WorldWideScience

Sample records for air travel life-style

  1. Air travel, life-style, energy use and environmental impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krueger Nielsen, S.

    2001-09-01

    The overall aim of this project is to investigate the linkages between energy use, life style and environmental impact. As a case of study, this report investigates the future possibilities for reducing the growth in greenhouse gas emissions from commercial civil air transport, that is passenger air travel and airfreight. The season for this choice of focus is that we found that commercial civil air transport may become a relatively large energy consumer and greenhouse gas emitter in the future. For example, according to different scenarios presented by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), commercial civil air transport's fuel burn may grow by between 0,8 percent a factor of 1,6 and 16 between 1990 and 2050 and 2050. The actual growth in fuel consumption will depend on the future growth in airborne passenger travel and freight and the improvement rate for the specific fuel efficiency. As a central mid-term estimate the IPCC foresees that the fuel consumption may grow by around 3 percent per year until 2015. This report looks into the possibilities for reducing the growth in air traffic, as well as the possibilities for reducing the specific fuel consumption, to achieve an environmentally sustainable development. For commercial civil air transport the main challenge seems to lie in the strong growth rates currently envisioned by the aeronautical industry for the next decades. Like it is the case with most other types of (fossil) energy intensive activities the bulk of air traffic is currently performed in and between industrialised countries. In an environmentally sustainable World countries should aim at distributing resources evenly between the World's citizens. Therefore, on the longer term, there are tremendous challenges to be overcome. Achieving environmentally sustainable commercial civil air transport will first of all require that people living in currently industrialised countries stop travelling ever more by air each year. As it is

  2. Air Travel Health Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    MENU Return to Web version Air Travel Health Tips Air Travel Health Tips How can I improve plane travel? Most people don't have any problems when ... and dosages of all of your medicines. The air in airplanes is dry, so drink nonalcoholic, decaffeinated ...

  3. Healthy Life Style

    OpenAIRE

    Donát, Lukáš

    2008-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with a healthy life style and its influence on the most frequent civilization diseases. In the subsequent parts there has been elaborated a questionnaire with the main topic -- healthy life style. Based on this questionnaire are also the results which confirm or contradict the hypotheses formulated in the process of the presented diploma thesis.

  4. Travel time and travel cost in European air travel

    OpenAIRE

    Dusek, Tamas

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is to examine two issues of consumer air travel accessibility in Europe, namely flight time and ticket costs. The first part of the paper discusses the various methodological problems of creating time matrix and cost matrix of air travel. Because of problems of conceptualizing of the air travel network and the modifiable areal unit problem the analysis is conducted on several spatial levels. The smallest network consists of 15 busiest airports and the largest network has ...

  5. Life Style Assessment: So What!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubry, William E.

    The construct life style was used by Alfred Adler to describe the characteristic way in which individuals act and think. Followers of his theories are now collecting evidence to support or validate his contentions. The assessment of client life styles serves: (1) to make the client aware of his misconceptions, (2) as a reference point for therapy,…

  6. Humor and creative life styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, J

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based upon the writings of William James in the late 19th century, and Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud in the 20th, enriched by the contributions of later personality and role theorists. The self is defined as the unique organization of each person; a style is the self in action. Different life styles and their components are expressed in different situations. I posit that humor and positive thinking, combined with meaning and purpose, are vital components of all constructive life styles. The knowledge of life styles cuts through diagnostic labels to reveal our universal humanity. It can be fruitfully applied to patients and nonpatients alike and, I found, for the self-understanding of therapist. The clinical application of life styles is illustrated through numerous vignettes. PMID:11641883

  7. Humor and creative life styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, J

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based upon the writings of William James in the late 19th century, and Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud in the 20th, enriched by the contributions of later personality and role theorists. The self is defined as the unique organization of each person; a style is the self in action. Different life styles and their components are expressed in different situations. I posit that humor and positive thinking, combined with meaning and purpose, are vital components of all constructive life styles. The knowledge of life styles cuts through diagnostic labels to reveal our universal humanity. It can be fruitfully applied to patients and nonpatients alike and, I found, for the self-understanding of therapist. The clinical application of life styles is illustrated through numerous vignettes.

  8. Infectious Risks of Air Travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangili, Alexandra; Vindenes, Tine; Gendreau, Mark

    2015-10-01

    Infectious diseases are still among the leading causes of death worldwide due to their persistence, emergence, and reemergence. As the recent Ebola virus disease and MERS-CoV outbreaks demonstrate, the modern epidemics and large-scale infectious outbreaks emerge and spread quickly. Air transportation is a major vehicle for the rapid spread and dissemination of communicable diseases, and there have been a number of reported outbreaks of serious airborne diseases aboard commercial flights including tuberculosis, severe acute respiratory syndrome, influenza, smallpox, and measles, to name a few. In 2014 alone, over 3.3 billion passengers (a number equivalent to 42% of the world population) and 50 million metric tons of cargo traveled by air from 41,000 airports and 50,000 routes worldwide, and significant growth is anticipated, with passenger numbers expected to reach 5.9 billion by 2030. Given the increasing numbers of travelers, the risk of infectious disease transmission during air travel is a significant concern, and this chapter focuses on the current knowledge about transmission of infectious diseases in the context of both transmissions within the aircraft passenger cabin and commercial aircraft serving as vehicles of worldwide infection spread. PMID:26542037

  9. Life-Style und Hypertonie - Hypertonie und Life-Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoschitzky K

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Unser Life-Style (unser "Lebensstil", unsere "Lebensweise" steht in enger Beziehung zu unserem arteriellen Blutdruck und kann in dreifacher Weise in Verbindung mit einem arteriellen Hypertonus treten: 1. "Schlechter" Life-Style kann arteriellen Hypertonus auslösen oder zumindest fördern. 2. Arterieller Hypertonus kann durch "guten" Life-Style gesenkt bis gänzlich beseitigt werden. 3. Bekannte Folgen des arteriellen Hypertonus (wie Insult, Herzinsuffizienz, Myokardinfarkt, Niereninsuffizenz, paVK, Retinopathie, Aortendissektion, Demenz, usw. können den Patienten letztlich dazu zwingen, seinen Life-Style ganz wesentlich zu ändern - dann allerdings unabhängig davon, ob er "will" oder nicht. Wichtigstes Ziel medizinischen Handelns ist daher vor allem das Vorbeugen der unter Punkt 3 genannten, häufig irreversiblen Folgen des arteriellen Hypertonus. Besser sollte dies jedoch bereits als "Primärprävention" beginnen, indem man durch Verhinderung eines "schlechten" Life-Style einem arteriellen Hypertonus bereits vor seinem Entstehen vorbeugt. Spätestens bei bereits bestehendem arteriellem Hypertonus sollte jedoch eine "Verbesserung" des Life-Styles als ein sehr taugliches Mittel zur Senkung des Blutdrucks bei möglichst jedem Patienten "eingesetzt" werden. Wichtigste Elemente von Life-Style in Verbindung mit arteriellem Hypertonus sind dabei vor allem Adipositas, Bewegungsarmut, Rauchen, Stress, vermehrte Kochsalz-Zufuhr, Alkohol und Koffein. Sie sind sowohl auf der "ursächlichen" als auch auf der "therapeutischen" Seite des arteriellen Hypertonus zu finden und in Form von entsprechender "Umkehr" erfolgversprechend einsetzbar.

  10. Acute pulmonary embolism following air travel

    OpenAIRE

    Ledermann, J. A.; Keshavarzian, Ali

    1983-01-01

    Three cases of pulmonary embolism following long air flight are described. There was no previous history of venous disease. The symptoms were transient in one and severe in two. The occurrence of pulmonary embolism immediately after air travel is emphasized.

  11. Medical Problems Related to Air Travel

    OpenAIRE

    Takahashi, George Y.

    1985-01-01

    Air travel has become the preferred method of transportation for many Canadians, some of whom would otherwise be unable to travel long distances. Airline medical departments will provide advice and assistance with prior notification. The pressurized cabin has a slightly hypoxic atmosphere, so cardiac and chronic pulmonary patients require individual evaluations before departure. Severely anemic patients and those with neurological disorders may need to take special precautions, as will those ...

  12. The Full Cost of Air Travel

    OpenAIRE

    David Gillen; David Levinson

    1999-01-01

    In this paper we review the theoretical and empirical literature on the cost structure of the provision of air transportation and specify and estimate our own cost functions. We develop a full cost model which identifies the key cost components and then we measure those costs component by component: user costs, carrier costs, infrastructure costs, time and congestion costs, noise costs, accident costs, and pollution costs. Applying the models to data for domestic air travel in the California ...

  13. Explanations for coagulation activation after air travel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J.M. Schreijer; M.F. Hoylaerts; J.C.M. Meijers; H.R. Lijnen; S. Middeldorp; H.R. Büller; P.H. Reitsma; F.R. Rosendaal; S.C. Cannegieter

    2010-01-01

    Background: It is unknown whether venous thrombosis after long haul air travel is exclusively attributable to immobilization. Objectives: We determined whether the following mechanisms were involved: hypoxia, stress, inflammation or viral infection. Patients/Methods: In a case crossover setting in 7

  14. The implications of air travel taxes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Zuidberg

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, air travel taxes have been introduced by different countries throughout Europe. Often, these tax measures serve a revenue-raising goal, but are promoted as measures that aim to cut back carbon emissions by the aviation industry. Their effectiveness with respect to the reduction of c

  15. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    OpenAIRE

    Özyazıcıoğlu, Nurcan; Kılıç, Mineş; Erdem, Neşe; Yavuz, Cemil; Afacan, Sibel

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II) was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40), subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19), physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24), nutrition (19.40 ±...

  16. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    OpenAIRE

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu; Mineş Kılıç; Neşe Erdem; Cemil Yavuz; Sibel Afacan

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II) was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40), subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19...

  17. Air Travel and Health A Systems Perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Seabridge, Allan

    2010-01-01

    Providing a detailed examination of the issues that affect the long term health of aircrew, cabin crew and passengers, Air Travel and Health offers guidance to engineers designing aircraft in the difficult field of legislation and product liability. Examining the facts, anecdotes and myths associated with health and travel, Seabridge and Morgan draw balanced conclusions on which the aircraft operations and design communities can act to provide cost-effective solutions. The authors present a useful reference for aircrew, regulatory authorities, engineers and managers within the aerospace indust

  18. Coupling between air travel and climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnauskas, Kristopher B.; Donnelly, Jeffrey P.; Barkley, Hannah C.; Martin, Jonathan E.

    2015-12-01

    The airline industry closely monitors the midlatitude jet stream for short-term planning of flight paths and arrival times. In addition to passenger safety and on-time metrics, this is due to the acute sensitivity of airline profits to fuel cost. US carriers spent US$47 billion on jet fuel in 2011, compared with a total industry operating revenue of US$192 billion. Beyond the timescale of synoptic weather, the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Arctic Oscillation (AO) and other modes of variability modulate the strength and position of the Aleutian low and Pacific high on interannual timescales, which influence the tendency of the exit region of the midlatitude Pacific jet stream to extend, retract and meander poleward and equatorward. The impact of global aviation on climate change has been studied for decades owing to the radiative forcing of emitted greenhouse gases, contrails and other effects. The impact of climate variability on air travel, however, has only recently come into focus, primarily in terms of turbulence. Shifting attention to flight durations, here we show that 88% of the interannual variance in domestic flight times between Hawaii and the continental US is explained by a linear combination of ENSO and the AO. Further, we extend our analysis to CMIP5 model projections to explore potential feedbacks between anthropogenic climate change and air travel.

  19. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II was used to measure healthy life style behaviors. The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40, subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19, physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24, nutrition (19.40 ± 3.73, spiritual growth (26.93 ± 4.06, interpersonal relationships (26.16 ± 4.25 and stress management (19.44 ± 3.57 were found. The student nurses performed the best in health responsibility but the worst in physical activity. It was also found that girls more than men have a high average in total average. Students' income level is found to influence the ability to deal with the nutrition. As a result, healthy life style behavior of students was generally found to be medium level in this study. Students should be empowered to make healthy choices, and appropriate health education interventions should be developed.

  20. Air travel and children’s health issues

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    With more children travelling by air, health care professionals should become more familiar with some of the unique health issues associated with air travel. A thorough literature search involving a number of databases (1966 to 2006) revealed very few evidence-based papers on air travel and children. Many of the existing recommendations are based on descriptive evidence and expert opinion. The present statement will help physicians to inform families about the health-related issues concerning...

  1. Air Travel and TB: an airline perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowdall, Nigel P; Evans, Anthony D; Thibeault, Claude

    2010-03-01

    The commercial airline industry in the 21st century is a global business, able to transport large numbers of people to almost any part of the world within a few hours. There has long been concern in public health circles about the potential for transmission of communicable diseases, such as TB, on board aircraft. The recent threats from novel and emerging infectious diseases including SARS and pandemic flu has facilitated unprecedented levels of cooperation between international industry representatives, regulators and public health authorities in addressing the issues of air travel and communicable disease. This paper reviews the regulatory environment, ways in which the risks are mitigated through aspects of aircraft design, opportunities for prevention by identifying individuals who may be suffering from a communicable disease prior to flight and the approach used in managing suspected cases of communicable disease on board aircraft. PMID:20478517

  2. Nonurgent commercial air travel after nonhemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, Andrew; Duchateau, François-Xavier; Huff, J Stephen; Verner, Laurent; O'Connor, Robert E; Brady, William J

    2014-01-01

    Nonurgent commercial air travel in patients who have experienced a nonhemorrhagic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) may occur, particularly in the elderly traveling population. A recent CVA, particularly occurring during a person's travel, presents a significant challenge to the patient, companions, family, and health care team. Specific medical recommendation, based on accumulated scientific data and interpreted by medical experts, is needed so that travel health care professionals can appropriately guide the patient. Unfortunately, such recommendations are almost entirely lacking despite the relative frequency of CVA and air travel. This article reviews the existing recommendations with conclusions based on both these limited data and rationale conjecture. PMID:24787513

  3. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40, subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19, physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24, nutrition (19.40 ± 3.73, spiritual growth (26.93 ± 4.06, interpersonal relationships (26.16 ± 4.25 and stress management (19.44 ± 3.57 were found. The student nurses performed the best in health responsibility but the worst in physical activity. It was also found that girls more than men have a high average in total average. Students' income level is found to influence the ability to deal with the nutrition.          As a result, healthy life style behavior of students was generally found to be medium level in this study. Students should be empowered to make healthy choices, and appropriate health education interventions should be developed.

  4. Life style as a blood pressure determinant.

    OpenAIRE

    Staessen, J A; Bieniaszewski, L; Pardaens, K; V. Petrov; Thijs, L.; Fagard, R.

    1996-01-01

    In Belgium, an affluent Western European country, participation in sports, alcohol intake, and living in a working class area were identified as the life style factors with the closest associations with the blood pressure level. Obesity was another important blood pressure correlate. Sodium intake, determined from the 24 h urinary output, and smoking were not associated with blood pressure. Controlled intervention studies have proven that weight reduction, endurance training and alcohol absti...

  5. Sociological barriers to developing sustainable discretionary air travel behaviour

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, SA; Higham, JES,; Reis, A.

    2013-01-01

    Encouraging positive public behaviour change has been touted as a pathway for mitigating the climate impacts of air travel. There is, however, growing evidence that two gaps, one between attitudes and behaviour, and the other between practices of “home” and “away”, pose significant barriers to changing discretionary air travel behaviour. This article uses both modern sociological theory on tourism as liminoid space, and postmodern theory that views identities as contextual, to provide a deepe...

  6. Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure

    OpenAIRE

    Ingle, Lee; Hobkirk, James; Damy, Thibaud; Nabb, Samantha; Clark, Andrew L.; Cleland, John G F

    2012-01-01

    Aim To conduct a survey in a representative cohort of ambulatory patients with stable, well managed chronic heart failure (CHF) to discover their experiences of air travel. Methods An expert panel including a cardiologist, an exercise scientist, and a psychologist developed a series of survey questions designed to elicit CHF patients' experiences of air travel (Appendix 1). The survey questions, information sheets and consent forms were posted out in a self-addressed envelope to 1293 CHF pati...

  7. THE INCOME ELASTICITY OF AIR TRAVEL: A META-ANALYSIS

    OpenAIRE

    Gallet, Craig A.; Hristos Doucouliagos

    2014-01-01

    There is much disparity in estimates of the income elasticity of air travel across the literature. We examine this disparity by applying meta-regression techniques. Controlling for several issues, including publication selection bias, while our preferred baseline income elasticity estimate of 1.186 is consistent with air travel being a luxury and a slightly immature market, there are several features of the literature which sway the income elasticity away from this baseline. For instance, the...

  8. Elderly age: healthy life style and life activity prolongation

    OpenAIRE

    Chernyshkova Elena Vyacheslavovna; Rodionova Tatyana Vyacheslavovna; Mukhina Marina Yurievna; Veretelnikova Yulia Yakovlevna; Chernyshkov Danila Vsevolodovich

    2015-01-01

    The article presents the analysis of the results of elderly people’s (aged 55–65) questionnaires concerning the basic precepts of healthy life style for activity prolongation (N = 180). It has been established that the basic principles of healthy life style include regular moderate physical loads, a rational diet, giving up bad habits. Healthy life style popularization may become a promising measure to increase activity motivation of elderly people.

  9. The cost of simplifying air travel when modeling disease spread.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Lessler

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Air travel plays a key role in the spread of many pathogens. Modeling the long distance spread of infectious disease in these cases requires an air travel model. Highly detailed air transportation models can be over determined and computationally problematic. We compared the predictions of a simplified air transport model with those of a model of all routes and assessed the impact of differences on models of infectious disease. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using U.S. ticket data from 2007, we compared a simplified "pipe" model, in which individuals flow in and out of the air transport system based on the number of arrivals and departures from a given airport, to a fully saturated model where all routes are modeled individually. We also compared the pipe model to a "gravity" model where the probability of travel is scaled by physical distance; the gravity model did not differ significantly from the pipe model. The pipe model roughly approximated actual air travel, but tended to overestimate the number of trips between small airports and underestimate travel between major east and west coast airports. For most routes, the maximum number of false (or missed introductions of disease is small (<1 per day but for a few routes this rate is greatly underestimated by the pipe model. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: If our interest is in large scale regional and national effects of disease, the simplified pipe model may be adequate. If we are interested in specific effects of interventions on particular air routes or the time for the disease to reach a particular location, a more complex point-to-point model will be more accurate. For many problems a hybrid model that independently models some frequently traveled routes may be the best choice. Regardless of the model used, the effect of simplifications and sensitivity to errors in parameter estimation should be analyzed.

  10. Controlling pandemic flu: the value of international air travel restrictions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua M Epstein

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Planning for a possible influenza pandemic is an extremely high priority, as social and economic effects of an unmitigated pandemic would be devastating. Mathematical models can be used to explore different scenarios and provide insight into potential costs, benefits, and effectiveness of prevention and control strategies under consideration. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A stochastic, equation-based epidemic model is used to study global transmission of pandemic flu, including the effects of travel restrictions and vaccination. Economic costs of intervention are also considered. The distribution of First Passage Times (FPT to the United States and the numbers of infected persons in metropolitan areas worldwide are studied assuming various times and locations of the initial outbreak. International air travel restrictions alone provide a small delay in FPT to the U.S. When other containment measures are applied at the source in conjunction with travel restrictions, delays could be much longer. If in addition, control measures are instituted worldwide, there is a significant reduction in cases worldwide and specifically in the U.S. However, if travel restrictions are not combined with other measures, local epidemic severity may increase, because restriction-induced delays can push local outbreaks into high epidemic season. The per annum cost to the U.S. economy of international and major domestic air passenger travel restrictions is minimal: on the order of 0.8% of Gross National Product. CONCLUSIONS: International air travel restrictions may provide a small but important delay in the spread of a pandemic, especially if other disease control measures are implemented during the afforded time. However, if other measures are not instituted, delays may worsen regional epidemics by pushing the outbreak into high epidemic season. This important interaction between policy and seasonality is only evident with a global-scale model. Since the benefit of

  11. Air travel and vector-borne disease movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatem, A J; Huang, Z; Das, A; Qi, Q; Roth, J; Qiu, Y

    2012-12-01

    Recent decades have seen substantial expansions in the global air travel network and rapid increases in traffic volumes. The effects of this are well studied in terms of the spread of directly transmitted infections, but the role of air travel in the movement of vector-borne diseases is less well understood. Increasingly however, wider reaching surveillance for vector-borne diseases and our improving abilities to map the distributions of vectors and the diseases they carry, are providing opportunities to better our understanding of the impact of increasing air travel. Here we examine global trends in the continued expansion of air transport and its impact upon epidemiology. Novel malaria and chikungunya examples are presented, detailing how geospatial data in combination with information on air traffic can be used to predict the risks of vector-borne disease importation and establishment. Finally, we describe the development of an online tool, the Vector-Borne Disease Airline Importation Risk (VBD-Air) tool, which brings together spatial data on air traffic and vector-borne disease distributions to quantify the seasonally changing risks for importation to non-endemic regions. Such a framework provides the first steps towards an ultimate goal of adaptive management based on near real time flight data and vector-borne disease surveillance. PMID:22444826

  12. AIR TRAVEL FOR INFANTS WITH CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adarsh Patil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION : It is well documented that, healthy person can tolerate the cabin environment of a commercial airline which is pressurized to the level of 5000 ft. however this environment brings profound physiological changes in patients with cardiovascular dise a se. With rise in number of patients travelling internationally for treatment of cardiac problems especially infants travelling by air for congenital heart disease treatment has increased in the recent time and is evident by the reports of medical incidents involving infants with congenital heart disease onboard . (1 Though the IATA medical manual mentions that adult patients with Esenminger Syndrome should not undertake air travel . (2 This article examines the case for infants with congenital heart diseases as there have been no previous studies reported

  13. The implications of the Irish air travel tax

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Veldhuis; J. Zuidberg

    2009-01-01

    Aer Lingus, Ryanair and CityJet (the ‘Airlines’) are currently endeavouring to persuade the Irish Government to withdraw the Irish Air Travel Tax (ATT), which has applied to flights out of Ireland since 30 March 2009. The Airlines have commissioned "Amsterdam Aviation Economics" (part of SEO Economi

  14. Life style segmentation in a cross-cultural perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig; Juhl, Hans Jørn

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes some problemes in doing cross-country, comparative research, involving observed as well as unobserved heterogeneity. The setting is life style segmentation, but the arguments cover a mush broader area.......This paper describes some problemes in doing cross-country, comparative research, involving observed as well as unobserved heterogeneity. The setting is life style segmentation, but the arguments cover a mush broader area....

  15. Towards a concept of food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    choice remains to be demonstrated. A cognitive deductive approach is presented as a theoretically more well-founded alternative. It defines life style as the system of cognitive, categories, scripts, their asociation, which relate a set of products to a set of values. A concept of food-related life style...... should hence contain elements like shopping scripts, meal preparation scripts, desired higher-order food attributes, food usage situations, a desired consequences of food products....

  16. Towards a concept of food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    choice remains to be demonstrated. A cognitive deductive approach is presented as a theoretically more well-founded alternative. It defines life style as the system of cognitive categories, scripts, and their associations, which relate a set of products to a set of values. A concept of food-related life...... style should hence contain elements like shopping scripts, meal preparation scripts, desired higher-order food attributes, food usage situations, and desired consequences of food products....

  17. Weather, knowledge base and life-style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohle, Martin

    2015-04-01

    Why to main-stream curiosity for earth-science topics, thus to appraise these topics as of public interest? Namely, to influence practices how humankind's activities intersect the geosphere. How to main-stream that curiosity for earth-science topics? Namely, by weaving diverse concerns into common threads drawing on a wide range of perspectives: be it beauty or particularity of ordinary or special phenomena, evaluating hazards for or from mundane environments, or connecting the scholarly investigation with concerns of citizens at large; applying for threading traditional or modern media, arts or story-telling. Three examples: First "weather"; weather is a topic of primordial interest for most people: weather impacts on humans lives, be it for settlement, for food, for mobility, for hunting, for fishing, or for battle. It is the single earth-science topic that went "prime-time" since in the early 1950-ties the broadcasting of weather forecasts started and meteorologists present their work to the public, daily. Second "knowledge base"; earth-sciences are a relevant for modern societies' economy and value setting: earth-sciences provide insights into the evolution of live-bearing planets, the functioning of Earth's systems and the impact of humankind's activities on biogeochemical systems on Earth. These insights bear on production of goods, living conditions and individual well-being. Third "life-style"; citizen's urban culture prejudice their experiential connections: earth-sciences related phenomena are witnessed rarely, even most weather phenomena. In the past, traditional rural communities mediated their rich experiences through earth-centric story-telling. In course of the global urbanisation process this culture has given place to society-centric story-telling. Only recently anthropogenic global change triggered discussions on geoengineering, hazard mitigation, demographics, which interwoven with arts, linguistics and cultural histories offer a rich narrative

  18. Flying through code/space: the real virtuality of air travel

    OpenAIRE

    Dodge, Martin; Kitchin, Rob

    2004-01-01

    Commercial air travel is a key global industry facilitating the complex daily movements of planes, people, goods, and services across the world. In this paper we analyse contemporary air travel through the conceptualisation of a culture of real virtuality.We contend that air travel now consists of passage through 'code/space'. Such code/space includes travel websites, check-in, security check- points, flight decks, air-traffic control, immigration, and customs checkpoints, which t...

  19. Prevention of Medical Events During Air Travel: A Narrative Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naouri, Diane; Lapostolle, Frederic; Rondet, Claire; Ganansia, Olivier; Pateron, Dominique; Yordanov, Youri

    2016-09-01

    Prior to traveling, and when seeking medical pretravel advice, patients consult their personal physicians. Inflight medical issues are estimated to occur up to 350 times per day worldwide (1/14,000-40,000 passengers). Specific characteristics of the air cabin environment are associated with hypoxia and the expansion of trapped gases into body cavities, which can lead to harm. The most frequent medical events during air travel include abdominal pain; ear, nose, and throat pathologies; psychiatric disorders; and life-threatening events such as acute respiratory failure or cardiac arrest. Physicians need to be aware of the management of these conditions in this unusual setting. Chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are common and are at increased risk of acute exacerbation. Physicians must be trained in these conditions and inform their patients about their prevention. PMID:27267286

  20. Air Travel Choices in Multi-Airport Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Jun Ishii; Sunyoung Jun; Kurt Van Dender

    2006-01-01

    We estimate a conditional logit model to measure the impact of airport and airline supply characteristics on the air travel choices of passengers departing from one of three San Francisco Bay area airports and arriving at one of four airports in greater Los Angeles in October 1995. Non-price characteristics like airport access time, airport delay, flight frequency, the availability of particular airport-airline combinations, and early arrival times are found to strongly affect choice probabil...

  1. Life Style Education: Are We Prepared for Changes?

    OpenAIRE

    Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-01-01

    The public should be aware of the sudden change of life style of some people that makes their life completely different from their previous ones. All of us must be ready to face any circumstances from this manifestation in the future.  The rich, wealthy and famous should be made aware that that type of life style is not wrong, but they should also be taught how to follow a normal way of life. Proper guidance and counselling on how to live normally needs to be provided with especially designed...

  2. Australian food life style segments and elaboration likelihood differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Reid, Mike

    As the global food marketing environment becomes more competitive, the international and comparative perspective of consumers' attitudes and behaviours becomes more important for both practitioners and academics. This research employs the Food-Related Life Style (FRL) instrument in Australia...... in order to 1) determine Australian Life Style Segments and compare these with their European counterparts, and to 2) explore differences in elaboration likelihood among the Australian segments, e.g. consumers' interest and motivation to perceive product related communication. The results provide new...... insights into cross-cultural similarities and differences, into elaboration likelihood differences among consumer segments, and show how the involvement construct may be used as basis for communication development....

  3. High-Speed Civil Transport Will Revolutionize Air Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    NASA is developing advanced technologies that will allow industry to build a high-speed civil transport that will revolutionize overseas air travel. The technology challenges include developing low-cost materials and structural concepts as well as supersonic engines that can meet stringent noise and emissions standards. NASA's goal is to provide enabling technologies that will reduce the travel time to the Far East by 50 percent within 25 years, and do so at today's subsonic ticket prices. This research is part of NASA's Aeronautics and Space Transportation Technology (ASTT) Enterprise's strategy to sustain U.S. leadership in aeronautics and space. The Enterprise has set bold goals that are grouped into Three Pillars: Global Civil Aviation, Revolutionary Technology Leaps and Access to Space.

  4. Fundraising flights: a levy on international air travel for adaptation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birch, Tom; Chambwera, Muyeye

    2011-03-15

    Adapting to climate change will not be cheap: it will cost an estimated tens of billions of dollars each year. But where will the money come from? The UN climate negotiations have set up dedicated funds for the task but domestic politics have resulted in insufficient, variable and unreliable contributions from governments. An innovative adaptation levy on international air travel could help fill the gap. A small charge to individual travellers would raise up to US$10 billion a year. The levy, which follows the 'polluter pays' principle, could be implemented very quickly and at minimal cost and would go a long way to raising sums that could make a significant difference.

  5. The Impact of World Views on Professional Life-Styling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Darrell

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the impact of world views on professional life style and counselor value systems. A philosophical approach is outlined. Theism, deism, agnosticism and antheism are discussed. Another author reviews this approach and urges counselors to focus on the philosophical area of axiology. (Author/CC)

  6. Do pregnant women have a higher risk for venous thromboembolism following air travel?

    OpenAIRE

    Morteza Izadi; Mohammad Javad Alemzadeh-Ansari; Davood Kazemisaleh; Maryam Moshkani-Farahani; Akbar Shafiee

    2015-01-01

    International travel has become increasingly common and accessible, and it is part of everyday life in pregnant women. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious public health disorder that occurs following long-haul travel, especially after air travel. The normal pregnancy is accompanied by a state of hypercoagulability and hypofibrinolysis. Thus, it seems that pregnant women are at a higher risk of VTE following air travel, and, if they have preexisting risk factors, this risk would increase...

  7. Radiation Physics for Space and High Altitude Air Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cucinotta, F. A.; Wilson, J. W.; Goldhagen, P.; Saganti, P.; Shavers, M. R.; McKay, Gordon A. (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    Galactic cosmic rays (GCR) are of extra-solar origin consisting of high-energy hydrogen, helium, and heavy ions. The GCR are modified by physical processes as they traverse through the solar system, spacecraft shielding, atmospheres, and tissues producing copious amounts of secondary radiation including fragmentation products, neutrons, mesons, and muons. We discuss physical models and measurements relevant for estimating biological risks in space and high-altitude air travel. Ambient and internal spacecraft computational models for the International Space Station and a Mars mission are discussed. Risk assessment is traditionally based on linear addition of components. We discuss alternative models that include stochastic treatments of columnar damage by heavy ion tracks and multi-cellular damage following nuclear fragmentation in tissue.

  8. Promotion of healthy life-style in kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    Kos, Nataša

    2012-01-01

    The theoretical part of this thesis presents a programme entitled Health in Kindergarten, which aims at teaching pre-school children how to live healthy. This programme is primarily focused on preventing illnesses, since a healthy life-style can often help us avoid diseases before they develop. The programme affects the following areas: chronic non-contagious diseases (diet, physical activity), chronic contagious diseases (hygiene, infection prevention, vaccination), injuries and poisoning (s...

