WorldWideScience

Sample records for alfred lothar wegener

  1. Archive of Geosample Information from the Alfred-Wegener-Institut (AWI) Core Repository

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Alfred-Wegener-Institut (AWI) made a one-time contribution to the Index to Marine and Lacustrine Geological Samples (IMLGS) database of metadata describing 1820...

  2. The World Radiation Monitoring Center at the Alfred Wegener Institute

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) is a project of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) and the Global Energy and Water Experiment (GEWEX). It is aimed to detect important changes in the Earth's radiation field at the Earth's surface which may be related to climate changes. To fulfil these objectives a central BSRN data archive is essential. This archive - called World Radiation Monitoring Center (WRMC) - was established in 1991 under the leadership of Prof. Atsumu Ohmura at the Division of Climate Sciences at the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, see http://bsrn.ethz.ch/. After 16 years of nearly continuous operation at ETH, the WRMC is currently going through a transition that will result in the re-establishment of the archive at the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven (AWI), Germany. The WRMC at AWI will base on the Publishing Network for Geoscientific and Environmental Data PANGAEA, see http://www.pangaea.de/. A Google-like interface will be used for searching and distributing BSRN-data via web. Each dataset will be identified, shared and published by a persistent Digital Object Identifier (DOI). The WRMC at AWI will offer output formats separated into radiation data, upper air sounding data and synoptic observations readable for a variety of widely-used software. Additionally, it will offer output converters and tools for the visualization, exploration and interpretation of data, see: http://www.pangaea.de/software/. The datasets always include all necessary meta data and citation information. Additional, links to the ftp server ftp.bsrn.awi.de, containing the original station-to-archive-files, will be available. Within this presentation first impressions about the WRMC at AWI - which will officially start during summer 2008 - will be given. (author)

  3. Alfred Wegener: modos diferentes de ver patrones nuevos de la naturaleza

    OpenAIRE

    Arias López, Luis Alberto

    2004-01-01

    Resumen: la reflexión en torno a Wegener y su teoría de la deriva continental apunta más bien a interrogarse en torno al "como" y el "por qué". En un contexto intelectual, en "un espíritu de la época", donde dominan las concepciones "fijistas" (continentes y cuencas oceánicas son rasgos primigenios de la formación de la tierra), emerge una concepción “movilista” que ve a la tierra como algo dinámico y cambiante y que brinda nuevas explicaciones radicalmente distintas. Resulta difícil pretende...

  4. Granulomatose de Wegener Wegener's granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Telma Antunes; Carmen Sílvia Valente Barbas

    2005-01-01

    A granulomatose de Wegener caracteriza-se por vasculite necrosante granulomatosa que acomete preferencialmente vias aéreas superiores, inferiores e rins. Seu diagnóstico é feito associando-se as manifestações clínicas, radiológicas (multiplos nódulos escavados) e os achados anatomopatológicos e o anticorpo anticitoplasma de neutrófilos positivo. O tratamento com corticosteróides e ciclofosfamida leva a 90% de remissão da doença em 1 ano.Wegener's granulomatosis is characterized by granulomato...

  5. Granulomatose de Wegener Wegener's granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telma Antunes

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available A granulomatose de Wegener caracteriza-se por vasculite necrosante granulomatosa que acomete preferencialmente vias aéreas superiores, inferiores e rins. Seu diagnóstico é feito associando-se as manifestações clínicas, radiológicas (multiplos nódulos escavados e os achados anatomopatológicos e o anticorpo anticitoplasma de neutrófilos positivo. O tratamento com corticosteróides e ciclofosfamida leva a 90% de remissão da doença em 1 ano.Wegener's granulomatosis is characterized by granulomatous necrotizing vasculitis that primarily affects the airways (upper and lower and the kidneys. The diagnosis is made by analyzing the clinical and radiological manifestations (multiple pulmonary cavitations, together with the pathological findings and results of the test for cytoplasmic-pattern antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. Treatment consists of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide and leads to remission of the disease within one year in 90% of cases.

  6. Alfred Hansen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Ib; Wind, Peter; Pedersen, Henrik Ærenlund

    2008-01-01

    Nekrolog over botanikeren Alfred Hansen, leder af Dansk Herbarium på Botanisk Museum, Københavns Universitet, med gennemgang af hans videnskabelige og formidlende publikationer og indsats som samler af videnskabeligt materiale.......Nekrolog over botanikeren Alfred Hansen, leder af Dansk Herbarium på Botanisk Museum, Københavns Universitet, med gennemgang af hans videnskabelige og formidlende publikationer og indsats som samler af videnskabeligt materiale....

  7. Alfred Fuchs

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hermann, Tomáš

    Červený Kostelec : Pavel Mervart, 2013 - (Šimůnek, M.; Kostlán, A.), s. 67-74 ISBN 978-80-7465-041-3. - (Studies in the History of Sciences and Humanities. 29) Institutional support: RVO:68378114 Keywords : Alfred Fuchs * Czechoslovak resistance * Czech philosophy Subject RIV: AB - History

  8. The Wegener Memorial Expedition to the Greenland Caledonides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stüwe, Kurt; Piller, Werner

    2014-05-01

    2012 marked the 100 anniversary of the publication of Alfred Wegeners book: 'Die Entstehung der Kontinente' - which is often hailed as the discovery of continental drift theory in the advent of plate tectonics. Wegener was later appointed as professor for geophysics at the University of Graz in Austria - in part for this discovery. He held this position until his death in Greenland in 1930. In honor of the hundredth anniversary of the 1912 milestone publication, the University of Graz in Austria stages an expedition to Greenland in the spirit of Alfred Wegener, supported by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. The expedition aims predominantly to unravel secrets of the Caledonides of Northeastern Greenland using an extensive sampling program to some of the least explored corners of the orogenic belt. Particular emphasis will be placed on the Hager Bjerg allochthon and its relationship to the hanging wall and footwall units. The expedition will use the unparalleled flexibility of small aircraft that will be piloted by experienced Alaskan bush pilots and brought to Greenland from Alaska for this purpose.

  9. Alfred Wallaces evolutionsteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Winterdahl, Michael; Wang, Tobias

    2013-01-01

    I år er det hundrede år siden Alfred Wallace døde. Uafhængigt af Charles Darwin kom han på sporet af en evolutionsteori baseret på naturlig udvælgelse. Officielt blev begge teorier offentliggjort samtidigt på et møde i London i 1858, men i dag er Alfred Wallace glemt af de fleste....

  10. Da deriva continental de Wegener (1912) à moderna geodinâmica global

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Rui

    2012-01-01

    Alfred Wegener formalizou o conceito de deriva continental (1912-1915) com base na mobilidade da superfície sólida da Terra; ele teve precursores mas, como meteorologista, conhecendo os movimentos rápidos dos fluidos na atmosfera, tinha as bases e a motivação necessárias para extrapolar esta mobilidade para o fluxo lento da superfície sólida terrestre, um salto fenomenológico maior nas Ciências da Terra. A tectónica de placas (1962-1969) progrediu a partir do conhecimento das bacias oceân...

  11. The Baseline Surface Radiation Network and its World Radiation Monitoring Centre at the Alfred Wegener Institute

    OpenAIRE

    König-Langlo, Gert; Sieger, Rainer; Schmithüsen, Holger; Bücker, Amelie; Richter, Friedrich; Dutton, Ellsworth

    2013-01-01

    The Earth’s radiation budget is essential for driving the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, and for building the main conditions for the Earth's climate system. To detect changes in the Earth’s surface radiation field the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) and its central archive - the World Radiation Monitoring Center (WRMC) - was created in 1992. BSRN is a project of the Radiation Panel (now the Data and Assessment Panel) from the Global Energy and Water Cycle...

  12. Papers in Warlpiri Grammar: In Memory of Lothar Jagst. Work Papers of SIL-AAB, Series A, Volume 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Stephen M., Ed.

    Five papers on the grammar of Warlpiri, an Australian Aboriginal language, include: "A Tentative Description of Ngardilpa (Warlpiri) Verbs" (Lothar H. Jagst); "Syntactic Structure of Warlpiri Clauses" (Stephen M. Swartz); "A Preliminary Description of Propositional Particles in Warlpiri" (Mary Laughren); "Warlpiri Verb Roots and Preverbs" (David…

  13. Wegener's granulomatosis and autoantibodies to neutrophil antigens

    OpenAIRE

    McCluskey, D R; Maxwell, A. P.; Watt, L

    1988-01-01

    We report five cases of Wegener's granulomatosis all of whom had clinical and histological evidence of disease activity at presentation and in whom autoantibodies to neutrophil antigens were detected. This test may prove useful for the diagnosis of this serious condition and help to monitor disease activity during treatment.

  14. Alfred Schnittke: Concerto for Electric Instruments

    OpenAIRE

    Ivashkin, Alexander V.

    2009-01-01

    Alfred Schnittke, Concerto for Electric Instruments: Reconstruction and world premiere performance conducted by Alexander Ivashkin London Philharmonic Orchestra Schnittke Festival, Southbank Centre, 22 November 2009

  15. Sclerosing Wegener's granulomatosis in the orbit

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostri, Christoffer; Heegaard, Steffen; Prause, Jan Ulrik

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: To report three cases of sclerosing Wegener's granulomatosis in the orbit and to compare the histopathological morphology with those of other types of sclerosing orbital inflammation. METHODS: We analysed the clinical data along with histopathological specimens from orbital biopsies and...... from two enucleated eyes. RESULTS: All three patients had longstanding inflammation in the orbit and involvement of the paranasal sinuses. Proptosis, impaired ocular motility and reduced visual acuity dominated the clinical picture. All histopathological specimens featured granulomatous inflammation......, tissue necrosis, vasculitis and widespread dense fibrosis. In certain areas of all specimens the fibrous tissue was arranged in characteristic concentric, onionskin-like whorls of collagen around obliterated small blood vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Wegener's granulomatosis may lead to orbital fibrosis and...

  16. Review: Joachim Radkau / Lothar Hahn (2013: Aufstieg und Fall der deutschen Atomwirtschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wild, Franziska

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Die deutsche Energiewirtschaft befindet sich im Umbruch. Der katastrophale Reaktor-Unfall von Fukushima hat nach dem Atomausstiegsbeschluss der rot-grünen Bundesregierung im Jahr 2005 und der Rücknahme desselben unter der schwarz-gelben Bundesregierung 2009 zu einer erneuten Kehrtwende der deutschen Energiepolitik geführt. Am 30. Juni 2011 stimmte der Bundestag dem neuen Atomgesetz der schwarz-gelben Bundesregierung zu, welches die endgültige Abschaltung von acht Anlagen und die Stilllegung der restlichen Kraftwerke bis zum Jahr 2022 vorsieht. Die beiden Autoren Joachim Radkau und Lothar Hahn geben mit dem vorliegenden Buch Aufstieg und Fall der deutschen Atomwirtschaft einen Einblick in „[d]as Auf und Ab der Atomkraft.“ (9. Sie stellen die „Atomeuphorie“ (60 der Anfangsjahre dem „zunehmenden Widerstand“ (326 und dem „endgültige[n] Aus“ (362 der Atomwirtschaft gegenüber. Die Autoren gehen auf divergierende Interessen und Ansätze ein und zeigen die Standpunkte von Industrie, Forschung, Politik und Öffentlichkeit auf. Dabei stellen sie die zentrale These auf, dass sich der Ausstieg aus der Atomenergie „teils offen, teils latent“ (396 bereits seit langem angekündigt hat. Radkau und Hahn legen einerseits einen Schwerpunkt auf die politischen und wirtschaftlichen Entscheidungsprozesse, andererseits geben sie einen Einblick in die Forschungsentwicklung der Kernreaktoren.

  17. Alfred Vogel / Jasmiin-Ene Kallas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kallas, Jasmiin-Ene

    1999-01-01

    Ravimtaimede tundja, rändur, toitumisteadlane, publitsist, maailmamainega lektor, ühe tuntuima firma Bioforce AG looja shveitslane Alfred Vogel (1902-1996). Järgneb 1.,8.,15.,22.,29. dets. ; 2000, 5.,12.,19. jaan.

  18. Bronchoplastic procedure for an unusual indication--Wegener's granulomatosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Soo, Alan

    2009-09-01

    Wegener\\'s granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic vasculitic condition that commonly affects the lung and kidneys. With improvement in medical therapy, airway complications are increasingly encountered and are difficult to manage. Here, we present a case whereby a patient presenting with airway complication is successfully treated with surgery.

  19. Alfred Russel Wallace deserves better

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    David Lloyd; Julian Wimpenny; Alfred Venables

    2010-09-01

    During 2009, while we were celebrating Charles Darwin and his The origin of species, sadly, little was said about the critical contribution of Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913) to the development of the theory of evolution. Like Darwin, he was a truly remarkable nineteenth century intellect and polymath and, according to a recent book by Roy Davies (The Darwin conspiracy: origins of a scientific crime), he has a stronger claim to the Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection than has Darwin. Here we present a critical comparison between the contributions of the two scientists. Sometimes referred to as ‘The other beetle-hunter’ and largely neglected for many decades, Wallace had a far greater experience of collecting and investigating animals and plants from their native habitats than had Darwin. He was furthermore much more than a pioneer biogeographer and evolutionary theorist, and also made contributions to anthropology, ethnography, geology, land reform and social issues. However, being a more modest, self-deprecating man than Darwin, and lacking the latter’s establishment connections, Wallace’s contribution to the theory of evolution was not given the recognition it deserved and he was undoubtedly shabbily treated at the time. It is time that Wallace’s relationship with Darwin is reconsidered in preparation for 2013, the centenary of Wallace’s death, and he should be recognized as at least an equal in the Wallace–Darwin theory of evolution.

  20. Incidence of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener`s) in Greenland and the Faroe Islands

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, M; Helleberg, M; Obel, N;

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies suggest that the incidence of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's; GPA) increases along a south-north gradient in the Northern Hemisphere with an incidence of 8.0/million/year reported for the population of Northern Norway. In the present study, we assessed the incidence...... of GPA in the predominantly Inuit population of Greenland and in the Caucasian population of the Faroe Islands....

  1. Alfred Drury: The Artist as Curator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Thomas

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a series of reflections on the experience of curating the exhibition ‘Alfred Drury and the New Sculpture’ in 2013. In particular, it charts the evolution of the design of the exhibition, notably its central tableau based on a photograph of the sculptor Alfred Drury’s studio in 1900. This photograph records a display of Drury’s works for visiting Australian patrons, and could be said to record evidence of the artist curating his own work. The legitimacy of deriving a curatorial approach from this photographic evidence is discussed, along with the broader problem of ‘historicizing’ approaches to curating.

  2. Alfred Drury: The Artist as Curator

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Ben

    2016-01-01

    This article presents a series of reflections on the experience of curating the exhibition ‘Alfred Drury and the New Sculpture’ in 2013. In particular, it charts the evolution of the design of the exhibition, notably its central tableau based on a photograph of the sculptor Alfred Drury’s studio in 1900. This photograph records a display of Drury’s works for visiting Australian patrons, and could be said to record evidence of the artist curating his own work. The legitimacy of deriving a cura...

  3. Linfoma de Burkitt en un portador de granulomatosis de Wegener

    OpenAIRE

    Kryssia Rodríguez-Castro; Henry Zamora-Barquero

    2005-01-01

    Se reporta el caso de un paciente costarricense portador de granulomatosis de Wegener, en tratamiento con ciclofosfamida y prednisona, quien desarrolla un linfoma de Burkitt que lo lleva a la muerte. Se menciona la posible relación entre estas dos patologías.This is a report of a costarrican male with Wegener' s granulomatosis undergoing treatment with prednisone and cyclophosphamide, he developed a fatal Burkitt' s lymphoma. The possible relationship between these two disorders is addressed.

  4. Linfoma de Burkitt en un portador de granulomatosis de Wegener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kryssia Rodríguez-Castro

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Se reporta el caso de un paciente costarricense portador de granulomatosis de Wegener, en tratamiento con ciclofosfamida y prednisona, quien desarrolla un linfoma de Burkitt que lo lleva a la muerte. Se menciona la posible relación entre estas dos patologías.This is a report of a costarrican male with Wegener' s granulomatosis undergoing treatment with prednisone and cyclophosphamide, he developed a fatal Burkitt' s lymphoma. The possible relationship between these two disorders is addressed.

  5. Pancreatic mass as an initial presentation of severe Wegener's granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Valerieva, Yana; Golemanov, Branimir; Tzolova, Nadezhda; Mitova, Rumiana

    2013-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis or a pancreatic mass is a very rare initial presentation of Wegener's granu-lomatosis. A 62-year-old woman presented with tumor-like pancreatitis and otitis media Abdominal ultrasound and magnetic resonance suggested the presence of pancreatic tumor. Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration was negative. Distal pancreatic resection and splenectomy were performed and histopathology proved Wegener's vasculitis of the pancreas and spleen. Azathioprine and steroids were subsequ...

  6. Alfred North Whitehead: Plato's Lost Dialogue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Joseph Gerard

    1978-01-01

    The author reminisces about a course, Philosophy 3b at Harvard, taught by Alfred North Whitehead in 1934, where Whitehead moved from meditations on Plato, Epicurus, and Descartes to his own metaphysical speculations. He also discusses other philosophers at Harvard, calling the 1930s the Silver Age of the Harvard Philosophy Department. (KC)

  7. 'A Berlin psychiatrist with an American passport': Lothar Kalinowsky, electroconvulsive therapy and international exchange in the mid-twentieth century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzesnitzek, Lara

    2015-12-01

    The emigration of Lothar Kalinowsky (1899-1992) might, at first glance, seem to be a history of coincidence and twists of fate, but it is shown to be a truly entangled and intertwined history and story. The international introduction of electroconvulsive therapy was not only closely involved with the political, scientific and economic conditions during World War II, but the story of Kalinowsky's relevance to it emerges from competing stories, told differently in Europe and the USA - and by Kalinowsky himself. Tracing these stories up to the end of the 1960s reveals Kalinowsky as an influential inheritor and patron of Berlin Biological Psychiatry, rather than telling the history of an émigré innovator of international neuropsychiatric research. PMID:26574059

  8. The Challenges of Developing a Framework for Global Water Cycle Monitoring and Prediction (Alfred Wegener Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Eric F.

    2014-05-01

    The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Water Strategy ("From Observations to Decisions") recognizes that "water is essential for ensuring food and energy security, for facilitating poverty reduction and health security, and for the maintenance of ecosystems and biodiversity", and that water cycle data and observations are critical for improved water management and water security - especially in less developed regions. The GEOSS Water Strategy has articulated a number of goals for improved water management, including flood and drought preparedness, that include: (i) facilitating the use of Earth Observations for water cycle observations; (ii) facilitating the acquisition, processing, and distribution of data products needed for effective management; (iii) providing expertise, information systems, and datasets to the global, regional, and national water communities. There are several challenges that must be met to advance our capability to provide near real-time water cycle monitoring, early warning of hydrological hazards (floods and droughts) and risk assessment under climate change, regionally and globally. Current approaches to monitoring and predicting hydrological hazards are limited in many parts of the world, and especially in developing countries where national capacity is limited and monitoring networks are inadequate. This presentation describes the developments at Princeton University towards a seamless monitoring and prediction framework at all time scales that allows for consistent assessment of water variability from historic to current conditions, and from seasonal and decadal predictions to climate change projections. At the center of the framework is an experimental, global water cycle monitoring and seasonal forecast system that has evolved out of regional and continental systems for the US and Africa. The system is based on land surface hydrological modeling that is driven by satellite remote sensing precipitation to predict current hydrological conditions, flood potential and the state of drought. Seasonal climate model forecasts are downscaled and bias-corrected to drive the land surface model to provide hydrological forecasts and drought products out 6-9 months. The system relies on historic reconstructions of water variability over the 20th century, which forms the background climatology to which current conditions can be assessed. Future changes in water availability and drought risk are quantified based on bias-corrected and downscaled climate model projections that are used to drive the land surface models. For regions with lack of on-the-ground data we are field-testing low-cost environmental sensors and along with new satellite products for terrestrial hydrology and vegetation, integrating these into the system for improved monitoring and prediction. At every step there are scientific challenges whose solutions are only partially being solved. In addition there are challenges in delivering such systems as "climate services", especially to societies with low technical capacity such as rural agriculturalists in sub-Saharan Africa, but whose needs for such information are great. We provide an overview of the system and some examples of real-world applications to flood and drought events, with a focus on Africa.

  9. Romania: ALFRED Demonstrator – Safety Rods System

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main goal of the ALFRED project is to play the role of a demonstrator for the European concept of a LFR, able to prove the safety and reliability in all operating conditions through the use of some simple engineering solutions while reducing to the largest possible extent the uncertainties related to all development stages: design, construction and operation. The ALFRED core has been designed taking into account in a comprehensive approach the main goals to be achieved, the safety performances required as well as the main technological constraints that should be fulfilled. In this context and taking into account the topic of the meeting, the presentation is focused on the safety rod system that has been successfully adapted from the CDT-MYRRHA project

  10. Alfred Schutz'S Sociology as a Naive Science

    OpenAIRE

    Greg Yudin

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Schutz has paid considerable attention to the position of scientist in the world and particularly to that of social scientist. His analyses make extensive use of phenomenological concepts and contain detailed descriptions of scientific cognitive style in its relation to the everyday life. However, Schutz is surprisingly silent on the motives that could justify quitting the ordinary 'world of working' and entering the scientific attitude. This paper discusses whether the Schutz normativ...

  11. DECREASED FREQUENCY OF HLA-DR13DR6 IN WEGENERS GRANULOMATOSIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    HAGEN, EC; STEGEMAN, CA; DAMARO, J; SCHREUDER, GMT; LEMS, SPM; TERVAERT, JWC; DEJONG, GM; HENE, RJ; KALLENBERG, CGM; DAHA, MR; VANDERWOUDE, FJ

    1995-01-01

    The pathogenesis of Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis and idiopathic rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) is still unclear; in vitro data support both humoral and cellular autoimmune mechanisms. An association of Wegener's granulomatosis with HLA antigens has been described

  12. Alfred Rõude sünnipäeval / Mai Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mai, 1942-

    2011-01-01

    Alfred Rõudest (15.04.1896-8.09.1968) ja tema kunstikogust, mis pärast Alfred Rõude surma jäi tema abikaasa Alide Rõude (26.05.1895-14.09.1979) valdusse, siis läks Eesti Kunstimuuseumi. Nimetatud kogu töid, mis on olnud EKM-i või on Kumu püsiekspositsioonis. Autori arvates oleks Alfred Rõude suurtööle parim monument kataloogiga varustatud suur näitus

  13. From Alfred Street to Temple Street, Detroit

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Chloe

    2015-01-01

    'From Alfred Street to Temple Street, Detroit’, a 9-metre long ink drawing of a single street in Detroit using Google Map Street View to virtually ‘walk’ down the street, recording what is seen. This drawing charts a journey through Brush Park, Detroit, an area famous for its once grand, now derelict houses, ending at the world’s largest Masonic Temple. This arose from Chloë Brown's involvement in a significant international research project ‘Topographies of the Obsolete' initiated by Ber...

  14. El concepto de intersubjetividad en Alfred Schutz

    OpenAIRE

    Yasmín Hernández Romero; Raúl Vicente Galindo Sosa

    2007-01-01

    Alfred Schutz, uno de los principales exponentes de las teorías de la subjetividad, propone una lectura de la realidad social a partir de la intersubjetividad que tiene lugar en el mundo de la vida cotidiana. En este ensayo intentamos recuperar los conceptos centrales del autor, cuya teoría es hoy revalorada por los estudiosos de las ciencias sociales, luego de la crisis de la corriente estructuralista ocurrida en la década de los ochenta, al aportar importantes consideracio...

  15. Linfoma de Burkitt en un portador de granulomatosis de Wegener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kryssia Rodríguez-Castro

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Se reporta el caso de un paciente costarricense portador de granulomatosis de Wegener, en tratamiento con ciclofosfamida y prednisona, quien desarrolla un linfoma de Burkitt que lo lleva a la muerte. Se menciona la posible relación entre estas dos patologías.

  16. Alfred Rosenberg’s clash with Christianity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Molnar Aleksandar

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article the author is following the development of Alfred Rosenberg’s social and political theory. Special attention is given to the anti-Christian attitude of the so-called "chief ideologist of Third Reich". Although one among the creators of the apocalyptic anti-Semitist ideology (about "final battle" with the Jews - perceived as the powers of Evil incarnated he opposed Nazi "Eastern politics" during the World War II. Instead of atrocities against the eastern peoples (Ukrainians, Russians etc he was prepared to give them certain autonomy and to treat them as some kind of racially inferior allies. For him, only Jews deserved extermination ("once for all" and it was this ultimate goal he expected to shape not only German foreign policy but also war itself.

  17. Sinonasal Wegener's granulomatosis: CT characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benoudiba, F.; Marsot-Dupuch, K.; Rabia, Hadj M.; Lasjaunias, P. [Neuroradiology Department, Bicetre Hospital, 78 rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicetre (France); Cabanne, J. [Department of Internal Medecine, Saint-Antoine Hospital, 184 rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris (France); Bobin, S. [Head and Neck Department, Bicetre Hospital, 78, rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicetre (France)

    2003-02-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a severe and potentially lethal granulomatosis. Even though no specific radiological criteria exist, CT may suggest the correct diagnosis at an early stage. Recent improvement in the prognosis is related to earlier diagnosis, allowing the initiation of efficient and specific treatment before any severe complications occur. We reviewed a series of WG cases in order to establish the CT diagnostic criteria. (orig.)

  18. Alfred Õunapi 36 pedagoogiaastat / Toomas Reinpõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinpõld, Toomas, 1960-

    2009-01-01

    Persoonilugu Põltsamaa Ametikooli maamajanduseriala praktilise poole kutseõpetajast Alfred Õunapist, kes pälvis Eesti Põllumajandus-Kaubanduskoja ning Maaelu Edendamise Sihtasutuse eripreemia aastatepikkuse töö eest

  19. Storm damage in the Black Forest caused by the winter storm "Lothar" – Part 1: Airborne damage assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Schmoeckel

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available An airborne survey of the Black Forest as affected by the winter storm "Lothar" in 1999 is performed by means of a color line scanner (CLS with a CCD sensor, whose data in a visible and a near-infrared channel provide the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI as a measure of the damage in previously intact forest areas. The camera data, height data from a digital evelation model (DEM, land use information, and soil data are georeferenced and processed in a geographic information system (GIS to derive relationship of the damage pattern to the characteristics of the local orography and soil types. The data cover an area of 4900 km2, 2767 km2 of which were forested. The 363 detected storm damage areas with a minimum detection size of 1.5 ha amount to 0.8% of the total forest area. Visual inspections at certain sites prove that none of the larger damage areas are missed, but areas smaller than 1.5 ha cause the total damage area to be up to twice our result, i.e. ≈1.6% of the forest area. More than 50% of the detected damaged areas are smaller than 5 ha and most of them have a size ranging from 1.5 to 3.5 ha. Forests on slopes with an inclination angle between 10 and 15 degrees show the highest fraction of damaged forest, doubling those on plains and below 5 degrees inclination angle. Forests on northwestern slopes are more affected than those on southwestern and western slopes, which faced the wind during highest wind speed occurrence. In contrast to other studies, this paper shows, that in steep areas, lee slopes are more damaged than the luv slopes. As expected, wet to moist soils represent an unstable location for the trees. But also medium-dry to dry locations that were considered to be relatively stable exhibited a highly damaged forest fraction. This can be attributed to mostly saturated soil from previous rain.

  20. An atypical case of Wegener's granulomatosis complicated by sepsis and coxitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is presented an atypical case Wegener's granulomatosis of maxillo-nasal region without bony destruction. The case is unusual because of sepsis and purulent coxitis. The patient responded well to treatment with vincristine and cyclophosphamide. ANCA (anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies) assays have very good sensitivity and specificity for Wegener's granulomatosis. (author)

  1. Malignancies in Wegener's granulomatosis: incidence and relation to cyclophosphamide therapy in a cohort of 293 patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Mikkel; Sørensen, Inge Juul; Mellemkjaer, Lene;

    2008-01-01

    To describe the incidence of malignancies in a cohort of Danish patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and to investigate the cancer risk associated with cyclophosphamide (CYC) -therapy in WG.......To describe the incidence of malignancies in a cohort of Danish patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and to investigate the cancer risk associated with cyclophosphamide (CYC) -therapy in WG....

  2. Les livres pairs d’Alfred Jarry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julien Schuh

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Dans les Gestes et opinions du Dr Faustroll, pataphysicien, Alfred Jarry décrit une bibliothèque idéale, composée de 27 ouvrages qu’il nomme mystérieusement des « livres pairs ». Dans cette liste, on trouve aussi bien des œuvres canoniques du symbolisme (Mallarmé, Verlaine, Poe traduit par Baudelaire, des titres des amis de Jarry et des piliers des revues de l’époque (Rachilde, Gustave Kahn, Léon Bloy, que des ouvrages que l’on assimile davantage aux lectures enfantines (un conte de Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, les Mille et une Nuits, le théâtre de Florian ou des textes hors-catégorie (l’œuvre de Rabelais, l’évangile de Luc, les Chants de Maldoror. Beaucoup de critiques se sont interrogés sur la notion de « parité », sur l’égalité supposée entre ces ouvrages n’appartenant pas aux mêmes catégories littéraires. Mais l’intérêt de cette liste n’est pas de fournir un classement, ou d’affirmer l’équivalence de toutes les formes textuelles, comme on l’analyse souvent, en faisant de Jarry un chantre du nihilisme qui chercherait à pervertir les hiérarchies littéraires pour montrer la vacuité du sens. Au contraire, en faisant débuter le Faustroll par une liste d’ouvrages, Jarry met en place les conditions de réception de son texte, dans une posture très littéraire. L’espace délimité par la liste des auteurs pairs fonctionne comme un portrait spirituel de Jarry-littérateur, et livre le contexte selon lequel son discours doit être reçu. La bibliothèque du Dr Faustroll fixe les références que le lecteur pourra voir convoquer dans le texte, et circonscrit l’espace littéraire dans lequel peut fonctionner cet ouvrage.

  3. Esclerite nodular e poliangiite granulomatosa (Wegener mimetizando tuberculose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cybelle Moreno Luize Franco

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Poliangiite granulomatosa é uma doença sistêmica que afeta qualquer órgão, com predileção pelo trato respiratório superior, pulmões e rins. Este artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso atípico de uma paciente com esclerite nodular como manifestação inicial da poliangiite granulomatosa (Wegener, mimetizando um quadro de tuberculose. A paciente apresentou hiperemia ocular e baixa acuidade visual progressiva por 1,5 anos, seguido por dor ocular por dois meses. A paciente possuía nódulos subpleurais com densidade de partes moles, linfonodomegalia em janela aorto-pulmonar e espessamento pleural bilateral discreto, negativo para bacilos álcool-ácido resistentes (BAAR. O diagnóstico histológico revelou uma vasculite granulomatosa sugestiva de vasculite não infecciosa (poliangiite granulomatosa. Foi iniciada pulsoterapia com ciclofosfamida.

  4. Treatment of orbital inflammation with rituximab in Wegener's granulomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baslund, Bo; Wiencke, Anne Katrine; Rasmussen, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy of rituximab therapy for the treatment of orbital inflammation in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG). METHODS: Ten WG patients with orbital inflammation were included in this case-series. None had symptoms suggestive of extra-orbital disease activity...... inflammation. All patients were treated with 1000 mg of rituximab administered twice with an interval of 14 days between the infusions. Six months after therapy, a physical examination and a control computerised tomography (CT) scan was performed. RESULTS: All patients had orbital inflammation demonstrated by...... size of the orbital mass was unchanged in eight patients. CONCLUSIONS: Rituximab therapy has positive effects on symptoms, visual acuity and/or granuloma size in some WG patients with orbital inflammation. Treatment with rituximab should be considered in WG patients with this serious manifestation of...

  5. Wegener's granulomatosis. Report of five cases and revision of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe the wegener's granulomatosis is illustrated by 5 case reports. Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare disease of unknown etiology, is characterized histologically by a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis that most commonly involves the lungs together with the nasal pathways, paranasal sinuses, and kidneys, but may affect any organ system. There is increasing recognition of early forms of wegener's granulomatosis with limited disease extension an low activity. Treatment with cyclophosphamide and corticosteroids suppresses disease activity and results in long-term. Remissions. C-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and acute-phase reactants are helpful in monitoring overall activity, but they do not reflect the manifestation of disease in specific organ systems

  6. Pulmonary manifestations of wegener granulomatosis: CT findings in 57 patients and a review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohrmann, Christian; Uhl, Markus; Kotter, Elmar; Burger, Dieter; Ghanem, Nadir; Langer, Mathias

    2005-03-01

    Wegener granulomatosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause characterized by a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis. In comparison to other vasculitides, the lung is the most common organ involved in wegener granulomatosis presenting with a very aggressive airways pathology and chronic relapsing course. Chest radiographs fail to describe the pattern and distribution of thoracic pathology sufficiently, and CT has shown to be more sensitive for detecting lung involvement. We present the CT findings of 57 patients with wegener granulomatosis and a review of the literature.

  7. Pulmonary manifestations of wegener granulomatosis: CT findings in 57 patients and a review of the literature

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wegener granulomatosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause characterized by a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis. In comparison to other vasculitides, the lung is the most common organ involved in wegener granulomatosis presenting with a very aggressive airways pathology and chronic relapsing course. Chest radiographs fail to describe the pattern and distribution of thoracic pathology sufficiently, and CT has shown to be more sensitive for detecting lung involvement. We present the CT findings of 57 patients with wegener granulomatosis and a review of the literature

  8. Wegener's thinking about the mechanism: Greenland and Iceland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacoby, Wolfgang

    2015-04-01

    Wegener's early Arctic expeditions to Greenland (1906-08 and 1912-13 with a stop in Iceland) suggest a significant affect on his thinking about the mechanism of continental drift till his death in 1930. Beside his specialized work in meteorology and the Arctic, he had a broad general interest in science especially of the earth system as a whole. The drift idea occurred to him in 1910 on the basis of new data on geomorphology (Atlantic seafloor), supported by geophysics, geology and palaeontology. In his 1912 initial public talk and ensuing paper he mentioned something akin to seafloor spreading and refuted the continental relict hypothesis from break-up for the mid-Atlantic ridge. But 1912 he bypassed the tension fractures in Iceland and in Greenland (1912-13) he experienced the rheology of ice, brittle and viscous, when thinking about the drift of SIAL continents through the SIMA mantle (as documented in his diaries). When in 1915 rewriting his 1012 paper as the book "Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane" he had given up the early idea for that of floating continental rafts. It is tempting to speculate why. Rheology of rocks was clearly described. But some misconceptions distracted him from the correct relationships: (1) Data of the time suggested that sialic rock is more solid than mafic rock which would soften at lower temperature (contrary to present knowledge) and (2) convection in the atmosphere, well known to him, seemed to be no model for convection in the mantle, although rafting continents implied mantle flow. Did the rheologies appear too different to him? Not before the mid twenties (as documented in the 4th edition of his book, 1929) did Wegener admit that mantle convection might be the answer. A great spirit was misled but clearly saw that the phenomenon of drift, based on observations, is not refuted by the lack of an explanation.

  9. Prince Alfred College 1993 Study Tour to China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Marten; Lake, Simon

    1994-01-01

    Discusses a trip to China by students of Mandarin Chinese at Prince Alfred College, Australia, in order to learn about the language and culture of the host country. Some continuing features of the stay were shopping, food, and attitudes of the local populace toward the foreigners. (Author/CK)

  10. ALFRED core. Summary, synoptic tables, conclusions and recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Petrovich, Carlo

    2013-01-01

    This report summarizes the design, the neutronic characterization and the thermal-hydraulic analysis of the ALFRED core (Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator), a criticai reactor (300 MWth) for the demonstration of the lead cooled reactors in the framework of the LEADER project (VII EURATOM FP). Some recommendations for future analyses are also provided.

  11. Kurt Alfred Georg Mendelssohn 7 January 1906 - 18 September 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The life, career and main themes of scientific achievement of Kurt Alfred Georg Mendelssohn are described in detail under the headings: early life in Germany, scientific work, early work in Germany, superconductivity, transport properties of metals, liquid helium, medical physics, Oxford and later life. (U.K.)

  12. Apostle of Freedom: Alfred Adler and His British Disciples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Pam

    2005-01-01

    The psychology of Alfred Adler is traditionally considered to be one of the three so-called in-depth or psychoanalytic therapies, the other two being the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Gustav Jung. This article demonstrates that Adler's Individual Psychology was especially influential on teachers in Vienna between the two world wars. There…

  13. Alfred Kongo, intiimse maalilaadi meister / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    Alfred Kongost, tema loomingust. A. Kongo 95. sünniaastapäeva tähistav näitus Adamson-Ericu muuseumis 10. X-11. XI ja 9. XI toimub mälestusteõhtu. Näha saab Tiina Pargi 1984. a. filmi A. Kongost

  14. Alfred Chandler viis äriajaloo massidesse / Harli Uljas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uljas, Harli

    2007-01-01

    Majandusteadlane Alfred Chandler oli esimene, kes tõi kasutusse väite, et muutused strateegias saavad olla edukad vaid juhul, kui juhid suunavad ka ettevõtte toimima uutmoodi. Teda peetakse suurkorporatsiooni äriajaloo leiutajaks. Artikkel sisaldab loetelu A. Chandleri kirjutistest

  15. [Early achievements of the Danish pharmaceutical industry--3. Alfred Benzon].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grevsen, Jørgen V; Kirkegaard, Hanne; Kruse, Edith; Kruse, Poul R

    2011-01-01

    The article series provides a written and pictorial account of the Danish pharmaceutical industry's products from their introduction until about 1950. Part 3 deals with products from the company founded by Alfred Benzon in 1849. Alfred Nicolai Benzon owned the Swan Pharmacy in Copenhagen. In 1863 he started an independent company manufacturing branded pharmaceuticals, thus combining the pharmacy's activities with the wholesale business. The family owned the company until 1952, when it was converted into a foundation. After several restructuring rounds, the medicine production business continued as Benzon Pharma A/S until 1990, when Nycomed Pharma A/S bought up all the branded pharmaceuticals. As the first pharmaceutical company in Denmark, Alfred Benzon was an industrial frontrunner in the country at the time, supplying not only the domestic market but foreign markets as well. Alfred Benzon was the first Danish company to produce ether for anesthesia, and malt extract, a dietetic preparation. The high quality of both products made them valuable export articles. In the early 1890s, Alfred Benzon became the first Danish company to start the research-based production of extract of thyroid glands from slaughtered cattle. This was the beginning of a long-standing specialization in producing organotherapeutic substances from animal organs originating from Danish animal husbandry. In 1932 the company had 26 preparations of this type in its range, many of them on the market for several years. These medicine substances included iron preparations and effervescent salts followed by sulfonamides, synthetic hormones and a substance to counteract motion sickness. PMID:21879529

  16. A disease activity score for ENT involvement in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Del Pero, Marcos Martinez; Chaudhry, Afzal; Rasmussen, Niels;

    2013-01-01

    Accurate assessment of disease activity in patients with otorhinolaryngological manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (ENT/GPA) is necessary for treatment decisions and clinical trials. We have designed a disease activity score (ENT/GPA DAS) for this purpose....

  17. Strawberry gingivitis as the first presenting sign of wegener's granulomatosis: report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Siar CH; Yeo KB; Nakano K; Nagatsuka H; Tsujigiwa H; Tomida M; Ng KH; Kawakami T

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare multi-system disease characterized by the classic triad of necrotizing granulomas affecting the upper and lower respiratory tracts, disseminated vasculitis and glomerulonephritis. Oral lesions as a presenting feature are only encountered in 2% of these cases. Hyperplastic gingival lesions or strawberry gingivitis, is a characteristic sign of Wegener's granulomatosis. The latter consists of reddish-purple exophytic gingival swellings with petechial h...

  18. Alfred pilot wetland to treat municipal lagoon effluent - case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A constructed wetland demonstration system has been built to polish the municipal lagoon effluent from the village of Alfred. The treatment lagoons have an annual discharge in the spring and have currently reached maximum capacity; inhibiting further population growth or expansion of the local agri-food industries. The demonstration wetland system is designed to treat 15% of the municipal lagoon influent, that is, 155 m3 /day or 23,250 m3 /year. A three year monitoring program (2000-2002) was put in place to evaluate the wetland as a cost effective means to treat municipal lagoon wastewater for the village of Alfred. The 2000 and 2001 monitoring seasons have been completed, and the 2002 monitoring season will operate between June and October 2002. At the completion of the three year monitoring program the Alfred wetland system will be evaluated for its ability to polish the municipal lagoon effluent to meet the Spring/Summer/Fall discharge criteria, set by the Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE), for the receiving water body (Azatica Brook). As phosphorus is the most difficult element to remove down to MOE guidelines, the Alfred research wetland includes slag phosphorus adsorption filters and a vegetated filter as phosphorus polishing systems. Once the wetland system is approved by the MOE, the village of Alfred will be able to increase its capacity for municipal wastewater treatment. Constructed wetlands are still considered innovative systems in Ontario and government ministries (MOE, OMAFRA) are insisting upon 3-4 years of monitoring data for each constructed wetland system established. There is a clear need for monitoring data to be gathered on established systems, and for this data to be evaluated with the goal of developing reliable design guidelines. Ultimately this should result in having constructed wetlands recognised as viable wastewater treatment options in Ontario. With fewer grant programs for rural municipalities, cost effective systems such as

  19. Acute Pancreatitis as the First Presentation of Wegener's Granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed Abu-Hilal

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Context Wegener’s granulomatosis is a systemic vasculitis with prominent involvement of the respiratory tract and kidney. An association between acute pancreatitis and Wegener's granulomatosis is rarely reported and is even rarer as the first presentation. This can result in diagnostic difficulty and may allow severe pancreatitis to develop with potentially poor outcome. Case report We report a rare case with fatal outcome of vasculitis consistent with Wegener’s granulomatosis presenting as acute pancreatitis in a 20-year-old female. The patient was admitted with worsening abdominal pain associated with nausea and loss of appetite. Accepted causes of acute pancreatitis were excluded and granulomatous vasculitis of the pancreas was confirmed from immunological profile, computed tomography and histology. As the disease progressed the patient experienced cutaneous, pulmonary, renal and severe gut involvement. Thirteen months from diagnosis the patient died of multi-organ failure despite appropriate surgical and immunosuppressive therapy. Conclusion Vasculitic disease of the pancreas is rare but should be considered when other causes have been appropriately ruled out. Careful radiological, immunological and histological diagnosis is necessary and early immunosuppressant therapy in conjunction with advice from immunologists is essential to avoid the poor outcome reported in this and other case reports.

  20. Thermal hydraulic analysis of Alfred bayonet tube steam generator

    OpenAIRE

    Caramello, Marco; Panella, Bruno; De Salve, Mario; Bertani, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    The paper analyzes the performance of ALFRED steam generator from the thermal-hydraulic point of view highlighting the effect of some design features. The parameters object of the study are the regenerative heat transfer, the dimension of the inner tube and the length of the bayonet. The system code RELAP5-3D/2.4.2 has been chosen for the analysis. Sensitivities analysis allowed the determination of the different design parameters influence, here briefly summarized. The increase of regenerati...

  1. A sociologia fenomenológica de Alfred Schutz

    OpenAIRE

    Fábio Fonseca de Castro

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops a bio-bibliographical review of the thought of Alfred Schutz and his project to set up a phenomenological sociology. Schutz's work operates at the confluence of Weber's comprehensive sociology with Husserl's phenomenology and can be understood from the perspective of an anti-essentialist theory whose main assumption is the rejection of a full rationality of the real. His proposal is to reestablish, phenomenologically, comprehensive sociology. However, in order to do it, it...

  2. Pseudotumor pulmonar como apresentação inicial de granulomatose de Wegener Lung pseudotumor as the initial presentation of Wegener's granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Fouad Rabahi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A granulomatose de Wegener é uma doença inflamatória multissistêmica de etiologia desconhecida, que se caracteriza por vasculite de pequeno e médio calibre. As manifestações clínicas mais comuns envolvem o trato respiratório superior, pulmões e rins e as alterações encontradas nos exames de imagem são geralmente opacidades pulmonares ou nódulos múltiplos, bilaterais e, em 50% dos casos, cavitações. O tratamento é feito com corticoides e imunossupressores. Descreve-se um caso atípico de um homem de 61 anos cuja investigação inicial de um tumor pulmonar unilateral evidenciou, na verdade, Granulomatose de Wegener.Wegener's granulomatosis is a multisystemic inflammatory illness of unknown etiology, characterized by vasculitis of small and medium caliber vessels. The most common clinical manifestations involve the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. Common alterations in imaging studies include pulmonary opacities and bilateral multiple nodules, cavitations occurring in 50% of the cases. Treatment includes corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. We describe an atypical case of a 61-year-old man initially investigated due to suspicion of a unilateral lung tumor, which proved to be, in fact, a case of Wegener's granulomatosis.

  3. Materials for ALFRED and ELFR – selection and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Materials are one of the challenging issues for all future GENIV reactors. Several EU funded projects, e.g. ELSY and LEADER, aimed to design Pb cooled nuclear systems including the European lead cooled reactor ELFR and the demonstrator ALFRED. The selection of the structural materials determines the design and the design has to consider the properties and the availability of the materials. Beside general requirements for material properties that are common for all fast reactor types specific issues arise from coolant compatibility. The high solubility of steel alloying elements in liquid Pb at reactor relevant temperatures is clearly detrimental. Therefore, all steels that are considered as structural materials have to be protected by dissolution barriers. The common barriers for all steels under consideration are oxide scales that form in situ during operation. However, increasing the temperature above 500 °C will result either in dissolution attack or in enhanced oxidation. For higher temperatures additional barriers like alumina forming surface alloys are discussed and investigated. Mechanical loads like creep stress and fretting will act on the steels. These mechanical loads will interact with the coolant and can increase the negative effects. For ALFRED austenitic steels (316 and 15-15Ti) are selected for most in core components. The 15-15Ti is the choice for the fuel cladding of ALFRED and the ferritic martensitic steel T91 was selected as fuel clad material of the ELFR. T91 is in both designs the material to be used for the heat exchanger. Surface alloying with alumina forming alloys is considered to assure material functionality at higher temperatures and is therefore selected for fuel cladding of the ELFR and the heat exchanger tubes. (author)

  4. Neuropatia vasculítica na granulomatose de Wegener: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azevedo Filho Hildo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O acometimento neurológico no curso da granulomatose de Wegener atinge 15-50% dos pacientes, porém como sintomatologia inicial não é comentado na literatura. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente com mononeurite múltipla secundária a granulomatose de Wegener, enfocando os aspectos de antecipação do quadro neurológico em relação aos sintomas sistêmicos, a contribuição diagnóstica da biópsia do nervo sural e a boa evolução do quadro neurológico.

  5. The significance of Alfred Adler for the concept of narcissism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1985-02-01

    Alfred Adler's significance for the concept of narcissism is presented with reference to four aspects: 1) Adler's theory of masculine protest was evidently a factor influencing Freud to turn toward the phenomenon of narcissism. 2) Present-day understanding of narcissism shows remarkable similarity to Adler's views on psychodynamics and neurotic egocentricity. 3) Some contemporary criticisms of Freud's theory of narcissism are very similar to Adler's criticism. 4) Adler's theory of social interest permits subsumption of narcissism under lack of social interest rather than acceptance of it as an expression of innate socially negative tendencies. PMID:3882001

  6. THE VISIBLE HAND? THE ECONOMICS OF ALFRED CHANDLER

    OpenAIRE

    Don Matthews

    2000-01-01

    In his great work The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Alfred Chandler argues that the modern managerial enterprise replaced the invisible hand of the market in coordinating the activities and allocating the resources of the U.S. economy. But Chandler’s view of the invisible hand of the market is much too narrow. The modern managerial enterprise is not a substitute for the invisible hand of the market but an integral part of it. The Visible Hand is actually a hist...

  7. THE VISIBLE HAND? THE ECONOMICS OF ALFRED CHANDLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Don Matthews

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In his great work The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Alfred Chandler argues that the modern managerial enterprise replaced the invisible hand of the market in coordinating the activities and allocating the resources of the U.S. economy. But Chandler’s view of the invisible hand of the market is much too narrow. The modern managerial enterprise is not a substitute for the invisible hand of the market but an integral part of it. The Visible Hand is actually a history of the invisible hand of the market.

  8. The appreciation of The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock By T·S·Eliot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丽湘

    2007-01-01

    The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock is a love song and it manifest the writer internal sensitive emotion. This paper is to analyze The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock by T·S·Eliot from the following aspects: structure, images, allusions, and irony. The poem represents another Hamlet who is the representative of hesitation.

