-algebras. The main results are the following: If $\\tau$ is any tensor norm and $a,b\\in B(H)$ are such that the sequences $s(a),s(b)$ of their singular numbers belong to a stable Calkin space $J$ then the sequence of approximation numbers of $a\\otimes_{\\tau} b$ belongs to $J$. If $A$ is a C*-algebra, $J$ is a stable Calkin space, $s$ is an s-number function, and $a_i, b_i \\in A,$ $i=1,...,m$ are such that $s(\\pi(a_i)), s(\\pi(b_i)) \\in J$, $i=1,...,m$ for some faithful representation $\\pi$ of $A$ then $s(\\sum_{i=1}^{m} M_{a_i,b_i})\\in J$. The converse implication holds if and only if the ideal of compact elements of $A$ has finite spectrum. We also prove a quantitative version of a result of Ylinen.
Lie Subalgebras in a Certain Operator Lie Algebra with Involution
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Shan Li SUN; Xue Feng MA
2011-01-01
We show in a certain Lie'-algebra,the connections between the Lie subalgebra G+:＝G+G*+[G,G*],generated by a Lie subalgebra G,and the properties of G.This allows us to investigate some useful information about the structure of such two Lie subalgebras.Some results on the relations between the two Lie subalgebras are obtained.As an application,we get the following conclusion:Let A (∪) B(X)be a space of self-adjoint operators and L:＝A ⊕ iA the corresponding complex Lie*-algebra.G+＝G+G*+[G,G*]and G are two LM-decomposable Lie subalgebras of,L with the decomposition G+＝R(G+)+S,G＝RG+SG,and RG (∪) R(C+).Then G+ is ideally finite iff RG+:＝RG+RG*+[RG,RG*]is a quasisolvable Lie subalgebra,SG+:＝SG+SG*+[SG,SG*]is an ideally finite semisimple Lie subalgebra,and [RG,SG]＝[RG*,SG]＝{0}.
Geloun, Joseph Ben; Hounkonnou, M N
2008-01-01
We consider, in a superspace, new operator dependent noncommutative (NC) geometries of the nonlinear quantum Hall limit related to classes of f-deformed Landau operators in the spherical harmonic well. Different NC coordinate algebras are determined using unitary representation spaces of Fock-Heisenberg tensored algebras and of the Schwinger-Fock realisation of the su(1,1) Lie algebra. A reduced model allowing an underlying N=2 superalgebra is also discussed.
On K-groups of Operator Algebra on the 1-shift Space
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qiao Fen JIANG; Huai Jie ZHONG
2008-01-01
In this paper we discuss the K-groups of Wiener algebra W.For the 1-shift space XGM2,We obtain a characterization of Fredholm operators on XnGM2 for all n ∈ N.We also calculate the K-groups of operator algebra on the 1-shift space XGM2.
COMPLETELY BOUNDED COHOMOLOGY OF NON-SELFADJOINT OPERATOR ALGEBRAS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
The authors prove that all n-th completely bounded cohomology groups of a nest algebra T(N) acting on a separable Hilbert space are trivial when the coefficients lie in any ultraweakly closed T(N)-bimodule containing the nest algebra. They also prove that Hcnb(A, M) (≌) Hcnb(A, A) for all n ≥ 1 and a CSL algebra A with an ultraweakly closed A-bimodule M containing A.
Structure of associative subalgebras of Jordan operator algebras
Hamhalter, J
2011-01-01
We show that any order isomorphism between ordered structures of associative unital JB-subalgebras of JBW algebras is implemented naturally by a Jordan isomorphism. Consequently, JBW algebras are determined by the structure of their associative unital JB subalgebras. Further we show that in a similar way it is possible to reconstruct Jordan structure from the order structure of associative subalgebras endowed with an orthogonality relation. In case of abelian subalgebras of von Neuman algebra it is we shown that order isomorphisms of the structure of abelian C*-subalgebras that are well behaved with respect to the structure of two by two matrices over original algebra are implemented by *-isomorphisms.
Structure and properties of the algebra of partially transposed permutation operators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mozrzymas, Marek [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Wrocław, 50-204 Wrocław (Poland); Horodecki, Michał; Studziński, Michał [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, University of Gdańsk, 80-952 Gdańsk (Poland); National Quantum Information Centre of Gdańsk, 81-824 Sopot (Poland)
2014-03-15
We consider the structure of algebra of operators, acting in n-fold tensor product space, which are partially transposed on the last term. Using purely algebraical methods we show that this algebra is semi-simple and then, considering its regular representation, we derive basic properties of the algebra. In particular, we describe all irreducible representations of the algebra of partially transposed operators and derive expressions for matrix elements of the representations. It appears that there are two kinds of irreducible representations of the algebra. The first one is strictly connected with the representations of the group S(n − 1) induced by irreducible representations of the group S(n − 2). The second kind is structurally connected with irreducible representations of the group S(n − 1)
Radial multipliers on reduced free products of operator algebras
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Haagerup, Uffe; Möller, Sören
2012-01-01
Let Ai be a family of unital C*-algebras, respectively, of von Neumann algebras and \\phi: N0 \\to C. We show that if a Hankel matrix related to \\phi is trace-class, then there exists a unique completely bounded map M\\phi on the reduced free product of the Ai, which acts as a radial multiplier...
Amenability and vanishing of L^2-Betti numbers: an operator algebraic approach
Alekseev, Vadim
2011-01-01
We recast the Foelner condition in an operator algebraic setting and prove that it implies a certain dimension flatness property. Furthermore, it is proven that the Foelner condition generalizes the existing notions of amenability and that the enveloping von Neumann algebra arising from a Foelner algebra is automatically injective. As an application we show how our techniques unify the previously known results concerning vanishing of L^2-Betti numbers for amenable groups, groupoids and quantum groups and moreover provides a large class of new examples of algebras with vanishing L^2-Betti numbers.
Lambda: A Mathematica-package for operator product expansions in vertex algebras
Ekstrand, Joel
2010-01-01
We give an introduction to the Mathematica package Lambda, designed for calculating {\\lambda}-brackets in both vertex algebras, and in SUSY vertex algebras. This is equivalent to calculating operator product expansions in two-dimensional conformal field theory. The syntax of {\\lambda}-brackets is reviewed, and some simple examples are shown, both in component notation, and in N=1 superfield notation.
Representations of Hardy Algebras: Absolute Continuity, Intertwiners and Superharmonic Operators
Muhly, Paul S
2010-01-01
Suppose $\\mathcal{T}_{+}(E)$ is the tensor algebra of a $W^{*}$-correspondence $E$ and $H^{\\infty}(E)$ is the associated Hardy algebra. We investigate the problem of extending completely contractive representations of $\\mathcal{T}_{+}(E)$ on a Hilbert space to ultra-weakly continuous completely contractive representations of $H^{\\infty}(E)$ on the same Hilbert space. Our work extends the classical Sz.-Nagy - Foia\\c{s} functional calculus and more recent work by Davidson, Li and Pitts on the representation theory of Popescu's noncommutative disc algebra.
Spatiality of Derivations of Operator Algebras in Banach Spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Quanyuan Chen
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Suppose that A is a transitive subalgebra of B(X and its norm closure A¯ contains a nonzero minimal left ideal I. It is shown that if δ is a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(X, then δ is spatial and implemented uniquely; that is, there exists T∈B(X such that δ(A=TA−AT for each A∈A, and the implementation T of δ is unique only up to an additive constant. This extends a result of E. Kissin that “if A¯ contains the ideal C(H of all compact operators in B(H, then a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(H is spatial and implemented uniquely.” in an algebraic direction and provides an alternative proof of it. It is also shown that a bounded reflexive transitive derivation from A into B(X is spatial and implemented uniquely, if X is a reflexive Banach space and A¯ contains a nonzero minimal right ideal I.
Radial multipliers on reduced free products of operator algebras
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Haagerup, Uffe; Møller, Søren
2012-01-01
Let AiAi be a family of unital C¿C¿-algebras, respectively, of von Neumann algebras and ¿:N0¿C¿:N0¿C. We show that if a Hankel matrix related to ¿ is trace-class, then there exists a unique completely bounded map M¿M¿ on the reduced free product of the AiAi, which acts as a radial multiplier...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, Rutwig [Depto. Geometria y Topologia, Fac. cc. Matematicas UCM, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2004-10-08
We show that the Casimir operators of the semidirect products G{sub 2} {rvec {circle_plus}}{sub 2{gamma}{sub (a,b){circle_plus}{Lambda}{sub (0,0)}}}h of the exceptional Lie algebra G{sub 2} and a Heisenberg algebra h can be constructed explicitly from the Casimir operators of G{sub 2}.
A C-ALGEBRA APPROACH TO THE IRREDUCIBILITY OFCOWEN-DOUGLAS OPERATORS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUEYIFENG; WANGZONGYAO
1999-01-01
The authors consider the irreducibility of the Cowen-Douglas operator T. It is proved that Tis irreducible Lff the unital CI-algebra generated by some non-zero blocks in the decomposition of T with respect to
RELATIONS OF DERIVATIVE ALGEBRA AND RING OF DIFFERENTIAL OPERATORS IN CHARACTERISTIC p>0
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张江峰
2002-01-01
Let K be a field of characteristic p>0. We prove that the derivative algebra of K[x1,…,xn] is a proer subring of the ring of differential operators of K[x1,…,xn]. A concrete example is given to show that there is a differential operator of order p that does not belong to the derivative algebra. By these results, is follows that the derivative algebra is Morita equivalent to K[xp1,…,xpn], and hence its global homological dimension, Krull dimension, K0 group and some other properties are got.
Some G-M-type Banach spaces and K-groups of operator algebras on them
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHONG Huaijie; CHEN Dongxiao; CHEN Jianlan
2004-01-01
By providing several new varieties of G-M-type Banachspaces according to decomposable and compoundable properties, this paper discusses the operator structures of thesespaces and the K-theory of the algebra of the operators on these G-M-type Banach spaces throughcalculation of the K-groups of the operator ideals contained in the class of Riesz operators.
Shafarevich, I
1994-01-01
This book, the first printing of which was published as volume 38 of the Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences, presents a modern approach to homological algebra, based on the systematic use of the terminology and ideas of derived categories and derived functors. The book contains applications of homological algebra to the theory of sheaves on topological spaces, to Hodge theory, and to the theory of modules over rings of algebraic differential operators (algebraic D-modules). The authors Gelfand and Manin explain all the main ideas of the theory of derived categories. Both authors are well-known researchers and the second, Manin, is famous for his work in algebraic geometry and mathematical physics. The book is an excellent reference for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and also for physicists who use methods from algebraic geometry and algebraic topology.
The IBM RISC System/6000 and linear algebra operations
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dongarra, J.J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA). Dept. of Computer Science Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Mays, P. (Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd., Oxford (UK)); Radicati di Brozolo, G. (IBM European Center for Scientific and Engineering Computing, Rome (Italy))
1991-01-01
This paper discusses the IBM RISC System/6000 workstation and a set of experiments with blocked algorithms commonly used in solving problems in numerical linear algebra. We describe the performance of these algorithms and discuss the techniques used in achieving high performance on such an architecture. 10 refs., 11 figs., 6 tabs.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Christe, P.; Flume, R.
1987-04-09
We investigate the structure of the linear differential operators whose solutions determine the four-point correlations of primary operators in the d=2 conformally invariant SU(2) sigma-model with Wess-Zumino term and the d=2 critical statistical systems with central Virasoro charge smaller than one. Factorisation properties of the differential operators are related to a finite closure of the operator algebras. We recover the selection and fusion rules of Fateev, Zamolodchikov and Gepner, Witten for the SU(2) sigma-model. It is outlined how the results of the SU(2) model can be used for the identification of closed operator algebras in the statistical model.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Christe, P.; Flume, R.
1986-10-01
We investigate the structure of the linear differential operators whose solutions determine the four point correlations of primary operators in the d=2 conformally invariant SU(2) sigma-model with Wess-Zumino term and the d=2 critical statistical systems with central Virasoro charge smaller than one. Factorisation properties of the differential operators are related to a finite closure of the operator algebras. We recover the selection and fusion rules of Fateev, Zamolodchikov and Gepner, Witten for the SU(2) sigma-model. It is outlined how the results of the SU(2) model can be used for the identification of closed operator algebras in the statistical model.
Dambreville, Frederic
2011-01-01
This work contributes to the domains of Boolean algebra and of Bayesian probability, by proposing an algebraic extension of Boolean algebras, which implements an operator for the Bayesian conditional inference and is closed under this operator. It is known since the work of Lewis (Lewis' triviality) that it is not possible to construct such conditional operator within the space of events. Nevertheless, this work proposes an answer which complements Lewis' triviality, by the construction of a conditional operator outside the space of events, thus resulting in an algebraic extension. In particular, it is proved that any probability defined on a Boolean algebra may be extended to its algebraic extension in compliance with the multiplicative definition of the conditional probability. In the last part of this paper, a new \\emph{bivalent} logic is introduced on the basis of this algebraic extension, and basic properties are derived.
New Applications of a Kind of Infinitesimal-Operator Lie Algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Honwah Tam
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Applying some reduced Lie algebras of Lie symmetry operators of a Lie transformation group, we obtain an invariant of a second-order differential equation which can be generated by a Euler-Lagrange formulism. A corresponding discrete equation approximating it is given as well. Finally, we make use of the Lie algebras to generate some new integrable systems including (1+1 and (2+1 dimensions.
Isomorphic Operators and Functional Equations for the Skew-Circulant Algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhaolin Jiang
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The skew-circulant matrix has been used in solving ordinary differential equations. We prove that the set of skew-circulants with complex entries has an idempotent basis. On that basis, a skew-cyclic group of automorphisms and functional equations on the skew-circulant algebra is introduced. And different operators on linear vector space that are isomorphic to the algebra of n×n complex skew-circulant matrices are displayed in this paper.
Multipoint Lax operator algebras: almost-graded structure and central extensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schlichenmaier, M [University of Luxembourg (Luxembourg)
2014-05-31
Recently, Lax operator algebras appeared as a new class of higher genus current-type algebras. Introduced by Krichever and Sheinman, they were based on Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves. These algebras are almost-graded Lie algebras of currents on Riemann surfaces with marked points (in-points, out-points and Tyurin points). In a previous joint article with Sheinman, the author classified the local cocycles and associated almost-graded central extensions in the case of one in-point and one out-point. It was shown that the almost-graded extension is essentially unique. In this article the general case of Lax operator algebras corresponding to several in- and out-points is considered. As a first step they are shown to be almost-graded. The grading is given by splitting the marked points which are non-Tyurin points into in- and out-points. Next, classification results both for local and bounded cocycles are proved. The uniqueness theorem for almost-graded central extensions follows. To obtain this generalization additional techniques are needed which are presented in this article. Bibliography: 30 titles.
Multipoint Lax operator algebras: almost-graded structure and central extensions
Schlichenmaier, M.
2014-05-01
Recently, Lax operator algebras appeared as a new class of higher genus current-type algebras. Introduced by Krichever and Sheinman, they were based on Krichever's theory of Lax operators on algebraic curves. These algebras are almost-graded Lie algebras of currents on Riemann surfaces with marked points (in-points, out-points and Tyurin points). In a previous joint article with Sheinman, the author classified the local cocycles and associated almost-graded central extensions in the case of one in-point and one out-point. It was shown that the almost-graded extension is essentially unique. In this article the general case of Lax operator algebras corresponding to several in- and out-points is considered. As a first step they are shown to be almost-graded. The grading is given by splitting the marked points which are non-Tyurin points into in- and out-points. Next, classification results both for local and bounded cocycles are proved. The uniqueness theorem for almost-graded central extensions follows. To obtain this generalization additional techniques are needed which are presented in this article. Bibliography: 30 titles.
Dobrev, V K
2013-01-01
In the present paper we review the progress of the project of classification and construction of invariant differential operators for non-compact semisimple Lie groups. Our starting points is the class of algebras, which we called earlier 'conformal Lie algebras' (CLA), which have very similar properties to the conformal algebras of Minkowski space-time, though our aim is to go beyond this class in a natural way. For this we introduced recently the new notion of {\\it parabolic relation} between two non-compact semisimple Lie algebras $\\cal G$ and $\\cal G'$ that have the same complexification and possess maximal parabolic subalgebras with the same complexification. Thus, we consider the exceptional algebra $E_{7(7)}$ which is parabolically related to the CLA $E_{7(-25)}$. Other interesting examples are the orthogonal algebras $so(p,q)$ all of which are parabolically related to the conformal algebra $so(n,2)$ with $p+q=n+2$, the parabolic subalgebras including the Lorentz subalgebra $so(n-1,1)$ and its analogs ...
Higher powers of analytical operators and associated ∗-Lie algebras
Ettaieb, Aymen; Khalifa, Narjess Turki; Ouerdiane, Habib; Rguigui, Hafedh
2016-06-01
We introduce a new product of two test functions denoted by f□g (where f and g in the Schwartz space 𝒮(ℝ)). Based on the space of entire functions with θ-exponential growth of minimal type, we define a new family of infinite dimensional analytical operators using the holomorphic derivative and its adjoint. Using this new product f□g, such operators give us a new representation of the centerless Virasoro-Zamolodchikov-ω∞∗-Lie algebras (in particular the Witt algebra) by using analytical renormalization conditions and by taking the test function f as any Hermite function. Replacing the classical pointwise product f ṡ g of two test functions f and g by f□g, we prove the existence of new ∗-Lie algebras as counterpart of the classical powers of white noise ∗-Lie algebra, the renormalized higher powers of white noise (RHPWN) ∗-Lie algebra and the second quantized centerless Virasoro-Zamolodchikov-ω∞∗-Lie algebra.
Matrix preconditioning: a robust operation for optical linear algebra processors.
Ghosh, A; Paparao, P
1987-07-15
Analog electrooptical processors are best suited for applications demanding high computational throughput with tolerance for inaccuracies. Matrix preconditioning is one such application. Matrix preconditioning is a preprocessing step for reducing the condition number of a matrix and is used extensively with gradient algorithms for increasing the rate of convergence and improving the accuracy of the solution. In this paper, we describe a simple parallel algorithm for matrix preconditioning, which can be implemented efficiently on a pipelined optical linear algebra processor. From the results of our numerical experiments we show that the efficacy of the preconditioning algorithm is affected very little by the errors of the optical system.
On the index of noncommutative elliptic operators over C*-algebras
Savin, Anton Yu; Sternin, Boris Yu
2010-05-01
We consider noncommutative elliptic operators over C*-algebras, associated with a discrete group of isometries of a manifold. The main result of the paper is a formula expressing the Chern characters of the index (Connes invariants) in topological terms. As a corollary to this formula a simple proof of higher index formulae for noncommutative elliptic operators is obtained. Bibliography: 36 titles.
Pavelle, Richard; And Others
1981-01-01
Describes the nature and use of computer algebra and its applications to various physical sciences. Includes diagrams illustrating, among others, a computer algebra system and flow chart of operation of the Euclidean algorithm. (SK)
The Lie Algebraic Structure of Differential Operators Admitting Invariant Spaces of Polynomials
Finkel, F; Finkel, Federico; Kamran, Niky
1996-01-01
We prove that the scalar and $2\\times 2$ matrix differential operators which preserve the simplest scalar and vector-valued polynomial modules in two variables have a fundamental Lie algebraic structure. Our approach is based on a general graphical method which does not require the modules to be irreducible under the action of the corresponding Lie (super)algebra. This method can be generalized to modules of polynomials in an arbitrary number of variables. We give generic examples of partially solvable differential operators which are not Lie algebraic. We show that certain vector-valued modules give rise to new realizations of finite-dimensional Lie superalgebras by first-order differential operators.
Algebraic Properties of Dual Toeplitz Operators on the Orthogonal Complement of the Dirichlet Space
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Tao YU; Shi Yue WU
2008-01-01
In this paper we investigate some algebra properties of dual Toeplitz operators on the orthogonal complement of the Dirichlet space in the Sobolev space.We completely characterize commuting dual Toeplitz operators with harmonic symbols,and show that a dual Toeplitz operator commutes with a nonconstant analytic dual Toeplitz operator if and only if its symbol is analytic.We also obtain the sufficient and necessary conditions on the harmonic symbols for SψSψ=Sψψ.
群上的Toeplitz代数%Toeplitz Operator Algebras on Groups
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
胡俊云; 李颂孝
2001-01-01
In this paper we study Toeplitz operator and Toeplitz algebra on discrete abelian group. By the spectral projection and Fourier transformation, we transform the problem of Toeplitz operator and Toeplitz algebra on discrete ablien group into the problem of them on the Hardy space of the dual group. We conclude the character of Toeplitz operator(Theorem 10), the necessary and sufficient condition of that the reduced Toeplitz algebra equals Toeplitz algebra (Proposition 5)and the short exact sequence of Toeplitz algebra(Theorem 6).%研究了离散交换群上的Toeplitz算子和Toeplitz代数．通过谱投影和Fourier变换，将离散交换群上的Toeplitz算子和Toeplitz代数的问题化成了其对偶群上的Hardy空间中的相应问题，并由此得到了Toeplitz算子的特征（定理10），约化Toeplitz代数与Toeplitz代数相等的充分必要性（命题5）以及关于Toeplitz代数的短正合列（定理6）等一系列结果．
Algebraic Bethe ansatz for Q-operators: The Heisenberg spin chain
Frassek, Rouven
2015-01-01
We diagonalize Q-operators for rational homogeneous sl(2)-invariant Heisenberg spin chains using the algebraic Bethe ansatz. After deriving the fundamental commutation relations relevant for this case from the Yang-Baxter equation we demonstrate that the Q-operators act diagonally on the Bethe vectors if the Bethe equations are satisfied. In this way we provide a direct proof that the eigenvalues of the Q-operators studied here are given by Baxter's Q-functions.
A chain morphism for Adams operations on rational algebraic K-theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Feliu, Elisenda
2010-01-01
For any regular noetherian scheme X and every k>0, we define a chain morphism between two chain complexes whose homology with rational coefficients is isomorphic to the algebraic K-groups of X tensored by Q. These morphisms induce in homology the Adams operations defined by Gillet and Soulé...
Construction of the Model of the Lambda Calculus System with Algebraic Operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陆汝占; 张政; 等
1991-01-01
A lambda system with algebraic operators,Lambda-plus system,is introduced.After giving the definitions of the system,we present a sufficient condition for formulating a model of the system.Finally,a model of such system is constructed.
Laplace operators of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras and theta functions
Kac, Victor G.
1984-01-01
Until recently, the generalized Casimir operator constructed by Kac [Kac, V. G. (1974) Funct. Anal. Appl. 8, 68-70] has been the only known element of the center of a completion of the enveloping algebra of a Kac-Moody algebra. It has been conjectured [Deodhar, V. V., Gabber, O. & Kac, V. G. (1982) Adv. Math. 45, 92-116], however, that the image of the Harish-Chandra homomorphism contains all theta functions defined on the interior of the complexified Tits cone and hence separates the orbits ...
On the harmonic superspace language adapted to the Gelfand-Dickey algebra of differential operators
Hssaini, M; Maroufi, B; Sedra, M B
2000-01-01
Methods developed for the analysis of non-linear integrable models are used in the harmonic superspace (HS) framework. These methods, when applied to the HS, can lead to extract more information about the meaning of integrability in non-linear physical problems. Among the results obtained, we give the basic ingredients towards building in the HS language the analogue of the G.D. algebra of pseudo-differential operators. Some useful convention notations and algebraic structures are also introduced to make the use of the harmonic superspace techniques more accessible.
An $S_3$-symmetry of the Jacobi Identity for Intertwining Operator Algebras
Chen, Ling
2015-01-01
We prove an $S_{3}$-symmetry of the Jacobi identity for intertwining operator algebras. Since this Jacobi identity involves the braiding and fusing isomorphisms satisfying the genus-zero Moore-Seiberg equations, our proof uses not only the basic properties of intertwining operators, but also the properties of braiding and fusing isomorphisms and the genus-zero Moore Seiberg equations. Our proof depends heavily on the theory of multivalued analytic functions of several variables, especially the theory of analytic extensions.
Hypercyclic operators on algebra of symmetric snalytic functions on $\\ell_p$
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Z. H. Mozhyrovska
2016-06-01
Full Text Available In the paper, it is proposed a method of construction of hypercyclic composition operators on $H(\\mathbb{C}^n$ using polynomial automorphisms of $\\mathbb{C}^n$ and symmetric analytic functions on $\\ell_p.$ In particular, we show that an ``symmetric translation'' operator is hypercyclic on a Frechet algebra of symmetric entire functions on $\\ell_p$ which are bounded on bounded subsets.
The algebra of Wilson-'t Hooft operators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kapustin, Anton [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Saulina, Natalia [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)], E-mail: saulina@theory.caltech.edu
2009-06-11
We study the Operator Product Expansion of Wilson-'t Hooft operators in a twisted N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory with gauge group G. The Montonen-Olive duality puts strong constraints on the OPE and in the case G=SU(2) completely determines it. From the mathematical point of view, the Montonen-Olive duality predicts the L{sup 2} Dolbeault cohomology of certain equivariant vector bundles on Schubert cells in the affine Grassmannian. We verify some of these predictions. We also make some general observations about higher categories and defects in Topological Field Theorie000.
Unitary operator bases and q-deformed algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Galleti, D.; Lunardi, J.T.; Pimentel, B.M. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Lima, C.L. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica
1995-11-01
Starting from the Schwinger unitary operator bases formalism constructed out of a finite dimensional state space, the well-know q-deformed communication relation is shown to emergence in a natural way, when the deformation parameter is a root of unity. (author). 14 refs.
Unitary operator bases and Q-deformed algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Galetti, D.; Pimentel, B.M. [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Lima, C.L. [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica. Grupo de Fisica Nuclear e Teorica e Fenomenologia de Particulas Elementares; Lunardi, J.T. [Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, PR (Brazil). Dept. de Matematica e Estatistica
1998-03-01
Starting from the Schwinger unitary operator bases formalism constructed out of a finite dimensional state space, the well-know q-deformed commutation relation is shown to emerge in a natural way, when the deformation parameter is a root of unity. (author)
Lloris Ruiz, Antonio; Parrilla Roure, Luis; García Ríos, Antonio
2014-01-01
This book presents a complete and accurate study of algebraic circuits, digital circuits whose performance can be associated with any algebraic structure. The authors distinguish between basic algebraic circuits, such as Linear Feedback Shift Registers (LFSRs) and cellular automata, and algebraic circuits, such as finite fields or Galois fields. The book includes a comprehensive review of representation systems, of arithmetic circuits implementing basic and more complex operations, and of the residue number systems (RNS). It presents a study of basic algebraic circuits such as LFSRs and cellular automata as well as a study of circuits related to Galois fields, including two real cryptographic applications of Galois fields.
Optimizing relational algebra operations using discrimination-based joins and lazy products
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henglein, Fritz
We show how to implement in-memory execution of the core re- lational algebra operations of projection, selection and cross-product eciently, using discrimination-based joins and lazy products. We introduce the notion of (partitioning) discriminator, which par- titions a list of values according...... to a specied equivalence relation on keys the values are associated with. We show how discriminators can be dened generically, purely functionally, and eciently (worst-case linear time) on top of the array-based basic multiset discrimination algorithm of Cai and Paige (1995). Discriminators provide the basis...... the selection operation to recognize on the y whenever it is applied to a cross-product, in which case it can choose an ecient discrimination-based equijoin implementation. The techniques subsume most of the optimization techniques based on relational algebra equalities, without need for a query preprocessing...
Finite Blaschke product and the multiplication operators on Sobolev disk algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2009-01-01
Let R(D) be the algebra generated in Sobolev space W22(D) by the rational functions with poles outside the unit disk D. In this paper the multiplication operators Mg on R(D) is studied and it is proved that Mg ～ Mzn if and only if g is an n-Blaschke product. Furthermore, if g is an n-Blaschke product, then Mg has uncountably many Banach reducing subspaces if and only if n > 1.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hongyan Guan
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study some algebraic properties of Toeplitz operator with quasihomogeneous or separately quasihomogeneous symbol on the pluriharmonic Bergman space of the unit ball in ℂn. We determine when the product of two Toeplitz operators with certain separately quasi-homogeneous symbols is a Toeplitz operator. Next, we discuss the zero-product problem for several Toeplitz operators, one of whose symbols is separately quasihomogeneous and the others are quasi-homogeneous functions, and show that the zero-product problem for two Toeplitz operators has only a trivial solution if one of the symbols is separately quasihomogeneous and the other is arbitrary. Finally, we also characterize the commutativity of certain quasihomogeneous or separately quasihomogeneous Toeplitz operators.
Jeribi, Aref
2015-01-01
Uncover the Useful Interactions of Fixed Point Theory with Topological StructuresNonlinear Functional Analysis in Banach Spaces and Banach Algebras: Fixed Point Theory under Weak Topology for Nonlinear Operators and Block Operator Matrices with Applications is the first book to tackle the topological fixed point theory for block operator matrices with nonlinear entries in Banach spaces and Banach algebras. The book provides researchers and graduate students with a unified survey of the fundamental principles of fixed point theory in Banach spaces and algebras. The authors present several exten
Laplace Operators of Infinite-Dimensional Lie Algebras and Theta Functions
Kac, Victor G.
1984-01-01
Until recently, the generalized Casimir operator constructed by Kac [Kac, V. G. (1974) Funct. Anal. Appl. 8, 68-70] has been the only known element of the center of a completion of the enveloping algebra of a Kac-Moody algebra. It has been conjectured [Deodhar, V. V., Gabber, O. & Kac, V. G. (1982) Adv. Math. 45, 92-116], however, that the image of the Harish-Chandra homomorphism contains all theta functions defined on the interior of the complexified Tits cone and hence separates the orbits of the Weyl group. Developing the ideas of Feigin and Fuchs [Feigin, B. L. & Fuchs, D. B. (1983) Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 269, 1057-1060], I prove this conjecture. Another application of this method is the Chevalley type restriction theorem for simple finite-dimensional Lie superalgebras.
Hasse-Schmidt derivations on Grassmann algebras with applications to vertex operators
Gatto, Letterio
2016-01-01
This book provides a comprehensive advanced multi-linear algebra course based on the concept of Hasse-Schmidt derivations on a Grassmann algebra (an analogue of the Taylor expansion for real-valued functions), and shows how this notion provides a natural framework for many ostensibly unrelated subjects: traces of an endomorphism and the Cayley-Hamilton theorem, generic linear ODEs and their Wronskians, the exponential of a matrix with indeterminate entries (Putzer's method revisited), universal decomposition of a polynomial in the product of two monic polynomials of fixed smaller degree, Schubert calculus for Grassmannian varieties, and vertex operators obtained with the help of Schubert calculus tools (Giambelli's formula). Significant emphasis is placed on the characterization of decomposable tensors of an exterior power of a free abelian group of possibly infinite rank, which then leads to the celebrated Hirota bilinear form of the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) hierarchy describing the Plücker embedding of ...
Compactness characterization of operators in the Toeplitz algebra of the Fock space $F_\\alpha ^p$
Bauer, Wolfram
2011-01-01
Let BT be the class of functions $f$ on $\\mathbb{C}^n$ where the Berezin transform $B_\\alpha (|f|)$ associated to the standard weighted Fock space $F_\\alpha ^2$ is bounded, and for $1 < p < \\infty$ let $\\mathcal{T}_p$ be the norm closure of the algebra generated by Toeplitz operators with BT symbols acting on $F_\\alpha ^p$. In this paper, we will show that an operator $A$ is compact on $F_\\alpha ^p$ if and only if $A \\in \\mathcal{T}_p$ and the Berezin transform $B_\\alpha (A)$ of $A$ vanishes at infinity.
ALGEBRAIC OPERATION OF SPECIAL MATRICES RELATED TO METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XuFuhua
2003-01-01
The follwing situation in using the method of least squares to solve problems often occurs.After m experiments completed and a solution of least squares obtained,the(m+1)-th experiment is made further in order to improve the results.A method of algebraic operation of special matrices involed in the problem is given is this paper for obtaining a new solution for the m+1 experiments based upon the old solution for the primary m experiments .This method is valid for more general matrices.
