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Sample records for al retiro laboral

  1. Ajuste al retiro laboral en función del tipo de retiro y su voluntariedad desde una perspectiva de género

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kristina Potocnik

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo examinamos el ajuste al retiro laboral, examinando la satisfacción con la jubilación y bienestar psicológico en una muestra de 260 prejubilados y jubilados. Se consideraron tres factores: el tipo de retiro (prejubilación o jubilación, la percepción de la medida en que la salida del rol laboral fue voluntaria (voluntariedad y el género. Los resultados muestran que las personas que se jubilaron y que lo hicieron voluntariamente perciben mayores niveles de satisfacción con la jubilación y bienestar psicológico en comparación con los que se prejubilaron y aquellos que lo hicieron obligatoriamente, respectivamente. Además se puso de manifiesto la interacción entre las variables consideradas en sus efectos sobre la satisfacción y el bienestar. En esta línea, entre los obligatoriamente prejubilados, las mujeres experimentan menor nivel de satisfacción con la jubilación que los hombres. Sin embargo, entre los obligatoriamente jubilados, son los hombres los que experimentan menor nivel de satisfacción con la jubilación. En relación a dichos resultados, el presente trabajo subraya la importancia de estudiar e intervenir sobre la mejora del ajuste en la experiencia del retiro laboral atendiendo tanto a las características de género como a las del proceso de transición (jubilación-prejubilación, voluntariedad-obligatoriedad.

  2. RETIRO LABORAL Y AJUSTE A LA JUBILACIÓN DE HOMBRES Y MUJERES EN LA MEDIANA EDAD

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    Roxana Cruz Meléndez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación aplicada cuyo objeto de estudio fue un grupo de hombres exfuncionarios y mujeres exfuncionarias del área administrativa de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR que se encuentran en la etapa de vida denominada "la mediana edad" y que enfrentan el proceso trabajo-retiro laboral. El estudio consistió en identificar los principales factores que inciden en el retiro laboral a una edad más temprana; la viviencia del proceso, el ajuste a la jubilación y sus implicaciones a nivel personal y social. La información recopilada se obtuvo a partir de la técnica "la entrevista fenomenológica" concebida como una exploración profunda que proporciona datos de gran valor conceptual y humana; en ella, tanto la persona que entrevista como la entrevistada mantienen un compromiso para que la búsqueda de la información sea dentro de una relación empática. Partiendo de lo subjetivo por su historia de vida al mandato social por lo roles asignados y asumidos por la población en estudio. Los resultados obtenidos indican que pareciera que la valoración que cada uno de los participantes hace de su rol laboral y el significado del trabajo en sus vidas es determinante en el proceso de retiro laboral y su ajuste al rol de persona jubilada.

  3. RETIRO LABORAL Y AJUSTE A LA JUBILACIÓN DE HOMBRES Y MUJERES EN LA MEDIANA EDAD

    OpenAIRE

    Roxana Cruz Meléndez

    2011-01-01

    En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación aplicada cuyo objeto de estudio fue un grupo de hombres exfuncionarios y mujeres exfuncionarias del área administrativa de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR) que se encuentran en la etapa de vida denominada "la mediana edad" y que enfrentan el proceso trabajo-retiro laboral. El estudio consistió en identificar los principales factores que inciden en el retiro laboral a una edad más temprana; la viviencia del proceso, el ajuste ...

  4. RETIRO LABORAL Y AJUSTE A LA JUBILACIÓN DE HOMBRES Y MUJERES EN LA MEDIANA EDAD (WORK RETIREMENT AND ADJUSTMENT TO RETIREMENT OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE MIDDLE-AGED

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    Cruz Meléndez Roxana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:En este artículo se presentan los resultados de una investigación aplicada cuyo objeto de estudio fue un grupo de hombres exfuncionarios y mujeres exfuncionarias del área administrativa de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR que se encuentran en la etapa de vida denominada “la mediana edad” y que enfrentan el proceso trabajo-retiro laboral. El estudio consistió en identificar los principales factores que inciden en el retiro laboral a una edad más temprana; la viviencia del proceso, el ajuste a la jubilación y sus implicaciones a nivel personal y social. La información recopilada se obtuvo a partir de la técnica “la entrevista fenomenológica” concebida como una exploración profunda que proporciona datos de gran valor conceptual y humana; en ella, tanto la persona que entrevista como la entrevistada mantienen un compromiso para que la búsqueda de la información sea dentro de una relación empática. Partiendo de lo subjetivo por su historia de vida al mandato social por lo roles asignados y asumidos por la población en estudio. Los resultados obtenidos indican que pareciera que la valoración que cada uno de los participantes hace de su rol laboral y el significado del trabajo en sus vidas es determinante en el proceso de retiro laboral y su ajuste al rol de persona jubilada.Abstract: This article presents the results of applied research study that was aimed at a group of men and women, former administrative staff of the University of Costa Rica that are in the stage of life called middle age and facing work-retirement process work. The study consist in identify the main factors affecting the removal from work at a younger age, the experiencing process, adjustment to retirement and its implications for personal and social level. Information collected was obtained from the technique "the phenomenological interview “conceived as a deep exploration that provides valuable data conceptual and human, in her interview both

  5. Contribución de la participación comunitaria al desarrollo local de San Luis del Nuevo Retiro, Jaén, 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz Rivadeneira, Insolina Raquel

    2015-01-01

    Investigación de tipo cualitativa con abordaje metodológico estudio de caso, tuvo como objetivos describir, analizar y discutir la contribución de la participación comunitaria al desarrollo de San Luis del Nuevo Retiro. Las bases conceptuales son participación comunitaria según OPS (1993), el modelo de sentido de comunidad McMillan y Chavis (1986), enfermería comunitaria de acuerdo a Gofin J, Gofin R (2012) y desarrollo local según Velásquez (1998). Para la recolección de datos se utilizó la ...

  6. Regimen de reinserción laboral y empresarial e incentivos por retiro voluntario en la Ley 16.736

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    Juvenal Javier

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El Régimen de Reinserción Laboral y Empresarial puede decirse que es novedoso en nuestro país, pero no en otros países del Continente. En la República Argentina se han adoptado diversas soluciones para obtener la reinserción laboral de los trabajadores del ámbito público, tendientes a eliminar o amortiguar los efectos que podrían provocarse en la economía y en el índice de desempleo, como ser: el otorgamiento de subsidios y de asistencia técnica para los trabajadores cesados que conformen microempresas; o incentivos a aquellas empresas del sector privado que ocupen a los trabajadores cesados en su empleo público y, como última variante, la recolocación o reasignación en el propio sector estatal. (...

  7. Relaciones entre factores sociodemográficos, motivación hacia el retiro temprano y satisfacción en la vida postlaboral: análisis exploratorio en una muestra prejubilados españoles

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    Juan José Fernández

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La prejubilación es una experiencia heterogénea en lo referente tanto a la forma en que se produce la salida laboral como a sus posteriores consecuencias personales y psicosociales. Con el objetivo de conocer la relación entre variables sociodemográficas, motivos de la salida organizacional temprana, y ajuste a la vida postlaboral se administró una adaptación del Retirement Satisfaction Inventory (Floyd et al., 1992 a una muestra de 638 prejubilados españoles con una media de edad de 61.28 años. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados mediante ANOVA. Con respecto a la motivación hacia el retiro, las mujeres tienen más intereses en aceptar la oferta de retiro temprano que los hombres, mientras que estos señalan haber experimentado más problemas de salud y presiones organizacionales. Los prejubilados con un mayor nivel formativo presentan un mayor interés en el retiro temprano, y los prejubilados con mayor nivel profesional mantienen una mayor satisfacción con el retiro. Conocer las relaciones entre características sociodemográficas, motivación hacia el retiro temprano y satisfacción en la vida post-laboral es un primer paso necesario para desarrollar análisis más complejos sobre las experiencias de prejubilación.

  8. Del Derecho laboral al Derecho del trabajo

    OpenAIRE

    Jaramillo Jassir, Ivan Daniel

    2011-01-01

    El Derecho Laboral hijo de la revolución industrial, calificado como el acontecimiento jurídico del siglo XX, reduce su ámbito de estudio al trabajo subordinado. Los cambios del sistema de producción superan la centralidad del contrato de trabajo subordinado a tiempo indeterminado, situación que demanda ampliación del ámbito de aplicación subjetivo y objetivo de la materia, dando paso al Derecho del Trabajo que se ocupa del trabajo en todas sus modalidades como fuente de ingreso para satisfac...

  9. Flexiseguridad, derecho al trabajo y estabilidad laboral

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    Carlos Blancas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Flexisecurity, right to work and labor stabilityThis article deals with one of the most recent and innovative proposals of related flexibilization, basically, to the extinction of labor relation and that areknown as «flexisecurity» or «flexicurity». For this, the author comments the model of Denmark – country in which it’s originated «flexisecurity» – emphasizing the configuration of a «golden triangle», composed of: i flexibility in the labor relation, aimed at facilitating the dismissal ii a generous system of unemployment benefits, funded primarily by the State and iii a new policy of «activation» of the labor market, which seeks to keep large sectors of the population permanently trained to meet new labor challenges. The author emphasizes the difference between our country and Denmark, since it is a Welfare State with a high level of social protection funded by a fiscal pressure and high tax rates. Finally, the article notes that for the study of «flexisecurity» it shouldn’t ignore the legal framework derived from workers’ fundamental rights established in the Constitution and international treaties which imply: right to work, dignity and citizenship of the worker and Trade Union Freedom and Collective Rights

  10. La Decisión de Retiro en una Universidad Pública

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    Juan Manuel Izar Landeta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se ha efectuado esta investigación con el personal que labora en la Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, para indagar los factores que influyen en su decisión de retiro. Los hallazgos son: el factor más importante es su sistema jubilatorio, siendo también importantes su estado de salud, su situación económica y el ambiente laboral. La institución deberá implementar medidas pertinentes para incentivar la permanencia del personal, ya que esto representa un alivio a la carga financiera que significa pagar salarios de retiro a un número creciente de jubilados, quienes además viven ahora un número mayor de años.

  11. Nuestra labor de mirar al otro

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Saborío, Natalia

    2016-01-01

    El estudio etnográfico que dio origen al libro que hoy presentamos, se tituló la "Etnografía del cambio educativo en el ámbito de la investigación social". Una de sus misiones fue buscar al otro, entendiéndose el otro, de aquí en adelante como director, directora, docentes, niños y niñas y padres de familia de la escuela #1, como la llamamos en la investigación antes citada.

  12. El retiro temporal a lo largo del curso vital: contexto, regulación y consecuencias

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    Alfredo Alfageme

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo repasamos brevemente, en primer lugar, los contextos histórico y teórico recientes en lo relativo al envejecimiento y al retiro. En segundo lugar, esbozamos algunas variantes en cuanto a las posibilidades de regulación del retiro temporal, destacando las propuestas que suponen una superación de la jubilación definitiva. Por último, discutimos algunas consecuencias posibles, individuales y sociales, de una eventual implantación de esta nueva forma de regulación de los tiempos de trabajo y retiro a lo largo de toda la vida adulta de las personas, considerando tanto el bienestar individual y familiar como las consecuencias sobre el gasto público.Firstly, this article briefly reviews the recent historic and theoretical contexts related to ageing and retirement. Secondly, it outlines some variants in terms of the possibilities of regulating temporary retirement and highlights proposals that involve overcoming full-time retirement. Finally, it discusses some of the possible individual and social consequences of the provisional implementation of this new form of regulating working and retirement times throughout adulthood by considering the individual’s and the family’s well-being, as well as the effects that this regulation may have on government spending.

  13. Retiro y autogestión del usuario en almacenes de cadena con directorio activo

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    Juan F. Hincapié Z.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Los almacenes de cadena son organizaciones en donde el personal es numeroso, diverso, de alta rotación y alto retiro; además la gran variedad de negocios que tienen tales organizaciones, hacen que posean muchas aplicaciones a las cuales muchos usuarios deben ingresar y en la mayoría de veces éste acceso se vuelve administrativamente costoso. Por tanto se hace necesario el establecimiento de un procedimiento informático (administración de usuarios que permita al propio usuario gestionar sus contraseñas y que además le permita a la organización controlar la desactivación automática de los accesos al momento del retiro (terminación de contrato del usuario. Para lograr esto existen variedad de herramientas en el mercado que satisfacen dicha necesidad, pero su implementación y soporte es demasiado costoso; por eso este artículo pretende mostrar algunos conceptos importantes y la manera en que otras herramientas y metodologías pueden realizar un adecuado proceso de autogestión y retiro del usuario en los almacenes de cadena a un menor costo.

  14. La reforma del proceso laboral en Uruguay. El regreso al proceso laboral autónomo

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    Hugo Fernández

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The reform of the labor process in Uruguay. The return to the autonomous labor processThe reform of the Uruguayan labor process and the return to an autonomous legal regime represent a radical and fundamental change in the national legislation. The simplicity of new procedural structures governed by principles and owns norms of labor discipline give the new regime a dogmatic autonomous space lost for many years. The procedural labor reform is built on the adjectival character of its nature prioritizing the substantive law and adjusting the procedural rule to its characteristics. The principles of Labor Law (substantive and procedural are the foundation of the new regime

  15. 2013. Condiciones para el retiro y el desafío de la longevidad en México

    OpenAIRE

    Gustavo Leal Fernández

    2014-01-01

    El artículo destaca cuatro grupos de grandes evidencias sobre las precarias condiciones de retiro que enmarcan al IMSS e ISSSTE y SSA, así como los efectos de una inquietante Jurisprudencia dictada por la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (SCJN) en el 2010. Revisando las reformas 2008 y 2011 al ISSFAM, el trabajo culmina examinando la poco optimista propuesta de reforma para instaurar un sistema de seguridad social universal -acompañado ahora con una lesiva Nueva Ley Federal del Trabaj...

  16. Retraits anticipés du marché du travail : entre désir et nécessité Voluntary early retirement: Between desires and necessities Retiros anticipados del mercado laboral : Entre deseo y necesidad

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    Nathalie Burnay

    2008-11-01

    , intentaremos determinar los perfiles de los trabajadores que se ven tentados por un retiro anticipado : cuales son las lógicas sociales que permiten diferenciar ese deseo de retiro, repartido de un modo desparejo en la población ? En un segundo tiempo, analizaremos las razones principalmente invocadas por los trabajadores para justificar su retiro de la vida activa en forma anticipada : razones relacionadas con su estado de salud, razones profesionales (trabajo físico demasiado pesado, cargas psico-sociales, horarios de trabajo y razones de índole privada.Este artículo se basa en datos recabados en 2005 a partir de una muestra de 812 trabajadores, repartidos en doce sectores de actividad diferentes de Bélgica.

  17. Voluntary early retirement: Between desires and necessities Retraits anticipés du marché du travail : entre désir et nécessité Retiros anticipados del mercado laboral : Entre deseo y necesidad

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    Nathalie Burnay

    2008-11-01

    , intentaremos determinar los perfiles de los trabajadores que se ven tentados por un retiro anticipado : cuales son las lógicas sociales que permiten diferenciar ese deseo de retiro, repartido de un modo desparejo en la población ? En un segundo tiempo, analizaremos las razones principalmente invocadas por los trabajadores para justificar su retiro de la vida activa en forma anticipada : razones relacionadas con su estado de salud, razones profesionales (trabajo físico demasiado pesado, cargas psico-sociales, horarios de trabajo y razones de índole privada.Este artículo se basa en datos recabados en 2005 a partir de una muestra de 812 trabajadores, repartidos en doce sectores de actividad diferentes de Bélgica.

  18. Barreras al acceso a la justicia en el acoso laboral

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    Adriana Camacho Ramírez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, la Ley 1010 de 2006 normativiza la corrección, prevención y sanción de las conductas de acoso laboral. A pesar de la ley, en la práctica se hace poco efectivo el acceso a la justicia para las víctimas de conductas de hostigamiento en el trabajo, como se evidencia de las pocas denuncias y pocos fallos sancionatorios. En este artículo de reflexión se analizan las barreras jurídicas y materiales que impiden acceder a la justicia en los casos de mobbing cuyos resultados hacen parte del proyecto “Prácticas de acoso laboral, y su forma de resolución jurídica en Colombia” llevado a cabo por investigadores de sociología y jurisprudencia de la Universidad del Rosario.

  19. Barreras al acceso a la justicia en el acoso laboral

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    En Colombia, la Ley 1010 de 2006 normativiza la corrección, prevención y sanción de las conductas de acoso laboral. A pesar de la ley, en la práctica se hace poco efectivo el acceso a la justicia para las víctimas de conductas de hostigamiento en el trabajo, como se evidencia de las pocas denuncias y pocos fallos sancionatorios. En este artículo de reflexión se analizan las barreras jurídicas y materiales que impiden acceder a la justicia en los casos de mobbing cuyos resultado...

  20. La inteligencia emocional aplicada al mundo laboral emotional

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno Lucena, ??lvaro

    2013-01-01

    La inteligencia emocional es uno de los aspectos clave para desenvolverse en el mundo laboral y lograr el ??xito en lo personal, acad??mico y profesional, pero estas competencias y habilidades no son innatas, sino que se pueden trabajar y mejorar. En nuestro sistema educativo se est?? insertando en los ??ltimos tiempos la educaci??n emocional de los alumnos que ayude a desarrollar estas caracter??sticas en los estudiantes, pero todav??a no es suficiente ya que sigue demasiado enfocada hacia e...

  1. Reformas al sistema de seguridad social y el mercado laboral en los Estados Unidos y Canadá

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    José A. Pagán

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio evalúa el efecto en el mercado laboral de las reformas más recientes que se han propuesto o aplicado a los sistemas de seguridad social delos Estados Unidos y Canadá. Los cambios demográficos experimentados por ambos países en años recientes representan desafíos importantes para la solvencia financiera de los sistemas públicos de pensiones. Es inevitable que en un futuro no muy lejano los beneficios tendrán que disminuir, la edad de jubilación se incrementará o los impuestos de nómina tendrán que aumentar para que los sistemas sean viables financieramente. Los cambios demográfi - cos también indican que los esquemas de privatización serán más populares en el futuro porque no redistribuyen el ingreso entre generaciones sino simple mente son más bien esquemas de ahorro obligatorio para el retiro.

  2. Cobertura de los sistemas de pensiones y factores asociados al acceso a una pensión de jubilación en México

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murillo-López, Sandra; Venegas-Martínez, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Resumen Objetivos: obtener estimaciones de indicadores de cobertura de las pensiones por jubilación o retiro para la población mexicana de 65 y más años, y evaluar el impacto que tienen los sistemas de pensiones en las transiciones al retiro de los adultos en edades medias y avanzadas en México. Para ello se utilizan datos microeconómicos provenientes de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento. Mediante análisis econométrico se identifican los factores sociodemográficos, económicos, laborales e institucionales que están asociados al acceso a una pensión de jubilación, o bien, a la dependencia de otras fuentes de ingresos. Se encontró que, en México, las transiciones al retiro del mercado de trabajo en las etapas avanzadas del ciclo de vida son limitadas debido a las características eminentemente contributivas de los esquemas de pensiones, los cuales favorecen a la población con trayectorias laborales formales y más estables asociadas a: características de género, oportunidades educativas y posibilidades de inserción en el mercado laboral. PMID:27524936

  3. Nuevas noticias sobre las pinturas para el Real Palacio del Buen Retiro realizadas en Italia (1633-1642

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    Simal López, Mercedes

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The location of new documents concerning the commissions by the Count-Duke of Olivares of various series of paintings for the decoration of the Buen Retiro Palace from the Marquis of Castel-Rodrigo, Spanish Ambassador to Rome, and the Count of Monterrey, Viceroy of Naples, between 1633 and 1642, have allowed for: the specification of the chronology and the contents of the different shipments; the confirmation of the role of Gaspar de Guzmán as coordinator of the entire commission; the knowledge of the kind of instructions exchanged between Philip IV’s favorite and Spanish diplomats in Italy; and the identification of the emplacement of some of the works, such as the Saint John the Baptist cycle, intended to decorate the Oratory of the Palace.

    La localización de nuevos documentos relativos a los encargos de varias series de pinturas por parte del conde-duque de Olivares para la decoración del palacio del Buen Retiro al marqués de Castel Rodrigo, embajador en Roma, y al conde de Monterrey, virrey de Nápoles, entre 1633 y 1642 han permitido precisar la cronología y el contenido de los distintos envíos que se realizaron, ratificar la identidad de don Gaspar de Guzmán como coordinador de todo el encargo, conocer el tipo de instrucciones que intercambiaron el valido de Felipe IV y los representantes diplomáticos en Italia, e identificar el destino de algunas obras, como las del ciclo de San Juan Bautista, destinadas a decorar el oratorio del palacio.

  4. Cáncer de laringe y exposición laboral al amianto

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    A. Borin Mario

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Es conocido el riesgo para la salud que supone la exposición laboral a las fibras del amianto. El cáncer de laringe debido a la inhalación de polvo de amianto está incluido en el anexo II del RD 1299/2006. Hasta la fecha los estudios epidemiológicos realizados han obtenido resultados controvertidos con respecto a dicha asociación. Objetivos: Identificar las últimas evidencias científicas de la asociación entre la exposición laboral al amianto y el cáncer de laringe, conocer el riesgo de presentar cáncer de laringe acorde a la frecuencia de exposición al amianto e identificar el tipo de cáncer de laringe más frecuente en relación a dicha exposición laboral. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática de artículos de evidencia científica recolectados de distintas bases de datos (Medline, OSH, Scopus, IBECS, ILO realizando una búsqueda bibliográfica por descriptores MeSH (cáncer de laringe, exposición laboral, exposición ocupacional, asbesto de artículos publicados entre 1999 y 2014, en humanos, artículos originales exclusivamente, con un tamaño muestral mayor de 30, en castellano, inglés, francés, italiano y portugués. Se excluyeron estudios duplicados, estudios no originales y estudios de prevalencia sin grupo control. Posterior a esto se realizó una lectura sistemática evaluando el nivel de evidencia de los estudios con los criterios SIGN. Resultados: Se recolectaron 107 artículos a través de la búsqueda bibliográfica, tras aplicar criterios de inclusión/exclusión se seleccionaron un total de 6 artículos (4 estudios caso-control, 1 estudio de cohortes y 1 meta-análisis. De estos, 2 estudios de caso-control y el estudio de cohortes obtuvieron una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la exposición laboral al amianto y el cáncer de laringe. El meta-análisis sugiere asociación, aunque sin obtener significación estadística, mientras que los 2 restantes estudios de caso

  5. ÉLABORATION ET CARACTERISATION DE REVETEMENT DURES TI-AL ET TIALN.

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    H BERKANE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Ce travail porte sur l’étude des revêtements durs de Titane-aluminium et les nitrures Titane-aluminium, ces revêtements sont élaborés par PVD. Des films de TiAl et leurs nitrures ont été préparés par pulvérisation RF. L’influence de l’épaisseur des films et des recuits thermiques ont été effectués pour différentes températures pour étudier la stabilité des films élaborés. L’influence des paramètres de dépôt sur des propriétés mécaniques et structurales, telles que la structure, les contraintes résiduelles a été  également étudiées. L’analyse EDS des films Ti-Al révèle la présence d’oxygène dans les films. L’épaisseur des films Ti-Al augmente avec le temps de dépôt. Par contre, l’épaisseur des films diminue avec le taux d’azote. Au MEB, cet effet de l’azote est matérialisé, sur une coupe transversale où l’épaisseur des films Ti-Al-N est bien inférieure à celle des couches Ti-Al. Des essais au scratch-test montrent que le dopage favorise  l’adhérence des revêtements Ti-Al.

  6. Aproximación cualitativa al estudio de la subjetividad laboral en profesionales colombianos

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    Johnny Javier Orejuela Gómez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Describir la comprensión del sentido atribuido al trabajo por parte de profesionales que participan activamente del mercado laboral colombiano, actualmente afectado por un conjunto de significativas transformaciones que permiten caracterizarlo como fragmentado, precario, inestable e inseguro, de manera general. Se aborda la subjetividad en el trabajo desde la perspectiva del sentido atribuido al trabajo como actividad socioeconómica a partir del análisis de las representaciones asociadas al trabajo, la centralidad atribuida a éste como actividad social, las normas sociales asociadas a la práctica laboral, los valores laborales introyectados y asumidos. Método. Estudio cualitativo descriptivo-interpretativo, basado en entrevistas en profundidad a seis trabajadores profesionales con diferentes tipos de contratación, de las ciudades de Cali y Bogotá, Colombia. Resultados. Los datos obtenidos permitieron comprender que los profesionales hacen una valoración positiva del trabajo y lo asumen como una actividad social con sentido de autoexpresión y de desarrollo personal que, en jerarquía social, es sólo superado por la familia, y que es asumida con un sentido profundo del compromiso, la calidad y el mejoramiento; del cual esperan un trato respetuoso y una remuneración equitativa. Conclusiones. El trabajo es una actividad social, con un valor más que instrumental, pues representa posibilidades de realización personal y profesional; se asume como una virtud social: la laboriosidad, en el cual son más preponderantes, en su valoración subjetiva, los aspectos intrínsecos que los extrínsecos.

  7. El régimen disciplinario del personal laboral al servicio de las Administraciones Públicas

    OpenAIRE

    Campal Martínez, Ángel Mariano

    2015-01-01

    El objeto de la presente tesis es el estudio del régimen disciplinario del personal laboral al servicio de las distintas Administraciones Públicas –AAPP- en España. El Estatuto Básico del Empleado Público –EBEP- como norma básica del empleo público español ha emprendido de manera contenida el camino de la unificación del régimen jurídico de los empleados públicos en un entorno en el que los Estados más o menos cercanos a nuestro modelo tienden a la unificación de las pautas de comportamiento ...

  8. El efecto del alfabetismo financiero en el ahorro para el retiro en México.

    OpenAIRE

    F. Alejandro Villagómez; Alayn González

    2014-01-01

    En este trabajo analizamos si es posible incrementar el ahorro para el retiro por medio de alfabetismo financiero en México. Con información de la Encuesta Nacional de los Niveles de Vida de los Hogares 2005 (ENNVIH-2) construimos un índice de alfabetizo financiero siguiendo la metodología propuesta por Atkinson y Messy (2012) que considera tres factores: conocimiento, actitudes y comportamiento financiero. Nuestros resultados sugieren que el alfabetismo financiero tiene un impacto positivo e...

  9. Condiciones de trabajo, fatiga laboral y bajo peso al nacer en vendedoras ambulantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández-Peña Patricia

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Este trabajo tipifica las condiciones demográficas, socioeconómicas, laborales, de fatiga laboral y daño reproductivo en una población femenina en edad fértil que trabaja en la venta ambulante en las calles de la Ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se entrevistaron 426 vendedoras ambulantes. Se describió a la población entrevistada y se exploró la asociación de los componentes de la fatiga laboral con el bajo peso al nacer (BPN mediante regresión logística, en un subgrupo de mujeres que laboraron en la venta ambulante durante su última gestación. Resultados. De las mujeres entrevistadas, 56% realiza jornadas de trabajo superiores a las 48 horas semanales, 87% carece de seguridad social y 68% tiene estudios no mayores de primaria. El riesgo de presentar BPN se eleva cuando se carece de control sobre la cantidad de mercancía a vender (RM 6.5, IC95% 1.3-31, se venden artículos de ocasión como refacciones y ornamentos (RM 6.3, IC95% 1.5-26, se exhibe la mercancía sobre el piso o se carga para su venta (RM 7.7, IC95% 1.8-32, y cuando los recursos para instalar el puesto por primera vez no proceden de la red social de apoyo de la vendedora (RM 7.4, IC95% 1.2-44. Conclusiones. Estos resultados contribuyen a identificar a las vendedoras con mayor riesgo de presentar un hijo con BPN, y sugerir medidas preventivas.

  10. El personal laboral al servicio de las administraciones públicas

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández López, Virginia

    2014-01-01

    El personal laboral de la Administración Pública es un tipo más de empleado público que presta servicios para las mismas. Además, éstos pueden ser de tres tipos: trabajador laboral fijo, trabajador laboral temporal y trabajador laboral indefinido. Esta tipología de personal se rige, en primer lugar por el EBEP y de forma subsidiaria se deberá acudir a la legislación laboral y demás normas convencionales. Los trabajadores laborales gozan de los mismos derechos que el personal funcionarial, con...

  11. PROBLEMAS ÉTICOS DEL RETIRO O LIMITACIÓN DE TRATAMIENTO VITAL EN UNIDADES DE CUIDADOS INTENSIVOS

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    Mónica Rincón Roncancio

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La medicina crítica atraviesa sus mejores momentos. Como afirma Gracia, "los cuidados intensivos han alcanzado su mayoría de edad". Nadie cuestiona dichos adelantos para pacientes que eran considerados hace relativamente poco como desahuciados. Sin embargo, también da algo de vértigo el cambio que se ha logrado en el manejo de la muerte de dichos pacientes: el tránsito de una muerte "natural" a una muerte "gobernada por el hombre". En este contexto cobran nuevo sentido conceptos como eutanasia, distanasia, futilidad, calidad de vida, muerte digna y, de manera especial, el concepto de retiro o limitación de tratamiento vital (LET. El presente artículo de reflexión analiza los problemas éticos que se generan al implementar los protocolos de LET en las unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI. El artículo está dividido en cuatro partes: 1. Distinciones terminológicas; 2. formas de aplicación de la LET; 3. LET en casos especiales: pediatría y personas con discapacidad, y 4. los problemas éticos específicos de la LET.

  12. Metabolic syndrome prevalence in El Retiro, Colombia Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en El Retiro, Colombia

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    Mónica María Toro L.

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetive: to establish the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components using ATPIII criteria in the urban population of El Retiro, located in the Antioquia department, in the northwestern region of Colombia. Materials and methods: 381 subjects were evaluated from the total population older than 20, by means of a random conglomerate sampling. A systematic interview was answered, and records of blood pressure taken in the right arm in sitting position, weight in kilograms, height in centimeters and circumference of waist and hip were taken. In 365 subjects, glycemia, total cholesterol, triglicerides and HDL cholesterol were determined in the fasting state. LDL cholesterol was determined using the Fridewald formula. The statistical analysis was made using EPI-INFO and STATA 6.0, with significant p value < 0.05. Results: for each one of the factors, the prevalence adjusted to age was as follows: hyperglycemia (Glycemia>110 mg/dl or previous diabetes 12.5%, hypertriglyceridemia (TG>150 mg/dl 32.16%, low HDL cholesterol (<40 mg/dl 38.87%, hypertension (BAP>130/85 mmHg or previous hypertension 48.58%, waist circumference (M>102 cm, F>88 cm 27.6%. The age adjusted prevalence of the metabolic syndrome, using the criteria of ATP III because of the presence of three or mores of its components was 23.64%. Conclusions: there is a high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in El Retiro, Antioquia. Due to its impact in the health of the general population and because the cornerstone of its treatment is weight loss and increased physical activity, these activities should be proposed to reach therapeutically goals. Objetivos: establecer la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico y sus componentes en la población urbana del municipio de El Retiro, localizado en el departamento de Antioquia, noroccidente de Colombia utilizando los criterios del ATP III. Materiales y Métodos: del total de la población mayor de 20 años mediante un muestreo aleatorio por

  13. COMPROMISO ORGANIZACIONAL, ESTRÉS LABORAL, DISPOSICIÓN AL CAMBIO Y SASTIFACIÓN CON EL TRABAJO

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    Antonio Lameda

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo indaga relación que determinadas característica disposicionales de los empleados tales como: compromiso organizacional, percepción del estrés laboral y disposición al cambio tiene con la sastifación laboral. A tal fin, a una muestra 123 empelados de una organización se aplicaron las escalas: COMTRA, ETRA, FLEXAPER, SATRA. Los datos aportados fueron procesados a través de un modelo de regresion lineal múltiples, cuyo valor F=16.75 p < 0.0001, fue indicador de que el modelo fue valido para explicar la satisfación laboral como una función de las tres variables independientes analizadas, cuyo aporte a la varianza de las sastifaciones con el trabajo fue del 36.2 %.

  14. La respuesta laboral al neoliberalismo en Colombia: el contexto político

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    Mauricio Cárdenas Piñeros

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo corresponde a uno de los capítulos de la tesis doctoral de autor titulada Neoliberalism and the Labor Movement in Colombia actualmente en elaboración para la Universidad de Denver. Argumenta que para entender las estrategias desarrolladas por el sindicalismo contemporáneo en Colombia para responder al neoliberalismo es necesario establecer el contexto político de los últimos 30 años. Según el autor, los ciclos de represión e integración del movimiento sindical han generado en los últimos años un espacio político para que el sindicalismo canalice sus respuestas dentro del marco de la nueva Constitución de 1991. El aprovechamiento de este espacio en combinación con acciones de confrontación ha puesto límites a la implantación unilateral de un modelo neoliberal en Colombia, particularmente en cuanto a la privatización de las entidades estatales de mayor peso. Paradójicamente, los promotores del neoliberalismo se han visto obligados a avanzar su proyecto entregando espacios políticos que han sido utilizados por sectores como el sindical para cuestionar dicho proyecto. La debilidad histórica del sindicalismo, agudizada por la profundización del neoliberalismo, ha sido contrarrestada por ciertos sectores del sindicalismo estatal como se reseña en este artículo.

  15. Estrés psicosocial laboral como factor de riesgo para las complicaciones de la gestación y el bajo peso al nacer

    OpenAIRE

    Marrero Santos, María de Lourdes

    2014-01-01

    Para determinar el efecto del estrés psicosocial laboral en la aparición de complicaciones en la gestación y el bajo peso al nacer se realizó un estudio de cohorte prospectivo en el municipio “10 de Octubre” en La Habana a 521 trabajadoras y 429 amas de casa. El estrés psicosocial laboral se evaluó mediante los modelos Demanda-Control de la Tensión Laboral, Desbalance Esfuerzo-Recompensa y Dinamismo de la Personalidad. El trabajo constituyó un factor de riesgo para el bajo peso al nacer al co...

  16. EL AHORRO PARA EL RETIRO. Una reflexión para México

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    F. Alejandro Villagómez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde hace tiempo existe una señalada preocupación entre académicos y autoridades en muchos países sobre si los individuos están realizando el ahorro necesario para su fase de retiro. La evidencia empírica muestra que en los países desarrollados no es así, y lo mismo indica la poca evidencia disponible para países en desarrollo. En este trabajo se hace una revisión de la literatura teórica sobre este tema, en particular del modelo de ciclo de vida, así como de otros planteamientos que contribuyen a explicar el fenómeno. Se hace hincapié en el caso mexicano y para ello se ofrece la escasa evidencia disponible sobre el ahorro para el retiro de su población y se muestra que éste no es adecuado en la mayoría de los casos. Se concluye con algunas reflexiones útiles para diseñar políticas públicas que permitan enfrentar este problema

  17. Retiro de sonda de pleurostomía con succión negativa continua versus instalación de sonda con sello de agua, al término de cirugía cardiovascular cerrada en niños

    OpenAIRE

    Heladia Josefa García; Ricardo Villalpando-Canchola; Luis Ramírez-Meléndez; Octavio Herrera-Verdugo; Joaquín Rodolfo Zepeda-Sanabria; Mario Franco-Gutiérrez; Carlos David González-Lara

    2006-01-01

    Objetivo: identificar la frecuencia y tipo de complicaciones, así como tiempo de estancia hospitalaria, en niños con cirugía cardiovascular a quienes se les dejó sonda de pleurostomía con sello de agua en el posoperatorio y a quienes se les retiró bajo succión continua al término de la toracotomía. Material y métodos: se realizó estudio descriptivo, comparativo y retrospectivo en el Hospital de Pediatría, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. Se estudiaron 88 niños sin sonda (grupo I) y 42 con so...

  18. Evolución de la afiliación al SGSSS en Colombia, informalidad laboral y desempleo

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    Francisco J. Pérez Torres

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En adición a las particularidades sociodemográficas en que se centran los estudios sobre los determinantes de la afiliación al sistema de salud, en este trabajo se incorporan en el análisis las características heterogéneas del mercado laboral, con el propósito de evaluar específicamente cuál es el impacto sobre la probabilidad de estar afiliado o no a un determinado régimen de salud, de variables como la informalidad, la condición de desempleo, la incapacidad laboral permanente de una persona, el tipo de contratación, el tamaño de la empresa según número de empleados, etc. Puesto que la afiliación al Sistema General de Seguridad Social en Colombia está segmentada en tres alternativas, sin orden alguno definido, la cuestión se reduce a modelar la probabilidad de que la persona tome una decisión y elija una de ellas; por tanto, con la información de la ECV de 1997 y de 2003, en el documento se analizan, mediante modelos multinomiales tipo logit, los hechos estilizados y la evolución de la probabilidad de afiliación al régimen subsidiado y la probabilidad de no afiliación.

  19. Condiciones de trabajo, fatiga laboral y bajo peso al nacer en vendedoras ambulantes Working conditions, labor fatigue and low birth weight among female street vendors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Hernández-Peña

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Este trabajo tipifica las condiciones demográficas, socioeconómicas, laborales, de fatiga laboral y daño reproductivo en una población femenina en edad fértil que trabaja en la venta ambulante en las calles de la Ciudad de México. Material y métodos. Se entrevistaron 426 vendedoras ambulantes. Se describió a la población entrevistada y se exploró la asociación de los componentes de la fatiga laboral con el bajo peso al nacer (BPN mediante regresión logística, en un subgrupo de mujeres que laboraron en la venta ambulante durante su última gestación. Resultados. De las mujeres entrevistadas, 56% realiza jornadas de trabajo superiores a las 48 horas semanales, 87% carece de seguridad social y 68% tiene estudios no mayores de primaria. El riesgo de presentar BPN se eleva cuando se carece de control sobre la cantidad de mercancía a vender (RM 6.5, IC95% 1.3-31, se venden artículos de ocasión como refacciones y ornamentos (RM 6.3, IC95% 1.5-26, se exhibe la mercancía sobre el piso o se carga para su venta (RM 7.7, IC95% 1.8-32, y cuando los recursos para instalar el puesto por primera vez no proceden de la red social de apoyo de la vendedora (RM 7.4, IC95% 1.2-44. Conclusiones. Estos resultados contribuyen a identificar a las vendedoras con mayor riesgo de presentar un hijo con BPN, y sugerir medidas preventivas.Objective. This study presents the demographic, socioeconomic profile, working conditions and labor fatigue among fertile age street vendors in Mexico City. Material and methods. 426 female street vendors were interviewed in Mexico City. This population was described and the association between the components labor fatigue and low birth weight (LBW was analyzed by logistic regression in a subgroup of women who worked as street vendors during their last pregnancy. Results. Of the interviewed group, 56% works more than 48 h per week, 87% had no social security, and 68% only had primary school level. The risk of LBW

  20. Gênero e culturas infantis: os clubinhos da escola e as trocinhas do Bom Retiro Gender and children's culture: school clubinhos and the trocinhas of Bom Retiro

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    Tânia Mara Cruz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo trata de gênero e culturas infantis, entrecruzando os clubinhos das séries iniciais, analisados em pesquisa feita em uma escola do bairro de Pinheiros, São Paulo, em 2001, e as trocinhas do Bom Retiro, estudadas por Florestan Fernandes em 1942. Na busca de aspectos microestruturais e do efeito dessas interações na construção de diferentes significados de gênero, emergiram questões como: em que medida tais agrupamentos conseguiam estabelecer espaços de autonomia perante o mundo adulto?; elaboravam relações de gênero próprias de uma cultura infantil?; quais eram os pontos centrais sobre os quais se desenrolava a trama das relações de gênero em cada tempo e lugar? A partir da etnografia, foram produzidos 28 registros de campo do recreio de 1ª a 4ª série. Apenas nas 3as e 4as séries assistiu-se a quarenta aulas de cinquenta minutos (de educação artística e educação física, e foram entrevistados 29 meninos e 26 meninas. Ora segregadores ora agregadores, observou-se que os clubinhos (mistos ou de mesmo sexo eram o modo como as crianças geriam suas relações, fosse para permitir grupos mistos sem conflito, fosse para manter o distanciamento entre os sexos de modo pacífico. Este estudo contribui para trazer à tona um pouco das culturas infantis em seu protagonismo relacionado ao gênero e possibilita a caracterização da escola como espaço contraditório, que pode desenvolver ações de suporte às crianças para ampliação de suas experiências.This study deals with gender and children's cultures, crossing the initial series clubinhos, analyzed in a research done at school in the Borough of Pinheiros in São Paulo in 2001 with the trocinhas of Bom Retiro studied by Florestan Fernandes in 1942. In the search for microstructural aspects and for the effect of these interactions in the construction of different meanings of gender, questions emerged such as: to what extent do these groups manage to establish

  1. Factores asociados al estrés laboral en policías penitenciarios costarricenses

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    Tatiana María Blanco-Álvarez

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar si una muestra de policías penitenciarios, en Costa Rica, experimenta estrés laboral y si está relacionado con la presencia de estrés, depresión, ansiedad, burnout y otras características personales y ocupacionales. Además, se determina si hay diferencias entre hombres y mujeres con respecto a la presencia de tales factores. La Escala de Depresión, Ansiedad y Estrés (DASS, la Escala de Estrés Laboral para Oficiales Correccionales (EELOC, y el Cuestionario Breve de Burnout (CBB fueron administrados a 66 oficiales correccionales de diferentes prisiones en Costa Rica. Conclusiones: El estrés laboral está significativamente relacionado con la presencia de estrés, ansiedad y depresión, pero no relacionado con la presencia de burnout. No se encontraron diferencias entre hombres y mujeres en ninguna variable. Es importante saber cómo el ambiente de trabajo afecta las vidas de los oficiales con el fin de mejorar las condiciones de trabajo que podrían tener efectos negativos sobre el desempeño en el trabajo y la salud, así como proporcionar información para los psicólogos policiales, que están a cargo de proveer servicios clínicos y de consejería a los oficiales correccionales.

  2. Plan de retorno al trabajo tras baja laboral por motivos de salud mental

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    Carmen Otero Dorrego

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los autores, siguiendo las recomendaciones internacionales, revisamos la situación actual en nuestro medio y proponemos unas líneas generales de actuación, para asegurar una adecuada reincorporación laboral de la persona, la adaptación del puesto de trabajo (desempeño de tareas, interacción del trabajador con equipos y lugares de trabajo, etc. y el correcto funcionamiento de la organización. Con ello se pretende evitar situaciones de estigmatización y favorecer la adaptación del trabajo a la persona.

  3. Significados asociados al futuro laboral: entre la formalidad y la informalidad

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    María Claudia Peralta Gómez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Esta investigación analizó los significados que, desde la subjetividad y en un contexto de grandes transformaciones sociales y laborales, le otorgó un grupo de trabajadores de diferentes condiciones socioeconómicas a su futuro laboral. Método. Se realizaron 30 entrevistas autobiográficas a personas en edad de trabajar y con diferentes niveles ocupacionales y sociodemográficos. Se llevó a cabo un análisis de contenido de los datos recogidos y mediante la herramienta Atlas Ti. Resultados. Se encontraron categorías y relaciones que permitieron concluir que los trabajadores significan su futuro laboral desde trabajos independientes como formas de enfrentar la incertidumbre, las desigualdades y como resistencia ante las prácticas de gestión humana de jefes autoritarios y gran cantidad de horas de trabajo. Conclusión. Se recomienda la revisión de las formas de trabajar en las empresas y las políticas de desarrollo social actual.