  9. Alfred - první Dvořákova opera a její osudy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    -, č. 8 (2014). ISSN 1210-1443 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Antonín Dvořák * Alfred * opera * Adolf Heller http://www.casopisharmonie.cz/svet-opery/alfred-prvni-dvorakova- opera -a-jeji-osudy.html

  10. ALFRED: A Practical Method for Alignment-Free Distance Computation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thankachan, Sharma V; Chockalingam, Sriram P; Liu, Yongchao; Apostolico, Alberto; Aluru, Srinivas

    2016-06-01

    Alignment-free approaches are gaining persistent interest in many sequence analysis applications such as phylogenetic inference and metagenomic classification/clustering, especially for large-scale sequence datasets. Besides the widely used k-mer methods, the average common substring (ACS) approach has emerged to be one of the well-known alignment-free approaches. Two recent works further generalize this ACS approach by allowing a bounded number k of mismatches in the common substrings, relying on approximation (linear time) and exact computation, respectively. Albeit having a good worst-case time complexity [Formula: see text], the exact approach is complex and unlikely to be efficient in practice. Herein, we present ALFRED, an alignment-free distance computation method, which solves the generalized common substring search problem via exact computation. Compared to the theoretical approach, our algorithm is easier to implement and more practical to use, while still providing highly competitive theoretical performances with an expected run-time of [Formula: see text]. By applying our program to phylogenetic inference as a case study, we find that our program facilitates to exactly reconstruct the topology of the reference phylogenetic tree for a set of 27 primate mitochondrial genomes, at reasonably acceptable speed. ALFRED is implemented in C++ programming language and the source code is freely available online. PMID:27138275

  11. Patients with Wegener's granulomatosis : A long-term follow-up study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Leeuw, K.; van der Graaf, A. M.; Bijzet, J.; Stegeman, C. A.; Smit, A. J.; Kallenberg, C. G.; Bijl, M.

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Atherosclerosis is accelerated in Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) patients. This study was aimed to assess which factors can predict progression of atherosclerosis in WG. Methods. 23 WG patients (14 men; age 47 +/- 9 years, mean +/- SD) and 21 controls (12 men; age 47 +/- 10 years) were

  12. Increased morbidity from ischemic heart disease in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Mikkel; Mellemkjaer, Lene; Sørensen, Inge Juul;

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies indicate that patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) experience accelerated atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the occurrence of overt ischemic heart disease (IHD) is increased in WG. METHODS: A total of 293 WG patients were...

  13. Wegener´s granulomatosis in a young patient preceded by localized cutaneous manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Smit

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Wegener´s granulomatosis (WG is a rare, systemic vasculitis involving multiple organs. The clinical presentation is highly diverse, and there is considerable risk of mortality if diagnosis and treatment are delayed. We present a case illustrating that patients with WG may initially present with localized cutaneous symptoms and signs.

  14. Detection of immune deposits in skin lesions of patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brons, RH; de Jong, MCJM; de Boer, NK; Stegeman, CA; Kallenberg, CGM; Tervaert, JWC

    2001-01-01

    Background-Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is considered a pauci-immune systemic vasculitis based on the absence of immune deposits in renal biopsies of patients with active disease. In animal models of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated glomerulonephritis, immune deposits along the

  15. Role of WEGENER (World Earthquake GEodesy Network for Environmental Hazard Research) in monitoring natural hazards (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozener, H.; Zerbini, S.; Bastos, M. L.; Becker, M. H.; Meghraoui, M.; Reilinger, R. E.

    2013-12-01

    WEGENER was originally the acronym for Working Group of European Geoscientists for the Establishment of Networks for Earth-science Research. It was founded in March 1981 in response to an appeal delivered at the Journées Luxembourgeoises de Geodynamique in December 1980 to respond with a coordinated European proposal to a NASA Announcement of Opportunity inviting participation in the Crustal Dynamics and Earthquake Research Program. WEGENER, during the past 33 years, has always kept a close contact with the Agencies and Institutions responsible for the development and maintenance of the global space geodetic networks with the aim to make them aware of the scientific needs and outcomes of the project which might have an influence on the general science policy trends. WEGENER served as Inter-commission Project 3.2, between Commission 1 and Commission 3, of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) until 2012. Since then, WEGENER project has become the Sub-commission 3.5 of IAG commission 3, namely Tectonics and Earthquake Geodesy. In this presentation, we briefly review the accomplishments of WEGENER as originally conceived and outline and justify the new focus of the WEGENER consortium. The remarkable and rapid evolution of the present state of global geodetic monitoring in regard to the precision of positioning capabilities (and hence deformation) and global coverage, the development of InSAR for monitoring strain with unprecedented spatial resolution, and continuing and planned data from highly precise satellite gravity and altimetry missions, encourage us to shift principal attention from mainly monitoring capabilities by a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic techniques to applying existing observational methodologies to the critical geophysical phenomena that threaten our planet and society. Our new focus includes developing an improved physical basis to mitigate earthquake, tsunami, and volcanic risks, and the effects of natural and

  16. Stroke, music, and creative output: Alfred Schnittke and other composers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagvazdin, Yuri

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Schnittke (1934-1998), a celebrated Russian composer of the twentieth century, suffered from several strokes which affected his left cerebral hemisphere. The disease, however, did not diminish his musical talent. Moreover, he stated that his illness in a way facilitated his work. The composer showed amazingly high productivity after his first and second injuries of the central nervous system. The main topic of this chapter is the effect of strokes on Schnittke's output, creativity, and style of music. A brief biography of the composer with the chronology of his brain hemorrhages is included. In addition, the influence of cerebrovascular lesions on creative potential of other prominent composers such as Benjamin Britten, Jean Langlais, Vissarion Shebalin, Igor Stravinsky, and Ira Randall Thompson is discussed. PMID:25684289

  17. A sociologia fenomenológica de Alfred Schutz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Fonseca de Castro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper develops a bio-bibliographical review of the thought of Alfred Schutz and his project to set up a phenomenological sociology. Schutz's work operates at the confluence of Weber's comprehensive sociology with Husserl's phenomenology and can be understood from the perspective of an anti-essentialist theory whose main assumption is the rejection of a full rationality of the real. His proposal is to reestablish, phenomenologically, comprehensive sociology. However, in order to do it, it was necessary to develop a critique of Husserl¿s transcendental egology and put the theme of subjectivity in a sociological perspective, establishing the matrix of the idea of intersubjectivity -- something that goes beyond the mere constellation of individual subjectivities, inherent in Husserl's thought. Schutz's thought presents a solution to the problem of intersubjectivity in sociology by building the core framework of a phenomenological sociology.

  18. Alfred Tarski early work in Poland—geometry and teaching

    CERN Document Server

    McFarland, Joanna; Smith, James

    2014-01-01

    Alfred Tarski (1901–1983) was a renowned Polish/American mathematician, a giant of the twentieth century, who helped establish the foundations of geometry, set theory, model theory, algebraic logic, and universal algebra. Throughout his career, he taught mathematics and logic at universities and sometimes in secondary schools. Many of his writings before 1939 were in Polish and remained inaccessible to most mathematicians and historians until now. This self-contained book focuses on Tarski’s early contributions to geometry and mathematics education, including the famous Banach–Tarski paradoxical decomposition of a sphere as well as high-school mathematical topics and pedagogy. These themes are significant since Tarski’s later research on geometry and its foundations stemmed in part from his early employment as a high-school mathematics teacher and teacher-trainer. The book contains careful translations and much newly uncovered social background of these works written during Tarski’s years in Poland....

  19. Alfred Métraux: antropologia aplicada e lusotropicalismo

    OpenAIRE

    Macagno, Lorenzo

    2013-01-01

    O artigo explora um fragmento da longa trajetória de Alfred Métraux (1902-1963): sua relação ambígua com o legado intelectual de Gilberto Freyre. O locus desta relação se situa num momento específico da sua carreira, quando, no início da década de 1950, Métraux participa da coordenação do famoso projeto de pesquisa, promovido pela UNESCO, sobre “relações raciais” no Brasil. Métraux costumava se autodefinir como um etnógrafo e como um “homem de terreno”. Mesmo confiando no papel que as ciência...

  20. Alfred P. Dachnowski and the scientific study of peats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landa, E.R.; Cohen, K.M.

    2011-01-01

    Botanist Alfred Paul Dachnowski (1875–1949) was a major contributor to efforts at mapping organic soils in the United States during the early 20th century. He began his career at The Ohio State University, and spent most of his professional life at the U.S. Department of Agriculture in Washington, DC. His work spanned a diversity of topics, including bog ecology and the ecosystem services provided by wetlands, the mapping and chemical characterization of peat, and the commercial applications of peat. We present a biography and overview of his work. Dachnowski is best known today for the peat sampler that bears his name. The details of its operation are described here, and its place in modern peat studies is discussed.

  1. Otomastoiditis como manifestación clínica inicial de granulomatosis de Wegener Otomastoiditis as an initial clinical manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge De All

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available La granulomatosis de Wegener (GW forma parte del grupo de vasculitis primarias, de vasos pequeños y medianos, asociadas a anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos (ANCA. Esta enfermedad puede afectar cualquier órgano, especialmente vías aéreas superiores, inferiores y el riñón. Muy raramente la primera y única manifestación clínica de GW generalizada es la otomastoiditis. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que inició su enfermedad con una inflamación del oído medio, sin respuesta al tratamiento habitual. Posteriormente agregó compromiso nasal, pulmonar y renal. La determinación de anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos y la biopsia transbronquial confirmaron el diagnóstico de GW. Comunicamos este caso para referir que la otomastoiditis del adulto, refractaria al tratamiento habitual, puede raramente ser la primera y única manifestación clínica de la GW.Wegener's granulomatosis (WG forms part of a group of primary vasculitis of the small and medium-sized blood vessels, associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA. This disease may affect any body organ, especially the upper and lower airways and the kidneys. Hardly ever is otomastoiditis the first and only clinical manifestation of generalized Wegener's granulomatosis. We present the case of a patient whose disease started with the inflammation of the middle ear, which was unresponsive to the usual treatment. Later he developed nasal, pulmonary and renal compromise. The determination of ANCA and a transbronchial biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of WG. We report this case to express the view that otomastoiditis in adults, which is refractory to the usual treatment, may seldom be the first and only clinical manifestation of WG.

  2. Cranial Nerve Injury as an Initial Sign of Wegener Granulomatosis: Misdiagnosis and Fatal Course in Two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Kenan TURGUTALP; Tolga KÖŞECİ; Feray TABAKAN; Gürses, İclal; Sezer ÇİÇEKLİ TURGUTALP; Ebru GÖK OĞUZ; Yilmaz, Arda; Horoz, Mehmet; Kara, Engin; Ahmet KIYKIM

    2014-01-01

    Highest prevalence of all antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated systemic vasculitides is the Wegener granulomatosis, and it’s typically characterized by a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of the respiratory tracts, kidneys, and skin. Neurologic involvement in Wegener granulomatosis ranges from 22% to 54%, but central nervous system involvement is from 2% to 8%. Cranial nerve involvement as an initial sign with concomitant systemic disease is extremely rare. Involvement of one or ...

  3. The appreciation of The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock By T·S·Eliot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢丽湘

    2007-01-01

    The love song of J·Alfred Prufrock isa love song and it manifest the writer internal sensitive emotion. This sions, and irony. The poem represents another Hamlet who is the representative of hesitation.

  4. Kuidas Alfred Adler läks tülli Sigmund Freudiga / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Adler, Alfred. Inimesetundmine : Inimeste iseloomude peategurid ja nende areng / Tlk. Debora Hint. 2.tr. Tln. : Kupar, 1995. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 97-100

  5. [Alfred Ritscher. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2] / Paul Kaegbein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaegbein, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: Ritscher, Alfred. Reval an der schwelle zur neuzeit. T. 2: Vom tode Wolters von Plettenberg bis zum Untergang des Deutschen Ordens in Livland (1535-1561). Bonn: Kulturstiftung der deutshen Vertriebenen 2001. (Historische Forschungen).

  6. Association of Wegener's granulomatosis with HLA antigens and other genetic markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papiha, S S; Murty, G E; Ad'Hia, A; Mains, B T; Venning, M

    1992-01-01

    The frequencies of the HLA-A, B, C, DR, DQ antigens and of several other genetic markers in biopsy proved and well characterised patients with Wegener's granulomatosis were compared with control frequencies of the region. A highly significant increase in HLA-DR1 was found. The percentage combined frequency of DR1-DQw1 was significantly higher in patients than in the controls. Interestingly, association with the red cell enzyme GLOI and complement locus C4B was also seen. As both of these markers are either linked or within the major histocompatibility complex region (MHC) this is further evidence for the involvement of chromosome 6 in the pathogenesis of Wegener's granulomatosis. To understand the pathology of the disease fully molecular genetic studies of the MHC region are warranted. PMID:1550412

  7. Some reflections on the history of Port Alfred in the aftermath of World War II.

    OpenAIRE

    Hummel, Chris

    1994-01-01

    • Opsomming: Hierdie artikel poog om die Oos-Kaapse gemeenskap van Port Alfred tydens 'n redelik onlangse dekade van sy bestaan uit te beeld. Hierdie re-evaluasie vind plaas teen die agtergrond van die baanbrekerswerk van Fernand Braudel van die Annalesskool en soos later verfyn deur die moderne Britse streekshistorikus Charles Phythian-Adams. Eerstens word die probleme van oorlogtydse sloping uitgelig. Tweedens word gelet op Port Alfred se aandeel in die koninklike...

  8. The importance of being Alfred -- from the king of West Saxons to Nobel

    OpenAIRE

    Walkowiak, Justyna B.

    2016-01-01

    The article appeared in a Festschrift devoted to a distinguished Polish linguist Professor Alfred F. Majewicz. It discusses the Christian name Alfred born by the Jubilarian in its various aspects: its Anglo-Saxon origins, etymology and popularity (past and present) in various European countries, with particular emphasis on Poland. It also presents some famous people, literary characters and pop culture heroes bearing this name.

  9. Polymicrobial Infections in the Early Period of Kidney Transplantation in a Case with Wegener's Granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Funda COŞKUN; Sıtkı DİZDAR; Alpaslan ERSOY; Efnan ŞENTÜRK; Emel ASLAN; Akalin, Halis; Ege, Ercüment

    2011-01-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a disorder that causes necrotizing granulomatosis vasculitis particularly of the upper respiratory tract, lung and kidney. A 43-year-old male who had been treated with hemodialysis because of renal insufficiency due to WG underwent live donor renal transplantation. Pulmonary infiltrates were detected on the postoperative 4th day and antibiotic therapy was started with a diagnosis of sepsis and pulmonary infection. Dialysis treatment was also started due to the...

  10. Alfred Adler, pioneer in prevention of mental disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1990-09-01

    Alfred Adler (1870-1937) one of the four original members of what was to become the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society, was the first to accept a humanistic-educational model of man in contrast to Freud's medical model of man. This was in line with his deep involvement with prevention; in fact his original interest was in medical prevention. The present paper describes how his work touched on all the points of the contemporary field of psychological prevention. He developed a personality theory most suitable for application in prevention, education and brief psychotherapy. He identified various categories of children at risk. He advocated the right to abortion partly to prevent the birth of a child severely at risk by being unwanted. He considered the then existing dominance of the male sex to be damaging to both sexes. He engaged in practical prevention work by addressing general audiences and especially teachers and by the establishment of and participation in Educational Counseling Centers. He felt that the honest psychologist for reasons of prevention is bound to social advocacy, and that a true psychology of mental health merges into a corresponding world philosophy. These points are fully documented with quotations and references. PMID:24264862

  11. Materials for ALFRED and ELFR selection and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    • Solubility, oxygen potential, dissolution and oxidation kinetics are key parameters for material compatibility; • Temperature limits for corrosion (dissolution) of steels in Pb/PbBi: 316 type steels: Tlimit limit3SiC2 good corrosion properties – erosion resistance to be tested; • Ta severe oxidation – hardening – not suitable in oxygen containing Pb; • Direct contact with Pb reduces mechanical properties – protective scales: - creep rupture strength; - LME (liquid metal embrittlement) at low temperature (2O3 scales forming on top increase heat transfer capability and reduce corrosion attack: • mitigates reduction in creep rupture strength; • reduces amount oxygen to be added – oxygen control easier. → We still have some work before Materials for ALFRED or ELFR are qualified; → E.g. verification of upper limit for austenitic steels; → Reliable production of surface barriers (GESA); → Proof of long term and irradiation stability → Fretting, Erosion, LM degradation.....?; → LM chemistry – oxygen supply and control

  12. Pituitary involvement in Wegener ' s granulomatosis: a case report and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶建瓴; 董怡

    2003-01-01

    Wegener ' s Granulomatosis (WG) is a multi-system disorder characterized by necrotizing granulomas in the upper and/or lower respiratory tract, with or without focal necrotizing glomerulonephritis and other systemic vasculitis.1 Clinical manifestations may vary with the site of involvement and the extension of the lesions. Pituitary involvement is rare, and to our knowledge no more than ten cases with this complication have been published in the literature in English. We report here an additional WG case complicated by pan-hypopituitarism.

  13. Lingual infarction in Wegener's Granulomatosis: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brizman Eitan

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Wegener's granulomatosis (WG is a multi-system disease, characterised by the triad of necrotising granulomata affecting the upper and lower respiratory tracts, disseminated vasculitis and glomerulonephritis. Oral lesions are associated with up to 50% of cases, although are rare as a presenting feature. The most common oral lesions associated with WG are ulceration and strawberry gingivitis. We review the literature regarding oral manifestations of WG and present a case of lingual infarction, an extremely rare oral lesion associated with WG, in a severe, rapidly progressive and ultimately fatal form of the disease.

  14. Cranial nerve palsy in Wegener's granulomatosis--lessons from clinical cases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nowack, Rainer; Wachtler, Paul; Kunz, Jürgen;

    2009-01-01

    The problem of diagnosing vasculitic neuropathy is discussed based on case reports of two patients with Wegener's granulomatosis. One patient developed de novo 6(th) nerve palsy as an isolated relapse manifestation and the second patient a sequence of multiple cranial nerve palsies. Brain imaging...... overall clinical presentations. Cranial neuropathy may be the first obvious vasculitic manifestation preceding other organ disease, and since single reliable tests for its diagnosis are lacking, a multidisciplinary approach is advocated here to detect vasculitic manifestations in other organs....

  15. Alfred-Louis de Prémare (1930-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoine Borrut

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Alfred-Louis de Prémare a eu plusieurs vies et plusieurs carrières. Je n’ai pas compétence pour les évoquer toutes. Alfred-Louis de Prémare, juillet 2004 Né en 1930 à Tours, Alfred-Louis de Prémare a grandi au Maroc où sa famille s’était établie alors qu’il avait deux ans, à la suite de la nomination de son père comme magistrat. C’est là qu’il fait ses premières armes d’arabisant et poursuit des études de langue et littérature arabes à l’Institut des hautes études marocaines et à l’universit...

  16. Plasma exchange for induction and cyclosporine A for maintenance of remission in Wegener's granulomatosis--a clinical randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szpirt, Wladimir M; Heaf, James G; Petersen, Jørgen

    2011-01-01

    The use of plasma exchange (PE) for induction treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), including Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), is still controversial. The use of PE in AAV is not commonly accepted in patients with a plasma creatinine......The use of plasma exchange (PE) for induction treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), including Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), is still controversial. The use of PE in AAV is not commonly accepted in patients with a plasma creatinine...

  17. Safety analysis results of the DBC transients performed for the ALFRED reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The LEADER project aims at the development to a conceptual level of a Lead Fast Reactor Industrial size plant and at a scaled demonstrator of the LFR technology - ALFRED. This paper presents the main safety analysis results of the selected set of DBC (Design Basis Condition) transients for the ALFRED reactor. Apart from the traditional set of protected transients (PLOF, PTOP, PLOOP), safety analysis was carried out for a number of carefully selected plant specific DBC transients, thus covering a wide spectrum of design basis conditions. (author)

  18. [A suspected case of Wegener granulomatosis accompanied with pachymeningitis and white matter lesions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoyama, Tomohisa; Abe, Tetsuya; Kurakawa, Eri; Kasuga, Ikuma; Park, Jinho; Akata, Souichi; Aoshima, Masahiro; Ohyashiki, Kazuma

    2005-03-01

    A 53-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of high fever and abnormal chest radiograph shadows. Chest X-ray on admission showed a nodular shadow in the right upper lung field and a mass shadow with a cavity in the left middle lung field. Laboratory data indicated leukocytosis and elevation of C-reactive protein. Pulmonary suppuration was suspected, panipenem/betamipron was prescribed, but a mass and consolidation developed, and the medication was changed to ciprofloxacin. Convulsive seizures with loss of consciousness appeared after the change to ciprofloxacin. Lumbar puncture revealed pleocytosis with a predominance of mononuclear cells (198/3) and elevated protein(83 mg/dl). Brain CT showed no abnormal image, and acute aseptic meningitis was diagnosed and was treated with cefotaxime, clindamycin, fluconazole, acicrovir and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim. However, the treatment did not result in symptomatic improvement, and brain MRI showed intracranial disorders. Serum PR3-ANCA was elevated to 15 U/ml. Taken together with chest X-ray, sinusitis and clinical course, a generalized form of Wegener's granulomatosis was diagnosed. She was given 60 mg/day of prednisolone, 100 mg/day of cyclophosphamide and 9 g/day of sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim and progressively improved. In this process, enhanced MR images showed thickened dural enhancement of the falx and bilateral anterior regions, which showed improvement on brain MRI at 8 months after starting treatment. We report a rare case of Wegener's granulomatosis accompanied with pachymeningitis and white matter lesions. PMID:15912757

  19. Digital gangrene a rare early manifestation of Wegener's granulomatosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akash Mathur

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Wegeners granulomatosis (WG or Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA rarely presents with digital gangrene being an early manifestation. We report a case of 60-year-old woman who presented with fever and cough with occasional hemoptysis along with painful bilateral feet digital gangrene. X ray chest and HRCT thorax of the patient was suggestive of multiple nodulo-cavitatory lesions. HPE of the lung lesion showed granulomatous pathology. CT Angiography was suggestive of multiple calcified and non-calcified lesions in infra renal aorta with stenosis of right dorsalis pedis artery. Biopsy of the skin lesion revealed a leucocytoclastic vasculitis. We eventually diagnosed GPA in light of clinical symptomatology with HPE of lung mass showing granulomatous lesion along with a positive cANCA. A few months after starting combined cyclophosphamide and steroids patient had significant symptomatic improvement. Hence Wegener's granulomatosis should always be considered as a possibility while evaluating a patient of digital gangrene specially with pulmonary and renal involvement. [Int J Res Med Sci 2016; 4(3.000: 966-968

  20. Old and New 'Anschauungen in der Anorganischen Chemie'. A homage to Alfred Werner's book and intuition: Part I. Alfred Werner's book and coordination theory

    OpenAIRE

    Berke, H

    2009-01-01

    Alfred Werner (1866-1919) is regarded as the founder of coordination chemistry. He was the author of the book entitled 'Neuere Anschauungen auf dem Gebiete der Anorganischen Chemie' (New Perspectives in Inorganic Chemistry) which guided generations of chemists in research and teaching. This book was recently awarded the 'Citation for Chemical Breakthrough' prize from the Division of the History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society. This article is the first of three dedicated to Wern...

  1. Wegener's Granulomatosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of cancer overall, increases the risk of bladder cancer 33-fold and the risk of lymphoma 11-fold. Monthly intravenous cyclophosphamide appears less toxic but also less effective. Weekly, methotrexate appears to be an effective alternative for Wegener’s ...

  2. On a Fair Copy of Riemann's 1859 Publication Created by Alfred Clebsch

    OpenAIRE

    Gabcke, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    We will verify that the fair copy "Ueber die Anzahl der Primzahlen unter einer gegebenen Gr\\"osse" found in Riemann's Nachlass is not in Riemann's hand. Further, we will show that this paper was written by Alfred Clebsch and that it was used after Clebsch's death with high probability as a setting copy for chapter VII of Riemann's Collected Works published in 1876.

  3. Alfred: Dvořák’s first opera and its fate

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    -, č. 3 (2014), s. 7-11. ISSN 1211-0264 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Gerd Albrecht * Adolf Heller * Karl Theodor Körner * opera * Antonín Dvořák * Alfred Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  4. Immagine e simbolismo in In memoriam di Alfred Tennyson

    OpenAIRE

    Mulas, Francesco Gesuino

    2000-01-01

    Analisi dell'immagine e del simbolismo nelle liriche di Alfred Tennyson, che mette a nudo non soltanto i tratti emotivi del poeta, ma ne rivela la grande capacità nel creare quelle immagini della natura che egli abbondantemente propone.

  5. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  6. Alfred Marshall in Spain: from his omission until his refund by territorial industrial policy

    OpenAIRE

    Ybarra, Josep-Antoni

    2011-01-01

    In Spanish literature on regional economic analysis, is quoted with some profusion the work of Alfred Marshall. In this paper analyzes the reasons that his work was known with some delay in Spain and why are the issues related to territorial policy —especially topics related to industrial districts and regional clusters— those with a greater focus has been extended.

  7. Cinemateca de Vertigo. El delirio de la mirada: Vertigo (1958, Alfred Hitchcock) Analisis de una secuencia

    OpenAIRE

    Castro de Paz, José Luis

    1992-01-01

    Castro De Paz, JL. (1992). Cinemateca de Vertigo. El delirio de la mirada: Vertigo (1958, Alfred Hitchcock) Analisis de una secuencia. Vértigo. Revista de cine. (2):43-48. http://hdl.handle.net/10251/42923. 43 48 2

  8. A fenomenologia social de Alfred Schutz e sua contribuicao para a enfermagem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Pinto de Jesus

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O cuidado de enfermagem pode ser considerado uma ação social que tem como cenário o mundo cotidiano, onde são estabelecidas relações intersubjetivas que devem ser valorizadas pelo enfermeiro nos diversos contextos em que atua. Estudo teórico que teve como objetivo destacar as principais concepções da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz e sua contribuição para a Enfermagem como área de conhecimento e prática profissional. As seguintes questões nortearam este estudo: qual a compreensão do cuidar em Enfermagem sob a ótica da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz? Como aplicar as concepções teóricas de Alfred Schütz na ação de cuidar em Enfermagem? Foram demarcadas tais concepções e a interface destas com a Enfermagem. Ao incorporar à Enfermagem conceitos da teoria da ação social elaborados por Alfred Schütz, este estudo permite ao enfermeiro valorizar e aplicar os aspectos apontados por este referencial teórico no âmbito assistencial, no ensino e na investigação científica.

  9. Obituary: James Alfred Van Allen, 1914-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, George H.; McIlwain, Carl Edwin

    2006-12-01

    James Alfred Van Allen, world-renowned space scientist, died 9 August 2006 at the age of ninety-one. He succumbed to heart failure after a ten-week period of declining health. Van Allen served for his entire sixty-seven-year professional career as an amazingly productive researcher, space science spokesman, inspired teacher, and valued colleague. The realization by him and his associates that charged particles are trapped by the Earth's magnetic field began a whole new field of research, magnetospheric physics. Following that initial discovery, he and his associates quickly extended their observations, first to the inner planets, and then to the rest of the planets and beyond. During his tenure at Iowa, he and his group flew instruments on more than sixty successful Earth satellites and planetary spacecraft, including the first missions to the planets Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Van Allen's lifetime publication list numbers more than 275, of which many are widely-cited, seminal papers. He was the sole author of more than 125 of those papers. Beyond the research laboratory, Van Allen worked energetically throughout his career in establishing space research as a new branch of human inquiry. He was among the most sought-after as a committee member and adviser, working at the highest levels of government, including the White House and Congress, and at all levels of the national and international research establishments. Many presentations in the non-scientific arena helped to bring the exciting discoveries and challenges of space research to the attention of the general public. James Van Allen (Van to his many friends and colleagues) was born on 7 September 1914 on a small farm near Mount Pleasant, Iowa, the second of four sons of Alfred Morris Van Allen and Alma Olney Van Allen. After high school in Mount Pleasant, he entered Iowa Wesleyan College, majoring in physics and graduating summa cum laude. While there, he was introduced to geophysics

  10. Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF), lymphotoxin and TNF receptor levels in serum from patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jónasdóttir, O; Petersen, J; Bendtzen, K

    2001-01-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic inflammatory disease with vasculitis as the key feature. Abnormal expression of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is considered of prime pathogenic importance in several inflammatory diseases. The effects of TNFa are mediated by TNF receptors (TNF...

  11. PR3-ANCA in Wegener's granulomatosis prime human mononuclear cells for enhanced activation via TLRs and NOD1/2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwashiro Atsushi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA is autoantibodies characteristic of vasculitis diseases. A connection between ANCA and Wegener's granulomatosis was well established. The interaction of both ANCA phenotypes (PR3-ANCA and MPO-ANCA with leukocytes provoked cell activation, which might be involved in the pathogenesis of ANCA-related Wegener's granulomatosis. Methods In this study, we examined whether PR3-ANCA sera and purified immunoglobulins from patients with Wegener's granulomatosis prime human monocytic cells for enhanced responses to microbial components in terms of production of proinflammatory cytokines. Results Flow cytometry demonstrated that stimulation with antibodies to proteinase 3 enhanced the expression of TLR2, 3, 4, 7, and 9, NOD1, and NOD2 in human mononuclear cells. The sera and purified immunoglobulins significantly primed human mononuclear cells to secrete interleukin-8 in response to microbial components via TLRs and NODs. Priming effects were also observed for the production of interleukin-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and tumor necrosis factor-α. On the other hand, PR3-ANCA-negative sera from patients with polyarteritis nodosa which possibly related to MPO-ANCA and aortitis syndrome as well as control sera from a healthy volunteer did not have any priming effects on PBMCs. Conclusion In conclusion, PR3-ANCA prime human mononuclear cells to produce cytokines upon stimulation with various microbial components by up-regulating the TLR and NOD signaling pathway, and these mechanisms may partially participate in the inflammatory process in Wegener's granulomatosis.

  12. Recent developments in the WegenerNet high-resolution climate station network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuchsberger, Jürgen; Kirchengast, Gottfried; Kabas, Thomas; Bichler, Christoph; Galovic, Robert

    2015-04-01

    The Feldbach region in southeast Austria, characteristic for experiencing a rich variety of weather and climate patterns, has been selected as the focus area for a pioneering weather and climate observation network at very high resolution: The WegenerNet comprises 151 meteorological stations measuring temperature, precipitation, and other parameters, in a tightly spaced grid within an area of about 20 km × 15 km centered near the city of Feldbach (46.93°N, 15.90°E). With its stations about every 2 km2, each with 5-min time sampling, the network provides regular measurements since January 2007. Quality-controlled station time series and gridded field data (spacing 200 m × 200 m) are available in near-real time (data latency less than 1-2 h) for visualization and download via a data portal (www.wegenernet.org). Detailed information is available in the recent description by Kirchengast et al. (2014) and via www.wegcenter.at/wegenernet. The network is set to serve as a long-term monitoring and validation facility for weather and climate research and applications. Uses include validation of nonhydrostatic models operated at 1-km-scale resolution and of statistical downscaling techniques (in particular for precipitation), validation of radar and satellite data, study of orography-climate relationships, and many others. The poster gives a brief introduction to the WegenerNet design and setup, its processing system and its data products, with a focus on recent developments. The latter include calibration of weather radar data (by calculating the reflectivity-rain rate transfer function of each single radar image), derivation of soil moisture from matric potential data (for inclusion in the International Soil Moisture Network), and the development of a versatile semi-automatic maintenance system. Also some example results are shown, including extreme weather events and climate variability over the 8-yr period from 2007 to 2014. Reference: Kirchengast, G., T. Kabas, A

  13. Polymicrobial Infections in the Early Period of Kidney Transplantation in a Case with Wegener's Granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Funda COŞKUN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Wegener's granulomatosis (WG is a disorder that causes necrotizing granulomatosis vasculitis particularly of the upper respiratory tract, lung and kidney. A 43-year-old male who had been treated with hemodialysis because of renal insufficiency due to WG underwent live donor renal transplantation. Pulmonary infiltrates were detected on the postoperative 4th day and antibiotic therapy was started with a diagnosis of sepsis and pulmonary infection. Dialysis treatment was also started due to the degradation of renal function for the patient who was intubated during follow-up. Non-invasive mechanical ventilation (BiPAP treatment was started after extubation. The graft and respiratory function improved during clinical follow-up. Resistant hospital infections, causing respiratory failure and systemic complications, were facilitated by a long history of hospitalization before transplantation, the presence of WG and immunosupression and were successfully treated with a multidisciplinary approach.a

  14. Long-term damage to the ENT system in Wegener's granulomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez Del Pero, Marcos; Walsh, Michael; Luqmani, Raashid; Flossmann, Oliver; Mukhtyar, Chetan; Jani, Piyush; Rasmussen, Niels; Jayne, David

    2011-01-01

    The objectives of the study are to describe long-term ENT damage and assess risk factors in patients with newly diagnosed and treated Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) using the vasculitis damage index (VDI). Data from four randomised controlled trials carried out by the European Vasculitis Study Group...... was used. Patients newly diagnosed with WG with complete data at 5 years were included. Patients enrolled into the trials without 5-year data were excluded. Total and ENT VDI scores were recorded at 12 months and after at least 5 years. Logistic regression models were constructed to assess risk...... factors using total ENT and overall VDI score over the follow-up period, the proportion of patients with increased VDI score and the presence or absence of damage as the main outcomes. One hundred and thirty-eight patients were included. Ninety patients (65%) had long-term damage and 81% of these (73...

  15. Mastoidite e paralisia facial como manifestações iniciais de Granulomatose de Wegener Mastoiditis and facial paralysis as initial manifestations of Wegener's Granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Souza de Albuquerque Maranhão

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A Granulomatose de Wegener (GW é caracterizada por granulomas necrotizantes e vasculite. Sem tratamento a doença tem prognóstico pobre com índice de mortalidade de 90% em 2 anos. Diversos autores citam as manifestações otológicas no curso da GW, entretanto não é especificado em que momento da doença elas apareceram, isto é, se como manifestação inicial ou subsequente a outros achados. Objetivo: Descrever três casos confirmados de GW que apresentaram inicialmente mastoidite e evoluíram com paralisia facial periférica (PFP. Material e Método: Estudo de série de casos. Pacientes diagnosticados com GW que apresentaram inicialmente manifestações otológicas são descritos. Resultados: Os três casos descritos abriram o quadro com otalgia, otorreia e hipoacusia unilateral, associada a paralisia facial periférica ipsilateral. Tiveram resposta inadequada aos tratamentos instituídos o que motivou uma investigação de outras doenças associadas. Nessas circunstâncias, detectaram-se títulos positivos de ANCA-C em todos pacientes, confirmando-se o diagnóstico de GW, após período variável de investigação. Institui-se o tratamento para GW observando-se melhora do quadro clínico, regressão da PFP e melhora parcial dos limiares auditivos. Conclusão: Complicações de otites médias agudas (mastoidite e PFP refratárias as terapêuticas habituais impõem a investigação de doenças associadas e a GW deverá ser pesquisada para que se possa fazer o diagnóstico o mais precocemente possível, alterando desta forma o prognóstico destes pacientes.Wegener's Granulomatosis (WG is characterized by necrotizing granulomas and vasculitis. If left untreated, the prognosis is poor - a 90% mortality rate within 2 years. Several authors have described the otologic manifestations of WG; these authors, however, have not mentioned the stage of the disease in which these findings present - whether as initial manifestations or subsequent to

  16. The European Lead Fast Reactor Strategy and the Roadmap for the Demonstrator ALFRED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Expected impacts: → To ensure that nuclear energy remains a long-term contributor to a low carbon economy it is necessary to increase its sustainability through demonstrating the technical, industrial and economic viability of Gen IV fast nuclear reactors; → With the construction and operation of MYRRHA and ALFRED, Europe will be in an excellent position to secure the development of a safe, sustainable and competitive fast nuclear technology; → ALFRED Demonstrator Roadmap will: • play a key role by involving European industry and maintaining and developing European leadership in nuclear technologies worldwide; • allow to investigate and address the main technological issues that can be implemented in the LFR prototype (2035); • make possible commercial deployment, by the European industry, of these technologies by 2050 and beyond; • contribute significantly to the development of a sustainable and secure energy supply for Europe from the second half of this century onwards

  17. [Alfred Döblin (1878-1957). Notes on the cover picture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Stuckrad-Barre, S; Schröter, K

    2003-11-01

    Alfred Döblin studied medicine after completing his Abitur (A-levels). In 1905 he earned his doctorate under Alfred Hoche, director of the psychiatric clinic, by presenting a study on "Memory disorders in Korsakoff's psychosis." He subsequently worked as an assistant doctor in various psychiatric clinics until he switched to internal medicine in 1908. He opened a practice as panel doctor in 1911, which he operated until 1930. Although Döblin had already published a few stories, he first became generally known in 1929 with the appearance of his novel entitled "Berlin Alexanderplatz: the story of Franz Biberkopf." After the burning of the Reichstag in February 1933, as a Jewish socialist Döblin was forced to emigrate. He was unable to work as a physician during his exile, but remained active in his literary pursuits. Döblin died on 26 June 1957 in the state hospital in Emmendingen. PMID:14598043

  18. The European Lead Fast Reactor Strategy and the Roadmap for the Demonstrator ALFRED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The development of the technology for a new reactor must follow a chain of gradual and progressive steps to reach maturity. This paper presents the strategy for the development of a nuclear fast reactor with closed fuel cycle and based on lead coolant technology for economical electricity production: the European Lead Fast Reactor (ELFR). This reactor has the potential to multiply by two orders of magnitude the energy output from a given amount of uranium while improving the safety of the plant and the management of high level radioactive waste (HLRW) through the transmutation of minor actinides. The roadmap of ELFR is based on the progressive up-scaling from a zero power facility to the commercial deployment of the first-of-a kind plant. The intermediate steps are a Technological Pilot Plant (MYRRHA), a Demonstrator (ALFRED) and a Prototype (PROLFR). The roadmap of the demonstrator ALFRED is also presented. (author)

  19. Progressive Nostalgia: Alfred Stieglitz, his Circle and the Romantic Anti-Capitalist Critique of Modernity

    OpenAIRE

    Berger, C. A.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines the involvement of Alfred Stieglitz – photographer, editor, art collector, impresario, talker – and his circle in the development of American modernism in the first three decades of the twentieth century. Through the analysis of photographs and artworks in other media by the Stieglitz group, the journal Camera Work, the gallery 291, a vast correspondence and art theory, criticism and social thought of the period, Stieglitz and his circle are situated in the context of an ...

  20. [Alfred Adler and the psychology of aesthetic surgery in the United States].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, S L

    2002-01-01

    The quest for a psychological theory to explain the effects of aesthetic surgery reached its high point in the 1920s with the adoption of Alfred Adler's theory of the inferiority complex. The basis for this theory was Adler's early work in the psychological response of the body to disease and "degeneration". Aesthetic surgeons sought out the Adlerian model rather than a Freudian one as purely psychological while its roots, and their own theories, were clearly somatic in origin. PMID:11791189

  1. Preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky by Alfred Adler, MD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1981-07-01

    This is a previously unpublished work by Alfred Adler that was written in 1936 as a preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky. A theory of schizophrenia is described in which characteristic prepsychotic features, especially lack of social interest and oversensitivity to real and imagined slights, lead to increasing irrationalism and preoccupation with grandiose ideas. The establishment of a cooperative therapeutic relationship and the instilling of hope are presented as central factors for successful treatment. PMID:7018450

  2. Alfred Ayer y la teoría emotivista de los enunciados morales

    OpenAIRE

    Zavadivker, N. (Nicolás)

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this work is to present and examine the emotivist theory of moral propositions according to Alfred Ayer. In the first place, we study the antecedents of this theory (Vienna Circle, Wittgenstein) and describe the positivist atmosphere in which it arose. The content of the theory is then described. Particular attention is paid to certain meta-ethical aspects and their principal consequences. Finally, we propose that the emotivist theory can be maintained with ind...

  3. Stephen R. Gliessman: Alfred E. Heller Professor of Agroecology, UC Santa Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Reti, Irene H.

    2010-01-01

    An internationally recognized leader in the field of agroecology, Stephen (Steve) Gliessman is the Alfred E. Heller Professor of Agroecology in UC Santa Cruz’s Environmental Studies Department, where he has taught since 1981. He earned his doctorate in plant ecology at UC Santa Barbara, and was the founding director of the UCSC Agroecology Program (now the Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems). His teaching focuses on agroecology, sustainable agriculture, organic gardening, eth...

  4. In situ, navigational, physical and profile data collected by Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research at OceanSITES site FRAM from 0018-03-19 to 2014-08-31 (NCEI Accession 0139307)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In situ, navigational, physical and profile oceanographic data were collected, including CURRENT SPEED - EAST/WEST COMPONENT (U), CURRENT SPEED - NORTH/SOUTH...

  5. The Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process – Its discovery and vital importance for weather and climate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trude Storelvmo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process refers to the rapid growth of ice crystals at the expense of surrounding cloud droplets, which frequently occurs in atmospheric mixed-phase clouds. The process is a result of the difference in saturation vapor pressures with respect to liquid and ice, and may in some circumstances lead to abrupt and complete cloud glaciation at temperatures between −40 °C and 0 °C in the Earth's atmosphere. The process is named after three eminent scientists who were active in the first half of the 20th century, among them being German meteorologist Walter Findeisen (1909–1945. In his classical paper published in 1938, Findeisen described the contemporary understanding of the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process and other key cloud microphysical processes. Here, we compare the understanding of the aforementioned processes at the time with that of the present, and find that they are remarkably similar. We also discuss how the Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process is implemented in state-of-the-art numerical models of the atmosphere, and highlight its importance for both weather and climate.

  6. Otomastoiditis como manifestación clínica inicial de granulomatosis de Wegener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge De All

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available La granulomatosis de Wegener (GW forma parte del grupo de vasculitis primarias, de vasos pequeños y medianos, asociadas a anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos (ANCA. Esta enfermedad puede afectar cualquier órgano, especialmente vías aéreas superiores, inferiores y el riñón. Muy raramente la primera y única manifestación clínica de GW generalizada es la otomastoiditis. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que inició su enfermedad con una inflamación del oído medio, sin respuesta al tratamiento habitual. Posteriormente agregó compromiso nasal, pulmonar y renal. La determinación de anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos y la biopsia transbronquial confirmaron el diagnóstico de GW. Comunicamos este caso para referir que la otomastoiditis del adulto, refractaria al tratamiento habitual, puede raramente ser la primera y única manifestación clínica de la GW.

  7. Association study with Wegener granulomatosis of the human phospholipase Cγ2 gene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csernok Elena

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Wegener Granulomatosis (WG is a multifactorial disease of yet unknown aetiology characterized by granulomata of the respiratory tract and systemic necrotizing vasculitis. Analyses of candidate genes revealed several associations, e.g. with α(1-antitrypsin, proteinase 3 and with the HLA-DPB1 locus. A mutation in the abnormal limb mutant 5 (ALI5 mouse in the region coding for the hydrophobic ridge loop 3 (HRL3 of the phospholipaseCγ2 (PLCγ-2 gene, corresponding to human PLCγ-2 exon 27, leads to acute and chronic inflammation and granulomatosis. For that reason, we screened exons 11, 12 and 13 coding for the hydrophobic ridge loop 1 and 2 (HRL1 and 2, respectively and exon 27 of the PLCγ-2 protein by single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP, sequencing and PCR/ restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP analyses. In addition, we screened indirectly for disease association via 4 microsatellites with pooled DNA in the PLCγ-2 gene. Results Although a few polymorphisms in these distinct exons were observed, significant differences in allele frequencies were not identified between WG patients and respective controls. In addition, the microsatellite analyses did not reveal a significant difference between our patient and control cohort. Conclusion This report does not reveal any hints for an involvement of the PLCγ-2 gene in the pathogenesis of WG in our case-control study.

  8. The Archaeology and Pottery of Nazca, Peru. Alfred L. Kroeber's 1926 Expedition. Alfred L Kroeber and Donald Collier. edited by Patrick H. Carmichael, Walnut Creek: Altamira Press, 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David L. Browman

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available This volume is the much delayed publication of the results of the Second Marshall Field Archaeological Expedition to Peru in 1926, sponsored by the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, and con­ducted by Alfred Kroeber(1876-1960. It contains some useful short "history of the discipline" remarks both in the preface by Carmichael and in the draft introduction to the original manuscript by Kroeber and Collier. Donald Collier (1911-1995, was curator at the Field Museum from 1941 to 1976, and was working with Kroeber in the late 1950s to help bring the report out, but work stopped with Kroeber's death in 1960. Carmichael ran across the unfinished manuscript in the Field Museum in 1986 while do­ing research on the Nazca assemblages as a graduate student, and with Collier's permission and assis­tance, reassembled the component parts and edited the manuscript for publication.

  9. Cuidar em oncologia na perspectiva de Alfred Schütz Cuidado en oncología segundo Alfred Schütz Oncological care according Alfred Schütz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Célia Popim

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available O estudo foi realizado com enfermeiros oncológicos em seu cotidiano de trabalho. O objetivo foi compreender a ação subjetiva desses profissionais a partir de sua relação enfermeiro-doente. O referencial fenomenológico, fundamentado nas idéias de Alfred Schütz, possibilitou essa compreensão. Diante de uma questão orientadora: o que significa para você cuidar em oncologia? descreva para mim, foram obtidos depoimentos, os quais, depois de analisados, permitiram chegar ao típico da ação do cuidador enfermeiro neste cotidiano. O estudo revelou que cuidar em oncologia implica em lidar com o humano em situação de fragilidade; requer uma relação de afetividade; é um cuidado que traz consigo a gênese do desgaste profissional. O cuidado em oncologia reveste-se de grande complexidade, requerendo do profissional uma competência que vai para além da esfera técnico-científica. Nesse sentido, o enfermeiro necessita buscar por estratégias que lhe possibilitem o enfrentamento do desgaste a que é submetido em seu trabalho.El estudio fue realizado con enfermeros oncológicos en su cotidiano de trabajo. El objetivo fue comprender la acción subjetiva de esos profesionales desde la relación enfermero-enfermo. El referencial fenomenológico, fundamentado en las ideas de Alfred Schütz, posibilitó esa comprensión. Delante de una cuestión orientadora: ¿qué significa para usted el cuidado en oncología? Descríbame, se obtuvo declaraciones que, tras análisis, permitieron llegar a lo que es típico en la acción cotidiana del cuidador enfermero. El estudio reveló que cuidar en oncología implica tratar con el ser humano en situación de fragilidad; requiere una relación de afectividad; es un cuidado que trae consigo la génesis del desgaste profesional. El cuidado en oncología se reviste de gran complejidad y requiere del profesional una competencia que va más allá de la esfera técnico-científica. En ese sentido, el enfermero

  10. Alfred Werner's role in the mid-20th century flourishing of American inorganic chemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labinger, Jay A

    2014-01-01

    The development of organic and physical chemistry as specialist fields, during the middle and end of the 19th century respectively, left inorganic behind as a decidedly less highly regarded subfield of chemistry. Despite Alfred Werner's groundbreaking studies of coordination chemistry in the early 20th century, that inferior status remained in place - particularly in the US - until the 1950s, when the beginnings of a resurgence that eventually restored its parity with the other subfields can be clearly observed. This paper explores the extent to which Werner's heritage - both direct, in the form of academic descendants, and indirect - contributed to those advances. PMID:24983802

  11. Alfred Schmidt: Teoría crítica a contrapelo

    OpenAIRE

    Hugo C. Méndez Catalán

    2013-01-01

    Alfred Schmidt se coloca fuera del dogma del marxismo soviético. Considera textos inéditos en la vida de Marx, que permiten comprender los resultados en las obras centrales. Desde el concepto de naturaleza, discute la relación sujeto-objeto y necesidad- libertad. La naturaleza está mediada socio- históricamente. No hay inconmensurabilidad sujeto-objeto, ni necesidad-libertad. El proceso cognoscitivo no se puede concebir sólo externamente, ni puede disolverse en formas subjetivo-sociales. Somo...

  12. Visionen von Natur vor uns. Alfred Ehrhardt fotografiert und filmt Urformen der Natur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Wilke

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available What did nature look like before it was destroyed by modern civilization? That is a question that was at the center of modernist art photography. It also resonates today in the context of environmental debates. On the example of the art work of Bauhaus photographer and cinematographer Alfred Ehrhardt, the artistic project of portraying nature “before us” is analyzed as an aesthetic project that positions itself before and next to the Anthropocene, i.e., the geological concept that foregrounds a radical interconnectivity between humans and nonhuman nature in our post-industrial era of mankind.

