WorldWideScience

Sample records for alexander sokolov tarmo

  1. Drinfeld-Sokolov gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Zucchini, R

    1995-01-01

    A lagrangian euclidean model of Drinfeld--Sokolov (DS) reduction leading to general W--algebras on a Riemann surface of any genus is presented. The background geometry is given by the DS principal bundle K associated to a complex Lie group G and an SL(2,\\Bbb C) subgroup S. The basic fields are a hermitian fiber metric H of K and a (0,1) Koszul gauge field A^* of K valued in a certain negative graded subalgebra \\goth x of \\goth g related to \\goth s. The action governing the H and A^* dynamics is the effective action of a DS field theory in the geometric background specified by H and A^*. Quantization of H and A^* implements on one hand the DS reduction and on the other defines a novel model of 2d gravity, DS gravity. The gauge fixing of the DS gauge symmetry yields an integration on a moduli space of DS gauge equivalence classes of A^* configurations, the DS moduli space. The model has a residual gauge symmetry associated to the DS gauge transformations leaving a given field A^* invariant. This is the DS count...

  2. 100% kiiksuga : Tarmo Karama / Kristjan Arunurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arunurm, Kristjan

    2008-01-01

    Disainerist ja disainigurmaanist Tarmo Karamast, tema loodud sisustusmaterjalidest, roostevabast mööblist ja ruumikujundustest. Tarmo Karamal on sisekujundusbüroo "100% Design", ta toob Eestisse eksklusiivdisainiga esemeid

  3. 100% kiiksuga : Tarmo Karama / Kristjan Arunurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arunurm, Kristjan

    2008-01-01

    Disainerist ja disainigurmaanist Tarmo Karamast, tema loodud sisustusmaterjalidest, roostevabast mööblist ja ruumikujundustest. Tarmo Karamal on sisekujundusbüroo "100% Design", ta toob Eestisse eksklusiivdisainiga esemeid

  4. Alexander Fleming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2006-01-01

    Alexander Fleming was born in a remote, rural part of Scotland. After completing school he was employed by a shipping firm, though he didn’t much like it. In 1900, when the Boer War broke out between the United Kingdom and its colonies in southern Africa, Fleming and two brothers joined a Scottish regiment, which turned out to be as much a sporting club as anything. Soon after this, he got a legacy of 250 pounds from his uncle and decided to study medicine.

  5. Příjmení v Sokolově

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This thesis focuses on linguistic analysis of surnames in Sokolov. Classification and analysis of this antropomastic material are based on study of onomastic literature. The goal of this thesis is to introduce actual survey on word formation types of surnames in Sokolov.

  6. Computing the Alexander Polynomial Numerically

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Mikael Sonne

    2006-01-01

    Explains how to construct the Alexander Matrix and how this can be used to compute the Alexander polynomial numerically.......Explains how to construct the Alexander Matrix and how this can be used to compute the Alexander polynomial numerically....

  7. Remembering Alexander Meiklejohn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tussman, Joseph

    1984-01-01

    A former student of Alexander Meiklejohn, a member of the Experimental College movement on the 1930s, describes his impressions of Meiklejohn's life, leadership qualities, and personal characteristics. (MSE)

  8. Darboux Transformation for Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Xiao-Xing; Liu, Qing-Ping

    2015-11-01

    A coupled system known as the Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation is reexamined. With the help of a Lax operator of fourth order, its proper Darboux transformation is constructed. Also, a nonlinear superposition formula is worked out for the associated Bäcklund transformation and some solutions are calculated. Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant Nos. 11271366, 11331008 and 11401572, and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities

  9. Memorial Alexander Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AECK Associates, Arquitectos

    1958-05-01

    Full Text Available En Atlanta, el Instituto Tecnológico de Georgia acaba de ampliar sus instalaciones deportivas, construyendo el Alexander Memorial Center. Consta este nuevo Centro de dos edificios: una pista de baloncesto cubierta y un edificio anejo con vestuarios, duchas, una pista de entrenamiento, equipos técnicos y la emisora de radio Georgia Tech W. G. S. T.

  10. The application of trigonal curve to the Mikhailov-Shabat-Sokolov flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Guoliang; Geng, Xianguo; Wu, Lihua

    2016-08-01

    Resorting to the characteristic polynomial of Lax matrix for the Mikhailov-Shabat-Sokolov hierarchy associated with a {3 × 3} matrix spectral problem, we introduce a trigonal curve, from which we deduce the associated Baker-Akhiezer function, meromorphic functions and Dubrovin-type equations. The straightening out of the Mikhailov-Shabat-Sokolov flows is exactly given through the Abel map. On the basis of these results and the theory of trigonal curve, we obtain the explicit theta function representations of the Baker-Akhiezer function, the meromorphic functions, and in particular, that of solutions for the entire Mikhailov-Shabat-Sokolov hierarchy.

  11. Elupäästjate lood ja päästeteenistuse aumärkide saajad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Septembris 2001 aumärgid saanud päästjate nimekirjad. Pikemalt on kirjutatud järgmistest päästjatest: Aivar Issaev, Sulev Kase, Nail Beljalov, Lea Bärenson, Maidu Eru, Viktor Perets, Dmitri Bažura, Tarmo Klooster, Andres Leppenen, Tarmo Voltein, Karl Koort, Agu Annuk, Tiit Naan, Aare Ilves, Valentin Lossev, Oleg Kurilov, Vassili Sokolov, Alexander Soonvald, Alar Laanemägi, Tõivo Tim Nõlvak, Birko Kallas, Roland Kohv, Jevgeni Novikov

  12. Villi Pogga ja Tarmo Prikk juhtisid ettevõtted disainiauhinnani

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Villi Pogga juhitud Aquator ja Tarmo Priki juhitud Thulema said Saksamaal Essenis toimunud rahvusvahelisel konkursil Design Management Europe eriauhinna. Auhinda annab välja Esseni Disainikeskus koostöös 16 Euroopa disainikeskusega

  13. Villi Pogga ja Tarmo Prikk juhtisid ettevõtted disainiauhinnani

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Villi Pogga juhitud Aquator ja Tarmo Priki juhitud Thulema said Saksamaal Essenis toimunud rahvusvahelisel konkursil Design Management Europe eriauhinna. Auhinda annab välja Esseni Disainikeskus koostöös 16 Euroopa disainikeskusega

  14. Tarmo Kingist sai Inglismaal Eesti rikkaim vutimees / Veiko Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Veiko, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    USA väljaanne ESPN avaldas 182 riigi enim teenivate sportlaste sissetulekud. Selle järgi on Eesti enim teeniv sportlane Ragnar Klavan. Eesti Päevalehe hinnangul peaks see tiitel aga kuuluma Tarmo Kingile

  15. Genetics Home Reference: Alexander disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... up study of 22 Chinese children with Alexander disease and analysis of parental origin of de novo GFAP mutations. J Hum Genet. 2013 Apr;58(4):183-8. doi: 10.1038/jhg.2012.152. Epub 2013 Jan 31. Citation on ... GS. Alexander disease: ventricular garlands and abnormalities of the medulla and ...

  16. Alexander Duals of Multipermutohedron Ideals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ajay Kumar; Chanchal Kumar

    2014-02-01

    An Alexander dual of a multipermutohedron ideal has many combinatorial properties. The standard monomials of an Artinian quotient of such a dual correspond bijectively to some -parking functions, and many interesting properties of these Artinian quotients are obtained by Postnikov and Shapiro (Trans. Am. Math. Soc. 356 (2004) 3109–3142). Using the multigraded Hilbert series of an Artinian quotient of an Alexander dual of multipermutohedron ideals, we obtained a simple proof of Steck determinant formula for enumeration of -parking functions. A combinatorial formula for all the multigraded Betti numbers of an Alexander dual of multipermutohedron ideals are also obtained.

  17. Alexander Lowen: An Energetic Man.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Glenn E.; Rabinowitz, Fredric E.

    1992-01-01

    Presents interview with Alexander Lowen, prominent psychotherapist, who discusses his personal and professional development, as well as the evolution of bioenergetic analysis. Includes a list of suggested readings by Lowen. (Author/NB)

  18. Vliv těžby hnědého uhlí a rekultivací na socioekonomický rozvoj okresu Sokolov

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with revitalization of landscape and recultivation in Sokolov region. In its first part the paper deals with socioeconomic analysis of region Sokolov. The main task of this analysis is, evaluate present progress of this region. It also describes history of brown coal mining in brown coal field of Sokolov region and negative effect for landscape. Next chapters of this thesis show: recultivation in general, project documentation, financing arrangements, company Sokolov...

  19. Critical remarks on Sokolov's equation of the dynamics of a radiating electron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zot'ev, D. B.

    2016-09-01

    In the article by Sokolov [J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 109(2), 207 (2009)], the so-called renormalization of the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac (LAD) equation was proposed. The latter describes the motion of an electron in the electromagnetic field in consideration of the radiation reaction. In many articles of Sokolov and his colleagues, this model is promoted as more appropriate one when an electron is under the effect of a super-strong laser field. In this article, it is shown that such assertions are baseless and the physical importance of this model is vastly overestimated. Sokolov's equation suffers from numerous drawbacks arising from the fact that it represents not modified but distorted LAD. In particular, superluminal paradoxes arise in the framework of this model.

  20. Topological atlas of the Kowalevski-Sokolov top

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharlamov, Mikhail P.; Ryabov, Pavel E.; Savushkin, Alexander Yu.

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the phase topology of the integrable Hamiltonian system on e(3) found by V. V. Sokolov (2001) and generalizing the Kowalevski case. This generalization contains, along with a homogeneous potential force field, gyroscopic forces depending on the configurational variables. The relative equilibria are classified, their type is calculated and the character of stability is defined. The Smale diagrams of the case are found and the isoenergy manifolds of the reduced systems with two degrees of freedom are classified. The set of critical points of the momentum map is represented as a union of critical subsystems; each critical subsystem is a one-parameter family of almost Hamiltonian systems with one degree of freedom. For all critical points we explicitly calculate the characteristic values defining their type. We obtain the equations of the diagram of the momentum map and give a classification of isoenergy and isomomentum diagrams equipped with the description of regular integral manifolds and their bifurcations. We construct the Smale-Fomenko diagrams which, when considered in the enhanced space of the energy-momentum constants and the essential physical parameters, separate 25 different types of topological invariants called the Fomenko graphs. We find all marked loop molecules of rank 0 nondegenerate critical points and of rank 1 degenerate periodic trajectories. Analyzing the cross-sections of the isointegral equipped diagrams, we get a complete list of the Fomenko graphs. The marks on them producing the exact topological invariants of Fomenko-Zieschang can be found from previous investigations of two partial cases with some additions obtained from the loop molecules or by a straightforward calculation using the separation of variables.

  1. [Academician V.E. Sokolov is the head of the General Biology Department].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlov, D S; Shishkin, V S

    2009-01-01

    This paper considers the activity of Academician V.E. Sokolov as head of the General Biology Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which he headed from 1985 to 1998. The history of the struggle for the preservation of biological science, carried out by Sokolov and the Department headed by him over more than ten years, is shown based on archival and little-known published materials. Examples are given of the activity of the General Biology Department that had great scientific, public, and nature-conservation significance.

  2. Block algebra in two-component BKP and D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chuanzhong; He, Jingsong

    2013-11-01

    We construct generalized additional symmetries of a two-component BKP hierarchy defined by two pseudo-differential Lax operators. These additional symmetry flows form a Block type algebra with some modified (or additional) terms because of a B type reduction condition of this integrable hierarchy. Further we show that the D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy, which is a reduction of the two-component BKP hierarchy, possess a complete Block type additional symmetry algebra. That D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy has a similar algebraic structure as the bigraded Toda hierarchy which is a differential-discrete integrable system.

  3. Topological features of the Sokolov integrable case on the Lie algebra so(3,1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novikov, D. V.

    2014-08-01

    The integrable Sokolov case on {so}(3,1)\\star is investigated. This is a Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom, in which the Hamiltonian and the additional integral are homogeneous polynomials of degrees 2 and 4, respectively. It is an interesting feature of this system that connected components of common level surfaces of the Hamiltonian and the additional integral turn out to be noncompact. The critical points of the moment map and their indices are found, the bifurcation diagram is constructed, and the topology of noncompact level surfaces is determined, that is, the closures of solutions of the Sokolov system on {so}(3,1) are described. Bibliography: 24 titles.

  4. Block algebra in two-component BKP and D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Chuanzhong, E-mail: lichuanzhong@nbu.edu.cn; He, Jingsong, E-mail: hejingsong@nbu.edu.cn [Department of Mathematics, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211 (China)

    2013-11-15

    We construct generalized additional symmetries of a two-component BKP hierarchy defined by two pseudo-differential Lax operators. These additional symmetry flows form a Block type algebra with some modified (or additional) terms because of a B type reduction condition of this integrable hierarchy. Further we show that the D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy, which is a reduction of the two-component BKP hierarchy, possess a complete Block type additional symmetry algebra. That D type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy has a similar algebraic structure as the bigraded Toda hierarchy which is a differential-discrete integrable system.

  5. Drinfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota Equations and Generalized Bi-Hamiltonian Structures%Drinfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota方程族及其广义双Hamiltonian结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨本朝; 耿献国

    2011-01-01

    A hierarchy of nonlinear evolution equations was derived from a matrix spectral problem with two potentials, in which a typical member was the Drinfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota equation . It was shown that the hierarchy of nonlinear evolution equations possessed the generalized bi-Hamiltonian structures and was completely integrable in the Liuovlle sense.%基于带有两个位势的4×4矩阵谱问题,导出一族非线性演化方程,其中一个典型成员是Drirfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota方程.进而证明了这族方程具有广义双Hamiltonian结构并且在Liuovlle意义下是完全可积的.

  6. Tarmo Põkka päästab majanduse! / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Tarmo Põkka on seisukohal, et kui iga eestlane hakkaks iga nädal tarbima 100 krooni võrra rohkem, kasvaks Eesti majandus 5%. Tema projektist 2010.ee, millega kogutud raha kavatseb ta panustada Eesti majanduse elavdamiseks raha uuesti ringlusse paiskamisega

  7. Tarmo Piirmets : "Idealism aitab teostada suuri ideid" / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2004-01-01

    Tarmo Piirmets (sünd. 1974) magistriõppest Hollandis, töötamisest asjade nimel, millesse usud, sisearhitektuuri erialst, kliendi võimalustest, huvitavatest ruumidest. T. Piirmetsast, omistatud preemiad, tehtud tööde loetelu. Ill.: T. Piirmetsa värv. portree

  8. Eramu eluruum / Ivi-Els Schneider, Tarmo Luisk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schneider, Ivi-Els, 1945-

    2007-01-01

    välisvaade, 8 sisevaadet; väliskujunduses seinel kasutatud vabakujulist kvartsiitkivi on kasutatud ka interjööris, korpusmööbel on valmistatud eritööna ja viimistletud naturaalse tammevineeriga; rippvalgustid on Tarmo Luisu kujundatud

  9. Tarmo Piirmets : "Idealism aitab teostada suuri ideid" / Gitte Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Gitte

    2004-01-01

    Tarmo Piirmets (sünd. 1974) magistriõppest Hollandis, töötamisest asjade nimel, millesse usud, sisearhitektuuri erialst, kliendi võimalustest, huvitavatest ruumidest. T. Piirmetsast, omistatud preemiad, tehtud tööde loetelu. Ill.: T. Piirmetsa värv. portree

  10. Tarmo Põkka päästab majanduse! / Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sander, Maris

    2010-01-01

    Tarmo Põkka on seisukohal, et kui iga eestlane hakkaks iga nädal tarbima 100 krooni võrra rohkem, kasvaks Eesti majandus 5%. Tema projektist 2010.ee, millega kogutud raha kavatseb ta panustada Eesti majanduse elavdamiseks raha uuesti ringlusse paiskamisega

  11. Conjecture of Alexander and Orbach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudra, Jayanta; Doiron, Curtis

    2009-03-01

    The dynamical properties of fractal networks have received wide range of attention. Works on this area by several pioneering authors^1-2 have led to the introduction of the spectral dimension that dictates the dynamic properties on a fractal lattice. Most of the studies involving spectral dimension have been performed on a type of fractal lattice known as percolation network. Alexander and Orbach^2 conjectured that the spectral dimension might be exactly 4/3 for percolation networks with Euclidean dimension de >= 2. Recent numerical simulations, however, could not decisively prove or disprove this conjecture, although there are other indirect evidences that it is true. We apply a stochastic approach^3 to determine the spectral dimension of percolation network for de >= 2 and check the validity of the Alexander-Orbach conjecture. Our preliminary results on 2- and 3-dimensional percolation networks indeed show that Alexander-Orbach conjecture is true, resolving a long-standing debate. References: 1. P. G. deGennes, La Recherche 7 (1976) 919. 2. S. Alexander and R. Orbach, J. Phys. Lett. (Paris) 43 (1982) L625. 3. J. Rudra and J. Kozak, Phys. Lett A 151 (1990) 429.

  12. Symmetry analysis and conservation laws of the Drinfeld-Sokolov-Wilson system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhonglong; Zhang, Yufeng; Han, Zhong

    2014-07-01

    In this paper, Lie symmetry analysis is performed on the Drinfeld-Sokolov-Wilson system. We get the corresponding Lie algebra and similarity reductions of the system. In addition, we utilize Noether's approach and the new conservation theorem deriving the conservation laws of this system.

  13. BIFURCATIONS OF TRAVELLING WAVE SOLUTIONS FOR GENERALIZED DRINFELD-SOKOLOV EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LONG Yao; RUI Wei-guo; HE Bin; CHEN Can

    2006-01-01

    Ansatz method and the theory of dynamical systems are used to study the traveling wave solutions for the generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov equations. Under two groups .of the parametric conditions, more solitary wave solutions, kink and anti-kink wave solutions and periodic wave solutions are obtained. Exact explicit parametric representations of these travelling wave solutions are given.

  14. Block (or Hamiltonian) Lie Symmetry of Dispersionless D-Type Drinfeld-Sokolov Hierarchy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chuan-Zhong; He, Jing-Song; Su, Yu-Cai

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, the dispersionless D-type Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy, i.e. a reduction of the dispersionless two-component BKP hierarchy, is studied. The additional symmetry flows of this hierarchy are presented. These flows form an infinite-dimensional Lie algebra of Block type as well as a Lie algebra of Hamiltonian type.

  15. Differential invariants for Hirota-Ramani equation and Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Wei; Li, Wenting; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Hongqing

    2013-04-01

    In this paper, the differential invariants of Lie symmetry groups of Hirota-Ramani (HR) equation and Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson (DSW) system are obtained and their syzygies and recurrence relations are classified. The algorithms are based on the method of equivariant moving frames.

  16. Kunstnikud hindasid Eesti telekanalite uudistesaateid / Tarmo Luisk, Dan Mikkin, Katrin Kuldma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luisk, Tarmo, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Disainer Tarmo Luisk, graafik Dan Mikkin ja moekunstnik Katrin Kuldma hindasid Eesti telekanalite uudistesaateid "Aktuaalne kaamera" (ETV), "Reporter" (Kanal 2) ja "Seitsmesed uudised"(TV 3) esteetilisest vaatepunktist

  17. Classical -Algebras and Generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov Hierarchies for Minimal and Short Nilpotents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sole, Alberto De; Kac, Victor G.; Valeri, Daniele

    2014-10-01

    We derive explicit formulas for λ-brackets of the affine classical -algebras attached to the minimal and short nilpotent elements of any simple Lie algebra . This is used to compute explicitly the first non-trivial PDE of the corresponding integrable generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchies. It turns out that a reduction of the equation corresponding to a short nilpotent is Svinolupov's equation attached to a simple Jordan algebra, while a reduction of the equation corresponding to a minimal nilpotent is an integrable Hamiltonian equation on 2 h ˇ-3 functions, where h ˇ is the dual Coxeter number of . In the case when is both these equations coincide with the KdV equation. In the case when is not of type , we associate to the minimal nilpotent element of yet another generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov hierarchy.

  18. The Drinfeld-Sokolov holomorphic bundle and classical W algebras on Riemann surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Zucchini, R

    1994-01-01

    Developing upon the ideas of ref. \\ref{6}, it is shown how the theory of classical W algebras can be formulated on a higher genus Riemann surface in the spirit of Krichever and Novikov. The basic geometric object is the Drinfeld-Sokolov principal bundle L associated to a simple complex Lie group G equipped with an $SL(2,\\Bbb C)$ subgroup S, whose properties are studied in detail. On a multipunctured Riemann surface, the Drinfeld-Sokolov-Krichever-Novikov spaces are defined, as a generalization of the customary Krichever-Novikov spaces, their properties are analyzed and standard bases are written down. Finally, a WZWN chiral phase space based on the principal bundle L with a KM type Poisson structure is introduced and, by the usual procedure of imposing first class constraints and gauge fixing, a classical W algebra is produced. The compatibility of the construction with the global geometric data is highlighted.

  19. Topological features of the Sokolov integrable case on the Lie algebra so(3,1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Novikov, D V [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2014-08-31

    The integrable Sokolov case on so(3,1){sup ⋆} is investigated. This is a Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom, in which the Hamiltonian and the additional integral are homogeneous polynomials of degrees 2 and 4, respectively. It is an interesting feature of this system that connected components of common level surfaces of the Hamiltonian and the additional integral turn out to be noncompact. The critical points of the moment map and their indices are found, the bifurcation diagram is constructed, and the topology of noncompact level surfaces is determined, that is, the closures of solutions of the Sokolov system on so(3,1) are described. Bibliography: 24 titles.

  20. Representations of Knot Groups and Twisted Alexander Polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Song LIN

    2001-01-01

    We present a twisted version of the Alexander polynomial associated with a matrix representation of the knot group. Examples of two knots with the same Alexander module but differenttwisted Alexander polynomials are given.

  1. Alexander disease : Diagnosis with MR imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Knaap, MS; Naidu, S; Breiter, SN; Blaser, S; Stroink, H; Spinger, S; Begeer, JC; van Coster, R; Barth, PG; Thomas, NH; Powers, JM; Valk, J.

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To date, the demonstration of Rosenthal fibers on brain biopsy or autopsy specimens is considered a prerequisite for a definitive diagnosis of Alexander disease. We initiated a multiinstitutional survey of MR abnormalities in both presumed and confirmed cases of Alexander dis

  2. Robert Alexander and His Passionate Philosophy (Profile).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosseau, Remi Barclay

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the passionate philosophy of Robert Alexander, founder and director of living stage theater company and his views of art, creativity, the entire process of learning, politics, philosophy, and hope. Presents several excerpts from Alexander's presentations for artists and teachers during Living Stage residencies in cities around the…

  3. Dancers' Application of the Alexander Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortin, Sylvie; Girard, Fernande

    2005-01-01

    This qualitative study describes the experience of professional contemporary dancers studying and applying the Alexander Technique to their dancing. This study was motivated by: 1. years of teaching both dance and somatics, 2. a strong desire to better understand how the Alexander Technique can be applied by dancers, and 3. a gap that the…

  4. Nilpotent action on the KdV variables and 2-dimensional Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction

    CERN Document Server

    Enriquez, B

    1994-01-01

    We note that a version ``with spectral parameter'' of the Drinfeld-Sokolov reduction gives a natural mapping from the KdV phase space to the group of loops with values in $\\widehat N_{+}/A, \\widehat N_{+}$~: affine nilpotent and $A$ principal commutative (or anisotropic Cartan) subgroup~; this mapping is connected to the conserved densities of the hierarchy. We compute the Feigin-Frenkel action of $\\widehat n_{+}$ (defined in terms of screening operators) on the conserved densities, in the $sl_2$ case.

  5. W-algebras and the equivalence of bihamiltonian, Drinfeld-Sokolov and Dirac reductions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinar, Yassir Ibrahim

    2014-10-01

    We prove that the classical W-algebra associated to a nilpotent orbit in a simple Lie-algebra can be constructed by preforming bihamiltonian, Drinfeld-Sokolov or Dirac reductions. We conclude that the classical W-algebra depends only on the nilpotent orbit but not on the choice of a good grading or an isotropic subspace. In addition, using this result we prove again that the transverse Poisson structure to a nilpotent orbit is polynomial and we better clarify the relation between classical and finite W-algebras.

  6. Classical -Algebras and Generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov Bi-Hamiltonian Systems Within the Theory of Poisson Vertex Algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Sole, Alberto; Kac, Victor G.; Valeri, Daniele

    2013-10-01

    We describe of the generalized Drinfeld-Sokolov Hamiltonian reduction for the construction of classical -algebras within the framework of Poisson vertex algebras. In this context, the gauge group action on the phase space is translated in terms of (the exponential of) a Lie conformal algebra action on the space of functions. Following the ideas of Drinfeld and Sokolov, we then establish under certain sufficient conditions the applicability of the Lenard-Magri scheme of integrability and the existence of the corresponding integrable hierarchy of bi-Hamiltonian equations.

  7. Eesti Post surus tööle ennistatud tegevjuhi urkasse / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Post keelas kohtu otsusega tööle ennistatud Tartu peapostkontori tegevjuhil Jaan Ojastel siseneda oma endisele töökohale peapostkontorisse. Olukorda kirjeldavad tegevjuhid Jaan Ojaste ja Tarmo Kirotar ning Eesti Posti juhatuse esimees Peeter Raudsepp

  8. Maarjamäe tallihoone äratamine = Waking of the Maarjamäe stables / Jaak Huimerind, Tarmo Piirmets ; intervjueerinud Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huimerind, Jaak, 1957-

    2015-01-01

    Intervjuu arhitekt Jaak Huimerinnaga ja sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmetsaga Maarjamäe suvemõisa tallihoone restaureerimisest, millest sai Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi näitusteruum. Arhitektuur: Jaak Huimerind, Kadri Viltrop, Stuudio Paralleel. Sisearhitektuur: Tarmo Piirmets, PINK. Valmimisaasta: 2014

  9. Nonlinear Wave Solutions for the Classical Drinfel′d?Sokolov?Wilson Equation%经典的Drinfel′d?Sokolov?Wilson方程的非线性波解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温振庶

    2016-01-01

    利用(G′/G)?展开法,构造经典的 Drinfel′d?Sokolov?Wilson方程的新的非线性波解。这些非线性波解分别以双曲函数、三角函数和分式函数的形式表达。结果表明:(G′/G)?展开法是研究数学物理方程的非线性波解的一种有效工具。%We constructed new nonlinear wave solutions for the classical Drinfel′d?Sokolov?Wilson Equation by exploiting (G′/G)?expansion method.These nonlinear wave solutions are expressed in the forms of the hy-perbolic functions,the trigonometric functions and the rational functions.The results show that (G′/G)?ex-pansion method is an efficient tool for studying nonlinear wave solutions of mathematical physics equations.

  10. Tarmo: A Framework for Parallelized Bounded Model Checking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siert Wieringa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates approaches to parallelizing Bounded Model Checking (BMC for shared memory environments as well as for clusters of workstations. We present a generic framework for parallelized BMC named Tarmo. Our framework can be used with any incremental SAT encoding for BMC but for the results in this paper we use only the current state-of-the-art encoding for full PLTL. Using this encoding allows us to check both safety and liveness properties, contrary to an earlier work on distributing BMC that is limited to safety properties only. Despite our focus on BMC after it has been translated to SAT, existing distributed SAT solvers are not well suited for our application. This is because solving a BMC problem is not solving a set of independent SAT instances but rather involves solving multiple related SAT instances, encoded incrementally, where the satisfiability of each instance corresponds to the existence of a counterexample of a specific length. Our framework includes a generic architecture for a shared clause database that allows easy clause sharing between SAT solver threads solving various such instances. We present extensive experimental results obtained with multiple variants of our Tarmo implementation. Our shared memory variants have a significantly better performance than conventional single threaded approaches, which is a result that many users can benefit from as multi-core and multi-processor technology is widely available. Furthermore we demonstrate that our framework can be deployed in a typical cluster of workstations, where several multi-core machines are connected by a network.

  11. Ida-Viru keskhaigla juht Tarmo Bakler: "Raha on piisavalt siis, kui noor arst tahab töötada Ida-Virumaal" / Tarmo Bakler ; interv. Erik Kalda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bakler, Tarmo, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Subbota 4. veebr. lk. 5. Ida-Viru keskhaigla juhatuse esimees haigla personalist, palkadest ja tulevikuplaanidest. Lisa: Tarmo Bakler CV. Arvamust avaldavad Ida-Viru keskhaigla nõukogu liige Urmas Siigur ja Sihtasutuse Kohtla-Järve Tööstusala Arendus juhataja Jüri Moor

  12. The exact solutions of the Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equations by using trial function method%利用试探函数法求Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson方程组的精确解

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵云梅

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, by introducing a new transformation and selecting accurate trial function from four kinds different trial function, some new explicit exact solutions of the Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equations are obtained, which include the general form of exponential function solutions, singular travelling wave solutions and solitary wave solutions. This method can be applied to other nonlinear partial differential equations.%利用4个不同的试探函数,通过引入变换和选择准确的试探函数,求出了Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson方程组的新显式精确解,其中包括一般形式的指数函数解、奇异行波解和孤波解.此方法可用于求其他非线性偏微分方程组的精确解.

  13. Alexander Putman | Center for Cancer Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander Putman, PhD December 6 Pharmacologist Division of Hematology Oncology Toxicology Office of New Drugs Center for Drug Evaluation and Research U.S. Food and Drug Administration Topic: “Role of a pharmacology/toxicology reviewer at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration”

  14. The Alexander Archipelago wolf: a conservation assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    David K. Person; Matthew Kirchhoff; Victor van Ballenberghe; George C. Iverson; Edward. Grossman

    1996-01-01

    We summarized the scientific information available for the Alexander Archipelago wolf (Canis lupus ligoni) in the Tongass National Forest of southeast Alaska. Information concerning the morphology, distribution, taxonomy, genetics, and ecology of wolves are presented. Three issues for the conservation of wolves in southeast Alaska are discussed:...

  15. THE DEATH OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT 1. INTRODUCTION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of Alexander will depend on the value we attach to the various ancient sources. Modern ... It is pro- bable that his death lead to growing animosity between Alexander and .... Alexander was of less than average stature, well built, very fair with.

  16. Abundant families of new traveling wave solutions for the coupled Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yao Yuqin [School of Information Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Taiwan 271019 (China)]. E-mail: yyqin_78@163.com

    2005-04-01

    The generalized Jacobi elliptic function method is further improved by introducing an elliptic function {phi}({xi}) as a new independent variable and it is easy to calculate the over-determined equations. Abundant new traveling wave solutions of the coupled Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation are obtained. The solutions obtained include the kink-shaped solutions, bell-shaped solutions, singular solutions and periodic solutions.

  17. Tarmo: A Framework for Parallelized Bounded Model Checking

    CERN Document Server

    Wieringa, Siert; Heljanko, Keijo; 10.4204/EPTCS.14.5

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates approaches to parallelizing Bounded Model Checking (BMC) for shared memory environments as well as for clusters of workstations. We present a generic framework for parallelized BMC named Tarmo. Our framework can be used with any incremental SAT encoding for BMC but for the results in this paper we use only the current state-of-the-art encoding for full PLTL. Using this encoding allows us to check both safety and liveness properties, contrary to an earlier work on distributing BMC that is limited to safety properties only. Despite our focus on BMC after it has been translated to SAT, existing distributed SAT solvers are not well suited for our application. This is because solving a BMC problem is not solving a set of independent SAT instances but rather involves solving multiple related SAT instances, encoded incrementally, where the satisfiability of each instance corresponds to the existence of a counterexample of a specific length. Our framework includes a generic architecture for a ...

  18. Extrinsic hermitian geometry of functional determinants for vector subbundles and the Drinfeld-Sokolov ghost system

    CERN Document Server

    Zucchini, R

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, a novel method is presented for the study of the dependence of the functional determinant of the Laplace operator associated to a subbundle F of a hermitian holomorphic vector bundle E over a Riemann surface \\Sigma on the hermitian structure (h,H) of E. The generalized Weyl anomaly of the effective action is computed and found to be expressible in terms of a suitable generalization of the Liouville and Donaldson actions. The general techniques worked out are then applied to the study of a specific model, the Drinfeld--Sokolov (DS) ghost system arising in W--gravity. The expression of generalized Weyl anomaly of the DS ghost effective action is found. It is shown that, by a specific choice of the fiber metric H_h depending on the base metric h, the effective action reduces into that of a conformal field theory. Its central charge is computed and found to agree with that obtained by the methods of hamiltonian reduction and conformal field theory. The DS holomorphic gauge group and the DS moduli s...

  19. Küsimused, millele maailm vastust ootab / Gunnar Press, Tarmo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Press, Gunnar, 1957-

    2004-01-01

    Märtsi lõpus süüdatud 28. olümpiamängude tuli jõuab täna õhtul Ateena staadionile.Vt. samas ka Tarmo Paju "Olümpia on televaatajatele" Lisaks: Osalejate, riikide ja spordialade arv 1896. aastast tänapäevani

  20. Vanakaamera fotograafide tegus nädalavahetus Hollandis / Kaisa Keizars, Tarmo Virves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keizars, Kaisa

    2013-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline üritus European Collodion Weekend 4.-5. maini Hollandis Veldhovenis, kus vanakaameraid kasutavad fotograafid valmistasid märgplaadi tehnikas ambrotüüpe ja ferrotüüpe. Eestlastest osalesid Tarmo Virves, Kaisa Keizars, Käty Tarkpea, Andres Palm

  1. "Riik malelaual" = "Country on a Chessboard" / Tarmo Piirmets ; kommenteerinud Laura Kipper

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirmets, Tarmo, 1974-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi näitus "Riik malelaual. Saksa okupatsioon Eestis 1941-1944" Maarjamäe suvemõisa tallihoones, kuraator Olev Liivik. 19. sajandist pärit tallihoone renoveerimisest. Autor Tarmo Piirmets (Pink); arhitektid Jaak Huimerind, AB Studio Paralleel

  2. Kuidas suhtute õppimist toetavasse hindamisse? / Ulvi Vilumets, Carmen Luts, Tarmo Valgepea ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Küsimusele vastasid Kohtla-Järve Järve Vene Gümnaasiumi eesti keele õpetaja Ulvi Vilumets, Tartu Veeriku Kooli õppealajuhataja Carmen Luts, Mäetaguse Kooli direktor Tarmo Valgepea, Konguta Kooli juhataja Liina Tamm, Unipiha Kooli juhataja Eha Jakobson

  3. Vanakaamera fotograafide tegus nädalavahetus Hollandis / Kaisa Keizars, Tarmo Virves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keizars, Kaisa

    2013-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline üritus European Collodion Weekend 4.-5. maini Hollandis Veldhovenis, kus vanakaameraid kasutavad fotograafid valmistasid märgplaadi tehnikas ambrotüüpe ja ferrotüüpe. Eestlastest osalesid Tarmo Virves, Kaisa Keizars, Käty Tarkpea, Andres Palm

  4. Ületades piire = Crossing the Bordes / Anders Härm, Tarmo Maiste ; interv. Andres Kurg, Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Intervjuu Veneetsia 7. arhitektuuribiennaali Eesti ekspositsiooni "Simulacrum City" autorite Anders Härmi ja Tarmo Maistega. Eesti väljapanekust (arhitektuurifotod - Arne Maasik; filmi, stsenaarium ja kontseptsioon - Andres Maimik, Jaak Kilmi, muusika - Taavi Laatsit), biennaalist. 13 ill

  5. Ületades piire = Crossing the Bordes / Anders Härm, Tarmo Maiste ; interv. Andres Kurg, Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Härm, Anders, 1977-

    2000-01-01

    Intervjuu Veneetsia 7. arhitektuuribiennaali Eesti ekspositsiooni "Simulacrum City" autorite Anders Härmi ja Tarmo Maistega. Eesti väljapanekust (arhitektuurifotod - Arne Maasik; filmi, stsenaarium ja kontseptsioon - Andres Maimik, Jaak Kilmi, muusika - Taavi Laatsit), biennaalist. 13 ill

  6. Kahe näoga maja / Mark Soosaar, Leele Välja, Tarmo Teedumäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2014-01-01

    Tervisekeskus ja hotell "Hedon" Pärnu ajaloolises mudaravilahoones ja selle juurdeehituses. Arhitektuur: Inga Raukas, Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman (arhitektuuriagentuur Allianss Arhitektid). Sisearhitektuur: Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla (Vaikla Stuudio). Valmimisaasta: 2014

  7. Restoran Noa Miidurannas = Noa Restaurant in the Miiduranna area of Tallinn / Peeter Loo, Jan Skolimowski, Kaspar Kruuse, Tarmo Piirmets ; kommenteerinud Raivo Kotov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Noa restoran Miidurannas Ranna tee 3, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Peeter Loo, Jan Skolimowski, Kaspar Kruuse (Kamp Arhitektid), sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali arhitektuuripreemia 2014

  8. Restoran Noa Miidurannas = Noa Restaurant in the Miiduranna area of Tallinn / Peeter Loo, Jan Skolimowski, Kaspar Kruuse, Tarmo Piirmets ; kommenteerinud Raivo Kotov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Noa restoran Miidurannas Ranna tee 3, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Peeter Loo, Jan Skolimowski, Kaspar Kruuse (Kamp Arhitektid), sisearhitekt Tarmo Piirmets (Pink). Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali arhitektuuripreemia 2014

  9. "Most brilliant in judgment": Alexander the Great and Aristotle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lainas, Panagiotis; Panutsopulos, Dimitrios; Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Zoras, Odysseas; Skandalakis, John E

    2005-03-01

    From historical sources, it is evident that Alexander the Great was indebted to one of his teachers, Aristotle of Stagira. It was the teaching of Aristotle that evoked all the nascent talents of young Alexander and turned him into a great man. Alexander was extremely interested in the secrets of medicine and considered it an art. The medical knowledge he acquired from Aristotle may have saved his life and the lives of his troops on many occasions. If Alexander did not possess medical knowledge and if his everyday life had not been so greatly influenced by medicine, he might never have been able to create his empire.

  10. An Improved F-Expansion Method and Its Application to Coupled Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Xue-Qin; ZHI Hong-Yan

    2008-01-01

    With the aid of computerized symbolic computation, an improved F-expansion method is presented to uniformly construct more new exact doubly periodic solutions in terms of rational formal Jacobi elliptic function of nonlinear partial differential equations (NPDEs). The coupled Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation is chosen to illustrate the method. As a result, we can successfully obtain abundant new doubly periodic solutions without calculating various Jacobi elliptic functions. In the limit cases, the rational solitary wave solutions and trigonometric function solutions are obtained as well.

  11. Topological analysis corresponding to the Borisov-Mamaev-Sokolov integrable system on the Lie algebra so(4)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarzadeh, Rasoul

    2016-01-01

    In 2001, A. V. Borisov, I. S. Mamaev, and V. V. Sokolov discovered a new integrable case on the Lie algebra so(4). This is a Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom, where both the Hamiltonian and the additional integral are homogenous polynomials of degrees 2 and 4, respectively. In this paper, the topology of isoenergy surfaces for the integrable case under consideration on the Lie algebra so(4) and the critical points of the Hamiltonian under consideration for different values of parameters are described and the bifurcation values of the Hamiltonian are constructed. Also, a description of bifurcation complexes and typical forms of the bifurcation diagram of the system are presented.

  12. Research results of geotechnical properties of soils at the Podkrušnohorská výsypka dump in Sokolov brown coal field

    OpenAIRE

    Milan MIKOLÁŠ; Štrejbar, Martin; Stavinoha, Josef; Čermák, Ondřej

    2013-01-01

    Open pit brown coal mining in the Sokolov coal field has been suffering with the lack of a space for overburden rocks dumping from its very beginning. The Podkrušnohorská výsypka dump is situated in a geomorphologically highly broken landscape at the Krušné Hory Mountains foot and northern part of Sokolov Basin divide. Dump rock consists of tuffaceous clays vith minimal specific resistance values QST = 0.5 - 1.0 MPa and cypric clays with minimal specific resistance values QST =...

  13. Twisted Alexander polynomials of hyperbolic knots

    CERN Document Server

    Dunfield, Nathan M; Jackson, Nicholas

    2011-01-01

    We study a twisted Alexander polynomial naturally associated to a hyperbolic knot in an integer homology 3-sphere via a lift of the holonomy representation to SL(2, C). It is an unambiguous symmetric Laurent polynomial whose coefficients lie in the trace field of the knot. It contains information about genus, fibering, and chirality, and moreover is powerful enough to sometimes detect mutation. We calculated this invariant numerically for all 313,209 hyperbolic knots in S^3 with at most 15 crossings, and found that in all cases it gave a sharp bound on the genus of the knot and determined both fibering and chirality. We also study how such twisted Alexander polynomials vary as one moves around in an irreducible component X_0 of the SL(2, C)-character variety of the knot group. We show how to understand all of these polynomials at once in terms of a polynomial whose coefficients lie in the function field of X_0. We use this to help explain some of the patterns observed for knots in S^3, and explore a potential...

  14. Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliya-Katarina Südfels

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Im Juli des Jahres 1841 kommt es zu einem Treffen zwischen zwei Männern, das zunächst belanglos erscheint, sich aber Jahre später als wichtige historische Begebenheit herausstellen wird. In seinem Pariser Büro empfängt der 71jährige Naturforscher Alexander von Humboldt den jungen Preußen Ludwig Leichhardt. Der angehende Naturwissenschaftler erhofft sich Zuspruch und Empfehlung des berühmten Alexander von Humboldts. Die Unterredung ist kurz und verläuft für Leichhardt ergebnislos. Es wird das einzige Treffen der beiden Naturwissenschaftler bleiben. Aus heutiger Sicht unverständlich, da Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt mehr verband, als ihre Leidenschaft für die Naturwissenschaften. Viel zu wenig ist sich bis jetzt den biographischen Analogien und den vergleichbaren geographischen Leistungen der beiden Preußen gewidmet worden. Abstract During July 1841 a meeting between two men takes place, which seems to have been extraneous, but turns out to be a significant historical incident. 71 year old natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt welcomes young Ludwig Leichhardt from Prussia in his office in Paris. The prospective young scientist expects help and references from famous Alexander von Humboldt. The conversation is short and ends from Leichhardt’s point of view without results. Unfortunately this is going to be the only meeting between the two scientists even though the two Prussians have more in common than their passion for the natural sciences. Way too seldomly have biographical analogy and geographical productivity of the two men been compared. Résumé En juillet 1841 une rencontre entre deux hommes a lieu, qui au premier abord semble sans importance, mais qui des années plus tard est considéré comme un événement historique majeur. Dans son bureau parisien, le naturaliste Alexandre de Humboldt, alors âgé de 71 ans, reçoit le jeune Prussien Ludwig Leichhardt. Le jeune scientifique en devenir

  15. the army of alexander the great and combat stress syndrome

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    zone), is influenced by the following factors: the degree of combat trauma ... The success of Alexander's ... Alexander's driving passion was to reach the “end of the world”, the coast of the Eastern .... Was a key component of Alex- ander's army ...

  16. A Study of Combined Arms Warfare by Alexander the Great.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Alexander’s mother Olympias. She had previously been set aside by Philip 19 for a new queen, Cleopatra . Olympias, acting without Alexander’s knowledge...had Cleopatra and her infant daughter put to death and eliminated any further legal claims to the throne (Warry 71). Upon his succession to the

  17. The Greek Phyllada and the Old Serbian Alexander Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Usakiewicz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Greek Phyllada and the Old Serbian Alexander Romance The texts presents chosen fragments of the Greek "Phyllada", or the story about Alexander the Great, and its Polish translation, with an introduction commenting the relation between the Greek and Serbian version of Alexader's gesta.

  18. Il personaggio scontornato in Škola dlja Durakov. Dal romanzo di Saša Sokolov agli adattamenti teatrali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Marchesini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Sokolov’s Shkola dlya Durakov (A School for Fools, 1976 is an extremely complex novel, which “depicts [the] world”, as D. Barton Johnson (1986:640[1] poignantly observes, “through the eyes, and pure, if eccentric, language, of a schizophrenic youth”. How is it possible to translate such linguistic features and the effects they create into another medium? This question lies at the core of my proposal, which aims to approach the problem of intermedial translation from prose to theatre through the presentation of an individual case-study. In fact, A School for Fools has been staged by the director Andrey Moguchy (Formalny Theatre, Saint Petersburg, Russia. With the intention of reproducing Sokolov’s aesthetic construction of illusion, Moguchy introduces a new genre in the theatrical context, the so-called “vizualnaya associaciya” (“visual association”. As the director explained in a recent interview, this original genre recalls the Impressionists’ position in observing and representing nature, in order to obtain the same effect generated by the reading of the novel. To comprehend this process better, special attention is devoted to the construction of unusual, hybrid characters, highlighting their constitutive features both in the novel and in the theatrical adaptation. Moreover, this research seeks to enrich discussion of the work of Sokolov and Moguchy. [1] Johnson, D. Barton (1986 “Sasha Sokolov's Twilight Cosmos: Themes and Motifs”, in: Slavic Review, 45, 4 (Winter 1986, pp. 639-649.

  19. Kunstihuviline tuleb juba praegu Tallinna Notke "Surmatantsu" vaatama / Tarmo Saaret ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaret, Tarmo

    2009-01-01

    Muuseumi juhataja Tarmo Saaret 25 aastat kirikukunsti muuseumina tegutsenud Niguliste Muuseumi tegevusest, kunstikogust, püsiekspositsioonist, Bernt Notke "Surmatantsust", Bernt Notke 500. surma-aastapäeva üritustest: Anu Männi kureeritud näitus "Bernt Notke - uuenduste ja traditsioonide vahel", rahvusvaheline konverents "Kunst, mälu ja patronaaž: Läänemere ruumi visuaalkultuur Bernt Notke ajal". 1. novembril ja 6. detsembril avatakse Hermen Rode loodud Niguliste endine peaaltar publikule

  20. Eigenvalue conjecture and colored Alexander polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Mironov, A

    2016-01-01

    We connect two important conjectures in the theory of knot polynomials. The first one is the property Al_R(q) = Al_{[1]}(q^{|R|}) for all single hook Young diagrams R, which is known to hold for all knots. The second conjecture claims that all the mixing matrices U_{i} in the relation {\\cal R}_i = U_i{\\cal R}_1U_i^{-1} between the i-th and the first generators {\\cal R}_i of the braid group are universally expressible through the eigenvalues of {\\cal R}_1. Since the above property of Alexander polynomials is very well tested, this relation provides a new support to the eigenvalue conjecture, especially for i>2, when its direct check by evaluation of the Racah matrices and their convolutions is technically difficult.

  1. Alexander von Humboldt in Daniel Kehlmanns Welt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Wie stark sich im Verlauf des zurückliegenden Vierteljahrhunderts der Bekanntheitsgrad Alexander von Humboldts in der deutschsprachigen Öffentlichkeit verändert hat, zeigen nicht nur Fernsehumfragen zu den berühmtesten Deutschen, in denen Alexander von Humboldt mittlerweile figuriert, oder Fernsehserien, die über aktuelle Expeditionen berichten und auf Humboldts Namen zurückgreifen. Am deutlichsten vielleicht belegt dies der enorme Erfolg von Daniel Kehlmanns Roman Die Vermessung der Welt, der ohne die zuvor skizzierte Entwicklung nicht denkbar gewesen wäre. Es ist vor diesem Hintergrund nicht nur reizvoll, sondern aufschlußreich, sich mit dem großen Erfolg dieses kleinen Romans zu beschäftigen. Worum geht es in Die Vermessung der Welt? Und wie läßt sich das „Phänomen Kehlmann“ aus etwas größerer Distanz erklären? Abstract In the last 25 years, Alexander von Humboldt‘s popularity has radically changed in the german-speaking public opinion. Proof of this are not only television surveys about the most famous germans - in which Alexander von Humboldt now regularly figures - or television series about contemporary expeditions, which constantly refer to Humboldt‘s name; perhaps what most clearly verifies this change is the great success of Daniel Kehlmann‘s novel Die Vermessung der Welt. Without the recent developments outlined above, this novel‘s degree of impact would have been unimaginable. To study the great success of this text against this backdrop is not only attractive, but also revealing. What is Die Vermessung der Welt really about? And how can we explain the „Kehlmann phenomenon“ from a greater distance? Resumen La popularidad de Alejandro de Humboldt ha cambiado profundamente dentro del último cuarto de siglo en la opinión pública de habla alemana. Prueba de esto son no sólo las encuestas televisivas sobre los alemanes más famosos, dentro de las cuales figura en estos momentos Alejandro

  2. Leni Alexander Pollack (1924-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Bustos Valderrama

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de Leni Alexander Pollack, considerada la compositora nacional más importante del siglo XX, expande y profundiza nuestro conocimiento del aporte de la mujer a la creación musical chilena. En el presente trabajo las entrevistas personales fueron no sólo la fuente primaria para obtener los antecedentes biográficos iniciales, sino también una oportunidad para discutir y aclarar asuntos de estética, tendencias y estilo. Sobre estas bases se analizan tres obras específicas, consideradas como demarcatorias de la evolución de sus recursos creativos. El catálogo de sus obras es una muestra vívida de la gran versatilidad de la compositora en el libre uso de los parámetros musicales, como elementos básicos generadores de toda una obra y, a la vez, en las sugerencias que hace a los instrumentistas- intérpretes o a los actores de su hörspiel o "teatro para escuchar". En suma, sus composiciones y escritos académicos, a los que se agrega la difusión radial comentada de la música contemporánea en Chile y en el extranjero, confirman su calidad de representante itinerante y portavoz de la vanguardia musical del siglo XXLeni Alexander Pollack, has been considered the most important national female composer of the 20th century. The study of her musical composition has contributed to further our knowledge of women's contributions to musical creation in Chile. For the present paper, personal interviews were not only a primary source for the initial biographical information, but also an opportunity to discuss with the composer topics related to aesthetics, tendencies and style. Upon these bases, three specific works are analyzed, which are considered turning points in the evolution of her creative resources. The catalog of her work is a vivid demonstration of her versatility in the free use of musical parameters, which can be seen as basic element in the generation of complete works, as well as in the suggestions she offers to the

  3. The topology of Liouville foliation for the Borisov-Mamaev-Sokolov integrable case on the Lie algebra so(4)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbarzadeh, Rasoul; Haghighatdoost, Ghorbanali

    2015-05-01

    In 2001, A.V. Borisov, I. S.Mamaev, and V.V. Sokolov discovered a new integrable case on the Lie algebra so(4). This system coincides with the Poincaré equations on the Lie algebra so(4), which describe the motion of a body with cavities filled with an incompressible vortex fluid. Moreover, the Poincaré equations describe the motion of a four-dimensional gyroscope. In this paper topological properties of this system are studied. In particular, for the system under consideration the bifurcation diagrams of the momentum mapping are constructed and all Fomenko invariants are calculated. Thereby, a classification of isoenergy surfaces for this system up to the rough Liouville equivalence is obtained.