  9. LIFE STYLE OF RENTED LAND OWNERS IN UBUD SUBDISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was intended to analyze the Life Style of the Rented Land Owners at Ubud Subdistrict. The problems of the study are formulated as follows: (1 what is the characteristic of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict like? (2 How has the process of life style of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict  taken place? And (3 what is the implication of the life style of the rented land owners on their lives? Qualitative method was employed in the study. The data were processed using observation, interview and documentary techniques. The workability of the law regulating the demand for land at Ubud Subdistrict motivated the land owners to rent out their land to investors. Apart from that, the internal dimension, which is made up of the economical capital, was the most important element as it could activate small, medium and big enterprises. Another aspect was image which was reflected through perception, cognition, motivation, and attitude of individuals as consumers. As an illustration, they built luxurious houses and showed off luxurious cars to show the image that they were new wealthy people. On the other hand, there was external dimension, namely, the highly rapid development of tourism, which could positively and negatively contribute to the life style of the people living at Ubud Subdistrict. Such an implication could not be avoided. The other aspect was consumerism; the consumers were around the symbol and sign. Mass media were the miracles of the object liturgy; pleasure was defined as the realization of freedom, and the human body was the main object of consumers. The last aspect was the government’s policy which determined that Ubud Subdistrict was a tourist destination. As a result, the local people had the opportunity to rent out their land which was used to expand the industry of tourism and to activate the other economic enterprises.

  10. Urban Farming: Towards Eco-Friendly Urban Life Style

    OpenAIRE

    R.M. Channaveer

    2006-01-01

    Green Revolution assured food security but it took away sustainability of environment. Corporate culture, on the other hand, exploits both natural and human resources posing danger to the equilibrium of nature. Excess use of fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified seeds in Indian agriculture is the most prominent factor in the degradation of agriculture system due to anti-environment practices. To speak of the urban life style, which is succumbing to the industrial pollution and envi...

  11. Life style and behavior of school children without parental care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kvrgić Svetlana T.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Indroduction Life style (behavior is one of the most significant factors affecting health. Although a number of factors participate in creating behavior, family is one the most important. The goal was to analyze the life style of children without parental care. Material and methods The research was done using cross-sectional data from "Children village" in Sremska Kamenica (N=127, and a questionnaire was especially created for this purpose. Results and discussion It was established that 75% of elementary school children and 43% of high school children are physically active. The greatest health risk is smoking (only 50% of students reported never to smoke cigarettes, while 17.5% were daily smokers. The problem is greatest in high school children (43% polled are daily smokers. Alcohol consumption is less common than in the general population of the same age (10% polled drink beer and wine several times a month, while 5% drink spirits - brandy, whisky etc.. Attitudes to sports, smoking and alcohol are mainly positive, but at older age there is an increased number of children with negative attitudes. Knowledge regarding healthy diet is on a lower level comparing with general population, meals are more regular, but with less desirable food. Conclusion From the aspect of health, life style of children without parental care is characterized by risky behavior, particularly in high school children.

  12. Research Breathes New Life Into Senior Travel Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blazey, Michael

    1986-01-01

    A survey of older citizens concerning travel interests revealed constraints to participation in a travel program. A description is given of how research on attitudes and life styles indicated ways in which these constraints could be lessened. (JD)

  13. Business Solutions Case Study: Marketing Zero Energy Homes: LifeStyle Homes, Melbourne, Florida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-06-01

    Building America research has shown that high-performance homes can potentially give builders an edge in the marketplace and can boost sales. But it doesn't happen automatically. It requires a tailored, easy to understand marketing campaign and sometimes a little flair. This case study highlights LifeStyle Homes’ successful marketing approach for their SunSmart home package, which has helped to boost sales for the company. SunSmart marketing includes a modified logo, weekly blog, social media, traditional advertising, website, and sales staff training. Marketing focuses on quality, durability, healthy indoor air, and energy efficiency with an emphasis on the surety of third-party verification and the scientific approach to developing the SunSmart package. With the introduction of SunSmart, LifeStyle began an early recovery, nearly doubling sales in 2010; SunSmart sales now exceed 300 homes, including more than 20 zero energy homes. Completed homes in 2014 far outpaced the national (19%) and southern census region (27%) recovery rates for the same period. As technology improves and evolves, this builder will continue to collaborate with Building America.

  14. Novel shielding materials for space and air travel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The reduction of dose onboard spacecraft and aircraft by appropriate shielding measures plays an essential role in the future development of space exploration and air travel. The design of novel shielding strategies and materials may involve hydrogenous composites, as it is well known that liquid hydrogen is most effective in attenuating charged particle radiation. As precursor for a later flight experiment, the shielding properties of newly developed hydrogen-rich polymers and rare earth-doped high-density rubber were tested in various ground-based neutron and heavy ion fields and compared with aluminium and polyethylene as reference materials. Absorbed dose, average linear energy transfer and gamma-equivalent neutron absorbed dose were determined by means of LiF:Mg,Ti thermoluminescence dosemeters and CR-39 plastic nuclear track detectors. First results for samples of equal aerial density indicate that selected hydrogen-rich plastics and rare-earth-doped rubber may be more effective in attenuating cosmic rays by up to 10% compared with conventional aluminium shielding. The appropriate adaptation of shielding thicknesses may thus allow reducing the biologically relevant dose. Owing to the lower density of the plastic composites, mass savings shall result in a significant reduction of launch costs. The experiment was flown as part of the European Space Agency's Biopan-5 mission in May 2005. (authors)

  15. The association between air travel and deep vein thrombosis: Systematic review & meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Yaser

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Air travel has been linked with the development of deep vein thrombosis (DVT since the 1950s with a number of plausible explanations put forward for causation. No systematic review of the literature exploring this association has previously been published. Methods A comprehensive search was undertaken (Data bases searched were: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library for studies that estimated both the incidence and the risk of DVT in air travellers relative to non-air travellers. Results In total 254 studies were identified but only six incidence studies and four risk studies met inclusion criteria justifying their use in a systematic review. Incidence of symptomatic DVT ranged from (0% in one study to (0.28% which was reported in pilots over ten years. The incidence of asymptomatic DVT ranged from (0% to (10.34%. Pooled odds ratios for the two case control studies examining the risk of DVT following air travel were 1.11 (95% CI: 0.64–1.94. Pooled odds ratios for all models of travel including two studies of prolonged air travel (more than three hours were 1.70 (95% CI: 0.89–3.22. Conclusion We found no definitive evidence that prolonged (more than 3-hours travel including air travel, increases the risk of DVT. There is evidence to suggest that flights of eight hours or more increase the risk of DVT if additional risk factors exist.

  16. Life Style Education: Are We Prepared for Changes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The public should be aware of the sudden change of life style of some people that makes their life completely different from their previous ones. All of us must be ready to face any circumstances from this manifestation in the future.  The rich, wealthy and famous should be made aware that that type of life style is not wrong, but they should also be taught how to follow a normal way of life. Proper guidance and counselling on how to live normally needs to be provided with especially designed lectures and classes. Bringing these “students” to remote villages where the poor and the disadvantaged live may help them to understand the hardships of life around them. Having a short intern period within such a community will help them further understand the real life of the majority in their country. Furthermore, if they are always taught in an environment of luxury and are never faced with a normal education system and style of life, a major problem arises: if, in the future, our country is led by such graduates, who never went through our normal education system or lived a normal style of life, how can they understand and lead the majority in our country? This paper discusses this phenomenon.

  17. ANALYZING THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AND HEALTHY LIFE STYLE BEHAVIORS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Aykut DÜNDAR; Aktuğ, Zait Burak; YETİŞ, Ümit; Talha MURATHAN; Fatih MURATHAN

    2013-01-01

    Students can develop a life style that will negatively affect their health due to their leaving from the family environment they have been accustomed to, their being open to external effects and their making their own choices significantly in university years concurrent with their youth. It is also possible for the young to carry this life style into their life after their education at university. In the research, it was aimed to analyze the physical activity levels and healthy life style beh...

  18. Policies that promote changing life styles related to energies. Energy ni kakawaru life style no henka wo unagasu seisaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchiya, N. (Environmental Research Center, Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-06-30

    Discussions were given on implementation methods and effects of policies that promote changing life styles related to energy consumption. Calculations prove that saving electric power by 10.6% and gas by 14.5% is possible if carefully thought-out efforts are given on saving energies in using refrigerators, gas ovens, baths, washers, cleaners, TV sets, lightings, and Japanese foot warmers. Simulations have been performed on possibilities of reducing CO2 emission. A case that improvement of energy utilization efficiency and use of solar energy are introduced was set up as Option 1. A case that careful energy saving efforts are given on the civil sector and automobile utilization over Option 1 was handled as Option 2. The result showed that the CO2 emission can be reduced less by 32% than the reference case in Option 1, and Option 2 resulted in 9% reduction over Option 1. On the other hand, policies to aid changing life styles may include warning the current energy consuming levels, encouraging and paying subsidies on energy saving products, and imposing taxes on low efficiency products. 7 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  19. Adoption of Mobile Commerce in the Air Travel Sector: A Qualitative Survey of Attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelos Christou

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The study presented in this paper examines the case of the customer adoption of an air travel innovation, namely delivering through mobile telephones electronic tickets as well as boarding passes and other related services for air travel, which may be viewed as an innovation in service delivery. The qualitative study reported here adopted Rogers’ model of perceived innovation attributes and was augmented by Bauer’s framework of perceived risk. Participants in focus groups were categorized according to their attitudes towards buying electronic tickets for air travel through mobile phones. The perceived innovation attributes were identified to be significant determinants of travelers’ adoption decisions and practices. In addition, two more dimensions (compatibility with a person’s values and previous experience with the product category were found to influence travelers’ adoption decisions, stressing the high complexity of the adoption decisions for mobile phone-based air travel service innovations. The findings have practical value for organizations in the air travel sector as well as for Global Distribution Systems (GDSs and traditional travel agents.

  20. Food-related life styles in Singapore: Testing a Western European research instrument in Southeast Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askegaard, Søren; Brunsø, Karen; Crippen, Kaye;

    The food-related life style instrument developed by the MAPP research group has, up til now, been applied mainly in the context of European cultures. The purpose of the present study is to apply the food-related life style instrument in a new and very different cultural setting, to compare result...

  1. Impact of Cultural Values and Life Style on Impulse Buying Behavior: A case study of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAHID BASHIR, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN, SABBARDAHHAM SABBAR, RAI IMTIAZ HUSSAIN and IRSHAD HUSAIN SARKI.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to predict the impact of cultural values and life styles on impulse buying behavior of Pakistani customers. Survey methodology was used to collect the data by adopting convenient sampling technique. An empirical method was used to analyze the data. The T-test indicates that gender role is the only one variable of cultural values and life style of Pakistani customers where significant difference exists between male and female customers while making impulse buying behavior. Correlation test is used to analyze the relationship among the variables of cultural values and life style; the results suggest that there exist significant relation among all the variables of cultural values and life styles. The results also suggest that impulse buying behavior is predicted by security, life satisfaction, gender role, financial satisfaction, in group contact and life style variables of cultural values and lifestyles of Pakistani consumers.

  2. Food-related life style: Development of a cross-culturally valid instrument for market surveillance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1993-01-01

    an important input to a food producer's strategy formation. 2. Life style measurement has been widely used in marketing, namely for guiding advertising strategy, segmentation, and product development. Life style is potentially a valuable tool for market surveillance. 3. Life style studies as they are currently......Executive summary: 1. Surveying end users is a major component of market surveillance in the food industry. End users' value perception is the final determinant of how all other actors in the food chain can make a living. To perceive trends that affect how consumers value food products is therefore......-related life style that avoids these problems and is geared towards market surveillance in the food industry. It is rooted in the cognitive approach to explain human behaviour, and the main assertion is that life style is how consumers mentally link products to the attainment of life values. 5. Food...

  3. Do pregnant women have a higher risk for venous thromboembolism following air travel?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morteza Izadi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available International travel has become increasingly common and accessible, and it is part of everyday life in pregnant women. Venous thromboembolism (VTE is a serious public health disorder that occurs following long-haul travel, especially after air travel. The normal pregnancy is accompanied by a state of hypercoagulability and hypofibrinolysis. Thus, it seems that pregnant women are at a higher risk of VTE following air travel, and, if they have preexisting risk factors, this risk would increase. There is limited data about travel-related VTE in pregnant women; therefore, in the present study, we tried to evaluate the pathogenesis of thrombosis, association of thrombosis and air travel, risk factors and prevention of VTE in pregnant women based on available evidences. Pregnancy is associated with a five- to 10-fold increased risk of VTE compared with nonpregnant women; however, during the postpartum period, this risk would increase to 20-80-fold. Furthermore, the risk of thrombosis is higher in individuals with preexisting risk factors, and the most common risk factor for VTE during pregnancy is a previous history of VTE. Pregnant women are at a higher risk for thrombosis compared with other women. Thus, the prevention of VTE and additional risk factors should be considered for all pregnant women who travel by plane.

  4. Mesenteric venous thrombosis after prolonged air travel-a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joaqun Salas-Coronas; Jos L Serrano-Carrillo; Ana B Lozano-Serrano; Jos C Snchez-Snchez; Leticia Miras-Lucas; Rosario Prez-Moyano

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of acute mesenteric venous thrombosis after a long distance flight in a traveller presenting with abdominal pain, diarrhoea and vomiting within 48 h of prolonged immobility situation. Venous thrombosis in the lower limbs and venous thromboembolism has been clearly associated with prolonged air travel (economy class syndrome). Thrombosis was diagnosed by computed tomography of the abdomen, and after starting anticoagulant therapy with acenocumarol, symptoms yielded completely in a few weeks. The study of thrombophilia was negative, although the existence of two first-degree relatives (mother and grandmother) with a history of venous thrombosis with a history of venous thrombosis makes it likely a situation of inherited thrombophilia. Although exceptional, mesenteric venous thrombosis should be considered in travellers with acute abdominal pain after prolonged air travel when there are thrombophilic conditions.

  5. Development and testing of a cross-culturally valid instrument: food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    1995-01-01

    Based on a cognitive perspective, we propose to make life style specific to certain areas of consumption. The specific area of consumption studied here is food, resulting in a concept of food-related life style. We have developed an instrument tha measure food-related life style in a cross......-culturaly valid way. To this end we have developed a pool of 202 items, collected data in three countries, and have constructed scales based on cross-culturally stable factor patterns. We have then applie set of scales to a fourth country, in order to further test the cross-cultural validity of the instrument....

  6. Identifying food-related life style segments by a cross-culturally valid scaling device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    1994-01-01

    We present a new view of life style, based on a cognitive perspective, which makes life style specific to certain areas of consumption. The specific area of consumption studied here is food, resulting in a concept of food-related life style. An instrument is developed that can measure food...... then applied the set of scales to a fourth country, Germany, based on a representative sample of 1000 respondents. The scales had, with a fe exceptions, moderately good reliabilities. A cluster ana-ly-sis led to the identification of 5 segments, which differed on all 23 scales....

  7. Life style and home environment are associated with racial disparities of asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Yuexia, E-mail: ysun@engr.psu.edu [Texas Institute of Allergy, Indoor Environment and Energy (TxAIRE), University of Texas at Tyler, 3900 University Blvd, Tyler, Tx 75799 (United States); Architecture Engineering Department, Pennsylvania State University, 104 Engineering Unit A, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Sundell, Jan, E-mail: ja.sundell@gmail.com [Dept of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing City 100084 (China); The Faculty of Urban Construction and Environmental Engineering, Chongqing University, Shapingba District, Chongqing City 400030 (China)

    2011-09-15

    A high prevalence and racial disparities in asthma and allergy have been observed in American children. This study aimed to identify risk factors for asthma and allergy among children, and their contribution to racial disparities in allergy prevalence. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among children aged 1-8 years in Northeast Texas 2008-2009. The health conditions, life style and home environment of 3766 children were surveyed by parental questionnaires through e.g. daycares, elementary school, and medical clinics. Among participants who indicated their ethnicity, 255 were Mexican-Americans, 178 Afro-Americans and 969 Caucasians. Afro-American children had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma and eczema. Caucasian had the highest prevalence of rhinitis. Compared to Mexican-American children, Afro-American and Caucasian children were breast fed shorter time, more often went to day care center, had pets and environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home more often. For all children, being at a day care center, being exposed to dampness and environmental tobacco smoke at home were strong risk factors for asthma and allergy. Central air conditioning system was associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze among Mexican-American children, while pets were associated with an increased risk of rhinitis among Afro-American and Caucasian children. Caucasian children were generally not healthier than relatively poor Mexican-American children. Differences in the prevalence of asthma and allergy between races cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. Life style and home environmental exposures are important risk factors for asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children. - Highlights: {yields} This is a general population cross-sectional study in Northeast Texas. {yields} Racial disparity of allergy cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. {yields} Life style and home environment caused racial disparity of allergy in children

  8. Life style and home environment are associated with racial disparities of asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high prevalence and racial disparities in asthma and allergy have been observed in American children. This study aimed to identify risk factors for asthma and allergy among children, and their contribution to racial disparities in allergy prevalence. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among children aged 1-8 years in Northeast Texas 2008-2009. The health conditions, life style and home environment of 3766 children were surveyed by parental questionnaires through e.g. daycares, elementary school, and medical clinics. Among participants who indicated their ethnicity, 255 were Mexican-Americans, 178 Afro-Americans and 969 Caucasians. Afro-American children had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma and eczema. Caucasian had the highest prevalence of rhinitis. Compared to Mexican-American children, Afro-American and Caucasian children were breast fed shorter time, more often went to day care center, had pets and environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home more often. For all children, being at a day care center, being exposed to dampness and environmental tobacco smoke at home were strong risk factors for asthma and allergy. Central air conditioning system was associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze among Mexican-American children, while pets were associated with an increased risk of rhinitis among Afro-American and Caucasian children. Caucasian children were generally not healthier than relatively poor Mexican-American children. Differences in the prevalence of asthma and allergy between races cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. Life style and home environmental exposures are important risk factors for asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children. - Highlights: → This is a general population cross-sectional study in Northeast Texas. → Racial disparity of allergy cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. → Life style and home environment caused racial disparity of allergy in children. → Daycare

  9. Effects of simulated domestic and international air travel on sleep, performance, and recovery for team sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, P; Duffield, R; Vaile, J

    2015-06-01

    The present study examined effects of simulated air travel on physical performance. In a randomized crossover design, 10 physically active males completed a simulated 5-h domestic flight (DOM), 24-h simulated international travel (INT), and a control trial (CON). The mild hypoxia, seating arrangements, and activity levels typically encountered during air travel were simulated in a normobaric, hypoxic altitude room. Physical performance was assessed in the afternoon of the day before (D - 1 PM) and in the morning (D + 1 AM) and afternoon (D + 1 PM) of the day following each trial. Mood states and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise were also examined at these time points, while sleep quantity and quality were monitored throughout each condition. Sleep quantity and quality were significantly reduced during INT compared with CON and DOM (P  0.05). Compared with baseline, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise, and mood states were exacerbated following the INT trial (P < 0.05). Attenuated intermittent-sprint performance following simulated international air travel may be due to sleep disruption during travel and the subsequent exacerbated physiological and perceptual markers of fatigue. PMID:24750359

  10. TRAVEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Venice Lau

    2012-01-01

    <正>01"孤星之州"户外探险之旅>温润的气候、湛蓝的天空、充足的阳光和雄美壮丽的地貌资源,令美国得克萨斯州终年引人入胜,而旅游网站TravelTex正好带你畅游德州最刺激好玩的冒险之旅。德州拥有六百多英里波光粼粼的海岸线,毗邻墨西哥湾暖流,吸引着游客体验多姿多彩的户外活动,不论赏鸟、远足、游钓,还是斯库巴潜水,都是户外探险爱好者的理想胜地。狂热的垂钓迷可以沿着幽

  11. Skip the trip: air travelers' behavioral responses to pandemic influenza.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli P Fenichel

    Full Text Available Theory suggests that human behavior has implications for disease spread. We examine the hypothesis that individuals engage in voluntary defensive behavior during an epidemic. We estimate the number of passengers missing previously purchased flights as a function of concern for swine flu or A/H1N1 influenza using 1.7 million detailed flight records, Google Trends, and the World Health Organization's FluNet data. We estimate that concern over "swine flu," as measured by Google Trends, accounted for 0.34% of missed flights during the epidemic. The Google Trends data correlates strongly with media attention, but poorly (at times negatively with reported cases in FluNet. Passengers show no response to reported cases. Passengers skipping their purchased trips forwent at least $50 M in travel related benefits. Responding to actual cases would have cut this estimate in half. Thus, people appear to respond to an epidemic by voluntarily engaging in self-protection behavior, but this behavior may not be responsive to objective measures of risk. Clearer risk communication could substantially reduce epidemic costs. People undertaking costly risk reduction behavior, for example, forgoing nonrefundable flights, suggests they may also make less costly behavior adjustments to avoid infection. Accounting for defensive behaviors may be important for forecasting epidemics, but linking behavior with epidemics likely requires consideration of risk communication.

  12. An approach to estimate the number of SARS cases imported by international air travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goubar, A; Bitar, D; Cao, W C; Feng, D; Fang, L Q; Desenclos, J C

    2009-07-01

    The worldwide spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) raised questions about the risk of importation of such infection, in particular by air travel. Entry screening was implemented in some countries although poor evidence on its effectiveness is reported. We developed a model to estimate the number of imported SARS cases between regions, using the 2003 SARS epidemic data to apply this model for two scenarios: from Beijing to Frankfurt and from Hong Kong to London. We back-calculated the data to estimate individuals' time of infection and built a model where every individual has a probability of being isolated, of traveling, and of being undetected at arrival. The findings, consistent with what was observed in 2003, suggest that entry screening does not affect the predicted number of imported cases. Inversely, importation depends on the transmission dynamic in the country of origin (including control measures in place) and on the intensity of air travel between regions. PMID:19079846

  13. Demand modelling of passenger air travel: An analysis and extension. Volume 1: Background and summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, I. D.

    1978-01-01

    The framework for a model of travel demand which will be useful in predicting the total market for air travel between two cities is discussed. Variables to be used in determining the need for air transportation where none currently exists and the effect of changes in system characteristics on attracting latent demand are identified. Existing models are examined in order to provide insight into their strong points and shortcomings. Much of the existing behavioral research in travel demand is incorporated to allow the inclusion of non-economic factors, such as convenience. The model developed is characterized as a market segmentation model. This is a consequence of the strengths of disaggregation and its natural evolution to a usable aggregate formulation. The need for this approach both pedagogically and mathematically is discussed.

  14. A Study on Clean Behavior and Life Style among High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    高田, 直子; 服部, 洋兒; 金子, 恵一; 平野, 嘉彦; 村松, 園江; 村松, 常司

    2005-01-01

    We have conducted an investigation for clean behavior and daily life style among high school students. As research subjects, 621 high school students were randomly selected, and given a questionnaire containing life style patterns, reasons for cleaning body, hygiene-related knowledge and self-esteem. As a result, in factor analysis of clean behavior, five factors, common evasion, clean custom strict enforcement, body surface clean maintenance, oral hygiene consciousness and environmental clea...

  15. Obesity Epidemic: Genes, Sedentary Life Style or Over Nutrition to Blame?

    OpenAIRE

    Shirin Tarbiat; Cletus JM D‟souza

    2013-01-01

    The proximate cause of obesity is an imbalance in the energy input and energy expenditure. It was believed that the sedentary life style of Western Societies which resulted in grossly reduced energy expenditure was the main cause of the imbalance. Studies carried out in recent years have challenged this belief, and have shown that the energy expenditure even in a sedentary life style is not grossly reduced. Although obesity has a genetic basis, it cannot be attributed to a signal gene or even...

  16. The effect of flight-related behaviour on the risk of venous thrombosis after air travel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreijer, Anja J.M.; Cannegieter, Suzanne C.; Doggen, Carine J.M.; Rosendaal, Frits R.

    2009-01-01

    In a case–control study including 11 033 participants (The Multiple Environmental and Genetic Assessment of risk factors for venous thrombosis study) on risk factors of venous thrombosis, we studied the effect of flight-related behaviour on the risk of venous thrombosis after air travel. Patients an

  17. Near surface spatially averaged air temperature and wind speed determined by acoustic travel time tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Raabe

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Acoustic travel time tomography is presented as a possibility for remote monitoring of near surface airtemperature and wind fields. This technique provides line-averaged effective sound speeds changing with temporally and spatially variable air temperature and wind vector. The effective sound speed is derived from the travel times of sound signals which propagate at defined paths between different acoustic sources and receivers. Starting with the travel time data a tomographic algorithm (Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique, SIRT is used to calculate area-averaged air temperature and wind speed. The accuracy of the experimental method and the tomographic inversion algorithm is exemplarily demonstrated for one day without remarkable differences in the horizontal temperature field, determined by independent in situ measurements at different points within the measuring field. The differences between the conventionally determined air temperature (point measurement and the air temperature determined by tomography (area-averaged measurement representative for the area of the measuring field 200m x 260m were below 0.5 K for an average of 10 minutes. The differences obtained between the wind speed measured at a meteorological mast and calculated from acoustic measurements are not higher than 0.5 ms-1 for the same averaging time. The tomographically determined area-averaged distribution of air temperature (resolution 50 m x 50 m can be used to estimate the horizontal gradient of air temperature as a pre-condition to detect horizontal turbulent fluxes of sensible heat.

  18. Life style and risk of development of dental caries in a population of adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Krawczyk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Oxygen is an essential element for sustaining the life of aerobes; however, in certain conditions it may be toxic for these organisms. This is due to so-called reactive oxygen species – ROS. Factors which cause the production of free radicals include ionizing radiation, UV radiation, high temperature, and hazardous substances, such as phenols, carbon monoxide, e.g. in smokers, also air pollution and drugs. Objective. The objective of the study was analysis of the total antioxidant status (TAS in stimulated and unstimulated saliva, according to the number of active carious lesions in generally healthy non-smokers aged 15–17. Materials and method. The study covered 113 adolescents aged 15–17 in whom the state of dentition was evaluated using the DMFT (Decayed-Missing-Filled index, and oral hygiene assessed based on the OHI-S (Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified index. TAS in saliva was determined by means of a Randox Labolatories Ltd. test kit, by the spectrophotometric method. Results. Based on the results of the study, it was found that in the population examined an increase in the number of carious lesions was accompanied by a significant decrease in the TAS, both in stimulated and unstimulated saliva. Conclusions. A health-promoting life style, maintenance of basic principles of oral hygiene and care of general health through the elimination of harmful habits decrease the risk of dental caries.

  19. A case of cerebral aneurysm rupture and subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with air travel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui V

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Victoria Cui,1,2 Timur Kouliev,1 Jason Wood1 1Beijing United Family Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA Abstract: During air travel, passengers are exposed to unique conditions such as rapid ascent and descent that can trigger significant physiological changes. In addition, the cabins of commercial aircraft are only partially pressured to 552–632 mmHg or the equivalent terrestrial altitudes of 1,500–2,500 m (5,000–8,000 feet above sea level. While studies in high-altitude medicine have shown that all individuals experience some degree of hypoxia, cerebral edema, and increased cerebral blood flow, the neurological effects that accompany these changes are otherwise poorly understood. In this study, we report a case of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured cerebral aneurysm associated with travel on commercial aircraft. We then review relevant cases of neurological incidents with possible air travel-related etiology and discuss the physiological factors that may have contributed to the patient's acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. In the future, this report may serve as reference for more detailed and conservative medical guidelines and recommendations regarding air travel. Keywords: high-altitude, cabin pressure, emergency, cerebral edema, triage, neurological

  20. Demand modelling of passenger air travel: An analysis and extension, volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, I. D.

    1978-01-01

    Previous intercity travel demand models in terms of their ability to predict air travel in a useful way and the need for disaggregation in the approach to demand modelling are evaluated. The viability of incorporating non-conventional factors (i.e. non-econometric, such as time and cost) in travel demand forecasting models are determined. The investigation of existing models is carried out in order to provide insight into their strong points and shortcomings. The model is characterized as a market segmentation model. This is a consequence of the strengths of disaggregation and its natural evolution to a usable aggregate formulation. The need for this approach both pedagogically and mathematically is discussed. In addition this volume contains two appendices which should prove useful to the non-specialist in the area.

  1. Effects of simulated domestic and international air travel on sleep, performance, and recovery for team sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, P; Duffield, R; Vaile, J

    2015-06-01

    The present study examined effects of simulated air travel on physical performance. In a randomized crossover design, 10 physically active males completed a simulated 5-h domestic flight (DOM), 24-h simulated international travel (INT), and a control trial (CON). The mild hypoxia, seating arrangements, and activity levels typically encountered during air travel were simulated in a normobaric, hypoxic altitude room. Physical performance was assessed in the afternoon of the day before (D - 1 PM) and in the morning (D + 1 AM) and afternoon (D + 1 PM) of the day following each trial. Mood states and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise were also examined at these time points, while sleep quantity and quality were monitored throughout each condition. Sleep quantity and quality were significantly reduced during INT compared with CON and DOM (P  0.05). Compared with baseline, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise, and mood states were exacerbated following the INT trial (P sleep disruption during travel and the subsequent exacerbated physiological and perceptual markers of fatigue.

  2. Food-related life styles in Australia: Testing of the MAPP food-related life style instrument in an Australian context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Grunert, Klaus G.; Li, Elton;

    As the global food marketing environment becomes more competitive, marketers will need to devise mechanisms for understanding and mapping changes in consumers' food-related attitudes and behaviours. Such knowledge is paramount in devising and adjusting marketing strategies, building superior mark......, and to compare Australian consumers with their international counterparts. The research represents the first stage in an on-going process of mapping movements in Australian consumer food-related life styles and linking these to global trends and changes....... based assets, and creating a stronger consumer focus. This research employs the Food-Related Life Styles (FRL) instrument developed by Grunert, Brunsø & Bisp, (1993) to determine the validity of the instrument in an Australian context, to build an a better understanding of Australian food consumers...

