WorldWideScience

Sample records for ako chladiacich medii

  1. 7. juunil kaitses Tallinna Ülikoolis oma doktoritööd Ako Sauga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Ako Sauga doktoritöö teema oli "Influence of environmental fluctuations on dynamics of non-linear systems" (pealkiri eesti keeles : "Keskkonnaparameetrite fluktuatsioonide mõju mittelineaarsete süsteemide dünaamikale")

  2. A Far-Ultraviolet Survey of 47 Tucanae.II The Long-Period Cataclysmic Variable AKO 9

    CERN Document Server

    Knigge, C; Shara, M M; Long, K S; Gilliland, R L; Knigge, Christian; Zurek, David. R.; Shara, Michael M.; Long, Knox S.; Gilliland, Ronald L.

    2003-01-01

    We present time-resolved, far-ultraviolet (FUV) spectroscopy and photometry of the 1.1 day eclipsing binary system AKO 9 in the globular cluster 47 Tucanae. AKO 9's FUV spectrum is blue and exhibits prominent C IV and He II emission lines. The spectrum broadly resembles that of long-period, cataclysmic variables in the galactic field. Combining our time-resolved FUV data with archival optical photometry of 47 Tuc, we refine AKO 9's orbital period and define an accurate ephemeris for the system. We also place constraints on several other system parameters, using a variety of observational constraints. We find that all of the empirical evidence is consistent with AKO 9 being a long-period dwarf nova in which mass transfer is driven by the nuclear expansion of a sub-giant donor star. We therefore conclude that AKO 9 is the first spectroscopically confirmed cataclysmic variable in 47 Tuc. We also briefly consider AKO 9's likely formation and ultimate evolution. Regarding the former, we find that the system was al...

  3. Corpus Philosophorum Danicorum Medii Aevi XIV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Udgave af filosofiske tekster fra 1270erne. Boethius de Dacias kvæstioner til Aristoteles' "Om sjælen", og en anonym forfatter, der delvis er afhængig af Boethius, til Metafysikken.......Udgave af filosofiske tekster fra 1270erne. Boethius de Dacias kvæstioner til Aristoteles' "Om sjælen", og en anonym forfatter, der delvis er afhængig af Boethius, til Metafysikken....

  4. Ako klamať pomocou štatistiky

    OpenAIRE

    Štefan, Pavol

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the misleading in statistical research and its incorrect presentation. It concentrates on presentation of statistical research, what is the most common source of misunderstanding of statistical results by public and by professionals. The basic factors, which influence the statistical research, is described within theoretical part of this paper. The particular examples, which demonstrates incorrect statistical approach and misleading presentation of statistical research, i...

  5. Franchising ako možná forma podnikania

    OpenAIRE

    Kováčová, Katarína

    2013-01-01

    The Master Thesis describes franchising as a possible form of doing business and its application into reality. The goal is to sum up all the theoretical knowledge and to analyse the czech legislation that is related to franchise agreement. The theoretical part describes the overall character of franchising and a way of founding the franchise company. It also outlines the strenghts and weaknesses of franchising concerning both parties of this relationship. The practical part introduces a way h...

  6. De nonnullis vocibus in lexico latinitatis medii aevi iugoslaviae (a - p

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Grošelj

    1975-11-01

    Full Text Available De prioribus vocibus vide haec Acta X (1970 85 ss. huma?-lege: humanum.- Textus legendus est: »quam primum te­ nera adolevit aetas et humanum, ita ut fit, pectus subierunt curae.« luterco? - lege: integra. - Textus in hanc correcturam quadrat: »... solvendo quartum de integro comuni singulis tribus mensibus.« marria?- intellege officium mari (q. v., »praefecti loci in quo pisces capiuntur«, nam et textus sub v. marria citatus »marriam unam pisca­ riarum» memorat.

  7. CBMA [Chartae Burgundiae Medii Aevi] – V. Actes cisterciens et prémontrés

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Magnani et Marie-José Gasse-Grandjean

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available C’est à l’aune de la double ambition du programme des CBMA – le libre accès à une masse de documents numérisés propre à modifier nos méthodes de recherche et le regroupement de chercheurs intéressés à ce nouveau développement – que sa cinquième journée d’études s’est déroulée. L’enrichissement du portail documentaire, les évolutions techniques et le web semantic ont constitué le premier volet des travaux, suivis des études sur la documentation comptable et diplomatique bourguignonne médiévale...

  8. Internet ako prostriedok komunikácie a propagácie firiem

    OpenAIRE

    Vongrejová, Alena

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the bachelor thesis was the practical ability to use emphirical datas about web page design and their application on chosen company. The thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter explains the concept of the internet communication and analyzes all its parts in detail. The second section deals with the evolution of the internet communication and the history of the Internet till the present days. The second chapter sums all the obtained information and technologies used...

  9. KOGNITÍVNE SKRESLENIA AKO SÚČASŤ SPRISAHANECKÝCH TEÓRIÍ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imrich Ruisel

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The beginnings of modern Greek philosophy have already indicated that man is not a reliable information processor, because he is unable to completely encompass the real world at a cognitive level. Thus, already Plato distinguished between the knowledge of the real true belief (epistémé and opinion (doxa. F. Bacon assumed that human senses are not the measure of reality. Psychologists A. Tversky and D. Kahneman pointed out that people do not follow rational arguments and set rules in their judgments. Rather, they use heuristics, which are simplified judgment rules that enable quick judgments, often biased by individual’s subjective beliefs. These wrong conclusions induce false ideas or fallacies. There are deductive and inductive fallacies. We contemplate the ratio of cognitive fallacies in forming and existence of conspiracy theories. Deliberate use of fallacies and biases is characteristic of the use of conspiracy theories in propaganda. Wrong judgments are made due to wrong understanding of coincidental events, insufficient processing of the laws of statistical regression and the tendency to search for confirmation. Preferred are verbal techniques in the form of naive and ritualized terms and statements based on unidentifiable fallacies.

  10. Guerilla marketing ako nový trend v marketingovej komunikácii

    OpenAIRE

    Baraniaková, Júlia

    2010-01-01

    The goal of the bachelor thesis is to theoretically define guerrilla marketing as one of the new trends in marketing communication and to point out its advantages and disadvantages compared to traditional marketing communication. Moreover, the aim is to show its practical use on a company active on the Czech market (Nike CR) by individually interviewing its current marketing manager for CR and SR who explains the company's strategy in the field of guerilla marketing. Finally, the goal is to e...

  11. MODELUL PROIECTĂRII TRASEELOR INDIVIDUALE DE ÎNVĂŢARE ALE STUDENŢILOR ÎN MEDII DIGITALE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghenadie CABAC

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Abordarea individuală a instruirii, deşi permite a adapta procesul de formare la particularităţile individuale ale stu­denţilor, rămâne o abordare centrată pe profesor, iar calea după care studenţii parcurg o disciplină universitară (traseul de învăţare este una şi aceeaşi. Pentru a implica plenar studenţii în activitatea de învăţare, didactica modernă propune individualizarea instruirii prin construirea de către student a propriului program de formare. În lucrare este descris modelul proiectării traseelor individuale de învăţare ca activitate comună a cadrului didactic şi a studentului.MODEL DESIGN OF INDIVIDUAL LEARNING PATHWAY STUDENTS IN DIGITAL MEDIAAlthough individual approach to training allows to adapt the teaching process to students’ individual character­ristics, it remains a teacher-centered approach, but the path students follow while acquiring an academic discipline (learning path is the same. To fully engage students in learning activities, modern didactics individualizes instruct­tion by building the student's own training programme. The paper describes the model of designing individual learning paths as a joint activity between the teacher and the student.

  12. Ako marketingové aktivity ovplyvňujú stravovacie návyky u detí

    OpenAIRE

    Lipková, Jela

    2011-01-01

    This bachelor thesis aims to determine what is the impact of marketing activities on children, especially advertising, by creating the eating habits. The theoretical part deals with marketing communications and particular types of marketing communication tools. Further it focuses on the most famous communication tool, advertising and its effect on the children. In the theoretical part also deals with consumer behavior and factors that affect the individual consumers in the buying behavior, wh...

  13. Bankopoistenie ako súčasť českého finančného trhu

    OpenAIRE

    Pastiranová, Oľga

    2012-01-01

    The thesis focuses on the issue of bancassurance and comprehensive view on this area of financial market applied to the current market conditions in Czech Republic. The thesis defines the theoretical concept of bancassurance, the causes of its formation, advantages and disadvantages resulting from cross-industry integration of the banking and insurance sector and the ways of cooperation between them. The thesis also analyses and compares a chosen bancassurance product offered by the most sign...

  14. Vytvorenie internetového obchodu, ako nadstavba kamenného obchodu spoločnosti

    OpenAIRE

    Mokrý, Richard

    2012-01-01

    This diploma thesis concerns with electronic business. The technology of the trade, the internet and it's services and the history is described in the first chapter. Next chapter concerns with the general theoretical issues of electronic business. Defines relationships of particular subjects, such as client, seller or government service that appear in the terms and conditions of electronic business. Then describes the general model of electronic business. The third chapter is dedicated to gen...

  15. Úverové registre ako nástroj znižovania úverového rizika

    OpenAIRE

    Bohumel, Michal

    2013-01-01

    This thesis deals with the credit bureaus, followed by an analysis of credit bureaus in Slovak and Czech banking sector and an overview of the operation of credit bureaus of European countries. In the initial part of the thesis I explains key concepts such as credit bureaus, bank risk, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk. Then I deal with the issue of credit bureaus as an instrument of reducing credit risk. I discuss the importance of credit bureaus for banks and their ...

  16. Priateľstvo ako cnosť súkromná i verejná (Friendship as a Private and Public Virtues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matúš Porubjak

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show a social role of friendship (filia in Classical Greece and to discover why, as Aristotle thinks, is filia the greatest good for the polis. The author bases his analysis on a comparison between Plato’s dialogue Lysis and Aristotle’s Politics (namely the book 1 and book 3. He distinguishes four types of filia, and shows the social role played by each one of them: the love of parents to children, the friendship between teenage boys of the same age, the love of elder men to boys, and the friendship between free adult citizens.

  17. Peniaze ako zdroj šťastia v našich životoch? (Is Money a Source of Happiness in our lives?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otakar Horák

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper begins by referring to the research which distinguishes two different aspects of subjective well-being, namely 1. experiences of happiness – measured by frequency and intensity of joy, stress, anger, worry and sadness we experience at a certain moment and 2. life satisfaction. Survey shows that beyond an annual household income of $75 000 there is no increase in the experiences of happiness. The paper then refers to the psychological mechanisms and factors – namely hedonic adaptation, social comparison and stress as a result of a raise – that lower the capacity of money to buy us the experiences of happiness. Not only we get quickly used to the things we buy, money also puts us into stressful situations and makes us build barriers between people. The paper then specifies strategies of economic decision-making that contribute to the maximization of happiness, such as purchase of the experiences instead of the things, interrupted and postponed consumption, or prosocial spending. The research indicates that prosocial spending has higher causal impact on promoting happiness than personal spending. As a matter of fact, this phenomenon is not culturally limited to the West. Concluding assertion – expressed only in the form of hypothesis – says that prosocial spending which is a form of prosocial behavior strengthens – through production of happiness – mutual relations in the society (cooperation.

  18. Ekonomika inovácie ako súčasť zvyšovania výkonnosti firmy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chromjaková Felicita

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Základom dobre nastavenej inovácie je jej správna ekonomika, teda znalosť prietoku hodnoty, participujúcej v rôznych etapách na tvorbe inovácií a komplexnom inovačnom procese firmy. Prietok hodnoty má zásadný význam pre ekonomiku inovácie v tom, že na základe optimálne definovaných inovačných metrík dokáže identifikovať reálne ekonomické vstupy a výstupy a priamo poukázať na inovačný potenciál firmy a jeho úspešnosť z hľadiska zvyšovania budúcej výkonnosti firmy.The basis of a well balanced innovation is its right economy, that is so the knowledge of the value throughput, participating in the various phases of creating the innovation and of a complex innovation process of the company. Value throughput has an essential importance for the innovation economy there, where on the basis of optimally defined innovation metrics can be identified real economical inputs and outputs and directly the innovation potential of the ompany and its success from the point of view of the increase of its future efficiency.

  19. Ekonomický a politický vplyv Brazílie vo svetovej ekonomike ako súčasť BRICS

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Countries Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa represent under the acronym BRICS a group of rapidly expanding and for the future very promising world economies. Their growing influence on a wide range of areas increases their potential to become major global players in the near future. The main objective of this bachelor thesis is according to the recent development of the global economy outlined in the first chapter and the analysis of current economic and political position of BRIC...

  20. Smiech ako moc a premeny človeka súčasnosti (The Laughter as a Power and Changes of Contemporary Human

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romana Javorčeková

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the power of laugh as an expression of a human evoked by emotional, cognitive, physiological, and expressive changes which cause further changes in another person and society. Ambivalence is one of the basic characteristics of laugh which is why it cannot be fullly grasped in theory, even though it has been proved that joy expressed by laugh is the most universal emotion. Examples from movies serve well to observe laugh as a form of social gesture in contemporary society.

  1. Sociálny kapitál ako prevencia negatívnej agresivity adolescentov (Social Capital as a Prevention of Adolescents’ Aggressive Behaviours

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Božeková

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aggression as undesirable risk behaviour is a serious social problem which requires effective prevention and intervention solutions. This paper focuses on concept of Social Capital as an important factor in reduction of aggressive behaviour in family, school and neighbourhood. Relationships amongst family members, the involvement of parents in school activities, the participation of young people at school events and hobby groups and the activitiesof local youth and religious institutions can be identified as relevant components of social capital decreasing juvenile aggression. Positive social relationships offer an adequate prevention of adolescent aggression but also facilitate the inclusion of young people (who during adolescence and “dramatic clashes” create their personal identity, ultimatelydetermining their life as adults into society.

  2. Moest, mugavusest ja veendumustest kesk- ja varauusaja Soomes : doktoritöö Soome arheoloogilistest ahjukahlileidudest / Erki Russow

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Russow, Erki, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Majantie, Kirsi. Muotia, mukavuutta ja mielipiteitä : kaakeliuuni yhteiskunnallisten muutosten ilmentäjänä keskiajan ja uuden ajan alun Suomessa. Turku : Suomen keskiajan arkeologian seura, 2010. (Archaeologia Medii Aevi Finlandiae ; 17)

  3. Description of a remarkable new Asilid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wulp, van der F.M.

    1884-01-01

    Tener, pallide rufus; abdominis segmentis ultimis fuscescentibus; facie fronteque angustis, argenteis; femoribus anticis extrinsecus pilis binis longis nigris, mediis spinula unica nigra munitis; tarsis anterioribus subtus nigro-notatis, anticorum articulo secundo primo sublongiori, intermediorum ar

  4. Segmentácia trhu pri použití marketingových dát ako súčasť marketingovej stratégie

    OpenAIRE

    Nagyová-Tkáčová, Monika

    2013-01-01

    The thesis deals mainly with market segmentation which is very important part of marketing strategy. The theoretical part consists of general knowledge of marketing, a Customer relationship management (CRM), market segmentation and database marketing. A case study consists of the implementation of the theoretical knowledge into the practical part. The aims of the thesis are: an introduction to the issue of market segmentation, an importance of market segmentation in creating marketing strateg...

  5. Zakotvená teória ako východisko pri hľadaní učiteľových stratégií k udržaniu svojej roly v triede

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csaba Igaz

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Článok sa zaoberá možnosťami využitia zakotvenej teórie pri kvalitatívnej analýze vyučovacích hodín s cieľom identifikovať rolu učiteľa a stratégie, ktoré umožňujú udržanie tejto roly. Takáto analýza sa môže využiť pri zavádzaní nových metód a prostriedkov do vyučovacieho procesu, kedy charakteristika rozdielov v správaní sa učiteľa počas bežnej vyučovacej hodiny a hodiny, v ktorej sa uplatňujú nové metódy nám umožní odhaliť ich slabé stránky. V príspevku sa podrobne venujeme postupu analýzy vyučovacích hodín. Na konkrétnych príkladoch vysvetlíme nielen aplikáciu otvoreného, axiálneho a selektívneho kódovania ale aj tzv. prechodnej úrovne kódovania, ktorá predstavuje nový prvok v zakotvenej teórií.

  6. Henry Kissinger a vietnamská vojna : myšlienky Henryho Kissingera ako akademika a praktická aplikácia z pozície štátnika

    OpenAIRE

    Garbarčík, Marek

    2009-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to clarify the background of steps, taken by Henry Kissinger during the Vietnam War in time, when he occupied position of the National Security Advisor of the United States of America. The second objective is to point at the position and evolution of the Vietnam War in US foreign policy context. The first part deals with analysis of Kissinger's academic papers, thoughts and approaches. The second part focuses on the description of US presidents aprroaches ...

  7. Pamäť ako múza: alétheia medzi enthusiasmom a epistémé (Memory as Muse: Alētheia between enthousiasm and epistēmē

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuzana Zelinová

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The contribution underlines the role of Mnēmosynē (Memory as the mother of the Muses as a constitutive aspect of archaic poetry based on the etymological relationship between alētheia (as true knowledge and lēthē (as forgetting, in which truth becomes – in a specific way – the negation of forgetting. The social role of the poet, who participates in perpetuation of truth, is closely related to the complementarity produced by Muse and Memory. The main purpose of this paper is to offer an answer to the question: “How can be this relationship transformed from the area of poiētikē technē to the area of philosophy and what is the place of Mnēmosynē in Plato´s anamnēsis (dialogue Meno?”

  8. Operant learning and differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate 36-s responding in 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor knockout mice.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pattij, T.; Broersen, L.M.; Linde, J. van der; Groenink, L.; Gugten, J. van der; Maes, R.A.A.; Olivier, B.

    2003-01-01

    Previous studies with mice lacking 5-HT(1A) (1AKO) and 5-HT(1B) (1BKO) receptors in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory paradigms, suggest that these receptors play an important role in learning and memory, although their precise role is unclear. In the present study, 1AKO and 1BKO mice were s

  9. Massive Data Set of Fortran77 Use Other Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petre Bucur

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Lucrarea se referă la unele aspecte ale folosirii masivelor de date rezultate la rularea unui program în Fortran 77. Se caută găsirea unor căi de acces a datelor spre alte medii de programare, versatile, fără dificultăţi în utilizare.

  10. Disease: H00438 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Nasu and review. Neuropathology (2010) PMID:20836191 (gene, description) Bianchin MM, Martin KC, de Souza A...ko M, Sano K, Nakayama J, Amano N Nasu-Hakola disease: The first case reported by

  11. Interferencije svojstvene kvantitativnim imunokemijskim metodama

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Antitijelo koje se u imunokemijskim metodama koristi kao reagens otkriva ciljni analit (antigen). Iako je nekovalentna veza između analita i komplementarnog antitijela specifična, moguće su lažno pozitivne ili negativne interferencije. Neke su interferencije slične interferencijama kod kemijskih analiza, a neke su svojstvene samo imunokemijskim analizama. Na interferencije u imunokemijskim metodama treba pomisliti ako se dobije neprihvatljiv rezultat, ako postoji nelinearnost prilikom razrjeđ...

  12. Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    Authority/Budget Activity BY - Base Year DAMIR - Defense Acquisition Management Information Retrieval Dev Est - Development Estimate DoD - Department...Development Contract Medii ... Preliminary Design Review .. Baseline System Initial Oper. .. Critical Design Review Com ... IOT &E (DT-118/0 T...IIA1) Start Complete LRIP Decision Low Rate Production Contra ... Service Depot Support Date Service Final DT&E Start Complete IOT &E - OPEVAL

  13. [Trombosis of the middle cerebral artery as the cause of cerebrovascular insult (CVI) and recognition of the etiologic factors for CVI].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajro, Tarik; Ramić, Ibrahim; Alajbegović, Azra

    2004-01-01

    In the paper is shown the case of the patient of the CVI life, age of 40 years. It was about the vascular lesion left of the temperoparienal MRA shew the amputation of amputation of the temporal branches art. cerebri medii from the left side. The patient 6 years before she suffered of CVI infract myocard after which she recovered well. After the performed neurologic and physiatric treatment it came to the strength of the rude motor strength with the normalization of the speech.

  14. Ühepäevaliblika lend üle valgete laikude / Sven Karja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karja, Sven, 1968-

    2000-01-01

    Teatrikriitika olukorrast - kiirtempo, esietenduse põhjal arvustamine, väikelinnateatrite keskmised lavastused jäävad kajastuseta. Vaadeldakse hooaja kolme "mahavaikitud " lavastust - Akos Kertészi "Lesed" Eili Neuhausi lavastuses Rakvere Teatris, Mario Fratti "Ohver" Madis Kalmeti lavastuses Pärnu Endlas ja David Williamsoni "Sõbrad ja raha" Viljandi Ugalas.

  15. GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor complex sensitivity in 5-HT(1A) receptor knockout mice on a 129/Sv background.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pattij, T.; Groenink, L.; Oosting, R.S.; Gugten, J. van der; Maes, R.A.A.; Olivier, B.

    2002-01-01

    Previous studies in 5-HT(1A) receptor knockout (1AKO) mice on a mixed Swiss Websterx129/Sv (SWx129/Sv) and a pure 129/Sv genetic background suggest a differential gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A))-benzodiazepine receptor complex sensitivity in both strains, independent from the anxious phenotype. To

  16. Professional School Counseling Evaluation Rubric: Advocating for the Profession through Awareness and Accountability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Carrie A. Wachter; Slaten, Christopher D.

