WorldWideScience

Sample records for aita graf fritsas

  1. Tõmbed ja tõukumised / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Margaret Atwood. Pime palgamõrvar; Sebastian Faulks. Charlotte Gray; Peter Carey. Oscar ja Lucinda; Kurt Vonnegut. Sinihabe; Aita Kivi. Jumalakäpp; Aita Kivi. Lummus; Raymond Radiguet. Saatan ihus; Wendu Northcutt. Darwini auhinnad; Merike Hanni. Ümberõpe; Merike Hanni. Tori hobune; Friedrich Schiller. Maria Stuart

  2. BATAS ATAS BILANGAN RAMSEY UNTUK GRAF BINTANG DAN GRAF BIPARTIT LENGKAP

    OpenAIRE

    Rosyida, Isnaini

    2008-01-01

    Misal G dan H dua buah graf sebarang, bilangan Ramsey R(G,H) adalah bilangan asli terkecil n sehingga untuk setiap graf F dengan n titik akan memuat G atau komplemen dari F memuat H. Makalah ini akan membahas batas atas dari bilangan Ramsey untuk graf bintang Sn dan graf bipartit lengkap Kp,q. Khususnya, kita akan menunjukkan batas atas dari R(Sn, K2,q) serta batas atas dari R(Sn, Kp,q) untuk n ≥ 5, 3 ≤ p ≤ n-1 dan q ≤ 2.Kata Kunci : Bilangan Ramsey, Graf Bintang dan Bipartit

  3. Karakteristik Himpunan Kritis dalam Pelabelan TSA pada Graf Pohon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triyani Triyani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sebuah himpunan kritis dalam pelabelan Total Sisi Ajaib (TSA,  pada graf G adalah subhimpunan label sedemikian sehingga label tersebut membangun pelabelan TSA secara tunggal. Konsep himpunan kritis pada pelabelan graf ini merupakan pengembangan teori dari himpunan kritis dalam bujur sangkar latin yang dikemukakan oleh Cooper dkk (1994. Artikel ini bertujuan menginvestigasi karakteristik himpunan kritis dalam pelabelan TSA pada graf pohon. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jika G adalah graf pohon, maka himpunan kritis dengan ukuran minimal dalam pelabelan TSA pada G sama dengan banyaknya daun di G. Kata Kunci : himpunan kritis minimal, pelabelan TSA, graf TSA

  4. Kahjunõue aitas Kalevi kasumisse / Katre Pilvinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilvinski, Katre

    2008-01-01

    Oliver Kruudale kuuluval Kalevil aitas kasumisse jõuda ära jäänud Kalevi ja Tere müügitehing, mis tekitas ettevõtet osta soovinud Alta Capitalile hiiglaslikud kahjunõuded. Diagramm: Kalevi kasum tegevusalade lõikes

  5. Otto Graf Lambsdorff in memoriam / Wolter von Tiesenhausen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiesenhausen, Wolter von

    2010-01-01

    Baltisaksa päritolu liberaalsest saksa poliitikust Otto Graf Lambsdorff'ist, kes täitis mitmel korral Saksamaa majandusministri kohuseid. Lisaks baltisaksa päritolule olid tal Baltimaadega isiklikud poliitilised seosed, vend Hagen töötas Saksa saatkonnas Riias ja poeg Nikolaus teenis diplomaadina Tallinnas. President Lennart Meri omistas Otto Graf Lambsdorffile Maarjamaa risti I klassi teenetemärgi

  6. Max Graf's "Reminiscences of Professor Sigmund Freud" revisited: new evidence from the Freud archives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakefield, Jerome C

    2007-01-01

    Recently derestricted Freud Archive interviews with Max and Herbert Graf and Herbert's wife shed new light on Max Graf's article, "Reminiscences of Professor Sigmund Freud," published in The Psychoanalytic Quarterly in 1942. To explain discrepancies between the interviews and the earlier article, the author postulates that, in the article, Max Graf purposely distorted or omitted certain details in order not to reveal Herbert's identity as "Little Hans" (Freud 1909). The interviews place incidents reported in the article in a new and more complex light, and also underscore the intensely personal nature of the intellectual development of the psychoanalytic movement.

  7. GRAF1 deficiency blunts sarcolemmal injury repair and exacerbates cardiac and skeletal muscle pathology in dystrophin-deficient mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lenhart, Kaitlin C; O'Neill, Thomas J; Cheng, Zhaokang; Dee, Rachel; Demonbreun, Alexis R; Li, Jianbin; Xiao, Xiao; McNally, Elizabeth M; Mack, Christopher P; Taylor, Joan M

    2015-01-01

    The plasma membranes of striated muscle cells are particularly susceptible to rupture as they endure significant mechanical stress and strain during muscle contraction, and studies have shown that defects in membrane repair can contribute to the progression of muscular dystrophy. The synaptotagmin-related protein, dysferlin, has been implicated in mediating rapid membrane repair through its ability to direct intracellular vesicles to sites of membrane injury. However, further work is required to identify the precise molecular mechanisms that govern dysferlin targeting and membrane repair. We previously showed that the bin-amphiphysin-Rvs (BAR)-pleckstrin homology (PH) domain containing Rho-GAP GTPase regulator associated with focal adhesion kinase-1 (GRAF1) was dynamically recruited to the tips of fusing myoblasts wherein it promoted membrane merging by facilitating ferlin-dependent capturing of intracellular vesicles. Because acute membrane repair responses involve similar vesicle trafficking complexes/events and because our prior studies in GRAF1-deficient tadpoles revealed a putative role for GRAF1 in maintaining muscle membrane integrity, we postulated that GRAF1 might also play an important role in facilitating dysferlin-dependent plasma membrane repair. We used an in vitro laser-injury model to test whether GRAF1 was necessary for efficient muscle membrane repair. We also generated dystrophin/GRAF1 doubledeficient mice by breeding mdx mice with GRAF1 hypomorphic mice. Evans blue dye uptake and extensive morphometric analyses were used to assess sarcolemmal integrity and related pathologies in cardiac and skeletal muscles isolated from these mice. Herein, we show that GRAF1 is dynamically recruited to damaged skeletal and cardiac muscle plasma membranes and that GRAF1-depleted muscle cells have reduced membrane healing abilities. Moreover, we show that dystrophin depletion exacerbated muscle damage in GRAF1-deficient mice and that mice with dystrophin/GRAF1

  8. Correlation between inter-vertebral disc morphology and the results in patients undergoing Graf ligament stabilisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askar, Zahid; Wardlaw, Douglas; Muthukumar, Thillainayagamike; Smith, Frank; Kader, Deiary; Gibson, Suzy

    2004-12-01

    Previous studies have shown Graf ligament stabilisation procedure to give mixed results in the short to medium term. The aim of this study was to correlate the pre-operative state of the disc, multifidus muscles, age of the patient, levels operated and the clinical outcome after a mean follow-up of 47 months. Graf ligament stabilisation procedure was carried out in 38 patients between 1996 and 1999. Their post-operative status was assessed using MacNab criteria. The post-operative follow-up was by postal questionnaires and review of the clinical notes. Disc morphology and multifidus muscle wasting was graded blindly and independently. The intra- and interobserver reliability was measured with kappa score and classified using the kappa classification of Landis and Koch. Correlation was measured with the help of Spearman correlation coefficient. Thirty-eight patients (100%) returned the questionnaires. Mean follow-up time was 47.55 months. Fifty-nine levels were operated on. Mean age was 39.68 years. The overall re-operation rate was 15.8%. The intra- and interobserver reliability was graded as good to substantial. Twenty-two patients (57.89%) were satisfied with the procedure. There was no statistically significant correlation between disc morphology, multifidus muscle wasting, sex, age, number of levels operated, the levels operated, and the satisfaction rate. The indications of Graf ligament stabilisation procedure are not clear. Further work is necessary to clearly identify the indication for the procedure.

  9. [Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garleff, Michael, 1940-

    2011-01-01

    Baltisches Welterlebnis. Die kulturgeschichtliche Bedeutung von Alexander, Eduard und Hermann Graf Keyserling. Beiträge eines internationalen Symposium in Tartu vom 19. bis 21. September 2003. Heidelberg : Universitätsverlag Winter, 2007

  10. Reflexionant sobre el lloc i la cultura: un geògraf americà a Catalunya

    OpenAIRE

    Gade, Daniel W.

    2006-01-01

    En aquest assaig sobre la geografia del cor, aprofito la meva experiència a Catalunya per tal de poder expressar algunes reflexions sobre com els geògrafs descobreixen la materialitat del lloc i com un contacte forani pot arribar a transformar el propi pensament. Una inspiració així va arribar de Goethe (viatger d´esperit obert), de Herder (promotor del valor de la diversitat lingüística-cultural), de Humboldt (científic encuriosit per les terres estrangeres) de Royce (filòsof ...

  11. Grafía, el trabajo en una agencia de prensa especializada en infográficos (6

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Alonso

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El periodista gráfico Julio Alonso conoció los 'secretos' de la infografía en el diario 'El País' (Madrid y después se ocupó de la dirección de arte de la Agencia Grafía, la primera entidad de este tipo dedicada a la realización de infografía para medios impresos. El trabajo aquí presentado data del periodo en que Alonso trabajó en Grafía y corresponde a la lección impartida en el curso sobre infografía periodística celebrado en la Universidad Internacional Menéndez y Pelayo, en su sede de Cuenca. Se trata de la sexta entrega del libro colectivo sobre infografía periodística, iniciado por Mario R. García, del Poynter Institute de Florida (EE.UU., y continuado por Elio Leturia, grafista del diario norteamericano The Detroit Free Press; por el catedrático de Periodismo José Manuel de Pablos, de la Universidad de La Laguna (Canarias; el ex director de arte del diario Le Monde (París, Michel Gafré, y el profesor Kevin G. Barnhurst, de la Siracuse University.

  12. Setting up of Nuclide GRAF-3S spark source mass spectrometer for the analysis of high purity materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mahalingam, T.R.; Murugaiyan, P.; Soni, K.S.; Venkateswarlu, Ch.

    1975-01-01

    A spark source mass spectrometer model GRAF-35 manufactured by the Nuclide Corporation, U.S.A., was set up for analysis of nuclear-grade and high purity materials. The main difficulty with its successful operation was to achieve and maintain the required level of vacuum i.e. less than 2X10 -8 torr in the magnetic analyser region. With 100 1/s ion pump, the required vacuum could be achieved, but the spectrometer required periodical baking which minimises the life of the instrument. The pumping system was replaced by Ultek Boostivac pump - a combination of ion pump (150 1/s) and a titanium sublimation pump (1000 1/sec speed for condensable vapours) which eliminated baking as the necessary level of vacuum could be easily achieved whenever required. Results of the analysis of zone-refined indium and uranium for trace impurities are given. (M.G.B.)

  13. Comparison between Graf method and pubo-femoral distance in neutral and flexion positions to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teixeira, Sara R.; Dalto, Vitor F.; Maranho, Daniel A.; Zoghbi-Neto, Orlando S.; Volpon, José B.; Nogueira-Barbosa, Marcello H.

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • The article adds information about the pubo-femoral distance (PFD) used as a simple tool to detect dysplastic hips in neonates. This articles shows that the PFD is comparable with the “gold standard” Graf method for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip and it can be used as a screening tool for its diagnosis, regardless the radiologists’ experience, with high accuracy. - Abstract: Purposes: To evaluate whether the pubo-femoral distance (PFD) can be used as an accurate screening test to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in an at-risk population compared with the Graf method. Second, to determine whether PFD assessment is feasible and reproducible regardless of the observer's experience. Materials and methods: IRB approved this retrospective single-institution study. Written informed consent was waived. Between January 2010 and March 2012, 116 neonates at risk for DDH were included. Infants’ hips were distributed into two groups according to recommendation for treatment: non-dysplastic (ND; Graf I/IIA; 211 hips; 69 females/37 males) and dysplastic hip (DH; Graf IIB/IIC/III/D/IV; 21 hips; 8 females/3 males). One resident and one experienced radiologist reviewed ultrasonography images performed in the fourth week. To compare the groups, Student's t and Mann–Whitney tests for normally and non-normally distributed covariates were performed. Accuracy of PFD to diagnose DDH was calculated. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to assess inter-observer agreement. Results: Mean PFDs of ND group were 3.09 mm at neutral position and 3.64 mm with the hip flexed. Mean PFDs of DH group were 6.29 mm and 7.59 mm, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PFD were 94.4%, 93.4%, and 97.2% (cut-off = 4.6 mm) at neutral position and 94.4%, 89.0%, and 95.5% (cut-off = 4.9 mm) with hip flexed. ICCs were 0.852 and 0.864, respectively. Conclusions: PFD is comparable with Graf method, enabling

  14. Comparison between Graf method and pubo-femoral distance in neutral and flexion positions to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Teixeira, Sara R., E-mail: steixeira@hcrp.usp.br [Division of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil); Dalto, Vitor F., E-mail: fdalto@gmail.com [Division of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil); Maranho, Daniel A., E-mail: dacmaranho@gmail.com [Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine, and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil); Zoghbi-Neto, Orlando S., E-mail: zoghbi47@gmail.com [Division of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil); Volpon, José B., E-mail: jbvolpon@fmrp.usp.br [Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine, and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil); Nogueira-Barbosa, Marcello H., E-mail: marcello@fmrp.usp.br [Division of Radiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo 14049-090 (Brazil)

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • The article adds information about the pubo-femoral distance (PFD) used as a simple tool to detect dysplastic hips in neonates. This articles shows that the PFD is comparable with the “gold standard” Graf method for the diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip and it can be used as a screening tool for its diagnosis, regardless the radiologists’ experience, with high accuracy. - Abstract: Purposes: To evaluate whether the pubo-femoral distance (PFD) can be used as an accurate screening test to diagnose developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in an at-risk population compared with the Graf method. Second, to determine whether PFD assessment is feasible and reproducible regardless of the observer's experience. Materials and methods: IRB approved this retrospective single-institution study. Written informed consent was waived. Between January 2010 and March 2012, 116 neonates at risk for DDH were included. Infants’ hips were distributed into two groups according to recommendation for treatment: non-dysplastic (ND; Graf I/IIA; 211 hips; 69 females/37 males) and dysplastic hip (DH; Graf IIB/IIC/III/D/IV; 21 hips; 8 females/3 males). One resident and one experienced radiologist reviewed ultrasonography images performed in the fourth week. To compare the groups, Student's t and Mann–Whitney tests for normally and non-normally distributed covariates were performed. Accuracy of PFD to diagnose DDH was calculated. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to assess inter-observer agreement. Results: Mean PFDs of ND group were 3.09 mm at neutral position and 3.64 mm with the hip flexed. Mean PFDs of DH group were 6.29 mm and 7.59 mm, respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of PFD were 94.4%, 93.4%, and 97.2% (cut-off = 4.6 mm) at neutral position and 94.4%, 89.0%, and 95.5% (cut-off = 4.9 mm) with hip flexed. ICCs were 0.852 and 0.864, respectively. Conclusions: PFD is comparable with Graf method, enabling

  15. Inimlikud ihad / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Marie Darrieussecq. Sigadus; Christopher Iserwood. Hüvasti, Berliin; Herbjırg Wassmo. Dina pärandus; Anne Tyler. Taeva juhatusel; Aidi Vallik. Kuidas elad, Ann?; Marc Levy. Ja kui see oleks tõsi; Jayne Ann Krentz. Usalda mind; Pat Thomas. Peavalu

  16. Erootikaga tembitud / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Ian McEwan. Tsementaed; Enn Vetemaa. Neitsist sündinud; Kerttu Rakke. Seitse päeva; Edward Rutherfurd. London; David Guterson. Lumi langeb seedritele; Allan ja Barbara Pease. Miks mehed ei kuula ja naised ei suuda kaarti lugeda; Barbara Erskine. Kesköö - üksildane paik; Poul Anderson. Kõrge ristiretk

  17. Pikantsed pajatused / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Louis Paul Boon. Menuett; Herbjırg Wassmo. Õnne poeg; Jean Stone. Sünnipäevatüdrukud; Jo︠l Schmidt. Constantinus Suure mälestused; Mari Vallisoo. Ainsuse olevik; Catherine Coulter. Märklaud; Ross Macdonald. Mees mulla all

  18. Stiilne avarus / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Angelika ja Meelis Maalmanni perekonna korter (93 mø) Rannamõisa teel asuvas ridaelamus. Uue plaanilahenduse ja sisekujunduse autor Aet Piel. Ill.: 8 vaadet, korteri plaan enne ja nüüd. A. ja M. Maalmanni kommentaarid

  19. Teekonnad tajutunnelites / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Siri Hustvedt. Pimesi; Boris Vian. Päevade vaht; Christian Lore Weber. Altarimuusika; Kurt Vonnegut. Kassikangas; Jean Sasson. Printsess Sultana tütred; Karen Robards. Senaatori naine; Matthias Johann Eisen. Näkid, kratid, luupainajad; Mats Traat. Harala elulood; Steven L. McKenzie. Kuningas Taavet; Sally Ward. Terane laps; Ted Hughes. Luuletused

  20. Developmental dysplasia of the hip: impact of sonographic newborn hip screening on the outcome of early treated decentered hip joints-a single center retrospective comparative cohort study based on Graf's method of hip ultrasonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tschauner, Christian; Fürntrath, Frank; Saba, Yasaman; Berghold, Andrea; Radl, Roman

    2011-12-01

    PURPOSE/BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the impact of neonatal sonographic hip screening using Graf's method for the management and outcome of orthopaedic treatment of decentered hip joints with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using three decades (1978-2007) of clinical information compiled in a medical database. Three representative cohorts of consecutive cases of decentered hip joints were selected according to different search criteria and inclusion and exclusion parameters: (1) cohort 1 (1978-1982; n = 80), without sonographic screening; (2) cohort 2.1 (1994-1996; n = 91), with nationwide established general sonographic screening according to the Graf-method; (3) cohort 2.2 (2003-2005; n = 91), with sonographic screening including referred cases for open reduction from non-screened populations. These three cohorts were compared for the following parameters: age at initial treatment, successful closed reduction, necessary overhead traction, necessary adductor-tenotomy, rate of open reduction, rate of avascular necrosis (AVN) and rate of secondary acetabuloplasty. The age at initial treatment was reduced from 5.5 months in the first cohort to 2 months in the two subsequent two cohorts and the rate of successful closed reduction increased from 88.7 to 98.9 and 95.6%, respectively. There was a statistically significant improvement in six out of seven parameters with sonographic hip screening; only the rate of secondary acetabuloplasty did not improve significantly. Compared to the era before the institution of a sonographic hip screening programme according to the Graf-method in Austria in 1992, ultrasound screening based-treatment of decentered hip joints has become safer, shorter and simpler: "safer" means lower rate of AVN, "shorter" means less treatment time due to earlier onset and "simpler" means that the devices are now less invasive and highly standardized.

  1. Tundlikud ja tundelised / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : David Herbert Lawrence. Vikerkaar; Kazuo Ishiguro. Hõljuva maailma kunstnik; Vassil Bõkav. Toru; Torcuato Luca de Tena. Jumala käega; Roxanne Pulitzer. Carrie ja Gracie; Graham Robb. Victor Hugo; Scott Adams. Dilberti printsiip; Andrea Fehringer, Gerald Reischl, Clemens Stadlbauer. Sajandi suurimad pigilinnud; Gertrud Teusen. Jonniiga

  2. Kired ja kaotused / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Corinne Hofmann. Valge Masai; William Somerset Maugham. Teater; Tyne O'Connell. Parimad asjad elus; Sue Townsend. Kuninganna ja mina; Patricia D. Cornwell. Süütõendid; Koopia / Hedda Maurer, Priit Kruus, Mia Leite [Maria Savisaar]; Kristel Salu. Viljaküla Brita memuaarid; Cupido & Psuche; Marie Under. Under armastusest; Sigmund Freud. Argielu psühhopatoloogia

  3. Kirjad ja kriisid / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Maimu Veske. Continental; Maeve Haran. Tangot tantsitakse kahekesi; Zana Muhsen. Müüdud; Ingo Schulze. 33 õnnehetke; Alistair MacLean. Karusaar; Suur uneraamat, koost. Raisa Vuohelainen; Arbujad, koost. Ants Oras; Friedrich Weissensteiner. Kuulsad enesetapjad; Peter A. Clayton. Vaaraode kroonika; Lillede keel

  4. Naised aja meelevallas / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Kärt Hellerma. Kassandra; Kärt Hellerma. Alkeemia; Viivi Luik. Seitsmes rahukevad; Mary-Rose Hayes. Ametüst; Philip Kerr. Eesav; Katie Fforde. Elluärganud roos; Vello Lattik. Kass ja hiired jagavad urgu; Brenda O'Hanlon. Uni

  5. Inimeseksolemise võtmed / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Viiu Härm. Duubel kaks; Kurt Vonnegut. Titaani sireenid; Berendt, John. Südaöö hea ja kurja tundmise aias; Fern Michaels. Pühad; Erich Segal. Arstid; Maria Riva. Marlene Dietrich; Tiiu Põld. Märgitud mees

  6. Naised Idamaalt ja mujalt / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Kazuo Ishiguro. Mägede kahvatu terendus; Anchee Min. Punane asalea; Larissa Vassiljeva. Vene kroonitud peade naised; Mark T. Sullivan. Puhtaks saamine; Louise Bagshave. Pikad moonid; William Shakespeare. Shakespeare armastusest; Marie Under. Õnnevarjutus; Doris Kareva. Fraktalia; Ulrike Mara. Vihmakalad

  7. Hämmastavad esikteosed / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Andrew Miller. Salakaval valu; Helen Dewitt. Viimane samurai; Michel Faber. Naha all; Ana̐s Nin. Venuse delta; Eeva Park. Vaba langemine; Henri Troyat. Kohutavad keisrinnad; 11. september : terrorirünnaku tagamaad : / [koost. Stefan Aust, Cordt Schnibben... jt.]; Deepak Chopra. Täiuslik tervis; Charlie Jones. Elu on võrratu; Matt Ridley, Matt. Vooruse lätted

  8. Mis on elus olulisim / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Mitch Albom. Teisipäevad Morrie'ga; Santa Montefiore. Oota mind ombupuu all; Ridley Pearson. Tont teab kus; Sebastian Faulks. Linnulaul; Kerttu Rakke. Iluasjake; Merike Hanni. Kooliraha; Viivi Luik. Ajaloo ilu; Hermann Hesse. Stepihunt; Eesti luulet läbi aegade / [koostanud Marika Vingissar; Philip K. Dick. Ubik; Marion Zimmer Bradley. Avaloni udud; Kuus eesti luuletajat / koostanud Anne Lange

  9. Saates armastuse sõnumeid / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Filoloogi Mai-Liis Napa ning juristi ja kirjaniku Martin Napa perekonnast. Pereliikmete ühiseks harrastuseks on maalimine. Elatakse Lillekülas 1939. a. ehitatud majas, mis on ehitatud suuremaks ja mugavamaks. Ka Miia Masso projekteeritud talveaiast. 8 ill

  10. Alatust ülevani / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Ayn Rand. Allikas ; John Updike. Gertrud ja Glaudius ; Lion Feuchtwanger. Jefta ja tema tütar ; Erich Maria Remarque. Jaam silmapiiril ; Philippe Djian. Betty Blue ; Paul Reiser. Kahekesi ; John Grisham. Firma; Dean Koontz. Hirmu pale ; Armastuskirjad / koost. Jill Dawson ; Roald Dahl. James ja hiigelvirsik ; Spencer Johnson. Jah või ei

  11. Elistagem eestimaist. Abikaasade meelevallas / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Anton Nigov [Tõnu Õnnepalu]. Harjutused; Elme Väljaste. Kiusatus; Reet Kudu. Täiskuu ja tänavalatern; Vaapo Vaher. Surmakuul & seemnepurse; Jelena Skulskaja. Vene rulett; Inge Ojala. Asendusema ja olematud lapsed; Inge Ojala. Andesta - ma kasvasin tänaval; Barbara Vine. Korstnapühkija poeg; Charlotte Bingham. Suveaeg; Lisa Gardner. Täiuslik abikaasa; Wendy Northcutt. Darwini auhinnad 2; Dean Foster. Euroopa riikide etikett ja tavad; J. P. Donleavy. Naine, kellele meeldisid puhtad tualettruumid; Karin Altvegen. Kadunud hing; Grant Naylor. Punane kääbus; Dylan Evans. Emotsioon. Sentimenditeooria

  12. Ängist kirgastumiseni / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Frank McCourt. Jah, on küll; Kaur Kender. Ebanormaalne; Arnon Grunberg. Helesinised esmaspäevad; Melvin Burgess. Saast; Louis de Bernières. Kapten Corelli mandoliin; Jaergen-Frantz Jacobsen. Barbara; Jayne Ann Krentz. Sügavad veed; Enno Tammer. Uppumatu Estonia

  13. Lapsepõlve igavesed armid / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Tiia Kriisa. Võõras; Tove Ditlevsen. Lapsepõlve tänav; Tiina Tamman. Õie teekond; Elizabeth Kim. Kümme tuhat muret; Charles Bukowski. Postkontor; Charles Bukowski. Naised; Aarne Ruben. Volta annab kaeblikku vilet; Robyn Sisman. Lihtsalt sõbrad; Charlotte Bingham. Tähetolm; Spencer Johnson. Kes näppas minu juustu?; Jean Webster. Kallis vaenlane; Christoph Gann. Raoul Wallenberg

  14. Suhtesõlmed kire vastu / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu : Linn Ullmann. Enne kui sa uinud; Josie Lloyd, Emlyn Rees. Saame kokku; Deborah Moggach. Tulbipalavik; Victoria Clayton. Armastusest loobuja; Rosamunde Pilcher: Kaksikute tähtkujus; Hailey North. Kallis Armastuse Doktor; August Gailit. Muinasmaa; Aidi Vallik. Mis teha, Ann?; A. E. Hotchner. Papa Hemingway

  15. Mitmekordsed rollimängud / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Toomas Vint. Nädalavahetusel. Mängides; William Somerset Maugham. Jõulupuhkus; Meredith Rich. Parfüümi essents; Tordis ₍rjasaeter. Inimeste südamed : Sigrid Undset; C. David Heymann. Naine nimega Jackie; Heljo Jaik-Corradi. Mõtteid ei saa pidada; Jane Heller. Mõrvakatse merel

  16. Äraigatsuse salakajad / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Rein Põder. Hula; David Shahar. Tema majesteedi agent; Stephen Kuusisto. Pimedate planeet; Joanna Trollope. Mehed ja tütarlapsed; Detlef Jena. Venemaa tsaarinnad; Helle Helle. Maja ja kodu; Nick Hornby. Ühest poisist; Deepak Chopra. Eatu keha, ajatu vaim

  17. Väljaspool iseennast / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Jaan Kaplinski. Silm. Hektor; John Grisham. Aguliadvokaat; Kerttu Rakke. Kalevipoeg; luulekogu "Armastuse valgus", koost. Peep Ilmet; James Woodall. John Lennon ja Yoko Ono; Donald Braider. El Greco eraelu; Åke Edwardson. Tants ingliga

  18. Pärilik armastusejanu / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : John Steinbeck. Hommiku pool Eedenit; Rosamunde Pilcher. Talvine pööripäev; Joan Hohl. Võib-olla homme; Tatjana Muravskaja. Beatrice. Võõras. Kriminaalne kolmik: Håkan Nesser. Karambool, Selma Eichler. Mõrv võib tappa su seltsielu, John Dickson Carr. Kadunud võllapuu; Simon Beesley, Sheena Joughin. 20. sajandi kirjandus; Maailma parimad seltskonnamängud

  19. Sukeldumine oma ununenud ellu / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Margaret Atwood. Pinnaletõus; Christine Bückner. Pärast lahutust; Danielle Steel. Kingitus; Judith Michael. Valede võrgus; Salvador DalÍ. Geeniuse päevik; Danielle Steel. Kurjus; Vladimir Megre. Anastasia; Theodora Lau. Hiina horoskoop

  20. Sõjad iseendas ja maailmas / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2001-01-01

    Sisu : Kerttu Rakke. [Kuus, Kadi]. Kolmas printsess; August Gailit. Purpurne surm; David Sweetman. Toulouse-Lautrec; Anne Stuart. Salaarmastaja; Loomismäng / Eha Rüütel, Taimi Elenurm, Aice Pehk jt.; Kuidas mõista maalikunsti / peatoim. Alexander Sturgis; Clay Perry. Imelised õied; Vicci Bentley. Igavesti noor; Poul Anderson. Jumalate sõda

  1. Nafta aitas ettevõtted erakordsele kasumile / Silvia Viidik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viidik, Silvia, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Nafta hind on viimase nelja kuu jooksul langenud üle 55 protsendi ehk tasemele, kus ta oli 2007. aasta märtsi lõpus. Diagramm: Nafta hind. Tabel: Suuremad naftakompaniid naudivad möödunud kvartali megatulemusi

  2. Raamat (HIV-)positiivsete inimeste elust / Aita Nurga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurga, Aita

    2004-01-01

    Hiv-positiivsete toetamiseks loodud mittetulundusühing Convictus Eesti andis välja raamatu "Lihtsad jutud. Positiivsete inimeste elust" (koost. Igor Sobolev). Raamatu tekstid on nii eesti, vene kui inglise keeles

  3. Kui usaldus maksab kätte / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Sisu: Emmanuel Carrére. Vaenlane; Pam Rhodes. Siduvad köidikud; Truman Capote. Hommikueine Tiffany juures; Betty Mahmoody, William Hoffer. Ainult koos tütrega; Kerttu Rakke. Susanna ja mina; Elizabeth George. Saatuslik mäng; Panait Istrari. Chira Chiralin; Daniil Harms.Ootamatu jooming; Jüri Ehlvest. Hobune eikusagilt; Kurt Vonnegut. Komejant, ehk Hüvasti üksildus

  4. Mitmevärvilised mõtisklused / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Doris Lessing. Kuldne märkmeraamat; Rein Raud. Pisiasjad, mis omavad tähtsust; Italo Calvino. Palomar; Saul Bellow. Vihmakuningas Henderson; Danielle Steel. Rantsho; Margareta Strömstedt. Astrid Lindgren; Nicholas Davies. William - tulevane kuningas; Guntars Godinsh. Öö päike

  5. Suitsetamisega võitlemisel ei aita inimeste kiusamine / Silver Meikar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meikar, Silver, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Suitsetamise vastu võitlemisel ei tohiks kasutada rangelt seadusi vaid võimaldada soodsalt osta suitsetamisvastaseid vahendeid, leiab autor. Vt. ka: Silver Meikar: Olen valmis hoidma Eesti edu; Silver Meikar saatis lugejakirja Saksamaa päevalehtedele; Arvamusi Silver Meikarist; Silver Meikar loobus paberkandjale trükitud seaduseelnõudest

  6. Ressonàncies en plasmons sobre grafè

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaraz Iranzo, David

    2014-01-01

    Treball final de màster oficial fet en col·laboració amb Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Universitat de Barcelona (UB) i Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (ICFO) [ANGLÈS] Graphene is used as a novel, versatile plasmonic material. The most common way to implement resonant light-plasmon coupling is to etch graphene into periodic nanostructures, which is invasive. Here, we study a non-invasive way to engineer graphene plasmon resonances, based on periodic doping profiles. The plasmon r...

  7. La professió de lexicògraf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emili Pascual

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available At the present time, there is no doubt that lexicography takes up an important place in the field of language Science and that this fact involves the possibility of speaking about the scientific task carried out by properly trained professionals: the lexicographers. This article reflects on the mentioned subject, paying special attention to the characteristics of the lexicographers’ work. The first section, From the Amateur to the Professional Lexicography, explains the fact that nowadays lexicography does not remain in the hands of the amateur and the enthusiast, but in those of the professional scientist'. Lexicography has changed from «the art of making dictionaries» to «the Science and the technique of dictionaries».The second section, The Establishment of the Scientific Lexicography, comments on the importance of the Exeter International Convention of Lexicography (1983, the creation of EURALEX and the union of efforts and research works with the aim of determining the lexicographical science. The third section focuses explicitly on the several points of the lexicographer’s work. In this central part of the article, lexicography is placed within the limits of applied linguistics and, therefore, they insist on the fact that the lexicographer is not basically a language theorist The basic assignments in the treatment of the subject matters are commented, and the lexicographer's work is related to the rest of the branches of language science and the need to attend to questions that were obviated from dictionaries not long ago; treatment of macro and micro- structure, problems of definition, indications for the use of verbs, noun position and combinatory, etc. Finally, the importance of the lexicographer in the establishment of language use and the need of collaboration with other specialized professionals is commented, as well as the Computer Services available for those who take up dictionary making.

  8. Icono-grafía, cali-grafía, auto-grafía. Sobre el arte de la visualización en los diarios del viaje americano de Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ottmar Ette

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung In Gemälden, die den späten Alexander von Humboldt zeigen, finden sich bildlich verdichtete Zeichen seines wissenschaftlichen Lebens. So erinnert das Bild des von Humboldt nicht ganz bestiegenen Chimborazo an die epistemische Funktion des Unabgeschlossenen in seiner Arbeit, während Karte, Globus und die charakteristische Körperhaltung auf die zentrale Bedeutung der Bewegung und auf das „Schreiben im Angesicht der Dinge“ verweisen. Auffällig ist die Präsenz des Schreibmaterials in den Bildern, das als Verweis auf die lebenslange Bedeutung der Amerikanischen Reisetagebücher verstanden werden kann. In diesen kommen wiederum die zentralen Momente der Humboldtian Science zum Ausdruck. Der Charakter des work in progress und die konsequente Relationalität der Darstellung zeigen die epistemologischen Konstanten dieser Wissenschaft genauso an wie die in der Handschrift erkennbare Dimension der Körper-Leiblichkeit. Resumen En las pinturas que retratan al erúdito Alexander von Humboldt encontramos densos signos visuales las cuales simbolizan su vida científica. La imagen del Chimborazo, cuya cima Humboldt no había alcanzado, recuerda la función epistémica de lo inacabado en su obra, mientras que la carta, el globo y su postura típica remiten al central significado del movimiento y al “escribir de cara a las cosas”. La presencia de sus objetos de escritura en las imagenes llama la atención, ya que se puede entender como referencia al significado de los diarios del viaje americano escritos durante toda la vida. En aquellos se ponen de manifiesto los momentos centrales del Humboldtian Science. El carácter del work in progress y la relacionalidad consecuente de la representación muestran las constantes epistemológicas de esta ciencia así como la dimensión de lo corporal en los manuscritos. Summary In the paintings showing the late Alexander von Humboldt, there are figuratively condensed signs of his scientific achievements. Thus the image of the Chimborazo Humboldt did not climb to the top evokes the epistemological function of incompleteness in his work, while map, globe, and the characteristic body posture refer to the central value of motion and of a way of „writing face to face with the objects“. The presence of writing materials in the paintings is striking which may be understood as an indication to the lifelong importance of the American Travel Diaries. They in turn represent the central themes of the Humboldtian Science. The characterization of work in progress and the consistent relational dimension of the representation indicate the epistemological constants of this science just as well as the dimension of corporality which emerges recognizably from the handwriting.

  9. Tallinna ametnikud soovitavad kaitsta lapsi Haemofilus influenza vastu vaktsineerides / Aita Nurga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurga, Aita

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna sotsiaal- ja tervishoiuameti immuniseerimise teabepäeval rõhutati vajadust kaitsta lapsi vaktsineerimisega Haemofilus influenza vastu, millest põhjustatud haigestumised, sealhulgas meningiidne kurtus, on viimasel ajal Eestis sagenenud

  10. USA kongresmen Chandler - sõber, kes aitas Eestil tunnustust leida / Eric A. Johnson, Oliver Prits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Johnson, Eric A.

    2008-01-01

    Advokaadi ja USA kongressi liikme Walter M. Chandleri (1867-1935) tegevusest Balti riikide de jure tunnustamiseks. Lisatud: USA valitsuse avaldus Balti riikide tunnustamisest ; väike elulugu : Jeesuse advokaat

  11. Iraani president: USA võim aitas kaasa terrorirünnakute korraldamisele / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    ÜRO peaassambleel kõne pidanud Iraani presidendi Mahmoud Ahmadinejadi hinnangul on kapitalism kokku varisemas ja on tekkinud vajadus uue maailma juhtimise süsteemi järele. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad leidis, et ameeriklased võisid ära kasutada üht terrorirühmitust ja aidata sellel rünnakuid korraldada. USA, EL-i riikide, Austraalia, Uus-Meremaa, Kanada ja Costa Rica delegatsioonid lahkusid saalist

  12. Nafta hind aitas Vene börsi rekordile / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Nafta hinna tõus on avaldanud Venemaa aktsiaturgudele positiivset mõju, tõstes aktsiahinna indeksi kõigi aegade kõrgeima tasemeni. Diagramm: RTS võttis eile rekordtaseme juures hoo maha. Tabel: Venemaa aktsiatehingute teenustasud Eesti maaklerfirmades

  13. Rasputin aitas Putini mõtlemisse süveneda / Indrek Saar ; interv. Illar Mõttus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Indrek, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Näitleja ja riigikogulane Indrek Saar oma rollist suvelavastuses "Rasputin". Ta annab hinnangu Gruusia sündmustele, osalemisest erakonna esindajana nn. krokodillide komisjonis, mis arutas riigieelarvet

  14. Müüdid ja mälestused mõttelennu meelevallas / Aita Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Aita, 1954-

    2000-01-01

    Sisu : Maimu Berg. Ära; Liam O'Flaherty. Must org; Victoria Holt. Menfreya; Tomás Eloy MartÍnez. Püha Evita; Ervin Õunapuu. Teie mälestuseks, kes iganes te olete ja kus asute; Anne Kahro. Viie kella tee

  15. Van graf tot wieg ; de rol van fintech door de generaties heen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, A. de; Bakas, A.

    2015-01-01

    Als financiële dienstverlener moet je rekening houden met mensen van alle leeftijden en uit alle lagen van de bevolking. Van de hulpbehoevende senior tot de nieuwsgierige kleuter. We vroegen 2 experts wat verschillende levensfasen typeert, hoe deze persona’s tegen technologie aankijken en hoe

  16. Soomlaste oma Eesti ajalugu / Heino Arumäe, Mati Graf, Priit Raudkivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arumäe, Heino

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Seppo Zetterberg. Viron historia. Helsinki, 2007. Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seuran Toimituksia ; 1118. Tegemist on mahukaima mitteeestlase sulest ilmunud Eesti ajalugu käsitleva teosega. Teos on mõeldud soome lugejale. Rikkalikult illustreeritud raamatu paljude fotode autor on Seppo Zetterberg ise

  17. SAP aitas Politsei- ja Piirivalveameti finantstöötajate arvu vähendada ligi kolm korda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Politsei- ja Piirivalveamet võttis kasutusele SAP tarkvara, mis on võimeline muutma asutuse finantsjuhtimise, personali-, palgaarvestuse ja logistika valdkondade tööprotsessid efektiivsemaks ja automatiseeritumaks

  18. Kus viga näed laita, seal ära aita - teater, mis uurib sugri tehnoteadvust / Janar Ala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ala, Janar, 1979-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinnas Põhuteatris 26. augustil esietendunud lavastusest "Sugrierror.com", kus osalevad lisaks eestlastele handid, mansid, marid, udmurt ja seto. Lavastuse ettevalimistusperioodist ja nn. sugri temaatikast

  19. Juudi sõduri aitas vabadusse sakslaste "härra Hezbollah" / Kadri Veermäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veermäe, Kadri

    2011-01-01

    Iisrael sõlmis Gaza sektorit kontrolliva rühmitusega Hamas leppe, mille raames Iisrael vabastab 1000 Palestiina vangi kui Hamas vabastab 2006. aastal Gaza mässuliste poolt vangistatud Gilad Shaliti. Noore miinipilduri pikaajaline vangistus

  20. Simulació basada en entorn caracteritzat per les antenes de banda THz grafè dirigits WNoC

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Ranjeet

    2012-01-01

    Use of graphene nano antennas in multicore processor to beyond the limit of number of cores. [ANGLÈS] In a wireless Network-on-Chip system, two main factors are size of antennas and bandwidth. The small size of antennas opens the possibility to integrate one antenna per core, whereas their high bandwidth allows faster communication speed. Graphene based antennas offer perfect compromise of both small size and high bandwidth and for this reason, graphene is gaining importance in the field o...

  1. Així escriuen els químics, encara que no tinguin llapis ni bolígraf ...

    OpenAIRE

    Corominas Viñas, Josep

    2013-01-01

    Aquest article explica un treball pràctic de química que consisteix en una electròlisi de substàncies iòniques, presentat en un aspecte lúdic. L’activitat pràctica pot presentar-se com a una activitat POE (Predicció-Observació-Explicació), per a estudiants de química de batxillerat i com un aspecte de la interacció entre matèria (substàncies iòniques) i energia (corrent elèctric) per estudiants d’ESO. Per altra part l’observació dels canvis de colors dels indicadors àcid-base, permet ajuntar ...

  2. Spreken vanuit het graf. De stoffelijke resten van Willem van Oranje in hun politiek-culturele betekenis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Santing

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Voice from the Grave. The politico-cultural relevance of the mortal remains of William of OrangeBalthazar Gerards’ murder of William of Orange on July 10th, 1584 is a canonical fact in Dutch history, but thus far this significant event has not yet been analysed on its own merits, i.e. in terms of the material disposition of his assassinated body. Hence, this article examines the literal and figurative - or cultural and material - handling of the physical remains of William the Silent and their subsequent iconification and deification. The historiographical background and intellectual inspiration for this article are provided by the work of Ernst Kantorowic’s pupil Ralph Giesey, Agostino Paravicini Bagliani and Joanna Woodward. All authors point to the increasingly lavish pomp and circumstance of monarchical funeral culture, which was imitated by Europe’s high aristocracy. The autopsy on William the Silent’s corpse was completed with a meticulous embalming. The preserved body and its subsequent lying in state amidst an extensive funerary apparatus and the full pompa of the burial ceremony contained numerous reminiscences of Charles V Brussels’ funeral, in which the Prince had played a prominent role. Also, after having examined the sculptural iconography of Hendrik de Keyser’s mausoleum in Delft’s Nieuwe Kerk, it can be concluded that the significance of William the Silent’s murdered body was much more royal and catholic than traditional historiographical views on the Dutch Republic would lead us to suspect.

  3. La grafía manzaniana: el lenguaje escrito mediante la metáfora y la prosopopeya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Cosme Puntiel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la narrativa de la Autobiografía de un esclavo, escrita por Juan FranciscoManzano (1797-1853 en 1835. Se pretende mostrar a este autor como un intelectualcubano decimonónico cuya escritura supone una herencia ancestral para los Afrolatinosy la diáspora africana. Para tal fin, se examinan las estrategias literarias empleadas porManzano para escribir su testimonio, se estudia la intertextualidad del género de lapicaresca como base estética literaria, y se examina cómo el narrador se desfigura enla narración para engañar y confundir al lector privilegiado. Adicionalmente, se estudiael lenguaje metafórico manzaniano mediante el escrutinio de temas recurrentes en suautobiografía. Este análisis utiliza como base teórica las ideas de James Olney y Paul deMan, con el fin de dar cuenta de las multiplicidades del “yo” o las voces enmascaradas enel lenguaje metafórico manzaniano.

  4. Mineria d'instàncies visuals en vídeos d'informatius utilitzant grafs

    OpenAIRE

    Almendros Gutiérrez, David

    2014-01-01

    [ANGLÈS] The aim of this thesis is to design a tool that performs visual instance search mining for news video summarization. This means to extract the relevant content of the video in order to be able to recognize the storyline of the news. Initially, a sampling of the video is required to get the frames with a desired rate. Then, different relevant contents are detected from each frame, focusing on faces, text and several objects that the user can select. Next, we use a graph-based clusteri...