  13. Alfred Binet entre illusionnisme, spiritisme et cinéma des origines

    OpenAIRE

    Berton, Mireille

    2011-01-01

    À partir de l’incursion d’Alfred Binet dans le monde de la prestidigitation, cet article tente de retracer la logique des interactions qui se sont nouées, à la fin du XIXe siècle, entre les domaines de la psychologie expérimentale, de la magie, du spiritisme et du cinéma des premiers temps. Fournissant une véritable théorie psychologique de la prestidigitation, l’étude de Binet va contribuer à renforcer la crédibilité d’une profession ravie d’une telle caution scientifique, tout en confortant...

  14. Alfred Rosenberg und die Nordische Gesellschaft – Der „nordische Gedanke“ in Theorie und Praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgitta Almgren; Jan Hecker-Stampehl; Ernst Piper

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution traces the emergence, Gleichschaltung, expansion and demise of the Nordische Gesellschaft [Nordic Society] with a special focus on its leading protagonist Alfred Rosenberg. In the beginning of the article, the history of ideas and the organisa-tional foundations of the society are being set as a background. In the main part of the text the Nordische Gesellschaft’s activity during the “Third Reich” and under Rosenberg’s auspices is being analysed. Sources used comprise both archival material as well as the NG’s own publications

  15. Alfred Russel Wallace : Crónica de un hombre olvidado

    OpenAIRE

    Vizcaíno, Sergio Fabián

    2008-01-01

    En las próximas líneas se ensayará una síntesis, más o menos cronológica, de la rica y ajetreada existencia de Alfred Russel Wallace con algunas pinceladas sobre su singular personalidad. Quizás ellas nos den claves para comprender su pasaje desde la notoriedad pública que caracterizó su vida adulta a la oscuridad en que, en gran medida, fue relegado tras su muerte.

  16. On Sound Symbolism in Alfred Tennyson’s Poems:A Phonological Study of English Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张潇

    2015-01-01

    Generally, linguists categorize sound symbolism into two major types: direct sound symbolism and synesthetic sound symbolism. In English literature, Alfred Tennyson is a great Victorian poet adept in sensitive uses of the musical qualities of words to emphasize his poetic meanings and sensations. By analyzing his two famous short poems (“The Eagle” and “Break, Break, Break”) from a phonological perspective, this thesis intends to probe into how sound symbolism, especially the synesthetic sound symbolism, is applied to express his poetic emotions.

  17. Results of endoscopic surgery and intralesional steroid therapy for airway compromise due to tracheobronchial Wegener's granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. A. R. Nouraei

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Upper airway compromise due to tracheobronchial stenosis commonly occurs in patients with Wegener's Granulomatosis (WG. There is at present no consensus on the optimal management of this life-threatening condition. Objective: To assess the results of laryngo-tracheo-bronchoscopy, intralesional steroid therapy, laser surgery, and dilatation in managing obstructive tracheobronchial WG. Methods: Records of eighteen previously-untreated stridulous patients with obstructive tracheobronchial WG, treated between 2004 and 2006 were prospectively recorded on an airway database and retrospectively reviewed. Information about patient and lesion characteristics and treatment details were recorded. Treatment progress was illustrated using a timeline plot, and intervention-free intervals were calculated with actuarial analysis. Results: There were nine males and the average age at presentation was 40 (16 years [range 13–74]. There were thirteen patients with tracheal, and five patients with tracheal and bronchial lesions. The average tracheal lesion height was 8 (3 mm, located 23 (9 mm below the glottis. There were 1, 10 and 7 Myer-Cotton grade I, II and III lesions respectively. Mean intervention-free interval following minimally-invasive treatment was 26 (2.8 months. Following endobronchial therapy the median intervention-free interval was 22 months (p>0.8 vs. tracheal lesions. No patient required a tracheostomy or endoluminal stenting. Conclusions: Intralesional steroid therapy and conservative endoluminal surgery is an effective strategy for treating airway compromise due to active tracheal and bronchial WG, obviating the need for airway bypass or stenting. We recommend the combination of endotracheal dilatation, conservative laser surgery and steroid therapy as the standard of care for treating airway compromise due to obstructive tracheobronchial WG.

  18. Long-term damage to the ENT system in Wegener's granulomatosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez Del Pero, Marcos; Walsh, Michael; Luqmani, Raashid; Flossmann, Oliver; Mukhtyar, Chetan; Jani, Piyush; Rasmussen, Niels; Jayne, David

    2011-05-01

    The objectives of the study are to describe long-term ENT damage and assess risk factors in patients with newly diagnosed and treated Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) using the vasculitis damage index (VDI). Data from four randomised controlled trials carried out by the European Vasculitis Study Group was used. Patients newly diagnosed with WG with complete data at 5 years were included. Patients enrolled into the trials without 5-year data were excluded. Total and ENT VDI scores were recorded at 12 months and after at least 5 years. Logistic regression models were constructed to assess risk factors using total ENT and overall VDI score over the follow-up period, the proportion of patients with increased VDI score and the presence or absence of damage as the main outcomes. One hundred and thirty-eight patients were included. Ninety patients (65%) had long-term damage and 81% of these (73/90) developed some damage in the first 12 months. Positive ENT activity score (BVAS) at baseline and relapses were associated with higher ENT VDI scores long-term (OR = 6.90, 95% CI 2.01-23.75; OR = 2.65, 95% CI 1.20-5.82). Increasing BVAS score showed a trend towards lower VDI scores (OR = 0.93, 95% CI 0.88-0.99). Only ENT relapses and number of relapses were associated with an increase in VDI over time (OR = 8.38, 95% CI 3.10-22.68; OR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.24-2.58). In conclusion, most of the ENT damage in these patients was accrued within 12 months of diagnosis. We have shown an association between later ENT damage and the presence of ENT disease at baseline; lower initial BVAS and higher rate of disease relapse. PMID:21085976

  19. Vasculitis de Wegener: diferentes presentaciones pulmonares en el diagnóstico inicial y durante la evolución de la enfermedad Wegener granulomatosis: different pulmonary abnormalities at initial diagnostic and during the course of disease

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Hernandorena González; Marta Bértolo Domínguez; Rosa Dosdá Muñoz; María Victoria Pérez Martínez; Miguel Ángel Mollá Landete

    2009-01-01

    La enfermedad de Wegener es una vasculitis granulomatosa necrotizante, con afectación característica del tracto respiratorio superior, pulmones y riñones. El 90% de los pacientes tienen afectación pulmonar y los hallazgos radiográficos más frecuentes son nódulos o masas bilaterales múltiples que pueden mostrar cavitación. También se puede presentar como consolidación lobar o segmentaria o como hemorragia pulmonar difusa. El reconocimiento precoz de las alteraciones específicas es crítico para...

  20. Small cell bronchial carcinoma and pleural empyema after pneumonectomy for tuberculosis; Kleinzelliges Bronchialkarzinom und Pleuraempyem nach Pneumonektomie wegen Tuberkulose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lange, W. [St.Augustinus-Krankenhaus, Dueren-Lendersdorf (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie; Stern, W. [Kreiskrankenhaus Marienhoehe, Wuerselen (Germany). Radiologische Abt.; Kindler, J. [Kreiskrankenhaus Marienhoehe, Wuerselen (Germany). Innere Abt.

    1997-05-01

    We report the case of a 60-year-old man with a destructive ipsilateral bronchial carcinoma after pneumonectomy performed for tuberculosis several decades previously. The diagnosis steps in this case report are demonstrated and the correlations between the two diseases are discussed. The early diagnosis of malignant processes after thoracotomy performed because of tuberculosis is emphasized. (orig.) [Deutsch] Vorgestellt wird die Fallstudie eines 60jaehrigen Patienten mit einem ipsilateralen destruierenden kleinzelligen Bronchialkarzinom nach einer vor Jahrzehnten durchgefuehrten Pneumonektomie wegen Tuberkulose. Anhand der vorliegenden Kasuistik werden einerseits das diagnostische Vorgehen und andererseits moegliche ursaechliche Zusammenhaenge der vorliegenden Krankheitsbilder diskutiert. Die fruehzeitige Diagnosesicherung von malignen Prozessen nach Thorakotomien aufgrund einer Tuberkulose wird betont. (orig.)

  1. A Strange Cartography: Leylines, Landscape and “Deep Mapping” in the Works of Alfred Watkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Thurgill

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available In 1921 the photographer, antiquarian and amateur archaeologist Alfred Watkins, delivered his newly formed thesis on the origins of ancient alignments in the west of England to the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club of Hereford. Watkins posited a correlation between ancient forts, moats, mounds, churches, trees and place names, which he had shown to produce straight lines running across the landscape. In 1922 Watkins published his first book on the subject, Early British Trackways, mixing amateur archaeology, social history and supposition to introduce what Watkins named “leylines” and setting out the guidelines for other would-be ley hunters. This paper explores Watkins’ ley hunting as a practice of “deep mapping”, examining its use as an applied spatial engagement with the hidden trajectories of the landscape. In addition to providing a concise cultural history of the leyline, with particular reference to the works of Alfred Watkins, this paper develops a critical engagement with ley-walking through an auto-ethnographic response to a leyline that has been mapped and walked in Norfolk, England.

  2. Demonstrating the Effectiveness of the European LFR Concept: The ALFRED Core Design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ''Lead-cooled European Advanced DEmonstration Reactor'' (LEADER) project, approved by the European Union within the 7th EURATOM Framework Programme, was addressed with the twofold goal of further developing the conceptual design of the reference Generation-IV LFR for industrial use, and of conceiving the Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator. ALFRED is a 300 MWth pool system aimed at proving the viability of the design concept adopted for the European LFR systems, while demonstrating the effectiveness of the safety features that are implemented in a simple, passive, robust and economic way. The reference ALFRED core configuration is presented, together with the rationales adopted in the design approach in order to outline from scratch a fuel pin, fuel assembly and core complying with the technological, safety and performance constraints/goals by design. The results of the detailed neutronic and thermal-hydraulic analyses carried out to verify the proposed core design are also presented. (author)

  3. Vasculitis de Wegener: diferentes presentaciones pulmonares en el diagnóstico inicial y durante la evolución de la enfermedad Wegener granulomatosis: different pulmonary abnormalities at initial diagnostic and during the course of disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Hernandorena González

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available La enfermedad de Wegener es una vasculitis granulomatosa necrotizante, con afectación característica del tracto respiratorio superior, pulmones y riñones. El 90% de los pacientes tienen afectación pulmonar y los hallazgos radiográficos más frecuentes son nódulos o masas bilaterales múltiples que pueden mostrar cavitación. También se puede presentar como consolidación lobar o segmentaria o como hemorragia pulmonar difusa. El reconocimiento precoz de las alteraciones específicas es crítico para realizar un diagnóstico apropiado y para reducir la morbi-mortalidad. Con el objetivo de lograr una mejor caracterización de las distintas manifestaciones torácicas de esta entidad presentamos cuatro casos que muestran sus distintas manifestaciones radiológicas.Wegener granulomatosis is a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis that affects the upper respiratory tract, lungs, and kidneys. At least 90% of patients have pulmonary involvement, and the typical radiographic findings are bilateral multiple nodules or masslike lesions, some of which show cavitation. Other frequent findings are consolidations or diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage. Early recognition of specific abnormalities is critical for appropriate intervention and reduced morbidity. To better characterize the diversity of thoracic manifestations in this disease we present four cases to show different radiologic findings in this population.

  4. How Earth works 100 years after Wegener's continental drift theory and IGCP 648

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Z. X.; Evans, D. A.; Zhong, S.; Eglington, B. M.

    2015-12-01

    It took half a century for Wegener's continental drift theory to be accepted as a fundamental element of the plate tectonic theory. Another half a century on, we are still unsure of the driving mechanism for plate tectonics: is it dominated by thermal convection, gravitational forces, or by a combination of mechanisms? Nonetheless, breakthroughs in the past decades put us in a position to make a major stride in answering this question. These include: (1) widely accepted cyclic occurrences of supercontinent assembly and break-up (whereas random occurrence of supercontinents was an equal possibility in the 1990s); (2) the discovery of two equatorial and antipodal large low seismic velocity provinces (LLSVPs) that dominate the lower mantle and appear to have been the base for almost all mantle plumes since at the Mesozoic, and of subduction of oceanic slabs all the way to the core-mantle boundary, which together suggesting whole-mantle convection; (3) the recognition of true polar wander (TPW) as an important process in Earth history, likely reflecting Earth's major internal mass redistribution events; and (4) rapidly enhancing computer modelling power enabling us to simulate all aspect of Earth's dynamic inner working. Many new yet often controversial ideas have been proposed, such a possible coupling in time (with an offset) and space between supercontinent cycle and superplume (LLSVP) events which oppose to the idea of static and long-lived LLSVPs, and the orthoversion v.s. introversion or extroversion models for supercontinent transition. To fully utilise these advances as well as the rapidly expanding global geoscience databases to address the question of how Earth works, an UNESCO-IUGS sponsored IGCP project No. 648 was formed to coordinate a global cross-disciplinary effort. We aim to achieve a better understanding of the supercontinent cycle, and examine the relationship between supercontinent cycle and global plume events. We will establish a series of global

  5. [A case of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in the course of Wegener's granulomatosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idasiak-Piechocka, I; Oko, A; Łochyńska, K; Woźniak, A; Czekalski, S

    2000-01-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is characterized by granulomatous vasculitis of the respiratory tract and glomerulonephritis (GN). Prognosis of this disease is poor and about 20% of untreated patients die after one year from the onset. WG was recognized in 45-year-old patient on the basis of: 1) clinical symptoms (joint pain and swollen, purpura on the skin which appeared one week after respiratory tract infection, ulceration of the tonsils and lingula), 2) results of additional testing (X-chest-ray-infiltrates of both lungs), positive results of the cANCA (titre 1:640) and rapidly progressive renal failure [the increase of serum creatinine level (Pcr) from 123.7 to 707 mumol/l (1.4 to 8.0 mg/dl) during one week]. Renal biopsy revealed extracapillary GN (cellular crescents in 7 out of 8 glomeruli and scattered foci of fibrinoid necrosis of capillary walls in all). At the beginning of the treatment Pcr raised to 884 mumol/l (10 mg/dl) and the patient required hemodialysis. He was treated with methylprednisolone (M) at flash doses of 1000 mg/24 h by three days followed by 125 mg/24 h i.v.--because of peptic ulcer, with cyclophosphamide (C-150 mg/24 h p.p.), with trimetoprim/sulphametoxazole, with pentoxifylline and omeprazol. After six weeks of the treatment in the control kidney biopsy sclerotic changes in 10 out of 13 glomeruli and diffuse interstitial fibrosis were found. However, during the same time, we observed clinical remission of the disease and the decrease of Pcr to 176.8 mumol/l (2 mg/dl). The M dosis was reduced by 5 mg every weeks and the C dosis--to 50 mg (because of the increase of aminotransferase levels) After six months of the treatment Pcr was 132.6 mumol/l (1.5 mg/dl) and CANCA titer was 1:16. In this case of RPGN, despite off the progression of the morphological changes in the kidney, we obtained the clinical remission of the disease and significant decrease of Pcr level. These results suggest that aggressive treatment of WG is justified even in

  6. The Dead Sea Transform as exemplary pattern for the quest of the Wegener Fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, A.; Damm, V.; Piepjohn, K.; Tessensohn, F.; Neben, S.

    2006-12-01

    The northern Baffin Bay (BB) forms a tectonic system around a triple point which is similar to the northern Red Sea (RS) triple junction. The oceanic BB is supposed to have formed by sea floor spreading, although no marine magnetic anomalies have been found north of Davis Strait, so far. The spreading history is derived from the Labrador Sea, south of the BB. The supposed triple junction is located between Baffin and Ellesmere Islands, where the left-lateral Wegener Fault (WF) branches off, as well as the failed rift arm Lancaster Sound and/or Jones Sound. The area forms a key region in order to understand the late break-up development of Laurasia. There is an ongoing debate about the amount of left lateral displacement that was compensated along the WF between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Evidence for left lateral motion is found in most parts of the Nares Strait (NS). But, in the south, towards the triple junction (Smith Sound), evidence for the fault is lacking. A similar tectonic system is located in the northern Red Sea (RS) area. The Dead Sea Transform (DST)/Gulf of Aqaba (GoA) joins the RS-rift south of the Sinai Peninsula. The other arm of the triple junction extends into the Gulf of Suez. The RS-rift is active since the Middle Oligocene and the left lateral displacement of 105 km along the DST began about 18 Ma ago. The comparison between the BB/NS region and the northern RS/GoA could shed light onto the unknown processes of tectonic development of both systems. The DST and its accompanying structures are well known. Similar tectonic features and geophysical evidence are found along the WF. On the other hand, the actual stage of development of the northern RS is still unknown. The investigation of the transition from continental rifting to seafloor spreading in the southern BB could provide evidence for the actual status quo in the northern RS. A compilation of recent marine seismic and bathymetric data of the NS (BGR 01) and the GoA and northern RS

  7. Alfred. První opera Antonína Dvořáka se vrací

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 19, č. 3 (2014), s. 6-7 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Gerd Albrecht * Adolf Heller * Karl Theodor Körner * opera * Antonín Dvořák * Alfred Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  8. Discussion of Alfred Alder's preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansbacher, H L

    1981-07-01

    In his preface to The Diary of Vaslav Nijinsky, Alfred Adler (1) found his theory of the dynamics of schizophrenia supported in the Diary, (2) alluded to Nijinsky's prepsychotic personality, and (3) briefly touched on the possibility and conditions of recovery. To add to the understanding of Adler's "Preface," this discussion (1) expands his theory of schizophrenia, (2) gives some concrete data of Nijinsky's prepsychotic personality, (3) describes two episodes of recovery subsequent to the "Preface," and (4) introduces an important aspect of Adler's theory, which he had to omit out of consideration for Nijinsky's wife, Romola-namely, her role in her husband's disorder. With the larger theoretical and historical context established. Adler's "Preface" can be appreciated for its predictive validity. PMID:7018451

  9. Alfred Russel Wallace's medical libertarianism: state medicine, human progress, and evolutionary purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flannery, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913), naturalist and explorer of South America and the Malay Archipelago, secured his place in history by independently discovering the theory of natural selection. His letter outlining the theory was sent from Ternate in eastern Indonesia and received at Down House, according to Charles Darwin (1809-82), on June 18, 1858, prompting the now-famed evolutionist to rush his languishing manuscript to press. Wallace's contributions to evolutionary biology, biogeography, and anthropology are well known, but his medical views have received far less attention. Within the context of a strident populist antivaccination movement and an ominous elitist eugenics campaign, Wallace took his stand, which revealed itself in a libertarianism that defended traditional socialist constituencies (the working poor, the lumpenproletariat, and feminist reformers) against state-mandated medical interventions. Rather than viewing Wallace as a heterodox contrarian, this article argues that his positions were logical outgrowths of his medical libertarianism and evolutionary and social theories. PMID:23989935

  10. COMIC AGENTS: FROM A POETIC TO AN ANTHROPOLOGICAL PARADIGM OF COMEDY (ARISTOTLE AND ALFRED GELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANNA KAWALEC

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Aristotle was concerned with the comedy genre as a kind of poetry. Its creators, the comic poets, interested him only marginally. This genological approach to its subject-matter dominated the theory and philosophy of art for subsequent centuries as evidenced by the subsequent elaborations of interpretations of Aristotle’s catharsis. The alternative approach focused instead on subjects as creators of art. As a consequence of the long-term development of anthropocentrism in the humanities, however, this approach took over. The “ performative turn” represents its more recent version. It allows one to interpret Poetics and other classical works not in the context of an object (comedy, but in the context of the acting subject. I claim that social anthropology further explores the concept of comedy and itself presumes it in its conceptual foundations and research approach. I elaborate the argument on the basis of the concept of the “spirit of comedy” coined by Alfred Gell .

  11. On the Wegener granulomatosis associated region on chromosome 6p21.3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csernok Elena

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Wegener granulomatosis (WG belongs to the heterogeneous group of systemic vasculitides. The multifactorial pathophysiology of WG is supposedly caused by yet unknown environmental influence(s on the basis of genetic predisposition. The presence of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA in the plasma of patients and genetic involvement of the human leukocyte antigen system reflect an autoimmune background of the disease. Strong associations were revealed with WG by markers located in the major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II region in the vicinity of human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DPB1 and the retinoid X receptor B (RXRB loci. In order to define the involvement of the 6p21.3 region in WG in more detail this previous population-based association study was expanded here to the respective 3.6 megabase encompassing this region on chromosome 6. The RXRB gene was analysed as well as a splice-site variation of the butyrophilin-like (BTNL2 gene which is also located within the respective region. The latter polymorphism has been evaluated here as it appears as a HLA independent susceptibility factor in another granulomatous disorder, sarcoidosis. Methods 150–180 German WG patients and a corresponding cohort of healthy controls (n = 100–261 were used in a two-step study. A panel of 94 microsatellites was designed for the initial step using a DNA pooling approach. Markers with significantly differing allele frequencies between patient and control pools were individually genotyped. The RXRB gene was analysed for single strand conformation polymorphisms (SSCP and restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP. The splice-site polymorphism in the BTNL2 gene was also investigated by RFLP analysis. Results A previously investigated microsatellite (#1.0.3.7, Santa Cruz genome browser (UCSC May 2004 Freeze localisation: chr6:31257596-34999883, which was used as a positive control, remained associated throughout the whole two

  12. Lesões destrutivas da linha média induzidas por cocaína com ANCA positivo mimetizando a granulomatose de Wegener Cocaine-induced midline destruction lesions with positive ANCA test mimicking Wegener's granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Letícia Stahelin; Sonia Cristina de Magalhães Souza Fialho; Fabrício Souza Neves; Larissa Junckes; Gláucio Ricardo Werner Castro; Ivânio Alves Pereira

    2012-01-01

    O uso crônico de cocaína por inalação pode causar lesões destrutivas de linha média (LDLMIC), que podem ser difíceis de distinguir das lesões da granulomatose de Wegener (GW) nos ouvidos, nariz e garganta. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 43 anos admitida com história de dois anos de obstrução nasal e rinorreia. Ela havia recebido o diagnóstico de GW há cinco meses e estava em tratamento com prednisona e ciclofosfamida. Ao exame físico apresentava perfuração de septo nasal e palato. Exam...

  13. High risk of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis but not of stroke in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Mikkel; Obel, Niels; Baslund, Bo

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with GPA at a Danish tertiary care center during 1993-2011 were identified (n = 180). Each patient was matched...... with 19 population controls (n = 3,420). Information on hospitalizations for stroke, PE, and DVT was obtained from the Danish National Hospital Register. The occurrence of vascular events in the GPA cohort was compared with that in the control group by calculation of incidence rate ratios (IRRs). RESULTS......: The median duration of followup was 7.2 years (interquartile range 3.1-11.7 years) in the GPA cohort. Within the first 2 years following the diagnosis of vasculitis, the incidences of PE and DVT were substantially increased among the patients (IRR 25.7 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 6.9-96] for PE and IRR...

  14. C-ANCA-positive IgG fraction from patients with Wegener's granulomatosis induces lung vasculitis in rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    WEIDEBACH, W; VIANA, V S T; LEON, E P; BUENO, C; LEME, A S; ARANTES-COSTA, F M; MARTINS, M A; SALDIVA, P H N; BONFA, E

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyse in rats the ability of C-ANCA-positive IgG fraction in triggering inflammatory response on pulmonary tissue. Wistar rats (n = 18) were injected via the the internal jugular vein with 20 mg of total C-ANCA-positive IgG fraction isolated from serum of three different Wegener's granulomatosis patients obtained before therapy. Similarly, control rats were treated with IgG fraction from two rheumatoid arthritis patients (n = 7), IgG from six normal human sera (n = 15) or saline (n = 18), respectively. Animals were sacrificed after 24h of injection for histological analysis of the lungs. Vasculitis and inflammatory infiltrate were consistently absent in rats injected with rheumatoid arthritis IgG or saline and in 14/15 of normal IgG treated animals. In contrast, marked vasculitis was observed in all 18 animals injected with C-ANCA-positive IgG fraction. The histological features were characterized by the presence of a perivascular pleomorphic cellular sheath, particularly around small vessels, endothelial adherence and diapedesis of polymorphonuclear leucocytes and presence of granuloma-like lesions. A dose–response relationship was observed between protein concentration of C-ANCA IgG sample and the intensity of the inflammatory response in the animals. In addition, IgG fraction with undetectable C-ANCA, obtained from one patient in remission after treatment, was not able to reproduce the pulmonary tissue alterations induced by its paired IgG that was positive for C-ANCA taken before therapy. The experimental model described herein may be useful to characterize more effectively the pathogenic mechanism of C-ANCA in Wegener's disease. PMID:12100022

  15. Serial High-Resolution Computed Tomography Imaging in Patients with Wegener Granulomatosis: Differentiation Between Active Inflammatory and Chronic Fibrotic Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohrmann, C.; Uhl, M.; Schaefer, O.; Ghanem, N.; Kotter, E.; Langer, M. [Univ. Hospital of Freiburg (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2005-08-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate pulmonary pathologies in Wegener granulomatosis with sequential computed tomography (CT) in order to differentiate active inflammatory lesions from chronic fibrotic lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serial CT findings in 38 patients with Wegener granulomatosis were retrospectively analyzed (mean follow-up period, 21 months). The presence, extension, and distribution of the following findings were evaluated with CT: parenchymal nodules, masses, ground-glass attenuation, airspace consolidation, bronchial wall-thickening, bronchiectasis, linear areas of attenuation, pleural irregularities, pleural effusions, hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. RESULTS: Observed in 92% of patients, nodules were the most common CT pathology. Areas of ground-glass attenuation, consolidation, masses of linear attenuation, and tracheal/bronchial wall-thickening were detected in 24%, 26%, 32%, 39%, and 68% of patients. At follow-up, the clearance of lesions was most consistent for areas of ground-glass attenuation (89%), masses (87%), and cavitated nodules (85%). In the follow-up scan, 58% of all nodules, 47% of pulmonary consolidations, and 66% of bronchial wall-thickening were completely resolved. Areas of bronchiectasis and septal/non-septal lines remained stable in 70% and 71% of patients. CONCLUSION: The majority of the lesions decreased or resolved completely with or without areas of linear attenuation. Ground-glass attenuation, cavitated nodules and masses appear to represent active inflammatory lesions. In most probability, areas of bronchiectasis and septal/non-septal lines more often represent chronic fibrotic changes rather than active inflammatory changes. In combination with clinical evaluation and bronchoscopy, CT assists in the assessment of disease activity.

  16. Serial High-Resolution Computed Tomography Imaging in Patients with Wegener Granulomatosis: Differentiation Between Active Inflammatory and Chronic Fibrotic Lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PURPOSE: To evaluate pulmonary pathologies in Wegener granulomatosis with sequential computed tomography (CT) in order to differentiate active inflammatory lesions from chronic fibrotic lesions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serial CT findings in 38 patients with Wegener granulomatosis were retrospectively analyzed (mean follow-up period, 21 months). The presence, extension, and distribution of the following findings were evaluated with CT: parenchymal nodules, masses, ground-glass attenuation, airspace consolidation, bronchial wall-thickening, bronchiectasis, linear areas of attenuation, pleural irregularities, pleural effusions, hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. RESULTS: Observed in 92% of patients, nodules were the most common CT pathology. Areas of ground-glass attenuation, consolidation, masses of linear attenuation, and tracheal/bronchial wall-thickening were detected in 24%, 26%, 32%, 39%, and 68% of patients. At follow-up, the clearance of lesions was most consistent for areas of ground-glass attenuation (89%), masses (87%), and cavitated nodules (85%). In the follow-up scan, 58% of all nodules, 47% of pulmonary consolidations, and 66% of bronchial wall-thickening were completely resolved. Areas of bronchiectasis and septal/non-septal lines remained stable in 70% and 71% of patients. CONCLUSION: The majority of the lesions decreased or resolved completely with or without areas of linear attenuation. Ground-glass attenuation, cavitated nodules and masses appear to represent active inflammatory lesions. In most probability, areas of bronchiectasis and septal/non-septal lines more often represent chronic fibrotic changes rather than active inflammatory changes. In combination with clinical evaluation and bronchoscopy, CT assists in the assessment of disease activity

  17. Qualitative Research in Organizational Studies: Phenomenological Contributions of Alfred Schütz Pesquisa Qualitativa nos Estudos Organizacionais: Contribuições Fenomenológicas de Alfred Schütz

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Gomes de Paiva Júnior; Sérgio Carvalho Benício de Mello

    2009-01-01

    Modern science is in crisis. Today, we live in a scientific paradigm transition motivated by differences and complexities. In the organizational field, qualitative research emerges as a methodological alternative to the researcher. It aids the contemporary understanding of the actor involved with the management phenomenon, as it reveals his/her impressions and feelings related to personal and professional lived experiences. The interpretative approach of Alfred Schütz's social phenomenology c...

  18. Contribuciones de la fenomenologia de Alfred Schutz para las pesquisas sobre el SIDA: consideraciones epistemológicas y metodologicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Oltramari

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims at discussing the contributions of Alfred Schutz's phenomenology to the field of research on sexual behavior and vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. First, na investigation of the main studies on vulnerability of HIV/AIDS in Brazil was carried out, along with a discussion on the main movement of the epidemic. Then, the phenomenological theory is discussed within the field of the social sciences based on the contributions by Alfred Schutz. Finally, a discussion on the epistemological and methodological application of the phenomenology in the studies on sexual behavior and risk of infection by HIV/Aids is presented, using categories as epoché and intersubjectivity.

  19. "We all go a little mad sometimes": Alfred Hitchcock, American psychoanalysis, and the construction of the Cold War psychopath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genter, Robert

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the image of the psychopath in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1960 film Psycho. The famed director’s portrayal of a psychologically damaged young man connected with a much larger discussion over political and sexual deviance in the early Cold War, a discussion that cantered on the image of the psychopath as the dominant threat to national security and that played upon normative assumptions about adolescent development and mother-son relations. PMID:20827837

  20. A Modernist Approach to T.S Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    OpenAIRE

    Samet Güven

    2015-01-01

    T.S. Eliot’s The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock carries the characteristics of modernist poetry such as objective correlative, fragmentation, free verse and irregular rhyming. It suggests a direct break with English romantic poets such as Coleridge and Wordsworth (Levis 75). Sara Thorne states that unlike the Romantic poets, Eliot attempts to convey the essence of life; and the content represents actual contemporary life rather than an escape from the grinding nature of reality (281). 'The L...

  1. Biochar and Glomus caledonium Influence Cd Accumulation of Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) Intercropped with Alfred Stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance)

    OpenAIRE

    Junli Hu; Fuyong Wu; Shengchun Wu; Cheung Lung Lam; Xiangui Lin; Ming Hung Wong

    2014-01-01

    Both biochar application and mycorrhizal inoculation have been proposed to improve plant growth and alter bioaccumulation of toxic metals. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate growth and Cd accumulation of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) intercropped with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) in a Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with Glomus caledonium and/or applied with biochar. Compared with the monocultural control, intercropping with stonecrop (IS) decreased kan...

  2. Alfred Russel Wallace and the destruction of island life: the Iguana tragedy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kutschera, Ulrich; Kleinhans, Simon

    2013-12-01

    The Galápagos Islands (Ecuador) are usually associated with the explorations and theoretical deductions of Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), but Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) also investigated these islands and published several reports on the living world of this unique archipelago. In contrast to Darwin, Wallace described the destruction of natural ecosystems by humans and foresaw the resulting extinction of species. Here, we outline two case studies pertinent to Wallace's prediction. First, we summarize the behavior of the predator-naive marine iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) on the Galápagos Islands, which are threatened by feral dogs and cats imported by humans. We also describe the unique life cycle of the spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura bakeri) from the island of Utila (Honduras), a rare species whose populations are declining because of habitat destructions. In contrast to these threatened, endemic island species, the Green iguana (Iguana iguana) is still widely distributed, although, as a result of de-forestation, in some areas of South America local populations have disappeared. We conclude that Wallace was correct in his prediction that, because of human activities, numerous species of animals and plants will be driven to extinction, notably on islands. PMID:23975644

  3. Early East Asian art history in Vienna and its trajectories: Josef Strzygowski, Karl With, Alfred Salmony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Orell

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 Josef Strzygowski founded the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ at the University of Vienna, which attracted many students who would continue their careers in museums and at universities and thus established East Asian art history as an academic field. This paper examines these early art historical engagements with East Asian art: First, I discuss the role of East Asian art in Strzygowski’s agenda of broadening art history’s geographical scope beyond Europe and in his argument about the dominance of ‘Nordic’ artistic traditions in Europe and in Asia. Secondly, I introduce the work of two early students at the ‘Section for East Asian Art History’ in Vienna, Karl With and Alfred Salmony. Their respective approaches to East Asian art exemplify a range of methodological concerns of their time, from stylistic narratives, the concept of ars una, comparative frameworks, to ideas about cultural or national ‘purity’ in the arts, and an interest in cross-cultural adaption and transformation of motifs and symbolism.

  4. A Case of Simultaneous, Biopsy-Proven, Classic, ANCA-Positive Wegener's Granulomatosis and Anti-GBM Disease, but without Detectible Circulating Anti-GBM Antibodies

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandra Gmurczyk; Shubhada N. Ahya; Robert Goldschmidt; George Kim; L. Tammy Ho; Kevin Nash

    2010-01-01

    Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a systemic, necrotizing, granulomatous vasculitis of unknown etiology. Approximately 75% of cases present as classic WG with both pulmonary and renal involvement, while the remaining 25% of patients present with a limited form with either predominantly upper or lower respiratory tract symptoms. Ninety percent of WG patients have circulating anti–neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), and approximately 10% have both circulating ANCA antibodies and concomitan...

  5. The core design of ALFRED, a demonstrator for the European lead-cooled reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: • The design for the lead fast reactor is conceived in a comprehensive approach. • Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and transient analyses show promising results. • The system is designed to withstand even design extension conditions accidents. • Activation products in lead, including polonium, are evaluated. - Abstract: The European Union has recently co-funded the LEADER (Lead-cooled European Advanced DEmonstration Reactor) project, in the frame of which the preliminary designs of an industrial size lead-cooled reactor (1500 MWth) and of its demonstrator reactor (300 MWth) were developed. The latter is called ALFRED (Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator) and its core, as designed and characterized in the project, is presented here. The core parameters have been fixed in a comprehensive approach taking into account the main technological constraints and goals of the system from the very beginning: the limiting temperature of the clad and of the fuel, the Pu enrichment, the achievement of a burn-up of 100 GWd/t, the respect of the integrity of the system even in design extension conditions (DEC). After the general core design has been fixed, it has been characterized from the neutronic point of view by two independent codes (MCNPX and ERANOS), whose results are compared. The power deposition and the reactivity coefficient calculations have been used respectively as input for the thermal-hydraulic analysis (TRACE, CFD and ANTEO codes) and for some preliminary transient calculations (RELAP, CATHARE and SIM-LFR codes). The results of the lead activation analysis are also presented (FISPACT code). Some issues of the core design are to be reviewed and improved, uncertainties are still to be evaluated, but the verifications performed so far confirm the promising safety features of the lead-cooled fast reactors

  6. The core design of ALFRED, a demonstrator for the European lead-cooled reactors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grasso, G., E-mail: giacomo.grasso@enea.it [ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Petrovich, C., E-mail: carlo.petrovich@enea.it [ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Mattioli, D., E-mail: davide.mattioli@enea.it [ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Artioli, C., E-mail: carlo.artioli@enea.it [ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Sciora, P., E-mail: pierre.sciora@cea.fr [CEA (Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission), DEN, DER, 13108 St Paul lez Durance (France); Gugiu, D., E-mail: daniela.gugiu@nuclear.ro [RATEN-ICN (Institute for Nuclear Research), Cod 115400 Mioveni, Str. Campului, 1, Jud. Arges (Romania); Bandini, G., E-mail: giacomino.bandini@enea.it [ENEA (Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development), via Martiri di Monte Sole, 4, 40129 Bologna (Italy); Bubelis, E., E-mail: evaldas.bubelis@kit.edu [KIT (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology), Institute for Neutron Physics and Reactor Technology, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Mikityuk, K., E-mail: konstantin.mikityuk@psi.ch [PSI (Paul Scherrer Institute), OHSA/D11, 5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

    2014-10-15

    Highlights: • The design for the lead fast reactor is conceived in a comprehensive approach. • Neutronic, thermal-hydraulic, and transient analyses show promising results. • The system is designed to withstand even design extension conditions accidents. • Activation products in lead, including polonium, are evaluated. - Abstract: The European Union has recently co-funded the LEADER (Lead-cooled European Advanced DEmonstration Reactor) project, in the frame of which the preliminary designs of an industrial size lead-cooled reactor (1500 MW{sub th}) and of its demonstrator reactor (300 MW{sub th}) were developed. The latter is called ALFRED (Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator) and its core, as designed and characterized in the project, is presented here. The core parameters have been fixed in a comprehensive approach taking into account the main technological constraints and goals of the system from the very beginning: the limiting temperature of the clad and of the fuel, the Pu enrichment, the achievement of a burn-up of 100 GWd/t, the respect of the integrity of the system even in design extension conditions (DEC). After the general core design has been fixed, it has been characterized from the neutronic point of view by two independent codes (MCNPX and ERANOS), whose results are compared. The power deposition and the reactivity coefficient calculations have been used respectively as input for the thermal-hydraulic analysis (TRACE, CFD and ANTEO codes) and for some preliminary transient calculations (RELAP, CATHARE and SIM-LFR codes). The results of the lead activation analysis are also presented (FISPACT code). Some issues of the core design are to be reviewed and improved, uncertainties are still to be evaluated, but the verifications performed so far confirm the promising safety features of the lead-cooled fast reactors.

  7. A Brief Discussion on the Outlook on Life and Death--A Comparative Analysis of Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚玉龙; 张华园

    2015-01-01

    Since ancient times,large numbers of poets throughout the world have elaborated their outlook on life and death through their works.Among them are Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson,the outstanding poetess and poet in the 19th century,who have a unique and thorough meditation on life and death.From the comparative analysis of their view on life and death we could extract a good deal of spiritual treasure to provide a scientific guidance for people in modern society.

  8. Lesões destrutivas da linha média induzidas por cocaína com ANCA positivo mimetizando a granulomatose de Wegener Cocaine-induced midline destruction lesions with positive ANCA test mimicking Wegener's granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Stahelin

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O uso crônico de cocaína por inalação pode causar lesões destrutivas de linha média (LDLMIC, que podem ser difíceis de distinguir das lesões da granulomatose de Wegener (GW nos ouvidos, nariz e garganta. Descrevemos o caso de uma paciente de 43 anos admitida com história de dois anos de obstrução nasal e rinorreia. Ela havia recebido o diagnóstico de GW há cinco meses e estava em tratamento com prednisona e ciclofosfamida. Ao exame físico apresentava perfuração de septo nasal e palato. Exames de laboratório mostraram elevação das proteínas de fase aguda e teste p-ANCA positivo. Ensaios ELISA antiproteinase 3 e mieloperoxidase foram negativos. Tomografia computadorizada (TC dos seios paranasais mostrou destruição de septo nasal e palato, bem como sinusite maxilar bilateral. TC de tórax resultou normal. Biópsia da mucosa nasal revelou infiltrado inflamatório sem granuloma ou vasculite. Quando questionada, admitiu ser usuária de cocaína há cinco anos. Os imunossupressores foram suspensos e a paciente não mais fez uso da droga. Ela está sendo monitorada há seis meses e não desenvolveu novas lesões ou sintomas de outros órgãos. O diagnóstico diferencial em pacientes com LDLMIC pode ser desafiador. A avaliação deve incluir pesquisa de uso intranasal de cocaína. Embora o teste de ANCA não diferencie claramente o ANCA encontrado em alguns pacientes com LDLMIC daqueles em pacientes com GW, o envolvimento localizado e os achados de biópsia não típicos de vasculite granulomatosa de pequenos vasos devem ser reconhecidos como características das lesões induzidas por cocaína.Chronic use of cocaine by inhalation may induce midline destructive lesions (CIMDL, which can sometimes be difficult to distinguish from the ear, nose and throat lesions of Wegener's Granulomatosis (WG. We describe the case of a 43-year-old female patient admitted with a two-year history of nasal obstruction and rhinorrhea. She had been

  9. Alfred Marshall, John Maynard Keynes Ve ‘İktisat İle Etik’ İlişkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Merter MERT

    2010-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı iktisat ile etik ilişkisini açıklamak ve Alfred Marshall ve John Maynard Keynes’in etiğe ilişkin düşüncelerini tartışmaktır. Çalışmada, iktisat ile etik arasında bir ilişki olduğunun birçok düşünür tarafından kabul gördüğü gösterilmiştir. Ayrıca, işaret edilen bir diğer husus ise gerek Alfred Marshall gerekse John Maynard Keynes açısından iktisat ile etik arasında önemli bir bağlantı olduğunun kabul edildiğidir. Her iki düşünür açısından da, etiğin, iktisadın çözeceği soru...

  10. WegenerNet climate station network region Feldbach/Austria: From local measurements to weather and climate data products at 1 km-scale resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabas, T.; Leuprecht, A.; Bichler, C.; Kirchengast, G.

    2010-12-01

    South-eastern Austria is characteristic for experiencing a rich variety of weather and climate patterns. For this reason, the county of Feldbach was selected by the Wegener Center as a focus area for a pioneering observation experiment at very high resolution: The WegenerNet climate station network (in brief WegenerNet) comprises 151 meteorological stations within an area of about 20 km × 15 km (~ 1.4 km × 1.4 km station grid). All stations measure the main parameters temperature, humidity and precipitation with 5 minute sampling. Selected further stations include measurements of wind speed and direction completed by soil parameters as well as air pressure and net radiation. The collected data is integrated in an automatic processing system including data transfer, quality control, product generation, and visualization. Each station is equipped with an internet-attached data logger and the measurements are transferred as binary files via GPRS to the WegenerNet server in 1 hour intervals. The incoming raw data files of measured parameters as well as several operating values of the data logger are stored in a relational database (PostgreSQL). Next, the raw data pass the Quality Control System (QCS) in which the data are checked for its technical and physical plausibility (e.g., sensor specifications, temporal and spatial variability). In consideration of the data quality (quality flag), the Data Product Generator (DPG) results in weather and climate data products on various temporal scales (from 5 min to annual) for single stations and regular grids. Gridded data are derived by vertical scaling and squared inverse distance interpolation (1 km × 1 km and 0.01° × 0.01° grids). Both subsystems (QCS and DPG) are realized by the programming language Python. For application purposes the resulting data products are available via the bi-lingual (dt, en) WegenerNet data portal (www.wegenernet.org). At this time, the main interface is still online in a system in which

  11. Book Review: McCoy, Alfred, Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Santino F. Regilme, Jr

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Book Review of the Monograph: McCoy, Alfred (2009, Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State, Madison, Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press ISBN 978-0-299-23414-0, 659 pages

  12. James Alfred Loader: ’n Huldeblyk aan ’n krities-solidêre profeet in die eties-teologiese tradisie/James Alfred Loader: A tribute to a critical-solidary prophet in the ethical theological tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andries G. van Aarde

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is the introduction to the James Alfred Loader Dedication. It consists of a tribute to Professor Loader’s academic contribution to Old Testament, Middle-Eastern religio-literary studies and the Rabbinical background of the Old- and New Testament. The article is modelled after the tribute published in German in the annual publication of the Evangelisch-Theologische Fakultät Wien (Vienna, Austria due to the honorary doctorate conferred on Professor Loader by the University of Pretoria (South Africa in 2009. The tribute is combined with a comprehensive curriculum vitae, in part written in German, Afrikaans and English, and consisting of referencing Professor Loader’s personal data, his role as minister of religion, his academic awards, participation in scholarly societies, professional academic positions, academic reviewing, editorial activity, presentation of academic papers and a list of publications.

  13. Grande Guerre, européisme et universalisme : la trajectoire d’Alfred Hermann Fried

    OpenAIRE

    Charrier, Landry

    2016-01-01

    Centrée sur le projet européen forgé par le pacifiste autrichien Alfred Hermann Fried (1864-1921) durant la Grande Guerre, cette contribution s’attache à en faire apparaître l’originalité en saisissant la « constellation d’ensemble » (Fernand Braudel) dans laquelle celui-ci s’inscrit. Elle vise également à interroger l’évolution, les héritages et les réappropriations a posteriori d’une pensée éminemment complexe en la replaçant dans une perspective dynamique relevant de la moyenne durée....

  14. Evolucionismo darwinista? Contribuições de Alfred Russel Wallace à teoria da evolução

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Papavero

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Teria sido mesmo Charles Darwin o autor da teoria do processo evolutivo? Em suas pesquisas, Darwin discute mais a origem da seleção natural do que propriamente a origem das espécies. Três anos antes da publicação do artigo de Darwin, outro naturalista, Alfred Russel Wallace, publicou um trabalho propondo que todas as espécies vivas descendiam de um único ancestral comum. Foi Wallace o primeiro a notar que cada margem dos rios amazônicos podia ser habitada por espécies diferentes de macacos. Em 1858, Wallace sintetiza a teoria da seleção natural, mas ao invés de publicar a descoberta, remete-a para Darwin que, pouco tempo depois, publica A Origem das Espécies. Este artigo visa discutir quais seriam as contribuições de Wallace para as teorias evolutivas.

  15. Disillusionment of“The Three Worlds”-An Analysis on the theme of The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍蕾; 傅挺

    2013-01-01

      The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock is T.S. Eliot’s masterpiece of his early period and was written in a form of dramatic monologue. The large use of artistic features, such as symbolism, allusion and repetition, makes the poem vivid, but sophisticated and hard to understand at the same time. However, the theme of the poem can be explored by the analysis of Prufrock ’s complicated psychological activities, which display three different worlds to the readers:the real world that is vulgar and meaningless;the inner world that is lonely and doubtful;and the visionary world that is mysterious and transient. This paper aims at presenting a detailed analysis on the disillusionment of the three worlds, as well as revealing the spiritual paralysis of modern people. It is not an individual tragedy;it is the tragedy of a generation, the tragedy of human civilization.

  16. Las fenomenologías poshusserlianas de Alfred Schutz y Niklas Luhmann: soluciones para el problema de la intersubjetividad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pignuoli Ocampo, Sergio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we focus on the reception given by Luhmann to the works of Alfred Schutz. We compare both treatments to the phenomenological problem of intersubjectivity. Our hypothesis is that Luhmann developed an original poshusserlian phenomenological position, in dialog with Schutz.Este trabajo aborda la recepción dada por Luhmann a la obra de Schutz, en cuyo marco comparamos los tratamientos dados por ambos a los problemas fenomenológicos de la experiencia del otro y de la intersubjetividad. Nuestra hipótesis es que Luhmann desarrolló una posición fenomenológica original, de cuño poshusserliano, en dialogo privilegiado con Schutz.

  17. [Alfred Th. Leber (1881-1954): a pioneer in tropical ophthalmology. Missing in the South Seas--rediscovered in India].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grüntzig, J; Mehlhorn, H

    1992-10-01

    In spite of the brief duration of German colonial rule during that period tropical medicine enjoyed a remarkable growth and development. This is the first account of the career of the pioneer of tropical ophthalmology, Alfred Theodor Leber (1881-1954); medical history had previously reported him missing in Java after the 1st world war. His career was greatly influenced by his uncle, Theodor Leber (1840-1917), the founder of experimental ophthalmology. Alfred Leber was the one who combined teaching and research in the subjects of ophthalmology and tropical medicine. During his first expedition as a private lecturer together with von Prowazek in Samoa (1910-1911), he discovered the involvement of the eye in filarial infections with Wuchereria bancrofti (Lebers fundus). In consideration of his extraordinary work he was appointed professor at the young age of 33. After his training at the eye clinic at Berlin University under von Michel he worked as senior physician with von Hippel in Göttingen. Both Ludwig Külz and the famous painter Emil Nolde joined him on his second expedition, to New Guinea, in 1913. During his expedition in summer 1914 World War I broke out. Leber could not return to Germany. He stayed in the neutral Dutch East Indies during these years. Favoured by the ravages of war, British and Australian authorities (Military Intelligence, War Office, Defence) succeeded in seizing some of Leber's research reports and kept them under lock and key. The "Leber-Külz medical demographic New Guinea expedition on behalf of the Reich's Colonial Office" was therefore known to the public only as "Emil Nolde's travels in the South Seas".(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1453664

  18. Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener's)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... RhMSUS FAQs RhMSUS Designees RhMSUS Volunteer Opportunities Publications & Communications Journals A&R Table of Contents AC&R Table ... by the American College of Rheumatology Committee on Communications and Marketing. This information is provided for general education only. ...

