Sample records for alexei norairovich sissakian

  1. Alexei Norairovich Sissakian (1944-2010)

    CERN Multimedia


    The Directorate of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR, Dubna) deeply regrets to announce that Academician Alexei Norairovich Sissakian, the Director of JINR, a member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a distinguished theoretical physicist and organizer of scientific research based on broad international cooperation, passed away on 1 May 2010 in his 66th year of life. Alexei Norairovich Sissakian was born on 14 October 1944 in Moscow. In 1968 he graduated from the Physics Faculty of the M. Lomonosov Moscow State University and started work at the JINR Laboratory of Theoretical Physics under the guidance of Academician N.N. Bogoliubov. The main scientific activities of A.N. Sissakian concerned elementary particle physics, approximation methods and equations of quantum field theory with nontrivial geometry, symmetry and topology, and the physics of strong interactions at high temperatures and densities. He initiated and headed the largest project of JINR towards the constructi...

  2. PREFACE: Alexei Zamolodchikov Alexei Zamolodchikov (United States)

    Bazhanov, V.; Belavin, A.; Pugai, Y.; Tsfasman, M.; Zamolodchikov, A.


    Alexei Zamolodchikov, a prominent theoretical physicist, passed away on the night of 18 October 2007. His untimely death is a great loss for science, and for everybody who knew and loved him. The heartbreak and pain of his departure cannot be rendered in words; it is also difficult to describe in a brief note the remarkable contributions of Alexei Zamolodchikov to different areas of theoretical physics and to depict the grace of his personality. Alexei Zamolodchikov loved Russia, and felt acutely for the plight of our country. His last position was at the Poncelet Laboratory in Moscow. This year he was going to give a course for undergraduate and graduate students at the Independent University of Moscow. The first lecture was to be given on 10 October 2008. The principal scientific accomplishments of A Zamolodchikov are in the area of quantum field theory. These are works on integrable field theory and the factorized scattering theory; basic results on conformal field theory; a pioneering and fundamental contribution to two-dimensional Liouville gravity and the related non-critical string theory. A Zamolodchikov's ideas were always original and deep. Here is a brief list of some of them: •The creation of the theory of factorized S-matrices. •The discovery of recursive relations for conformal blocks, the key objects of conformal field theory. •Understanding the nature of operator product expansions in conformal perturbation theory. •The discovery of the thermodynamic Bethe anzatz in quantum field theories. •Establishing the exact relation between different scales in integrable field theories. •Construction of the conformal bootstrap in Liouville field theory, including the theory with boundary and the one on the pseudo-sphere. •The discovery of higher equations in Liouville field theory. •The explicit formula for the 4-point function in minimal string theory. A Zamolodchikov died at the high point of his career, as his talent flourished, in the midst

  3. Alexei Andreevich Anselm (United States)

    Diakonov, D. I.


    Alexei Andreevich was born on July 1, 1934. During the war, he was evacuated to Kazan. In 1951 he enrolled at the physics department of Leningrad University. He graduated with honors in 1956 and then enrolled at the Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute. Among the teachers who influenced him most, in his view, were K.A. Ter-Martirosyan, I.M. Shmushkevich, L.D. Landau (with whom he once entered into a scientific dispute. more on this below) and of course his older colleague V.N. Gribov, with whom he did many joint works...

  4. Role of Academician N.M. Sissakian in space biomedicine formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Role of Academician N.M. Sissakian in space biomedicine formation is discussed dedicated to the 90th anniversary from his birthday. It is shown that Sissakian layers the foundation of new branch of science - space biomedicine. He participated in the programs of preparing man to space flight, paid attention to the problems of exobiology, gravitation, ontogenesis in mammals under weightlessness conditions, radiation safety in space flight, life support under space flight conditions, social-psychological activities of astronauts. Academician introduced the achievements of cosmic investigations into earth science practice, paid great attention to the international cooperation

  5. Alexei Scheludko (1920-1995: Bibliography [In Bulgarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.V. Toshev


    Full Text Available All publications, written by Prof. Dr. Alexei Scheludko (1920-1995, are listed. Prof. Scheludko, f. head of the Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Sofia, and an active member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, is a founder of the scientific school of colloid science in Bulgaria. He is among the most eminent Bulgarian scholars.

  6. Quantum field theories in two dimensions collected works of Alexei Zamolodchikov

    CERN Document Server

    Pugai, Yaroslav; Zamolodchikov, Alexander


    Volume 1 is a collection of reprinted works of Alexei Zamolodchikov who was a prominent theoretical physicist of his time. It contains his works on conformal field theories, 2D quantum gravity, and Liouville theory. These original contributions of Alexei Zamolodchikov have a profound effect on shaping the fast developing areas of theoretical physics. His ideas are expressed lucidly, such as the recursive relation for conformal blocks and the structure of conformal bootstrap in Liouville theory, including the boundary Liouville theory. These ideas are at the foundation of the subject and they are of great interest to a wide community of physicists and mathematicians working in diverse areas. This volume is a part of the 2-volume collection of remarkable research papers that can be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students specializing in string theory, conformal field theory and integrable models of QFT. It is also highly relevant to experts in these fields. Volume 2 includes Alexei Zamolodchikov's w...

  7. IN MEMORIAM: In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin (United States)


    2008 In Memoriam of Alexei M Oparin (1964-2008) Alexei (Lesha) Oparin passed away on 4 Decembe

  8. Ideas of Alexei Nikishenkov about the Course of “Primitive Society”: Big Problems or Problems of Big Value?


    Туторский, Андрей Владимирович


    Alexei Nikishenkov started teaching the Prehistory course in 1986. It was quite clear to him that the prehistoric societies covered this course were diverse and not homogenous. Nikishenkov diverged from the approach presented in the three-volume book “The History of the Primitive Society” edited by Valeriy Alexeev, Abraham Pershitz and Yuriy Semenov, in which different historical, geographical, and economic societies were merged together to form the structure of a nonexistent “Primitive-State...

  9. New co-operation agreement between CERN and JINR

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin


    CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer (left) and JINR Director Alexei Sissakian (right). On Thursday 28 January, CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer and JINR Director Alexei Sissakian signed a new enlarged co-operation agreement to continue and enhance the scientific and technical co-operation of the two institutes in the field of high-energy physics. CERN and JINR have a long and successful history of collaboration extending back to the earliest days of their existence. The first informal meeting on international co-operation in the field of high-energy accelerators took place at CERN in 1959. It was attended by senior scientists from the United States, the USSR (including JINR) and CERN. Both JINR and CERN have played the role of a bridge between East and West for decades, contributing to the development of international scientific co-operation. In 1992 JINR signed a co-operation agreement with CERN that included an important number of protocols covering JINR’s participation in the construction of th...

  10. Reaction to the CIA flights over Europe : article 7 of TEU revisted / Alexei Dimitrov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dimitrov, Alexei


    Euroopa Liidu lepingu artiklist 7 ja Euroopa Parlamendi resolutsioonist 14. veebruar 2007 (P6_TA-PROV(2007)0032 Kinnipeetavate transport ja ebaseaduslik kinnipidamin - Euroopa Parlamendi resolutsioon LKA poolt kinnipeetavate transpordiks ja ebaseaduslikuks kinnipidamiseks Euroopa riikide väidetava kasutamise kohta (2006/2200(INI)) ; TEU = Treaty on European Union)

  11. CMS Honours Three Russian and Bielorussian companies

    CERN Multimedia


    On 7 March, CMS handed out the three latest Gold Awards under its scheme for honouring its best suppliers suppliers (c.f. Bulletin n°10/2003). Three Russian and Bielorussian firms were honoured, on the occasion of a visit by dignitaries from the two countries. CERN played host to Anatoly Sherbak, Head of the Fundamental Research Department of the Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Science, Ambassador Sergei Aleinik, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Belarus to the Office of the United Nations at Geneva, Andrei Pirogov, Assistant Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the Office of the United Nations, and Alexei Sissakian, Vice Director of the JINR (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) at Dubna in Russia. The directors of the three Russian and Bielorussian firms have received their awards and are seen with the visiting Russian and Bielorussian dignitaries and the CMS leaders in front of the CMS hadron calorimeter, on the spot where the detector is being assembled.These promi...

