Sample records for alexei norairovich sissakian

  1. Alexei Norairovich Sissakian (1944-2010)

    CERN Multimedia


    The Directorate of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR, Dubna) deeply regrets to announce that Academician Alexei Norairovich Sissakian, the Director of JINR, a member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a distinguished theoretical physicist and organizer of scientific research based on broad international cooperation, passed away on 1 May 2010 in his 66th year of life. Alexei Norairovich Sissakian was born on 14 October 1944 in Moscow. In 1968 he graduated from the Physics Faculty of the M. Lomonosov Moscow State University and started work at the JINR Laboratory of Theoretical Physics under the guidance of Academician N.N. Bogoliubov. The main scientific activities of A.N. Sissakian concerned elementary particle physics, approximation methods and equations of quantum field theory with nontrivial geometry, symmetry and topology, and the physics of strong interactions at high temperatures and densities. He initiated and headed the largest project of JINR towards the constructi...

  2. PREFACE: Alexei Zamolodchikov Alexei Zamolodchikov (United States)

    Bazhanov, V.; Belavin, A.; Pugai, Y.; Tsfasman, M.; Zamolodchikov, A.


    Alexei Zamolodchikov, a prominent theoretical physicist, passed away on the night of 18 October 2007. His untimely death is a great loss for science, and for everybody who knew and loved him. The heartbreak and pain of his departure cannot be rendered in words; it is also difficult to describe in a brief note the remarkable contributions of Alexei Zamolodchikov to different areas of theoretical physics and to depict the grace of his personality. Alexei Zamolodchikov loved Russia, and felt acutely for the plight of our country. His last position was at the Poncelet Laboratory in Moscow. This year he was going to give a course for undergraduate and graduate students at the Independent University of Moscow. The first lecture was to be given on 10 October 2008. The principal scientific accomplishments of A Zamolodchikov are in the area of quantum field theory. These are works on integrable field theory and the factorized scattering theory; basic results on conformal field theory; a pioneering and fundamental contribution to two-dimensional Liouville gravity and the related non-critical string theory. A Zamolodchikov's ideas were always original and deep. Here is a brief list of some of them: •The creation of the theory of factorized S-matrices. •The discovery of recursive relations for conformal blocks, the key objects of conformal field theory. •Understanding the nature of operator product expansions in conformal perturbation theory. •The discovery of the thermodynamic Bethe anzatz in quantum field theories. •Establishing the exact relation between different scales in integrable field theories. •Construction of the conformal bootstrap in Liouville field theory, including the theory with boundary and the one on the pseudo-sphere. •The discovery of higher equations in Liouville field theory. •The explicit formula for the 4-point function in minimal string theory. A Zamolodchikov died at the high point of his career, as his talent flourished, in the midst

  3. Role of Academician N.M. Sissakian in space biomedicine formation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gazenko, O.G.; Gyurdzhian, A.A.


    Role of Academician N.M. Sissakian in space biomedicine formation is discussed dedicated to the 90th anniversary from his birthday. It is shown that Sissakian layers the foundation of new branch of science - space biomedicine. He participated in the programs of preparing man to space flight, paid attention to the problems of exobiology, gravitation, ontogenesis in mammals under weightlessness conditions, radiation safety in space flight, life support under space flight conditions, social-psychological activities of astronauts. Academician introduced the achievements of cosmic investigations into earth science practice, paid great attention to the international cooperation

  4. Quantum field theories in two dimensions collected works of Alexei Zamolodchikov

    CERN Document Server

    Pugai, Yaroslav; Zamolodchikov, Alexander


    Volume 1 is a collection of reprinted works of Alexei Zamolodchikov who was a prominent theoretical physicist of his time. It contains his works on conformal field theories, 2D quantum gravity, and Liouville theory. These original contributions of Alexei Zamolodchikov have a profound effect on shaping the fast developing areas of theoretical physics. His ideas are expressed lucidly, such as the recursive relation for conformal blocks and the structure of conformal bootstrap in Liouville theory, including the boundary Liouville theory. These ideas are at the foundation of the subject and they are of great interest to a wide community of physicists and mathematicians working in diverse areas. This volume is a part of the 2-volume collection of remarkable research papers that can be used as an advanced textbook by graduate students specializing in string theory, conformal field theory and integrable models of QFT. It is also highly relevant to experts in these fields. Volume 2 includes Alexei Zamolodchikov's w...

  5. IN MEMORIAM: In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin (United States)


    2008 In Memoriam of Alexei M Oparin (1964-2008) Alexei (Lesha) Oparin passed away on 4 December 2008. Alexei graduated from the Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology in 1987, received his PhD at Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics in 1996, and, after training at the Max Plank Institute for Quantum Optics in Germany, worked at the Institute for Computer Aided Design of the Russian Academy of Sciences, where he became the chair of the Department of Numerical Methods and Turbulence. He built the Department so that in a short period of time it grew from 3 to 15 scientists and became one of the leading centers in Russia in numerical modeling of turbulent flows. In Lesha's works, his talent was combined with the academic depth and the breadth of his scientific interests. Lesha's scientific heritage covers many fields of computational physics, including ignition and burn of deuterium-tritium fuel for the inertial confinement fusion; the flow of matter induced by ultra-short laser impulse; the exact expansion law for the Richtmyer-Meshkov turbulent mixing zone; growth-rate of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability for nuclear fusion; temperature and entropy separation in the Ranque-Hilsch tube; tornado origination from mezzo-cycle; turbulent nature of Jupiter spot; secondary vortex of the gas centrifuge; cascade of instabilities in Couette flow. One of these works is published in this issue. What make it necessary to get the flow rolled up in zones of high gradients? Why do we have to restrict ourselves to the Reynolds number only, rather than to follow the experiment and get more parameters for stability? Where are the nuts and bolts of the turbulence? Many of these investigations were initiated and led by Lesha, and were based on his ability to identify the essence of the challenging problems and to formulate and address the right questions with mathematical elegance and physical intuition. A lot of work has been done by Lesha. Other problems remain to be solved, to our

  6. New co-operation agreement between CERN and JINR

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin


    CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer (left) and JINR Director Alexei Sissakian (right). On Thursday 28 January, CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer and JINR Director Alexei Sissakian signed a new enlarged co-operation agreement to continue and enhance the scientific and technical co-operation of the two institutes in the field of high-energy physics. CERN and JINR have a long and successful history of collaboration extending back to the earliest days of their existence. The first informal meeting on international co-operation in the field of high-energy accelerators took place at CERN in 1959. It was attended by senior scientists from the United States, the USSR (including JINR) and CERN. Both JINR and CERN have played the role of a bridge between East and West for decades, contributing to the development of international scientific co-operation. In 1992 JINR signed a co-operation agreement with CERN that included an important number of protocols covering JINR’s participation in the construction of th...

  7. What Helicity Can Tell Us about Solar Magnetic Fields Alexei A ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Concept of magnetic/current helicity was introduced to solar physics about 15 ... represented by a thin flux tube model with flux , one can show that magnetic helicity,. Hm = (2π). −1 2 ... For example, spiral pattern of filaments forming sunspot ...