  3. Healthy Life Style Beheviours of The Nurses and The Determination of Affecting Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehtap Curcani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study was carried out descriptively with the aim of determining the variables affecting healthy life style behaviors of the nurses. METHOD: The study was carried on between the date’s may-June 2007 at Ataturk University Yakutiye Research Hospital on Suleyman Demirel Training and Research Hospitals. The research was carried out with 205 nurses. In the collection of the data survey form including personal behaviors of the nurses, and the Health Promotion Life-Style Profile prepared by researchers were used in the direction of literature. RESULTS: Total score of Health Promotion Life-Style Profile of the nurses participating in the research was 121.20±18.30, and sub-group scale scores; health responsibility is 20.88±3.76 and physical activities is 14.04±4.22, and nutritional habit is 19.57±3.80, and mental development is 25.36±4.47, and relations between persons is 24.04±4.07, and stress management is 17.09±3.59. There was statistically significant distinction between total score average and the situation of hawing children, and working duration and education level of the nurses (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: At the end of the result, it was determined that average of Health Promotion Life-Style Profile of the nurses was middle level and that the most common and most noticeable health life style behaviors of the nurses was mental development, and that the least applied health life style behaviors of the nurses was physical activities. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 487-492

  4. Estimating the malaria risk of African mosquito movement by air travel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogers David J

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The expansion of global travel has resulted in the importation of African Anopheles mosquitoes, giving rise to cases of local malaria transmission. Here, cases of 'airport malaria' are used to quantify, using a combination of global climate and air traffic volume, where and when are the greatest risks of a Plasmodium falciparum-carrying mosquito being importated by air. This prioritises areas at risk of further airport malaria and possible importation or reemergence of the disease. Methods Monthly data on climate at the World's major airports were combined with air traffic information and African malaria seasonality maps to identify, month-by-month, those existing and future air routes at greatest risk of African malaria-carrying mosquito importation and temporary establishment. Results The location and timing of recorded airport malaria cases proved predictable using a combination of climate and air traffic data. Extending the analysis beyond the current air network architecture enabled identification of the airports and months with greatest climatic similarity to P. falciparum endemic regions of Africa within their principal transmission seasons, and therefore at risk should new aviation routes become operational. Conclusion With the growth of long haul air travel from Africa, the identification of the seasonality and routes of mosquito importation is important in guiding effective aircraft disinsection and vector control. The recent and continued addition of air routes from Africa to more climatically similar regions than Europe will increase movement risks. The approach outlined here is capable of identifying when and where these risks are greatest.

  5. Using the Internet for Life Style Changes in Diet and Physical Activity: A Feasibility Study

    OpenAIRE

    Anhøj, Jacob; Jensen, Anne Holm

    2004-01-01

    Background LinkMedica-Heart is a novel Internet based program intended to support people who seek to improve their life style by means of changes in diet and physical activity. The program is currently under evaluation in a clinical study and the present study is a feasibility test of the LinkMedica-Heart Internet based program. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate LinkMedica-Heart, an Internet based program we designed for support and maintenance of patient-led life style changes....

  6. Food-related life style segments in Australia: What's the trend?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    and adjusting marketing strategies, building superior market-based assets, and creating a stronger consumer focus for product development and communication purposes. This research employs the Food-Related LifeStyles (FRL) instrument developed by Grunert, Brunsø & Bisp (1997) to determine the validity...... of the instrument in an Australian context, to build a better understanding of Australian food consumers, and to compare Australian consumers with their international counterparts. The research represents an on-going process of mapping movements in Australian consumer food-related life styles and linking...

  7. 78 FR 10608 - David Grant United States Air Force Medical Center Specialty Care Travel Reimbursement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... authorized provider through the payment of travel costs from their residence to the MTF. The travel... well as processing any travel vouchers. Travel for a non-medical attendant (NMA) for patients...

  8. Income Growth, Urbanization, Changing Life Style and Energy Requirements in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yan; Shi Minjun

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to estimate the effects of changing life style and consumption demands driven by income growth and urbanization on increase of energy requirements in China, and es- timate the impacts of improvement in household consumption on mitigating energy requirements towards 2020, based on input-out- put analysis and scenarios simulation approach. The result shows that energy requirement per capita has increased by 159% for urban residents and 147% for rural residents from 1995 to 2004. Growth in household consumption driven by income growth and urbanization may induce a successive increase in energy require- ments in future. Per capita energy requirements of urban residents will increase by 240% during 2002-2015 and 330% during 2002-2020. Urbanization might lead to 0.75 billion ton of increment of energy requirements in 2020. About 45%-48% of total energy requirements in China might be a consequence of residents' life styles and the economic activities to support consumption demands in 2020. Under low-carbon life style scenario, per capita energy requirements of urban residents may decline to 97% in 2015 and 92% in 2020 in contrast with baseline scenario. That implies that China needs to pay a great attention to developing green low- carbon life style in order to realize mitigation target towards 2020.

  9. A review about the effect of life style modification on diabetes and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Prabha; Ghimire, Laxmi

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this review is to examine diabetes and quality of life improvements through modifying life style. The data was collected by reviewing published articles from PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and Google open access publications. The review identified prevention strategies can reduce the risk and complications of diabetes. Life style modification in relation to obesity, eating habit, and physical exercise can play a major role in the prevention of diabetes. Nowadays, there has been progress in the development of behavioural strategies to modify these life style habits and it is not easy to accept for long term basis. If people maintain a balanced diet and physical exercise this can have real and potential benefits for their prevention and control of complications from chronic diseases particularly for cardiovascular risk and diabetes. Healthy life style may best be achieved through public private partnerships involving government, partners organizations, health services providers, community and people living with diabetes. Effective strategies to reduce the incidence of diabetes globally and assist in managing the disease are urgently required. PMID:23121755

  10. Interrelation between Obesity, Oral Health, and Life-Style Factors among Turkish School Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cinar, Ayse Basak; Murtomaa, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    Obesity, dental caries, and periodontal diseases are among major public health concerns which may affect children's growth and development. This study seeks any clustering between obesity, oral health, and life-style factors among school children in Istanbul, Turkey. A cross-sectional study...

  11. The Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Healthy Life-Style Behaviors of Distance Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkan, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between physical activity levels and healthy life-style behaviors in distance education students in Hoca Ahmet Yesevi University. In total, 526 distance education students in Hoca Ahmet Yesevi University participated in this study voluntarily. The short form of International Physical…

  12. Health life-styles, health concern and social position in Germany and the Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stevens, F.C.J.; Diederiks, J.P.M.; Loschen, G.; Zee, J. van der

    1995-01-01

    Based on a telephone survey of 1352 adults in Germany and The Netherlands 3 health life-style dimensions were distinguished and labelled as: i) sobriety (not smoking, healthy food habits and abstinence from alcohol), ii) activity (participation in sports and exercise and low body mass index) and iii

  13. Conceptual framework on - establishing healthy life style centre in Chhattisgarh state, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamlesh Kumar Jain

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Lifestyle diseases characterized by those diseases whose occurrence is primarily based on the daily habits of people and are a result of an inappropriate relationship of people with their environment. The main factors contributing to lifestyle diseases include bad food habits, physical inactivity, wrong body posture, and disturbed biological clock. Lifestyle diseases are the most common causes of disability, morbidity and premature mortality. They account for 52% of deaths, 43% Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs and 62% of total disease burden in India. Life style disease can be prevented through focused and comprehensive public health intervention by establishment of Healthy Life Style Centre (HLSC. HLSC will be a comprehensive approach which will provide health services for Non-Communicable diseases under the one roof. The HLSC will offer consultation, learning, counselling and testing facilities regarding Diabetes and other Non-Communicable diseases (NCD. Life style diseases can be prevented through public health intervention by special task force and policy document related to life style disorders. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(2.000: 525-528

  14. Air travel and radiation risks - review of current knowledge; Flugreisen und Strahlenrisiken - eine aktuelle Uebersicht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zeeb, H. [Bielefeld Univ. (Germany). Fakultaet fuer Gesundheitswissenschaften; Blettner, M. [Mainz Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Medizinische Biometrie, Epidemiologie und Informatik

    2004-07-01

    Aircrew and passengers are exposed to cosmic radiation, in particular when travelling routes close to the poles and in high altitudes. The paper reviews current radiation measurement and estimation approaches as well as the actual level of cosmic radiation that personnel and travellers receive and summarizes the available epidemiological evidence on health effects of cosmic radiation. On average, German aircrew is exposed to les than 5 mSv per annum, and even frequent travellers only rarely reach values above 1 mSv/year. Cohort studies among aircrew have found very little evidence for an increased incidence or mortality of radiation-associated cancers. Only malignant melanoma rates have consistently found to be increased among male aircrew. Socioeconomic and reproductive aspects are likely to contribute to the slightly elevated breast cancer risk of female aircrew. Cytogenetic studies have not yielded consistent results. Based on these data overall risk increases for cancer among occupationally exposed aircrew appear unlikely. This also applies to air travellers who are usually exposed to much lower radiation levels. Occasional air travel during pregnancy does not pose a significant radiation risk, but further considerations apply in this situation. The currently available studies are limited with regard to methodological issues and case numbers so that a continuation of cohort studies in several European countries is being planned. (orig.) [German] Sowohl Flugpersonal wie Flugreisende sind kosmischer Strahlung ausgesetzt, insbesondere wenn sie auf polnahen Routen und in grossen Flughoehen reisen. Die vorliegende Arbeit gibt einen aktuellen Ueberblick ueber Mess- und Schaetzverfahren sowie das Ausmass der kosmischen Strahlenexposition und fasst die derzeit bekannte epidemiologische Evidenz zu gesundheitlichen Aspekten der kosmischen Strahlenexposition zusammen. Die durchschnittliche jaehrliche Strahlenexposition beruflich exponierten Flugpersonals liegt in

  15. A New Concept in Air Travel:Air France Launched Its New Product

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ On November 9, 2004, Air France unveiled its range of totally revamped inflght products to anticipate and satisfy its customers' expectations as closely as possible. There are two main new features,the redesigned l'Espace Premiere First Class at the pinnacle of luxury with added space and privacy, and the further enhanced l'Espace Affaires Business Class for optimum passenger comfort.

  16. Dissipative Travelling Wave Solution for EI Ni(n)o Tropic Sea-air Coupled Oscillator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEN Zhaohui; LIN Wantao; LIN Yihua; MO Jiaqi

    2010-01-01

    El Ni(n)o and Southern Oscillation(ENSO)is an interannual phenomenon involved in the tropical Pacific sea-air interactions.An asymptotic method of solving equations for the ENSO model is proposed.Based on a class of oscillator of ENSO model and by employing a simple and valid method of the variational iteration,the coupled system for a sea-air oscillator model of interdecadal climate fluctuations is studied.Firstly,by introducing a set of functionals and computing the variationals,the Lagrange multipliers are obtained.And then,the generalized variational iteration expressions are constructed.Finally,by selecting appropriate initial iteration,and from the iterations expressions,the approximations of solution for the sea-air oscillator ENSO model are solved successively.The approximate dissipative travelling wave solution of equations for corresponding ENSO model is studied.It is proved from the results that the method of the variational iteration can be used for analyzing the sea surface temperature anomaly in the equatorial Pa-cific of the sea-air oscillator for ENSO model.

  17. Friend Recommendation on Social Network Site Based on their Life Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya R

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social network sites attracted millions of users. In the social network sites, a user can register other users as friends and enjoy communication. Existing social networking sites recommend friends to users based on their social graphs, which may not be appropriate. In proposed system friends recommends to users based on their life styles instead of social graphs. It done by means of sensor rich smart- phone serve as the ideal platform for sensing daily routines from which people’s life styles could be discovered. Unsupervised learning method is used. Achieve an efficient activity Recognition and reduce the false positive of Friend Recommendation. Friendbook integrates a feedback mechanism. Finally the results show that the recommendations accurately reflect the preferences of users in choosing friends.

  18. A Conflict of Life Styles Embodied in Family Relations:A Psychological Study of Mother

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华翔

    2013-01-01

    Mother in Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio is a typical story reveals Anderson’s dissatisfaction with the change of life style in his time. In this story he has created a father who dares not to face reality directly but only cherishes some illusion of wealth and political power. The mother is totally against the life style in vogue, but her resistance meets constant failure be-cause of the great power of it. In the following, the psychological state of the couple will be studied with an eye on there relation and their respective relation with the son, hoping this will give more insight to the understanding of Anderson ’s artistic product.

  19. Migrant mothers in unstable environments balancing healthy life styles and parenting responsiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlevsen, Kia

    the notion of a universal, adequate parenting style and practice. The paper will address the overall question of how migrant mothers deal with health related concerns for their children, while living in precarious conditions. The following themes will be explored in the presentation: “Appropriate parenting......Overweight is an increasing problem among children in the Western World. International research points to an overrepresentation among children in migrant families of non-western origin, and the importance of early interventions and focus on overweight toddlers. Key concepts are parenting style...... and -practice. This paper investigates the promotion of healthy life styles in migrant families, living in insecure or uncertain situations in Denmark. It will describe the logics, rationalities and difficulties of migrant mothers, who want to promote a healthy life style in their families, and will question...

  20. Environmental and Life Style Factors in Relation to Male Reproductive Disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krysiak-Baltyn, Konrad

    on studies of environmental chemicals and their possible impact on reproductive health. In the third part, I discuss network biology as a powerful tool for the study of gene-gene and chemical-gene interactions. In the fourth part, I discuss association mining of clinical data as a means to find interesting...... and unexpected associations between life style factors and disease. The thesis ends with concluding remarks....

  1. New Life Styles, New Barriers to Break Down : Rainbow Family Tourism, Service Description and Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Algueró Durany, Mariona

    2012-01-01

    This thesis titled 'New life styles, new barriers to break down. Rainbow family tourism; service description and analysis', was written to offer the opportunity to get to know one of the latest services in the tourism industry, the rainbow family tourism or lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual family tourism (LGTB family tourism). As the title says, the service has been described in detail, starting from basic concepts like tourism and family and continuing with the predecessor the LGTB tou...

  2. Life Style And Nutritional Status of Food service Personnel In Selected Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    V.Subasshini; Ramya

    2014-01-01

    The hospitality is the only industry which serve essential food and shelter and make the customers to feel at home. Thereby we take our food in outside restaurants. Hence personnel working in the hotel industry who serve food should be nutritionally fit and active, then only they can provide good food to the customers. A survey was conducted regarding the life style and nutritional status of the food service personnel in selected hotels from Trichirapalli district. Hundred samples of male per...

  3. Food-related life style: Development of a cross-culturally valid instrument for market surveillance

    OpenAIRE

    Klaus G. Grunert; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1993-01-01

    Executive summary: 1. Surveying end users is a major component of market surveillance in the food industry. End users' value perception is the final determinant of how all other actors in the food chain can make a living. To perceive trends that affect how consumers value food products is therefore an important input to a food producer's strategy formation. 2. Life style measurement has been widely used in marketing, namely for guiding advertising strategy, segmentation, and product d...

  4. Are certain life style habits associated with lower Alzheimer disease risk?

    OpenAIRE

    Arab, Lana; Sabbagh, Marwan N.

    2010-01-01

    As the number of patients with Alzheimer disease is expected to grow, finding ways to prevent and lower the risk of Alzheimer disease becomes a crucial matter. Risk factors for developing AD have been identified including health conditions, dietary habits, genetics and heredity, gender, education, age, and lifestyle. Interventions targeted at some of these risk factors may offer opportunities for development of an optimal preventive strategy. Life style habits which include dietary habits and...

  5. Eating habits and other risk factors: are the future health care service providers really at risk for life style disorders!

    OpenAIRE

    Shreyash Jayantilal Gandhi; Krunal Girishkumar Varia; Mitesh Dabhi; Mahesh Choudary

    2015-01-01

    Background: Adolescence period is crucial position in the life, characterized by rapid rate of growth. It is a need to study risk factors among this group so applicability of primary prevention can be planned. It is essential to know that whether future care providers are having any risk of acquiring life style disorders as they will be the future role models of society. Objectives: To study the dietary and other risk factors for acquiring life style related disorders and to correlate various...

  6. Influence of travel speed on spray deposition uniformity from an air-assisted variable-rate sprayer

    Science.gov (United States)

    A newly developed LiDAR-guided air-assisted variable-rate sprayer for nursery and orchard applications was tested at various travel speeds to compare its spray deposition and coverage uniformity with constant-rate applications. Spray samplers, including nylon screens and water-sensitive papers (WSP)...

  7. Effect of hypobaric hypoxia, simulating conditions during long-haul air travel, on coagulation, fibrinolysis, platelet function, and endothelial activation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.D. Toff; C.I. Jones; I. Ford; R.J. Pearse; H.G. Watson; S.J. Watt; J.A.S. Ross; D.P. Gradwell; A.J. Batchelor; K.R. Abrams; J.C.M. Meijers; A.H. Goodall; M. Greaves

    2006-01-01

    Context The link between long-haul air travel and venous thromboembolism is the subject of continuing debate. It remains unclear whether the reduced cabin pressure and oxygen tension in the airplane cabin create an increased risk compared with seated immobility at ground level. Objective To determin

  8. The effects of biological and life-style factors on baseline frequencies of chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilada Nefic

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study investigated the influence of sex and ageing on chromosomal damage and the role of life-style habits on the frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs of healthy Bosnian subjects. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 100 healthy, unrelated individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 2010 and 2011. Chromosome preparations were made by dropping and air drying and slides were stained with 10% Giemsa solution (pH 6.8. The cytogenetic analysis was carried out in a cytogenetic laboratory in the Department of Biology of the Faculty of Science in Sarajevo. The category of total structural CAs was sub classified as chromosome-type aberrations (CSAs and chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs while the category of total numerical CAs was sub classified as aneuploid and polyploid mitoses. All statistical analyses were carried out using Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corporation and the Windows Kwikstat Winks SDA 7.0.2 statistical software package (Texa Soft Cedar Hill, Texas. Results: Cytogenetic analysis revealed the average number of structural CAs was 2.84 and of numerical CAs was 9.56. There was a significant increase in the frequency of chromosome-type aberrations (1.92 compared with chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs (0.92 and a significant increase in the frequency of aneuploid (8.83 compared with polyploid (0.73 mitoses. Significant positive correlations between age and CTAs in human PBLs were also demonstrated. Additional statistical analysis showed that ageing increase number of numerical CAs in lymphocytes of drinkers. The frequency of structural CAs of females exposed to radiation was significantly greater than in males. Analysis indicates the presence of a positive association between CAs and smoking in younger subjects but a negative correlation between aberrant cells frequencies and alcohol in older drinkers. Conclusion: The results of the study support the

  9. 76 FR 58243 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Survey of International Air Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-20

    ... to Richard Champley or Ron Erdmann, ITA's Office of Travel & Tourism Industries (OTTI), Phone: (202..., ] administered by the Office of Travel and Tourism Industries (OTTI) of the International Trade Administration... 1961, 1981, and 1996 travel and tourism related acts to collect and publish comprehensive...

  10. Life-style and drug involvement among youths in an inner city junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembo, R; Schmeidler, J; Burgos, W

    1980-02-01

    Data gathered in a winter 1976 survey of youths attending a New York City junior high school were analyzed to learn how features of their life-styles related to their involvement with drugs. The results indicate that the youths' substance use is an environmentally related phenomenon. The factors of peer-held esteem of drug using, gang involved persons, friends' use of alcohol and marijuana, and participation in spare-time activities of a drug/street culture nature were found to provide important insights into the youths' drug taking.

  11. Life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi Males older than 12 years of age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study highlighted life styles related to coronary artery disease risk factors among patients attending a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We conducted a cross-sectional study at a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from 18/4/2006 to 13/6/2006. All adult male patients older than 12 years of age who attended one consultant primary care clinic were included in the study. All patients were interviewed by one consultant in family medicine during the study period. The patients were asked about dietary habits, physical activity and type of exercise, and smoking habits. Weight and height was taken for all patients by the nurse in the clinic and body mass index (BMI) were calculated for all patients. The total number of participants was 246 patients. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 11.5. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Of the 246 male adult patients, 45.4% always consumed vegetables and fruits in their diet, 21.5% exercised on a daily basis, 51.2% exercised sometimes and 26% did not exercise at all. The type of exercise practiced by active participants was walking (76.5%) and sports (22.9%). Sports included football, basketball, swimming and other sports club activity. Only 20.7% of the participants had an ideal body weight (BMI=30). 8.9% of the participants were current smokers. Overweight and obesity is a common health problem among male adult patients attending a primary care setting. Improved dietary habits (consumption of vegetables and fruits and minimization of fat and suits) encouraging exercise and walking and helping current smokers to quit smoking are essential steps towards improving life styles in the community. It is an important health plan priority to concentrate on improving life styles in the Saudi community, to prevent cardiovascular risk factors

  12. Non-adherence to life-style modification and its factors among type 2 diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Jahan Mumu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-adherence to preventive and therapeutic life-style recommendations among patients with diabetes is special challenge in the management of these patients. This study aimed to measure the proportion of non-adherence to life-style modification and factors associated with these among a group of Bangladeshi type 2 diabetic patients. Under an analytical cross-sectional design 374 type 2 diabetic patients (age >20 years, diagnosed for at least 1 year, were selected from different health care centers operated by the Diabetic Association of Bangladesh. Non-adherence rate were assessed for: Diet (88%, exercise (25%, routine blood glucose testing (32%, foot care (70%, smoking (6% and betel quid chewing habit (25%. Binary logistic regression suggests that higher education group (P = 0.013, rural area (P = 0.013 and attendance to diabetes education classes (P = 0.043 showed good adherence to diet and non-attendance to diabetes education class (P = 0.014, older age (P = 0.037 are associated to non-adherence to exercise. Unemployed patients showed more non-adherence to blood glucose testing (P = 0.045 than others. Non-attendance to diabetes education class (P = 0.037 and business occupation group (P = 0.039 showed significant association to smoking and betel quid intake habit respectively.

  13. Unlabelled advertorials in Slovenian life-style press: a study of the promotion of health products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacic, Melita Poler; Erjavec, Karmen; Stular, Katarina

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyses unlabelled advertorials about health products in four life-style magazines and three daily newspapers' life-style supplements in Slovenia. Based on 250 hours of observing the production practice, 20 in-depth interviews with the main participants and a textual analysis of 247 advertorials, supported by three detailed case studies, the process of unlabelled advertorial production was unveiled, reasons for their production explained and their discursive elements of promotion uncovered. Despite their typical news-like appearance, advertorials focus on a product's positive characteristics only and represent an oversimplified viewpoint on health, primarily oriented towards the interest of the pharmaceutical industry. In advertorials, readers are instructed in healthy living and caring about their health through buying the promoted product. No particular differences were found between the magazines and quality dailies' supplements, indicating that the advertorial practice has become a common part of the Slovenian press media scene. The outburst of advertorials in Slovenia is outstanding due to the lack of historical democracy, problems with the supervision of legal transgressions, the small media and advertising market, economic downturns and the financial weakness of the media. PMID:23264980

  14. Dual-earner families' stress levels and personal and life-style-related variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sund, K; Ostwald, S K

    1985-01-01

    This study investigated personal and life-style-related variables and stress levels in dual-earner families in the preschool stage of family development. The sample was composed of 92 families receiving child day care through a major day care provider in the Upper Midwest. The Family Inventory of Life Events and Changes was used to measure the family stress level. The majority of dual-earner families in this sample were experiencing a moderate level of family stress based on national stress level norms calculated for families in the preschool stage of development. Parental age and age of children were statistically related to the family stress level. Life-style-related variables statistically significant in this study were amount of income and satisfaction with income level, satisfaction with child care, and flexibility in vacation scheduling. Parents who could easily schedule vacations during the same time period had significantly lower family stress levels than parents who had difficulty scheduling vacations together, p less than .003. Additionally, parents who reported being forced to take separate vacations because of their work schedules had statistically higher scores on family stress than parents who had never had to take separate vacations because of work schedules, p less than .002. PMID:3877914

  15. Life Style And Nutritional Status of Food service Personnel In Selected Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Subasshini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The hospitality is the only industry which serve essential food and shelter and make the customers to feel at home. Thereby we take our food in outside restaurants. Hence personnel working in the hotel industry who serve food should be nutritionally fit and active, then only they can provide good food to the customers. A survey was conducted regarding the life style and nutritional status of the food service personnel in selected hotels from Trichirapalli district. Hundred samples of male personnel were selected in purposive random sampling method from production, service and dishwashing areas because these are the main areas were the hygienic practices should be followed strictly. An interview schedule was framed with questions regarding life style pattern, Dietary intake personal hygiene and their nutritional status is analysed by Selected Antropometric measurements, Biochemical assessment and by Dietary survey method. The results showed that Majority of the food service personnel were not following healthy lifestyle and they have lot of stress due to long working hours and they have improper meal timings and their nutritional status were not satisfactory.

  16. Dual-earner families' stress levels and personal and life-style-related variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sund, K; Ostwald, S K

    1985-01-01

    This study investigated personal and life-style-related variables and stress levels in dual-earner families in the preschool stage of family development. The sample was composed of 92 families receiving child day care through a major day care provider in the Upper Midwest. The Family Inventory of Life Events and Changes was used to measure the family stress level. The majority of dual-earner families in this sample were experiencing a moderate level of family stress based on national stress level norms calculated for families in the preschool stage of development. Parental age and age of children were statistically related to the family stress level. Life-style-related variables statistically significant in this study were amount of income and satisfaction with income level, satisfaction with child care, and flexibility in vacation scheduling. Parents who could easily schedule vacations during the same time period had significantly lower family stress levels than parents who had difficulty scheduling vacations together, p less than .003. Additionally, parents who reported being forced to take separate vacations because of their work schedules had statistically higher scores on family stress than parents who had never had to take separate vacations because of work schedules, p less than .002.

  17. Obesity Epidemic: Genes, Sedentary Life Style or Over Nutrition to Blame?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Tarbiat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The proximate cause of obesity is an imbalance in the energy input and energy expenditure. It was believed that the sedentary life style of Western Societies which resulted in grossly reduced energy expenditure was the main cause of the imbalance. Studies carried out in recent years have challenged this belief, and have shown that the energy expenditure even in a sedentary life style is not grossly reduced. Although obesity has a genetic basis, it cannot be attributed to a signal gene or even to a few genes. Even though fat storage has an advantage in the animal kingdom, it appears to pose a greater risk for many metabolic diseases in humans. Epigenetic effects particularly fetal and infant nutrition also play a significant role in adult obesity. Over nutrition appears to be the major cause for the current epidemic of obesity. Fast food and soft drinks, coupled with aggressive marketing by food marketers have contributed to over eating. Consequently the energy balance is tilted in favor of excess energy storage.

  18. Genes and life-style factors in BELFAST nonagenarians: Nature, Nurture and Narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rea, Jennifer Nicola M; Carvalho, Ashley; McNerlan, Susan E; Alexander, H Denis; Rea, Irene Maeve

    2015-10-01

    Understanding how to 'Age Longer and Age Well' is a priority for people personally, for populations globally and for government policy. Nonagenarians are the oldest members of our societies and survivors of their generation. Approximately 10 % of nonagenarians reach 90 years and beyond in good condition and seem to have a combination of both age-span and health-span. But what are the factors which help people reach their ninetieth birthday and beyond in good condition? Are they genetics, as in 'nature', or do they depend on 'nurture' and are related to environment, or are both factors inextricably intertwined within the concept of behavioural genetics? Nonagenarians have rich life experiences that can teach us much about ageing well; they are reservoirs of genetic, life-style and behavioural information which can help dissect out how to live not only longer but better. Personal family history and narrative are powerful tools that help to determine familial traits, beliefs and social behaviours and when used in parallel with new biotechnology methods inform and elaborate causality. Here we present themes and insights from personal narrative enquiry from nonagenarian participants from the Belfast Elderly Longitudinal Free-living Ageing STudy (BELFAST) about factors they consider important for good quality ageing and relate these insights to the emerging genetics and life-style evidence associated with healthy longevity. PMID:25773008

  19. Segmenting Notebook PC market based on life style (The case of Ferdowsi University students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Kazemi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to segment the Notebook PC market using VALS life style and to find out the differences between these segments. Vals specifically defines the consumer segments based on personality traits influencing the market behaviors.According to Vals, consumers are divided to eight categories not only based on psychological variables, but also income, education level, buying demands, and some other factors.Life style and values are determinant factors of consumer's decision-making. This study seeks to identify different segments of Notebook PC market and specify the requirements of each segment.To do this, we designed a written questionnaire, distributed 400 questionnaires between the students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, and collected 308 ones. The final response rate after eliminating five non-eligible questionnaires was 77%. For data analyzingand answering the research questions, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. The results indicated that each market segment requires different features and requirements as for its psychological attributes. At the end, research limitations were enumeratedand some suggestions for future studies were made.

  20. Dynamic Processes of an Airport’s System. Applying Value Network Analysis (VNA to the Air Traveller Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida Vaz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we argue that networks are fundamental instruments for the development of the business system of airports’ landside area. We propose value network analysis (VNA to gain a better understanding of how processes and people create value in airports’ network ecosystem. This methodology makes it possible to understand and visualise the internal and external value networks, mapping the players and their interrelationships and thus capturing the dynamics of the airports’ entire system. Applying value network analysis (VNA to the air traveller experience, we conclude that this approach provides a network ecosystem perspective on how processes and people create value within the air traveller experience network. For the validation of this scenario, several interviews were conducted with experts.

  1. Randomised, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Echinacea Supplementation in Air Travellers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Tiralongo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To identify whether a standardised Echinacea formulation is effective in the prevention of respiratory and other symptoms associated with long-haul flights. Methods. 175 adults participated in a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial travelling back from Australia to America, Europe, or Africa for a period of 1–5 weeks on commercial flights via economy class. Participants took Echinacea (root extract, standardised to 4.4 mg alkylamides or placebo tablets. Participants were surveyed before, immediately after travel, and at 4 weeks after travel regarding upper respiratory symptoms and travel-related quality of life. Results. Respiratory symptoms for both groups increased significantly during travel (P<0.0005. However, the Echinacea group had borderline significantly lower respiratory symptom scores compared to placebo (P=0.05 during travel. Conclusions. Supplementation with standardised Echinacea tablets, if taken before and during travel, may have preventive effects against the development of respiratory symptoms during travel involving long-haul flights.

  2. Video Game Addiction and Life Style Changes: Implications for Caregivers Burden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manoj Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Limitation of available information on caregiver perspective on managing the users excessive use of technology. The present case series explore the caregiver burden related to users addictive use of video game. The users and caregivers approached the service of healthy use of technology (SHUT clinic) for management. They were assessed using Griffith criteria for video game; General Health questionnaire and family burden interview schedule. It demonstrate the addictive use of video game and its impact on users life style and the presence of psychiatric distress/family burden in the caregivers. Caregivers also reported presence of disturbance in psychosocial domains and helplessness to manage the excessive use. It has implications for building support group and service to handle parents’ distress and enabling them to handle the dysfunction in users. PMID:27114629

  3. Video Game Addiction and Life Style Changes: Implications for Caregivers Burden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manoj Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Limitation of available information on caregiver perspective on managing the users excessive use of technology. The present case series explore the caregiver burden related to users addictive use of video game. The users and caregivers approached the service of healthy use of technology (SHUT clinic) for management. They were assessed using Griffith criteria for video game; General Health questionnaire and family burden interview schedule. It demonstrate the addictive use of video game and its impact on users life style and the presence of psychiatric distress/family burden in the caregivers. Caregivers also reported presence of disturbance in psychosocial domains and helplessness to manage the excessive use. It has implications for building support group and service to handle parents' distress and enabling them to handle the dysfunction in users.

  4. A convenient truth. Air travel passengers' willingness to pay to offset their CO2 emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brouwer, R.; Brander, L.; Van Beukering, P.