  12. Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids" : Anthony J. Leggett, Alexei A. Abrikosov and Vitaly L. Ginzburg

    CERN Multimedia


    Prof. Anthony Leggett presents : "Testing the limits of quantum mechanics: motivation, state of play, prospects"I present the motivation for experiments which attempt to generate, and verify the existence of, quantum superpositions of two or more states which are by some reasonable criterion 'macroscopically' distinct, and show that various a priori objections to this program made in the literature are flawed. I review the extent to which such experiments currently exist in the areas of free-space molecular diffraction, magnetic biomolecules, quantum optics and Josephson devices, and sketch possible future lines of development of the program.

  13. The Armenian minister for trade and economic development Karen Chshmaritian, visited CERN on 4 July and toured the ATLAS experimental cavern and assembly hall

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, K. Chshmaritian third from right with from left to right : Aram Kotzinian, JINR, Dubna; Dr Marzio Nessi, ATLAS, Zohrad Mnatsakanian, Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Armenia in Geneva, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, Alexey Sissakian, Vice-Director of JINR and Peter Jenni, ATLAS Spokesperson.

  14. Armenian visit

    CERN Multimedia


    During his visit to CERN on 4 July 2003, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, toured the ATLAS experimental cavern and assembly hall. From left to right: Aram Kotzinian, from the international organization JINR from Dubna, Marzio Nessi from ATLAS, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, Zohrab Mnatsakanian, Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Armenia to the United Nations in Geneva, Alexandre Sissakian, Vice-Director of JINR and Peter Jenni, ATLAS spokesman.

  15. IRLi meestega ajas äri tagaotsitav pankur / Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ranne, Raul


    Venemaal tagaotsitav pankur Alexei Akulinin on Tallinnas Kooli1/3-1/4 registreeritud Bonum Investments OÜ osanik, firma juhatuse liige on Nikola Stelmach. Akulinini lähisugulased on saanud Eesti elamisloa

  16. The elementary theory of groups a guide through the proofs of the Tarski conjectures

    CERN Document Server

    Fine, Benjamin; Myasnikov, Alexei; Rosenberger, Gerhard; Spellman, Dennis


    After being an open question for sixty years the Tarski conjecture was answered in the affirmative by Olga Kharlampovich and Alexei Myasnikov and independently by Zlil Sela. This book is an examination of the material on the general elementary theory of groups that is necessary to begin to understand the proofs.

  17. Le Nobel de physique pour la theorie des supraconducteurs

    CERN Multimedia

    Vonnez, J L


    "L'Academie suedoise des sciences a en effet attribue le Prix Nobel de physique 2003 ... a trois theoriciens majeurs en physique des basses temperatures: le Russo-americain Alexei Abrikosov (75 ans), le Russe Vitaly Ginzburg (87 ans) et le Britannique Anthony Leggett (65 ans)" (1/2 page).

  18. Ответ на рецензию А. Касьяна (The Indo-European Elements in Hurrian)


    Fournet, Arnaud; Bomhard, Allan


    First, the authors would like to express their appreciation to Alexei Kassian for his efforts in reviewing their joint monograph The Indo-European Elements in Hurrian. In addition, the review is valuable for providing new lexical material, which can be harnessed to consolidate the initial thesis. However, the authors would also like to state that, in their opinion, the review is biased and definitely cannot be considered an objective assessment of their work. The bias comes from the fact that...

  19. 1st Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) Symposium Research in Geosciences and Astronomy : Organized by the International Academy of Astronautics at the XVIth International Astronautical Congress Athens, 16 September, 1965 and Dedicated to the Twentieth Anniversary of UNESCO

    CERN Document Server


    The Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) project of the International Academy of Astronautics was begun upon the proposal of the editor at the First Special Meeting of the Academy at Stockholm on 16 August 1960. The late THEODORE VON KARMAN, first President of the Academy, appointed the following members of the LIL Committee: Prof. N. BoNEFF (Bulgaria), Prof. M. FLoRKIN (Belgium), Mr. A. G. HALEY (U. S. A. ), Prof. Sir BERNARD LovELL (U. K. ) (Vice­ Chairman), Prof. L. MALAVARD (France), Dr. F. J. MALINA (U. S. A. ) (Chairman), Prof. H. 0BERTH (German Federal Republic), Dr. W. H. PicKERING (U. S. A. ), Prof. E. SANGER (German Federal Republic), Prof. L. I. SEDOV (U. S. S. R. ), Prof. L. SPITZER, JR. (U. S. A. ), Dr. H. STRUGHOLD (U. S. A. ), Prof. H. C. UREY (U. S. A. ) and himself. Since 1960 the following additional members were appointed to the Committee: Mr. A. C. CLARKE (U. K. ), Prof. A. DoLLFUS (France), Prof. Z. KoPAL (U. K. ), Dr. S. F. SINGER (U. S. A. ), Prof. N. M. SISSAKIAN (U. S. S. R. ) and Pr...

  20. The 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics%2003年的诺贝尔物理奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    2003年的诺贝尔物理奖授予了低温物理领域的三位物理学家,他们是Alexei A、Abrikosov(阿布里柯索夫),Vitaly L.Ginzburg(京茨堡)以及Anthony J.Leggett(莱格特),此奖用以表彰前两者在超导电性方面的贡献,后者为在超流方面作出的贡献.大家知道,自然界中的微观粒子服从量子力学规律;

  1. 2003年度诺贝尔物理学奖漫谈%On the 2003 Nobel prize in physics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    简要介绍了奖金获得者Alexei A Abrikosov, Vitaly L Ginzburg和Anthony J Leggett 在超导体和超流体理论方面开拓性的贡献.特别着重于他们所发展的理论的背景和重要性.文章还简要谈及2003年度诺贝尔物理学奖给我们带来的启示.



    Mikheeva Julia V.


    The article examines the role of musical minimalism in aesthetic perception and theoretical interpretation of cinematographic works. The film music of Philip Glass, Michael Nyman, Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Pärt, Alexei Aigui is analysed. Author specifies the analysis of the principles of musical minimalism in films in two basic phenomenons. The first one is a transcending of art space through the self-worth of a single sound (sound pattern). The second one is a change the meaning of film-time th...

  3. The Truth About Soviet Whaling: A Memoir


    Berzin, Alfred A.


    In November 1993, Professor Alexei Yablokov, who at the time was the Science Advisor to Russian President Boris Yeltsin, stood on a podium in Galveston, Tex., and delivered a speech to the Society for Marine Mammalogy’s biennial conference, the premier international event in the field of marine mammal science. Addressing the 1,500 scientists present, he made what amounted to a national confession: that, beginning in 1948, the U.S.S.R. had begun a huge campaign of illegal whaling. Despite b...