  5. Tekste, ko-tekste en kon-tekste van die leë graf in die Jesus-tradisie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.G. Van Aarde

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Texts, co-texts, and con-texts of the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition An investigation of texts, co-texts and con-texts of the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition provides a “situation-specific common background knowledge” (Auer, 1996:18-19 from which perspective this article is written. The article aims to argue that the myth behind the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition deploys a trajectory of five links. Its origin, the first of the five links, is to be found in the metaphorical use of the motif of recreation analogous to the foundational narrative in Israel’s historical memoirs of God’s “creatio ex nihilo”. The foundational narrative consists of a collective anthropological facet and an indivdual psychological facet. The anthropological facet is manifested in the memoir of the suppression of Israel as a downtrodden nation. The individual facet pertains to the martyred heroes in Israel’s history. In this article the five links of the trajectory are conceptualised in five chronological phases represented by specific textual evidence. They are, firstly, the descent of a corpse into the sheol; secondly, the objectifying of metaphorical language about the resurrection of the dead, which refers to either Israel as a “corporate personality” or individuals; thirdly, the Hellenisation of the resurrection belief pattern which existed in the Semitic, Eastern-Mediterranean world, in the light of the theology of apotheosis/divinisation and ideas about immortality and reincarnation; and fourthly, the empowerment of suffering righteous mortals when participating in the renewed life of resurrected/ascended divine heroes. The fifth phase pertains to the period when the other four phases reached an apogee and resurrection belief served as a kind of coping-healing. The article aims to argue that the hermeneutical significance of the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition is to be found in the third phase. The modes in terms of which Jesus’ empty tomb were interpreted by the first “Christ-followers” are to be found in phases four and five.

  6. Tekste, ko-tekste en kon-tekste van die leë graf in die Jesus-tradisie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.G. Van Aarde

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Texts, co-texts, and con-texts of the empty tomb in the Jesus traditionAn investigation of texts, co-texts and con-texts of the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition provides a “situation-specific common background knowledge” (Auer, 1996:18-19 from which perspective this article is written. The article aims to argue that the myth behind the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition deploys a trajectory of five links. Its origin, the first of the five links, is to be found in the metaphorical use of the motif of recreation analogous to the foundational narrative in Israel’s historical memoirs of God’s “creatio ex nihilo”. The foundational narrative consists of a collective anthropological facet and an indivdual psychological facet. The anthropological facet is manifested in the memoir of the suppression of Israel as a downtrodden nation. The individual facet pertains to the martyred heroes in Israel’s history. In this article the five links of the trajectory are conceptualised in five chronological phases represented by specific textual evidence. They are, firstly, the descent of a corpse into the sheol; secondly, the objectifying of metaphorical language about the resurrection of the dead, which refers to either Israel as a “corporate personality” or individuals; thirdly, the Hellenisation of the resurrection belief pattern which existed in the Semitic, Eastern-Mediterranean world, in the light of the theology of apotheosis/divinisation and ideas about immortality and reincarnation; and fourthly, the empowerment of suffering righteous mortals when participating in the renewed life of resurrected/ascended divine heroes. The fifth phase pertains to the period when the other four phases reached an apogee and resurrection belief served as a kind of coping-healing. The article aims to argue that the hermeneutical significance of the empty tomb in the Jesus tradition is to be found in the third phase. The modes in terms of which Jesus’ empty tomb were interpreted by the first “Christ-followers” are to be found in phases four and five.

  7. Luksus ja lust : Tallinna rae hõbe- ja tinanõud = Luxury and Leisure : Silver and Pewter Tableware of the Tallinn Magistracy / Aita Raik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raik, Aita

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna kullassepakunsti meistriteostest. Kahest väiksemast (Andreas Losson, 1620-ndate algus) ja kahest suuremast (Jakob Lange, 1639) maksukannust, kahest hõbekannust (Stanislaus Schulze, 17. saj. keskpaik), kahest rae kaitseväeülema ametisauast (suurem: Friedrich Schlegel, 1604-1605), väiksem 1610). Säilinud tinanõudest (kannud, peekrid, vaagnad, taldrikud, küünlajalad)

  8. Enriquecimiento de menas grafíticas venezolanas mediante separación electrostática y flotación directa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    di Yorio, C.

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Graphite is an useful material in the modern industry. In Venezuela, the ore contains 8 to 14 % of graphite from Cerro Osumita, Edo Cojedes, with enough reserves for exploitation. Samples from this deposit were characterized and tests of electrostatic and flotation were carried out. The electrical potential and velocity of drum were varied for two different size fractions. Kerosene, sodium silicate as depressant and pulp agitation were varied. The results indicate the important of size for the separation. Size below 0.5 mm is necessary. For good quality fixed carbon an electrical potential up to 15 kV and 0.02 g of kerosene is recommended.

    El grafito constituye un material muy utilizado en la industria moderna. En Venezuela, se han estudiado algunos depósitos de rocas con contenido de grafito variable entre 8 y 14 %, provenientes del cerro Osumita, Edo Cojedes, con suficientes reservar para considerar una posterior explotación. Se caracterizaron muestras del yacimiento y se realizaron pruebas de concentración electrostática y de flotación directa. Los resultados muestran la importancia de la distribución granulométrica del todouno utilizado en la separación electrostática como medida del grado de liberación del grafito a valores menores de 0,5 mm. Igualmente, el grafito responde satisfactoriamente a potenciales superiores a 15 kV. Los ensayos de flotación muestran altas calidades en los concentrados obtenidos para dosis de 0,02 g de queroseno, siendo poco significativo el uso del silicato de sodio como depresante, en las dosis utilizadas. Las calidades del concentrado de grafito fueron mejores para el caso de 1.400 rpm, ya que para mayores revoluciones el flujo de material en la celda es muy turbulento ocasionando arrastre de partículas de sílice en el concentrado flotado.

  9. Estudio de materiales grafíticos comunes como aceleradores de evaporación de agua bajo irradiación luminosa.

    OpenAIRE

    Christoph, Rainer; Hernández, Ángel; Muñoz, Romeo; Ventura, Stanley

    2016-01-01

    Recientemente se ha descubierto que la tasa de evaporación de agua puede aumentar considerablemente, hasta por un factor de 3, utilizando un material de alto espectro de absorción de la luz visible como el grafeno. En el laboratorio de Nanotecnología de la Universidad Francisco Gavidia de El Salvador se han realizado pruebas con diferentes tipos de grafito disponibles localmente para determinar cuál de ellos es el más eficiente para la evaporación del agua. Este estudio tiene como objetivo ut...

  10. Naturaleza y grafía. El corpus documental de las colecciones animales en el Real Gabinete de Madrid, 1752-1790

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantino, María Eugenia

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1776, a strategy to acquire and increase the number of specimens in the collections of the Royal Cabinet of Natural History in Madrid was implemented by its director, Pedro Franco Dávila. The plan that involved correspondents, expeditionaries, savants and amateurs in America and Europe, asked for the sending of consignments of natural products usually associated to a series of indexes and inventories that documented the shipments, and allowed the control of their transit to Madrid. This article explores the documentary corpus generated around the collections of natural history sent to the Royal Cabinet of Natural History of Madrid, and searches for the analysis of its instrumental dimension as indispensable tools for the registration and stabilization of information about the diverse processes, practices and actors implied in nature’s collecting and knowledge production.En 1776, Pedro Franco Dávila, director del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en Madrid, implementó una estrategia de adquisición de ejemplares naturales para ampliar las colecciones monárquicas. En ella involucró a corresponsales, expedicionarios, eruditos y aficionados en América y Europa que debían enviar remesas de producciones naturales asociadas a una serie de índices e inventarios que documentaban los envíos y permitían controlar su tránsito hasta Madrid. Este artículo explora el corpus documental generado alrededor de las colecciones de historia natural enviadas al Real Gabinete de Madrid y busca analizar su dimensión instrumental como herramientas indispensables para registrar y estabilizar la información sobre los diversos procesos, prácticas y actores implicados en el coleccionismo y la producción de conocimientos sobre la naturaleza.

  11. Cradle-to-cradle in the present building culture. Even the grave a cradle; Cradle-to-cradle past slecht in huidige bouwcultuur. Zelfs het graf een wieg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verdonk, A.

    2010-10-01

    Sustainable building is receiving a lot of attention, but until now mainly restricted to energy and water consumption. Getting attention for the use of building materials is much more difficult. Contractors are simply accustomed to concrete, cement, brick, glass wool and polyurethane foam. Yet there are alternatives or it appears to be possible to built a house entirely made of recycled materials. [Dutch] Duurzaam bouwen staat volop in de belangstelling, maar beperkt zich tot nu toe vooral tot het energie- en watergebruik. Met de bouwmaterialen gaat het een stuk moeizamer. Aannemers zijn nu eenmaal gewend aan beton, cement, baksteen, glaswol en purschuim. Toch zijn er alternatieven, of blijkt het mogelijk een huis helemaal van gerecycled materiaal te bouwen.

  12. Enriquecimiento de menas grafíticas venezolanas mediante separación electrostática y flotación directa

    OpenAIRE

    di Yorio, C.; García-Carcedo, F.; Hernández, A.; Ayala, N.; Cornejo, N.

    1998-01-01

    Graphite is an useful material in the modern industry. In Venezuela, the ore contains 8 to 14 % of graphite from Cerro Osumita, Edo Cojedes, with enough reserves for exploitation. Samples from this deposit were characterized and tests of electrostatic and flotation were carried out. The electrical potential and velocity of drum were varied for two different size fractions. Kerosene, sodium silicate as depressant and pulp agitation were varied. The results indicate the important of size for th...

  13. ge&rniA:.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    de hel" vertaal, hulle in die Kanttekeninge sê: ,,O f het graf, en ook. ,,Dat is: het graf, en ,,A nders: het graf ' '). .... Die Afrikaanse vertaling wat, virsover ek sien, orals net die een ver taling ..doderyk gee, verdien hier seker ..... Kan u goedertierenheid vertel word in die graf, u trou in die plek van vertering? Kan u wondermag in ...

  14. Itaallased otsustasid suurärimees Berlusconi valitsemise alla naasta / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Itaalia erakorralised parlamendivalimised võitis juba kolmandat korda endine peaminister Silvio Berlusconi. Diagramm: Berlusconi miljardid. Lisa: Võimule aitas meediarusikas; Jõukuse allikas on teadmata

  15. Veel kord KLS-i muutmise eelnõust / Sirje Kessler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kessler, Sirje

    2010-01-01

    Vastukaja artiklile: Uluots, Piret. Kui me ise end ei aita, ei aita meid keegi. Õpetajate Leht (2010) 19. märts, lk. 5. Koolieelse lasteasutuse seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõuga tahetakse muuta lasteasutuse rühmade vanuselist liigitust

  16. Eestlaste abil valminud 3D-film linastus Torontos

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Režissöör Werner Herzogi täispikka 3D-dokumentaalfilmi "Cave of Forgotten Dreams" (Saksamaa 2010) aitas filmida ja kokku monteerida Eesti firma Digitaalne Sputnik eesotsas videokunstnik Kaspar Kallasega

  17. Äike toodab ohtralt antiainet / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2011-01-01

    Äikesetorm toimib loodusliku osakeste kiirendina. Selle tekitatud gammakiirgus tekitab atmosfääri aatomeid mõjutades elektroni antiosakesi positrone. Selle avastuse jälile aitas hiljuti teadlased USA kosmoseagentuuri NASA Fermi gammakiirte teleskoop

  18. President Ilves võõrustas Kanada ministrit Peter Van Loan'i

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves kohtus 9. juulil 2010 Ärmal Kanada väliskaubandusministri Peter Van Loan'iga, kes mõjuka parlamendi- ja valitsuspoliitikuna aitas oluliselt kaasa Kanada valitsuse otsusele anda Eesti kodanikele viisavabadus

  19. Paha veri / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    1998-01-01

    Warren Zimmermanni retsensioonist Michael Ignatieffi raamatule "The Warrior's Honour". Külma sõja loodud "tasakaal" aitas vaigistada Ida-Euroopa etnilisi rahutuskoldeid. Etnilised rahutused Kesk- ja Ida-Euroopa 20. saj. lõpus

  20. Raudtee ostu analüüsis riigi jaoks Norbergi firma / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2006-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministeerium ei näe huvide konflikti selles, et Luxembourg Financial Services aitas teha finantsanalüüsi Eesti Raudtee aktsiate ostu otstarbekuse kohta. Lisa: Deutsche Bahn tunneb huvi

  1. Rapla keskuse remake / Kaur Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Kaur

    2013-01-01

    2. Tallinna arhitektuuribiennaali satelliit - Rapla KEK-i hoone (Rapla Okta Centrum) taaskasutamise töötuba, selle tulemused ja ettepanekud. Töötuba aitas korraldada Hollandi urbanistide rühmitus Failed Architecture

  2. Sajandi romaani üksildus / Aivar Kull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kull, Aivar, 1955-

    2003-01-01

    Arvustus: García Márquez, Gabriel . Sada aastat üksildust : [romaan / tõlkinud Aita Kurfeldt]. 2. tr. Tallinn : Eesti Raamat, 2002. Vaata ka: Kull, Aivar. Kulli pilk. - Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2005, lk. 70-72

  3. Küttimine võib septembris peatuda. Maaomanikud vs. jahimehed / Ain Alvela ; kommenteerinud Heiki Hepner, Val Rajasaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alvela, Ain, 1967-

    2011-01-01

    Maksumaksjad ja maaomanikud toetavad Eesti jahindust sisuliselt viie miljoni euroga aastas, kuigi keskkonnaspetsialistide hinnangul võiks asi olla vastupidi. Kehtiv jahiseadus ei aita kaasa metsa väärtuse parandamisele. Tabelid

  4. Flora tugevdas jaotustegevuse ümberkorraldamisega kaubamärki / Rivo Sarapik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarapik, Rivo, 1981-

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Avtomobili i transport 19. märts lk. 6. Flora logistikakogemus: oma autopargist ja laost loobumine aitas keemiafirmal Flora suurendada tootevalikut, kasvatada klientide arvu ning vähendada kulusid

  5. Efeitos do local de inserção do dreno pleural na função pulmonar no pós-operatório de cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio Effects of the pleural drain site on the pulmonary function after coronary artery bypass graf

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solange Guizilini

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar a alteração da função pulmonar e dor em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (RM com enxerto da artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE, sem circulação extracorpórea (CEC, comparando a inserção do dreno pleural nas regiões intercostal e subxifóide. MÉTODO: Vinte e oito pacientes (média de idade 57,4 ± 8,4 anos foram alocados em dois grupos, de acordo com a posição do dreno pleural. Grupo IL (n=15 com inserção do dreno no sexto espaço intercostal esquerdo na linha axilar média; e grupo IM (n =13 inserção do dreno na região subxifóide. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação da função pulmonar. Registros espirométricos da capacidade vital forçada (CVF e do volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo (VEF1 foram obtidos no pré, primeiro, terceiro e quinto dia dias pós-operatório (PO e a gasometria arterial em ar ambiente no pré e primeiro dia de pós-operatório. A sensação de dor foi quantificada por um escore padrão (0 a 10 no primeiro dia de pós-operatório. RESULTADOS: Em ambos os grupos houve queda significativa da CVF e do VEF1 até o quinto pós-operatório (pOBJECTIVE: To analyze the pulmonary function changes and pain in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting utilizing a left internal thoracic artery graft, comparing the pleural drain insertion through the intercostal space and subxyphoid approach. METHODS: Twenty eight patients (mean age 57.4 ± 8.4 years were divided into two groups, according to the pleural drain site. Group IL (n=15 had the pleural drain inserted through the sixth left intercostal space at the mid-axillary line and in the IM group (n=13 the drain was placed through the subxyphoid region. All the patients underwent pre- and post-operative evaluation of pulmonary function tests as well as arterial blood gas analysis. Forced vital capacity (FVC and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 were recorded in the preoperative period, and in the first, third and fifth postoperative days. The pain sensation was evaluated using a standard score from 0 to 10. RESULTS: In both groups falls in FVC and FEV1 were noted, up to the fifth postoperative day (P<0.001. However, the decrease was higher in the IL group, when compared to the IM group (p<0.05. Also arterial blood gas analysis showed a decline of the partial oxygen pressure in both groups on the fist postoperative day, but more significantly in the IL group (p=0.021. The pain sensation was higher in the IL group (p=0.002. CONCLUSION: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with using of left internal thoracic artery, disregarding the pleural drain site, leads to a significant decrease of postoperative pulmonary function. However, the subxyphoid technique of drain insertion has shown a better preservation of the lung function when compared to the intercostal drain site.

  6. Způsob hodnocení růstu kojeného dítěte za použití českých referenčních grafů

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Riedlová, J.; Paulová, M.; Vignerová, J.; Schneidrová, D.; Brabec, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 16, č. 10 (2016), s. 23-29 ISSN 1213-2241 Grant - others:GA MZd(CZ) NS9974 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : růstové křivky * referenční hodnoty * odhady kvantilů * semiparametrický model * growth curves * reference graphs * quantile estimation * semiparametric model Subject RIV: FG - Pediatrics

  7. Solid state {sup 13}C NMR study on the synthesis of graphite oxide from different graphitic precursors; Estudo atravéS de RMN de {sup 13}C no estado sólido sobre a síntese de oxido de grafite utilizando diferentes precursores grafíticos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vieira, Mariana A.; Frasson, Carolina Maria R.; Costa, Tainara Luiza G.; Cipriano, Daniel F.; Schettino Junior, Miguel A.; Cunha, Alfredo G.; Freitas, Jair C.C., E-mail: marianaarpini@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (UFES), Vitória, ES (Brazil). Lab. de Materiais Carbonosos e Cerâmicos

    2017-10-15

    The influence of the structural and microstructural characteristics of graphitic precursors on the production of graphite oxide (GO) is investigated in the present work. Six different graphitic precursors were used to produce GO following a modified Hummers method, namely: natural graphite, commercial lubricant graphite, milled graphite, graphite flakes, high-purity graphite and graphite recycled from Li-ion batteries. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry, solid-state {sup 13}C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). {sup 13}C NMR spectra revealed the presence of epoxy, hydroxyl, carbonyl and lactol groups in the synthesized GOs. However, the oxidation degree of each product was found to be dependent on the average crystallite size (Lc) and particle size of the graphitic precursors, with the best GO samples being produced from the milled graphite and the graphite recycled from ion-Li batteries. These results were rationalized in terms of the structural and microstructural differences among the graphitic precursors, as revealed by the XRD patterns and SEM images, evidencing the importance of the correct choice of the precursor aiming the achievement of a well-developed structure for the GO product. (author)

  8. Static Thrust and Power Characteristics of Six Full-Scale Propellers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1940-01-01

    8217 v’arri’a’t aaINt Ilio- adasigns tip) speed’a by 1ii1) ,i vinag .10 perce’ant aI’a’aita’n Itiliil tha’ thar’ist a’auaflia’i’iit o’’~af n faictaoi

  9. Ahistajat tabada aidanud naine sai aumärgi / Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuus, Agnes

    2005-01-01

    Justiitsministeerium tunnustas kodanikujulguse aumärgiga seitset inimest, kes on kaasa aidanud kurjategijate tabamisele, teiste seas sai aumärgi Ingrid Lepp, kes aitas politseil kinni püüda Pärnu rannas tegutsenud ahistaja. Vt. samas: Turvamees nabis kinni muukija; Noored jälitasid telefonivarast; Tõnu Timma; Gennadi Kulla; Rita Parel. Lisa: Autasu julgetele

  10. TPÜ Akadeemilise Raamatukogu ajaloolised kogud rahvusvahelistes infoallikates / Tiiu Reimo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimo, Tiiu, 1953-

    2005-01-01

    Lk. 99 mainitud : Urve Lõhmus, Voldemar Miller, Tiiu Reimo; lk. 100 : Voldemar Miller, Kyra Robert; lk. 102 : Tiiu Reimo, Medea Jerser, Toomas Raudam; lk. 103 : Antti Oviir, Aita Jõulu; lk. 104 : Tiiu Reimo, Marita Paas, Mati Merioja, Tiiu Pukk, Eve Roosileht

  11. Obamad kui Kennedyte taastulek 21. sajandil / Barbi Pilvre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilvre, Barbi, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    USA demokraatide presidendikandidaadile Barack Obamale ja tema abikaasale Michelle'ile on loodud kennedylik imago, selle imago taga on demokraat Ted Sorensen, kes aitas kunagi võimule tulla John F. Kennedyl. Ka Kennedyd ise on üles astunud B. Obama toetajana

  12. Moeuudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Prantsuse moemaja Chloe peadisainer Stella McCartney aitas loomakaitseorganisatsioonil PETA teha dokumentaalfilmi, milles paljastatakse karusloomafarmide telgitaguseid. Chloe supelkostüümist, mida soovitatakse eeskujuks võtta endale bikiinide heegeldamisel. Yves Saint Laurenti moemaja korraldab gigantse moeshow jalgpallistaadionil, kus algab jalgpalli MM. Yves Saint Laurent on kavandanud MMi korraldajate-asjameeste kostüümid

  13. Tänavune Jõulujazz tuleb Olav Ehala ja Courtney Pine'iga / Madli-Liis Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Madli-Liis, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Jazzüritustest: rootsi jazzlauljatari Rigmor Gustafssoni kontserdist 8. dets. Estonia kontserdisaalis, inglise saksofonisti Courtney Pine heliplaadi "Resistance" esitluskontserdist 15. dets. Rock Café's, Eesti Raadio ja Jazzkaare heategevuskontserdist "Aita alustada elu" O. Ehala muusikaga, Moskva vokaalkvarteti Cool & Jazzy kontserdist, Hedvig Hansoni kontserdist "Vaikuse kaja" 1. dets. Nigulistes

  14. Tarantino film päästis produtsendid pankrotist / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2009-01-01

    Ameerika filmirežissööri Quentin Tarantino viimase mängufilmi "Vääritud tõprad" ("Inglourious Basterds") 200 miljoni dollarine kassatulu aitas kõiki Tarantino filme produtseerinud firma Weinstein Co. pankrotist välja

  15. Hans Pawelsi kenotaaf Tallinna Oleviste kiriku Maarja kabeli idapoolsel välisseinal / Polle,Clemens Pale, Hinrik Byldensnyder, Gert Koningk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pale, Polle, Clemens

    2002-01-01

    G. Koningk - suure tõenäosusega aitas kaasa kenotaafi valmimisele; reljeefid: Sissesõit Jeruusalemma. Püha õhtusöömaaeg. Kristus Õlimäel. Kristuse vangistamine. Kristus Kaifase ees. Kristuse kroonimine okaskrooniga. Pilatuse kätepesemine. Ristikandmine

  16. Genetics Home Reference: T-cell immunodeficiency, congenital alopecia, and nail dystrophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... affect health and development? More about Mutations and Health Inheritance Pattern This condition is inherited in an autosomal recessive ... N, Cserhalmi-Friedman PB, Aita VM, Uyttendaele H, Gordon D, Ott J, Brissette JL, Christiano ... associated with severe functional T-cell immunodeficiency in two sibs. Am J ...

  17. Portugalikeelse kirjanduse retseptsioon Eestis / Mele Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Mele, 1979-

    2011-01-01

    Portugalikeelse kirjanduse tõlgetest ja nende vastuvõtust alates esimese tõlke ilmumisest 1890. aastal kuni 2005. aastani ning retseptsiooni pärssinud teguritest. Ülevaade kahe olulisema tõlkija Aita Kurfeldti ja Ain Kaalepi tööst

  18. Lihtne, keeruline : elamu Rohuneemes = Simple, Complicated : Residence in Rohuneeme / Vahur Sova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sova, Vahur

    2001-01-01

    Krundi asukohta ja ilmakaari arvestav mereäärne eramu. Maja ruumid ei ole neljakandilised. Tellija soovidest. Projekteerija Teigar. Tork. Sova Arhitektibüroo. Arhitekt Vahur Sova, sisearhitekt Aita Teigar, konstruktor Mart Tamm. Projekt 1998, valmis 2000. 9 ill.: I ja II korruse plaan, välis- ja sisevaated

  19. Kirjakunstinäitus rändab

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Viljandi kirjakunstiklubi Mary seitsme aasta tööde rändnäitus alustas Jakobsoni koolis. Klubi juhataja Mary Mauring. Väljapanekut kujundasid Kadri Papagoi, Kairi Ritson, Tiiu Väli, Aita Leemet ja Ants Tõnisalu, kes on ka paljude tööde autorid

  20. Kallas : eurotsooni piir jääb rangeks / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Euroopa Komisjoni asepresidendi Siim Kallase sõnul ei aita Eestit euroni ühekordsed meetmed, sest komisjon näeb need läbi ning tõlgendab neid negatiivselt. Vt. samas: Probleemid euroga; Maailmas praegu kolm kriisi korraga

  1. USA vägede õhulöök tappis Iraagi esiterroristi / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Iraagi peaminister Nuri al-Maliki teatas al-Qaida juhtfiguuri Abu Musab al-Zarqawi tapmisest, al-Zarqawi tabamisele aitas kaasa ka Jordaania. Lisad: Al-Zarqawil pole Iraagis järglast; Iraagi valitsus saavutas lõpuks täiskoosseisu

  2. Groza v natshale maja / Irina Butjajeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Butjajeva, Irina

    2004-01-01

    Nikolai Bleskovi tööde näitus Meriton Grand Hotell Tallinn hoone kõikidel korrustel. Väljas on üle 80 töö, peamiselt maastikumaalid. Näitust aitas korraldada Nõmme galerii perenaine Viktoria Lukats

  3. Kahjustatud isiku omaosalus kahju tekkimisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Piia Karu ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karu, Piia

    2005-01-01

    Kahjuhüvitise vähendamine sõltuvalt kahjustatud isikust tulenevatest asjaoludest või ohust, mille eest kahjustatud isik vastutab ; kui kahjustatud isik aitas ise kahju tekkimisele kaasa või suurendas juba tekkinud kahju ; isiku surma põhjustamise, tema tervise kahjustamise või talle kehavigastuse tekitamise korral ; omaosaluse tagajärjed

  4. Vaated kolmelt aiaterrassilt / Kaja Kurg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurg, Kaja, 1959-

    2006-01-01

    Kiur ja Epp Saluveeri terrasside aed Viiratsis. Kallakul asuva aia ülemisel terrassil on eesaed ja elamu, keskmisel muruplats ning alumisel puhkenurk kaminakoja, tiigi ja ilupeenardega. Aed sündis koostöös haljastusarhitekt Ursula Mikkoriga. Suuremaid töid aitas teha aiafirma UV Haljastus. 10 värv. ill

  5. Naperegonki s modoi / Aleksandra Manukjan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Manukjan, Aleksandra

    2004-01-01

    Kõrgema disainikooli ruumikujunduse III kursuse üliõpilaste maalinäitus "Seda suudad sinagi" ja IV kursuse üliõpilaste tööde näitus "Test" galeriis Kullo. Näituse aitas kujundada õppejõud Tatjana Sidorenko

  6. K-K-K-Kuninga kõne / Peter Conradi ; tõlkinud Kadri Karro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Conradi, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Sunday Timesi ajakirjanik valgustab filmi "Kuninga kõne" (režissöör Tom Hooper, Inglise-Austraalia-USA, 2010) tagamaid. Film räägib kuningas George VI elust ja tema kõnedefektist, kogelemisest. Kuningat aitas Austraalia päritolu kõneterapeut Lionel Logue. Filmi stsenaariumi kirjutas David Seidler

  7. Uudised

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    New Yorgi hip-hop-trio De La Soul 3. sept. Tartus ööklubis Tallinn. Briti rockbändi Coldplay soovist Eestis esineda. Ansambel The Cure aitas oma allkirjadega kaasa valgevene teadlase Juri Bandazhevski vanglast vabastamisele. Suri ameerika süntesaatorite valmistaja Robert Moog

  8. Viiteid Barack Obama valitsusstiilile võib leida tema valimiskampaaniast / Liisa Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Past, Liisa

    2008-01-01

    Autor on seisukohal, et nii Barack Obama võit kui ka John McCaini leppimine oma kaotusega olid selged juba paar nädalat enne valimisi. Kirjeldades J. McCaini kampaania lõppu, märgib autor, et B. Obama võidule aitas kaasa terav majanduskitsikus ja selgem kampaaniadistsipliin. Lisad

  9. Apple suutis jälle turgu üllatada / Lauri Matsulevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Matsulevitsh, Lauri

    2005-01-01

    iPodi pleierite ja Mac-arvutite kasvav müük aitas Apple'i kasumit aastaga viiekordistada 61 miljonilt 320 miljoni dollarini. Diagramm: Tulemused vedasid Apple'i tõusule. Vt. samas: Eesti investorid mängisid Apple'i tõusu peale

  10. Võimukas naine ja tuhvlialune / Timo Diener

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Diener, Timo

    2007-01-01

    Uues USA komöödiafilmis "Norbit" (režissöör Brian Robbins, stsenarist näitleja vend Charles Murphy) mängib Eddie Murphy kolme täiesti erinevat rolli. Seejuures aitas teda grimmikunstnik Rick Baker

  11. Eddie Murphy grimmile kulus üheksa kuud / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Uues USA komöödiafilmis "Norbit" (režissöör Brian Robbins, stsenarist näitleja vend Charles Murphy) mängib Eddie Murphy kolme täiesti erinevat rolli. Seejuures aitas teda grimmikunstnik Rick Baker

  12. Kaunase kunstnike külaskäik Tartusse / Kübarsepp, Triin [?Riin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübarsepp, Triin [?Riin

    2006-01-01

    Tartus saab näha 21 eri põlvkondadesse kuuluva ja erinevaid stiile viljeleva Kaunase kunstniku loomingut. Näituse kuraatorid kunstiteadlased Kristina Budryte ja Armidas Zhalyps. Leitud ühisjooni eesti ja leedu kunstnike loomingus. Antanas Obcarkas - Siim-Tanel Annus, Alfonsas Vilpishauskas - Vano Allsalu, Agne Jonkute - Tõnis Saadoja. Näitusi aitas korraldada kunstikollektsionäär Matti Milius

  13. Saksa filmilootusega tänavaelust ja hullusest / Robert Stadlober ; interv. Janno Zõbin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadlober, Robert

    2002-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalil näidatud saksa mängufilmis "Engel & Joe" (režissöör Vanessa Jopp) ühes peaosas esines festivali külastanud saksa näitleja Robert Stadlober (1982). Näitleja Engeli rollist ja oma elukogemusest, mis aitas seda rolli kehastada

  14. Pareto printsiip

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Itaalia majandusteadlase Vilfredo Pareto jõudmisest oma kuulsa printsiibini ja selle printsiibi mõjust tänapäevasele juhtimisele. Pareto printsiibi kohaselt ei aita suurem osa tegevusest meid tulemuseni jõuda, vaid on aja raiskamine. Diagramm

  15. Принцип Парето

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Itaalia majandusteadlase Vilfredo Pareto jõudmisest oma kuulsa printsiibini ja selle printsiibi mõjust tänapäevasele juhtimisele. Pareto printsiibi kohaselt ei aita suurem osa tegevusest meid tulemuseni jõuda, vaid on aja raiskamine. Diagramm

  16. Kõige tähtsam eestlane Nokia peakontoris / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2008-01-01

    Eestlane Margus Hunt vastutab Nokia Siemens Networksi müügi eest Soomes ja Baltimaades. Vt. samas: Eestlased on uutele tehnoloogiatele avatud; Ollila lahkumine märki ei jätnud; Hunt aitas olümpiamänge korraldada

  17. Palestiina valimised suurelt võitnud Hamas keeras al-Qaidale selja / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Al-Qaida kritiseeris Hamasi valimistel osalemise eest, Hamasi liidri al-Zahari sõnul on Hamas, võttes omaks mõõdukama lähenemise, suutnud leida oma islamiprogrammile valijaid. Hamasi esindajate väitel on Iisraeli riigi tunnustamine vaid Palestiina rahva võimuses. Lisa: Iisrael aitas kaasa Hamasi võimule. Vt. samas: Hamasi rajajate ja al-Qaida juhtide taust on ühine

  18. Kolme näoga Pädaste häärber / Jana Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Jana, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Pädaste mõisa renoveeritud peahoonest. Mõisa ajaloost ja omanikest. Kommenteerib Pädaste mõisa omanik ja sisekujundaja Imre Sooäär, kelle kavandatud on ka hulk uuemat puitmööblit. Joonised aitas teha Kärt Kukkur. Restorani laes on šveitsi kunstniku Heinz Juleni loodud lühter. 12 värv. vaadet

  19. Juubilar Arnold Rüütel soovib Eestisse vähem vaesust ja kiuslikkust / Arnold Rüütel ; interv. Agnes Kuus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Arnold, 1928-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 12. mai lk. 5. Intervjuu president Arnold Rüütliga tema 80. sünnipäeva puhul, milles juubilar meenutab pingelisi aegu seoses Eesti iseseisvumisega. Vt. samas: Arnold Rüütel 80; President Toomas Hendrik Ilves hindab Rüütli tasakaalukust. President T. H. Ilvese sõnul aitas president Rüütel tuua Euroopat Eestimaale lähemale

  20. Lifestyle / Tuuli Köller, Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köller, Tuuli

    2005-01-01

    13.-17. X 2004 Jõesuus Põhjamaade Ehitusakadeemia V Sügispäevade raames toimunud rahvusvahelisest workshop'ist "Lifestyle", mille eestipoolne põhikorraldaja oli AB Sadakond, kaasa aitas Kavakava, toetas Eesti Kunstiakadeemia. Osalesid arhitektid, kunstnikud, arhitektuuri- ja kunstiüliõpilased Soomest, Rootsist, Saksamaalt ja Itaaliast. Keskenduti kolhoosiarhitektuurile. Katrin Koovi, Siiri Vallneri ja Kaire Nõmme, Rene Valneri ja Kalle Komissarovi jt. töödest

  1. Inimesed nutsid. Valus oli näha inimvaret, kes veel äsja oli tark ja vaimukas / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2008-01-01

    Julian Schnabeli mängufilm "Tuukrikell ja liblikas" ("The Diving Bell and the Butterfly") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2007. Film on tõestisündinud lugu Prantsuse ajakirja Elle peatoimetajast Jean-Dominique Bauby'st, kes üle keha halvatuks jäänuna hakkas dikteerima raamatut, mis sai nimeks "Tuukrikell ja liblikas". Lisaks "Režissöör : see film aitas mul surmaga leppida"

  2. Välistudengite tuutorist Euroopa Komisjoni praktikale / Jörgen Talkop ; küsitlenud Eero Loonurm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talkop, Jörgen

    2009-01-01

    Vestlus Tallinna Ülikooli keskkonnakorralduse eriala lõpetanud Jörgen Talkopiga, kes oli International Clubis välistudengite tuutor ja tegi kaasa Erasmus Student Network Tallinna tegemistes. Pärast ülikooli lõpetamist läks ESN Tallinna kandidaadina Euroopa Vabatahtliku Teenistuse kohale Brüsselisse, kus aitas kaasa ESN Internationali juhatuse tööle. Nüüd on ta praktikal Euroopa Komisjonis

  3. Harrastusteatrite kirev pidu Koreas / Auri Jürna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürna, Auri

    2007-01-01

    Lõuna-Koreas toimunud Rahvusvahelise Harrastusteatrite Liidu ehk AITA/IATA (International Amateur Theatre Association) teatrifestivalist. Mõningatest lavastustest: Bungeiza (Jaapan) Anton Tshehhovi "Abieluettepanek", Oliver (Rootsi) "Õnnelikud igavesti", Tempus Fugit (Saksamaa) "Väike must kala", Compendia Theatre Costellazione (Itaalia) "Narr", CIRK (Taani) "Tantsitud luule", De Facto Mimo (Tšehhi) "Groteska", Inside Hekneby (Norra) "Tapamaja oodates", Hugleikur and Leikfelag Kopavogs (Island) "Memento mori"

  4. Diseño para la ampliación de la industria de cuadernos y agendas ARCAGRAF S. A. en la ciudad de Quito, planes y estrategias competitivas.

    OpenAIRE

    Clerque Acuña, Ana Soraya; Romo Noriega, Mauro Guillermo

    2005-01-01

    Mediante el presente estudio se determinó la viabilidad de la ampliación de la planta de cuadernos ArcaGraf S.A. la misma que pretende a través del aumento de su capacidad instalada ampliar su mercado brindando nuevos e innovadores productos. Este proyecto es una muestra palpable de los resultados de la gestión empresarial inculcada en la Universidad Politécnica Salesiana a través de la extinta incubadora de empresas, PYMES, gracias a la cual ArcaGraf S.A. tubo su origen y se m...

  5. Uz grafiem balstītie darbu plānošanas algoritmi

    OpenAIRE

    Magdaļenoka, Māra

    2017-01-01

    Bakalaura darbā aprakstīti divu veidu grafi (disjunktīvais grafs un divpusējais grafs), kurus izmanto general shop problēmu atrisināšanai. Darbā tika aplūkotas open shop un job shop problēmas, kuru atrisinājuma iegūšanai ar grafu palīdzību tika izmantotas loku krāsošanas, divpusējās saskaņošanas un bootleneck metodes.

  6. Inexact Subgraph Matching Applied to Symbol Spotting in Graphical Documents

    OpenAIRE

    Dutta, Anjan

    2014-01-01

    Existeix un ressorgiment en l'ús de mètodes estructurals per al problema de reconeixement i recuperació per contingut d'objectes en imatges. La teoria de grafs, en particular, la posada en correspondència de grafs (graph matching) juga un paper rellevant en aixó. En particular, la detecció d'un objecte (o una part) en una imatge es pot formular com un aparellament de subgrafs en termes de característiques estructurals. El matching de subgrafs és una tasca difícil. Especialment a causa de la p...

  7. Angels and Demons: The Science Behind the Scenes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graf, Norman

    2009-01-01

    Does antimatter really exist? How and why do scientists produce and use it? Does CERN exist and is there an underground complex deep beneath the Swiss/French border? Is truth stranger than fiction? Find out at the coming public lecture. On Tuesday, May 12, SLAC physicist Norman Graf will discuss the real science behind Angels and Demons, Dan Brown's blockbuster novel and the basis of an upcoming Tom Hanks movie. Graf's' talk is one in a series of public lectures across the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico to share the science of antimatter and the Large Hadron Collider, and the excitement of particle physics research.

  8. Historia natural de Trachycephalus mesophaeus (Hensel, 1867) (Anura : Hylidae) no Parque Florestal do Rio da Onça, municipio de Matinhos, estado do Parana /

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Mitzi Oliveira da

    2006-01-01

    Orientador : Prof. Titular Vinalto Graf Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Setor de Ciências Biológicas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia. Defesa: Curitiba, 2006 Inclui bibliografia Area de concentração: Zoologia

  9. On the Casas-Alvero conjecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Draisma, J.; Jong, de J.P.

    2011-01-01

    The Casas–Alvero conjecture says that a complex univariate polynomial having roots in common with each of its derivatives must be a power of a linear polynomial. In this expository note we review some ideas on this conjecture. In particular, we explain the rather successful algebraic attack by Graf

  10. The natural history of developmental dysplasia of the hip: sonographic findings in infants of 1-3 months of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roovers, E.A.; Boere-Boonekamp, Magdalena M.; Mostert, Adriaan K.; Castelein, René M.; Zielhuis, Gerhard A.; Kerkhoff, Antoon

    2005-01-01

    The natural history of sonographic developmental dysplasia of the hip was determined in a population-based study in which 5170 infants were screened by ultrasound using Graf's method. Of the normal hips at the age of 1 month, 99.6% were still normal at the age of 3 months. Of the immature type

  11. Recruiting Effects of Army Advertising

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Evaluation; and from Colonels Donald Borden and William Graf of the Directorate of Advertising and Sales Promotion . Ani Haigazian provided valuable...because they include numerous non- media items, such as lead fulfillment, sales promotion , market research, printed bro- chures, and special programs

  12. The Army Enlistment Decision: An Overview of the ARI Recruit Surveys, 1982 and 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    Tom Evans, Deputy Director of Advertising and Sales Promotion at USAREC, was very helpful in providing topic areas and information on advertising and...at the US Army Recruiting Command (USAREC). COL Graf and Mr. Evans, Director and Deputy Director of Advertising and Sales Promotion at USAREC, were

  13. On Contemporary War and the German Armed Forcs: The Afghan War and and Its Consequenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    force reduction, and new missions since 1990, which has often left the heads of soldiers and civilians spinning in an effort to adjust custom and...traditionalists (including Heinz Karst) and reformers (including Wolf Graf von Baudissin). What is the proper focus of the fighting man and woman in

  14. 76 FR 14987 - United States v. Graftech International Ltd. and Seadrift Coke, L.P.; Public Comments and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-18

    ... ``look at the overall picture not hypercritically, nor with a microscope, but with an artist's reducing... Commc'ns, 489 F. Supp. 2d at 11.\\3\\ \\2\\ The 2004 amendments substituted the word ``shall'' for ``may... Division of the U.S. Department of Justice to the U.S. District Court, District of Columbia vs. GrafTech...

  15. Effects of Opportunities for Word Retrieval during Second Language Vocabulary Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barcroft, Joe

    2007-01-01

    Research suggests that memory for an item improves when one is allowed to retrieve the item (Slamecka & Graf, 1978). This study explored benefits of providing opportunities for target-word retrieval during second language vocabulary learning. English speakers studied new Spanish words while viewing 24 word-picture pairs. They first viewed all 24…

  16. Análisis de la utilidad de la olfatogustometría mediante BAST-24 en la población diabética y su relación con la función renal

    OpenAIRE

    Gascón Rubio, María Cristina

    2014-01-01

    157 p. : il., graf. Realizamos un estudio descriptivo observacional del sentido del olfato mediante el test BAST-24 de la población diabética. Valoramos su función renal mediante determinaciones analíticas.

  17. Mathematical Modeling of Flow Through Vegetated Regions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign, 1996. [24] M.J. Dwyer, E.G. Patton, and R.H. Shaw. Turbulent kinetic energy budgets from a large-eddy simulation of...retardance in vegetated channels. Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division, ASCE, 96:351–357, 1970. [33] W.H. Graf and S.C. Ko. Tests on cylinders

  18. Combining ability for grain yield, agronomic traits and Striga lutea ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    2Department of Crop Production, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. ... General combining ability (gca) effects for striga syndrome ratings were generally low with .... farmer's field because of S. lutea infestation at Temidire in Ibarapa ... fertilizer dosage (50kg/ha NPK 20-10-10) was applied by broadcast ..... Graffing B (1956).

  19. Hybridische zelfpositionering en performance in Breytenbachs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    het reisverhaal: “Travel writing involves border crossings both literal and .... Rachel Susanna Keet, te beschouwen wanneer hij haar graf niet kan vinden .... The Middle World, inhabited by the bums of the Global Village, is the position of .... “Like a mirror I'm the lair of a collection of impressions, sentiments, ...... Spoils of War.

  20. A Commentary on "Updating the Duplex Design for Test-Based Accountability in the Twenty-First Century"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, Steffen

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the author's commentary on "Updating the Duplex Design for Test-Based Accountability in the Twenty-First Century," in which Isaac I. Bejar and E. Aurora Graf propose the application of a test design--the duplex design (which was proposed in 1988 by Bock and Mislevy) for application in current accountability assessments.…

  1. Probleme in Bezug auf die slowenische lexikographische ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    slowenische lexikographische Terminologie in Anlehnung an die deutsche lexikographische ... through different types of word-formation processes. ...... GETS → Geodetski tezaver in slovar [Thesaurus und Wörterbuch der Geodäsie], SMeS ..... tueller Graph [konceptualni graf], artificial intelligence → künstliche Intelligenz.

  2. The value of replicationg the data analysis of an empirical evaluation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The aim of this research was to determine whether the results of an empirical evaluation could be confirmed using a different evaluation method. In this investigation the Qualitative Weight and Sum method used by the researchers Graf and List to evaluate several free and open source e-learning software platforms, were ...