  19. EULAR/PRINTO/PRES criteria for Henoch-Schönlein purpura, childhood polyarteritis nodosa, childhood Wegener granulomatosis and childhood Takayasu arteritis: Ankara 2008. Part I: Overall methodology and clinical characterisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ruperto, Nicolino; Ozen, Seza; Pistorio, Angela; Dolezalova, Pavla; Brogan, Paul; Cabral, David A; Cuttica, Ruben; Khubchandani, Raju; Lovell, Daniel J; O'Neil, Kathleen M; Quartier, Pierre; Ravelli, Angelo; Iusan, Silvia M; Filocamo, Giovanni; Magalhães, Claudia Saad; Unsal, Erbil; Oliveira, Sheila; Bracaglia, Claudia; Bagga, Arvind; Stanevicha, Valda; Manzoni, Silvia Magni; Pratsidou, Polyxeni; Lepore, Loredana; Espada, Graciela; Kone-Paut, Isabella; Paut, Isabelle Kone; Zulian, Francesco; Barone, Patrizia; Bircan, Zelal; Maldonado, Maria del Rocio; Russo, Ricardo; Vilca, Iris; Tullus, Kjell; Cimaz, Rolando; Horneff, Gerd; Anton, Jordi; Garay, Stella; Nielsen, Susan Mary; Barbano, Giancarlo; Martini, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    To report methodology and overall clinical, laboratory and radiographic characteristics for Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP), childhood polyarteritis nodosa (c-PAN), c-Wegener granulomatosis (c-WG) and c-Takayasu arteritis (c-TA) classification criteria....

  20. The Origin of Continents and Oceans : A. Wegener (translated by J. Biram from the 4th revised German edition, 1929) Dover, New York N.Y., 1966, 246 pp., 63 illus., paperbound U.S.$2.00

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bemmelen, R.W. van

    1968-01-01

    In the old controversy between fixism and mobilism a new scientific tool, palaeomagnetism, has recently brought forward independent diagnostic facts. In the discussions about drift many authors quote Wegener's classic work. It is fortunate that it has now appeared in an excellent English translation

  1. Reduced expression of angiotensin II and angiotensin receptor type 1 and type 2 in resistance arteries from nasal lesions in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dimitrijevic, I; Rissler, P; Luts, L;

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin II (ANGII) is involved in vessel inflammation and is important in the development of cardiovascular disorders such as atherosclerosis. During active disease, patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener's granulomatosis) have accelerated atherosclerosis...... and ANGII inhibitors are recommended to these patients to reduce atherosclerosis. We assessed the hypothesis that the expression of ANGII and its receptors in arteries in granulomatous lesions change in GPA. METHODS: ANGII and angiotensin receptors were quantified in vessels from granulomatous lesions from...... patients with GPA using immunohistochemistry. Anti- ANGI type 1 (AT1) and type 2 (AT2) antibodies were applied on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded biopsies from nasal mucous membranes from eight patients with GPA and eight controls. RESULTS: ANGII expression was localized to the endothelial cells (ECs...

  2. Un mode de révélation rare de la maladie de Wegener: une myocardite associée a une endocardite fibroblastique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arous, Salim; Bensahi, Ilham; Noureddine, Malika; Habbal, Rachida

    2016-01-01

    Nous rapportons à travers cette observation le cas rare d'une maladie de Wegener révélée par une myocardite associée à une endocardite fibroblastique. Le patient a été admis initialement dans un tableau d'insuffisance cardiaque globale, avec un trouble du rythme type flutter auriculaire à l'ECG. A l’échocardiographie le ventricule gauche était non dilaté, siège d'une dysfonction sévère, avec un dosage des troponines positif. Une insuffisance rénale sévère a été découverte fortuitement nécessitant une hémodialyse, associée à une anémie inflammatoire confirmée par la férritinémie et le myélogramme. Le dosage des c-ANCA était fortement positif confirmant le diagnostic. La TDM thoracique avait objectivé une pneumopathie basale droite. Après avoir démarré un traitement adapté comprenant une corticothérapie et un traitement immunosuppresseur, l’évolution a été favorable avec normalisation de la fonction systolique du ventricule gauche. Bien que les manifestations cardiaques cliniques évidentes soient rares, l'atteinte cardiaque au cours de la maladie de Wegener est décrite, nécessitant une orientation diagnostic rapide et une connaissance rigoureuse de cette maladie grave. PMID:27279960

  3. "If there is nothing beyond the organic...": Heredity and Culture at the Boundaries of Anthropology in the Work of Alfred L. Kroeber

    OpenAIRE

    Kronfeldner, Maria

    2009-01-01

    Als Alfred L. Kroeber Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts daran arbeitete, die Anthropologie als akademische Disziplin zu etablieren, definierte er Kultur, aufbauend auf das bereits von seinem Lehrer Franz Boas Geleistete, als ein Phänomen sui generis. Damit wollte er nicht zuletzt die aufstrebende Genetik seiner Zeit für eine Koalition gegen den damals in Nordamerika vorherrschenden Hereditarianismus gewinnen. Das Ziel war, für die Anthropologie einen klar umschriebenen Raum innerhalb der akademisch...

  4. Catholicism and Judaism in the Catholic Defence against Alfred Rosenberg, 1934—1938: Anti-Jewish Images in an Age of Race Science

    OpenAIRE

    Ehret, Ulrike

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the images of Jews and Judaism in the popular Catholic defence against Alfred Rosenberg’s anticlericalism and ‘neo-paganism’ between 1934 and 1938. It contributes to the debate on Catholic attitudes to Jews, and National Socialist anti-Semitism and racism during the Third Reich. Looking at the grassroots level of this defence, the article demonstrates how the hierarchy communicated traditional religious views on Jews and Judaism to a Catholic public, taking into account ...

  5. Engaging with Lyell: Alfred Russel Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers as reactions to Charles Lyell's Principles of Geology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, J T

    2013-12-01

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) and Charles Darwin (1809-1882) are honored as the founders of modern evolutionary biology. Accordingly, much attention has focused on their relationship, from their independent development of the principle of natural selection to the receipt by Darwin of Wallace's essay from Ternate in the spring of 1858, and the subsequent reading of the Wallace and Darwin papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. In the events of 1858 Wallace and Darwin are typically seen as central players, with Darwin's friends Charles Lyell (1797-1875) and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) playing supporting roles. This narrative has resulted in an under-appreciation of a more central role for Charles Lyell as both Wallace's inspiration and foil. The extensive anti-transmutation arguments in Lyell's landmark Principles of Geology were taken as the definitive statement on the subject. Wallace, in his quest to solve the mystery of species origins, engaged with Lyell's arguments in his private field notebooks in a way that is concordant with his engagement with Lyell in the 1855 and 1858 papers. I show that Lyell was the object of Wallace's Sarawak Law and Ternate papers through a consideration of the circumstances that led Wallace to send his Ternate paper to Darwin, together with an analysis of the material that Wallace drew upon from the Principles. In this view Darwin was, ironically, intended for a supporting role in mediating Wallace's attempted dialog with Lyell. PMID:24014172

  6. ‘What is ‘Czech’ in Art in Bohemia? Alfred Woltmann and defensive mechanisms of Czech artistic historiography’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindrich Vybiral

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The art historian Alfred Woltmann (1841-1880 in a lecture delivered 1876 put forth a highly provocative thesis on the predominance of the German element in the art of the Bohemian capital. He created thereby the outlines of a highly problematic situation, the resolution of which for many decades formed one of the central themes of Czech art history. Scholarly conclusions that proved the inferiority of the Slavonic tribe – and could not be simply disproved – consequently formed an insurmountable barrier for the efforts of Czech nationalist scholarship. Psychology makes use of the concept of “frustration” for such cases. Reactions to frustration are most commonly the defensive or ego-defensive mechanisms first mentioned in 1894 by Sigmund Freud and later described more fully by his daughter Anna Freud. The individual manifesting the symptom attempts to “destroy” the barrier or to attack the source of frustration in order to renew his or her psychic balance and repair his or her damaged self-evaluation. The essay aspires to make use of Freud´s systematic analysis to sketch an overview of the unconscious defensive mechanisms to be discerned in Czech artistic historiography following in the wake of Woltmann’s lecture (aggression, escape into fantasy, dismissal, repression, compensation, rationalisation, auto-accusation.

  7. Biochar and Glomus caledonium Influence Cd Accumulation of Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) Intercropped with Alfred Stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junli; Wu, Fuyong; Wu, Shengchun; Lam, Cheung Lung; Lin, Xiangui; Wong, Ming Hung

    2014-04-01

    Both biochar application and mycorrhizal inoculation have been proposed to improve plant growth and alter bioaccumulation of toxic metals. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate growth and Cd accumulation of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) intercropped with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) in a Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with Glomus caledonium and/or applied with biochar. Compared with the monocultural control, intercropping with stonecrop (IS) decreased kangkong Cd acquisition via rhizosphere competition, and also decreased kangkong yield. Gc inoculation (+M) accelerated growth and Cd acquisition of stonecrop, and hence resulted in further decreases in kangkong Cd acquisition. Regardless of IS and +M, biochar addition (+B) increased kangkong yield via elevating soil available P, and decreased soil Cd phytoavailability and kangkong Cd concentration via increasing soil pH. Compared with the control, the treatment of IS + M + B had a substantially higher kangkong yield (+25.5%) with a lower Cd concentration (-62.7%). Gc generated additive effects on soil alkalinization and Cd stabilization to biochar, causing lower DTPA-extractable (phytoavailable) Cd concentrations and post-harvest transfer risks.

  8. An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kapustin S.A.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This is the second in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the previous article I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients one toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and the necessity of searching for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients one toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, one-sided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In this article I show that this criterion is implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more special cases. In the following articles I will show that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl.

  9. Reflexión sobre la revisoría fiscal desde la sociología fenomenológica de Alfred Schütz

    OpenAIRE

    Jairo Emiro Cuenú Cabezas

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo pretende realizar una reflexión sobre la revisoría fiscal, tomando como referencia la teoría socio-fenomenológica del austríaco Alfred Schütz; la cual analiza, entre otras categorías, las relaciones de alteridad en el mundo de la vida cotidiana; mundo que caracteriza como la realidad primaria o fundamental, porque en ésta se da la comunicación, la acción y la intersubjetividad. La intersubjetividad es abordada a partir de la matriz espacio-tiempo, la cual determina que cu...

  10. Alfred Marshall en España: desde su omisión hasta su restitución por la política industrial territorial

    OpenAIRE

    Josep-Antoni Ybarra

    2011-01-01

    En la literatura española sobre análisis económico territorial, se citacon cierta profusión la obra de Alfred Marshall. En el presente escrito se analizanlas razones de que su obra se conociera con cierto retraso en España, así como elporqué son sus aspectos relacionados con la política territorial —especialmente lostemas relacionados con los distritos industriales y los clusters territoriales— losque con una mayor atención se han extendido.

  11. De onde se vê? Duplicação e dissolução do olhar em Alfred Hitchcock e David Lynch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulysses Pinheiro

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo compara dois filmes, Janela indiscreta, de Alfred Hitchcock, e Estrada perdida, de David Lynch, com o objetivo de mostrar que eles ilustram duas maneiras distintas de caracterizar o olhar inumano da percepção cinematográfica, tal como ele foi descrito por Gilles Deleuze. Essas duas maneiras distintas não foram discriminadas pelo próprio Deleuze, mas convergem em direção a sua crítica à hermenêutica.

  12. De onde se vê? Duplicação e dissolução do olhar em Alfred Hitchcock e David Lynch

    OpenAIRE

    Ulysses Pinheiro

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo compara dois filmes, Janela indiscreta, de Alfred Hitchcock, e Estrada perdida, de David Lynch, com o objetivo de mostrar que eles ilustram duas maneiras distintas de caracterizar o olhar inumano da percepção cinematográfica, tal como ele foi descrito por Gilles Deleuze. Essas duas maneiras distintas não foram discriminadas pelo próprio Deleuze, mas convergem em direção a sua crítica à hermenêutica.

  13. A Brief Discussion on the Outlook on Life and Death——A Comparative Analysis of Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚玉龙; 张华园

    2015-01-01

    Since ancient times,large numbers of poets throughout the world have elaborated their outlook on life and death through their works.Among them are Emily Dickinson and Alfred Tennyson,the outstanding poetess and poet in the 19th century,who have a unique and thorough meditation on life and death.From the comparative analysis of their view on life and death we could extract a good deal of spiritual treasure to provide a scientific guidance for people in modern society.

  14. PHISICS improvements and comparative study with ERANOS 2.2 on the GEN-IV lead-cooled fast reactor concept, ALFRED

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recent improvements in the PHISICS code are listed and discussed. Also, the assessment of the PHISICS code for fast reactor design applications is considered. For this purpose a comparison with the deterministic code ERANOS 2.2 and the stochastic MCNPX is performed on the lead-cooled concept ALFRED. The results indicate good general agreement between the codes on the integral quantities usually of interest in reactor design. Also the analysis highlighted PHISICS's possibility of keeping low the computational time even when using higher order approximations. (author)

  15. “THE CONFESSIONS OF A CHILD OF THE CENTURY” OF ALFRED DE MUSSET and THE FRANCE AFTER THE 1789 FRENCH REVOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat BOYACIOĞLU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A lot of poets appeared in France after the Revolution as a fertile field after abondonned for years. The France before the Revolution, in others words, the XVIIIth century was a philosophy century. The France was a country of philosophers. Rousseau, Voltaire, Saint Simon, Diderot, Buffon and D’Alembert had lived in this century. This period was the most splendid, magnificient and influential period of French philosophy. The French philosophy witnessed the magnificence in XVIIIth century had been followed by the French Poetry in the XIXth century. Some of the poets of this period signed great poems in thought and art groups , some wrote poems with their indiviual voice. This period the most fertil of the french poetry prepared two great literary movements: the romantism and the symbolism. Lamartine, Victor Hugo, Vigny, Baudelaire, Nerval, Gautier, Verlaine, Mallarmé became the poets of this period. Thes poets composed unforgettable poems which protect their value in the eyes of poem readers. A poem of Lamartine “ The Lake”, “Tomorrow since the Dawn”, a poem written by Victor Hugo for his daugther Leopoldine, “The Death of the Wolf” of Alfred de Vigny, “ the Correspondances” and “Albatros” of Baudelaire, “the Vintage” of Verlaine and “ The Sea Breeze” of Mallarmé are all unforgettable poems There is a poet rising among all these apex poets even if he isn’t high. This poet is Alfred de Musset who is the mirror of his epoch with his tides, loves, quarrels and melancholies. He is a melancholy poet famous for his poem named “Sadness”. Alfred de Musset shouldering alone all loads after the Revolution and becoming the voice of his period succeeded in writing a great number of poems and dramas during his life of 47 years. Beside all these works, he wrote a novel which is the subject of our article: “The Confession of a Child of the Century”. This novel has an importance because of lighting the life of Alfred de

  16. Alfred Marshall en España: desde su omisión hasta su restitución por la política industrial territorial

    OpenAIRE

    Ybarra Pérez, Josep-Antoni

    2011-01-01

    En la literatura española sobre análisis económico territorial, se cita con cierta profusión la obra de Alfred Marshall. En el presente escrito se analizan las razones de que su obra se conociera con cierto retraso en España, así como el porqué son sus aspectos relacionados con la política territorial —especialmente los temas relacionados con los distritos industriales y los clusters territoriales— los que con una mayor atención se han extendido.

  17. Archaeology in Biologia Centrali-Americana or Contributions to the Knowledge of the Fauna and Flora of Mexico and Central America, by Alfred Maudsiay, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas R. Givens

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available The University of Oklahoma Press has done an extreme service to those interested in the history of Mesoamerican archaeology. It has published the original 1902 pioneering work of Alfred Maudslay in four volumes. The reissue of Maudslay's classic contains more than 390 pages of black and white plates and line drawings in addition to Maudslay's original text, notes, and archaic calendars. This facsimile edition is Alfred Percival Maudslay's monumental study of Mayan civilization which has been lauded by many Mayanists around the world.

  18. Alfred Loisy, más allá del ruido y del humo. «Qui perdiderit animan suam salvam faciet eam (Marc, VIII, 35

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robles Muñoz, Cristobal

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Loisy and the modernism were identified during years. This work tries, beyond the noise and the smoke, to contribute not to loose in the forgetfulness neither the person nor the reasons of Alfred Loisy, one of the most affected by the modernist crisis. We have resorted mainly to his Mémoires. Loisy did not need to hope years to receive the tribute that deserves a person who has not betrayed itself.Loisy y el modernismo se identicaron durante años. Este trabajo pretende, más allá del ruido y del humo, contribuir a que no se pierda en el olvido ni la persona ni las razones de Alfred Loisy, uno de los más afectados por la crisis modernista. Hemos recurrido sobre todo a a sus Mémoires. Loisy no necesitó esperar años para recibir el homenaje que merece una persona que no se ha traicionado.

  19. Prevalência das manifestações clínicas iniciais da granulomatose de Wegener no Brasil: relato de seis casos e revisão da literatura Wegener's granulomatosis: prevalence of the initial clinical manifestations - report of six cases and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Ewerton Maia Rodrigues

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Descrever as manifestações clínicas iniciais da Granulomatose de Wegener (GW diagnosticada no Brasil. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva de seis prontuários do Serviço de Reumatologia do Hospital Geral de Fortaleza (HGF, assim como a realização de um levantamento bibliográfico dos casos de GW descritos no Brasil obtidos dos bancos de dados LILACS, SciELO e MEDLINE. RESULTADOS: O estudo identificou 49 pacientes; 15 (31% do sexo masculino e 34 (69% do sexo feminino. A forma sistêmica ocorreu em 35 pacientes (73%: 28 adultos, cinco crianças e dois adolescentes. A doença limitada ocorreu em 13 adultos e uma criança. A média da idade adulta no início da doença foi de 42,2 anos (18 a 65 anos. O quadro clínico agudo, com sintomas há menos de três meses do diagnóstico, ocorreu em 41% (20/49 da casuística e a forma insidiosa, em 59% (29/49 dos pacientes. A prevalência das manifestações clínicas iniciais nos adultos com doença sistêmica (n = 28 foi 64% (18/28 das vias aéreas superiores (VAS, 36% (10/28 pulmonares, 18% (5/28 renais, 25% (7/28 oculares, 11% (3/28 cutâneas, 25% (7/28 musculoesqueléticas e 7% (2/28 neurológicas. Na forma limitada do adulto (n = 13, os sintomas prevalentes foram 84% (11/13 VAS, 23% (3/13 oculares e 15% (2/13 pulmonares. CONCLUSÃO: No Brasil, a prevalência das manifestações clínicas iniciais da GW foi semelhante aos resultados da literatura. A falta de especificidade dos sintomas pode retardar o diagnóstico na forma insidiosa da doença e aumentar a morbimortalidade das formas agudas.OBJECTIVES: To describe the initial clinical manifestations of Wegener's Granulomatosis (WG in Brazil. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of six medical records of WG patients followed-up at the Rheumatology Department of Hospital Geral of Fortaleza (HGF, as well as a bibliographic survey of cases of WG in Brazil on LILACS, SciELO, and MEDLINE databases. RESULTS: The study

  20. The analysis of the theme in"The Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock"%《J.阿尔弗雷德·普鲁弗洛克的情歌》赏析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马琳

    2008-01-01

    This paper aims at providing some information on the comprehension and appreciation of"The Love Song of J.Alfred s meditation over the business of the suggested marriage proposal.The theme of the poem can be explored by the analysis of Pro-frock's complicated psychological activities.The paralysis of Pruffock can be obviously shown through this 140-1ine poem.

  1. Power and powerlessness: Alfred Schutz’s theory of relevance and its possible impact on a sociological analysis of power = Poder e desempoderamento: a teoria da relevância de Alfred Schutz e seu possível impacto na análise sociológica do poder

    OpenAIRE

    Goettlich, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Após demonstrar que há um certo déficit na reflexão sociológica disponível sobre poder, o artigo discute o possível benefício de consultar a teoria da relevância de Alfred Schutz para o estudo de relações de poder. Em especial, a distinção de Schutz entre relevância “intrínseca” e “imposta” é reconsiderada detidamente. A tese sustenta que uma adoção dos conceitos de Schutz podem ser originais, particularmente ao explorer a perspectiva daqueles sujeitos de poder, entretanto, esta aplicação exi...

  2. Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques to Detect Changes to the Prince Alfred Hamlet Conservation Area in the Western Cape, South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, P.; Lewarne, M.

    2016-06-01

    Understanding and identifying the spatial-temporal changes in the natural environment is crucial for monitoring and evaluating conservation efforts, as well as understanding the impact of human activities on natural resources, informing responsible land management, and promoting better decision-making. Conservation areas are often under pressure from expanding farming and related industry, invasive alien vegetation, and an ever-increasing human settlement footprint. This study focuses on detecting changes to the Prince Alfred Hamlet commonage, near Ceres in the Cape Floral Kingdom. It was chosen for its high conservation value and significance as a critical water source area. The study area includes a fast-growing human settlement footprint in a highly productive farming landscape. There are conflicting development needs as well as risks to agricultural production, and both of these threaten the integrity of the ecosystems which supply underlying services to both demands on the land. Using a multi-disciplinary approach and high-resolution satellite imagery, land use and land cover changes can be detected and classified, and the results used to support the conservation of biodiversity and wildlife, and protect our natural resources. The aim of this research is to study the efficacy of using remote sensing and GIS techniques to detect changes to critical conservation areas where disturbances can be understood, and therefore better managed and mitigated before these areas are degraded beyond repair.

  3. Los aportes del Pragmatismo de William James y la Fenomenología Social de Alfred Schütz a la Comunicación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Rizo García

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Es común en el campo de la comunicación aceptar las relaciones entre la Sociología y las Ciencias de la Comunicación. También es parte de la cosmovisión del campo de la comunicación el incluirlo como parte de las Ciencias Sociales. ¿Qué sucede con la Filosofía? ¿Es la Filosofía una matriz disciplinaria relacionada con la comunicación? ¿Qué ha aportado la Filosofía a la comunicación? En este texto se presentan algunas reflexiones en torno a la relación entre estos dos campos de conocimiento, y se identifican relaciones, distancias, puntos de acuerdo y posibilidades. Para ello, se toman dos corrientes filosóficas que pueden complejizar las reflexiones sobre la comunicación: el Pragmatismo de William James y la Fenomenología Social de Alfred Schütz.

  4. Continuidade ou ruptura? Uma análise de alguns aspectos da filosofia social de John Stuart Mill, Alfred Marshall e John Maynard Keynes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LAURA VALLADÃO DE MATTOS

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo argumenta que é possível se falar em uma 'tradição' no campo de filosofia social e econômica unindo as obras de J.S. Mill e Alfred Marshall e J.M. Keynes. Essa 'tradição' pode ser caracterizada pelas seguintes concepções: (a pela rejeição moral aos valores aquisitivos do capitalismo; (b pela visão de que o sistema capitalista seria incapaz de resolver de forma espontânea as questões das desigualdades de renda e riqueza e da pobreza; (c pela ideia de que, por uma questão de garantia de liberdade e da diversidade, além de por questões de eficiência econômica, dever-se-ia deixar a iniciativa individual agir livremente nas esferas em que é capaz de engendrar bons resultados, mas que o Estado deveria intervir, quando essa falha, atuando em benefício da coletividade; (d pela crença de que seria possível melhorar significativamente esse sistema por meio de mudanças pontuais e graduais.

  5. Reflexión sobre la revisoría fiscal desde la sociología fenomenológica de Alfred Schütz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Emiro Cuenú Cabezas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo pretende realizar una reflexión sobre la revisoría fiscal, tomando como referencia la teoría socio-fenomenológica del austríaco Alfred Schütz; la cual analiza, entre otras categorías, las relaciones de alteridad en el mundo de la vida cotidiana; mundo que caracteriza como la realidad primaria o fundamental, porque en ésta se da la comunicación, la acción y la intersubjetividad. La intersubjetividad es abordada a partir de la matriz espacio-tiempo, la cual determina que cuando en una relación se comparte el tiempo y el espacio, la relación toma el carácter cara a cara (intimidad y cuando sólo se comparte el espacio, la relación se da entre contemporáneos (anónimos. Esta concepción de las relaciones sociales es llevada a la organización para: 1. establecer que la estructura organizacional, haciendo énfasis en la estructura burocrática, define intencionalmente con qué miembros la cumbre tendrá o no intimidad o anonimia y 2. para establecer que gran parte de los problemas de autonomía del Revisor Fiscal tienen que ver con la forma como la estructura organizacional determina las relaciones de alteridad. El ejercicio del Revisor Fiscal está en continuo cuestionamiento por su poca independencia para cumplir con las normas establecidas por el Estado. Desde la perspectiva de la sociología fenomenológica, el problema está en la manera de darse las relaciones de alteridad y la vida cotidiana en las organizaciones.

  6. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi induced differential Cd and P phytoavailability via intercropping of upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) with Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance): post-harvest study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Junli; Li, Jintian; Wu, Fuyong; Wu, Shengchun; Ye, Zhihong; Lin, Xiangui; Wong, Ming Hung

    2013-12-01

    A post-harvest experiment was conducted further to our previous greenhouse pot study on upland kangkong (Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.) and Alfred stonecrop (Sedum alfredii Hance) intercropping system in Cd-contaminated soil inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Previously, four treatments were established in the intercropping experiment, including monoculture of kangkong (control), intercropping with stonecrop (IS), and IS plus inoculation with Glomus caledonium (IS+Gc) or Glomus versiforme (IS+Gv). Both kangkong and stonecrop plants were harvested after growing for 8 weeks. Then, the tested soils were reclaimed for growing post-harvest kangkong for 6 weeks. In the post-harvest experiment, there were no significant differences between the IS and control treatments, except for a significantly decreased (p<0.05) soil available P concentration with IS treatment. Compared with IS, both IS+Gc and IS+Gv significantly decreased (p<0.05) soil DTPA-extractable (phytoavailable) Cd concentrations, but not total Cd, by elevating soil pH, causing significantly lower (p<0.05) Cd concentrations in both the root and shoot of kangkong. In addition, both Gc and Gv significantly increased (p<0.05) soil acid phosphatase activities and available P concentrations and hence resulted in significantly higher (p<0.05) plant P acquisitions. However, only Gv significantly increased (p<0.05) kangkong yield, while Gc only significantly elevated (p<0.05) the shoot P concentration. It suggested that AM fungi have played key roles in Cd stabilization and P mobilization in the intercropping system, and such positive responses seemed to be sustainable and valuable in post-harvest soils. PMID:23797707

  7. Los orígenes iusnaturalistas de la filosofía jurídica nacionalsocialista en la obra política escrita de Adolf Hitler y Alfred Rosenberg

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilar Blanc, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    Los fundamentos iusnaturalistas del pensamiento político de Adolf Hitler y Alfred Rosenberg y su posterior influencia en la creación de la filosofía jurídica nacionalsocialista alemana. Los principales fundamentos intelectuales del Derecho y del Estado desde el punto de vista de la filosofía jurídica nacionalsocialista, elaborados por los conocidos jurista alemanes Karl Larenz y Carl Schmitt, y las consecuencias de sus fundamentaciones en la represión estatal realizada por e...

  8. A abordagem cognitiva da metáfora em perspectiva pragmática nos séculos dezoito e dezenove: as contribuições de Lambert e Wegener a discussões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Agathe Schröder

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde o surgimento da Teoria Conceptual da Metáfora, há mais de trinta anos, houve uma série de autores que apontaram a falta de contextualização historiográfica, uma vez que a maioria das hipóteses sobre a metáfora conceptual e até boa parte dos exemplos já são antecipadas desde o século dezessete em reflexões filosóficas, antropológicas, psicológicas e linguísticas. O presente trabalho pretende apresentar dois pensadores dos séculos dezoito e dezenove, a saber, o filósofo Johann Heinrich Lambert (1965 e o linguista Philipp Wegener (1991, que não apenas já desenvolvem uma teoria cognitiva da metáfora cotidiana, como também já conseguem integrar aspectos pragmáticos, que atualmente são redescobertos como fatores descuidados pela primeira geração da Linguística Cognitiva. Sendo assim, as duas concepções podem lançar uma ponte a discussões atuais, uma vez que ambas conseguem apontar caminhos para superar tanto o abismo entre o sujeito solipsista e a sociedade, como a dicotomia entre universalismo e relatividade cultural. Os dois autores entendem a metáfora como fenômeno cognitivo e, ao mesmo tempo, intersubjetivo, por ser negociado entre os participantes em situações comunicativas concretas.

  9. A abordagem cognitiva da metáfora em perspectiva pragmática nos séculos dezoito e dezenove: as contribuições de Lambert e Wegener a discussões atuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrike Agathe Schröder

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Desde o surgimento da Teoria Conceptual da Metáfora, há mais de trinta anos, houve uma série de autores que apontaram a falta de contextualização historiográfica, uma vez que a maioria das hipóteses sobre a metáfora conceptual e até boa parte dos exemplos já são antecipadas desde o século dezessete em reflexões filosóficas, antropológicas, psicológicas e linguísticas. O presente trabalho pretende apresentar dois pensadores dos séculos dezoito e dezenove, a saber, o filósofo Johann Heinrich Lambert (1965 e o linguista Philipp Wegener (1991, que não apenas já desenvolvem uma teoria cognitiva da metáfora cotidiana, como também já conseguem integrar aspectos pragmáticos, que atualmente são redescobertos como fatores descuidados pela primeira geração da Linguística Cognitiva. Sendo assim, as duas concepções podem lançar uma ponte a discussões atuais, uma vez que ambas conseguem apontar caminhos para superar tanto o abismo entre o sujeito solipsista e a sociedade, como a dicotomia entre universalismo e relatividade cultural. Os dois autores entendem a metáfora como fenômeno cognitivo e, ao mesmo tempo, intersubjetivo, por ser negociado entre os participantes em situações comunicativas concretas.

  10. Creating Self and Life Style——Discuss Alfred Adler's Viewpoint of Personality Development%创造性自我与生活风格——论阿德勒的人格发展观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田印红

    2007-01-01

    阿尔弗莱德·阿德勒(Alfred Adler,1870-1937)是奥地利著名的心理学家和精神病医生,其创建的个体心理学把人从古典精神分析的泛性论中解放出来,强调了遗传和环境对人格形成的双重作用,提出了创造性自我和生活风格理论等重要的人格发展观点,对人格心理学的发展有着重要的影响.本文就此进行评述.

  11. SCHELD (Alfred), Erdöl im Elsass. Die Anfänge der Ölquellen von Pechelbronn. Von der historischen Doktorarbeit Jean Théophile Hoeffels (1734) in die Zeit

    OpenAIRE

    Walther, René

    2013-01-01

    Médecin à Pforzheim, Alfred Scheld annonce, par le sous-titre de son ouvrage, la présentation non pas d’une thèse d’histoire mais de la dissertation latine d’un doctorant en médecine sur le pétrole de Pechelbronn. L’ambition du travail de Hoeffel avait été de démontrer la valeur de l’huile minérale en tant que médicament. Mais le document intéresse aussi les historiens parce qu’il les informe sur la genèse de l’industrie pétrolière en Alsace et qu’il donne une idée des méthodes et des connais...

  12. Mundo de la vida, comprensión y acción intersubjetiva en la sociología fenomenológica de Alfred Schütz.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor Mora Nawrath

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo elabora una aproximación descriptiva y analítica respecto de tres conceptos centrales en la propuesta de Alfred Schütz: ‘mundo de la vida’ (Lebenswelt, ‘comprensión’ (Verstehen y ‘acción intersubjetiva’. Explora el sentido del ‘mundo de la vida’ como realidad eminente, así como la multiformidad que éste adquiere desde la perspectiva del actor social; revisa el concepto de ‘comprensión’ en tanto capacidad del actor, como en su relación con la conformación del mundo social; y reflexiona respecto a las características que adquiere la acción social subjetiva e intersubjetiva, situándola en los marcos espaciotemporales.

  13. L’aimant, le transfert et la polarisation.Les manœuvres d’hypnotisation à la Salpêtrière par Alfred Binet et Charles Féré

    OpenAIRE

    Sonn, Loig le

    2015-01-01

    En 1885, Alfred Binet et Charles Féré exposaient leurs recherches expérimentales sur un phénomène abondamment observé par les médecins de la Salpêtrière. Les transferts de la sensibilité désignaient le processus de migration ou de déplacement de certains symptômes hystériques (contractures, anesthésies, paralysies) d’une région ou d’une moitié du corps à l’autre. Ce fait expérimental inédit a donné lieu à l’un des débats les plus vifs, au sein de la corporation médicale française, sur l’origi...

  14. Deoxyspergualin in relapsing and refractory Wegener's granulomatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flossmann, O; Baslund, B; Bruchfeld, A; Cohen Tervaert, J W; Hall, C; Heinzel, P; Hellmich, B; Luqmani, R A; Nemoto, K; Tesar, V; Jayne, D R W

    2008-01-01

    primary endpoint was complete remission (BVAS 0 for at least 2 months) or partial remission (BVAS <50% of entry score). After the sixth cycle azathioprine was commenced and follow-up continued for 6 months. RESULTS: 42/44 patients (95%) achieved at least partial remission and 20/44 (45%) achieved complete...

  15. Categorisering van wegen buiten de bebouwde kom.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, S.T.M.C.

    1981-01-01

    As a contribution to a discussion, several points of depar-ture and ideas are described, which could form the basis of categorisation of tfhe Dutch road system, in a manner, that is expedient for the road userm, the road designer and road-controlling, a thority as well. The aim is to improve the qua

  16. Význam teorie kontinentálního driftu Alfreda Wegenera

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Špičák, Aleš

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 1 (2012), s. 3-6. ISSN 0300-4414 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30120515 Institutional support: RVO:67985530 Keywords : Alfred Wegener * continental drift * plate tectonics * history of the Earth Sciences Subject RIV: DC - Siesmology, Volcanology, Earth Structure

  17. Otto Hansmann: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778). (Basiswissen Pädagogik – Teilbereich Historische Pädagogik, Bd. 1.) Baltmannsweiler: Schneider 2002. 232 S., EUR 16,–. Hartmut von Hentig: Rousseau oder Die wohlgeordnete Freiheit. München: Beck 2003. 124 S., EUR 14,90. Alfred Schäfer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Ein pädagogisches Porträt. Weinheim/Basel: Beltz 2002. 156 S., EUR 14,90 [Rezension

    OpenAIRE

    Tenorth, Heinz-Elmar

    2005-01-01

    Sammelrezension zu: Otto Hansmann: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778). (Basiswissen Pädagogik – Teilbereich Historische Pädagogik, Bd. 1.) Baltmannsweiler: Schneider 2002. 232 S., EUR 16,–. Hartmut von Hentig: Rousseau oder Die wohlgeordnete Freiheit. München: Beck 2003. 124 S., EUR 14,90. Alfred Schäfer: Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Ein pädagogisches Porträt. Weinheim/Basel: Beltz 2002. 156 S., EUR 14,90

  18. Alfred-Adler's Basic Concepts and Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Robert W.

    This book presents the basic principles of Adler's psychology. The first chapter looks at Adlerian psychology as it exists today, and examines earlier influences. The second chapter examines feelings of inferiority and compensation for these feelings. The third chapter considers the nature of goals and how they are formulated. The fourth chapter…

  19. [Sigmund Freud's ambition and Alfred Adler].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebzeltern, G

    1984-11-01

    Freud never admitted to himself that he possessed a greater-than-average sense of ambition, which manifested itself in dreams, malachievement and priority problems. A completely new picture of Freud arises from such a perspective. Freud experienced childhood trauma in the form of his relationship with his nephew, John, in whom both an intimate friend and hated enemy were incorporated. This experience left a life-long impression which predetermined the neurotic element in Freud's relationship with men. Freud's own interpretation being that he had been betrayed by Breuer, Fliess, Adler and Jung. That is why the sentencing of his Uncle Joseph to a term of imprisonment had such far-reaching consequences for Freud. A further noteworthy observation is the close connection between ambition and death wishes and also between ambition and guilt feelings. Who, after all, likes to admit to harbouring such feelings? It appeared necessary to investigate the extent to which Freud's excessive ambition influenced his relationships with Breuer, Fliess and Adler. Freud was never prepared to recognize that Adler's contribution consisted of revealing the importance of the natural laws governing those layers of the psyche nearer to the conscious. The picture of the whole person emerges only by a combination of psychoanalysis and individual psychology. PMID:6395508

  20. Alfred Kroeber y su obra peruanista1

    OpenAIRE

    Bonavia, Duccio

    2015-01-01

    Carlyle escribió que en el fondo la historia universal no era más que la historia de los grandes hombres. Parafraseando la idea, no creo atrevido afirmar que la historia de la antropología peruana puede tomar como símbolo a Alfredo Kroeber. Enjuiciar su obra peruanista tomará tiempo: será tarea de las futuras generaciones. Tratar de ella, aunque superficialmente, a la luz de nuestros actuales conocimientos es lo que me he propuesto, sintiéndome sin embargo deslumbrado y empequeñecido frente a...

  1. Alfred de Musset, Les Caprices de Marianne

    OpenAIRE

    Sabourin, Lise

    2016-01-01

    Cette édition scolaire des Caprices de Marianne comporte peu d’annotations, mais le dossier établi par Olivier Delcroix met en perspective la pièce de Musset sur «fond d’amertumes romantiques» et de «théâtre du désespoir» (pp. 71-87), en discernant «le drame de l’identité» qui s’y vit «du rire aux larmes» (pp. 88-101); il propose aussi deux groupements de textes complémentaires, l’un, thématique, sur «la rébellion féminine au théâtre» (pp. 102-116), l’autre, stylistique, sur «entremise amoure...

  2. Empresario y empresarialidad en Alfred Marshall

    OpenAIRE

    Zaratiegui, J.M. (Jesús M.); Martínez-Echevarría, M.A. (Miguel Alfonso)

    2010-01-01

    Se comienza el estudio con la base antropológica de la visión marshalliana de la Economía, qué concepto de hombre manejaba. Una vez asentado ese principio podremos examinar qué finalidad atribuye Marshall a la actividad económica del grupo empresarial. El siguiente paso lógico será analizar cómo eran los empresarios de su época y cómo los veía él: la influencia de la calidad empresarial en el declive relativo de la economía inglesa entre 1870 y 1914; su organización interna y las relaciones c...

  3. Alfred Felix Landon Beeston (1911-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfred Felix Landon Beeston

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available AutobiographieNé le 23 février 1911, c'est au Collège de Westminter que je fis mes études secondaires, avec une formation approfondie en latin et en grec. A temps perdu j'appris tout seul l'allemand, afin de pouvoir pratiquer dans cette langue un travail d'érudition ; j'acquis de la même façon des notions d'arabe. Toujours enclin à opter pour l'insolite, l'exotique, j'avais songé, il fut un temps, à me lancer dans le sanscrit ou le chinois ; mais je ne puis aujourd'hui me rappeler ce qui, fin...

  4. Postmarketing study of efficacy and safety of losartan during the treatment of patients with mild and moderate hypertension: Lothar study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiljević Zorana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Losartan, the angiotensin type 1 receptor blocker (ARB exercises its main antihypertensive effect by vasodilatation of peripheral arteries. Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antihypertensive effect and safety of losartan in patients with mild and moderate arterial hypertension (AH. Methods. This was an open post-marketing study with losartan as monotherapy in previously treated or untreated patients with AH. Primary efficacy parameter was the percentage of patients that achieved target blood pressure after 8-week treatment with a single daily dose of losartan of 50-100 mg. Safety parameters were assessed according to the percentage of adverse events and metabolic effects of therapy. Results. The study included 550 patients with AH (59% female and 41% male, mean age 56.8±11.4 years, BMI=27±4 kg/m2. Losartan was applied in 31% of untreated and 69% of previously treatment-resistant patients After 8 weeks target blood pressure was achieved in 67.8% (SBP and in 81.1% (DBP of patients, respectively. The mean decrease was 21.8% for SBP and 21.1% for DBP (p<0.001. Out of all, 65% of patients achieved both target SBP and DBP values. Hydrochlorothiazide was added to the therapy in 11.6% of patients. There were no significant differences in drug efficacy between the entire group and subgroups of patients with diabetes mellitus and impaired renal function (p=ns. Adverse events were rare and metabolic effect was favorable. Conclusion. Monotherapy with losartan in a dosage of 50-100 mg applied during 8 weeks resulted in achieving target values of blood pressure in 65% of patient with mild and moderate hypertension, also including the patients with diabetes mellitus and impaired renal function. Losartan is a safe and metabolically neutral medication.

  5. Alfred Marshall, o capitalismo e sua utopia social Alfred Marshall, capitalism and his social utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Valladão de Mattos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa analisar a posição de Marshall em relação ao capitalismo de sua época e às possibilidades de mudança social. Argumenta-se que, apesar de ser um grande defensor do sistema de liberdade econômica, Marshall considerava fundamental sanar o problema da pobreza e da indigência que assolava e degradava física, moral e intelectualmente boa parte da população. Todavia, ao contrário dos socialistas e coletivistas que visavam extinguir as principais instituições vigentes (a concorrência, a propriedade privada, o trabalho assalariado, entre outras, o autor vislumbrava uma sociedade melhor ainda sob a égide dessas instituições capitalistas. Essa situação melhor poderia ser atingida por meio da intervenção do Estado e de mudanças importantes nos valores dos indivíduos - que envolveriam a adoção de uma postura mais nobre e cavalheiresca no seu agir econômico.This paper analyses Marshall's view in relation to capitalism and to the possibilities of social change. It is argued that in spite of being an important defender of the system of economic liberty, Marshall thought it was crucial to solve the problems of poverty and indigence that degraded physically, morally and intellectually a great part of the population. He rejected the socialists and collectivists solutions - that aimed at extinguishing the main prevailing institutions, such as competition in the market and private property, and wage-labor; and defended that a better society could be built preserving the key institutions of capitalism. He believed that this better situation could be achieved by prompt intervention of the State, and by important changes in the values of the individuals of society, that involved more nobility and chivalry in their economic action.

  6. Alfred Marshall, o capitalismo e sua utopia social Alfred Marshall, capitalism and his social utopia

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Valladão de Mattos

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo visa analisar a posição de Marshall em relação ao capitalismo de sua época e às possibilidades de mudança social. Argumenta-se que, apesar de ser um grande defensor do sistema de liberdade econômica, Marshall considerava fundamental sanar o problema da pobreza e da indigência que assolava e degradava física, moral e intelectualmente boa parte da população. Todavia, ao contrário dos socialistas e coletivistas que visavam extinguir as principais instituições vigentes (a concorrência...

  7. Genetic Variability of RXRB, PPARA, and PPARG in Wegener's Granulomatosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Wieczorek

    2009-01-01

    In order to reveal any hitherto unknown and potentially disease-relevant variation of the RXRB gene, we have genotyped four tagging SNPs of this genomic region and have directly sequenced selected WG patients and controls representing disease-associated haplotypes. Additionally, we have genotyped 2 SNPs each in the genes for PPARα and PPARγ (PPARA and PPARG. Hence, we confirmed the strong association of the RXRB locus with WG but could not reveal any novel variation in RXRB. None of the PPARA and PPARG SNPs showed association with WG. Moreover, no epistatic effect was seen between RXRB and PPARA/PPARG alleles. These results do not support an etiopathological role of PPAR in WG. Analyses of further genes functionally linked to RXRB may provide additional data useful to evaluate the RXRB association found in WG.

  8. Bruggen en wegen naar een duurzame Randstad in 2040

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    d'Haese, N.

    2008-01-01

    Dit rapport werd geschreven door het Dutch Research Institute for Transitions in opdracht van Delft Cluster. Het rapport kadert binnen het PIZZA-project, een samenwerking tussen 6 Bsik-programma’s van de 8 voor ruimte en KSI. Het doel van dit project is een methodiek voor transitiemonitoring te ontw

  9. A Presentation of Cerebritis Secondary to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Norman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurological manifestations of GPA are common, most frequently as a peripheral neuropathy. Cerebritis as a principal presentation is extremely rare. We report a patient who presented with subacute progression of ataxia, confusion, and vacant episodes. An MRI of her brain showed bilateral signal abnormalities in the cingulate and superior sagittal gyrus while a staging CT revealed a mass in the right upper lobe of the patient’s lung with a satellite nodule. C-ANCA antibodies specific for PR3 at high titres were positive and a diagnosis of GPA was made. The patient was commenced on intravenous methylprednisolone followed by cyclophosphamide and responded well to treatment. GPA is a rare and treatable differential diagnosis for confused patients with acute or subacute neurological features and unusual MRI findings.

  10. A presentation of cerebritis secondary to granulomatosis with polyangiitis (wegener).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, James; Pande, Ira; Taylor, Timothy; Gran, Bruno

    2014-01-01

    Neurological manifestations of GPA are common, most frequently as a peripheral neuropathy. Cerebritis as a principal presentation is extremely rare. We report a patient who presented with subacute progression of ataxia, confusion, and vacant episodes. An MRI of her brain showed bilateral signal abnormalities in the cingulate and superior sagittal gyrus while a staging CT revealed a mass in the right upper lobe of the patient's lung with a satellite nodule. C-ANCA antibodies specific for PR3 at high titres were positive and a diagnosis of GPA was made. The patient was commenced on intravenous methylprednisolone followed by cyclophosphamide and responded well to treatment. GPA is a rare and treatable differential diagnosis for confused patients with acute or subacute neurological features and unusual MRI findings. PMID:24900930

  11. A Presentation of Cerebritis Secondary to Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (Wegener)

    OpenAIRE

    James Norman; Ira Pande; Timothy Taylor; Bruno Gran

    2014-01-01

    Neurological manifestations of GPA are common, most frequently as a peripheral neuropathy. Cerebritis as a principal presentation is extremely rare. We report a patient who presented with subacute progression of ataxia, confusion, and vacant episodes. An MRI of her brain showed bilateral signal abnormalities in the cingulate and superior sagittal gyrus while a staging CT revealed a mass in the right upper lobe of the patient’s lung with a satellite nodule. C-ANCA antibodies specific for PR3 a...

  12. Expression of matrix metalloproteinases in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Bjerkeli, V; Halvorsen, B; Damas, J; Nordoy, I; Yndestad, A.; Aukrust, P; Froland, S

    2004-01-01

    Background: Enhanced activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) has been reported to have a pathogenic role in several diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disorders, and seems also to play a part in certain autoimmune diseases.

  13. A first look at past sea surface temperatures in the equatorial Indian Ocean from Mg/Ca in foraminifera

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Saraswat, R.; Nigam, R.; Weldeab, S.; Mackensen, A.; Naidu, P.D.

    Margins, Bremen, Germany. 3 Now at Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA. 4 Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany. Copyright 2005 by the American Geophysical Union... to D.V. Borole and V. Ramaswamy for help at various stages. Financial support from Department of Ocean Development(ProjectNo.DOD/18/PMN/EFC(BENFAN)/96),NewDelhiis duly acknowledged. One of the authors (R.S.) thankfully acknowledges financial support...

  14. Weather service in the Dronning Maud Land and beyond

    OpenAIRE

    König-Langlo, Gert; Loose, Bernd; Schmithüsen, Holger; Schmidt, Thomas; Klöwer, Milan; Heupel Santos, Simone

    2014-01-01

    For more than a decade meteorologists at the German Antarctic research station Neumayer (70°S, 008°W) offer detailed and individual summer weather forecasts for all activities in the Dronning Maud Land. Especially the intercontinental air link with Cape Town made the establishment of this service mandatory. The work is performed in close cooperation between the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and the German Weather Service (DWD). The forecasts base mainly on i...

  15. Ensemble Data Assimilation: Algorithms and Software

    OpenAIRE

    Nerger, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Ensemble data assimilation is nowadays applied to various problems to estimate a model state and model parameters by combining the model predictions with observational data. At the Alfred Wegener Institute, the assimilation focuses on ocean-sea ice models and coupled ocean-biogeochemical models. The high dimension of realistic models requires particularly efficient algorithms that are also usable on supercomputers. For the application of such filters, the Parallel Data Assimilation Framework ...

  16. A Discovery Service for Knowledge Related to Research Platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Macario, Ana; Pfeiffenberger, Hans; Reinke, Manfred

    2004-01-01

    Persistent archival and user-friendly sharing of knowledge is one of the core components for good scientific practice. Over years, the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), has acquired a wealth of observational data by operating research vessels (Polarstern, Heincke and Uthorn), land-based stations (Neumayer, Kohnen, Koldewey and Dallmann), aircraft (Polar 2 and Polar 4), and, more recently, the ocean-based stations Hausgarten.To optimize mining of research platform r...