    2007-02-15

    Several economic reviews demonstrate the enormous costs related to climate change and consequently call for early action. These reviews, however, have been limited to measuring 'objective' risks and expected property damage related to climate change. The 'subjective' perceived risk of climate change and society's willingness to pay (WTP) to avoid these risks are expected to provide an important additional motivation for direct action. We investigate whether and why air travel passengers - an increasingly important source of greenhouse gas emissions - are supportive of measures that increase the cost of their travel based on the polluter pays principle and compensate the damage caused by their flight. Although significant differences are found between travellers from Europe, North America, Asia and the rest of the world, we show that there exists a substantial demand for climate change mitigation action. The positive risk premium over and above the expected property damage cost assessments should be accounted for explicitly in the existing economic reviews as it will add substantially to the existing proof of necessary direct action. Based on stated WTP by travellers to offset their greenhouse gas emissions, funds in the order of magnitude of 3 billion could be generated annually to finance climate change mitigation activities.

  5. Airport choice and airline choice in the market for air travel between the San Francisco Bay area and greater Los Angeles in 1995

    OpenAIRE

    Ishii, Jun; Van Dender, Kurt; Jun, Sunyoung

    2005-01-01

    This paper empirically investigates the impact of airport and airline supply characteristics on the air travel choices of passengers departing from one of three San Francisco Bay area airports and arriving at one of four airports in greater Los Angeles. It does so by estimating a conditional logit model for the market of air travel between both metropolitan areas in 1995, and using the estimated model to simulate three counterfactual scenarios. First, reducing access times to San Francisco In...

  6. The characteristics of fatigue symptoms and their association with the life style and the health status in school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, M; Tan, F; Suyama, A; Okada, H; Miyamoto, T; Kishimoto, T

    2000-07-01

    In order to evaluate the characteristics of fatigue symptoms and their association with the life style and the health status, we examined using data accumulated by the longitudinal surveys from 1992 to 1998, in 118 six-year primary school children and 129 second-year junior high school children. The complaints of "drowsiness and dullness", such as "become drowsy" (71%), "give a yawn" (59%) and "want to lie down" (51%), respectively, were most frequently observed. The proportion of these complaints was high before the first morning class, but decreased when the children leave school. Notably, the complaints of "difficulty in concentration" annually have increased. Children with undesirable eating habits, particularly those who often eat salty foods, or poor life style, such as staying up late at night tended to have more complaints of fatigue symptoms. By correlation analysis, these complaints were significantly related to the obesity degree, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol and atherogenic index. These results support the hypothesis that fatigue symptoms increase or are associated with life style and health status. Consequently, it is necessary to improve the life style such as dietary habits and rhythm of life for the reduction of fatigue symptom. PMID:10959606

  7. The influence of psychosocial factors at work and life style on health and work ability among professional workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.I.J. van den Berg (Tilja); S.M. Alavinia (Seyed Mahammad); F.J. Bredt (Folef); D. Lindeboom; L.A.M. Elders (Leo); A. Burdorf (Alex)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractOBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to explore the associations of psychosocial factors at work, life style, and stressful life events on health and work ability among white-collar workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among workers in commercial services (n = 1

  8. Investigation of the Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Healthy Life-Style Behaviors of Academic Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkmen, Mutlu; Ozkan, Ali; Kul, Murat; Bozkus, Taner

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of physical activity (PA) level and healthy life-style behaviors in academic staff in Bartin University, Turkey. The short form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire was administered for the determination of physical activity level of academic staff. Their PA levels were…

  9. Travel counseling for the elderly traveler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, Kasey J

    2005-01-01

    As the baby boomer's generation retirees, many will have the time and money to travel abroad to see the world's exotic wonders or visit family and friends. When the travelers are elderly, they are particularly vulnerable to the effects of travel. Healthcare professionals are responsible for counseling elders on travel health based on their medical history, destination, method of transportation, and exposure risks. Important areas of travel counseling include preparing for travel, air travel, safety, sun and heat, insect precautions, food and water precautions, and vaccinations. PMID:16271122

  10. Transcriptional responses to sucrose mimic the plant-associated life style of the plant growth promoting endophyte Enterobacter sp. 638.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safiyh Taghavi

    Full Text Available Growth in sucrose medium was previously found to trigger the expression of functions involved in the plant associated life style of the endophytic bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638. Therefore, comparative transcriptome analysis between cultures grown in sucrose or lactate medium was used to gain insights in the expression levels of bacterial functions involved in the endophytic life style of strain 638. Growth on sucrose as a carbon source resulted in major changes in cell physiology, including a shift from a planktonic life style to the formation of bacterial aggregates. This shift was accompanied by a decrease in transcription of genes involved in motility (e.g., flagella biosynthesis and an increase in the transcription of genes involved in colonization, adhesion and biofilm formation. The transcription levels of functions previously suggested as being involved in endophytic behavior and functions responsible for plant growth promoting properties, including the synthesis of indole-acetic acid, acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, also increased significantly for cultures grown in sucrose medium. Interestingly, despite an abundance of essential nutrients transcription levels of functions related to uptake and processing of nitrogen and iron became increased for cultures grown on sucrose as sole carbon source. Transcriptome data were also used to analyze putative regulatory relationships. In addition to the small RNA csrABCD regulon, which seems to play a role in the physiological adaptation and possibly the shift between free-living and plant-associated endophytic life style of Enterobacter sp. 638, our results also pointed to the involvement of rcsAB in controlling responses by Enterobacter sp. 638 to a plant-associated life style. Targeted mutagenesis was used to confirm this role and showed that compared to wild-type Enterobacter sp. 638 a ΔrcsB mutant was affected in its plant growth promoting ability.

  11. Eating habits and other risk factors: are the future health care service providers really at risk for life style disorders!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreyash Jayantilal Gandhi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescence period is crucial position in the life, characterized by rapid rate of growth. It is a need to study risk factors among this group so applicability of primary prevention can be planned. It is essential to know that whether future care providers are having any risk of acquiring life style disorders as they will be the future role models of society. Objectives: To study the dietary and other risk factors for acquiring life style related disorders and to correlate various anthropometry measurements with these risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study. All medical, physiotherapy and nursing students from Government Medical College, Surat having met with age criteria of adolescent (17-19 as per WHO were included in the study. Pre tested structured self-administered questionnaire was used. It was having questions on various risk factors of acquiring life style related disorders and having anthropometry measurements to correlate. Data were entered and analyzed in MS excel. Results: Total 290 participants were enrolled, out of them 240 (82.76% were females and 50 (17.24% were males. Out of those, 153 (52.75% were having a habit of eating outside the home at least once in a week. 80 (27.5% participants reported that they never play outdoor games, 18 (6.21% reported that they never do exercise. 21 (7.24% were having BMI and #8805;25, From this total 21 participants, 17 (5.86% were females and 4 (1.38% were males. Out of total 240 females, 20 were having Waist Hip Ratio (WHR >0.85, while no male is having WHR >1. Conclusion: Primary preventive measures for dietary change should be applied among future care providers. Life style change should also be advised to reduce the risk for life style disorders. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 645-649

  12. Effect of fare and travel time on the demand for domestic air transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksen, S. E.; Liu, E. W.

    1979-01-01

    An econometric travel demand model was presented. The model was used for analyzing long haul domestic passenger markets in the United States. The results showed the sensitivities of demand to changes in fares and speed reflecting technology through more efficient aircraft designs.

  13. Profile analysis of rural and urban schoolchildren: life style and postural habits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Dalla Pria Bankoff

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the profile of 7-to-14-year-old male and female schoolchildren with regard to their life style and postural habits. It was carried out through a specific protocol for this project, including open and close questions. The analysis of the results led to the following conclusions: a parents need to be clarified about their children’s necessity of leisure time; b the schoolchildren studied spend too little time on sports practice and physical activies; c their postural habits revealed a predominance of fetal sleeping position on foam rubber mattresses, the use of backpacks to carry their school materials and the sitting position at the desk with flexed legs and the feet touching the floor; d rural schoolchildren have less leisure time available to practice sports and other specific physical activities because after school time they work with their parents in the fields; e a high rate of spine radiographies was detected.

  14. Some psychosocial aspects of nonlethal chondrodysplasias: I. Assessment using a Life-Styles Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, A G

    1998-06-16

    Studies concerning the psychosocial aspects of skeletal dysplasias that cause disproportionate short stature have been few and have usually involved small numbers of patients. As part of a study involving patients with chondrodysplasias and their families, an assessment battery of standardised instruments designed to measure depression, anxiety, self-esteem, personal support networks, marital adjustment, and family structure were completed by patients and, in many cases, their sibs, spouses, and/or parents. This first in a series of six papers reports the results of a Life-Styles Questionnaire which provides some insights into the levels of satisfaction with various aspects of life, including friendships, employment, the use of some substances and services, and the impact of the skeletal dysplasia on career, marriage, and childbearing. Results are presented for patients and the unaffected parents of patients. Overall, the study has shown a high level of satisfaction with many aspects of life. However, there are important differences in attitudes between the married and unmarried patients, and in some cases the unaffected parents, in a number of areas including health, overall satisfaction with life, and concerns surrounding child bearing and employment. PMID:9637414

  15. A scientific appraisal on hirudotherapy- an evolution in life style disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shikha Nayak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hirudotherapy is a treatment with using of medicinal leech. This kind of therapy is known from the time of extreme antiquity and is still alive nowadays.Aims: At the present era when the world is suffering from a number of disorders occurring due to faulty Life style, Hirudotherapy is an evolutionary mode of treatment. Scientifically it has been proved that Substances in Leech saliva can lower the blood sugar levels and improve pancreatic functions, so can use in diabetes and its complications. Scientific research of Hirudo Medicinalis by number of powerful enzymes extracted from leeches salivary gland secretions among them DESTABILASE which in nature can be found only in leeches. This also explains the Atherogenic Effect provided by the leeches, for they lower the level of Cholesterol and Triglycerides in blood.Conclusion:  As Leech Therapy is being used frequently in a number of disorders, the evidence based concept is the need of the hour. The present paper portrays the scientific substantiation of Hirudotherapy.

  16. A lesson program for schoolchildren about a clean and healthy life-style: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, C

    1997-05-01

    A health education project is underway in primary schools in the Wonogiri district of Indonesia. This project, implemented by the Yayasan Indonesia Sejahtera (YIS), is related to the Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) campaign developed by the Provincial Health Office of central Java to promote a healthy life-style. The PHBS campaign, which will eventually target households, industry, and schools, is currently promoting only 10 household-level indicators. Thus, YIS developed a curriculum for PHBS that includes those indicators that are relevant to primary school students. The longterm YIS project group includes the fifth-grade (11- and 12-year-old students) at every elementary school in the district. A single class in a village school is serving as the target group for the pilot study. Development of the pilot curriculum involved a pre/post test as well as a field test, and an evaluation is planned. The health topics chosen for the project are: clean water, use of family sanitation facilities, garbage disposal, mosquitoes, personal hygiene, dental hygiene, nutrition, smoking and alcohol, and family planning. The curriculum consists of seven lessons and is taught using visual aids and a participatory approach. Post-test results were disappointing because answers improved over pretest answers for only 5 out of 21 questions. One of the reasons may have been that the project had to begin before all of the supporting materials were ready. Evaluation is currently ongoing, and plans are underway to expand the program. PMID:12320863

  17. Physical functioning and life style of 50-65 years’ age hee teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baskevich O.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to study life style of 50-65 years’ age university teachers depending on their physical functioning and its connection with behavior habits. Material: questioning of 150 respondents was fulfilled by specially prepared questionnaire. Anthropometric testing was conducted. Results: it was found that most of the questioned spend time watching TV or reading and pay very little attention to physical functioning. We also found that most of respondents deal with household chores but want to do something outdoors (practice public activity. There is a trend to avoid smoking among them. Only 5.0% are cigarette smokers. The rest have never smoked or gave up smoking more than 10 years ago. Among the partners of the questioned there are a lot of smokers (16.2%. Most of the questioned have friends and relatives, who can help to achieve the highest level of physical functioning. 18.9% of partners of the questioned regularly practice sports. Some useful for health habits are observed in life situations of all respondents. Conclusions: the received data witness about purposefulness of seeking of effective ways of pre retirement age HEE teachers’ involvement in active recreational functioning. We have also found that there are time reserves for this purpose.

  18. Clean Plate Movement and Empowerment of Civil Leadership for Developing Sustainable Life Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Kwang Soo; Kim, Seung Woo; Jung, Sin Yeong; Choi, Byeong Dae; Mun, Sung Joo; Lee, Dong Ho

    This paper describes the backgrounds, process, outcomes, and characteristics of "Clean plate" movement carried out in Korea. That was aimed at the reduction of food waste production as well as developing and disseminating a sustainable life style. Excessive foods are wasted every year in Korea and it reaches to 270 g/day/capita. Clean plate movement was started 2004 and over 1.5 million peoples, which is 3% of the population, did pledge for 15 months. Over one million students participated in the pledge campaign and they became conscious about the importance of food and get sustainable eating habit in which they don't leave any food behind. While the campaign carried out successfully, civil volunteers of a Buddhist NGO EcoBuddha, who were the housewives mainly, were in charge of the whole processes and were trained as civil leaders for sustainable development. They awakened to the interrelationship between human being and the nature, based on a series of Buddhist lectures and self practicing asceticism. Clean plate movement as an educational program for sustainable development has various factors in three pillars of environmental, economical and socio-cultural aspects for EfSD.

  19. Testing the value and life-style model (VALS of psychographic market segmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Rousseau

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the development of a psychographic inventory suitable for testing the VALS model of market segmentation within the South African context. Hypotheses relating to value and life-style traits, suggested by prior research, are tested, utilising a sample of white and black respondents in the Johannesburg/Soweto metropolitan area. Results imply that the instrument developed has moderate reliability and can be administered bilingually. The VALS model tested by the instrument suggests that most respondents hold need-driven and outer-directed values. Impllications for value and lifestyle segmentation within the South African context are discussed. Opsomming Hierdie artikel beskryfdie ontwikkeling van 'n psigografiese inventaris geskik vir die toetsing van die VALS-model van marksegmentasie binne Suid-Afrikaanse verband. Hipoteses met betrekking tot waarde- en lewenstyltrekke, voortspruitend uit vorige navorsing, word getoets op 'n steekproef van wit en swart respondente in die Johannesburg/Soweto metropolitaanse gebied. Resultate toon dat die instrument gemiddelde betroubaarheid openbaar en toepasbaar is op 'n tweetalige grondslag. Die VALS-model soos getoets deur die instrument toon dat die meeste respondente behoefte-gedrewe en na buite gerigte waardes openbaar. Implikasies vir waarde- en lewenstylsegmentasie binne Suid-Afrikaanse verband word ook bespreek.

  20. Some psychosocial aspects of nonlethal chondrodysplasias: I. Assessment using a Life-Styles Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, A G

    1998-06-16

    Studies concerning the psychosocial aspects of skeletal dysplasias that cause disproportionate short stature have been few and have usually involved small numbers of patients. As part of a study involving patients with chondrodysplasias and their families, an assessment battery of standardised instruments designed to measure depression, anxiety, self-esteem, personal support networks, marital adjustment, and family structure were completed by patients and, in many cases, their sibs, spouses, and/or parents. This first in a series of six papers reports the results of a Life-Styles Questionnaire which provides some insights into the levels of satisfaction with various aspects of life, including friendships, employment, the use of some substances and services, and the impact of the skeletal dysplasia on career, marriage, and childbearing. Results are presented for patients and the unaffected parents of patients. Overall, the study has shown a high level of satisfaction with many aspects of life. However, there are important differences in attitudes between the married and unmarried patients, and in some cases the unaffected parents, in a number of areas including health, overall satisfaction with life, and concerns surrounding child bearing and employment.

  1. The effect of selected sociodemographic characteristics on daily travel-activity behavior

    OpenAIRE

    E I Pas

    1984-01-01

    The hypothesis that daily travel-activity behavior is influenced by the role, life-cycle, and life-style attributes of individuals and households is examined. Daily travel-activity behavior is described by a five-state categorical variable which is defined by analytical classification of a sample of daily travel-activity patterns. The explanatory variables used in this study are age, marital status, gender, employment status, education level, presence of young children, auto-ownership, income...

  2. Gut microbioma population: an indicator really sensible to any change in age, diet, metabolic syndrome, and life-style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annalisa, Noce; Alessio, Tarantino; Claudette, Tsague Djoutsop; Erald, Vasili; Antonino, De Lorenzo; Nicola, Di Daniele

    2014-01-01

    Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition.

  3. Gut Microbioma Population: An Indicator Really Sensible to Any Change in Age, Diet, Metabolic Syndrome, and Life-Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noce Annalisa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition.

  4. A Study on Prevalence of Life-Style Diseases and Its Risk Factors in Urban Area of Jamnagar City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishor M Sochaliya, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic diseases of life-style particularly Hypertension, DM and CHD account for millions of deaths each year globally. These diseases share similar modifiable risk factors, including tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, hyperlipidaemia, physical inactivity, obesity etc. so that identifying and modifying these risk factors have been recommended as a strategy for their prevention and control in various settings. Aim- To find out the prevalence of common life style diseases and their risk factors Method: A cross sectional study was done, which was containing 450 male respondents in the age group of 35-45 years from Patel colony in Jamnagar city. Predesigned and prestructured questionnaires covering socio-economic aspects, dietary pattern, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, personality and parental history of hypertension and diabetes were reviewed. In addition some anthropometric measurements (e.g., height, weight and BMI and clinical measurements (e.g., blood pressure were also done. Result: The overall prevalence rate for the common life-style diseases was observed to be 33.56% for hypertension, 10.44% for diabetes mellitus and 44.44% for overweight/obesity. The few major risk factors noted among participants were high fatty diet (99.11%, high salt intake (96.67% and Type A personality (71.33%. About 2/5th (38 % of them were current smokers and only 2% were consuming alcohol. 42.22% of the target population were physically inactive based on work and leisure time activities. While around 69.33% of the respondents were having a positive family history of hypertension and/or diabetes. Conclusion: The study demonstrated a high prevalence of life-style diseases and their risk factors. Serious consideration should be given to this escalating burden of lifestyle diseases in the study population. The development and implementation of relevant health promotion and intervention programmes that will improve the general health and

  5. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

    OpenAIRE

    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son; Meryem Bulut

    2016-01-01

    Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. According...

  6. Immigrant status and increased risk of heart failure: the role of hypertension and life-style risk factors

    OpenAIRE

    Borné Yan; Engström Gunnar; Essén Birgitta; Hedblad Bo

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Studies from Sweden have reported association between immigrant status and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The nature of this relationship is unclear. We investigated the relationship between immigrant status and risk of heart failure (HF) hospitalization in a population-based cohort, and to what extent this is mediated by hypertension and life-style risk factors. We also explored whether immigrant status was related to case-fatality after HF. Methods 26,559 subjects...

  7. The design of maternal centered life-style modification program for weight gain management during pregnancy — a study protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Farajzadegan, Ziba; Pozveh, Zahra Amini

    2013-01-01

    Background: Abnormal weight gain during pregnancy increases the adverse health outcomes during the pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period. Most of the pregnant women develop weight gain more than the recommended limits; therefore, interventions to manage such disproportionate weight gain are needed. In this paper, the design of the maternal centered life-style intervention study is described, which focuses on controlling weight gaining during pregnancy for all body mass index (BMI) gr...

  8. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Evelin Tiralongo; Shirley S. Wee; Lea, Rodney A.

    2016-01-01

    Intercontinental air travel can be stressful, especially for respiratory health. Elderberries have been used traditionally, and in some observational and clinical studies, as supportive agents against the common cold and influenza. This randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of 312 economy class passengers travelling from Australia to an overseas destination aimed to investigate if a standardised membrane filtered elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extract has beneficial effec...

  9. Biophysical properties of photoreceptors in Corixa punctata facilitate diurnal life-style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, Roman V

    2015-06-01

    Measurement of evolutionary adaptations of a visual system to its visual and operational ecology requires comparison of visual function in different species with similar morphologies and visual ecologies, occupying the same habitats but displaying differences in visually-guided behavior. The goal here was to document the biophysical properties of photoreceptors in the lesser water boatman Corixa punctata, which shares many features with the previously studied aquatic predator water boatman backswimmer Notonecta glauca. However, unlike the backswimmer, which heavily relies on vision to catch its prey, Corixa is a detritivore. Using the patch-clamp method, I found that the average whole-cell capacitance of Corixa photoreceptors was 441±206 pF, higher than in any other insect studied so far, and that absolute sensitivity was positively correlated with capacitance (Spearman rank correlation coefficient, 0.73). Interestingly, both the sensitivity distribution median and variation in Corixa were similar to the corresponding values in the diurnal water strider Gerris lacustris and were substantially smaller than in the noctidial N. glauca or the nocturnal/crepuscular cockroach Periplaneta americana. Furthermore, capacitance was correlated with the amplitudes of light-induced (0.70) and delayed rectifier K(+) (0.46) currents, membrane corner frequency (0.68) and maximal information rate (IRmax, 0.74). No correlation was observed between capacitance and transient K(+) current. Average IRmax in Corixa was 36.0±21.3 bits s(-1), much higher than in G. lacustris but smaller than in N. glauca. These findings support the hypothesis that Corixa's retinal function is adapted to its diurnal life-style, which is also consistent with field observations.

  10. Influence of age, sex and life style factors on the spontaneous and radiation induced micronuclei frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several endpoints have been used for monitoring human populations for environmental or occupational exposure to genotoxic agents, particularly ionizing radiation. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay in peripheral lymphocytes is a reliable method for assessing radiation induced chromosomal damage (DNA breaks and mitotic spindle disturbances) and thus, a suitable dosimeter for estimating in vivo whole body exposures. To further define the use of this assay in biological dosimetry, a study to determine the influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habit) on the spontaneous and radiation induced MN frequencies was performed. The estimation of MN frequencies was analyzed in lymphocytes cultures from 50 healthy donors aged between 4 and 62 years. On the basis of their smoking habit they were divided into 2 groups. A fraction of the sample was irradiated in vitro with Y rays in the range of 0.35 Gy to 4 Gy. A statistically significant influence on the spontaneous MN frequency was observed (R2 = 0.59) when the variables age and smoking habit were analyzed and also a statistically significant influence on the radiation induced MN frequency was obtained (R2 = 0.96) when dose, age and smoking habit were studied. Sex did not influence MN variability significantly but there was a greater dispersion in the results for females when compared to males, possibly due to the loss of X chromosomes. The comparison of the data from smoking to non smoking donors supports the convenience to take into account the smoking habit for estimating in vivo whole body exposures to γ-rays for doses below 2 Gy. (author)

  11. Chemosymbiotic species from the Gulf of Cadiz (NE Atlantic: distribution, life styles and nutritional patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. F. Rodrigues

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous work in the mud volcanoes from the Gulf of Cadiz (South Iberian Margin revealed a high number of chemosymbiotic species, namely bivalves and siboglinid polychaetes. In this study we give an overview of the distribution and life styles of these species in the Gulf of Cadiz, determine the role of autotrophic symbionts in the nutrition of selected species using stable isotope analyses (δ13C, δ15N and δ34S and investigate the intra-specific variation of isotope signatures within and between study sites. During our studies, we identified twenty siboglinidae and nine bivalve chemosymbiotic species living in fifteen mud volcanoes. Solemyid bivalves and tubeworms of the genus Siboglinum are widespread in the study area, whereas other species were found in a single mud volcano (e.g. "Bathymodiolus" mauritanicus or restricted to deeper mud volcanoes (e.g. Polybrachia sp., Lamelisabella denticulata. Species distribution suggests that different species may adjust their position within the sediment according to their particular needs, and to the intensity and variability of the chemical substrata supply. Tissue stable isotope signatures for selected species are in accordance with values found in other studies, with thiotrophy as the dominant nutritional pathway, and with methanotrophy and mixotrophy emerging as secondary strategies. The heterogeneity in terms of nutrient sources (expressed in the high variance of nitrogen and sulphur values and the ability to exploit different resources by the different species may explain the high diversity of chemosymbiotic species found in the Gulf of Cadiz. This study increases the knowledge on distributional patterns and resource partitioning of chemosymbiotic species and highlights how trophic fuelling varies on spatial scales with direct implications to seep assemblages and potentially to the biodiversity of continental margin.

  12. [The relationship between stress and life-style of students at the Faculty of Medicine of Oporto].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loureiro, Elizabete; McIntyre, Teresa; Mota-Cardoso, Rui; Ferreira, Maria Amélia

    2008-01-01

    Different studies have demonstrated that there are significant changes in the health and habits/life-style of university students, and it seems that Medical students also reveal a significant vulnerability to the adoption of health risk behaviours. The present study aims to (1) characterize the main sources of academic stress of the Medical School students of the University of Porto as well as the intensity with which they are experienced, (2) investigate the variations in academic stress and psychosocial variables, due to gender, year of course and displacement from home and (3) contribute, for the first time, to the understanding of stress and life-style of medical students in Portugal. The empirical study included a sample of 251 students from all 6 years of the course (160 females and 91 males), evaluated by the following instruments: (1) The Inventory of Sources of Academic Stress in Medical Education (ISASME), and the Portuguese versions of (2) the Brief Personal Survey (BPS), (3) the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12), and (4) the Interpersonal Behaviour Survey-Brief (ICIBrief). In terms of overall levels of stress (GHQ-12), a prevalence of 58.2% of clinically significant stress symptoms was found, with the students from the basic cycle and those who are living away from home, presenting higher levels of stress. In terms of life-style, 47% of the students revealed health risk behaviours, with eating habits, physical exercise, alcohol and drug consumption, and body image being the main problem areas. Gender and year of course seem to have a significant influence on the variables studied, being the female students those who present higher levels of academic stress, stress responses (pressure/overload, physical distress, anxiety, anger/frustration, inefficiency, depression and loss of control), and low levels of coping confidence; the students of the basic cycle reveal higher levels of stress in managing their life-style (academic stress), general stress

  13. IMPACT OF LOW-COST AIR TRAVEL ON TOURISM ECONOMY IN ZADAR COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Ivanovic

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to encompassingly show what impact low-cost airline companies have on the tourism business in Zadar County. The high cost of travel for tourists who choose to travel by airplane in the past two decades has been significantely lowered by low-cost airline companies such as Ryanair, Germanwings, Easyjet and others. Low-cost flights have ensured an increase in the number of flights, thus increasing the number of tourist visits to destinations connected to those flights. Zadar County has recognized the ability of low-cost flights to have potential for the development of tourism. Low-cost airline companies have reduced the negative balance of tourism economy. This study wishes to gather information on how much low-cost airline companies affect the increase of tourist ventures to Zadar County. Considering that the increase in number of tourist arrivals is directly linked to business revenue, it will also show how much they affect the economy in Zadar County tourism.

  14. The study of association between mother weight efficacy life-style with feeding practices, food groups intake and body mass index in children aged 3-6 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Gholamalizadeh

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: The result of this study showed that maternal life-style was associated with feeding practices and child′s intake. There was no significant relation between the maternal self-efficacy and child BMI.

  15. Life-style themes of unwed pregnant adolescents who chose to keep their babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, J A; Newlon, B J

    1988-12-01

    The authors point out that the largest increase in birthrate is accounted for by girls under age 15; the rise in teenage baby keeping is also a major source of alarm in America. The subjects interviewed for this study were currently enrolled in a Teenage Parent Program for girls aged 14-18 in a large southwestern city. All participants in the study were Anglos from middle to lower-middle income families. Participants included 2 15-year-olds, 2 16-year-olds, 3 17-year-olds, and 3 18-year-olds. All were unwed and kept their babies after birth. Each subject participated in a tape-recorded interview which lasted from 30 minutes to 1 hour and included early recollections and birth order information. Transcripts were analyzed and interpreted by 3 expert Adlerian therapists. Examination of these transcripts revealed themes common to the group as a whole. These themes centered around the desire for a close, idealized relationship with someone, the goal of excitement, and the expectation of being confused, unknowing, or afraid. The group also demonstrated a lack of themes centering on their own anger or victimization. They did, however, perceive themselves as being isolated from their parents. Those subjects who shared the same birth order position tended to have specific traits in common. The youngest in terms of birth order tended to use their confusion to keep others involved with them. The only and 1st borough tended to use their confusion and fear to deflect the burden of responsibility which was a strong component of their life-style. Lack of self-esteem was 1 commonly held characteristic. If society wishes to change the current increase in teenage pregnancies, a greater understanding of the importance of belonging and self-worth is needed by the significant adults in young people's lives. Increased understanding could lead to changes within the family and the educational institution. Self-esteem in young people would be encouraged and a sense of belonging developed

  16. Travelers' Health: Pregnant Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... itinerary if not accustomed to planned activities Postpone travel if risks outweigh benefits Box 8-02. Contraindications for travel during pregnancy Absolute Contraindications Abruptio placentae Active labor ...

  17. [Physical exposure by travelling].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, U

    2011-06-01

    Approximately 40 million Germans travel abroad every year. Air travel is the most frequently used mean of transportation followed by the automobile. During airplane flights rheumatic patients are subjected to numerous physical, biological and climatic factors which can cause stress and adverse effects on general health. Therefore, preventive strategies are helpful to protect against health damage, provided that there is general fitness for air travel. The present article focuses on physical and biological stress as well as psychological aspects during air travel and reviews prophylactic measures. PMID:21533614

  18. How can air travel contribute to the costs of adapting to climate change?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, Antonia

    2011-05-15

    [English] By 2050, the costs of adapting to climate change in developing countries could reach US$100 billion per year, according to estimates from UNDP and the World Bank. Despite international pledges of financial support to developing countries for adaptation (and mitigation), it is unclear where this funding will come from. New and additional sources of funding for adaptation are desperately needed. The International Air Passenger Adaptation Levy (IAPAL) is a proposed new purchase tax on air tickets, the proceeds of which would be dedicated to investment in adaptation to climate change. IAPAL would not mitigate the effects of climate change because it does not aim to reduce flight numbers and therefore aviation's contribution to climate change. IAPAL could immediately raise up to US$10 billion annually for adaptation, and considerably more in the longer term. Aviation is a sector with a relatively low price-elasticity of demand, meaning that price increases do not greatly reduce the demand for most flights. This makes taxation an unsuitable method of reducing demand but indicates that it could be suitable for raising revenue. It also suggests that it could raise a considerable amount of revenue. This paper revisits the key assumptions made in the original paper proposing this scheme (by Mueller and Hepburn in 2006), while also offering fresh thinking. This paper analyses current international agreements, to determine the feasibility of introducing IAPAL. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is the UN agency with global responsibility for establishing standards, recommended practices and guidance on various aspects of international aviation, including environmental protection. Despite ICAO's current focus on the mitigation aspects of aviation, the evidence suggests no likely contradiction in including a levy for adaptation purposes. This is providing that the purpose of IAPAL – adaptation rather than mitigation – is clear and that

  19. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiralongo, Evelin; Wee, Shirley S; Lea, Rodney A

    2016-01-01

    Intercontinental air travel can be stressful, especially for respiratory health. Elderberries have been used traditionally, and in some observational and clinical studies, as supportive agents against the common cold and influenza. This randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of 312 economy class passengers travelling from Australia to an overseas destination aimed to investigate if a standardised membrane filtered elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extract has beneficial effects on physical, especially respiratory, and mental health. Cold episodes, cold duration and symptoms were noted in a daily diary and assessed using the Jackson score. Participants also completed three surveys containing questions regarding upper respiratory symptoms (WURSS-21) and quality of life (SF-12) at baseline, just before travel and at 4-days after travel. Most cold episodes occurred in the placebo group (17 vs. 12), however the difference was not significant (p = 0.4). Placebo group participants had a significantly longer duration of cold episode days (117 vs. 57, p = 0.02) and the average symptom score over these days was also significantly higher (583 vs. 247, p = 0.05). These data suggest a significant reduction of cold duration and severity in air travelers. More research is warranted to confirm this effect and to evaluate elderberry's physical and mental health benefits. PMID:27023596

  20. Elderberry Supplementation Reduces Cold Duration and Symptoms in Air-Travellers: A Randomized, Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelin Tiralongo

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Intercontinental air travel can be stressful, especially for respiratory health. Elderberries have been used traditionally, and in some observational and clinical studies, as supportive agents against the common cold and influenza. This randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial of 312 economy class passengers travelling from Australia to an overseas destination aimed to investigate if a standardised membrane filtered elderberry (Sambucus nigra L. extract has beneficial effects on physical, especially respiratory, and mental health. Cold episodes, cold duration and symptoms were noted in a daily diary and assessed using the Jackson score. Participants also completed three surveys containing questions regarding upper respiratory symptoms (WURSS-21 and quality of life (SF-12 at baseline, just before travel and at 4-days after travel. Most cold episodes occurred in the placebo group (17 vs. 12, however the difference was not significant (p = 0.4. Placebo group participants had a significantly longer duration of cold episode days (117 vs. 57, p = 0.02 and the average symptom score over these days was also significantly higher (583 vs. 247, p = 0.05. These data suggest a significant reduction of cold duration and severity in air travelers. More research is warranted to confirm this effect and to evaluate elderberry’s physical and mental health benefits.