  4. Port Alexander, Alaska Tsunami Forecast Grids for MOST Model

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Port Alexander, Alaska Forecast Model Grids provides bathymetric data strictly for tsunami inundation modeling with the Method of Splitting Tsunami (MOST) model....

  5. Conversations in History: Arrian and Herodotus, Parmenio and Alexander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet D. Chaplin

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Arrian’s account of Parmenio’s warning to Alexander at Persepolis is meant not only to evoke Herodotus’ account of Croesus and Cyrus, but also to critique Herodotus’ notion of endless reciprocity in history.

  6. Spurensuche einer Rezeptionsgeschichte Alexander von Humboldt und Johann Gottfried Herder

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bernhard Hunger

    2009-01-01

    Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt's work displays traces of Johann Gottfried Herder which are as multifaceted as the references to the latter are scarce...

  7. A Complex-Network Perspective on Alexander's Wholeness

    CERN Document Server

    Jiang, Bin

    2016-01-01

    The wholeness, conceived and developed by Christopher Alexander, is what exists to some degree or other in space and matter, and can be described by precise mathematical language. However, it remains mysterious and hard to grasp. This paper develops a complex network perspective on the wholeness to better understand the nature of order or beauty, and apply it into sustainable design. I bring together a set of complexity-science subjects such as complex networks, fractal geometry, and in particular underlying scaling hierarchy derived by head/tail breaks, in order to make Alexander's profound thoughts more accessible to design practitioners and complexity-science researchers. Through several case studies (some of which Alexander studied), I demonstrate that the complex-network perspective helps reduce the mystery of wholeness and brings new insights to Alexander's thoughts on the concept of wholeness or objective beauty in fine structures. The complex-network perspective enables us to see things in their whole...

  8. Alexander disease with mild dorsal brainstem atrophy and infantile spasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torisu, Hiroyuki; Yoshikawa, Yoko; Yamaguchi-Takada, Yui; Yano, Tamami; Sanefuji, Masafumi; Ishizaki, Yoshito; Sawaishi, Yukio; Hara, Toshiro

    2013-05-01

    We present the case of a Japanese male infant with Alexander disease who developed infantile spasms at 8 months of age. The patient had a cluster of partial seizures at 4 months of age. He presented with mild general hypotonia and developmental delay. Macrocephaly was not observed. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings fulfilled all MRI-based criteria for the diagnosis of Alexander disease and revealed mild atrophy of the dorsal pons and medulla oblongata with abnormal intensities. DNA analysis disclosed a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.1154 C>T, p.S385F) in the glial fibrillary acidic protein gene. At 8 months of age, tonic spasms occurred, and electroencephalography (EEG) revealed hypsarrhythmia. Lamotrigine effectively controlled the infantile spasms and improved the abnormal EEG findings. Although most patients with infantile Alexander disease have epilepsy, infantile spasms are rare. This comorbid condition may be associated with the distribution of the brain lesions and the age at onset of Alexander disease.

  9. Alexander’s Return to Greece in the Alexander Romance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Garstad

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The ahistorical return to suppress a revolt may reflect the author’s misunderstanding of some statements in Plutarch’s De fort. Alex., as well as his desire to make Alexander the principal in every action.

  10. Alexander in the Tychaion: Ps.-Libanius on the Statues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig A. Gibson

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Of the statues in the precinct of Tyche in Alexandria, described by [Lib.] Ecphr. 25, the "founder" holding the token of the "Soter" is not Ptolemy I but Alexander in the guise of Zeus.

  11. Geschichte der Natur bei Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Helmreich

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and French.This article analyses the importance of an historical view of nature in the works of Alexander von Humboldt. In several of his first writings, Humboldt seems to outline the importance of what one may call history of nature. But even before his famous American travel, his position changed and he became reluctant to accept the seriousness of historical enquiry in the area of natural sciences: if we want to reconstruct the past state of nature, we cannot rely on empirical proofs; and history of nature is therefore necessarily based on uncertain hypotheses. Humboldt kept his sceptical attitude in the first decades of the 19th century, despite the positive results of the palaeontological researches of his scientific colleagues. However, he gradually convinced himself of the scientific interest of historical investigations in the natural sciences. The Cosmos paradoxally displays two apparently conflicting points of view: in his methodological remarks, Humboldt maintains that precise accounts of the past state of nature are out of reach of human knowledge, yet elsewhere in the same Cosmos he gives broad and rather vivid descriptions of the eventful history of nature.

  12. 'Mind in general' by Sir Alexander Crichton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berrios, G E

    2006-12-01

    The history of the 'philosophies of psychiatry' can be defined as the contextualized study of past theoretical views on the nature, understanding and management of madness and related notions. The application of an hermeneutic apparatus to past psychiatric narratives gives rise to the history of psychiatry; its application to current narrative gives origin to the philosophy of psychiatry. If the latter employs off-the-shelf, ready-made, external philosophies, it follows a centripetal approach; if it starts from the inside of psychiatry and generates its own tools and meta-language, it follows a centrifugal approach. Psychiatry is burdened by intrinsic and extrinsic philosophical problems. The former result from its hybrid nature, i.e., from the fact that psychiatry unsteadily straddles the natural and human sciences. The latter are borrowed from the conceptual frames into which psychiatry has been inscribed since the 19th century. The philosophy of psychiatry may anticipate or follow empirical research. The ante rem mode is based on the idea that empirical research requires conceptual supervision, audit and guidance, for it is always ideology- and theory-laden. The post rem mode is based on the view that science is the only way to 'truth' and hence all that the philosophy of psychiatry can (or should) do is facilitate, interpret, justify, defend or glorify empirical findings. The Classic Text that follows was written by Sir Alexander Crichton at the end of the 18th century, and is a good example of the centripetal mode of philosophy-making.

  13. Nord Stream on väljakutse kodanikuühiskonnale / Tarmo Soomere ; üles kirjutanud Juune Holvandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomere, Tarmo, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Gaasijuhe Nord Stream läbi Läänemere Venemaalt Saksamaale ei tähenda ainult kasulikku äritehingut. Küsimus on ennekõike ohutust keskkonnast ja sellest, et riigid peavad kaaluma ka seda, mida järeltulevad põlved asjast arvavad. Akadeemik Tarmo Soomere selgitab rahvusvahelistesse vetesse rajatava gaasijuhtme temaatikat.

  14. Nord Stream on väljakutse kodanikuühiskonnale / Tarmo Soomere ; üles kirjutanud Juune Holvandus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomere, Tarmo, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Gaasijuhe Nord Stream läbi Läänemere Venemaalt Saksamaale ei tähenda ainult kasulikku äritehingut. Küsimus on ennekõike ohutust keskkonnast ja sellest, et riigid peavad kaaluma ka seda, mida järeltulevad põlved asjast arvavad. Akadeemik Tarmo Soomere selgitab rahvusvahelistesse vetesse rajatava gaasijuhtme temaatikat.

  15. Obituary: Donald Alexander Macrae, 1916-2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaquist, E. R.

    2007-12-01

    With the passing of Donald Alexander MacRae on 6 December 2006 at age 90, the astronomy community lost a visionary scientist and a great educator in the field. Don MacRae was born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 19 February 1916, to Donald Alexander and Laura Geddes (Barnstead) MacRae. His father was originally a classics scholar and preceptor of Greek and Latin at Princeton, but at the time of Don's birth in 1916 he was Dean of the Dalhousie Law School in Halifax. The family moved to Toronto, Ontario, in 1924 when his father joined the faculty of Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto as a Professor of Law. After the family moved to Toronto, where he received most of his early education, he obtained his undergraduate degree in Mathematics and Physics in 1937 from the University of Toronto (U of T). He obtained the degree of A.M. in 1940 and of Ph.D. in 1943 from Harvard University under the mentorship of Bart Bok in the field of galactic structure. During his early career he worked briefly at the University of Pennsylvania, Cornell University, and Carbide and Chemical Corporation at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. For Don the latter work was a brief and somewhat uneasy association with the Manhattan Project. In 1946, he obtained a position at Case Institute of Technology (now Case Western Reserve University), where he worked until 1953. In 1953, he accepted a position at the U of T, replacing Ralph Williamson, who had earlier introduced Don to the emerging field of radio astronomy while they both were at Cornell. Don's primary research field was stellar spectroscopy, but his interests were much broader than this, and he possessed an abiding ability to interest students and faculty in new and emerging ideas. In the early 1960s he developed a strong interest in the nature and origin of the lunar surface, and discussed these extensively with colleagues. Many of his ideas on this subject were later confirmed by the lunar exploration program. Don's continuing interest in radio astronomy

  16. Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi, Maarjamäe lossi tallihoone renoveerimine = Renovation of the Estonian History Museum's Maarjamäe palace stables / Jaak Huimerind, Tarmo Piirmets ; kommenteerinud Kaido Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huimerind, Jaak, 1957-

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Ajaloomuuseumi Maarjamäe lossi renoveeritud tallihoone Tallinnas Pirita tee 66, valminud 2014. Arhitekt Jaak Huimerind (Studio Paralleel OÜ), sisearhitekt ja näituse kujundaja Tarmo Piirmets (Pink OÜ). Eesti Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali renoveerimispreemia 2014

  17. Sir Alexander Fleming: Scottish researcher who discovered penicillin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ligon, B Lee

    2004-01-01

    The discovery and development of penicillin changed the entire direction of approaches to treating infectious diseases and saved the lives of millions of people. Indeed, the development of penicillin was a watershed event in the battle against infectious diseases, and the individual who discovered it, Sir Alexander Fleming, remains a prominent individual in the annals of medical history. This article focuses primarily on the personal life of Alexander Fleming, an individual who had a remarkable diversity of interests and who made many contributions to science and medicine.

  18. Obituary: Walter Alexander Feibelman, 1930-2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oergerle, William

    2005-12-01

    Walter Alexander Feibelman, 79, an astronomer who discovered the E-ring of Saturn, died of a heart attack 19 November 2004 at his home at Riderwood Village in Silver Spring, Maryland. Walter was born 30 October 1925 in Berlin, Germany to Bernard and Dora Feibelman. He came to the United States with his parents in 1941. They were some of the last German Jews to flee Nazi Germany. Years later, he reported his experiences in an account contributed to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum. As a youth, he worked at a cleaning shop and as a soda jerk before taking a course in tool and die making. He worked at the Abbey Photo Corp. in New York and in a model-making firm, where he constructed models of aircraft for use in identification courses by the Army Air Forces. After high school, he attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology and received his BS degree in 1956. Until 1969, he was a research scientist at the University of Pittsburgh. While working as an assistant research professor in physics and astronomy at the University of Pittsburgh in 1967, he examined a photo of Saturn taken a year earlier at the university's Allegheny Observatory. The E-ring -- unlike the bright main rings, A, B, C, D and F -- is faint and not easily spotted. He paired his observation with calculations and announced his discovery, which remained unconfirmed until the Pioneer 11 flyby in 1979. Walter joined the Optical Astronomy Division of Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt in 1969, and worked there until 2002, when he became an emeritus astronomer at NASA. He became associated with the International Ultraviolet Explorer project, and worked on developing detectors for the orbiting observatory's spectrograph. The project turned out to be one of NASA's most successful observatories, operating from 1978 to 1996. In his scientific career, he published more than 200 refereed articles, mainly on hot stars and planetary nebulae. He also wrote papers in the fields of photography, spectroscopy

  19. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Tony W.

    1982-01-01

    Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

  20. Bemerkungen zu Alexander von Humboldts Russland-Tagebuch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and GermanIn this study the fragment of Alexander von Humboldt’s Siberian personal diary of 1829 is introduced. The evaluation is focussed on Humboldt’s remarks about mineral resources, especially gold and diamonds. Also mentioned are results which Humboldt recorded about geographical, botanical, meteorological, zoological and ethnological questions.

  1. Krahv Alexander von Keyserling / Sirje Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Sirje, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Alexander Friedrich Michael Lebrecht Arthur Nicolaus James von Keyserlingi (1815-1891) elust ja teaduslikest ekspeditsioonidest Venemaal ning tegevusest Eestis Raikküla mõisnikuna, loodusteadlasena, Eestimaa rüütelkonna peamehena, eesti talupoegade olukorra parandajana, Tartu õpperingkonna kuraatorina, maanõunikuna, tema pereelust ja lastest

  2. Teaching Nuclear Radiation and the Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    David R. Lapp

    2008-01-01

    The recent international story about the death of the former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko has more than just a few wondering about radiation poisoning and the sinister sounding polonium-210. I was preparing to begin a nuclear radiation unit the Monday after Thanksgiving 2006. As it turned out, Litvinenko died Thanksgiving Day after a short and…

  3. Alexander von Humboldt als astronomischer Arbeiter, Diskussionspartner und Ideengeber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver Schwarz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Auf welche Weise sich unsere Einschätzung des wissenschaftlichen Wirkens Alexander von Humboldts auf Grundlage der beständig voranschreitenden Erschließung seiner Handschriften verändern konnte und welche aktuellen wissenschaftshistorischen Fragestellungen dadurch aufgeworfen wurden, verdeutlicht Oliver Schwarz an Beispielen aus der Astronomie.

  4. A complex-network perspective on Alexander's wholeness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Bin

    2016-12-01

    The wholeness, conceived and developed by Christopher Alexander, is what exists to some degree or other in space and matter, and can be described by precise mathematical language. However, it remains somehow mysterious and elusive, and therefore hard to grasp. This paper develops a complex network perspective on the wholeness to better understand the nature of order or beauty for sustainable design. I bring together a set of complexity-science subjects such as complex networks, fractal geometry, and in particular underlying scaling hierarchy derived by head/tail breaks - a classification scheme and a visualization tool for data with a heavy-tailed distribution, in order to make Alexander's profound thoughts more accessible to design practitioners and complexity-science researchers. Through several case studies (some of which Alexander studied), I demonstrate that the complex-network perspective helps reduce the mystery of wholeness and brings new insights to Alexander's thoughts on the concept of wholeness or objective beauty that exists in fine and deep structure. The complex-network perspective enables us to see things in their wholeness, and to better understand how the kind of structural beauty emerges from local actions guided by the 15 fundamental properties, and in particular by differentiation and adaptation processes. The wholeness goes beyond current complex network theory towards design or creation of living structures.

  5. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Tony W.

    1982-01-01

    Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

  6. Journalism and the Educational Views of Alexander Meiklejohn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Mack R.

    Alexander Meiklejohn, who died in 1964 at the age of 92, was a constitutional scholar whose major interest was education. Among Meiklejohn's beliefs were the following: the social good should take precedence over individual achievement; the liberal arts college is the institution best suited to carry out an affirmative reading of the First…

  7. Krahv Alexander von Keyserling / Sirje Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Sirje, 1947-

    2002-01-01

    Alexander Friedrich Michael Lebrecht Arthur Nicolaus James von Keyserlingi (1815-1891) elust ja teaduslikest ekspeditsioonidest Venemaal ning tegevusest Eestis Raikküla mõisnikuna, loodusteadlasena, Eestimaa rüütelkonna peamehena, eesti talupoegade olukorra parandajana, Tartu õpperingkonna kuraatorina, maanõunikuna, tema pereelust ja lastest

  8. The Making of the Liberal College: Alexander Meiklejohn at Amherst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennan, Robert Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Surveys the history and curricular changes of Amherst College from its founding in 1821 through the administration of Alexander Meiklejohn in 1912. Assesses Meiklejohn's impact upon the development of Amherst as a liberal arts college, and analyses the events surrounding his dismissal. (SLM)

  9. Alexander von Humboldt and the Beginning of the Environmental Movement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engelhard Weigl

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in English, Abstracts in English and German.In the middle of the 19th century the question whether expanding civilization and industrialization had an effect on climate was discussed intensely worldwide. It was feared that increasing deforestation would lead to continuous decrease in rainfall. This first scientific discussion about climate change as the result of human intervention was strongly influenced by the research Alexander von Humboldt and Jean-Baptiste Boussingault had undertaken when they investigated the falling water levels of Lake Valencia in Venezuela. This essay aims to clarify the question whether Alexander von Humboldt can be counted among the leading figures of modern environmentalism on account of this research as is being claimed by Richard H. Grove in his influential book Green Imperialism. Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860 (1995.

  10. Increased dynamic regulation of postural tone through Alexander Technique training

    OpenAIRE

    Cacciatore, TW; Gurfinkel, VS; Horak, FB; Cordo, PJ; Ames, KE

    2010-01-01

    Gurfinkel and colleagues (2006) recently found that healthy adults dynamically modulate postural muscle tone in the body axis during anti-gravity postural maintenance and that this modulation is inversely correlated with axial stiffness. Our objective in the present study was to investigate whether dynamic modulation of axial postural tone can change through training. We examined whether teachers of the Alexander Technique (AT), who undergo “long-term” (3-year) training, have greater modulati...

  11. Prof. Alexander Strunnikov: Drug Discovery Opportunities Lead Me to China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    After working for NIH for more than 3.6 years as microorganism genetics expert, in late 203.3-, Alexander Strunnikov joined the CAS Guangzhou Institutes of Biomedicine and Health (GIBH) and embarked on cancer research that had enticed him for quite a few years. As he mentioned, the successful application of the RPFE grant has played a key role, and that he needed only minor lifestyle adjustments to facilitate his work in Guangzhou.

  12. The Old Serbian Alexander Romance and the Greek Phyllada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Usakiewicz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper includes a short introduction and four excerpts from the Old Serbian Alexander Romance translated into Polish by Maciej Falski.   Tekst zawiera krótką prezentację zagadnienia filiacji Opowieści o Aleksandrze w bałkańskiej przestrzeni kulturowej oraz przekład fragmentów tzw. Serbskiej Aleksandreidy na język polski.

  13. Cocycle Knot Invariants, Quandle Extensions, and Alexander Matrices

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    The theory of quandle (co)homology and cocycle knot invariants is rapidly being developed. We begin with a summary of these recent advances. One such advance is the notion of a dynamical cocycle. We show how dynamical cocycles can be used to color knotted surfaces that are obtained from classical knots by twist-spinning. We also demonstrate relations between cocycle invariants and Alexander matrices.

  14. Provintsist pärit IT-mõtleja / Alexander Galitsky ; interv. Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galitsky, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa tuntumaid info- ja kõrgtehnoloogiavaldkonna spetsialiste infotehnoloogiast ja selle erinevatest võimalustest, tehnoloogia lahendustest ning avastustest, turvaprobleemidest. Lisa: Alexander Galitsky

  15. Provintsist pärit IT-mõtleja / Alexander Galitsky ; interv. Viktoria Korpan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Galitsky, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Venemaa tuntumaid info- ja kõrgtehnoloogiavaldkonna spetsialiste infotehnoloogiast ja selle erinevatest võimalustest, tehnoloogia lahendustest ning avastustest, turvaprobleemidest. Lisa: Alexander Galitsky

  16. Alexander Skutch: Naturalista Y Filósofo

    OpenAIRE

    Mata Jiménez, Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    El artículo considera la figura de Alexander Skutch como el hombre de ciencia que analiza el entorno natural y la relación de las personas con este entorno, desde una perspectiva humanista. Su vida y sus ideas de vivir en armonía con la naturaleza son sumamente significativas hoy por las acciones humanas que ponen en peligro la estabilidad de la naturaleza. Se discurre sobre la forma como Skutch procura su conocimiento y convivencia con la naturaleza sin causarle daño y de sus ideas de cómo e...

  17. Le fonds Alexander Walker de la Cineteca di Friouli

    OpenAIRE

    Codelli, Lorenzo

    2012-01-01

    La Collection Alexander Walker conservée à la Bibliothèque Angelo R. Humouda de la Cineteca del Friuli, à Gemona, Italie, inclût le patrimoine libraire entier, ainsi que la correspondence et tous les manuscripts d’un des critiques et essayistes anglosaxons les plus connus et influents de sa génération. Ses polémiques contre la censure, sa collaboration avec Stanley Kubrick pour la toute première monographie parue sur l’auteur de 2001 : L’Odyssée de l’espace, ses recherches fouillées sur Josep...

  18. Alexander Crichton on the psychopathology of the passions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charland, Louis C

    2008-09-01

    Alexander Crichton (1763-1856) made significant contributions to the medical theory of the passions, yet there exists no systematic exegesis of this particular aspect of his work. The present article explores four themes in Crichton's work on the passions: (1) the role of irritability in the physiology of the passions; (2) the manner in which irritability and sensibility contribute to the valence, or polarity, of the passions; (3) the elaboration of a psychopathology of the passions that emphasizes their physiological form rather than meaningful content or connections; and (4) the insistence that medical science ought to ignore ethical and other 'moral' psychological and social aspects of the passions.

  19. Reluctant genius Alexander Graham Bell and the passion for invention

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, Charlotte

    2011-01-01

    The popular image of Alexander Graham Bell is that of an elderly American patriarch, memorable only for his paunch, his Santa Claus beard, and the invention of the telephone. In this magisterial reassessment based on thorough new research, acclaimed biographer Charlotte Gray reveals Bell's wide-ranging passion for invention and delves into the private life that supported his genius. The child of a speech therapist and a deaf mother, and possessed of superbly acute hearing, Bell developed an early interest in sound. His understanding of how sound waves might relate to electrical waves enabled h

  20. Bildnisse mit Berg: Goethe und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Giuseppe Mazzolini

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, translated by Wolfgang Böker, Abstracts in English and GermanBoth Alexander von Humboldt and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe have been portrayed in their later years anachronistically before the background of a mountain that had been of high significance in their earlier biography and carreer. For Goethe this was the Vesuvio, and for Humboldt the Chimborazo. This paper examines the numerous conceptual and formal parallels between the two paintings which make it probable that the Goethe portrait served as a blueprint for the portrait of Humboldt.

  1. SIGNS AND NARRATIVE DESIGN IN PLUTARCH’S ALEXANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Bosman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Plutarch’s Alexander reflects the tendency among earlier Alexandersources to augment the life of the great Macedonian with asupernatural aspect. Plutarch himself selects from, dismisses andfashions this material in accordance with his own standards forresponsible biography, but also with his narrative purposes. Thispaper explores the relationship between signs from the supernaturalsphere (semeia / theia, including dreams, oracles, omens, portentsand Plutarch’s narrative line. In the initial section of the biography,Plutarch’s deliberate association of his protagonist with divineinvolvement provides sanction for his future success. Afterestablishing his character as ‘spirited’ (thymoeidēs, the signssupport his spirit (thymos and ambition (philotimia towardsfulfilling his allotted role. During the latter part of the narrative,portents tend to become ominous, so that Alexander is depicted asdejected (athymos, anxious (tarachōdēs; periphobos, despairing(dysthymos, and superstitious (deisidaimōn. In this way, the signssupport an ascending and descending line in Alexander’s biographyand hint at divine and psychological (in addition to moral reasonsfor Alexander’s successes and eventual demise.Introduction

  2. The modified alternative (G'/G)-expansion method to nonlinear evolution equation: application to the (1+1)-dimensional Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson equation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbar, M Ali; Mohd Ali, Norhashidah Hj; Mohyud-Din, Syed Tauseef

    2013-01-01

    Over the years, (G'/G)-expansion method is employed to generate traveling wave solutions to various wave equations in mathematical physics. In the present paper, the alternative (G'/G)-expansion method has been further modified by introducing the generalized Riccati equation to construct new exact solutions. In order to illustrate the novelty and advantages of this approach, the (1+1)-dimensional Drinfel'd-Sokolov-Wilson (DSW) equation is considered and abundant new exact traveling wave solutions are obtained in a uniform way. These solutions may be imperative and significant for the explanation of some practical physical phenomena. It is shown that the modified alternative (G'/G)-expansion method an efficient and advance mathematical tool for solving nonlinear partial differential equations in mathematical physics.

  3. Bell-polynomial application and multi-soliton solutions for the generalized variable-coefficient Drinfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota system in fluids and plasmas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Yu-Jia; Gao, Yi-Tian; Yu, Xin

    2013-09-01

    With symbolic computation, the generalized variable-coefficient Drinfeld-Sokolov-Satsuma-Hirota (gvcDSSH) system in fluids and plasmas is investigated. Under the constraint conditions on variable coefficients obtained via the Painlevé test, the binary Bell polynomials are applied to the gvcDSSH system for its bilinear forms and multi-soliton solutions. With the different damping, dispersive and dissipative coefficients given, the multi-soliton solutions of the gvcDSSH system are illustrated and discussed. (i) The interactions between/among the solitons are elastic; (ii) the damping coefficient can only affect the amplitude of one field, while it has no effect on the other; (iii) the velocity and characteristic line for each soliton can be affected by the dispersive and dissipative coefficients.

  4. Kantselei juht : me palkame Rüütli kõrvale vaid oskajaid ja lojaalseid / Tarmo Mänd ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mänd, Tarmo, 1950-

    2001-01-01

    Presidendi kantselei direktor Tarmo Mänd kantselei igapäevatööst, kantselei personalist, presidendi kohtumistest ministrite ja opositsiooni esindajatega, akadeemilise nõukogu täiendamisest, riigikaitsenõukogust, välisekspertide nõukogust, kaastundeavaldusest Itaalia presidendile

  5. 76 FR 28226 - Ndahendekire Barbara v. African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia; Alco Logistics, Llc; Brenda Alexander...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-16

    ... Ndahendekire Barbara v. African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia; Alco Logistics, Llc; Brenda Alexander; and AIR 7 Seas... ``Complainant,'' against African Shipping; Njoroge Muhia, ALCO Logistics, LLC; Brenda Alexander; and Air 7 Seas Transport Logistics, Inc.; hereinafter ``Respondents''. Complainant asserts that she is acting agent...

  6. Kinesthetic Ventures Informed by the Work of F. M. Alexander, Stanislavski, Peirce, and Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Ed; Wright, Ben; Protzel, Michael, Ed.

    This book is about education harvested from self-observation. F. Matthias Alexander (1869-1955) studied the experience of self formation, working with motor habits. His method is used in performing arts training to enhance bodily and vocal expression. Like Alexander, Konstantine Stanislavski (1863-1938) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) studied human…

  7. Kinesthetic Ventures Informed by the Work of F. M. Alexander, Stanislavski, Peirce, and Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchard, Ed; Wright, Ben; Protzel, Michael, Ed.

    This book is about education harvested from self-observation. F. Matthias Alexander (1869-1955) studied the experience of self formation, working with motor habits. His method is used in performing arts training to enhance bodily and vocal expression. Like Alexander, Konstantine Stanislavski (1863-1938) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) studied human…

  8. Whole rice bran for beef heifers raised on alexander grass pasture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. R. Salvador

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the development of beef heifers exclusively fed alexander grass (Urochloa plantaginea (Link Hitch or alexander grass and whole rice meal as supplement offered from Monday to Friday. The experimental design was completely randomized, with repeated measures over time, and consisted of two treatments and three replications of area. Heifers receiving whole rice meal exhibited higher average daily gain after day 42 of pasture use and a 21% higher body weight at the end of the grazing period. The stocking rate, weight gain per area, hip height, weight-height ratio, and body condition score were similar for heifers exclusively fed alexander grass and alexander grass plus rice bran. Beef heifers raised exclusively on alexander grass from 15 to 18 months of age reached adequate body development, reproductive tract score (4.22 points and pelvic area (206.3 cm² to be bred at 18-20 months of age.

  9. Mis on Teie arvates meie kõrghariduses hästi ja mis halvasti? Kuidas hindate taset, mis võiks olla teisiti? / Liina Oks, Tarmo Tael, Dimitri Demjanov...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad Sampo panga personalidiretor Liina Oks, DPD ASi tegevjuht Tarmo Tael, restoran Gloria juht Dimitri Demjanov, Vaasan Grupi ärivaldkonna direktor Ants Promann ja AS Helmes juht Jaan Pillesaar

  10. Teaching Nuclear Radiation and the Poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapp, David R.

    2008-03-01

    The recent international story about the death of the former KGB agent Alexander Litvinenko has more than just a few wondering about radiation poisoning and the sinister sounding polonium-210. I was preparing to begin a nuclear radiation unit the Monday after Thanksgiving 2006. As it turned out, Litvinenko died Thanksgiving Day after a short and terrible three-week illness. Having the story continue to unfold throughout the next two weeks of the new unit provided a daily opportunity for students to see the relevance of what we were doing in class. My students were able to have meaningful and informed conversations with their peers and parents over an important international event. They even began to feel a bit like authorities themselves when listening to experts respond to media questions about polonium-210 and nuclear radiation in general. This paper discusses some of the ways that the story of Litvinenko was used while presenting the topic of nuclear radiation.

  11. Silurian Gastropoda from the Alexander terrane, southeast Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohr, D.M.; Blodgett, R.B.

    2008-01-01

    Gastropods are described from Ludlow-age strata of the Heceta Limestone on Prince of Wales Island, southeast Alaska. They are part of a diverse megabenthic fauna of the Alexander terrane, an accreted terrane of Siberian or Uralian affinities. Heceta Limestone gastropods with Uralian affinities include Kirkospira glacialis, which closely resembles "Pleurotomaria" lindstromi Oehlert of Chernyshev, 1893, Retispira cf. R. volgulica (Chernyshev, 1893), and Medfracaulus turriformis (Chernyshev, 1893). Medfracaulus and similar morphotypes such as Coelocaulus karlae are unknown from rocks that are unquestionably part of the North American continent (Laurentia) during Late Silurian time. Beraunia is previously known only from the Silurian of Bohemia. Pachystrophia has previously been reported only from western North American terranes (Eastern Klamath, York, and Farewell terranes) and Europe. Bathmopterus Kirk, 1928, is resurrected and is only known from the Silurian of southeast Alaska. Newly described taxa include Hecetastoma gehrelsi n. gen. and n. sp. and Baichtalia tongassensis n. gen. and n. sp. ??2008 The Geological Society of America.

  12. Hypertextuality in the Alexander von Humboldt Digital Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detlev Doherr

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available To do justice to the legacy of Alexander von Humboldt, a 19th century German scientist and explorer an information and knowledge management system is required to preserve the author's original intent and promote an awareness of all his relevant works. Although all of Humboldt's works can be found on the internet as digitized papers, the complexity and internal interconnectivity of the writings is not very transparent. Humboldt's concepts of interaction cannot be adequately represented only by digitized papers or scanned documents. The Humboldt Portal is an attempt to create a new generation of digital libraries, providing a new form of interaction and synthesis between humanistic texts and scientific observation. The digital version of his documents supplies dynamic links to sources, maps, images, graphs and relevant texts in accordance with his visions, because "everything is interconnectedness".

  13. In Memoru of Alexander M. Poniatoff (1892 – 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. P. Samokhin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A brief overview of the life and works of the main achievements of Alexander M. Poniatoff is given. He was an outstanding engineer and founder of AMPEX – American company that won the world recognition in the field of magnetic recording of signals. The description of life AM Poniatowa in childhood and youth, his education in Russia and Germany, in the imperial service, and the "white" army, emigration and employment in the United States, including the establishment of the company AMPEX details and interesting facts from its progressive development into a global leader audio and video equipment. The AMPEX engineers created the world's first tape recorders and videotape recorders of professional quality, which contributed to the radical improvement of the radio and television broadcasting technologies. Twelve development AMPEX awarded prizes Emmy Awards, awarded by the American Academy of Television Arts & Sciences and the four recognized as the best in the category Monitor Awards International Society of television production.

  14. Roger Bacon in der Sicht Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Müller

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Articel in german, abstracts in englisch, german and español In his model of the six epochs of the history of science, Alexander von Humboldt sees scarcely any lights able to break through the occidental darkness in the time between the scientific prime of the arabic world and the expeditions of Columbus. The most prominent of these few pioneers to Humboldt is the fransciscan monc Roger Bacon who excelled in almost all disciplines and emphasized on the unity of the sciences. Humboldt honors the Englishman with detailed examinations of his Opus maius in Kosmos and also in his popular speeches in the Berlin Singakademie as well as in the examen critique on the history of geography of the New World.

  15. Alexander v. Sandoval:A Setback for Civil Rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin G. Welner

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available This article confronts the serious implications of a recent U.S. Supreme Court decision, Alexander v. Sandoval, which eliminated an important legal avenue for civil rights plaintiffs. For over 35 years, individuals have been allowed to bring lawsuits directly challenging violations of rights set forth in the federal regulations implementing Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Because these actions could be grounded in proof of disparate impact, rather than discriminatory intent, they allowed for some claims that could not go forward under other legal authorities, such as the Fourteenth Amendment. While the author concludes by identifying key remaining options, he highlights the real damage done by this decision.

  16. THE EARLY LYRICS BY ALEXANDER BLOK IN ARABIC TRANSLATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. ABDULRAZZAK AHMED

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author discusses the features of the early poetry of Alexander Blok, which found response in the hearts of Arab readers thanks to translations into the Arabic language. The professionalism of translators allowed to reveal the deep hidden meaning in the content of the poems. Many Arab experts translated the poems by Alexander Blok. The first translations of Blok’s poems into the Arabic language were made in the beginning of the 20th century. Arabs, who studied in Europe, translated Blok’s poems from the European languages into Arabic. For example, S. Tewfik translated “The Lady Unknown” (“Neznakomka”, 1906 from the French language, and after that many Arabic specialists translated Blok’s poems: H. Lutfi, the Egyptian writer and translator from Russian, familiarized Arabic readers with the cycle of poetry “The Verses about the Beautiful Lady” (1904, which he titled “The Poet in Love”. Saleh bin Ali Al-Hammadi, Abu Elshaar, Faleh Al- Humrani and Abu-Bark Yussef also translated “The Verses about the Beautiful Lady” and such famous poems as “Cleopatra”, “The Lady Unknown”, “The Twelve”. Moreover, there are several different translations of “The Lady Unknown” and “The Twelve”. The article analyzes the translations of the first Blok’s collection of poems “The Verses about the Beautiful Lady” made by Sabri Tafud in 1985.

  17. La pasión de Alexander Crichton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matusevich, Daniel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Crichton was born in Edinburgh in 1763; he graduated from Leyden University and travelled through Berlín, Paris, Stuttgart, Prague and Gotinga to perfect his knowledge in medicine while he establish a deep connection between the social media and the culture of those places. On 1798 he published An inquiry into the nature and origin of Mental Derangement, the only book he wrote dedicated to madness. In this paper we review some questions referred to the general method that the author applies, his contributions to the semiotics of the mind and to the analysis of the process of aging and the function of the attention; we also take a look to his conception of the world of passions and of madness, who influenced Philippe Pinel and Dominique Esquirol and also constitute a cornerstone in the birth of psychiatry.Alexander Crichton, nació en Edimburgo en 1763, se graduó en la Universidad de Leyden y completó su formación médica en Berlín, Paris, Stuttgart, Praga y Gotinga, vinculándose estrechamente con el ambiente social y cultural de esos prestigiosos centros europeos. En el año 1798 publicó An Inquiry into the nature and origin of Mental Derangement (Investigación sobre la naturaleza y el origen del trastorno mental, única obra de su autoría dedicada a la locura. En este artículo se analizan algunas cuestiones referidas al método general que aplica el autor para la concepción de su obra, sus contribuciones a la semiología de la mente, al análisis del proceso de envejecimiento y a la función de la atención, para detenernos, finalmente, en su conceptuación del mundo de las pasiones y de la locura que fueron retomadas por otros autores como Philippe Pinel y Dominique Esquirol, y que constituyeron un antecedente fundamental en el nacimiento de la psiquiatría.

  18. Alexander disease as a cause of nocturnal vomiting in a 7-year-old girl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niinikoski, Harri [University of Turku, Department of Paediatrics, Turku (Finland); Haataja, Leena [University of Turku, Department of Paediatrics, Turku (Finland); University of Turku, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Turku (Finland); Brander, Antti [University of Tampere, Department of Radiology, Tampere (Finland); Valanne, Leena [University of Helsinki, Department of Radiology, Helsinki (Finland); Blaser, Susan [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Radiology, Toronto (Canada)

    2009-08-15

    Alexander disease is a rare form of leukodystrophy with a highly variable clinical course. Occasionally night-time nausea and vomiting are the first symptoms of juvenile Alexander disease. A 7-year-old girl had recurrent night-time vomiting and her growth and weight gain had deteriorated after her sixth birthday. Cranial MRI demonstrated two small, symmetrical focal areas of abnormally high signal intensity in the dorsal medulla oblongata on T2-W and FLAIR images. These were suggestive of juvenile Alexander disease, and subsequent sequencing of the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene revealed a heterogeneous missense mutation in the GFAP gene in exon 6. Alexander disease should be considered in young patients with atypical anorexia nervosa-type symptoms. (orig.)

  19. THE IMAGE OF THE TSAR ABANDONING HIS THRONE IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN'S POETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lebedeva E. S.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the image of the Tzar, who abandoned his family name, throne and crown and hid to repent his sins, created by Alexander Pushkin in his poems "Angelo" and "Roderick".

  20. Siim Nestor soovitab : Ben Frost ja Alexander Robotnik Eclectical / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Austraalia muusik ja helilooja Ben Frost projektiga "6 guitars" esinemas festivali Eclectica raames 6. sept. Tartu klubis Rock ja Roll ja itaalia diskor Alexander Robotnik 7. sept. klubis Trehv, esinejatest

  1. The Berlin tradition in Chicago: Franz Alexander and the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Erika S

    2010-01-01

    Freud considered Franz Alexander, the first graduate of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute and an assistant in the Berlin Polyclinic, to be "one of our strongest hopes for the future." Alexander went on to become the first director of the Chicago Institute for Psychoanalysis in 1932 and modeled some of the Chicago Institute's mission on his Berlin experiences. He was also a researcher in psychosomatic medicine, a prolific writer about psychoanalysis and prominent in psychoanalytic organizations. As he proposed modifications in psychoanalytic technique, he became a controversial figure, especially in the elaboration of his ideas about brief therapy and the corrective emotional experience. This paper puts Alexander's achievements in historical context, draws connections between the Berlin and Chicago Institutes and suggests that, despite his quarrels with traditional psychoanalysis, Alexander's legacy may be in his attitude towards psychoanalysis, characterized by a commitment to scientific study, a willingness to experiment, and a conviction about the role of psychoanalysis within the larger culture.

  2. Siim Nestor soovitab : Ben Frost ja Alexander Robotnik Eclectical / Siim Nestor

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nestor, Siim, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Austraalia muusik ja helilooja Ben Frost projektiga "6 guitars" esinemas festivali Eclectica raames 6. sept. Tartu klubis Rock ja Roll ja itaalia diskor Alexander Robotnik 7. sept. klubis Trehv, esinejatest

  3. Spurensuche einer Rezeptionsgeschichte Alexander von Humboldt und Johann Gottfried Herder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernhard Hunger

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt's work displays traces of Johann Gottfried Herder which are as multifaceted as the references to the latter are scarce. In light of this aspect, the present essay focuses on Humboldt's Physiognomy of Plants (1806, in which he explicitly mentions Herder for the first time in a publication. Two years later, the text is incorporated within Aspects of Nature (1808 ff.. In the third edition of Aspects (1849, Herder's name is curiously omitted. This omission is incomprehensible both in form and content. The historical context characterising the years between 1805 and 1808 suggests that Humboldt's references to Herder must have been made very deliberately. Humboldt's correspondence with the historian Johannes von M¸ller and other sources shows that Humboldt carefully studied Herder's writings. As the publisher of Herder's complete works, Johannes von M¸ller, who was Humboldtís friend and neighbour at the time, even considered Humboldt to be a direct descendant of the Herder school.

  4. Alexander's and Phoebe's stars: Two New Exotic Phoenix Giants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melis, Carl; Zuckerman, B.; Song, I.; Rhee, J. H.; Bessell, M. S.; Murphy, S. J.

    2011-01-01

    Phoenix Giants are first-ascent giant stars orbited by substantial dusty and gaseous disks that are sometimes accreting onto the central star. We present the characterization of two dusty first-ascent giant stars identified through cross-correlating the Tycho-2 and IRAS catalogs. CD-30 11814 (hereafter Alexander's star) is a high-velocity Pop II star that exhibits rapid accretion and outflowing gas. Multiple epochs of spectroscopic observations show that the double-peaked Ca II infrared triplet emission from this source has variable morphology and strength. TYC 596 145 1 (hereafter Phoebe's star) is a lithium-rich K2.5 III star orbited by a substantial icy disk as indicated by water-ice features detected in Spitzer IRS and IRTF/SpeX infrared spectroscopy. Each source can yield interesting insights into binary star evolution and planetary systems. Funding for this research came from NASA grants and an LLNL-Minigrant to UCLA and from the Spitzer Visiting Graduate Student Program.

  5. Alexander von Humboldt und die transnationale Wissenschaftskommunikation im 19. Jahrhundert

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich Päßler

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in german, abstracts in english and frenchAlexander von Humboldt has been labelled a “scientific cosmopolitan”. Through his vast correspondence and a network of personal contacts, he upheld a form of scientific exchange that was characteristic of the eighteenth-century “republic of letters”.This article examines how Humboldt adapted this cosmopolitan tradition of communication to a nineteenth century scientific culture that was largely institutionalized and was becoming increasingly nationalized. Humboldt quite successfully fostered scientific exchange between Berlin and Paris after 1830 and, on various occasions between the 1830s and 1850s, readily advocated international large-scale projects. These examples demonstrate that Humboldt observed the development of nationally defined scientific cultures and the opening of the sciences towards the public realm. Moreover, they indicate how he was able to make use of these developments as he promoted the sciences in Prussia. In scientific controversies within the Parisian scientific community, Humboldt was involuntarily assigned the role of a “neutral” foreign arbitrator. Thus, the development of nineteenth century sciences also jeopardized Humboldt’s unique position as an independent “homme des lettres”.

  6. Uus töölpeinguseadus : nagu Soomes lama ajal? Ei, veel karmim / Maret Maripuu, Tarmo Kriis, Peep Peterson ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Maret, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Uue töölepingu seaduse eelnõust. Vestlusringis on sotsiaalminister Maret Maripuu, Eesti tööandjate keskliidu juhataja Tarmo Kriis ja transpordi ametiühingu juhatuse esimees Peep Peterson. Lisatud: mida eelnõu muudab? ; ametiühingute keskliidu juhi Harri Taliga kommentaar: dzhungliseaduste tagasitulek? ; Helmes ASi nõukogu esimehe Jaan Pillesaare kommentaar: praegune seadus on tobe

  7. Vaatega maja : elamu Tabasalus Kalda tn. 3 = House with a View : Single-family House in Tabasalu, at 3 Kalda Street / Tarmo Teedumäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teedumäe, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Paepanga serval asuv eramu on ehitatud krundil olnud küüni paemüüridele. Hoonel on puidust väliskest. Avatud eluruum läbib kolme korrust. Projekteerija: Arhitektuuriagentuur OÜ. Arhitekt Tarmo Teedumäe. Konstruktsioonid: Peipman Inseneribüroo OÜ. Projekt 2000, 2003, valmis 2003. 8 fotot, värv.: 5 välis- ja 3 sisevaadet, 5 joonist: I, II, III korruse plaan, lõige, vaade

  8. Uus töölpeinguseadus : nagu Soomes lama ajal? Ei, veel karmim / Maret Maripuu, Tarmo Kriis, Peep Peterson ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maripuu, Maret, 1974-

    2008-01-01

    Uue töölepingu seaduse eelnõust. Vestlusringis on sotsiaalminister Maret Maripuu, Eesti tööandjate keskliidu juhataja Tarmo Kriis ja transpordi ametiühingu juhatuse esimees Peep Peterson. Lisatud: mida eelnõu muudab? ; ametiühingute keskliidu juhi Harri Taliga kommentaar: dzhungliseaduste tagasitulek? ; Helmes ASi nõukogu esimehe Jaan Pillesaare kommentaar: praegune seadus on tobe

  9. Vaatega maja : elamu Tabasalus Kalda tn. 3 = House with a View : Single-family House in Tabasalu, at 3 Kalda Street / Tarmo Teedumäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teedumäe, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Paepanga serval asuv eramu on ehitatud krundil olnud küüni paemüüridele. Hoonel on puidust väliskest. Avatud eluruum läbib kolme korrust. Projekteerija: Arhitektuuriagentuur OÜ. Arhitekt Tarmo Teedumäe. Konstruktsioonid: Peipman Inseneribüroo OÜ. Projekt 2000, 2003, valmis 2003. 8 fotot, värv.: 5 välis- ja 3 sisevaadet, 5 joonist: I, II, III korruse plaan, lõige, vaade

  10. The life and death of Alexander Bogdanov, physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huestis, D W

    1996-08-01

    It was early in April in 1928 when the word went out in Moscow that Alexander Bogdanov had died. He was a controversial figure, an old Bolshevik who had left that party long before the 1917 revolution and never returned. All the same, he had had Lenin's respect as a scientist (as long as he stayed out of politics). More recently, he also had the support of the new party strong man, Stalin. Bogdanov opposed the growing despotism of the "dictatorship of the proletariat", under which slogan Communist autocracy was being developed. But he was respected as a tireless propagandist for the socialist cause, an enthusiastic teacher of the proletariat, and a writer of arcane science and philosophy. Bogdanov was held in such respect that Communist bigwigs spoke glowingly at the funeral, praising his intellect, courage, and dedication to science and humanity. They did not fail to point out that he had split with his one-time friend, Lenin, and had succumbed to ideological "errors". Indeed, he had powerful enemies in the early Soviet state. Bogdanov was a physician, economist, philosopher, natural scientist, writer of utopian science fiction, poet, teacher, politician (unsuccesful), lifelong revolutionary, forerunner of what we now call cybernetics and organizational science, and founder of the world's first institution devoted entirely to the field of blood transfusion. You could call him a Renaissance man. Although he clearly fitted the category of the late-nineteenth-century Russian intellectual revolutionary, Bogdanov differed from most of them in being no dilettante. More than just a theorist, he was an active scientist and physician. As a teacher, he firmly believed that education and indoctrination could alter people's ways of thinking and behaving, and that humanity could be perfected under socialism. Like many revolutionaries, Bogdanov tried to keep ahead of the Tsar's police by using a variety of pseudonyms, among them Riadavoy, Werner, Maximov, and Bogdanov. After

  11. Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson. Wilson's disease, Queen Square and neurology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broussolle, E; Trocello, J-M; Woimant, F; Lachaux, A; Quinn, N

    2013-12-01

    This historical article describes the life and work of the British physician Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson (1878-1937), who was one of the world's greatest neurologists of the first half of the 20th century. Early in his career, Wilson spent one year in Paris in 1903 where he learned from Pierre-Marie at Bicêtre Hospital. He subsequently retained uninterrupted links with French neurology. He also visited in Leipzig the German anatomist Paul Flechsig. In 1904, Wilson returned to London, where he worked for the rest of his life at the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic (later the National Hospital for Nervous Diseases, and today the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery) in Queen Square, and also at Kings' College Hospital. He wrote on 'the old motor system and the new', on disorders of motility and muscle tone, on the epilepsies, on aphasia, apraxia, tics, and pathologic laughing and crying, and most importantly on Wilson's disease. The other objective of our paper is to commemorate the centenary of Wilson's most important work published in 1912 in Brain, and also in Revue Neurologique, on an illness newly recognized and characterized by him entitled "Progressive lenticular degeneration, a familial nervous disease associated with liver cirrhosis". He analyzed 12 clinical cases, four of whom he followed himself, but also four cases previously published by others and a further two that he considered in retrospect had the same disease as he was describing. The pathological profile combined necrotic damage in the lenticular nuclei of the brain and hepatic cirrhosis. This major original work is summarized and discussed in the present paper. Wilson not only delineated what was later called hepato-lenticular degeneration and Wilson's disease, but also introduced for the first time the terms extrapyramidal syndrome and extrapyramidal system, stressing the role of the basal ganglia in motility. The present historical work emphasizes the special

  12. IN MEMORIAM: In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin In Memoriam: Alexander A Golovin and Alexei M Oparin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    In Memoriam of Alexander A Golovin (1962-2008) Alexander (Sasha) Golovin passed away on 10 September 2008. Sasha's scientific heritage includes seminal works in different fields of physics, from Marangoni convection to self-assembly of quantum dots, and from combustion fronts to anomalous diffusion in flows and on a crystal surface. A graduate of the Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology, he had very broad scientific interests and a unique ability to identify and solve new, intellectually challenging and technologically important problems. One of the basic fields of Sasha's research was the fluid dynamics in systems with interfaces. His favorite subject was the motion of droplets, bubbles and particles in the presence of heat and mass transfer. Sasha's early works contained the discovery of the spontaneous motion of droplets due to the Marangoni effect and the investigation of the interaction between solid particles, bubbles and droplets caused by the Marangoni effect, which is a crucial factor that determines the effect of heat/mass transfer on the rate of coalescence. In both cases, Sasha's work was the first in a long sequence of papers written by different authors. Later, Sasha returned to that field when studying such fascinating subjects as levitation of droplets above the surface of an evaporating liquid and encapsulation of particles and bubbles by an advancing solidification front. The subject of interfacial hydrodynamics overlaps with another basic field of Sasha's research, the theory of pattern formation. The contribution of Sasha's work to the modern understanding of the variety of pattern formation phenomena is significant. It includes the analysis of the interaction between long-wave and short-wave instability modes in Marangoni convection, investigation of the large-scale Marangoni convection that led to the prediction of different patterns including quasipatterns, and the description of various non-potential effects in Marangoni convection

  13. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  14. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  15. Stubb : EL saavutas Gruusia kriisi ajal palju / Alexander Stubb ; interv. Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Soome välisministri Alexander Stubbiga, kes vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Euroopa Liidu positsiooni seoses Venemaa agressiooniga Gruusias ja Soome seisukohti seoses NATOga. Euroliidu reaktsioon Venemaa agressioonile Gruusias oli poliitiliselt tugev ja majanduslikult nõrk, arvab ta

  16. Alexander Pechersky Testifies: an Open Page of Sobibor Death Camp History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lev S. Simkin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, the author introduces the interrogation of the witness Alexander Aronovich Pechersky, the leader of the German death camp Sobibor Revolt during the World War II. Special attention is attached to the daily life of the death camp. The picture of revolt preparation was completed

  17. Synoptisches Erzählen - Darstellungen des Bombenkriegs bei Gert Ledig, Alexander Kluge und Dieter Forte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Birthe

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen foretager en sammenlignende analyse af Gert Ledigs roman "Vergeltung" (1956), Alexander Kluges hybride tekst "Der Luftangriff auf Halberstadt am 8. April 1945" (1976) og Dieter Fortes roman "Der Junge mit den Blutigen Schuhen" (1995) med henblik på en diskussion af fortællemæssige...