  3. Comparison of fabric analysis of snow samples by Computer-Integrated Polarization Microscopy and Automatic Ice Texture Analyzer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leisinger, Sabine; Montagnat, Maurine; Heilbronner, Renée; Schneebeli, Martin

    2014-05-01

    Accurate knowledge of fabric anisotropy is crucial to understand the mechanical behavior of snow and firn, but is also important for understanding metamorphism. Computer-Integrated Polarization Microscopy (CIP) method used for the fabric analysis was developed by Heilbronner and Pauli in the early 1990ies and uses a slightly modified traditional polarization microscope for the fabric analysis. First developed for quartz, it can be applied to other uniaxial minerals. Up to now this method was mainly used in structural geology. However, it is also well suited for the fabric analysis of snow, firn and ice. The method is based on the analysis of first- order interference colors images by a slightly modified optical polarization microscope, a grayscale camera and a computer. The optical polarization microscope is featured with high quality objectives, a rotating table and two polarizers that can be introduced above and below the thin section, as well as a full wave plate. Additionally, two quarter-wave plates for circular polarization are needed. Otherwise it is also possible to create circular polarization from a set of crossed polarized images through image processing. A narrow band interference filter transmitting a wavelength between 660 and 700 nm is also required. Finally a monochrome digital camera is used to capture the input images. The idea is to record the change of interference colors while the thin section is being rotated once through 180°. The azimuth and inclination of the c-axis are defined by the color change. Recording the color change through a red filter produces a signal with a well-defined amplitude and phase angle. An advantage of this method lies in the simple conversion of an ordinary optical microscope to a fabric analyzer. The Automatic Ice Texture Analyzer (AITA) as the first fully functional instrument to measure c-axis orientation was developed by Wilson and other (2003). Most recent fabric analysis of snow and firn samples was carried

  4. Fluid elastic instability analysis of 1/6th experimental model of PFBR main vessel cooling circuit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jalaldeen, S.; Ravi, R.; Chellapandi, P.; Bhoje, S.B.

    1993-01-01

    In reactor assembly of Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR), the main vessel (MV) temperature is kept below creep range i.e. less than 427 deg C by way of diverting a small fraction of core flow from the cold pool and sent through the passage between main vessel and an outer cylindrical baffle to cool the vessel. The sodium coning from this, is collected by another inner baffle and then returned to cold pool again. This system is termed as MV cooling circuit. The outer and inner baffles form feeding and restitution collectors respectively. The sodium from the feeding collector flows over the outer baffle and falls through a height of about 0.5 m before impacting on the free surface of sodium in the restitution collector. The fall of sodium may become a source of vibration of the baffles. Such vibrations have been already noted in case of SPX-I during its commissioning stage. For PFBR, the theoretical analysis was done to assess the fluid-elastic instability risks and stability charts were obtained. By this, it was concluded that the operating point (flow rate and fall height) lies within the stable zone. In order to confirm the above analysis results, a series of experiments were proposed. One preliminary experiment on 1/16 th model of MV cooling circuit has been completed. This model has also been analysed theoretically for the fluid- elastic instability, the theoretical analysis involves 2 stage computations. In the first stage, free vibration analysis with fluid structure interaction (FSI) effect for experimental model has been done using INCA (CASTEM 1985) code and all the mode shapes including sloshing are extracted. In the second stage the instability analysis is performed with the free vibration results from INCA. For the instability computations, a code WEIR has been written based on Aita's instability criteria [Aita.S. 1986

  5. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors : [annotations] / Rutt Hinrikus, Janika Kronberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hinrikus, Rutt, 1946-

    1997-01-01

    Vint, Toomas. Kojamehe naine; Mihkelson, Ene. Surma sünnipäev; Vint, Toomas. Naisepiinaja õnnenatukene; Kross, Jaan. Mesmeri ring; Vetemaa, Enn. Väegade noobel kooljas...; Berg, Maimu. Ma armastasin venelast; Kivi, Aita. Jumalakäpp; Berg, Maimu. Mina, moeajakirjanik; Kivastik, Mart. Palun õnnelikuks; Kivisildnik, Sven. Nagu härjale punane kärbseseen; Varblane, Hannes. Vihkamiseta; Ehin, Andres. Rummu Jüri mälestused; Tode, Emil (Õnnepalu, Tõnu). Mõõt; Raudam, Toomas. Tarzani seiklused Tallinnas; Ehlvest, Jüri. Ikka veel Bagdadis; Ehlvest, Jüri. Krutsiaania

  6. Jõulujazz alustab heaga / Kai Ilustrumm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilustrumm, Kai

    2004-01-01

    Heategevuskontserdist "Aita alustada elu!" Kaarli kirikus 28. nov., Soome multiinstrumentalisti Sakari Kukko trio kontserdist 5. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserdisaalis, ameerika vokaalansambli M-Pact kontserdist 7. dets. Pärnu kontserdimajas, Raivo Tafenau-Meelis Vindi koosmusitseerimisest tšiili löökpillimängija Ricardo Padillaga 11. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserisaalis, Helin-Mari Arderi kontserdist "Sajab esimest lund" 15. dets. Niguliste muuseum-kontserisaalis, rootsi ansambli Bossa Electrica esinemiset 16. dets. Rock Café's, ansambli Eesti Keeled kontserdist "Vaiksel ööl" 17. dets. Tallinnas Sokos Hotell Virus

  7. Muusika : Hortus Musicus Moskvas. Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor Toulouse'is. Joaquín Rodrigo 100. Georg Ots kuuel plaadil. "Kiriku laulu- ja palveraamat" ئ 10. "Vikerraadio" heategevuskontsert. Artur Kapi ühingu esimees on Andres Uibo / Vello Mäeots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäeots, Vello, 1940-2015

    2001-01-01

    20. XI esines Hortus Musicus Moskvas Eesti saatkonnas. Eesti Rahvusmeeskoor kandis 15.XI Toulouse'is koos Toulouse'i Rahvusliku Linnaorkestriga ette Jean Sibeliuse "Kullervo". 22.XI tähistatakse hispaania helilooja Joaquín Rodrigo 100. sünniaastapäeva. Estonia teatri Valges saalis esitleti kogumik-CD-d "Georg Ots ئ Anthology". "Kiriku laulu- ja palveraamat" sai 30.XI 10. aastaseks. 3.XII toimub Tallinnas Kaarli kirikus "Vikerraadio" heategevuskontsert "Aita alustada elu". 26.X asutati Suure-Jaanis Rahvusvaheline Artur Kapi Ühing, mille esimeheks valiti organist Andres Uibo

  8. Pikad varjud Taevase Rahu väljakul / Paul A. Goble

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Goble, Paul Alan, 1949-

    2005-01-01

    Saksamaa ja Prantsusmaa tahtsid tühistada Hiina suhtes kehtestatud relvaembargo, kuid Suurbritannia, Taani, Rootsi ja Holland olid keelu tühistamise vastu. Autor meenutab eestlastele, et Lääne otsus sanktsioneerida Hiinat pärast sündmusi Taevase Rahu väljakul aitas kaasa ka Eesti taasiseseisvumisele, seepärast võiks ka Eesti toetada embargo jätkamist senikaua, kuni Hiina tunnistab tollaste sündmuste ajal demonstrantide kallal sooritatud kuritegusid ja alustab riigi demokratiseerimist

  9. Evaluation of cardiac involvement using radionuclide myuocardial imaging in patients with Takayasu arteritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang Minfu; Guo Xinhua; He Zuoxiang; Jiang Xiongjing; Dou Kefei

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the value of radionuclide myocardial imaging in the evaluation of cardiac involvement in patients with Takayasu arteritis (TA). Methods: The 99 Tc m -methoxyisobutylisonitrile myocardial perlusion imaging (MIBI-MPI) and (or) 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET imaging findings in 12 TA patients [3 men and 9 women, mean age (35 ± 15) years] with coronary lesions (CL; n=8) or aortic insufficiency (AI; n=4) were retrospectively reviewed and analysed. Of the 4 AI-TA patients, 1 underwent exercise MIBI-MPI, 1 underwent pharmacologic stress MIBI-MPI and 2 un- derwent resting MIBI-MPI. Of the 8 CL-TA patients, 4 pnderwent MIBI-MPI (2 stress and 2 rest) and 4 un- derwent a dual-isotope simultaneous acquisition (DISA) SPECT protocol after injection of MIBI and FDG. Results: All 4 AI-TA patients showed left ventricular enlargement but no peffusion abnormalities. In 3 CL- TA patients with no documented infarct, MPI or DISA showed stress ischemia (n=2) or mismatched perfusion-metabolism defects (n=1). In the remaining 5 CL-TA patients with documented infarcts, 2 showed large perfusion defects on resting MIBI and 3 showed matched perfusion-metabolism defects on DISA SPECT. Conclusion: Radionuclide imaging is useful in providing a comprehensive functional evaluation for TA patients with cardiac involvement. (authors)

  10. Angels and Demons: The Science Behind the Scenes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, Norman

    2009-05-12

    Does antimatter really exist? How and why do scientists produce and use it? Does CERN exist and is there an underground complex deep beneath the Swiss/French border? Is truth stranger than fiction? Find out at the coming public lecture. On Tuesday, May 12, SLAC physicist Norman Graf will discuss the real science behind Angels & Demons, Dan Brown's blockbuster novel and the basis of an upcoming Tom Hanks movie. Graf's' talk is one in a series of public lectures across the U.S., Canada and Puerto Rico to share the science of antimatter and the Large Hadron Collider, and the excitement of particle physics research.

  11. [Red lip defects. Reconstructive techniques and indications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simon, E; Stricker, M; Duroure, F

    2002-10-01

    The attractive color of the red lip must be the object of very meticulous reconstruction in their form and pigmentation. This can be done only by using the buccal mucosa. The graf is less indicated. There are multiple local flaps that have been proposed using the same lip, the jugal mucosa and the tongue. The authors will show the principal procedures found in the literature.

  12. A Meta-Analysis of Factors Affecting Trust in Human-Robot Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    directly affects the willingness of people to accept robot -produced information, follow robots ’ suggestions, and thus benefit from the advantages inherent...perceived complexity of operation). Consequently, if the perceived risk of using the robot exceeds its perceived benefit , practical operators almost...necessary presence of a human caregiver (Graf, Hans, & Schraft, 2004). Other robotic devices, such as wheelchairs (Yanco, 2001) and exoskeletons (e.g

  13. Radiologic total lung capacity measurement. Development and evaluation of a computer-based system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seeley, G.W.; Mazzeo, J.; Borgstrom, M.; Hunter, T.B.; Newell, J.D.; Bjelland, J.C.

    1986-11-01

    The development of a computer-based radiologic total lung capacity (TLC) measurement system designed to be used by non-physician personnel is detailed. Four operators tested the reliability and validity of the system by measuring inspiratory PA and lateral pediatric chest radiographs with a Graf spark pen interfaced to a DEC VAX 11/780 computer. First results suggest that the ultimate goal of developing an accurate and easy to use TLC measurement system for non-physician personnel is attainable.

  14. French descriptions of Wundt's laboratory in Leipzig in 1886.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas, Serge; Gyselinck, Valérie; Murray, David J; Bandomir, Christina A

    2002-08-01

    Translations are provided of extracts from reports by the French-speaking scholars Alfred Grafé and Emile Durkheim concerning the instructional procedures in place at Wundt's Institute for Experimental Psychology in Leipzig in the summer of 1886. It is stressed that reports such as theirs were of importance, not only to researchers, but also to teachers and administrators concerned with how the new experimental psychology should be taught, especially with respect to practical classes.

  15. Els drets fonamentals en l’ús i abús de les xarxes socials a Itàlia: aspectes penals. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Picotti

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available

    Aquesta anàlisi dels comportaments il·lícits en l’ús i l’abús de les xarxes socials se centra, en primer lloc, en els delictes que aquestes conductes poden configurar (epígrafs 3 a 6 –alguns dels quals són s’han introduït recentment, com el ciberassetjament a menors (child grooming–, en els quals els usuaris de les xarxes poden ser tant autors com víctimes de les violacions dels drets fonamentals que aquestes conductes afecten (epígraf 2. En segon lloc, es tracta de la qüestió de la possible responsabilitat penal dels gestors de les xarxes socials –que es poden reconduir a la categoria general dels proveïdors de serveis d’internet– que assumeixen un paper cada vegada més incisiu i protagonista en l’evolució del sistema i, per tant, també en les estratègies de prevenció i control de les activitats il·lícites a la xarxa (epígraf 7. Els principals aspectes crítics sorgits d’aquesta investigació suggereixen algunes indicacions inicials per a adequar el dret penal que regula aquesta matèria a les necessitats que presenta.

     

  16. Results of ultrasound screening of the hips in newborns and infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Džoleva-Tolevska Roza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the results of ultrasound screening of the hips in newborns and infants and to establish the importance of ultrasonography in early diagnosis and treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hips (DDH. Material and Methods: In 2010, at the Clinic for orthopedic surgery in Skopje, 6333 newborns and infants were examined. They were classified in 2 groups: first group consisted of patients with normal ultrasound findings and second group consisted of patients with DDH on ultrasound finding. Patients underwent clinical examination and ultrasonography of the hips. Results: We examined 6333 newborns and infants up to 6 months of age. 3213 were female and 3120 were male. In the first group there were 5932 (93.67% patients with normal ultrasound of the hip-Graf Type 1. In the second group there were 401 (6.33% patients with DDH on ultrasound. The patients of the second group were divided in 3 types according to Graf method. Graf Type 2-Patients with dysplasia 378 (5.97% subdivided in 2a- 260 (4.11% patients, 2b 85 (1.34% patients and 2c 33 (0.52% patients. Graf Type 3 - Patients with subluxation of the hip 9 (0.1%, subdivided in 3a 3 (0.05% patients and 3b 3 (0.5% patients. Graf Type 4 -Patients with luxation of the hip 17 (0.27% patients. 124 patients (30.5% with DDH had an associated risk factors (65 patients with positive family history, 48 patients with breech delivery and 11 patients with clubfoot deformity. 387 patients with dysplasia and subluxation of the hips were treated with abduction brace and Pavlik harness. 17 patients with luxation of the hips were treated with exercises and overhead traction of the muscles, close reduction of the hip placed in spica cast or open reduction. Conclusion: Ultrasound screening of hips in newborns and infants is important for early diagnosis of DDH. This is necessary for adequate treatments. If this disease is not treated properly it gives long term morbidity such as gait

  17. Masonry structures between mechanics and architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Pedemonte, Orietta; Williams, Kim

    2015-01-01

    This book provides an overview of state of the art research in the mechanics of masonry structures. It continues the series Between Mechanics and Architecture, initially launched in 1995 from the collaboration of several renowned scholars, including Edoardo Benvenuto and Patricia Radelet-de Grave.   The contributions in this volume represent the main approaches to the complex topic of masonry structures. In addition to historical studies, the mechanical behavior of masonry arches and structures is studied using different approaches (structural analysis, limit analysis, elastic analysis, plasticity, mathematical approaches, etc.), at times difficult to reconcile, at others intertwined and complementary.   Readers will have the opportunity to compare different theoretical lines of inquiry and thus explore new horizons of research.   Contributions by: Danila Aita Andrea Bacigalupo Riccardo Barsotti Stefano Bennati Antonio Brencich Mario Como Salvatore D’Agostino Luigi Gambarotta Jacques Heyman Santiago Huer...

  18. Short outlines of books by Estonian authors / Janika Kronberg, Rutt Hinrikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kronberg, Janika, 1963-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Afanasjev, Vahur. Kosmos. Tallinn : Jutulind, 2008 ; Hvostov, Andrei. Võõrad lood. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Lauli, Olle. Niguliste õpilased. Tallinn : Verb, 2007 ; Rooste, Jürgen. Tavaline eesti idioot. Pärnu : Ji, 2008 ; Talvet, Jüri. Silmad peksavad une seinu. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2008 ; Beekman, Aimée. Proovielu. Tallinn : Varrak, 2008 ; Kivi, Aita. Lähedal. Tallinn : Ajakirjade Kirjastus, 2008 ; Beekman, Vladimir. Alles see oli. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2008 ; Viiding, Elo. Püha Maama. Tallinn : Tuum, 2008 ; Nõu, Helga. Peaaegu geenius ehk Schrödingeri kassi otsimas. Tallinn : Atlex, 2008 ; Unt, Lii. Parim näitleja linnas. Varanasi päevaraamat. Tallinn : Eesti Ekspressi Kirjastus, 2007 ; Sild, Ivar. Tantsiv linn. Tallinn : Tuum, 2007

  19. Self-excited oscillation due to the fluid discharge over a flexible weir, 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hisano, Katsumi; Kaneko, Shigehiko

    1989-01-01

    The excitation mechanism of a self-excited oscillation due to the fluid discharge over a flexible weir was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. A new type of hydroelastic instability was discovered during test operations of the Super-Phenix LMFBR reactor in France. According to the recent report by Aita, this phenomenon includes two types of instability modes: one is sloshing mode which means the oscillation of a weir associated with coupled sloshing modes of both feeding and restitution fluid collectors; the other is a hydroelastic mode which means the oscillation of a weir associated with fluid-shell modes. In this report, the excitation mechanism of a sloshing mode is discussed by calculating the excitation energy brought by discharge to the fluid-structure system. The theoretical results for the range of sloshing mode instability almost agreed with the experimental data. (author)

  20. Self-excited oscillation due to the fluid discharge over a flexible weir, 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hisano, Katsumi; Kaneko, Shigehiko

    1990-01-01

    The excitation mechanism of a self-excited oscillation due to the fluid discharge over a flexible weir was investigated both theoretically and experimentally. A new type of hydroelastic instability was discovered during test operations of the Super-Phenix LMFBR reactor in France. According to a recent report by Aita, this phenomenon includes two types of instability modes: one is the sloshing mode which means the oscillation of a weir associated with coupled sloshing modes of both feeding and restitution fluid collectors; the other is a hydroelastic mode which means the oscillation of a weir associated with fluid-shell modes. In this report, the excitation mechanism of a hydroelastic mode is discussed by calculating the excitation energy brought by discharge to the fluid-structure system. The theoretical results for the range of hydroelastic mode instability virtually agreed with the experimental data. (author)

  1. Luuleaasta 1994 : parlamendi koosseis on selgunud / Barbi Pilvre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pilvre, Barbi, 1963-

    1995-01-01

    Rannit, Aleksis. Nii näen sind ikka; Kangur, Kalju. Sõna sees olek; Traat, Mats. Koidu kätes; Rimmel, Rudolf. Setu netu; Suislepp, Harald. Köögertali kojutulek; Piir, Enno. Sunnitöölise Mekka; Üllaste, Leenart. Lind tormis; Hirv, Indrek. Taskuraamat (taskutähekerjus); Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Maithunad Eestis; Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Armuühtepühad; Mirtem, Valev [Luhaäär, Ingvar]. Tulevaas; Kurvits, Lembit. Matle laul; Lillemets, Enn. Olemise valge koer ehk Ingli kolju; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Jah, luuletused; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Ohjad Oti mäel; Jessod, Mats [Jakobson, Mati]. Poeetilisi prohmakaid; Ivar, Ivo. Riimiskid; Kilokalor, Kalle. Öösel näeb halvemini kui päeval; Trubetsky, Tõnu. Anarhia; Laanvee, Ervin. Jaa. Mina olen; Kuningas, Marko J. ...jääb USK, LOOTUS, ARMASTUS; Ruben, Arne. Ajakirjanik; Ollinovski, Jim [Ollino, Ott]. Luuletused; Toomik, Tõnu. 27 luuletust; Tosin, Ants. Õnnetähestik; Krüger, Urmas. Ka nii võib...; Kärner, Siim. Usseaid; Sikk, Heino. Võrokõstõlõ: poeem; Kollin, Viktor. Kodutunne; Alo, Ülo [Võsar, Ülo Alo]. Ööbikuvalgus; Sepp, Vello. Vigased pärlid; Palo, Wilhelm. Tuule-luuled; Soomets, Triin. Randmes unejanu; Soomets, Triin. Janu masinas; Ränik, Valeria. Ajast väljas; Kivi, Aita. Kalender-päevik Aita Kivi luuletustega; Maagemust, Maarika. Kaaludes kaldaid; Hiiussaar, Ann. Valgete uste taga; Kolkkanen, Imbi. Mina ja maailm; Mets, Neeme. Kesalill; Kolesnitshenko, Kaidi-Ly. Kaks silma; Kahro, Anne. Nälkjast!; Kabe, Aino. Tuulema mõtteriim. Raatma, Salme. Laululatern; Osila, Virve. Lootuse luiged; Isak, Asta. Valguse ja varjude vahel; Õunapuu, Meeli. Mööda teid ja radu

  2. Common data model for natural language processing based on two existing standard information models: CDA+GrAF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meystre, Stéphane M; Lee, Sanghoon; Jung, Chai Young; Chevrier, Raphaël D

    2012-08-01

    An increasing need for collaboration and resources sharing in the Natural Language Processing (NLP) research and development community motivates efforts to create and share a common data model and a common terminology for all information annotated and extracted from clinical text. We have combined two existing standards: the HL7 Clinical Document Architecture (CDA), and the ISO Graph Annotation Format (GrAF; in development), to develop such a data model entitled "CDA+GrAF". We experimented with several methods to combine these existing standards, and eventually selected a method wrapping separate CDA and GrAF parts in a common standoff annotation (i.e., separate from the annotated text) XML document. Two use cases, clinical document sections, and the 2010 i2b2/VA NLP Challenge (i.e., problems, tests, and treatments, with their assertions and relations), were used to create examples of such standoff annotation documents, and were successfully validated with the XML schemata provided with both standards. We developed a tool to automatically translate annotation documents from the 2010 i2b2/VA NLP Challenge format to GrAF, and automatically generated 50 annotation documents using this tool, all successfully validated. Finally, we adapted the XSL stylesheet provided with HL7 CDA to allow viewing annotation XML documents in a web browser, and plan to adapt existing tools for translating annotation documents between CDA+GrAF and the UIMA and GATE frameworks. This common data model may ease directly comparing NLP tools and applications, combining their output, transforming and "translating" annotations between different NLP applications, and eventually "plug-and-play" of different modules in NLP applications. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Glicogen sintasa muscular: elements de control de la distribució subcel.lular i identificació de residus crítics per a la catàlisi.

    OpenAIRE

    Cid Roldós, Emili

    2002-01-01

    La glicogen sintasa muscular és un enzim altament regulat. Aquesta tesi doctoral ha aprofondit en diversos aspectes no resolts com la descripció del seu mecanisme catalític i les relacions estructura-funció o la distribució subcel·lular de l'enzim. Així doncs aquesta tesi doctoral ha combinat diferents tècniques, ja siguin bioinformàtiques, bioquímiques i de biologia cel·lular i molecular i els resultats obtinguts es resumeixen en els següents paràgrafs. Els resultats de la comparació de les ...

  4. Análisis de la estabilidad global del talud izquierdo del cuenco amortiguador de la presa Mazar

    OpenAIRE

    Lojano López, Janneth del Carmen

    2010-01-01

    Los problemas relacionados a la inestabilidad de las laderas naturales en la zona del proyecto Paute Mazar, han afectado por igual al material suelto como a la roca descomprimida y/ó alterada del macizo rocoso. El macizo del talud izquierdo del cuenco disipador está constituido por una intercalación de diversas rocas metamórficas, tales como filitas, esquistos cuarcíticos, micáceos, cloríticos, grafíticos y sericíticos, que junto a la descompresión, discontinuidades, nivel piezométrico y a...

  5. Irradiated cocoa tested in the wing spot assay in Drosophila melanogaster

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zimmering, S.; Olvera, O.; Cruces, M.P.; Pimentel, E.; Arceo, C.; Rosa, M.E. de la; Guzman, J.

    1992-01-01

    The result of treatment of Drosophila melanogaster with irradiated cocoa as scored in the somatic wing spot test is described. The test has been used previously in the evaluation of irradiated food and has registrated a significantly greater number of positives among chemicals tested than germ line counterparts. Irradiated cocoa has thus far been reported negative in other mutagenicity assays including those employing salmonella and Drosophila germ cells and mammalian cells. The wing spot test as described in Graf et al. was employed. Females of the genotype mwh were mated with flr 3 /TM3; Ser males. (author). 9 refs.; 1 tab

  6. El tratamiento de la muerte en el álbum ilustrado infantil. Obras publicadas en castellano (1980-2008)

    OpenAIRE

    Arnal Gil, Javier Ignacio

    2012-01-01

    617 p.: il.col., graf. El tratamiento de la muerte en el álbum infantil. Obras publicadas en castellano (1980-2008) gira en torno a tres ejes fundamentales, literatura, infancia y muerte, y muestra la manera en que el álbum infantil acerca la muerte a los niños a través de sus páginas. A lo largo de este estudio se presta especial atención a los tabúes que siguen vivos dentro de un tema que no ha dejado de ser tabú, al tratamiento de los sentimientos que la muerte provoca, a los protag...

  7. [Computerized study of perioperative difficulties of stapedectomy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cadavid Zink, R; Ballivian, H; Gamboa, F J; Olaizola, F

    1993-01-01

    A retrospective study of 1035 stapedectomies was performed to assess the incidence of intraoperative complications between 1972-1990. We found 45.89% of complications. We divided this alterations in 6 groups: 1) hemorrhage (20.67%), 2) stapes, foot plate, oval window (8.40%), 3) alterations in the middle ear (6.85%), 4) alterations in the incus (3.76%), 5) alterations in the external ear canal (3.57%) and 6) problems with protesis or graf (2.60%). We have analyzed these complications. We propose to carry out the solutions.

  8. Evaluation of the recombination in somatic cells induced by radiation in different stages of Drosophila larval development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cruces, M.P.; Morales R, P.

    1997-01-01

    The mitotic recombination can happen spontaneously and its frequency is very low, however the recombination rate of a cell can be increased by the exposure to agents which cause damage to DNA. This type of agents are knew commonly as recombinogens. The ionizing radiation and a numerous chemical agents can be mentioned (Vogel, 1992). The objective of this work is to determine if the mutation/recombination rate induced by gamma rays varies with the development stage. In order to realize this investigation it was used the mutation and somatic recombination test of Drosophila wing (Graf and col. 1984). The mwh/ mwh and flr 3 /TM3, Ser stocks were used. (Author)

  9. Relação entre habilidades auditivas e fonológicas em crianças com dislexia do desenvolvimento

    OpenAIRE

    Capellini,Simone Aparecida; Germano,Giseli Donadon; Cardoso,Ana Cláudia Vieira

    2008-01-01

    A dislexia do desenvolvimento, dificuldade específica de leitura, é caracterizada pela dificuldade em realizar a decodificação fono-grafêmica e percepção de fonemas acusticamente semelhantes. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar o desempenho de crianças com dislexia quanto às habilidades auditivas e de consciência fonológica, correlacionando-as. Participaram deste estudo crianças com dislexia e com bom desempenho escolar, submetidas a avaliações audiológica, do processamento auditivo e...

  10. Compilation of NRL Publications on High Temperature Superconductivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Fig. 2. The upper critical field as a function of .R. Beasley: Phys. Rev 11(1979) 4545. temperature for Ial.8Sro.2Cu04 (left) and 10) A. Junod , A...commuication 10) T.P. Orlando. E.J. McNiff. Jr.. S. Foner. and M.R. Beasley: Fhys. Rev 9(1979) 4545.-,, 11) A. Junod . A. Bezinge. T. Graf. J.L. Jorda. J...of MRS meeting (Anaheim, i Uchida et al. Jpn. J. of Apph Phys. 26, L443 (1987). -s 1987; in press). 12. H. Junod et al. (preprint

  11. Melodías en el proceso de desarrollo de la capacidad lectora

    OpenAIRE

    Fonseca Mora, María Carmen

    2013-01-01

    La existencia de un vínculo entre la destreza lectora, la capacidad auditiva y la música ha sido descrita en numerosos estudios. Leer un texto significa sonorizar un mensaje escrito, ya que sin sonidos, en la lectura silenciosa es la voz interior del lector, no puede haber acceso desde los símbolos escritos al léxico y a la comprensión del mismo. Tanto en la lectura en voz alta como en la lectura silenciosa, las grafías que descifra el ojo necesitan apoyarse en elementos son...

  12. Microscopia de Varredura por Sonda em Materiais Carbonosos.

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo QueirÃs de Almeida

    2013-01-01

    O grafeno à definido como uma estrutura cristalina bidimensional, formada por uma rede hexagonal de Ãtomos de carbono, e devido Ãs suas propriedades eletrÃnicas e estruturais, existe um enorme interesse em investigar as propriedades fÃsicas de materiais originados da modificaÃÃo quÃmica do grafeno. AlÃm disso, o grafeno à a base para todos os alÃtropos de carbono com estrutura grafÃtica (hibridizaÃÃo sp2), podendo ser envolvido de forma esfÃrica, formando os fulerenos (0D), enrolado em uma es...

  13. Combats escènics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Rouba Billowicz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available “Combats Escènics” és un treball que tracta sobre la interpretació artística de la violència d’artistes de l’espectacle per tal de divertir el públic i emetre un missatge humanista mitjançant una coreografia ritual. En aquest estudi es presenta una classificació del combat escènic des del doble vessant agonista/antagonista, es realitza un passeig històric de la representació artística del combat a través de les diferents etapes i de les diverses cultures, s’aborda la preparació escènica de l’actor i del coreògraf, i s’entreveuen les perspectives de futur d’aquesta modalitat artística. Estudi realitzat per Pawel Rouba Billewicz (Inowroclaw, Polònia, 1939 - Barcelona, 2007, director, coreògraf, actor, mestre d’armes, mestre del gest i de la pantomima i professor de l’INEF de Catalunya. Aquest article, editorialment inèdit, es publica postmortem per Apunts. Educació Física i Esports com a homenatge i reconeixement de l’autor per la seva extraordinària i polivalent aportació al camp de l’art i l’Activitat Física i l’Esport.

  14. The psychoanalytic process in the treatment of Little Hans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierman, Joseph S

    2007-01-01

    This paper studies the psychoanalytic process in the treatment of Little Hans, using Samuel Abrams's 1988 paper in which he defines the psychoanalytic process as the sequence of steps which appears within the mind of the patient as the treatment proceeds. As with the adult, the child can affectively recall or reenact the past in the transference, but the child also tries to promote whatever developmental phase is being clocked in. In January 1908 Max Graf, Hans's father and a member of the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society who was a musicologist, wrote Freud that his son had developed a fear that a horse would bite him in the street. Freud first suggested that the father give his son some enlightenment in the matter of sexual knowledge, such as his mother and other females have no "widdlers." The enlightenments only increased Hans's anxiety, prompting Freud to meet with Hans and his father and interpret the fear of the horse as fear of the father. While Max Graf was able to help Hans understand some dreams and fantasies, he exhibited a punitive attitude toward Hans's masturbation, which was reinforced by Freud's attitude that it was harmful. The father did not promote his son's development when he withheld knowledge of how babies are born, neither did Freud when he withheld any contrary suggestions from the father.

  15. New graduate RN work satisfaction after completing an interactive nurse residency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Teresa; Linden, Lois; Allen, Marsha; Gibbs, Elizabeth

    2009-04-01

    The aims of this study were to measure job satisfaction and engagement perceptions of new nurses after completing interactive residency modules and to test the reliability and validity of the Halfer-Graf Job/Work Environment Nursing Satisfaction Survey. US nursing shortages are estimated to increase to 36% by 2020, requiring emphasis on hiring new graduate nurses. Improved retention of new graduates through innovative orientations such as interactive nurse residencies is one option. This mixed qualitative and quantitative study compared perceived job satisfaction and employee engagement of 90 new graduate nurses completing an interactive nurse residency. Reliability and validity of the Halfer-Graf tool were supported. Qualitative analysis yielded trends related to satisfiers (patients, patient outcomes, and teamwork) and dissatisfiers (staffing/scheduling, lack of teamwork, and physician disrespect). Simulation scenarios, debriefing, and e-mail communication with peers ranked high as beneficial teaching strategies. Study findings support previous research. An interactive learning environment was perceived as beneficial. First and second year nurse retention was consistent with previous residency programming.

  16. Gerhart Panning (1900-1944): a German forensic pathologist and his involvement in Nazi crimes during Second World War.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preuss, Johanna; Madea, Burkhard

    2009-03-01

    Twenty years after the Second World War the public were made aware of War Crimes committed by the German forensic pathologist, Gerhart Panning (1900-1944). From 1942 till 1944, Panning was professor at the Institute of Forensic Medicine at the University of Bonn. Panning died of tuberculosis on 22 March 1944. After the Second World War, Panning's widow tried to obtain denazification for her husband. There were no particularly serious doubts. In 1965, Konrad Graf von Moltke, the son of Helmuth James Graf von Moltke (1907-1944), presented to the court a private letter from his father to his mother. In this letter, written in 1941, Panning's experiments on Soviet prisoners are described. In the so-called Callsen trial in the court of Darmstadt from 1960 to 1968, the experiments were confirmed by witnesses. In 1941, Panning performed experiments in cooperation with the Sicherheitsstaffel (Nazi special police) in the Ukraine to prove that captured ammunition of the soviet infantry violated international law. For this purpose, different parts of the bodies of living Soviets were used as firing targets. He published the results of these experiments in a scientific journal without any evidence of the origin of these observations. In this article, Panning's life and crimes have been described.

  17. Hip sonography in the newborn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riboni, G.; Serantoni, S.; De Simoni, M.; Bascape', P.; Facchini, R.; Pirovano, G.

    1991-01-01

    The authors report the data relative to 1507 cases studied with clinical and US examinations, in the neonatal period, in order to exclude hip dysplasia dislocation. US examination was carried out according to Graf's technique and the newborns were classified according to US hip type, to clinical examination and to possible risk factors. The patients were included in a protocol including orthopedic and US controls. Seventeen treated infants were considered as pathologic. Ten of them had IIc or D hips ar birth; the other 7, with IIa hips at birth, presented a X-ray pathologic hip after the 4th months of life. At about one year of age all infants could normally walk, excpet for one who was being treated with herness. No statistically significant differences were observed between the number of pathologic infants in the risk group (1.7%) and that in the no-risk group (0.8%). Clinical examination of the newborn has low sensitivity in detecting pathologic hips. On the basis of their results, thw authors belive US examination of the newborn to be a valuable screening method to diagnose hip dysplasia/dislocation. Moreover, Graf's morphologic method is the best one for US screening of the hip in the neonatal period

  18. Los dones de Cuqui: todos los presentes autobiográficos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahi Rocio Pochettino

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2013v13n19p62 Este artículo interpela un breve corpus de obras de la escritora y perfor­mer argen­tina Cuqui: KIKI (2008, KIKI 2 (2012 y la Poe­sía Completa de Natsuki Miyoshi (2012, a partir de la tensión entre presente, don y autobio­grafía. La escri­tura de Cuqui parte de una ética del de­seo, se apropia de la Metagenealogía y la Psicomagia de Alejan­dro Jodorowsky, como méto­dos artístico-literarios para redis­po­ner la construc­ción de la propia autobio­grafía. La firma Cuqui (y todos sus heteró­nimos da lugar y visibiliza la irrupción del nombre como crédito del sí mismo que se explora, exa­mina y crea como parte de una “tecnología del yo”. En este sentido, el ar­tículo se orienta a responder de qué manera Cuqui es el don o presente absoluto de la escri­tura autobio­gráfica.

  19. Los dones de Cuqui: todos los presentes autobiográficos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahi Rocio Pochettino

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo interpela un breve corpus de obras de la escritora y perfor­mer argen­tina Cuqui: KIKI (2008, KIKI 2 (2012 y la Poe­sía Completa de Natsuki Miyoshi (2012, a partir de la tensión entre presente, don y autobio­grafía. La escri­tura de Cuqui parte de una ética del de­seo, se apropia de la Metagenealogía y la Psicomagia de Alejan­dro Jodorowsky, como méto­dos artístico-literarios para redis­po­ner la construc­ción de la propia autobio­grafía. La firma Cuqui (y todos sus heteró­nimos da lugar y visibiliza la irrupción del nombre como crédito del sí mismo que se explora, exa­mina y crea como parte de una “tecnología del yo”. En este sentido, el ar­tículo se orienta a responder de qué manera Cuqui es el don o presente absoluto de la escri­tura autobio­gráfica.

  20. Aplikasi Algoritma Branch and Bound Untuk Optimasi Jalur Pemadam Kebakaran Kota Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Margiyani

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Kasus kebakaran di Indonesia, khususnya Kota Yogyakarta dari tahun ke tahun masih menunjukkan angka yang tinggi. Hal ini mengakibatkan kerugian yang cukup tinggi bagi korban kebakaran. Untuk meminimalisasi terjadinya korban jiwa dan kerugian secara material saat terjadi kebakaran, maka pihak pemadam kebakaran mengupayakan melalui rute terpendek untuk sampai di lokasi kebakaran. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah pencarian rute terpendek jalur pemadam kebakaran dari kantor pemadam sampai ke lokasi kebakaran. Permasalahan pencarian rute terpendek jalur pemadam kebakaran secara abstrak dapat digambarkan dengan suatu graf yang merupakan masalah optimasi dalam pencarian rute terpendek (Shortest Path Problem. Pemecahan permasalahan tersebut adalah dengan merepresentasikan peta pemadam kebakaran ke dalam bentuk graf berbobot dan berarah, selanjutnya permasalahan diselesaikan menggunakan Algoritma Branch and Bound. Perhitungan dilakukan secara manual dengan jarak (dalam meter sebagai bobot perhitungan.  Berdasarkan perhitungan menggunakan Algoritma Branch and Bound untuk optimasi jalur pemadam kebakaran Kota Yogyakarta untuk wilayah Kecamatan Umbulharjo menghasilkan solusi rute: Kantor pemadam kebakaran – Jln. Ipda Tut Harsono - Jln. Kusumanegara – Jln. Glagahsari – Kantor Kecamatan Umbulharjo dengan total jarak 5305 meter atau 5,035 km.

  1. The effect of guide-field and boundary conditions on the features and signatures of collisionless magnetic reconnection in a stressed X-point collapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf von der Pahlen, J.; Tsiklauri, D.

    2015-12-01

    Magnetic X-point collapse is investigated using a 2.5D fully relativistic particle-in-cell simulation, with varying strengths of guide-field as well as open and closed boundary conditions. In the zero guide-field case we discover a new signature of Hall-reconnection in the out-of-plane magnetic field, namely an octupolar pattern, as opposed to the well-studied quadrupolar out-of-plane field of reconnection. The emergence of the octupolar components was found to be caused by ion currents and is a general feature of X-point collapse. In a comparative study of tearing-mode reconnection, signatures of octupolar components are found only in the out-flow region. It is argued that space-craft observations of magnetic fields at reconnection sites may be used accordingly to identify the type of reconnection [1][2]. Further, initial oscillatory reconnection is observed, prior to reconnection onset, generating electro-magnetic waves at the upper-hybrid frequency, matching solar flare progenitor emission. When applying a guide-field, in both open and closed boundary conditions, thinner dissipation regions are obtained and the onset of reconnection is increasingly delayed. Investigations with open boundary conditions show that, for guide-fields close to the strength of the in-plane field, shear flows emerge, leading to the formation of electron flow vortices and magnetic islands [3]. Asymmetries in the components of the generalised Ohm's law across the dissipation region are observed. Extended in 3D geometry, it is shown that locations of magnetic islands and vortices are not constant along the height of the current-sheet. Vortices formed on opposite sites of the current-sheet travel in opposite directions along it, leading to a criss-cross vortex pattern. Possible instabilities resulting from this specific structure formation are to be investigated [4].[1] J. Graf von der Pahlen and D. Tsiklauri, Phys. Plasmas 21, 060705 (2014), [2] J. Graf von der Pahlen and D. Tsiklauri

  2. [Dietetics and health by Pliny the younger].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biffino, Giovanna Galimberti

    2005-01-01

    In Rome, at the time of Pliny (whose writings about health were scarcely received in the history of medicine), the close relationship between health and life style had already become a commonplace, as well as the idea of mesótes, that is to say health intended as the balance of opposites: several documents prove it, as for example the works of Celsus, Cicero and Plutarch. In De sanitate tuenda, Plutarch emphasizes the importance of a metría díaita, and presents a list of suggestions concerning the periods of rest, diet, training exercises, hygiene. In the letters, Pliny goes back to facts of the past and to personal experiences, explaining the concept of cura sui by means of a precise valetudinis ratio: he suggests moderatio and temperantia as the only ways to reach a perfect life style, that is to say the results of a specific behaviour that he considers as fundamental: temperare. From the examples given by Pliny in his letters we can understand the principles of dietetics inspired by temperamentum, that has to be the basis of every part of our life: day planning, choice of an appropriate home, balance between otium and negotium, diet.

  3. Capecitabine-induced cardiotoxicity: more evidence or clinical approaches to protect the patients' heart?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fontanella C

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Caterina Fontanella,1 Marianna Aita,1 Marika Cinausero,1 Giuseppe Aprile,1 Maria Grazia Baldin,2 Veronica Dusi,3 Chiara Lestuzzi,4 Gianpiero Fasola,1 Fabio Puglisi1,5 1Department of Oncology, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy; 2Department of Cardiology, Palmanova General Hospital, Palmanova, Italy; 3Department of Cardiology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy; 4Department of Cardiology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico, National Cancer Institute, Aviano, Italy; 5Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy Abstract: Fluoropyrimidines, such as capecitabine and 5-fluorouracil, may cause cardiac toxicity. In recent years, the incidence of this side effect has increased and it is expected to further rise due to the population aging and the disproportionate incidence of breast and gastrointestinal cancers in older individuals. The spectrum of cardiac manifestations includes different signs and symptoms and the diagnosis may be difficult. Here, we report the case of a 43-year-old woman with advanced breast cancer who was rechallenged with a capecitabine-based regimen after experiencing a cardiac adverse event during the first fluoropyrimidine exposure. This real-practice case serves as a springboard for discussion about the current evidence on differential diagnosis of capecitabine-related cardiac toxicity, its risk factors, and the underpinning mechanisms of early onset. Moreover, we discussed whether a rechallenge with fluoropyrimidines could be safe in patients who had experienced a previous cardiac adverse event. Keywords: risk factors, clinical manifestation, rechallenge

  4. Treatment of Lignin Precursors to Improve their Suitability for Carbon Fibers: A Literature Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Ryan [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.; Naskar, Amit [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Gallego, Nidia [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Dai, Xuliang [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.; Hausner, Andrew [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.

    2015-04-17

    Lignin has been investigated as a carbon fiber precursor since the 1960s. Although there have been a number of reports of successful lignin-based carbon fiber production at the lab scale, lignin-based carbon fibers are not currently commercially available. This review will highlight some of the known challenges, and also the reported methods for purifying and modifying lignin to improve it as a precursor. Lignin can come from different sources (e.g. hardwood, softwood, grasses) and extraction methods (e.g. organosolv, kraft), meaning that lignin can be found with a diversity of purity and structure. The implication of these conditions on lignin as carbon fiber precursor is not comprehensively known, especially as the lignin landscape is evolving. The work presented in this review will help guide the direction of a project between GrafTech and ORNL to develop lignin carbon fiber technology, as part of a cooperative agreement with the DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office.

  5. Przemiany siedlisk wsi pod wpływem urbanizacji we wschodnim paśmie aglomeracji łódzkiej (koluszkowsko-brzezińskim)

    OpenAIRE

    Wójcik, Marcin

    2006-01-01

    W pierwszej części artykułu przedstawiono rozwój sieci osadniczej wschodniego pasma aglomeracji łódzkiej jak o układu linii, posługując się metodą grafów. W dalszej części omówiono przemiany funkcjonalno-przestrzenne wybranych siedlisk wsi pod wpływem procesu urbanizacji. Wykazano zależność między zmianą funkcji siedliska, z rolniczej na pozarolniczą, a malejącą intensywnością zabudowy działek. Prawidłowość ta upoważniła autora do budowy modelu przekształceń funkcjonalno-przest...

  6. Bodensee-Oberschwaben. Eine erfolgreiche Region fernab der Großstädte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danielzyk, Rainer; Köhler, Stefan; Friedsmann, Philipp

    2017-09-01

    Bodensee-Oberschwaben is representative of a type of region that does not receive much attention in regional research. The region is located peripherally, away from the metropolises and urban agglomeration areas. Despite seemingly poor initial conditions, the region is economically very successful. A polycentric structure of many small and medium-sized towns characterize Bodensee-Oberschwaben as well as other attributes, which do not allow for classification into traditional categories such as rural or urban. Friedrichshafen, the largest city and the industrial core of the region, contributes significantly to its prosperity. The international high technology companies, which are located here, have their origins in the activities of Graf Zeppelin in the early 20th century. Regional universities and the strong network between actors both within the region as well as between Bodensee-Oberschwaben and the neighboring regions have also had a positive impact on region's development.

