WorldWideScience

Sample records for alev prnoja imbi

  1. Kuidas toetate sel õppeaastal oma valla koolilapsi? / Külle Viks, Helen Metsma, Aivar Surva...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad: Türi vallavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Külle Viks, Sõmerpalu valla lastekaitse ja sotsiaaltoetuste spetsialist Helen Metsma, Mäetaguse vallavanem Aivar Surva, Rapla abivallavanem Imbi Kalberg, Kärdla linna haridusnõunik Juta Alev, Albu vallavalitsuse sotsiaalnõunik Claire Miljukova, Võru linnavalitsuse haridusspetsialist Kristi Aavakivi

  2. Alevîlik; Yapılar, Grupların Temel Özellikleri ve Bazı Mülahazalar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cenksu Üçer

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Alevism is discussed in terms of structures, epistemological assumptions, stove system, Sufi traditions and successions. Alevism is an umbrella concept and this umbrella includes communities continuing a social structure based on "generation-clan-tribe"system and a mystical approach according to this structure. Traditional Alevi groups seen as a source ofinformation inspiration and clairvoyance in terms of epistemological differences have different ocak, different Sufi traditions and different successions. These groups is structured on the shape the main lodge and lower lodge as depending on main ocak and lower ocak system. In this context, The Village Bektashi- City Bektashi; Alevi-Bektashi, Alevi/Bektashi, 'Every Alevi is Bektashi’ etc. usages should be reviewed again. f it is taken into account "Hakk, Muhammed, Ali/Divinity, Prophethood, Sainthood”, the four gates-forty levels, cem(dhikr, succession, dervish lodge, etc.the basic properties of these groups, Alevism needs to explain in mystical life patterns. So, the Alevism in history of Islamic thought should be assessed in the enlightenment tradition. In this context to compare Alevism and Sunnism is not correct. If between Alevism and Sunnism will be made a comparison, this comparison can be made between those who belong to sufi schoob from Alevb and Sunnb. Abo, it b unfavourable to use Alevi theology etc. Concepts

  3. Kuidas suhelda naaberriikide kolleegidega? / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Tehniliste lahenduste kasutamisest firmades suhtlemiseks oma harukontorite töötajate või välispartneritega. Vt. samas: Eero Kotli. Paralleelprojekteerimine "helesinises torus". Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste. Kultuuritaust mõjutab suhtlemist. Lisa: Skype ärikasutajale

  4. Propuesta de intervención. Programa de prevención lesional categorías alevín e infantil.

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Zalbidegoitia, Luis

    2016-01-01

    Propuesta de prevención lesional integral para categorias U14 (Alevín, Infantil, Cadete) en fútbol. Propuesta de intervención para edades de formación. Diferenciando los momentos críticos de desarrollo individualizados.

  5. Aspirin and Extended-Release Dipyridamole

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mobic), nabumetone (Relafen), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), oxaprozin (Daypro), piroxicam (Feldene), rofecoxib (Vioxx) (no longer available in the ... Mobic), nabumetone (Relafen), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), oxaprozin (Daypro), piroxicam (Feldene), sulindac (Clinoril), and tolmetin (Tolectin); phenytoin (Dilantin); ...

  6. Alevi Yapısallaşması, Talepler ve Din Kültürü ve Ahlak Bilgisi Ders Kitaplarında Alevilik-Bektaşilik Alewi Scructuralism, Demands and Alevism-Bektashism on the Books of Religion Culture and Knowledge of Ethic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyup ŞİMŞEK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Alawism-Bektashism, which draws attention sociologically,culturally, intellectually and mystically, has been at the agenda of thesociety more frequently since 1990s. This process, leading Alawism tobe discovered as a new religious identity, has also caused somedemands from the government for the enhancement of this identity.One of these demands is related to the books of “Religious Culture andKnowledge of Ethic”. However, despite the agreement of Alawi-Bektashigroups and leaders for this demand in terms of structuralism, it hasbeen claimed that these groups have different approaches on how toreflect this demand to RCKE textbooks and the future of RCKE course.On the other hand, it has been expressed that these demands, whichare more apparent because of the Alawism workshops, have been takeninto account and then placed on the books in recent years by theMinistry of National Education (MNE. In this context, it is important todetermine how Alawism-Bektashism is reflected to the course books ofRCKE. This determination constitutes the aim of this research. In thisregard, the contents of RCKE course books of primary and secondaryschools in Turkey have been examined with regard to Alawism-Bektashism, and a descriptive method approach has been used indetermining the levels of these subjects.The course books, published in 2012 by the MNE and distributedto primary and secondary schools in 2012-2013 academic year,constitute the scope of this research. As a result, all the RCKEtextbooks of 4th to 12th grade levels investigated included subjects orpersons related to Alevism-Bektashism. According to the RCKEtextbooks, especially in the 7th grade level RCKE textbook, there aresome terms such as “Alawism-Bektashism”, “cem”, “cemevi”,“musahiplik”, “prayer and gülbenks”, “fasting hızır” in “Comments onIslamic Thought” unit. Moreover, it was determined that “MysticalComments on Islamic Thought” unit included additional terms

  7. Adaptando el baloncesto al niño de 12-13 años: análisis observacional del lanzamiento de tiro libre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Garzón Echevarría

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En la competición organizada por la Federación Riojana de Baloncesto, el jugador pasa de practicar en la categoría alevín la modalidad de minibasket, a jugar en la categoría infantil un baloncesto adulto –con el mismo balón, terreno de juego y altura de la canasta que lo hacen actualmente en la ACB–. Con este trabajo se pretende, a partir del estudio del tiro libre de los integrantes de la selección riojana masculina de minibasket alevín, adaptar el baloncesto a las características propias del niño de 12-13 años, en contra de la tendencia hegemónica actual de adaptar el niño al baloncesto de los adultos. La investigación sigue una metodología cuasi-experimental y observacional, que en este caso son complementarias, si bien la metodología observacional predomina, lo que justifica el diseño observacional realizado; a través del cual se ha analizado la ejecución técnica del tiro libre en la modalidad alevín, en la infantil y en las cinco situaciones que resultan de combinar: canasta infantil (3,05 metros y balón alevín (n.º 5, canasta infantil (3,05 m y balón intermedio (n.º 6, canasta intermedia (2,80 m y balón alevín (n.º 5, canasta intermedia (2,80 m y balón intermedio (n.º 6, y canasta intermedia (2,80 m y balón infantil (n.º 7. En este sentido, para satisfacer los objetivos del estudio, se han realizado dos tipos de análisis: uno estadístico descriptivo e inferencial –mediante el programa SPSS, versión 15.0–, y otro en busca de patrones temporales –mediante el programa Theme, versión 5.0–. El trabajo de investigación concluye que todos los participantes mantienen una ejecución técnica del tiro libre alevín estable. Además, de las modalidades sometidas a estudio, la ejecución correspondiente a los tiros libre alevines es la que más se acerca al gesto técnico ideal, mientras que la situación infantil es aquella cuya ejecución de los tiros libres se aleja más del modelo técnico correcto

  8. Living with endometriosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelvic pain - living with endometriosis; Endometrial implant - living with endometriosis; Endometrioma - living with endometriosis ... counter pain relievers can reduce the pain of endometriosis. These include: Ibuprofen (Advil) Naproxen (Aleve) Acetaminophen (Tylenol) ...

  9. Endometriosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ibuprofen (Advil), naproxen (Aleve), and acetaminophen (Tylenol). Prescription painkillers, if needed, for more severe pain. Regular exams ... or injections -- This treatment helps shrink growths. Side effects may include weight gain and depression. Gonadotropin-agonist ...

  10. Antarctic Glacial Isostatic Adjustment and Ice Sheet Mass Balance using GRACE: A Report from the Ice-sheet Mass Balance Exercise (IMBIE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivins, E. R.; Wahr, J. M.; Schrama, E. J.; Milne, G. A.; Barletta, V.; Horwath, M.; Whitehouse, P.

    2012-12-01

    M) as high as -160 Gt/yr. IMBIE used an average of new models IJ05_R2 and W12a for new corrections. This new class of models is constrained by a variety of Antarctic data sets (e.g. proxy reconstructions of past ice extent, GPS estimates of vertical land motion) and provides a correction that is approximately one half to one third of that obtained from the far-field based models. As a consequence, this newer class of models gives Antarctic ice mass balance of approximately -81 ± 33 Gt/yr, or 0.225 ± 0.092 mm/yr contribution to sea-level rise. The new class of GIA models for Antarctica enhances the value of all GRACE Follow-On mission data.Mass Balance of AIS δM (Gt/yr);

  11. Leibkonna elukoht ja suurus = Household location and size / Mari Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Mari

    2006-01-01

    2005. aastal elas Eestis hinnanguliselt 566 847 leibkonda, neist 70% elas linnas (linn ja alev) ja 30% maal (alevik ja küla). Ligi kolmandik leibkondadest (32%) olid üheliikmelised, 30% kaheliikmelised, 18% kolmeliikmelised ja 13% neljaliikmelised. Diagrammid. Tabel

  12. Rae planeering: Rae talu / Eerika Alev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alev, Eerika

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise IV kursuse üliõpilaste 2011- 2012 õppeaastal loodud Rae küla planeeringus on aktivaatori roll talul, mis pakub tööd ja elukohta nii peredele kui hooaja töölistele.

  13. Melbourne Eesti Ühing Kodu aasta peakoosolek / Sirje Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgi, Sirje

    2007-01-01

    18. märtsil, ühingus on 209 liiget ja viis auliiget. Esitati aruanded, valiti uus 9 liikmeline juhatus: Bruno Metsar, Glory Toom, Milvi Vaikma, Sirje Jõgi, Rolf Luik, Imbi Knappstein, Rein Valling, Diana Ritchie ja Siiri Taveter

  14. Post mortem : Katõn ja meie enda tõrjutud mälestused / Rauno Thomas Moss

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moss, Rauno Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Poola filmilavastaja Andrzej Wajda mängufilmist "Katõn" (Poola, 2007) ja Imbi Paju dokumentaalfilmist "Tõrjutud mälestused" (Eesti - Soome, 2005). Artikli lõpus mõlema filmi režissööridest ja A. Wajda filmograafia

  15. "Tõrjutud mälestused" on pannud soomlased Eesti ajaloost rääkima / Kätlin Jensen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jensen, Kätlin

    2006-01-01

    8. jaan. näidati Helsingi kinos BioRex dokumentaalfilmipäevade raames Imbi Paju filmi "Tõrjutud mälestused", millele järgnes paneelarutelu "Miks me ei või tulevikku kujundades minevikust mööda vaadata"

  16. Ballaad peninukkidelle / Henrik Visnapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Visnapuu, Henrik, 1890-1951

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: Ballaad peninukkidelle ; Magdaleena ; Vanaema surm ; Kerjuslaps ; Laul lumest ; Sulase poja sünd ; Vilbus ; Kellalööja Andres ; Inimlihunik Juozas ; Ingrid ; Toolse rüütel ; Vanapagana kõrts ; Tuule-ema ; Meretuli ; Allikamägi ; Vanamuise laul ; Inari imbi

  17. Õpetatud Eesti Selts 1988-1991 : [Ülevaade koosolekutest] / Tiit Rosenberg, Maris Pruuli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    1995-01-01

    Lisa: Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi taasasutamise ürik : [26 apr. 1988]. Allakirjutanute hulgas Paul Ariste, Eduard Laugaste, Leo Metsar, Aino Põldmäe, Harald Peep, Juhan Peegel, Imbi Pelkonen, Heno Sarv, Arne Merilai, Margus Kasterpalu, Heli Laanekask, Eva Aaver, Paul Hagu, Hando Runnel