  8. Reaction to the CIA flights over Europe : article 7 of TEU revisted / Alexei Dimitrov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dimitrov, Alexei


    Euroopa Liidu lepingu artiklist 7 ja Euroopa Parlamendi resolutsioonist 14. veebruar 2007 (P6_TA-PROV(2007)0032 Kinnipeetavate transport ja ebaseaduslik kinnipidamin - Euroopa Parlamendi resolutsioon LKA poolt kinnipeetavate transpordiks ja ebaseaduslikuks kinnipidamiseks Euroopa riikide väidetava kasutamise kohta (2006/2200(INI)) ; TEU = Treaty on European Union)

  9. DUBNA: Update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)



    Full text: At the annual session of the Plenipotentiaries Committee of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, near Moscow in March, Institute Director Vladimir G. Kadyshevsky reported on important recent achievements. The Nuklotron superconducting accelerator has now been completed and is in operation. (A report will feature in a forthcoming edition of the CERN Courier.) The FOBOS multiple event spectrometer mounted in the heavy ion beam of the U-400M cyclotron is designed to record the products of nuclear reactions in the high mass and charge region with high efficiency. New experiments are envisaged. At the IBR research reactor a cryogenic moderator has been put into operation. Physics goals include generation of an impulse flux of cold neutrons. The neutron Fourier high resolution diffractometer was commissioned for polycrystal studies. Meanwhile an imaginative scheme to establish an International University using JINR research facilities and highly qualified personnel is being implemented. New appointments include Alexei Sissakian and Tzvetan Vylov as Vice-Directors, Nikolai Russakovitch as Chief Scientific Secretary, Vladislav Sarentzev as Chief Engineer and Alexandre Lebedev as Administrative Director. Western physicists elected members of JINR Scientific council include Ugo Amaldi and Lucien Montanet from CERN, Claude Detraz (IN2P3, Paris), Friedrich Dydak (Munich), Guido Piragino (Italy), George Trilling (Berkeley), Herwig Schopper (Germany) and Norbert Kroo (Hungary). Earlier this year saw the 80th birthday of Venedikt Dzhelepov, Honorary Director of JINR's Laboratory of Nuclear Problems

  10. CMS Honours Three Russian and Bielorussian companies

    CERN Multimedia


    On 7 March, CMS handed out the three latest Gold Awards under its scheme for honouring its best suppliers suppliers (c.f. Bulletin n°10/2003). Three Russian and Bielorussian firms were honoured, on the occasion of a visit by dignitaries from the two countries. CERN played host to Anatoly Sherbak, Head of the Fundamental Research Department of the Russian Federation Ministry of Industry and Science, Ambassador Sergei Aleinik, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Belarus to the Office of the United Nations at Geneva, Andrei Pirogov, Assistant Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the Office of the United Nations, and Alexei Sissakian, Vice Director of the JINR (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) at Dubna in Russia. The directors of the three Russian and Bielorussian firms have received their awards and are seen with the visiting Russian and Bielorussian dignitaries and the CMS leaders in front of the CMS hadron calorimeter, on the spot where the detector is being assembled.These promi...

  11. Protein folding: Over half a century lasting quest. Comment on "There and back again: Two views on the protein folding puzzle" by Alexei V. Finkelstein et al. (United States)

    Krokhotin, Andrey; Dokholyan, Nikolay V.


    Most proteins fold into unique three-dimensional (3D) structures that determine their biological functions, such as catalytic activity or macromolecular binding. Misfolded proteins can pose a threat through aberrant interactions with other proteins leading to a number of diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis [1,2]. What does determine 3D structure of proteins? The first clue to this question came more than fifty years ago when Anfinsen demonstrated that unfolded proteins can spontaneously fold to their native 3D structures [3,4]. Anfinsen's experiments lead to the conclusion that proteins fold to unique native structure corresponding to the stable and kinetically accessible free energy minimum, and protein native structure is solely determined by its amino acid sequence. The question of how exactly proteins find their free energy minimum proved to be a difficult problem. One of the puzzles, initially pointed out by Levinthal, was an inconsistency between observed protein folding times and theoretical estimates. A self-avoiding polymer model of a globular protein of 100-residues length on a cubic lattice can sample at least 1047 states. Based on the assumption that conformational sampling occurs at the highest vibrational mode of proteins (∼picoseconds), predicted folding time by searching among all the possible conformations leads to ∼1027 years (much larger than the age of the universe) [5]. In contrast, observed protein folding time range from microseconds to minutes. Due to tremendous theoretical progress in protein folding field that has been achieved in past decades, the source of this inconsistency is currently understood that is thoroughly described in the review by Finkelstein et al. [6].

  12. Turbulent Flame Stabilization Methods Using Confinement, Diluents, and High-Potential Electric Fields (United States)


    Kevin Lyons Alexei Saveliev Committee Chair ________________________________ ________________________________ Tiegang Fang...Lyons, for his guidance and support -Dr. Alexei Saveliev , Dr. Tiegang Fang, and Dr. Stephen Terry for serving on my committee -Dr. Glenn Walker

  13. The Armenian minister for trade and economic development Karen Chshmaritian, visited CERN on 4 July and toured the ATLAS experimental cavern and assembly hall

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, K. Chshmaritian third from right with from left to right : Aram Kotzinian, JINR, Dubna; Dr Marzio Nessi, ATLAS, Zohrad Mnatsakanian, Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Armenia in Geneva, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, Alexey Sissakian, Vice-Director of JINR and Peter Jenni, ATLAS Spokesperson.

  14. Armenian visit

    CERN Multimedia


    During his visit to CERN on 4 July 2003, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, toured the ATLAS experimental cavern and assembly hall. From left to right: Aram Kotzinian, from the international organization JINR from Dubna, Marzio Nessi from ATLAS, Karen Chshmaritian, Armenian Minister for Trade and Economic Development, Zohrab Mnatsakanian, Ambassador at the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Armenia to the United Nations in Geneva, Alexandre Sissakian, Vice-Director of JINR and Peter Jenni, ATLAS spokesman.

  15. Is Soviet Defense Policy Becoming Civilianized? (United States)


    Larionov, a consultant to the institute, both at RAND and in Moscow; and Drs. Alexei Arbatov and Aleksandr Savelyev and several of their colleagues during...Soviet defense industry resources to civilian use is presented in Arthur J. Alexander , Perestroika and Change in Soviet Weapons Acquisition, The RAND...1986, especially pp. 101-102. 17 18 the more prominent younger specialists like Alexei Arbatov, Andrei Kokoshin, and Aleksandr Savelyev have long been

  16. Adoptive T cell cancer therapy (United States)

    Dzhandzhugazyan, Karine N.; Guldberg, Per; Kirkin, Alexei F.


    Tumour heterogeneity and off-target toxicity are current challenges of cancer immunotherapy. Karine Dzhandzhugazyan, Per Guldberg and Alexei Kirkin discuss how epigenetic induction of tumour antigens in antigen-presenting cells may form the basis for multi-target therapies.

  17. The elementary theory of groups a guide through the proofs of the Tarski conjectures

    CERN Document Server

    Fine, Benjamin; Myasnikov, Alexei; Rosenberger, Gerhard; Spellman, Dennis


    After being an open question for sixty years the Tarski conjecture was answered in the affirmative by Olga Kharlampovich and Alexei Myasnikov and independently by Zlil Sela. This book is an examination of the material on the general elementary theory of groups that is necessary to begin to understand the proofs.

  18. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Alexei A Abrikosov, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA,. Vitaly L Ginzburg, P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Russia, and. Anthony J Leggett, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, USA. Chemistry - "for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes" to. Peter Agre, Johns Hopkins University ...

  19. 3 scientists win Nobel for physics electric superconductivity, superfluidity work honoured

    CERN Multimedia


    The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the Nobel prize for physics to Russian Vitaly Ginzburg, 87, and Russian-born American Alexei Abrikosov, 75, for their work on electric superconductivity, and to British-born American Anthony Leggett, 65, for describing how liquid helium can become a "superfluid." The three scientists will split $1.3 million in prize money (1 page).

  20. Proceedings of Symposium on Energy Engineering in the 21st Century (SEE 2000). Volume One (United States)


    Regimes of Gliding Arc Discharges 96 O. Mutaf-Yardimci, A. V. Saveliev , A. A. Fridman andL. A. Kennedy A8. Multicomponent Gas-Liquid Flows with...GLIDING ARC DISCHARGES Ozlem Mutaf-Yardimci, Alexei V. Saveliev Alexander A. Fridman, Lawrence A. Kennedy Department of Mechanical Engineering...2. Czeraichowski, Pur & Applied Chem.66,1301 (1994) 3. A. A.Fridman, S. Nester, L. A. Kennedy, A. Saveliev , O. Mutaf-Yardimci, J. Prog. Energy and

  1. Bayesian Aggregation of Evidence for Detection and Characterization of Patterns in Multiple Noisy Observations (United States)


    Konstantin N Borozdin, Alexei V Klimenko, William C Priedhorsky, Nicolas Hengartner, Charles C Alexander, R Andres Cortez, Herbert G Tanner, and Xanthi... Tan - don, Rob MacLachlan, and Jay Jin. Presentation: Machine learning for effective nuclear search and broad area monitoring. ARI Annual Review, 2014...Distributed Constraints Reasoning (DCR09), at IJCAI, volume 9, 2009. [70] Di Tian and Nicolas D Georganas. A node scheduling scheme for energy

  2. The cold wars a history of superconductivity

    CERN Document Server

    Matricon, Jean


    Among the most peculiar of matter¡¦s behaviors is superconductivity„oelectric current without resistance. Since the 1986 discovery that superconductivity is possible at temperatures well above absolute zero, research into practical applications has flourished. The Cold Wars tells the history of superconductivity, providing perspective on the development of the field and its relationship with the rest of physics. Superconductivity offers an excellent example of the evolution of physics in the twentieth century: the science itself, its foundations, and its social context. The authors also introduce the reader to the fascinating scientific personalities, including 2003 Nobel Prize winners Alexei Alexeievich Abrikosov and Vitali Ginzburg, and political struggles behind this research.

