WorldWideScience

Sample records for aircraft maintenance equipment

  1. Equipment maintenance and repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walia DS

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The repair and maintenance of ophthalmic equipment, including surgical instruments and diagnostic devices, can be compared to the maintenance of a motor vehicle, something many of us understand well.If you had a car, would you drive it until the fuel runs out or until a tyre punctures, and then abandon it to buy a new car? Of course not. However, many eye care units purchase (or receive as a donation expensive and delicate equipment which, because of poor maintenance, ends up breaking down. If there is not a system in place to report breakdowns and to plan or carry out repairs, equipment can remain unusable for long periods of time. Sometimes, this equipment ends up being dumped. Good maintenance habits and an effective repair system will minimise the amount of time equipment is unusable.

  2. [Medical Equipment Maintenance Methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongbin

    2015-09-01

    Due to the high technology and the complexity of medical equipment, as well as to the safety and effectiveness, it determines the high requirements of the medical equipment maintenance work. This paper introduces some basic methods of medical instrument maintenance, including fault tree analysis, node method and exclusive method which are the three important methods in the medical equipment maintenance, through using these three methods for the instruments that have circuit drawings, hardware breakdown maintenance can be done easily. And this paper introduces the processing methods of some special fault conditions, in order to reduce little detours in meeting the same problems. Learning is very important for stuff just engaged in this area. PMID:26904890

  3. HUMAN FACTOR IMPACT IN MILITARY AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE

    OpenAIRE

    MARINKOVIC SRBOLJUB J.; DRENOVAC ALEKSANDAR Z.

    2015-01-01

    Aircraft maintenance, as a specific field of military materiel maintenance, is characterized by high reliability standards, based on regulations and technical standards. A system approach to maintenance represents the key element of maintenance quality, while aircraft maintenance staff has a crucial influence on the final outcome of aircraft maintenance.

  4. Analysis of aircraft maintenance models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vlada S. Sokolović

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addressed several organizational models of aircraft maintenance. All models presented so far have been in use in Air Forces, so that the advantages and disadvantages of different models are known. First it shows the current model of aircraft maintenance as well as its basic characteristics. Then the paper discusses two organizational models of aircraft maintenance with their advantages and disadvantages. The advantages and disadvantages of different models are analyzed based on the criteria of operational capabilities of military units. In addition to operational capabilities, the paper presents some other criteria which should be taken into account in the evaluation and selection of an optimal model of aircraft maintenance. Performing a qualitative analysis of some models may not be sufficient for evaluating the optimum choice for models of maintenance referring to the selected set of criteria from the scope of operational capabilities. In order to choose the optimum model, it is necessary to conduct a detailed economic and technical analysis of individual tactical model maintenance. A high-quality aircraft maintenance organization requires the highest state and army authorities to be involved. It is necessary to set clear objectives for all the elements of modern air force technical support programs based on the given evaluation criteria.

  5. Infrared thermographic diagnostic aid to aircraft maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delo, Michael; Delo, Steve

    2007-04-01

    Thermographic data can be used as a supplement to aircraft maintenance operations in both back shop and flight line situations. Aircraft systems such as electrical, propulsion, environmental, pitot static and hydraulic/pneumatic fluid, can be inspected using a thermal infrared (IR) imager. Aircraft systems utilize electro-hydraulic, electro-mechanical, and electro-pneumatic mechanisms, which, if accessible, can be diagnosed for faults using infrared technology. Since thermographs are images of heat, rather than light, the measurement principle is based on the fact that any physical object (radiating energy at infrared wavelengths within the IR portion of the electro-magnetic spectrum), can be imaged with infrared imaging equipment. All aircraft systems being tested with infrared are required to be energized for troubleshooting, so that valuable baseline data from fully operational aircraft can be collected, archived and referenced for future comparisons.

  6. Research on Selection of Equipment Maintenance Modes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHANG Wen-li; SHI Hai-bo; HE Bai-tao

    2006-01-01

    The development of equipment maintenance management is introduced, and equipment maintenance concept is defined. Equipment maintenance modes are classified, analyzed and compared, which merits and demerits are pointed out. At last, a decision-making frame to select equipment maintenance modes is advanced, and steps to select and implement equipment maintenance are given.

  7. Aircraft Wiring Support Equipment Integration Laboratory (AWSEIL)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Purpose: The Aircraft Wiring Support Equipment Integration Laboratory (AWSEIL) provides a variety of research, design engineering and prototype fabrication services...

  8. Gamma radiography applied to aircraft maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gamma-radiography as used in aircraft maintenance was introduced in the 1960's and is almost entirely focussed on the jet engine. It is used to identify cracking, corrosion, distortion, distress, assembly, alignment and wear. The general arrangement of an axial flow engine will permit the placement of a radiographic source in the central shaft. The radiations emitted may be directed at an appropriate angle to the part examined to produce a radiographic image. The techniques presented here are used to monitor the condition of specific rotating and non-rotating components in the gas flow path of high by-pass jet engines. Conventional gamma radiography equipment is used. The source is almost always Iridium-192, of between 800-3000 GBq. It has effective energies of 400-600 kV and a half-life of about 75 days. Exposure control and positioning apparatus is the same as for other industrial radiography with rigid guide tubes to locate the source centrally within the engine. The use of this inspection technique is realised as lower maintenance expenses than would otherwise be possible for the equivalent level of reliability. 19 refs., 12 figs

  9. Maintenance program guidelines for programmatic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Division Directors at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory are responsible for implementing a maintenance program for research equipment (also referred to as programmatic equipment) assigned to them. The program must allow maintenance to be accomplished in a manner that promotes operational safety, environmental protection and compliance, and cost effectiveness; that preserves the intended functions of the facilities and equipment; and that supports the programmatic mission of the Laboratory. Programmatic equipment -- such as accelerators, lasers, radiation detection equipment, and glove boxes -- is dedicated specifically to research. Installed equipment, by contrast, includes the mechanical and electrical systems installed as part of basic building construction, equipment essential to the normal functioning of the facility and its intended use. Examples of installed equipment are heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems; elevators; and communications systems. The LBL Operating and Assurance Program Plan (PUB-3111, Revision 4) requires that a maintenance program be prepared for programmatic equipment and defines the basic maintenance program elements. Such a program of regular, documented maintenance is vital to the safety and quality of research activities. As a part of that support, this document offers guidance to Laboratory organizations for developing their maintenance programs. It clarifies the maintenance requirements of the Operating and Assurance Program (OAP) and presents an approach that, while not the only possibility, can be expected to produce an effective maintenance program for research equipment belonging to the Laboratory's organizations

  10. Automation tools for flexible aircraft maintenance.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prentice, William J.; Drotning, William D.; Watterberg, Peter A.; Loucks, Clifford S.; Kozlowski, David M.

    2003-11-01

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project 26546 at Sandia, during the period FY01 through FY03. The project team visited four DoD depots that support extensive aircraft maintenance in order to understand critical needs for automation, and to identify maintenance processes for potential automation or integration opportunities. From the visits, the team identified technology needs and application issues, as well as non-technical drivers that influence the application of automation in depot maintenance of aircraft. Software tools for automation facility design analysis were developed, improved, extended, and integrated to encompass greater breadth for eventual application as a generalized design tool. The design tools for automated path planning and path generation have been enhanced to incorporate those complex robot systems with redundant joint configurations, which are likely candidate designs for a complex aircraft maintenance facility. A prototype force-controlled actively compliant end-effector was designed and developed based on a parallel kinematic mechanism design. This device was developed for demonstration of surface finishing, one of many in-contact operations performed during aircraft maintenance. This end-effector tool was positioned along the workpiece by a robot manipulator, programmed for operation by the automated planning tools integrated for this project. Together, the hardware and software tools demonstrate many of the technologies required for flexible automation in a maintenance facility.

  11. [Development of Hospital Equipment Maintenance Information System].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhixin

    2015-11-01

    Hospital equipment maintenance information system plays an important role in improving medical treatment quality and efficiency. By requirement analysis of hospital equipment maintenance, the system function diagram is drawed. According to analysis of input and output data, tables and reports in connection with equipment maintenance process, relationships between entity and attribute is found out, and E-R diagram is drawed and relational database table is established. Software development should meet actual process requirement of maintenance and have a friendly user interface and flexible operation. The software can analyze failure cause by statistical analysis. PMID:27066680

  12. PROMSYS, Plant Equipment Maintenance and Inspection Scheduling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1 - Description of problem or function: PROMSYS is a computer system designed to automate the scheduling of routine maintenance and inspection of plant equipment. This 'programmed maintenance' provides the detailed planning and accomplishment of lubrication, inspection, and similar repetitive maintenance activities which can be scheduled at specified predetermined intervals throughout the year. The equipment items included are the typical pumps, blowers, motors, compressors, automotive equipment, refrigeration units, filtering systems, machine shop equipment, cranes, elevators, motor-generator sets, and electrical switchgear found throughout industry, as well as cell ventilation, shielding, containment, and material handling equipment unique to nuclear research and development facilities. Four related programs are used to produce sorted schedule lists, delinquent work lists, and optional master lists. Five additional programs are used to create and maintain records of all scheduled and unscheduled maintenance history. 2 - Method of solution: Service specifications and frequency are established and stored. The computer program reviews schedules weekly and prints, on schedule cards, instructions for service that is due the following week. The basic output from the computer program comes in two forms: programmed-maintenance schedule cards and programmed-maintenance data sheets. The data sheets can be issued in numerical building, route, and location number sequence as equipment lists, grouped for work assigned to a particular foreman as the foreman's equipment list, or grouped by work charged to a particular work order as the work-order list. Data sheets grouped by equipment classification are called the equipment classification list

  13. Long Length Contaminated Equipment Maintenance Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this document is to provide the maintenance requirements of the Long Length Contaminated Equipment (LLCE) trailers and provide a basis for the maintenance frequencies selected. This document is applicable to the LLCE Receiver trailer and Transport trailer assembled by Mobilized Systems Inc. (MSI). Equipment used in conjunction with, or in support of, these trailers is not included. This document does not provide the maintenance requirements for checkout and startup of the equipment following the extended lay-up status which began in the mid 1990s. These requirements will be specified in other documentation

  14. Proceedings of FED remote maintenance equipment workshop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A workshop was convened in two sessions in January and March 1981, on the remote maintenance equipment for the Fusion Engineering Device (FED). The objectives of the first session were to familiarize the participants with the status of the design of the FED and to develop a remote maintenance equipment list for the FED. The objective of the second session was to have the participants present design concepts for the equipment which had been identified in the first session. The equipment list was developed for general purpose and special purpose equipment. The general purpose equipment was categorized as manipulators and other, while the special purpose equipment was subdivided according to the reactor subsystem it serviced: electrical, magnetic, and nuclear. Both mobile and fixed base manipulators were identified. Handling machines were identified as the major requirement for special purpose equipment

  15. Manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report on the manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment contains working contents, scope and contents of a request working to the Machine Shop, also records the principal production design, manufacture contents and a relevant working drawing. The working content and scope of the Machine Shop is to support the successful and convenient performance of the R and D by manufacture and maintenance of all sorts of laboratory equipment. (author). 9 tabs., 12 figs

  16. Manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report on the manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment contains working contents, scope and contents of request working to the machine shop, also records the principal production design, manufacture contents and a relevant working drawing. The working content and scope of the machine shop is to support the successful and convenient performance of the R and D by manufacture and maintenance of all sorts of laboratory equipment. 11 tabs., 3 figs. (Author) .new

  17. Manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report on the manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment contains working contents, scope and contents of a request working to the Machine Shop, also records the principal production design, manufacture contents and a relevant working drawing. The working content and scope of the Machine Shop is to support the successful and convenient performance of the Research and development by manufacture and maintenance of all sorts of laboratory equipment. 12 tabs., 5 figs. (Author) .new

  18. SUPREME SUstainable PREdictive Maintenance for manufacturing Equipment

    OpenAIRE

    Sieg-Zieba, Sophie; Adolf, Thomas; LUCKE, Dominik; Haug, Ralf; Boulet, Pierrick; García-Sedano, Javier

    2014-01-01

    Productivity improvements have major impact on economy and competitiveness in European manufacturing industry. Industrial maintenance contributes largely to this competitiveness through reliability and availability of production equipment. Especially in continuous production industries (energy, chemical, food, cement or paper sectors) the ratio "maintenance costs/added value product" is even higher than 25 %. Defect components or process failures can stop the whole production, therefore predi...

  19. Analysis of the Improvement Methods for Equipment Maintenance Support

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Rui-chang; ZHAO Song-zheng

    2005-01-01

    According to military requirement, and based on the problems of equipment maintenance support methods in high-tech battles, each element supporting equipment maintenance is analyzed, and the methods for improving equipment maintenance are proposed.

  20. Medical equipment maintenance management and oversight

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Binseng

    2012-01-01

    In addition to being essential for safe and effective patient care, medical equipment also has significant impact on the income and, thus, vitality of healthcare organizations. For this reason, its maintenance and management requires careful supervision by healthcare administrators, many of whom may not have the technical background to understand all of the relevant factors. This book presents the basic elements of medical equipment maintenance and management required of healthcare leaders responsible for managing or overseeing this function. It will enable these individuals to understand thei

  1. Equipment maintenance support capability evaluation using cloud barycenter evaluation method

    OpenAIRE

    Quan Shi; Cheng Zhang; Hongqiang Gu

    2013-01-01

    Maintenance support is the most important measures to keep equipments having high operational capabilities. Equipment maintenance support capability is an important part of operational capability and the evaluation of equipment maintenance support capability is very important to the establishment of battle effectiveness. The evaluation index system of equipment maintenance support capability is established according to the evaluation index establishing principles. Cloud barycenter evaluation ...

  2. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development of radiation monitoring equipment could be the base of domestic development of RMS. And the technique could be adapted to development of other radiation equipment of KAERI as well as hospitals and nuclear power plants. The RMS technology could be adapted to the development of precision instruments related to nuclear radiation and be the base of fundamental technology such as protein structure analysis of bio technology, development of nano advanced material and aircraft material. The technology of multi-channel readout ASIC for nuclear radiation detector, which has been imported from abroad, could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications

  3. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Yong Keun; Kim, Jung Bok

    2003-12-01

    Development of radiation monitoring equipment could be the base of domestic development of RMS. And the technique could be adapted to development of other radiation equipment of KAERI as well as hospitals and nuclear power plants. The RMS technology could be adapted to the development of precision instruments related to nuclear radiation and be the base of fundamental technology such as protein structure analysis of bio technology, development of nano advanced material and aircraft material. The technology of multi-channel readout ASIC for nuclear radiation detector, which has been imported from abroad, could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications.

  4. A Study on Simulation of Aircraft Maintenance and Support System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Maintenance and support are basic elements to realize the effectiveness of aircraft. For basic analysis of the characteristics of an aircraft maintenance and support system, a simulation method is presented in this paper, and the structure and realization ofthe simulation system is discussed.

  5. Analysing Uncertainty and Delays in Aircraft Heavy Maintenance

    OpenAIRE

    Salazar Rosales, Leandro Julian

    2016-01-01

    Analysing Uncertainty and Delays in Aircraft Heavy MaintenanceThe University of ManchesterLeandro Julian Salazar RosalesDoctor of PhilosophyDecember, 2015This study investigates the influence of unscheduled maintenance activities on delays and disruptions during the execution of aircraft heavy maintenance services by developing a simulation model based on Systems Dynamics (SD) and supported by an Evidential Reasoning (ER) rule model.The SD model studies the complex interrelationship between s...

  6. Modern Maintenance Strategy of Electronic Equipment in Complex Electromechanical System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xiao-fang; CHEN Gui-ming; YANG Bao-li; ZHANG Xue-tao; WANG Han-gong

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the failure mechanism of electronic equipment was analysed. Aiming at the limitation of traditional maintenance modes, moderu maintenance strategy was put forward on the basis of reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) combined with condition-based maintenance (CBM)aud maintenance efficiency review (MER). A maintenance management information system was constructed for electronic equipment for the purpose of failure analysis, reliability evaluation, and maintenance decisions such as time, mode, and plan. The best maintenance time could be predicted with failure analysis and reliability evaluation, which was mainly influenced by environmental stress. Suitable maintenance modes should be determined fiom equipment importance, failure aftereffect, maintenance condition, and economical power so as to ensure equipment reliability and decrease the requirement of the maintenance source.

  7. Towards structured integration of maintenance knowledge in industrial equipment design

    OpenAIRE

    Mulder, W; Basten, R.J.I.; Jauregui Becker, J.M.; Dongen, van, C.J.J.; Lindemann, Udo; Venkataraman, Srinivasan; Kim, Yong Se

    2013-01-01

    Industrial equipment requires maintenance to remain operational. The level of maintenance that is required, and how easily it can be executed, is affected by the characteristics of the equipment. Therefore, design decisions have a strong influence on the effectiveness and efficiency of the maintenance process. Ideally, the design of the equipment should be aligned with the design of the maintenance service. Relevant knowledge about the relationships between them is available in both the liter...

  8. 14 CFR 121.701 - Maintenance log: Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance log: Aircraft. 121.701 Section 121.701 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED...: Aircraft. (a) Each person who takes action in the case of a reported or observed failure or malfunction...

  9. 33 CFR 104.260 - Security systems and equipment maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... maintenance. 104.260 Section 104.260 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... systems and equipment maintenance. (a) Security systems and equipment must be in good working order and... procedures for identifying and responding to security system and equipment failures or malfunctions....

  10. 33 CFR 105.250 - Security systems and equipment maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... maintenance. 105.250 Section 105.250 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... systems and equipment maintenance. (a) Security systems and equipment must be in good working order and... include procedures for identifying and responding to security system and equipment failures...

  11. Modeling and Analysis of Complex Equipment Maintenance Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    An equipment maintenance system is naturally a complex dynamical system. The effective maintenance management must be based on the knowledge of the system's intrinsic dynamics. And the structure of the maintenance system determines its behavior. This paper analyzes the basic structures and elements of a maintenance system for complex multi-components equipment. The maintenance system is considered as a dynamic system whose behavior is influenced by its structure's feedback and interaction, and the system's available resources. Building the dynamical model with Simulink, we show some results about the maintenance system's nonlinear dynamics, which are never given by stochastic process methods. The model can be used for understanding and determining maintenance system behavior, towards which operational adjustments of maintenance infrastructure, precise prediction of maintenance requirements and timely supply of maintenance resources can be made in a more informed way.

  12. Optimization parameters system maintenance transport aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    І.І. Ліннік

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available  The algorithm of unconditional and conditional optimization Markov models of maintenance systems of transport airplanes of their programs of technical operation used at improvement is considered.

  13. Towards structured integration of maintenance knowledge in industrial equipment design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, W.; Basten, R.J.I.; Jauregui Becker, J.M.; Dongen, van L.A.M.; Lindemann, Udo; Venkataraman, Srinivasan; Kim, Yong Se

    2013-01-01

    Industrial equipment requires maintenance to remain operational. The level of maintenance that is required, and how easily it can be executed, is affected by the characteristics of the equipment. Therefore, design decisions have a strong influence on the effectiveness and efficiency of the maintenan

  14. 33 CFR 106.255 - Security systems and equipment maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... maintenance. 106.255 Section 106.255 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... Shelf (OCS) Facility Security Requirements § 106.255 Security systems and equipment maintenance. (a... procedures for identifying and responding to security system and equipment failures or malfunctions....

  15. 32 CFR 935.140 - Motor vehicle maintenance and equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motor vehicle maintenance and equipment. 935.140... AND INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Motor Vehicle Code § 935.140 Motor vehicle maintenance and equipment. (a) Each person who has custody of a motor vehicle on Wake Island shall present that vehicle...

  16. Corrosion Sensor Development for Condition-Based Maintenance of Aircraft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gino Rinaldi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Aircraft routinely operate in atmospheric environments that, over time, will impact their structural integrity. Material protection and selection schemes notwithstanding, recurrent exposure to chlorides, pollution, temperature gradients, and moisture provide the necessary electrochemical conditions for the development and profusion of corrosion in aircraft structures. For aircraft operators, this becomes an important safety matter as corrosion found in a given aircraft must be assumed to be present in all of that type of aircraft. This safety protocol and its associated unscheduled maintenance requirement drive up the operational costs of the fleet and limit the availability of the aircraft. Hence, there is an opportunity at present for developing novel sensing technologies and schemes to aid in shifting time-based maintenance schedules towards condition-based maintenance procedures. In this work, part of the ongoing development of a multiparameter integrated corrosion sensor is presented. It consists of carbon nanotube/polyaniline polymer sensors and commercial-off-the-shelf sensors. It is being developed primarily for monitoring environmental and material factors for the purpose of providing a means to more accurately assess the structural integrity of aerospace aluminium alloys through fusion of multiparameter sensor data. Preliminary experimental test results are presented for chloride ion concentration, hydrogen gas evolution, humidity variations, and material degradation.

  17. A Case Study of Total Productive Maintenance Implementation in an Aircraft Maintenance Company

    OpenAIRE

    Vayvay, Özalp; Simsit, Zeynep Tuğçe; Mucukoglu, Fatma Müjde

    2013-01-01

    Total productive maintenance was introduced to USA in the late 1980s as a companywide strategy to increase the effectiveness of production environment. In recent years, many companies have attempted to implement this strategy to maximize equipment’s effectiveness and productivity, and minimize machine losses. In this study, main concern is how a aircraft maintenance company can apply TPM, in an efficient way. In case study we determined the steps of the maintenance proscess and then ana...

  18. Equipment Maintenance management support system based on statistical analysis of maintenance history data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Plant maintenance is recently becoming important with the increase in the number of nuclear power stations and in plant operating time. Various kinds of requirements for plant maintenance, such as countermeasures for equipment degradation and saving maintenance costs while keeping up plant reliability and productivity, are proposed. For this purpose, plant maintenance programs should be improved based on equipment reliability estimated by field data. In order to meet these requirements, it is planned to develop an equipment maintenance management support system for nuclear power plants based on statistical analysis of equipment maintenance history data. The large difference between this proposed new method and current similar methods is to evaluate not only failure data but maintenance data, which includes normal termination data and some degree of degradation or functional disorder data for equipment and parts. So, it is possible to utilize these field data for improving maintenance schedules and to evaluate actual equipment and parts reliability under the current maintenance schedule. In the present paper, the authors show the objectives of this system, an outline of this system and its functions, and the basic technique for collecting and managing of maintenance history data on statistical analysis. It is shown, from the results of feasibility tests using simulation data of maintenance history, that this system has the ability to provide useful information for maintenance and the design enhancement

  19. Examining the Relationship Between Passenger Airline Aircraft Maintenance Outsourcing and Aircraft Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaghan, Kari L.

    The problem addressed was the concern for aircraft safety rates as they relate to the rate of maintenance outsourcing. Data gathered from 14 passenger airlines: AirTran, Alaska, America West, American, Continental, Delta, Frontier, Hawaiian, JetBlue, Midwest, Northwest, Southwest, United, and USAir covered the years 1996 through 2008. A quantitative correlational design, utilizing Pearson's correlation coefficient, and the coefficient of determination were used in the present study to measure the correlation between variables. Elements of passenger airline aircraft maintenance outsourcing and aircraft accidents, incidents, and pilot deviations within domestic passenger airline operations were analyzed, examined, and evaluated. Rates of maintenance outsourcing were analyzed to determine the association with accident, incident, and pilot deviation rates. Maintenance outsourcing rates used in the evaluation were the yearly dollar expenditure of passenger airlines for aircraft maintenance outsourcing as they relate to the total airline aircraft maintenance expenditures. Aircraft accident, incident, and pilot deviation rates used in the evaluation were the yearly number of accidents, incidents, and pilot deviations per miles flown. The Pearson r-values were calculated to measure the linear relationship strength between the variables. There were no statistically significant correlation findings for accidents, r(174)=0.065, p=0.393, and incidents, r(174)=0.020, p=0.793. However, there was a statistically significant correlation for pilot deviation rates, r(174)=0.204, p=0.007 thus indicating a statistically significant correlation between maintenance outsourcing rates and pilot deviation rates. The calculated R square value of 0.042 represents the variance that can be accounted for in aircraft pilot deviation rates by examining the variance in aircraft maintenance outsourcing rates; accordingly, 95.8% of the variance is unexplained. Suggestions for future research include

  20. Hierarchical Colored Timed Petri Nets for Maintenance Process Modeling of Civil Aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Cheng-cheng; SUN You-chao; LU Zhong

    2008-01-01

    Civil aircraft maintenance process simulation model is an effective method for analyzing the maintainability of a civil aircraft. First, we present the Hierarchical Colored Timed Petri Nets for maintenance process modeling of civil aircraft. Then, we expound a general method of civil aircraft maintenance activities, determine the maintenance level for decomposition, and propose the methods of describing logic of relations between the maintenance activities based on Petri Net. Finally, a time Colored Petri multi-level network modeling and simulation procedures and steps are given with the maintenance example of the landing gear burst tire of a certain type of aircraft. The feasibility of the method is proved by the example.

  1. 40 CFR 141.804 - Aircraft water system operations and maintenance plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... carrier operations and maintenance program (14 CFR part 43, 14 CFR part 91, 14 CFR part 121). (b) Each... § 141.804 Aircraft water system operations and maintenance plan. (a) Each air carrier must develop and implement an aircraft water system operations and maintenance plan for each aircraft water system that...

  2. Remote maintenance systems requirements are being developed to provide design guidelines for machine components, to define maintenance interfaces, and to quantify maintenance equipment and procedures needed

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Remote maintenance systems requirements are being developed to provide design guidelines for machine components, to define maintenance interfaces, and to quantify maintenance equipment and procedures needed

  3. A Grounded Theory Study of Aircraft Maintenance Technician Decision-Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcross, Robert

    Aircraft maintenance technician decision-making and actions have resulted in aircraft system errors causing aircraft incidents and accidents. Aircraft accident investigators and researchers examined the factors that influence aircraft maintenance technician errors and categorized the types of errors in an attempt to prevent similar occurrences. New aircraft technology introduced to improve aviation safety and efficiency incur failures that have no information contained in the aircraft maintenance manuals. According to the Federal Aviation Administration, aircraft maintenance technicians must use only approved aircraft maintenance documents to repair, modify, and service aircraft. This qualitative research used a grounded theory approach to explore the decision-making processes and actions taken by aircraft maintenance technicians when confronted with an aircraft problem not contained in the aircraft maintenance manuals. The target population for the research was Federal Aviation Administration licensed aircraft and power plant mechanics from across the United States. Nonprobability purposeful sampling was used to obtain aircraft maintenance technicians with the experience sought in the study problem. The sample population recruitment yielded 19 participants for eight focus group sessions to obtain opinions, perceptions, and experiences related to the study problem. All data collected was entered into the Atlas ti qualitative analysis software. The emergence of Aircraft Maintenance Technician decision-making themes regarding Aircraft Maintenance Manual content, Aircraft Maintenance Technician experience, and legal implications of not following Aircraft Maintenance Manuals surfaced. Conclusions from this study suggest Aircraft Maintenance Technician decision-making were influenced by experience, gaps in the Aircraft Maintenance Manuals, reliance on others, realizing the impact of decisions concerning aircraft airworthiness, management pressures, and legal concerns

  4. Maintenance equipment for a fast reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Object: To permit cleaning of through-holes of various diameters by mounting a spray nozzle on the lower end of a vertically movable extension tube connected to an Ar gas heater. Structure: After removing control rod drive mechanism and other apparatus mounted on the top of the reactor core for maintenance, a spray nozzle of a maintenance apparatus on a reactor top pit lid is inserted into a through-hole in a shield plug. Then, Ar gas heated by the heater is supplied through the extension tube and sprayed, thereby removing Na slug attached to and solidified on the inner surface of the hole by fusion. (Seki, T.)

  5. Contracting in medical equipment maintenance services: An empirical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, Tian; de Véricourt, Francis; Besbes, Omar

    2014-01-01

    Equipment manufacturers offer different types of maintenance service plans (MSPs) that delineate payment structures between equipment operators and maintenance service providers. These MSPs allocate risks differently and thus induce different kinds of incentives. A fundamental question, therefore, is how such structures impact service performance and the service chain value. We answer empirically this question. Our study is based on a unique panel data covering the sales and service records o...

  6. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solving the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have supported the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the maintainability of instruments to use effectively. (author). 10 refs., 18 tabs., 8 figs

  7. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the performance of the data processing system of RMS, and also modified the cyclic box using PLC which is a facility for airborne monitoring in radiation area. (author)

  8. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Kwang Soo; Chung, Chong Eun; Park, Kwang Hyeon; Hong, Suk Boong; Moon, Je Sun; Choi, Myung Jin; Kim, Seung Bok; Kim, Jung Bok

    1996-12-01

    Solving the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have supported the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the maintainability of instruments to use effectively. (author). 10 refs., 18 tabs., 8 figs.

  9. Equipment maintenance of Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant is the first commercial reprocessing plant in Japan and has adopted the best technology from home and abroad. The Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant is composed of approximately 150,000 devices and buildings are located separately according to process. In this paper, we introduce the outline of reprocessing process and maintenance activities for the Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant. (author)

  10. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Jung Bok

    1999-12-01

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the performance of the data processing system of RMS, and also modified the cyclic box using PLC which is a facility for airborne monitoring in radiation area. (author)

  11. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Kwang Soo; Jeong, Jong Eun; Park, Kwang Hyun; Hong, Suk Bong; Moon, Je Sun; Choi, Myung Jin; Kim, Seung Bok; Kim, Jeong Bok [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-01

    Solving the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have supported the research and development work, and reduced operation costs of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the maintainability of instruments to use effectively. 18 tabs., 17 figs., 13 refs. (Author) .new.

  12. Study on Equipment Selective Maintenance Strategy Based on Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, an equipment selective maintenance strategy based on performance is brought forward according to the situation in China, in which reliability, computer technology,condition monitoring and management theory is applied. The theory points of the strategy are put forward. The maintenance strategy has been applied in.mine hoist system.

  13. Testing, validation, and verification of an expert system advisor for aircraft maintenance scheduling (ESAAMS).

    OpenAIRE

    Andrieu, Christian W.

    1991-01-01

    Aircraft maintenance control operates in a dynamic, high intensity environment. Maintenance work priorities are made several times daily under extremely demanding and time sensitive conditions. the person responsible for scheduling aircraft, usually the Maintenance Master Chief, draws upon years of experience when assigning priorities for both scheduled and unscheduled maintenance. An Expert System Advisor for Aircraft Maintenance Scheduling (ESAAMS) is being implemented at the Naval Postg...

  14. Maintenence and fabrication of Electronic Equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development of the SPND Monitor could be the base of development of small signal processing circuits and the technique could be used to develop other precision equipment. The repair technology for high purity germanium(HPGe) detector system could be adapted to other areas where high purity detectors are used such as hospitals, universities etc. The technology of multi-channel ASIC for nuclear radiation detector, which has been imported from abroad, could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications

  15. Maintenence and fabrication of Electronic Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Young Keun; Kim, Jung Bok; Lee, Sang Suk

    2004-12-15

    Development of the SPND Monitor could be the base of development of small signal processing circuits and the technique could be used to develop other precision equipment. The repair technology for high purity germanium(HPGe) detector system could be adapted to other areas where high purity detectors are used such as hospitals, universities etc. The technology of multi-channel ASIC for nuclear radiation detector, which has been imported from abroad, could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications.

  16. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Yong Keun; Kim, Jung Bok

    2001-12-01

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and made it done effectively in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the performance of the alarming system of the unit211 in PIEF and the lamp control module(IND100) in RWTF using PLCs. And also, electronic circuit modules for MAFF system which is an instrument for airborne monitoring in radiation area have been designed and fabricated.

  17. Measurement and control system for ITER remote maintenance equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ITER in-vessel components such as blankets and divertors are categorized as scheduled maintenance components because they are subjected to severe plasma heat and particle loads. Blanket maintenance requires remote handling equipment and tools able to handle Heavy payloads of about 4 tons within a 2 mm precision tolerance. Divertor maintenance requires remote replacement of 60 cassettes with a dead weight of about 25 tons each. In the ITER R and D program, full-scale remote handling equipment for blanket and divertor maintenance has been designed and assembled for demonstration tests. This paper reviews the measurement and control system developed for full-scale remote handling equipment, the Japan Home Team contribution. (author)

  18. Neutron radiography for maintenance inspection of military and civilian aircraft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of a program to develop new and advanced nondestructive inspection techniques, a series of projects has been conducted to develop and evaluate neutron radiography as a nondestructive inspection tool. A major portion of this effort has been directed toward the application of neutron radiography as a maintenance inspection tool for military and civilian aircraft. The availability of 252Cf as a neutron source has enabled the use of neutron-radiography systems in normal maintenance environments for the inspection of flight-line aircraft with a minimum of interference. Neutron radiography has been demonstrated to be a powerful nondestructive inspection tool for a variety of applications involving the detection of organic or non-metallic compounds. Its ability to detect surface and subsurface corrosion in aircraft structure is unmatched by any other inspection technique. This capability of detecting corrosion without component disassembly is particularly significant when corrosion is hidden behind thick metallic structural members. The neutron radiographic technique has been applied successfully to detect corrosion in wing tanks, rear stabilators, aft spar, starboard and port wing, rudder, fuselage skin, and nose landing gears of a variety of fixed-wind aircraft, as well as rotary blades and rotary tail flaps of heliocopters

  19. Discussion on Management Model of Medical Equipment Maintenance in Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Qiang; DENG Wen-yan; CAI Kui

    2016-01-01

    With the development of technology, medical equipment plays a more important role in the modern hospital. Medical equipment provides images, physiological results or other schematics of the patients to help doctors deal with the routines. It is also the major tool to the lab assistant in the clinical teaching and studies. It becomes one of a symbol of the technological level in modern hospital. The director of the hospital should establish an efficacious management pattern to manage the medical equipment, so that it will be operated in good condition to insure the safety of the patients. Since the maintenance is an important part of medical equipment management, it is significant that the hospital should establish a system to fit for itself. The study reviews the issues in hospital medical equipment maintenance management, the development of the maintenance management model and the characteristics, as well as the status at home and abroad. The research has been finished by using literature research method, questionnaire survey method and data analysis method. Then we analyze the current status of hospital medical equipment maintenance management model to find the problems. Based on the authentic and effective data from the survey, we can deduce the overview about the maintenance model in Beijing. The paper discusses the advantages and the disadvantages between the different model, and it makes suggestions on the follow aspects, such as system management, quality management, personnel management, cost management, information management perspective.

  20. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Soo; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Yong Keun; Kim, Jung Bok

    2000-12-01

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the performance of the data processing system of RMS, and modified the cyclic box and IND100 using PLCs which are a facility for airborne monitoring in radiation area and lamp control modules of radiation monitoring control panel respectively. And also, a gamma-ray densitometer for KNGR has been designed and fabricated.

  1. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have improved the performance of the data processing system of RMS, and modified the cyclic box and IND100 using PLCs which are a facility for airborne monitoring in radiation area and lamp control modules of radiation monitoring control panel respectively. And also, a gamma-ray densitometer for KNGR has been designed and fabricated

  2. Maintenance and Fabrication of Electronic Equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Development and its application of a wire-mesh sensor could contribute to the safe operation of nuclear power plants and could be used to develop other precision sensors for nuclear applications. Development of a gamma monitoring system could be used not only in nuclear facility but also in other radiation application institution such as hospitals, universities etc. The technology of multi-channel ASIC for nuclear radiation detector could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications

  3. Maintenance and Fabrication of Electronic Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Seok Boong; Lee, Sang Seok; Kim, Yong Keun; Kim, Jung Bok

    2005-12-15

    Development and its application of a wire-mesh sensor could contribute to the safe operation of nuclear power plants and could be used to develop other precision sensors for nuclear applications. Development of a gamma monitoring system could be used not only in nuclear facility but also in other radiation application institution such as hospitals, universities etc. The technology of multi-channel ASIC for nuclear radiation detector could be adapted to development of radiation equipment for image processing, position of detection, NDT etc., and also the technique will be expected to contribute to increase the use of radiation technology to industrial applications.

  4. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have converted the localized control system of the unit211 into remote control system using computer network, and replaced the analog meter for the temperature indication of the spent fuel receiving process(unit212) with digital devices. 50 scintillators with PMTs, which have been deteriorated from aging, have been replaced with new ones that were fabricated and evaluated in our laboratory. Preamplification circuit for radiation detectors were developed and also signal processing multi-channel ASIC for the 2D array detector were developed and evaluated

  5. Maintenance and fabrication of electronic equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Moon, Byung Soo; Hong, Suk Boong; Kim, Yong Keun; Kim, Jung Bok

    2002-12-01

    Providing technical support to the maintenance and repair problems of electronic instruments, we have assisted the research and development work, and reduced operation cost of the pilot plants in KAERI. In addition, we have converted the localized control system of the unit211 into remote control system using computer network, and replaced the analog meter for the temperature indication of the spent fuel receiving process(unit212) with digital devices. 50 scintillators with PMTs, which have been deteriorated from aging, have been replaced with new ones that were fabricated and evaluated in our laboratory. Preamplification circuit for radiation detectors were developed and also signal processing multi-channel ASIC for the 2D array detector were developed and evaluated.

  6. Opportunistic maintenance and adaptation of warranty maintenance tasks for Power Plant equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. McGibney

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper makes a link between opportunistic maintenance literature and warranty analysis of a power plant. A new plant warranty maintenance tasks are observed over a two year period. The main aim is to see how opportunistic maintenance could be incorporated when the warranty period has elapsed. The paper examine the warranty period maintenance task list and propose adequate methods for assessing opportunistic maintenance as a preventive maintenance task in order to ensure reliability and availability of the plant equipment. Statistical approach is used to give an insight to the plant equipment status and a modeling approach is proposed to also assess maintenance information defined by experts in the context of actual operating regimes. This study focuses on the power plant‟s critical equipment. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA is conducted on the power plant Booster Fans. This gives an insight about equipment failure mode patterns and maintenance requirements. A simulation example is presented based in the failure modes results obtained and a graphical display of optimum preventive maintenance schedule cost curves is also presented.

  7. Equipment reliability process improvement and preventive maintenance optimization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Darragi, M.; Georges, A. [Univ. de Quebec a Trois Rivieres, Trois Rivieres, Quebec (Canada); Vaillancourt, R.; Komljenovic, D.; Croteau, M. [Gentilly 2 Nuclear Generating Station, Hydro Quebec, Quebec (Canada)

    2004-07-01

    The Gentilly-2 Nuclear Power Plant wants to optimize its preventive maintenance program through an Integrated Equipment Reliability Process. All equipment reliability related activities should be reviewed and optimized in a systematic approach especially for aging plants such as G2. This new approach has to be founded on best practices methods with the purpose of the rationalization of the preventive maintenance program and the performance monitoring of on-site systems, structures and components (SSC). A rational preventive maintenance strategy is based on optimized task scopes and frequencies depending on their applicability, critical effects on system safety and plant availability as well as cost-effectiveness. Preventive maintenance strategy efficiency is systematically monitored through degradation indicators. (author)

  8. Maintenance and test strategies to optimize NPP equipment performance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes an approach to maintenance optimization of nuclear power plant components, which can help to increase both safety and availability. In order to evaluate the benefits of preventive maintenance on a quantitative basis, a software code has been developed for component performance and reliability simulation of safety related nuclear power plant equipment. A three state Markov model will be introduced, considering a degraded state in addition to an operational state and a failed state. (author)

  9. Preventive Maintenance of the Electrical Equipment of HANARO

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrical equipment deterioration is normal, but equipment failure is not inevitable. As soon as new equipment is installed, a process of a normal deterioration begins. Unchecked, the deterioration process can cause a malfunction or an electrical failure. Preventive maintenance is defined as an activity undertaken regularly at preselected intervals while a system is operating satisfactorily, to reduce or eliminate an accumulated deterioration, while a repair is an activity to bring a system to as a good as new status after a failure has occurred. Electric equipment of HANARO such as high and low voltage switchgear and motor control centers, etc., have been operated since they were installed in 1993. We have conducted a periodic and surveillance test on these equipment. And the equipment go through an inspection by the Korea Electrical Safety Corporation (KESCO) every two or three years. We planned to overhaul the major components, such as the protective device (vacuum circuit breaker, air circuit breaker and protective relay), transformer and high and low voltage switchgear bus as a preventive maintenance (PM) and conducted the overhaul in 2007. The overhaul was conducted in two ways. One was an inspection and maintenance of the major components, and the other was an electric system analysis. This paper describes the overhaul activities and their results

  10. Developing Predictive Maintenance Expertise to Improve Plant Equipment Reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-line equipment condition monitoring is a critical component of the world-class production and safety histories of many successful nuclear plant operators. From addressing availability and operability concerns of nuclear safety-related equipment to increasing profitability through support system reliability and reduced maintenance costs, Predictive Maintenance programs have increasingly become a vital contribution to the maintenance and operation decisions of nuclear facilities. In recent years, significant advancements have been made in the quality and portability of many of the instruments being used, and software improvements have been made as well. However, the single most influential component of the success of these programs is the impact of a trained and experienced team of personnel putting this technology to work. Changes in the nature of the power generation industry brought on by competition, mergers, and acquisitions, has taken the historically stable personnel environment of power generation and created a very dynamic situation. As a result, many facilities have seen a significant turnover in personnel in key positions, including predictive maintenance personnel. It has become the challenge for many nuclear operators to maintain the consistent contribution of quality data and information from predictive maintenance that has become important in the overall equipment decision process. These challenges can be met through the implementation of quality training to predictive maintenance personnel and regular updating and re-certification of key technology holders. The use of data management tools and services aid in the sharing of information across sites within an operating company, and with experts who can contribute value-added data management and analysis. The overall effectiveness of predictive maintenance programs can be improved through the incorporation of newly developed comprehensive technology training courses. These courses address the use of

  11. Maintenance approach and remote equipment design for FER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The latest FER remote maintenance concept and various remote equipments design are described. Reactor concept of the FER is decided based primarily on tradeoffs between reliability of maintenance scheme and minimization of capital costs. Key features of the FER structure are: 1) the most reliable maintenance procedure, 2) optimization of PF coil allocation, 3) installation of sacrificed ''guard limiter'' on the inboard first wall area against off-normal conditions, and 4) reliable and simple shielding structure (water-tank type shield). Local guard limiters are designed to be easily replaceable without breaking a plasma vacuum. Outboard shield and divertor modules are planned to be removed by horizontal access with reliable single straight-line motion. Transfer casks are prepared for the containment of tritium and activated debris during transportation. As for equipments, design study puts emphasis upon the ''inboard/outboard limiter handling equipments'', ''transfer cask for tritium/radioactive debris'', and ''in-vessel manipulator system for inspection''. This paper consists of general description of the FER, design philosophy, design conditions, maintenance procedure, remote handling equipments, repair facility, and urgent R and D issues/JAERI's R and D programme for remote handling. (author). 7 refs, 6 figs, 3 tabs

  12. Head-end reprocessing equipment remote maintenance demonstration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prototype equipment for reprocessing breeder reactor nuclear fuel was installed in the Remote Operation and Maintenance Demonstration (ROMD) area of the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program (CFRP) facility at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in order to evaluate the design of this equipment in a cold mock-up of a remotely maintained hot cell. This equipment included the Remote Disassembly System (RDS) and the Remote Shear System (RSS). These systems were disassembled and reassembled remotely by using the extensive remote handling systems that are installed in this simulated hot-cell environment. 5 refs., 5 figs

  13. An Optimization Method for Condition Based Maintenance of Aircraft Fleet Considering Prognostics Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Qiang Feng; Yiran Chen; Bo Sun; Songjie Li

    2014-01-01

    An optimization method for condition based maintenance (CBM) of aircraft fleet considering prognostics uncertainty is proposed. The CBM and dispatch process of aircraft fleet is analyzed first, and the alternative strategy sets for single aircraft are given. Then, the optimization problem of fleet CBM with lower maintenance cost and dispatch risk is translated to the combinatorial optimization problem of single aircraft strategy. Remain useful life (RUL) distribution of the key line replaceab...