  18. Palga tõusuks jääb raha puudu / Airi Amtmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Amtmann, Airi

    2008-01-01

    Paljud Raplamaa omavalitsused on probleemi ees, kuidas kindlustada pedagoogidele 22%-list palgatõusu. Arvamust avaldavad Vigala vallavanem Priit Kärsna, Käru vallavanem Elari Hiis, Rapla abivallavanem Imbi Kalberg, Kohila vallavanem Hillar Kalmet, Juuru vallavalitsuse haridus- ja kultuurispetsialist Aili Normak ja haridusministeeriumi nõunik Riho Raave

  19. Agenda 21 haridusprogramm / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2000-01-01

    1992. a Rio de Janeiros toimunud ÜRO keskkonna- ja arengukonverentsil võeti vastu "Agenda 21", määrab kindlaks riikide säästva arengu alased põhisuunad käesoleval sajandil. 1997. a. Rio jätkukonverentsil tegi ÜRO Säästva Arengu Komisjon valitsustele ettekirjutuse - viia ellu "Agenda 21" põhimõtted. ÜRO Säästva Arengu Komisjoni eestvõtmisel võeti 1998. a. vastu ka "Agenda 21" 36. peatüki "Haridus, koolitus ja avalikkuse teadlikkus" laiendatud versioon, mille eesmärk on edendada riikidevahelist koostööd ja säästva arengu alast teadlikkust

  20. Täna selgub Virumaa kirjandusauhinna laureaat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Virumaa kirjandusauhinnale kandideerivad järgmised raamatud: Mihkelson, Ene. Katkuhaud ; Kivirähk, Andrus. Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Seesama jõgi ; Nõlvak, Valentine. Ellujääja ; Paju, Imbi. Tõrjutud mälestused ; Aaslav-Tepandi, Katri. Eesti näitlejanna Erna Villmer ; Ilon Wiklandi maailm ; Betti Alver: Usutlused. Kirjad. Päevikukatked. Mälestused: lisandusi tundmiseks

  1. Virumaa kirjandusauhinnale kandideerib 8 teost

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Virumaa kirjandusauhinnale kandideerivad järgmised raamatud: Mihkelson, Ene. Katkuhaud ; Kivirähk, Andrus. Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Seesama jõgi ; Nõlvak, Valentine. Ellujääja ; Paju, Imbi. Tõrjutud mälestused ; Aaslav-Tepandi, Katri. Eesti näitlejanna Erna Villmer ; Ilon Wiklandi maailm ; Betti Alver: Usutlused. Kirjad. Päevikukatked. Mälestused: lisandusi tundmiseks

  2. Kolm tähtsat raamatut Eesti lähiajaloo mõistmiseks / Mai Beijer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beijer, Mai

    2007-01-01

    rets. rmt.: Laar, Mart. September 1944 : Otto Tiefi valitsus. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007. Paju, Imbi. Förträngda minnen/ soome keelest tõlkinud Heidi Granqvist. Stockholm : Atlantis, 2007; eesti keeles: Tõrjutud mälestud, 2007. Kross, Jaan. På stället flyg/eesti keelest tõlkinud Enel Mellberg. Stockholm : Natur & Kultur, 2007; originaali pealkiri: Paigallend, 1998

  3. Kolm näitust, neli kunstnikku, sada õit / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Imbi Ploompuu keraamika ja graafika näitus Eesti Tarbekunsti- ja Disainimuuseumis 4. sept.-ni. Kätrin Beljajevi ja Pilleriin Jürisoo ehtenäitus "Herbaarium" Tallinnas Iida galeriis 31. aug.-ni. Maiu Moosese ehtenäitus "Tänu" Tallinnas Hop-galeriis 19. juulini 2011. Linnainstallatsioonide festivali tööst "Audiotuur", autor arhitekt Kadri Klementi

  4. Torontos peeti eesti dokfilmifestivali "Estdoc's" / Olev Remsu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remsu, Olev, 1947-

    2006-01-01

    Toronto eesti dokumentaalfilmide festival "Estdoc's". Demonstreeriti filme: "Sinimäed" (Raimo Jõerand), "Tiim" (Peep Puks), "Mikk" (Rein Raamat, Peeter Brambat), "6 tundi" (Rein Kotov), "Erna retk" (Vaado Sarapuu), "Tõrjutud mälestused" (Imbi Paju), "Middendorfi jälgedes" (Riho Västrik), "Mehed unustatud armeest" (Indrek Treufeldt), "Nagu noor jumal" ja "Orjus Eestis" (mõlema autor Olev Remsu)

  5. Behavioral Health Needs Assessment Survey (BHNAS): Overview of Survey Items and Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-12

    medication use • Personal and unit morale • Unit cohesion • Attitudes toward leadership • Positive effects of deployment • Navy support during deployment...to select any of the following: • Over-the-counter drugs (including Aspirin, Tylenol, Motrin, Ibuprofen, Aleve) • Prescription painkillers that...are not opioids (including Celebrex, Vioxx, Bextra, topical lidocaine) • Prescription opioid/narcotic painkiller (including OxyContin, Percocet

  6. Eesti täispikad dokumentaalfilmid 2005. aastal / Marianne Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Marianne, 1980-

    2006-01-01

    Portreefilmid : Priit Pärnast "Pärnograafia" (Hardi Volmer), Ivar Heinmaast "Kutse" (Peep Puks), Veljo Tormisest "Tormise regi" (Sulev Keedus), Rein Tammikust "Teekond ruudulisel laudlinal" (Peeter Urbla), "Afanassi" (Liina Trishkina) ; probleemfilmid : "Parema elu nimel" (Märt Sildvee), "Piisa torn" (Arko Okk) ; sõjateemalised dokumentaalid : "Afganistani armid" (Ivar Heinmaa), "Hauka grupp" (Rene Vilbre), "Tõrjutud mälestused" (Imbi Paju) ; loodusfilm "Eesti kotkad" (Rein Maran)

  7. EVALUACIÓN CINEANTROPOMÉTRICA Y CONDICIONAL EN LA ENSEÑANZAENTRENAMIENTO DEL FUTBOLISTA EN DIFERENTES CATEGORÍAS DE EDAD.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Pablos

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Se ha combinado la evaluación cineantropométrica y la evaluación de capacidades condicionales con el objetivo de establecer un perfil de las características de los futbolistas en diferentes edades (benjamín, alevín, infantil, cadete, juvenil y absoluto, así como las relaciones entre las distintas variables. Se ha constatado la variabilidad intragrupo que se da fundamentalmente en las categorías alevín, infantil y cadete, así como los cambios que se dan en las relaciones entre las diferentes variables según la maduración psicomotriz que se considere. En base a los resultados obtenidos se recomienda que los formadores y entrenadores presten especial atención a la gran variabilidad interindividual que existe entre los deportistas con el fin de adaptar los contenidos de sus planes de enseñanzaentrenamiento en base al respeto de las diferencias en el grado de desarrollo evolutivo que existen entre futbolistas de similar o igual edad.

    Palabras clave: Fútbol, enseñanza-entrenamiento, antropometría, fuerza, flexibilidad

  8. ALEVİLİK-BEKTAŞİLİKTE DÂR [ABODE OF ALEVISIM-BEKTASHISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DÖNMEZ

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available There are a number of methods in the Alevism-Bektashism belief, which is a sufistic interpretation of Islam. However, the most basic worship of Alevism-Bektashism is certainly “cemler”. “Cemlerˮ are regarded as a whole of the worship practices in which the decisions taken against the crimes committed by the candidates are applied as a social court and the candidatespass through the spiritual education in many ways and progress in their moral maturity. In the middle of the place where Cemler are made, there is a square where questions or graces are performed by coming in front of the sheikh. This square is called as “dâr square”. In front of the Hak-Muhammad-Ali post (in the presence of the sheikh, the questions and graces are made at this square and it is asked from “the dâr holding” spirits to account for their behaviors at the dâr square. It is for this reason that the Alevist-Bektashis are not considered to have fully experienced their beliefs without going through questioning-grace and dâr holding at the dâr square. In this study, we will first look through the window of the Alevi-Bektashi mysticism to try to explain the meanings of the concept of “dâr”. In the second part of the article, we will evaluate the dâr varieties and the meanings they carry in the Alevism-Bektashism belief as well as the basic concepts of the article like “dâr holding or dâr withdraw”. In the last part of the article, we will try to present brief information about the method of the deduction from the dâr, which is performed by the Alevi-Bektashi people after the spirits who “walk to the Hak”.

  9. Säästva arengu haridusest Eestis / Anne Kivinukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivinukk, Anne

    2001-01-01

    Läänemere Agenda 21 haridussektori strateegiat ja tegevuskava ette valmistades koostati ülevaade säästvat arengut toetava hariduse olukorrast ja vajadustest, mida esitlesid 13. sept.̀2001 üldhariduse ja täiskasvanute hariduse töörühma liikmed Imbi Henno (Riiklik Eksami- ja Kvalifikatsioonikeskus) ja Kaja Peterson (Säästva Eesti Instituut). Järgnes arutelu, millest on artiklis esitatud kokkuvõte

  10. Säästev areng / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2001-01-01

    Läänemere Agenda 21 raames on ette nähtud tegevused hariduse valdkonnas, mille eesmärk on tagada Läänemere piirkonna säästev areng. Eesti koolijuhtide ja õpetajate seas viidi läbi küsitlus, et selgitada välja, kuidas on koolielus rakendunud säästva arengu põhimõtted. Sarnased küsitlused viidi läbi kõigis Läänemere-äärsetes riikides

  11. Soome otsib loovutatud juute / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2004-01-01

    Soomes ilmunud Elina Sana raamatust "Loovutatud", milles kirjutatakse, kuidas Soome võimud loovutasid inimesi Saksa gestaapole. Max Jakobsoni kommentaarist raamatu kohta. Vastuseks vt. Elina Sana art. 23. jaan. Eesti Päevalehes lk. 8

  12. THE HANDBOOK OF BLENDED LEARNING:Global Perspectives, Local Designs

    OpenAIRE

    Reviewed by Alev ATES

    2009-01-01

    THE HANDBOOK OF BLENDED LEARNING:Global Perspectives, Local Designs Curtis J. Bonk (ed.) and Charles R. Graham (ed.), Jay Cross (Foreword),Micheal G. Moore Foreword) ISBN: 978-0-7879-7758-0 Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Pfeiffer Pages: 624 March 2006.Reviewed by Alev ATESPhD Student at Curriculum and Instruction,Lecturer at Computer Education and Instructional Technologies,Faculty of Education, Ege University, Izmir, TURKEYBlended learning or blended e-learning sounds like aconfusing ter...