  4. Water management of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid; Control de la calidad del agua de estanques urbanos recreativos. Ensayos en el Estanque Grande del Retiro y el Lago de la Casa de Campo (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romo Perez, S. [Universidad de Valencia (Spain); Benito Igualador, E. [Ayuntamiento de Madrid (Spain); Becares Mantecon, E. [Universidad de Leon (Spain)

    1998-07-01

    The effects of aluminium sulphate on the water quality of the Retiro and Casa de Campo lakes in Madrid during 1992 and 1993 are reported. Results revealed that this technique improved water quality only for short term periods. The technique mostly reduced nutrients concentrations, but resulted almost inefficient for micro algal control. Some guidelines are given in order to get long-term results for water management of urban lakes. (Author) 15 Refs.

  5. Rescate y organización del Archivo Central del Servicio de Retiros y Pensiones de las FFAA

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    Liliana Gargiulo Silvariño

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Los fondos documentales militares son los producidos por un órgano o institución militar en el ejercicio de sus funciones. Están integrados por el conjunto de documentos que se conservan orgánicamente desde que se inicia la tramitación hasta su guarda permanente.Este trabajo se centra en una breve descripción del proceso de rescate y organización del Archivo Central del Servicio de Retiros y Pensiones de las Fuerzas Armadas.La muestra catalográfica que se presenta contiene documentación seleccionada del fondo documental del Servicio de Retiros y Pensiones de las Fuerzas Armadas comprendida entre los años 1853 a 1911.

  6. exposición al sulfuro de hidrógeno en un accidente laboral

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    S Nogué

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Un varón de 49 años de edad presentó una intoxicación aguda por sulfuro de hidrógeno mientras realizaba tareas de mantenimiento en una industria de refinado de hidrocarburos, sin utilizar ningún tipo de equipo de protección individual. A los seis meses de la intoxicación presenta secuelas neurológicas irreversibles de tipo cerebeloso y cognitivo, reuniendo además criterios diagnósticos del síndrome de fatiga crónica. El paciente ha quedado en una situación de invalidez absoluta para cualquier tipo de actividad laboral. Se destacan los aspectos preventivos de las intoxicaciones por sulfuro de hidrógeno, ya que ocasionan un número elevado de casos mortales y los pacientes que sobreviven pueden quedar con secuelas neurológicas irreversibles.

  7. Aplicación del modelo de violencia laboral de Chappell y Di Martino adaptado al usuario hospitalizado

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    Sara Barrios-Casas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La violencia es un fenómeno que involucra a seres humanos en diversas circunstancias y entornos, afectando la salud, el desarrollo social y económico de sectores de la población y a instituciones sanitarias.Investigación cuantitativa descriptiva correlacional transversal, cuyos objetivos fueron: validar los factores del modelo de Chappell y Di Martino en los usuarios hospitalizados, medir la violencia que estos perciben hacia ellos y construir una escala para medir violencia en el contexto hospitalario. La muestra no probabilística estuvo conformada por 510 usuarios hospitalizados durante el 2008, a quienes previo consentimiento informado se les aplicó el instrumento, que fue confeccionado y validado por las autoras. Entre los resultados se encontró que al aplicar la escala de percepción de violencia, el 100 % de los usuarios manifestaron percibir violencia en las diversas dimensiones. Las variables significativas en la percepción de violencia fueron: edad, sexo, previsión, situación laboral, ingreso familiar, calidad de atención, antecedentes de violencia en la adultez, consumo de alcohol, agente agresor, recursos humanos y físicos. Se concluye que el modelo interactivo de violencia laboral de Chappell y Di Martino tiene aplicación en los usuarios en ambientes hospitalarios, ya que las variables que componen los factores también se presentan en estos contextos de salud.

  8. Phenological evaluation of three apple cultivars at Bom Retiro – SC, Brazil

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    Ana Frederica Latorre

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available This work was conducted in a single apple orchard, located in Bom Retiro, Santa Catarina, in order to make a phenological assessment of the Imperatriz, Imperial Gala and Fuji cultivars planted there and their relationships with the physical conditions provided by the orchard together with the pollination and fruit production taking place. Seven plants from each cultivar were selected at random for the purpose of measuring the average length of the stems that had achieved up to 1.5m in height from the level of the soil, the numbers of reproductive and vegetative stems, the lengths of the leaves, and the numbers of flowers which were classified according to their stage of development. The averages were compared by Tukey test (5%. The cultivar that was utilized for pollination (Imperatriz showed early production, but the flowering coincided little with that of the other productive cultivars. However, these characteristics could have been greatly influenced by ambient conditions, considering this cultivar’s production history before its use as the pollinizing cultivar. For remedial purposes, techniques could be employed to synchronize the flowering, and appropriate management would be capable of increasing the populations of pollinating agents to help the effective fertilization.

  9. La relación entre la irritación laboral y la adicción al trabajo en una muestra española multiocupacional

    OpenAIRE

    MERINO TEJEDOR, ENRIQUE; Universidad de Valladolid; Boada-Grau, Joan; Universitat Rovira i Virgili; Prizmic-Kuzmica, Aldo Javier; Escuela de Alta Dirección y Administración (Barcelona)

    2013-01-01

    El trabajo tiene connotaciones positivas, pero también puede ser un escenario donde se presentan riesgos que pueden desarrollar aspectos negativos. Esta investigación trata de profundizar en la relación existente entre dos conceptos del escenario laboral: la irritación laboral con sus dos dimensiones, irritación cognitiva y emocional, y la adicción al trabajo. Hasta la fecha se han llevado a cabo investigaciones sobre cada uno de estos conceptos en su relación con otras variables, pero no hay...

  10. Servidores públicos del estado con especial protección constitucional. Políticas de prevención del daño antijurídico en relación con su retiro del servicio

    OpenAIRE

    Fajardo Urrea, Claudia Bolena

    2015-01-01

    El retiro del servicio de los empleados públicos aparece como una facultad reglada en las normas del empleo público que, cuando se da alguna de las hipótesis legales que lo hacen procedente, facultan al nominador para ejercer sus atribuciones legales, persiguiendo, ante todo, razones del servicio: su mejora, renovación, eficiencia y moralidad, entre otras. El problema jurídico a resolver con el presente trabajo se plantea a partir del concepto de una buena administración del Estado, estab...

  11. Inducing labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labor induction; Pregnancy - inducing labor; Prostaglandin - inducing labor; Oxytocin - inducing labor ... threaten the health of you or your baby. Oxytocin may also be started after a woman's labor has started, but her contractions have not been ...

  12. "El ojo del amo engorda al ganado": Estrategias de control y disciplinamiento de la fuerza laboral Strategies of Control and Labor Discipline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Inés Giniger

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las empresas han debido sofisticar sus estrategias de control y disciplinamiento laboral. Para esto han conformado verdaderos Sistemas Corporativos a partir de los cuales ponen en marcha políticas empresariales tendientes a la gestión de la fuerza de trabajo y a la difusión doctrinaria. Estos Sistemas Corporativos se configuran en una relación conflictiva entre los procesos globales y locales. El proceso desarrollado por la empresa siderúrgica Acindar para la consolidación de su Sistema Corporativo permite ver de qué forma estas tensiones se expresan y el alcance de dicho sistema.The companies have had more sophisticated strategies of control and labor discipline. For this, they have made real Corporate Systems from which they develop business policies in managing the work force and dissemination of doctrine. These Corporate Systems are configured in a conflicting relationship between global and local processes. The process developed by the steel company Acindar to consolidate its Corporate System allows us to see how these tensions are expressed and the range of that system.

  13. Tablas de vida para cálculo actuarial de rentas vitalicias y retiro programado. Costa Rica circa 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rosero Bixby

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las tablas completas de mortalidad de Costa Rica del periodo 1995- 2000 y se describe el procedimiento seguido en su estimación. Este procedimiento incluye una evaluación detallada de la información básica, especialmente de los errores censales de declaración de la edad entre los adultos mayores. Predominan los errores de exageración de la edad, los cuales inflan la población de edades avanzadas, especialmente de los 80 años en adelante. Por ejemplo, la población de 95 años y más de edad del censo está inflada en 22%. Las tablas de vida incluyen una extrapolación de la mortalidad para edades mayores de 100 años. Con una muestra de alrededor de 7 mil adultos mayores se determina que el patrón de mortalidad de los derecho-habientes de pensión es menor que el de la población general. La esperanza de vida al nacer de hombres y mujeres resultó de 74,6 y 79,4 años, respectivamente y a la edad 60 fue de 20,6 y 23,2 años, respectivamente, en toda la población de Costa Rica, y de 22,0 y 25,3 años entre los derecho-habientes de pensión. Para tomar en cuenta la disminución de la mortalidad que probablemente ocurrirá en el futuro en Costa Rica se recomienda usar la tabla de vida proyectada para 2020-25. Se seleccionó este periodo porque la esperanza de vida a la edad 65 es muy parecida a la estimada para la cohorte de nacidos en 1940, la cual se considera representativa de quienes se pensionarán en el corto y mediano plazo. Se presenta la tabla completa de 2020-25, corregida por la menor mortalidad de los derecho-habientes, para que sea utilizada en el cálculo actuarial de pensiones vitalicias y retiro programado en el periodo 2000-5. La esperanza de vida a la edad 60 en esta tabla resultó de 23,6 para los hombres y 26,8 para las mujeres, es decir, unos tres años más altas que las estimadas para la población de Costa Rica 1995-2000. Se recomienda actualizar estas estimaciones cada 5 años.

  14. Tablas de vida para cálculo actuarial de rentas vitalicias y retiro programado. Costa Rica circa 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosero-Bixby, Luis

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las tablas completas de mortalidad de Costa Rica del periodo 1995-2000 y se describe el procedimiento seguido en su estimación. Este procedimiento incluye una evaluación detallada de la información básica, especialmente de los errores censales de declaración de la edad entre los adultos mayores. Predominan los errores de exageración de la edad, los cuales inflan la población de edades avanzadas, especialmente de los 80 años en adelante. Por ejemplo, la población de 95 años y más de edad del censo está inflada en 22%. Las tablas de vida incluyen una extrapolación de la mortalidad para edades mayores de 100 años. Con una muestra de alrededor de 7 mil adultos mayores se determina que el patrón de mortalidad de los derecho-habientes de pensión es menor que el de la población general. La esperanza de vida al nacer de hombres y mujeres resultó de 74,6 y 79,4 años, respectivamente y a la edad 60 fue de 20,6 y 23,2 años, respectivamente, en toda la población de Costa Rica, y de 22,0 y 25,3 años entre los derecho-habientes de pensión. Para tomar en cuenta la disminución de la mortalidad que probablemente ocurrirá en el futuro en Costa Rica se recomienda usar la tabla de vida proyectada para 2020-25. Se seleccionó este periodo porque la esperanza de vida a la edad 65 es muy parecida a la estimada para la cohorte de nacidos en 1940, la cual se considera representativa de quienes se pensionarán en el corto y mediano plazo. Se presenta la tabla completa de 2020-25, corregida por la menor mortalidad de los derecho-habientes, para que sea utilizada en el cálculo actuarial de pensiones vitalicias y retiro programado en el periodo 2000-5. La esperanza de vida a la edad 60 en esta tabla resultó de 23,6 para los hombres y 26,8 para las mujeres, es decir, unos tres años más altas que las estimadas para la población de Costa Rica 1995-2000. Se recomienda actualizar estas estimaciones cada 5 años.

  15. El impacto de la estructura de las redes sociales sobre el acceso de los individuos al mercado laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Valdecasas, José Ignacio

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This work attempts to analyse the effect of social networks structure on the access to the labour market for individuals through the diffusion of information which takes place in such networks (an aspect of social capital. For that purpose, it combines agent-based modelling and social network analysis in order to carry out virtual experiments with artificial networks. The results show that not only the type of structure (small world, free scale networks, random networks and regular networks, but also certain structural properties such as the density of network, the index of globalization in links or the degree of inequality in the distribution of links affect deeply on the opportunities of agents in order to achieve employment.Este trabajo pretende analizar el efecto de la estructura de las redes sociales sobre el acceso de los individuos al mercado laboral a través de la difusión de la información que tiene lugar en dichas redes (un aspecto del capital social. Para realizar tal análisis, se ha llevado a cabo una serie de experimentos virtuales con redes artificiales, utilizando para ello la simulación basada en agentes y el análisis de redes sociales. Los resultados muestran que no solo el tipo de estructura (mundos pequeños, redes de libre escala, redes aleatorias y redes regulares, sino también ciertas propiedades estructurales como la densidad de red, el índice de globalización de vínculos o el grado de desigualdad en la distribución de vínculos influyen considerablemente sobre las oportunidades de los agentes de conseguir empleo.

  16. Manifestaciones del acoso laboral, mobbing y síntomas asociados al estrés postraumático: estudio de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Claudia Peralta Gómez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe los factores asociados al acoso laboral, entendido como una situación de trabajo en la que una persona se encuentra expuesta a actos en contra de su dignidad. Se presenta un estudio de caso, de carácter exploratorio, a partir de entrevistas en profundidad realizadas a personas que han vivenciado acoso laboral. A partir del análisis cualitativo de la información, los resultados señalan que la exposición al acoso laboral genera síntomas asociadas con el estrés postraumático: re experimentación, activación fisiológica y evitación. Se propone el estudio de estas situaciones en mayor profundidad y se concluye que una de las formas de apoyo a las víctimas empieza con la comprensión que puedan lograr a partir de narrar su experiencia y de entenderla como una situación violenta en el lugar de trabajo, asociada a los enfoques de productividad y competencia.

  17. Análisis del clima laboral y adaptación al cambio organizacional del personal adscrito al Plan Nacional de Vigilancia Comunitaria por Cuadrantes de la Policía Metropolitana de Santiago de Cali

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Tesis (Maestría en Gerencia del Talento Humano). Universidad de Manizales. Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, 2014 Este proyecto, se enmarco en la implementación del modelo de gestión humana, en la Policía Nacional y tiene como finalidad correlacionar las características entre el clima laboral y la adaptación al cambio, del personal adscrito al Plan Nacional de Vigilancia Comunitaria por Cuadrante de la Policía Metropolitana de Santiago de Cali (MECAL). El proyecto se realizó dent...

  18. Incapacidades laborales: problemas en la reinserción al trabajo Work-related disabilities and workers' difficulties in rejoining the labor market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana F. Sampaio

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio transversal se evalúan los factores asociados con la probabilidad de reincorporación al trabajo de los trabajadores incapacitados permanentes para la profesión habitual por accidente de trabajo. La muestra la forman los casos atendidos por el Centro de Rehabilitación Profesional (CRP de Belo Horizonte, Brasil, en 1995. Se analiza el hecho del trabajador ser aceptado o no en el programa, así como la posterior reinserción laboral mediante modelos logit. Respecto al primer, los factores más influyentes fueron la edad, la presencia de Lesiones por Esfuerzo Repetitivo (LER y el nivel de estudios. Analizado el resultado del programa, se observa que los hombres jóvenes de alta escolarización son los que tienen mayor probabilidad de reinserción laboral (90,9%. Existe una incongruencia respecto a la admisión de los trabajadores y el resultado del programa: para su admisión, el trabajador debe cumplir un perfil exigido por el mercado en lo que se refiere a la edad y al nivel de estudios; los portadores de LER cumplen estos criterios y, sin embargo, son los que con mayor dificultad se reincorporan al trabajo. Se observa, así mismo, una discriminación laboral clara hacia las mujeres, a pesar del hecho que las mismas presentan iguales condiciones de edad o de nivel educativo que los hombres.This cross-sectional study was conducted on permanently disabled workers assisted by the Center for Occupational Rehabilitation (CRP in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil, to evaluate factors associated with their chances of readmission into the labor market. A logistic model was used to investigate workers' acceptance into the professional rehabilitation program and their return into the market. The most decisive factors for their acceptance were age, presence of repetitive strain injury (RSI, and educational level. The most favorable situation was that of workers with RSI under 40 years of age and with average schooling (75.6%. Results

  19. Estimación indirecta de tasas de ingreso y de retiro de la actividad económica para México.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virgilio Partida Bush

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Con base en la información recolectada en la Encuesta Nacional de Ocupación y Empleo de México se han calculado las tasas de ingreso y retiro de la actividad para las 32 entidades federativas durante el periodo 2000-2007. Mediante regresiones lineales ordinarias de mínimos cuadrados se obtienen ecuaciones para predecir las tasas de ingreso y de retiro a partir de las tasas de participación en la actividad por edad, dado que es la información más fácil de conseguir en censos de población o encuestas de hogares por muestreo. Los resultados concuerdan satisfactoriamente con las cifras comparables disponibles. El algoritmo se ejemplifica con la ciudad de Zamora en 2000.

  20. Preterm Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preterm labor is labor that starts before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. It can lead to premature ... babies may face serious health risks. Symptoms of preterm labor include Contractions every 10 minutes or more ...

  1. Aportaciones sobre la composición de los esmaltes, barnices y pastas de la porcelana del Buen Retiro. Nuevos datos documentales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mañueco, C.

    2000-02-01

    Full Text Available The transpcripton of Manuel de Agreda´s manupscrit, tje last Buen Retiro Porcelain´s Manufacture director is, for first time published . Data on composition and raw materials for more than forty pastes, enamels, glazes, pigmentes is included. This work is insert in the renewed interest on the pluridisciplinary approach, artistic and technical to the Buen Retiro ceramic history studies.

    Se publica por por primera vez la transcripción íntegra del documento de Manuel de Agreda, ultimo director de la Manufactura de Porcelana del Buen Retiro sobre la fabricación de la porcelana y colores. Se incluyen las composiciones, materias primas y proceso de fabricación de tres pastas y cerca de cuarenta esmaltes, barnices y pigmentos. La publicación se enmarca dentro del renovado interés existente sobre los estudios integrados: artísticos y técnicos, de la historia de la cerámica.

  2. Cobertura de los sistemas de pensiones y factores asociados al acceso a una pensión de jubilación en México

    OpenAIRE

    Sandra MURILLO-LÓPEZ; Francisco VENEGAS-MARTÍNEZ

    2011-01-01

    Objetivos: obtener estimaciones de indicadores de cobertura de las pensiones por jubilación o retiro para la población mexicana de 65 y más años, y evaluar el impacto que tienen los sistemas de pensiones en las transiciones al retiro de los adultos en edades medias y avanzadas en México. Para ello se utilizan datos microeconómicos provenientes de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Envejecimiento. Mediante análisis econométrico se identifican los factores sociodemográficos, económicos, laborales ...

  3. LA GESTIÓN ORGANIZACIONAL DE LOS TRABAJADORES MAYORES Y LOS PROCESOS DE MANTENIMIENTO, PROLONGACIÓN Y SALIDA DE LA VIDA LABORAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos-María Alcover

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene tres objetivos: en primer lugar, ofrecer una síntesis de los resultados de los estudios recientes sobre los factores psicosociales y organizacionales implicados en los procesos de retiro laboral temprano, especialmente en el caso de la prejubilación en España. En segundo lugar, presentar un análisis sobre la necesidad de redefinición del retiro en el contexto español, en concreto a partir de la implementación de modalidades de “empleo puente”. Y en tercer lugar, identificar las principales líneas de investigación futura y señalar las implicaciones prácticas para los trabajadores, las organizaciones y las sociedades en su conjunto.

  4. Responsabilidad social en la dimensión laboral: una aproximación desde las organizaciones Advance adheridas al pacto global en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yenni Viviana Duque Orozco

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente documento busca caracterizar las prácticas de responsabilidad social en la dimensión laboral de las organizaciones adheridas al Pacto Global en Colombia clasificadas en Advance. Es un estudio de tipo documental que se desarrolló con base en una revisión de los Comunicados de Progreso (cop de las siete organizaciones objeto de estudio. Se sistematizó la información relacionada con condiciones laborales en una matriz diseñada tomando como marco de referencia los tres principios del Pacto Global relacionados con el tema y asumiendo las variables de aspectos laborales que plantean Porter y Kramer (2006 y los indicadores del Global ReportingInitiative (GRI. Los resultados evidencian avances en aspectos como formación, desarrollo y bienestar. Los aspectos que aún falta por incluir en la agenda corresponden a los temas de diversidad, inclusión y equidad, así como lo relacionado con prácticas que permitan la reinserción laboral de los trabajadores despedidos.

  5. Almanaques sí, relojes no. La prolongación de la jornada laboral en la agricultura pampeana, de la última dictadura al “boom” sojero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Manuel Villulla

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los mecanismos económicos y dispositivos discursivos utilizados por las patronales para imponer la prolongación e intensificación de la jornada laboral en la agricultura pampeana, y sus consecuencias sobre las condiciones de trabajo de los obreros rurales luego de la década de 1970. La metodología incluyó la consulta de material bibliográfico especializado; fuentes documentales patronales (archivos de FACMA; sindicales (archivos de la CGT y UATRE; legislación laboral; libros de actas de negociaciones obrero-patronales (CNTA y CAR; material periodístico; y fundamentalmente un acervo testimonial recabado sobre una muestra de 50 obreros rurales y 20 empleadores en una serie de partidos arquetípicos del “boom” sojero de los últimos años en las provincias de Buenos Aires, Santa Fe y Córdoba. El resultado de nuestro análisis invita a incorporar como una de las condiciones de posibilidad para la expansión agrícola reciente al aumento de la explotación del trabajo asalariado

  6. Fatiga laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Useche Mora Luz Graciela

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available

    La fatiga laboral es un fenómeno complejo y muy común en los ambientes de trabajo especialmente en aquellos que requieren de una alta carga física y en los que son utilizadas complicadas tecnologías que presentan al hombre máximas exigencias, obligándolo a trabajar más allá de sus posibilidades psicofisiológicas y en condiciones muchas veces nocivas. En este sentido, el presente artículo se propone presentar el análisis de aspectos fundamentales de la fatiga que requieren ser conocidos por todo trabajador, con el fin de evitar situaciones de morbilidad y, por qué no decirlo, hasta de muerte.

     

  7. El sindicato vertical “al servicio del emigrante”: la Agregaduría Laboral de la Embajada Española en Bonn durante los años sesenta

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz Sánchez, António

    2012-01-01

    Este artículo acerca al lector a la historia de la Agregaduría Laboral de la Embajada española en Bonn durante los años sesenta. Analiza las motivaciones, las actividades, la estructura, los objetivos, los logros y los fracasos de esta peculiar institución franquista al servicio de los emigrantes españoles en la República Federal de Alemania. Se centra en la gestión del primer agregado, Luis E. Sorribes, quien concibió su trabajo como una cruzada contra la labor de socializació...

  8. Labor Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The labor force is the number of people ages 16 or older who are either working or looking for work. It does not include active-duty military personnel or the institutionalized population, such as prison inmates. Determining the size of the labor force is a way of determining how big the economy can get. The size of the labor force depends on two…

  9. Estructura de costos y economías de escala en el mercado de fondos para el retiro en México

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo H. Cavazos Cepeda; Felipe A. Vásquez Lavín; María José Hernández Medina Mora

    2010-01-01

    Analizamos el mercado mexicano de fondos para el retiro desde la perspectiva de la oferta. Nos concentramos en el efecto que tienen las distintas definiciones de producto en la estructura de costos de las empresas del mercado. Proponemos nuevas definiciones del producto generado por las empresas de este mercado. Empleamos como productos i) el monto promedio mensual que hay en la cuenta de cada afiliado; ii) la participación de mercado de la empresa medida según el número de miembros, y iii) l...

  10. Aportaciones sobre la composición de los esmaltes, barnices y pastas de la porcelana del Buen Retiro. Nuevos datos documentales

    OpenAIRE

    Mañueco, C.

    2000-01-01

    Se publica por por primera vez la transcripción íntegra del documento de Manuel de Agreda, ultimo director de la Manufactura de Porcelana del Buen Retiro sobre la fabricación de la porcelana y colores. Se incluyen las composiciones, materias primas y proceso de fabricación de tres pastas y cerca de cuarenta esmaltes, barnices y pigmentos. La publicación se enmarca dentro del renovado interés existente sobre los estudios integrados: artísticos y técnicos, de la historia de la cerámica...

  11. Descentralización y retiro del Estado ¿Mecanismos para gestionar sustentablemente el agua?

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Romero Lankao

    2007-01-01

    El sector hidráulico mexicano se ha transformado profundamente durante los últimos años. Se introdujeron cambios en el régimen legal, se crearon nuevos organismos y se descentralizó la gestión del agua. Todas estas acciones se sustentaron en una nueva visión del recurso como bien económico, en la que se hace énfasis en los mecanismos de mercado y se da al Estado el papel de regulador en los usos y gestión del líquido. El objetivo del trabajo es doble. Por un lado, reflexionar en torno a los a...

  12. La incorporación al mercado laboral de la mujer inactiva : su distribución en España a finales del segundo milenio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar Borderías Uribeondo

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde el marco teórico de la Geografía, el artículo establece una inicial diferenciación espacial de la actividad femenina y de sus características laborales, tras una reflexión sobre el cambio de la tradicional situación de «inactividad económica» de la mujer a lo largo de la década de los 90 y del análisis de los condicionantes que repercuten en su incorporación al mercado laboral: la edad, el estado civil, su nivel de instrucción y la discriminación indirecta.From the theoretical framework of Geograptiy, the article establisfies an initial spatial differentiation of thíe feminine activity and its labour ctiaracteristics, after a reflection over the change of woman's traditional role of "economic inactivity" along ttie 90's, and of the analysis of ttie factors that have an effect on her joining ttie labour market: age, social State, level of studies and indirect discrimination.

  13. Geologia e petrografia do Grupo Alto Jauru na região da Fazenda Retiro Novo, SW do Cráton Amazônico: evidências de um prisma acrescionário estateriano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Regina Pereira Santos

    Full Text Available RESUMO: O Grupo Alto Jauru, localizado no sudoeste do Cráton Amazônico, região da fazenda Retiro Novo, é constituído por biotita-muscovita-quartzo xistos, clorita-biotita-muscovita xistos, granada-cordierita-biotita xisto e estaurolita-andalusita-biotita xisto, associados a granada-sillimanita-biotita gnaisse, biotita gnaisse, anfibolitos e muscovita granito. O grupo apresenta evidências de representar prisma acrescionário dominado por sedimentos. A petrografia e as relações estruturais indicam que foi afetado por dois eventos deformacionais, Dn e Dn+1, com as foliações associadas Sn (xistosidade e bandamento gnáissico e Sn+1 (clivagem de crenulação e por três eventos metamórficos (M1, M2 e M3: o primeiro é contemporâneo à Sn de fácies xisto verde inferior; o segundo é associado à fase Sn+1 de fácies xisto verde a anfibolito; o terceiro evento é térmico de fácies anfibolito, resultado da intrusão do Tonalito Cabaçal. A determinação geocronológica obtida pelo método U-Pb (SHRIMP em zircão forneceu idade de 1819 ± 6,7 Ma para a cristalização do protólito ígneo do biotita gnaisse. Do ponto de vista geotectônico, o Grupo Alto Jauru corresponde a prisma acrescionário formado no Estateriano.

  14. Child Laborers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    "When I was 12, I started working in a cotton mill as a child laborer." Fan Xiaofeng, the former vice-director of the Labor Protection Department of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, wrote this sentence in one of her books. In 1932, she came to

  15. Problemática laboral en un grupo de personas con diabetes mellitus Working problems related to a group of persons with diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario García González

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la diabetes mellitus interfiere en la actividad laboral de las personas y viceversa, sin embargo, son pocos los estudios basados en investigaciones sobre el tema, por lo que pretendemos acercarnos al problema para identificar dificultades que afronta una persona con diabetes mellitus en nuestro contexto social. OBJETIVOS: determinar la frecuencia con que el grupo estudiado declara problemas en la esfera laboral, caracterizar estos problemas, e identificar la opinión que tienen sobre la relación de la diabetes mellitus con su desempeño laboral. MÉTODOS: el universo estuvo formado por los ingresados en el Centro Diurno del Centro de Atención al Diabético en el último cuatrimestre de 2006, y se tomaron como muestra, aquellos incorporados a la actividad laboral en un centro estatal, o que habían sido objeto de jubilación en el 2005. La información fue recogida mediante encuestas y discusiones grupales, los datos cuantitativos fueron procesados utilizando estadígrafos descriptivos, y para las discusiones grupales se usó el método cualitativo exploratorio inductivo. RESULTADOS: el 25 % de los trabajadores y el 35 % de los jubilados declararon que existía interferencia entre la diabetes mellitus y la actividad laboral. Identificaron como problemas: posibilidades para una alimentación adecuada (75 %, prolongación de la jornada laboral (21,6 %, esfuerzos físicos violentos (42,2 %, e incomprensiones por falta de información de los jefes administrativos. Todos los jubilados declararon que la diabetes mellitus tuvo que ver con su decisión de acogerse al retiro laboral. CONCLUSIONES: la frecuencia de problemas para afrontar la vida laboral estuvo presente en trabajadores y jubilados, con un mayor porcentaje en estos últimos. Como principales problemas fueron identificados los requerimientos dietéticos, los esfuerzos físicos violentos, y la prolongación de la jornada laboral. El grupo estudiado considera que una mayor

  16. Una aproximación al fenómeno de histéresis laboral en Venezuela (1965-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maribel Barboza Pérez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se le da un tratamiento explicativo al ritmo creciente en la tasa de desempleo observado en Venezuela desde los años ochenta hasta el año 2003. A tal efecto, se propone determinar el registro de histéresis laboral, considerando una data larga comprensiva del período 1965-2003. En consecuencia, se realizó primeramente una revisión teórica que permitiese delimitar el concepto operativo de histéresis, articulado a la propuesta explicativa de endogeneización de perturbaciones recurrentes en el nivel de actividad por parte de la trayectoria de la tasa de desempleo. Considerando, a tal efecto, el impacto de la dinámica de la renta petrolera en el anterior registro de perturbaciones, propio de la economía venezolana. En segundo lugar, se procedió a la verificación empírica de la hipótesis de histéresis. Para ello, fueron llevadas a cabo pruebas de raíces unitarias cuyos resultados aportaron evidencias a favor del referido registro en el período considerado. Tanto las derivaciones del test de raíces unitarias de Phillips-Perron, como el test de Dickey-Fuller sugieren que la serie histórica de la variable desempleo sigue un proceso de caminata aleatoria; por lo que, la trayectoria de tal variable presenta una memoria larga. En otras palabras, la conducta trepante de los valores de la tasa de desempleo, asociables a perturbaciones recurrentes del PIB, no se disipa en el período considerado. Mostrando más bien, para los años comprendidos en el estudio, una conducta sin retorno de los valores de la variable considerada.

  17. Labor trajectories of Farm workers in South Florida in the United States of America Trayectorias laborales de trabajadores del campo al sur del estado de la Florida en Estados Unidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Correa García

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a brief section of a larger study. It shows some observations about labor trajectories of migrant farm workers in some agricultural areas in South Florida in the United States of America. Basically, this paper seeks to illustrate about processes of cultural and labor integration in this particular group of workers.El siguiente artículo es la continuación de una investigación mayor y en el se plasman algunas reflexiones sobre el análisis de trayectorias laborales de trabajadores del campo migrantes en áreas de producción agrícola al sur del estado de la Florida en Estados Unidos. Básicamente, en el texto se busca ilustrar sobre las características cambiantes de las trayectorias laborales de los migrantes, al momento de participar en una sociedad diversa y fragmentada laboralmente como la sociedad norteamericana.

  18. De la educación al trabajo: las pasantías laborales como un momento de la transición educativo-laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez-Vélez, Alexandra

    2016-01-01

    Esta investigación buscó indagar sobre la pasantía como un momento particular de la transición educativo-laboral de un individuo; para ello, planteé la pasantía como un momento intermedio en el que el estudiante vive cambios estructurales de la etapa laboral, aún en la etapa educativa. El análisis se centra en el proceso vivido por estudiantes universitarios durante su pasantía laboral en un escenario de trabajo real en diálogo con su formación profesional. Los resultados de esta investigació...

  19. La hermenéutica de la jurisdicción rogada frente al principio Iura Novit curia en materia laboral administrativa colombiana

    OpenAIRE

    Núñez Amariz, Jaider Manuel

    2012-01-01

    El derecho administrativo colombiano esta impregnado con un fuerte barniz de jurisdiccion rogada, si bien de suma importncia en el desaerollo de muchos temas, presenta grandes contradicciones en el derecho laboral administrativo desde el derecho constitucional colombiano. Veeremos las fuentes historicas interpretativas en la que se ha desarrollado la dialectica que se presenta entre el estado constitucional de derecho y la justicia rogada en el derecho laboral administrativo colombiano...

  20. NECESIDAD DE REGULAR EN EL DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 728, LEY DE PRODUCTIVIDAD Y COMPETITIVIDAD LABORAL, EL DERECHO AL SECRETO Y A LA INVIOLABILIDAD DE LAS COMUNICACIONES PRIVADAS FRENTE A LA FACULTAD FISCALIZADORA DEL EMPLEADOR, PARA EVITAR DESPIDOS ARBITRARIOS A PARTIR DE LAS SENTENCIAS DEL TRIBUNAL CONSTITUCIONAL Y LOS INSTRUMENTOS INTERNACIONALES, AÑOS 2009-2013

    OpenAIRE

    YABAR OLARTE, EDWAR STIP

    2015-01-01

    LEY DE PRODUCTIVIDAD Y COMPETITIVIDAD LABORAL – DECRETO LEGISLATIVO 728 RELACIONES LABORALES ENTRE TRABAJADORES Y EMPLEADORES ESTABILIDAD LABORAL DESPIDO ARBITRARIO LA LIBERTAD DE EMPRESA COMO DERECHO CONSTITUCIONAL – FACULTAD FISCALIZADORA EL DERECHO AL SECRETO Y LA INVIOLABILIDAD DE COMUNICACIONES JURISPRUDENCIA COMPARADA

  1. Segmentación laboral y análisis de clusters con datos individuales. Una aplicación al mercado de trabajo andaluz

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    La investigación, desarrollada con datos de 2007 a 2010, propone medidas concretas para la búsqueda eficaz de empleo mediante la metodología de clusters, que permite suministrar a cada demandante, de forma individualizada, toda la información que necesita para poder conocer las opciones de empleo que tiene actualmente en su segmento laboral.

  2. Preterm labor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Jan Stener; Weile, Louise Katrine Kjær; Lamont, Ronald Francis

    2014-01-01

    and arrange in utero transfer to a center with neonatal intensive care facilities, both of which reduce neonatal mortality and morbidity. Few tocolytics (β₂-agonists and atosiban) are licensed for use as tocolytics and only one was developed specifically to treat preterm labor (atosiban). Accordingly, most...

  3. Preterm labor

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sayres Jr, WG

    2010-01-01

    .... For the patient in preterm labor, only antenatal corticosteroids and delivery in a facility with a level III neonatal intensive care unit have been shown to improve outcomes consistently. Tocolytic agents may delay delivery for up to 48 hours, enabling the administration of antenatal corticosteroids or maternal transfer. Routine use of antibiotics ...

  4. La huella de Guglielmo Della Porta en obras de marfil en España. Los talleres romano y del Buen Retiro de los Pozzo y un inciso sobre el de Saint Claude en el franco condado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estella, Margarita M.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the reverberations of the compositions of Guglielmo Della Porta on different ivory works located in Spain of varying chronology and their possible attributions to his known disciplues or contemporaries who worked in ivory, such as Jacob Cornelisz Cobaert, called Cope, or Nicolás Piper de Arras called Pippi. The diffusion of Guglielmo’s models in the workshop of Giovanni Battista del Pozzo during the 18th century is known. Giovanni was the father of Andrea del Pozzo, Director of the Spanish ivory workshop in the Buen Retiro, and so other works are analyzed in this context. Also included in this study are two small reliefs in a collection in Alicante, which originally belonged to a Via Crucis preserved in Boulogne sur Mer, here attributed to a Saint Claude workshop, given that stylistically they can be confused with Buen Retiro creations.Se analiza el reflejo de las composiciones de Guglielmo Della Porta en diferentes obras de marfil localizadas en España de distinta cronología y su posible adscripción a sus conocidos discípulos o contemporáneos de este artista que trabajaron el marfil, como Jacob Cornelisz Cobaert, conocido como Cope, o Nicolás Piper de Arras también llamado Pippi. Conocida la difusión de los modelos de Guglielmo en el taller de Giovanni Battista del Pozzo en el siglo XVIII, padre de Andrea del Pozzo el Director del taller español de Marfiles del Buen Retiro, se analizó en este contexto otras obras. Se incluye el estudio de dos pequeños relieves de colección alicantina que pertenecieron a un Via Crucis conservado en Boulogne sur Mer, de sugerida atribución a un taller de Saint Claude, pues por su estilo pueden confundirse con las del Buen Retiro.

  5. Autoeficacia específica para la Jubilación, Intenciones de retiro y Satisfacción vital en trabajadores mayores de 40 años

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Encarna Valero Ibánez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La autoeficacia para la jubilación incluye las percepciones de la medida en la cual uno será capaz de enfrentarse con las tareas que implica la nueva situación de retiro. Con esta investigación se exploran los factores psicosociales que pronostican las intenciones de retiro y la satisfacción con la vida cerca de la jubilación. El estudio se ha llevado a cabo con una muestra de 1,325 trabajadores españoles mayores. La autoeficacia para la jubilación pronostica las intenciones de retiro (jubilación parcial y total y la satisfacción vital cercana a la jubilación, anadiendo poder predictivo a la autoeficacia generalizada. Pese a este hecho, solo dos dimensiones de la autoeficacia para la jubilación explican exitosamente todos los resultados (las finanzas y la salud. Nuestros hallazgos subrayan que la autoeficacia para la jubilación pronostica positivamente las intenciones de jubilación total y la satisfacción con la jubilación de los trabajadores mayores, y negativamente las intenciones de jubilación parcial. Las implicaciones de estos estudios se discuten de cara a entender la planificación de la jubilación y a mejorar las prácticas de orientación a las personas mayores.

  6. Adiamento do ingresso no mercado de trabalho sob o enfoque demográfico: uma análise das regiões metropolitanas brasileiras Aplazamiento del ingreso al mercado laboral bajo el enfoque demográfico: un análisis de las regiones metropolitanas brasileñas Demographic perspectives on delayed labor market entry in metropolitan areas in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Carolina Tomás

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho analisa o adiamento do ingresso no mercado de trabalho entre jovens, através de duas técnicas demográficas: o método singulate mean age; e tabelas de sobrevivência. A base de dados utilizada foi a Pesquisa Mensal de Emprego (PME, considerando-se as seis regiões metropolitanas estudadas (São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, Porto Alegre e Recife conjuntamente. Os períodos analisados foram 1983 e 2001. Ao final, contatou-se um adiamento maior entre os homens, o que os aproxima do padrão de transição feminino, embora eles continuem entrando mais cedo no mercado de trabalho. Ademais, está ocorrendo uma alteração no padrão etário de inserção, já que houve diminuição no contingente de jovens entrando no mercado de trabalho até os 17 anos.El trabajo analiza el aplazamiento del ingreso al mercado laboral entre jóvenes, a través de dos técnicas demográficas: El método singulate mean age; y tablas de sobrevivencia. La base de datos utilizada fue la Encuesta Mensual de Empleo (PME, considerándose las seis regiones metropolitanas estudiadas (San Pablo, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Río de Janeiro, Porto Alegre y Recife conjuntamente. Los períodos analizados fueron 1983 y 2001. Al final, se constató un aplazamiento mayor entre los hombres, lo que los aproxima al padrón de transición femenino, aunque éstos continúen entrando más temprano al mercado laboral. Además, está ocurriendo una modificación en el padrón etario de inserción, ya que hubo una disminución en el contingente de jóvenes entrando al mercado laboral hasta los 17 años.The article analyzes late entry into the labor market among Brazilian youth, using two demographic techniques: the singulate mean age, and survival tables. The data basis used is the Monthly Employment Survey (PME carried out and published by the Brazilian Census Office (IBGE. The analysis considers six metropolitan areas (São Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Rio

  7. Department of Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... International Labor Organization International Visitors Program Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Organization of American States (OAS) Promoting Labor Diplomacy U.S. - Argentina Labor Cooperation U.S. - Brazil Labor Cooperation ...

  8. Comparação da quiropterofauna em área florestada e área aberta da RPPN Fazenda Bom Retiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis F. Menezes Jr

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Foram realizadas dez coletas em 2013 na RPPN Fazenda Bom Retiro, sendo cinco em uma área florestada, localizada no interior da mata e outras cinco em área aberta, distante cerca de 600 m uma da outra. O mesmo esforço de coleta foi empregado nas duas áreas, e as mesmas foram realizadas sempre no mesmo dia. A área florestada se mostrou mais diversa, sendo capturados 256 morcegos, todos de Phyllostomidae, pertencentes a 14 espécies; Carollia perspicillata (n=112, Sturnira lilium(n=46 e Desmodus rotundus (n=25 foram as mais capturadas. Na área aberta foram capturados 153 espécimes pertencentes a quatro famílias, Phyllostomidae, Noctilidae, Vespertilionidae e Molossidae, sendo registradas 10 espécies; Carollia perspicillata (n=52, Desmodus rotundus (n=39 e Artibeus lituratus (n=24 foram as mais capturadas. Observou-se maior diversidade na área florestada (Hʼ 1,812, onde devem existir mais recursos e abrigos, e, consequentemente mais proteção.

  9. Estructura de costos y economías de escala en el mercado de fondos para el retiro en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo H. Cavazos Cepeda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Analizamos el mercado mexicano de fondos para el retiro desde la perspectiva de la oferta. Nos concentramos en el efecto que tienen las distintas definiciones de producto en la estructura de costos de las empresas del mercado. Proponemos nuevas definiciones del producto generado por las empresas de este mercado. Empleamos como productos i el monto promedio mensual que hay en la cuenta de cada afiliado; ii la participación de mercado de la empresa medida según el número de miembros, y iii la participación de mercado de la empresa medida según los montos de las cuentas individuales. Exploramos la presencia de economías de escala con estas nuevas definiciones. Estimamos las funciones de costos variables Cobb-Douglas y Translog según las variables endógenas. Los parámetros estimados concuerdan con las expectativas de la teoría de la producción; sin embargo, encontramos que la presencia de rendimientos crecientes a escala es sensible a la definición del producto. Por tanto, la política económica debería considerar no sólo la posible presencia de economías de escala sino también la definición del producto de las empresas del mercado para lograr una mayor eficiencia.

  10. La argumentación en la sentencia laboral: un análisis en torno al proyecto de reformas al Código de Trabajo (expediente Nº 15.990

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    Jorge Olaso-Álvarez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza los cambios aplicados en la legislación laboral, en el marco de la posible entrada de un nuevo Código de Trabajo, así como los diferentes parámetros argumentativos que posiblemente puede incidir en la adecuada fundamentación de la sentencia.

  11. El proceso de reforma al Código Procesal Laboral: legislación laboral, actores sociales y lenguajes de valoración. Tres elementos clave de la política socio-laboral en Costa Rica, 1998-2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronny Viales Hurtado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, concebido como “historia del tiempo presente”, analizamos las relaciones entre política socio-laboral y poder para identificar cuáles son los actores y actoras sociales y cuáles son los grupos de interés que participan en el proceso de formulación del problema y del planteamiento de políticas públicas, desde un enfoque relacional. Planteamos que una arena política en la que se debaten los actores y actoras y las posiciones del desarrollismo y del neoliberalismo en Costa Rica, es la de las reformas de la institucionalidad laboral. Por eso se estudiarán las redes y los lenguajes de valoración presentes en los procesos de construcción de legislación laboral en Costa Rica. Para ello, se utiliza como caso de estudio las etapas clave en la construcción de la Ley de Reforma Procesal Laboral, proyecto de ley aprobado en diciembre de 2015.