  14. Stressing Symbolic Scheduling Techniques within Aircraft Maintenance Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviana Bruno

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Scheduling, or planning, is widely recognized as a very important step in several domains such as high level synthesis, real-time systems, and every-day applications. Given a problem described by a number of actions and their relationships, finding a schedule, or a plan, means to find a way to perform all the actions minimizing a specific cost function. The goal of this paper is to develop, analyze and compare different scheduling techniques on a new scheduling/planning problem. The new application domain is aircraft maintenance. It shares with previous ones the underlying problem definition, but it also unveils brand new challenging characteristics, and a different optimization target. We show how to model the problem in a suitable way, and how to solve it with different methodologies going from Satisfiability solvers and Binary Decision Diagrams, to Timed Automata and Coloured Petri Nets. New ideas are put forward in the different domains having efficiency and scalability as main targets. Experimental results stress the different techniques, showing their application range and limits, and defining advantages and disadvantages of the underlying models. Overall, general-purpose tools have been easily applied to our problem, but failed as far as efficiency was concerned. The satisfiability-based approach proved to be faster and more scalable, being able to solve instances 3−4 times larger. To sum up, our contributions range from modeling the aircraft maintenance problem as a scheduling instance, to coding this problem with home-made and general-purpose tools, to dovetailing exact and heuristic techniques, and comparing these techniques in terms of efficiency and scalabilit

  15. Maintenance of electromechanical equipment in quality organization under operating conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper outlines the principles adopted by the Thermal Production Service of Electricite de France on the basis of the experience of the first years of operation of its 900 MW(e)PWR units for the purpose of improving quality organization in operating conditions in respect of the maintenance of electromechanical safety equipment. This organization is based on application of the usual principles for quality assurance, adapted in accordance with current French regulations. The paper first recalls the now traditional methods of applying the principles of quality organization in the area of equipment maintenance. It then defines particular so-called ''delicate'' activities which, in accordance with the above regulations, are subjected to additional quality organizational procedures; this applies in particular to the area of pre-maintenance preparation and studies and to the control exercised by the French safety authorities over the execution of those activities. The paper explains how the application of the regulations improves maintenance practices compared with standard quality organization. It describes how the attempt to establish a frontier between these two types of activity (current and ''delicate'') has led to the definition of a classification criterion which is technically correct and simple to use and is based on the professional skills of those performing each activity. The paper then describes in greater detail the principal rules for the performance of those tasks which come under the standard organization and those to which more stringent criteria apply. Lastly, it explains the thinking behind equipment surveillance programmes and the analysis of anomalies discovered through surveillance measures or brought to light by operating incidents, the aim of these being to benefit from the experience gained

  16. 49 CFR 1242.42 - Administration, repair and maintenance, machinery repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Administration, repair and maintenance, machinery repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired property, fringe benefits, other casualties and insurance... maintenance, machinery repair, equipment damaged, dismantling retired property, fringe benefits,...

  17. 30 CFR 57.3460 - Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Maintenance between machinery or equipment and... NONMETAL MINES Ground Control Precautions-Underground Only § 57.3460 Maintenance between machinery or equipment and ribs. Persons shall not perform maintenance work between machinery or equipment and...

  18. Application and issues of online maintenance for equipment of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance systems for long-term safety and repair costs reduction of equipment of nuclear power plants are stated. Planned maintenance contained the breakdown maintenance (BM) and the preventive maintenance, which consists of the time based maintenance (MBM) and the condition based maintenance (CBM). Explained are the characteristics of equipments, maintenance methods, maintenance solutions and the self-evaluation maintenance power, damage mechanism and solutions, and monitoring tools and application. Stated are the maintenance system and application of monitoring technology, periodical maintenance, application of diagnosis, vibration monitoring techniques, decision of vibration monitoring, and application of monitoring techniques for improvement of maintenance. Illustrated are realization of planned maintenance by reorganization of maintenance, a trend of maintenance of equipments, table of classified maintenance systems, change of maintenance program, maintenance data and investigation of damage mechanism, examples of self-evaluation maintenance power, examples of analysis of damage of parts of equipments, evaluation of rotating machines by vibration method, examples of results of diagnosis of bearing of rotating machines, online maintenance system of Asahi Kasei Engineering Corporation, degradation pattern of pomp, estimation of lifetime by total vibration and vibration on acceleration, and improvement of equipments. (S.Y.)

  19. Maintenance program developmentandImport /Export of Aircraft in USA

    OpenAIRE

    Takele, Teklu

    2009-01-01

    AbstractThis thesis discuss how United Parcel Service (UPS) develop its aircraft maintenanceprogram after import of McDonnell Douglas MD-11aircraft and the process of exporting newMD-11 aircraft from manufacturer in USA to European operator as passenger aircraft. It alsodiscusses the process of importing the same types of aircraft as freight carrier. The aircraftundergo, through different modifications at Singapore Technologies Aerospace (STA)conversion from passenger to freight carrier, a pr...

  20. Probe on network-based collaborative maintenance mode for after-sales equipment

    OpenAIRE

    Sheng Tianwen; Chen Xiaohui; Yi Shuping; Gao Xiangbo; Ye Qiang; Lee Jay

    2009-01-01

    As the structure and technologies of modern equipment become more and more complicated and it is hard to improve equipment's after-sales maintenance service under traditional mode, in this text, network-based collaborative maintenance mode for after-sales equipment was proposed. Specifically, under the leading of equipment manufacturer under guaranty or equipment user outside guaranty, manufacturer, user, designers, maintainers, spare parts suppliers and maintenance experts were integrated to...

  1. Corrosion Sensor Development for Condition-Based Maintenance of Aircraft

    OpenAIRE

    Gino Rinaldi; Trisha Huber; Heather McIntosh; Les Lebrun; Heping Ding; John Weber

    2012-01-01

    Aircraft routinely operate in atmospheric environments that, over time, will impact their structural integrity. Material protection and selection schemes notwithstanding, recurrent exposure to chlorides, pollution, temperature gradients, and moisture provide the necessary electrochemical conditions for the development and profusion of corrosion in aircraft structures. For aircraft operators, this becomes an important safety matter as corrosion found in a given aircraft must be assumed to be p...

  2. Probe on Network-based Collaborative Maintenance Model for After-sales Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Xiaohui; SHENG Tianwen; YI Shuping

    2009-01-01

    In order to make equipment run safely, economically and continuously, some new maintenance models were put forward to improve the equipment after-sale maintenance service, such as E-maintenance, third-party maintenance, etc. To certain extent, the models solved the problem of the distance between the manufacturer and customer and the dispersion of the maintenance technologies, however, those resources are still widely distributed and do not collaborate efficiently. In this paper, a network-based collaborative maintenance service model was proposed for after-sales equipment to solve the problem of maintenance resources integration. Concretely, equipment designers, maintainers, spare parts suppliers and maintenance experts were grouped together to establish dynamic alliance. The leader of the alliance is the manufacturer under guaranty period or equipment user exceeding the guaranty period. The process of maintenance service was divided into three stages which are fault diagnosis, maintenance decision and maintenance implementation. The sub-alliances were established to carry out maintenance work at each stage. In addition, the business process of network-based collaborative maintenance was analyzed and collaborative business system for equipment's after-sales collaborative maintenance service was designed. In the end, an informational economics model of network-based collaborative maintenance was established to demonstrate the effectiveness of this maintenance model.

  3. Research and development of remote maintenance equipment for ITER divertor maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To facilitate easy remote maintainability, the ITER divertor is divided into 60 cassettes, which are transported in the toroidal and radial directions for replacement through maintenance ports located every 90 degrees using the divertor remote maintenance equipment such as in- and ex-vessel transporters. The cassette of 25 tons has to be transported and installed in the vacuum vessel with a positioning accuracy less than 2 mm in the limited space of the vacuum vessel and maintenance port under the intense gamma radiation field. Based on these requirements, the following design and tests were performed. (1) Link mechanism was studied to apply to the transportation of the heavy cassette in the restricted space. A compact mechanism with links for transportation of heavy cassette is designed through the optimization of the link angle taking account of space requirement and force efficiency. As a test result, the lifting capacity of 30 tons (larger than the cassette weight of 25 tons) using two link mechanisms has been demonstrated in the limited space. (2) Compact link mechanism was also studied to apply for locking of the cassette through the optimization of the link angle taking account of space requirement and force efficiency. As a test result, the final positioning accuracy of 0.03 mm for the 25 tons-cassette installation on the vacuum vessel from the initial positioning error of 5 mm has been demonstrated, so that the test result satisfies the requirement less than 2 mm using the link mechanisms in the limited space. (3) Sensor-based control using simple sensors such as optical fiber for divertor maintenance was tested using the full-scale mock-up divertor cassette and remote maintenance equipment. As a result, it is found that the positioning accuracy of 0.16 mm has been achieved by the optical fiber sensor and this value is sufficient for sensor-based control. In addition, the maintenance operation has been carried out through the human-machine interface

  4. Methodology for development of condition-based maintenance program for surface drilling equipment

    OpenAIRE

    Sizov, Ilya

    2012-01-01

    Maintenance is the essential part of production process in today’s industry. There are several philosophies (e.g. corrective maintenance and preventive maintenance) and concepts (e.g. overall equipment efficiency and reliability-centered maintenance) that are applied in industry. The challenge here is to choose the proper ones for the specific operation conditions and equipment. The solution to this challenge can be found through implementation of a reliability-centered mainten...

  5. Predictive maintenance of critical equipment in industrial processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemian, Hashem M.

    This dissertation is an account of present and past research and development (R&D) efforts conducted by the author to develop and implement new technology for predictive maintenance and equipment condition monitoring in industrial processes. In particular, this dissertation presents the design of an integrated condition-monitoring system that incorporates the results of three current R&D projects with a combined funding of $2.8 million awarded to the author by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). This system will improve the state of the art in equipment condition monitoring and has applications in numerous industries including chemical and petrochemical plants, aviation and aerospace, electric power production and distribution, and a variety of manufacturing processes. The work that is presented in this dissertation is unique in that it introduces a new class of condition-monitoring methods that depend predominantly on the normal output of existing process sensors. It also describes current R&D efforts to develop data acquisition systems and data analysis algorithms and software packages that use the output of these sensors to determine the condition and health of industrial processes and their equipment. For example, the output of a pressure sensor in an operating plant can be used not only to indicate the pressure, but also to verify the calibration and response time of the sensor itself and identify anomalies in the process such as blockages, voids, and leaks that can interfere with accurate measurement of process parameters or disturb the plant's operation, safety, or reliability. Today, process data are typically collected at a rate of one sample per second (1 Hz) or slower. If this sampling rate is increased to 100 samples per second or higher, much more information can be extracted from the normal output of a process sensor and then used for condition monitoring, equipment performance measurements, and predictive maintenance. A fast analog-to-digital (A

  6. A Curriculum Guide for Heavy Equipment Operation and Maintenance: Safety & First Aid, Operation, Maintenance, Truck Driving, Diesel Mechanics, Construction Surveying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollock, Steve; Henegar, Wayne

    This curriculum guide uses six units to classify the areas of study which are taught under the broad category of Heavy Equipment Operation and Maintenance. The units are Safety and First Aid (1.0.0), Heavy Equipment Maintenance (2.0.0), Heavy Equipment Operation (3.0.0), Truck Driving (4.0.0), Diesel Mechanics (5.0.0), and Construction Surveying…

  7. Configuration control during maintenance of safety related equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Possibly the most important aspect of performing maintenance of safety related equipment is maintaining the component's original design basis. Assuring that the repaired item will perform the same safety function within the original performance and equipment qualification parameters is commonly referred to as configuration control. Maintaining configuration control of a technologically current well documented item is easy. Unfortunately, this does not describe most safety related items requiring maintenance within the global nuclear industry. Items such as motors, transformers, metal clad switchgear (low and medium voltage circuit breakers), refrigeration compressors, and electronic components (i.e. circuit boards, power supplies, regulators, etc.) which routinely require repair have been in service for twenty plus years. As a result, finding replacement parts and or material to repair the items to the original condition is becoming more and more difficult. An added difficulty is the lack of original technical documentation available on the item which is being repaired. The lack of technical documentation makes it difficult to identify replacement material and parts when the original part or material is not available. The lack of documentation also makes it difficult to test the repaired item to make sure that the original configuration has been maintained after the repair. The presentation will discuss the details of repairing various items including motors, metal clad switchgear, refrigeration compressors and power supplies and the controls which are necessary to maintain the configuration of the original item. The discussion will include the Quality Assurance and engineering necessary to identify and evaluate replacement material and parts necessary to perform repairs on safety related equipment when the original material or part is not available. Examples of repairs which required different parts or materials than the original to be used in the repair will be

  8. Probe on network-based collaborative maintenance mode for after-sales equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheng Tianwen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available As the structure and technologies of modern equipment become more and more complicated and it is hard to improve equipment's after-sales maintenance service under traditional mode, in this text, network-based collaborative maintenance mode for after-sales equipment was proposed. Specifically, under the leading of equipment manufacturer under guaranty or equipment user outside guaranty, manufacturer, user, designers, maintainers, spare parts suppliers and maintenance experts were integrated to establish dynamic alliance to carry out maintenance operations together based on network. In addition, the business process of network-based collaborative maintenance was analyzed and an information economics model of network-based collaborative maintenance was established to demonstrate the effectiveness of this maintenance mode.

  9. The Efficiency Analysis and A Market Decision Model on Equipment Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents and analyses the internal and external efficiencies of equipment maintenance, and presents that the objective of maintenance is the maximum external efficiency. It defines generalized reliability degree of equipment and deduces the correspondent calculating method. It overcomes the defect that traditional calculating method of reliability degree has, which only considers the factor of time not function, therefore we establish a market decision model of equipment maintenance based on it. This model can determine the marginal efficiency of maintenance investment and critical value of generalized reliability degree when it reaches break-even point. After combining the equipment maintenance with economical benefit of enterprise and marketing situation of products, an optimal maintenance strategy will be got. It provides a new method for scientific and rational decisions of equipment maintenance.``

  10. Management of radiological related equipments. Creating the equipment management database and analysis of the repair and maintenance records

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1997, we established the committee of equipments maintenance and management in our department. We designed the database in order to classify and register all the radiological related equipments using Microsoft Access. The management of conditions and cost of each equipment has become easier, by keeping and recording the database in the equipments management ledger and by filing the history of repairs or maintenances occurred to modalities. We then accounted numbers, cost of repairs and downtimes from the data of the repair and maintenance records for four years, and we reexamined the causal analysis of failures and the contents of the regular maintenance for CT and MRI equipments that had shown the higher numbers of repairs. Consequently, we have found the improvement of registration method of the data and the more economical way to use of the cost of repair. (author)

  11. On reliability and maintenance modelling of ageing equipment in electric power systems

    OpenAIRE

    Lindquist, Tommie

    2008-01-01

    Maintenance optimisation is essential to achieve cost-efficiency, availability and reliability of supply in electric power systems. The process of maintenance optimisation requires information about the costs of preventive and corrective maintenance, as well as the costs of failures borne by both electricity suppliers and customers. To calculate expected costs, information is needed about equipment reliability characteristics and the way in which maintenance affects equipment reliability. The...

  12. Modelling maintenance effects on manufacturing equipment performance: results from simulation analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Muchiri Nganga, Peter; Pintelon, Liliane; Martin, Harry; Chemweno, Peter Kipruto

    2013-01-01

    Equipment maintenance and system reliability are important factors affecting the organisation’s ability to provide quality and timely services to customer. While maintenance remains an important function to manufacturing, it is only recently that attempts have been made to quantify its impact on equipment performance. In this research, an approach of linking maintenance with equipment performance is developed using simulation modelling. The modelling approach involves defining probabilistic m...

  13. Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Aircraft Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul Solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Soumitra; Jasani, Devashish; Dudhwewala, Rachit; Gowda, Vijay Bore; Nair, T R Gopalakrishnan

    2010-01-01

    This paper reviews application of Artificial Neural Networks in Aircraft Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO). MRO solutions are designed to facilitate the authoring and delivery of maintenance and repair information to the line maintenance technicians who need to improve aircraft repair turn around time, optimize the efficiency and consistency of fleet maintenance and ensure regulatory compliance. The technical complexity of aircraft systems, especially in avionics, has increased to the point at which it poses a significant troubleshotting and repair challenge for MRO personnel. As per the existing scenario, the MRO systems in place are inefficient. In this paper, we propose the centralization and integration of the MRO database to increase its efficiency. Moreover the implementation of Artificial Neural Networks in this system can rid the system of many of its deficiencies. In order to make the system more efficient we propose to integrate all the modules so as to reduce the efficacy of repair.

  14. 30 CFR 77.404 - Machinery and equipment; operation and maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery and equipment; operation and... OF UNDERGROUND COAL MINES Safeguards for Mechanical Equipment § 77.404 Machinery and equipment; operation and maintenance. (a) Mobile and stationary machinery and equipment shall be maintained in...

  15. 30 CFR 75.1725 - Machinery and equipment; operation and maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Machinery and equipment; operation and....1725 Machinery and equipment; operation and maintenance. (a) Mobile and stationary machinery and equipment shall be maintained in safe operating condition and machinery or equipment in unsafe...

  16. THE OFFICIAL AUDIT: THE MAINTENANCE OF THE STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Claudio Biglia

    2008-01-01

    The author distinguishes the ordinary maintenance in corrective, preventive and predictive maintenance and describes the importance of the verifications of the maintenance procedures of the structures and the equipmentes in the food industy. He individualizes criterions to follow for an aware detective check. This approach offers a greater guarantee of food security and a greater responsibility of OSA

  17. THE OFFICIAL AUDIT: THE MAINTENANCE OF THE STRUCTURES AND EQUIPMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Biglia

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The author distinguishes the ordinary maintenance in corrective, preventive and predictive maintenance and describes the importance of the verifications of the maintenance procedures of the structures and the equipmentes in the food industy. He individualizes criterions to follow for an aware detective check. This approach offers a greater guarantee of food security and a greater responsibility of OSA

  18. Optimization of Equipment Maintenance Strategy Based on Availability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张友诚

    2001-01-01

    It is very important to optimize maintenance strategy in maintenance plan. Proper parameters play a decisive role for the optimization. In the opinion of writer, availability is a basic parameter, failure consequence cost and failure characteristic are also important parameters. Maintenance strategy can be optimized on the base by means of quantitative analysis and diagram.

  19. 47 CFR 87.75 - Maintenance of antenna structure marking and control equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirements § 87.75 Maintenance of antenna structure marking and control equipment. The owner of each antenna... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance of antenna structure marking and control equipment. 87.75 Section 87.75 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION...

  20. 47 CFR 90.441 - Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure marking and associated control equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Requirements § 90.441 Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure marking and associated control equipment... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure marking and associated control equipment. 90.441 Section 90.441 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

  1. Effect of electromagnetic interference by neonatal transport equipment on aircraft operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nish, W A; Walsh, W F; Land, P; Swedenburg, M

    1989-06-01

    The number of civilian air ambulance services operating in the United States has been steadily increasing. The quantity and sophistication of electronic equipment used during neonatal transport have also increased. All medical equipment generates some electromagnetic interference (EMI). Excessive EMI can interfere with any of an aircraft's electrical systems, including navigation and communications. The United States military has strict standards for maximum EMI in transport equipment. Over the past 15 years, approximately 70% of neonatal transport monitors, ventilators, and incubators have failed testing due to excessive EMI. As neonatal transport equipment becomes more sophisticated, EMI is increased, and there is greater potential for aircraft malfunction. The Federal Aviation Administration should develop civilian standards for acceptable EMI, civilian aircraft operators must be aware of the possible dangers of excessive EMI, and equipment which does not meet future FAA standards should not be purchased. PMID:2751593

  2. Development of support system for maintenance and administration of reprocessing plant equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Each year, maintenance work is carried out for about 10,000 pieces of equipment, including mechanical devices, electric equipment and instruments, at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant. Ninety percent of such maintenance work is preventive maintenance. In order to manage the information about the maintenance work, a computer support system was developed between 1985 and 1992. Twenty-seven thousand pieces of equipment and 180,000 maintenance histories have already been registered in the system. The system has been used for planning inspections and replacement of equipment as well as checking their maintenance histories. Actual usage of the system has shown that some auxiliary functions need to be added. The system will therefore be improved and extended. (author)

  3. Peripheral Neuropathy in Military Aircraft Maintenance Workers in Australia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guest, Maya; Attia, John R.; D'Este, Catherine A.; Boggess, May M.; Brown, Anthony M.; Gibson, Richard E.; Tavener, Meredith A.; Ross, James; Gardner, Ian; Harrex, Warren

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study aimed to examine possible persisting peripheral neuropathy in a group who undertook fuel tank repairs on F-111 aircraft, relative to two contemporaneous comparison groups. Methods: Vibration perception threshold (VPT) was tested using biothesiometry in 614 exposed personnel, co

  4. Forecasting Electrical Energy Consumption of Equipment Maintenance Using Neural Network and Particle Swarm Optimization

    OpenAIRE

    Xunlin Jiang; Haifeng Ling; Jun Yan; Bo Li; Zhao Li

    2013-01-01

    Accurate forecasting of electrical energy consumption of equipment maintenance plays an important role in maintenance decision making and helps greatly in sustainable energy use. The paper presents an approach for forecasting electrical energy consumption of equipment maintenance based on artificial neural network (ANN) and particle swarm optimization (PSO). A multilayer forward ANN is used for modeling relationships between the input variables and the expected electrical energy consumption, ...

  5. Study on the Management for the Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance and Equipment Reliability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Kyeongseop; Lee, Sangheon; Kim, Myungjin; Lee, Unjang [ORIONENC Co., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-05-15

    In our country, many studies on the regulatory policy of the plant maintenance have ever been performed since 1998, but the relevant regulatory requirements were not established yet. These background mentioned above request us to study on the regulation policy and maintenance plan to improve the safety, reliability and efficiency of NPP. To solve these problems, in this study, we deduct the management methodology for the improvement of NPP maintenance and equipment reliability that is essential to secure the safety and efficiency of the commercial NPP. For analysis the maintenance and equipment reliability management methodology in overseas NPP. We studied maintenance and equipment reliability of USA, Canada and Europe(France, England, German). We also studied status and application condition of Korean NPP maintenance management technical development. We deducted an effective maintenance methodology that is needed to Korean NPP, as a result of comparison on the technical trend of the maintenance management between overseas and Korean, such like following. - Regulation form ·Specific provision of regulation requirement and application of form that is clarifying application standard - Maintenance management methodology, Maintenance management program. This results of study could be applied for regulation policy, law and guideline establishment of NPP maintenance, operation, supervision and a system establishment for maintenance management, education data about maintenance for NPP employees.

  6. Study on the Management for the Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance and Equipment Reliability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In our country, many studies on the regulatory policy of the plant maintenance have ever been performed since 1998, but the relevant regulatory requirements were not established yet. These background mentioned above request us to study on the regulation policy and maintenance plan to improve the safety, reliability and efficiency of NPP. To solve these problems, in this study, we deduct the management methodology for the improvement of NPP maintenance and equipment reliability that is essential to secure the safety and efficiency of the commercial NPP. For analysis the maintenance and equipment reliability management methodology in overseas NPP. We studied maintenance and equipment reliability of USA, Canada and Europe(France, England, German). We also studied status and application condition of Korean NPP maintenance management technical development. We deducted an effective maintenance methodology that is needed to Korean NPP, as a result of comparison on the technical trend of the maintenance management between overseas and Korean, such like following. - Regulation form ·Specific provision of regulation requirement and application of form that is clarifying application standard - Maintenance management methodology, Maintenance management program. This results of study could be applied for regulation policy, law and guideline establishment of NPP maintenance, operation, supervision and a system establishment for maintenance management, education data about maintenance for NPP employees

  7. Electrochemical Machining – Special Equipment and Applications in Aircraft Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruszaj Adam

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical machining is an unique method of shaping in which, for optimal parameters tool has no wear, surface layer properties after machining are similar to the core material and surface quality and accuracy increase together with material removal rate increase. Such advantages of electrochemical machining, besides of some ecological problems, create industry interest in the range of manufacturing elements made of materials with special properties (i.e. turbine blades of flow aircrafts engines. In the paper the nowadays possibilities and recent practical application of electrochemical machining in aircraft have been presented.

  8. A Study of Aviation Weapon Equipment Maintenance Based on the Semi-Markov Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Based on the Semi-Markov mathematical description, the multiple states of maintenance processes for aviation weapon equipment are studied. Six kinds of maintenance states are determined and the Semi-Markov model of the maintenance process is given. According to maintenance characteristic, the multiple states maintenance processes are divided into the wait, use and alternate stages.Through using the mathematical model for the different stages, the probability in different states and effective index on different stages are obtained. These results are available to the maintenance practice.

  9. Impairment of color vision in aircraft maintenance workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guest, Maya; D'Este, Catherine; Attia, John; Boggess, May; Brown, Anthony; Tavener, Meredith; Gibson, Richard; Gardner, Ian; Harrex, Warren; Ross, James

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine possible persisting effects to color vision in a group from the Royal Australian Air Force who had exposure to formulations containing neurotoxins during F-111 fuel tank maintenance, relative to two contemporaneous comparison groups. Methods Color visi

  10. Using Intelligent Simulation to Enhance Human Performance in Aircraft Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William B.; Norton, Jeffrey E.

    1992-01-01

    Human factors research and development investigates the capabilities and limitations of the human within a system. Of the many variables affecting human performance in the aviation maintenance system, training is among the most important. The advent of advanced technology hardware and software has created intelligent training simulations. This paper describes one advanced technology training system under development for the Federal Aviation Administration.

  11. Vocational Training and European Standardisation of Qualifications: The Case of Aircraft Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Joachim; Ourtau, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    Initiatives to standardise the conditions for practising certain regulated activities are being taken at European level, particularly in light of the free movement of people and the recognition of qualifications in Member states. This paper looks at the introduction of european licences for aircraft maintenance engineers. It follows an in-depth…

  12. Medical Equipment Maintenance Programme Overview WHO Medical device technical series

    CERN Document Server

    Organization, World Health

    2011-01-01

    WHO and partners have been working towards devising an agenda an action plan tools and guidelines to increase access to appropriate medical devices. This document is part of a series of reference documents being developed for use at the country level. The series will include the following subject areas: . policy framework for health technology . medical device regulations . health technology assessment . health technology management . needs assessment of medical devices . medical device procurement . medical equipment donations . medical equipment inventory management . medical equipment maint

  13. Use of augmented reality in aircraft maintenance operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Marchi, L.; Ceruti, A.; Testoni, N.; Marzani, A.; Liverani, A.

    2014-03-01

    This paper illustrates a Human-Machine Interface based on Augmented Reality (AR) conceived to provide to maintenance operators the results of an impact detection methodology. In particular, the implemented tool dynamically interacts with a head portable visualization device allowing the inspector to see the estimated impact position on the structure. The impact detection methodology combines the signals collected by a network of piezosensors bonded on the structure to be monitored. Then a signal processing algorithm is applied to compensate for dispersion the acquired guided waves. The compensated waveforms yield to a robust estimation of guided waves difference in distance of propagation (DDOP), used to feed hyperbolic algorithms for impact location determination. The output of the impact methodology is passed to an AR visualization technology that is meant to support the inspector during the on-field inspection/diagnosis as well as the maintenance operations. The inspector, in fact, can see interactively in real time the impact data directly on the surface of the structure. Here the proposed approach is tested on the engine cowling of a Cessna 150 general aviation airplane. Preliminary results confirm the feasibility of the method and its exploitability in maintenance practice.

  14. Study and organization of the maintenance of electronic equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This work has consisted in the observation of maintenance actions analysing not only the times but also the cost to repair. The good use of multidimensionnal analysis brought a photograph of the maintenance section of the Nuclear Instrumentation Department of Saclay's Research center. This image resulted in different parameters all external (cost, number of repair,...) leading to the efficiency of the action, to the technological complexity of the item, or the ability to find faults, Beyond these verifications one can dispose of means to evaluate maintenance. In order to group, to sort or to sample data it was necessary to dispose of the computer support necessary for calculations and handling the maintenance data. This tool and the necessary sofware were developped on this occasion. The APL sofware rest on a common structure basis conceived for simplicity and the ease of the user

  15. Planning Maintenance of Medical Equipment Through the Workforce Adjustment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Herrera Galán

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The health institutions have gained experience in managing their processes. For many the key to success lies in human resource management. Companies require personnel, and while more appropriate is the staff, its effi ciency will be greater. With the present article, we intend to provide a proceeding that supports the functions of the maintenance department at a hospital, under the criterion of determine the necessary staff, to carry out the maintenance tasks. Several factors are combined, highlighting, workload derived from the annual maintenance plan and the time available for department employees. The results obtained, permitted the identifi cation of the necessary staff to carry out the planned preventive maintenance actions at the at Children's Hospital Juan Manuel Marquez.

  16. Maintenance problems in nuclear power plants mechanical equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance problems faced in the areas of pneumatic systems, ventilation systems, moderator system valves, adjuster rods, and moderator pumps of the Madras Atomic Power Station are highlighted. Suggestions are provided to reduce downtime. (M.K.V.)

  17. Aviation Maintenance (Aircraft Mechanics & Aircraft & Instrument Repair Personnel). Aviation Careers Series. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaharevitz, Walter

    This booklet, one in a series on aviation careers, outlines career opportunities in aviation maintenance. The booklet provides the following information about aviation maintenance jobs: nature of the work, working conditions, where the jobs are, wages and benefits, opportunities for advancement, requirements to enter the job, opportunities for…

  18. Maintenance optimization of nuclear power plant equipment with the help of a three state Markov model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance of nuclear power plant systems and components is essential to assure continuous safe operation. Although maintenance can be seen as a traditional activity, methods and approaches to optimize maintenance from both the safety and the economic standpoint only recently have been developed. Some of those approaches were adopted from other industries like aerospace and outer space industry or are the extension of new methods which have already been applied in the nuclear industry. In standard reliability and probabilistic safety assessment modeling of nuclear power plant equipment, only two states are considered: success and failure. Yet in many cases there is no immediate transition from success to failure. Equipment may show significant degradation, indicating a more serious failure to occur. Equipment degradation can, however, in many cases be detected and corrected. Thus a total loss of function, a possible serious impact to plant safety and reliability, can be avoided. With the inclusion of a degraded state, especially scheduled, preventive maintenance activities turn out to have remarkable benefits regarding equipment performance. In order to evaluate the benefits of maintenance on a quantitative basis and to optimize preventive maintenance strategies, a numerical simulation of stochastic processes has been developed for component performance and reliability simulation of safety related nuclear power plant equipment. A three state Markov mode has been implemented, considering a degraded state in addition to the operational state and the failed state. The application of the reliability simulation to safety related pumps shows a possible approach to maintenance optimization, considering both equipment reliability and availability. (author)

  19. 75 FR 28504 - Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Rotax Aircraft Engines 912 A Series Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic... Aircraft model Engine model Aeromot-Industrial Mecanico AMT-200......... 912 A2 Metalurgica tda.....

  20. 75 FR 32315 - Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Rotax Aircraft Engines 912 A Series Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... Engine model Aeromot-Industria Mecanico AMT-200 912 A2. Metalurgica ltda. Diamond Aircraft...

  1. Underwater fuel handling equipment maintenance. Verification of design assumptions, specific problems and tools, case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The majority of CANDU Fuel Transfer System equipment at Pickering is located under fourteen feet of water, as dictated by the containment and shielding requirements. Such arrangement, however, creates specific problems with equipment maintenance. Each single piece of equipment serves two generating units, which means in case of defect- double losses on production, or two units shut down simultaneously for planned maintenance. The requirement for underwater maintenance was not anticipated at the design stage, which multiples the level of difficulty, and creates requirement for developing special tools for each work. Removal of the damaged fuel from the receiving bays and decontamination of submerged equipment is also part of the problem. The purpose of this presentation is to share our experience with the designers, operators, maintenance mechanics and technical personnel of the other CANDU generating stations

  2. On reliability and maintenance modelling of ageing equipment in electric power systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindquist, Tommie

    2008-04-15

    Maintenance optimisation is essential to achieve cost-efficiency, availability and reliability of supply in electric power systems. The process of maintenance optimisation requires information about the costs of preventive and corrective maintenance, as well as the costs of failures borne by both electricity suppliers and customers. To calculate expected costs, information is needed about equipment reliability characteristics and the way in which maintenance affects equipment reliability. The aim of this Ph.D. work has been to develop equipment reliability models taking the effect of maintenance into account. The research has focussed on the interrelated areas of condition estimation, reliability modelling and maintenance modelling, which have been investigated in a number of case studies. In the area of condition estimation two methods to quantitatively estimate the condition of disconnector contacts have been developed, which utilise results from infrared thermography inspections and contact resistance measurements. The accuracy of these methods were investigated in two case studies. Reliability models have been developed and implemented for SF6 circuit-breakers, disconnector contacts and XLPE cables in three separate case studies. These models were formulated using both empirical and physical modelling approaches. To improve confidence in such models a Bayesian statistical method incorporating information from the equipment design process was also developed. This method was illustrated in a case study of SF6 circuit-breaker operating rods. Methods for quantifying the effect of maintenance on equipment condition and reliability have been investigated in case studies on disconnector contacts and SF6 circuit-breakers. The input required by these methods are condition measurements and historical failure and maintenance data, respectively. This research has demonstrated that the effect of maintenance on power system equipment may be quantified using available data

  3. On reliability and maintenance modelling of ageing equipment in electric power systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance optimisation is essential to achieve cost-efficiency, availability and reliability of supply in electric power systems. The process of maintenance optimisation requires information about the costs of preventive and corrective maintenance, as well as the costs of failures borne by both electricity suppliers and customers. To calculate expected costs, information is needed about equipment reliability characteristics and the way in which maintenance affects equipment reliability. The aim of this Ph.D. work has been to develop equipment reliability models taking the effect of maintenance into account. The research has focussed on the interrelated areas of condition estimation, reliability modelling and maintenance modelling, which have been investigated in a number of case studies. In the area of condition estimation two methods to quantitatively estimate the condition of disconnector contacts have been developed, which utilise results from infrared thermography inspections and contact resistance measurements. The accuracy of these methods were investigated in two case studies. Reliability models have been developed and implemented for SF6 circuit-breakers, disconnector contacts and XLPE cables in three separate case studies. These models were formulated using both empirical and physical modelling approaches. To improve confidence in such models a Bayesian statistical method incorporating information from the equipment design process was also developed. This method was illustrated in a case study of SF6 circuit-breaker operating rods. Methods for quantifying the effect of maintenance on equipment condition and reliability have been investigated in case studies on disconnector contacts and SF6 circuit-breakers. The input required by these methods are condition measurements and historical failure and maintenance data, respectively. This research has demonstrated that the effect of maintenance on power system equipment may be quantified using available data

  4. Application and preventive maintenance of neurology medical equipment in Isfahan alzahra hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parivash Alikhani

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: Survey of application and preventive maintenance of neurology medical equipment in Isfahan Alzahra hospital show there is no P.M system. Implementing a complete P.M system for this medical center is crucial to preventing cause problems for these medical equipment and decreasing maintenance costs and gaining uptime. Researchers of this article have tried to provide PM, use of texts, web and experts.

  5. COSWIN Logiciel de Maintenance des Equipements de Levage

    CERN Document Server

    Langer, B

    1999-01-01

    La section 'Maintenance d'équipements de levage' assure l'entretien préventif et correctif d'un parc de 2800 appareils de levage et de manutention. Cette tâche est effectuée en collaboration avec une entreprise, spécialisée dans la maintenance industrielle. Pour faciliter la gestion des interventions, la section ST-HM-PR dispose depuis 1985 d'un système de gestion de maintenance assistée par ordinateur (GMAO). En 1996, cet ancien système a été remplacé par le logiciel 'COSWIN'. Celui-ci correspond aux besoins de la maintenance des appareils de levage. Sa disponibilité sous la plate-forme 'WINDOWS' rend l'utilisation de la GMAO facile et conviviale. 'COSWIN' travaillant en réseau, la base de données est commune pour tous les utilisateurs et mise à jour en temps réel. Depuis leurs locaux, situés au Technoparc de St. Genis, les opérateurs de l'entreprise contractante ont accès au logiciel par une ligne téléphonique. Le contrôle et le suivi des performances de l'entreprise se fait par l'ana...

  6. 75 FR 50865 - Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Rotax Aircraft Engines 912 A Series Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... (75 FR 32315). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and (3) Will not have a significant... in any category: Type certificate holder Aircraft model Engine model Aeromot-Industria Mecanico...

  7. Forecasting Electrical Energy Consumption of Equipment Maintenance Using Neural Network and Particle Swarm Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xunlin Jiang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Accurate forecasting of electrical energy consumption of equipment maintenance plays an important role in maintenance decision making and helps greatly in sustainable energy use. The paper presents an approach for forecasting electrical energy consumption of equipment maintenance based on artificial neural network (ANN and particle swarm optimization (PSO. A multilayer forward ANN is used for modeling relationships between the input variables and the expected electrical energy consumption, and a new adaptive PSO algorithm is proposed for optimizing the parameters of the ANN. Experimental results demonstrate that our approach provides much better accuracies than some other competitive methods on the test data.

  8. Optimization of maintenance for power system equipment using a predictive health model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bajracharya, G.; Koltunowicz, T.; Negenborn, R.R.; Papp, Z.; Djairam, D.; Schutter, B.D. de; Smit, J.J.

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a model-predictive control based framework is proposed for modeling and optimization of the health state of power system equipment. In the framework, a predictive health model is proposed that predicts the health state of the equipment based on its usage and maintenance actions. Based

  9. 47 CFR 80.110 - Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure markings and associated control equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... structure markings and associated control equipment. The owner of each antenna structure required to be... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inspection and maintenance of antenna structure markings and associated control equipment. 80.110 Section 80.110 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

  10. 14 CFR 135.177 - Emergency equipment requirements for aircraft having a passenger seating configuration of more...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... aircraft having a passenger seating configuration of more than 19 passengers. 135.177 Section 135.177... § 135.177 Emergency equipment requirements for aircraft having a passenger seating configuration of more than 19 passengers. (a) No person may operate an aircraft having a passenger seating...

  11. Maintenance-free lead acid battery for inertial navigation systems aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, William R.; Vutetakis, David G.

    1995-05-01

    Historically, Aircraft Inertial Navigation System (INS) Batteries have utilized vented nickel-cadmium batteries for emergency DC power. The United States Navy and Air Force developed separate systems during their respective INS developments. The Navy contracted with Litton Industries to produce the LTN-72 and Air Force contracted with Delco to produce the Carousel IV INS for the large cargo and specialty aircraft applications. Over the years, a total of eight different battery national stock numbers (NSNs) have entered the stock system along with 75 battery spare part NSNs. The Standard Hardware Acquisition and Reliability Program is working with the Aircraft Battery Group at Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, Naval Air Systems Command (AIR 536), Wright Laboratory, Battelle Memorial Institute, and Concorde Battery Corporation to produce a standard INS battery. This paper discusses the approach taken to determine whether the battery should be replaced and to select the replacement chemistry. The paper also discusses the battery requirements, aircraft that the battery is compatible with, and status of Navy flight evaluation. Projected savings in avoided maintenance in Navy and Air Force INS Systems is projected to be $14.7 million per year with a manpower reduction of 153 maintenance personnel. The new INS battery is compatible with commercially sold INS systems which represents 66 percent of the systems sold.

  12. 49 CFR 218.101 - Leaving rolling and on-track maintenance-of-way equipment in the clear.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Leaving rolling and on-track maintenance-of-way... Handling Equipment, Switches, and Fixed Derails § 218.101 Leaving rolling and on-track maintenance-of-way... requirements of this section. (b) Rolling and on-track maintenance-of-way equipment shall not be left where...

  13. Broadband electromagnetic sensors for aircraft lightning research. [electromagnetic effects of lightning on aircraft digital equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trost, T. F.; Zaepfel, K. P.

    1980-01-01

    A set of electromagnetic sensors, or electrically-small antennas, is described. The sensors are designed for installation on an F-106 research aircraft for the measurement of electric and magnetic fields and currents during a lightning strike. The electric and magnetic field sensors mount on the aircraft skin. The current sensor mounts between the nose boom and the fuselage. The sensors are all on the order of 10 cm in size and should produce up to about 100 V for the estimated lightning fields. The basic designs are the same as those developed for nuclear electromagnetic pulse studies. The most important electrical parameters of the sensors are the sensitivity, or equivalent area, and the bandwidth (or rise time). Calibration of sensors with simple geometries is reliably accomplished by a geometric analysis; all the sensors discussed possess geometries for which the sensitivities have been calculated. For the calibration of sensors with more complex geometries and for general testing of all sensors, two transmission lines were constructed to transmit known pulsed fields and currents over the sensors.

  14. Activity of the Service for maintenance of the RA reactor electronic equipment - Report for 1980, - Annex IV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Within the organizational structure of the RA reactor staff, the Service for instrumentation maintenance has the following tasks: maintenance of the existing electronic equipment; participating in experiments planning and preparation of electronic equipment; purchasing new equipment, spare parts and components; construction of new equipment for internal needs; implementation of new equipment. Basic instrumentation of the reactor facility includes: control and protection system, and dosimetry system

  15. Multi-equipment condition based maintenance optimization by multi- objective genetic algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Š. Valčuha

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This paper deals with the optimization of the condition based maintenance (CBM applied on manufacturing multi-equipment system under cost and benefit criteria.Design/methodology/approach: The system is modeled using Discrete Event Simulation (DES and optimized by means of the application of a Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA.Findings: Solution for the joint optimization of the condition based maintenance model applied on several equipment has been obtained.Research limitations/implications: The developed approach has been successfully applied to the optimization of condition based maintenance activities of a hubcap production system composed by three plastic injection machines and a painting station, for management decision support.Originality/value: This paper provides a solution for the joint optimization of CBM strategies applied on several equipments

  16. Performance of mechanical equipment and maintenance problems in the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station [Paper No.: II-7

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Performance of and maintenance problems faced with mechanical equipment of the Rajasthan Atomic Power Station (RAPS) are discussed. The equipment discussed include: turbines, boiler feed pumps, reheater drain pumps, primary heat transport pumps and motors, pressurizing pumps, valves and ventilation equipment. Preventive maintenance programme is briefly described. (M.G.B.)

  17. A Maintenance Model Based on Phase Type Distribution for Equipment under Two Types of Failures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN Xiao-hu; WEN Xi-sen; YANG Yong-min; QIAN Yan-ling

    2007-01-01

    A maintenance model is put forward for equipment, which is subjected to internal and external failures. In the model, two maintenance policies-perfect minimal repair and replacement are considered. The operational time has a phase type distribution (PH distribution). Failures' arrival follows a Markovian Arrival Process (MAP). Some failures require the replacement of the system, and others minimal repairs. The performance measures-the mean number of minimal repairs and replacements are analyzed and calculated.

  18. METHODOLOGY OF DETERMINATION OF QUALITY INDEX OF MAINTENANCE SERVICE SYSTEM OF POWER EQUIPMENT OF TRACTION SUBSTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.O. Matusevych

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this paper is development of methodology for definition of a quality system of maintenance and repair (M and P power equipment of traction substations (TS of electrified railways operating under conditions of uncertainty based on expert information. Methodology. The basic tenets of the theory of fuzzy sets and marks, linguistic and interval estimates of experts were applied to solve this problem. Results. Analysis of the existing diversity of approaches to development of modern methods of improvement of M and P allows us to conclude that the improvement in the quality of the system is achieved by solving individual problems increase the operational reliability of power equipment of traction substations in the following main interrelated areas. There are technical, economic and organizational. The basis of the quality evaluation system is initial data and expertise developed version of the document formalized quality evaluation of electrical equipment of traction substations by experts. The choice of determining the level of Quality service system based on the marks, linguistic and interval estimates of experts, which are reflected in quantitative and / or qualitative form was done. The possible options for expert data presentation and their corresponding quantitative methods of calculating the integral index of quality improvement system maintenance and P of traction substations were described. The methodology and the method of assessing the quality of system maintenance and P of TS allows quickly respond to changing operating conditions of power equipment of traction substations, and to determine the most effective strategies for maintenance of electrical and P TS under conditions of uncertainty functioning distance electricity. Originality. The method of a systematic approach to improve the quality of the system maintenance and P of power equipment of traction substation under conditions of uncertainty based on expert

  19. Machine and lubricant condition monitoring for extended equipment lifetimes and predictive maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lukas, M.; Anderson, D.P. [Spectro Incorporated, Littleton, Massachusetts (United States)

    1997-12-31

    Predictive maintenance has gained wide acceptance as a cost cutting strategy in modern industry. Condition monitoring by lubricant analysis is one of the basic tools of a predictive maintenance program along with vibration monitoring, performance monitoring and thermography. In today`s modern power generation, manufacturing, refinery, transportation, mining, and military operations, the cost of equipment maintenance, service, and lubricants are ever increasing. Parts, labor, equipment downtime and lubricant prices and disposal costs are a primary concern in a well run maintenance management program. Machine condition monitoring based on oil analysis has become a prerequisite in most maintenance programs. Few operations can afford not to implement a program if they wish to remain competitive, and in some cases, profitable. This presentation describes a comprehensive Machine Condition Monitoring Program based on oil analysis. Actual operational condition monitoring programs will be used to review basic components and analytical requirements. Case histories will be cited as examples of cost savings, reduced equipment downtime and increased efficiencies of maintenance programs through a well managed oil analysis program. (orig.)

  20. A MAINTENANCE STRATEGY MODEL FOR STATIC EQUIPMENT USING INSPECTION METHODOLOGIES AND RISK MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.K. Visser

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Mechanical equipment used on process plants can be categorised into two main types, namely static and rotating equipment. A brief survey at a number of chemical process plants indicated that a number of maintenance strategies exist and are used for rotating equipment. However, some of these strategies are not directly applicable to static equipment, although the risk-based inspection (RBI methodology has been developed for pressure vessels. A generalised risk-based maintenance strategy for all types of static equipment does not currently exist. This paper describes the development of an optimised model of inspection methodologies, maintenance strategies, and risk management principles that are generically applicable for static equipment. It enables maintenance managers and engineers to select an applicable maintenance strategy and inspection methodology, based on the operational and business risks posed by the individual pieces of equipment.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Meganiese toerusting wat op prosesaanlegte gebruik word kan in twee kategorieë verdeel word, naamlik statiese en roterende toerusting. 'n Bondige ondersoek by 'n aantal chemiese prosesaanlegte het aangedui dat 'n aantal strategieë vir instandhouding van roterende toerusting gebruik word, terwyl die risikogebaseerde inspeksiemetodologie wel vir drukvate gebruik word. 'n Algemene risikogebaseerde instandhoudingstrategie vir alle tipes statiese toerusting is egter nie tans beskikbaar nie. Hierdie artikel beskryf die ontwikkeling van 'n geoptimeerde model van inspeksiemetodologieë, instandhoudingstrategieë, en risikobestuursbeginsels wat algemeen gebruik kan word vir statiese toerusting. Dit stel die instandhouding-bestuurders en -ingenieurs in staat om 'n instandhoudingstrategie en inspeksie-metodologie te kies, gebaseer op die operasionele en besigheidsrisiko's van die individuele toerusting.