  13. The Grand Strategy of the Soviet Union

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-25

    of diverse echnic the highest origin could rise to AleveLs of power in all branches of the state. Plainly that is not the case in today’s Soviet...and psychological reasons, the new primacy given to external aggrandizement intensifies ethnic tensions inside Soviet society. The failure to fulfill...or perhaps because our own means are simply too small, we come to terms psychologically with its increasing power by persuading ourselves that it

  14. Telemann. Musique de table - Quartet in E minor / Anderson, Nicholas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anderson, Nicholas

    1995-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Telemann. Musique de table - Quartet in E minor. Paris Quartets. "Nouveaux quatuors en six suites" - Nr. 1 in D, TWV43: D3, Nr. 2 in A minor, TWV43: a2. Six Concerts et Six Suites - Concert Nr. 3 in A, TWV42: A3. Hortus Musicus (Neeme Punder (fl.), Imbi Tarum (hpd.), Peeter Klaas (va da gamba), Tarmo Toom (vc) / Andres Mustonen (vn). Finlandia CD 4509-95578-2 (52 minutes)

  15. Short Outlines of Books by Estonian authors / Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustus: Miljutina, Tamara. Inimesed minu elus. Tallinn : Varrak, 2007 ; Soosaar, Enn. Isa ja aeg. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 5) ; Paju, Imbi. Tõrjutud mälestused. Tallinn : Eesti Entsüklopeediakirjastus, 2007 ; Kaplinski, Jaan. Seesama jõgi. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2007 ; Laanem, Tiina. Väikesed vanamehed. Tallinn : Eesti Päevalehe Kirjastus, 2007 ; Vaarandi, Debora. Aastad ja päevad. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2006 ; Berg, Maimu. Unustatud inimesed. Tallinn : Tuum, 2007 ; Heinsaar, Mehis. Rändaja õnn. Tallinn : Verb, 2007

  16. Eesti Kirjandusmuuseumi ja Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu postkaardikomplektidest / Vilve Asmer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Asmer, Vilve

    2003-01-01

    Rets.: Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum = Estonian Literary Museum : [10 postkaarti haruldastest trükistest / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ; koost. Imbi Pelkonen, Heino Räim]. Tartu, 1999.Tartu. Linn ja linnarahvas : 16 fotot klaasplaatnegatiividelt = Tartu. City and citizen : 16 photos from glass plate negatives. I, 1902-1940 / Eesti Kirjandusmuuseum ; [koost. Vilve Asmer]. Tartu, 2002.Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu : [postkaardikomplekt raamatukogu varadest ; kaartide pöördel Eesti Raamatu Aasta logo ; koost. Elna Hansson, Mare Rand, Rein Saukas. Tartu, 2000]. 8 kaarti ümbrises

  17. Euroopa temaatika intrigeerib ja harib / Imbi Leevand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leevand, Imbi

    2008-01-01

    ERÜ kooliraamatukogude sektsiooni teabepäevast "Kooliraamatukogu - aken Euroopasse", kus esinesid ettekandega ka TLÜ algõpetuse õppetooli lastekirjanduse dotsent Mare Müürsepp ja Tiina Sulg Tartu Linnaraamatukogust

  18. Max Jakobson õiendab arveid ajalooga / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2003-01-01

    Soome politoloogi ja diplomaadi Max Jakobsoni raamatust "Tilinpäätos" ("Arve sulgemine"), milles ta käsitleb Eesti ja Soome suhteid 20. sajandil. Vt samas: Lennart Meri meelitas Jakobsoni sõjakuritegusid uurima; lühiintervjuu Max Jakobsoniga

  19. Eesti vajab kavalust / Imbi Paju, Stefan Brunow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Ajakirjanikud leiavad, et Eesti propaganda peaks seoses Venemaaga olema rafineeritum ning toetama eestivenelaste identiteeti nende venekeelsete kaudu, kes kannavad endas euroopalikke väärtusi ja on Eestile lojaalsed

  20. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Brita Melts, Rutt Hinrikus and Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Melts, Brita

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Helme, Peeter. Varastatud aja lõpus. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Jõerüüt, Jaak. Kõik luuletused. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2011 ; Kareva, Doris. Sa pole üksi. Tallinn : Verb, 2011 ; Paju, Imbi. Soome lahe õed : vaadates teiste valu. Tallinn : Hea lugu, 2011 ; Pervik, Aino. Matlena teekond. Tallinn : Mustvalge Kirjastus, 2010 ; Raud, Rein. Hotell Amalfi. Tallinn : Tuum, 2011 ; Sommer, Lauri. Räestu raamat. Tallinn : Menu Kirjastus, 2012 ; Kasemaa. Andrus. Leskede kadunud maailm. Tallinn : Varrak, 2012 ; Teede, Andra. Käigud. Pärnu : Jumalikud Ilmutused, 2011

  1. Põltsamaa loss / Christian Gottlieb Welté, Stavenhagen Wilhelm Siegfried, Johann Michael Graff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Welté, Christian Gottlieb, 1748/49-1792

    1996-01-01

    Lk. 58 (17. saj. pärinevad figuraalsed ahjukahlid), värv., lk. 59 (fragment 1815. a. alevi kaardist), värv., lk. 221 (sisevaated 1770. aastatest, rokokoodekoor J. M. Graff, reprod TÜ kunstikabineti kogust), lk. 222 (lossiansambel, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 223 (loss ja kirik, G. Chr. Velté õlimaal 18. saj. lõpust), värv., lk. 224 (ampiirstiilis ahi härrastemaja saalis), värv., lk. 225 (loss ja alev, W. S. Stavenhageni gravüür 1867)

  2. Research of building information extraction and evaluation based on high-resolution remote-sensing imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Qiong; Gu, Lingjia; Ren, Ruizhi; Wang, Lang

    2016-09-01

    Building extraction currently is important in the application of high-resolution remote sensing imagery. At present, quite a few algorithms are available for detecting building information, however, most of them still have some obvious disadvantages, such as the ignorance of spectral information, the contradiction between extraction rate and extraction accuracy. The purpose of this research is to develop an effective method to detect building information for Chinese GF-1 data. Firstly, the image preprocessing technique is used to normalize the image and image enhancement is used to highlight the useful information in the image. Secondly, multi-spectral information is analyzed. Subsequently, an improved morphological building index (IMBI) based on remote sensing imagery is proposed to get the candidate building objects. Furthermore, in order to refine building objects and further remove false objects, the post-processing (e.g., the shape features, the vegetation index and the water index) is employed. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, the omission errors (OE), commission errors (CE), the overall accuracy (OA) and Kappa are used at final. The proposed method can not only effectively use spectral information and other basic features, but also avoid extracting excessive interference details from high-resolution remote sensing images. Compared to the original MBI algorithm, the proposed method reduces the OE by 33.14% .At the same time, the Kappa increase by 16.09%. In experiments, IMBI achieved satisfactory results and outperformed other algorithms in terms of both accuracies and visual inspection

  3. Defense Manpower Commission Staff Studies and Supporting Papers. Volume 2. The Total Force and Its Manpower Requirements Including Overviews of Each Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-05-01

    J^^’.Si*!** \\ ir..’’T^-.’-T*TSfn titoa i iMBi’M, OTTŕ" ,^~" fraCk k^«^;-<^»J,..;^.a,L.^t»^^ri^fc ft WBMyLmH’.’JW*^Hi,.J , Jl,l|llliln|Kli|Pffl...also develop a means to inspect tube internals to insure they are clean 11. Develop a deep tank, high volume, high head hydraulic driven pump to...and procedures that have been implemented at this Command and havs en- hanced productivity are: - Power floor cleaners Pneumatic/ hydraulic ram tire

  4. GLOBEì andmebaasi ressursside kasutamine geograafia õpetamisel / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2003-01-01

    Õpilased ja õpetajad võivad tutvuda koolidest GLOBE℗þi andmebaasi saadetud andmetega ning NOAA ja NASA teemakaartide, materjalide ning ressurssidega. Kõige sobilikum on GLOBEì kodulehe võimalusi kasutada geograafiatundide näitlikustamisel, koolide saadetud andmete võrdlemisel ning teadmiste ja oskuste kontrollimisel, GLOBE on abiks ka riikliku õppekava geograafiateemade käsitlemisel

  5. GLOBE-koolide õpilased assisteerivad NASA teadlasi / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit Environment) on õpilastele suunatud uurimuslikku ja praktilist tegevust pakkuv haridus- ja teadusprogramm. Õpilased teevad keskkonnavaatlusi ja mõõtmisi, saadavad oma tulemused interneti kaudu GLOBE'i andmebaasi ja kasutavad andmebaase koolitöös. Suvel toimus USA-s Boulderis GLOBE'i 10. tegevusaastale pühendatud konverents

  6. Max Jakobsoni saatuseaastad, soomlased ja meie / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2008-01-01

    Soome politoloogist ja diplomaadist Max Jakobsonist ja tema uuest raamatust "Saatuseaastad. Soome tõusis, andis Venemaale järele ja pääses". Artiklis on juttu ka Max Jakobsoni suhetest Eesti presidentide Lennart Meri ja Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega

  7. Linlane ei tea, kuidas maal elatakse / Imbi Raikna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raikna, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    2004. a. märtsis ja aprillis tehtud uurimusest "Põllumajandusministeeriumi ja maaelu imago Eesti linnaelanike seas". Tabelid: Maakohtade külastamise sagedus; Maakohtade külastamise põhjused. Vt. ka: Mida maaelu tundjad arvavad linnaelanike uuringu tulemustest. Kommenteerivad Riigikogu liikmed Imre Sooäär, Jaanus Marrandi ja Mati Kepp, MTÜ Saaremaa Kodukant juht Elvi Viira, MTÜ Kodukant Viljandimaa juht Kaja Kaur, MTÜ Kodukant Tartumaa juht Lea Saul, Saarde vallavalitsuse volikogu esimees Väino Lill ja Lääne-Virumaa Uhtna küla elanik Inge Pikkoja

  8. Rae planeering: 2x Rae / Eerika Alev, Kaisa Lillemets, Siim Tiisvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alev, Eerika

    2013-01-01

    EKA arhitektuuri ja linnaplaneerimise IV kursuse üliõpilaste 2011- 2012 õppeaastal loodud planeeringu eesmärk oli säilitada Rae küla senine valglinnastunud struktuur ja panna see toimima ka tõelise külana.

  9. Anadolu Türklerinde Kurban Alevîler Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamza Karaoğlan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available 6 W. R. F. Browning, “Sacrifices”, A Dictionary of the Bible, Oxford 2004, 336. Kendisi de köken olarak bir Yahudi olan İsa, Yahudi çevresinde doğup büyümüş, büyük olasılıkla o da diğer Yahudiler gibi kurban sunmuştur. Ancak Hıristiyanlık’ta İsa’nın bizatihi kendi- sinin kurban olarak kabul edilmesi motifi İsa sonrası Pavlus ve Petrus gibi çeşitli Incil yazarları tarafından gündeme getirilmiştir. Nitekim bu durum, Pavlus’un (Incil/Rom. 3:25—26; 4:25; Kor. 5: 7; Rom. 8: 13; Ef. 5:2. ve Petrus’un (I. Mektubu 1:18—19 yazdığı çeşitli mektuplarda yer almıştır. Mektupta “biliyorsunuz ki, atalarınızdan kalma boş yaşayışınızdan gümüş ya da altın gibi geçici şeylerle değil, Mesih’in kusursuz ve lekesiz bir kuzunun kanına benzer değerli kanı fidyesiyle kurtuldunuz.” demek suretiyle Isa’- nın, insanlığın çektiğine inanılan asli günahtan dolayı kendisini kurban ettiği vurgulan- mıştır. Konu ayrıca Pavlus’un Romalılara yazdığı İncil metinlerinde de benzer şekilde işlenmiştir. . cağı umularak kesilen hayvanların adıdır. Ancak çeşitli İslam akımları arasında kurban 7 Islam’da “kurban” terim olarak ibadet maksadıyla insanları Allah’a manen yakınlaştıra

  10. Intervención para la mejora de las orientaciones hacia la deportividad en futbolistas alevines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Lamoneda Prieto