  3. The librarian

    CERN Document Server

    Elizarov, Mikhail


    As the introduction to this book will tell you, the books by Gromov, obscure and long forgotten propaganda author of the Soviet era, have such an effect on their readers that they suddenly enjoy supernatural powers. Understandably, their readers need to keep accessing these books at all cost and gather into groups around book-bearers, or, as they're called, librarians. Alexei, until now a loser, comes to collect an uncle's inheritance and unexpectedly becomes a librarian. He tells his extraordinary, unbelievable story.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikheeva Julia V.


    Full Text Available The article examines the role of musical minimalism in aesthetic perception and theoretical interpretation of cinematographic works. The film music of Philip Glass, Michael Nyman, Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Pärt, Alexei Aigui is analysed. Author specifies the analysis of the principles of musical minimalism in films in two basic phenomenons. The first one is a transcending of art space through the self-worth of a single sound (sound pattern. The second one is a change the meaning of film-time through the repetitive music technique.

  5. Holographic space-time from the Big Bang to the de Sitter era (United States)

    Banks, Tom


    I review the holographic theory of space-time and its applications to cosmology. Much of this has appeared before, but this discussion is more unified and concise. I also include some material on work in progress, whose aim is to understand compactification in terms of finite-dimensional super-algebras. This is an expanded version of a lecture I gave at the conference on Liouville Quantum Gravity and Statistical Systems, in memory of Alexei Zamolodchikov, at the Poncelet Institute in Moscow, 21-24 June 2008.

  6. Holographic space-time from the Big Bang to the de Sitter era

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banks, Tom [Deptartment of Physics/SCIPP, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Deptartment of Physics and Astronomy/NHETC, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854 (United States)


    I review the holographic theory of space-time and its applications to cosmology. Much of this has appeared before, but this discussion is more unified and concise. I also include some material on work in progress, whose aim is to understand compactification in terms of finite-dimensional super-algebras. This is an expanded version of a lecture I gave at the conference on Liouville Quantum Gravity and Statistical Systems, in memory of Alexei Zamolodchikov, at the Poncelet Institute in Moscow, 21-24 June 2008.

  7. 1st Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) Symposium Research in Geosciences and Astronomy : Organized by the International Academy of Astronautics at the XVIth International Astronautical Congress Athens, 16 September, 1965 and Dedicated to the Twentieth Anniversary of UNESCO

    CERN Document Server


    The Lunar International Laboratory (LIL) project of the International Academy of Astronautics was begun upon the proposal of the editor at the First Special Meeting of the Academy at Stockholm on 16 August 1960. The late THEODORE VON KARMAN, first President of the Academy, appointed the following members of the LIL Committee: Prof. N. BoNEFF (Bulgaria), Prof. M. FLoRKIN (Belgium), Mr. A. G. HALEY (U. S. A. ), Prof. Sir BERNARD LovELL (U. K. ) (Vice­ Chairman), Prof. L. MALAVARD (France), Dr. F. J. MALINA (U. S. A. ) (Chairman), Prof. H. 0BERTH (German Federal Republic), Dr. W. H. PicKERING (U. S. A. ), Prof. E. SANGER (German Federal Republic), Prof. L. I. SEDOV (U. S. S. R. ), Prof. L. SPITZER, JR. (U. S. A. ), Dr. H. STRUGHOLD (U. S. A. ), Prof. H. C. UREY (U. S. A. ) and himself. Since 1960 the following additional members were appointed to the Committee: Mr. A. C. CLARKE (U. K. ), Prof. A. DoLLFUS (France), Prof. Z. KoPAL (U. K. ), Dr. S. F. SINGER (U. S. A. ), Prof. N. M. SISSAKIAN (U. S. S. R. ) and Pr...

  8. Two Nobel Prizes connected to CERN

    CERN Multimedia


    The 2003 Nobel Prizes in Physics and in Physiology or Medicine, announced last week, both have connections with particle physics and CERN. Alexei Abrikosov, Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony Leggett have received the prize in physics for their "pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids". The most important superconducting materials technically have proved to be those known as type II superconductors, which allow superconductivity and magnetism to exist at the same time and remain superconductive in high magnetic fields. The coils for the superconducting magnets in CERN's Large Hadron Collider are made from niobium-titanium alloy - a type II superconductor. The LHC will operate thanks to magnets made of type II superconductors. Here, superconducting cables for the LHC are on display during a VIP visit.Abrikosov, who is now at the Argonne National Laboratory, was working at the Kapitsa Institute for Physical Problems in his native Moscow when he succeeded in formula...

  9. «Прошу [...] не гневаться моим вопросам»: норвежский профессор Олаф Брок как переводчик (из истории российско-норвежских научных связей

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Lönngren


    Full Text Available The article ""I ask you not to be annoyed at my questions": the Norwegian Professor Olaf Broch as translator (from the history of Russian-Norwegian connections" is devoted to the translation activity of the first Professor of Slavic languages Olaf Broch, who is known primarily as a linguist. The article is based on facts previously unknown: the correspondence Olaf Broch had with the Russian academician Alexei Shakhmatov. The comparison of the translations of the fragment from the novel by Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina illustrates how Olaf Broch endeavoured to translate correctly difficult words and received assistance from his Russian friend and colleague. The publication of this archival material fills one of the gaps in the scientific biography of the famous Norwegian linguist.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Pimentel Camillo Barra Nova de Melo


    Full Text Available A coleção Fundamentos da Educação: Recortes e Discussões chega ao seu quinto volume todos publicados pela Paco Editorial. O presente volume foi lançado em 2015 e contem 406 páginas, escritas por 21 autores, dentre eles graduados, especialistas, mestrandos, mestres, doutorandos, doutores, pós-doutores, todos estudiosos do campo educacional e comprometidos em compreender melhor tal fenômeno. Para isso buscaram, nesta obra, desvendar o pensamento pedagógico dos seguintes estudiosos: Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer, Édouard Claparède, Adolphe Ferrière, Henri Wallon, Roger Cousinet, Alexander Luria, Alexei Leontiev, Ana Teberosky, Emília Ferreiro, Howard Gardner, Hannah Arendt, Augusto Comte, Émile Durkheim, B.F. Skinner, Lawrence Stenhouse, Anton Makarenko, Florestan Fernandes, Louis Althusser e Michel Foucault.

  11. Strings, gauge fields, and the geometry behind the legacy of Maximilian Kreuzer

    CERN Document Server

    Katzarkov, Ludmil; Knapp, Johanna; Rashkov, Radoslav; Scheidegger, Emanuel


    This book contains exclusively invited contributions from collaborators of Maximilian Kreuzer, giving accounts of his scientific legacy and original articles from renowned theoretical physicists and mathematicians, including Victor Batyrev, Philip Candelas, Michael Douglas, Alexei Morozov, Joseph Polchinski, Peter van Nieuwenhuizen, and Peter West. Besides a collection of review and research articles from high-profile researchers in string theory and related fields of mathematics (in particular, algebraic geometry) which discuss recent progress in the exploration of string theory vacua and corresponding mathematical developments, this book contains a pedagogical account of the important work of Brandt, Dragon, and Kreuzer on classification of anomalies in gauge theories. This highly cited work, which is also quoted in the textbook of Steven Weinberg on quantum field theory, has not yet been presented in full detail except in private lecture notes by Norbert Dragon. Similarly, the software package PALP (Packag...