  1. Modeling of Task Establishment and Allocation for Collaborative Virtual Maintenance Training of Complex Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangyang Li

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we propose the maintenance task establishment method based on fault simulation models. Maintenance task allocation model based on Multi-Agent System and High Level Architecture is presented to manage and coordinate the dynamic task allocating process of multi operators and it can make the intelligent decision for their collaborative maintenance operation at each step. Object information template is designed with the Extensible Markup Language to perform interactive communication of the heterogeneous data and information in the different models of collaborative virtual maintenance training system, which ensures the efficient share of the data resource for the collaborative maintenance operations. Finally, the simulation research on a mechanical-electronic-hydraulic integrated subsystem in complex equipment is done and the simulation execution and results show the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

  2. Maintenance based design and equipment reliability for AECL's advanced CANDU reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper will describe how the elements of AECL's Maintenance Based Design will enable the Advanced CANDU Reactor to sustain high equipment reliability and capacity factors over the 60-year design life of the plant. The elements of Maintenance Based Design are; 1-Design Reliable Systems,Structures and Components (SSCs); 2-Select and Procure Reliable Components; 3-Incorporate Monitoring Capabilities and Facilities for SSCs; 4-Develop Maintenance Strategies and Programs for SSCs; 5-Apply Lessons Learned From Previous Plants; 6-Incorporate Maintainability and Event Free Features in the Design; 7-Provide Enhanced Maintenance Management Information and Tools to the Customer; 8-Optimize Chemistry and Materials in the Design. All these elements will be discussed with a detailed focus on the following; Design Reliable SSCs Using the techniques outlined in INPO AP-913, Equipment Reliability Process Description, each CANDU system that has caused any station past unavailability is analyzed as part of the ACR design in order to identify the critical components and any Single Points of Vulnerability (SPVs). All SPVs are then analyzed further in order to determine if they can be practically designed out or otherwise mitigated by the design. Developing Maintenance Strategies and Programs for SSCs Equipment degradation begins as soon as a component is manufactured and accelerates during initial commissioning and eventual operation. In order to sustain high levels of equipment reliability a maintenance strategy must be developed during the design phase and be ready for implementation before the start of commissioning. This maintenance strategy is developed for all critical components using the techniques of INPO AP-913 and other best industry practices. The strategy can be expanded and customized in conjunction with a future owner. Specific examples from the current ACR-1000 design will be used to show how these elements are being implemented.

  3. Study Peningkatan Overall Equipment Effectiveness Melalui Penerapan Total Productive Maintenance Di PTPN IV PKS Pasir Mandoge

    OpenAIRE

    Yanti Suriati S

    2011-01-01

    Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) adalah metode pengukuran efektivitas penggunaan suatu peralatan. OEE dikenal sebagai salah satu aplikasi Program Total Productive Maintenance (TPM), Kemampuan mengidentifikasikan secara jelas akar permasalahan dan faktor penyebabnya sehingga membuat usaha perbaikan menjadi terfokus. Mesin screw press merupakan mesin yang menjadi objek peneliti, mesin screw press merupakan mesin critical unit. Mesin screw press sering mengalami perbaikan karena kerusakan m...

  4. Industrial Equipment Maintenance. Vocational Education Curriculum Guide. Industrial and Technical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    This curriculum guide contains 10 units that provide the basic curriculum components required to develop lesson plans for the industrial equipment maintenance curriculum. The guide is not intended to be a complete, self-contained curriculum, but instead provides the teacher with a number of informational items related to the learning outcomes and…

  5. On Syllabus Design for the Specialty of Electromechanical Equipment Maintenance and Management in Vocational College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We carried out researches on the syllabus design for the specialty of electromechanical equipment maintenance & management in vocational college. Our researches involve the following aspects: (1) The training objective of the specialty; (2) the curriculum system; (3) The teaching methodology; and (4) Field training.

  6. Preventive maintenance: statistical method for the prediction of petrochemical equipments lifetime

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taibi, M. [Institut National des Hydrocarbures et de la Chimie, Boumerdes (Algeria)

    1995-12-31

    The reliable prediction of the mean time of before failure (MTBF) of any industrial equipment for the exploitation in the future is proposed by the statistical method using the conversion of real values of the (TBF) by means of geometrical mean value approach as well as the adequacy test. The calculus of the confidence interval of the MTF of the reliability of functioning for the equipment for the calculated period of the MTBF. The proceeding of the method is shown with an example of calculus of a centrifugal compressor in function. The method can be used to improve the organisation of the preventive maintenance of the industrial equipment.

  7. The improvement of maintenance service for traction networks equipment on the base of process approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. V. Mironov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The new methods development for improving the maintenance service for equipment of traction networks in order to increase its efficiency and quality. Methodology. In world practice of solving problems related to the quality of products and services is usually achieved by introducing quality management system in to the enterprises. The provisions of quality management system were used for solving the problem. The technologies of process engineering were used for describing the main stages of maintenance service. Findings. The development of high-speed movement and growth of its intensity, the use of electric rolling stock of a new generation require the introduction of new methods diagnostics of equipment technical state and improvement of the existing maintenance system and repair of power supply. Developing a model of business-processes, their optimization with using techniques of process engineering and system management is needed for the transition to the management system based on the process approach. From the standpoint of the process approach and in accordance with the requirements of the quality management system (ISO 9001-2009, the operation of the E (Department of electrification and power supply infrastructure sector is represented as a scheme of business-processes in which the guaranteed supply with electricity of railway and third-party consumers is defined as the main business-process of management. Each of the sub-process of power supply for consumers is described in details. The use methods and main stages of process approach for sample management system reorganization were investigated. The methodology and the application method of PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Act closed loop to the equipment maintenance system were described. The monitoring process of traction networks maintenance using the process approach was divided into components after investigations. The technical documentation of maintenance service was investigated in

  8. An intelligent healthcare management system: a new approach in work-order prioritization for medical equipment maintenance requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamdi, Naser; Oweis, Rami; Abu Zraiq, Hamzeh; Abu Sammour, Denis

    2012-04-01

    The effective maintenance management of medical technology influences the quality of care delivered and the profitability of healthcare facilities. Medical equipment maintenance in Jordan lacks an objective prioritization system; consequently, the system is not sensitive to the impact of equipment downtime on patient morbidity and mortality. The current work presents a novel software system (EQUIMEDCOMP) that is designed to achieve valuable improvements in the maintenance management of medical technology. This work-order prioritization model sorts medical maintenance requests by calculating a priority index for each request. Model performance was assessed by utilizing maintenance requests from several Jordanian hospitals. The system proved highly efficient in minimizing equipment downtime based on healthcare delivery capacity, and, consequently, patient outcome. Additionally, a preventive maintenance optimization module and an equipment quality control system are incorporated. The system is, therefore, expected to improve the reliability of medical equipment and significantly improve safety and cost-efficiency. PMID:20703695

  9. A Decision Optimization Model for Leased Manufacturing Equipment with Warranty under Forecasting Production/Maintenance Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zied Hajej

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the expensive production equipment, many manufacturers usually lease production equipment with a warranty period during a finite leasing horizon, rather than purchasing them. The lease contract contains the possibility of obtaining an extended warranty for a given additional cost. In this paper, based on the forecasting production/maintenance optimization problem, we develop a mathematical model to study the lease contract with basic and extended warranty based on win-win relationship between the lessee and the lessor. The influence of the production rates in the equipment degradation consequently on the total cost by each side during the finite leasing horizon is stated in order to determine a theoretical condition under which a compromise-pricing zone exists under different possibilities of maintenance policies.

  10. Maintenance related to life management: Survey and control of equipment ageing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to review relevant objectives and aspects of the Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes for Nuclear Power Plant Life Management. Recent experience shows that current maintenance practice often fails to directly address long-term degradation that affects singular plant components and equipment populations. Instead, delayed attention to the consequences makes good Life Management unfeasible. This has brought about the need for specific Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes to adjust to the basic objective of Life Management which is to protect against, mitigate and/or monitor ageing that affects the safe, profitable life of the facility. The paper analyses the methodologies used, incidents during their application and the main conclusions reached from the implementation of these programmes in Spanish nuclear power plants. Special attention is paid to recommended solutions for improving the efficiency of the utility's contributions, its leadership in task development and integration, and its interfaces with organisations specialised in providing services that support Life Management Programmes. The coexistence of these and other similar maintenance programmes make it necessary to integrate tasks to optimise effort and tools. The paper analyses the guidelines to be considered when integrating these Programmes with other maintenance optimisation programmes (economy and feasibility, RCM) and with tasks derived from the application of Maintenance Rule regulatory requirements. Lastly, the paper reports on the state of these Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes, their development, what prospects they have, and the Industry's initiative and actions concerning the matter. (author)

  11. Management of radiodiagnostic equipment: Implementation of self-maintenance project of the conventional x-ray equipment of Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho - HUCFF-UFRJ

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project aims the implantation of a management program, for the maintenance of the conventional X-ray equipment at HUCFF. It has been implemented through the training of the electronic technicians who work at the Hospital. Essential courses were organized such as: Basics of Radioprotection, Radiographs Techniques, and Maintenance of equipment of X-Rays. Equipment: a library with the schemes of the equipment is being assembled in collaboration with UNICAMP. In order to manage the process, a software was created using the tools of the total quality for control of the maintenance. Preliminary tests: the equipment and their working conditions were evaluated, as well as the level of the employees' satisfaction with their use. The creation of a new routine for maintenance seeks to assist the demands of the new legislation in Brazil 5, and also reduce the costs to improve the quality of the images in the Radiodiagnostic Service. (author)

  12. Simultaneous effect of RCM key indicators, related to equipment lifecycle for maintenance strategies (in production systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Zadhoosh

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In the modern industrial world, effective role of maintenance activities in the survival of organizations and enhancing their productivity is undeniable. Variety of equipments in the industrial organizations and their exclusivities in terms of longevity and failures modes, clear the importance of choosing a strategy for the maintenance of any equipment. Thus, knowing the type of the failure is so important for maintenance manager and engineers. Important introduced indicators in this domain such as indicator of reliability, MTBF and MTTR can be used to predicting and detecting approximate failure time and analyzing life cycle status. On the other hand, due to fluctuating time of system availability because of work continuity and loss of a performance indicator, by combining RCM indicators and Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE indicator the most compatible strategy could be chosen. The aim of this article which differs from other studies in this field is to apply a composed indicator, including different parameters of RCM, which is obtained based on the equipment life status.

  13. [Methodologies for optimization of maintenance and testing of safety related equipment at NPPs in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Pakistan, a 137 MWe PHWR type NPP (KANUPP) is in operation since 1971, and a 300 MWe Chinese design PWR (CHASNUPP) is under construction. The under construction PWR is planned to be connected to the national grid in 1998. Under this Coordinated Research Project, the work is planned to be carried out for improvement and optimization of the maintenance and surveillance programme for safety related systems and equipment of the above mentioned two NPPs. Efforts will be directed to acquire latest knowledge regarding various methods and strategies for surveillance testing and plant technical specifications through exchange of information. This project will provide a good opportunity to the regulatory body regarding development of acceptance criteria for testing and maintenance of safety related systems and equipment. 8 refs

  14. Professional training for hygienic and sanitation maintenance of systems and equipments with risk of legionelosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros Fernández de Lezeta Sáez de Jáuregui

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Training for technicians in charge of maintenance, cleaning and disinfection of the equipment and installations that could be amplify and spread Legionella need to be checked and updated. This revision must to be done keeping with the kind of tasks performed and requested knowledges for technicians.In the following lines there is an analysis about the present training and ANECPLA proposes different levels based on its training experience and skills need by technicians to prevent and control legionnaires’ disease.

  15. Design and Application of an Expert System for Equipment Maintenance and Forecast

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jian; PAN Kai-long; SHEN Yun-feng; LI Jie

    2007-01-01

    The maintenance and forecast expert system of equipment based on Artificial Neural Network is composed of control, measure, failure forecast, execution, data processing module and database. The data processing module obtains the change of the controlled objects′ structure and parameters, then takes correspondent measures according to the examination and diagnosis information. The failure forecast module finds the control system fault, separates the fault symptom location, tells the fault kind, estimates the magnitude and time of the fault, and finally makes evaluation and decision.

  16. The impact of environmental qualification of safety related equipment on future maintenance activities at Darlington NGS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CANDU nuclear station owners are faced with and increasing amount of equipment considered to be safety related and required to operate successfully during common mode design basis events (CMDBE), such as earthquakes, loss of coolant accidents, main steam line breaks, etc. Designers are faced with the task of either protecting this equipment from the consequence of the events, or supplying equipment which will operate in the environment expected during these events. This trend has continued at Darlington Nuclear Generating Station (NGS) with the identification of 125 safety related systems which must perform a function during or after the CMDBE. In addition to protecting or hardening the safety related equipment, the designers must also provide assurance that the equipment is capable of operating reliably during any of these events. At Darlington NGS, the effects of aging mechanisms on components of safety related equipment is also being taken into account. This paper describes the Darlington Environmental Qualification Program, and discusses how it will change the nature of safety related equipment maintenance, surveillance, and replacement programs

  17. Business process reengineering in the inventory management to improve aircraft maintenance operations in the Indonesian Air Force

    OpenAIRE

    Susanto, Martinus Bram.

    2006-01-01

    The Indonesian Air Force has utilized computers in its administration as early as 1990. The computers, however, have not yet been optimized to support inventory management in aircraft maintenance operations, especially for the helicopter fleet. The processes for materials procurement to support the maintenance operations still rely heavily on the services of intermediaries'. Even though the Air Force has already adopted the Automatic Logistic Management System (ALMS), this has several weaknes...

  18. The Activity Based Costing method opportunity to assess and master the aircraft maintenance service cost for Third Party: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Driss Rchid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This work illustrates how to calculate accurate aircraft maintenance costs using Activity Based Costing (ABC. Comparing to traditional cost calculation, the proposed method is useful for aircrafts maintenance activity integrated to Airline Company and who wants to diversify its revenue by selling some available maintenance slots to third party clients for a competitive price. This paper takes base maintenance check process of a Moroccan airline aircrafts maintenance activity as a case study. The actual method used to calculate aircraft maintenance check cost cant not be applied to third party client pricing system. The ABC method shows substantial benefits if it is successfully implemented. Data collection through interviews and questionnaires are the main sources to this study.

  19. PSA and methods to optimize the maintenance of safety related equipment at Laguna Verde NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper the most significant advances reached in the development of a project to optimize the maintenance and surveillance tests of safety related equipment at Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant (LV NPP) are described. The first part of this process consists of the application of risk-based results and techniques using the specific PSA Level 1 of LV. Before the use of these risk-based techniques in the generation and interpretation of results, it was necessary to perform a review of the risk criteria used in PSA applications for prioritization of maintainable components, determination of risk-based allowed outage times and surveillance test intervals, definition of component risk classes, determination of risk significances for systems and components within the scope of the maintenance rule, besides criteria used in a first approach to evaluate simultaneous inoperabilities impacting the risk. Partial results of the application of risk methods for AOTs, STIs and simultaneous inoperabilities are presented. Also some results of the application of a selected method for maintenance optimization focused on reliability are explained. The results involve descriptions about the determination and prioritization of risk significant components, advances in the review of operational experience of a selected system to determine dominant failure modes and the comparison with those failures modeled in the LV PSA, operational experience review to assess the real times spent in maintenance activities for different types of components and, review of maintenance activities addressed to minimize the identified failure modes. Within the regulatory assessment of the maintenance rule implementation in LV by the utility, some results of the independent work done by our regulatory staff to select those structures systems and components (SSCs) to be under the scope of the maintenance rule are presented. Also a discussion of our perspective about the establishment of performance criteria

  20. Long Length Contaminated Equipment Retrieval System Receiver Trailer and Transport Trailer Operations and Maintenance Manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DALE, R.N.

    2000-05-01

    A system to accommodate the removal of long-length contaminated equipment (LLCE) from Hanford underground radioactive waste storage tanks was designed, procured, and demonstrated, via a project activity during the 1990s. The system is the Long Length Contaminated Equipment Removal System (LLCERS). LLCERS will be maintained and operated by Tank Farms Engineering and Operations organizations and other varied projects having a need for the system. The responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the LLCERS Receiver Trailer (RT) and Transport Trailer (TT) resides with the RPP Characterization Project Operations organization. The purpose of this document is to provide vendor supplied operating and maintenance (O & M) information for the RT and TT in a readily retrievable form. This information is provided this way instead of in a vendor information (VI) file to maintain configuration control of the operations baseline as described in RPP-6085, ''Configuration Management Plan for Long Length Contaminated Equipment Receiver and Transport Trailers''. Additional Operations Baseline documents are identified in RPP-6085.

  1. Long Length Contaminated Equipment Retrieval System Receiver Trailer and Transport Trailer Operations and Maintenance Manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A system to accommodate the removal of long-length contaminated equipment (LLCE) from Hanford underground radioactive waste storage tanks was designed, procured, and demonstrated, via a project activity during the 1990s. The system is the Long Length Contaminated Equipment Removal System (LLCERS). LLCERS will be maintained and operated by Tank Farms Engineering and Operations organizations and other varied projects having a need for the system. The responsibility for the operation and maintenance of the LLCERS Receiver Trailer (RT) and Transport Trailer (TT) resides with the RPP Characterization Project Operations organization. The purpose of this document is to provide vendor supplied operating and maintenance (O and M) information for the RT and TT in a readily retrievable form. This information is provided this way instead of in a vendor information (VI) file to maintain configuration control of the operations baseline as described in RPP-6085, ''Configuration Management Plan for Long Length Contaminated Equipment Receiver and Transport Trailers''. Additional Operations Baseline documents are identified in RPP-6085

  2. Maintenance service contract model for heavy equipment in mining industry using principal agent theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakpahan, Eka K. A.; Iskandar, Bermawi P.

    2015-12-01

    Mining industry is characterized by a high operational revenue, and hence high availability of heavy equipment used in mining industry is a critical factor to ensure the revenue target. To maintain high avaliability of the heavy equipment, the equipment's owner hires an agent to perform maintenance action. Contract is then used to control the relationship between the two parties involved. The traditional contracts such as fixed price, cost plus or penalty based contract studied is unable to push agent's performance to exceed target, and this in turn would lead to a sub-optimal result (revenue). This research deals with designing maintenance contract compensation schemes. The scheme should induce agent to select the highest possible maintenance effort level, thereby pushing agent's performance and achieve maximum utility for both parties involved. Principal agent theory is used as a modeling approach due to its ability to simultaneously modeled owner and agent decision making process. Compensation schemes considered in this research includes fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing. The optimal decision is obtained using a numerical method. The results show that if both parties are risk neutral, then there are infinite combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing produced the same optimal solution. The combination of fixed price and cost sharing contract results in the optimal solution when the agent is risk averse, while the optimal combination of fixed price and revenue sharing contract is obtained when agent is risk averse. When both parties are risk averse, the optimal compensation scheme is a combination of fixed price, cost sharing and revenue sharing.

  3. IMIS: Integrated Maintenance Information System. A maintenance information delivery concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vonholle, Joseph C.

    1987-01-01

    The Integrated Maintenance Information System (IMIS) will optimize the use of available manpower, enhance technical performance, improve training, and reduce the support equipment and documentation needed for deployment. It will serve as the technician's single, integrated source of all the technical information required to perform modern aircraft maintenance.

  4. A framework for the design of a voice-activated, intelligent, and hypermedia-based aircraft maintenance manual

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patankar, Manoj Shashikant

    Federal Aviation Regulations require Aviation Maintenance Technicians (AMTs) to refer to approved maintenance manuals when performing maintenance on airworthy aircraft. Because these manuals are paper-based, larger the size of the aircraft, more cumbersome are the manuals. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recognized the difficulties associated with the use of large manuals and conducted studies on the use of electronic media as an alternative to the traditional paper format. However, these techniques do not employ any artificial intelligence technologies and the user interface is limited to either a keyboard or a stylus pen. The primary emphasis of this research was to design a generic framework that would allow future development of voice-activated, intelligent, and hypermedia-based aircraft maintenance manuals. A prototype (VIHAMS-Voice-activated, Intelligent, and Hypermedia-based Aircraft Maintenance System) was developed, as a secondary emphasis, using the design and development techniques that evolved from this research. An evolutionary software design approach was used to design the proposed framework and the structured rapid prototyping technique was used to produce the VIHAMS prototype. VoiceAssist by Creative Labs was used to provide the voice interface so that the users (AMTs) could keep their hands free to work on the aircraft while maintaining complete control over the computer through discrete voice commands. KnowledgePro for Windows sp{TM}, an expert system shell, provided "intelligence" to the prototype. As a result of this intelligence, the system provided expert guidance to the user. The core information contained in conventional manuals was available in a hypermedia format. The prototype's operating hardware included a notebook computer with a fully functional audio system. An external microphone and the built-in speaker served as the input and output devices (along with the color monitor), respectively. Federal Aviation Administration

  5. 49 CFR 214.521 - Flagging equipment for on-track roadway maintenance machines and hi-rail vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Flagging equipment for on-track roadway... WORKPLACE SAFETY On-Track Roadway Maintenance Machines and Hi-Rail Vehicles § 214.521 Flagging equipment for... and hi-rail vehicle shall have on board a flagging kit that complies with the operating rules of...

  6. Field experiences of Hamaoka nuclear units utilize machine condition diagnosis technology as predictive maintenance before equipment failure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At Hamaoka nuclear units, we utilize Machine Condition Diagnosis Technology that includes vibration diagnosis, thermography diagnosis and oil diagnosis for 3,000 equipments. This study explains three examples of vibration diagnosis and thermography diagnosis as predictive maintenance before equipment failure. (author)

  7. 14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing. 91.535 Section 91.535 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES...

  8. 14 CFR 135.122 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing. 135.122 Section 135.122 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION OR...

  9. USE OF REMPI-TOFMS FOR REAL-TIME MEASUREMENT OF TRACE AROMATICS DURING OPERATION OF AIRCRAFT GROUND EQUIPMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emissions of aromatic air toxics from aircraft ground equipment were measured with a resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization—time of flight mass spectrometry (REMPI-TOFMS) system consisting of a pulsed solid state laser for photoionization and a TOFMS for mass discrimination. T...

  10. The Impact Of Occupational Hazards In Workplaces - Maintenance, A Main Target For Ensuring The Safety Of Working Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonov, Anca Elena; Buica, Georgeta; Darabont, Doru Costin; Beiu, Constantin

    2015-07-01

    For use of work equipment having the economic performance and the highest level of safety, it must be ensured that it complies with the conditions set by the manufacturer in terms of putting into service, use and maintenance operations, ensuring appropriate technical and environmental requirements, including appropriate measures and means of protection. The research aimed to identify and analyze the occupational hazards associated to maintenance operations, in terms of the history of the adjustments, maintenance, cleaning and repair, including the case that occur after the incidents, capital repairs and upgrades. The results of the research consisted in the development of recommendations on the effective management of maintenance activities of work equipment and a software model to enable an efficient management of maintenance, as a tool for occupational hazards in companies - premise for increasing the competitiveness of employers in the market economy.

  11. Emissions of NOx, particle mass and particle numbers from aircraft main engines, APU's and handling equipment at Copenhagen Airport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winther, Morten; Kousgaard, Uffe; Ellermann, Thomas; Massling, Andreas; Nøjgaard, Jacob Klenø; Ketzel, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a detailed emission inventory for NOx, particle mass (PM) and particle numbers (PN) for aircraft main engines, APU's and handling equipment at Copenhagen Airport (CPH) based on time specific activity data and representative emission factors for the airport. The inventory has a high spatial resolution of 5 m × 5 m in order to be suited for further air quality dispersion calculations. Results are shown for the entire airport and for a section of the airport apron area ("inner apron") in focus. The methodology presented in this paper can be used to quantify the emissions from aircraft main engines, APU and handling equipment in other airports. For the entire airport, aircraft main engines is the largest source of fuel consumption (93%), NOx, (87%), PM (61%) and PN (95%). The calculated fuel consumption [NOx, PM, PN] shares for APU's and handling equipment are 5% [4%, 8%, 5%] and 2% [9%, 31%, 0%], respectively. At the inner apron area for handling equipment the share of fuel consumption [NOx, PM, PN] are 24% [63%, 75%, 2%], whereas APU and main engines shares are 43% [25%, 19%, 54%], and 33% [11%, 6%, 43%], respectively. The inner apron NOx and PM emission levels are high for handling equipment due to high emission factors for the diesel fuelled handling equipment and small for aircraft main engines due to small idle-power emission factors. Handling equipment is however a small PN source due to the low number based emission factors. Jet fuel sulphur-PM sensitivity calculations made in this study with the ICAO FOA3.0 method suggest that more than half of the PM emissions from aircraft main engines at CPH originate from the sulphur content of the fuel used at the airport. Aircraft main engine PN emissions are very sensitive to the underlying assumptions. Replacing this study's literature based average emission factors with "high" and "low" emission factors from the literature, the aircraft main engine PN emissions were estimated to change with a

  12. Decontamination chamber for the maintenance of DUPIC nuclear fuel fabrication and process equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents the decontamination chamber of being capable of decontaminating and maintaining DUPIC nuclear fuel fabrication equipment contaminated in use. The decontamination chamber is a closed room in which contaminated equipment can be isolated from a hot-cell, be decontaminated and be reparired. This chamber can prevent contamination from spreading over the hot-cell, and it can also be utilized as a part of the hot-cell after maintenance work. The developed decontamination chamber has mainly five sub-modules - a horizontal module for opening and closing a ceil of the chamber, a vertical module for opening and closing a side of the chamber, a subsidiary door module for enforcing the vertical opening/closing module, a rotary module for rotating contaminated equipment, and a grasping module for holding a decontamination device. Such sub-modules were integrated and installed in the M6 hot-cell of the IMEF at the KAERI. The mechanical design considerations of each modules and the arrangement with hot-cell facility, remote operation and manipulation of the decontamination chamber are also described

  13. Decontamination chamber for the maintenance of DUPIC nuclear fuel fabrication and process equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, K. H.; Park, J. J.; Yang, M. S.; Lee, H. H.; Shin, J. M

    2000-10-01

    This report presents the decontamination chamber of being capable of decontaminating and maintaining DUPIC nuclear fuel fabrication equipment contaminated in use. The decontamination chamber is a closed room in which contaminated equipment can be isolated from a hot-cell, be decontaminated and be reparired. This chamber can prevent contamination from spreading over the hot-cell, and it can also be utilized as a part of the hot-cell after maintenance work. The developed decontamination chamber has mainly five sub-modules - a horizontal module for opening and closing a ceil of the chamber, a vertical module for opening and closing a side of the chamber, a subsidiary door module for enforcing the vertical opening/closing module, a rotary module for rotating contaminated equipment, and a grasping module for holding a decontamination device. Such sub-modules were integrated and installed in the M6 hot-cell of the IMEF at the KAERI. The mechanical design considerations of each modules and the arrangement with hot-cell facility, remote operation and manipulation of the decontamination chamber are also described.

  14. Integrated Instrumentation and Sensor Systems Enabling Condition-Based Maintenance of Aerospace Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard C. Millar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the work reported herein was to use a systems engineering approach to guide development of integrated instrumentation/sensor systems (IISS incorporating communications, interconnections, and signal acquisition. These require enhanced suitability and effectiveness for diagnostics and health management of aerospace equipment governed by the principles of Condition-based maintenance (CBM. It is concluded that the systems engineering approach to IISS definition provided clear benefits in identifying overall system requirements and an architectural framework for categorizing and evaluating alternative architectures, relative to a bottom up focus on sensor technology blind to system level user needs. CBM IISS imperatives identified include factors such as tolerance of the bulk of aerospace equipment operational environments, low intrusiveness, rapid reconfiguration, and affordable life cycle costs. The functional features identified include interrogation of the variety of sensor types and interfaces common in aerospace equipment applications over multiplexed communication media with flexibility to allow rapid system reconfiguration to adapt to evolving sensor needs. This implies standardized interfaces at the sensor location (preferably to open standards, reduced wire/connector pin count in harnesses (or their elimination through use of wireless communications.

  15. A Real-Time Quantitative Condition Alerting and Analysis Support System for Aircraft Maintenance Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Financial constraints and the need for improved operational efficiency are requiring airlines to emphasize "on-condition" maintenance over scheduled maintenance...

  16. Standard Test Method to Determine Color Change and Staining Caused by Aircraft Maintenance Chemicals upon Aircraft Cabin Interior Hard Surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2001-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of color change and staining from liquid solutions, such as cleaning or disinfecting chemicals or both, on painted metallic surfaces and nonmetallic surfaces of materials being used inside the aircraft cabin. The effects upon the exposed specimens are measured with the AATCC Gray Scale for Color Change and AATCC Gray Color Scale for Staining. Note 1—This test method is applicable to any colored nonmetallic hard surface in contact with liquids. The selected test specimens are chosen because these materials are present in the majority of aircraft cabin interiors. 1.2This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  17. Prediction of Maintenance Period of Equipment Through Risk Assessment of Thermal Power Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Song, Gee Wook; Kim, Bum Shin; Choi, Woo Song; Park, Myung Soo [KEPCO Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    Risk-based inspection (RBI) is a well-known method that is used to optimize inspection activities based on risk analysis in order to identify the high-risk components of major facilities such as power plants. RBI, when implemented and maintained properly, improves plant reliability and safety while reducing unplanned outages and repair costs. Risk is given by the product of the probability of failure (Pof) and the consequence of failure (COF). A semi-quantitative method is generally used for risk assessment. Semi-quantitative risk assessment complements the low accuracy of qualitative risk assessment and the high expense and long calculation time of quantitative risk assessment. The first step of RB I is to identify important failure modes and causes in the equipment. Once these are defined, the Pof and COF can be assessed for each failure. During Pof and COF assessment, an effective inspection method and range can be easily found. In this paper, the calculation of the Pof is improved for accurate risk assessment. A modified semi-quantitative risk assessment was carried out for boiler facilities of thermal power plants, and the next maintenance schedules for the equipment were decided.

  18. Study on compact design of remote handling equipment for ITER blanket maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the ITER, the neutrons created by D-T reactions activate structural materials, and thereby, the circumstance in the vacuum vessel is under intense gamma radiation field. Thus, the in-vessel components such as blanket are handled and replaced by remote handling equipment. The objective of this report is to study the compactness of the remote handling equipment (a vehicle/manipulator) for the ITER blanket maintenance. In order to avoid the interferences between the blanket and the equipment during blanket replacement in the restricted vacuum vessel, a compact design of the equipment is required. Therefore, the compact design is performed, including kinematic analyses aiming at the reduction of the sizes of the vehicle equipped with a manipulator handling the blanket and the rail for the vehicle traveling in the vacuum vessel. Major results are as follows: 1. The compact vehicle/manipulator is designed concentration on the reduction of the rail size and simplification of the guide roller mechanism as well as the reduction of the gear diameter for vehicle rotation around the rail. Height of the rail is reduced from 500 mm to 400 mm by a parameter survey for weight, stiffness and stress of the rail. The roller mechanism is divided into two simple functional mechanisms composed of rollers and a pad, that is, the rollers support relatively light loads during rail deployment and vehicle traveling while a pad supports heavy loads during blanket replacement. Regarding the rotation mechanism, the double helical gear is adopted, because it has higher contact ratio than the normal spur gear and consequently can transfer higher force. The smaller double helical gear, 996 mm in diameter, can achieve 26% higher output torque, 123.5 kN·m, than that of the original spur gear of 1,460 mm in diameter, 98 kN·m. As a result, the manipulator becomes about 30% lighter, 8 tons, than the original weight, 11.2 tons. 2. Based on the compact design of the vehicle/manipulator, the

  19. New technology for optimized I and C maintenance and management of ageing of critical equipment in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Advanced sensors and new testing and maintenance technologies have become available over the last ten years for nuclear power plants (NPPs) to replace outdated, obsolete, and troublesome instruments, provide for management of ageing of critical plant equipment, optimize maintenance activities, reduce maintenance costs and personnel radiation exposure, and at the same time, improve plant safety and availability. These new developments are reviewed in this TECDOC. The material covered here has been summarized from NUREG/CR-5501, a 1998 report written by H.M. Hashemian and his co-authors for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (author)

  20. Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hibbs, Bart D.; Lissaman, Peter B. S.; Morgan, Walter R.; Radkey, Robert L.

    1998-01-01

    This disclosure provides a solar rechargeable aircraft that is inexpensive to produce, is steerable, and can remain airborne almost indefinitely. The preferred aircraft is a span-loaded flying wing, having no fuselage or rudder. Travelling at relatively slow speeds, and having a two-hundred foot wingspan that mounts photovoltaic cells on most all of the wing's top surface, the aircraft uses only differential thrust of its eight propellers to turn. Each of five sections of the wing has one or more engines and photovoltaic arrays, and produces its own lift independent of the other sections, to avoid loading them. Five two-sided photovoltaic arrays, in all, are mounted on the wing, and receive photovoltaic energy both incident on top of the wing, and which is incident also from below, through a bottom, transparent surface. The aircraft is capable of a top speed of about ninety miles per hour, which enables the aircraft to attain and can continuously maintain altitudes of up to sixty-five thousand feet. Regenerative fuel cells in the wing store excess electricity for use at night, such that the aircraft can sustain its elevation indefinitely. A main spar of the wing doubles as a pressure vessel that houses hydrogen and oxygen gasses for use in the regenerative fuel cell. The aircraft has a wide variety of applications, which include weather monitoring and atmospheric testing, communications, surveillance, and other applications as well.

  1. Maintenance

    OpenAIRE

    Leightner, Jonathan E.

    2001-01-01

    Maintenance and production interact. The ideal way of accounting for this interaction, when estimating production functions, is by picking the temporal length of observations so that they embed integer multiples of the production—maintenance cycles for all inputs. In contrast to labor and land, the production—maintenance cycles of capital sometimes vary tremendously in temporal length, which can make it impossible to implement the ideal method of accounting for the interaction between mainten...

  2. A Proactive Aging/Asset Management Model to Optimize Equipment Maintenance Resources Over Plant Lifetime

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Experience has shown that proactive aging/asset management can best be defined as an ongoing process. Station goals directly supported by such a process include reducing Unplanned Capability Loss Factor and gaining the optimum value from maintenance and aging management budgets. An effective aging/asset management process must meet evolving and sometimes conflicting requirements for efficient and reliable nuclear power plant operation. The process should identify most likely contributors before they fail, and develop cost-effective contingencies. Current trends indicate the need for focused tools that give quantitative input to decision-making. Opposing goals, such as increasing availability while optimizing aging management budgets, must be balanced. Recognizing the importance of experience in reducing the uncertainty inherent in predicting equipment degradation rates, nuclear industry demographics suggest the need to capture existing expert knowledge in a usable form. The Proactive Aging/Asset Management Process has been developed to address these needs. The proactive approach is a process supported by tools. The process identifies goals and develops criteria - including safety, costs, and power production - that are used to prioritize systems and equipment across the plant. The process then draws upon tools to most effectively meet the plant's goals. The Proactive Aging/Asset Management ModelTM is one software-enabled tool designed for mathematical optimization. Results assist a plant in developing a plant-wide plan of aging management activities. This paper describes the proactive aging/asset management process and provides an overview of the methodology that has been incorporated in a model to perform a plant-wide optimization of aging management activities. (authors)

  3. Optimal long-term aircraft carrier deployment planning with synchronous depot level maintenance scheduling

    OpenAIRE

    Ayik, Mehmet

    1998-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Forward deployment of Navy aircraft carrier battle groups is a primary means for the United States to achieve overseas interests. The Navy maintains the forward presence of aircraft carriers in three major Areas of Responsibility (AORs): the Mediterranean Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the Western Pacific. Considering the cost of carrier operations and the desire to maximize coverage of the AORs, planning deployments for the carriers not o...

  4. 36 CFR 293.6 - Commercial enterprises, roads, motor vehicles, motorized equipment, motorboats, aircraft...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., aircraft, installations, or structures may be used in emergencies involving the health and safety of... Service, may authorize occupancy and use of National Forest land by officers, employees, agencies,...

  5. Test blanket module maintenance operations between port plug and ancillary equipment unit in ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In collaboration between the FZK and KFKI-RMKI, in the frame of the activities of the EU Breeder Blanket Programme a concept for test blanket module (TBM) integration, maintenance schedules and all required special purpose equipments has been developed. During the first 10 years of ITER operation four different plasma scenarios will be used. Hence it will be possible to investigate the characteristics (e.g. tritium breeding performance) of different TBM concepts which will be installed during operation for the different phases of ITER operation in the equatorial ports 2, 16 and 18. In every port two TBMs will be accommodated, in the port 16 will be the European helium-cooled pebble bed blanket. In different phases of ITER operation different TBMs will be used. Therefore a complex maintenance process is necessary for the exchange of TBMs. Two TBMs are mounted onto one common frame, into a port plug (PP), which offers a standardised interface to the vacuum vessel (VV). It is cantilevered with a flange to VV port extension. This attachment system is the same in every equatorial port, so the exchange process of this structure with the TBMs is also the standard operation of ITER. Several components of the helium cooling system of the EU breeder modules, valves, pipes, gas mixers, thermal sleeves, pipes for tritium extraction, measurement system are integrated into the ancillary equipment unit (AEU), which during the operation will connect the port plug to the subsystems. The bigger part of the AEU is accommodated in the port cell and the rest part of it is penetrated into the interspace inside the bioshield and reach the back plane of the installed PP. The remote handling operations for connection/disconnection of an interface between the PP of the EU-TBMs and the AEU are investigated with the goal to reach a quick and simple TBM exchange procedure. The current design of the EU-TBMs foresees up to 18 supply lines for both TBMs. These lines have to be connected here. A

  6. Test blanket module maintenance operations between port plug and ancillary equipment unit in ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In collaboration between the FZK and KFKI-RMKI, in the frame of the activities of the EU Breeder Blanket Programme a concept for Test Blanket Module (TBM) integration, maintenance schedules and all required special purpose equipments has been developed. During the first 10 years of ITER operation 4 different plasma scenarios will be used. Hence it will be possible to investigate the characteristics (e.g. tritium breeding performance) of different TBM concepts which will be installed during operation for the different phases of ITER operation in the equatorial ports 2, 16 and 18. In every port will be two TBMs accomodated, in the port 16 will be the the European Helium Cooled Pebble Bed blanket. In the different phases of ITER operation different TBMs will be used. Therefore a complex maintenance process is necessary for exchange the TBMs. Two TBMs are mounted into one common frame, into a Port Plug (PP), which offers a standardised interface to the Vacuum Vessel (VV). It is cantilevered with a flange to VV Port Extension. This attachment system is the same in every equatorial port, so the exchange process of this structure with the TBMs are also standard operation of ITER. Several components of the Helium cooling system of the EU breeder modules, valves, pipes, gas mixers, thermal sleeves, pipes for tritium extraction, measurement system, etc. All of them is integrated into the Ancillary Equipment Unit (AEU) which during operation will connect the port plug to the sub systems. The bigger part of the AEU is accomodated in the Port Cell and the rest part of it is penetrate to the interspace inside the bioshield and reach the back plane of the installed PP. The remote handling operations for connection / disconnection of an interface between the PP of the EU-TBMs and the AEU are investigated with the goal to reach a quick and simple TBM exchange procedure. The current design of the EU-TBMs foresees up to 18 supply lines for both TBMs. These lines have to be connected

  7. Design and initial application of the extended aircraft interrogation and display system: Multiprocessing ground support equipment for digital flight systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Richard D.

    1987-01-01

    A pipelined, multiprocessor, general-purpose ground support equipment for digital flight systems has been developed and placed in service at the NASA Ames Research Center's Dryden Flight Research Facility. The design is an outgrowth of the earlier aircraft interrogation and display system (AIDS) used in support of several research projects to provide engineering-units display of internal control system parameters during development and qualification testing activities. The new system, incorporating multiple 16-bit processors, is called extended AIDS (XAIDS) and is now supporting the X-29A forward-swept-wing aircraft project. This report describes the design and mechanization of XAIDS and shows the steps whereby a typical user may take advantage of its high throughput and flexible features.

  8. Development of a bridge transported servo manipulator for the maintenance of the hot cell equipment - a prototype design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mechanical Master - Slave Manipulators (MSMs ) which are mounted on the hot cell wall cannot access all the areas for the equipment maintenance due to their reach limitation. A Bridge Transported Servo Manipulator (BTSM) has been designed to overcome the limitation of access that is a drawback of the MSMs for the equipment maintenance. The BTSM system consists of four components : a transporter with a telescoping tubeset , a slave manipulator, a master manipulator, and a remote control system. T he BTSM system has been designed by Solid Edge which is a 3D CAD, except for the remote control system. In this paper, it is addressed the design and analysis of the mechanical parts, except for the design of the remote control system

  9. Penerapan Total Productive Maintenance Pada Pembangkit Listriktenaga Gas Gt 2.1 Dengan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Tarigan, Irvan Maulana

    2015-01-01

    PT. PLN (Persero) is a company engaged in the processing of electrical energy which is inseparable from the effectiveness of machinery and equipment problems caused by the six big losses. The impact of these problems will interfere with the machine work in accordance with the results that should be achieved. Hence the need for special attention regarding the maintenance and care of the machine with the purpose of the machine is capable of committing a longer production proce...

  10. Safety-related equipment prioritization for reliability centered maintenance purposes based on a plant specific level 1 PSA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Importance measures are widely used for multiple purposes concerning safety improvement of nuclear power plants (NPPs). This paper proposes a new approach for performing the safety-related equipment prioritization for reliability centered maintenance purposes that considers two measures of risk importance of components based on a simplified Core Damage Frequency model derived from the plant specific level 1 PSA. It is also included the case of application to the Residual Heat Removal System (RHRS) at the Confrentes NPP in Spain

  11. Development of maintenance technology for rotation equipments in the Tokai reprocessing plant. 1. Failure analysis for configuration parts of rotating equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many rotating equipments, such as blowers and pumps, are installed in the Tokai Reprocessing Plant. Blowers are important to keep containment ability of nuclear materials in the plant. This work focuses on the function of the blowers as an object of the evaluation. MTTF (Mean Time To Failure) and failure ratio distribution of the configuration parts in the blower were obtained from the maintenance data based on 30-year experiences. The reliability of every parts in the blower was evaluated by calculating MTBF (Mean Time Before Failure), which is based on the results of MTTF and failure ratio distribution. As a result of these analyses, the blowers have sufficient degree of reliability, and our maintenance system to prevent failures has been performed adequately. (author)

  12. Dose expenditure minimization during the NPP equipment and systems maintenance and repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dose expenditure change depending on NPP operation term was estimated as well as maintenance and repair contribution to the collective dose depending on the reactor type. The ways to decrease the staff irradiation during the NPP maintenance were analyzed. The optimization relevance when radioactive protection choosing was shown

  13. Plant and equipment division laboratory services series: a ten-year building-maintenance cost history

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintaining a multifacility national laboratory in a safe, reliable condition is a complex management responsibility in terms of budgets, costs, and proper utilization of personnel and material resources. Increasing wage rates and material costs, combined with decreased budgets and aging facilities, create unusual challenges to maintenance managers. A ten-year history of building-maintenance costs, a brief description of the maintenance program, analyses of personnel requirements, cost increase indexes, unit costs, cost controls, procedures, and a brief discussion of alterations and improvements are presented

  14. Fault tolerant attitude control for small unmanned aircraft systems equipped with an airflow sensor array

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Inspired by sensing strategies observed in birds and bats, a new attitude control concept of directly using real-time pressure and shear stresses has recently been studied. It was shown that with an array of onboard airflow sensors, small unmanned aircraft systems can promptly respond to airflow changes and improve flight performances. In this paper, a mapping function is proposed to compute aerodynamic moments from the real-time pressure and shear data in a practical and computationally tractable formulation. Since many microscale airflow sensors are embedded on the small unmanned aircraft system surface, it is highly possible that certain sensors may fail. Here, an adaptive control system is developed that is robust to sensor failure as well as other numerical mismatches in calculating real-time aerodynamic moments. The advantages of the proposed method are shown in the following simulation cases: (i) feedback pressure and wall shear data from a distributed array of 45 airflow sensors; (ii) 50% failure of the symmetrically distributed airflow sensor array; and (iii) failure of all the airflow sensors on one wing. It is shown that even if 50% of the airflow sensors have failures, the aircraft is still stable and able to track the attitude commands. (paper)

  15. Trade and Industrial Education. Course of Study for Mine Equipment Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simms, James C., Comp.; Tweed, Stephen C., Comp.