Virasoro frames and their Stabilizers for the E_8 lattice type Vertex Operator Algebra
2001-01-01
The concept of a framed vertex operator algebra was studied in [DGH] (q-alg/9707008). This article is an analysis of all Virasoro frame stabilizers of the lattice VOA V for the E_8 root lattice, which is isomorphic to the E_8-level 1 affine Kac-Moody VOA V. We analyze the frame stabilizers, both as abstract groups and as subgroups of the Lie group Aut(V) = E_8(C). Each frame stabilizer is a finite group, contained in the normalizer of a 2B-pure elementary abelian 2-group in Aut(V). In particu...
Fermionic realisations of simple Lie algebras and their invariant fermionic operators
Azcarraga, J A D
2000-01-01
We study the representation D of a simple compact Lie algebra g of rank l constructed with the aid of the hermitian Dirac matrices of a ( dim g )-dimensional euclidean space. The irreducible representations of g contained in D are found by providing a general construction on suitable fermionic Fock spaces. We give full details not only for the simplest odd and even cases, namely su(2) and su(3) , but also for the next ( dim g )-even case of su(5) . Our results are far reaching: they apply to any g -invariant quantum mechanical system containing dim g fermions. Another reason for undertaking this study is to examine the role of the g -invariant fermionic operators that naturally arise. These are given in terms of products of an odd number of gamma matrices, and include, besides a cubic operator, l-1 fermionic scalars of higher order. The latter are constructed from the Lie algebra cohomology cocycles, and must be considered to be of theoretical significance similar to the cubic operator. In the ( dim g )-even ...
Derivations on the Algebra of Operators in Hilbert C*-Modules
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Peng Tong LI; De Guang HAN; Wai Shing TANG
2012-01-01
Let (M) be a full Hilbert C*-module over a C*-algebra (A),and let End*(A)((M)) be the algebra of adjointable operators on (M).We show that if (A) is unital and commutative,then every derivation of End*(A)((M)) is an inner derivation,and that if (A) is σ-unital and commutative,then innerness of derivations on “compact” operators completely decides innerness of derivations on End*(A)((M)).If (A) is unital (no commutativity is assumed) such that every derivation of (A) is inner,then it is proved that every derivation of End*(A)(Ln((A))) is also inner,where Ln((A)) denotes the direct sum of n copies of (A).In addition,in case (A) is unital,commutative and there exist x0,y0 ∈(M) such that〈x0,y0〉＝1,we characterize the linear (A)-module homomorphisms on End*(A)((M)) which behave like derivations when acting on zero products.
BRST and anti-BRST operators for quantum linear algebra U{sub q}(gl(N))
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Isaev, A.P. E-mail: isaevap@thsun1.jinr.ru; Ogievetsky, O.V. E-mail: isaevap@thsun1.jinr.ru
2001-09-01
For a quantum Lie algebra U{sub q}(gl(N)) we construct BRST, anti-BRST and Laplace operators. The (anti)commutator with the BRST operator defines the differential on the de Rham complex over the quantum group GL{sub q}(N). The Hodge decomposition theorem for this complex is formulated.
Modeling and Simulation of Tandem Tollbooth Operations with Max-Algebra Approach
Hong, Young-Chae; Kim, Dong-Kyu; Kho, Seung-Young; Kim, Soo Wook; Yang, Hongsuk
This study proposes a new model to simulate tandem tollbooth system in order to enhance planning and management of toll plaza facilities. A discrete-event stochastic microscopic simulation model is presented and developed to evaluate the operational performance of tandem tollbooth. Traffic behavior is represented using a set of mathematical and logical algorithms. Modified versions of Max-algebra approach are integrated into this new algorithm to simulate traffic operation at toll plazas. Computational results show that the benefit of tandem tollbooth depends on the number of serial tollbooth, service time and reaction time of drivers. The capacity of tandem tollbooth increases when service time follows a normal distribution rather than negative exponential distribution. Specifically, the lower variance of service time is, the better capacity tollbooth has. In addition, the ratio of driver's reaction time to service time affects the increasing ratio of the capacity extended by tollbooth.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
An Hui-hui; Wang Zhi-chun
2016-01-01
L-octo-algebra with 8 operations as the Lie algebraic analogue of octo-algebra such that the sum of 8 operations is a Lie algebra is discussed. Any octo-algebra is an L-octo-algebra. The relationships among L-octo-algebras, L-quadri-algebras, L-dendriform algebras, pre-Lie algebras and Lie algebras are given. The close relationships between L-octo-algebras and some interesting structures like Rota-Baxter operators, classical Yang-Baxter equations and some bilinear forms satisfying certain conditions are given also.
Ablinger, J.; Behring, A.; Blümlein, J.; De Freitas, A.; von Manteuffel, A.; Schneider, C.
2016-05-01
Three loop ladder and V-topology diagrams contributing to the massive operator matrix element AQg are calculated. The corresponding objects can all be expressed in terms of nested sums and recurrences depending on the Mellin variable N and the dimensional parameter ε. Given these representations, the desired Laurent series expansions in ε can be obtained with the help of our computer algebra toolbox. Here we rely on generalized hypergeometric functions and Mellin-Barnes representations, on difference ring algorithms for symbolic summation, on an optimized version of the multivariate Almkvist-Zeilberger algorithm for symbolic integration, and on new methods to calculate Laurent series solutions of coupled systems of differential equations. The solutions can be computed for general coefficient matrices directly for any basis also performing the expansion in the dimensional parameter in case it is expressible in terms of indefinite nested product-sum expressions. This structural result is based on new results of our difference ring theory. In the cases discussed we deal with iterative sum- and integral-solutions over general alphabets. The final results are expressed in terms of special sums, forming quasi-shuffle algebras, such as nested harmonic sums, generalized harmonic sums, and nested binomially weighted (cyclotomic) sums. Analytic continuations to complex values of N are possible through the recursion relations obeyed by these quantities and their analytic asymptotic expansions. The latter lead to a host of new constants beyond the multiple zeta values, the infinite generalized harmonic and cyclotomic sums in the case of V-topologies.
Omar, Mohamed A
2014-01-01
Initial transient oscillations inhibited in the dynamic simulations responses of multibody systems can lead to inaccurate results, unrealistic load prediction, or simulation failure. These transients could result from incompatible initial conditions, initial constraints violation, and inadequate kinematic assembly. Performing static equilibrium analysis before the dynamic simulation can eliminate these transients and lead to stable simulation. Most exiting multibody formulations determine the static equilibrium position by minimizing the system potential energy. This paper presents a new general purpose approach for solving the static equilibrium in large-scale articulated multibody. The proposed approach introduces an energy drainage mechanism based on Baumgarte constraint stabilization approach to determine the static equilibrium position. The spatial algebra operator is used to express the kinematic and dynamic equations of the closed-loop multibody system. The proposed multibody system formulation utilizes the joint coordinates and modal elastic coordinates as the system generalized coordinates. The recursive nonlinear equations of motion are formulated using the Cartesian coordinates and the joint coordinates to form an augmented set of differential algebraic equations. Then system connectivity matrix is derived from the system topological relations and used to project the Cartesian quantities into the joint subspace leading to minimum set of differential equations.
Transmission electron microscopy of weakly scattering objects described by operator algebra
Patwardhan, Ardan
2003-07-01
An operator algebra description of Fourier optics is used to examine the imaging properties of transmission electron microscopy when applied to the study of weak specimens. Effects due to the curvature of the incident beam, the finite extent of the source, beam tilt, and objective aperture shift are examined. An expression for the contrast transfer function is derived that can account for either beam tilt in conjunction with a centered aperture or a shifted aperture in conjunction with an aligned beam. It shows that high phase contrast over a broad spatial-frequency range can be achieved by laterally shifting the objective aperture rather than defocusing the specimen, as is normally done. 2003 Optical Society of America
Ablinger, J; Blümlein, J; De Freitas, A; von Manteuffel, A; Schneider, C
2015-01-01
Three loop ladder and $V$-topology diagrams contributing to the massive operator matrix element $A_{Qg}$ are calculated. The corresponding objects can all be expressed in terms of nested sums and recurrences depending on the Mellin variable $N$ and the dimensional parameter $\\varepsilon$. Given these representations, the desired Laurent series expansions in $\\varepsilon$ can be obtained with the help of our computer algebra toolbox. Here we rely on generalized hypergeometric functions and Mellin-Barnes representations, on difference ring algorithms for symbolic summation, on an optimized version of the multivariate Almkvist-Zeilberger algorithm for symbolic integration, and on new methods to calculate Laurent series solutions of coupled systems of differential equations. The solutions can be computed for general coefficient matrices directly for any basis also performing the expansion in the dimensional parameter in case it is expressible in terms of indefinite nested product-sum expressions. This structural ...
Linear algebra and linear operators in engineering with applications in Mathematica
Davis, H Ted
2000-01-01
Designed for advanced engineering, physical science, and applied mathematics students, this innovative textbook is an introduction to both the theory and practical application of linear algebra and functional analysis. The book is self-contained, beginning with elementary principles, basic concepts, and definitions. The important theorems of the subject are covered and effective application tools are developed, working up to a thorough treatment of eigenanalysis and the spectral resolution theorem. Building on a fundamental understanding of finite vector spaces, infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces are introduced from analogy. Wherever possible, theorems and definitions from matrix theory are called upon to drive the analogy home. The result is a clear and intuitive segue to functional analysis, culminating in a practical introduction to the functional theory of integral and differential operators. Numerous examples, problems, and illustrations highlight applications from all over engineering and the physical ...
Factorizations of invertible operators and $K$-theory of $C^*$-algebras
Zhang, Shuang
1992-01-01
Let $\\Scr A$ be a unital C*-algebra. We describe \\it K-skeleton factorizations \\rm of all invertible operators on a Hilbert C*-module $\\Scr H_{\\Scr A}$, in particular on $\\Scr H=l^2$, with the Fredholm index as an invariant. We then outline the isomorphisms $K_0(\\Scr A) \\cong \\pi _{2k}([p]_0)\\cong \\pi _{2k} ({GL}^p_r(\\Scr A))$ and $K_1(\\Scr A)\\cong \\pi _{2k+1}([p]_0)\\cong \\pi _{2k+1}(GL^p_r(\\Scr A))$ for $k\\ge 0 $, where $[p]_0$ denotes the class of all compact perturbations of a projection $...
McKeague, Charles P
1981-01-01
Elementary Algebra 2e, Second Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first tackles the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the substitution method, solving linear systems by graphing, solutions to linear equations in two variables, multiplication property of equality, word problems, addition property of equality, and subtraction, addition, multiplication, and division of real numbers. The manuscript then examines exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational e
McKeague, Charles P
1986-01-01
Elementary Algebra, Third Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first ponders on the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the elimination method, solving linear systems by graphing, word problems, addition property of equality, solving linear equations, linear inequalities, addition and subtraction of real numbers, and properties of real numbers. The text then takes a look at exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational expressions. Topics include reducing ra
Chistyakov, VV
2005-01-01
It is shown that the space of functions of n real variables with finite total variation in the sense of Vitali, Hardy and Krause, defined on a rectangle I-a(b) C R-n, is a Banach algebra under the pointwise operations and Hildebrandt-Leonov's norm. This result generalizes the classical case of funct
Liu, Xiaoji; Qin, Xiaolan
2015-01-01
We investigate additive properties of the generalized Drazin inverse in a Banach algebra A. We find explicit expressions for the generalized Drazin inverse of the sum a + b, under new conditions on a, b ∈ A. As an application we give some new representations for the generalized Drazin inverse of an operator matrix.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ablinger, J.; Schneider, C. [Johannes Kepler Univ., Linz (Austria). Research Inst. for Symbolic Computation; Behring, A.; Bluemlein, J.; Freitas, A. de [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Manteuffel, A. von [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik
2015-09-15
Three loop ladder and V-topology diagrams contributing to the massive operator matrix element A{sub Qg} are calculated. The corresponding objects can all be expressed in terms of nested sums and recurrences depending on the Mellin variable N and the dimensional parameter ε. Given these representations, the desired Laurent series expansions in ε can be obtained with the help of our computer algebra toolbox. Here we rely on generalized hypergeometric functions and Mellin-Barnes representations, on difference ring algorithms for symbolic summation, on an optimized version of the multivariate Almkvist-Zeilberger algorithm for symbolic integration, and on new methods to calculate Laurent series solutions of coupled systems of differential equations. The solutions can be computed for general coefficient matrices directly for any basis also performing the expansion in the dimensional parameter in case it is expressible in terms of indefinite nested product-sum expressions. This structural result is based on new results of our difference ring theory. In the cases discussed we deal with iterative sum- and integral-solutions over general alphabets. The final results are expressed in terms of special sums, forming quasi-shuffle algebras, such as nested harmonic sums, generalized harmonic sums, and nested binomially weighted (cyclotomic) sums. Analytic continuations to complex values of N are possible through the recursion relations obeyed by these quantities and their analytic asymptotic expansions. The latter lead to a host of new constants beyond the multiple zeta values, the infinite generalized harmonic and cyclotomic sums in the case of V-topologies.
Spectral theory of linear operators and spectral systems in Banach algebras
Müller, Vladimir
2003-01-01
This book is dedicated to the spectral theory of linear operators on Banach spaces and of elements in Banach algebras. It presents a survey of results concerning various types of spectra, both of single and n-tuples of elements. Typical examples are the one-sided spectra, the approximate point, essential, local and Taylor spectrum, and their variants. The theory is presented in a unified, axiomatic and elementary way. Many results appear here for the first time in a monograph. The material is self-contained. Only a basic knowledge of functional analysis, topology, and complex analysis is assumed. The monograph should appeal both to students who would like to learn about spectral theory and to experts in the field. It can also serve as a reference book. The present second edition contains a number of new results, in particular, concerning orbits and their relations to the invariant subspace problem. This book is dedicated to the spectral theory of linear operators on Banach spaces and of elements in Banach alg...
Real Operator Algebras on a Complex Hilbert Space%复Hilbert空间上的实算子代数
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李炳仁
2009-01-01
We study real operator algebras on a complex Hilbert space H. From H, we can get a real Hilbert space H_r. Further, we have a complex Hilbert space H_(rc)= H_r+iH_r. Through this process, we prove the following. If A and M are uniformly closed and weakly closed real * operator algebras on H respectively, then their complex span A + iA and M + iM are (complex) C*-algebra and (complex) von Neumann algebra on H, respectively. Here, we don't need the condition: A∩iA = {0}, M∩iM = {0}. So our result is a generalization of Stormer's result.%本文研究在一个复Hilbert空间H上的实算子代数.从H可以得到一个实Hilbert空间Hr珥,进而又有一个复Hilbert空间H_(rc)=H_r+iH_r.通过这个过程,证明了如下结果.如果A,M分别是H上一致闭的,弱闭的实*算子代数,则它们的复扩张A+iA,M4-iM分别是日上的(复)C~*代数,(复)von Neumann代数.这里,不需要条件A∩iA={0},MniM={0}.因此,我们的结果是Stormer结果的推广.
Alphan, Hakan
2011-11-01
The aim of this study is to compare various image algebra procedures for their efficiency in locating and identifying different types of landscape changes on the margin of a Mediterranean coastal plain, Cukurova, Turkey. Image differencing and ratioing were applied to the reflective bands of Landsat TM datasets acquired in 1984 and 2006. Normalized Difference Vegetation index (NDVI) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) differencing were also applied. The resulting images were tested for their capacity to detect nine change phenomena, which were a priori defined in a three-level classification scheme. These change phenomena included agricultural encroachment, sand dune afforestation, coastline changes and removal/expansion of reed beds. The percentage overall accuracies of different algebra products for each phenomenon were calculated and compared. The results showed that some of the changes such as sand dune afforestation and reed bed expansion were detected with accuracies varying between 85 and 97% by the majority of the algebra operations, while some other changes such as logging could only be detected by mid-infrared (MIR) ratioing. For optimizing change detection in similar coastal landscapes, underlying causes of these changes were discussed and the guidelines for selecting band and algebra operations were provided.
Relations Between BZMVdM-Algebra and Other Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
高淑萍; 邓方安; 刘三阳
2003-01-01
Some properties of BZMVdM-algebra are proved, and a new operator is introduced. It is shown that the substructure of BZMVdM-algebra can produce a quasi-lattice implication algebra. The relations between BZMVdM-algebra and other algebras are discussed in detail. A pseudo-distance function is defined in linear BZMVdM-algebra, and its properties are derived.
Hyperreflexivity of Operator Algebras of the Banach Space%Banach空间上算子代数的超自反性
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
袁国常; 覃黎明
2005-01-01
In this paper, we introduced the hyperreflexivity of operator algebra A on Banach space, discussed the necessary, and sufficient condition that A is hyperreflexive, the estimate of hyperreflexive constant and the invariance of hyperreflexivety under the similarity transformation.
Matrix Operations for Engineers and Scientists An Essential Guide in Linear Algebra
Jeffrey, Alan
2010-01-01
Engineers and scientists need to have an introduction to the basics of linear algebra in a context they understand. Computer algebra systems make the manipulation of matrices and the determination of their properties a simple matter, and in practical applications such software is often essential. However, using this tool when learning about matrices, without first gaining a proper understanding of the underlying theory, limits the ability to use matrices and to apply them to new problems. This book explains matrices in the detail required by engineering or science students, and it discusses linear systems of ordinary differential equations. These students require a straightforward introduction to linear algebra illustrated by applications to which they can relate. It caters of the needs of undergraduate engineers in all disciplines, and provides considerable detail where it is likely to be helpful. According to the author the best way to understand the theory of matrices is by working simple exercises designe...
A new matrix method for the Casimir operators of the Lie algebras wsp(N,R) and Isp(2N,R)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, Rutwig [Dpto. Geometria y Topologia, Fac. CC. Matematicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2005-05-13
A method is given to determine the Casimir operators of the perfect Lie algebras wsp(N,R) = sp(2N,R) +-vector {sub {gamma}}{sub {omega}{sub 1}}{sub +{gamma}{sub 0}} h{sub N} and the inhomogeneous Lie algebras Isp(2N,R) in terms of polynomials associated with a parametrized (2N + 1) x (2N + 1)-matrix. For the inhomogeneous symplectic algebras this matrix is shown to be associated to a faithful representation. We further analyse the invariants for the extended Schroedinger algebra S-circumflex(N) in (N + 1) dimensions, which arises naturally as a subalgebra of wsp(N,R). The method is extended to other classes of Lie algebras, and some applications to the missing label problem are given.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Campoamor-Stursberg, R [Dpto. GeometrIa y TopologIa Fac. CC. Matematicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid Plaza de Ciencias, 3 E-28040 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: rutwig@pdi.ucm.es
2008-08-15
We show that the Inoenue-Wigner contraction naturally associated to a reduction chain s implies s' of semisimple Lie algebras induces a decomposition of the Casimir operators into homogeneous polynomials, the terms of which can be used to obtain additional mutually commuting missing label operators for this reduction. The adjunction of these scalars that are no more invariants of the contraction allow to solve the missing label problem for those reductions where the contraction provides an insufficient number of labelling operators.
Computer Program For Linear Algebra
Krogh, F. T.; Hanson, R. J.
1987-01-01
Collection of routines provided for basic vector operations. Basic Linear Algebra Subprogram (BLAS) library is collection from FORTRAN-callable routines for employing standard techniques to perform basic operations of numerical linear algebra.
Left Artinian Algebraic Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
S. Akbari; M. Arian-Nejad
2001-01-01
Let R be a left artinian central F-algebra, T(R) = J(R) + [R, R],and U(R) the group of units of R. As one of our results, we show that, if R is algebraic and char F = 0, then the number of simple components of -R = R/J(R)is greater than or equal to dimF R/T(R). We show that, when char F = 0 or F is uncountable, R is algebraic over F if and only if [R, R] is algebraic over F. As another approach, we prove that R is algebraic over F if and only if the derived subgroup of U(R) is algebraic over F. Also, we present an elementary proof for a special case of an old question due to Jacobson.
Algebraic partial Boolean algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Smith, Derek [Math Department, Lafayette College, Easton, PA 18042 (United States)
2003-04-04
Partial Boolean algebras, first studied by Kochen and Specker in the 1960s, provide the structure for Bell-Kochen-Specker theorems which deny the existence of non-contextual hidden variable theories. In this paper, we study partial Boolean algebras which are 'algebraic' in the sense that their elements have coordinates in an algebraic number field. Several of these algebras have been discussed recently in a debate on the validity of Bell-Kochen-Specker theorems in the context of finite precision measurements. The main result of this paper is that every algebraic finitely-generated partial Boolean algebra B(T) is finite when the underlying space H is three-dimensional, answering a question of Kochen and showing that Conway and Kochen's infinite algebraic partial Boolean algebra has minimum dimension. This result contrasts the existence of an infinite (non-algebraic) B(T) generated by eight elements in an abstract orthomodular lattice of height 3. We then initiate a study of higher-dimensional algebraic partial Boolean algebras. First, we describe a restriction on the determinants of the elements of B(T) that are generated by a given set T. We then show that when the generating set T consists of the rays spanning the minimal vectors in a real irreducible root lattice, B(T) is infinite just if that root lattice has an A{sub 5} sublattice. Finally, we characterize the rays of B(T) when T consists of the rays spanning the minimal vectors of the root lattice E{sub 8}.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kalay, Berfin; Demiralp, Metin [İstanbul Technical University, Informatics Institute, Maslak, 34469, İstanbul (Turkey)
2015-12-31
This proceedings paper aims to show the efficiency of an expectation value identity for a given algebraic function operator which is assumed to be depending pn only position operator. We show that this expectation value formula becomes enabled to determine the eigenstates of the quantum system Hamiltonian as long as it is autonomous and an appropriate basis set in position operator is used. This approach produces a denumerable infinite recursion which may be considered as revisited but at the same time generalized form of the recursions over the natural number powers of the position operator. The content of this short paper is devoted not only to the formulation of the new method but also to show that this novel approach is capable of catching the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions for Hydrogen-like systems, beyond that, it can give a hand to us to reveal the wavefunction structure. So it has also somehow a confirmative nature.
Uniqueness of the maximal ideal of the Banach algebra of bounded operators on $C([0,\\omega_1])$
Kania, Tomasz
2011-01-01
Let $\\omega_1$ be the first uncountable ordinal. By a result of Rudin, bounded operators on the Banach space $C([0,\\omega_1])$ have a natural representation as $[0,\\omega_1]\\times 0,\\omega_1]$-matrices. Loy and Willis observed that the set of operators whose final column is continuous when viewed as a scalar-valued function on $[0,\\omega_1]$ defines a maximal ideal of codimension one in the Banach algebra $\\mathscr{B}(C([0,\\omega_1]))$ of bounded operators on $C([0,\\omega_1])$. We give a coordinate-free characterization of this ideal and deduce from it that $\\mathscr{B}(C([0,\\omega_1]))$ contains no other maximal ideals. We then obtain a list of equivalent conditions describing the strictly smaller ideal of operators with separable range, and finally we investigate the structure of the lattice of all closed ideals of $\\mathscr{B}(C([0,\\omega_1]))$.
Vertex operator algebras, extended E_8 diagram, and McKay's observation on the Monster simple group
2004-01-01
We study McKay's observation on the Monster simple group, which relates the 2A-involutions of the Monster simple group to the extended E_8 diagram, using the theory of vertex operator algebras (VOAs). We first consider the sublattices L of the E_8 lattice obtained by removing one node from the extended E_8 diagram at each time. We then construct a certain coset (or commutant) subalgebra U associated with L in the lattice VOA V_{\\sqrt{2}E_8}. There are two natural conformal vectors of central ...
Optimizing relational algebra operations using generic equivalence discriminators and lazy products
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Henglein, Fritz
2010-01-01
We show how to efficiently evaluate generic map-filter-product queries, generalizations of select-project-join (SPJ) queries in re- lational algebra, based on a combination of two novel techniques: generic discrimination-based joins and lazy (formal) products. Discrimination-based joins are based...... that discriminators can be constructed generically (by structural recursion on equivalence expressions), purely func- tionally, and efficiently (worst-case linear time). The array-based basic multiset discrimination algorithm of Cai and Paige (1995) provides a base discriminator that is both asymptotically and prac...... on relational algebra equalities, without need for a query preprocessing phase. They require no indexes and behave purely functionally. They can be considered a form of symbolic execution of set expressions that automate and encapsulate dynamic program transformation of such expressions and lead to asymptotic...
Norén, Patrik
2013-01-01
Algebraic statistics brings together ideas from algebraic geometry, commutative algebra, and combinatorics to address problems in statistics and its applications. Computer algebra provides powerful tools for the study of algorithms and software. However, these tools are rarely prepared to address statistical challenges and therefore new algebraic results need often be developed. This way of interplay between algebra and statistics fertilizes both disciplines. Algebraic statistics is a relativ...
Lawson, C. L.; Krogh, F. T.; Gold, S. S.; Kincaid, D. R.; Sullivan, J.; Williams, E.; Hanson, R. J.; Haskell, K.; Dongarra, J.; Moler, C. B.
1982-01-01
The Basic Linear Algebra Subprograms (BLAS) library is a collection of 38 FORTRAN-callable routines for performing basic operations of numerical linear algebra. BLAS library is portable and efficient source of basic operations for designers of programs involving linear algebriac computations. BLAS library is supplied in portable FORTRAN and Assembler code versions for IBM 370, UNIVAC 1100 and CDC 6000 series computers.
On dibaric and evolution algebras
Ladra, M; Rozikov, U A
2011-01-01
We find conditions on ideals of an algebra under which the algebra is dibaric. Dibaric algebras have not non-zero homomorphisms to the set of the real numbers. We introduce a concept of bq-homomorphism (which is given by two linear maps $f, g$ of the algebra to the set of the real numbers) and show that an algebra is dibaric if and only if it admits a non-zero bq-homomorphism. Using the pair $(f,g)$ we define conservative algebras and establish criteria for a dibaric algebra to be conservative. Moreover, the notions of a Bernstein algebra and an algebra induced by a linear operator are introduced and relations between these algebras are studied. For dibaric algebras we describe a dibaric algebra homomorphism and study their properties by bq-homomorphisms of the dibaric algebras. We apply the results to the (dibaric) evolution algebra of a bisexual population. For this dibaric algebra we describe all possible bq-homomorphisms and find conditions under which the algebra of a bisexual population is induced by a ...
The Weil Algebra of a Hopf Algebra I: A Noncommutative Framework
Dubois-Violette, Michel; Landi, Giovanni
2014-03-01
We generalize the notion, introduced by Henri Cartan, of an operation of a Lie algebra in a graded differential algebra Ω. We define the notion of an operation of a Hopf algebra in a graded differential algebra Ω which is referred to as a -operation. We then generalize for such an operation the notion of algebraic connection. Finally we discuss the corresponding noncommutative version of the Weil algebra: The Weil algebra of the Hopf algebra is the universal initial object of the category of -operations with connections.
Topological ∗-algebras with *-enveloping Algebras II
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
S J Bhatt
2001-02-01
Universal *-algebras *() exist for certain topological ∗-algebras called algebras with a *-enveloping algebra. A Frechet ∗-algebra has a *-enveloping algebra if and only if every operator representation of maps into bounded operators. This is proved by showing that every unbounded operator representation , continuous in the uniform topology, of a topological ∗-algebra , which is an inverse limit of Banach ∗-algebras, is a direct sum of bounded operator representations, thereby factoring through the enveloping pro-* algebra () of . Given a *-dynamical system (, , ), any topological ∗-algebra containing (, ) as a dense ∗-subalgebra and contained in the crossed product *-algebra *(, , ) satisfies ()=*(, , ). If $G = \\mathbb{R}$, if is an -invariant dense Frechet ∗-subalgebra of such that () = , and if the action on is -tempered, smooth and by continuous ∗-automorphisms: then the smooth Schwartz crossed product $S(\\mathbb{R}, B, )$ satisfies $E(S(\\mathbb{R}, B, )) = C^*(\\mathbb{R}, A, )$. When is a Lie group, the ∞-elements ∞(), the analytic elements () as well as the entire analytic elements () carry natural topologies making them algebras with a *-enveloping algebra. Given a non-unital *-algebra , an inductive system of ideals is constructed satisfying $A = C^*-\\mathrm{ind} \\lim I_$; and the locally convex inductive limit $\\mathrm{ind}\\lim I_$ is an -convex algebra with the *-enveloping algebra and containing the Pedersen ideal of . Given generators with weakly Banach admissible relations , we construct universal topological ∗-algebra (, ) and show that it has a *-enveloping algebra if and only if (, ) is *-admissible.
无穷维算子代数中的Jordan标准型理论%Jordanian Canonical Form Theory in an Infinite Dimensional Operator Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
纪友清; 孙善利
2001-01-01
@@ Let B(H) be the algebra of bounded linear operators acting on a separable Hilbert space H.An operator T in B(H) is said to be strongly irreducible (see [1]), denoted by T ∈ (SI), if it is not similar to any reducible operator (see [2]). If the dimension of His finite, B(H) may be regarded as an n × n matrix algebra. Inthis case, T ∈(SI) if and only if T is similar to a Jordanian block. Jordanian canonical form theorem is one of the most important theorems in matrix theory. The Jordanian canonical form gives the complete set of similarity invariants of matrices. If the dimension of H is infinite, can we find an analogue of the Jordanian canonical form theorem in B(H)? First of all, we must know what is the analogue of the Jordanian block. Z. J. Jiang[3] thought of that the strongly irreducible operator may be suitable one. D. A. Herrero and C. L. Jiang[4] obtained an approximative Jordanian canonical form theorem. Since a normal operator having no eigenvalues cannot be similarto the orthogonal direct sum of strongly irreducible operators, there is no analogue of the Jordanian canonical form theorem in B(H). Many significant work concerns some special subalgebras, not the whole operator algebra B(H). So, it is reasonable to try to set up canonical form theory in some special operator algebras.
Lefschetz, Solomon
2005-01-01
An introduction to algebraic geometry and a bridge between its analytical-topological and algebraical aspects, this text for advanced undergraduate students is particularly relevant to those more familiar with analysis than algebra. 1953 edition.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
We give an equivalent construction of the infinitesimal time translation operator for partial differential evolution equation in the algebraic dynamics algorithm proposed by Shun-Jin Wang and his students. Our construction involves only simple partial differentials and avoids the derivative terms of δ function which appear in the course of computation by means of Wang-Zhang operator. We prove Wang’s equivalent theorem which says that our construction and Wang-Zhang’s are equivalent. We use our construction to deal with several typical equations such as nonlinear advection equation, Burgers equation, nonlinear Schrodinger equation, KdV equation and sine-Gordon equation, and obtain at least second order approximate solutions to them. These equations include the cases of real and complex field variables and the cases of the first and the second order time derivatives.
Algebraic functions of complexity one, a Weierstrass theorem, and three arithmetic operations
Beloshapka, V. K.
2016-07-01
The Weierstrass theorem concerning functions admitting an algebraic addition theorem enables us to give an explicit description of algebraic functions of two variables of analytical complexity one. Their description is divided into three cases: the general case, which is elliptic, and two special ones, a multiplicative and an additive one. All cases have a unified description; they are the orbits of an action of the gauge pseudogroup. The first case is a 1-parameter family of orbits of "elliptic addition," the second is the orbit of multiplication, and the third of addition. Here the multiplication and addition can be derived from the "elliptic addition" by passages to a limit. On the other hand, the elliptic orbits correspond to complex structures on the torus, the multiplicative orbit corresponds to the complex structure on the cylinder, and the additive one to that on the complex plane. This work was financially supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research under grants nos. 14-00709-a and 13-01-12417-ofi-m2.
Symmetric Extended Ockham Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
T.S. Blyth; Jie Fang
2003-01-01
The variety eO of extended Ockham algebras consists of those algealgebra with an additional endomorphism k such that the unary operations f and k commute. Here, we consider the cO-algebras which have a property of symmetry. We show that there are thirty two non-isomorphic subdirectly irreducible symmetric extended MS-algebras and give a complete description of them.2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 06D15, 06D30
Stability of functional equations in Banach algebras
Cho, Yeol Je; Rassias, Themistocles M; Saadati, Reza
2015-01-01
Some of the most recent and significant results on homomorphisms and derivations in Banach algebras, quasi-Banach algebras, C*-algebras, C*-ternary algebras, non-Archimedean Banach algebras and multi-normed algebras are presented in this book. A brief introduction for functional equations and their stability is provided with historical remarks. Since the homomorphisms and derivations in Banach algebras are additive and R-linear or C-linear, the stability problems for additive functional equations and additive mappings are studied in detail. The latest results are discussed and examined in stability theory for new functional equations and functional inequalities in Banach algebras and C*-algebras, non-Archimedean Banach algebras, non-Archimedean C*-algebras, multi-Banach algebras and multi-C*-algebras. Graduate students with an understanding of operator theory, functional analysis, functional equations and analytic inequalities will find this book useful for furthering their understanding and discovering the l...