  12. Written Records about Hegumens of Chervleny Yar in the 14th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.P. Nikitin


    Full Text Available Objective: To examine written records mentioning the hegumens in the territory of Chervleny Yar during the Golden Horde period. Materials: The study is mainly based on the charters of Metropolitans Theognost and Alexei, concerning the dispute between the Orthodox dioceses of Saray and Ryazan in the 14th century. The results of archaeological research, references to plague outbreaks, and the reconstructed text of Taidula’s charter granted to Metropolitan Theognost provide indirect information for research. Results and novelty of the research: Based on the mention of hegumens in Chervleny Yar in the 14th century in the charters of the Metropolitans Theognost and Alexei, one can assert the existence of several Orthodox monasteries in the territory of this administrative unit of the Golden Horde. The plague, the fiscal policy of Janibek, and the spread of Islam in the Jochid ulus could have been the true reasons for the disappearance of monasteries in the 14th century. The plague epidemic could have completely destroyed the inhabitants of the monastery and the rural district of the cloister. Janibek’s decision to deprive the Orthodox Church of tax benefits could have led to the liquidation of the financial basis for monastic life in the interfluve of the Don and the Khoper after the disappearance of support for monasteries. In addition to all these, the wide proliferation of Islam among the population of Chervleny Yar eliminated the possibility of functioning Orthodox spiritual centers outside of the Russian principalities. The charter of Metropolitan Theognost can be dated between 1334 and 1346–1349. Archaeological search for Christian objects of the Golden Horde period in the interfluve of the Don and the Khoper can be considered as a task for the future.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Галина Владимировна Аксенова


    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the fate of the intellectuals who came over to the Soviet power and participated in the revolutionary process. The analysis is carried out on the example of the life and work of artist Alexei Rybnikov (1887-1949, who came from a merchant family, initially received economic education, graduated from Kharkov school of painting and drawin-gand participated in the exhibitions of “Jack of diamonds”.There are considered the peculiarities of his pre-revolutionary art. The author notes the role of the artist in the rescue of the unique art collections in the years of his work in the People’s Commissariat for Education. There is shownhow the Revolution and the Civil war, the nationalization and requisition of artistic values changed the processes of museum construction in Russia and then the Soviet Union. The author points out that the process of nationalization of the historical and artistic values revealed one of the important issues related to the conservation of works of art - the problem of restoration. The solution to this problem was associated with the need to study the technological characteristics of the paintings by old masters, to record the physical condition of all existing works of art, to describe its technical condition. There is shown that the practical work of rescue and restoration of the old masters’ heritage, which was carried out at the State Tretyakov gallery and the Hermitage by artists, technologists, photographers and scientists (chemists and physicists, led to the discovery of new methods of paintings salvation. Russian artist Alexei Rybnikov began his career before the revolution of 1917 as a painter, book designer and muralist.Like many other representatives of this profession, at first he became an officer of the People’s Commissariat for Education, then an employee of a museum. This path of a free artist’s transformation into a serious museum employee gave the world a new way of

  14. A model for the Lin-Shu type density-wave structure of our Galaxy: Line-of-sight and transverse-longitudinal velocities of 242 optically visible open clusters (United States)

    Griv, E.; Jiang, I.-G.


    In this paper, the fourth in a series, we examine again one of the implications of the Lin-Shu density-wave theory, specifically, the noncircular systematic motion of the Galactic objects. Our previous investigation is extended by analyzing simultaneously both the line-of-sight and transversal velocities of a sample of open clusters for which velocities, distances and ages are available. The ordinary equations of the Oort-Lindblad theory of galactic differential rotation are used. The minor effects caused by the two-dimensional tightly-wound density waves are also taken into account. The published data of 242 currently known optically visible clusters having distances rsight and transversal along the Galactic longitude velocities are nearly equal. We argue that the resemblance of these Galactic wave structures is so remarkable that no doubt is felt as to the theory's truth with respect to these data. The results obtained allow us to conclude that several low-m trailing density-wave patterns with different number of spiral arms m (say, m=1, 2, 3, and 4), pitch angles (about 5o, 8o, 11o, and 14o, respectively) and amplitudes of the perturbed gravitational potential may coexist in the Galaxy. The latter suggests the asymmetric multiarm, not well-organized (``flocculent'') spiral structure of the system. In memory of Professors Alexei M. Fridman (1940-2010) and Chi Yuan (1937-2008)

  15. The "Biogenetic Law" in zoology: from Ernst Haeckel's formulation to current approaches. (United States)

    Olsson, Lennart; Levit, Georgy S; Hoßfeld, Uwe


    150 years ago, in 1866, Ernst Haeckel published a book in two volumes called "Generelle Morphologie der Organismen" (General Morphology of Organisms) in which he formulated his biogenetic law, famously stating that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny. Here we describe Haeckel's original idea and follow its development in the thinking of two scientists inspired by Haeckel, Alexei Sewertzoff and Adolf Naef. Sewertzoff and Naef initially approached the problem of reformulating Haeckel's law in similar ways, and formulated comparable hypotheses at a purely descriptive level. But their theoretical viewpoints were crucially different. While Sewertzoff laid the foundations for a Darwinian evolutionary morphology and is regarded as a forerunner of the Modern Synthesis, Naef was one of the most important figures in 'idealistic morphology', usually seen as a type of anti-Darwinism. Both Naef and Sewertzoff aimed to revise Haeckel's biogenetic law and came to comparable conclusions at the empirical level. We end our review with a brief look at the present situation in which molecular data are used to test the "hour-glass model", which can be seen as a modern version of the biogenetic law.

  16. university 2012 / krasnoyarsk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Grigoryeva


    Full Text Available This issue consists of two parts. Both parts are connected with the upcoming review competition of graduation projects, which will be held in Krasnoyarsk in the second half of September.Konstantin Kiyanenko has sent us a map of Russia with architecture schools densely marked in the European part, in the west, and with a decreasing number of such schools further to the east. It is in direct ratio to the population. There are so few (and fewer and fewer of us… The more crucial it is that Krasnoyarsk, the biggest city of Eastern Siberia, was chosen to conduct the review competition.This issue contains a catalogue of the annual East-Siberian Zodchestvo Festival and the winning works from Krasnoyarsk presented in detail.The projects for the Ergaki by Alexei Myakota will show us the mountains, which are also visible in the city. Together with the guests, we will have a walk around the two central squares in Krasnoyarsk, along the embankment that connects those squares, and on the islands. Olga Smirnova, a graduate of Leningrad Engineering Construction Institute and a landscape architect, who has been working in Krasnoyarsk for a long time, expresses her love to the city in her frank and sincere talk with her colleagues.The city’s beautiful things are made by those who graduated from Russian, Soviet and again Russian Universities. And the mistakes are also made by us.

  17. Tomorrow will be too late

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Edberg, R.; Yablokov, A.


    Swedish statesman Rolf Edberg and Soviet biologist Alexei Yablokov, both environmental activists, met in 1987 to hold a dialogue on the problems facing mankind on the eve of a new millennium. The two men had never met before and each entered the discussions expecting ideological differences to create conflicting approaches to problems; both were astounded by the almost total agreement of their views. This book contains conversations touching on population growth, pollution, biological extinction, habitat destruction, nuclear hazards, technological proliferation, and other issues. They reinforced their concerns with a wealth of information about environmental abuse. Consistently setting aside utopian visions to focus on mutually perceived threats to the survival of life on earth, the two concluded their talks with agreement on those moral commitments necessary to effect change. No other work brings East and West together in such a wide-ranging discussion of the ecological crisis facing both spheres. While these dialogues are a refreshing indication of improved East-West relationships, they drive home the seriousness of the crisis that, if not confronted immediately, will render all other political and economic conflicts meaningless

  18. Russia's imperial blood: was Rasputin not the healer of legend? (United States)

    Kendrick, John M L


    The only son of Russia's last Tsar, a great-grandson of Queen Victoria, continues to be used as the favorite example of the X-linked inheritance of hemophilia, in spite of the fact that this popular historical diathesis has never been confirmed by any form of modern medical laboratory testing. Certain to be controversial, a new study of the symptoms that were witnessed by those who were closest to the teenaged Russian heir now raises the possibility that his blood disorder might well have been something other than hemophilia. The key to discovering Tsarevich Alexei's true diagnosis is found in those now legendary allegations that the infamous "Mad Monk", Grigory Rasputin, had possessed a power of healing that was somehow responsible for the young boy's mysterious history of spontaneous recoveries. If we are to accept the popular diagnosis of history and call it a clotting factor deficiency, then the boy's now famous sudden recoveries will remain a complete mystery. The so-called "Mad Monk" Rasputin, as a direct result of the revolutionary propaganda of the time, is then overblown into a larger-than-life legend. If, however, we are to change the diagnosis and call it a platelet disorder, then the air is let out of the legend, and Rasputin is revealed to have been nothing more than a very ordinary middle-aged Siberian hippie who did not possess any healing powers at all. Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  19. Noise-induced transitions and resonant effects in nonlinear systems (United States)