    Intended as a teaching and learning guide for use with high school students who are interested in the occupation of mine equipment repairman, this beginning course is designed to give students the opportunity to develop the necessary skills required to perform the tasks of a mine equipment repairman; acquire the related information necessary to…

  16. Methods for Determining Aircraft Surface State at Lesser-Equipped Airports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Keenan; Null, Jody

    2016-01-01

    Tactical departure scheduling within a terminal airspace must accommodate a wide spectrum of surveillance and communication capabilities at multiple airports. The success of such a scheduler is highly dependent upon the knowledge of a departure's state while it is still on the surface. Airports within a common Terminal RAdar CONtrol (TRACON) airspace possess varying levels of surface surveillance infrastructure which directly impacts uncertainties in wheels-off times. Large airports have access to surface surveillance data, which is shared with the TRACON, while lesser-equipped airports still rely solely on controllers in Air Traffic Control Towers (Towers). Coordination between TRACON and Towers can be greatly enhanced when the TRACON controller has access to the surface surveillance and the associated decision-support tools at well-equipped airports. Similar coordination at lesser-equipped airports is still based on verbal communications. This paper investigates possible methods to reduce the uncertainty in wheels-off time predictions at the lesser-equipped airports through the novel use of Over-the-Air (OTA) data transmissions. We also discuss the methods and equipment used to collect sample data at lesser-equipped airports within a large US TRACON, as well as the data evaluation to determine if meaningful information can be extracted from it.

  17. 78 FR 79599 - Airworthiness Directives; Various Aircraft Equipped With Wing Lift Struts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-31

    ...: Airworthiness Directive 99-01-05 R1, Amendment 39-17688 (78 FR 73997, December 10, 2013), will require... published in the Federal Register on January 16, 2013 (78 FR 3356). No other part of the preamble or... Equipped With Wing Lift Struts AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final...

  18. Application of new control technology during the maintenance of equipment in the Laguna Verde nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde, in normal operation and recharges are carried out activities of preventive maintenance and corrective to different equipment, due to the one displacement of radioactive materials from the vessel of the reactor until the one system of vapor, different radiation levels are generated (from low until very high) in the circuits of vapor and water, the particles can be incrusted on those interior surfaces of the pipes and equipment, creating this way a potential risk of contamination and exhibition during the maintenance of equipment. To help to optimize the dose to the personnel the use of new technology the has been implemented which besides contributing an absolute control of the work, it offers bigger comfort to the one worker during the development of their work, also contributing a supervision more effective of the same one. Using the captured and processed information of the work developed you can use for the personnel's capacitation and feedback of the work for the continuous improvement of the same one. During a reduction of programmed power and normal operation are carried out maintenance correctives and specific works to preserve the readiness and ability of the equipment and with this to maintain the security of the nuclear power plant. The development of the theme it is showing the advances and commitments of personnel to take to excellence to the nuclear power plant of Laguna Verde showing to the obtained results of the dose and benefits of 2 works carried out in the nuclear power plant where tools ALARA were applied as well as the use of the new technology (Video Equipment of Tele dosimetry and Audio 'VETA') in works carried out in the building of purification level 10.15, change and cuts of filter of the prefilters of system G16, as well as,the retirement and transfer for its decay of High Integrity Container (HIC) of the building of purification level -0.55 to the Temporary Warehouse in Site. Works of high

  19. Standard Test Method for Effects of Cleaning and Chemical Maintenance Materials on Painted Aircraft Surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers determination of the effects of cleaning solutions and liquid cleaner concentrates on painted aircraft surfaces (Note 1). Streaking, discoloration, and blistering may be determined visually. Softening is determined with a series of specially prepared pencils wherein determination of the softest pencil to rupture the paint film is made. Note 1—This test method is applicable to any paint film that is exposed to cleaning materials. MIL-PRF-85285 has been selected as a basic example. When other paint finishes are used, refer to the applicable material specification for panel preparation and system curing prior to testing. 1.2 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard. 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user ...

  20. On the response of a reactor building and its equipment to aircraft crash

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study investigates the dynamic response of the ASEA-ATOM BWR 75 reactor building in terms of response spectra at significant locations considering various aircraft and points of load application. In the first part of the study a total of 21 forcing functions, most of them from the open literature and including the commonly used standard functions, have been studied with respect to documentation, consistency and frequency content. Since none of the forcing functions have been experimentally verified, their validity must be assessed mainly by judging the structural models and assumptions used in their derivation and by checking their consistency. In the second part, linear dynamical models of various degrees of detailedness have been investigated regarding their capacity to describe the behavior of the reactor building under this high frequency loading. The most detailed model consists of plane stress finite elements for every significant wall and floor. In the third part of the study the effects of a number of parameters on the response of the building are investigated. The parameters include the points of attack, damping values, soil spring stiffness as well as different forcing functions of various frequency contents. The reponse is displayed as response spectra and member forces for characteristic locations. The results serve as a basis for development of standardized design floor response spectra and for the structural verification of the bui

  1. Maintenance and servicing comparative study of farm machineries and equipments for case Ghana .

    OpenAIRE

    Wallace, Edvin

    2014-01-01

    Ghana has all the natural and political preconditions to become among the surplus food producers. But the current situation shows that Ghana has not been able to feed it population because farmers cultivate in a primitive way which has affected the productivity level in agriculture. Farming on a large scale and improved production of agricultural products can be achieved only when there is a gradual transition to modern agriculture using mechanization equipment. The introduction of modern agr...

  2. DELMIA 人机工程在飞机虚拟维修中的应用%Application of DELMIA-ergonomics in aircraft virtual maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王占海; 李勇; 王霖

    2015-01-01

    以目前航空部门普遍采用的 DELMIA 软件为平台,介绍了虚拟维修技术在飞机维修性设计中的作用,阐述了基于 DELMIA 软件的交互式虚拟维修流程,以及其中的虚拟场景构建、维修仿真过程和维修性分析、评价技术。%Digital Enterprise Lean Manufacturing Interactive Application (DELMIA),which was developed by the French Dassault Corporation and has been used widely in the aviation department in China,is an software for the aircraft virtual maintenance.In this paper,the virtual maintenance technology in the aircraft design and mainte-nance is fully introduced,including interactive virtual maintenance flow,the virtual scene structuring,the process of virtual maintenance simulation,the maintainability analysis and maintainability evaluation technology.

  3. Analysis of Equipment Maintenance Flow Based on Queuing Theory%基于排队论的装备维修过程分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波; 于永利; 徐英; 张柳; 孙志刚

    2012-01-01

    装备维修过程的分析是研究维修保障系统结构与运行的基础.以装备实际维修过程为依据,采用排队理论对维修过程中的基本维修排队结构进行了分析,建立了维修保障单元数量和损伤装备平均修复服务时间的关系模型.最后结合某型装备的维修过程实例,对该方法的可行性、实用性进行了验证.%The analysis of equipment maintenance flow is the basis of research on maintenance support system's structure and operation. According to equipment maintenance flow? The basic maintenance queuing structures are analyzed by queuing theory. The relation model of number of maintenance support unit and the mean time to repair service of failure equipment is built up. Finally, the feasibility and usability of the method are validated by a demonstration combining the maintenance flow of some equipment.

  4. 14 CFR 129.17 - Aircraft communication and navigation equipment for operations under IFR or over the top.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aircraft communication and navigation....S.-REGISTERED AIRCRAFT ENGAGED IN COMMON CARRIAGE General § 129.17 Aircraft communication and... accuracy required for ATC; (ii) One marker beacon receiver providing visual and aural signals; and...

  5. Hydrodynamic and Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Model of a Supersonic Multijet Water-Based Aircraft Equipped with Supercavitating Hydrofoils

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKann, Robert E.; Blanchard, Ulysse J.; Pearson, Albin O.

    1960-01-01

    The hydrodynamic and aerodynamic characteristics of a model of a multijet water-based Mach 2.0 aircraft equipped with hydrofoils have been determined. Takeoff stability and spray characteristics were very good, and sufficient excess thrust was available for takeoff in approximately 32 seconds and 4,700 feet at a gross weight of 225,000 pounds. Longitudinal and lateral stability during smooth-water landings were good. Lateral stability was good during rough-water landings, but forward location of the hydrofoils or added pitch damping was required to prevent diving. Hydrofoils were found to increase the aerodynamic lift-curve slope and to increase the aerodynamic drag coefficient in the transonic speed range, and the maximum lift-drag ratio decreased from 7.6 to 7.2 at the cruise Mach number of 0.9. The hydrofoils provided an increment of positive pitching moment over the Mach number range of the tests (0.6 to 1.42) and reduced the effective dihedral and directional stability.

  6. Transmission Characteristics on Wire-Driven Links of a Bridge Transported Servo Manipulator for the ACP Equipment Maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A bridge transported servo manipulator (BTSM) system for the advanced spent fuel conditioning process (ACP) has been developed to overcome the limitation of access, which is a drawback of mechanical master-slave manipulators (MSM) for the equipment maintenance. The servo manipulator is composed of a slave manipulator attached to the telescoping tube sets equipped with the overhead bridge installed at a hot cell and a master manipulator installed at an out-of-hot cell. Each manipulator has 7 degrees-of-freedom (DOF): a body rotation, an upper-arm tilt, a lower-arm tilt, a lower-arm rotation, a wrist pan and tilt, and a grasp motion. A wire-driven mechanism for a lower-arm rotation, a wrist pan and tilt, and a grasp motion of the manipulator has been adopted to increase the handling capacity compared to the manipulator weight and decrease the friction. The main disadvantage of the wire-driven mechanism is that if one link is in motion, other links can be affected. In this paper, the transmission characteristics among the wire-driven links have been formulated to overcome this drawback. The unexpected behaviors are confirmed by analyses of transmission characteristics as well as experiments. Also, the experimental results show that the unexpected behaviors are greatly decreased by the proposed compensation equations

  7. A prediction method based on grey system theory in equipment condition based maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grey prediction is a modeling method based on historical or present, known or indefinite information, which can be used for forecasting the development of the eigenvalues of the targeted equipment system and setting up the model by using less information. In this paper, the postulate of grey system theory, which includes the grey generating, the sorts of grey generating and the grey forecasting model, is introduced first. The concrete application process, which includes the grey prediction modeling, grey prediction, error calculation, equal dimension and new information approach, is introduced secondly. Application of a so-called 'Equal Dimension and New Information' (EDNI) technology in grey system theory is adopted in an application case, aiming at improving the accuracy of prediction without increasing the amount of calculation by replacing old data with new ones. The proposed method can provide a new way for solving the problem of eigenvalue data exploding in equal distance effectively, short time interval and real time prediction. The proposed method, which was based on historical or present, known or indefinite information, was verified by the vibration prediction of induced draft fan of a boiler of the Yantai Power Station in China, and the results show that the proposed method based on grey system theory is simple and provides a high accuracy in prediction. So, it is very useful and significant to the controlling and controllable management in safety production. (authors)

  8. Remote system of data acquisition and equipment maintenance with communication door Series; Sistema remoto de aquisicao de dados e manutencao de equipamentos com portas de comunicacao Serie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marques, Ailton; Cabrera, Fernando [TRANSIERRA S.A., Santa Cruz (Bolivia)

    2005-07-01

    The present work has for objective to present the Remote System of Data Acquisition and Equipment Maintenance with Communication door Series - GASYRG. The solution is based on a converter of protocol (Serial -Ethernet) and a panel that the function of commutator (switch) managed by control system assumes (SCADA). (author)

  9. Comparative Occupational Survey of Civilian and Military Members in the Pavements Maintenance and Construction Equipment Operator Specialties. Final Report for Period 1 October 1975-30 October 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, Douglas K.

    A study was conducted to analyze and compare the job performance of civil service and military pavements maintenance workers and construction equipment operators. A military sample of 2,675 and a civilian sample of 1,974 were surveyed by means of a job inventory checklist and relative time spent rating method. Of the three job types that were…

  10. [Airway equipment and its maintenance for a non difficult adult airway management (endotracheal intubation and its alternative: face mask, laryngeal mask airway, laryngeal tube)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francon, D; Estèbe, J P; Ecoffey, C

    2003-08-01

    The airway equipment for a non difficult adult airway management are described: endotracheal tubes with a specific discussion on how to inflate the balloon, laryngoscopes and blades, stylets and intubation guides, oral airways, face masks, laryngeal mask airways and laryngeal tubes. Cleaning and disinfections with the maintenance are also discussed for each type of airway management. PMID:12943860

  11. Practical Maintenance of Digital Systems. Guidance to Maximize the Benefits of Digital Technology for the Maintenance of Digital Systems and Plant Equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report presents detailed guidance for the maintenance and testing of modern digital systems. The guidance provides practical means for plants to take advantage of the increased diagnostic and self-test capabilities of these systems. It helps plants avoid mistakes in design and installation that could lead to increased maintenance burden and decreased system reliability and availability

  12. Practical Maintenance of Digital Systems: Guidance to Maximize the Benefits of Digital Technology for the Maintenance of Digital Systems and Plant Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hill, D; Scarola, K

    2004-10-30

    This report presents detailed guidance for the maintenance and testing of modern digital systems. The guidance provides practical means for plants to take advantage of the increased diagnostic and self-test capabilities of these systems. It helps plants avoid mistakes in design and installation that could lead to increased maintenance burden and decreased system reliability and availability.

  13. Development of Hospital Equipment Maintenance Information System%医院设备维修信息系统的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周之昕

    2015-01-01

    Hospital equipment maintenance information system plays an important role in improving medical treatment quality and efficiency. By requirement analysis of hospital equipment maintenance, the system function diagram is drawed. According to analysis of input and output data, tables and reports in connection with equipment maintenance process, relationships between entity and attribute is found out, and E-R diagram is drawed and relational database table is established. Software development should meet actual process requirement of maintenance and have a friendly user interface and flexible operation. The software can analyze failure cause by statistical analysis.%医院设备维修信息系统对提高医疗质量及效率都起着重要的作用。通过对医院设备维修需求分析,制定了总体功能架构。根据与设备维修流程有关的输入输出数据、表单、表格分析,找出实体-属性联系,做出E-R图并生成关系数据库表。软件开发应符合维修工作实际流程需要,用户界面友好,操作灵活,该软件通过统计分析能对故障产生的原因做出分析。

  14. Lean Equipment Maintenance Management and Real izing Method%装备维修精细化管理与实现路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪胭; 徐鹏飞; 杨超

    2016-01-01

    从维修任务预计、维修资源掌控、维修活动实施等方面,分析了装备维修精细化管理的核心目标。将理论方法、技术手段、基础条件有机结合,构建起以组织结构精细化、运行流程精细化、制度规范精细化为主要内容的精细化管理体系框架。从思维模式、发展模式、考评模式等3个方面,提出了装备维修精细化管理的实现路径。%This paper analyzes the key target of the lean equipment maintenance management from several aspects like prediction of maintenance tasks,grasp of maintenance resources and imple-mentation of maintenance activities etc.By combining the theoretical methods and technical approa-ches with basic conditions,the paper constructs a lean management system framework supported by lean management of organizational structure,operational flow and institutional standards and propo-ses methods to realize the lean management of equipment maintenance which includes the thinking mode,development mode and evaluation mode etc.

  15. 医疗仪器设备维修管理方法的研究%Maintenance and Management Method of Medical Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海涛; 王思杰

    2012-01-01

    The maintenance and management of medical instrument and equipment is a crucial work in hospital, and it is directly related to the clinical effect and the hospital's medical reputation, also affects the hospital's economic benefits. The maintenance and management methods for medical instrument and equipment are researched in this article.%对医疗仪器设备的维修和管理是医院一项至关重要的工作,它会直接关系到临床医疗效果乃至医院的声誉,也会影响到医院的运行的经济效益.本文就医疗仪器设备维修管理方法进行研究.

  16. 医疗设备维修管理系统的研发%The development of the maintenance management system of the medical equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗长江

    2015-01-01

    随着信息化时代进程持续加快,各项网络技术发展迅速,诸多信息资源之间的交互变得更为便捷。为了适应数字化时代的发展且提升工作效率,医院信息化建设务必紧跟时代潮流。医疗设备维修管理系统是医院重要的组成部分,采用VB及SQL技术研制出医院医疗设备维修管理系统极为关键,该系统涵盖了医疗设备各项基本信息录入,具备设备维修记录管理和设备进行价值分析及状态分析等方面功能。医疗设备维修管理是医院设备科工作的重心,更是院领导购置新设备决策的主要依据。据有关调查数据分析,国内诸多医院医疗设备维护管理均是各有特色,但对于维修记录及设备分析等方面工作的方式稍有欠缺,同时管理上也出现漏洞,制约着医院医疗仪器统计及分析准确性。本文分析了医院医疗设备维修管理,并提出实用性系统研发策略。%With continuously speeding up of the process of information era, the network technology development rapidly, the interaction between the various information resources has become more convenient.In order to adapt to the development of the digital age and improve work efficiency, the hospital information construction must keep up with the trend of the times.Medical equipment maintenance management system is an important part for the hospital, using VB and SQL technology to develop the hospital medical equipment maintenance management system is key, this system covers all basic information input, with the function of equipment maintenance records management and equipment’s value analysis and status analysis, etc.Medical equipment maintenance management is the center of gravity of the equipment section of the hospital work, and also the main basis for the leaders to purchase new equipment.According to the survey data analysis, the domestic’s hospital medical equipment maintenance and management are

  17. Kajian Total Productive Maintenance Pada Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Gas Dan Uap Blok I St 1.0 Sicanang Belawan Dengan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Sitanggang, Hasber F. H.

    2015-01-01

    PT. PLN (Persero) is a company engaged in the producer of electrical energy which is inseparable from the effectiveness of machinery and equipment problems caused by the six big losses. The impact of these problems will interfere with the machine work in accordance with the results that should be achieved. Hence the need for special attention regarding the maintenance and care of the machine with the purpose of the machine is capable of committing a longer production process and generate a p...

  18. Tentative study on maintenance and management of large medical equipment%大型医疗设备维修管理的思考和探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈嬛; 刘珍才; 汪兴旺

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To strengthen management of medical equipment to annotate the philosophy of producing benefit by management, and to make maintenance cost under control. Methods: We ensured that the device to be well allocated with maintenance force by self, seek for technical support from third-party; strengthen preventive maintenance of equipment to decrease breakdown ratio of equipment; enhance contract restriction on service after sales; industrial guild, goods price inspecting authorities should conduct monitoring on maintenance price. Results: Through discussion on management of large devices, we found feasible methodsfor its maintenance to promote its comprehensive efficacy. Conclusion: The discussion can be performed to control maintenance price and decrease maintenance cost to promote hospital's social and economic benefits.%目的:医院加强对大型医疗设备的维修管理,体现管理产生效益的理念,有效控制口益增长的维修费用。方法:配备好医院自身维修力量,加强对设备使用人员日常维护保养的教育培训。寻找第三方售后技术支持,加强设备预防性的维护保养,降低故障率;加强对厂家售后服务的合同约束。行业协会、物价部门应对设备维修价格实施监测。结果:通过对大型医疗设备维修管理的探讨,找出切实可行的维修管理办法,提高医疗仪器设备的综合效益。结论:控制医院大型医疗设备的维修费用,降低维修成本,增加医院的经济效益和社会效益。

  19. The drive for Aircraft Energy Efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, R. L., Jr.; Maddalon, D. V.

    1984-01-01

    NASA's Aircraft Energy Efficiency (ACEE) program, which began in 1976, has mounted a development effort in four major transport aircraft technology fields: laminar flow systems, advanced aerodynamics, flight controls, and composite structures. ACEE has explored two basic methods for achieving drag-reducing boundary layer laminarization: the use of suction through the wing structure (via slots or perforations) to remove boundary layer turbulence, and the encouragement of natural laminar flow maintenance through refined design practices. Wind tunnel tests have been conducted for wide bodied aircraft equipped with high aspect ratio supercritical wings and winglets. Maneuver load control and pitch-active stability augmentation control systems reduce fuel consumption by reducing the drag associated with high aircraft stability margins. Composite structures yield lighter airframes that in turn call for smaller wing and empennage areas, reducing induced drag for a given payload. In combination, all four areas of development are expected to yield a fuel consumption reduction of 40 percent.

  20. Application of PSA methodology for optimization of repairs, maintenance and tests modes of the equipment of NPPs with RBMK types reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present paper is an example of the use of PSA (Probabilistic Safety Assessment) level 1, as a tool for risk monitoring at planning of repairs, maintenance and tests of technical systems equipment of Leningrad Power Plant Unit 1. PSA methodology allows us to determine the importance of Allowable Outage Time (AOT) of equipment and periodic checks intervals, to calculate limiting values of these parameters and, if necessary, to make its optimization. Regulations of NPPs operation defines AOT as follows: AOT is the time, when equipment or a technical system is out of service for repair, maintenance and tests. For determination of the importance of failures (here removing out of service) of system components or a system it is necessary to estimate Risk Increase Factor (RIF) for each basic event (i) in PSA method, level 1: RIF equals CDF(i)/CDF(ib), where CDF(i) is the Core Damage Frequency when the failure probability for given (i) basic event is equal to 1, CDF(ib) is the analogues real (basic-b) value for the given (i) basic event. Knowing the RIF value it is possible to determine importance of a component or a system, which is removing out of service, and to optimize items of Regulations, relating to AOT values. This methodology has been applied to the optimization of Allowable Outage Times for Leningrad power plant equipment, which is removed out of service for repair, maintenance and tests. It was showed that there are 2 dangerous modes of operation: the simultaneous removing for repair of two pumps (Accident Feed Water Pumps) 1APN-4 and 1APN-5, and the removing for repair of the ECCS tank

  1. Maintenance methods

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance method applied at the Hague is summarized. The method was developed in order to solve problems relating to: the different specialist fields, the need for homogeneity in the maintenance work, the equipment diversity, the increase of the materials used at the Hague's new facilities. The aim of the method is to create a knowhow formalism, to facilitate maintenance, to ensure the running of the operations and to improve the estimation of the maintenance cost. One of the method's difficulties is the demonstration of the profitability of the maintenance operations

  2. Prismatic sealed nickel-cadmium batteries utilizing fiber structured electrodes. II - Applications as a maintenance free aircraft battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderman, Menahem; Benczur-Urmossy, Gabor; Haschka, Friedrich

    Test data on prismatic sealed Ni-Cd batteries utilizing fiber structured electrodes (sealed FNC) is discussed. It is shown that, under a voltage limited charging scheme, the charge acceptance of the sealed FNC battery is far superior to that of the standard vented aircraft Ni-Cd batteries. This results in the sealed FNC battery maintaining its capacity over several thousand cycles without any need for electrical conditioning or water topping. APU start data demonstrate superior power capabilities over existing technologies. Performance at low temperature is presented. Abuse test results reveal a safe fail mechanism even under severe electrical abuse.

  3. Preventative Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migliorino, James

    Boards of education must be convinced that spending money up front for preventive maintenance will, in the long run, save districts' tax dollars. A good program of preventive maintenance can minimize disruption of service; reduce repair costs, energy consumption, and overtime; improve labor productivity and system equipment reliability; handle…

  4. Studi Penerapan Total Productive Maintenance Menggunakan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) dan Six Big Losses pada Generator Diesel Type 700 di PT. PP London Sumatera Indonesia Tbk Bagerpang POM

    OpenAIRE

    Manurung, Evin Dunan

    2016-01-01

    Total Productive maintennace is one of solution to special attention on the care and maintenance of the Diesel Generator with goal machine can perform longer production process and generate power source properly . Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is one of the tools to improve the effectiveness of the utilization rate Diese Generator; and equipment. OEE is as an application program of Total Productive Maintenance (TPM). This study measures the value of the production line OEE PT. PP LOND...

  5. Performance test of diamond-like carbon films for lubricating ITER blanket maintenance equipment under GPa-level high contact stress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating was tested as a candidate solid lubricant for transmission gears of the maintenance equipment of the blanket of the ITER instead of an oil lubricant. The wear tests using the pin-on-disk method were performed on disks with SCM440 and SNCM420 as the base materials and coated with soft, layered, and hard DLCs. All cases satisfied the required allowable contact stress (2 GPa) and lifetime (104 cycles), and therefore the feasibility of the DLC coating was validated. Among the three types of DLCs, the soft DLC showed the best performance. (author)

  6. 设备维护改进实施决策模型%Implementation decision-making model on equipment maintenance improvement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洪根

    2011-01-01

    As to the problem of quantitative methods for equipment maintenance improvement implementation decision-making, a house of maintenance improving (HOMI) model was built based on quality function development (QFD). On this basis, a dependent function was established, which took the autocorrelation of decision-making variables existed between the improvement of maintenance demand project and the improvement of technical characteristic in each maintenance implementation into account. Using the multi-objective programming method, a implementation decision-making model of maintenance improvement demand project was founded. An illustrative example shows that the model has practicability and effectiveness.%针对设备维护改进实施的量化决策问题,基于质量机能展开(QFD)构建了以维护改进需求项目和维护改进实施手段、技术及其相互关系为内容的维护改进屋(HOMI),并给出了考虑维护改进决策变量自相关存在的维护改进需求项目的改善率与各个维护改进实施技术特征改善率之间的关联函数式,在此基础上利用多目标规划方法进一步建立了维护改进需求项目的实施决策模型.算例分析结果表明,该模型对于维护改进规划是可行、有效的.

  7. 基于Prolog语言的装备维修决策专家系统设计与开发%The Design and Development for Equipment Maintenance Decision-Making Expert System Based on Prolog Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王广彦; 胡起伟; 王亚彬

    2012-01-01

    The equipment maintenance decision-making expert system is designed and developed based on Prolog intelligent language. The characteristics of equipment maintenance experts are researched thoroughly from the sides of maintenance knowledge and inferential ability. The basic syntaxes and inferential formats of expert system based on Prolog are analyzed, as well as their applications in equipment maintenance. The element knowledge database, correlative knowledge database, and application knowledge database are designed and developed for equipment maintenance decision-making expert system. At last a equipment maintenance decision-making expert system is developed through combinatorial programming of Visual Prolog and VC++.%采用Prolog智能语言对装备维修决策专家系统进行了设计与开发。从维修知识和推理能力两方面研究了装备维修专家的基本特点;分析了基于Prolog的专家系统的基本语法、推理方式及其在装备维修中的应用方式;设计并开发了装备维修决策专家系统的元知识库、关联知识库和应用知识库;最后采用Visual Prolog和VC++混合编程方式开发了某装备维修决策专家系统。

  8. Development of methodologies for optimization of surveillance testing and maintenance of safety related equipment at NPPs. Report of a research coordination meeting. Working material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes the results of the first meeting of the Coordinated Research Programme (CRP) on Development of Methodologies for Optimization of Surveillance Testing and Maintenance of Safety Related Equipment at NPPs, held at the Agency Headquarters in Vienna, from 16 to 20 December 1996. The purpose of this Research Coordination Meeting (RCM) was that all Chief Scientific Investigators of the groups participating in the CRP presented an outline of their proposed research projects. Additionally, the participants discussed the objective, scope, work plan and information channels of the CRP in detail. Based on these presentations and discussions, the entire project plan was updated, completed and included in this report. This report represents a common agreed project work plan for the CRP. Refs, figs, tabs

  9. Conceptual design studies of special-purpose equipment for Fusion Engineering Device torus-sector remote maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the major maintenance operations anticipated for fusion reactors of the Tokamak configuration is remote removal and replacement of torus sectors. This operation will be difficult due to the massive nature of the sector (375 tonnes), and also due to the precision with which it must be positioned within the fixed structure. The same problem, only to a lesser degree, applies to sub-components of the sector such as the limiter blades, shielding, test assemblies, etc. General and specific design requirements have been generated and trade studies conducted on reactor interfacing details as well as handling machine concepts. On the basis of the design requirements and trade studies, a perferred concept for the sector handling machine was developed. In addition, a similar machine was developed for handling the intermediate sized sector sub-components. While most operations will be performed by special purpose machines such as described above, there is a need for a versatile, relatively high capacity mobile system. A concept suitable for this mobile application was also developed as part of these studies. The general conclusion, to the extent these studies have been completed, was that special single-purpose machines will be required to perform the operations requiring high load capacity and handling precision. The machine concepts developed were felt to be within the state-of-the-art, and will make extensive use of commercially available components. The most serious problem was felt to be development of simple methods to obtain the required precision in positioning massive objects such as the torus sector

  10. Low velocity blunt impacts on composite aircraft structures

    OpenAIRE

    Whisler, Daniel A.

    2009-01-01

    As composites are increasingly used for primary structures in commercial aircrafts, it is necessary to understand damage initiation for composites subject to low velocity impacts from service conditions, maintenance, and other ground equipment mishaps. In particular, collisions with ground vehicles can present a wide area, blunt impact. Therefore, the effects of bluntness of an impactor are of interest as this is related to both the external visual detectability of an impact event, as well as...

  11. Neutron radiography at the Institut de Maintenance Aeronautique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently the French Institut de Maintenance Aeronautique (IMA) decided to open a new field of research specially devoted to the inspection methods that should be used by the aircraft overhauling industry. Taking into account its proved ability for an early corrosion detection, neutron radiography (NR) was selected as an inspection method to be appraised. This paper presents the approach that IMA intends to follow for achieving this objective and involving selection of equipment, design of the facility and research program.(author)

  12. 间接状态监测下基于维修费用及残余寿命的设备维修策略%Research of Equipment Maintenance Strategy Based on Maintenance Cost and Residual Life In Indirect Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈友玲; 张立元; 刘文科; 王建华; 郭金龙

    2012-01-01

    针对不能直接诊断间接状态监测下设备劣化状态的问题,提出了制定费用最优的设备预防性维修策略方法.利用马尔可夫链表示设备的劣化状态,给出了设备可靠度函数,运用贝叶斯规则和马尔可夫模型进行设备状态概率分布研究,建立了间接状态下设备维修费用和设备残余寿命模型,分析了基于设备维修费用和设备残余寿命的设备维修策略.通过实例说明了间接状态监测下基于维修费用和残余寿命制定并实施最优维修决策标准的方法.%For the equipment deterioration condition can not be diagnosed directly in indirect monitoring, this paper proposed a method of equipment preventive maintenance strategy with minimum cost. By using Markov chain to express equipment deterioration condition, the equipment reliability function was pro- posed. Bayes rule and the hidden Markov model were used to research equipment condition probability dis- tribution . The equipment maintenance cost model and the equipment residual life model were established in indirect monitoring to carry equipment maintenance strategy analysis based on maintenance cost and re- sidual life. The implementation of the optimum maintenance decision criterion was illustrated based on ma- intenance cost and residual life in indirect monitoring.

  13. DATA SHARING REPORT CHARACTERIZATION OF POPULATION 7: PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT, DRY ACTIVE WASTE, AND MISCELLANEOUS DEBRIS, SURVEILLANCE AND MAINTENANCE PROJECT OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harpenau, Evan M

    2013-10-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM-OR) requested that Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), working under the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, provide technical and independent waste management planning support under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). Specifically, DOE EM-OR requested that ORAU plan and implement a sampling and analysis campaign targeting certain URS|CH2M Oak Ridge, LLC (UCOR) surveillance and maintenance (S&M) process inventory waste. Eight populations of historical and reoccurring S&M waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have been identified in the Waste Handling Plan for Surveillance and Maintenance Activities at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/OR/01-2565&D2 (WHP) (DOE 2012) for evaluation and processing to determine a final pathway for disposal. Population 7 (POP 7) consists of 56 containers of aged, low-level and potentially mixed S&M waste that has been staged in various locations around ORNL. Several of these POP 7 containers primarily contain personal protective equipment (PPE) and dry active waste (DAW), but may contain other miscellaneous debris. This data sharing report addresses the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) specified waste in a 13-container subpopulation (including eight steel boxes, three 55-gal drums, one sealand, and one intermodal) that lacked sufficient characterization data for possible disposal at the Environmental Management Waste Management Facility (EMWMF) using the approved Waste Lot (WL) 108.1 profile.

  14. Screening of external hazards for NPP with bank type reactor. Modeling of safety related systems and equipment for RBMK. Probabilistic assessment of NPP safety on aircraft impact. Progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This progress report was produced within the frame of IAEA research project on screening the hazards for NPP with bank type reactor. It covers the following tasks; development of the model for the primary loop system of RBMK; developing the models for safety related equipment of RBMK; developing of models for safety related models of EGP-6 type reactor (Bilibinskaya Nuclear Co-generated heat and Power Plant); and probabilistic assessment of NPP safety on aircraft impact

  15. Virtual 3-D operational planning in the maintenance of main mine equipment; Virtuelle 3D-Ablaufplanung in der Instandhaltung von Tagebaugrossgeraeten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suchodoll, Dirk; Eberlein, Mark [RWE Power AG, Frechen (Germany). Technikzentrum Tagebaue/HW; Stock, Wilhelm [RWE Power AG, Koeln (Germany)

    2012-09-15

    To optimise the sequence of operations for replacing the ball race of a bucket-wheel excavator during an outage of several weeks using a virtual 3-D model of this ball race, an interdisciplinary project team consisting of employees of the Fraunhofer Institute of Factory Operation and Automation (IFF) in Magdeburg, mechanical engineers specialised in maintenance and main mine equipment and employees of RWE Power AG specialised in technical further education developed, optimised and applied such a model. Owing to the fact that a process of this complexity has never been examined, documented and assessed at this level of detail before, immense knowledge present only in experts' minds so far could be recorded and transferred to the model. This constitutes a significant added value to RWE Power AG's maintenance core competency. Following a modification of its data set, this model can be used further for subsequent projects in connection with other bucket-wheel excavators. This model combines engineering, maintenance and occupational safety and can be equally applied for process optimisation, trainings on the construction site and technical further education. This is promoted by the fact that the virtual model is intuitive to use and has no special hardware requirements. The results have shown that virtualising processes and plants also opens up new ways in knowledge retention and transfer to respond more effectively, promptly and in a more demand-oriented manner to the further-education requirements of a modern company. The use of this virtual 3-D model cannot be assessed reliably in terms of costs and benefits because of its manifold and complex application fields on the one hand and due to the difficulty of evaluating the process improvements achieved on the other hand. In addition, it must be taken into account that those process improvements could only be made in the first place because of the development of this model, allowing the &apos

  16. Input and Output Parameters of Equipment Maintenance Support Simulation System Evaluation%装备维修保障仿真系统评价的输入、输出参数

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    基于仿真实体研究了装备维修保障仿真系统的输入影响参数;对单元体进行了分类,分析了其属性,提出了聚合体属性的聚合方法。从装备维修保障能力综合评价和维修保障系统能力评价2个角度,研究了装备维修保障仿真系统的输出评价参数:考虑装备完好性和任务成功性,确定了装备维修保障能力综合评价参数;考虑保障目标和维修保障系统的层次性,确定了维修保障系统能力评价参数。研究理清了装备维修保障仿真系统的输入、输出,为后续研究工作奠定了基础。%Based on simulation entity,the input impact parameter of equipment maintenance support si-mulation system is studied,the unit entity is classified,the properties are analyzed,and the polymeriza-tion method of polymer entity properties is proposed.From the two angles of integrated evaluation of e-quipment maintenance support ability and evaluation of maintenance support system,the output evaluation parameters of equipment maintenance support simulation system are researched:in terms of the equipment readiness and mission success,the integrated evaluation parameters of equipment maintenance support abil-ity are determined;in terms of the different support goals and maintenance support system hierarchy,the e-valuation parameters of maintenance support system are determined.The input and output of equipment ma-intenance support simulation system is sorted out,which lays the foundation for the further research.

  17. Dynamic Evolution Model of Equipment Maintenance Organizational Structure Based on Multielement-Weighted Network%基于多元加权网络的装备维修保障组织结构动态演化模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐玉国; 邱静; 刘冠军

    2012-01-01

    针对维修保障组织结构的动态性分析与设计,引入了复杂网络的描述与分析方法,分析了现代维修保障组织的网络化特性,提出了描述维修保障组织结构的多元加权网络模型,并定义了刻画维修保障组织结构的5个特征量.通过分析拓扑结构特性与动态演化对维修保障组织结构的影响,提出了适应演化与随机演化2种维修保障组织结构的动态演化模型,并将其与5个特征量相结合提出了分析组织结构模型动态演化规律的算法,最终验证了该方法的可行性.结果表明该方法可以为维修保障组织结构的设计提供重要支持.%The dynamic analysis and design of equipment maintenance logistics organizational structure is a critical challenge in a complex networked environment. The network characteristics of equipment maintenance logistics organization was analyzed by using the complex network theory. A multielement-weighted network model of equipment maintenance logistics organizational structure was addressed, and five characteristic values which depict the maintenance logistics organizational structure were defined. The impact of topology characteristics and dynamic evolution on the equipment maintenance logistics organizational structure was analyzed. Two dynamic evolution models of equipment maintenance logistics organizational structure were proposed based on the multielement-weighted network, which are the random evolution model and the adaptive evolution model. And an algorithm for the analysis of organizational structure dynamics was proposed using the models along with those five characteristic values. Finally, an equipment maintenance logistics organizational structure was provided to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed method. The impact of adaptive evolution model parameters on the organizational structure performance was analyzed. The result shows the proposed method can be used to obtain the best maintenance

  18. Asphalt in Pavement Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asphalt Inst., College Park, MD.

    Maintenance methods that can be used equally well in all regions of the country have been developed for the use of asphalt in pavement maintenance. Specific information covering methods, equipment and terminology that applies to the use of asphalt in the maintenance of all types of pavement structures, including shoulders, is provided. In many…

  19. Maintenance management at the High Flux Isotope Reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance procedures are described for mechanical and electrical equipment; nuclear and process instrumentation; operational maintenance; equipment and systems inspections; and HFIR quality assurance

  20. 防空导弹武控设备实现CBM方法的探讨%Research on the Condition Based Maintenance for Weapon Control Equipment of Air-defense Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曲宏宇; 向哲

    2012-01-01

    针对解决防空导弹武控设备目前维修方式中的诸多问题,基于状态的维修(CBM)方式是有效解决途径之一。分析了对防空导弹武控设备进行CBM时的状态监测、失效模型建立、故障预测和维修决策等关键技术问题,探讨了防空导弹武控设备实现CBM的技术对策。结果表明,CBM具有诸多优点,它的实践应用必将引发武控设备维修技术的根本变革,促进高新技术在防空导弹武控设备维修领域的应用。%The condition based maintenance(CBM) is one of effective maintenance methods for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.The key techniques is analyzed about inspecting the condition,establishing invalidation modal,forecasting malfunction,maintenance decision-making of CBM that is used for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile,the technique countermeasure of carrying CBM is introduced.The results show CBM is effective,which will result in radical change in maintenance technique of weapon control equipment,and promote using of new techniques in maintenance for weapon control equipment of air-defense missile.

  1. Benefits to space logistics and supportability using intelligent, decision-making self-prognostic equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losik, L.

    To improve logistics and supportability for existing and future space systems, the key design driver needs to be changed from equipment and system performance to equipment usable life as is done on Air Force fighter aircraft and the new Boeing commercial passenger aircraft. Today, all space system procurement contracts require equipment performance to be measured and confirmed before purchase and delivery, but the same procurement contracts do not require the usable life of the equipment to be measured and confirmed resulting in equipment whose reliability/usable life is dominated by premature (infant mortality) failures. Premature failures drive space system logistics and supportability, increasing cost and decreasing serviceability and availability. However, reliability-centered systems measure equipment usable life to identify any equipment that suffer from an infant mortality for replacement before delivery, offer superior system availability, maintainability, reliability and supportability along with meeting or exceeding equipment and system performance requirements. Today, the expensive and outdated routine maintenance programs can be replaced by the cost-saving, condition-based maintenance (CBM) program. The CBM includes using intelligent, decision-making self-prognostic equipment that decrease increases availability while lowering the life cycle cost. The CBM is ideal for improving the logistics, availability and supportability for existing and tomorrow's space exploration programs that benefit financially from having the right equipment and supplies available at the right time.

  2. 48 CFR 246.408-71 - Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Aircraft. 246.408-71... Aircraft. (a) The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has certain responsibilities and prerogatives in connection with some commercial aircraft and of aircraft equipment and accessories (Pub. L. 85-726 (72...

  3. Equipment Support Operation and Maintenance Manpower Requirement Forecasting Model Based on Support Activity Flow%基于保障活动流程的装备保障使用与维修人力资源需求预测模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱燕琳; 王治宇; 章文晋

    2011-01-01

    In order to resolve the problems encountered in the process of forecasting operation and maintenance manpower during the design and development phase, including the difficulty to collect the input data of the forecast models and their imprecise and unauthentic output results, an operation and maintenance manpower forecasting model is established based on support activity flow described by functional flow diagrams. The typical mission of equipment is analyzed and the quantity of operation and maintenance support activities happened in the duration of the mission is calculated on the basis of the typical mission's data and equipment's reliability data. The man's working hours and maximum number required by the bottom support activities of the functional flow diagrams are calculated. A bottom-up approach to sum the total man' working hours and maximum number by the operation and maintenance support in the duration of the mission is presented. At last, the proposed model is demonstrated via a practical case of aircraft, which proved that the model is corrective and effective.%为解决研制阶段装备保障使用与维修人力资源需求预测过程中数据收集困难、预测精度不高等问题,建立了基于保障活动流程的装备保障人力资源需求预测模型.模型计算了研制阶段装备典型使用任务时的使用与维修保障活动次数;基于功能分析框图,计算框图底层保障活动所需的人员工时及单个活动所需最大人员数量,逐层向上汇总并获得装备使用任务阶段内所需的人员总工时和人员总数.通过算例验证模型的合理性与工程适用性,为研制部门预测装备使用与维修保障人力资源需求提供参考.

  4. Penerapan Total Productive Maintenance untuk Peningkatan Efisiensi Produksi dengan Menggunakan Metode Overall Equipment Effectiveness Pada Turbin Uap Type C5DS II - Gvs di PT. PP London Sumatera Indonesia Tbk Begerpang POM

    OpenAIRE

    Perangin–angin, Joel Bastanta

    2016-01-01

    Generally, there is nothing properties hand made without damaging, steam turbine engines as an example. But the damage can be prevent by the precise method maintenance in the machines for the long life time. This study analyzes the application of Total Productive Maintenace (TPM) at the steam turbine machinery to increase productivity by using the method Overall Equipment Efectiveness (OEE). In the analysis of TPM using OEE there are six causes of loss called Six Big Losses,...

  5. Research on the Eoploratory Analysis Method of Equipment Maintenance Support System Based on Simulation%基于仿真的装备维修保障系统探索性分析方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨英杰; 于永利; 张柳; 聂成龙; 宋海霞

    2014-01-01

    在基于仿真的装备维修保障系统运行评价的研究实践中,遇到输入影响因素多,因素取值调整复杂的现实问题。针对这一现实需求,将探索性分析思想引入装备维修保障系统的评价中。首先利用数学形式化建模方法,研究基于仿真的装备维修保障系统探索性分析方法的问题实质,在此基础上,提出基于仿真的装备维修保障系统探索性分析方法的研究路线,对所涉及的关键问题逐一进行分析,进而提出解决各个关键问题的技术途径。%During the research practice of evaluating the equipment maintenance support system operation based on simulation,such problems as multiple input factors,complexity of value factors adj ustment and other practical problems are encountered.This paper aims to meet these demands and introduces an exploratory analysis in the evaluation of the equipment maintenance support system operation.Firstly,by the use of mathematical formalization modeling method,nature of the equipment maintenance support system operation based on simulation is studied;then on this ba-sis,the research directions of the equipment maintenance support system operation based on simu-lation are proposed and each of the key issues involved is analyzed;and finally,the technical ap-proach to solve each key issues is proposed.

  6. Uncertainty of Model Input and Output in Equipment Maintenance Support Information Analysis%装备维修保障中模型输入、输出的不确定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪祥龙; 康建设; 王广彦; 白永生

    2014-01-01

    In order to study uncertainty spreading in equipment maintenance support information analysis. This paper illustrates the process of equipment maintenance support information analysis and summarizes two kinds of uncertainty forms,probable values and interval values. To measure uncertainty is based on the entropy theory in this paper. Then it explains the interval value uncertainty spreading mechanism in equipment maintenance support information analysis. The method of analysis the interval values uncertainty spreading based on blind number theory is studied. At last,combining with the uncertainty result of case proves that blind number theory are usefully to analysis uncertainty problem of equipment maintenance support and improve decision rationality.%为研究不确定性在装备维修保障信息分析中的传播,首先介绍了装备维修保障信息分析的过程,归纳了概率值与区间值两种不确定性表现形式,研究了基于熵的不确定性度量方法;然后研究了装备维修保障信息分析中的区间值不确定性的传播机理,以及应用盲数理论分析区间值不确定性传播的原理;最后结合平均维修时间的案例验证了盲数理论的应用,并得到带有不确定性的结果。说明了盲数理论有助于分析维修保障中的不确定性问题,提高决策科学性。

  7. Professional training for hygienic and sanitation maintenance of systems and equipments with risk of legionelosis Capacitación del personal que realiza las operaciones de mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario de las instalaciones de riesgo frente a Legionella

    OpenAIRE

    Milagros Fernández de Lezeta Sáez de Jáuregui

    2006-01-01

    Training for technicians in charge of maintenance, cleaning and disinfection of the equipment and installations that could be amplify and spread Legionella need to be checked and updated. This revision must to be done keeping with the kind of tasks performed and requested knowledges for technicians.In the following lines there is an analysis about the present training and ANECPLA proposes different levels based on its training experience and skills need by technicians to prevent and control l...

  8. Predictive Health Monitoring for Aircraft Systems using Decision Trees

    OpenAIRE

    Gerdes, Mike

    2014-01-01

    Unscheduled aircraft maintenance causes a lot problems and costs for aircraft operators. This is due to the fact that aircraft cause significant costs if flights have to be delayed or canceled and because spares are not always available at any place and sometimes have to be shipped across the world. Reducing the number of unscheduled maintenance is thus a great costs factor for aircraft operators. This thesis describes three methods for aircraft health monitoring and prediction; one method fo...