    2014-01-01

    Professional school counselors have been advocating for their role as counselors in the schools for decades (Galassi & Akos, 2007; Gysbers, 2002; Slaten & Baskin, 2013). Although researchers have addressed this concern through advocacy in service and writing, school counselors continue to perform a significant amount of non-counseling…

  17. The Promotion of Teaching Excellence in Higher Education: A Comparison of the Australian and New Zealand Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Malcolm

    2012-01-01

    In this paper a comparison is made between the structure and operations of the Australian Learning and Teaching Council and the Ako Aotearoa National Centre for Tertiary Teaching Excellence of New Zealand. Both of these organisations were established in the mid 2000s and were created at a time when higher education institutions in both countries…

  18. School Counselors' Attitudes towards Providing Services to Students Receiving Section 504 Classroom Accommodations: Implications for School Counselor Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romano, Dawn M.; Paradise, Louis V.; Green, Eric J.

    2009-01-01

    Questions have arisen regarding counselor's capabilities in assisting students with special needs (Milsom & Akos, 2003; Studer & Quigney, 2005). This study examined school counselors' training and attitudes toward providing services to students with learning disabilities who qualified for services only under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.…

  19. Considerations of Pharmacology on Fitness for Duty in the Operational Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    and Performance Division Biobehavior, Bioassessment & Biosurveillance Branch Brooks City-Base, TX 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME...S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S) Air Force Materiel Command Biobehavior, Bioassessment & Biosurveillance Branch 711 HPW/RHP 711...survey of all (active duty and deployed) Army aviators using the Army Knowl- edge Online (AKO) portal to ask individuals to anony- mously respond to

  20. Reverzibilna transformacija plastida u panaširanim listovima vrste Euonymus fortunei var. radicans

    OpenAIRE

    Antica, Mariastefania; Wrischer, Mercedes

    1982-01-01

    Istraženi su ultrastruktura, sadržaj pigmenata i fotosintetska aktivnost plastida panaširanih listova vrste Euonymus fortunei var. radicans. Normalni kloroplasti središnjih tamnozelenih dijelova lista imaju velika grana, mnogo klorofila i visoku fotosintetsku aktivnost. Rubni dijelovi lista, koji sadrže mutirane plastide, vrlo su osjetljivi na osvjetljenje, te mijenjaju boju ovisno o intenzitetu svjetlosti. Ako rastu u sjeni, oni su svjetlozeleni i sadrže kloroplaste s malo grana. Na jakoj...

  1. Army Leader Transitions Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    to improving the organization. The following are some effective methods and a compilation of techniques and considerations which have been used... improve your understanding of the environment. Outgoing Leader’s Assessment An important item to obtain from the current leader is a list of key contacts...The courseware allows users to tailor training materials to specific needs. Users access this at the CAL AKO website or Army eLearning https

  2. Phenolic compounds variation in Mentha L. Species in the course of a four-years period / Kolísanie fenolových látok v rôznych druhoch Mentha L. Počas 4 ročného obdobia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fialová S.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Mäty patria medzi významné rastliny čeľade Lamiaceae. Okrem silice obsahujú množstvo cenných fenolových látok, vrátane flavonoidov a fenolových kyselín, ktoré sa spolupodieľajú na farmakologickej aktivite mäty. V našej práci sme hodnotili kolísanie obsahu fenolových látok počas 4 rokov vegetácie. Pri 1- až 4-ročných rastlinách sme porovnali v suchých listoch obsah hydroxyškoricových derivátov vyjadrených ako kyselina rozmarínová (λ = 505 nm, polyfenolov a trieslovín vyjadrených ako kyselina rozmarínová (λ = 760 nm a flavonoidov vyjadrených ako luteolín-7-O-glukozid (λ = 392 nm a kvercetín (λ = 420 nm. Využili sme spektrofotometrické metódy Európskeho liekopisu. Naše výsledky poukazujú na vysoké hodnoty fenolových látok najmä v 3- a 4-ročných porastoch.

  3. Variant extensor muscles on the dorsum of the hand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singh K

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The presence of accessory muscle bellies and tendons in the hand is of great interest to the hand surgeons. Awareness of the variations of the muscles will serve as useful guide for both in studies of human anatomy and in clinical practice today; this knowledge can be borne in mind while performing hand surgeries, tendon rerouting or transplants. These extra muscles often present as a ganglion, soft tissue tumor or mass in the hand, which could be quite misleading to the surgeon. With the purpose of preparation of the teaching and museum specimens, in two of the cadavers of elderly Jamaican African male and female, we observed accessory muscles on the dorsum of the hand. One was inserted to the index finger (extensor digitorum brevis manus and the other was arising deep to the extensor digitorum and inserted to the middle finger (extensor medii proprius.

  4. FACTORI PERTURBATORI AI COEZIUNII SOCIALE. VIOLENȚA ȘI TERORISMUL ÎN ȘCOALĂ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Palaghia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Problematica manifestărilor violente în diferite medii sociale constituie, în contextul societăţii contemporane, inclusiv în spaţiul social românesc, o prioritate şi un domeniu fundamental, atât pentru cercetarea ştiinţifică, cât şi pentru intervenţia instanţelor sociale specializate. Instituţia şcolară este afectată, în mod semnificativ, de conduitele deviante ale elevilor şi, totodată, ale celorlalte categorii de participanţi la activităţile educative şi instructive. Mai mult decât alte spaţii sociale, cel şcolar impune o intervenţie imediată, adecvată şi îndeosebi, profesionistă.

  5. Genetic deletion of NR3A accelerates glutamatergic synapse maturation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maile A Henson

    Full Text Available Glutamatergic synapse maturation is critically dependent upon activation of NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs; however, the contributions of NR3A subunit-containing NMDARs to this process have only begun to be considered. Here we characterized the expression of NR3A in the developing mouse forebrain and examined the consequences of NR3A deletion on excitatory synapse maturation. We found that NR3A is expressed in many subcellular compartments, and during early development, NR3A subunits are particularly concentrated in the postsynaptic density (PSD. NR3A levels dramatically decline with age and are no longer enriched at PSDs in juveniles and adults. Genetic deletion of NR3A accelerates glutamatergic synaptic transmission, as measured by AMPAR-mediated postsynaptic currents recorded in hippocampal CA1. Consistent with the functional observations, we observed that the deletion of NR3A accelerated the expression of the glutamate receptor subunits NR1, NR2A, and GluR1 in the PSD in postnatal day (P 8 mice. These data support the idea that glutamate receptors concentrate at synapses earlier in NR3A-knockout (NR3A-KO mice. The precocious maturation of both AMPAR function and glutamate receptor expression are transient in NR3A-KO mice, as AMPAR currents and glutamate receptor protein levels are similar in NR3A-KO and wildtype mice by P16, an age when endogenous NR3A levels are normally declining. Taken together, our data support a model whereby NR3A negatively regulates the developmental stabilization of glutamate receptors involved in excitatory neurotransmission, synaptogenesis, and spine growth.

  6. DEFINIRANJE PODRUČJA I POTENCIJAL RAZVOJA SOCIJALNOG PODUZETNIŠTVA HRVATSKE U KOMPARATIVNOM KONTEKSTU

    OpenAIRE

    Vincetić, Vlatka; Babić, Zdenko; Baturina, Danijel

    2013-01-01

    Socijalno poduzetništvo i socijalna ekonomija u protekla se tri desetljeća kontinuirano razvijaju na globalnoj razini, kako u razvijenim zemljama, ako i u zemljama u razvoju. Socijalno poduzetništvo prestavlja kišobran termin za velik raspon inovativnih i dinamičnih internacionalnih praksi i diskursa u socijalnom i ekološkom području. Za neke je paradigma socijalnog poduzetništva panaceja rješavanju problema tržišnih neuspjeha, dok je za druge manifestacija dodatne ekspanzije i dominacije pos...

  7. A Multi-Purpose Astronaut Shower for Long-Duration Mirogravity Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernasconi, M. C.; Versteeg, M.; Zenger, R.

    An initial study for an Advanced Kind Of Shower (AKOS) has attempted to define the need and advantages, as well as develop a concept, for an astronaut's shower. Relying on past studies, on flight experiences, and on the ensuing critiques, and building on an interdisciplinary approach, the study defined a modular piece of equipment that - using parts inspired by commercially- available products - that for the first time could satisfy different functions for the hygiene, well-being, and health support of the crew members.

  8. Lack of Adipocyte AMPK Exacerbates Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Steatosis through Brown and Beige Adipose Tissue Function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mottillo, Emilio P; Desjardins, Eric M; Crane, Justin D

    2016-01-01

    Brown (BAT) and white (WAT) adipose tissues play distinct roles in maintaining whole-body energy homeostasis, and their dysfunction can contribute to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and type 2 diabetes. The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor, but its role...... in mitochondrial structure, function, and markers of mitophagy. In response to a high-fat diet, iβ1β2AKO mice more rapidly developed liver steatosis as well as glucose and insulin intolerance. Thus, AMPK in adipocytes is vital for maintaining mitochondrial integrity, responding to pharmacological agents...

  9. Najčešće sintaktičke pogreške u publicističkome stilu (na primjeru "Glasa Istre")

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    U radu se opisuju najčešće sintaktičke pogreške u Glasu Istre, najčitanijim dnevnim novinama u Istri. Analiza obuhvaća dvadesetak brojeva s posebnim naglaskom na položaj enklitike, sročnost s brojevima, veznike budući da, ni i niti, s obzirom na (to da), ukoliko i ako, prijedloge nasuprot, unatoč, usprkos, kroz, po, putem, s(a), zbog i radi, posvojni genitiv, posvojni pridjev i dekompoziciju predikata. Uvažavajući pravila i posebnosti publicističkoga stila, komparativnom se analizom propisâ i...

  10. The Magnitude and Regional Distribution of Needs for Hydropower - Phase II Future Electric Power Supply and Demand. Volume 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-09-01

    llliN015 COAPS Of INGINUaS HIL MACii’III’!"UOE AND REGIONAl OISTRi8UTION OF NEED JOR UYOROPOM:Il Til( NATIONAl ttYOfiOPOWt:R STUDY PROJECTIONS OF...AWO, IL UNO IS COaPS Of INGINIUl THE MAGNifUOl. AND REGIONAL lliSTHIBUTION Of NHO FOR HVCROPOWI:H Tttl:: NATIONAL tiVOROPOWlH STIJOY PROJECTIONS OF...RUOUICU CHICAGO, IlliNOIS coaPS Of INGINIIaJ lHl MAUNITI)(lE AkO REGIONAL OISTRI&UTION Of NEED FOR HVOROPOWt:U THE NATIONAL HVUAOPOWER STUIJV

  11. Sintaksa i semantika u suprotan koordinacije i zamjene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavao Tekavčić

    1978-12-01

    Full Text Available U onome što se obično naziva adverzativnim rečenicama valja razlikovati dva tipa: adverzativne rečenice (u užem smislu, kojima se izriče kontrast (Laura è bella ma è antipatica, i supstitutivne rečenice, kojima se prvi član ukida i zamjenjuje drugim (Laura non è bella bensì ( è brutta. U studiju ovih dvaju tipova rečenica mogu se razlikovati neke sintaktičke i semantičke kategorije: 1 identitet/kontrast, 2 djelomičnost/potpunost, S afirmacija/ negacija svakoga od dvaju članova, 4 pozitivno/negativno (semantičko značenje članova. U članku se studira semantička prihvatljivost rečenica, restrikcije u upotrebi triju glavnih veznika (però, bensì, ma i mogućnost elipse drugoga pomoćnog glagola. Ako prvi član (A nije negiran, moguć je jedino veznik u značenju 'ali', ali samo onda ako se radi o djelomičnom identitetu i djelomičnom kontrastu, dok je isključen ako se izražava potpuni identitet (*Laura è bella pero è bella ili potpuni kontrast (*Laura è bella pero è brutta. Veznik pero u današnjem talijanskom jeziku ima samo značenje 'ali' Ako je prvi član negiran, uz 'ali' moguce je i 'nego' (tal.bensì, ali s razlikom u značenju (Laura non è bella pero è simpatica. I Laura non è bella bensi è simpatica. Veznik 'nego' isključen je samo onda kada se izražava potpuni identitet (jer nema smisla zamjenjivati jedan pojam drugim, ako su identični, dok je u drugim slučajevima - uz veće ili manje razlike, i ev u posebnim slučajevima - prihvatljiv. Dok però znači samo 'ali' a bensì samo 'nego', treći veznik, ma, koji je danas najčešći, pokriva oba ta značenja. Stoga, ako je prvi član negiran, može doći do dvoznačnosti: Laura non è bella, ma è simpatica može značiti da L. nije lijepa nego simpatična (supstitutivna reč. ili da nije lijepa ali  je simpatična (adverzativna reč.. U takvim rečenicama elipsa drugoga pomoćnog glagola postaje distinktivna: dok će se rečenica Laura non è bella

  12. Cognitive Load Study Using Increasingly Immersive Levels of Map-based Information Portrayal on the End User Device

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-01

    based games 4.69 Internet 5.38 AKO 4.06 My Pay 4.13 Smart phone 4.91 Army digital systems (e.g. FBCB2) 1.81 I would self rate my computer skills...monitoring it. 1 Letting objects rotate around me makes pathfinding tougher when referencing the map. 1 Knowing which building is which is...position relative to the route. A fixed perspective allows you to pathfind to and from your point of departure without known waypoints changing

  13. Geodetski časopisi u Emerging Sources Citation Indexu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedjeljko Frančula

    2016-06-01

    U ESCI su uvršteni časopisi od regionalne važnosti i časopisi iz znanstvenih područja u nastajanju. Časopisi uvršteni u ESCI bit će nakon određenog vremena, ako zadovolje kriterije Thomson Reutersa, uvršten u SCIE, SSCI ili A&HCI. Za časopise uvrštene u ESCI, trenutno ih je 2589, ne izračunava se faktor odjeka.

  14. Ages and stratigraphy of lunar mare basalts in Mare Frigoris and other nearside maria based on crater size-frequency distribution measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiesinger, H.; Head, J. W.; Wolf, U.; Jaumann, R.; Neukum, G.

    2010-03-01

    We report on ages derived from impact crater counts for exposed mare basalt units in the northern part of the lunar nearside hemisphere (Mare Frigoris), the eastern and northeastern part of the nearside hemisphere (Lacus Temporis, Joliot, Hubble, Goddard, Mare Marginis, and Mare Smythii), the central part of the nearside hemisphere (Palus Putredinis, Mare Vaporum, and Sinus Medii), and the southwestern part of the nearside hemisphere (Grimaldi, Crüger, Rocca A, Lacus Aestatis, and Schickard). In Mare Frigoris, we dated 37 basalt units, showing ages from 2.61 to 3.77 Gyr, with most units being formed in the late Imbrian period between 3.4 and 3.8 Gyr ago. In Mare Vaporum we dated six spectrally homogeneous units that show model ages of 3.10 to 3.61 Gyr. Our model ages of basalts in Mare Marginis range from 3.38 to 3.88 Gyr and are mostly older than basalts in Mare Smythii (3.14-3.48 Gyr). The model ages of four units in Sinus Medii indicate that the basalts in this region formed 3.63 to 3.79 Gyr ago. We find an excellent agreement of our crater size-frequency model ages of the Palus Putredinis area, which contains the Apollo 15 landing site, with the radiometric ages of Apollo 15 samples. According to our crater counts, basalts in Palus Putredinis are 3.34 Gyr old and this compares favorably with the radiometric ages of 3.30-3.35 Gyr of the olivine-normative and quartz-normative basalts of the Apollo 15 landing site. Lacus Aestatis is a small irregular-shaped mare patch in the southwestern nearside and shows an Imbrian age of 3.50 Gyr; basalts in Lacus Temporis in the northeastern nearside formed between 3.62 and 3.74 Gyr ago and are, therefore, older than the basalts in Lacus Aestatis. We found that basalts in craters of the southwestern nearside (Schickard, Grimaldi, Crüger, and Rocca A) are also mostly younger than basalts in craters of the northeastern nearside (Hubble, Joliot, and Goddard). While basalt ages vary between 3.16 and 3.75 Gyr in the southwest

  15. Vyukový program pro demonstraci metod texturování 3D objektů

    OpenAIRE

    Kukla, Michal

    2008-01-01

    Práca sa zaoberá vývojom aplikácie pre demonštrovanie metód texturovania 3D objektov. Práca obsahuje teoreticky rozobrané jednotlivé metódy textúrovania, ktoré tvoria základ pre návrh obsahu demonštrácie. Požiadavky na aplikáciu sú analyzované a aplikované pre vytvorenie návrhu aplikácie. Postupy pri implementácii jednotlivých metód textúrovania a popis ovládacích prvkov aplikácie sú popísané v závere práce. Program môže slúžiť ako demonštračný  pri výučbe alebo tiež ako študijný materiá...

  16. A Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Survey of the Globular Cluster 47 Tuc

    CERN Document Server

    Knigge, C; Zurek, D R; Long, K S; Gilliland, R L

    2000-01-01

    We present preliminary results from a FUV spectroscopic and photometric survey of the globular cluster 47 Tuc. Our main goal is to either confirm or rule out the existence of a large population of CVs in the core of this cluster. We have so far identified approximately 425 FUV sources, most of which are probably hot, young WDs. However, we have also found approximately 30 FUV sources whose position in a FUV-optical color-magnitude diagram makes them strong CV candidates. If most or all of these objects are eventually confirmed as CVs, the large CV population predicted by tidal capture theory has finally been found. Our data has also allowed us to resolve the long-standing puzzle surrounding AKO 9, a UV-bright and highly variable 1.1 day binary system in 47 Tuc. AKO 9 is the brightest FUV source in our data and presents a blue FUV spectrum with strong CIV and HeII emission lines. Its spectrum is similar to that of the long-period, DN-type field CV GK Per. Based on this similarity and other evidence, we suggest...

  17. Transcriptome of pancreas-specific Bmpr1a-deleted islets links to TPH1–5-HT axis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fang-Xu Jiang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP signaling is crucial for the development and function of numerous organs, but its role on the function of pancreatic islets is not completely clear. To explore this question, we applied the high throughput transcriptomic analyses on the islets isolated from mice with a pancreas-specific deletion of the gene, Bmpr1a, encoding the type 1a BMP receptor. Consistently, these pBmpr1aKO mice had impaired glucose homeostasis at 3 months, and were more severely affected at 12 months of age. These had lower fasting blood insulin concentrations, with reduced expression of several key regulators of β-cell function. Importantly, transcriptomic profiling of 3-month pBmpr1aKO islets and bioinformatic analyses revealed abnormal expression of 203 metabolic genes. Critically among these, the tryptophan hydroxylase 1 gene (Tph1, encoding the rate-limiting enzyme for the production of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT was the highest over-expressed one. 5-HT is an important regulator of insulin secretion from β cells. Treatment with excess 5-HT inhibited this secretion. Thus our transcriptomic analysis links two highly conserved molecular pathways the BMP signaling and the TPH1–5-HT axis on glucose homeostasis.

  18. What are you waiting for?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN video productions

    2012-01-01

    Video artists: Sandor Tokai, Gyorgy Ujhazi, Akos Ancsin, Otto Varga (students / video artists at the University of Debrecen, Hungary and highschool students – refer to themselves as the Lightscribblers) Soundtrack: Akos Szilagyi (student and composer from the University of Szeged, Hungary, who goes under the name of Rise of Day) Summary: This video was made as part of the outreach needs for the European Commission Marie Curie Actions of which CERN is a major beneficiary. The emphasis is on reaching out to communicate science and advertise the projects to the general public. The specific aim of this video is to inspire university graduates to start a research career in science and technology. As CERN is such a major beneficiary of funding for the Marie Curie well as to reach the general public who are not aware of CERN and Marie Curie opportunities. Recent experience has shown that there is a lack of good candidates and this video is intended to create an awareness among graduates that CERN and the Marie Cur...

  19. New Roles of Syntaxin-1A in Insulin Granule Exocytosis and Replenishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Tao; Qin, Tairan; Xie, Li; Dolai, Subhankar; Zhu, Dan; Prentice, Kacey J; Wheeler, Michael; Kang, Youhou; Osborne, Lucy; Gaisano, Herbert Y

    2017-02-10

    In type-2 diabetes (T2D), severely reduced islet syntaxin-1A (Syn-1A) levels contribute to insulin secretory deficiency. We generated β-cell-specific Syn-1A-KO (Syn-1A-βKO) mice to mimic β-cell Syn-1A deficiency in T2D. Glucose tolerance tests showed that Syn-1A-βKO mice exhibited blood glucose elevation corresponding to reduced blood insulin levels. Perifusion of Syn-1A-βKO islets showed impaired first- and second-phase glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) resulting from reduction in readily releasable pool and granule pool refilling. To unequivocally determine the β-cell exocytotic defects caused by Syn-1A deletion, EM and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy showed that Syn-1A-KO β-cells had a severe reduction in the number of secretory granules (SGs) docked onto the plasma membrane (PM) at rest and reduced SG recruitment to the PM after glucose stimulation, the latter indicating defects in replenishment of releasable pools required to sustain second-phase GSIS. Whereas reduced predocked SG fusion accounted for reduced first-phase GSIS, selective reduction of exocytosis of short-dock (but not no-dock) newcomer SGs accounted for the reduced second-phase GSIS. These Syn-1A actions on newcomer SGs were partly mediated by Syn-1A interactions with newcomer SG VAMP8.