  4. Holographic space-time from the Big Bang to the de Sitter era

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    I review the holographic theory of space-time and its applications to cosmology. Much of this has appeared before, but this discussion is more unified and concise. I also include some material on work in progress, whose aim is to understand compactification in terms of finite-dimensional super-algebras. This is an expanded version of a lecture I gave at the conference on Liouville Quantum Gravity and Statistical Systems, in memory of Alexei Zamolodchikov, at the Poncelet Institute in Moscow, 21-24 June 2008.

  5. The librarian

    CERN Document Server

    Elizarov, Mikhail


    As the introduction to this book will tell you, the books by Gromov, obscure and long forgotten propaganda author of the Soviet era, have such an effect on their readers that they suddenly enjoy supernatural powers. Understandably, their readers need to keep accessing these books at all cost and gather into groups around book-bearers, or, as they're called, librarians. Alexei, until now a loser, comes to collect an uncle's inheritance and unexpectedly becomes a librarian. He tells his extraordinary, unbelievable story.

  6. The cold wars a history of superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Matricon, Jean


    Among the most peculiar of matter¡¦s behaviors is superconductivity„oelectric current without resistance. Since the 1986 discovery that superconductivity is possible at temperatures well above absolute zero, research into practical applications has flourished. The Cold Wars tells the history of superconductivity, providing perspective on the development of the field and its relationship with the rest of physics. Superconductivity offers an excellent example of the evolution of physics in the twentieth century: the science itself, its foundations, and its social context. The authors also introduce the reader to the fascinating scientific personalities, including 2003 Nobel Prize winners Alexei Alexeievich Abrikosov and Vitali Ginzburg, and political struggles behind this research.

  7. Theoretical Aspects of the Study of Problems of BRICS Countries Cooperation


    A. A. Konkin


    The article deals with the problems and prospects of mutual cooperation between the countries-members of BRICS in the light of contemporary processes of globalization and the restructuring of the global political and economic system. It stresses the possibility to develop BRICS as the transregional association of regional leaders based on international theory of interdependence and on a concept of multi-factor equilibrium (prof. Alexei D. Voskressenski). BRICS can be seen as an interconnected...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikheeva Julia V.


    Full Text Available The article examines the role of musical minimalism in aesthetic perception and theoretical interpretation of cinematographic works. The film music of Philip Glass, Michael Nyman, Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Pärt, Alexei Aigui is analysed. Author specifies the analysis of the principles of musical minimalism in films in two basic phenomenons. The first one is a transcending of art space through the self-worth of a single sound (sound pattern. The second one is a change the meaning of film-time through the repetitive music technique.

  9. 畅通无阻的流动--2003年诺贝尔物理学奖%Nobel Prize for Physics in 2003

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江向东; 黄艳华


    @@ 支配微观世界的量子物理学具有在我们普通的宏观世界一般不会出现的广泛而引人注目的效应.然而,在某些情况下,其中的量子现象却是可见的.2003年的诺贝尔物理学奖所奖励的工作就涉及到这样两种情况:即超导电性和超流性.阿列克谢·阿布里科索夫(AlexeiAbrikosov,俄罗斯和美国双重国籍.1928年生于前苏联的莫斯科,现年76岁.

  10. Towards the Chalonge 16th Paris Cosmology Colloquium 2012: Highlights and Conclusions of the Chalonge 15th Paris Cosmology Colloquium 2011

    CERN Document Server

    de Vega, H J; Sanchez, N G


    The Chalonge 15th Paris Cosmology Colloquium 2011 was held on 20-22 July in the historic Paris Observatory's Perrault building, in the Chalonge School spirit combining real cosmological/astrophysical data and hard theory predictive approach connected to them in the Warm Dark Matter Standard Model of the Universe: News and reviews from Herschel, QUIET, Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT), South Pole Telescole (SPT), Planck, PIXIE, the JWST, UFFO, KATRIN and MARE experiments; astrophysics, particle and nuclear physics warm dark matter (DM) searches and galactic observations, related theory and simulations, with the aim of synthesis, progress and clarification. Philippe Andre, Peter Biermann, Pasquale Blasi, Daniel Boyanovsky, Carlo Burigana, Hector de Vega, Joanna Dunkley, Gerry Gilmore, Alexander Kashlinsky, Alan Kogut, Anthony Lasenby, John Mather, Norma Sanchez, Alexei Smirnov, Sylvaine Turck-Chieze present here their highlights of the Colloquium. Ayuki Kamada and Sinziana Paduroiu present here their poster hi...

  11. Dialectical Logic of Cultural and Activity Psychology as a Tool to Identify the Nature of Mental Reality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena E. Sokolova


    Full Text Available This essay is aimed at considering the possibility itself of "metacomprehension" of the mental reality so cherished by Lev Vygotsky from the positions of cultural and activity psychology. It is demonstrated that the program Vygostky outlined for creating the new "general psychology" involves the use of dialectical logic (as opposed to the contemporary projects of "integrative psychology" based on the "and - and" logic. Applied in a creative way to the problem of nature of mental reality, the dialectical logic let the adherents of Alexei Leontiev school draw the conclusion that activity can be regarded as a substance of mind and that, conse¬quently, the mind can be regarded as a "functional organ" of activity. Such an inter¬pretation of the mental reality makes it possible to resolve a number of theoretical and practical psychological problems anew.

  12. Two Nobel Prizes connected to CERN

    CERN Multimedia


    The 2003 Nobel Prizes in Physics and in Physiology or Medicine, announced last week, both have connections with particle physics and CERN. Alexei Abrikosov, Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony Leggett have received the prize in physics for their "pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids". The most important superconducting materials technically have proved to be those known as type II superconductors, which allow superconductivity and magnetism to exist at the same time and remain superconductive in high magnetic fields. The coils for the superconducting magnets in CERN's Large Hadron Collider are made from niobium-titanium alloy - a type II superconductor. The LHC will operate thanks to magnets made of type II superconductors. Here, superconducting cables for the LHC are on display during a VIP visit.Abrikosov, who is now at the Argonne National Laboratory, was working at the Kapitsa Institute for Physical Problems in his native Moscow when he succeeded in formula...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Pimentel Camillo Barra Nova de Melo


    Full Text Available A coleção Fundamentos da Educação: Recortes e Discussões chega ao seu quinto volume todos publicados pela Paco Editorial. O presente volume foi lançado em 2015 e contem 406 páginas, escritas por 21 autores, dentre eles graduados, especialistas, mestrandos, mestres, doutorandos, doutores, pós-doutores, todos estudiosos do campo educacional e comprometidos em compreender melhor tal fenômeno. Para isso buscaram, nesta obra, desvendar o pensamento pedagógico dos seguintes estudiosos: Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, Édouard Claparède, Adolphe Ferrière, Henri Wallon, Roger Cousinet, Alexander Luria, Alexei Leontiev, Ana Teberosky, Emília Ferreiro, Howard Gardner, Hannah Arendt, Augusto Comte, Émile Durkheim, B.F. Skinner, Lawrence Stenhouse, Anton Makarenko, Florestan Fernandes, Louis Althusser e Michel Foucault.

  14. PREFACE: Special issue: CAMOP-MOLEC XVII Special issue: CAMOP-MOLEC XVII (United States)

    Vasyutinskii, Oleg


    processes, gas-surface processes, and biologically relevant systems; ab initio calculations of molecular dynamics; photon-matter interactions: spectroscopy, photodissociation and photo-induced reactions including femtosecond dynamics; interaction between ultra-cold molecules and atoms and processes in He droplets; and steric effects and vector correlations in reactive processes and in photodissociation. The organizers are pleased to acknowledge the support of LENTRANSGAS, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, and the Russian Academy of Sciences. We are very grateful to all members of the Local Organizing Committee, especially Alexei Podlaskin, Irina Krassovskaya, Oleg Rojdestvenski, Peter Shternin, Andrey Smolin, Irina Beletskaya, Alexei Verkhovtsev and Ekaterina Khadikova, whose hard work made the conference so successful. I very much hope that you will enjoy reading this special issue and that many of the articles presented will catch your attention. Perhaps we will meet at MOLEC XVIII in 2010, in Coimbra, Portugal.