  9. Japanese Journal of Paper Technology. `98 Technology Annual (machinery, equipment, engineering, maintenance, laboratory utilities, chemical); Kami pulp gikyo times. 1998 nendo gijutsu manual (kikai shizai yakuhin soran)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-11

    The general survey of the 1998 technology manual on machinery/materials/chemicals was made public. In the part of machinery/materials, the following are included: pulp manufacturing machine/equipment, used paper treatment/stuff preparation machine/equipment, dedusting/cleaning/concentrating equipment, stuff pump/chemicals pump, paper machine and related equipment, paper machine related tools/machinery/materials, finishing machine/handling equipment, processing facility/processing finishing facilities, equipment for secondary processing/paper product making, measuring control/test analysis equipment/facility, utility/environment related equipment/facility, safety equipment/other related equipment/machinery/materials, etc. In the part of chemicals, assistants for cooking/decoloration/used paper treatment, sizing agent, paper strength reinforcing/paper quality improving agents, filler/pigment, dye/color pigment, inorganic/synthetic fiber, work improving agent, antiseptics/antifungal agent, felt cleaner, antiforming agent, freeness/yield improving agents, flocculant, various assistants, utility use chemicals, functionalizer, processing agent, coating/laminate/chemicals for paper product making, etc. 630 figs, 76 tabs.

  10. 一种基于MRP原理的改进设备维护工单计划系统及其应用%An Improved Equipment Maintenance Planning System Based on MRP and its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建胜; 周娟; 涂海宁; 夏芳臣; 熊君星

    2012-01-01

    Specific to lack of executive ability of traditional equipment maintenance worksheet planning,a close loop system with feedback is designed in detail based on the principle of material requirement planning.Taking maintenance worksheet requirement planning as input .through logic calculation, maintenance resource requirement planning is generated automatically.Then by balancing maintenance capacity,he maintenance worksheet execution planning is finally produced.On the basis of the state accumulator rigger,dynamic generation logic of maintenance worksheet requirement planning is analyzed selectively and specific algorithm and sequences are given in detail-Meanwhile the concepts and strategies of maintenance capacity balance are especially explained,Finally,system function design and database design are liscussed in brief and an enterprise application case is provided.%针对传统设备维护工单计划可执行能力的不足,根据物料需求计划原理,设计了基于闭环反馈机制的系统工作原理,将维护工单需求计划作为输入,通过资源需求逻辑计算,自动产生维护资源需求计划,并进行设备维护能力平衡,最终生成可行的维护工单执行计划;重点分析了基于状态累加器触发方式的维护工单需求计划动态生成逻辑,给出了具体的算法步骤,详细介绍了设备维护能力平衡概念及控制策略;最后简要讨论了系统的功能设计、数据库设计,给出了应用案例.

  11. 便携式国产大飞机维修辅助设备的设计与实现%Research and implementation of portable maintenance aids based on China-made large aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包江奇; 黄炜

    2011-01-01

    This paper designed China-made large aircraft portable maintenance aids based on ARM processor. The PMA is designed by the characteristics of S3C2440 and some outer module as hardware platform, using embedded Linux as opoeration system and QT/Embedded as graphical user interface to design the system application software.%设计开发了以ARM处理器为核心的便携式国产大飞机维修辅助设备PMA.设备以Samsung公司的S3C2440及其外围扩展模块为硬件实现平台,采用嵌入式操作系统Linux,在QT/Embedded 图形用户界面基础上完成系统应用软件开发.

  12. Modern electronic maintenance principles

    CERN Document Server

    Garland, DJ

    2013-01-01

    Modern Electronic Maintenance Principles reviews the principles of maintaining modern, complex electronic equipment, with emphasis on preventive and corrective maintenance. Unfamiliar subjects such as the half-split method of fault location, functional diagrams, and fault finding guides are explained. This book consists of 12 chapters and begins by stressing the need for maintenance principles and discussing the problem of complexity as well as the requirements for a maintenance technician. The next chapter deals with the connection between reliability and maintenance and defines the terms fai

  13. 基于偏最小二乘法的装备维修费用估算方法研究%Research on Maintenance Cost of Equipment Based on Partial Least Squares Regression Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘霄; 李海军

    2014-01-01

    Current measurement of price fixing that adopt maintenance cost addition means didn ’t present the real needs of equipment repaired ,a estimation method of equipment maintenance cost based on partial least squares regression methods was put ,every objective factors that affected the maintenance cost were considered comprehensively ,the estimate model of one type of equipment maintenance cost was created ,and the assess-ment method of precision was designed .Partial least squares regression has incomparable advantages in aspects of small samples handling ,more independent variables and multi-share with linear characteristics of variables . The fitting degree of estimation model of equipment maintenance cost was well ,and the variables cumulative explaining ability was strong .The computing result for a case proved that the estimating error was less than 5% .%针对现行的维修成本加成定价方式确定装备维修费用不能准确反映维修费用真实需求的问题,提出了一种基于偏最小二乘法的装备维修费用估算方法,综合考虑影响维修费用的各种客观因素,建立了某类装备维修费用估算模型,设计了精度评定方法。结果表明,偏最小二乘回归方法在处理样本容量小、自变量多、变量间存在严重多重共线性问题等方面具有得天独厚的优势,基于该方法建立的维修费用估算模型拟合度好、变量累计解释能力强,实例计算估算误差在5%以内。

  14. Getting into Motorcycle Maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosher, Lynn

    1978-01-01

    This article tells how to start a high school course in motorcycle maintenance and includes names and addresses of some motorcycle manufacturers and a list of needed tools, equipment, and materials. (MF)

  15. 护航编队医疗装备维修保障的主要问题和思考%Problems and Countermeasures in Medical Equipment Maintenance of Chinese Navy Convoy Fleets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡红波; 方铁

    2012-01-01

    结合历次护航编队医疗装备的检修经验,分析了护航编队医疗装备维修保障面临的使用频率高、强度大、储存条件差、维修力量薄弱等问题,提出了构建高效全面的预先保障、强化编队自我保障能力、有效依托后方保障力量等对策和措施,建立起一体化的护航编队医疗装备维修保障体系.%The problems of medical equipment maintenance of navy convoy fleets are analyzed based on the experience, such as high utilization frequency and strength, poor storage condition and maintenance force. The counter-measures are put forward accordingly, including the establishment of pre support, self support, base support and integrated medical equipment maintenance system of convoy fleets.

  16. 改进的细菌觅食算法在航空装备维修任务调度优化中的应用%Improved Bacteria Foraging Optimization Algorithm and its Application in Aviation Equipment Scheduled Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔嘉; 杨林; 胡卫民

    2011-01-01

    Taking an aviation equipment repair factory as the background are improved BFO algorithm was used to the job-shop problem the virtual reality optimal scheduling system was designed and implemented.which will realize optimal scheduling of the maintenance process The system had good application value and could improve the efficiency and command automation lcvel of the aviation equipment maintenance and improve the utilization oF resources, readuce the cost of maintenance support.%以海军航空装备定检维修工作为原型,将一种新兴的仿生全局随机搜索算法--细菌觅食优化算法应用到该类任务调度问题的解决中,对算法进行了改进,增强了全局寻优能力,并将其应用于工程实践,对维修任务工序进行优化调度.对于提高航空装备维修工作效率和指挥自动化水平,提高资源利用率,降低保障维修费用,有较好的应用价值.

  17. 14 CFR 135.173 - Airborne thunderstorm detection equipment requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airborne thunderstorm detection equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.173 Airborne thunderstorm detection equipment requirements. (a) No person may... the aircraft is equipped with either approved thunderstorm detection equipment or approved...

  18. 基于大数据的舰船装备维修保障信息分析系统设计%Design of Ship Equipment Maintenance Information Analysis System Based on Big Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟; 金国庆

    2016-01-01

    To meet requirements of the information collection ,storage ,analysis and application of the ship equipment maintenance ,the design of analysis system for ship equipment maintenance information based on big data is proposed .The scheme includes four aspects ,including system design ,system structure design ,system function design and system database design .System uses Hadoop cluster component storage ,calculation and analysis of massive amounts of data in the bottom . at the top by interfaces it directly calls the underlying storage and computing power .So functions of data management ,data query ,data analysis and processing for the massive ship equipment maintenance information can be realized .%针对舰船装备维修保障信息采集、存储、分析与应用的需求,提出了基于大数据处理技术的舰船装备维修保障信息分析系统的设计方案。方案中包括系统总体设计、系统结构设计、系统功能设计和系统数据库设计四个方面。系统在底层使用 Hadoop 集群组件存储、计算和分析海量数据信息,在高层通过接口直接透明的调用底层存储与计算能力,从而实现系统对海量舰船装备维修保障信息的基础数据管理、数据统计查询和数据分析处理的功能。

  19. The significance of reactive power compensation equipment in substation and the analysis of operation and maintenance strategy%变电站无功补偿设备增效意义及运维策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪日东; 苏业超; 郭士昌

    2016-01-01

    This paper mainly introduces the importance and necessity of reactive power compensation device in power grid operation,and expounds the necessary strategies and measures to strengthen the operation and maintenance of reactive power compensation equipment.%该文主要介绍了无功补偿装置在电网运行中的重要性与必要性,阐述了强化无功补偿设备运行维护需要执行的必要策略和措施。

  20. 变电站无功补偿设备增效意义及运维策略分析%The significance of reactive power compensation equipment in substation and the analysis of operation and maintenance strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪日东; 苏业超; 郭士昌

    2016-01-01

    This paper mainly introduces the importance and necessity of reactive power compensation device in power grid operation,and expounds the necessary strategies and measures to strengthen the operation and maintenance of reactive power compensation equipment.%该文主要介绍了无功补偿装置在电网运行中的重要性与必要性,阐述了强化无功补偿设备运行维护需要执行的必要策略和措施。

  1. 14 CFR 91.1433 - CAMP: Maintenance and preventive maintenance training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... maintenance training program. Each program manager who maintains program aircraft under a CAMP or a person performing maintenance or preventive maintenance functions for it must have a training program to ensure that... maintenance training program. 91.1433 Section 91.1433 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION...

  2. Aircraft Data Acquisition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena BALMUS

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of digital systems instead of analog ones has created a major separation in the aviation technology. Although the digital equipment made possible that the increasingly faster controllers take over, we should say that the real world remains essentially analogue [4]. Fly-by-wire designers attempting to control and measure the real feedback of an aircraft were forced to find a way to connect the analogue environment to their digital equipment. In order to manage the implications of this division in aviation, data optimization and comparison has been quite an important task. The interest in using data acquisition boards is being driven by the technology and design standards in the new generation of aircraft and the ongoing efforts of reducing weight and, in some cases addressing the safety risks. This paper presents a sum of technical report data from post processing and diversification of data acquisition from Arinc 429 interface on a research aircraft platform. Arinc 429 is by far the most common data bus in use on civil transport aircraft, regional jets and executive business jets today. Since its introduction on the Boeing 757/767 and Airbus aircraft in the early 1980s hardly any aircraft has been produced without the use of this data bus. It was used widely by the air transport indu

  3. Study on the Maintenance Process and Supervision Points of Equipment Software%对某装备软件的一种维护流程及监督要点的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘栋; 袁志树; 高凌云; 杨宝华; 孟庆鑫

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes and researches on the advantages and disadvantages of some equipment problems and new software demands in software maintenance process. Based on the theory of“a process of output is another process of input" in 9001B-2009 "quality management system requirements", it presents a software maintenance process and supervision mode, and gives reasonable process of the input, implementation and output of software maintenance, and timely proposes supervision points of customers, which can effectively regulate the software maintenance process and improve the quality of software maintenance.%本文通过对某装备问题软件类和新需求软件类在维护过程依据的优缺点进行分析研究,并基于9001B-2009《质量管理体系要求》中的“一个过程的输出就是另一个过程的输入”这个理论,提出了一种软件维护流程及监督模式,在此基础上对软件维护的输入、实施和输出贯彻三个过程进行合理的流程化,并适时提出顾客的监督要点,可有效规范软件维护流程,提高软件维护质量。

  4. Research and Development of Medical Equipment Maintenance and Management System in Medical Engineering Department%医学工程部医疗设备维修管理系统的研究与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李政; 寇向东; 余日辛; 程肃

    2013-01-01

    Objective To design and develop a medical equipment maintenance and management system (MEMMS)which is available to medical engineering department in modern hospitals. Methods The MERMS which mainly includes login module, maintenance information query module, maintenance information input module, devices maintenance information and image database module, is developed by the genuine software Delphi 7.0, Window7 operating system and Access2003 database. Results The MEMMS is convenient and flexible to operate. Compared with traditional management model, it only takes 0.5~1min to input the maintenance information. Conclusion The MEMMS overcomes inconvenience of traditional paper archives, improves the information management of medical devices in hospitals.%目的 设计并开发一套适合现代化医院医学工程部的设备维修管理系统(MEMMS).方法 应用正版编程软件Delphi7.0,基于Windows7操作系统和Access2003数据库开发MEMMS.系统主要有登陆模块、维修信息查询模块、维修信息输入模块、设备维修信息和设备图像数据库模块.结果 MEMMS操作方便、灵活,测试结果与传统管理模式对比,完成单例维修信息的录入时间仅为0.5 min.结论 MEMMS克服了传统纸质档案保存不方便等困难,为完善医院医疗设备信息化管理有一定促进作用.

  5. Improving industrial maintenance contract relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Jong, A. de

    2010-01-01

    Unavailability of technical systems, such as aircraft, is expensive. Technical systems require maintenance to prevent and to remedy defects that cause unavailability. Users of technical systems usually bear the consequences of the risk of unavailability, in particular the loss of productivity. This is based on the presumption that users are best able to insure the risks, although maintenance organisations may be more capable to mitigate the risks. The risks are seldom allocated to maintenance...

  6. Aviation Maintenance Technology. Course Content Guides. FAA Approved Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrawder, Jack; And Others

    Course content guides are provided for the 30 courses in this aviation maintenance technology curriculum approved by the Federal Aviation Administration. Course titles are physics for technicians; aircraft information, regulations, and procedures; aircraft assembly; fundamentals of aircraft electronics; aircraft electrical components; aircraft…

  7. 47 CFR 32.2113 - Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Aircraft. 32.2113 Section 32.2113... FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES Instructions for Balance Sheet Accounts § 32.2113 Aircraft. This account shall include the original cost of aircraft and any associated equipment and furnishings...

  8. How to Maintenance Explosion Proof Electrical Equipment in Oil Storage%如何检修油库防爆电气设备

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐永生; 杨艺

    2001-01-01

    Quite a lot problems have been met in overhauling the explosion proof electrical equipment in oil storage. Basing on the practical experience, the author analyses specifically overhaul process to explosion proof electrical equipment in oil storage and sums up the problems appeared in overhaul.%本文从实际经验出发,对油库防爆电气设备的检修做了具体的分析,并总结了检修油库电气设备时应注意的问题。

  9. Aircraft electromagnetic compatibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Clifton A.; Larsen, William E.

    1987-01-01

    Illustrated are aircraft architecture, electromagnetic interference environments, electromagnetic compatibility protection techniques, program specifications, tasks, and verification and validation procedures. The environment of 400 Hz power, electrical transients, and radio frequency fields are portrayed and related to thresholds of avionics electronics. Five layers of protection for avionics are defined. Recognition is given to some present day electromagnetic compatibility weaknesses and issues which serve to reemphasize the importance of EMC verification of equipment and parts, and their ultimate EMC validation on the aircraft. Proven standards of grounding, bonding, shielding, wiring, and packaging are laid out to help provide a foundation for a comprehensive approach to successful future aircraft design and an understanding of cost effective EMC in an aircraft setting.

  10. Evaluasi Jadwal Perawatan Mesin dengan Pendekatan Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) untuk Melakukan Perbaikan Perawatan dengan Metode Risk Based Maintenance pada PT. Gold Coin Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Siahaan, Fitri Matilda

    2016-01-01

    PT. Gold Coin Indonesia merupakan perusahaan yang bergerak dalam produksi pakan ternak. PT. Gold Coin memiliki strategi desain proses manufacturing secara batch line flow, dimana produk mengalir mengikuti langkah-langkah sekuensial dalam proses produksi. Kegagalan atau kerusakan pada mesin dapat mengakibatkan delay, bahkan stagnasi pada proses produksi. Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) merupakan merupakan ukuran yang menyeluruh yang mengindikasikan tingkat efektivitas mesin dan kinerj...

  11. Total Productive Maintenance at Paccar INC

    OpenAIRE

    Ştefan Farkas

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports the application of total productive maintenance method at Paccar Inc. truck’s plant in Victoria, Australia. The total productive maintenance method and total productive maintenance house are presented. The global equipment effectiveness is computed and exemplified. The production structure and organising maintenance are presented. Resultas of the variation of global equipment effectiveness and autonomous maintenance in a two weeks period of time are reported.

  12. Total Productive Maintenance at Paccar INC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ştefan Farkas

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the application of total productive maintenance method at Paccar Inc. truck’s plant in Victoria, Australia. The total productive maintenance method and total productive maintenance house are presented. The global equipment effectiveness is computed and exemplified. The production structure and organising maintenance are presented. Resultas of the variation of global equipment effectiveness and autonomous maintenance in a two weeks period of time are reported.

  13. 14 CFR 91.1111 - Maintenance training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Operations Program Management § 91.1111 Maintenance training. The program manager must ensure that all employees who are responsible for maintenance related to program aircraft undergo appropriate initial and... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Maintenance training. 91.1111 Section...

  14. EMP simulation for equipment testing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A bounded wave simulator is described with which digital aircraft electronics is irradiated. Irradiation findings suggest that 'operative' equipment is more sensitive to EMP. Signs of EMP influence are functional disturbances, including failure of certain sublunits. (HP)

  15. Talking about the Operation of the Substation Reactive Power Compensation Equipment Maintenance%浅谈变电站无功补偿设备的运行维护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢浩南

    2014-01-01

    When the power system reactive power supply failed to meet demand, substation equipment would be difficult to make reactive power are protected, making it difficult to provide their own work when necessary electromagnetic field, and ultimately, substation equipment can’t continue to work in accordance with the rated conditions, lead to failure. Based on this, the main concept of the reactive power compensation as set forth perspective substation proposed substation reactive power compensation equipment operation and maintenance strategies for the industry reference.%当电力系统无功功率未能满足供应需求时,变电设备就难以使无功功率得到保障,从而难以提供自身正常工作时必要的电磁场,最终,变电设备不能按照额定条件继续工作,引发故障问题。基于此,主要将变电站无功补偿概念作为阐述视角,提出变电站无功补偿设备的运维策略,以供业界人士参考。

  16. 浅谈变电站无功补偿设备的运行维护%Talking about the Operation of the Substation Reactive Power Compensation Equipment Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢浩南

    2014-01-01

    When the power system reactive power supply failed to meet demand, substation equipment would be difficult to make reactive power are protected, making it difficult to provide their own work when necessary electromagnetic field, and ultimately, substation equipment can’t continue to work in accordance with the rated conditions, lead to failure. Based on this, the main concept of the reactive power compensation as set forth perspective substation proposed substation reactive power compensation equipment operation and maintenance strategies for the industry reference.%当电力系统无功功率未能满足供应需求时,变电设备就难以使无功功率得到保障,从而难以提供自身正常工作时必要的电磁场,最终,变电设备不能按照额定条件继续工作,引发故障问题。基于此,主要将变电站无功补偿概念作为阐述视角,提出变电站无功补偿设备的运维策略,以供业界人士参考。

  17. 14 CFR 135.157 - Oxygen equipment requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Oxygen equipment requirements. 135.157... Equipment § 135.157 Oxygen equipment requirements. (a) Unpressurized aircraft. No person may operate an unpressurized aircraft at altitudes prescribed in this section unless it is equipped with enough...

  18. Exploration on the Method of Improving the Teaching Quality of Equipment Electrical Control and Maintenance%提高《设备电气控制与维修》教学质量的方法探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙长永

    2013-01-01

      针对未来学生的就业形势,对于掌握电气控制方面的技术和知识是非常重要的。尤其是对于机电类专业的学生,可以学以致用。学生具备电气控制与维修的基本知识和基本技能,初步形成解决实际问题的能力,逐步培养学生的职业技能,提高全面素质,增强适应职业变化的能力。所以《设备电气控制与维修》是一门实践性很强的学科。%  Based on the employment situation for prospective students, it is very important to master the skills and knowledge of electrical control, especially for students of mechanical and electrical major, it can help them apply what they have learned. If students has basic knowledge and basic skills for electrical control and maintenance, they can initially form the ability to solve practical problems, gradually develop professional skills, improve overall quality, and enhance the ability to adapt to job changes. Equipment Electrical Control and Maintenance is a very practical subject.

  19. Practical Voice Recognition for the Aircraft Cockpit Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This proposal responds to the urgent need for improved pilot interfaces in the modern aircraft cockpit. Recent advances in aircraft equipment bring tremendous...

  20. 7 CFR 1767.27 - Operation and maintenance expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 569Maintenance of Structures 569.1Maintenance of Computer Hardware 569.2Maintenance of Computer Software 569....3Maintenance of Computer Software 576.4Maintenance of Communication Equipment 576.5Maintenance of Miscellaneous.... Research, development, and demonstration expenses. 507Rents This account shall include all rents...

  1. 46 CFR 185.702 - Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance. 185.702 Section 185.702 Shipping COAST...) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.702 Maintenance. (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats,...

  2. 46 CFR 122.702 - Maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance. 122.702 Section 122.702 Shipping COAST..., Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.702 Maintenance. (a) The manufacturer's instructions for onboard maintenance of survival craft, rescue boats, and launching appliances, manufactured on...

  3. Concept of a programmable maintenance processor applicable to multiprocessing systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glover, Richard D.

    1988-01-01

    A programmable maintenance processor concept applicable to multiprocessing systems has been developed at the NASA Ames Research Center's Dryden Flight Research Facility. This stand-alone-processor is intended to provide support for system and application software testing as well as hardware diagnostics. An initial machanization has been incorporated into the extended aircraft interrogation and display system (XAIDS) which is multiprocessing general-purpose ground support equipment. The XAIDS maintenance processor has independent terminal and printer interfaces and a dedicated magnetic bubble memory that stores system test sequences entered from the terminal. This report describes the hardware and software embodied in this processor and shows a typical application in the check-out of a new XAIDS.

  4. TCMS operations and maintenance philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buehler, David P.; Griffin, Rock E.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose is to describe the basic philosophies of operating and maintaining the Test, Control, and Monitor System (TCMS) equipment. TCMS is a complex and sophisticated checkout system. Operations and maintenance processes developed to support it will be based upon current experience, but will be focused on the specific needs of TCMS in support of Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP) and related activities. An overview of the operations and maintenance goals and philosophies are presented. The assumptions, roles and responsibilities, concepts and interfaces for operation, on-line maintenance, off-line support, and Operations and Maintenance (O&M) personnel training on all TCMS equipment located at KSC are described.

  5. 民航机务维修人员工作压力源量表的初步编制%The Development of the Work Stress Sources Scale for the Aircraft Maintenance Engineer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭鑫; 梁鑫磊

    2012-01-01

    目的 编制适合民航机务维修人员职业特点的工作压力源量表.方法 在文献研究和访谈的基础上,用探索性因素分析的方法确定因子结构并筛选条,得到一个包含30个项目、5个维度(工作负荷,职业发展,工作环境,人际关系,组织管理)的量表;并计算总量表和各分量表的Cronbach α系数.结果 各量表的Cronbach α系数分别为:总量表0.902,工作负荷0.872,职业发展0.883,工作环境0.745,人际关系0.723,组织管理0.784.根据检验,该量表的信度和效度的各项指标达到了心理测量学的要求.结论 该量表可以用于机务雏修人员的工作压力源测量以及相关的研究.%Objective To develop a work stress sources scale for the civil aviation maintenance engineer. Methods To identify the structure of the scale and screened the items by exploratory factor analysis;and we got a 30梚tem scale with 5 factors: working load,career development < working environment, interpersonal relationship and organization management. And we calculated the Cronbach's a coefficients. Results Cronbach's a coefficients were 0. 902(full scale),0. 872(working load),0. 883(career development),0. 745(working environment),0. 723(interpersonal relation),0. 784(organization management). The reliability and validity of the scale reached the psychometric requirements. Conclusion The scale can measure the work stress sources of the aircraft maintenance engineer and can be used for related research.

  6. Mobile network maintenance (GSM)

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    Maintenance work will be carried out on the CERN mobile network infrastructure (GSM) on the 23 and 24 July from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. in order to replace discontinued equipment and to increase the bandwidth capacity of the GSM mobile network. All CERN GSM emitters (40 units) will be moved one by one to the new infrastructure during the maintenance. The call of a user connected to an emitter at the time of its maintenance will be cut off. However, the general overlapping of the GSM radio coverage should mean that users are able immediately to call again should their call be interrupted. IT/CS/CS

  7. Aircraft optical cable plant: the physical layer for fly-by-light control networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Thomas L.

    1996-10-01

    A program was completed with joint industry and government funding to apply fiber optic technologies to aircraft. The technology offers many potential benefits. Among them are increased electromagnetic interference immunity and the possibility of reduced weight, increased reliability, and enlarged capability by redesigning architectures to use the large bandwidth of fiber optics. Those benefits can be realized if fiber optics meets the unique requirements of aircraft networks. Many independent efforts have been made in the development of the systems, known as cable plants, to link opto-electronic components. The FLASH program built on that work. Over the last two years, FLASH expanded on the cable plant efforts by building components based on a cohesive aircraft plant system concept. The concept was rooted in not just optical performance, but also cost, manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and support. To do that, the FLASH team evaluated requirements, delineated environmental and use conditions, designed, built, and tested components, such as cables, connectors, splices and backplanes for transport aircraft, tactical aircraft, and helicopters. In addition, the FLASH team developed installation and test methods, and support equipment for aircraft optical cable plants. The results of that design, development, and test effort are reported here.

  8. Research on selection of preventive maintenance training tasks for medical equipments%医疗设备预防性维护培训科目的选择研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏建新; 张叙天; 张强; 刘胜林

    2015-01-01

    This paper studied the selection of training tasks of medical equipment preventive maintenance,to provide theoretical basis for standardized training design.Eight tasks of medical equipment PM process were quantitatively analyzed in multi factors based on the AHp and MFM,and the CDF decision trees model was compared with the selection standard.The studied identified the selection standards and criteria of the tasks,as well as reliable theoretical references for building the standardized training system.%对医疗设备预防性维护的培训科目进行选择研究,对设计规范化教学培训系统提供理论依据.运用多因素模型(MFM)和层次分析法(AHP)构建选择方法,对8项医疗设备预防性维护的培训科目的选择进行多因素定量分析,并结合CDF决策树定性模型对选择标准进行对照.研究得出了培训科目的选择方法与标准,对规范化培训系统的构建提供可靠的理论依据.

  9. 21 CFR 606.60 - Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Equipment. 606.60 Section 606.60 Food and Drugs... GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR BLOOD AND BLOOD COMPONENTS Equipment § 606.60 Equipment. (a) Equipment... maintenance. The equipment shall be observed, standardized and calibrated on a regularly scheduled basis...

  10. 21 CFR 226.30 - Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Equipment. 226.30 Section 226.30 Food and Drugs... Facilities and Equipment § 226.30 Equipment. Equipment used for the manufacture, processing, packaging, bulk... facilitate maintenance and operation for its intended purpose. The equipment shall: (a) Be so...

  11. Amphibious Aircraft

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A brief self composed research article on Amphibious Aircrafts discussing their use, origin and modern day applications along with their advantages and...

  12. Aircraft Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Albion H. (Inventor); Uden, Edward (Inventor)

    2016-01-01

    The present invention is an aircraft wing design that creates a bell shaped span load, which results in a negative induced drag (induced thrust) on the outer portion of the wing; such a design obviates the need for rudder control of an aircraft.

  13. Aircraft Noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michel, Ulf; Dobrzynski, Werner; Splettstoesser, Wolf; Delfs, Jan; Isermann, Ullrich; Obermeier, Frank

    Aircraft industry is exposed to increasing public pressure aiming at a continuing reduction of aircraft noise levels. This is necessary to both compensate for the detrimental effect on noise of the expected increase in air traffic and improve the quality of living in residential areas around airports.

  14. Improved portable lighting for visual aircraft inspection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shagam, R.N. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Lerner, J.; Shie, R. [Physical Optics Corp., Torrance, CA (United States)

    1995-04-01

    The most common tool used by aircraft inspectors is the personal flashlight. While it is compact and very portable, it is generally typified by poor beam quality which can interfere with the ability for an inspector to detect small defects and anomalies, such as cracks and corrosion sites, which may be indicators of major structural problems. A Light Shaping Diffuser{trademark} (LSD) installed in a stock flashlight as a replacement to the lens can improve the uniformity of an average flashlight and improve the quality of the inspection. Field trials at aircraft maintenance facilities have demonstrated general acceptance of the LSD by aircraft inspection and maintenance personnel.

  15. Improved portable lighting for visual aircraft inspection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shagam, Richard N.; Lerner, Jeremy M.; Shie, Rick

    1995-07-01

    The most common tool used by aircraft inspectors is the personal flashlight. While it is compact and very portable, it is generally typified by poor beam quality which can interfere with the ability for an inspector to detect small defects and anomalies, such as cracks and corrosion sites, which may be indicators of major structural problems. A Light Shaping Diffuser TM (LSD) installed in a stock flashlight as a replacement to the lens can improve the uniformity of an average flashlight and improve the quality of the inspection. Field trials at aircraft maintenance facilities have demonstrated general acceptance of the LSD by aircraft inspection and maintenance personnel.

  16. Deployment maintenance strategy for the development of maintenance personnel in Irish and Malaysian automated manufacturing industries

    OpenAIRE

    Othman, Jamel

    2006-01-01

    In order to ensure that a manufacturing company is able to achieve the optimum productivity and equipment reliability, an effective maintenance system must be implemented. However it is very important to realize that the maintenance employee involvement is a critical factor in the maintenance implementation stage. An effective maintenance requires an understanding of the link between the maintenance and maintenance employee involvement. As such, there is a need for empirical research on the d...

  17. Aircraft maintenance tecnicians certificating procedure in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Özen, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    The air transportation rules are strictly edited worldwide, as in Europe and in Turkey. Turkey has participated several international organizations; such as International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA), and so on. All of these memberships force Turkey to prepare national aviation legislation as convenient as international rules. These international rules can be updated so they must be followed and if it ...

  18. The Method of Mission Oriented Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    In a real application, equipment in good condition sometimes have to be repairedbecause the equipment does not satisfy the requirements of the mission; However, it is notnecessary to repair some equipment with failures because the failures do not affect the mission completion. In these cases, maintenance activity guided by present maintenance methodsmay sometimes affect the mission completion in time or bring about extra maintenance. To overcome the shortage of present maintenance methods, we propose an idea and method of missionoriented maintenance (MOM) to deal with the maintenance policy on these kinds of problems. This method can work out different maintenance policies corresponding to differentmissions with full consideration of missions and mission requirements for the equipment.

  19. Electrical Ground Support Equipment Fabrication, Specification for

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denson, Erik C.

    2014-01-01

    This document specifies parts, materials, and processes used in the fabrication, maintenance, repair, and procurement of electrical and electronic control and monitoring equipment associated with ground support equipment (GSE) at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

  20. Structural integrity in aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardrath, H. F.

    1973-01-01

    The paper reviews briefly the current design philosophies for achieving long, efficient, and reliable service in aircraft structures. The strengths and weaknesses of these design philosophies and their demonstrated records of success are discussed. The state of the art has not been developed to the point where designing can be done without major test inspection and maintenance programs. A broad program of research is proposed through which a viable computerized design scheme will be provided during the next decade. The program will organize and correlate existing knowledge on fatigue and fracture behavior, identify gaps in this knowledge, and guide specific research to upgrade design capabilities.

  1. Professional training for hygienic and sanitation maintenance of systems and equipments with risk of legionelosis Capacitación del personal que realiza las operaciones de mantenimiento higiénico-sanitario de las instalaciones de riesgo frente a Legionella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros Fernández de Lezeta Sáez de Jáuregui

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Training for technicians in charge of maintenance, cleaning and disinfection of the equipment and installations that could be amplify and spread Legionella need to be checked and updated. This revision must to be done keeping with the kind of tasks performed and requested knowledges for technicians.In the following lines there is an analysis about the present training and ANECPLA proposes different levels based on its training experience and skills need by technicians to prevent and control legionnaires’ disease.La formación del personal técnico dedicado a las tareas de mantenimiento, limpieza y desinfección de equipos e instalaciones de riesgo frente a Legionella requiere una revisión y actualización que debe ser realizada teniendo en cuenta el tipo de tareas desempeñadas y conocimientos exigidos para su desarrollo.En este artículo se hace un análisis sobre la formación actual y se proponen diferentes niveles de capacitación en base a los criterios y experiencia que ANECPLA posee en materia de formación y conocimiento de las habilidades que se tienen que desarrollar en el trabajo de prevención y control de legionelosis.

  2. Aircraft Carriers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nødskov, Kim; Kværnø, Ole

    the majority of its foreign trade, as well as its oil imports, upon which the country is totally dependent. China therefore has good reasons for acquiring an aircraft carrier to enable it to protect its national interests. An aircraft carrier would also be a prominent symbol of China’s future status...... information is pieced together, then a picture is created of a Chinese aircraft carrier program, where Varyag will be made operational for training purposes. With this as the model, China will build a similar sized carrier themselves. If this project does become a reality, then it will take many years for...... Kuznetsov carrier. The SU-33 is, in its modernized version, technologically at the same level as western combat aircraft in both the offensive as well as the defensive roles. But Russia and China currently have an arms trade 6 dispute that is likely to prevent a deal, unless the dispute is resolved. As an...

  3. Remote handling maintenance of ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The remote maintenance strategy and the associated component design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) have reached a high degree of completeness, especially with respect to those components that are expected to require frequent or occasional remote maintenance. Large-scale test stands, to demonstrate the principle feasibility of the remote maintenance procedures and to develop the required equipment and tools, were operational at the end of the Engineering Design Activities (EDA) phase. The initial results are highly encouraging: major remote equipment deployment and component replacement operations have been successfully demonstrated. (author)

  4. Remote handling maintenance of ITER

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The remote maintenance strategy and the associated component design of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) have reached a high degree of completeness, especially with respect to those components that are expected to require frequent or occasional remote maintenance. Large scale test stands, to demonstrate the feasibility in principle of the remote maintenance procedures and to develop the required equipment and tools, were operational at the end of the Engineering Design Activities phase. The initial results are highly encouraging: major remote equipment deployment and component replacement operations have been successfully demonstrated. (author)

  5. Proceedings of the fourth international conference on CANDU maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These proceedings record the information presented at the 4th International Conference on CANDU Maintenance held November 16-18,1997 in Toronto, Canada. The papers for these proceedings were prepared on component maintenance, human performance, steam generator leak detection, fuel channel inspections, rotating equipment maintenance, surveillance programs, inspection techniques, valve maintenance, steam generator repairs and performance, reactor aging management and preventative maintenance

  6. Proceedings of the fourth international conference on CANDU maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    These proceedings record the information presented at the 4th International Conference on CANDU Maintenance held November 16-18,1997 in Toronto, Canada. The papers for these proceedings were prepared on component maintenance, human performance, steam generator leak detection, fuel channel inspections, rotating equipment maintenance, surveillance programs, inspection techniques, valve maintenance, steam generator repairs and performance, reactor aging management and preventative maintenance.

  7. Soviet equipment flies in

    CERN Multimedia

    1978-01-01

    End of February 1977 a Soviet Ilyushin-76 heavy freight aircraft landed at Cointrin airport having on board fifty large wire proprtional chambers and associated apparatus, together weighing 10 tons, supplied by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, USSR. The equipment was for the CERN- Dubna-Munich-Saclay experiment NA4 on deep inelastic muon scattering being set up in the North Area of SPS. See Weekly Bulletin 11/78.

  8. Reliability centred maintenance - an overview in Indian PHWR context

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Over the last few decades, attitude and approach to maintenance has changed very rapidly together with new maintenance techniques, growing awareness of effect of equipment failure on safety and environment and increasing pressure to achieve high plant availability and to contain cost. Broadly, the approach and technique for maintenance are categorized in four groups viz. reactive maintenance, preventive maintenance, predictive maintenance and finally, the latest concept of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM). While the reactive maintenance is basically 'run it till it breaks' mode is an old concept for maintenance. In preventive maintenance either a time based schedule or a schedule based on that of machine run time. The goal here is to minimize system and component degradation and thus, sustain or extend the useful life of the equipment. A predictive maintenance approach strives to detect the onset of equipment degradation and differs from preventive by basing maintenance needs on the actual condition of equipment rather than some predetermined schedule. Finally, the Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) is the maintenance approach used when following a process that assesses equipment condition and determines the maintenance requirement in operating context. This paper brings out a case study of Reliability Centred Maintenance Technique carried out for Indian PHWR highlighting various aspects of RCM and application of the same. Though this technique of maintenance is not strictly followed presently. This can improve maintenance approach in future. (author)

  9. Distributed Maintenance Error Information, Investigation and Intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Zolla, George; Boex, Tony; Flanders, Pat; Nelson, Doug; Tufts, Scott; Schmidt, John K.

    2001-01-01

    This paper describes a safety information management system designed to capture maintenance factors that contribute to aircraft mishaps. The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System-Maintenance Extension taxonomy (HFACS-ME), an effective framework for classifying and analyzing the presence of maintenance errors that lead to mishaps, incidents, and personal injuries, is the theoretical foundation. An existing desktop mishap application is updated, a prototype we...

  10. Renewal of radiological equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    In this century, medical imaging is at the heart of medical practice. Besides providing fast and accurate diagnosis, advances in radiology equipment offer new and previously non-existing options for treatment guidance with quite low morbidity, resulting in the improvement of health outcomes and quality of life for the patients. Although rapid technological development created new medical imaging modalities and methods, the same progress speed resulted in accelerated technical and functional obsolescence of the same medical imaging equipment, consequently creating a need for renewal. Older equipment has a high risk of failures and breakdowns, which might cause delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient, and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff. The European Society of Radiology is promoting the use of up-to-date equipment, especially in the context of the EuroSafe Imaging Campaign, as the use of up-to-date equipment will improve quality and safety in medical imaging. Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or renewal. This plan should look forward a minimum of 5 years, with annual updates. Teaching points • Radiological equipment has a definite life cycle span, resulting in unavoidable breakdown and decrease or loss of image quality which renders equipment useless after a certain time period.• Equipment older than 10 years is no longer state-of-the art equipment and replacement is essential. Operating costs of older equipment will be high when compared with new equipment, and sometimes maintenance will be impossible if no spare parts are available.• Older equipment has a high risk of failure and breakdown, causing delays in diagnosis and treatment of the patient and safety problems both for the patient and the medical staff.• Every healthcare institution or authority should have a plan for medical imaging equipment upgrade or replacement. This plan should look forward a

  11. Maintenance and Fabrication of Nuclear Electronic Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chung, Chong Eun; Koo, In Soo; Hong, Seok Boong; Hwang, In Koo; Lee, Sang Suk; Lee, Min Woo; Kim, Soo Hee; Kim, Min Seok; Choi, Wha Lim; Min, Byung Joo

    2008-12-15

    Based on the development of Hanaro RMS software in 2007, the CNLB(Cold Neutron Laboratory Building) RMS software has been developed. And also a portal monitor for the CNLB has been developed and fabricated. Through the development of the portal monitor, techniques such as fabricating radiation detectors(proportional counter tube) have been acquired. These techniques can be used to develop the other radiation detectors such as sealed proportional counters and GM counter tubes etc. We have made a current pulser to analyze a serious accident in NPP.

  12. Composite components on commercial aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dexter, H. B.

    1980-01-01

    The paper considers the use of composite components in commercial aircraft. NASA has been active in sponsoring flight service programs with advanced composites for the last 10 years, with 2.5 million total composite component hours accumulated since 1970 on commercial transports and helicopters with no significant degradation in residual strength of composite components. Design, inspection, and maintenance procedures have been developed; a major NASA/US industry technology program has been developed to reduce fuel consumption of commercial transport aircraft through the use of advanced composites.

  13. 47 CFR 87.69 - Maintenance tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintenance tests. 87.69 Section 87.69... Operating Requirements and Procedures Operating Requirements § 87.69 Maintenance tests. The licensee may make routine maintenance tests on equipment other than emergency locator transmitters if there is...

  14. Sensitivity analysis and parameters optimization for equipment maintenance support simulation system%装备维修保障仿真系统灵敏度分析与参数优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨英杰; 于永利; 张柳; 张伟

    2016-01-01

    针对装备维修保障仿真系统的灵敏度分析与参数优化问题,提出了基于仿真实验手段的应用研究框架。在分析装备维修保障仿真系统建模方法的基础上,提出了基于仿真实体的输入参数确定方法;从战备完好、任务成功以及维修保障系统级等多角度分析明确了输出评价参数;研究了基于分支定界法的关键输入参数筛选方法和基于正交表的输入参数抽样实验设计方法;研究了基于极差分析和方差分析的灵敏度分析方法原理,并提出了一种基于方差分析的输入参数优化方法。最后利用开发的灵敏度分析工具进行了算例验证,表明所提方法具有很好的工程实用价值。%Aim at the problem of sensitivity analysis and parameters optimization for equipment maintenance support simulation system,the application research framework based on the simulation experimental means is proposed.In analyzing the simulation system modeling method basis,the obtaining method of the input parame-ters based on simulation entity is proposed.At the same time,the simulation output parameters is determined considering the operational readiness,sustainability and maintenance support system level.The key inputs screening method based on sequential bifurcation,and the sampling experimental design method of the inputs based on the orthogonal array are studied.The sensitivity analysis principle based on the range analysis and va-riance analysis is researched.On the basis of variance analysis,a new method of input parameters optimization is proposed.Finally,the software tool developed for sensitivity analysis is used to do an practical example.The result shows that the methods proposed above are of good engineering value.

  15. Altus aircraft on runway

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    The remotely piloted Altus aircraft flew several developmental test flights from Rogers Dry Lake adjacent to NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, Calif., in 1996. The Altus--the word is Latin for 'high'--is a variant of the Predator surveillance drone built by General Atomics/Aeronautical Systems, Inc. It is designed for high-altitude, long-duration scientific sampling missions, and is powered by a turbocharged four-cylinder piston engine. The first Altus was developed under NASA's Environmental Research Aircraft and Sensor Technology program, while a second Altus was built for a Naval Postgraduate School/Department of Energy program. A pilot in a control station on the ground flew the craft by radio signals, using visual cues from a video camera in the nose of the Altus and information from the craft's air data system. Equipped with a single-stage turbocharger during the 1996 test flights, the first Altus reached altitudes in the 37,000-foot range, while the similarly-equipped second Altus reached 43,500 feet during developmental flights at Dryden in the summer of 1997. The NASA Altus also set an endurance record of more than 26 hours while flying a science mission in late 1996 and still had an estimated 10 hours of fuel remaining when it landed. Now equipped with a two-stage turbocharger, the NASA Altus maintained an altitude of 55,000 feet for four hours during flight tests in 1999.

  16. 76 FR 67346 - Airworthiness Directives; Cessna Aircraft Company Airplanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    ... equipped with a lithium-ion battery as the main aircraft battery. We are issuing this AD to correct the... 525C airplane equipped with a lithium-ion battery, Cessna P/N 9914788-1, as the main aircraft battery... through 0052, that: (1) Have a lithium-ion battery, Cessna part number (P/N) 9914788-1, installed......

  17. Evaluation of Equipment System Availability for Multi-echelon Maintenance Supply with Cannibalization%串件拼修对策下多级维修供应的装备系统可用度评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阮旻智; 李庆民; 彭英武; 黄傲林; 王慎

    2012-01-01

    Cannibalization policy is an effective approach to improve support effectiveness. Under the current support condition, it can make equipment availability reach the upper limit. This paper establfshs respectively availability models of a non-cannibalization system, a cannibalization system and a partial cannibalization system under the mode of multi-echelon maintenance supply In accordance with the characteristics of cannibalization combined with multi-echelon technique for recoverable item controK METRIC) theory. The analysis flow and method of support effectiveness are studied. In a given example, The initial spare parts inventory project is obtained under which the equipment availability is analyzed with different cannibalization policies. VMETRIC simulation is used to test the results, and the verification shows that there is high consistency between the two results, which proves the validity of the model.%实施串件拼修对策是提高装备保障效能的有效途径,能够在现有保障条件下使装备可用度达到上限.针对该问题,在备件多级维修供应模式下,根据串件拼修的特点,并结合可修复备件库存分配建模理论(METRIC),建立了非串件系统、串件系统以及不完全串件系统可用度评估模型.研究了串件对策下装备保障效能的分析流程和方法.通过实验设计,确定初始备件库存方案,在给定的方案下,对不同串件对策下装备的可用度进行评估.采用VMETRIC平台对模型进行验证,结果表明,本文模型结果与VMETRIC仿真结果具有相当高的吻合度,证明了模型的正确性.