  18. Marathon man: the stubborn persistence of Alexander Kluge, German cinema's polymathic master strategist

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Elsaesser, T.

    2008-01-01

    On the occasion of his 75th birthday in 2008, German filmmaker Alexander Kluge is profiled in detail, and his films are examined in chronological order. The movies discussed are "Abscied von Gestern" ("Yesterday Girl," 1966), "Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos" ("Artists Under the Big Top:

  19. Unraveling pathology in juvenile Alexander disease: serial quantitative MR imaging and spectroscopy of white matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voorn, J.P. van der [VU University Medical Center, Department of Child Neurology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); VU University Medical Center, Department of Pathology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Pouwels, Petra J.W. [VU University Medical Center, Department of Physics and Medical Technology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Salomons, Gajja S. [VU University Medical Center, Department of Clinical Chemistry (Metabolic Unit), Amsterdam (Netherlands); Barkhof, Frederik [VU University Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Knaap, Marjo S. van der [VU University Medical Center, Department of Child Neurology, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-10-15

    Alexander disease is a rare disorder of the central nervous system with characteristic symmetric white matter abnormalities with frontal predominance on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Histopathology shows a lack of myelin in the affected white matter, variably interpreted as hypomyelination or demyelination. To increase our insight into the nature of the pathology leading to the MR imaging findings in Alexander disease, we applied serial MR imaging, spectroscopy, magnetization transfer (MT) imaging (MTI), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in six patients with juvenile Alexander disease. The MR imaging protocol comprised T1- and T2-weighted spin echo images and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images. Fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and MT ratio (MTR) maps were generated, and MR spectroscopy concentrations were quantified for several metabolites. MR imaging showed similar cerebral white matter abnormalities in all patients, with only minor increase on prolonged follow-up, despite sometimes serious clinical progression. MR spectroscopy showed highly elevated levels of myo-inositol, lactate, and choline-containing compounds and decreased total N-acetyl-aspartate and N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate levels in the abnormal white matter. High values of ADC were observed, and both FA and MTR were attenuated. The sequential MR imaging findings in Alexander disease provide strong evidence against active demyelination as sole explanation for the underlying pathology. An alternative explanation for our spectroscopic, DTI, and MTI findings - which would suggest demyelination - could be hyperplasia and hypertrophy of astrocytes, as seen in low grade gliomas. (orig.)

  20. A Disciplinary Immigrant. Alexander Smith at the University of Chicago, 1894-1911

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotter, Donald

    2008-01-01

    The publication in 1906 of Alexander Smith's "Introduction to general inorganic chemistry" inaugurated a decisive change in chemical pedagogy in the US, the effects of which are still evident. The nature and extent of Smith's innovations are described through a comparison of his text to its source material and contemporaries. His…

  1. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Bouma

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.

  2. Close to the Clothes : Materiality and Sophisticated Archaism in Alexander van Slobbe’s Design Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baronian, M.-A.

    2017-01-01

    This article looks at the work of contemporary Dutch fashion designer Alexander van Slobbe (1959) and examines how, since the 1990s, his fashion practices have consistently and consciously put forward a unique reflection on questions related to materiality, sophisticated archaism, luxury,

  3. Alexander Cameron Rutherford: A Gentleman and a Scholar. Documents in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodysh, Henry W.

    2000-01-01

    Provides information about Alexander Cameron Rutherford, a provincial politician. Includes a letter written by Rutherford in 1912 that provides insights into his responsibilities to the general public, information about Rutherford himself, the economic conditions of Alberta, Canada in 1912, and information about the individual to whom it was…

  4. How Alexander von Humboldt's life story can inspire innovative soil research in developing countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouma, Johan

    2017-09-01

    The pioneering vision of Alexander von Humboldt of science and society of the early 1800s is still highly relevant today. His open mind and urge to make many measurements characterizing the interconnected web of life are crucial ingredients as we now face the worldwide challenge of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Case studies in the Philippines, Vietnam, Kenya, Niger, and Costa Rica demonstrate, in Alexander's spirit, interaction with stakeholders and attention to unique local conditions, applying modern measurement and modeling methods and allowing inter- and transdisciplinary research approaches. But relations between science and society are increasingly problematic, partly as a result of the information revolution and post-truth, fact-free thinking. Overly regulated and financially restricted scientific communities in so-called developed countries may stifle intellectual creativity. Researchers in developing countries are urged to leapfrog these problems in the spirit of Alexander von Humboldt as they further develop their scientific communities. Six suggestions to the science community are made with particular attention to soil science. (The Humboldt lecture, presented by the 2017 recipient of the Alexander von Humboldt lecture, Johan Bouma, can be accessed at http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1" title="" class="ref">http://client.cntv.at/egu2017/ml1.)

  5. Stubb : EL saavutas Gruusia kriisi ajal palju / Alexander Stubb ; interv. Liisi Poll

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Soome välisministri Alexander Stubbiga, kes vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Euroopa Liidu positsiooni seoses Venemaa agressiooniga Gruusias ja Soome seisukohti seoses NATOga. Euroliidu reaktsioon Venemaa agressioonile Gruusias oli poliitiliselt tugev ja majanduslikult nõrk, arvab ta

  6. Obituary: Alexander (Andy) Franz Lubenow, 1956-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buie, Marc William

    2006-12-01

    Alexander (Andy) Franz Lubenow, Program Coordinator at the Space Telescope Science Institute, was diagnosed with cancer of the gallbladder, pancreas, and liver in May 2005 and died on 29 September 2005. He was forty-nine. Andy was born to Bodo and Helen Lubenow in St. Paul, Minnesota on 4 January 1956. In 1964 at the age of eight, he moved with his family to Buenos Aires, Argentina, and attended the American Community School there until returning with his family in 1973 to St. Paul. Argentina had a big impact on Andy's future as an astronomer. He later recalled how he had observed and was puzzled by the "upside-down" appearance of the Moon in the southern hemisphere. In Argentina, he built his first telescope using a mirror he had ground himself. He never parted ways with that instrument. Andy did not follow a standard educational track. He spent two years at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota, before transferring to the University of Minnesota, where he earned his bachelor's degree and began work towards a master's degree in astrophysics. Later he transferred to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he remained until Dr. Peter Stockman hired him to work on the Hubble Space Telescope project. While in school, he worked as a teacher's assistant, taught night school, and gave demonstrations of stargazing. He was an excellent teacher and had a flair for writing. He later wrote articles for a sailing magazine and a pilot's magazine. Andy was a very practical, meticulous, and steady worker, attributes that he combined with an understated and dry sense of humor. He was always able to find a way through a problem, no matter how sticky. If a job required him to roll up his sleeves and get it done through hard work, he would persevere. Nevertheless, he was always on the lookout for an easier way. He had no patience for being forced to deal with stupid things for stupid reasons. At work at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), Andy was

  7. Kriis ja töötus - mis päästaks Eesti majanduse? / Meelis Milder, Hardo Pajula, Tarmo Kriis, Juhan Parts ; intervjueerinud Külli-Riin Tigasson, Priit Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Vestlusringis räägitakse praeguse kriisiga seoses tööpuudusest, devalvatsioonist ja deflatsioonist, Eesti majanduse elavdamise paketist, siseturu toetamisest. Tarmo Kriisi sõnul tuleb teha kõik selleks, et mitte jätta unarusse neid, kes praegu töö kaotavad

  8. Suurriik üllatab kiire asjaajamisega. Brasiilias lööb läbi keeleoskuse ja emotsiooniga / Tarmo Nork ; üles kirjutanud Annika Matson ; kommenteerinud Allar Korjas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nork, Tarmo

    2011-01-01

    Ehitusvahte tootva Krimelte ekspordijuht räägib, kuidas jõuti oma toodangu eksportimiseni Brasiiliasse, milline on Brasiilia ärikultuur. Tarmo Norki ja Eesti aukonsuli São Paulos Jüri Saukase soovitusi, kuidas Brasiilias läbi lüüa

  9. Pärnu mudaravila restaureerimine ja juurdeehitus = Restoration and extension of the Pärnu mud baths / Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teedumäe, Tarmo, 1970-

    2015-01-01

    Restaureeritud ja uue juurdeehitusega Pärnu mudaravila Ranna puiestee 1, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Inga Raukas, Arhitektuuriagentuur, Allianss Arhitektid. Sisearhitektid Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Tuuli Trei, Margit Teikari (Vaikla Stuudio). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  10. Pärnu mudaravila restaureerimine ja juurdeehitus = Restoration and extension of the Pärnu mud baths / Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teedumäe, Tarmo, 1970-

    2015-01-01

    Restaureeritud ja uue juurdeehitusega Pärnu mudaravila Ranna puiestee 1, valminud 2014. Arhitektid Tarmo Teedumäe, Paco Ulman, Inga Raukas, Arhitektuuriagentuur, Allianss Arhitektid. Sisearhitektid Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Tuuli Trei, Margit Teikari (Vaikla Stuudio). 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  11. Iskusstvo upravlenija zapassami / Andrei Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Andrei

    2007-01-01

    Varude juhtimise süsteem. Majanduse kasvu aeglustumise tingimustes peavad ettevõtted kasvatama käivet kulusid vähendades. Tööjõu defitsiidi tingimustes ei saa kokku hoida palgafondi arvelt, kuid selle asemel saab viia miinimumi laovarud. Diagrammid. Kommenteerib Anatoli Polupan

  12. [Urology and National Socialism: the fate of Alexander von Lichtenberg 1880-1949].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moll, F H; Krischel, M; Rathert, P; Fangerau, H

    2010-09-01

    Alexander von Lichtenberg (1880-1949) was one of the famous members of the German Urological Society (DGU) in pre-war Germany. He introduced excretion urography and a special TURP Instrument. In 1928 he was president of the 8th meeting held in the German capital Berlin. His Handbook of Urology, released by Ferdinand Springer publishing house, was a trendsetter in establishing urology as a specialty in Germany and bringing together the whole wisdom of all aspects of urology. He was the founder of the famous Maximilian Nitze Award of the DGU. As a Jew he-like many others-was forced to leave Nazi Germany after 1933. Even in Hungary, his native country, he again had to resist anti-Semitic hostility. Later on he lived in Mexico. Alexander von Lichtenberg has to be remembered with special focus on the exodus of German Jewish scientists during the Nazi time.

  13. Der Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Schmuck

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der kurze, nicht vollständig erhaltene Briefwechsel zwischen Alexander von Humboldt und Karl Ernst von Baer behandelt sehr verschiedene Themen: Politik, Kriegsgefahr, den Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Auszeichnungen und Tagungen, Embryologie und Cholera. Gemeinsam mit Briefen und Reden ergibt sich dabei ein differenziertes Bild der Beurteilung der beiden Wissenschaftler durch den jeweils anderen. Während Baer sich als Bewunderer Humboldts erweist, erscheint umgekehrt Humboldts Einschätzung Baers als ambivalent. Abstract The short, not completely preserved correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ernst von Baer deals with a wide range of subjects: politics and the danger of war, academic activities, scientific awards and conferences, aspects of embryology and the cholera. Letters to third persons and speeches, together with the correspondence between Humboldt and Baer show a differentiated pattern of mutual appraisal: While Baer always remained an admirer of the elder naturalist, Humboldt’s estimation was characterized by ambivalence.

  14. Unterwegs zu einer Weltwissenschaft? Alexander von Humboldts Weltbegriffe und die transarealen Studien

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish.Alexander von Humboldt's world concepts inscribe themselves in the tradition of a reflexion on the second period of accerelated globalization during the second half of the 18th century. The polysemic structure of concepts like world consciousness (Weltbewusstsein is embetted in a vision, understanding and practice of science that can be described as transdisciplinary, intercultural, democraticaly popularizing, cosmopolitan, fractal and transregional. Alexander von Humboldt's new discourse on the Americas can be best understood as a fine example for TransArea Studies highlighting an area's characteristics by developing its relationships and dynamics within a worldwide network of informations, dependencies, exchanges and correspondances.

  15. Reflection in Russian public opinion accession to the throne of Emperor Alexander II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maxim N. Krot

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the perception of Russian society coming to the throne of Emperor Alexander II in 1855. The author analyzes the internal and external situation in Russia in this period, identifying the most significant factors that influenced the public's attitude to the new monarch, and the expectations that were associated with his coming to power. The article draws parallels between the initial period of the reign of the two liberal Russian monarchs of the XIX century – Alexander I and Alexander II, most clearly expressed not so much in the circumstances of their accession, but in the public mood that prevailed in the country. It presents a broad picture of the "awakening" of public consciousness and activity after the stagnation and oppression of the preceding reign, which was reflected primarily in an effort to think freely and to discuss pressing issues facing the country, as well as contribute to the supreme power in the modernization of social and political relations, awareness where necessary, at this time it becomes clearly. The author identifies semantic levels of social consciousness of the period, indicating the particular circumstances that have shaped them. Much attention is paid to the influence of Russian society of the Crimean War, which in many ways was the starting point of social upheaval transformed in 1855 from a national-patriotic in the socio-political. The author points out that at this time has unique conditions for overcoming the contradictions between state and society and their successful cooperation in the reform of the country. This suggests a significant, perhaps - the crucial role of the public in the selection of the vector conversion of Russia, which has become a feature of the reign of Alexander II.

  16. Berglinien im Vergleich. Bemerkungen zu einem klimageografischen Diagramm Alexander von Humboldts

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Zusammenfassung Der Artikel analysiert aus bildwissenschaftlicher und historischer Perspektive die unveröffentlichte Skizze zu einem Bergdiagramm aus dem handschriftlichen Nachlass Alexander von Humboldts. Das mehrfach beklebte Skizzenblatt stand im Zentrum klimageografischer Fragestellungen nach den Gründen für die weltweit unterschiedlich hohen Schneegrenzen in Gebirgen. Aufgrund des unfertigen, skizzenhaften Charakters des Diagramms lassen sich Fragen über den Forschungskontext des Dia...

  17. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain: economic evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollinghurst, Sandra; Sharp, Debbie; Ballard, Kathleen; Barnett, Jane; Beattie, Angela; Evans, Maggie; Lewith, George; Middleton, Karen; Oxford, Frances; Webley, Fran; Little, Paul

    2008-12-11

    An economic evaluation of therapeutic massage, exercise, and lessons in the Alexander technique for treating persistent back pain. Cost consequences study and cost effectiveness analysis at 12 month follow-up of a factorial randomised controlled trial. 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain recruited from primary care. Normal care (control), massage, and six or 24 lessons in the Alexander technique. Half of each group were randomised to a prescription for exercise from a doctor plus behavioural counselling from a nurse. Costs to the NHS and to participants. Comparison of costs with Roland-Morris disability score (number of activities impaired by pain), days in pain, and quality adjusted life years (QALYs). Comparison of NHS costs with QALY gain, using incremental cost effectiveness ratios and cost effectiveness acceptability curves. Intervention costs ranged from pound30 for exercise prescription to pound596 for 24 lessons in Alexander technique plus exercise. Cost of health services ranged from pound50 for 24 lessons in Alexander technique to pound124 for exercise. Incremental cost effectiveness analysis of single therapies showed that exercise offered best value ( pound61 per point on disability score, pound9 per additional pain-free day, pound2847 per QALY gain). For two-stage therapy, six lessons in Alexander technique combined with exercise was the best value (additional pound64 per point on disability score, pound43 per additional pain-free day, pound5332 per QALY gain). An exercise prescription and six lessons in Alexander technique alone were both more than 85% likely to be cost effective at values above pound20 000 per QALY, but the Alexander technique performed better than exercise on the full range of outcomes. A combination of six lessons in Alexander technique lessons followed by exercise was the most effective and cost effective option.

  18. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain

    OpenAIRE

    Little, Paul; Lewith, George; Webley, Fran; Evans, Maggie; Beattie, Angela; Middleton, Karen; Barnett, Jane; Ballard, Kathleen; Oxford, Frances; Smith, Peter; Yardley, Lucy; Hollinghurst, Sandra; Sharp, Debbie

    2008-01-01

    Objective To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise (exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain. Design Factorial randomised trial. Setting 64 general practices in England. Participants 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain; 144 were randomised to normal care, 147 to massage, 144 to six Alexander technique lessons...

  19. History and Pre-History of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Platikanov

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a short review of the history of Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Bonn - Bad Godesberg, Germany, on the occasion of its 60th anniversary is presented. This outstanding German foundation is actually the third one with the same name. Earlier two other Alexander von Humboldt Foundations consequently existed and they consist its pre-history, which is also shortly reviewed. The establishment of the present Foundation in 1953, its development and growth, its activities, information about the six presidents and five executive directors, as well as the main features, principles and guidelines are considered. During the last 60 years the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation became an important institution for the promotion of international research cooperation, which significantly influences the world science. It supported more than 27700 Humboldt fellows to carry out scientific research in Germany, and they form a large Humboldt family: a world-wide network. Large number Bulgarian Humboldt fellows are among the best scientists in Bulgaria.

  20. Lithium Decreases Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in a Mouse Model of Alexander Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaPash Daniels, Christine M; Paffenroth, Elizabeth; Austin, Elizabeth V; Glebov, Konstantin; Lewis, Diana; Walter, Jochen; Messing, Albee

    2015-01-01

    Alexander disease is a fatal neurodegenerative disease caused by mutations in the astrocyte intermediate filament glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The disease is characterized by elevated levels of GFAP and the formation of protein aggregates, known as Rosenthal fibers, within astrocytes. Lithium has previously been shown to decrease protein aggregates by increasing the autophagy pathway for protein degradation. In addition, lithium has also been reported to decrease activation of the transcription factor STAT3, which is a regulator of GFAP transcription and astrogliogenesis. Here we tested whether lithium treatment would decrease levels of GFAP in a mouse model of Alexander disease. Mice with the Gfap-R236H point mutation were fed lithium food pellets for 4 to 8 weeks. Four weeks of treatment with LiCl at 0.5% in food pellets decreased GFAP protein and transcripts in several brain regions, although with mild side effects and some mortality. Extending the duration of treatment to 8 weeks resulted in higher mortality, and again with a decrease in GFAP in the surviving animals. Indicators of autophagy, such as LC3, were not increased, suggesting that lithium may decrease levels of GFAP through other pathways. Lithium reduced the levels of phosphorylated STAT3, suggesting this as one pathway mediating the effects on GFAP. In conclusion, lithium has the potential to decrease GFAP levels in Alexander disease, but with a narrow therapeutic window separating efficacy and toxicity.

  1. Teachers' professional development needs and current practices at the Alexander Science Center School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gargus, Gerald Vincent

    This investigation represents an in-depth understanding of teacher professional development at the Alexander Science Center School, a dependent charter museum school established through a partnership between the California Science Center and Los Angeles Unified School District. Three methods of data collection were used. A survey was distributed and collected from the school's teachers, resulting in a prioritized list of teacher professional development needs, as well as a summary of teachers' opinions about the school's existing professional development program. In addition, six key stakeholders in the school's professional development program were interviewed for the study. Finally, documents related to the school's professional development program were analyzed. Data collected from the interviews and documents were used to develop an understand various components of the Alexander Science Center School's professional development program. Teachers identified seven areas that had a high-priority for future professional development including developing skills far working with below-grade-level students, improving the analytical skills of student in mathematics, working with English Language Learners, improving students' overall reading ability levels, developing teachers' content-area knowledge for science, integrating science across the curriculum, and incorporating hands-on activity-based learning strategies to teach science. Professional development needs identified by Alexander Science Center School teachers were categorized based on their focus on content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, or curricular knowledge. Analysis of data collected through interviews and documents revealed that the Alexander Science Center School's professional development program consisted of six venues for providing professional development for teachers including weekly "banked time" sessions taking place within the standard school day, grade-level meetings, teacher support

  2. Plutarcho Aleksandras: interpretacijos problemos. Plutarch‘s Alexander: Problems of Interpretation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nijolė Juchnevičienė

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Alexander‘ s character and his activities occupy a special position in the works of Plutarch. Alexander’s Life is the second largest life in the corpus, there are two elaborated speeches on him included into Moralia, and he is often mentioned in the other pieces of this corpus. The speeches, usually called De Alexandri Magni fortuna aut virtute (A and B, were written by the young Plutarch. They belong to the epideictic rhetoric tradition and are based on the opposition between the hero’s ἀρετήand τύχη, which was in general not favor­able to him. According to Plutarch, all Alexander’s life was a struggle between τύχη and ἀρ��τή. The speeches reveal the impressive portrait of Alexander not only as an invincible warrior, but also as a philosopher in arms, whose immortal achievements are the best proof of his ἀρετή. He managed to overcome the unfavorable τύχη and to civilize the world of the barbarians. There is a difference of interpretation of the character between the speeches and the Life. Alexander is not as perfect there as in the speeches, but his character still is in the center of the narration. The motive of ἀρετήvs. τύχη is also present and Plutarch still sticks to his earlier opinion that Alexander’s ἀρετή, not τύχη was the decisive factor in his life. Plutarch notices the changes in Alexander and his negative features, but at the same time, he tries to explain and extenuate his behavior pointing out to Alexander’s extreme valuation of his δόξα, which he regarded more important than the royal power and the life itself. In my opinion, Alexander’s attitude to his δόξα reveals the difference between the heroes of the pair, Alexander and Caesar. This differ­ence is also expanded in the detailed description of the post-mortal status and fate of their bodies, the effect that reminiscence of them makes on the living. I agree with the opinion, that Caesar is

  3. Alexander Fleming, citrated blood and penicillin: paths not pursued and applications delayed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimer, P P

    2009-12-01

    Ninety years ago Alexander Fleming (later to discover penicillin) jointly wrote a description of the use of indirect transfusions of citrated blood at a World War 1 (WW1) base hospital. It was the longest series yet to be published, incorporating what was then a novel procedure for treating war casualties. Returning to civilian life Fleming, a qualified surgeon and bacteriologist, chose a different career path, and not until the wars of the late 1930s were the advances in transfusion in WW1 fully incorporated into the management of trauma and haemorrhage. Like penicillin, the benefits of indirect transfusion were only slowly realised.

  4. The presentation of the results of Alexander von Humboldt's voyage to Carlos IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel Puig-Samper

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Resumen  Desde nuestras primeras investigaciones sobre la estancia de Alexander von Humboldt en España siempre nos sorprendió la ausencia de una mínima relación posterior del sabio prusiano con la corona española y sus autoridades. Iniciada una nueva investigación, encontramos que efectivamente se produjo el envío de un primer trabajo a Carlos IV desde Roma acompañado de una carta de gratitud por la protección recibida durante su viaje americano y de sumisión a la corona española, que ahora presentamos.   Summary Ever since our first research into Alexander von Humboldt's stay in Spain, the absence of an ensuing relationship between the wise Prussian and the Spanish Crown and Authorities had always surprised us. On starting new research, we found that indeed he sent his first work to Carlos IV from Rome accompanied by a letter of gratitude for the protection he had received during his American trip and submission to the Spanish Crown, which we now present. This first literary fruit of his voyage, which Alexander von Humboldt alluded to in the letter is the first instalment of his work Plantes Équinoxiales, Recueillies au Mexique, dans l’ile de Cuba, dans les provinces de Caracas, de Cumana etc., published in Paris in 1805.   Zusammenfassung Seit unseren ersten Forschungen über den Aufenthalt Alexander von Humboldts in Spanien hat uns das Fehlen einer hieran anschließenden Beziehung des preußischen Wissenschaftlers mit der spanischen Krone und ihren Behörden erstaunt. Im Laufe einer erneuten Aufnahme der Forschung, haben wir nun entdeckt, dass Humboldt in der Tat von Rom aus eine erste Arbeit an Karl IV gesandt hatte, zusammen mit einem Schreiben des Dankes (für den während der amerikanischen Reise erhaltenen Schutz sowie seiner Unterordnung unter die spanische Krone, das wir nun präsentieren. Das erste literarische Ergebnis seiner Reise, auf das Humboldt in diesem Brief verweist, ist der erste Faszikel seines Werkes

  5. Das Ganze der Natur Alexander von Humboldt und das romantische Forschungsprogramm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristian Köchy

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish. The wholeness of natureAlexander von Humboldt and the romantic research programIt does not seem to be clear whether there is a tight junction between the humboldian science and the romantic research program. But by recognizing the principal aim of Humboldts concept – the representation of nature as a whole – one can see how Humboldts view has been developed in contact with romantic ideas. This investigation analyses Humboldts research program in consideration of its main features and the special relations between science, philosophy of nature, feeling of nature, history and art.

  6. Rar o koshmare ili intervju, kotorogo ne bõlo / Alexander Rahr ; interv. Jana Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus 2007. a. aprillisündmustele pühendatud V Kodurahu foorum. Esinejate hulgas oli ka tuntud Saksa politoloog Alexander Rahr, kes Eestisse saabus loenguga teemal "Saksamaa-Venemaa: strateegilise partnerluse ülesehitamise kogemused". Lääneriigid on veendunud, et NATO ja Euroopa Liidu laienemine tugevdab ja konsolideerib demokraatlikku Euroopat, kuid Venemaad uude Euroopasse mitteintegreerides teeb Lääs strateegilise vea, mille eest tasumine jääb järgnevatele põlvedele. Kahjuks aitab eneseisolatsioonile kaasa ka Moskva tegevus. Euroopa ühise kodu idee, vanade ja uute Euroopa Liidu liikmete suhted Venemaaga, teemad, mis vajaksid kogu Euroopa koostööd

  7. Professor Robert McNeill Alexander CBE FRS (1934-2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ker, Robert F

    2016-07-01

    Robert McNeill Alexander, known to friends and colleagues as 'Neill', was a zoologist with an engineer's eye for how animals work. He used mathematical models to show how evolution has produced optimal designs. His skill was to choose appropriate models: realistic enough to contain the essence of a problem and yet simple enough to be tractable. He wrote fluently and easily: 23 books, 280 papers and a CD-ROM entitled How Animals Move. © 2016. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

  8. CULTURES OF ANARCHY: ALEXANDER WENDT, CONSTRUCTIVISM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR

    OpenAIRE

    DAVID NICOLAU VIGNA LEHMANN

    2003-01-01

    A tese aborda a teoria construtivista de Alexander Wendt e o debate teórico em torno da guerra fria, particularmente de seu final, enfatizando o caráter social do sistema internacional, e as diversas formas que esta estrutura de conhecimento compartilhado pode assumir: as culturas da anarquia. Analisando o Novo Pensamento como uma ação crítica, reflexiva, e utilizando as ferramentas do interacionismo simbólico, a teoria idealista e estrutural de Wendt abr...

  9. Rar o koshmare ili intervju, kotorogo ne bõlo / Alexander Rahr ; interv. Jana Toom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus 2007. a. aprillisündmustele pühendatud V Kodurahu foorum. Esinejate hulgas oli ka tuntud Saksa politoloog Alexander Rahr, kes Eestisse saabus loenguga teemal "Saksamaa-Venemaa: strateegilise partnerluse ülesehitamise kogemused". Lääneriigid on veendunud, et NATO ja Euroopa Liidu laienemine tugevdab ja konsolideerib demokraatlikku Euroopat, kuid Venemaad uude Euroopasse mitteintegreerides teeb Lääs strateegilise vea, mille eest tasumine jääb järgnevatele põlvedele. Kahjuks aitab eneseisolatsioonile kaasa ka Moskva tegevus. Euroopa ühise kodu idee, vanade ja uute Euroopa Liidu liikmete suhted Venemaaga, teemad, mis vajaksid kogu Euroopa koostööd

  10. Alexander Dalgarno

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Jane L.

    Alex Dalgarno saved my career. I entered the Graduate School at Harvard in the Chemistry Department in September of 1973 from the University of Michigan, where I had (unfortunately) majored in Chemistry. Chemistry is considered a "laboratory science" but I had no talent in the laboratory. I had merely fallen in love with the ideal gas law in high school, and I had stubbornly allowed this to determine my course of studies, most of which had nothing to do with the ideal gas law, and much of which was focused on laboratory studies...

  11. Alexander Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Translational Research Research at NINDS Focus on Research Alzheimer's & Related Dementias Bioengineering Epilepsy Health Disparities Neural Interfaces Parkinson's Disease Spinal Cord Injury Stem Cells Traumatic Brain Injury Trans-Agency Activities Interagency Research ...

  12. Identität und Differenz Goethes Faust und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Krumpel

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and GermanIn the article “Identity and difference between Goethe`s Faust and Alexander von Humboldt” the issue of how much Faust is contained in Humboldt and in which way Goethe`s Faust has to be related to Alexander von Humboldt is discussed. Here the connection of activity, knowledge and vision as well as the relationship between humans and nature are central to the examination. Goethe and Humboldt were greatly influenced by the enlightenment. Their ideas and visions show us today that modernity is an incomplete project. In Goethe`s Faust the question of the essence of mankind is posed because there is a hint of Faust and Mephisto in each human. With Humboldt those principles acted among other things as a driving force for greater productitivity and the extraction of knowledge. Even though Faust did not fail in his bet with Mephisto, on the other hand he also did not win. Humboldt, however, would have won the bet. Considering the global ecological crisis and regional conflicts today the idea of the relation of Goethe´s Faust and Humboldt has an astonishing relevance.

  13. UKRAINIAN HUT AS THE ARCHETYPAL MODEL IN THE WORKS OF ALEXANDER DOVZHENKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YEVSEYEVA H. P.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Raising of problem. Archetypal model of national dwelling is the basic and determining element of material and spiritual culture, because design features, decorative artwork, ornamentation housing, amulet symbols as elements of the home’s interior structure the ideological system and act as a kind of code for understanding the primary landmark of the national worldview. The purpose. Identify the main components of the design features of the Ukrainian house image on the material of the story "Izba" and the tale "the Enchanted Desna" Alexander Dovzhenko. Conclusions. Research of reproduction features of the Ukrainian hut image in the art world of Alexander Dovzhenko allowed to structure arhetipo model of national dwelling, which appears as the center of the universe and as the source of all organic life forms. Antagonism of the profane and of the sacred can be solved through a paradoxical focus of such binary oppositions as power/spiritual strength, closeness/openness. An important means of the essential characteristics revealing of the house image is the apophaticism device.

  14. Trace element analysis of Alexander the Great's silver tetradrachms minted in Macedonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallithrakas-Kontos, N.; Katsanos, A. A.; Touratsoglou, J.

    2000-11-01

    The coinage of Alexander the Great presents a special interest because of its international character in the frame of the ancient times. At least 31 mints (from Aigai to Babylon and from Pella to Alexandreia) operated in the vast state, which was created by Alexander in just over 10 years (334-323 BC). Impressive quantities of tetradrachms were consequently minted for the economic affairs of an expanding state. The mints continued to be active and after the premature death of the Macedonian king, producing among others and tetradrachms in his name. The elemental chemical composition of silver tetradrachms minted in Amphipolis as well as in other Macedonian Greek cities was analysed by energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF), and 12 elements were determined. The problem of the patina (silver corrosion layer) effects on the results was examined by analysis before and after the corrosion product removal. From the results of the chemical composition, a similar numismatic policy is deduced for all the analysed coin as well as metal provenance indications for some of the coins.

  15. Book review: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics by Alexander Lerch

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sturm, Bob L.

    2013-01-01

    A critical review of the book: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics, by Alexander Lerch, October 2012, Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 978-1-118-26682-3, Hardcover, 272 pages, 503 references. List price $125.00......A critical review of the book: An Introduction to Audio Content Analysis: Applications in Signal Processing and Music Informatics, by Alexander Lerch, October 2012, Wiley-IEEE Press. ISBN: 978-1-118-26682-3, Hardcover, 272 pages, 503 references. List price $125.00...

  16. Using Visible Spectral Information to Predict Long-Wave Infrared Spectral Emissivity: A Case Study over the Sokolov Area of the Czech Republic with an Airborne Hyperspectral Scanner Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gila Notesco

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Remote-sensing platforms are often comprised of a cluster of different spectral range detectors or sensors to benefit from the spectral identification capabilities of each range. Missing data from these platforms, caused by problematic weather conditions, such as clouds, sensor failure, low temporal coverage or a narrow field of view (FOV, is one of the problems preventing proper monitoring of the Earth. One of the possible solutions is predicting a detector or sensor’s missing data using another detector/sensor. In this paper, we propose a new method of predicting spectral emissivity in the long-wave infrared (LWIR spectral region using the visible (VIS spectral region. The proposed method is suitable for two main scenarios of missing data: sensor malfunctions and narrow FOV. We demonstrate the usefulness and limitations of this prediction scheme using the airborne hyperspectral scanner (AHS sensor, which consists of both VIS and LWIR spectral regions, in a case study over the Sokolov area, Czech Republic.

  17. Aimdusi tsivilisatsioonist / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Esilinastus 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  18. Kreutzwaldi radadel / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Sirbi toimetuse ringreisi marsruut: Jõepere-Müüsleri-Kääpa jõgi-Kalevipoja Muuseum-Kalevipoja säng-Kreutzwaldi haud Raadi kalmistul ja Kalevipoja kuju Tartus-Dr. Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi Memoriaalmuuseum Võrus-Saadjärve. F. R. Kreuzwaldi monumendist Jõeperes, hauast Raadi kalmistul ja muuseumist Võrus (1941), taasloodud Kalevipoja kujust Tartus (E. Väli) ja Glehni pargis, Müüsleri parki kavandatavast Kilplalast, Kääpa jõest, Kalevipoja toolist, muuseumist (2002) ja sängist, F. R. Kreutzwaldile püstitatud mälestussambad (A. Adamson, Võru, 1926, A. Eller, Rakvere, 1937, J. Hirv, M. Saks, Tartu,1952, J. Raudsepp, Jõepere, 1953, E. Taniloo, M. Saks, Tallinn, 1958)

  19. [Raamat] / Tarmo Rajamets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajamets, Tarmo, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Tutvustus: Robbe-Grillet, Alain. Džinn : punane auk ebaühtlaste sillutuskivide vahel : moodsa aja lugemik = Djinn : un trou rouge entre les pavés disjoints / Heli Alliku tõlge. [Tallinn] : Valgus, 2004. (Homo ludens)

  20. Alaseljavalu perearstipraksises / Tarmo Peda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Peda, Tarmo

    2007-01-01

    Retrospektiivuuringu eesmärgiks oli kirjeldada ja analüüsida ägeda alaseljavaluga patsientide pöördumiste sagedasemaid põhjuseid, sõltuvalt patsiendi vanusest, soost ja tehtava töö iseloomust. Juhendaja dr Mare Peda

  1. Sula mesi / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Lühimängufilm "Majakas" : stsenarist, produtsent ja režissöör A. Valtoni novelli järgi Toomas Sula : operaator Mait Mäekivi : kaasprodutsent Eliane Stutterheim : Nikodemus Film ja TNS Productions (Prantsusmaa) 2001

  2. Jõud saalist / Tarmo Tiits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiits, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Jõuharjutusi naistele ja meestele. Järgneb 2006 nr. 1, lk. 34-43, nr. 2, lk. 40-47, nr. 3, lk. 40-49, nr. 4, lk. 38-47, nr. 5, lk. 38-48, nr. 6, lk. 39-49, 2007. nr. 1, lk. 38-46, nr. 2, lk. 40-49 (alates 2006. a. nr. 3, autor Jaana Junson)

  3. Perseahvide paraad / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2002-01-01

    Arkaadia järjejutust, ilmus juuni-august 2002 Eesti Päevalehes, autorid: Wimberg, Veiko Märka, Urmas Vadi, Jürgen Rooste, Aapo Ilves, Aarne Ruben, Matt Barker, Hedda Maurer, Ivar Sild, Karen Orlau, Indrek Hargla, Jan Kaus, Mehis Heinsaar; Areeni järjejutust (pealk. Mehe ettekujutus võrdõiguslikkusest), ilmus märts-juuni 2002 Eesti Ekspressis, autorid: Tõnu Kaalep, Harry Liivrand, Barbi Pilvre

  4. [Raamat] / Tarmo Rajamets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rajamets, Tarmo, 1969-

    2004-01-01

    Tutvustus: Robbe-Grillet, Alain. Džinn : punane auk ebaühtlaste sillutuskivide vahel : moodsa aja lugemik = Djinn : un trou rouge entre les pavés disjoints / Heli Alliku tõlge. [Tallinn] : Valgus, 2004. (Homo ludens)

  5. Romaanirindel muutustega / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Romaanivõistluse võitjatest: I koht - Aarne Rubeni ""Volta" annab kaeblikku vilet"; II koht - Leo Kunnase "Sõdurjumala teener"; III koht - Maimu Veske "Continental" ja Lehte Hainsalu "Kellakuuljad"; Ulmekirjanduse eripreemia Varrakult - Indrek Hargla "Baiita needus". Esiletõstetud tööd: Lembit Uustulndi "Süvameri"; Wimbergi [Jaak Urmet] "Lipamäe"; Maarja Oderi "Inglinägu"; Aarne Biini "Kuningavesi"; Reet Kudu "Täiskuu ja tänavalatern"; Erik Tohvri [Hans-Erik Laansalu] "Majad jõe ääres"; Tambet Tamme "Suur tühemik"; Erik Tohvri [Hans-Erik Laansalu] "Kollaste lehtede aegu"; Maniakkide tänav, pseud. "Mu aknad on puust..."

  6. Kreutzwaldi radadel / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Sirbi toimetuse ringreisi marsruut: Jõepere-Müüsleri-Kääpa jõgi-Kalevipoja Muuseum-Kalevipoja säng-Kreutzwaldi haud Raadi kalmistul ja Kalevipoja kuju Tartus-Dr. Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi Memoriaalmuuseum Võrus-Saadjärve. F. R. Kreuzwaldi monumendist Jõeperes, hauast Raadi kalmistul ja muuseumist Võrus (1941), taasloodud Kalevipoja kujust Tartus (E. Väli) ja Glehni pargis, Müüsleri parki kavandatavast Kilplalast, Kääpa jõest, Kalevipoja toolist, muuseumist (2002) ja sängist, F. R. Kreutzwaldile püstitatud mälestussambad (A. Adamson, Võru, 1926, A. Eller, Rakvere, 1937, J. Hirv, M. Saks, Tartu,1952, J. Raudsepp, Jõepere, 1953, E. Taniloo, M. Saks, Tallinn, 1958)

  7. Mythorealistic Concept of "Beautiful Lady" in the Structure of the Author's Identity (Based on the Diaries of Alexander Blok)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minets, Diana

    2016-01-01

    The present paper deals with the diaries of Alexander Blok dated 1901-1921 reflecting the process of the writer's self-identification. During 20 years under the influence of various social and cultural situations Blok's "Self-Conception" is undergoing significant changes. The vector of these changes shows the complicated evolution of the…

  8. Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwee Hui Kian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942 (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 291; Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2014, xxiv + 442 pp., ISBN 978 90 04 25657 6.

  9. The Four Domains of Moral Education: The Contributions of Dewey, Alexander and Goleman to a Comprehensive Taxonomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zigler, Ronald Lee

    1998-01-01

    Attempts to place a neglected dimension of John Dewey's work into its proper context. Examines the works of Dewey, F. Matthias Alexander, and Daniel Goldman to create four domains that must be addressed by a truly comprehensive model of moral education: direct external, indirect external, direct internal, and indirect internal. (DSK)

  10. Brookhaven Lab physicists Edward Beebe and Alexander Pikin win 'Brightness Award' for achievement in ion source physics and technology

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Edward Beebe and Alexander Pikin, physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, have been awarded the Ion Source Prize, known as the "Brightness Award," which recognizes and encourages innovative and significant recent achievements in the fields of ion source physics and technology" (1 page).

  11. Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwee Hui Kian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942 (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 291; Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2014, xxiv + 442 pp., ISBN 978 90 04 25657 6.

  12. Speciation despite globally overlapping distributions in Penicillium chrysogenum: the population genetics of Alexander Fleming’s lucky fungus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eighty years ago, Alexander Fleming described the antibiotic effects of a fungus that had contaminated his bacterial culture, kick starting the antimicrobial revolution. The fungus was later ascribed to a globally distributed asexual species, Penicillium chrysogenum. Recently, the species has been...

  13. Growing Community: The Impact of the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program on the Social and Learning Environment in Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Karen; Gibbs, Lisa; Staiger, Petra K.; Gold, Lisa; Johnson, Britt; Macfarlane, Susie; Long, Caroline; Townsend, Mardie

    2012-01-01

    This article presents results from a mixed-method evaluation of a structured cooking and gardening program in Australian primary schools, focusing on program impacts on the social and learning environment of the school. In particular, we address the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program objective of providing a pleasurable experience that has…

  14. Political Economy, Alexander Von Humboldt, and Mexico’s 1810 and 1910 Revolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Weiner

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This article, which is informed by Steve Pincus’ scholarship on revolution, engages in the novelendeavor of comparing Mexico’s 1810 and 1910 Revolutions. The article explores broad parallelsbetween the two upheavals, and highlights significant features of Mexico’s Revolutions thatscholars have ignored. Alexander von Humboldt’s Ensayo político sobre el reino de la NuevaEspaña proved to be influential in both of Mexico’s Revolutions, albeit in distinct ways in eachcase. Conflicts over political economy were also central aspects of each Revolution. Theseeconomic disagreements sometimes pitted revolutionists against traditionalists, and sometimesdivided revolutionists against each other. Even if revolutionists differed in terms of economicvisions, they were all “statists” in the sense that they designated an important role for governmentin fostering economic and social modernization.

  15. NATUREZA EM ALEXANDER VON HUMBOLDT: entre a ontologia e o empirismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Vitte

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el papel del materialismo y la Naturphilosophie en la construcción del concepto de naturaleza en Alexander von Humboldt. De la reelaboración de las concepciones empirista y materialista de la naturaleza y entrar en un concepción ontológica, los avances de Humboldt y permite un análisis más profundo en la superfi cie de la tierra y sus procesos, crea una nueva ciencia y la creación de la imagen moderna de una naturaleza más allá del mecanismo. Geografía, es este producto y refl exión requiere una sólida base metafísica que permitió a la misma Humboldt recrear los conceptos de la Tierra y el Mundo.

  16. Die Entstehung einer Legende. Alexander von Humboldts angeblicher Ausspruch über Salzburg.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Hoffmann

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstract in English.This paper sheds light on the history of the quotation “I regard the environs of Salzburg, Naples, and Constantinople as the most beautiful on earth”, which is usually attributed to Alexander von Humboldt. The author shows that Humboldt’s alleged praise of Salzburg first appeared around 1870, and thus the quotation cannot be regarded as authentic. As a local legend it was meant to connect permanently the famous name of Humboldt with that of the growing centre of tourism. The circumstances under which the quotation found its way into the literature remain to be investigated; however, it seems clear that this can be seen as a typical example of what Eric Hobsbawm has called „invention of tradition“. Invented traditions – this might comfort the tourist industry of Salzburg – have particularly long lives.

  17. From Alexander von Humboldt to Frederic Edwin Church: Voyages of Scientific Exploration and Artistic Creativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Baron

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in English, Abstracts in Spanish, German and English.Stephen Jay Gould wrote recently that “when Church began to paint his great canvases, Alexander von Humboldt may well have been the world’s most famous and influential intellectual.” Humboldt’s influence in the case of the landscape artist Church is especially interesting. If we examine the precise relationship between the German explorer and his American admirer, we gain an insight into how Humboldt transformed Church’s life and signaled a new phase in the career of the artist. Church retraced Humboldt’s travels in Ecuador and in Mexico. If we compare the texts available to Church and the comparison of Church’s paintings and the texts and images of Humboldt’s works we can arrive at new perspectives on Humboldt’s extraordinary influence on American landscape painting in the nineteenth century.

  18. Finding revelation in anthropology: Alexander Winchell, William Robertson Smith and the heretical imperative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Livingstone, David N

    2015-09-01

    Anthropological inquiry has often been considered an agent of intellectual secularization. Not least is this so in the sphere of religion, where anthropological accounts have often been taken to represent the triumph of naturalism. This metanarrative, however, fails to recognize that naturalistic explanations could sometimes be espoused for religious purposes and in defence of confessional creeds. This essay examines two late nineteenth-century figures--Alexander Winchell in the United States and William Robertson Smith in Britain--who found in anthropological analysis resources to bolster rather than undermine faith. In both cases these individuals found themselves on the receiving end of ecclesiastical censure and were dismissed from their positions at church-governed institutions. But their motivation was to vindicate divine revelation, in Winchell's case from the physical anthropology of human origins and in Smith's from the cultural anthropology of Semitic ritual.

  19. Fibrinoid leukodystrophy (Alexander's disease-like disorder) in a young adult French bulldog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Tsuyoshi; Uchida, Kazuyuki; Nakamura, Masatoshi; Nakashima, Ko; Suzuki, Kazuhiko; Nakayama, Hiroyuki

    2010-10-01

    The paper describes clinical and pathological features of Alexander's disease (AD)-like disorder in a 1 year and 8 months old French bulldog. Clinically, the dog exhibited megaesophagus, emaciation and weakness without any specific neurological symptoms. The dog died of aspiration pneumonia. On the gross observation of formalin-fixed brain, discolored foci were observed in the white matter of the cerebellum and brain stem. Histologically, numerous Rothenthal fibers and hypertrophic astrocytes were distributed especially in the perivascular, subependymal and subpial area of both the cerebrum and cerebellum. The Rosenthal fibers were intensely immunopositive for GFAP and ubiquitin. Demyelination of the white matter was occasionally found in the brain stem. The present case is likely to be categorized in the adult form of AD, though previous AD-like cases in dogs were in the juvenile form.