  7. The ethics of physicists in questions

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Four CERN physicists, Peggie Rimmer, Ugo Amaldi, Alain Blondel, and Jean-Marie Le Goff, answered questions from 150 college students last Monday during a debate on the theme of the ethics of physics. Organized by CERN and the Department of public instruction of the Canton of Geneva, the meeting followed a reading by the students of the play Die Physiker, by Friedrich Dürrenmatt, which raises the problem of political exploitation of discoveries made during the second world war. The Minister of Education of the Canton de Genève, Mrs Martine Brunschwig-Graf, took part in the debate. The questions posed by students were not lacking in pertinence : Should a physicist reveal a discovery that is dangerous in his opinion ? Who are responsible, those who make the discoveries or those who use them ?

  8. Surface-near geothermal power. Handling of hydro-economic requirements in the practice; Oberflaechennahe Geothermie. Umgang mit den wasserwirtschaftlichen Anforderungen in der Praxis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-12-15

    Within the meeting of the Bavarian Environment Agency (Augsburg, Federal Republic of Germany) at 1st December, 2009, the following lectures were held: (1) Hydro-economical requirements and working assistance of the Bavarian Environment Agency (Hannes Berger); (2) Technology, dimensioning and safety devices for heat pumps and heat source plants soil - groundwater (Erich Ramming); (3) Well devices for the thermal utilization of the groundwater - planning, production and quality assurance (Michael Thoren); (4) Geothermal probes: Handling of raw materials and welding at the building site (Hubert Graf); (5) Geothermal probes - planning and calculation (Burkhard Sanner); (6) Geothermal probes - drilling operations (Sven Tewes); (7) Certification of drilling companies according to W 120 (Udo Peth); (8) Operation of geothermal plants - Examples from one-family house to football stadium (Arno Poehlmann).

  9. Energy policy turnaround and agriculture. Proceedings; Energiewende und Landwirtschaft. Tagungsband

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wendl, Georg (ed.)

    2012-11-15

    Within the land-technical annual meeting at 22nd November, 2012 in the training centre of the Banz monastery (Bad Staffelstein, Federal Republic of Germany), the following lectures were held: (1) Opportunities and potentials of renewable energies in Bavaria (Rupert Schaefer); (2) Consumption of electricity and energy efficiency in agricultural operation (Stefan Neser); (3) Short-rotation plantations - Processes, efficiency and ecologic balance (Frank Burger); (4) Bavarian pilot plants for the production of biogas - Results from five years of monitoring (Mathias Effenberger); (5) Farm biomass conversion plants up to 75 kW - Opportunities and limits (Andreas Weber); (6) Photovoltaic power plants and wind power plants in the Bavarian agriculture - Where is it all going? (Johannes Graf); (7) Wind energy - Regional value creation by an area model and citizen's participation using an example in Creussen (district Bayreuth) (Harald Mild); (8) Regional power connecting using Hollfeld as an example (Markus Pirkelmann).

  10. Self-concept and delinquency proneness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, F R; Swain, M T

    1977-01-01

    Contrary to the theory of the homeostatic model of self-concept, i.e., the expectancy that engaging in anti-social or pro-social behavior results typically in shifts in the self-concept (Graf, 1968; Deitz, 1970 shifts did not occur. Subjects, 12- 14-year-old boys enrolled in junior high school, delinquent prone (DP) and non-delinquent prone bright (NDPB), reacted to manipulation by engaging in reparative behavior as indicated via an aggression module in a fashion generally expected but the expected shift from chronic self-images did not occur. Both DP and NDPB viewed themselves similarly on self concept. The authors postulated that if shifts would occur for the delinquent prone it would be after they left school with its accompanying identification with a sub-culture outside the school setting.

  11. Evaluation of the recombination in somatic cells induced by radiation in different stages of Drosophila larval development; Evaluacion de la recombinacion en celulas somaticas inducida por radiacion en diferentes etapas del desarrollo larvario de Drosophila

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cruces, M P; Morales R, P [Instituto nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares, A.P. 18-1027, 11801 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    1997-07-01

    The mitotic recombination can happen spontaneously and its frequency is very low, however the recombination rate of a cell can be increased by the exposure to agents which cause damage to DNA. This type of agents are knew commonly as recombinogens. The ionizing radiation and a numerous chemical agents can be mentioned (Vogel, 1992). The objective of this work is to determine if the mutation/recombination rate induced by gamma rays varies with the development stage. In order to realize this investigation it was used the mutation and somatic recombination test of Drosophila wing (Graf and col. 1984). The mwh/ mwh and flr{sup 3}/TM3, Ser stocks were used. (Author)

  12. Validació de radiofàrmacs pet per al seu ús en humans

    OpenAIRE

    Torrent Llongarriu, Èlia

    2014-01-01

    La tomografia per emissió de positrons (PET) és una tècnica d'imatge no invasiva que permet obtenir imatges quantitatives i tridimensionals dels processos biològics i farmacològics en l'organisme. Portar a terme un estudi PET implica l'administració intravenosa d'un radiofàrmac (RF) i l'obtenció de les imatges mitjançant un tomògraf PET. La PET està essent utilitzada en la pràctica clínica per al diagnòstic de diverses malalties com el càncer, la malaltia d'Alzheimer, el Parkinson i l'esquizo...

  13. Segmentace hipokampu v MRI datech

    OpenAIRE

    Kodym, Oldřich

    2015-01-01

    Práce se zabývá využitím grafových metod pro segmentaci málo kontrastních obrazových dat, konkrétně pro segmentaci hipokampu ze snímků magnetické rezonance. Nejprve je uvedena základní problematika a terminologie teorie grafů. Následně je popsána me toda minimálního řezu grafem včetně algoritmů schopných tento minimální řez nalézt. Následuje popis její implementace pro segmentaci 2D a 3D obrazových dat. Metoda byla testována na zkušebních datech a poté implemetována jako modul pro software 3D...

  14. Pathways, Impacts, and Policies on Severe Aerosol Injections into the Atmosphere: 2011 Severe Atmospheric Aerosols Events Conference

    KAUST Repository

    Weil, Martin; Grassl, Hartmut; Hoshyaripour, Gholamali; Kloster, Silvia; Kominek, Jasmin; Misios, Stergios; Scheffran, Juergen; Starr, Steven; Stenchikov, Georgiy L.; Sudarchikova, Natalia; Timmreck, Claudia; Zhang, Dan; Kalinowski, Martin

    2012-01-01

    The 2011 severe atmospheric events conference, held on August 11-12, 2011, Hamburg, Germany, discussed climatic and environmental changes as a result of various kinds of huge injections of aerosols into the atmosphere and the possible consequences for the world population. Various sessions of the conference dealt with different aspects of large aerosol injections and severe atmospheric aerosol events along the geologic time scale. A presentation about radiative heating of aerosols as a self-lifting mechanism in the Australian forest fires discussed the question of how the impact of tropical volcanic eruptions depends on the eruption season. H.-F. Graf showed that cloud-resolving plume models are more suitable to predict the volcanic plume height and dispersion than one-dimensional models. G. Stenchikov pointed out that the absorbing smoke plumes in the upper troposphere can be partially mixed into the lower stratosphere because of the solar heating and lofting effect.

  15. Pathways, Impacts, and Policies on Severe Aerosol Injections into the Atmosphere: 2011 Severe Atmospheric Aerosols Events Conference

    KAUST Repository

    Weil, Martin

    2012-09-01

    The 2011 severe atmospheric events conference, held on August 11-12, 2011, Hamburg, Germany, discussed climatic and environmental changes as a result of various kinds of huge injections of aerosols into the atmosphere and the possible consequences for the world population. Various sessions of the conference dealt with different aspects of large aerosol injections and severe atmospheric aerosol events along the geologic time scale. A presentation about radiative heating of aerosols as a self-lifting mechanism in the Australian forest fires discussed the question of how the impact of tropical volcanic eruptions depends on the eruption season. H.-F. Graf showed that cloud-resolving plume models are more suitable to predict the volcanic plume height and dispersion than one-dimensional models. G. Stenchikov pointed out that the absorbing smoke plumes in the upper troposphere can be partially mixed into the lower stratosphere because of the solar heating and lofting effect.

  16. Der Personenname „Mozaraber“ im Toledo des 12./13. Jahrhunderts. Prosopographische Bemerkungen zu den Trägern eines rätselhaften Namens

    OpenAIRE

    Saßenscheidt, Christian

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo utilizamos un método prosopográfico para explorar el entorno socioeconómico de las personas que eligieron el término ‘mozárabe’ como nombre personal en el Toledo altomedieval. Consciente de las particularidades de la variedad árabe andalusí, este análisis incluye asimismo grafías de fonación similar que se desvían de la forma estándar musta‘rib. En tres casos el material fuentístico permite la reconstrucción de una parte considerable de los antecedentes familiares y económico...

  17. [The research on the surfacial modification of organic high-performance Kevlar fiber].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Yu-ying; Fu, Ming-lian; Cai, Wei-long; Wang, Can-yao; Wang, Liang-en

    2004-04-01

    In the paper the authors tried to use chemical disposal to bring the activity mass onto the surface of Kevlar fiber with the purpose of surface graft modification. In the paper the authors used the FTIR spectra to discuss the graft of toluene-2, 4-diisocyanate onto Kevlar fiber. The authors studied and analysed the effect of hydrolytic time on the content of -O-H group of the production, and the effect of hydrolyzation and hexyl-lactam steadily disposing on the graft reaction. The result showed that the content of -O-H group increased after hydrolyzation, it's helpful for the graft reaction, and hexyl-lactam steadily disposing made the graf product more stable. Through the research the authors came to the conclusion that by bringing some activity masses onto the fiber surface the authors can improve the interface of fiber/resin effectively.

  18. Myocardial perfusion as an indicator of graft patency after coronary artery bypass surgery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kolibash, A.J.; Call, T.D.; Bush, C.A.; Tetalman, M.R.; Lewis, R.P.

    1980-01-01

    Stress and resting myocardial perfusion were assessed in 38 patients who received 96 grafts. Stress perfusion was evaluated with thallium-201 and resting myocardial blood flow distribution with radiolabeled particles. When both stress and rest perfusion were normal, graft patency was 82% (51 of 62 grafts). Graft patency was also high (81%, 13 of 16) in areas where stress perfusion abnormalities resolved or become less apparent at rest. However, when stress perfusion defects remained unchanged at rest, the graf was likely to be occuluded (73%, 11 of 15). Maintenance of normal rest perfusion or improvement of rest perfusion postoperatively was also associated with a high graft patency rate (80%, 35 of 44), whereas the development of new rest perfusion defects postoperatively implied graft occlusion

  19. Synthesis and characterization of c-PTFE-g-styrene copolymer by preirradiation method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oktaviani; Ambyah Suliwarno; Tita Puspitasari

    2011-01-01

    Crosslinked-poly(tetrafluoroethylene)-graf-styrene (c-PTFE-g-styrene) copolymer has been synthesized by copolymerization preirradiation method. Irradiation onto c-PTFE films was carried out by γ-ray with irradiation doses of 15, 30, and 45 kGy at room temperature. Styrene was grafted into irradiated c-PTFE films in the temperature range of between 600-90°C. Parameter observed in the grafting process was degree of grafting. The results showed that the degree of grafting increased with increasing of irradiation doses. The highest degree of grafting was 25,44 % obtained at temperature of 70°C and still increased up to 25,73% with increasing of the grafting time. The optimum grafting time was 2 hours. Chemical and physical properties of c-PTFE-g-styrene film were analyzed by IR spectrophotometer and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). (author)

  20. Data Report on the Newest Batch of PCEA Graphite for the VHTR Baseline Graphite Characterization Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, Mark Christopher [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Cottle, David Lynn [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Rohrbaugh, David Thomas [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

    2016-08-01

    This report details a comparison of mechanical and physical properties from the first billet of extruded PCEA nuclear-grade graphite from the newest batch of PCEA procured from GrafTech. Testing has largely been completed on three of the billets from the original batch of PCEA, with data distributions for those billets exhibiting a much wider range of values when compared to the distributions of properties from other grades. A higher propensity for extremely low values or specimens that broke while machining or handling was also characteristic of the billets from the first batch, owing to unusually large fissures or disparate flaws in the billets in an as-manufactured state. Coordination with GrafTech prior to placing the order for a second batch of PCEA included discussions on these large disparate flaws and how to prevent them during the manufacturing process. This report provides a comparison of the observed data distributions from properties measured in the first billet from the new batch of PCEA with those observed in the original batch, in order that an evaluation of tighter control of the manufacturing process and the outcome of these controls on final properties can be ascertained. Additionally, this billet of PCEA is the first billet to formally include measurements from two alternate test techniques that will become part of the Baseline Graphite Characterization database – the three-point bend test on sub-sized cylinders and the Brazilian disc splitting tensile strength test. As the program moves forward, property distributions from these two tests will be based on specimen geometries that match specimen geometries being used in the irradiated Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) program. This will allow a more thorough evaluation of both the utility of the test and expected variability in properties when using those approaches on the constrained geometries of specimens irradiated in the Advanced Test Reactor as part of the AGC experiment.

  1. [Congenital dysplasia of the hip in children of immigrants from developing countries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azzoni, R; Sutti, G

    1997-10-01

    Aim of study was to ascertain the possible presence of congenital dysplasia of the hip in infants (CDH) in the population immigrated from countries where the problem is surely neglected from the local health service and estimate its incidence. Moreover to observe the impact of the CDH problem on the parents of these children, sometimes of scarce culture or rather of scarce comprehension of the language. Finally, to verify the answer of parents to the medical prescriptions and to the not simple therapeutic formality. From 1989 to 1996, the hip has been examined by Graf ultrasounds (US) method on a population of 181 infants born from developing countries' immigrants in Italy; 77 of them were Egyptians. Even if the density of the population studied was not very high, the results presented in this paper are innovative and differ from the literature on this matter. Among the 362 hips examined with US, only 5 hips were found to be pathologic (4 Egyptians and 1 Philippine; 2 type uD and 3 type IIC of Graf), and they were treated and recovered with a harm in about 3 months. This work underlines the necessity that all immigrated infants should be studied with US hip exams and that CDH in these people should not be under-evaluated: the very low occurrence of this pathology in developing countries is probably mainly due to scarsity of studies on this matter. This allows not only to avoid hip dislocation in these subjects, but also to the society to avoid the necessary cost of the subsequent treatment of well more serious diseases such as osteoarthritis of the hip on dysplastic basis, in subjects that likely will stay in our country definitely, becoming Italian citizens to all effects.

  2. PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENJADWALAN PEMBELAJARAN MENGGUNAKAN GRAPH COLORING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taufik Hidayatulloh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - In learning scheduling problem often faced by schools in the new academic year. Sometimes collisions on the schedule was not found when the learning process has begun, so it is necessary to re-schedule on the schedule. And this resulted in the teaching and learning first weeks less to run well. Researchers previously have used various methods to solve the scheduling as Tabu search, Simulated Annealing, Network Flow, Graph Coloring. Graph Coloring (coloring of a graph is the simplest method and the experimental results indicate that the development of methods of scheduling Graph Coloring deliver results that meet an average of 93% across the specified constraints. At the time of split schedules that require extra energy at the start of learning did not experience a collision. With this system is expected to facilitate the allocation of space, teachers, lessons to avoid a collision. Keywords: Information Systems, Scheduling, graph coloring Abstraksi - Dalam masalah penjadwalan pembelajaran sering dihadapi sekolah pada tahun ajaran baru. Terkadang tabrakan pada jadwal itu baru ditemukan ketika proses belajar mengajar telah dimulai, sehingga perlu dilakukan penjadwalan ulang pada jadwal tersebut. Dan hal ini mengakibatkan kegiatan belajar mengajar pada minggu-minggu pertama kurang dapat berjalan dengan baik. Para peneliti sebelumnya telah menggunakan berbagai metode untuk memecahkan penjadwalan seperti Tabu search, Simulated Annealing, Network Flow, Graph Coloring. Graph Coloring (pewarnaan graf merupakan metode yang paling sederhana dan hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa pengembangan metode Graph Coloring memberikan hasil penjadwalan yang memenuhi rata-rata 93% seluruh constraints yang ditentukan. Pada saat membagi jadwal memerlukan energi ekstra agar pada saat di mulai pembelajaran tidak mengalami tabrakan. Dengan sistem ini diharapkan dapat mempermudah dalam mengalokasikan ruangan, guru, pelajaran agar tidak mengalami tabrakan. Kata

  3. A MATLAB-based graphical user interface program for computing functionals of the geopotential up to ultra-high degrees and orders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bucha, Blažej; Janák, Juraj

    2013-07-01

    We present a novel graphical user interface program GrafLab (GRAvity Field LABoratory) for spherical harmonic synthesis (SHS) created in MATLAB®. This program allows to comfortably compute 38 various functionals of the geopotential up to ultra-high degrees and orders of spherical harmonic expansion. For the most difficult part of the SHS, namely the evaluation of the fully normalized associated Legendre functions (fnALFs), we used three different approaches according to required maximum degree: (i) the standard forward column method (up to maximum degree 1800, in some cases up to degree 2190); (ii) the modified forward column method combined with Horner's scheme (up to maximum degree 2700); (iii) the extended-range arithmetic (up to an arbitrary maximum degree). For the maximum degree 2190, the SHS with fnALFs evaluated using the extended-range arithmetic approach takes only approximately 2-3 times longer than its standard arithmetic counterpart, i.e. the standard forward column method. In the GrafLab, the functionals of the geopotential can be evaluated on a regular grid or point-wise, while the input coordinates can either be read from a data file or entered manually. For the computation on a regular grid we decided to apply the lumped coefficients approach due to significant time-efficiency of this method. Furthermore, if a full variance-covariances matrix of spherical harmonic coefficients is available, it is possible to compute the commission errors of the functionals. When computing on a regular grid, the output functionals or their commission errors may be depicted on a map using automatically selected cartographic projection.

  4. Deep formation waters of Western Europe, Russia and North America characterised by sodium, calcium, magnesium and chloride concentrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozau, Elke; Hemme, Christina; Sattler, Carl-Diedrich; van Berk, Wolfgang

    2015-04-01

    Deep formation water can be classified according to depth, temperature, and salinity (e.g., Graf et al. 1966, Kharaka & Hanor 2007). Most of the deep formation waters contain dissolved solids in excess of sea water. The hydrogeochemical development of formation water has been discussed for a long time. It is widely accepted that deep aquifers are influenced by the meteoric cycle and geochemical processes within the crust (e.g., Hebig et al. 2012). Similar hydrogeochemical signatures are found in deep formation waters of all continents and can be explained by general geochemical processes within the deep reservoirs (e.g., Land 1995). Therefore, data of deep formation waters from Western Europe, Russia, and North America are collected and classified by the major water components. The data are used to identify important hydrogeochemical processes (e.g., halite dissolution and albitisation) leading to different compositions of formation water. Two significant water types are identified: Na-Cl water and Na-Ca-Cl water. Based on the collected hydrogeochemical data, development trends are stated for the formation waters, and albitisation is favoured as the main process for calcium enrichment. Furthermore, differences of formation water according to stratigraphical units are shown for deep reservoirs of the North German Basin and the North Sea. References: Graf, D.L., 1982. Chemical osmosis, reverse chemical osmosis, and the origin of subsurface brines. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta 46, 1431-1448. Hebig, K.H., Ito, N., Scheytt, T., Marui, A., 2012. Review: Deep groundwater research with focus on Germany. Hydrogeology Journal 20, 227-243. Kharaka, Y.K., Hanor, J.S., 2007. Deep fluids in continents: I. Sedimentary Basins. Treatise on Geochemistry 5, 1-48. Land, L.S., 1995. The role of saline formation water in the crustal cycling. Aquatic Geochemistry 1, 137-145. Acknowledgements: The presented data are results of the collaborative research program "gebo" (Geothermal energy

  5. Sonographic evaluation of borderline hips in the newborn

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rabassini, A.; Piovesan, L.; Rupeni, L.; Donadi, M.; Bacarini, L.; Gerardi, A.; Ortolani, M.

    1991-01-01

    Infant hips are classified, according to Graf, in 4 US types on the basis of the morphologic changes in both the cartilaginous and the bony roofs (type I, II, III, IV). Out of 6,000 examined hips, 170 (2.8%) were considered, which could be classified neither as type I (mature) nor as type II (delayed/immature ossification). These hips were called borderline hips. They exhibited some charecteristic US features: good bone modeling, rounded cotyle, and α angle 60 grades ±2. They were always observed during the first month of the patients' life. Anamnestic data were not specific (27.5% breech delivery, and 13% oligohydramnios); clinics sometimes overestimated tha actual anatomic development (64/170 cases with positivity of Ortolani's sign and/or restricted abduction; 25% of patients presented with no suspicious signs) Dynamic hip examination showed only physiological cranial deflection of the cartilaginous roof. Finally, borderline hips developed into type I hips in 99% of cases, within the third month of the patients' life

  6. The larva of Drusus vinconi Sipahiler, 1992 (Trichoptera, Limnephilidae, Drusinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Waringer

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the previously unknown larva of Drusus vinconi Sipahiler, 1992. Information on the morphology of the 5th larval instar is given, and the most important diagnostic features are illustrated. In the context of existing identification keys the larva of D. vinconi keys together with D. annulatus (Stephens, 1837, D. biguttatus (Pictet, 1834, D. ingridae Sipahiler, 1993, Hadimina torosensis Sipahiler, 2002 and Leptodrusus budtzi (Ulmer, 1913. These species differ in the contours of the pronotum in lateral view, the presence/absence of the pronotal transverse groove, the shape of the median notch of the pronotum (in anterior view, pronotal sculpturing, presence/absence of the lateral carina of the head capsule, the number of proximo-dorsal setae on the mid-and hind femora, where the lateral fringe starts on the abdomen, and in geographic distribution. With respect to zoogeography, Drusus vinconi is a (micro-endemic of the Western Pyrenees. The species prefers stony substratum in springs and springbrooks of the montane and subalpine region (Graf et al. 2008; Sipahiler 1992, 1993. As a grazer, the larvae of D. vinconi feed on biofilm and epilithic algae.

  7. Radiometric on-line-determination of lead in lead-zinc ore processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lubecki, A.; Wiese, K.; Gralher, M.

    1983-01-01

    By the example of Pb determination in PbS-ZnS flotation liquids the advancement of the radionuclide (Co-57) excited X-ray fluorescence assay technique Graf is reported. The technique of measurement, previously tested in analyzing baryte contained in the fluorsphar flotation liquid was adapted to the conditions prevailing in the PbS-ZnS flotation liquid by modification of theory, principle of measurement, and measuring technique. Testing on an industrial scale was performed in the flotation facility of Preussag AG Metall at Bad Grund, more particularly in the process streams of strategic importance such as ''total tailings'', ''Pb tailings'', and ''lotation feed''. Correspondence between the on-line analytical values and the comparable values from conventional operating analysis was fair. For 31 reference samples from ''total tailings'' and for 20 reference samples from ''Pb tailings'' the mean scattering was calculated to be approx. 0,04%, for 20 reference samples from ''flotation feed'' it amounted to 0,14% Pb. (orig./HP) [de

  8. Cartografía semiótica para la comprensión de territorios de conflicto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béatriz Nates Cruz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda el tema del desplazamiento forzado desde los siguientes ejes de investigación: la apropiación material y simbólica del espacio en el proceso de construcción del territorio y la configuración de los espacios de conflicto; y las construcciones simbólicas y sociales adoptadas por los desplazados como actores sociales individuales y colectivos. Además, pone a consideración un ejercicio metodológico a través de un análisis antropológico y geográfico sobre la morfología y configuración sociopolítica y económica de los territorios urbanos y rurales del departamento de Caldas desde el año 2000. El análisis está basado en la elaboración de una cartografía semiótica con énfasis en la grafía de las representaciones, y presenta dos categorías de mapas: los temáticos y los sintéticos.

  9. Os pais da psicanálise com crianças

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adela Stoppel de Gueller

    Full Text Available Durante meio século, a história da psicanálise com crianças guiou-se pelas linhas mestras estabelecidas no Colóquio sobre análise infantil, que em 1927 entronou Melanie Klein e Anna Freud como suas genuínas mães. Um dos efeitos que se produziram foi a psicanálise com crianças se haver consagrado como um campo de mulheres. Contudo, anteriores a essas mulheres, estão os que podemos considerar os pais da psicanálise com crianças — mas que não foram reconhecidos como tais. Entre eles, Karl Abraham, Carl Jung e Max Graf. O que se esconde nesse apagamento? Que efeitos isso teve na prática psicanalítica com crianças? O artigo levanta a hipótese de que a fantasia do pai sedutor dissuadiu os homens de se aventurarem nesse campo.

  10. The early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip using ultrasonography. The importance of following up cases with physiological immaturity; Diagnostico precoz por ultrasonidos de la displasia de desarrollo de la cadera. Importancia del seguimiento de los casos con inmadurez fisiologia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esparza, J.; Gonzalez, A.; Garcia, S.; Elso, J.; Cordero, J. L. [Hospital Vigen del Camino. Pamplona (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    To determine the efficiency of an early diagnosis programme using ultrasounds (US) of development dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using different criteria to delect patients according to the sex: universal to girls, but only including boys with a DDH risk factor (a physical pathological examination of new born babies, babies born feet first, family history and orthopaedic deformities). Of the 3,469 children born at our hospital during one specific year, 1,721 were included in the programme. US was carried out on all of them, following the Graf technique, when they were a month old, with the exception of the new born babies who were studied during their first week by means of a physical pathological examination. The babies who were diagnosed with physically immature hips in this first study using US; were followed up. Thirty-two babies born during the year suffered from DDH (a rate of 9.2 per thousand). Among them there was only 1 case of delayed DDH (that was not detected in the programme). Seven babies were diagnosed with DDH thanks to the follow up procedures carried out on babies with physically immature hips. Putting this programme for early diagnosis into practices has achieved the almost total disappearance of delayed DDH. When comparing the results with previous periods, where different early detection systems were used, the duration and the aggressiveness of the treatment has reduced considerably. Follow up procedures using US of physically immature hips is obligatory. (Author) 14 refs.

  11. Reliability of ultrasonographic measurements in suspected patients of developmental dysplasia of the hip and correlation with the acetabular index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cem Copuroglu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Ultrasonography is accepted as a useful imaging modality in the early detection of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH. Early detection and early treatment of DDH prevents hip dislocation and related physical, social, economic, and psychological problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability of ultrasonographic and roentgenographic measurements measured by seven different observers. Materials and Methods: The alpha angles of 66 hips in 33 patients were measured using the Graf method by seven different observers. Acetabular index degrees on plane roentgenograms were measured in order to assess the correlation between the ultrasonographic alpha angle and the radiographic acetabular index, which both show the bony acetabular depth, retrospectively. Results: The interclass correlation coefficient, measuring the interobserver reliability, was high and statistically significant for the ultrasonographic measurements. There was a negative correlation between the alpha angle and the acetabular index. Conclusions: Ultrasonography, when applied properly, is a reliable technique between different observers, in the diagnosis and follow up of DDH. When assessed concomitantly with the roentgenographic measurements, the results are reliable and statistically meaningful.

  12. Decoding target distance and saccade amplitude from population activity in the macaque lateral intraparietal area (LIP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank Bremmer

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Primates perform saccadic eye movements in order to bring the image of an interesting target onto the fovea. Compared to stationary targets, saccades towards moving targets are computationally more demanding since the oculomotor system must use speed and direction information about the target as well as knowledge about its own processing latency to program an adequate, predictive saccade vector. In monkeys, different brain regions have been implicated in the control of voluntary saccades, among them the lateral intraparietal area (LIP. Here we asked, if activity in area LIP reflects the distance between fovea and saccade target, or the amplitude of an upcoming saccade, or both. We recorded single unit activity in area LIP of two macaque monkeys. First, we determined for each neuron its preferred saccade direction. Then, monkeys performed visually guided saccades along the preferred direction towards either stationary or moving targets in pseudo-randomized order. LIP population activity allowed to decode both, the distance between fovea and saccade target as well as the size of an upcoming saccade. Previous work has shown comparable results for saccade direction (Graf and Andersen, 2014a, b. Hence, LIP population activity allows to predict any two-dimensional saccade vector. Functional equivalents of macaque area LIP have been identified in humans. Accordingly, our results provide further support for the concept of activity from area LIP as neural basis for the control of an oculomotor brain-machine interface.

  13. Theory of generalized Bessel functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dattoli, G.; Giannessi, L.; Mezi, L.; Torre, A.

    1990-01-01

    In this paper it is discussed the theory of generalized Bessel functions which are of noticeable importance in the analysis of scattering processes for which the dipole approximation cannot be used. These functions have been introduced in their standard form and their modified version. The relevant generating functions and Graf-type addition theorems have been stated. The usefulness of the results to construct a fast algorithm for their quantitative computation is also devised. It is commented on the possibility of getting two-index generalized Bessel functions in e.g. the study of sum rules of the type Σ n=-∞ ∞ t n J n 3 (x), where J n is the cylindrical Bessel function of the first kind. The usefulness of the results for problems of practical interest is finally commented on. It is shown that a modified Anger function can be advantageously introduced to get an almost straightforward computation of the Bernstein sum rule in the theory of ion waves

  14. 100 years of MTU; 100 Jahre MTU

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Basshuysen, Richard van; Siebenpfeiffer, Wolfgang (eds.)

    2009-03-15

    The Luftfahrzeug-Motorenbau GmbH, the predecessor of MTU Friedrichshafen, was founded in March 1909. This was the age of pioneers like Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin and Wilhelm and Karl Maybach - names that will always be remembered. MTU could not have been founded without them, and these roots are something to be proud of. The technical developments of Karl Maybach were pioneering feats. MTU constructed the first supercompressor aircraft engine as well as the first fast turbocharged industrial diesel engine and the first industrial diesel engine with modern CR injection. MTU today is a leading producer of industrial diesel engines and complete propulsion systems for marine applications, industrial plants and decentral power generation. The new 1600 line was introduced in 2009; it widens the product range in the lower-capacity range of 270 to 730 kW and comprises the only engine in the market that was developed specially for off-highway applications. Since 2008, the label 'MTU Onsite Energy' stands for decentral power supply, where MTU is a leading producer of decentral power supply systems based on diesel engines, gas engines, and fuel cells. This special issue of MTZ presents a picture of milestones and future prospects. (orig.)

  15. Sound-structure interaction analysis of an infinite-long cylindrical shell submerged in a quarter water domain and subject to a line-distributed harmonic excitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Wenjie; Li, Tianyun; Zhu, Xiang; Miao, Yuyue

    2018-05-01

    The sound-structure coupling problem of a cylindrical shell submerged in a quarter water domain is studied. A semi-analytical method based on the double wave reflection method and the Graf's addition theorem is proposed to solve the vibration and acoustic radiation of an infinite cylindrical shell excited by an axially uniform harmonic line force, in which the acoustic boundary conditions consist of a free surface and a vertical rigid surface. The influences of the complex acoustic boundary conditions on the vibration and acoustic radiation of the cylindrical shell are discussed. It is found that the complex acoustic boundary has crucial influence on the vibration of the cylindrical shell when the cylindrical shell approaches the boundary, and the influence tends to vanish when the distances between the cylindrical shell and the boundaries exceed certain values. However, the influence of the complex acoustic boundary on the far-field sound pressure of the cylindrical shell cannot be ignored. The far-field acoustic directivity of the cylindrical shell varies with the distances between the cylindrical shell and the boundaries, besides the driving frequency. The work provides more understanding on the vibration and acoustic radiation behaviors of cylindrical shells with complex acoustic boundary conditions.

  16. Quantifying the predictive accuracy of time-to-event models in the presence of competing risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoop, Rotraut; Beyersmann, Jan; Schumacher, Martin; Binder, Harald

    2011-02-01

    Prognostic models for time-to-event data play a prominent role in therapy assignment, risk stratification and inter-hospital quality assurance. The assessment of their prognostic value is vital not only for responsible resource allocation, but also for their widespread acceptance. The additional presence of competing risks to the event of interest requires proper handling not only on the model building side, but also during assessment. Research into methods for the evaluation of the prognostic potential of models accounting for competing risks is still needed, as most proposed methods measure either their discrimination or calibration, but do not examine both simultaneously. We adapt the prediction error proposal of Graf et al. (Statistics in Medicine 1999, 18, 2529–2545) and Gerds and Schumacher (Biometrical Journal 2006, 48, 1029–1040) to handle models with competing risks, i.e. more than one possible event type, and introduce a consistent estimator. A simulation study investigating the behaviour of the estimator in small sample size situations and for different levels of censoring together with a real data application follows.

  17. Two contrasted future scenarios for the French agro-food system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billen, Gilles; Le Noë, Julia; Garnier, Josette

    2018-10-01

    Narratives of two prospective scenarios for the future of French agriculture were elaborated by pushing several trends already acting on the dynamics of the current system to their logical end. The first one pursues the opening and specialization characterizing the long-term evolution of the last 50 years of most French agricultural regions, while the second assumes a shift, already perceptible through weak signals, towards more autonomy at the farm and regional scales, a reconnection of crop and livestock farming and a more frugal human diet. A procedure is proposed to translate these qualitative narratives into a quantitative description of the corresponding nutrient fluxes using the GRAFS (Generalized Representation of Agro-Food Systems) methodology, thus allowing a comprehensive exploration of the agronomical and environmental performance of these two scenarios. The results show that the pursuit of the opening and specialization of French agriculture, even complying with regulations regarding reasoned fertilization, would result in considerable environmental burdens namely in terms of water pollution. The scenario generalizing organic farming practices, reconnection of crop and livestock farming systems and a demitarian human diet makes it possible to meet the future national food demand while still exporting significant amounts of cereals to the international market and ensuring better groundwater quality in most French regions. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Residence space/graphic space: engravings in the open air in the municipality of La Hinojosa (Cuenca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bueno Ramírez, Primitiva

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The work that now we present is based on the analysis of graphic designs, their location and their relationship to the environment, in the municipality of La Hinojosa Cuenca, a place where we have well documented occupations of the Copper and Bronze Ages. Our aim is to understand these engravings as part of the expressions of peninsular Schematic Art, in this case associated with an occupational context, and to provide elements for the comprehension of its message in a broader context that includes occupational contexts for other open aire engravings in the Iberian Peninsula.

    El trabajo que ahora presentamos se basa en el análisis de las grafías, su ubicación en el soporte y su relación con el entorno, en una zona concreta, el término de La Hinojosa, en Cuenca, lugar en el que tenemos bien documentadas ocupaciones calcolíticas y de la Edad del Bronce. Nuestra propuesta es la de comprender dichos grabados como una parte de las expresiones del Arte Esquemático peninsular, en este caso asociadas a un contexto habitacional y, a partir de ahí, aportar elementos para la comprensión de su "mensaje" desde una perspectiva más amplia que incluye otros contextos habitacionales para conjuntos de grabados al aire libre en la Península Ibérica.

  19. ThinkQuest to help Internet people Think Young!

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    The ThinkQuest Internet Challenge Awards are given to young teams of web site designers. This year, the award ceremony was hosted by CERN on 19 March.   Young visitors to CERN are not unusual. But those you may have seen around the Laboratory last Monday were here for a special event - the ThinkQuest Internet Challenge Awards. This is an international program for students from 12 to 19 working in teams, across different schools and cultures, to design exciting, interactive, and educational web sites. At stake in the competition was over $1 million in scholarships and awards. Martine Brunschwig Graf (top left), Geneva State Councillor responsible for public education, at the ThinkQuest award ceremony at CERN where some 70 young finalists were assembled. For this year's Award Ceremony, the 70 finalists were CERN's guests on Monday after spending three days in Geneva. Ranging in age from 14 to 19 years and representing over 20 countries, the finalists were welcomed to the awards day by CERN Director G...

  20. Decoding Target Distance and Saccade Amplitude from Population Activity in the Macaque Lateral Intraparietal Area (LIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bremmer, Frank; Kaminiarz, Andre; Klingenhoefer, Steffen; Churan, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Primates perform saccadic eye movements in order to bring the image of an interesting target onto the fovea. Compared to stationary targets, saccades toward moving targets are computationally more demanding since the oculomotor system must use speed and direction information about the target as well as knowledge about its own processing latency to program an adequate, predictive saccade vector. In monkeys, different brain regions have been implicated in the control of voluntary saccades, among them the lateral intraparietal area (LIP). Here we asked, if activity in area LIP reflects the distance between fovea and saccade target, or the amplitude of an upcoming saccade, or both. We recorded single unit activity in area LIP of two macaque monkeys. First, we determined for each neuron its preferred saccade direction. Then, monkeys performed visually guided saccades along the preferred direction toward either stationary or moving targets in pseudo-randomized order. LIP population activity allowed to decode both, the distance between fovea and saccade target as well as the size of an upcoming saccade. Previous work has shown comparable results for saccade direction (Graf and Andersen, 2014a,b). Hence, LIP population activity allows to predict any two-dimensional saccade vector. Functional equivalents of macaque area LIP have been identified in humans. Accordingly, our results provide further support for the concept of activity from area LIP as neural basis for the control of an oculomotor brain-machine interface. PMID:27630547

  1. El arte paleolítico en El Carnicero de Chabrol.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lombo Montañés, Alberto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El cine de ficción ha recreado las grafías paleolíticas de muy diversas formas. Las reproducciones fílmicas han servido para enseñar a los niños (Viaje a la Prehsitoria, Cesta do praveku, 1954 de Karel Zeman, para fantasear acerca de los extraterrestres (Prometheus, Ridley Scott, 2012; pero sólo Chabrol lo ha utilizado para estructurar la historia de unos crímenes. Claude Chabrol (1930-2010 era uno de los críticos de Cahiers de cinèma que, junto con otros reconocidos directores de la Nouvelle Vague como François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard o Eric Rohmer, pasó a la dirección de películas. En sus numerosos films Chabrol dio gran importancia a la estructura narrativa y a las apariencias que se esconden tras la realidad física cotidiana (Viganò, 1999, p. 23 y 30. Además, los personajes de Chabrol no reflejan un individuo particular, sino a toda la humanidad (Viganò, 1999, p. 57. Estas tres características, herederas en gran medida del cine de Alfred Hitchcock, son fundamentales para comprender la presencia del arte paleolítico en la película que nos ocupa.

  2. Parent' s experiences and perceives at premature newborn in the neonatal intensive care unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klaudia Urbančič

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Text treats parent's experiences and perceives and the significant of their newborn premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit in the Ljubljana maternity hospital. Aim of health promotion, the significance of health education in health education counselling are presented. The purpose of this study was to introduction parent' s experiences and make an implementation in nursing practice. The advantage is represent by performing health education counselling for parents in intensive care unit permanently. Perceives of parents during living their newborn infant in neonatal intensive care unit are present on five concepts: perceive parents themselves, perceive their infant, perceive the staff and the intensive care setting and perceive their home setting. Results are showing statistic important differences between mothers and fathers at the time of deliver and at the time charging infant home. A questionare was used for collecting data. Process of development instrument is represent. Descriptive statistics and T-test was used for quantitative data analysed. Using method of internal consistent Chronbach alpha tested reliability of scales and mean differences in time are graf protrayed by 95% confident intervals. Results show statistical significant differences on all five concepts of parent's experiences. Methodological findings and reseaarch limitations are also present. Authoress positive evaluates the effect of health education counselling program and find out its positive effect on parent's critical thinking and contributes to quality assurance nursing.

  3. Recent Progress in Producing Lignin-Based Carbon Fibers for Functional Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Ryan [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.; Burwell, Deanna [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.; Dai, Xuliang [GrafTech International Holdings Inc.; Naskar, Amit [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Gallego, Nidia [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Akato, Kokouvi [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    2015-10-29

    Lignin, a biopolymer, has been investigated as a renewable and low-cost carbon fiber precursor since the 1960s. Although successful lab-scale production of lignin-based carbon fibers has been reported, there are currently not any commercial producers. This paper will highlight some of the known challenges with converting lignin-based precursors into carbon fiber, and the reported methods for purifying and modifying lignin to improve it as a precursor. Several of the challenges with lignin are related to its diversity in chemical structure and purity, depending on its biomass source (e.g. hardwood, softwood, grasses) and extraction method (e.g. organosolv, kraft). In order to make progress in this field, GrafTech and Oak Ridge National Laboratory are collaborating to develop lignin-based carbon fiber technology and to demonstrate it in functional applications, as part of a cooperative agreement with the DOE Advanced Manufacturing Office. The progress made to date with producing lignin-based carbon fiber for functional applications, as well as developing and qualifying a supply chain and value proposition, are also highlighted.

  4. Inferring eye position from populations of lateral intraparietal neurons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf, Arnulf Ba; Andersen, Richard A

    2014-05-20

    Understanding how the brain computes eye position is essential to unraveling high-level visual functions such as eye movement planning, coordinate transformations and stability of spatial awareness. The lateral intraparietal area (LIP) is essential for this process. However, despite decades of research, its contribution to the eye position signal remains controversial. LIP neurons have recently been reported to inaccurately represent eye position during a saccadic eye movement, and to be too slow to support a role in high-level visual functions. We addressed this issue by predicting eye position and saccade direction from the responses of populations of LIP neurons. We found that both signals were accurately predicted before, during and after a saccade. Also, the dynamics of these signals support their contribution to visual functions. These findings provide a principled understanding of the coding of information in populations of neurons within an important node of the cortical network for visual-motor behaviors.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.02813.001. Copyright © 2014, Graf and Andersen.

  5. AMDLIBGZ, IBM 360 Subroutine Library for Data Processing, Graphics, Sorting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, Jesse Y.

    1980-01-01

    Description of problem or function: AMDLIBGZ is a subset of the IBM 360 Subroutine Library at the Applied Mathematics Division at Argonne National Laboratory. This subset includes library categories G-Z: Identification/Description: G552S F RANF: Random number generator; J952S F YOLYPLOT: CalComp plots; J955S P GRAF: Prints a graph of points on line printer; K250S A1: Core to core conversion; K251S A HEXINP: Hexadecimal input for PL/I programs; K252S A HEXOUT: Hexadecimal output conv. PL/I programs; M101S F SORT: Algebraic sort; M150S F CSORT: Algebraic sort; M151S P2 ANLKWIC: KWIC sort; M250S A SMALLIST: Squeezes assembler listing to 8 x 11; N251S A ABEND: Calls ABEND dump; Q052S A CLOCK: Time; Q053S A COPYAGO: Copy load module from tape to disk; Q054S A DATE: Current date in form MM/DD/YY; Q055S A TIME: Time (24 hour clock) in EBCDIC HH.MM.SS; Z013S F: Variable metric minimization; Z057S A LOCF: Locate machine addresses of variables; Z071S A ALLOC: Allocate LCS for FORTRAN programs; Z074S A ANLMNP: Exponent and mantissa manipulative functs.

  6. Heat pumps - Even more efficient and quieter; Waermepumpen - noch effizienter und leiser

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kopp, T.

    2003-07-01

    These comprehensive proceedings contain nine presentations made at the 10th Conference held by the Swiss Research Programme on Environmental Heat, Combined Heat and Power Generation (CHP) and Refrigeration in Burgdorf, Switzerland in June 2003. In a paper by Stefen Bertsch, Peter Hubacher and Prof. Dr. Max Ehrbar, methods of freeing the evaporators used in air-water heat pumps of ice is examined, Prof. Dr. Thomas Afjei introduces standardised schematics for heat pump installations, Dr. Hans Rudolf Graf presents the results of research into noise reduction for air-water heat pumps and Dr. Esfandiar Shafai reports on pulse-width-modulation for small heat pumps. A further paper covers the use of ammonia in small heat pumps (Ewald Geisser). Dr. Martin Zogg looks back on 10 years of heat pump research at the Swiss Federal Office of Energy whilst Prof. Dr. Thomas Kopp takes a look at the future activities of the programme. Finally, Prof. Dr. Max Ehrbar discusses strategies for and the implementation of pilot and demonstration plants.