Algebraic Properties of Curvature Operators in Lorentzian Manifolds with Large Isometry Groups
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Giovanni Calvaruso
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Together with spaces of constant sectional curvature and products of a real line with a manifold of constant curvature, the socalled Egorov spaces and ε-spaces exhaust the class of n-dimensional Lorentzian manifolds admitting a group of isometries of dimension at least ½n(n−1+1, for almost all values of n [Patrangenaru V., Geom. Dedicata 102 (2003, 25-33]. We shall prove that the curvature tensor of these spaces satisfy several interesting algebraic properties. In particular, we will show that Egorov spaces are Ivanov-Petrova manifolds, curvature-Ricci commuting (indeed, semi-symmetric and P-spaces, and that ε-spaces are Ivanov-Petrova and curvature-curvature commuting manifolds.
Kurosh, A G; Stark, M; Ulam, S
1965-01-01
Lectures in General Algebra is a translation from the Russian and is based on lectures on specialized courses in general algebra at Moscow University. The book starts with the basics of algebra. The text briefly describes the theory of sets, binary relations, equivalence relations, partial ordering, minimum condition, and theorems equivalent to the axiom of choice. The text gives the definition of binary algebraic operation and the concepts of groups, groupoids, and semigroups. The book examines the parallelism between the theory of groups and the theory of rings; such examinations show the
Iachello, Francesco
2015-01-01
This course-based primer provides an introduction to Lie algebras and some of their applications to the spectroscopy of molecules, atoms, nuclei and hadrons. In the first part, it concisely presents the basic concepts of Lie algebras, their representations and their invariants. The second part includes a description of how Lie algebras are used in practice in the treatment of bosonic and fermionic systems. Physical applications considered include rotations and vibrations of molecules (vibron model), collective modes in nuclei (interacting boson model), the atomic shell model, the nuclear shell model, and the quark model of hadrons. One of the key concepts in the application of Lie algebraic methods in physics, that of spectrum generating algebras and their associated dynamic symmetries, is also discussed. The book highlights a number of examples that help to illustrate the abstract algebraic definitions and includes a summary of many formulas of practical interest, such as the eigenvalues of Casimir operators...
Developable algebraic surfaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN Dongren; WANG Guojin
2004-01-01
An algebraic surface can be defined by an implicit polynomial equation F(x,y,z)=0. In this paper, general characterizations of developable algebraic surfaces of arbitrary degree are presented. Using the shift operators of the subscripts of Bézier ordinates, the uniform apparent discriminants of developable algebraic surfaces to their Bézier ordinates are given directly. To degree 2 algebraic surfaces, which are widely used in computer aided geometric design and graphics, all possible developable surface types are obtained. For more conveniently applying algebraic surfaces of high degree to computer aided geometric design, the notion of ε-quasi-developable surfaces is introduced, and an example of using a quasi-developable algebraic surface of degree 3 to interpolate three curves of degree 2 is given.
Twisted Hamiltonian Lie Algebras and Their Multiplicity-Free Representations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ling CHEN
2011-01-01
We construct a class of new Lie algebras by generalizing the one-variable Lie algebras generated by the quadratic conformal algebras (or corresponding Hamiltonian operators) associated with Poisson algebras and a quasi-derivation found by Xu. These algebras can be viewed as certain twists of Xu's generalized Hamiltonian Lie algebras. The simplicity of these algebras is completely determined. Moreover, we construct a family of multiplicity-free representations of these Lie algebras and prove their irreducibility.
On Deformed Boson Algebra and Vacuum Projection Operator on Noncommutative Plane
Liu, Gao-Fu; Liu, Hong-Ling; Guo, Guang-Jie
2013-03-01
In the noncommutative phase space, a new mapping is proposed to express the noncommutative coordinate and momentum operators in terms of the ordinary coordinate and momentum operators under the case of large noncommutativity parameters (μν>1). Using this mapping matrix, the deformed boson operators can be expressed in terms of the ordinary boson operators. Thus, the normal ordering expansion form of vacuum projection operator is obtained. As an application, the completeness relation of the two-mode deformed coherent states is verified by using the vacuum projection operator.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Martinez, D [Universidad Autonoma de la Ciudad de Mexico, Plantel Cuautepec, Av. La Corona 320, Col. Loma la Palma, Delegacion Gustavo A. Madero, 07160, Mexico DF (Mexico); Flores-Urbina, J C; Mota, R D [Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Ingenieria y Tecnologias Avanzadas, IPN. Av. Instituto Politecnico Nacional 2580, Col. La Laguna Ticoman, Delegacion Gustavo A. Madero, 07340 Mexico DF (Mexico); Granados, V D [Escuela Superior de Fisica y Matematicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Ed. 9, Unidad Profesional Adolfo Lopez Mateos, 07738 Mexico DF (Mexico)], E-mail: dmartinezs77@yahoo.com.mx
2010-04-02
We apply the Schroedinger factorization to construct the ladder operators for the hydrogen atom, Mie-type potential, harmonic oscillator and pseudo-harmonic oscillator in arbitrary dimensions. By generalizing these operators we show that the dynamical algebra for these problems is the su(1, 1) Lie algebra.
Another Representation for the Maximal Lie Algebra of sl(n+2,ℝ in Terms of Operators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tooba Feroze
2009-01-01
of the special linear group of order (n+2, over the real numbers, sl(n+2,ℝ. In this paper, we provide an alternate representation of the symmetry algebra by simple relabelling of indices. This provides one more proof of the result that the symmetry algebra of (ya″=0 is sl(n+2,ℝ.
On self-adjoint operators in Krein spaces constructed by Clifford algebra Cl_{2}
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergii Kuzhel
2012-01-01
\\(\\Sigma_{J_{\\vec{\\beta}}}\\ are unitarily equivalent for different \\(\\vec{\\alpha}, \\vec{\\beta} \\in \\mathbb{S}^2\\ and describe in detail the structure of operators \\(A \\in \\Sigma_{J_{\\vec{\\alpha}}}\\ with empty resolvent set.
Deformed Boson Algebra and Projection Operator of Vacuum in Noncommutative Phase Space
Lin, Bingsheng; Guan, Yong; Jing, Sicong
In this paper we introduce a new formalism to analyze Fock space structure of noncommutative phase space (NCPS). Based on this new formalism, we derive deformed boson commutation relations and study corresponding deformed Fock space, especially its vacuum structure, which leads to get a form of the vacuum projection operator. As an example of applications of such an operator, we define two-mode coherent state in the NCPS and show its completeness relation.
2013-01-01
The chapter provides an introduction to the basic concepts of Algebraic Topology with an emphasis on motivation from applications in the physical sciences. It finishes with a brief review of computational work in algebraic topology, including persistent homology.
Jordan Elementary Map on Operator Algebras%算子代数上的Jordan初等映射
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
安润玲; 侯晋川
2012-01-01
Let R and R′be two rings.Under some mild assumptions on R,we show that, if maps M：R→R＇ and M~＊：R＇→R are surjective and satisfy M（AM＊（B）C＋CM＊（B）A）=M（A）BM（C）＋M（C）BM（A）,M＊（BM（A）D＋DM（A）B）=M＊（B）AM＊（D）＋M＊（D）AM＊（B） for all A,C∈R and B,D∈R＇,then both M and M~＊ are additive.And if R and R＇ have identity I and I＇,respectively,and M（I）,M~＊（I＇） are invertible,then there is a Jordan ring isomorphism N such that M（A） = N（A）M（I） and M~＊（B） = N~（-1）（BM（I））.In particular,if R = R＇ is a standard operator algebra,or a nest algebra on a Hilbert space,then we can conclude that both M and M~＊ are additive,and M（A） = SAT,M~＊（B） = TBS or M（A） = TA~＊S,M~＊（B） =（SBT）~＊,where S and T are bounded invertible linear or conjugate linear operators.%给定两个环R,R＇.对于满足一定条件的环R,本文证明了若M：R→R＇,M＊：R＇→R为满射且对A,C∈R和B,D∈R＇满足M（AM＊（B）C＋CM＊（B）A）=M（A）BM（C）＋M（C）BM（A）,M＊（BM（A）D＋DM（A）B）=M＊（B）AM＊（D）＋M＊（D）AM＊（B）则M和M＊是可加的;若R和R＇分别包含单位I和I＇,M（I）,M＊（I＇）可逆,则存在环同构N使得M（A）=N（A）M（I）,M＊（B）=N~（-1）（BM（I））.特别地,若R=R＇为标准算子代数或Hilbert空间套代数,则M和M＊可加且存在有界可逆的线性或共轭线性算子S和T使得M（A）=SAT,M＊（B）=TBS或M（A）=TA＊S,M＊（B）=（SBT）＊对任意的A,B∈R成立.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baykara, N. A. [Marmara University, Faculty of Sciences and Letters, Mathematics Department, Göztepe Campus, 34730, Istanbul (Turkey)
2015-12-31
Recent studies on quantum evolutionary problems in Demiralp’s group have arrived at a stage where the construction of an expectation value formula for a given algebraic function operator depending on only position operator becomes possible. It has also been shown that this formula turns into an algebraic recursion amongst some finite number of consecutive elements in a set of expectation values of an appropriately chosen basis set over the natural number powers of the position operator as long as the function under consideration and the system Hamiltonian are both autonomous. This recursion corresponds to a denumerable infinite number of algebraic equations whose solutions can or can not be obtained analytically. This idea is not completely original. There are many recursive relations amongst the expectation values of the natural number powers of position operator. However, those recursions may not be always efficient to get the system energy values and especially the eigenstate wavefunctions. The present approach is somehow improved and generalized form of those expansions. We focus on this issue for a specific system where the Hamiltonian is defined on the coordinate of a curved space instead of the Cartesian one.
The Weil Algebra of a Hopf Algebra - I - A noncommutative framework
Dubois-Violette, Michel
2012-01-01
We generalize the notion, introduced by Henri Cartan, of an operation of a Lie algebra $\\mathfrak g$ in a graded differential algebra $\\Omega$. Firstly we construct a natural extension of the above notion from $\\mathfrak g$ to its universal enveloping algebra $U(\\mathfrak g)$ by defining the corresponding operation of $U(\\mathfrak g)$ in $\\Omega$. We analyse the properties of this extension and we define more generally the notion of an operation of a Hopf algebra $\\mathcal H$ in a graded differential algebra $\\Omega$ which is refered to as a $\\mathcal H$-operation. We then generalize for such an operation the notion of algebraic connection. Finally we discuss the corresponding noncommutative versions of the Weil algebra: The Weil algebra $W(\\mathcal H)$ of the Hopf algebra $\\mathcal H$ is the universal initial object of the category of $\\mathcal H$-operations with connections.
Beginning algebra a textworkbook
McKeague, Charles P
1985-01-01
Beginning Algebra: A Text/Workbook, Second Edition focuses on the principles, operations, and approaches involved in algebra. The publication first elaborates on the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on solving linear systems by graphing, elimination method, graphing ordered pairs and straight lines, linear and compound inequalities, addition and subtraction of real numbers, and properties of real numbers. The text then examines exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational expressions. Topics include multiplication and division
Intermediate algebra a textworkbook
McKeague, Charles P
1985-01-01
Intermediate Algebra: A Text/Workbook, Second Edition focuses on the principles, operations, and approaches involved in intermediate algebra. The publication first takes a look at basic properties and definitions, first-degree equations and inequalities, and exponents and polynomials. Discussions focus on properties of exponents, polynomials, sums, and differences, multiplication of polynomials, inequalities involving absolute value, word problems, first-degree inequalities, real numbers, opposites, reciprocals, and absolute value, and addition and subtraction of real numbers. The text then ex
Hopf algebras in noncommutative geometry
Varilly, J C
2001-01-01
We give an introductory survey to the use of Hopf algebras in several problems of noncommutative geometry. The main example, the Hopf algebra of rooted trees, is a graded, connected Hopf algebra arising from a universal construction. We show its relation to the algebra of transverse differential operators introduced by Connes and Moscovici in order to compute a local index formula in cyclic cohomology, and to the several Hopf algebras defined by Connes and Kreimer to simplify the combinatorics of perturbative renormalization. We explain how characteristic classes for a Hopf module algebra can be obtained from the cyclic cohomology of the Hopf algebra which acts on it. Finally, we discuss the theory of noncommutative spherical manifolds and show how they arise as homogeneous spaces of certain compact quantum groups.
A twisted generalization of Lie-Yamaguti algebras
Gaparayi, Donatien
2010-01-01
A twisted generalization of Lie-Yamaguti algebras, called Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras, is defined. Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras generalize Hom-Lie triple systems (and susequently ternary Hom-Nambu algebras) and Hom-Lie algebras in the same way as Lie-Yamaguti algebras generalize Lie triple systems and Lie algebras. It is shown that the category of Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras is closed under twisting by self-morphisms. Constructions of Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebras from classical Lie-Yamaguti algebras and Malcev algebras are given. It is observed that, when the ternary operation of a Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebra expresses through its binary one in a specific way, then such a Hom-Lie-Yamaguti algebra is a Hom-Malcev algebra.
Algebraic solution of master equations
R. Rangel; L. Carvalho
2003-01-01
We present a simple analytical method to solve master equations for finite temperatures and any initial conditions, which consists in the expansion of the density operator into normal modes. These modes and the expansion coefficients are obtained algebraically by using ladder superoperators. This algebraic technique is successful in cases in which the Liouville superoperator is quadratic in the creation and annihilation operators.
Dirac matrices as elements of a superalgebraic matrix algebra
Monakhov, V. V.
2016-08-01
The paper considers a Clifford extension of the Grassmann algebra, in which operators are built from Grassmann variables and by the derivatives with respect to them. It is shown that a subalgebra which is isomorphic to the usual matrix algebra exists in this algebra, the Clifford exten-sion of the Grassmann algebra is a generalization of the matrix algebra and contains superalgebraic operators expanding matrix algebra and produces supersymmetric transformations.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A. V. Pavlov
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A mechanism of cognitive dissonance reducing is demonstrated with approach for non-monotonic fuzzy-valued logics by Fourier-holography technique implementation developing. Cognitive dissonance occurs under perceiving of new information that contradicts to the existing subjective pattern of the outside world, represented by double Fourier-transform cascade with a hologram – neural layers interconnections matrix of inner information representation and logical conclusion. The hologram implements monotonic logic according to “General Modus Ponens” rule. New information is represented by a hologram of exclusion that implements interconnections of logical conclusion and exclusion for neural layers. The latter are linked by Fourier transform that determines duality of the algebra forming operations of conjunction and disjunction. Hologram of exclusion forms conclusion that is dual to the “General Modus Ponens” conclusion. It is shown, that trained for the main rule and exclusion system can be represented by two-layered neural network with separate interconnection matrixes for direct and inverse iterations. The network energy function is involved determining the cyclic dynamics character; dissipative factor causing convergence type of the dynamics is analyzed. Both “General Modus Ponens” and exclusion holograms recording conditions on the dynamics and convergence of the system are demonstrated. The system converges to a stable status, in which logical conclusion doesn’t depend on the inner information. Such kind of dynamics, leading to tolerance forming, is typical for ordinary kind of thinking, aimed at inner pattern of outside world stability. For scientific kind of thinking, aimed at adequacy of the inner pattern of the world, a mechanism is needed to stop the net relaxation; the mechanism has to be external relative to the model of logic. Computer simulation results for the learning conditions adequate to real holograms recording are
Issa, A Nourou
2010-01-01
Non-Hom-associative algebras and Hom-Akivis algebras are introduced. The commutator-Hom-associator algebra of a non-Hom-associative algebra is a Hom-Akivis algebra. It is shown that non-Hom-associative algebras can be obtained from nonassociative algebras by twisting along algebra automorphisms while Hom-Akivis algebras can be obtained from Akivis algebras by twisting along algebra endomorphisms.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Odesskii, A V [L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2002-12-31
This survey is devoted to associative Z{sub {>=}}{sub 0}-graded algebras presented by n generators and n(n-1)/2 quadratic relations and satisfying the so-called Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt condition (PBW-algebras). Examples are considered of such algebras, depending on two continuous parameters (namely, on an elliptic curve and a point on it), that are flat deformations of the polynomial ring in n variables. Diverse properties of these algebras are described, together with their relations to integrable systems, deformation quantization, moduli spaces, and other directions of modern investigations.
Axler, Sheldon
2015-01-01
This best-selling textbook for a second course in linear algebra is aimed at undergrad math majors and graduate students. The novel approach taken here banishes determinants to the end of the book. The text focuses on the central goal of linear algebra: understanding the structure of linear operators on finite-dimensional vector spaces. The author has taken unusual care to motivate concepts and to simplify proofs. A variety of interesting exercises in each chapter helps students understand and manipulate the objects of linear algebra. The third edition contains major improvements and revisions throughout the book. More than 300 new exercises have been added since the previous edition. Many new examples have been added to illustrate the key ideas of linear algebra. New topics covered in the book include product spaces, quotient spaces, and dual spaces. Beautiful new formatting creates pages with an unusually pleasant appearance in both print and electronic versions. No prerequisites are assumed other than the ...
Notes on noncommutative algebraic topology
Nikolaev, Igor
2010-01-01
An operator (AF-) algebra A_f is assigned to each Anosov diffeomorphism f of a manifold M. The assignment is a functor on the category of (mapping tori of) all such diffeomorphisms, which sends continuous maps between the manifolds to the stable homomorphisms of the corresponding AF-algebras. We use the functor to prove non-existence of continuous maps between the hyperbolic torus bundles, an obstruction being the so-called Galois group of algebra A_f.
Some C∗-algebras which are coronas of non-C∗-Banach algebras
Voiculescu, Dan-Virgil
2016-07-01
We present results and motivating problems in the study of commutants of hermitian n-tuples of Hilbert space operators modulo normed ideals. In particular, the C∗-algebras which arise in this context as coronas of non-C∗-Banach algebras, the connections with normed ideal perturbations of operators, the hyponormal operators and the bidual Banach algebras one encounters are discussed.
Linear Algebra and Smarandache Linear Algebra
Vasantha, Kandasamy
2003-01-01
The present book, on Smarandache linear algebra, not only studies the Smarandache analogues of linear algebra and its applications, it also aims to bridge the need for new research topics pertaining to linear algebra, purely in the algebraic sense. We have introduced Smarandache semilinear algebra, Smarandache bilinear algebra and Smarandache anti-linear algebra and their fuzzy equivalents. Moreover, in this book, we have brought out the study of linear algebra and ve...
Cavanagh, Sean
2009-01-01
As educators and policymakers search for ways to prepare students for the rigors of algebra, teachers in the Helena, Montana, school system are starting early by attempting to nurture students' algebraic-reasoning ability, as well as their basic number skills, in early elementary school, rather than waiting until middle or early high school.…
Algebra-Geometry of Piecewise Algebraic Varieties
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chun Gang ZHU; Ren Hong WANG
2012-01-01
Algebraic variety is the most important subject in classical algebraic geometry.As the zero set of multivariate splines,the piecewise algebraic variety is a kind generalization of the classical algebraic variety.This paper studies the correspondence between spline ideals and piecewise algebraic varieties based on the knowledge of algebraic geometry and multivariate splines.
Lee, Jaehoon; Wilczek, Frank
2013-11-27
Motivated by the problem of identifying Majorana mode operators at junctions, we analyze a basic algebraic structure leading to a doubled spectrum. For general (nonlinear) interactions the emergent mode creation operator is highly nonlinear in the original effective mode operators, and therefore also in the underlying electron creation and destruction operators. This phenomenon could open up new possibilities for controlled dynamical manipulation of the modes. We briefly compare and contrast related issues in the Pfaffian quantum Hall state.
Congruence Kernels of Orthoimplication Algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
I. Chajda
2007-10-01
Full Text Available Abstracting from certain properties of the implication operation in Boolean algebras leads to so-called orthoimplication algebras. These are in a natural one-to-one correspondence with families of compatible orthomodular lattices. It is proved that congruence kernels of orthoimplication algebras are in a natural one-to-one correspondence with families of compatible p-filters on the corresponding orthomodular lattices. Finally, it is proved that the lattice of all congruence kernels of an orthoimplication algebra is relatively pseudocomplemented and a simple description of the relative pseudocomplement is given.
Cooperstein, Bruce
2010-01-01
Vector SpacesFieldsThe Space FnVector Spaces over an Arbitrary Field Subspaces of Vector SpacesSpan and IndependenceBases and Finite Dimensional Vector SpacesBases and Infinite Dimensional Vector SpacesCoordinate VectorsLinear TransformationsIntroduction to Linear TransformationsThe Range and Kernel of a Linear TransformationThe Correspondence and Isomorphism TheoremsMatrix of a Linear TransformationThe Algebra of L(V, W) and Mmn(F)Invertible Transformations and MatricesPolynomialsThe Algebra of PolynomialsRoots of PolynomialsTheory of a Single Linear OperatorInvariant Subspaces of an Operator
Algebra & trigonometry super review
2012-01-01
Get all you need to know with Super Reviews! Each Super Review is packed with in-depth, student-friendly topic reviews that fully explain everything about the subject. The Algebra and Trigonometry Super Review includes sets and set operations, number systems and fundamental algebraic laws and operations, exponents and radicals, polynomials and rational expressions, equations, linear equations and systems of linear equations, inequalities, relations and functions, quadratic equations, equations of higher order, ratios, proportions, and variations. Take the Super Review quizzes to see how much y
Algebra & trigonometry I essentials
REA, Editors of
2012-01-01
REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Algebra & Trigonometry I includes sets and set operations, number systems and fundamental algebraic laws and operations, exponents and radicals, polynomials and rational expressions, eq
Algebraic Quantum Mechanics and Pregeometry
Hiley, D J B P G D B J
2006-01-01
We discuss the relation between the q-number approach to quantum mechanics suggested by Dirac and the notion of "pregeometry" introduced by Wheeler. By associating the q-numbers with the elements of an algebra and regarding the primitive idempotents as "generalized points" we suggest an approach that may make it possible to dispense with an a priori given space manifold. In this approach the algebra itself would carry the symmetries of translation, rotation, etc. Our suggestion is illustrated in a preliminary way by using a particular generalized Clifford Algebra proposed originally by Weyl, which approaches the ordinary Heisenberg algebra in a suitable limit. We thus obtain a certain insight into how quantum mechanics may be regarded as a purely algebraic theory, provided that we further introduce a new set of "neighbourhood operators", which remove an important kind of arbitrariness that has thus far been present in the attempt to treat quantum mechanics solely in terms of a Heisenberg algebra.
Cardinal invariants on Boolean algebras
Monk, J Donald
2014-01-01
This book is concerned with cardinal number valued functions defined for any Boolean algebra. Examples of such functions are independence, which assigns to each Boolean algebra the supremum of the cardinalities of its free subalgebras, and cellularity, which gives the supremum of cardinalities of sets of pairwise disjoint elements. Twenty-one such functions are studied in detail, and many more in passing. The questions considered are the behaviour of these functions under algebraic operations such as products, free products, ultraproducts, and their relationships to one another. Assuming familiarity with only the basics of Boolean algebras and set theory, through simple infinite combinatorics and forcing, the book reviews current knowledge about these functions, giving complete proofs for most facts. A special feature of the book is the attention given to open problems, of which 185 are formulated. Based on Cardinal Functions on Boolean Algebras (1990) and Cardinal Invariants on Boolean Algebras (1996) by the...
Congruences on Balanced Pseudocomplemented Ockham Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jie FANG
2009-01-01
The variety bpO consists of those algebras (L;∧,∨, f,* ) of type where (L; ∧, ∨, f, 0, 1) is an Ockham algebra, (L; ∧, ∨, *, 0, 1) is a p-algebra, and the operations x→f(x) and x →x* satisfy the identities f(x*) = x** and [f(x)]* = f2(x). In this note, we show that the compact congruences on a bpO-algebra form a dual Stone lattice. Using this, we characterize the algebras in which every principal congruence is complemented. We also give a description of congruence coherent bpO-algebras.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Dan LI
2012-01-01
Extending the notion of property T of finite von Neumann algebras to general von Neumann algebras,we define and study in this paper property T** for (possibly non-unital) C*-algebras.We obtain several results of property T** parallel to those of property T for unital C*-algebras.Moreover,we show that a discrete group Γ has property T if and only if the group C*-algebra C*(Γ) (or equivalently,the reduced group C*-algebra CΓ*(Γ)) has property T**.We also show that the compact operators K((C)2) has property T** but co does not have property T**.
Structure of the Enveloping Algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Č. Burdík
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The adjoint representations of several small dimensional Lie algebras on their universal enveloping algebras are explicitly decomposed. It is shown that commutants of raising operators are generated as polynomials in several basic elements. The explicit form of these elements is given and the general method for obtaining these elements is described.
Toeplitz Algebras on Dirichlet Spaces
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TAN Yan-hua; WANG Xiao-feng
2001-01-01
In the present paper, some properties of Toeplitz algebras on Dirichlet spaces for several complex variables are discussed; in particular, the automorphism group of the Toeplitz C* -algebra, (C1), generated by Toeplitz operators with C1-symbols is discussed. In addition, the first cohomology group of (C1) is computed.
Lie algebras with given properties of subalgebras and elements
Zusmanovich, Pasha
2011-01-01
Results about the following classes of finite-dimensional Lie algebras over a field of characteristic zero are presented: anisotropic (i.e., Lie algebras for which each adjoint operator is semisimple), regular (i.e., Lie algebras in which each nonzero element is regular in the sense of Bourbaki), minimal nonabelian (i.e., nonabelian Lie algebras all whose proper subalgebras are abelian), and algebras of depth 2 (i.e., Lie algebras all whose proper subalgebras are abelian or minimal nonabelian).
Das, Tapas
2015-01-01
The second order $N$-dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation with pseudoharmonic potential is reduced to a first order differential equation by using the Laplace transform approach and exact bound state solutions are obtained using convolution theorem. Our results generalize all other previous works that done for various potential combinations in the case of lower dimensions.The Ladder operators are also constructed for the pseudoharmonic potential in $N$-dimensions.Lie algebra associated with these operators are studied and found that they satisfy the commutation relations for the SU(1,1) group. Matrix elements of different operators such as $z$, $z\\frac{d}{dz}$ are derived and finally the Casimir operator is discussed briefly.
Chisolm, Eric
2012-01-01
This is an introduction to geometric algebra, an alternative to traditional vector algebra that expands on it in two ways: 1. In addition to scalars and vectors, it defines new objects representing subspaces of any dimension. 2. It defines a product that's strongly motivated by geometry and can be taken between any two objects. For example, the product of two vectors taken in a certain way represents their common plane. This system was invented by William Clifford and is more commonly known as Clifford algebra. It's actually older than the vector algebra that we use today (due to Gibbs) and includes it as a subset. Over the years, various parts of Clifford algebra have been reinvented independently by many people who found they needed it, often not realizing that all those parts belonged in one system. This suggests that Clifford had the right idea, and that geometric algebra, not the reduced version we use today, deserves to be the standard "vector algebra." My goal in these notes is to describe geometric al...
Kolman, Bernard
1985-01-01
College Algebra, Second Edition is a comprehensive presentation of the fundamental concepts and techniques of algebra. The book incorporates some improvements from the previous edition to provide a better learning experience. It provides sufficient materials for use in the study of college algebra. It contains chapters that are devoted to various mathematical concepts, such as the real number system, the theory of polynomial equations, exponential and logarithmic functions, and the geometric definition of each conic section. Progress checks, warnings, and features are inserted. Every chapter c
Garrett, Paul B
2007-01-01
Designed for an advanced undergraduate- or graduate-level course, Abstract Algebra provides an example-oriented, less heavily symbolic approach to abstract algebra. The text emphasizes specifics such as basic number theory, polynomials, finite fields, as well as linear and multilinear algebra. This classroom-tested, how-to manual takes a more narrative approach than the stiff formalism of many other textbooks, presenting coherent storylines to convey crucial ideas in a student-friendly, accessible manner. An unusual feature of the text is the systematic characterization of objects by universal
Miki, Kei
2016-07-01
Highest weight modules for U q ( g l 2 ̂ ) are endowed with a structure of modules for the quantum toriodal algebra U κ of type sl2. Using this, we define U κ actions on the space of vertex operators for irreducible highest weight U q ( g l 2 ̂ ) modules. Highest or lowest weight vectors of the thus obtained U κ modules are expressed in terms of an intertwiner for U q ( s l 2 ̂ ) modules and an extra boson. The submodules generated by these vectors are investigated.
Monakhov, Vadim V
2016-01-01
We introduced fermionic variables in complex modules over real Clifford algebras of even dimension which are analog of the Witt basis. We built primitive idempotents which are a set of equivalent Clifford vacuums. It is shown that the modules are decomposed into direct sum of minimal left ideals generated by these idempotents and that the fermionic variables can be considered as more fundamental mathematical objects than spinors.
Planar Para Algebras, Reflection Positivity
Jaffe, Arthur
2016-01-01
We define the notion of a planar para algebra, which arises naturally from combining planar algebras with the idea of $\\Z_{N}$ para symmetry in physics. A subfactor planar para algebra is a Hilbert space representation of planar tangles with parafermionic defects, that are invariant under isotopy. For each $\\Z_{N}$, we construct a family of subfactor planar para algebras which play the role of Temperley-Lieb-Jones planar algebras. The first example in this family is the parafermion planar para algebra. Based on this example, we introduce parafermion Pauli matrices, quaternion relations, and braided relations for parafermion algebras which one can use in the study of quantum information. Two different reflections play an important role in the theory of planar para algebras. One is the adjoint operator; the other is the modular conjugation in Tomita-Takesaki theory. We use the latter one to define the double algebra and to introduce reflection positivity. We give a new and geometric proof of reflection positivi...
Semiprojectivity of universal -algebras generated by algebraic elements
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shulman, Tatiana
2012-01-01
Let be a polynomial in one variable whose roots all have multiplicity more than 1. It is shown that the universal -algebra of a relation , , is semiprojective and residually finite-dimensional. Applications to polynomially compact operators are given.......Let be a polynomial in one variable whose roots all have multiplicity more than 1. It is shown that the universal -algebra of a relation , , is semiprojective and residually finite-dimensional. Applications to polynomially compact operators are given....
2005-01-01
This paper is a continuation of our paper math.QA/0403010 at which several coset subalgebras of the lattice VOA $V_{\\sqrt{2}E_8}$ were constructed and the relationship between such algebras with the famous McKay observation on the extended E_8 diagram and the Monster simple group were discussed. In this article, we shall provide the technical details. We completely determine the structure of the coset subalgebras constructed and show that they are all generated by two conformal vectors of cen...
Klumpp, A. R.; Lawson, C. L.
1988-01-01
Routines provided for common scalar, vector, matrix, and quaternion operations. Computer program extends Ada programming language to include linear-algebra capabilities similar to HAS/S programming language. Designed for such avionics applications as software for Space Station.
GCD, LCM, and Boolean Algebra?
Cohen, Martin P.; Juraschek, William A.
1976-01-01
This article investigates the algebraic structure formed when the process of finding the greatest common divisor and the least common multiple are considered as binary operations on selected subsets of positive integers. (DT)
Algebraic Aspects of Orbifold Models
Bántay, P
1994-01-01
: Algebraic properties of orbifold models on arbitrary Riemann surfaces are investigated. The action of mapping class group transformations and of standard geometric operations is given explicitly. An infinite dimensional extension of the quantum group is presented.