  17. Overview of field operations during a 2013 research expedition to the southern Beaufort Sea on the RV Araon

    OpenAIRE

    Jin, Y. K.; Riedel, Michael; Hong, J. K.; Nam, S. I.; Jung, J.Y.; Ha, S. Y.; Lee, J.Y.; Kim, G. Y.; Yoo, J.; Kim, H S; Kim, G.; Conway , K; Standen, G.; Ulmi, M.; Schreker, M.

    2015-01-01

    Research experiments conducted and preliminary findings The Expedition ARA04C is a multidisciplinary research program in the Beaufort Sea, carried out in collaboration between the Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI), Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), Department of Fisheries and Ocean (DFO), Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI), and the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI). The Expedition ARA04C on the IBRV Araon took place from September 6 to September 24, 2013 (Figure 0.1). Multipl...

  18. Airborne research in cool regions

    OpenAIRE

    Steinhage, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    The Alfred Wegener Institute uses ski-equipped aircraft to support and to conduct its research activities both polar regions since 1983 and provides access to the aircraft to the German scientific community. Beside logistic support of field groups, the aircraft were utilized in glaciology, geophysics, meteorology, and physics of the atmosphere. At the beginning Dornier aircraft, first POLAR 1, a Do128, and POLAR 2, a Do228, followed by two Dornier aircraft of typ Do228 were used. While one ai...

  19. Modelling mid-Pliocene climate with COSMOS

    OpenAIRE

    Stepanek, C.; G. Lohmann

    2012-01-01

    In this manuscript we describe the experimental procedure employed at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany in the preparation of the simulations for the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP). We present a description of the utilized Community Earth System Models (COSMOS, version: COSMOS-landveg r2413, 2009) and document the procedures that we applied to transfer the Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping (PRISM) Project mid-Pliocene reconstruction into model forc...

  20. Geological features and geophysical signatures of continental margins of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Krishna, K.S.

    margins of India, with which some of the main geological features of continental margins have been modified. This article provides a brief review on theory of plate tectonics for understanding the process of intra- continental breakup..., thereby the results are discussed for classification of the margins. The Theory of Plate Tectonics The theory of continental drift, which paves the way for discovery of plate tectonics, was put forward by Alfred Lother Wegener as early as in 1912...

  1. Sustained observations in the Weddell Sea spanning more than 20 years show gradual increase of the deep water heat content

    OpenAIRE

    Strass, V.; Rohardt, Gerd; Hoppema, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Beginning in 1989, Eberhard Fahrbach established and maintained until his premature death an observational programme in the Weddell Sea, which outstandingly contributed to alleviate the grave problem of undersampling of the Southern Ocean. Continuation of his legacy by the Alfred-Wegener-Institut has yielded a time series that now extends into 2013, hence covers almost 24 years. Here we analyse this data set for long-term changes of the heat content in the deep Weddell Sea. We exclusively...

  2. On Themes of the Eagle by Alfred Tennyson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓庆

    2009-01-01

    Theme is significant to poetry.Not only music but also theme is related to poetry since its birth.Usually great poems have more than one theme.Nowadays different approaches of literary analysis are on stage.The different approaches are employed to expound the rich themes of The Eagle-in memorial of Hallam,in praise of Britain's colonial expansion and in eulogy of nature.

  3. Organização empresarial em Alfred Marshall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaques Kerstenetzky

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Encontra-se na obra de Marshall uma abordagem ao ambiente empresarial que difere de sua tradicionalmente considerada contribuição à economia. Embora Marshall seja o fundador da vertente do equilíbrio parcial da microeconomia, seu trabalho no tema da organização empresarial é muito mais rico do que esta contribuição específica. O artigo explora a análise de cunho histórico e institucional desenvolvida por Marshall no tema da firma, dos mercados e dos ambientes empresariais. Como resultado, sugere que Marshall pode ser apontado como precursor de abordagens contemporâneas ao tema, como a abordagem das capacitações organizacionais, e da grande corporação americana, de autores como Berle e Means e Chandler.We can find in Marshall’s works an approach to business environments that is different from his traditionally accepted contribution to mainstream economics. Though Marshall is indeed the founder of the partial equilibrium analysis branch of traditional microeconomics, his work on the theme of business is much richer than his specific contribution to microeconomics. The article explores Marshall's institutional and historical analysis of firms, markets and of business environments. As an outcome, it suggests that Marshall can be pointed out as a forerunner of modern approaches to the theme, like Berle and Means’s and Chandler’s works on corporations, and the capabilities approach to the theory of the firm.

  4. Not so strangers. Patricia Highsmith according to Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peralta, Jorge Luis

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work I propose to analyze how the cinematographic transposition of Strangers on a train has changed the suffocating amoral world of Patricia Highsmith in a typical Hitchcockian frantic suspense story, blurring the darkest edges of the characters and situations of the original novel. The aim is not to determine whether the film is «more», «better» or «worse» than the text –an unproductive enterprise– but to reflect on the operations made by the director to seize the literary work and make of it a film that responds to his own vision of the world and of cinema.

  5. Alfred P. Gage and the Introductory Physics Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B.

    2016-03-01

    This article is about a late 19th-century teacher of secondary school physics. I was originally interested in the apparatus that he sold. This led me to the physics books that he wrote, and these took me to his unusual ideas about ways to use laboratory time to introduce students to the phenomena of physics. More than 100 years later educational ideas have now come full circle, and it is time to bring Gage and his texts and ideas to 21st-century physics teachers.

  6. Orjastaja kirjutab talle sobivat ajalugu / Alfred Käärmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärmann, Alfred, 1922-2010

    2002-01-01

    Venemaa versioon "ajaloolisest tõest" seoses Baltikumi lülitamisega NSVLi koosseisu ja sellele järgnevate sündmustega. Tekstilõigud on võetud Igor Põhhalovi artiklist ajalehe Spetznaz Rossii selle aasta numbrist

  7. Alfred P. Gage and the Introductory Physics Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.

    2016-01-01

    This article is about a late 19th-century teacher of secondary school physics. I was originally interested in the apparatus that he sold. This led me to the physics books that he wrote, and these took me to his unusual ideas about ways to use laboratory time to introduce students to the phenomena of physics. More than 100 years later educational…

  8. Social background of the discovery and the reception of the periodic law of the elements: recognizing the contributions of Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev and Julius Lothar Meyer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaji, Masanori

    2003-05-01

    The favorable and relatively rapid reception of Mendeleev's periodic table of the elements can be attributed, in part at least, to his social connections. These connections were evident in the recently organized Russian Chemical Society. In addition, Mendeleev enjoyed the support of the editorial board of the journal of the German Chemical Society. PMID:12796115

  9. Väljavõtteid kunstikoguja Alfred Rõude mälestuste käsikirjast / Alfred Rõude

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rõude, Alfred

    1998-01-01

    Andrus Johanist, tema loomingust. Meenutusi A. Johani 'Pallases' õppimise ajast, Eestis 1933. ja 1936. a. koos tehtud kunstiretkedest, sel ajal A. Johanil valminud töödest. A. Johani kunstipärandist (Tallinn, aug. 1946). A. Rõude kogus süstemaatiliselt A. Johani töid

  10. Continental drift, organic evolution, and moral courage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irving, Edward

    For the past 40 years or so there has been much discussion of the reasons why, even though there was substantial evidence for it, the continental drift hypothesis of Alfred Wegener and Wladimir Koppen was rejected in the first half of the 20th century. It was often derisively dismissed out of hand.On April 7, 1998, there was a note in Eos by David Stern that included a perceptive and amusing quotation from Teddy Bullard on the question, which has recently reached something of a culmination in an important new book, The Rejection of Continental Drift, by Naomi Oreskes and published by Oxford in 1999.

  11. Upper Respiratory Tract Symptoms, Renal Involvement and Vasculitis: A Case Report and Review of Wegener Granulomatosis

    OpenAIRE

    Said, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed

    2010-01-01

    Wegener’s Granulomatosis is a condition associated with systemic vasculitis which can present with upper respiratory tract symptoms initially. On September 2001, a 15-year-old girl presented with symptoms of nasal block for 3 weeks. She later developed joint pains and worsening renal status requiring dialysis. A renal biopsy was performed which showed pauci-immune cresentric glomerulonephritis. Her cANCA levels were positive. She was treated with oral cyclophosphamide and steroids and later r...

  12. Die DDC auf neuen Wegen - verbale Sucheinstiege für klassifikatorisch erschlossene Titel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Maibach

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Die Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation (DDC ist ein mächtiges Instrument der klassifikatorischen Inhaltserschließung. Immer mehr Bibliotheken im In- und Ausland erkennen den Nutzen der international am weitesten verbreiteten Universalklassifikation. Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB setzt die DDC seit 2006 für die inhaltliche Erschließung der Bibliografiereihen A, B und H ein. Seitdem wurden rund 800.000 Publikationen mit DDC-Notationen versehen. Der Nutzen von Klassifikationen ist unter Bibliothekar/innen unumstritten. Die Bibliotheksnutzer/innen hingegen wissen oft nicht, dass der Katalog ihrer Bibliothek auch eine systematische Recherche ermöglicht. Ihre Recherchestrategie ist meist verbal. Durch Internetsuchmaschinen wird diese Strategie noch bestärkt. Daher liegt es nahe, auch für die klassifikatorisch erschlossenen Titel einen verbalen Sucheinstieg zu schaffen. Die DDC enthält nicht nur die in vielen Klassifikationssystemen üblichen Registereinträge und Klassenbenennungen, sondern auch die im Rahmen des Projekts CrissCross in großem Umfang erstellten Verknüpfungen zu Schlagwörtern der Gemeinsamen Normdatei (GND, die für diesen Zweck ausgewertet werden können. The Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC is a powerful indexing tool. A rising number of libraries worldwide recognize the benefit of this universal classification. Since 2006 the German National Library (DNB has used the DDC to index titles belonging to series A, B and H of the German National Bibliography. In 2012 100,000 publications were indexed with DDC notations. The benefits of classifications for indexing is widely accepted among librarians. However, library users take a different point of view. Mostly, they are not even aware that their library's catalogue offers a systematic search. Most library users prefer verbal search strategies. This is enforced by internet search engines, which have changed the search habits of library users. Therefore, the obvious solution is to create a verbal access to classified titles. The DDC does not only contain a relative index with verbal elements and class names, but also links to subject headings taken from the German Integrated Authority File (GND. These were established as a part of the CrissCross project. All of these verbal elements can be used to make the DDC accessible by words.

  13. Een categorie-indeling van wegen benaderd vanuit het aspect verkeersveiligheid.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, S.T.M.C.

    1977-01-01

    Foreseeing the consequences when manoeuvring is easier when traffic situations are not too complex. This can be achieved by categorization of roads. Within one road category roads must be consistent, continuous, uniform and recognizable in their characteristics. The traffic area can be divided in

  14. A CASE OF WEGENER GRANULOMATOSIS WHICH HAS RELAPSED WITH ONLY EYE INVOLVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Suleyman, Karakose; Selman, Unverdi; Beyza, Algul; Eyup, Koc; Murat, Duranay

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG) is a disease which is characterized by multisystemic involvement including glomerulonephritis together with necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of the upper and lower respiratory pathways. Eye involvement is common but retinal vasculitis has rarely been described. Herein we will present a case with the diagnosis of WG which developed retinal vein occlusion in its clinical follow up. Case. Seventy-six-year-old female patient with a diagnosis of hype...

  15. Structured clinical assessment of the ear, nose and throat in patients with granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez Del Pero, Marcos; Rasmussen, Niels; Chaudhry, Afzal;

    2013-01-01

    a detailed clinical assessment by an ENT surgeon of their ear, nose and head and neck complaints. An evaluation of whether there was disease activity and/or infection in each ENT area was made using the European Vasculitis Study Group guidelines. The number of patients assessed was 144. The...

  16. Blijvend vlakke wegen - CROW-werkgroep integraal wegontwerp - evaluatie van schadecases uit de praktijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Egmond-Weijburg, C.; Galjaard, P.J.; Van Gurp, C.A.P.M.

    2008-01-01

    This report presents an inquiry into cases of pavement design, construction and maintenance in which distress has been observed instigated by deeper subgrade or by inadequate attention for the interaction between subgrade and pavement structure. Almost all cases are situated in areas with subgrade o

  17. Surfaces and interfaces of glass and ceramics; Proceedings of the International Symposium on Special Topics in Ceramics, Alfred University, Alfred, N.Y., August 27-29, 1973

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frechette, V. D. (Editor); Lacourse, W. C.; Burdick, V. L.

    1974-01-01

    The characterization of surfaces and interfaces is considered along with the infrared spectra of several N-containing compounds absorbed on montmorillonites, applications of surface characterization techniques to glasses, the observation of electronic spectra in glass and ceramic surfaces, a method for determining the preferred orientation of crystallites normal to a surface, and the friction and wear behavior of glasses and ceramics. Attention is given to the wear behavior of cast surface composites, an experimental investigation of the dynamic and thermal characteristics of the ceramic stock removal process, a dynamic elastic model of ceramic stock removal, and the structure and properties of solid surfaces. Individual items are announced in this issue.

  18. Alfred Marshall's Cardinal Theory of Value: The Strong Law of Demand

    OpenAIRE

    Donald Brown; Caterina Calsamiglia

    2013-01-01

    We show that all the fundamental properties of competitive equilibrium in Marshall's cardinal theory of value, as presented in Note XXI of the mathematical appendix to his Principles of Economics (1890), derive from the Strong Law of Demand. That is, existence, uniqueness, optimality, and global stability of equilibrium prices with respect to tatonnement price adjustment follow from the cyclical monotonicity of the market demand function in the Marshallian general equilibrium model.

  19. Whip restraint for a steam pipe rupture event on a nuclear power plant / Alfred Cornelius Pieters

    OpenAIRE

    Pieters, Alfred Cornelius

    2013-01-01

    One of the requirements of a safe nuclear power plant design is the postulation of the dynamic effects of a steam pipe rupture. The dynamic effects are the discharging fluid and pipe whip on structures, systems or components. A pipe rupture can be caused in the steam pipe system where a defect such as a crack exists. Multiple factors contribute to the initiation of pipe cracks during the plant’s life. Cracks may start microscopically small and over time, with the assistance...

  20. Proceedings of the Alfred O. Nier symposium on inorganic mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over 100 inorganic mass spectroscopists, including representatives from 9 different countries, attended. This proceedings contains 12 papers, 11 abstracts, and 38 poster abstracts; an author index is included

  1. Muusikamaailm : Pfingstfestspiele (suvistefestival) Baden Badenis. Glyndebourne'is, Leipzigis... . Strasbourg Pariisis. Alfred Brendeli juubeliks / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    H. von Karajani mälestuseks korraldatud suvistepühafestivalist Baden Badenis. Festivalidest : Glyndebourne'i ooperifestivalist, Leipzigi Bachi festivalist, Schwetzingeni lossifestivalist. Strasbourg'i ooperiteatri külalisetendustest Pariisi Chatelet' teatris. A.Brendeli 70. juubeli tähistamisest Londoni South Bank Centre'is

  2. Proceedings of the second Alfred O. Nier symposium on inorganic mass spectrometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The proceedings are organized under the following headings: thermal ionization mass spectrometry, applications and instrumentation; inductively coupled plasma and glow discharge mass spectrometry; gases; laser resonance ionization; general. Topics of nuclear significance include: determination of trace iron in zirconium; characterization of uranium in surface waters; subpicogram quantities of technetium; measurement of isotope ratios; determination of hydrogen and deuterium in zirconium and its alloys; Kr and Xe isotopic measurements; Kr-85 detection; SIMS study of zirconium corrosion; isotopes at CEA (Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique). All the papers have been abstracted separately for INIS

  3. Autour d'un petit livre. Alfred Loisy cent ans après

    OpenAIRE

    Losito, Giacomo

    2010-01-01

    Ce volume recueille les actes d'un colloque dont il faut savoir gré à Emile Goichot, Claude Langlois et François Laplanche de l'avoir organisé en mettant à contribution les meilleurs spécialistes allemands, suisses et italiens de la crise moderniste, à côté des historiens français de longue date (Pierre Colin, Bernard Montagnes et le doyen des études de Modernistica, Emile Poulat), des spécialistes des sciences religieuses de l'École Pratique des Hautes Études, des théologiens du Centre Sèvre...

  4. Alfred Marshall and J. Neville Keynes on Deductive Economics and Economic Biology (ca. 1885-1907)

    OpenAIRE

    Carlo Cristiano

    2009-01-01

    In spite of some disagreement with Neville Keynes on various methodological issues, from the second to the fourth editions of Principles, Marshall referred the reader to Keynes’s The Scope and Method of Political Economy «for a more full and detailed investigation of the subject». As time passed, however, Marshall became increasingly aware that an incorrect interpretation of the hypothetico-deductive method, which he considered to be in itself essential to the statical and «preliminary» stage...

  5. Meurtres et meurtriers dans l’œuvre d’Alfred Hitchcock

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Palfroy

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Le premier plan de The Lodger, - film considéré par Hitchcock comme son véritable premier film (chronologiquement son 3e, le premier « Hitchcock picture » comme il le dit à François Truffaut  - montre en gros plan le visage d’une femme hurlant. Ce plan condense en lui une grande partie des éléments qui vont constituer la matière de l’œuvre : la femme, le sexe, le meurtre. Ce qui retient l’attention dans ce plan au-delà du cri - qui renvoie comme bien des cris cadrés par le cinéaste au célèbr...

  6. Symposium for Alfred Wolf's 75th birthday at American Chemical Society meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report contains abstracts from the symposium presented by the Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of the American Chemical Society. Sessions covered the following topics: Therapeutic radionuclides--Making the right choice; Aspects of nuclear science; Nuclear structure with large gamma-ray detector arrays and their auxiliary devices; Thirty years of research in nuclear dynamics--From fission to the quark-gluon plasma; Chelated metal ions for diagnosis and therapy; Radiochemistry--Basic and applied; and Applications of small accelerators in science and industry

  7. 'n Analise van die organisasiekultuur van toppresterende skole / Charl Alfred Janson

    OpenAIRE

    Janson, Charl Alfred

    1993-01-01

    Organisational culture has become a fashion word in the corporate community. In teaching circles, more and more people are realizing that organisational culture determines the successful realization of educational teaching. The willingness of staff members to apply themselves to the school, depends on the degree to which they identify with the organisational culture of the relevant school. The organisational culture, however, not only influences-the teachers but also the pupils...

  8. Review: Alfred Schäfer & Michael Wimmer (Hrsg.) (2006). Selbstauslegung im Anderen

    OpenAIRE

    Meier, Simon

    2008-01-01

    Der Band widmet sich dem Problem des unzugänglichen, sich jeder Erkenntnisanstrengung widersetzenden Anderen und dem sich hieraus ergebenden Problem, dass sich das Selbst nur in Abgrenzung von diesem unzugänglichen Anderen, also durch Selbstauslegung im Anderen gewinnen kann. Hierzu sind Beiträge aus verschiedenen Disziplinen versammelt, die sich jeweils aus ihrer Perspektive dieser Problematik widmen. Trotz vieler interessanter Ansätze, die auch viele Anknüpfungspunkte für weiterführende For...

  9. O atractivo de Alfred Schutz en disciplinas fora da Filosofía, como a xurisprudencia

    OpenAIRE

    Embree, Lester

    2000-01-01

    O atractivo de Schutz fora da filosofía, consiste en cómo a súa teoría da ciencia (1) ten ampla e receptiva das ciencias non naturalistas en canto ciencias que se ocupan principalmente da cultura e das persoas ("ciencias culturais"); (2) clarexa conceptos básicos e métodos, empezando polos relativos ao significado subxectivo e á interpretación (básicos en todas as ciencias culturais e polos que estas poden ser chamadas cualitativas e/ou interpretativas) e resta importancia aos métodos formais...

  10. Symposium for Alfred Wolf's 75th birthday at American Chemical Society meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-04-02

    This report contains abstracts from the symposium presented by the Division of Nuclear Chemistry and Technology of the American Chemical Society. Sessions covered the following topics: Therapeutic radionuclides--Making the right choice; Aspects of nuclear science; Nuclear structure with large gamma-ray detector arrays and their auxiliary devices; Thirty years of research in nuclear dynamics--From fission to the quark-gluon plasma; Chelated metal ions for diagnosis and therapy; Radiochemistry--Basic and applied; and Applications of small accelerators in science and industry.

  11. Separation of fluorocarbon gases from a reactor plasma system / Alfred Teo Grunenberg

    OpenAIRE

    Grunenberg, Alfred Teo

    2008-01-01

    South Africa has natural resources in mineral feedstock containing gold, manganese, chromium, vanadium, copper, antimony, phosphate rock, uranium, fluorspar and titanium. A high percentage of these ores are exported in unbeneficiated form. There are beneficiation opportunities to transform the raw materials to value-added products, thus increasing employment and stimulating the South African economy. Fluorocarbon (CxFy) gases can be produced via high-temperature plasma processes, where fl...

  12. Caribbean tectonics and relative plate motions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, K.; Dewey, J. F.; Cooper, C.; Mann, P.; Pindell, J. L.

    1984-01-01

    During the last century, three different ways of interpreting the tectonic evolution of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean have been proposed, taking into account the Bailey Willis School of a permanent pre-Jurassic deep sea basin, the Edward Suess School of a subsided continental terrain, and the Alfred Wegener School of continental separation. The present investigation is concerned with an outline of an interpretation which follows that of Pindell and Dewey (1982). An attempt is made to point out ways in which the advanced hypotheses can be tested. The fit of Africa, North America, and South America is considered along with aspects of relative motion between North and South America since the early Jurasic. Attention is given to a framework for reconstructing Caribbean plate evolution, the evolution of the Caribbean, the plate boundary zones of the northern and southern Caribbean, and the active deformation of the Caribbean plate.

  13. ESSReS-PEP, an international and interdisciplinary postgraduate education concept on Earth and Environmental Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosfeld, Klaus; Lohmann, Gerrit; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, Annette; Burrows, John

    2013-04-01

    Promoting young researchers is a major priority of the German Helmholtz Association. Since more than five years graduate and postgraduate education in the field of Earth System and Environmental Science has been established in Bremen and Bremerhaven, north-western Germany. Using the network and collaboration of experts and specialists on observational and paleoclimate data as well as on statistical data analysis and climate modelling from two Universities and the Helmholtz research institute on Polar and Marine Research, master and PhD students are trained to understand, decipher and cope with the challenges of recent climate change on an highly interdisciplinary and inter-institutional level. The existing research infrastructure at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven (AWI), University of Bremen, and Jacobs University Bremen offers a unique research environment to study past, present and future changes of the climate system, with special focus on high latitudinal processes. It covers all kind of disciplines, climate science, geosciences and biosciences, and provides a consistent framework for education and qualification of a new generation of expertly trained, internationally competitive master and PhD students. On postgraduate level, the Postgraduate Programme Environmental Physics (PEP) at the University of Bremen (www.pep.uni-bremen.de) educates the participants on the complex relationship between atmosphere, hydrosphere (ocean), cryosphere (ice region) and solid earth (land). Here, the learning of experimental methods in environmental physics at the most advanced level, numerical data analysis using supercomputers, and data interpretation via sophisticated methods prepare students for a scientific career. Within cooperation with the Ocean University of China (OUC) students are participating one year in the PEP programme during their master studies since 2006, to get finally a double degree of both universities. At the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar

  14. Instability Rules: The Ten Most Amazing Ideas of Modern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Charles

    2002-03-01

    World-altering discoveries that reveal a universe of uncertainty and constant change Whether probing the farthest reaches of the vast universe or exploring the microscopic world of genetics and the subatomic world of quantum mechanics, Instability Rules is a remarkably informative and engaging look at ten milestone discoveries and their discoverers-a wide range of very human personalities whose insights have dramatically altered our most basic assumptions about human existence during the last century. The stories include Edwin Hubble and the expanding universe, Alfred Wegener and continental drift, Neils Bohr and quantum mechanics, Alan Turing and artificial intelligence, and James Watson and Francis Crick and DNA. Also covering discoveries of the twenty-first century that are already refining these and other ideas, Instability Rules is an exhilarating, sometimes amusing encounter with the defining scientific discoveries of our age.

  15. Review Essay: Karl Schlögel liest die Zeit im Raum: Flanieren auf alten Wegen in Richtung neuer Horizonte

    OpenAIRE

    Kottmann, Sina Lucia

    2005-01-01

    Geschichte spielt nicht nur in der Zeit, sondern auch im Raum" (S.9). Karl SCHLÖGEL, Historiker und versierter Kenner der osteuropäischen Geschichte, Slawist, Soziologe und Philosoph, stellt ein frappierendes Manko der Geschichtswissenschaften fest: die Indifferenz gegenüber der räumlichen Dimension ihres Gegenstands. Die Zeit ist reif, spürt SCHLÖGEL, um die Kategorie Raum stark zu machen, sie neben oder besser wieder mitten hinein in die Zeit zu stellen und – entsprechend dem Zeitgeist eine...

  16. Chirurgisches und klinisches Outcome von Patientinnen mit fortgeschrittenem Ovarialkarzinom nach Salvage Operationen wegen intestinaler Komplikationen und daraus resultierendem Kurzdarmsyndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Kwee, Sara-Lea

    2014-01-01

    Surgery for patients with highly advanced epithelial ovarian cancer in life- threatening emergencies (i.e. bowel obstruction, intestinal perforation or fistula) are a major challenge for physicians and constitutes a therapeutic predicament. The objective of this study was to evaluate surgical and clinical outcome of patients in this highly palliative situations. All patients with an epithelial ovarian cancer who were operated as an emergency with an extraperitoneal en-bloc intestinal rese...

  17. The theologician Alfred Jeremias (1864-1935) of Leipzig and the history of early astronomy; (German Title: Der Leipziger Theologe Alfred Jeremias (1864-1935) und die Geschichte der frühen Astronomie )

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilgauds, Hans-Joachim

    We present, after a short sketch of the life of A. Jeremias, his concept of historical development and bis political views. Jeremias carried out religious studies at Leipzig University, and was one of the main proponents of "Panbabylonism", the notion that the Babylonian astral world view has given its imprint to all world cultures. He substantiated his views in handbooks as well as polemic brochures. The astronomical knowledge assigned to the Babylonians by the panbabylonists Winckler, Jeremias and Weidner is summarized, and the concept of precession is discussed in some detail. Obviously there were no contacts to astronomers of Leipzig Observatory, and Jeremias' poorly substantiated views were justiy dismissed by later scientists like O. Neugebauer.

  18. LA SOCIOLOGÍA INTERPRETATIVA DE ALFRED SCHÜTZ: REFLEXIONES ENTORNO A UN PLANTEAMIENTO EPISTEMOLÓGICO CUALITATIVO Alfred Schütz´s Interpretative Sociology: Thoughts about an Epistemological Qualitative Idea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Leal Riquelme

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available La “vida cotidiana” es el ámbito donde viven los actores, donde formulan los proyectos de acción, y donde Schütz aplica la Teoría de la acción. Sus investigaciones abordan las relaciones intersubjetivas que establecen los actores sociales. El observador-científico, por su parte, estudia la “vida cotidiana” y, al hacerlo, interpreta la conciencia del actor que vive en ese mundo. Schütz, utilizando la fenomenología como método-teoría, trasciende interpretaciones inmanentistas de la conciencia para postular una epistemología socialEvery day life is a realm where actor live, where they express their action projects, where Schutz applies his action theory. His researches deal with inter subjective relations among social actors. The scientific observer, on his own, also studies every day life, but upon doing it he makes an interpretation of the conscience of the actor living in that realm. This author, using phenomenology as method-therory transcedens inmanent interpretations about conscience to propose instead a social epistemology

  19. An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler

    OpenAIRE

    KAPUSTIN SERGEY A.

    2015-01-01

    This is the second in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the previous article I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by par...

  20. Alfred Schütz’s writings from the perspective of a theory of action’s creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier L. Cristiano

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a review of the work of Schütz from the question about “creativity” of social action, which was not made expressly by the author but it is in his writings an important principle of response. After positioning the subject in some coordinates of the current sociological discussion, we present four specific fields from schütz’ contributions: the ability to expand and make a creative use of “the social heritage of knowledge”, the individual and collective capacity to imagine action projects, the ability to create and use symbols, and producing with them exclusive worlds of imaginary existence, as well as the ability to give birth to new experiences. It is stated that these four fields outline the contours of a phenomenology of creativity of action, which sets out some open fields for further research.

  1. Alfred Ndahiro, Privat Rutazibwa, Hôtel Rwanda ou le génocide des Tutsis vu par Hollywood

    OpenAIRE

    Azarian, Viviane

    2012-01-01

    Rédigé par deux « universitaires rwandais » — comme l’indique la 4e page de couverture sans autre précision —, Hôtel Rwanda ou le génocide des Tutsis vu par Hollywood se présente comme une réponse au succès du film Hôtel Rwanda (Terry George, 2005), inspiré de l’histoire de Paul Rusesabagina, gérant de l’Hôtel des Mille Collines à Kigali, lors du génocide. Le film se présente comme une reconstitution fictionnelle des événements, documentée cependant et réalisée sur les conseils du principal i...

  2. 75 FR 30427 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: University of Idaho, Alfred W. Bowers Laboratory...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has... vulgare shell, one-end rounded cork, and one bone whistle. This site is located within the area ceded...

  3. Schreier rewriting beyond the classical setting Dedicated to our teacher Alfred Lvovich Shmelkin on his 70th birthday

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAHTURIN; Yuri; OLSHANSKII; Alexander

    2009-01-01

    Using actions of free monoids and free associative algebras, we establish some Schreier-type formulas involving ranks of actions and ranks of subactions in free actions or Grassmann-type relations for the ranks of intersections of subactions of free actions. The coset action of the free group is used to establish a generalization of the Schreier formula in the case of subgroups of infinite index. We also study and apply large modules over free associative and free group algebras.

  4. Sir Charles Alfred Ballance (1856-1936) and the introduction of facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van de Graaf, Robert C.; Ijpma, Frank F. A.; Nicolai, Jean-Philippe A.

    2009-01-01

    Sir Charles Ballance (1856-1936) was the first surgeon in history to perform a facial nerve crossover anastomosis in 1895. Although, recently, several papers on the history of facial nerve surgery have been published, little is known about this historically important operation, the theoretical reaso

  5. De zichtbaarheid van wegmarkeringen op natte wegen : een aanvullende literatuurstudie ten behoeve van de SCI/SVT-verkgroep E9 "Zichtbaarheid van megmarkeringen op natte wegdekken.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, D.A.

    1985-01-01

    Road markings, notably lane markers, are often only poorly visible when the road is wet. This is particularly a problem at night on unlit roads. In 1978 a literature report was published on this matter. See PB 14153: A new literature report, mainly from the literature after 1978 to 1985, is presente

  6. Het verkeersveiligheidsaspect in de prioriteitstelling van rijkswegenprojecten voor de middellange termijn: bepaling van kencijfers voor de verkeersonveiligheid. Bijdrage aan artikelen in Verkeerskunde en Wegen .

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, S.T.M.C.

    1985-01-01

    Safety is one of the quality aspects of the traffic process. Accidents disturb the traffic process and cause damage and injury to vehicles and persons. In the aim for an optimum traffic process there is a need for the quantification and classification of this damage and injury. The quality aspect is

  7. Risico's op tweede- en derde-orde-wegen buiten de bebouwde kom : deelrapportage in het kencijfer-project uit het Onderzoekjaarplan 1995.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poppe, F.

    1997-01-01

    In this study the risks on junction types outside built-up areas could be described only in a limited way. The same is true for the description of risks on a number of secondary road types and on tertiary roads outside built-up areas. Of chief concern here are the kind of roads that have to serve as

  8. From Scoresby to Nansen to Wegener: The Role of Polar History in Producing the Next Generation of High-Latitude Hydrologic and Cryospheric Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sturm, M.

    2009-05-01

    Many scientists, like myself, were first attracted to the polar regions by tales of heroic explorers. These earlier explorers were also scientists, or more correctly, naturalists. They produced maps, sketches, and studies on atmospheric, cryospheric, biological, and sociological topics alike. For many of us, reading about polar history led directly to our interests in cryospheric and hydrological science. While the age of geographical exploration is long over, replaced by Google Earth, the stories from that by-gone era may still be one of the most powerful recruiting tools for producing passionate and committed polar scientists for the next generation. I would argue for an increased emphasis in teaching our students about the history of exploration and science. If we do so, at a minimum our students will better appreciate modern clothing, transportation, data loggers, communication equipment, and computers. More importantly, it will introduce to the next generation the idea of the naturalist, whose purview is all components of the natural system. Many of the high latitude issues facing us today require a system-science approach that can be difficult to learn or master in an era of disciplinary specialization. The early naturalist-explorers understood this approach and still have much to teach us if we take the time to listen to what went before.

  9. HLA-DR4, DR13(6) and the ancestral haplotype A1B8DR3 are associated with ANCA-associated vasculitis and Wegeners granulomatosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stassen, Patricia M.; Cohen-Tervaert, Jan W.; Lems, Simon P. M.; Hepkema, Bouke G.; Kallenberg, Cees G. M.; Stegeman, Coen A.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. As the HLA system is involved in recognition of self and non-self, an association with the development of ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) seems probable. In this study, the relation between HLA antigens and AAV and its severity were investigated. Methods. Consecutive patients diagnosed

  10. Stuur de autoconstructeurs op groene wegen: Johan De Mol en Hans Bruyninckx koppelen maatschappelijke randvoorwaarden aan staatssteun voor Opel en co

    OpenAIRE

    De Mol, Johan; Bruyninckx, Hans

    2009-01-01

    Volgens de vakbond dringt de tijd voor de productievestiging van General Motors in Antwerpen. De overheid wil helpen, maar Johan De Mol en Hans Bruyninckx vragen integraal beleid:'Het produceren van lichte, zuinige wagens, gebruikelijke brandstof, moet de randvoorwaarde zijn om de gestelde maatschappelijke leefkwaliteiten te helpen realiseren."

  11. Specifications for refrigerating transport. More rigid temperature specifications for cooling transport; Anforderungen im Transportkaeltebereich. Erhoehte Anforderungen beim Kuehltransport wegen verschaerfter Temperaturvorschriften

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grosskopf, P. [Frigoblock Grosskopf GmbH, Essen (Germany)

    2002-09-01

    The recommendations of the Federal Institute of Consumer Health Protection and Veterinary Medicine (Bundesinstitut fuer gesundheitlichen Verbraucherschutz und Veterinaermedizin, BgVV), which sums up all German and European temperature specifications for fresh and refrigerated products, as well as the new Ordinance on Refrigerated food (Verordnung ueber tiefgefrorene Lebensmittel, TLMV) and the new German Ordinance on Food Hygiene (Lebensmittelhygieneverordnjung,LMHV) including temperature monitoring specifications according to HACCP, induced these associations to draw up practical recommendations and guidelines for their members. [German] Die Temperaturempfehlungen des Bundesinstituts fuer gesundheitlichen Verbraucherschutz und Veterinaermedizin (BgVV), die alle deutschen und europaeischen Temperaturvorschriften fuer Frisch- und Tiefkuehlprodukte zusammenfassen sowie die Neufassung der Verordnung ueber tiefgefrorene Lebensmittel (TLMV) und die neue bundeseinheitliche Lebensmittelhygiene-Verordnung (LMHV) inkl. der Temperaturueberwachungsvorschriften gemaess HACCP, haben die betroffenen Verbaende veranlasst, entsprechende Praxisempfehlungen und Leitlinien fuer ihre Mitglieder zu erarbeiten. (orig.)

  12. Ongevalspatronen op bestaande wegen binnen en buiten de bebouwde kom. In opdracht van Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat, Directoraat-Generaal Rijkswaterstaat, Adviesdienst Verkeer en Vervoer AVV.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoon, C.C. & Bos, J.M.J.

    2002-01-01

    This report is part of the project `Accident patterns and accident rates per road type'. This project focuses on the relation between the various road types in the Netherlands and certain accident and rate patterns. With an accident pattern we mean in this study the distribution of accidents among v

  13. Variations of ion concentrations in the deep ice core and surface snow at NEEM, Greenland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto-Azuma, K.; Wegner, A.; Hansson, M.; Hirabayashi, M.; Kuramoto, T.; Miyake, T.; Motoyama, H.; NEEM Aerosol Consortium members

    2012-04-01

    Discrete samples were collected from the CFA (Continuous Flow Analysis) melt fractions during the field campaign carried out at NEEM, Greenland in 2009-2011, and were distributed to different laboratories. Ionic species were analyzed at National Institute of Polar Research (Japan) and Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (Germany). Here we present and compare the ion concentration data obtained by both institutes. Most of the ions show good agreement between the two institutes. As is indicated with the CFA data (Bigler and the NEEM Aerosol Consortium members, EGU 2012), ion chromatograph data also display that calcium and sodium, mainly originated from terrestrial dust and sea-salt, respectively, show large variations associated with Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events. Chloride, fluoride, sulfate, sodium, potassium and magnesium also show such variations, as has been already reported for other Greenland ice cores. New ion data obtained from the NEEM deep core also show large variability of oxalate and phosphate concentrations during DO events. Acetate, which is thought to be mainly derived from biomass burning, as is oxalate, appears to show variability associated with DO events, but to a lesser extent. On the other hand, nitrate, ammonium and methanesulfonate do not show such variations. Together with ion data from the deep ice core, we present those from the pits dug during the NEEM field campaign to discuss seasonal variations of ionic species. The seasonal and millennial scale variations of ions are thought to be caused by changes in atmospheric circulation and source strength.

  14. EPOS - A new approach to international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    130 marine biologists and oceanographers from 11 Western European countries participated in the European Polarstern Study (EPOS) jointly organized by the Federal Republic of Germany (through Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research) and the European Science Foundation. The icebreaking research vessel Polarstern operated in the Weddell Sea from October 1988 to March 1989. Each of the three legs was headed by a German scientist in charge and by a foreign scientific advisor. The first leg started under late winter conditions and was devoted to the role of the sea ice in the pelagic system and to the sea ice biota themselves. Leg 2 studied the retreating ice edge and the open water in front of it during spring, particularly the relation of the phytoplankton blooms to the physical structure and chemistry of the surface water and to the grazing by krill. Leg 3 concentrated on taxonomy and eco-physiology of invertebrates and fishes at the sea bed of the eastern Weddell Sea. EPOS was meant to provide Antarctic research opportunities to European countries with little experience in Southern Ocean studies and to foster the exchange of knowledge and ideas between European marine biologists of different scientific background and interests. Therefore, the teams of the various projects on board were normally multi-national in order to ensure a maximum of interaction. This has been continued in a number of post-expedition workshops and by international fellowships

  15. CryoVEx 2011-12 Airborne Campaigns for CryoSat Validation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skourup, Henriette; Hvidegaard, Sine Munk; Forsberg, René;

    2013-01-01

    After the successful launch of CryoSat-2 in April 2010, the first direct validation campaign of the satellite was carried out in the April-May 2011. Part of this was repeated in Spring 2012. DTU Space has been involved in ESA’s CryoSat Validation Experiment (CryoVEx) with airborne activities since...... 2003. To validate the performance of the CryoSat-2 radar altimeter (SIRAL), the aircraft is equipped with an airborne version of the SIRAL altimeter (ASIRAS) together with a laser scanner. Of particular interest is to study the penetration depth of SIRAL into both land- and sea ice. This can be done...... of Alert and sea ice around Svalbard in the Fram Strait. Selected tracks were planned to match CryoSat-2 passes and a few of them were flown in formation flight with the AlfredWegener Institute (AWI) Polar- 5 carrying an EM induction sounder. The paper presents an overview of the 2011-12 airborne campaigns...

  16. Seasonal sea ice predictions for the Arctic based on assimilation of remotely sensed observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauker, F.; Kaminski, T.; Ricker, R.; Toudal-Pedersen, L.; Dybkjaer, G.; Melsheimer, C.; Eastwood, S.; Sumata, H.; Karcher, M.; Gerdes, R.

    2015-10-01

    The recent thinning and shrinking of the Arctic sea ice cover has increased the interest in seasonal sea ice forecasts. Typical tools for such forecasts are numerical models of the coupled ocean sea ice system such as the North Atlantic/Arctic Ocean Sea Ice Model (NAOSIM). The model uses as input the initial state of the system and the atmospheric boundary condition over the forecasting period. This study investigates the potential of remotely sensed ice thickness observations in constraining the initial model state. For this purpose it employs a variational assimilation system around NAOSIM and the Alfred Wegener Institute's CryoSat-2 ice thickness product in conjunction with the University of Bremen's snow depth product and the OSI SAF ice concentration and sea surface temperature products. We investigate the skill of predictions of the summer ice conditions starting in March for three different years. Straightforward assimilation of the above combination of data streams results in slight improvements over some regions (especially in the Beaufort Sea) but degrades the over-all fit to independent observations. A considerable enhancement of forecast skill is demonstrated for a bias correction scheme for the CryoSat-2 ice thickness product that uses a spatially varying scaling factor.

  17. In Brief: European cooperation in polar research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2009-07-01

    A new European Polar Framework agreement aims to increase research cooperation, streamline links between many European national research programs in the Arctic and Antarctic, and possibly create international research teams similar to the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. The new framework includes commitments to collaborate on new multinational research initiatives and to have national polar programs converge where appropriate. “Recent environmental shifts in the poles have been large and rapid. By linking together Europe's polar research more closely we can get a better grasp on the wide-ranging series of changes taking place,” said Paul Egerton, executive director of the European Science Foundation's European Polar Board, which aims to facilitate cooperation among various organizations. The agreement was signed on 24 June by 26 European scientific institutions, including the British Antarctic Survey; the Agency of Culture, Education, Research and the Church Affairs, Greenland; the Alfred-Wegener-Institut für Polar- und Meeresforschung, Germany; Italy's Programma Nazionale di Ricerche in Antartide; Norway's Norsk Polarinstitutt; and the Romanian Antarctic Foundation.

  18. Honors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anonymous

    2012-05-01

    A number of AGU members were honored during the European Geosciences Union's (EGU) General Assembly, held on 22-27 April in Vienna. EGU Union awards were presented to the following people: Vincent Courtillot, University of Paris Diderot, France, received the 2012 Arthur Holmes Medal and EGU honorary membership for seminal contributions to geomagnetism and the geodynamics of mantle hot spots.Michael Ghil, University of California, Los Angeles, and École Normale Supérieure, France, received the 2012 Alfred Wegener Medal and EGU honorary membership for his leading contributions to theoretical climate dynamics; his innovative observational studies involving model assimilation of satellite data in meteorology, oceanography, and space physics; the breadth of his interdisciplinary studies, including macroeconomics; and his extensive supervision and mentoring of scores of graduate and postdoctoral students. Robin Clarke, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, received the 2012 Alexander von Humboldt Medal for fundamental contributions in statistical analysis and modeling of hydrological processes.Angioletta Coradini, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofsica, Italy, received the 2012 Jean Dominique Cassini Medal and EGU honorary membership in recognition of her important and wide range of work in planetary sciences and solar system formation and for her leading role in the development of space infrared instrumentation for planetary exploration.

  19. Modelling mid-Pliocene climate with COSMOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Stepanek

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this manuscript we describe the experimental procedure employed at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany in the preparation of the simulations for the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project (PlioMIP. We present a description of the utilized Community Earth System Models (COSMOS, version: COSMOS-landveg r2413, 2009 and document the procedures that we applied to transfer the Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping (PRISM Project mid-Pliocene reconstruction into model forcing fields. The model setup and spin-up procedure are described for both the paleo- and preindustrial (PI time slices of PlioMIP experiments 1 and 2, and general results that depict the performance of our model setup for mid-Pliocene conditions are presented. The mid-Pliocene, as simulated with our COSMOS setup and PRISM boundary conditions, is both warmer and wetter in the global mean than the PI. The globally averaged annual mean surface air temperature in the mid-Pliocene standalone atmosphere (fully coupled atmosphere-ocean simulation is 17.35 °C (17.82 °C, which implies a warming of 2.23 °C (3.40 °C relative to the respective PI control simulation.

  20. Acoustic monitoring in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, using hydrophone of the Ocean Bottom Seismometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yun, Sukyoung; Lee, Won Sang; Kuk Hong, Jong; Yoo, Hyun Jae; Park, Yongcheol; Schmidt-Aursch, Mechita; Geissler, Wolfram H.

    2016-04-01

    Although a number of active source seismic experiments have been conducted over the last few decades to investigate the crustal structure in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, long-term observation to monitor underwater tectonic activities and changes in the cryospheric environment still remains challenging due to existence of sea ice in the study region. Korea Polar Research Institute has accomplished successful deployment of ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) in the Ross Sea collaborating with Alfred Wegener Institute during the period of 2011-2012 and 2014 by Korean icebreaker RV Araon. The OBS system manufactured by K.U.M. contains a hydrophone sensor that allow us to monitor underwater acoustics generated by tectonic and ice-related events. We present spectrograms of the continuous hydroacoustic data and various types of signals, e.g. seismic T-waves, iceequakes, and tremors. There are periodic and harmonic tremors that might be related with tidal modulation, and the seasonal variation of the background noise seems to be related with sea ice concentration.

  1. Los psicólogos hispanoparlantes y la teoría de Alfred Adler en la revista Internationale Zeitschrift fuer Individualpsychologie (1914-1937

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón León

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente comunicación trata de la recepción de la producción de autores españoles y latinoamericanos (entre 1914 y 1927 en las páginas de la Intemationale Zeitschriftfür Individualpsychologie, la revista oficial del movimiento adleriano. Lydia Sicher fue la más activa recensionadora de la literatura en español. Oliver Brachfeld, que después emigraría a América Latina, fue también un prolífico colaborador en la Zeitschrift. Las formas que asumió la difusión de la producción de los autores latinoamericanos y el destino de las ideas de Adler en esta parte del mundo son objeto de un breve comentario.

  2. Enlightenment of Alfred Adler's compensation theory on psychology teaching%阿德勒补偿理论对心理教学的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾楠; 袁罗牙

    2010-01-01

    借助某一先天要素对学生做出单向评定普遍存在于教学当中,该评定方式的非科学性、不确定性和负效用不容忽视;阿德勒补偿理论启发教学主体辩证看待先天要素在教学中的地位,正确认识和处理实然与应然、现实逆境与主观努力、消极悲观与积极乐观、高峰体验与高原体验的辩证关系.

  3. The ANCA Vasculitis Questionnaire (AAV-PRO©)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-10

    Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss) (EGPA); Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS); Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Wegener's) (GPA); Wegener Granulomatosis (WG); Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA); ANCA-Associated Vasculitis (AAV); Vasculitis

  4. Kane Basin, Nares-Strait: Strike-slip induced sediment deformation along the coastline of Ellesmere Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrhardt, A.; Schnabel, M.; Damm, V.

    2015-12-01

    The nature of the Nares-Strait (NS), a seaway between Greenland and Ellesmere Island, is important to understand the plate tectonic history of the Arctic region. As it is clear that rifting and seafloor spreading took place between Greenland and Baffin Island, it is unclear how the extension was compensated between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Already Alfred Wegener suggested some kind of left lateral transform fault along the NS, a straight seaway separating the Greenland Plate from the North American Plate, nowadays proposed as the Wegener-Fault. Plate tectonic reconstruction models require a transform fault for the compensation of several hundred km of extension and seafloor spreading from Late Cretaceous to Eocene times. However, land geological data do not support this thesis and let assume that no lateral displacement occurred between Greenland and Ellesmere Island. With the formation of the recent Midatlantic Ridge System between Greenland and Europe since the early Eocene, the western branch became inactive and consequently the proposed transform fault, too. Northeast motion of Greenland replaced the left lateral transform and caused compression. The inactive transform fault was overprinted and as a consequence it was altered, probably displaced and is difficult to recognize. The Kane Basin is one of a series of basins that are aligned along the NS. It resembles probably a pull-apart basin following the approach that NS developed as transform fault. This paper presents insight into the Kane Basin by means of 2D seismic data, sonobuoy data, gravity and magnetic data acquired during surveys of BGR in 2001 and 2010. The eastern Kane Basin is characterized by a deeper rim and a more shallow central part. Most of it is floored by Proterozoic crust without any sediment on top of it. Only in the western part of the Kane Basin a sedimentary infill can be recorded which terminates with an erosional truncation on to the seafloor. Because of the mapped sediment and

  5. Aanwezigheid en gebruik van autogordels 1971 t/m 1977 : verslag enquêtes gehouden onder bestuurders van personenauto's op wegen binnen en buiten de bebouwde kom (Rapport + bijlagen).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholtens, H.P. Varkevisser, G.A. Arnoldus, J.G. & Stolk, J

    1979-01-01

    Results are presented of interviews held by the Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research SWOV during the years 1971-1977 on the presence and use of safety belts. The interviews with car drivers were held at petrol stations both inside and outside built-up areas. During the period the introduction of

  6. Rezension von: Laura Adamietz: Geschlecht als Erwartung. Das Geschlechtsdiskriminierungsverbot als Recht gegen Diskriminierung wegen der sexuellen Orientierung und der Geschlechtsidentität. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anson Koch-Rein

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Laura Adamietz präsentiert in ihrer Dissertation eine präzise Analyse deutschen und internationalen Antidiskriminierungsrechts und bestehender Rechtsprechung in Sachen Geschlecht, sexuelle Orientierung und Geschlechtsidentität. Verbunden wird dies mit einem – nicht nur für ein juristisches Publikum lohnenden – Überblick über einschlägige, aber in der gängigen Rechtsauslegung unzureichend berücksichtigte geschlechterwissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse. Auf dieser Grundlage entwickelt die Autorin eine Auslegung des antidiskriminierungsrechtlichen Begriffs ‚Geschlecht‘ als „Geschlecht als Erwartung“, wodurch dieser gleichzeitig Komplexität und Anwendbarkeit gewinnt. Die Verbindung von theoretischer Sorgfalt, interdisziplinärer Perspektive und Lösungsorientierung ist ein zentrales Verdienst dieses Buches.