  7. El animal biográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julieta Yelin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo parte de una pregunta aparentemente impertinente: ¿por qué los animales no tienen biografía? La respuesta parece evidente: no participando del bíos, difícilmente podrían convocar la grafía; una vida sin palabras –sin historia, sin muerte, sin política– no solicitaría –ni ameritaría– un relato. ¿A quién podría interesarle la vida de un pollo industrial, criado bajo lámparas, hacinado, alimentado incesantemente, privado del sueño hasta el momento de ser desangrado por una máquina? ¿Es eso acaso una vida? ¿Y quién podría escribirla? Con todo, el interrogante suscita algunas reflexiones e ilumina aspectos de la narración biográfica que, analizados desde una perspectiva antropocéntrica, permanecen en la sombra; en primer lugar, el prejuicio de que bíos y zoé son zonas discernibles en el ser humano y, por tanto, en su relato biográfico. El trabajo apunta, así, a examinar la imposibilidad de la biografía animal con la intuición de que en ella se exhibe la callada insistencia de la zoografía humana.

  8. Environmental political targets of the EU: German-French contributions for the achievement of the EU goals. Proceedings; Umweltpolitische Ziele der EU: Deutsch-franzoesische Beitraege zur Zielerreichung. Concepts franco-allemands pour atteindre les objectifs environnementaux de l'UE. Tagungsband. Actes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cail, Sylvain; Moest, Dominik; Fichtner, Wolf; Percebois, Jacques (eds.)

    2009-07-01

    The first German-French workshop on energy economy and sustainability on January 29 and 30, 2009 at Karlsruhe (Federal Republic of Germany) comprised the following lectures: (1) Systematic evaluation of the sustainability in energy projects (Volker Stelzer); (2) Comparative value of various mechanisms of promoting renewable energy sources (Jacques Percebois, Olivier Rousse); (3) Communities as actors in climate protection (Lioba Markl, Nurten Avci); (4) The chain of value of photovoltaic systems containing crystalline silicon (Christin Oeser); (5) The wind power industry as an example of the German-French cooperation for the achievement of environmental political targets of the EU (Katharina Braig, Markus Jenne); (6) A short history of the future of biomass and biofuels in relation to white biotechnologies (Gerard Goma, Carole Molina-Jouve); (7) Generation and feeding of methane from biomass (Frank Graf); (8) Energy evaluation of the thickening of the biomass by rapid pyrolysis (Guillain Mauviel et al.); (9) Future role of renewable energies in European electricity supply (Dominik Moest et al.); (10) A systematic evaluation of the potentials for reducing CO{sub 2} as an element of company management (Sarah Schwarz); (11) A system dynamics model of the German electricity market (Tobias Jaeger).

  9. Advanced large-capacity commercial technology for multi-pollutant control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, R.E. [Wulff Deutschland GmbH, Rosbach (Germany); Seitz, A. [Teplama Strakonice, a.s. (Czech Republic); Xia Fan Gao [Guangzhou Hengyun Enterprises Holiday, Ltd. (China)

    2003-09-01

    The presentation describes the application in commercial installations in Europe and China of circulating fluid bed (CFB) scrubbers of advanced GRAF/WULFF technology design, retrofitted to coal-fired steam boilers. Details are presented of design and operating experience with installations of CFB scrubbers that efficiently remove diverse pollutants down to and below the required and permitted levels. The paper describes successful solutions to substantial operating problems encountered at a CFB scrubbing plant. The described flue gas scrubbing plants of this simple system design clean the flue gases from boilers comprising units of a capacity of 100 to 300 MW using a single-train scrubbing system arrangement. Specifically, the simultaneous high rates of removal of multipollutants are, e.g., SO{sub 2}>98%, SO{sub 3}>99%, HF > 99%, HCl > 98%, mercury > 95%, and particulate matter > 99.99%. These pollutants are removed in a single scrubber module in combination, downstream, with baghouse or electrostatic precipitator means of dedusting. Information is given on rates and design of a single-module, 660 MW system as would be applied to a coal-fired power plant facility. (orig.)

  10. DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINUOUS SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES FOR COAL DERIVED CARBON PRODUCTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Elliot B. Kennel; R. Michael Bergen; Stephen P. Carpenter; Dady Dadyburjor; Manoj Katakdaunde; Liviu Magean; Alfred H. Stiller; W. Morgan Summers; John W. Zondlo

    2006-05-12

    The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop continuous processes for solvent extraction of coal for the production of carbon products. The largest applications are those which support metals smelting, such as anodes for aluminum smelting and electrodes for arc furnaces. Other carbon products include materials used in creating fuels for the Direct Carbon Fuel Cell, metals smelting, especially in the aluminum and steel industries, as well as porous carbon structural material referred to as ''carbon foam'' and carbon fibers. During this reporting period, coking and composite fabrication continued using coal-derived samples. These samples were tested in direct carbon fuel cells. Methodology was refined for determining the aromatic character of hydro treated liquid, based on Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR). Tests at GrafTech International showed that binder pitches produced using the WVU solvent extraction protocol can result in acceptable graphite electrodes for use in arc furnaces. These tests were made at the pilot scale.

  11. [Psychoanalysis in the advanced vocational training of social workers, Berlin 1930-1933 (Verein Jugendheim)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröter, Michael

    2005-01-01

    The Verein Jugendheim in Berlin-Charlottenburg was a holding organisation of welfare institutions and of training facilities for members of the caring professions. In 1928 it founded a Soziales Institute that offered various courses for advanced vocational training. In those courses depth psychology - mainly represented by the Adlerians, least by the Jungians and increasingly by the Freudians - had a prominent place. The role of the Freudian school was supported by the fact that two staff members of the Jugendheim (Hildegard Buder-Schenck, Ursula Graf [Laessig]) started their analytic training at that time. The main teachers of psychoanalysis at the Institute were Siegfried Bernfeld, Edith Jacobson and Steffi Bornstein; notes take by a student at one of Jacobson's seminars are documented in this paper. In general, in the psychoanalytic courses there seems to have been a shift from academic teaching of theory to case oriented supervision. The presence of psychoanalysis in the training program of the Jugendheim indicates the beginning of an institutional rapprochement between pedagogy or social work and psychoanalysis in Berlin, analogous to earlier developments in Vienna. The rise of the Nazis put a stop to this promising, yet hitherto completely unknown, chapter of history.

  12. The early diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip using ultrasonography. The importance of following up cases with physiological immaturity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Esparza, J.; Gonzalez, A.; Garcia, S.; Elso, J.; Cordero, J. L.

    1999-01-01

    To determine the efficiency of an early diagnosis programme using ultrasounds (US) of development dysplasia of the hip (DDH), using different criteria to detect patients according to the sex: universal to girls, but only including boys with a DDH risk factor (a physical pathological examination of new born babies, babies born feet first, family history and orthopaedic deformities). Of the 3,469 children born at our hospital during one specific year, 1,721 were included in the programme. US was carried out on all of them, following the Graf technique, when they were a month old, with the exception of the new born babies who were studied during their first week by means of a physical pathological examination. The babies who were diagnosed with physically immature hips in this first study using US; were followed up. Thirty-two babies born during the year suffered from DDH (a rate of 9.2 per thousand). Among them there was only 1 case of delayed DDH (that was not detected in the programme). Seven babies were diagnosed with DDH thanks to the follow up procedures carried out on babies with physically immature hips. Putting this programme for early diagnosis into practices has achieved the almost total disappearance of delayed DDH. When comparing the results with previous periods, where different early detection systems were used, the duration and the aggressiveness of the treatment has reduced considerably. Follow up procedures using US of physically immature hips is obligatory. (Author) 14 refs

  13. Attention changes perceived size of moving visual patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anton-Erxleben, Katharina; Henrich, Christian; Treue, Stefan

    2007-08-23

    Spatial attention shifts receptive fields in monkey extrastriate visual cortex toward the focus of attention (S. Ben Hamed, J. R. Duhamel, F. Bremmer, & W. Graf, 2002; C. E. Connor, J. L. Gallant, D. C. Preddie, & D. C. Van Essen, 1996; C. E. Connor, D. C. Preddie, J. L. Gallant, & D. C. Van Essen, 1997; T. Womelsdorf, K. Anton-Erxleben, F. Pieper, & S. Treue, 2006). This distortion in the retinotopic distribution of receptive fields might cause distortions in spatial perception such as an increase of the perceived size of attended stimuli. Here we test for such an effect in human subjects by measuring the point of subjective equality (PSE) for the perceived size of a neutral and an attended stimulus when drawing automatic attention to one of two spatial locations. We found a significant increase in perceived size of attended stimuli. Depending on the absolute stimulus size, this effect ranged from 4% to 12% and was more pronounced for smaller than for larger stimuli. In our experimental design, an attentional effect on task difficulty or a cue bias might influence the PSE measure. We performed control experiments and indeed found such effects, but they could only account for part of the observed results. Our findings demonstrate that the allocation of transient spatial attention onto a visual stimulus increases its perceived size and additionally biases subjects to select this stimulus for a perceptual judgment.

  14. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta eesti proosast. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Mihkel Raud "Musta pori näkku", Olev Remsu "Musketäride muundumised", Rein Põder "Juba olnud", Juhan Nurme "Ligimene", Jaan Tangsoo "Méduse'i parv", Esta Aksli "Tare poole tõttaja", Mari Saat "Lasnamäe lunastaja", Peeter Morgen "Sõnum", Mait Raun "Dr. Mööbi seiklused Inglismaal", Andrei Hvostov "Võõrad lood" ja "Projektijuht Posse", Chaneldior "Kontrolli alt väljas", Vahur Afanasjev "Kosmos", Egon Ilisson "Isased", Jaak Leer "Kaks kabanossi ja Maaja", Kärt Hellerma "Sinine missa", Elo Viiding "Püha Maama", Toomas Raudam "Miks ma ei taha olla kirjanik?", Mart Kivastik "Kurb raamat", Jüri Tuulik "Räim, pisike kena kala", Tarmo Teder "12 jõulujuttu", Dagmar Lamp (koostaja) "Tule, ma jutustan sulle loo", Eia Uus "Kahe näoga jumal", Barthol Lo Mejor "Popdada 2007-2008", Anti Saar "Nemad kaks", Ketlin Priilinn "Liiseli võti" ja "Vaim", Aita Kivi "Lähedal", Marje Ernits "Hoia mu kätt", Kati Murutar "Naisena sündinud : kakskümmend aastat hiljem", Tuule Lind "Pööratud tuul", Siiri Laidla "Lihtne lugu, ehk, Senta suvepuhkus", Kätlin Padesaar "Veel üks paradiis", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Lehte Hainslau "Kolmkõla, ehk, 3 kõla", Ira Lember "Ööviiulid", Tamur Kusnets "Hundipäikese aeg : metsiku jahi algus", Kaupo Pähkel "Ehatähe rüütel", Arvo Valton "Ülemiste vanake", Tiit Aleksejev "Palveränd", Ants Eret "Afgaanide vang", Mario Merirand "Afganistani päevik", Leo Kunnas "Gort Ashryn", Rein Raud "Vend", Peeter Sauter "Beibi bluu", Marion Andra "Pimend", Kristjan Sander "13 talvist hetke", Helga Nõu "Peaaegu geenius, ehk, Schrödingeri kassi otsimas", Tiit Sepa "Eefa hüüdnimega Siug", Kaarel ja Klaara Kivi "Varandus seinal", Merike Jürjo "Mälestusteta maja", Rein Vahisalu "Viies kabinet", Aarne Biin "Mees otsib naist", Erik Tohvri "Ümberasujad" ja "Sulasest sai peremees", Arnold Laugus "Elav maa", Jüri v. Grauberg "Selguse poole", J

  15. Lasteaia ja lõbumaja vahel : Eesti proosa 2008 / Vaapo Vaher

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaher, Vaapo, 1945-

    2012-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aasta eesti proosast. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Mihkel Raud "Musta pori näkku", Olev Remsu "Musketäride muundumised", Rein Põder "Juba olnud", Juhan Nurme "Ligimene", Jaan Tangsoo "Méduse'i parv", Esta Aksli "Tare poole tõttaja", Mari Saat "Lasnamäe lunastaja", Peeter Morgen "Sõnum", Mait Raun "Dr. Mööbi seiklused Inglismaal", Andrei Hvostov "Võõrad lood" ja "Projektijuht Posse", Chaneldior "Kontrolli alt väljas", Vahur Afanasjev "Kosmos", Egon Ilisson "Isased", Jaak Leer "Kaks kabanossi ja Maaja", Kärt Hellerma "Sinine missa", Elo Viiding "Püha Maama", Toomas Raudam "Miks ma ei taha olla kirjanik?", Mart Kivastik "Kurb raamat", Jüri Tuulik "Räim, pisike kena kala", Tarmo Teder "12 jõulujuttu", Dagmar Lamp (koostaja) "Tule, ma jutustan sulle loo", Eia Uus "Kahe näoga jumal", Barthol Lo Mejor "Popdada 2007-2008", Anti Saar "Nemad kaks", Ketlin Priilinn "Liiseli võti" ja "Vaim", Aita Kivi "Lähedal", Marje Ernits "Hoia mu kätt", Kati Murutar "Naisena sündinud : kakskümmend aastat hiljem", Tuule Lind "Pööratud tuul", Siiri Laidla "Lihtne lugu, ehk, Senta suvepuhkus", Kätlin Padesaar "Veel üks paradiis", Aimée Beekman "Proovielu", Lehte Hainslau "Kolmkõla, ehk, 3 kõla", Ira Lember "Ööviiulid", Tamur Kusnets "Hundipäikese aeg : metsiku jahi algus", Kaupo Pähkel "Ehatähe rüütel", Arvo Valton "Ülemiste vanake", Tiit Aleksejev "Palveränd", Ants Eret "Afgaanide vang", Mario Merirand "Afganistani päevik", Leo Kunnas "Gort Ashryn", Rein Raud "Vend", Peeter Sauter "Beibi bluu", Marion Andra "Pimend", Kristjan Sander "13 talvist hetke", Helga Nõu "Peaaegu geenius, ehk, Schrödingeri kassi otsimas", Tiit Sepa "Eefa hüüdnimega Siug", Kaarel ja Klaara Kivi "Varandus seinal", Merike Jürjo "Mälestusteta maja", Rein Vahisalu "Viies kabinet", Aarne Biin "Mees otsib naist", Erik Tohvri "Ümberasujad" ja "Sulasest sai peremees", Arnold Laugus "Elav maa", Jüri v. Grauberg "Selguse poole", J

  16. Correlacion entre metodos de analisis de Zn disponible en cuatro ordenes de suelos de Costa Rica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloy Molina

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Se realizo una comparación entre métodos analisis del Zn disponible en 4 ordenes de sue- Analytilos de Costa Rica (Ultisoles, Vertisoles, Andisoles Inceptisoles, 25 de c/u, utilizando las siguientes soluciones extractoras: Olsen Modificado, Meh- lich 3, Morgan Modificado, DTPA y HC1. Las cantidades de Zn extrafdas dependieron de la natu- raleza qufmica de la solucion extractora. El HCl presento los contenidos mas altos de Zn en los chasuelos, excepto en Vertisoles. Las soluciones que hicontienen el agente quelante EDTA (Olsen Modi- ficado y Mehlich`3, extrajeron niveles interme- Modidios de Zn, en tanto que los metodos que contie- Den el quelato DTPA (Morgan Modificado y DT - PA, obtuvieron los valores mas bajos. Las corre- laciones de Zn extrafble entre los 5 metodos fue- signifirOD significativas en la mayona de los casos, tanto nivel de orden de suelos como en el conjunto de indivilos 100 suelos analizados. Los coeficientes de co- rrelacion mas altos, se presentaron entre Mehlich Morgan Modificado y DTPA. Las correlaciones Modifueron consistentes en los 4 ordenes, 10 que indica que estas soluciones poseen un amplio margen de adaptacion a diferentes tipos de suelo, siendo una caractenstica ventajosa para la selección de un metodo de analisis. El Olsen Modificado fue mas slighteficiente para la extraccion de Zn en suelos de pH ligeramente acido 0 neutro (Vertisoles e Inceptiso- les, que en suelos acidos (Ultisoles y Andisoles. EI HCI extrajo cantidades muy aItas de Zn que Moraparentementestan relacionadas con formas no disponibles para lag plantas. Se concluye que lag soluciones Mehlich 3, Morgan Modificado y DT - PA son semejantes en la forma de extraer Zn dispo- Dible, y podrian seT una altemativa para sustituir el metoda tradicional de Olsen Modificado utilizado en Costa Rica. Sin embargo,la eficiencia de ellas no puede seT establecida sino a traves de log estudios de correlacion contra rendimiento en invernadero y campo.

  17. The human role in changing river channels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, K. J.

    2006-09-01

    Direct consequences of the human role, where human activity affects river channels through engineering works including channelization, dam construction, diversion and culverting, have been long recognised [Marsh, G.P., 1864. Man and Nature or Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action. Charles Scribner, New York; Thomas Jr., W.L., (ed.) 1956. Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.]. The less obvious indirect effects of point and reach changes occurring downstream and throughout the basin, however, are much more recently appreciated, dating from key contributions by Strahler [Strahler, A.N., 1956. The nature of induced erosion and aggradation. In W. L. Thomas (Ed.), Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 621-638.], Wolman [Wolman, M.G., 1967. A cycle of sedimentation and erosion in urban river channels. Geografiska Annaler 49A, 385-95.], Schumm [Schumm, S.A., 1969. River metamorphosis. Proceedings American Society of Civil Engineers, Journal Hydraulics Division 95, 255-73.], and Graf [Graf, W.L., 1977. The rate law in fluvial geomorphology. American Journal of Science, 277, 178-191.]. These are complemented by effects of alterations of land use, such as deforestation, intensive agriculture and incidence of fire, with the most extreme effects produced by building activity and urbanisation. Changing river channels are most evident in the channel cross-section where changes of size, shape and composition are now well-established, with up to tenfold increases or decreases illustrated by results from more than 200 world studies. In addition the overall channel planform, the network and the ecology have changed. Specific terms have become associated with changing river channels including enlargement, shrinkage and metamorphosis. Although the scope of adjustment has been established, it has not always been possible to predict what will happen in a particular location

  18. Fuel-handling machine tests at the Institute for Nuclear Research - Pitesti. Computer and software research and engineering

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doca, Cezar; Predescu, Darie; Maiorescu, Oliviu; Dobrescu, Sorin

    2003-01-01

    This poster introduces the fuel-handling machine SCC-MID. This work is part of a very ambitious project that was accomplished with remarkable investment efforts. Material and human resources was spent to build a test stand for fuel handling machines (CANDU system), closely linked to NPP Cernavoda. A challenging goal was also to develop a computer system (hw/sw) designed and engineered to control the test and calibration process of this fuel-handling machine. The design takes care both of the functionality required to correctly control the F/H machine and of the additional functionality required to assist the testing process. How to test the system itself to validate the implemented solutions, how to safely and consistently maintain the data involved, how to manage such a system, how to gradually integrate the system in the whole stand saving time and work already done and solutions already validated were questions we had to find out right solutions. We choose modular solutions both for hardware and software, based on late technologies which in addition permit to achieve the versatility we needed, namely: VME based hw systems running OS9/68k (Unix like real-time multi-user multitasking OS), ISaGRAF (process control application oriented development and run-time software), Hawk (cross-compiler and IDE software for C/C++ software development intended to run on other Motorola based hw), Suretrack (project management software). The system topology implements open system network concepts that permit communication between different sw/hw platforms (OS9/Motorola and ix86/ms-windows based systems) We spent major resources to model the technological processes and test tools like: - real time simulation of the machine behavior while responding to the human commands or to the state changes of other machine parts as a result of other commands or as mechanical interlinks or technological interlocks and presentation of results revealing time related movements; - database

  19. Linking soil permeability and soil aggregate stability with root development: a pots experiment (preliminary results)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergani, Chiara; Graf, Frank; Gerber, Werner

    2015-04-01

    Quantifying and monitoring the contribution of vegetation to the stability of the slopes is a key issue for implementing effective soil bioengineering measures. This topic is being widely investigated both from the hydrological and mechanical point of view. Nevertheless, due to the high variability of the biological components, we are still far from a comprehensive understanding of the role of plants in slope stabilization, especially if the different succession phases and the temporal development of vegetation is considered. Graf et al., 2014, found within the scope of aggregate stability investigations that the root length per soil volume of alder specimen grown for 20 weeks under laboratory conditions is comparable to the one of 20 years old vegetation in the field. This means that already relatively short time scales can provide meaningful information at least for the first stage of colonization of soil bioengineering measures, which is also the most critical. In the present study we analyzed the effect of root growth on two soil properties critical to evaluate the performance of vegetation in restoring and re-stabilizing slopes: permeability and soil aggregate stability. We set up a laboratory experiment in order to work under controlled conditions and limit as much as possible the natural variability. Alnus incana was selected as the study species as it is widely used in restoration projects in the Alps, also because of its capacity to fix nitrogen and its symbiosis with both ecto and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. After the first month of growth in germination pots, we planted one specimen each in big quasi cylindrical pots of 34 cm diameter and 35 cm height. The pots were filled with the soil fraction smaller than 10 mm coming from an oven dried moraine collected in a subalpine landslide area (Hexenrübi catchment, central Switzerland). The targeted dry unit weight was 16 kN/m3. The plants have been maintained at a daily temperature of 25°C and relative

  20. Effects of drought and irrigation on ecosystem functioning in a mature Scots pine forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobbertin, Matthias; Brunner, Ivano; Egli, Simon; Eilmann, Britta; Graf Pannatier, Eisabeth; Schleppi, Patrick; Zingg, Andreas; Rigling, Andreas

    2010-05-01

    . Soil water content was significantly reduced during irrigation periods. Irrigation doubled tree stem growth, increased shoot growth and thus increased volume growth and crown dimensions. Annual tree mortality rates were reduced by 50% in irrigated plots. The growing period for stem growth was extended in pines as a result of irrigation. Altogether, increased growth and reduced mortality significantly increased tree stem basal area at breast height per ha. As irrigation also increased needle length, estimated mean foliage amount per tree and stand leaf area index significantly increased. However, the number of needle generations was not altered or even reduced due to irrigation. Root growth, was less affected by irrigation and only resulted in increased fine root length. Species richness and fruit body numbers of mycorrhizal fungi were several times higher on the irrigated plots. Overall, it can be concluded that water availability was the main ecosystem limiting factor and that any changes in water availability will result in changes in ecosystem functioning. References Brunner I, Graf-Pannatier E, Frey B, Rigling A, Landolt W, Dobbertin M (2009) Morphological and physiological responses of Scots pine fine roots to water supply in a climatic dry area in Switzerland. Tree Physiology 29:541-550. Dobbertin M, Eilmann B, Bleuler P, Giuggiola A, Graf Pannatier E, Landolt W, Schleppi P, Rigling A (2010) Effect of irrigation on needle, shoot and stem growth in natural drought-exposed Pinus sylvestris forests, Tree Physiology, doi:10.1093/treephys/tpp123. Eilmann B, Zweifel R, Buchmann N, Fonti P, Rigling A (2009) Drought induced adaptation of the xylem in Pinus sylvestris and Quercus pubescens. Tree Physiology 29:1011-1020.

  1. Notes sobre la difusió del venturós pelegrí als segles XVIII-XIX : tres edicions barcelonines més una altra d'impresa a Lleida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahiques Climent, Joan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectiu: aquest article s'integra en una línia de recerca que es proposa estudiar i classificar totes les edicions de la Peregrinació del Venturós Pelegrí datades entre els segles xvii i xix. En el cas de les edicions setcentistes sorgides a Barcelona, es poden distingir dos grans grups segons els materials gràfics que transmeten. En un primer grup caldria incloure els exemplars que presenten totalment o parcialment alguns gravats utilitzats a Cervera pel tipògraf Manuel Ibarra. En un segon grup hi hauria els impresos barcelonins amb xilografies no documentades en cap altra ciutat al llarg de tot el segle xviii. En aquest article ens centrem més concretament en el segon grup. --Metodologia: reproduïm els gravats de cada una de les edicions, i ressenyem una impressió vuitcentista de Lleida en la qual, en part, s'utilitzen les mateixes matrius. -- Resultats: l'estudi demostra la gran pervivència del Venturós Pelegrí, que va ser estampat per diversos tipògrafs tot seguint unes pautes formals molt similars, d'acord amb una sèrie iconogràfica bastant tipificada, sobretot al llarg del segle xviii.Objetivo: este artículo se integra en una línea de investigación que se propone estudiar y clasificar todas las ediciones de la Peregrinació del Venturós Pelegrídatadas entre los siglos xvii y xix. En el caso de las ediciones dieciochescas surgidas en Barcelona, se pueden distinguir dos grandes grupos según los materiales gráficos que transmiten. En un primer grupo deberían incluirse los ejemplares que presentan total o parcialmente algunos grabados utilizados en Cervera por el tipógrafo Manuel Ibarra. En un segundo grupo estarían los impresos barceloneses con xilografías no documentadas en ninguna otra ciudad a lo largo de todo el siglo xviii. En este artículo nos centramos más concretamente en el segundo grupo. -- Metodología: reproducimos los grabados de cada una de las ediciones, y reseñamos una impresión decimon

  2. Analytical research of vibration and far-field acoustic radiation of cylindrical shell immersed at finite depth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUO Wenjie

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at the current lack of analytical research concerning the cylindrical shell-flow field coupling vibration and sound radiation system under the influence of a free surface, this paper proposes an analytical method which solves the vibration response and far-field acoustic radiation of a finite cylindrical shell immersed at a finite depth. Based on the image method and Graf addition theorem, the analytical expression of the fluid velocity potential can be obtained, then combined with the energy functional of the variation method to deduce the shell-liquid coupling vibration equation, which can in turn solve the forced vibration response. The research shows that, compared with an infinite fluid, a free surface can increase at the same order of resonance frequency; but as the depth of immersion gradually increases, the mean square vibration velocity tends to become the same as that in an infinite fluid. Compared with numerical results from Nastran software, this shows that the present method is accurate and reliable, and has such advantages as a simple method and a small amount of calculation. The far-field radiated pressure can be obtained by the vibration response using the Fourier transformation and stationary phase method. The results indicate that the directivity and volatility of the far-field acoustic pressure of a cylindrical shell is similar to that of an acoustical dipole due to the free surface. However, the far-field acoustic pressure is very different from the vibration characteristics, and will not tend to an infinite fluid as the submerging depth increases. Compared with the numerical method, the method in this paper is simpler and has a higher computational efficiency. It enables the far-field acoustic radiation of an underwater cylindrical shell to be predicted quickly under the influence of external incentives and the free surface, providing guiding significance for acoustic research into the half space structure vibration

  3. Fabricación de piezas de fundición con grafito esferoidal en molde metálico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Urrestarazu, A.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The features and suitability of high requirements ductile iron castings production using metallic moulds have been studied in the present work. The structural and mechanical properties of the produced castings have been analysed and compared to the corresponding ones but fabricated using green sand moulds according to a conventional production process. The higher cooling rate in the metallic moulds is the main cause for the appearance of the detected structural changes in castings. The mechanical and microstructural properties obtained directly on castings are remarkable due to the higher nodule count among other factors. Finally, the benefits and inconveniences found in this kind of production methodology using metallic moulds are also discussed.En este trabajo se estudia el empleo de moldes metálicos o permanentes para la fabricación de piezas de fundición esferoidal con elevados requerimientos funcionales y se analizan sus propiedades, comparándolas con piezas obtenidas utilizando moldes de arena de sílice, de acuerdo con las metodologías más habituales para este tipo de procesos. La elevada velocidad de solidificación y el posterior enfriamiento rápido de la austenita formada en estado sólido se erigen como los principales factores diferenciadores que originan las modificaciones estructurales detectadas en las piezas. Las propiedades físicas, mecánicas y microestructurales obtenidas directamente sobre pieza son destacables debido, entre otros aspectos, al gran número de esferoides grafíticos obtenidos en las piezas. Se discuten también las ventajas e inconvenientes encontrados en esta metodología de producción que emplea moldes fabricados con una aleación metálica específica.

  4. Increased component safety through improved methods for residual stress analysis. Subprojects. Consideration of real component geometries (phase 2). Final report; Erhoehung der Komponentensicherheit durch verbesserte Verfahren zur Eigenspannungsanalyse. Teilvorhaben. Beruecksichtigung realer Komponentengeometrien (Phase 2). Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholtes, B.; Nau, Andreas

    2015-06-01

    Residual stresses can be result in both detrimental as well as beneficial consequences on the component's strength and lifetime. A most detailed knowledge of the residual stress state is a pre-requisite for the assessment of the component's performance. The mechanical methods for residual stress measurements are classified in non-destructive, destructive and semi-destructive methods. The two commonly used (semi-destructive) mechanical methods are the hole drilling and the ring core method. In the context of reactor safety research of the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), two fundamental and interacting weak points of the hole drilling as well as ofthe ring core method are investigated. On the one hand, there are effects concerning geometricalboundary conditions of the components and on the other hand, there are influences of plasticity due to notch effects. Both aspects affect the released strain field, when the material is removed and finally, the calculated residual stresses. The first issue mentioned above is under the responsibility of Institute of Materials Engineering - Metallic Materials (KasselUniversity) and the last one will be investigated by University of Stuttgart-Otto-Graf-Institut - materials testing institute. As a consequence of a successful project, the present knowledgebase will be considerably improved and will be available for various engineering fields. Especially,the quantitative consideration of real residual stress states for optimized component designs will be feasible and finally the consequences of residual stresses on the component's safety, which are used in nuclear facilities, can be evaluated. The findings of the application-oriented research period (phase 2) at Kassel University are documented in this report.

  5. Does the gestation age of newborn babies influence the ultrasonic assessment of hip condition?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simić Slavica

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Ultrasound represents a method of examination of hips of newborn babies capable of defining hip condition and distinguishing stable and unstable hips based on morphological elements. It is accepted in a large number of countries as a method of examination of high risk newborns, or as a method of systematic screening. Objective. The objective of this study was to investigate correlation between ultrasonically estimated hip maturity and respective gestation maturity both in premature and term-born babies, and to investigate the influence of different delivery types on hips condition. Methods. In our study 2045 patients, 1141 males and 904 females, were examined in at the Institute of Neonatology over a period of 5 years. The average age was 34.04 gestation weeks. There were significantly more premature (1698 or 83.03% than term-born babies (347 or 16.97%. Ultrasound hip examination, as a screening method, was carried out according to Graf. It was followed by clinical examination. Results were analyzed by appropriate statistical methods (χ2-test, one-way ANOVA, multifactor ANOVA. Results. The overall frequency of unstable hips was 3.2%, 1.88% in males and 4.87% in females (p<0.05. 96.8% babies had stable hips, out of which 35.21% were mature and 61.59% immature. In the study of the breech presentation, out of 183 babies, unstable hips were found in 1.58% of male cases, and in 10.23% of female cases. Conclusion. Clinical screening of developmental dysplasia of the hip is insufficient for early diagnosis and decision about the treatment of premature babies. The high frequency of unstable hip type IIc (risky and IId (decentralized in premature babies requires early diagnosis and therapy. Wide swaddling for prematures should be applied up to eight months of age. Gentle manipulation is necessary while nursing and conducting physiotherapy of a premature baby.

  6. Convection Heat Transfer Modeling of Ag Nanofluid Using Different Viscosity Theories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Bakhsh Kasaeian

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: In this paper, the effects of adding nanoparticles (including Ag to a fluid media for improving free convection heat transfer were analysed. The free convective heat transfer was assumed to be in laminar flow regime, and the corresponding calculations and solutions were all done by the integral method. Water, as a Newtonian fluid, was considered as the base and all relevant thermo physical properties of the nanofluids were considered to be unvarying. The calculations performed and the graphs generated showed that, in general, the addition of nanoparticles to the fluid media resulted in an increment or improvement of its heat transfer coefficient. With increase in the concentration of the nanoparticles, the heat transfer rate of the fluid also increased. The increment in heat transfer is also dependent on the nanoparticles’ thermal conductivity and the viscosity theory which was utilized in the calculations. In this study, four different theories were used to calculate the viscosities of the nanofluids. The effects of viscosity on the nanofluids’ thermal conductivity were apparent from the calculations which were performed for nanoparticle concentrations of 4% or less. ABSTRAK: Kajian ini menganalisis kesan penambahan nanopartikel Ag ke dalam media bendalir bagi tujuan pembaikkan pemindahan haba perolakan bebas. Perolakan bebas diandaikan berada di zon aliran laminar, di mana penyelesaian dan pengiraan telah dilakukan mengunakan kaedah kamilan. Air yang merupakan cecair Newtonian, dianggap sebagai asas dan sifat terma fizikal nanocecair dianggapkan tidak berubah. Mengikut pengiraan yang dilakukan dan graf yang diplotkan, umumnya penambahan nanopartikel kepada media bendalir menyebabkan peningkatan dan pengembangan pekali pemindahan haba. Kadar pemindahan haba meningkat dengan nanopartikel. Peningkatan pemindahan haba juga bergantung kepada pengalir haba nanopartikel dan teori kelikatan yang digunakan. Di dalam kajian ini, empat

  7. Development of Non-safety System Architecture and Evaluation of Components/Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oh, I. S.; Lee, C. K.; Kim, D. H.; Lee, J. W.; Lee, D. Y.; Park, W. M.; Hwang, I. K.; Hur, S.; Kim, J. T.; Park, J. C.; Lee, J. W.

    2007-10-01

    We describe in this report the works performed for a technical evaluation of the non-safety digital control system of the KNICS, the non-safety process control system of the KNICS, a communication load analysis for the MMIS (including both the non-safety and the safety systems) of the KNICS, the development of MMI and an implementation of the logic for the CVCS, and the works performed to support writing a proposal needed for bidding an I and C system based on the KNICS. The technical evaluation results were aimed to be used by the designers to detect parts needed to be corrected or to be newly inserted, and also by the developers during the development phase. The requirement specifications and the data requirement characteristics have been identified for each subsystem of the determined KNICS structure. For each communication node, the specifications related to the data transfer including the data capacity for interfaces, delay time for the data transfer, and the marginal availability of its performance capabilities have been analyzed to identify the amount of data transfer and hence to verify that both of the designed structures for the safety related communications network and for the digital communications network are appropriate. The results of the supporting work performed for writing the technical specifications related to each subsystem of the KNICS structure, are expected to be useful in writing a proposal for the expected Uljin new units 1 and 2, and in the I and C upgrade for any of the existing nuclear power plants under operation. Also included in this report are the descriptions on a design of the chemical volume control system (CVCS), on the supporting work performed to draw the logic diagrams for CVCS using the tool ISaGRAF, and on the generation of a set of system displays to be used as references

  8. Kemik Berelenmesi Medikolegal Süreçte Kırık Olarak Değerlendirilmeli mi Olgu Sunumu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burçin Gürbeden

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Kemik berelenmesi, travma sonrası kemiğin subkondral alanında oluşan düzensizlik, ödem ve kanama ile karakterize mikrotrabeküler kırıklardır. Olay medulla ile sınırlı olduğundan direk grafıler ile tespit edilemez. Tanıda Manyetik Rezonans Görüntüleme (MRG önemlidir. Olgumuz 23 yaşındaki erkek, geçirdiği araç içi trafik kazasında sağ dizini ön konsole çarpmış, bir üniversite hastanesinde izlem sonrası taburcu edilmiş, ağrı şikayetinin geçmemesi üzerine 1 ay sonra çekilen MRG’de femur 1/3 distalde diffüz yamalı tarzda intratrabeküler düzensizlik ve intramedüller kemik iliği ödem sahaları, tibia lateral subkondral yüzde de fokal intramedüller kemik iliği ödemi saptanmıştır. Bu çalışmada, MRG incelemesi ile sağ femur distalinde kemik berelenmesi tanısı konan, “TCK’da Tanımlanan Yaralanma Suçlarının Adli Tıp Açısından Değerlendirmesi” kılavuzunda yer almayan bu kavrama dikkat çekmek ve kılavuza yeni bir değerlendirme kriteri önermek amaçlanmıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kemik kırığı, Kemik berelenmesi, Medikolegal değerlendirme.

  9. Ultrasound screening and follow-up of congenital hip dislocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ballerini, G.; Avanzini, A.; Colombo, T.; Micucci, E.

    1990-01-01

    US screening for hip dysplasia was performed on 1421 full-term newborns. The study was aimed at: 1) evaluating US feasibility in an unselected maternity ward population; 2) determining the frequency of the different types of hips, and correlating ours with literature data; 3) evaluating the efficacy of both an early prevention and treatment. All US examination were performed within the first week of life and the 2842 hips classified according to Graf. At birth, normal hips (Ia, Ib) were 2064 (72.6%) (group I); Physiologically immature hips (IIa) were 721 (25.4%) (group II); pathological hips (group III) were: 43 (1.5%) IIc, 8 (o.3%) IId, 6 (0.2%) III. Hips in group B were cheked at 3 months: 502 were normal, 51 were type IIb, and 1 was type IId: the latter 52 hips were treated and normalized in the following months. Hips in group C (types IIc, IId, and III=57 hips) were treated and cheked every seventh week until normalization. Our experience confirm US value in the evaluation of hip dysplasia in the newborn. In our opinion, the use of this method shoul be encouraged, although US screening of all newborns remains controversial on a cost-benefit ratio. Multicentric studies will better define US sensitivity, specificity and reliability. The correlation of ours results with literature data was difficult, because study populations are not always homogeneous. As for therapy, we found the plastic splint very effective and easy to use: In 2 cases, Milgram devices were used for a few months

  10. Development of an Advanced Simulator to Model Mobility Control and Geomechanics during CO{sub 2} Floods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delshad, Mojdeh; Wheeler, Mary; Sepehrnoori, Kamy; Pope, Gary

    2013-12-31

    The simulator is an isothermal, three-dimensional, four-phase, compositional, equation-of– state (EOS) simulator. We have named the simulator UTDOE-CO2 capable of simulating various recovery processes (i.e., primary, secondary waterflooding, and miscible and immiscible gas flooding). We include both the Peng-Robinson EOS and the Redlich-Kwong EOS models. A Gibbs stability test is also included in the model to perform a phase identification test to consistently label each phase for subsequent property calculations such as relative permeability, viscosity, density, interfacial tension, and capillary pressure. Our time step strategy is based on an IMPEC-type method (implicit pressure and explicit concentration). The gridblock pressure is solved first using the explicit dating of saturation-dependent terms. Subsequently, the material balance equations are solved explicitly for the total concentration of each component. The physical dispersion term is also included in the governing equations. The simulator includes (1) several foam model(s) for gas mobility control, (2) compositional relative permeability models with the hysteresis option, (3) corner point grid and several efficient solvers, (4) geomechanics module to compute stress field as the result of CO{sub 2} injection/production, (5) the format of commercial visualization software, S3graf from Science-soft Ltd., was implemented for user friendly visualization of the simulation results. All tasks are completed and the simulator was fully tested and delivered to the DOE office including a user’s guide and several input files and the executable for Windows Pcs. We have published several SPE papers, presented several posters, and one MS thesis is completed (V. Pudugramam, 2013) resulting from this DOE funded project.

  11. [About Cryptophthalmos (2nd Czech Study)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krásný, J; Čakrtová, M; Kletenský, J; Novák, V; Šach, J

    To get acquainted with the 2nd Czech study about cryptophthamos and with self-surgical methods. The boy with unilateral complete cryptophthalmos of left eye was treated from 2 to 20 years. The girls was treated from 4 month to 5 year yet for right abortive cryptophthalmos with microblepharon and left complete type still waiting for solutions.Surgical methods and results: Authors present a surgical procedures for correction of the upper and lower eyelids and ocular anomalies both patients studied. Successful reconstruction of palpebral fissure took place in several stages at the boy. The surgical procedure gradually contained: the insertion of gradually increased convex concave circular-shaped implant (silicone ruber) due a modeling of palpebral fissure, an enucleation of rudimentary eye, a reconstruction of bottom palpebral fissure by retro-auricular skin graf and a releasing of the lower transitory fold by the cul-de-sac method. An adequate depth of palpebral fissure to allow perfect position of an aesthetic protesis. Enucleated eye was atypically shaped, remiding partly sand-glass clock. The cornea was replaced by thick fibrous membrane, the iris and the lens were not revealed. Gliomatic retina was detached nearly totaly and the optic nerv was rudimental. The repairing the upper lid coloboma of girl by a lid rotation flap reconstruction using the inferior eyelid was performed at the age 17 month. Corneal dermoid simultaneously removed (histologically verified). Upper conjunctival fornix was formed using the spherical covering foil (silicone rubber) before and after the reconstruction of the lid. Plastic reconstructions required the need for patient access without trying immediate effect. An important role played silicone rubber implants (elastomer medical grade) which used temporarily. cryptophthalmos, microblepharon, relief surgery, silicon ruber implants.

  12. Jaume Ferrer de Blanes i Les sentències catòliques del diví poeta Dant. Una mostra de la presència de Dant al renaixement català

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Llorenç i Blat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Procurador reial i nobiliari, cosmògraf, joier, lapidari, mercader i escriptor, i al capdavall, un ciutadà català honrat, Ferrer (Vidreres, ~1445 – Blanes, 1529 va marxar de ben jove a la cort de Nàpols, al servei del rei Ferran i. Acabada aquesta peripècia italiana va tornar a Blanes al servei del vescomte de Cabrera i de Bas fins que va morir a la mateixa vila al 1529. Un seu criat, disset anys més tard, va editar uns papers esparsos que havia trobat a can Ferrer, les Sentèncias cathòlicas del diví poeta Dant florentí, compilades per lo prudentíssim mossèn Jaume Ferrer de Blanes, que constiueixen un exemple de la presència de Dant al renaixement català. Lord Ferrer (Vidreres,~1445 – Blanes,1529, royal and aristocratic attorney, cosmographer, jewelrer, lapidary, merchant and writer, after all, an honorable Catalan citizen, left early age, at the court of Naples at King Ferdinand’s i service. After this eventful Italian journey he went back to Blanes at the Viscount of Cabrera and Bas’ service, until he died in the same town in 1529. One of his servants, seventeen years later, published some of the documents which were found scattered in Ferrer’s House, Catholic sentences from the divine poet Dante Florentine, compiled by most respectable lord Jaume Ferrer de Blanes, an exemple of the presence of Dante in Catalan Renaissance.

  13. Grain-size evolution in suspended sediment and deposits from the 2004 and 2008 controlled-flood experiments in Marble and Grand Canyons, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draut, Amy E.; Topping, David J.; Rubin, David M.; Wright, Scott A.; Schmidt, John C.

    2010-01-01

    Since the closure of Glen Canyon Dam in 1963, the hydrology, sediment supply, and distribution and size of modern alluvial deposits in the Colorado River through Grand Canyon have changed substantially (e.g., Howard and Dolan, 1981; Johnson and Carothers, 1987; Webb et al., 1999; Rubin et al., 2002; Topping et al., 2000, 2003; Wright et al., 2005; Hazel et al., 2006). The dam has reduced the fluvial sediment supply at the upstream boundary of Grand Canyon National Park by about 95 percent. Regulation of river discharge by dam operations has important implications for the storage and redistribution of sediment in the Colorado River corridor. In the absence of natural floods, sediment is not deposited at elevations that regularly received sediment before dam closure. There has been a systemwide decrease in the size and number of subaerially exposed fluvial sand deposits since the 1960s, punctuated by episodic aggradation during the exceptional high-flow intervals in the early 1980s and by sediment input from occasional tributary floods (Beus and others, 1985; Schmidt and Graf, 1990; Kearsley et al., 1994; Schmidt et al., 2004; Wright et al., 2005; Hazel et al., 2006). Fluvial sandbars are an important component of riparian ecology that, among other functions, enclose eddy backwaters that form native-fish habitat, provide a source for eolian sand that protects some archaeological sites, and are used as campsites by thousands of river-runners annually (Rubin et al., 1990; Kearsley et al., 1994; Neal et al., 2000; Wright et al., 2005; Draut and Rubin, 2008).