    Zaikin, Alexei


    Our every-day experience is connected with different acoustical noise or music. Usually noise plays the role of nuisance in any communication and destroys any order in a system. Similar optical effects are known: strong snowing or raining decreases quality of a vision. In contrast to these situations noisy stimuli can also play a positive constructive role, e.g. a driver can be more concentrated in a presence of quiet music. Transmission processes in neural systems are of especial interest from this point of view: excitation or information will be transmitted only in the case if a signal overcomes a threshold. Dr. Alexei Zaikin from the Potsdam University studies noise-induced phenomena in nonlinear systems from a theoretical point of view. Especially he is interested in the processes, in which noise influences the behaviour of a system twice: if the intensity of noise is over a threshold, it induces some regular structure that will be synchronized with the behaviour of neighbour elements. To obtain such a system with a threshold one needs one more noise source. Dr. Zaikin has analyzed further examples of such doubly stochastic effects and developed a concept of these new phenomena. These theoretical findings are important, because such processes can play a crucial role in neurophysics, technical communication devices and living sciences. Unsere alltägliche Erfahrung ist mit verschiedenen akustischen Einfluessen wie Lärm, aber auch Musik verbunden. Jeder weiss, wie Lärm stören kann und Kommunikation behindert oder gar unterbindet. Ähnliche optische Effekte sind bekannt: starkes Schneetreiben oder Regengüsse verschlechtern die Sicht und lassen uns Umrisse nur noch schemenhaft erkennen. Jedoch koennen ähnliche Stimuli auch sehr positive Auswirkungen haben: Autofahrer fahren bei leiser Musik konzentrierter -- die Behauptung von Schulkindern, nur bei dröhnenden Bässen die Mathehausaufgaben richtig rechnen zu können, ist allerdings nicht wissenschaftlich

  20. Academic Biography in the Context of the Anti-Formalist Campaign of the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yelena N. Penskaya


    Full Text Available The paper is focused around two biographical themes. Theme one is history of demolishing Leningrad school of dramatic theory developed in the State Institute of History of Art (GIII in the 1920s. In 1931, the GIII was closed by a Sovnarkom resolution and transformed into Len- ingrad division of the State Academy of Art Studies (LOGAIS established by the same resolu- tion. Theme two is description of the ‘academic traumatism’, traumatic behavior and its bio- graphical effects caused by destruction of a whole scientific trend during the anti-formalism campaign of the early 1930s. Based on archival documents (from the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art, shorthand notes and reports on discussions of the 1930s, we analyze behav- ioral tactics of initiators, participants and victims of the longstanding stigmatization and catalog absolutory, denunciative and repentant narratives. In particular, this paper analyzes the un- published letter to the editors of Rabochiy i Teatr journal written by Alexander Slonimsky, one of the key players in development and obliteration of dramatic theory associated primarily with Alexei Gvozdev’s group and with transformation and dissolution of the leading humanities in- stitutes. The text of the letter appears to be engrained in the complicated mosaic of measures aimed to discredit Meyerhold’s theater practice and Gvozdev as the leader of the scientific school. Deliberate misinterpretation and corruption of self-descriptions along with reconstruc- tion of biographies are some of the most crucial factors that affected reception of cultural pro- jects and their creators in the 1930s and later.

  1. Channeling and related crystal effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uggerhoj, Erik


    Channeling, the interaction of particles with oriented crystals, has been applied in a wide variety of scientific and technological areas. A workshop at Aarhus, Denmark, this summer highlighted progress and future directions. Radiation emission has been explored and linked to coherent bremsstrahlung and other oriented crystal radiations. Dramatic effects have been found for ultra-relativistic electrons with Lorentz factors of 105 6. Single crystals are unique for investigations of quantum electrodynamics in strong external fields because probabilities for processes in axial/ planar fields are determined by the magnitude of these fields in the particle rest frame. Erik Uggerhoj of Aarhus reported on an extensive series of experiments concerning radiation emission, pair production, and shower formation carried out at CERN by the NA43 collaboration. As Vladimir Baier of Novosibirsk and Yuri Kononets of Kurchatov noted, theoretical treatment of these interconnected radiation distributions is challenging and much work needs to be done. In general, the agreement with the CERN experiments is good, but many areas like polarization phenomena and particle production need investigation. Prominent among high energy applications is extraction from accelerators. At the workshop, Alexei Asseev reported on beam extraction using a bent crystal at Serpukhov. Konrad Elsener and Jukka Klem reviewed recent CERN SPS studies driven by the possibility of using crystals for extraction of LHC beams. Thornton Murphy of Fermilab announced a step in that direction, with a demonstration this summer of extraction from the Tevatron at 900 GeV. Bent crystal channeling is also used for handling extracted high energy beams. Niels Doble presented a beautiful example of a beam for the CERN NA48 CP-violation experiment. Yuri Chesnokov reported that beams had been deflected through angles up to 150 milliradians at Serpukhov

  2. Toward Implementation of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems Data Sharing Principles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul F Uhlir


    Full Text Available This article reflects the views of the authors and not necessarily those of their institutions of employment or affiliation. This article was first written as a “white paper” for the Group on Earth Observations (GEO under Task DA-06-01, “Furthering the Practical Application of the Agreed GEOSS Data Sharing Principles,” which was led beginning in 2006 by the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA of the International Council for Science (ISCU under the auspices of the GEO Architecture and Data Committee. We would like to thank the many individuals who helped facilitate the writing of the article or its review. These include Michael Rast, Michael Tanner, and Masami Onoda of the GEO Secretariat, and Kathleen Cass of the CODATA Secretariat, all of whom provided a great deal of project guidance and administrative support; Charles Barton, Australian National University, and Jack Hill, the U.S. Geological Survey, for their contributions to the drafting of the article; Santiago Borrero, Dora Ann Lange Canhos, Yukiko Fukasaku, Huadong Guo, Alexei Gvishiani, Bernard Minster, Steve Rossouw, and Fraser Taylor for providing review comments on earlier drafts; and the many representatives to GEO from its Member States or Affiliated Organizations, who also provided significant substantive comments and suggestions. We also acknowledge the strong support and encouragement of José Achache, Director of the GEO Secretariat, who recognized early on the importance of this effort. Finally, we wish to thank the editors of the Journal of Space Law and the CODATA Data Science Journal, for their assistance with the publishing of this article.

  3. Building Baluchitherium and Indricotherium: imperial and international networks in early-twentieth century paleontology. (United States)

    Manias, Chris


    Over the first decades of the twentieth century, the fragmentary remains of a huge prehistoric ungulate were unearthed in scientific expeditions in India, Turkestan and Mongolia. Following channels of formal and informal empire, these were transported to collections in Britain, Russia and the United States. While striking and of immense size, the bones proved extremely difficult to interpret. Alternately naming the creature Paraceratherium, Baluchitherium and Indricotherium, paleontologists Clive Forster-Cooper, Alexei Borissiak and Henry Fairfield Osborn struggled over the reconstruction of this gigantic fossil mammal. However, despite these problems, shared work on the creature served as a focus for collaboration and exchange rather than rivalry between these three scientific communities. Not only did the initial interpretation and analysis depend on pre-existing connections between British and American paleontological institutions, but the need for comparative material, recognition and contacts brought British and American scholars into communication and exchange with their counterparts in the Soviet Union. This article examines these processes. It first uses these excavations as a comparative case-study of different manifestations of colonial science in this period, examining how scholars in the Britain, the Russian Empire and the United States used formal and informal colonial links to Asia to pursue new research. It then moves to examine how the common problem of reconstructing this giant animal drew metropolitan scientific communities together, at least for a time. The construction of the Baluchitherium and Indricotherium illustrates the drives to expand research both imperially and internationally in the early-twentieth century, but also the continual problems in resources, institutionalization, transport and communication that could run up against scientific work.