  15. 俄亿万富翁设为诺贝尔奖2.5倍的基础物理学奖奖金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    7月31日,俄罗斯亿万富翁Yuri Milner亲自挑选了9位物理学家并首次向他们颁发了基础物理学奖。奖项为每位获奖者获得300万美元的奖金,这一数字约是诺贝尔奖的2.5倍。这9位科学家分别是:美国新泽西州普林斯顿市高级研究所(IAS)的Nima Arkani—Hamed、美国剑桥市麻省理工学院的Alan Guth、美国帕萨迪纳市加利福尼亚理工学院的Alexei Kitaev、法国比尔斯河畔伊薇特高级科学研究所的Maxim Kontsevich、美国加利福尼亚州帕洛阿尔托市斯坦福大学的AndreiLinde、IAS的Juan Maldacena、IAS的Nathan Seiberg、印度阿拉哈巴德市哈里什一钱德拉研究所的Ashoke Sen,以及IAS的Edward Witten。

  16. [Neurosciences and the ravings of the Soviet era. Spanish Republican physicians, a set of privileged witnesses]. (United States)

    Marco-Igual, Miguel


    This study analyses the links between the Russian and Soviet neurosciences and their Spanish counterpart, especially with regard to the experiences of the Spanish Republican physicians exiled in the USSR. The Russian neurosciences, which date back to the second half of the 19th century, followed a path that ran parallel to the discipline throughout the rest of Europe and finally displayed signs of being influenced by the German and French schools. Important figures include Alexei Kojevnikov and Vladimir Bekhterev in neurology, Sergei Korsakov in psychiatry, Ivan Pavlov and his disciple Piotr Anojin in neurophysiology, Lev Vygotsky and Alexander Luria in neuropsychology, and Nikolai Burdenko in neurosurgery. When the Bolsheviks came to power, they brought with them a progressive conception of health care, which was modified during the Stalinist era to serve political interests, above all in the case of psychiatry. During the first third of the 20th century, Spanish scientists became interested in Pavlov's reflexology and the Soviets took a similar interest in Spanish histology. Among the 4500 Spanish Republicans who emigrated to the USSR because of the Spanish Civil War, there were several dozen physicians who were privileged witnesses of the madness that shook the science and the health care of that period. Relevant names worth citing here from the field of the neurosciences include Juan Planelles and Ramon Alvarez-Buylla in neurophysiology, Federico Pascual and Florencio Villa Landa in psychiatry, Angel Escobio and Maria Perez in neurology, Julian Fuster in neurosurgery and Manuel Arce in neuroimaging. PMID:21780075

  17. Artist's Concept of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (United States)


    This artist's concept depicts the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (ASTP), the first international docking of the U.S.'s Apollo spacecraft and the U.S.S.R.'s Soyuz spacecraft in space. The objective of the ASTP mission was to provide the basis for a standardized international system for docking of marned spacecraft. The Soyuz spacecraft, with Cosmonauts Alexei Leonov and Valeri Kubasov aboard, was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome near Tyuratam in the Kazakh, Soviet Socialist Republic, at 8:20 a.m. (EDT) on July 15, 1975. The Apollo spacecraft, with Astronauts Thomas Stafford, Vance Brand, and Donald Slayton aboard, was launched from Launch Complex 39B, Kennedy Space Center, Florida, at 3:50 p.m. (EDT) on July 15, 1975. The Primary objectives of the ASTP were achieved. They performed spacecraft rendezvous, docking and undocking, conducted intervehicular crew transfer, and demonstrated the interaction of U.S. and U.S.S.R. control centers and spacecraft crews. The mission marked the last use of a Saturn launch vehicle. The Marshall Space Flight Center was responsible for development and sustaining engineering of the Saturn IB launch vehicle during the mission.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Alpatov


    Full Text Available Abstract: The article analyses the book on political systems and processes in the East prepared by MGIMO-University authors and edited by Alexei D. Voskressenski in order to show the differences in approach and methods used in linguistics and political science. The author shows two significant differences in present-day stressing that linguistics of the XIX century was closer to the present-day political science? As he believes. The first difference includes monism of political science approach, since the book reveals monistic scale from totalitarianism to democracy, while linguistic has abandoned the monistic view on typology. The second difference is the value-addedness of the political science approach. The value-free norm in linguistics presupposes setting up of a single standard for all speakers in order to reach full mutual understanding. In political science subjective criteria are decisive for evaluation. The article gives examples from the book to prove that political science, compared to linguistics, is not aimed at overcoming contradictions, distinguishing between the terms, avoiding unproved statements and subjective evaluations.

  19. Noise-induced transitions and resonant effects in nonlinear systems (United States)

    Zaikin, Alexei


    Our every-day experience is connected with different acoustical noise or music. Usually noise plays the role of nuisance in any communication and destroys any order in a system. Similar optical effects are known: strong snowing or raining decreases quality of a vision. In contrast to these situations noisy stimuli can also play a positive constructive role, e.g. a driver can be more concentrated in a presence of quiet music. Transmission processes in neural systems are of especial interest from this point of view: excitation or information will be transmitted only in the case if a signal overcomes a threshold. Dr. Alexei Zaikin from the Potsdam University studies noise-induced phenomena in nonlinear systems from a theoretical point of view. Especially he is interested in the processes, in which noise influences the behaviour of a system twice: if the intensity of noise is over a threshold, it induces some regular structure that will be synchronized with the behaviour of neighbour elements. To obtain such a system with a threshold one needs one more noise source. Dr. Zaikin has analyzed further examples of such doubly stochastic effects and developed a concept of these new phenomena. These theoretical findings are important, because such processes can play a crucial role in neurophysics, technical communication devices and living sciences. Unsere alltägliche Erfahrung ist mit verschiedenen akustischen Einfluessen wie Lärm, aber auch Musik verbunden. Jeder weiss, wie Lärm stören kann und Kommunikation behindert oder gar unterbindet. Ähnliche optische Effekte sind bekannt: starkes Schneetreiben oder Regengüsse verschlechtern die Sicht und lassen uns Umrisse nur noch schemenhaft erkennen. Jedoch koennen ähnliche Stimuli auch sehr positive Auswirkungen haben: Autofahrer fahren bei leiser Musik konzentrierter -- die Behauptung von Schulkindern, nur bei dröhnenden Bässen die Mathehausaufgaben richtig rechnen zu können, ist allerdings nicht wissenschaftlich

  20. List of participants at SIDE IV meeting, Tokyo, 27 November--1 December 2000 (United States)


    Zagrodzinski, Alexei Zhedanov

  1. List of Organizing Committees and Conference Programme (United States)


    Organizers Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH Romanian Neutron Scattering Society Sponsors Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR, Czech Republic Programme Committee Valentin Gordely (chairman)Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia Heinrich StuhrmannGermany Jose TeixeiraLaboratoire Leon Brillouin, France Pavel ApelJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia Pavol BalgavyComenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia Alexander BelushkinJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia Georg BueldtInstitute of Structural Biology and Biophysics (ISB), Germany Leonid BulavinTaras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine Emil BurzoBabes-Bolyai University, Romania Vadim CherezovThe Scripps Research Institute, Department of Molecular Biology, USA Ion IonitaRomanian Society of Neutron Scattering, Romania Alexei KhokhlovMoscow State University, Russia Aziz MuzafarovInstitute of Synthetic Polymeric Materials, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Alexander OzerinInstitute of Synthetic Polymeric Materials, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia Gerard PepyResearch Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Hungary Josef PlestilInstitute of Macromolecular Chemistry CAS, Czech Republic Aurel RadulescuJuelich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS, Germany Maria BalasoiuJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia Alexander KuklinJoint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia Local Organizing Committee Alexander Kuklin - Chairman Maria Balasoiu - Co-chairman Tatiana Murugova - Secretary Natalia Malysheva Natalia Dokalenko Julia Gorshkova Andrey Rogachev Oleksandr Ivankov Dmitry Soloviev Lilia Anghel Erhan Raul The PDF also contains the Conference Programme.