  12. Grado de satisfacción laboral de los Directores de las Instituciones Educativas de Educación Básica Regular vinculadas al Programa de Educación Rural de Fe y Alegría Nº48 de Malingas –Tambogrande

    OpenAIRE

    Távara Ma-San, Carlos Gabriel

    2015-01-01

    La investigación tiene como objetivo identificar el grado de satisfacción laboral de los directores de las instituciones educativas de Educación Básica Regular vinculadas al Programa de Educación Rural de Fe y Alegría Nº 48 de Malingas –Tambogrande. Para ello, se aplicó de manera anónima a 25 directores un "Cuestionario de Satisfacción Laboral" constituido por 35 ítems como instrumento para cuantificar las ocho dimensiones relacionadas con la satisfacción laboral mediante procesamiento estadí...

  13. Modelo de intervención psicosocial en las organizaciones frente al estrés laboral: estrategia operativa Model of psychosocial intervention in organizations opposed to job stress: operational strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Navarro Aparicio

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un modelo de actuación frente a los factores de riesgo psicosociales derivados del estrés laboral. Primeramente relaciona los principales efectos que ocasiona en toda organización el estrés laboral. Al mismo tiempo establece sus prioridades de actuación, para acto seguido indicar las actividades que deben ejecutarse. Dentro de esta fase de actuación, diferencia aquellas que van dirigidas a la organización de forma colectiva, cuya prioridad es manifiesta, frente a las acciones que deben ofrecerse a los afectados de forma individualizada. Así pues, se trata de un modelo de intervención que interactúa tanto en las medidas organizativas generales como en aquellas específicas y de perfil individual, en la lucha de un fenómeno en auge como es el estrés laboral.The article presents a model for action against the risk factors derived from psychosocial stress. The first lists the main effects on any organization that causes stress at work. At the same time establishing their priorities for action, then to indicate the activities to be implemented. Within this stage of action, unlike those that are directed to the organization of a collective, whose priority is obvious, compared to shares to be offered to the affected individual. Thus, it is an intervention model that interacts both in general and organizational measures in those specific and individual profile in the struggle of a growing phenomenon as is the stress at work.

  14. Factors associated with bullying at nurses' workplaces Factores asociados al acoso moral en el ambiente laboral del enfermero Fatores associados ao assédio moral no ambiente laboral do enfermeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kátia Biagio Fontes

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To identify nurses who are subject to workplace bullying and its associated factors. METHOD: Descriptive and exploratory study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 199 nurses working in public and private sectors (N=388. For data collection, a graphic socio-professional questionnaire and the Leymann Inventory Psychological Terrorization were used, both in print or electronic format (May/September 2010. RESULTS: According to the data collected, 11.56% of the participants had been subject to bullying. Multivariate analysis showed that having children, working at Public Healthcare Units, working at an institution for a period between one and three years, currently dealing with acts of bullying and to feel bullied are risk factors for bullying. CONCLUSION: This study permitted a better understanding of the factors associated with bullying; however, a research based on samples of Brazilian nurses is only the first step to evaluate other factors of influence related to the organizational context. OBJETIVO: Identificar enfermeros víctimas de acoso moral en el trabajo y factores asociados. MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo-exploratorio con aproximación cuantitativa. La muestra fue de 199 enfermeros, activos en el sector público y privado (N=388. Para recolectar los datos, fue utilizado un cuestionario sobre el perfil social y ocupacional y el Leymann Inventory Psychological Terrorization, ambos en formato impreso o electrónico (mayo/septiembre 2010. RESULTADOS: De acuerdo con los datos recolectados, el 11,56% de los sujetos estudiados fueron víctimas de acoso moral. En análisis multivariado indicó que tener hijos, actuar en las Unidades de Salud Pública, trabajar en la institución entre 1 y 3 años, afrontar actualmente conductas de acoso moral y sentirse asediado moralmente son factores de riesgo para el asedio moral. CONCLUSÍON: El estudio permitió una mejor comprensión de los factores asociados al acoso moral. Sin

  15. Estudio de la influencia comercial sobre los barrios el Nogal, el Espartillal y el Retiro y su efecto en el precio del suelo, en el periodo 1993 – 2010.

    OpenAIRE

    Cárdenas Carvajal, María Claudia

    2014-01-01

    El interés de esta monografía es describir el proceso de transformación urbana de los barrios El Retiro, El Espartillal y el Nogal de la ciudad de Bogotá, a partir del año 1993, en el cual se inauguró el Centro Comercial Andino. Se analiza y explica el desarrollo impulsado por el centro comercial sobre el territorio, transformando el uso de residencial e institucional a comercial y de servicios lo cual influyó directamente la densificación y valorización de los barrios. Por último se describe...

  16. Cuesta arriba para los afroperuanos: Evidencia de la discriminación en el acceso al mercado laboral de Lima Metropolitana

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Galarza; Gustavo Yamada; Carlos Zelada

    2015-01-01

    Usando un método experimental que consiste en enviar CV ficticios pero creíbles para candidatos de origen blanco y afroperuanos en Lima Metropolitana, encontramos evidencia de una menor preferencia para contactar y contratar a profesionales afrodescendientes, a pesar de ostentar un nivel de capital humano similar al de sus contrapartes de origen blanco. En estos empleos, los afroperuanos reciben 38% menos llamadas que los peruanos de origen blanco, a pesar de poseer ambos similares niveles de...

  17. Impacto de los programas de movilidad internacional en la adquisición de competencias académicas para el ingreso al mercado laboral: México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Ivone González Jaimes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo es realizar un análisis de las competencias académicas que influyen en la adquisición y conservación del empleo de los estudiantes y egresados de una universidad estatal. Dichas variables fueron estudiadas a través de realizar un análisis comparativo entre estudiantes y egresados con y sin participación en el Programa de Movilidad Universitaria Internacional (PMUI. El método utilizado es de diseño no experimental, comparativo en formato de encuesta, corte transversal, selección de la muestra al azar (estudiantes o egresados con y sin movilidad internacional como empleadores para realizar un análisis estadístico de tipo descriptivo e inferencial. Las poblaciones son: 1 391 estudiantes y egresados, 68 empleadores. Muestras al azar: 372 estudiantes y egresados como 54 empleadores. Material: encuesta electrónica del cuestionario de competencias para estudiantes, egresados y empleadores.

  18. Contribución al debate sobre la educación y el mercado laboral en la administración pública en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Hernández

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo contribuye al debate académico sobre los relevos en los cargos de la administración pública central en Colombia. Los resultados muestran algunas entidades públicas con ausencia de mecanismos de selección de mercado que generen relevos en la composición de cargos. Sin embargo, en otras entidades de la administración pública se evidencia un fortalecimiento de los mecanismos de selección de mercado, reflejado en un impacto real de los cambios en la calidad educativa (universitaria en particular sobre los cambios en la estructura de cargos.

  19. Incapacidad laboral total

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlando Díaz Tabares

    1997-04-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, descriptivo y retrospectivo con el objetivo de conocer el comportamiento de la incapacidad permanente para el trabajo en el municipio "San Cristóbal" durante el decenio 1982-1991, y se aplicó el método de encuesta por el que se recogieron datos que fueron extraídos del modelo oficial de peritaje médico laboral y de la entrevista con el peritado. Los resultados fueron plasmados en tablas de contingencias donde se relacionan las variables por cada año estudiado, y se aplicó la prueba estadística de chi cuadrado. El número de individuos dictaminados con incapacidad laboral total fue de 693; predominó en reportes el año 1988 con 114 casos y muy discretamente el sexo femenino sobre el masculino, el grupo etáreo de 45 a 54 años con 360 casos y la artrosis como entidad valorada por ortopedia, con análisis estadísticos significativos. No resultó estadísticamente significativo, el predominio de la hipertensión arterial sistémica entre las entidades valoradas por la especialidad de medicina interna como causas de incapacidad laboral. Fue muy significativa la variación del número de dictaminados por la comisión en cada uno de los años estudiados y que el porcentaje de ellos que se encontraban realizando trabajos que demandan esfuerzo físico de moderado a intenso al momento de aplicar la encuesta, ascendió al 64,9.A longitudinal, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted in order to know the behavior of permanent labor disability at the municipality of San Cristóbal during 1982-1991. A survey was done to collect data taken from the official model of medical inspections and from the interview with the disabled worker. The results were shown in contingency tables where the variables are related by every year studied. The chi square statistical test was applied. The number of individuals with labor disability was 693. As for reports, the year 1988 predominated with 114. There was a discreet

  20. Contribuciones al estudio de la motivación laboral: enfoques teóricos desde la dimensión de autoexpresión del ser humano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SONIA AGUT NIETO

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es integrar las principales aportaciones al estudio de la motivación humana, prestando especial atención a las más aplicadas para la explicación del comportamiento relacionado con el trabajo, pero desde un criterio clasificador distinto de los utilizados hasta ahora: la condición de autoexpresión del individuo como fuerza fundamental que activa, dirige y mantiene el comportamiento de las personas. Esto nos lleva a agrupar las teorías en tres categorías, en función de la forma concreta de autoexpresión del individuo que subyace en cada enfoque teórico: 1 enfoques teóricos que enfatizan el carácter hedonista de la actividad laboral, desde donde se considera que la persona se expresa a través del placer derivado de los resultados que obtiene en el trabajo; 2 enfoques teóricos que enfatizan la capacidad de autorregulación del individuo en el trabajo, para así conseguir resultados que le permitan poner de manifiesto su competencia y su dominio, y por último, 3 enfoques teóricos que enfatizan la autoexpresión genuina de la persona más allá de la actividad laboral, siendo ella misma, entendiendo el trabajo como lo que es, sin que le bloquee la expresión de su propia identidad.

  1. Effect of labor analgesia on labor outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Stephen H; Abdallah, Faraj W

    2010-06-01

    Labor is among the most painful experiences that humans encounter. Neuraxial analgesia is the most effective means of treating this pain. In this review, we discussed the effect of neuraxial analgesia on the progress of labor when compared with parenteral opioids. We then compared initiation of analgesia with a combined spinal-epidural technique (CSE) to conventional epidural analgesia. Finally we discussed the impact of neuraxial analgesia, given early in labor, compared with later administration. Compared with parenteral opioids, neuraxial analgesia does not increase the incidence of cesarean section, although it is associated with a longer (approximately 16 min) second stage of labor. The incidence of operative vaginal delivery is higher in the epidural group but this may be due to indirect reasons such as changes in physician behavior. There was no difference in labor outcome when CSE was compared with low-concentration epidural analgesia, but higher concentrations may prolong labor. Early administration of neuraxial analgesia does not increase the incidence of operative delivery or prolong labor. Neuraxial analgesia does not interfere with the progress or outcome of labor. There is no need to withhold neuraxial analgesia until the active stage of labor.

  2. Actitudes y significados acerca de la jubilación: un estudio comparativo de acuerdo al género en adultos mayores / Attitudes and meanings regarding retirement: a comparative study according to gender in older adults

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Daniela Hermida; María Florencia Tartaglini; Dorina Stefani

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio es evaluar si las expectativas sociales de «rol» diferencial de género influyen en la adaptación de los adultos mayores a la jubilación, a través de los significados y actitudes hacia el retiro laboral. Se empleó un diseño ex post facto, de carácter retrospectivo simple. Participaron 300 adultos mayores autoválidos de clase media, 150 varones y 150 mujeres, residentes en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y conurbano bonaerense (República Argentina). Se admini...

  3. College Labor Shortages in 2018? Part Deux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, Paul E.; Sum, Andrew M.

    2010-01-01

    The recent response by Anthony Carnevale et al. to the authors' analysis of the fundamental shortcomings associated with their predictions of widespread college labor shortages focuses on three areas. First, Anthony Carnevale et al. suggest that the authors are educational Luddites by noting in the title of their response that the authors believe…

  4. Afastamentos do trabalho na enfermagem: ocorrências com trabalhadores de um hospital de ensino Retiros del trabajo en la enfermaría: ocurrencias en trabajadores en un hospital de enseñanza Nursing absenteeism: occurrences at a university hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Beretta Barboza

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available As condições laborais da equipe de enfermagem freqüentemente são marcadas por riscos, os quais repercutem em elevado absenteísmo e licenças-saúde. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar os afastamentos entre trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital geral de ensino da cidade de São José do Rio Preto-SP, registrados durante o ano de 1999. Trata-se de uma investigação epidemiológica censitária, cuja coleta de dados foi efetuada por meio de consulta aos registros do Centro de Atendimento ao Trabalhador do hospital estudado. Os resultados indicaram que, no período, 333 trabalhadores envolveram-se em 662 episódios de afastamento. As licenças-saúde ocorreram, principalmente, por problemas geniturinário e doenças mal definidas entre enfermeiros, técnicos e auxiliares de enfermagem; e doenças dos órgãos dos sentidos, doenças infecta-parasitárias e doenças respiratórias entre os atendentes de enfermagem. Os dados obtidos subsidiam melhor análise dessa situação neste hospital e intervenções para melhoria das condições de trabalho vigentes.Las condiciones laborales del equipo de enfermería son frecuentemente marcadas por riesgos, situación que se refleja en un alto ausentismo e incapacidades médicas. El objetivo de este estudio fué caracterizar los retiros entre los trabajadores del equipo de enfermería de un hospital general de enseñanza de la ciudad de São José do Rio Preto-SP registrados durante el año de 1999. Se trató de una investigación por censo epidemiológico, cuya recolección de datos fue efectuada a través de la consulta a los registros del Centro de Atención al Trabajador del hospital estudiado. Los resultados indicaron que en este período 333 trabajadores estuvieron involucrados en 662 episodios de retiros. Las incapacidades ocurrieron principalmente por problemas génitourinarios y enfermedades mal definidas entre enfermeros, técnicos y auxiliares de enfermería; enfermedades de los

  5. ACOSO LABORAL EN COSTA RICA

    OpenAIRE

    VARGAS MORÚA, ELIZARDA

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo constituye un análisis descriptivo de las resoluciones judiciales de Costa Rica respecto al acoso laboral. De acuerdo con el Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica son 23 resoluciones clasificadas bajo el tema de “acoso laboral” relativas a procesos iniciados desde el año 1998 al presente. También se analiza la información suministrada por el Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social de las denuncias que se tramitaron por la vía administrativa. Aunque el ordenamiento costa...

  6. Dwindling Labor Supply

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUYONG

    2004-01-01

    this summer, China encountered an unexpected problem-a dwindling supply of migrant labor. In the southeast coastal area in particular, where manufacturing is heavily concentrated, the shortage of labor has become a quite severe problem.

  7. Signs of Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... report card Careers Archives Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ... Last reviewed: March, 2014 Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ...

  8. Preterm Labor and Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... report card Careers Archives Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ... Careers Archives Health Topics Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ...

  9. Stages of Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... report card Careers Archives Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ... Last reviewed: May, 2014 Pregnancy Before or between pregnancies Nutrition, weight & fitness Prenatal care Is it safe? Labor & ...

  10. Labor Force Participation Rate

    Data.gov (United States)

    City and County of Durham, North Carolina — This thematic map presents the labor force participation rate of working-age people in the United States in 2010. The 2010 Labor Force Participation Rate shows the...

  11. Actitudes y significados acerca de la jubilación: un estudio comparativo de acuerdo al género en adultos mayores / Attitudes and meanings regarding retirement: a comparative study according to gender in older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Daniela Hermida

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio es evaluar si las expectativas sociales de «rol» diferencial de género influyen en la adaptación de los adultos mayores a la jubilación, a través de los significados y actitudes hacia el retiro laboral. Se empleó un diseño ex post facto, de carácter retrospectivo simple. Participaron 300 adultos mayores autoválidos de clase media, 150 varones y 150 mujeres, residentes en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y conurbano bonaerense (República Argentina. Se administró un cuestionario de datos sociodemográfico y perfil jubilatorio, la Escala de Actitudes hacia la jubilación y la adaptación argentina del Cuestionario de Significados acerca de la jubilación. Los resultados denotan que las mujeres, en comparación con los varones, presentan actitudes más favorables hacia la jubilación y la significan más como un «Descanso», «Comienzo» o «Continuidad». Esta diferencia podría deberse al impacto diferencial que generaría la pérdida del «rol» laboral de acuerdo al género. ABSTRACT: The objective of the study is to assess whether the social expectations of «role» – differential of gender – influence in the adaptation of older adults to retirement, through meanings and attitudes toward retirement. An ex post facto design of simple retrospective character was used. It was attended by 300 self-governing middle class older adults; 150 men and 150 women residing in the Autonomous City, Buenos Aires, and influence areas (Argentina. We administered a questionnaire of sociodemographic data and retirement profile, a Scale of Attitudes toward retirement, and the argentine adaptation of the Meaning about retirement Questionnaire. The results show that women in comparison with men have more favorable attitudes toward retirement and they denote it more as «Rest», «Beginning» or «Continuity». This difference could be due to the differential impact that would result in the loss of the labor

  12. What Is Labor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... are common complications? What is a high-risk pregnancy? What is labor? What is a cesarean delivery? Other FAQs NICHD Research Information Clinical Trials Resources and Publications What is labor? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Labor is the ...

  13. Discriminación laboral femenina

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira López, Sandra

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretende analizar hasta qué punto existe discriminación laboral por razón de género en el mercado de trabajo español así como conocer que parte de las diferencias en la trayectoria laboral masculina y femenina están ocasionadas por otra serie de cuestiones, ajenas al mercado laboral, que, sin embargo, no dejan de suponer una barrera adicional en la carrera profesional femenina. En otras palabras, el objetivo principal es diferenciar que parte de las diferencias son resulta...

  14. Costos por ausentismo laboral atribuibles al consumo de tabaco en el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social y en México, 2006-2009 Absenteeism attributable to smoking in the Mexican Social Security Institute, 2006-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Calcular los costos por ausentismo laboral atribuibles al tabaquismo en los asegurados del IMSS y población ocupada en México para el periodo 2006-2009. MATERIAL y MÉTODOS: Los costos se estimaron usando fracciones atribuibles para cáncer pulmonar, enfermedad cerebrovascular, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica e infarto agudo de miocardio, así como registros de salarios y días de incapacidad por esas enfermedades en asegurados del IMSS. Los parámetros encontrados se extrapolaron a la población ocupada. RESULTADOS: El IMSS erogó 143.9 millones de pesos a precios de 2009 atribuibles al tabaquismo como subsidio por incapacidad en el período 2006-2009. La productividad perdida atribuible al tabaquismo en asegurados del IMSS ascendió a 298.2 millones de pesos y a 437.8 millones de pesos en población ocupada del país en el mismo período. CONCLUSIONES: El tabaquismo impone costos importantes a las instituciones de seguridad en el país y causa pérdidas en la productividad. Por tanto, deben fortalecerse las políticas gubernamentales de control del tabaco incluidas en el Convenio Marco para el Control del Tabaco.OBJECTIVE: To calculate the absenteeism costs by lung cancer, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and acute myocardial infarction attributable to smoking in the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS and the occupied population from 2006 to 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Productivity loss data from selected illnesses were obtained from IMSS records. The smoking attributable fraction was used, and extrapolation to occupied population was conducted. RESULTS: IMSS paid $143.9 million pesos (2009 prices attributable to smoking between 2006 and 2009. The productivity loss was $298.2 million pesos and $437.8 million pesos in the occupied population, attributable to smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Tobacco smoking implies costs to the individual, families and society, which urge to strengthen policies

  15. La muerte en un servicio de terapia intensiva: Influencia de la abstención y retiro del soporte vital Death in an intensive care unit: Influence of life support withholding and withdrawal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Gherardi

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la influencia de la abstención y retiro del soporte vital en la muerte ocurrida en un servicio de Terapia Intensiva durante un período de 32 meses. Sobre 2640 pacientes ingresados se registró la conducta terapéutica en 548 muertos, clasificando la misma en cinco categorías: (i tratamiento completo, (ii tratamiento completo con orden de no resucitación (ONR, (iii abstención de soporte vital, (iv retiro de soporte vital y (v muerte cerebral. Hubo limitación terapéutica de soporte vital en el 45.6% (n= 250 con un predominio importante de la abstención (ONR y abstención en el 32.6% respecto del retiro de soporte vital (8.2%. Del estudio comparativo con otras estadísticas surge el hallazgo de un porcentaje global de limitación terapéutica media cercana a comunidades con una cultura similar, aunque con una incidencia de retiro (8.2% manifiestamente inferior a la registrada en todos los países cualesquiera fuera su actitud frente a la necesidad de establecer diversos grados de control sobre el recurso tecnológico en el paciente crítico. Deberá indagarse la influencia que tiene la percepción moral del dejar de actuar, como un proceder inconveniente en nuestra sociedad, en los resultados observados.The influence of life support withholding and withdrawal on the deaths which occurred in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU over a period of 32 months was analysed. Of 2640 patients admitted in ICU, one of the following five mutually exclusive categories was registered on the 548 patients who died: (i complete treatment; (ii complete treatment with non-resuscitation order (NRO; (iii withholding of life-sustaining treatment; (iv withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment; and (v brain death. There was therapeutic limitation of life support in 45.6% of cases (n=250, with an important majority of withholding (NRO and withholding in 32.6% of cases, in comparison to withdrawal of life support (8.2% of cases. The comparative analysis with other

  16. Impuestos al capital y al trabajo en Colombia: un análisis mediante equilibrio general computable Effect of Taxes on Capital and Labor in Colombia: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Botero Garcia

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Mediante un modelo de equilibrio general computable, calibrado para Colombia, se analiza el impacto de diversas políticas económicas, que afectan el precio relativo de los factores productivos. Se concluye que los estímulos a la inversión, que pueden interpretarse como acciones que disminuyen el precio del capital, propician sin embargo la acumulación de capital, y por esa vía, incrementan la productividad del trabajo, generando efectos positivos netos sobre el empleo. La eliminación de los aportes parafiscales, por su parte, genera una reducción en el costo del trabajo, pero su efecto global sobre el empleo es compensado parcialmente por las acciones fiscales tendientes a generar rentas alternativas que permitan mantener los beneficios asociados a esos aportes. Se sugiere que el esquema ideal sería aquel que establece estímulos a la inversión, focalizados hacia sectores intensivos en empleo, al tiempo que crea redes de protección social adecuadas, para enfrentar los problemas asociados a la pobreza.   Abstract Using a computable general equilibrium model, calibrated for Colombia, it is analyze the impact of various economic policies, which affect the relative price of production factors. The results concluded that the incentives for investment, which can be interpreted as actions that decrease the cost of capital, however lead to the accumulation of capital, and thereby increase the productivity of labour, generating net positive effects on employment. The Elimination of the payroll taxes, for its part, generates a reduction in the cost of labour, but their overall effect on employment is partially offset by the tax measures designed to generate alternative income to keep the benefits associated with these contributions. Finally the suggestion is that the ideal scheme would be one that provides incentives for investment, focused towards employment-intensive sectors, at the time that creates networks of social protection appropriate

  17. Aportación al estudio de la satisfacción laboral de los profesionales técnicos del sector de la construcción: una aplicación cualitativa en la Comunidad Valenciana.

    OpenAIRE

    Navarro Astor, Elena

    2008-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objeto general el estudio empírico de la satisfacción laboral de los profesionales técnicos del sector de la construcción en la Comunidad Valenciana, desde la perspectiva de los propios investigados, a través de un enfoque cualitativo. Se pretende descubrir cómo viven, sienten y perciben su actividad laboral estos profesionales; analizar si se sienten satisfechos en la cotidianeidad de su trabajo; describir los aspectos generadores de mayor satisfacción laboral y los f...

  18. La Justicia Laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montoya Melgar, Alfredo

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Iniciada en el último cuarto del siglo XIX nuestra legislación laboral, pronto se plantea la exigencia de que las reglas sustantivas del nuevo Derecho vayan acompañadas de normas jurisdiccionales y procesales específicas, atentas a las exigencias de la justicia laboral. Tras una etapa de justicia social paritaria, obrero-patronal, la jurisdicción laboral pasa a ser desempeñada por jueces profesionales centrándose en la Magistratura de Trabajo y consolidándose el diseño procesal en sucesivas Leyes de Procedimiento Laboral.
    En la actualidad, y aunque la nueva Ley de Enjuiciamiento Civil ha incidido de modo relevante sobre el proceso laboral, es obvia la influencia que el modelo del proceso laboral ha ejercido con carácter previo sobre el nuevo proceso civil.

  19. Labor inspection in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adalberto Cardoso

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available One aspect the literature overlooks on the effects of labor regulation of labor market efficiency is the degree of the legislation's effectiveness, i.e., its actual enforcement in daily work relations. Even the more sophisticated econometric studies (which take into account the effects of interaction between labor market regulatory institutions in explaining its dynamics leave this central issue aside, namely enforcement versus non-enforcement of the law. Keeping this issue in mind, we seek to answer the following question in this article: given that the effectiveness of labor legislation depends on the interaction between the overall sanctions and the probability of the employer getting caught breaking the law, and given that the law's effectiveness is a decisive aspect for the real measurement of a country's labor costs, to what extent is the Brazilian labor inspection system designed to meet its objective, namely, to enforce the law?

  20. Polarizacion en el mercado laboral y ausencia de trabajo decente para jovenes en Colombia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Calle Espinosa, Yhelin Cristina

    2013-01-01

    Este articulo pretende un acercamiento al fenomeno de polarizacion del ingreso laboral, considerando el tipo de contrato y la estabilidad laboral, para representar las condiciones de trabajo a las que...

  1. Child Labor - Moral Choice

    OpenAIRE

    Lagasse, Caitlin

    2014-01-01

    In many instances, child labor is a way to exploit the cheap labor a child has to offer. Although in many situations, the exploitation of child labor is not normally the case, such as families living in a developing country. What individuals raised in Western cultures fail to realize is that in some nations and for some families, child labor is a necessary resource to survive, children act as an exceptional resource in these situations. Without the extra income a child could make working in t...

  2. Tendencias en investigación sobre seguridad y salud laboral: Propuesta metodológica aplicada al sector de la construcción Trends in research about occupational safety and health: Methodology applied to the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Isabel Carvajal Peláez

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se realiza un análisis de las tendencias en investigación sobre seguridad y salud ocupacional aplicadas al sector de la construcción. Se investigaron fuentes publicadas en inglés (1930 -2007 y se encontraron más de 250 artículos. Para clasificar la información, se propone el "ciclo riesgo accidente" formado por cinco pasos que reflejan la realidad de la seguridad laboral en la construcción. Para cada paso, se seleccionaron las publicaciones más representativas y se elaboraron árboles de evolución lógica teniendo en cuenta el contenido, grado de importancia, orden cronológico, aplicación sobre cada tema, etc. Con estos árboles, se pasa de lo general a lo particular en forma cronológica, para demostrar las tendencias actuales en investigación en seguridad y salud en la construcción y podemos concluir que la investigación en este aspecto sigue siendo escasa, tratándose de un campo lleno de oportunidades y con un futuro prometedor.This article analyzes trends in research in occupational safety and health applied to the construction industry. The sources of information published in English (1930-2007 and found more than 250 articles. In order to classify these documents, is proposed the "risk-accident cycle" composes by five steps that reflect the reality of occupational safety and health in the construction industry. For each one of them, the papers more representative were selected and later elaborated a tree of chronological evolution considering aspects such as the content, degree of importance, chronological order, application on each subject, etc. With the elaboration of these trees, show the passage of the general to the particular in chronological form, for demonstrating the actual trends in research in safety and health in the construction. As a final remark, nowadays, research in safety and health in the construction is still very limited, being a field with many opportunities and a promising future.

  3. PROBLEMS OF MIGRANT LABOR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WALLS, FOREST

    PRESENT MIGRANT LABOR PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS WHICH HAVE BEEN PROPOSED ARE PRESENTED. THE FIRST PROBLEM AREA IS PROVIDING EDUCATION FOR MIGRANT CHILDREN. THIS IS HINDERED BY THE PROBLEM OF SECURING COMPLIANCE WITH MINIMUM EDUCATION LAWS AND BY LAWS PROHIBITING EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN DURING SCHOOL HOURS. A SECOND PROBLEM AREA IS THAT OF CHILD LABOR.…

  4. Female Labor Supply

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maassen-van den Brink, te Henriet

    1994-01-01

    To gain insight on factors that impede economic independence of women, this book concentrates on female labor supply in relation to child care, male-female wage differentials, the division of unpaid labor, and marital conflicts between women and men. It may very well be that restrictions on the opti

  5. Quality of Labor Support during Labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahri N

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives:Providing appropriate and quality care for delivery process can be done in the form of the "Labor Support". This approach is one of the key factors in reducing maternal and neonatal mortality rates and fulfilling the Millennium Development Goals. It has also an important role in the promoting maternal satisfaction. This study aims at assessing mothers’ view regarding the labor support quality. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 women who were hospitalized in the postpartum ward of Gonabad 22 Bahman Hospital, and had normal vaginal delivery were chosen using convenience sampling method. Participants were asked to fill in the demographic questionnaire and the form of assessment quality of labor support. Data analysis was performed by SPSS11.5 software.  Results: In this study, the data showed a mean participants’ age of 27/14 ± 5/89 years and a mean admission-delivery time interval of 305/13 ± 147/30 minutes. Results showed that 74 percent of women evaluated the emotional support as good, 93% of the women had reported that they are satisfied with physical support, and 92 percent of the participants had expressed that they were content with the instructions/information provided by the personnel. Conclusion: According to this study, overall satisfaction from the quality of labor support has been acceptable in Gonabad 22 Bahman Hospital. Emotional supports stood lower when compared in terms of quality to two other categories.

  6. Labor Shortage Looming Ahead?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The large quantity of cheap labor resources has long been regarded as one of the important factors that make it possible for China’s economy to maintain rapid growth. However, Cai Fang, Director of the Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, warned at a lecture in early May that China’s surplus rural labor force is not as large as thought and that China will soon experience the transition from labor surplus to labor shortage. He predicted that the turning point would occur probably in 2009. In response, Hou Dongmin, Director of the Institute of Population, Resources and Environment of Renmin University of China, and Deng Yuwen, researcher at the China Society of Economic Reform, analyze the expected impacts of transition on China’s future growth mode (in sequence).

  7. Élaboration, fiabilité et utilisation d’un outil de mesure de l’environnement alimentaire dans les supermarchés de quatre quartiers de Montréal (Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Élise Jalbert-Arsenault

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : L’environnement alimentaire constitue un domaine propice si l'on veut influencer les habitudes alimentaires de la population. Cette étude visait à élaborer un outil de mesure de l’environnement alimentaire dans les commerces et à caractériser l’environnement alimentaire dans un secteur de Montréal (Canada possédant un niveau de revenu de faible à moyen. Méthodologie : Nous avons développé un outil, la Mesure de l’environnement alimentaire du consommateur dans les supermarchés (MEAC-S et nous l’avons mis à l’essai pour en confirmer la fiabilité. Nous avons utilisé la MEAC-S pour évaluer l’environnement alimentaire de consommation de 17 supermarchés dans quatre quartiers de Montréal. Nous avons mesuré la longueur d’étalage, la diversité, le prix, le nombre de présentoirs et la position en magasin des fruits et légumes (FL et des produits alimentaires ultra-transformés (PAUT. Nous avons également évalué la qualité des FL frais. La taille du magasin a été estimée en utilisant la longueur totale d’étalage mesurée pour toutes les catégories d’aliments. Nous avons effectué des corrélations de Spearman entre ces indicateurs de l’environnement alimentaire. Résultats : Les analyses de fiabilité ont donné des résultats satisfaisants pour la plupart des indicateurs. La caractérisation de l’environnement alimentaire a révélé une grande variabilité de la longueur d’étalage, de la diversité et du prix des FL entre les supermarchés ainsi qu’une mise en valeur disproportionnée des PAUT. Le nombre de présentoirs de PAUT hors de leur emplacement principal de vente variait de 7 à 26 et ces produits occupaient de 8 à 33 positions stratégiques en magasin, alors que le nombre de présentoirs hors de l’emplacement principal de vente de FL frais était supérieur à 1 dans seulement 2 des 17 magasins évalués et qu’ils occupaient un maximum de 2 emplacements strat

  8. Antibiotics and preterm labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertz, H L; Ernest, J M

    2001-08-01

    Prematurity is a profound obstetric problem and to date no effective treatment or prevention strategies have been found. Many animal and clinical data exist to link infection and preterm labor, yet clinical trials examining the effect of antibiotic treatment in patients with patterns labor and intact membranes have been conflicting and disappointing. Beyond treatment to reduce neonatal group B streptococcal infection, sexually transmitted infections, symptomatic bacterial vaginosis, and bacteriuria, no clinical data exist at this time to support the routine use of antibiotics in patients with preterm labor and intact membranes.

  9. Labor Agreement Information System (LAIRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Labor Agreement Information Retrieval System (LAIRS) is a database containing historical information on labor-management relations in the Federal Government. It...

  10. Comparative study of programmed labor and traditional management of labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitin S. Kshirsagar

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prolongation of labor leads to dehydration, ketoacidosis, infection, fetal asphyxia. Programmed labor aims at reducing the duration of labor, labor pain and incidence of cesarean section with improved maternal and neonatal outcome. Aims and Objectives: 1To evaluate the effect of programmed labor on duration of labor. 2To assess efficacy of analgesics in reducing pain of labor. 3To find out maternal and neonatal complications. 4To study impact of programmed labor on LSCS rates. Methods: Prospective randomized study of primigravida in active labor (after 4 cm cervical dilatation for which 100 women were selected for programmed labor (cases and 100 women were selected for traditional management of labor (controls. Cases were subjected to interventions to improve uterine contractions (ARM, Dinoprostone tablets, and Oxytocin drip, to facilitate cervical dilatation (Inj. Drotaverine, to relieve labor pains (Inj. Pentazocine & Diazepam. All labors were monitored by partogram. Results: Programmed labor reduced duration of first and second stage of labor. There was faster cervical dilatation (1.8 cm/hour against 1.2 cm/hour. Majority of the patients had better pain relief. There was no impact on LSCS rates Conclusions: Programmed labor significantly reduced duration of labor with good pain relief without compromising maternal and fetal/neonatal safety. But it had no impact on LSCS rates. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2013; 2(2.000: 209-212

  11. Panorama general 1970 al 2005 de la matrícula y el egreso universitarios en México como indicadores de la tensión en el mercado laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angeles Valle Flores

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This work presents some of the advances made by a project related to professional employment of graduates from public and private universities in Mexico. Specifically, it describes the results of the stage of quantitative investigation of the characteristics of matriculation and graduation in higher education, by area of study, major and modality, from 1970 to 2005. The work encompasses the total national population as well as some of the characteristics of labor participation at the professional level. The work is focused on the population of public and private institutions because of the growing presence of the latter in addressing demand and in order to understand the labor market, which appears to be increasingly more competitive and institutionally differentiated. Our work is based on the supposition that the quantitative exploration of the dynamic of higher education in Mexico over the last 35 years offers elements to identify some of the characteristics of professional labor markets and the levels of tension due to saturation. The study's quantitative investigation is one dimension, among others, that to a certain extent contributes to understanding the role of education in the labor market and, in general, the social function of education; two of the broader objectives of the project presented herein

  12. CHILD LABOR IN PALEMBANG

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ariyanti, Indri; Marwa, Taufiq; Tarmizi, Nurlina; Soebyakto, Bambang Bemby

    2016-01-01

    This research explains the effects of gender, parents’ education, parent’s income, the number of siblings, childbirth order, the presence of parents and patriarchal kinship system on the probability of child labor in Palembang...

  13. Spontaneous Pneumomediastinum in Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benlamkadem, Said; Labib, Smael; Harandou, Mustapha

    2017-01-01

    Spontaneous pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema also known as Hamman's syndrome is a very rare complication of labor that is often related to the valsalva maneuver during the labor. In most case, Hamman's syndrome is a self-limiting condition, rarely complicated unless there are underlying respiratory diseases. Chest X-ray can be a useful early diagnostic technique in severe clinical presentation. We report an uneventful pregnancy in a primigravid parturient, which was complicated in the late second stage of labor by the development of subcutaneous emphysema, pneumomediastinum, and mild pneumothorax. Spontaneous recovery occurred after four days of conservative management. This condition shows the major interest of labor analgesia especially locoregional techniques. PMID:28316849

  14. Bureau of Labor Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov Disability.gov Freedom of Information Act | Privacy & Security Statement | Disclaimers | Customer Survey | Important Web Site Notices U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics | Postal Square Building, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE Washington, ...

  15. Preterm Labor and Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Scientific Name Preterm labor Preterm birth Preterm infant Late-preterm birth ... first-time pregnancies No benefit in treating mildly low thyroid function in pregnancy, NIH Network study finds ...

  16. Labor Law Renewal

    OpenAIRE

    Sachs, Benjamin Ian

    2007-01-01

    This essay challenges the conventional wisdom that American labor law has reached a dead end. I argue that the dysfunctionality of the National Labor Relations Act has led not to "ossification" - as many believe - but to a hydraulic effect: unable to find an outlet through the NLRA, the continuing demand for collective action has forced open alternative legal channels. The essay outlines three examples to illustrate these emerging trends. The first involves the ability of several thousand ...

  17. Pregnancy and labor massage

    OpenAIRE

    Field, Tiffany

    2010-01-01

    Massage therapy has been demonstrated to be effective during pregnancy. Women who received massage therapy reported decreased depression, anxiety, and leg and back pain. Cortisol levels decreased and, in turn, excessive fetal activity decreased, and the rate of prematurity was lower in the massage group. In a study of labor pain, women who received massage therapy experienced significantly less pain, and their labors were on average 3 h shorter with less need for medication. An underlying mec...

  18. [Active management of labor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz Ortiz, E; Villalobos Román, M; Flores Murrieta, G; Sotomayor Alvarado, L

    1991-01-01

    Eighty three primigravidae patients at the end of latency labor, erased cervix, 3 cm dilation, vertex presentation and adequate pelvis, were studied. Two groups were formed: 53 patients in the study group, who received active management of labor, and 30 patients in the control group, treated in the traditional way. In all the patients a graphic recording of labor, was carried out; it included all the events, and as labor advanced, a signoidal curve of cervical dilatation, was registered, as well as the hyperbolic one for presentation descent. The study group received the method in a systematized manner, as follows: 1. Peridular block. 2. Amniotomy. 3. IV oxytocin one hour after amniotomy. 4. FCR monitoring. 5. Detection of dystocia origin. Materno-fetal morbidity was registered in both groups, as well as cesarean section rate, instrumental delivery and its indications, labor duration, and time of stay in labor room. Diminution of above intems and opportune detection of dystocia, were determined. It was concluded that a constructive action plan, starting at hospital admission in most healthy women, allows a normal delivery of brief duration.

  19. 76 FR 18831 - Updating Regulations Issued Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ..., 516, 531, et al. Updating Regulations Issued Under the Fair Labor Standards Act; Final Rule #0;#0... other issues through non-regulatory means. 7. Fair Labor Standards Act Amendments of 1974 A. Service... Standards Act AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division, Department of Labor. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: In this...

  20. CHILD LABOR DISGRACE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Shanxi Province child labor scandal has shocked China to its core. Over 1,000 children were forced into illegal labor by morally bankrupt brick kiln businesses, throwing a depressing shroud over China’s rapid development. Uncovering these tales of abduction, death and the physical and mental abuse endured by these children has been a proud moment for China’s press. Several hundred of the kiln slave children have now been reunited with their families. Kiln owners, contractors and accomplices are being brought to justice or hunted down, some even charged with murder.However, in all this gloom some good has surfaced.Public and government attention is now focused on erasing child labor once and for all and for better protecting workers’ rights, hopefully ridding China of such disgraces in the future.

  1. Management of preterm labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hole, J W; Tressler, T B

    2001-02-01

    Preterm labor and delivery continues to be one of the most serious problems in obstetrics, both medically and socioeconomically. The more classically used definitions of preterm delivery may not be useful in this era of advances in neonatal care. Similarly, the classically used criteria for "success" in tocolysis may obscure benefits from prolongation of gestation that does not meet these criteria. This article reviews the etiologic theories, risk factors, diagnostic techniques, and possible primary and adjunctive modes of therapy for preterm labor. The emphasis of these recommendations is on their clinical utility for the practicing obstetric care provider.

  2. Labor Market Progeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodeheaver, Dean

    1990-01-01

    Social ambivalence toward women's roles, sexuality, appearance, and aging combine with social standards of attractiveness to create both age and sex discrimination in the workplace. The life expectancy of presentability is shorter among women than men, thus creating an accelerated aging process termed labor market progeria. (SK)

  3. Labor and Birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... pushing your baby down and out of the birth canal. In other words, labor pain has a purpose. Try the following to help ... Opioids don't get rid of all the pain, and they are short-acting. They can make ... birth. Epidural and spinal blocks – An epidural involves placing ...

  4. Proyección laboral de jóvenes que presentan deficiencia intelectual pertenecientes al proyecto de integración escolar municipal y escuelas especiales en la ciudad de San Felipe, Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Emilio Manosalva Mena

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta de una investigación que se realizó dentro de la ciudad de San Felipe (Chile, con cuatro establecimientos educacionales y empresas de la zona. De las escuelas que entregan formación laboral a jóvenes que presentan deficiencia mental, dos son escuelas especiales tradicionales y dos son liceos técnico-profesionales en la modalidad de inclusión/integración de estudiantes con y sin discapacidad. Se estimó pertinente la realización de un estudio de tipo cualitativo descriptivo, principalmente para conocer el tipo de formación que reciben estos alumnos, la demanda de mano de obra que requiere la comuna, y la percepción que posee el empresariado que emplea en sus dependencias a personas que presentan discapacidad intelectual. Los resultados de la investigación permitieron establecer que existe una descontextualización e incoherencia entre la demanda, la oferta de mano de obra y la formación laboral de los jóvenes con discapacidad intelectual en la ciudad de San Felipe.

  5. Child labor, agricultural shocks and labor sharing in rural Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Z.Y. Debebe (Zelalem)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe author studies the effect of an agricultural shock and a labor sharing arrangement (informal social network) on child labor. Albeit bad parental preference to child labor (as the strand of literature claims), poor households face compelling situations to send their child to work. Thi

  6. Child labor, agricultural shocks and labor sharing in rural Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Z.Y. Debebe (Zelalem)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe author studies the effect of an agricultural shock and a labor sharing arrangement (informal social network) on child labor. Albeit bad parental preference to child labor (as the strand of literature claims), poor households face compelling situations to send their child to work.

  7. El teletrabajo como tendencia del mercado laboral / Telecommuting as a labor market tendency

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Sánchez, Rebeca

    2012-01-01

    El artículo presenta al teletrabajo como la última trasformación del trabajo a través de la historia del pensamiento económico. Se analiza desde diversos aspectos tales como su concepto y propuesta de clasificación, el derecho laboral, la motivación y el perfil de los teletrabajadores así como sus áreas de aplicación. El teletrabajo es una tendencia laboral actual que está trasformando la idea de que el ser humano debe salir de casa y trasladarse físicamente a un lugar para tra...