  20. Griblje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Grošelj

    1972-12-01

    Full Text Available Za kraj ob Kolpi vzhodno od Črnomlja pri Pleteršniku in v Slovarju slov. knj. j. ni ustreznega apelativa, pač pa je v gradivu za ta slovar v Inštitutu za slov. j. pri SAZU listek za toponim. Tam navedena literatura izvaja Griblje iz groblje in primerja narečni mij nam. moj. Shrv. slovarji navajajo za besedo griblja pomen »brazda«, plural torej »brazde« in tako pridemo do pomena »kos obdelane zemlje«, ki ga ima beseda griblja v singularu (! in pluralu v latinsko pisanih shrv. virih. Teh očividno pisci shrv. slovarjev še niso izkoristili. Naj mi bo dovoljeno tu opozoriti na Lexicon latinitatis medii aevi Iugoslaviae vol. 1 (A - K, Zagreb 1973, ki seveda upošteva tudi slovenske vire. Drugi del je že pripravljen in se deloma že tiska. (Pripravlja se pa že tudi gradivo za slovar latinščine novega veka. Na str. 519 s. v. gribglia, gribilia, f. prinaša naslednje: »(serb.-croat. greblja, griblja - areola, particula terrae cultae: lijeha, komadić obradene zemlje.«

  1. Vegetation of the ‘Mierzwice’ nature reserve and its protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krechowski Janusz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The ‘Mierzwice’ nature reserve (forest district 206b, c and d of the Sarnaki Forest Inspectorate, situated in the area of the Podlaski Przełom Bug Landscape Park, is one of the most valuable natural assets of the central Bug river valley. The 12.98 ha reserve was established in 2010 to aid protection of the stand of xerothermic vegetation and its surrounding deciduous forest. In total, eight plant associations were identified within the reserve: Geranio-Peucedanetum cervariae, Geranio-Anemonetum sylvestris, Geranio-Trifolietum alpestris, Trifolio medii-Agrimonietum, Rubo fruticosi-Prunetum, Rhamno-Cornetum sanguinei, Potentillo albae-Quercetum and Tilio cordatae-Carpinetum betuli. Furthermore, 23 protected and 31 endangered species were found in the reserve including the following examples: Cephalanthera rubra, Thesium ebracteatum, Cypripedium calceolus, Gentiana cruciata, Anemone sylvestris, Cimicifuga europaea, Viola rupestris, Crepis praemorsa, Asperula tinctoria, Stachys recta, Laserpitium latifolium. Over the last few years, a regression of the species diagnostic number for thermophilous oak forests and xerothermic grasslands has been observed as a result of succession and expansion of Calamagrostis epigejos. Active protection of xerothermic vegetation such as uprooting of trees and bushes, regular grazing or mowing has been suggested in order to prevent the expansion of Calamagrostis epigejos.

  2. Hlf is a genetic modifier of epilepsy caused by voltage-gated sodium channel mutations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawkins, Nicole A; Kearney, Jennifer A

    2016-01-01

    Mutations in voltage-gated sodium channel genes cause several types of human epilepsies. Often, individuals with the same sodium channel mutation exhibit diverse phenotypes. This suggests that factors beyond the primary mutation influence disease severity, including genetic modifiers. Mouse epilepsy models with voltage-gated sodium channel mutations exhibit strain-dependent phenotype variability, supporting a contribution of genetic modifiers in epilepsy. The Scn2a(Q54) (Q54) mouse model has a strain-dependent epilepsy phenotype. Q54 mice on the C57BL/6J (B6) strain exhibit delayed seizure onset and improved survival compared to [B6xSJL/J]F1.Q54 mice. We previously mapped two dominant modifier loci that influence Q54 seizure susceptibility and identified Hlf (hepatic leukemia factor) as a candidate modifier gene at one locus. Hlf and other PAR bZIP transcription factors had previously been associated with spontaneous seizures in mice thought to be caused by down-regulation of the pyridoxine pathway. An Hlf targeted knockout mouse model was used to evaluate the effect of Hlf deletion on Q54 phenotype severity. Hlf(KO/KO);Q54 double mutant mice exhibited elevated frequency and reduced survival compared to Q54 controls. To determine if direct modulation of the pyridoxine pathway could alter the Q54 phenotype, mice were maintained on a pyridoxine-deficient diet for 6 weeks. Dietary pyridoxine deficiency resulted in elevated seizure frequency and decreased survival in Q54 mice compared to control diet. To determine if Hlf could modify other epilepsies, Hlf(KO/+) mice were crossed with the Scn1a(KO/+) Dravet syndrome mouse model to examine the effect on premature lethality. Hlf(KO/+);Scn1a(KO/+) offspring exhibited decreased survival compared to Scn1a(KO/+) controls. Together these results demonstrate that Hlf is a genetic modifier of epilepsy caused by voltage-gated sodium channel mutations and that modulation of the pyridoxine pathway can also influence phenotype

  3. Polyphenolic compounds and essential oil analysis of selected species of the genus Thymus / Analýza fenolových zložiek a analýza silice vybraných druhov rodu Thymus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kameníková M.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Predložena praca bola zamerana na stanovenie obsahu vybranych fenolovych zlučenin (celkove fenoly, triesloviny, flavonoidy a antokyany troch roznych druhov rodu Thymus (T. pulegioides, T. pannonicus, T. praecox s rozdielnym povodom (Českomoravska vrchovina, Křivoklat a Považsky Inovec. Na stanovenie tychto zložiek boli využite spektrofotometricke metody Europskeho liekopisu, 8. vydanie. Zaroveň bol stanoveny aj obsah silice a bola vykonana analyza jej zložiek. Obsah celkovych polyfenolov bol stanoveny spektrofotometrickou metodou s využitim Folin-Ciocalteovho činidla. Obsah kolisal od 3.87 % do 8,86 %. Obsah trieslovin bol realizovany na zaklade predošleho stanovenia obsahu celkovych fenolov, a to adsorpciou trieslovin na kožny prašok. Ich obsah sa pohyboval v rozmedzi 1,96 % do 5,65 %. Na stanovenie obsahu flavonoidov bola využita spektrofotometricka metoda s chloridom hlinitym. Obsah flavonoidov vyjadrenych ako luteolin-7-O-glukozid (λ = 392 nm kolisal od 0,59 % do 1,52 % a obsah flavonoidov vyjadrenych ako rutin (λ = 420 nm sa pohyboval v rozmedzi od 0,41 % do 1,12 %. Antokyany zaberaju v ramci fenolovych zložiek rodu Thymus len minimalny podiel. V našich vzorkach bol obsah antokyanov vyjadreny ako cyanidin-3- O-glukozid a kolisal od 0,02 % do 0,1 %. Na stanovenie obsahu silice bola využita metoda Europskeho liekopisu, 8.vydanie. Obsah silice sa pohyboval v rozmedzi od 0,2 % do 0,75 %. Na analyzu silice bola nasledne využita metoda plynovej chromatografie s hmotnostnou spektrometriou. Na zaklade tejto analyzy bola zistena pritomnosť troch chemotypov silice, a to tymoloveho, karvakroloveho a linalooloveho chemotypu. Vďaka variaciami chemickeho zloženia silice, bolo možne pozorovať vzťah medzi pritomnosťou určiteho chemotypu a povodom vzorky. Rozdiely v stanoveni obsahu flavonoidov nepreukazali žiadny vyrazny vzťah k lokalite povodu.

  4. Dijalektika samoće

    OpenAIRE

    Paz, Octavio

    1991-01-01

    Samoća - osjećaj i spoznaja da si sam, otuđen od svijeta i od sebe sama - nije isključivo meksička osobina. Svi se ljudi, u nekom trenutku života, osjećaju usamljenima. A oni to i jesu, živjeti znači biti odijeljen od onoga što smo bili da bismo se približili onome što ćemo biti u tajnovitoj budućnosti. Samoća je najdublja činjenica ljudskog postojanja. Čovjek je jedno biće koje zna da je samo i jedino koje traži drugo. Njegova priroda - ako se ta riječ može upotrijebiti u odnosu na čovjeka, ...

  5. Využití návrhového vzoru Model-View-Controller ve webových aplikacích

    OpenAIRE

    Margai, Ladislav

    2013-01-01

    Obsah práce je zameraný na využitie návrhového vzoru Model-View-Controller vo webových aplikáciach. Práca je rozdelená do niekoľkých kapitol. V prvej kapitole je vysvetlený model MVC ako taký a nutné úpravy interpretácie pre použitie vo webových aplikáciach. V druhej kapitole je popísaný vývoj od konceptu webových formulárov až po MVC a porovnanie týchto dvoch technológií. Tretia kapitola sa zameriava na prácu s Razor engine. Posledné tri kapitoly popisujú samostatný vývoj aplikácie. Conte...

  6. Rodinný dům

    OpenAIRE

    Uhrinec, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Bakalárska práca je projekt rodinného domu v meste Louny. Rodinný dom je projektovaný ako dvojpodlažný dom s jedným podzemným podlažím. Budova je navrhnutá pre štyri osoby. Dom má plochú strechu. Nadzemné murivo je tvorené systémom POROTHERM. Nosné múry v prvom podzemnom poschodí sú tvorené systémom Prefa BTB. Priečky sú taktiež tvorené systémom POROTHERM. Hlavný vstup do budovy je situovaný na severovýchod. V suteréne sa nachádza technická miestnosť, sušiareň, sklad zeleniny, sklad, chodba a...

  7. Návrh internetových stránek

    OpenAIRE

    Chomo, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Táto bakalárska práca sa zaoberá návrhom internetových stránok pre novovznikajúcu firmu za účelom jej propagácie a prieniku na inak ťažko dostupné trhy. Obsah práce popisuje postup pri vytváraní internetovej prezentácie firmy, grafický design, samotné programovanie stránok ako aj umiestnenie stránok na internet a návrh ich zviditežnenia prostredníctvom i-marketingu. Nakoniec sa táto bakalárska práca zaoberá finančným zhodnotením navrhovaného projektu- nákladov a predpokladaných prínosov. T...

  8. Minimally invasive veneers: current state of the art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanlıoğlu BA

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Burçin Akoğlu Vanlioğlu, Yasemin Kulak-Özkan University of Marmara, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Istanbul, TurkeyAbstract: Ceramic veneers are considered a conservative solution for patients requiring improvement of the shape, color, or position of their anterior teeth. Ceramic veneers have been extensively and successfully used to mask intrinsic staining, to give the appearance of straightening, and to correct minor malformations of anterior teeth without the removal of substantial amounts of sound tooth substance. The current literature was reviewed to search for the most important parameters determining the long-term success and correct application of ceramic veneers. Keywords: ceramic veneers, esthetic treatment

  9. Restauracije mliječnih zuba cirkonijskim krunicama kod djece s ranim karijesom

    OpenAIRE

    Karaca, Serhat; Ozbay, Gizem; Kargul, Betul

    2013-01-01

    Rani dječji karijes (ECC) razarajući je oblik truljenja zuba koji pogađa predškolsku djecu. Obično se pojavljuje na mliječnim maksilarnim sjekutićima dojenčadi i vrlo male djece. Ti su zubi vrlo važni za fizički izgled, pa ako nestane njihova struktura to ne utječe samo na estetiku nego kompromitira i žvakanje, a uzrokuje i teškoće u socijalnoj i psihološkoj prilagodbi djeteta. Estetska restauracija mliječnih sjekutića može se obaviti različitim materijalima, primjerice, gotovim cirkonij...

  10. KRIŽOBOLJA I OZLJEDE MALIH ZGLOBOVA TE LIGAMENTARNO-MIŠIĆNOG APARATA LUMBALNE KRALJEŽNICE U SPORTAŠA

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    SAŽETAK Bavljenje sportom izlaže kralježnicu, posebno njezin lumbalni dio, povećanom opterećenju, zbog čega su u sportaša česte ozljede ligamentarno-mišićnog aparata i zglobova kralježnice. Do njihova oštećenja najčešće dolazi zbog naglih i snažnih kretnji – istezanja i rotacije, kojima su izloženi u sportu. Glavni je simptom križobolja praćena spazmom paravertebralne muskulature. Liječenje je konzervativno te ako se pravodobno ne započne s odgovarajućom terapijom m...

  11. Vision system for dial gage torque wrench calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, Neelam; Doiron, Theodore D.; Sanghera, Paramjeet S.

    1993-11-01

    In this paper, we present the development of a fast and robust vision system which, in conjunction with the Dial Gage Calibration system developed by AKO Inc., will be used by the U.S. Army in calibrating dial gage torque wrenches. The vision system detects the change in the angular position of the dial pointer in a dial gage. The angular change is proportional to the applied torque. The input to the system is a sequence of images of the torque wrench dial gage taken at different dial pointer positions. The system then reports the angular difference between the different positions. The primary components of this vision system include modules for image acquisition, linear feature extraction and angle measurements. For each of these modules, several techniques were evaluated and the most applicable one was selected. This system has numerous other applications like vision systems to read and calibrate analog instruments.

  12. Optimalizácia monitorovania sieťovej prevádzky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    František Jakab

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tento príspevok sa zaoberá otvorenými problémami vyskytujúcimi sa pri pasívnom prístupe merania sieťových charakteristík. Opisuje najpoužívanejšie prístupy merania sieťových parametrov ako aj charakteristiky, ktoré sa pri monitorovaní najčastejšie sledujú. Hlavným cieľom tohto príspevku je predstavenie konceptuálneho návrhu riešenia opísaných problémov, ktorý by sa mal docieliť automatizovaným prispôsobením exportu záznamov o tokoch prevádzky k aktuálnemu stavu siete.

  13. Snaha o udržateľný spôsob života sa začína na tanieri každého Slováka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Rodáková

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available „V dňoch ako je tento si znovu uvedomujem, čo som vám tvrdil už stokrát: so svetom nie je nič v neporiadku. V neporiadku je náš pohľad na svet.“ Henry Miller Aj toto je jeden z citátov, ktoré na mňa ako na mladého a stále tvárneho človeka zapôsobili. Neraz sa práve moja generácia nazýva apatickou, bez snahy niečo zmeniť, vyrastajúcou v obkľúčení kníh, tabuliek, vzorcov a iných bariér, chrániacich ju pred skutočným svetom a uvedomením si priorít. Téma smerovania Slovenska v uplynulom desaťročí je pre mňa aktuálnou hlavne z toho dôvodu, že vzhľadom na môj vek práve toto obdobie intenzívnejšie vnímam a nie som zdeformovaná staršími názormi na ekológiu a trvalú udržateľnosť, od ktorých sa staršia generácia často nedokáže odosobniť.

  14. Estimation of Avalanche Hazard in the Settlement of Magurka using Elba+ Model / Posúdenie Ohrozenosti Osady Magurky Lavínami S Použitím Modelu Elba+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartík Martin

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available V našej študií sme sa zamerali na moderné softvérové aplikácie umožňujúce simuláciu lavíny. Použili sme model ELBA+, pomocou ktorého sme snažili zhodnotiť ohrozenosť horského prostredia v okolí starej banskej osady Magurka (1 036 m n. m., ktorá leží v závere Ľupčianskej doline pod hlavným hrebeňom Nízkych Tatier. Do histórie sa zapísala hlavne lavína v doline Ďurková zo 14. marca 1970, ktorá dodnes patrí medzi najväčšie lavíny zaznamenané na Slovensku. S použitím archívnych údajov Strediska lavínovej prevencie v Jasnej sme sa pokúsili o jej čo najvernejšiu rekonštrukciu. Následne sme sa pokúsili o simuláciu lavíny v doline Viedenka pri použití rovnakej výšky snehu v odtrhovom pásme ako sa predpokladá pri lavíne v roku 1970. Keďže časť osady Magurka je situovaných pri ústí tejto doliny, ktorá má priamejší aj kratší priebeh ako dolina Ďurková, skúmali sme možnosť jej zásahu lavínou.

  15. Posmrtna oprema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Iwasaki

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Časna majka podigne pogled prema nebu kao da na njemu traži Božji znak dok joj je u očima oteklim od cjelonoćne molitve zablistala suza.– Kažete, sestro, da stari profesor odbija ići na misu?– Tako je, časna majko. Osim toga proklinje i vrijeđa presvetu Djevicu Mariju.– Nije važno, sestro. Odvedite ga u šetnju vrtom.– Da, časna majko.– Sestro…– Molim, časna majko?– Neka izgleda kao nesreća. Jedne noći nisam mogao zaspati, pa mi je mama stavila pod jastuk knjigu Put u središte Zemlje, rekla je da ću, ako brzo zaspim, sanjati baš te pustolovine. I kako sam te noći sanjao da sam se spustio do samog središta Zemlje, otada svake noći pod jastuk stavljam knjige, stripove i časopise koje želim sanjati. Kada sam se upisao na fakultet, oduševljeno sam otkrio da trik funkcionira s bilješkama, videosnimkama i fotografijama mojih kolegica. Tako sam diplomirao s najboljim ocjenama, zaradio gomilu novca i ostvario što god sam si zacrtao, sve dok mi večeras supruga nije zaprijetila da će me ostaviti ako ne bacim u smeće taj prastari jastuk iz djetinjstva. Jedva sam je uspio nagovoriti da na njemu odspava do jutra i sama otkrije zbog čega mi se toliko sviđa.

  16. Importance of automatic threshold for image segmentation for accurate measurement of fine roots of woody plants / Význam automatického prahovania na obrazovú segmentáciu pre presné merania jemných koreňov drevín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surový Peter

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Jemné korene sú považované za kľúčové orgány zabezpečujúce prežitie rastliny, jej rast a produkciu. Merania jemných koreňov sú ľahko a pohodlne vykonávateľné pomocou digitálneho obrazu. Popisné veličiny ako plocha koreňov, ich povrch, celková dĺžka či hrúbková štruktúra sa dajú získať z digitálneho obrazu. Analýza digitálneho obrazu pozostáva z niekoľkých krokov, z ktorých každý predstavuje potenciálny zdroj chyby merania. V tomto článku sa zameriavame na automatickú segmentáciu prahovaním a jej vplyv na veličiny získavané z digitálnych skenov jemných koreňov korkového duba (Quercus suber L.. Porovnávame 16 rôznych prahovacích metód a ich správnosť v porovnaní s binárnymi obrazmi vytvorenými ľudským hodnotiteľom. Zistili sme, že niektoré prahovacie metódy dávajú lepšie výsledky ako ostatné v odhade plochy koreňov, ale pred odhad dĺžky koreňov je poradie metód podľa ich správnosti len mierne odlišné

  17. Miguel Ángel González de San Segundo (coord.,, Un jurista aragonés y su tiempo. El doctor Juan Luis López primer Marqués del Risco (1644-1703, Gobierno de Aragón, Zaragoza, 2007, 704 págs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Hierrezuelo Conde

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available En esta obra colectiva se estudia la persona de Juan Luis López (1644-1703, marqués del Risco y jurista aragonés de familia originaria de la localidad de Escarrilla, en el Valle de Tena. Fue doctor en Leyes por la Universidad de Zaragoza, y llegó a ocupar los cargos de alcalde del crimen de la Audiencia de Lima el 23 de octubre de 1681, gobernador de Huancavelica, y más tarde regente del Supremo Consejo de Aragón y primer marqués del Risco. Uno de los títulos más destacados que poseía Juan Luis López era el estatuto especial de la infanzonía, que fue solicitado y aprobado por su padre Juan Lamberto López para sí y para la totalidad de sus hijos en 1656, y reflejaba la pertenencia a una clase noble que gozaba de una serie de privilegios. Finalizado su cargo como magistrado en las Indias, se integró en la administración central de la Corona aragonesa en el año 1694, y más tarde en el consejo de Aragón, obteniendo además el título de marqués del Risco a comienzos del reinado de Felipe V. Entre sus obras más importantes destacan: De Origine Iustitiae, sive Iudicis Medii, Aragonum. Exercitatio. Cum annotatis (1678, y Ad Nonnullos Aragoniae Foros Emendationes (1679.

  18. ALGORITM PENTRU DETERMINAREA STRATEGIILOR OPTIME STAŢIONARE ÎN PROBLEMELE STOCASTICE DE CONTROL OPTIMAL DISCRET PE REŢELE DECIZIONALE CU MULTIPLE CLASE RECURENTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria CAPCELEA

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este elaborat şi argumentat teoretic un algoritm eficient pentru determinarea strategiilor optime staţionare în proble-mele stocastice de control optimal discret cu perioada de dirijare infinită, definite pe reţele decizionale cu multiple clase recurente, în care este aplicat criteriul de optimizare a combinaţiei convexe a costurilor medii în clasele recurente. Sunt examinate probleme în care costurile de tranziţie între stările sistemului dinamic şi probabilităţile de tranziţie, definite în stările necontrolabile, sunt constante independente de timp. Algoritmul elaborat este bazat pe modelul de programare liniară pentru determinarea strategiilor optime în problemele de control definite pe reţele decizionale perfecte [3,4].AN ALGORITHM FOR DETERMINING STATIONARY OPTIMAL STRATEGIES FOR STOCHASTIC DISCRETE OPTIMAL CONTROL PROBLEMS DEFINED ON NETWORKS WITH MULTIPLE RECURRENT CLASSESAn efficient algorithm for determining optimal stationary strategies for the stochastic discrete optimal control problems with infinite time horizon is developed and theoretically justified. The problems are defined on decision networks with multiple recurrent classes. The average costs convex combination optimization criterion is applied. We examine problems in which the costs of transitions between the states of the dynamic system and transition probabilities, defined on the uncontrollable states, are constants independent on time. The algorithm is based on the linear programming model developed for determining optimal strategies in control problems defined on perfect decision networks [3,4].