Algebraic totality, towards completeness
Tasson, Christine
2009-01-01
Finiteness spaces constitute a categorical model of Linear Logic (LL) whose objects can be seen as linearly topologised spaces, (a class of topological vector spaces introduced by Lefschetz in 1942) and morphisms as continuous linear maps. First, we recall definitions of finiteness spaces and describe their basic properties deduced from the general theory of linearly topologised spaces. Then we give an interpretation of LL based on linear algebra. Second, thanks to separation properties, we can introduce an algebraic notion of totality candidate in the framework of linearly topologised spaces: a totality candidate is a closed affine subspace which does not contain 0. We show that finiteness spaces with totality candidates constitute a model of classical LL. Finally, we give a barycentric simply typed lambda-calculus, with booleans ${\\mathcal{B}}$ and a conditional operator, which can be interpreted in this model. We prove completeness at type ${\\mathcal{B}}^n\\to{\\mathcal{B}}$ for every n by an algebraic metho...
Mulligan, Jeffrey B.
2017-01-01
A color algebra refers to a system for computing sums and products of colors, analogous to additive and subtractive color mixtures. We would like it to match the well-defined algebra of spectral functions describing lights and surface reflectances, but an exact correspondence is impossible after the spectra have been projected to a three-dimensional color space, because of metamerism physically different spectra can produce the same color sensation. Metameric spectra are interchangeable for the purposes of addition, but not multiplication, so any color algebra is necessarily an approximation to physical reality. Nevertheless, because the majority of naturally-occurring spectra are well-behaved (e.g., continuous and slowly-varying), color algebras can be formulated that are largely accurate and agree well with human intuition. Here we explore the family of algebras that result from associating each color with a member of a three-dimensional manifold of spectra. This association can be used to construct a color product, defined as the color of the spectrum of the wavelength-wise product of the spectra associated with the two input colors. The choice of the spectral manifold determines the behavior of the resulting system, and certain special subspaces allow computational efficiencies. The resulting systems can be used to improve computer graphic rendering techniques, and to model various perceptual phenomena such as color constancy.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Renhong; ZHU Chungang
2004-01-01
The piecewise algebraic variety is a generalization of the classical algebraic variety. This paper discusses some properties of piecewise algebraic varieties and their coordinate rings based on the knowledge of algebraic geometry.
Evolution algebra of a bisexual population
Ladra, M
2010-01-01
We introduce an (evolution) algebra identifying the coefficients of inheritance of a bisexual population as the structure constants of the algebra. The basic properties of the algebra are studied. We prove that this algebra is commutative (and hence flexible), not associative and not necessarily power associative. We show that the evolution algebra of the bisexual population is not a baric algebra, but a dibaric algebra and hence its square is baric. Moreover, we show that the algebra is a Banach algebra. The set of all derivations of the evolution algebra is described. We find necessary conditions for a state of the population to be a fixed point or a zero point of the evolution operator which corresponds to the evolution algebra. We also establish upper estimate of the limit points set for trajectories of the evolution operator. Using the necessary conditions we give a detailed analysis of a special case of the evolution algebra (bisexual population of which has a preference on type "1" of females and males...
Marchuk, Nikolay
2011-01-01
Exterior algebras and differential forms are widely used in many fields of modern mathematics and theoretical physics. In this paper we define a notion of $N$-metric exterior algebra, which depends on $N$ matrices of structure constants. The usual exterior algebra (Grassmann algebra) can be considered as 0-metric exterior algebra. Clifford algebra can be considered as 1-metric exterior algebra. $N$-metric exterior algebras for $N\\geq2$ can be considered as generalizations of the Grassmann alg...
Edwards, Harold M
1995-01-01
In his new undergraduate textbook, Harold M Edwards proposes a radically new and thoroughly algorithmic approach to linear algebra Originally inspired by the constructive philosophy of mathematics championed in the 19th century by Leopold Kronecker, the approach is well suited to students in the computer-dominated late 20th century Each proof is an algorithm described in English that can be translated into the computer language the class is using and put to work solving problems and generating new examples, making the study of linear algebra a truly interactive experience Designed for a one-semester course, this text adopts an algorithmic approach to linear algebra giving the student many examples to work through and copious exercises to test their skills and extend their knowledge of the subject Students at all levels will find much interactive instruction in this text while teachers will find stimulating examples and methods of approach to the subject
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
2007-01-01
of algebraic groups (in a broad sense) has seen important developments in several directions, also related to representation theory and algebraic geometry. The workshop aimed at presenting some of these developments in order to make them accessible to a "general audience" of algebraic group......-theorists, and to stimulate contacts between participants. Each of the first four days was dedicated to one area of research that has recently seen decisive progress: \\begin{itemize} \\item structure and classification of wonderful varieties, \\item finite reductive groups and character sheaves, \\item quantum cohomology...... of homogeneous varieties, \\item representation categories and their connections to orbits and flag varieties. \\end{itemize} The first three days started with survey talks that will help to make the subject accessible to the next generation. The talks on the last day introduced to several recent advances...
Liesen, Jörg
2015-01-01
This self-contained textbook takes a matrix-oriented approach to linear algebra and presents a complete theory, including all details and proofs, culminating in the Jordan canonical form and its proof. Throughout the development, the applicability of the results is highlighted. Additionally, the book presents special topics from applied linear algebra including matrix functions, the singular value decomposition, the Kronecker product and linear matrix equations. The matrix-oriented approach to linear algebra leads to a better intuition and a deeper understanding of the abstract concepts, and therefore simplifies their use in real world applications. Some of these applications are presented in detailed examples. In several ‘MATLAB-Minutes’ students can comprehend the concepts and results using computational experiments. Necessary basics for the use of MATLAB are presented in a short introduction. Students can also actively work with the material and practice their mathematical skills in more than 300 exerc...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G.C. Rao
2012-11-01
Full Text Available A C- algebra is the algebraic form of the 3-valued conditional logic, which was introduced by F. Guzman and C. C. Squier in 1990. In this paper, some equivalent conditions for a C- algebra to become a boolean algebra in terms of congruences are given. It is proved that the set of all central elements B(A is isomorphic to the Boolean algebra of all C-algebras Sa, where a B(A. It is also proved that B(A is isomorphic to the Boolean algebra of all C-algebras Aa, where a B(A.
Allenby, Reg
1995-01-01
As the basis of equations (and therefore problem-solving), linear algebra is the most widely taught sub-division of pure mathematics. Dr Allenby has used his experience of teaching linear algebra to write a lively book on the subject that includes historical information about the founders of the subject as well as giving a basic introduction to the mathematics undergraduate. The whole text has been written in a connected way with ideas introduced as they occur naturally. As with the other books in the series, there are many worked examples.Solutions to the exercises are available onlin
Jacobson, Nathan
2009-01-01
A classic text and standard reference for a generation, this volume and its companion are the work of an expert algebraist who taught at Yale for two decades. Nathan Jacobson's books possess a conceptual and theoretical orientation, and in addition to their value as classroom texts, they serve as valuable references.Volume I explores all of the topics typically covered in undergraduate courses, including the rudiments of set theory, group theory, rings, modules, Galois theory, polynomials, linear algebra, and associative algebra. Its comprehensive treatment extends to such rigorous topics as L
Jacobson, Nathan
1979-01-01
Lie group theory, developed by M. Sophus Lie in the 19th century, ranks among the more important developments in modern mathematics. Lie algebras comprise a significant part of Lie group theory and are being actively studied today. This book, by Professor Nathan Jacobson of Yale, is the definitive treatment of the subject and can be used as a textbook for graduate courses.Chapter I introduces basic concepts that are necessary for an understanding of structure theory, while the following three chapters present the theory itself: solvable and nilpotent Lie algebras, Carlan's criterion and its
Stoll, R R
1968-01-01
Linear Algebra is intended to be used as a text for a one-semester course in linear algebra at the undergraduate level. The treatment of the subject will be both useful to students of mathematics and those interested primarily in applications of the theory. The major prerequisite for mastering the material is the readiness of the student to reason abstractly. Specifically, this calls for an understanding of the fact that axioms are assumptions and that theorems are logical consequences of one or more axioms. Familiarity with calculus and linear differential equations is required for understand
On Nilpotent Extensions of Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Adam W. Marczak; Jerzy Plonka
2007-01-01
In this paper, we investigate essentially n-ary term operations of nilpotent extensions of algebras. We detect the connection between term operations of an original algebra and its nilpotent extensions. This structural point of view easily leads to the conclusion that the number of distinct essentially n-ary term operations of a proper algebraic nilpotent extension (ひ) of an algebra (ワ) is given by the formula pn(ひ)={pn(ワ)+1 for n=1,{pn(ワ) otherwise. We show that in general the converse theorem is not true. However, we suppose that if a variety V is uniquely determined by its pn-sequences, the converse theorem is also satisfied. In the second part of the paper, we characterize generics of nilpotent shifts of varieties and describe cardinalities of minimal generics. We give a number of examples and pose some problems.
Rota-Baxter algebras and the Hopf algebra of renormalization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ebrahimi-Fard, K.
2006-06-15
Recently, the theory of renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory underwent some exciting new developments. Kreimer discovered an organization of Feynman graphs into combinatorial Hopf algebras. The process of renormalization is captured by a factorization theorem for regularized Hopf algebra characters. Hereby the notion of Rota-Baxter algebras enters the scene. In this work we develop in detail several mathematical aspects of Rota-Baxter algebras as they appear also in other sectors closely related to perturbative renormalization, to wit, for instance multiple-zeta-values and matrix differential equations. The Rota-Baxter picture enables us to present the algebraic underpinning for the Connes-Kreimer Birkhoff decomposition in a concise way. This is achieved by establishing a general factorization theorem for filtered algebras. Which in turn follows from a new recursion formula based on the Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff formula. This allows us to generalize a classical result due to Spitzer to non-commutative Rota-Baxter algebras. The Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff based recursion turns out to be a generalization of Magnus' expansion in numerical analysis to generalized integration operators. We will exemplify these general results by establishing a simple representation of the combinatorics of renormalization in terms of triangular matrices. We thereby recover in the presence of a Rota-Baxter operator the matrix representation of the Birkhoff decomposition of Connes and Kreimer. (orig.)
Fuzzy Boolean Algebras Based on Implication Operator%基于蕴涵算子上的模糊布尔代数
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈华新
2011-01-01
文中给出R-模糊布尔代数的定义,讨论了其与模糊布尔代数的关系,证明在一定的条件下,有限个R-模糊布尔代数的交(并)还是R-模糊布尔代数,R-模糊布尔代数的同态像(原像)仍是R-模糊布尔代数.%In this paper ,we introduce the definition of fuzzy Boolean algebra. Based on that, the differences and connection between R-fuzzy Boolean algebra and fuzzy Boolean algebra are discussed. Furhtermore, it is proved that the finite intersection (union) of R-fuzzy Boolean algebra is still R-fuzzy Boolean algebra , and the homomorphic image (preimage) of R-fuzzy Boolean algebra is still R-fuzzy Boolean algebra.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Tomás L Gómez
2001-02-01
This is an expository article on the theory of algebraic stacks. After introducing the general theory, we concentrate in the example of the moduli stack of vector bundles, giving a detailed comparison with the moduli scheme obtained via geometric invariant theory.
Oliver, Bob; Pawałowski, Krzystof
1991-01-01
As part of the scientific activity in connection with the 70th birthday of the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, an international conference on algebraic topology was held. In the resulting proceedings volume, the emphasis is on substantial survey papers, some presented at the conference, some written subsequently.
Central simple Poisson algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SU Yucai; XU Xiaoping
2004-01-01
Poisson algebras are fundamental algebraic structures in physics and symplectic geometry. However, the structure theory of Poisson algebras has not been well developed. In this paper, we determine the structure of the central simple Poisson algebras related to locally finite derivations, over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero.The Lie algebra structures of these Poisson algebras are in general not finitely-graded.
Recursion and feedback in image algebra
Ritter, Gerhard X.; Davidson, Jennifer L.
1991-04-01
Recursion and feedback are two important processes in image processing. Image algebra, a unified algebraic structure developed for use in image processing and image analysis, provides a common mathematical environment for expressing image processing transforms. It is only recently that image algebra has been extended to include recursive operations [1]. Recently image algebra was shown to incorporate neural nets [2], including a new type of neural net, the morphological neural net [3]. This paper presents the relationship of the recursive image algebra to the field of fractions of the ring of matrices, and gives the two dimensional moving average filter as an example. Also, the popular multilayer perceptron with back propagation and a morphology neural network with learning rule are presented in image algebra notation. These examples show that image algebra can express these important feedback concepts in a succinct way.
Simplicities and Automorphisms of a Sp ecial Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YU De-min; LI Ai-hua
2013-01-01
In this paper, a special infinite dimensional Lie algebra is studied. The infinite dimensional Lie algebra appears in the fields of conformal theory, mathematical physics, statistic mechanics and Hamilton operator. The infinite dimensional Lie algebras is pop-ularized Virasoro-like Lie algebra. Isomorphisms, homomorphisms, ideals of the infinite dimensional Lie algebra are studied.
Derived Algebraic Geometry II: Noncommutative Algebra
Lurie, Jacob
2007-01-01
In this paper, we present an infinity-categorical version of the theory of monoidal categories. We show that the infinity category of spectra admits an essentially unique monoidal structure (such that the tensor product preserves colimits in each variable), and thereby recover the classical smash-product operation on spectra. We develop a general theory of algebras in a monoidal infinity category, which we use to (re)prove some basic results in the theory of associative ring spectra. We also develop an infinity-categorical theory of monads, and prove a version of the Barr-Beck theorem.
Algebraic Structures Of Neutrosophic Soft Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Asim Hussain
2015-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the algebraic operations of neutrosophic soft sets and their basic properties associated with these opertaions. And also define the associativity and distributivity of these operations. We discusse different algebraic structures, such as monoids, semiring and lattices, of neutrosophic soft sets.
Lutfiyya, Lutfi A
2012-01-01
REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Modern Algebra includes set theory, operations, relations, basic properties of the integers, group theory, and ring theory.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Casasent, D.; Ghosh, A.
1983-01-01
Many of the linear algebra operations and algorithms possible on optical matrix-vector processors are reviewed. Emphasis is given to the use of direct solutions and their realization on systolic optical processors. As an example, implicit and explicit solutions to partial differential equations are considered. The matrix-decomposition required is found to be the major operation recommended for optical realization. The pipelining and flow of data and operations are noted to be key issues in the realization of any algorithm on an optical systolic array processor. A realization of the direct solution by householder qr decomposition is provided as a specific case study. 19 references.
Nonmonotonic logics and algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHAKRABORTY Mihir Kr; GHOSH Sujata
2008-01-01
Several nonmonotonie logic systems together with their algebraic semantics are discussed. NM-algebra is defined.An elegant construction of an NM-algebra starting from a Boolean algebra is described which gives rise to a few interesting algebraic issues.
Iachello, F
1995-01-01
1. The Wave Mechanics of Diatomic Molecules. 2. Summary of Elements of Algebraic Theory. 3. Mechanics of Molecules. 4. Three-Body Algebraic Theory. 5. Four-Body Algebraic Theory. 6. Classical Limit and Coordinate Representation. 8. Prologue to the Future. Appendices. Properties of Lie Algebras; Coupling of Algebras; Hamiltonian Parameters
Clifford Algebras in Symplectic Geometry and Quantum Mechanics
Binz, Ernst; Hiley, Basil J
2011-01-01
The necessary appearance of Clifford algebras in the quantum description of fermions has prompted us to re-examine the fundamental role played by the quaternion Clifford algebra, C(0,2). This algebra is essentially the geometric algebra describing the rotational properties of space. Hidden within this algebra are symplectic structures with Heisenberg algebras at their core. This algebra also enables us to define a Poisson algebra of all homogeneous quadratic polynomials on a two-dimensional sub-space, Fa of the Euclidean three-space. This enables us to construct a Poisson Clifford algebra, H(F), of a finite dimensional phase space which will carry the dynamics. The quantum dynamics appears as a realization of H(F) in terms of a Clifford algebra consisting of Hermitian operators.
Perturbations of C*-algebraic Invariants
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Erik; Sinclair, Allan M.; Smith, Roger R.;
2010-01-01
The setting of the article is the so-called theory of perturbations of algebras of operators. It is shown that several of the properties a C*-algebra may have are preseved under pertubations. The main result states that Pisier's concept finite length is a stasble property.......The setting of the article is the so-called theory of perturbations of algebras of operators. It is shown that several of the properties a C*-algebra may have are preseved under pertubations. The main result states that Pisier's concept finite length is a stasble property....
Generalized Heisenberg algebras and Fibonacci series
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Souza, J de; Curado, E M F; Rego-Monteiro, M A [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisa Fisicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
2006-08-18
We have constructed a Heisenberg-type algebra generated by the Hamiltonian, the step operators and an auxiliary operator. This algebra describes quantum systems having eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian depending on the eigenvalues of the two previous levels. This happens, for example, for systems having the energy spectrum given by a Fibonacci sequence. Moreover, the algebraic structure depends on the two functions f(x) and g(x). When these two functions are linear we classify, analysing the stability of the fixed points of the functions, the possible representations for this algebra.
Parsing with Regular Expressions & Extensions to Kleene Algebra
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Grathwohl, Niels Bjørn Bugge
. In the second part of this thesis, we study two extensions to Kleene algebra. Chomsky algebra is an algebra with a structure similar to Kleene algebra, but with a generalized mu-operator for recursion instead of the Kleene star. We show that the axioms of idempotent semirings along with continuity of the mu......-operator completely axiomatize the equational theory of the context-free languages. KAT+B! is an extension to Kleene algebra with tests (KAT) that adds mutable state. We describe a test algebra B! for mutable tests and give a commutative coproduct between KATs. Combining the axioms of B! with those of KAT and some...
Algebras with actions and automata
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
W. Kühnel
1982-01-01
Full Text Available In the present paper we want to give a common structure theory of left action, group operations, R-modules and automata of different types defined over various kinds of carrier objects: sets, graphs, presheaves, sheaves, topological spaces (in particular: compactly generated Hausdorff spaces. The first section gives an axiomatic approach to algebraic structures relative to a base category B, slightly more powerful than that of monadic (tripleable functors. In section 2 we generalize Lawveres functorial semantics to many-sorted algebras over cartesian closed categories. In section 3 we treat the structures mentioned in the beginning as many-sorted algebras with fixed scalar or input object and show that they still have an algebraic (or monadic forgetful functor (theorem 3.3 and hence the general theory of algebraic structures applies. These structures were usually treated as one-sorted in the Lawvere-setting, the action being expressed by a family of unary operations indexed over the scalars. But this approach cannot, as the one developed here, describe continuity of the action (more general: the action to be a B-morphism, which is essential for the structures mentioned above, e.g. modules for a sheaf of rings or topological automata. Finally we discuss consequences of theorem 3.3 for the structure theory of various types of automata. The particular case of algebras with fixed natural numbers object has been studied by the authors in [23].
Mahé, Louis; Roy, Marie-Françoise
1992-01-01
Ten years after the first Rennes international meeting on real algebraic geometry, the second one looked at the developments in the subject during the intervening decade - see the 6 survey papers listed below. Further contributions from the participants on recent research covered real algebra and geometry, topology of real algebraic varieties and 16thHilbert problem, classical algebraic geometry, techniques in real algebraic geometry, algorithms in real algebraic geometry, semialgebraic geometry, real analytic geometry. CONTENTS: Survey papers: M. Knebusch: Semialgebraic topology in the last ten years.- R. Parimala: Algebraic and topological invariants of real algebraic varieties.- Polotovskii, G.M.: On the classification of decomposing plane algebraic curves.- Scheiderer, C.: Real algebra and its applications to geometry in the last ten years: some major developments and results.- Shustin, E.L.: Topology of real plane algebraic curves.- Silhol, R.: Moduli problems in real algebraic geometry. Further contribu...
Automorphisms and Derivations of the Insertion-Elimination Algebra and Related Graded Lie Algebras
Ondrus, Matthew; Wiesner, Emilie
2016-07-01
This paper addresses several structural aspects of the insertion-elimination algebra {mathfrak{g}}, a Lie algebra that can be realized in terms of tree-inserting and tree-eliminating operations on the set of rooted trees. In particular, we determine the finite-dimensional subalgebras of {mathfrak{g}}, the automorphism group of {mathfrak{g}}, the derivation Lie algebra of {mathfrak{g}}, and a generating set. Several results are stated in terms of Lie algebras admitting a triangular decomposition and can be used to reproduce results for the generalized Virasoro algebras.
Noncommutative geometry with graded differential Lie algebras
Wulkenhaar, Raimar
1997-06-01
Starting with a Hilbert space endowed with a representation of a unitary Lie algebra and an action of a generalized Dirac operator, we develop a mathematical concept towards gauge field theories. This concept shares common features with the Connes-Lott prescription of noncommutative geometry, differs from that, however, by the implementation of unitary Lie algebras instead of associative * -algebras. The general scheme is presented in detail and is applied to functions ⊗ matrices.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hoger GHAHRAMANI
2014-01-01
Let A be a subalgebra of B(X ) containing the identity operator I and an idem-potent P . Suppose that α,β :A→A are ring epimorphisms and there exists some nest N on X such thatα(P )(X ) andβ(P )(X ) are non-trivial elements of N . Let A contain all rank one operators in AlgN and δ :A→B(X ) be an additive mapping. It is shown that, if δ is (α,β)-derivable at zero point, then there exists an additive (α,β)-derivation τ : A→ B(X ) such that δ(A) = τ(A)+α(A)δ(I ) for all A ∈ A. It is also shown that if δ is generalized (α,β)-derivable at zero point, then δ is an additive generalized (α,β)-derivation. Moreover, by use of this result, the additive maps (generalized) (α,β)-derivable at zero point on several nest algebras, are also characterized.
Solvable quadratic Lie algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHU; Linsheng
2006-01-01
A Lie algebra endowed with a nondegenerate, symmetric, invariant bilinear form is called a quadratic Lie algebra. In this paper, the author investigates the structure of solvable quadratic Lie algebras, in particular, the solvable quadratic Lie algebras whose Cartan subalgebras consist of semi-simple elements, the author presents a procedure to construct a class of quadratic Lie algebras from the point of view of cohomology and shows that all solvable quadratic Lie algebras can be obtained in this way.
DÍaz, R.; Rivas, M.
2010-01-01
In order to study Boolean algebras in the category of vector spaces we introduce a prop whose algebras in set are Boolean algebras. A probabilistic logical interpretation for linear Boolean algebras is provided. An advantage of defining Boolean algebras in the linear category is that we are able to study its symmetric powers. We give explicit formulae for products in symmetric and cyclic Boolean algebras of various dimensions and formulate symmetric forms of the inclusion-exclusion principle.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
It is a small step toward the Koszul-type algebras. The piecewise-Koszul algebras are,in general, a new class of quadratic algebras but not the classical Koszul ones, simultaneously they agree with both the classical Koszul and higher Koszul algebras in special cases. We give a criteria theorem for a graded algebra A to be piecewise-Koszul in terms of its Yoneda-Ext algebra E(A), and show an A∞-structure on E(A). Relations between Koszul algebras and piecewise-Koszul algebras are discussed. In particular, our results are related to the third question of Green-Marcos.
Grätzer, George
1979-01-01
Universal Algebra, heralded as ". . . the standard reference in a field notorious for the lack of standardization . . .," has become the most authoritative, consistently relied on text in a field with applications in other branches of algebra and other fields such as combinatorics, geometry, and computer science. Each chapter is followed by an extensive list of exercises and problems. The "state of the art" account also includes new appendices (with contributions from B. Jónsson, R. Quackenbush, W. Taylor, and G. Wenzel) and a well-selected additional bibliography of over 1250 papers and books which makes this a fine work for students, instructors, and researchers in the field. "This book will certainly be, in the years to come, the basic reference to the subject." --- The American Mathematical Monthly (First Edition) "In this reviewer's opinion [the author] has more than succeeded in his aim. The problems at the end of each chapter are well-chosen; there are more than 650 of them. The book is especially sui...
Yoneda algebras of almost Koszul algebras
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Zheng Lijing
2015-11-01
Let be an algebraically closed field, a finite dimensional connected (, )-Koszul self-injective algebra with , ≥ 2. In this paper, we prove that the Yoneda algebra of is isomorphic to a twisted polynomial algebra $A^!$ [ ; ] in one indeterminate of degree +1 in which $A^!$ is the quadratic dual of , is an automorphism of $A^!$, and = () for each $t \\in A^!$. As a corollary, we recover Theorem 5.3 of [2].
Marchuk, Nikolay
2011-01-01
Exterior algebras and differential forms are widely used in many fields of modern mathematics and theoretical physics. In this paper we define a notion of $N$-metric exterior algebra, which depends on $N$ matrices of structure constants. The usual exterior algebra (Grassmann algebra) can be considered as 0-metric exterior algebra. Clifford algebra can be considered as 1-metric exterior algebra. $N$-metric exterior algebras for $N\\geq2$ can be considered as generalizations of the Grassmann algebra and Clifford algebra. Specialists consider models of gravity that based on a mathematical formalism with two metric tensors. We hope that the considered in this paper 2-metric exterior algebra can be useful for development of this model in gravitation theory. Especially in description of fermions in presence of a gravity field.
Symmetry via Lie algebra cohomology
Eastwood, Michael
2010-01-01
The Killing operator on a Riemannian manifold is a linear differential operator on vector fields whose kernel provides the infinitesimal Riemannian symmetries. The Killing operator is best understood in terms of its prolongation, which entails some simple tensor identities. These simple identities can be viewed as arising from the identification of certain Lie algebra cohomologies. The point is that this case provides a model for more complicated operators similarly concerned with symmetry.
WEAKLY ALGEBRAIC REFLEXIVITY AND STRONGLY ALGEBRAIC REFLEXIVITY
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
TaoChangli; LuShijie; ChenPeixin
2002-01-01
Algebraic reflexivity introduced by Hadwin is related to linear interpolation. In this paper, the concepts of weakly algebraic reflexivity and strongly algebraic reflexivity which are also related to linear interpolation are introduced. Some properties of them are obtained and some relations between them revealed.
Rigidification of algebras over essentially algebraic theories
Rosicky, J
2012-01-01
Badzioch and Bergner proved a rigidification theorem saying that each homotopy simplicial algebra is weakly equivalent to a simplicial algebra. The question is whether this result can be extended from algebraic theories to finite limit theories and from simplicial sets to more general monoidal model categories. We will present some answers to this question.
Alternative algebraic approaches in quantum chemistry
Mezey, Paul G.
2015-01-01
Various algebraic approaches of quantum chemistry all follow a common principle: the fundamental properties and interrelations providing the most essential features of a quantum chemical representation of a molecule or a chemical process, such as a reaction, can always be described by algebraic methods. Whereas such algebraic methods often provide precise, even numerical answers, nevertheless their main role is to give a framework that can be elaborated and converted into computational methods by involving alternative mathematical techniques, subject to the constraints and directions provided by algebra. In general, algebra describes sets of interrelations, often phrased in terms of algebraic operations, without much concern with the actual entities exhibiting these interrelations. However, in many instances, the very realizations of two, seemingly unrelated algebraic structures by actual quantum chemical entities or properties play additional roles, and unexpected connections between different algebraic structures are often giving new insight. Here we shall be concerned with two alternative algebraic structures: the fundamental group of reaction mechanisms, based on the energy-dependent topology of potential energy surfaces, and the interrelations among point symmetry groups for various distorted nuclear arrangements of molecules. These two, distinct algebraic structures provide interesting interrelations, which can be exploited in actual studies of molecular conformational and reaction processes. Two relevant theorems will be discussed.
The algebras of large N matrix mechanics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Halpern, M.B.; Schwartz, C.
1999-09-16
Extending early work, we formulate the large N matrix mechanics of general bosonic, fermionic and supersymmetric matrix models, including Matrix theory: The Hamiltonian framework of large N matrix mechanics provides a natural setting in which to study the algebras of the large N limit, including (reduced) Lie algebras, (reduced) supersymmetry algebras and free algebras. We find in particular a broad array of new free algebras which we call symmetric Cuntz algebras, interacting symmetric Cuntz algebras, symmetric Bose/Fermi/Cuntz algebras and symmetric Cuntz superalgebras, and we discuss the role of these algebras in solving the large N theory. Most important, the interacting Cuntz algebras are associated to a set of new (hidden!) local quantities which are generically conserved only at large N. A number of other new large N phenomena are also observed, including the intrinsic nonlocality of the (reduced) trace class operators of the theory and a closely related large N field identification phenomenon which is associated to another set (this time nonlocal) of new conserved quantities at large N.
Regular algebra and finite machines
Conway, John Horton
2012-01-01
World-famous mathematician John H. Conway based this classic text on a 1966 course he taught at Cambridge University. Geared toward graduate students of mathematics, it will also prove a valuable guide to researchers and professional mathematicians.His topics cover Moore's theory of experiments, Kleene's theory of regular events and expressions, Kleene algebras, the differential calculus of events, factors and the factor matrix, and the theory of operators. Additional subjects include event classes and operator classes, some regulator algebras, context-free languages, communicative regular alg
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Krishnaswami, Govind S [Institute for Theoretical Physics and Spinoza Institute, Utrecht University, Postbus 80.195, 3508 TD, Utrecht (Netherlands)], E-mail: govind.krishnaswami@durham.ac.uk
2008-04-11
We consider large-N multi-matrix models whose action closely mimics that of Yang-Mills theory, including gauge-fixing and ghost terms. We show that the factorized Schwinger-Dyson loop equations, expressed in terms of the generating series of gluon and ghost correlations G({xi}), are quadratic equations S{sup i}G=G{xi}{sup i}G in concatenation of correlations. The Schwinger-Dyson operator S{sup i} is built from the left annihilation operator, which does not satisfy the Leibnitz rule with respect to concatenation. So the loop equations are not differential equations. We show that left annihilation is a derivation of the graded shuffle product of gluon and ghost correlations. The shuffle product is the point-wise product of Wilson loops, expressed in terms of correlations. So in the limit where concatenation is approximated by shuffle products, the loop equations become differential equations. Remarkably, the Schwinger-Dyson operator as a whole is also a derivation of the graded shuffle product. This allows us to turn the loop equations into linear equations for the shuffle reciprocal, which might serve as a starting point for an approximation scheme.
包含紧算子理想的Toeplitz算子代数的刻画%A Character of Toeplitz Algebras Containing the Ideal of Compact Operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
许庆祥
2001-01-01
设G为一个torsion一free的离散群， (G，G+)为一个拟序群。记TG+(G)为相应的T0eplitz算子代数，K( 2(G+))为 2(G+)上的紧算子全体。本文证明了K( 2(G+)) TG+(G)当且仅当下列两个条件同时满足： (1)(G，G+)为一个序群； (2)G中存在一个最小的正元。%Let G be a discrete torsion-free group and (G, G+) a qua si-ordered group. Let TG+ (G) be the corresponding Toeplitz algebra. In this note, we show that TG+ (G) contains the ideal of compact operators on 2(G+) if and only if the following two conditions are satisfied: (1) (G, G+)is an ordered group; (2) G admits a least positive element.
The Yoneda algebra of a K_2 algebra need not be another K_2 algebra
Cassidy, T.; Phan, Van C.; Shelton, B.
2008-01-01
The Yoneda algebra of a Koszul algebra or a D-Koszul algebra is Koszul. K2 algebras are a natural generalization of Koszul algebras, and one would hope that the Yoneda algebra of a K2 algebra would be another K2 algebra. We show that this is not necessarily the case by constructing a monomial K2 algebra for which the corresponding Yoneda algebra is not K2.
RICCATI EQUATIONS ON NONCOMMUTATIVE BANACH ALGEBRAS
Curtain, Ruth
2011-01-01
Conditions for the existence of a solution of a Riccati equation to be in some prescribed noncommutative involutive Banach algebras are given. The Banach algebras are inverse-closed subalgebras of the space of bounded linear operators on some Hilbert space, and the Riccati equation has an exponentia
Algebraic cobordism theory attached to algebraic equivalence
Krishna, Amalendu
2012-01-01
After the algebraic cobordism theory of Levine-Morel, we develop a theory of algebraic cobordism modulo algebraic equivalence. We prove that this theory can reproduce Chow groups modulo algebraic equivalence and the zero-th semi-topological K-groups. We also show that with finite coefficients, this theory agrees with the algebraic cobordism theory. We compute our cobordism theory for some low dimensional or special types of varieties. The results on infinite generation of some Griffiths groups by Clemens and on smash-nilpotence by Voevodsky and Voisin are also lifted and reinterpreted in terms of this cobordism theory.