  8. Child Labor in America's History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Harold

    1976-01-01

    A brief history of child labor and the fight for legislation to control it at both the state and federal level. The current legal status and the continued existence of child labor in modern times are also discussed. (MS)

  9. Child Labor in America's History

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Harold

    1976-01-01

    A brief history of child labor and the fight for legislation to control it at both the state and federal level. The current legal status and the continued existence of child labor in modern times are also discussed. (MS)

  10. Una visión ponderada de la legislación laboral: comentarios al régimen MYPE y a la propuesta de «Ley de la Nueva Empresa»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Sánchez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A weighted view of labor law: commentaries on the MSE regime and the proposal «Law of New Enterprise»The present article evaluates constitutional character of the regime of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSE and the legislative proposal of «Law of New Enterprise» from the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court. With this purpose it starts with analyzing own characters of the right to equality as a classical liberal right that is based on social rights as the right to work. Finally, the article seeks to dispel doubt of whether those regimes, MSE and the Law of New Enterprise, they obey to a policy of promotion of employment or rather they introduce a differentiated treatment without objective basis and therefore unconstitutional.

  11. Labor Arbitration and Dispute Resolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getman, Julius G.

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the nature of labor arbitration; then explores the transferability of the labor arbitration model. Argues that the establishment and legitimation of unions and collective bargaining are responsible for the success of labor arbitration, not vice versa. Available from The Yale Law Journal, 401A Yale Station, New Haven, Connecticut 06520;…

  12. Does labor market history matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lesner, Rune Vammen

    2014-01-01

    This paper finds that labor market history plays an important role in the Danish labor market both by directly affecting the transitions between labor market states and indirectly through the wage. When comparing the relative importance of different types of state dependence, it is found...

  13. Patrones de Participación Laboral Femenina

    OpenAIRE

    Marcela Perticara

    2005-01-01

    Este trabajo explora la dinámica de participación laboral de las mujeres en Chile utilizando una base de datos longitudinales contenidas en la Encuesta de Protección Social. El objetivo primordial es evaluar en qué medida el nacimiento de los hijos puede afectar la decisión de empleo de las mujeres, incluyendo a aquellas con gran apego al mercado laboral. La inclusión de un efecto individual invariante en el tiempo permitirá capturar los efectos del bagaje cultural sobre el apego laboral de l...

  14. Division of Labor

    KAUST Repository

    Oke, Muse

    2014-09-12

    The first assignment of DNA polymerases at the eukaryotic replication fork was possible after the in vitro reconstitution of the simian virus 40 (SV40) replication system. In this system, DNA polymerase α (Pol α) provides both leading and lagging strands with RNA-DNA primers that are extended by DNA polymerase δ (Pol δ). Extrapolating the architecture of the replication fork from the SV40 model system to an actual eukaryotic cell has been challenged by the discovery of a third DNA polymerase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DNA polymerase ε (Pol ε). A division of labor has been proposed for the eukaryotic replication fork whereby Pol ε replicates the leading strand and Pol δ replicates the lagging strand. However, an alternative model of unequal division of labor in which Pol δ can still participate in leading-strand synthesis is plausible.

  15. Labor Informality: General Causes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Sandoval Betancour

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the main causes of labor informality in order to verify the validity of classical theories that explain unemployment in market economies and its relationship to informality. Methodologically, the project was based, in the empirical part, on international statistics, comparing the evolution of labor market structure in a combined sample of highly industrialized countries and other less industrialized ones. Empirical evidence supports the conclusion that the classical economic theory of Marxist origin is inefficient to explain the causes of unemployment in contemporary market economies, as well as it fails to satisfactorily explain informality. On the contrary, we conclude that the theory in question is more relevant to explain informality in centrally planned economies where this phenomenon has been present even more significantly than in free market economies.

  16. El Acoso ó “Mobbing” Laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcira Isabel Muñoz Osorio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:Este artículo, producto de un proyecto de investigación institucional y un proyecto de aula de la cátedra dederecho laboral individual, realiza un análisis de las situaciones que surgen en el ámbito del ambiente laboral,que de una u otra forma perjudican y desestabilizan al trabajador, sujeto pasivo del acoso. El artículo pretendedar a conocer que todo ultraje y/o maltrato que se presenta en el ambiente laboral de manera repetitiva, públicay que atenta contra la dignidad humana, hoy día es objeto de sanciones. Se revisan además los antecedentes yel marco jurídico de esta conducta.Palabras claves:Acoso laboral, mobbing, agresivo, persistente, demostrable, atropello.Abstract:This article, the product of an institutional research project and a draft class of the class of individual employmentlaw, an analysis of the situations that arise in the context of the workplace, which in one way or another harmand destabilize the worker, taxpayer harassment. The article aims to show that every outrage and / or abuse thatoccurs in the workplace so repetitive, public and undermines human dignity, is now subject to sanctions. It alsolooks into the background and legal framework for this behavior.Keywords:Harassment, bullying, aggressive, persistent, demonstrable killing.

  17. Estimulação elétrica transcutânea no alívio da dor do trabalho de parto: revisão sistemática e meta-análise Transcutaneous electrical stimulation for pain relief during labor: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa F. D. Mello

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: A estimulação elétrica transcutânea (EET é um método não farmacológico utilizado no alívio da dor do trabalho de parto. Sua aplicação representa um método adjuvante que não se propõe a substituir outras técnicas. OBJETIVOS: Desenvolver uma revisão sistemática para avaliar a eficácia da EET comparada à ausência de EET ou placebo, segundo os desfechos: alívio da dor do trabalho de parto (desfecho primário, uso de analgesia complementar, duração do trabalho de parto, satisfação da parturiente, tipo de parto e repercussões fetais (desfechos secundários. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se uma busca sistemática nas bases de dados PubMed, LILACS e SCIELO por ensaios clínicos randomizados e quasirandomizados, publicados entre 1966 e 2008. As palavras-chave utilizadas foram 'TENS', 'labor', 'labor pain' e 'labor obstetric'. A seleção de artigos elegíveis e a avaliação de sua qualidade metodológica foram feitas independentemente por dois revisores. Meta-análises de efeitos randômicos foram realizadas quando estudos que investigavam um mesmo desfecho eram suficientemente homogêneos. RESULTADOS: Nove estudos, incluindo 1076 gestantes, foram selecionados. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos no alívio da dor do parto (pooled RR=1,09; 95%IC=0,72-1,65 ou na necessidade de analgesia complementar (pooled RR=0,89; 95%IC=0,74-1,08. Não se observou evidência da interferência da EET em nenhum dos desfechos, exceto no desejo da parturiente em utilizar a EET em futuros partos. CONCLUSÕES: A utilização da EET não demonstrou nenhum impacto sobre a mãe ou concepto e nenhuma influência no trabalho de parto. De acordo com os resultados desta revisão, não há evidência de que a EET reduz o uso de analgesia complementar.BACKGROUND: Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS is a non-pharmacological pain relief method. It is an auxiliary method and not intended to replace other techniques. OBJECTIVES

  18. VARIABILIDAD ESPACIAL DEL CARBONO EN UN SUELO DESPUÉS DE 10 AÑOS DE RETIRO E INCORPORACIÓN DE RESIDUOS DE COSECHA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Cristóbal Acevedo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Determinar con exactitud el comportamiento del carbono orgánico del suelo, cuando se utilizan agroquímicos y se retiran los residuos de cosecha (manejo convencional, MC y cuando los residuos de cosecha se incorporan al suelo sin el uso de agroquímicos (manejo orgánico, MO tiene implicaciones ambientales y productivas. Para evaluar el efecto del MO y MC, sobre la densidad aparente del suelo (DAP, el carbono orgánico del suelo (COS y el carbono capturado por el suelo (CCS, se llevó a cabo un experimento en parcelas cultivadas con maíz durante 10 años. Al final de los 10 años se efectuó un muestreo sistemático con espaciamientos de 5 m; se tomaron 152 muestras en la parcela orgánica y 72 en la parcela convencional determinando la DAP, COS y CCS. Con los datos obtenidos se analizó el comportamiento de cada variable por medio de técnicas de estadística clásica y geoestadística. El MO presentó un mayor % de COS y cantidad de CCS, así como una menor DAP en comparación con el MC; aunque desde el punto de vista estadístico no se tuvo efecto significativo (P > 0.05 por estas prácticas. El MO incrementó la variabilidad estadística del COS y el CCS, y no afecto la variabilidad estadística de la DAP. La variabilidad espacial del COS y el CCS expresada mediante los semivariogramas y los mapas de isovalores coincidió con la variabilidad expresada por los coeficientes de variación, dados por la estadística clásica. La estructura espacial del COS y del CCS denotada por el semivariograma experimental, fue semejante para el MO y el MC. El MO provocó un incremento en la estructura espacial del COS y CCS y no tuvo efecto sobre la DAP.

  19. Labor contractors: a conceptual overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, P M

    1996-01-01

    "The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of labor brokering or contracting that helps to explain why employers turn to foreign workers to fill certain vacant jobs, and how the presence of foreign workers brought to a country by labor contractors can affect the size and duration of migration flows. The major conclusion is that East Asian policies that aim to avoid the settlement of unskilled foreign workers also make labor brokering a prominent feature of labor migration and migrant labor markets in the region."

  20. 75 FR 8402 - Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... as the sale and trafficking of children, debt bondage and serfdom and forced or compulsory labor... Labor, Forced Labor and Human Trafficking, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, USDOL, 200... labor or forced labor in violation of international standards under Trafficking Victims...

  1. How to Tell When Labor Begins

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Several days before labor begins or at the onset of labor What is false labor? Your uterus may contract ... for changes in your cervix that signal the onset of labor. One good way to tell the difference is ...

  2. LA INSATISFACCIÓN LABORAL COMO FACTOR DEL BAJO RENDIMIENTO DEL TRABAJADOR

    OpenAIRE

    Granda Carazas, Segundo Eloy; Facultad de Ciencias Contables, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos

    2014-01-01

    El tema "la insatisfacción laboral como factor del bajo rendimiento del trabajador" es importante, ya que se puede constatar que en algunas organizaciones, pese a sus significativos esfuerzos para ampliar y modernizar su infraestructura, afrontan problemas de rendimiento laboral. Este artículo se orienta a determinar en qué medida la insatisfacción laboral se asocia al bajo rendimiento laboral en una organización. Como factores constituyentes de la insatisfacción laboral se considerar...

  3. Relación entre la satisfacción laboral y el trato digno que brinda el profesional de Enfermería al paciente que acude a una institución privada de salud de IV nivel de atención, Lima 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Casildo Bedón, Danitza Raquel

    2015-01-01

    s Objetivo: Establecer la relación entre la satisfacción laboral y el trato digno que brinda el profesional de Enfermería al paciente que acude a una institución privada de salud de IV nivel de atención en la ciudad de Lima. Metodología: El estudio fue de diseño no experimental; tipo cuantitativo, descriptivo, correlacional y transversal. La población estuvo constituida por 57 profesionales de Enfermería que trabajan en el área asistencial de la Clínica San Felipe, durante el último año. En l...

  4. 29 CFR 401.9 - Labor organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Labor organization. 401.9 Section 401.9 Labor Regulations... MEANING OF TERMS USED IN THIS SUBCHAPTER § 401.9 Labor organization. Labor organization means a labor organization engaged in an industry affecting commerce and includes any organization of any kind, any...

  5. EVALUACIÓN DEL PROGRAMA DEL SEGURO POPULAR DEL 2002 AL 2005. Impacto en la utilización de servicios médicos, en el gasto en salud y en el mercado laboral.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Arenas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina el impacto del Seguro Popular ( SP en la utilización de servi - cios de salud, en el gasto de los hogares en salud y en el mercado laboral. El análisis se realiza por género y origen de la población (urbano y rural utilizando datos longi - tudinales de la Encuesta Nacional sobre Niveles de Vida de los Hogares ( ENNViH , y el método de emparejamiento de marcadores de propensión. En general, se observa que el SP no ha tenido un impacto en el número de hospitalizaciones y consultas externas, con excepción de las mujeres de origen urbano. El análisis por institución muestra que el SP ha provocado un incremento en la consulta ofrecida en estable - cimientos de la Secretaría de Salud ( SSA en poblaciones urbanas. Adicionalmente, se observa que el SP ha tenido un impacto negativo en la cobertura del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social ( IMSS y en el empleo formal de las mujeres de origen urbano, y de los hombres de origen rural. En el ámbito del hogar, no se encuentra ningún impacto en el gasto en salud.

  6. Acupuncture and Acupressure in Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlaeger, Judith M; Gabzdyl, Elizabeth M; Bussell, Jeanie L; Takakura, Nobuari; Yajima, Hiroyoshi; Takayama, Miho; Wilkie, Diana J

    2017-01-01

    Acupuncture and acupressure, 2 modalities of Traditional Chinese Medicine, are based on reducing pain and symptoms of disease through balancing yin and yang. Acupuncture and acupressure have been used in China for reduction of labor pain, labor augmentation, and other intrapartum indications for more than 2 millennia. This article presents a review of the current literature that has addressed the effects of acupuncture and acupressure on intrapartum events. Studies of acupuncture have demonstrated that acupuncture may reduce labor pain, the use of pharmacologic agents, the use of forceps and vacuum-assisted births, and the length of labor. Studies that examined the effect of acupuncture on labor that is induced or augmented for premature rupture of membranes have found that acupuncture may increase the degree of cervical ripening but does not reduce the amount of oxytocin or epidural analgesia administration, nor does it shorten length of induced labor. Acupressure may reduce labor pain and labor duration, but acupressure has not been found to increase cervical ripening or induce labor. There are insufficient studies about acupuncture and acupressure and their effects on labor at this time, and there is need for further research. Areas of uncertainty include efficacy, optimal point selection, best techniques, and length of time for point stimulation.

  7. [International trends in laboral risk legislation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Vigil, José Luis

    2010-01-01

    It had been established that labor damage are: laboral injuries, professional diseases and others diseases related with laboral conditions. All of them are referred to as diseases or damages suffered as a consequence of a laboral relations. It is implicated that the damage occurs in the place or during a laboral scheduled time with a causal direct relation. There is a trend in the Spanish laboral legislation, which is controversial in laboral medicine, because it includes a Law for the Prevention of Laboral Risks that consider also to the chronic diseases as a cause no traumatic of a laboral risk to conditioned a damage during the laboral journey.

  8. Negotiation within labor relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iulia BĂDOI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Negotiation is the process we use in order to obtain things that we want and are controlled by others. Any desire we intend to fulfill, any need that we are obliged to meet is a potential bargaining situations. Between groups and individuals, negotiation occurs naturally, as some have one thing that the other wants and is willing to bargain to get it. More or less we are all involved in negotiations: closing a contract, buying a thing, obtaining sponsorships, collective decision making, conflict resolution, agreement on work plans. Within the field of labor relations, negotiation can occur on the occasion of closing / amending employment contracts or in order to regulate employment or work relations. Moreover, used properly, the negotiation can be an effective tool for solving labor disputes, with benefits for both involved parties. This paper aims to present negotiating principles and steps to follow in planning and preparing negotiations and the negotiating techniques that can lead to a successful negotiation based on a well-developed plan.

  9. Migration, transfers and child labor

    OpenAIRE

    Dimova, Ralitza; Epstein, Gil S; Gang, Ira N.

    2011-01-01

    We examine agricultural child labor in the context of emigration, transfers, and the ability to hire outside labor. We start by developing a theoretical background based on Basu and Van, (1998), Basu, (1999, 2000) and Epstein and Kahana (2008) and show how hiring labor from outside the household and transfers to the household might induce a reduction in children's working hours. Analysis using Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) data on the Kagera region in Tanzania lend support to the...

  10. Crime and the Labor Market

    OpenAIRE

    Freeman, Richard B.

    1982-01-01

    Much work on crime has focused on the effect of criminal sanctions on crime, ignoring (except as a control variable) the effect of labor market conditions on crime. This study reviews studies of time series, cross area, and individual evidence pertaining to the effect of unemployment and other labor market variables on crime and compares the "strength" of the labor market-crime and the sanctions-crime relations. It concludes that there is a labor market-crime link but that this link is not we...

  11. LC/MS/MS data analysis of the human uterine smooth muscle S-nitrosoproteome fingerprint in pregnancy, labor, and preterm labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig C. Ulrich

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The data described in this article is the subject of an article in the American Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology, titled “The Human Uterine Smooth Muscle S-nitrosoproteome Fingerprint in Pregnancy, Labor, and Preterm Labor” (doi:10.1152/ajpcell.00198.2013 (Ulrich et al., 2013 [1]. The data described is a large scale mass spectrometry data set that defines the human uterine smooth muscle S-nitrosoproteome differences among laboring, non-laboring, preterm laboring tissue after treatment with S-nitrosoglutathione.

  12. 76 FR 22921 - Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in Foreign Countries and Efforts by Certain Countries to Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor AGENCY: The Bureau of...

  13. 77 FR 9267 - Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in Foreign Countries and Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor AGENCY: The Bureau of...

  14. 78 FR 72714 - Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in Foreign Countries and Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor AGENCY: The Bureau of...

  15. 77 FR 70473 - Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Forced or Indentured Child Labor in the Production of Goods in Foreign Countries and Efforts by Certain Countries To Eliminate the Worst Forms of Child Labor AGENCY: The Bureau of...

  16. LABOR MARKET POLICIES AND EFFECTIVENESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DRITAN SHORAJ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper will be examined some important issues of the labor market policies in Albania. As well, the analysis of labor market institutions such as the Social Insurances or the Syndicates on the efficiency of employing active labor forces. Which are the policies on the protection of the labor forces and the criteria of definition of the minimum salary? Furthermore, it continues with the importance of reforms in the labor market policies, to be examined in the labor market aspect as a production factor and as a regulator of the internal market. Fast globalization is causing continuous risk and movement for the active labor forces. The increase and development of technology puts out of the market many employees, decreasing the number of unqualified employees and increases the demand for the qualified ones. Does the globalization really affect the labor market, efficiency and as a consequence increase production, or the latter are benefits only for the developed economic countries? At the same time, we shall examine the movement of the labor forces from one country to another and the fluctuation of the relevant salaries. In general, the analysis of this paper faces two key issues: the first being raised on discussion of the kinds of programs on the active labor forces, such as programs of direct employment or consideration of employment in public sector, and the second regarding the methodology of evaluating these programs. How effective are them on the domestic market? The paper ends with conclusions and recommendations on the efficiency of policies for the labor market forces.

  17. La Odisea al Paraíso. La peregrinación a Jerusalén de Don Fadrique Enriquez de Ribera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Martín, Pedro

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available En 1518, don Fadrique Enriquez de Ribera, Adelantando de Andalucía, peregrina desde Sevilla hasta Jerusalén, La fe católica le lleva a recrear la pasión de Cristo en los Santos Lugares. Pero también su formación humanista, la cultura de las armas y las letras del Renacimiento, le mueve a recorrer las ciudades repúblicas italianas, Al regresar a su morada, en 1520, hace edificar la Casa de Pilatos, donde recuerda su experiencia romera en un diario e introduce el estilo renacentista en los palacios hispalenses. En el retiro de ese locus amoenus soñará con la visión de la Tierra Prometida, Aquel viaje fue su cruzada pacífica a los paisajes de Tierra Santa, La Odisea al Paraíso.…

  18. Migrant labor absorption in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayagam, J

    1992-01-01

    The use of migrant workers to ease labor shortages caused by rapid industrialization in Malaysia during the twentieth century is examined. "This paper will focus on: (1) the extent, composition and distribution of migrant workers; (2) the labor shortage and absorption of migrant workers; and (3) the role of migrant workers in the government's economic restructuring process."

  19. Health and Labor Force Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berkowitz, Monroe; Johnson, William G.

    1974-01-01

    Analytic labor force participation models which exclude information on worker health care lack explanatory power. If costs of disability can be separated through better information into costs reducible through delivery of health care, and costs more appropriately dealt with through labor market policies, the models will be improved. (KP)

  20. Murphy's Moral Economy of Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, Roger D.

    1996-01-01

    Praises and summarizes James Bernard Murphy's "The Moral Economy of Labor: Aristotelian Themes in Economic Theory." Linking economic theories from Adam Smith to Karl Marx, Murphy criticizes traditional economic and social thinking regarding the division of labor. He proposes an integration of conceptualization and execution to humanize…

  1. Labor Unions and Asset Prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busato, Francesco; Addessi, William

    The paper investigates the nexus between labor and financial markets, focusing on the interaction between labor union behavior in setting wages, firms' investment strategy and asset prices. The way unions set wage claims after observing firm's financial performance increases the volatility of firms...

  2. A Select Bibliography of Books on Labor Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, DC.

    This annotated bibliography of 90 books on labor issues presents selections in the following areas: labor history, biographies, contemporary issues, labor economics and labor relations, labor law, labor unions, women and work, and reference books. (DB)

  3. Popularizing labor analgesia in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Zi Tian; Gao, Xue Lian; Yang, Hui Xia

    2007-09-01

    In China many women in labor are young primigravidas whose fear of labor pain leads them to request cesarean deliveries. While the rate of cesarean deliveries has reached 50% in many hospitals, less than 1% of women in labor are given neuraxial analgesia. The necessary equipment is seldom available in China and many physicians have misconceptions about the risks associated with neuraxial analgesia, which are low with the ultra-low-dosages used today. However, attitudes have begun to change. Meetings held in China have brought together Chinese physicians and world experts on the various epidural and combined spinal-epidural techniques. Thanks to the information and support provided at these meetings clinical trials were carried out, more than 5000 women benefited from labor analgesia, and publications appeared in Chinese journals. An effective, safe, and cost-effective way to provide analgesia to women in labor may slow the increase in cesarean delivery rates across China and improve women's health in general.

  4. Misoprostol for induction of labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, Megan L; Wing, Deborah A

    2015-10-01

    Labor-induction rates have increased considerably in the United States as well as around the world. With up to half of all induced labors requiring cervical ripening, prostaglandins have been utilized to increase induction success and achieve vaginal delivery. Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 analog has the ability to mimic the changes of spontaneous labor and has been used off label for over 30 years as a labor-induction agent. In the following article, cervical ripening and induction of labor with misoprostol will be discussed. The risks and benefits of misoprostol for ripening and induction and routes of administration will be reviewed, as well as future directions and new developments for its use.

  5. Derecho procesal laboral colombiano : una mirada desde su historia y evolución

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Con este trabajo de investigación se pretende un estudio sobre la historia del derecho procesal laboral, con el objetivo principal de reconstruir los pasos que ha dado el legislador a lo largo de los años hasta llegar al Código Procesal Laboral que actualmente rige en Colombia.

  6. Derecho procesal laboral colombiano : una mirada desde su historia y evolución

    OpenAIRE

    Sierra Nieto, Estefanía; Palacio Velásquez, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    Con este trabajo de investigación se pretende un estudio sobre la historia del derecho procesal laboral, con el objetivo principal de reconstruir los pasos que ha dado el legislador a lo largo de los años hasta llegar al Código Procesal Laboral que actualmente rige en Colombia.

  7. Do flexible labor markets indeed reduce unemployment? A robustness check

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vergeer, R.; Kleinknecht, A.

    2012-01-01

    Nickell et al. (2005) have frequently been cited as empirical evidence that labor market rigidities cause high unemployment. We find that their model is not robust. Leaving their database unchanged and changing three details in their estimation procedure, it turns out that several policy-relevant co

  8. Sida y derecho laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Oscar Ermida Uriarte

    2015-01-01

    Contenido: Acceso al empleo. Principios de no discriminación.  Los exámenes previos. El principio de confidencialidad. ¿Promoción del empleo?. Estabilidad en el empleo. Proscripción del despido. Derecho, conservar un empleo apropiado. Controles médicos. Confidencialidad.Terminación de la relación de trabajo sin despido. Condiciones de trabajo. Exposición al riesgo de los trabajadores sanos. El trabajador seropositivo como factor de riesgo para el personal sano. Las condiciones de trabajo del ...

  9. Child Labor Requirements in Agriculture under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Child Labor Bulletin No. 102.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This booklet is a guide to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (also known as the Wage-Hour Law) which apply to minors employed in agriculture. The content is as follows: coverage of the child labor provisions regarding agricultural employment, minimum age standards for employment in agriculture, school hours and employment in…

  10. La movilidad laboral por emigración al exterior de docentes del claustro en la Universidad de Oriente Job mobility due to migration to other countries of professors from the Oriente University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Nicole Fernández Dieguez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Las universidades tienen una responsabilidad social con la formación de profesionales. Mantener una estabilidad en su claustro constituye una necesidad, por cuanto garantiza los recursos humanos calificados para el logro de la calidad educacional e investigativa. En contradicción con esta condición, en América Latina y el Caribe se ha producido un incremento de la emigración calificada hacia países desarrollados, muchos de esos emigrantes procedentes de centros universitarios. Cuba no está exenta de este proceso, y ha sido incluida dentro de las corrientes de robo de cerebros. La Universidad de Oriente (UO, de Santiago de Cuba, presentó una movilidad creciente de su claustro entre los años 2004 y 2013, en la que las emigraciones al exterior tienen una incidencia considerable. Fue motivo de atención en el presente trabajo los factores que están asociados a este tipo de movilidad. Para la recogida de información se procesó estadísticamente la información contenida en las bases de datos de la universidad, al tiempo que se aplicaron entrevistas a informantes claves y a docentes de la misma que hayan emigrado. Se utilizaron, además, los datos recogidos en el cuestionario aplicado a docentes del claustro de dicha universidad por el proyecto donde se insertan las autoras. Se reveló la necesidad de prestar atención a factores que se relacionan con la emigración de profesionales en la UO tales como: condiciones socioeconómicas, políticas migratorias, sus insatisfacciones profesionales y condiciones laborales en su relación agente- estructura. Universities have a social responsibility with the formation of new professionals. Keeping stability on its staff is a must, since that guarantees the qualified human resources to achieve educational and research quality. In opposition to this condition, in Latin America and the Caribbean we found an increase in the emigration indicators of professionals to developed countries, many of them

  11. Child Labor in the Global Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Edmonds, Eric V.; Nina Pavcnik

    2005-01-01

    Few issues in developing countries draw as much popular attention as child labor. This paper begins by quantifying the extent and main characteristics of child labor. It then considers the evidence on a range of issues about child labor. Fundamentally, child labor is a symptom of poverty. Low income and poor institutions are driving forces behind the prevalence of child labor worldwide. This study concludes by assessing the policy options to reduce worldwide child labor.

  12. Child Labor in the Global Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Eric V. Edmonds; Nina Pavcnik

    2005-01-01

    Few issues in developing countries draw as much popular attention as child labor. This paper begins by quantifying the extent and main characteristics of child labor. It then considers the evidence on a range of issues about child labor. Fundamentally, child labor is a symptom of poverty. Low income and poor institutions are driving forces behind the prevalence of child labor worldwide. This study concludes by assessing the policy options to reduce worldwide child labor.

  13. Does labor market history matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lesner, Rune Vammen

    2014-01-01

    This paper finds that labor market history plays an important role in the Danish labor market both by directly affecting the transitions between labor market states and indirectly through the wage. When comparing the relative importance of different types of state dependence, it is found...... that occurrence dependence from non-employment states seems to have the strongest effect on the employment rate, while employment history is the main driver of state dependence in the wage. Predictions based on the estimated model reveal potential negative long-term effects from external employment shocks...... and potential positive benefits from employment programs for long-term unemployed....

  14. La contrarreforma laboral de 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Amorós, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    La reforma laboral de 2012 es vertebra entorn de la Llei 3/2012, de 6 de juliol, de mesures urgents per a la reforma del mercat laboral, text que va entrar en vigor el dia 8 de juliol de 2012. Una Llei que encimbella el “mercat” -“laboral”- a la categoria de subjecte de dret. Des de l'òptica de la política del dret, la Llei 3/2012, reordena les fonts reguladores de les relacions laborals reconfigurant els poders normatius; i des de l'òptica de la lògica jurídica, fa servir, inadequadament, ca...

  15. Financial Globalization and Labor: Employee Shareholding or Labor Regression?

    OpenAIRE

    Nacho Álvarez Peralta; Bibiana Medialdea García

    2008-01-01

    The authors review from a critical perspective the ‘patrimonial capitalism’ approach, as well as its analysis of wage-labor transformations in developed economies during the last thirty years. For this purpose, they take the economies of France and the United States as study cases. According to this approach, patrimonial financialization of working households has involved a radical transformation of the wage-labor nexus, paradigmatically exemplified by the concept of employee shareholding. Th...

  16. Sida y derecho laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Ermida Uriarte

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Contenido: Acceso al empleo. Principios de no discriminación.  Los exámenes previos. El principio de confidencialidad. ¿Promoción del empleo?. Estabilidad en el empleo. Proscripción del despido. Derecho, conservar un empleo apropiado. Controles médicos. Confidencialidad.Terminación de la relación de trabajo sin despido. Condiciones de trabajo. Exposición al riesgo de los trabajadores sanos. El trabajador seropositivo como factor de riesgo para el personal sano. Las condiciones de trabajo del trabajador seropositivo. Información y relaciones colectivas de trabajo. Breves anotaciones de seguridad social

  17. Moriscos, esclavos y minas : comentario al memorial de Juan López de Ugarte o sobre cómo introducir a los moriscos en la labor de minas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Boyano Guerra

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Juan López de Ugarte, administrador general de minas, expone en el memorial que dirigió a Felipe III el 22 de agosto de 1609 dos problemas y una solución conjunta: la escasez de mano de obra para las minas, concretamente las de Almadén, y la consiguiente falta de azogue, con el llamado «problema morisco», argumentando que el uso de los moriscos para este trabajo supondría una solución más eficaz y que daría más beneficio a la Corona que la expulsión. En el memorial, que se presenta con la forma de los «arbitrios» dirigidos al rey que empezaron a proliferar a finales del siglo anterior y pretendían solucionar los problemas económico-sociales de España, los moriscos aparecen como inasimilables por permanecer «moros» en el interior, pese a ser cristianos en todos los aspectos visibles. La fecha de redacción del informe muestra cómo la decisión de la expulsión de la población morisca, largamente discutida tanto en el ámbito político como en el eclesiástico desde el último tercio del siglo anterior, se resolvió sobre la marcha. En el año en que comenzó a decretarse la expulsión la corona seguía buscando posibles modos de evitar una solución tan radical como el destierro. La esclavitud, por tanto, se presentaba como una solución menos drástica que otras planteadas y asumible por las conciencias cristianas, pese a las consecuencias para la vida de los esclavos de las minas de azogue.Juan López de Ugarte, general manager of mines, in his Memorial addressed to Philip III on August 22, 1609, states two problems and a common solution: the shortage of labour for the mines, specifically those of Almadén, and the consequent lack of mercury, and the socalled «Morisco problem», arguing that the use of the moriscos for the work would be a more effective solution and would give more benefit to the Crown than the expulsion. In the Memorial, written according to the form of the genre of «arbitrios», open letters addressed

  18. Türkiye’de Formel Piyasaya Yönelmede Kadın İşgücü Arzı Ve Gsyh Etkileri: Ampirik Bir Çalışma Female Labor Supply And Gdp Effects In Orientation To Formal Market In Turkey: An Empirical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat KORKMAZ

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The positive externality which will be created by women onindividual and society basis following taking part in labor market is anundisputable matter. Particularly the place of an educated woman inlabor market functions like locomotive due to the status of being amother. This positive externality is gradually expanding and can beseen as the source of country’s development and growth. As thedevelopment of a country depends on the production and similarly theproduction depends on human capital. However, as women are facedwith such negative conditions as low level of occupational safety, socialprotection, ill-pay in addition to social and cultural effects even incountries being a member to European Union where woman rights arefelt with the most developed status, the increase in participation ratesto labor force centers on “informal” markets more. Many studiesindicate that the women’s participation to labor force are not atsufficient level due to the effects of economic, social, cultural,demographical factors in Turkey. In the study, the purpose is todetermine the relations between women employment and totalemployment in labor market and the effects of employment on GDP.With this purpose, women employment numbers by sectors publishedin website of Turkish Statistical Institute, total employment numbers bycities and sectors, number of the insured by cities, jobless claims andTurkey GDP data were included in the analysis. Differences betweenMarch 2013 and the same period of the year before were attempted tobe determined by using horizontal section data in the study. Moreover,employment values by quarterly GDP and sex between the years of2008 and 2012 were used in the regression model where the effects ofemployment on GDP growth were tried to be determined. Basicstatistics, description methods with graphics, correlation analysis andregression models were used in the whole study. The graphics andanalyses in the study were created through Excel

  19. [Cerebral blood flow during labor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendel, H; Funk, A; Jörn, H; Gans, A

    1990-01-01

    The successful results obtained using Doppler sonography for antepartal diagnosis gave cause to use the method during labor. For this purpose doppler measurements of the intern fetal carotid artery of a group of 7 patients with normal course of pregnancy were made and a continuous direct CTG was recorded simultaneously. The Doppler parameter, the S/D-ratio, for the contraction phases were compared with those of the contraction--free phases. During the contraction phase the S/D-ratio was higher than during the relaxation period of the uterus. The difference between these values were proved to be statistically significant. A comparison of the doppler parameter of the patients at onset of labor and the patients at the end of labor showed, that the S/D-ratio increased significantly at the end of labor. This result demonstrates, that the intravascular resistance in the fetal carotid artery increased due to the cephalic pressure.

  20. Factores de riesgo laboral para tenosinovitis del miembro superior

    OpenAIRE

    Mayra Mevic Garrafa Núñez; María Cristina García Martín; Graciela Sánchez Lemus

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos: Identificar los factores de riesgo desencadenantes de tenosinovitis en los trabajadores verificando qué casos pueden ser considerados de origen laboral y reconocer las formas de presentación más frecuentes en relación al ámbito laboral. Metodología: Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica de la literatura científica publicada en Medline-PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CISDOC-ILO/OSH UPDATE, Scopus, LILACS e IBECS en el período comprendido entre 2007 a 2014. Resultados: Se obtiene u...

  1. Cultura organizacional, clima laboral y liderazgo en organizaciones educativas

    OpenAIRE

    Angulo Sainz, Juan Antonio

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal es relacionar las variables organizacionales, "cultura organizacional", "clima laboral" y "liderazgo" con la "satisfacción laboral del profesorado" y el "rendimiento" y "percepción de la convivencia por parte del alumnado" en centros de Educación Secundaria de la Comunidad Autónoma de Castilla y León, tanto públicos como privados. El capítulo I, "contextualización", hace referencia al desarrollo y configuración actual del Sistema Educativo Español no universitario. En lo...

  2. Inmigración e incorporación laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda Herranz

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available La perspectiva histórico-estructural neomarxista analiza los asentamientos inmigrantes en su variedad y en relación a coyunturas continuamente cambiantes en las sociedades receptores. La adaptación económica de los inmigrantes en la sociedad de acogida presenta una pluralidad de resultados que se muestran en formas de incorporación laboral diferenciadas. Desde esta perspectiva teórica se analizan las variables contextuales y relativas al propio grupo inmigrante que interactúan en la formación de tal diversidad en los modos de inserción laboral.

  3. Labor Supply and Optimization Frictions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Jakob Egholt

    2015-01-01

    In this paper I investigate the nature of optimization frictions by studying the labor market of Danish students. This particular labor market is an interesting case study as it features a range of special institutional settings that affect students’ incentive to earn income and comparing outcomes...... theory. More concretely I find the dominate optimization friction to be individuals’ inattention about their earnings during the year, while real adjustment cost and gradual learning appears to be of less importance....

  4. Why Should We Care about Child Labor? The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beegle, Kathleen; Dehejia, Rajeev; Gatti, Roberta

    2009-01-01

    Despite the extensive literature on the determinants of child labor, the evidence on the consequences of child labor on outcomes such as education, labor, and health is limited. We evaluate the causal effect of child labor participation among children in school on these outcomes using panel data from Vietnam and an instrumental variables strategy.…

  5. Why Should We Care about Child Labor? The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beegle, Kathleen; Dehejia, Rajeev; Gatti, Roberta

    2009-01-01

    Despite the extensive literature on the determinants of child labor, the evidence on the consequences of child labor on outcomes such as education, labor, and health is limited. We evaluate the causal effect of child labor participation among children in school on these outcomes using panel data from Vietnam and an instrumental variables strategy.…

  6. Efetividade de estratégias não farmacológicas no alívio da dor de parturientes no trabalho de parto La efectividad de estratégias no farmacológicas en el alivio del dolor de parturientas en el trabajo de parto Effectiveness of non-pharmacological strategies in relieving labor pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejane Marie Barbosa Davim

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se no estudo avaliar a efetividade de estratégias não-farmacológicas para o alívio da dor de parturientes no trabalho de parto. Ensaio clínico do tipo intervenção terapêutica antes e após, realizado em uma maternidade pública de Natal/RN - Brasil, com 100 parturientes na aplicação de exercícios respiratórios, relaxamento muscular, massagem lombossacral e banho de chuveiro. Utilizou-se a escala analógica visual para coleta de dados. A maioria das parturientes tinha entre 20 a 30 anos de idade (60%, ensino fundamental incompleto (85%, renda familiar de até 2 salários mínimos (74% e 78% estavam com acompanhantes. A ocitocina foi administrada em 81% dos casos, mas 15% não receberam qualquer medicação. Verificou-se diferença significativa no alívio da dor após a aplicação das ENF, demonstrando redução dessa dor à medida que aumentava a dilatação do colo. Conclui-se que as estratégias foram efetivas no alívio da intensidade da dor das parturientes estudadas durante o trabalho de parto.El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la efectividad de las estrategias no farmacológicas para aliviar el dolor de parturientas en el trabajo de parto. Se trata de un ensayo clínico con un tipo de intervención terapéutica antes y después, realizado en una maternidad pública de Natal/RN - Brasil, con 100 parturientas en la aplicación de ejercicios respiratorios, relajamiento muscular, masaje lumbosacra y baño de ducha. Se utilizó, para recolectar los datos, la escala analógica visual. La mayoría de las parturientas tenía entre 20 y 30 años de edad (60%, enseñanza fundamental incompleta (85%, renta familiar hasta 2 salarios mínimos (74%, 78% estaban con acompañantes. La oxitocina fue administrada en 81% de los casos y 15% no recibieron ningún medicamento. Se verifico una diferencia significativa en el alivio del dolor después de la aplicación de las ENF, demostrando una reducción de ese dolor en la medida que

  7. Oxytocin regimen for labor augmentation, labor progression, and perinatal outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Branch, D Ware; Ramirez, Mildred M; Laughon, S Katherine; Reddy, Uma; Hoffman, Mathew; Bailit, Jennifer; Kominiarek, Michelle; Chen, Zhen; Hibbard, Judith U

    2011-08-01

    To examine the effects and safety of high-dose (compared with low-dose) oxytocin regimen for labor augmentation on perinatal outcomes. Data from the Consortium on Safe Labor were used. A total of 15,054 women from six hospitals were eligible for the analysis. Women were grouped based on their oxytocin starting dose and incremental dosing of 1, 2, and 4 milliunits/min. Duration of labor and a number of maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared among these three groups stratified by parity. Multivariable logistic regression and generalized linear mixed model were used to adjust for potential confounders. Oxytocin regimen did not affect the rate of cesarean delivery or other perinatal outcomes. Compared with 1 milliunit/min, the regimens starting with 2 milliunits/min and 4 milliunits/min reduced the duration of first stage by 0.8 hours (95% confidence interval 0.5-1.1) and 1.3 hours (1.0-1.7), respectively, in nulliparous women. No effect was observed on the second stage of labor. Similar patterns were observed in multiparous women. High-dose regimen was associated with a reduced risk of meconium stain, chorioamnionitis, and newborn fever in multiparous women. High-dose oxytocin regimen (starting dose at 4 milliunits/min and increment of 4 millliunits/min) is associated with a shorter duration of first-stage of labor for all parities without increasing the cesarean delivery rate or adversely affecting perinatal outcomes. II.

  8. Department of Labor Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-26

    ... Fair Labor Standards Act 1235-AA04 ] Wage and Hour Division--Final Rule Stage Regulation Sequence Title Identifier Number Number 219 Amendments to the Fair Labor Standards Act 1235-AA00 220 Child Labor Regulations... Sequence Title Identifier Number Number 221 Application of the Fair Labor Standards Act to Domestic Service...

  9. [Trends in labor medicine in Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava-Hernández, Rodolfo

    2010-01-01

    Labor medicine is the natural field for searching the relation between society, work and disease. It is also the field for preventing labor diseases, and for the application resulting from search as protection measures in the laboral services. At present, tendencies in laboral medicine services are multidisciplinary where the specialists need to development competences in epidemiology, clinics, investigation, toxicology, dermatology and many other fields.

  10. Tax Policy and Labor Market Performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovenberg, A.L.

    2003-01-01

    In exploring the impact of tax policy on labor-market performance, the paper first investigates how tax reform impacts labor supply and equilibrium unemployment in representative agent models.The impact of tax policy on labor market performance depends importantly on various other labor-market insti

  11. 75 FR 13429 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings AGENCY: Office of the General Counsel, Federal Labor Relations...) revises portions of its regulations regarding unfair labor practice (ULP) proceedings. The purpose of the... analyses of the revisions to Part 2423--Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings are as follows: Part...

  12. Child labor and school policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago V. de V. Cavalcanti

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates whether child labor is socially inefficient. Baland and Robinson (2000 show that child labor might be inefficient when parents care for their children's welfare. In their model, child labor is explained by two factors: poverty and capital market imperfections. However, education in their model is readily available in terms of access, affordability and quality. This paper shows that the incidence of child labor is negatively related to school quality and positively related to the labor market conditions for children. It also shows that when children have no access to school or their access is limited, child labor is socially efficient. Therefore, a ban on child labor is not necessarily Pareto improving.Este artigo investiga se o trabalho infantil é socialmente ineficiente. Em recente artigo, Baland and Robinson (2000 mostram que, quando os pais se preocupam com o bem-estar dos filhos, o trabalho infantil é ineficiente. O emprego de crianças, no modelo desses autores, é explicado por dois fatores: pobreza e imperfeicões no mercado de crédito. No entanto, educação é prontamente disponível na economia de Baland e Robinson, tanto em termos de acesso, quanto de qualidade. Contudo, nos países em desenvolvimento, escolas não são disponíveis para todas as crianças, principalmente nas áreas rurais, onde o problema de emprego de menores é mais acentuado. Este artigo mostra que o grau de incidência de trabalho infantil nas sociedades depende da qualidade do sistema educacional e das condições de mercado de trabalho para as crianças. O artigo demonstra, ainda, que quando o acesso à escola é limitado, o trabalho infantil é socialmente eficiente. Assim, restrições legais de emprego de menores não necessariamente implicam uma melhora de Pareto.

  13. 76 FR 54835 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... September 2, 2011 Part II Department of Labor Wage and Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations; Civil Money Penalties; Proposed...; ] DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Wage and Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Child Labor Regulations...

  14. CHILD LABOR ABUSE: LEGAL ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darko Majhoshev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper addresses the problem of child labor and ways of protection from child labor abuse. Child labor is a negative social phenomenon that is widespread throughout the world, and also in Republic of Macedonia. International and national institutions and organizations are making serious efforts to eradicate this negative phenomenon, through the adoption of numerous international legal instruments (conventions, recommendations, declarations, etc.. Child labor as a phenomenon refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability of education, and that is socially, mentally, physically, or morally dangerous and harmful. All international organizations define this practice as exploitative and destructive to the development of the whole society. With international legal instruments of the UN, ILO, Council of Europe and the EU child labor is strictly prohibited. There are some important differences which exist between the many kinds of work that is done by children. Some of them are demanding and difficult, others are hazardous and morally reprehensible. Children are doing a very wide range of activities and tasks when they work.