  19. Similar foliage area but contrasting foliage biomass between young beech and spruce stands / Porovnateľná plocha avšak kontrastná biomasa asimilačných orgánov medzi mladými porastmi buka a smreka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konôpka Bohdan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Výskum sa zameral na mladé porasty buka lesného (Fagus sylvatica a smreka obyčajného (Picea abies rovnakého veku (12 rokov, veľmi podobných dimenzií stromov, rastúcich na totožnom stanovišti. Na základe odberu vzorníkov celých stromov (všetky časti okrem jemných koreňov sme skonštruovali alometrické vzťahy pre stromové komponenty. Ako nezávislá premenná sa použila hrúbka na báze kmeňa (d0. Modely vyjadrili nielen biomasu konárov, kmeňa, hrubých koreňov a asimilačných orgánov, ale aj plochu asimilačných orgánov a špecifickú listovú plochu (specific leaf area; SLA. Zistili sme, že základné morfologické vlastnosti asimilačných orgánov varírovali pri obidvoch drevinách pozdĺž vertikálneho profilu koruny. V prípade smreka sa zistili odlišné hodnoty plochy ihlíc a SLA medzi jednotlivými ročníkmi ihlíc. Na úrovni stromu mali buky oveľa viac biomasy drevných častí ako smreky, opačná situácia bola pri asimilačných orgánoch. Preto hodnoty podielu medzi biomasou asimilačných orgánov a celkovou biomasou stromu, ako aj pomeru medzi plochou asimilačných orgánov a celkovou biomasou stromu boli výrazne vyššie pri smreku než buku. Na úrovni porastu mala smrečina vyššie hodnoty indexu listovej plochy, t. j. LAI (18,64 m2.m−2 v porovnaní s bučinou (12,77 m2.m−2. Kým biomasa asimilačných orgánov bola 4,6-krát väčšia v smrekovom než v bukovom poraste, biomasa drevných časti bola porovnateľná v obidvoch porastoch. Tieto kontrasty naznačujú výrazne odlišnú rastovú stratégiu, resp. alokáciu biomasy medzi bučinami a smrečinami v mladých štádiách

  20. THE INFLUENCE OF FLOOR QUALITY ON DAIRY COW BEHAVIOUR AND THEIR BODY CLEANLINESS VPLYV KVALITY PODLAHY NA SPRÁVANIE DOJNÍC A ICH ČISTOTU POVRCHU TELA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emília KUŠNÍROVÁ

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of floor quality on the behaviour and cleanliness of the diary cow‘s body. The analysis results show that cows housed in the section with the separated manure solids spent more time lying (41.47% and also laid less in the corridor manure (0.91% than the cows in the section with separated manure solids and the rubber mats where they were laying generally less (35.71%, they spent more time lying in the corridor manure (1.55% and in terms of preference of lying area the cows clearly preferred the separated manure solids (25.8%. Based on observations we can say that cows housed in sections of slurry solid phase were cleaner (average 6.13 points than cows in the section with the rubber and a separated manure (averagely 7.28 points. Nowadays the free housing systems with different types of litter and boxes are frequently used, while the proper littering influences the lying preferences of an animal. In practice, for the dairy cows the deepened lying boxes littered with natural materials such as sawdust, shavings, straw, dried manure and sand boxes or elevated boxes covered with a synthetic material, mattresses or mats are used.Cieľom práce bolo zhodnotiť vplyv kvality podlahy na správanie a čistotu povrchu tela dojníc. Z analýzy výsledkov vyplýva, že dojnice ustajnené v sekcii so separovaným kalom hnojovice venovali ležaniu väčšiu časť (41,47% a ležali aj menej v hnojnej chodbe (0,91% ako dojnice v sekcii so separovaným kalom hnojovice aj gumenými matracmi, kde dojnice celkovo menej ležali (35,71%, viac času ležali v hnojnej chodbe (1,55% a z hľadiska uprednostňovania ležoviska ležali jednoznačne viac na separovanom kale hnojovice (25,8%. Na základe pozorovaní možno povedať, že dojnice ustajnené v sekciách so separovaným kalom hnojovice boli čistejšie (priemerne 6,13 bodov ako dojnice v sekcii so separovaným kalom hnojovice aj gumou (priemerne 7,28 bodov. V s

  1. Primjena spektrometrijskih metoda u analizi metalurških uzoraka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Štrkalj

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Instrumentalne metode analize nezamjenjive su u znanstvenim istraživanjima, a sve više i u praksi gdje se zahtijeva što brže dobivanje rezultata, kao i što veća točnost. U metalurškoj praksi već se dulji niz godina primjenjuju spektrometrijske metode analize i to najčešće optička emisijska spektrometrija s izravnim očitanjem. Međutim koncentracija pojedinih legirnih elemenata u suvremenim metalnim materijalima vrlo je niska, često niža od granice detekcije optičkih emisijskih spektrometara s izravnim očitanjem. U ovom radu određivana je koncentracija bora u nodularnom lijevu primjenom optičke emisijske spektrometrije s izravnim očitanjem (OES, optičke emisijske spektrometrije s induktivno spregnutom plazmom (ICP-OES te atomske apsorpcijske spektrometrije s grafitnom tehnikom (AAS-GF. Dobiveni rezultati pokazali su da se optička emisijska spektrometrija s izravnim očitanjem i optička emisijska spektrometrija s induktivno spregnutom plazmom mogu primijeniti za određivanje bora u ispitivanim uzorcima (tablica 1. Ako se zahtijeva vrlo točna analiza, a posebno ako se radi o vrlo niskim koncentracijama, optička emisijska spektrometrija s induktivno spregnutom plazmom pogodnija je metoda, uz uvjet da su uzorci pravilno pripremljeni. Atomska apsorpcijska spektrometrija s grafitnom tehnikom nije pogodna za određivanje bora u uzorcima ovog tipa. Tijekom provođenja analize dodatna pažnja usmjerena je na eliminaciju negativnog utjecaja grafitne kivete na rezultat analize. Osim toga, u radu je praćen utjecaj načina otapanja uzoraka na rezultate analize bora spomenutim metodama. Rezultati su pokazali da pažljiva priprema uzoraka u zatvorenom sustavu pridonosi točnijem rezultatu analize.

  2. Afferent input selects NMDA receptor subtype to determine the persistency of hippocampal LTP in freely behaving mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Javier Ballesteros

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR is critically involved in many forms of hippocampus-dependent memory that may be enabled by synaptic plasticity. Behavioral studies with NMDAR antagonists and NMDAR subunit (GluN2 mutants revealed distinct contributions from GluN2A- and GluN2B-containing NMDARs to rapidly and slowly acquired memory performance. Furthermore, studies of synaptic plasticity, in genetically modified mice in vitro, suggest that GluN2A and GluN2B may contribute in different ways to the induction and longevity of synaptic plasticity. In contrast to the hippocampal slice preparation, in behaving mice, the afferent frequencies that induce synaptic plasticity are very restricted and specific. In fact, it is the stimulus pattern, and not variations in afferent frequency that determine the longevity of long-term potentiation (LTP. Here, we explored the contribution of GluN2A and GluN2B to LTP of differing magnitudes and persistencies in freely behaving mice. We applied differing high-frequency stimulation (HFS patterns at 100 Hz to the hippocampal CA1 region, to induce NMDAR-dependent LTP in wild-type (WT mice, that endured for 24h (late (L-LTP. In GluN2A-KO mice, E-LTP (HFS, 50 pulses was significantly reduced in magnitude and duration, whereas LTP (HFS, 2 x 50 pulses and L-LTP (HFS, 4 x 50 pulses were unaffected compared to responses in WT animals. By contrast, pharmacological antagonism of GluN2B in WT had no effect on E-LTP but significantly prevented LTP. E- LTP and LTP were significantly impaired by GluN2B antagonism in GluN2A-KO mice. These data indicate that the pattern of afferent stimulation is decisive for the recruitment of distinct GluN2A and GluN2B signaling pathways that in turn determine the persistency of hippocampal LTP. Whereas brief bursts of patterned stimulation preferentially recruit GluN2A and lead to weak and short-lived forms of LTP, prolonged, more intense, afferent activation recruits GluN2B

  3. Sergej Dovlatov: Kofer /S ruskog preveo Petar Karavlah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petar Karavlah

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Kuja iz Ureda za vize rekla je: „Svaki emigrant ima pravo na tri kofera. Takva je norma. To su posebni propisi ministarstva.“Nije imalo smisla proturječiti. Ali ipak sam morao: „Samo tri kofera?! Što bih trebao sa stvarima?“„Na primjer?“„Na primjer, sa svojom zbirkom trkaćih auta?“„Prodajte je“, odsutno odgovori službenica. Zatim doda, lagano se namrštivši: „Ako nečim niste zadovoljni, podnesite žalbu.“„Zadovoljan sam.“Nakon zatvora bio sam svime zadovoljan.„Pa onda se i ponašajte tako.“Za tjedan dana već sam pakirao stvari. Ispostavilo se da mi je bio dovoljan jedan jedini kofer. Gotovo sam zaplakao od muke. Pa imao sam trideset i šest godina. Od toga sam osamnaest godina radio. Zaradio bih pa kupio nešto. Mislio sam da imam nekakvu imovinu. A na kraju – jedan kofer. I to prilično skromnih dimenzija. Ispada da sam siromah? Kako je do toga došlo?Knjige? Imao sam uglavnom zabranjene knjige. One nisu prolazile kroz carinu. Morao sam ih podijeliti poznanicima zajedno s takozvanim arhivom.

  4. Organizacija tehnološkog procesa remonta složenih tehničkih sistema u tehničkom remontnom zavodu u Čačku

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojkan M. Radonjić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Složeni tehnički sistemi (STS od ostalih tehničkih sistema (TS razlikuju se po konstrukciji i nameni, koja može biti: zaštita ljudi, materijalnih bogatstava i teritorije. Ako želimo da STS budu ispravni i imaju zadovoljavajući nivo pouzdanosti i gotovosti,  sistem remonta mora biti u stanju da podrži zahteve koji proističu iz njihove specifičnosti. Sistem njihovog remonta mora biti programiran, a upravljanje njime zasnovano na konceptu QMS (Quality management system. Organizacija remonta STS za potrebe sistema odbrane Republike Srbije, u Tehničkom remontnom zavodu u Čačku (TRZ, primer je organizacije u koju je implementiran  procesni model sistema upravljanja kvalitetom (QMS. Ovaj članak opisuje proces remonta STS u TRZ sa njegovim procesnim sistemom upravljanja kvalitetom (QMS, koji je preduslov za efikasan i efektivan proces remonta. Proces remonta prikazan je na primeru remonta guseničnog borbenog vozila. 

  5. Obligations Related to the Transportation of pet Animals (Eu Legislation / Povinnosti Súvisiace S Prepravou Spoločenských Zvierat (Európska Legislatíva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlíková Barbara

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Prispevok sa zaobera otazkou, ktoru často riešia majitelia spoločenskych zvierat vo všetkych členskych štatoch EU. Poskytuje bližši pohľad na povinnosti spojene s cestovanim so zvieraťom medzi členskymi štatmi, alebo medzi členskym štatom a treťou - nečlenskou krajinou. Zameriava sa na nekomerčnu prepravu, ako je napriklad dovolenka, vylet a podobne. Praca prostrednictvom syntezy, analyzy a porovnania ponuka prehľad zakladnych legislativnych aktov v predmetnej oblasti. Venuje sa tiež otazke tzv. pet pasu, najdoležitejšieho identifikačneho dokladu, vyžadovaneho pre spoločenske zvierata na uzemi EU. Možno v nej najsť aj definicie najčastejšie použivanej terminologie.

  6. The saker falcon (Falco cherrug population, diet and nest boxes in Slovakia: LIFE-project report 2011–2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chavko Jozef

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Od októbra 201 0 do decembra 201 4 bol realizovaný projekt LIFE09 NAT/HU/000384 v štyroch Chránených vtácích územiach na Slovensku. Projekt nadviazal na predchádzajúci LIFE projekt, realizovaný v rokoch 2006 až 201 0. Oba projekty podporovali pravidelné sledovanie populácie sokola rároha a nové prístupy pre zachovanie druhu. Projekt LIFE09 prispel k zvýšeniu poznatkov o zložení potravy a rovnako aj o správaní sa tohto druhu. Populácia bola silne ovplyvnená v roku 201 3 mimoriadne zlými poveternostnými podmienkami pocasia (1 ,79 vyleteného mládata na zapocaté hniezdenie. Aj ked sa predpokladá, že celková populácia je vyššia, v roku 201 4 bolo zistených na Slovensku spolu 31 párov sokola rároha. Analýzou potravy (2991 jedincov, bolo identifikovaných 47 druhov koristi, z ktorých vtáky boli dominantné (80 %. Viac ako polovicu potravy tvoril holub domáci (Columba livia f. domestica (59 %

  7. Krizni menadžment u funkciji nove teorije menadžmenta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Legčević

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Današnji globalizacijski trendovi zahvatili su cijeli svijet i nemoguće je u njima ne sudjelovati. Svijet je u svim svojim pojavnostima postao uistinu međuovisan pa više nije moguće ignorirati novonastale promjene, a zbog kompleksnosti sustava teško je u njemu uspostaviti ravnotežu. Krize danas pogađaju gospodarske subjekte, političke i državne institucije, kao i različite druge organizacije, ali i čovjeka kao osobu. Krizni menadžment je bolji i učinkovitiji ako je krizna strategija određena pravovremeno. Svaka kriza ima svoj put za rješenje, ali je potrebno dobro razmotriti elemente koji ulaze u procjenu rizika s kojima se ulazi u krizu ili kriznu situaciju. Najbolji je način prevencije i obrane od krize osposobiti vlastito osoblje ili utemeljiti krizni stožer u kojemu će se nalaziti stručnjaci kojima su poznati svi alati i sva sredstva s pomoću kojih će se moći predvidjeti i riješiti kriza.

  8. Reducing urban diffuse pollution and surface water flooding using retrofit street trees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwell, James; Stringer, Pete; Causer, Katherine; Ryan, Matt; Mangan, Steve; Appleton, Ian; Savage, Mike

    2016-04-01

    Nature-based solutions for the management of urban stormwater have been growing in popularity, but there is a lack of empirical performance data for field-scale installations, especially in a UK context. To address this deficiency, a novel retrofit street tree demonstration project was commissioned in the City of Salford, near Manchester (UK). Three fifteen year-old London Plane trees were planted within a large roadside tree trench on an urban residential street. The DeepRoot Silvia Cell modular suspended pavement system was used to maximise soil volume, avoid compaction and support large tree growth. Road runoff is directed to the tree trench via AKO Slot Kerbs. Water is then distributed evenly throughout the whole system via a perforated pipe. Excess water is conveyed out of the system via an underdrain, which is subsequently connected to the sewer network. The tree trench is lined with an impermeable membrane. Access chambers are positioned on the inflow and outflow of the tree trench to facilitate hydrological and water quality monitoring. Installation was completed in autumn 2015 and monitoring will be conducted over a three year period. This paper will provide an overview of the installation process and present initial results on the pollutant removal performance and hydrological functioning of the system.

  9. Úloha UNASUR v latinskoamerických integračných procesoch na začiatku 21. storočia

    OpenAIRE

    Marián Šabo

    2013-01-01

    Jedným z najnovších a najambicióznejších integračných zoskupení v Latinskej Amerike je Únia juhoamerických národov (UNASUR), vytvorená v roku 2008 na podporu regionálnej integrácie v otázkach demokracie, vzdelávania, energetiky, životného prostredia, infraštruktúry a bezpečnosti a so zámerom odstrániť sociálnu nerovnosť a vylúčenie. Vytvorená je podľa vzoru Európskej únie a rovnako ako EÚ má UNASUR veľmi rozsiahle a ambiciózne ciele. Hlavným cieľom UNASUR je politická, ekonomická, sociálna a ...

  10. 2011 Einstein Fellows Chosen

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ASA has announced the selection of the 2011 Einstein Fellows who will conduct research related to NASA's Physics of the Cosmos program, which aims to expand our knowledge of the origin, evolution, and fate of the Universe. The Einstein Fellowship provides support to the awardees for three years, and the Fellows may pursue their research at a host university or research center of their choosing in the United States. The new Fellows will begin their programs in the fall of 2011. The new Einstein Fellows and their host institutions are listed below: * Akos Bogdan (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Mass.) * Samuel Gralla (University of Maryland, College Park, Md.) * Philip Hopkins (University of California at Berkeley) * Matthew Kunz (Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.) * Laura Lopez (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.) * Amy Reines (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, Virg.) * Rubens Reis (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor) * Ken Shen (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif.) * Jennifer Siegal-Gaskins (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena) * Lorenzo Sironi (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.) NASA has two other astrophysics theme-based fellowship programs: the Sagan Fellowship Program, which supports research into exoplanet exploration, and the Hubble Fellowship Program, which supports research into cosmic origins. More information on the Einstein Fellowships can be found at: http://cxc.harvard.edu/fellows/

  11. Řídicí modul BLDC motoru

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá návrhom a realizáciou hardvéru a softvéru pre riadenie a reguláciu vysokootáčkového pohonu s BLDC motorom, ktorý bude slúžiť ako vreteno pre CNC frézovačku. V práci je podrobne popísaný návrh schémy zapojenia a dosky plošných spojov silovej časti, riadiacej časti a napájacej časti trojfázového tranzistorového meniča riadeného DSP procesorom. Taktiež je podrobne popísaný program DSP procesora pre riadenie a reguláciu BLDC motora, ktorého funkcia je overovaná pomocou ...

  12. Resposta taquicárdica e controle autonômico no exercício físico em modelo genético de insuficiência cardíaca Tachycardic response and autonomic control in physical exercise in genetic model of cardiac insufficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telma F. Cunha

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available O aumento da atividade nervosa simpática e a taquicardia em repouso ou durante esforços físicos estão associados ao aumento da morbimortalidade, mesmo na ausência de sinais clínicos de doença cardíaca. Sabendo-se da importância dos receptores α2A/α2C-adrenérgicos na modulação da atividade nervosa e frequência cardíaca (FC, o presente trabalho utiliza um modelo genético de cardiomiopatia induzida por excesso de catecolaminas circulantes baseado na inativação gênica dos receptores α2A/α2C-adrenérgicos em camundongos (α2A/α2CKO para verificar a resposta da FC ao exercício físico (EF, assim como o controle simpatovagal da FC ao EF. Testou-se a hipótese de que haveria resposta taquicárdica exacerbada durante o EF nos camundongos α2A/α2CKO mesmo quando a função cardíaca ainda estivesse preservada em repouso, sendo o receptor α2A-adrenérgico o principal responsável por essa resposta. Camundongos machos da linhagem C57Bl6J, controle (CO e com inativação gênica para os receptores α2A (α2AKO, α2C α2CKO e α2A/α2CKO foram submetidos a um teste de tolerância ao esforço físico. Outros dois grupos de camundongos, CO e α2A/α2CKO, foram submetidos ao bloqueio farmacológico dos receptores muscarínicos e β-adrenérgicos e ao EF progressivo para se avaliar a contribuição simpatovagal para a taquicardia de EF. Observou-se intolerância ao esforço físico (1.220 ± 18 e 1.460 ± 34 vs. 2.630 ± 42m, respectivamente e maior taquicardia ao EF (765 ± 16 e 792 ± 13 vs. 603 ± 18bpm, respectivamente nos camundongos α2AKO e α2A/α2CKO vs. CO. Além disso, o balanço autonômico estava alterado nos camundongos α2A/α2CKO pela hiperatividade simpática e menor efeito vagal cardíaco. Esses resultados demonstram a importância dos receptores α2A/α2C-adrenérgicos no controle autonômico não só no repouso, mas também durante o EF, sendo o receptor α2A-adrenérgico o responsável pela hiperatividade simp

  13. Produkce vodíku s využitím bakterií rodu Clostridium

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Bakalárska práca sa zaoberá produkciou vodíka baktériami rodu Clostridium – konkrétne C. butyricum a C. tyrobutyricum. V teoretickej časti sú rozobrané spôsoby výroby vodíka, rozdelené na biologické a nebiologické metódy. Práca sa ďalej zameriava na praktické využitie vyššie uvedených mikroorganizmov na účely výroby vodíku. Ako jedno z možných rastových médií pre vyššie uvedené baktérie predstavuje srvátku z mliekarenských výrob. V experimentálnej časti práce bola použitá polymerázová reťazov...

  14. Mikroprogram pre riadenie procesu spájania operandov v architektúre DF KPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norbert Ádám

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available V článku uvedená architektúra je založená na výpočtovom modeli „data flow“, v ktorom riadenie výpočtu je založené na spracovaní toku dát. Základným prvkom DF architektúry je koordinačný procesor (CP, ktorý je zodpovedný za riadenie a organizáciu vykonávania inštrukcií. Štruktúrna organizácia CP je navrhnutá ako dynamický multifunkčný systém. Pri vykonávaní operácií môže CP prechádzať rôznymi stavmi, v dôsledku čoho táto jednotka predstavuje dynamický prúdový systém. Prechod a poradie prechodu medzi jednotlivými stavmi CP je podmienený typom spracovaného operátora pri interpretovaní prúdu operandov. Z možných typov operátorov, článok uvádza mikroprogramové riadenie pre jednovstupové operátory.

  15. Identification and Pharmacological Analysis of High Efficacy Small Molecule Inhibitors of EGF-EGFR Interactions in Clinical Treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: a Computational Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gudala, Suresh; Khan, Uzma; Kanungo, Niteesh; Bandaru, Srinivas; Hussain, Tajamul; Parihar, Ms; Nayarisseri, Anuraj; Mundluru, Hema Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Inhibition of EGFR-EGF interactions forms an important therapeutic rationale in treatment of non-small cell lung carcinoma. Established inhibitors have been successful in reducing proliferative processes observed in NSCLC, however patients suffer serious side effects. Considering the narrow therapeutic window of present EGFR inhibitors, the present study centred on identifying high efficacy EGFR inhibitors through structure based virtual screening strategies. Established inhibitors - Afatinib, Dacomitinib, Erlotinib, Lapatinib, Rociletinib formed parent compounds to retrieve similar compounds by linear fingerprint based tanimoto search with a threshold of 90%. The compounds (parents and respective similars) were docked at the EGF binding cleft of EGFR. Patch dock supervised protein-protein interactions were established between EGF and ligand (query and similar) bound and free states of EGFR. Compounds ADS103317, AKOS024836912, AGN-PC-0MXVWT, GNF-Pf-3539, SCHEMBL15205939 were retrieved respectively similar to Afatinib, Dacomitinib, Erlotinib, Lapatinib, Rociletinib. Compound- AGN-PC-0MXVWT akin to Erlotinib showed highest affinity against EGFR amongst all the compounds (parent and similar) assessed in the study. Further, AGN-PC-0MXVWT brought about significant blocking of EGFR-EGF interactions in addition showed appreciable ADMET properties and pharmacophoric features. In the study, we report AGN-PC-0MXVWT to be an efficient and high efficacy inhibitor of EGFR-EGF interactions identified through computational approaches.