Workshop on Commutative Algebra
Simis, Aron
1990-01-01
The central theme of this volume is commutative algebra, with emphasis on special graded algebras, which are increasingly of interest in problems of algebraic geometry, combinatorics and computer algebra. Most of the papers have partly survey character, but are research-oriented, aiming at classification and structural results.
Probabilistic Concurrent Kleene Algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Annabelle McIver
2013-06-01
Full Text Available We provide an extension of concurrent Kleene algebras to account for probabilistic properties. The algebra yields a unified framework containing nondeterminism, concurrency and probability and is sound with respect to the set of probabilistic automata modulo probabilistic simulation. We use the resulting algebra to generalise the algebraic formulation of a variant of Jones' rely/guarantee calculus.
Generalized Quantum Current Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHAO Liu
2001-01-01
Two general families of new quantum-deformed current algebras are proposed and identified both as infinite Hopf family of algebras, a structure which enables one to define "tensor products" of these algebras. The standard quantum affine algebras turn out to be a very special case of the two algebra families, in which case the infinite Hopf family structure degenerates into a standard Hopf algebra. The relationship between the two algebraic families as well as thefr various special examples are discussed, and the free boson representation is also considered.
El-Chaar, Caroline
2012-01-01
In this thesis, four realizations of the Onsager algebra are explored. We begin with its original definition as introduced by Lars Onsager. We then examine how the Onsager algebra can be presented as a Lie algebra with two generators and two relations. The third realization of the Onsager algebra consists of viewing it as an equivariant map algebra which then gives us the tools to classify its closed ideals. Finally, we examine the Onsager algebra as a subalgebra of the tetrahedron algebra. Using this fourth realization, we explicitly describe all its ideals.
Algebraic Proofs over Noncommutative Formulas
Tzameret, Iddo
2010-01-01
We study possible formulations of algebraic propositional proof systems operating with noncommutative formulas. We observe that a simple formulation gives rise to systems at least as strong as Frege---yielding a semantic way to define a Cook-Reckhow (i.e., polynomially verifiable) algebraic analogue of Frege proofs, different from that given in [BIKPRS96,GH03]. We then turn to an apparently weaker system, namely, polynomial calculus (PC) where polynomials are written as ordered formulas ("PC over ordered formulas", for short). This is an algebraic propositional proof system that operates with noncommutative polynomials in which the order of products in all monomials respects a fixed linear order on the variables, and where proof-lines are written as noncommutative formulas. We show that the latter proof system is strictly stronger than resolution, polynomial calculus and polynomial calculus with resolution (PCR) and admits polynomial-size refutations for the pigeonhole principle and the Tseitin's formulas. We...
Perturbations of planar algebras
Das, Paramita; Gupta, Ved Prakash
2010-01-01
We introduce the concept of {\\em weight} of a planar algebra $P$ and construct a new planar algebra referred as the {\\em perturbation of $P$} by the weight. We establish a one-to-one correspondence between pivotal structures on 2-categories and perturbations of planar algebras by weights. To each bifinite bimodule over $II_1$-factors, we associate a {\\em bimodule planar algebra} bimodule corresponds naturally with sphericality of the bimodule planar algebra. As a consequence of this, we reproduce an extension of Jones' theorem (of associating 'subfactor planar algebras' to extremal subfactors). Conversely, given a bimodule planar algebra, we construct a bifinite bimodule whose associated bimodule planar algebra is the one which we start with using perturbations and Jones-Walker-Shlyakhtenko-Kodiyalam-Sunder method of reconstructing an extremal subfactor from a subfactor planar algebra. We show that the perturbation class of a bimodule planar algebra contains a unique spherical unimodular bimodule planar algeb...
Polynomial algebras Poisson with regular structure of simplectical leaf
Odesskij, A V
2002-01-01
The Poisson polynomial algebras with certain regularity conditions are studied. The linear structure on the dual spaces of the semisimple Lie algebras, the Sklyanin quadratic elliptical algebras as well as the polynomial algebras constitute, in particular, the algebras of this class. Simple determinate relations between the brackets and Kazimir operators are established. These relations determine, in particular, that the sum of the Kazimir operators grades coincides with the dimensionality of the algebra for the Sklyanin elliptical algebras. The examples of such algebras are presented and it is shown, that some of them are naturally generated in the Hamiltonian integrated systems. The new class of the two-particle integrable systems, depending elliptically both on the coordinates and pulses, is among these examples
On q-deformed infinite-dimensional n-algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lu Ding
2016-03-01
Full Text Available The q-deformation of the infinite-dimensional n-algebras is investigated. Based on the structure of the q-deformed Virasoro–Witt algebra, we derive a nontrivial q-deformed Virasoro–Witt n-algebra which is nothing but a sh-n-Lie algebra. Furthermore in terms of the pseud-differential operators, we construct the (cosine n-algebra and the q-deformed SDiff(T2 n-algebra. We find that they are the sh-n-Lie algebras for the n even case. In terms of the magnetic translation operators, an explicit physical realization of the (cosine n-algebra is given.
Bonatsos, D; Raychev, P P; Terziev, P A; Bonatsos, Dennis
2003-01-01
The rotational invariance under the usual physical angular momentum of the SUq(2) Hamiltonian for the description of rotational molecular spectra is explicitly proved and a connection of this Hamiltonian to the formalism of Amal'sky is provided. In addition, a new Hamiltonian for rotational spectra is introduced, based on the construction of irreducible tensor operators (ITOs) under SUq(2) and use of q-deformed tensor products and q-deformed Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. The rotational invariance of this SUq(2) ITO Hamiltonian under the usual physical angular momentum is explicitly proved and a simple closed expression for its energy spectrum (the ``hyperbolic tangent formula'') is introduced. Numerical tests against an experimental rotational band of HF are provided.
Yangians and transvector algebras
Molev, A. I.
1998-01-01
Olshanski's centralizer construction provides a realization of the Yangian for the Lie algebra gl(n) as a subalgebra in the projective limit of a chain of centralizers in the universal enveloping algebras. We give a modified version of this construction based on a quantum analog of Sylvester's theorem. We then use it to get an algebra homomorphism from the Yangian to the transvector algebra associated with the general linear Lie algebras. The results are applied to identify the elementary rep...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jia-feng; Lü
2007-01-01
[1]Priddy S.Koszul resolutions.Trans Amer Math Soc,152:39-60 (1970)[2]Beilinson A,Ginszburg V,Soergel W.Koszul duality patterns in representation theory.J Amer Math Soc,9:473-525 (1996)[3]Aquino R M,Green E L.On modules with linear presentations over Koszul algebras.Comm Algebra,33:19-36 (2005)[4]Green E L,Martinez-Villa R.Koszul and Yoneda algebras.Representation theory of algebras (Cocoyoc,1994).In:CMS Conference Proceedings,Vol 18.Providence,RI:American Mathematical Society,1996,247-297[5]Berger R.Koszulity for nonquadratic algebras.J Algebra,239:705-734 (2001)[6]Green E L,Marcos E N,Martinez-Villa R,et al.D-Koszul algebras.J Pure Appl Algebra,193:141-162(2004)[7]He J W,Lu D M.Higher Koszul Algebras and A-infinity Algebras.J Algebra,293:335-362 (2005)[8]Green E L,Marcos E N.δ-Koszul algebras.Comm Algebra,33(6):1753-1764 (2005)[9]Keller B.Introduction to A-infinity algebras and modules.Homology Homotopy Appl,3:1-35 (2001)[10]Green E L,Martinez-Villa R,Reiten I,et al.On modules with linear presentations.J Algebra,205(2):578-604 (1998)[11]Keller B.A-infinity algebras in representation theory.Contribution to the Proceedings of ICRA Ⅸ.Beijing:Peking University Press,2000[12]Lu D M,Palmieri J H,Wu Q S,et al.A∞-algebras for ring theorists.Algebra Colloq,11:91-128 (2004)[13]Weibel C A.An Introduction to homological algebra.Cambridge Studies in Avanced Mathematics,Vol 38.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,1995
Difficulties in initial algebra learning in Indonesia
Jupri, Al; Drijvers, Paul; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja
2014-12-01
Within mathematics curricula, algebra has been widely recognized as one of the most difficult topics, which leads to learning difficulties worldwide. In Indonesia, algebra performance is an important issue. In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2007, Indonesian students' achievement in the algebra domain was significantly below the average student performance in other Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. This fact gave rise to this study which aims to investigate Indonesian students' difficulties in algebra. In order to do so, a literature study was carried out on students' difficulties in initial algebra. Next, an individual written test on algebra tasks was administered, followed by interviews. A sample of 51 grade VII Indonesian students worked the written test, and 37 of them were interviewed afterwards. Data analysis revealed that mathematization, i.e., the ability to translate back and forth between the world of the problem situation and the world of mathematics and to reorganize the mathematical system itself, constituted the most frequently observed difficulty in both the written test and the interview data. Other observed difficulties concerned understanding algebraic expressions, applying arithmetic operations in numerical and algebraic expressions, understanding the different meanings of the equal sign, and understanding variables. The consequences of these findings on both task design and further research in algebra education are discussed.
Spacetime algebra and electron physics
Doran, C J L; Gull, S F; Somaroo, S; Challinor, A D
1996-01-01
This paper surveys the application of geometric algebra to the physics of electrons. It first appeared in 1996 and is reproduced here with only minor modifications. Subjects covered include non-relativistic and relativistic spinors, the Dirac equation, operators and monogenics, the Hydrogen atom, propagators and scattering theory, spin precession, tunnelling times, spin measurement, multiparticle quantum mechanics, relativistic multiparticle wave equations, and semiclassical mechanics.
Goldmann, H
1990-01-01
The first part of this monograph is an elementary introduction to the theory of Fréchet algebras. Important examples of Fréchet algebras, which are among those considered, are the algebra of all holomorphic functions on a (hemicompact) reduced complex space, and the algebra of all continuous functions on a suitable topological space.The problem of finding analytic structure in the spectrum of a Fréchet algebra is the subject of the second part of the book. In particular, the author pays attention to function algebraic characterizations of certain Stein algebras (= algebras of holomorphic functions on Stein spaces) within the class of Fréchet algebras.
Process algebra with four-valued logic
Bergstra, J.A.; Ponse, A.
2000-01-01
We propose a combination of a fragment of four-valued logic and process algebra. We present an operational semantics in SOS-style, and a completeness result for ACP with conditionals and four-valued logic.
Samuel, Pierre
2008-01-01
Algebraic number theory introduces students not only to new algebraic notions but also to related concepts: groups, rings, fields, ideals, quotient rings and quotient fields, homomorphisms and isomorphisms, modules, and vector spaces. Author Pierre Samuel notes that students benefit from their studies of algebraic number theory by encountering many concepts fundamental to other branches of mathematics - algebraic geometry, in particular.This book assumes a knowledge of basic algebra but supplements its teachings with brief, clear explanations of integrality, algebraic extensions of fields, Gal
Abian, Alexander
1973-01-01
Linear Associative Algebras focuses on finite dimensional linear associative algebras and the Wedderburn structure theorems.The publication first elaborates on semigroups and groups, rings and fields, direct sum and tensor product of rings, and polynomial and matrix rings. The text then ponders on vector spaces, including finite dimensional vector spaces and matrix representation of vectors. The book takes a look at linear associative algebras, as well as the idempotent and nilpotent elements of an algebra, ideals of an algebra, total matrix algebras and the canonical forms of matrices, matrix
Clifford Algebra with Mathematica
Aragon-Camarasa, G; Aragon, J L; Rodriguez-Andrade, M A
2008-01-01
The Clifford algebra of a n-dimensional Euclidean vector space provides a general language comprising vectors, complex numbers, quaternions, Grassman algebra, Pauli and Dirac matrices. In this work, a package for Clifford algebra calculations for the computer algebra program Mathematica is introduced through a presentation of the main ideas of Clifford algebras and illustrative examples. This package can be a useful computational tool since allows the manipulation of all these mathematical objects. It also includes the possibility of visualize elements of a Clifford algebra in the 3-dimensional space.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PENG Jia-yin
2011-01-01
The notions of norm and distance in BCI-algebras are introduced,and some basic properties in normed BCI-algebras are given.It is obtained that the isomorphic(homomorphic)image and inverse image of a normed BCI-algebra are still normed BCI-algebras.The relations of normaled properties between BCI-algebra and Cartesian product of BCIalgebras are investigated.The limit notion of sequence of points in normed BCI-algebras is introduced,and its related properties are investigated.
Boicescu, V; Georgescu, G; Rudeanu, S
1991-01-01
The Lukasiewicz-Moisil algebras were created by Moisil as an algebraic counterpart for the many-valued logics of Lukasiewicz. The theory of LM-algebras has developed to a considerable extent both as an algebraic theory of intrinsic interest and in view of its applications to logic and switching theory.This book gives an overview of the theory, comprising both classical results and recent contributions, including those of the authors. N-valued and &THgr;-valued algebras are presented, as well as &THgr;-algebras with negation.Mathematicians interested in lattice theory or symbolic logic, and computer scientists, will find in this monograph stimulating material for further research.
Renormalization automated by Hopf algebra
Broadhurst, D J
1999-01-01
It was recently shown that the renormalization of quantum field theory is organized by the Hopf algebra of decorated rooted trees, whose coproduct identifies the divergences requiring subtraction and whose antipode achieves this. We automate this process in a few lines of recursive symbolic code, which deliver a finite renormalized expression for any Feynman diagram. We thus verify a representation of the operator product expansion, which generalizes Chen's lemma for iterated integrals. The subset of diagrams whose forest structure entails a unique primitive subdivergence provides a representation of the Hopf algebra ${\\cal H}_R$ of undecorated rooted trees. Our undecorated Hopf algebra program is designed to process the 24,213,878 BPHZ contributions to the renormalization of 7,813 diagrams, with up to 12 loops. We consider 10 models, each in 9 renormalization schemes. The two simplest models reveal a notable feature of the subalgebra of Connes and Moscovici, corresponding to the commutative part of the Hopf ...
A Metric Conceptual Space Algebra
Adams, Benjamin; Raubal, Martin
The modeling of concepts from a cognitive perspective is important for designing spatial information systems that interoperate with human users. Concept representations that are built using geometric and topological conceptual space structures are well suited for semantic similarity and concept combination operations. In addition, concepts that are more closely grounded in the physical world, such as many spatial concepts, have a natural fit with the geometric structure of conceptual spaces. Despite these apparent advantages, conceptual spaces are underutilized because existing formalizations of conceptual space theory have focused on individual aspects of the theory rather than the creation of a comprehensive algebra. In this paper we present a metric conceptual space algebra that is designed to facilitate the creation of conceptual space knowledge bases and inferencing systems. Conceptual regions are represented as convex polytopes and context is built in as a fundamental element. We demonstrate the applicability of the algebra to spatial information systems with a proof-of-concept application.
Bounded Algebra and Current-Mode Digital Circuits
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Xunwei; Massoud Pedram
1999-01-01
This paper proposes two boundedarithmetic operations, which are easily realized with current signals.Based on these two operations, a bounded algebra system suitable fordescribing current-mode digital circuits is developed and itsrelationship with the Boolean algebra, which is suitable for representingvoltage-mode digital circuits, is investigated. Design procedure forcurrent-mode circuits using the proposed algebra system is demonstratedon a number of common circuit elements which are used to realizearithmetic operations, such as adders and multipliers.
The Lie algebra of the N=2-string
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kugel, K.
2006-07-01
The theory of generalized Kac-Moody algebras is a generalization of the theory of finite dimensional simple Lie algebras. The physical states of some compactified strings give realizations of generalized Kac-Moody algebras. For example the physical states of a bosonic string moving on a 26 dimensional torus form a generalized Kac-Moody algebra and the physical states of a N=1 string moving on a 10 dimensional torus form a generalized Kac-Moody superalgebra. A natural question is whether the physical states of the compactified N=2-string also realize such an algebra. In this thesis we construct the Lie algebra of the compactified N=2-string, study its properties and show that it is not a generalized Kac-Moody algebra. The Fock space of a N=2-string moving on a 4 dimensional torus can be described by a vertex algebra constructed from a rational lattice of signature (8,4). Here 6 coordinates with signature (4,2) come from the matter part and 6 coordinates with signature (4,2) come from the ghost part. The physical states are represented by the cohomology of the BRST-operator. The vertex algebra induces a product on the vector space of physical states that defines the structure of a Lie algebra on this space. This Lie algebra shares many properties with generalized Kac-Moody algebra but we will show that it is not a generalized Kac-Moody algebra. (orig.)
Homogeneous Construction of the Toroidal Lie Algebra of Type A1
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Haifeng Lian; Cui Chen; Qinzhu Wen
2007-01-01
In this paper,we consider an analogue of the level two homogeneous construc-tion of the affine Kac-Moody algebra A1(1) by vertex operators.We construct modules for the toroidal Lie algebra and the extended toroidal Lie algebra of type A1.We also prove that the module is completely reducible for the extended toroidal Lie algebra.
Hom-alternative algebras and Hom-Jordan algebras
Makhlouf, Abdenacer
2009-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to introduce Hom-alternative algebras and Hom-Jordan algebras. We discuss some of their properties and provide construction procedures using ordinary alternative algebras or Jordan algebras. Also, we show that a polarization of Hom-associative algebra leads to Hom-Jordan algebra.
Cellularity of diagram algebras as twisted semigroup algebras
Wilcox, Stewart
2010-01-01
The Temperley-Lieb and Brauer algebras and their cyclotomic analogues, as well as the partition algebra, are all examples of twisted semigroup algebras. We prove a general theorem about the cellularity of twisted semigroup algebras of regular semigroups. This theorem, which generalises a recent result of East about semigroup algebras of inverse semigroups, allows us to easily reproduce the cellularity of these algebras.
Advanced linear algebra for engineers with Matlab
Dianat, Sohail A
2009-01-01
Matrices, Matrix Algebra, and Elementary Matrix OperationsBasic Concepts and NotationMatrix AlgebraElementary Row OperationsSolution of System of Linear EquationsMatrix PartitionsBlock MultiplicationInner, Outer, and Kronecker ProductsDeterminants, Matrix Inversion and Solutions to Systems of Linear EquationsDeterminant of a MatrixMatrix InversionSolution of Simultaneous Linear EquationsApplications: Circuit AnalysisHomogeneous Coordinates SystemRank, Nu
Kimura, Yusuke
2015-07-01
It has been understood that correlation functions of multi-trace operators in SYM can be neatly computed using the group algebra of symmetric groups or walled Brauer algebras. On the other hand, such algebras have been known to construct 2D topological field theories (TFTs). After reviewing the construction of 2D TFTs based on symmetric groups, we construct 2D TFTs based on walled Brauer algebras. In the construction, the introduction of a dual basis manifests a similarity between the two theories. We next construct a class of 2D field theories whose physical operators have the same symmetry as multi-trace operators constructed from some matrices. Such field theories correspond to non-commutative Frobenius algebras. A matrix structure arises as a consequence of the noncommutativity. Correlation functions of the Gaussian complex multi-matrix models can be translated into correlation functions of the two-dimensional field theories.
Kimura, Yusuke
2014-01-01
It has been understood that correlation functions of multi-trace operators in N=4 SYM can be neatly computed using the group algebra of symmetric groups or walled Brauer algebras. On the other hand such algebras have been known to construct 2D topological field theories (TFTs). After reviewing the construction of 2D TFTs based on symmetric groups, we construct 2D TFTs based on walled Brauer algebras. In the construction, the introduction of a dual basis manifests a similarity between the two theories. We next construct a class of 2D field theories whose physical operators have the same symmetry as multi-trace operators constructed from some matrices. Such field theories correspond to non-commutative Frobenius algebras. A matrix structure arises as a consequence of the noncommutativity. Correlation functions of the Gaussian complex multi-matrix models can be translated into correlation functions of the two-dimensional field theories.
Operator algebra of orbifold models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dijkgraaf, R.; Vafa, C.; Verlinde, E.; Verlinde, H.
1989-07-01
We analyze the chiral properties of (orbifold) conformal field theories which are obtained from a given conformal field theory by modding out by a finite symmetry group. For a class of orbifolds, we derive the fusion rules by studying the modular transformation properties of the one-loop characters. The results are illustrated with explicit calculations of toroidal and c=1 models.
Derivations of certain operator algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jiankui Li
2000-01-01
conditions under which any derivation δ from into L(H must be inner. The conditions include (1 H−≠H, (2 0+≠0, (3 there is a nontrivial projection in which is in , and (4 δ is norm continuous. We also give some pplications.
Necessary conditions for ternary algebras
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fairlie, David B [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Nuyts, Jean, E-mail: david.fairlie@durham.ac.u, E-mail: jean.nuyts@umons.ac.b [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite de Mons, 20 Place du Parc, B-7000 Mons (Belgium)
2010-11-19
Ternary algebras, constructed from ternary commutators, or as we call them, ternutators, defined as the alternating sum of products of three operators, have been shown to satisfy cubic identities as necessary conditions for their existence. Here we examine the situation where we permit identities not solely constructed from ternutators or nested ternutators and we find that in general, these impose additional restrictions; for example, the anti-commutators or commutators of the operators must obey some linear relations among themselves.
Planar Algebra of the Subgroup-Subfactor
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Ved Prakash Gupta
2008-11-01
We give an identification between the planar algebra of the subgroup-subfactor $R \\rtimes H \\subset R \\rtimes G$ and the -invariant planar subalgebra of the planar algebra of the bipartite graph $\\star_n$, where $n=[G:H]$. The crucial step in this identification is an exhibition of a model for the basic construction tower, and thereafter of the standard invariant of $R \\rtimes H \\subset R \\rtimes G$ in terms of operator matrices. We also obtain an identification between the planar algebra of the fixed algebra subfactor $R^G \\subset R^H$ and the -invariant planar subalgebra of the planar algebra of the `flip’ of $\\star_n$.
Planar Algebra of the Subgroup-Subfactor
Gupta, Ved Prakash
2008-01-01
We give an identification between the planar algebra of the subgroup-subfactor $R \\rtimes H \\subset R \\rtimes G$ and the $G$-invariant planar subalgebra of the planar algebra of the bipartite graph $\\star_n$, where $n = [G : H]$. The crucial step in this identification is an exhibition of a model for the basic construction tower, and thereafter of the standard invariant, of $R \\rtimes H \\subset R \\rtimes G$ in terms of operator matrices. We also obtain an identification between the planar algebra of the fixed algebra subfactor $R^G \\subset R^H$ and the $G$-invariant planar subalgebra of the planar algebra of the `flip' of $\\star_n $.
Cylindric-like algebras and algebraic logic
Ferenczi, Miklós; Németi, István
2013-01-01
Algebraic logic is a subject in the interface between logic, algebra and geometry, it has strong connections with category theory and combinatorics. Tarski’s quest for finding structure in logic leads to cylindric-like algebras as studied in this book, they are among the main players in Tarskian algebraic logic. Cylindric algebra theory can be viewed in many ways: as an algebraic form of definability theory, as a study of higher-dimensional relations, as an enrichment of Boolean Algebra theory, or, as logic in geometric form (“cylindric” in the name refers to geometric aspects). Cylindric-like algebras have a wide range of applications, in, e.g., natural language theory, data-base theory, stochastics, and even in relativity theory. The present volume, consisting of 18 survey papers, intends to give an overview of the main achievements and new research directions in the past 30 years, since the publication of the Henkin-Monk-Tarski monographs. It is dedicated to the memory of Leon Henkin.
Lie Algebra of Noncommutative Inhomogeneous Hopf Algebra
Lagraa, M
1997-01-01
We construct the vector space dual to the space of right-invariant differential forms construct from a first order differential calculus on inhomogeneous quantum group. We show that this vector space is equipped with a structure of a Hopf algebra which closes on a noncommutative Lie algebra satisfying a Jacobi identity.
Categories and Commutative Algebra
Salmon, P
2011-01-01
L. Badescu: Sur certaines singularites des varietes algebriques.- D.A. Buchsbaum: Homological and commutative algebra.- S. Greco: Anelli Henseliani.- C. Lair: Morphismes et structures algebriques.- B.A. Mitchell: Introduction to category theory and homological algebra.- R. Rivet: Anneaux de series formelles et anneaux henseliens.- P. Salmon: Applicazioni della K-teoria all'algebra commutativa.- M. Tierney: Axiomatic sheaf theory: some constructions and applications.- C.B. Winters: An elementary lecture on algebraic spaces.
Algebraic statistics computational commutative algebra in statistics
Pistone, Giovanni; Wynn, Henry P
2000-01-01
Written by pioneers in this exciting new field, Algebraic Statistics introduces the application of polynomial algebra to experimental design, discrete probability, and statistics. It begins with an introduction to Gröbner bases and a thorough description of their applications to experimental design. A special chapter covers the binary case with new application to coherent systems in reliability and two level factorial designs. The work paves the way, in the last two chapters, for the application of computer algebra to discrete probability and statistical modelling through the important concept of an algebraic statistical model.As the first book on the subject, Algebraic Statistics presents many opportunities for spin-off research and applications and should become a landmark work welcomed by both the statistical community and its relatives in mathematics and computer science.
Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra
Darley, Joy W.; Leapard, Barbara B.
2010-01-01
Algebraic thinking is a top priority in mathematics classrooms today. Because elementary school teachers lay the groundwork to develop students' capacity to think algebraically, it is crucial for teachers to have a conceptual understanding of the connections between arithmetic and algebra and be confident in communicating these connections. Many…
Bergstra, J.A.; Fokkink, W.J.; Middelburg, C.A.
2008-01-01
Timed frames are introduced as objects that can form a basis of a model theory for discrete time process algebra. An algebraic setting for timed frames is proposed and results concerning its connection with discrete time process algebra are given. The presented theory of timed frames captures the ba
Deficiently Extremal Gorenstein Algebras
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Pavinder Singh
2011-08-01
The aim of this article is to study the homological properties of deficiently extremal Gorenstein algebras. We prove that if / is an odd deficiently extremal Gorenstein algebra with pure minimal free resolution, then the codimension of / must be odd. As an application, the structure of pure minimal free resolution of a nearly extremal Gorenstein algebra is obtained.
REAL PIECEWISE ALGEBRAIC VARIETY
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Ren-hong Wang; Yi-sheng Lai
2003-01-01
We give definitions of real piecewise algebraic variety and its dimension. By using the techniques of real radical ideal, P-radical ideal, affine Hilbert polynomial, Bernstein-net form of polynomials on simplex, and decomposition of semi-algebraic set, etc., we deal with the dimension of the real piecewise algebraic variety and real Nullstellensatz in Cμ spline ring.
The Symmetric Tensor Lichnerowicz Algebra and a Novel Associative Fourier-Jacobi Algebra
Karl Hallowell; Andrew Waldron
2007-01-01
Lichnerowicz's algebra of differential geometric operators acting on symmetric tensors can be obtained from generalized geodesic motion of an observer carrying a complex tangent vector. This relation is based upon quantizing the classical evolution equations, and identifying wavefunctions with sections of the symmetric tensor bundle and Noether charges with geometric operators. In general curved spaces these operators obey a deformation of the Fourier-Jacobi Lie algebra of sp(2,R). These resu...
Bases of Schur algebras associated to cellularly stratified diagram algebras
Bowman, C
2011-01-01
We examine homomorphisms between induced modules for a certain class of cellularly stratified diagram algebras, including the BMW algebra, Temperley-Lieb algebra, Brauer algebra, and (quantum) walled Brauer algebra. We define the `permutation' modules for these algebras, these are one-sided ideals which allow us to study the diagrammatic Schur algebras of Hartmann, Henke, Koenig and Paget. We construct bases of these Schur algebras in terms of modified tableaux. On the way we prove that the (quantum) walled Brauer algebra and the Temperley-Lieb algebra are both cellularly stratified and therefore have well-defined Specht filtrations.
Krichever-Novikov type algebras theory and applications
Schlichenmaier, Martin
2014-01-01
Krichever and Novikov introduced certain classes of infinite dimensionalLie algebrasto extend the Virasoro algebra and its related algebras to Riemann surfaces of higher genus. The author of this book generalized and extended them toa more general setting needed by the applications. Examples of applications are Conformal Field Theory, Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten models, moduli space problems, integrable systems, Lax operator algebras, and deformation theory of Lie algebra. Furthermore they constitute an important class of infinite dimensional Lie algebras which due to their geometric origin are
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Antonio J Calderón Martín; Manuel Forero Piulestán; José M Sánchez Delgado
2012-05-01
We study the structure of split Malcev algebras of arbitrary dimension over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. We show that any such algebras is of the form $M=\\mathcal{U}+\\sum_jI_j$ with $\\mathcal{U}$ a subspace of the abelian Malcev subalgebra and any $I_j$ a well described ideal of satisfying $[I_j, I_k]=0$ if ≠ . Under certain conditions, the simplicity of is characterized and it is shown that is the direct sum of a semisimple split Lie algebra and a direct sum of simple non-Lie Malcev algebras.
Algorithms in Algebraic Geometry
Dickenstein, Alicia; Sommese, Andrew J
2008-01-01
In the last decade, there has been a burgeoning of activity in the design and implementation of algorithms for algebraic geometric computation. Some of these algorithms were originally designed for abstract algebraic geometry, but now are of interest for use in applications and some of these algorithms were originally designed for applications, but now are of interest for use in abstract algebraic geometry. The workshop on Algorithms in Algebraic Geometry that was held in the framework of the IMA Annual Program Year in Applications of Algebraic Geometry by the Institute for Mathematics and Its
Shilov, Georgi E
1977-01-01
Covers determinants, linear spaces, systems of linear equations, linear functions of a vector argument, coordinate transformations, the canonical form of the matrix of a linear operator, bilinear and quadratic forms, Euclidean spaces, unitary spaces, quadratic forms in Euclidean and unitary spaces, finite-dimensional space. Problems with hints and answers.
Lectures on algebraic statistics
Drton, Mathias; Sullivant, Seth
2009-01-01
How does an algebraic geometer studying secant varieties further the understanding of hypothesis tests in statistics? Why would a statistician working on factor analysis raise open problems about determinantal varieties? Connections of this type are at the heart of the new field of "algebraic statistics". In this field, mathematicians and statisticians come together to solve statistical inference problems using concepts from algebraic geometry as well as related computational and combinatorial techniques. The goal of these lectures is to introduce newcomers from the different camps to algebraic statistics. The introduction will be centered around the following three observations: many important statistical models correspond to algebraic or semi-algebraic sets of parameters; the geometry of these parameter spaces determines the behaviour of widely used statistical inference procedures; computational algebraic geometry can be used to study parameter spaces and other features of statistical models.
Geometry of the gauge algebra in noncommutative Yang-Mills theory
Lizzi, Fedele; Zampini, Alessandro; Szabo, Richard J.
2001-08-01
A detailed description of the infinite-dimensional Lie algebra of star-gauge transformations in non-commutative Yang-Mills theory is presented. Various descriptions of this algebra are given in terms of inner automorphisms of the underlying deformed algebra of functions on spacetime, of deformed symplectic diffeomorphisms, of the infinite unitary Lie algebra u(∞), and of the C*-algebra of compact operators on a quantum mechanical Hilbert space. The spacetime and string interpretations are also elucidated.
Geometry of the Gauge Algebra in Noncommutative Yang-Mills Theory
Lizzi, F; Zampini, A
2001-01-01
A detailed description of the infinite-dimensional Lie algebra of star-gauge transformations in noncommutative Yang-Mills theory is presented. Various descriptions of this algebra are given in terms of inner automorphisms of the underlying deformed algebra of functions on spacetime, of deformed symplectic diffeomorphisms, of the infinite unitary Lie algebra, and of the algebra of compact operators on a quantum mechanical Hilbert space. The spacetime and string interpretations are also elucidated.
三角Banach代数的等距同构%ISOMETRIC ISOMORPHISMS OF TRIANGULAR BANACH ALGEBRAS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
骆建文; 陆芳言
2000-01-01
Let (X) and (X) be Banach algebras.Let (X) be a Banach (X),(X)-module with bounded 1.Then (X) is a Banach algebra with the usual operations and the norm ‖［AOMB］‖=‖A‖+‖M‖+‖B‖.Such an algebra is called a triangular Banach algebra.In this paper the isometric isomorphisms of triangular Banach algebras are characterized.