  15. Intrauterine infection and preterm labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Varkha; Hirsch, Emmet

    2011-01-01

    Summary Preterm labor is defined as labor that begins before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy. More than 12% of infants born in the USA are preterm. At least 40% of preterm births are associated with intrauterine infection. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are members of a family of cell-surface proteins responsible for recognition of a diverse spectrum of bacterial, viral and fungal pathogens. TLRs initiate the host innate (i.e. non-adaptive) immune response, inducing a proinflammatory cascade involving cytokines, chemokines, prostaglandins, and other effector molecules that result in the characteristic phenomena of labor, such as uterine contractions and rupture of fetal membranes. These cascades may also be activated by mechanisms that are not primarily infectious but are accompanied by inflammatory responses. Now that the molecular mechanisms linking infection and labor have been, to a large extent, elucidated, the challenge is to identify points of overlap with non-infectious causes of labor and to find intervention strategies that can minimize the negative impact of preterm delivery. PMID:21944863

  16. Child labor: An integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Técia Maria Santos Carneiro e Cordeiro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to identify the knowledge available in the SciELO database of regarding child labor. It is an integrative review in SciELO Brazil database with the following selection criteria: a articles published in national journals; b articles published between 2010 to June 2011; c articles indexed in Portuguese; d addressing the child labor. The documentary corpus consists of six papers. The results point to the scarcity of publications for health professionals and the state of Bahia, the largest proportion of exploitation of child labor in rural areas, in males and in low income families, interference with the growing and physical and psychological development of children, and strategic proposals to combat the exploitation of child labor, combat poverty and compliance of the laws. It is concluded that child labor need to be the subject of debates, lectures, seminars and scientific researches to address the importance of this issue in society, its consequences, constitute a problem that economic, social, collective and that involves public health

  17. CHILD LABOR: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Técia Maria Santos Carneiro e Cordeiro

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to identify the knowledge available in the SciELO database of regarding child labor. It is an integrative review in SciELO Brazil database with the following selection criteria: a articles published in national journals; b articles published between 2010 to June 2011; c articles indexed in Portuguese; d addressing the child labor. The documentary corpus consists of six papers. The results point to the scarcity of publications for health professionals and the state of Bahia, the largest proportion of exploitation of child labor in rural areas, in males and in low income families, interference with the growing and physical and psychological development of children, and strategic proposals to combat the exploitation of child labor, combat poverty and compliance of the laws. It is concluded that child labor need to be the subject of debates, lectures, seminars and scientific researches to address the importance of this issue in society, its consequences, constitute a problem that economic, social, collective and that involves public health.

  18. EUROPA – UN LABORATOR AL COMUNICĂRII INTERCULTURALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigore GEORGIU

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The debates regarding the future of Europe have been recently focusingmore and more on topics such as European identity and cultural dimension of integration.Along the centuries, Europe has been a space where different cultures co-existed, but also aprivileged environment for intercultural communication. The European Union can become aviable entity if it succeeds in building, in time, a joint cultural space, able to strengthen the“community feeling” of citizens in the member states.

  19. Uso da eletroestimulação transcutânea para alívio da dor durante o trabalho de parto em uma maternidade-escola: ensaio clínico controlado The use of transcutaneous nerve stimulation for pain relief during labor in a teaching hospital: a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Augusta de Orange

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: determinar os desfechos maternos e neonatais de acordo com a aplicação ou não de estimulação elétrica transcutânea (EET para alívio da dor do trabalho de parto antes da instalação da técnica combinada (raquianestesia + peridural. MÉTODOS: realizou-se ensaio clínico, randomizado, aberto, envolvendo 22 parturientes, com gestação a termo e feto único em apresentação cefálica, atendidas em hospital-escola de nível terciário em Recife, Brasil. Estas pacientes foram randomizadas para receber ou não EET antes da instalação da anestesia combinada (raquianestesia + anestesia peridural para analgesia de parto. Avaliaram-se a intensidade da dor pela escala analógica visual (EAV, o tempo transcorrido entre a avaliação inicial e a necessidade de instalação da anestesia combinada, a duração do trabalho de parto, a freqüência de cesariana e parto instrumental, os escores de Apgar e a freqüência de hipóxia neonatal. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes de Mann-Whitney e exato de Fisher, considerando-se o nível de significância de 5%. RESULTADOS: o tempo decorrido entre a avaliação da dor da parturiente e a necessidade de instalação da técnica combinada foi significativamente maior no grupo da EET (mediana de 90 minutos quando comparado ao grupo controle (mediana de 30 minutos. A duração do trabalho de parto foi similar nos dois grupos (em torno de seis horas. Não houve diferença na evolução dos escores de EAV durante o trabalho de parto. A freqüência de cesariana foi de 18,2% nos dois grupos. Apenas um parto foi ultimado a fórcipe, no grupo controle. A mediana do escore de Apgar no quinto minuto foi 10, não se encontrando nenhum caso de hipóxia neonatal. CONCLUSÕES: a aplicação de EET foi efetiva em retardar a instalação da anestesia combinada para manter analgesia satisfatória durante o trabalho de parto, porém não apresentou efeito significativo sobre a intensidade da

  20. Emotional labor in nursing praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Manuel da Silva Vilelas

    Full Text Available Healthcare work is, by nature, an activity full of intense emotions and therefore, is opportune ground for exploring emotions in the workplace in different contexts of nursing care. It is a very fertile terrain if care is focused on the emotions of the client, nurses, healthcare teams, and on the interaction of all actors involved. This article presents a theoretical reflection exploring the concept of emotional labor in the context of nursing care. Theoretical references from several fields of knowledge, namely sociology and nursing, have been adopted to conceptualize the theme. Studies on emotional labor have contributed toward the understanding of the key issue of emotional management in healthcare institutions and both its positive and negative impact on clients and professionals. The development of the theme of emotional labor in nursing has given rise to numerous theoretical approaches and perspectives explaining this concept.

  1. Labor Unions and Asset Prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busato, Francesco; Addessi, William

    The paper investigates the nexus between labor and financial markets, focusing on the interaction between labor union behavior in setting wages, firms' investment strategy and asset prices. The way unions set wage claims after observing firm's financial performance increases the volatility of firms......' returns and the riskiness of corporate ownership. To remunerate this higher volatility and stronger risk, firms' equities have to grant high return. This mechanism is able to offer an explanation of for the "equity puzzle", that is it can explain the difference between equity returns and the risk free...

  2. Labor Contract Law Vs. Employment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qin Liang; Wang Ting

    2009-01-01

    @@ In Oct 2005, an IT company in Beijing signed one-year labor contracts with several employees, and they renewed the contracts in Oct 2006. When the contracts came to the end in Oct 2007, the company rejected to renew the contracts, but asked the employees to contract with an as-sociated company. The employees rejected this, but the practical labor relationship continued. Meanwhile, the company was in arrears of em-ployees' salaries, and didn't make full pay of the mandatory social insurance forced by national laws, even peculated the housing fund withheld from employees' salaries.

  3. Research to Quantify the Effect of Permanent Change of Station Moves on Wives’ Wages and Labor Supply.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    4, Jul 1974 [71 Heckman, James, "A Partial Survey of Recent Research on the Labor Supply of Women," American Economic Review Supplement, Vol. 63, No...2, May 1978 [8] Keeley, Michael, et al, "The Estimation of Labor Supply Models Using Experimental Data," American Economic Review , Vol. 68, No. 5, Dec...Offered Wages, and the Labor Supply of Married Women," American Economic Review , Vol. 69, No. 5, Dec 1979 [131 Polachek, Solomon, "Occupational Self

  4. Oxytocin Regimen for Labor Augmentation, Labor Progression, Perinatal Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Branch, D. Ware; Ramirez, Mildred M.; Laughon, S. Katherine; Reddy, Uma; Hoffman, Mathew; Bailit, Jennifer; Kominiarek, Michelle; Chen, Zhen; Hibbard, Judith U.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the effects and safety of high-dose (compared with low-dose) oxytocin regimen for labor augmentation on perinatal outcomes. Methods Data from the Consortium on Safe Labor were used. A total of 15,054 women from six hospitals were eligible for the analysis. Women were grouped based on their oxytocin starting dose and incremental dosing: 1, 2, and 4 mU/min. Duration of labor and a number of maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared among these three groups stratified by parity. Multivariable logistic regression and generalized linear mixed model were used to adjust for potential confounders. Results Oxytocin regimen did not affect the rate of cesarean delivery or other perinatal outcomes. Compared to 1 mU/min, the regimens starting with 2 mU/min and 4 mU/min reduced the duration of 1st stage by 0.8 hours (95% confidence interval 0.5 – 1.1) and 1.3 hours (1.0 – 1.7), respectively, in nulliparas. No effect was observed on the second stage of labor. Similar patterns were observed in multiparas. High-dose regimen was associated with a reduced risk of meconium stain, chorioamnionitis, and newborn fever in multiparas. Conclusion High-dose oxytocin regimen (starting dose at 4 mU/min and increment of 4 mU/min) is associated with a shorter duration of first stage of labor in all parities without increasing the cesarean delivery rate or adversely affecting perinatal outcomes. PMID:21775839

  5. Competencias y formación universitaria del documentalista en el Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES: estudio de su adecuación al entorno laboral Competences and University training of Documentalists in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA: study of adequacy to the job environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Oliva Marañón

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Las competencias del documentalista se han transformado con la implantación del Grado en Información y Documentación adaptado al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES. Los objetivos de esta investigación son analizar tanto las ofertas de empleo existentes para el área de Biblioteconomía y Documentación en el ámbito público y en la empresa privada, como los planes de estudios del Grado en Información y Documentación de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y de la Universidad de Sheffield (Reino Unido para verificar si se adecuan a las demandas de los empleadores. Se ha consultado la lista de distribución Infodoc, el Diario Oficial de la Unión Europea y las páginas Web de las Universidades citadas. Se confirma tanto la escasa adecuación entre los contenidos académicos de la titulación y las demandas de empleo en el ámbito público, como un desconocimiento de la titulación por parte de los empresarios. Se aportan algunas propuestas para mejorar la titulación de Grado en Información y Documentación con el objetivo de que los titulados se incorporen al mercado laboral con las máximas garantías.The competences of the Documentalist have undergone change with the introduction and adaptation of the Degree in Information and Documentation to the European Higher Education Area (EHEA. The aims of this research are to analyze the existing Librarianship and Documentation employment market in both the public and private sectors, and to assess the course of studies Degree in Information and Documentation offered by the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Sheffield University meet the needs of employers. This research reviews the distribution list of Infodoc, the Official Diary of the European Union and the Web pages of the aforementioned Universities, confirming general inadequacy between the academic contents of these degree programs and the job requirement of the public sector. Moreover, employers appear to be completely

  6. El principio de la consonancia en el procedimiento laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Mario Rojas Chávez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Con la reforma al procedimiento laboral contenida en la Ley 712 de 2001 se introdujo el principio de la consonancia, que indica que el juez laboral de segunda instancia al resolver el recurso de apelación sólo debe limitarse a las materias objeto del recurso. Este principio restringe la aplicación del contenido del principio constitucional sobre la irrenunciabilidad de los m{nimos de derechos y garant(as consagrados a favor del trabajador. Esta situación plantea un conflicto normativo de una disposición de origen legal y una norma constitucional. En sentencia C- 968 de 2003 -

  7. BUREAU OF MIGRANT LABOR REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    YERSAK, CHARLES G.

    A GRADUAL REDUCTION IN MIGRANT LABOR HAS OCCURRED IN NEW JERSEY BECAUSE OF MECHANIZATION AND URBANIZATION. THIS REDUCTION IS REFLECTED IN FEWER ACTIVE CAMPS THAT HOUSE WORKERS. THE TREND IS AWAY FROM THE USE OF FRAME BUILDINGS AND NEW CAMPS BEING BUILT ARE CONSTRUCTED OF CINDER BLOCK. THE MIGRANT FORCE IS LARGELY COMPOSED OF NEGROES FROM THE SOUTH…

  8. Library Labor Cost Accounting System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du Bois, Dan

    The Library Labor Cost Accounting System will provide visibility on current costs of manually processing library materials, at each campus as well as system-wide. The scope of the study includes the following: (1) 100 individual activities, grouped into 14 functional areas, e.g., Ordering, Receiving; and into 3 major operations: Acquisitions,…

  9. A global strategy for labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faux, Jeff

    2002-01-01

    The rules of the global market were established to protect the interests of investors at the expense of workers and they shift benefits to investors, costs to workers. Globalization is measured by the interests of investors. But 20 years of investor protectionism show that growth has slowed and equality has gotten worse. The purpose of neo-liberal policies has been to discipline labor to free capital from having to bargain with workers over gains from rising productivity. But such bargaining is the essence of a democratic market. Uncontrolled globalization puts government's domestic policies on the side of capital. In an economy whose growth depends on foreign markets, rising domestic wages make it harder to compete internationally. There has been a general deterioration of labor's position relative to capital's. A global marketplace implies a global politics, and the real work happens when representatives of multi-national business privately negotiate the rules. Labor must change the framework in which the investor class pursues its interest across borders, while workers are constricted by borders. Labor unions are critical; they can deny the human resource necessary for profits. The strike is the ultimate threat to investors. One solution: a "grand bargain" linking development with broadly increased living standards connected to planning for sustainable development to create a global social contract. Workers have advantages: they are the majority and they are indispensable.

  10. Economic and Labor Market Trends

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nightingale, Demetra Smith; Fix, Michael

    2004-01-01

    A number of economic and labor market trends in the United States over the past 30 years affect the well-being of workers and their families. This article describes key changes taking place and the implications for social and economic policies designed to help low-income working families and their children, particularly those families that include…

  11. Indeterminacy and labor augmenting externalities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Odile; Goenka, Aditya

    2002-01-01

    In this two-sector discrete time model of endogenous economic growth intersectoral effects are assumed to be "labor augmenting" We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for local indeterminacy and multiplicity of the balanced growth path in terms of factor intensities in both sectors...

  12. Is China Short of Labor?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Most people believe the last thing China is lacking is labor. However, while extensive human resources remain untapped, many working-age employees are being laid-off and a large number of college graduates are having difficulty finding jobs. Some experts

  13. The Chilean Teacher Labor Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivero, Maria del Rosario

    2013-01-01

    In Chile, as many other countries, understanding how high-qualified teachers are distributed across schools and which are the relationships that may lead to teachers' potential sorting are key aspect of the teacher labor market and it is central to addressing student achievement gaps. The first paper uses rich new data on all elementary public…

  14. Seven Important Labor Force Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, John A.

    1982-01-01

    Presents statistics on the changing human resources mix in the labor force, which vocational counselors should be aware of. Trends include higher percentages of women working, and older men and married men leaving the work force. One result is an increasing number of persons are able to retire earlier. (JAC)

  15. laboral en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orlandina de Oliveira

    2006-01-01

    grado de precariedad laboral de los jóvenes. En la explicación del fenómeno estudiado tomamos en cuenta aspectos socioespaciales, laborales, familiares e individuales. Por medio de la aplicación de modelos de regresión describimos los perfiles laborales y sociodemográficos de los jóvenes que trabajan.

  16. 29 CFR 402.2 - Labor organization initial information report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Labor organization initial information report. 402.2... LABOR LABOR-MANAGEMENT STANDARDS LABOR ORGANIZATION INFORMATION REPORTS § 402.2 Labor organization initial information report. Every labor organization shall file a report signed by its president and...

  17. Labor Dystocia: A Common Approach to Diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Jeremy L; Lowe, Nancy K; Schorn, Mavis N; Holley, Sharon L; Ryan, Sharon L; Buxton, Margaret; Wilson-Liverman, Angela M

    2015-01-01

    Contemporary labor and birth population norms should be the basis for evaluating labor progression and determining slow progress that may benefit from intervention. The aim of this article is to present guidelines for a common, evidence-based approach for determination of active labor onset and diagnosis of labor dystocia based on a synthesis of existing professional guidelines and relevant contemporary publications. A 3-point approach for diagnosing active labor onset and classifying labor dystocia-related labor aberrations into well-defined, mutually exclusive categories that can be used clinically and validated by researchers is proposed. The approach comprises identification of 1) an objective point that strictly defines active labor onset (point of active labor determination); 2) an objective point that identifies when labor progress becomes atypical, beyond which interventions aimed at correcting labor dystocia may be justified (point of protraction diagnosis); and 3) an objective point that identifies when interventions aimed at correcting labor dystocia, if used, can first be determined to be unsuccessful, beyond which assisted vaginal or cesarean birth may be justified (earliest point of arrest diagnosis). Widespread adoption of a common approach for diagnosing labor dystocia will facilitate consistent evaluation of labor progress, improve communications between clinicians and laboring women, indicate when intervention aimed at speeding labor progress or facilitating birth may be appropriate, and allow for more efficient translation of safe and effective management strategies into clinical practice. Correct application of the diagnosis of labor dystocia may lead to a decrease in the rate of cesarean birth, decreased health care costs, and improved health of childbearing women and neonates.

  18. Why Should We Care About Child Labor? The Education, Labor Market, and Health Consequences of Child Labor

    OpenAIRE

    BEEGLE, KATHLEEN; Dehejia, Rajeev; Gatti, Roberta

    2004-01-01

    Although there is extensive literature on the determinants of child labor and many initiatives aimed at combating it, there is limited evidence on the consequences of child labor on socioeconomic outcomes such as education, wages, and health. The authors evaluate the causal effect of child labor participation on these outcomes using panel data from Vietnam and an instrumental variables strategy. Five years subsequent to the child labor experience, they find significant negative effects on sch...

  19. The meaning given by the healthcare professional to labor and humanizing delivery El significado dado por el profesional de salud al trabajo de parto y parto humanizado O significado dado pelo profissional de saúde para trabalho de parto e parto humanizado

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra dos Santos Mabuchi; Suzete Maria Fustinoni

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning the healthcare professional in charge of the woman in childbirth gives to labor and humanizing delivery. METHODS: This is a qualitative research with a phenomenological perspective. Seven physicians and four nurses working at the obstetric center of a public hospital in the city of São Paulo were interviewed. RESULTS: After data analysis, two subthemes emerged: Understanding labor and humanizing delivery as a group of differentiated healthcare and behavior...

  20. Migrant labor in agriculture: an international comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, P L

    1985-01-01

    The May 1984 Conference on Migrant Labor in Agriculture at the University of California-Davis discussed papers by 22 farm labor experts from 12 nations. Each industrial nation utilizes a different set of public and private policies to supply workers for labor-intensive agriculture, but none is entirely satisfactory. Labor-intensive agriculture is becoming more dependent on workers who are shut out of labor markets. Some countries have simply accepted foreign workers in agriculture, while others have adopted policies to integrate farm and nonfarm labor markets. Polices to reduce agriculture's reliance on workers-without-options include restructuring employment practices to employ fewer seasonal workers for longer periods, mechanizing production, and importing fruits and vegetables from nearby developing countries. This article explains the salient features of labor-intensive agriculture, the various polices for obtaining seasonal farmworkers, and options to reduce farming's dependence on migrant labor.

  1. Health problems of Maryland's migrant farm laborers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Go, V; Baker, T

    1995-08-01

    The health problems of Maryland's agricultural migrant labor force are presented for the information of Maryland's health care providers. Maryland's problems are placed in the context of U.S. and worldwide migrant labor practices.

  2. Labor law update--Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiesta, J

    1997-01-01

    To ensure proper actions when making managerial decisions, nurses must be aware of labor laws and the policies that apply to them. Part 1 of "Labor Law Update" discusses public policy considerations and gender, racial and pregnancy discrimination.

  3. "A Welcome Debate" over Labor Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Cat

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an interview with Wilma B. Liebman, the new chair of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). In this interview, Liebman talks about labor law, academics, and reversing ossification.

  4. Water Breaking: Understand This Sign of Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Labor and delivery, postpartum care Water breaking worries? Prepare yourself for childbirth by getting the facts about this important sign of labor. By Mayo Clinic Staff If you're ...

  5. Working Children: A Report on Child Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Labor, Washington, DC.

    This report explains the applicability of the Fair Labor Standards Act to child labor. Statistics are provided on violations which occurred during fiscal year 1970, and individual cases are described. This document is a revision of ED 048 498. (BH)

  6. Failed labor induction: toward an objective diagnosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Rouse, Dwight J

    2011-02-01

    To evaluate maternal and perinatal outcomes in women undergoing labor induction with an unfavorable cervix according to duration of oxytocin administration in the latent phase of labor after ruptured membranes.

  7. 78 FR 38075 - International Labor Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Productivity and Technology, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Room 2120, 2 Massachusetts Avenue NE., Washington, DC... Productivity and Technology, Bureau of Labor Statistics, telephone number 202-691-6304 (this is not a toll...

  8. 22 CFR 40.51 - Labor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... UNDER THE IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY ACT, AS AMENDED Labor Certification and Qualification for Certain..., shall be ineligible under INA 212(a)(5)(A) to receive a visa unless the Secretary of Labor has...

  9. Maritime Policy and the Seafaring Labor Market

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lobrigo, Enrico; Pawlik, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The reports highlighting the foreseen lack of merchant marine officers for the expanding world’s fleet calls for a review in evaluating the impact of maritime policy in the seafaring labor market. This paper aims to clarify the particular characteristics of the seafaring labor market and how it can...... be shaped by specific maritime labor policies. The seafaring labor market in the Philippines, Poland, Germany, and Brazil as well as the general maritime labor policies in these countries is discussed. The focus on these countries leads to a comparative observation of maritime labor as a factor...... of production in an exporting market, in an importing market, and in a closed market, respectively, as shaped by various relevant maritime policies. Since a global policy that can regulate the maritime labor market does not exist, the trend on maritime labor supply is dynamic on a per country basis wherein crew...

  10. The size of the labor wards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milland, Maria; Christoffersen, Jens; Hedegaard, Morten

    2013-01-01

    To assess possible associations between the size of labor units and the frequency of approved obstetric claims.......To assess possible associations between the size of labor units and the frequency of approved obstetric claims....

  11. Epidural Analgesia and Fever at Labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye. M. Shifman

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to study the incidence of labor fever under epidural analgesia (EA and to evaluate its impact on the courses of puerperium and early neonatality. Subjects and methods. The paper presents the data of a prospective study of the course of labor, puerperium, and early neonatality in 397 women in whom labors occurred at the Republican Peritoneal Center in 2006. A study group included 324 parturients in whom labor pain was relieved by EA. A comparison group comprised 55 parturients in whom no analgesics were used at labor. Results. There were no significant statistical differences between the groups in the incidence of labor fever and complicated puerperium and in that of neonatal pyoseptic diseases. Key words: labor hyperthermia, epidural analgesia, labor pain relief.

  12. Solidarity Action in Global Labor Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Globalization transforms workforces of transnational corporation from predominantly home countrydominated workforces into foreign-dominated, multinational workforces. Thus, the national grounding of trade unions as the key form of labor organizing is challenged by new multinational compositions...... reorganize from national unions and industrial relations institutions into global labor networks that allow prolabor improvement in global workplaces? b) How and why has labor in a globalized economy secured the core International Labor Organization (ILO) international labor right to organize companies....... The disputes took place in affiliated factories of foreign transnational corporations located in Malaysia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Turkey. The conclusion is that the combination of global labor capabilities and global labor strategizing must generate strategic labor power that adequately matches...

  13. Percepciones sobre la Voluntariedad en el Proceso de Salida Organizacional en una Muestra de Prejubilados Españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Fernández Muñoz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El fenómeno de las prejubilaciones se ha implantado dentro del mercado laboral español como la forma de salida organizacional habitual de trabajadores de edad avanzada. Con el objetivo de conocer los factores motivacionales que explican una salida laboral voluntaria y no-voluntaria se administro una adaptación del Retirement Satisfaction Inventory (Floyd et al., 1992 a una muestra de prejubilados con una edad media de prejubilación de 53.89 años. Los datos fueron analizados mediante análisis de regresión lineal múltiple. Los trabajadores que aceptan la oferta de retiro de manera voluntaria son aquellos que tienen una motivación más positiva hacia el retiro. Mientras, aquellos que han aceptado de manera no-voluntaria han experimentado presiones organizacionales, problemas de salud y estrés laboral. Conocer los factores motivacionales de salida laboral de personas prejubiladas es un primer paso para relacionar la forma de salida con la posterior satisfacción y adaptación con la vida en el retiro.

  14. Talent, Labor Quality and Economic Development

    OpenAIRE

    German Cubas; Ravikumar, B.; Gustavo Ventura

    2012-01-01

    We develop a quantitative theory of labor quality based on the division of the labor force between unskilled and skilled workers, and investments in the quality of skilled labor. We use the theory to quantify the importance labor quality and Total Factor Productivity for cross-country income differences. A central ingredient in our analysis is the observed achievement levels (talent) constructed from PISA scores in a sample of 59 countries. Our findings imply that the cross-country difference...

  15. Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints

    OpenAIRE

    Kathleen Beegle; Rajeev Dehejia; Roberta Gatti

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the relationship between household income shocks and child labor. In particular, we investigate the extent to which transitory income shocks lead to increases in child labor and whether household access to credit mitigates the effects of these shocks. Using panel data from a survey in Tanzania, we find that both relationships are significant. Our results suggest that credit constraints play a role in explaining child labor and consequently that child labor is inefficient, ...

  16. Metamorfosis laboral y reciclaje Metamorfose laboral e reciclagem Labor metamorphosis and recycling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Mariatti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es producto de una investigación sobre el llamado "mundo del trabajo" y sus transformaciones a nivel mundial en los últimos treinta años, con énfasis en los cambios significativos ocurridos en Uruguay. La investigación fue realizada entre los años 2003 y 2004, como Tesina de graduación de Licenciatura en Trabajo Social de la Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay. El objetivo fue, conocer bibliografica y teoricamente la situación del empleo en Uruguay y de la precarización como forma de sostener la tasa de lucro del Capital. La metodología fue basicamente de análisis teórico. Sin embargo, el autor trabajó tres años como asistente social en el asentamiento al que se hace referencia en este artículo, lo cual permitió tener un conocimiento mas real de la situación que se describe teoricamente. Como conclusiones primarias, se puede decir que un desempleo estructural motor del pauperismo actual - singularizado entre otros por los clasificadores de residuos o "buscadores del cartón"- presenta características que lo hacen funcional con la reducción de costos que lo generó, cerrando entonces un circuito donde el capital vuelve precarias las relaciones laborales y las mantiene en tanto le permiten sostener y aumentar la tasa de lucro.O presente artigo é produto de uma pesquisa sobre o chamado "mundo do trabalho" e as suas transformações no nível mundial nos últimos trinta anos, com énfase nas mudanças significativas acontecidas no Urugai. A pesquisa foi realizada entre os anos 2003 e 2004 como Trabalho de Conclusão da Licenciatura em Serviço Social na Universidad de la República, Uruguai. O objetivo foi conhecer, numa perspectiva bibliográfica e teórica, a situação do emprego no Uruguai e a precarização como forma de sustentar a taxa de lucro do Capital. A metodología utilizada foi básicamente de análise teórica. Não obstante, o autor trabalhou três anos como assistente social no assentamento

  17. Child Labor and School Attendance in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyi, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of child labor in the world and estimates show that it continues to grow. This paper examines the causes and magnitude of child labor in Kenya. Unlike previous studies that examined child labor as only an economic activity, this paper includes household chores. Including household chores is important…

  18. The Labor Values of Young People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khlopova, T. V.; Ozernikova, T. G.

    2004-01-01

    This article reports the labor values of young people. The problem of the transformation of labor values occupies a special place in the transition economy of Russia. In this article, the authors look at labor values as an element of the motivation mechanism. Furthermore, the authors examine the the term "motivation" in its content sense…

  19. Early Smoking, Education, and Labor Market Performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palali, Ali

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of early smoking on educational attainment and labor market performance. The results show that early smoking adversely affects educational attainment and initial labor market performance, but only for males. The effect of early smoking on initial labor market perf

  20. Explaining Variation in Child Labor Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Andrew; Bardasi, Elena; Beegle, Kathleen; Serneels, Pieter

    2010-01-01

    Child labor statistics are critical for assessing the extent and nature of child labor activities in developing countries. In practice, widespread variation exists in how child labor is measured. Questionnaire modules vary across countries and within countries over time along several dimensions, including respondent type and the structure of the questionnaire. Little is known about the eff...

  1. Macroeconomic shocks and firms' labor adjustment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Tor

    2013-01-01

    , but a brief discussion of cross-country differences and similarities in firmlevel labor adjustment is also provided. For Denmark, remarkable long-term stability in firms’ labor adjustment technologies is observed and the cross-country comparisons reveal striking similarities between countries with very...... diverse labor market institutions....

  2. Child Labor and School Attendance in Kenya

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyi, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest incidence of child labor in the world and estimates show that it continues to grow. This paper examines the causes and magnitude of child labor in Kenya. Unlike previous studies that examined child labor as only an economic activity, this paper includes household chores. Including household chores is important…

  3. Age-specific labor market dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gielen, A. C.

    2008-01-01

    One important finding concerns the fact that job separations for older workers constitute mostly a one-way exit out of the labor force, despite the fact that an ageing society calls for an active labor market participation from us all. Also, the allocation of labor for younger workers has shown to b

  4. Early Smoking, Education, and Labor Market Performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palali, Ali

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of early smoking on educational attainment and labor market performance. The results show that early smoking adversely affects educational attainment and initial labor market performance, but only for males. The effect of early smoking on initial labor market perf

  5. 23 CFR 140.906 - Labor costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Railroad Work § 140.906 Labor costs. (a) General. (1) Salaries and wages, at actual or average rates, and... engineering, construction engineering, right-of-way, and force account construction. (2) Salaries and expenses... may be reimbursed. (b) Labor surcharges. (1) Labor surcharges include worker compensation...

  6. 22 CFR 901.19 - Labor organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Labor organization. 901.19 Section 901.19 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE BOARD GENERAL Meanings of Terms As Used in This Chapter § 901.19 Labor organization. Labor organization means any employee organization accorded recognition as...

  7. Labor analgesia for the obese parturient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellinas, Elizabeth H

    2012-10-01

    Obese parturients present obstetric anesthesia providers with multiple challenges, including increased incidence of maternal coexisting disease, labor complications, and potential for difficult initiation and failure of neuraxial labor analgesia. This focused review discusses these challenges, and suggests potential methods to increase labor analgesia success in this population.

  8. Intersectoral labor mobility and deforestation in Ghana

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Owusu, V.; Yerfi Fosu, K.; Burger, C.P.J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper quantifies the effects of the determinants of intersectoral labor mobility and the effect of intersectoral labor mobility on deforestation in Ghana over the period 1970–2008. A cointegration and error correction modeling approach is employed. The empirical results show that labor mobility

  9. Intravenous paracetamol infusion versus intramuscular tramadol as an intra-partum labor analgesic

    OpenAIRE

    Rashmi Patil; Vivek Rayadurg

    2016-01-01

    We read with interest the article and ldquo;Intravenous paracetamol infusion versus intramuscular tramadol as an intra-partum labor analgesic and rdquo; by Mohan H et al published in November - December 2015, volume 4 issue 6 of International Journal of Reproduction, Contraception, Obstetrics and Gynecology.1 As we read it, we realized that the article is quite similar to another article and ldquo;Intravenous paracetamol infusion versus intramuscular tramadol as an intra-partum labor analge...

  10. Mercado laboral colombiano: conflicto entre teoría y realidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Eslava

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se describen, en primer lugar, generalidades de la teoría económica para explicar el comportamiento del mercado laboral. Luego, se plantean algunos vacíos que manifiestan la insuficiencia teórica frente al análisis empírico; en particular, se muestra que algunas variables como la inactividad y la participación laboral secundaria son piezas fundamentales para explicar las cifras del desempleo. Por último, se demuestra que un aumento general de los salarios reduce la oferta laboral por parte de los miembros secundarios de los hogares.

  11. La reinserción social y laboral de la población reclusa

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Rascón, Marta de

    2014-01-01

    El interés de este trabajo está centrado en el tema de la reinserción social y laboral la población reclusa, partiendo de bases teóricas y legislativas. Encontramos una serie de aspectos que influyen de manera positiva o negativa en la reinserción social y laboral de este colectivo. Hay que destacar la labor que se hace tanto dentro como fuera de prisión con los programas y las actividades para la reinserción. Las condiciones que rodean al recluso cuando deja la prisión son muy...

  12. The meaning given by the healthcare professional to labor and humanizing delivery El significado dado por el profesional de salud al trabajo de parto y parto humanizado O significado dado pelo profissional de saúde para trabalho de parto e parto humanizado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra dos Santos Mabuchi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To understand the meaning the healthcare professional in charge of the woman in childbirth gives to labor and humanizing delivery. METHODS: This is a qualitative research with a phenomenological perspective. Seven physicians and four nurses working at the obstetric center of a public hospital in the city of São Paulo were interviewed. RESULTS: After data analysis, two subthemes emerged: Understanding labor and humanizing delivery as a group of differentiated healthcare and behavioral measures, and Identifying failures in the search for healthcare humanization. CONCLUSION: The study showed that there are still disagreements regarding what is understood as humanizing delivery and what is done in practice. Humanization remains a government policy that is far from efficient, not only because of infrastructural deficits or financial shortages, but because of a lack of contact with the theme, resulting in healthcare that is not individualized or human.OBJETIVO: Comprender el significado que el profesional de salud que atiende a la parturienta, da al trabajo de parto y parto humanizado. MÉTODOS: Se trata de uma investigación cualitativa con perspectiva fenomenológica. Fueron entrevistados siete médicos y cuatro enfermeras que trabajaban en el Centro Obstétrico de un hospital público del Municipio de Sao Paulo. RESULTADOS: Después del análisis de los datos emergieron dos subtemas: Comprendiendo el trabajo de parto y parto humanizado como un conjunto de medidas asistenciales y de comportamiento diferenciado, e Identificando fallas en la búsqueda de la humanización de la asistencia, los cuales al ser sintetizados dieron origen al fenómeno mayor de la experiencia de los sujetos: Vivenciando la desarmonía entre teoría y práctica en la búsqueda de la humanización de la asistencia. CONCLUSIÓN: En el estudio se evidenció que aun hay discordancia referente a lo que se entiende por parto humanizado y lo que se realiza en la pr

  13. 77 FR 31549 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division, Labor. ACTION... opportunity to submit written comments on its proposal to amend its ] child labor regulations which protect...

  14. 76 FR 67104 - Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations-Civil...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour Division, Labor. ACTION... comments for an additional 30 days on the proposed revisions to the child labor regulations published on...

  15. Solar Installation Labor Market Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedman, B.; Jordan, P.; Carrese, J.

    2011-12-01

    The potential economic benefits of the growing renewable energy sector have led to increased federal, state, and local investments in solar industries, including federal grants for expanded workforce training for U.S. solar installers. However, there remain gaps in the data required to understand the size and composition of the workforce needed to meet the demand for solar power. Through primary research on the U.S. solar installation employer base, this report seeks to address that gap, improving policymakers and other solar stakeholders understanding of both the evolving needs of these employers and the economic opportunity associated with solar market development. Included are labor market data covering current U.S. employment, expected industry growth, and employer skill preferences for solar installation-related occupations. This study offers an in-depth look at the solar installation sectors. A study published by the Solar Foundation in October 2011 provides a census of labor data across the entire solar value chain.

  16. [Intravenous remifentanyl for labor analgesia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnal, D; Serrano, M L; Corral, E M; García del Valle, S

    2009-04-01

    Intravenous remifentanil may be the preferred analgesic when regional techniques are contraindicated. To perform a systematic review on the use of remifentanil for analgesia in labor. We searched MEDLINE (January 1995-August 2007) for studies on obstetric analgesia with remifentanil. We found 32 references representing the use of remifentanil in 257 women in labor. In most cases, patients reported relief of pain and a high level of satisfaction, with no severe side effects in mothers or neonates. When compared with meperidine and nitrous oxide in clinical trials, remifentanil provided better analgesia with fewer adverse effects. Analgesia with intravenous remifentanil is more effective and safer than other alternatives to regional analgesic techniques in obstetrics. Nevertheless, the optimum system for infusing the drug must b e established and further studies of maternal and fetal safety should be carried out.

  17. El sistema de justicia laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Morales, Hugo Italo; Saldaña

    2009-01-01

    Tradicionalmente se ha definido la actividad del estado en su función jurisdiccional, afirmando que le corresponde la solución de conflictos jurídicos que surgen entre los particulares, sin embargo este principio aplicado en el ámbito laboral sufre interpretaciones diferentes y se afirma que a través de las autoridades laborales, se pretende la aplicación de la justicia social.

  18. An End to Forced Labor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    China is working on an improved drug rehabilitation regulation that drops work as a form of treatment China is going to release a new regulation soon to give detail to the rules for forced-and-isolated rehab treatment,a new measure replac- ing forced drug treatment through labor, according to an official with the China Narcotics Control Foundation(CNCF). Chen Xingyou,Secretary General of the

  19. ALS Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... ALS and their families in areas affected by Hurricane Harvey. Learn More The ALS Association Disaster Relief Fund ... ALS and their families in areas affected by Hurricane Harvey. Learn More Our Mission To discover treatments and ...

  20. Women in the labor force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vatter, R H

    1994-01-01

    Unlike the rate for men, the labor force participation rate for women has increased significantly over the past three decades or so. This trend is expected to continue at least through 2005. Among the reasons for the growing role of women in the labor market are higher levels of educational attainment, improved employment opportunities, changing values in society, and economic pressures and aspirations that require women to assume dual careers as homemakers and family income producers. By the year 2005, it is estimated that women workers will number about 72 million, with more than 63 percent of all women age 16 and over either working or actively looking for work. While traditional occupations such as secretarial and clerical administrative support and professions such as nursing and teaching still predominate, about 4 million women are now in executive, administrative and managerial positions in the private sectors of the economy. As for the types of industry in which women are employed, service industries clearly predominate. Projections suggest that women workers of the future will be older on average, with the fastest growth occurring in the 45-64 age cohort. They will also be a more diverse group as the number of black, Asian and Hispanic women workers grows more rapidly than the number of white non-Hispanic labor force participants.

  1. Validity and efficacy of the labor contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Toyama

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The validity and efficacy of the labor contract as well as cases of nullity and defeasibility import an analysis of scopes of the supplementary application of Civil Code taking into account the peculiarities of Labor Law. Labor contract, while legal business has as regulatory framework to the regulations of Civil Code but it is necessary to determine, in each case, whether to apply fully this normative body, or modulate its supplemental application, or simply conclude that it doesn’t result compatible its regulation due to the special nature of labor relations. Specifically, this issue will be analyzed from cases of nullity and defeasibility of the labor contract.

  2. Preterm labor and premature birth: Are you at risk?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... labor and premature birth: Are you at risk? Preterm labor and premature birth: Are you at risk? ... for preterm labor and premature birth. What are preterm labor and premature birth? Preterm and premature mean ...

  3. SOCIO-LABOR-PROFESSIONAL DYNAMICS OF BLENDED LEARNING IN HIGHER EDUCATION / DINÁMICA SOCIO-LABORAL-PROFESIONAL DE LA SEMIPRESENCIALIDAD EN LA UNIVERSIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pura de la Caridad Rey Rivas

    2014-01-01

    , condicionan la lógica formativa de la semipresencialidad desde su especificidad socio-profesional como célula dinamizadora de la praxis profesional en contextos de actuación laboral, lo que le permitirá al estudiante una actuación más eficiente durante su práctica laboral, así como un exitoso desempeño una vez egresado.

  4. Empleo con apoyo, hacia la inclusión laboral de las personas con Síndrome de Down

    OpenAIRE

    Molina Jover, Irene

    2016-01-01

    Down España impulsa y defiende el modelo de Empleo con Apoyo; una modalidad orientada a la inserción laboral ofreciendo los apoyos necesarios, dentro y fuera del entorno laboral gracias a la figura de un Preparador Laboral, que ofrece al trabajador con discapacidad el apoyo necesario para su adaptación al puesto, desde la preparación para el desarrollo de las habilidades y tareas necesarias hasta el seguimiento y acompañamiento en la propia empresa. En este documento, la coordinadora de la ...

  5. 29 CFR 552.108 - Child labor provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Child labor provisions. 552.108 Section 552.108 Labor... OF THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO DOMESTIC SERVICE Interpretations § 552.108 Child labor provisions. Congress made no change in section 12 as regards domestic service employees. Accordingly, the child labor...

  6. Diseño, construcción y validación de un instrumento que evalúa la calidad de vida laboral percibida en organizaciones colombianas, desde la teoría de respuesta al ítem

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Carlos

    2010-01-01

    La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo general, hacer el diseño, construcción y validación de un instrumento para medir la calidad de vida laboral percibida en empresas colombianas: CVLP. Este instrumento fue construido a partir del modelo de calidad de vida laboral planteado por Walton (1975), citado por Toro (1991). Está conformado por 39 ítemes que evalúan la CVLP a través de 8 dimensiones: compensación y beneficios, cond...

  7. El estrés laboral: una realidad actual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Anuar Gómez Hernández

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El estrés laboral es un factor psicosocial relacionado con el medio ambiente en el que el individuo se relaciona, es parte de los estímulos que actúan sobre el organismo y que generan una respuesta fisiológica o psicológica. Esta reacción puede ser positiva o negativa de acuerdo con el tipo de estímulo, la reacción y la personalidad de cada individuo. Puede traer consecuencias en la salud, incluso, trastornos cardiovasculares y bajo peso al nacer, entre otros. Las nuevas demandas del medio laboral actual amenazan, por tanto, la salud física y mental de los trabajadores, por lo que deben tomarse en cuenta como causas de enfermedad y abordarse mediante la mejora de las habilidades personales y laborales ante eventos que pueden ser fuentes de estrés.

  8. Maternal inflammatory markers and term labor performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cierny, Jill T; Unal, E Ramsey; Flood, Pamela; Rhee, Ka Young; Praktish, Allison; Olson, Tara Hudak; Goetzl, Laura

    2014-05-01

    We sought to examine the relationship between maternal markers of inflammation and labor performance. A nested cohort study was performed utilizing an established cohort of term nulliparous patients. Maternal blood was collected at the onset of regular, painful contractions in patients undergoing labor induction or at admission in patients with spontaneous labor. Levels of cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α were determined using standard multiplex methodology. Maternal demographic data were collected prospectively. Detailed retrospective chart review was performed to extract data on cervical dilation, effacement, and station during labor. Subjects were excluded if they failed to achieve complete dilation. Mixed effects modeling was used to examine the association between serum cytokine quartiles and labor progress in the latent and active phases. In all, 334 women were included in our analysis. The lowest quartile of IL-6 was associated with slower latent labor (P = .001). In contrast, the highest quartiles of IL-1 and tumor necrosis factor-α were associated with slower active labor (P = .03 and .0002, respectively). Proinflammatory activation is important in labor initiation. However, once active labor is established, excess inflammation can be detrimental to efficient labor progress. These data may explain, in part, the known associations among clinical chorioamnionitis, cesarean delivery, and postpartum hemorrhage. Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. 75 FR 11512 - Consultative Group to Eliminate the Use of Child Labor and Forced Labor in Imported Agricultural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... Foreign Agricultural Service Consultative Group to Eliminate the Use of Child Labor and Forced Labor in... public meeting of the Consultative Group to Eliminate the Use of Child Labor and Forced Labor in Imported... forced labor or child labor. The notice sets forth the process for requesting to appear at the meeting...

  10. 78 FR 60317 - Notice of Updates to the Department of Labor's List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Child Labor or Forced Labor Required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005... removes 3 items from the ``List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor'' (List), produced in... raise public awareness about the incidence of child labor and forced labor in the production of goods in...