  14. Development of Non-safety System Architecture and Evaluation of Components/Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oh, I. S.; Lee, C. K.; Kim, D. H.; Lee, J. W.; Lee, D. Y.; Park, W. M.; Hwang, I. K.; Hur, S.; Kim, J. T.; Park, J. C.; Lee, J. W

    2007-10-15

    We describe in this report the works performed for a technical evaluation of the non-safety digital control system of the KNICS, the non-safety process control system of the KNICS, a communication load analysis for the MMIS (including both the non-safety and the safety systems) of the KNICS, the development of MMI and an implementation of the logic for the CVCS, and the works performed to support writing a proposal needed for bidding an I and C system based on the KNICS. The technical evaluation results were aimed to be used by the designers to detect parts needed to be corrected or to be newly inserted, and also by the developers during the development phase. The requirement specifications and the data requirement characteristics have been identified for each subsystem of the determined KNICS structure. For each communication node, the specifications related to the data transfer including the data capacity for interfaces, delay time for the data transfer, and the marginal availability of its performance capabilities have been analyzed to identify the amount of data transfer and hence to verify that both of the designed structures for the safety related communications network and for the digital communications network are appropriate. The results of the supporting work performed for writing the technical specifications related to each subsystem of the KNICS structure, are expected to be useful in writing a proposal for the expected Uljin new units 1 and 2, and in the I and C upgrade for any of the existing nuclear power plants under operation. Also included in this report are the descriptions on a design of the chemical volume control system (CVCS), on the supporting work performed to draw the logic diagrams for CVCS using the tool ISaGRAF, and on the generation of a set of system displays to be used as references.

  15. Gambling-Related Cognition Scale (GRCS): Are skills-based games at a disadvantage?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lévesque, David; Sévigny, Serge; Giroux, Isabelle; Jacques, Christian

    2017-09-01

    The Gambling-Related Cognition Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004) was developed to evaluate gambling-related cognitive distortions for all types of gamblers, regardless of their gambling activities (poker, slot machine, etc.). It is therefore imperative to ascertain the validity of its interpretation across different types of gamblers; however, some skills-related items endorsed by players could be interpreted as a cognitive distortion despite the fact that they play skills-related games. Using an intergroup (168 poker players and 73 video lottery terminal [VLT] players) differential item functioning (DIF) analysis, this study examined the possible manifestation of item biases associated with the GRCS. DIF was analyzed with ordinal logistic regressions (OLRs) and Ramsay's (1991) nonparametric kernel smoothing approach with TestGraf. Results show that half of the items display at least moderate DIF between groups and, depending on the type of analysis used, 3 to 7 items displayed large DIF. The 5 items with the most DIF were more significantly endorsed by poker players (uniform DIF) and were all related to skills, knowledge, learning, or probabilities. Poker players' interpretations of some skills-related items may lead to an overestimation of their cognitive distortions due to their total score increased by measurement artifact. Findings indicate that the current structure of the GRCS contains potential biases to be considered when poker players are surveyed. The present study conveys new and important information on bias issues to ponder carefully before using and interpreting the GRCS and other similar wide-range instruments with poker players. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. Low–Cost Bio-Based Carbon Fiber for High-Temperature Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naskar, Amit K. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Akato, Kokouvi M. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Tran, Chau D. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Paul, Ryan M. [GrafTech International Holdings, Inc., Brooklyn Heights, OH (United States); Dai, Xuliang [GrafTech International Holdings, Inc., Brooklyn Heights, OH (United States)

    2017-02-01

    GrafTech International Holdings Inc. (GTI), worked with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under CRADA No. NFE-15-05807 to develop lignin-based carbon fiber (LBCF) technology and to demonstrate LBCF performance in high-temperature products and applications. This work was unique and different from other reported LBCF work in that this study was application-focused and scalability-focused. Accordingly, the executed work was based on meeting criteria based on technology development, cost, and application suitability. The focus of this work was to demonstrate lab-scale LBCF from at least 4 different precursor feedstock sources that could meet the estimated production cost of $5.00/pound and have ash level of less than 500 ppm in the carbonized insulation-grade fiber. Accordingly, a preliminary cost model was developed based on publicly available information. The team demonstrated that 4 lignin samples met the cost criteria, as highlighted in Table 1. In addition, the ash level for the 4 carbonized lignin samples were below 500 ppm. Processing asreceived lignin to produce a high purity lignin fiber was a significant accomplishment in that most industrial lignin, prior to purification, had greater than 4X the ash level needed for this project, and prior to this work there was not a clear path of how to achieve the purity target. The lab scale development of LBCF was performed with a specific functional application in mind, specifically for high temperature rigid insulation. GTI is currently a consumer of foreignsourced pitch and rayon based carbon fibers for use in its high temperature insulation products, and the motivation was that LBCF had potential to decrease costs and increase product competitiveness in the marketplace through lowered raw material costs, lowered energy costs, and decreased environmental footprint. At the end of this project, the Technology Readiness Level (TRL) remained at 5 for LBCF in high temperature insulation.

  17. Statistical Comparison of the Baseline Mechanical Properties of NBG-18 and PCEA Graphite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mark C. Carroll; David T. Rohrbaugh

    2013-08-01

    High-purity graphite is the core structural material of choice in the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR), a graphite-moderated, helium-cooled design that is capable of producing process heat for power generation and for industrial process that require temperatures higher than the outlet temperatures of present nuclear reactors. The Baseline Graphite Characterization Program is endeavoring to minimize the conservative estimates of as-manufactured mechanical and physical properties by providing comprehensive data that captures the level of variation in measured values. In addition to providing a comprehensive comparison between these values in different nuclear grades, the program is also carefully tracking individual specimen source, position, and orientation information in order to provide comparisons and variations between different lots, different billets, and different positions from within a single billet. This report is a preliminary comparison between the two grades of graphite that were initially favored in the two main VHTR designs. NBG-18, a medium-grain pitch coke graphite from SGL formed via vibration molding, was the favored structural material in the pebble-bed configuration, while PCEA, a smaller grain, petroleum coke, extruded graphite from GrafTech was favored for the prismatic configuration. An analysis of the comparison between these two grades will include not only the differences in fundamental and statistically-significant individual strength levels, but also the differences in variability in properties within each of the grades that will ultimately provide the basis for the prediction of in-service performance. The comparative performance of the different types of nuclear grade graphites will continue to evolve as thousands more specimens are fully characterized from the numerous grades of graphite being evaluated.

  18. Unterrichtsentwurf: Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Fridrich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nathalie Friedrichs proposes the following lesson plan for the senior classes of the German Gymnasium (grammar-school: „Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern“ (The Development of a National Sense of Identity in the Countries Occupied by Napeoleon.The central question, however, is whether this new German national consciousness at the dawn of the 19th century can be traced back to Napoleon’s reign in the Rhineland region or whether it emerged during the wars of liberation as a result of a firm rejection of Napoleon.The following materials will be given to the pupils beforhand: A short preparatory text with essential background information, a pithy quote , and two historical sources, namely the appeal of Ludwig Adolf Peter Graf von Sayn-Wittgenstein to support the war of liberation, and another more francophile source by the physician Adolf Kußmaul. The latter source points in the direction of a positive experience during the time of French occupation and therefore relativises the claim of a German patriotism as a direct result of the war against France. From a didactical viewpoint, the lesson aims to develop the prerequisites for a critical analysis of historical source texts and different points of view on the topic. Finally, a table listing the respective pros and cons of the Napoleonic arguments is sketched out, visualising the perspectives of the students and leading to the final discussion, which should produce answers to the questions of the role of Napoleon for the Germans.

  19. A review of the neural and behavioral consequences for unitizing emotional and neutral information

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    Brendan eMurray

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A special type of association, called a unitization, is formed when pieces of information are encoded as a single representation in memory (e.g., shirt and blue are encoded as a blue shirt; Graf & Schacter, 1989 and typically are later reactivated in memory as a single unit, allowing access to the features of multiple related stimuli at once (Bader et al., 2010; Diana et al., 2011. This review examines the neural processes supporting memory for unitizations and how the emotional content of the material may influence unitization. Although associative binding is typically reliant on hippocampal processes and supported by recollection, the first part of this review will present evidence to suggest that when two items are unitized into a single representation, memory for those bound items may be accomplished on the basis of familiarity and without reliance on the hippocampus. The second part of this review discusses how emotion may affect the processes that give rise to unitizations. Emotional information typically receives a mnemonic benefit over neutral information, but the literature is mixed on whether the presence of emotional information impedes or enhances the associative binding of neutral information (reviewed by Mather, 2007. It has been suggested that the way the emotional and neutral details are related together may be critical to whether the neutral details are enhanced or impeded (Mather, 2007; Mather & Sutherland, 2011. We focus on whether emotional arousal aides or inhibits the creation of a unitized representation, presenting preliminary data and future directions to test empirically the effects of forming and retrieving emotional and neutral unitizations.

  20. Relação entre habilidades auditivas e fonológicas em crianças com dislexia do desenvolvimento

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    Simone Aparecida Capellini

    Full Text Available A dislexia do desenvolvimento, dificuldade específica de leitura, é caracterizada pela dificuldade em realizar a decodificação fono-grafêmica e percepção de fonemas acusticamente semelhantes. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar o desempenho de crianças com dislexia quanto às habilidades auditivas e de consciência fonológica, correlacionando-as. Participaram deste estudo crianças com dislexia e com bom desempenho escolar, submetidas a avaliações audiológica, do processamento auditivo e das habilidades fonológicas. Os resultados indicaram diferença estatisticamente significante entre as habilidades auditivas de seqüência para sons verbais, mensagem competitiva ipsi e contra-lateral, dicótico de dígitos e dissílabos alternados e ainda nos subtestes de síntese, segmentação, manipulação e transposição. Os achados deste estudo evidenciaram correlação entre provas de memória auditiva e manipulação silábica e fonêmica e associação entre habilidades auditivas e fonológicas, sugerindo que os processos auditivos interferem diretamente na percepção de aspectos acústicos, temporais e seqüenciais dos sons para formação de uma representação fonológica estável.

  1. A vast range of opportunities for feeding the world in 2050: trade-off between diet, N contamination and international trade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Billen, Gilles; Lassaletta, Luis; Garnier, Josette

    2015-01-01

    Through a detailed analysis of the FAO database, we have constructed a generalized representation of the nitrogen transfers characterizing the current agro-food system (GRAFS) of 12 macro-regions of the world in terms of functional relationships between crop farming, livestock breeding and human nutrition. Based on this model, and maintaining the current cropland areas and the performance of cropping and livestock systems in each region, we have assessed the possibilities of meeting the protein requirements of the estimated world population in 2050, according to various combinations of three critical drivers namely human diet (total amount of protein consumed and share of animal protein in this total), regional livestock production and crop fertilization intensity, in each region. The results show that feeding the projected 2050 world population would generally imply higher levels of inter-regional trade and of environmental nitrogen contamination than the current levels, but that the scenarios with less recourse to inter-regional trade generally produce less N losses to the environment. If an equitable human diet (in terms of protein consumption) is to be established globally (the same in all regions of the world), the fraction of animal protein should not exceed 40% of a total ingestion of 4 kgN capita −1 yr −1 , or 25% of a total consumption of 5 kgN capita −1 yr −1 . Our results show that slightly improving the agronomical performance in the most deficient regions (namely Maghreb, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and India) would make it possible not only to meet the global protein requirements with much less international trade (hence more food sovereignty), but also to reduce N environmental contamination the most efficiently. (letter)

  2. A vast range of opportunities for feeding the world in 2050: trade-off between diet, N contamination and international trade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Billen, Gilles; Lassaletta, Luis; Garnier, Josette

    2015-02-01

    Through a detailed analysis of the FAO database, we have constructed a generalized representation of the nitrogen transfers characterizing the current agro-food system (GRAFS) of 12 macro-regions of the world in terms of functional relationships between crop farming, livestock breeding and human nutrition. Based on this model, and maintaining the current cropland areas and the performance of cropping and livestock systems in each region, we have assessed the possibilities of meeting the protein requirements of the estimated world population in 2050, according to various combinations of three critical drivers namely human diet (total amount of protein consumed and share of animal protein in this total), regional livestock production and crop fertilization intensity, in each region. The results show that feeding the projected 2050 world population would generally imply higher levels of inter-regional trade and of environmental nitrogen contamination than the current levels, but that the scenarios with less recourse to inter-regional trade generally produce less N losses to the environment. If an equitable human diet (in terms of protein consumption) is to be established globally (the same in all regions of the world), the fraction of animal protein should not exceed 40% of a total ingestion of 4 kgN capita-1 yr-1, or 25% of a total consumption of 5 kgN capita-1 yr-1. Our results show that slightly improving the agronomical performance in the most deficient regions (namely Maghreb, the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, and India) would make it possible not only to meet the global protein requirements with much less international trade (hence more food sovereignty), but also to reduce N environmental contamination the most efficiently.

  3. The 12-item World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II: a nonparametric item response analysis

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    Fernandez Ana

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have analyzed the psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II using classical omnibus measures of scale quality. These analyses are sample dependent and do not model item responses as a function of the underlying trait level. The main objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the WHO-DAS II items and their options in discriminating between changes in the underlying disability level by means of item response analyses. We also explored differential item functioning (DIF in men and women. Methods The participants were 3615 adult general practice patients from 17 regions of Spain, with a first diagnosed major depressive episode. The 12-item WHO-DAS II was administered by the general practitioners during the consultation. We used a non-parametric item response method (Kernel-Smoothing implemented with the TestGraf software to examine the effectiveness of each item (item characteristic curves and their options (option characteristic curves in discriminating between changes in the underliying disability level. We examined composite DIF to know whether women had a higher probability than men of endorsing each item. Results Item response analyses indicated that the twelve items forming the WHO-DAS II perform very well. All items were determined to provide good discrimination across varying standardized levels of the trait. The items also had option characteristic curves that showed good discrimination, given that each increasing option became more likely than the previous as a function of increasing trait level. No gender-related DIF was found on any of the items. Conclusions All WHO-DAS II items were very good at assessing overall disability. Our results supported the appropriateness of the weights assigned to response option categories and showed an absence of gender differences in item functioning.

  4. PEMBUATAN PERANGKAT LUNAK DATA MINING UNTUK PENGGALIAN KAIDAH ASOSIASI MENGGUNAKAN METODE APRIORI

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    Leo Willyanto Santoso

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available There are many theories and approaches that have been developed to find pattern and association rule. One of the methods that have been developed is apriori method. Any method previously finds itemset using graph approaches that have weakness on huge memory usage. The lack of memory will affect many item that able to process. Further, many approaches use internal data structure that very complex and need resource addition to do this computation. In this research, apriori method was used to get association rule that describe relation between items in transactional database. The database that used is three kinds that have different in total transactional. Based on the empirical test, can be concluded that computational time to get asociation rule is influenced by the number of transaction and using "tidlist" data structure in apriori methods can reduce time because only read database one time. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Banyak teori dan pendekatan yang dikembangkan untuk memperoleh hasil penemuan kaidah asosiasi dan pola. Salah satu metode yang dikembangkan yaitu dengan menggunakan metode apriori. Beberapa dari metode sebelumnya melakukan pencarian itemset dengan pendekatan graf asosiasi yang memiliki kelemahan pada penggunaan memori yang besar. Keterbatasan memori jelas akan mempengaruhi banyaknya item yang bisa diproses. Lebih jauh lagi, sebagian besar pendekatan menggunakan struktur data internal sangat rumit yang tidak bersifat lokal dan membutuhkan tambahan sumber daya dan banyak komputasi. Pada riset ini, metode apriori digunakan untuk memperoleh kaidah asosiasi yang menggambarkan hubungan antar item pada database transaksional. Database yang digunakan ada tiga buah yang masing-masing memiliki jumlah transaksi yang berbeda. Dari hasil pengujian empiris dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa waktu komputasi untuk menghasilkan kaidah asosiasi dipengaruhi oleh jumlah transaksi dan Penggunaan struktur data "tidlist" pada algoritma apriori

  5. Molienda asistida con microondas de un coque metalúrgico

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    Ruisánchez, Esteban

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Metallurgical cokes are composed of graphitic carbon (s2p2 and different inorganic compounds with very different capacities to absorb microwave radiation. Moreover, due to the electric conductivity shown by the metallurgical cokes, microwave radiation produces electric arcs or microplasmas, which gives rise to hot spots. Therefore, when these cokes are irradiated with microwaves some parts of the particle experiment a rapid heating, while some others do not heat at all. As a result of the different expansion and stress caused by thermal the shock, small cracks and micro-fissures are produced in the particle. The weakening of the coke particles, and therefore an improvement of its grindability, is produced. This paper studies the microwave-assisted grinding of metallurgical coke and evaluates the grinding improvement and energy saving.Los coques metalúrgicos están compuestos mayoritariamente de carbono grafítico (s2p2 y diferentes compuestos inorgánicos con distintas capacidades de absorber la radiación de microondas. Cuando se irradian con microondas fragmentos de estos coques, algunas partes de las partículas experimentan un rápido calentamiento, mientras otras no. Además, debido a que el coque presenta una cierta conductividad eléctrica, al ser irradiados con microondas se producen de forma puntual arcos eléctricos o microplasmas, dando lugar a puntos muy calientes. Como consecuencia de las diferentes dilataciones y tensiones producidas por el choque térmico, se producen en las partículas pequeñas grietas y microfisuras. Esto produce una mayor fragilidad en las partículas de coque y un incremento en la molturabilidad de las mismas. En el presente artículo se estudia la molienda de coque asistida con microondas y se evalúan las mejoras en la molturabilidad y el ahorro de energía producido.

  6. Colour doppler ultrasound assessment of the normal neonatal hip

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ortiz-Neira, C.L.; Laffan, E.; Daneman, A.; Fong, K.; Roposch, A.

    2009-01-01

    To determine the morphology and hemodynamic characteristics of the arterial vessels of the proximal femur according to specific anatomic regions in asymptomatic neonates in 2 pediatric-based health care institutions. Forty-three neonates (29 female, 14 male; age range, 2 d-3 mo; median age, 3 d) were enrolled in the study. Thirty-two (37%) of 86 hips were classified as Graf type IIA joints (mean alpha angle, 56.0 o ± 2.7 o ), and 54 (63%) were classified as type I joints (mean alpha angle, 65.0 o ± 4.6 o ). Colour and spectral Doppler imaging identified vessels running along the acetabular labrum, epiphyseal vessels, and femoral neck. We showed 4 different patterns of vascularity of the hips: radial, parallel, mixed radial-parallel, and indeterminate, however, they were not related to the hip maturity (P = .3, coronal plane; P = .62, transverse plane) or to the amount of colour pixels identified in each region (P = .35). The mean number of pixels in the ligamentum teres region was significantly higher than that in other regions of interest (P =.03). Except for the acetabular labrum arteries, Doppler spectrum waveforms of proximal femur arteries presented with low resistivity. There was a tendency towards females' acetabular arteries presenting with lower peak systolic velocities than males' acetabular arteries (P =.06). Colour Doppler spectrum waveforms and intensity of vascularity in normal neonatal hips differ according to the anatomic region under evaluation. This observation deserves further investigation on its role on the physiopathogenesis of neonatal hip disorders. (author)

  7. O Projeto Troika em Portugal: media, resiliência e vulnerabilidade

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    Vanessa Rodrigues

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo tiene como principal objetivo analizar en qué medida el Pro-yecto Tro i k a de narrativas visuales (2014 contribuyó para dar voz a his-torias de vulnerabilidad y resistencia en Portugal, potenciar a la sociedad portuguesa para el progreso humano y de qué forma se encuadra en el pe-riodismo para el desarrollo. Además, pretende percibir cómo el proyecto se armoniza, temáticamente, en las problemáticas de las Naciones Unidas de la agenda para el desarrollo post-2015. Para responder a estas cuestio-nes, realizamos un estudio exploratorio mediante entrevistas estructuradas a tres miembros de ese colectivo independiente. Concluimos que el docu-mental se afirma con mayor potencial para promover la reflexión de las foto-grafías, en lo que se refiere a cuestiones de desarrollo y progreso humano, y que sus contribuciones podrán ser al nivel de la promoción del debate para la concientización. Entretanto, no parecen haber creado potencial inme-diato para el empoderamiento de la sociedad civil. De este modo, se sugie-re que, en futuros trabajos periodísticos en ese ámbito de periodismo para el desarrollo, se combinen, siempre que sea posible, narrativas que asocien ya sea documentales o entrevistas registradas en audio a los principales in-terventores, como una forma de factultar a la sociedad y contribuir de for-ma más eficaz para el cambio social.

  8. Adressaadi dünaamikast Harriet Jacobsi orjanarratiivis "Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl ja Eduard Vilde ajaloolises romaanis "Mahtra Sõda" / The Impact of Implied Reader on Harriet Jacobs' Slave Narrative Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl and Eduard Vilde's Historical Novel Mahtra sõda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadri Naanu

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Teesid: Orjust ja orjandust puudutavate kirjandusteoste kirjapanemise eesmärk ulatub sageli autori isiklikest kunstilistest taotlustest kaugemale ja on seotud sooviga teksti lugejat mõjutada, mistõttu on kirjutajate jaoks oluline võita nende publiku usaldus. Artikkel uurib, milliseid vahendeid eesti ja AafrikaAmeerika autorid kasutavad, et veenda lugejaid oma tekstide või minevikutõlgenduse tõeväärtuses. Analüüs toetub Harriet Jacobsi kanoonilisele orjanarratiivile „Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl“ (1861 ja Eduard Vilde ajaloolisele romaanile „Mahtra sõda“ (1902. Kahte nõnda erinevasse kirjandustraditsiooni kuuluvate tekstide käsitlemine ühe artikli piirides aitas märgata huvitavat paralleeli – mõlemad analüüsitud autorid toetusid teostes dokumentaalsele abimaterjalile, et paigutada tekstis kirjeldatud sündmuseid tekstivälisesse maailma.   Texts that depict slavery or serfdom, both autobiographical and fictional, are often written with a purpose that is not restricted to the artistic objectives of a particular author. Their purpose may be to find supporters for the abolitionist cause, to provide the readers with an understanding of the everyday conditions of slavery or serfdom, or to use the past in order to speak about the present, etc. In order to reach these objectives and not alienate their audience, the literary work has to take into account the reader’s expectations (i.e., regarding the genre or their prejudice (i.e., regarding the author. This means that these supposed ideas or prejudices influence the ways in which authors tell the story. This article explores the dynamics of address in Harriet Jacobs’s autobiographical slave narrative Incidents in a Life of a Slave Girl (1861 and Eduard Vilde’s historical novel The War of Mahtra (1902 in order to outline the strategies the authors use to gain the reader’s trust and connect their work with the world outside the text. These strategies have also

  9. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Quality Improvement, Parents Centered Care"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-10-01

    M. Thanhaeuser, A. Repa, A. Berger, N. HaidenABS 20. INCREASED BREAST MILK USE REDUCED SEVERITY OF NECROTIZING ENTEROCOLITIS IN A QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROJECT IN A CHINESE NICU • Q. Zhou, SK. Lee, XJ. Hu, SJ. Lee, SY. Jiang, Y. CaoABS 21. SCARRED FOR LIFE? • M. Kristiansen, C.-A. Olsson MägiABS 22. HOW CAN NEONATAL NURSES ENHANCE PARENT-INFANT BOND BY EMPOWERING PARENTS • M.J. Ravn, J.B. WigdelABS 23. SKIN-TO-SKIN CONTACT IN EXTREMELY PRETERM NEWBORNS • H. Pavlyshyn, I. Sarapuk, O. KlishchABS 24. DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATED FAMILY DELIVERED NEONATAL CARE MODEL INCLUDING A PARENT SUPPORT MOBILE APP • J. Banerjee, A. Aloysius, K. Platonos, A. DeierlABS 25. EMPLOYING A NUTRITION NURSE IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT IMPROVED NUTRITION AND GROWTH OUTCOMES IN PRETERM NEONATES • O. Aydemir, A. Calik Saglik, Z. Sekili, N. TekinABS 26. THE EFFECT OF BATHING AT TWO DIFFERENT TIMES ON BODY TEMPERATURE AND SKIN MOISTURE LEVEL IN NEWBORNS • D. Gözen, S. Yalnızoğlu Çaka, S. Ateş Beşirik, Y. PerkABS 27. MOTHER-INFANT CLOSENESS SUPPORTS THE BREASTFEEDING OF PRETERM INFANTS AT DISCHARGE • S. Raiskila, A. Axelin, L. Toome, S. Caballero, B. Tandberg, R. Montirosso, E. Normann, B. Hallberg, B. Westrup, U. Ewald, L. LehtonenABS 28. THE FIRST MINUTES WHEN MY EXTREMELY PRETERM INFANT WAS BORN • C. Israelsson, F. ThorolfsonABS 29. DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF eLEARNING EDUCATION TO SUPPORT BREASTFEEDING IN NICU • W. Higman, L. Wallace, A. Turner, S. Law, K. BlakeABS 30. THE ROLE OF PAEDIATRIC PHYSIO-/OC­CUPATIONAL THERAPISTS IN PARENTAL EMPOWERMENT AT THE NICU • M.J.C. Eijsermans, M.J. Jongmans, C.H. Verhage, F. Jenken, J. van der Net, M.J. Benders, A. van den HoogenABS 31. NEUROPROTECTIVE DEVELOPMENTAL CARE: STATE OF KNOWLEDGE AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE • A. Lavallée, G. De Clifford-Faugère, A.N. Fernandez Oviedo, C. Garcia, M. Héon, M. AitaABS 32. PROSPECTIVE SURVEILLANCE OF RISK FACTORS FOR INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGE IN PRETERM

  10. Preliminary 3D In-situ measurements of the texture evolution of strained H2O ice during annealing using neutron Laue diffractometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journaux, Baptiste; Montagnat, Maurine; Chauve, Thomas; Ouladdiaf, Bachir; Allibon, John

    2015-04-01

    Dynamic recrystallization (DRX) strongly affects the evolution of microstructure (grain size and shape) and texture (crystal preferred orientation) in materials during deformation at high temperature. Since texturing leads to anisotropic physical properties, predicting the effect of DRX is essential for industrial applications, for interpreting geophysical data and modeling geodynamic flows, and predicting ice sheet flow and climate evolution. A large amount of literature is available related to metallurgy, geology or glaciology, but there remains overall fundamental questions about the relationship between nucleation, grain boundary migration and texture development at the microscopic scale. Previous measurements of DRX in ice were either conducted using 2D ex-situ techniques such as AITA [1,2] or Electron Backscattering Diffraction (EBSD) [3], or using 3D statistical ex-situ [4] or in-situ [5] techniques. Nevertheless, all these techniques failed to observe at the scale of nucleation processes during DRX in full 3D. Here we present a new approach using neutron Laue diffraction, which enable to perform 3D measurements of in-situ texture evolution of strained polycrystalline H2O ice (>2% at 266 K) during annealing at the microscopic scale. Thanks the CYCLOPS instrument [6] (Institut Laue Langevin Grenoble, France) and the intrinsic low background of this setup, preliminary observations enabled us to follow, in H2O ice, the evolution of serrated grain boundaries, and kink-band during annealing. Our observations show a significant evolution of the texture and internal misorientation over the course of few hours at an annealing temperature of 268.5 K. In the contrary, ice kink-band structures seem to be very stable over time at near melting temperatures. The same samples have been analyzed ex-situ using EBSD for comparison. These results represent a first step toward in-situ microscopic measurements of dynamic recrystallization processes in ice during strain. This

  11. Sibilância em crianças e adolescentes vizinhos a uma indústria petroquímica no Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil

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    Ana Claudia Lopes de Moraes

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a associação entre relato de sibilância em crianças e adolescentes e o local de residência em relação à dispersão dos poluentes atmosféricos emitidos pelo Pólo Petroquímico (PPQ de Guamaré (RN. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de relato de sibilância em crianças e adolescentes de 0 a 14 anos de idade, residentes no entorno do PPQ de Guamaré, em 2006. Foi utilizado o questionário padronizado do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, acrescido de questões relativas ao tabagismo, renda, moradia e escolaridade. Concentrações diárias de PM10, PM2,5, carbono grafítico, SO2, NO2, O3, benzeno, tolueno e xilenos foram medidas em uma estação de monitoramento fixa. As comunidades residentes na área de influência das emissões do PPQ foram classificadas, segundo a direção preferencial dos ventos, em expostas e de referência. RESULTADOS: Participaram do estudo 209 crianças e adolescentes. As concentrações médias diárias dos poluentes monitorados mantiveram-se abaixo dos limites estabelecidos nos padrões de qualidade do ar. A prevalência de sibilos nos últimos 12 meses foi de 27,3%. Associações estatisticamente significantes com sibilos nos últimos 12 meses foram verificadas mesmo após ajustamentos para comunidades expostas [razão de chances (odds ratio, ORajust = 2,01; intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95% 1,01-4,01], gênero masculino (ORajust = 2,50; IC95% 1,21-5,18 e idade de 0 a 6 anos (ORajust = 5,00; IC95% 2,41-10,39. CONCLUSÃO: Mesmo em baixas concentrações de poluentes atmosféricos, a ocorrência de sintomas respiratórios em crianças e adolescentes nas comunidades no entorno de um PPQ esteve associada a residência na direção preferencial dos ventos, mostrando-se mais vulnerável o grupo de pré-escolares do gênero masculino.

  12. Amylmetacresol/2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol, hexylresorcinol, or carrageenan lozenges as active treatments for sore throat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morokutti-Kurz M

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Martina Morokutti-Kurz, Christine Graf, Eva Prieschl-Grassauer Marinomed Biotechnologie GmbH, Vienna, Austria Abstract: Up to 80% of sore throats are caused by viruses. Several over the counter products are available which provide symptomatic, not causal relief. For such lozenges, containing the antiseptics and local anesthetics amylmetacresol (AMC and 2,4-dichlorobenzyl alcohol (DCBA or hexylresorcinol (HR, recently an additional virucidal effect was published. Therefore, we tested a set of Strepsils® lozenges, containing either HR (Max [#2] or AMC/DCBA (Original [#3], Extra Strong [#4], Warm [#5], Orange and Vitamin C [#6], Sugar free Lemon [#7], Children/Strawberry [#8] and Soothing Honey and Lemon [#9] for their antiviral efficiency against representatives of respiratory viruses known to cause sore throat: human rhinovirus (HRV 1a, HRV8, influenza virus A H1N1n, Coxsackievirus A10, and human coronavirus (hCoV OC43. The lozenges were tested head to head with Coldamaris® lozenges (#1, which contain the patented antiviral iota-carrageenan. None of the tested AMC/DCBA or HR containing lozenges shows any antiviral effectiveness against HRV8 at the tested concentrations, whereas all are moderately active against HRV1a. Only lozenge #5 shows any activity against hCoV OC43 and Coxsackievirus A10 at the tested concentrations. Similarly, only lozenge #3 is moderately active against influenza A H1N1n virus. The data indicates that neither the isolated effect of the active ingredients nor the pH but rather one or more of the excipients of the specific formulations are responsible for the antiviral effect of some of the AMC/DCBA or HR containing lozenges. In contrast, carrageenan-containing lozenges are highly active against all viruses tested. In another experiment, we showed that binding and inactivation of virus particles by iota-carrageenan are fast and highly effective. During the residence time of the lozenge in the mouth, the viral titer is

  13. Increased component safety through improved methods for residual stress analysis. Subprojects. Consideration of the elastic-plastic material properties (phase 1). Final report; Erhoehung der Komponentensicherheit durch verbesserte Verfahren zur Eigenspannungsanalyse. Teilvorhaben. Beruecksichtigung der elastisch-plastischen Materialeigenschaften (Phase 1). Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mirbach, David von

    2014-07-28

    Residual stresses in mechanical components can result in both detrimental but also beneficial effects on the strength and lifetime of the components. The most detailed knowledge of the residual stress state is of advantage or a pre-requisite for the assessment of the component performance. The mechanical methods for residual stress measurement are divided into the groups of non-destructive and destructive methods. Two commonly used mechanical methods for determination of residual stresses are the hole drilling method and the ring core method which can be regarded as semi-destructive methods. In the context of reactor safety research of the German Federal Ministry of Economic and Technology (BMWi) two fundamental and interacting weak points of the hole drilling method as well as of the ring core method, respectively, in order to determine residual stresses are going to be investigated. As a consequence reliability of the methods will be improved in this joint research project. On the one hand there are effects of geometrical boundary conditions of the components and on the other hand there is the influence of plasticity due to notch effects both affecting the released strain field after removing material and after all the calculated residual stresses. The first issue mentioned above is under the responsibility of the Institute of Materials Engineering (Kassel University) and the last one is investigated by Universitaet of Stuttgart-Otto-Graf-Institut - materials testing institute. As a consequence of a successful project the knowledge base will be considerably improved resulting in benefits for various engineering fields. Especially the quantitative consideration of real residual stress states for optimized component designs will be possible and after all the consequences of residual stresses on safety of components which are used in nuclear facilities can be evaluated. The state of art was reground in the first research chapter and the analysed strain gauges where

  14. Mejora de las propiedades termomecánicas de grafito isótropo, elaborado a partir de mesofase carbonosa, mediante la adición de carburos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ordás, N.

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available This work demonstrates the possibilities for optimization of doped fine grain graphites with high thermal conductivity and high thermal shock resistance for application as plasma-facing materials at those areas of the vessel wall in fusion devices receiving the highest particle and power loads. A mixture of carbonaceous mesophase powder and different fine grain carbides (B4C, TiC, VC, ZrC and WC was used as starting material. These carbides act as catalysts, decreasing the graphitization temperature. VC acts as catalyst of the graphitization at the lowest temperature, and ZrC is the most effective catalyst of all investigated carbides. With increasing graphitization temperature, the open porosity of all doped materials becomes closed, suggesting the existence of a diffusion mechanism responsible for both the catalytic effect and the closing of the open porosity. Carbides addition does not strongly influence the mechanical properties of pure graphite.

    Este trabajo muestra la posibilidad de desarrollar materiales grafíticos isótropos dopados para su implantación en las zonas de mayor flujo térmico de la primera pared de futuros experimentos de fusión nuclear. Estos materiales deben tener elevada conductividad térmica y alta resistencia al choque térmico. Como material de partida se han empleado mezclas de mesofase carbonosa y diferentes carburos metálicos (TiC, VC, ZrC, WC y B4C. Estos carburos catalizan la grafitización, permitiendo que tenga lugar a menor temperatura. VC comienza a actuar como catalizador a la temperatura más baja; ZrC es el catalizador más eficaz de los estudiados. Se ha observado que al grafitizar a la temperatura a la que comienza el efecto catalítico de los carburos, la porosidad abierta deja de estar conectada. Este fenómeno sugiere la existencia de un mismo mecanismo de difusión responsable del efecto catalítico y del cierre de la porosidad abierta. La adición de carburos no afecta negativamente a

  15. Op het raakvlak van historische disciplines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dick E.H. de Boer

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available At the Meeting Point of Historical DisciplinesThis contribution introduces the way in which the interaction between history and archaeology is examined, taking the case of the identification of a tomb and remains of Count William II of Holland, King of the Holy Roman Empire (†1256, in the former abbey church of Middelburg. It stresses the necessity of strict source criticism, which should be self-evident, but is at risk of receiving less attention. This is even truer when one of the disciplines is used as an auxiliary argument to support the other instead of a balanced approach. Wishful interpretation in such a case is a clear risk. The contribution gives some examples, before sketching the advance made thanks to the reapprochement of history and archaeology, and the consequent need for a registration system of archaeological data that can facilitate multi-disciplinary analysis. It ends with an introduction to the different stands in the dossier.Deze bijdrage biedt een inleiding op de wijze waarop de interactie tussen geschiedenis en archeologie wordt bekeken aan de hand van een casus betreffende het graf en de overblijfselen van de in 1256 gesneuvelde graaf Willem II van Holland, koning van het Heilige Roomse Rijk, in de voormalige abdijkerk van Middelburg. Hij benadrukt de noodzaak van een nauwgezette bronnenkritiek. Hoewel deze als vanzelfsprekend moet worden beschouwd, is er een zeker risico van verminderde zorgvuldigheid. Dit speelt vooral wanneer één van de disciplines wordt gebruikt als een hulp-argument, dat de uitkomsten van de andere moet ondersteunen, in plaats van een benadering waarbij beide disciplines in evenwicht zijn. Bij een onbalans is het risico van interpreteren in het licht van de gewenste uitkomst duidelijk aanwezig. De bijdrage geeft hiervan enkele voorbeelden, alvorens de vooruitgang te schetsen die is geboekt juist dankzij de toenadering tussen geschiedenis en archeologie, en aan te geven dat er behoefte is aan een

  16. C60 fullereno modificado por haces de iones de baja energía para prevenir el efecto multipactor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galán, L.

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available C60 fullerene modified by low-energy ion beams of H2 +, N2 +, O2 + y Ar+ has been studied. After ion bombardment, the photoemission spectra obtained using synchrotron radiation show an increase of the density of states just bellow the Fermi level. Ion bombarment of C60 with 50 eV energy and 4×1014 ion/cm2 fluence is sufficient to modify the cage structure of the fullerene and to obtain graphitic amorphous carbon. Upon bombarding with an energy of 50 eV, implantation of the nitrogen and the oxygen ions was observed, while implantation of the hydrogen and argon ions was small. The maximum secondary emission yield of C60 thin films is lower than 1.3 even after air exposure. A significant improvement on the secondary emission properties can be obtained after bombardment by low-energy Ar+ and N2 + ion beams.Se ha estudiado la interacción de los iones H2 +, N2 +, O2 + y Ar+ de baja energía con películas delgadas de fullereno C60. Después del bombardeo iónico, la densidad de estados cerca del nivel de Fermi aumenta de forma apreciable, según se observa en los espectros de fotoemisión obtenidos usando radiación sincrotrón. El bombardeo iónico con una energía de tan sólo 50 eV y una fluencia de 4x1014 ion/cm2 es suficiente para modificar la simétrica estructura de caja del fullereno y obtener carbono amorfo grafítico. El nitrógeno y el oxígeno se implantan al bombardear con una energía de 50 eV, mientras que la implantación es despreciable en el caso del hidrógeno y argon. Las películas de fullereno poseen un coeficiente máximo de emisión secundaria inferior a 1.3 incluso después de su exposición al aire, el cual disminuye después del bombardeo con iones de N2 + y Ar+.

  17. Superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs – extraordinary and outstanding success of evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazimierz Kochman

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs are considered as very diverse and also surprisingly successful structures during the whole evolutionary process, being capable of transducing the different forms of “information” within the cell and also between cells, such as different peptides, lipids, proteins, nucleotides, nucleosides, organic odorants and photons. Complex studies as well as two-dimensional crystallization of rhodopsin, their paradigm, led to the creation of a useful model having a common central core, consisting of seven transmembrane helical domains, which undergoes appropriate structural modification during activation and signal transduction. After the complete delineation of the human genome, which is the apogee of human scientific civilization and culture, it was possible to identify more than 800 human GPCR sequences and in parallel analyze 342 unique functional nonolfactory human GPCR sequences with phylogenetic analyses. These results support, with high bootstrap values, the existence of five main families, named by the authors glutamate, rhodopsin, adhesion, frizzle/taste2, and secretin, forming the GRAFS classification system. Positions of the GPCRs in chromosomal paralogous regions indicate the importance of tetraploidizations or local gene duplication events during their creation. Some families of GPCRs show, however, very little or no similarity in the sequence of amino acid chains. They utilize an enormous number of different domains to bind ligands and to activate the appropriate G-proteins. The delicate tuning of their coupling to G proteins is further regulated by splicing, RNA editing and phosphorylation. A number of GPCRs may also form homodimers or heterodimers with structurally different GPCRs and also with membrane-bound proteins having one transmembrane domain. It should also be stressed that not all GPCRs are strictly faithful to G proteins because growing evidence indicates that they can interact directly

  18. Rechazo y retrasplante corneal Corneal rejection and re-transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel O Mokey Castellanos

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se efectuó una investigación observacional análítica retrospectiva, sobre los transplantes corneales efectuados en el Servicio de Oftalmología del Hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras. Rechazaron 76 pacientes, que se compararon con un control de 89 pacientes, que en un período similar no tuvieron rechazo. El queratocono fue la afección corneal que predominó. El primer lugar en los rechazos correspondió a queratoherpes (43,5 %. El menor índice de rechazo fue para el queratocono (8,8 %. Se analizó la multiplicidad de rechazos; y fue frecuente que se presentara un solo rechazo, aunque sí hubo congruencia entre el número de rechazos y la necesidad de retrasplantes. Se encontró que los resultados de la conducta médica o quirúrgica se relacionaban con la causa. Se calcula un índice de supervivencia (Kaplan-Meier, que concluye que en los primeros dos años existe menos posibilidad de aparición de rechazoAn retrospective observational analytical research was conducted on corneal transplants performed at Ophthalmological Service in “Hermanos Ameijeiras” hospital . Seventy six patients had graft rejection and were compared to a control group of 89 patients that did not present rejection in the same period of time. Keratoconus was the prevailing corneal problem. The highest rejection rate corresponded to keratoherpes (43,5% whereas the lowest rate was for keratoconus (8,8%. Multiplicity of rejections was analyzed and it was found that mostly one graft rejection occured, but number of rejections was associated with the need of re-transplantation. It was found that the results of medical or surgical performance were related to the cause of graft rejection. A survival index (Kaplan-Meier was estimated, which showed that occurence of graf rejection is less probable in the first two years

  19. Can 3D ultrasound identify trochlea dysplasia in newborns? Evaluation and applicability of a technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohlhof, Hendrik, E-mail: Hendrik.Kohlhof@ukb.uni-bonn.de [Clinic for Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127 Bonn (Germany); Heidt, Christoph, E-mail: Christoph.heidt@kispi.uzh.ch [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 74, 8032 Switzerland (Switzerland); Bähler, Alexandrine, E-mail: Alexandrine.baehler@insel.ch [Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Children' s Hospital Berne, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Berne (Switzerland); Kohl, Sandro, E-mail: sandro.kohl@insel.ch [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Berne, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Berne (Switzerland); Gravius, Sascha, E-mail: sascha.gravius@ukb.uni-bonn.de [Clinic for Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127 Bonn (Germany); Friedrich, Max J., E-mail: Max.Friedrich@ukb.uni-bonn.de [Clinic for Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, University Hospital Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, 53127 Bonn (Germany); Ziebarth, Kai, E-mail: kai.ziebarth@insel.ch [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University Hospital Berne, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Berne (Switzerland); Stranzinger, Enno, E-mail: Enno.Stranzinger@insel.ch [Department of Pediatric Radiology, University Children' s Hospital Berne, Freiburgstrasse 18, 3010 Berne (Switzerland)

    2015-06-15

    Highlights: • We evaluated a possible screening method for trochlea dysplasia. • 3D ultrasound was used to perform the measurements on standardized axial planes. • The evaluation of the technique showed comparable results to other studies. • This technique may be used as a screening technique as it is quick and easy to perform. - Abstract: Femoro-patellar dysplasia is considered as a significant risk factor of patellar instability. Different studies suggest that the shape of the trochlea is already developed in early childhood. Therefore early identification of a dysplastic configuration might be relevant information for the treating physician. An easy applicable routine screening of the trochlea is yet not available. The purpose of this study was to establish and evaluate a screening method for femoro-patellar dysplasia using 3D ultrasound. From 2012 to 2013 we prospectively imaged 160 consecutive femoro-patellar joints in 80 newborns from the 36th to 61st gestational week that underwent a routine hip sonography (Graf). All ultrasounds were performed by a pediatric radiologist with only minimal additional time to the routine hip ultrasound. In 30° flexion of the knee, axial, coronal, and sagittal reformats were used to standardize a reconstructed axial plane through the femoral condyle and the mid-patella. The sulcus angle, the lateral-to-medial facet ratio of the trochlea and the shape of the patella (Wiberg Classification) were evaluated. In all examinations reconstruction of the standardized axial plane was achieved, the mean trochlea angle was 149.1° (SD 4.9°), the lateral-to-medial facet ratio of the trochlea ratio was 1.3 (SD 0.22), and a Wiberg type I patella was found in 95% of the newborn. No statistical difference was detected between boys and girls. Using standardized reconstructions of the axial plane allows measurements to be made with lower operator dependency and higher accuracy in a short time. Therefore 3D ultrasound is an easy

  20. La producción cinematográfica en la Argentina: Datos, formas de organización y tipos de empresas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Barnes

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Cualquier investigación sobre la producción cinematográfica desde una perspectiva econó-mica u organizacional encuentra serios escollos de información. Parte del problema tiene que ver con deficiencias de los datos disponibles. Pero también debe tenerse en cuenta la misma naturaleza de estas actividades, que se organizan por proyectos y en las cuales la empresa, como agente organizador de recursos, tiene un rol menor al observable en otras actividades económicas. Esto tiene consecuencias en términos de la calidad de la información estadística que se produce. Asociado a ello notamos que se ha avanzado relativamente poco en la pro¬ducción bibliográfica que apunte a caracterizar a las empresas productoras de cine en nuestro país. En este marco, el objetivo del artículo es caracterizar la producción cinematográfica en la Argentina. En función de este objetivo nos proponemos: i desarrollar una tipología de formas de producir cine; (ii describir y comparar la información procedente de las fuentes secundarias existentes; y por último, (iii caracterizar a los agentes involucrados en la produc¬ción cinematográfica. Las conclusiones centrales del artículo muestran, por un lado, las limitaciones de la infor¬mación estadística existente acerca del campo cinematográfico argentino y, por otro lado, dan cuenta de una gran diversidad de formas de producción cinematográfica que están íntima¬mente relacionadas con una diversidad de tipos de empresas. El artículo se basa en la biblio¬grafía existente, un conjunto de fuentes secundarias y los hallazgos de un proyecto más am¬plio de investigación.