  20. Cretaceous (Late Albian) coniferales of Alexander Island, Antarctica. 2. Leaves, reproductive structures and roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantrill, D J.; Falcon-Lang, H J.

    2001-06-01

    Coniferous foliage from the Albian of Alexander Island, Antarctica, is assigned to the Araucariaceae, Podocarpaceae, and Taxodiaceae based on attached or associated fertile remains. Araucarian foliage represented by Araucaria alexandrensis sp. nov. and A. chambersii sp. nov. is associated with ovulate cone scales described as Araucarites wollemiaformis sp. nov. and A. citadelbastionensis sp. nov., respectively. The Podocarpaceae is represented by Bellingshausium willeyii sp. nov. and the Taxodiaceae by Athrotaxites ungeri, both with attached cones. Sterile foliage is widespread belonging to the form genera Podozamites, Elatocladus, Brachyphyllum and Pagiophyllum. The conifers in this Albian southern high-latitude flora make up ca. 15% of the species diversity. Evidence from leaf litter distribution on palaeosols and leaf morphology suggest that the majority of conifers were large canopy-forming trees, although a few were probably small understorey shrubs.

  1. Alexander Kluge y Theodor W. Adorno: Industria Cultural, Cine y Contraesferas Públicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugenia Roldán

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El propósito del presente escrito es preguntarnos por el campo complejo que se abre en la confluencia de las trayectorias de Alexander Kluge y Theodor W. Adorno. Desarrollaremos, en primer lugar, algunos hitos históricos que permitan situarnos en el contexto de ese acercamiento. Luego, tomando como punto de partida el problema clave de la referencialidad de la imagen que, tanto para Kluge como para Adorno es central en las reflexiones sobre una estética propia del cine, abordaremos cuatro temas que consideramos nos permiten repensar las relaciones de los dos teóricos: palabra e imagen, la idea de montaje, imagen y experiencia subjetiva y la cuestión de la recepción.

  2. Alexander Numan (1780-1852 en de veredeling van de Nederlandse schapenrassen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesper Oldenburger

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Numan and the improvement of the Dutch sheep breedsAlexander Numan’s life and work provide a splendid illustration of the early nineteenth-century Dutch scientist’s view of the role of science and scientists in society. As a professor at the Utrecht veterinary school he spent a substantial part of his time on a practical endeavour: the improvement of the wool quality of the Dutch sheep breeds. He did not confine his activities to the scientific aspects only, but aimed to obtain the active involvement of all relevant stakeholders in his project: the government, the sheep farmers and the wool industry.In the literature, Numan’s project is seen as a failure: the stakeholders were skeptical about his project from the beginning, as wool improvement was seen as a misguided aim. The Dutch wool industry was perfectly satisfied with the quality of the Dutch wool, and the trend among sheep breeders was to improve their sheeps’ meat meat quality rather than their wool. Eventually, the government withdrew its indispensable support.Nevertheless, Numan clung doggedly to the aim he had set himself, and the question we want to answer is this paper is why. We argue that the answer is to be found in Numan’s view of the role of science in society. His motives were not merely economic, but, first and foremost, of a moral nature. Wool quality, for him, was a measure of the level of civilization a country had reached. Social and cultural progress went hand in hand with the availability of higher quality clothing, the raw materials for which the Dutch sheep were as yet unable to provide. By providing these materials Numan was convinced to contribute directly to the well-being and cultural enhancement of the Dutch population, an objective that was characteristic of the self-fashioned private and public persona of the early nineteenth-century Dutch scientist.

  3. Screening for GFAP rearrangements in a cohort of Alexander disease and undetermined leukoencephalopathy patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Marie-Céleste; Dorboz, Imen; Rodriguez, Diana; Boespflug Tanguy, Odile

    2015-09-01

    Alexander disease (AxD), a fatal degenerative leukoencephalopathy, is caused by de novo heterozygous missense mutations in the Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) gene. The pathological hallmark of the disease is the presence of Rosenthal fibers, cytoplasmic inclusions in astrocytes, composed mainly of GFAP, αB-crystallin and HSP27. To date, several patients with a typical presentation of the disease or displaying characteristic Rosenthal fibers in brain material have been reported with no GFAP mutation. Recently, several studies have demonstrated a correlation between Rosenthal fiber formation and wild-type GFAP overexpression, despite the absence of mutations. We tested the hypothesis that a GFAP gene rearrangement could modulate AxD severity or promote GFAP overexpression and aggregation, resulting in leukoencephalopathy. A QMPSF assay was validated for 11 exonic fragments: 3 in control genes (CFTR, DSCR1, F9) and 8 corresponding to GFAP exons. A total of 97 patients suspected of AxD were analyzed: 28 with a GFAP mutation; 69 with clinical and magnetic resonance imaging criteria compatible with the disease. Neither duplications nor deletions of GFAP were found, suggesting that GFAP coding-region rearrangements may not be involved in AxD or Alexander-related leukoencephalopathies. In addition, 80 patients with undetermined leukodystrophies, and negative for PLP1, GJA12, Sox10 and MCT8 mutations and PLP1 and Lamin B1 rearrangements, were tested. These patients were also negative for GFAP rearrangements. Other hypotheses should be investigated for a molecular diagnosis in patients with undetermined leukoencephalopathy: mutations in GFAP isoforms, splicing sites or regulatory regions, or defaults in genes encoding molecular partners of GFAP. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Mineral Classification of Land Surface Using Multispectral LWIR and Hyperspectral SWIR Remote-Sensing Data. A Case Study over the Sokolov Lignite Open-Pit Mines, the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gila Notesco

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Remote-sensing techniques offer an efficient alternative for mapping mining environments and assessing the impacts of mining activities. Airborne multispectral data in the thermal region and hyperspectral data in the optical region, acquired with the Airborne Hyperspectral Scanner (AHS sensor over the Sokolov lignite open-pit mines in the Czech Republic, were analyzed. The emissivity spectrum was calculated for each vegetation-free land pixel in the longwave infrared (LWIR-region image using the surface-emitted radiation, and the reflectance spectrum was derived from the visible, near-infrared and shortwave-infrared (VNIR–SWIR-region image using the solar radiation reflected from the surface, after applying atmospheric correction. The combination of calculated emissivity, with the ability to detect quartz, and SWIR reflectance spectra, detecting phyllosilicates and kaolinite in particular, enabled estimating the content of the dominant minerals in the exposed surface. The difference between the emissivity values at λ = 9.68 µm and 8.77 µm was found to be a useful index for estimating the relative amount of quartz in each land pixel in the LWIR image. The absorption depth at around 2.2 µm in the reflectance spectra was used to estimate the relative amount of kaolinite in each land pixel in the SWIR image. The resulting maps of the spatial distribution of quartz and kaolinite were found to be in accordance with the geological nature and origin of the exposed surfaces and demonstrated the benefit of using data from both thermal and optical spectral regions to map the abundance of the major minerals around the mines.

  5. Berglinien im Vergleich. Bemerkungen zu einem klimageografischen Diagramm Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgit Schneider

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der Artikel analysiert aus bildwissenschaftlicher und historischer Perspektive die unveröffentlichte Skizze zu einem Bergdiagramm aus dem handschriftlichen Nachlass Alexander von Humboldts. Das mehrfach beklebte Skizzenblatt stand im Zentrum klimageografischer Fragestellungen nach den Gründen für die weltweit unterschiedlich hohen Schneegrenzen in Gebirgen. Aufgrund des unfertigen, skizzenhaften Charakters des Diagramms lassen sich Fragen über den Forschungskontext des Diagramms, den epistemischen Stellenwert zeichnerischer Praktiken sowie über die heuristische Rolle der Berge und ihrer charakteristischen Profillinien in Humboldts Forschungen stellen. Gezeigt wird, wie das visuelle Denken und das Interesse Humboldts an neuen grafischen Methoden zu einer wichtigen Bedingung wurden, um die holistische Synopsis der Welt als ökologisches System erforschen und darstellen zu können. Abstract The article analyses from a visual studies and historical perspective the unpublished sketch of a mountain profile found among the handwritten papers of Alexander von Humboldt’s estate. The small sheet of sketches, with its pasted additions, was at the heart of climatic-geographic academic enquiry into the reasons for worldwide differences in the levels of mountain snow lines. The unfinished, sketchy nature of the diagramme raises questions about its research context, about the epistemic value of draughtsmanship practice and about the heuristic role of mountains and their characteristic profiles in Humboldt’s research. It becomes evident how Humboldt’s visual logic and his interest in new forms of graphics became important factors in investigation and depiction of the world as an ecological system. Resumen En el artículo se analizan los bocetos sin publicar de perspectivas históricas y de la ciencia de la imagen del diagrama montañoso de las obras póstumas escritas a mano de Alexander von Humboldt. La hoja de bocetos pegada de

  6. Unterwegs zum Weltbewußtsein. Alexander von Humboldts Wissenschaftsverständnis und die Entstehung einer ethisch fundierten Weltanschauung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and Spanish. Towards Global Consciousness. Alexander von Humboldt's Conception of Science and the emerging ethical Weltanschauung. In the context of recent reflections upon global ethics (Hans Küng, global democracy (Otfried Höffe and a new cultural situation after the end of the Cold War (Clifford Geertz, Alexander von Humboldt's concept of global consciousness (Weltbewußtsein marks a decisive point in the ungoing process of the construction of a new ethics of globalization. This article tries to show how Humboldt's transdisciplinary and intercultural conception of sience as WorldWideWeb integrates Kant's philosophical visions of global political institutions and formulates a critique of the non-empirical foundations of Hegel's teleological Weltanschauung. From his Visions of Nature and his Personal Narrative to his Cosmos, Humboldt's theory and practice of science help us to find a new ethos and new answers to the contemporary questions of divergent modernities.

  7. [Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garleff, Michael, 1940-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003. Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007

  8. Der Aachener Kongreß und das Scheitern der indischen Reisepläne Alexander von Humboldts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt-R. Biermann

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and Spanish.This article argues that a "Memoir about the Spanish Colonies in South America" allegedly written by Alexander von Humboldt in 1818 for the Holy Alliance’s Conference at Aix-la-Chapelle in reality never existed and therefore could not serve as an impediment to Humboldt’s effort to visit India.

  9. The Russian secret service and King Alexander Obrenović of Serbia (1900-1903

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajić Suzana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The period of 1900-1903 saw three phases of cooperation between the Rus­sian Secret Service (Okhrana and King Alexander Obrenović of Serbia. It is safe to say that the Secret Service operated in Serbia as an extended arm of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, i.e. of its diplomatic mission in Belgrade. Its goal was to fortify the position of Russia in Serbia after King Alexander’s wedding and the departure of his father, ex-King Milan (who abdicated in 1889 in favour of his minor son, from the country. The Serbian King, however, benefited little from the cooperation, because he did not receive assistance from the Secret Service when he needed it most. Thus, the issue of conspiracy against his life was lightly treated throughout 1902 until his assassination in 1903. In the third and last period of cooperation, from the beginning of 1902 until the King’s assassination on 11 June 1903,1 the Russian ministries of Internal and Foreign Affairs forbade the agents to receive money from the Serbian King and relieved them of any duty regarding the protection of his life. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 177014: Serbian nation: Integrating and disintegrating processes

  10. Speciation despite globally overlapping distributions in Penicillium chrysogenum: the population genetics of Alexander Fleming's lucky fungus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henk, D A; Eagle, C E; Brown, K; Van Den Berg, M A; Dyer, P S; Peterson, S W; Fisher, M C

    2011-10-01

    Eighty years ago, Alexander Fleming described the antibiotic effects of a fungus that had contaminated his bacterial culture, kick starting the antimicrobial revolution. The fungus was later ascribed to a putatively globally distributed asexual species, Penicillium chrysogenum. Recently, the species has been shown to be genetically diverse, and possess mating-type genes. Here, phylogenetic and population genetic analyses show that this apparently ubiquitous fungus is actually composed of at least two genetically distinct species with only slight differences detected in physiology. We found each species in air and dust samples collected in and around St Mary's Hospital where Fleming worked. Genotyping of 30 markers across the genome showed that preserved fungal material from Fleming's laboratory was nearly identical to derived strains currently in culture collections and in the same distinct species as a wild progenitor strain of current penicillin producing industrial strains rather than the type species P. chrysogenum. Global samples of the two most common species were found to possess mating-type genes in a near 1:1 ratio, and show evidence of recombination with little geographic population subdivision evident. However, no hybridization was detected between the species despite an estimated time of divergence of less than 1MYA. Growth studies showed significant interspecific inhibition by P. chrysogenum of the other common species, suggesting that competition may facilitate species maintenance despite globally overlapping distributions. Results highlight under-recognized diversity even among the best-known fungal groups and the potential for speciation despite overlapping distribution.

  11. Alexander Graham Bell%亚历山大·格拉汉姆·贝尔

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁芳

    2012-01-01

    Alexander Graham Bell is an American inventor and Entrepreneur. He was born in Edinburgh, Scot- land on March 3rd. His father is an expert in remedying speaking and teaching the deaf. And his grandfather is a Philan- thropist, always showing sympathy to the deaf and dumb. And Bell's mother herself is a deaf and dumb. Growing up in such surroundings, he had strong will- ing to achieve in such field.%编者注 亚历山大·贝尔是一位美国发明家和企业家。他获得了世界上第一台可用的电话机的专利权(发明者为意大利人安东尼奥·梅乌奇),创建了贝尔电话公司(AT&T公司的前身)。他被世界誉为“电话之父”。

  12. Alexander Scriabin: his chronic right-hand pain and Its impact on his piano compositions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altenmüller, Eckart

    2015-01-01

    Alexander Scriabin was an outstanding pianist and an avant-garde composer who influenced later generations with his innovative "multimedia" conceptions of aesthetic experience. As an adolescent, he was systematically trained as a concert pianist and received lessons from Vassily Safonoff, one of the founders of the legendary Russian Piano School. At age 20, Scriabin suffered an overuse injury of his right hand when attempting to improve the sound quality of his piano touch. This injury caused a deep crisis and influenced his later composition style in his piano works. From this time on, his works were frequently dominated by unusual virtuosic use and wide spans of his left hand. Rest, restricted repertoire, and an increased focus on composition contributed to recovery; however, he always remained anxious concerning the stamina of his right hand. The case report impressively demonstrates the stressors an aspiring young pianist had to cope with at the end of the nineteenth century. Furthermore, it is a convincing example of how resource-oriented behavior and intuition lead to the improvement of health status. Differential diagnoses and the modern concept of multimodal pain therapy in chronic overuse injury will be discussed from a historical perspective. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Professor Alexander Zawadzki of Lvov university – Gregor Mendel’s mentor and inspirer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szybalski W.

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available It is generally agreed that Johann Gregor Mendel (1822–1884 is the undisputed father of genetics, the study of heredity that is fundamental to our understanding of all living things. However, as a geneticist and engineer, strongly influenced by my teachers in Lvov and Gdansk, in Copenhagen and in Cold Spring Harbor (NY, I have always wondered how it was possible for Mendel to be such an independent thinker while not having a mentor who could have guided his creative and analytical thinking. Was there anybody in Mendel’s life who could have played this role? At the very least, did he get any opportunity to discuss his experimental designs with some colleague or to receive any help from a mentor or a friend in analyzing his results? The purpose in preparing this essay is to bring to light a long neglected story of how an «obscure Polish Professor from Lvov University», Alexander Zawadzki, played a critical role in helping an «obscure Austrian monk», Gregor Mendel, to create the discipline of genetics.

  14. PRAYER AND THE "SPIRITUAL CONSTITUENT" IN THE IMAGE OF A BELOVED IN ALEXANDER PUSHKIN'S LYRIC POETRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Alexandrovna Kuchina

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Prayer in Alexander Pushkin's lyric poetry appears in its natural ecclesiological context. In his prayerful poems devoted to a woman the motif of turning Love into Divinity in the light of Christian understanding of Beauty plays the most important role. Pushkin's personal prayers are very close to the patristic idea. In his poem Akathist to Ekaterina Nikolaevna Karamzina Pushkin embodied the prayer-praising; in his poem I loved you — and love it may yet be Deep in my soul... he embodied the prayer-blessing; in his sonnet Madonna the reader can find benediction and in the poem To the Beauty (1832 one can feel the state of religious reverence. The heroine of these poems is considered to be a divine creature, a sacral image. In Pushkin's lyric poetry these profound evangelical ideas are renewed. The hymnologic genre and Christian divine service in his poems become obvious. The artistic embodiment of a prayer becomes possible with the help of an iconic word and image. A prayerful word in Pushkin's poems contributes to idealization of the form that evolves from emotional and sensual state to spiritual and ascetical world-view, from the artistic and figurative word to the iconic clarity.

  15. ARCHPRIEST ALEXANDER IVANTSOV-PLATONOV: POSITIVE DIRECTION IN LITERATURE AND LIFE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Andreevich Kunilsky

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines literary and aesthetic views of a wellknown theologian and church historian Alexander Ivantsov-Platonov. The study traces crucial milestones of his scientific and creative biography which can not be always found in reference books. His work About positive and negative attitude towards life in Russian literature published in a Slavophil periodical Russkaya Beseda is the main subject of this study. The ideas stated in this article develop Slavophiles’ aesthetic programme. On the one hand, Ivantsov-Platonovs's conception of positive and negative literary directions repeats some of Konstantin Aksakovs' ideas. On the other hand, however, the church publicist develops the Slavophiles’ theory with new concepts of Russian literature. This article studies the problem of correlation between Christian values and secular art as it was seen by Ivantsov-Platonov. It also analyzes his attitude to Dostoevsky's creative works. All Ivantsov-Platonov's contemporaries describe him as a soft man, tolerant to opposite views and opinions, and always ready to help “his neighbours”. The author of the article comes to a conclusion that Ivantsov-Platonov predicted the way Russian literature would develop. The works of Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky proved that he was right in his vision.

  16. Alexander von Humboldt's Idea of Interconnectedness and its Relationship to Interdisciplinarity and Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Detlev Doherr

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Alexander von Humboldt, a German scientist and explorer of the 19th century, viewed the natural world holistically and described the harmony of nature among the diversity of the physical world as a conjoining between all physical disciplines. He noted in his diary: "Everything is interconnectedness." The main feature of Humboldt's pioneering work was later named "Humboldtian science", meaning the accurate study of interconnected real phenomena in order to find a definite law and a dynamic cause. Following Humboldt's idea of nature, an Internet edition of his works must preserve the author's original intention, retain an awareness of all relevant works, and still adhere to the requirements of scholarly edition. At the present time, however, the highly unconventional form of his publications has undermined the awareness and a comprehensive study of Humboldt's works. Digital libraries should supply dynamic links to sources, maps, images, graphs and relevant texts. New forms of interaction and synthesis between humanistic texts and scientific observation need to be created. Information technology is the only way to do justice to the broad range of visions, descriptions and the idea of nature of Humboldt's legacy. It finally leads to virtual research environments as an adequate concept to redesign our digital archives, not only for Humboldt's documents, but for all interconnected data.

  17. Die Bedeutung der Umkreisquellen für Alexander von Humboldts südamerikanische Reise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Griep

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, German and Spanish. Contrary to popular opinion, Alexander von Humboldt had little time to make in-depth preparations and acquire thorough knowledge about his most important destination, the Spanish colonies in Central and South America. So he could study most of the travelogues written by his predecessors only after returning home. Humboldt’s belated study of literary sources, combined with the question how he made use of the huge amount of facts he found during many years’ work and at the same time succeeded in being acknowledged as an outstanding researcher, are of great importance for our understanding the significance of background information in Humboldt’s work. As it seems necessary as well as promising to enquire into Humboldt’s sources in detail, this article presents within the “Humboldt Digital Library” research project a preliminary investigation of the different sources Humboldt used for describing a limited section of his South America journey: the Orinoco river system.

  18. Zum Verhältnis Charles Darwins zu Alexander v. Humboldt und Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petra Werner

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.While it is well known that Charles Darwin and Alexander von Humboldt appreciated each other's work, Humboldt's influence on Darwin has not yet been thoroughly examined. The following paper shows to what extent Darwin was inspired by Humboldt's publications while writing his Origin of Species.Darwin paid special attention to Humboldt's observations on plant migration and throughout his whole scientific career he used Humboldt's books as a major source of information. In fact, Darwin's last annotations in his copy of the Personal Narrative of travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New continent during the Years 1799-1804 date back to the last weeks of his life.On the other hand, Darwin rejected many of Humboldt's scientific conclusions. The two authors differed in their assessment of Heinrich Bronn's biological research. Finally, Darwin was dissatisfied with Humboldtís last work Cosmos because it did not contain the information he expected. Darwinís collaboration with Humboldt's travel companion Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg proved to be similarly disappointing. Darwin sent 183 samples of infusoria to Berlin, but the results of Ehrenberg's analysis did not support Darwin's theory on evolution.

  19. GFAP mutations, age at onset, and clinical subtypes in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prust, M; Wang, J; Morizono, H; Messing, A; Brenner, M; Gordon, E; Hartka, T; Sokohl, A; Schiffmann, R; Gordish-Dressman, H; Albin, R; Amartino, H; Brockman, K; Dinopoulos, A; Dotti, M T; Fain, D; Fernandez, R; Ferreira, J; Fleming, J; Gill, D; Griebel, M; Heilstedt, H; Kaplan, P; Lewis, D; Nakagawa, M; Pedersen, R; Reddy, A; Sawaishi, Y; Schneider, M; Sherr, E; Takiyama, Y; Wakabayashi, K; Gorospe, J R; Vanderver, A

    2011-09-27

    To characterize Alexander disease (AxD) phenotypes and determine correlations with age at onset (AAO) and genetic mutation. AxD is an astrogliopathy usually characterized on MRI by leukodystrophy and caused by glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) mutations. We present 30 new cases of AxD and reviewed 185 previously reported cases. We conducted Wilcoxon rank sum tests to identify variables scaling with AAO, survival analysis to identify predictors of mortality, and χ(2) tests to assess the effects of common GFAP mutations. Finally, we performed latent class analysis (LCA) to statistically define AxD subtypes. LCA identified 2 classes of AxD. Type I is characterized by early onset, seizures, macrocephaly, motor delay, encephalopathy, failure to thrive, paroxysmal deterioration, and typical MRI features. Type II is characterized by later onset, autonomic dysfunction, ocular movement abnormalities, bulbar symptoms, and atypical MRI features. Survival analysis predicted a nearly 2-fold increase in mortality among patients with type I AxD relative to those with type II. R79 and R239 GFAP mutations were most common (16.6% and 20.3% of all cases, respectively). These common mutations predicted distinct clinical outcomes, with R239 predicting the most aggressive course. AAO and the GFAP mutation site are important clinical predictors in AxD, with clear correlations to defined patterns of phenotypic expression. We propose revised AxD subtypes, type I and type II, based on analysis of statistically defined patient groups.

  20. La fabrique du savoir Essai sur les carnets de voyage d'Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Noëlle Bourguet

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in French, Abstract in English.Whilst the notebook belongs to the imagery of the enlightened scientist's persona (an auxiliary tool kept by his side to be hastily scribbled with data, when at the bench or in the field, it has been given little attention by historians of science, who are used to consider its manuscript pages as a documentary resource to complement the printed text, but rarely take the notebook as a material and cultural object by itself, the history and epistemology of which is to be explored. Only recently have new trends in the historiography, by historians of printed books and reading practices, and by social and cultural historians of knowledge, called for a fresh look and opened the way for new approaches. Taking Alexander von Humboldt as a paramount example, who expressly devoted his life to "observing and recording" the world, pen in hand, this paper explores the note-taking practices at work in his travel diaries and notebooks from the perspective of the history of scientific observation and cognitive practices. Four themes are successively considered : the question of method and apprenticeship ; the timing of note-taking practices ; the nature and status of the data jotted down on the page ; finally, their uses in the production of scientific knowledge. In the back and forth movement between the observation of the world and the writing of science, the notebook stood as a crucial intellectual step and cognitive tool.

  1. Peter the Great and Alexander I: Double portrait in the European interior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitrii А. Redin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The two official visits to Paris made by Russian sovereigns, the first one by Peter I in Spring 1717 and the second one by Alexander I in Spring 1814, have been significant events for the history of Russian-French relations and for European history in general. Each of these trips generated an extensive literature and the circumstances, the origins, the goals, and outcomes of the sovereigns’ stay in the French capital are very well documented. The authors proposed to analyze these trips in a comparative and diachronic way, considering that despite their differences in terms of cultural and political contexts, this approach is relevant. Indeed, the article aims at showing that the visits had a common impact: they contributed to reform stereotypes about Russia and Russians in the eyes of French elites and public opinion, and beyond, in European public opinion. During their trips, convincingly demonstrating that Russia belongs to the European space, the two monarchs significantly transformed the perception of their country, so far perceived as a barbaric, tyrannical and potentially dangerous country for Europe. However, at the same time, the authors conclude that the deconstruction of old stereotypes did not lead to their complete eradication. As a result, in European public opinion, emerged a «dual perception» of Russia that is a negative one, going back to late medieval tradition, and a more positive one, associated with the recognition of its belonging to the modern European cultural space.

  2. PRAYER IN ALEXANDER BLOK'S LYRIC POETRY ("A GIRL WAS SINGING IN THE CHURCH CHOIR..."

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Aleksandrovna Spiridonova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the genre clash of a prayer and stanzas in Alexander Blok’s poem A girl was singing in the church choir... (1905. Prayer is the main ecclesiastical source, shaping the poem’s lyric model. The genre canon of stanzas with the strophes detached substantially and compositionally, transforms the central musical theme into four scene-developments linked by dissonance. Each of the strophes in A girl was singing in the church choir... has its own semantic point (prayer – singings – illusion – enlightenment and reveals a different content of the event, intensifies and develops the tragic theme of two worlds, intended and unintended substitutions, spiritual quest and time losses. Blok’s stanzas are poetic evidence of a modern man’s exit from a prayerful concentration. The model of “conflicting synthesis” of ecclesiastical and literary genres reflects the religious/mystical opposition in symbolism aesthetics and strengthens the tragic pathos of Blok’s lyric poetry.

  3. Causes of ransom private railways in the Russian Empire during the reign of Alexander III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel A. Gurianov

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on a number of reasons, redemption of private railways in the Russian Empire during the reign of Alexander III. Preconditions for this step. After the defeat in the Crimean War, the state began to consider two basic ways construction of railways: the expense of the treasury at the expense of private capital, including foreign ones. Attempts to organize joint capital of private foreign and domestic on the example of the main Russian Railway Company ended sadly. Foreign capital is mainly interested in speculation on the Russian stock exchange, as a result the majority of the company's shares went to the Russian capital. To support the private Russian capital the government has gone the way of the guarantee capital, in certain cases, as a joint stock or bond or one of the types of capital. When distribution concessions were not crucial economic factors, and the proximity to the elite or the corruption component. Often concession won by those who offered the lowest price, which affects the quality of railway construction in the country. As a result of the concession is not got the most professionally trained people who are almost entirely the burden shifted to the state, and profits for the most part getting any private owners. As a result, such practice is ruinous for the Treasury forced the government to buy back a significant portion of private railways on acceptable terms. As a result, initially malpractice and corruption safeguards prevent a real manifestation of self-employment initiatives

  4. BIBLICAL THEMES AND IMAGES IN ALEXANDER SOLZHENITSYN'S NOVEL "THE FIRST CIRCLE" (V KRUGE PERVOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana Alexeyevna Martyanova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The author identifies, describes and interprets the biblical allusions in Alexander Solzhenitsyn's novel The First Circle (V Kruge Pervom. It is assumed that many of the biblical characters and stories, mentioned (Moses, Jesus Christ, Holy Mary, Mother of God, or Judas or implied in the novel, are prototypical to its heroes and storylines. Biblical allusions form the overarching storyline (metaplot, and create the religious and philosophical perspective of understanding the value orientations and behavior of the characters. The article reveals the significance of the biblical context for understanding the moral and philosophical search of its heroes, their reflections on happiness, well-being, soul, conscience, friendship, creativity, truth, genuineness and authenticity of marxism as "leading-edge thinking". Special attention is given to the subject of Christmas: the article explains what it means for the formation of artistic time or images of individual characters (Volodin and Rubin, and draws a parallel betweem Stalin and Herod. It is emphasized that Solzhenitsyn as a writer did not copy reality, but portrayed it in light of the Bible and the Gospel ideal, creating the original concept of man's destiny in a totalitarian society and reintroducing to readers religious valueswhich were excluded from a human being by Soviet ideology.

  5. The Development of Information Policy of the Russian Empire During the Reign of Alexander II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena S. Ustinovich

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available During this historical period was actively carried out the process of interaction and interdependence of the development of state power and social consciousness within the limits of formation of the state information policy. Alexander II and his inner circle, given these trends and evaluating the shortcomings of the reign of his father, after years of ignoring the power of public opinion on important socio-political and socio-economic issues, after a long ban on open discussion of the shortcomings of the actions of the authorities and of the state apparatus, deliberately stimulated the beginning of the «era of conviction». Growth of social consciousness, the press has naturally gained a strong influence on representatives of the Russian society and contributed to raising awareness of and advocate for their rights. The authority is committed to the advancement of social development, directs itself to the expansion of media freedom and on the settlement of socio-political issues through dialogue, carried out with the assistance of the media.

  6. Nomos und physis Alexander von Humboldt und die Tradition antiker Denkweisen und Vorstellungen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Knobloch

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German.AbstractAlexander von Humboldt’s world view, philosophy of science, and scientific practice were dominated by the notions of measure and harmony. This matter of fact does not leave any doubt about Humboldt’s Pythagoreanism. Already the choice of the title of his Kosmos was led by Pythagorean thought. In 1846 he explicitly wrote to Jacobi that the whole first book is based on the idea that the first Hellenic seeds to all further progresses of mathematical natural knowledge are owed to the Pythagoreans and their emphasis on measure, number, and weight. The paper consists of four parts. The first part deals with Humboldt’s acquaintance with the fragments of the Pythagorean Philolaus. The second part compares the Aristotelean tradition with Philolaus’s informations on Pythagoreanism. The third part relying on the two foregoing parts explains Humboldt’s philosophy of science as a tranformation of Pythagoreanism. The last part discusses three examples taken from Humboldt’s scientific practice in order to illustrate the results deduced up to then.a

  7. Alexander von Humboldt und seine geognostischen Studien in Göttingen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Kölbel

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.Even before he went to Freiberg (Saxony to study with Abraham Gottlob Werner, Alexander von Humboldt had done research into geognosy and the science of salt making. The results were published in the book “Mineralogische Beobachtungen über einige Basalte am Rhein”, and in „Versuch über einige physikalische und chemische Grundsätze der Salzwerkskunde“ (1792. Humboldt’s first teachers in geognosy, J. F. Blumenbach and H. F. Link had an important impact on these early studies. Until 1795, 31% of Humboldt’s scientific work consisted of research into these fields. This paper argues that, due to Humboldt’s comprehensive knowledge of the literature on geognosy, the references to this field in Steven Jan van Geuns’s journal of a common trip along the river Rhine (1789 were directly influenced by Humboldt. Thus van Geuns’s diary contains Humboldt’s first statements on volcanism, the geognosy of basalts, and references to salt making.

  8. Writing in learning/teaching in French (study case- freshmen “Alexander Xhuvani” University students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonarda Myslihaka

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Writing plays an important role in teaching and learning foreign languages. Students that can write in a foreign language have to verify their grammar, lexical and semantic performance and it is the role of the teacher to assess if students have learned rules correctly. This is both important for their reading and speaking skills and in general students are tested through a writing test. Writing is now an object of research and it is generally accepted that teaching/ learning cannot be performed out of the communicative acts. Students are required to produce and interpret different documents such as leaflets, journal articles etc. in a foreign language, in this case in French. The idea is that if you want to own the writing competency, you have to know very well both the lingual and contextual structure. This paper is a based on a research conducted with the first year students, studying French at the “Alexander Xhuvani” University, Elbasan, Albania, taking in consideration the lingual, psychological and social factors that affect writing. From the conclusions was clear that students had difficulties in writing due to their limited lingual competencies that leads them to orthographical mistakes etc. We also noted that students are eager to acquire this competency because learning a language through writing does not merely mean to learn syntax but it also requires a de – contextualization and creating a chance for students to get in touch with everyday language texts.

  9. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  10. Alexander von Humboldt: Wissenschaft im Feld Transareale Wissenschaftsfelder in den Tropen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt verstand sich zwar sicher nicht als Direktor eines Museums, war aber sehr wohl der Welt der Museen, Bibliotheken und Archive nicht nur als Besucher und Leser, sondern auch als Sammler und Forscher verpflichtet. Durch seine Forschungsreisen nach Amerika und Asien vermehrte er im Verlauf eines langen Gelehrtenlebens viele Sammlungen durch eigene Sammeltätigkeit vor Ort. Seine Feldforschung blieb dabei nicht auf naturwissenschaftliche Aspekte begrenzt, sondern bezog ganz selbstverständlich auch die verschiedenartigsten kulturwissenschaftlichen Forschungsgegenstände mitein. Diese transdisziplinär agierende Praxis im Feld lässt sich zugleich als eine transareale, einzelne Areas übergreifende und damit im Sinne von TransArea Studies aus den Beziehungen, Zirkulationen und Wechselwirkungen jenseits des bloß Territorialen sich speisende Wissenschaftskonzeption begreifen. So lässt sich in seiner Auseinandersetzung mit der amerikanischen Tropenwelt eine doppelte transareale Relationalität erkennen, die einerseits intern die Tropenwelt unterschiedlicher Kontinente miteinander verbindet, andererseits aber extern die Tropen insbesondere mit den gemäßigten Zonen in Relation setzt, um dadurch erst globale Zusammenhänge - einschließlich der sich verändernden Schneegrenzen oder der Wanderungsbewegungen der Pflanzenformen, für die sich die mobile Wissenschaft Humboldts in besonderem Maße interessierte - skizzieren und erläutern zu können. Die Tropen sind für ihn die Zone höchster Mannigfaltigkeit und Vielverbundenheit - oder um es mit heutigen Begriffen zum Ausdruck zu bringen: die TransArea par excellence.AbstractAlthough Alexander von Humboldt certainly perceived himself not as director of a museum, he was commited to the world of museums, libraries, and archives, not only as a visitor and reader, but also as a collector and researcher. Through his travels to America and Asia and in the course of a long

  11. GFAP expression as an indicator of disease severity in mouse models of Alexander disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albee Messing

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available AxD (Alexander disease is a rare disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein resulting in accumulation of the GFAP protein and elevation of Gfap mRNA. To test whether GFAP itself can serve as a biomarker of disease status or progression, we investigated two independent measures of GFAP expression in AxD mouse models, one using a genetic reporter of promoter activity and the other quantifying GFAP protein directly in a manner that could also be employed in human studies. Using a transgenic reporter line that expresses firefly luciferase under the control of the murine Gfap promoter (Gfap-luc, we found that luciferase activity reflected the regional CNS (central nervous system variability of Gfap mRNA in Gfap+/+ mice, and increased in mice containing a point mutation in Gfap that mimics a common human mutation in AxD (R239H in the human sequence, and R236H in the murine sequence. In a second set of studies, we quantified GFAP protein in CSF (cerebrospinal fluid taken from three different AxD mouse models and littermate controls. GFAP levels in CSF were increased in all three AxD models, in a manner corresponding to the concentrations of GFAP in brain. These studies demonstrate that transactivation of the Gfap promoter is an early and sustained indicator of the disease process in the mouse. Furthermore, GFAP in CSF serves as a potential biomarker that is comparable between mouse models and human patients.

  12. The origin of Rosenthal fibers and their contributions to astrocyte pathology in Alexander disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosunov, Alexander A; McKhann, Guy M; Goldman, James E

    2017-03-31

    Rosenthal fibers (RFs) are cytoplasmic, proteinaceous aggregates. They are the pathognomonic feature of the astrocyte pathology in Alexander Disease (AxD), a neurodegenerative disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the GFAP gene, encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Although RFs have been known for many years their origin and significance remain elusive issues. We have used mouse models of AxD based on the overexpression of human GFAP (transgenic, TG) and a point mutation in mouse GFAP (knock-in, KI) to examine the formation of RFs and to find astrocyte changes that correlate with the appearance of RFs. We found RFs of various sizes and shapes. The smallest ones appear as granular depositions on intermediate filaments. These contain GFAP and the small heat shock protein, alphaB-crystallin. Their aggregation appears to give rise to large RFs. The appearance of new RFs and the growth of previously formed RFs occur over time. We determined that DAPI is a reliable marker of RFs and in parallel with Fluoro-Jade B (FJB) staining defined a high variability in the appearance of RFs, even in neighboring astrocytes. Although many astrocytes in AxD with increased levels of GFAP and with or without RFs change their phenotype, only some cells with large numbers of RFs show a profound reconstruction of cellular processes, with a loss of fine distal processes and the appearance of large, lobulated nuclei, likely due to arrested mitosis. We conclude that 1) RFs appear to originate as small, osmiophilic masses containing both GFAP and alphaB-crystallin deposited on bundles of intermediate filaments. 2) RFs continue to form within AxD astrocytes over time. 3) DAPI is a reliable marker for RFs and can be used with immunolabeling. 4) RFs appear to interfere with the successful completion of astrocyte mitosis and cell division.

  13. Consideraciones críticas sobre el modelo de Alexander V. Chayanov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefina Liendo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo presenta un estado de la cuestión sobre la obra del economista ruso Alexander Chayanov y su crítica. El objetivo es analizar La organización de la unidad económica campesina [1924] desde una perspectiva que contemple tanto las intenciones del autor y la arquitectura de su obra como la crítica pasada y presente de sus lectores. Comenzando por los aspectos metodológicos, se propone revisar el modelo teórico básico y su funcionamiento real. Se entiende que el aislamiento del campesinado de su medio social más amplio es el método utilizado por el autor para construir un modelo conceptual de tipo puro. Sin embargo, su obra no se reduce a este objetivo. Al tratarse de una teoría práctica, Chayanov busca probar el funcionamiento real del modelo dejando caer los supuestos iniciales para insertar a los campesinos en el marco más amplio de la economía de mercado, introduciendo elementos ausentes en la simplificación inicial: la situación de mercado, los salarios y las inversiones de capital. El análisis conduce a sostener que la operación metodológica que el autor realiza para construir la teoría socava su capacidad explicativa. Se reflexiona, finalmente, sobre las virtudes y limitaciones de la obra desde una perspectiva histórica

  14. Cretaceous (Late Albian) coniferales of Alexander Island, Antarctica. 1: Wood taxonomy: a quantitative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falcon-Lang; Cantrill

    2000-08-01

    Silicified conifer woods are very common in the mid-Cretaceous (Late Albian, 100Ma) Triton Point Member of the Neptune Glacier Formation (Fossil Bluff Group), SE Alexander Island, Antarctica. These occur as up to 7m high in situ tree trunks and stumps rooted in carbonaceous palaeosols and as allochthonous logs and wood fragments in fluvial channel and sheet sandstone facies. Sixty-eight wood samples were examined in this study and were classified in terms of five form taxa using a quantitative approach. Araucarioxylon (1.5% of specimens) is characterised by dominantly multiseriate, alternately arranged bordered pitting on radial tracheid walls and by 1-4 araucarioid cross-field pitting. Araucariopitys (11.8% of specimens) is characterised by dominantly uniseriate tracheid pitting with subordinate biseriate, alternate tracheid pitting and by 1-4 araucarioid cross-field pitting. Podocarpoxylon sp. 1 (63.1% of specimens) is characterised by contiguous, uniseriate tracheid pitting and 1-2 podocarpoid cross-field pits. Podocarpoxylon sp. 2 (22.1% of specimens) is similar to P. sp. 1, differing only in that ray height is lower, tracheid pits are dominantly spaced more than one pit diameter apart and abundant axial parenchyma is present. These first four taxa all possess growth rings with subtle boundaries. Taxodioxylon (1.5% of specimens) is characterised by 1-2 seriate, oppositely arranged, bordered tracheid pitting, 1-2 taxodioid cross-field pitting and very marked ring boundaries. These woods were derived from large trees with basal stump diameters of up to 0.5m and probable heights of up to 29m. Data from leaf traces suggest that Araucariopitys and Podocarpoxylon sp. 1 and sp. 2 (97% of specimens) were evergreen with leaf retention times of >5years. These predominantly evergreen conifer forests grew in a mild, high latitude (75 degrees S) environment during the mid-Cretaceous greenhouse climate phase.

  15. Death by polonium-210: lessons learned from the murder of former Soviet spy Alexander Litvinenko.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McFee, Robin B; Leikin, Jerrold B

    2009-02-01

    The medical response to radiation--whether the result of radiological warfare, terrorist deployment of improvised radiation dispersal weapons, political assassination, occupational or industrial accidents or the medically radiated patient remains one of the least taught among all disciplines within medical education. In the aftermath of 9/11 among medical vulnerabilities to toxicant threats, of all the categories of weapons of mass destruction (WMD)--whether using the CBRNE (chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, explosive) or NBC (nuclear, biological, chemical) acronym--radiation is the least taught in professional schools, responder cultures or civil preparedness organizations. To date, few health care professionals (HCP) possess the fundamental knowledge or skills to identify and diagnose, let alone treat a radiation victim; this vulnerability made even more obvious in the aftermath of the high profile assassination of former Russian agent Alexander Litvinenko. He was poisoned with Polonium210. Radioactive substances are ubiquitous with radiation sources being in or transported through virtually every region nationwide. It is essential to increase preparedness among community and rural health care facilities as well as urban and university hospitals. Managing radiation injuries effectively requires access to specialized equipment and expertise. Radiation sickness is progressive and may require acute, critical and long-term care throughout the course of illness. Regardless of the source, preparedness rests upon acknowledging a threat exists and dedicating the resources to address the risks including the enhancement of training and equipment. Mass or individual exposures to radiation present unique challenges to the entire response continuum from law enforcement, first responders and emergency medical care. Increased education about and practice in responding to radiological threats is essential to enhance preparedness.

  16. Project Alexander the Great: a study on the world proliferation of bioengineering/biomedical engineering education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu-Faraj, Ziad O

    2008-01-01

    Bioengineering/Biomedical Engineering is considered amongst the most reputable fields within the global arena, and will likely be the primer for any future breakthroughs in Medicine and Biology. Bioengineering/biomedical engineering education has evolved since late 1950s and is undergoing advancement in leading academic institutions worldwide. This paper delineates an original study on the world proliferation of bioengineering/biomedical engineering education and bears the name 'Project Alexander the Great'. The initial step of the project was to survey all 10448 universities, recognized by the International Association of Universities, spread among the 193 member states of the United Nations within the six continents. The project aims at identifying, disseminating, and networking, through the world-wide-web, those institutions of higher learning that provide bioengineering/biomedical engineering education. The significance of this project is multifold: i) the inception of a web-based 'world-map' in bioengineering/biomedical engineering education for the potential international student desiring to pursue a career in this field; ii) the global networking of bioengineering/biomedical engineering academic/research programs; iii) the promotion of first-class bioengineering/biomedical engineering education and the catalysis of global proliferation of this field; iv) the erection of bridges among educational institutions, industry, and professional societies or organizations involved in Bioengineering/Biomedical Engineering; and v) the catalysis in the establishment of framework agreements for cooperation among the identified institutions offering curricula in this field. This paper presents the results obtained from Africa and North America. The whole project is due to be completed by 2009.

  17. Trasmigrazione di piante trasferimenti di concetti: la lettura scientifica ed estetica del paesaggio sud americano in Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Di Bartolo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The institution of plant geography as a science in Alexander von Humboldt implies for the first time the emergence of concept of migration concerning plants and animals. But plant geography and the study on vegetation in Humboldt’s books aims to conjugate various natural sciences in order to reach an understanding of the geographical distribution of vegetation. A new approach in South American analysis, connected with an aestethic lecture of Tropical lands of New Word, redefines the idea of “New” thanks to use of analogic concepts based on science and European aestethic lexicon.

  18. Alexander von Humboldt” als Name für Forschungsschiffe vor dem Hintergrund seiner meereskundlichen Arbeiten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Kortum

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstract in English. A. v. Humboldt as a Name of Research VesselsA number of special purpose vessels in the world carried or carry the name of Alexander von Humboldt, who had substantial interests in oceanography. However, most of his marine texts are scattered over his major works, and he never finished his manuscript on ocean circulation. But there is a general agreement that A. v. Humboldt was one of the pioneers of marine sciences. He made his own observations on the sailing vessels he used on his expedition to the Neotropics, mainly concerning sea surface temperatures. In 2002 there was a discussion in Germany about the name of a new research vessel which is going to be commissioned in the summer of 2004. It was suggested by the science community to take the name of „Alexander von Humboldt“ again, as the new vessel is replacing a medium-sized ship with this name operated now by the Baltic Sea Research Institute in Rostock-Warnemünde. This vessel has been in service from 1970 to 1990 for the Academy of Sciences of the former German Democratic Republic. The first German research vessel „Alexander von Humboldt“ was a fishing trawler (1939. Furthermore, Peru and Mexico operate research vessels bearing Humboldt’s name. The best known „Alexander von Humboldt“ is an ocean going sailing ship of the International Sail Training Association, based in Bremen. She is engaged in educational programmes and went the South America in 1999 following Humboldt’s route. Thus, Humboldt’s marine legacy is preserved. The proposal to use the undisputed name of this great all-round scientist for the new German vessel under construction now was not successful. A high-ranking jury decided to prefer “Maria Sibylla Merian” (1647-1717, which was suggested by a young student in a nation-wide competition to find a name. As Humboldt 100 years later, she went to South America to study plants and other fields of natural history.

  19. The Grothendieck festschrift a collection of articles written in honor of the 60th birthday of Alexander Grothendieck

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, Pierre; Katz, Nicholas; Manin, Yuri; Illusie, Luc; Laumon, Gérard; Ribet, Kenneth

    2009-01-01

    This three-volume work contains articles collected on the occasion of Alexander Grothendieck's sixtieth birthday and originally published in 1990. The articles were offered as a tribute to one of the world's greatest living mathematicians. Many of the groundbreaking contributions in these volumes contain material that is now considered foundational to the subject. Topics addressed by these top-notch contributors match the breadth of Grothendieck's own interests, including: functional analysis, algebraic geometry, algebraic topology, number theory, representation theory, K-theory, category theo

  20. Connecting the New World. Nets, mobility and progress in the Age of Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moritz von Brescius

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Dieser Artikel untersucht das Verhältnis zwischen den revolutionären technologischen Neuerungen des 19. Jahrhunderts und dem Leben und Wirken Alexander von Humboldts (1769-1859. Dabei wird gefragt, wie Humboldt versuchte, die neuen und sprichwörtlich bahnbrechenden Kommunikations- und Transporttechnologien seiner Zeit zu nutzen, um den amerikanischen Kontinent in globale kommerzielle und kulturelle Austauschprozesse zu integrieren. Jüngere Forschungen zu Humboldts amerikanischer Expedition (1799-1804 haben behauptet, dass seine Beschreibungen Südamerikas den Kontinent für zahlreiche „transformative interventions“ (Pratt von Seiten europäischer Kapitalisten und Investoren zugänglich gemacht hätten. Diese Studien haben jedoch nicht analysiert, aus welchen Motiven heraus Humboldt diese Eingriffe in die Natur unterstützte. Darüber hinaus wurde nicht der zentralen Frage nachgegangen, welche Rolle diese Projekte in Humboldts eigener Auffassung über die Kräfte des gesellschaftlichen Fortschritts gespielt haben. Um Humboldts Unterstützung für tiefgreifende Eingriffe in die Natur Amerikas nachvollziehen zu können, analysiert dieser Artikel zunächst, welche Rolle der „Geodeterminismus“ und die Fortschrittstheorien der Aufklärung in seinem Verständnis von zivilisatorischer Entwicklung spielten. Dabei sollen solche Beispiele menschlicher Interventionen in die Natur Amerikas untersucht werden, die Humboldt selbst aktiv förderte – nicht zuletzt, da sie geeignet schienen, „natürliche“ Barrieren für gesellschaftliche Austauschprozesse zu beseitigen. Dies waren vor allem die Nutzung von Dampfschiffen, elektrischer Telegrafie, Eisenbahnen und großangelegten Kanalprojekten, deren gebündelte Effekte zu einer signifikanten Beschleunigung von Welthandel und Kommunikationsprozessen führten. Diese zeitgenössischen Innovationen sollen mit den vier Motiven „Netz“, „Mobilität“, „Fortschritt“ und

  1. Alexander Mikhailovich Zakharov and his works on the venom apparatus and venoms of some poisonous snakes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherlin Vladimir Alexandrovich

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article gives brief biographical information about a very talented herpetologist Alexander M. Zakharov, and describes the general results of his works on the structure and function of venom glands of some poisonous snakes and their venoms. In his studies, he got the results, which are fundamentally different from the conventional concept of 30s - 70s of the XX century. Unfortunately, among physicians this concept has not changed up today. At that time it was thought that the poisons of Viperidae snakes are almost completely hemotoxic, and poisons of Elapidae (cobra are almost neurotoxic. But A.M.Zaharov found out, that poisons of both types of snakes (Viperidae and Elapidae include three groups of substances: hemotoxins, neurotoxins and non-toxic component – hyaluronidase. Each of these groups of substances is produced by independent part of venom glands and has its own special effect. Neurotoxins act on the central nervous system (mainly the respiratory center, but are greatly destroyed by means of the blood antigen properties and cannot pass through the hematoencephalic barrier. Hyaluronidase , connecting with neurotoxins, has an important property – to "smuggle" neurotoxins through the hematoencephalic barrier exactly into the target organ – the respiratory center in the central nervous system. In this case, neurotoxin enters the respiratory center not through the blood and lymph vessels, but directly through the nerve channel, through synapsis. The main function of hemotoxins is not to kill the victim, but to protect neurotoxins and hyaluronidase from the destructive activity of the victim's blood. Therefore, the target of the poisons of Viperidae and Elapidae snakes is the central nervous system of victims, but Elapidae has almost no hemotoxins. That’s why their striking effect can be achieved only by a strong increase in the amount of neurotoxins and hyaluronidase. Hemotoxins of Viperidae venoms permits to reduce the amount of

  2. Joonestamine lõimib õppeaineid / Peeter Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Peeter

    2012-01-01

    Joonestamine seob endaga kujutava geomeetria, insenerigraafika, matemaatika, füüsika, tugevusõpetuse ja veel palju õppeaineid. Kuna joonestamise CAD-i programmid on interdistsiplinaarsed, aitab joonestama õppimine aru saada ka teistest õppeainetest

  3. Joonestamine lõimib õppeaineid / Peeter Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Peeter

    2012-01-01

    Joonestamine seob endaga kujutava geomeetria, insenerigraafika, matemaatika, füüsika, tugevusõpetuse ja veel palju õppeaineid. Kuna joonestamise CAD-i programmid on interdistsiplinaarsed, aitab joonestama õppimine aru saada ka teistest õppeainetest

  4. The grand experiment, a historical account of a museum/school partnership: The Alexander Science Center School of Los Angeles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heughins, Andrew R.