Algebra a complete introduction : teach yourself
Neill, Hugh
2013-01-01
Algebra: A Complete Introduction is the most comprehensive yet easy-to-use introduction to using Algebra. Written by a leading expert, this book will help you if you are studying for an important exam or essay, or if you simply want to improve your knowledge. The book covers all the key areas of algebra including elementary operations, linear equations, formulae, simultaneous equations, quadratic equations, logarithms, variation, laws and sequences. Everything you will need is here in this one book. Each chapter includes not only an explanation of the knowledge and skills you need, but also worked examples and test questions.
Algebraic-statistical approach to quantum mechanics
Slavnov, D A
2001-01-01
It is proposed the scheme of quantum mechanics, in which a Hilbert space and the linear operators are not primary elements of the theory. Instead of it certain variant of the algebraic approach is considered. The elements of noncommutative algebra (observables) and the nonlinear functionals on this algebra (physical states) are used as the primary constituents. The functionals associate with results of a particular measurement. It is suggested to consider certain ensembles of the physical states as quantum states of the standart quantum mechanics. It is shown that in such scheme the mathematical formalism of the standart quantum mechanics can be reproduced completely.
The Boolean algebra and central Galois algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
George Szeto
2001-01-01
Full Text Available Let B be a Galois algebra with Galois group G, Jg={b∈B∣bx=g(xb for all x∈B} for g∈G, and BJg=Beg for a central idempotent eg. Then a relation is given between the set of elements in the Boolean algebra (Ba,≤ generated by {0,eg∣g∈G} and a set of subgroups of G, and a central Galois algebra Be with a Galois subgroup of G is characterized for an e∈Ba.
ALGEBRAIC OPERATION OF SPECIAL MATRICES RELATED TO METHOD OF LEAST SQUARES%最小二乘法相关的一类特殊矩阵的代数运算
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
许甫华
2003-01-01
The following situation in using the method of least squares to solve problems often occurs.After m experiments completed and a solution of least squares obtained,the (m+1)-th experiment is made further in order to improve the results.A method of algebraic operation of special matrices involved in the problem is given in this paper for obtaining a new solution for the m+1 experiments based upon the old solution for the primary m experiments. This method is valid for more general matrices.
An elliptic quantum algebra for sl$_{2}$
Foda, O E; Jimbo, M; Kedem, R; Miwa, T; Yan, H
1994-01-01
An elliptic deformation of \\widehat{sl}_2 is proposed. Our presentation of the algebra is based on the relation RLL=LLR^*, where R and R^* are eight-vertex R-matrices with the elliptic moduli chosen differently. In the trigonometric limit, this algebra reduces to a quotient of that proposed by Reshetikhin and Semenov-Tian-Shansky. Conjectures concerning highest weight modules and vertex operators are formulated, and the physical interpretation of R^* is discussed.
Linear Maps Preserving Idempotence on Nest Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jian Lian CUI; Jin Chuan HOU
2004-01-01
In this paper, we discuss the rank-1-preserving linear maps on nest algebras of Hilbertspace operators. We obtain several characterizations of such linear maps and apply them to show that a weakly continuous linear bijection on an atomic nest algebra is idempotent preserving if and only if it is a Jordan homomorphism, and in turn, if and only if it is an automorphism or an anti-automorphism.
Linear algebra meets Lie algebra: the Kostant-Wallach theory
Shomron, Noam; Parlett, Beresford N.
2008-01-01
In two languages, Linear Algebra and Lie Algebra, we describe the results of Kostant and Wallach on the fibre of matrices with prescribed eigenvalues of all leading principal submatrices. In addition, we present a brief introduction to basic notions in Algebraic Geometry, Integrable Systems, and Lie Algebra aimed at specialists in Linear Algebra.
Combinatorial Algebra for second-quantized Quantum Theory
Blasiak, P; Solomon, A I; Horzela, A; Penson, K A
2010-01-01
We describe an algebra G of diagrams which faithfully gives a diagrammatic representation of the structures of both the Heisenberg-Weyl algebra H - the associative algebra of the creation and annihilation operators of quantum mechanics - and U(L_H), the enveloping algebra of the Heisenberg Lie algebra L_H. We show explicitly how G may be endowed with the structure of a Hopf algebra, which is also mirrored in the structure of U(L_H). While both H and U(L_H) are images of G, the algebra G has a richer structure and therefore embodies a finer combinatorial realization of the creation-annihilation system, of which it provides a concrete model.
The Hall Algebra of Cyclic Serial Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭晋云
1994-01-01
In this paper, orders <1 and <2 on ((Z)+)nm are introduced and also regarded as orders on the isomorphism classes of finite modules of finite .cyclic algebra R with n simple modules and all the indecomposable projective modules have length m through a one-to-one correspondence between ((Z)+)nm and the isomorphism classes of finite R modules. Using this we prove that the Hall algebra of a cyclic serial algebra is identified with its Loewy subalgebra, and its rational extension has a basis of BPW type, and is a (((Z)+)nm, <2) filtered ring with the associated graded ring as an iterated skew polynomial ring. These results are also generalized to the Hall algebra of a tube over a finite field.
Algebras of Quantum Variables for Loop Quantum Gravity, I. Overview
Kaminski, Diana
2011-01-01
The operator algebraic framework plays an important role in mathematical physics. Many different operator algebras exist for example for a theory of quantum mechanics. In Loop Quantum Gravity only two algebras have been introduced until now. In the project about 'Algebras of Quantum Variables (AQV) for LQG' the known holonomy-flux *-algebra and the Weyl C*-algebra will be modified and a set of new algebras will be proposed and studied. The idea of the construction of these algebras is to establish a finite set of operators, which generates (in the sense of Woronowicz, Schm\\"udgen and Inoue) the different O*- or C*-algebras of quantum gravity and to use inductive limits of these algebras. In the Loop Quantum Gravity approach usually the basic classical variables are connections and fluxes. Studying the three constraints appearing in the canonical quantisation of classical general relativity in the ADM-formalism some other variables like curvature appear. Consequently the main difficulty of a quantisation of gr...
On W algebras commuting with a set of screenings
Litvinov, Alexey
2016-01-01
We consider the problem of classification of all W algebras which commute with a set of exponential screening operators. Assuming that the W algebra has a nontrivial current of spin 3, we find equations satisfied by the screening operators and classify their solutions.
On W algebras commuting with a set of screenings
Litvinov, Alexey; Spodyneiko, Lev
2016-11-01
We consider the problem of classification of all W algebras which commute with a set of exponential screening operators. Assuming that the W algebra has a nontrivial current of spin 3, we find equations satisfied by the screening operators and classify their solutions.
Sahai, Vivek
2013-01-01
Beginning with the basic concepts of vector spaces such as linear independence, basis and dimension, quotient space, linear transformation and duality with an exposition of the theory of linear operators on a finite dimensional vector space, this book includes the concept of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, diagonalization, triangulation and Jordan and rational canonical forms. Inner product spaces which cover finite dimensional spectral theory and an elementary theory of bilinear forms are also discussed. This new edition of the book incorporates the rich feedback of its readers. We have added new subject matter in the text to make the book more comprehensive. Many new examples have been discussed to illustrate the text. More exercises have been included. We have taken care to arrange the exercises in increasing order of difficulty. There is now a new section of hints for almost all exercises, except those which are straightforward, to enhance their importance for individual study and for classroom use.
Evolution algebras and their applications
Tian, Jianjun Paul
2008-01-01
Behind genetics and Markov chains, there is an intrinsic algebraic structure. It is defined as a type of new algebra: as evolution algebra. This concept lies between algebras and dynamical systems. Algebraically, evolution algebras are non-associative Banach algebras; dynamically, they represent discrete dynamical systems. Evolution algebras have many connections with other mathematical fields including graph theory, group theory, stochastic processes, dynamical systems, knot theory, 3-manifolds, and the study of the Ihara-Selberg zeta function. In this volume the foundation of evolution algebra theory and applications in non-Mendelian genetics and Markov chains is developed, with pointers to some further research topics.
Finite-dimensional (*)-serial algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2010-01-01
Let A be a finite-dimensional associative algebra with identity over a field k. In this paper we introduce the concept of (*)-serial algebras which is a generalization of serial algebras. We investigate the properties of (*)-serial algebras, and we obtain suficient and necessary conditions for an associative algebra to be (*)-serial.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. A. Borzooei
2006-01-01
Full Text Available We study hyper BCC-algebras which are a common generalization of BCC-algebras and hyper BCK-algebras. In particular, we investigate different types of hyper BCC-ideals and describe the relationship among them. Next, we calculate all nonisomorphic 22 hyper BCC-algebras of order 3 of which only three are not hyper BCK-algebras.
Borzooei, R. A.; Dudek, W. A.; Koohestani, N.
2006-01-01
We study hyper BCC-algebras which are a common generalization of BCC-algebras and hyper BCK-algebras. In particular, we investigate different types of hyper BCC-ideals and describe the relationship among them. Next, we calculate all nonisomorphic 22 hyper BCC-algebras of order 3 of which only three are not hyper BCK-algebras.
On the Toroidal Leibniz Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Dong LIU; Lei LIN
2008-01-01
Toroidal Leibniz algebras are the universal central extensions of the iterated loop algebras gOC[t±11 ,...,t±v1] in the category of Leibniz algebras. In this paper, some properties and representations of toroidal Leibniz algebras are studied. Some general theories of central extensions of Leibniz algebras are also obtained.
BLAS- BASIC LINEAR ALGEBRA SUBPROGRAMS
Krogh, F. T.
1994-01-01
The Basic Linear Algebra Subprogram (BLAS) library is a collection of FORTRAN callable routines for employing standard techniques in performing the basic operations of numerical linear algebra. The BLAS library was developed to provide a portable and efficient source of basic operations for designers of programs involving linear algebraic computations. The subprograms available in the library cover the operations of dot product, multiplication of a scalar and a vector, vector plus a scalar times a vector, Givens transformation, modified Givens transformation, copy, swap, Euclidean norm, sum of magnitudes, and location of the largest magnitude element. Since these subprograms are to be used in an ANSI FORTRAN context, the cases of single precision, double precision, and complex data are provided for. All of the subprograms have been thoroughly tested and produce consistent results even when transported from machine to machine. BLAS contains Assembler versions and FORTRAN test code for any of the following compilers: Lahey F77L, Microsoft FORTRAN, or IBM Professional FORTRAN. It requires the Microsoft Macro Assembler and a math co-processor. The PC implementation allows individual arrays of over 64K. The BLAS library was developed in 1979. The PC version was made available in 1986 and updated in 1988.
Algebra Automorphisms of Quantized Enveloping Algebras Uq(■)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
查建国
1994-01-01
The algebra automorphisms of the quantized enveloping algebra Uq(g) are discussed, where q is generic. To some extent, all quantum deformations of automorphisms of the simple Lie algebra g have been determined.
Cayley-Dickson and Clifford Algebras as Twisted Group Algebras
Bales, John W
2011-01-01
The effect of some properties of twisted groups on the associated algebras, particularly Cayley-Dickson and Clifford algebras. It is conjectured that the Hilbert space of square-summable sequences is a Cayley-Dickson algebra.
Prediction of Algebraic Instabilities
Zaretzky, Paula; King, Kristina; Hill, Nicole; Keithley, Kimberlee; Barlow, Nathaniel; Weinstein, Steven; Cromer, Michael
2016-11-01
A widely unexplored type of hydrodynamic instability is examined - large-time algebraic growth. Such growth occurs on the threshold of (exponentially) neutral stability. A new methodology is provided for predicting the algebraic growth rate of an initial disturbance, when applied to the governing differential equation (or dispersion relation) describing wave propagation in dispersive media. Several types of algebraic instabilities are explored in the context of both linear and nonlinear waves.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Frank Roumen
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We will define two ways to assign cohomology groups to effect algebras, which occur in the algebraic study of quantum logic. The first way is based on Connes' cyclic cohomology. The resulting cohomology groups are related to the state space of the effect algebra, and can be computed using variations on the Kunneth and Mayer-Vietoris sequences. The second way involves a chain complex of ordered abelian groups, and gives rise to a cohomological characterization of state extensions on effect algebras. This has applications to no-go theorems in quantum foundations, such as Bell's theorem.
Algebraic extensions of fields
McCarthy, Paul J
1991-01-01
""...clear, unsophisticated and direct..."" - MathThis textbook is intended to prepare graduate students for the further study of fields, especially algebraic number theory and class field theory. It presumes some familiarity with topology and a solid background in abstract algebra. Chapter 1 contains the basic results concerning algebraic extensions. In addition to separable and inseparable extensions and normal extensions, there are sections on finite fields, algebraically closed fields, primitive elements, and norms and traces. Chapter 2 is devoted to Galois theory. Besides the fundamenta
Balan, Adriana
2010-01-01
We extend Barr's well-known characterization of the final coalgebra of a $Set$-endofunctor as the completion of its initial algebra to the Eilenberg-Moore category of algebras for a $Set$-monad $\\mathbf{M}$ for functors arising as liftings. As an application we introduce the notion of commuting pair of endofunctors with respect to the monad $\\mathbf{M}$ and show that under reasonable assumptions, the final coalgebra of one of the endofunctors involved can be obtained as the free algebra generated by the initial algebra of the other endofunctor.
Underwood, Robert G
2015-01-01
This text aims to provide graduate students with a self-contained introduction to topics that are at the forefront of modern algebra, namely, coalgebras, bialgebras, and Hopf algebras. The last chapter (Chapter 4) discusses several applications of Hopf algebras, some of which are further developed in the author’s 2011 publication, An Introduction to Hopf Algebras. The book may be used as the main text or as a supplementary text for a graduate algebra course. Prerequisites for this text include standard material on groups, rings, modules, algebraic extension fields, finite fields, and linearly recursive sequences. The book consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 introduces algebras and coalgebras over a field K; Chapter 2 treats bialgebras; Chapter 3 discusses Hopf algebras and Chapter 4 consists of three applications of Hopf algebras. Each chapter begins with a short overview and ends with a collection of exercises which are designed to review and reinforce the material. Exercises range from straightforw...
Solomon, Alan D
2012-01-01
REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Boolean Algebra includes set theory, sentential calculus, fundamental ideas of Boolean algebras, lattices, rings and Boolean algebras, the structure of a Boolean algebra, and Boolean
Differential Hopf algebra structures on the universal enveloping algebra ofa Lie algebra
Hijligenberg, N.W. van den; Martini, R.
1995-01-01
We discuss a method to construct a De Rham complex (differential algebra) of Poincar'e-Birkhoff-Witt-type on the universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra $g$. We determine the cases in which this gives rise to a differential Hopf algebra that naturally extends the Hopf algebra structure of $U(g
Tubular algebras and affine Kac-Moody algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to construct quotient algebras L(A)1C/I(A) of complex degenerate composition Lie algebras L(A)1C by some ideals, where L(A)1C is defined via Hall algebras of tubular algebras A, and to prove that the quotient algebras L(A)1C/I(A) are isomorphic to the corresponding affine Kac-Moody algebras. Moreover, it is shown that the Lie algebra Lre(A)1C generated by A-modules with a real root coincides with the degenerate composition Lie algebra L(A)1C generated by simple A-modules.
Tubular algebras and affine Kac-Moody algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zheng-xin CHEN; Ya-nan LIN
2007-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to construct quotient algebras L(A)C1/I(A) of complex degenerate composition Lie algebras L(A)C1 by some ideals, where L(A)C1 is defined via Hall algebras of tubular algebras A, and to prove that the quotient algebras L(A)C1/I(A) are isomorphic to the corresponding affine Kac-Moody algebras. Moreover, it is shown that the Lie algebra Lre(A)C1 generated by A-modules with a real root coincides with the degenerate composition Lie algebra L(A)C1 generated by simple A-modules.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Cătălin Ciupală
2005-02-01
In this paper we introduce non-commutative fields and forms on a new kind of non-commutative algebras: -algebras. We also define the Frölicher–Nijenhuis bracket in the non-commutative geometry on -algebras.
Aspects of infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra
Aizawa, N.; Segar, J.
2016-12-01
In this work, we construct an infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra, which is a generalization of the ℓ = 1 algebra found in the literature. We give a classification of central extensions, the vector field representation, the coadjoint representation, and the operator product expansion of the infinite dimensional ℓ-super Galilean conformal algebra, keeping possible applications in physics and mathematics in mind.
Mathematical methods linear algebra normed spaces distributions integration
Korevaar, Jacob
1968-01-01
Mathematical Methods, Volume I: Linear Algebra, Normed Spaces, Distributions, Integration focuses on advanced mathematical tools used in applications and the basic concepts of algebra, normed spaces, integration, and distributions.The publication first offers information on algebraic theory of vector spaces and introduction to functional analysis. Discussions focus on linear transformations and functionals, rectangular matrices, systems of linear equations, eigenvalue problems, use of eigenvectors and generalized eigenvectors in the representation of linear operators, metric and normed vector
Instantaneous Point, Line, and Plane Motions Using a Clifford Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Kwun-Lon Ting; Yi Zhang
2004-01-01
The motions of points, lines, and planes, embedded in a rigid body are expressed in a unified algebraic framework using a Clifford algebra. A Clifford algebra based displacement operator is addressed and its higher derivatives from which the coordinate-independent characteristic numbers with simple geometric meaning are defined. Because of the coordinate independent feature, no tedious coordinate transformation typically found in the conventional instantaneous invariants methods is needed.
Using Geometry to teach and learn Linear Algebra
Gueudet, Ghislaine
2006-01-01
International audience; Linear algebra is a difficult topic for undergraduate students. In France, the focus of beginning linear algebra courses is the study of abstract vector spaces, with or without an inner product, rather than matrix operations as is common in many other countries. This paper presents a study of the possible uses of geometry and "geometrical intuition" in the teaching and learning of linear algebra. Fischbein's work on intuition in science and mathematics is used to analy...
Remarks on the continuous L^2-cohomology of von Neumann algebras
Alekseev, Vadim
2011-01-01
We prove that norm continuous derivations from a von Neumann algebra into the algebra of operators affiliated with its tensor square are automatically continuous for the strong operator topology as well. From this we rederive previously known computational results regarding the first continuous L^2-Betti number for von Neumann algebras, and furthermore prove that it vanishes whenever the von Neumann algebra in question is a property (T) factor.
A Representation of Quantum Measurement in Nonassociative Algebras
Niestegge, Gerd
2010-01-01
Starting from an abstract setting for the Lueders - von Neumann quantum measurement process and its interpretation as a probability conditionalization rule in a non-Boolean event structure, the author derived a certain generalization of operator algebras in a preceding paper. This is an order-unit space with some specific properties. It becomes a Jordan operator algebra under a certain set of additional conditions, but does not own a multiplication operation in the most general case. A major objective of the present paper is the search for such examples of the structure mentioned above that do not stem from Jordan operator algebras; first natural candidates are matrix algebras over the octonions and other nonassociative rings. Therefore, the case when a nonassociative commutative multiplication exists is studied without assuming that it satisfies the Jordan condition. The characteristics of the resulting algebra are analyzed. This includes the uniqueness of the spectral resolution as well as a criterion for i...
Symplectic maps from cluster algebras
Fordy, Allan
2011-01-01
We consider nonlinear recurrences generated from the iteration of maps that arise from cluster algebras. More precisely, starting from a skew-symmetric integer matrix, or its corresponding %associated quiver, one can define a set of mutation operations, as well as a set of associated cluster mutations that are applied to a set of affine coordinates (the cluster variables). Fordy and Marsh recently provided a complete classification of all such quivers that have a certain periodicity property under sequences of mutations. This periodicity implies that a suitable sequence of cluster mutations is precisely equivalent to iteration of a nonlinear recurrence relation. Here we explain briefly how to introduce a % symplectic structure in this setting, which is preserved by a corresponding birational map (possibly on a space of lower dimension). We give examples of both integrable and non-integrable maps that arise from this construction. We use algebraic entropy as an approach to classifying integrable cases. The deg...
Automorphism groups of some algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PARK; Hong; Goo; LEE; Jeongsig; CHOI; Seul; Hee; NAM; Ki-Bong
2009-01-01
The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m,m + n).
Automorphism groups of some algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
PARK Hong Goo; LEE Jeongsig; CHOI Seul Hee; CHEN XueQing; NAM Ki-Bong
2009-01-01
The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m, m+n).
Derived equivalence of algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杜先能
1997-01-01
The derived equivalence and stable equivalence of algebras RmA and RmB are studied It is proved, using the tilting complex, that RmA and RmB are derived-equivalent whenever algebras A and B are derived-equivalent
Levy, Alissa Beth
2012-01-01
The California Department of Education (CDE) has long asserted that success Algebra I by Grade 8 is the goal for all California public school students. In fact, the state's accountability system penalizes schools that do not require all of their students to take the Algebra I end-of-course examination by Grade 8 (CDE, 2009). In this dissertation,…
Herriott, Scott R.; Dunbar, Steven R.
2009-01-01
The common understanding within the mathematics community is that the role of the college algebra course is to prepare students for calculus. Though exceptions are emerging, the curriculum of most college algebra courses and the content of most textbooks on the market both reflect that assumption. This article calls that assumption into question…
Levy, Alissa Beth
2012-01-01
The California Department of Education (CDE) has long asserted that success Algebra I by Grade 8 is the goal for all California public school students. In fact, the state's accountability system penalizes schools that do not require all of their students to take the Algebra I end-of-course examination by Grade 8 (CDE, 2009). In this…
Algebraic Properties of Toeplitz Operators on Discrete Commutative Groups%离散交换群上Toeplitz算子的代数性质
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
郭训香
2008-01-01
In this Paper,a generalized Toeplitz operator is defined and some of results about the classical Toeplitz operator are generalized.In particular,we obtain the necessary and sufficient condition for the product of two such Toeplitz operators to still be Toeplitz operator and the necessary and sufficient condition for such Toeplitz operator to be normal operator.Finally,a necessary condition for two such Toeplitz operators to be commutative is established.
Algebraic Quantum Gravity (AQG) II. Semiclassical Analysis
Giesel, K
2006-01-01
In the previous article a new combinatorial and thus purely algebraical approach to quantum gravity, called Algebraic Quantum Gravity (AQG), was introduced. In the framework of AQG existing semiclassical tools can be applied to operators that encode the dynamics of AQG such as the Master constraint operator. In this article we will analyse the semiclassical limit of the (extended) algebraic Master constraint operator and show that it reproduces the correct infinitesimal generators of General Relativity. Therefore the question whether General Relativity is included in the semiclassical sector of the theory, which is still an open problem in LQG, can be significantly improved in the framework of AQG. For the calculations we will substitute SU(2) by U(1)^3. That this substitution is justified will be demonstrated in the third article of this series
The Symmetric Tensor Lichnerowicz Algebra and a Novel Associative Fourier-Jacobi Algebra
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Karl Hallowell
2007-09-01
Full Text Available Lichnerowicz's algebra of differential geometric operators acting on symmetric tensors can be obtained from generalized geodesic motion of an observer carrying a complex tangent vector. This relation is based upon quantizing the classical evolution equations, and identifying wavefunctions with sections of the symmetric tensor bundle and Noether charges with geometric operators. In general curved spaces these operators obey a deformation of the Fourier-Jacobi Lie algebra of sp(2,R. These results have already been generalized by the authors to arbitrary tensor and spinor bundles using supersymmetric quantum mechanical models and have also been applied to the theory of higher spin particles. These Proceedings review these results in their simplest, symmetric tensor setting. New results on a novel and extremely useful reformulation of the rank 2 deformation of the Fourier-Jacobi Lie algebra in terms of an associative algebra are also presented. This new algebra was originally motivated by studies of operator orderings in enveloping algebras. It provides a new method that is superior in many respects to common techniques such as Weyl or normal ordering.
The Symmetric Tensor Lichnerowicz Algebra and a Novel Associative Fourier-Jacobi Algebra
Hallowell, Karl; Waldron, Andrew
2007-09-01
Lichnerowicz's algebra of differential geometric operators acting on symmetric tensors can be obtained from generalized geodesic motion of an observer carrying a complex tangent vector. This relation is based upon quantizing the classical evolution equations, and identifying wavefunctions with sections of the symmetric tensor bundle and Noether charges with geometric operators. In general curved spaces these operators obey a deformation of the Fourier-Jacobi Lie algebra of sp(2,R). These results have already been generalized by the authors to arbitrary tensor and spinor bundles using supersymmetric quantum mechanical models and have also been applied to the theory of higher spin particles. These Proceedings review these results in their simplest, symmetric tensor setting. New results on a novel and extremely useful reformulation of the rank 2 deformation of the Fourier-Jacobi Lie algebra in terms of an associative algebra are also presented. This new algebra! was originally motivated by studies of operator orderings in enveloping algebras. It provides a new method that is superior in many respects to common techniques such as Weyl or normal ordering.
Introduction to noncommutative algebra
Brešar, Matej
2014-01-01
Providing an elementary introduction to noncommutative rings and algebras, this textbook begins with the classical theory of finite dimensional algebras. Only after this, modules, vector spaces over division rings, and tensor products are introduced and studied. This is followed by Jacobson's structure theory of rings. The final chapters treat free algebras, polynomial identities, and rings of quotients. Many of the results are not presented in their full generality. Rather, the emphasis is on clarity of exposition and simplicity of the proofs, with several being different from those in other texts on the subject. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum, and new concepts are introduced gradually and are carefully motivated. Introduction to Noncommutative Algebra is therefore accessible to a wide mathematical audience. It is, however, primarily intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students encountering noncommutative algebra for the first time.
Elements of mathematics algebra
Bourbaki, Nicolas
2003-01-01
This is a softcover reprint of the English translation of 1990 of the revised and expanded version of Bourbaki's, Algèbre, Chapters 4 to 7 (1981). This completes Algebra, 1 to 3, by establishing the theories of commutative fields and modules over a principal ideal domain. Chapter 4 deals with polynomials, rational fractions and power series. A section on symmetric tensors and polynomial mappings between modules, and a final one on symmetric functions, have been added. Chapter 5 was entirely rewritten. After the basic theory of extensions (prime fields, algebraic, algebraically closed, radical extension), separable algebraic extensions are investigated, giving way to a section on Galois theory. Galois theory is in turn applied to finite fields and abelian extensions. The chapter then proceeds to the study of general non-algebraic extensions which cannot usually be found in textbooks: p-bases, transcendental extensions, separability criterions, regular extensions. Chapter 6 treats ordered groups and fields and...
Linear algebra algorithms for divisors on an algebraic curve
Khuri-Makdisi, Kamal
We use an embedding of the symmetric $d$th power of any algebraic curve $C$ of genus $g$ into a Grassmannian space to give algorithms for working with divisors on $C$, using only linear algebra in vector spaces of dimension $O(g)$, and matrices of size $O(g^2)\\times O(g)$. When the base field $k$ is finite, or if $C$ has a rational point over $k$, these give algorithms for working on the Jacobian of $C$ that require $O(g^4)$ field operations, arising from the Gaussian elimination. Our point of view is strongly geometric, and our representation of points on the Jacobian is fairly simple to work with; in particular, none of our algorithms involves arithmetic with polynomials. We note that our algorithms have the same asymptotic complexity for general curves as the more algebraic algorithms in Hess' 1999 Ph.D. thesis, which works with function fields as extensions of $k[x]$. However, for special classes of curves, Hess' algorithms are asymptotically more efficient than ours, generalizing other known efficient algorithms for special classes of curves, such as hyperelliptic curves (Cantor), superelliptic curves (Galbraith, Paulus, and Smart), and $C_{ab}$ curves (Harasawa and Suzuki); in all those cases, one can attain a complexity of $O(g^2)$.
The Planar Algebra of a Semisimple and Cosemisimple Hopf Algebra
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Vijay Kodiyalam; V S Sunder
2006-11-01
To a semisimple and cosemisimple Hopf algebra over an algebraically closed field, we associate a planar algebra defined by generators and relations and show that it is a connected, irreducible, spherical, non-degenerate planar algebra with non-zero modulus and of depth two. This association is shown to yield a bijection between (the isomorphism classes, on both sides, of) such objects.
Graded Lie Algebra Generating of Parastatistical Algebraic Relations
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JING Si-Cong; YANG Wei-Min; LI Ping
2001-01-01
A new kind of graded Lie algebra (We call it Z2,2 graded Lie algebra) is introduced as a framework for formulating parasupersymmetric theories. By choosing suitable Bose subspace of the Z2,2 graded Lie algebra and using relevant generalized Jacobi identities, we generate the whole algebraic structure of parastatistics.
Quasi-lisse vertex algebras and modular linear differential equations
Arakawa, Tomoyuki
2016-01-01
We introduce a notion of quasi-lisse vertex algebras, which generalizes admissible affine vertex algebras. We show that the normalized character of an ordinary module over a quasi-lisse vertex operator algebra has a modular invariance property, in the sense that it satisfies a modular linear differential equation. As an application we obtain the explicit character formulas of simple affine vertex algebras associated with the Deligne exceptional series at level $-h^{\\vee}/6-1$, which expresses the homogeneous Schur limit of the superconformal index of 4d SCFTs studied by Beem, Lemos, Liendo, Peelaers, Rastelli and van Rees, as quasi-modular forms.
Solvable Lie algebras with naturally graded nilradicals and their invariants
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ancochea, J M; Campoamor-Stursberg, R; Vergnolle, L Garcia [Departamento GeometrIa y TopologIa, Fac. CC. Matematicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Plaza de Ciencias 3, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2006-02-10
The indecomposable solvable Lie algebras with graded nilradical of maximal nilindex and a Heisenberg subalgebra of codimension one are analysed, and their generalized Casimir invariants are calculated. It is shown that rank one solvable algebras have a contact form, which implies the existence of an associated dynamical system. Moreover, due to the structure of the quadratic Casimir operator of the nilradical, these algebras contain a maximal non-abelian quasi-classical Lie algebra of dimension 2n - 1, indicating that gauge theories (with ghosts) are possible on these subalgebras.
Monotone complete C*-algebras and generic dynamics
Saitô, Kazuyuki
2015-01-01
This monograph is about monotone complete C*-algebras, their properties and the new classification theory. A self-contained introduction to generic dynamics is also included because of its important connections to these algebras. Our knowledge and understanding of monotone complete C*-algebras has been transformed in recent years. This is a very exciting stage in their development, with much discovered but with many mysteries to unravel. This book is intended to encourage graduate students and working mathematicians to attack some of these difficult questions. Each bounded, upward directed net of real numbers has a limit. Monotone complete algebras of operators have a similar property. In particular, every von Neumann algebra is monotone complete but the converse is false. Written by major contributors to this field, Monotone Complete C*-algebras and Generic Dynamics takes readers from the basics to recent advances. The prerequisites are a grounding in functional analysis, some point set topology and an eleme...
Two types of q-deformed Wigner algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chung, Won Sang [Department of Physics and Research Institute of Natural Science, College of Natural Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju (Korea, Republic of)
2014-07-01
In this paper we introduce two types of q-deformed Wigner algebras. One is q-deformation of Wigner algebra with q-reflection symmetry and another is q-deformation of Wigner algebra with reflection symmetry. For two types of q-deformed Wigner algebras, we investigate the representation and the eigenvalue of the position operator. Like q-calculus, we introduce the (q; ν)- numbers, (q; ν)-derivatives and (q; ν)-Hermite polynomials for two algebras. For the deformation parameter q = 1 - ε with small ε, we discuss the thermodynamics of the particle obeying the q-deformed Wigner algebra. (Copyright copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Permutation Centralizer Algebras and Multi-Matrix Invariants
Mattioli, Paolo
2016-01-01
We introduce a class of permutation centralizer algebras which underly the combinatorics of multi-matrix gauge invariant observables. One family of such non-commutative algebras is parametrised by two integers. Its Wedderburn-Artin decomposition explains the counting of restricted Schur operators, which were introduced in the physics literature to describe open strings attached to giant gravitons and were subsequently used to diagonalize the Gaussian inner product for gauge invariants of 2-matrix models. The structure of the algebra, notably its dimension, its centre and its maximally commuting sub-algebra, is related to Littlewood-Richardson numbers for composing Young diagrams. It gives a precise characterization of the minimal set of charges needed to distinguish arbitrary matrix gauge invariants, which are related to enhanced symmetries in gauge theory. The algebra also gives a star product for matrix invariants. The centre of the algebra allows efficient computation of a sector of multi-matrix correlator...