  4. List of participants at SIDE IV meeting, Tokyo, 27 November--1 December 2000 (United States)


    Zagrodzinski, Alexei Zhedanov

  5. [Issues of occupational health in scientific works of Aleksey N. Sysin (to the 85th anniversary of the "A.N. Sysin Research Institute of Human Ecology and Environmental Health")]. (United States)

    Shigan, E F

    Research priorities of Alexei Nikolaevich Sysin (1879-1956) were faced to the study of issues of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of Russia. World- renowned hygienist scientist was the one of the pioneers in the field of general and communal hygiene, epidemiology and disinfection. Not little attention A.N. Sysin paid also to issues of occupational health, together with other scientists he laid the foundation of modern Occupational Health. The victory of the Great October Revolution has set before organizers and medical science scholars, among who was A.N. Sysin, new challenges in dealing with the many complex issues, including occupational health issues. Already in the first months of the new Republic he prepared dozens of directives, regulations and instructions, wrote a large number of draft laws for health services, developed the first regulations on the sanitary supervision of the country enterprises. The leading role in the emergence of many printed newspapers and magazines, books and bulletins on general issues in health, preventive medicine, hygiene, epidemiology, occupational health is belonged to A.N. Sysin. He published more than 250 scientific papers on various aspects of sanitary science: from the problems of epidemics of dangerous infections to the working and living conditions of different enterprises. A. N. Sysin paid a lot of attention to industrial injuries, problems of increscent occupational toxicology, the introduction of newest forms of general and personal protective equipment at the plant, modernization of the industrial equipment, issues of the shortened workday, labor of women and children - all kinds of sanitary measures and improvement of labor and living workers' conditions.

  6. A Bayou privateer critique’s Marcoux’s fiduciary argument against stakeholder theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emir Phillips


    Full Text Available This Article critique’s Alexei Marcoux’s A Fiduciary Argument Against Stakeholder Theory which set the mark for Shareholder Theory. Stakeholder Theorists sense the denouement of Shareholder Theory, but perhaps this in-depth reassessment of Marcoux’s Article may have them reconsidering. Recent corporate scandals reveal only the moral paucity of that company’s management and are not conclusive evidence of any odious qualities inherent to either shareholders or Shareholder Theory. The theory that can throw out the bathwater and keep the baby will win. This article adheres to a modified Shareholder Theory elucidated therein while admitting that the human, all-too human Shareholder Theory evinces every fiber of our moral being when injustice harms that which we most love. This Article hopefully makes clear that Stakeholder Theory is best attainable within the legal rubric of 3rd party beneficiary analysis, which is a valid extension of Shareholder Theory. One can see the power of this when applied to a 3rd party beneficiary (stakeholder, thereby generally negating any further philosophizing as to a Stakeholder Theory when the legal contract principle of 3rd party beneficiary so readily inculcates it. Thus, Stakeholder Theorists can sleep at night, 3rd party beneficiary Contract Law is operating 24/7. The contracting 1st parties need only address important contingencies likely enough to warrant the transaction costs of express provision, such as the possible subsequent inclusion of 3rd party beneficiaries. For all other contingencies, the fiduciary obligation fills the gap. And so, while presently in an awkward position, Shareholder Theory has the advantage of being right, even if it desperately needed this Article to save itself

  7. Extreme QCD 2012 (xQCD) (United States)


    Acknowledgements This conference would not have been possible without the generous support from Brookhaven National Laboratory and the George Washington University INS and IMPACT institutes, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, the Office of Vice-President for Research, and the Department of Physics. We thank them wholeheartedly. We are also very grateful for the support of our colleagues on the local organizing committee, Walter Freeman and Frank Lee, and on the International Advisory Committee: Simon Hands, Tetsuo Hatsuda, Frithjof Karsch, Maria Paola Lombardo, Tereza Mendes, Atsushi Nakamura, Owe Philipsen, Claudia Ratti, Paul Romatschke, Misha Stephanov, and Nu Xu. List of participants Alexandru, Andrei George Washington University Bazavov, Alexei Brookhaven National Laboratory Bloch, Jacques University of Regensburg Braun-Munzinger, Peter EMMI, GSI Breto Rangel, Guillermo CMS/UC Davis D'Elia, Massimo University of Pisa, INFN Dexheimer, Veronica UFSC - Federal University of Santa Catarina Ding, Heng-Tong Brookhaven National Laboratory Dion, Alan Stony Brook University Dumitru, Adrian RBRC and Baruch College, CUNY Freeman, Walter George Washington University Gavai, Rajiv Tata Institute (TIFR), Mumbai Hanada, Masanori KEK Theory Center Hands, Simon Swansea University Hegde, Prasad Brookhaven National Laboratory Heinke, Craig University of Alberta Horvath, Ivan University of Kentucky Karsch, Frithjof Brookhaven National Laboratory Krieg, Stefan Wuppertal University Lattimer, James Stony Brook University Lee, Frank George Washington University Li, Anyi Institute for Nuclear Theory Liu, Keh-Fei University of Kentucky Lombardo, Maria Paola INFN - LNF Lottini, Stefano Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main Maezawa, Yu Brookhaven National Laboratory Miura, Kohtaroh Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati - INFN Monnai, Akihiko The University of Tokyo Mukherjee, Swagato Brookhaven National Laboratory Myers, Joyce University of Groningen Nakamura, Atsushi RIISE, Hiroshima

  8. PREFACE: Statistical Physics of Complex Fluids (United States)

    Golestanian, R.; Khajehpour, M. R. H.; Kolahchi, M. R.; Rouhani, S.


    meeting, covered some of the various areas in statistical physics currently active in Iran. About half of the participants came from countries other than Iran, with a relatively broad geographic distribution. The meeting benefited greatly from the excellent administrative assistance of the conference secretary Ms Ashraf Moosavi and the IASBS staff. We are grateful to Professor Yousef Sobouti, the Director of IASBS, and Professor Reza Mansouri, the Head of the Physical Society of Iran, for their support. We also thank the organizers of STATPHYS22, Professor Rahul Pandit and his colleagues, for their suggestions and support. The conference was supported by donations from the Center for International Research and Collaboration (ISMO) and the Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE) of the Iranian Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, the Islamic Development Bank, the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), the Tehran Cluster Office of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Research and Development Directorate of the National Iranian Oil Company, the Physical Society of Iran, the Iranian Meteorological Organization, and the Zanjan City Water and Waste Water Company. Finally, we would like to express our gratitude to Institute of Physics Publishing, and in particular to Professor Alexei Kornyshev and Dr Richard Palmer for suggesting publishing the proceedings of the meeting and carrying through the editorial processes with the utmost efficiency. Participants

  9. Introduction and Committees (United States)

    Angelova, Maia; Zakrzewski, Wojciech; Hussin, Véronique; Piette, Bernard


    This volume contains contributions to the XXVIIIth International Colloquium on Group-Theoretical Methods in Physics, the GROUP 28 conference, which took place in Newcastle upon Tyne from 26-30 July 2010. All plenary and contributed papers have undergone an independent review; as a result of this review and the decisions of the Editorial Board most but not all of the contributions were accepted. The volume is organised as follows: it starts with notes in memory of Marcos Moshinsky, followed by contributions related to the Wigner Medal and Hermann Weyl prize. Then the invited talks at the plenary sessions and the public lecture are published followed by contributions in the parallel and poster sessions in alphabetical order. The Editors:Maia Angelova, Wojciech Zakrzewski, Véronique Hussin and Bernard Piette International Advisory Committee Michael BaakeUniversity of Bielefeld, Germany Gerald DunneUniversity of Connecticut, USA J F (Frank) GomesUNESP, Sao Paolo, Brazil Peter HanggiUniversity of Augsburg, Germany Jeffrey C LagariasUniversity of Michigan, USA Michael MackeyMcGill University, Canada Nicholas MantonCambridge University, UK Alexei MorozovITEP, Moscow, Russia Valery RubakovINR, Moscow, Russia Barry SandersUniversity of Calgary, Canada Allan SolomonOpen University, Milton Keynes, UK Christoph SchweigertUniversity of Hamburg, Germany Standing Committee Twareque AliConcordia University, Canada Luis BoyaSalamanca University, Spain Enrico CeleghiniFirenze University, Italy Vladimir DobrevBulgarian Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria Heinz-Dietrich DoebnerHonorary Member, Clausthal University, Germany Jean-Pierre GazeauChairman, Paris Diderot University, France Mo-Lin GeNankai University. China Gerald GoldinRutgers University, USA Francesco IachelloYale University, USA Joris Van der JeugtGhent University, Belgium Richard KernerPierre et Marie Curie University, France Piotr KielanowskiCINVESTAV, Mexico Alan KosteleckyIndiana University, USA Mariano del Olmo

  10. PREFACE: International Symposium on (e,2e), Double Photoionization and Related Topics & 15th International Symposium on Polarization and Correlation in Electronic and Atomic Collisions (United States)

    Martin, Nicholas L. S.; deHarak, Bruno A.