  16. Transport, metabolism, and endosomal trafficking-dependent regulation of intestinal fructose absorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Chirag; Douard, Veronique; Yu, Shiyan; Gao, Nan; Ferraris, Ronaldo P

    2015-09-01

    Dietary fructose that is linked to metabolic abnormalities can up-regulate its own absorption, but the underlying regulatory mechanisms are not known. We hypothesized that glucose transporter (GLUT) protein, member 5 (GLUT5) is the primary fructose transporter and that fructose absorption via GLUT5, metabolism via ketohexokinase (KHK), as well as GLUT5 trafficking to the apical membrane via the Ras-related protein-in-brain 11 (Rab11)a-dependent endosomes are each required for regulation. Introducing fructose but not lysine and glucose solutions into the lumen increased by 2- to 10-fold the heterogeneous nuclear RNA, mRNA, protein, and activity levels of GLUT5 in adult wild-type mice consuming chow. Levels of GLUT5 were >100-fold that of candidate apical fructose transporters GLUTs 7, 8, and 12 whose expression, and that of GLUT 2 and the sodium-dependent glucose transporter protein 1 (SGLT1), was not regulated by luminal fructose. GLUT5-knockout (KO) mice exhibited no facilitative fructose transport and no compensatory increases in activity and expression of SGLT1 and other GLUTs. Fructose could not up-regulate GLUT5 in GLUT5-KO, KHK-KO, and intestinal epithelial cell-specific Rab11a-KO mice. The fructose-specific metabolite glyceraldehyde did not increase GLUT5 expression. GLUT5 is the primary transporter responsible for facilitative absorption of fructose, and its regulation specifically requires fructose uptake and metabolism and normal GLUT5 trafficking to the apical membrane.

  17. Založení internetové cestovní agentury

    OpenAIRE

    Solárik, Róbert

    2011-01-01

    Táto diplomová práca sa zameriava na vytvorenie podnikateľského zámeru pre online cestovnú agentúru s cieľom zistiť, či je ekonomicky výhodné začať podnikať v turistickom ruchu ako predajca zájazdov cez internet. Táto práca tiež vykonáva analýzy okolia a podáva odporučenia vo forme časového harmonogramu, marketingového plánu, operačného plánu a finančného plánu. Na základe predpokladaných finančných výkazov hodnotí ekonomickú výhodnosť projektu. This dissertation thesis focuses on creating...

  18. Progresivní využití neuronových sítí v telekomunikacích

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Ciežom tento prace bolo zoznámiť sa so sieťovými prvkami konvergovaných sieti. V dnes dobe sa kladie na sieťové prvky vežký dôraz preto je dôležité ako bude riešená priorita. V teoretická časť sa zaobera sieťovými prvkami a neurónovými sieťami. Neurónové siete boli rozoberané od vzniku až po súčastnosť. Úlohou bolo navrhnúť topologiu neurónovej, ktorá by dokázala riadiť sieťový prvok. Jedná sa o trojvrstvovú preceptrónovú sieť so štyrmy vstupmy a jedným výstupom. Simulácia bola uskutočnená v ...

  19. Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pudritz, Ralph; Higgs, Paul; Stone, Jonathon

    2013-01-01

    Preface; Part I. Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life: 1. Observations of extrasolar planetary systems Shay Zucker; 2. The atmospheres of extrasolar planets L. Jeremy Richardson and Sara Seager; 3. Terrestrial planet formation Edward Thommes; 4. Protoplanetary disks, amino acids and the genetic code Paul Higgs and Ralph Pudritz; 5. Emergent phenomena in biology: the origin of cellular life David Deamer; Part II. Life on Earth: 6. Extremophiles: defining the envelope for the search for life in the Universe Lynn Rothschild; 7. Hyperthermophilic life on Earth - and on Mars? Karl Stetter; 8. Phylogenomics: how far back in the past can we go? Henner Brinkmann, Denis Baurain and Hervé Philippe; 9. Horizontal gene transfer, gene histories and the root of the tree of life Olga Zhaxybayeva and J. Peter Gogarten; 10. Evolutionary innovation versus ecological incumbency Adolf Seilacher; 11. Gradual origins for the Metazoans Alexandra Pontefract and Jonathan Stone; Part III. Life in the Solar System?: 12. The search for life on Mars Chris McKay; 13. Life in the dark dune spots of Mars: a testable hypothesis Eörs Szathmary, Tibor Ganti, Tamas Pocs, Andras Horvath, Akos Kereszturi, Szaniszlo Berzci and Andras Sik; 14. Titan: a new astrobiological vision from the Cassini-Huygens data François Raulin; 15. Europa, the Ocean Moon: tides, permeable ice, and life Richard Greenberg; Index.

  20. Termoplastické kompozity pro automobilové aplikace

    OpenAIRE

    Zbončák, Marek

    2014-01-01

    Diplomová práca sa zaoberá prípravou teromplastických kompzoitov s PMMA a PC matricou s potenciálnym využitím v automobilovom priemysle. Ako výstuž boli použité krátke sklenené, uhlíkové a PBO (poly(p-fenylén benzobisoxazol)) vlákna známe pod obchodným názvom Zylon®. Práve do PBO vlákien boli vkladané veľké nádeje vzhľadom na ich ohromujúce mechanické vlastnosti. Vplyv objemového zlomku vlákien na modulu pružnosti, pevnosť a ťažnosť kompozitov bol skúmaný. Experimentálne zistený modul pružnos...

  1. "Trojitá hra" - FTTH

    OpenAIRE

    Bobkovič, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Tento projekt sa zaoberá možnosťami realizácie pripojenia poslednej míle k užívatežovi pomocou FTTH, čo je optika až do domu. Celá práca je rozdelená na 2 časti a to všeobecný prehžad FTTH a vlastné meranie. Vo všeobecnom prehžade sú postupne uvedené druhy sietí FTTH, problematika s FTTH spojená, zmapovaná situácia vo svete a trojitá hra (cenník, ponuka TV a pod.). Vo druhej časti je vypracované postupné zmeranie a výsledky troch vykonaných meraní (PPM, OTDR, priama metóda) ako aj vzhžad čist...

  2. Empowering student leaders to nurture the first year experience through cross-cultural diversity. A Practice Report Nāu te raurau, Nāku te raurau, ka ora ai te iwi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah Laurs

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Victoria University offers a number of peer-support and mentoring programs for first-year students, including Te Pūtahi Atawahi (mentoring and holistic support for Māori and Pasifika students, PASS (Peer Assisted Study Support and Campus Coaches (Orientation Week guides. In the past, despite having similar goals of providing peer-support to foster a sense of community, such programs have operated in isolation. However, a recent initiative has seen the development of a core leadership training module, jointly designed and delivered by staff from Te Pūtahi Atawhai and Student Learning Support. Seeking to equip student-leaders with an understanding of some of the holistic Māori values, Kotahitanga (unity, Ako (teaching and learning, Manaakitanga (empathy/hospitality, Whakamana (respect, Whakanui (acknowledging success, Whakawhanaungatanga (building strong networks and Rangatiratanga (ability to bring groups together/Self-direction, this core training offers the potential to strengthen Treaty of Waitangi relationships and nurture inter-cultural awareness, developing a pan-university sense of belongingness in the process. 

  3. Lietuvių kalbos postpoziciniai vietininkai

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zigmas Zinkevičius

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available POSTPOSITIONAL LOCATIVES IN LITHUANIANSummaryThe paper argues that postpositional locatives in Lithuanian (inessive, illative, adessive, allative are not formations of the same epoch, but rather they were formed at different times; the pro­cess of their formation must have been long and continued right up to the appearance of the first Lithuanian printed book when the case-forms fell into a decline. First came singular forms, next — plural forms. More complicated and protracted was the development of inessive and adessive case-forms.Ā- and ē-stem sg. iness. and ill. forms (e. g. šakojè, žẽmėje, šakõn, žẽmėn are considered to be the oldest. The other sg. ill. and particularly sg. iness. forms are products of later development, as they are, as a rule, constructed in the above-mentioned pattern. The paper gives a detailed analysis of the case-forms and on the basis of the analysis it argues that the singular of all postpositional locatives had already been formed and become stable by the beginning of the period of writing -nothing of the kind can be said of the plural. Only illative and allative possessed then stable plural forms.The development of pl. iness. and adess. forms was hindered by the residual ancient Indo-European locative in -su. The centre of the author's attention, however, is the interrelationship of the case-forms and particularly the origin and development of pl. iness. and adess. case-forms.On the basis of a detailed analysis of the old writings, the author argues that the pl. iness. šakosa derives not from šakose, as is generally assumed, but it presents by itself a transformed version of the older form šakosu. The form šakose is to be derived not from the pl. acc. * šakā́s + *éп, but it should be treated as a transform of šakosu от šakosa in -e from the sg. inessive, cf. šakojè. Pl. adess. šakosumpi is not a transform of šakosempi, as is generally assumed, but the older variant of the

  4. Inter- and intra-annual dynamics of height increment in young beech and spruce stands in relation to tree size and weather conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konôpka Bohdan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Počas rokov 2009-2013 sme sledovali sezónnu dynamiku výškového prírastku, ako aj celoročný výškový prírastok v bukových a smrekových mladinách rastúcich na totožnom stanovišti. Výsledky naznačili, že medziročné zmeny základných porastových charakteristík, a to najmä hustota porastu, boli výraznejšie v smrečine než v bučine. Omnoho vyššia stromová mortalita v smrečine sa vysvetlila nižšou intenzitou svetla pod korunovou vrstvou smrekov, resp. vyššou toleranciou buka na zatienenie. Veľké medzidruhové rozdiely sa zaznamenali v „načasovaní“ výškového prírastku. Konkrétne výškový prírastok bukov začal každoročne skôr ako výškový prírastok smrekov. Ďalej, terminál smrekov rástol dlhšie (približne 70 dní v porovnaní s bukmi (45 dní. Porovnanie priebehov výškových prírastkov vzhľadom na prostredie naznačilo, že principiálny vplyv mala globálna radiácia. V bučine bola maximálna intenzita výškového prírastku počas dní s maximálnou úrovňou globálnej radiácia, a to v rokoch 2009 a 2011, zároveň pokles intenzity sa objavil simultánne s poklesom globálnej radiácie počas roku 2012. V smrečine intenzita výškového prírastku predstavovala jednovrcholovú krivku - s najvyššou intenzitou prírastku v dňoch maximálnych hodnôt globálnej radiácie počas 2009 a 2012. Na druhej strane sa zaznamenal dvojvrcholový výskyt maxím intenzity výškového prírastku smrekov v 2010 a 2011. Tento jav súvisel s dočasným poklesom globálnej radiácie v týchto rokoch. Medzidruhové rozdiely v načasovaní výškového prírastku môžu mať relevanciu v prípade výskytu nepriaznivých poveternostných podmienok. Napríklad pri epizódach sucha v polovici vegetačného obdobia, keďže výškový prírastok je vtedy už ukončený pri bukoch avšak na smrekoch ešte prebieha

  5. Selected Issues of Legislation with regard to Operating Pharmacies in the Slovak Republic / Vybrané problémy právnej úpravy prevádzkovania lekární v podmienkach Slovenskej republiky

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capandová Petra

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Medzi základné práva a slobody, upravené v druhej hlave Ústavy Slovenskej republiky patrí aj právo na ochranu zdravia, bezplatnú zdravotnú starostlivosť na základe zdravotného poistenia, právo na zdravotnícke pomôcky za zákonom stanovených podmienok. Tieto práva sú garantované v ustanovení Čl. 40 Ústavy Slovenskej republiky v rámci ekonomických, sociálnych a kultúrnych práv a vzťahujú sa na každú fyzickú osobu, t. j. na človeka. Keďže sú tieto práva považované za ľudské práva v zmysle medzinárodného práva, sú garantované aj v mnohostranných medzinárodných zmluvách, ktorých signatárom je aj Slovenská republika, ako napríklad Medzinárodný pakt o hospodárskych, sociálnych a kultúrnych právach. Právna úprava prevádzkovania lekární v Slovenskej republike zahŕňa široké spektrum otázok a je pomerne rozsiahla. Snahou zákonodarcu bolo nastaviť také pravidlá, ktoré by stransparentnili a zjednodušili právne prostredie v tomto sektore. V niektorých oblastiach sú pravidlá dané legislatívou Európskej únie a slovenský právny poriadok ich iba prevzal. Najdôležitejším prvokom v tejto sfére, ktorý nie je priamo upravovaný legislatívou EÚ, je poskytovanie lekárenskej starostlivosti a využívanie systému verejného zdravotného poistenia v tejto oblasti. Hlavným cieľom príspevku je poukázať na vybrané problémy, ktoré sa spájajú s postavením prevádzkovateľa lekárne a jeho povinnosťami, ktoré mu vyplývajú zo zákona o liekoch a s ktorými sa musí ako prevádzkovateľ lekárne vysporiadať. Táto oblasť podnikania je pomerne prísne regulovaná a preto je potrebné byť oboznámený s príslušnými právnymi predpismi. Príspevok z právno-teoretického hľadiska rieši viaceré otázky upravené v zákone o liekoch, či vyhláške o správnej lekárenskej praxi.

  6. In vivo analysis of MEF2 transcription factors in synapse regulation and neuronal survival.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Waseem Akhtar

    Full Text Available MEF2 (A-D transcription factors govern development, differentiation and maintenance of various cell types including neurons. The role of MEF2 isoforms in the brain has been studied using in vitro manipulations with only MEF2C examined in vivo. In order to understand specific as well as redundant roles of the MEF2 isoforms, we generated brain-specific deletion of MEF2A and found that Mef2aKO mice show normal behavior in a range of paradigms including learning and memory. We next generated Mef2a and Mef2d brain-specific double KO (Mef2a/dDKO mice and observed deficits in motor coordination and enhanced hippocampal short-term synaptic plasticity, however there were no alterations in learning and memory, Schaffer collateral pathway long-term potentiation, or the number of dendritic spines. Since previous work has established a critical role for MEF2C in hippocampal plasticity, we generated a Mef2a, Mef2c and Mef2d brain-specific triple KO (Mef2a/c/dTKO. Mef2a/c/d TKO mice have early postnatal lethality with increased neuronal apoptosis, indicative of a redundant role for the MEF2 factors in neuronal survival. We examined synaptic plasticity in the intact neurons in the Mef2a/c/d TKO mice and found significant impairments in short-term synaptic plasticity suggesting that MEF2C is the major isoform involved in hippocampal synaptic function. Collectively, these data highlight the key in vivo role of MEF2C isoform in the brain and suggest that MEF2A and MEF2D have only subtle roles in regulating hippocampal synaptic function.

  7. In Vivo Analysis of MEF2 Transcription Factors in Synapse Regulation and Neuronal Survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Megumi; Morris, Michael J.; Qi, Xiaoxia; Richardson, James A.; Bassel-Duby, Rhonda; Olson, Eric N.; Kavalali, Ege T.; Monteggia, Lisa M.

    2012-01-01

    MEF2 (A–D) transcription factors govern development, differentiation and maintenance of various cell types including neurons. The role of MEF2 isoforms in the brain has been studied using in vitro manipulations with only MEF2C examined in vivo. In order to understand specific as well as redundant roles of the MEF2 isoforms, we generated brain-specific deletion of MEF2A and found that Mef2aKO mice show normal behavior in a range of paradigms including learning and memory. We next generated Mef2a and Mef2d brain-specific double KO (Mef2a/dDKO) mice and observed deficits in motor coordination and enhanced hippocampal short-term synaptic plasticity, however there were no alterations in learning and memory, Schaffer collateral pathway long-term potentiation, or the number of dendritic spines. Since previous work has established a critical role for MEF2C in hippocampal plasticity, we generated a Mef2a, Mef2c and Mef2d brain-specific triple KO (Mef2a/c/dTKO). Mef2a/c/d TKO mice have early postnatal lethality with increased neuronal apoptosis, indicative of a redundant role for the MEF2 factors in neuronal survival. We examined synaptic plasticity in the intact neurons in the Mef2a/c/d TKO mice and found significant impairments in short-term synaptic plasticity suggesting that MEF2C is the major isoform involved in hippocampal synaptic function. Collectively, these data highlight the key in vivo role of MEF2C isoform in the brain and suggest that MEF2A and MEF2D have only subtle roles in regulating hippocampal synaptic function. PMID:22496871

  8. Enhancement of Adipocyte Browning by Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukuda, Kana; Mogi, Masaki; Iwanami, Jun; Kanno, Harumi; Nakaoka, Hirotomo; Wang, Xiao-Li; Bai, Hui-Yu; Shan, Bao-Shuai; Kukida, Masayoshi; Higaki, Akinori; Yamauchi, Toshifumi; Min, Li-Juan; Horiuchi, Masatsugu

    2016-01-01

    Browning of white adipose tissue (WAT) has been highlighted as a new possible therapeutic target for obesity, diabetes and lipid metabolic disorders, because WAT browning could increase energy expenditure and reduce adiposity. The new clusters of adipocytes that emerge with WAT browning have been named ‘beige’ or ‘brite’ adipocytes. Recent reports have indicated that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a role in various aspects of adipose tissue physiology and dysfunction. The biological effects of angiotensin II, a major component of RAS, are mediated by two receptor subtypes, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) and type 2 receptor (AT2R). However, the functional roles of angiotensin II receptor subtypes in WAT browning have not been defined. Therefore, we examined whether deletion of angiotensin II receptor subtypes (AT1aR and AT2R) may affect white-to-beige fat conversion in vivo. AT1a receptor knockout (AT1aKO) mice exhibited increased appearance of multilocular lipid droplets and upregulation of thermogenic gene expression in inguinal white adipose tissue (iWAT) compared to wild-type (WT) mice. AT2 receptor-deleted mice did not show miniaturization of lipid droplets or alteration of thermogenic gene expression levels in iWAT. An in vitro experiment using adipose tissue-derived stem cells showed that deletion of the AT1a receptor resulted in suppression of adipocyte differentiation, with reduction in expression of thermogenic genes. These results indicate that deletion of the AT1a receptor might have some effects on the process of browning of WAT and that blockade of the AT1 receptor could be a therapeutic target for the treatment of metabolic disorders. PMID:27992452

  9. Dnmt3a Regulates Proliferation of Muscle Satellite Cells via p57Kip2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naito, Masashi; Mori, Masaki; Inagawa, Masayo; Miyata, Kohei; Hashimoto, Naohiro; Tanaka, Sakae; Asahara, Hiroshi

    2016-01-01

    Cell differentiation status is defined by the gene expression profile, which is coordinately controlled by epigenetic mechanisms. Cell type-specific DNA methylation patterns are established by chromatin modifiers including de novo DNA methyltransferases, such as Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b. Since the discovery of the myogenic master gene MyoD, myogenic differentiation has been utilized as a model system to study tissue differentiation. Although knowledge about myogenic gene networks is accumulating, there is only a limited understanding of how DNA methylation controls the myogenic gene program. With an aim to elucidate the role of DNA methylation in muscle development and regeneration, we investigate the consequences of mutating Dnmt3a in muscle precursor cells in mice. Pax3 promoter-driven Dnmt3a-conditional knockout (cKO) mice exhibit decreased organ mass in the skeletal muscles, and attenuated regeneration after cardiotoxin-induced muscle injury. In addition, Dnmt3a-null satellite cells (SCs) exhibit a striking loss of proliferation in culture. Transcriptome analysis reveals dysregulated expression of p57Kip2, a member of the Cip/Kip family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs), in the Dnmt3a-KO SCs. Moreover, RNAi-mediated depletion of p57Kip2 replenishes the proliferation activity of the SCs, thus establishing a role for the Dnmt3a-p57Kip2 axis in the regulation of SC proliferation. Consistent with these findings, Dnmt3a-cKO muscles exhibit fewer Pax7+ SCs, which show increased expression of p57Kip2 protein. Thus, Dnmt3a is found to maintain muscle homeostasis by epigenetically regulating the proliferation of SCs through p57Kip2. PMID:27415617

  10. Vplyv sofistikovaného hybridného Honeypotu na efektivitu architektúry systému detekcie prieniku v distribuovaných počítačových

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Chovanec

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Pri súčasnom vývoji technológií, rapídnom raste počítačových sietí a distribuovaných systémov, je reálne riziko útoku čoraz pravdepodobnejšie. Pre zvýšenie samotnej bezpečnosti systémov už bolo vytvorených a implementovaných množstvo riešení, ktoré mali slúžiť na detekciu a/alebo prevenciu pred samotnými útokmi. Najpoužívanejšie riešenie predstavuje použitie systému na detekciu prieniku (IDS v kooperácii s firewallom. Avšak ani IDS a ani firewall nedokážu reagovať v reálnom čase, pokiaľ sa jedná o špecifický typ útoku. Táto práca sa zaoberá detekčným mechanizmom na báze technológie Honeypot a jeho využitím v navrhovanej architektúre pre zvýšenie bezpečnosti v počítačových systémoch. Podstatou práce je poukázať na to, ako dokáže sofistikovaný hybridný Honeypot vplývať na dizajn architektúry IDS a tým zvýšiť jej efektivitu.