  18. Training Effect Evaluation of Equipment Maintenance Support Serviceman Based on Interval Number and Extension Theory%基于区间数与可拓理论的装备维修保障人员训练效果评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔凯旋; 石全; 胡起伟; 张文宇; 王业

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the quantify analysis and train grade judgment of equipment maintenance support serviceman, the serviceman training effect evaluation system was established based on interval number and extension theory. Combine serviceman training actual characteristics and requirements, use extension theory to establish matter element evaluation model. Based on knowledge level, operation ability, equipment efficiency conditions, personnel quality and working performance, taking interval number as attribute evaluation, the main indicator data was quantified. The matter element weight indexes were confirmed through AHP method. The matter element correlative function was established. The serviceman training effect is evaluated by using the superior degree evaluation method and index rating statistics situation. The analysis result shows that the system is accurate and comprehensive, it can provide reference to training effect evaluation.%  针对部队装备维修保障人员的训练效果进行定量分析和等级划分,建立一种基于区间数与可拓理论的装备维修保障人员训练效果评估体系。结合装备维修保障人员训练实际特点和要求,利用可拓理论构建物元评估模型,从知识水平、岗位能力、装备效能情况、人员素质和工作表现等方面出发,采用区间数为属性取值,对其主要指标数据进行量化处理,利用层次分析法确定物元各指标的权重系数,建立物元关联函数,并利用优度评价法和各子指标等级统计情况对装备维修人员训练效果进行评估。分析二级效果表明,该体系准确客观,可为训练效果的评估提供参考。

  19. Stability-Augmentation Devices for Miniature Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, RIchard M.

    2005-01-01

    Non-aerodynamic mechanical devices are under consideration as means to augment the stability of miniature autonomous and remotely controlled aircraft. Such aircraft can be used for diverse purposes, including military reconnaissance, radio communications, and safety-related monitoring of wide areas. The need for stability-augmentation devices arises because adverse meteorological conditions generally affect smaller aircraft more strongly than they affect larger aircraft: Miniature aircraft often become uncontrollable under conditions that would not be considered severe enough to warrant grounding of larger aircraft. The need for the stability-augmentation devices to be non-aerodynamic arises because there is no known way to create controlled aerodynamic forces sufficient to counteract the uncontrollable meteorological forces on miniature aircraft. A stability-augmentation device of the type under consideration includes a mass pod (a counterweight) at the outer end of a telescoping shaft, plus associated equipment to support the operation of the aircraft. The telescoping shaft and mass pod are stowed in the rear of the aircraft. When deployed, they extend below the aircraft. Optionally, an antenna for radio communication can be integrated into the shaft. At the time of writing this article, the deployment of the telescoping shaft and mass pod was characterized as passive and automatic, but information about the deployment mechanism(s) was not available. The feasibility of this stability-augmentation concept was demonstrated in flights of hand-launched prototype aircraft.

  20. ITER assembly and maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document is intended to describe the work conducted by the ITER Assembly and Maintenance (A and M) Design Unit and the supporting home teams during the ITER Conceptual Design Activities, carried out from 1988 through 1990. Its content consists of two main sections, i.e., Chapter III, which describes the identified tasks to be performed by the A and M system and a general description of the required equipment; and Chapter IV, which provides a more detailed description of the equipment proposed to perform the assigned tasks. A two-stage R and D program is now planned, i.e., (1) a prototype equipment functional tests using full scale mock-ups and (2) a full scale integration demonstration test facility with real components (vacuum vessel with ports, blanket modules, divertor modules, armor tiles, etc.). Crucial in-vessel and ex-vessel operations and the associated remote handling equipment, including handling of divertor plates and blanket modules will be demonstrated in the first phase, whereby the database needed to proceed with the engineering phase will be acquired. The second phase will demonstrate the ability of the overall system to execute the required maintenance procedures and evaluate the performance of the prototype equipment

  1. Maintenance and management system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since highly reliable operation is required in a nuclear power plant, monitoring during operation and periodical inspection are conducted carefully. The present invention provides maintenance and management systems for providing an aid so that these systems are combined effectively and operated rationally based on unified information management. That is, the system contains data bases comprising information for the design of the equipments and pipelines of a plant, information for the exchange of equipment parts, information for the history of plant operation, information for the monitoring and inspection, and information for the management of repair operation. In addition, it has an equipment part history management sub-system for managing equipment part exchange information, an operation history management sub-system for managing the operation state of the plant, an operation history management sub-system for managing equipment monitoring inspection data and operation management sub-system for managing periodical inspection/ repairing operation. These sub-systems are collectively combined to manage the maintenance and management jobs of the plant unitarily. (I.S.)

  2. Proposta de uma metodologia para avaliação de defeitos de soldadura na manutenção de equipamentos sob pressão Proposed methodology to evaluate welding defects during maintenance of equipments under pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Silva

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de técnicas avançadas de controlo não destrutivo como o Time of Flight Detection (ToFD e o Phased Array para inspeção em manutenção de reservatórios de pressão permite a caracterização de numerosos defeitos não detectados durante a construção, como defeitos planares, cuja detecção por radiografia depende da sua orientação. Estas técnicas têm conduzido a um aumento substancial da fiabilidade dos equipamentos, uma vez que a detecção de defeitos num estágio inicial de desenvolvimento permite planear as intervenções, reduzir paragens e tempos não produtivos. Os defeitos de fabrico são identificados nas inspeções de manutenção pelo fato das técnicas usadas serem mais precisas e as áreas inspecionadas maiores do que as requeridas após construção. Alguns defeitos são facilmente classificados como tendo origem no fabrico e construção, mas outros não conseguem distinguir-se dos provocados pelas condições de serviço. Neste sentido, a decisão importante a tomar é a de avaliar se a evolução do defeito é possível de ocorrer, baseada no conhecimento das condições de serviço, do material, da dimensão e localização do defeito. Este artigo pretende fazer uma proposta de metodologia de avaliação de defeitos baseada num conjunto substancial de casos industriais de modo a apoiar o pessoal técnico nas fases de decisão em manutenção, inspeção e reparação de defeitos em juntas soldadas em reservatórios de pressão de processo.The use of advanced non-destructive techniques like ToFD and Phased Array to perform maintenance inspections of pressure vessels enables the characterization of numerous defects not detectable during the construction, as planar defects, whose detection by radiography is highly dependent on its orientation. These techniques lead to a substantial increase in reliability of equipments, since, the early detection of defects under development allows the planning of

  3. Light shaping diffusers{trademark} improve aircraft inspection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shagam, R.N. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shie, R.; Lerner, J. [Physical Optics Corp., Torrance, CA (United States)

    1994-11-01

    Physical Optical Corporation has introduced a Light Shaping Diffuser{trademark} (LSD) for the specialized illumination requirements of aircraft inspection. Attached to a handheld, battery-powered flashlight, this light-weight, holographic diffuser element provides bright, even illumination as aircraft inspectors perform the important task of visually examining aircraft for possible structural defects. Field trials conducted by the Aging Aircraft Program at Sandia National Laboratories confirm that the LSD-equipped flashlights are preferred by visual inspectors over stock flashlights.

  4. Dairy Equipment Lubrication

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-01-01

    Lake To Lake Dairy Cooperative, Manitowoc, Wisconsin, operates four plants in Wisconsin for processing milk, butter and cheese products from its 1,300 member farms. The large co-op was able to realize substantial savings by using NASA information for improved efficiency in plant maintenance. Under contract to Marshall Space Flight Center, Midwest Research Institute compiled a handbook consolidating information about commercially available lubricants. The handbook details chemical and physical properties, applications, specifications, test procedures and test data for liquid and solid lubricants. Lake To Lake's plant engineer used the handbook to effect savings in maintenance labor and materials costs by reducing the number of lubricants used on certain equipment. Strict U.S. Department of Agriculture and Food and Drug Administration regulations preclude lubrication changes n production equipment, but the co-op's maintenance chief was able to eliminate seven types of lubricants for ancillary equipment, such as compressors and high pressure pumps. Handbook data enabled him to select comparable but les expensive lubricants in the materials consolidation process, and simplified lubrication schedules and procedures. The handbook is in continuing use as a reference source when a new item of equipment is purchased.

  5. Maintenance management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance program of nuclear power plant (NPP) was decided by safety and economics. Safety was not always compatible with economics. Management of NPP's maintenance was to adjust and promote maintenance action taking into account of economics and safety. From securities report from 2000 to 2002 fiscal year, generation cost of NPP was calculated 8.3 Yen/kWh (capacity factor=78%) compared with 10.0 Yen/kWh (capacity factor=41%) of thermal power. Reduction or suppression of generation cost requested to reduce fuel and operation and maintenance cost or to increase power generation capacity. Increase of operating years and upgrade of capacity factor contributed to reduce generation cost and then aging measures for lifecycle extension of NPP was important as well as securing high capacity factor without failures or troubles of NPP with adequate maintenance action. Maintenance program was arranged to decide scope of inspection and repair and measures based on evaluated data. Use of risk information was recommended for reliable maintenance. Safety, quality assurance and schedule of maintenance work were supervised as well as radiation protection and occupational safety. (T. Tanaka)

  6. Maintenance Budgeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, J. McCree

    Three methods for the preparation of maintenance budgets are discussed--(1) a traditional method, inconclusive and obsolete, based on gross square footage, (2) the formula approach method based on building classification (wood-frame, masonry-wood, masonry-concrete) with maintenance cost factors for each type plus custodial service rates by type of…

  7. Optimal use of German Army maintenance resources

    OpenAIRE

    Wellbrink, Joerg

    1998-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The German Army's maintenance branch has lost 25 percent of its soldiers since the end of the cold war. The maintenance branch has insufficient military personnel within maintenance units to maintain all combat unit equipment. The Army, therefore, purchases civilian man hours (mhrs) to satisfy some required maintenance. This thesis develops a mixed integer linear program, named ADOPT (administrative order optimizer), to optimally assig...

  8. Aircraft cybernetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    The use of computers for aircraft control, flight simulation, and inertial navigation is explored. The man-machine relation problem in aviation is addressed. Simple and self-adapting autopilots are described and the assets and liabilities of digital navigation techniques are assessed.

  9. Maintenance: problem and solution

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    Equipment that is often unique, machines that are as old as the Laboratory, continuous and demanding performance requirements: these are the challenges faced by CERN’s accelerator maintenance teams. There are some twenty such teams, attached to different departments. A new project aims to standardise their procedures to make their work easier, and you can be a part of it.   “For the past year or so, the Accelerator and Technologies Sector and the GS Department have been working together on identifying the needs of the different teams that perform maintenance on CERN’s equipment. We are now ready to provide computer support with detailed specifics about the processes that need to be set up,” explains Goran Perinić, one of the leaders in CERN’s new Maintenance Management project (MMP). Since the LHC entered operation, the responsibilities of the technical teams have been broadened to cover maintenance of the collider and that of its injectors...

  10. Perspectives of civil aircraft avionics development

    OpenAIRE

    Наумов, А. В.

    1999-01-01

    Considered are main directions for civil avionics development. General requirements for airborne equipment functions. Analysis of airborne avionics selection per architecture and economical effectiveness in made. Proposed is the necessity of new approach to integrated avionics complex design, first of all, on basis of mathematical method for aircraft equipment and technical characteristics definition

  11. Developing Reliability Based Maintenance Software for Enhancing Maintenance Performance and Aging Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The software of Reliability based Maintenance had been developed for maintenance and ageing maintenance purposes. The program generates information on component boundary, specification, manufacture, maintenance history, failure data, availability and degradation or ageing trend of research reactor components for use of maintenance manager for evaluating. The program was established by analyzing an existing system and designing a system that could enhance the effectiveness of the maintenance. As reference of evaluation, the program was equipped with calculation of failure rate, MTTF, MTTR, FMEA, and Root cause analysis. By using this program technician and manager could easily know status of component weather they suffer from frequent failure or degradation tendency and recommend preventive maintenance. (author)

  12. Maintenance of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Guide covers the organizational and procedural aspects of maintenance but does not give detailed technical advice on the maintenance of particular plant items. It gives guidance on preventive and remedial measures necessary to ensure that all structures, systems and components important to safety are capable of performing as intended. The Guide covers the organizational and administrative requirements for establishing and implementing preventive maintenance schedules, repairing defective plant items, providing maintenance facilities and equipment, procuring stores and spare parts, selecting and training maintenance personnel, reviewing and controlling plant modifications arising from maintenance, and for generating, collecting and retaining maintenance records. Maintenance shall be subject to quality assurance in all aspects important to safety. Because quality assurance has been dealt with in detail in other Safety Guides, it is only included here in specific instances where emphasis is required. Maintenance is considered to include functional and performance testing of plant, surveillance and in-service inspection, where these are necessary either to support other maintenance activities or to ensure continuing capability of structures, systems and components important to safety to perform their intended functions

  13. Predication and Optimization of Maintenance Resources for Weapon System

    OpenAIRE

    Yabin Wang

    2011-01-01

    Maintenance resources are important part of the maintenance support system. The whole efficiency of weapon system is directly affected by the allocation of maintenance resources. Joint support for weapon system of multi-kinds of equipments is the main fashion of maintenance support in the future. However, there is a lack of the efficiency tools and methods for predication and optimization of weapon system maintenance resources presently. For the prediction requirement of maintenance resources...

  14. Scorpion: Close Air Support (CAS) aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Chris; Cheng, Rendy; Koehler, Grant; Lyon, Sean; Paguio, Cecilia

    1991-01-01

    The objective is to outline the results of the preliminary design of the Scorpion, a proposed close air support aircraft. The results obtained include complete preliminary analysis of the aircraft in the areas of aerodynamics, structures, avionics and electronics, stability and control, weight and balance, propulsion systems, and costs. A conventional wing, twin jet, twin-tail aircraft was chosen to maximize the desirable characteristics. The Scorpion will feature low speed maneuverability, high survivability, low cost, and low maintenance. The life cycle cost per aircraft will be 17.5 million dollars. The maximum takeoff weight will be 52,760 pounds. Wing loading will be 90 psf. The thrust to weight will be 0.6 lbs/lb. This aircraft meets the specified mission requirements. Some modifications have been suggested to further optimize the design.

  15. 14 CFR 135.175 - Airborne weather radar equipment requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airborne weather radar equipment... Aircraft and Equipment § 135.175 Airborne weather radar equipment requirements. (a) No person may operate a... conditions that can be detected with airborne weather radar equipment, may reasonably be expected along...

  16. 直播卫星户户通双模系统原理及终端设备维护%Direct Broadcast Satellite Promises Dual-mode System Principle and Terminal Equipment Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜志刚

    2015-01-01

    “户户通”直播卫星电视是由广电总局负责实施的惠民工程,以最低成本、最快速度、最有效的方式,从根本上解决广大农村听广播看电视难的问题,加快推进城乡广播电视公共服务均等化。“户户通”在安装及使用过程中存在许多问题,对“户户通”工程的长期通、优质通造成不良影响,以这些问题为切入点,根据腾冲县所使用的设备,介绍双模“户户通”系统的信号流程、模块功能与终端维修思路,旨在改进“户户通”的售后服务,保证收视效果。%“Promises” direct broadcast satellite TV is the administration of radio , film and is responsible for the implementation of people-benefit project , at the lowest cost , the fastest speed , the most effective way to fundamentally solve the rural and mountainous areas , every family, and everyone is listening to the radio , watch TV , promote urban and rural equalization of public service broadcasting and television .Promises there are many problems in the process of installation and use , for household project all the time , for a long time, a certain impact , these problems are presented in this paper as the breakthrough point , combined with Teng-chong county using the equipment , introduced the signal in the system of two-mode promises processes , mod-ules, functions, and terminal maintenance, aimed at promoting promises timely after-sales service.

  17. Novel methods for aircraft corrosion monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bossi, Richard H.; Criswell, Thomas L.; Ikegami, Roy; Nelson, James; Normand, Eugene; Rutherford, Paul S.; Shrader, John E.

    1995-07-01

    Monitoring aging aircraft for hidden corrosion is a significant problem for both military and civilian aircraft. Under a Wright Laboratory sponsored program, Boeing Defense & Space Group is investigating three novel methods for detecting and monitoring hidden corrosion: (1) atmospheric neutron radiography, (2) 14 MeV neutron activation analysis and (3) fiber optic corrosion sensors. Atmospheric neutron radiography utilizes the presence of neutrons in the upper atmosphere as a source for interrogation of the aircraft structure. Passive track-etch neutron detectors, which have been previously placed on the aircraft, are evaluated during maintenance checks to assess the presence of corrosion. Neutrons generated by an accelerator are used via activation analysis to assess the presence of distinctive elements in corrosion products, particularly oxygen. By using fast (14 MeV) neutrons for the activation, portable, high intensity sources can be employed for field testing of aircraft. The third novel method uses fiber optics as part of a smart structure technology for corrosion detection and monitoring. Fiber optic corrosion sensors are placed in the aircraft at locations known to be susceptible to corrosion. Periodic monitoring of the sensors is used to alert maintenance personnel to the presence and degree of corrosion at specific locations on the aircraft. During the atmospheric neutron experimentation, we identified a fourth method referred to as secondary emission radiography (SER). This paper discusses the development of these methods.

  18. Stochastic Overall Equipment Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Zammori, Francesco Aldo; Braglia, Marcello; Frosolini, Marco

    2011-01-01

    Abstract This paper focuses on the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE), a key performance indicator typically adopted to support Lean Manufacturing and Total Productive Maintenance. Unfortunately, being a deterministic metric, the OEE only provides a static representation of a process, but fails to capture the real variability of manufacturing performances. To take into account the stochastic nature of the OEE, an approximated procedure based on the application of the Central Lim...

  19. Maintenance of nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance action of nuclear power plant (NPP) was described. Maintenance of NPP aimed at assurance of required function of NPP's equipment so as to prevent release of radioactive materials into the environment as well as attainment of stable operation of NPP. Philosophy of NPP safety was based on defense-in-depth or multiple barriers requiring specified function for the equipment. Preventive maintenance was essential to NPP's equipment and the scope of maintenance was decided on priority with adequate method and frequency of inspection. Most inspection was conducted during periodic inspection at outage. Repair or improvement works were performed if needed. Periodic inspection period was very long and then capacity factor of NPP was low in Japan compared with foreign data although frequency of unscheduled shutdown was very low. Introduction of reability- centered maintenance was requested based on past experiences of overhaul inspection. Technical evaluation of aged NPP had been conducted on aging phenomena and promotion of advanced maintenance was more needed. (T. Tanaka)

  20. Value-driven maintenance planning for a production plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance involves maintaining and securing the equipment and systems in, or restoring them to, a state in which they can perform the required functions. The challenge for maintenance planning is to identify appropriate objects and tasks for preventive maintenance and ensure that there are adequate resources for the repair actions. In this paper we will present a maintenance planning approach, called value-driven maintenance planning (VDMP), to emphasise the fact that the objectives of the plant are the reference points for specifying functional requirements for the equipment locations and equipment. The three basic phases of the VDMP planning approach are: (i)the definition of the fundamental, strategic and maintenance (means) objectives of the production plant, (ii)the classification of equipment locations (including one or several equipment items) into maintenance classes, each associated with a functional requirement specification, and (iii)the selection of maintenance strategies and maintenance tasks (including timing) for equipment assigned to the equipment locations. Feedback of the operational experience is crucial for the application of the maintenance planning approach. As a consequence, the approach is developed to support the continuous improvement of the cost effectiveness of maintenance rather than planning of the initial maintenance programme of a new plant. Analysis techniques are presented and challenges of application are discussed. The application of the VDMP approach to a gasification plant in Finland is also presented

  1. Development of blanket remote maintenance system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ITER in-vessel components such as blankets are scheduled maintenance components, including complete shield blanket replacement for breeding blankets. In-vessel components are activated by 14 MeV neutrons, so blanket maintenance requires remote handling equipment and tools able to handle heavy payloads of about 4 tons within a positioning accuracy of 2 mm under intense gamma radiation. To facilitate remote maintenance, blankets are segmented into 730 modules and rail-mounted vehicle remote maintenance was developed. According to the ITER R and D program, critical technology related to blanket maintenance was developed extensively through joint efforts of the Japan, EU, and U.S. home teams. This paper summarizes current blanket maintenance technology conducted by the Japan Home Team, including development of full-scale remote handling equipment and tools for blanket maintenance. (author)

  2. Preventive maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The information contained in this paper should be used in conjunction with the maintenance instructions provided by the manufacturer of each valve. When there is any question or conflict between the procedure described and the manufacturer's, the author suggests determining the best method for the applications. A good long range preventative maintenance program for valves will eliminate costly repairs or replacement of valves long before their time. A little flush, lube, and what was once called elbow grease will also go a long way in reducing your downtime and maintenance budget. This paper will discuss one of the most misunderstood theories concerning valve maintenance, i.e., that periodic maintenance of valves includes the injection of sealants. Sealants are injected into valves as a secondary seal for most valves. Under normal conditions, valves do not require sealant injection. Solid fillers in sealants tend to plug the system making it virtually impossible to inject either sealant or a lubricant, requiring the injection of flush or cleaners to dislodge the solids. Topics covered in this paper will range from general maintenance requirements to valve flushing, cleaning and lubrication

  3. CANDU plant maintenance: Recent developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    CANDU units have long been recognized for their exceptional safety and reliability. Continuing development in the maintenance area has played a key role in achieving this performance level. For over two decades, safety system availability has been monitored closely and system maintenance programs adjusted accordingly to maintain high levels of performance. But as the plants approach mid life in a more competitive environment and component aging becomes a concern, new methods and techniques are necessary. As a result, recent developments are moving the maintenance program largely from a corrective and preventive approach to predictive and condition based maintenance. The application of these techniques is also being extended to safety related systems. These recent developments include use of reliability centred methods to define system maintenance requirements and strategies. This approach has been implemented on a number of systems at Canadian CANDU plants with positive results. The pilot projects demonstrated that the overall maintenance effort remained relatively constant while the system performance improved. It was also possible to schedule some of the redundant component maintenance during plant operation without adverse impact on system availability. The probabilistic safety assessment was found to be useful in determining the safety implications of component outages. These new maintenance strategies are now making use of predictive and condition based maintenance techniques to anticipate equipment breakdown and schedule preventive maintenance as the need arises rather than time based. Some of these techniques include valve diagnostics, vibration monitoring, oil analysis, thermography. Of course, these tools and techniques must form part of an overall maintenance management system to ensure that maintenance becomes a living program. To facilitate this process and contain costs, new information technology tools are being introduced to provide system engineers

  4. Remote maintenance technology in nuclear facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the nuclear facilities in Japan, it is generally required to engineer all the process equipment to permit easy, safe and efficient maintenance while such equipment is operated by remote control within the plant. As typical maintenance machine, there are tow-arm manipulators, power manipulators, and in-cell cranes. It is also important that such manipulator could be repaired and maintained by remote maintenance. For this purpose, all the core items of the manipulator could be separated into several modules by design. Our system has piled up experience and practical achievements for many years and it has been gained a reputation for high reliability of the remote maintenance technology. (author)

  5. 面向飞机维护应用反馈系统的知识管理研究%Study on Knowledge Management for Aircraft Maintenance Application Feedback System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓洁; 王小平; 初建杰

    2011-01-01

    Requirement of creating an application feedback system in aircraft product and service system is presented.The role of knowledge management in feedback subsystem of the product lifecycle management in aircraft application is discussed.The importance and necessity of knowledge management in the feedback processes is validated through software implementation.%提出了在飞机产品服务系统中建立应用反馈系统的需求,论述知识管理在飞机产品全生命周期管理应用反馈子系统中的作用,通过软件实现验证了知识管理在应用反馈系统中的重要性和必要性.

  6. Turboprop aircraft against terrorism: a SWOT analysis of turboprop aircraft in CAS operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavuz, Murat; Akkas, Ali; Aslan, Yavuz

    2012-06-01

    Today, the threat perception is changing. Not only for countries but also for defence organisations like NATO, new threat perception is pointing terrorism. Many countries' air forces become responsible of fighting against terorism or Counter-Insurgency (COIN) Operations. Different from conventional warfare, alternative weapon or weapon systems are required for such operatioins. In counter-terrorism operations modern fighter jets are used as well as helicopters, subsonic jets, Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), turboprop aircraft, baloons and similar platforms. Succes and efficiency of the use of these platforms can be determined by evaluating the conditions, the threats and the area together. Obviously, each platform has advantages and disadvantages for different cases. In this research, examples of turboprop aircraft usage against terrorism and with a more general approach, turboprop aircraft for Close Air Support (CAS) missions from all around the world are reviewed. In this effort, a closer look is taken at the countries using turboprop aircraft in CAS missions while observing the fields these aircraft are used in, type of operations, specifications of the aircraft, cost and the maintenance factors. Thus, an idea about the convenience of using these aircraft in such operations can be obtained. A SWOT analysis of turboprop aircraft in CAS operations is performed. This study shows that turboprop aircraft are suitable to be used in counter-terrorism and COIN operations in low threat environment and is cost benefical compared to jets.

  7. Influence of environmental factors on corrosion damage of aircraft structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Corrosion is one of the important structural integrity concerns of aging aircraft, and it is estimated that a significant portion of airframe maintenance budgets is directed towards corrosion-related problems for both military and commercial aircraft. In order to better understand how environmental factors influence the corrosion damage initiation and propagation on aircraft structure and to predict pre-corrosion test pieces of fatigue life and structural integrity of an effective approach, this paper uses ...

  8. APPLICATION FOR AIRCRAFT TRACKING

    OpenAIRE

    Ostroumov, Ivan; Kuz’menko, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    Abstract. In the article the important problems of software development for aircraft tracking have beendiscussed. Position reports of ACARS have been used for aircraft tracking around the world.An algorithm of aircraft coordinates decoding and visualization of aircraft position on the map has beenrepresented.Keywords: ACARS, aircraft, internet, position, software, tracking.

  9. Optimal maintenance policies applicable to repairable systems onboard ships

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Sukhdev

    1991-01-01

    Maintenance, a key element of Integrated Logistics Support, plays a very vital role throughout an equipment/system planned life-cycle. Maintenance costs contribute a major portion of the life cycle costs of an equipment or system. Past historical records have shown that the cost associated with system maintenance is immense and usually takes up a large portion of the annual operating expenditure. Besides the costs, sound maintenance efforts contribute to better operational availability and...

  10. Maintenance strategies to reduce downtime due to machine positional errors

    OpenAIRE

    Shagluf, Abubaker; Longstaff, A.P.; Fletcher, S.

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing strives to reduce waste and increase Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). When managing machine tool maintenance a manufacturer must apply an appropriate decision technique in order to reveal hidden costs associated with production losses, reduce equipment downtime competentely and similiarly identify the machines performance. Total productive maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance program that involves concepts for maintaining plant and equipment effectively. OEE is a powerful...

  11. Maintenance Strategies to Reduce Downtime Due to Machine Positional Errors

    OpenAIRE

    Shagluf, Abubaker; Longstaff, Andrew P.; Fletcher, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Manufacturing strives to reduce waste and increase Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). When managing machine tool maintenance a manufacturer must apply an appropriate decision technique in order to reveal hidden costs associated with production losses, reduce equipment downtime competently and similarly identify the machines’ performance. Total productive maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance program that involves concepts for maintaining plant and equipment effectively. OEE is a pow...

  12. Standardization: using comparative maintenance costs in an economic analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Clark, Roger Nelson

    1987-01-01

    This thesis investigates the use of comparative maintenance costs of functionally interchangeable equipments in similar U.S. Navy shipboard applications in an economic analysis of standardization. The economics of standardization, life-cycle costing, and the Navy 3-M System are discussed in general. An analysis of 3-M System maintenance costs for a selected equipment, diesel engines, is conducted. The potential use of comparative maintenance costs in determining an equipment standard and e...

  13. 14 CFR 91.1441 - CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Ownership Operations Program Management § 91.1441 CAMP: Transfer of maintenance records. When a U.S... aircraft in the management specifications, the program manager must transfer to the purchaser, at the time of the sale, the following records of that aircraft, in plain language form or in coded form...

  14. Using condition-based maintenance and reliability-centered maintenance to improve maintenance in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance optimization process in nuclear power plants (NPPs) has, in recent decades, been driving the transition of maintenance strategies from time-based preventive maintenance to systematic strategies depending on both equipment condition and reliability analysis. Starting with a comparison of various types of maintenance strategies in current NPPs, this paper highlights the evident advantages of condition-based maintenance (CBM) in both technical feasibility and cost-effectiveness. This paper also expounds the theoretical foundation and application methodology of CBM, as well as the complementary relationship between CBM and RCM. Taking Daya Bay nuclear power base as a case example, we introduce in detail the experience of using Reliability-centered Maintenance (RCM) and CBM to drive maintenance improvement in NPPs, which serves as a cornerstone for the application of RCM analysis-based CBM maintenance in other plants. (author)

  15. Risk informed maintenance activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years, risk informed activities are being investigated as scientifically rational measures. Some Risk informed activities using Core Damage Frequency (CDF) have been already employed. Examples are extraction of accident management strategies, risk informed maintenance importance and such. This paper describes risk information such as CDF, risk profile, risk importance of equipments' contribution to risk, gained from Probabilistic Analysis (PSA). Furthermore, risk informed activities conducted and/or considered are also introduced. The examples are investigation of accident management strategies, on-line maintenance and risk informed In Service Inspection (ISI). In the end, open issues for further employment of risk information in the NPP activities are summarized. Technical quality of PSA methodology is one of these issues and it should be continuously addressed, however, the risk information as it is still useful for better activities in NPP. (author)

  16. Mobile HTS SQUID System for Nondestructive Evaluation of Aircraft Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krause, Hans-Joachim; Hohmann, Rainer; Grueneklee, Michael; Zhang, Yi; Braginski, Alex I.

    1997-03-01

    For the detection of deep-lying flaws in aircraft structures, a mobile eddy-current system is being developed in conjunction with a high-temperature superconductor (Yba_2Cu_3O_7) thin-film HTS SQUID gradiometer. The challenge is to operate the SQUID sensor during movement in strong ambient fields, independent of orientation. A planar rf double hole gradiometer with a gradient sensitivity of 500 fT/(cm √Hz) was designed for that purpose. Two different cooling concepts were successfully implemented: the SQUID operation in the vacuum region of a lightweight nitrogen cryostat, constructed for operation in any orientation, and the use of a commercial Joule-Thomson cryocooler for liquid-nitrogen-free SQUID cooling. With a SQUID integration scheme using a sapphire cold finger, motion-related additional noise is nearly eliminated. Using a system equipped with a differential eddy current excitation, two-dimensional scans were performed to find fatigue cracks and corrosion pits hidden below several layers of aluminum. For demonstration in the Lufthansa maintenance facility at Frankfurt Airport, the system was used to detect flaws in aircraft wheels. Work in progress includes developing longer base gradiometers for detection of deep flaws.

  17. Maintenance Therapy in IBD

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Help Center Home > Resources > Maintenance Therapy Go Back Maintenance Therapy Email Print + Share The term "maintenance therapy" ... are referred to as "maintenance therapies." Why is Maintenance Therapy Needed in IBD? Both Crohn's disease and ...

  18. Knowledge engineering thinking of maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance optimization problem could not always settled mathematically and was obliged to use quasi-optimum solution with omitting non-formulated limiting condition or neglecting part of optimization object. In such a case knowledge engineering thinking was encouraged. Maintenance of complicated plant and artificial system should be considered from artificial object (equipment/facility hardware and system), technical information and knowledge base, and organizational and human aspect or society and institution. Comprehensive management system in organization and society was necessary not only for assuring integrity of equipment but also for attaining higher performance, reliability and economics of system. For better judgment it was important to share mechanism to make use of more information with organization or whole society. It was required to create database and data mining for knowledge base management system of maintenance. Maintenance was called 'last fortress' to assure quality such as reliability and safety of required function of equipment. Strategic approach to develop maintenance technology under cooperation was considered. Life extension R and D road map was launched in 2005. (T. Tanaka)

  19. Californium-based neutron radiography for corrosion detection in aircraft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In support of an overall program aimed at minimizing disassembly and reducing inspection time during aircraft maintenance, a series of projects has been carried out to determine the feasibility of applying neutron radiographic techniques to the nondestructive (NDT) inspection of aircraft and aircraft components. These investigations have clearly demonstrated the superiority of neutron radiography over all other NDT techniques in its ability to detect surface and subsurface corrosion in aircraft structure. This capability is particularly significant where the corrosion is hidden behind thick metallic structural members. The neutron radiographic technique has been applied successfully to detect corrosion in the wing tank of E-2C, C-130, and DC-9 aircraft; rear stabilators of F-4 and F-111 aircraft; aft spar, starboard and port wing, and rudder of the F-8; fuselage skin of the 727; rotary blades of AH-1 and SH-3 helicopters; rotary tail flaps of the UH-2 helicopter; and nose landing gear of A-7 aircraft

  20. Computational intelligence applied to the logistics of electric energy distribution network maintenance teams; Inteligencia computacional aplicada a logistica de equipes de manutencao de redes de distribuicao de energia eletrica

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bobel, Edson [Companhia Paranaense de Energia (COPEL), Curitiba, PR (Brazil)]. E-mails: edson.bobel@copel.com; Lopes, Heitor Silverio [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UTFPR), Curitiba (Brazil)]. E-mail: hslopes@utfpr.edu.br

    2007-10-15

    One of the problems that an Electric Energy Distribution Company faces is the maintenance of its distribution network. This study focuses on the problem of allocating emergency maintenance teams so that costs related to the energy outage as well as the cost of the teams themselves are minimized. This study includes a geographic area of 108 counties in the State of Parana, Brazil, and uses information related to: interruptions history in high voltage switches, list of locations able to allocate emergency maintenance teams and list of switches that were actually served by the maintenance teams during the year 2002. With this information and the list of locations with emergency maintenance teams, an estimate of the situation is made and the costs are calculated for the year 2002. With this in hand, the problem was solved using two methods: p-medians and genetic algorithms, in which the potential gains of 13.37% and 12.64% were obtained, respectively, as compared to the costs in 2002, for the same geographic area. Finally, a projection was made for the potential decrease of costs for the Electric Distribution Company regarding the total area of Parana State, as well as an estimate of financial profits for the State Government. (author)

  1. Equipment for ion beam production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An equipment has been designed to extend the scope of control of ion beam flux for an intensive ion beam source used for plasma injection in magnetic vessels. The control equipment is connected to the electromagnet power supply. A consumption regulator is fitted in the operating gas supply to the hollow cathode of the ion source. A circuit is also included for discharge voltage maintenance consisting of a control element and a discharge voltage pick-up. (M.D.). 1 fig

  2. Water-Using Equipment: Domestic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Solana, Amy E.; Mcmordie, Katherine

    2006-01-24

    Water management is an important aspect of energy engineering. This article addresses water-using equipment primarily used for household purposes, including faucets, showers, toilets, urinals, dishwashers, and clothes washers, and focuses on how the equipment can be optimized to save both water and energy. Technology retrofits and operation and maintenance changes are the primary methods discussed for water and energy conservation. Auditing to determine current consumption rates is also described for each technology.

  3. Maintenance evaluation using risk based criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The maintenance evaluation is currently performed by using economic and, in some case, technical equipment failure criteria, however this is done to a specific equipment level. In general, when statistics are used the analysis for maintenance optimization are made isolated and whit a post mortem character; The integration provided by mean of Probabilistic Safety assessment (PSA) together with the possibilities of its applications, allow for evaluation of maintenance on the basis of broader scope criteria in regard to those traditionally used. The evaluate maintenance using risk based criteria, is necessary to follow a dynamic and systematic approach, in studying the maintenance strategy, to allow for updating the initial probabilistic models, for including operational changes that often take place during operation of complex facilities. This paper proposes a dynamic evaluation system of maintenance task. The system is illustrated by means of a practical example

  4. A process for risks focused maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes work performed for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as technical support for a proposed Maintenance Rule. A risk-centered approach for identifying equipment to be included within the purview of such a rule (critical equipment) was developed, along with a stylized Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM) approach that would be specified for such equipment. Maintenance of equipment not classified as critical would be left to the discretion of the plant. The processes defined were demonstrated through a series of trial applications with cooperating Utilities. The five trial applications were: identifying critical equipment using a PRA; identifying critical equipment when a PRA is not available; RCM on standby equipment using the prescribed steps; RCM on normally operating equipment using the prescribed steps; and RCM on passive equipment using the prescribed steps. The conclusion was that a risk-focused maintenance approach could be specified that was usable, presented only a small additional burden to the plant, and was regulatable. 5 refs, 4 figs, 4 tabs

  5. Remote equipment technology. Final report for GFY 1880

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An interactive graphics terminal and a desk-top computer were utilized to perform a Computer Aided Remote Maintenance simulation of a hypothetical equipment item. The equipment item included an electrical connection, hydraulic fitting, and simple bolt pattern which were maintained by remote manipulators during the simulation. These remote maintenance operations demonstrated that the Computer Aided Remote Maintenance simulation technology could be extended to complex equipment items. As a result, these equipment items can be evaluated from the standpoint of remote operation and maintenance prior to purchase or installation in a remote processing or cell arrangement

  6. Remote equipment technology. Final report for GFY 1880

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wadekamper, D.C.

    1980-09-01

    An interactive graphics terminal and a desk-top computer were utilized to perform a Computer Aided Remote Maintenance simulation of a hypothetical equipment item. The equipment item included an electrical connection, hydraulic fitting, and simple bolt pattern which were maintained by remote manipulators during the simulation. These remote maintenance operations demonstrated that the Computer Aided Remote Maintenance simulation technology could be extended to complex equipment items. As a result, these equipment items can be evaluated from the standpoint of remote operation and maintenance prior to purchase or installation in a remote processing or cell arrangement.

  7. Void Fraction Instrument operation and maintenance manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Operations and Maintenance Manual (O ampersand MM) addresses riser installation, equipment and personnel hazards, operating instructions, calibration, maintenance, removal, and other pertinent information necessary to safely operate and store the Void Fraction Instrument. Final decontamination and decommissioning of the Void Fraction Instrument are not covered in this document

  8. Information Technology Applications to Maintenance Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Abdul Raouf S.I.

    2003-01-01

    Application of IT (Information Technology) to equipment management have not been ade-quately made. A system using Benefit Evaluation Ladder is described for evaluating the need for IT ap-plications to maintenance management. A systematic evaluation scheme for Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) is presented.

  9. Preventive maintenance activities for nuclear power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The supply of stable electric power by getting rid of the failures of nuclear power plants is an important factor for obtaining reliance and social acceptance for nuclear power plants as power sources. Electric power companies have improved their installations as well as carried out maintenance during operation, regular inspection and arrangement. Nuclear plant manufacturers not only implement maintenance and facility-improving works at the request of electric power companies, but also have charge of cooperation in maintenance planning, maintenance engineering services such as operation and repair data analysis and the development of working robots for maintenance. This paper introduces the maintenance activities presently performed by Hitachi Ltd., that is (1) servicing activities for supporting maintenance centering around the Nuclear Plant Service Center; (2) maintenance works in regular inspection; (3) maintenance engineering services to offer preventive maintenance data; and (4) the automation of maintenance works and the development of working robots for reducing exposure to radiation. The robots for nuclear plants are roughly divided into the following four types, and the results of using robots are described. They are exchange machines for replacing reactor or auxiliary components; inspection machines for monitoring plant conditions during reactor operation and for inspection works during shutdown; decontamination machines for reducing radiation dose of reactor equipment; and machining robots for reactor equipment reconstruction or repairing works. (Wakatsuki, Y.)

  10. PSO Based Optimization of Testing and Maintenance Cost in NPPs

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Testing and maintenance activities of safety equipment have drawn much attention in Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) to risk and cost control. The testing and maintenance activities are often implemented in compliance with the technical specification and maintenance requirements. Technical specification and maintenance-related parameters, that is, allowed outage time (AOT), maintenance period and duration, and so forth, in NPP are associated with controlling risk level and operating cost which need ...

  11. Emerging nondestructive inspection methods for aging aircraft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beattie, A; Dahlke, L; Gieske, J [and others

    1994-01-01

    This report identifies and describes emerging nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods that can potentially be used to inspect commercial transport and commuter aircraft for structural damage. The nine categories of emerging NDI techniques are: acoustic emission, x-ray computed tomography, backscatter radiation, reverse geometry x-ray, advanced electromagnetics, including magnetooptic imaging and advanced eddy current techniques, coherent optics, advanced ultrasonics, advanced visual, and infrared thermography. The physical principles, generalized performance characteristics, and typical applications associated with each method are described. In addition, aircraft inspection applications are discussed along with the associated technical considerations. Finally, the status of each technique is presented, with a discussion on when it may be available for use in actual aircraft maintenance programs. It should be noted that this is a companion document to DOT/FAA/CT-91/5, Current Nondestructive Inspection Methods for Aging Aircraft.

  12. Study on Impedance Characteristics of Aircraft Cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weilin Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Voltage decrease and power loss in distribution lines of aircraft electric power system are harmful to the normal operation of electrical equipment and may even threaten the safety of aircraft. This study investigates how the gap distance (the distance between aircraft cables and aircraft skin and voltage frequency (variable frequency power supply will be adopted for next generation aircraft will affect the impedance of aircraft cables. To be more precise, the forming mechanism of cable resistance and inductance is illustrated in detail and their changing trends with frequency and gap distance are analyzed with the help of electromagnetic theoretical analysis. An aircraft cable simulation model is built with Maxwell 2D and the simulation results are consistent with the conclusions drawn from the theoretical analysis. The changing trends of the four core parameters of interest are analyzed: resistance, inductance, reactance, and impedance. The research results can be used as reference for the applications in Variable Speed Variable Frequency (VSVF aircraft electric power system.

  13. Design and Implementation of Equipment Interactive Electronic Technical Manuals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Interactive electronic technical manuals (IETMs) can significantly improve the maintenance and logistics of modern weapon equipment. Main functiors and development strategies of IETMs are discussed. As an example, the IETM development of a certain equipment is demonstrated.

  14. Structural resource of the aircraft IAR-99 SOIM

    OpenAIRE

    Radu BISCA; Dorin LOZICI-BRINZEI

    2012-01-01

    Aircraft structure fatigue monitoring has been developed over decades presently reaching the stage where it became mandatory for all combat aircraft to be equipped with an airborne fatigue monitoring system. These systems usually collect operational data for calculating the safe fatigue life or inspection interval for the aircraft structure. This paper presents an analysis of the current state of fatigue monitoring systems on the IAR-99 SOIM based on the experience of international fatigue mo...

  15. A methodology for hard/soft information fusion in the condition monitoring of aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernardo, Joseph T.

    2013-05-01

    Condition-based maintenance (CBM) refers to the philosophy of performing maintenance when the need arises, based upon indicators of deterioration in the condition of the machinery. Traditionally, CBM involves equipping machinery with electronic sensors that continuously monitor components and collect data for analysis. The addition of the multisensory capability of human cognitive functions (i.e., sensemaking, problem detection, planning, adaptation, coordination, naturalistic decision making) to traditional CBM may create a fuller picture of machinery condition. Cognitive systems engineering techniques provide an opportunity to utilize a dynamic resource—people acting as soft sensors. The literature is extensive on techniques to fuse data from electronic sensors, but little work exists on fusing data from humans with that from electronic sensors (i.e., hard/soft fusion). The purpose of my research is to explore, observe, investigate, analyze, and evaluate the fusion of pilot and maintainer knowledge, experiences, and sensory perceptions with digital maintenance resources. Hard/soft information fusion has the potential to increase problem detection capability, improve flight safety, and increase mission readiness. This proposed project consists the creation of a methodology that is based upon the Living Laboratories framework, a research methodology that is built upon cognitive engineering principles1. This study performs a critical assessment of concept, which will support development of activities to demonstrate hard/soft information fusion in operationally relevant scenarios of aircraft maintenance. It consists of fieldwork, knowledge elicitation to inform a simulation and a prototype.

  16. Severity estimation and shop visit prediction of civil aircraft engines

    OpenAIRE

    Hanumanthan, Hariharan

    2009-01-01

    To sustain in the vibrant field of civil aviation, the aircraft and engine manufacturers are in the pursuit of delivering efficient systems with the best economics. In umpteen scenarios of growing interest, engine maintenance cost due to scheduled maintenance is of importance. The current research is focused on estimation of the maintenance factors, such as severity and shop visit rate to study the operational scenarios and concurrent technologies. The severity, defined as r...

  17. Selected Aircraft Throttle Controller With Support Of Fuzzy Expert Inference System

    OpenAIRE

    Żurek Józef; Grzesik Norbert; Kurpas Jakub

    2014-01-01

    The paper describes Zlin 143Lsi aircraft engine work parameters control support method – hourly fuel flow as a main factor under consideration. The method concerns project of aircraft throttle control support system with use of fuzzy logic (fuzzy inference). The primary purpose of the system is aircraft performance optimization, reducing flight cost at the same time and support proper aircraft engine maintenance. Matlab Software and Fuzzy Logic Toolbox were used in the project. Work of the sy...

  18. 78 FR 23329 - Aircraft Access to SWIM Working Group Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... the multitude of systems and equipment used by the NAS. The Aircraft Access to SWIM (AAtS) initiative is the airborne component of the SWIM SOA. AAtS will allow aircraft to exchange operational information such as: weather, airport information, and other services during all phases of flight. This...

  19. 19 CFR 10.62b - Aircraft turbine fuel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section. Withdrawals under this paragraph shall be annotated with the term “Withdrawal under 19 CFR 10.62b... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Aircraft turbine fuel. 10.62b Section 10.62b... Supplies and Equipment for Vessels § 10.62b Aircraft turbine fuel. (a) General. Unless otherwise...