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El fútbol base demanda de un tratamiento ético que incluya no solo aspectos preventivos frente a la violencia sino también la promoción de conductas prodeportivas. Para ello se requiere de programas debidamente diseñados e instrumentos de evaluación adaptados a cada contexto.Objetivos. Los dos objetivos principales de esta tesis fueron: 1. Diseñar un modelo de intervención para la promoción del juego limpio-deportividad destinada a futbolistas de categoría alevín y verificar su eficacia, y 2. Contextualizar los instrumentos de evaluación existentes para el análisis de las orientaciones hacia la deportividad en el fútbol alevín.Muestra. Participaron ciento ochenta y cuatro futbolistas federados de entre 10 y 12 años de edad (n = 184.Procedimiento. Se diseñó y desarrolló durante dos temporadas consecutivas (2011-2012 y 2012-2013 un programa de educación en valores de diez semanas de duración. Para valorar la eficacia del programa se recurrió a la Escala multidimensional de orientaciones hacia la deportividad (MSOS. Se realizó una adecuación muestral del instrumento a la realidad particular del fútbol alevín. Para ello cada ítem de la versión española fue sustituido por una situación práctica de juego, se redujo el número de ítems y se redactó la quinta subescala en positivo.Análisis estadístico. Para analizar la eficacia del programa de intervención se realizó un análisis descriptivo (media, desviación estándar, de la significatividad intragrupo (prueba de Wilcoxon y de la significatividad intergrupo (test exacto de Fisher’s. Además, se valoraron las propiedades psicométricas del instrumento de evaluación a través del estudio de la fiabilidad mediante el análisis de consistencia interna, se aportó un estudio factorial y se analizó la sensibilidad del instrumento.Resultados. Los participantes en el programa, en comparación con los que no recibieron tratamiento educativo

  11. Trends in ice sheet mass balance, 1992 to 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, A.; Ivins, E. R.; Smith, B.; Velicogna, I.; Whitehouse, P. L.; Rignot, E. J.; van den Broeke, M. R.; Briggs, K.; Hogg, A.; Krinner, G.; Joughin, I. R.; Nowicki, S.; Payne, A. J.; Scambos, T.; Schlegel, N.; Moyano, G.; Konrad, H.

    2017-12-01

    The Ice Sheet Mass Balance Inter-Comparison Exercise (IMBIE) is a community effort, jointly supported by ESA and NASA, that aims to provide a consensus estimate of ice sheet mass balance from satellite gravimetry, altimetry and mass budget assessments, on an annual basis. The project has five experiment groups, one for each of the satellite techniques and two others to analyse surface mass balance (SMB) and glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA). The basic premise for the exercise is that individual ice sheet mass balance datasets are generated by project participants using common spatial and temporal domains to allow meaningful inter-comparison, and this controlled comparison in turn supports aggregation of the individual datasets over their full period. Participation is open to the full community, and the quality and consistency of submissions is regulated through a series of data standards and documentation requirements. The second phase of IMBIE commenced in 2015, with participant data submitted in 2016 and a combined estimate due for public release in 2017. Data from 48 participant groups were submitted to one of the three satellite mass balance technique groups or to the ancillary dataset groups. The individual mass balance estimates and ancillary datasets have been compared and combined within the respective groups. Following this, estimates of ice sheet mass balance derived from the individual techniques were then compared and combined. The result is single estimates of ice sheet mass balance for Greenland, East Antarctica, West Antarctica, and the Antarctic Peninsula. The participants, methodology and results of the exercise will be presented in this paper.

  12. Raamatupidamise tarkvarade võrdlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Buhgalterskije Novosti, nr. 8, 2004, lk. 44-49. Järg Raamatupidamisuudised nr. 8 lk. 49-52. Oma ettevõtete poolt müüdavat tarkvara tutvustavad Reimo Möll Excellent Business Solutions Eesti AS-ist (FirstOffice HansaWorld SBE); Helen Märtsoo Hansa Business Solutions AS-ist (HansaRaama); Allan Vähejaus Vallaste ja Partnerid OÜ-st (Joosep); Andres Kert Merit Tarkvara AS-ist (Merit Aktiva, Microsoft Navision); Kaido Rasva Ecosoft OÜ-st (RAMIX-START); Raivo Viitas Systec AS-ist (SAF); Imbi Rooste Gaiasoft AS-ist (Verp 6.1; Verp 6.2e). Tabelid

  13. Kas piiratud natsionalism või identiteedi kinnitus?! / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2010-01-01

    Näitus "Eesti värvid - 150 aastat eesti maalikunsti Enn Kunila kollektsioonist" Helsingi Taidehallis 24. novembrini 2010, kuraator Harry Liivrand. Näituse kohta 28. oktoobril 2010 ajalehes "Sirp" ilmunud Otso Kantokorpi ja Reet Varblase artiklitest

  14. Loodusfond avaldas muret gaasitoru pärast / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 20. dets., lk 8. Helsingis peetud Maailma Loodusfondi (WWF) kohtumisel avaldasid keskkonnaorganisatsioonid muret Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme projekti ümbritseva salatsemise pärast: teadmata on selle täpne paiknemine ja keskkonnamõjud Läänemerele

  15. Uurimuslik õpe GLOBE programmi näitel / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2005-01-01

    Artiklis tutvustatakse põhi- ja keskkooliõpilastele mõeldud uurimuslikku õpet ja praktilisi tegevusi pakkuvat keskkonnasuunitlusega ülemaailmset haridus- ja teadusprogrammi GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit Environment)

  16. Eesti ajab autotranspordis konservatiivset kütusepoliitikat / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    2007. aastal oli bensiini ja diislikütuse kogutarbimine Eestis 1,1 mld liitrit, millest biokütus moodustas 0,06%. Prognoosi kohaselt võiks kütuse tarbimine 2010. aastal ulatuda Eestis 943 000 tonnini, millest 100%-line biodiislikütus moodustaks 9,45 ja 95%-line bioetanool 7,13%

  17. Norra parlamendiliikmed EML-il külas / Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljuste, Imbi E., 1963-

    2006-01-01

    Norra parlamendiliikmetele külaskäigul Eesti Maksumaksjate Liitu tutvustati neile Eesti maksusüsteemi kujunemist, selle positiivseid ja negatiivseid külgi, samuti vastati külaliste küsimustele, mis puudutasid tulumaksu, sotsiaalkindlustus- ning käibemaksusüsteemi

  18. Raoul Grünstein : kultuurisponsorlus on turureklaami osa / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    1998-01-01

    Kultuurisponsorlusest Soomes, ettevõtete vähesest huvist kultuuri toetamise vastu varem, suhtumise muutumisest nüüd. Kultuurisponsorluse algataja Soomes - firma Image Match juht, fotokunstnik Raoul Grünstein. Image Matchi klientidest, ettevõtmistest, viimasest projektist - Kiasmale sponsorluse korraldamisest.

  19. Sõnum Lapimaalt - "Magnus" on väärt film / Imbi Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paju, Imbi, 1959-

    2007-01-01

    Sodankylä filmifestivalist, mille üllatuskülaliseks kutsus soome filmilegend Peter von Bagh 60. Cannes'i filmifestivalil esilinastunud mängufilmi "Magnus" režissööri Kadri Kõusaare. Film sai Sodankyläs hea vastuvõtu

  20. Kuluhüvitiste kampaania sündmuste kronoloogia / Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljuste, Imbi E., 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Riigikogu liikme staatuse seaduse eelnõust, mille paragrahv 30 nägi ette, et Riigikogu liikmetele makstakse tööga seotud kulude hüvitamiseks iga kuu summa, mille suurus on 30 % tema ametipalgast. Lisatud: allkirjade kogunemine

  1. Iga hetk peab teadma, mis ettevõttes toimub / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Tulemusjuhtimise juurutamisest maailma juhtivas bio-innovatsiooniga tegelevas tootmisettevõttes Novozymes. Skeem: Maailma juhtiva ensüümide tootja Novozymesi kvaliteedisüsteem jälgib pidevalt üheksat näidikut. Lisa: Novozymesi tulemusjuhtimissüsteem. Vt. samas: Kaur Kivirähk. Kvaliteedisüsteemid tolmuvad riiulil

  2. Çeşitli kalsiyum boratların sentezi, karakterizasyonu ve alev geciktirici etkinliklerinin incelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    DURĞUN, Zeynep Gülşah

    2010-01-01


      Türkiye sahip olduğu bor rezervleri ve cevherlerinin kalitesi ile dünyanın önde gelen ülkelerinden biri olmasına rağmen minerallerin çeşitliliği ve işlenebilirliği yetersizdir. Bu nedenle değişik endüstriyel uygulamalara yönelik sentetik bor bileşiklerinin elde edilmesi önemli bir ihtiyaçtır. Bilinen yaklaşık 230 çeşit bor bileşiği mevcuttur ve bir kalsiyum hekzaborat türevi olan Nobleit de bunlardan bir tanesidir. Yangınlarda can ve mal kaybın...

  3. Minutipõhise hinnaarvestuse katse - kas julgus või rumalus? / Imbi Ernits-Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ernits-Kaljuste, Imbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    EMT teatas 2007. aasta sügisel üleminekust mobiilikõnede minutipõhisele hinnaarvestusele, mis tõi kaasa avalikkuse pahameele, seejärel teatas EMT plaanist loobumisest. Autor tõstatab küsimuse, kumma teatega tegi EMT vea. Kommenteerivad Kaja Pino, Janek Mäggi, Kristjan Seema, Daniel Vaarik, Sami Seppänen, Ivo Rull

  4. Ülevaade GLOBE'i programmi tööst Eestis / Imbi Henno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Henno, Imbi

    2001-01-01

    GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations to Benefit Environment) on üldhariduskoolidele mõeldud keskkonnasuunitlusega haridus- ja teadusprogramm, mis ühendab lapsi, õpetajaid ja teadlasi kogu maailmast

  5. Raikülast saab Eesti mõisate süda / Imbi Raikna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raikna, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    Raikküla mõisa ajaloost, omanikest. Mõisahoone arhitektiks arvatakse olevat Johann Carl Ludwig Engel. Raikküla mõisa tegi kuulsaks Keyserlingide suguvõsa. 1999. a. omandas mõisa perekond Jõesoo, kes on hüljatud valduse ellu äratanud, kavandades sinna raamatumõisa ja mõisainfo keskust. 10 ill

  6. İbn Kuteybe’ye Göre Şiirde Yetenek Sorunu

    OpenAIRE

    Öznurhan, Halim

    2005-01-01

    ‛Abdü’s-Selâm ‛Abdü’l-Hafîz ‛Abdü’l-‛Âl, Nakdü’ş-şi‛r beyne İbn Kuteybe ve İbn Tabâtabâ el-‛Alevî, Dâru’l-fikri’l-‛Arabî, Mısır, ts. , 166. ‛Abdü’l-‛Âl, aynı yer. İbn Kuteybe, 12, 13. Ebû ‛Usmân ‛Amr b. Bahr el-Câhiz, el-Beyân ve’t-tebyîn, nşr: ‛Abdü’s-Selâm M. Hârûn, Kahire, 1948, I, 208. İbn Kuteybe, 17. Krş: el-Câhiz, I, 207 ve II, 13. Krş: el-Câhiz, II, 13. Bkz: İbn Kuteybe, 476, 497, 501

  7. Effects of atorvastatin treatment on left ventricular diastolic function in peritoneal dialysis patients-The ALEVENT clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Cho-Kai; Yeh, Chih-Fan; Chiang, Jiun-Yang; Lin, Ting-Tse; Wu, Yi-Fan; Chiang, Chih-Kang; Kao, Tze-Wah; Hung, Kuan-Yu; Huang, Jenq-Wen

    Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is common among patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). Increased levels of inflammatory biomarkers, such as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, predict the development of LVDD. We hypothesized that PD patients with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels might benefit from statin treatment for LVDD and designed a randomized clinical trial to prove the hypothesis. We screened 213 PD patients and randomly assigned 32 men and women with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels atorvastatin, 40 mg daily, or without. The primary end points were changes in TDI diastolic parameters or global strain imaging diastolic parameters. Atorvastatin reduced low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 43% and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels by 45% (both P atorvastatin and control, respectively, P = .02). There was also a significant improvement in global strain imaging after atorvastatin treatment (global strain rate, -17.12 ± 1.42 vs -14.61 ± 1.78 for atorvastatin and control, respectively, P = .002 and E/SR IVR , 462.35 ± 110.54 vs 634.09 ± 116.81, P = .003). In this trial of PD patients without hyperlipidemia but with elevated high-sensitivity C-reactive protein levels and LVDD, atorvastatin significantly improved cardiac diastolic function (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01503671). Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  8. Mütsiga lüües : kuidas väärikalt vananeda? / Imbi Jeletsky

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jeletsky, Imbi

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Kesknädal 21. nov., lk. 12. ETV saates "Vabariigi kodanikud" arutleti vananemise teemal. Stuudios olid kirjanik Maimu Berg, rahvastikuteadlane Kalev Katus ja kunstnik Heinz Valk, saatejuht oli Aarne Rannamäe

  9. Using satellite laser ranging to measure ice mass change in Greenland and Antarctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Bonin

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available A least squares inversion of satellite laser ranging (SLR data over Greenland and Antarctica could extend gravimetry-based estimates of mass loss back to the early 1990s and fill any future gap between the current Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE and the future GRACE Follow-On mission. The results of a simulation suggest that, while separating the mass change between Greenland and Antarctica is not possible at the limited spatial resolution of the SLR data, estimating the total combined mass change of the two areas is feasible. When the method is applied to real SLR and GRACE gravity series, we find significantly different estimates of inverted mass loss. There are large, unpredictable, interannual differences between the two inverted data types, making us conclude that the current 5×5 spherical harmonic SLR series cannot be used to stand in for GRACE. However, a comparison with the longer IMBIE time series suggests that on a 20-year time frame, the inverted SLR series' interannual excursions may average out, and the long-term mass loss estimate may be reasonable.

  10. Using satellite laser ranging to measure ice mass change in Greenland and Antarctica

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonin, Jennifer A.; Chambers, Don P.; Cheng, Minkang

    2018-01-01

    A least squares inversion of satellite laser ranging (SLR) data over Greenland and Antarctica could extend gravimetry-based estimates of mass loss back to the early 1990s and fill any future gap between the current Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and the future GRACE Follow-On mission. The results of a simulation suggest that, while separating the mass change between Greenland and Antarctica is not possible at the limited spatial resolution of the SLR data, estimating the total combined mass change of the two areas is feasible. When the method is applied to real SLR and GRACE gravity series, we find significantly different estimates of inverted mass loss. There are large, unpredictable, interannual differences between the two inverted data types, making us conclude that the current 5×5 spherical harmonic SLR series cannot be used to stand in for GRACE. However, a comparison with the longer IMBIE time series suggests that on a 20-year time frame, the inverted SLR series' interannual excursions may average out, and the long-term mass loss estimate may be reasonable.

  11. The Bronze Soldier in Tallinn : a reminder of the lack of common history / Imbi Sooman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sooman, Imbi

    2009-01-01

    Taustast ja sündmustest aprillist augustini 2007. a. seoses pronkssõduri teisaldamisega Tallinnas; väljavõtteid ajakirjandusest ja internetist. Pronkssõduri tähendus eestlastele ja venelastele on erinev

  12. Ardo Ojasalu lubab Eesti maksusüsteemi ise Euroopas kaitsta / Ardo Ojasalu ; interv. Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojasalu, Ardo, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Eestis ja Lätis ärikonsultatsioonide ja raamatupidamisega tegeleva IMG (Investments Management Group) ettevõtete grupi peamine omanik ja tegevjuht ning Maksuameti endine peadirektor tööst maksuametis ja konsultatsioonifirmas IMG, kuulumisest Sotsiaaldemokraatlikusse Erakonda, maksunduse ees seisvatest probleemidest Eestis. Lisa: Ardo Ojasalu. Kommenteerivad Eiki Nestor, Enriko Aav, Vello Vallaste, Ranno Tingas, Aivar Sõerd

  13. Swedish Match valutab pead rohkem aktsiisi kui erisoodustusmaksu pärast / Raigo Roosve ; interv. Imbi E. Kaljuste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosve, Raigo

    1999-01-01

    Intervjuus vastab tubakafirma AS-i Swedish Match peadirektor Raigo Roosve küsimustele, miks ja mille alusel maksab AS Swedish Match erisoodustusmaksu ja kas firmal on olnud arusaamatusi maksuameti või maksudega

  14. Using an SLR inversion to measure the mass balance of Greenland before and during GRACE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonin, Jennifer

    2016-04-01

    The GRACE mission has done an admirable job of measuring large-scale mass changes over Greenland since its launch in 2002. However before that time, measurements of large-scale ice mass balance were few and far between, leading to a lack of baseline knowledge. High-quality Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) data existed a decade earlier, but normally has too low a spatial resolution to be used for this purpose. I demonstrate that a least squares inversion technique can reconstitute the SLR data and use it to measure ice loss over Greenland. To do so, I first simulate the problem by degrading today's GRACE data to a level comparable with SLR, then demonstrating that the inversion can re-localize Greenland's contribution to the low-resolution signal, giving an accurate time series of mass change over all of Greenland which compares well with the full-resolution GRACE estimates. I then utilize that method on the actual SLR data, resulting in an independent 1994-2014 time series of mass change over Greenland. I find favorable agreement between the pure-SLR inverted results and the 2012 Ice-sheet Mass Balance Inter-comparison Exercise (IMBIE) results, which are largely based on the "input-output" modeling method before GRACE's launch.

  15. Turning a Blind Eye: Public Support of Emergency Housing Policies for Sex Offenders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Socia, Kelly M; Dum, Christopher P; Rydberg, Jason

    2017-07-01

    In this study, we examine the influences of citizen decision making in the context of four policy scenarios that would affect the living conditions of sex offenders (SOs) residing at an "emergency shelter" budget motel. We surveyed 773 citizens in an online survey about their support for four policy scenarios that would improve the living conditions of SOs: (a) at no cost to the respondent, (b) in exchange for a US$100 tax increase, and (c) by relocating SOs within the respondent's neighborhood (i.e., "in my backyard"/IMBY scenario). The fourth scenario involved moving nearby SOs into substandard housing located far away from the respondent (i.e., "not in my backyard"/NIMBY). While prior research finds that the public overwhelmingly supports punitive SO policies, we find that indifference is a mainstay of public opinion about improving SO housing conditions. That is, we find only modest levels of average support for any of the policy scenarios, and policy support decreased when increased taxes would be involved, compared with a "no cost" scenario. While no respondent characteristics significantly predicted policy support consistently across all four scenarios, some scenarios showed stark differences in support when considering specific respondent characteristics. Overall, these results suggest that what does affect support depends on the details of the policy being proposed, as well as who is considering the policy. We end by discussing the policy implications of our study for both policymakers and the public.

  16. RESPECT THE MASTER: ERDOGAN ERSEN (A MONOGRAPHIC CONVERSATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gul ERBAY ASLITURK

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study that is interview with Erdogan Ersen on Sunday 15 June 2008, to the immortal. According to Sadi Diren, the Turkish ceramic art of the contemporary circuit, 1951-1962, a formation circuit. Nasip İyem, Mediha Akarsu, Seniye Fenmen, Belma Diren, Cemil Eren, Tüzüm Kızılcan, Atilla Galatalı, Ruzen Galatalı, Erdogan Ersen, Alev Ebüzziya, Melike Abasıyanık, Cevdet Altuğ, Müfide Çalık, Melike Sasa, Ayfer Karamani, Sabit Karamani, Cavit Bozok and Hakkı Karayiğitoglu are well-known names in this period. Erdoğan Ersen, who was born in 1931 in Istanbul, the State Academy of Fine Arts “Gallery” with Sadi Diren received training. Then completed the Department of Theatre Costume and Fashion. He studied watercolor at the academy from Kenan Temizal and Zeki Faik İzer. With the return of Sadi Diren Germany, he learned ceramics by Sadi Diren in Eczacıbaşı. He continued Eczacibaşı Art Workshop. He worked for a while with Cevdet Altuğ and Tüzüm Kızılcan in Taylan Ceramic. Next, he set up in agreement for Art Workshop with Rebii Gorbon in Gorbon Seramik. Then he is awarded with “The Golden Orange Award” “Working in The World” in Italy in 1965. He continued his profession until his retirement (1999 in Gorbon. Name until the last days, he worked watercolor paintings. He passed away on 13th November 2009.

  17. Kohtuotsuse kassatsiooni korras tühistamise alused kriminaalmenetluses : [teadusmagistritöö] / Imbi Jürgen ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Eerik Kergandberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürgen, Imbi

    2003-01-01

    Kohtukaebuse mõiste, liigid, olulisemad instituudid, edasikaebeõigus kriminaalmenetluses kui põhiõigus, kassatsiooni põhitunnused Eesti kriminaalmenetluses, kassatsiooni aluste liigid ja süsteem, probleemidest Saksamaa ja Eesti kriminaalmenetluses, materiaalõiguse ebaõige kohaldamine ja menetlusõiguse rikkumine kui kohtuotsuse kassatsiooni korras tühistamise alused. - Kaitses 29. 05. 2003. a. Tartu Ülikoolis

  18. Correlation between pain response and improvements in patient-reported outcomes and health-related quality of life in duloxetine-treated patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ogawa K

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Kei Ogawa,1 Shinji Fujikoshi,2 William Montgomery,3 Levent Alev1 1Medical Science, 2Statistical Science, Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Japan; 3Global Patient Outcomes and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia Objective: We assessed whether quality of life (QoL improvement in duloxetine-treated patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP correlates with the extent of pain relief.Methods: Pooled data from three multicountry, double-blind, 12-week, placebo-controlled trials of duloxetine-treated (duloxetine 60 mg once daily; total number =335 patients with DPNP were analyzed. Based on improvement in 24-hour average pain scores, patients were stratified into four groups. Improvement in QoL, which was measured as the change from baseline in two patient-reported health outcome measures (Short Form [SF]-36 and five-dimension version of the EuroQol Questionnaire [EQ-5D], was evaluated and compared among the four groups. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was calculated to assess the correlation between improvement in pain scores and improvement in QoL.Results: The group with more pain improvement generally showed greater mean change from baseline in all of the SF-36 scale scores and on the EQ-5D index. Pearson’s correlation coefficients ranged from 0.114 to 0.401 for the SF-36 scale scores (P<0.05, and it was 0.271 for the EQ-5D (P<0.001.Conclusion: Improvement in pain scores was positively correlated with improvement in QoL and patient-reported outcomes in duloxetine-treated patients. Keywords: diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, duloxetine, efficacy, function, quality of life

  19. Luuleaasta 1994 : parlamendi koosseis on selgunud / Barbi Pilvre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilvre, Barbi, 1963-