    44 submitted posters covered recent advances in these topics. These proceedings present papers on 35 of the invited talks. The Local Organizers gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the University of Kentucky College of Arts and Sciences, and the University of Kentucky Department of Physics and Astronomy. We also thank Carol Cotrill, Eva Ellis, Diane Yates, Sarah Crowe, and John Nichols, of the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky for their invaluable assistance in the smooth running of the conferences; Oleksandr Korneta for taking the group photograph; and Emily Martin for helping accompanying persons. Nicholas L S Martin University of Kentucky Bruno A deHarak Illinois Wesleyan University International Scientific Organizing Committee Co-Chairs Don Madison (USA)Klaus Bartschat (USA) Members Lorenzo Avaldi (Italy)Nils Andersen (Denmark) Jamal Berakdar (Germany)Uwe Becker (Germany) Michael Brunger (Australia)Igor Bray (Australia) Greg Childers (USA)Nikolay Cherepkov (Russia) JingKang Deng (China)Albert Crowe (UK) Alexander Dorn (Germany)Danielle Dowek (France) Jim Feagin (USA)Oscar Fojon (Argentina) Nikolay Kabachnik (Russia)Tim Gay (USA) Anatoli Kheifets (Australia)Alexei Grum-Grzhimailo (Russia) George King (UK)Friedrich Hanne (Germany) Tom Kirchner (Germany)Alan Huetz (France) Azzedine Lahmam-Bennani (France)Morty Khakoo (USA) Julian Lower (Australia)Birgit Lohmann (Australia) William McCurdy (USA)Bill McConkey (Canada) Andrew Murray (UK)Rajesh Srivastava (India) Bernard Piraux (Belgium)Al Stauffer (Canada) Tim Reddish (Canada)Jim Williams (Australia) Roberto Rivarola (Argentina)Akira Yagishita (Japan) Michael Schulz (USA)Peter Zetner (Canada) Anthony Starace (USA)Joachim Ullrich (Germany) Giovanni Stefani (Italy)Erich Weigold (Australia) Masahiko Takahashi (Japan) Conference photograph

  11. PREFACE: SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor: Devoted to the 75th anniversary of Yu M Ostanevich's birth (United States)

    Gordely, Valentin; Kuklin, Alexander; Balasoiu, Maria


    Mossbauer effect in physics and chemistry, in SANS studies of polyelectrolytes, small molecules, fractals, metallic glasses, macromolecules, polymers, etc., were recognized by a number of awards including the State Prize of the Russian Federation in 2000. The scientific program of the workshop focused on fundamental and methodical research at the YuMO spectrometer and developments of the SANS instrument at the modernized IBR-2M reactor. We recall that the acronym YuMO of the small-angle neutron scattering spectrometer (MURN), was given in honor of Yu M Ostanevich. One of the most important objectives of this user meeting was to discuss the further development possibilities of the YuMO spectrometer with experts, in the frame of a SANS YuMO Round Table, taking into account the specific performance of the modernized YuMO SANS instrument, and the scientific and technical requests of the instrument's users. Highlights on modern achievements in nanoscience, polymers and biology were other significant goals of the meeting. The plenary invited talks were presented by leading scientists in small-angle neutron scattering and soft condensed matter, including members of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Prof. Heinrich Stuhrmann, Prof. Alexei Khokhlov, Prof. Jose Teixeira, Prof. Alexander Ozerin, Prof. Albrecht Wiedenmann, etc. There were 27 oral talks given and 32 posters presented by 92 participants from 12 countries: Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovak Republic, and Ukraine. The workshop was organized with the financial support of the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research), Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering - IFIN HH (Romania), Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry AS CR (Czech Republic), and Comenius University (Slovakia). V Gordeliy, A Kuklin and M Balasoiu SANSgroup Participants of the meeting The PDF also contains additional photographs

  12. Snowmaking in ski resorts: spatial decision support for management of snowpack (United States)

    Loubier, Jean-Christophe; Kanevski, Mikhail; Doctor, Marut; Schumacher, Michael; Timonin, Vadim


    result is a map of probable heights provided to stakeholders, allowing them to adjust their production strategy based on the situation. Acknowledgements This work was partly supported by Swiss CTI project "Juste Neige". Bibliography SHARDUL Agrawala (ed)2007;Climate Change in the European Alps Adapting Winter Tourism and Natural Hazards Management; OECD Publishing Paris, France BADRE Michel, PRIME Jean-Louis, RIBIERE Georges 2009 ; Neige de culture : état des lieux et impacts environnementaux - Note socio-économique ; Conseil général de l'environnement et du développement durable ; Paris ; France DE JONG, Carmen., 2008. 'Resource conflicts in mountain: source and solutions'. Mountain Forum Bulletin 8:1,pp. 5-7. KANEVSKI Mikhail, POZDNOUKHOV Alexei, and TIMONIN Vadim (2009); Machine Learning for Spatial Environmental Data. Theory, Applications" Softwsare. EPFL and CRC Press.

  13. There Will Be Gas: Gazprom's Transport Strategy in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bros, Aurelie


    gets 51% of the transportation profit for the same price. In the context of the deepening Ukrainian-Russian crisis, Alexander Medvedev, Gazprom's deputy CEO, reaffirmed in June 2014 that the company will definitely cease gas transit though Ukrainian territory at the end of 2019-the expiration date of a 10-year transit contract signed in winter 2009 when gas transit through Ukraine was halted for a few weeks. Nevertheless, Alexei Miller, Gazprom's Deputy Chairman, officially rejected this target on the 26 June. He said there was an order from President Vladimir Putin to start negotiations with Ukraine on post-2019 transit conditions. This traditional route is currently not entirely replaceable. If Gazprom wants to significantly reduce transit through Ukraine, it has to accelerate the construction of the Turkish Stream and the expansion of the Nord Stream. Gazprom will probably have to prioritize its projects, as it is rather complicated to address everything head-on. One question remains: Will the Turkish Stream be built according to Gazprom's plan and timeline? The ultimate outcome remains uncertain. Despite stagnating demand, Gazprom does not seem to be ready to deflect attention away from the European market. Gazprom's first objective in Europe consists of increasing or at least maintaining its sales on the wholesale market, just like any other company, while covering the entire gas value chain is its second objective. However, Gazprom has to adapt to the new rules of the game. The depletion of reserves is progressively increasing, while European economies are energy-intensive. (author)

  14. PREFACE: International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis (United States)

    Mortell, Michael P.; O'Malley, Robert E.; Pokrovskii, Alexei; Rachinskii, Dmitrii; Sobolev, Vladimir A.