  2. Severnaya Zemlya – geography with history at the turn of times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Kotlyakov


    Full Text Available 100 years ago, in 1913, there was committed last geographical discovery of world importance in the Russian Arctic. Icebreaking transports «Taimyr» and «Vaygach» discovered and photographed the eastern and southern shores of the unknown land separating the Kara and Laptev seas. Boris Vilkitski Strait was opened by the north of Taimyr Peninsula as well as two small islands. Coast of the newly discovered lands received a legal name «Emperor Nicholas II Land», one of the islands was named in honor of the heir of the monarch – Tsarevich Alexei. After 1924 there was introduced the common name for a geographic feature – «Severnaya Zemlya» (North Land. Since 1926, the name «Emperor Nicholas II Land» was removed for political reasons. North shore land remained anonymous until now. In world practice (on the map of Greenland, Antarctica the description of shores by the names of monarchs shores coexist with the common name of the main geographical object. In 1930–1932 a full examination of Severnaya Zemlya was carried out by Ushakov–Urvantsev expedition. There was found that an archipelago consists of several islands. «Not-simultaneous» shore opening and land surveying all over the archipelago led to divergent assessments of the events and facts.Preservation of historic names as a cultural and historical heritage, the inadmissibility of the historical names abolition are supported by the acting Russian Federation Law on the names of geographic features. The authors emphasize the need to return to the historical names with the application of national legislation and with justification of solutions Russian Arctic toponymy problems from international practices.

  3. Cell-based therapies of liver diseases: age-related challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yarygin KN


    Full Text Available Konstantin N Yarygin, Alexei Y Lupatov, Irina V Kholodenko Laboratory of Cell Biology, Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, Russia Abstract: The scope of this review is to revise recent advances of the cell-based therapies of liver diseases with an emphasis on cell donor’s and patient’s age. Regenerative medicine with cell-based technologies as its integral part is focused on the structural and functional restoration of tissues impaired by sickness or aging. Unlike drug-based medicine directed primarily at alleviation of symptoms, regenerative medicine offers a more holistic approach to disease and senescence management aimed to achieve restoration of homeostasis. Hepatocyte transplantation and organ engineering are very probable forthcoming options of liver disease treatment in people of different ages and vigorous research and technological innovations in this area are in progress. Accordingly, availability of sufficient amounts of functional human hepatocytes is crucial. Direct isolation of autologous hepatocytes from liver biopsy is problematic due to related discomfort and difficulties with further expansion of cells, particularly those derived from aging people. Allogeneic primary human hepatocytes meeting quality standards are also in short supply. Alternatively, autologous hepatocytes can be produced by reprogramming of differentiated cells through the stage of induced pluripotent stem cells. In addition, fibroblasts and mesenchymal stromal cells can be directly induced to undergo advanced stage hepatogenic differentiation. Reprogramming of cells derived from elderly people is accompanied by the reversal of age-associated changes at the cellular level manifesting itself by telomere elongation and the U-turn of DNA methylation. Cell reprogramming can provide high quality rejuvenated hepatocytes for cell therapy and liver tissue engineering. Further technological advancements and establishment of national and global registries of

  4. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena N. Penskaya


    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  5. FOREWORD: Extreme QCD 2012 (xQCD) (United States)

    Alexandru, Andrei; Bazavov, Alexei; Liu, Keh-Fei


    research area and the steady progress in resolving the outstanding issues. Many challenges remain and we are confident that this series will continue well into the future. Next year, the meeting will be organized at the Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics at the University of Bern. We expect to have another interesting and lively meeting and look forward to meeting you there. February 23, 2013 Andrei Alexandru Alexei Bazavov Keh-Fei Liu

  6. PREFACE: DISCRETE 2010: Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries (United States)

    Di Domenico, Antonio; Bini, Cesare; Bloise, Caterina; Bossi, Fabio; Faccini, Riccardo; Gauzzi, Paolo; Isidori, Gino; Lipari, Paolo; Ludovici, Lucio; Silvestrini, Luca


    The Symposium DISCRETE2010 on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries was held at the Sapienza Universitàa di Roma, Italy from 6-11 December 2010. This second edition, after the successful one in Valencia in 2008, covered all theoretical and experimental progress in the field, and aimed at a thorough discussion on the latest developments. The topics covered included: T, C, P, CP symmetries; accidental symmetries (B, L conservation); CPT symmetry, decoherence, Lorentz symmetry breaking; neutrino mass and mixing; cosmology and astroparticles, dark matter searches; experimental prospects at LHC, Super flavor factories, and new facilities. The Symposium was organized in plenary sessions with a total of 23 invited talks, and parallel sessions with a total of 80 talks including both invited and selected contributions from the submitted abstracts. The speakers of the plenary sessions were: Achille Stocchi, Andreas Weiler, Kevin Pitts, Tim Gershon, Marco Sozzi, Neal Weiner, Vasiliki Mitsou, Bernard Sadoulet, Gianfranco Bertone, J. Eric Grove, Mauro Mezzetto, Alexei Yu Smirnov, Oliviero Cremonesi, Antonio Riotto, Reno Mandolesi, Brett Altschul, Jose Bernabeu, Lawrence Hall, Marco Grassi, Yannis K. Semertzidis, Riccardo Barbieri, Gigi Rolandi, Luciano Maiani. The Symposium venue was the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche) headquarter building, close to the Sapienza University. At the end of the Symposium a special open session, devoted to a wider audience, was held at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross, in the historical center of Rome. The symposium was attended by about 140 participants, about half coming from Italy, and the rest mainly from other European countries and United States. Among the social events was a concert at the Aula Magna of the Sapienza University, and a social dinner in the historical Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospigliosi on the Quirinale Hill. The next symposium of the series will be organised by IST, Universidade Tàecnica de Lisboa

  7. PREFACE: Nanosafe 2012: International Conferences on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials (United States)

    Tardif, François


    , FR) Co-chair: Georgios KATALAGARIANAKIS (EC, BE) Mélanie AUFFAN (CEREGE, FR) Jorge BOCZKOWSKI (INSERM, FR) Jean-Yves BOTTERO (CEREGE, FR) Jacques BOUILLARD (INERIS, FR) Derk BROUWER (TNO, NL) Marie CARRIERE (CEA, FR) Claude EMOND (U. MONTREAL, CA) Cassandra ENGEMAN (UCSB, USA) Eric GAFFET (CNRS, FR) François GENSDARMES (IRSN, FR) Alexei GRINBAUM (CEA, FR) Antje GROBE (U.STUTTGART, DE) Peter HOET (KUL, BE) Eric QUEMENEUR (CEA, FR) Olivier LE BIHAN (INERIS, FR) Robert MUIR (NANEUM, UK) Tinh NGUYEN (NIST, USA) Bernd NOWACK (EMPA, CH) Günter OBERDÖRSTER (U. ROCHESTER, USA) David PUI (U. MINNESOTA, USA) Michael RIEDIKER (IST, CH) Yves SAMSON (CEA, FR) Ken TAKEDA (U. TOKYO, JP) Olivier WITSCHGER (INRS, FR) The PDF contains a list of sponsor logos, the conference programme and planning documents.