    1995-01-01

    Rannit, Aleksis. Nii näen sind ikka; Kangur, Kalju. Sõna sees olek; Traat, Mats. Koidu kätes; Rimmel, Rudolf. Setu netu; Suislepp, Harald. Köögertali kojutulek; Piir, Enno. Sunnitöölise Mekka; Üllaste, Leenart. Lind tormis; Hirv, Indrek. Taskuraamat (taskutähekerjus); Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Maithunad Eestis; Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Armuühtepühad; Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Tulevaas; Kurvits, Lembit. Matle laul; Lillemets, Enn. Olemise valge koer ehk Ingli kolju; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Jah, luuletused; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Ohjad Oti mäel; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Poeetilisi prohmakaid; Ivar, Ivo. Riimiskid; Kilokalor, Kalle. Öösel näeb halvemini kui päeval; Trubetsky, Tõnu. Anarhia; Laanvee, Ervin. Jaa. Mina olen; Kuningas, Marko J. ...jääb USK, LOOTUS, ARMASTUS; Ruben, Arne. Ajakirjanik; Ollinovski, Jim [Ollino, Ott]. Luuletused; Toomik, Tõnu. 27 luuletust; Tosin, Ants. Õnnetähestik; Krüger, Urmas. Ka nii võib...; Kärner, Siim. Usseaid; Sikk, Heino. Võrokõstõlõ: poeem; Kollin, Viktor. Kodutunne; Alo, Ülo [Võsar, Ülo Alo]. Ööbikuvalgus; Sepp, Vello. Vigased pärlid; Palo, Wilhelm. Tuule-luuled; Soomets, Triin. Randmes unejanu; Soomets, Triin. Janu masinas; Ränik, Valeria. Ajast väljas; Kivi, Aita. Kalender-päevik Aita Kivi luuletustega; Maagemust, Maarika. Kaaludes kaldaid; Hiiussaar, Ann. Valgete uste taga; Kolkkanen, Imbi. Mina ja maailm; Mets, Neeme. Kesalill; Kolesnitshenko, Kaidi-Ly. Kaks silma; Kahro, Anne. Nälkjast!; Kabe, Aino. Tuulema mõtteriim. Raatma, Salme. Laululatern; Osila, Virve. Lootuse luiged; Isak, Asta. Valguse ja varjude vahel; Õunapuu, Meeli. Mööda teid ja radu

  20. Partitioned learning of deep Boltzmann machines for SNP data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Moritz; Lenz, Stefan; Blätte, Tamara J; Bullinger, Lars; Binder, Harald

    2017-10-15

    Learning the joint distributions of measurements, and in particular identification of an appropriate low-dimensional manifold, has been found to be a powerful ingredient of deep leaning approaches. Yet, such approaches have hardly been applied to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data, probably due to the high number of features typically exceeding the number of studied individuals. After a brief overview of how deep Boltzmann machines (DBMs), a deep learning approach, can be adapted to SNP data in principle, we specifically present a way to alleviate the dimensionality problem by partitioned learning. We propose a sparse regression approach to coarsely screen the joint distribution of SNPs, followed by training several DBMs on SNP partitions that were identified by the screening. Aggregate features representing SNP patterns and the corresponding SNPs are extracted from the DBMs by a combination of statistical tests and sparse regression. In simulated case-control data, we show how this can uncover complex SNP patterns and augment results from univariate approaches, while maintaining type 1 error control. Time-to-event endpoints are considered in an application with acute myeloid leukemia patients, where SNP patterns are modeled after a pre-screening based on gene expression data. The proposed approach identified three SNPs that seem to jointly influence survival in a validation dataset. This indicates the added value of jointly investigating SNPs compared to standard univariate analyses and makes partitioned learning of DBMs an interesting complementary approach when analyzing SNP data. A Julia package is provided at 'http://github.com/binderh/BoltzmannMachines.jl'. binderh@imbi.uni-freiburg.de. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online. © The Author (2017). Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

  1. Protocol of an expertise based randomized trial comparing surgical Venae Sectio versus radiological Puncture of Vena Subclavia for insertion of Totally Implantable Access Port in oncological patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radeleff Boris

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Totally Implantable Access Ports (TIAP are being extensively used world-wide and can be expected to gain further importance with the introduction of new neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatments in oncology. Two different techniques for the implantation can be selected: A direct puncture of a central vein and the utilization of a Seldinger device or the surgical Venae sectio. It is still unclear which technique has the optimal benefit/risk ratio for the patient. Design A single-center, expertise based randomized, controlled superiority trial to compare two different TIAP implantation techniques. 100 patients will be included and randomized pre-operatively. All patients aged 18 years or older scheduled for primary elective implantation of a TIAP under local anesthesia who signed the informed consent will be included. The primary endpoint is the primary success rate of the randomized technique. Control Intervention: Venae Sectio will be employed to insert a TIAP by a surgeon; Experimental intervention: Punction of V. Subclavia will be used to place a TIAP by a radiologist. Duration of study: Approximately 10 months, follow up time: 90 days. Organisation/Responsibility The PORTAS 2 – Trial will be conducted in accordance with the protocol and in compliance with the moral, ethical, and scientific principles governing clinical research as set out in the Declaration of Helsinki (1989 and Good Clinical Practice (GCP. The Center of Clinical Trials at the Department of Surgery, University Hospital Heidelberg is responsible for design and conduct of the trial including randomization and documentation of patients' data. Data management and statistical analysis will be performed by the independent Institute for Medical Biometry and Informatics (IMBI, University of Heidelberg. Trial Registration The trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00600444.

  2. Double-Track Electrochemical Green Approach for Simultaneous Dissolution Profiling of Naproxen Sodium and Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shehata, Mostafa A; Fawaz, Esraa M; El-Rahman, Mohamed K Abd; Abdel-Moety, Ezzat M

    2017-11-30

    Acquisition of the dissolution profiles of more than single active ingredient in a multi-analyte pharmaceutical formulation is a mandatory manufacturing practice that is dominated by utilization of the off-line separation-based chromatographic methods. This contribution adopts a new "Double-Track" approach with the ultimate goal of advancing the in-line potentiometric sensors to their most effective applicability for simultaneous acquisition of the dissolution profiles of two active ingredients in a binary pharmaceutical formulation. The unique abilities of these sensors for real-time measurements is the key driver for adoption of "green analytical chemistry" (GAC) principles aiming to expand the application of eco-friendly analytical methods With the aim of performing a side-by-side comparison, this work investigates the degree of adherence of ISEs to the 12 principles of GAC in multicomponent dissolution profiling with respect to the HPLC. For the proof of concept, a binary mixture of naproxen sodium (NAPR) and diphenhydramine hydrochloride (DIPH) marketed as Aleve pm ® tablets was selected as a model for which dissolution profiles were attained by two techniques. The first "Double-Track" in-line strategy depends on dipping two highly integrated membrane sensors for continuous monitoring of the dissolution of each active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) by tracing the e.m.f change over the time scale. For the determination of NAPR, sensor I was developed using tridodecyl methyl ammonium chloride as an anion exchanger, while sensor II was developed for the determination of DIPH using potassium tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate as a cation exchanger. The second off-line strategy utilizes a separation-based HPLC method via off-line tracking the increase of peak area by UV detection at 220nm over time using a mobile phase of acetonitrile: water (90:10) pH 3. The advantages of the newly introduced "Double-Track" approach regarding GAC principles are highlighted, and

  3. Erki Uustalu loodab, et eestlastel jagub ka Euroopas Kaval-Antsule omast nutikust : Maksumaksja intervjuu rahvusvahelise maksunduse asjatundja Erki Uustaluga / Erki Uustalu ; interv. Imbi E. Kaljuste, Kristi Timmusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uustalu, Erki, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Erki Uustalu on Leideni Ülikooli rahvusvahelise magistriprogrammi koordinaator ja juhatuse liige, õppinud Tartu Ülikooli õigusteaduskonnas (1994-1998), Helsingi Ülikoolis (1996-1997), Leideni Ülikoolis (1999-2000). Artiklile lisatud kommentaarid: Aare Kurist "Erki Uustalu on järginud oma kutsumust", Itzik Amiel "Erki Uustalu tabab olulisimat nii maksu- kui ka juriidilistes küsimustes", prof.dr. Kees van Raad "Maksuõigus on Erki elustiil", Kalle Kägi "EMLi jaoks rahvusvahelisi kontakte loonud Erki Uustalule on Eestis vähe mänguruumi", Lasse Lehis "EMSi mees Leidenis". Lisatud Erki Uustalu lühike biograafia ja tema bibliograafia

  4. The relationship between pain severity and patient-reported outcomes among patients with chronic low back pain in Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montgomery W

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available William Montgomery,1 Jeffrey Vietri,2 Jing Shi,3 Kei Ogawa,4 Sawako Kariyasu,4 Levent Alev,4 Masaya Nakamura5 1Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd., Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Health Outcomes Practice, Kantar Health, Horsham, PA, 3Health Outcomes Practice, Kantar Health, Princeton, NJ, USA; 4Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Japan; 5Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Objective: The aim of this study was to quantify the impact of pain severity on patient-reported outcomes among individuals diagnosed with chronic low back pain in Japan. Methods: Data were provided by the 2012 Japan National Health and Wellness Survey (N=29,997, a web-based survey of individuals in Japan aged ≥18 years. This analysis included respondents diagnosed with low back pain of ≥3-month duration. Measures included the revised Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Survey Instrument, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale, the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: General Health questionnaire, and self-reported all-cause health care visits (6 months. Generalized linear models were used to assess the relationship between outcomes and severity of pain in the past week as reported on a numeric rating scale ranging from 0 (no pain to 10 (pain as bad as you can imagine, controlling for length of diagnosis, sociodemographics, and general health characteristics. Results: A total of 290 respondents were included in the analysis; mean age was 56 years, 41% were females, and 56% were employed. Pain severity was 3/10 for the first quartile, 5/10 for the median, and 7/10 for the third quartile of this sample. Increasing severity was associated with lower scores for mental and physical component summaries and Short-Form 6D health utility, higher depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and anxiety (Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scores, greater absenteeism and presenteeism, greater activity impairment

  5. Assessment of direct analgesic effect of duloxetine for chronic low back pain: post hoc path analysis of double-blind, placebo-controlled studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enomoto H

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Hiroyuki Enomoto,1 Shinji Fujikoshi,2 Jumpei Funai,3 Nao Sasaki,4 Michael H Ossipov,5 Toshinaga Tsuji,6 Levent Alev,7 Takahiro Ushida8 1Medical Science, Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Tokyo, 2Statistical Science, 3Science Communications, 4Medical Science, Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Japan; 5Clinical Division, inVentiv Health, LLC, Blue Bell, PA, USA; 6Medical Affairs Department, Shionogi & Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan; 7Medical Department, Lilly Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey; 8Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan Background: Comorbid depression and depressive symptoms are common in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP. Duloxetine is clinically effective in major depressive disorder and several chronic pain states, including CLBP. The objective of this post hoc meta-analysis was to assess direct and indirect analgesic efficacy of duloxetine for patients with CLBP in previous clinical trials. Methods: Post hoc path analyses were conducted of 3 randomized, double-blind, clinical studies of patients receiving duloxetine or placebo for CLBP. The primary outcome measure for pain was the Brief Pain Inventory, average pain score. A secondary outcome measure, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, was used for depressive symptoms. The changes in score from baseline to endpoint were determined for each index. Path analyses were employed to calculate the proportion of analgesia that may be attributed to a direct effect of duloxetine on pain.Results: A total of 851 patients (400 duloxetine and 451 placebo were included in this analysis. Duloxetine significantly improved pain scores compared with placebo (p<0.001. It also significantly improved depressive scores compared with placebo (p=0.015. Path analyses showed that 91.1% of the analgesic effect of duloxetine could be attributed to a direct analgesic effect, and 8.9% to its antidepressant effect. Similar results were obtained when data were evaluated at weeks 4 and 7, and when