  11. 29 CFR 500.41 - Farm labor contractor is responsible for actions of his farm labor contractor employee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., prior to such employee's engagement in any activity enumerated in section 3(6) of the Act. A farm labor... farm labor contractor employee. 500.41 Section 500.41 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued... PROTECTION Registration of Farm Labor Contractors and Employees of Farm Labor Contractors Engaged in Farm...

  12. Medio laboral y salud mental.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fernández Liria

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Se revisan las formas predominantes de experimentar el trabajo y el medio laboral en el mundo occidental desde la revolución industrial analizando el surgimiento de diferentes funciones, como: medio de subsistencia, generador de derechos, jerarquizador en el entramado social, fuente de significado personal y entorno privilegiado de relaciones interpersonales significativas. Se discute el papel que la actividad productiva puede tener en el sistema de significados que configura a los individuos como miembros de una sociedad concreta, y, por tanto, en su salud mental. En base a ello se discute el papel del sistema de atención la salud mental en este terreno.

  13. Labor Mobility and Patenting Activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaiser, Ulrich; Kongsted, Hans Christian; Rønde, Thomas

    We measure the quantitative importance of labor mobility as a vehicle for the transmission of knowledge and skills across firms. For this purpose we create a unique data set that matches all applications of Danish firms at the European Patent Office to linked employer-employee register data...... previously been employed by a patenting firm ("patent exposed workers") have a larger effect on patenting activity than R&D workers without this experience. Patent exposed R&D joiners constitute the most productive group of workers: for firms that patented prior to 1999, one additional worker of this type...

  14. A global perspective on foreign contract labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, J E; Casco, R R

    1988-01-01

    This paper provides a general overview on foreign contract labor. The growth in the use of foreign contract labor is described with reference to other types of international labor movements such as 1) illegal, undocumented, or irregular migration; 2) free migration; and 3) permanent settlement migration. Within this general context, the various national advantages and disadvantages of contract labor are outlined. Particular issues like the role of trade unions and the likely future international labor circulation are noted. The 1984 World Labour Report estimates a global stock of almost 22 million foreign workers. Despite lack of reliable data, the size of irregular labor flows is considerable. More than 4 million undocumented workers, primarily Mexicans, can be found in the US alone. Other major flows of illegal labor go from China to Hong Kong, Malaysia to Singapore, Columbia to Venezuela, and poor Arab countries to oil-exporting countries in the Middle East. Laws are often poorly enforced and contradictory. Employers often actively recruit illegal migrants. While permanent migration was formerly the primary source of foreign workers, the numbers migrating in this manner are decreasing significantly. In absolute terms, host countries gain considerably more through the use of contract labor than sending countries. The pervasive commitment of national governments to economic growth is a prime consideration in the decision to import foreign labor. In general, trade unions have created an environment wherein the use of foreign labor in the formal as opposed to the informal labor market is more difficult. The disadvantages of labor export include the costs of family separation, worker exploitation, and cultural alienation. Remittances constitute the most tangible return of labor export. In many countries they have made a very considerable impact on the balance of payments deficit.

  15. La despersonalización y su incidencia en los procesos de desgaste laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Marsollier, Roxana Graciela

    2016-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el proceso de despersonalización asociado al desgaste en el mundo laboral. La despersonalización -manifestada en ocasiones como cinismo- es una de las dimensiones que constituyen el burnout y surge ante la falta de recursos psicológicos y emocionales del sujeto para afrontar los desafíos que el medio ofrece. Se presentan dos estudios de corte psicosocial vinculados al desgaste laboral, en los cuáles la despersonalización aparece como principal ...

  16. Child Labor and the Labor Supply of Other Household Members: Evidence from 1920 America

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    This paper analyses the effect of child labor on household labor supply using 1920 US Census micro data. The aim of the analysis is to understand who in the household benefits from child labor. In order to identify a source of exogenous variation in child labor I use State-specific child labor laws. I find that a rise in the proportion of working children by household is associated with no variation in parents¿ labor supply. I also find a strong negative externality among children: as the pro...

  17. Child labor and the labor supply of other household members: Evidence from 1920 america

    OpenAIRE

    Manacorda, Marco

    2003-01-01

    This paper analyses the effect of child labor on household labor supply using 1920 US Census micro data. The aim of the analysis is to understand who in the household benefits from child labor. In order to identify a source of exogenous variation in child labor I use State-specific child labor laws. I find that a rise in the proportion of working children by household is associated with no variation in parents¿ labor supply. I also find a strong negative externality among children: as the pro...

  18. El acoso o «mobbing» laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Mario Rojas Chávez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Es inevitable que en el desarrollo de la relación laboral el trabajador se encuentre expuesto a actos provenientes de sus compañeros de trabajo, superiores, inclusive del personal bajo su dirección, que afecten su estado emocional. Con el propósito de evitar la proliferación de esa práctica dentro de las relaciones de trabajo, el legislador ha empeñado sus esfuerzos en proteger al trabajador acosado; igualmente la Corte Constitucional, en defensa de los derechos fundamentales del trabajador, ha desarrollado una línea jurisprudencial al respecto. El objeto de este artículo es conocer los alcances de las disposiciones legales y de los pronunciamientos judiciales sobre la protección del trabajador acosado en el trabajo y las sanciones dirigidas al acosador.

  19. Labor potential: enhancing its development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.P. Melnichuk

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This publication presents the views of the author about the need to expand research of labor potential, estimation of quantitative indicators and qualitative characteristics at the individual, regional levels and the state as a whole to develop the mechanisms of its development. The existing methods of labour potential assessment are mainly based on the probable approach taking into account external and internal factors. In the case of assessment of labour potential of a single enterprise for the most suitable for this production method the mechanisms of its development can be worked out. However, for the state under a certain depreciation of the resource, property, financial and other potentials, aggressive manifestations of the crisis phenomena, processes etc. to resolve urgent is the problem of enhancing the development of qualitative characteristics of labor potential at all its levels. In this context it is important to exploit the potential of domestic education and science which now continue to be reformed for the sake of achieving European standards, using the advanced experience of other countries. Every means of legal, financial, managerial, and organizational impact should be used for this.

  20. Migrant Labor, Unemployment and Optimal Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana Viasu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the arguments against migrant labor is that it has negative ef- fect on the employment of domestic labor. The question is now if the immigration has also negative effects on the other variables of the econ- omy. To examine these effects we develop an optimal growth model with migration and unemployment and then we analyze these effects, restricting our analysis to the steady state. We introduce a simplify- ing hypothesis concerning the skill level of human capital. We assume that the average skill level of domestic employed labor differs from the average skill level of migrant labor, but the two kinds of labor grow at the same constant rate. We prove that the immigration process could have both positive and negative effects on consumption, human capital and physical capital, depending on the skill level of the migrant labor. The numerical simulations confirm our theoretical results.

  1. Barrera del desempeño laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Del Rosario Alvarez-Ramirez

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El estres es un hecho complejo en la vida de toda persona con efectos distintos en cada quien, que no puede ser evitada ya que en todos lo momentos de la vida se esta en riesgo de presentarlo ante cualquier situacion, o una actividad laboral o familiar, que puede llegar a generar cualquier cambio que represente estres. Los sucesos negativos, dario, enfermedad o muerte de un ser querido, son hechos estresantes, asi como los sucesos positivos; ascender en el trabajo trae consigo el estres del nuevo status, de nuevas responsabilidades. Dentro de los trastornos clinicos vinculados al estres hay alteraciones como: trastornos del sumo, ulceras, dolores de cabeza, aceleracion del ritmo cardiaco y otros trastornos como los cardiovasculares: palpitaciones, hipertension arterial, trastornos digestivos, dolores, ardores, vomitos, nauseas, diarrea o estreriimiento y trastornos cutaneos: donde se presenta transpiracion de manos y pies y problemas alergicos. En el estres se pueden llegar a presentar dos tipos de estres: el positivo y el negativo. Los cuales presentan unas caracteristicas muy particulares, como en el estres negativo: una persona se encuentra ante un nitmero creciente de demandas que le plantean dificultad o constituyen una amenaza, se debe mirar el modo de afrontarlas. En el Estres positivo se presenta cuando la percepcion de capacidad de demanda es mucho mas amplia que las verdaderas demandas. Un aspecto fundamental ante la presencia de estres es la practica necesaria de un deporte o la realizacion de actividades recreativas.

  2. y migración laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquín Peña Piña

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A través de un análisis histórico se revisa el caso de una comunidad indígena mam de la región Sierra-Soconusco del estado de Chiapas, México. En esa región, la economía agrícola regional vinculada al café ha mantenido una relación permanente con la migración laboral a las fincas cafetaleras, lo que ha contribuido a conformar un escenario desigual del desarrollo regional. En este artículo se analiza cómo el proceso de cambio social mediado por la producción de café, la migración extrarregional y las acciones de obra pública han repercutido en la capitalización de los grupos domésticos y la comunidad, así como en la situación de las mujeres

  3. Migraine Headache and Labor Market Outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    REES, DANIEL I.; Sabia, Joseph J.

    2012-01-01

    While migraine headache can be physically debilitating, no study has attempted to estimate its effects on labor market outcomes. Using data drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we estimate the effect of migraine headache on labor force participation, hours worked, and wages. We find that migraine headache is associated with a decrease in wages. However, there is little evidence that migraine headache leads to reductions in labor force participation or hours worked....

  4. Neighborhood Quality and Labor Market Outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damm, Anna Piil

    neighborhood may, therefore, hamper individual labor market outcomes because of lack of employed contacts. I investigate this hypothesis by exploiting a unique natural experiment that occurred between 1986 and 1998 when refugee immigrants to Denmark were assigned to municipalities quasirandomly, which...... successfully addresses the methodological problem of endogenous neighborhood selection. Taking account of location sorting, living in a socially deprived neighborhood does not affect labor market outcomes of refugee men. Furthermore, their labor market outcomes are not affected by the overall employment rate...

  5. Labor search and matching in macroeconomics

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    The labor search and matching model plays a growing role in macroeconomic analysis. This paper provides a critical, selective survey of the literature. Four fundamental questions are explored: how are unemployment, job vacancies, and employment determined as equilibrium phenomena? What determines worker flows and transition rates from one labor market state to another? How are wages determined? What role do labor market dynamics play in explaining business cycles and growth? The survey descri...

  6. Corporate Social Responsibility and Labor Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Coe, Neil

    This article examines the circumstances under which CSR initiatives facilitate and/or constrain labor agency in GPNs. Using a case study of Nike’s CSR approach in the football manufacturing industry of Pakistan, we explore how the CSR measures advocated in a new, emerging policy paradigm on CSR...... in GPNs affect labor agency at Nike’s main football supplier factory in Pakistan. We argue that international companies may undermine labor agency in GPNs through their sourcing policies, but that their CSR policies could have a potential, albeit limited, positive impact on labor agency in GPNs which...

  7. Genetic contributions to labor pain and progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, Ruth

    2013-09-01

    Studies on genetic contributions to labor analgesia have essentially evaluated the μ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1), with some evidence that p.118A/G of OPRM1 influences the response to neuraxial opioids. As for labor progress, the β2-adrenergic receptor gene (ADRB2) is associated with preterm labor and delivery, and impacts the course of labor. Taken together though, there is no evidence that pharmacogenetic testing is needed or beneficial in the context of obstetric anesthesia; however, realizing the influence of genetic variants on specific phenotypes provides the rationale for a more cautious interpretation of clinical studies that attempt to find a dose-regimen that fits all.

  8. Child Labor Requirements in Nonagricultural Occupations under the Fair Labor Standards Act. Child Labor Bulletin No. 101.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This booklet is a guide to the provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (also known as the Wage-Hour Law) which apply to minors employed in nonagricultural occupations. The content is as follows: coverage of the child labor provisions (covers employees in commerce, the production of goods for commerce, an enterprise engaged in commerce, and an…

  9. Desigualdad laboral desde la perspectiva de género

    OpenAIRE

    Pablos Escobar, Laura de

    2001-01-01

    Se enuncian y se comentan algunas de las situaciones laborales sufridas por las mujeres, que más nos llaman la atención. Por ejemplo: tasas de paro, contratos temporales, trabajo no remunerado, desigualdad de ingresos, etc. Los datos que se ofrecen, siempre que sea posible, incluirán experiencia comparada. Se refiere a las políticas públicas aplicadas en la actualidad en nuestro país al objeto de solventar la desigualdad laboral desde la perspectiva de género. Nos referiremos tanto a las ayud...

  10. Fuerza laboral, economía e historia social

    OpenAIRE

    Samper K, Mario

    2002-01-01

    IntroducciónHay obras útiles e interesantes que, sin pretender constituirse en obras maestras, tienen validez incuestionable como contribución al esclarecimiento de  procesos históricos de relevancia actual  par nuestra sociedad. El libro de Roger Churnside titulado Formación de la fuerza laboral costarricense, emprende, en forma algunas veces desconcertante, la difícil tarea de presentar tanto un aporte investigativo original como una visión de síntesis. Cronológicamente, abarca desde la con...

  11. Labor Mobility and Patenting Activity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaiser, Ulrich; Kongsted, Hans Christian; Rønde, Thomas

    We measure the quantitative importance of labor mobility as a vehicle for the transmission of knowledge and skills across firms. For this purpose we create a unique data set that matches all applications of Danish firms at the European Patent Office to linked employer-employee register data...... for the years 1999-2002. The Danish workforce is split into "R&D workers", who hold a bachelor's or a master's degree in a technical field, and "non{R&D workers". We find that mobile R&D workers ("R&D joiners"') contribute more to patenting activity than immobile R&D workers. Furthermore, R&D workers who have...... previously been employed by a patenting firm ("patent exposed workers") have a larger effect on patenting activity than R&D workers without this experience. Patent exposed R&D joiners constitute the most productive group of workers: for firms that patented prior to 1999, one additional worker of this type...

  12. Child Labor and Health: Quantifying the Global Health Impacts of Child Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graitcer, Philip L.; Lerer, Leonard B.

    Child labor remains one of the most controversial challenges at the end of the 20th century. Approximately 250 million children in developing countries work either full- or part-time. Child labor is not confined to less-developed countries, as economic transitions bring shifts in the prevalence and nature of child labor. Throughout the world,…

  13. 76 FR 61289 - Public Hearing on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-04

    ... Hour Division 29 CFR Parts 570 and 579 RIN 1235-AA06 Public Hearing on Child Labor Regulations, Orders and Statements of Interpretation; Child Labor Violations--Civil Money Penalties AGENCY: Wage and Hour... public hearing on its Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM), Child Labor Regulations, Orders and...

  14. TEXAS MIGRANT LABOR, THE 1966 MIGRATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.

    THE CALENDAR YEAR 1966 WAS THE SECOND FULL YEAR IN WHICH NO BRACEROS WERE IMPORTED FROM MEXICO. CRITICAL LABOR SHORTAGES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS, HOWEVER, THE DOMESTIC LABOR SUPPLY BECAME MORE STABLE AND FEWER PROBLEMS WERE EXPERIENCED THAN IN 1965. THE MAJORITY OF TEXAS MIGRANTS LIVE IN SOUTH TEXAS AND APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT OF THEM ARE OF…

  15. Texas Migrant Labor. 1975 Annual Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.

    The Good Neighbor Commission of Texas coordinates the work of the Federal, State, and local government toward the improvement of travel and living and working conditions of Texas migrant laborers and their families. Covering the full spectrum of migrant labor activity directly related to the improvement of the well-being of migrant and seasonal…

  16. Texas Migrant Labor. Annual Report, 1969.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.

    Among the responsibilities of the Good Neighbor Commission of Texas are (1) a survey of conditions and (2) a study of problems related to migrant labor in Texas. This annual report of the 1969 migrant scene shows the results of that survey and study. Beginning with an overview of Texas migrant labor, which goes back several years and includes a…

  17. MAJOR AGRICULTURAL MIGRANT LABOR DEMAND AREAS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Labor, Washington, DC.

    DEPICTED ARE 12 CHARTS OF MAJOR CROP PRODUCTION CENTERS IN THE UNITED STATES WHICH DEMAND THE LABOR OF MIGRATORY FARM WORKERS THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. EACH CHART ILLUSTRATES THE AREAS OF AGRICULTURAL MIGRANT LABOR DEMAND FOR ONE MONTH OF THE YEAR. THE PURPOSE IS TO ACQUAINT THE PUBLIC WITH THE COMPLEXITY OF PLACING AND SCHEDULING MIGRATORY WORKERS…

  18. Child Labor in Africa: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canagarajah, Sudharshan; Nielsen, Helena Skyt

    2001-01-01

    of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance. Among school costs, transportation costs have the greatest effect on child labor and school attendance, whereas the hypothesis of imperfect capital markets and that of household composition generally find some...

  19. Child Labor in Africa: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Canagarajah, Sudharshan

    1999-01-01

    of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance. Among school costs, transportation costs have the greatest effect on child labor and school attendance, whereas the hypothesis of imperfect capital markets and that of household composition generally find some...

  20. Labor law for the nonunion agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilliland, J C

    1997-03-01

    Providers should not assume that because they are union free they need not worry about labor law. An agency can have obligations under labor laws even when no union is involved. Who are nonunion employees, legally speaking? What rights do they have, and how can agencies ensure that they are in compliance with those rights?

  1. "American Gothic" and the Division of Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, Robert J.

    1987-01-01

    Provides historical review of gender-based division of labor. Argues that gender-based division of labor served a purpose in survival of tribal communities but has lost meaning today and may be a handicap to full use of human talent and ability in the arts. There is nothing in various art forms which make them more appropriate for males or…

  2. Macroeconomic implications of labor market frictions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sedláček, P.

    2011-01-01

    Fluctuations in economic activity, business cycles, are a fact of life. An important factor shaping the character of economic fluctuations is the labor market. However, the labor market does not operate smoothly. Neither workers, nor firms are all the same. Therefore, it often requires a substantial

  3. US Investment Treaties and Labor Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwan-Ho Kim

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Korea and the United States declared the start of negotiations for the establishment of a free trade agreement. The FTA will include investment chapter. That means the Korea-US BIT (Bilateral Investment Treaty talk, which has been deadlocked since 1998, resumes as a part of FTA negotiations. The FTA investment chapter will be based on the US model BIT, which has been updated in 2004. The updated BIT version includes labor clause which provides that parties should not weaken labor standards in an effort to attract foreign investment. This clause is grounded on the criticism raised by labor groups which asserts that competition among countries to attract foreign investment leads to bidding wars in labor standards. No solid evidence is found in support of the hypothesis that foreign investors favor countries with lower labor standards. Nonetheless, some countries have offered special incentives to investors that limit labor rights in the belief that doing so would help attract foreign investment, especially in export processing or special economic zones. In this regard, the Korea's Act on free economic zones which provides exceptional labor standards to foreign invested enterprise in those zones may become an issue in reaching the FTA. This article contemplates the "not lowering labor standards" provision in the US BIT model and its implications on the FTA talks with the US.

  4. Gender analysis of the Russian labor market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr Mikhailovich Panov

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The issue of gender inequality in the labor market affects all world countries to some extent. As salary is the basis of population’s sources of income in Russia, unequal pay to men and women for equal work can trigger gender discrimination in the labor market and beyond. The article focusses on the gender analysis of the Russian labor market. It focuses on conjunctural conditions of the labor market in a gender aspect, socio-economic characteristics of men and women as subjects of the labor market and the institutional features of the Russian labor market. The study reveals that, despite lower wages, women, judging by their socio-economic characteristics, possess competitive advantages over men, having higher level of education and better state of health. In addition to horizontal segregation, traditional partition of industries to “male” and “female”, the main causes of gender wage gaps are discriminatory social attitudes and social role of women. The issue to address gender discrimination in the modern Russian society becomes more critical due to contradiction between normative-legal acts, stipulating the gender equality in all spheres of life, and discriminatory social attitudes. The article gives a brief overview of research and practice publications on the problem of gender disparities in labor remuneration and methods to address them in the developed world. The state statistical monitoring of labor productivity in terms of gender is considered as a tool for in-depth study of discrimination

  5. Teaching Emotional Labor through Television and Film

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Katie; Paino, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Emotional labor refers to the process by which workers manage their emotions to align with organizational rules (Hochschild, 2012). In the classroom, the discussion of emotional labor was found to be a contentious issue, with students debating the validity of the concept and/or not understanding its relationship to status. The purpose of this…

  6. How Long Is a Normal Labor?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hildingsson, Ingegerd; Blix, Ellen; Hegaard, Hanne

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Normal progress of labor is a subject for discussion among professionals. The aim of this study was to assess the duration of labor in women with a planned home birth and spontaneous onset who gave birth at home or in hospital after transfer. METHODS: This is a population-based study o...

  7. Labor Market Inequalities in FYR Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2015-01-01

    The study includes an analysis of inequality patterns in terms of labor force participation as well as a review of policy responses, and areas for possible further policy action. In particular, the report looks at the two main dimensions of inequality that characterize Macedonia’s labor market: gender and ethnicity. Almost half the female working age population is inactive, whereas male in...

  8. Macroeconomic implications of labor market frictions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sedláček, P.

    2011-01-01

    Fluctuations in economic activity, business cycles, are a fact of life. An important factor shaping the character of economic fluctuations is the labor market. However, the labor market does not operate smoothly. Neither workers, nor firms are all the same. Therefore, it often requires a substantial

  9. The Division of Labor as Social Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freidson, Eliot

    1976-01-01

    Three different principles and ideologies by which the division of labor can be organized are sketched, along with their consequences for variation in structure and content. It is noted that the reality of the division of labor lies in the social interaction of its participants. (Author/AM)

  10. Fertility Effects on Female Labor Supply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundborg, Petter; Plug, Erik; Rasmussen, Astrid Würtz

    This paper introduces a new IV strategy based on IVF induced fertility variation in childless families to estimate the causal effect of having children on female labor supply using IVF treated women in Denmark. Because observed chances of IVF success do not depend on labor market histories, IVF...

  11. Early smoking, education, and labor market performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Palali, Ali

    2017-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of early smoking on educational attainment and labor market performance by using mixed ordered and mixed proportional hazard models. The results show that early smoking adversely affects educational attainment and initial labor market performance, but only for mal

  12. Empirical studies in labor and education economics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ketel, N.

    2016-01-01

    The chapters of this thesis focus on policy-relevant research questions in economics of education and labor economics. All chapters make use of randomized experiments in order to answer these questions. The second chapter studies the returns to medical school in a regulated labor market, by exploiti

  13. Discoordination of labor activity: theory and practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. R. Kozonov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the literature review of current conception of development, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations and management of discoordination in labor activity. Special attention is payed to the clinical course of the labor and its outcome and for morhpofunctional features of the myometrium in this category of patients.

  14. An Empirical Measure for Labor Market Density

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.A. Gautier (Pieter); C.N. Teulings (Coen)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we derive a structural measure for labor market density based on the Ellison and Glasear (1997) index for industry concentration''. This labor market density measure serves as a proxy for the number of workers that can reach a certain work area within a reasonal amount of t

  15. Determinantes de la temporalidad en el mercado laboral ecuatoriano || Determinants of Temporality in Ecuadorian Labor Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chávez, Yannira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Las diferencias que existen dentro del mercado laboral ecuatoriano, en las diferentes ramas de actividad, evidencian los niveles de formación que los trabajadores deben tener para evitar efectos negativos. Por tal motivo, en este estudio se analiza el papel que las características personales, laborales y geográficas desempeñan en la probabilidad de obtener un contrato temporal frente a uno indefinido. El análisis es realizado por rama de actividad, para determinar qué características posibilitarán la existencia del contrato temporal en cada una de ellas. Para lograr este objetivo, se estiman modelos de regresión logística utilizando los datos de la Encuesta de Empleo, Desempleo y Subempleo desde el 2º trimestre del año 2007 al 2º trimestre del año 2010, elaborada por el Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INEC. || The differences that exist inside the labor Ecuadorian market, in the different branches of activity, demonstrate the training levels that the workers must have to avoid negative effects. However, in this study, the role played by individual, jobs and residence characteristics are analyzed on the probability of having a fixed-term employment versus permanent employment. It is analyzed concretely by branch of activity, to check which are the characteristics that would make it possible the existence of the fixed-term employment in each of them. To achieve this aim, there are estimated models of logistic regression using the information of the Survey of Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment from 2nd quarter of 2007 to the 2nd quarter of 2010, elaborated by the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC.

  16. Child Labor: A Forgotten Focus for Child Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otis, Jack; Pasztor, Eileen Mayers; McFadden, Emily Jean

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the worldwide problem of child labor and efforts to advocate for the welfare of these impoverished children. Considers factors that contribute to the continued use of child labor and the resistance of these labor practices to reform. Discusses child labor in the United States, and urges public advocacy for labor reform within child…

  17. Child Labor: A Forgotten Focus for Child Welfare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otis, Jack; Pasztor, Eileen Mayers; McFadden, Emily Jean

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the worldwide problem of child labor and efforts to advocate for the welfare of these impoverished children. Considers factors that contribute to the continued use of child labor and the resistance of these labor practices to reform. Discusses child labor in the United States, and urges public advocacy for labor reform within child…

  18. Labor market institutions in OECD countries : Origins and consequences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Belot, M.V.K.

    2003-01-01

    This thesis is a contribution to the field of labor economics. It investigates the effects of labor market institutions, such as the labor taxes, unemployment benefits, labor standards and industrial relations systems on the labor market performance. It also raises the question of their legitimacy,

  19. Satisfacción laboral de las enfermeras de los Hospitales Públicos de Badajoz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª del Mar Pablos-González

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Con este estudio pretendemos conocer el grado de satisfacción laboral de las enfermeras asistenciales, que trabajan en los hospitales públicos de la ciudad de Badajoz; determinar si existen diferencias entre las distintas instituciones hospitalarias e identificar las variables que inciden en dicha satisfacción laboral. Métodos: Se aplicó un cuestionario de elaboración propia, para el que se desarrollaron estudios de validez de contenido y fiabilidad, que fue aplicado al personal de Enfermería, que realizan su actividad laboral en los hospitales públicos pertenecientes al Sistema Extremeño de Salud (SES de la ciudad de Badajoz en el año 2009. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta asciende al 34'7%. El perfil de los profesionales es mayoritariamente femenino (83'3%, con condición laboral fijo (78'9% y una experiencia profesional de más de 10 años (77'5%. No existen diferencias significativas en satisfacción laboral entre los profesionales de enfermería de los tres hospitales estudiados. Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos con el empleo de la encuesta, nos han ayudado a identificar qué dimensiones, de la Percepción del ámbito de trabajo, se encuentran más satisfechas las enfermeras. Correspondiendo la mayor puntuación la relativa al desarrollo de sus competencias estando "de acuerdo" (67'2%. A nivel general el grado de satisfacción laboral expresado por el grupo de enfermeras incluidas en el estudio es medio alto lo que concuerda con otros trabajos realizados y de similares características.

  20. [Labor duration: from normality to dystocia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayem, G

    2015-04-01

    "Normal" labor has been surprisingly little studied in the past 60 years even though it is a central axis in obstetrics. Standards were proposed 60 years ago by Emmanuel Friedman and adopted by many countries to become then, driven from Dublin school, the conditions allowing the management of labor: rupture of membranes and oxytocin with, in case of failure for dynamic dystocia, cesarean. Recent data have suggested that labor duration had changed since the 1960s. Changes in women's characteristics and in obstetric practice especially with the widespread use of oxytocin and realization of epidural may have an impact on labor duration. Current studies suggest that it may be possible to authorize longer labor duration without significant increase in maternal or neonatal morbidity. However, it is premature to change practices following the latest American recommendations without prior studies. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier SAS.

  1. Globalization and Cross-Border Labor Organizing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralph Armbruster

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The globalization of the world economy has opened up new possibilities for cross-border labor organizing. In fact, several U.S. unions are working together with unions from Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, Japan, South Korea, and many European nations. For example, over the last several years, UNITE (Union of Needletrades, Industrial, and Textile Employees, the AFL-CIO, and the international garment workers trade secretariat have worked directly with maquiladora workers in Honduras and the Dominican Republic. These efforts led to the formation of several labor unions and the first contracts ever negotiated in the maquiladoras in the Dominican Republic. In addition, labor rights and solidarity organizations, like the Campaign for Labor Rights, Witness for Peace, and the US/Guatemala Labor Education Project (US/GLEP, along with many other groups, have also played key roles in the formation of maquiladora unions in Nicaragua and Guatemala.

  2. La selectividad como riesgo laboral en la labor docente universitaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez Martinez, Pedro

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad no hay datos que sirvan de soporte para analizar la contribución de los alumnos en el fracaso escolar. Para lo cual, se ha elaborado un test con una serie de items que determinan el grado de cumplimiento de la “actividad discente” recogida en los siguientes campos: asistir a clase, hacer uso de las tutorías para resolver dudas, estudio diario para poder llevar a cabo una evaluación continua, asistir a los exámenes finales, y nivel de preparación básica e interés con que los alumnos llegan a la universidad para que los profesores puedan trabajar. El control para que este comportamiento no ocurra está en la selectividad. Una selectividad inadecuada conduce a los profesores a un estado de ansiedad, estrés laboral, y burn-out (quemado que con el mobbing que provoca el acoso de una evaluación docente mal entendida hace cada vez más inviable el trabajo docente.

  3. APORTES DE LA ORIENTACIÓN VOCACIONAL EN EL CONTEXTO LABORAL

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Viria Ureña Salazar; Carmen Barboza Arrieta

    2015-01-01

    El presente documento hace referencia al aporte de la Orientación en el contexto laboral, a partir de la experiencia acumulada en el desarrollo de los cursos de la Licenciatura en Ciencias de la Educación con énfasis...

  4. The Effect of School Inputs on Labor Market Returns that Account for Selective Migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHenry, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I estimate the effect of state school inputs on labor market returns to schooling. The method follows Card and Krueger (1992) and Heckman et al. (1996), but I extend their analysis in two ways. First, I correct state-level returns to schooling for selective migration, adapting a method from Dahl (2002). Second, I use more recent…

  5. [Changes in labor market participation of older employees in Germany: the perspective of labor market research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brussig, M

    2009-08-01

    For many years, Germany has been regarded in international comparisons as an example of a generous early retirement culture, resulting in a low labor market participation of older employees. Recently, however, employment rates of older employees have increased remarkably. Reasons are the demographic structure of older persons in Germany, a long-term trend of increasing female labor market participation, and reforms in labor-market policies and pension policies during the last 10 years. Despite an increasing labor market participation of older employees, traditional labor market risks for older persons partly remained, but some new risks evolved as well. Therefore, social differentiation among older employees increased.Although detailed macro descriptions exist, the causes of labor market developments cannot be fully understood with cross-sectional data alone. An important stimulus is to be expected from individual longitudinal data which reflect employment histories and labor market transitions such as employment exit and retirement.

  6. 20 CFR 656.26 - Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals review of denials of labor certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Board of Alien Labor Certification Appeals review of denials of labor certification. 656.26 Section 656.26 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LABOR CERTIFICATION PROCESS FOR PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor...

  7. Medications for Pain Relief during Labor and Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... FAQ086 LABOR, DELIVERY, AND POSTPARTUM CARE Medications for Pain Relief During Labor and Delivery • What are the types ... an epidural”) is the most common type of pain relief used during labor and delivery in the United ...

  8. Migrant Labor in the Workforce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla DAHL-JØRGENSEN

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We compared immigrant workers with native workers on several factors related to their perception of their work identity anchored in their psychosocial work environment, and the result of these factors on work stress and subjective health. The data for this study came from a survey among migrant laborers in the construction and cleaning business (N=125 and was compared to a native sample (N=654 we used in an earlier study. The present study showed that the migrant workers perceived more over-commitment and higher job stress than native workers. This finding was similar to the first study in relation to these two factors. In this study, however, the construction workers and cleaners did not have significant higher levels of mental health problems than native workers. The personal ambitions of the immigrants, measured as a higher level of over-commitment was seen as a driving force behind the patterns we found. In this new study, the construction workers and cleaners showed significantly lower commitment than the natives, but still a path from over-commitment to commitment was found and may function as a barrier from developing even more stress and mental health reactions over time.

  9. FADIGA LABORAL EM TRABALHADORES RURAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Nayalle de Souza Oliveira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo fue identificar la existencia de estrés laboral de trabajadores rurales del Bom Jesus-PI, Brasil. Estudio descriptivo exploratorio llevado acabo entre abril y junio de 2011, con 47 trabajadores. Recopilación de datos se realizó por instrumento para evaluación del estrés llamado Cuestionario Bipolar y guión de entrevista semiestructurada con la caracterización del perfil sociodemográfico y de las condiciones de trabajo. Se tabularon los cuestionarios, que se compararon por Chi-Cuadrado con 95% de confiabilidad. Se realizó para diferenciación o clasificación de las respuestas analizadas y observación del comportamiento dentro de grupos el análisis de componentes principales y agrupaciones. El estrés es común en el medio rural, principalmente en forma de estrés intenso, debido a la exposición a condiciones insalubres para el trabajador. Aunque no se identifican, directamente, sus factores desencadenantes, por lo tanto, sus medidas de prevención.

  10. Statistical Mechanics of Labor Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, He; Inoue, Jun-ichi

    We introduce a probabilistic model of labor markets for university graduates, in particular, in Japan. To make a model of the market efficiently, we take into account several hypotheses. Namely, each company fixes the (business year independent) number of opening positions for newcomers. The ability of gathering newcomers depends on the result of job matching process in past business years. This fact means that the ability of the company is weaken if the company did not make their quota or the company gathered applicants too much over the quota. All university graduates who are looking for their jobs can access the public information about the ranking of companies. Assuming the above essential key points, we construct the local energy function of each company and describe the probability that an arbitrary company gets students at each business year by a Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution. We evaluate the relevant physical quantities such as the employment rate. We find that the system undergoes a sort of `phase transition' from the `good employment phase' to `poor employment phase' when one controls the degree of importance for the ranking.

  11. The Vulnerability of the Regional Labor Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihail Rarița

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In the past decades, the European and Romanian economies have been strongly affected by major changes which have influenced also the labor market: the alert pace of the international economic integration, the creation of work division in order to protect some economic sectors, the accelerated development and implementation of new technologies, the increase of the demographic aging trends. In the context of the amplified labor force crisis, the present paper will analyze some dysfunctions which have affected especially the regional labor market: the chronic unemployment, the mismatch between the demand and the offer of jobs and the localized consequences of the labor migration. The approach on these aspects was done in a vaster context intended to analyze the regional labor market of Galati and Braila, starting from the existent imbalances on these markets. The present paper starts from the premise that the proposal of some measurements which should lead to a balancing of the regional working market, must take into account the way in which the direct actors involved are defining these obstacles and opportunities for professional (reinsertion. In order to highlight both the opinions and the perceptions of the participants on the labor market, the research had to take place on two levels: among the groups with a difficult position on the labor market and among the employers.

  12. Shocks and child labor: the role of markets

    OpenAIRE

    Dumas, Christelle

    2015-01-01

    Economic shocks have been shown to affect child labor and particularly so when households fail to access credit. This paper endeavours to assess whether access toagricultural labor markets also reduce the impact of shocks on child labor. Using panel data from Tanzania, we confirm that households respond to transitory productivity shocks by changes in child labor, but that (1) child labor increases with increases in rainfall, (2) it increases less when households have access to a labor market ...

  13. The risk factors for labor onset hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohno, Yasumasa; Terauchi, Mikio; Tamakoshi, Koji; Shiozaki, Arihiro; Saito, Shigeru

    2016-04-01

    Our aim was to clarify the perinatal outcomes of and risk factors for hypertension that is first detected after labor onset (labor onset hypertension, LOH), which may be a risk factor for eclampsia and stroke during labor. A total of 1349 parturient women who did not exhibit preeclampsia or gestational hypertension prior to labor were examined. The patients were classified into four groups: the normotensive (n=1023) (whose systolic blood pressure (SBP) remained below 140 mm Hg throughout labor), mild LOH (n=241) (whose maximum SBP during labor ranged from 140 to 159 mm Hg), severe LOH (n=66) (whose maximum SBP during labor ranged from 160 to 179 mm Hg) and emergent LOH groups (n=19) (whose maximum SBP during labor was greater than 180 mm Hg). The perinatal outcomes and patient characteristics of the four groups were compared. Twenty-four percent of the pregnant women who remained normotensive throughout pregnancy developed hypertension during labor. One of the patients in the emergent LOH group developed eclampsia. The blood pressure at delivery and frequencies of hypotensor use, interventional delivery and low Apgar scores differed significantly among the four groups. The following risk factors for severe/emergent LOH were extracted: being over 35 years old, a body mass index at delivery of >30, an SBP at 36 weeks' gestation of 130-134 mm Hg, an SBP at admission of 130-139 mm Hg, proteinuria (a score of 2+ on the dipstick test) and severe edema. The risk factors for severe/emergent LOH were identified in this study. In high risk cases, repeatedly measuring maternal blood pressure during delivery might help detect critical hypertension early.

  14. Labor compensation,labor productivity and labor cost advantage—An empirical study of Chinese manufacturing enterprises during 2000-2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    都阳; 曲玥

    2009-01-01

    Unlike the usual practice of equating wages or labor compensation with labor cost,this paper incorporates labor productivity into an analytical framework and holds that the labor cost advantage is the relative relationship between labor compensation and labor productivity.Based on an empirical study of the data of Chinese manufacturing firms that include all state-owned enterprises and non-state-owned enterprises with their annual revenue greater than 5 million yuan from 2000 to 2007,this paper finds that labor compensation growth was accompanied by faster labor productivity growth.Hence,the labor cost advantage was not weakened during this period.Furthermore,this paper conducts an exploration of how to sustain labor cost advantages in the future and proposes that they can be sustained by upgrading the industrial structure and improving the education system.

  15. Outcomes of nulliparous women with spontaneous labor onset admitted to hospitals in preactive versus active labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Jeremy L; Lamp, Jane M; Buck, Jacalyn S; Lowe, Nancy K; Gillespie, Shannon L; Ryan, Sharon L

    2014-01-01

    The timing of when a woman is admitted to the hospital for labor care following spontaneous contraction onset may be among the most important decisions that labor attendants make because it can influence care patterns and birth outcomes. The aims of this study were to estimate the percentage of low-risk, nulliparous women at term who are admitted to labor units prior to active labor and to evaluate the effects of the timing of admission (ie, preactive vs active labor) on labor interventions and mode of birth. Data from low-risk, nulliparous women with spontaneous labor onset at term gestation were merged from 2 prospective studies conducted at 3 large Midwestern hospitals. Baseline characteristics, labor interventions, and outcomes were compared between groups using Fisher's exact and Mann-Whitney U tests, as appropriate. Likelihoods for oxytocin augmentation, amniotomy, and cesarean birth were assessed by logistic regression. Of the sample of 216 low-risk nulliparous women, 114 (52.8%) were admitted in preactive labor and 102 (47.2%) were admitted in active labor. Women who were admitted in preactive labor were more likely to undergo oxytocin augmentation (84.2% and 45.1%, respectively; odds ratio [OR], 6.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.43-12.27) but not amniotomy (55.3% and 61.8%, respectively; OR, 0.8; 95% CI, 0.44-1.32) when compared to women admitted in active labor. The likelihood of cesarean birth was higher for women admitted before active labor onset (15.8% and 6.9%, respectively; OR, 2.6; 95% CI, 1.02-6.37). Many low-risk nulliparous women with regular, spontaneous uterine contractions are admitted to labor units before active labor onset, which increases their likelihood of receiving oxytocin and giving birth via cesarean. An evidence-based, standardized approach for labor admission decision making is recommended to decrease inadvertent admissions of women in preactive labor. When active labor cannot be diagnosed with relative certainty, observation

  16. Proceso artesanal de extracción, manejo y secado de las fibras naturales de banano (Musa paradisiaca en la Parroquia El Retiro de la Provincia de El Oro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Maldonado

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ecuador es considerado un país bananero. En muchas de sus provincias existen grandes plantaciones de banano y que se aprovecha solo el fruto. Se desechan su pseudotallo y otras partes, que pocas veces se emplean como abono. El objetivo del  proyecto es darle un valor agregado a este  residuo, aprovechando toda la fibra natural que posee para utilizarla en la obtención de panelería y enchapes del tipo Fibra de densidad media, conocidos por su sigla en inglés MDF. El presente artículo tiene como propósito dar a conocer el proceso de extracción de las fibras de una forma absolutamente artesanal que se inicia a partir de la selección y corte del pseudotallo, su  desvainado y la separación  de cada uno de los tipos de fibras. Estas se clasifican en suaves, duras  y la denominada  malla. Una vez obtenidas las fibras, se procede a secarlas, se observan detenidamente y se tiene en cuenta las horas de exposición al sol, y las que permanecen a la sombra, prestando  especial atención  al color que adquieren  de acuerdo con la radiación solar, y el tiempo de cortado el pseudotallo. Se consideró aplicarle color a la fibra y se tiñó mediante un proceso de cocción, durante el cual se le agrega  tinte  vegetal  de color turquesa. Posteriormente concluimos que  para el objeto de nuestro estudio  no es necesario  que tengan colores  artificiales,  pero sí sería ideal, aumentar  la intensidad de su color natural después del secado, eso realzaría la textura de los paneles y enchapes que se desean obtener.

  17. Emotional labor demands and compensating wage differentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glomb, Theresa M; Kammeyer-Mueller, John D; Rotundo, Maria

    2004-08-01

    The concept of emotional labor demands and their effects on workers has received considerable attention in recent years, with most studies concentrating on stress, burnout, satisfaction, or other affective outcomes. This study extends the literature by examining the relationship between emotional labor demands and wages at the occupational level. Theories describing the expected effects of job demands and working conditions on wages are described. Results suggest that higher levels of emotional labor demands are associated with lower wage rates for jobs low in cognitive demands and with higher wage rates for jobs high in cognitive demands. Implications of these findings are discussed. (c) 2004 APA

  18. Child Labor in Africa: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canagarajah, Sudharshan; Nielsen, Helena Skyt

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyzes the determinants of child labor in Africa as inferred from recent empirical studies. The empirical analysis is based upon five country studies undertaken in three different African countries, namely Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Zambia. Some support is found for the popular belief...... of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance. Among school costs, transportation costs have the greatest effect on child labor and school attendance, whereas the hypothesis of imperfect capital markets and that of household composition generally find some...

  19. Child Labor in Africa: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Canagarajah, Sudharshan

    1999-01-01

    This paper analyzes the determinants of child labor in Africa as inferred from recent empirical studies. The empirical analysis is based upon five country studies undertaken in three different African countries, namely Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Zambia. Some support is found for the popular belief...... of poverty as a determinant of child labor, however other determinants are of similar importance. Among school costs, transportation costs have the greatest effect on child labor and school attendance, whereas the hypothesis of imperfect capital markets and that of household composition generally find some...

  20. Active labor market policies and crime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tranæs, Torben

    2015-01-01

    Active labor market programs continue to receive high priority in wealthy countries despite the fact that the benefits appear small relative to the costs. This apparent discrepancy suggests that the programs may have a broader purpose than simply increasing employment—for instance, preventing anti-social...... behavior such as crime. Indeed, recent evidence shows that participation in active labor market programs reduces crime among unemployed young men. The existence of such effects could explain why it is the income-redistributing countries with greater income equality that spend the most on active labor...