  7. Wegdekstroefheid en verkeersongevallen : een onderzoek naar het verband tussen wegdekstroefheid en het relatieve aantal verkeersongevallen op verschillende typen en vormen wegen buiten de bebouwde kom in de provincie Noord-Brabant.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tromp, J.P.M. Doornekamp, J. & Bos, J.M.J.

    1984-01-01

    A study has been made into the relationship between road surface unevenness and the relative number of traffic accidents on different kinds of roads outside the built-up area in the province of Noord-Brabant. There exists a statistical relation between the road surface unevenness and traffic accide

  8. Wine, words and action. China's attempts to stop the European antidumping proceedings; Wein, Wort und Gegenwehr. In China wird auf vielen Wegen versucht, das europaeische Antidumping-Verfahren zu stoppen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartsch, Bernhard; Eleuteri, Stefano

    2012-11-15

    Chinese manufacturers of solar modules are in fear of losing their biggest market as a consequence of the European antidumping proceedings. In an attempt to protect them, Chinese politicians are now threatening to start a trade war that will go far beyond the solar industry. In spite of the efforts of German chancellor Angela Merkel, the prospects for a compromise are not good.

  9. Veiligheid op wegen buiten de bebouwde kom : samenvatting van het OECD-raport `Safety strategies for rural roads' en toepassingsmogelijkheden voor de Nederlandse situatie. In opdracht van het Directoraat-Generaal Rijkswaterstaat, Adviesdienst Verkeer en Vervoer AVV.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schagen, I.N.L.G. van & Wegman, F.C.M.

    1999-01-01

    During the period 1997/98, an OECD Scientific Expert Group produced a report about road safety on rural non-motorways and the possibilities of improvement. This report attempted to approach the problem as broadly as possible, in order to enable all the (very divergent) OECD member states to apply it

  10. „Abgeschoben in die Marginalität“ - Eine empirische Untersuchung zur problematischen Eingliederung der wegen Straffälligkeit aus Deutschland abgeschobenen türkischen Staatsangehörigen in der türkischen Gesellschaft

    OpenAIRE

    Bös, Markus

    2010-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit zeigt anhand von Einzelfällen, welche Probleme und Folgen eine Ausweisung und/oder Abschiebung von kriminell gewordenen Angehörigen der sogenannten zweiten Generation türkischer Staatsangehöriger im Hinblick auf deren Eingliederung in die türkische Gesellschaft mit sich bringt.rnDem Bereich der Ausweisung und/oder Abschiebung – beides Formen von Zwangsmigration – ausländischer Staatsangehöriger in ihr Herkunftsland wurde bislang im weiten Feld der Integrationsforschung ...

  11. Environmentally acceptable mobility in Europe: New strategies for passenger and goods transport. A contribution to ecologically compatible mobility. Documentation; Umweltgerecht mobil in Europa: Menschen und Gueter auf neuen Wegen. Ein Beitrag zur oekologisch vertraeglichen Mobilitaet. Dokumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Link, F.G. [Akademie fuer Natur- und Umweltschutz beim Ministerium fuer Umwelt und Verkehr des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany); Diekmann, P.; Holzwarth, J. [comps.] [Ministerium fuer Umwelt und Verkehr des Landes Baden-Wuerttemberg, Stuttgart (Germany)

    1998-11-01

    The traffic sector, with its transport systems and structures which for the most part are not ecologically acceptable, is a significant obstacle to sustainable development. As a contribution to a future-orientated, optimized consideration of both the need for mobility and the necessity of environmental protection, this volume presents big and small steps that can be taken to prevent traffic from the view of politicians, practicians and scientists in the field of passenger and goods transport. (orig.)

  12. ESSReS-PEP-POLMAR, an international and interdisciplinary postgraduate education concept on Earth and Environmental Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meggers, Helge; Hanfland, Claudia; Sprengel, Claudia; Grosfeld, Klaus; Lohmann, Gerrit; Bijma, Jelle; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, Annette; Burrows, John

    2014-05-01

    Postgraduate education is gaining increasing importance and has been identified as one instrument to foster quality and promote networking, both in research and in education. Exchange and co-operation between graduate programmes that have related topics produce added value for all. Students have access to a range of research facilities, course offers, and a broad scientific community from which they can start building their individual scientific network. Larger events like PhD conferences, career symposia or cost-intensive trainings are more easily tackled by joining forces of various players. The postgraduate programmes ESSReS-PEP-POLMAR are part of a larger network of marine and climate science programmes in the north-western region of Germany and together host up 180 (23 ESSReS, 130 POLMAR, 30 PEP) PhD/Master students in their respective programmes. Here, we will present a number of joint activities from this collaboration. Today, the PhD education is completely different to that from 15 years ago due to a variety of different scientific offerings including e.g. excursions, soft skill courses and special seminars. In the framework of the ESSReS-PEP-POLMAR concept the Postgraduate Programme Environmental Physics (PEP) at the University of Bremen educates the participants on the complex relationship between atmosphere, hydrosphere (ocean), cryosphere (ice region) and solid earth (land). Here, the learning of experimental methods in environmental physics at the most advanced level, numerical data analysis using supercomputers, and data interpretation via sophisticated methods prepare students for a scientific career. Within cooperation with the Ocean University of China (OUC) students are participating one year in the PEP programme during their master studies since 2006, to get finally a double degree of both universities. Two different ways to further graduation are currently possible at the Alfred Wegener Institute. The Helmholtz Graduate School for Polar and

  13. The Dark Side of the Earth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankel, Henry

    1986-10-01

    Wood's The Dark Side of the Earth is another addition to the growing list of books on the recent revolution in the earth sciences. Wood rightly points out that any new book on the topic should break new ground. In the preface, he writes of himself and his book that he has benefited from previous accounts by saving himself research time, and that his book, unlike others, “attempts to tell one complete story of the study of the Earth, geologists, geophysicists, dreamers and all” (p. vi). Wood is ambitious, for his work covers much of 19th-century geology as well as the development, reception, rejection, and eventual acceptance of mobilist ideas. Before discussing the work of the German meteorologist and geophysicist Alfred L. Wegener, American glacial geomorphologist Frank Taylor, and several of their predecessors who proposed “mobilist” ideas, he manages to string together brief descriptions of the contributions of (among others) German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner, British geologists James Hutten and John Playfair, British engineer William Smith, British geologist Charles Lyell, American geologists James Hall and James Dwight Dana, British volcanologist William Lowthian Green, American geologist Grove Karl Gilbert, French geologist Elie de Beaumont, British geologist and mathematician Osmond Fisher, American geologist Clarence Dutton, British mathematician and physicist Lord Kelvin, Austrian geologist Eduard Suess, French geologist Marcel Bertrand, and American geologist Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin. Moreover, Wood offers an interesting thesis about the revolution in the earth sciences. He claims that the real revolution was not the replacement of fixist views with the mobilist ones of sea floor spreading and plate tectonics, but rather the replacement of geology with the new discipline of the earth sciences in which geophysics and geochemistry play the central role.

  14. Interaction of mid-latitude air masses with the polar dome area during RACEPAC and NETCARE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozem, Heiko; Hoor, Peter; Koellner, Franziska; Kunkel, Daniel; Schneider, Johannes; Schulz, Christiane; Herber, Andreas; Borrmann, Stephan; Wendisch, Manfred; Ehrlich, Andre; Leaitch, Richard; Willis, Megan; Burkart, Julia; Thomas, Jennie; Abbatt, Jon

    2016-04-01

    We present aircraft based trace gas measurements in the Arctic during RACEPAC (2014) and NETCARE (2014 and 2015) with the Polar 6 aircraft of Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) covering an area from 134°W to 17°W and 68°N to 83°N. We focus on cloud, aerosol and general transport processes of polluted air masses into the high Arctic. Based on CO and CO2 measurements and kinematic 10-day back trajectories as well as Flexpart particle dispersion modeling we analyze the transport regimes of mid-latitude air masses traveling to the high Arctic prevalent during spring (RACEPAC 2014, NETCARE 2015) and summer (NETCARE 2014). In general more northern parts of the high Arctic (Lat > 75°N) were relatively unaffected from mid-latitude air masses. In contrast, regions further south are influenced by air masses from Asia and Russia (eastern part of Canadian Arctic and European Arctic) as well as from North America (central and western parts of Canadian Arctic). The transition between the mostly isolated high Arctic and more southern regions indicated by tracer gradients is remarkably sharp. This allows for a chemical definition of the Polar dome based on the variability of CO and CO2 as a marker. Isentropic surfaces that slope from the surface to higher altitudes in the high Arctic form the polar dome that represents a transport barrier for mid-latitude air masses to enter the lower troposphere in the high Arctic. Synoptic-scale weather systems frequently disturb this transport barrier and foster the exchange between air masses from the mid-latitudes and polar regions. This can finally lead to enhanced pollution levels in the lower polar troposphere. Mid-latitude pollution plumes from biomass burning or flaring entering the polar dome area lead to an enhancement of 30% of the observed CO mixing ratio within the polar dome area.

  15. A consistent data set of Antarctic ice sheet topography, cavity geometry, and global bathymetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Timmermann

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sub-ice shelf circulation and freezing/melting rates in ocean general circulation models depend critically on an accurate and consistent representation of cavity geometry. Existing global or pan-Antarctic topography data sets have turned out to contain various inconsistencies and inaccuracies. The goal of this work is to compile independent regional surveys and maps into a global data set. We use the S-2004 global 1-min bathymetry as the backbone and add an improved version of the BEDMAP topography (ALBMAP bedrock topography for an area that roughly coincides with the Antarctic continental shelf. The position of the merging line is individually chosen in different sectors in order to capture the best of both data sets. High-resolution gridded data for ice shelf topography and cavity geometry of the Amery, Fimbul, Filchner-Ronne, Larsen C and George VI Ice Shelves, and for Pine Island Glacier are carefully merged into the ambient ice and ocean topographies. Multibeam survey data for bathymetry in the former Larsen B cavity and the southeastern Bellingshausen Sea have been obtained from the data centers of Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI, British Antarctic Survey (BAS and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO, gridded, and blended into the existing bathymetry map. The resulting global 1-min Refined Topography data set (RTopo-1 contains self-consistent maps for upper and lower ice surface heights, bedrock topography, and surface type (open ocean, grounded ice, floating ice, bare land surface. The data set is available in NetCDF format from the PANGAEA database at doi:10.1594/pangaea.741917.

  16. 30 years of upper air soundings on board of R/V POLARSTERN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Driemel, Amelie; Loose, Bernd; Grobe, Hannes; Sieger, Rainer; König-Langlo, Gert

    2016-06-01

    The research vessel and supply icebreaker POLARSTERN is the flagship of the Alfred-Wegener-Institut in Bremerhaven (Germany) and one of the infrastructural pillars of German Antarctic research. Since its commissioning in 1982, POLARSTERN has conducted 30 campaigns to Antarctica (157 legs, mostly austral summer), and 29 to the Arctic (94 legs, northern summer). Usually, POLARSTERN is more than 300 days per year in operation and crosses the Atlantic Ocean in a meridional section twice a year. The first radiosonde on POLARSTERN was released on the 29 December 1982, 2 days after POLARSTERN started on its maiden voyage to the Antarctic. And these daily soundings have continued up to the present. Due to the fact that POLARSTERN has reliably and regularly been providing upper air observations from data sparse regions (oceans and polar regions), the radiosonde data are of special value for researchers and weather forecast services alike. In the course of 30 years (29 December 1982 to 25 November 2012) a total of 12 378 radiosonde balloons were started on POLARSTERN. All radiosonde data can now be found at König-Langlo (2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.810000" target="_blank">doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.810000). Each data set contains the directly measured parameters air temperature, relative humidity and air pressure, and the derived altitude, wind direction and wind speed. 432 data sets additionally contain ozone measurements.Although more sophisticated techniques (meteorological satellites, aircraft observation, remote-sensing systems, etc.) have nowadays become increasingly important, the high vertical resolution and quality of radiosonde data remains paramount for weather forecasts and modelling approaches.

  17. FRAM - FRontiers in Arctic marine Monitoring: Permanent Observations in a Gateway to the Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soltwedel, Thomas

    2015-04-01

    Our ability to understand the complex interactions of biological, chemical, physical, and geological processes in the ocean is still limited by the lack of integrative and interdisciplinary observation infrastructures. The main purpose of the open-ocean infrastructure FRAM (FRontiers in Arctic marine Monitoring) is permanent presence at sea, from surface to depth, for the provision of near real-time data on climate variability and ecosystem change in an Arctic marine environment. The Alfred-Wegener-Institut I Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung (AWI), together with partner institutes in Germany and Europe, aims at providing such infrastructure for the polar ocean as a major contribution to international efforts towards comprehensive Global Earth Observation. The FRAM Ocean Observing System targets the gateway between the North Atlantic and the Central Arctic, representing a highly climate-sensitive and rapidly changing region of the Earth system. It will serve national and international tasks towards a better understanding of the effects of change in ocean circulation, water mass properties and sea-ice retreat on Arctic marine ecosystems and their main functions and services. FRAM integrates and develops already existing observatories, i.e. the oceanographic mooring array HAFOS (Hybrid Arctic/Antarctic Float Observing System) and the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) site HAUSGARTEN. It will implement existing and next-generation sensors and observatory platforms, allowing synchronous observation of relevant ocean variables, as well as the study of physical, chemical and biological processes in the water column and at the seafloor. Experimental and event-triggered platforms will complement observational platforms. Products of the infrastructure are continuous long-term data with appropriate resolution in space and time, as well as ground-truthing information for ocean models and remote sensing.

  18. Polar stratospheric clouds over Finland in the 2012/2013 Arctic winter measured by two Raman lidars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Anne; Giannakaki, Eleni; Kivi, Rigel; Schrems, Otto; Immler, Franz; Komppula, Mika

    2013-04-01

    Already in December 2012, the Arctic stratospheric vortex reached temperatures sufficiently low for polar stratospheric cloud (PSC) formation over wide areas of Northern Europe and whole Finland. Within Finland, stratospheric aerosol lidar measurements have been and are performed with two Raman lidar systems, the PollyXT, owned by the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) and situated well below the Arctic circle close to Kuopio (63 N, 27 E) and the MARL lidar owned by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), and situated at the FMI Arctic Research Centre in Sodankylä (67 N, 26 E). The PollyXT has been designed as an autonomous tropospheric lidar system, but it has proven to be able to detect aerosol backscatter and depolarization at least as high up as 25 km. Measurements are ongoing as far as low clouds allow for stratospheric analysis with both lidars until the end of PSC season in February. For the winter 2012/2013, PSC occurrence frequency, types and characteristics will be determined. Comparative analysis with Calipso lidar profiles covering Finland will be performed. Preliminary results from December 17-24 show PSCs detected in Kuopio during seven days with the PollyXT lidar. The altitude of the clouds varied in the range of 17-25 km. In Sodankylä the measurements were running on one day during the period and PSCs were observed between altitudes 17-25 km. For the same time period (December 17-24, 2012) CALIPSO has observed stratospheric layers at all overpasses over Finland (9 tracks on five days). The clouds were observed between 18.5 and 26 km, with varying geometric and optical thickness.

  19. Critical Fracture Toughness Measurements of an Antarctic Ice Core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christmann, Julia; Müller, Ralf; Webber, Kyle; Isaia, Daniel; Schader, Florian; Kippstuhl, Sepp; Freitag, Johannes; Humbert, Angelika

    2014-05-01

    Fracture toughness is a material parameter describing the resistance of a pre-existing defect in a body to further crack extension. The fracture toughness of glacial ice as a function of density is important for modeling efforts aspire to predict calving behavior. In the presented experiments this fracture toughness is measured using an ice core from Kohnen Station, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica. The samples were sawed in an ice lab at the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven at -20°C and had the dimensions of standard test samples with thickness 14 mm, width 28 mm and length 126 mm. The samples originate from a depth of 94.6 m to 96 m. The grain size of the samples was also identified. The grain size was found to be rather uniform. The critical fracture toughness is determined in a four-point bending approach using single edge V-notch beam samples. The initial notch length was around 2.5 mm and was prepared using a drilling machine. The experimental setup was designed at the Institute of Materials Science at Darmstadt. In this setup the force increases linearly, until the maximum force is reached, where the specific sample fractures. This procedure was done in an ice lab with a temperature of -15°C. The equations to calculate the fracture toughness for pure bending are derived from an elastic stress analysis and are given as a standard test method to detect the fracture toughness. An X-ray computer tomography (CT scanner) was used to determine the ice core densities. The tests cover densities from 843 kg m-3 to 871 kg m-3. Thereby the influence of the fracture toughness on the density was analyzed and compared to previous investigations of this material parameter. Finally the dependence of the measured toughness on thickness, width, and position in the core cross-section was investigated.

  20. RTOPO-1: A consistent dataset for Antarctic ice shelf topography and global ocean bathymetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmermann, Ralph

    2010-05-01

    Sub-ice shelf circulation and freezing/melting rates depend critically on an accurate and consistent representation of cavity geometry (i.e. ice-shelf draft and ocean bathymetry). Existing global or pan-Antarctic data sets have turned out to contain various inconsistencies and inaccuracies. The goal of this work is to compile independent regional fields into a global data set. We use the S-2004 global 1-minute bathymetry as the backbone and add an improved version of the BEDMAP topography for an area that roughly coincides with the Antarctic continental shelf. Locations of the merging line have been carefully adjusted in order to get the best out of each data set. High-resolution gridded data for the Amery, Fimbul, Filchner-Ronne, Larsen C and George VI Ice Shelves and for Pine Island Glacier have been carefully merged into the ambient ice and ocean topographies. Multibeam ship survey data for bathymetry in the former Larsen B cavity and the southeastern Bellingshausen Sea have been obtained from the data centers of Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI), British Antarctic Survey (BAS) and Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO), gridded, and again carefully merged into the existing bathymetry map. The resulting global 1-minute data set contains consistent masks for open ocean, grounded ice, floating ice, and bare land surface. The Ice Shelf Cavern Geometry Team: Anne Le Brocq, Tara Deen, Eugene Domack, Pierre Dutrieux, Ben Galton-Fenzi, Dorothea Graffe, Hartmut Hellmer, Angelika Humbert, Daniela Jansen, Adrian Jenkins, Astrid Lambrecht, Keith Makinson, Fred Niederjasper, Frank Nitsche, Ole Anders Nøst, Lars Henrik Smedsrud, and Walter Smith

  1. On the importance for climate science communication - the climate office for polar regions and sea level rise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treffeisen, Renate; Lemke, Peter; Dethloff, Klaus

    2010-05-01

    Climate change presents a major challenge for national and international action and cooperation. A wide variation in the vulnerability is to be expected across different regions, due to regional differences in local environmental conditions, preexisting stresses to ecosystems, current resource-use patterns, and the framework of factors affecting decision-making including government policies, prices, preferences, and values. Thus, considerable regional impact differences will be faced as a result of climate change. Being aware will help to prepare for these inevitable consequences in time. Climate change is nowhere more strongly expressed than in the polar regions which respond to even small changes in climate. Given the major role played by these regions within the Earth's climate system the climate office for polar regions and sea level rise is hosted by the Foundation Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) which conducts research in the Arctic, the Antarctic and at temperate latitudes since 1980. The major goal of the climate office is to encourage the communication and dialogue between science and public. Primarily, this is done by the unique close contact and cooperation to the research center scientists. A continuous exchange is supported beyond the research center towards universities and authorities at state and federal level. The climate office represents polar aspects of climate related research based on the scientific expertise from the hosting research institute e.g. the understanding of the ocean-ice-atmosphere interactions, the animal and plant kingdoms of the Arctic and Antarctic, and the evolution of the polar continents and seas. The climate office translates the scientific work into English, making complex issues accessible to policymakers and the public. It compiles, evaluates, comprehensively process and transparently communicate the latest findings from polar related climate research. The paper will present different

  2. Aircraft observations of ultrafine particles and CCN from the boundary layer to the free troposphere in the Arctic summertime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burkart, Julia; Willis, Megan; Bozem, Heiko; Hoor, Peter; Köllner, Franziska; Schneider, Johannes; Brauner, Ralf; Konrad, Christian; Herber, Andreas; Leaitch, Richard; Abbatt, Jon

    2016-04-01

    The Arctic is one of the regions most sensitive to climate change. The shrinking extent of sea ice during the Arctic summertime increases the area covered by open ocean, which likely impacts Arctic aerosol, cloud properties, and thus climate. In this context extensive aerosol measurements (aerosol composition, particle number and size, cloud condensation nuclei, and trace gases) have been made during the NETCARE 2014 summer campaign from the Polar 6 aircraft. The Polar 6 is an adopted DC-3 aircraft owned by the Alfred Wegener Institute in Bremerhaven, Germany. In July 2014 eleven flights were conducted out of Resolute Bay. Flights included vertical profiles from as low as 60 m up to 3 km, as well as several low-level flights covering diverse terrains such as open ocean, fast ice, melt ponds, and polynyas. Here we discuss the vertical distribution of ultrafine particles (UFP, dp: 5 - 20 nm), size distributions of larger particles (dp: 20 nm to 1 μm), and cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) in relation to different meteorological conditions and terrains. UFPs have been observed predominantly within the boundary layer, where concentrations reached several hundreds and occasionally even a few thousand particles per cubic centimeter. Highest concentrations were observed above open ocean and at the top of low-level clouds. During such events, the dominant mode of the size distribution was below 20 nm. However, in a few cases this ultrafine mode extended to sizes larger than 40 nm, suggesting that these UFP can grow into the CCN size range and thereby impact cloud properties and become climatically relevant.

  3. Ground-based lidar measurements from Ny-Ålesund during ASTAR 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Herber

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available During the Arctic Study of Tropospheric Aerosol, Clouds and Radiation (ASTAR in March and April 2007, measurements obtained at the AWIPEV Arctic Research Base in Ny-Ålesund, Spitsbergen at 78.9° N, 11.9° E (operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research – AWI and the Institut polaire français Paul-Emile Victor – IPEV, supported the airborne campaign. This included lidar data from the Koldewey Aerosol Raman Lidar (KARL and the Micro Pulse Lidar (MPL, located in the atmospheric observatory as well as photometer data and the daily launched radiosonde. The MPL features nearly continuous measurements; the KARL was switched on whenever weather conditions allowed observations (145 h in 61 days. From 1 March to 30 April, 71 meteorological balloon soundings were performed and compared with the concurrent MPL measurements; photometer measurements are available from 18 March. For the KARL data, a statistical overview of particle detection based on their optical properties backscatter ratio and volume depolarization can be given. The altitudes of the occurrence of the named features (subvisible and visible ice and water as well as mixed-phase clouds, aerosol layers as well as their dependence on different air mass origins are analyzed. Although the spring 2007 was characterized by rather clean conditions, diverse case studies of cloud and aerosol occurrence during March and April 2007 are presented in more detail, including temporal development and main optical properties as depolarization, backscatter and extinction coefficients. Links between air mass origins and optical properties can be presumed but need further evidence.

  4. A study of the stable boundary layer in strong gap flows in northwest Greenland using a research aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinemann, Günther; Drüe, Clemens

    2016-04-01

    Gap flows and the stable boundary layer (SBL) were studied in northwest Greenland during the aircraft-based experiment IKAPOS (Investigation of Katabatic winds and Polynyas during Summer) in June 2010. The measurements were performed using the research aircraft POLAR 5 of Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI, Bremerhaven). Besides navigational and basic meteorological instrumentation, the aircraft was equipped with radiation and surface temperature sensors, two laser altimeters, and video and digital cameras. In order to determine turbulent heat and momentum fluxes, POLAR 5 was instrumented with a turbulence measurement system collecting data on a nose boom with a sampling rate of 100 Hz. In the area of the Nares Strait a stable, but fully turbulent boundary layer with strong winds of 15 m s-1 to 20 m s-1 was found during conditions of relatively warm synoptically induced northerly winds through the Nares Strait. Strong surface inversions were present in the lowest 100 m to 200 m. As a consequence of channeling effects a well-pronounced low-level jet (LLJ) system was documented. The channeling process is consistent with gap flow theory and can be shown to occur at the topographic gap between Greenland and Canada represented by the Smith Sound. While the flow through the gap and over the surrounding mountains leads to the lowering of isotropic surfaces and the acceleration of the flow, the strong turbulence associated with the LLJ leads to the development of an internal thermal SBL past the gap. Turbulence statistics in this fully turbulent SBL can be shown to follow the local scaling behaviour.

  5. ANALYZING THE INTERNET ADDICTION DISEASE FORM THE ANGLE OF INDIVIDUAL PSYCHOLOGY OF ALFRED ADLER%从个体心理学的角度分析网络综合症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡治

    2002-01-01

    运用个案研究的方法,将阿德勒的个体心理学理论用于分析网络综合症患者的人格与行为特征,发现网络综合症患者存在类自卑情结,他们对网络的依赖是一种畸形的超补偿现象,实质是通过网络来发展自己的优越感.由此提出两种治疗方法,一是鼓励患者在现实生活中发展优越感;二是塑造患者正常的生活格调,帮助其发展和认识社会兴趣.

  6. 挑战自卑——由阿德勒的个体心理学谈自卑感%What Life Should Mean to YOU——A research on inferiority based on Alfred Adler's individual psychology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左小妮

    2009-01-01

    每个人都有不同程度的自卑感,心理学家阿德勒对自卑感提出了自己创造性的解释.文章依据阿德勒的个体心理学对自卑感的由来、自卑感的作用及生活风格与自卑情结的关系等加以论述.

  7. 从阿德勒的个体心理学谈成人高校学生的教育%On the Education of Adult University Students from the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧娜

    2010-01-01

    阿德勒是20世纪奥地利著名精神病学家,个体心理学的创始人,人本心理学的先驱.个体心理学理论包括自卑感与补偿作用理论、追求优越理论、生活风格理论、社会兴趣理论和创造性自我理论.本文在阐述个体心理学理论的基础上,提出了其对成人高校学生的教育的启示.

  8. 阿尔弗雷德·阿德勒:促进人类精神发展的里程碑式的心理学家%Alfred Adler--Psychologist Who Promote Humanity Spirit Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周东滨

    2005-01-01

    进步的思想既是人类文化的宝贵财富,又是人类向着光明未来不断前进的内在强大动力.本文运用马克思主义哲学观点,在辩证地批判地分析西方心理学家阿德勒的心理学理论的基础上,通过论述其心理学思想中的进步因素,剖析其不合理的内容,试图为增进人类的健康和幸福提供一点心理学依据.

  9. Alfred kardinál Bengsch a Franz kardinál König. Církevní představitelé z německého jazykového prostoru

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šebek, Jaroslav

    Brno : CDK Centrum pro studium demokracie a kultury, 2010 - (Balík, S.; Hanuš, J.), s. 147-162 ISBN 978-80-7325-225-0 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : Church history * Communism * Central Europe 1945-1989 Subject RIV: AB - History

  10. On two reports associated with James Wood-Mason and Alfred William Alcock published by the Indian Museum and the Indian Marine Survey between 1890 and 1891: implications for malacostracan nomenclature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huys, Rony; Low, Martyn E Y; De Grave, Sammy; Ng, Peter K L; Clark, Paul F

    2014-01-01

    Two rare documents associated with the Indian Museum and the Indian Marine Survey for the administrative year April 1890 to March 1891 have been examined and found to have nomenclatural consequences for malacostracan crustaceans. Even though they constitute available published works according to the International Code for Zoological Nomenclature, these reports have rarely been cited. Dating these two publications is of importance as they make decapod scientific names available and, in a few instances, describe the same taxa. After searching the collections deposited in the Asian and African Room, British Library, the Administration Report of the Indian Marine for the year April 1890 to March 1891 could be dated with some degree of certainty as 25 August 1891. In contrast, dating the Indian Museum Annual Report proved more difficult because after examination of copies held by the General Library in the Natural History Museum, London, it was evident that not all of these reports were consistently published on time to meet an end of year deadline. However, the publication of volume XXII of the Indian Museum Annual Report for the year April 1890 to March 1891 appeared to be contemporary with the year printed at the bottom of the title page. As no exact date could be established with confidence, the publication date for this volume was fixed as 31 December 1891 in accordance with ICZN Art. 21.3.2. Therefore the Administration Report of the Indian Marine (published 25 August 1891) is considered to take precedence over the Indian Museum Annual Report (published 31 December 1891) and as such the names made available in the former take priority. As original copies of the Administration Report of the Indian Marine are not readily available in most libraries and few scientists have actually had access to these publications, the relevant Appendix No. XIII, in which the names of several malacostracan taxa are made available, is reproduced here. Since the appendix is not conclusively attributable to a specific author, it is considered to be written anonymously and should therefore be cited as Anonymous (1891). A number of names in Appendix No. XIII are available since they are accompanied by a brief description of the taxa they denote, and are either attributable to James Wood-Mason or remain with anonymous authorship; others are nomina nuda without a diagnosis or indication, or have been diagnosed previously in the "Natural History Notes from H.M. Indian Marine Survey Steamer Investigator". The nomenclatural implications for eight names made available in Anonymous (1891) are discussed: Glyphocrangon caeca, Glyphocrangon sculptus var. coecescens, Psalidopodidae, Psalidopus, Psalidopus mirabilis, Psathyrocaris, Psathyrocaris fragilis and Psopheticus crepitans. The nomenclatural history of various other taxa, initially denoted by unavailable names in Anonymous (1891), is also documented. The authorships of the various crustacean taxa collected by the Indian Marine Survey Steamer Investigator during the seasons 1889-1890 and 1890-1891, and published in two series of connected parts in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History, are also re-assessed and summarised. A rare document containing the list of R.I.M.S. Investigator stations for the period 1884-1913 is reproduced for the future benefit of the scientific community.  PMID:24869963

  11. 'Kod Schnittke' ['The Schnittke Code']. Al'fredu Schnittke posviashchaetsia [Dedicated to Alfred Schnittke: Schnittke Yearbook, 8], ed. Alla Bogdanova and Elena Dolinskaia. Moscow: Kompozitor, 2011: 13-24.

    OpenAIRE

    Ivashkin, Alexander V.

    2011-01-01

    Schnittke and his music is not so much rooted in the Russian clulture of the twentieth-century or in German culture of the seventeenth century (with which he always felt a deep affinity), but in a much more remote era of early Christian mysticism. Schnittke, a deeply religious man, was a true follower of this tradition, going back to the Old and New Testament and early Byzantine literature. The article includes a detailed analysis of Schnittke's piece 'Klingende Buchstaben' dedicated to...

  12. Educational Needs of Patients With Systemic Vasculitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-11

    Behcet's Disease; Churg-Strauss Syndrome; Vasculitis, Central Nervous System; Giant Cell Arteritis; Wegener Granulomatosis; Henoch-Schoenlein Purpura; Microscopic Polyangiitis; Polyarteritis Nodosa; Takayasu's Arteritis

  13. Impact of Vasculitis on Employment and Income

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-26

    Vasculitis; Systemic Vasculitis; Behcet's Disease; CNS Vasculitis; Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis; Eosinophilic Granulomatosis; Temporal Arteritis; Wegener Granulomatosis; Henoch-Schoenlein Purpura; Microscopic Polyangiitis; Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN); Takayasu's Arteritis; Urticarial Vasculitis

  14. Pediatric Vasculitis Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-16

    Wegeners Granulomatosis (Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis); Microscopic Polyangiitis; Churg Strauss Syndrome (Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis); Polyarteritis Nodosa; Takayasu Arteritis; Primary CNS Vasculitis; Unclassified Vasculitis

  15. Recommendations for speed management strategies and policies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kallberg, V.P.; Allsop, R.; Ward, H.; Horst, A.R.A. van der; Varhelyi, A.

    1998-01-01

    Aanbevelingen worden gedaan voor harmonisatie van snelheden op 4 typen wegen in Europa en voor middelen om verkeersveilige snelheden te bewerkstelligen (waaronder intelligente snelheidsadaptatie in de auto).

  16. Induction of Regulatory t Cells by Low Dose il2 in Autoimmune and Inflammatory Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-18

    Rheumatoid Arthritis; Ankylosing Spondylitis; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Psoriasis; Behcet's Disease; Wegener's Granulomatosis; Takayasu's Disease; Crohn's Disease; Ulcerative Colitis; Autoimmune Hepatitis; Sclerosing Cholangitis

  17. Three decades of BGR airborne geophysical surveys over the polar regions - a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damaske, Detlef

    2013-04-01

    smaller scale surveys - getting close to industry standards - targeted specific geological questions, the reconnaissance type of aerogeophysical projects continued in Dronning Maud Land, now in close cooperation with the Alfred-Wegener-Institute (AWI). This very successful cooperation between the two German institutions - both working continuously in the polar regions - was already established in Arctic projects, namely in northern Greenland. Also, since the late 1990's BGR conducted together with Canada airborne surveys as part of PMAP (Polar Margins Aeromagnetic Program), thematically linked to the predominantly geological CASE (Circum Arctic Structural Events) program of BGR. A joint project of GSC (Geological Survey of Canada) and BGR in the Nares Strait was a highlight of combined geological and aeromagnetic research addressing the still widely discussed Wegener fault between Greenland and Ellesmere Island and the extent of tertiary basins in the Nares Strait itself. BGR intends to continue its successful combined geological-geophysical work in both polar regions. The increasing logistic and financial challenges to work in these extreme areas will demand not only a continuation but an intensification of national and international collaboration.

  18. Variability of Atlantic inflow to the Arctic Ocean from summer hydrographic observations in the Nordic Seas and Fram Strait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka; Walczowski, Waldemar; Fahrbach, Eberhard

    2014-05-01

    Before reaching the Arctic Ocean, warm and salty water masses, originating from the North Atlantic, pass the eastern rims of the Norwegian and Greenland Seas and continue farther to the north through Fram Strait. During its northward advection the Atlantic water (AW) is continuously transformed and its temperature, salinity and heat content changes significantly. A part of the AW heat is released to the atmosphere while a major share is lost due to lateral exchanges and mixing with adjacent water masses. This study addresses summer-to-summer variability, transformation, and circulation patterns of the Atlantic water in the region between the northern Norway and northern Fram Strait. We will present results of the long-term summer measurements in the Norwegian-Atlantic and West Spitsbergen Currents, carried in 1996-2013 by Institute of Oceanology PAS, and compare them to continuous observations from the moored array maintained by Alfred Wegener Institute in the northern Fram Strait, to estimate the impact of seasonal variations on long-term changes in the AW properties. Significant variability over different time scales has been observed in the properties of the AW over the studied period with the warmest AW inflow in late 90s and 2005-2006 and a significant positive trend in AW salinity. Time series of temperature and salinity at the standard hydrographic section at 76°30'N reveal a presence of three 5-6 years long cycles. Spatial distributions of AW properties and geostrophic velocities in the studied region show alternating phases of intensified AW inflow into the Barents Sea and periods of increased northward volume and heat transport through Fram Strait. Using available reanalysis data and meteorological measurements from Svalbard area we will attempt to explain possible links between observed changes and atmospheric forcing. The hydrographic measurements, continued by IO PAS for nearly two decades in the Nordic Seas and Fram Strait, have been strongly

  19. Earth System Science - Bridging the gaps between disciplines; Perspectives from a multi-disciplinary Helmholtz Research School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meggers, Helge; Grosfeld, Klaus; Lohmann, Gerrit; Bracher, Astrid; Wolf-Gladrow, Dieter; Unnithan, Vikram; Buschmann, Matthias; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, Annette; Notholt, Justus

    2015-04-01

    Post-graduate education in Germany has changed a lot over the past decades. Formerly, PhD students generally did not have the option to attend formal classes and lectures and were expected to conduct their independent research, including occasionally teaching courses for students. Since the introduction of bachelor and masters studies with the Bologna Process in the late 90th, the higher education in Europe has been harmonized, leading to more structured and focused studies at the expense of a broad and universal disciplinary education. At this same time, special fields such as Earth System Science became more interdisciplinary. In consequence, universities and research institutes have established so-called research schools and/or graduate schools, offering specific courses and training alongside the doctorate. Especially, Earth System Science has developed from an interesting concept in Earth Sciences education to a fully integrative Science focussed on understanding the complex system Earth. This evolution is partially due to the radical and far reaching anthropogenic changes and the general feeling of helplessness with regards to the possible consequences and future impacts on the Earth System. The Helmholtz "Earth System Science Research School" (ESSReS) is a small unit of PhD students co-organized by three educational and research institutions in the city state Bremen: University of Bremen (Institute for Environmental Physics, IUP), Jacobs University (School of Engineering and Science (JU)), and Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven (AWI). ESSReS aims at the integration of research at the interface of Geology, Biology, Physics, Geophysics, Mathematics and Informatics. It is therefore multi- and interdisciplinary in every aspect. The training, curriculum, and PhD research subjects are closely located at the interfaces between the participating disciplines. This is guaranteed by interdisciplinary supervision of

  20. PANGAEA® - Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science - Research data enters scholarly communication and big data analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diepenbroek, Michael; Schindler, Uwe; Riedel, Morris; Huber, Robert

    2014-05-01

    and the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). More than 80% of the funding results from project data management and the implementation of spatial data infrastructures (more than 160 International to national projects since the last 15 years - www.pangaea.de/projects).

  1. Graduate training in Earth science across borders and disciplines: ArcTrain -"Processes and impacts of climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Canadian Arctic"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Rüdiger; Kucera, Michal; Walter, Maren; de Vernal, Anne

    2015-04-01

    Due to a complex set of feedback processes collectively known as "polar amplification", the Arctic realm is expected to experience a greater-than-average response to global climate forcing. The cascades of feedback processes that connect the Arctic cryosphere, ocean and atmosphere remain incompletely constrained by observations and theory and are difficult to simulate in climate models. Our capacity to predict the future of the region and assess the impacts of Arctic change processes on global and regional environments hinges on the availability of interdisciplinary experts with strong international experience and understanding of the science/society interface. This is the basis of the International Research Training Group "Processes and impacts of climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean and the Canadian Arctic - ArcTrain", which was initiated in 2013. ArcTrain aims to educate PhD students in an interdisciplinary environment that combines paleoclimatology, physical oceanography, remote sensing and glaciology with comprehensive Earth system modelling, including sea-ice and ice-sheet components. The qualification program for the PhD students includes joint supervision, mandatory research residences at partner institutions, field courses on land and on sea (Floating University), annual meetings and training workshops and a challenging structured training in expert skills and transferrable skills. Its aim is to enhance the career prospects and employability of the graduates in a challenging international job market across academic and applied sectors. ArcTrain is a collaborative project at the University of Bremen and the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven. The German part of the project is designed to continue for nine years and educate three cohorts of twelve PhD students each. The Canadian partners comprise a consortium of eight universities led by the GEOTOP cluster at the Université du Québec à Montréal and including

  2. Guidelines to Avoid Biocontamination of Antarctic Subglacial Aquatic Environments: Forward Contamination Concerns, Environmental Management and Scientific Stewardship of Icy analogue environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Race, M. S.; Hobbie, J.; et al.

    2007-12-01

    infancy, the initial methodologies and protocols will undoubtedly continue to need further development and regular revision - making continued collaboration and communication between the polar and space communities mutually beneficial and advisable. NRC Study Committee members: 1 John E. Hobbie (Chair), Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts; 2 Amy Baker, Technical Administrative Services, Littleton, Colorado; 3 Garry Clarke, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada; 4 Peter T. Doran, University of Illinois at Chicago, Earth and Environmental Sciences; 5 David Karl, University of Hawaii at Manoa, School of Ocean and Earth Science, Honolulu; 6 Barbara Methé, The Institute for Genomic Research, Rockville, Maryland; 7 Heinz Miller, Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany; 8 Samuel B. Mukasa, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; 9 Margaret Race, SETI Institute, Mountain View, California; 10 Warwick Vincent, Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; 11 David Walton, British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom; 12 James White, University of Colorado, Boulder, 13 Maria Uhle (Study Director), National Research Council.

  3. Ice-tethered measurement platforms in the Arctic Ocean: a contribution by the FRAM infrastructure program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppmann, Mario; Nicolaus, Marcel; Rabe, Benjamin; Wenzhöfer, Frank; Katlein, Christian; Scholz, Daniel

    2016-04-01

    The Arctic Ocean has been in the focus of many studies during recent years, investigating the state, the causes and the implications of the observed rapid transition towards a thinner and younger sea-ice cover. However, consistent observational datasets of sea ice, ocean and atmosphere are still sparse due to the limited accessibility and harsh environmental conditions. One important tool to fill this gap has become more and more feasible during recent years: autonomous, ice-tethered measurement platforms (buoys). These drifting instruments independently transmit their data via satellites, and enable observations over larger areas and over longer time periods than manned expeditions, even throughout the winter. One aim of the newly established FRAM (FRontiers in Arctic marine Monitoring) infrastructure program at the Alfred-Wegener-Institute is to realize and maintain an interdisciplinary network of buoys in the Arctic Ocean, contributing to an integrated, Arctic-wide observatory. The additional buoy infrastructure, ship-time, and developments provided by FRAM are critical elements in the ongoing international effort to fill the large data gaps in a rapidly changing Arctic Ocean. Our focus is the particularly underrepresented Eurasian Basin. Types of instruments range from snow depth beacons and ice mass balance buoys for monitoring ice growth and snow accumulation, over radiation and weather stations for energy budget estimates, to ice-tethered profiling systems for upper ocean monitoring. Further, development of new bio-optical and biogeochemical buoys is expected to enhance our understanding of bio-physical processes associated with Arctic sea ice. The first set of FRAM buoys was deployed in September 2015 from RV Polarstern. All datasets are publicly available on dedicated web portals. Near real time data are reported into international initiatives, such as the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) and the International Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP). The

  4. Darwins rEvolution – Thema der Reproduktionsmedizin? Entdeckung – Menschenbild – Domestikation – Auslese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lötsch B

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Darwins Einfluss auf unser Denken wird mit jenem von Nikolaus Kopernikus, Sigmund Freud oder Konrad Lorenz verglichen. Die Arbeit erschließt den evolutionären Zugang zu Homo sapiens – körperlich wie im Verhalten. Vor allem fand Darwin den Mechanismus, wie Evolution funktionierte und bis heute wirkt. Dabei entsetzte ihn selbst die gleichgültige Grausamkeit der Natur, mit der sie ständig zahllose unschuldige (höchst empfindungsfähige Jungtiere und Kinder zu Tode bringt – ein Vielfaches derjenigen, die bis zur Fortpflanzung kommen. Wo ist hier der „liebende Gottvater“?, fragte sich der graduierte Theologe angesichts dieses qualvollen Gemetzels. Organismen setzen ihr Erbgut im evolutionären Wettbewerb mit ihrem „Reproduktionserfolg“ durch (nicht bloß Fruchtbarkeit, welche die Tragfähigkeit der Ökosysteme in jedem Fall überfordern würde. Darwin entdeckte „Variation und Selektion“ als die „grausam bewahrenden Faktoren“, welche die Tauglichkeit („fitness“ jeder Art in ihrem Lebensraum gewährleisten – durch Auswahl der Bestangepassten aus der riesigen Überproduktion vielfältiger Nachkommen. Die Erfolgreichen spiegeln in ihren genetischen Eigenschaften die Auslesezwänge wider, durch welche die Art entstand. Verhaustierung und Zivilisation schirmen die Organismen von natürlichen Auslesezwängen ab und führen zum Verlust artspezifischer Körper- und Verhaltensmerkmale. Solche genetischen Ausfälle durch jahrtausendlange Selbstdomestikation des Homo sapiens beschäftigen Genetiker und Ärzte seit Darwin (z. B. seinen Cousin Francis Galton [Eugenics 1885] und den deutschen Mediziner Alfred Ploetz [Rassenhygiene 1895]. Obwohl ursprünglich auf generelle Volksgesundheit zielend und nachweislich ohne rassistische Ideen (eher im Sinne der Menschheit als „the whole human race“, konnte Eugenik dennoch zu inhumanen Praktiken führen, allein wegen der umstrittenen Grenzziehung von „fortpflanzungswürdig oder nicht“, dazu noch

  5. "Recent" macrofossil remains from the Lomonosov Ridge, central Arctic Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Duc, Cynthia; de Vernal, Anne; Archambault, Philippe; Brice, Camille; Roberge, Philippe

    2016-04-01

    years as suggested by the radiocarbon dating of the upper centimeter of the sediment in PS87/030-2 (7792 ± 59 14C years BP), PS87/055-1 (3897 ± 41 14C years BP), and PS87/099-4 (1421 ± 66 14C years BP). Reference Stein, R. (Ed.), 2015. The Expedition PS87 of the Research Vessel Polarstern to the Arctic Ocean in 2014, Reports on Polar and Marine Research 688, Bremerhaven, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 273 pp (http://epic.awi.de/37728/1/BzPM_0688_2015.pdf).

  6. Distribution of late Pleistocene ice-rich syngenetic permafrost of the Yedoma Suite in east and central Siberia, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosse, Guido; Robinson, Joel E.; Bryant, Robin; Taylor, Maxwell D.; Harper, William; DeMasi, Amy; Kyker-Snowman, Emily; Veremeeva, Alexandra; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Harden, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    This digital database is the product of collaboration between the U.S. Geological Survey, the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska, Fairbanks; the Los Altos Hills Foothill College GeoSpatial Technology Certificate Program; the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam, Germany; and the Institute of Physical Chemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The primary goal for creating this digital database is to enhance current estimates of soil organic carbon stored in deep permafrost, in particular the late Pleistocene syngenetic ice-rich permafrost deposits of the Yedoma Suite. Previous studies estimated that Yedoma deposits cover about 1 million square kilometers of a large region in central and eastern Siberia, but these estimates generally are based on maps with scales smaller than 1:10,000,000. Taking into account this large area, it was estimated that Yedoma may store as much as 500 petagrams of soil organic carbon, a large part of which is vulnerable to thaw and mobilization from thermokarst and erosion. To refine assessments of the spatial distribution of Yedoma deposits, we digitized 11 Russian Quaternary geologic maps. Our study focused on extracting geologic units interpreted by us as late Pleistocene ice-rich syngenetic Yedoma deposits based on lithology, ground ice conditions, stratigraphy, and geomorphological and spatial association. These Yedoma units then were merged into a single data layer across map tiles. The spatial database provides a useful update of the spatial distribution of this deposit for an approximately 2.32 million square kilometers land area in Siberia that will (1) serve as a core database for future refinements of Yedoma distribution in additional regions, and (2) provide a starting point to revise the size of deep but thaw-vulnerable permafrost carbon pools in the Arctic based on surface geology and the distribution of cryolithofacies types at high spatial

  7. A Generic Framework for Enabling the Flow of Sensor Observations to Archives: O2A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerchow, Peter; Koppe, Roland; Macario, Ana; Haas, Antonie; Shäfer-Neth, Christian

    2015-04-01

    Over the last two decades, the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) has been continuously committing to develop and sustain an e-Infrastructure for coherent discovery, visualization, dissemination and archival of scientific information in polar and marine regions. Most of the data originates from research activities being carried out in a wide range of AWI-operated research platforms: vessels, land-based stations, ocean-based stations and aircrafts. Archival and publishing in PANGAEA repository along with DOI assignment to individual datasets is a typical end-of-line step for most data owners. Within AWI, a workflow for data acquisition from vessel-mounted devices along with ingestion procedures for the raw data into the institutional archives has been well-established for many years. However, the increasing number of ocean-based stations and respective sensors along with heterogeneous project-driven requirements towards satellite communication, sensor monitoring, QA/QC control and validation, processing algorithms, visualization and dissemination has recently lead us to build a more generic and cost-effective framework. This framework, hereafter named O2A, has as main strength its seamless flow of sensor observation to archives and the fact that it complies with internationally used OGC standards and thus assuring interoperability in international context (e.g. SOS/SWE, WPS, WMS WFS,..). O2A is comprised of several extensible and exchangeable modules (e.g. controlled vocabularies and gazetteers, file type and structure validation, aggregation solutions, processing algorithms, etc) as well as various interoperability services. At the first data tier level, not only each sensor is being described following SensorML data model standards but the data is being fed to an SOS interface offering streaming solutions along with support to O&M encoding. Project administrators or data specialists are now able to monitor the individual sensors displayed in a map by simply clicking

  8. Mini neutron monitor measurements at the Neumayer III station and on the German research vessel Polarstern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heber, B.; Galsdorf, D.; Herbst, K.; Gieseler, J.; Labrenz, J.; Schwerdt, C.; Walter, M.; Benadé, G.; Fuchs, R.; Krüger, H.; Moraal, H.