Leibniz algebras associated with representations of filiform Lie algebras
Ayupov, Sh. A.; Camacho, L. M.; Khudoyberdiyev, A. Kh.; Omirov, B. A.
2015-12-01
In this paper we investigate Leibniz algebras whose quotient Lie algebra is a naturally graded filiform Lie algebra nn,1. We introduce a Fock module for the algebra nn,1 and provide classification of Leibniz algebras L whose corresponding Lie algebra L / I is the algebra nn,1 with condition that the ideal I is a Fock nn,1-module, where I is the ideal generated by squares of elements from L. We also consider Leibniz algebras with corresponding Lie algebra nn,1 and such that the action I ×nn,1 → I gives rise to a minimal faithful representation of nn,1. The classification up to isomorphism of such Leibniz algebras is given for the case of n = 4.
Invariant differential operators
Dobrev, Vladimir K
2016-01-01
With applications in quantum field theory, elementary particle physics and general relativity, this two-volume work studies invariance of differential operators under Lie algebras, quantum groups, superalgebras including infinite-dimensional cases, Schrödinger algebras, applications to holography. This first volume covers the general aspects of Lie algebras and group theory.
Introduction to Matrix Algebra, Student's Text, Unit 23.
Allen, Frank B.; And Others
Unit 23 in the SMSG secondary school mathematics series is a student text covering the following topics in matrix algebra: matrix operations, the algebra of 2 X 2 matrices, matrices and linear systems, representation of column matrices as geometric vectors, and transformations of the plane. Listed in the appendix are four research exercises in…
The Virasoro Algebra and Some Exceptional Lie and Finite Groups
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael P. Tuite
2007-01-01
Full Text Available We describe a number of relationships between properties of the vacuum Verma module of a Virasoro algebra and the automorphism group of certain vertex operator algebras. These groups include the Deligne exceptional series of simple Lie groups and some exceptional finite simple groups including the Monster and Baby Monster.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sinan AYDIN
2009-04-01
Full Text Available Linear algebra is a basic course followed in mathematics, science, and engineering university departments.Generally, this course is taken in either the first or second year but there have been difficulties in teachingand learning. This type of active algebra has resulted in an increase in research by mathematics educationresearchers. But there is insufficient information on this subject in Turkish and therefore it has not beengiven any educational status. This paper aims to give a general overview of this subject in teaching andlearning. These education studies can be considered quadruple: a the history of linear algebra, b formalismobstacles of linear algebra and cognitive flexibility to improve teaching and learning, c the relation betweenlinear algebra and geometry, d using technology in the teaching and learning linear algebra.Mathematicseducation researchers cannot provide an absolute solution to overcome the teaching and learning difficultiesof linear algebra. Epistemological analyses and experimental teaching have shown the learning difficulties.Given these results, further advice and assistance can be offered locally.
Springer, T A
1998-01-01
"[The first] ten chapters...are an efficient, accessible, and self-contained introduction to affine algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. The author includes exercises and the book is certainly usable by graduate students as a text or for self-study...the author [has a] student-friendly style… [The following] seven chapters... would also be a good introduction to rationality issues for algebraic groups. A number of results from the literature…appear for the first time in a text." –Mathematical Reviews (Review of the Second Edition) "This book is a completely new version of the first edition. The aim of the old book was to present the theory of linear algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. Reading that book, many people entered the research field of linear algebraic groups. The present book has a wider scope. Its aim is to treat the theory of linear algebraic groups over arbitrary fields. Again, the author keeps the treatment of prerequisites self-contained. The material of t...
Classification of Noncommutative Domain Algebras
Arias, Alvaro
2012-01-01
Noncommutative domain algebras are noncommutative analogues of the algebras of holomorphic functions on domains of $\\C^n$ defined by holomorphic polynomials, and they generalize the noncommutative Hardy algebras. We present here a complete classification of these algebras based upon techniques inspired by multivariate complex analysis, and more specifically the classification of domains in hermitian spaces up to biholomorphic equivalence.
Process algebra for Hybrid systems
Bergstra, J.A.; Middelburg, C.A.
2008-01-01
We propose a process algebra obtained by extending a combination of the process algebra with continuous relative timing from Baeten and Middelburg [Process Algebra with Timing, Springer, Chap. 4, 2002] and the process algebra with propositional signals from Baeten and Bergstra [Theoretical Computer
Process algebra for hybrid systems
Bergstra, J.A.; Middelburg, C.A.
2005-01-01
We propose a process algebra obtained by extending a combination of the process algebra with continuous relative timing from Baeten and Middelburg (Process Algebra with Timing, Springer,Berlin, 2002, Chapter 4), and the process algebra with propositional signals from Baeten and Bergstra(Theoret. Com
Cohen, A.M.; Liu, S.
2015-01-01
For each n ≥ 1, we define an algebra having many properties that one might expect to hold for a Brauer algebra of type Bn. It is defined by means of a presentation by generators and relations. We show that this algebra is a subalgebra of the Brauer algebra of type Dn+1 and point out a cellular struc
Symplectic algebraic dynamics algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
Based on the algebraic dynamics solution of ordinary differential equations andintegration of ,the symplectic algebraic dynamics algorithm sn is designed,which preserves the local symplectic geometric structure of a Hamiltonian systemand possesses the same precision of the na ve algebraic dynamics algorithm n.Computer experiments for the 4th order algorithms are made for five test modelsand the numerical results are compared with the conventional symplectic geometric algorithm,indicating that sn has higher precision,the algorithm-inducedphase shift of the conventional symplectic geometric algorithm can be reduced,and the dynamical fidelity can be improved by one order of magnitude.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
J. W. Kitchen
1994-01-01
Full Text Available We study bundles of Banach algebras π:A→X, where each fiber Ax=π−1({x} is a Banach algebra and X is a compact Hausdorff space. In the case where all fibers are commutative, we investigate how the Gelfand representation of the section space algebra Γ(π relates to the Gelfand representation of the fibers. In the general case, we investigate how adjoining an identity to the bundle π:A→X relates to the standard adjunction of identities to the fibers.
Schneider, Hans
1989-01-01
Linear algebra is one of the central disciplines in mathematics. A student of pure mathematics must know linear algebra if he is to continue with modern algebra or functional analysis. Much of the mathematics now taught to engineers and physicists requires it.This well-known and highly regarded text makes the subject accessible to undergraduates with little mathematical experience. Written mainly for students in physics, engineering, economics, and other fields outside mathematics, the book gives the theory of matrices and applications to systems of linear equations, as well as many related t
Exact linear modeling using Ore algebras
Schindelar, Kristina; Zerz, Eva
2010-01-01
Linear exact modeling is a problem coming from system identification: Given a set of observed trajectories, the goal is find a model (usually, a system of partial differential and/or difference equations) that explains the data as precisely as possible. The case of operators with constant coefficients is well studied and known in the systems theoretic literature, whereas the operators with varying coefficients were addressed only recently. This question can be tackled either using Gr\\"obner bases for modules over Ore algebras or by following the ideas from differential algebra and computing in commutative rings. In this paper, we present algorithmic methods to compute "most powerful unfalsified models" (MPUM) and their counterparts with variable coefficients (VMPUM) for polynomial and polynomial-exponential signals. We also study the structural properties of the resulting models, discuss computer algebraic techniques behind algorithms and provide several examples.
An algebra of discrete event processes
Heymann, Michael; Meyer, George
1991-01-01
This report deals with an algebraic framework for modeling and control of discrete event processes. The report consists of two parts. The first part is introductory, and consists of a tutorial survey of the theory of concurrency in the spirit of Hoare's CSP, and an examination of the suitability of such an algebraic framework for dealing with various aspects of discrete event control. To this end a new concurrency operator is introduced and it is shown how the resulting framework can be applied. It is further shown that a suitable theory that deals with the new concurrency operator must be developed. In the second part of the report the formal algebra of discrete event control is developed. At the present time the second part of the report is still an incomplete and occasionally tentative working paper.
The Algebraic Properties of Concept Lattice
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
KaisheQu; JiyeLiang; JunhongWang; ZhongzhiShi
2004-01-01
Concept lattice is a powerful tool for data analysis. It has been applied widely to machine learning, knowledge discovery and software engineering and so on. Some aspects of concept lattice have been studied widely such as building lattice and rules extraction, as for its algebraic properties, there has not been discussed systematically. The paper suggests a binary operation between the elements for the set of all concepts in formal context. This turns the concept lattice in general significance into those with operators. We also proved that the concept lattice is a lattice in algebraic significance and studied its algebraic properties.These results provided theoretical foundation and a new method for further study of concept lattice.
Supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gouba, L., E-mail: lgouba@ictp.it [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Stern, A., E-mail: astern@bama.ua.edu [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Al 35487 (United States)
2012-04-11
We obtain a minimal supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra and study its representations. The construction differs from the general approach given in Hatsuda and Siegel ( (arXiv:hep-th/0311002)) and does not utilize super-de Sitter groups. The spectra of the position operators are discrete, implying a lattice description of space, and the lattice is compatible with supersymmetry transformations. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A new supersymmetric extension of the Snyder algebra is constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The extension is minimal and the construction does not involve supersymmetric de Sitter algebras. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An involution is defined for the system and discrete representations are constructed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The representations imply a spatial lattice and the lattice spacing is half that of the bosonic case. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A differential operator representation is given for fields on super-momentum space.
Arrangement Computation for Planar Algebraic Curves
Berberich, Eric; Kobel, Alexander; Sagraloff, Michael
2011-01-01
We present a new certified and complete algorithm to compute arrangements of real planar algebraic curves. Our algorithm provides a geometric-topological analysis of the decomposition of the plane induced by a finite number of algebraic curves in terms of a cylindrical algebraic decomposition of the plane. Compared to previous approaches, we improve in two main aspects: Firstly, we significantly reduce the amount of exact operations, that is, our algorithms only uses resultant and gcd as purely symbolic operations. Secondly, we introduce a new hybrid method in the lifting step of our algorithm which combines the usage of a certified numerical complex root solver and information derived from the resultant computation. Additionally, we never consider any coordinate transformation and the output is also given with respect to the initial coordinate system. We implemented our algorithm as a prototypical package of the C++-library CGAL. Our implementation exploits graphics hardware to expedite the resultant and gcd...
Pawlak algebra and approximate structure on fuzzy lattice.
Zhuang, Ying; Liu, Wenqi; Wu, Chin-Chia; Li, Jinhai
2014-01-01
The aim of this paper is to investigate the general approximation structure, weak approximation operators, and Pawlak algebra in the framework of fuzzy lattice, lattice topology, and auxiliary ordering. First, we prove that the weak approximation operator space forms a complete distributive lattice. Then we study the properties of transitive closure of approximation operators and apply them to rough set theory. We also investigate molecule Pawlak algebra and obtain some related properties.
The spatial isomorphism problem for close separable nuclear C*-algebras
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Erik; Sinclair, Allan M.; Smith, Roger R.
2010-01-01
In 1972 R. V. Kadison and D. Kastler introduced a metric on the set of all C*-subalgebras of the algebra of bounded operators on a Hilbert space. They conjectured that sufficiently close C*-algebras must be isomorphic. In the article this hypotheses is verified for nuclear C*-algebras....
Universal Jensen's Equations in Banach Modules over a C*-Algebra and Its Unitary Group
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chun Gil PARK
2004-01-01
In this paper, we prove the generalized Hyers-Ulam-Rassias stability of universal Jensen's equations in Banach modules over a unital C*-algebra. It is applied to show the stability of universal Jensen's equations in a Hilbert module over a unital C*-algebra. Moreover, we prove the stability of linear operators in a Hilbert module over a unital C*-algebra.
On isomorphisms of integral table algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN; Yun(樊恽); SUN; Daying(孙大英)
2002-01-01
For integral table algebras with integral table basis T, we can consider integral R-algebra RT over a subring R of the ring of the algebraic integers. It is proved that an R-algebra isomorphism between two integral table algebras must be an integral table algebra isomorphism if it is compatible with the so-called normalizings of the integral table algebras.
A process algebra model of QED
Sulis, William
2016-03-01
The process algebra approach to quantum mechanics posits a finite, discrete, determinate ontology of primitive events which are generated by processes (in the sense of Whitehead). In this ontology, primitive events serve as elements of an emergent space-time and of emergent fundamental particles and fields. Each process generates a set of primitive elements, using only local information, causally propagated as a discrete wave, forming a causal space termed a causal tapestry. Each causal tapestry forms a discrete and finite sampling of an emergent causal manifold (space-time) M and emergent wave function. Interactions between processes are described by a process algebra which possesses 8 commutative operations (sums and products) together with a non-commutative concatenation operator (transitions). The process algebra possesses a representation via nondeterministic combinatorial games. The process algebra connects to quantum mechanics through the set valued process and configuration space covering maps, which associate each causal tapestry with sets of wave functions over M. Probabilities emerge from interactions between processes. The process algebra model has been shown to reproduce many features of the theory of non-relativistic scalar particles to a high degree of accuracy, without paradox or divergences. This paper extends the approach to a semi-classical form of quantum electrodynamics.
Algebraic Geometry over C-infinity rings
Joyce, Dominic
2010-01-01
If X is a smooth manifold then the R-algebra C^\\infty(X) of smooth functions c : X --> R is a "C-infinity ring". That is, for each smooth function f : R^n --> R there is an n-fold operation \\Phi_f : C^\\infty(X)^n --> C^\\infty(X) acting by \\Phi_f: (c_1,...,c_n) |--> f(c_1,...,c_n), and these operations \\Phi_f satisfy many natural identities. Thus, C^\\infty(X) actually has a far richer structure than the obvious R-algebra structure. We explain the foundations of a version of Algebraic Geometry in which rings or algebras are replaced by C-infinity rings. As schemes are the basic objects in Algebraic Geometry, the new basic objects are "C-infinity schemes", a category of geometric objects which generalize smooth manifolds, and whose morphisms generalize smooth maps. We also study quasicoherent and coherent sheaves on C-infinity schemes, and "C-infinity stacks", in particular Deligne-Mumford C-infinity stacks, a 2-category of geometric objects generalizing orbifolds. Many of these ideas are not new: C-infinity rin...
Cameron, Peter J
2007-01-01
This Second Edition of a classic algebra text includes updated and comprehensive introductory chapters,. new material on axiom of Choice, p-groups and local rings, discussion of theory and applications, and over 300 exercises. It is an ideal introductory text for all Year 1 and 2 undergraduate students in mathematics. - ;Developed to meet the needs of modern students, this Second Edition of the classic algebra text by Peter Cameron covers all the abstract algebra an undergraduate student is likely to need. Starting with an introductory overview of numbers, sets and functions, matrices, polynomials, and modular arithmetic, the text then introduces the most important algebraic structures: groups, rings and fields, and their properties. This is followed by coverage of vector spaces and modules with. applications to abelian groups and canonical forms before returning to the construction of the number systems, including the existence of transcendental numbers. The final chapters take the reader further into the th...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Vijay Kodiyalam; R Srinivasan; V S Sunder
2000-08-01
In this paper, we study a tower $\\{A^G_n(d):n≥ 1\\}$ of finite-dimensional algebras; here, represents an arbitrary finite group, denotes a complex parameter, and the algebra $A^G_n(d)$ has a basis indexed by `-stable equivalence relations' on a set where acts freely and has 2 orbits. We show that the algebra $A^G_n(d)$ is semi-simple for all but a finite set of values of , and determine the representation theory (or, equivalently, the decomposition into simple summands) of this algebra in the `generic case'. Finally we determine the Bratteli diagram of the tower $\\{A^G_n(d): n≥ 1\\}$ (in the generic case).
Markarian, Nikita
2017-03-01
We introduce Weyl n-algebras and show how their factorization complex may be used to define invariants of manifolds. In the appendix, we heuristically explain why these invariants must be perturbative Chern-Simons invariants.
Parametrizing Algebraic Curves
Lemmermeyer, Franz
2011-01-01
We present the technique of parametrization of plane algebraic curves from a number theorist's point of view and present Kapferer's simple and beautiful (but little known) proof that nonsingular curves of degree > 2 cannot be parametrized by rational functions.
Linear algebra, geometry and transformation
Solomon, Bruce
2014-01-01
Vectors, Mappings and Linearity Numeric Vectors Functions Mappings and Transformations Linearity The Matrix of a Linear Transformation Solving Linear Systems The Linear SystemThe Augmented Matrix and RRE Form Homogeneous Systems in RRE Form Inhomogeneous Systems in RRE Form The Gauss-Jordan Algorithm Two Mapping Answers Linear Geometry Geometric Vectors Geometric/Numeric Duality Dot-Product Geometry Lines, Planes, and Hyperplanes System Geometry and Row/Column Duality The Algebra of Matrices Matrix Operations Special Matrices Matrix Inversion A Logical Digression The Logic of the Inversion Alg
Rao, Shrisha
2009-01-01
Every system of any significant size is created by composition from smaller sub-systems or components. It is thus fruitful to analyze the fault-tolerance of a system as a function of its composition. In this paper, two basic types of system composition are described, and an algebra to describe fault tolerance of composed systems is derived. The set of systems forms monoids under the two composition operators, and a semiring when both are concerned. A partial ordering relation between systems is used to compare their fault-tolerance behaviors.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Antonio AIZPURU; Antonio GUTI(E)RREZ-D(A)VILA
2004-01-01
In this paper we will study some families and subalgebras ( ) of ( )(N) that let us characterize the unconditional convergence of series through the weak convergence of subseries ∑i∈A xi, A ∈ ( ).As a consequence, we obtain a new version of the Orlicz-Pettis theorem, for Banach spaces. We also study some relationships between algebraic properties of Boolean algebras and topological properties of the corresponding Stone spaces.
Introduction to abstract algebra
Nicholson, W Keith
2012-01-01
Praise for the Third Edition ". . . an expository masterpiece of the highest didactic value that has gained additional attractivity through the various improvements . . ."-Zentralblatt MATH The Fourth Edition of Introduction to Abstract Algebra continues to provide an accessible approach to the basic structures of abstract algebra: groups, rings, and fields. The book's unique presentation helps readers advance to abstract theory by presenting concrete examples of induction, number theory, integers modulo n, and permutations before the abstract structures are defined. Readers can immediately be
Noncommutative algebra and geometry
De Concini, Corrado; Vavilov, Nikolai 0
2005-01-01
Finite Galois Stable Subgroups of Gln. Derived Categories for Nodal Rings and Projective Configurations. Crowns in Profinite Groups and Applications. The Galois Structure of Ambiguous Ideals in Cyclic Extensions of Degree 8. An Introduction to Noncommutative Deformations of Modules. Symmetric Functions, Noncommutative Symmetric Functions and Quasisymmetric Functions II. Quotient Grothendieck Representations. On the Strong Rigidity of Solvable Lie Algebras. The Role of Bergman in Invesigating Identities in Matrix Algebras with Symplectic Involution. The Triangular Structure of Ladder Functors.
Generalized braided Hopf algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LU Zhong-jian; FANG Xiao-li
2009-01-01
The concept of (f, σ)-pair (B, H)is introduced, where B and H are Hopf algebras. A braided tensor category which is a tensor subcategory of the category HM of left H-comodules through an (f, σ)-pair is constructed. In particularly, a Yang-Baxter equation is got. A Hopf algebra is constructed as well in the Yetter-Drinfel'd category HHYD by twisting the multiplication of B.
Andrilli, Stephen
2010-01-01
Elementary Linear Algebra develops and explains in careful detail the computational techniques and fundamental theoretical results central to a first course in linear algebra. This highly acclaimed text focuses on developing the abstract thinking essential for further mathematical study. The authors give early, intensive attention to the skills necessary to make students comfortable with mathematical proofs. The text builds a gradual and smooth transition from computational results to general theory of abstract vector spaces. It also provides flexbile coverage of practical applications, expl
Intermediate algebra & analytic geometry
Gondin, William R
1967-01-01
Intermediate Algebra & Analytic Geometry Made Simple focuses on the principles, processes, calculations, and methodologies involved in intermediate algebra and analytic geometry. The publication first offers information on linear equations in two unknowns and variables, functions, and graphs. Discussions focus on graphic interpretations, explicit and implicit functions, first quadrant graphs, variables and functions, determinate and indeterminate systems, independent and dependent equations, and defective and redundant systems. The text then examines quadratic equations in one variable, system
Double conformal space-time algebra
Easter, Robert Benjamin; Hitzer, Eckhard
2017-01-01
The Double Conformal Space-Time Algebra (DCSTA) is a high-dimensional 12D Geometric Algebra G 4,8that extends the concepts introduced with the Double Conformal / Darboux Cyclide Geometric Algebra (DCGA) G 8,2 with entities for Darboux cyclides (incl. parabolic and Dupin cyclides, general quadrics, and ring torus) in spacetime with a new boost operator. The base algebra in which spacetime geometry is modeled is the Space-Time Algebra (STA) G 1,3. Two Conformal Space-Time subalgebras (CSTA) G 2,4 provide spacetime entities for points, flats (incl. worldlines), and hyperbolics, and a complete set of versors for their spacetime transformations that includes rotation, translation, isotropic dilation, hyperbolic rotation (boost), planar reflection, and (pseudo)spherical inversion in rounds or hyperbolics. The DCSTA G 4,8 is a doubling product of two G 2,4 CSTA subalgebras that inherits doubled CSTA entities and versors from CSTA and adds new bivector entities for (pseudo)quadrics and Darboux (pseudo)cyclides in spacetime that are also transformed by the doubled versors. The "pseudo" surface entities are spacetime hyperbolics or other surface entities using the time axis as a pseudospatial dimension. The (pseudo)cyclides are the inversions of (pseudo)quadrics in rounds or hyperbolics. An operation for the directed non-uniform scaling (anisotropic dilation) of the bivector general quadric entities is defined using the boost operator and a spatial projection. DCSTA allows general quadric surfaces to be transformed in spacetime by the same complete set of doubled CSTA versor (i.e., DCSTA versor) operations that are also valid on the doubled CSTA point entity (i.e., DCSTA point) and the other doubled CSTA entities. The new DCSTA bivector entities are formed by extracting values from the DCSTA point entity using specifically defined inner product extraction operators. Quadric surface entities can be boosted into moving surfaces with constant velocities that display the length
Differential Hopf algebra structures on the universal enveloping algebra of a lie algebra
Hijligenberg, van den, N.W.; Martini, R.
1995-01-01
We discuss a method to construct a De Rham complex (differential algebra) of Poincar'e-Birkhoff-Witt-type on the universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra $g$. We determine the cases in which this gives rise to a differential Hopf algebra that naturally extends the Hopf algebra structure of $U(g)$. The construction of such differential structures is interpreted in terms of colour Lie superalgebras.
Conformal manifolds in four dimensions and chiral algebras
Buican, Matthew; Nishinaka, Takahiro
2016-11-01
Any { N }=2 superconformal field theory (SCFT) in four dimensions has a sector of operators related to a two-dimensional chiral algebra containing a Virasoro sub-algebra. Moreover, there are well-known examples of isolated SCFTs whose chiral algebra is a Virasoro algebra. In this note, we consider the chiral algebras associated with interacting { N }=2 SCFTs possessing an exactly marginal deformation that can be interpreted as a gauge coupling (i.e., at special points on the resulting conformal manifolds, free gauge fields appear that decouple from isolated SCFT building blocks). At any point on these conformal manifolds, we argue that the associated chiral algebras possess at least three generators. In addition, we show that there are examples of SCFTs realizing such a minimal chiral algebra: they are certain points on the conformal manifold obtained by considering the low-energy limit of type IIB string theory on the three complex-dimensional hypersurface singularity {x}13+{x}23+{x}33+α {x}1{x}2{x}3+{w}2=0. The associated chiral algebra is the { A }(6) theory of Feigin, Feigin, and Tipunin. As byproducts of our work, we argue that (i) a collection of isolated theories can be conformally gauged only if there is a SUSY moduli space associated with the corresponding symmetry current moment maps in each sector, and (ii) { N }=2 SCFTs with a≥slant c have hidden fermionic symmetries (in the sense of fermionic chiral algebra generators).
Universal Algebra Applied to Hom-Associative Algebras, and More
Hellström, Lars; Makhlouf, Abdenacer; Silvestrov, Sergei D.
2014-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the universal algebra theory of hom-algebras. This kind of algebra involves a linear map which twists the usual identities. We focus on hom-associative algebras and hom-Lie algebras for which we review the main results. We discuss the envelopment problem, operads, and the Diamond Lemma; the usual tools have to be adapted to this new situation. Moreover we study Hilbert series for the hom-associative operad and free algebra, and describe them up to total...
How to be Brilliant at Algebra
Webber, Beryl
2010-01-01
How to be Brilliant at Algebra is contains 40 photocopiable worksheets designed to improve students' understanding of number relationships and patterns. They will learn about: odds and evens; patterns; inverse operations; variables; calendars; equations; pyramid numbers; digital root patterns; prime numbers; Fibonacci numbers; Pascal's triangle.
Noise limitations in optical linear algebra processors.
Batsell, S G; Jong, T L; Walkup, J F; Krile, T F
1990-05-10
A general statistical noise model is presented for optical linear algebra processors. A statistical analysis which includes device noise, the multiplication process, and the addition operation is undertaken. We focus on those processes which are architecturally independent. Finally, experimental results which verify the analytical predictions are also presented.
Relational Lattice Foundation For Algebraic Logic
Tropashko, Vadim
2009-01-01
Relational Lattice is a succinct mathematical model for Relational Algebra. It reduces the set of six classic relational algebra operators to two: natural join and inner union. In this paper we push relational lattice theory in two directions. First, we uncover a pair of complementary lattice operators, and organize the model into a bilattice of four operations and four distinguished constants. We take a notice a peculiar way bilattice symmetry is broken. Then, we give axiomatic introduction of unary negation operation and prove several laws, including double negation and De Morgan. Next we reduce the model back to two basic binary operations and twelve axioms, and exhibit a convincing argument that the resulting system is complete in model-theoretic sense. The final part of the paper casts relational lattice perspective onto database dependency theory.
Axis Problem of Rough 3-Valued Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jianhua Dai; Weidong Chen; Yunhe Pan
2006-01-01
The collection of all the rough sets of an approximation space has been given several algebraic interpretations, including Stone algebras, regular double Stone algebras, semi-simple Nelson algebras, pre-rough algebras and 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebras. A 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebra is a Stone algebra, a regular double Stone algebra, a semi-simple Nelson algebra, a pre-rough algebra. Thus, we call the algebra constructed by the collection of rough sets of an approximation space a rough 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebra. In this paper,the rough 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebras, which are a special kind of 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebras, are studied. Whether the rough 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebra is a axled 3-valued Lukasiewicz algebra is examined.
SLAPP: A systolic linear algebra parallel processor
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Drake, B.L.; Luk, F.T.; Speiser, J.M.; Symanski, J.J. (Naval Ocean Systems Center and Cornell Univ.)
1987-07-01
Systolic array computer architectures provide a means for fast computation of the linear algebra algorithms that form the building blocks of many signal-processing algorithms, facilitating their real-time computation. For applications to signal processing, the systolic array operates on matrices, an inherently parallel view of the data, using numerical linear algebra algorithms that have been suitably parallelized to efficiently utilize the available hardware. This article describes work currently underway at the Naval Ocean Systems Center, San Diego, California, to build a two-dimensional systolic array, SLAPP, demonstrating efficient and modular parallelization of key matric computations for real-time signal- and image-processing problems.
An Algebraic Hardware/Software Partitioning Algorithm
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
秦胜潮; 何积丰; 裘宗燕; 张乃孝
2002-01-01
Hardware and software co-design is a design technique which delivers computer systems comprising hardware and software components. A critical phase of the co-design process is to decompose a program into hardware and software. This paper proposes an algebraic partitioning algorithm whose correctness is verified in program algebra. The authors introduce a program analysis phase before program partitioning and develop a collection of syntax-based splitting rules. The former provides the information for moving operations from software to hardware and reducing the interaction between components, and the latter supports a compositional approach to program partitioning.
Schwinger Algebra for Quaternionic Quantum Mechanics
Horwitz, L P
1997-01-01
It is shown that the measurement algebra of Schwinger, a characterization of the properties of Pauli measurements of the first and second kinds, forming the foundation of his formulation of quantum mechanics over the complex field, has a quaternionic generalization. In this quaternionic measurement algebra some of the notions of quaternionic quantum mechanics are clarified. The conditions imposed on the form of the corresponding quantum field theory are studied, and the quantum fields are constructed. It is shown that the resulting quantum fields coincide with the fermion or boson annihilation-creation operators obtained by Razon and Horwitz in the limit in which the number of particles in physical states $N \\to \\infty$.
Linear algebra on a Cray X-MP. Technical document
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Freund, R.F.
1990-04-01
This paper discusses basic issues of vectorization as well as memory organization and contention for vector machines. There is an analysis of the implications of these issues for the performance of basic linear algebra operations, SAXPY and SDOT.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
Over a field F of arbitrary characteristic, we define the associative and the Lie algebras of Weyl type on the same vector space A［D]=A［D] from any pair of a commutative associative algebra A with an identity element and the polynomial algebra ［D] of a commutative derivation subalgebra D of A. We prove that A[D], as a Lie algebra (modulo its center) or as an associative algebra, is simple if and only if A is D－simple and A［D] acts faithfully on A. Thus we obtain a lot of simple algebras.
Algebra II workbook for dummies
Sterling, Mary Jane
2014-01-01
To succeed in Algebra II, start practicing now Algebra II builds on your Algebra I skills to prepare you for trigonometry, calculus, and a of myriad STEM topics. Working through practice problems helps students better ingest and retain lesson content, creating a solid foundation to build on for future success. Algebra II Workbook For Dummies, 2nd Edition helps you learn Algebra II by doing Algebra II. Author and math professor Mary Jane Sterling walks you through the entire course, showing you how to approach and solve the problems you encounter in class. You'll begin by refreshing your Algebr
Algebra, Logic and Qubits Quantum Abacus
Vlasov, A Yu
2000-01-01
The canonical anticommutation relations (CAR) for fermion systems can be represented by finite-dimensional matrix algebra, but it is impossible for canonical commutation relations (CCR) for bosons. After description of more simple case with representation CAR and (bounded) quantum computational networks via Clifford algebras in the paper are discussed CCR. For representation of the algebra it is not enough to use quantum networks with fixed number of qubits and it is more convenient to consider Turing machine with essential operation of appending new cells for description of infinite tape in finite terms --- it has straightforward generalization for quantum case, but for CCR it is necessary to work with symmetrized version of the quantum Turing machine. The system is called here quantum abacus due to understanding analogy with the ancient counting devices (abacus).
KWIC Index for Numerical Linear Algebra
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carpenter, J.A.
1983-07-01
This report is a sequel to ORNL/CSD-106 in the ongoing supplements to Professor A.S. Householder's KWIC Index for Numerical Algebra. Beginning with the previous supplement, the subject has been restricted to Numerical Linear Algebra, roughly characterized by the American Mathematical Society's classification sections 15 and 65F but with little coverage of infinite matrices, matrices over fields of characteristics other than zero, operator theory, optimization and those parts of matrix theory primarily combinatorial in nature. Some consideration is given to the uses of graph theory in Numerical Linear Algebra, particularly with respect to algorithms for sparse matrix computations. The period covered by this report is roughly the calendar year 1982 as measured by the appearance of the articles in the American Mathematical Society's Contents of Mathematical Publications lagging actual appearance dates by up to nearly half a year. The review citations are limited to the Mathematical Reviews (MR).
Permutation centralizer algebras and multimatrix invariants
Mattioli, Paolo; Ramgoolam, Sanjaye
2016-03-01
We introduce a class of permutation centralizer algebras which underly the combinatorics of multimatrix gauge-invariant observables. One family of such noncommutative algebras is parametrized by two integers. Its Wedderburn-Artin decomposition explains the counting of restricted Schur operators, which were introduced in the physics literature to describe open strings attached to giant gravitons and were subsequently used to diagonalize the Gaussian inner product for gauge invariants of two-matrix models. The structure of the algebra, notably its dimension, its center and its maximally commuting subalgebra, is related to Littlewood-Richardson numbers for composing Young diagrams. It gives a precise characterization of the minimal set of charges needed to distinguish arbitrary matrix gauge invariants, which are related to enhanced symmetries in gauge theory. The algebra also gives a star product for matrix invariants. The center of the algebra allows efficient computation of a sector of multimatrix correlators. These generate the counting of a certain class of bicoloured ribbon graphs with arbitrary genus.