  11. Ugovor o zajedničkom pothvatu (joint venture u naftnom sektoru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratko Brnabić

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available U radu se raspravlja o ugovoru o zajedničkom pothvatu koji je praktički neizostavan dio svake ozbiljnije operacije istraživanja, a potom i iskorištavanja ugljikovodika (proizvodnja naftnih derivata. Riječ je o skupom pothvatu uz koji se vezuju brojni rizici pa trgovci u tom području žele sklapanjem takvog ugovora zadržati mogućnost (izglede da ostvare dobit, ali pritom podijele rizik. U prvom dijelu rada daje se prikaz bitnih značajki zajedničkog pothvata s posebnim osvrtom na područje iskorištavanja ugljikovodika. S obzirom na okolnost da se za potrebe zajedničkog pothvata često osniva trgovačko društvo kapitala, raspravlja se o pravnim odnosima članova tog društva međusobno te prema upravi društva. Skreće se pozornost i na razlike u značenju pojma joint venture posebice u američkom i hrvatskom pravu što može izazvati ozbiljne pravne učinke ako ortaci nemaju sjedište u istoj državi. Nakon toga, obrađuju se bitna pitanja koja ugovorne strane neizostavno moraju urediti da bi se izbjegli sudski sporovi. To su, primjerice, pitanje područja istraživanja, pravni položaj operatora, sredstva osiguranja, standard kvalitete pri obavljanju poslova, pravo na informiranje i nadzor te pitanje sustava rješavanja sukoba u ortaštvu. U zaključku se iznose rezultati istraživanja te se upućuje na moguća rješenja za otvorena pitanja uređenja međusobnog odnosa ortaka u zajedničkom pothvatu.

  12. Dnmt3a Regulates Proliferation of Muscle Satellite Cells via p57Kip2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masashi Naito

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Cell differentiation status is defined by the gene expression profile, which is coordinately controlled by epigenetic mechanisms. Cell type-specific DNA methylation patterns are established by chromatin modifiers including de novo DNA methyltransferases, such as Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b. Since the discovery of the myogenic master gene MyoD, myogenic differentiation has been utilized as a model system to study tissue differentiation. Although knowledge about myogenic gene networks is accumulating, there is only a limited understanding of how DNA methylation controls the myogenic gene program. With an aim to elucidate the role of DNA methylation in muscle development and regeneration, we investigate the consequences of mutating Dnmt3a in muscle precursor cells in mice. Pax3 promoter-driven Dnmt3a-conditional knockout (cKO mice exhibit decreased organ mass in the skeletal muscles, and attenuated regeneration after cardiotoxin-induced muscle injury. In addition, Dnmt3a-null satellite cells (SCs exhibit a striking loss of proliferation in culture. Transcriptome analysis reveals dysregulated expression of p57Kip2, a member of the Cip/Kip family of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs, in the Dnmt3a-KO SCs. Moreover, RNAi-mediated depletion of p57Kip2 replenishes the proliferation activity of the SCs, thus establishing a role for the Dnmt3a-p57Kip2 axis in the regulation of SC proliferation. Consistent with these findings, Dnmt3a-cKO muscles exhibit fewer Pax7+ SCs, which show increased expression of p57Kip2 protein. Thus, Dnmt3a is found to maintain muscle homeostasis by epigenetically regulating the proliferation of SCs through p57Kip2.

  13. »Kommunikation und Kybernetik in Einzeldarstellungen”. Herausgegeben von H. Wolter und W. D. Keidel. Band 2: Structural Linguistics and Human Communication. An Introduction into the Mechanism of Language and the Methodology of Linguistics By Bertil Malmbe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarko Muljačić

    1966-12-01

    Full Text Available Za razliku od priručnika istog pisca New Trends in Linguistics. An Orientation, Stockholm-Lund 1964 (koji predstavlja dotjerani i ažurirani prijevod švedskog originala iz 1959. god. i o kome v. recenziju koju smo objavili u »ZFLMS« X, Novi Sad 1967, str. 181-188, ova je odlična monografija namijenjena uzem krugu čitalaca koji već imaju dovoljnih znanja iz lingvistike i fonetike ili iz društvenih i prirodnih nauka, kojima su od koristi tekovine i metode suvremene lingvistike (psihologija, fonijatrija, logoterapija, metodika učenja stranih jezika, nauka o komunikacijama i sl.. Autor, ugledni romanist i profesor fonetike na sveučilištu u Lundu, a od nedavna i na Sorbonni, svijestan je opasnosti da će lingvistika, prikazana prvenstveno kao znanost koja studira jezično komuniciranje ljudi, nužno morati da se pozabavi i vrlo širokim krugom problema pa će tako neka poglavlja ispasti za jedne čitaoce prekomplicirapa a za druge preelementarna. Drugačije međutim nije moglo biti ako se željelo na relativno malenom prostoru prikazati tako različite pojmove kao sto su fonemi i značenje, decibeli i jezicna promjena, knjizevni stil i govorne smetnje. Metodski pristup gradi i kompozicija sasvim su drugačiji nego u New Trends in Linguistics. Dok su tamo poglavlja posvečena pojedinim lingvističkim školama i pravcima (a samo indirektno i nekim skupinama problema ukoliko se neka škola uglavnom njiina bavila, ova je monografija obrađena problemski.

  14. Modified Zeolites in Ground Water Treatment/ Modifikované Zeolity V Úprave Podzemných Vôd

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barloková Danka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Článok prezentuje výsledky technologických skúšok vykonaných v UV Kúty. Cieľom tejto práce bolo porovnať modifikované (povrchovo upravené zeolity známe ako klinoptilolit (veľké nálezisko klinoptilolitu bolo objavené na Východnom Slovensku v 1980-tych rokoch s dovážaným povrchovo upraveným zeolitom z náleziska v Maďarsku. Klinopur-Mn a Klinomangan boli použité pre odstraňovanie železa a mangánu z podzemnej vody na dosiahnutie limitných hodnôt pre pitnú vodu podľa Nariadenia vlády č. 496/2010 Z.z. Sledované materiály vykazovali rôznu účinnosť odstraňovania mangánu z vody, na účinnosť odstraňovania mala významný vplyv kvalita upravovanej vody (obsah kyslíka, hodnota pH. V prípade odstraňovania železa z vody kvalita surovej vody nie je limitujúcim faktorom, obidva materiály odstraňovali železo z vody pod limitnú hodnotu (0,2 mg.l-1.

  15. Chuck Palahniuk: Negdje mora puknuti / S engleskog prevela Valentina Lisak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chuck Palahniuk

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Iza zaključanih vrata zahoda u stražnjem dijelu antikvarnice Claire Upton razgovara na telefon. Glas joj odjekuje od poda i zidova: Koliko je teško provaliti nadzornu kameru? Ukrasti snimku? upita svog muža i počne plakati.U zadnjih tjedan dana bila je u tom dućanu već tri ili četiri puta. Jedan od onih gdje moraš ostaviti torbu na blagajni, inače te ne puste unutra. Moraš ostaviti i kaput, ako ima duboke, prostrane džepove. I kišobran, jer bi ljudi u nabore mogli ubacivati sitne predmete, češljeve, nakit i druge drangulije. Kraj starog blagajnika stoji sivi karton na kojem crnim markerom piše: “Ne volimo kad nas kradete!”Skidajući kaput, Claire reče: “Ja nisam lopov.”Stari blagajnik pogledom ju je odmjerio od glave do pete. Coknuo je jezikom i pitao: “Po čemu ste vi iznimka?”Za svaki ostavljeni predmet dao je Claire polovicu karte. Za torbicu hercova asa. Za kaput trefovu devetku. Za kišobran pikovu trojku.Pogledom je prešao preko Claireinih ruku, obrisa džepova na prsima i najlonki tražeći izbočine, nešto ukradeno. Iza prednjeg pulta po cijeloj su trgovini visjeli mali natpisi koji su upozoravali da je ovdje zabranjeno krasti. Kamere su nadzirale svaki prolaz, svaki kutak i sve prikazivale na malenom ekranu punom drugih ekrana. Trezor malih, crno-bijelih tv-ekrana iza blagajne gdje je sjedio starac i sve ih promatrao.

  16. The Evaluation of Selected Air Pollutants in Košice for the Period 2008-2010 / Analýza Znečisťujúcich Látok Vo Vybraných Monitorovacích Staniciach Mesta Košice Za Obdobie 2008 - 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gergeľová Marcela

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Vo všeobecnosti kvalita ovzdušia je stanovená z obsahu znečisťujúcich látok vo vonkajšom ovzduší. Kritériá kvality ovzdušia (limitné a cieľové hodnoty, medze tolerancie, horné a dolné medze na hodnotenie vychádzajú z platného legislatívneho rámca. V podmienkach SR kritéria kvality ovzdušia vyplývajú z vyhlášky MŽP SR č. 360/2010 Z.z. o kvalite ovzdušia [1]. V nadväznosti na realizované merania je potrebné zvoliť efektívne nástroje potrebné pre preprocesing a postprocesing procesu plošného hodnotenia kvality ovzdušia. Príspevok si kladie za cieľ aplikovať vhodné nástroje GIS do hodnotiaceho procesu kvality ovzdušia v aglomerácií Košice za vybrané obdobie rokov 2008 - 2010. Pri celkovom zhodnotení predmetnej oblasti bolo uvažované so spracovaním informácií o emisiách deklarovaných ako tuhé znečisťujúce látky (TZL v zmysle konzervatívneho prístupu k hodnoteniu kvality ovzdušia za PM10. Pre posudzovanie boli použité ročenky a správy pre kvalitu ovzdušia v SR za rok 2008 - 2010 z SHMÚ a odborné publikácie

  17. Informacioni sistemi održavanja u Vojsci Srbije i Crne Gore i okruženju / Informational systems of maintenance in the Army of Serbia and Montenegro and environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saša Veselinović

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Efikasno upravljanje sistemom održavanja moguće je samo ako vrh upravljačke strukture ima pravovremene i kvalitetne informacije o stanju sistema. Ovakve informacije moguće je obezbediti primenom odgovarajućeg automatizovanog informacionog sistema. U svetu postoje programski paketi za automatizaciju informacionog sistema održavanja pomoću kojih se vode podaci o stanju sredstava, toku održavanja, troškovima, nabavci rezervnih delova, a pojedini sistemi omogućavaju i statističko predviđanje otkaza. Informacioni sistem održavanja koji funkcioniše u Vojsci Srbije i Crne Gore je manuelan, a uspostavljen je pre uvođenja računara u operativnu upotrebu. Tokom eksploatacije sistem je više puta dograđivan i prilagođavan za automatizaciju. Aplikacije koje su trenutno u funkciji u pojedinim jedinicama nisu sistemsko rešenje već pokušaji entuzijasta da olakšaju deo aktivnosti u svom radu, a vezane su prvenstveno za izradu izveštaja. / Management of system of maintenance on effective -way is possible only if management has opportune and quality information about state of system. Providing opportune and quality information is possible only with appropriate automotive information system. In The World exist many programs for automation information systems of maintenance, -which observe a data about condition of equipments, flow of maintenance, a costs, purchasing of pans, and some of them provide statistical predicting of failures. Information system of maintenance, which functioning in Military forces of State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, is manual and established before implementation of personal computer in operative use, but through couple projects accomplished for automation. A program, which are in use, in some units, aren't system solution, then attempting group enthusiastic people to make easiest some activity in his work on making reports.

  18. Predictability of GNSS signal observations in support of Space Situational Awareness using passive radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmud, M. S.; Lambert, A.; Benson, C.

    2015-07-01

    GNSS signals have been proposed as emitters of opportunity to enhance Space Situational Awareness (SSA) by tracking small items of space debris using bistatic radar. Although the scattered GNSS signal levels from small items of space debris are incredibly low, the dynamic disturbances of the observed object are very small, and the phase of the scattered signals is well behaved. It is therefore plausible that coherent integration periods on the order of many minutes could be achieved. However, even with long integration periods, very large receiver arrays with extensive, but probably viable, processing are required to recover the scattered signal. Such large arrays will be expensive, and smaller more affordable arrays will collect insufficient signal power to detect the small objects (relative to wavelength) that are necessary to maintain the necessary phase coherency. The investments necessary to build a large receiver array are unlikely without substantial risk reduction. Pini and Akos have previously reported on use of very large radio telescopes to analyse the short-term modulation performance of GNSS satellite signals. In this work we report on tracking of GPS satellites with a radio-astronomy VLBI antenna system to assess the stability of the observed GPS signal over a time period indicative of that proposed for passive radar. We also confirm some of the processing techniques that may be used in both demonstrations and the final system. We conclude from the limited data set that the signal stability when observed by a high-gain tracking antenna and compared against a high quality, low phase-noise clock is excellent, as expected. We conclude by framing further works to reduce risk for a passive radar SSA capability using GNSS signals. http://www.ignss.org/Conferences/PastConferencePapers/2015ConferencePastPapers/2015PeerReviewedPapers/tabid/147/Default.aspx

  19. REFORMA EKONOMIJE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Stiglitz

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Dosta je krivice koja se deli u ovoj krizi. Videli smo ulogu regulatornih tela i zakonodavaca, FED-a i finansijera, svih njih koji su bili u igri. Svako od njih je govorio o svom interesu zauzimajući stav da su bili u pravu za ono što su radili a veoma često zasnivajući svoje stavove na ekonomskoj analizi. Kada počne raslojavanje pitanja šta je pošlo naopako ne može se izostaviti fokus sa ekonomske profesije. Naravno, nisu se svi ekonomisti pridružili slavi slobodnog ekonomskog tržišta i nisu svi bili sledbenici Miltona Fridmana. Iznenađujuće je što je ipak, veliki deo bio naklonjen tom pravcu. Ne samo da je njihov savet bio pogrešan već su bile pogrešne i osnovne pretpostavke i predviđanja. Relativno mali broj njih je mogao da vidi nadolazeću katastrofu. Nije bilo slučajno da su oni, koji su se zalagali za pravila koja su dovela do nesreće, bili toliko zaslepljeni svojom verom u slobodno tržište te nisu mogli da vide probleme koji nastaju. Ekonomija se promenila više nego što su to ekonomisti želeli da veruju, do te mere da je od naučne discipline postala navijačica discipline slobodnog tržišta. Ako SAD želi da uspe u reformi privrede, moraće da počne sa reformom ekonomije.

  20. Above-ground net primary productivity in young stands of beech and spruce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pajtík Jozef

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available V tejto práci sme pomocou kombinácií kontinuálnych meraní a deštruktívnych odberov vzorníkov sledovali a porovnali zásobu nadzemnej biomasy a ročnú primárnu produkciu (NPP v prirodzene obnovených mladých porastoch buka a smreka. Na vybranej lokalite predpokladáme, že zmenené klimatické podmienky budú lepšie vyhovovať buku pred v súčasnosti prevládajúcim smrekom. Lokalita Vrchslatina sa nachádza v južnej časti Veporských vrchov v nadmorskej výške 977 m nad morom (48° 38΄ 50΄΄ N, 19° 36΄ 07΄΄ E. Priemerné ročné zrážky sa pohybujú okolo 900 mm, priemerná ročná teplota je 5,2 °C. Na sledovanej lokalite sme pozorovali odlišný priebeh rastu buka a smreka. Pri buku bola pozorovaná menšia medziročná mortalita, udržiaval sa až prehustený zápoj, v ktorom sa aj podúrovňové stromy snažili dostať do úrovne. Toto sa prejavilo na tvare kmeňov, ktoré sú tenké a vysoké. Štíhlostný koeficient sa pri stromoch so strednou hrúbkou a strednou výškou postupne zvyšoval od 1,19 do 1,40. Pri smreku dochádza k vyššej mortalite, vrastavé a podúrovňové stromy odumierajú z dôvodu nedostatku svetla. Stromy rastú viac do hrúbky, čo sa odráža aj na štíhlostnom koeficiente, ktorý bol po celé obdobie viac-menej konštantný a pohyboval sa v rozpätí 0,89 až 0,93 (tab. 1. Zásoby kmeňa sú pri smreku v jednotlivých rokoch o 3 - 10 m3.ha-1 väčšie ako pri buku (tab. 3. Po prepočítaní na sušinu je vplyvom rozdielnej objemovej hmotnosti (obr. 5 celková zásoba sušiny drevných častí (kmeň a konáre väčšia pri buku (tab. 3. Najväčší rozdiel medzi drevinami je v zásobe asimilačných orgánov, ktorá je pri smreku viac než trojnásobná (tab. 3 a 4. Počas rastu dochádza pri obidvoch drevinách k zvyšovaniu podielu kmeňa a znižovaniu podielu asimilačných orgánov (obr. 2. Hlavný medzidruhový rozdiel pri pomerne vyrovnaných hektárových zásobách je v

  1. The Effect of Maximal and Submaximal Exercise Testing on NT-proBNP Levels in Patients with Systolic Heart Failure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zdrenghea Dumitru Tudor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Premise. La pacienţii cu insuficienţǎ cardiacǎ, testele de efort submaximale (testul de mers 400 metri şi testul de efort 6 minute reprezintǎ o alternativǎ a testului de efort clasic pe cicloergometru. Scopul studiului este de a compara creşterea la efort a peptidului natriuretic-NT-proBNP dupǎ testul de mers 400 m, respectiv testul de efort 6 minute faţă de testul clasic de efort pe cicloergometru. Material şi metodă. Au fost studiaţi 20 de pacienți cu insuficienţă cardiacă (fracţie de ejecţie <40% , cu vârste între 37 şi 70 de ani, 16 bărbaţi şi 4 femei. Dupǎ retrocedarea fenomenelor congestive, toţii pacienţii au efectuat în trei zile consecutive, cele trei tipuri de teste: testul de efort clasic pe cicloergometru, testul de mers 400 de metri, respectiv testul de efort de 6 minute. Valorile NT-pro BNP au fost determinate utilizând metoda ELISA înainte şi dupǎ cele trei teste de efort. Rezultate. Valorile medii ale NT-proBNP au fost crescute în repaus în toate cele trei zile, crescând apoi semnificativ, indiferent de tipul de test de efort efectuat: de la 688±72 fmol/ml la 1869±91 fmol/ml (p<0.05 în cazul testului de efort clasic, de la 843±90 fmol/ml la 977±93 fmol/ml (15%, p<0.05 în cazul testului de efort 6 minute şi de la 676±63 fmol/ ml la 927±95 fmol/ml (37%, p<0.05 pentru tesul de mers 400 de metri. Totodatǎ au existat corelaţii semnificative între valorile maxime ale NT-proBNP din cursul efortului pe cicloergometru /test de efort 6 minute (r=0.71, cicloergometeru/ test de mers 400 metri, (r=0.71, respectiv test de mers 400 metri/test de efort 6 minute (r=0.81, p<0.01. În concluzie concentraţia NT-proBNP creşte semnificativ şi similar la bolnavii cu insuficienţǎ cardiacǎ, atât în cursul efortului maximal cât şi în cursul efortului submaximal. Atât testul de efort 6 minute cât şi la testul de mers 400 metri, sunt suficiente ca intensitate pentru eliberarea de hormoni

  2. Forenzika elektronske pošte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milorad S. Markagić

    2013-10-01

    podataka, pa ih je jednostavnije analizirati i generisati izveštaj. Analiza elektronske pošte zasnovane na internet serverima Za personalnu komunikaciju često  se koriste Web servisi za elektronsku poštu: Google, Yahoo, Hotmail, gmail.... Ovi se servisi koriste bez upotrebe softvera klijenata elektronske pošte i sačinjavaju klijent-server sistem. Web mail sistem predaje elektronsku poruku koristeći SMTP protokol i koristeći POP ili IMAP protokole. Web pošta se ne čuva se na lokalnom računaru, osim ako to korisnik izričito ne zahteva, već ista ostaje memorisana na serveru. Pristup nalogu elektronske pošte na serveru ili prikupljanje podataka o korisničkom nalogu od strane pružaoca usluga umnogome smanjuje količinu posla forenzičkom istražiocu. Ako pristup nije dozvoljen, do web mail poruka može se doći pregledom radne i keš memorije. Kada korisnik proverava poruke, ili sastavlja novu, operativni sistem sačuva podatke sa ekrana na hard disku, pogotovo ako korisniku treba više  vreme da sastavi poruku. Privremeni dokumenti Operativni sistemi privremene dokumente kreiraju za aplikacije koje šalju i primaju podatke preko mreže. Ti se podaci prvo skladište u radnoj memoriji, a kada se ista popuni, operativni sistem pomera podatke niže na listu prioriteta podataka koji su potrebni aplikacijama i zapisuje ih na tvrdi disk. Ne postoji posebno i jedinstveno područje gde se čuvaju privremeni dokumenti jer neke aplikacije stvaraju dodatne privremene datoteke uz one što ih stvara operativni sistem. Aplikacije koje nemaju mogućnost privremenog čuvanja podataka, prepuštaju operativnom sistemu da ih memoriše koristeći swap datoteke ili virtualnu memoriju. Kada aplikaciji zatreba privremeno sačuvani podatak, operativni sistem ga šalje aplikaciji i briše sa hard diska. Iako se swap datoteke brišu, do podataka je ipak moguće doći, jer još uvek fizički postoje na disku Instant poruke U većim organizacijama komunikacija sa korisnicima se

  3. Demethylase Inhibitor Fungicide Resistance in Pyrenophora teres f. sp. teres Associated with Target Site Modification and Inducible Overexpression of Cyp51.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mair, Wesley J; Deng, Weiwei; Mullins, Jonathan G L; West, Samuel; Wang, Penghao; Besharat, Naghmeh; Ellwood, Simon R; Oliver, Richard P; Lopez-Ruiz, Francisco J

    2016-01-01

    Pyrenophora teres f. sp. teres is the cause of net form of net blotch (NFNB), an economically important foliar disease in barley (Hordeum vulgare). Net and spot forms of net blotch are widely controlled using site-specific systemic fungicides. Although resistance to succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors and quinone outside inhibitors has been addressed before in net blotches, mechanisms controlling demethylation inhibitor resistance have not yet been reported at the molecular level. Here we report the isolation of strains of NFNB in Australia since 2013 resistant to a range of demethylase inhibitor fungicides. Cyp51A:KO103-A1, an allele with the mutation F489L, corresponding to the archetype F495I in Aspergillus fumigatus, was only present in resistant strains and was correlated with resistance factors to various demethylase inhibitors ranging from 1.1 for epoxiconazole to 31.7 for prochloraz. Structural in silico modeling of the sensitive and resistant CYP51A proteins docked with different demethylase inhibitor fungicides showed how the interaction of F489L within the heme cavity produced a localized constriction of the region adjacent to the docking site that is predicted to result in lower binding affinities. Resistant strains also displayed enhanced induced expression of the two Cyp51A paralogs and of Cyp51B genes. While Cyp51B was found to be constitutively expressed in the absence of fungicide, Cyp51A was only detected at extremely low levels. Under fungicide induction, expression of Cyp51B, Cyp51A2, and Cyp51A1 was shown to be 1.6-, 3,- and 5.3-fold higher, respectively in the resistant isolate compared to the wild type. These increased levels of expression were not supported by changes in the promoters of any of the three genes. The implications of these findings on demethylase inhibitor activity will require current net blotch management strategies to be reconsidered in order to avoid the development of further resistance and preserve the lifespan of

  4. Podrumko

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Kyber

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Između ponoći i jednog sata oživi sve ono za što glupi ljudi vjeruju da oživjeti ne može. Ali zaista, mnogobrojne stvari koje inače samo ukočeno i mirno leže, kao da ne mogu reći ni „dobar dan“, sve one u to vrijeme ožive. I ne brinu mnogo o tome vjeruju li glupi ljudi u to ili ne. Tako i u tom starom gradiću oživje sve kada sat sa zvonika crkve Presvete Djevice Marije s dvanaest muklih, teških udaraca otkuca ponoć. Kamenje na pločniku počelo je razgovarati s vlatima trave koja je među njim rasla i pitalo je koliko još misli ostati. Zabati i erkeri kuća u uskim zamršenim uličicama kimali su jedni drugima, a ulične svjetiljke žalile su se na vjetar; prehladile su se jer on tako bezobzirno mijenja smjer.Također oživje sve i u starom vinskom podrumu staroga gradića. Mnogobrojne bačve koje stajahu jedne pokraj drugih, velike i male, zijevnuše i protegnuše se i ispružiše se, a kad bi jedna drugu pritom gurnula, rekla bi: „Oh, tisuću puta oprostite!“ Jer bačve su vrlo pristojne i znaju se lijepo ponašati. Tada bi sve uspravno stale na svoje debele nožice – naime, bačve imaju nožice, ako glupi ljudi ne znaju ni to – i sve bi se klanjale jedne drugima i kimale si i pozdravljale se na sve stane.