  8. PREFACE: SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor: Devoted to the 75th anniversary of Yu M Ostanevich's birth (United States)

    Gordely, Valentin; Kuklin, Alexander; Balasoiu, Maria


    Mossbauer effect in physics and chemistry, in SANS studies of polyelectrolytes, small molecules, fractals, metallic glasses, macromolecules, polymers, etc., were recognized by a number of awards including the State Prize of the Russian Federation in 2000. The scientific program of the workshop focused on fundamental and methodical research at the YuMO spectrometer and developments of the SANS instrument at the modernized IBR-2M reactor. We recall that the acronym YuMO of the small-angle neutron scattering spectrometer (MURN), was given in honor of Yu M Ostanevich. One of the most important objectives of this user meeting was to discuss the further development possibilities of the YuMO spectrometer with experts, in the frame of a SANS YuMO Round Table, taking into account the specific performance of the modernized YuMO SANS instrument, and the scientific and technical requests of the instrument's users. Highlights on modern achievements in nanoscience, polymers and biology were other significant goals of the meeting. The plenary invited talks were presented by leading scientists in small-angle neutron scattering and soft condensed matter, including members of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Prof. Heinrich Stuhrmann, Prof. Alexei Khokhlov, Prof. Jose Teixeira, Prof. Alexander Ozerin, Prof. Albrecht Wiedenmann, etc. There were 27 oral talks given and 32 posters presented by 92 participants from 12 countries: Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, and Ukraine. The workshop was organized with the financial support of the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research), Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH (Romania), Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR (Czech Republic), and Comenius University (Slovakia). V Gordeliy, A Kuklin and M Balasoiu SANSgroup Participants of the meeting The PDF also contains additional photographs

  9. There Will Be Gas: Gazprom's Transport Strategy in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    gets 51% of the transportation profit for the same price. In the context of the deepening Ukrainian-Russian crisis, Alexander Medvedev, Gazprom's deputy CEO, reaffirmed in June 2014 that the company will definitely cease gas transit though Ukrainian territory at the end of 2019-the expiration date of a 10-year transit contract signed in winter 2009 when gas transit through Ukraine was halted for a few weeks. Nevertheless, Alexei Miller, Gazprom's Deputy Chairman, officially rejected this target on the 26 June. He said there was an order from President Vladimir Putin to start negotiations with Ukraine on post-2019 transit conditions. This traditional route is currently not entirely replaceable. If Gazprom wants to significantly reduce transit through Ukraine, it has to accelerate the construction of the Turkish Stream and the expansion of the Nord Stream. Gazprom will probably have to prioritize its projects, as it is rather complicated to address everything head-on. One question remains: Will the Turkish Stream be built according to Gazprom's plan and timeline? The ultimate outcome remains uncertain. Despite stagnating demand, Gazprom does not seem to be ready to deflect attention away from the European market. Gazprom's first objective in Europe consists of increasing or at least maintaining its sales on the wholesale market, just like any other company, while covering the entire gas value chain is its second objective. However, Gazprom has to adapt to the new rules of the game. The depletion of reserves is progressively increasing, while European economies are energy-intensive. (author)

  10. Snowmaking in ski resorts: spatial decision support for management of snowpack (United States)

    Loubier, Jean-Christophe; Kanevski, Mikhail; Doctor, Marut; Schumacher, Michael; Timonin, Vadim


    result is a map of probable heights provided to stakeholders, allowing them to adjust their production strategy based on the situation. Acknowledgements This work was partly supported by Swiss CTI project "Juste Neige". Bibliography SHARDUL Agrawala (ed)2007;Climate Change in the European Alps Adapting Winter Tourism and Natural Hazards Management; OECD Publishing Paris, France BADRE Michel, PRIME Jean-Louis, RIBIERE Georges 2009 ; Neige de culture : état des lieux et impacts environnementaux - Note socio-économique ; Conseil général de l'environnement et du développement durable ; Paris ; France DE JONG, Carmen., 2008. 'Resource conflicts in mountain: source and solutions'. Mountain Forum Bulletin 8:1,pp. 5-7. KANEVSKI Mikhail, POZDNOUKHOV Alexei, and TIMONIN Vadim (2009); Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data. Theory, Applications" Softwsare. EPFL and CRC Press.

  11. PREFACE: Statistical Physics of Complex Fluids (United States)

    Golestanian, R.; Khajehpour, M. R. H.; Kolahchi, M. R.; Rouhani, S.


    meeting, covered some of the various areas in statistical physics currently active in Iran. About half of the participants came from countries other than Iran, with a relatively broad geographic distribution. The meeting benefited greatly from the excellent administrative assistance of the conference secretary Ms Ashraf Moosavi and the IASBS staff. We are grateful to Professor Yousef Sobouti, the Director of IASBS, and Professor Reza Mansouri, the Head of the Physical Society of Iran, for their support. We also thank the organizers of STATPHYS22, Professor Rahul Pandit and his colleagues, for their suggestions and support. The conference was supported by donations from the Center for International Research and Collaboration (ISMO) and the Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE) of the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, the Islamic Development Bank, the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), the Tehran Cluster Office of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Research and Development Directorate of the National Iranian Oil Company, the Physical Society of Iran, the Iranian Meteorological Organization, and the Zanjan City Water and Waste Water Company. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to Institute of Physics Publishing, and in particular to Professor Alexei Kornyshev and Dr Richard Palmer for suggesting publishing the proceedings of the meeting and carrying through the editorial processes with the utmost efficiency. Participants

  12. Introduction and Committees (United States)

    Angelova, Maia; Zakrzewski, Wojciech; Hussin, Véronique; Piette, Bernard


    This volume contains contributions to the XXVIIIth International Colloquium on Group-Theoretical Methods in Physics, the GROUP 28 conference, which took place in Newcastle upon Tyne from 26-30 July 2010. All plenary and contributed papers have undergone an independent review; as a result of this review and the decisions of the Editorial Board most but not all of the contributions were accepted. The volume is organised as follows: it starts with notes in memory of Marcos Moshinsky, followed by contributions related to the Wigner Medal and Hermann Weyl prize. Then the invited talks at the plenary sessions and the public lecture are published followed by contributions in the parallel and poster sessions in alphabetical order. The Editors:Maia Angelova, Wojciech Zakrzewski, Véronique Hussin and Bernard Piette International Advisory Committee Michael BaakeUniversity of Bielefeld, Germany Gerald DunneUniversity of Connecticut, USA J F (Frank) GomesUNESP, Sao Paolo, Brazil Peter HanggiUniversity of Augsburg, Germany Jeffrey C LagariasUniversity of Michigan, USA Michael MackeyMcGill University, Canada Nicholas MantonCambridge University, UK Alexei MorozovITEP, Moscow, Russia Valery RubakovINR, Moscow, Russia Barry SandersUniversity of Calgary, Canada Allan SolomonOpen University, Milton Keynes, UK Christoph SchweigertUniversity of Hamburg, Germany Standing Committee Twareque AliConcordia University, Canada Luis BoyaSalamanca University, Spain Enrico CeleghiniFirenze University, Italy Vladimir DobrevBulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria Heinz-Dietrich DoebnerHonorary Member, Clausthal University, Germany Jean-Pierre GazeauChairman, Paris Diderot University, France Mo-Lin GeNankai University. China Gerald GoldinRutgers University, USA Francesco IachelloYale University, USA Joris Van der JeugtGhent University, Belgium Richard KernerPierre et Marie Curie University, France Piotr KielanowskiCINVESTAV, Mexico Alan KosteleckyIndiana University, USA Mariano del Olmo

  13. PREFACE: DISCRETE 2012 - Third Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries (United States)

    Branco, G. C.; Emmanuel-Costa, D.; González Felipe, R.; Joaquim, F. R.; Lavoura, L.; Palomares-Ruiz, S.; Rebelo, M. N.; Romão, J. C.; Silva, J. P.