  6. STACHYS RUPESTRIS (LAMIACEAE’İN UÇUCU YAĞ BİLEŞİMİ VE ANTİMİKROBİYAL ETKİLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GÖKALP İŞCAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Stachys cinsi (Lamiaceae dünya üzerinde tanımlanmış yaklaşık 300 türle geniş bir yayılış gösterirken, bu cins ülkemizde %48 endemizm oranıyla 91 tür ve 116 taksa ile temsil edilmektedir. Anadolu’da “Deli adaçayı” veya “Dağ çayı” isimleriyle bilinen Stachys türleri sahip olduğu antibakteriyel, antienflamatuvar, antipiretik, antioksidan ve sitotoksik etkilerinden dolayı, halk arasında cilt hastalıkları, ülser, kanser, solunum rahatsızlıkları ve böbrek hastalıklarında kullanılmaktadır. Yapılan çalışmalarda sekonder metabolitlerinin genellikle iridoit ve flavon glikozitleri ile diterpenler ve uçucu yağlar olduğu ortaya konmuştur.Çalışmamızda Mersin ve civarı için endemik olan Stachys rupestris Montbret et Aucher ex Benth.’in çiçekli toprak üstü kısımlarından hidrodistilasyon ile elde edilen uçucu yağın kompozisyonu gaz kromatografisi/alev iyonlaşma dedektörü ve gaz kromatografisi/kütle spektrometresi ile ortaya konmuştur,  Ana bileşenler a-pinen (%14.4, tetradekanoik asit (%10.3 ve β-karyofillen (%5.3 olarak saptanmıştır.Uçucu yağın patojen bakteri ve maya türlerine karşı antimikrobiyal özellikleri “Klinik ve Laboratuvar Standartları Enstitüsü”nün yayımladığı CLSI M27-A2 ve M7-A7 protokolleri uyarınca mikrodilüsyon duyarlılık testleri ile ortaya konmuştur. Yağın bakterilere kıyasla test edilen Candida türlerine karşı daha etkili olduğu görülmüş, Candida parapsilosis, C. zeylanoides ve C. krusei’yi 31,25 µg/mL, C. zeylanoides’i ise 15,0 µg/mL konsantrasyonda (MİK inhibe ettiği belirlenmiştir.

  7. Associations among depression severity, painful physical symptoms, and social and occupational functioning impairment in patients with major depressive disorder: a 3-month, prospective, observational study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harada E

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Eiji Harada,1 Yoichi Satoi,2 Atsushi Kuga,1 Hirofumi Tokuoka,1 Toshiaki Kikuchi,3 Koichiro Watanabe,4 Levent Alev,1 Masaru Mimura3 1Biomedicine, Medicines Development Unit Japan, Eli Lilly Japan K.K, Kobe, Japan; 2Statistical Science, Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Japan; 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 4Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Purpose: To investigate associations among depression severity, painful physical symptoms (PPS, and social and occupational functioning impairment in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD who had achieved complete remission (CR or partial remission (PR after acute treatment.Patients and methods: This was a 12-week, multicenter, prospective, observational study. Patients with MDD treated with an antidepressant medication for the previous 12 weeks (±3 weeks who had achieved CR (defined as a 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D17] score ≤7 or PR (HAM-D17 score ≥8 and ≤8 were enrolled. Depression severity, PPS, and impairment in social and occupational functioning were assessed using the HAM-D17, the Brief Pain Inventory (Short Form (BPI-SF, and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS, respectively, at enrollment (Week 12 and after 12 weeks (Week 24.Results: Overall, 323 Japanese patients with MDD were enrolled (CR n=158, PR n=165 and 288 patients completed the study (CR n=139, PR n=149. HAM-D17 and SOFAS scores were strongly and negatively correlated at enrollment (Week 12; P<0.0001 and Week 24 (P<0.0001. A weak negative correlation between the BPI-SF and SOFAS was observed at Week 24 (P=0.0011, but not at enrollment (P=0.164. Remission status at enrollment (CR or PR was associated with achieving normal social and occupational functioning (SOFAS score ≥80 at Week 24 in patients who had not achieved normal social and occupational functioning (SOFAS score <80 at

  8. Residual symptoms in patients with partial versus complete remission of a major depressive disorder episode: patterns of painful physical symptoms in depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harada E

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Eiji Harada,1 Yoichi Satoi,2 Toshiaki Kikuchi,3 Koichiro Watanabe,3 Levent Alev,1 Masaru Mimura4 1Medical Science, Medicines Development Unit-Japan, 2Statistical Science, Medicines Development Unit-Japan, Eli Lilly Japan K.K., Kobe, Hyogo, 3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Kyorin University School of Medicine, 4Department of Neuropsychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Objective: The patterns of residual painful physical symptoms (PPS and emotional symptoms among patients with partial remission (PR or complete remission (CR of a major depressive disorder (MDD episode were compared. Methods: This is a multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study. Patients who had originally been diagnosed with MDD, were treated with an antidepressant for 12 weeks for that episode, and achieved either PR or CR at study entry were enrolled in the study. Using the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D17, PR was defined as a score of ≥8 and ≤18 and CR as a score of ≤7. Residual symptoms were assessed using the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF and the HAM-D17.Results: A total of 323 patients (CR =158, PR =165 were included in the study. Patients in the PR group had a higher mean (standard deviation score in the HAM-D17 than those in the CR group (11.8 [3.1] and 4.4 [2.0], respectively. BPI-SF results showed that “at least moderate PPS” (score ≥3 on BPI-SF question 5 was significantly more prevalent among patients with PR than those with CR (37.0% vs 16.5%, respectively; odds ratio =3.04; P<0.001. Presence of pain (any severity was also more prevalent among patients with PR than those with CR (54.5% vs 35.4%, respectively. The HAM-D17 results for individual items indicated that impaired work and activities, depressed mood, psychological and somatic anxiety, and general somatic symptoms were observed in at least 75% of patients with PR.Conclusion: PR was associated with a higher prevalence of at least moderate PPS

  9. THE HANDBOOK OF BLENDED LEARNING:Global Perspectives, Local Designs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Alev ATES

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available THE HANDBOOK OF BLENDED LEARNING:Global Perspectives, Local Designs Curtis J. Bonk (ed. and Charles R. Graham (ed., Jay Cross (Foreword,Micheal G. Moore Foreword ISBN: 978-0-7879-7758-0 Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Pfeiffer Pages: 624 March 2006.Reviewed by Alev ATESPhD Student at Curriculum and Instruction,Lecturer at Computer Education and Instructional Technologies,Faculty of Education, Ege University, Izmir, TURKEYBlended learning or blended e-learning sounds like aconfusing term at first since it is relatively a new term fortoday‘s instructors. However, Moore reports that it can betraced as far back as the 1920s which was called ―supervisedcorrespondence study‖. For clarification of the term ―blendedlearning‖ and informing the instructors about its commonpractices worldwide, the book provides readers a comprehensive resource about blended learning. It aims to raise awareness of adopting BL from institutional perspectives of many chapter authors from Australia, Korea, Malaysia, the UK, Canada and South Africa who are distinguished people mostly in instructional technology era. With this book, I guess the editors aim at both showing the big picture at macro level and present micro level examples which provide details of blended learning applications among their strengths and weaknesses. As introduced in the book, one ofthe editors Curtis J. Bonk, a former corporate controller and CPA, is now professor of educational psychology as well as instructional systems technology at Indiana University; the other editor Charles R. Graham is an assistant professor of instructionalpsychology and technology at Brigham Young University with a focus on technologymediated teaching and learning.The book is of eight parts including 39 chapters besides two forewords. Therefore, theorganization of this review is considered to take a holistic view for each parts while emphasizing the original and/or impressive aspects that chapter authors provided

  10. The effect of metals on condition and pathologies of European eel (Anguilla anguilla): in situ and laboratory experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteve, Consuelo; Alcaide, Elena; Ureña, Rocio

    2012-03-01

    Forty-nine wild eels (Anguilla anguilla) caught in the Albufera Lake (Spain), measuring 24.0-75.0 cm in length and 25.0-637.7 g in weight, were examined for metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se and Zn), condition (CI and HSI indices), as well as for diseases (Anguillicola infestation; bacterial infections). Total metal load significantly increased in eel liver tissue parallel to total length and body weight (log), while silvering females (W(B) > 200 g; L ≥ 500 mm) exhibited the highest amounts of Co, Cu, Hg, Se and Zn. Diverse effects may be expected in these big eels due to long-term metal exposure. In fact, IMBI (individual mean (multi-metal) bioaccumulation index) and copper load (Ln) in particular, were significantly related with a decrease in the HSI, reflecting lower eel fitness. In addition, most silvering females (75%) showed a CI below 0.2, and this size group presented the highest prevalence of chronic diseases, at significant levels, that are non-lethal in the short term, but degenerative in the long term. Amounts of hepatic iron were not correlated with eel size; however, a significant, strong negative correlation between this metal (Ln) and HSI and CI was found for wild eels suffering from diseases of any aetiology. This also included small eels (W(B) <67 g; L < 350 mm), as this size group presented a significant prevalence of acute diseases caused by single virulent bacterial pathogens (i.e. Edwardsiella tarda and Vibrio vulnificus biotype 2). To assess the effect of metals on susceptibility to disease, yellow eels were maintained and exposed to iron, copper, and pathogens, in captivity under laboratory conditions. Co-exposure of eels to iron (9 μg of Fe/g of fish) and bacterial pathogens by intraperitoneal injection (IP), yielded a hundred-fold reduction in the LD50 of all bacteria assayed (i.e. E. tarda, V. vulnificus, and motile Aeromonas), and also the time taken to cause eel death. Short-term aqueous exposure of eels to 0.4, 0.7, 1.7 and

  11. The future of pain pharmacy: driven by need

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atkinson TJ

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Timothy J Atkinson, Alev H Gulum, William G Forkum Veteran Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Murfreesboro, TN, USA Background: Opioid prescribing has increased by ~400% over the past 20 years in the US and has been correlated with dramatic increases in accidental overdose-related deaths. Emerging evidence of serious dose-dependent side effects of opioid analgesics has led to recommendations from multinational pain societies and governments to decrease opioid doses and increase referrals to pain specialists. Demand for pain specialists of all types has increased; however, training programs for health care professionals struggle to satisfy this need. Objective: The purpose of this article is to highlight the role of clinical pharmacy specialists in pain management and to discuss available residency training programs and subspecialties within each program. Methods: We surveyed all eleven accredited pharmacy postgraduate year two (PGY-2 Pain and Palliative Care Residency programs in the US. Program information was derived from interviews with residency directors, current residents, program brochures, and residency Web sites. Data collected included core, elective, and longitudinal rotations, with the time frame dedicated to each experience. Primary practice areas, as well as inpatient vs outpatient focus, were also documented. Additionally, a review of the available literature was completed to determine the areas in greatest need for future pain specialists. Results: Pharmacy pain specialists have been referenced as highly effective additions to interdisciplinary pain management teams. Pharmacists provide expertise in complex pain medication management, which remains the primary focus of most chronic pain encounters. The PGY-2 programs surveyed differ considerably, with the majority providing significant emphasis to either acute pain management or palliative care with brief or limited exposure to chronic pain management. Four of the eleven

  12. Importance of the motivational climates of the other significatives on sport behaviours in Young athletes Relevancia de los climas motivacionales de los otros significativos sobre los comportamientos deportivos en jóvenes deportistas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. R. Gómez

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    The main aim of this study is to examine the interactive effects among motivational climates of the other significatives regarding sportsmanlike behaviour of youth athletes belonged to team sports, as well as assess the differences among the several categories of those participants. The sample is formed by 1070 male and female athletes affiliated in different team sports (basketball, handball, football and volleyball. The instruments assessed perceived motivational climate in peers, perceived motivational climate in coaches, parents` participation and sportsmanlike. The statistical techniques were descriptive analyses, reliability analysis, bivariate correlations, lineal regression analysis and analyses of variance. Results revealed a positively significant relationship between player’s perception of mastery climate of the other significatives with respect to sportsmanlike behaviour, as well as performance climate of the other significatives regarding maladaptative behaviour. Finally, we highlight that promote a mastery climate can led to more sportsmanlike behaviour in players, as well as it will decrease maladpatative behaviour in the game. 
    Key Words:  sportpersonship, motivational climate, other significants, team sports.