  1. Immigrant status and increased risk of heart failure: the role of hypertension and life-style risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borné Yan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies from Sweden have reported association between immigrant status and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The nature of this relationship is unclear. We investigated the relationship between immigrant status and risk of heart failure (HF hospitalization in a population-based cohort, and to what extent this is mediated by hypertension and life-style risk factors. We also explored whether immigrant status was related to case-fatality after HF. Methods 26,559 subjects without history of myocardial infarction (MI, stroke or HF from the community-based Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC cohort underwent a baseline examination during 1991-1996. Incidence of HF hospitalizations was monitored during a mean follow-up of 15 years. Results 3,129 (11.8% subjects were born outside Sweden. During follow-up, 764 subjects were hospitalized with HF as primary diagnosis, of whom 166 had an MI before or concurrent with the HF. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the hazard ratios (HR for foreign-born were 1.37 (95% CI: 1.08-1.73, p = 0.009 compared to native Swedes, for HF without previous MI. The results were similar in a secondary analysis without censoring at incident MI. There was a significant interaction (p Conclusions Immigrant status was associated with long-term risk of HF hospitalization, independently of hypertension and several life-style risk factors. A significant interaction between WC and immigrant status on incident HF was observed.

  2. Oxidative stress associated with exercise, psychological stress and life-style factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, P; Wallin, H; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

    1996-01-01

    generation. Here, we review the effect of alcohol, air pollution, cigarette smoke, diet, exercise, non-ionizing radiation (UV and microwaves) and psychological stress on the development of oxidative stress. Regular exercise and carbohydrate-rich diets seem to increase the resistance against oxidative stress....... Air pollution, alcohol, cigarette smoke, non-ionizing radiation and psychological stress seem to increase oxidative stress. Alcohol in lower doses may act as an antioxidant on low density lipoproteins and thereby have an anti-atherosclerotic property....

  3. A comparison of greenhouse gas emissions and local area pollution of highspeed rail and air travel between Los Angeles and Las Vegas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mullins, Damien

    Global warming is one of the most discussed global environmental issues in the world today. Global warming is driven by fossil fuel combustion emissions known as Green-house Gases (GHG). One of the major contributors to GHG emissions is the transport sector, emitting approximately 30% of total U.S. CO 2 emissions in 2010. Air travel contributed approximately 3.5% of total U.S. CO2 in 2008. High-speed Rail (HSR) is often touted as cleaner, more sustainable mode of transport than air travel. HSR is one of few modes of transport capable of competing with air travel for short to medium-haul distances. There has been considerable study of GHG emissions of each independently. Research has also been carried out into the economics and competition of these transport modes. However, there has been very limited study of the comparative emissions of each, apart from one study in Europe (Givoni, 2007). The current study was undertaken with the goal of quantifying potential emission savings due to mode substitution from air travel to HSR in the Los Angeles to Las Vegas corridor. This study only considered the emissions which occurred from the combustion of the relevant fuels, either in power plants or the engines of an aircraft. Emissions from fuel production/refining or transport of fuels were not considered. Another issue compared was Local Area Pollution (LAP), which is a measure of the severity of emissions effect on the environment. This was examined because all emissions from HSR occur close to the surface of the earth, and hence effect the local environment, while only a portion of aircraft emissions do. This study was carried out using internationally recognized emission inventory methodologies. For the air travel emission estimate methodologies and data published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) were used. The HSR energy use was estimated from energy use data from currently running HSR

  4. A Research on The Relation between the Healthy Life Style Behaviors and Self-Care Levels of the Students in Health and Social Programs of Vocational Collages

    OpenAIRE

    Ünalan, Demet; Şenol, Vesile; Ahmet ÖZTÜRK; Erkorkmaz, Ünal

    2007-01-01

    This study has been planned to determine the self-care agency and the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students studying at both health and social vocational collages, to study the relations between these two, and to make the affecting factors clear. The mean point of the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students who study on medical subjects is 118.46±21.38, and the mean point for the students of the social programs is 125.34±23.95. It has been found that th...

  5. Childhood Obesity, Overweight, Socio-Demographic and Life Style Determinants among Preschool Children in Babol, Northern Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Childhood obesity and overweight are a general public health concern in a transition society. Thus, the objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and their correlates with socio-demographic and life style related factors.This cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 representative samples of preschool children aged 2 to 5 years in urban area of Babol, northern Iran. The weight and height were measured with standard method and the socio-demographic and life style data were collected by interviewing their parents. The diagnosis of overweight and obesity was based on CDC criteria.The prevalence rate of overweight and obesity were 11.8%, 15% respectively. There was no significant difference observed between sexes. The odds of overweight/obesity was elevated more than double in age 4-5 years compared with 2-3 years(OR=2.53, 95%CI:1.71-3.73. By parental education at university level, the odds ratio significant decreased compared with primary level (OR=0.34, 95%CI: 0.31-0.90 and OR=0.49, 95%CI: 0.34-0.98 for mothers and fathers respectively. Parental obesity is positively associated with overweight/obesity risk OR=2.67(95%CI: 1.75, 4.07 and 1.61(95% CI: 1.04-2.150 for mothers and fathers respectively. While spending ≥2 hours per day for Tv watching and ≥1 hours for playing with computer games tended to elevate the risk but not significant.The findings indicate that overweight and obesity are high in preschool children in Babol. Increasing child age, parental obesity, spending more times on TV and playing with computer games are positively associated with overweight/obesity while parental education at university level is inversely associated.

  6. Astrophysics and air travel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    If you have a fear of flying, then probably the last thing on your mind when you are 10 km above the ground is what might be going on in the depths of the galaxy. But airline pilots and cabin crew might want to brush up on their astroparticle physics. High-energy particles coming from violent galactic events mean that radiation exposure for aircrew is higher than it is for most people classified as radiation workers. But the type of radiation that they are exposed to is very different. The majority of the exposure comes from cosmic radiation that originates outside our solar system. Violent events such as stellar flares, supernovae and the explosion of galactic nuclei produce a concoction of subatomic particles, primarily protons and electrons. The energies of these particles can be greater than 1020 eV - billions of times higher than in the most powerful particle accelerators - although such energetic particles are very rare. Nuclear particles, which comprise about 98% of the radiation, typically have energies that are between 100 MeV and 10 GeV per nucleon. Proportional counter that can measure cosmic radiation is described. (U.K.)

  7. Silk Reeling and Health: Life Style and Quality of Life of Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Anand Inbanathan; Om Prakash

    2003-01-01

    Silk reeling is an activity where mostly people of little education and skill learn reeling skills while being employed in the reeling units. Reeling is carried out in an environment of persistent air pollution. Workers allergic to the silk allergen (sericin and pupal allergens) suffer from respiratory problems and asthma, i.e. of occupational asthma. Non-occupational asthma victims may suffer exacerbations due to irritant effects of the silk occupation. Work-aggravated asthma follows mainly ...

  8. Life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi males older than 12 years of age life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi males older than 12 years of age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study highlighted life styles related to coronary artery disease risk factors among patients attending a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from 18/4/2006 to 13/6/2006. All adult male patients older than 12 years of age who attended one consultant primary care clinic were included in the study. All patients were interviewed by one consultant in family medicine during the study period. The patients were asked about dietary habits, physical activity and type of exercise, and smoking habits. Weight and height was taken for all patients by the nurse in the clinic and body mass index (BMI) was calculated for all patients. The total numbers of participants were 246 patients. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 11.5. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of the 246 male adult patients, 45.4% always consumed vegetables and fruits in their diet, 21.5% exercised on a daily bases, 51.2% exercised sometimes, and 26% did not exercise at all. The type of exercise practiced by active participants was walking (76.5%) and sports (22.9%). Sports included football, basketball, swimming, and other sport club activity. Only 20.7% of the participants had an ideal body weight (BMI<25), 37.4% were overweight (BMI 25 to <30), while 37.7% of the participants were obese (BMI ? 30). 8.9% of the participants were current smokers. Conclusion and recommendation: Overweight and obesity is a common health problem among male adult patients attending a primary care setting. Improved dietary habits (consumption of vegetables and fruits, and minimization of fat and sweets), encouraging exercise and walking, and helping current smokers to quit smoking are essential steps towards improving life styles in the

  9. Connected Traveler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, Alex

    2015-11-01

    The Connected Traveler project is a multi-disciplinary undertaking that seeks to validate potential for transformative transportation system energy savings by incentivizing efficient traveler behavior. This poster outlines various aspects of the Connected Traveler project, including market opportunity, understanding traveler behavior and decision-making, automation and connectivity, and a projected timeline for Connected Traveler's key milestones.

  10. 'A convenient truth': air travel passengers' willingness to pay to offset their CO{sub 2} emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brouwer, R.; Brander, L.; P. Beukering, P. Van [Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Netherlands). Institute for Environmental Studies

    2008-10-15

    Several economic reviews demonstrate the substantial costs related to climate change and consequently call for early action. These reviews, however, have been limited to measuring 'objective' risks and expected material damage related to climate change. The 'subjective' perceived risk of climate change and society's willingness to pay (WTP) toavoid these risks are expected to provide an important additional motivation for direct action. We investigate whether and why air travel passengers -- an increasingly important source of greenhouse gas emissions -- are supportive of measures that increase the cost of their travel based on the polluter pays principle and compensate the damage caused by their flight. Compared to the results of the few previous studies that have elicited WTP estimates for climate policy more generally, our results appear to be at the lower end of the scale, while a comparison to estimates of the social cost of carbon shows that the average WTP estimate in this study is close to the estimated marginal damage cost. Although significant differences are found between travellers from Europe, North America, Asia and the rest of the world, we show that there exists a substantial demand for climate change mitigation action. The positive risk premium over and above the expected property damage cost assessments should be accounted for more explicitly in economic reviews as it will add to the burden of proof of direct action. Measurements of passenger WTP will help policy makers to design effective financial instruments aimed at discouraging climate-unfriendly travel activities as well as to generate funds for the measures directed at climate change mitigation and adaptation. Based on stated WTP by travellers to offset their greenhouse gas emissions, funds in the order of magnitude of 23 billion Euros could be generated annually to finance climate change mitigation activities.

  11. WOMEN FACING HEAVY VAGINAL DISCHARGE (LEUCORRHEA BY VIRTUE OF UNHEALTHY LIFE STYLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somia Gul

    2013-01-01

    consist of correct dietary habits, proper sleep, exercise, fresh air and sunshine.

  12. Recommendations for Patients with Chronic Respiratory Disease Considering Air Travel: A Statement from the Canadian Thoracic Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dale Lien

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with respiratory disease regularly seek the convenience of commercial airline travel. In addition to the stresses that all patients with chronic disease encounter, these patients are exposed to the affects of acute altitudinal hypoxemia. This in turn has the potential to produce significant symptoms and complications in-flight for patients with chronic respiratory disease. This article reviews the current literature, and seeks to help the practicing physician by providing recommendations on which patients should be assessed preflight, the type of assessment that should be carried out and recommendations for providing advice to these travelling patients.

  13. The long-term effect of a population-based life-style intervention on smoking and alcohol consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baumann, Sophie; Toft, Ulla Marie Nørgaard; Aadahl, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: To examine whether improvements in smoking and alcohol consumption throughout the 5-year course of a population-based multi-factorial life-style intervention were sustained 5 years after its discontinuation. DESIGN: Population-based randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Suburbs of Copenhagen......; participants at high risk of ischaemic heart disease-according to pre-specified criteria-were also offered group-based counselling. MEASUREMENTS: Self-reported point abstinence from smoking as well as changes in the average alcohol consumption per week and binge drinking in the past week from baseline to 10......-year follow-up were investigated using random-effects modelling. FINDINGS: At 10-year follow up, people in the intervention group reported a higher smoking abstinence rate [odds ratio (OR) = 1.84, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.02-3.33, P = 0.043] and a greater reduction in binge drinking (net change...

  14. Relationship between life style-related factors with cardiac ischemia among inpatients: A case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Eftekhar Ardebili

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: More than seventeen millions people die due to cardiovascular diseases which account for one third of death worldwide. Half of 60% of all mortality caused by acquired diseases throughout the world is due to heart disorders and this ratio will augment to 73% by 2020. It is known that individual lifestyle has a great influence on the well-being of cardiovascular system. Seven of the top ten etiologies leading to death are related to the pattern of lifestyle. This study explored various lifestyle-related factors affecting ischemic conditions. Method: This study was performed as a case control investigation on 65 subjects along with 65 controls who were all admitted at Sevome Shaaban hospital in Damavand town of Iran. All data demographic and life-style variables were gathered, using three different types of questionnaire obtained from each person. p< 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Age, marriage status, smoking, physical activities, diet and mental health condition were shown to have a significant effect on ischemia (P <0.001. Insufficient physical activities, fatty and low fiber food as well as impaired psychology conditions were among the risk factors that contributed to Ischemic heart disease. Conclusion: Insufficient physical activities, fatty and low fiber food as well as impaired psychology conditions were among the risk factors that contribute to ischemic heart disease.

  15. 78 FR 67881 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel: Accessibility of Web Sites and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-12

    ... assistance for a visually impaired passenger, and stowage of an assistive device. Automated Airport Kiosk... airport kiosks simplifies the airport ] experience of countless travelers as they independently conduct... Accessible Kiosks. airports to ensure that accessible automated airport kiosks are visually and...

  16. Travelers' Health: Travel and Breastfeeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... hand expression, see www.workandpump.com/handexpression.htm ). TRAVELING WITH A BREASTFEEDING CHILD Breastfeeding provides unique benefits to mothers and children traveling together. Health care ...

  17. Carbon isotopic composition of branched tetraether membrane lipids in soils suggest a rapid turnover and a heterotrophic life style of their source organism(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. H. Weijers

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers (GDGTs are membrane spanning lipids synthesised by as yet unknown bacteria that thrive in soils and peat. In order to obtain more information on their ecological niche, the stable carbon isotopic composition of branched GDGT-derived alkanes, obtained upon ether bond cleavage, has been determined in a peat and various soils, i.e. forest, grassland and cropland, covered by various vegetation types, i.e., C3- vs. C4-plant type. These δ13C values are compared with those of bulk organic matter and higher plant derived n-alkanes from the same soils. With average δ13C values of −28‰, branched GDGTs in C3 soils are only slightly depleted (ca. 1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and on average 8.5‰ enriched relative to plant wax-derived long-chain n-alkanes ( nC29nC33. In an Australian soil dominantly covered with C4 type vegetation, the branched GDGTs have a δ13C value of −18‰, clearly higher than observed in soils with C3 type vegetation. As with C3 vegetated soils, branched GDGT δ13C values are slightly depleted (1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and enriched (ca. 5‰ relative to n-alkanes in this soil. The δ13C values of branched GDGT lipids being similar to bulk organic carbon and their co-variation with those of bulk organic carbon and plant waxes, suggest a heterotrophic life style and assimilation of relatively heavy and likely labile substrates for the as yet unknown soil bacteria that synthesise the branched GDGT lipids. However, a chemoautotrophic lifestyle, i.e. consuming respired CO2, could not be fully excluded based on these data alone. Based on a natural labelling experiment of a C3/C4 crop change introduced on one of the soils 23 years before sampling and based

  18. Carbon isotopic composition of branched tetraether membrane lipids in soils suggest a rapid turnover and a heterotrophic life style of their source organism(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. H. Weijers

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers (GDGTs are membrane spanning lipids synthesised by as yet unknown bacteria that thrive in soils and peat. In order to obtain more information on their ecological niche, the stable carbon isotopic composition of branched GDGT-derived alkanes, obtained upon ether bond cleavage, has been determined in various soils, i.e. peat, forest, grassland and cropland, covered by various vegetation types, i.e., C3- vs. C4-plant type. These δ13C values are compared with those of bulk organic matter and higher plant derived n-alkanes from the same soils. With average δ13C values of −28‰, branched GDGTs in C3 soils are only slightly depleted (ca. 1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and on average 8.5‰ enriched relative to plant wax-derived long-chain n-alkanes (nC29nC33. In an Australian soil covered with C4 type vegetation, the branched GDGTs have a δ13C value of −18‰, clearly higher than observed in soils with C3 type vegetation. As with C3 vegetated soils, branched GDGT δ13C values are slightly depleted (1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and enriched (ca. 5‰ relative to n-alkanes in this soil. The δ13C values of branched GDGT lipids being similar to bulk organic carbon and their co-variation with those of bulk organic carbon and plant waxes, suggest a heterotrophic life style and assimilation of relatively heavy and likely labile substrates for the as yet unknown soil bacteria that synthesise the branched GDGT lipids. However, a chemoautotrophic lifestyle, i.e. consuming respired CO2, could not be fully excluded based on these data alone. Based on a natural labelling experiment of a C3/C4 crop change introduced on one of the soils 23 years before sampling and based on a free air CO

  19. Travel Guide (Travelling Fires)

    OpenAIRE

    Stern-Gottfried, Jamie; Rein, Guillermo; Torero, Jose L

    2009-01-01

    Close inspection of real fires in large, open compartments reveals that they do not burn simultaneously throughout the whole compartment. Instead, these fires tend to move as flames spread, partitions or false ceilings break, and ventilation changes through glazing failure. These fires have been labelled ‘travelling fires’ and represent a new understanding of fire behaviour in modern building layouts. Despite these observations, fire scenarios currently used for the structural fire design of ...

  20. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DM, HYPERTENSION AND ASSOCIATION WITH LIFE STYLE AS RISK FACTORS IN A RURAL POPULATION DISTRICT GHAZIABAD (U. P.)

    OpenAIRE

    Narendra; Dixit

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Estimation of rising prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity etc & association with various risk factors is having bearing on effective preventive programmes. Cross sectional study was conducted in rural population in a health centre to assess prevalence of DM, Hypertension, and association with their life style if any. METHODS: Pretested proforma administered to all males 35 -50 yrs age coming to a health Centre. Information on diets...

  1. Work life balance up in the air: Does gender make a difference between female and male international business travelers?

    OpenAIRE

    Kollinger-Santer, Iris; Fischlmayr, Iris C.

    2013-01-01

    Managing work-life balance (WLB) has become an issue for both employees and HR departments since WLB tensions may reduce performance, overall job satisfaction and finally, increase the fluctuation rate. Having a balance between job and non-work is a particular challenge for international business travelers, but research on this topic is still in its very infancy. The aim of this article and its underlying qualitative study was to discover factors that influence WLB of those employees, and to ...

  2. Smoking, consumption of alcohol and sedentary life style in population grouping and their relationships with lipemic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas Martins Ignez

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available The study, part of the project "Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, lipemic disorders, hypertension, obesity and diabetis mellitus in a population of the metropolitan area of the southeastern region of Brazil", had the following objectives: a the characterization and distribution among typical human socio-economic groupings, of the prevalence of some particular habits which constitute aspects of life-style-the use of tobacco, the use of alcohol and sedentary activity; b the establishment of the interrelation between the above-mentioned habits and some lipemic disorders. The prevalence of the habits cited behaved in the following manner: the use of tobacco predominated among men, distributed uniformly throughout the social strata; among the women the average percentage of smokers was 18,9%, a significant difference occurring among the highest socio-economic class, where the average was of 40.2%. The sedentary style of life presented high prevalence, among both men and women with exception of the women of the highest socio-economic level and of the skilled working class. The use of alcohol, as one would expect, is a habit basically practised by the men, without any statistically significant differences between classes. For the purpose of establishing associations between these risk fictors and lipemic conditions four situations were chosen, of the following characteristics: 1- total cholesterol > or = 220 mg/dl and triglycerides > or = 150 mg/dl; 2- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl; 3- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl, and the following independent variables: age, use of tobacco and the interactions between obesity and smoking, age and sedentary lifestyle, sex and obesity (R2=22%; the standardized B coefficient showed that the variables with the greatest weight in the forecasting of the variation in the levels of cholesterol were smoking and the interaction between obesity and smoking. The hypercholesterolemia accompanied by triglycerides levels

  3. The Evaluation of Multiple Sclerosis Dispersal in Iran and Its Association with Urbanization, Life Style and Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouhullah DEHGHANI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS is an autoimmune disease with unknown factor. The prevalence and incidence rate of this disease had an upward trend in many regions in the world such as Middle east and consequently in Iran over the recent years. As the risk factors of this increased trend and high-prevalence is unknown in Iran, the current study has been designed to evaluate the correlation between MS dispersal with urbanization, life style and industry, as an ecological research.Methods: This retrospective study was designed as an ecological approach in 2011. Data were collected from three databases by high precision (CI95% from national registry plans. The subjects of study were provinces of Iran (n=31. The linear regression was used to perform statistical analyses.Results: The obtained results indicated an ascendant trend of MS during the recent years, as the incidence of this dis-ease reached from 26.24/100000 (CI95% people in 2006 to 44.53/100000 (CI95% in 2011. There is a direct correla-tion (P<0.05 between the percentage of urbanization and the percentage of male smokers with the prevalence of MS in provinces.Conclusion: The role of smoking was more highlighted in this study as a probable factor in increasing risk and caus-ing MS disease. Urbanization could be introduced as an augmentative factor, but this is a combination of several com-plex factors that this effect must be appraised with smaller scale in other researches.

  4. Life Style Education and Counseling Improved Quality of Life and Renal Function in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuman Ugurlu Yildiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM The purpose of this study was to describe of life-style modifiying education and counseling to examine their effect on renal function and quality of life. METHODS Eighty four patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD were enrolled in the study. Quality of life (QoL was measured by means of Short Form-36 (SF-36 and subscale scores were calculated prior to the education and counseling . The education and counseling program focuses on behaviour style including excersize and diet issues and also cessation of smoking and alcohol consumption. These programs has been conducted by a nurse twice a week, throughout eight weeks. After this program, the patients have been evaluated by means of SF-36 and a questionary for CKD patients. Data were analysed by SPSS pocket program. RESULTS All dimensions of QoL of patients were signicicantly better after the education and counseling, as compared with that of prior to the intervention. The mean of exercize duration and percent of patients who adjusted diet programme were increased and serum albumin means were increased, serum urea and serum creatinine means were decreased after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the education and counseling. Systolic tension arteriel means were lower after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the education and counseling. However, the number of cigarette in a day, the glass of alcohol in a week and the diastolic tension arteriel means were not different after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the intervention. CONCLUSION The patients with chronic kidney disease positevely improved their health-related quality of life and some renal functions after the education and counseling. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(6.000: 667-672

  5. Influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habits) on the spontaneous and radiation induced micronuclei frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several endpoints have been used for monitoring human populations for environmental or occupational exposure to genotoxic agents, particularly ionizing radiation. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay in peripheral lymphocytes is a reliable method for assessing radiation induced chromosomal damage (DNA breaks and mitotic spindle disturbances) and thus, a suitable dosimeter for estimating in vivo whole body exposures. To further define the use of this assay in Biological Dosimetry, a study to determine the influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habit) on the spontaneous and radiation induced MN frequencies was performed. The estimation of MN frequencies was analyzed in lymphocytes cultures from 50 healthy donors aged between 4 and 62 years. On the basis of their smoking habit they were divided into 2 groups. A fraction of the sample was irradiated in vitro with γ rays in the range of 0.35 Gy to 4 Gy. A statistically significant influence on the spontaneous MN frequency was observed (R2 = 0.59) when the variables age and smoking habit were analyzed and also a statistically significant influence on the radiation induced MN frequency was obtained (R2 = 0.86) when dose, age and smoking habit were studied. Sex did not influence MN variability significantly but there was a greater dispersion in the results for females when compared to males, possibly due to the loss of X chromosomes. The comparison of the data from smoking donors to non smoking donors supports the convenience of taking into account the smoking habit for estimating in vivo whole body exposure to γ rays for doses below 2 Gy. (author). 8 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  6. Travel medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aw, Brian; Boraston, Suni; Botten, David; Cherniwchan, Darin; Fazal, Hyder; Kelton, Timothy; Libman, Michael; Saldanha, Colin; Scappatura, Philip; Stowe, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Objective To define the practice of travel medicine, provide the basics of a comprehensive pretravel consultation for international travelers, and assist in identifying patients who might require referral to travel medicine professionals. Sources of information Guidelines and recommendations on travel medicine and travel-related illnesses by national and international travel health authorities were reviewed. MEDLINE and EMBASE searches for related literature were also performed. Main message Travel medicine is a highly dynamic specialty that focuses on pretravel preventive care. A comprehensive risk assessment for each individual traveler is essential in order to accurately evaluate traveler-, itinerary-, and destination-specific risks, and to advise on the most appropriate risk management interventions to promote health and prevent adverse health outcomes during travel. Vaccinations might also be required and should be personalized according to the individual traveler’s immunization history, travel itinerary, and the amount of time available before departure. Conclusion A traveler’s health and safety depends on a practitioner’s level of expertise in providing pretravel counseling and vaccinations, if required. Those who advise travelers are encouraged to be aware of the extent of this responsibility and to refer all high-risk travelers to travel medicine professionals whenever possible. PMID:25500599

  7. Connected Traveler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-06-01

    The Connected Traveler framework seeks to boost the energy efficiency of personal travel and the overall transportation system by maximizing the accuracy of predicted traveler behavior in response to real-time feedback and incentives. It is anticipated that this approach will establish a feedback loop that 'learns' traveler preferences and customizes incentives to meet or exceed energy efficiency targets by empowering individual travelers with information needed to make energy-efficient choices and reducing the complexity required to validate transportation system energy savings. This handout provides an overview of NREL's Connected Traveler project, including graphics, milestones, and contact information.

  8. Business travel and sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Aguilera, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Although it contributes significantly to the demand for transport, in particular air transport, business travel has been relatively neglected in thinking about the strategies needed to promote more sustainable mobility practices. This paper provides a two-stage approach to this subject. We begin by showing how the sustainability of business travel is relevant not only in environmental terms, but also from an economic and social perspective. In the second stage, we consider the strategies that...

  9. Travel sketches

    OpenAIRE

    Kolakowski, Marcin

    2013-01-01

    Collection of quick travel sketches from private sketchbooks (mixed techniques, pencil, ink pens, water colour, pastels). Contributions to University Gallery showing travel sketches of alumni of Leibniz Universität Hannover - Landscape Architecture Faculty

  10. Travel Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... taking a quick trip with your family or studying abroad for several months, it's easier to get sick ... Keeping Your Cool in the Cold and Snow Studying Abroad Traveling and Asthma Food Allergies and Travel Food ...

  11. Travelling 'green': Is tourists' happiness at stake?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Nawijn (Jeroen); P.M. Peeters (Paul)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractSeveral western governments have implemented environmental policies which increase the cost of air travel. Such policies aim to reduce the impact of air travel on climate change, but at the same time they restrict tourists in their travels. This study examines the extent to which the ave

  12. Travelling 'green': is tourists' happiness at stake?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nawijn, J.; Peeters, P.M.

    2010-01-01

    Several western governments have implemented environmental policies which increase the cost of air travel. Such policies aim to reduce the impact of air travel on climate change, but at the same time they restrict tourists in their travels. This study examines the extent to which the average tourist

  13. Travelers' Health: Cruise Ship Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Counterfeit Drugs Cruise Ship Travel Families with Children Fish Poisoning in Travelers Food and Water Getting Health ... INJURY ABOARD CRUISE SHIPS Cruise ship medical clinics deal with a wide variety of illnesses and injuries. ...

  14. The homotopic method of travelling wave solution for E1 Ni(n)o tropic sea-air coupled oscillator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mo Jia-Qi; Lin Wan-Tao

    2008-01-01

    The EI Ni(n)o and Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an interannual phenomenon involved in the tropical Pacific sea-air interactions. In this paper, an asymptotic method of solving nonlinear equations for the ENSO model is proposed. And based on a class of oscillator of the ENSO model and by employing the method of homotopic mapping, the approximate solution of equations for the corresponding ENSO model is studied. It is proved from the results that homotopic method can be used for analysing the sea surface temperature anomaly in the equatorial Pacific of the sea-air oscillator for the ENSO model.

  15. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. Accordingly, people use and consume them with impunity. Human exploits animals to use them for different kinds of purposes he wishes. While some of them are cared and fed at home (like cats, dogs some of them are raised at farms for eating or to benefit from their products such as eggs and milk. There are also some other animals to be used for entertaining purposes in circuses or camel wrestling and bull fighting. There are also animals used for their abilities. A police dog can be given as an example. Police dogs are used for their powerful sense of smell that people have not. There have been some traditional practices that include some animals. Other two examples are turkeys being eaten at thanksgiving day and a ram decorated at the Festival of Sacrifice and sent to the fiancée‘s home. On the one hand it is observed that consuming meat of an animal has different meanings in terms of gender considerations. For example, eating meat is viewed as masculine behavior while eating vegetables is feminine. In addition, meat at advertisements is generally symbolized as a woman. These kinds of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs affect development of veganism/ vegetarianism positively or negatively. In this paper, veganism/vegetarianism is described as a life style. Özet Gün geçtikçe sayılarında artış olan vegan ve vejetaryenlik, bir yaşam tarzı, bir hayat felsefesi ve biyoetik bir yaklaşımdır. İnsanların vegan/vejetaryenliği seçme nedenleri farklılık g

  16. Design of the New Life(style study: a randomised controlled trial to optimise maternal weight development during pregnancy. [ISRCTN85313483

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seidell Jacob C

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy is potentially important in the prevention of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age. However, few intervention studies aiming at weight management during pregnancy have been performed and most of these interventions were not as successful as expected. In this paper the design of the New Life(style study is described as well as the content of the individually tailored intervention program, which focuses on controlling weight development during pregnancy. Methods The effectiveness of the New Life(style intervention program versus usual care by midwives is evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. Women who expect their first child and visit one of the participating midwifery practices are included. The intervention is standardised in a protocol and executed by trained counsellors with the women who are randomised in the intervention group. During 5 sessions – at 18, 22, 30 and 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 8 weeks postpartum – individual weight gain is discussed in relation to weight gain guidelines for pregnant women of the American Institute of Medicine. Counsellors coach the women to maintain or optimise a healthy lifestyle, in a period of drastic physical and mental changes. Data is collected at 15, 25, 35 weeks of pregnancy and at 6, 26, and 52 weeks after delivery. Primary outcome measures are body weight, BMI, and skinfold thickness. Secondary outcome measures include physical activity, nutrition and blood levels of factors that are associated with energy homeostasis. Discussion Results of the current RCT will improve the knowledge of determinants of weight gain during pregnancy, weight retention after childbirth and of the effectiveness of the intervention program that is described. Caregivers and researchers in the field of health promotion are offered more insight in specific elements of the New Life(style intervention program.