  20. The organization closed water battery plant Aircraft Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В.М. Ісаєнко

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available  The information on unrational water usage and losts is given in the article. The necessity of closed water cycle introduction is shown for the aircraft repairing plant. The principle scheme of closed cycle water usage is developed for the accumulator department of the aircraft repairing plant. Modern technological equipment is offered for implementation.

  1. Maintenance of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Safety Guide provides detailed guidance on the provisions of the Code on the Safety in Nuclear Power Plants: Operation, IAEA Safety Series No. 50-C-O(Rev.1) on the maintenance of structures, systems and components. Like the Code, the Guide forms part of the IAEA's programme, referred to as the NUSS programme, for establishing Codes and Safety Guides relating to nuclear power plants. Effective maintenance is essential for safe operation of a nuclear power plant. It not only ensures that the level of reliability and effectiveness of all plant structures, systems and components having a bearing on safety remains in accordance with design assumptions and intent, but also that the safety status of the plant is not adversely affected after commencement of operation. Nuclear power plant maintenance requires special attention because of: Limitations set by requirements that a minimum number of components remain operable even when the plant is shut down in order to ensure that all necessary safety functions are guaranteed; Difficulty of access to some plant items even when the plant is shut down, due to radiation protection constraints; Potential radiological hazards to site personnel and the public. This Guide covers the organizational and procedural aspects of maintenance but does not give detailed technical advice on the maintenance of particular plant items. It gives guidance on preventive and remedial measures necessary to ensure that all structures, systems and components important to safety are capable of performing as intended. The Guide covers the organizational and administrative requirements for establishing and implementing preventive maintenance schedules, repairing defective plant items, selecting and training maintenance personnel, providing maintenance facilities and equipment, procuring stores and spare parts, reviewing, controlling and carrying out plant modifications, and generating, collecting and retaining maintenance records for establishing and

  2. Opportune maintenance and predictive maintenance decision support

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, Edouard; Levrat, Eric; Iung, Benoît; Cocheteux, Pierre

    2009-01-01

    Conventional maintenance strategies on a single component are being phased out in favour of more predictive maintenance actions. These new kinds of actions are performed in order to control the global performances of the whole industrial system. They are anticipative in nature, which allows a maintenance expert to consider non-already-planned maintenance actions. Two questions naturally emerge: when to perform a predictive maintenance action; how a maintenance expert can take advantage of a g...

  3. Susquehanna SES maintenance supervisor training and certification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Susquehanna's program targets all Supervisors, Supervisor Candidates, and Temporary Supervisors that are responsible for in-plant maintenance or maintenance support activities, including: mechanical maintenance; electrical maintenance; maintenance support (labor support, radwaste, etc.); mobile construction support (mechanical and electrical); chemistry; health physics; maintenance planning; and instrument and controls. The program integrates the three major areas of direct Supervisory responsibilities: (1) Leadership and Management - Skills that require interpersonal activities that are typically humanistic and subjective; such as coaching, motivating, communications, etc. (2) Technical and Administrative - Knowledge that is directly related to the job of Supervising from the production, regulatory, accountability perspective. These topics are very objective and include training on topics such as workpackages, plant chemistry parameters, radiological concerns, etc. (3) Technical Skills - Ensure each Supervisor is technically competent in the plant systems, components, or equipment he/she is tasked with maintaining or overseeing. Typical skills found in this area are, circuit breaker maintenance, primary system sampling, or overhauling pumps

  4. Development of divertor remote maintenance system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The ITER divertor is categorized as a scheduled maintenance component because of extreme heat and particle loads it is exposed to by plasma. It is also highly activated by 14 MeV neutrons. Reliable remote handling equipment and tools are required for divertor maintenance under intense gamma radiation. To facilitate remote maintenance, the divertor is segmented into 60 cassettes, and each cassette weighing about 25 tons and maintained and replaced through four maintenance ports each 90 degrees. Divertor cassettes must be transported toroidally and radially for replacement through maintenance ports. Remote handling involving cassette movers and carriers for toroidal and radial transport has been developed. Under the ITER R and D program, technology critical to divertor cassette maintenance is being developed jointly by Japan, E.U., and U.S. home teams. This paper summarizes divertor remote maintenance design and the status of technology development by the Japan Home Team. (author)

  5. Aircraft Lightning Electromagnetic Environment Measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ely, Jay J.; Nguyen, Truong X.; Szatkowski, George N.

    2011-01-01

    This paper outlines a NASA project plan for demonstrating a prototype lightning strike measurement system that is suitable for installation onto research aircraft that already operate in thunderstorms. This work builds upon past data from the NASA F106, FAA CV-580, and Transall C-180 flight projects, SAE ARP5412, and the European ILDAS Program. The primary focus is to capture airframe current waveforms during attachment, but may also consider pre and post-attachment current, electric field, and radiated field phenomena. New sensor technologies are being developed for this system, including a fiber-optic Faraday polarization sensor that measures lightning current waveforms from DC to over several Megahertz, and has dynamic range covering hundreds-of-volts to tens-of-thousands-of-volts. A study of the electromagnetic emission spectrum of lightning (including radio wave, microwave, optical, X-Rays and Gamma-Rays), and a compilation of aircraft transfer-function data (including composite aircraft) are included, to aid in the development of other new lightning environment sensors, their placement on-board research aircraft, and triggering of the onboard instrumentation system. The instrumentation system will leverage recent advances in high-speed, high dynamic range, deep memory data acquisition equipment, and fiber-optic interconnect.

  6. Using Fly-By-Wire Technology in Future Models of the UH-60 and Other Rotary Wing Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solem, Courtney K.

    2011-01-01

    Several fixed-winged airplanes have successfully used fly-by-wire (FBW) technology for the last 40 years. This technology is now beginning to be incorporated into rotary wing aircraft. By using FBW technology, manufacturers are expecting to improve upon the weight, maintenance time and costs, handling and reliability of the aircraft. Before mass production of this new system begins in new models such as the UH-60MU, testing must be conducted to insure the safety of this technology as well as to reassure others it will be worth the time and money to make such a dramatic change to a perfectly functional machine. The RASCAL JUH-60A has been modified for these purposes. This Black Hawk helicopter has already been equipped with the FBW technology and can be configured as a near perfect representation of the UH-60MU. Because both machines have very similar qualities, the data collected from the RASCAL can be used to make future decisions about the UH-60MU. The U.S. Army AFDD Flight Project Office oversees all the design modifications for every hardware system used in the RASCAL aircraft. This project deals with specific designs and analyses of unique RASCAL aircraft subsystems and their modifications to conduct flight mechanics research.

  7. RA Reactor operation and maintenance (I-IX), Part IV, Task 3.08/04, Refurbishment of the RA reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume contains reports describing maintenance and repair work of the RA reactor instrumentation, equipment of the reactor dosimetry control system, and equipment for regulation and control systems

  8. Probabilistic approach to rationalization of plants maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since there are a lot of equipments in large plants, their safety and reliability cannot be kept as high level as designed without maintenance activities. Then preventive maintenance is intensively executed in some large plants. However, it will be inefficient to perform the preventive maintenance blindly. To make maintenance activities effective, it is essential to identify the critical equipments influencing plant safety and/or reliability and carry out the maintenance by focusing attentions on these equipments. It needs quantitative analyses to identify the critical equipments based on the data of failure rates. However, complete data set of failure rates cannot necessarily be available for some plants such as nuclear power plants. In this study, we carry out the reliability analysis for generic LNG plant and calculate various quantitative risk importance measures for each equipment. We propose rather qualitative representations for some quantitative measures, considering the situation without complete data set and conclude that it is possible to rationalize maintenance procedure by using these rather qualitative measures, though the level of rationalization is of course limited. (author)

  9. Exploration on optimizing maintenance management by using condition monitoring on drilling platforms in COSL

    OpenAIRE

    Guangyu, Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Taking a general investigation of maintenance activities in various industries, three maintenance philosophies are commonly applied, which are corrective maintenance, time-based periodic maintenance and condition-based predictive maintenance. Corrective maintenance which is implemented after breakdown of the equipment could lead to great losses in personnel safety, environment and assets. Therefore, the application and development on preventive maintenance – especially condition-base...

  10. Experience based reliability centered maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The systematic analysis and documentation of operating experiences should be included in a living NPP life management program. Failure mode and effects and maintenance effects analyses are suitable methods for analysis of the failure and corrective maintenance experiences of equipment. Combined use of the information on occurred functional failures and the decision tree logic of the reliability centered maintenance identifies applicable and effective preventive maintenance tasks of equipment in an old plant. In this study the electrical motor drives of closing and isolation valves (MOV) of TVO and Loviisa nuclear power plants were selected to serve as pilot study objects. The study was limited to valve drives having actuators manufactured by AUMA in Germany. The fault and maintenance history of MOVs from 1981 up to and including October 1991 in different safety and process systems at TVO 1 and 2 nuclear power units was at first analyzed in a systematic way. The scope of the components studied was 81 MOVs in safety-related systems and 127 other MOVs per each TVO unit. In the case of the Loviisa plant, the observation period was limited to three years, i.e. from February 1989 up to February 1992. The scope of the Loviisa 1 and 2 components studied was 44 respectively 95 MOVs. (25 refs., 22 figs., 8 tabs.)

  11. TPX remote maintenance and shielding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Tokamak Physics Experiment machine design incorporates comprehensive planning for efficient and safe component maintenance. Three programmatic decisions have been made to insure the successful implementation of this objective. First, the tokamak incorporates radiation shielding to reduce activation of components and limit the dose rate to personnel working on the outside of the machine. This allows most of the ex-vessel equipment to be maintained through conventional ''hands-on'' procedures. Second, to the maximum extent possible, low activation materials will be used inside the shielding volume. This resulted in the selection of Titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) for the vacuum vessel and PFC structures. The third decision stipulated that the primary in-vessel components will be replaced or repaired via remote maintenance tools specifically provided for the task. The component designers have been given the responsibility of incorporating maintenance design and for proving the maintainability of the design concepts in full-scale mockup tests prior to the initiation of final fabrication. Remote maintenance of the TPX machine is facilitated by general purpose tools provided by a special purpose design team. Major tools will include an in-vessel transporter, a vessel transfer system and a large component transfer container. In addition, tools such as manipulators and remotely operable impact wrenches will be made available to the component designers by this group. Maintenance systems will also provide the necessary controls for this equipment

  12. TPX remote maintenance and shielding

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX) machine design incorporates comprehensive planning for efficient and safe component maintenance. Three programmatic decisions have been made to insure the successful implementation of this objective. First, the tokamak incorporates radiation shielding to reduce activation of components and limit the dose rate to personnel working on the outside of the machine. This allows most of the ex-vessel equipment to be maintained through conventional open-quotes hands-onclose quotes procedures. Second, to the maximum extent possible, low activation materials will be used inside the shielding volume. This resulted in the selection of Titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) for the vacuum vessel and Plasma Facing Components (PFC) structures. The third decision stipulated that the primary in-vessel components will be replaced or repaired via remote maintenance tools specifically provided for the task. The component designers have been given the responsibility of incorporating maintenance design and for proving the maintainability of the design concepts in full-scale mockup tests prior to the initiation of final fabrication. Remote maintenance of the TPX machine is facilitated by general purpose tools provided by a special purpose design team. Major tools will include an in-vessel transporter, a vessel transfer system and a large component transfer container. In addition, tools such as manipulators and remotely operable impact wrenches will be made available to the component designers by this group. Maintenance systems will also provide the necessary controls for this equipment

  13. Network maintenance

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    A site-wide network maintenance operation has been scheduled for Saturday 28 February. Most of the network devices of the general purpose network will be upgraded to a newer software version, in order to improve our network monitoring capabilities. This will result in a series of short (2-5 minutes) random interruptions everywhere on the CERN sites throughout the day. This upgrade will not affect the Computer Centre itself, Building 613, the Technical Network and the LHC experiments, dedicated networks at the pits. For further details of this intervention, please contact Netops by phone 74927 or e-mail mailto:Netops@cern.ch. IT/CS Group

  14. Network maintenance

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    A site wide network maintenance has been scheduled for Saturday 28 February. Most of the network devices of the General Purpose network will be upgraded to a newer software version, in order to improve our network monitoring capabilities. This will result in a series of short (2-5 minutes) random interruptions everywhere on the CERN sites along this day. This upgrade will not affect: the Computer centre itself, building 613, the Technical Network and the LHC experiments dedicated networks at the pits. Should you need more details on this intervention, please contact Netops by phone 74927 or email mailto:Netops@cern.ch. IT/CS Group

  15. Development of an optimized condition-based maintenance system by data fusion and reliability-centered maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance has gained in importance as a support function for ensuring equipment availability, quality products, on-time deliveries, and plant safety. Cost-effectiveness and accuracy are two basic criteria for good maintenance. Reducing maintenance cost can increase enterprise profit, while accurate maintenance action can sustain continuous and reliable operation of equipment. As instrumentation and information systems become cheaper and more reliable, condition-based maintenance becomes an important tool for running a plant or a factory. This paper presents a novel condition-based maintenance system that uses reliability-centered maintenance mechanism to optimize maintenance cost, and employs data fusion strategy for improving condition monitoring, health assessment, and prognostics. The proposed system is demonstrated by way of reasoning and case studies. The results show that optimized maintenance performance can be obtained with good generality.

  16. Application of IPE to assess maintenance at power

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents experiences gained as a result of using the Turkey Point individual plant examination to provide probabilistic insights for maintenance practices during power operation. Turkey Point units 3 and 4 occasionally face decisions on whether to take degraded but operable equipment out of service for preventive maintenance. One factor to consider is whether, over the long run, the increase in plant risk from operating with degraded equipment is greater than that from placing the equipment in preventive maintenance. In addition, the risk of taking various redundant components out of service while in a limiting condition of operation (LCO) is quantified to determine the risk impact of maintenance at LCO conditions

  17. Strategic Maintenance Management in Lean Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Rastegari, Ali

    2012-01-01

    In recent decades, by introducing the concept of lean production within manufacturing companies the vulnerability to system disturbances has increased and so, the demand for dependable production equipment. The need for having high production equipment availability causes companies to have a more effective and efficient maintenance strategy in order to reach a competitive production system. Despite the increasing demand on reliable production equipment, few manufacturing companies work with s...

  18. Hitachi's maintenance technologies for nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abstract of high maintenance technologies for nuclear power plants, the technologies for new inspection system, maintenance of in-core instruments and piping, and technologies for high output power of plants are stated. The high maintenance technologies aim at long-term stable operation, increase of capacity factor, and decrease of exposure. Some examples of maintenance technologies of in-core equipments and primary loop recirculation (PLR) piping such as stress improvement and repair work are explained. Hydrogen water chemistry (HWC) and noble metal chemical addition (NMCA) for corrosion are described. Abstract of maintenance technologies, execution of water jet peening (WJP), outline of equipments of induction heating stress improvement (IHSI), the outside appearance of remote operation vehicle (ROV), advanced vortex nozzle (AVN), continuous cover blade (CCB), combined intermediate valve (CIV), moisture separator and heater (MSH), and evaluation examples of high output power of plants are illustrated. (S.Y.)

  19. NWCF maintenance features and capabilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A New Waste Calcining Facility is being built at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant to replace the existing Waste Calcining Facility which was built to demonstrate fluidized-bed solidification of highly radioactive liquid wastes. The new facility is being designed to provide a higher waste throughput, more corrosion resistant materials of construction, more effective cleanup of effluent streams, and extensive remote maintenance and equipment replacement capability. The facility will also contain extensive decontamination capability should contact maintenance become necessary. The facility is presently in construction and is scheduled for hot operation in 1980

  20. Maintenance at Gentilly 2 in the age of total quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The station's maintenance policy aims at ensuring equipment availability through a management process seeking to balance resources and requirements. This policy has led to the implementation of a comprehensive preventive maintenance program. To improve overall performance to an annual availability factor of 90%, planned outages must be limited to 21 days a year, and the preventive maintenance program must be upgraded

  1. ANALYSIS OF MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR SYSTEMS IN LIVESTOCK

    OpenAIRE

    KOVALEV L.I.; I.L. Kovalev

    2015-01-01

    In article the analysis of various systems of technical service is carried out and a number of tasks of improvement of the organization of maintenance and repair on livestock farms and complexes in modern conditions of the market is defined. Efficiency of practical application of system of scheduled preventive maintenance and maintenance of cars and the equipment of animal husbandry locates.

  2. Analysis of maintenance and repair systems in livestock production

    OpenAIRE

    KOVALEV L.I.; I.L. Kovalev

    2015-01-01

    In article the analysis of various systems of technical service is carried out and a number of tasks of improvement of the organization of maintenance and repair on livestock farms and complexes in modern conditions of the market is defined. Efficiency of practical application of system of scheduled preventive maintenance and maintenance of cars and the equipment of animal husbandry locates.

  3. Enhancement of equipment services for Kozloduy NPP

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Conclusion After 5 years of maintenance services, KNPP and AREVA have continuously intensified their partnership Close cooperation between KNPP, AREVA Local Office Engineers and OEM experts Involvement of sophisticated tools for diagnostics and condition monitoring Performance of engineering services and obsolescence evaluation Possibilities to perform equipment modernization of Electrical and IC equipment in future

  4. Reliability Centered Maintenance in Schedule Improvement of Automotive Assembly Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Rizauddin Ramli; Mohammad Nizam Arffin

    2012-01-01

    Problem statement: Today, in many automotive manufacturing companies, maintenance management is an important factor to maintain the plant operation and production equipments. Approach: In this study, we present an implementation of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) practice in one of the automotive manufacturing company in Malaysia. The RCM practice was used to assist the company in focusing their maintenance activities based on the criticalities of the equipments by applying the Failure...

  5. Research on an Intelligent Maintenance Decision-making Support System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Ming-zhong; HUANG Jin-guo; ZANG Tie-gang

    2004-01-01

    A new synthetic model of maintenance decision-making,which is made by an artificial neural network(ANN),expert system(ES)and emulation technology,is put forward.By means of this model all kinds of maintenance resources with low cost can be effectively harmonized; accordingly,the reliability,maintenance efficiency and quality of equipment can be improved,so service life of equipments is enhanced.

  6. Small Aircraft Transportation System, Higher Volume Operations Concept: Normal Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Terence S.; Jones, Kenneth M.; Consiglio, Maria C.; Williams, Daniel M.; Adams, Catherine A.

    2004-01-01

    This document defines the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS), Higher Volume Operations (HVO) concept for normal conditions. In this concept, a block of airspace would be established around designated non-towered, non-radar airports during periods of poor weather. Within this new airspace, pilots would take responsibility for separation assurance between their aircraft and other similarly equipped aircraft. Using onboard equipment and procedures, they would then approach and land at the airport. Departures would be handled in a similar fashion. The details for this operational concept are provided in this document.

  7. Formulação estratégica da manutenção industrial com base na confiabilidade dos equipamentos Strategic formulation of industrial maintenance supported by equipment's reliability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Afonso Sellitto

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho relata o uso da confiabilidade e da manutenibilidade na formulação de estratégias de manutenção industrial. O método utilizado foi o estudo de dois casos. Inicia-se revisando conceitos ligados a variáveis e processos aleatórios como base para definir conceitos e características de estudos de confiabilidade e de modelagem aplicados na gestão da manutenção industrial. A seguir se descrevem os casos estudados, em que se aplicam técnicas de modelagem de tempos até a falha e até o reparo no estabelecimento de estratégias de manutenção em fábricas do setor metal-mecânico. Com base nos resultados, discute-se o caso, estabelecendo condições para o uso da confiabilidade na formulação estratégica da manutenção, principalmente quanto ao sistema de informações necessárias.This paper reports the use of reliability and maintainability assessments in the strategic formulation of industrial maintenance. The method was a double case study. The paper begins by a theoretical review of related concepts of stochastic variables and processes as a basis to address concepts and features from reliability studies and modeling, suited to use in managing the industrial maintenance. One then describes the two studied cases, in which the reliability techniques were applied, in modeling the times to failure and times to the repair for the sake of settling the strategic formulation of industrial maintenance in metal-mechanic plants. Supported by results, this paper discusses the cases, arising requirements to the use of the reliability, mainly related to the information system.

  8. Augmented reality application utility for aviation maintenance work instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pourcho, John Bryan

    Current aviation maintenance work instructions do not display information effectively enough to prevent costly errors and safety concerns. Aircraft are complex assemblies of highly interrelated components that confound troubleshooting and can make the maintenance procedure difficult (Drury & Gramopadhye, 2001). The sophisticated nature of aircraft maintenance necessitates a revolutionized training intervention for aviation maintenance technicians (United States General Accounting Office, 2003). Quite simply, the paper based job task cards fall short of offering rapid access to technical data and the system or component visualization necessary for working on complex integrated aircraft systems. Possible solutions to this problem include upgraded standards for paper based task cards and the use of integrated 3D product definition used on various mobile platforms (Ropp, Thomas, Lee, Broyles, Lewin, Andreychek, & Nicol, 2013). Previous studies have shown that incorporation of 3D graphics in work instructions allow the user to more efficiently and accurately interpret maintenance information (Jackson & Batstone, 2008). For aircraft maintenance workers, the use of mobile 3D model-based task cards could make current paper task card standards obsolete with their ability to deliver relevant, synchronized information to and from the hangar. Unlike previous versions of 3D model-based definition task cards and paper task cards, which are currently used in the maintenance industry, 3D model based definition task cards have the potential to be more mobile and accessible. Utilizing augmented reality applications on mobile devices to seamlessly deliver 3D product definition on mobile devices could increase the efficiency, accuracy, and reduce the mental workload for technicians when performing maintenance tasks (Macchiarella, 2004). This proposal will serve as a literary review of the aviation maintenance industry, the spatial ability of maintenance technicians, and benefits of

  9. Propulsion controlled aircraft computer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cogan, Bruce R. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A low-cost, easily retrofit Propulsion Controlled Aircraft (PCA) system for use on a wide range of commercial and military aircraft consists of an propulsion controlled aircraft computer that reads in aircraft data including aircraft state, pilot commands and other related data, calculates aircraft throttle position for a given maneuver commanded by the pilot, and then displays both current and calculated throttle position on a cockpit display to show the pilot where to move throttles to achieve the commanded maneuver, or is automatically sent digitally to command the engines directly.

  10. Value-leverage by Aerospace Original Equipment Manufacturers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beelaerts van Blokland, W.W.A.

    2010-01-01

    With the creation of new aircraft products; Embraer E-170/190, Dassault 7X, Airbus A380 and Boeing B787, aerospace original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) involve suppliers not only with the co-production of aircraft sub systems, but also with the entire development of sub systems, like fuselage and

  11. Small Aircraft Transportation System Higher Volume Operations Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbott, Terence S.; Consiglio, Maria C.; Baxley, Brian T.; Williams, Daniel M.; Jones, Kenneth M.; Adams, Catherine A.

    2006-01-01

    This document defines the Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS) Higher Volume Operations concept. The general philosophy underlying this concept is the establishment of a newly defined area of flight operations called a Self-Controlled Area (SCA). Within the SCA, pilots would take responsibility for separation assurance between their aircraft and other similarly equipped aircraft. This document also provides details for a number of off-nominal and emergency procedures which address situations that could be expected to occur in a future SCA. The details for this operational concept along with a description of candidate aircraft systems to support this concept are provided.

  12. Equipment Performance Monitoring in NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Equipment performance monitoring is program used to detect problems and equipment degrading performance. Performance monitoring activities include collection and analysis of performance data, trends and history performance (failures); analysis of predictive monitoring information, and overall reviews and analyses of performance data to determine equipment operability and availability. System Health Report is a tool that management can use to quickly assess how selected systems are performing, to determine where additional management attention are required and to determine if appropriate corrective actions are established. 10 CFR 50.65, Requirements for monitoring the effectiveness of maintenance at nuclear power plants (Maintenance Rule MR) requires the NPPs to monitor the performance of selected important Structures Systems and Components (SSC) against established goals to provide reasonable assurance that the SSC will be capable of performing its design function. Maintenance Rule is a risk informed and performance based rule and requires risk assessment when scheduling maintenance.(author)

  13. RCM (Reliability Centered Maintenance) og WCM (World Class Maintenance)

    OpenAIRE

    Pedersen, Tom Ivar

    2011-01-01

    More complex and integrated equipment and the introduction of manufacturing philosophies like lean, with the reduction of buffers of inventory, has made the production environment more interconnected than before. This “have clearly put more pressure on the maintenance system, because disruption to production flows can quickly become costly by rapid disruption a large part of the operation” (Márquez, 2007, s. 12). To meet this challenges systematic techniques for the development of programmers...

  14. PORTFOLIO OF POTENTIAL STRATEGIES IN AERONAUTIC MAINTENANCE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EADS divisions aim more and more at developing services associated to their platforms. EADS divisions, like Airbus and Eurocopter, are investigating on services associated to their platforms in order to add them value. One possible service consists in structural maintenance operation assistance, especially for NDT operations performed by the customer. EADS Innovation Works envisages three different and complementary enhanced structural maintenance categories. Enhanced NDT improves standard NDT operation environment. This is made possible by the existence of 'smart' NDT tools that are computer based and therefore able to support other functions. These functions range from local smart data processing and display to remote expert assisted operation. Passive Sensor Network relies on sensors permanently installed on aircraft structure. Interrogation of sensors is performed on ground and off line (while structure is not loaded except by its own weight). It can be done at arbitrary times in order to determine structure health. The aim is to give easy access to some hidden ''hot spots,'' to reduce human factor in structure health assessment and optimize maintenance. Structural Health Monitoring goes a step beyond Passive Sensor Network, because interrogation units are on board the aircraft and may be connected to aircraft network. It allows to use on-line techniques such as adapted acoustic emission and to automatically raise an alarm when a defect appears in the structure. This paper presents these different ways of improving structural maintenance operations in service, with their respective advantages and limitations.

  15. Ophthalmic equipment survey 2010: preliminary results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel D

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The delivery of ophthalmic services at all levels is completely dependent on equipment: from the simple torch light to the highly sophisticated equipment used for diagnosis and treatment.In order to achieve the aims of VISON 2020: The Right to Sight and eliminate avoidable blindness by the year 2020, it is not enough to have the right equipment available at all levels of service delivery; there has to be a good maintenance and repair support service.The purpose of this equipment survey (commissioned by this journal was to obtain an overview of the key issues and challenges faced by eye health providers with regard to their equipment.

  16. Solar Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    A medical refrigeration and a water pump both powered by solar cells that convert sunlight directly into electricity are among the line of solar powered equipment manufactured by IUS (Independent Utility Systems) for use in areas where conventional power is not available. IUS benefited from NASA technology incorporated in the solar panel design and from assistance provided by Kerr Industrial Applications Center.

  17. 基于Android的医疗设备无线数据采集与维护系统的设计%Design of Wireless Data Acquisition and Maintenance System for Medical Equipment based on Android

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俸皓; 陈俊彦; 牛旭

    2015-01-01

    为了提高医疗设备数据采集与维护的效率,设计了基于Android终端的数据采集系统.终端可通过低功耗蓝牙对医疗设备实施数据采集、参数设置和维护操作,采集得到的数据可在终端上进行暂存和统计分析管理,并可通过移动互联网上传至服务器.以血液细胞分析仪的数据采集为实际背景实现了本系统,测试和部署结果表明,本设计能够满足应用需求.%To improve the efficiency of data acquisition and maintenance of medical devices, the data acquisition system has been designed based on Android terminal. This kind of terminal can do data acquisition, parameter configuration and maintenance on the medical device by low power consumption bluetooth. The collected data could be temporarily restored for statistical analysis and management on the terminal, finally it will be transferred to the server through mobile Internet. We implement the system based on the data collected by blood cell analysis device, and the design can reach the practical requirement.

  18. Database on aircraft accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Reactor Safety Subcommittee in the Nuclear Safety and Preservation Committee published the report 'The criteria on assessment of probability of aircraft crash into light water reactor facilities' as the standard method for evaluating probability of aircraft crash into nuclear reactor facilities in July 2002. In response to the report, Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization has been collecting open information on aircraft accidents of commercial airplanes, self-defense force (SDF) airplanes and US force airplanes every year since 2003, sorting out them and developing the database of aircraft accidents for latest 20 years to evaluate probability of aircraft crash into nuclear reactor facilities. This year, the database was revised by adding aircraft accidents in 2010 to the existing database and deleting aircraft accidents in 1991 from it, resulting in development of the revised 2011 database for latest 20 years from 1991 to 2010. Furthermore, the flight information on commercial aircrafts was also collected to develop the flight database for latest 20 years from 1991 to 2010 to evaluate probability of aircraft crash into reactor facilities. The method for developing the database of aircraft accidents to evaluate probability of aircraft crash into reactor facilities is based on the report 'The criteria on assessment of probability of aircraft crash into light water reactor facilities' described above. The 2011 revised database for latest 20 years from 1991 to 2010 shows the followings. The trend of the 2011 database changes little as compared to the last year's one. (1) The data of commercial aircraft accidents is based on 'Aircraft accident investigation reports of Japan transport safety board' of Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 4 large fixed-wing aircraft accidents, 58 small fixed-wing aircraft accidents, 5 large bladed aircraft accidents and 114 small bladed aircraft accidents occurred. The relevant accidents for evaluating

  19. Mine railway equipments management information system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, X.; Han, K.; Duan, T.; Liu, Z.; Lu, H. [China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China)

    2007-06-15

    Based on client/server and browser/server models, the management information system described realized the entire life-cycle management of mine railway equipment which included universal equipment and special equipment in the locomotive depot, track maintenance division, electrical depot and car depot. The system has other online functions such as transmitting reports, graphics management, statistics, searches, graphics wizard and web propaganda. It was applied in Pingdingshan Coal Co. Ltd.'s Railway Transport Department. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  20. Mining truck scheduling with stochastic maintenance cost

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Erkan TOPAL; Salih RAMAZAN

    2012-01-01

    Open pit mining operations utilize large scale and expensive equipment.For the mines implementing shovel and truck operation system,trucks constitute a large portion of these equipment and are used for hauling the mined materials.In order to have sustainable and viable operation,these equipment need to be utilized efficiently with minimum operating cost.Maintenance cost is a significant proportion of the overall operating costs.The maintenance cost of a truck changes non-linearly depending on the type,age and truck types.A new approach based on stochastic integer programming (SIP) techniques is used for annually scheduling a fixed fleet of mining trucks in a given operation,over the life of mine (multi-year time horizon) to minimize maintenance cost.The maintenance cost data in mining usually has uncertainty caused from the variability of the operational conditions at mines.To estimate the cost,usually historic data from different operations for new mines,and/or the historic data at the operating mines are used.However,maintenance cost varies depending on road conditions,age of equipment and many other local conditions at an operation.Traditional models aim to estimate the maintenance cost as a deterministic single value and financial evaluations are based on the estimated value.However,it does not provide a confidence on the estimate.The proposed model in this study assumes the truck maintenance cost is a stochastic parameter due to the significant level of uncertainty in the data and schedules the available fleet to meet the annual production targets.The scheduling has been performed by applying both the proposed stochastic and deterministic approaches.The approach provides a distribution for the maintenance cost of the optimized equipment schedule minimizing the cost.

  1. Condition-based maintenance at Duke Power: Lessons learned. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The optimization of preventive maintenance (PM) programs in the nuclear power industry has been achieved through the application of reliability-centered maintenance (RCM). Utility PM programs are mainly composed of time-directed maintenance tasks that can be made more cost-effective by replacing tasks with those based on equipment condition, i.e., condition-based tasks. Equipment condition diagnostic techniques, such as vibration monitoring, thermography, and ferrography, are descriptions of predictive maintenance (PdM) technologies used to determine an equipment's condition. This report provides a description of how Duke Power improved their use of equipment condition information, promoting the integration of their predictive and preventive maintenance programs

  2. Maintenance and Operations study for K basins sludge treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study evaluates maintenance and operating concepts for the chemical treatment of sludge from the 100 K Basins at Hanford. The sludge treatment equipment that will require remote operation or maintenance was identified. Then various maintenance and operating concepts used in the nuclear industry were evaluated for applicability to sludge treatment. A hot cell or cells is recommended as the best maintenance and operating concept for a sludge treatment facility

  3. Maintenance in a contractor organization:a practical approach

    OpenAIRE

    Haddad, Fadi M.

    1989-01-01

    A model for optimizing the assignment of maintenance actions for a piece of equipment is developed in the thesis. The model considers the detectability and the criticality of component failure in order to assign a maintenance instruction. The thesis also develops the framework for an integrated maintenance management system. The system consists of three modules. The first module is work control. It is used to prepare, schedule, and insure the execution of maintenance instructio...

  4. Maintenance of nuclear medicine instruments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maintenance of instruments is generally of two kinds: (a) corrective maintenance, on a non-scheduled basis, to restore equipment to a functional status by repairs; (b) preventive maintenance, to keep equipment in a specified functional condition by providing systematic inspection, quality control, detection and correction of early malfunctions. Most of the instruments used in nuclear medicine are rather complex systems built from mechanical, electrical and electronic parts. Any one of these components is liable to fail at some time or other. Repair could be done only by a specialist who is able to evaluate the condition of the various parts ranging from cables to connectors, from scintillators to photomultipliers, from microprocessors to microswitches. The knowledge of the intricacies of the various electronic components required for their repairs is quite wide and varied. The electronics industry turns out more and more multi-purpose chips which can carry out the functions of many parts used in the instruments of the earlier generation. This provides protection against unauthorized copying of the circuits but it serves another purpose as well of inhibiting repairs by non-factory personnel. These trends of the instrument design should be taken into consideration when a policy has to be developed for the repairs of the hospital based equipment

  5. Airline experience with reliability-centered maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reliability-Centered Maintenance is a process for developing preventive maintenance programs. Its concepts evolved from the post WWII experience of the airline community. Its genesis was in a paper by F. Stanley Nowlan and Thomas D. Matteson of United Airlines for the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics in 1967. Its first application was to the Boeing 747. It has subsequently been adopted by the FAA and the Department of Defense and applied to many new transport and military aircraft. Its objective is applicable and effective preventive maintenance and it has proven to be a highly effective replacement for the prior intuitive processes for selective preventive maintenance tasks. It focuses on system functions, functional failures, then dominant failure modes and effects. It then uses a decision tree to classify failure criticality and identify applicable and effective tasks. The result is a program focused on maintaining inherent safety and reliability at minimum cost. (orig.)

  6. 14 CFR 125.355 - Airplane equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airplane equipment. 125.355 Section 125.355...: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR MORE PASSENGERS OR A MAXIMUM PAYLOAD CAPACITY OF 6,000 POUNDS OR MORE; AND RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Flight Release Rules § 125.355...

  7. RAM analysis of mining equipment and framework for data collection

    OpenAIRE

    Sneve, Terje

    2015-01-01

    In the mining industry, equipment are continuously increasing in size and complexity. At the same time, the demand for available plants and continuous production has never been higher. The performance of equipment depends on the reliability and maintainability performance of the equipment along with the maintenance supportability, operational conditions, and environmental conditions. In order to improve plant availability, fully utilize equipment performance, avoid equipment breakdowns and op...

  8. Mine maintenance - the cost of operation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kreilis, O.; Singleton, T. [Southern Engineering Services (Australia)

    1998-12-31

    Increasing world competition puts pressure on sales volumes and prices. This in turn reduces potential profit margins. This in turn increases the focus on costs. Increasing demands on quality and service puts pressure on delivery performance - the right product at the right time. This in turn reduces the scope for errors and delays - and this in turn increases focus on equipment reliability. In the mining industry, both costs and equipment reliability have one significant thing in common - they are driven substantially by maintenance. Maintenance, once the Cinderella of the boardroom is a pivotal function and demands management attention and, if managed well, can be a source of competitive advantage. They made the decision to put maintenance high on their agendas because they realised that good maintenance is a vital factor in achieving excellence. Maintenance, because of its impact on return on capital, is a key driver of performance. By reducing maintenance costs, companies can improve their performance. Top managers are increasingly recognising that maintenance is an area in which they must be involved. As Australian mining and metallurgical companies look to the year 2000 and beyond, maintenance will become an increasingly strategic function, capable of delivering sustainable competitive advantage to those companies that get it right. 7 refs., 5 figs.

  9. Maintenance experience at Rajasthan atomic power station

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Rajasthan Atomic Power Station is a twin-unit station of the CANDU-PHW type with a nominal rating of 200 MW(e) net per unit and on-power refuelling capability. Unit-I became critical in August 1972 and was declared commercial in December 1973. Unit-II is in an advanced stage of construction. Maintenance and repairs of both the nuclear and conventional equipment are done during routine planning, breakdown outages, poison shutdown outages and planned annual shutdown periods. Yearly, a period of three to four weeks may be needed for carrying out major inspection and maintenance activity on large equipment such as the steam turbine, generator, main condenser, station transformer, primary coolant recirculation pumps, moderator pumps and fuelling machines. Preventive maintenance jobs are planned and executed in accessible areas daily as a matter of routine and during poison shutdown outages in inaccessible areas. This requires that the maintenance crews be more or less continually on the alert. In addition to gamma radiation, radiation doses due to tritium are encountered and pose special problems for the maintenance personnel. During the past two years (1972-74) it was found that there is a need, in the maintenance crews, for more specialists for various radioactive and conventional jobs. This paper outlines the significant nuclear and conventional maintenance activities as well as problems in maintenance encountered during the period 1972-74. (author)

  10. Challenges and Opportunities with Refurbished/Second Hand Equipment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The issues related to the transfer (via purchase or donation) of second hand equipment (mainly, but not exclusively, from industrialized to developing countries) and the problems associated with its use and sustainability are explored. Emphasis is placed on the needs of the recipient facility; the provision of tools, accessories, spare parts and manuals; the arrangements for acceptance testing, commissioning and maintenance of the equipment; and the training of staff and service technicians regarding equipment operation and maintenance. (author)

  11. TOTAL PRODUCTIVE MAINTENANCE, A CENTRAL PREOCCUPATION OF THE MANAGERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela POPESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This present study demonstrates that the role of the mangers in the productive maintenance is currently becoming more important. This assessment is formulated starting from the daily realities regarding the growth of the proportions of productions and along with these the growth of the volume of equipments which need a better care and maintenance for a proper operation. The productive maintenance has developed and emerged out of this necessity. Therefore, the productive maintenance in the economic theory represents the maintenance of the equipments and fabric at the highest productive level by cooperating with all departments related to production. This aspect points out that the maintenance and repair works of the equipments have to be the main preoccupation of the personnel and especially of the managers.

  12. The maintenance management for lean organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel D. GEORGESCU

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of lean maintenance approach is to maintain organization international competitiveness. In the spirit of continuously improvement, in the paper it is shown how by adjusting some Lean manufacturing specific techniques for Total Productive Maintenance (TPM system, was born new maintenance system named Lean TPM. This is a systemic approach with three techniques, which don’t exclude specific techniques of TPM pillars, but complete them: the 7Ss as a critical first step in any improvement program; instantaneous maintenance; improvement setup operations. In the spirit of Lean principle, Lean TPM adjusts overall equipment effectiveness concept for all supply-chain from supplier to customer. Maintaining equipment in its optimal state and continually improving its productivity is the whole strategy behind Lean TPM.

  13. EMMA: The expert system for munition maintenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullins, Barry E.

    1988-01-01

    Expert Missile Maintenance Aid (EMMA) is a first attempt to enhance maintenance of the tactical munition at the field and depot level by using artificial intelligence (AI) techniques. The ultimate goal of EMMA is to help a novice maintenance technician isolate and diagnose electronic, electromechanical, and mechanical equipment faults to the board/chassis level more quickly and consistently than the best human expert using the best currently available automatic test equipment (ATE). To this end, EMMA augments existing ATE with an expert system that captures the knowledge of design and maintenance experts. The EMMA program is described, including the evaluation of field-level expert system prototypes, the description of several study tasks performed during EMMA, and future plans for a follow-on program. This paper will briefly address several study tasks performed during EMMA. The paper concludes with a discussion of future plans for a follow-on program and other areas of concern.

  14. Maintenance evaluation for space station liquid systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flugel, Charles

    1987-01-01

    Many of the thermal and environmental control life support subsystems as well as other subsystems of the space station utilize various liquids and contain components which are either expendables or are life-limited in some way. Since the space station has a 20-year minimum orbital lifetime requirement, there will also be random failures occurring within the various liquid-containing subsystems. These factors as well as the planned space station build-up sequence require that maintenance concepts be developed prior to the design phase. This applies to the equipment which needs maintenance as well as the equipment which may be required at a maintenance work station within the space station. This paper presents several maintenance concepts for liquid-containing items and a flight experiment program which would allow for evaluation and improvement of these concepts so they can be incorporated in the space station designs at the outset of its design phase.

  15. Analysis of the possibility of applying a condition-based maintenance model on an example of tank weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor J. Epler

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available For any modern army it is very important to continuously maintain a high degree of operational (combat readiness (availability in order to maximize the effectiveness of the use of technical systems. Since determination and prediction of technical states and failures of technical systems in engineering, especially in armament, are difficult due to the impossibility of continuous condition monitoring with appropriate measuring equipment there is a need for a maintenance model that would be most helpful in taking timely action maintenance. In this paper, the subject of research is a model of maintenance of the M-84 tank  weapoons systems.   IntroductionThe M-84 tank is one of the most promising technical systems in the Serbian Army. Its use and modifications are foreseen in the next ten years. The  M-84 is characterized by good tactical and technical characteristics. It has a powerful 125 mm cannon, coupled 7.62 mm machine gun and 12.7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun. The M-84 tank has an automatic battery charger and a fire control system. The fire control system enables fast target tracking and stabilization of the cannon barrel, which is a prerequisite for timely and favorable effect on the target. There are certain ambiguities in the existing model of maintenance of tank weapons.   Technical diagnostics Technical diagnostics, as a part of the process of condition-based maintenance, should determine technical conditions of components or technical systems with certain accuracy at a point in time.   Maintenance strategy A maintenance strategy can be defined as a variant of a maintenance system determined by a concept, organization and character of maintenance procedures, as well as the relationship between the various levels at which maintenance is performed. It is defined for technical system parts, individual technical systems and for system maintenance as a whole. The basic maintenance strategies implemented today are: -      corrective

  16. Reliability analyses used by maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rusek, S.; Gono, R.; Kral, V.; Kratky, M. [VSB Technical Univ. of Ostrava, Poruba (Czech Republic)

    2008-07-01

    A series of studies have been conducted to analyze failures that have been experienced by most power distribution companies in the Czech Republic and in one of the Slovak Republics. The purpose was to find ways to optimize the maintenance of distribution network devices. Data was compiled to enable a comparison of results and to create a statistically more important database. Since the number of failures in the area of electrical power engineering have been rather small, the results on element reliability will only be available in several more years to come. The main challenge with reliability analysis is to find reliable and updated input data. As such, the primary task is to change the existing structure of databases of power distribution companies. These databases must be adjusted to get the input data for the calculation functions of reliability centred maintenance (RCM). This paper described the programs designed for analyses of reliability indices and the optimization of maintenance of equipment of the distribution system that will provide basic data for responsible and logical decisions regarding maintenance and basic data for the preparation of an effective maintenance schedule and the creation of a feedback system. 7 refs., 4 figs.

  17. Applicability of maintenance tasks, creating and refining the preventive maintenance program in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main objective of a preventive maintenance program is to prevent or minimize equipment breakdown and to maintain equipment in a satisfactory condition for normal and/or emergency use. The document provides a method for enhancing an existing PM program to improve equipment reliability and availability while optimizing the use of availability resources. The method focuses on systematically identifying the failure modes of important components and systems and ensuring PM tasks or design changes are implemented to minimize those failures. Because the design and the design objectives of nuclear power plants have a strong influence on a maintenance program, its development should be initiated sufficiently early in the design phase. Plants are encouraged to replace periodic (time-directed) PM tasks with applicable and effective predictive maintenance (condition-monitoring and failure-finding) tasks. The maintenance means monitoring, assessing and modifying the system in order to make the necessary and desired improvements .The activity of maintenance involves a process of postimplementation revision in order to ensure that the new implemented systems meet the objectives, requirements and performances previously established. The possible errors in developing and exploiting the system must be corrected through the process of maintenance. This document describes the elements necessary to enhance a preventive maintenance program and a proper balance among these types of activities should provide a high degree of confidence that station equipment degradation is identified and corrected, equipment life is optimized, and the maintenance program is cost effective. Preventive maintenance involves changes which reduce the chance of future system failure. This program and these actions can make a significant contribution to safe and reliable plant operation. (author)

  18. Maintenance concept development for the Compact Ignition Tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Compact Ignition Tokamak (CIT), located at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, will be the next major experimental machine in the US Fusion Program. Its use of deuterium-tritium (D-T) fuel requires the use of remote handling technology to carry out maintenance operations on the machine. These operations consist of removing and repairing such components as diagnostic equipment modules by using remotely operated maintenance equipment. The major equipment being developed for maintenance external to the vacuum vessel includes both bridge-mounted and floor-mounted manipulator systems. Additionally, decontamination (decon) equipment, hot cell repair facilities, and equipment for handling and packaging solid radioactive waste (rad-waste) are being developed. Recent design activities have focused on establishing maintenance system interfaces with the facility design, developing manipulator system requirements, and using mock-ups to support the tokamak configuration design. 3 refs., 8 figs

  19. Maintenance Business Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Matt

    2002-01-01

    Discusses maintenance business plans, statements which provide accountability for facilities maintenance organizations' considerable budgets. Discusses the plan's components: statement of plan objectives, macro and detailed description of the facility assets, maintenance function descriptions, description of key performance indicators, milestone…

  20. Remote handling equipment for SNS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report gives information on the areas of the SNS, facility which become highly radioactive preventing hands-on maintenance. Levels of activity are sufficiently high in the Target Station Area of the SNS, especially under fault conditions, to warrant reactor technology to be used in the design of the water, drainage and ventilation systems. These problems, together with the type of remote handling equipment required in the SNS, are discussed

  1. Maintenance system improvement in cast iron foundry

    OpenAIRE

    S. Kukla

    2011-01-01

    The work presents the issue of technical equipment management in an iron foundry basing on the assumptions of the TPM system (Total Productive Maintenance). Exploitation analysis of automatic casting lines has been carried out and their work’s influence on the whole production system’s functioning has been researched. Within maintenance system improvement, implementation of autonomic service and planned lines’ review have been proposed in order to minimize the time of breakdown stoppages. The...