     

    El principal objetivo del estudio era examinar las relaciones entre los climas motivacionales de los otros significativos con los comportamientos de deportividad de jugadores de deportes colectivos en edades de iniciación, así como analizar las diferencias existentes entre las diversas categorías. La muestra estaba formada por 1070 deportistas de ambos sexos federados en categorías alevín, infantil y cadete en diferentes deportes colectivos. Los instrumentos utilizados medían el clima motivacional percibido en los iguales, el clima motivacional de los entrenadores, la

  13. ANÁLISIS DEL COMPROMISO DEPORTIVO DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DE LA TEORÍA DE AUTODETERMINACIÓN, EN JÓVENES FUTBOLISTAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. M. Leo

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    El principal objetivo del estudio era comprobar las relaciones existentes entre las necesidades psicológicas básicas y el nivel de autodeterminación, respecto al compromiso deportivo que manifiestan jóvenes jugadores de fútbol. La muestra de la investigación estaba formada por 809 jugadores de fútbol, de género masculino y con edades comprendidas entre los 11 y 16 años (M = 13.25; DT = 1.78, es decir, pertenecían a categorías alevín, infantil y cadete. Los instrumentos utilizados medían las necesidades psicológicas básicas, la motivación autodeterminada en la práctica deportiva y el compromiso deportivo. Las técnicas utilizadas fueron los análisis descriptivos, el análisis de fiabilidad, las correlaciones bivariadas y el análisis de regresión lineal. Los resultados mostraron una relación positiva y significativa entre las necesidades psicológicas básicas y el nivel de autodeterminación con el compromiso deportivo Así, se puede afirmar que un alto nivel de autodeterminación va a estar relacionado con un mayor compromiso con la práctica deportiva, y por contra niveles más bajos de autodeterminación están asociados a un menor compromiso con el deporte. Como conclusión, se puede destacar que se deberán fomentar en los jóvenes jugadores unos motivos de práctica centrados en el disfrute y el placer de la propia actividad como medio de obtener una práctica deportiva duradera y con un alto grado de compromiso deportivo.
    Palabras Clave: motivación, autodeterminación, compromiso, diversión, fútbol

     

    ABSTRACT

    The main aim of this study is to examine the relationships between the three psychological needs and self-determination level regarding sport commitment in young football players

  14. from Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur dEMİRAY

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Greetings Dear readers of TOJDE,TOJDE is appeared on your screen now as Volume 12, Number: 3. In this issue it is published 5 notes for Editor, 16 articles, 1 book review. And this time, 33 authors from 10 different countries are placed. These published articles are from Bangldesh, Ghana, India, Iran, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and USA.The first Notes for editor arrived from USA, written by Kevin YEE and Jace HARGIS. They focused on Web site does not offer a way on its main page to restrict searches only to Creative Commons licenses. They mentioned that while Google Images does many functions extremely well, this search Web site does not offer a way on its main page to restrict searches only to Creative Commons licenses. There is a setting on the Advanced Search page for “reuse” licenses (not precisely the same concept as Creative Commons, provided users remember to check this before performing any search. Before restricting the setting, a search for the term “tiger” yielded 48 million results. After restricting Google Images just to “reuse” results, only 14,000 webpages were identified for the term “tiger”.The second notes for editor is titled as “Self-Efficacy Beliefs, Achievement Motivation and Gender as Related to Educational Software Development” which is written by Alev ATES from Ege University, Faculty of Education, Computer Education and Instructional Technologies Department, Bornova, Izmir, TURKEY. The aims of her to investigate preservice computer teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and achievement motivation levels for educational software development before and after the “Educational Software Design, Development and Evaluation (ESDDE” course.“The Effects of The Interactive White Board Usage On The Students’ Learning Level And An Application in The Financial Markets Courses” is the third paper for “Notes for Editor” section of TOJDE’s in this issue. It has written by Yasemin

  15. From Editor vol 11, No.4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2010-10-01

    determine the characteristics in effective and successful online and/or face-to-face instructors. Survey information was divided into five categories and provided very different information. Although this was a limited study, it provided valuable information that instructors cannot view teaching both online and face to face classes as one-fits all type approach. Two books and a conference are reviewed in this issue. The first book was about Learning And Instructional Technologies For The 21st Century Leslie Moller, Jason Bond Huett and Douglas M. Harvey (Eds. and reviewed by Reviewed by Reviewed by Alev ATES, Ege University, Izmir, TURKEY. She summarized that the book helps closing a gap in the instructional technology research for the 21st century with many implications from case studies and experimental studies with students and teachers. A Conference o n An International Symposium On The New Vista Education System Of Open, Distance And E-Learning is reviewed by A. Q. M. Bazlur RASHID, Bangladesh Agricultural University, BANGLADESH International Symposium on Open, Distance and E-Learning held at Discovery Kartika Plaza Hotel at Bali, Indonesia by hosted by ICT Centre for Education, Ministry of National Education of the Republic Indonesia was a unique forum for scientific expositions on the progress of development and implementation on the fast-growing ICT global network, especially in the field of open, distance and e-learning. The second book is about “Educational Technology In Practice Research and Practical Case Studies from the Field” edited by Edited by Wanjira KINUTHIA and Steward MARSHALL and reviewed by Ozden SAHIN-IZMIRLI, Computer Education and Instructional Technology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, TURKEY. The editors stated that when technological tools are used to establish an effective and productive study process in education, the concept of learning technology is used instead of educational technology. The editors of the book considers the

  16. From Editor vol 11, No.3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2010-07-01

    taught by the same teacher, in which there were 79 2nd, 3rd and 4th grade university students, in central city of Diyarbakır in Turkey. An experimental research design including the electrostatic achievement test (EAT, the electrostatic concept test (ECT, physics attitude scale (PAS and self-efficacy perception scale (SEPS was applied at the beginning and at the end of the research as pre-test and post-test. After the treatment, general achievement in EAT increased (P<0.05, but not all of subgroup. Difference between pre-test and post-test both knowledge and application levels of cognitive domain was found significant (P<0.05, but not in comprehension level. This result showed that using CAI7E in teaching electrostatic topic was very effective for physics student teachers already learned this topic in several physics course to reach knowledge and application levels of cognitive domain. Two books are reviewed in this issue. The first one is about THE BLENDED LEARNING BOOK: Best Practices, Proven Methodologies and Lessons Learned written by Josh Bersin and reviewed by Reviewed by Reviewed by Alev ATES, Ege University, Izmir, TURKEY The book starts with the introduction section explaining Internet based learning adventure and e-learning evolution. He defines Blended Learning (BL as the combination of different training “media” (technologies, activities, and types of events to create an optimum training program for a specific audience. Afterwards, Bersin presents us history of BL by asking “How did we get here?”.The second one is about “THE PERFECT ONLINE COURSE: Best Practices for Designing and Teaching” edited by Edited By Anymir Orellana, Terry L. Hudgins, & Michael Simonson and reviewed by Cengiz Hakan AYDIN, Anadolu University, Eskisehir TURKEY. The book, entitled as The Perfect Online Course: Best Practices for Designing and Teaching is also trying to establish a list of standards about how to design and implement an effective online course. The main goal

  17. From the Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2009-10-01

    environmentally aware individuals. It is taught that television is a good and the best media and educational tool in an environmental education to a targeted group that has fairly high ratio of television watching habits contrary to reading habits. So, what can be the properties of an environmental education program?Four books are reviewed in this issue. The first one is about belogs to me and my colleague Dr. N. Serdar Sever. The book is titled as THE CHALLENGES FOR MARKETING DISTANCE EDUCATION IN ONLINE ENVIRONMENTAn Integrated Approach reviewed by Reviewed by Natalija LEPKOVA, from Lithuania. The book is purposed of role of marketing and to understand trends in the field and customer needs in a global marketplace. In this case the customers are students and they could be called as a “kings” of the market. This is a challenge with online learning because the field is in a constant state of development. Marketing online education programs is becoming more of a necessity as global competition increases. To be on time and in a right place­­­-this is the target of distance learning marketing. The second one about “Economics of Distance and Online Learning Theory, Practice and Research” By William BRAMBLE & Santosh PANDA. The book points to directions for the further research and development in this area, and will promote further understanding and critical reflection on the part of administrators, practitioners and researchers of distance education. The experiences and perspectives in distance education in the US are balanced with those in other areas of the world.The third book review reviewdd by Alev ATES, Ege University, Izmir, TURKEY, on “The Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs”. She mentioned concluded that, “The Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs” is a quite comprehensive reference with the contributions of prominent experts in instructional technology and a helpful handbook for those who wish to

  18. Dergilerden Özetler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mete Korkut Gülmen

    1997-10-01

    .\tKalıntıların kimliklendirmeye uygun fotoğrafları (yüzün önden ve yandan görünümleri b.\tKesiler. 1. Üst taraf kesisi: Bir kulak tragusundan diğerine nasal çentiği içine alacak şekilde. 2. Alt taraf kesisi. Alt çene kemiğinin çene ucu çıkıntısından (pıotuberentia mentalis'başlar. Her iki yanda alveoler çıkıntılar boyunca kemik alt kenarına parelel arkaya doğru devam edip alt çene kolunu (ramus mandíbula geçince sonlanır. 3- Yan kesiler: Alt çene kolunu geçip sonlanan alt kesi uçları ile kulak tragusları hizasındaki üst kesi uçları her iki yanda da birleştirilirler. c.\tDudak ve yanak dokuları dikkatlice çıkartılır. Bu işlem alev ve ısının yapmış olduğu değişiklikler nedeni ile zor olacaktır. d.\tM.pterygoideus medialis, alt çene eklem çıkıntısı (processus condylaris ve temporomandibular eklemin kapsül bağlarının kesilmesi. e.\tAlt ve üst diş kemerinin incelenmesine ve olgunun fotoğraflarının çekilmesine izin verecek şekilde alt çene kemiğini çekerek ağız içi boşluğun açılması. f.\tAğız içinde bulunan protezlerin, çıkabilen oı- todontik/ortopedik aletlerin ve herhangi bir yabancı cismin çıkarılması. g.\tAğzın diyagramda gösterilmesi. h.\tŞekil anomalileri, diş pozisyonu ve boyutlarının tanımlanması. i.\tOklüzyon tipinin diyagramda gösterilmesi. j. Gerekli ise, üst ve alt çene kemiklerinin in situ oklüzyal radyografilerinin çekilmesi. k. Alt çene kemiğinin orijinal pozisyonuna konularak ağzın kapatılması. 1.\tCesedin yüz görünümünü koruyacak şekilde önceden çıkartılan yumuşak dokuların yerine konması. m. Protez, ortopedik ve ortodontik aletlerin tanımlanması . Diğer özellikleri yanında bu aletlerin üretiminde kullanılmış materyal ve plan tipi göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır. n. Toplanan bilgi aileden ve ölenin diş hekiminden alınan veriler ile karşılaştırılmalıdır. İKİ GENÇ KARDEŞİN KLİNİK ve TOKSİKOLOJİK BİLGİLERİ ve BİRKAÇ DEFA