    , International Association of Hydrological Sciences, and Laboratoire Poncelet is gratefully acknowledged. The Editors and the Organizers of the Workshop wish to place on record their sincere gratitude to Mr Andrew Zhezherun and Mr Alexander Pimenov of University College Cork for both the assistance which he provided to all the presenters at the Workshop, and for the careful formatting of all the manuscripts prior to their being forwarded to the Publisher. More information about the Workshop can be found at Michael P Mortell, Robert E O'Malley Jr, Alexei Pokrovskii, Dmitrii Rachinskii and Vladimir Sobolev Editors

  15. Journal of Proton Therapy: Call for Papers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Journal of Proton Therapy


    - Patient Care, Division of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.Alexei V. Trofimov, PhD Dr. Trofimov is a Radiation Physicist at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH as well as Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology at Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.Minesh Mehta, MD Dr. Mehta is the Medical Director at the Maryland Proton Treatment Center as well as Professor at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.Terence Sio, MD, MS Dr. Sio is a Resident Physician at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.Bijan Arjomandy, PhD Dr. Arjomandy is a Lead Senior Proton Medical Physicist at the McLaren Proton Therapy Center, Flint, Michigan, USA.Gino Lim, PhD Dr. Lim is the Department Chair and Associate Professor at the Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.Wayne D. Newhauser, PhD Dr. Newhauser is the Professor and Director of Medical Physics and Health Physics at Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA.Shikui Tang, PhD Dr. Tang is a Medical Physicist at ProCure Proton Therapy Center, Somerset, New Jersey, USA.David Mansur, MD Dr. Mansur is a Division Chief at Radiation Oncology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.Barbara Rombi, MD Dr. Rombi is an Attending Physician at Proton Therapy Center, S. Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy.Cole Kreofsky, MD Dr. Kreofsky is a Resident Physician at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.Lane Rosen, MDDr. Rosen is a Radiation Oncologist at the Department of Radiation Oncology, Willis-Knighton Cancer Center, Shreveport, Louisiana, USA.Charles Bloch, PhDDr. Bloch is an Associate Professor at the Department of Radiation Oncology, University of

  16. PREFACE: International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics (CHEP 2012) (United States)

    Ernst, Michael; Düllmann, Dirk; Rind, Ofer; Wong, Tony


    Wisconsin-Madison, United States Günter Duckeck, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany Richard Dubois, SLAC, United States Michael Ernst, BNL, United States Ian Fisk, Fermilab, United States Gonzalo Merino, PIC, Spain John Gordon, STFC-RAL, United Kingdom Volker Gülzow, DESY, Germany Frederic Hemmer, CERN, Switzerland Viatcheslav Ilyin, Moscow State University, Russia Nobuhiko Katayama, KEK, Japan Alexei Klimentov, BNL, United States Simon C. Lin, Academia Sinica, Taiwan Milos Lokajícek, FZU Prague, Czech Republic David Malon, ANL, United States Pere Mato Vila, CERN, Switzerland Mauro Morandin, INFN CNAF, Italy Harvey Newman, Caltech, United States Farid Ould-Saada, University of Oslo, Norway Ruth Pordes, Fermilab, United States Hiroshi Sakamoto, University of Tokyo, Japan Alberto Santoro, UERJ, Brazil Jim Shank, Boston University, United States Dongchul Son, Kyungpook National University, South Korea Reda Tafirout, TRIUMF, Canada Stephen Wolbers, Fermilab, United States Frank Wuerthwein, UCSD, United States

  17. Preface: Irgac 2006 (United States)

    Solà Joan


    experimental situation, i.e. to keep an eye on the future experiments that are planned to gather observational data on the cosmological parameters with unprecedented accuracy. Undoubtedly, some balanced phenomenology ingredient in a field like this is not only highly desirable, but actually indispensable to enable researchers to assess by themselves during the conference the real impact of the theoretical ideas versus experiments and observations, and vice versa. IRGAC 2006 in Barcelona was a follow-up to the first conference held in Ouro Preto, Brazil, in 2003 (under the slightly different acronym of IRGA 2003) [1]. The present, and more complete, name for this series (note the ending 'C') intends to stress the cosmology component of the meeting, and it is intended to stay in future editions. In this respect it is worth emphasizing that 2006 represented the 25th anniversary of the formulation of the inflationary paradigm, which nowadays appears as a theoretical conception perfectly compatible with, if not the most likely explanation for, the spatial flatness of our Universe as measured by the CMB data. This 25th anniversary was obviously a unique opportunity to accentuate and enhance the cosmology background of IRGAC 2006: see the full scientific program at As the chairman organizer of the conference, I was particularly interested to count, on this very special occasion, on the participation of the three outstanding cosmologists who first proposed the idea of inflation: Alan Guth, Andrei Linde and Alexei Starobinsky. I am very grateful to the three of them for being so positive in accepting my invitation to participate. I am especially grateful to Alan Guth for his early interest in our conference, expressed some two years before it took place. Needless to say, I am pleased to extend these thanks to the rest of the speakers and participants, without whom this conference would not have attained the high degree of scientific

  18. EDITORIAL: Focus on Attosecond Physics (United States)

    Bandrauk, André D.; Krausz, Ferenc; Starace, Anthony F.


    Chelkowski and A D Bandrauk Broadband generation in a Raman crystal driven by a pair of time-delayed linearly chirped pulses Miaochan Zhi and Alexei V Sokolov Ultrafast nanoplasmonics under coherent control Mark I Stockman Attosecond pulse carrier-envelope phase effects on ionized electron momentum and energy distributions: roles of frequency, intensity and an additional IR pulse Liang-You Peng, Evgeny A Pronin and Anthony F Starace Angular encoding in attosecond recollision Markus Kitzler, Xinhua Xie, Stefan Roither, Armin Scrinzi and Andrius Baltuska Polarization-resolved pump-probe spectroscopy with high harmonics Y Mairesse, S Haessler, B Fabre, J Higuet, W Boutu, P Breger, E Constant, D Descamps, E Mével, S Petit and P Salières Macroscopic effects in attosecond pulse generation T Ruchon, C P Hauri, K Varjú, E Mansten, M Swoboda, R López-Martens and A L'Huillier Monitoring long-term evolution of molecular vibrational wave packet using high-order harmonic generation M Yu Emelin, M Yu Ryabikin and A M Sergeev Intense single attosecond pulses from surface harmonics using the polarization gating technique S G Rykovanov, M Geissler, J Meyer-ter-Vehn and G D Tsakiris Imaging of carrier-envelope phase effects in above-threshold ionization with intense few-cycle laser fields M F Kling, J Rauschenberger, A J Verhoef, E Hasović, T Uphues, D B Milošević, H G Muller and M J J Vrakking Self-compression of optical laser pulses by filamentation A Mysyrowicz, A Couairon and U Keller Towards efficient generation of attosecond pulses from overdense plasma targets N M Naumova, C P Hauri, J A Nees, I V Sokolov, R Lopez-Martens and G A Mourou Quantum-path control in high-order harmonic generation at high photon energies Xiaoshi Zhang, Amy L Lytle, Oren Cohen, Margaret M Murnane and Henry C Kapteyn Time-resolved mapping of correlated electron emission from helium atom in an intense laser pulse C Ruiz and A Becker Pump and probe ultrafast electron dynamics in LiH: a computational study

  19. EDITORIAL: Colloidal dispersions in external fields Colloidal dispersions in external fields (United States)

    Löwen, Hartmut


    ller, Bastian Sieber, Holger Schweinfurth, Holger Reiber and Gerhard Nägele Electrokinetics on superhydrophobic surfacesPeriklis Papadopoulos, Xu Deng, Doris Vollmer and Hans-Jürgen Butt Numerical electrokineticsR Schmitz and B Dünweg Dielectric response of nanoscopic spherical colloids in alternating electric fields: a dissipative particle dynamics simulationJiajia Zhou and Friederike Schmid Self-assembly of colloidal particles into strings in a homogeneous external electric or magnetic fieldFrank Smallenburg, Hanumantha Rao Vutukuri, Arnout Imhof, Alfons van Blaaderen and Marjolein Dijkstra The nature of the laning transition in two dimensionsT Glanz and H Löwen Microscopic theory for anisotropic pair correlations in driven binary mixturesMatthias Kohl, Alexei V Ivlev, Philip Brandt, Gregor E Morfill and Hartmut Löwen Dynamics of individual colloidal particles in one-dimensional random potentials: a simulation studyRichard D L Hanes and Stefan U Egelhaaf An interacting dipole model to explore broadband transverse optical bindingMichael Mazilu, Andrew Rudhall, Ewan M Wright and Kishan Dholakia Comparison of 2D melting criteria in a colloidal systemPatrick Dillmann, Georg Maret and Peter Keim Effects of confinement and external fields on structure and transport in colloidal dispersions in reduced dimensionalityD Wilms, S Deutschländer, U Siems, K Franzrahe, P Henseler, P Keim, N Schwierz, P Virnau, K Binder, G Maret and P Nielaba Stochastic transport of particles across single barriersChristian Kreuter, Ullrich Siems, Peter Henseler, Peter Nielaba, Paul Leiderer and Artur Erbe A perspective on the interfacial properties of nanoscopic liquid dropsAlexandr Malijevský and George Jackson Controlling the wetting properties of the Asakura-Oosawa model and applications to spherical confinementA Statt, A Winkler, P Virnau and K Binder Crystalline multilayers of charged colloids in soft confinement: experiment versus theoryE C Oğuz, A Reinmüller, H J Schöpe, T Palberg, R