    2015-08-01

    Neutron monitors (NMs) are ground-based devices to measure the variation of cosmic ray intensities, and although being reliable they have two disadvantages: their size as well as their weight. As consequence, [1] suggested the development of a portable, and thus much smaller and lighter, calibration neutron monitor that can be carried to any existing station around the world [see 2; 3]. But this mini neutron monitor, moreover, can also be installed as an autonomous station at any location that provides ’’office” conditions such as a) temperatures within the range of around 0 to less than 40 degree C as well as b) internet and c) power supply. However, the best location is when the material above the NM is minimized. In 2011 a mini Neutron Monitor was installed at the Neumayer III station in Antarctica as well as the German research vessel Polarstern, providing scientific data since January 2014 and October 2012, respectively. The Polarstern, which is in the possession of the Federal Republic of Germany represented by the Ministry of Education and Research and operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research and managed by the shipping company Laeisz, was specially designed for working in the polar seas and is currently one of the most sophisticated polar research vessels worldwide. It spends almost 310 days a year at sea usually being located in the waters of Antarctica between November and March while spending the northern summer months in Arctic waters. Therefore, the vessel scans the rigidity range below the atmospheric threshold and above 10 GV twice a year. In contrast to spacecraft measurements NM data are influenced by variations of the geomagnetic field as well as the atmospheric conditions. Thus, in order to interpret the data a detailed knowledge of the instrument sensitivity with geomagnetic latitude (rigidity) and atmospheric pressure is essential. In order to determine the atmospheric response data from the

  9. Investigation of Arctic mixed-phase clouds by combining airborne remote sensing and in situ observations during VERDI, RACEPAC and ACLOUD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehrlich, André; Bierwirth, Eike; Borrmann, Stephan; Crewell, Susanne; Herber, Andreas; Hoor, Peter; Jourdan, Olivier; Krämer, Martina; Lüpkes, Christof; Mertes, Stephan; Neuber, Roland; Petzold, Andreas; Schnaiter, Martin; Schneider, Johannes; Weigel, Ralf; Weinzierl, Bernadett; Wendisch, Manfred

    2016-04-01

    To improve our understanding of Arctic mixed-phase clouds a series of airborne research campaigns has been initiated by a collaboration of German research institutes. Clouds in areas dominated by a close sea-ice cover were observed during the research campaign Vertical distribution of ice in Arctic mixed-phase clouds (VERDI, April/May 2012) and the Radiation-Aerosol-Cloud Experiment in the Arctic Circle (RACEPAC, April/May 2014) which both were based in Inuvik, Canada. The aircraft (Polar 5 & 6, Basler BT-67) operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany did cover a wide area above the Canadian Beaufort with in total 149 flight hours (62h during VERDI, 87h during RACEPAC). For May/June 2017 a third campaign ACLOUD (Arctic Clouds - Characterization of Ice, aerosol Particles and Energy fluxes) with base in Svalbard is planned within the Transregional Collaborative Research Centre TR 172 ArctiC Amplification: Climate Relevant Atmospheric and SurfaCe Processes, and Feedback Mechanisms (AC)3 to investigate Arctic clouds in the transition zone between open ocean and sea ice. The aim of all campaigns is to combine remote sensing and in-situ cloud, aerosol and trace gas measurements to investigate interactions between radiation, cloud and aerosol particles. While during VERDI remote sensing and in-situ measurements were performed by one aircraft subsequently, for RACEPAC and ACLOUD two identical aircraft are coordinated at different altitudes to horizontally collocate both remote sensing and in-situ measurements. The campaign showed that in this way radiative and microphysical processes in the clouds can by studied more reliably and remote sensing methods can be validated efficiently. Here we will illustrate the scientific strategy of the projects including the progress in instrumentation. Differences in the general synoptic and sea ice situation and related changes in cloud properties at the different locations and seasons will be

  10. Fully automatic adjoints: a robust and efficient mechanism for generating adjoint ocean models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ham, D. A.; Farrell, P. E.; Funke, S. W.; Rognes, M. E.

    2012-04-01

    The problem of generating and maintaining adjoint models is sufficiently difficult that typically only the most advanced and well-resourced community ocean models achieve it. There are two current technologies which each suffer from their own limitations. Algorithmic differentiation, also called automatic differentiation, is employed by models such as the MITGCM [2] and the Alfred Wegener Institute model FESOM [3]. This technique is very difficult to apply to existing code, and requires a major initial investment to prepare the code for automatic adjoint generation. AD tools may also have difficulty with code employing modern software constructs such as derived data types. An alternative is to formulate the adjoint differential equation and to discretise this separately. This approach, known as the continuous adjoint and employed in ROMS [4], has the disadvantage that two different model code bases must be maintained and manually kept synchronised as the model develops. The discretisation of the continuous adjoint is not automatically consistent with that of the forward model, producing an additional source of error. The alternative presented here is to formulate the flow model in the high level language UFL (Unified Form Language) and to automatically generate the model using the software of the FEniCS project. In this approach it is the high level code specification which is differentiated, a task very similar to the formulation of the continuous adjoint [5]. However since the forward and adjoint models are generated automatically, the difficulty of maintaining them vanishes and the software engineering process is therefore robust. The scheduling and execution of the adjoint model, including the application of an appropriate checkpointing strategy is managed by libadjoint [1]. In contrast to the conventional algorithmic differentiation description of a model as a series of primitive mathematical operations, libadjoint employs a new abstraction of the simulation

  11. Sustained observations in the Weddell Sea spanning more than 20 years show gradual increase of the deep water heat content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strass, Volker; Rohardt, Gerd; Hoppema, Mario

    2014-05-01

    Beginning in 1989, Eberhard Fahrbach established and maintained until his premature death an observational programme in the Weddell Sea, which outstandingly contributed to alleviate the grave problem of undersampling of the Southern Ocean. Continuation of his legacy by the Alfred-Wegener-Institut has yielded a time series that now extends into 2013, hence covers almost 24 years. Here we analyse this data set for long-term changes of the heat content in the deep Weddell Sea. We exclusively evaluate the calibrated temperature records obtained with ship-lowered CTD (conductivity-temperature-depth sonde) casts at repeated hydrographic stations and along repeated sections. Using this approach we avoid introducing potential temperature offsets that can result from combination of different measurement technologies and potential biases resultant from differences in geographic positions. Our results show that the deep water masses below 700 m gradually warmed over the past two decades by 0.001 - 0.004 K a-1. Superimposed inter-annual to multi-annual variations appear as largely uncorrelated horizontally across the Weddell Gyre. The long-term (21 - 24 years) trends of increasing temperatures in different depth layers below 700 m at all stations and sections can be approximated by linear regression that explains between 27 and 91 % of the variance, where the coefficients of correlation tend to increase with depth. No significant trends are found in the top 700 m. The heating rate of the water masses below 700 m is estimated to 0.79 ± 0.14 W m-2, which is more than twice as high as determined for the global deep ocean in general. Our results hence corroborate the view that Southern Ocean processes make an above-average contribution to the deep ocean warming, and so add to bring global estimates of the deep ocean heating rate and of the net energy flux into the Earth's climate system at the top of the atmosphere of 0.5 - 1 W m-2 closer in line with each other. Thus they help

  12. PANGAEA® - Research Data enters Scholarly Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, U.; Diepenbroek, M.; Grobe, H.

    2012-04-01

    publication workflow used by PANGAEA®, the technical background of the dynamic linking approach done between conventional publishers and the data repository, and the further steps for integrating editorial processes on both sides. PANGAEA® is operated as a joint long term facility by MARUM at the University Bremen and the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI). More than 80% of the funding results from project data management and the implementation of spatial data infrastructures (47 International, 46 European and 37 national projects since the last 12 years - www.pangaea.de/projects).

  13. Retrospect on the tsunami simulation efforts for the German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakowsky, Natalja; Androsov, Alexey; Harig, Sven; Immerz, Antonia; Behrens, Jörn; Danilov, Sergey; Hiller, Wolfgang; Schröter, Jens

    2014-05-01

    Starting in 2005, the GITEWS project (German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System) established from scratch a fully operational tsunami warning system at BMKG in Jakarta. GITEWS was succeeded in 2011 by the smaller project PROTECTS for training the Indonesian staff and consolidating the technical system. With the official end in March 2014, it is time to draw a balance and evaluate the approach. This presentation focuses on the contribution of the tsunami modelling group at the Alfred Wegener Institute. We will give a short overview on the developments of the numerical tsunami simulation model TsunAWI, of the scenario database built with TsunAWI, and of the simulation module SIM that interfaces the database to the decision support system. Some distinctive experiences will be highlighted. Topics include the modeling part as well as the matching process after the database is already set up. On the modeling side, unstructured mesh generation with focus on local bathymetric features and inclusion of precise coastline position as well as numerical parametrization and post processing are covered. The matching of pre calculated scenarios with incoming data in case of a tsunamigenic earthquake is performed in the simulation system SIM, which processes the data of multiple sensors and employs various metrics to limit the choice of possible scenarios from the database. One challenge was that the development of the matching algorithm had to start without having access to real sensor data except seismic information on epicenter and magnitude. Therefore, the algorithm is designed with robustness in mind. Still, the conservative approach allows to narrow down the scenario selection even with limited sensor information. Given more experience in the typical behaviour of sensor data in real events, the algorithm parameters can easily be calibrated towards a more restrictive scenario selection. Another challenge was to ensure the quality control of the data products derived from

  14. From the scala naturae to the symbiogenetic and dynamic tree of life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kutschera Ulrich

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract All living beings on Earth, from bacteria to humans, are connected through descent from common ancestors and represent the summation of their corresponding, ca. 3500 million year long evolutionary history. However, the evolution of phenotypic features is not predictable, and biologists no longer use terms such as "primitive" or "perfect organisms". Despite these insights, the Bible-based concept of the so-called "ladder of life" or Scala Naturae, i.e., the idea that all living beings can be viewed as representing various degrees of "perfection", with humans at the very top of this biological hierarchy, was popular among naturalists until ca. 1850 (Charles Bonnet, Jean Lamarck and others. Charles Darwin is usually credited with the establishment of a branched evolutionary "Tree of Life". This insight of 1859 was based on his now firmly corroborated proposals of common ancestry and natural selection. In this article I argue that Darwin was still influenced by "ladder thinking", a theological view that prevailed throughout the 19th century and is also part of Ernst Haeckel's famous Oak tree (of Life of 1866, which is, like Darwin's scheme, static. In 1910, Constantin Mereschkowsky proposed an alternative, "anti-selectionist" concept of biological evolution, which became known as the symbiogenesis-theory. According to the symbiogenesis-scenario, eukaryotic cells evolved on a static Earth from archaic prokaryotes via the fusion and subsequent cooperation of certain microbes. In 1929, Alfred Wegener published his theory of continental drift, which was later corroborated, modified and extended. The resulting theory of plate tectonics is now the principal organizing concept of geology. Over millions of years, plate tectonics and hence the "dynamic Earth" has caused destructive volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. At the same time, it created mountain ranges, deep oceans, novel freshwater habitats, and deserts. As a result, these geologic

  15. Pollution in the Summertime Canadian High Arctic observed during NETCARE 2014: Investigation of origin and composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köllner, Franziska; Schneider, Johannes; Bozem, Heiko; Hoor, Peter; Willis, Megan; Burkart, Julia; Leaitch, Richard; Abbatt, Jon; Herber, Andreas; Borrmann, Stephan

    2015-04-01

    The clean and sensitive Arctic atmosphere is influenced by transport of air masses from lower latitudes that bring pollution in the form of aerosol particles and trace gases into the Arctic regions. However, the transport processes causing such pollution events are yet not sufficiently well understood. Here we report on results from the aircraft campaign NETCARE 2014 that took place in July 2014 in Resolute Bay, Nunavut (Canada) as part of the "Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environment" (NETCARE). These airborne measurements add to only a very few of such measurements conducted in the Arctic during the summertime. The instrumentation on board the research aircraft Polar 6 (operated by the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research) included a large set of physico-chemical aerosol analysis instruments, several trace gas measurements and basic meteorological parameters. Here we focus on observed pollution events that caused elevated trace gas and aerosol concentrations in the summertime Canadian High Arctic between 50 and 3500 m. In order to better understand the chemical composition and the origin of those polluted air masses, we use single particle aerosol composition obtained using the Aircraft-based Laser Ablation Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (ALABAMA), combined with aerosol size distributions and number concentrations from an Optical Particle Counter as well as trace gas measurements of CO and CO2. CO and CO2 are important tracers to study pollution events, which are connected to anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic combustion processes, respectively biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion. The ALABAMA provides a detailed single particle aerosol composition analysis from which we identify different particle types like soot-, biomass burning-, organics-, diesel exhaust- and metallic particles. The measurements were compared to Lagrangian models like FLEXPART and LAGRANTO to find the pollution sources

  16. Genetically distinct subsets within ANCA-associated vasculitis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Lyons, Paul A

    2012-07-19

    Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a severe condition encompassing two major syndromes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener\\'s granulomatosis) and microscopic polyangiitis. Its cause is unknown, and there is debate about whether it is a single disease entity and what role ANCA plays in its pathogenesis. We investigated its genetic basis.

  17. Interpretation of wind hazard damage in conifer plantation forests from remotely sensed imagery

    OpenAIRE

    McManus, Kay B.; Donoghue, D.N.M.; Dunford, R. W.; Watt, P J

    2005-01-01

    Damage caused by wind poses a significant threat to the economic management of forests. In recent times, large storm events such as the 1999 Lothar storm and January 2005 gales have caused significant economic damage to areas of forest across Europe. However, wind damage also occurs at a smaller scale that may be harder to detect. Traditionally, vertical or oblique aerial photography has been the main method used to assess extent of new wind damage. Smaller areas of localised damage may not e...

  18. Probing human vision with spatial adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Mark W. Greenlee; Magnussen, S.

    2014-01-01

    Adaptation to spatial displays has robust effects on the perception of visual stimuli presented after adaptation. Referred to as the ‘psychophysicist’s microelectrode’ (Frisby, 1979), spatial adaptation and aftereffects has proved to be a powerful technique in the investigation of the functional organization of the human visual system. Our 20 years of collaboration on spatial adaptation research in the hospitable atmosphere of Lothar Spillmann’s laboratory at the University of Freiburg has re...

  19. Anti-Party Discourses in Germany: Three Essays

    OpenAIRE

    Bevan, Ruth; Probst, Lothar; Scarrow, Susan

    1995-01-01

    Abstract: Susan Scarrow: The paper argues that there is a logical link between types of party criticisms and types of proposed remedies. It distinguishes three main variants of anti-party discourses - Pluralist, Rouseauian, and Statist - and identifies corresponding remedies. It uses examples from German history to clarify the proposed typology, and to demonstrate the plausibility of the argument.; Abstract Lothar Probst: Following up to the deliberations of Ernst Cassirer and Murray Edelman ...

  20. R3GMRES: including prior information in GMRES-type methods for discrete inverse problems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dong, Yiqiu; Garde, Henrik; Hansen, Per Christian

    2014-01-01

    Lothar Reichel and his collaborators proposed several iterative algorithms that augment the underlying Krylov subspace with an additional low-dimensional subspace in order to produce improved regularized solutions. We take a closer look at this approach and investigate a particular Regularized Ra...... Range-Restricted GMRES method, R3GMRES, with a subspace that represents prior information about the solution. We discuss the implementation of this approach and demonstrate its advantage by means of several test problems....

  1. Optimizing forest management under dependent price and production risks: a Markov decision process approach

    OpenAIRE

    Laye, Jacques-Alexandre; Couture, Stéphane

    2010-01-01

    Catastrophic events, such as Windstorms Lothar and Martin in 1999 or Klaus in 2009, impact forest owners through their effects on production and prices. In the literature, the analysis of these risks has been carried out by considering them in- dependently. In our model, the production risk translates into a price risk through a quality loss. We consider that the stock of timber follows a Markov Decision Pro- cess (MDP) with the harvesting decision as a control variable. We sol...

  2. Jõekaare elurajoon Tartus = Jõekaare housing area in Tartu / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    Jõekaare elurajooni arhitektuurikonkursist, lahendusest, 2009. a. valminud korterelamust. Projekteerija Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects, autorid Thomas Pucher ja Alfred Bramberger. Projekt 2006

  3. 21. sajandi linnavilla kvintessents / Risto Kozer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kozer, Risto

    2008-01-01

    Nihkes korrustega linnavilla Tartus Jõekaare elamurajoonis Siili t. 6. Arhitektid: Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger (Atelier Thomas Pucher & Bramberger Architects). Loetletud 8 kaasautorit. Ehituse algus 2007

  4. Friends of the National Library of Medicine 2012 Annual Awards Gala | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... West King, M.D. FNLM Chairman John Edward Porter Photo: John Edward Porter Alfred Sommer, M.D., MHS Photo: Dr. Alfred ... Award for Public Service: The Honorable John Edward Porter, longtime U.S. Congressman from Illinois' 10th district, currently ...

  5. The Analysis of The Eagle by the Systemic Functional Grammar

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2006-01-01

    The eagle is an excellent English poem written by Alfred Tennyson. Though it is short and simple, it gives us a vivid picture of an eagle. My paper aims to analyze thispoem using Halliday's systemic functional grammar to demonstrate Alfred's unique writing and talents in poetry.

  6. Hvis vi alle er syndere, hvad så? Det afmægtige menneske fra Luther til vore dage - eller egoismens problem. ll Del

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Børge

    Filosofi, antropologi, teologi, Luther, Gryphius, Goethe, Schopenhauer, Eduard von Hartmann, Nietzsche, Thomas Mann, Günther Grass, Alfred Döblin, idéhistorie/åndshistorie......Filosofi, antropologi, teologi, Luther, Gryphius, Goethe, Schopenhauer, Eduard von Hartmann, Nietzsche, Thomas Mann, Günther Grass, Alfred Döblin, idéhistorie/åndshistorie...

  7. Groupware as a Knowledge Repository. Computers in Small Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Gary

    2005-01-01

    Herrick Library (Alfred University, Alfred, NY) reference guru of 18 years, Frank McBride, retired recently, leaving a smaller and less experienced staff to collectively handle reference questions. Frank had conscientiously documented much of his experience in a collection of paper files. In this column, the author (Herrick's new coordinator of…

  8. Nobel Prize in 2004

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐佳梅

    2004-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ The Founder-Alfred Nobel The ManBehind the Prize Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. His family was descended from Olof Rudbeck, the best-known technical genius of Sweden's 17th century era as a great power in northern Europe.

  9. Reis Rosenbergi ajudesse / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    Lugemismuljeid raamatutest: Piper, Ernst. Alfred Rosenberg : Hitleri peaideoloog. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Judt, Tony. Pärast sõda. Euroopa ajalugu 1945. aastast. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Döblin, Alfred. Berliin, Alexanderplatz / tlk. Mati Sirkel. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007 ; Adson, Artur. Siuru-raamat. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2007

  10. Myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies with Cytoplasmic Fluorescence Pattern

    OpenAIRE

    Chhabra, Seema; Minz, Ranjana Walker; Goyal, Lekha; Sharma, Nidhi

    2010-01-01

    We report here two rare cases of myeloperoxidase–antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA)-positive Wegener's granulomatosis (limited variant) which deceptively produced a cytoplasmic (C-ANCA) pattern on indirect immunofluorescence.

  11. Richtlijnen voor het meten van het gebruik van faunapassages

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grift, van der E.A.

    2010-01-01

    Faunapassages zijn een veelgebruikt middel om de barrièrewerking van wegen en spoorwegen op te heffen en het aantal aanrijdingen met dieren te beperken. De vraag is nu: Hoe komen we te weten of deze voorzieningen werken?

  12. The environment, geoepidemiology and ANCA-associated vasculitides

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chen, Min; Kallenberg, Cees G. M.

    2010-01-01

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, directed against constituents of granules of neutrophils and lysosomes of monocytes, are serological markers of small vessel vasculitides, including Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Churg-Strauss syndrome and renal-limited vasculitis. These

  13. Advances in Pathogenesis and Treatment of ANCA-associated Vasculitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kallenberg, Cees G. M.

    2014-01-01

    Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) directed to proteinase 3 (PR3-ANCA) and myeloperoxidase (MPO-ANCA) are sensitive and specific markers for their associated diseases, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, formerly Wegener's granulomatosis) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), respect

  14. An Unusual Radiologic Manifestation of Pulmonary Tuberculosis with Bilateral Multiple Lung Nodules and Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage: A Case Report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmonary tuberculosis presenting as bilateral multiple lung nodules or diffuse alveolar hemorrhage is very rare. Here, we report a case of pulmonary tuberculosis presenting as bilateral multiple lung nodules and diffuse alveolar hemorrhage mimicking granulomatous vasculitis, such as Wegener's granulomatosis.

  15. Brief Report

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faurschou, Mikkel; Westman, Kerstin; Rasmussen, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    The NORAM (Nonrenal Wegener's Granulomatosis Treated Alternatively with Methotrexate [MTX]) trial demonstrated that MTX can replace cyclophosphamide (CYC) as remission-inducing treatment for patients with newly diagnosed early systemic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis...

  16. Genetically Distinct Subsets within ANCA-Associated Vasculitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lyons, Paul A.; Rayner, Tim F.; Trivedi, Sapna; Holle, Julia U.; Watts, Richard A.; Jayne, David R. W.; Baslund, Bo; Brenchley, Paul; Bruchfeld, Annette; Chaudhry, Afzal N.; Tervaert, Jan Willem Cohen; Deloukas, Panos; Feighery, Conleth; Gross, Wolfgang L.; Guillevin, Loic; Gunnarsson, Iva; Harper, Lorraine; Hruskova, Zdenka; Little, Mark A.; Martorana, Davide; Neumann, Thomas; Ohlsson, Sophie; Padmanabhan, Sandosh; Pusey, Charles D.; Salama, Alan D.; Sanders, Jan-Stephan F.; Savage, Caroline O.; Segelmark, Mrten; Stegeman, Coen A.; Tesar, Vladimir; Vaglio, Augusto; Wieczorek, Stefan; Wilde, Benjamin; Zwerina, Jochen; Rees, Andrew J.; Clayton, David G.; Smith, Kenneth G. C.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a severe condition encompassing two major syndromes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis) and microscopic polyangiitis. Its cause is unknown, and there is debate about whether it i

  17. Genetically distinct subsets within ANCA-associated vasculitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyons, Paul A; Rayner, Tim F; Trivedi, Sapna;

    2012-01-01

    Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis is a severe condition encompassing two major syndromes: granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly known as Wegener's granulomatosis) and microscopic polyangiitis. Its cause is unknown, and there is debate about whether it is a sing...

  18. Alfred Lameli, Roland Kehrein, Stefan Rabanus (eds): Language and Space. An Internatuinal Handbook of Linguistic Variation. Volume 2. Language Mapping. Part , I, II. Berlin - New York 2010: De Gruyer Mouton, I, 668 s., II, 446 s. (ISBN 978-3-11-019609-2, e-ISBN 978-3-11-021916-6)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šipková, Milena

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 7, - (2015), s. 247-256. ISBN 978-83-7654-182-2. ISSN 1898-9276 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP406/11/1786 Keywords : language/linguistic maps * language/linguistic atlases * computerization of language mapping Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  19. De ontwikkelingsgeschiedenis van Rein van Bemmelens (1904-1983) undatietheorie: veertig jaar Nederlandse geologie

    OpenAIRE

    Willemjan Barzilay

    2009-01-01

    The development of Rein van Bemmelens (1904-1983) undation theory: Forty years of Dutch geology The Dutch geologist Rein van Bemmelen was the greatest opponent of plate tectonics in the Netherlands. He lived and worked during an important period in the history of earth sciences. He had studied geology when Wegeners theory was introduced and enthusiastically received in the Netherlands and he worked as a geologists during the period in which, after Wegeners theory was rejected in the Netherla...

  20. Anforderungen an Expertisen zur Beurteilung von verkehrspsychologischen Nachschulungsmodellen

    OpenAIRE

    Bukasa, Birgit

    2002-01-01

    Gemäß Führerscheingesetz-Nachschulungsverordnung (FSG-NV § 1) betreffen verkehrspsychologische Nachschulungen in Österreich derzeit drei Gruppen: 1. Kraftfahrzeuglenker, deren Lenkberechtigung wegen Verletzung einer in den für den Kraftfahrzeugverkehr relevanten Rechtsvorschriften enthaltenen Alkoholgrenze entzogen wurde oder Probeführerscheinbesitzer, die eine Übertretung des § 4 Abs. 7 FSG begangen haben 2. Kraftfahrzeuglenker, deren Lenkberechtigung wegen eines Verstoßes ...

  1. La Germania e l'avvento dell'Orientalismo: L'Indologia in terra tedesca

    OpenAIRE

    Levatino, Antonina

    2013-01-01

    In der deutschen Kulturgeschichte begründet der Orientalismus einen Forschungsbereich von bemerkenswerter Bedeutung, sowohl wegen seines Beitrages an interessanten Thematiken und Interpretationsvorschlägen, die der Osten der deutschen Kultur anbieten konnte und die ihr ein "anderes" Gedankensystem eröffneten, als auch wegen der genaueren Kenntnis einiger Gesichtspunkte deutscher Kultur, die erst nach der Gegenüberstellung offenkundig werden. Der Ausdruck „Orientalismus“, heute werden ihm spez...

  2. Die Honigbiene: ein Modellorganismus der Neurobiologie : Kognition, Krankheiten und die Moleküle des Lernens bei einem sozialen Insekt

    OpenAIRE

    Grünewald, Bernd; Schneider, Christof; FUCHS, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    Bienen sind wegen ihres Honigs beliebt und wegen ihrer Bestäubungsleistung wirtschaftlich unverzichtbar. Nicht nur in den Vereinigten Staaten nimmt das Bienensterben allerdings bisweilen dramatische Ausmaße an. Auch unsere heimischen Bienenvölker sind bedroht. Das hat eine Vielzahl von Forschungsprojekten zur Biologie der Biene und zu ihrem Schutz initiiert. Das Institut für Bienenkunde der Polytechnischen Gesellschaft und der Goethe-Universität in Oberursel untersucht in einem integrierten F...

  3. Synthesis of spirocyclic scaffolds by aminoallylation/RCM sequence and approach toward the total synthesis of the Macrolide Dictyostatin

    OpenAIRE

    Prusov, Evgeny

    2008-01-01

    Die Dissertation besteht aus zwei Teilen. Der erste Teil beschäftigt sich mit der Synthese von spiroverknüpften Scaffolds. Heterozyklische Spiroverbindungen sind für Medizinische Chemie wegen ihrer potentiellen Mehrzahl durch Derivatisierung und wegen ihrer besonderen Orientierung der Ringe im Raum interessant. Vor kurzem wurde die Ringschluss Metathese Reaktion als direkter Zugang zu den spirozyklischen Systemen anerkannt. Wir fanden heraus, dass die Sequenz der Aminoallylierung von zyklisch...

  4. Curve Counting \\`a la G\\"ottsche

    OpenAIRE

    Kleiman, Steven L.

    2013-01-01

    Let n_\\delta be the number of \\delta-nodal curves lying in a suitably ample complete linear system |L| and passing through appropriately many points on a smooth projective complex algebraic surface. A major open problem is to understand the behavior of n_\\delta, specifically to finish off Lothar G\\"ottsche's mostly proved 1997 conjectures and then go on to treat the new refinements by G\\"ottsche and Vivek Shende. Five subproblems are explained, and work on them is surveyed.

  5. Persistent Identifiers in the Publication and Citation of Scientific Data - Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klump, J.; Brase, J.; Diepenbroek, M.; Grobe, H.; Hildenbrand, B.; Hoeck, H.; Lautenschlager, M.; Sens, I.

    2008-12-01

    In the last decade data driven research has become a third pillar of scientific work alongside with theoretical reasoning and experiment. Greatly increased computing power and storage, together with web services and other electronic resources have facilitated a quantum leap in new research based on the analysis of great amounts of data. However, traditional scientific communication only slowly changes to new media other than an emulation of paper. This leaves many data inaccessible and, in the long run exposes valuable data to the risk of loss. To improve access to data and to create incentives for scientists to make their data accessible, a group of German data centres initiated the project "Publication and Citation of Scientific Data" (STD-DOI) which was funded by the German Science Foundation DFG for the periods 2003-2005 and 2006-2008. In this project the German National Library for Science and Technology (TIB Hannover), together with the German Research Centre for Geoscience (GFZ Potsdam), Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) Bremerhaven, University of Bremen, the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg, and the DLR German Remote Sensing Data Center set up the first system to assign DOIs to data sets and for their publication. A prerequisite for data to be made available is a proper citation. This means that all fields mandatory for a bibliographic citation are included. In addition, a mechanism is needed that ensures that the location of the referenced data on the internet can be resolved at any time. In the past, this was a problematic issue because URLs are short-lived, many becoming invalid after only a few months. Data publication on the internet therefore needs a system of reliable pointers to a web publication to make these publications citeable. To achieve this persistence of identifiers for their conventional publications many scientific publishers use Digital Object Identifiers (DOI). The identifier is resolved through

  6. MaNIDA: Insight into the German Marine Network for Integrated Data Access

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schäfer, Angela; Scientific MaNIDA Team

    2013-04-01

    The Marine Network for Integrated Data Access (MaNIDA) builds a sustainable e-Infrastructure to support discovery and re-use of data from distinct marine and earth science data providers in Germany (see ESSI1.2 and ESSI2.2). Thereby we implement the "Data Portal of German Marine Research" for coherent discovery, view, download and dissemination of aggregated content. MaNIDA receives a unique momentum from the cooperation and financial partnership between main German marine research institutes (AWI, MARUM, HZG, GEOMAR, Uni Hamburg, Uni Kiel, Uni Bremen) and the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency as well as active participation in international and major EU-initiatives (ICSU, GEOSS, SeaDataNet, EMODNET, ODIP). Together with a coherent management strategy coordinated by the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research, sustainability will be achieved via the long-term commitment of framework funding by the Helmholtz Association, Germany's largest scientific research organization for large-scale facilities and scientific infrastructure. Strategic Aims The installation of the "Data Portal of German Marine Research" will address the urgent demands of the German research community for reliable and easy access to marine research data at one single point of access and truth. Primary focus will be given to data derived from nationally operated research and monitoring facilities (vessels, observatories, alert systems, etc), whereby related contextual content and publications will become an integral part of the aggregation effort. For the scientific community we define responsibilities and commitments across partners while complementing existing data repositories and the new portal with well-articulated workflows from the instrument to the data product. Necessary level of quality assurance and user support will be implemented to achieve substantial enhancements in the whole lifecycle management of marine scientific data. The creation of a data

  7. Scientific Drilling in the Arctic Ocean: A challenge for the next decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, R.; Coakley, B.

    2009-04-01

    Although major progress in Arctic Ocean research has been made during the last decades, the knowledge of its short- and long-term paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic history as well as its plate-tectonic evolution is much behind that from the other world's oceans. That means - despite the importance of the Arctic in the climate system - the data base we have from this area is still very weak, and large parts of the climate history have not been recovered at all in sedimentary sections. This lack of knowledge is mainly caused by the major technological/ logistic problems in reaching this permanently ice-covered region with normal research vessels and in retrieving long and undisturbed sediment cores. With the successful completion of IODP Expedition 302 ("Arctic Coring Expedition" - ACEX), the first Mission Specific Platform (MSP) expedition within the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program - IODP, a new era in Arctic research has begun. For the first time, a scientific drilling in the permanently ice-covered Arctic Ocean was carried out, penetrating about 430 meters of Quaternary, Neogene, Paleogene and Campanian sediment on the crest of Lomonosov Ridge close to the North Pole. The success of ACEX has certainly opened the door for further scientific drilling in the Arctic Ocean, and will frame the next round of questions to be answered from new drill holes to be taken during the next decades. In order to discuss and plan the future of scientific drilling in the Arctic Ocean, an international workshop was held at the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI) in Bremerhaven/Germany, (Nov 03-05, 2008; convenors: Bernard Coakley/University of Alaska Fairbanks and Ruediger Stein/AWI Bremerhaven). About 95 scientists from Europe, US, Canada, Russia, Japan, and Korea, and observers from oil companies participated in the workshop. Funding of the workshop was provided by the Consortium for Ocean Leadership (US), the European Science Foundation, the Arctic Ocean Sciences Board, and the

  8. Monthly to seasonal low flow prediction: statistical versus dynamical models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ionita-Scholz, Monica; Klein, Bastian; Meissner, Dennis; Rademacher, Silke

    2016-04-01

    the Alfred Wegener Institute a purely statistical scheme to generate streamflow forecasts for several months ahead. Instead of directly using teleconnection indices (e.g. NAO, AO) the idea is to identify regions with stable teleconnections between different global climate information (e.g. sea surface temperature, geopotential height etc.) and streamflow at different gauges relevant for inland waterway transport. So-called stability (correlation) maps are generated showing regions where streamflow and climate variable from previous months are significantly correlated in a 21 (31) years moving window. Finally, the optimal forecast model is established based on a multiple regression analysis of the stable predictors. We will present current results of the aforementioned approaches with focus on the River Rhine (being one of the world's most frequented waterways and the backbone of the European inland waterway network) and the Elbe River. Overall, our analysis reveals the existence of a valuable predictability of the low flows at monthly and seasonal time scales, a result that may be useful to water resources management. Given that all predictors used in the models are available at the end of each month, the forecast scheme can be used operationally to predict extreme events and to provide early warnings for upcoming low flows.

  9. Postgraduate Education in Earth and Environmental Sciences: an Integrated Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosfeld, K.; Lohmann, G.; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, A.; Burrows, J.; Sprengel, C.; Bijma, J.

    2009-04-01

    Today's graduate and postgraduate education in the field of Earth System and Environmental Science is a highly interdisciplinary and inter-institutional challenge. The integration of observations, palaeoclimate data, and climate modelling requires networks and collaborations of experts and specialists in order to better understand natural climate variations over a broad range of timescales and disciplines, and to cope with the challenges of recent climate change. The existing research infrastructure at the Alfred-Wegener-Institut Bremerhaven (AWI), University of Bremen (Uni-HB), and Jacobs University Bremen offers a unique research environment in north-western Germany to study past, present and future changes of the climate system, with special focus on high latitudinal processes. It covers all kind of disciplines, climate science, geosciences and biosciences, and provides a consistent framework for education and qualification of a new generation of expertly trained, internationally competitive master and PhD students. On postgraduate level, the Postgraduate Programme Environmental Physics (PEP) at University of Bremen (www.pep.uni-bremen.de) educates the participants on the complex relationship between atmosphere, hydrosphere (ocean), cryosphere (ice region) and solid earth (land). Here, the learning of experimental methods in environmental physics at the most advanced level, numerical data analysis using supercomputers, and data interpretation via sophisticated methods prepare students for a scientific career. The foundation of an Earth System Research School (ESSReS) (www.earth-system-science.org) at the AWI enables PhD students from a variety of disciplines to cooperate and exchange views on the common theme of ‘linking data and modelling', leading to a better understanding of local processes within a global context. Computational and conceptual models of the Earth system provide the ability to investigate different scenarios in biogeochemistry, such as the

  10. Modeling acoustic wave propagation in the Southern Ocean to estimate the acoustic impact of seismic surveys on marine mammals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitzke, M.; Bohlen, T.

    2007-12-01

    According to the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty, adopted 1991, seismic surveys in the Southern Ocean south of 60°S are exclusively dedicated to academic research. The seismic surveys conducted by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany during the last 20 years focussed on two areas: The Wedell Sea (60°W - 0°W) and the Amundsen/Bellinghausen Sea (120°W - 60°W). Histograms of the Julian days and water depths covered by these surveys indicate that maximum activities occurred in January and February, and most lines were collected either in shallow waters of 400 - 500 m depth or in deep waters of 2500 - 4500 m depth. To assess the potential risk of future seismic research on marine mammal populations an acoustic wave propagation modeling study is conducted for the Wedell and the Amundsen/ Bellinghausen Sea. A 2.5D finite-difference code is used. It allows to simulate the spherical amplitude decay of point sources correctly, considers P- and S-wave velocities at the sea floor and provides snapshots of the wavefield at any spatial and temporal resolution. As source signals notional signatures of GI-, G- and Bolt guns, computed by the NUCLEUS software (PGS) are used. Based on CTD measurements, sediment core samplings and sediment echosounder recordings two horizontally-layered, range-independent generic models are established for the Wedell and the Amundsen/Bellinghausen Sea, one for shallow (500 m) and one for deep water (3000 m). They indicate that the vertical structure of the water masses is characterized by a 100 m thick, cold, low sound velocity layer (~1440 - 1450 m/s), centered in 100 m depth. In the austral summer it is overlain by a warmer, 50 m thick surface layer with slightly higher sound velocities (~1447 - 1453 m/s). Beneath the low-velocity layer sound velocities increase rapidly to ~1450 - 1460 m/s in 200 m depth, and smoothly to ~1530 m/s in 4700 m depth. The sea floor is mainly

  11. New constraints on the crustal structure in the eastern part of northern Baffin Bay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichert, C. J.; Damm, V.; Altenbernd, T.; Berglar, K.; Block, M.; Ehrhardt, A.; Schnabel, M.

    2010-12-01

    The northern Baffin Bay is a key area for testing plate kinematic models for the Paleocene-Eocene motion of Greenland relative to North America and to decipher the evolution of the thick sedimentary basins in this area. In summer 2010, a multidisciplinary marine geoscientific expedition focusing on the Greenland part of northern Baffin Bay was performed under the direction of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources Hannover, Germany in cooperation with the Alfred-Wegener Institute Bremerhaven. Using 70 days ship time onboard the German R/V Polarstern a comprehensive data set was acquired along profiles extending from the deep oceanic basin in the central part of North Baffin Bay onto the Greenland continental margin in an area which was bordered by the Kane Basin in the North and Disco Island in the South. By means of multi-channel seismic, wide angle seismic, gravimetric and magnetic methods the structural inventory of the crust in the NW Baffin Bay was investigated. Additionally, heat flow data and sediment cores were collected at selected positions along lines across the Greenland continental margin. The cores were extracted for geochemical and geomicrobiological analysis to be used for basin modeling and studying the hydrocarbon potential. Aeromagnetic data was acquired covering part of the marine survey area to investigate magnetic signatures of the oceanic crust and the continental margin. In our presentation we will give an overview of the first results of the expedition with special focus on multi-channel seismic data. With a total length of 3500 km, the initial interpretation of multi-channel seismic data shows that the West Greenland margin is a typical passive continental margin with large rotated basement blocks, listric faults facing mainly seaward, and deep syn-rift-basins in between. The most prominent reflector under the shelf and the slope probably indicates the transition from rifting to drifting and therefore the beginning of

  12. Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dethloff, Klaus; Rex, Markus; Shupe, Matthew

    2016-04-01

    be used to identify specific gaps and parameterization needs. Preliminary modeling and operational forecasting will also be necessary to directly guide field planning and optimal implementation of field resources, and to support the safety of the project. The MOSAiC Observatory will be deployed in, and drift with, the Arctic sea-ice pack for at least a full annual cycle, starting in fall 2019 and ending in autumn 2020. Initial plans are for the drift to start in the newly forming autumn sea-ice in, or near, the East Siberian Sea. The specific location will be selected to allow for the observatory to follow the Transpolar Drift towards the North Pole and on to the Fram Strait. IASC has adopted MOSAiC as a key international activity, the German Alfred Wegener Institute has made the huge contribution of the icebreaker Polarstern to serve as the central drifting observatory for this year long endeavor, and the US Department of Energy has committed a comprehensive atmospheric measurement suite. Many other nations and agencies have expressed interest in participation and in gaining access to this unprecedented observational dataset. International coordination is needed to support this groundbreaking endeavor.

  13. Remotely Operated Vehicles under sea ice - Experiences and results from five years of polar operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katlein, Christian; Arndt, Stefanie; Lange, Benjamin; Belter, Hans Jakob; Schiller, Martin; Nicolaus, Marcel

    2016-04-01

    . Observations of under-ice topography by upward-looking multibeam sonar combined with aerial images provide a unique three dimensional picture of the complexity of the non-uniform sea ice layer. ROV surveys cover the scale of an entire ice floe and are an excellent tool to bridge the scale gap between isolated point measurements and larger scale surveys, such as specifically designed under-ice nets with sensor arrays or surveys by autonomous underwater vehicles (AUV). In the framework of the infrastructure project FRAM (Frontiers in Arctic Marine Monitoring), the Alfred Wegener Institute is in the process of commissioning a new lightweight mobile ROV system for interdisciplinary research underneath sea ice. This new system profits from the acquired experiences and will receive a significantly upgraded suite of scientific sensors, maintaining the rugged and reliable characteristics of the past systems. The interdisciplinary sensor suite will be extended towards the measurement of more oceanographic and biological parameters with a CTD, different fluorometers, and biogeochemical sensors. While basic intervention capabilities are already available, the system can be extended with advanced manipulation and sampling capabilities in the future.

  14. An Integrated Concept on Earth and Environmental Sciences Postgraduate Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grosfeld, Klaus; Lohmann, Gerrit; Ladstätter-Weißenmayer, Annette; Burrows, John; Sprengel, Claudia; Bijma, Jelle

    2010-05-01

    Today's graduate and postgraduate education in the field of Earth System and Environmental Science is a highly interdisciplinary and inter-institutional challenge. The integration of observations, palaeoclimate data, and climate modelling requires networks and collaborations of experts and specialists in order to better understand natural climate variations over a broad range of timescales and disciplines, and to cope with the challenges of recent climate change. The existing research infrastructure at the Alfred-Wegener-Institut Bremerhaven (AWI), University of Bremen, and Jacobs University Bremen offers a unique research environment in north-western Germany to study past, present and future changes of the climate system, with special focus on high latitudinal processes. It covers all kind of disciplines, climate science, geosciences and biosciences, and provides a consistent framework for education and qualification of a new generation of expertly trained, internationally competitive master and PhD students. On postgraduate level, the Postgraduate Programme Environmental Physics (PEP) at the University of Bremen (www.pep.uni-bremen.de) educates the participants on the complex relationship between atmosphere, hydrosphere (ocean), cryosphere (ice region) and solid earth (land). Here, the learning of experimental methods in environmental physics at the most advanced level, numerical data analysis using supercomputers, and data interpretation via sophisticated methods prepare students for a scientific career. Within cooperation with the Ocean University of China (OUC) students are participating one year in the PEP programme during their master studies since 2006, to get finally a double degree of both universities. Based on this successful cooperation a similar programme is in preparation with the Lulea University of Technology, Sweden. The Earth System Science Research School (ESSReS) (www.earth-system-science.org) at the AWI enables PhD students from a variety of

  15. Leaving School — learning at SEA: Regular high school education alongside polar research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatti, Susanne

    2010-05-01

    Against the background of unsatisfactory results from the international OECD study PISA (Program for International Student Assessment), Germany is facing a period of intense school reforms. Looking back at a tradition of school culture with too few changes during the last century, quick and radical renewal of the school system is rather unlikely. Furthermore students are increasingly turning away from natural sciences [1]. The AWI aims at providing impulses for major changes in the schooling system and is offering solid science education not only for university students but also for a larger audience. All efforts towards this goal are interconnected within the project SEA (Science & Education @ the AWI). With the school-term of 2002/03 the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research started HIGHSEA (High school of SEA). The program is the most important component of SEA. Each year 22 high school students (grade 10 or 11) are admitted to HIGHSEA spending their last three years of school not at school but at the institute. Four subjects (biology as a major, chemistry, math and English as accessory subjects) are combined and taught fully integrated. Students leave their school for two days each week to study, work and explore all necessary topics at the AWI. All of the curricular necessities of the four subjects have been rearranged in their temporal sequencing thus enabling a conceptual formulation of four major questions to be dealt with in the course of the three-year program [2]. Students are taught by teachers of the cooperation schools as well as by scientists of the AWI. Close links and intense cooperation between both groups are the basis of fundamental changes in teaching and learning climate. We are organizing expeditions for every group of HIGHSEA-students (e. g. to the Arctic or to mid-Atlantic seamounts). For each student expedition we devise a "real" research question. Usually a single working group at the AWI has a special interest in the

  16. The Patagonian Orocline: Paleomagnetic evidence of a large counter-clockwise rotation during the closure of the Rocas Verdes basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poblete, Fernando; Roperch, Pierrick; Herve, Francisco; Ramirez, Cristobal; Arriagada, Cesar

    2014-05-01

    The southernmost Andes of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego present a prominent arc-shaped structure, the Patagonian Orocline. Despite the fact that this major structure was already described by Alfred Wegener in his famous textbook in 1929, few paleomagnetic studies have been attempted to describe the rotations associated with the formation of the Patagonian Orocline. In this study we present a paleomagnetic and anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) study from more than 130 sites obtained from the Ultima Esperanza region (NS structures at ~51°S) to Península Hardy, south of the Beagle Channel at ~55°S. 45 sites were sampled in early-cretaceous gabbros (gabbro complex), mid-cretaceous tonalites and granodiorites (Canal Beagle group) and Paleocene intrusive rocks (Seno Año Nuevo group) from the South Patagonian batholith, 4 sites from the late Jurassic Hardy formation, a volcanic succession outcropping in Hardy Peninsula and Stewart Island, 9 sites were drilled in the lower cretaceous sedimentary infill of the Rocas Verdes Basin, 3 sites from the Tortuga ophiolite, a quasi-oceanic crust related to the opening of the Rocas Verdes basin. 80 sites were sampled in Cretaceous to Miocene sedimentary rocks from the Magallanes fold and thrust belt and Magallanes Basin. Characteristic Remanent Magnetizations (ChRMs) obtained from the Rocas Verdes Basin tectonic province correspond to secondary magnetizations postdating the early phase of folding. Pyrrhotite is the main magnetic carrier in some of these sites. ChRMs from the South Patagonian Batholith correspond to a primary magnetization. These rocks record about 90° counterclockwise rotations south of the Beagle channel. Few sites from sediments of the Magallanes fold and thrust belt have stable ChRM. The available paleomagnetic results show that no rotation has occurred in the Provincia of Ultima Esperanza (51.5°S), at least, for the last 60 Ma. In the southern part of Provincia de Magallanes and Tierra del Fuego

  17. Is There Really A North American Plate?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krill, A.

    2011-12-01

    Lithospheric plates are typically identified from earthquake epicenters and evidence such as GPS movements. But no evidence indicates a plate boundary between the North American and South American Plates. Some plate maps show them separated by a transform boundary, but it is only a fracture zone. Other maps show an "undefined plate boundary" or put no boundary between these two plates (check Google images). Early plate maps showed a single large American Plate, quite narrow east of the Caribbean Plate (Le Pichon 1968, Morgan 1968). The North and South American Plates became established by the leading textbook Earth (Press & Siever 1974). On their map, from a Scientific American article by John Dewey (1972), these new plates were separated by an "uncertain plate boundary." The reasons for postulating a North American Plate were probably more psychological than geological. Each of the other continents of the world had its own plate, and North American geologists naturally wanted theirs. Similarly, European geographers used to view Europe as its own continent. A single large plate should again be hypothesized. But the term American Plate would now be ambiguous ("Which plate, North or South?") Perhaps future textbook authors could call it the "Two-American Plate." Textbook authors ultimately decide such global-tectonic matters. I became aware of textbook authors' opinions and influence from my research into the history of Alfred Wegener's continental drift (see Fixists vs. Mobilists by Krill 2011). Leading textbook author Charles Schuchert realized that continental drift would abolish his cherished paleogeographic models of large east-west continents (Eria, Gondwana) and small oceans (Poseiden, Nereis). He and his junior coauthors conspired to keep drift evidence out of their textbooks, from the 1934-editions until the 1969-editions (Physical Geology by Longwell et al. 1969, Historical Geology by Dunbar & Waage 1969). Their textbooks ruled in America. Textbooks

  18. Social Interest and the Core Conditions: Could It Be that Adler Influenced Rogers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Richard E.