  5. Dosezanje izvan male znanstvene zajednice: modeli društvenog utjecaja na suradnju preko nacionalnih i disciplinarnih granica kod znanstvenika iz triju polja društvenih znanosti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srebrenka Letina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Suradnja sa znanstvenicima iz drugih područja znanosti ili drugih zemalja važna je općenito za napredak znanosti, osobito za znanstvenike koji djeluju u malim i perifernim znanstvenim zajednicama. Cilj je ovog istraživanja bio ispitati postoje li mrežni (strukturni efekti na vjerojatnost da će pojedini znanstvenik ostvariti koautorstvo/suradnju izvan svoje nacionalne i disciplinarne zajednice. Na temelju podataka o koautorstvu na publikacijama indeksiranim u dvjema međunarodnim bazama (Web of Science i Scopus i jednoj nacionalnoj bazi (Nacionalna i sveučilišna knjižnica konstruirana je mreža koautorstva za tri područja društvenih znanosti u Hrvatskoj. Testirana su tri strukturna prediktora (aktivnost, zaraza i popularnost /Ego-2Star/, a korištenje autologističkih modela atributa aktera omogućilo je istovremeno kontroliranje šest atributa aktera. Rezultati su potvrdili hipotezu o postojanju pozitivnog učinka zaraze (vjerojatnost suradnje sa znanstvenicima izvan nacionalne i disciplinarne mreže veća je ako neposredni alter u mreži također ima vanjske suradnje i negativnog učinka aktivnosti (oni koji surađuju s jednim ili više znanstvenika izvan svoje mreže, manje surađuju unutar svoje mreže u mreži obrazovnih znanosti. Međutim, u mreži sociologa utvrđen je samo efekt negativne aktivnosti, dok u mreži psihologa nijedan strukturni efekt nije bio značajan prediktor suradnje izvan uže zajednice. Pronađen je značajan efekt broja radova napisanih u koautorstvu, ali ne i broja jednoautorskih radova, te dobi u svim trima poljima. Spol, lokacija i maksimalna snaga veze imali su različitu ulogu u trima istraživanim poljima. U radu su naglašeni metodološki aspekti analize mreža koautorstva i predlažu smjernice za buduća istraživanja.

  6. Assessment of the efficacy of first-line antimalarial drugs after 5 years of deployment by the National Malaria Control Programme in Côte d'Ivoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Offianan AT

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Andre T Offianan1, Serge B Assi2, Aristide MA Coulibaly1, Landry T N'guessan1, Aristide A Ako1, Florence K Kadjo2, Moïse K San2, Louis K Penali2 1Malariology Department, Institut Pasteur de Côte d'Ivoire, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; 2National Malaria Control Programme, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire Background: The emergence of artemisinin resistance has raised concerns that the most potent antimalarial drug may be under threat. Artesunate + amodiaquine (ASAQ and artemether-lumefantrine (AL are respectively the first- and second-line treatments for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Côte d'Ivoire. A comparison of the efficacy and safety of these two drug combinations was necessary to make evidence-based drug treatment policies. Methods: In an open-label, non inferiority, randomized, controlled clinical trial, children aged 6–59 months were randomized to receive ASAQ or AL. Both drug regimens were given for 3 days, and follow-up was for 28 days. The primary endpoint was the 28-day cure rates and was defined as proportion of patients with polymerase chain reaction (PCR-corrected cure rate after 28 days of follow-up. Findings: A total of 251 patients who were attending the Ayame and Dabakala hospitals and presenting with symptomatic acute uncomplicated falciparum malaria were randomized to receive ASAQ (128 and AL (123. The intention-to-treat analysis showed effectiveness rates of 94.5% and 93.5% for ASAQ and AL, respectively on day 28. After adjustment for PCR results, these rates were 96.1% and 96.8%, respectively. On day 28, the per-protocol analysis showed effectiveness rates of 98.4% and 96.6% for ASAQ and AL, respectively. After adjustment by PCR for reinfection, these rates were 100% for each drug, and both regimens were well tolerated. Conclusion: ASAQ and AL remain efficacious treatments of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Ivorian children 5 years after adoption. The efficacy of ASAQ and AL in Côte d'Ivoire requires, therefore, continuous

  7. Conservation measures undertaken to improve the population status of eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demerdzhiev Dimitar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Štúdia prezentuje výsledky ochranárskych opatrení a ich vplyv na populáciu orla královského v Bulharsku. Druh sa vyskytuje v juhovýchodnej casti krajiny, v centrálnom Bulharsku je známy len jeden pár. V období 2009-201 3 bolo obsadených 28 rôznych hniezdnych teritórií. Populácia narástla o 20 %, pocet párov s hniezdnymi teritóriami sa zvýšil z 20 v roku 2009 na 24 v roku 201 3. Stredné hodnoty parametrov hniezdenia orlov královských boli v období 2009-201 3 nasledovné: produktivita (P 1 ,03 ± 0,1 8; hniezdna úspešnost (BS 1 ,1 8±0,21 , úspešnost vyletenia mládat (FS 1 .68±0,1 6. Rocná miera prežitia hniezdiacich jedincov bola 0,795-0,932. Najdôležitejším faktorom, spôsobujúcim mortalitu mladých orlov boli usmrtenia po zásahu elektrickým prúdom spolocne s nelegálnymi odstrelmi a otravami. Strážené páry mali vyššiu hniezdnu úspešnost (1 ,32±0,88 ako nestrážené páry (1 ,06±0,91 . Celkom bolo obsadených vtákmi rôznych druhov 39 % umelých hniezd inštalovaných v období 2009-201 3. V období 2008-201 3 bolo celkom 23 mladých orlov královských oznacených satelitnými vysielackami s GPS jednotkou. V teritóriách siedmich párov bolo izolovaných 608 nebezpecných stlpov elektrického vedenia. V jesennom a zimnom období (október až marec sa raz za týžden realizovalo prikrmovanie 1 4 párov orlov. Celkom sa zrealizovalo 483 prikrmovaní, na 450 z nich bolo súcastou sledovanie efektivity tejto cinnosti.

  8. Distribution, abundance, breeding parameters, threats and prey preferences of the eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca in European Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demerdzhiev Dimitar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available V období 2008-201 3 bolo orlami královskými obsadených 32 rôznych hniezdnych teritórií. Tieto územia sa nachádzajú najmä v dvoch oblastiach: pohorie Derventa/Yıldız a územie na sever od Marmarského mora. Najbližšia vzdialenost medzi hniezdiskami bola 4,2 km. Stredná vzdialenost medzi pármi bola 1 0,44 ± 2,95 km. Priemerná hodnota hniezdnej úspešnosti v období 2008-201 3 vrátane 1 07 prípadov inkubácii bola 1 ,01±0,1 0. Priemerná hniezdna úspešnost vtákov v Marmarskom regióne (1 ,05±0,78 bola vyššia ako v oblasti pohorí Derventa/Yıldız (0,91±0,84. Predkladaná štúdia potravy orla královského bola založená na 582 zvyškoch koristi, obsahujúcej minimálne 70 taxónov. Cicavce boli najrozšírenejšie skupinou (46.5 %, nasledované vtákmi (32,4 % a plazmi (20,3 %. Najcastejšou koristou bol jež bledý (Erinaceus roumanicus a dva druhy korytnaciek - korytnacka zelenkastá (Eurotestudo hermanni a korytnacka grécka (Testudo graeca, ktoré dohromady predstavovali celkom 1 4,4 % z ulovenej koristi. Potravné spektrum sledovaných párov obsahoval tieto druhy koristi: cajka žltonohá (Larus michahellis, sysel pasienkový (Spermophilus citellus, domáca sliepka (Gallus gallus f. domestica a bocian biely (Ciconia ciconia. Tieto druhy dohromady tvorili 67,8 % z ulovenej koristi. Bol preukázaný štatisticky významný rozdiel (Z=2,52, p=0,01 v preferencii potravy orlov královských v oboch študovaných oblastiach.

  9. Afferent Input Selects NMDA Receptor Subtype to Determine the Persistency of Hippocampal LTP in Freely Behaving Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballesteros, Jesús J.; Buschler, Arne; Köhr, Georg; Manahan-Vaughan, Denise

    2016-01-01

    The glutamatergic N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) is critically involved in many forms of hippocampus-dependent memory that may be enabled by synaptic plasticity. Behavioral studies with NMDAR antagonists and NMDAR subunit (GluN2) mutants revealed distinct contributions from GluN2A- and GluN2B-containing NMDARs to rapidly and slowly acquired memory performance. Furthermore, studies of synaptic plasticity, in genetically modified mice in vitro, suggest that GluN2A and GluN2B may contribute in different ways to the induction and longevity of synaptic plasticity. In contrast to the hippocampal slice preparation, in behaving mice, the afferent frequencies that induce synaptic plasticity are very restricted and specific. In fact, it is the stimulus pattern and not variations in afferent frequency that determine the longevity of long-term potentiation (LTP) in vivo. Here, we explored the contribution of GluN2A and GluN2B to LTP of differing magnitudes and persistence in freely behaving mice. We applied differing high-frequency stimulation (HFS) patterns at 100 Hz to the hippocampal CA1 region, to induce NMDAR-dependent LTP in wild-type (WT) mice, that endured for 24 h (late (L)-LTP). In GluN2A-knockout (KO) mice, E-LTP (HFS, 50 pulses) was significantly reduced in magnitude and duration, whereas LTP (HFS, 2 × 50 pulses) and L-LTP (HFS, 4 × 50 pulses) were unaffected compared to responses in WT animals. By contrast, pharmacological antagonism of GluN2B in WT had no effect on E-LTP but significantly prevented LTP. E-LTP and LTP were significantly impaired by GluN2B antagonism in GluN2A-KO mice. These data indicate that the pattern of afferent stimulation is decisive for the recruitment of distinct GluN2A and GluN2B signaling pathways that in turn determine the persistency of hippocampal LTP. Whereas brief bursts of patterned stimulation preferentially recruit GluN2A and lead to weak and short-lived forms of LTP, prolonged, more intense, afferent activation recruits

  10. Modelling the Uncertainty of Slope Estimation from a Lidar-Derived Dem: a Case Study from a Large-Scale Area in the Czech Republic / Modelovanie Neistoty Vo Výpočte Sklonov Z Lidarových Dmr; Prípadová Štúdia Vybraného Malého Územia V Čr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mudron Ivan

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Táto práca zhŕňa metódu a výsledky modelovania chýb a analýzu šírenia chýb vo výpočte sklonov z DMR získaných LIDAR-om v skúmanej lokalite okolia sútoku riek Olše a Stonávka. V terénnych analýzach výstupy uvedenej analýzy sú vždy funkciou vstupu. Na generovania pola výškových chýb boli použité dve rozdielne metódy podľa vstupných dát. Modelované chyby v nadmorských výškach následne vstupovali do analýzy šírenia chýb. Hlavným cieľom práce bolo tak ako aj poukázanie na význam kvality vstupných dát vo výpočte sklonov a odhad šírenej chyby z nadmorských výšok v sklonoch tak aj identifikácia chýb v DMR a ich dopad. Závislosti chýb boli vyhodnotené hlavne pre lepší odhad chyby v sklonoch. V simuláciách boli použité 4 vstupné DMR s rozlíšením 0.5, 1, 5 a 10 metrov s RMSE chybou do 0.317 metra (10 m DMR. Všetky DMR boli získané z mračna bodov získaných LIDAR metódou zberu dát. Šírenie chýb bolo modelované pomocou stochastickej simulácie Monte Carlo s 250 iteráciami. Článok sa zameriava na šírenie chýb z vysoko presných vstupných dát na malom území. RMSE chyba bola získaná v prvom prípade z dát získaných terénnym prieskumom (RTK GPS a v druhom prípade z porovnania dvoch kvalitatívne rozdielnych DMR. V prvom prípade sa vypočítali chyby vo výškach pomocou náhodného generátora chýb bez autokorelácie chýb. V druhom prípade sa s pomocou semivariogramu namodelovalo autokorelované pole chýb vo výškach. Použitím vhodných štatistík boli odvodené výsledky simulácie a overené stanovené hypotézy. Tak ako sa očakávalo chyby v sklonoch sú vyššie s zvyšujúcou sa chybou v nadmorských výškach. Tiež závislosti chýb od vypočítaných sklonov boli preskúmané, kde sa potvrdila závislosť chýb na sklonoch. Na druhej strane geológia nemala žiaden vplyv na chybu v sklonoch. Chyby namodelované bez autokorelácie nevedú vo v

  11. Quo vadis hrvatsko športsko pravo (posebno na primjeru nacionalnog športskog saveza u stečaju i pretvorbe športskih objekata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrvoje Kačer

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Športsko pravo je dosta mlada pravna grana, što po naravi stvari znači i opasnost od određenih nedostataka kojih nema u tradicionalnim pravnim granama kao što je npr. građansko ili kazneno pravo. Obzirom na pravno načelo koje kao trajno vrijedi u pravu općenito lex specialis derogat legi generali relativno je lako kada ta posebna (športska u ovom slučaju pravna norma postoji. Međutim, kada se u jednom tako naglašeno posebnom području (prepunom specifičnosti kao što je šport dogodi da posebne pravne norme nema i kada je nužno primijeniti onu pravnu normu kod čijeg donositelja zasigurno u razmišljanju nije bilo športa, nastaje problem, ponekad čak i prava pravna katastrofa. Drukčije sigurno nije moguće ocijeniti situaciju postojanja normative koja spriječava osnivanje drugog nacionalnog saveza dok postoji onaj nad kojim je otvoren stečaj, a još više kada dođe do otkupa tražbina prema stečajnom dužniku i na taj način preuzimanja stečajnog dužnika sa svim pravima (uključujući i onaj članstva u Hrvatskom olimpijskom odboru kao da se radi o stečaju neke tvornice npr. Jedini izlaz je u donošenju posebne, izvorno športske specijalističke pravne norme, ako je ikako moguće čak i uz tzv. povratni ili retroaktivni učinak te norme. Neposredan povod ovom tekstu su događanja u hrvatskom športu na način da su dva hrvatska nacionalna športska saveza (odbojka i golf doživjela stečajni postupak i primjenu onih pravnih normi (jer drugih nema koja vrijede npr. za stečaj trgovačkih društava.Nažalost, reakcija hrvatskog zakonodavca na način koji je bio za očekivati (ali i zahtijevati je izostala i otvorila (još jednom ustavnopravno pitanje da li i što učiniti (unutar sustava trodiobe vlasti i kako sankcionirati (osim rezultatom na izborima nedopustivu pasivnost zakonodavca koja se na primjeru športskog prava dogodila već više puta, a kao stalno obilježje u pravu općenito je postojeća i dogodila se i doga

  12. Commercial-Scale Demonstration of the Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOH) Process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1998-12-21

    The Liquid Phase Methanol (LPMEOW) Demonstration Project at Kingsport Tennessee, is a $213.7 million cooperative agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Air Products Liquid Phase Conversion Company, L.P. (the Partnership) to produce methanol from coal-derived synthesis gas (syngas). Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (Air Products) and Eastman Chemical Company (Eastman) formed the Partnership to execute the Demonstration Project. The LPMEOW Process Demonstration Unit was built at a site located at the Eastman complex in Kingsport. During this quarter, initial planning and procurement work began on the seven project sites which have been accepted for participation in the off-site, methanol product-use test plan. Two of the projects have begun pre-testing of equipment and three other projects have commenced with equipment procurement, Methanol produced from carbon monoxide (CO)- rich syngas at the Alternative Fuels Development Unit (AFDU) in LaPorte, TX has been shipped to four of the project sites in anticipation of the start of testing during the first quarter of calendar year 1998. Catalyst activity, as defined by the ratio of the rate constant at any point in time to the rate constant for a freshly reduced catalyst (as determined in the laboratory autoclave), continued to decline more rapidly than expected. In response to concentrations of arsenic and sulfbr detected on catalyst samples from the LPMEOW Reactor, Eastman replaced both the arsine- and sulfiwremoval material in the Eastman guard bed which treats the primary syngas feed stream (&danced Gas) prior to its introduction into both the Eastman fixed-bed methanol plant and the LPMEOWM Demonstration Unit. After restarting the demonstration unit, the catalyst deactivation rate remained essentially unchanged. Parallel testing in the laboratory using arsine-doped, and subsequently arsine- and SuIfi-doped syngas, ako ftiIed to prove that arsine was responsible for the higher-than-expected rate of

  13. ETIKA I POLITIKA NANOTEHNOLOGIJE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Delbianco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Nanotehnologija bi mogla postati najutjecajniji čimbenik koji je preuzeo tehnološku industriju još od pojave Interneta. Nanotehnologija može povećati brzinu memorijskih čipova, ukloniti čestice zagađivača iz vode i zraka i brže pronaći stanice raka. Nanotehnologija nam može izmaći kontroli i prouzročiti kraj našeg postojanja kao ljudskih bića. Nanotehnologija može ublažiti glad u svijetu, očistiti okoliš, izliječiti rak, zajamčiti biblijski raspon životnog vijeka ili stvoriti neizrecivo užasna superoružja. Nanotehnologija bi mogla biti novi azbest. Nanotehnologija može potaknuti ekonomski razvoj kroz širenje istraživanja. Nanotehnologija može naštetiti mogućnostima siromašnih u zemljama u razvoju. Nanotehnologija može ujednačiti veličine molekule sladoleda. Nanotehnologija može omogućiti digitalnom fotoaparatu da radi u mraku. Nanotehnologija može očistiti otrovni otpad na atomskoj razini. Nanotehnologija može temeljito promijeniti svijet. Nanotehnologija može postati instrument terorizma. Nanotehnologija može dovesti do sljedeće industrijske revolucije. Nanotehnologija može preobraziti industriju hrane. Nanotehnologija može popraviti ozonski omotač. Nanotehnologija može promijeniti sve.Sve su to naslovi koji započinju s «Nanotehnologija može…» Što bismo mi trebali zaključiti na temelju ovih nevjerojatno proturječnih obećanja i upozorenja? Kako jedna stvar može u sebi sadržavati toliko potencijala, čak i ako uzmemo u obzir hiperbolički entuzijazam stručnjaka za odnose s javnošću i novinara? Unatoč tim divljim obećanjima, postoji nešto što je specifično za nanotehnologiju, i postoji nekoliko vrlo specifičnih pitanja kojima bi se trebali baviti građani, političari, znanstvenici i poslovni ljudi zainteresirani za ovo područje. Da bismo procijenili etičke, pravne i političke aspekte nanotehnologije, ključno je razdvojiti potencijal nanotehnologije kojeg je moguće pratiti od

  14. Neki problemi pri prevođenju moderne poezije promatrani kroz teoriju konceptualne integracije

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Cimer

    2011-12-01

    koji slijede u vlastitom su prijevodu, osim ako nije drugačije naznačeno. U 20. stoljeću oformio se, između ostalih, pristup da je zadatak prevoditelja prijevodom oponašati izvorno lirsko djelo, a uz to što prijevod treba preslikavati original, on također treba zadržati i njegovu poetsku vrijednost te u ciljnom jeziku funkcionirati kao samostalna poetska forma (bez glosa, komentara ili fusnota. Budući da je svaka pjesma priča za sebe, svaki je prevoditelj pri definiranju prioriteta (zvučnost? semantika? rima? ritam? prepušten samom sebi i konstantno se suočava s izborima (Jones (citat u Connolly 174 prevođenje poezije naziva “umjetnošću kompromisa”. W. S. Merwin opisuje svoj pristup prevođenju poezije na sljedeći način: “Znate, i dalje vjerujem da ne znam kako se prevodi i da to nitko ne zna. To je nemoguć, ali nužan proces, ne postoji savršen način da se on izvede i velik njegov dio mora se oblikovati u hodu za svaku pojedinačnu pjesmu.”