  1. Active labor market policies and crime

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tranæs, Torben

    2015-01-01

    Active labor market programs continue to receive high priority in wealthy countries despite the fact that the benefits appear small relative to the costs. This apparent discrepancy suggests that the programs may have a broader purpose than simply increasing employment—for instance, preventing anti......-social behavior such as crime. Indeed, recent evidence shows that participation in active labor market programs reduces crime among unemployed young men. The existence of such effects could explain why it is the income-redistributing countries with greater income equality that spend the most on active labor...

  2. The "Bad Labor" Footprint: Quantifying the Social Impacts of Globalization

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moana S Simas; Laura Golsteijn; Mark A J Huijbregts; Richard Wood; Edgar G Hertwich

    2014-01-01

    .... In particular, we analyze how much occupational health damage, vulnerable employment, gender inequality, share of unskilled workers, child labor, and forced labor is associated with the production...

  3. 76 FR 48901 - Office of Trade and Labor Affairs; National Advisory Committee for Labor Provisions of U.S. Free...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ...Pursuant to the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), as amended, 5. U.S.C. App. 2, the Office of Trade and Labor Affairs (OTLA) gives notice of a meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Labor Provisions of U.S. Free Trade Agreements (``Committee'' or ``NAC''), which was established by the Secretary of Labor. The purpose of the meeting is to provide advice to the Secretary of Labor through the Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) concerning the implementation of the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC)--the labor side accord to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)--and the labor provisions of free trade agreements.

  4. Employment: Labor Force Status (1983-2012)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Civilian labor force data consists of the number of employed persons, the number of unemployed persons, an unemployment rate and the total count of both employed and...

  5. Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Adiqa Kausar Kiani

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many factors related to female entering the labor market. For example, household income, household expenditure, education and status of the head of the household (male/ female. The degree of correlation between each variable and female labor force participation rate varies throughout the country. This study focused on the factors due to which women enter in labor market. Tobit model is used for this analysis. It is concluded that education and household expenditures have positive but insignificant impact on the female LF, whereas household income and head of the household has negative impact on FLF. It is suggested that in order to improve the working condition of female labor force government should take necessary action, for example women education etc.

  6. Department of Labor Black Lung C

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Department of Labor (DOL) provides a monthly file through the use of eData which contains the necessary identifying and payment information for all live miners,...

  7. Titrated Misoprostol Versus Dinoprostone for Labor Induction

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Statistical analysis done using Student's t-test for quantitative data and ... Ahmadi Hospital, Kuwait Oil Company, .... Table 1: Demographic data, indication of induction of labor, and initial modified Bishop's score in both studied groups.

  8. Department of Labor, Black Lung B

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — Each month, the Department of Labor (DOL) sends a file through the use of eData which contains changes to Black Lung payments (updates only). Annually, around time...

  9. Emotional Labor in Social Workers’ Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moesby-Jensen, Cecilie Kolonda; Nielsen, Helle Schjellerup

    2015-01-01

    at two Danish social services departments, we identified three types of emotional labor: (1) when the social worker shuts off emotions both during and after the meeting; (2) when the social worker defers emotions and processes them at a later time; and (3) when emotions dominate, and a case gets ‘under...... the skin’ of the social worker. Emotional labor can have both positive and negative effect on the work, and knowledge about different kinds of emotional labor can aid professional discussion about emotions at the work place as well as the psychosocial working environment for the social workers, factors...... which help improve practice. The study showed that emotional labor is a multidimensional concept, hence it is not just managed in different ways by social workers; it is always related to the specific emotion culture and the community of practice at the work place...

  10. #2: Freedom of Movement throughout Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shilling, Teri; DiFranco, Joyce; Simkin, Penny

    2004-01-01

    In this position paper—one of six care practice papers published by Lamaze International and reprinted here with permission—the benefit of allowing freedom of movement throughout labor is discussed and presented as an evidence-based practice that helps promote, protect, and support normal birth. The paper is written for childbearing women and their families. The accompanying commentary—written by a well-known author of numerous articles and books on childbirth—compares the activities of women in two birthing environments: the conventional medicalized setting and the unconventional naturalistic setting. Reasons why women may not move in labor are presented. Lamaze International encourages women to use movement in labor in order to make labor more comfortable and more efficient. PMID:17273383

  11. EL CLIMA LABORAL EN LAS INSTITUCIONES DE SALUD PÚBLICA

    OpenAIRE

    López Chanez Francisco Javier; Casique Guerrero Alicia

    2010-01-01

    Actualmente el clima laboral sigue siendo un área de interés para la gestión del capital humano y psicología del trabajo, debido principalmente a la naturaleza de las actividades del responsable del personal, que demandan la comprensión de las percepciones de los trabajadores, su relación con el desempeño en el trabajo, la satisfacción y el compromiso laboral; así como la creación de un ambiente propicio para el trabajo orientado al logro de las metas de la organización. El presente estudio s...

  12. Las Primeras Jornadas de Psicología Laboral (1985) en Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Bonantini, Carlos Alberto; Gallegos,Miguel; Quiroga, Victor; Cattaneo, María Romina; Berra,Martin

    2015-01-01

    En este trabajo se presenta un análisis bibliométrico sobre las Primeras Jornadas de Psicología Laboral, realizadas los días 26 y 27 de abril de 1985, en Buenos Aires, Argentina. En el desarrollo se destaca el contexto de organización de las jornadas, las temáticas abordadas y el análisis bibliográfico de los trabajos publicados. Con este trabajo se estima contribuir al reconocimiento histórico del área de especialización y profesionalización de la psicología laboral en Argentina. Fil: Bon...

  13. La motivación laboral, estudio descriptivo de algunas variables

    OpenAIRE

    García Sanz, Virginia

    2012-01-01

    La motivación laboral es la fuerza que impulsa al trabajador a realizar determinadas acciones o comportamientos para la consecución de los objetivos de la empresa. La retribución económica por sí sola no es suficiente fuente de motivación laboral, el trabajador espera recibir además un salario emocional, que podemos definir como toda retribución que recibe el trabajador distinta del dinero. El reconocimiento por parte de los superiores y compañeros, el fomento del sentimiento de autonomía y r...

  14. Informalidad y Movilidad Laboral: Un Análisis Empírico para Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Tornarolli, Leopoldo; Conconi, Adriana

    2007-01-01

    Este trabajo busca contribuir al análisis de la informalidad laboral en la Argentina, mediante una evaluación de la estructura del mercado laboral y de la movilidad ocupacional entre distintas categorías de empleo, entre las cuales se incluye la posibilidad de distintos tipos de trabajo informal. Adicionalmente, se estudian los determinantes de que un trabajador busque cambiar su empleo, y la influencia de esta situación en la movilidad ocupacional. En las estimaciones se utilizan microdatos ...

  15. Sobre la flexibilidad laboral en Colombia y la precarización del empleo

    OpenAIRE

    María Alejandra Gómez Vélez

    2014-01-01

    El presente artículo hace parte del proceso de revisión documental de la investigación doctoral: Sentidos y significados del trabajo en el escenario laboral flexible. Una aproximación al contexto de Medellín– Colombia. Objetivo: indagar sobre la flexibilidad laboral en Colombia y su contribución a la precarización del empleo. Método: revisión de literatura. Procedimiento: se realizó una revisión de artículos relacionados, se consultaron investigaciones realizadas en Colombia, medios de comuni...

  16. Calidad del Empleo y Productividad Laboral en el Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Chacaltana, Juan; Yamada, Gustavo

    2009-01-01

    La economía peruana actualmente tiene una baja capacidad para la generación de empleos de calidad, asociada a los bajos niveles de productividad laboral. La primera parte del documento analiza datos del período 2000-2006 y encuentra pocos avances en cuanto al crecimiento de la productividad laboral y los niveles de empleo de calidad. La segunda parte de la investigación ausculta las empresas de dos sectores específicos que destacan por su capacidad de generación de empleo. De acuerdo a una en...

  17. Calidad del Empleo y Productividad Laboral en el Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Chacaltana, Juan; Yamada, Gustavo

    2009-01-01

    La economía peruana actualmente tiene una baja capacidad para la generación de empleos de calidad, asociada a los bajos niveles de productividad laboral. La primera parte del documento analiza datos del período 2000-2006 y encuentra pocos avances en cuanto al crecimiento de la productividad laboral y los niveles de empleo de calidad. La segunda parte de la investigación ausculta las empresas de dos sectores específicos que destacan por su capacidad de generación de empleo. De acuerdo a una en...

  18. MODELO DE MEJORAMIENTO DE LA COMPETITIVIDAD BASADO EN LA CALIDAD DE VIDA LABORAL

    OpenAIRE

    PESCE GONZALEZ, DANTE

    2005-01-01

    El objetivo del presente proyecto es aumentar la competitividad de las empresas nacionales a través del mejoramiento de la calidad de vida laboral al interior de la empresa. La situación actual, caracterizada por la apertura de nuevos mercados, la entrada de nuevos y mejores productos y las cada vez menores barreras arancelarias, ha producido que las organizaciones se han tenido que hacer cada vez más eficientes, transformando a la calidad de vida laboral en una variable de potencial im...

  19. Child Labor in Ghana: A multidimensional analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Sam, Victoria Nyarkoah

    2016-01-01

    Child labor is a threatening evil. It is particularly dangerous because it involves the sacrifice of a child’s future welfare in exchange for immediate benefit; it is a difficult phenomenon to combat because it involves questions of power within the households. This study attempts to comprehensively investigate various dimensions of child labor in Ghana and show whether its ban will be beneficial to the country.

  20. Child-Labor Proposal Eyes Private Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cech, Scott J.

    2007-01-01

    Proposed child-labor-rule changes--the most ambitious in 30 years--would carve out a permanent exemption to U.S. Department of Labor regulations for the work-study program run by a national network of Roman Catholic high schools. The program is a requirement of the Chicago-based Cristo Rey Network, which now has 12 high schools around the country…

  1. Child-Labor Proposal Eyes Private Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cech, Scott J.

    2007-01-01

    Proposed child-labor-rule changes--the most ambitious in 30 years--would carve out a permanent exemption to U.S. Department of Labor regulations for the work-study program run by a national network of Roman Catholic high schools. The program is a requirement of the Chicago-based Cristo Rey Network, which now has 12 high schools around the country…

  2. The labor force of the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norwood, J L

    1987-07-01

    In the decades ahead, the US labor force will reflect changes in the industrial structure, with declines in some manufacturing industries and expansion in service industries. The services sector is so diverse that the jobs within it cannot be categorized as either high wage or low wage. The service-producing sector employs 85% of professional specialty workers in the US. In general, information on compensation trends indicates that greater increases in compensation have occurred for workers in service-producing as opposed to goods-producing industries. The increase in service sector jobs has created opportunities for women to enter the labor force and, at present, 5 out of 6 women work in this sector compared to fewer than 2 out of 3 men. Productivity growth rates in the service-producing industries vary substantially and are strongly affected by the business cycle. Central to employment opportunities in the years ahead will be the effect of new technology. To date, the aggregate effect of new technology has been increased employment and higher living standards. Although retraining programs should be in place, the scenario of a huge technology-created labor surplus seems unlikely. In fact, a more likely problem is a shortage of labor resulting from earlier labor force withdrawal and demographic aging of the population. Those in the 25-54-year age group will represent a larger share of the labor force in the years ahead. In addition, blacks are expected to account for 20% of the labor force growth in the next decade. Finally, given increasing labor force participation rates among mothers, employers may have to provide more flexible work schedules, assistance with day care, and more attractive benefits packages.

  3. Central bank conservatism and labor market reform

    OpenAIRE

    Jordahl, Henrik; Laséen, Stefan

    1999-01-01

    How does central bank conservatism affect labor market reform? In this paper we examine the economic forces at work. An increase in conservatism triggers two opposite effects. It reduces the inflation bias of discretionary monetary policy and hence the benefits of a reform. It also increases unemployment variability, which increases the precautionary benefits of a reform. In combination, the two effects produce a u-shaped relation between conservatism and labor market reform. An empirical inv...

  4. Social Preferences and Labor Market Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filges, Trine; Kennes, John; Larsen, Birthe;

    2006-01-01

    We find that the main featues of labor policy across OECD countries can be explained by a simple general equilibrium search model with risk neutral agents and a government that chooses policy to maximize a social welfare function. In equilibrum, policies are chosen to optimal redistribute income....... The model also explains why countries that appear to pursue equity spend more on both active and passive labor market programs....

  5. China's Cheap-Labor Era Is Ending

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    International Finance News

    2010-01-01

    @@ This year,salary has increased in eastern China's enterprises;governments in central and western China have raised minimum-wage standards…signals for higher labor cost emerge from time to time.This rising economic phenomenon poses a series of problems-is China's economy stepping out of the cheap-labor era? What opportunities and challenges may lie ahead in this important course of transition?

  6. Measuring educational heterogeneity and labor quality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosgerau, Mogens; Hougaard Jensen, Svend E.; Sørensen, Anders

    2002-01-01

    This paper investigates the magnitude of the mismeasurement that occurs when only a few education categories are used in the construction of a constant quality index for labor input. By employing a very comprehensive data set it is found that the error resulting from the omission of information...... on education is relatively small. The empirical results are thus supportive of the current state of practice of constructing indices of constant quality labor input....

  7. Labor Markets, Unemployment and Optimal Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Alok Kumar

    2013-01-01

    The optimal infation rate and the relationship between inflation and unemployment are central issues in macroeconomics. It is widely accepted that inflation is a monetary phenomenon. However, there is little consensus with regard to unemployment. Economists differ widely in their view of labor markets and wage-setting mechanisms. The present paper develops a search-theoretic monetary model with imperfect labor markets. It studies the issue of the optimal inflation rate and the relationship be...

  8. Estudo comparativo entre concentrações de bupivacaína a 0,125% e a 0,25% associada ao fentanil para analgesia de parto por via peridural Estudio comparativo entre concentraciones de bupivacaína a 0,125% y a 0,25% asociada al fentanil para analgesia de parto por vía peridural Comparison between 0.125% and 0.25% bupivacaine associated to fentanyl for epidural labor analgesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Emanuel Wortmann Gomes

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A analgesia de parto tem a finalidade de diminuir ou até excluir o sofrimento materno durante o trabalho de parto, sendo considerada um método seguro e efetivo para o alívio da dor. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar duas concentrações de bupivacaína (0,25% e 0,125%, associada ao fentanil na analgesia de parto por via peridural, quanto à eficácia antálgica e o grau de bloqueio motor, e verificar a influência das diferentes concentrações utilizadas na duração do trabalho de parto, no bem estar do recém-nascido e na satisfação materna. MÉTODO: Neste estudo prospectivo e duplamente encoberto, 51 gestantes primíparas foram distribuídas aleatoriamente em dois grupos para receberem uma de duas concentrações de bupivacaína para indução de analgesia de parto (0,25% [n = 23] ou 0,125% [n = 28]. Para a mensuração da analgesia, foi utilizado a escala numérica de dor, e para a avaliação do bloqueio motor, a escala de Bromage. Para a comparação das médias, foi utilizado o teste t de Student, e, para a comparação das proporções, o teste Qui-quadrado, com p JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La analgesia de parto tiene la finalidad de disminuir, o hasta excluir el sufrimiento materno durante el trabajo de parto, siendo considerada un método seguro y efectivo para el alivio del dolor. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comparar dos concentraciones de bupivacaína (0,25% e 0,125%, asociada al fentanil en la analgesia de parto por vía peridural, cuanto a la eficacia antálgica y el grado de bloqueo motor, y verificar la influencia de las diferentes concentraciones utilizadas en la duración del trabajo de parto, en el bien estar del recién-nacido y en la satisfacción materna. MÉTODO: En este estudio prospectivo y duplamente encubierto, 51 gestantes primíparas fueron distribuidas aleatoriamente en dos grupos para recibir una de dos concentraciones de bupivacaína para inducción de analgesia de parto

  9. Comparison of labor progression between induced and noninduced multiparous women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Matthew K; Vahratian, Anjel; Sciscione, Anthony C; Troendle, James F; Zhang, Jun

    2006-05-01

    The incidence of labor induction is rising rapidly in the United States. Among multiparas, labor is often followed with traditional labor curves derived from noninduced pregnancies. We sought to determine how labor progression of multiparous women who presented in spontaneous labor differed from those who were electively induced with and from those induced without preinduction cervical ripening. We analyzed data on all low-risk multiparous women with an elective induction or spontaneous onset of labor between 37(+0) and 40(+6) weeks of gestation from January 2002 to March 2004 at a single institution. The median duration of labor by each centimeter of cervical dilatation and the risk of cesarean delivery were computed for 61 women with preinduction cervical ripening and oxytocin induction, 735 women with oxytocin induction, and 1,885 women with a spontaneous onset of labor. An intracervical Foley catheter was used to ripen the cervix. Those women who experienced electively induced labor without cervical ripening had a shorter active phase of labor than did those admitted in spontaneous labor (99 minutes in induced labor versus 161 minutes in spontaneous labor, P labor (109 minutes versus 161 minutes, P = .01). The pattern of labor progression differs for women with an electively induced labor without cervical ripening compared with those who present with spontaneous onset of labor.

  10. Labor Economists Get Their Microscope: Big Data and Labor Market Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, John J; Tambe, Prasanna

    2015-09-01

    This article describes how the fine-grained data being collected by Internet labor market intermediaries, such as employment websites, online labor markets, and knowledge discussion boards, are providing new research opportunities and directions for the empirical analysis of labor market activity. After discussing these data sources, we examine some of the research opportunities they have created, highlight some examples of existing work that already use these new data sources, and enumerate the challenges associated with the use of these corporate data sources.

  11. Perils of the new labor management guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Wayne R; Friedman, Emanuel A

    2015-04-01

    Recent guidelines issued jointly by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine for assessing labor progress differ substantially from those described initially by Friedman, which have guided clinical practice for decades. The guidelines are based on results obtained from new and untested methods of analyzing patterns of cervical dilatation and fetal descent. Before these new guidelines are adopted into clinical practice, the results obtained by these unconventional analytic approaches should be validated and shown to be superior, or at least equivalent, to currently accepted standards. The new guidelines indicate the patterns of labor originally described by Friedman are incorrect and, further, are inapplicable to modern obstetric practice. We contend that the original descriptions of normal and abnormal labor progress, which were based on direct clinical observations, accurately describe progress in dilatation and descent, and that the differences reported more recently are likely attributable to patient selection and the potential inaccuracy of very high-order polynomial curve-fitting methods. The clinical evaluation of labor is a process of serially estimating the likelihood of a safe vaginal delivery. Because many factors contribute to that likelihood, such as cranial molding, head position and attitude, and the bony architecture and capacity of the pelvis, graphic labor patterns should never be used in isolation. The new guidelines are based heavily on unvalidated notions of labor progress and ignore clinical parameters that should remain cornerstones of intrapartum decision-making.

  12. Prostaglandins in labor--a translational approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Abdul H; Carson, Ray J; Nelson, Scott M

    2008-05-01

    The mechanisms involved in the initiation of human labor are largely unknown. Understanding the molecular pathways is fundamental in both the development of effective therapeutic strategies and intervention to prevent preterm labor. Prostaglandins are bioactive lipids and members of the eicosanoids family, derived from arachidonic acid, which act in a paracrine or autocrine manner and function via binding to specific G-protein-coupled receptors, activating intracellular signaling and gene transcription. Prostaglandins have a central role in the maintenance of pregnancy and initiation of labor, with the change from uterine quiescence to a contractile state facilitated by differential expression of prostaglandin receptors within the myometrium and fetal membranes. Clinical evidence for the key role of prostaglandins in human parturition is evident from their successful exploitation as exogenous agents for the induction of labor and the role of prostaglandin synthase inhibitors as a preventative therapy for preterm labor. This review aims to focus on prostaglandin synthesis and metabolism and how differential regulation of prostaglandins and their receptors in gestational tissues interact in the initiation of labor.

  13. Integración laboral de inmigrantes haitianos, dominicanos y colombianos en Santiago de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Valenzuela Jeldes

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el actual contexto de la globalización, caracterizado por la reestructuración del sistema de producción capitalista y de las relaciones de trabajo, la migración presenta nuevas y particulares características. A nivel mundial, estamos en presencia de una polarización del mercado laboral, donde conviven empleos estables y bien remunerados con otros informales y ocasionales. Sumado a ello, nos encontramos con trabajadores informales en medios formales, lo cual evidencia las nuevas maneras en que se presenta la informalidad. A nivel nacional, desde la vuelta a la democracia, Chile presenta un aumento considerable de población inmigrante latinoamericana, la cual llega con el objetivo principal de integrarse al mercado laboral. En este marco es que se habla de “inmigrantes laborales”. Chile es un país con una baja tasa de informalidad laboral; con una creciente llegada de inmigrantes laborales y una débil presencia del Estado en cuanto a la integración de la población extranjera. La incorporación de éstos al mercado laboral nacional, considerados mano de obra barata, adquiere características particulares que a través de la presente investigación exploratoria con inmigrantes colombianos, haitianos y dominicanos (la “nueva inmigración” se pretenden develar. Este artículo abordará la creciente inserción de estos inmigrantes al mundo laboral chileno, sus problemáticas para trabajar en Chile y el contradictorio juego de inclusión/exclusión social al que se ven enfrentados.

  14. Labor Studies Programs: Objectives, Proposals, Policies, Outlines & Guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America, Detroit, MI.

    This document outlines a labor studies program which may lead to several levels of achievement: a certificate in labor studies, an associate degree, an associate of arts degree, or a transfer of credits leading to a baccalaureate degree. The program is intended for labor union members or for anyone else interested in labor studies. Objectives of…

  15. 48 CFR 52.247-12 - Supervision, Labor, or Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Supervision, Labor, or....247-12 Supervision, Labor, or Materials. As prescribed in 47.207-5(b), insert a clause substantially... when the contractor is required to furnish supervision, labor, or materials: Supervision, Labor,...

  16. Using Mythematics in the Classroom: The Fifth Labor of Hercules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huber, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The mythology surrounding Hercules has been a part of human culture for over 2,500 years. In ancient Greek mythology, Eurystheus assigns various labors to Hercules, who has to perform them in order to cleanse his soul. This article treats one of the more famous labors, the fifth labor: The Augean Stables. The labor is provided verbatim from…

  17. 48 CFR 222.403-4 - Department of Labor regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITIONS Labor Standards for Contracts Involving Construction 222.403-4 Department of Labor regulations. Direct all questions regarding Department of Labor regulations to the labor advisor. ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Department of...

  18. (1) Insufficient Labor Supply and Wage Increases under Labor Surplus Conditions: From thePerspective of Intra-household Labor Division

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On th labor supp household labor supp response o e basis of family economics and the theory of time allocation, it can be proved that ly under labor surplus conditions is not limitless. Subject to the constraint of intralabor division, the supply curve takes on a special staircase form: with the increase in ly, the reservation wage of rural labor rises constantly by an increasing margin. The f labor supply to wage is not continuous: labor supply will increase only when the wage rises to the new level of reservation wage;

  19. Rasgos de personalidad y autoestima en víctimas de acoso laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Alcides Camargo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La investigación describe las conductas de acoso psicológico laboral, rasgos de personalidad y autoestima de personas que han denunciado acoso laboral ante instancias legales. Participaron cuatro mujeres, entre 45 y 57 años de edad, con tiempo de vinculación mayor a 15 años en organizaciones públicas. Se aplicó el cuestionario Lipt-60, la prueba BFQ, la escala de autoestima de Rosenberg y una entrevista semiestructurada. Los resultados reflejan la presencia de acoso psicológico laboral vertical descendente, cada caso es diferente al no presentar semejanzas en las acciones hostigadoras percibidas y difieren en la intensidad y frecuencia de las estrategias utilizadas por el acosador hacia la víctima. En los rasgos de personalidad todos los casos presentan puntuaciones bajas en afabilidad y estabilidad emocional

  20. Global Value Chains, Labor Organization and Private Social Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riisgaard, Lone

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the opportunities and challenges that private social standards pose for labor organizations. It explores different labor responses to private social standards in East African cut flower industries. The analysis incorporates the concept of labor agency in global value chain...... at production sites. However, labor organizations' ability to seriously challenge the prevailing governance structure of the cut flower value chain appears extremely limited....... analysis and reveals how retailer-driven chains offer more room for labor organizations to exercise their agency than the traditional cut flower value chains. Labor organizations have been able to influence social standard setting and implementation, and to use standards to further labor representation...

  1. La utilización de la entrevista laboral como herramienta de evaluación de competencias

    OpenAIRE

    Asensio Castañeda, Eva María; Blanco Fernández, María Ascensión

    2009-01-01

    La entrevista laboral o de selección es una de las herramientas utilizadas para la evaluación competencial de los alumnos de la asignatura de Libre Elección "Estrategias para la Incorporación al Mundo Profesional". Esta asignatura está destinada a alumnos de últimos cursos con el 50% de los créditos lectivos superados y tiene como fundamento el desarrollo de competencias, la orientación del alumno a su profesión y facilitar su incorporación al mercado laboral....

  2. LA INSEGURIDAD LABORAL Y SUS CONSECUENCIAS EN UN CONTEXTO DE CRISIS ECONÓMICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Sora

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La inseguridad laboral se ha convertido en la actualidad en una de las fuentes de estrés más significativas para muchos trabajadores, siendo especialmente grave en España por las elevadas tasas de desempleo en este periodo de crisis económica. Una prolífera investigación se ha desarrollado al respecto en un intento por alcanzar un conocimiento más completo de este fenómeno. El Instituto de Psicología de los Recursos Humanos, Desarrollo Organizacional y Calidad de Vida Laboral (IDOCAL ha contribuido a esta investigación en los últimos años en varias de sus facetas más significativas. En el ámbito de sus factores determinantes se ha identificado un papel significativo de la antigüedad laboral, la empleabilidad en el mercado laboral, el subempleo, y la autoeficacia laboral. Además se han realizado hallazgos de interés en relación con la diversidad de los tipos de contrato, la inseguridad laboral y sus efectos en los trabajadores. Son de especial interés los estudios que analizan el papel interviniente de distintas variables. En este contexto, nuestros estudios han puesto de manifiesto la relevancia de variables como la justicia organizacional, el clima de justicia organizacional, el apoyo organizacional, la empleabilidad, la dependencia laboral y el distanciamiento psicológico a la hora de predecir la variabilidad en la inseguridad laboral. Por último, las aportaciones del IDOCAL han sido especialmente relevantes al plantear el análisis de la inseguridad laboral como fenómeno colectivo y mostrar cómo la experiencia colectiva de la inseguridad tenía repercusiones sobre el bienestar de los trabajadores más allá de las producidas por sus percepciones individuales. En base a esta investigación se han propuesto en el presente artículo una serie de implicaciones para la práctica profesional.

  3. Factores de riesgo laboral para tenosinovitis del miembro superior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Mevic Garrafa Núñez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Identificar los factores de riesgo desencadenantes de tenosinovitis en los trabajadores verificando qué casos pueden ser considerados de origen laboral y reconocer las formas de presentación más frecuentes en relación al ámbito laboral. Metodología: Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica de la literatura científica publicada en Medline-PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CISDOC-ILO/OSH UPDATE, Scopus, LILACS e IBECS en el período comprendido entre 2007 a 2014. Resultados: Se obtiene un total de 14 artículos entre los cuales 10 eran transversales y 4 son casos y controles. Todos ellos muestran una elevada probabilidad de desarrollar tenosinovitis en el ámbito laboral. La relación con movimientos repetitivos fue el factor de riesgo más importante con OR > 2, seguido de posturas forzadas y el uso de herramientas vibratorias. Respecto a los factores psicosociales la depresión presenta una OR = 3,04 (IC95% 2,43-3,81 y la combinación de movimiento repetitivo y el estrés, OR = 4,94 (IC95% 3,532-6,91. Conclusión: Movimientos repetitivos, posturas forzadas y mantenidas, herramientas vibratorias, edad, ser mujer, raza blanca, estrés fueron los factores de riesgo encontrados sin poder demostrar en ninguno causalidad, siendo los trastornos musculoesqueléticos más prevalentes el síndrome del manguito de los rotadores, la enfermedad de De Quervain, dedo en gatillo y la epicondilitis lateral y medial.

  4. Ecocardiografía en reposo e incapacidad laboral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Domingo Sánchez

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available El método empírico sigue siendo el procedimiento de estimación del grado de incapacidad laboral, reforzado con la interpretación de los datos clínicos y pruebas complementarias. Para los trabajadores con secuelas de patología cardiaca, la ecocardiografía en reposo es la prueba complementaria más usada para objetivar deficiencias orgánicas e inferir limitaciones funcionales, tanto por su accesibilidad como por su especificidad, bajo coste, fácil acceso y nulo riesgo. Habitualmente, en la revisión de trabajadores calificados como incapacitados permanentes, confirmamos que realizan sin limitación significativa una actividad laboral con igual o mayor requerimiento físico que aquella para la que se le consideró incapacitado años atrás. Consideramos necesario el análisis de los fundamentos de epidemiología clínica aplicada a la toma de decisiones en medicina evaluadora, para reflexionar sobre el valor del soporte científico de nuestras decisiones en medicina aplicada a la incapacidad laboral. Se expone un estudio descriptivo de una serie de 100 casos en los que la ecocardiografía fue considerada como prueba básica para la determinación del grado funcional por el Médico Evaluador. Se exponen una serie de reflexiones sobre los resultados, y, sobre el estudio de la literatura especializada aplicable al análisis crítico de los resultados.

  5. Assessing the labor supply and demand missmatch by skills in the Uruguay labor market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Espino

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the mismatch between labor supply and demand for educational qualificationsin the Uruguayan labor market during 2000-2009. It attempts to measure the phenomenonof under-qualification and overqualification by occupation type based on educational requirementfor each occupation. Following the previous literature, the empirical work concentrates onthe determinants of over-education and its impact on wages.

  6. A Guide to Child Labor Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions (DOL), Washington, DC.

    This revised guide to the child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act contains general information useful to employers and coordinators of cooperative and work experience programs involving employment of youth under 18 years of age. Included in the document are provisions relating to: (1) age standards, (2) coverage of the act, (3)…

  7. Labor Market Policy: A Comparative View on the Costs and Benefits of Labor Market Flexibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Lawrence M.

    2012-01-01

    I review theories and evidence on wage-setting institutions and labor market policies in an international comparative context. These include collective bargaining, minimum wages, employment protection laws, unemployment insurance (UI), mandated parental leave, and active labor market policies (ALMPs). Since it is unlikely that an unregulated…

  8. 75 FR 78758 - Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... of the Secretary Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade Policy ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of the Federal... Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiation and Trade Policy. Date, Time, Place: January 12, 2011; 10 a.m.-11...

  9. 77 FR 20054 - Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... of the Secretary Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade Policy ACTION: Meeting Notice. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of the Federal... Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiation and Trade Policy. Date, Time, Place: May 14, 2012; 2 p.m.-4 p.m...

  10. 76 FR 31641 - Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    ... of the Secretary Bureau of International Labor Affairs; Labor Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiations and Trade Policy ACTION: Meeting notice. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of the Federal... Advisory Committee for Trade Negotiation and Trade Policy. Date, Time, Place: June 28, 2011; 3 p.m.-4:30 p...

  11. Emotional labor: ontwikkeling en validering van de Dutch Questionnaire on Emotional Labor (D-QEL)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Briët, Mariette; Näring, Gérard; Brouwers, André; van Droffelaar, Annemarie

    2008-01-01

    In this study emotional labor is defined as intentional, internal processes which create or maintain a state of dissonance. This paper describes the development and the subsequent validation of the Dutch Questionnaire on Emotional Labor (D-QEL) as tested on samples of 365 teachers in mathematics and

  12. Labor Relations: Unions and the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    reflect today’s labor relations environment as commanders still do not understand labor law and the roles of unions. 3 Labor Relations in Federal...current leanings of the administration, it is not likely the uniform services would be considered for exclusion from labor law , at least in the near term...better understanding of labor law and employee relations. Popular with companies in the private sector, business management companies provide a variety

  13. How Does China's New Labor Contract Law Affect Floating Workers?

    OpenAIRE

    Richard B. Freeman; Xiaoying Li

    2013-01-01

    China's new Labor Contract Law took effect on January 2008 and required firms to give migrant workers written contracts, strengthened labor protections for workers and contained penalties for firms that did not follow the labor code. This paper uses survey data of migrant workers in the Pearl River Delta before and after the law and a retrospective question on when workers received their first labor contract to assess the effects of the law on labor outcomes. The evidence shows that the new l...

  14. Employment Growth through Labor Flow Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, Omar A.; Axtell, Robert L.

    2013-01-01

    It is conventional in labor economics to treat all workers who are seeking new jobs as belonging to a labor pool, and all firms that have job vacancies as an employer pool, and then match workers to jobs. Here we develop a new approach to study labor and firm dynamics. By combining the emerging science of networks with newly available employment micro-data, comprehensive at the level of whole countries, we are able to broadly characterize the process through which workers move between firms. Specifically, for each firm in an economy as a node in a graph, we draw edges between firms if a worker has migrated between them, possibly with a spell of unemployment in between. An economy's overall graph of firm-worker interactions is an object we call the labor flow network (LFN). This is the first study that characterizes a LFN for an entire economy. We explore the properties of this network, including its topology, its community structure, and its relationship to economic variables. It is shown that LFNs can be useful in identifying firms with high growth potential. We relate LFNs to other notions of high performance firms. Specifically, it is shown that fewer than 10% of firms account for nearly 90% of all employment growth. We conclude with a model in which empirically-salient LFNs emerge from the interaction of heterogeneous adaptive agents in a decentralized labor market. PMID:23658682

  15. Employment growth through labor flow networks.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar A Guerrero

    Full Text Available It is conventional in labor economics to treat all workers who are seeking new jobs as belonging to a labor pool, and all firms that have job vacancies as an employer pool, and then match workers to jobs. Here we develop a new approach to study labor and firm dynamics. By combining the emerging science of networks with newly available employment micro-data, comprehensive at the level of whole countries, we are able to broadly characterize the process through which workers move between firms. Specifically, for each firm in an economy as a node in a graph, we draw edges between firms if a worker has migrated between them, possibly with a spell of unemployment in between. An economy's overall graph of firm-worker interactions is an object we call the labor flow network (LFN. This is the first study that characterizes a LFN for an entire economy. We explore the properties of this network, including its topology, its community structure, and its relationship to economic variables. It is shown that LFNs can be useful in identifying firms with high growth potential. We relate LFNs to other notions of high performance firms. Specifically, it is shown that fewer than 10% of firms account for nearly 90% of all employment growth. We conclude with a model in which empirically-salient LFNs emerge from the interaction of heterogeneous adaptive agents in a decentralized labor market.

  16. Subcontratación: relación laboral encubierta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Añez Hernández

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se centra en estudiar cómo la subcontratación se constituye en una nueva relación laboral que tiene varios efectos negativos para el trabajador. Así mismo, resalta la relación triangular generada con la subcontratación, y por ende, las relaciones encubiertas. La investigación es teórica tomando como referencia autores como Malm (2005, Hernández (2005, Echeverría (2009, Alos (2008, Villasmil (2007, Lagazzi (2009 entre otros. Los resultados reflejan, que la subcontratación laboral aparece como estrategia para evadir y ocultar verdaderas relaciones laborales. Bajo esta forma de contratación, se está convirtiendo la relación de empleo en una mera relación mercantil o civil, confiriendo al trabajador un estatus que no tiene, es decir, la de un empresario prestador deservicio, que no es más que un falso autónomo, con lo cual se enmascara las relaciones laborales.

  17. Fusiones y flexibilidad laboral en la banca universal venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Candelaria González

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente artículo es describir los cambios en los diferentes tipos de flexibilidad laboral producidos en la banca universal venezolana de capital nacional, a partir del proceso de globalización financiera de 1994; como consecuencia de la desregulación financiera y el mayor uso de las tecnologías. El tipo de investigación es descriptiva y se utilizó un diseño de investigación no experimental, longitudinal, de tendencia; al realizarse el estudio desde 1994 hasta el 2008. Las fuentes de información utilizadas fueron primarias y secundarias. Se realizó un trabajo de campo en 3 bancos universales, seleccionando una muestra de 30 trabajadores, con un muestreo no probabilístico de tipo intencional; aplicándoles un cuestionario y una entrevista estructurada. Los autores analizados en el desarrollo de la flexibilidad laboral fueron: Coller (1997, Battistini y Montes (2000, Estrada (2004, Urréa (1999 y Castel (1996. Los resultados obtenidos evidencian que existen cambios de tipo numérico, funcional, salarial, de selección de personal, de la relación del sindicato con los trabajadores y con la empresa yen la contratación del personal en las oficinas bancarias

  18. Diferencias sociales y regionales en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas, 2001-2004.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Romero

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se estudian las diferencias en el ingreso laboral desde una perspectiva regional. El análisis responde a tres preguntas ¿Existen diferencias en el ingreso laboral de las principales ciudades colombianas?, ¿Que porcentaje de la desigualdad social en el ingreso laboral se puede atribuir a las diferencias regionales? y ¿Cuál es el costo social de tener un mercado laboral segmentado? A la primera pregunta el articulo responde que si existen, aunque menores a las observadas cuando se controla por educación, características laborales y costo de vida. En cuanto a la segunda pregunta, una descomposición de la desigualdad en el ingreso laboral sugiere que el efecto regional es nulo. Con respecto a la última pregunta se muestra que el costo social se traduce en bajas tasas de retorno al capital humano y menor tasa de ocupación.

  19. Induction of labor in women with a history of fast labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Tiffany H; Fenton, Bradford W; Melrose, Erica L; McCarroll, Michele L; von Gruenigen, Vivian E

    2016-01-01

    History of fast labor is currently subjectively defined and inductions for non-medical indications are becoming restricted. We hypothesized that women induced for a history of fast labor do not have faster previous labors and do not deliver more quickly. A retrospective case-control cohort design studied multiparas undergoing elective induction at one high risk center. Outcomes of dyads electively induced for a history of previous fast labor indication (PFast) were compared to controls with a psychosocial indication. A total of 612 elective inductions with 1074 previous deliveries were evaluated: 81 (13%) PFast and 531 (87%) control. PFast had faster previous labors (median 5.5 h, IQR: 4.5-6) versus. control (10 h, IQR: 9-10.5; p delivery time from start to expulsion was shorter for PFast (median 7 h, IQR: 5-9, p < 0.001) than controls with and without a previous labor <5.5 h (8.6 h, IQR: 6-14 and 9.5 h, IQR: 7-15, respectively). PFast were less likely to have a serious maternal complication. Neonatal complications were similar. Patients induced for a history of fast labor do have faster previous labors, suggesting a significant history of fast labor can be defined as <5.5 h. These women deliver more quickly and with lower morbidity than controls when subsequently induced, therefore the benefit may warrant the risk for a select number of women with a history of a prior labor length <5.5 h.

  20. Neighborhood quality and labor market outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damm, Anna Piil

    2014-01-01

    Settlement in a socially deprived neighborhood may hamper individual labor market outcomes because of lack of employed or highly skilled contacts. I investigate this hypothesis by exploiting a unique natural experment that occurred between 1986 and 1998 when refugee immigrants to Denmark were...... assigned to municpalities quasi-randomly, which successfully addresses the methodological problem of endogenous neighborhood selection. I show that individuals sort intor neighborhoods. Taking account of location sorting, living in a socially deprived neighborhood does not affect labor market outcomes...... of refugee men. Their labor market outcomes are also not affected by the overall employment rate and the overall average skill level in the neighborhood. However, an increase in the average skill level of non-Western immigrant men living in the neighborhood raises their employment probability, while...

  1. Care during labor and birth: mothers’ perception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca Alanny Araújo Rocha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to describe the care provided to women during labor and delivery in their perception. Methods: study with qualitative approach, developed in a hospital in the northern region of the state of Ceará, with 14 mothers. The analysis explored the content in the light of good care practices during labor and birth, recommended by the National Humanization Policy. Results: the mothers’ speeches revealed the need to make the environment more welcoming and the care more humanized during childbirth, contemplating listening to their problems and their concerns; satisfaction with the use of non-pharmacological methods used for pain relief and with the care given during labor. Conclusion: it was revealed how much human involvement and the search for a qualified assistance to mothers in maternity wards have contributed significantly to the quality of these actions.

  2. Calcium levels during the initiation of labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papandreou, Lampros; Chasiotis, Georgios; Seferiadis, Konstantinos; Thanasoulias, Nikos C; Dousias, Vasilis; Tsanadis, Georgios; Stefos, Theodor

    2004-07-15

    To investigate the physiological role of calcium in the labor process. Eighty-eight term healthy pregnant women who gave birth to normal healthy neonates participated in our study. We compared calcium levels between pregnant women who had normal delivery and those who underwent scheduled cesarean section. The control group consisted of pregnant women with gestation > or =37 weeks without contractions. The groups were compared with respect to calcium levels: (a) in maternal blood serum; (b) in blood serum of the neonates and mothers; and (c) in blood serum between neonates. Significantly higher calcium levels were found in the group of pregnant women who delivered vaginally compared to those who delivered by scheduled cesarean section and those of the control group. We assume that the increased calcium levels during the first stage of labor are involved with a possible role of calcium in the mechanism of initiation of labor.

  3. Oxytocin and customization of assistance in labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Ragusa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Synthetic oxytocin (synOT is a commonly used drug in labor and it can be applied in all stages of labor. SynOT has been increasingly used over the years, and is currently one of the most common drugs employed in obstetrics. The goal of synOT administration is to cause the augmentation of labor; unfortunately, guidelines for the administration of this drug are often non-specific, although synOT is the drug most commonly associated with preventable adverse perinatal outcomes. Approximately half of all paid obstetric litigation claims in the United States involve allegations of injudicious use of oxytocin, and the association between oxytocin use, hyperstimulation, fetal distress and adverse neonatal outcome are well know. Furthermore, synOT and oxytocin have some extragenital effects that should be known by obstetricians. This review will present the viewpoint of the authors on this topic.

  4. Essays in Labor Economics and Political Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harmon, Nikolaj Arpe

    This dissertation consists of three chapters, each representing a self-contained research paper in labor economics and political economy. The first chapter studies the impact of immigration and ethnic diversity on political outcomes in immigrant-receiving countries, focusing on the case of immigr......This dissertation consists of three chapters, each representing a self-contained research paper in labor economics and political economy. The first chapter studies the impact of immigration and ethnic diversity on political outcomes in immigrant-receiving countries, focusing on the case...... only in the types of jobs that workers find. In line with this idea, the chapter uses a unique new data set from Denmark to document that workers in larger labor markets find jobs for which they are a better match as measured by both previous industry experience and geographical location. They also...

  5. Subempleo laboral en las industrias productivas de Nicaragua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Mendoza Tijerino

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se analiza el subempleo utilizando información de la última Encuesta Continua de Hogares 2010, publicada por el Instituto Nacional de Información del Desarrollo (INIDE de Nicaragua. Se busca identificar las industrias que presenten más problemas de subempleo, tomando en cuenta que los individuos que se encuentren subempleados son individuos que están inconformes e insatisfechos al momento de realizar las labores productivas. Se encuentra que, en relación a las demás industrias del país, la industria de la construcción es la que presenta mayores probabilidades de contar con empleados con deseos de trabajar más y no poder hacerlo.