  1. Mobile Apps in Oncology: A Survey on Health Care Professionals' Attitude Toward Telemedicine, mHealth, and Oncological Apps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessel, Kerstin A; Vogel, Marco Me; Schmidt-Graf, Friederike; Combs, Stephanie E

    2016-11-24

    Mobile apps are an evolving trend in the medical field. To date, few apps in an oncological context exist. The aim was to analyze the attitude of health care professionals (HCPs) toward telemedicine, mHealth, and mobile apps in the field of oncology. We developed and conducted an online survey with 24 questions evaluating HCPs' general attitude toward telemedicine and patients using medical mobile apps. Specific questions on the possible functionality for patients and the resulting advantages and disadvantages for both the patients' and HCPs' daily clinical routine were evaluated. A total of 108 HCPs completed the survey. In all, 88.9% (96/108) considered telemedicine useful and 84.3% (91/108) supported the idea of an oncological app complementing classical treatment. Automatic reminders, timetables, and assessment of side effects and quality of life during therapy were rated as the most important functions. In contrast, uncertainty regarding medical responsibility and data privacy were reasons mostly named by critics. Most (64.8%, 70/108) were in favor of an alert function due to data input needing further clarification, and 94% (66/70) were willing to contact the patient after a critical alert. In all, 93.5% (101/108) supported the idea of using the collected data for scientific research. Moreover, 75.0% (81/108) believed establishing a mobile app could be beneficial for the providing hospital. A majority of HCPs are in favor of telemedicine and the use of oncological apps by patients. Assessing side effects can lead to quicker response and thus lower inconvenience for patients. Clinical data, such as life quality and treatment satisfaction, could be used to evaluate and improve the therapy workflow. Eventually, a mobile app would enhance the patients' relationship to their treating department because they are in permanent contact. ©Kerstin A Kessel, Marco ME Vogel, Friederike Schmidt-Graf, Stephanie E Combs. Originally published in the Journal of Medical

  2. Low-Cost Bio-Based Carbon Fibers for High Temperature Processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Ryan Michael [GrafTech International, Brooklyn Heights, OH (United States); Naskar, Amit [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2017-08-03

    GrafTech International Holdings Inc. (GTI), under Award No. DE-EE0005779, worked with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) under CRADA No. NFE-15-05807 to develop lignin-based carbon fiber (LBCF) technology and to demonstrate LBCF performance in high-temperature products and applications. This work was unique and different from other reported LBCF work in that this study was application-focused and scalability-focused. Accordingly, the executed work was based on meeting criteria based on technology development, cost, and application suitability. High-temperature carbon fiber based insulation is used in energy intensive industries, such as metal heat treating and ceramic and semiconductor material production. Insulation plays a critical role in achieving high thermal and process efficiency, which is directly related to energy usage, cost, and product competitiveness. Current high temperature insulation is made with petroleum based carbon fibers, and one goal of this protect was to develop and demonstrate an alternative lignin (biomass) based carbon fiber that would achieve lower cost, CO2 emissions, and energy consumption and result in insulation that met or exceeded the thermal efficiency of current commercial insulation. In addition, other products were targeted to be evaluated with LBCF. As the project was designed to proceed in stages, the initial focus of this work was to demonstrate lab-scale LBCF from at least 4 different lignin precursor feedstock sources that could meet the estimated production cost of $5.00/pound and have ash level of less than 500 ppm in the carbonized insulation-grade fiber. Accordingly, a preliminary cost model was developed based on publicly available information. The team demonstrated that 4 lignin samples met the cost criteria. In addition, the ash level for the 4 carbonized lignin samples was below 500 ppm. Processing as-received lignin to produce a high purity lignin fiber was a significant accomplishment in that most industrial

  3. Initial Comparison of Baseline Physical and Mechanical Properties for the VHTR Candidate Graphite Grades

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, Mark C. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States). VHTR Program

    2014-09-01

    High-purity graphite is the core structural material of choice in the Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) design, a graphite-moderated, helium-cooled configuration capable of producing thermal energy for power generation as well as process heat for industrial applications that require temperatures higher than the outlet temperatures of present nuclear reactors. The Baseline Graphite Characterization Program is establishing accurate as-manufactured mechanical and physical property distributions in nuclear-grade graphites by providing comprehensive data that captures the level of variation in measured values. In addition to providing a thorough comparison between these values in different graphite grades, the program is also carefully tracking individual specimen source, position, and orientation information in order to provide comparisons both in specific properties and in the associated variability between different lots, different billets, and different positions from within a single billet. This report is a preliminary comparison between each of the grades of graphite that are considered “candidate” grades from four major international graphite producers. These particular grades (NBG-18, NBG-17, PCEA, IG-110, and 2114) are the major focus of the evaluations presently underway on irradiated graphite properties through the series of Advanced Graphite Creep (AGC) experiments. NBG-18, a medium-grain pitch coke graphite from SGL from which billets are formed via vibration molding, was the favored structural material in the pebble-bed configuration. NBG-17 graphite from SGL is essentially NBG-18 with the grain size reduced by a factor of two. PCEA, petroleum coke graphite from GrafTech with a similar grain size to NBG-17, is formed via an extrusion process and was initially considered the favored grade for the prismatic layout. IG-110 and 2114, from Toyo Tanso and Mersen (formerly Carbone Lorraine), respectively, are fine-grain grades produced via an isomolding

  4. Increased component safety through improved methods for residual stress analysis. Subprojects. Consideration of the elastic-plastic material properties (phase 1). Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mirbach, David von

    2014-01-01

    Residual stresses in mechanical components can result in both detrimental but also beneficial effects on the strength and lifetime of the components. The most detailed knowledge of the residual stress state is of advantage or a pre-requisite for the assessment of the component performance. The mechanical methods for residual stress measurement are divided into the groups of non-destructive and destructive methods. Two commonly used mechanical methods for determination of residual stresses are the hole drilling method and the ring core method which can be regarded as semi-destructive methods. In the context of reactor safety research of the German Federal Ministry of Economic and Technology (BMWi) two fundamental and interacting weak points of the hole drilling method as well as of the ring core method, respectively, in order to determine residual stresses are going to be investigated. As a consequence reliability of the methods will be improved in this joint research project. On the one hand there are effects of geometrical boundary conditions of the components and on the other hand there is the influence of plasticity due to notch effects both affecting the released strain field after removing material and after all the calculated residual stresses. The first issue mentioned above is under the responsibility of the Institute of Materials Engineering (Kassel University) and the last one is investigated by Universitaet of Stuttgart-Otto-Graf-Institut - materials testing institute. As a consequence of a successful project the knowledge base will be considerably improved resulting in benefits for various engineering fields. Especially the quantitative consideration of real residual stress states for optimized component designs will be possible and after all the consequences of residual stresses on safety of components which are used in nuclear facilities can be evaluated. The state of art was reground in the first research chapter and the analysed strain gauges where

  5. Программно-методическое обеспечение для изучения цифровых регуляторов, построенных на нечеткой логике

    OpenAIRE

    Воронов, Владимир Александрович

    2016-01-01

    В процессе работы были изучены основы нечеткой логики, принципы построения нечетких регуляторов, состав языка программирования FBD в системе ISaGRAF, проведено ознакомление со SCADA-системой Master SCADA. В результате разработано программно-методическое обеспечение по выполнению двух лабораторных работ, целью выполнения которых является получение знаний по разработке нечетких регуляторов и получение практических навыков их программной реализации. In the process, have been studied based on ...

  6. Bon Pastor (Barcelona un territori en construcció

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Salas Ramos

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available L'article desenvolupa alguns dels aspectes de la tesi doctoral de l'autor (Sales, 2015. Es planteja una anàlisi de l'evolució del territori en el qual es troba el barri del Bon Pastor (Barcelona, posant l'accent en l'entorn construït. Per a això, la narrativa històrica es complementa amb documentació gràfica, part d'ella a partir dels diversos tallers de participació que l'autor ha desenvolupat i continua desenvolupant-se en aquest barri, en cooperació amb l'Associació de Veïns i l'Ajuntament de Barcelona (Districte de Sant Andreu amb l'objectiu de desenvolupar intervencions en l'espai públic de la zona en relació amb la preservació de la memòria cívica de Bon Pastor i en el context d'avançar en els processos de governaza urbana basada en la participació creativa dels veïns  Alhora s'organitzaven els primers processos participatius, vam començar a documentar la història de Bon Pastor. També a fer rutes pel barri per veure les seves característiques urbanes actuals i recopilar informació sobre els plans urbanístics vigents. Els següents paràgrafs són una síntesi del relat literari de la història de Bon Pastor i les seves principals característiques urbanes. Com va succeir amb Baró de Viver, és un relat que s'haurà d'anar completant a mesura que es desenvolupin els diferents processos participatius amb els relats de les vivències de la població, així com la diferent documentació que ens puguin aportar

  7. Comunicación política en la red social Facebook: segmento rusoparlante 

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Pilgun

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El presente artículo expone el análisis de las características de la comunicación política en el segmento rusoparlante de la red social Facebook a base de grupos políticamente activos y sus actores. Al contrario de lo habitual en los EEUU y otros países, los usuarios de blogs rusos prefieren plataformas que combinan elementos típicos de un blog y los de las redes sociales tipo Facebook. Los datos fueron recogidos en un momento político complicado para Rusia (rebeldía en Ucrania lo que avivó la actividad de la oposición rusa y los procesos manipuladores en las redes sociales rusas. Objetivos. El objetivo era clasificar los actores políticamente activos de Facebook ruso y analizar su comportamiento sociolingüístico. Metodología. Se efectuó un análisis interdisciplinar de los grupos políticos (N 200 y actores (N 291 durante enero-mayo 2014. Resultados. Según sus opiniones políticas los actores principales fueron clasificados como oficiales-gubernamentales, de oposición y nacionalistas y juzgando por su actividad como proyectores de espacio comunicativo, manipuladores, grafómanos y autores de Clusters locales. Su comportamiento comunicativo y verbal también ha sido analizado donde fueron identificadas identidades virtuales específicas compartidas. Discusión y conclusiones. Desde que las redes sociales están siendo utilizadas cada vez más con fines políticos el análisis de los procesos sociolingüísticos en las comunidades virtuales activas políticamente ha adquirido mucha importancia tanto en Rusia, como en el resto del mundo. Como la perspectiva del desarrollo futuro del presente estudio se contempla la detección de la relación entre la actividad comunicativa de los actores online y offline dentro de los grupos señalados.

  8. Can 3D ultrasound identify trochlea dysplasia in newborns? Evaluation and applicability of a technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kohlhof, Hendrik; Heidt, Christoph; Bähler, Alexandrine; Kohl, Sandro; Gravius, Sascha; Friedrich, Max J.; Ziebarth, Kai; Stranzinger, Enno

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • We evaluated a possible screening method for trochlea dysplasia. • 3D ultrasound was used to perform the measurements on standardized axial planes. • The evaluation of the technique showed comparable results to other studies. • This technique may be used as a screening technique as it is quick and easy to perform. - Abstract: Femoro-patellar dysplasia is considered as a significant risk factor of patellar instability. Different studies suggest that the shape of the trochlea is already developed in early childhood. Therefore early identification of a dysplastic configuration might be relevant information for the treating physician. An easy applicable routine screening of the trochlea is yet not available. The purpose of this study was to establish and evaluate a screening method for femoro-patellar dysplasia using 3D ultrasound. From 2012 to 2013 we prospectively imaged 160 consecutive femoro-patellar joints in 80 newborns from the 36th to 61st gestational week that underwent a routine hip sonography (Graf). All ultrasounds were performed by a pediatric radiologist with only minimal additional time to the routine hip ultrasound. In 30° flexion of the knee, axial, coronal, and sagittal reformats were used to standardize a reconstructed axial plane through the femoral condyle and the mid-patella. The sulcus angle, the lateral-to-medial facet ratio of the trochlea and the shape of the patella (Wiberg Classification) were evaluated. In all examinations reconstruction of the standardized axial plane was achieved, the mean trochlea angle was 149.1° (SD 4.9°), the lateral-to-medial facet ratio of the trochlea ratio was 1.3 (SD 0.22), and a Wiberg type I patella was found in 95% of the newborn. No statistical difference was detected between boys and girls. Using standardized reconstructions of the axial plane allows measurements to be made with lower operator dependency and higher accuracy in a short time. Therefore 3D ultrasound is an easy

  9. DIFFERENCES IN THE MOTORIC ABILITIES OF STUDENTS DUE TO THE BODY MASS INDEX (BMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arben Osmani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The research has been conducted in order to establish differences in motoric abilities due to the body mass index (BMI with the tested students at the eighth grade (Barlow, & the Expert Committee, 2007. Methods: During the research 160 male students aged 14 were tested. On the base of (BMI they were divided into 3 groups (normal, overweight, and with obesity. They were tested with 6 motor tests for: explosive power, repetitive power, coordination, equilibrium, precision, and flexibility. Along with basic statistic parameters, the differences between the groups are established through: ANOVA, MANOVA and LSD-tests. Results: The obtained results are presented in 5 tables. On the base of the results, a statistically significant difference in favor of the group of normal body mass index is recorded in the following tests: standing a long jump, agility on the ground and keeping balance on one leg. Discussion: The results obtained in this research indicate that obesity and overweight cause a negative effect and result in lower performances concerning some motoric abilities. On the base of the obtained results, it is concluded that the group of students of normal body mass index achieved the best results in the motoric abilities with assessing the following: explosive power, coordination, and equilibrium. As for the motoric ability concerning: precision, repetitive power, and flexibility, there are no established statistically significant differences between the three groups. The obtained results correspond with some former researches (Milanese, et al., 2010; Zhu, Sheng, Wu, & Cairney, 2010, and some do not (De Toia, et al., 2009. References: Barlow SE et al. (2007. Pediatrics, 120, 164–92. De Toia D, Klein D, Weber S, Wessely N, Koch B, Tokarski W, Dordel S, Strüder H, Graf C (2009. European Journal of Obesity, 2(4, 221–5. Zhu YC, Sheng K, Wu SK, Cairney J (2011. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(2, 801–7. Milanese C

  10. Arte Rupestre en el Karst de Ojo Guareña (Merindad de Sotoscueva-Burgos : trabajos de documentación y estudio en «La Sala de La Fuente»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan A. Gómez Barrera

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La amplia nómina de autores que firman el presente artículo dan forma al equipo multidisciplinar que en 1995 inició un ambicioso proyecto, subvencionado por la Junta de Castilla y León, denominado «Trabajos de Documentación y Estudio del Arte Rupestre en el Karst de Ojo Guareña». El avance de sus primeros trabajos está recogido en el siguiente texto y fue presentado al Primer Congreso de Arqueología Burgalesa (1998, mas, al no haberse publicado éste, sigue aún inédito. Su interés, y de forma especial la continuidad de la investigación, aconseja a los autores su edición en Espacio, Tiempo y Forma con vistas a una mayor difusión del proyecto y, con ello, a un mejor conocimiento de la grafía rupestre de las galerías subterráneas del norte de la provincia de Burgos.The wide number of researchers who sign the present añide joined in the multi-discipline team that started an ambitious project, which was sponsored by the regional authority: Junta de Castilla y León, called «Records and Research on Cave Art at the karst in Ojo Guareña». The deveiopment of thelr first researches Is shown in the present Ítem and it was also presented in the First Burgos Archaeology Congress (1998, although it is still unavailable since it has never been published. Both, the Importance of its contents and specially the continuity of the research led its authors to publish this article in Espacio, Tiempo y Forma so that the project could be widely known and, at the same time, provide a better knowledge of rock graphics in the underground galleries which can be found in the north of Burgos province.

  11. Nutrient inputs and hydrology together determine biogeochemical status of the Loire River (France): Current situation and possible future scenarios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garnier, Josette; Ramarson, Antsiva; Billen, Gilles; Théry, Sylvain; Thiéry, Dominique; Thieu, Vincent; Minaudo, Camille; Moatar, Florentina

    2018-05-10

    The Grafs-Seneque/Riverstrahler model was implemented for the first time on the Loire River for the 2002-2014 period, to explore eutrophication after improvement of wastewater treatments. The model reproduced the interannual levels and seasonal trends of the major water quality variables. Although eutrophication has been impressively reduced in the drainage network, a eutrophication risk still exists at the coast, as shown by the N-ICEP indicator, pointing out an excess of nitrogen over silica and phosphorus. From maximum biomass exceeding 120 μgChla l -1 in the 1980's, we observed decreasing maximum values from 80 to 30 μgChla l -1 during the period studied. Several scenarios were explored. Regarding nutrient point sources, a low wastewater treatment scenario, similar to the situation in the 1980's, was elaborated, representing much greater pollution than the reference period (2002-2014). For diffuse sources, two agricultural scenarios were elaborated for reducing nitrogen, one with a strict application of the agricultural directives and another investigating the impact of radical structural changes in agriculture and the population's diet. Although reduced, a risk of eutrophication would remain, even with the most drastic scenario. In addition, a pristine scenario, with no human activity within the basin, was devised to assess water quality in a natural state. The impact of a change in hydrology on the Loire biogeochemical functioning was also explored according to the effect of climate change by the end of the 21st century. The EROS hydrological model was used to force Riverstrahler, considering the most pessimistic SRES A2 scenario run with the ARPEGE model. Nutrient fluxes all decreased due to a >50% reduction in the average annual discharge, overall reducing the risk of coastal eutrophication, but worsening the water quality status of the river network. The Riverstrahler model could be useful to help water managers contend with future threats in the

  12. Evolution of a Directional Wave Spectrum in a 3D Marginal Ice Zone with Random Floe Size Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel, F.; Squire, V. A.

    2013-12-01

    A new ocean wave/sea-ice interaction model is proposed that simulates how a directional wave spectrum evolves as it travels through a realistic marginal ice zone (MIZ), where wave/ice dynamics are entirely governed by coherent conservative wave scattering effects. Field experiments conducted by Wadhams et al. (1986) in the Greenland Sea generated important data on wave attenuation in the MIZ and, particularly, on whether the wave spectrum spreads directionally or collimates with distance from the ice edge. The data suggest that angular isotropy, arising from multiple scattering by ice floes, occurs close to the edge and thenceforth dominates wave propagation throughout the MIZ. Although several attempts have been made to replicate this finding theoretically, including by the use of numerical models, none have confronted this problem in a 3D MIZ with fully randomised floe distribution properties. We construct such a model by subdividing the discontinuous ice cover into adjacent infinite slabs of finite width parallel to the ice edge. Each slab contains an arbitrary (but finite) number of circular ice floes with randomly distributed properties. Ice floes are modeled as thin elastic plates with uniform thickness and finite draught. We consider a directional wave spectrum with harmonic time dependence incident on the MIZ from the open ocean, defined as a continuous superposition of plane waves traveling at different angles. The scattering problem within each slab is then solved using Graf's interaction theory for an arbitrary incident directional plane wave spectrum. Using an appropriate integral representation of the Hankel function of the first kind (see Cincotti et al., 1993), we map the outgoing circular wave field from each floe on the slab boundaries into a directional spectrum of plane waves, which characterizes the slab reflected and transmitted fields. Discretizing the angular spectrum, we can obtain a scattering matrix for each slab. Standard recursive

  13. Cosmogenic Radionuclides in Antarctic Meteorites: Preliminary Results on Terrestrial Ages and Temporal Phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michlovich, E.; Vogt, S.; Wolf, S. F.; Elmore, D.; Lipschutz, M. E.

    1993-07-01

    the production rates for these radionuclides in this group of meteorites to be 18.2 +/- 2.3 and 58 +/- 13 dpm/kg respectively, consistent with production rates cited for falls [8]. Cosmic ray exposure ages using the ^10Be/^21Ne method outlined by Graf et al. [9] substantially agree with ages calculated from noble gases alone. Similar agreements are obtained between cosmic ray exposure ages based solely on noble gases and those calculated using ^26Al/^21Ne [9]. We calculated terrestrial ages using the secular equilibrium distribution for ^36Cl of 22.8 +/- 3.1 dpm/kg [10]. Our results are similar to those seen by Nishiizumi et al. [10], with a few ages ranging up to several hundred thousand years. It is worth noting that the Yamato meteorites measured in the present study, all of which happen to have been collected in the 1979 recovery effort ("Y79"), have a much older terrestrial age distribution (median age of 140 ka) than the Yamato distribution shown in [10]. We find it interesting that our Yamato age distribution is, however, consistent with the distribution of Y79 ages (median age, 110 ka) listed in [10], and that non-Y79 Yamato meteorites (median age in [10], 22 ka) seem to be responsible for a disproportionate number of the youngest Yamato meteorites. This possible collection area phenomenon is under investigation. Preliminary statistical analysis of the results using the preliminary terrestrial ages calculated here, trace-element data [3,4,11], and the methods elucidated in [2] is consistent with the notion that the meteorite flux sampled by the Earth has changed as a function of time. The latest results will be presented in Vail. References: [1] Koeberl C. and Cassidy W. A. (1991) GCA, 55, 3-18. [2] Lipschutz M. E. and Samuels S. M. (1991) GCA, 55, 19-34. [3] Wolf S. F. and Lipschutz M. E. (1992) LPS XXIII, 1545-1546. [4] Dodd R. T. et al. (1993) JGR, submitted. [5] Wetherill G. W. (1986) Nature, 319, 357-358. [6] Schultz L., personal communication. [7

  14. Competitive Balance in the Austrain, Czech, Hungarian and Ukranian Soccer Leagues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Šíma

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Competitive Balance in the Austrain, Czech, Hungarian and Ukranian Soccer Leagues This study deals with measuring and evaluating the static competitive balance in four chosen national soccer/football leagues. These are (in alphabetical order the premier leagues in the Austrian, Czech, Hungarian, and Ukrainian soccer/football divisions. Static balance shows how teams in the league tables of each year differ from each another. It is determined by a calculation of determinant divergences in the percentages of winnings. The results of this work provide graphic illustrations of the development of the competitive balance in the aforementioned contests over the latest forty-two years. They identify the development trend of this phenomenon. Of the contests studied, it is the Czech premier league which used to show the highest static balance. However, nowadays, the Austrian and Hungarian leagues are more balanced in the short term. On the contrary, it is the Ukrainian league which is the least balanced. There is an apparent longterm decline of competition balance within all of the analyzed competitions. However, this decline varies a lot within the group. Vyrovnanost soutěže v rakouské, české, maďarské a ukrajinské fotbalové lize Studie se zabývá měřením a vyhodnocením statické vyrovnanosti soutěže čtyř vybraných národních fotbalových lig. Těmito ligami (alfabeticky řazeno jsou česká, maďarská, rakouská a ukrajinská liga. Statická vyrovnanost vypovídá o tom, jak se od sebe lišily týmy v ligových tabulkách každého ročníku. Je stanovena pomocí výpočtu směrodatných odchylek v procentech výher. Výsledky této práce ukazují za pomoci grafů vývoj statické vyrovnanosti vybraných soutěží za posledních čtyřicet dva let. Určují vývojový trend tohoto fenoménu. Z vybraných soutěží vykazuje česká liga nejvyšší statickou vyrovnanost. Přesto jsou dnes rakouská a maďarská liga kr

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available I Wayan Arka, Malcolm Ross (eds; The many faces of Austronesian voice systems; Some new empirical studies (René van den Berg H.W. Dick; Surabaya, city of work; A socioeconomic history, 1900-2000 (Peter Boomgaard Josiane Cauquelin; The aborigines of Taiwan: the Puyuma; From headhunting to the modern world. (Wen-Teh Chen Mark Turner, Owen Podger (with Maria Sumardjono and Wayan K. Tirthayasa; Decentralisation in Indonesia; Redesigning the state (Dorian Fougères Jérôme Samuel; Modernisation lexicale et politique terminologique; Le cas de l’Indonésien (Arndt Graf Nicholas J. White; British business in post-colonial Malaysia, 1957-70: neo-colonialism or disengagement? (Karl Hack Chin Peng; Alias Chin Peng; My side of history; As told to Ian Ward and Norma Miraflor (Russell Jones C.C. Chin, Karl Hack (eds; Dialogues with Chin Peng; New light on the Malayan Emergency (Russell Jones Saw Swee-Hock; Population policies and programmes in Singapore (Santo Koesoebjono Domenyk Eades; A grammar of Gayo; A language of Aceh, Sumatra (Yuri A. Lander Derek Johnson, Mark Valencia (eds; Piracy in Southeast Asia; Status, issues, and responses (Carolyn Liss Niclas Burenhult; A grammar of Jahai (James A. Matisoff Ann R. Kinney, Marijke J. Klokke, Lydia Kieven (photographs by Rio Helmi; Worshiping Siva and Buddha; The temple art of East Java (Dick van der Meij Ruben Stoel; Focus in Manado Malay; Grammar, particles, and intonation (Don van Minde Pamela J. Stewart, Andrew Strathern (eds; Expressive genres and historical change; Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Taiwan. (Dianne van Oosterhout Johszua Robert Mansoben; Sistem politik tradisional di Irian Jaya, Indonesia; Studi perbandingan (Anton Ploeg Timothy B. Barnard (ed.; Contesting Malayness; Malay identities across boundaries (Nathan Porath Joel Bradshaw, Francisc Czobor (eds; Otto Dempwolff’s grammar of the Jabêm language in New Guinea (Ger Reesink

  16. Reliability of an e-PRO Tool of EORTC QLQ-C30 for Measurement of Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Breast Cancer: Prospective Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallwiener, Markus; Matthies, Lina; Simoes, Elisabeth; Keilmann, Lucia; Hartkopf, Andreas D; Sokolov, Alexander N; Walter, Christina B; Sickenberger, Nina; Wallwiener, Stephanie; Feisst, Manuel; Gass, Paul; Fasching, Peter A; Lux, Michael P; Wallwiener, Diethelm; Taran, Florin-Andrei; Rom, Joachim; Schneeweiss, Andreas; Graf, Joachim; Brucker, Sara Y

    2017-09-14

    differences were found in 27 of 30 single items and in 14 of 15 scales, whereas a statistically significant correlation in the test of consistency was found in all 30 single items and all 15 scales. The evaluated e-PRO version of the EORTC QLQ-C30 is reliable for patients with both adjuvant and metastatic breast cancer, showing a high correlation in almost all questions (and in many scales). Thus, we conclude that the validated paper-based PRO assessment and the e-PRO tool are equally valid. However, the reliability should also be analyzed in other prospective trials to ensure that usability is reliable in all patient groups. ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03132506; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03132506 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6tRcgQuou). ©Markus Wallwiener, Lina Matthies, Elisabeth Simoes, Lucia Keilmann, Andreas D Hartkopf, Alexander N Sokolov, Christina B Walter, Nina Sickenberger, Stephanie Wallwiener, Manuel Feisst, Paul Gass, Peter A Fasching, Michael P Lux, Diethelm Wallwiener, Florin-Andrei Taran, Joachim Rom, Andreas Schneeweiss, Joachim Graf, Sara Y Brucker. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 14.09.2017.

  17. Increased component safety through improved methods for residual stress analysis. Subprojects. Consideration of real component geometries (phase 1). Final report; Erhoehung der Komponentensicherheit durch verbesserte Verfahren zur Eigenspannungsanalyse. Teilvorhaben. Beruecksichtigung realer Komponentengeometrien (Phase 1). Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nau, Andreas; Scholtes, B.

    2014-07-24

    Residual stresses can be result in both detrimental as well as beneficial consequences on the component's strength and lifetime. A most detailed knowledge of the residual stress state is a pre-requisite for the assessment of the component's performance. The mechanical methods for residual stress measurements are classified in non-destructive, destructive and semi-destructive methods. The two commonly used (semi-destructive) mechanical methods are the hole drilling and the ring core method. In the context of reactor safety research of the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), two fundamental and interacting weak points of the hole drilling as well as of the ring core method are investigated. On the one hand, there are effects concerning geometrical boundary conditions of the components and on the other hand, there are influences of plasticity due to notch effects. Both aspects affect the released strain field, when the material is removed and finally, the calculated residual stresses. The first issue mentioned above is under the responsibility of Institute of Materials Engineering - Metallic Materials (Kassel University) and the last one will be investigated by University of Stuttgart-Otto-Graf-Institut - materials testing institute. Within the framework of this project it could be demonstrated that updated calibration coefficients lead to more reliable residual stress calculation in contrast to existing ones. These findings are valid for points of measurements on components without geometrical boundary effects like edges or shoulders. Reasons are high developed Finite-Element software packages and the opportunity of modelling the point of measurement (hole geometry, layout of the strain gauges) and its vicinity more in detail. Special challenges are multi-axial residual stress depth distributions and the geometry of components composing edges and claddings. Unlike existing analyses considering uni-axial and homogeneous stress states, bi

  18. EDITORIAL: Focus on Advances in Surface and Interface Science 2008 FOCUS ON ADVANCES IN SURFACE AND INTERFACE SCIENCE 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheffler, Matthias; Schneider, Wolf-Dieter

    2008-12-01

    Iori, K Sakamoto, H Narita, A Kimura, M Taniguchi, S Qiao, K Hasegawa, K Shimada, H Namatame and S Blügel Activated associative desorption of C + O → CO from Ru(001) induced by femtosecond laser pulses S Wagner, H Öström, A Kaebe, M Krenz, M Wolf, A C Luntz and C Frischkorn Surface structure of Sn-doped In2O3 (111) thin films by STM Erie H Morales, Yunbin He, Mykola Vinnichenko, Bernard Delley and Ulrike Diebold Coulomb oscillations in three-layer graphene nanostructures J Güttinger, C Stampfer, F Molitor, D Graf, T Ihn and K Ensslin Adsorption processes of hydrogen molecules on SiC(001), Si(001) and C(001) surfaces Xiangyang Peng, Peter Krüger and Johannes Pollmann Fermi surface nesting in several transition metal dichalcogenides D S Inosov, V B Zabolotnyy, D V Evtushinsky, A A Kordyuk, B Büchner, R Follath, H Berger and S V Borisenko Probing molecule-surface interactions through ultra-fast adsorbate dynamics: propane/Pt(111) A P Jardine, H Hedgeland, D Ward, Y Xiaoqing, W Allison, J Ellis and G Alexandrowicz A novel method achieving ultra-high geometrical resolution in scanning tunnelling microscopy R Temirov, S Soubatch, O Neucheva, A C Lassise and F S Tautz

  19. The impact of mixing lithologies in clast shape measurements on its discriminatory power - a case study from a temperate Alpine glacier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukas, S.; Coray, S.; Graf, A.; Schlüchter, C.

    2009-04-01

    power. Therefore, at each locality 50 clasts of the same lithology should be measured to allow a clear distinction of different transport paths. References Benn DI, Ballantyne CK. 1994. Reconstructing the transport history of glacigenic sediments: a new approach based on the co-variance of clast shape indices. Sedimentary Geology 91: 215-227. Bennett MR, Hambrey MJ, Huddart D. 1997. Modification of clast shape in high-arctic glacial environments. Journal of Sedimentary Research 67(3): 550-559. Demir T, Lukas S, Warburton J, Bridgland DR. 2009. A review of clast shape analysis. In: Bridgland DR. (ed). Clast lithological analysis. Technical Guide. Quaternary Research Association: London, in press. Lukas S, Coray S, Graf A, Schlüchter S. 2009. The influence of clast lithology and fluvial reworking on the reliability of clast shape measurements in glacial environments - a case study from a temperate Alpine glacier. In: Bridgland DR. (ed). Clast lithological analysis. Technical Guide. Quaternary Research Association: London, in press.

  20. Development of the curve of Spee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall, Steven D; Caspersen, Matthew; Hardinger, Rachel R; Franciscus, Robert G; Aquilino, Steven A; Southard, Thomas E

    2008-09-01

    Ferdinand Graf von Spee is credited with characterizing human occlusal curvature viewed in the sagittal plane. This naturally occurring phenomenon has clinical importance in orthodontics and restorative dentistry, yet we have little understanding of when, how, or why it develops. The purpose of this study was to expand our understanding by examining the development of the curve of Spee longitudinally in a sample of untreated subjects with normal occlusion from the deciduous dentition to adulthood. Records of 16 male and 17 female subjects from the Iowa Facial Growth Study were selected and examined. The depth of the curve of Spee was measured on their study models at 7 time points from ages 4 (deciduous dentition) to 26 (adult dentition) years. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare changes in the curve of Spee depth between time points. For each subject, the relative eruption of the mandibular teeth was measured from corresponding cephalometric radiographs, and its contribution to the developing curve of Spee was ascertained. In the deciduous dentition, the curve of Spee is minimal. At mean ages of 4.05 and 5.27 years, the average curve of Spee depths are 0.24 and 0.25 mm, respectively. With change to the transitional dentition, corresponding to the eruption of the mandibular permanent first molars and central incisors (mean age, 6.91 years), the curve of Spee depth increases significantly (P < 0.0001) to a mean maximum depth of 1.32 mm. The curve of Spee then remains essentially unchanged until eruption of the second molars (mean age, 12.38 years), when the depth increases (P < 0.0001) to a mean maximum depth of 2.17 mm. In the adolescent dentition (mean age, 16.21 years), the depth decreases slightly (P = 0.0009) to a mean maximum depth of 1.98 mm, and, in the adult dentition (mean age 26.98 years), the curve remains unchanged (P = 0.66), with a mean maximum depth of 2.02 mm. No significant differences in curve of Spee development were found between

  1. Shaping an Effective Health Information Website on Rare Diseases Using a Group Decision-Making Tool: Inclusion of the Perspectives of Patients, Their Family Members, and Physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babac, Ana; Litzkendorf, Svenja; Schmidt, Katharina; Pauer, Frédéric; Damm, Kathrin; Frank, Martin; Graf von der Schulenburg, Johann-Matthias

    2017-11-20

    ). Rankings and preference weights were highly heterogeneous. Global ranking positions of patients, family members, and physicians are shown in parentheses, as follows: medical issues (3/4, 4, 4), research (3/4, 2/3, 3), social help offers (1, 2/3, 2), and current events (2, 1, 1); diagnosis (6, 8, 9), therapy (5, 9, 7), general disease pattern (9, 4/5/6, 6), current studies (7, 4/5/6, 3), study results (8, 7, 8), registers (4, 1, 5), psychosocial counseling (1, 2, 4), self-help (3, 3, 2), and sociolegal advice (2, 4/5/6, 1). Differences were verified for patients for 5 information categories (P=.03), physicians for 6 information categories (P=.03), and family members for 4 information categories (P=.04). Our results offer a clear-cut information structure that can transparently translate group decisions into practice. Furthermore, we found different preference structures for rare disease information among patients, family members, and physicians. Some websites already address differences in comprehension between those subgroups. Similar to pharmaceutical companies, health information providers on rare diseases should also acknowledge different information needs to improve the accessibility of information. ©Ana Babac, Svenja Litzkendorf, Katharina Schmidt, Frédéric Pauer, Kathrin Damm, Martin Frank, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg. Originally published in the Interactive Journal of Medical Research (http://www.i-jmr.org/), 20.11.2017.

  2. Fourth Energy Symposium of the University of St. Gall - Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    -price calculator for consumers was presented and the structure of E-Control described. Results achieved in the period 2001-2006 were reviewed and the promotion of eco-power was discussed. Market-oriented unbundling was the theme chosen by Hans Jakob Graf, who illustrated this on the basis of developments in the Swiss regional utility ewl, which provides power and water in the Lucerne area. The transformation from a traditional public utility to a market-compatible provider of services is discussed. The tasks to be performed by the Swiss Cantons to facilitate the implementation of the power supply law were looked at by Fadri Ramming. These include assurance of supply and supervision of the utilities involved as well as their tariffs. Swiss energy perspectives for the year 2035 were presented and discussed by Martin Renggli. Security of supply, the '2000-watt society' vision, energy demands in general and assurance of electricity supply were discussed. Finally, Rainer Bacher presented a contribution concerning the question if parallel grids would need to be constructed as a consequence of electricity market liberalisation

  3. Greetings from the Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hosein Ebrahimzadeh

    2014-09-01

    , Prof. Pietro Ruggieri from Rissuli Insitiu, Bleona, Italy, Prof. Javad Parvizi from Rothman Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Prof. Mudgal from Harvard University, Boston, MA, and Prof Reinhard Graf from Allgemeines und Orthopädisches LKH Stolzalpe, Austria and Prfo. Hadi Makhmalbaf from Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran (1-6. Iranian literature in orthopedics goes back to the time of Razi (Rhazes, who was the first to design guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of the osteoarticular tuberculosis, diagnosis and managemet of fractures and dislocations (7. We, as Iranian Orthopedic Community, have a long way to run to reach to the level of becoming a global reference in medicine over the 21st century. Finally I wish this journal could build a network of clinical orthopedic scientists, biomedical orthopedic scientists, and orthopedic societies to join and share their ideas, evidences, techniques and results for a better care of orthopedic patients around the world. This collaboration will melt the ice that may have surrounded the human community, to understand more about each others and to help as much as possible. Stated by Prof. Jesse Jupiter in his Editoral for inauguration of ABJS “I am very confident that this Journal will permit others to have a window into the advances being made by Iranian Orthopedic surgeons as well as providing a platform for others to contribute their own knowledge and ideas. In a small way, this Journal will serve to continue efforts to expand our global Orthopedic Surgical community and serve to stimulate our political leaders to do likewise.”(1.

  4. El modelado autobiográfico en Dos Poemas de Rosario Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilda Luongo Morales

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo sobre Rosario Castellanos propone una aproximación de lectura que pretende indagar en la problemática autobiográfica presente en la creación poética de la autora mexicana. Se revisa entonces el corpus desde los tres elementos que propone Olney: autos, bios y grafé, intentando descubrir las especificidades del discurso poético en Castellanos. Esta lectura parte de algunos supuestos teóricos relativos a la crítica y teoría latinoamericana producida por mujeres, algunas de ellas feministas. En esta línea se indaga en la construcción de las subjetividades e identidades femeninas presentes en la creación verbal poética de Castellanos, haciendo uso del dispositivo de género como herramienta conceptual y de análisis. Intenta articular a su vez la producción teórica que ha indagado en la creación de la escritura autobiográfica y las distintas propuestas para trabajar dicha práctica en su especificidad. Estos constructos teóricos y la aplicación del modelo de lectura propuesto por Jauss desde la teoría de la recepción, están en la base del análisis y la interpretación del díptico Dos Poemas. Este díptico pertenece al poemario De la vigilia estéril. Una selección de dicho poemario aparece en la antología, que reúne la mayor parte de la creación poética de la escritora, Poesía no eres tú, publicada en el año 1972 en México.   This article about Rosario Castellanos proposes a reading approach that intends to inquire into the autobiographical problematics present in the poetical work of the Mexican author. Whith this purpose, the 'corpus' is revised from the viewpoint of the three elements established by Olney: 'autos', 'bios' and graphe', with the intention of defining the specificity of the poetical discourse. This particular reading starts from some theoretical givens relating to Latin American theory and critique produced by women, some of them feminists. In this line, the construction of femenine

  5. Uso e conhecimento ortográfico no transtorno específico da leitura Orthographic knowledge and use in children with dyslexia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosana Siqueira Dias

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar como escolares com Transtorno Específico de Leitura (TLE aplicam em suas escritas a regra de correspondência fono-grafêmica independente do contexto e como identificam e analisam os erros que produzem na escrita, segundo as variáveis: freqüência de aparecimento do item lingüístico e a série do escolar. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados e comparados os erros de escrita obtida a partir de ditado de palavras de alta e baixa freqüência e pseudopalavras, de escolares de 1ª a 4ª série da rede particular de ensino fundamental. Avaliaram-se 56 escolares: 28 com TLE constituíram o grupo pesquisa e 28 sem queixas ou alterações, pareados por idade, sexo e série, o grupo de comparação. Justificativas dos erros e acertos de escrita foram gravadas e comparadas. RESULTADOS: Os escolares do grupo pesquisa mostraram pior desempenho quando comparados com o de comparação. Além disso, observou-se diminuição dos erros, conforme a progressão da escolaridade, principalmente na escrita de palavras de alta freqüência. Os escolares do grupo pesquisa apresentaram maior dificuldade em analisar os itens lingüísticos escritos e reconhecer as escritas corretas. CONCLUSÕES: As crianças com transtorno específico de leitura apresentaram maior dificuldade em escrever e analisar a escrita de ortografia transparente. O efeito da freqüência do item lingüístico facilitou a identificação do erro. Nesse grupo de escolares os erros diminuíram com a progressão das séries e variaram conforme o item lingüístico.PURPOSE: To investigate how children with dyslexia use the phonographemic correspondence rule in their writing regardless of context and how they identify and analyze their writing mistakes according to the variables: frequency of occurrence of the linguistic item and school grade. METHODS: The writing errors observed on a task of dictation of high- and low-frequency words and pseudowords were analyzes and compared. Fifty

  6. Uso contínuo de herbicidas em citrus (Citrus sinensis (L Osbeck, I - efeitos no controle de plantas daninhas Continous use of herbicides in citros (Citrus sinensis (L. Osbeck. I - effects on weed control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Victoria Filho

    1991-01-01

    citrus orchard, graf ted on 'Limão-Cravo' (Citrus Limonia Osbeck. Kandon blocks experimental design with 12 treatments and 4 replicates was used. The treatments and herbicide application rates (kg/ha were : terbacil at 3.2 sima zine at 4.0; ametryne + secbumetone at 4,5; dichlobeni l at 5.0; diuron at 3,2; bromacil at 3.2; bromacil at 3.2; bromacil + diuron at 3.2; paraqua t at 0.6; glyphosate at 1.61 and MSMA at 1.77 , and two cont rol plots manually til led, one year ly and the other whenever weeds covered 25% of the plot. The orchard was planted in may 1975, and the first herbicide application was done in october 1977. The area of each plot was 54 m2 (3.0 x 18.0 m with 4 plants per plot. The last herbicide application was done in 1982. The effect of the treatments on weed control was evaluated through species couting and also visually. The herbicides used showed control ranging from acceptable to excellent, depending on the specific weed composition in the plot. The herbicides with best weed cont rol index as well as longer residual effects were bromacil + diuron, diuron bromacil, ametryne + secbumetone and terbacil. Among the post-emergency her bicides the best indexes were obtained with glyphosa te and paraquat.

  7. Survey on Cosmogenic 26Al in Lewis Cliff Meteorites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welten, K. C.; Alderliesten, C.; Lindner, L.