    This study tells the history of The Alexander Science Center School, a museum/school partnership between the Los Angeles Unified School District and the California Science Center created with the goal of becoming a national model in elementary science education. To provide a background to the development of the school, this study explores the definition of what constitutes a museum school, including the existence of a formal partnership between a school district and a museum and systemic change in the partner institutions leading to a marriage of formal and informal learning styles. In addition, the literature review explores the unique models of museum/school partnerships developed in the United States. The history of the Alexander Science Center School is told in a narrative style using documentation from the schools development and through interviews with individuals who played key roles, from the schools inception through its opening. The study covers the initiation of concept, architectural design, formation of the partnership, and development of the curriculum. The study also identifies the roadblocks encountered in the schools development and makes recommendations for school districts and institutions seeking to create future museum school projects. In addition, a comparison is made other recently studied museum schools to provide a context for the school's historical and programmatic development.

  5. „Vater einer großen Nachkommenschaft von Forschungsreisenden ...“ Ehrungen Alexander von Humboldts im Jahre 1869

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilse Jahn

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and GermanIn 1869 the “Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein” was founded in Magdeburg (Saxony Anhalt. That was the time when the scientific world celebrated Alexander von Humboldt’s 100th birthday. In this context, Humboldt’s achievements were remembered during the founding ceremony of that society. The paper which was read in September 2003 on a meeting of this organisation, focuses on three famous naturalists who celebrated Humboldt because they owed him much help in their own professional careers. The botanist Matthias Jacob Schleiden gave a memorial speech in 1869 in Dresden. The physiologist and pioneer of electro-biology Emil du Bois-Reymond honoured his mentor A. v. Humboldt on the occasion of the dedication of the statues of Wilhelm and Alexander in 1883 in Berlin. Charles Darwin expressed his gratitude to Humboldt by sending him in 1839 the report of his travels and received an interesting reply. These three scholars represented a new epoch in the development of the natural sciences. The paper includes a recently re-discovered letter from Humboldt to Schleiden, dated April 13, 1842.

  6. Eine Freundschaft, die Jahrzehnte überdauerte! Ein unveröffentlichter Brief Alexander von Humboldts an seinen langjährigen Freund Johann Karl Freiesleben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katja Mönnich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der vorliegende Brief Alexander von Humboldts an seinen Jugendfreund Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 reiht sich ein in das Vorhaben, unpublizierte Briefe aus Humboldts Jugendzeit der Öffentlichkeit zugänglich zu machen. Editorisch fügt sich der Brief in die von Ilse Jahn und Fritz Gustav Lange herausgegebenen Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799 ein. In diesem Band findet der Brief seinen Platz zwischen zwei Briefen Humboldts an Freiesleben, die er während seines Aufenthaltes in Dresden am 10.07.1797 sowie am 11. oder 18.07.1797 geschrieben hat. Resumen La carta de Alexander von Humboldt a su amigo de juventud Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 es parte del proyecto de investigación, que presenta cartas del joven Humboldt todavía no publicadas. Editorialmente, la carta fue adaptada a la publicación de la edición Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799, presentada por Ilse Jahn y Fritz Gustav Lange. En este volumen, la carta está ubicada entre dos cartas de Humboldt a Freiesleben, que escribió en Dresde el 10 de julio y el 11 o 18 de julio 1797. Abstract The letter of Alexander von Humboldt to his childhood friend Johann Karl Freiesleben (1774-1846 is part of the project of making unpublished letters from Humboldt’s youth accessible to the public. Editorially, the letter fits in the edition Jugendbriefe Alexander von Humboldts 1787-1799, published by Ilse Jahn and Fritz Gustav Lange. In this volume, the letter is placed between two letters from Humboldt to Freiesleben, which he wrote during his stay in Dresden on 10th of July and on 11th or 18th of July 1797.

  7. Teachers of the Alexander Technique in the UK and the people who take their lessons: A national cross-sectional survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldred, J; Hopton, A; Donnison, E; Woodman, J; MacPherson, H

    2015-06-01

    Given the rising profile of the Alexander Technique in the UK, there is a need for a comprehensive description of its teachers and of those who currently take lessons. In a national survey of Alexander teachers, we set out to address this information gap. A cross-sectional survey of 871 UK members of three main Alexander Technique teachers' professional associations was conducted. A questionnaire requested information about their professional background, teaching practice and methods, and about the people who attend lessons and their reasons for seeking help. With an overall response rate of 61%, 534 teachers responded; 74% were female with median age of 58 years, 60% had a higher education qualification, and 95% were self-employed, many with additional non-Alexander paid employment. The majority (87%) offered lessons on their own premises or in a privately rented room, and 19% provided home visits; both individual and group lessons were provided. People who took lessons were predominantly female (66%) with a median age of 48 years, and 91% paid for their lessons privately. Nearly two-thirds (62%) began lessons for reasons related to musculoskeletal conditions, including back symptoms, posture, neck pain, and shoulder pain. Other reasons were general (18%, including well-being), performance-related (10%, including voice-, music-, and sport-related), psychological (5%) and neurological (3%). We estimate that Alexander teachers in the UK provide approximately 400,000 lessons per year. This study provides an overview of Alexander Technique teaching in the UK today and data that may be useful when planning future research. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. The metallogeny of Late Triassic rifting of the Alexander terrane in southeastern Alaska and northwestern British Columbia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, C.D.; Premo, W.R.; Meier, A.L.; Taggart, J.E.

    2008-01-01

    A belt of unusual volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) occurrences is located along the eastern margin of the Alexander terrane throughout southeastern Alaska and northwestern British Columbia and exhibits a range of characteristics consistent with a variety of syngenetic to epigenetic deposit types. Deposits within this belt include Greens Creek and Windy Craggy, the economically most significant VMS deposit in Alaska and the largest in North America, respectively. The occurrences are hosted by a discontinuously exposed, 800-km-long belt of rocks that consist of a 200- to 800-m-thick sequence of conglomerate, limestone, marine elastic sedimentary rocks, and tuff intercalated with and overlain by a distinctive unit of mafic pyroclastic rocks and pillowed flows. Faunal data bracket the age of the host rocks between Anisian (Middle Triassic) and late Norian (late Late Triassic). This metallogenic belt is herein referred to as the Alexander Triassic metallogenic belt. The VMS occurrences show systematic differences in degree of structural control, chemistry, and stratigraphic setting along the Alexander Triassic metallogenic belt that suggest important spatial or temporal changes in the tectonic environment of formation. At the southern end of the belt, felsic volcanic rocks overlain by shallow-water limestones characterize the lower part of the sequence. In the southern and middle portion of the belt, a distinctive pebble conglomerate marks the base of the section and is indicative of high-energy deposition in a near slope or basin margin setting. At the northern end of the belt the conglomerates, limestones, and felsic volcanic rocks are absent and the belt is composed of deep-water sedimentary and mafic volcanic rocks. This northward change in depositional environment and lithofacies is accompanied by a northward transition from epithermal-like structurally controlled, discontinuous, vein- and pod-shaped, Pb-Zn-Ag-Ba-(Cu) occurrences with relatively simple mineralogy

  9. Alexander von Humboldt brachte Guano nach Europa - mit ungeahnten globalen Folgen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bärbel Rott

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Die vorliegende Abhandlung beschäftigt sich mit einem bisher wenig beachteten Aspekt von Humboldts Amerikanischer Reise (1799─1804. Während seine Studien der Pflanzen- und Tierwelt bis heute große Aufmerksamkeit genießen, wird Humboldts Beitrag zu der Entwicklung der modernen Landwirtschaft wenig beachtet. Während seines Aufenthalts in Lima erhielt er Proben von Guano, Vogelmist von den Chincha-Inseln vor der peruanischen Küste. Einige Proben, die er von dieser Reise zurückbrachte, wurden von Wissenschaftlern in Frankreich und Deutschland untersucht. Die Analysenergebnisse zeigten außerordentlich hohe Gehalte an Pflanzennährstoffen, insbesondere Stickstoff und Phosphor. In den folgenden Jahrzehnten wurde Guano zu einem bedeutsamen Düngemittel und Auslöser eines Booms in Europa und Peru. Die Auswirkungen dieser Entwicklung sind bis heute sichtbar und werden hier unter besonderer Beachtung von Phosphor beschrieben. Abstract One aspect of Humboldt’s travel to South America (1799─1804 received little attention. The fascination of his studies of the South American flora and fauna is unbroken to the present day. Yet Humboldt’s contribution to modern agriculture remains almost unnoticed. During his stay in Lima Humboldt received samples of guano, a mixture of bird droppings from the Chincha Islands off the Peruvian coast, which he took to Europe and had analyzed by the most famous chemists in France and Germany. The results showed outstanding fertilizing effects, in particular due to the high content of nitrogen and phosphorus. The ensuing boom starting from the 1840s influenced agriculture in Europe and the economy of Peru seriously. Some aspects of this historical development may give an idea of the ensuing change not only in agriculture. Résumé Il y a un aspect du voyage de Alexander von Humboldt en Amérique du Sud (1799─1804 qui jusqu’à présent a été peu considéré. Ses études de la flore at le da

  10. Functional characterization of a GFAP variant of uncertain significance in an Alexander disease case within the setting of an individualized medicine clinic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boczek, Nicole J; Sigafoos, Ashley N; Zimmermann, Michael T; Maus, Rachel L; Cousin, Margot A; Blackburn, Patrick R; Urrutia, Raul; Clark, Karl J; Patterson, Marc C; Wick, Myra J; Klee, Eric W

    2016-09-01

    A de novo GFAP variant, p.R376W, was identified in a child presenting with hypotonia, developmental delay, and abnormal brain MRI. Following the 2015 ACMG variant classification guidelines and the functional studies showing protein aggregate formation in vitro, p.R376W should be classified as a pathogenic variant, causative for Alexander disease.

  11. Alexander Graham Bell's Patent for the Telephone and Thomas Edison's Patent for the Electric Lamp. The Constitution Community: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schur, Joan Brodsky

    In 1876 Americans held a Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) to celebrate the nation's birth 100 years earlier. Machinery Hall drew the most admiration and wonder. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited the first telephone, and Thomas Alva Edison presented the automatic telegraph, one of more than 1,000 inventions he would patent in his…

  12. Hallar e inventar a un público. Nuevos proyectos editoriales acerca de la obra de Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in español, abstracts in englisch, español and german.In Latin America, Alexander von Humboldt was and is known as one of the most famous historic and literary figures; in his own country, though, the acquaintance with his texts has until the 80s been reduced to groups of specialized scholars. Yet, for a couple of years, a growing interest in the works of Humboldt can be noticed, based on numerous new editions, which have been published since. Among others, these are the new edition of the Relation historique (1991, the editions of the „Humboldt Project“ (2004-2006 as part of the „Andere Bibliothek“, as well as current projects on German editions concerning Asie Centrale and the Examen critique.

  13. Jade aus Amerika und weitere Grünsteinobjekte von Alexander von Humboldt aus dem Berliner Mineralienkabinett

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renate Nöller

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and German.Alexander von Humboldt sent samples of minerals from America not only for scientific or economic purposes. We also find carved pieces made out of green stone material known as Jade, that has been culturally very important in Mesoamerica. In Europe these green stone objects have been treated differently. The Jade-Celt and the Sun-Disc - known as “Humboldt-Axt” and “Humboldt-Scheibe” - both lost during the second world war, had gained great interest, whereas a small head-pendant - made out of Jade has been totally forgotten. The samples reflect the understanding of their worth in distinct cultural contexts.

  14. Alexander von Humboldt y la génesis de la geografía física moderna

    OpenAIRE

    Antonio Carlos Vitte; Roberison Wittgenstein Dias da Silveira

    2011-01-01

    El artículo discute la formación de los conceptos de la naturaleza, espacio y morfología en la obra de Alexander von Humboldt y sus impactos en la constitución de la geografía física moderna. Influido por las reflexiones de Kant en la Crítica del Juicio, por los trabajos de Goethe y de Schelling, Humboldt desarrollará una nueva interpretación y representación de la naturaleza en la superficie terrestre, donde el concepto de espacialidad será fundamental para la explicación de los fenómenos de...

  15. The appearance of the artist to the people: the creativity, personality and malady of Alexander Ivanov (1806-58).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lerner, Vladimir; Witztum, Eliezer

    2005-02-01

    Alexander Ivanov was an outstanding Russian painter who lived in the middle of the nineteenth century, during the romantic period. He did not accept romanticism but instead tried to create his own original style, an ambitious combination of spiritual profundity and a manner of execution unparalleled in Western European art. Ivanov's intention and style are best reflected in his major work The Appearance of Christ to the People, a picture on which he worked for over 20 years. He painted more than 400 sketches of the picture while attempting to bring his masterpiece to perfection. At the end of his life Ivanov became disillusioned, renounced his strong religious conviction and became suspicious. This study examines the influence of his background, life story and personality on the creative process. From a diagnostic perspective, Ivanov's personality featured obsessive, narcissistic and schizoid traits. In his final years he suffered from a delusional disorder.

  16. The evolution of ultrahigh carbon steels - from the Great Pyramids, to Alexander the Great, to Y2K

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadsworth, J

    1999-10-01

    Hypereutectoid steels containing between about 1 and 2.1 wt%C, and now known as ultrahigh carbon steels (UHCS), have both a rich history (dating back to the time of Alexander the Great, i.e. {approximately} 300 BC) and an interesting, recent, technological period of development (from 1975 to the present). The connections between the modern UHCS and their ancient counterparts, and in particular Damascus steels, have received considerable attention. In addition to monolithic products, UHCS have also been used in both ancient and modern times in laminated composites. In the present paper, a summary of the modern development of UHCS and UHCS-containing laminates is given, and parallels are drawn with ancient materials. Also, ancient laminated composites containing other steels are described; controversial issues and a possible solution related to the age of such a laminate found in the Great Pyramid of Gizeh are discussed.

  17. Alexander von Humboldt y la génesis de la geografía física moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Vitte

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in Spanish. AbstractThis article discusses the genesis of modern physical geography since the formation of the concepts of nature, space and morphology in the writings of Alexander von Humboldt. Influenced by the reflections of Kant in the “Critique of Judgment”, the writings of Goethe and Schelling, Humboldt has developed a new interpretation and representation of nature in the earth’s surface that turned the concept of space out to be crucial to the explanation of the phenomena of nature. A complex starting point of influences as such aesthetics or self developed instrumentals has structured modern Physical Geography through a principle of connection between artistic and scientific invention in the geographic concept of landscape.

  18. James Sowerby: meteorites and his meteoritic sword made for the Emperor of Russia, Alexander I, in 1814

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Paul

    2013-01-01

    James Sowerby included meteorites in his publications of British and exotic natural history and so raised interest in their nature and origins at a time of much debate and involving the President of the Royal Society, Sir Joseph Banks. The celebrations over the defeat of France in 1814 prompted Sowerby to make a sword from the Cape of Good Hope iron meteorite to present to the Russian Emperor, Alexander I, at the time of his state visit to London in June 1814 and in recognition of his achievements in bringing peace to Europe. The story of its attempted presentation, its final reception and the following response, including publications, all helped to increase interest in meteorites and their properties. The rediscovery of the sword after a lengthy disappearance probably brings an unusual saga to a fitting close.

  19. Steers performance fed diets with Alexander grass silage (Urochloa plantaginea x sorghum silage (Sorghum bicolor (L. Moench

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flânia Mônego Argenta

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the parameters related to feedlot beef steers fed with Alexander grass silage or sorghum silage as roughage source. Twelve animals with initial average of weight and age of 245 kg and 20 months, respectively, belonging to Nellore (N, Charolais (C, 21/32 N 11/32 C, 21/32 C 11/32 N; 43/64 N 21/64 C and 43/64 C 21/64 N genetic groups were used. The ration was composed by a roughage:concentrate relation of 50:50 (dry matter basis, offered at ease. The dry matter, crude protein, ether extract, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber daily intake didn’t differ between roughage sources, being the medium values of 10.18; 1.28; 0.20; 4.96 and 2.51 kg/day, respectively. However, the ether extract intake by metabolic size and by corporal weight percentage were higher for the one that consumed sorghum silage, obtaining values of 2.74 and 2.36 g/metabolic size and 0.06 and 0.05 kg/100 kg of live weight. The same behavior was observed for digestible energy intake, presenting values of 364.87 and 302.83 g/metabolic size and 8.10 and 7.02 kg/100 kg of live weight. The daily average gain, final corporal score and feed conversion weren’t influenced by roughage type, being the values of 1.31 kg; 4.05 points and 7.78 kg of DM/kg of weight gain, respectively. The Alexander grass silage is a feasible alternative as its substitution in relation to sorghum silage.

  20. Painting Style of Alexander Colville%亚历克斯·科尔维尔的绘画风格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江严冰

    2016-01-01

    Alexander Colville is one of the most famous artists in contemporary Canada. His works are of an exquisite painting style and diverse themes, most of which focus on real life to convey his relatively constant creation in-tention. All his works are designed and composed by rational means to form cool pictures with a sense of order. Alexan-der Colville is one of a small number of artists who connect time and space together in the contemporary era. He repro-duces ordinary life scenes in his paintings with unique techniques and inventive treatment, making his works have an un-realistic meaning remarkably different from the real life and thus successfully conveying the sense of alienation between people in the modern society.%科尔维尔是加拿大当今最著名的画家之一。他的作品画风细腻,题材多样,多是围绕现实生活展开创作,传达出相对恒定的创作意图。作品通过理性的手段规划构图,形成冷峻而有秩序感的画面。画中平常的生活场景由于画家的独特手法及其独具匠心的处理而意味非常。他成功地将现代社会人与人之间的疏离感传达出来,是当代为数不多的将时间与空间关联在一起的画家。

  1. Impact of the Alexander technique on well-being: a randomised controlled trial involving older adults with visual impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, Michael; Sherrington, Catherine; Lo, Serigne; Auld, Robin; Keay, Lisa

    2017-02-01

    Older adults with visual loss have high rates of depression, restricted participation and reduced quality of life. We sought to measure the impact of lessons in the Alexander technique on vision-related emotional and social well-being, as secondary outcomes to a study on improving physical functioning in this population. This is a single-blind randomised controlled trial. One hundred and twenty community-dwelling adults aged 50 to 90 years with visual impairments were randomised to either 12 Alexander lessons over 12 weeks and usual care or usual care. The Perceived Visual Ability Scale, the Keele Assessment of Participation, the emotional subscale of the Impact of Vision Impairment Profile, the Positive and Negative Affect Scale and the five-item Geriatric Depression Scale were administered at baseline and three and 12 months. Participants were receiving services from Guide Dogs NSW/ACT. None of the validated questionnaires found statistically significant improvements after adjustment for baseline at three or 12 months, although the emotional subscale of the Impact of Vision Impairment approached significance in favour of the intervention group (4.54 points, 95 per cent CI: -0.14 to 9.21, p = 0.06). Depressive symptoms were prevalent and associated with greater impact of visual impairment on emotional well-being (odds ratio: 1.12, 95 per cent CI: 1.07 to 1.17, p visual impairment showed a trend toward less distress in the intervention group. Our data found that emotional distress associated with visual impairment influences depressive symptoms but contrary to expectations, the level of social support received was not significant. Additionally, gait speed is a significant predictor of depressive symptoms, suggesting that general mobility is of importance to the well-being of older adults with visual impairments. © 2017 Optometry Australia.

  2. Non-Euclidean Space, Movement and Astronomy in Modern Art: Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Vanja

    2013-09-01

    John Keats once wrote that `there is no such thing as time and space' rather, believing that time and space are mental constructs that are subject to a variety of forms and as diverse as the human mind. In the 1920s through the 1930s, modern physics in many ways supported this idea through the various philosophical writings on the Theory of General Relativity to the masses by scientists such as Arthur Eddington and Albert Einstein. These new concepts of modern physics fundamentally changed our understanding of time and space and had substantial philosophical implications, which were absorbed by modern artists resulting in the 1936 Dimensionist Manifesto. Seeking to internalize the developments of modern science within modern art, this manifesto was widely endorsed by the most prominent figures of the avant-garde such as Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Naum Gabo, Joan Miró, László Moholy-Nagy, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexander Calder. Of particular interest to this manifesto was the new concept of the fourth-dimension, which in many ways revolutionized the arts. Importantly, its interpretation varied widely in the artistic community, ranging from a purely physical four-dimensional space, to a kinetic concept of space in which space and time are linked, to a metaphysical interest in a space that exists beyond the material realm. The impact of modern science and astronomy on avant-garde art is currently a bourgeoning area of research with considerable implications to our rethinking of substantial artistic figures of this era. Through a case study of Alexander Calder's Mobiles and Ben Nicholson's Reliefs, this paper explores how these artworks were informed by an interest in modern science.

  3. Filmiajakirjanikud valisid "Lotte" / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing andis aasta 2000 parima filmi tiitli joonisfilmile "Lotte" : režissöörid Janno Põldma, Heiki Ernits : Eesti Joonisfilm 2000. Ka nimetusele konkureerinud filmidest "Suur õde" ja "Teekond Nirvaanasse" ning EFÜ poolt pärjatutest alates 1993. aastast

  4. ETV laiendab filmiskaalat / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Televisioonis näidatud filme - Concordia tudengite "Hüvasti igaveseks, Värdjad!" : autorid Liina Paakspuu, Kadriann Kibus ja dokumentaalfilm sõjafotograaf James Nachtwey'st "Sõjafotograaf" ("War Photographer") : autor Christian Frei : Šveits 2001

  5. Salatoimikud Eesti moodi / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Animafilmist "Frank ja Wendy", mis tehtud töökollektiivis koondnimega David Snowman = Priit Pärn, Ülo Pikkov, Priit Tender ja Kaspar Jancis : Eesti Joonisfilm 2004. Lisatud lühiintervjuu Piit Pärnaga

  6. Soomlaste imerelv Nokia / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2001-01-01

    Lühiülevaade Nokia kontserni ajaloost, toetudes hiljuti ilmunud Martti Häikiö raamatule "Nokia inside story". Diagrammid ja skeem: Nokia aktsia hind börsil 1992-2000; Nokia enda investeeringud ning Soome riigi osa %-des 1981-2000; Nokia tehased ning ettevõtted Soomes aastal 1975

  7. ETV laiendab filmiskaalat / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Televisioonis näidatud filme - Concordia tudengite "Hüvasti igaveseks, Värdjad!" : autorid Liina Paakspuu, Kadriann Kibus ja dokumentaalfilm sõjafotograaf James Nachtwey'st "Sõjafotograaf" ("War Photographer") : autor Christian Frei : Šveits 2001

  8. Salatoimikud Eesti moodi / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Animafilmist "Frank ja Wendy", mis tehtud töökollektiivis koondnimega David Snowman = Priit Pärn, Ülo Pikkov, Priit Tender ja Kaspar Jancis : Eesti Joonisfilm 2004. Lisatud lühiintervjuu Piit Pärnaga

  9. Experiment und Wissensvermittlung. Alexander von Humboldts Darstellungsmethoden in seinen Versuchen über die gereizte Muskel- und Nervenfaser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Stöger

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Alexander von Humboldt hat sich in jungen Jahren mit galvanischen Experimenten beschäftigt und die Resultate in einem umfassenden, zweibändigen Werk publiziert. Dabei zeigte er nicht nur, dass er als Experimentator und Teil der wissenschaftlichen Gemeinschaft fähig war, sich mit einem so neuen und komplexen Phänomen zu beschäftigen. Es lässt sich auch erkennen, dass er bereits in dieser frühen Schrift versuchte, das umfangreiche Wissen dem Leser zugänglich zu machen. Der Artikel betrachtet Humboldts Galvanismusschrift Versuche über die gereizte Muskel- und Nervenfaser (1797–1798 und untersucht einige Elemente wie Anhänge und Schreibstil, die Humboldt nutzte, um die umfangreichen Informationen zu ordnen und dem Leser so neben den Big Data seiner Erkenntnisse auch passende Suchfunktionen zur Verfügung zu stellen, die eine gezielte Nutzung überhaupt ermöglichen.  Abstract In the early stages of his scientific career, Alexander von Humboldt took an interest in experiments in galvanism. He publicised the results in a two-volume work under the title Versuche über die gereizte Muskel- und Nervenfaser (Experiments on the Stimulated Muscle and Nerve Fibre in 1797 and 1798. In this treatise, he presented himself as competent experimenter and member of the scientific community, but also demonstrated that he was capable of researching new and complex phenomena. These volumes also provide insight into his early attempts to facilitate the readers’ access to the extensive information he had compiled. This article analyses some aspects of Humboldt’s efforts to arrange his vast numbers of observations and theories, for example by means of appendices and narrative style, which he used not only to present the resulting big data collected during his research, but also to make it possible for the reader to organise and utilise this data.   Resumen A temprana edad Alexander von Humboldt se dedicó a galvanismo. En 1797 y 1798

  10. Shakespeare à l’écran : Makibefo d’Alexander Abela, un exemple extrême d’appropriation culturelle Alexander Abela’s Makibefo: an Example of Radical Cultural Appropriation on Screen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Marie Costantini-Cornède

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Abela’s Makibefo (1999 shot in Madagascar and played by non-professional actors. The use of the Antandroy people or “an ancient tribe” who had never even seen a film before, is an example of cultural appropriation or a “transcultural” approach to the play, a complex process of rewriting which consists in a narrative and aesthetic remoulding of the play adapted. By transposing the play Macbeth to an unusual context, a poor fishermen’s village lost at the other end of the world, the filmmaker means to enhance its mythic and universal dimension. He resorts to various narrative and aesthetic strategies such as plot displacements, character suppressions or dialogue simplifications as well as ample and systematic use of cinematic rhetoric (camera movements, framing and angle shot effects or light contrasts, which helps create a filmic mode. The process is paradoxical, as it is not so much meant to deconstruct the play as to reconstruct its essential meaning in a novel, powerful and visionary way, thus offering an alternative reading of the play.

  11. „Warum ich nicht Diorit-Trachyt sagen soll.“ – Ein geologischer Brief Gustav Roses an Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Treuber

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Gustav Rose (1798-1873 begleitete Alexander von Humboldt auf seiner Russlandreise und stand bis zu Humboldts Tod persönlich und postalisch zum ihm in Kontakt. Die Edition des vorliegenden Briefs zielt darauf ab, die Bedeutung der Person Gustav Rose in ihrer Beziehung zu Alexander von Humboldt und ihrem Einfluss auf den mineralogisch-geologischen Teil des Kosmos zu beleuchten und dem Leser dieses interessante historische Dokument zugänglich zu machen. Abstract Gustav Rose (1798-1873 accompanied Humboldt on his journey to Russia. He kept in touch with Humboldt after this expedition until Humboldt died in 1859. The edition of the letter at hand aims at highlighting Rose’s relation to Humboldt and how he influenced the geological and mineralogical part of the Kosmos. It shall also make this impressive historical document accessible to readers by providing illustrating annotations.

  12. Une reconstruction éliasienne de la théorie d'Alexander Wendt : pour une approche relationniste de la politique internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Lacassagne, Aurélie

    2008-01-01

    520 p.; This thesis proposes a critical deconstruction of Alexander Wendt's theory. We underline the genealogy of his thought in the contexts of social theory and international relations theory.Thus, we can say that the Wendtian theory does not solve the agency-structure problem, but actually emphasizes the very terminological problem of this debate. In particular, Wendt's will to synthesize two co-determinist approaches – critical realism and constructivism – shows the deadlock of such a thi...

  13. Two Exceptional Witnesses of Latin American Independence: The Prussian Explorer Alexander Von Humboldt and The Virginian Politician Thomas Jefferson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Rebok

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza las respectivas posturas de Alexander von Humboldt y Thomas Jefferson en relación con la independencia de los territorios hispanoamericanos y el modo en que estas se hallaban condicionadas por sus propias experiencias: Humboldt, como observador de la situación americana justo antes del comienzo de los movimientos independentistas; y Jefferson, como actor importante en la independencia de los EE.UU. y la posterior creación de una nueva sociedad. Asimismo, no se pueden estudiar sus respectivas posiciones hacia los movimientos independentistas en la América española, desvinculadas de sus conclusiones respecto a la Revolución francesa y sus consecuencias. El trabajo muestra de qué manera los dos personajes comentaron estos sucesos en la correspondencia que mantuvieron entre sí. Finalmente, también se evalúan, a través de estos famosos representantes del llamado Nuevo Mundo y el Viejo Mundo, las diferencias y similitudes en la manera de reaccionar ante estos eventos políticos y sociales desde el punto de vista europeo, en comparación con la mirada desde Norteamérica.

  14. Growing community: the impact of the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program on the social and learning environment in primary schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Block, Karen; Gibbs, Lisa; Staiger, Petra K; Gold, Lisa; Johnson, Britt; Macfarlane, Susie; Long, Caroline; Townsend, Mardie

    2012-08-01

    This article presents results from a mixed-method evaluation of a structured cooking and gardening program in Australian primary schools, focusing on program impacts on the social and learning environment of the school. In particular, we address the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden Program objective of providing a pleasurable experience that has a positive impact on student engagement, social connections, and confidence within and beyond the school gates. Primary evidence for the research question came from qualitative data collected from students, parents, teachers, volunteers, school principals, and specialist staff through interviews, focus groups, and participant observations. This was supported by analyses of quantitative data on child quality of life, cooperative behaviors, teacher perceptions of the school environment, and school-level educational outcome and absenteeism data. Results showed that some of the program attributes valued most highly by study participants included increased student engagement and confidence, opportunities for experiential and integrated learning, teamwork, building social skills, and connections and links between schools and their communities. In this analysis, quantitative findings failed to support findings from the primary analysis. Limitations as well as benefits of a mixed-methods approach to evaluation of complex community interventions are discussed.

  15. Listening to the whispers of matter through Arabic hermeticism: new studies on The Book of the Treasure of Alexander.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfonso-Goldfarb, Ana Maria; Jubran, Safa Abou Chahla

    2008-07-01

    The Jabirian Corpus refers to the K. Thahirat Al-'Iskandar, "The Book of the Treasure of Alexander" (hereafter BTA), as one of several forgeries suggesting that alchemical secrets were hidden in inscriptions in various places. The book was neglected until 1926, when Julius Ruska discussed it in his work on the Emerald Tablet, placing the BTA within the literature related to the development of Arabic alchemy. His preliminary study became an essential reference and encouraged many scholars to work on the BTA in the following decades. Some years ago, we completed the first translation of the BTA into a Western language. The work was based on the acephalous Escorial manuscript, which we identified as a fourteenth-century copy of the BTA. This manuscript is peculiar, as part of it is encoded. After finishing our translation, we started to establish the text of the BTA. At present, the text is in process of fixation--to be followed by textual criticism--and has been the main focus of a thorough study of ours on medieval hermeticism and alchemy. A sample of the work currently in progress is presented in this paper: an analysis of the variations between different manuscripts along with a study and English translation of its alchemical chapter.

  16. Alexander von Humboldt: galvanism, animal electricity, and self-experimentation part 1: formative years, naturphilosophie, and galvanism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Piccolino, Marco; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2013-01-01

    During the 1790s, Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859), who showed an early interest in many facets of natural philosophy and natural history, delved into the controversial subject of galvanism and animal electricity, hoping to shed light on the basic nature of the nerve force. He was motivated by his broad worldview, the experiments of Luigi Galvani, who favored animal electricity in more than a few specialized fishes, and the thinking of Alessandro Volta, who accepted specialized fish electricity but was not willing to generalize to other animals, thinking Galvani's frog experiments flawed by his use of metals. Differing from many German Naturphilosophen, who shunned "violent" experiments, the newest instruments, and detailed measurement, Humboldt conducted thousands of galvanic experiments on animals and animal parts, as well as many on his own body, some of which caused him great pain. He interpreted his results as supporting some but not all of the claims made by both Galvani and Volta. Notably, because of certain negative findings and phenomenological differences, he remained skeptical about the intrinsic animal force being qualitatively identical to true electricity. Hence, he referred to a "galvanic force," not animal electricity, in his letters and publications, a theoretical position he would abandon with Volta's help early in the new century.

  17. Alexander von Humboldt: galvanism, animal electricity, and self-experimentation part 2: the electric eel, animal electricity, and later years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finger, Stanley; Piccolino, Marco; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2013-01-01

    After extensive experimentation during the 1790s, Alexander von Humboldt remained skeptical about "animal electricity" (and metallic electricity), writing instead about an ill-defined galvanic force. With his worldview and wishing to learn more, he studied electric eels in South America just as the new century began, again using his body as a scientific instrument in many of his experiments. As had been the case in the past and for many of the same reasons, some of his findings with the electric eel (and soon after, Italian torpedoes) seemed to argue against biological electricity. But he no longer used galvanic terminology when describing his electric fish experiments. The fact that he now wrote about animal electricity rather than a different "galvanic" force owed much to Alessandro Volta, who had come forth with his "pile" (battery) for multipling the physical and perceptable effects of otherwise weak electricity in 1800, while Humboldt was deep in South America. Humboldt probably read about and saw voltaic batteries in the United States in 1804, but the time he spent with Volta in 1805 was probably more significant in his conversion from a galvanic to an electrical framework for understanding nerve and muscle physiology. Although he did not continue his animal electricity research program after this time, Humboldt retained his worldview of a unified nature and continued to believe in intrinsic animal electricity. He also served as a patron to some of the most important figures in the new field of electrophysiology (e.g., Hermann Helmholtz and Emil du Bois-Reymond), helping to take the research that he had participated in to the next level.

  18. Geosciences Information for Teachers (GIFT) Workshops held in Conjunction with Alexander von Humboldt (AvH) EGU Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laj, Carlo; Cifelli, Francesca

    2015-04-01

    The Alexander von Humboldt Conference Series of the European Geosciences Union are a series of meetings held outside of Europe, in particular in South America, Africa or Asia, on selected topics of geosciences with a socio-economic impact for regions on these continents, jointly organised with the scientists and their institutes and the institutions of these regions. Given the increasing success of the GIFT workshops held in conjunction with the General Assemblies, since 2010 EGU has also developed a series of GIFT workshops held in conjunction with AvH conferences. Associated GIFT workshops were held in Merida, Yucatan, on the theme of Climate Change, Natural Hazards and Societies (March 2010), then in Penang, Malaysia (June 2011) on the theme of Ocean Acidification, in November 2012 in Cusco (Peru) on the theme of Natural Disasters, Global Change and the Preservation of World Heritage Sites, finally in Istanbul (March 2014) on "High Impact Natural Hazards Related to the Euro-Mediterranean Region. The next GIFT workshop is already planned for October 2015 in Adis Ababa (Ethiopia) on the theme "Water". In each case, the GIFT workshop was held on the last two days of the AvH conference and reunited 40-45 teachers from the nation where the AvH was held. Keynote speakers from AvH were speakers to the GIFT workshops which also included hands-on activities animated by sciences educators. These GIFT workshops represented the first workshops specifically aimed at teachers held in the country, and therefore represents a significant Earth Sciences contribution to secondary education in non European countries.

  19. Una propuesta de la integración psicocorporal a través de la técnica Alexander y la danza movimiento terapia

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Martínez, Laura

    2012-01-01

    Este trabajo es una propuesta de integración de la Técnica Alexander y la Danza Movimiento Terapia. Partiendo de la realidad de que ambas técnicas tienen como objetivo final la integración de la dimensión de la psique, del cuerpo y de la emoción, para restaurar el equilibrio integral del ser humano que como consecuencia aporta un estado de salud al individuo. Cada una de ellas se posiciona sobre un camino diferente hacia la curación, aunque comparten muchas bases en común. Una de ellas trata ...

  20. Entre a batuta e o tubo de ensaio: a carreira admirável de Alexandre Borodin Between baton and test tube: the admirable career of Alexander Borodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. L. Filgueiras

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Borodin (1833-1887 is a singularity in the history of science. Whereas other scientists may have kept lifelong interests in some artistic field, he was unique in pursuing with great success two parallel careers in both chemistry and music, managing to excell in both to the end of his life. Although he considered himself primarily a chemist, present-day appreciation of his powerful music has greatly surpassed interest for his chemistry. This article treats the life and the unusual double career of the Russian chemist-musician.

  1. A guinada quântica no pensamento de Alexander Wendt e suas implicações para a teoria das Relações Internacionais

    OpenAIRE

    Riche, Flávio Elias

    2012-01-01

    A pesquisa em questão tem por objetivo operar uma análise crítica do pensamento de Alexander Wendt. Tomando por base o termo guinada quântica, é realizada uma clivagem entre a produção teórica que tem em Social theory of international politics seu marco principal e textos mais recentes nos quais o autor postula uma nova ontologia e epistemologia da política internacional, fundadas em aportes oriundos da física quântica e da filosofia da mente. M...

  2. [Considerations on the concepts of nature, space, and morphology in Alexander von Humboldt and on the genesis of modern physical geography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitte, Antonio Carlos; Silveira, Roberison Wittgenstein Dias da

    2010-01-01

    The article discusses how Alexander von Humboldt developed the concepts of nature, space, and morphology in his works and impacted the shaping of modern physical geography. Influenced by Kant's ideas in Critique of judgment and also by the writings of Goethe and Schelling, Humboldt devised a new interpretation and representation of nature on Earth's surface, wherein the concept of space is essential to explaining natural phenomena. Modern physical geography is grounded in a complex interweaving of aesthetic and instrumental influences fashioned by Humboldt, with the principle of connection playing an important role in the artistic and scientific development of the notion of a geographic landscape.

  3. Die Studiensituation an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. Abschlussbericht der Studierendenbefragung "FAU-Panel" 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Schulz, Florian

    2014-01-01

    Das "FAU-Panel" ist die zentrale Studierendenbefragung an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU). Es wird seit 2011 jährlich durchgeführt. Inzwischen liegen Daten von vier Erhebungen vor. Das "FAU-Panel" ist wichtig, weil es gut dafür geeignet ist, die Meinung der Studierenden fakultäts- und fächerübergreifend zu erfragen. Im Rahmen der Umfrage werden Informationen erhoben, die einen Blick auf die Studienbedingungen an der FAU insgesamt ermöglichen. Ergänzend zu den E...

  4. Die Studiensituation an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. Abschlussbericht der Studierendenbefragung "FAU-Panel" 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Schulz, Florian

    2014-01-01

    Das "FAU-Panel" ist die zentrale Studierendenbefragung an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU). Das "FAU-Panel" gibt es seit 2011, im Jahr 2012 wurde die zweite, Anfang 2013 die dritte Erhebung der Umfrage durchgeführt. Die Befragung ist Teil einer "Studienverlaufsanalyse", deren Ziel es ist, die Studiensituation sowie die Studienverläufe von Studierenden an der FAU empirisch abzubilden. Das "FAU-Panel" ist wichtig, weil es die einzige Möglichkeit ist, die Meinung d...

  5. Die Studiensituation an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. Abschlussbericht der Studierendenbefragung FAU-Panel 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Christopher

    2015-01-01

    Das FAU-Panel ist die zentrale Studierendenbefragung an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU). Es wird seit 2011 jährlich durchgeführt. Inzwischen liegen Daten von fünf Erhebungen vor. Das FAU-Panel ist wichtig, da es gut dafür geeignet ist, die Meinungen der Studierenden fakultäts- und fächerübergreifend zu erfragen. Im Rahmen der Umfrage werden Informationen erhoben, die einen Blick auf die Studienbedingungen an der FAU insgesamt ermöglichen. Ergänzend zu den Evalu...

  6. How our changing research arena can inspire innovative environmental research in developing countries (Alexander von Humboldt Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouma, Johan

    2017-04-01

    Alexander von Humboldt was a true pioneer by engagingly articulating an ecosystem-wide vision on environmental issues and research, connecting and moving beyond disciplinary boundaries. Focusing here on soil science as an important discipline within the geosciences, the work of our group has acted in the spirit of this approach by focusing on interdisciplinary systems research in different developing countries in close interaction with stakeholders, based on soil processes in a dynamic landscape context. But recent developments of internet and social media are drastically changing relations between science and society all over the world. Scientists have to continuously struggle to keep their "societal license to research". Researchers in so-called developed countries would be well advised to communicate lessons learned to scientists in developing countries allowing them to leapfrog and avoid making time- consuming mistakes adhering to yesterday's practices. Specifically, attention should be paid to: (i) more continuing interaction with stakeholders when planning and executing research. This takes time that should be allocated in research projects. ; (ii) the quality of a limited number of key papers rather than on the total number of published and cited scientific papers, when judging researchers; (iii) defining new research on the basis of proven inadequacy of existing techniques and methods, realizing that "new" is not necessarily "better" and that available research methods and procedures can solve many current environmental problems; (iv) showing the value of the scientific approach that does not articulate: "yet another opinion" but is essential to face the major environmental challenges of the 21th century. (v) demonstrate the crucial importance of interdisciplinary ecosystem research and innovation when addressing the seventeen UN Sustainable Developments Goals (SDG's) that are attractive now as a focus for the scientific effort in land-related research. (vi

  7. Alexander von Humboldts Weltbild

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Knobloch

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German. Abstracts in German and English. The paper is divided into five sections. It begins by showing the similarity between Humboldt's world view and that of the Pythagoreans. It inquires into Humboldt's notion of nature that comprehends natura naturans and natura naturata as well. Numbers are powers of the univers. They especially occur in the 'only decisive method' that is in the method of mean values. This method makes it possible to recognize the law guiding the changes of variable quantities. The botanical arithmetic and earth magnetism provide examples. Finally the paper explains how Humboldt combined the three possible approaches to the world that is thinking, acting, and regarding by means of the notion of knowledge.

  8. Steinpatrizen aus dem alten Kolumbien zur Vorbereitung des Gusses von Goldobjekten in verlorener Form Alexander von Humboldts „Kalendersteine“ der Muisca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Thiemer-Sachse

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Im vorspanischen Zentralkolumbien, vor allem in der Muisca-Kultur, wurden Hochreliefs auf Steinpatrizen zur Abformung von Wachsmatrizen für den Guss in verlorener Form benutzt, die Alexander von Humboldt irrtümlich für „Kalendersteine“ der Muisca hielt. Der wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Überblick beschäftigt sich mit den Ursachen dieses Irrtums und dessen Überwindung. Resumen En la región central de la Colombia prehispánica, especialmente en la cultura muisca, se utilizaron altos relieves en pátrices de piedra para moldear mátrices de cera para la fundición en cera perdida, erroneamente comprendidos por Alejandro de Humboldt como piedras de un “calendario” muisca. El conjunto de la historia de la ciencia trata de las causas y de la abnegación de esa idea. Abstract In pre-Hispanic central Colombia, especially in the region of the Muiscan culture, there were high reliefs on stone patrixes used for molding stencils (matrixes to found metals with the lost wax casting method. Alexander von Humboldt understood them as “calendar stones” of the Muisca. A survey of the history of science considers the reasons for and the surmounting of this erroneous idea.

  9. Dislocation-density-based modeling of the plastic behavior of 4H-SiC single crystals using the Alexander-Haasen model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, B.; Kakimoto, K.

    2014-01-01

    To dynamically model the plastic deformation of 4H-SiC single crystals during physical vapor transport (PVT) growth, the Alexander-Haasen model, originally proposed for the elemental semiconductor, is extended into IV-IV compound semiconductors. By fitting the model parameters to the experimental data, we show that the Alexander-Haasen model can describe the plastic deformation of 4H-SiC single crystals if the activation of the carbon-core partial dislocation is modeled in the high-temperature region (above 1000 °C) and the silicon-core partial dislocation is modeled in the low-temperature region (below 1000 °C). We then apply the same model to the dynamical deformation process of a 4H-SiC single crystal during PVT growth. The time evolution of the dislocation density is shown, and the effects of the cooling time on the final dislocation density, residual stress and stacking faults are also examined.

  10. Alexander von Humboldt im Spiegel der spanischen Presse. Zur Wahrnehmung seiner Person und seiner Ideen während der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Rebok

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English, Spanish and German.This article shows the image of Alexander von Humboldt that was created in the Spanish press, both in his professional career and his personal life, from his departure to America in 1799, until his death in 1859. This kind of analysis needs to look into two topics: firstly, the aspects of his personality, his life, his work and his ideas mentioned or emphasized in publications published in those years and secondly, the facets that are not shown; both aspects will form the image that the authors intended to project.In both cases this essay attempts to interpret the intentions that might have been behind the «focus» used by the different publications. As part of this analysis, special importance has been given to the importance attributed to Humboldt in relation to two important events: the Spanish American colonial movement for independence and the beginning of what is nowadays called «modernity».This phase of Spanish History coincides with a changing and complex political-social context, which explains the need to consider not only the moderate press published in Spain under absolutist censorship, but also to include the liberal press of the opposition leaders exiled in London, in order to be able to see the different perception that these papers offered of Alexander von Humboldt.