  17. Thoughts on Strengthening the Life Style Construction of Leading Cadres%强化领导干部的生活作风建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯朝濮

    2014-01-01

    At present,a few leading cadres are having bad life style which has bad influence on the image and the future of the party.This has consequently lead to the wide spread of the four undesirable work styles and will hinge the development of the country.Therefore,we must attach great importance to the implementation of innovative measures,such as focus on three outlooks education and tamp the foundation of life;update the concept and carry forward the high-quality life;focus on the system construction,standardize and guide the healthy life style and so on,to further strengthen the construction of leading ca-dres'life style,thus change the resistance to the driving power.%当前少数领导干部生活作风不良,危及党的形象和命运,导致“四风暠的蔓延,成为发展的阻力。为此,我们必须高度重视并采取创新性举措,着力“三观暠教育,夯实人生之基;着力更新观念,弘扬优秀生活品格;着力制度建设,规范和引导良好的生活作风等等,进一步强化领导干部生活作风建设,变阻力为动力。

  18. Plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric and dietary characteristic: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jihye; Yang, Yoon Jung

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to provide useful insights into plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric, and dietary characteristics. SUBJECTS/METHODS The data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. The subjects were 14,428 aged 20-64 years. Water intake was estimated by asking the question "How much water do you usually consume per day?". Dietary intake was estimated by 24-hour dietary reca...

  19. Understanding taxi travel patterns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hua; Zhan, Xiaowei; Zhu, Ji; Jia, Xiaoping; Chiu, Anthony S. F.; Xu, Ming

    2016-09-01

    Taxis play important roles in modern urban transportation systems, especially in mega cities. While providing necessary amenities, taxis also significantly contribute to traffic congestion, urban energy consumption, and air pollution. Understanding the travel patterns of taxis is thus important for addressing many urban sustainability challenges. Previous research has primarily focused on examining the statistical properties of passenger trips, which include only taxi trips occupied with passengers. However, unoccupied trips are also important for urban sustainability issues because they represent potential opportunities to improve the efficiency of the transportation system. Therefore, we need to understand the travel patterns of taxis as an integrated system, instead of focusing only on the occupied trips. In this study we examine GPS trajectory data of 11,880 taxis in Beijing, China for a period of three weeks. Our results show that taxi travel patterns share similar traits with travel patterns of individuals but also exhibit differences. Trip displacement distribution of taxi travels is statistically greater than the exponential distribution and smaller than the truncated power-law distribution. The distribution of short trips (less than 30 miles) can be best fitted with power-law while long trips follow exponential decay. We use radius of gyration to characterize individual taxi's travel distance and find that it does not follow a truncated power-law as observed in previous studies. Spatial and temporal regularities exist in taxi travels. However, with increasing spatial coverage, taxi trips can exhibit dual high probability density centers.

  20. Travel intermediaries and responsibility for compliance with EU travel law : A scattered legal picture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, Anne

    2016-01-01

    Travel intermediaries, commonly known as travel agencies, are important and well-known actors in the travel sector and online travel agencies such as Expedia, Booking.com and AirBnB are booming. Although intermediaries obviously bring clear benefits for contracting parties, they also complicate the

  1. Travelers' Health: Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in Travelers Food and Water Getting Health Care Abroad Getting Sick After Travel High Altitudes Hot Climates Humanitarian Aid Workers Humanitarian ... such as inherited thrombophilia. The combination of air travel with ... may have a synergistic effect on the risk for VTE. For air travelers, ...

  2. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DM, HYPERTENSION AND ASSOCIATION WITH LIFE STYLE AS RISK FACTORS IN A RURAL POPULATION DISTRICT GHAZIABAD (U. P.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narendra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Estimation of rising prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity etc & association with various risk factors is having bearing on effective preventive programmes. Cross sectional study was conducted in rural population in a health centre to assess prevalence of DM, Hypertension, and association with their life style if any. METHODS: Pretested proforma administered to all males 35 -50 yrs age coming to a health Centre. Information on diets, habits, physical activity, medical & family history, height, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar level was taken. For data analyses epi info software used. RESULTS: Out of 1120 participants, 186 were having Hypertension, prevalence of 16.87%, 14 hypertensive, (7.53 % with positive family history of hypertension. 89 were Diabetic, prevalence of 7.94 %. In this group, 7 (7.90% had family history of diabetes. Overall 258 (25.03% had abnormal BMI, age group with highest BMI as risk factor, had higher hypertensive & Diabetics persons, most of them consuming non-vegetarian diet with saturated fats. Most of participants were doing mild to moderate physical activity. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: The study provides insight on high burden, of Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, and the associated risk factors in a rural population in a health Centre. Life style modifications, more physical activity, lesser intake of non-vegetarian items, fats, salt in the diet, will result in lesser risk & load of these diseases.

  3. Travelling diabetics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chełmińska, Katarzyna; Jaremin, Bogdan

    2002-01-01

    During the past several decades, the number of both business and tourist travels has greatly increased. Among them are persons suffering from chronic diseases, including diabetics for whom travels pose the additional health-hazard. Irrespective of better education, self-control and constantly improving quality of specialistic equipment available, diabetics still are the group of patients requiring particular attention. In the case of travelling diabetics, problems may occur concerning the transport and storage of insulin, as well as control of glycaemia, all caused by irregularity of meals, variable diet, physical activity, stress, kinetosis (sea voyages), and the change of time zones. The travel may as well evoke ailments caused by the change of climate and concomitant diseases such as traveller's diarrhoea, malaria, etc. Apart from avoiding glycaemia fluctuations, important for retaining health of diabetics is the prevention of other diseases and carrying the necessary drugs.

  4. Smoking, consumption of alcohol and sedentary life style in population grouping and their relationships with lipemic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignez Salas Martins

    1995-02-01

    Full Text Available The study, part of the project "Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, lipemic disorders, hypertension, obesity and diabetis mellitus in a population of the metropolitan area of the southeastern region of Brazil", had the following objectives: a the characterization and distribution among typical human socio-economic groupings, of the prevalence of some particular habits which constitute aspects of life-style-the use of tobacco, the use of alcohol and sedentary activity; b the establishment of the interrelation between the above-mentioned habits and some lipemic disorders. The prevalence of the habits cited behaved in the following manner: the use of tobacco predominated among men, distributed uniformly throughout the social strata; among the women the average percentage of smokers was 18,9%, a significant difference occurring among the highest socio-economic class, where the average was of 40.2%. The sedentary style of life presented high prevalence, among both men and women with exception of the women of the highest socio-economic level and of the skilled working class. The use of alcohol, as one would expect, is a habit basically practised by the men, without any statistically significant differences between classes. For the purpose of establishing associations between these risk fictors and lipemic conditions four situations were chosen, of the following characteristics: 1- total cholesterol > or = 220 mg/dl and triglycerides > or = 150 mg/dl; 2- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl; 3- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl, and the following independent variables: age, use of tobacco and the interactions between obesity and smoking, age and sedentary lifestyle, sex and obesity (R2=22%; the standardized B coefficient showed that the variables with the greatest weight in the forecasting of the variation in the levels of cholesterol were smoking and the interaction between obesity and smoking. The hypercholesterolemia accompanied by triglycerides levels

  5. Maglev vehicles and superconductor technology: Integration of high-speed ground transportation into the air travel system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, L.R.; Rote, D.M.; Hull, J.R.; Coffey, H.T.; Daley, J.G.; Giese, R.F.

    1989-04-01

    This study was undertaken to (1) evaluate the potential contribution of high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs) to the technical and economic feasibility of magnetically levitated (maglev) vehicles, (2) determine the status of maglev transportation research in the United States and abroad, (3) identify the likelihood of a significant transportation market for high-speed maglev vehicles, and (4) provide a preliminary assessment of the potential energy and economic benefits of maglev systems. HTSCs should be considered as an enhancing, rather than an enabling, development for maglev transportation because they should improve reliability and reduce energy and maintenance costs. Superconducting maglev transportation technologies were developed in the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Federal support was withdrawn in 1975, but major maglev transportation programs were continued in Japan and West Germany, where full-scale prototypes now carry passengers at speeds of 250 mi/h in demonstration runs. Maglev systems are generally viewed as very-high-speed train systems, but this study shows that the potential market for maglev technology as a train system, e.g., from one downtown to another, is limited. Rather, aircraft and maglev vehicles should be seen as complementing rather than competing transportation systems. If maglev systems were integrated into major hub airport operations, they could become economical in many relatively high-density US corridors. Air traffic congestion and associated noise and pollutant emissions around airports would also be reduced. 68 refs., 26 figs., 16 tabs.

  6. Precautions for breast cancer-related lymphoedema: risk from air travel, ipsilateral arm blood pressure measurements, skin puncture, extreme temperatures, and cellulitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asdourian, Maria S; Skolny, Melissa N; Brunelle, Cheryl; Seward, Cara E; Salama, Laura; Taghian, Alphonse G

    2016-09-01

    Precautionary recommendations conveyed to survivors of cancer by health-care practitioners to reduce the risk of breast cancer-related lymphoedema are indispensable aspects of clinical care, yet remain unsubstantiated by high-level scientific evidence. By reviewing the literature, we identified 31 original research articles that examined whether lifestyle-associated risk factors (air travel, ipsilateral arm blood pressure measurements, skin puncture, extreme temperatures, and skin infections-eg, cellulitis) increase the risk of breast cancer-related lymphoedema. Among the few studies that lend support to precautionary guidelines, most provide low-level (levels 3-5) or inconclusive evidence of an association between lymphoedema and these risk factors, and only four level 2 studies show a significant association. Skin infections and previous infection or inflammation on the ipsilateral arm were among the most clearly defined and well established risk factors for lymphoedema. The paucity of high-level evidence and the conflicting nature of the existing literature make it difficult to establish definitive predictive factors for breast cancer-related lymphoedema, which could be a considerable source of patient distress and anxiety. Along with further research into these risk factors, continued discussion regarding modification of the guidelines and adoption of a risk-adjusted approach is needed. PMID:27599144

  7. [Adventure travel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Bernhard R

    2013-06-01

    Extreme travelling experiences appear to be a quite popular kick offered by tourist operators and sought by some travellers. But some travellers expose themselves to increased risk also during normal holidays, either voluntarily by booking hikes or tours leading them to adventurous locations or to unexpectedly encountering dangerous situations. In planned adventures, precise information in advance, good physical condition, careful planning, and profound medical preparation may contribute to a less hazardous adventure. Advising medical persons may need an expert consultation for specific topics in order to optimise the preparation. Based on three specific environmental situations (jungle, desert, and cave) the specific conditions, dangers and some medical aspects are outlined. PMID:23732454

  8. Obesity nutritional aspects and life style from a survey on a sample of primary school pupils in the Pavia province (Northern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Arpesella

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The increased risk of chronic diseases requires effective strategies to promote health, facilitating the adoption of proper life styles from childhood. In order to do that, the local health authority in Pavia has undertaken a pilot study with the aim of estimating the level of overweight and obese children in primary schools and of identifying the life styles that entail health risks.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a sample of 460 children in their last year of primary school in the Province of Pavia was performed. Pupils were classified by Body Mass Index, and a face-to-face questionnaire about children’s use of time was administered. A multiple logistic regression analysis has been applied in order to identify risks or preventive health factors linked to physical activity and eating habits.

    Results: 12.6% of the children were obese and 26.3% overweight, with the percentage of obesity nearly double in those who do not practice organized sports activities at least once a week, in those who don’t have breakfast in the morning and in those who don’t spend their free time in movement games. From a multiple logistic regression it results that the risk of being obese is twice and three times higher for the children living respectively in medium and small towns than for the ones living in large towns.

    Conclusions: In the Province of Pavia the prevalence of overweight and obese 10-year-old children exceed the data reported in recent studies all over Italy. The life styles that entail obesity risks are significantly linked both to eating habits and to physical activity: living in middle- and small sized towns and not having breakfast before going to school emerge as risk factors, while practicing movement games in the free time after school appears to be a protecting factor.

  9. 消化性溃疡患者不良生活方式的影响%Influence of bad life style on the patients with peptic ulcer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of bad life style on the patients with peptic ulcer.Methods:80 patients with peptic ulcer were selected.They were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group with 40 cases in each.The bad life styles of all patients were surveyed.The control group was given general health guidance.The observation group was given healthy lifestyle guidance,including reasonable diet guidance,abstinence,maintaining good state of mind and mood.Results:After treatment,the total effective rate of the observation group was 97.5%,after 6 to 18 months follow-up,the recurrence rate was 7.5%. In the control group,the total effective rate was 80.0%,the recurrence rate was 40.0%.The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Good life style can help digestion,it is beneficial to improve the patient's compliance, reduce the recurrence rate of peptic ulcer.%目的:探讨不良生活方式对消化性溃疡患者的影响.方法:收治消化性溃疡患者80例,随机分成观察组和对照组各40例,对所有患者进行不良生活方式进行调查,对照组进行一般的健康指导,观察组进行健康生活方式的指导,主要包括合理饮食指导、戒酒、保持良好的心态和心情.结果:经过治疗后观察组总有效率97.5%,经过6~18 个月得到随访,复发率 7.5%;对照组总有效率 80.0%,复发率 40.0%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:良好的生活方式可以帮助消化,有利于提高患者的依从性,降低消化性溃疡复发率.

  10. Travelers' Diarrhea

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Visiting Friends and Family in Areas with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika Travel to the Olympics Infographic: Olympic ... East, Africa, Mexico, and Central and South America. Prevention In otherwise healthy adults, diarrhea is rarely serious ...

  11. Travelling Concepts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Karen-Margrethe

    2013-01-01

    Review of "Travelling Concepts, Metaphors, and Narratives: Literary and Cultural Studies in an Age of Interdisciplinary Research" ed. by Sibylle Baumgarten, Beatrice Michaelis and Ansagar Nünning, Trier; Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2012......Review of "Travelling Concepts, Metaphors, and Narratives: Literary and Cultural Studies in an Age of Interdisciplinary Research" ed. by Sibylle Baumgarten, Beatrice Michaelis and Ansagar Nünning, Trier; Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier, 2012...

  12. [The development of mass physical culture and sports in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as a factor of formation of the healthy life style].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakorina, E P; Rudiakova, S E

    2011-01-01

    Provision of proper conditions for the creation of healthy life style is a priority of the state policy in this country with special attention given to the development of the mass physical culture and sports. The present paper contains information on the proportion of the population of the Russian Federation regularly engaged in physical culture and sports, provision of necessary sport facilities, and budgetary expenditures for the purpose in different constituent entities of the country. Public satisfaction with the conditions available for mass physical education and sports is discussed. Taking into account the low average life expectancy of the country's population and the increasing morbidity and traumaticity rates among the younger generation, it appears impossible to address the global challenge of improving the health of the nation without promotion of mass physical culture and sports and renewal of interest in these activities among the general population.

  13. 广告技术对当代生活方式的影响%The Impact of Advertising Technique on Modern Life Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈丽琴

    2011-01-01

    以媒体生活圈理论建构的广告传播技术系统,借助广告解码的零门槛技术、广告传播的多声部媒介,强化了对当代生活方式的影响,生成了当代生活方式的趋媒性特征。但作为一种社会控制、传播霸权的技术范式,广告技术又可能危害健康生活方式的建构。%It is found that advertising technique has both positive and negative impacts on human life. It is true that the technique leads to a media-oriented life style with the aid of free decoding and multi-media transmitting. However, advertising also unavoidab

  14. Related Research on Graduate Student Life Style and Mental Health%研究生生活方式与心理健康的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明明; 佘建华

    2012-01-01

    调查了解研究生生活方式现状以及与心理健康的关系,采用生活方式自评量表和自测心理健康评定量表,随机调查了114名研究生。研究表明,目前研究生的生活方式总体处于良好状态。从不同群体研究生生活方式特点看,存在性别差异,女研究生的生活方式总体上比男研究生好,尤其是在酒精和药物、饮食习惯、安全这3个维度上。不存在年级差异。研究生生活方式与心理健康水平呈正相关,即生活方式越健康的研究生,其心理健康水平越高。%Graduate student life style status and relation to mental health were investigated,and by the life way self-rating scale and self-testing mental health self-rating scale,114 graduate students were randomly investigated.The results indicate that the way of life of the graduate student overall was in good condition.Based on lifestyle characteristics from the different groups of graduate students,there are gender differences,the overall lifestyle of the female graduate students were better than male graduate students,especially in the three dimensions of alcohol and drugs,eating habits,safety.Grade difference did not exist.Graduate student life style and mental health levels were positively correlated,the healthier was the life way of the graduate student,the higher was the psychological health level.

  15. 白云机场可疑炭疽事件和对航空旅行的影响%Suspicious Anthrax Events and Its Affect to the Air Travel in the Baiyuan International Airport, Guangzhou, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡龙飞

    2002-01-01

    @@ Objective: The anthrax panic first occurred in the United States in Oct., 2001 was rapidly spread worldwide within a very short period. Like other international airport in the world, there were the same suspicious events occurred in the Baiyun International Airport, Guangzhou during the period.This paper aimed to discuss the factors affecting the air travel and the effective measures to lessen the panic in the related population when this kind of suspicious anthrax event occurred.

  16. Zero Energry Travel

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmad, Othman; Chekima, Ali

    2011-01-01

    It is fundamentally possible to travel with zero energy based on Newton Laws of Motion. According to the first law of motion, a body will continue to travel for infinite distance unless it is acted upon by another force. For a body in motion, the force which stops perpetual motion is friction. However, there are many circumstances that friction is zero, for example in space, where there is vacuum. On earth, gravity makes objects to be in constant contact with each other generating friction but technology exists to separate them in the air using powerful magnetic forces. At low speeds, the friction caused by air is minimal but we can create vacuum even on land for high speed travel. Another condition for travelling is for it to stop at its destination. On land, we can recover the kinetic energy back into electrical energy using brushless permanent magnet generators. These generators can also convert electric energy into kinetic energy in order to provide motion. This article reviews technologies that will allo...

  17. Travel Fever

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China to become the world’s No.1 tourist destination by 2015 May 19 is a special day in China’s history. On that day 400 years ago,Xu Xiake (1587-1641),wellknown geographer,traveler and explorer of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644),started a lifelong journey,leading to the publication of the monumental Xu Xiake’s Travel Notes,known for its detailed and accurate geographical information. The book also provided valuable insight into local customs and habits.

  18. Traveler's Diarrhea

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... You also can take a medicine called loperamide (brand name: Imodium). However, if you have bloody diarrhea, ... traveler’s diarrhea? Is traveler’s diarrhea common in the country I’m traveling to? If I get traveler’s ...

  19. 假希瓦格(筵)类生物生活方式探讨%A DISCUSSION ON THE LIFE STYLE OF PSEUDOSCHWAGERINA FUSULINID)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜世永; 史宇坤

    2012-01-01

    Pseudoschwagerina is a genus of fusulinid which lived in Late Carboniferous to Middle Permian. It is generally believed that the life style of fusulinids is benthic. Since the shape of Pseud oschivagerina is different from the other fusulinids lived in the same period; their life styles are identical or not? In order to solve this problem; we selected 9 samples from 8 species of Pseudoschwagerina in South China; counted the shell turns and measured axis specimen; and thickness of the shell and axis of every circle. Using the parameters; we calculated their gravity; buoyancy in the sea water. With the movement of ocean current; we analyzed the influence of upwclling current on the 9 specimens. The results show that the small axis ratio of the Pseudoschwagerina; the stronger impact of upwelling current. Thus; the life style of the Pseudoschwagerina may change from the benthic to planktonic with the increase of hydrodynamic energy. When the hydropower was weak; they were benthic; and when the hydropower was strong; they should be floating.%假希瓦格(筵)为生活在早二叠世浅海环境中的(筵)类生物,一般认为该时期(筵)类生物的生活方式为底栖.由于假希瓦格(筵)的形态与生活在同时期的其它(筵)类存在较大的差异,它们的生活方式是否相同?为探讨这一问题,本文选取了中国华南地区的假希瓦格(筵)8种9个样本进行了统计分析,统计了假希瓦格(筵)9个样本的壳圈数、长轴、短轴及每一壳圈的长轴、短轴和壳壁厚度,利用这些参数计算得到了(筵)的重力、海水中(筵)所受的浮力,结合海洋中水流的运动方式,分析了上升海流对9个样本影响,结果表明,轴率越小的(筵)越容易受上升海流的影响,从而改变其生活方式,结合假希瓦格(筵)的生活环境,初步认为假希瓦格(筵)的生活方式为水动力条件较弱时,其以底栖生活为主,当水动力条件较强时,其生活方式可能由底栖变为漂浮.

  20. Travel/Travelers and Parasitic Diseases

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Tropical Diseases Laboratory Diagnostic Assistance [DPDx] Parasites Home Travel/Travelers Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir International ... The Parasitic Illnesses That Can Be Acquired During Travel* Contaminated Food and Water More Common giardiasis cryptosporidiosis ...

  1. Post-harmonised European National Travel Surveys

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Linda; Sobrino Vázquez, Natalia

    Look-up tables are collected and analysed for 12 European National Travel Surveys (NTS) in a harmonized way covering the age group 13-84 year. Travel behaviour measured as kilometres, time use and trips per traveller is compared. Trips per traveller are very similar over the countries whereas...... of walking trips rather similar with a higher level of cycling in the Netherlands, more public transport in Switzerland, and more air traffic in Sweden. Normally kilometres per respondent / inhabitant is used for national planning purpose and this is very affected by the share of mobile travellers...

  2. Travel during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Management Education & Events Advocacy For Patients About ACOG Travel During Pregnancy Home For Patients Search FAQs Travel ... Travel During Pregnancy FAQ055, February 2016 PDF Format Travel During Pregnancy Pregnancy When is the best time ...

  3. Life-style factors associated with overweight and obesity among Spanish adults Estilos de vida asociados con sobrepeso y obesidad en adultos españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rodríguez-Martín

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the relationship between life styles and eating habits with the overweight and obesity prevalencein a Spanish adult population. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study conducted on 2640 subjects older than 15 years, in Cádiz (Spain. Surveys were conducted in subjects' homes to obtain life styles, eating habits, and anthropometric data. Logistic regression has been used to study the associationbetween the life style variables and overweight and obesity. Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Cadiz is 37% and 17%, respectively; higher in males and increases with age. BMI has an inverse relationship with educational level (PR = 2.3, 1.57-2.38. The highest levels of obesity are associated with daily alcohol consumption (PR = 1.39, 1.29-1.50, greater consumption of television,and sedentary pursuit (PR 1.5, 1.07-1.24. A lower prevalence of obesity is observed among those with active physical activity (10.9% vs 21.6%, with differences between sex. Following a slimming diet is more frequent in the obese and in women but dedicate more hours than men to passive activities. In men is greater the consumption of alcohol, high energy foods and snacks. Overweight and obesity is associated with the male sex (OR = 3.35 2.75-4.07, high consumption of alcohol (OR = 1.38 1.03-1.86 and watching television (OR = 1.52 1.11-2.07, and foods likes bread and cereals (OR = 1.47 1.13-1.91. Exercise activities is a protective factor (OR = 0.76 0.63-0.98. Conclusions: Life styles factors associated with overweight and obesity present different patterns in men and women and is necessary to understand them to identify areas for behavioural intervention in overweight and obesity patients.Objetivo: Valorar la relación existente entre estilos de vida y hábitos alimentarios con la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en una población adulta española. Método: Estudio transversal de base poblacional realizado en 2.640 adultos mayores de

  4. De Novo Assembly and Genome Analyses of the Marine-Derived Scopulariopsis brevicaulis Strain LF580 Unravels Life-Style Traits and Anticancerous Scopularide Biosynthetic Gene Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Abhishek; Henrissat, Bernard; Arvas, Mikko; Syed, Muhammad Fahad; Thieme, Nils; Benz, J. Philipp; Sørensen, Jens Laurids; Record, Eric; Pöggeler, Stefanie; Kempken, Frank

    2015-01-01

    The marine-derived Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strain LF580 produces scopularides A and B, which have anticancerous properties. We carried out genome sequencing using three next-generation DNA sequencing methods. De novo hybrid assembly yielded 621 scaffolds with a total size of 32.2 Mb and 16298 putative gene models. We identified a large non-ribosomal peptide synthetase gene (nrps1) and supporting pks2 gene in the same biosynthetic gene cluster. This cluster and the genes within the cluster are functionally active as confirmed by RNA-Seq. Characterization of carbohydrate-active enzymes and major facilitator superfamily (MFS)-type transporters lead to postulate S. brevicaulis originated from a soil fungus, which came into contact with the marine sponge Tethya aurantium. This marine sponge seems to provide shelter to this fungus and micro-environment suitable for its survival in the ocean. This study also builds the platform for further investigations of the role of life-style and secondary metabolites from S. brevicaulis. PMID:26505484

  5. A STUDY OF RISK FACTOR SCORE OF LIFE-STYLE DISEASES AMONG THE STAFF OF A PRIVATE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF JAIPUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjali

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: With the changing lifestyles and dietary habits, the health of the world is now dominated by non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. These are commonly linked to risk factors associated with the life style of an individual like tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, obesity, high blood pressure. These diseases can be modified by just adopting healthy lifestyle habits. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors score (tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity, BMI, blood pressure, etc. of non-communicable diseases in the staff of a private medical college of Jaipur. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A private medical college of Jaipur district. Sample Population: Staff members including all the doctors, nurses, laboratory technicians and class three workers were interviewed using the pre-designed schedule. DURATION OF STUDY: 2 months (July – September, 2010. RESULTS: Of all the risk factors the maximum (i.e. 37 respondents (20.5% had 4 risk factors. In the 40-49 yrs age group majority of respondents (i.e. 18 and 18 had the risk factor score of 4 and 5, in 50-59 years, majority (i.e. 12 respondents had 4 and in ≥60 yrs majority (i.e. 8 respondents had 7 risk factors.

  6. impact of life style on body Weight in adolescents on the basis of questionnaire findings in selected group of youth from rural and urban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Ścibor

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Overweight and primary obesity in children and adolescents is a crucial problem in public health. Obese children and adolescents are especially susceptible to obesity in adulthood and consequently exposed to many obesity related diseases. Objective: Evaluation of overweight and primary obesity in urban and rural youth populations and comparison of life style concerning: physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary habits among overweight and obese adolescents and their peers with proper Body Mass Index value. Materials and methods: The study was performed in the group of 136 students from junior high school. The students with BMI value over 85th percentile of sex-specific growth charts were classified as overweight. Research tool was a questionnaire. Results: 15,9% of adolescents were overweight, out of which 4,5% were obese. There was not a significant relation between Body Mass Index and the place of residence. Overweight and obese adolescents revealed lower physical activity and tendency to spend much more time playing computer games. Adolescents with overweight or obesity did not regularly have breakfast at weekends, more often had sweets and sweet drinks and also high energy and very salty snacks instead. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is a serious problem among students from junior high school population which calls for taking immediate preventive measures to promote healthy lifestyle among children and adolescents.

  7. Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori in dyspeptic patients and its relationship with HIV infection, ABO blood groups and life style in a university hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feleke Moges; Afework Kassu; Getahun Mengistu; Solomon Adugna; Berhanu Andualem; Takeshi Nishikawa; Fusao Ota

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) among dyspeptic patients and to assess the relationship between H pylori infection, blood group, HIV infection and life style of the patients.METHODS: In a hospital-based cross-sectional study,patients attending Outpatient Department of University of Gondar Hospital were enrolled. Socio-demographic information was collected using questionnaires. Serum was analyzed for anti-H pylori IgG antibodies using a commercial kit. HIV serostatus was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Blood grouping was performed by slide agglutination tests.RESULTS: A total of 215 dyspeptic patients were included in the study. One hundred and sixteen patients (54%) were females and 99 (46%) were males. Anti-H pylori IgG antibodies were detected in sera of 184 (85.6%) patients. The prevalence was significantly higher in patients aged 50 years and above. Twenty point five percent of the patients were found to be seropositive for HIV. No significant association was found between sex,ABO blood groups, consumption of spicy diets, socioeconomic status and seropositivity for H pylori. However,alcohol consumption was significantly associated with H pylori serology.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of H pylori infection is associated with a history of alcohol intake and older age.The effect of different diet, alcohol and socioeconomic status as risk factors for H pylori infection needs further study.

  8. Investigation on the Life Style of College Students Due to yin Deficiency%阴虚质大学生生活方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪凯; 张国艳

    2016-01-01

    运用问卷调查法,对阴虚质大学生生活方式进行调查:阴虚质大学生睡眠时间比较少,睡眠质不佳,饮食不规律、运动量偏少,精神压力较大;不同性别阴虚质大学生在吸烟支数方面具有明显差异。依据阴虚质大学生生活方式调查提出建议:从大学生中医体质出发,倡导文明的生活方式,改善自己的不良生活行为。%By using the method of questionnaire investigation, yin deficiency of the life style of college students were in-vestigated: Yin deficiency students sleep time is relatively small, poor sleep quality, too few irregular diet, exercise, stress larger; different gender Yin deficiency of college students in smoking count mask have obvious difference. According to the lifestyle of college students quality survey suggested:starting from the deficiency of college students of Chinese constitution, advocate a civilized way of life, improve their life behavior.