    1992-07-01

    levels of 56 +- 7 and 60 +- 7 for H and L chondrites, respectively [3], range up to 800 ka with an average of about 290 ka. Altogether this may indicate that the Lewis Cliff blue-ice region is a relatively old meteorite stranding area. This is supported by preliminary conclusions based on ^36Cl, measured in 8 Lewis Cliff meteorites [4]. However, it is likely that some of our terrestrial ages have been overestimated due to (i) lower ^26Al saturation values for meteorites with preatmospheric radii less than 20 cm [3] and (ii) low exposure ages, resulting in initial ^26Al levels below 90-95% of the saturation level. These effects make individual terrestrial age determinations solely based on ^26Al content speculative as long as additional cosmogenic nuclide data are lacking. Dramatic changes in the overall picture are not expected, because (i) we have measured relatively large samples with an average recovered weight of about 500 g (one 11-kg sample excluded) and (ii) anomalously low exposure ages occur in about only 5% of the cases [5,6]. Possible correlations between terrestrial age and place of find will be discussed. UNUSUAL EXPOSURE HISTORIES: We excluded samples with extremely low NTL (financial support from the "Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek" (NWO). References: 1. Komura K. et al. (1982) Mem. NIPR Spec. Issue 25, 178-187; 2. Evans J.C. and Reeves J.H. (1987) EPSL 82, 223-230; 3. Vogt S. (1990) LPI Tech. Rpt. 90-05, 112-118; 4. Nishizumi K. et al. (1991) Meteoritics 26 (abs.), 380; 5. Graf Th. and Marti K. (1990) Lunar Planet. Sci. XXI, 431-432; 6. Schultz L., Weber H.W. and Begemann F. (1991) GCA 55, 59-66; 7. Benoit P.H. et al. (1990) Ant. J. of the U.S. 25 (Rev.), 47-49.

  8. Trophic systems and chorology: data from shrews, moles and voles of Italy preyed by the barn owl / Sistemi trofici e corologia: dati su Soricidae, Talpidae ed Arvicolidae d'Italia predati da Tyto alba (Scopoli 1769

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Longino Contoli

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract In small Mammals biogeography, available data are up to now by far too scanty for elucidate the distribution of a lot of taxa, especially with regard to the absence from a given area. In this respect, standardized quantitative sampling techniques, like Owl pellets analysis can enable not only to enhance faunistic knowledges, but also to estimate the actual absence probability of a given taxon "m", lacking from the diet of an individual raptor. For the last purpose, the relevant frequencies of "m" in the other ecologically similar sites of the same raptor species diets are averaged ($f_m$ : the relevant standard error (multiplicated by a coefficient, according to the desired degree of accuracy, in relation of the integral of probabilities subtracted ($overline{F}_m - a E$: then, the probability that a single specimen is not pertaining to "m" is obtained ($P_0 = 1 - F_m + a E$; lastly, the desiderate accuracy probability ($P_d$ is chosen. Now, "$N_d$" (the number of individuals of all prey species in a single site needed for obtain, with the desired probability, a specimen at least of "m" is obtained through $$N = frac{ln P_d}{ln P_0}$$ Obviously, every site-diet with more than "N" preyed individuals and without any "i" specimen is considered to be lacking of such taxon. A "usefulness index" for the above purposes is outlined and checked about three raptors. Some exanples about usefulness of the Owl pellet analysis method in biogeography are given, concerning Tyto alba diets in peninsular Italy about: - Sorex minutus, lacking in some quite insulated areas; - Sorex araneus (sensu stricto, after GRAF et al., 1979, present also in lowland areas in Emilia-Romagna; - Crocidura suaveolens and - Suncus etruscus, present also in the southermost part of Calabria (Reggio province; - Talpa caeca, present also in the Antiapennines of Latium (Cimini mounts; - Talpa romana

  9. Increased component safety through improved methods for residual stress analysis. Subprojects. Consideration of real component geometries (phase 1). Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nau, Andreas; Scholtes, B.

    2014-01-01

    Residual stresses can be result in both detrimental as well as beneficial consequences on the component's strength and lifetime. A most detailed knowledge of the residual stress state is a pre-requisite for the assessment of the component's performance. The mechanical methods for residual stress measurements are classified in non-destructive, destructive and semi-destructive methods. The two commonly used (semi-destructive) mechanical methods are the hole drilling and the ring core method. In the context of reactor safety research of the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), two fundamental and interacting weak points of the hole drilling as well as of the ring core method are investigated. On the one hand, there are effects concerning geometrical boundary conditions of the components and on the other hand, there are influences of plasticity due to notch effects. Both aspects affect the released strain field, when the material is removed and finally, the calculated residual stresses. The first issue mentioned above is under the responsibility of Institute of Materials Engineering - Metallic Materials (Kassel University) and the last one will be investigated by University of Stuttgart-Otto-Graf-Institut - materials testing institute. Within the framework of this project it could be demonstrated that updated calibration coefficients lead to more reliable residual stress calculation in contrast to existing ones. These findings are valid for points of measurements on components without geometrical boundary effects like edges or shoulders. Reasons are high developed Finite-Element software packages and the opportunity of modelling the point of measurement (hole geometry, layout of the strain gauges) and its vicinity more in detail. Special challenges are multi-axial residual stress depth distributions and the geometry of components composing edges and claddings. Unlike existing analyses considering uni-axial and homogeneous stress states, bi

  10. Sedimentary connection between rock glaciers and torrential channels: definition, inventory and quantification from a test area in the south-western Swiss Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kummert, Mario; Barboux, Chloé; Delaloye, Reynald

    2017-04-01

    order to validate these estimations, the resulting sediment transfer rates are compared to transfer rates calculated from repeated terrestrial LiDAR surveys on selected study cases. This contribution presents results from the application of this methodology in a test study area in the south-western Swiss Alps. The methodology reveals itself suitable to identify rock glaciers connected to the torrential network. For each of the detected rock glaciers, an estimation of the sediment yield is proposed. The transfer rates range from tens of cubic meters per year for some slow moving and/or partially connected landforms, to several thousands of cubic meters per year. References: Delaloye R. (2004). Contribution à l'étude du pergélisol de montagne en zone marginale. GeoFocus vol. 10, Thèse, Département de Géosciences/Géographie, Université de Fribourg. Delaloye, R., Lambiel, C., Gärtner-Roer, I. (2010). Overview of rock glacier kinematics research in the Swiss Alps. Seasonal rhythm, interannual variations and trends over several decades. Geogr. Helv., 65: 2, 135-145. Delaloye, R., Morard, S., Barboux, C., Abbet, D., Gruber, V., Riedo, M. & Gachet, S. (2013). Rapidly moving rock glaciers in Mattertal. In: Graf, C. (Eds). Mattertal - ein Tal in Bewegung. Publikation zur Jahrestagung der Schweizerischen Geomorphologischen Gesellschaft 29. Juni - 1. Juli 2011, St. Niklaus, Birmensdorf, Eidg. Forschungsanstalt WSL, 113 - 124. Gärtner-Roer, I. (2012). Sediment transfer rates of two active rockglaciers in the Swiss Alps. Geomorphology, 167-168, 45-50. Lugon, R. & Stoffel, M. (2010). Rock glacier dynamics and magnitude-frequency relations of debris flows in a high-elevation watershed : Ritigraben, Swiss Alps. Global and Planetary Change, 73, 202-210.

  11. Contrail Cirrus Forecasts for the ML-CIRRUS Experiment and Some Comparison Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumann, Ulrich; Graf, Kaspar; Bugliaro, Luca; Dörnbrack, Andreas; Giez, Andreas; Jurkat, Tina; Kaufmann, Stefan; Krämer, Martina; Minikin, Andreas; Schäfler, Andreas; Voigt, Christiane; Wirth, Martin; Zahn, Andreas; Ziereis, Helmut

    2015-04-01

    Model simulations with the contrail cirrus prediction model CoCiP driven by numerical weather prediction (NWP) data provided from the European Centre for Medium Range Forecasts (ECMWF) and global aircraft waypoint data show a mean computed cover (for optical depth larger than 0.1) of 0.23% globally, and 5.4% over mid Europe (Schumann and Graf, JGR, 2013). The computed mean longwave radiative forcing (RF) reaches 3 W m-2 over mid Europe (10°W-20°E and 40°N-55°N), and 0.13 W m-2 globally. The global net RF is about 40-60% smaller because of compensating shortwave cooling induced by contrails during daytime. The results depend on several model details such as the number of ice particles forming from aircraft soot emissions, the contrail plume dispersion, ice particle sedimentation etc., all influencing contrail life time and their optical properties. The quantitative results depend also strongly on ambient relative humidity, vertical motion and on ice water content of other cirrus predicted by the NWP model. In order to test and possibly improve this and other contrail models, high-quality observations are needed to which multi-parameter model output can be compared. The Mid-Latitude Cirrus Experiment ML-CIRRUS was performed (see C. Voigt et al., this conference) with a suite of in-situ and Lidar instruments for airborne measurements on the research aircraft HALO. Before and during the mission, CoCiP was run daily to provide 3-days forecasts of contrail cover using operational ECMWF forecasts and historical traffic data. CoCiP forecast output was made available in an internet tool twice a day for experiment planning. The one-day and two-day contrail forecasts often showed only small differences. Still, most recent forecasts and detailed satellite observations results were transmitted via satellite link to the crew for onboard campaign optimization. After the campaign, a data base of realistic air traffic data has been setup from various sources, and CoCiP was

  12. Micro perspectives for decentralized energy supply. Proceedings of the international conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schaefer, Martina; Kebir, Noara; Philipp, Daniel (eds.)

    2011-07-01

    criteria analysis for sustainability assessments of electricity generation systems in a rural community in South Africa (B. Amigun); (17) Comparative Analysis between grid extension and decentralized solutions for rural electrification - case study: Sofala Province in Mozambique (J. Graf); (18) A mathematical approach for the analysis of energy scenarios for production in India (A. Fuegenschuh); (19) Changing behaviour: Individual energy use, strategic behavioural niche management and decentralised energy conservation in the UK (D.S. Theiss); (20) Local acceptance of wind energy: A comparison between Germany, Argentina and Spain (M. Jimeno); (21) Rural electrification in developing countries: Social acceptance of small photovoltaic lanterns in Ethiopia (H. Mueggenberg); (22) Taking the user's perspective regarding knowledge on solar home systems in Uganda (A. Tillmans); (23) Micro-energy systems in low-income countries: Learning to articulate the solar home system niche in Tanzania (R. Byrne); (24) Quality issues in the marked based dissemination of solar home systems (K. Lindner); (25) Introducing integrated food-energy systems that work for people and climate (A. Bagdanski); (26) Development of adaptive technologies in the project biogas support for Tanzania 'Biogas ST' (P. Becker); (27) Hydrothermal carbonization as innovative technology in sustainable sanitation in Tanzania (A. Krause); (28) Small hydropower in rural Uganda (M.S. Abbo); (29) Presenting automatic demand control (ADC) as a new frequency control method in smart grids (M.T. Ameli); (30) Capitalizing on the asset nature of micro energy systems to promote social transformation in economically marginalized and structurally neglected rural areas of Kenya (R. Mutsaers); (31) Developing microfinance models to facilitate adoption of biogas systems in rural Northwest China (G. Harris); (32) Microfinancing decentralized solar energy systems in India: Experiences of rural banks and the way forward (S

  13. Obituary: Michael John Klein, 1940-2005

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulkis, Samuel

    2006-12-01

    Michael John Klein died on 14 May 2005 at home in South Pasadena, California. The cause of death was tongue cancer that metastasized to the lungs. He was a non-smoker. Mike was a passionate radio astronomer, a trusted astronomical observer, an educator and a family man. Mike was born on 19 January 1940 in Ames, Iowa, the son of Florence Marie (Graf) and Fred Michael Klein. His mother was a homemaker, and his father was a banker. Mike had two older sisters, Lois Jean (Klein) Flauher and Marilyn June (Klein) Griffin. In 1962, Mike married his high school sweetheart Barbara Dahlberg, who survives him along with their three children, Kristin Marie (Klein) Shields, Michael John Klein Jr., Timothy Joel Klein, and six grandchildren. Mike developed a love for astronomy early in his life, and credited an early morning, newspaper-delivery route that he had at age twelve, which took him outside well before sunrise. He told family members that as he walked along his route, he stared into the sky and wondered what everything was. He studied sky charts, located stars, and began to understand how the planets shifted their positions relative to the stars each day. Another big influence in Mike's life was his brother in-law, Jim Griffin. Jim helped Mike understand that his passion for science did not have to remain a hobby, but could and should become a career. Jim's encouragement led Mike to attend Iowa State University in Ames, where he earned a BS in electrical engineering in 1962. Mike then started graduate school in electrical engineering at Michigan State, but after one semester transferred to the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he earned an MS (1966) and PhD (1968) in astronomy. His doctoral dissertation, under the direction of Professor Fred Haddock, was based on extensive observations of the planets and examined the physical and thermal properties of planetary atmospheres and surfaces. Mike was awarded a Resident Research Associate position at JPL by the National

  14. The Orbital Distribution of Earth-crossing Asteroids and Meteoroids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benoit, P. H.; Sears, D. W. G.

    1993-07-01

    meteorites have different orbital distributions [8]. References: [1] Steel D. I. et al. (1991) Mon. R. Astron. Soc., 251, 632-648. [2] Wolf S. F. and Lipschutz M. E. (1992) Meteoritics, 27, 308. [3] Benoit P. H. et al. (1991) Icarus, 94, 311-325. [4] Benoit P. H. and Sears D. W. G. (1993) LPS XXIV, 95- 96. [5] Wetherill G. W. and ReVelle D. O. (1981) Icarus, 48, 308- 328. [6] Williams J. G. (1975) JGR, 80, 2914-2916. [7] Galibina I. V. and Terent'eva A. K. (1987) Solar Sys. Res., 21, 160-166. [8] Graf Th. and Marti K. (1991) LPS XXII, 473-474.

  15. Chapter 3: Evaluating the impacts of carbonaceous aerosols on clouds and climate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menon, Surabi; Del Genio, Anthony D.

    2007-09-03

    Any attempt to reconcile observed surface temperature changes within the last 150 years to changes simulated by climate models that include various atmospheric forcings is sensitive to the changes attributed to aerosols and aerosol-cloud-climate interactions, which are the main contributors that may well balance the positive forcings associated with greenhouse gases, absorbing aerosols, ozone related changes, etc. These aerosol effects on climate, from various modeling studies discussed in Menon (2004), range from +0.8 to -2.4 W m{sup -2}, with an implied value of -1.0 W m{sup -2} (range from -0.5 to -4.5 W m{sup -2}) for the aerosol indirect effects. Quantifying the contribution of aerosols and aerosol-cloud interactions remain complicated for several reasons some of which are related to aerosol distributions and some to the processes used to represent their effects on clouds. Aerosol effects on low lying marine stratocumulus clouds that cover much of the Earth's surface (about 70%) have been the focus of most of prior aerosol-cloud interaction effect simulations. Since cumulus clouds (shallow and deep convective) are short lived and cover about 15 to 20% of the Earth's surface, they are not usually considered as radiatively important. However, the large amount of latent heat released from convective towers, and corresponding changes in precipitation, especially in biomass regions due to convective heating effects (Graf et al. 2004), suggest that these cloud systems and aerosol effects on them, must be examined more closely. The radiative heating effects for mature deep convective systems can account for 10-30% of maximum latent heating effects and thus cannot be ignored (Jensen and Del Genio 2003). The first study that isolated the sensitivity of cumulus clouds to aerosols was from Nober et al. (2003) who found a reduction in precipitation in biomass burning regions and shifts in circulation patterns. Aerosol effects on convection have been included in

  16. Is DDH still a problem?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinhard Graf

    2014-03-01

    clinical signs?   First conclusion Clinical examination is good, but has a lot of problems. We cannot solve the problem only with manually examination of risk babies, we need EVIDENCE! We must look for a method, which is objective with measurable results, which is reproducible, independent from doctor`s experience and skill, without radiation and with low costs.   The solution is Hip Sonography! We introduced this technique in 1980s and developed continuously in the last 30 years (3. In many European countries with a high standard of the common health system (e.g Germany, Austria, Switzerland etc. all babies will be checked after birth sonographically by Graf technique.   The screening is a very effective method Diagnosis and treatment, if necessary, within the first 5 weeks reduce the operation rate (open reductions, acetabularplasties as well as head necrosis clearly and shorten the time for conservative treatment (4. The costs for ultrasound-screening and the treatment together are one third cheaper than the treatment cost alone before introduction of ultrasound-screening (5.   Where are the problems and how to solve them? 1- Methodical problems The method was developed continuously and we learned from our mistakes. It is frustrating to see “modified” techniques in some other countries with the same mistakes we have done 20 years ago. Statements like “Ultrasound leads to over diagnose” or “not all dislocated hips can be detected by sonography” are based on “modified” techniques. These techniques are forbidden in Europe.   2- Teaching and learning curve In our countries we have restrict rules, who can do hip sonography? the doctors need a certificate after training courses by authorized teacher. The qualities of the sonograms are controlled by a special commission.   3- To screen or not to screen” is not the question, it`s politics! With hip sonography, the doctors in our countries cannot earn much money, but it must be clear to us, that it is a

  17. Chemical composition of the semi-volatile grains of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurz, Peter; Altwegg, Kathrin; Balsiger, Hans; Berthelier, Jean-Jacques; Bieler, André; Calmonte, Ursina; De Keyser, Johan; Fiethe, Björn; Fuselier, Stefan; Gasc, Sébastien; Gombosi, Tamas; Jäckel, Annette; Korth, Axel; Le Roy, Lena; Mall, Urs; Rème, Henri; Rubin, Martin; Tzou, Chia-Yu

    2017-04-01

    grain is completely evaporated in such an ion source after a few 100 seconds, the RTOF instrument is best suited for the investigation of its chemical composition since several complete mass spectra are recorded during this time. The rate of dust grains recorded in RTOF is small, and we report on the collection and analysis of 9 dust grains during the October 2014 to July 2016 time period. It is estimated that these grains contain about 1E-15 g of volatiles, which would correspond to a grain of the order of 100 nm in size if made up of volatiles alone. We fitted the recorded mass spectra of RTOF with a set of 61 molecules, and their molecular fragments resulting from the ionisation. The major groups of chemical species are hydrocarbons, oxygenated hydrocarbons, nitrogen-bearing molecules, sulphur-bearing molecules, halogenated molecules and others (including water and CO2). About 70% of these grains are depleted in water compared to the comet coma, thus, can be considered as semi-volatile dust grains, and the other about 30% are water grains. The mineral phase of these grains, if there is any, cannot be investigated in these measurements. However, in an earlier investigation the bulk composition of mineral grains on the surface of the comet was inferred from solar wind sputtering of these grains (Wurz et al., 2015). H. Balsiger, K. Altwegg, P. Bochsler, P. Eberhardt, J. Fischer, S. Graf, A. Jäckel, E. Kopp, U. Langer, M. Mildner, J. Müller, T. Riesen, M. Rubin, S. Scherer, P. Wurz, S. Wüthrich, E. Arijs, S. Delanoye, J. De Keyser, E. Neefs, D. Nevejans, H. Rème, C. Aoustin, C. Mazelle, J.-L. Médale, J.A. Sauvaud, J.-J. Berthelier, J.-L. Ber-taux, L. Duvet, J.-M. Illiano, S.A. Fuselier, A.G. Ghielmetti, T. Magoncelli, E.G. Shelley, A. Korth, K. Heerlein, H. Lauche, S. Livi, A. Loose, U. Mall, B. Wilken, F. Gliem, B. Fiethe, T.I. Gombosi, B. Block, G.R. Carignan, L.A. Fisk, J.H. Waite, D.T. Young, and H. Wollnik, ROSINA - Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and

  18. Novel ideas for maximising dew collection to aid plant establishment to combat desertification and restore degraded dry and arid lands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotzen, Benz

    2014-05-01

    and numerous studies have been undertaken to investigate past so-called dew collectors and to research the possibilities of using new ones. Most of the historical dew collectors have been disputed as dew collection devices. (Beysens et al 2006, Beysens et al in Kogan and Trahtman 2006, Graf et al 2008.) However, contemporary dew collection has proven possible in those areas that have dew fall. It is generally agreed by researchers, such as Sharan and Beysens in 2007 and Jacobs et al in 2008 after Monteith (1957) that the theoretical maximum dew yield is in the order of 0.8 l/m2/day. Although the exact maximum has never been defined the amounts can yet be significant. However, In most cases the investigations of dew supply in areas where dew is known to precipitate has been undertaken with inclined roof like planar surfaces. However, erecting these planes in remote areas and within difficult terrain makes this kind of collector impractical. Additionally such planar surfaces demand space on the ground which then diminishes the areas of restoration and large collectors require additional plumbing to distribute water to the plants themselves. Thus in order to better supply dew to plants other forms are required. This paper discusses the various ideas and concepts that have been developed for dew collection that have emerged on the market and the novel ideas that have been initiated by the author. The research undertaken investigates biomimetic forms which emulate plant forms such as various cacti and succulents investigating their ability to increase surface area as well as releasing heat like a radiator. Additionally other spiky, needle like forms are investigated as well as animal forms, such as the surface of the Stenocara gracilipes Namibian beetle which collects fog. The research initiated a new strategy for dew collection dividing dew collectors into two types: 1) Passive dew collectors, where nightly collection and delivery is achieved without people, and 2) Semi

  19. El maestro José Francisco Socarrás. Biografía, recuerdos y recuentos!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Sánchez Medina

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available

    “Siempre que se escribe de la historia
    de un hombre, quedan hechos incógnitos”

    “Quien escribe historia y participa en ella no está
    exento de subjetividades y parcializaciones”

    Palabras introductorias
    Para mí es un honor y una gratificación íntima el ser yo quien hoy se dirige a ustedes como coordinador de este homenaje. A todos los presentes les agradezco su presencia. En nombre de la familia Socarrás hago entrega oficial del bello óleo, del maestro Leonel Torres residente en USA. Lamento que por motivos ajenos a mi voluntad no se pueda entregar el libro de la Bio-grafía del Maestro Socarrás. En el mes de febrero próximo saldrá editado por la Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia en Tunja, gracias también a la Academia Boyacense de Historia y a su cabeza el Doctor Javier Ocampo Lópcz. Espero poder ofrecer la obra en un futuro próximo, quien le interese puede comunicarse con la Secretaría de la Academia Nacional de Medicina.

    José Francisco Socarrás nació en Valledupar (Cesar el martes 5 de noviembre de 1907 y murió en Bogotá el jueves 23 de marzo de 1995. (2

    Etimología del apellido Socarrás.
    Genealogía e historiografía

    Etimológicamente el apellido Socarrás proviene del árabe: “soco” y “ras”; soco: plaza de mercado o plaza principal; y ras: cabeza. Lo que significa cabeza de la plaza principal o mercado.

    El apellido, relata el profesor José Francisco Socarrás, viene por Evaristo Socarrás, proveniente de una población importante de Coro, Venezuela, quien se casó con Josefa Meriño en Riohacha y por segunda vez en La Paz, una población cercana a Valledupar.

    Su padre fue el General Sabas Socarrás, quien peleó en los tres años de guerra civil a principios de

  20. Third workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P. (eds.)

    1977-12-15

    (Lloyd's Bank of California), Stephen Lipman (Union Oil), Mark Mathisen (PG&E), Patrick Muffler (USGS-MP), and Mark Silverman (DOE-SAN); and to the rapporteurs: George Frye (Aminoil), Vasel Roberts (Electrical Power Research Institute), and Alexander Graf (LBL), whose Valuable summaries are included in the Proceedings. Special thanks are also due Roland Horne, Visiting Professor from New Zealand and Program Manager of the Stanford Geothermal Program, for his efforts with the Program graduate students in conducting the Workshop. Further thanks go to Marion Wachtel, who in spite of tremendous personal hardship, administered the Workshop and prepared the Proceedings in a timely and professional manner. Professor Ramey and I also express our appreciation to the Department of Energy, whose financial support of the Workshop made possible the program and these Proceedings. Paul Kruger Stanford University December 31, 1977

  1. PREFACE: Strongly correlated electron systems Strongly correlated electron systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saxena, Siddharth S.; Littlewood, P. B.

    2012-07-01

    modulations in the precursor region of FeGeH Wilhelm, M Baenitz, M Schmidt, C Naylor, R Lortz, U K Rößler, A A Leonov and A N Bogdanov Antiferromagnetism in metals: from the cuprate superconductors to the heavy fermion materialsSubir Sachdev, Max A Metlitski and Matthias Punk Superconducting gap structure of the 115s revisitedF Ronning, J-X Zhu, Tanmoy Das, M J Graf, R C Albers, H B Rhee and W E Pickett Nonmagnetic ground states and phase transitions in the caged compounds PrT2Zn20 (T = Ru, Rh and Ir)T Onimaru, K T Matsumoto, N Nagasawa, Y F Inoue, K Umeo, R Tamura, K Nishimoto, S Kittaka, T Sakakibara and T Takabatake New universality class of quantum criticality in Ce- and Yb-based heavy fermionsShinji Watanabe and Kazumasa Miyake

  2. Countdown for the Cluster quartet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    then become the official designations of the satellites. Where to witness the first launch in Europe. On 15 July media representatives are invited to cover the launch from various sites in Europe. ESA will broadcast the launch live, with images from Baikonur and ESA's Operations Centre ESOC in Darmstadt, Germany. ESA programme officials and spokespersons will be on hand at each site for interviews. European Press Centre, Germany: Location: ESA/ ESOC Address: Robert-Bosch Strasse 5, Darmstadt, Germany Opening hours: 13:30 -17:30 Contact point: Jocelyne Landeau-Constantin Tel. + 49 6151 90 2696/ 2459 Fax. + 49 6151 90 2961 France Location: ESA Headquarters Address: 8-10 rue Mario Nikis, 75015 Paris, France Opening hours: 13:30- 17:30 Contact point: Anne-Marie Rémondin Tel. + 33 1 5369 7155 Fax. + 33 1 5369 7690 The Netherlands Location: Noordwijk Space Expo Address: Keplerlaan 3, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Opening hours: 13:30 - 17:30 Contact point: Heidi Graf Tel. (till 14/07): + 31 71 565 3006 on launch date at Noordwijk Space Expo, tel.: + 31 71 364 6446 Fax.: + 31 71 565 5728 Italy Location: ESA/ESRIN Address: Via G. Galilei, Frascati (Rome), Italy Opening hours: 13:30- 17:30 Contact point: Franca Morgia Tel. + 39 06 9418 0951 Fax. +39 06 9418 0952 Spain: Location ESA/VILSPA Satellite Station Address: Villafranca del Castillo, Madrid Opening hours: 13:30-17:30 Contact point: Fany Peña Tel + 34 91 813 1211 Fax. +34 91 813 1212 Media representatives wishing to attend the launch event from any of the sites, are kindly requested to fill out the attached reply form and fax it back to the contact point at the site they have chosen. The live launch video transmission will be available in analogue (PAL) and digital (MPEG-2) format, via satellite. There will be different language versions plus clean, international audio. The exact times of the transmission and the satellite parameters will be posted as from 10 July on the Internet at http://television.esa.int. The launch of

  3. The Self-Correlation Function of Real Gases; Fonction d'Autocorrelation des Gaz Reels; 0424 0423 041d 041a 0426 0418 042f 0421 0410 041c 041e 041a 041e 0420 0420 0415 041b 042f 0426 0418 0418 0420 0415 0410 041b 042c 041d 042b 0425 0413 0410 0417 041e 0412 ; La Funcion de Autocorrelacion de los Gases Reales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigmar, D. J. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Technical University of Vienna Vienna (Austria)

    1965-06-15

    autocorrelacion {gamma}{sub s}(K, t) para tiempos breves, incluido el primer termino no gaussiano. El desarrollo en racimo cesa despues del primer termino de interaccion, de forma que los resultados solo son validos para densidades bajas. Pero aun asi aparecen en cada coeficiente muchos tipos diferentes de racimos que contienen hasta siete puntos. En cuanto al potencial, se admite la hipotesis de un nucleo rigido formado por dos particulas. Como han demostrado Singwi y sus col., el comportamiento a largo plazo de {gamma}{sub s} viene determinado por la integral, respecto del tiempo, de la autocorrelacion de la velocidad; {integral}{sup {infinity}}{sub 0} {sub T}dt. Con el fin de determinar el integrando correspondiente a cualquier tiempo, se puede recurrir al desarrollo en racimo cuando t es pequefio, y aceptar la teoria de la difusion de Langevin en los casos en que t es grande. Se estan realizando calculos numericos. (author) [Russian] V formal'noj teorii neuprugogo rassejanija nejtronov funkcija samokorreljacii vyvedena v sredne-statisticheskih proizvodnyh vzaimodejstvie-potencial N-tela rasseivatelja. V dannom doklade jeti srednie znachenija opredeljajutsja dlja real'nyh gazov razlozheniem na gruppy, svjazannym s metodom Majera-Ursellja. Jeto privodit k polucheniju nekotoryh nelinejnyh tipov grupp, kotorye izuchajutsja v otnoshenii topologii graf, ih mnogokratnosti (metodami kombinatornogo analiza) i ih kvadratury. Kak predpolagaetsja v svjazi s problemoj mnogih tel, nekotorye iz grupp nerazdelimy, i ih neobhodimo integrirovat' s pomosh'ju schetno-reshajushhih mashin. Takim putem rasschityvaetsja funkcija samokorreljacii {gamma}{sub s}(K, t) dlja korotkih promezhutkov vremeni, v tom chisle i pervyj negaussovskij chlen. Razlozhenie na gruppy preryvaetsja posle pervogo chlena, vyrazhajushhego vzaimodejstvie, tak chto rezul'taty spravedlivy tol'ko dlja nizkoj plotnosti. Jeto tem ne menee privodit k samym razlichnym tipam grupp, v kotoryh soderzhitsja do

  4. Assessment of the influence of examination postures on postural stability by means of the DTP-3 diagnostic system [Hodnocení vlivu vyšetřovacích poloh na posturální stabilitu pomocí diagnostického systému DTP-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter D. C. Phiri

    2009-06-01

    postural sway reduction, expressed by means of standard deviations in the mediolateral direction: 3.63–1.12–0.86 [mm], in the posterioanterior direction: 5.25–2.94–1.33 [mm] and in the caudocranial direction: 1.30–1.33–1.00 [mm]. It further results from the assessment that postures D and F significantly reduce postural sway towards posture A and posture F further reduces postural sway towards posture D. [VÝCHODISKA: Při vyšetřování tvaru páteře jak rentgenologickými, tak neradiačními neinvazivními metodami je důležitá standardizace polohy vyšetřované osoby. CÍLE: Standardizace vyšetřovací polohy umožní vzájemné porovnání výsledků vyšetření různými metodami. Navíc vhodná vyšetřovací poloha by měla snížit titubaci a tím zvýšit reliabilitu vyšetření. METODIKA: Pro hodnocení vlivu fixace na snížení titubace vyšetřované osoby byly navrženy dvě vyšetřovací polohy s různým stupněm fixace: poloha D – stoj s oporou ramen o fixační rám a poloha F – leh na břiše na fixačním lůžku. Uvedené polohy byly porovnány s polohou A – volný návykový stoj. Pro vyšetření tvaru páteře a titubace byl využit mikropočítačový diagnostický systém DTP-3, který umožňuje měřit třírozměrnou polohu bodů neinvazivní dotykovou metodou. Metodika vyšetření spočívá v palpaci a označení projekcí akromionů, zadních horních spin a trnových výběžků na kožním povrchu vyšetřované osoby. Označené body jsou snímány dotykem hrotu polohového snímače a přenášeny do osobního počítače, kde jsou zobrazeny do výstupních protokolů ve formě tabulek a grafů. Byl změřen soubor 80 vyšetřených osob (40 mužů a 40 žen, věk 23,1 ± 2,5 roku. Každá osoba byla v každé vyšetřovací poloze změřena pětkrát a byla vypočítána průměrná křivka páteře a standardní odchylka kvantifi kující titubaci vyšetřované osoby. VÝSLEDKY: Z hodnocení vlivu fixace na

  5. A Public-Private-Acadmic Partnership to Advance Solar Power Forecasting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haupt, Sue Ellen [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

    2016-04-19

    chemistry models. A sixth development accounts for the feedbacks that sub-grid scale clouds produce in shortwave irradiance as implemented in a shallow cumulus parameterization Finally, WRF-Solar™ also allows assimilation of infrared irradiances from satellites to determine the three dimensional cloud field, allowing for an improved initialization of the cloud field that increases the performance of short-range forecasts. We find that WRF-Solar™ can improve clear sky irradiance prediction by 15-80% over a standard version of WRF, depending on location and cloud conditions. In a formal comparison to the NAM baseline, WRF-Solar™ showed improvements in the Day-Ahead forecast of 22-42%. The SunCast™ system requires substantial software engineering to blend all of the new model components as well as existing publically available NWP model runs. To do this we use an expert system for the Nowcasting blender and the Dynamic Integrated foreCast (DICast®) system for the NWP models. These two systems are then blended, we use an empirical power conversion method to convert the irradiance predictions to power, then apply an analog ensemble (AnEn) approach to further tune the forecast as well as to estimate its uncertainty. The AnEn module decreased RMSE (root mean squared error) by 17% over the blended SunCast™ power forecasts and provided skill in the probabilistic forecast with a Brier Skill Score of 0.55. In addition, we have also developed a Gridded Atmospheric Forecast System (GRAFS) in parallel, leveraging cost share funds. An economic evaluation based on Production Cost Modeling in the Public Service Company of Colorado showed that the observed 50% improvement in forecast accuracy will save their customers $819,200 with the projected MW deployment for 2024. Using econometrics, NCAR has scaled this savings to a national level and shown that an annual expected savings for this 50% forecast error reduction ranges from $11M in 2015 to $43M expected in 2040 with increased

  6. Índice h de docentes em Saúde Coletiva no Brasil Índice h de docentes en Salud Colectiva en Brasil H-index of Collective Health professors in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Rodrigues Pereira

    2011-06-01

    control para homonimias y alternativas de grafía de nombre. Para cada región y para Brasil como un todo se ajustó función de densidad de probabilidad exponencial a los parámetros promedio y tasa de decrecimiento por región. Fueron identificadas medidas de posición y, con el complemento de la función probabilidad acumulada, función de jerarquía entre autores conforme el índice h por región. RESULTADOS: De los docentes, 29,8% no tenían registro alguno de citación (h=0. El promedio de h para Brasil fue 3,1, con mayor promedio en la región Sur (4,7. La mediana de h para el país fue 2,1, también con mayor mediana en el Sur (3,2. Para una estandarización de población de autores en cien, los primeros colocados para el país deben tener h=16; en la estratificación por región, la primera posición demanda valores más altos en el Noreste, Sureste y Sur, siendo en ésta última h=24. CONCLUSIONES: Evaluados por los índices h de la Web of Science, la mayoría de los autores en Salud Colectiva no supera h=5. Hay diferencias entre las regiones, con mejor desempeño para el Sur y valores semejantes entre Sureste y Noreste.OBJECTIVE: To estimate reference values and the hierarchy function of professors engaged in Collective Health in Brazil by analyzing the distribution of the h-index. METHODS: From the Portal da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Portal of Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel , 934 authors were identified in 2008, of whom 819 were analyzed. The h-index of each professor was obtained through the Web of Science using search algorithms controlling for namesakes and alternative spellings of their names. For each Brazilian region and for the country as a whole, we adjusted an exponential probability density function to provide the population parameters and rate of decline by region. Ranking measures were identified using the complement of the cumulative probability function and the hierarchy

  7. PREFACE: Stimuli Stimuli

    Science.gov (United States)

    Queisser, Hans J.

    2011-01-01

    . Appl. Phys. 40 4994 [17] Ploog K and Graf K 1984 MBE of III-V Compounds (Berlin: Springer) [18] For recent coverage, see Chakraborty T and Pietiläinen P 1995 The Quantum Hall Effect (Berlin: Springer) [19] Werner J H, Kolodinski S and Queisser H J 1993 Phys. Rev. Lett. 72 3851 [20] Yamaguchi M 2002 Physica E 14 84 [21] Queisser H J 2002 Physica E 14 1 and many other contributions in this issue

  8. PREFACE: XVth International Conference on Calorimetry in High Energy Physics (CALOR2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akchurin, Nural

    2012-12-01

    /Saclay Irfu/SPP FRANCAVILLA, Paolo IFAE Barcelona GATAULLIN, Marat California Institute of Technology GATTO, Corrado INFN-Napoli GAUDIO, Gabriella INFN-Pavia GERMANI, Stefano INFN-Perugia Goldenzweig, Pablo University of Rochester GRAF, Norman SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory GROOM, Don Lawrence Berkeley Lab GUARDINCERRI, Elena Los Alamos National Laboratory HAUPTMAN, John Iowa State University HENRIQUES, Ana CERN HUANG, Jin Los Alamos National Laboratory HU, Tao IHEP-Beijing, CAS JIANG, Xiaodong Los Alamos National Laboratory JUI, Charles University of Utah KAPUSTINSKY, Jon Los Alamos National Laboratory KIBILKO, Mark SE Technical Sales, Inc. KIRSCHENMANN, Henning University of Hamburg KISTENEV, Edouard Brookhaven National Laboratory KLIMEK, Pawel Stockholm Universitet KROEGER, Robert University of Mississippi LECOQ, Paul CERN LEE, Sehwook Texas Tech University LEE, Sung-Won Texas Tech University LIVAN, Michele Pavia University LUTZ, Benjamin DESY MAGILL, Stephen Argonne National Laboratory MATHIS, Mark College of William and Mary MATTHEWS, John University of Utah MENKE, Sven Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik MOULSON, Matthew INFN-Frascati NAGEL, Martin Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik NAKAMURA, Isamu KEK NEMECEK, Stanislav FZU AVCR Praha NESSI-TEDALDI, Francesca ETH Zurich NOVOTNY, Rainer 2nd Physics Institute, University Giessen OREGLIA, Mark University of Chicago PERLOFF, Alexx Texas A&M University PETYT, David Rutherford Appleton Laboratory RAHMAT, Rahmat University of Mississippi RAMILLI, Marco Hamburg Universitaet ROSIER LEES, Sylvie LAPP- IN2P3-CNRS RUTHERFOORD, John University of Arizona SAKUMA, Tai Texas A&M University SANTIAGO CERQUEIRA, Augusto Federal University of Juiz de Fora SARRA, Ivano INFN-Frascati SEIDEL, Sally University of New Mexico SEIFERT, Frank TU Dresden, Germany SHAMIM, Mansoora University of Oregon SIMON, Frank Max-Planck-Institute for Physics STAFFAN, Paul Wiener Plein and Baus, Corp Dr. STAROVOITOV, Pavel DESY TABARELLI DE FATIS, Tommaso

  9. 6th International Symposium on Molecular Allergology (ISMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Hilger

    2016-10-01

    hypoallergenic variant of the major peanut allergen Ara h 2 for allergen-specific immunotherapy Angelika Tscheppe, Dieter Palmberger, Merima Bublin, Christian Radauer, Chiara Palladino, Barbara Gepp, Nina Lengger, Reingard Grabherr, Heimo Breiteneder P36 Mutagenesis of amino acids critical for calcium-binding leads to the generation of a hypoallergenic Phl p 7 variant Marianne Raith, Linda Sonnleitner, Doris Zach, Konrad Woroszylo, Margit Focke-Tejkl, Herbert Wank, Thorsten Graf, Annette Kuehn, Ines Swoboda P37 Are birch pollen allergen immunotherapy induced blocking antibodies protective for cross-reactive allergens? Claudia Asam, Sara Huber, Heidi Hofer, Roland Lang, Thomas Hawranek, Fátima Ferreira, Michael Wallner P38 High success of 58 subcutaneous immunotherapy for pets allergy in a polyallergic cohort of patients: a component resolved individually adapted treatment (CRIAT Fabienne Gay-Crosier P39 Neutrophils are potential antigen presenting cells in IgE- mediated allergy Dominika Polak, Birgit Nagl, Claudia Kitzmüller, Barbara Bohle P40 Characterization of allergen-specific CD8+ T cells in type I allergy Nazanin Samadi, Claudia Kitzmüller, Rene Geyeregger, Barbara Bohle, Beatrice Jahn-Schmid Poster Session 5: Molecular and cellular diagnostic tests P41 Nanofluidic-based biosensors allow quantification of total circulating IgE from a drop of blood in 5 minutes Aurélie Buchwalder, Ariel Gomez, Fabien Rebeaud, Iwan Märki P42 Allergen microarray for the analysis of serum IgE binding profile and allergenic activity Jaana Haka, Liisa Hattara, Marika Heikkinen, Merja H Niemi, Juha Rouvinen, Petri Saviranta, Pekka Mattila, Kristiina Takkinen, Marja-Leena Laukkanen P43 Generation of a well-characterized panel of periplaneta americana allergens for component resolved diagnosis Stephanie Eichhorn, Isabel Pablos, Bianca Kastner, Bettina Schweidler, Sabrina Wildner, Peter Briza, Jung-Won Park, Naveen Arora, Stefan Vieths, Gabriele Gadermaier, Fatima Ferreira P44 Improved

  10. European Court of Justice Secures Fundamental Rights from UN Security Council Resolutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Recker

    2009-02-01

    ="_ftn1" href="#_ftnref1">[1]        Commission Regulation No. 881/2002, O.J. L 139/9 (2002.

[2]        SC Res. 1267, UN SCOR, 54th sess., 4051st mtg., UN Doc. S/RES/678 (15 October 1999.

[3]        Notes relating to the decision: Christoph Ohler, Gemeinschaftsrechtlicher Rechtsschutz gegen personengerichtete Sanktionen des UN Sicherheitsrates, Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht – EuZW Heft 20 (2008, 630-633;Kirsten Schmalenbach, Bedingt kooperationsbereit: Der Kontrollanspruch des EuGH bei gezielten Sanktionen der Vereinten Nationen, Juristenzeitung – JZ Heft 1 (2009, 35-43; Nikolaus Graf Vitzthum, Les compétences législatives et juridictionnelles de la Communauté européenne dans la lutte contre le terrorisme – l’affaire “Kadi”, Zeitschrift für Europarechtliche Studien – ZeuS (2008 375-429; Michael Riegner, Bulletin of international legal developments (2008 Vol. 17, 193-196; Maja Brkan, Presekani (in spet zavezani gordijski vozel, Pravna praksa (2008

  • PREFACE: Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter Classical density functional theory methods in soft and hard matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haataja, Mikko; Gránásy, László; Löwen, Hartmut

    2010-08-01

    functional theory versus kinetic theory of simple fluids J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364110 [28] Majaniemi S, Provatas N and Nonomura M 2010 Effective model hierarchies for dynamic and static classical density functional theories J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364111 [29] Warshavsky V B and Song X 2010 Perturbation theory for solid-liquid interfacial free energies J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 22 364112 [30] Rosenfeld Y, Schmidt M, Löwen H and Tarazona P 1997 Phys. Rev. E 55 4245 [31] Roth R, Evans R, Lang A and Kahl G 2002 J. Phys: Condens. Matter 14 12063 [32] Tarazona P, Cuesta J A and Martinez-Raton Y 2008 Density Functional Theories of Hard Particle Systems (Springer Lecture Notes in Physics vol 753) (Berlin: Springer) p 247 [33] Roth R 2010 J. Phys: Condens. Matter 22 063102 [34] Schmidt M, Löwen H, Brader J M and Evans R 2000 Phys. Rev. Lett. 85 1934 [35] Schmidt M, Löwen H, Brader J M and Evans R 2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 9353 [36] Hansen-Goos H and Mecke K 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 018302 [37] Esztermann A, Reich H and Schmidt M 2006 Phys. Rev. E 73 011409 [38] Ramakrishnan T V and Yussouff M 1979 Phys. Rev. B 19 2775 [39] Denton A R and Ashcroft N W 1989 Phys. Rev. A 39 4701 [40] Hasegawa M 1994 J. Phys. Soc. Japan 63 2215 [41] Kol A and Laird B B 1997 Mol. Phys. 90 951 [42] van Teeffelen S, Löwen H and Likos C N 2008 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20 404217 [43] van Teeffelen S, Hoffmann N, Likos C N and Löwen H 2006 Europhys. Lett. 75 583 [44] Likos C N, Hoffmann N, Löwen H and Louis A A 2002 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 7681 [45] Curtin W A and Ashcroft N W 1986 Phys. Rev. Lett. 56 2775 [46] Likos C N, Németh Z T and Löwen H 1994 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 6 10965 [47] Poniewierski A and Holyst R 1988 Phys. Rev. Lett. 61 2461 [48] Graf H and Löwen H 1999 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 11 1435 [49] Bolhuis P and Frenkel D 1997 J. Chem. Phys. 106 666 [50] Frenkel D, Mulder B M and McTague J P 1984 Phys. Rev. Lett. 52 287 [51] Härtel A and Löwen H 2010 J. Phys