    The Third Symposium on Prospects in the Physics of Discrete Symmetries (DISCRETE 2012) was held at Instituto Superior Técnico, Portugal, from 3-7 December 2012 and was organised by Centro de Física Teórica de Partículas (CFTP) of Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. This is the sequel to the Symposia that was successfully organised in Valéncia in 2008 and in Rome in 2010. The topics covered included: T, C, P, CP symmetries CPT symmetry, decoherence, Lorentz symmetry breaking Discrete symmetries and models of flavour mixing Baryogenesis, leptogenesis Neutrino physics Electroweak symmetry breaking and physics beyond the Standard Model Accidental symmetries (B, L conservation) Experimental prospects at LHC Dark matter searches Super flavour factories, and other new experimental facilities The Symposium was organised in plenary sessions with a total of 24 invited talks, and parallel sessions with a total of 70 talks, including both invited and selected contributions from the submitted abstracts. The speakers of the plenary sessions were: Ignatios Antoniadis, Abdelhak Djouadi, Rabindra Mohapatra, André Rubbia, Alexei Yu Smirnov, José Bernabéu, Marco Cirelli, Apostolos Pilaftsis, Antonio Di Domenico, Robertus Potting, João Varela, Frank Rathmann, Michele Gallinaro, Dumitru Ghilencea, Neville Harnew, John Walsh, Patrícia Conde Muíño, Juan Aguilar-Saavedra, Nick Mavromatos, Ulrich Nierste, Ferruccio Feruglio, Vasiliki Mitsou, Masanori Yamauchi, and Marcello Giorgi. The Symposium was attended by about 140 participants. Among the social events, there was a social dinner in the historical Associação Comercial de Lisboa, which included a musical performance of 'Fado', the traditional music from Lisbon. The next symposium of the series will be organised by King's College, London University, UK, from 1-5 December 2014. Guest Editors G C Branco, D Emmanuel-Costa, R González Felipe, F R Joaquim, L Lavoura, S Palomares-Ruiz, M N Rebelo, J C

  14. 细胞死亡的新理论:溶酶体线粒体轴理论%Lysosomal-mitochondrial Axis-A New Theory of Cell Death

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓芳; 姜云瀚; 孙军


    The key role of mitochondria in cell death has been widely accepted, but it remains unclear on how other organelles influence mitochondria to initiate cell death. Recently, Alexei et al. Proposed a theory of lysosomal-mitochondrial axis that explained the mechanism of lysosome- mitochondria interaction based on latest studies in lysosomal functions. Apoptotic factors may permeablize the lysosomal membrane, then through iron-dependent, lipofuscin-related, Bcl-2 family-dependent, or Rho/ROCK-JNK pathways cause in the permeability of mitochondrial membrane and initiate cell death. On the other hand, mitochondrial membrane permeabilization can also permeablize the lysosomal membrane through the ROS-dependent and Bcl-2 family- dependent ways and promotes cell death. The theory of " lysosomal-mitochondrial axis" was lately being used to explain the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the lysosomal storage diseases. This review introduces the "lysosomal-mitochondrial axis" theory and discusses it implication in disease conditions.%线粒体在细胞死亡中占有中心地位,但其他细胞器影响线粒体启动细胞死亡的机制仍不十分明确.近几年来,随着对溶酶体功能的不断了解,Alexei等提出了溶酶体线粒体轴理论.这一理论阐述了溶酶体与线粒体的相互作用,并最终导致细胞死亡的机理.各种致凋亡因素作用于溶酶体,导致溶酶体膜通透性改变.溶酶体膜通透性改变能通过铁依赖的方式、脂褐素相关的方式、Bcl-2家族依赖的方式和Rho/ROCK途径-JNK信号通路的方式影响线粒体,造成线粒体膜通透性改变,进而启动细胞死亡.而线粒体膜通透性改变能通过ROS依赖的方式和Bcl-2家族依赖的方式引起溶酶体通透性改变,最终导致细胞死亡.溶酶体线粒体轴理论还能用于解释非酒精性脂肪肝和溶酶体贮积症的发病机制.本文将对溶酶体线粒体轴理论及其与疾病的关系两方面进行阐述.

  15. PREFACE: International Symposium on (e,2e), Double Photoionization and Related Topics & 15th International Symposium on Polarization and Correlation in Electronic and Atomic Collisions (United States)

    Martin, Nicholas L. S.; deHarak, Bruno A.


    44 submitted posters covered recent advances in these topics. These proceedings present papers on 35 of the invited talks. The Local Organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the University of Kentucky College of Arts and Sciences, and the University of Kentucky Department of Physics and Astronomy. We also thank Carol Cotrill, Eva Ellis, Diane Yates, Sarah Crowe, and John Nichols, of the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky for their invaluable assistance in the smooth running of the conferences; Oleksandr Korneta for taking the group photograph; and Emily Martin for helping accompanying persons. Nicholas L S Martin University of Kentucky Bruno A deHarak Illinois Wesleyan University International Scientific Organizing Committee Co-Chairs Don Madison (USA)Klaus Bartschat (USA) Members Lorenzo Avaldi (Italy)Nils Andersen (Denmark) Jamal Berakdar (Germany)Uwe Becker (Germany) Michael Brunger (Australia)Igor Bray (Australia) Greg Childers (USA)Nikolay Cherepkov (Russia) JingKang Deng (China)Albert Crowe (UK) Alexander Dorn (Germany)Danielle Dowek (France) Jim Feagin (USA)Oscar Fojon (Argentina) Nikolay Kabachnik (Russia)Tim Gay (USA) Anatoli Kheifets (Australia)Alexei Grum-Grzhimailo (Russia) George King (UK)Friedrich Hanne (Germany) Tom Kirchner (Germany)Alan Huetz (France) Azzedine Lahmam-Bennani (France)Morty Khakoo (USA) Julian Lower (Australia)Birgit Lohmann (Australia) William McCurdy (USA)Bill McConkey (Canada) Andrew Murray (UK)Rajesh Srivastava (India) Bernard Piraux (Belgium)Al Stauffer (Canada) Tim Reddish (Canada)Jim Williams (Australia) Roberto Rivarola (Argentina)Akira Yagishita (Japan) Michael Schulz (USA)Peter Zetner (Canada) Anthony Starace (USA)Joachim Ullrich (Germany) Giovanni Stefani (Italy)Erich Weigold (Australia) Masahiko Takahashi (Japan) Conference photograph