  6. The Fair Labor Standards Act. Enforcement of Child Labor Provisions in Massachusetts. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    During 1987, investigations of 113 cases of alleged or suspected child labor violations at Massachusetts business establishments were conducted. Thirteen (38 percent) of these were randomly selected for review. Compliance officers in the Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division substantiated child labor violations in 9 of the 13 cases. A total…

  7. Efeitos adversos do sufentanil associado ao anestésico local pelas vias subaracnóidea e peridural em pacientes submetidas à analgesia de parto Efectos adversos del sufentanil asociado al anestésico local por las vías subaracnoidea y peridural en pacientes sometidas a la analgesia de parto Side effects of subarachnoid and epidural sufentanil associated with a local anesthetic in patients undergoing labor analgesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel C.F. Salem

    2007-04-01

    la duración del período de trabajo de parto después de la analgesia, al Apgar de los recién nacidos, a la existencia de hipotensión arterial, bradicardia, náusea, vómito, prurito y retención urinaria. La sedación fue más frecuente en las pacientes de G2, en M1 (50% con diferencia estadística significativa. CONCLUSIONES: El sufentanil en las dosis utilizadas, administrado por vía subaracnoidea o peridural, asociado a los anestésicos locales, determinó similitud en la duración del trabajo de parto después de la analgesia y en el Apgar de los recién nacidos. La sedación fue el efecto adverso más frecuente en las pacientes que recibieron el opioide por vía peridural.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The association of an opioid with a local anesthetic improves the quality of labor analgesia and reduces the risk of systemic toxicity of the local anesthetic. However, opioids are not devoid of side effects. The aim of this study was to compare the side effects of subarachnoid sufentanil associated with bupivacaine to those caused by epidural sufentanil associated with ropivacaine in the doses used in the Anesthesiology Department in pregnant women undergoing labor analgesia. METHODS: Sixty pregnant women, ASA physical status I and II, ages between 15 and 42 years, at term and with healthy fetuses, undergoing labor analgesia were enrolled in this study. They were randomly divided in two groups: G1 - combined spinal epidural anesthesia - 0.5% bupivacaine (2.5 mg and subarachnoid sufentanil (5 µg; G2 - Epidural Block - 0.2% ropivacaine (20 mg, and epidural sufentanil (10 µg. Complementary doses of 0.2% ropivacaine (12 mg were administered whenever necessary, and 1% ropivacaine (50 mg was administered for labor resolution. Patients were evaluated after analgesia (M1 regarding the presence of hypotension, maternal bradycardia, pruritus, nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, and sedation. They were also evaluated postoperatively (M2 regarding the presence of

  8. Reflexiones sobre la incapacidad y aptitud laboral. Nuevas sinergias entre medicina evaluadora y medicina laboral. Historia clínica laboral única: la incapacidad laboral, un continuo evolutivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Eloy Díaz Salazar

    Full Text Available Numerosos agentes intervienen en la gestión de la incapacidad laboral, tanto temporal como permanente, y se hace necesario una actuación sinérgica entre todos ellos; del mismo modo, se considera que existen posibles actuaciones o cambios que pueden ayudar a disminuir el gasto y duración de los procesos, y proceder a la reincorporación laboral lo antes posible y de la forma más beneficiosa para el paciente, y, por ende, para la sociedad.

  9. Labor development strategy in the bag industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Maya Nihayah

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to formulate strategies for improving the labor competencies in the bag industry in Kudus Regency. The data comprise business players, which will be analyzed using the Strength, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT analysis. The results reveal that the proper strategy for improving employment in the bag industry is growth and build strategy. Growth and development strategy are intensive actions undertaken through the development of labor competencies to improve the quality of output. It can be made with creating learning resources by designing methods and trainings refer to the Competency Based Training (CBT.

  10. Social Ties for Labor Market Access

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dorner, Matthias; Harhoff, Dietmar; Hinz, Tina;

    in the German labor market after reunification. Modeling inventor migration to West German regions after 1990, we find that Western regions with stronger historically determined social ties across the former East-West border attracted more inventors after the fall of the Iron Curtain than regions without...... such ties. However, mobility decisions made by inventors with outstanding patenting track records (star inventors) were not impacted by social ties. We conclude that social ties support labor market access for migrant inventors and determine regional choices while dependence on these ties is substantially...

  11. The onset of human labor: current theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navitsky; Greene; Curry

    2000-09-01

    Innovative research has led to marked improvement in medical knowledge. Advances in technology have allowed us to attain a clearer understanding of many physiologic processes. Despite these impressive gains in knowledge, the cause of the initiation of the process of human labor remains unclear. Potential factors include changes in hormonal levels of estrogen and progesterone, increased production of prostaglandins, and elevation of levels of corticotropin-releasing hormone, as well as increased sensitivity of the myometrium to endogenous oxytocin. It is most likely that interactions between these factors play an essential role in the process of labor, but the precise mechanism of onset still eludes us.

  12. Mythematics Solving the Twelve Labors of Hercules

    CERN Document Server

    Huber, Michael

    2009-01-01

    How might Hercules, the most famous of the Greek heroes, have used mathematics to complete his astonishing Twelve Labors? From conquering the Nemean Lion and cleaning out the Augean Stables, to capturing the Erymanthean Boar and entering the Underworld to defeat the three-headed dog Cerberus, Hercules and his legend are the inspiration for this book of fun and original math puzzles. While Hercules relied on superhuman strength to accomplish the Twelve Labors, Mythematics shows how math could have helped during his quest. How does Hercules defeat the Lernean Hydra and stop its heads from multip

  13. Unfunded pensions and endogenous labor supply

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Torben M.; Bhattacharya, Joydeep

    A classic result in dynamic public economics, dating back to Aaron (1966) and Samuelson (1975), states that there is no welfare rationale for PAYG pensions in a dynamically-efficient neoclassical economy with exogenous labor supply. This paper argues that this result, under the fairly-mild restri......A classic result in dynamic public economics, dating back to Aaron (1966) and Samuelson (1975), states that there is no welfare rationale for PAYG pensions in a dynamically-efficient neoclassical economy with exogenous labor supply. This paper argues that this result, under the fairly...

  14. El Síndrome de Fatiga Crónica: del modelo de susceptibilidad a la hipótesis de la cadena de estrés en el área laboral.

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Mansilla Izquierdo

    2003-01-01

    El modelo de susceptibilidad tiene en cuenta la combinación de algunos elementos: la susceptibilidad biológica, la susceptibilidad al mobbing, la susceptibilidad al burn-out, la susceptibilidad al estrés laboral, y los factores de protección como: apoyo social, autoconcepto positivo, locus de control interno, alta autoestima y sentimiento de autoeficacia. La hipótesis de la cadena de estrés en el área laboral considera que la persistencia del estrés laboral es acumulativa. El mobbing, el sínd...

  15. Labor analgesia: An update on the effect of epidural analgesia on labor outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samina Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Following the introduction of epidural for labor analgesia, debate has centered on the issue of its effect on outcome of labor; in terms of length of labor and increase in the rate of instrumental vaginal delivery and cesarean section (CS. There is no ideal study on the effect of epidural analgesia (EA on the outcome of labor due to logistic problems in randomization, blinding and getting a control group; as a result these queries are partly answered. Despite these problems, it has been established that labor epidural has minimal effect on progress of established labor and maternal request should be a sufficient indication to start an epidural. Although instrumental vaginal delivery is probably increased with epidural but obstetrician practice, pain free patient and teaching opportunity are likely factors increasing the incidence. Maternal-fetal factors and obstetric management and not the use of EA are the most important determinants of the CS rate. The purpose of this review is to summarize data from controlled trials addressing the question of whether neuraxial labor analgesia causes an increased risk of CS or rate of instrumental delivery. In addition, the review discusses whether the timing of initiation of analgesia infl uences the mode of delivery.

  16. PENENTU UPAH REGIONAL: TENAGA KERJA TERDIDIK (SKILLED LABOR DAN TIDAK TERDIDIK (UNSKILLED LABOR DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah Maya Nihayah

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The wage have impacts on poverty, living standards and the incentive to improve labor productivity (human capital, in particular, for economic growth. Regional decentralization has implications, which, they must be developed regional endowment to get the efficiency in production process. So it is interesting to examine the importance of regional characteristics in the observed variability of regional wage in Indonesia. Based on this idea, the objective of this study is to examine the contribution of regional characteristics to the regional wage differential in Indonesia. Data supplied by the Indonesian Central Bureau of Statistics during 2003 – 2007. In this study used 3 model; Ordinary Least Square (OLS, Co-Varian Model and Generalized Least Squared (GLS. Then, the most effective model based on the smallest standard error was chosen to estimate regional characteristics in the observed variability of regional wage inIndonesia. The result showed that the regional characteristics, particularly skilled or unskilled labor, play an important role in determining the wage differentials in region. The empirical evidence presented that regional economic growth and the existing of high skilled labor in labor market have positive impact toward spatial wage. Then, skilled labor and unskilled will give negative influence in regional wage. The points out is laboring existence with level education or skilled level, despite not works or was working have influence toward the regional wage. Therefore, labor's policy is expected gets focused on given specialization corresponds to that region characteristics.

  17. Estrés Laboral, consideraciones sobre sus características y formas de afrontamiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Rodríguez Gonzales

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo al abordar el estrés y en particular su vinculación con la problemática laboral, intenta además de presentar las experiencias y recopilaciones de información de los autores, brindar enfoque novedoso e integral de l mismo atendiendo a la presencia e importancia que gana en la modernidad. Se ofrecen además recomendaciones acerca de su enfrentamiento desde los planos personal y organizacional.

  18. Optimización de los factores que influyen en el clima laboral de una empresa

    OpenAIRE

    Tapia, Karla

    2011-01-01

    El presente trabajo de investigación aborda los factores que influyen en la optimización del clima laboral de una empresa. Su objetivo principal pretende detectar y definir los elementos fundamentales que una empresa debe desarrollar para aprovechar al máximo de todos sus recursos. Como un objetivo complementario se busca conceptualizar el talento humano determinado su influencia en la productividad y el alcance de los logros de una empresa. La estructura de la tesis tiene c...

  19. AL Amyloidosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Desport Estelle

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Definition of the disease AL amyloidosis results from extra-cellular deposition of fibril-forming monoclonal immunoglobulin (Ig light chains (LC (most commonly of lambda isotype usually secreted by a small plasma cell clone. Most patients have evidence of isolated monoclonal gammopathy or smoldering myeloma, and the occurrence of AL amyloidosis in patients with symptomatic multiple myeloma or other B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders is unusual. The key event in the development of AL amyloidosis is the change in the secondary or tertiary structure of an abnormal monoclonal LC, which results in instable conformation. This conformational change is responsible for abnormal folding of the LC, rich in β leaves, which assemble into monomers that stack together to form amyloid fibrils. Epidemiology AL amyloidosis is the most common type of systemic amyloidois in developed countries with an estimated incidence of 9 cases/million inhabitant/year. The average age of diagnosed patients is 65 years and less than 10% of patients are under 50. Clinical description The clinical presentation is protean, because of the wide number of tissues or organs that may be affected. The most common presenting symptoms are asthenia and dyspnoea, which are poorly specific and may account for delayed diagnosis. Renal manifestations are the most frequent, affecting two thirds of patients at presentation. They are characterized by heavy proteinuria, with nephrotic syndrome and impaired renal function in half of the patients. Heart involvement, which is present at diagnosis in more than 50% of patients, leading to restrictive cardiopathy, is the most serious complication and engages prognosis. Diagnostic methods The diagnosis relies on pathological examination of an involved site showing Congo red-positive amyloid deposits, with typical apple-green birefringence under polarized light, that stain positive with an anti-LC antibody by immunohistochemistry and

  20. O Partograma como instrumento de análise da assistência ao parto El partograma como instrumento de análisis de la asistencia al parto The partogram as an instrument to analyze care during labor and delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanilde Marques da Silva Rocha

    2009-12-01

    puede ser un instrumento orientador para la adopción de intervenciones en el trabajo de parto.Both the World Health Organization and the Brazilian Ministry of Health recommend using the partogram to follow labor. The objective of this study was to analyze the use of obstetrical interventions, the types of delivery, and perinatal outcomes according to zones I, II and III of the partogram. This cross-sectional study was performed with 233 low-risk pregnant women between December 2004 and March 2005 at a public maternity hospital located in the city of Itapecerica da Serra, in the state of São Paulo. Comparative analysis was performed using Chi-square and Fischer exact tests. The practices used in the different partogram zones with statistical significance of (p = 0.05 were: bath, movement and walking (zone-III; artificial rupture of the membranes (zone-II and oxytocin (zone-I. Caesarean sections were performed on 24% of women in zone-III. The interventions occurred at a timely moment, indicating that the partogram is an instrument that can be used as a guide when adopting interventions during labor.

  1. Teaching Labor Relations with "Norma Rae"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Vicki Fairbanks; Provitera, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduate business students in North America are often unfamiliar with the labor organizing process and frequently fail to identify with the reasons why workers join unions. This article suggests a discussion exercise based on the 1979 film, "Norma Rae," by 20th Century Fox, as an effective tool for familiarizing students with fundamental…

  2. Texas Migrant Labor. Annual Report 1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.

    The Texas farm labor pool is made up almost entirely of Mexican Americans; many of these are naturalized but the majority are native-born American citizens whose families and ethnic ties remain in and around the border. All of these field workers have, at some time, migrated to a job or in search of a job either interstate or within the boundaries…

  3. TEXAS MIGRANT LABOR, THE 1965 MIGRATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.

    THE CALENDAR YEAR 1965 WAS THE FIRST FULL YEAR IN WHICH NO BRACEROS WERE IMPORTED FROM MEXICO. CROP LOSSES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS OF THE COUNTRY DUE TO LABOR SHORTAGES, HOWEVER, GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS STATE THAT THESE SHORTAGES CAN BE AVOIDED IN THE FUTURE. THE MAJORITY OF TEXAS MIGRANTS LIVE IN SOUTH TEXAS AND APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT OF THEM ARE…

  4. STATUS OF THE CHILD LABOR IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hacer TOR

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes numerical data and sectoral distribution relating to child labor in Turkey. The information is taken the labor force research data collected by the Turkish Statistical Institute. Several attempts have been made to resolve the problems of child workers in Turkey. The first stage was the implementation of the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor (ILO/IPEC. After introduction of the program, many organizations started various activities directed towards children workers in Turkey. Since these initiatives were coordinated and complementary activities there were remarkable developments in the fight against problems of the child workers. The Turkish Statistical Institute examined the child labor force proportion by means of three separate statistical components and the results revealed that number of the child workers has a tendency to decrease. Despite some statistical research carried out in Turkey, the precise number of children that are working cannot be determined. Some of the leading factors can be listed as paucity of research carried out in this area, inaccurate official statistical data regarding the number of children who are working illegally, employed as unpaid family workers, working in the streets, working on the temporary or seasonal basis, and other related factors.

  5. Labor Law and Practice in Great Britain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douty, H.M.

    This 4-part report is one of a series prepared to provide background material for United States businessmen and others employing local workers abroad, trade union and labor specialists, consulting economists, and students. The data used were obtained from personnel in London's Departments of Employment, Health and Social Security, the Commission…

  6. A Positive Stigma for Child Labor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrinos, Harry Anthony; Shafiq, M. Najeeb

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a simple empirical model that assumes a positive stigma (or norm) towards child labor that is common in some developing countries. We then illustrate our positive stigma model using data from Guatemala. Controlling for several child- and household-level characteristics, we use two instruments for measuring stigma: a child's indigenous…

  7. Schools and the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce, Robert P.

    1986-01-01

    Traces the history of the Fair Labor Standards Act's applicability to public employees. Beginning in April 1986, schools must pay covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek time-and-a-half (in money or compensatory time off). Defines terms and lists recordkeeping requirements. (MLF)

  8. Corporate Social Responsibility and Labor Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Coe, Neil

    This article examines the circumstances under which CSR initiatives facilitate and/or constrain labor agency in GPNs. Using a case study of Nike’s CSR approach in the football manufacturing industry of Pakistan, we explore how the CSR measures advocated in a new, emerging policy paradigm on CSR...

  9. Temporal Autonomy in a Laboring Society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, R.J.G.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/269266224

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to discuss which stance towards the allocation of labor and leisure would be defensible from the perspective of modern liberal political theory. There is a long tradition in philosophy defending an ideal of leisure, but this tradition has been rightly criticized for being to

  10. 24 CFR 266.225 - Labor standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Program Requirements... exemption for volunteers. (c) Labor standards. Any contract, subcontract, or building loan agreement... clauses or wage determination in a contract or building loan agreement may require the HFA to fund...

  11. Globalization, industrialization, and labor markets in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørlund, Irene; Tran, *Angie Ngoc

    2015-01-01

    exports in 2013. Evidence shows that the ‘high road’ to industrialization model – with domestic linkages and skills upgrading – does not accompany growth in exports, as low-skilled assembly, mostly young female workers join the labor force with non-liveable wages and substandard working conditions...

  12. Labor Market Effects of Unemployment Insurance Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tatsiramos, K.; van Ours, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: With the emergence of the Great Recession unemployment insurance (UI) is once again at the heart of the policy debate. In this paper, we review the recent theoretical and empirical evidence on the labor market effects of UI design. We also discuss policy issues related to UI design, includ

  13. On Durkheim's Explanation of Division of Labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rueschemeyer, Dietrich

    1982-01-01

    In De la Division du Travail Social, Durkheim's causal explanation for secular increases in the division of labor and the differentiation of social structure is flawed. His metatheoretical concerns expressed in the critique of utilitarian social theory flawed his contributions to a causal explanation of social differentiation. (Author/AM)

  14. Neighborhood Quality and Labor Market Outcomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damm, Anna Piil

    neighborhood may, therefore, hamper individual labor market outcomes because of lack of employed contacts. I investigate this hypothesis by exploiting a unique natural experiment that occurred between 1986 and 1998 when refugee immigrants to Denmark were assigned to municipalities quasirandomly, which...... and that a high quality of contacts increases the individual’s employment chances and annual earnings....

  15. Trends in the Educator Labor Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baugh, William H.; Stone, Joe A.

    Changes in the labor market in the last 20 years are evaluated in order to examine the impact of teacher unionization, the extent of teacher mobility and responsiveness to wage differentials, and the projected demand for teachers from 1980 to 2000. Using cross-section wage regressions and wage change regressions, the study shows that the…

  16. Targeted Business Incentives and Local Labor Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freedman, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses a regression discontinuity design to examine the effects of geographically targeted business incentives on local labor markets. Unlike elsewhere in the United States, enterprise zone (EZ) designations in Texas are determined in part by a cutoff rule based on census block group poverty rates. Exploiting this discontinuity as a…

  17. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive…

  18. Female labor supply and housing decisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aldershof, T.

    1999-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is on the labor supply decisions of married and cohabiting women in relation to the housing tenure choice decision. The main motivation for a joint analysis has been the relaxation of the mortgage qualification constraint. Since 1992 households can take out a mortgage on the

  19. 77 FR 55103 - Labor Day, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... middle class the world has ever known. It is the fundamental right of every American to have a voice on.... When we uphold these basic principles, our middle class grows and everybody prospers. Our Nation faces... women; they had to be won. Brick by brick, America's labor unions helped raise the landmarks of middle...

  20. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive capitalism…

  1. The Labor Market for College Graduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmstrom, Engin Inel, Ed.

    1975-01-01

    During the spring of 1974 a series of seminars on student aid programs and student access were held in connection with the congressional hearings on Title IV of the Higher Education Act. The final seminar in the series focused on the labor market predictions and conditions facing college graduates. The presentations reported on four major areas;…

  2. Labor migration and child mortality in Mozambique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yabiku, Scott T.; Agadjanian, Victor; Cau, Boaventura

    2013-01-01

    Male labor migration is widespread in many parts of the world, yet its consequences for child outcomes and especially childhood mortality remain unclear. Male labor migration could bring benefits, in the form of remittances, to the families that remain behind and thus help child survival. Alternatively, the absence of a male adult could imperil the household's well-being and its ability to care for its members, increasing child mortality risks. In this analysis, we use longitudinal survey data from Mozambique collected in 2006 and 2009 to examine the association between male labor migration and under-five mortality in families that remain behind. Using a simple migrant/non-migrant dichotomy, we find no difference in mortality rates across migrant and non-migrant men's children. When we separated successful from unsuccessful migration based on the wife's perception, however, stark contrasts emerge: children of successful migrants have the lowest mortality, followed by children of non-migrant men, followed by the children of unsuccessful migrants. Our results illustrate the need to account for the diversity of men's labor migration experience in examining the effects of migration on left-behind households. PMID:23121856

  3. Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring during Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the process of checking the condition of your baby during labor and delivery by monitoring his or her heart rate with ... health care provider may decide to deliver the baby right away. In this case, the delivery of the baby is more likely to be ...

  4. Slave Labor Camps of the Third Reich.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Adolf

    1983-01-01

    Describes the ground rules used by Nazi architects in choosing the sites for slave labor camps. While some, like Auschwitz, became extermination camps, others also produced armaments. One camp, Theresienstadt, became a "model" camp to show to reporters and Red Cross representatives. (CS)

  5. 75 FR 5003 - Unfair Labor Practice Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-01

    ... regulations regarding unfair labor practice (ULP) proceedings (Part 2423, subpart A). In keeping with the... establish the OGC's leadership role in providing guidance on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) techniques... objectives of EO 13522. With renewed attention to customer service, the OGC will use its expertise to...

  6. Hi-Tech to Replace Labor?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    It’s an open secret that China’s economic structure is drawing fire. Local and foreign economists are agreed in thinking that China’s labor-intensive economy cannot maintain the current momentum in development in the long term. Hua Min, Dean of the Insti

  7. Labor market effects of unemployment insurance design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tatsiramos, K.; van Ours, J.C.

    2014-01-01

    With the emergence of the Great Recession unemployment insurance (UI) is once again at the heart of the policy debate. In this paper, we review the recent theoretical and empirical evidence on the labor market effects of UI design. We also discuss policy issues related to UI design, including the st

  8. Labor Mobilization Project (1981). Extended Period. Addendum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-30

    government agencies in emergency mangement . 2. To contact 10 or 11 selected AFL-CIO central labor councils in a sample of counties including rural counties in...sandbagging the Cascadian Hotel , as water two to three feet deep poured across the avenue". ൒% of the phones were out". "The downtown area was without

  9. Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A., Ed.; Bulut, Ergin, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive capitalism--sometimes referred to as "third capitalism," after mercantilism and industrial capitalism--is an increasingly significant theory, given its focus on the socio-economic changes caused by Internet and Web 2.0 technologies that have transformed the mode of production and the nature of labor. The theory of cognitive…

  10. Interpersonal Styles and Labor Market Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borghans, Lex; Weel, Bas ter; Weinberg, Bruce A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper develops a framework of the role of interpersonal interactions in the labor market. Effective interpersonal interactions involve caring and directness. The ability to perform these tasks varies with personality and the importance of these tasks varies across jobs. An assignment model shows that people are most productive in jobs that…

  11. Labor Laws Affecting Private Household Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Women's Bureau (DOL), Washington, DC.

    Wages and working conditions for private household workers have not kept pace with other occupations, partly because of lack of coverage by labor laws. This pamphlet describes the protection available to domestics under both federal and state laws. Not only wages and hours, but also coverage by Unemployment Compensation, Workmen's Compensation,…

  12. Roundtable discussion : Early labor : What's the problem?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, P.; Nolan, M.L.; Spiby, H.; Green, J.; Gross, M.M.; Cheyne, H.; Hundley, V.; Rijnders, M.; Jonge, A.de; Buitendijk, S.

    2009-01-01

    PREFACE: In places where hospital birth is the norm, one of the major contemporary challenges to the organization of intrapartum care is posed by women who are not in established labor. In the United Kingdom, these women have been given a special name, "Category X," and they can account for a substa

  13. 24 CFR 1003.603 - Labor standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANTS FOR INDIAN TRIBES AND ALASKA NATIVE VILLAGES Other Program Requirements... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Labor standards. 1003.603 Section...

  14. Labor tax reform, unemployment, and search

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heijdra, Ben J.; Ligthart, Jenny E.

    2009-01-01

    A key obstacle to reducing payroll taxes in many industrialized and transition countries is the direct revenue loss to the government that it implies. This paper studies a simple and practical labor tax reform of reducing a payroll tax and increasing a progressive wage tax that keeps the marginal ta

  15. Sex Discrimination and Women's Labor Market Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumark, David; McLennan, Michele

    1995-01-01

    Using self-reported sex discrimination data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women, a study found that working women who report discrimination are more likely to change employers or interrupt their labor force participation. However, women who report discrimination do not accrue less experience or have lower wage growth. (SK)

  16. Brazil : Eradicating Child Labor in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2001-01-01

    The report reviews evidence of child labor in Brazil, and the Government's efforts to eradicate its worst forms, by examining background assessments of ongoing programs for its prevention. It seeks to identify promising strategies, addressing the needs of highly vulnerable children in urban areas, engaged in activities such as drug commerce, prostitution, or other dangerous activities. One...

  17. New Evidence on Teacher Labor Supply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Mimi; Jacob, Brian A.; Curran, F. Chris

    2014-01-01

    Recent evidence on the large variance in teacher effectiveness has spurred interest in teacher labor markets. Research documents that better qualified teachers typically work in more advantaged schools but cannot determine the relative importance of supply versus demand. To isolate teacher preferences, we document which schools prospective…

  18. Proposed Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-24

    Stern and Rachel Van Dongen, Christian Science Monitor, June 17, 2003. and the Escuela Nacional Sindical (ENS) or National Labor School, a non...of death threats between 2003 and 2007, when murders were lower. Source: Escuela Nacional Sindical (ENS, 2008) Impunity The second main issue of

  19. Teaching Labor Relations with "Norma Rae"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Vicki Fairbanks; Provitera, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduate business students in North America are often unfamiliar with the labor organizing process and frequently fail to identify with the reasons why workers join unions. This article suggests a discussion exercise based on the 1979 film, "Norma Rae," by 20th Century Fox, as an effective tool for familiarizing students with fundamental…

  20. Incapacidad y aptitud laboral. Nuevas sinergias entre medicina evaluadora y medicina laboral. Historia clínica laboral única: la capacidad laboral, un continuo evolutivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando García Benavides

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En España coexisten dos sistemas públicos de salud: el universal, gestionado por las comunidades autónomas y financiado con impuestos, y el laboral, gestionado por las Mutuas y financiado por cuotas a la Seguridad Social, los cuales se reparten la responsabilidad de gestión de la incapacidad laboral. Esta doble dependencia dificulta la gestión de esta importante prestación sanitaria y social. Una gestión que es diferente en función de la etiología (común o profesional y su pronóstico (temporal o permanente. Para poder comprender mejor la naturaleza de la incapacidad laboral, y que su investigación sea útil para mejorar su gestión médica y social, conviene adoptar una perspectiva longitudinal (life course research, analizando trayectorias de incapacidad en los individuos, y no solo episodios aislados. Una trayectoria de incapacidad que debemos analizar junto a la trayectoria laboral de esa misma persona. Para analizar conjuntamente las trayectorias laboral y de incapacidad disponemos de la Muestra Continua de Vidas Laborales de la Seguridad Social desde 2004. Una muestra de 873.008 afiliados (un 4%, aproximadamente en 2009 entre los que se produjeron 163.136 episodios de incapacidad temporal (IT iniciados en 2009, las cuales evolucionaron entre 2009 y 2012 a 4.738 casos de incapacidad permanente (IP. Un 2,9% en total, que fue del 12,6% en caso de tumores malignos (282 IP de 2.234 IT y del 9,2% en el caso de enfermedades cardiovasculares (344 IP de 3.532 IT. En un contexto de incremento de la esperanza de vida y la prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas (vivimos más pero con más incapacidad necesitamos analizar longitudinalmente las trayectorias de incapacidad para poder prevenir los años de vida laboral perdidos por IP, los cuales, como sabemos, están relacionados con la trayectoria laboral (1.

  1. 29 CFR 101.2 - Initiation of unfair labor practice cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. 101.2 Section 101.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD STATEMENTS OF PROCEDURES... Initiation of unfair labor practice cases. The investigation of an alleged violation of the National Labor...

  2. Estrés alimentario y salud laboral vs. estrés laboral y alimentación equilibrada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Díaz Franco

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Si bien el estrés laboral es una realidad experimentada cada jornada por muchos trabajadores, debemos reconocer que algunas profesiones y actividades laborales generan más estrés (distrés que otras: así, los trabajos de dirección, nocturnos, monótonos, de servicios comunitarios, de industria pesada y minería, de construcción, etc. La mayor acumulación de estrés laboral puede alterar los patrones de conducta de quienes lo sufren. De manera muy especial, los hábitos alimentarios y las conductas asociadas a ellos pueden verse seriamente afectados por el estrés laboral (ingestas inadecuadas o extemporáneas, o pueden, "sensu contrario", ser desencadenantes de formas de estrés originadas por alteraciones o desórdenes dietéticos. Por eso no extraña que el aparato digestivo se convierta en órgano diana de patologías asociadas al estrés propio de ambientes y ritmos laborales insanos y vitandos. El estrés laboral puede alterar el apetito y el hambre y, como consecuencia, la correcta conducta alimentaria y la nutrición que, inexorable e involuntariamente, sigue a ésta. En determinadas circunstancias, hay disociación entre el apetito (sensación primariamente psíquica y el hambre (sensación básicamente orgánica. Y es que el apetito, como estado mental, puede verse modificado por diferentes situaciones emocionales (muy frecuentemente, por el estrés laboral, o a través de variaciones químicas y vasculares y de impulsos transmitidos al mesencéfalo desde diversos órganos, donde el estrés podría desempeñar también un papel relevante. La nutrición depende esencialmente de la alimentación; pero, a su vez, una fuente importante de estrés la constituye la forma en que nos alimentamos, porque si lo hacemos erróneamente podemos contraer enfermedades. Si nuestras células no reciben los aportes nutritivos adecuados, se produce una gran carga de estrés debida a esta demanda interna insatisfecha.Although occupational stress is a

  3. Labor Dystocia: Uses of Related Nomenclature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Jeremy L; Ryan, Sharon L; Lowe, Nancy K; Schorn, Mavis N; Buxton, Margaret; Holley, Sharon L; Wilson-Liverman, Angela M

    2015-01-01

    Labor dystocia (slow or difficult labor or birth) is the most commonly diagnosed aberration of labor and the most frequently documented indication for primary cesarean birth. Yet, dystocia remains a poorly specified diagnostic category, with determinations often varying widely among clinicians. The primary aims of this review are to 1) summarize definitions of active labor and dystocia, as put forth by leading professional obstetric and midwifery organizations in world regions wherein English is the majority language and 2) describe the use of dystocia and related terms in contemporary research studies. Major national midwifery and obstetric organizations from qualifying United Nations-member sovereign nations and international organizations were searched to identify guidelines providing definitions of active labor and dystocia or related terms. Research studies (2000-2013) were systematically identified via PubMed, MEDLINE, and CINAHL searches to describe the use of dystocia and related terms in contemporary scientific publications. Only 6 organizational guidelines defined dystocia or related terms. Few research teams (n = 25 publications) defined dystocia-related terms with nonambiguous clinical parameters that can be applied prospectively. There is heterogeneity in the nomenclature used to describe dystocia, and when a similar term is shared between guidelines or research publications, the underlying definition of that term is sometimes inconsistent between documents. Failure to define dystocia in evidence-based, well-described, clinically meaningful terms that are widely acceptable to and reproducible among clinicians and researchers is concerning at both national and global levels. This failure is particularly problematic in light of the major contribution of this diagnosis to primary cesarean birth rates. © 2015 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.

  4. EL CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL Y SU RELACIÓN CON LA SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL EN DOCENTES DE LA INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA PRIMARIA EMBLEMÁTICA N° 70010 GRAN UNIDAD ESCOLAR SAN CARLOS DE LA CIUDAD DE PUNO, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    INGA FLORES, WALTER LEONCIO

    2016-01-01

    CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL COMUNICACIÓN MOTIVACIÓN CONFIANZA PARTICIPACIÓN SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL INDICADORES EN RELACIÓN A LA SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL DISEÑO DEL TRABAJO CONDICIONES DE VIDA ASOCIADAS AL TRABAJO REALIZACIÓN PERSONAL PROMOCIÓN Y SUPERIORES SALARIOS ANTECEDENTES INVESTIGATIVOS RESULTADOS

  5. EL CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL Y SU RELACIÓN CON LA SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL EN DOCENTES DE LA INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA PRIMARIA EMBLEMÁTICA N° 70010 GRAN UNIDAD ESCOLAR SAN CARLOS DE LA CIUDAD DE PUNO, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    INGA FLORES, WALTER LEONCIO

    2016-01-01

    CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL CARACTERÍSTICAS DEL CLIMA ORGANIZACIONAL COMUNICACIÓN MOTIVACIÓN CONFIANZA PARTICIPACIÓN SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL INDICADORES EN RELACIÓN A LA SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL DISEÑO DEL TRABAJO CONDICIONES DE VIDA ASOCIADAS AL TRABAJO REALIZACIÓN PERSONAL PROMOCIÓN Y SUPERIORES SALARIOS ANTECEDENTES INVESTIGATIVOS RESULTADOS

  6. 77 FR 194 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts for Commercial Items

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... material; (4) Clarify contract types; (5) Potential for rule to limit the use of T&M contracts; (6...) The ordering activity shall specify the order type (i.e., firm-fixed price, time- and-materials, or... RIN 9000-AL74 Federal Acquisition Regulation; Time-and-Materials and Labor-Hour Contracts...

  7. Labor and Pregnancy Outcomes After Adoption of a More Conservative Oxytocin Labor Protocol

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lewis, Lauren S; Pan, Ho-Yu; Heine, R Phillip; Brown, Haywood L; Brancazio, Leo R; Grotegut, Chad A

    2014-01-01

    ... changes, and adjusting infusion rates to uterine response. Our objective was to determine if implementation of this oxytocin labor protocol affected cesarean delivery rates and maternal and neonatal outcomes...

  8. Acoso laboral - daño psíquico Laboral abuse - psychological damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osvaldo Varela

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El escrito se enmarca en el proyecto UBACyT P433 El acoso laboral en la administración pública. Aportes de la psicología jurídica, de la Programación Científica 2008-2010, bajo la dirección del Profesor Osvaldo Varela. La temática abordaba en la actualidad constituye un área científica de vacancia a pesar de la importancia que día a día adquiere en el ámbito laboral y judicial. En esta ocasión se trabajará en la relación y articulación entre la noción de acoso laboral y la de daño psíquico, estimando que el acoso laboral provocaría en las personas que lo padecen un daño psíquico.This document is inserted in the UBACyT P433 project: The laboral abuse in the public administration. Juridic - psychology contribution, of 2008-2010 scientific program, under Professor Osvaldo Varela direction. The thematic approached in present days establish a scientific area of vacancy in front of the day by day importance in the laboral and judicial ambit. In this occasion the work will be done in the relation and articulation between the laboral abuse notion and the psychological damage, estimating that the laboral abuse will provoke in people that suffer it a psychological damage.

  9. La acción laboral en el nuevo régimen de comunidad laboral

    OpenAIRE

    Blancas, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    La nueva legislación sobre Comunidades Laborales materializada en los Decretos Leyes 21789, de Comunidad Industrial, 22329, de Comunidad Pesquera, y 22333, de Comunidad Minera, ha reemplazado el mecanismo de participación de la Comunidad Laboral en la propiedad del capital social de la empresa, por la participación individual de los trabajadores en el patrimonio social, mediante la figura, creada por dicha legislación, de la Acción Laboral.

  10. Bloqueio combinado para analgesia de parto: a adição de sufentanil ao anestésico local influencia o apgar dos recém-nascidos? Bloqueo combinado para analgesia de parto: ¿la adición de sufentanil al anestésico local influye en el apgar de los reciÿn nacidos? Combined spinal-epidural for labor analgesia: does the addition of sufentanil to the local anesthetic influence apgar scores of the newborns?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingos Dias Cicarelli

    2007-06-01

    Universidade de São Paulo (USP y evaluar si la utilización de sufentanil asociado al anestésico local en el BC altera el Apgar de los recién nacidos. MÉTODO: Se analizaron las fichas de anestesia en que se realizaron BC para la analgesia de parto durante 12 meses en el Hospital Universitario de la USP. Se registraron el uso y la dosis de sufentanil, la vía de parto utilizada y las puntuaciones de Apgar del 1°, 5° y 10° minutos de los recién nacidos. RESULTADOS: De los 635 BC evaluados, 307 utilizaron sufentanil y anestésico local (Grupo SUF y 328, solo anestésico local (Grupo AL. Ciento veinte y siete (20% fueron realizados a través de la técnica de aguja por dentro de aguja y los otros 508 (80% realizados por la técnica dos punciones. No se verificó diferencia entre el Apgar de los grupos estudiados en el 1°, 5° y 10° minutos. CONCLUSIONES: El sufentanil utilizado en el bloqueo combinado no alteró el Apgar de los recién nacidos.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Combined spinal-epidural (CSE is a very common obstetric technique. However, the literature does not present a standardization regarding the technique, doses, and anesthetics used, besides there is also the controversy about the possibility that the addition of opioids to the local anesthetic causes fetal bradycardia and affects its vitality. The aim of this study was to identify the techniques and anesthetics used in the Anesthesiology Service of the Hospital Universitário of Universidade de São Paulo (USP and determine whether the use of sufentanil associated with the local anesthetic affects Apgar scores of newborns. METHODS: The anesthesiology charts of patients submitted to CSE for labor analgesia over a 12-month period at the Hospital Universitário of USP were analyzed. The use and dose of sufentanil, the type of delivery, and Apgar scores in the 1st, 5th, and 10th minutes were recorded. RESULTS: Of the 635 CSE analyzed, 307 used sufentanil and local anesthetic (SUF Group and 328 only local

  11. Transcriptomic profiling of human choriodecidua during term labor: inflammation as a key driver of labor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephen, Gillian L; Lui, Sylvia; Hamilton, Sarah A; Tower, Clare L; Harris, Lynda K; Stevens, Adam; Jones, Rebecca L

    2015-01-01

    Inflammation is a driver of labor in myometrium and cervix; however, the involvement of decidua is poorly defined. We have reported decidual leukocyte infiltration prior to and during labor; the regulators of these inflammatory processes are unknown. Choriodecidua RNA obtained after term labor or elective cesarean delivery was applied to Affymetrix GeneChips. Pathway analysis and gene validation were performed. Extensive inflammatory activation was identified in choriodecidua following labor, predominantly upregulation of genes regulating leukocyte trafficking and cytokine signalling. Genes governing cell fate, tissue remodelling, and translation were also altered. Upregulation of candidate genes (ICAM1, CXCR4, CD44, TLR4, SOCS3, BCL2A, and IDO) was confirmed. NFκB, STAT1&3, HMGB1, and miRNA-21, miRNA-46, miRNA-141, and miRNA-200 were predicted upstream regulators. This study confirms inflammatory processes are major players in labor events in choriodecidua, as in other gestational tissues. Suppressing uterine inflammation is likely to be critical for arresting premature labor. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Regulation of youth labor market in the Samarkand region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirojitdin Kurbanov

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers role of youth in labor force formation in Samarqand region of Uzbekistan. Theessential youth factor within the labor resources makes necessary discretionary employment policy.

  13. Electrohysterography of labor contractions: propagation velocity and direction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mikkelsen, E.; Johansen, P.; Fuglsang-Frederiksen, A.; Uldbjerg, N.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Electrohysterographic assessment of the propagation velocity of uterine depolarization has been introduced as a promising predictor of preterm labor. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to characterize the uterine electrohysterographic signals during labor and to determine the pr

  14. Child Labor in Pakistan: A Study of the Lahore Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mian Aftab

    1991-01-01

    Child labor is exceptionally extensive in Pakistan. An interview survey in the Lahore area documented the magnitude, causes, and effects of child labor. Steps for fighting this problem are recommended. (BC)

  15. Child Labor in Pakistan: A Study of the Lahore Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, Mian Aftab

    1991-01-01

    Child labor is exceptionally extensive in Pakistan. An interview survey in the Lahore area documented the magnitude, causes, and effects of child labor. Steps for fighting this problem are recommended. (BC)

  16. How Large Is China’s Rural Surplus Labor Force?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓河; 马建蕾

    2008-01-01

    The existence of surplus labor in the countryside and transfer of agricultural labor to non-agricultural sectors is a common phenomenon in economic development.Supply of rural surplus labor will change with the transfer of labor.By calculating the di erence between the agricultural labor force and current demand of laborin agriculture,this paper seeks to estimate the total amount of China’s rural surplus labor as identified by age,gender and education.Results indicate that there areroughly 110 million rural surplus laborers,of which 50%are aged above 40 years old,55.37%are women,and 42.96%have received an education below primaryschool.Currently,China’s rural surplus labor supply falls short of non-agricultural industry demand.

  17. Labor productivity, perceived effectiveness, and sustainability of innovative projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Makai, P.; Cramm, J.M.; Grotel, M. van; Nieboer, A.P.

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess labor productivity, perceived effectiveness, and sustainability of a national quality program that sought to stimulate efficiency gains through increased labor productivity while maintaining quality through implementing small-scale innovation projects. DESIGN: Longitudinal measu

  18. BENEFÍCIOS DE UM PROGRAMA DE ATIVIDADE FÍSICA LABORAL EM FUNCIONÁRIAS QUE DESEMPENHAM A SUA ATIVIDADE LABORAL SENTADAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Ferreira

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available O avanço da tecnologia, associado ao sedentarismo, tem limitado os movimentos corporais do ser humano, sendo considerado um dos graves problemas societais da atualidade (Hill et al., 2012. Num âmbito laboral, onde a posição sentada é predominante e mantida por longos períodos de tempo, as repercussões ao nível da saúde por problemas posturais são evidentes. De facto, a adoção de uma postura inadequada acresce a pressão nos discos intervertebrais, acarretando o surgimento de problemas físicos (e.g. lesões músculo-esqueléticas, de fadiga e sintomas de desconforto.No sentido de prevenir os problemas anteriormente descritos e de promover aos funcionários um tempo de descontração, surgem os programas de Atividade Física Laboral: aulas que consistem em exercícios físicos, alongamentos, exercícios de relaxamento e de flexibilidade, no ambiente de trabalho, e durante o horário laboral. Estes programas são sustentados por investigações recentes que têm demostrando inúmeras vantagens na sua adoção (To et al., 2013. De facto, programas que visem a correção da postura corporal e a redução do stress induzido por movimentos repetitivos, têm sustentado a sua aplicação em diferentes empresas. No entanto, a nível nacional ainda existe alguma relutância na sua adoção como prática comum no Mercado Laboral.Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar possíveis benefícios induzidos por um programa de Atividade Física Laboral, em funcionárias de uma Instituição de Ensino Superior, cuja atividade laboral consiste em 40h por semana numa posição sentada.

  19. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks. Department of Labor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    of child labor laws . WHD does not know the true extent of violations involving children Page 24 GAO-01-251 Labor Challenges Major Performance and...that workplace violations occur, WHD does not know the number of children involved in other types of labor law violations, such as housing and...working in agriculture without employers having proof of age and the number of minimum wage and other labor law violations involving individuals

  20. Is Germany the North Star of Labor Market Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Rinne, Ulf; Zimmermann, Klaus F.

    2013-01-01

    Germany's recovery from an unemployment disease and its resilience to the Great Recession is remarkable. Its success story makes it a showcase for labor policy and labor market reforms. This paper assesses the potential of the German experience as a model for effective, evidence-based policymaking. Flexible management of working time (through overtime and short-time work, time accounts and labor hoarding), social cohesion and controlled unit labor costs, combined with a rigid, incentive-orien...