  9. A unique measles B3 cluster in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands linked to air travel and transit at a large international airport, February to April 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nic Lochlainn, Laura; Mandal, Sema; de Sousa, Rita; Paranthaman, Karthik; van Binnendijk, Rob; Ramsay, Mary; Hahné, Susan; Brown, Kevin E

    2016-01-01

    This report describes a joint measles outbreak investigation between public health officials in the United Kingdom (UK) and the Netherlands following detection of a measles cluster with a unique measles virus strain. From 1 February to 30 April 2014, 33 measles cases with a unique measles virus strain of genotype B3 were detected in the UK and the Netherlands, of which nine secondary cases were epidemiologically linked to an infectious measles case travelling from the Philippines. Through a combination of epidemiological investigation and sequence analysis, we found that measles transmission occurred in flight, airport and household settings. The secondary measles cases included airport workers, passengers in transit at the same airport or travelling on the same flight as the infectious case and also household contacts. This investigation highlighted the particular importance of measles genotyping in identifying transmission networks and the need to improve vaccination, public health follow-up and management of travellers and airport staff exposed to measles. PMID:27074646

  10. 生活方式指数及脂肪肝指数与银屑病的相关性研究%Study on correlation of life style index and fatty liver index with psoriatic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫; 曹华; 王哲; 陈淑慧; 陈淑明

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence of life style index and fatty liver index( FLI) of psoriatic patients on the development of this skin disease. Methods Totally 150 cases of psoriatic patients and 80 healthy volunteers (control group) were included in this research. Life style of the population was investigated. Further, the level of body mass index( BMI) , triglyceride, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase and abdominal circumference were evaluated. Finally,life style index and fatty liver index were calculated and analyzed. Results Compared with control group,life style index and fatty liver index of psoriatic patients elevated significantly(P<0. 05). Besides,life style index(P = 0. 009)and fatty liver index(P = 0. 000) were associated with the development of psoriasis independently. The regression coefficient were 0. 53 and 0. 03 individually. Conclusions Inappropriate life style and fatty liver may be risk factors for the development of psoriasis.%目的 探讨银屑病患者生活方式及脂肪肝情况在银屑病发病中的作用.方法 对150例银屑病患者(银屑病组)及同期80例健康体检者(对照组)进行生活方式调查及体质量指数、甘油三酯、谷氨酰转肽酶(gamma glutamyl transpeptidase,GGT)和腹围的测定,计算其生活方式指数及脂肪肝指数(fatty liver index,FLI)并进行分析.结果 与正常健康体检者比较,银屑病患者生活方式指数及FLI明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);生活方式指数(P=0.009)及FLI(P=0.000)与银屑病发病独立相关,其回归系数分别为0.53及0.03.结论 不良生活方式及脂肪肝可能是银屑病发病的危险因素.

  11. Easy Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Francois; Essomba

    2011-01-01

    A common visa for six Central African countries boosts tourism FOR a region that is made up of six countries, the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa(CEMAC) has less than 2 million annual cross border arrivals according to official statistics. Cameroon,the Republic of the Congo, Gabon,Equatorial Guinea,Central African Republic(CAR) and Chad make up this group,whose regional travel statistics are extremely low by international standards.Cameroon received only 580,000 visitors in 2010.

  12. Travel Time Variability and Airport Accessibility

    OpenAIRE

    Koster, P.R.; Kroes, E.P.; Verhoef, E.T.

    2010-01-01

    This discussion paper resulted in a publication in Transportation Research Part B: Methodological (2011). Vol. 45(10), pages 1545-1559. This paper analyses the cost of access travel time variability for air travelers. Reliable access to airports is important since it is likely that the cost of missing a flight is high. First, the determinants of the preferred arrival times at airports are analyzed, including trip purpose, type of airport, flight characteristics, travel experience, type of che...

  13. Life style and health-related behaviors among rural residents%农村居民生活方式及健康行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡月; 陈福宽; 龚磊; 孙大勤; 董昀球; 王萱萱; 康琦; 陈家应

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate diet behavior and physical exercise for the promotion of healthy life style among rural residents.Methods Multistage stratified random sampling method was used to select 900 families in Gaoyou city of Jiangsu province.The family members over t5 years old were inquired with a self-made questionnaire about life style and diet behavior.Results The smoking rates in the males and females were 54.6% and 2.1% and the alcohol drinking rates in the males and females were 44.6% and 1.2%,respectively.The smoking rate and drinking rate in the males were significantly higher than those in the females(x2 =983.389,x2 =717.835,P <0.001 for all).The percentage of people having heavy salt diet frequently or sometimes was 62.4% ;the percentage of people eating fried,baked and pickled food frequently or sometimes was 50.6% and 32.5% of the residents had no physical exercise.There were significant differences in the prevalence of chronic illness and self-rated health among the residents with different level of physical exercise (x2 = 34.768,x2 = 114.091,P < 0.001).Conclusion Male residents in rural areas of Gaoyou city of Jiangsu province have a higher smoking rate and smoking more frequently than female residents.Rural residents should change their eating habits,enhance their awareness of physical exercise,and promote healthy lifestyle.%目的 了解农村居民饮食、锻炼等生活习惯,引导居民健康正确的生活行为方式.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,通过自行设计的生活方式及行为调查表对江苏省高邮市抽取的900个样本户中>15岁的2 456名农村居民进行问卷调查.结果 男性吸烟率为54.6%,女性吸烟率为2.1%,男性饮酒率为44.6%,女性饮酒率为1.2%,男性吸烟率、饮酒率均高于女性(x2= 983.389、717.835,P<0.001);经常和有时吃过咸食物的居民分别占13.8%和48.6%,经常和有时吃油炸、熏烤、

  14. Preventive effect of nutrition and life style against psoriasis%营养与生活习惯对银屑病的预防作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾超; 陈敏; 崔盘根

    2013-01-01

    Psoriasis is associated with genetic and environmental factors,but the etiology of psoriasis has not been clarified completely.Recently,the relationship of nutrition and life style with psoriasis has attracted more and more attention,and it has been found that many nutrients such as vitamin A,vitamin B,gluten and selenium,as well as life habits such as smoking,drinking and exercise,can inhibit or trigger the development of psoriasis,and some foods which have been traditionally considered to be beneficial or harmful appear to be unrelated to psoriasis.Also,many more controversies and new questions have been presented.This contribution reviews new findings and lists controversial issues in this field,in order to provide reference for clinical practice and further research.%银屑病与遗传、环境因素均有关,但病因尚有未知之处.近年来,人们开始关注营养、生活习惯与银屑病的关系,发现有很多营养元素,如维生素A、B、谷胶、硒等和生活习惯(吸烟、饮酒、运动等)对银屑病的发病有抑制或激发作用,但有些常识中认为有益或有害的食物被证明与银屑病无关.概述此领域的研究成果以及有争议的问题,为临床和进一步研究提供参考.

  15. General practitioners' knowledge and practice of complementary/alternative medicine and its relationship with life-styles: a population-based survey in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Frè Monica

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The growing popularity of CAM among the public is coupled with an ongoing debate on its effectiveness, safety, and its implications on the reimbursement system. This issue is critically important for GPs, who have a "gatekeeping" role with respect to health care expenditure. GPs must be aware of medications' uses, limitations and possible adverse effects. Our objective was to explore GPs' knowledge of CAM and patterns of recommendation and practice, as well as the relationship between such patterns and GPs' life-styles. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tuscany, a region of central Italy. One hundred percent female GPs (498 and a 60% random sample of male GPs (1310 practising in the region were contacted through a self-administered postal questionnaire followed by a postal reminder and telephone interview. Results Overall response rate was 82.1%. Most respondents (58% recommended CAM but a far smaller fraction (13% practised it; yet 36% of CAM practitioners had no certificated training. Being female, younger age, practising in larger communities, having had some training in CAM as well as following a vegetarian or macrobiotic diet and doing physical activity were independent predictors of CAM recommendation and practice. However, 42% of GPs did not recommend CAM to patients mostly because of the insufficient evidence of its effectiveness. Conclusion CAM knowledge among GPs is not as widespread as the public demand seems to require, and the scarce evidence of CAM effectiveness hinders its professional use among a considerable number of GPs. Sound research on CAM effectiveness is needed to guide physicians' behaviour, to safeguard patients' safety, and to assist policy-makers in planning regulations for CAM usage.

  16. Travel insurance and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leggat, P A; Carne, J; Kedjarune, U

    1999-12-01

    Travel insurance normally underwrites travel, medical, and dental expenses incurred by travelers abroad and arranges aeromedical evacuation of travelers under conditions specified by the travel insurance policy. Because of the costs of medical and dental treatment abroad and the high cost associated with aeromedical evacuation, all travelers should be advised of the need for comprehensive travel insurance and be advised to read their policies carefully to see what is covered and to check for any exclusions. In particular, those travelers who have known preexisting conditions, who are working overseas, or who are going to undertake any form of hazardous recreational pursuit may need to obtain a special travel insurance policy, which may attract a higher premium. Conservatively, it is estimated that between 30-50% of travelers become ill or injured whilst traveling. Relative estimated monthly incidence rates of various health problems have been compiled elsewhere. The risk of severe injury is thought to be greater for people when traveling abroad. These risks should be covered by travel insurance to protect the traveler, however it is not known what proportion of travel agents or airlines give advice routinely on travel insurance. Travel insurance is the most important safety net for travelers in the event of misadventure, and should be reinforced by travel health advisers. Although only 4% of general practitioners (GPs) in a late 1980's study in the United Kingdom would advise a traveler going to Turkey about travel insurance,4 more recent studies have shown about 60% of GPs in New Zealand and 39% of travel clinics worldwide usually advised travelers concerning travel insurance. In addition, 54% of GPs in New Zealand usually also advised travelers about finding medical assistance abroad, but only 19% of GPs recommended travel insurance companies as a source of medical assistance while traveling. PMID:10575173

  17. 电子商务对中国航空旅游分销渠道的影响——从供应商和中间商认知的角度分析%The impact of electronic commerce on air travel distribution channels of China --Analysis from the perspective of the provider and agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯郑凭

    2011-01-01

    通过焦点访谈重点调查了来自国内7家航空旅游供应商和中间商,并从其高管人员认知的角度分析了电子商务对我国航空旅游分销渠道的影响。作为旅游分销体系中的一个重要渠道,虽然电子商务对我国航空旅游分销渠道存在显著的影响作用,但对不同的航空旅游分销渠道及产品,其影响效果具有差异性。由于该差异性的存在,在构建有效的航空旅游分销系统上必须区别电子商务对不同航空旅游分销渠道和产品的影响作用。%By means of topics in focus, we investigate emphatically six air travel service providers and intermediaries of China and examine the perceptions of the senior managements of the above firms. The impact of electronic commerce ( EC ) on China' s air travel distribution channels has been analyzed. As an important channel of travel distribution system, the impact of EC on China' s air travel distribution channels is quite evident. However, the functions of EC on different distribution members and products within China' s air travel distribution channels are even various. Because of these different effects, it is essential to construct an effective air travel distribution system to distinguish different impacts and functions of EC on different air travel distribution channels and their products.

  18. Air

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... house) Industrial emissions (like smoke and chemicals from factories) Household cleaners (spray cleaners, air fresheners) Car emissions (like carbon monoxide) *All of these things make up “particle pollution.” They mostly come from cars, trucks, buses, and ...

  19. Air

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years several regulations and standards for air quality and limits for air pollution were issued or are in preparation by the European Union, which have severe influence on the environmental monitoring and legislation in Austria. This chapter of the environmental control report of Austria gives an overview about the legal situation of air pollution control in the European Union and in specific the legal situation in Austria. It gives a comprehensive inventory of air pollution measurements for the whole area of Austria of total suspended particulates, ozone, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, heavy metals, benzene, dioxin, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and eutrophication. For each of these pollutants the measured emission values throughout Austria are given in tables and geographical charts, the environmental impact is discussed, statistical data and time series of the emission sources are given and legal regulations and measures for an effective environmental pollution control are discussed. In particular the impact of fossil-fuel power plants on the air pollution is analyzed. (a.n.)

  20. Reviews Book: At Home: A Short History of Private Life Book: The Story of Mathematics Book: Time Travel: A Writer's Guide to the Real Science of Plausible Time Travel Equipment: Rotational Inertial Wands DVD: Planets Book: The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning Equipment: Scale with Dial Equipment: Infrared Thermometers Book: 300 Science and History Projects Book: The Nature of Light and Colour in the Open Air Equipment: Red Tide Spectrometer Web Watch

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    WE RECOMMEND The Story of Mathematics Book shows the link between maths and physics Time Travel: A Writer's Guide to the Real Science of Plausible Time Travel Book explains how to write good time-travelling science fiction Rotational Inertial Wands Wands can help explore the theory of inertia Infrared Thermometers Kit measures temperature differences Red Tide Spectrometer Spectrometer gives colour spectra WORTH A LOOK At Home: A Short History of Private Life Bryson explores the history of home life The Fallacy of Fine-Tuning Book wades into the science/religion debate Scale with Dial Cheap scales can be turned into Newton measuring scales 300 Science History Projects Fun science projects for kids to enjoy The Nature of Light and Colour in the Open Air Text looks at fascinating optical effects HANDLE WITH CARE Planets DVD takes a trip through the solar system WEB WATCH Websites offer representations of nuclear chain reactions

  1. 海淀区中小学校负责人生活方式现状%Life styles among principals in Haidian District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫光; 孙鹏; 尹丽君; 郭景玉; 吕书群; 甘丽平; 邬盛鑫

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解北京市海淀区中小学校负责人的生活方式现状,为维护其健康提供科学依据.方法 使用自编问卷,对海淀区27所中学66所小学的校长、书记进行匿名调查.结果 中小学负责人每天吃三餐的占79.2%,饮食搭配合理的占43.3%;男性有38.5%属于过度吸烟者;每次饮白酒100 mL以上的占58.7%;每天睡眠时间在6~8h的占89.9%,睡眠质量基本满意占79.0%;没有锻炼习惯的占26.8%,能达到体育人口标准的为8.2%.结论 海淀区中小学负责人在合理膳食、适量运动、戒烟限酒等方面还有很大差距,需引起足够重视.%Objective To know about the present situation of life style of 101 principals in primary schools and middle schools, and to provide scientific evidence for early prevention and intervention. Methods By using a self-designed questionnaire, principals or secretaries of 27 middle schools and 66 primary schools were questionnaire^ anonymously. Results The proportions of eating three meals every day accounted for 79. 2% , reasonable diets accounted for 43.3% ; 38.5% of men were excessive smokers; 58.7% drinking liqueur more than 100mL; About 89.9% of them sleeping 6-8 hours everyday, and 79.0% of them were satisfied with sleeping quality; 26.8% of them did not have the habit of physical exercises, and sports population only accounted for 8.2%. Conclusion It is necessary to pay more attention to reasonable diet, regular activities, no smoking and limited amount of liquor among principals of primary and middle schools in Haidian District.

  2. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salinero, Kennan Kellaris; Keller, Keith; Feil, William S.; Feil, Helene; Trong, Stephan; Di Bartolo, Genevieve; Lapidus, Alla

    2008-11-17

    Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized 'central' enzymes involved in anaerobic aromatic degradation proved to be false, suggesting the presence of novel anaerobic aromatic degradation pathways in this species. These missing pathways include the benzyl succinyl synthase (bssABC) genes (responsible for formate addition to toluene) and the central benzoylCoA pathway for monoaromatics. In depth analyses using existing TIGRfam, COG, and InterPro models, and the creation of de novo HMM models, indicate a highly complex lifestyle with a large number of environmental sensors and signaling pathways, including a relatively large number of GGDEF domain signal receptors and multiple quorum sensors. A number of proteins indicate interactions with an as yet unknown host, as indicated by the presence of predicted cell host remodeling enzymes, effector enzymes, hemolysin-like proteins, adhesins, NO reductase, and both type III and type VI secretory complexes. Evidence of biofilm formation including a proposed exopolysaccharide complex with the somewhat rare exosortase (epsH), is also present. Annotation described in this paper also reveals evidence for several metabolic pathways that have yet to be observed experimentally, including a sulphur oxidation (soxFCDYZAXB) gene cluster, Calvin cycle enzymes, and nitrogen fixation (including RubisCo, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase, and nif gene families, respectively). Analysis of the D. aromatica genome indicates there is much to be learned regarding the metabolic capabilities, and life-style, for this microbial

  3. Phytoseiid mites on unsprayed apple trees in Oregon, and other western states (USA): distributions, life-style types and relevance to commercial orchards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, B A; Luh, H K

    2004-01-01

    a few sites in these four states. Distributional and independent variable data were used to predict species presence at sites in Oregon with a 70% success rate. We discuss phytoseiid life-style types, community dynamics, presence in organic/conventional orchards, and trends as more selective IPM methods are used in apple orchards. PMID:15560525

  4. Emporiatrics: The Travellers Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Sushma, R; Nagabhushana, D

    2012-01-01

    Travel broadens the mind" and people have been extolling the merits of travel for a very long time .The general belief is that travel is good for travelers mentally and physically. But while travel can indeed be interesting and exciting, and good for mental and physical wellbeing, all too often it can be harmful to a traveler's health (1) .The increase in numbers of travellers and the speed at which they travel has not only had economic, cultural, and social repercussions, but medical, e...

  5. Observational Study of Travelers' Diarrhea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meuris

    1995-03-01

    Background: European air travelers returning from Algeria, Egypt, Mexico, Morocco, and Tunisia were interviewed about their experience of travelers' diseases upon arrival in Brussels. Diarrhea was mentioned by 37% of the adults and 27% of the children. These subjects were questioned about the types of measures taken, type and duration of drug treatment (if any), and about duration of diarrhea and side effects experienced. Methods: Final analysis was performed based on 2160 interviews. The largest proportion of diarrhea was reported in the age group 15-24 years (46%). Results: The majority of the 2160 subjects had opted for drug treatment (81%): 927 subjects for loperamide alone, 235 for loperamide in combination with nifuroxazide, and 178 for nifuroxazide alone. Other drugs had been used less frequently. The median time to recovery was 2.4 days with loperamide compared to 3.2 days with nifuroxazide and to 3.4 days for the no-treatment group. Conclusions: A stratification of the results by severity of the diarrhea suggests a rank of antidiarrheal potency as follows: loperamide > nifuroxazide > no-drug treatment. The side effect with the highest incidence was constipation (2.4% with loperamide). (J Travel Med 2:11-15, 1995) Travelers' diarrhea is usually defined as the passage of at least three unformed stools per day or any number of such stools when accompanied by fever, abdominal cramping, or vomiting. The definition may be broadened to include more trivial bowel disturbance.1,2 The duration of this self-limited disease generally is 3 to 5 days. Medical intervention aims at shortening the duration of disease, thus allowing the sufferer to resume his or her usual activities at an early stage. A shortened period of recovery to physical well-being has obvious favorable economic implications if the traveler is on business and may help the maintenance of a desired level of quality of life while a traveler is on holiday. An observational study of various medical

  6. Observational Study of Travelers' Diarrhea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meuris

    1995-03-01

    Background: European air travelers returning from Algeria, Egypt, Mexico, Morocco, and Tunisia were interviewed about their experience of travelers' diseases upon arrival in Brussels. Diarrhea was mentioned by 37% of the adults and 27% of the children. These subjects were questioned about the types of measures taken, type and duration of drug treatment (if any), and about duration of diarrhea and side effects experienced. Methods: Final analysis was performed based on 2160 interviews. The largest proportion of diarrhea was reported in the age group 15-24 years (46%). Results: The majority of the 2160 subjects had opted for drug treatment (81%): 927 subjects for loperamide alone, 235 for loperamide in combination with nifuroxazide, and 178 for nifuroxazide alone. Other drugs had been used less frequently. The median time to recovery was 2.4 days with loperamide compared to 3.2 days with nifuroxazide and to 3.4 days for the no-treatment group. Conclusions: A stratification of the results by severity of the diarrhea suggests a rank of antidiarrheal potency as follows: loperamide > nifuroxazide > no-drug treatment. The side effect with the highest incidence was constipation (2.4% with loperamide). (J Travel Med 2:11-15, 1995) Travelers' diarrhea is usually defined as the passage of at least three unformed stools per day or any number of such stools when accompanied by fever, abdominal cramping, or vomiting. The definition may be broadened to include more trivial bowel disturbance.1,2 The duration of this self-limited disease generally is 3 to 5 days. Medical intervention aims at shortening the duration of disease, thus allowing the sufferer to resume his or her usual activities at an early stage. A shortened period of recovery to physical well-being has obvious favorable economic implications if the traveler is on business and may help the maintenance of a desired level of quality of life while a traveler is on holiday. An observational study of various medical

  7. An annual time use model for domestic vacation travel

    OpenAIRE

    LaMondia, Jeffrey; Chandra R. Bhat; Hensher, David A

    2008-01-01

    Vacation travel in the USA, which constitutes about 25% of all long-distance travel, has been increasing consistently over the past two decades and warrants careful attention in the context of regional and statewide transportation air quality planning and policy analysis, as well as tourism marketing and service provision strategies. This paper contributes to the vacation travel literature by examining how households decide what vacation travel activities to participate in on an annual basis,...

  8. Childhood and Travel Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espey, David

    If children are not present in most travel literature--precisely because the genre has most typically been the domain of solitary male travelers who are escaping domestic obligation, routine, the familiar, and the family--they nevertheless are an integral part of the genre. The traveler is in many ways a child, an innocent abroad. Traveler writers…

  9. 跨国公司在华青年员工生活方式及其影响因素研究%Study on Life Style and its Factors of Youth Staff with Multi-national Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡喜青; 王铁山; 胡啸兵

    2011-01-01

    Youth staff of multi-national companies is one of group growing increasingly influential in China these years.Guided by the theory of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs,the paper firstly clarifies the life style of youth staff with multi-national companies;and then based on the questionnaire and interview analysis,the main factors influencing the life style is concluded as educational backgrounds,working environment,communication media,enterprise culture and traditional principles,which can serve as a good reference in guiding this group to establish a healthy life style.%跨国公司在华青年员工是近年来社会影响力与日俱增的一个重要群体。在总结以往调查研究成果的基础上,基于Maslow的需求层次理论对该群体生活方式及其影响因素进行了理论分析,同时以驻西安的跨国公司青年员工为对象进行了调查和实证分析。研究结论认为跨国公司青年员工生活方式主要受自我价值实现需求、尊重需求以及社会需求等因素驱动而形成,其具体影响因素包括教育经历、工作环境、交际手段、企业文化以及传统观念等。这为制定跨国公司青年员工政策和引导他们形成健康生活方式提供了参考。

  10. Travel-related illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegler, Carol C

    2013-06-01

    Travel abroad for business and pleasure should be safe and meaningful for the traveler. To assure that safe experience, certain processes should be considered before travel. A thorough pretravel health assessment will offer patients and health care providers valuable information for anticipatory guidance before travel. The destination-based risk assessment will help determine the risks involved in travel to specific locations and guide in the development of contingency plans for all travelers, especially those with chronic conditions. Diseases are more prevalent overseas, and immunizations and vaccinations are all important considerations for persons traveling abroad. PMID:23692948

  11. 正常高值血压青年人群生活方式干预效果评价%Results of Life Style Intervention in Young Group of High-normal Blood Pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨久亮

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价正常高值血压青年人群生活方式的干预效果。方法:纳入2010年10月-2012年10月正常高值血压青年人群120例。将其随机分为干预组与对照组,各60例。对照组不进行任何干预,干预组进行2年的生活方式干预,对实施前后血压、血脂、体重指数、高血压认知度进行对比。结果:通过2年生活方式干预后,干预组血压、体重下降明显,高血压认知率明显提高,与对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对正常高值血压人群实施生活方式干预,可有效降低血压及高血压危险因素。%Objective:To review the results of life style intervention in young people group of high-normal blood pressure. Method:The young people with high-normal blood pressure were selected from October 2010 to October 2012,and then randomly divided into intervention group(n=60) and control group(n=60). The control group without any intervention,the intervention group was given life style intervention.The changes of blood pressure,blood fat,body mass index (BMI) and disease cognition were compared before and after the intervention.Result:In intervention group,blood pressure and BMI decreased significantly and disease cognition increased significantly through life style intervention for 2 years.There was significant difference compared with control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The life style intervention in young people group of high-normal blood pressure can effectively reduce blood pressure and risk factors of hypertension.

  12. Characterisation of two quorum sensing systems in the endophytic Serratia plymuthica strain G3: differential control of motility and biofilm formation according to life-style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Jun

    2011-02-01

    for both strains is AHL-independent. In addition, QS in G3 positively regulated antifungal activity, production of exoenzymes, but negatively regulated production of indol-3-acetic acid (IAA, which is in agreement with previous reports in strain HRO-C48. However, in contrast to HRO-C48, swimming motility was not controlled by AHL-mediated QS. Conclusions This is the first report of the characterisation of two AHL-based quorum sensing systems in the same isolate of the genus Serratia. Our results show that the QS network is involved in the global regulation of biocontrol-related traits in the endophytic strain G3. However, although free-living and endophytic S. plymuthica share some conservation on QS phenotypic regulation, the control of motility and biofilm formation seems to be strain-specific and possible linked to the life-style of this organism.

  13. Emporiatrics: The Travellers Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Sushma

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Travel broadens the mind" and people have been extolling the merits of travel for a very long time .The general belief is that travel is good for travelers mentally and physically. But while travel can indeed be interesting and exciting, and good for mental and physical wellbeing, all too often it can be harmful to a traveler's health (1 .The increase in numbers of travellers and the speed at which they travel has not only had economic, cultural, and social repercussions, but medical, epidemiological, and medico-legal consequences as well. Travel medicine or Emporiatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and management of health problems of international travelers (2. The art of travel medicine is selecting the necessary prevention strategy without unnecessary adverse events, cost or inconvenience" (3. Travel health advice is primarily aimed at prevention, and is therefore offered before travel. It includes steps taken before travel like Medical examinations and screening, Psychological preparation, Provision of a medical kit, First aid training, Preventive measures for prevention of thermal injury, Insure and plan for aeromedical evacuation and repatriation, Advice regarding accidents and related hazards, Special provisions for specific travel hazards and Protection against tropical diseases. There is also an aspect of travel health which is provided after return from travel, which is usually diagnostic (4,5. Giving adequate advice on travel health requires a good knowledge about local health hazards overseas, public health measures, and the effectiveness of immunization and prophylaxis. In summary, travel medicine will be established as an interdisciplinary special discipline in the next years and will be characterized by new risks and on the other hand by new methods of therapy and prophylaxis.

  14. Investigation and analysis of the life style and psychological status among acne patients%痤疮患者生活方式及心理状态的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晖; 王艳红; 彭冲

    2012-01-01

    To describe the status of the life style and psychology among acne patients Methods Life Style Scales and Cardiff's Scales were administered to assess 216 out-patients in department. Results The 63.9% patients had the habit of Staying up too late, the 63.9% patients were above average level of mental disorder. Conclusion Most acne patients' way of life was ill health, and mental health status was poor. The effective intervention is very necessary to acne patients%目的:探讨痤疮患者的日常生活方式情况及其心理状态.方法:选择2010年10月~2012年2月在郑州市某三级甲等医院门诊就诊的216例痤疮患者,采用生活方式问卷和Cardiff痤疮患者心理评估量表进行调查.结果:63.9%患者有熬夜的习惯,54.6%患者经常吃辛辣刺激性食物;64.8%的患者有中度以上的心理障碍.结论:多数痤疮患者生活方式不健康,且心理健康状态较差,相应的健康指导干预非常必要.

  15. On traditional physical education based on college students' unhealthy life style%民族传统体育教育的再探讨——基于大学生不良生活方式的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽丽

    2012-01-01

    针对当前大学生存在诸多不良生活方式,从民族传统体育教育中寻求解决方案,把大学生接受民族传统体育教育的时间分为准备阶段、行动阶段、维持阶段,科学地安排每个阶段的目的、任务和方法,从而系统地培养学生科学健康的生活方式。%Considering the unhealthy life style of the college students,we attempt to reform the traditional teaching method of physical education.The process the college students are physically educated can be divided into three stages:preparatory stage,action stage and sustaining stage.We should work out different aims,tasks and teaching methods for different stages so as to guide the college students with a healthy life style.

  16. 生活方式与乳腺癌发病相关性的研究进展%Research advances of relationship between breast cancer and life style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马骏; 傅继华

    2012-01-01

    目的:总结生活方式对乳腺癌发病影响的研究进展.方法:以“乳腺癌,乳腺肿瘤,危险因素”等为关键词,检索检索CHKD期刊全文数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)和Medline 2001-2011年发表的文章,纳入标准:1)乳腺癌发病风险和易感因素的研究;2)易感因素中关于生活方式的研究.剔除标准:1)综述类文献;2)研究资料缺失或者文献质量较差.根据纳入和剔除标准,共纳入分析31篇文献,均为英文文献.结果:生活方式中饮食、吸烟和饮酒均对乳腺癌的发病有影响,但由于各项研究的偏倚,各因素与乳腺癌发病的确切关系尚不明确.饮食因素中植物雌激素的摄入是目前的研究热点,但目前研究都集中在动物实验和流行病学研究阶段,尚需大样本的、前瞻性的随机试验来评估植物雌激素对乳腺癌发病的影响.结论:乳腺癌的发生是一个多因素共同作用的过程,其中生活方式是与患者关系最密切,而且最容易被干预的因素之一,良好的生活方式将有助于乳腺癌的预防.%OBJECTIVE: To detect the relationship between breast cancer and life style. METHODS: With breast neoplasms and risk factors as key words, papers published from 2001 - 2011 in the data base of CHKD, CBM and Med-line were searched. Inclusion criteria; research about breast cancer risk factors, life style in risk factors. Detection criteria: literature review; papers with poor quality. According to the criteria, totally 31 English papers were analyzed. RESULTS- In the factors of life style, food, smoking and drinking are the mainly factors. But because of the research bias, the exactly relationship of these factors is not sure. Plant estrogen is the hot point now. But more clinical researches are needed. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer is caused by many factors. Life style is the factor which can be affected easily, and good life style is helpful to the prevention of breast cancer.

  17. Travelling with HIV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Ulla S; Jensen-Fangel, Søren; Pedersen, Gitte;

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe travel patterns, extent of professional pre-travel advice and health problems encountered during travel among HIV-infected individuals. METHODS: During a six-month period a questionnaire was handed out to 2821 adult HIV-infected individuals attending any...... of the eight Danish medical HIV care centers. RESULTS: A total of 763 individuals responded. During the previous two years 49% had travelled outside Europe; 18% had travelled less and 30% were more cautious when choosing travel destination than before the HIV diagnosis. Pre-travel advice was sought by only 38......%, and travel insurance was taken out by 86%. However, 29%/74% did not inform the advisor/the insurance company about their HIV status. Nearly all patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) were adherent, but 58% worried about carrying HIV-medicine and 19% tried to hide it. Only 19% experienced...

  18. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis E

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Visiting Friends and Family in Areas with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika Travel to the Olympics Infographic: Olympic ... No vaccine is available, nor are drugs for preventing infection. Travelers should avoid drinking unboiled or unchlorinated ...

  19. Risk for Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Cow Disease Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) Prion Diseases Risk for Travelers Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... Jakob Disease (vCJD) by Blood and Blood Products . Risk for Travelers The current risk of acquiring vCJD ...

  20. Travel Inside the Ear

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home » Health Info » Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness Travel Inside the Ear Video When sound waves reach ... are smaller than an orange seed. It then travels into the inner ear, which is filled with ...

  1. Travel Inside the Ear

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Home » Health Info » Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness Travel Inside the Ear Video When sound waves reach ... are smaller than an orange seed. It then travels into the inner ear, which is filled with ...

  2. Traveling with children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002427.htm Traveling with children To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Traveling with children presents special challenges. It disrupts familiar ...

  3. Traveling Safely with Medicines

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Medications Safely My Medicine List How to Administer Traveling Safely with Medicines Planes, trains, cars – even boats ... your trip, ask your pharmacist about how to travel safely with your medicines. Make sure that you ...

  4. Pregnancy and travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000608.htm Pregnancy and travel To use the sharing features on this page, ... Most of the time, it is fine to travel while pregnant. As long as you are comfortable ...

  5. End to End Travel

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — E2 Solutions is a web based end-to-end travel management tool that includes paperless travel authorization and voucher document submissions, document approval...