  16. PREFACE: Preface (United States)

    Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Singh, Tejinder


    painstaking task of proofreading and copyediting the accepted papers. We also thank the SOC, and the Workshop Chairs for their help in putting together an excellent scientific programme, the LOC for the wonderful organization, and the referees of papers for their help in improving the quality of the papers. Finally, we would like to thank all the authors who have made the publication of these proceedings possible, through their contribution. B S Sathyaprakash and Tejinder P Singh Scientific Organizing Committee Pijushpani Bhattacharjee (SINP, India) J Richard Bond (CITA, Canada) Manuela Campanelli (RIT, USA) Debajyoti Choudhury (Delhi University, India) Richard Ellis (Caltech, USA) Gary Gibbons (DAMTP, UK) Pankaj Joshi (TIFR, India) Romesh Kaul (IMSc, India) Subhabrata Majumdar (TIFR, India) Don Marolf (UCSB, USA) Ramesh Narayan (CfA, Harvard University, USA) Lyman Page (Princeton University, USA) Misao Sasaki (YITP, Japan) B S Sathyaprakash (Cardiff University, UK) Ashoke Sen (HRI, India) Tarun Souradeep (IUCAA, India) [Chair] P S Sreekumar (ISRO, India) Alexei Starobinsky (Landau Institute, Russia) Sumati Surya (RRI, India) C S Unnikrishnan (TIFR, India) Spenta Wadia (TIFR, India) Local Organzing Committee Ghanashyam Date A Gopakumar Subhabrata Majumdar D Narasimha T P Singh (Chair) Supporting Staff V Chellathurai [Scientific Programmes Coordinator] Ashok Deshpande [Accounts Officer] Margaret D'Souza [Secretary] Shobha Jagtap [Secretary] Nishikant Kadam [Secretary] Vijay Kadam [Assistant] A list of participants is available in the PDF

  17. PREFACE: International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis (United States)

    Mortell, Michael P.; O'Malley, Robert E.; Pokrovskii, Alexei; Rachinskii, Dmitrii; Sobolev, Vladimir A.


    , International Association of Hydrological Sciences, and Laboratoire Poncelet is gratefully acknowledged. The Editors and the Organizers of the Workshop wish to place on record their sincere gratitude to Mr Andrew Zhezherun and Mr Alexander Pimenov of University College Cork for both the assistance which he provided to all the presenters at the Workshop, and for the careful formatting of all the manuscripts prior to their being forwarded to the Publisher. More information about the Workshop can be found at Michael P Mortell, Robert E O'Malley Jr, Alexei Pokrovskii, Dmitrii Rachinskii and Vladimir Sobolev Editors

  18. PREFACE: International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP 2012) (United States)

    Ernst, Michael; Düllmann, Dirk; Rind, Ofer; Wong, Tony


    Wisconsin-Madison, United States Günter Duckeck, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany Richard Dubois, SLAC, United States Michael Ernst, BNL, United States Ian Fisk, Fermilab, United States Gonzalo Merino, PIC, Spain John Gordon, STFC-RAL, United Kingdom Volker Gülzow, DESY, Germany Frederic Hemmer, CERN, Switzerland Viatcheslav Ilyin, Moscow State University, Russia Nobuhiko Katayama, KEK, Japan Alexei Klimentov, BNL, United States Simon C. Lin, Academia Sinica, Taiwan Milos Lokajícek, FZU Prague, Czech Republic David Malon, ANL, United States Pere Mato Vila, CERN, Switzerland Mauro Morandin, INFN CNAF, Italy Harvey Newman, Caltech, United States Farid Ould-Saada, University of Oslo, Norway Ruth Pordes, Fermilab, United States Hiroshi Sakamoto, University of Tokyo, Japan Alberto Santoro, UERJ, Brazil Jim Shank, Boston University, United States Dongchul Son, Kyungpook National University, South Korea Reda Tafirout, TRIUMF, Canada Stephen Wolbers, Fermilab, United States Frank Wuerthwein, UCSD, United States

  19. Preface: Irgac 2006 (United States)

    Solà Joan


    experimental situation, i.e. to keep an eye on the future experiments that are planned to gather observational data on the cosmological parameters with unprecedented accuracy. Undoubtedly, some balanced phenomenology ingredient in a field like this is not only highly desirable, but actually indispensable to enable researchers to assess by themselves during the conference the real impact of the theoretical ideas versus experiments and observations, and vice versa. IRGAC 2006 in Barcelona was a follow-up to the first conference held in Ouro Preto, Brazil, in 2003 (under the slightly different acronym of IRGA 2003) [1]. The present, and more complete, name for this series (note the ending 'C') intends to stress the cosmology component of the meeting, and it is intended to stay in future editions. In this respect it is worth emphasizing that 2006 represented the 25th anniversary of the formulation of the inflationary paradigm, which nowadays appears as a theoretical conception perfectly compatible with, if not the most likely explanation for, the spatial flatness of our Universe as measured by the CMB data. This 25th anniversary was obviously a unique opportunity to accentuate and enhance the cosmology background of IRGAC 2006: see the full scientific program at As the chairman organizer of the conference, I was particularly interested to count, on this very special occasion, on the participation of the three outstanding cosmologists who first proposed the idea of inflation: Alan Guth, Andrei Linde and Alexei Starobinsky. I am very grateful to the three of them for being so positive in accepting my invitation to participate. I am especially grateful to Alan Guth for his early interest in our conference, expressed some two years before it took place. Needless to say, I am pleased to extend these thanks to the rest of the speakers and participants, without whom this conference would not have attained the high degree of scientific

  20. EDITORIAL: Colloidal dispersions in external fields Colloidal dispersions in external fields (United States)

    Löwen, Hartmut


    ller, Bastian Sieber, Holger Schweinfurth, Holger Reiber and Gerhard Nägele Electrokinetics on superhydrophobic surfacesPeriklis Papadopoulos, Xu Deng, Doris Vollmer and Hans-Jürgen Butt Numerical electrokineticsR Schmitz and B Dünweg Dielectric response of nanoscopic spherical colloids in alternating electric fields: a dissipative particle dynamics simulationJiajia Zhou and Friederike Schmid Self-assembly of colloidal particles into strings in a homogeneous external electric or magnetic fieldFrank Smallenburg, Hanumantha Rao Vutukuri, Arnout Imhof, Alfons van Blaaderen and Marjolein Dijkstra The nature of the laning transition in two dimensionsT Glanz and H Löwen Microscopic theory for anisotropic pair correlations in driven binary mixturesMatthias Kohl, Alexei V Ivlev, Philip Brandt, Gregor E Morfill and Hartmut Löwen Dynamics of individual colloidal particles in one-dimensional random potentials: a simulation studyRichard D L Hanes and Stefan U Egelhaaf An interacting dipole model to explore broadband transverse optical bindingMichael Mazilu, Andrew Rudhall, Ewan M Wright and Kishan Dholakia Comparison of 2D melting criteria in a colloidal systemPatrick Dillmann, Georg Maret and Peter Keim Effects of confinement and external fields on structure and transport in colloidal dispersions in reduced dimensionalityD Wilms, S Deutschländer, U Siems, K Franzrahe, P Henseler, P Keim, N Schwierz, P Virnau, K Binder, G Maret and P Nielaba Stochastic transport of particles across single barriersChristian Kreuter, Ullrich Siems, Peter Henseler, Peter Nielaba, Paul Leiderer and Artur Erbe A perspective on the interfacial properties of nanoscopic liquid dropsAlexandr Malijevský and George Jackson Controlling the wetting properties of the Asakura-Oosawa model and applications to spherical confinementA Statt, A Winkler, P Virnau and K Binder Crystalline multilayers of charged colloids in soft confinement: experiment versus theoryE C Oğuz, A Reinmüller, H J Schöpe, T Palberg, R