  11. Alexander von Humboldt und Carlos Montúfar als Reisegefährten: ein Vergleich ihrer Tagebücher zum Chimborazo-Aufstieg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhard Andress

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available ZusammenfassungAls Alexander von Humboldt im Juni 1802 von Quito aus zum Rest seiner lateinamerikanischen Forschungsreise aufbrach, begleitete ihn, abgesehen von Aimé Bonpland, Carlos Montúfar bis nach Europa zurück begleitet, u.a. auch auf beim Versuch, den Chimborazo zu ersteigen. Bis kurz vor der Stadt Cajamarca im heutigen Peru schrieb Montúfar ein relativ unbekanntes Tagebuch zur Reise. Nach einem kurzen Ausflug in das Leben von Humboldts Begleiter steht im Zentrum der weiteren Ausführungen die Frage, ob sein Tagebuch ein anderes Licht auf Humboldt und speziell auf den Aufstiegsversuch wirft. Das läuft auf einen Vergleich der Tagebücher der beiden Reisegefährten hinaus und auf den Versuch, die scheinbaren Widersprüche aufzulösen.AbstractWhen Alexander von Humboldt left Quito in June 1802 in order to undertake the rest of his Latin-American trip of exploration, he was accompanied, aside from Aimé Bonpland, by Carlos Montúfar all the way back to Europe, including the attempt to scale the Chimborazo. Up to shortly before the city of Cajamarca in today’s Peru, Montúfar wrote an relatively unknown diary account of their travels. After a brief excursion into the life of Humboldt’s companion, the question is considered whether his diary sheds a different light on Humboldt and specifically on the mountain climb. That amounts to a comparison of the diaries of the two travel companions and to an attempt to explain the apparent contradictions.ResumenCuando Alexander von Humboldt salió de Quito en junio de 1802 para continuar con el resto de su viaje de exploración por la América Latina, fue acompañado por Carlos Montúfar además de Aimé Bonpland hasta que volvieron a Europa. Este trayecto incluía la tentativa de llegar a la cima del Chimborazo. Hasta un poco antes de la cuidad de Cajamarca que está en el Perú de hoy día, Montúfar mantenía un diario relativamente no conocido del viaje. Después de una breve excursión por

  12. Rune Frederiksen, Elizabeth R. Gebhard & Alexander Sokolicek (eds., The Architecture of the Ancient Greek Theatre, Monographs of the Danish Institute, Volume 17 (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press and The Danish Institute at Athens, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William C. Miller

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A review of the book: Rune Frederiksen, Elizabeth R. Gebhard & Alexander Sokolicek (eds., The Architecture of the Ancient Greek Theatre, Monographs of the Danish Institute, Volume 17 (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press and The Danish Institute at Athens, 2015

  13. Alexander Agadjanian and Kathy Rousselet (Eds.) (2011). Parish and Community in Today’s Orthodox Christianity: The Grassroots of Russian Religiosity. (Prikhod i obshchina v sovremennom pravoslavii: kornevaia sistema rossiiskoi religioznosti). Moscow: Ves’ Mir (in Russian). – 368 pages

    OpenAIRE

    Ludmila Zhukova

    2014-01-01

    Book review: Alexander Agadjanian and Kathy Rousselet (Eds.) (2011). Parish and Community in Today’s Orthodox Christianity: The Grassroots of Russian Religiosity. (Prikhod i obshchina v sovremennom pravoslavii: kornevaia sistema rossiiskoi religioznosti). Moscow: Ves’ Mir (in Russian). – 368 pages

  14. [Researchers training in the context of the collaborative projects: experiences of Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humbolt", Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gotuzzo, Eduardo; González, Elsa; Verdonck, Kristien

    2010-09-01

    Research is a main element for human and social development. Under this point of view, it involves particular challenges and opportunities for the so-called "developing countries". An approach for those challenges and opportunities comes from the analysis of two interrelated activities; the training of new researchers and the research development with institutions or researchers which are external to the institution ("collaborative research"). Both activities are essential for the consolidation, widening and updating of the institutional capabilities for scientific production. We present here the experiences of the Instituto de Medicina Tropical "Alexander von Humboldt" of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, in relation to the training of new researchers, we discuss the four elements we consider key for this process; the promotion of stimulating environments for research, the proactive identification of fellows, the complementary advice and networks consolidation; and we analyze three successful models of international collaboration for the training of new researchers under different institutional approaches.

  15. Wâhkôhtowin: The Governance of Good Community–Academic Research Relationships to Improve the Health and Well-Being of Children in Alexander First Nation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca J. Gokiert

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Community-based participatory research (CBPR is a promising decolonizing approach to health and social sciences research with First Nation Peoples. In CBPR, the use of a community advisory committee can act as an anchoring site for trusting reciprocal relationships, collaborative decision-making, and co-learning and co-creation. Through a qualitative case study, this article illustrates the collective experiences of a well-established, multidisciplinary, and intersectoral committee that reviews, monitors, and guides multiple research projects in a First Nation community in Canada. Participants of the Alexander Research Committee (ARC share examples of the value of fostering a high level of commitment to building both positive working relationships and learning spaces that ultimately result in research and policy impacts for their community.

  16. Applicability of the three-dimensional Alexander-Haasen model for the analysis of dislocation distributions in single-crystal silicon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, B.; Jiptner, K.; Nakano, S.; Harada, H.; Miyamura, Y.; Sekiguchi, T.; Kakimoto, K.

    2015-02-01

    Applicability of the three-dimensional Alexander-Haasen (AH) model for the analysis of dislocation distributions in single-crystal silicon has been estimated. The numerical results obtained from the AH model agree well with the experimental data for both CZ-Si and FZ-Si crystals with the axis in the [001] direction but do not completely agree with the experimental data for the FZ-Si crystal with the axis in the [111] direction. The inapplicability of the AH model in a crystal with the axis in the [111] direction may arise from the neglect of dislocation propagation in this model, because the dislocation propagation in a crystal with the axis in the [111] direction is more active than that in a crystal with the axis in the [001] direction. Therefore, to increase the applicability of the AH model, it is necessary to include the effect of dislocation propagation.

  17. Le politique, opérateur de la construction des savoirs géographiques modernes: l'exemple des voyages d'Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Péaud

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available RésuméA la charnière du XVIIIème et du XIXème siècle, Alexander von Humboldt réalise une série de voyages scientifiques et géographiques en Europe, en Amérique et en Asie. Connus en grande partie par sa très riche correspondance, ces voyages sont tous marqués par la présence et l’intervention d’acteurs du monde politique européen. Par leur soutien financier, matériel et moral, ainsi que par leur délimitation spatiale, temporelle voire thématique des objets des expéditions, ceux-ci structurent pratiquement et intellectuellement le déroulement des expéditions humboldtiennes.Aux alentours du moment 1800, la géographie se trouve alors engagée dans un mouvement de construction disciplinaire, questionnant ses objets, ses méthodes et ses pratiques. Inséré dans ce processus, le voyage constitue un enjeu identitaire fort de l’élaboration et de la définition des savoirs géographiques modernes. La participation des acteurs politiques dans les voyages interroge leur rôle d’opérateurs de la fabrique scientifique. A partir de l’exemple humboldtien, dans une optique d’histoire et d’épistémologie de la géographie, cet article propose d’engager une analyse relationnelle du couple géographie/politique.ZusammenfassungZwischen 1799 und 1829 unternahm Alexander von Humboldt eine Reihe wissenschaftlicher Reisen durch Europa, Amerika und Asien. Nicht zuletzt dank der überlieferten Korrespondenz sind die Reisen sehr gut dokumentiert: Politische Akteure spielten eine große Rolle bei der Planung und Umsetzung der Reisen. So unterstützten sie Humboldts Reisen sowohl mit materiellen als auch ideellen Mitteln. Mitunter nahmen sie Einfluss auf Routen sowie auf Dauer und thematische Ausrichtung der Reisen. Dies strukturierte die Humboldt’schen Reisen intellektuell und in ihrer praktischen Umsetzung.Um 1800 bildete sich die Geographie zur wissenschaftlichen Disziplin heraus, ihre Forschungsgegenstände, Methoden und

  18. From Outer Space to the Circus Tent. Science Fiction and the Problems of ’68 in Alexander Kluge’s »Die Ungläubige«

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirkland A. Fulk

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores Alexander Kluge’s forgotten work of science fiction Die Ungläubige , Kluge’s literary addendum to Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: ratlos , and places it against the background of the aesthetic debates of 1968 and Kluge’s larger canon. Why did Kluge turn to science fiction at this particular time? How does this genre interrogate, expand on, or even challenge our understanding of Kluge and his aesthetic project, which in many ways cannot be thought apart from this pivotal period in German post-war history? Kluge’s text is at once a sharp critique of capitalist structures and a critical representation of utopian visions of the future, making the work an important piece of aesthetic, social and political commentary.

  19. “Ein beschränkter Verstandesmensch ohne Einbildungskraft” Anmerkungen zu Friedrich Schillers Urteil über Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingo Schwarz

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstract in English. In a letter dated August 6, 1797 to his friend Christian Gottfried Körner, Friedrich Schiller characterized Alexander von Humboldt as a person of limited imagination, who, in spite of his numerous activities, would never be able to achieve greatness in his scientific pursuits. Yet, only in 1849 did Humboldt learn of Schiller’s opinion from the published correspondence between Schiller and Körner. Nonetheless, Humboldt declared that this basically unjust characterization of himself by Schiller would never prevent him from admiring the great German playwright and poet; moreover, Humboldt looked for comfort in a similarly harsh opinion of Johann Gottfried Herder also expressed by Schiller. In the end, Humboldt could barely conceal his feelings of disappointment regarding Schiller’s opinion, especially because Humboldt had considered Schiller to be his friend.

  20. Aportes a la Geomorfología, Geología y Vulcanología de Costa Rica por Alexander von Frantzius

    OpenAIRE

    Asdrúbal Vargas

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo se describen varios aportes realizados por el geocientífico alemán Alexander von Frantzius en varias geociencias. Frantzius fue pionero en la exploración y descripción del entorno geológico y geomorfológico de varias regiones en Costa Rica en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Asociado a su labor de médico también exploró el valle del río Reventazón, Pirris y Tempisque en los cuales además de las descripciones de las rocas aflorantes describía aspectos geomorfológicos, hidrológic...

  1. Non-Euclidean Space, Movement and Astronomy in Modern Art: Alexander Calder’s Mobiles and Ben Nicholson’s Reliefs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malloy Vanja

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available John Keats once wrote that ‘there is no such thing as time and space’ rather, believing that time and space are mental constructs that are subject to a variety of forms and as diverse as the human mind. In the 1920s through the 1930s, modern physics in many ways supported this idea through the various philosophical writings on the Theory of General Relativity to the masses by scientists such as Arthur Eddington and Albert Einstein. These new concepts of modern physics fundamentally changed our understanding of time and space and had substantial philosophical implications, which were absorbed by modern artists resulting in the 1936 Dimensionist Manifesto. Seeking to internalize the developments of modern science within modern art, this manifesto was widely endorsed by the most prominent figures of the avant-garde such as Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp, Naum Gabo, Joan Miró, László Moholy-Nagy, Wassily Kandinsky and Alexander Calder. Of particular interest to this manifesto was the new concept of the fourth-dimension, which in many ways revolutionized the arts. Importantly, its interpretation varied widely in the artistic community, ranging from a purely physical four-dimensional space, to a kinetic concept of space in which space and time are linked, to a metaphysical interest in a space that exists beyond the material realm. The impact of modern science and astronomy on avant-garde art is currently a bourgeoning area of research with considerable implications to our rethinking of substantial artistic figures of this era. Through a case study of Alexander Calder’s Mobiles and Ben Nicholson’s Reliefs, this paper explores how these artworks were informed by an interest in modern science.

  2. Participação das enfermeiras no processo de implantação de práticas obstétricas humanizadas na maternidade Alexander Fleming (1998-2004 Participación de las enfermeras en el proceso de implementación de prácticas de obstetricia humanizada en la maternidade Alexander Fleming (1998-2004 Participation of nurses in the process of implementation of obstetrical practices in the maternity humanized Alexander Fleming (1998-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Márcia Progianti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de natureza histórico-social cujo objetivo é analisar o processo de inserção das enfermeiras na assistência ao parto e as lutas dessas profissionais para implantar as práticas obstétricas humanizadas na Maternidade Alexander Fleming. Utilizou-se a história oral temática como método. As etapas da análise foram: ordenação, classificação e triangulação dos dados. Para sustentação da análise, utilizamos os conceitos de campo, habitus, poder simbólico e capital, de Pierre Bourdieu. Os resultados apontaram que a inserção das enfermeiras na assistência ao parto ocorreu mediante a lotação de recursos humanos para este projeto e de uma capacitação intensiva. Ao serem inseridas no centro obstétrico, as enfermeiras criaram um espaço próprio de atuação e elaboraram um protocolo assistencial. Concluímos que as estratégias de luta simbólica utilizadas pelas enfermeiras contribuíram para a conquista de espaços que as distinguiram no campo pelo desenvolvimento de práticas humanizadas que estavam de acordo com seu habitus.Se trata de un estudio de carácter histórico y social cuya finalidad es analizar el proceso de inserción de las enfermeras en el momento de la entrega y la lucha de estos profesionales para implementar las prácticas obstétricas humanizadas en la Maternidade Alexander Fleming. El método utilizado fue la historia oral temática. Los pasos del análisis fueron: ordenación, clasificación y triangulación de los datos. Para sustentación del análisis se utilizó los conceptos de campo, habitus, poder simbólico y capital, de Pierre Bourdieu. Los resultados mostraron que la inclusión de las enfermeras en la atención del parto se produjo a través de la capacidad de recursos humanos para este proyecto y de un entrenamiento intensivo. Al ser insertado en el centro obstétrico, las enfermeras han creado su propio espacio para la acción y han desarrollado un protocolo de atención. Concluimos que

  3. Scientific findings of Alexander von Humboldt's expedition into the Spanish-American Tropics (1799-1804 from a geographical point of view

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerd Kohlhepp

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Alexander von Humboldt's expedition from 1799 till 1804 to the "equinoctial regions of the new world" led through Venezuela, Cuba, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Mexico. In Europe an increased knowledge of the "New World" was connected with the privately funded journey, which served purely scientific purposes and had nothing to do with the exploration and exploitation of natural resources. Besides the research results, which were based on new measuring methods and the quantitative ascertainment of scientific basics, the journey also made possible detailed descriptions in matters of regional studies including social, socio-economic, political, and economic-geographic circumstances, which were based on empirical field studies. The expedition took place shortly before the political change in Latin America. Humboldt, who still experienced the feudal character of global economy based on slave labor in the colonies, vehemently criticized this economic structure - although he was a noble - and its unbearable social conditions. This is the reason why Humboldt is still admired in Latin America till this day. In Europe the scientific insights of his journey to the tropics and his innovative impulses in geog raphy as well as in many other disciplines brought him fame and lasting recognition as a universal scholar, who had crucial influence on the development of the sciences during the first half of the 19th century.A expedição científica de Alexander von Humboldt de 1799 a 1804 pela região equinocial do novo mundo foi realizada através dos países Venezuela, Cuba, Colômbia, Equador, Peru e México. Esta viagem, destinada à obtenção de novos conhecimentos aprofundados sobre o "novo mundo" para a Europa, foi financiada com meios particulares e tinha exclusivamente objetivos científicos e não a exploração de recursos naturais. Paralelamente aos resultados de pesquisa, fundamentados em novos métodos de medida e da elaboração quantitativa de

  4. The Franciscans in Cathay: memory of men and places. A Contribution for the genealogy of geographical knowledge of Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Buffon

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Summary The study analyzes the process that leads to the elaboration of the thesis of a continuity between the Medieval Asia mission and the New World mission. This effort, undertaken by the Catholic historiography of the mission during the XIX century, is the result of the impulse provided by Alexander von Humboldt’s studies about the discovery of America (Examen critique. The data about the geography of Asia collected by the missionaries-travelers working in the territory between Karakorum and Khanbalik during the XIII e XIV century reaches Christopher Colombus with the mediation of Roger Bacon, whom Humboldt himself esteems as a true cultural mediator. The conclusion of the article tries to identify reasons and modalities of the secularization of the missionary concept, i.e. the shift from the ideal of the propagation of the Christian message to a prevailing interest for cartography and topography, transformations arranged by a late medieval historiography that introduces into martyrolagia the loca toponomastica. Sommario Lo studio analizza il processo che conduce all’elaborazione della tesi di una continuità tra missione asiatica medievale e missione nel Nuovo Mondo. L’impegno, assunto dalla storiografia missionaria cattolica lungo il corso del XIX secolo, costituisce l’esito dell’impulso proveniente dagli studi svolti da Alexander von Humboldt intorno all’esplorazione delle Americhe (Examen critique. Le informazioni sullo spazio asiatico trasmesse dai missionari operanti durante il XIII e il XIV secolo tra Karakorum e Khanbaliq pervengono a Cristoforo Colombo mediante Ruggero Bacone (Opus majus, che Humlbodt stesso stima mediatore culturale per antonomasia. La parte conclusiva della ricerca si occupa di stabilire modalità e ragioni della secolarizzazione del concetto di missione, cioè del trasferimento all’interesse cartografico dell’anelito alla propagazione del messaggio cristiano fino agli estremi confini della terra

  5. Frontale Präsenz - Zu einem unbekannten Porträt Alexander von Humboldts im Besitz des französischen Conseil d’État

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Blankenstein

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Ein bislang unveröffentlichtes Porträt Alexander von Humboldts aus der Hand Frédéric d’Houdetots, ein Schüler des Malers Jacques-Louis David, bereichert die Humboldt-Ikonographie um eine Darstellung, die den berühmten Reisenden und Gelehrten als jungen Mann, wenige Jahre nach seiner Rückkehr aus Amerika zeigt – beeindruckend lebendig, fokussiert und präsent. Das 1807 während der Franzosenzeit in Berlin entstandene Porträt verweist als Teil eines im Conseil d’État in Paris aufbewahrten Porträt-Albums auf die Zirkel und Beziehungen, die sich in der besetzten preußischen Hauptstadt zwischen Besatzern, jüdischen Salonkreisen und der wissenschaftlichen Community gebildet haben, ein Nährboden für den transnationalen Austausch von Vertretern einer jungen und vitalen Generation, die sich als echte Europäer verstanden. Résumé Un portrait jusqu’à présent inédit d’Alexander von Humboldt par Frédéric d’Houdetot, élève de Jacques-Louis David, enrichit l’iconographie humboldtienne d’une effigie qui donne à voir le célèbre voyageur et érudit en jeune homme, quelques années seulement après son retour des Amériques – un portrait qui frappe par sa vitalité, sa concentration et la forte présence du savant. Dessiné dans le contexte de l’occupation de Berlin par l’armée napoléonienne et conservé au Conseil d’Etat à Paris, ce portrait est issu d’un album réunissant un grand nombre d’autres portraits de Berlinois des années 1800, qui témoigne des relations étroites que l’occupant put entretenir avec les représentants de l’élite juifs de la ville et la communauté scientifique, dans une dynamique propice aux échanges transnationaux d’une génération jeune, vitale et profondément européenne. Summary A previously unreleased portrait of Alexander von Humboldt, drawn by Jacques-Louis David’s disciple Frédéric d’Houdetot, adds a lively, focused and astonishingly present

  6. Roskosh ili sredstvo dlja võzhivanija / Andrei Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Andrei

    2004-01-01

    Maailmas kasutusel olevatele standarditele MRP II/ERP vastavad ettevõtte juhtimissüsteemid on jõudnud Eesti ettevõtete juhtide ja omanike huviorbiiti. Tabel: ERP-süsteemi maksumus sõltuvalt ettevõtte aastakäibele

  7. Oshibka Mannergeima : taina poslednego reisa "Kalevõ" / Boriss Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Boriss

    2000-01-01

    Soomes ilmus 1971. aastal marssal Carl Gustav E. Mannerheimi endise radisti Vilno Tahvanaineni raamat "Spetsialnõje missii", milles ta paljastab Mannerheimi seotust vene luurega. Allikas: Novoje Vremja

  8. Roskosh ili sredstvo dlja võzhivanija / Andrei Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Andrei

    2004-01-01

    Maailmas kasutusel olevatele standarditele MRP II/ERP vastavad ettevõtte juhtimissüsteemid on jõudnud Eesti ettevõtete juhtide ja omanike huviorbiiti. Tabel: ERP-süsteemi maksumus sõltuvalt ettevõtte aastakäibele

  9. Transatlantic communication in the 19th century aspects of the correspondence between alexander von humboldt and george ticknor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schwarz, Ingo

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The Prussian explorer Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859 and the North American scholar George Ticknor (1791-1871 met in 1817 in Paris, after Ticknor had studied languages, history, and natural sciences at the University of Göttingen. Two years later, he became the first Harvard Professor of the French and Spanish Languages and Literatures. When Ticknor visited Europe in 1836 and 1856, Humboldt was his guide in the Prussian Capital. Both, Humboldt and Ticknor were mediators between the Old World and the New Continent at a time when nationalism was fashionable both in literature and in politics. Humboldt and Ticknor did not agree on all political questions. However, their respect for each other helped them avoid controversial topics in their correspondence, and possibly in their conversations. With their ability to rank the things they had in common higher than their differences they were able to maintain a fruitful transatlantic dialogue over forty years.

    El explorador prusiano Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859 y el erudito norteamericano George Ticknor (1791-1871 se conocieron en 1817 en París, después que Ticknor había estudiado idiomas, historia y ciencias naturales en la Universidad de Göttingen. Dos años más tarde, llegó a ser el primer Profesor Harvard de Lenguas y Literatura francesa y española. Cuando Ticknor visitó Europa en 1836 y 1856, Humboldt fue su guía en la capital prusiana. Humboldt y Ticknor fueron mediadores entre el Viejo Mundo y el Nuevo Continente en una época en que el nacionalismo estaba de moda en la literatura y la política. Humboldt y Ticknor no estaban de acuerdo en todas las cuestiones políticas. Sin embargo, el respecto que existía entre ellos evitó los asuntos controvertibles en su conversación y posiblemente en su correspondencia. Con su habilidad para clasificar las cosas tenían en común por encima de sus diferencias ser capaces de mantener un diálogo fructífero trasatlántico durante

  10. Post-traumatic stress reactions before the advent of post-traumatic stress disorder: potential effects on the lives and legacies of Alexander the Great, Captain James Cook, Emily Dickinson, and Florence Nightingale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackowiak, Philip A; Batten, Sonja V

    2008-12-01

    Evidence is presented that Alexander the Great, Captain James Cook, Emily Dickinson, and Florence Nightingale each developed symptoms consistent with post-traumatic stress disorder in the aftermath of repeated potentially traumatizing events of differing character. Their case histories also varied with respect to background, premorbid personality style, risk factors, clinical presentation, and course of the illness, illustrating the pleomorphic character of the disorder, as well as the special problems in diagnosing it in historical figures.

  11. The question of sign-language and the utility of signs in the instruction of the deaf: two papers by Alexander Graham Bell (1898).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Alexander Graham

    2005-01-01

    Alexander Graham Bell is often portrayed as either hero or villain of deaf individuals and the Deaf community. His writings, however, indicate that he was neither, and was not as clearly definite in his beliefs about language as is often supposed. The following two articles, reprinted from The Educator (1898), Vol. V, pp. 3-4 and pp. 38-44, capture Bell's thinking about sign language and its use in the classroom. Contrary to frequent claims, Bell does not demand "oral" training for all deaf children--even if he thinks it is the superior alternative--but does advocate for it for "the semi-deaf" and "the semi-mute." "In regard to the others," he writes, "I am not so sure." Although he clearly voices his support for oral methods and fingerspelling (the Rochester method) over sign language, Bell acknowledges the use and utility of signing in a carefully-crafted discussion that includes both linguistics and educational philosophy. In separating the language used at home from that in school and on the playground, Bell reveals a far more complex view of language learning by deaf children than he is often granted. (M. Marschark).

  12. Guerra y pecados de un inglés en cádiz (1810-1812. Fragmentos de la autobiografía de Alexander Dallas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Durán López

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available El escritor inglés Alexander Dallas participó en el ejército británico que operó en la Guerra de la Independencia y a su fin escribió varias obras literarias de tema español. Se ofrece aquí una traducción de parte de su autobiografía, publicada en 1871, que incluye los capítulos consagrados a su estancia en Cádiz y la Isla de León de 1810 a 1812. En esas páginas el autor refleja el ambiente de la vida social allí (las tertulias de la buena sociedad y evocaciones de las fiestas de Carnaval en 1812, detalles de la organización de la intendencia militar, así como episodios militares como la batalla de Chiclana, algunas operaciones de defensa ante el asedio francés, los efectos de los célebres bombardeos de larga distancia sobre el caso urbano, el júbilo popular cuando el sitio fue levantado y el estado en que quedaron tras la retirada francesa las poblaciones donde se habían asentado. Se relata también un viaje a Ceuta.

  13. "Nokia" pole pooltki Kaalit / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Populaarteaduslik film Kaali meteoriidiplahvatusest "Kaali saladus" : stsenarist ja režissöör Urmas E. Liiv : operaator Ago Ruus : produtsendid Uldis Cekulis ja Riho Västrik : OÜ Vesilind (Eesti) - Vides Filmu Studija (Läti)

  14. Asjade taga on areng / Tarmo Leinatamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leinatamm, Tarmo, 1957-2014

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Võrumaa Teataja, 16. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Koit, 16. nov. 2004, lk. 6; Vali Uudised, 17. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 17. nov. 2004, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 20. nov. 2004, lk. 2. 2005. a. riigieelarveprojekti positiivsed küljed

  15. Eesti muinasusundi hingefenomenoloogia probleeme / Tarmo Kulmar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulmar, Tarmo, 1950-

    2007-01-01

    Terminitest eesti rahvausund ja eesti muinasusund, mõiste hing teadusliku psühholoogia ja usundiloo terminina. Eesti muinasusundit mõjutanud assimilatsiooni- ja laenuilmingud, Kunda kultuur, soome-ugri ja venekirveskultuuri sisseränne ning indoeuroopalik mõtlemine. Arhailiste usundite hingefenomenoloogilised baasiteooriad: R. Marrett'i, E. Taylor'i, W. Wundt'i ja E Abraman'i ja H. Naumann'i teooriad. Eesti muinasusundi hingefenomenoloogilised teooriad - O. Looritsa, I. Paulsoni, U. Masingu ja M. J. Eiseni teooriad ja nende hingefenomenoloogilised skeemid

  16. Digitaalne tulevik on kohal / Tarmo Rea

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rea, Tarmo

    2006-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi ja Euroopa Nõukogu poolt vastuvõetud määrus nr 561/2006 autovedude sotsiaalõigusnormide ühtlustamise kohta muudab kohustuslikuks digitaalse sõidumeeriku kasutamise alates 1. maist 2006 registreeritavatele uutele veoautodele ja bussidele

  17. Eesti rahva ja riigi rebenemine / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2010-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmist "September", mis räägib 1944. aasta 4 septembripäeva sündmustest Eestis. Režissöör Ilmar Raag, stsenaristid Ilmar Raag ja Kiur Aarma (Eesti 2010). Esilinastus 14. apr. kinos Artis

  18. Hea õpik ja abivahend / Tarmo Kalvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Tarmo, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Joe Tidd, John Bessant, Keith Pavitt " Innovatsiooni juhtimine. Tehnoloogiliste, organisatsiooniliste ja turu muudatuste integreerimine". Innovatsiooni juhtimise valdkonna juhtivteadlaste käsiraamat pakub selge raamistiku uuendustega haakuvatest tehnoloogilistest, turunduslikest ning organisatsioonilistest küsimustest arusaamiseks

  19. Kuulsused maitsevad Malaisias Robinsoni elu / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Telesaatetootja Ruut kavatseb suvel Malaisias vändata tõsielusarja, mille eeskujuks on Inglismaal ülimenukas "Olen kuulsus - laske mind siit välja". Eesti tuntud inimesed ütlevad välja oma arvamuse taolises projektis osalemise kohta

  20. Nirvaana, susla ja internet / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2000-01-01

    Kolm stuudio Nukufilm uut nukufilmi : "Saamueli Internet" : Stsenarist Andrus Kivirähk : režissöör ja kunstnik Riho Unt; "Teekond Nirvaanasse" : Stsenarist, režissöör ja kunstnik Mait Laas; "Eilne vedur" : režissöörid Mikk Rand ja Kalju Kivi

  1. Poliitilised väljapressijad / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 27. okt. nr. 43 lk. 158-159. Ajakirjaniku leiud Rahvusliku Koonderakonna Isamaa 1991-1995 aastate arhiivis, erakonna sponsorid. Lisa: 451 000 krooni Isamaale. Riigiga seotud firmade annetused. Ilmunud ka: Meelis Atoneni repliiki 26. okt. Eesti Ekspress lk. A8

  2. "Jube loll on tankist olla!" / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Keskkonnaministeeriumi info- ja tehnokeskuse asedirektori Jossif Eidelkindi firma Megler Grupp müüs miljardi krooni eest Vene naftakeemiat Läände. Tema sõnul on äriga tegelenud vaid Grigori Vizelman, Megler Grupi ainuomanik. Vt samas intervjuu Grigori Vizelmaniga

  3. Turism riigile tulu teenima / Tarmo Sumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sumberg, Tarmo

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 22. juuni lk. 6. Autor juhib tähelepanu turismile, kui ühele Eesti olulisemale ekspordivaldkonnale ning mitmetele kasutamata võimalustele, mille põhjuseks enamasti infrastruktuurilised probleemid. Lisa: Kümme ettepanekut avalikule sektorile, kuidas suurendada turismitulu

  4. Parimad autofilmid / Tarmo Tähepõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähepõld, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Autori valik : 10 parimat autofilmi läbi aegade - "Mad Max" (1979), "The Blues Brothers" (1980), "Days of Thunder" (1990), "Taxi" (1998), "Vanishing Point" (1971), "The Fast and the Furious" (2001), "The Italian Job" (1969), "Bullitt" (1968), "Grand Prix" (1966), "Gone in 60 Seconds" (1974). Lisaks "Parimad autoseriaalid", "Unustamatu Nõukogude klassika", "Halvad autofilmid Made in Hollywood"

  5. Lõbumaja uus perenaine / Janar Filippov, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Janar, 1976-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinnas asuva bordellina töötanud külalistemaja "Infant" uueks omanikuks sai Isamaaliidu Pärnu kontori juhataja, 70 firma omanik Ulrike Kahju, kes väidetavalt aitab firmasid juriidiliselt korrektselt likvideerida. Vt. samas intervjuud Ulrike Kahjuga; Milles meie süüdi oleme?

  6. Nirvaana, susla ja internet / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2000-01-01

    Kolm stuudio Nukufilm uut nukufilmi : "Saamueli Internet" : Stsenarist Andrus Kivirähk : režissöör ja kunstnik Riho Unt; "Teekond Nirvaanasse" : Stsenarist, režissöör ja kunstnik Mait Laas; "Eilne vedur" : režissöörid Mikk Rand ja Kalju Kivi

  7. Eesti sumokamp ja esijudoka videolindil / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1999-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmid maadlejatest : "Legend päikesest" : stsenarist, režissöör, toimetaja ja produtsent Aare Tilk : Eesti Telefilm 1999 ja "Tempo di valse" : käsikiri Hans Roosipuu ja Peeter Simm : režissöör Peeter Simm : Faama Film 1999

  8. "Jube loll on tankist olla!" / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Keskkonnaministeeriumi info- ja tehnokeskuse asedirektori Jossif Eidelkindi firma Megler Grupp müüs miljardi krooni eest Vene naftakeemiat Läände. Tema sõnul on äriga tegelenud vaid Grigori Vizelman, Megler Grupi ainuomanik. Vt samas intervjuu Grigori Vizelmaniga

  9. Tallinn saab uue linnaskulptuuri / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    1998-01-01

    Ideekavandite võistluse võitjad: 1. preemia Angela Orgusaare skulptuur "Urban Egg", 2. preemia Lembit Palmi skulptuur "399" ja 3. preemia Leida Ilo töö "Majakas". Skulptuur püstitatakse Hoiupanga lähedale.

  10. Katselendurite esimene tõus / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Filmistuudio Parunid ja Vonid stuudios realiseerub EFSi, Kultuurkapitali, TPÜ ja Parunite ja Vonide ühisprojekt "Ground Zero", mille tulemuseks on TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli tudengite 11 lühimängufilmi

  11. Neitsi Maali "Agent Sinikaelale" / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing andis kümnendat korda välja auhinda Aasta film 2002. Parimaks filmiks tunnistati mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : režissöör Marko Raat. Viimane sai preemiaks Neitsi Maali kuju ja 12 000 krooni

  12. Videovanker üle fotokuninga / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2000-01-01

    1999/2000. aastal valminud Rael Arteli kureeritud videokunsti ja filmiprogrammist "I am making art", mis esilinastus Pärnu vilmi- ja fideofestivalil, kuhu on lülitatud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia, Concordia ülikooli ja Academia Non Grata tudengite videokunsti- ja filmikatsed

  13. Muljeid tungipõhisest edevusest / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Matias Keskineni kujutletud elu" ("Matias Keskisen kuviteltu elämä") : stsenarist, operaator, režissöör Veli Granö : Soome 1991. Iseõppinud soome skulptor, fotograaf ja filmitegija Matias Keskinen (1922-1997) on loonud 5-6meetrise läbimõõduga Urho Kaleva Kekkoneni poolbüsti, mis tegi autori tuntuks kogu Soomes

  14. Carmen, me jumaldame sind! / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2000-01-01

    1999. a. märtsis tegevust alustanud, arvutispetsialist Alwyn Greeri loodud Carmen Kassi koduleheküljest internetis (www.versailles.net/ck/index.htm). C. Kassi interneti külalisteraamatust leitud meiliaadressidel tehtud järelepärimisest.

  15. Katselendurite esimene tõus / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Filmistuudio Parunid ja Vonid stuudios realiseerub EFSi, Kultuurkapitali, TPÜ ja Parunite ja Vonide ühisprojekt "Ground Zero", mille tulemuseks on TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli tudengite 11 lühimängufilmi

  16. Turism riigile tulu teenima / Tarmo Sumberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sumberg, Tarmo

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 22. juuni lk. 6. Autor juhib tähelepanu turismile, kui ühele Eesti olulisemale ekspordivaldkonnale ning mitmetele kasutamata võimalustele, mille põhjuseks enamasti infrastruktuurilised probleemid. Lisa: Kümme ettepanekut avalikule sektorile, kuidas suurendada turismitulu

  17. Ooperiaasta võimas algus / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Einojuhani Rautavaara uue ooperi "Rasputin" esietendusest Soome Rahvusooperis 19. sept. (dirigent Mikko Franck) ja etendustest 22., 24., 27. ja 30. sept. ning 3., 6., 9. ja 11. oktoobril. Giuseppe Verdi "Trubaduur" 11., 17. ja 20. sept ning 1. okt., dirigent Eri Klas. Leosh Janaceki "Katja Kabanova" esietendusest 12. detsembril

  18. Muljeid tungipõhisest edevusest / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilm "Matias Keskineni kujutletud elu" ("Matias Keskisen kuviteltu elämä") : stsenarist, operaator, režissöör Veli Granö : Soome 1991. Iseõppinud soome skulptor, fotograaf ja filmitegija Matias Keskinen (1922-1997) on loonud 5-6meetrise läbimõõduga Urho Kaleva Kekkoneni poolbüsti, mis tegi autori tuntuks kogu Soomes

  19. Tallinn saab uue linnaskulptuuri / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    1998-01-01

    Ideekavandite võistluse võitjad: 1. preemia Angela Orgusaare skulptuur "Urban Egg", 2. preemia Lembit Palmi skulptuur "399" ja 3. preemia Leida Ilo töö "Majakas". Skulptuur püstitatakse Hoiupanga lähedale.

  20. ARS 01 Helsingi Kiasmas / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2001-01-01

    Helsingis Kiasmas avatud rahvusvahelisest kunstinäitusest ARS 01 alapealkirjaga "Avanevaid perspektiive", kus esines oma töödega ka Marko Mäetamm. Näituse raames toimuvast Santiago Sierra kunstiprojektist kodututega

  1. Tõlkepõhisest terminikorraldusest / Tarmo Lilleoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lilleoja, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Autor selgitab oma magistriprojekti, mille eesmärgiks oli Eesti Metodisti Kiriku Kirikukorra seletava sõnastiku ja terminibaasi koostamine, mis omakorda haakus eestikeelse teoloogilise sõnavara korrastamist toetava Eesti Teadusfondi grandiga

  2. "Nokia" pole pooltki Kaalit / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Populaarteaduslik film Kaali meteoriidiplahvatusest "Kaali saladus" : stsenarist ja režissöör Urmas E. Liiv : operaator Ago Ruus : produtsendid Uldis Cekulis ja Riho Västrik : OÜ Vesilind (Eesti) - Vides Filmu Studija (Läti)

  3. Tõlkepõhisest terminikorraldusest / Tarmo Lilleoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lilleoja, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Autor selgitab oma magistriprojekti, mille eesmärgiks oli Eesti Metodisti Kiriku Kirikukorra seletava sõnastiku ja terminibaasi koostamine, mis omakorda haakus eestikeelse teoloogilise sõnavara korrastamist toetava Eesti Teadusfondi grandiga

  4. Tuumaenergeetikale tasub panustada Areva kaudu / Tarmo Tanilas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tanilas, Tarmo

    2009-01-01

    Suurim tuumaenergia infrastruktuuride tootja, Prantsuse energeetikafirma Areva, sobib pikaajalisi invetseerimistrende otsivale investorile. Tabel: Areva turuosad tuumaenergia tootmisahelas. Graafik: Areva aktsia hind

  5. Parimad autofilmid / Tarmo Tähepõld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tähepõld, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Autori valik : 10 parimat autofilmi läbi aegade - "Mad Max" (1979), "The Blues Brothers" (1980), "Days of Thunder" (1990), "Taxi" (1998), "Vanishing Point" (1971), "The Fast and the Furious" (2001), "The Italian Job" (1969), "Bullitt" (1968), "Grand Prix" (1966), "Gone in 60 Seconds" (1974). Lisaks "Parimad autoseriaalid", "Unustamatu Nõukogude klassika", "Halvad autofilmid Made in Hollywood"

  6. Noored said Tallinna volikokku / Tarmo Lausing

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lausing, Tarmo

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 1. nov. lk. 4. Keskerakonna seitsmest noorest poliitikust said Tallinna volikogudesse sisse kuus otsemandaadiga ning vaid üks asendusliikmena. Kesk- ja Reformerakonna Tallinna linnavolikokku saanud noored saadikud

  7. Keskerakonna propagandist õhutab anaalseksiorgiaid / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Pornograafilise veebikülje www.isamaaliit.com IP-aadress on registreeritud USA-s, seda kasutab osaühing Veebimees, mille juht ja omanik on Keskerakonna liige Virgo Kruve. Vt. samal teemal: Asso Puidet. Anaalnali ärritas nii raadi kui erakonnakaaslasi. Pärnu Postimees 29. märts lk. 3; Keskerakond vabandab anaalporno pärast. Eesti Ekspress 3. apr. lk. 10

  8. ARS 01 Helsingi Kiasmas / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2001-01-01

    Helsingis Kiasmas avatud rahvusvahelisest kunstinäitusest ARS 01 alapealkirjaga "Avanevaid perspektiive", kus esines oma töödega ka Marko Mäetamm. Näituse raames toimuvast Santiago Sierra kunstiprojektist kodututega

  9. "Vanamaterjali" projekt Patareis / Tarmo Andre Elvisto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Elvisto, Tarmo Andre, 1964-

    2016-01-01

    Säästva Renoveerimise Infokeskuse algatatud "Vanamaterjali projektist", mille eesmärk on päästa ja suunata korduvkasutusse kasutatud ehitusmaterjale ja -detaile. Vanamaterjali laost Patareis, seal pakutavast kaubast

  10. Neitsi Maali "Agent Sinikaelale" / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Filmiajakirjanike Ühing andis kümnendat korda välja auhinda Aasta film 2002. Parimaks filmiks tunnistati mängufilm "Agent Sinikael" : režissöör Marko Raat. Viimane sai preemiaks Neitsi Maali kuju ja 12 000 krooni

  11. Considerações sobre os conceitos de natureza, espaço e morfologia em Alexander von Humboldt e a gênese da geografia física moderna Considerations on the concepts of nature, space, and morphology in Alexander von Humboldt and on the genesis of modern physical geography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Vitte

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Discute a formação dos conceitos de natureza, espaço e morfologia na obra de Alexander von Humboldt e seus impactos na formação da geografia física moderna. Influenciado pelas reflexões de Kant em Crítica do juízo e pelos trabalhos de Goethe e Schelling, Humboldt desenvolveu nova interpretação e representação para a natureza na superfície da Terra, em que o conceito de espacialidade é fundamental para a explicação dos fenômenos da natureza. A geografia física moderna estrutura-se a partir de complexo cruzamento de influências estéticas e instrumentais desenvolvidas por Humboldt, nas quais o princípio da conexão é importante para a invenção artística e científica do conceito de paisagem geográfica.The article discusses how Alexander von Humboldt developed the concepts of nature, space, and morphology in his works and impacted the shaping of modern physical geography. Influenced by Kant's ideas in Critique of judgment and also by the writings of Goethe and Schelling, Humboldt devised a new interpretation and representation of nature on Earth's surface, wherein the concept of space is essential to explaining natural phenomena. Modern physical geography is grounded in a complex interweaving of aesthetic and instrumental influences fashioned by Humboldt, with the principle of connection playing an important role in the artistic and scientific development of the notion of a geographic landscape.

  12. „Zwischen den Zeilen …“ Zur kodikologischen Untersuchung der Amerikanischen Reisetagebücher von Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Bispinck-Roßbacher

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der Artikel beschäftigt sich mit dem kodikologischen Befund der Amerikanischen Reisetagebücher und materialtechnologischen Untersuchungen zu ihrem Papier und Beschreibstoffen. Der kodikologische Aspekt beinhaltet eine umfassende Erfassung aller physischen Merkmale und Besonderheiten der Tagebücher, wobei ein Fokus auf die Zusammenstellung der Lagen, auf heraus getrennten oder ganz fehlenden Seiten liegt. Dies geschieht vor dem Hintergrund, die ursprüngliche Zusammenstellung der Tagebücher zu rekonstruieren, die Genese zu erforschen und im Nachlass befindliche Teile ggf. fehlenden Blättern oder Fragmenten in den Tagebüchern zuzuordnen. Wasserzeichenaufnahmen mit der Thermographiekamera und Tintenanlaysen mithilfe der Röntgenfluoreszenztechnik können dabei helfen aufzuzeigen, wie die Tagebücher entstanden sind und wie sie bis zum Tod Alexander von Humboldts von ihm als Arbeitsinstrument genutzt wurden. Resumen El artículo trata de los resultados codicológicos y exámenes tecnológicos sobre los aspectos materiales (papeles, tintas de los Diarios del viaje americano. El aspecto codicológico incluye una revisión extensa de las características y particularidades materiales de los diarios, enfocando las encuadernaciones y las páginas separadas o faltantes. La revisión tiene como fin de reconstruir la compilación original de los diarios, de explorar su génesis y de adjudicar partes (fragmentos, folios faltantes del legado a los diarios tal como los tenemos hoy. Las marcas de agua se registran con la cámara termográfica, el análisis de las tintas usadas se realiza con ayuda de un sistema de medida por fluorescencia de rayos X. Esto contribuirá a mostrar como evolucionaron los diarios de viaje y como fueron usadas por Alejandro de Humboldt a lo largo de su vida y hasta antes de su muerte. Abstract The American Travel Diaries’ paper and writing materials have been examined under codicological aspects as well as in

  13. La expedición americana de Alexander von Humboldt y su contribución a la ciencia del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage étudie le sens des élaborations et des publications scientifiques d´Alexandre von Humboldt - fruits de sa fameuse expédition américaine (1799-1804 - pour le développement des sciences de son temps. Dans tous les écrits on emphatise généralement l’immense contribution de ce voyageur prussien à la recherche scientifique. Nous analyserons ici plus en détails et de façon critique la nature exacte de cet apport. On étudiera les répercussions de la somme d’informations sur l’Amérique comme son concept interdisciplinaire novateur et holistique de la science. La classification selon les différentes disciplines académiques ne nous intéresse pas et lui préférerons l’étude, dans sa vision générale, du côté novateur et précieux de son information, son approche scientifique et sa méthode pour le progrès des sciences en Europe et en Amérique. Este trabajo estudia el significado de las elaboraciones y publicaciones científicas de Alexander von Humboldt -que resultaron de su famosa expedición americana (1799-1804- para el desarrollo de las ciencias de su época. Tradicionalmente en todo tipo de escritos se enfatiza la inmensa aportación de este viajero prusiano a la investigación científica. Aquí será analizada más detalladamente y críticamente en qué consiste exactamente dicha aportación. Se estudiará la repercusión que ha tenido tanto la gran información sobre América como su nuevo concepto interdisciplinario y holístico de la ciencia. No nos interesa clasificar su aportación según las distintas disciplinas académicas, sino en su visión general, ver lo novedoso y valioso de su información, su planteamiento científico así como su método para el avance de las ciencias tanto en Europa como en América. The aim of this study is the significance of the development of the Alexander von Humboldtpublications?, resulting from his famous American expedition (1799-1804. Various authors have stressed

  14. Alexander von Humboldt’s Footnotes: “Networks of Knowledge” in the Sources of the 1826 Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Werner

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Alexander von Humboldts Fußnoten waren ihrer Zeit weit voraus, obwohl sie kaum den heutigen akademischen Standards entsprechen. Dieser Artikel untersucht die Fußnoten in Humboldts Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba (1826. Zwar ist es nicht immer leicht, die manchmal recht geheimnisvollen Verweise zu entschlüsseln, dennoch lohnt sich der Versuch: Humboldts Fußnoten geben nicht nur Auskunft über seine umfassenden Netzwerke des Wissens. Sie verweisen auch auf Auseinandersetzungen verschiedener Gelehrter über Humboldts Schriften. Schließlich beinhalten sie Humboldts Reaktionen auf solche Auseinandersetzungen. Eine Untersuchung von Humboldts Fußnoten erlaubt es folglich dem Leser, mehr über Humboldt den Wissenschaftler aber auch Humboldt den Mensch zu erfahren. Abstract When it comes to footnotes, Alexander von Humboldt was ahead of his times even though his references leave much to be desired by today’s academic standards. This article examines the footnotes of Humboldt’s Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba (1826. While it is not always easy to decipher his sometimes cryptic references, the undertaking is worthwhile: Humboldt’s footnotes do not only reveal his vast networks of knowledge. They also provide glimpses of ongoing, contemporary disputes among different scholars that involve Humboldt’s writings. They also present Humboldt’s reactions to such disputes. Exploring Humboldt’s footnotes consequently allows the reader to access both Humboldt the scholar and Humboldt the human being. Résumé Quand il s’agit de notes, Alexandre de Humboldt était en avance sur son temps, même si ses références laissent beaucoup à désirer par rapport aux normes universitaires d’aujourd’hui. Cet article examine les notes de l’Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba (1826. Même s’il n’est pas toujours facile de déchiffrer ses références parfois cryptiques, l’entreprise vaut la peine: les notes de Humboldt

  15. Adult-onset Alexander disease with typical "tadpole" brainstem atrophy and unusual bilateral basal ganglia involvement: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakoe Kumi

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Alexander disease (ALX is a rare neurological disorder characterized by white matter degeneration and cytoplasmic inclusions in astrocytes called Rosenthal fibers, labeled by antibodies against glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP. Three subtypes are distinguished according to age at onset: infantile (under age 2, juvenile (age 2 to 12 and adult (over age 12. Following the identification of heterozygous mutations in GFAP that cause this disease, cases of adult-onset ALX have been increasingly reported. Case Presentation We present a 60-year-old Japanese man with an unremarkable past and no family history of ALX. After head trauma in a traffic accident at the age of 46, his character changed, and dementia and dysarthria developed, but he remained independent. Spastic paresis and dysphagia were observed at age 57 and 59, respectively, and worsened progressively. Neurological examination at the age of 60 revealed dementia, pseudobulbar palsy, left-side predominant spastic tetraparesis, axial rigidity, bradykinesia and gaze-evoked nystagmus. Brain MRI showed tadpole-like atrophy of the brainstem, caused by marked atrophy of the medulla oblongata, cervical spinal cord and midbrain tegmentum, with an intact pontine base. Analysis of the GFAP gene revealed a heterozygous missense mutation, c.827G>T, p.R276L, which was already shown to be pathogenic in a case of pathologically proven hereditary adult-onset ALX. Conclusion The typical tadpole-like appearance of the brainstem is strongly suggestive of adult-onset ALX, and should lead to a genetic investigation of the GFAP gene. The unusual feature of this patient is the symmetrical involvement of the basal ganglia, which is rarely observed in the adult form of the disease. More patients must be examined to confirm, clinically and neuroradiologically, extrapyramidal involvement of the basal ganglia in adult-onset ALX.

  16. Public information needs after the poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko with polonium-210 in London: cross sectional telephone survey and qualitative analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, G James; Page, Lisa; Morgan, Oliver; Pinder, Richard J; Riley, Paul; Hatch, Stephani; Maguire, Helen; Catchpole, Mike; Simpson, John; Wessely, Simon

    2007-12-01

    To identify public perceptions of the risk to health after the poisoning of Alexander Litvinenko with polonium-210 (210Po) in London and to assess the impact of public health communications. Cross sectional telephone survey and qualitative interviews. London, United Kingdom. 1000 people completed the cross sectional survey and 86 potentially exposed people completed the qualitative interviews. Perception of risk to personal health after the 210Po incident. Qualitative interviews were analysed with an emphasis on information needs. 11.7% of the survey sample (n=117) perceived their health to be at risk. Aside from personal variables the main predictors of perceived risk to health were believing that the incident was related to terrorism (odds ratio 2.7, 95% confidence interval 1.5 to 4.6) rather than to espionage, that it was targeted at the wider public rather than one person (5.9, 3.2 to 10.9), and that it could affect people who had not been in the contaminated area (3.2, 2.1 to 5.1). Participants in the qualitative interviews were generally satisfied with the information they had received, although they would have preferred more information about their individual risk of exposure, the results of their urine tests, and the health implications of the incident. Perceptions of the public that the 210Po incident in London in 2006 was related to espionage helped to reassure them that the risks to personal health were low. In the event of future incidents it is important to ensure that detailed, comprehensible information about the risks of any exposure is available.