  15. Regulatory effects of adenosine A2A receptors on psychomotor ability and mood behavior of mice%腺苷A2A受体对小鼠精神运动和情绪行为的调控作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜莉; 冉鸿; 段炜; 郑健

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨腺苷A2A受体基因敲除、A2A受体激动剂干预或A2A受体抑制剂干预对小鼠运动活性、焦虑和抑郁样行为的影响.方法 取腺苷A2A受体基因敲除(A2AKO)的雄性小鼠(A2AKO组)及同窝野生型(WT)C57BL/6小鼠(WT组)待用.另取雄性清洁级C57BL/6小鼠,随机分为SCH58261组、CGS21680组和对照组,分别给予腺苷A2A受体特异性拮抗剂SCH58261(2mg/kg)、腺苷A2A受体特异性激动剂CGS21680(0.5mg/kg)和同体积(0.25ml)载体溶液(二甲基亚砜+生理盐水)腹膜腔注射,10min后待用.前述各组别小鼠均进行旷场、高架十字迷宫和强迫游泳实验,测定各组小鼠的运动活性、焦虑和抑郁样行为.结果 与WT组比较,A2AKO组旷场总运动路程缩短(P<0.001),周边区域的滞留时间延长(P<0.05),进入高架十字迷宫开臂的次数及在开臂滞留时间减少(P<0.05),强迫游泳的累计不动时间无显著差异(P>0.05),而CGS21680组旷场总运动路程缩短(P<0.01),周边区域滞留时间延长(P<0.01),进入高架十字迷宫开臂的次数及在开臂的滞留时间减少(P<0.01),强迫游泳的累计不动时间延长(P<0.001),而SCH58261组旷场总运动路程和中心区域活动路程延长(P<0.001),强迫游泳的累计不动时间缩短(P<0.01),高架十字迷宫试验各项指标无显著差异(P>0.05).结论 腺苷A2A受体激动剂可减少小鼠的自发和探索行为,加重焦虑和抑郁情绪,该效应与腺苷A2A受体基因敲除引发的效应相似,与腺苷A2A受体拮抗剂引发效应相反.%Objective To explore the effects of gene knock-out, agonist or inhibitor of adenosine A2A receptor on the locomotor activity, and anxiety- or depression-like behavior of mice. Methods Male C57BL/6 mice, comprising those underwent gene knock-out of adenosine AjA receptor (AjaKO) and their wild-type (WT) littermates, were assigned into A2A KO group and WT group. Another batch of male C57BL/6, specific

  16. Abundance, distribution and trend of the lesser spotted eagle (Aquila pomarina breeding population in Slovakia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dravecký Miroslav

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Odhad pocetnosti hniezdnej populácie orla kriklavého na Slovensku bol publikovaný v rokoch 1955-2002. V tejto štúdii odhadujeme pocetnost hniezdnej populácie orla kriklavého k rokom 1997 a 2014. K roku 1997 bol odhadnutý celkový pocet 762 párov. V roku 2002 bol publikovaný odhad pocetnosti k roku 2000 vo výške 800-900 párov. K roku 2014 odhadujeme pocetnost hniezdnej populácie orla kriklavého na Slovensku na 600-800 párov a klesajúci trend vývoja populácie v rokoch 2000-2013 priemerne -23%. Náš odhad je podložený výsledkami extrapolácie údajov, získaných v rokoch 2011-2013 z ôsmich vybraných chránených vtácích území v rámci riešenia projektu LIFE09 NAT/SK/000396 „Ochrana orla kriklavého na Slovensku“. Pri štatistickej analýze pocetnosti, hustôt a trendov pre celý areál hniezdneho rozšírenia druhu na Slovensku sme vychádzali zo sumarizovaných poctov hniezdnych párov, ich hustôt a trendov vo vybraných územiach a z ich stratifikácie podla výsledkov ANOVA a zhlukovej analýzy. Pre 8 chránených vtácích území vcelku (n = 8 i v clenení podla kvadrátov Databanky Fauny Slovenska (n = 119 sme vypocítali intervalové odhady stredných hodnôt poctu párov (prosté i vážené aritmetické priemery a mediány. Ich sumarizáciou pri postupnom zväcšovaní vzorky (n = 8, 9, 11a 12 a extrapoláciou na celý areál hniezdneho rozšírenia druhu na Slovensku (ca 28 935 km2 sa výsledné odhady stredných hodnôt stabilizovali na úrovni 670 (aritmetický priemer s 95%LCL = 507 a 95%UCL = 834 resp. 765 (medián s 95%LCL = 393 a 95%UCL = 841 hniezdnych párov. Ako najspolahlivejší odhad pocetnosti hniezdnej populácie orla kriklavého na Slovensku k roku 2014 vychádza medián 765 párov v 95 %-nom intervale spolahlivosti od 393 do 841 párov a s medzikvartilovým rozpätím od 418 do 835 párov. Odhadujeme 23 %-ný pokles celoslovenskej populácie v rokoch 2000-2013, co predstavuje mierny

  17. Fenomen “krov” u sociolingivstici (s romanskim primjerima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarko Muljačić

    1984-12-01

    tipa (Švicarska Konfederacija, sa svojim kantonima, koji su ponekad dvojezični i višejezidni. Funkcije "krova" obavljaju jezici po izgradjenosti koji mogu biti dominantni ili kodominantni. U prvom slučaju nalazimo "jednostruki krov" a u drugom "složeni krov". Autoi izražava nadu da će slijepo ili u najmanju ruku nedobrovoljno prihvaćanje "krova" (do nedavna na snazi u centralističkim zemljama, sa reperkusijama koje još nisu uklonjene biti zamijenjeno s dobrovoljnim prihvaćanjem "krova", koji u zajedništvu ne smije biti "jednostruk" nego "složen" (jedna viša forma, koju autor naziva "složeni makro-krov", pokriva uostalom tiho i skoro nevidljivo sve evropske jezike, pa čak i one koji nisu članovi indoevropske jezične obitelji, U romanskom svijetu primjer za "složeni krov" je zasigurno Švicarska (nevolje izazvahe ressentimentom stanovništva novoosnovanog kantona Jura su prolazne prirode. Autor se takodjer ukratko osvrće na recentne pojave etnicističkih pokreta koji za "male" jezike po izgradjenosti u nastajanju nisu opasni ako se radi o stanovništvu koje već ima "svoj" jezik po izgradjenosti, nastao na osnovu forme i supstance istog "jezika po udaljenosti" (njem. Abstandsprache, tal. lingua per distanziazione; sit.venia verbo!. Time se misli na jezične planove pijemontskih, venetskih, lombardskih i sicilijanskih te nekih drugih autonomista (na pr. harpitanskih, u autonomnoj regiji Valle d'Aosta: Oni postaju opasni, i čovjek se ne može oteti dojmu da se radi ponekad o manipullianim pokretima po načelu: Divide et imperal, kad se unutar etničkih grupa koje su za dlaku izbjegle lingvicid ili su bile na najboljem putu da mu jednom podlegnu pojave "novi" jezici (kao što je to slučaj s najnovijim razvojem u većinski katalonskoj regiji valencija ili u nekim dijelovima okcitanije.

  18. Pre- and postsurgical diagnostics with dual-source computed tomography in cardiac surgery; Einsatz der Dual-source-Computertomographie in der prae- und postoperativen kardiochirurgischen Diagnostik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikolaou, K.; Saam, T.; Rist, C.; Johnson, T.; Reiser, M.F.; Becker, C.R. [Klinikum Grosshadern der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Institut fuer Klinische Radiologie, Muenchen (Germany); Vogt, F.; Oberhoffer, M.; Reichart, B. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen, Herzchirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Muenchen (Germany)

    2007-04-15

    -source CT shows great diagnostic potential in patients before or after cardiac surgery. DSCT provides a high diagnostic accuracy for detection of coronary artery stenosis before bypass surgery. DSCT also proved to be accurate in the assessment of patients who received aortic valve replacement. (orig.) [German] Ziel der Studie war es festzustellen, in wieweit die Dual-source-Computertomographie (DSCT) verschiedene prae- und postoperative diagnostische Fragestellungen in der Kardiochirurgie zu klaeren vermag. Zwanzig Patienten wurden einer DSCT des Herzens unterzogen. Das CT-Geraet mit 2 rotierenden Roentgenroehren (Somatom Definition, Siemens Medical Solutions, Forchheim, Deutschland) erreicht eine zeitliche Aufloesung von 83 ms. Das Patientenkollektiv bestand aus 2 Subkollektiven: Bei 10 Patienten mit bekannter koronarer Herzkrankheit (KHK) wurden vor einer geplanten Bypassoperation die Ergebnisse der DSCT-Koronarangiographie (CTA) und der quantitativen Katheterangiographie (QCA) verglichen, um die diagnostische Genauigkeit der DSCT zum Nachweis signifikanter Koronarstenosen (>50%) in einem Kollektiv mit grosser Vortestwahrscheinlichkeit fuer das Vorliegen einer KHK zu evaluieren. Bei 10 weiteren Patienten wurde nach Aortenklappenersatz (Homografts) im postoperativen Verlauf die Frage untersucht, ob eine Restenose ausgeschlossen und die Aortenklappenoeffnungsflaeche (AKOeF) im Vergleich zur Echokardiographie korrekt gemessen werden kann. Im Rahmen der praeoperativen Stenosenauswertung wurden 144 von 150 Koronararteriensegmenten (96%) in der CTA als ''beurteilbar'' eingestuft. Laut QCA lag bei allen Patienten eine signifikante KHK mit insgesamt 43 signifikant stenosierten Segmenten vor. Sensitivitaet und Spezifitaet der CTA lagen in der geblindeten Analyse bei 95% (41/43) und 93% (103/111), bei einem positiven und negativen Vorhersagewert (PPV, NPV) von 79% (31/39) und 98% (103/105). Bei den 10 Patienten mit Aortenklappendiagnostik waren alle CT

  19. L'emploi alternative de certains signes, à la languen'est pas absolumais con­ditionné

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihailo Stevanović

    1972-12-01

    Full Text Available L'aoriste et le présent des verbes perfectifs, par exemple, ne sont des oppositions syntaxiques que dans la narration et non, comme on le pensait, dans chaque emploi temporal relatif. Dans les exemples du type: Lujo ogrnū haljinicu, pa se spusti na travui leže -l'aoriste pourrait être substitué par le présent, et dans l'exemple suivant: Uveče ga brat njegov Milutin uzmē te ga iznesē I sàhrani kod crkve- le present pourrait être suhstitué par l'aoriste sans que le sensde ces phrases soit nullement changé. Pourtant dans les cas comme: Mi jedanput Šćepana zàcarismo et Razbolje se Vojvoda Dojčine u Solunu gradu bijelome, le présent ne pourrait pas être employé en fonction de l'aoriste temporel relatif parce que dans le premier exemple il ne s'agit pas de narration et dans le second, malgré le caractère narratif du vers, le présent ne pourrait pas signifier sans ambiguité l'accomplissement en une seule fois de l'action, mais il aurait suggeré sa répétition- significationque l'aoristen'a pas. Le deuxième cas de l'emploi frequent des formes verhales en tautqu'oppositions syntaxiques en serbo-croateest représenté parla function que le présent perfectif et le futur II ont d'exprimer des actions quin'ont pas encore été réalisées ou dont la realization n'est pas certaine. Mais l'emploi alternatif n'est pas absolu ici non plus: il est limité par l'impossibilité du present d'exprimer un accomplissement antérieur à une realization hypothétique de l'action, tandis que le future II, à côté de ce qu'il a en commun avec le présent, il a cette signification aussi (Čim stignemo do vase kuće, odmah ćemo produžiti, ako drugi  budu došli. On cite les constructions avec les prépositions prema et k(a+ datif comme un cas qui montre que l'emploi alternatif est limité. A savoir, ces deux constructions représentent les oppositions syntaxiques au cas où le verbe principal exprime le mouvement en direction du nom employ

  20. Romanian Association of Balneology Conference – 2015, 28 – 31 May, Băile Tuşnad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUNTEANU Constantin

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available 1.\tProf. Onose G, MD, PhD, MSc, Univ. Assist. Haras MA, MD, PhD, Prof. Sinescu CJ, MD, PhD1,2, Univ. Assist. Daia CO, MD, PhD1,2, RDI Assist. Andone I, MD, Postgrad2, Onose VL, MD,3, Assist. Prof. Capisizu A, MD, PhD1,4, Prof. Grigorean VT, MD, PhD1,2, Assoc. Prof. Ciobotaru C, MD, PhD5,6, Sandu AM, MD, Postgrad.2, Assist. Prof. Blendea CD, MD, PhD7, 8 - BASIC WELLNESS FEATURES AND SOME RELATED ACTIONS, PROPENSIVE INCLUDING FOR ACTIVE AND HEALTHY AGEING - 2.\tOlga SURDU, T.V. SURDU, Monica SURDU - STATE OF ART of balneotherapy/thermalisme in Romania 3.\tIliuta Maria Alexandra - THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITION IN HEALTH PROGRAMS 4.\tDr. Dogaru Gabriela - THERAPEUTIC EFFECTS OF MINERAL WATERS IN RENAL DISEASES 5.\tVeryho N.S. - THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF MINERAL WATER WITH DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF HUMIC ACIDS IN EXPERIMENTAL HEPATITIS INDUCED BY ACETAMINOPHEN 6.\tIoana Marian - SPA SEEN AS AN EXTENSION OF A HEALTH RESORT - A NECESSARY CONDITION FOR INTEGRATING ROMANIA IN THE LIST OF GLOBAL WELLNESS TOURISM DESTINATIONS 7.\tBilha Neli-Claudia, Bilha Stefan - THE BALNEARY TREATMENT COURSE – A BREATH OF LIFE 8.\tBilha Neli-Claudia, Bilha Stefan - WICH SALT MINE DO YOU RECOMMEND FOR SPELEOTHERAPY? Interdisciplinary project proposal. 9.\tGáspár Boróka, Gabriela Dogaru - BALNEOTHERAPY IN THE BOGHIŞ RESORT 10.\tDr. Luminita Aurelia Pasca - REHABILITATION OF ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE 11.\tDr. Luminita Aurelia Pasca, Dr. Valer Donca - GEROVITAL – PROPHYLAXIS OF AGING AND GERIATRIC TREATMENT 12.\tAndronache Cristina - IMPORTANCE OF REHABILITATION TREATMENT IN HEMOPHILIC ARTHROPATHY – A CASE REPORT 13.\tDr. Motricala Marieta, Molnar Akos - BALNEOTHERAPY IN BAILE TUSNAD 14.\tIoana Pop, Bianca Pop - MEDICAL REHABILITATION IN NEUROPATHIC PAIN 15.\tAmalia Salca¹, Nicoleta Stoica1, Gabriela Dogaru¹,² - BALNEOTHERAPY IN GONARTHROSIS 16.\tAlexandru Bogdan-Cătălin, Toşa Edith-Éva - USING PULSED SHORT WAVE (DIAPULSE COMPLEMENTARY TO

  1. EFFECT OF DIFFERENT COOLING SYSTEMS ON LYING TIME OF DAIRY COWS IN CUBICLES WITH SEPARATED MANURE SOLIDS BEDDING VPLYV ROZDIELNYCH SYSTÉMOV OCHLADZOVANIA NA DOBU LEŢANIA DOJNÍC USTAJNENÝCH V LEŢISKOVÝCH BOXOCH PODSTIELANÝCH SEPAROVANÝM KALOM HNOJOVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana LENDELOVÁ

    2012-12-01

    sprchový systém s ventilátormi. Aktivity a odpočinok zvierat boli hodnotené v 10 minútových intervaloch pomocou kamerového systému po dobu 24 hodín. K štatistickému vyhodnoteniu získaných údajov bola pouţitá neparametrická Kruskal-Wallisová jednofaktorová analýza rozptylu a mnohonásobný porovnávací test k zisťovaniu preukaznosti rozdielov jednotlivých prejavov správania medzi skupinami dojníc. Zvýšené prúdenie vzduchu ventilátormi malo pozitívny účinok a zosilnilo ochladzovací efekt zvierat vyuţívajúcich evaporačné ochladzovanie sprchovým systémom. Bolo zistené preukazné predĺţenie celkovej doby leţania a skrátenie doby státia. Zvieratá v skupine SV so sprchami a ventilátormi leţali v boxoch dlhšie ako v skupine S so sprchami bez ventilátorov (10.76 h*d-1*ks-1 oproti 7.71 h*d-1*ks-1, P<0.001. Celkové leţanie v skupine SV predstavovalo 11.31 h*d-1*ks-1a v skupine S 10.22 h*d-1*ks-1. Menej ochladzované zvieratá v skupine bez ventilátorov preukazne viac zalíhali do chodby (2.52 h*d-1*ks-1 oproti 0.56 h*d-1*ks-1, P<0.001, a to aj v nočnom období.

  2. Spomenik ninskom biskupu Francescu Grassiju u Chioggi: prilog najranijoj aktivnosti venecijanskog kipara Paola Callala

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Tulić

    2014-12-01

    Tagliapietre (Venecija, 1680. – 1747.. U Dalmaciji se relativno skroman opus dosada uočenih Callalovih sastoji od dva mramorna anđela postavljena uz glavni oltar u župnoj crkvi u Vodicama te četiri putta svirača smještena sa strane glavnog oltara, kao i onih na bočnom oltaru u župnoj crkvi u Sutivanu na otoku Braču. No, Callalovu ruku moguće je prepoznati i u jednoj skulpturi iz pozamašnog kiparskog programa na oltaru Presvetog Sakramenta u zadarskoj katedrali. Arhitekturu je 1719. izradio Antonio Viviani dok je bogatu kiparsku dekoraciju najvećim dijelom isklesao Francesco Cabianca (Venecija, 1666. - 1737.. U središnjoj niši oltara smješten je manji mramorni kip Žalosne Bogorodice s mrtvim Kristom u krilu. Mramorna zadarska Pietà teško se uklapa u katalog Francesca Cabiance, pogotovo ako se ima u vidu njegov kip istoimene tematike postavljen oko 1714. nad vrata u klaustru venecijanske crkve I Frari. Cabiancina venecijanska Pietà posjeduje oštrinu poteza dlijeta, određenu grubost izvedbe i robustnost tijela te drugačiju fizionomiju i draperiju od zadarskog djela. No, zadarska se Pietà može uključiti u katalog kipara Paola Callala. Pažljivo modelirani lik žalosne Majke te meko oblikovanu draperiju koja se oko stopala radijalno širi prema van možemo usporediti s kipovima Vjere i Nade na oltaru Sakramenta katedrale u Udine, nastalom nakon 1720. godine. Paralele u modeliranju Kristova tijela, a posebno lica suzdržane mimike, nalazimo na kipu Uskrslog na tabernakulu već spominjanog udineškog oltara, kao i u istovjetnom kipu na tabernakulu oltara župne crkve u Clauzettu, što ga također pripisujem Callalu, ali i na ranijim monumentalnijim primjerima, poput Krista s oltara Preobraženja nastalom 1708. za župnu crkvu u Labinu. Callalov spomenik ninskom biskupu Francescu Grassiju u Chioggi važan je pokazatelj razvoja osobnog stila majstora. Njegov se izričaj tako transformira iz ovog „mladenačkog djela“ punog siline i robusnosti u lirsku

  3. Prikazi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drahomira Gavranović

    2012-02-01

    zbornika jest i tema vlasništva pojedinog primjerka stare knjige. Upravo tu temu obradio je D. Shaw pod naslovom Tko je bio vlasnik ove knjige? Proučavanje porijekla knjiga u europskim razmjerima. Autor naglašava važnost katalogizacije na temelju pojedinog primjerka jer se jedino tako u kataložnom zapisu mogu zabilježiti sve karakteristike i posebnosti pojedinog primjerka građe. Upravo takav postupak opisa potaknuo je razvoj područja kojim se bavi autor u svome radu - proučavanja porijekla knjige. Važnost proučavanja prethodnih vlasnika jasno se vidi u mogućnosti okupljanja raspršenih knjižnica i privatnih zbirki koje svoju „pripadnost“ određenoj zbirci ponekad mogu dokazati jedino obilježjima vlasnika ili knjižnice kojoj su nekoć pripadali. Osim vlastoručnih potpisa vlasnika i pečata knjižnice, dokazi o prijašnjim vlasnicima mogu se istražiti i uz pomoć signatura, ex librisa, pečata na uvezima itd. Veliku pomoć u toj vrsti istraživanja pruža i Konzorcij europskih knjižnica (CERL koji nudi mrežnu bazu podataka o porijeklu knjiga. Posljednji rad u ovoj cjelini izradila je doktorska studentica M. Tomić pod naslovom Podaci o povijesti primjerka u hrvatskim katalozima stare i rijetke građe. Autorica je prikupila dostupne (tiskane kataloge te je kroz te kataloge i kataložne zapise starih i rijetkih knjiga u online katalozima istražila koliko se bilježe podaci o porijeklu primjerka. U radu su prikazani rezultati spomenutog istraživanja s posebnim osvrtom na podatke o povijesti primjerka ukoliko su (i ako su uopće uključeni u tiskane kataloge stare i rijetke građe u hrvatskim knjižnicama te u online katalozima hrvatskih knjižnica. Dodana vrijednost ovoga rada jest i bibliografija kataloga inkunabula, kataloga knjiga i rukopisa koji se nalaze u muzejskim knjižnicama i crkvenim ustanovama te kataloga izložbi starih i rijetkih knjiga. Neki od izvora koji su istraženi nisu ranije uključivani u postojeće bibliografije stare gra