On the Lie Symmetry Algebras of the Stationary Schrödinger and Pauli Equations
Boldyreva, M. N.; Magazev, A. A.
2017-02-01
A general method for constructing first-order symmetry operators for the stationary Schrödinger and Pauli equations is proposed. It is proven that the Lie algebra of these symmetry operators is a one-dimensional extension of some subalgebra of an e(3) algebra. We also assemble a classification of stationary electromagnetic fields for which the Schrödinger (or Pauli) equation admits a Lie algebra of first-order symmetry operators.
Quantum group symmetry and q-tensor algebras
Biedenharn, Lawrence Christian
1995-01-01
Quantum groups are a generalization of the classical Lie groups and Lie algebras and provide a natural extension of the concept of symmetry fundamental to physics. This monograph is a survey of the major developments in quantum groups, using an original approach based on the fundamental concept of a tensor operator. Using this concept, properties of both the algebra and co-algebra are developed from a single uniform point of view, which is especially helpful for understanding the noncommuting co-ordinates of the quantum plane, which we interpret as elementary tensor operators. Representations
Heisenberg double of supersymmetric algebras for noncommutative quantum field theory
Kirchanov, V. S.
2013-09-01
The ground work is laid for the construction of a Heisenberg superdouble in the form of a smash product of a standard Poincaré-Lie quantum-operator superalgebra with coalgebra and its double Lie spatial superalgebra with coalgebra, which are Hopf algebras and a Hopf modular algebra, respectively. Deformation of the superalgebras is realized by Drinfeld twists for the shift and supershift operators. As a result, an extended algebra is obtained, containing a non(anti)commutative superspace and quantum-group generators.
The q-AGT-W relations via shuffle algebras
Neguţ, Andrei
2016-01-01
We construct the action of the q-deformed W-algebra on its level r representation geometrically, using the moduli space of U(r) instantons on the plane and the double shuffle algebra. We give explicit formulas for the action of W-currents in the fixed point basis of the level r representation, and prove a relation between the Carlsson-Okounkov Ext operator and vertex operators for the deformed W-algebra. We interpret this result as a q-deformed version of the AGT-W relations.
Super Gelfand-Dickey Algebra And Integrable Models
Boukili, A El; Zemate, A
2007-01-01
The main task of this work concerns integrable models and supersymmetric extensions of the Gelfand-Dickey algebra of pseudo differential operators. The consistent and systematic study that we perform consists in describing in detail the relation existing between the algebra of (local and nonlocal) super differential operators on the ring of superfields $u_{\\frac{s}{2}}(z, \\theta), s\\in Z$ and the higher and lower spin extensions of the conformal algebra. In relation to integrable systems, the supersymmetric GD bracket play a pioneering role as it gives in some sense a guarantee of integrability of the associated non linear supersymmetric systems.
Layer potentials C*-algebras of domains with conical points
Carvalho, Catarina
2011-01-01
To a domain with conical points \\Omega, we associate a natural C*-algebra that is motivated by the study of boundary value problems on \\Omega, especially using the method of layer potentials. In two dimensions, we allow \\Omega to be a domain with ramified cracks. We construct an explicit groupoid associated to the boundary of \\Omega and use the theory of pseudodifferential operators on groupoids and its representations to obtain our layer potentials C*-algebra. We study its structure, compute the associated K-groups, and prove Fredholm conditions for the natural pseudodifferential operators affiliated to this C*-algebra.
Clone Networks, Clone Extensions and Biregularizations of Varieties of Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
J. Plonka
2001-01-01
We consider algebras of type τ- without nullary operations. An identity ψ≈ψ of type τ is clone compatible if ψ and ψ are the same variable or the sets of fundamental operation symbols in ψ and ψ are non-empty and identical. For a variety V, we denote by Vc the variety defined by all clone compatible identities from Id(V). In this paper, we give a construction of algebras called a clone network. Under some assumptions, we describe algebras from Vc by means of this construction. We find some properties of Vc and applications.
Interactions Between Representation Ttheory, Algebraic Topology and Commutative Algebra
Pitsch, Wolfgang; Zarzuela, Santiago
2016-01-01
This book includes 33 expanded abstracts of selected talks given at the two workshops "Homological Bonds Between Commutative Algebra and Representation Theory" and "Brave New Algebra: Opening Perspectives," and the conference "Opening Perspectives in Algebra, Representations, and Topology," held at the Centre de Recerca Matemàtica (CRM) in Barcelona between January and June 2015. These activities were part of the one-semester intensive research program "Interactions Between Representation Theory, Algebraic Topology and Commutative Algebra (IRTATCA)." Most of the abstracts present preliminary versions of not-yet published results and cover a large number of topics (including commutative and non commutative algebra, algebraic topology, singularity theory, triangulated categories, representation theory) overlapping with homological methods. This comprehensive book is a valuable resource for the community of researchers interested in homological algebra in a broad sense, and those curious to learn the latest dev...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Shundin; ZHANG Hua
2008-01-01
Using functional derivative technique In quantum field theory,the algebraic dy-namics approach for solution of ordinary differential evolution equations was gen-eralized to treat partial differential evolution equations.The partial differential evo-lution equations were lifted to the corresponding functional partial differential equations in functional space by Introducing the time translation operator.The functional partial differential evolution equations were solved by algebraic dynam-ics.The algebraic dynamics solutions are analytical In Taylor series In terms of both initial functions and time.Based on the exact analytical solutions,a new nu-merical algorithm-algebraic dynamics algorithm was proposed for partial differ-ential evolution equations.The difficulty of and the way out for the algorithm were discussed.The application of the approach to and computer numerical experi-ments on the nonlinear Burgers equation and meteorological advection equation indicate that the algebraic dynamics approach and algebraic dynamics algorithm are effective to the solution of nonlinear partial differential evolution equations both analytically and numerically.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2008-01-01
Using functional derivative technique in quantum field theory, the algebraic dy-namics approach for solution of ordinary differential evolution equations was gen-eralized to treat partial differential evolution equations. The partial differential evo-lution equations were lifted to the corresponding functional partial differential equations in functional space by introducing the time translation operator. The functional partial differential evolution equations were solved by algebraic dynam-ics. The algebraic dynamics solutions are analytical in Taylor series in terms of both initial functions and time. Based on the exact analytical solutions, a new nu-merical algorithm—algebraic dynamics algorithm was proposed for partial differ-ential evolution equations. The difficulty of and the way out for the algorithm were discussed. The application of the approach to and computer numerical experi-ments on the nonlinear Burgers equation and meteorological advection equation indicate that the algebraic dynamics approach and algebraic dynamics algorithm are effective to the solution of nonlinear partial differential evolution equations both analytically and numerically.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dattoli, Giuseppe; Torre, Amalia [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Frascati, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione; Ottaviani, Pier Luigi [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Bologna (Italy); Vasquez, Luis [Madris, Univ. Complutense (Spain). Dept. de Matemateca Aplicado
1997-10-01
The finite-difference based integration method for evolution-line equations is discussed in detail and framed within the general context of the evolution operator picture. Exact analytical methods are described to solve evolution-like equations in a quite general physical context. The numerical technique based on the factorization formulae of exponential operator is then illustrated and applied to the evolution-operator in both classical and quantum framework. Finally, the general view to the finite differencing schemes is provided, displaying the wide range of applications from the classical Newton equation of motion to the quantum field theory.
Dynamical Algebraic Approach to the Modified Jaynes－Cummings Model
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
许晶波; 邹旭波
2001-01-01
The modified Jaynes-Cummings model of a single two-level atom placed in the common domain of two cavities or interacting with two quantized modes is studied by a dynamical algebraic method. With the help of an SU(2) algebraic structure, we then obtain the eigenvalues, eigenstates, time evolution operator and atomic inversion operator for the system. We proceed to investigate the modified Jaynes-Cummings model governed by the Milburn equation and present the exact solution of the Milburn equation.
Structure of Solvable Quadratic Lie Algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHU Lin-sheng
2005-01-01
@@ Killing form plays a key role in the theory of semisimple Lie algebras. It is natural to extend the study to Lie algebras with a nondegenerate symmetric invariant bilinear form. Such a Lie algebra is generally called a quadratic Lie algebra which occur naturally in physics[10,12,13]. Besides semisimple Lie algebras, interesting quadratic Lie algebras include the Kac-Moody algebras and the Extended Affine Lie algebras.
Approximate Preservers on Banach Algebras and C*-Algebras
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Burgos
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of the present paper is to give approximate versions of Hua’s theorem and other related results for Banach algebras and C*-algebras. We also study linear maps approximately preserving the conorm between unital C*-algebras.
The Planar Algebra Associated to a Kac Algebra
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Vijay Kodiyalam; Zeph Landau; V S Sunder
2003-02-01
We obtain (two equivalent) presentations – in terms of generators and relations-of the planar algebra associated with the subfactor corresponding to (an outer action on a factor by) a finite-dimensional Kac algebra. One of the relations shows that the antipode of the Kac algebra agrees with the `rotation on 2-boxes'.
Abstract Algebra for Algebra Teaching: Influencing School Mathematics Instruction
Wasserman, Nicholas H.
2016-01-01
This article explores the potential for aspects of abstract algebra to be influential for the teaching of school algebra (and early algebra). Using national standards for analysis, four primary areas common in school mathematics--and their progression across elementary, middle, and secondary mathematics--where teaching may be transformed by…
Durka, R
2016-01-01
We explore the $S$-expansion framework to analyze freedom in closing the multiplication tables for the abelian semigroups. Including possibility of the zero element in the resonant decomposition and relating the Lorentz generator with the semigroup identity element leads to the wide class of the expanded Lie algebras introducing interesting modifications to the gauge gravity theories. Among the results we find not only all the Maxwell algebras of type $\\mathfrak{B}_m$, $\\mathfrak{C}_m$, and recently introduced $\\mathfrak{D}_m$, but we also produce new examples. We discuss some prospects concerning further enlarging the algebras and provide all necessary constituents for constructing the gravity actions based on the obtained results.
Durka, R.
2017-04-01
The S-expansion framework is analyzed in the context of a freedom in closing the multiplication tables for the abelian semigroups. Including the possibility of the zero element in the resonant decomposition, and associating the Lorentz generator with the semigroup identity element, leads to a wide class of the expanded Lie algebras introducing interesting modifications to the gauge gravity theories. Among the results, we find all the Maxwell algebras of type {{B}m} , {{C}m} , and the recently introduced {{D}m} . The additional new examples complete the resulting generalization of the bosonic enlargements for an arbitrary number of the Lorentz-like and translational-like generators. Some further prospects concerning enlarging the algebras are discussed, along with providing all the necessary constituents for constructing the gravity actions based on the obtained results.
Blyth, T S
2002-01-01
Basic Linear Algebra is a text for first year students leading from concrete examples to abstract theorems, via tutorial-type exercises. More exercises (of the kind a student may expect in examination papers) are grouped at the end of each section. The book covers the most important basics of any first course on linear algebra, explaining the algebra of matrices with applications to analytic geometry, systems of linear equations, difference equations and complex numbers. Linear equations are treated via Hermite normal forms which provides a successful and concrete explanation of the notion of linear independence. Another important highlight is the connection between linear mappings and matrices leading to the change of basis theorem which opens the door to the notion of similarity. This new and revised edition features additional exercises and coverage of Cramer's rule (omitted from the first edition). However, it is the new, extra chapter on computer assistance that will be of particular interest to readers:...
Adaptive Algebraic Multigrid Methods
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brezina, M; Falgout, R; MacLachlan, S; Manteuffel, T; McCormick, S; Ruge, J
2004-04-09
Our ability to simulate physical processes numerically is constrained by our ability to solve the resulting linear systems, prompting substantial research into the development of multiscale iterative methods capable of solving these linear systems with an optimal amount of effort. Overcoming the limitations of geometric multigrid methods to simple geometries and differential equations, algebraic multigrid methods construct the multigrid hierarchy based only on the given matrix. While this allows for efficient black-box solution of the linear systems associated with discretizations of many elliptic differential equations, it also results in a lack of robustness due to assumptions made on the near-null spaces of these matrices. This paper introduces an extension to algebraic multigrid methods that removes the need to make such assumptions by utilizing an adaptive process. The principles which guide the adaptivity are highlighted, as well as their application to algebraic multigrid solution of certain symmetric positive-definite linear systems.
Nearly projective Boolean algebras
Heindorf, Lutz; Shapiro, Leonid B
1994-01-01
The book is a fairly complete and up-to-date survey of projectivity and its generalizations in the class of Boolean algebras. Although algebra adds its own methods and questions, many of the results presented were first proved by topologists in the more general setting of (not necessarily zero-dimensional) compact spaces. An appendix demonstrates the application of advanced set-theoretic methods to the field. The intended readers are Boolean and universal algebraists. The book will also be useful for general topologists wanting to learn about kappa-metrizable spaces and related classes. The text is practically self-contained but assumes experience with the basic concepts and techniques of Boolean algebras.
Jarvis, Frazer
2014-01-01
The technical difficulties of algebraic number theory often make this subject appear difficult to beginners. This undergraduate textbook provides a welcome solution to these problems as it provides an approachable and thorough introduction to the topic. Algebraic Number Theory takes the reader from unique factorisation in the integers through to the modern-day number field sieve. The first few chapters consider the importance of arithmetic in fields larger than the rational numbers. Whilst some results generalise well, the unique factorisation of the integers in these more general number fields often fail. Algebraic number theory aims to overcome this problem. Most examples are taken from quadratic fields, for which calculations are easy to perform. The middle section considers more general theory and results for number fields, and the book concludes with some topics which are more likely to be suitable for advanced students, namely, the analytic class number formula and the number field sieve. This is the fi...
DE MORGAN ALGEBRAS WITH DOUBLE DEMI-PSEUDOCOMPLEMENTATION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fang Jie; Wang Leibo
2011-01-01
The variety ddpM of de Morgan algebras with double demi-pseudocomplementation consists of those algebras (L; ∧,∨,°,*,+,0,1) of type (2,2,1,1,1,0,0) where (L;∧,∨,°,0,1) is a de Morgan algebra,(L;∧,∨,*,+,0,1) is a double demi-p-lattice and the operations x → x°,x x* and x → x+ are linked by the identities x*° =x°*,x+° =x°+and x*+ =x+*.In this paper,we characterize congruences on a ddpM-algebra,and give a description of the subdirectly irreducible algebras.
On W1+∞ 3-algebra and integrable system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Min-Ru Chen
2015-02-01
Full Text Available We construct the W1+∞ 3-algebra and investigate its connection with the integrable systems. Since the W1+∞ 3-algebra with a fixed generator W00 in the operator Nambu 3-bracket recovers the W1+∞ algebra, it is intrinsically related to the KP hierarchy. For the general case of the W1+∞ 3-algebra, we directly derive the KP and KdV equations from the Nambu–Poisson evolution equation with the different Hamiltonian pairs of the KP hierarchy. Due to the Nambu–Poisson evolution equation involves two Hamiltonians, the deep relationship between the Hamiltonian pairs of KP hierarchy is revealed. Furthermore we give a realization of the W1+∞ 3-algebra in terms of a complex bosonic field. Based on the Nambu 3-brackets of the complex bosonic field, we derive the (generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation and give an application in optical soliton.
Integrable systems in the realm of algebraic geometry
Vanhaecke, Pol
2001-01-01
This book treats the general theory of Poisson structures and integrable systems on affine varieties in a systematic way. Special attention is drawn to algebraic completely integrable systems. Several integrable systems are constructed and studied in detail and a few applications of integrable systems to algebraic geometry are worked out. In the second edition some of the concepts in Poisson geometry are clarified by introducting Poisson cohomology; the Mumford systems are constructed from the algebra of pseudo-differential operators, which clarifies their origin; a new explanation of the multi Hamiltonian structure of the Mumford systems is given by using the loop algebra of sl(2); and finally Goedesic flow on SO(4) is added to illustrate the linearizatin algorith and to give another application of integrable systems to algebraic geometry.
Vibrational spectra of nickel metalloporphyrins: An algebraic approach
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Srinivasa Rao Karumuri; Joydeep Choudhury; Nirmal Kumar Sarkar; Ramendu Bhattacharjee
2009-03-01
One of the most interesting areas of current research in molecular physics is the study of the vibrationally excitated states of medium and large molecules. In view of the considerable amount of experimental activity in this area, one needs theoretical models within which to interpret experimental data. Using Lie algebraic method, the vibrational energy levels of nickel metalloporphyrins like Ni(OEP), Ni porphyrin and Ni(TPP) are calculated for 16 vibrational modes. The algebraic Hamiltonian $$H = E_{0} + \\sum_{i=1}^{n} A_{i}C_{i} + \\sum_{i < j} A_{ij}C_{ij} + \\sum_{i < j}^{n} _{ij}M_{ij}$,$$ where , and are the algebraic parameters which vary from molecule to molecule and , and are algebraic operators. The vibrational energy levels are calculated using algebraic model Hamiltonian and the results are compared with the experimental values. The results obtained by this model are very accurate.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Anil K Karn
2003-02-01
Order unit property of a positive element in a *-algebra is defined. It is proved that precisely projections satisfy this order theoretic property. This way, unital hereditary *-subalgebras of a *-algebra are characterized.
Linear Mappings of Quaternion Algebra
Kleyn, Aleks
2011-01-01
In the paper I considered linear and antilinear automorphisms of quaternion algebra. I proved the theorem that there is unique expansion of R-linear mapping of quaternion algebra relative to the given set of linear and antilinear automorphisms.
Algebra for Gifted Third Graders.
Borenson, Henry
1987-01-01
Elementary school children who are exposed to a concrete, hands-on experience in algebraic linear equations will more readily develop a positive mind-set and expectation for success in later formal, algebraic studies. (CB)
Automorphism groups of pointed Hopf algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
YANG Shilin
2007-01-01
The group of Hopf algebra automorphisms for a finite-dimensional semisimple cosemisimple Hopf algebra over a field k was considered by Radford and Waterhouse. In this paper, the groups of Hopf algebra automorphisms for two classes of pointed Hopf algebras are determined. Note that the Hopf algebras we consider are not semisimple Hopf algebras.
Kendig, Keith
2015-01-01
Designed to make learning introductory algebraic geometry as easy as possible, this text is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who have taken a one-year course in algebra and are familiar with complex analysis. This newly updated second edition enhances the original treatment's extensive use of concrete examples and exercises with numerous figures that have been specially redrawn in Adobe Illustrator. An introductory chapter that focuses on examples of curves is followed by a more rigorous and careful look at plane curves. Subsequent chapters explore commutative ring th
Reed, Nat
2011-01-01
For grades 3-5, our State Standards-based combined resource meets the algebraic concepts addressed by the NCTM standards and encourages the students to review the concepts in unique ways. The task sheets introduce the mathematical concepts to the students around a central problem taken from real-life experiences, while the drill sheets provide warm-up and timed practice questions for the students to strengthen their procedural proficiency skills. Included are opportunities for problem-solving, patterning, algebraic graphing, equations and determining averages. The combined task & drill sheets
Reed, Nat
2011-01-01
For grades 6-8, our State Standards-based combined resource meets the algebraic concepts addressed by the NCTM standards and encourages the students to review the concepts in unique ways. The task sheets introduce the mathematical concepts to the students around a central problem taken from real-life experiences, while the drill sheets provide warm-up and timed practice questions for the students to strengthen their procedural proficiency skills. Included are opportunities for problem-solving, patterning, algebraic graphing, equations and determining averages. The combined task & drill sheets
Recollements of extension algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHEN; Qinghua(陈清华); LIN; Yanan(林亚南)
2003-01-01
Let A be a finite-dimensional algebra over arbitrary base field k. We prove: if the unbounded derived module category D-(Mod-A) admits symmetric recollement relative to unbounded derived module categories of two finite-dimensional k-algebras B and C:D-(Mod- B) ( ) D-(Mod- A) ( ) D-(Mod- C),then the unbounded derived module category D-(Mod - T(A)) admits symmetric recollement relative to the unbounded derived module categories of T(B) and T(C):D-(Mod - T(B)) ( ) D-(Mod - T(A)) ( ) D-(Mod - T(C)).
Hogben, Leslie
2013-01-01
With a substantial amount of new material, the Handbook of Linear Algebra, Second Edition provides comprehensive coverage of linear algebra concepts, applications, and computational software packages in an easy-to-use format. It guides you from the very elementary aspects of the subject to the frontiers of current research. Along with revisions and updates throughout, the second edition of this bestseller includes 20 new chapters.New to the Second EditionSeparate chapters on Schur complements, additional types of canonical forms, tensors, matrix polynomials, matrix equations, special types of
Linear Algebra Thoroughly Explained
Vujičić, Milan
2008-01-01
Linear Algebra Thoroughly Explained provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject suitable for adoption as a self-contained text for courses at undergraduate and postgraduate level. The clear and comprehensive presentation of the basic theory is illustrated throughout with an abundance of worked examples. The book is written for teachers and students of linear algebra at all levels and across mathematics and the applied sciences, particularly physics and engineering. It will also be an invaluable addition to research libraries as a comprehensive resource book for the subject.
Division algebras and supersymmetry
Baez, John C
2009-01-01
Supersymmetry is deeply related to division algebras. Nonabelian Yang--Mills fields minimally coupled to massless spinors are supersymmetric if and only if the dimension of spacetime is 3, 4, 6 or 10. The same is true for the Green--Schwarz superstring. In both cases, supersymmetry relies on the vanishing of a certain trilinear expression involving a spinor field. The reason for this, in turn, is the existence of normed division algebras in dimensions 1, 2, 4 and 8: the real numbers, complex numbers, quaternions and octonions. Here we provide a self-contained account of how this works.
Algebraic Topology, Rational Homotopy
1988-01-01
This proceedings volume centers on new developments in rational homotopy and on their influence on algebra and algebraic topology. Most of the papers are original research papers dealing with rational homotopy and tame homotopy, cyclic homology, Moore conjectures on the exponents of the homotopy groups of a finite CW-c-complex and homology of loop spaces. Of particular interest for specialists are papers on construction of the minimal model in tame theory and computation of the Lusternik-Schnirelmann category by means articles on Moore conjectures, on tame homotopy and on the properties of Poincaré series of loop spaces.
Partially ordered algebraic systems
Fuchs, Laszlo
2011-01-01
Originally published in an important series of books on pure and applied mathematics, this monograph by a distinguished mathematician explores a high-level area in algebra. It constitutes the first systematic summary of research concerning partially ordered groups, semigroups, rings, and fields. The self-contained treatment features numerous problems, complete proofs, a detailed bibliography, and indexes. It presumes some knowledge of abstract algebra, providing necessary background and references where appropriate. This inexpensive edition of a hard-to-find systematic survey will fill a gap i
Weiss, Edwin
1998-01-01
Careful organization and clear, detailed proofs characterize this methodical, self-contained exposition of basic results of classical algebraic number theory from a relatively modem point of view. This volume presents most of the number-theoretic prerequisites for a study of either class field theory (as formulated by Artin and Tate) or the contemporary treatment of analytical questions (as found, for example, in Tate's thesis).Although concerned exclusively with algebraic number fields, this treatment features axiomatic formulations with a considerable range of applications. Modem abstract te
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Christian, J M; McDonald, G S [Joule Physics Laboratory, School of Computing, Science and Engineering, Materials and Physics Research Centre, University of Salford, Salford M5 4WT (United Kingdom); Chamorro-Posada, P, E-mail: j.christian@salford.ac.u [Departamento de Teoria de la Senal y Comunicaciones e Ingenieria Telematica, Universidad de Valladolid, ETSI Telecomunicacion, Campus Miguel Delibes s/n, 47011 Valladolid (Spain)
2010-02-26
We report, to the best of our knowledge, the first exact analytical algebraic solitons of a generalized cubic-quintic Helmholtz equation. This class of governing equation plays a key role in photonics modelling, allowing a full description of the propagation and interaction of broad scalar beams. New conservation laws are presented, and the recovery of paraxial results is discussed in detail. The stability properties of the new solitons are investigated by combining semi-analytical methods and computer simulations. In particular, new general stability regimes are reported for algebraic bright solitons.
Hohn, Franz E
2012-01-01
This complete and coherent exposition, complemented by numerous illustrative examples, offers readers a text that can teach by itself. Fully rigorous in its treatment, it offers a mathematically sound sequencing of topics. The work starts with the most basic laws of matrix algebra and progresses to the sweep-out process for obtaining the complete solution of any given system of linear equations - homogeneous or nonhomogeneous - and the role of matrix algebra in the presentation of useful geometric ideas, techniques, and terminology.Other subjects include the complete treatment of the structur
Endomorphisms of graph algebras
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Conti, Roberto; Hong, Jeong Hee; Szymanski, Wojciech
2012-01-01
We initiate a systematic investigation of endomorphisms of graph C*-algebras C*(E), extending several known results on endomorphisms of the Cuntz algebras O_n. Most but not all of this study is focused on endomorphisms which permute the vertex projections and globally preserve the diagonal MASA D...... that the restriction to the diagonal MASA of an automorphism which globally preserves both D_E and the core AF-subalgebra eventually commutes with the corresponding one-sided shift. Secondly, we exhibit several properties of proper endomorphisms, investigate invertibility of localized endomorphisms both on C...
An index formula for the extended Heisenberg algebra of Epstein, Melrose and Mendoza
van Erp, Erik
2010-01-01
The extended Heisenberg algebra for a contact manifold contains, as subalgebras, both the Heisenberg algebra as well as the classical pseudodifferential operators. We derive here a formula for the index of Fredholm operators in this extended calculus. This formula incorporates in a single expression the Atiyah-Singer formula for elliptic operators, as well as Boutet de Monvel's Toeplitz index formula.
Derivations of generalized Weyl algebras
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SU; Yucai(苏育才)
2003-01-01
A class of the associative and Lie algebras A[D] = A × F[D] of Weyl type are studied, where Ais a commutative associative algebra with an identity element over a field F of characteristic zero, and F[D] isthe polynomial algebra of a finite dimensional commutative subalgebra of locally finite derivations of A suchthat A is D-simple. The derivations of these associative and Lie algebras are precisely determined.
The theory of algebraic numbers
Pollard, Harry
1998-01-01
An excellent introduction to the basics of algebraic number theory, this concise, well-written volume examines Gaussian primes; polynomials over a field; algebraic number fields; and algebraic integers and integral bases. After establishing a firm introductory foundation, the text explores the uses of arithmetic in algebraic number fields; the fundamental theorem of ideal theory and its consequences; ideal classes and class numbers; and the Fermat conjecture. 1975 edition. References. List of Symbols. Index.
Optimal Algorithm for Algebraic Factoring
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
支丽红
1997-01-01
This paper presents on optimized method for factoring multivariate polynomials over algebraic extension fields defined by an irreducible ascending set. The basic idea is to convert multivariate polynomials to univariate polynomials and algebraic extension fields to algebraic number fields by suitable integer substituteions.Then factorize the univariate polynomials over the algebraic number fields.Finally,construct mulativariate factors of the original polynomial by Hensel lemma and TRUEFACTOR test.Some examples with timing are included.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Shunjin; ZHANG Hua
2006-01-01
The problem of preserving fidelity in numerical computation of nonlinear ordinary differential equations is studied in terms of preserving local differential structure and approximating global integration structure of the dynamical system.The ordinary differential equations are lifted to the corresponding partial differential equations in the framework of algebraic dynamics,and a new algorithm-algebraic dynamics algorithm is proposed based on the exact analytical solutions of the ordinary differential equations by the algebraic dynamics method.In the new algorithm,the time evolution of the ordinary differential system is described locally by the time translation operator and globally by the time evolution operator.The exact analytical piece-like solution of the ordinary differential equations is expressd in terms of Taylor series with a local convergent radius,and its finite order truncation leads to the new numerical algorithm with a controllable precision better than Runge Kutta Algorithm and Symplectic Geometric Algorithm.
Application of polynomial su(1, 1) algebra to Pöschl-Teller potentials
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhang, Hong-Biao, E-mail: zhanghb017@nenu.edu.cn; Lu, Lu [School of Physics, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024 (China)
2013-12-15
Two novel polynomial su(1, 1) algebras for the physical systems with the first and second Pöschl-Teller (PT) potentials are constructed, and their specific representations are presented. Meanwhile, these polynomial su(1, 1) algebras are used as an algebraic technique to solve eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the Hamiltonians associated with the first and second PT potentials. The algebraic approach explores an appropriate new pair of raising and lowing operators K-circumflex{sub ±} of polynomial su(1, 1) algebra as a pair of shift operators of our Hamiltonians. In addition, two usual su(1, 1) algebras associated with the first and second PT potentials are derived naturally from the polynomial su(1, 1) algebras built by us.
Assessing Elementary Algebra with STACK
Sangwin, Christopher J.
2007-01-01
This paper concerns computer aided assessment (CAA) of mathematics in which a computer algebra system (CAS) is used to help assess students' responses to elementary algebra questions. Using a methodology of documentary analysis, we examine what is taught in elementary algebra. The STACK CAA system, http://www.stack.bham.ac.uk/, which uses the CAS…
Perturbation semigroup of matrix algebras
Neumann, N.; Suijlekom, W.D. van
2016-01-01
In this article we analyze the structure of the semigroup of inner perturbations in noncommutative geometry. This perturbation semigroup is associated to a unital associative *-algebra and extends the group of unitary elements of this *-algebra. We compute the perturbation semigroup for all matrix algebras.
An algebra of reversible computation.
Wang, Yong
2016-01-01
We design an axiomatization for reversible computation called reversible ACP (RACP). It has four extendible modules: basic reversible processes algebra, algebra of reversible communicating processes, recursion and abstraction. Just like process algebra ACP in classical computing, RACP can be treated as an axiomatization foundation for reversible computation.
Laan, P. van der
2001-01-01
In the literature several Hopf algebras that can be described in terms of trees have been studied. This paper tries to answer the question whether one can understand some of these Hopf algebras in terms of a single mathematical construction. The starting point is the Hopf algebra of rooted trees as
An algebra of reversible computation
2016-01-01
We design an axiomatization for reversible computation called reversible ACP (RACP). It has four extendible modules, basic reversible processes algebra (BRPA), algebra of reversible communicating processes (ARCP), recursion and abstraction. Just like process algebra ACP in classical computing, RACP can be treated as an axiomatization foundation for reversible computation.
A cohomology theory of grading-restricted vertex algebras
Huang, Yi-Zhi
2010-01-01
We introduce a cohomology theory of grading-restricted vertex algebras. To construct the "correct" cohomologies, we consider linear maps from tensor powers of a grading-restricted vertex algebra to "rational functions valued in the algebraic completion of a module for the algebra," instead of linear maps from tensor powers of the algebra to a module for the algebra. One subtle complication arising from such "rational functions valued in the algebraic completion of a module" is that we have to carefully address the issue of convergence when we compose these linear maps with vertex operators. In particular, for each $n\\in \\N$, we have an inverse system $\\{H^{n}_{m}(V, W)\\}_{m\\in \\Z_{+}}$ of $n$-th cohomologies and an additional $n$-th cohomology $H_{\\infty}^{n}(V, W)$ of a grading-restricted vertex algebra $V$ with coefficients in a $V$-module $W$ such that $H_{\\infty}^{n}(V, W)$ is isomorphic to the inverse limit of the inverse system $\\{H^{n}_{m}(V, W)\\}_{m\\in \\Z_{+}}$. In the case of $n=2$, there is an addit...
The Maximal Graded Left Quotient Algebra of a Graded Algebra
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Gonzalo ARANDA PINO; Mercedes SILES MOLINA
2006-01-01
We construct the maximal graded left quotient algebra of every graded algebra A without homogeneous total right zero divisors as the direct limit of graded homomorphisms (of left A-modules)from graded dense left ideals of A into a graded left quotient algebra of A. In the case of a superalgebra,and with some extra hypothesis, we prove that the component in the neutral element of the group of the maximal graded left quotient algebra coincides with the maximal left quotient algebra of the component in the neutral element of the group of the superalgebra.