  17. Evaluation of the potential of Pontederia parviflora Alexander in the absorption of copper (Cu and its effects on tissues = Avaliação do potencial de pontederia parviflora Alexander na absorção de cobre (Cu e efeitos nos tecidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graziela Custodio Balassa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The study sought to evaluate the potential of the aquatic macrophytePontederia parviflora Alexander in the absorption of copper (Cu and possible variations in its tissues after 21 days of exposure to this metal. The concentration of Cu was analyzed in the solution and in the vegetal tissues (stem, root and leaves. The experiment was set up in triplicates with weekly measurements of pH, temperature and DO. The results indicated that P. parviflora reduced 96% of Cu in the solution and the root was the vegetal tissue, which accumulated more Cu. Values of pH, DO and temperature were in accordance with the metabolic activities of the plants. In the anatomic analyses, dark spots were identified in the vascular bundles and in the epidermis of the aerial parts, highlighting the variation resulting from the presence of this substance. However, these variations were not sufficient to damage the development of the individuals. P. parviflora showed high capacity of extraction and storage of the metal, being a good alternative to aquatic environments with high concentrations of Cu. O estudo avaliou o potencial da macrófita aquática Pontederia parviflora Alexander na absorção de cobre (Cu e possíveis alterações nos tecidos, após 21 dias de exposição. O teor do metal foi analisado na solução e nos tecidos vegetais (caule, raiz e folhas. O experimento foi montado em triplicatas com medidas semanais dopH, temperatura e OD. Os resultados mostraram que P. parviflora reduziu 96% do Cu na solução e a porção vegetal que acumulou mais o metal foi a radicular. O pH, OD e temperatura apresentaram valores condizentes com as atividades metabólicas das plantas. Nas análises anatômicas, foram identificadas manchas escuras nos feixes vasculares e na epiderme das partes aéreas, evidenciando a alteração provocada pela presença da substância. No entanto essas alterações não foram suficientes para prejudicar o desenvolvimento dos indivíduos. P

  18. Herrera Wassilowsky, Alexander. La recuperación de tecnologías indígenas. Arqueología, tecnología y desarrollo en los Andes

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe-Morales B., Carmen

    2013-01-01

    La obra del arqueólogo peruano Alexander Herrera, sin duda retoma el interés que últimamente viene adquiriendo en el círculo de académicos relacionados con las tecnologías andinas, el tema de su recuperación para la producción agropecuaria. Desde fines de la década de 1980 y mediados de 1990, se realizaron diversas investigaciones y reuniones sobre el inventario, funcionamiento y rehabilitación de diversas tecnologías prehispánicas, en particular de los andenes. Al respecto cabe señalar el S...

  19. Integração corpo/mente na análise bioenergética de Alexander Lowen: a relação entre o adoecimento corporal e as estruturas de caráter

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira Júnior, Wellington Roriz de

    2016-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo analisar a relação entre corpo e mente na obra de Alexander Lowen, no intento de discutir como o adoecimento corporal se relaciona com as estruturas de caráter. Para isso, busca-se: a) conhecer como o corpo aparece como conceito na perspectiva apresentada pelo autor; b) analisar como se dá e como se constrói historicamente a relação entre corpo e mente nessa abordagem; c) conhecer como se constroem e se fundamentam os conceitos de caráter e adoecimento em...

  20. The Cossack troops of Russia on the eve of "Great reforms" of Alexander II: (on materials the vsepoddanneyshikh of reports of the Ministry of Defence for 1858–1862

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey A. Volvenko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In article the data on a condition of the Cossack troops on the eve of "Great reforms" of Alexander II submitted in the vsepoddanneyshikh reports of the Ministry of Defence for the first fifth anniversary of their official publication from 1858 to 1862 are analyzed. The statistical materials generalized by us reflect demographic processes among the Cossacks, military and economic development of the Cossack troops, situation in education and so forth during the specified period. In article the assumption of possible influence of contents of reports on the made decisions concerning the Cossacks becomes.

  1. "Es ist meine Art, einen und denselben Gegenstand zu verfolgen, bis ich ihn aufgeklärt habe" Äußerungen Alexander von Humboldts über sich selbst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingo Schwarz

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and Spanish. Alexander von Humboldt has been characterized as the second, scientific discoverer of the New World, as the last universal scientist, Aristotle of modern times, etc. However, more or less hidden in his correspondence we find certain self-characterizations which are not that well-known. Some of them are quoted and discussed in the paper. Thus, an attempt is made to answer the question why Humboldt liked to call himself "the old man from the mountains", and whether or not he found it appropriate to be called "Aristotle of our age."

  2. Evaluating return on investment in a school based health promotion and prevention program: the investment multiplier for the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden National Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckermann, Simon; Dawber, James; Yeatman, Heather; Quinsey, Karen; Morris, Darcy

    2014-08-01

    Successful health promotion and disease prevention strategies in complex community settings such as primary schools rely on acceptance and ownership across community networks. Assessing multiplier impacts from investment on related community activity over time are suggested as key alongside evidence of program health effects on targeted groups of individuals in gauging community network engagement and ownership, dynamic impacts, and program long term success and return on investment. An Australian primary school based health promotion and prevention strategy, the Stephanie Alexander Kitchen Garden National Program (SAKGNP), which has been providing garden and kitchen classes for year 3-6 students since 2008, was evaluated between 2011 and 2012. Returns on Australian Federal Government investment for school infrastructure grants up to $60,000 are assessed up to and beyond a two year mutual obligation period with: (i) Impacts on student lifestyle behaviours, food choices and eating habits surveyed across students (n = 491 versus 260) and parents (n = 300 versus 234) in 28 SAKGNP and 14 matched schools, controlling for school and parent level confounders and triangulated with SAKGNP pre-post analysis; (ii) Multiplier impacts of investment on related school and wider community activity up to two years; and (iii) Evidence of continuation and program evolution in schools observed beyond two years. SAKGNP schools showed improved student food choices (p = 0.024) and kitchen lifestyle behaviour (p = 0.019) domains compared to controls and in pre-post analysis where 20.0% (58/290) reported eating fruit and vegetables more often and 18.6% (54/290) preparing food at home more often. No significant differences were found in case control analysis for eating habits or garden lifestyle behaviour domains, although 32.3% of children helped more in the garden (91/278) and 15.6% (45/289) ate meals together more often in pre-post analysis. The multiplier impact on total

  3. Obituary: Alexander Dalgarno (1928 - 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartquist, Tom; Babb, James F. Babb; Loeb, Avi

    Alex Dalgarno's major contributions to the understanding of fundamental atomic and molecular processes enabled him to develop diagnostics of the physical conditions of atmospheres and astrophysical sources and to elucidate the roles of such processes in controlling those environments. He greatly influenced the research of physicists, chemists, atmospheric scientists, and astronomers, leading Sir David Bates to write, "There is no greater figure than Alex in the history of atomic physics and its applications." Alex was born and grew up in London. As a child, he enjoyed mathematical puzzles and did well at sports. He was invited to try out for the Tottenham Hotspur soccer team, but his professional sporting career ended due to an injury, which did not prevent Alex playing tennis and squash into his ninth decade. In 1945 Alex began to study Mathematics at University College London (UCL). In 1947 Sir Harrie Massey invited him to work for a PhD in Physics and suggested that Alex investigate collisions of metastable helium atoms in helium gas to determine the cross sections for excitation transfer. Richard Buckingham was Alex's immediate supervisor. After completing his graduate study in 1951, Alex became a member of staff in Applied Mathematics at the Queen's University of Belfast (QUB). He served as the Director of the Computational Laboratory after a 1954 visit to MIT, which had an electronic computer, led Alex to persuade colleagues that QUB needed one. In 1957, the poet Philip Larkin was the best man at the marriage of Alex to Barbara Kane. They had four children, Fergus, Penelope, Piers, and Rebecca, but the marriage dissolved after ten years. Alex's important work during the 1950s on the quantitative evaluation of long-range interactions underpinned his collaborations on precise scattering calculations relevant to ultra-cold collisions and the formation of atomic Bose-Einstein condensates over four decades later. He investigated the theory of atomic and molecular collisions and calculated charge transfer cross sections. Some of these proved later to be important for forming the spectra of diffuse astronomical matter surrounding high mass stars and 100 million solar mass black holes at the centers of active galaxies. In the early 1950s David Bates stimulated Alex's interest in the study of quantum processes occurring in the upper terrestrial atmosphere. Together they considered the sources of the nightglow and dayglow features and concluded that the altitudes previously inferred for them from observations were up to several hundred kilometers too large. Experiments carried on V2 rockets, like those seen by Alex in wartime London, proved him and David to be right. Alex felt that though many theorists believe that "physics is embodied in its equations," it is instead "to be found in the solutions to the equations." He was a master at developing and applying methods that simplified calculations leading to reliable solutions. Exploiting the contemporary advances in electronic computation, by the 1960s Alex and his colleagues were able to address atomic and molecular processes of increasing complexity. Their development and early applications of the S-matrix theory of molecular rotational excitation by particle impact triggered major advances in molecular physics and theoretical chemistry and in the understanding of processes important in many environments, including a wide variety of astrophysical sources. In 1967 Alex became a professor in the Harvard Department of Astronomy and a member of the staff of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. He was a team member for several Atmosphere Explorer satellite missions, which elucidated the roles of atoms and ions in the upper atmosphere and paved the way for further applications to the other planets. By 1969 Alex was publishing papers on molecular hydrogen (H2) radiative processes, including photodissociation, in which the foundations of molecular astrophysics began to emerge. H2 is the most abundant astrophysical molecule and the main constituent of the regions where stars form. Interstellar H2 was first detected directly in the following year, and data for interstellar H2 began to become abundant in 1973. Alex was well prepared and led efforts to interpret these data, from which he was able to infer the physical properties of diffuse interstellar molecular clouds. At nearly the same time he was involved in work on the ionization and energy deposition in H2 by nearly relativistic and relativistic particles called cosmic rays. The work has relevance to emission in the atmospheres of the giant planets, as well as for conditions in interstellar molecular clouds. Cosmic ray induced ionization initiates much of the basic chemistry in star forming regions, and the emissions of the product molecules control the temperatures and allow the diagnosis of the physical conditions and dynamics of the stellar nurseries. For more than four decades Alex elucidated the chemical networks governing the molecular abundances in a wide variety of astrophysical sources including star forming regions, supernova ejecta, the pregalactic universe, and extreme environments like those in the vicinities of X-ray sources powered by accretion onto black holes. The refinement of the models led to calculations predicting the existence of subsequently discovered negative ions in giant molecular clouds. One of his astrophysical interests that intrigued him late in his career was the emission of soft X-rays by comets and in the heliosphere due to charge transfer with solar wind particles, and he also worked on related processes occurring in the atmospheres of the giant planets. Alex remained very active in fundamental atomic and molecular physics, as well as for its applications to astrophysics and to terrestrial and extraterrestrial planetary atmospheres. Ultra-cold collisions and ultra-cold chemistry were major interests for Alex for much of the latest phase of his career, most recently with pioneering work on atom-molecule collisions. In the early 1980s Alex had concerns about the future of atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) physics in the United States, where it was inadequately funded and somewhat out of fashion in many of the physics departments providing most of the physicists who became university faculty. Alex played a key role in efforts to address this issue and led a proposal to the National Science Foundation that resulted in the founding on 1 November 1988 of the Institute of Theoretical Atomic and Molecular Physics (ITAMP) at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Alex served for five years as the first ITAMP director. A number of the former ITAMP students and postdoctoral researchers have become leading AMO physicists, and its visitor program and workshops have led to the identification and stimulation of the leading areas of AMO physics. Alex was a Fellow of the Royal Society, a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and a member (Honorary) of the Royal Irish Academy. He received many medals, including the Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics, the Royal Society's Hughes Medal, the Royal Astronomical Society's Gold Medal, the American Geophysical Society's Fleming Medal, and the Royal Society of Chemistry's Spiers Medal. He served as the editor of the Astrophysical Journal Letters for nearly thirty years starting in 1973, as the Chair of the Harvard Department of Astronomy from 1971 to 1976, and as the Acting Director of Harvard College Observatory and then the Acting Director of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics from 1971 to 1973 during a critical period of its existence. Alex was a gifted mentor who spoke and wrote with pride of his former students and postdoctoral researchers. He was able to match projects very well with the abilities of the students. He made availability to students a special priority, and despite his supply of problems would encourage students as they developed their own. Alex was very supportive of junior scientists as they developed their careers, and in addition to writing many letters of recommendation he made many visits to colleagues as they were establishing themselves elsewhere. Furthermore, Alex very graciously hosted a number of his former students when they visited. He combined quiet modesty with a confidence that reassured others, and his humor was dry, interactive, and friendly. Alex passed away peacefully on 9 April 2015 in Cambridge, Massachusetts in the company of Fern Creelan, who was his partner for 30 years.

  4. Thom, Alexander (1894-1945)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    British engineer and archaeo-astronomer, born in Scotland, became professor of engineering science at Oxford University. Accurately surveyed the megalithic sites in Britain and the megalithic lunar observatories, identifying their shapes and astronomical alignments. He claimed to have discovered in the dimensions of the circles, as apparently used by the megalithic constructors, quanta of length ...

  5. Alexander SMIRNITSKIY 1951-2006

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    It is with great sadness that we learned of the untimely death of Alexandre Smirnitskiy, a talented Russian physicist well known and respected in the heavy ion community. Alexandre was a valued colleague, a dear friend, loving son, husband and father of two children. He died prematurely at the peak of his scientific career, just as his work was beginning to bear fruit. Alexandre’s career is inextricably tied to the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP, Russia) where he worked for 30 years. At ITEP he joined and co-authored a number of unique experiments studying collective phenomena in nuclear matter. This research had anticipated by nearly twenty years a number of the issues which are presently included in the nuclear program of the LHC. From the early 1990s, Alexandre Smirnitskiy dedicated his efforts to using gaseous detectors of parallel plate geometry for precise time-of-flight measurements of ionizing particles. He joined the ALICE collaboration with this idea, and the experi...

  6. 伊丽莎白·亚历山大教授访谈录%Interview with Prof.Elizabeth Alexander

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗良功

    2011-01-01

    Elizabeth Alexander is poet,professor and chair of the Department of African AmericanStudies,Yale University.Author of 7 books of poems such as The Venus Hottentot(1990),Amer-ican Sublime(2005),and Crave Radiance(2010) as well as 2 collections of essays The BlackInterior(2004) and Power and Possibility(2007),she was one of the three finalists for the 2006Pulitzer Prize and recipient of the National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship,Guggenheim Fel-lowship,Jackson Prize for Poetry,two Pushcart Prizes,and so on.In November 2010,ProfessorLuo Lianggong,editor of Foreign Literature Studies,Central China Normal University,interviewedProfessor Alexander at her Yale office.Beginning with her poem-reading at President Obama'sinauguration,this interview deals with her constant sense of history and her history writing bycombining familial history with the history of her race and nation.Based on this,this interviewfurther approaches the major themes of her poetry such as race,memory,and life and death,andher feminist—instead of womanist for her—perspective in her artistic practice,which,accordingto her,witnesses the influences of some feminist voices like Rita Dove and Gwendolyn Brooks.When talking about poetic artistry,she insists that she,as a formalist,views art as political andtries to imbue the artistic form in her personal and racial expression with political meanings.As tothe development of African American literature,she believes that Langston Hughes has exerted asignificant and lasting influence on many African American poets and writers,including herself,and that the Chicago Black Renaissance should draw much scholarly attention due to its achieve-ments.She also offers some comments upon her contemporary poets such as Natasha Trethewey,Kevin Young and Terrance Hayes.%伊丽莎白.亚历山大是美国耶鲁大学美国非裔研究系主任和教授,著有《霍屯督的维纳斯》、《美国高度》、《向往光辉》等 7 部诗集和

  7. Sternschnuppen und Erdmagnetismus, ein von Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß während der Universitätsfeierlichkeiten in Göttingen im September 1837 initiiertes Projekt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Reich

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIn September 1837 the centennial celebrations of Göttingen university took place; Alexander von Humboldt, who visited Göttingen for this purpose, and Carl Friedrich Gauss created the project: Do showers of meteors influence the terrestrial magnetic phaenomena, comparable to the aurora borealis? The investigation should take place in November 1837, when strong meteor showers were once again expected. In this context the letter of Humboldt to Gauss from November 30, 1837 is of great importance; in this letter two enclosures were mentioned which still exist, but which were not presented in the edition of the letters between Humboldt and Gauss.One of these enclosures is a letter from Boguslawski to Humboldt from November 15, 1837, on which Humboldt made several remarks. Boguslawski was astronomer at the observatory of Breslau. The other enclosure was a document, containing the observation data of Humboldt and Herter, which were made in Berlin during November 12 to 15 and 21. These two documents together with the historical context are presented here for the first time, accompanied by the report by Gerling on meteor showers observed in Marburg from November 12 to 14.ZusammenfassungWährend der im September 1837 in Göttingen stattfindenden Universitätsfeierlichkeiten initiierten Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß gemeinsam ein Projekt; es ging dabei um die Frage, ob Sternschnuppen die erdmagnetischen Erscheinungen beeinflussen würden, dem Nordlicht vergleichbar. Dies sollte im folgenden November, anlässlich des zu erwartenden großen Sternschnuppenschauers, überprüft werden.Im Zentrum dieser Untersuchung steht der Brief von Alexander von Humboldt an Gauß vom 30. November 1837 (Briefwechsel Humboldt-Gauß, S. 63–65; in diesem wurden zwei Beilagen bzw. Anlagen angesprochen, die zwar noch existieren, die aber bei der Ausgabe des Humboldt-Gaußschen Briefwechsels fast ganz unberücksichtigt blieben. Es handelt sich erstens

  8. Porovnání vlivu příměsi na růstové veličiny, strukturu a stabilitu porostu borovice lesní (Pinus sylvestris L. na antropogenních půdách sokolovského regionu / Influence of admixed tree species on growth, structure and stability of Scots pine stands on anthropogenic soils of the Sokolov region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoun Lukáš

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Obnova narušené krajiny povrchovou těžbou nerostných surovin je stále aktuálním tématem nejen v České republice. Cílem této studie je vyhodnotit, zda bylo zalesnění borovicí lesní s příměsí buku či lípy na antropogenních substrátech výhodné pro zvýšení produkčních schopností lesa, zvýšení stability porostu a zlepšení strukturální funkčnosti lesního ekosystému. Studie byla provedena na výsypce Antonín v blízkosti města Sokolov na jílovém substrátu v porostu starém 40 let. Pro porovnání nesmíšených borových porostů a borových porostů s příměsí listnatých dřevin (lípa a buk bylo využito základních porostních veličin a vícerozměrné analýzy rozptylu (ANOVA u stromových veličin. Porovnání ukázalo, že borovice s příměsí buku mají tendenci tvořit stabilnější porosty, zatímco u porostů s příměsí lípy byl zjištěn trend vyšší produkce. Zanedbanou výchovou bylo způsobeno snížení stability u všech porostních skupin. Celkově se na antropogenních substrátech jeví jako nejvýhodnější přimíšená dřevina borových porostů lípa, avšak k určení nejvhodnější směsi dřevin je třeba další studie.

  9. "Ungeheure Tiefe des Denkens, unerreichbarer Scharfblick und die seltenste Schnelligkeit der Kombination" Zur Wahl Alexander von Humboldts in die Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin vor 200 Jahren

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herbert Pieper

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and Spanish. On the 17th of July 1800 Alexander von Humboldt was elected as an extraordinary member of the Prussian Académie royale des sciences et belles-lettres at Berlin. The paper first deals with Humboldt’s scientific activities before his election and then goes into detail as far as his integration into the work of the Academy is concerned. Humboldt was elected as a chimiste célèbre, but as a member of the Academy he did not work as a chemist. When Humboldt proposed in 1837 to classify the members of each class in special fields, he chose for himself the field of "mineralogy-geology".

  10. Textual Differences in Alexander von Humboldt’s Essai politique sur l'île de Cuba. An editorial commentary on the first volume of the „Humboldt in English“ (HiE book series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobias Kraft

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Die vorliegende Studie basiert auf einem Editionsbericht, der 2009 im Rahmen der Konferenz „Alexander von Humboldt and the Hemisphere“ an der Vanderbilt University (Nashville, TN vorgestellt wurde. Die für diese Publikation weiter entwickelte Untersuchung verdeutlicht die Textgenese von Humboldts Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba auf der Basis eines Textvergleichs zwischen allen drei „Originalquellen“ des Texts. Der hier in seinen Ergebnissen vorgestellte Textvergleich ist Teil des Editionsprojektes „Humboldt in English“ (HiE, bei dem sich ein US-deutsches Editorenteam seit 2007 zum Ziel gesetzt haben, kritische Neuübersetzungen von drei wichtigen Schriften aus Humboldts „Opus Americanum“ anzufertigen (s.a. Fußnote. Der Textvergleich des Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba bildete die Textgrundlage für den ersten Band der HiE-Reihe, den 2011 bei Chicago University Press erschienenen The Political Essay on the Island of Cuba (hg. von Vera M. Kutzinski und Ottmar Ette. Summary This study is based on an editorial report, which was presented at the 2009 working conference „Alexander von Humboldt and the Hemisphere“ at Vanderbilt University (Nashville, TN. It demonstrates the textual genesis of Humboldt’s writings on Cuba through examples, which were obtained from a detailed text comparison of the three existing „original“ versions of Humboldt’s Essai politique sur l’île de Cuba. The collation was part of a larger strategy to regain philological ground for the „Humboldt in English“ (HiE project. Since 2007 and funded with grants from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation, and the Gerda Henkel Foundation, the US-German research team behind HiE has been working on new and unabridged translations and critical editions of three of Humboldt’s most significant texts from his American oeuvre.[1] The following observations will outline the most important

  11. Un condiscípulo español de Alexander von Humboldt en la Bergakademie de Freiberg: Josef Ricarte y su informe sobre el método de amalgamación de Born (1788

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebok, Sandra

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the work of Joseph Ricarte who stayed in Paris as a fellow and, afterwards, he went to Central Europe to study Born's amalgamation method. The work of Ricarte was specially interesting at the School of Minery in Schemnitz directed by profesor Antón Ruprecht at that time (1787. The article also refers to the instruction journeys made by Josep Ricarte and Andrés Manuel del Río to different regions of Central Europe (Hungary, Austria, Bohemia, etc... until their arriving in Freiberg, Saxony; where they studied with A. Werner and both of them were col leagues of Alexander von Humboldt. The article is supported by a dissertation of Ricarte about Ruprecht improvement of Born's method.

    Se estudia la labor de Joseph Ricarte, pensionado en París y luego en Centroeuropa, para estudiar el método de amalgamación de Born. El trabajo de Ricarte fue especialmente interesante en la Escuela de minas de Schemnitz, a cargo del profesor Antón Ruprecht, en 1787, aunque también se exponen los viajes de aprendizaje con Andrés Manuel del Río por diversas regiones centroeuropeas (Alta y baja Hungría, Austria, Bohemia,etc... hasta su llegada a Freiberg, en Sajonia, donde estudiaron con A. Werner y fueron compañeros de Alexander von Humboldt. Acompaña al artículo una disertación de Ricarte sobre las mejoras introducidas por Ruprecht al método del barón de Born.

  12. La conversion d’Alexandre le Grand au judaïsme : transpositions et avatars d’une légende dans les Romans d’Alexandre français du XIIe siècle The conversion of Alexander the Great to Judaism in the French Alexander Romances of the XIIth century : transforming and adapting a legend.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Fabre

    2009-10-01

    proprement parler.Traced back to Josephus Jewish Antiquities and to various rabbinical sources, the legendary encounter between Alexander the Great and the Jews in Jerusalem has given way to many adaptations throughout the Middle Ages and cand be found in particular in vernacular narratives of the XIIth century. Whereas Alexander’s conversion to judaism has often been taken for granted, my purpose here is to reconsider the story and to question such a view completely. Considering that portraying a conversion to judaism was hardly a genuine option for a medieval writer eager to promote the eminent qualities of his heroe, the inquiry will be twofold : first, are we truly confronted here with a conversion narrative ? And if so, is it really about judaism or are we dealing with some subtile forms of christianization ? Or could it be instead that most of the signs commonly associated with religious conversion are made part of a deceptive strategy of some sort or another ? A close literary analysis of the episode in the Alexander Romances by Alexandre de Paris and Thomas de Kent will show that the answer can not be straightforward. If the two versions are quite divergent in their treatment of the episode, both seem to be concerned with narrating an ambiguous meeting between a prince obsessed with personal ambition and a people holding a religious deposit that in the end remain hidden and undisclosed to him.

  13. Icono-grafía, cali-grafía, auto-grafía. Sobre el arte de la visualización en los diarios del viaje americano de Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung In Gemälden, die den späten Alexander von Humboldt zeigen, finden sich bildlich verdichtete Zeichen seines wissenschaftlichen Lebens. So erinnert das Bild des von Humboldt nicht ganz bestiegenen Chimborazo an die epistemische Funktion des Unabgeschlossenen in seiner Arbeit, während Karte, Globus und die charakteristische Körperhaltung auf die zentrale Bedeutung der Bewegung und auf das „Schreiben im Angesicht der Dinge“ verweisen. Auffällig ist die Präsenz des Schreibmaterials in den Bildern, das als Verweis auf die lebenslange Bedeutung der Amerikanischen Reisetagebücher verstanden werden kann. In diesen kommen wiederum die zentralen Momente der Humboldtian Science zum Ausdruck. Der Charakter des work in progress und die konsequente Relationalität der Darstellung zeigen die epistemologischen Konstanten dieser Wissenschaft genauso an wie die in der Handschrift erkennbare Dimension der Körper-Leiblichkeit. Resumen En las pinturas que retratan al erúdito Alexander von Humboldt encontramos densos signos visuales las cuales simbolizan su vida científica. La imagen del Chimborazo, cuya cima Humboldt no había alcanzado, recuerda la función epistémica de lo inacabado en su obra, mientras que la carta, el globo y su postura típica remiten al central significado del movimiento y al “escribir de cara a las cosas”. La presencia de sus objetos de escritura en las imagenes llama la atención, ya que se puede entender como referencia al significado de los diarios del viaje americano escritos durante toda la vida. En aquellos se ponen de manifiesto los momentos centrales del Humboldtian Science. El carácter del work in progress y la relacionalidad consecuente de la representación muestran las constantes epistemológicas de esta ciencia así como la dimensión de lo corporal en los manuscritos. Summary In the paintings showing the late Alexander von Humboldt, there are figuratively condensed signs of his scientific

  14. „… zu den wunderlichsten Schlangen der Gelehrsamkeit zusammengegliedert“. Neue Materialien zu den ‚Kosmos-Vorträgen‘ Alexander von Humboldts, nebst Vorüberlegungen zu deren digitaler Edition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominik Erdmann

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Alexander von Humboldts 1827/28 gehaltene Kosmos-Vorträge stellen ebenso einen kanonischen Bezugspunkt wie einen weißen Fleck in der Rezeption seines Schaffens dar. Zahlreiche Deutungen basieren auf lediglich zwei unkommentierten Leseausgaben von Collegheften anonym gebliebener Zuhörer Humboldts. Seine 2009 wiedergefundenen eigenhändigen Vorlesungsmanuskripte versprechen, diese schmale Quellenbasis zu erweitern. Alfred Dove hatte bereits 1872 auf ihre Existenz verwiesen und interpretierte sie damals als Nukleus der schriftlichen Ausarbeitung des Kosmos. Diese Sichtweise hat sich in der Rezeption gehalten, während die Materialien, die Dove beschrieb, in Vergessenheit gerieten. Der Artikel stellt anhand ausgewählter Beispiele die Vorlesungsmanuskripte Humboldts und Nachschriften seiner Zuhörer in ihrem Zusammenhang vor, entwickelt die These von der Eigenständigkeit der sogenannten Kosmos-Vorträge gegenüber dem fünfbändigen Kosmos und umreißt die wichtigsten Ziele und Inhalte der geplanten digitalen Edition. Abstract Alexander von Humboldt’s famous Kosmos-Lectures, presented in 1827/28, constitute a major benchmark as well as a blind spot in the reception of his work. Numerous interpretations are based on merely two uncommented textbook editions of notes made by anonymous listeners. Humboldt’s own lecture manuscripts, rediscovered in 2009, promise to extend the sources of interpretation. Already in 1872, Alfred Dove gave a hint to the existence of these papers. At that time, he regarded them as the nucleus of the later published Kosmos. This perception persisted up to recent times, while the existence of the papers on which Dove alluded, fell into oblivion. The article presents examples of Humboldt’s own lecture manuscripts together with notes made by his listeners. It develops the thesis of the autonomy of Humboldt’s Kosmos-Lectures towards the Kosmos, but at the same time points to aspects of continuity

  15. [Improvement of hygiene and the combat of epidemics as Russian state concerns during World War I: Prince Alexander von Oldenburg and the POWs of the Central Powers in Russia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nachtigal, Reinhard

    2004-01-01

    When Russia joined the war against the Central Powers in 1914, she immediately faced problems of public health care among the masses of people who were forced to move across far distances in the country: soldiers, refugees, and prisoners of war. Because of poor organisation and the unexpectedly long duration of the war, the POWs fared worst of all war victims in Russia. Subjected to an overstrained military organisation in the rear, the fate of this broadly neglected group illustrates how and with what success Russia strove to meet its deficiencies in administrative structure during wartime. The "Evacuation and Sanitation Section" was put under the command of a member of the Imperial family, Prince Alexander of Oldenburg, a high ranking official of German origin. This amateur scientist and initiator of medical institutions was an energetic and courageous personality who became vital for the fate of millions of POWs in epidemic-stricken Russia. The role of this "silent" ally of the German and Austro-Hungarian governments has hitherto been unknown. Newly found sources in Russian archives now shed an interesting light on a weak spot of Russia's administration and a generally neglected chapter of the history of medicine, the handling of epidemics and of deficits in hygiene.

  16. Recensión: El Color de la justicia. La nueva segregación racial en Estados Unidos, de Michelle Alexander, Editorial Capitán Swing, Salamanca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Cuneo Nash

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The New Jim Crow. Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness de la connotada jurista Michelle Alexander cuenta con una traducción al español realizada por Carmen Valle y Ethel Odriozola. Esta versión incluye un prefacio de Cornel West. Se trata de una obra esencial y de lectura obligatoria para quien quiera entender el fenómeno del encarcelamiento masivo en EE.UU. Sin embargo, su lectura se recomienda no sólo para quienes estudien el fenómeno norteamericano, puesto que han sido las políticas penales de EE.UU. las que se han exportado a Europa y Latinoamérica y, pese a las especificidades de las distintas sociedades, el sistema penal estadounidense ha servido de ‘modelo’ inspirador de legislaciones y políticas penales en distintas latitudes. Por otra parte, la imposición norteamericana en Latinoamérica ha significado la promulgación de leyes más punitivas (en materia de tráfico de estupefacientes y propiedad industrial, por ejemplo lo que en los hechos ha significado un aumento sin precedentes del número de personas presas.

  17. Considerações sobre os conceitos de natureza, espaço e morfologia em Alexander Von Humboldt e a gênese da Geografia Física moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Vitte

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a formação dos conceitos de natureza, espaço e morfologia na obra de Alexander Von Humboldt e seus impactos na formação da geografia física moderna. Influenciado pelas reflexões de Kant na Crítica do juízo, pelos trabalhos de Goethe e de Schelling, Humboldt desenvolverá uma nova interpretação e representação para a natureza na superfície da Terra, em que o conceito de espacialidade será fundamental para a explicação dos fenômenos da natureza. A geografia física moderna estrutura-se com base em um complexo cruzamento de influências, tanto estéticas quanto instrumentais desenvolvidas por Humboldt, no qual o princípio da conexão será importante para a invenção artística e científica do conceito de paisagem geográfica.

  18. „Wir verbrachten mehr als 24 Stunden, ohne etwas anderes als Schokolade und Limonade zu uns zu nehmen“. Hinweise in Alexander von Humboldts Tagebuchaufzeichnungen zu Fragen der Verpflegung auf der Forschungsreise durch Spanisch-Amerika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ursula Thiemer-Sachse

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung In Alexander von Humboldts Tagebüchern seiner berühmten Forschungsreise durch Spanisch-Amerika finden sich Bemerkungen und Hinweise für künftige Leser seiner Reisedarstellungen zu Problemen der Verpflegung. Zumeist werden Engpässe und Missstände erwähnt sowie Fragen soziopolitischer Situation verdeutlicht. Sie beziehen sich auf Extrembedingungen in stadtfernen Gebieten und im Kontakt mit den indigenen Trägern und Helfern während der einzelnen Exkursionen. Die Darstellungen der alltäglichen Gegebenheiten sind zugleich eine interessante Quelle für Verhaltensmuster der verschiedenen Schichten der spanischkolonialen Gesellschaft wie der Forschungsreisenden, die mit den Schwierigkeiten umzugehen hatten, sich anzupassen verstanden oder ihre eigenen Verhaltensmuster entwickelt haben. Damit ermöglichen Humboldts Aufzeichnungen zugleich auch auf diesem Gebiet manchen Blick auf den seither erfolgten Kulturwandel. Resumen En los diarios del famoso viaje de estudios de Alejandro de Humboldt por la América española se encuentran observaciones y notas sobre problemas de aprovisionamiento, en favor de lectores futuros de sus relaciones de viaje. En la mayoría de los casos Humboldt menciona situaciones precarias o ilustra cuestiones de carácter sociopolítico. Frecuentemente, sus apuntes se refieren a condiciones extremas en regiones remotas y en contacto con los cargadores y ayudantes indígenas durante las diferentes excursiones. Las descripciones de los acontecimientos cotidianos al mismo tiempo son una fuente interesante sobre los modos de proceder de las diferentes capas de la sociedad colonial española así como de los viajeros científicos que tuvieron que enfrentar dificultades a las cuales había que adaptarse o desarrollar modelos propios de comportamiento. Por esto al mismo tiempo las noticias de Humboldt también en este asunto posibilitan más de una vez la atención al cambio cultural que se ha realizado hasta hoy

  19. Cultural Memory on "Great" People in a "Small" Town: The Perception of King Alexander Karađorđević and Marshal Josip Broz Tito in the Cultural Memory of Samobor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijel Vojak

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the thesis that ''history is written by the winners”, ''mainstream'' history can be under¬stood as the revised and politically instrumentalized means of a certain nation's ''cultural'' memory, which some consider to be a ''history of selective memo¬ri¬zation and selective forgetfulness''. Most approaches in con¬temporary Croatian historiography which are focu¬sed on the historical periods of monarchist and socialist Yugoslavia use national-level themes as their starting point. A similar preoccupation is also present in those historiographical approaches which are focused on the problems of analyzing and understanding how collective memories are constructed. However, our aim here is to move from the ''big'' themes to a ''small'' (local setting. In this context, Samobor, a small Croatian urban centre, is going to serve us as the basis for analyzing in which way two Yugoslav rulers – King Alexander Karađorđević and Marshal Josip Broz Tito – were perceived on the local level. By analyzing the relevant archival sources as well as contemporary periodicals, we seek to un¬der¬stand the ways in which local authorities and elites, from their position of social power and status, received the mentioned rulers during their visits, and in which ways did they honour and commemorate these high-profile guests. Through this analysis, we hope to gain a better understanding of the process of the creation of local social memory, the constitution of memorial and cul¬tural patterns, and their key cultural elements and me¬anings, which are often torn apart during periods of social and political upheaval, only to be reconstituted by recombining the same key cultural and social elements while simultaneously encompassing new actors. In other words, the focus of our analysis will be on tracing the collective memory of the population of Samobor to¬wards two ''great leaders''. Starting from the thesis that ''history is written by the winners

  20. Clinical and genetic study of twelve Chinese patients with Alexander disease%亚历山大病12例中国患儿临床及遗传学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    臧莉莉; 吴晔; 王静敏; 顾强; 姜玉武; 高志杰; 杨艳玲; 肖江喜; 吴希如

    2012-01-01

    Objective To delineate the phenotype and genotype characteristics in 12 Chinese children with Alexander disease ( AD),which is helpful for the molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling in China.Methods Clinical diagnosis of AD was based on MRI criteria proposed by van der Knaarp in 2001.Included AD patients were followed up for 0.50-3.67 years.Mutations in GFAP were detected by DNA sequencing.Results The 12 cases of AD were clinically diagnosed.Age of first visit was 4.87 years (0.75-12.00 years),with 3 type s of chief complaints:developmental delay in 3,recurrent seizures in 7,unable to walk after falling in 2.Average head circumference was 52.34 cm (44-58 cm),which larger than age-matched average by 6.45% ( 1.80% -13.95% ).On the first visit,scaling according to Gross motor functional classification system ( GMFCS ) was performed,with GMFCS Ⅰ in 8,Ⅱ in 3,V in 1.Mild to severe cognitive dysfunction were found in 8,and seizures in 11 cases.The 12 patients were followed up for 0.50-3.67 years,their motor and cognitive function remained stable. Episodic aggravations provoked by fever or falling were observed in 5 cases (41.67%). Heterozygous missense mutations of GFAP were detected in 12 patients.All mutations were de novo; 3 out of 10 mutations identified were novel.R79 and P239 were hot mutations,which was consistent with previous reports.Mutations were located in exon 1 in 8 cases.Conclusions The phenotype in these patients is characterized by slower progression compared with reports from other population and high incidence of seizures.And episodic aggravations provoked by fever or falling were more common.The genotype characteristics are consistent with previous reports.The results of this research expanded the number of patients with Alexander disease found to have GFAP coding mutations in China.%目的 了解12例中国亚历山大病(Alexander disease,AD)患儿的临床表型及遗传学特点,为在国内开展该病的分子诊断及

  1. Elektriauto ostjal pole suurt midagi valida / Tarmo Riisenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riisenberg, Tarmo

    2011-01-01

    Elektriauto soetamiseks hakatakse eraisikutele Kredexi kaudu andma toetust. Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Peugeot iOn ja Citroën C-Zero on ainsad abikõlblikud elektriautod, mida Eestis osta saab. Nõuetest toetuse saamiseks

  2. TeamVieweri kasutusjuhend / Tarmo Teekivi, Riina Tralla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teekivi, Tarmo

    2015-01-01

    TeamViewer on multifunktsionaalne programm koostööks seadmete vahel. TeamVieweri rakendused leiab Google Play, Apple App Store'i, Windows Store'i ja BlackBerry Worldi keskkondadest. Artiklis tutvustatakse kahe rakenduse kasutamist, mis lihtsustavad VOSK meetodi kasutamist õppetöös ja võimaldavad teha ühistööd

  3. Kuus uut Eesti filmi korraga ekraanil / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo

    1998-01-01

    21. mail esilinastuvad kinos Sõprus 'Just märried', rezh. Peep Pedmanson; 'Päevavalgus', rezh. Mait Laas; 'Primavera', rezh. Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer; 'Vares ja hiired', rezh. Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; 'Bermuda', rezh. Ülo Pikkov; 'Tom ja Fluffy', rezh. Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits

  4. Kuus uut Eesti filmi korraga ekraanil / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    21.5. esilinastuvad kinos "Sõprus" 6 animafilmi : "Vares ja hiired", autorid Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; "Just märried", autor Peep Pedmanson; "Päevavalgus", autor Mait Laas; "Tom ja Fluffy", režissöörid Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits; "Bermuda", autor Ülo Pikkov; "Primavera", režissöörid Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer

  5. Uus sajand kulgeb keskkonnatähe all / Tarmo Virki

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Virki, Tarmo

    2000-01-01

    Washingtonis asuva World-Watch-instituudi uusim aastaraport "State of the World 2000". Täna Tallinnas viibiv Worldwatch-instituudi juht Lester Brown on kindel, et 21. sajand kulgeb keskkonnaküsimuste, mitte majanduskasvu tähe all

  6. Eesti Energia salajased uuringud / Sulev Vedler, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 2. märts nr. 9 lk. 160. Hoitakse salajas Briti konsultatsioonifirma Lexicon Partners poolt koostatud uuringut, mida peaks Eesti riik peale hakkama oma osalusega monopoolses elektriettevõttes Eesti Energia. Majandusminister Edgar Savisaar lasi uuringu ministeeriumisse tuua ning andis juristidele ülesande analüüsida, kui palju saab dokumendist avaldada. Vt. samas: Elektri hind

  7. Res Publica hirmutab valijaid homoabieludega / Evelyne Gebhardt ; interv. Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gebhardt, Evelyne

    2004-01-01

    Saksa europoliitik, sotsiaaldemokraat Evelyne Gebhardt avaldab arvamust Res Publica europarlamendi valimiste loosungite kohta ning leiab, et kõige rohkem meenutavad need talle Prantsusmaa Le Peni või Austria Jörg Haiderit

  8. Parimad ruumid ja asjad : ESL aastapreemiad 2002 / Tarmo Piirmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirmets, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Publitsistikapreemia - Jüri Kermiku monograafia "A. M. Luther 1877-1940", parim ajalooline interjöör - presidendi kantselei, sisearh. Juta Lember, parim kaasaegne interjöör - mööblifirma "Neiser" kontor, sisearh. Tiiu Truus, esemepreemia - mööbliseeria "FlixFlax", disainer Ivari Männi

  9. Problemu postavili v otshered / Tarmo Tammiste ; interv. Jevgenia Aleksejeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tammiste, Tarmo, 1962-

    2007-01-01

    Narva linnapea ei nõustu seisukohaga, et Eesti-Vene piiril tekkinud pikkade ootejärjekordadega kaasnenud probleemid on vaid maakonna või Narva linna mure. Narva on teinud ettepanekuid olukorra parandamiseks, kuid need on linnapea sõnul jäänud vastuseta

  10. Sussides mees tõi auhinna Eestisse / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti reklaamibüroo Teamart Promotion idee põhjal Tuisk Film Productioni poolt toodetud Eesti Loto reklaamiklipp "Sünd" võitis ülemaailmsel lotoorganisatsioonide konverentsil New Mexico osariigis Albuquerques reklaamfilmide imago-kategoorias peapreemia

  11. Mürgilaeva maaletoojad / Sulev Vedler, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Paldiskis kinni peetud mürgilaeva Probo Koalat rentiv Madalmaade naftakaubanduskompanii Trafigura Beheer on Alexela Terminali suurim aktsionär. Keskkonnakaitsjate surve, laeva kinnipidamise põhjused ja süüdistused. Lisa: Alexela terminali omanikud

  12. Pohlak : keegi tahab staadioni valmisehitamise nurjata / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    Maksu- ja tolliamet avalikustas Lilleküla staadionit haldava MTÜ jalgpalliklubi FC Flora võla - 18,8 miljonit krooni - enne valitsusepoolset otsust 70 miljoni krooni suurusest rahasüstist, millega staadion valmis ehitada

  13. Vimkameister Lennart / Tarmo Michelson, Jaan Väljaots, Allar Viivik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    Humoorikaid seiku president Lennart Meri elust. Vt. samas: Lennart Meri: "Ma ei ole karsklane ja kannan tublisti."; Endel Lippmaa: eile algas talv; Hans Trass: "President jäi poisikeseks elu lõpuni."