    1996-01-01

    Presents primary source documentation highlighting the similarities between Alfred Adler's social interest construct and the counselor-oriented core conditions of Carl Rogers. Implications of the similarities are discussed. (Author)

  19. AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS BLOOD PROGRAM AWARD GROUP - LEFT TO RIGHT - SEATED - JOHN S BROWN - MISS

    Science.gov (United States)

    1956-01-01

    AMERICAN NATIONAL RED CROSS BLOOD PROGRAM AWARD GROUP - LEFT TO RIGHT - SEATED - JOHN S BROWN - MISS ELEANOR KIPLINGER - DR SHARP - JESSIE SHEWARD - DR VICTORY - FIRST ROW - GORDON ROMIG - ROBERT BRIGADOI - MIKE VACCARO - ALFRED VALERINO -

  20. 76 FR 63351 - Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ..., Federal Finance. Jeffrey Schramek, Assistant Commissioner, Debt Management Services. Alfred J. Kopec... Senior Executive Service; Financial Management Service Performance Review Board (PRB) AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Treasury. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This notice announces the appointment of members...

  1. Vitamin B1

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Prize Alfred Nobel's Life and Work Teachers' Questionnaire Vitamin B1 - About The Chicken Farm educational game and ... the game window. Reading: "Christian Eijkman, Beriberi and Vitamin B1" - Who was Eijkman and why did he ...

  2. Wandering Around Salvation and Temptation——The Analysis of the Characteristics of Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian; Yan

    2014-01-01

    Prufrock in the poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" is a split character with timidity and hesitation, who wanders around salvation and temptation. This paper tries to analyze his paradoxical psychology with the analysis of the poem.

  3. Wandering Around Salvation and Temptation--The Analysis of the Characteristics of Prufrock

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tian Yan

    2014-01-01

    Prufrock in the poem“The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” is a split character with timidity and hesitation, who wanders around salvation and temptation. This paper tries to analyze his paradoxical psychology with the analysis of the poem.

  4. Jõekaare tornelamu : Siili 6, Tartu = Jõekaare residential tower : Siili 6, Tartu / Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutso, Margit, 1966-

    2009-01-01

    Jõekaare elamurajoonis esimesest austria arhitektide Thomas Pucheri ja Alfred Brambergeri (Atelier Thomas Pucher and Bramberger Arhitects) projekti järgi 2008. a. valminud tornelamust. Sisearhitekt Ulvi Lõhmus, konstruktor Thomas Lorenz. Žürii hinnang kultuurkapitali aastapreemiale esitatud elamule

  5. CSF-PCR in Diagnosis of Lyme Meningitis

    OpenAIRE

    J Gordon Millichap

    2005-01-01

    The sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of a Lyme CSF-PCR assay were evaluated in children from a Lyme-endemic region admitted to the Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, for suspected Lyme meningitis.

  6. Treatment Complications of Lyme Meningitis

    OpenAIRE

    J Gordon Millichap

    2012-01-01

    Researchers at Alfred I duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE, and other Centers in Lyme endemic areas determined the frequency and type of all treatment complications at return visits within 30 days of an initial Lyme meningitis diagnosis.

  7. Ameerika ja Nõukogude Liidu kunstivahetus sulaajal: uhketest avamistest rutakate taandumisteni = Soviet-American art exchanges during the thaw: from bold openings to hasty retreats / Simo Mikkonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mikkonen, Simo, 1978-

    2013-01-01

    Nõukogude Liidu valmidusest kultuurivahetuseks, vahetuste iseloomust ja nendega kaasnenud piirangutest. Ameerika ja Nõukogude kunstiprofessionaalide koostööst vahetusprojektide korraldamisel ning nende tegutsemisvabaduse määrast poliitilise surve all. Alfred Barri rollist näitustevahetuse elluviimisel.

  8. Döblin, Fassbinder ja Biberkopf / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2007-01-01

    Rainer Werner Fassbinderi 13-osaline teleseriaal "Berliin, Alexanderplatz" (1978-1980), mille aluseks on Alfred Döblini samanimeline romaan (1929). Film jookseb Tartu Athenas 25. - 28. IX ja Tallinna Sõpruses 28. - 30. IX

  9. Külalisesinejate sõnavõtud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Ettekandjad: Elisabeth Arnold, Dirk van der Maelen, FranciscoTorres, JiriMashtalka, Demetrios Syllouris, Karoly Lotz, Uwe Gehlen, Michael Sahlin, Tony Gregory, Roma Dovydeniene, Janusz Lewandowski, Ekkehard Pabsch, Jelko Kacir, Jean-Jacques Subrenat, Savas Tsitouridis, Alfred E. Kellermann

  10. Queenfish : luuraja külma sõja aegses Arktikas / William J. Broad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broad, William J.

    2008-01-01

    USA allveelaeva 1970. aasta polaarretkest läbi Arktika paakjää, et kaardistada seni märgistamata merepõhja, otsides ohutuid allveelaevateid. Laeva kaptenit Alfred McLarenit autasustati kangelaslikkuse eest medaliga

  11. Raamatututvustus / Teet Korsten

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korsten, Teet, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Tutvustus: Chandler, Charlotte. See on ainult film: Alfred Hitchcocki elulugu. - Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ja Tuulik, Jüri. Räim, pisike kena kala : valitud lugusid ja toiduretsepte. - [Tallinn] : Kadmirell, c2008

  12. A prospective study assessing patient satisfaction at a large tertiary gynecologic oncology/dysplasia unit

    OpenAIRE

    Pather, Selvan

    2010-01-01

    Selvan Pather1, Davina Tai2, Shannon Philp1, Kathryn Nattress1, Jonathan Carter1, Christopher Dalrymple1, Ken Atkinson11The Sydney Gynaecologic Oncology Group, Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia; 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, University of Sydney, Sydney, AustraliaBackground: Patient satisfaction is an important quality assurance measure in the delivery of health care. We conducted a prospective study to assess pati...

  13. Rock Art Glossary: A Multilingual Dictionary, Expanded Second Edition (First Edition 2001. Edited by Robert G. Bednarik, Ahmed Achrati, Tang Huisheng, Alfred Muzzolini, George Dimitriadis, Dario Seglie, Fernando Coimbra, Yakov A. Sher and Mario Consens. Australian Rock Art Research Association, Inc., Melbourne, 2010; 274 Pages, in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish, with Translation Tables. Price $A 38.00, ISBN 978-0-646-53471-8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shu-Kun Lin

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This is the first dictionary compiled specifically for rock art research. It follows the publication of an English rock art glossary in the journal Rock Art Research in November 2000. To be adopted by the International Federation of Rock Art Organisations (IFRAO, it has been translated by some of the world’s foremost scholars in the field into Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish and Russian. In a discipline that has hitherto been without an agreed terminology, even communication within a single language has been difficult. The proliferation of idiosyncratic terminologies of often academically isolated researchers, many of which have been used by only one scholar, has not only retarded progress and the transference of knowledge, it has led to countless misunderstandings and even personal feuds. The purpose of this dictionary is to create a single terminological standard as well as a cross-lingual uniformity of usage. It focuses particularly on scientific aspects, technical applications and epistemological rigour. It does not set out to create a terminological straitjacket for the discipline, but a common standard of reference, particularly in areas that have in the past been susceptible to greatly differing interpretations. This dictionary comprises sections in ten languages, each listing the same terms alphabetically. It also contains a table interlinking all of these languages, listing all terms explained. This translation table is organised alphabetically according to the English terms. The volume is indispensable for scientific translators, rock art scholars, archaeologists and others concerned with aspects of pre-Historic rock art, and is also intended for the guidance of students and authors working in this field.

  14. 做中国高档轿车细分市场的领军者——访华晨宝马汽车有限公司总裁、中国政府"友谊奖"获得者吴佩德先生%BMW, Leader of Premium Automobile Manufacturer in China An Interview with Mr.Alfred Rupp, President and CEO of BMW Brilliance Automotive Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ 从年初的南方雪灾,5月的汶川地震,8月辉煌的北京奥运会,再到年底席卷全球的金融风暴,已经过去的2008年对于所有中国人来说都是非常特殊的一年.在充满挑战和机遇的2009年,未来对于每个行业来说都充满了太多未知.

  15. Klinische Evaluierung von TIMP-1

    OpenAIRE

    Ganser, Eva-Maria

    2010-01-01

    Die meisten zirkulierenden Tumormarker sind wegen der geringen diagnostischen Sensitivität und Spezifität sowie wegen des geringen "Vorhersagewertes" für das Screening asymptomatischer Personen nicht und für die Primärdiagnose nur selten geeignet. Das Haupteinsatzgebiet vieler Tumormarker ist die Rezidivdiagnostik, wo sie bei regelmäßiger Bestimmung eine Veränderung des Tumorwachstums frühzeitig zeigen können. Im Rahmen dieser Arbeit wurde untersucht, ob sich TIMP-1 als Tumormarker für das...

  16. The application of laboratory tests in pediatric rheumatology practice

    OpenAIRE

    Ece, Aydın; Şahin, Cahit

    2013-01-01

    Rheumatologic diseases in children are an important group of disorders that may lead to severe complications and growth retardation. There are no specific diagnostic tests for rheumatologic diseases, except for anti-nuclear antibody and anti-dsDNA for systemic lupus erythematosus and c-ANCA for Wegener\\'s disease. Because of, taking a detailed patient\\'s medical history and performing a good physical examination most probably can provide a diagnosis, and there is no specific test or “test p...

  17. [Biological treatment of rare inflammatory rheumatic diseases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baslund, B.

    2008-01-01

    The current status of the use of biological medicine in the treatment of adult onset morbus still, Wegeners granulomatosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is reviewed. The need for controlled trials is emphasized. Anti-CD20 treatment for SLE patients with kidney involvement and patients wi...

  18. ANCA-associated vasculitis and malignancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahr, Alfred; Heijl, Caroline; Le Guenno, Guillaume; Faurschou, Mikkel

    2013-01-01

    In this review, we summarise the current understanding of the potential link between cancer and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV), including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's; GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). As is true for many autoimmune or infla...

  19. Morphologische und DNA-analytische Untersuchungen am Spurenmaterial Haar

    OpenAIRE

    Bergelt, Steffen

    2007-01-01

    In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Versuch unternommen, eine Korrelation zwischen der Morphologie des Spurenmaterials Haar und der molekularbiologischen Untersuchung herzustellen. In der Rechtsmedizin waren Haare lange Zeit wegen der technisch schwierigen und zeitintensiven Untersuchungsmethoden eher von untergeordneter Bedeutung. Erst in den letzten Jahren wurden ausreichende wissenschaftliche Grundlagen geschaffen, um im Rahmen der forensischen Spurenkunde spezielle Fragestellungen anhand...

  20. Selbstvergiftung in der Akutmedizin: 2005-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Sorge, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Selbstvergiftung in der Akutmedizin – 2005–2012 Zusammenfassung Ziel. Beschreibung des Trends der akuten Selbstvergiftung in der Notfall- und Intensivmedizin. Methode. Elektronische Akten erwachsener Patienten, die zwischen 2005 und 2012 wegen einer akuten Selbstvergiftung infolge eines Selbstmordversuches (Selbstmordgruppe), einer Berauschung (Intoxikationsgruppe) oder Medikamentenüberdosierung zwecks Schmerzlinderung (Überdosierungsgruppe) in der Notaufnahme...

  1. Deskriptive Studie zum klinischen Outcome nach Implantation einer ConforMIS iUni-Schlittenprothese bei unikompartimentaler Kniegelenksarthrose

    OpenAIRE

    Drastig, Kai Peter

    2013-01-01

    Aufgrund der prognostizierten Bevölkerungsentwicklung ist in Deutschland mit einer Zunahme der Arthrose bedingten Gesundheitskosten zu rechnen. Die Versorgung der unikompartimentalen Gonarthrose mittels Hemischlittenprothese zeigt wegen der deutlich verbesserten klinischen Ergebnisse in den letzten Jahren große Zuwachsraten. Unsere prospektive, einarmige Studie untersuchte das klinische Outcome von 20 Patienten nach Versorgung mit einer individualisierten iUni-Hemischlittenprothese (Confo...

  2. The "Blue Banana" Revisited

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Faludi, A.K.F.

    2015-01-01

    This essay is about the “Blue Banana”. Banana is the name given subsequently by others to a Dorsale européenne (European backbone) identified empirically by Roger Brunet. In a background study to the Communication of the European Commission ‘Europe 2000’, Klaus Kunzmann and Michael Wegener put forwa

  3. Inzetbaarheid van RF en ICP-MS voor de vaststelling van metaalgehalten in verpakkingsmateriaal : Regeling Verpakking en Verpakkingsafval

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Dijk J; van de Beek A; Ritsema R; LAC

    2003-01-01

    In het kader van de "Regeling Verpakking en Verpakkingsafval" worden eisen gesteld aan de gehalten van cadmium, lood, kwik en zeswaardige chroom. De som van de gehalten mag de grens van 100 ug/g niet overschrijden. Wegens analytische beperkingen wordt chroom als totaal chroom (Cr) bepaal

  4. Detektion und Synthese eines liganden-gesteuerten Ionenkanals im mikrofluidischen Analysesystem

    OpenAIRE

    Murr, Angelika

    2011-01-01

    Membranproteine spielen eine wichtige Rolle bei physiologischen Prozessen wie Signalweiterleitung oder Immunreaktion. Deshalb stehen sie im Fokus der pharmakologischen Wirkstoffentwicklung und es besteht großes Interesse, Membranproteinbasierte Biosensoren zu entwickeln, die sich z.B. als Screening-Plattformen eignen. Allerdings stellt die Handhabung von Membranproteinen wegen ihrer amphiphilen Struktur eine große Herausforderung dar. Membranproteine werden meist in Zellkultur ...

  5. Der Gegenübertragungstraum - oder: Das Ping-Pong-Spiel der beiderseitigen Unbewussten

    OpenAIRE

    Bittner, Günther

    2010-01-01

    In einem Brief an Freud hatte Lou Andreas-Salomé wegen des ihr unverständlichen Stillstands einer Analyse um Rat gefragt. Freud antwortete: >>Was man nicht deklinieren kann, das sehe man als - Übertragung an>Alle Substantiva mit der Endung -um sind NeutraKonstruierendes

  6. Black-Box Search by Unbiased Variation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lehre, Per Kristian; Witt, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    The complexity theory for black-box algorithms, introduced by Droste, Jansen, and Wegener (Theory Comput. Syst. 39:525–544, 2006), describes common limits on the efficiency of a broad class of randomised search heuristics. There is an obvious trade-off between the generality of the black-box model...

  7. Pulmonary renal syndromes. II. Etiology and pathogenesis.

    OpenAIRE

    Rankin, J A; Matthay, R A

    1982-01-01

    Numerous systemic diseases share immunopathogenic mechanisms. This article reviews the proposed etiologies and immunopathogenic mechanisms of a group of diseases which share pulmonary and renal abnormalities. Specifically, we discuss the following diseases: Good-pasture's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, progressive systemic sclerosis, Wegener's granulomatosis, lymphomatoid granulomatosis, and Churg-Strauss syndrome. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 2

  8. Biologisk behandling af sjaeldne inflammatoriske reumatiske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baslund, Bo

    2008-01-01

    The current status of the use of biological medicine in the treatment of adult onset morbus still, Wegeners granulomatosis and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is reviewed. The need for controlled trials is emphasized. Anti-CD20 treatment for SLE patients with kidney involvement and patients with...

  9. The ”Blue Banana” Revisited

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Faludi

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay is about the “Blue Banana”. Banana is the name given subsequently by others to a Dorsale européenne (European backbone identified empirically by Roger Brunet. In a background study to the Communication of the European Commission ‘Europe 2000’, Klaus Kunzmann and Michael Wegener put forward the allegedly radical alternative called the “European Bunch of Grapes”. However, the juxtaposition is questionable, and for two reasons. Firstly, Brunet’s frame of reference was France and his point was that, other than how Kunzmann and Wegener present it, his Dorsale barely straddled French territory. It was thus an indictment of the dominant position of Paris and not a comment on European development. Secondly, and importantly, Brunet portrayed the Dorsale as a polycentric urban network with features similar to those which Kunzmann and Wegener ascribe to their Bunch of Grapes. So the implications of the two concepts for European development are the same: Much like the Bunch of Grapes, the Dorsale celebrates, if not urban networks as such, then the particular network in the Rhineland for forming the basis for its prosperity. If it had been the intention of Brunet to make recommendations applicable at the European scale, arguably he would have done much as Kunzmann and Wegener have: recommend polycentric development.

  10. Physik gestern und heute Der Spion, der die Wärme untersuchte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heering, Peter

    2003-11-01

    Der in Massachusetts geborene Benjamin Thompson, der ab 1792 auch den Titel eines Grafen von Rumford führte, ist eine der schillerndsten Figuren der Physikgeschichte. Berühmt wurde er insbesondere wegen seiner Experimente zur Wärmetheorie.http://www.famousamericans.net/benjaminthompsonrumford

  11. Plasma exchange and glucocorticoid dosing in the treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody associated vasculitis (PEXIVAS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walsh, Michael; Merkel, Peter A; Peh, Chen Au;

    2013-01-01

    Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA, Wegener's) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) are small vessel vasculitides collectively referred to as anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). AAV is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality due to uncontrolled disease and...

  12. Autologous Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients With Life Threatening Autoimmune Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-23

    Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch; Graft Versus Host Disease; Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Churg-Strauss Syndrome; Hypersensitivity Vasculitis; Wegener's Granulomatosis; Systemic Lupus Erythematosus; Giant Cell Arteritis; Pure Red Cell Aplasia; Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis; Polyarteritis Nodosa; Autoimmune Thrombocytopenic Purpura; Takayasu Arteritis

  13. Vasculitis Pregnancy Registry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-08

    Vasculitis; Behcet's Disease; CNS Vasculitis; Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis; Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (EGPA); Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS); Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (GPA); Wegener's Granulomatosis; IgA Vasculitis; Henoch-Schoenlein Purpura (HSP); Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA); Polyarteritis Nodosa (PAN); Takayasu Arteritis (TAK); Urticarial Vasculitis; Systemic Vasculitis

  14. Bioenergy markets in a climate constrained world

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, David

    2015-01-01

    Um gefährlichen Klimawandel zu vermeiden, werden starke Emissionsreduktionen im Energie- und Landnutzungs-Sektor benötigt. Zwischen verschiedenen Dekarbonisierungsoptionen sticht Bioenergie hervor, da sie zwei besondere Wege der Emissionsreduktion bietet. Erstens stellt sie wegen ihrer vielseitigen Einsetzbarkeit eine emissionsarme Alternative zu fossilen Brennstoffen in allen Energiesektoren dar. Zweitens kann sie aufgrund ihres Kohlenstoffgehalts in Kombination mit Kohlenstoffabscheidung (C...

  15. Generation of a Catalogue of European Windstorms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varino, Filipa; Baptiste Granier, Jean; Bordoy, Roger; Arbogast, Philippe; Joly, Bruno; Riviere, Gwendal; Fandeur, Marie-Laure; Bovy, Henry; Mitchell-Wallace, Kirsten; Souch, Claire

    2016-04-01

    The probability of multiple wind-storm events within a year is crucial to any (re)insurance company writing European wind business. Indeed, the volatility of losses is enhanced by the clustering of storms (cyclone families), as occurred in early 1990 (Daria, Vivian, Wiebke), December 1999 (Lothar, Martin) or December 2015 (Desmond, Eva, Frank), among others. In order to track winter extratropical cyclones, we use the maximum relative vorticity at 850 hPa of the new-released long-term ERA-20C reanalysis from the ECMWF since the beginning of the 20th Century until 2010. We develop an automatic procedure to define events. We then quantify the severity of each storm using loss and meteorological indices at country and Europe-wide level. Validation against market losses for the period 1970-2010 is undertaken before considering the severity and frequency of European windstorms for the 110 years period.

  16. Infinite potential: what quantum physics reveals about how we should live

    CERN Document Server

    Schafer, Lothar

    2013-01-01

    A hopeful and controversial view of the universe and ourselves based on the principles of quantum physics, offering a way of making our lives and the world better, with a foreword by Deepak Chopra     In Infinite Potential, physical chemist Lothar Schäfer presents a stunning view of the universe as interconnected, nonmaterial, composed of a field of infinite potential, and conscious. With his own research as well as that of some of the most distinguished scientists of our time, Schäfer moves us from a reality of Darwinian competition to cooperation, a meaningless universe to a meaningful one, and a disconnected, isolated existence to an interconnected one. In so doing, he shows us that our potential is infinite and calls us to live in accordance with the order of the universe, creating a society based on the cosmic principle of connection, emphasizing cooperation and community.

  17. Heinz L. Ansbacher (1904-2006).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musty, Richard Rik E

    2007-09-01

    Heinz Ludwig Ansbacher was born in Frankfurt, Germany, on October 21, 1904. He died at his home in Burlington, Vermont, on June 22, 2006, at the age of 101 years. Alfred Adler's influence led Ansbacher to the field of psychology, where he began a lifelong scholarship on the psychology of Alfred Adler. Among Heinz's distinctions and honors were being named a Fulbright lecturer at the University of Kiel, Germany, and serving as president of the North American Society of Adlerian Psychology. Many of us will remember Professor Ansbacher as a person who lived by Adlerian principles: encouraging others while helping them to find a goal in life. PMID:17874904

  18. Networks, Random Graphs and Percolation

    OpenAIRE

    Deprez, Philippe; Wüthrich, Mario V.

    2014-01-01

    The theory of random graphs goes back to the late 1950s when Paul Erd\\H{o}s and Alfr\\'ed R\\'enyi introduced the Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'enyi random graph. Since then many models have been developed, and the study of random graph models has become popular for real-life network modelling such as social networks and financial networks. The aim of this overview is to review relevant random graph models for real-life network modelling. Therefore, we analyse their properties in terms of stylised facts of real...

  19. 王强 From Word to the World:Dog

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    如果你让我在cat和dog之间选择,我会选择dog。猫机敏而狗忠诚。1955年大哲学家怀特海 Alfred North Whitehead在他的《对话集》(Dialogues of Alfred NorthWhitehead) 中说道: “If a dog jumps in your lap, it is because he is fond of you. If a cat does the same thing, it is because your lap is warmer.”

  20. The GNSS-based Ground Tracking System (GTS) of GFZ; from GITEWS to PROTECTS and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falck, Carsten; Merx, Alexander; Ramatschi, Markus

    2013-04-01

    , Education and Consulting for Tsunami Early Warning System) are carried out by a large group of scientists and engineers from (GFZ) German Research Centre for Geosciences and its partners from the German Aerospace Centre (DLR), the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), the GKSS Research Centre, the Konsortium Deutsche Meeresforschung (KDM), the Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), the United Nations University (UNU), the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) and other international partners. Funding is provided by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), Grant 03TSU01 and 03TSU07.

  1. Permafrost as palaeo-environmental archive - potentials and limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schirrmeister, L.; Wetterich, S.; Meyer, H.; Grosse, G.; Schwamborn, G.; Siegert, C.

    2009-04-01

    Since 1994, the Periglacial Research Group of the Alfred Wegener Institute is studying permafrost sequences of the Beringian landmass. The study sites in Siberia cover lake banks on Taymyr Peninsula, coastal sites at the Laptev and the East Siberian Seas, locations in the Lena Delta, at the lower Kolyma river, the middle Lena and the lower Aldan rivers, and the catchment area of the El'gygytgyn crater lake in Chukotka. In Alaska, permafrost tunnels near Fairbanks and Barrow, and coastal sites on the Seward Peninsula coast were studied. In addition, Canadian sites on Herschel Island in the Beaufort Sea and at the adjacent coast of the Yukon plain were studied. Subsurface exposures like tunnels and cellars provided the opportunity for three-dimensional studies of sedimentary and ground ice features, relatively ‘clean' field conditions for in-situ experiments, monitoring procedures, and detailed and repeatable sampling. Permafrost cores were drilled in order to study inaccessible sequences below the terrain surface and shelf sea floor. Cores were transported and stored frozen for further high-resolution analysis. Reference core sections were preserved for subsequent later studies. Terrestrial sediment cores are highly localized records, sometimes problematic in extrapolating horizons in inhomogeneous sediments like ground ice-deformed permafrost deposits, and drill campaigns are usually cost intensive and logistical challenging. Coastal permafrost cliffs often naturally expose large cross sections trough modern and ancient landscapes. Contrary to cores, they provide an opportunity to study the wider context of depositional environments and ground ice features. Due to the relative easy access to coasts and the recurring natural exposure of cliffs by thermo-abrasive wave action they are very convenient study objects for regional comparisons and correlation of past environmental conditions. Finally, palaeogeographical reconstructions are also guided by remote sensing

  2. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2009-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Gramophone Award 2009 võitjatest. Simon Rattle jääb Berliini Filharmoonikute juurde aastani 2018. Alfred Brendel pälvis Jaapani maineka preemia. Uudiseid konkursimaailmast. Christian Thielemannist saab järgmine Dresdeni Riigikapelli peadirigent. Kõlas Preisimaa kuninga Friedrich Suure flööt

  3. Avignoni totaalne teatrifestival / Andres Keil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keil, Andres, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Avignoni teatrifestivalil nähtust. Lähemalt Marc Wolters'i ühemeheteater "Colt Warmers", Chapelle Sainte Claire (Alfred Jarry) "Kuningas Ubu", Herman Hesse "Sidharta" mängituna India teatritrupi poolt, "Movin' Melvin Brown : Me, Ray Charles and Sammy D. Jr" ning Virgine Mirabeau koreograafial tantsuetendus "Shoult I Stay Or..." Art's Fusion esituses

  4. Austraallane näeb inglast / Maria Ulfsak-Šeripova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulfsak-Šeripova, Maria, 1981-

    2009-01-01

    Stephan Elliotti komöödiafilmist "Kerglased kombed" (Inglise-Kanada, 2008), mida võib vaadelda kui Alfred Hitchcocki 1928.a. valminud tummfilmi uusversiooni. Mõlemad põhinevad lõdvalt Noel Cowardi näidendil "Easy Virtue"

  5. Adlerian Counseling: A Practitioner's Approach. Fourth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Thomas J.

    Written with the practitioner in mind, this overview of the theory and practice of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology explains the dimensions and uses of natural and logical consequences--the twin bases of Adlerian/Individual Psychology. The text takes a practical approach to the topic, and covers a variety of settings (school, home, community,…

  6. Interventions and Strategies in Counseling and Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Richard E., Ed.; Carlson, Jon, Ed.

    This book acknowledges the contributions of Alfred Adler and illustrates the many ways in which Adlerian ideas underpin and influence contemporary therapeutic approaches. It brings together today's leading thinkers to address the practice of counseling and psychotherapy from a social-cognitive perspective. Contributors apply the basic ideas of…

  7. Retrospect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Anthony

    1971-01-01

    A collection of essays on education printed in The New Era during the 1920-1930 era and written by: Beatrice Ensor, A. S. Neill, G. Bernard Shaw, Adolphe Ferriere, C. G. Jung, Martin Buber, Alfred Adler, Harold Rugg, Ovide Decroly, and Paul Langevin. (SE)

  8. Active Parenting Now: Program Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkin, Michael H.

    Based largely on the theories of Alfred Adler and Rudolf Dreikurs, this parent education curriculum is a video-based interactive learning experience that teaches a comprehensive model of parenting to parents of children ages 5 to 12 years. The kit provides parents with the skills needed to help their children develop courage, responsibility, and…

  9. The Integration of Christian Spirituality and Learning in Counselor Education: A Lesson from Adler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCurdy, Kenneth

    The relationship between spirituality, and counseling and psychotherapy has been given increased attention in recent years. The author suggests that the teachings of Alfred Adler may assist counselor educators in integrating faith and learning in an unimposing manner respectful of religious tenets, focusing on spirituality, which can include…

  10. Missing Data: Discovering the Private Logic of Adult-Wary Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seita, John

    2010-01-01

    In his classic book, "The Problem Child," Alfred Adler (1930) noted that if educators do not understand the "private logic" and goals of a young person, their interventions may do more harm than good. But it is not a natural process to empathize with persons who fight their well-intended efforts to help. Adults and young people are often pitted as…

  11. Democracy in the Hearing Impaired Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, James F.; Moore, Marian B.

    1974-01-01

    In an attempt to reduce classroom misbehavior and encourage positive accomplishments among congenitally deaf children, a democratic theoretical model based on the concepts of Alfred Adler and Rudolf Dreikurs was applied with 27 deaf children (ages 4 to 9 years) in four classes. (LC)

  12. Foreign Language in the Workplace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Richard D., Ed.; Moore, Sarah Jane, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Articles in this theme issue of the journal, devoted to the subject of languages in the workplace, include: "Language Use in International Research" (Eugene Garfield, Alfred Welljams-Dorof); "The Foreign Language Needs of U.S.-Based Corporations" (Carol S. Fixman); "Foreign Language Use Among International Business Graduates" (Richard D. Lambert);…

  13. The Palgrave centenary companion to Principia mathematica

    CERN Document Server

    Griffin, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    To mark the centenary of the 1910 to 1913 publication of the monumental Principia Mathematica by Alfred N. Whitehead and Bertrand Russell, this collection of fifteen new essays by distinguished scholars considers the influence and history of PM over the last hundred years.

  14. Oscaritest ilmajäänute edetabelit juhib Hitchcock

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ameerika telekanali Turner Classic Movies korraldatud küsitluse põhjal on kõige suurem ebaõnn režissööridest Alfred Hitchcock'il, kes kandideeris 6 korral oma filmidega parima filmi Oscarile ja ei võitnud. Ka teistest nimekirja hääletatutest

  15. Hitshkok vozglavil spissok rezhissjorov-neudatshnikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Ameerika telekanali Turner Classic Movies korraldatud küsitluse põhjal on kõige suurem ebaõnn režissööridest Alfred Hitchcock'il, kes kandideeris 6 korral oma filmidega parima filmi Oscarile ja ei võitnud. Ka teistest nimekirja hääletatutest

  16. KLENK 2005 / Hans Ruus ; fotod: Hans Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Hans

    2006-01-01

    Kesk-Lääne Eesti Noorte Koondise traditsioonilised kultuuripäevad toimusid 24. - 26. novembrini 2005 Indianapolises. Ettekannetega esinesid: Enn Kiilaspea ja Alfred Strickholm, rahvamuusikat esitas ansambel "Siilikesed" Andres Peekna juhtimisel. 26. novembril peeti üldkoosolek, ettekannetega esinesid Taavo Virkhaus, Tiina Jaagosild ja Ylo Anson. Ülevaade toimunust

  17. Appraising Birth Order in Career Assessment: Linkages to Holland's and Super's Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Frederick T. L.; Hartung, Paul J.; Goh, David; Gaylor, Michael

    2001-01-01

    Study 1 (n=159) found significant differences in vocational personality types, interests, and values depending on birth order. Study 2 (n=119) found significant differences in occupational interests by birth order. Both results support Alfred Adler's theory that birth order determines aspects of vocational behavior. (Contains 33 references.) (SK)

  18. Birth Order Positions and Personality Traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tharbe, Ida Hartini Ahmad; Harun, Lily Mastura Hj.

    The growing concern for the development of teenagers has brought up issues regarding the role of the family system in shaping the personality traits of children. Alfred Adler (1870-1937), an Austrian psychiatrist who introduced the psychological/therapeutic model, "Individual Psychology," highlighted the importance of birth order positions in…

  19. "The Dethronement of Yata."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, George W.

    1994-01-01

    Reflects on the Lakota myth of the winds from a psychological-sociological point of view with the purpose of destroying several false myths relating to children and family dynamics. Recounts the myth and relates it to Alfred Adler's views of the family constellation and birth order as a basis for personality determination. (RAH)

  20. 75 FR 39529 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    .... Hamilton, Manager/Chairman/CEO, Application Type: Trade Name Change CIL Freight Inc. (OFF), 1990 Lakeside... (Qualifying Individual), Alfred Kuehlewind, CEO/Secretary/Treasurer, Application Type: New OFF & NVO License.... Officers: Jie Zhang, Secretary (Qualifying Individual), Yong Li, President/CEO, Application Type: QI...

  1. Fiating Utopia: A Negative View of the Emergence of World Order Counterplans and Futures Gaming in Policy Debate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsulas, John P.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Critiques the views of Alfred Snider and Richard Edwards, who defend simultaneous advocacy of utopian and policy claims and promote utopian gaming. Argues that conceptions of debate theory promoting utopian advocacy are uneducational. Claims that fiat theory should be restricted to assumptions grounded in real world policy making processes. (MM)

  2. Reflections on Leadership Characteristics Necessary To Develop and Sustain Learning School Communities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diggins, Patrick B.

    1997-01-01

    Reflects on what schools must do to become genuine learning organizations. Traditional organizational culture was typically inward looking, centralized, and insular. Bureaucratic systems make schools structurally ineffective. Mintzberg's varied government and normative-control models are less suitable for education than Alfred C. Crane's…

  3. Ke Ha'a La Puna i Ka Makani: Pele and Hi'iaka Mo'olelo and the Possibilities for Hawaiian Literary Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ho'omanawanui, ku'ualoha

    2013-01-01

    In 2003, the University of Hawai'i sponsored a symposium titled "Indigenizing the University." This symposium featured indigenous scholars such as Linda Tuhiwai Smith, Graham Smith, and Taiaiake Alfred, who addressed how indigenous political theory and methods of research were necessary to support indigenous research and how changes…

  4. Birth Order and Maladaptive Behavior in School-Aged Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmichael, Karla D.

    Drawing on Alfred Adler's theories on the effect of birth order on maladaptive behavior in children, this study focused on the relationship between birth order and the referral to counseling of school-aged children with maladaptive disorder. School-aged children (N=217) with academic or behavioral problems, ages 5 to 18, were referred to the staff…

  5. Phenomenology of experiential sharing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    León, Felipe; Zahavi, Dan

    2016-01-01

    The chapter explores the topic of experiential sharing by drawing on the early contributions of the phenomenologists Alfred Schutz and Gerda Walther. It is argued that both Schutz and Walther support, from complementary perspectives, an approach to experiential sharing that has tended to be...

  6. The Role of Guidance and Counseling in Enhancing Student Discipline in Secondary Schools in Koibatek District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salgong, Victor Kipkemboi; Ngumi, Owen; Chege, Kimani

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the role of guidance and counseling in enhancing student discipline in secondary schools in Koibatek district. The study was guided by Alfred Adler (1998) theory of personality, and humanistic theory of Albert Bandura (1995) social learning model. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design.…

  7. Emad kinolinal / Maria Ulfsak-Sheripova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ulfsak-Šeripova, Maria, 1981-

    2007-01-01

    Filmid : Roger Mitchelli "Ema", Douglas Sirki "Kõik, mida taevas lubab", Rainer Werner Fassbinderi "Hirm närib hinge seest", Todd Haynesi "On taevas nii kaugel", Alfred Hitchcocki "Psühho", Woody Alleni "New Yorgi lood", Lars von Trieri "Idioodid", "Alieni" filmid, Pedro Almodovari "Kõik minu emast" ja Catherine Breillat' "Romanss"

  8. Limits to Scale and Scope

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt; Sørensen, Peter

    2007-01-01

    The seminal work of Alfred Chandler was based on observations relating to the so-called second industrial revolution. They concerned the development of the large modern manufacturing company and the paths of that development. This article attempts to apply the framework to a failed Danish...

  9. Civilizace

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lahoda, Vojtěch

    Řevnice : Arbor vitae, 2011 - (Rousová, H.), s. 209-210 ISBN 978-80-87164-64-8 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Protectorate * Oskar Spengler * Alfred Rosenberg * Zygmunt Bauman * surrealism Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  10. 78 FR 68687 - Final Additional Airworthiness Design Standards: Advanced Avionics Under the Special Class (JAR...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-15

    ... on September 2, 2003 (68 FR 56809). The regulation applicable to the Amended Type Certificate (TC... Aquila AT01-100 airplane to include Night-VFR as shown in NPRM 75 FR 32576. In conjunction with the... Register on September 6, 2013, (78 FR 54792). One comment was received from Mr. Alfred Schmiderer...

  11. Krause mantlipärijad? / Tiit Sild

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sild, Tiit, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Rebase tänava arhitektuurikonkursist, kutsutud oli 6 arhitektuuribürood. Lähemalt võidutööst "The River Goes Wide" (autorid austria arhitektid Thomas Pucher, Alfred Bramberger, Heidrun Steinhauser, Martin Mathy, Christa Pucher, Georg Auinger, insenerid Peter Mandl, Günther Rucher)

  12. Decentralization of Management in Colleges and Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, George M.

    1979-01-01

    Alfred University has developed a Management Information System intended to support decentralized management, with more decision-making responsibilities delegated to academic managers. Information systems, curriculum interaction modeling, program costs, budget preparation and planning, and a training program for academic managers are discussed.…

  13. Bagatellid : maailm / Mirjam Tally

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tally, Mirjam, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Endine lapsgeenius Elisha Abas kakskümmend neli aastat hiljem. La Scalas on streik. Arhitekt disainis klaveri. Alfred Brendel lõpetab 2008. aastal avalikud esinemised. Noored dirigendid mainekate sümfooniaorkestrite ees. Maailma suurima digitaalse orkestri debüüt. Kunstinäitus otsib muusika ja kunsti seoseid. Suri Karlheinz Stockhausen

  14. The Courage to Teach: Whitehead, Emotion, and the Adventures of Ideas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodhouse, Howard Robert

    2012-01-01

    The importance of moral courage to teaching and learning has been recognized by a number of authors. The process pedagogy of Alfred North Whitehead proposes that emotion is central to experience and to the imaginative questioning which enables learning and the ability to stand up for one's beliefs. Faculty who wish to connect with their students…

  15. Miks pole Rosenberg õnnestunud valik? / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2011-01-01

    Autor avaldab arvamust seoses Eesti Ajaloo muuseumi Suurgildi hoone uue püsinäitusega „VISA HING. 11 000 aastat Eesti ajalugu", kus tuntud inimeste hulgas on kajastatud ka Tallinnas õppinud ja töötanud hilisema Saksamaa Ida-alade riigiministri Alfred Rosenbergiga seonduvat ja mille eksponeerimine keelati Eesti Vabariigi kultuuriministeeriumi poolt

  16. Workplace Diversity Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999

    This document contains three symposium papers on workplace diversity issues. "Expanding Theories of Career Development: Adding the Voices of African American Women in the White Academy" (Mary V. Alfred) questions the validity of existing career development models for women and minority groups and examines the professional development of five…

  17. A Threat to Accreditation: Defamation Judgment against an Accreditation Team Member.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flygare, Thomas J.

    1980-01-01

    Delaware Law School founder Alfred Avins successfully sued accreditation team member James White for defamation as a result of comments made in 1974 and 1975. An appeals brief claims Avins was a "public figure," that he consented to accreditation, and that the accreditation process deserves court protection against such suits. (PGD)

  18. Tuxedo Park: a Wall Street Tycoon and the secret palace of science that changed the course of World War II

    CERN Multimedia

    Garvin, G

    2002-01-01

    Review of Jennet Conant's new book describing the life and work of Alfred Loomis, an investment banker turned physicist who helped win WW11 by assembling teams of researchers who developed first radar and then the atomic bomb (1/2 page).

  19. "Soka Kyoikugaku Taikei" versus "Education for Creative Living": How Makiguchi Tsunesaburo's Educational Ideas Are Presented in English

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inukai, Nozomi

    2013-01-01

    The only available English translation of Makiguchi Tsunesaburo's most characteristic work, "Soka Kyoikugaku Taikei" ("The System of Value-Creating Pedagogy"; 1930-1934), was published as "Education for Creative Living" in 1989 with Alfred Birnbaum as the translator and Dayle M. Bethel as the editor. "Education for Creative Living", not…

  20. An Analysis on the Heroine in the Movie Spellbound from the perspective of Feminism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵曼铃

    2014-01-01

    Spellbound is one of the psychoanalysis masterpieces of Alfred Hitchcock.However under the psychoanalysis,the feminist consciousness can’t be ignored.The essay will analyze how the heroine challenges and resists patriarchy culture,and smashes the subject-object status between the two sexes.

  1. An Analysis on the Heroine in the Movie Spellbound from the perspective of Feminism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵曼铃

    2014-01-01

    Spellbound is one of the psychoanalysis masterpieces of Alfred Hitchcock. However under the psychoanalysis, the feminist consciousness can’t be ignored. The essay will analyze how the heroine challenges and resists patriarchy culture, and smashes the subject-object status between the two sexes.

  2. Learning, Work, and Language Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weber, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    The article provides an example of psycho-societal analysis of work related learning. Initially a conceptual framework of learning and life experience is established drawing on Alfred Lorenzer and Oskar Negt, and the interactional development of psychoanalysis. A case of learning experience from...

  3. Learning, Work and Language Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weber, Kirsten

    2012-01-01

    The article provides an example of psycho-societal analysis of work related learning. Initially a conceptual framework of learning and life experience is established drawing on Alfred LORENZER and Oskar NEGT, and the interactional development of psychoanalysis. A case of learning experience from...

  4. The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1660-1783

    OpenAIRE

    I.C. Little

    2012-01-01

    The author of this book, Alfred Thatcher Mahan, is to naval warfare what Clausewitz is to land warfare and his books are the source of many quotations and arguments over strategy, and above all, the meaning of seapower. It was thus with a feeling of renewing an old acquaintanceship that I approached this attractively bound green and gold book.

  5. The Influence of Sea Power Upon History 1660-1783

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.C. Little

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The author of this book, Alfred Thatcher Mahan, is to naval warfare what Clausewitz is to land warfare and his books are the source of many quotations and arguments over strategy, and above all, the meaning of seapower. It was thus with a feeling of renewing an old acquaintanceship that I approached this attractively bound green and gold book.

  6. Miks laps ei kuula sõna? / Tiia Kõnnussaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõnnussaar, Tiia

    2004-01-01

    USA psühholoogid Francis X. Walton ja Robert L. Powers, kes on Alfred Adleri koolkonna esindajad, väidavad, et laps, kes käitub halvasti, on alati laps, kes tunneb end ebakindlalt. Artiklis on kasutatud raamatut: Francis X. Walton ja Robert L. Powers. Kuidas saavutada laste poolehoid. TÜ Kirjastus, 2001

  7. Fænomenologisk sociologi og konstruktivisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bo, Inger Glavind

    hvilke implikationer har pespektivet for forståelse af mennesket og dets omverden? Hvordan skal vi forstå den fænomenologiske sociologis videnskabsteoretiske tilgang? Som hovedleverandører til dette videnskabsteoretiske fundament er - foruden den østrisk-amerikanske sociolog Alfred Schutz også de to...

  8. Cross-disciplinary academic partnership produces new materials journal

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2005-01-01

    Virginia Tech's staff of the Journal of Undergraduate Materials Research (JUMR), a journal created for undergraduate student research in materials science and engineering, has published the "Alfred Knobler Inaugural Issue" and presented it to the Virginia Tech Materials Science and Engineering Advisory Board.

  9. A Measure of Failure: The Political Origins of Standardized Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrison, Mark J.

    2009-01-01

    How did standardized tests become the measure of performance in our public schools? In this compelling work, Mark J. Garrison attempts to answer this question by analyzing the development of standardized testing, from the days of Horace Mann and Alfred Binet to the current scene. Approaching the issue from a sociohistorical perspective, the author…

  10. Moliere: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guicharnaud, Jacques, Ed.

    One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Jacques Guicharnaud, Rene Bray, Gustave Lanson, Alfred Simon, Will G. Moore, Ramon Fernandez, Paul Benichou, Lionel Gossman, Andre Villiers, James Doolittle, H. Gaston Hall, Robert J. Nelson, Jacques Copeau, Charles…

  11. THE USE OF FLY ASH IN THE PRODUCTION OF SIALON BASED STRUCTURAL CERAMICS

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA GRANT NUMBER: X832541C004Title: The Use of Fly Ash in the Production of SiAlON based Structural CeramicsInvestigator: James R. VarnerInstitution: Alfred UniversityEPA Project Officer: S. Bala KrishnanProject Perio...

  12. Romanian Contribution to the Development of Lead Cooled Fast Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Romania the nuclear energy is considered an important component of energy mix and for a country sustainable development. Presently based on PHWR CANDU technology, the research and development activities, part of the national nuclear power programme, provide an increased effort towards generation 4, dedicated to support fast reactor lead technology. In the European framework (EU R&D Framework Programmes, European Sustainable Nuclear Industry Initiative) devoted to the development of GenerationIV technologies, Romania is contributing as a partner in EU R&D projects together with a large number of EU research organizations and in the ALFRED MoU, having ANSALDO Nucleare, ENEA and INR as initial members. ALFRED (Advanced Lead Fast Reactor European Demonstrator) project aims to build a 125MWe lead cooled fast reactor demonstrator, connected to the electrical network, with a target date for operation start-up in 2025. In February 2011 Romanian Government approved the option to host ALFRED demonstrator. Based on the access to European structural funds, existing nuclear experience and EU orientation to build the demonstrators in the new member states, Romania is an important option for siting process. An investigation of the existing national capabilities, identification of additional infrastructure and identification of the professional development needs in order to prepare the siting national support are presented in the paper. The main approaches and needed resources to meet expected requirements for ALFRED implementation are discussed as well. (author)

  13. Venemaal sotsiaaldemokraatiat otsimas / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Partei (ESP) ja Alfred Moseri fondi koostöös toimunud visiidist Venemaale, kus osalesid mitme Lääne sotsiaaldemokraatliku partei esindajad, kohtumisest endise Jabloko esimehe Grigori Javlinski, Venemaa Sotsiaaldemokraatliku Partei looja Mihhail Gorbatshovi ja selle praeguse esimehe Vladimir Kishenini ning partei Õiglane Venemaa juhi Sergei Mironoviga

  14. Exploring the Significance of Resource-Rich Views in Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siry, Christina

    2011-01-01

    In a recently published article in Cultural Studies of Science Education (Volume 6, Issue 2) titled, "What does playing cards have to do with science? A resource-rich view of African American young men", Alfred Schademan (Cult Stud Sci Educ 6:361-380, "2011") examines the resources that African American young men learn through playing a card came…

  15. 78 FR 46295 - Enterprise Underwriting Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ..., 2012, at 77 FR 3958, is withdrawn as of July 31, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Alfred M... an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking at 77 FR 3958 (January 26, 2012) and received comments from... Proposed Rulemaking at 77 FR 36086 (June 15, 2012) that proposed maintaining the current Agency...

  16. A. A. Berzin and His Memoir

    OpenAIRE

    Yablokov, A. V.

    2008-01-01

    Alfred A. Berzin began to study whales in 1955 at the Pacific Research and Fisheries Center (TINRO) in Vladivostok where he is still working at the present time. In the years before the rapid development of Soviet whaling only two fleets (Aleut and Second Kuril) were hunting whales.

  17. Loodus, mu armsaim ülikool / Andra Pihlas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlas, Andra

    2006-01-01

    Alfred Vogelist, kes oli ravimtaimede tundja, rändur, toitumisteadlane, publitsist, maailmamainega lektor ja ühe tuntuima firma looja (Bioforce AG). Vt. samas ka artiklit: Silvi Mänd "Punase päevakübara imejõud"

  18. Power laws in the information production process Lotkaian informetrics

    CERN Document Server

    Egghe, Leo

    2005-01-01

    Explains many informetric regularities, only based on a decreasing power law as size-frequency function, that is Lotka''s law. This book revives the historical formulation of Alfred Lotka and shows the power of this power law, both in classical aspects of informetrics as well as in applications such as social networks and others.

  19. Letni sezon : ot avangardista do "Sjurrealistov" / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Suvelavastustest: Andrus Kivirähk "Sürrealistid" Viinistus (lavastaja Hendrik Toompere jun), Mart Kivastik "Kits viiuli ja õngega" Viinistus (lavastaja Raimo Pass), Alfred Jarry "Kuningas Ubu" Teater NO99 Haapsalu Kiltsi lennuvälja angaarides (lavastajad Ene-Liis Semper ja Tiit Ojasoo), Jaan Tätte "Kaev" Tallinna Linnateatri siseõues (lavastaja Indrek Sammul)

  20. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2009-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Tõusev täht Yuja Wang. Berliini Filharmoonikute tiigrihüpe. Alfred Brendel jättis lavaeluga hüvasti. Midem Classical Awards 2009. Leipzigi Gewandhaus-orkester streikis esmakordselt ajaloos. Charles Dutoit sai Verbier' festivaliorkestri peadirigendisks. Muusikaplaat paavst Johannes Paulus II luulest