  2. DYNAMIC RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF CARRIER-BASED AIRCRAFT DURING LANDING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段萍萍; 聂宏; 魏小辉

    2013-01-01

    In view of the complexity of landing on the deck of aircraft carrier ,a systematic model ,composed of six-degree-of-freedom mathematic model of carrier-based aircraft ,four-degree-of-freedom model of landing gears and six-degree-of-freedom mathematic model of carrier , is established in the Matlab-Simulink environment , with damping function of landing gears and dynamic characteristics of tires being considered .The model ,where the car-rier movement is introduced ,is applicable for any abnormal landing condition .Moreover ,the equations of motion and relevant parameter are also derived .The dynamic response of aircraft is calculated via the variable step-size Runge-Kuta algorithm .The effect of attitude angles of aircraft and carrier movement during the process of landing is illustrated in details .The analytical results can provide some reference for carrier-based aircraft design and main-tenance .

  3. Assessment of HYGAS mechanical equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albrecht, P.R.; Kramberger, F.E.; Recupero, R.M.; Verden, M.L.; Rees, K.

    1980-10-01

    The HYGAS process, which converts coal to substitute natural gas, is being developed by the Institute of Gas Technology (IGT) using an 80 ton per day pilot plant located in Chicago, Illinois. Plant design started in 1967 and testing began in October 1971. Since then, 18,000 tons of both Eastern and Western coal have been gasified. Assessment of the mechanical equipment was made by Mechanical Technology Incorporated (MTI) in collaboration with a DOE on-site representative and a representative from IGT, the operating contractor. Data for the assessment were obtained by reviewing all available maintenance records, by interviewing key personnel from maintenance and operations, and by observing repairs and maintenance procedures where possible. While operating the plant, a variety of equipment problems were addressed, many of which are generic to HYGAS as well as other coal conversion processes. Some problems were solved completely while others were solved to suit the limited needs of the pilot plant. Accordingly, the emphasis of this study is on the degree of success in dealing with equipment failures, the unresolved problems and the implication to future coal conversion plants.

  4. The market for airline aircraft: A study of process and performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    The key variables accounting for the nature, timing and magnitude of the equipment and re-equipment cycle are identified and discussed. Forecasts of aircraft purchases by U.S. trunk airlines over the next 10 years are included to examine the anatomy of equipment forecasts in a way that serves to illustrate how certain of these variables or determinants of aircraft demand can be considered in specific terms.

  5. 30 CFR 57.4561 - Stationary diesel equipment underground.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Stationary diesel equipment underground. 57... Fire Prevention and Control Installation/construction/maintenance § 57.4561 Stationary diesel equipment underground. Stationary diesel equipment underground shall be— (a) Supported on a noncombustible base; and...

  6. Protective equipment for the respiratory system and ventilated clothes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Protection against radioactive contamination in the nuclear industry is reviewed. Evolution of the equipment and future trends are described for each category of materials: filters, respiratory equipment and protective clothing against contamination, ventilated or not. Maintenance of protective equipment is mentioned

  7. Technical information report: Plasma melter operation, reliability, and maintenance analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides a technical report of operability, reliability, and maintenance of a plasma melter for low-level waste vitrification, in support of the Hanford Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Low-Level Waste (LLW) Vitrification Program. A process description is provided that minimizes maintenance and downtime and includes material and energy balances, equipment sizes and arrangement, startup/operation/maintence/shutdown cycle descriptions, and basis for scale-up to a 200 metric ton/day production facility. Operational requirements are provided including utilities, feeds, labor, and maintenance. Equipment reliability estimates and maintenance requirements are provided which includes a list of failure modes, responses, and consequences

  8. Ophthalmic equipment survey 2010: preliminary results

    OpenAIRE

    Patel D; Mercer E; Mason I.

    2010-01-01

    The delivery of ophthalmic services at all levels is completely dependent on equipment: from the simple torch light to the highly sophisticated equipment used for diagnosis and treatment.In order to achieve the aims of VISON 2020: The Right to Sight and eliminate avoidable blindness by the year 2020, it is not enough to have the right equipment available at all levels of service delivery; there has to be a good maintenance and repair support service.The purpose of this equipment survey (commi...

  9. Preventive Maintenance Optimization in Healthcare Domain: Status of Research and Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mahfoud

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Although medical equipment maintenance has been carefully managed for years, very few in-depth studies have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of these implemented preventive maintenance strategies, especially after the debate about the credibility of manufacturer’s recommendations has increased in the clinical engineering community. Facing the dilemma of merely following manufactures maintenance manual or establishing an evidence-based maintenance, medical equipment maintenance could have exploited an advanced area in operations research which is maintenance optimization research. In this paper, we review and examine carefully the status of application oriented research on preventive maintenance optimization of medical devices. This study addresses preventive healthcare maintenance with a focus on factors influencing the maintenance decision making. The analysis is structured by defining different aspects necessary to construct a maintenance optimization model. We conclusively propose directions to develop suitable tools for better healthcare maintenance management.

  10. Environmental favourable foundries through maintenance activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Saniuk

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Maintenance today contributes to the aim of sustainable development in society, including environmental and energy saving, safety and economical aspects. The main purpose of the paper is to present the role of maintenance in the realization of sustainable developing practices in a foundry industry. Maintenance offers numerous opportunities to reduce the influence of foundry processes on the natural environment and utilize resources more efficiently. Maintenance activities can help to reduce losses and thereby improve the efficiency of the processes used in the production of resources (e.g. raw materials, energy, etc., especially in areas such as: the choice of an appropriate strategy for the maintenance of machinery and equipment (e.g. reactive, preventive, proactive; inventory management of spare parts; lubrication management and management of technology media.

  11. Effective maintenance practices to manage system aging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For a variety of economic and technical reasons, there has been a growing concern with the aging of complex systems and components and the role that maintenance can play in reducing this degradation. A study for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission was recently undertaken to identify effective maintenance practices that could be adapted by the nuclear industry in the United States to assist in managing the aging degradation of plant systems and components. Four organizations were examined to assess the influence that their maintenance programs have on their ability to address the systems and component aging degradation issues. An effective maintenance program was found to be essential to the management of system and component aging. The four key elements of an effective maintenance program that are important to an aging management program were identified. These are: the selection of critical systems and components; the development of an understanding of aging through the collection and analysis of equipment performance information; the development of appropriate preventive and predictive maintenance tasks to manage equipment and system aging degradation; the use of feedback mechanisms to continuously improve the management of aging systems and components. These elements were found to be common to all four organizations. In examining how the four organizations have structured their maintenance programs to include these key elements provides valuable lessons not only for the nuclear power industry, but also for any industrial organization that is concerned with the management of system and component aging degradation. This document provides detail, of these studies

  12. Maintenance Implementation Plan for solid waste

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Maintenance Implementation Plan (MIP) has been developed for. implementation of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 4330.4A. Maintenance Implementation Program (DOE 1990) at the Hanford Site Solid Waste complex. It addresses maintenance functions associated with Solid Waste Management, which includes the field operational group and the facilities operational group. An assessment of the existing maintenance programs for Solid Waste was performed, and the results of this assessment were evaluated to determine corrective actions required to bring Solid Waste Maintenance into compliance with the order. The MIP assessment disclosed that most elements defined in the order are currently implemented for Solid Waste. It also identified issues which must be addressed to bring the maintenance function into full compliance with DOE Order 4330.4A. These include documentation of the maintenance training program, expanded scope of inspections to address the As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) concept, development of a Master Equipment List (MEL), and more adequate facilities to provide enhanced storage and control of tools and equipment

  13. An Aircraft Navigation System Fault Diagnosis Method Based on Optimized Neural Network Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jean-dedieu Weyepe

    2014-01-01

    Air data and inertial reference system (ADIRS) is one of the complex sub-system in the aircraft navigation system and it plays an important role into the flight safety of the aircraft. This paper propose an optimize neural network algorithm which is a combination of neural network and ant colony algorithm to improve efficiency of maintenance engineer job task.

  14. Investigating a persistent odor at an aircraft seat manufacturer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadwater, Kendra; de Perio, Marie A; Roberts, Jennifer; Burton, Nancy C; Lemons, Angela R; Green, Brett J; Brueck, Scott E

    2016-10-01

    An aircraft seat manufacturing company requested a NIOSH health hazard evaluation to help identify a strong odor that had persisted throughout the facility for over a year. Employees reported experiencing health effects thought to be related to the odor. We collected and analyzed area air samples for volatile organic compounds, endotoxin, bacterial and fungal metagenome, and metalworking fluid aerosol. Bulk metalworking fluid samples were analyzed for endotoxin, bacterial and fungal metagenome, and viable bacteria and fungus. We also evaluated the building ventilation systems and water diversion systems. Employees underwent confidential medical interviews about work practices, medical history, and health concerns. Based on our analyses, the odor was likely 2-methoxy-3,5-dimethylpyrazine. This pyrazine was found in air samples across the facility and originated from bacteria in the metalworking fluid. We did not identify bacteria known to produce the compound but bacteria from the same Proteobacteria order were found as well as bacteria from orders known to produce other pyrazines. Chemical and biological contaminants and odors could have contributed to health symptoms reported by employees, but it is likely that the symptoms were caused by several factors. We provided several recommendations to eliminate the odor including washing and disinfecting the metalworking machines and metalworking fluid recycling equipment, discarding all used metalworking fluid, instituting a metalworking fluid maintenance program at the site, and physically isolating the metalworking department from other departments. PMID:27494786

  15. Designing A Conventional Aircraft

    OpenAIRE

    Sonei, Arash

    2014-01-01

    This paper is explaining the important design phases of dimensioning an unmanned conventional aircraft from scratch and will also design one according to a few chosen requirements. The design phases discussed will be all from wing dimensioning to stability and spin recovery, aircraft performance requirements and how to select a motor which overcomes these. As well as the optimal rate of climb for improved efficiency is discussed. In the end an aircraft which manages the set requirements and i...

  16. Lightning effects on aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-01

    Direct and indirect effects of lightning on aircraft were examined in relation to aircraft design. Specific trends in design leading to more frequent lightning strikes were individually investigated. These trends included the increasing use of miniaturized, solid state components in aircraft electronics and electric power systems. A second trend studied was the increasing use of reinforced plastics and other nonconducting materials in place of aluminum skins, a practice that reduces the electromagnetic shielding furnished by a conductive skin.

  17. The Management of the Industrial Maintenance at an International Level (II)

    OpenAIRE

    Deac, Vasile; Gheorghe CARSTEA; Constantin BAGU; Florea PARVU

    2011-01-01

    When defining a maintenance policy, it must be held in mind the fact that there isn’t such a thing like “good maintenance policy” in itself; instead, for each industrial equipment should be adapted a particular maintenance method, coming to a technical-economic compromise through its products, through its market, its equipments, its people, the managers’ psychology, the organizational culture and, as a consequence, the industrial maintenance will be different. The present article will pursue ...

  18. The Management of the Industrial Maintenance at the International Level (I)

    OpenAIRE

    Deac, Vasile; Gheorghe CARSTEA; Constantin BAGU; Florea PARVU; Florica BADEA

    2011-01-01

    When defining a maintenance policy, it must be held in mind the fact that there isn’t such a thing like “good maintenance policy” in itself; instead, for each industrial equipment should be adapted a particular maintenance method, coming to a technical-economic compromise through its products, through its market, its equipments, its people, the managers’ psychology, the organizational culture and, as a consequence, the industrial maintenance will be different. The present article will pursue ...

  19. Reliability Centered Maintenance in Schedule Improvement of Automotive Assembly Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizauddin Ramli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Today, in many automotive manufacturing companies, maintenance management is an important factor to maintain the plant operation and production equipments. Approach: In this study, we present an implementation of Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM practice in one of the automotive manufacturing company in Malaysia. The RCM practice was used to assist the company in focusing their maintenance activities based on the criticalities of the equipments by applying the Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA. The implementation of RCM was carried out in 4 stages; preparation, system analysis, decision making and feedback. The aim of RCM was to reduce the number of maintenance checklist and to improve significantly the integrity of maintenance practice. Results: As a result, the new RCM framework was generated where Class A equipment was at the top of the monthly maintenance frequency priority, followed by Class B and Class C equipment which had lesser critical value. Conclusion: The new RCM framework is used to conduct visible guideline and propose a new maintenance schedule. The guideline is useful for future maintenance strategy improvement. After the implementation, it can be ascertained that our proposed RCM is useful in reducing maintenance personnel burden and this leads to improvement of productivity.

  20. A Situational Maintenance Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Luxhoj, James T.; Thorsteinsson, Uffe; Riis, Jens Ove

    1997-01-01

    An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance.......An overview of trend in maintenance management and presentation of a situational model and an analytical tools for identification of managerial efforts in maintenance....

  1. Systematic analysis of maintenance strategies of technical systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper describes an approach to evaluate and improve the effectiveness of the maintenance strategies of technical systems in operating power plants. In the Experience Based Reliability Centred Maintenance (EBRCM) approach, the analyses of the history of occurred faults and the preventive maintenance program are combined. Changes in the maintenance programs are proposed for reduction of faults or increasing the cost-efficiency of maintenance. The justification of changes is based on simple maintenance indicators and study of the underlying failure and maintenance data. To make the analysis resource-efficient and generate easily the maintenance indicators, suitable data analysis and warehouse tools are used. They facilitate the online access and treatment of the work orders and other planning information in plant information systems. In order to direct the analysis to the important items from maintenance point of view, the equipment of the plant are classified based on their importance for reaching the maintenance objectives such as plant safety, plant availability and worker protection. Maintenance optimisation is directed to those important equipment which exhibit a high number of failures. The other equipment of less maintenance importance, but which exhibit high preventive maintenance costs and low numbers of failures are also analysed to improve the cost-effectiveness of maintenance. After experiences from performing two case studies, both on a standby safety system and a continuously operating process system, Barsebdck Kraft AB adopted the experience based RCM approach as standard method for evaluation of the maintenance action programs and planning of modifications in them. The strength is the applicability and continuity of this method, i.e. each year again. (orig.)

  2. Scientific Equipment Division - Overview

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Scientific Equipment Division consists of the Design Group and the Mechanical Workshop. The activity of the Division includes the following: - designing of devices and equipment for experiments in physics, their mechanical construction and assembly. In particular, there are vacuum chambers and installations for HV and UHV; - maintenance and upgrading of the existing installations and equipment in our Institute; - participation of our engineers and technicians in design works, equipment assembly and maintenance for experiments in foreign laboratories. The Design Group is equipped with PC-computers and AutoCAD graphic software (release 2000 and Mechanical Desktop 4.0) and a AO plotter, what allows us to make drawings and 2- and 3-dimensional mechanical documentation to the world standards. The Mechanical Workshop can offer a wide range of machining and treatment methods with satisfactory tolerances and surface quality. It offers the following possibilities: - turning - cylindrical elements of a length up to 2000 mm and a diameter up to 400 mm, and also disc-type elements of a diameter up to 600 mm and a length not exceeding 300 mm; - milling - elements of length up to 1000 mm and gear wheels of diameter up to 300 mm; - grinding - flat surfaces of dimensions up to 300 mm x 1000 mm and cylindrical elements of a diameter up to 200 mm and a length up to 800 mm; - drilling - holes of a diameter up to 50 mm; - welding - electrical and gas welding, including TIG vacuum-tight welding; - soft and hard soldering; - mechanical works including precision engineering; - plastics treatment - machining and polishing using diamond milling, modelling, lamination of various shapes and materials, including plexiglas, scintillators and light-guides; - painting - paint spraying with possibility of using furnace-fred drier of internal dimensions of 800 mm x 800 mm x 800 mm. Our workshop posses CNC milling machine which can be used for machining of work-pieces up to 500 kg

  3. Maintenance and Condition-Based Maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING Jin-hua; WANG Xue-Jun; ZHOU Rong; LIN Min; Olsson Erland

    2005-01-01

    The evolution of maintenance management is briefly introduced in this paper, from corrective maintenance to preventive maintenance. First, a range of condition monitoring and fault diagnosis techniques developed in different industries are surveyed; Second, many methods of condition monitoring are presented; Third, mathematical methods used in condition monitoring are given; Then the merits and shortcomings are discussed.Efficient maintenance policies are of fundamental importance in system engineering because of their fallbacks into the safety and economics of plant operation. Applying condition-based maintenance to a system can reduce the cost and extend the availability of facilities. With the advent of personal computers as fast and cost effective machines for data acquisition and processing of multiple signals some shortcomings mentioned in condition monitoring could be solved or reduced to some extent. These PCs can be a solution as a condition monitoring based maintenance system.

  4. Structural design for aircraft impact loading

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The distribution of military aircraft and proximity to commercial air routes requires the analysis of aircraft impact effect on nuclear power plant facilities in Europe. The 'hardened-building' approach has led to the consideration of severe shock and vibration caused by the aircraft impact and development of corresponding floor response spectra for component design. The reactor auxiliary system building allows a more defensive alternate in the form of a partially softened design. In this approach the equipment layout is arranged such that equipment performing either safety functions or having the potential for significant release of radioctivity (upon destruction) is located in the central area of the plant and is enclosed in thick concrete walls for shielding and protection purposes. The non-safety class equipment is arranged in the area peripheral to the hardened central area and enclosed in thin concrete walls. Since the kinetic energy of the impacting aircraft is absorbed by the collapsed thin walls and ceilings, the vibrational effect on the safety class equipment is drastically reduced. In order to achieve the objective of absorbing high kinetic energy and yet reduce the shock and vibration effects, the softened exterior walls require low resistance and high ductility. In order not to increase the construction cost, and yet to assure the safety of the plant, some dynamic tests of conventionally reinforced slabs have to be performed all the way to collapse. These calculations have assumptions of achieving the maximum velocity instantaneously after impact, and take into account the kinetic energy in the broken wall. Nonlinear equations of motion are also formulated and solved. The results indicate that the phantom jet would go through the first wall. The second wall would stop the jet, but would sustain some permanent deformation and damage

  5. Maintenance robot for PWR plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The remote operation, automatic machines utilized in the field of the maintenance of component machinery and equipment in nuclear power plants, so-called maintenance robots, have produced effects in the reduction of radiation exposure, the improvement of the quality of working, the shortening of working time and so on, but still many robots have their specialized functions. The expectation of present day society to robots has been diversified, and the technical development of high function robots is advanced positively. In this report, the recent examples of the high function robots developed for PWR power stations with the support of technical progress and the trend of the technical development are explained. The needs and seeds of maintenance robot development are discussed. As the examples of heightening the functions of maintenance robots, the next generation ultrasonic testing machine highly advanced by sensor technology and size and weight reduction mechanism technology, the intelligent monitoring system for welding using AI technology and other manpower-saving robots are shown. (K.I.)

  6. Proteus aircraft over Las Cruces International Airport in New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The unique Proteus aircraft served as a test bed for NASA-sponsored flight tests designed to validate collision-avoidance technologies proposed for uninhabited aircraft. The tests, flown over southern New Mexico in March, 2002, used the Proteus as a surrogate uninhabited aerial vehicle (UAV) while three other aircraft flew toward the Proteus from various angles on simulated collision courses. Radio-based 'detect, see and avoid' equipment on the Proteus successfully detected the other aircraft and relayed that information to a remote pilot on the ground at Las Cruces Airport. The pilot then transmitted commands to the Proteus to maneuver it away from the potential collisions. The flight demonstration, sponsored by NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, New Mexico State University, Scaled Composites, the U.S. Navy and Modern Technology Solutions, Inc., were intended to demonstrate that UAVs can be flown safely and compatibly in the same skies as piloted aircraft.

  7. Proteus aircraft low-level flyby at Las Cruces Airport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    The unique Proteus aircraft served as a test bed for NASA-sponsored flight tests designed to validate collision-avoidance technologies proposed for uninhabited aircraft. The tests, flown over southern New Mexico in March, 2002, used the Proteus as a surrogate uninhabited aerial vehicle (UAV) while three other aircraft flew toward the Proteus from various angles on simulated collision courses. Radio-based 'detect, see and avoid' equipment on the Proteus successfully detected the other aircraft and relayed that information to a remote pilot on the ground at Las Cruces Airport. The pilot then transmitted commands to the Proteus to maneuver it away from the potential collisions. The flight demonstration, sponsored by NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, New Mexico State University, Scaled Composites, the U.S. Navy and Modern Technology Solutions, Inc., were intended to demonstrate that UAVs can be flown safely and compatibly in the same skies as piloted aircraft.

  8. INTEGRATION OF OVERALL EQUIPMENT EFFECTIVENESS (OEE) AND RELIABILITY METHOD FOR MEASURING MACHINE EFFECTIVENESS

    OpenAIRE

    H. Abdul Samat; S. Kamaruddin; I. Abdul Azid

    2012-01-01

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Maintenance is an important process in a manufacturing system. Thus it should be conducted and measured effectively to ensure performance efficiency. A variety of studies have been conducted on maintenance as affected by factors such as productivity, cost, employee skills, resource utilisation, equipment, processes, and maintenance task planning and scheduling [1,2]. According to Coetzee [3], equipment is the most significant factor affecting maintenance performance...

  9. Site Maintenance Plan: Part 2, Site Maintenance Action Plan for FY 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Fiscal Year (FY) 1994 Site Maintenance Action Plan (SMAP) is Part II of the Site Maintenance Plan, and has been written by Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) to outline the requirements stated in DOE Order 4330.4B, Maintenance Management Program, Chapter 1, Paragraph 3.3.1. The SMAP provides an annual status of maintenance initiatives completed and planned, a summary of performance indicators, a summary of maintenance backlog, a listing of real property and capital equipment maintenance cost estimates that were used to create the FY 1996 infrastructure and maintenance budget input, and a listing of proposed line item and general plant projects. Additionally, assumptions for various Site programs are listed to bring the Site Maintenance Plan into focus with overall Site activities. The primary mission at Hanford is to clean up the Site. In this cleanup process WHC will provide scientific and technological expertise to meet global needs, and partnership with stakeholders in the region to develop regional economic diversification. Other missions at the Hanford Site include energy research and development, and waste management and disposal activities. Their primary mission has a 30-year projected life span and will direct the shutting down and cleanup of defense production facilities and the Fast Flux Test Facility. This long-term mission requires continuous maintenance and in many instances, replacement of existing basic infrastructure, support facilities, and utilities. Without adequate maintenance and capital funding these infrastructure, support facilities, and utilities will continue to deteriorate causing an increase in backlogged work

  10. Condition based maintenance pilot projects at Pickering ND

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ontario Hydro has recognized that the approaches to maintenance have undergone significant changes to the past decades. The traditional break down maintenance approach has been replaced by preventative maintenance and more recently, by condition based maintenance. The nuclear plants of Ontario Hydro have evaluated on a number of alternative programs to improve their maintenance effectiveness and to reduce costs, including Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM), call-up review, component-based PM programs, analysis of failure history and so on. Pickering ND (nuclear division) and Ontario Hydro's Nuclear Technologies Services Division, have embarked on a Condition Based Maintenance pilot project to address the above issues as a breakthrough solution for smarter maintenance. The Condition Based Maintenance pilot project will demonstrate an end-to-end process utilizing a Reliability Centred Maintenance structured approach to re-engineer and redefine the existing maintenance programs. The project emphasizes on-condition maintenance where justified, and utilizes an information management tool to provide the required records keeping and analysis infrastructure. This paper briefly describes the planned maintenance model at Pickering ND used to guide the CBM pilot, and an overview of the methodology used to develop on-condition equipment indicators as part of a re-engineered maintenance plan

  11. Equipment Reliability Program in NPP Krsko

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Operation that is safe, reliable, effective and acceptable to public is the common message in a mission statement of commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs). To fulfill these goals, nuclear industry, among other areas, has to focus on: 1 Human Performance (HU) and 2 Equipment Reliability (EQ). The performance objective of HU is as follows: The behaviors of all personnel result in safe and reliable station operation. While unwanted human behaviors in operations mostly result directly in the event, the behavior flaws either in the area of maintenance or engineering usually cause decreased equipment reliability. Unsatisfied Human performance leads even the best designed power plants into significant operating events, which can be found as well-known examples in nuclear industry. Equipment reliability is today recognized as the key to success. While the human performance at most NPPs has been improving since the start of WANO / INPO / IAEA evaluations, the open energy market has forced the nuclear plants to reduce production costs and operate more reliably and effectively. The balance between these two (opposite) goals has made equipment reliability even more important for safe, reliable and efficient production. Insisting on on-line operation by ignoring some principles of safety could nowadays in a well-developed safety culture and human performance environment exceed the cost of electricity losses. In last decade the leading USA nuclear companies put a lot of effort to improve equipment reliability primarily based on INPO Equipment Reliability Program AP-913 at their NPP stations. The Equipment Reliability Program is the key program not only for safe and reliable operation, but also for the Life Cycle Management and Aging Management on the way to the nuclear power plant life extension. The purpose of Equipment Reliability process is to identify, organize, integrate and coordinate equipment reliability activities (preventive and predictive maintenance, maintenance

  12. Integrated engine-generator concept for aircraft electric secondary power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secunde, R. R.; Macosko, R. P.; Repas, D. S.

    1972-01-01

    The integrated engine-generator concept of locating an electric generator inside an aircraft turbojet or turbofan engine concentric with, and driven by, one of the main engine shafts is discussed. When properly rated, the generator can serve as an engine starter as well as a generator of electric power. The electric power conversion equipment and generator controls are conveniently located in the aircraft. Preliminary layouts of generators in a large engine together with their physical sizes and weights indicate that this concept is a technically feasible approach to aircraft secondary power.

  13. Wireless Phone Threat Assessment for Aircraft Communication and Navigation Radios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyens, T. X.; Koppen, S. V.; Smith, L. J.; Williams, R. A.; Salud, M. T.

    2005-01-01

    Emissions in aircraft communication and navigation bands are measured for the latest generation of wireless phones. The two wireless technologies considered, GSM/GPRS and CDMA2000, are the latest available to general consumers in the U.S. A base-station simulator is used to control the phones. The measurements are conducted using reverberation chambers, and the results are compared against FCC and aircraft installed equipment emission limits. The results are also compared against baseline emissions from laptop computers and personal digital assistant devices that are currently allowed to operate on aircraft.

  14. Cleaning supplies and equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/ency/patientinstructions/000443.htm Cleaning supplies and equipment To use the sharing features on this page, ... to clean supplies and equipment. Disinfecting Supplies and Equipment Start by wearing the right personal protective equipment ( ...

  15. Experience gained from equipment qualification inspections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper describes issues which have been identified during equipment qualification inspections. Generic qualification information is discussed first, such as qualification bases, utility/supplier interfaces, file auditability, and generic environmental qualification. Next, technical strategies with specific examples are discussed. Issues covered include functional performance requirements, post accident qualification, similarity, installation and interfaces, maintenance, aging, and testing. Finally, additions and deletions to equipment qualification master lists and environmental enveloping are discussed

  16. Feasibility study: Application of RCM techniques for substation maintenance at the Bonneville Power Administration. [Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Purucker, S.L.; Tonn, B.E.; Goeltz, R.T.; James, R.D.; Kercel, S.; Rizy, D.T.; Simpson, M.L.; Van Dyke, J.W.

    1992-05-28

    This feasibility study examines reliability centered maintenance (RCM) as it applies to Bonneville Power Administrations (BPA) substation maintenance program. Reliability techniques are examined in evaluated. Existing BPA equipment maintenance procedures are documented. Equipment failure history is considered. Economic impacts are estimated. Various equipment instrumentation methods are reviewed. Based on this analysis a prototype system is proposed. The prototype will be implemented in two phases. Phase 1 is to be completed in 1992, it includes instrumenting one power transformer and one oil circuit breaker. Software development will focus on displaying data. Phase 2 is to be completed the following year. The remaining transformers and breakers will be instrumented during the second phase. Software development will focus on predictive maintenance techniques and maintenance decision support.

  17. Year 2000 TWRS Maintenance procedure review report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A concern exists that some equipment in use might contain microprocessors that are dependent upon a time date function. The majority of the software programming for microprocessors has only utilized a 2 digit identifier for the year. With the approach of the year 2000, (Y2K), there is concern that the date function will not be correctly recognized and some functions will not operate properly. TWRS maintenance procedures have been reviewed to identify equipment components that may not be Y2K compliant. Engineering judgment was utilized to eliminate procedures and equipment that is obviously not impacted by Y2K

  18. Test, Control and Monitor System maintenance plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buehler, David P.; Lougheed, M. J.

    1993-01-01

    The maintenance requirements for Test, Control, and Monitor System (TCMS) and the method for satisfying these requirements prior to First Need Date (FND) of the last TCMS set are described. The method for satisfying maintenance requirements following FND of the last TCMS set will be addressed by a revision to this plan. This maintenance plan serves as the basic planning document for maintenance of this equipment by the NASA Payloads Directorate (CM) and the Payload Ground Operations Contractor (PGOC) at KSC. The terms TCMS Operations and Maintenance (O&M), Payloads Logistics, TCMS Sustaining Engineering, Payload Communications, and Integrated Network Services refer to the appropriate NASA and PGOC organization. For the duration of their contract, the Core Electronic Contractor (CEC) will provide a Set Support Team (SST). One of the primary purposes of this team is to help NASA and PGOC operate and maintain TCMS. It is assumed that SST is an integral part of TCMS O&M. The purpose of this plan is to describe the maintenance concept for TCMS hardware and system software in order to facilitate activation, transition planning, and continuing operation. When software maintenance is mentioned in this plan, it refers to maintenance of TCMS system software.

  19. Aviation maintenance in multicultural settings : the challenges of cultural tolerance and of employees' maintenance resource management/human factors (MRM/HF) awareness

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Harabi, Ali

    2001-01-01

    This thesis deals with two major issues, the first is the multicultural nature of many Aircraft Maintenance Technicians (AMTs) teams and the way in which cross-cultural communication and/or barriers to communication might affect teams' performance; and the second is the practice of Maintenance Resource Management/Human Factors (MRM/HF) in developing countries. Using the questionnaire method, this research examines the opinions of AMTs and maintenance supervisors from eigh...

  20. Development of in-vessel remote maintenance system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In the ITER system, such in-vessel components as blanket and divertor are treated as schedule maintenance components, and the remote handling equipment/tools required for in-vessel maintenance must be capable of handling a heavy payload with high precision, even under intense gamma ray radiation. To facilitate remote maintainability, the blanket and divertor are structurally segmented into modules and cassettes. In addition, a rail-mounted vehicle-type remote handling system and a cassette-type remote handling system have been developed for blanket and divertor maintenance, respectively. Critical technology relating to in-vessel maintenance is currently under extensive development in accordance with the ITER R and D program. This paper summarizes the Japanese Home Team's contributions to remote maintenance design and technology development and outlines the plan on fabrication and testing of full-scale remote handling equipment/tools for in-vessel maintenance. (author)

  1. Some problems of maintenance regulation at Ukrainian nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Among all the possible problems arising in a connection with provision of NPP power units safe operation, the maintenance and repair at the Ukrainian NPPs possess an important place. System of maintenance and repair at the Ukrainian NPPs is presently still traditional one, based on the former USSR' document ''Rules of the NPPs Equipment Maintenance and Repair Arrangement'' (RD.53.025.002-088). For to provide technical systems reliability and safety in an accordance with ''General Provisions on NPP Safety'' (OPB-82) (presently OPB-95 is in underway in Ukraine) nuclear operators are implementing their maintenance and repair. These procedures are obligatory conditions for NPP operation during all the life term. To implement an equipment maintenance and repair there are appropriate divisions in NPP structure envisaged such as departments, laboratories, sections, shops, etc. composing an NPP maintenance and repair service. There are also another specific enterprises engaged in such activities. (author). 2 tabs, 4 diagrams

  2. Maintenance system improvement in cast iron foundry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kukla

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The work presents the issue of technical equipment management in an iron foundry basing on the assumptions of the TPM system (Total Productive Maintenance. Exploitation analysis of automatic casting lines has been carried out and their work’s influence on the whole production system’s functioning has been researched. Within maintenance system improvement, implementation of autonomic service and planned lines’ review have been proposed in order to minimize the time of breakdown stoppages. The SMED method was used to optimize changeover time, and the OEE (Overall Equipment Effectiveness was applied to evaluate the level of resources usage before and after implementing changes. Further, the influence of the maintenance strategy of casting devices’ efficiency on own costs of casting manufac- ture was estimated.

  3. Application of reliability centred maintenance to optimize operation and maintenance in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to increase Member States capabilities in utilizing good engineering and management practices the Agency has developed a series of Technical Documents (TECDOCs) to describe best practices and members experience in the application of them. This TECDOC describes the concept of Reliability Centred Maintenance (RCM) which is the term used to describe a systematic approach to the evaluation, design and development of cost effective maintenance programmes for plant and equipment. The concept has been in existence for over 25 years originating in the civil aviation sector. This TECDOC supplements previous IAEA publications on the subject and seeks to reflect members experience in the application of the principles involved. The process focuses on the functionality of the plant and equipment and the critical failure mechanisms that could result in the loss of functionality. When employed effectively the process can result in the elimination of unnecessary maintenance activities and the identification and introduction of measures to address deficiencies in the maintenance programme. Overall the process can result in higher levels of reliability for the plant and equipment at reduced cost and demands on finite maintenance resources. The application of the process requires interaction between the operators and the maintenance practitioners which is often lacking in traditional maintenance programmes. The imposition of this discipline produces the added benefit of improved information flows between the key players in plant and equipment management with the result that maintenance activities and operational practices are better informed. This publication was produced within IAEA programme on nuclear power plants operating performance and life cycle management

  4. Predictive maintenance: A new approach in maintenance of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The maintenance services for a Nuclear Power Plant are in general aimed at reaching the following goals: - Increase component availability and consequently decrease intervention frequency; - Reduce unexpected costs from unexpected repairs; - Progressively decrease the time of each intervention; - Improve the spare parts supply efficiency; - Improve spare parts and consumable warehouse managing; - Decrease maintenance costs. Most of the currently used maintenance activities refer to run-to-failure or preventive approaches: - Run-to-failure or Corrective Maintenance means that work is only carried out when a component or system is faulty and unable to perform its critical function. Non critical components such as filters or components with spare may be maintained in this way; - Preventive or Scheduled Maintenance involves a regular pre-set schedule programme of maintenance work. Programme outlined by the manufacturer of the component in question based on the design life of the component and based on past experience by operation. One step further than Preventive Maintenance is represented by Predictive Maintenance. Whereas Preventive Maintenance bases its schedules on past performance data, a predictive system acquires condition data from the machine to be maintained whilst the machine is in operation. The information obtained from this analysis indicates the condition in real time, provides a diagnosis of wear and shows any trend towards critical conditions. Predictive maintenance mainly consists of the following interventions: - Lubricant analysis; - Collection / analysis of functional parameters, such as motor absorption, flow rate, pressure, temperature, noise, vibration of rotating equipment, thermal efficiency, etc; - Periodical test of lifting systems; - Other operations to acquire sensitive equipment parameters. Predictive Maintenance can reduce the accidental intervention and extend the components life, and, in the end, is increasing the global

  5. Preventive maintenance technologies in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With the recent increase of the number of nuclear power plants in operation and their number of operation years, the expectation for nuclear power generation has heightened, and in this environment, the improvement of the reliability and the continuation of stable operation of nuclear power stations are very important. For this purpose, the maintenance throughout plant life, consistent from the design through construction, operation to maintenance of the plants, is important. In this case, maintenance is grasped multiply including the monitoring of the conditions of machinery and equipment in operation, the establishment of repair technology, the development of periodic inspection to high quality and the improvement of plants, and it is aimed at to realize well-planned, faultless, fine preventive maintenance. In this report, checkup and inspection technologies, the technology for monitoring and diagnosing operational conditions and the technology for supporting maintenance works in periodic inspection, which are the key technologies for preventive maintenance, and the trend of their research and development are described. For reactor pressure vessels and pipings, ultrasonic flaw detection test is applied, and the various automatic equipments have been adopted. (K.I.)

  6. The application of GIS equipment in nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, the advantage and disadvantage of gas insulated switchgear (GIS) in environmental adaptability, operation safety and economic benefit are analyzed. Issues concerning the manufacture, transportation, on-site installation, operation, maintenance and extension of GIS equipment are discussed. Comparing those characteristics with air insulated switchgear (AIS), GIS is characterized by better aseismic ability, less occupied area and installation process, lower fault rate, longer maintenance period, easier for extension and higher economic benefit, SF6 gas insures the operation safety and reliability of GIS equipment, modular transport and re-assembling improves the installation flexibility. Therefore, GIS equipment may be the first choice for the primary equipment of nuclear power plant. (authors)

  7. Optimization of maintenance periodicity of complex of NPP safety systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The analysis of the positive and negative aspects connected to maintenance of the safety systems equipment which basically is in a standby state is executed. Tests of systems provide elimination of the latent failures and raise their reliability. Poor quality of carrying out the tests can be a source of the subsequent failures. Therefore excess frequency of tests can result in reducing reliability of safety systems. The method of optimization of maintenance periodicity of the equipment taking into account factors of its reliability and restoration procedures quality is submitted. The unavailability factor is used as a criterion of optimization of maintenance periodicity. It is offered to use parameters of reliability of the equipment and each of safety systems of NPPs received at developing PSA. And it is offered to carry out the concordance of maintenance periodicity of systems within the NPP maintenance program taking into account a significance factor of the system received on the basis of the contribution of system in CDF. Basing on the submitted method the small computer code is developed. This code allows to calculate reliability factors of a separate safety system and to determine optimum maintenance periodicity of its equipment. Optimization of maintenance periodicity of a complex of safety systems is stipulated also. As an example results of optimization of maintenance periodicity at Zaporizhzhya NPP are presented. (author)

  8. PWR power plant reactor maintenance: site experience and technology transfer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PWR reactor maintenance activities has considerably expanded during the last few years at Framatome. The services offered by Framatome can be divided into three main categories: - Implementation of backfits aimed at performance and safety improvement and equipment reliability - Technical assistance for plant operators, especially during refuelling - Maintenance and repair services during both scheduled and unscheduled outages

  9. Maintenance enterprise resource planning: information value among supply chain elements

    OpenAIRE

    Ascef, Rogers

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The maintenance supply chain involves maintenance, repair, and overhaul organizations and the relationships within and across suppliers and customers. These organizations work with the probability of equipment failure, maintenance, and the use requirements of spare parts. All of these elements increase uncertainty in this environment. Furthermore, it is difficult to integrate and process information to maintain effective inventory cont...

  10. Nuclear Power Plant Maintenance Optimization with Heuristic Algorithm

    OpenAIRE

    Andrija Volkanovski; Leon Cizelj

    2014-01-01

    The test and maintenance activities are conducted in the nuclear power plants in order to prevent or limit failures resulting from the ageing or deterioration. The components and systems are partially or fully unavailable during the maintenance activities. This is especially important for the safety systems and corresponding equipment because they are important contributors to the overall nuclear power plant safety. A novel method for optimization of the maintenance activities in the nuclear ...

  11. Electrical standards development activities for nuclear power plant maintenance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper presents information describing the concern for nuclear power plant electrical equipment maintenance and the IEEE Nuclear Power Engineering Committee's method to address that concern. That method was the creation of Working Group 3.3, ''Maintenance Good Practices'' which is providing specific maintenance good practice documents, supporting technical information exchange, and providing the vehicle to promote practices which reduce cost and enhance plant safety

  12. Application of a reliability centered maintenence on a drilling system

    OpenAIRE

    Langlo, Frank

    2014-01-01

    The first part of the thesis is an introduction of the drilling system where the theoretical background of the drilling system is described. Then the reliability centered maintenance (RCM) methodology is described. RCM is a logic way of identifying what equipment that needs to be maintained with a preventative maintenance basis rather than letting it fail and then fix it basis, commonly referred to as the run to failure (RTF). The maintenance strategies are described in 3.2 Reliability cen...

  13. A Budget Based Optimization of Preventive Maintenance in Maritime Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Akpan, W. A; Ogunsola, T.M

    2015-01-01

    This research work investigates preventive maintenance management of diesel engine generators at the Maritime Academy of Nigeria, Oron. A budget based optimization methodology taking cognisance of the age of the equipment was applied on failure data of diesel engine generators obtained from the institution maintenance data base to provide cost effective maintenance management / replacement programme for critical components of diesel engine generators. The results were analyzed using Matlab...

  14. Optimization of Preventive Maintenance Practice in Maritime Academy

    OpenAIRE

    Oron Akpan, W. A; Ogunsola T. M

    2015-01-01

    This research study investigates preventive maintenance management of diesel engine generators at the Nigerian Maritime Academy, Oron. An optimization methodology taking cognisance of equipment age was applied on failure data of diesel engine generators obtained from the institution’s maintenance data base to provide cost effective maintenance management / replacement programme for critical components of diesel engine generators. The analyzed results using Matlab provides a cost a...

  15. 49 CFR 214.525 - Towing with on-track roadway maintenance machines or hi-rail vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... maintenance machines or hi-rail vehicles. (a) When used to tow pushcars or other maintenance-of-way equipment... machine or hi-rail vehicle shall not be used to tow pushcars or other maintenance-of-way equipment if...

  16. On maintenance management of wind and nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Electrical production in Sweden today is mainly from nuclear and hydro power. However, there is large increase in renewable energy like wind power and the installed new capacity goals are large. Several electrical production sources are important for the sustainability of the energy system. Maintenance is an approach for keeping a system sustainable. The importance of structured maintenance for reliable electrical production systems triggers the development of qualitative and quantitative maintenance management methods. Examples of these methods are Reliability-Centered Maintenance (RCM) which is a structured qualitative approach that focuses on reliability when planning maintenance, and Reliability Centered Asset Management (RCAM) which is a development of RCM into a quantitative approach with the aim to relate preventive maintenance to total maintenance cost and system reliability. This thesis presents models, as applications of RCAM, based on the methods of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and mathematical optimization, applied to wind and nuclear power plants. Both deterministic and stochastic approaches have been used and the proposed models are based on the Total Cost model, which summarizes costs for maintenance and production loss, and the Aircraft model, which is an opportunistic maintenance optimization model. Opportunistic maintenance is preventive maintenance performed at opportunities. The wind power applications in this study show on different ways to cover costs of condition monitoring systems (CMS) and further on economic benefits of these when uncertainties of times to failure are included in the model. The nuclear power applications show on that the optimization model is dependent on the discount rate and that a high discount rate gives more motivation for opportunistic replacements. When put into a stochastic framework and compared to other maintenance strategies it is shown that an extended opportunistic maintenance optimization model has a good overall

  17. Tactical aircraft optical cable plant program plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Thomas L.; Murdock, John K.; Ide, James R.

    1995-05-01

    A program was created with joint industry and government funding to apply fiber optic technologies to tactical aircraft. The technology offers many potential benefits, including increased electromagnetic interference immunity and the possibility of reduced weight, increased reliability, and enlarged capability from redesigning architectures to use the large bandwidth of fiber optics. Those benefits will only be realized if fiber optics meets the unique requirements of aircraft networks. The application of fiber optics to tactical aircraft presents challenges to physical components which can only be met by a methodical attention to what is required, what are the conditions of use, and how will the components be produced in the broad context of a fiber optics using economy. For this purpose, the FLASH program has outlined a plan, and developed a team to evaluate requirements, delineate environmental and use conditions, and design practical, low cost components for tactical aircraft fiber optic cable plants including cables, connectors, splices, backplanes, manufacturing and installation methods, and test and maintenance methods.

  18. Report of the electric Equipment Service - Annex E

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes organisational structure of the Service dealing with control and maintenance of electrical supply system and equipment. It includes detailed data about electric power consumption, power cuts and failures during the past period

  19. Report of the electric Equipment Service - Annex 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes organisational structure of the Service dealing with control and maintenance of electrical supply system and equipment. It includes detailed data about electric power consumption, power cuts and failures during the past period

  20. SKF assists TOTAL E&P Indonesia - Combined maintenance and inspection strategy program; Maintenance and inspection engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, Colin

    2010-07-01

    All oil and gas exploration and processing projects should be supported with a tailored strategy for maintenance and inspection requirements. Facilities should be started up with a maintenance and inspection program properly defined by function and should be readied in systems that will support the execution of that work. These are typically large support activities covering all equipment and their subassemblies. (Author)