  14. Tarmo Saaret: Niguliste varad kuuluvad riigile / intervjueerinud Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saaret, Tarmo

    2011-01-01

    Muuseumina tegutseva Niguliste kirikuhoone tagastamisest luteri kirikule. Kirikus eksponeeritavatest kunstiteostest (Bernt Notke "Surmatants", Hermen Rode altar), nende väärtusest. Samal teemal Sigrid Kõivu repliik "Muuseum või kirik" lk. 2

  15. Sillarti "lapsed" said käe valgeks / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Eesti Kino Suvepäevade raames esilinastusid 3. juunil TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli mängufilmi režissööride II kursuse (juhendaja Jüri Sillart) kursusetööd-lühimängufilmid : "2.68" (Tanel Toom), "Teispool vihma" (Margus Paju), "Sünnipäev" (Kaupo Kruusiauk) ja telerežii lõpetanud Anu Auna "Liivakellade parandaja"

  16. Kuus uut Eesti filmi korraga ekraanil / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo

    1998-01-01

    21. mail esilinastuvad kinos Sõprus 'Just märried', rezh. Peep Pedmanson; 'Päevavalgus', rezh. Mait Laas; 'Primavera', rezh. Riho Unt ja Hardi Volmer; 'Vares ja hiired', rezh. Priit Tender ja Mikk Rand; 'Bermuda', rezh. Ülo Pikkov; 'Tom ja Fluffy', rezh. Janno Põldma ja Heiki Ernits

  17. Poliitikud bulvaripressi küüsis / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    1995-01-01

    Kuulujutte Eesti prominentidest ajalehtedes Esmaspäev, Liivimaa Kroonika, Liivimaa Kuller, Nelli Teataja, Post (kuni aastani 1994). L. Meri, M. Laar, E. Savisaar, T. Vähi, A. Rüütel, M. Lauristin, K. Kulbok, Ü. Kaevats, I. Hallaste, J. Toomepuu, J. Luik, A. Leps, L. Hänni. Kõmuajakirjandus. Bulvariajakirjandus

  18. Estonia hukk jõuab suvel kinodesse / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2002-01-01

    Nädal tagasi alustati Berliinis poliitilise põnevusfilmi "Baltic Storm" võtetega, mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku venelaste vandenõu tulemusena. Produtsendid on Jutta Rabe ja Kaj Holmberg, režissöör Reuben Leder, peaosades Greta Scacchi ja Jürgen Prochnow

  19. Seadusemuudatused raskendavad ümbrikupalga maksmist / Helmut Pikmets, Tarmo Peterson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikmets, Helmut, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Karistusseadustiku ja selle muutmisega seonduvate seaduste muutmise seaduse maksualaste süütegude muudatustest, mis raskendvad oluliselt ümbrikupalga maksmist. Muudatused jõustusid 15. märtsist 2007

  20. Kahuriliha aeg on möödas / Tarmo Leinatamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leinatamm, Tarmo, 1957-2014

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Türi Rahvaleht 18. nov., lk. 4, Vali Uudised 18. nov., lk. 2, Sakala 18. nov., lk. 2, Meie Maa 18. nov., lk. 2, Põhjarannik 18. nov., lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 18. nov. lk. 2, Valgamaalane 19. nov., lk. 2, Lääne Elu 19. nov. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 22. nov. lk. 2, Vooremaa 24. nov. lk. 2. Autor leiab, et kohustuslik ajateenistus Eestis ei taha vajalikku taset

  1. Presidendi autojuht virutas riigilt 33 miljonit krooni / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Riiulifirmadega riiki petnud tartlane Vadim Šamrai peab maksu- ja tolliametile tagastama ligi 33,3 miljonit krooni, ühtlasi määras kohus talle 3 aasta ja 2 kuu pikkuse vanglakaristuse. 2006. a. presidendivalimiste kampaania ajal sõidutas V. Shamrai renditud bussiga Toomas Hendrik Ilvest ja tema meeskonda. Juuresoleval fotol V. Shamrai 22. sept. 2006 koos T. H. Ilvese, proua Evelin Ilvese, Luukas Ilvese ja Eesti Televisiooni saatejuhi Andres Kuusega. Vt. ka vastukaja artiklile: Eesti Ekspress 31. dets. 2009, lk. A8, pealk.: Ilves kinkis kriminaalist autojuhile raamatu. Presidendi kantselei kinnitusel sattus V. Shamrai tulevast presidenti sõidutama transpordiettevõtja Tiit Pruuli vahendusel

  2. Mida tegi peaminister Ansip 20 aastat tagasi? / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Endine Tartu KEK-i juhataja Jaak Kalm ja Tartu linna täitevkomitee aseesimees Robert Närska 1988. a. 2. veebruari meeleavaldusest ja selle laialiajamisest Tartus. Andrus Ansipi väidetavast kommentaarist meeleavalduse laialiajamisel. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi vastuseid küsimustele, miks EKP Tartu rajoonikomitee ei valinud teda 1988. a. rajoonikomitee II sekretäriks; kus ta viibis 2. veebruaril 1988. Lisa: Mida näitavad dokumendid

  3. Kahuriliha aeg on möödas / Tarmo Leinatamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leinatamm, Tarmo, 1957-2014

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Türi Rahvaleht 18. nov., lk. 4, Vali Uudised 18. nov., lk. 2, Sakala 18. nov., lk. 2, Meie Maa 18. nov., lk. 2, Põhjarannik 18. nov., lk. 2, Severnoje Poberezhje 18. nov. lk. 2, Valgamaalane 19. nov., lk. 2, Lääne Elu 19. nov. lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 22. nov. lk. 2, Vooremaa 24. nov. lk. 2. Autor leiab, et kohustuslik ajateenistus Eestis ei taha vajalikku taset

  4. Eesti Energia salajased uuringud / Sulev Vedler, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 2. märts nr. 9 lk. 160. Hoitakse salajas Briti konsultatsioonifirma Lexicon Partners poolt koostatud uuringut, mida peaks Eesti riik peale hakkama oma osalusega monopoolses elektriettevõttes Eesti Energia. Majandusminister Edgar Savisaar lasi uuringu ministeeriumisse tuua ning andis juristidele ülesande analüüsida, kui palju saab dokumendist avaldada. Vt. samas: Elektri hind

  5. Eesti jäämurdekontseptsioon / Carol Kirss, Tarmo Kõuts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Carol

    2005-01-01

    Autorite arvates on Eestis olemas risk, et sadamad jäävad külmadel talvedel piisava jäämurdevõimsuse juures blokeerituks. Võimalikest jäämurdekontseptsioonidest Eestis. Diagrammid: Kaubavedu Eesti sadamate kaudu; Eesti sadamate laevakülastused. Tabelid: Talvesadmate osatähtsus; Jäämurdjate optimaalse arvu selgitamine; Soome ja Liivi lahe erinevate jäämurdesüsteemide versioonide maksumus

  6. Mälupulga kaotaja sai karistada / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tarkvarafirma Mindworks Industries töötaja kaotas mälupulga, millel olid 302 067 kaitseväekohuslase isikuandmed. Firma osaniku ja tegevjuhi Kaspar-Patrik Loidi ülekuulamisest andmekaitse inspektsiooni vaneminspektori Veigo Rivise poolt

  7. Mälupulga kaotaja sai karistada / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Tarkvarafirma Mindworks Industries töötaja kaotas mälupulga, millel olid 302 067 kaitseväekohuslase isikuandmed. Firma osaniku ja tegevjuhi Kaspar-Patrik Loidi ülekuulamisest andmekaitse inspektsiooni vaneminspektori Veigo Rivise poolt

  8. Res Publica hirmutab valijaid homoabieludega / Evelyne Gebhardt ; interv. Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gebhardt, Evelyne

    2004-01-01

    Saksa europoliitik, sotsiaaldemokraat Evelyne Gebhardt avaldab arvamust Res Publica europarlamendi valimiste loosungite kohta ning leiab, et kõige rohkem meenutavad need talle Prantsusmaa Le Peni või Austria Jörg Haiderit

  9. Geniaalne aines, hämmastav film / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Oktoobri algul Kuressaares peetud Saaremaalt pärit ameerika arhitekti Louis Kahni konverentsi raames Kuressaare Linnateatris näidatud dokumentaalfilmist "Minu arhitekt" ("My Architect") : režissöör Nathaniel Kahn : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003

  10. TeamVieweri kasutusjuhend / Tarmo Teekivi, Riina Tralla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teekivi, Tarmo

    2015-01-01

    TeamViewer on multifunktsionaalne programm koostööks seadmete vahel: arvuti-arvuti, arvuti-nutiseade. TeamVieweri rakendused leiab Google Play, Apple App Store'i, Windows Store'i ja BlackBerry Worldi keskkondadest. Artiklis tutvustatakse kahe rakenduse kasutamist, mis lihtsustavad VOSK meetodi kasutamist õppetöös ja võimaldavad teha ühistööd

  11. Kirsi maitsest, värdjatest ja inimestest / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    II Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali mängufilme "Kirsi maitse" ("Ta ̀m e guilass"), stsenarist ja režissöör Abbas Kiarostami : Iraan 1997 ja "Värdjatest ja inimestest" ("Pro urodov i ljudej"), režissöör Aleksei Balabanov : Venemaa 1998

  12. Sussides mees tõi auhinna Eestisse / Tarmo Michelson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Michelson, Tarmo, 1975-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti reklaamibüroo Teamart Promotion idee põhjal Tuisk Film Productioni poolt toodetud Eesti Loto reklaamiklipp "Sünd" võitis ülemaailmsel lotoorganisatsioonide konverentsil New Mexico osariigis Albuquerques reklaamfilmide imago-kategoorias peapreemia

  13. Eesti jäämurdekontseptsioon / Carol Kirss, Tarmo Kõuts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirss, Carol

    2005-01-01

    Autorite arvates on Eestis olemas risk, et sadamad jäävad külmadel talvedel piisava jäämurdevõimsuse juures blokeerituks. Võimalikest jäämurdekontseptsioonidest Eestis. Diagrammid: Kaubavedu Eesti sadamate kaudu; Eesti sadamate laevakülastused. Tabelid: Talvesadmate osatähtsus; Jäämurdjate optimaalse arvu selgitamine; Soome ja Liivi lahe erinevate jäämurdesüsteemide versioonide maksumus

  14. Elektriauto ostjal pole suurt midagi valida / Tarmo Riisenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Riisenberg, Tarmo

    2011-01-01

    Elektriauto soetamiseks hakatakse eraisikutele Kredexi kaudu andma toetust. Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Peugeot iOn ja Citroën C-Zero on ainsad abikõlblikud elektriautod, mida Eestis osta saab. Nõuetest toetuse saamiseks

  15. 600 filmi kenas ruskes Soome linnas / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Tampere 35. lühifilmide festivalil nähtust. Näidati ka täissaalile 12 Riho Undi ja Hardi Volmeri animafilmi aastatest 1986-2000. Grand prix "Suur Suudlus" läks vene päritolu Norra animaatorile filmi eest "Läbi mu paksude prillide" ("Gjennom mine tykke briller")

  16. Presidendi autojuht virutas riigilt 33 miljonit krooni / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Riiulifirmadega riiki petnud tartlane Vadim Šamrai peab maksu- ja tolliametile tagastama ligi 33,3 miljonit krooni, ühtlasi määras kohus talle 3 aasta ja 2 kuu pikkuse vanglakaristuse. 2006. a. presidendivalimiste kampaania ajal sõidutas V. Shamrai renditud bussiga Toomas Hendrik Ilvest ja tema meeskonda. Juuresoleval fotol V. Shamrai 22. sept. 2006 koos T. H. Ilvese, proua Evelin Ilvese, Luukas Ilvese ja Eesti Televisiooni saatejuhi Andres Kuusega. Vt. ka vastukaja artiklile: Eesti Ekspress 31. dets. 2009, lk. A8, pealk.: Ilves kinkis kriminaalist autojuhile raamatu. Presidendi kantselei kinnitusel sattus V. Shamrai tulevast presidenti sõidutama transpordiettevõtja Tiit Pruuli vahendusel

  17. Benois ja Bakst Luganos / Harry Liivrand, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    1998-01-01

    Erakogu omanik, saksa parun Thyssen-Bornemisza, eksponeerib oma Lugano Villa Favoritas 2. nov.-ni näitusel 'Theatre of reason - Theatre of desire' vene kunstnike Aleksander Benois' ja Leon Baksti vene antreprenööri Sergei Djagilevi balletilavastustele loodud kostüüme, lavakujunduste makette, dekoratsioone

  18. KGB killer plaanis Savisaare mõrva / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib dokumente, mille kohaselt vahistas Eriteenistus 1991. aasta augustis Andrei Stekolshtshikovi, kelle väidetavaks ülesandeks oli tappa peaminister Edgar Savisaar. Vt. samas: 17 aastat hiljem: mis neist on saanud?

  19. Parimad ruumid ja asjad : ESL aastapreemiad 2002 / Tarmo Piirmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirmets, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Publitsistikapreemia - Jüri Kermiku monograafia "A. M. Luther 1877-1940", parim ajalooline interjöör - presidendi kantselei, sisearh. Juta Lember, parim kaasaegne interjöör - mööblifirma "Neiser" kontor, sisearh. Tiiu Truus, esemepreemia - mööbliseeria "FlixFlax", disainer Ivari Männi

  20. Estonia's eVikings project facing new challenges / Tarmo Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Analüüs innovatsioonist ning teadus- ja arendustegevusest Eestis. Koostöö vajalikkusest ettevõtete ja instituutide vahel parandamaks Eesti IT sektori rahvusvahelist konkurentsivõimet. IT-alastest uuringutest Eestis. Skeem

  1. 200 000 kroonine viga Reformierakonna aruandes / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Reformierakonna aruande kohaselt maksis Riigikogu liige Jaanus Rahumägi 200 000 krooni reklaamfirmale Droom. J. Rahumäe väitel ei ole ta firmale maksnud sentigi. Vt. samas intervjuud Jaanus Rahumäega

  2. EL turgutab firmade konkurentsivõimet / Tarmo Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Tarmo

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 21. veebr. lk. 12. Konkurentsivõime ja Innovatsiooni Programm (KIP) on 2007. aastal käivituv innovaatilistele väikese ja keskmise suurusega ettevõtetele suunatud EL-i toetusprogramm. Lisa: KIP; Kes osaleb KIP-i programmis?

  3. 600 filmi kenas ruskes Soome linnas / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2005-01-01

    Tampere 35. lühifilmide festivalil nähtust. Näidati ka täissaalile 12 Riho Undi ja Hardi Volmeri animafilmi aastatest 1986-2000. Grand prix "Suur Suudlus" läks vene päritolu Norra animaatorile filmi eest "Läbi mu paksude prillide" ("Gjennom mine tykke briller")

  4. Optimaalne oleks 60-80 omavalitsust / Tarmo Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loodus, Tarmo, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Eesti Eest = Za Estoniju : Izdanije objedinenija "Sojuz Otetshestva i Res Publica" 15. mai 2008, lk. 6. Haldusreformi tulemusena peavad omavalitsused kindlasti jääma rahvale lähedale ja valla administratiivkeskuse kaugenemine ei tohi tähendada teenuste kättesaadavuse halvenemist

  5. Vene mäss Edgari tagalas / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2003-01-01

    Keskerakonna venelased tahavad saada endale Tallinna volikogu aseesimehe ja Lasnamäe linnaosa vanema kohta, väidab autor. Vt. samas intervjuu Tallinna volikogu keskfraktsiooni liikme Dimitri Klenskiga

  6. Estonia's eVikings project facing new challenges / Tarmo Pihl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihl, Tarmo

    2003-01-01

    Analüüs innovatsioonist ning teadus- ja arendustegevusest Eestis. Koostöö vajalikkusest ettevõtete ja instituutide vahel parandamaks Eesti IT sektori rahvusvahelist konkurentsivõimet. IT-alastest uuringutest Eestis. Skeem

  7. Eesti rahvusliku tahte triumf? / Tarmo Jüristo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüristo, Tarmo

    2010-01-01

    Autor analüüsib kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo Tartu rahu aastapäevale pühendatud kõnet, milles kaitseminister viitas tahtmatult 1934. aasta propagandafilmile "Tahte triumf" ("Triumph des Willens"), mis kujutas Adolf Hitleri saabumist natsionaalsotsialistliku partei Nürnbergi konverentsile

  8. Sotsiaalministeerium kardab krahhi! / Annika Alasoo, Tiina Kaalep, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alasoo, Annika, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Infopress 11. oktoober nr. 41 lk. 108. Sotsiaalministeerium on koostanud asutusesiseseks kasutamiseks meediaplaani, mis õpetab ametnikele, kuidas värsket ravikindlustusseadust esitleda avalikkusele nii, et selle nõrkused silma ei paistaks

  9. E-citizen in an E-state / Tarmo Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loodus, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumis aeg Winter 2001/2002. Eesti peab muutuma riigiks, kus avaliku sektori asjaajamine toimub ööpäevaringselt, Interneti-ühendus koduarvuteis on tavaline, kasutusele võetakse digitaalallkiri - kõik see nõuab lisaks tehnoloogia arengule ka organisatoorseid ümberkorraldusi. Autor: Isamaaliit

  10. E-citizen in an E-state / Tarmo Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loodus, Tarmo, 1958-

    2001-01-01

    Kaanel ajak. ilmumis aeg Winter 2001/2002. Eesti peab muutuma riigiks, kus avaliku sektori asjaajamine toimub ööpäevaringselt, Interneti-ühendus koduarvuteis on tavaline, kasutusele võetakse digitaalallkiri - kõik see nõuab lisaks tehnoloogia arengule ka organisatoorseid ümberkorraldusi. Autor: Isamaaliit

  11. Riigiasutuste personalikulud peavad olema läbipaistvad / Tarmo Kriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kriis, Tarmo, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Tööandjate Keskliidu juhi arvates vajame kogu avaliku sektori tõhususe hindamiseks korralikku analüüsi, koos tööõiguse reformiga tuleks üle vaadata ka avaliku teenistuse seadus ning tekitada riigiametnikele selged motivatsiooniskeemid. Ettevõtjate kriitika riigiasutuste personalikulude planeerimise aadressil

  12. KGB killer plaanis Savisaare mõrva / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Autor analüüsib dokumente, mille kohaselt vahistas Eriteenistus 1991. aasta augustis Andrei Stekolshtshikovi, kelle väidetavaks ülesandeks oli tappa peaminister Edgar Savisaar. Vt. samas: 17 aastat hiljem: mis neist on saanud?

  13. Kirsi maitsest, värdjatest ja inimestest / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    II Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali mängufilme "Kirsi maitse" ("Ta ̀m e guilass"), stsenarist ja režissöör Abbas Kiarostami : Iraan 1997 ja "Värdjatest ja inimestest" ("Pro urodov i ljudej"), režissöör Aleksei Balabanov : Venemaa 1998

  14. Benois ja Bakst Luganos / Harry Liivrand, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liivrand, Harry, 1961-

    1998-01-01

    Erakogu omanik, saksa parun Thyssen-Bornemisza, eksponeerib oma Lugano Villa Favoritas 2. nov.-ni näitusel 'Theatre of reason - Theatre of desire' vene kunstnike Aleksander Benois' ja Leon Baksti vene antreprenööri Sergei Djagilevi balletilavastustele loodud kostüüme, lavakujunduste makette, dekoratsioone

  15. Mürgilaeva maaletoojad / Sulev Vedler, Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Paldiskis kinni peetud mürgilaeva Probo Koalat rentiv Madalmaade naftakaubanduskompanii Trafigura Beheer on Alexela Terminali suurim aktsionär. Keskkonnakaitsjate surve, laeva kinnipidamise põhjused ja süüdistused. Lisa: Alexela terminali omanikud

  16. Geniaalne aines, hämmastav film / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Oktoobri algul Kuressaares peetud Saaremaalt pärit ameerika arhitekti Louis Kahni konverentsi raames Kuressaare Linnateatris näidatud dokumentaalfilmist "Minu arhitekt" ("My Architect") : režissöör Nathaniel Kahn : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2003

  17. Riigiasutuste personalikulud peavad olema läbipaistvad / Tarmo Kriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kriis, Tarmo, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Tööandjate Keskliidu juhi arvates vajame kogu avaliku sektori tõhususe hindamiseks korralikku analüüsi, koos tööõiguse reformiga tuleks üle vaadata ka avaliku teenistuse seadus ning tekitada riigiametnikele selged motivatsiooniskeemid. Ettevõtjate kriitika riigiasutuste personalikulude planeerimise aadressil

  18. Temperatura base para emissão de folhas e nós, filocrono e plastocrono das plantas daninhas papuã e corriola Base temperature for leaf and node appearance, phyllochron and plastochron in the weeds Alexander grass and Morning glory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gizelli Moiano de Paula

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O papuã (Brachiaria plantaginea e a corriola (Ipomoea triloba são importantes plantas daninhas de culturas anuais. O filocrono (intervalo de tempo entre o aparecimento de duas folhas sucessivas e o plastocrono (intervalo de tempo entre o aparecimento de dois nós sucessivos são importantes parâmetros do desenvolvimento vegetal. A soma térmica é usada para expressar tempo no filocrono e no plastocrono e o seu cálculo implica o conhecimento da temperatura base. O objetivo do trabalho foi estimar a temperatura base para emissão de folhas e nós, o filocrono e o plastocrono em papuã e corriola, respectivamente. Os dados usados no trabalho são provenientes de um experimento com milho realizado em Santa Maria, RS, em várias épocas durante o ano agrícola 2005/2006. Em cada parcela de milho, foram deixadas crescer duas plantas de papuã e duas plantas de corriola. Na haste principal destas plantas, foram medidos, uma vez por semana, o Estágio de Haun (HS no papuã e o número de nós visíveis (NN na corriola. A temperatura base estimada usando a metodologia do menor valor de Quadrado Médio do Erro (QME foi de 3°C para o papuã e 7°C para corriola. O filocrono em papuã variou de 100,1°C dia folha-1 a 142,6°C dia folha-1 em função da época do cultivo do milho e o plastocrono em corriola não diferiu entre épocas de cultivo sendo, em média, 38,8°C dia nó-1.Alexander grass (Brachiaria plantaginea and Morning glory (Ipomoea triloba are important weeds in annual crops. The phyllochron (time interval between the appearance of two successive leaves and the plastochron (time interval between the appearance of successive nodes are important parameters of plant development. Thermal time is used to express time in the phyllochron and in the plastochron, and in the calculation of thermal time the value of the base temperature is needed. The objective of this study was to estimate the base temperature for leaf and node appearance, the

  19. Francisco a. ortega martínez y alexander chaparro silva (eds.), disfraz y pluma de todos. opinión pública y cultura política, siglos xviii y xix (bogotá: universidad nacional de colombia, facultad de ciencias humanas, centro deestudios sociales-ces; unive

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Este libro colectivo es el resultado de varios años de investigación de los editoressobre la prensa, la opinión pública y la cultura política neogranadina entre !nalesdel siglo XVIII y el XIX, que articularon a proyectos de recuperación y difusión deperiódicos de la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango y la Biblioteca Nacional, y a interesesinvestigativos de otros académicos en temas similares de trabajo. Francisco OrtegaMartínez y Alexander Chaparro Silva recogen una serie de artículos de investigac...

  20. Alexander Fleming: the spectrum of penicillin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternbach, G; Varon, J

    1992-01-01

    The discovery of penicillin was directly linked to the inhibition by that agent of the growth of colonies of staphylococcus. However, subsequent resistance by this organism to penicillin as well as to a number of other agents has marked the history of staphylococcus in the antibiotic era. One of the most important mechanisms of this resistance has been the production of penicillinase, an enzyme that inactivates penicillin and related antibiotics. Penicillinase is currently termed beta-lactamase, and it is now recognized that there are several types of beta-lactamases produced by various organisms. The ability of staphylococci to produce this enzyme has been countered by the development of penicillinase-resistant agents and the addition of beta-lactamase inhibitors to antibiotics.

  1. 27 CFR 9.53 - Alexander Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... on the northeasterly line of “Olive Hill” Cemetery, lying on the easterly side of a light-duty road... most easterly point thereon; (17) Then southerly 3,000 feet along the meanders of the west fork of Wood... identified as Lytton Springs Road in T. 9 N., R. 9 W.; (21) Then easterly along Lytton Springs Road to...

  2. Does Estonia need foreign policy? / Alexander Astrov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Astrov, Alexander

    2003-01-01

    Autori arvates vajab Eesti kindlaksmääratud poliitikasuundade asemel rohkem välispoliitikat laiemas mõttes, vajalik oleks loobuda viimase aastakümne eesmärgikesksest ratsionaalsusest enam kontekstitundliku tegutsemis- ja mõtlemisviisi kasuks

  3. Juhile tekitab pingeid segane kohanemisaeg / Alexander Kotchubei

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotchubei, Alexander, 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Suur risk vastuolude tekkimiseks organisatsioonis kaasneb uue keskastmejuhi töölevõtmisega, mille põhjuseks on kohanemisperioodi puudumine. Vt. samas: Arenev konflikt vajab jahutamist; Juhtide omavahelises vastuolus kannatab ettevõte

  4. Alexander, Hannibal, and Scipio in Lucian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barry Baldwin

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Not much has been written about this particular Dialogue of the Dead. What there is, apart from noting the obvious fact of it being a comic syncrisis, concentrates on the role of Scipio and Lucian's alleged historical errors throughout the piece. But there is much more to be said about correlation of satire and history in the piece. And the supposed historical errors melt away upon examination. This paper also encompasses two new topics: a general review of the dialogue and its theme in terms of both genre and topicality, and some possible internal evidence for redating it to a later period than has hitherto been done.

  5. Erkundung und Erforschung Alexander von Humboldts Amerikareise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eberhard Knobloch

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Article in German, Abstracts in English and German.In a similar way as Adalbert Stifter's narrator in the novel “Late summer” A. v. Humboldt combined exploration with research, fondness for travelling with striving for findings during his travel through South America. Humboldt clearly indicated his double aim: to report on the visited countries, to collect facts in order to improve physical geography. The treatise consists of five sections: object, route, methods, results, evaluation.

  6. Alexander-Conway invariants of tangles

    CERN Document Server

    Polyak, Michael

    2010-01-01

    We consider an algebra of (classical or virtual) tangles over an ordered circuit operad and introduce Conway-type invariants of tangles which respect this algebraic structure. The resulting invariants contain both the coefficients of the Conway polynomial and the Milnor's mu-invariants of string links as partial cases. The extension of the Conway polynomial to virtual tangles satisfies the usual Conway skein relation and its coefficients are GPV finite type invariants. As a by-product, we also obtain a simple representation of the braid group which gives the Conway polynomial as a certain twisted trace.

  7. Does Estonia need foreign policy? / Alexander Astrov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Astrov, Alexander

    2003-01-01

    Autori arvates vajab Eesti kindlaksmääratud poliitikasuundade asemel rohkem välispoliitikat laiemas mõttes, vajalik oleks loobuda viimase aastakümne eesmärgikesksest ratsionaalsusest enam kontekstitundliku tegutsemis- ja mõtlemisviisi kasuks

  8. Jevropeiskii biznes gorko platshet / Alexander Rahr

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Den za Dnjom 2. mai lk. 20, Stolitsa 5. mai lk. 5. Venemaale ja Ida-Euroopa riikidele spetsialiseerunud Saksa politoloogi ettekanne Tallinna linna korraldatud Kodurahu Foorumil, kus põhitähelepanu oli Euroopa riikide suhetel, sh suhetel Venemaaga ning Euroopa poliitika tulevikuperspektiividel. Vahendanud Tatjana Opekina

  9. Znat russkii jazõk polezno / Mart Laar ; interv. Viktor Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Peaminister Mart Laari intervjuu ajalehele "Nezavissimaja Gazeta" ئ vene keele kasutamisest Eestis, Eesti-Vene suhetest, liitumisest NATO-ga. Art. refereerib T. Kallas, PM Jan/7 lk. 11. Allikas: Nezavissimaja gazeta

  10. Pangajärelevalve ja e-panganduse areng / Toomas Kirt, Dmitri Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kirt, Toomas

    2004-01-01

    Finantsinspektsioonist riikliku finantsjärelevalve teostajana. Baseli Pangajärelevalve Komitee standardite kogumist "Basel II" pankade kapitali adekvaatsuse seireks. Tabelid: E-panganduse sisu; Pankade vahendusel jaemaksete tegemise võimalused Eestis 2003. aasta lõpu seisuga

  11. Aabitsatõed, mis aitavad vältida hullemat / Artjom Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sokolov, Artjom

    2009-01-01

    Swedbanki ettevõtete panganduse tegevdirektori sõnul saavad ka praegu pangast uut raha projektid, mille taga on tugeva tausta, kõrge kapitaliseerituse taseme ja rahavooga ning realistliku äriplaaniga ettevõtjad. Nõuandeid ettevõtjaile

  12. Znat russkii jazõk polezno / Mart Laar ; interv. Viktor Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Peaminister Mart Laari intervjuu ajalehele "Nezavissimaja Gazeta" ئ vene keele kasutamisest Eestis, Eesti-Vene suhetest, liitumisest NATO-ga. Art. refereerib T. Kallas, PM Jan/7 lk. 11. Allikas: Nezavissimaja gazeta

  13. Redução da infestação de papuã (Urochloa plantaginea no feijoeiro comum através do uso de herbicidas residuais Reduction of Alexander grass (Urochloa plantaginea infestation with aplication of residual herbicides on common bean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kalsing

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos de herbicidas residuais, aplicados na condição de pré-emergência da cultura, na redução da infestação de papuã (Urochloa plantaginea no feijoeiro comum. Realizaram-se dois experimentos em campo, em Eldorado do Sul, RS, sendo um conduzido com o cultivar UFT - 06 (grupo Carioca e o outro com o cultivar IPR Graúna (grupo Preto. Os experimentos foram instalados em blocos casualizados, com quatro repetições, testando-se quatro herbicidas residuais em duas doses, mais testemunha sem controle da infestante. Esses herbicidas, com as respectivas doses (kg i.a. ha-1, foram pendimethalin e trifluralin (1,2 e 1,4 e dimethenamid e S-metolachlor (1,4 e 1,6. O controle e a massa seca da parte aérea do papuã foram avaliados aos 20 e 40 dias após a emergência da cultura, o que compreende o período crítico de interferência das infestantes. Os quatro herbicidas testados reduziram a infestação do papuã no feijoeiro comum em relação à testemunha, sendo os melhores níveis de eficácia de controle obtidos com trifluralin. Para se obter sucesso na redução da infestação do papuã com herbicidas residuais, devem-se combinar outras ações de manejo em pós-emergência da cultura do feijão comum.This work evaluated the effects of residual herbicides, applied in crop pre-emergence, on the reduction of Alexander grass (Urochloa plantaginea infestation in the common bean. Two field experiments were conducted at Eldorado do Sul, RS/Brazil: one using the bean cultivar UFT-06 (Red group, and the other using IPR Graúna (Black group. The experiments were arranged in a randomized block design, with four replicates, and the treatments consisted of four herbicides, at two rates (kg i.a. ha-1, as follows: pendimethalin and trifluralin (1.2 and 1.4, and s metolachlor and dimethenamid (1.4 and 1.6. Control and shoot mass of Alexander grass were assessed at 20 and 40 days after crop emergence, which

  14. Illustrated and online catalog of type specimens of freshwater fishes in the Colección de Peces Dulceacuícolas of Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH-P), Colombia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donascimiento, Carlos; Cárdenas-Bautista, Johann-Stephens; Acosta, Kevin Giancarlo Borja; González-Alvarado, Arturo; Medina, Claudia A

    2016-09-29

    The catalog of type specimens of freshwater fishes deposited in the Colección de Peces Dulceacuícolas del Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (IAvH-P) is presented. This list includes 483 specimens in 65 lots representing 11 holotypes and 472 paratypes of 48 nominal species. Corrections, additions, and updating of information in the original descriptions are included in individual remarks for each catalog number entry and a gallery of pictures of holotypes or paratypes of each nominal species is also presented, which supplements some original descriptions lacking figures of their respective types. An online version of the catalog is available at http://humboldt.org.co/en/servicios/colecciones-biologicas/catalogo-de-tipos.

  15. Free Speech and Its Relation to Self- Government: on Alexander Meiklejohn's Free Speech and Its Relation to Self- Government%言论自由及其与自治的关系——解读亚历山大·米克尔约翰的《表达自由的法律限度》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲广娣

    2009-01-01

    @@ 由米克尔约翰(Alexander Meiklejohn)所著,侯键翻译,贵州人民出版社2003年出版的这本书,其中文译名虽为,但是通观全书,主要谈的并非法律施加于表达自由的具体限度,而是着重要说明表达自由对于自治制度的重要性,正如该书的英文书名所表达的"表达自由及其与自治制度的关系"(Free Speech and Its Relation to Self -Government).

  16. Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain%亚历山大技术课程、体育锻炼以及按摩(ATEAM)治疗慢性复发性腰背痛的随机对照试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paul Little; Peter Smith; Lucy Yadley; Sandra Hollinghurst; Debbie Sharp; 张扬红; George Lewith; Fran Webley; Maggie Evans; Angela Beattie; Karen Middleton; Jane Barnett; Kathleen Ballard; Frances Oxford

    2008-01-01

    目的 确定亚历山大技术课程、按摩疗法以及按照医生运动处方在护士指导下进行体育锻炼对慢性或复发性腰背痛治疗的效果.设计 析因随机试验.地点英格兰的64个全科医疗机构.参试者 579例慢性复发性腰背痛患者;144例随机接受常规治疗,147例接受按摩治疗,144例接受6节亚历山大技术课程,144例接受24节亚历山大技术课程;每组均有半数患者随机给予运动处方.干预 常规治疗(对照)、6次按摩、6或24节亚历山大技术课程以及按照医生运动处方在护士指导下进行体育锻炼.主要结局指标 Roland Morris残疾评分(疼痛受损活动数)和疼痛天数.结果 体育锻炼和亚历山大技术课程,而非按摩,1年时依然有效(与对照组Roland Morris残疾评分8.1比较:按摩组为-0.58,95%可信区间-1.94~0.77;6节亚历山大技术课程-1.40,-2.77~-0.03;24节亚历山大技术课程-3.4,-4.76~-2.03;体育锻炼组-1.29.-2.25~-0.34).6节课程之后体育锻炼的疗效为单独24节亚历山大技术课的72%(Roland Moms残疾评分分别为-2.98和-4.14).课程后前4周腰背痛天数减少(与对照组中位数21天相比,24节课程-18天,6节课程-10天,按摩组-7天);而且生活质量显著改善.没有明显的损害报告.结论 由注册教师提供的一对一亚历山大技术课程可使慢性腰背痛患者长期受益.6节亚历山大技术课程后辅以体育锻炼处方的效果接近24节亚历山大技术课程.%Objective To determine the effectiveness of lessons in the Alexander technique, massage therapy, and advice from a doctor to take exercise(exercise prescription) along with nurse delivered behavioural counselling for patients with chronic or recurrent back pain.Design Factorial randomised trial. Setting 64 general practices in England. Participants 579 patients with chronic or recurrent low back pain; 144 were randomised to normal care, 147 to massage, 144 to six Alexander technique

  17. Alexander Stubb: koostööleping Venemaaga peab tulema / Alexander Stubb ; interv. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Soome välisminister usub, et parim viis Venemaa kaasamiseks Euroopas on Venemaa tihedam integreerimine Euroopaga, seega on koostööleping kohustuslik. Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme puhul on Soome jaoks küsimus keskkonnas

  18. Alexander Stubb: koostööleping Venemaaga peab tulema / Alexander Stubb ; interv. Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Soome välisminister usub, et parim viis Venemaa kaasamiseks Euroopas on Venemaa tihedam integreerimine Euroopaga, seega on koostööleping kohustuslik. Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme puhul on Soome jaoks küsimus keskkonnas

  19. 亚历山大托槽与传统托槽矫治器矫治初期对牙周健康影响的比较研究%Comparison of perioldontal condition between conventional and Alexander brackets during the early alignment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王碧娟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the periodontal indices and the proportion of Porphyromonas gingivalis(P.gingivalis)between conventional pre-adjusted brackets and Alexander brackets during the early alignment. Methods Forty patients(10 to 18 years old)were divided into 2 groups(group A:20 patients with Alexander brackets and group B:20 patients with conventional pre- adjusted brackets).Periodontal indices (GI,PLI,SBI and PD)and the proportion of P.gingivalis in the total bacteria in subgingival plagues were examined in both groups,using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. Results No significant difference was found in the indices recorded and the proportion of P.gingivalis between Groups A and B after 3 months of treatment. Conclusion Alexander brackets P.gingivalis did not have an advantage over conventional bracket with respect to the periodontal status during the early alignment.%目的:对比亚历山大托槽与传统托槽矫治器排齐阶段牙周指数及龈下菌斑中牙龈卟啉单胞菌(P. gingivalis)的发展变化。方法:选取10~18周岁接受正畸治疗的患者40例,按矫治器类型分两组。实验组20例,采用ORMCO公司生产的ALEXANDER托槽;对照组20例,采用杭州新亚生产的直丝托槽。由同一医生分别检测40例患者在矫治器戴入前,戴入后3个月检查牙周临床指标(包括牙龈指数、菌斑指数、龈沟出血指数、探诊深度),同时采集龈下菌斑样本,利用荧光实时定量聚合酶链反应检测样本P.gingivalis和总细菌的数量,计算P.gingivalis在总细菌的构成比。分析牙周临床指标和P.gingivalis的构成比在矫治前后的变化情况。结果:治疗3个月后两组间牙周指数(GI、PLI、SBI、PD)及P.gingivalis在总细菌的构成比差异无显著性。结论:ALEXANDER托槽不会更有利于牙周组织的健康,牙周的健康状况取决于口腔卫生状况。

  20. ALEXANDER DUGIN AND MOSCOW’S NEW RIGHT RADICAL INTELLECTUAL CIRCLES AT THE START OF PUTIN’S THIRD PRESIDENTIAL TERM 2012-2013: THE ANTI-ORANGE COMMITTEE, THE IZBORSK CLUB AND THE FLORIAN GEYER CLUB IN THEIR POLITICAL CONTEXT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas UMLAND

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The relatively large attention that Alexander Dugin and his “neo-Eurasian” followers have received in international post-Sovietology and Russian right-wing extremism studies, over the last two decades, is unusual, but justified. Dugin represents for both, analytical and political reasons, a more interesting case than his various ultra-nationalist competitors on the book market, in mass media, and within the public discourse of post-Soviet Russia. Not only has he distinguished himself by his bold incorporation of West European inter- and post-war right-wing extremist ideas – including classical German Nazism – into his post-Soviet Russian fascist ideology. By today, he is one of the few still active veterans of the Soviet Union’s occult underground, entering the Iuzhinskii circle in the early 1980s (Menzel 2013, 195-228, Laruelle 2015b, 563-580. Later on, Dugin was, for a short period in 1988, a member of late Soviet Russia’s first openly ultra-nationalist grouping, the infamous so-called Pamiat’ (Memory Society. Already in the early nineties, Dugin became a prolific post-Soviet publicist whose first articles, in particular his columns for Russia’s leading ultra-nationalist weekly Den’/Zavtra (The Day/Tomorrow, helped to shape the overall world-view of the then emerging new Russian extreme right. This paper will, first, outline the overall background, determinants, and context of the type of non-party activities that, among others, Dugin is engaged in. The argument focuses on both Dugin’s specific strategy, on the side, and the general meaning of right-wing extremist activism outside the electoral realm, i.e. within so-called “uncivil society,” on the other. The paper, secondly, illustrates these general observations by way of continuing Marlene Laruelle’s (2009 and others’ (including my own, Umland 2007 research on post-Soviet Russian right-wing extremist clubs and think-tanks. The focus here will be on three new such

  1. Postglacial vegetation history of Mitkof Island, Alexander Archipelago, southeastern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ager, Thomas A.; Carrara, Paul E.; Smith, Jane L.; Anne, Victoria; Johnson, Joni

    2010-03-01

    An AMS radiocarbon-dated pollen record from a peat deposit on Mitkof Island, southeastern Alaska provides a vegetation history spanning ˜12,900 cal yr BP to the present. Late Wisconsin glaciers covered the entire island; deglaciation occurred > 15,400 cal yr BP. The earliest known vegetation to develop on the island (˜12,900 cal yr BP) was pine woodland ( Pinus contorta) with alder ( Alnus), sedges (Cyperaceae) and ferns (Polypodiaceae type). By ˜12,240 cal yr BP, Sitka spruce ( Picea sitchensis) began to colonize the island while pine woodland declined. By ˜11,200 cal yr BP, mountain hemlock ( Tsuga mertensiana) began to spread across the island. Sitka spruce-mountain hemlock forests dominated the lowland landscapes of the island until ˜10,180 cal yr BP, when western hemlock ( Tsuga heterophylla) began to colonize, and soon became the dominant tree species. Rising percentages of pine, sedge, and sphagnum after ˜7100 cal yr BP may reflect an expansion of peat bog habitats as regional climate began to shift to cooler, wetter conditions. A decline in alders at that time suggests that coastal forests had spread into the island's uplands, replacing large areas of alder thickets. Cedars ( Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Thuja plicata) appeared on Mitkof Island during the late Holocene.

  2. Spectra and dynamics of small molecules Alexander von Humboldt lectures

    CERN Document Server

    Field, Robert W

    2015-01-01

    These seven lectures are intended to serve as an introduction for beginning graduate students to the spectra of small molecules. The author succeeds in illustrating the concepts by using language and metaphors that capture and elegantly convey simple insights into dynamics that lie beyond archival molecular constants. The lectures can simultaneously be viewed as a collection of interlocking special topics that have fascinated the author and his students over the years. Though neither a textbook nor a scholarly monograph, the book provides an illuminating perspective that will benefit students and researchers alike.

  3. Postglacial vegetation history of Mitkof Island, Alexander Archipelago, southeastern Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ager, T.A.; Carrara, P.E.; Smith, Jody L.; Anne, V.; Johnson, J.

    2010-01-01

    An AMS radiocarbon-dated pollen record from a peat deposit on Mitkof Island, southeastern Alaska provides a vegetation history spanning ???12,900??cal yr BP to the present. Late Wisconsin glaciers covered the entire island; deglaciation occurred > 15,400??cal yr BP. The earliest known vegetation to develop on the island (???12,900??cal yr BP) was pine woodland (Pinus contorta) with alder (Alnus), sedges (Cyperaceae) and ferns (Polypodiaceae type). By ???12,240??cal yr BP, Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) began to colonize the island while pine woodland declined. By ???11,200??cal yr BP, mountain hemlock (Tsuga mertensiana) began to spread across the island. Sitka spruce-mountain hemlock forests dominated the lowland landscapes of the island until ???10,180??cal yr BP, when western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) began to colonize, and soon became the dominant tree species. Rising percentages of pine, sedge, and sphagnum after ???7100??cal yr BP may reflect an expansion of peat bog habitats as regional climate began to shift to cooler, wetter conditions. A decline in alders at that time suggests that coastal forests had spread into the island's uplands, replacing large areas of alder thickets. Cedars (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis, Thuja plicata) appeared on Mitkof Island during the late Holocene.

  4. MATERIALISM AS SEEN IN THE BLACK TULIP BY ALEXANDER DUMAS

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Meta Kurnia

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to observe the Materialism among the main characters in Alexandre Dumas’ novel, The Black Tulip. In the research process, the writer finds the data by reading books which related to the topic as well as the through the internet.This study basically adopts “Dynamic Structuralism” which includes three elements; the reader, the work, and the reality. The method of research is conducted through library research, with The Black Tulip as the primary data, and the references that sup...

  5. Alexander von Humboldt and British artists: the Oriental taste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garrido, Elisa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Humboldtian landscape is the best result of a close relationship between artists and scientists in the context of the Enlightenment. Many artists inspired Humboldt to develop his concept of landscape as the best way of representing Nature, but some British artists in particular were a strong reference for him. Thomas Daniell and William Hodges had travelled to Asia creating a particular imagery, which inspired the desire to travel and the feeling of the exotic taste in Humboldt. Around Humboldt, mainly two types of artists have been studied: on the one hand, painter travellers who received direct instructions from Humboldt after his experience in America, and on the other, artists who started their trips by themselves after reading his works. However, this paper is focused on the links between Humboldt and these British painters of the Orient, whom he met on a European tour with Georg Forster, before making his trip to America.El paisaje teorizado por Humboldt es el resultado de una estrecha relación entre artistas y científicos, en el contexto de la Ilustración. Muchos artistas inspiraron a Humboldt a desarrollar su concepto del paisaje como la mejor forma de representar la naturaleza pero particularmente, algunos artistas británicos supusieron una fuerte referencia para él. Principalmente, alrededor de Humboldt se han estudiado dos tipos de artistas: por una parte, los pintores viajeros que recibieron instrucciones directas de Humboldt tras su experiencia en América y por otra, los artistas que iniciaron sus viajes por iniciativa propia tras haber leído los sus trabajos. Sin embargo, este texto se centra en las relaciones entre Humboldt y los pintores británicos de Oriente, a quienes él conoció en su viaje europeo junto a Georg Forster, antes de realizar su viaje americano.

  6. A Measurement of "g" Using Alexander's Diving Bell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quiroga, M.; Martinez, S.; Otranto, S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a very simple exercise using an inverted test tube pushed straight down into a column of water to determine the free-fall acceleration "g". The exercise employs the ideal gas law and only involves the measurement of the displacement of the bottom of the "diving bell" and the water level inside the tube with respect to the…

  7. [Alexander Pushkin's duel--biographic and medical aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangen, J M

    2000-04-10

    The great Russian poet Aleksandr Pushkin (1799-1837) died 46 hours after being wounded by a pistol shot in a duel. The bullet penetrated the right pelvic bone, continued through the lower abdomen, and crushed the right part of the sacral bone. Biographical events leading to the duel are presented in the article, which also reviews articles in Russian medical journals describing the extent of the trauma and discussing the treatment possibilities at the time of the duel as well as present-day treatment. It is concluded that death was caused by peritonitis and that only modern extensive abdominal and orthopaedic surgery combined with antibiotic treatment could have saved the poet's life.

  8. Bioanalysis young investigator: Alexander Medina-Remón.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina-Remón, Alexander; Raventós, Rosa Maria Lamuela

    2011-07-01

    Supervisor's supporting comments Alex Medina joined my research group, Natural Antioxidants, in January 2006 to start his PhD program. He has been working intensively and efficiently on several projects; initially for his thesis he developed a new bioanalytical methodology to quantify phenols in urine (Medina-Remón A et al. 2009) to correlate with the hypertension prevention in the PREDIMED study ( www.predimed.org ). Thanks to this new bioanalytical method, we are currently starting collaboration projects with different research centers. In addition, he has been working on other research projects on tomatoes, grapes, citric fruits and wine. Medina is helpful whenever needed and efficient. He has shown himself to be responsible, well-prepared, intelligent, organized and to have very good teaching skills. Moreover, he is patient and able to solve problems calmly, but at the same time, he is enthusiastic about what he does and can transmit this enthusiasm to his colleagues. He is really a thoughtful scientist. I have now contracted him as a Postdoctoral researcher. His responsibilities include leading several master's students and he is writing several papers on the health effects of polyphenols using his method.

  9. Menschewiken in Stockholm vor und nach 1917 / Alexander Kan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kan, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Rootsi sisserännanud menševikest ja bolševikest, nende koostööst rootsi sotsiaaldemokraatidega, vene revolutsionääride tagasipöördumisest Venemaale Veebruarirevolutsiooni järel, repatrieerujaid toetanud Abikomitee tegevusest

  10. The polonium-210 poisoning of Mr Alexander Litvinenko.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, John; Fell, Tim; Leggett, Rich; Lloyd, David; Puncher, Matthew; Youngman, Mike

    2017-03-20

    Mr Litvinenko died on 23 November 2006 after having been poisoned with polonium-210 on 1 November. Measurements of the polonium-210 content of post-mortem tissue samples and samples of urine and blood showed the presence of large amounts of (210)Po. Autoradiography of hair samples showed two regions of (210)Po activity, providing evidence of an earlier poisoning attempt during October 2006, resulting in absorption to blood of about one-hundredth of that estimated for 1 November. Intake by ingestion on 1 November was estimated to be around 4 GBq, assuming 10% absorption to blood, and the resulting organ doses reached estimated values that were generally in a range from about 20 Gy to over 100 Gy. Comparison with estimates of protracted alpha particle doses required to cause irreversible organ damage supported the conclusion that death was the inevitable consequence of multiple organ failure, with destruction of the haemopoietic bone marrow, as well as damage to kidneys and liver, being important contributors. If the earlier poisoning during October 2006 had not been followed by a second major intake on 1 November, it is possible that the earlier intake of around 40 MBq, with absorption of 4 MBq to blood, might have caused irreversible kidney damage over a prolonged period of months or years, with doses of approaching 3 Gy.

  11. Päästke Läänemeri! / Alexander Stubb

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi Euroopa Rahvapartei ja Euroopa Demokraatide (ERP-ED) fraktsiooni Soome delegatsiooni liige põhjendab keskkonnale, majandusele ja transpordile keskenduva Läänemere strateegia vajalikkust

  12. John Alexander Sinton, MD FRS VC (1884-1956).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, G C

    2016-05-01

    Brigadier John Sinton is the only individual in history to have been both awarded the Victoria Cross and also elected to the Royal Society. He qualified at Belfast and afterwards joined the Indian Medical Service (IMS). Serving before and during the Great War (1914-18), he was first posted to the North-West Frontier province, and afterwards as a captain in the Indian Expeditionary force in Mesopotamia (now Iraq). It was there in 1916 that, shot in both arms during an engagement and under heavy gunfire, he remained steadfastly at his post; for this bravery he received the Victoria Cross. Following the war he carried out major researches into malaria in India, and became Director of the Malaria Survey of India Both there and shortly afterwards, Sinton published about 200 papers on various aspects of malaria and leishmaniasis. In England, he later worked at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the Ministry of Health's laboratory at Horton, Epsom. In 1946, he was elected to the Royal Society for his researches into malaria and kala-azar, and following retirement he underwent another distinguished career in Northern Ireland.

  13. Menschewiken in Stockholm vor und nach 1917 / Alexander Kan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kan, Alexander

    2005-01-01

    Rootsi sisserännanud menševikest ja bolševikest, nende koostööst rootsi sotsiaaldemokraatidega, vene revolutsionääride tagasipöördumisest Venemaale Veebruarirevolutsiooni järel, repatrieerujaid toetanud Abikomitee tegevusest

  14. Development of a multi-year climate prediction model | Alexander ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Development of a multi-year climate prediction model. ... The available water resources in Southern Africa are rapidly approaching the limits of economic exploitation. ... that could be attributed to climate change arising from human activities.

  15. The big ideas of Edgar Alexander Pask (1912-66).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conacher, I D

    2010-02-01

    Edgar Pask worked before, during and after World War II with the anaesthetist Robert Macintosh. Both were ranking officers and engaged in work with the Royal Air Force Physiological Laboratories at Farnborough, then in the charge of Dr Bryan Matthews. Pask submitted as a Doctorate Thesis a compilation of much of the experimental work in which he was the main subject, most of the data being acquired while he was unconscious. Experiments in which the Farnborough Team were engaged form a central core to the Thesis and relate to the development of life jackets. The information is well known and has been widely publicized, along with most of the biography of Pask. However, some extreme physiological experiments, again with Pask as the test subject and which probably were not conducted at Farnborough, are less well known but in their own way even more extraordinary. The theme in common is Pask's ideas to use the anaesthetized state and the properties of anaesthetic agents as surrogates to the extreme situations Royal Air Force pilots were subject to in modern warfare. There is no purpose to detract from Pask's ideas and selfless heroism by digressions into parallel processes conducted by the opposing Oberkommando der Luftwaffe (OKL) research establishments, but it is evident these were known and had shocked the Farnborough Team (including Pask) before revelation at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

  16. Päästke Läänemeri! / Alexander Stubb

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stubb, Alexander, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Parlamendi Euroopa Rahvapartei ja Euroopa Demokraatide (ERP-ED) fraktsiooni Soome delegatsiooni liige põhjendab keskkonnale, majandusele ja transpordile keskenduva Läänemere strateegia vajalikkust

  17. Alexander Rahr: algamas on uus külm sõda / Alexander Rahr ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    Saksamaa Vene-eksperdi hinnangul saab praegu Venemaal valitsevat ärritunud õhkkonda seletada alandustundega. Venelastel on jäänud mulje, et nad on Euroopast kõrvale tõrjutud. Venemaa-küsimuses on Euroopa lõhestunud. V. Putini presidendiaja suurimatest vigadest ja tema õigetest otsustest

  18. Alexander Rahr: algamas on uus külm sõda / Alexander Rahr ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rahr, Alexander

    2007-01-01

    Saksamaa Vene-eksperdi hinnangul saab praegu Venemaal valitsevat ärritunud õhkkonda seletada alandustundega. Venelastel on jäänud mulje, et nad on Euroopast kõrvale tõrjutud. Venemaa-küsimuses on Euroopa lõhestunud. V. Putini presidendiaja suurimatest vigadest ja tema õigetest otsustest

  19. Kes maksavad kinni Eesti poliitika? / Tarmo Vahter, Margus Järv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Autorite analüüsi kohaselt pole Urmas Sõõrumaa ega Oliver Kruuda pärast 2007. a. parteidele annetanud, Eesti poliitika heldeimaks rahastajaks on tõusnud kinnisvaraärimees Arti Arakas, poliitikud ise oma parteile suuri annetusi ei tee. Tabel: Sponsorite tipp-25

  20. Abiks algajale ärimehele : Kuidas lüpsta riiki? / Tarmo Vahter

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahter, Tarmo, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Soomes paljastatud asfaldikartell pakub Eesti ettevõtjatele õppetundi, arvab autor. Vaata samas intervjuu Soome konkurentsiameti uurija Kirsi Olaga. Lisa: Konkurents Eesti moodi: vähesed tahtsid Tallinnas ehitada