  6. Travelers' Health: Rubella

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Visiting Friends and Family in Areas with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika Travel to the Olympics Infographic: Olympic ... is time-consuming and expensive. TREATMENT Supportive care. PREVENTION All travelers aged ≥12 months should have evidence ...

  7. Traveling wave laser system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A method is described for generating a traveling wave laser pulse of almost unlimited energy content wherein a gain medium is pumped into a traveling wave mode, the traveling wave moving at essentially the velocity of light to generate an amplifying region or zone which moves through the medium at the velocity of light in the presence of directed stimulating radiation, thereby generating a traveling coherent, directed radiation pulse moving with the amplification zone through the gain medium. (U.S.)

  8. Modelling urban travel times

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zheng, F.

    2011-01-01

    Urban travel times are intrinsically uncertain due to a lot of stochastic characteristics of traffic, especially at signalized intersections. A single travel time does not have much meaning and is not informative to drivers or traffic managers. The range of travel times is large such that certain tr

  9. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis A

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in Travelers Food and Water Getting Health Care Abroad Getting Sick After Travel High Altitudes Hot Climates Humanitarian Aid Workers Humanitarian ... and does not increase the risk for adverse effects, screening for total anti-HAV before travel can be useful in some circumstances to determine ...

  10. Travelers' Health: Scuba Diving

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... PREPARING FOR DIVE TRAVEL Planning for dive-related travel should take ... in health, including injuries or surgery, and medication use. Respiratory ...

  11. Finnish travelers' travel motivation : case: Canary Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Jokilehto, Katri

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the thesis was to study the travel motives which lead Finnish people to travel to the Canary Islands and other factors which impact on the holiday decision process and destination choice. The target group for the research was Finnish people and the aim was to study the travel motives of Finns to the Canary Islands and which factors are important for Finnish people to gain a successful holiday. The research was conducted by using internet survey and the collected data was analyzed b...

  12. Travel personae of American pleasure travelers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Park, S.; Tussyadiah, Iis; Mazanec, J.A.;

    2010-01-01

    Travel style has been shown to be a useful concept for understanding travelers. In this study it is argued that the portfolio of trips (specifically, the portfolio of various trip styles) one takes can be used to describe his/her overall travel persona. Network analysis was used to examine...... personae which, in turn, are related to their choices of places visited and their response to advertising materials. It was concluded that the framework provided by these findings along with new tools on the Internet offer the potential to develop highly personalized communications with existing...

  13. Traveling wave laser system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The invention broadly involves a method and means for generating a traveling wave laser pulse and is basically analogous to a single pass light amplifier system. However, the invention provides a traveling wave laser pulse of almost unlimited energy content, wherein a gain medium is pumped in a traveling wave mode, the traveling wave moving at essentially the velocity of light to generate an amplifying region or zone which moves through the medium at the velocity of light in the presence of directed stimulating radiation, thereby generating a traveling coherent, directed radiation pulse moving with the amplification zone through the gain medium. (U.S.)

  14. On the Relationship Between the Sub-health and The Life Style of High Level Female Talents%高层次女性人才亚健康与生活方式的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚保春

    2012-01-01

    目的研究河南省高层次女性人才的亚健康发生率与生活方式相关因素的关系。方法从河南省11个单位中随机抽取600名高层次女性人才,对其亚健康和生活方式相关因素进行调查。结果高层次女性人才的亚健康发生率与睡眠时间、睡眠质量、午睡、早睡早起、早餐、三餐、体育锻炼、锻炼频度、锻炼时间存在显著负相关,与熬夜存在显著正相关,与甜食、高脂肪食物、零食、夜宵、吸烟、饮酒、锻炼强度无关。结论:河南省高层次女性人才的亚健康发生率与睡眠、作息与饮食习惯、体育锻炼等生活方式相关因素关系密切。%Objective Study the relationship between the sub-health incidence rate of high level female talents of Henan Province and their life style related factors.Method Randomly sample 600 high level female talents from 11 institutions of Henan Province,Investigate their sub-health present situation and their life style related factors.Result There is a clear negative correlation between the sub-health incidence rate of high level female talents and their sleep time,Sleep quality,Afternoon nap,Going to bed early and getting up early,Breakfast,Lunch,Physical exercise,Exercising frequency,and exercising time.There is a clear positive correlation with sitting up late at night.There is no correlation with sweet food,High fat,snack,Night snack,Smoking,Drinking and exercise intensity.Conclusion The sub-health incidence rate of high level female talents of Henan Province has a close relation with their sleep,Work and rest,Eating habits,Physical exercise and other life style related factors.

  15. Influence of community health education on the life style of patients with primary hypertension%社区健康教育对原发性高血压患者生活方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪红; 吕瑜莲; 王艳丽

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨社区健康教育对原发性高血压患者生活方式的影响.方法 通过讲座及咨询、播放录像、发放健康教育资料的方式对268例原发性高血压患者进行心理护理、指导合理的膳食、适时适量运动,同时做好血压监测、按时服药及社区健康教育,并观察其效果,进行t检验和χ2检验.结果 健康教育前、后原发性高血压患者血压控制效果比较差异显著;健康教育前、后生活方式改变程度比较差异显著.结论 通过进行社区健康教育,可提高患者对原发性高血压的认知,有利于建立健康的生活方式,提高血压控制效果.%Objective To discuss the influence of community health education on the life style of patients with primary hypertension. Methods In the form of lectures, consultation, playing video tape and delivering materials in health education, the community health education concerning psychological nursing, proper food program, timely and reasonable sport, monitoring of blood pressure and timely taking medicine was carried out in 268 patients with hypertension. The effect also was observed using t test and χ2 test. Results The differences between the effect of blood pressure control in patients with hypertension before and after education had statistical significance. The changes of life style before and after education also had statistical significance. Conclusions After the community health education, the patients with primary hypertension will know more about the hypertension, which is beneficial for them to form a healthy life style to improve the effect of blood pressure control.

  16. 生活方式干预对糖尿病患者血糖的影响%Influence of life style intervention on blood sugar in diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱晓艳

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the influence of life style intervention on blood sugar in diabetes mellitus. Methods A total of 123 cases of diabetes mellitus were randomized into two groups: observation group in which 62 cases were treated by hypoglycemic agents and life style intervention, and control group in which 61 cases were treated by hypoglycemic agents alone. The blood sugar, triglyceride, total cholesterol and body mass index were detected before and one year after treatment. Results The blood sugar, triglyceride and total cholesterol were decreased in both groupsf P <0.05, P <0.01), and body mass index was decreased in observation group(P <0. 05). There were striking differences in the blood sugar, triglyceride, total cholesterol and body mass index between the two groups after treatment(P< 0.05). Conclusion Healthy life style can help hypoglycemic agents control blood sugar.%目的 观察生活方式对糖尿病患者血糖的影响.方法 将123例糖尿病患者随机分为干预组(62例)和对照组(61例);两组均给予规范的降糖治疗,干预组同时给予健康教育、膳食调理和运动处方.比较干预前及1年后血糖、三酰甘油、总胆固醇、体质量指数的变化.结果 两组血糖、三酰甘油、胆固醇、体质量指数都有明显降低(P<0.05,P<0.01),且干预组降低较对照组显著(P<0.05).结论 健康的生活方式有助于控制糖尿病患者血糖.

  17. Travelers' Health: Water Disinfection for Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... the primary disinfectant promoted by CDC and the World Health Organization Safe Water System at a 1. ...

  18. 加强党员干部日常生活作风建设研究∗%Study on Construction of the Life Style of CCP Members and Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢加书; 粟林杰

    2016-01-01

    加强党员干部日常生活作风建设是全面从严治党、推进党风政风和社会风气好转的根本要求。中国共产党一贯高度重视党员干部的日常生活作风建设,形成了优良的传统和一系列的制度规范。近年来,一些党员干部在日常消费、婚姻家庭生活、人际交往、休闲娱乐等方面不同程度地存在着一些违纪违法现象和问题,有的问题甚至成为贪污腐败和蜕化变质的导火索。加强党员干部日常生活作风建设,不仅需要增强理想信念教育,引导党员干部处理好情、理、法和公与私的关系,培养党员干部积极、健康、向上的生活情趣,更要落实廉洁自律准则和纪律处分条例,同时要严格执法,强化监督,营造风清气正的政治生态。%To strengthen the construction of the daily life style of CCP members and cadres is significantly required for promoting the strict governess of CCP, improving the political climate and social climate. CCP has been continuously attaching great importance to strengthen the construction of daily life style of CCP members and cadres, good traditions and institutional norms thus formed. Currently among some CCP members and cadres, there exist breaches of laws and regulations in many aspects such as daily consumption, love and marriage life, daily interpersonal communication, leisure life and entertainment, some of these problems even become the fuse of corruption and degeneration. To strengthen the construction of daily life style requires us not only to actively enforce education of firm faith and principles, to guide CCP members and cadres clear among personal relations, principles and laws, to cope well with the rela⁃tionship between work and personal life, to develop CCP members and cadres′active,healthy and upward life style, but also to formu⁃late and implement the disciplinary rules to prevent corruption. It′s also necessary to carry out strict

  19. 飞行员饮食生活习惯调查与健康管理模式探讨%Survey on diet habits and life style of pilots and exploration of health management mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李英秋; 潘玉焕; 单庆顺

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解飞行员生活方式及饮食习惯方面存在的问题,提出有针对性的飞行员健康管理建议.方法 采用问卷调查方法对飞行员进行健康知识掌握情况、饮食习惯和生活方式调查,统计分析采用SPSS 11.5统计软件进行.结果 平均知识得分38.87±9.35.不良生活饮食习惯从高往低排位是:肉类摄入超量(90.28%),水果摄入不足(63.89%),经常饮酒(61.57%),吸烟(57.41%),蔬菜摄入不足(53.70%),经常吃夜宵(41.20%),经常去饭店聚餐(32.87%),常吃非健康食品(31.02%),奶制品摄入不足(28.70%),喜食油腻(27.78%),常喝含糖饮料(21.76%),鱼摄入不足(19.44%),豆制品摄入不足(12.50%).结论 飞行员存在不良生活方式和饮食习惯,健康知识缺乏.应加强健康教育,采取综合管理措施,改变不良的生活方式和饮食习惯.%[ Objective ] To understand the existed problem in life style and diet habits of pilots, and put forward targeted health management recommendations. [Methods]The health knowledge, life style and diet habits of the pilots were investigated with self-designed questionnaire, and statistical analyses was performed by the SPSS11. 5 software package. [ Results ] The average score of knowledge was only 38. 87 ?. 35. The bad life style and diet habits were excess intake of meat (90. 28% ) , less intake of fruits (63.89% ) , frequent drinking (61.57% ) , smoking (57.41% ) , inadequate intake of vegetable (53.70% ) , frequent supper intake (41. 20 % ) , frequent restaurant dinner (32. 87% ) , frequent non-healthy food intake (31. 02% ) , the lack of dairy intake (28.70% ) , eating greasy ( 27.78% ) , frequent sugary beverage intake (21.76% ) , inadequate intake of fish (19.44% } , inadequate intake of soy (12.50% ) from high to low ranking. [Conclusion] Most pilots are lack of nutritional knowledge and have some unhealthy life style and diet habits. It is necessary to strengthen health education, to adopt

  20. The Effect of Corporate Influence in the Short Haul Business Travel Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Keith J.

    1999-01-01

    The importance of corporate involvement in the decision making process for business related air travel is being increasingly recognised in the literature. Business travellers consume air services (i.e. they take airline flights), however; they may not be the principal decision-maker in the purchase. Also it is the organization that employs the traveller that incurs die cost for air travel. Consequently this research addresses the relationship between the traveller and the employing organisation in the purchase of air travel. In this paper traveller opinions on their corporate travel policy are evaluated using a Likert summated rating scale. The benefits sought, by the traveller, from the air service are also investigated and these benefits are used to segment the short haul business air travel market in the EU. Changes in the market for short haul business travel since the full liberalisation of the aviation market in-the EU are evaluated by comparing the data to an earlier study of similar travellers in 1992.

  1. TRAVEL AND HOME LEAVE

    CERN Multimedia

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    Administrative procedures for : Travel to the home station and home leave (hl) Additional travel to the home station (at) Travel to the home station and home leave for family reasons (hlf) As part of the process of simplifying administrative procedures, HR and AS Divisions have devised a new, virtually automatic procedure for payment of travel expenses to the home station. The changes are aimed at rationalising administrative procedures and not at reducing benefits. The conditions of eligibility are unchanged. The new procedure, which will be operational with effect from 1st June 2002, will greatly simplify the administrative processing of claims for travel expenses and the recording of home leaves. Currently, requests for payment are introduced manually into the Advances and Claims system (AVCL) by divisional secretariats. All travel to the home station starting prior to 1st June 2002 will be processed according to the existing system whereas that starting on 1st June and after will be processed accordi...

  2. [Vaccination for international travelers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrazola, M Pilar; Serrano, Almudena; López-Vélez, Rogelio

    2016-05-01

    Traveler's vaccination is one of the key strategies for the prevention of infectious diseases during international travel. The risk of acquiring an infectious disease is determined in each case by the characteristics of the traveler and the travel, so the pre-departure medical advice of the traveler must be individualized. The World Health Organization classifies travelerś vaccines into three groups. - Vaccines for routine use in national immunization programs: Haemophilus influenzae type b, hepatitis B, polio, measles-mumps-rubella, tetanus-diphtheria-whooping a cough, and chickenpox. - Vaccinations required by law in certain countries before to enter them: yellow fever, meningococcal disease and poliomyelitis. - Vaccines recommended depending on the circumstances: cholera, japanese encephalitis, tick-borne encephalitis, meningococcal disease, typhoid fever, influenza, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, rabies and BCG. This review is intended to introduce the reader to the field of international vaccination. PMID:26920587

  3. FORMS OF YOUTH TRAVEL

    OpenAIRE

    Moisã Claudia Olimpia

    2011-01-01

    Taking into account the suite of motivation that youth has when practicing tourism, it can be said that the youth travel takes highly diverse forms. These forms are educational tourism, volunteer programs and “work and travel”, cultural exchanges or sports tourism and adventure travel. In this article, we identified and analyzed in detail the main forms of youth travel both internationally and in Romania. We also illustrated for each form of tourism the specific tourism products targeting you...

  4. Immunizations for foreign travel.

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, D. R.

    1992-01-01

    One of the most important aspects of preparing travelers for destinations throughout the world is providing them with immunizations. Before administering any vaccines, however, a careful health and immunization history and travel itinerary should be obtained in order to determine vaccine indications and contraindications. There are three categories of immunizations for foreign travel. The first category includes immunizations which are routinely recommended whether or not the individual is tr...

  5. Gulliver, Travel, and Empire

    OpenAIRE

    Rawson, Claude

    2012-01-01

    In his article "Gulliver, Travel, and Empire" Claude Rawson analyzes Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels as a central document of European intellectual history. Rawson focuses on the relationship between ethnicity and human identity and asks what constitutes humanity and how individual groups qualify (or not) for human status. Posing teasingly as a "parody" of travel books, it is both a series of voyages and an ethnically widening arc of moral exploration as Book Four at once expresses an amb...

  6. Active Travel - Healthy Lives

    OpenAIRE

    Institute of Public Health in Ireland

    2011-01-01

    Across Ireland, there is considerable scope to replace many short car journeys with walking and cycling which would bring about a range of benefits to health as well as saving money for individuals and society.'Active travel, healthy lives' presents a summary of international evidence on the health and economic benefits of active travel and makes recommendations on how active travel can become a viable, safe and attractive alternative to car use.

  7. [Fever in returning travelers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burchard, G

    2014-03-01

    Travel-related illness is most often due to gastrointestinal, febrile, and dermatologic diseases. Fever in a returned traveler demands prompt attention because it may be a manifestation of an infection that could be rapidly progressive and lethal. The approach to the febrile patient should be stepwise and consider travel and exposure history. Malaria is the most common cause of fever in patients returning from Sub-Saharan Africa, whereas dengue is more frequent in travelers from other tropical and subtropical areas. Other serious diseases are typhoid and paratyphoid fever, amebic liver abscess, visceral leishmaniasis, leptospirosis and-rarely-viral hemorrhagic fevers. PMID:24557143

  8. Pre-Travel Medical Preparation of Business and Occupational Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Nomana M.; Jentes, Emily S.; Brown, Clive; Han, Pauline; Rao, Sowmya R.; Kozarsky, Phyllis; Hagmann, Stefan H.F.; LaRocque, Regina C.; Ryan, Edward T.

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to understand more about pre-travel preparations and itineraries of business and occupational travelers. Methods: De-identified data from 18 Global TravEpiNet clinics from January 2009 to December 2012 were analyzed. Results: Of 23,534 travelers, 61% were non-occupational and 39% occupational. Business travelers were more likely to be men, had short times to departure and shorter trip durations, and commonly refused influenza, meningococcal, and hepatitis B vaccines. Most business travelers indicated that employers suggested the pre-travel health consultation, whereas non-occupational travelers sought consultations because of travel health concerns. Conclusions: Sub-groups of occupational travelers have characteristic profiles, with business travelers being particularly distinct. Employers play a role in encouraging business travelers to seek pre-travel consultations. Such consultations, even if scheduled immediately before travel, can identify vaccination gaps and increase coverage. PMID:26479857

  9. Improving health through policies that promote active travel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Nazelle, Audrey; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J; Antó, Josep M;

    2011-01-01

    Substantial policy changes to control obesity, limit chronic disease, and reduce air pollution emissions, including greenhouse gasses, have been recommended. Transportation and planning policies that promote active travel by walking and cycling can contribute to these goals, potentially yielding...

  10. Illness in Returned Travellers

    OpenAIRE

    Lawee, D; Scappatura, P.; Gutman, E.

    1989-01-01

    Intercontinental travel is more common now than it has ever been before, and so are travel-related diseases. A thorough history and physical examination provide many clues to possible pathogens, particularly when combined with knowledge of the geographic distribution of specific diseases. Prompt diagnosis and proper treatment are imperative.

  11. Zika Travel Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Partners GeoSentinel Global TravEpiNet Mobile Apps RSS Feeds Zika Travel Information Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... please visit CDC’s Zika website . Traveling soon? Get Zika info on-the-go. Sign up to receive ...

  12. Travelers' Health: Diphtheria

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  13. Travelers' Health: Cryptosporidiosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  14. Travelers' Health: Meningococcal Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... preventable serogroups are recognized (see the CDC Travelers’ Health website at www.cdc.gov/travel ). Note that proof of receipt of quadrivalent vaccination ...

  15. Travelers' Health: Mumps

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  16. Travelers' Health: Giardiasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  17. Travelers' Health: Sunburn

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  18. Travelers' Health: Pertussis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  19. Travelers' Health: Coccidioidomycosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  20. Travelers' Health: Scabies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  1. Traveling with Portable Oxygen

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... that is right for you depends on your travel plans, your health requirements, and your personal preferences. Compressed Oxygen Compressed ... notice before your ight if you plan to travel with oxygen. For this ... to review procedures and complete all necessary paperwork required by ...

  2. Travelers' Health: Rabies

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Animal Safety Blood Clots Bug Bites Business Travel Cold Climates Counterfeit Drugs Cruise Ship Travel Families with ... virus–neutralizing antibody is not necessary in most international ... weight may be small in relation to the size and number of wounds. RIG ...

  3. Travel and transport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bill, Jan; Roesdahl, Else

    2007-01-01

    On the interrelationship between travel, transport and society; on land transport, sea and river transport, and on winter transport;  on the related technologies and their developments......On the interrelationship between travel, transport and society; on land transport, sea and river transport, and on winter transport;  on the related technologies and their developments...

  4. Opportunities and benefits. [commuter air travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, T. L.

    1983-01-01

    The service characteristics and changes affecting commuter airline operations are summarized. Community and passenger considerations are addressed and the benefits identified in NASA-sponsored aircraft studies are discussed.

  5. International business travel: impact on families and travellers

    OpenAIRE

    Espino, C.; Sundstrom, S; Frick, H.; Jacobs, M; Peters, M

    2002-01-01

    Objectives: Spouses and staff of the World Bank Group (WBG) were questioned about the impact of international business travel on families and travellers. Dependent variables were self reported stress, concern about the health of the traveller, and negative impact on the family. We hypothesised that several travel factors (independent variables) would be associated with these impacts. These travel factors had to do with the frequency, duration, and predictability of travel and its interference...

  6. Travel Safety: A Social Media Enabled Mobile Travel Risk Application

    OpenAIRE

    Noyen, Kay; Wortmann, Felix

    2014-01-01

    We present the design artifact Travel Safety, a mobile travel risk information system (IS). Besides offering general travel risk information, the iPhone application leverages social media, in particular Twitter, to source travel risk information from multiple foreign offices. This provides a comprehensive real-time information base for the application and enables dispatch of automatic travel warnings. On the basis of Travel Safety we want to explore if content from social media can be leverag...

  7. NADIM-Travel: A Multiagent Platform for Travel Services Aggregation

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Ameur, Houssein; Bédard, François; Vaucher, Stéphane; Kropf, Peter; Chaib-draaa, Brahim; Gérin-Lajoie, Robert

    2010-01-01

    With the Internet as a growing channel for travel services distribution, sophisticated travel services aggregators are increasingly in demand. A travel services aggregation platform should be able to manage the heterogeneous characteristics of the many existing travel services. It should also be as scalable, robust, and flexible as possible. Using multiagent technology, we designed and implemented a multiagent platform for travel services aggregation called NADIM-Travel. In this platform, a p...

  8. Association of psoriasis with diets and life style of patients%银屑病发病与饮食及生活习惯相关性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林世庄; 苏湘川

    2013-01-01

      目的通过分析银屑病发病与患者的饮食及生活习惯的关系,探讨银屑病的发病因素.方法对325例银屑病患者与325名健康人的饮食及生活习惯进行调查,调查所得的流行病学资料量化赋值后,使用单因素结合多因素logistic回归分析,找出可能引起或防止银屑病发生的影响因素.结果经常食用面粉(OR=2.214)、牛肉(OR=3.308)、羊肉(OR=2.145)、鱼虾(OR=1.952)、辣椒(OR=2.559)、洋葱(OR=1.519)、咸菜或酸菜(OR=1.752)及吸烟(OR=2.515)、饮酒(OR=2.205)、失眠(OR=1.502)、肥胖(OR=1.557)可能是银屑病发病的危险因素.经常食用大米(OR=0.422)、粗粮(OR=0.252)、蛋类(OR=0.459)、鲜奶(OR=0.576)、苹果(OR=0.650)、香蕉(OR=0.656)、芹菜(OR=0.515)、茄子(OR=0.652)可能对银屑病发病有一定的预防作用.结论饮食因素及吸烟、饮酒、失眠、肥胖等因素在寻常型银屑病的发生、发展中起重要作用.%Objective To investigate the association of psoriasis with diets and life style of patients. Methods The diets and life style of 325 patients with psoriasis and 325 healthy subjects were surveyed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the risk factors of psoriasis. Results The logistic regression analysis showed that wheat flour (OR=2.214), beef(OR=3.308), mutton(OR=2.145), fish or shrimp(OR=1.952), pepper(OR=2.559), onion(OR=1.519),pickles(OR=1.752), smoking(OR=2.515), drinking(OR=2.205), insomnia(OR=1.502), fat(OR=1.557)were risk factors of psoriasis;while rice(OR=0.422), coarse grain(OR=0.252), egg(OR=0.459), milk(OR=0.576), apple(OR=0.650), banana(OR=0.656), celery (OR=0.515), eggplant (OR=0.652)were protective factors of psoriasis. Conclusions The diets and life style may be associated with the pathogenesis of psoriasis.

  9. Observation of the effect of therapeutic life-style change intervention in patients with dyslipidemia%治疗性生活方式改变对血脂异常患者的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘思彤; 武韬; 毛宏辉

    2012-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of therapeutic life-style change for patients with dyslipidemia. Methods Nintey patients with dyslipidemia, discovered in the physical examination, were divided into observational group and control group randomly. The treatment of therapeutic life-style change on the observational group were carried out, but not in the control group. Within 6 months follow-up, blood lipid levels were measured to check whether it reached the target level. Result Unbalanced diet, lack of exercise and overweight in the observational group were significantly improved after the intervention, and the level of TG, TC, LDL-C were significantly reduced (P <0.05) while the change of HDL-C had no statistical significant difference. Conclusion Therapeutic life-style change can significantly improve the diet of patients, help patients to establish a healthy lifestyle, and it is a simple, effective, low-risk measure for dyslipidemia.%目的 探讨治疗性生活方式改变在轻中度血脂异常人群中的作用.方法 将90例体检中发现血脂异常的患者随机分为观察组和对照组,每组45例.对观察组进行治疗性生活方式改变干预,对照组未进行干预,随访6个月,复查血脂.结果 干预后观察组不合理饮食、缺乏运动、超重情况与干预前比较有明显改善,干预前后膳食评价得分分别为4.86±0.93和2.88±0.84,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);干预后观察组与对照组膳食评价得分差异亦有统计学意义[(2.88±0.84) vs. (5.36±0.39),P<0.05].观察组干预后与干预前比较,甘油三酯[(1.65±1.01)mmol/Lvs.(2.32±1.49)mmol/L]、总胆固醇[(5.32±1.13)mmol/L vs.(6.09±0.87)mmol/L]、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇[(3.53±0.29) mmol/Lvs.(4.83±0.84) mmol/L]均显著降低(P均<0.05);高密度脂蛋白胆固醇[(1.46±0.17) mmol/Lvs.( 1.54±0.34)mmol/L]无显著变化(P>0.05).结论 治疗性生活方式改变能显著改善轻中度血脂异常患者的饮食结构,帮助患

  10. The effect on pregnancy of counseling the life style from the first trimester based on the fasting hyperglysemia%早期干预空腹血糖偏高孕妇对妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹伍兰; 陈宏霞

    2011-01-01

    Objective To counsel the life style from the first trimester based on the fasting hyperglysemia to decrease the rate of GDM and adverse effect of it. Methods The pregnancy women with fasting hyperglysemia were recruited. All subjects were divided into two groups, one was counselled the life style from the first trimester but the other not. The pregnant outcome were compared. Results In the study group 1 100 with complete information and 29 were abnormal glucose intolerance, 1 120 of 47 in control. The rate of GDM or GIGT,hypertensive disease,spontaneous abortion,premature dilivery, polyhydramnios, fetal macrosomia, fetal growth restriction, neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and the mean GHbA1c was lower than that in control ( x2 = 8.110,6.124,5.815,4.518,6.355,3.957,5.453,4.619, t = 3.385, all P < 0. 05 ). But the body mass index at labor( t = 0.698 ), infection disease ( x2 =0.082),mean neonatal weight (t = 2.09 )and neonatal hypoglysemia (x2 = 0.035 )of term labor had no significant differences. ( t = 0.698, χ2 = 0.082,t = 2.090, χ2 = 0.035, all P > 0.05 ). Conclusion Counseling the life style from the first trimester based on the fasting hyperglysemia could decrease the rate of GDM or GIGT and improve the pregnancy result.%目的 通过早期对空腹血糖偏高孕妇进行干预,降低妊娠期糖尿病(GDM)发生率并改善其妊娠结局。方法 选择空腹血糖偏高者孕妇为研究对象,随机分为干预组与对照组,干预组早期即开始饮食运动干预,对照组则按常规筛查诊治,比较两组GDM发生率及妊娠结局。结果 干预组GDM、妊娠期高血压疾病、流产、早产、羊水过多、巨大儿、胎儿生长受限、新生儿呼吸窘迫综合征的发生率和平均糖化血红蛋白水平均低于对照组(x2 =8.110、6.124、5.815、4.598、6.355、3.957、5.453、4.619,t=3.385,均P<0.05);两组孕妇体质量指数、足月新生儿出生体质量、感染性疾病、足月新生儿

  11. Three Generations Travel

    OpenAIRE

    Florya, Yulia

    2014-01-01

    Tourism plays a magnificent role nowadays in people’s life. Now when there are fewer borders and more oppor-tunities to travel, people want to see and explore the world by themselves, together with their families and rela-tives. The thesis focuses on activities for three generation extended family travelers who are staying in Saimaa Holi-day Oravi cottages. The overall purpose is providing real activities for three generation travelers. The objective was to create brand-new activities, to...

  12. Travelers' Health: Leishmaniasis, Visceral

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... such as in northeastern Brazil). In the Old World (Eastern Hemisphere), VL is found in parts of ...

  13. Travelers' Health: Yellow Fever

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... YFV transmission is present,” as defined by the World Health Organization, are countries or areas where “yellow ...

  14. Travelers' Health: Poliomyelitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... polio.html ). Country Requirements In May 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the international spread of ...

  15. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... surfaces and instruments). In some parts of the world, such as parts of sub-Saharan Africa, blood ...

  16. Travelers' Health: Varicella (Chickenpox)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart ... is higher in most other parts of the world than it is in the United States. Varicella ...

  17. Travel Inside the Ear

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Ear Infections, and Deafness Travel Inside the Ear Video When sound waves reach your ear, you know ... Topics How Do We Hear? What is Sound? Video Have a question? Information specialists can answer your ...

  18. Travelers' Health: Motion Sickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Visiting Friends and Family in Areas with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika Travel to the Olympics Infographic: Olympic ... ibandronate sodium, risedronate sodium TREATMENT Nonpharmacologic treatments for preventing and treating motion sickness can be effective with ...

  19. Traveling-wave photodetector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hietala, Vincent M.; Vawter, Gregory A.

    1993-01-01

    The traveling-wave photodetector of the present invention combines an absorptive optical waveguide and an electrical transmission line, in which optical absorption in the waveguide results in a photocurrent at the electrodes of the electrical transmission line. The optical waveguide and electrical transmission line of the electrically distributed traveling-wave photodetector are designed to achieve matched velocities between the light in the optical waveguide and electrical signal generated on the transmission line. This velocity synchronization provides the traveling-wave photodetector with a large electrical bandwidth and a high quantum efficiency, because of the effective extended volume for optical absorption. The traveling-wave photodetector also provides large power dissipation, because of its large physical size.

  20. Travelers' Health: HIV Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or other procedures that pierce the skin, including acupuncture, use of illicit drugs, steroid or vitamin injections, ... contaminated by used needles. Travelers with type 1 diabetes, hemophilia, or other conditions that necessitate routine or ...

  1. Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    2005-01-01

    Dear customers, On 3 January we informed you that the airlines had decided to cease paying commission to travel agencies in Switzerland. This measure has since been progressively introduced, with rare exceptions. Consequently, in agreement with CERN, we are obliged to apply new transaction fees for private travel, with immediate effect. Carlson Wagonlit Travel (CWT) offers: A personalized, professional and competent consultancy service To seek the most economical and best solution adapted to your needs Neutrality in comparing prices and benefits Additional information concerning e.g. visa regulations, insurance, vaccinations, etc. Support in the event of problems We draw your attention to the fact that, in spite of the increase, these prices remain very competitive on today's market. Thank you for your trust and understanding. Yours truly, Carlson Wagonlit Travel CERN agency

  2. Malaria and Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a CDC Malaria Branch clinician. malaria@cdc.gov Malaria and Travelers Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... may be at risk for infection. Determine if malaria transmission occurs at the destinations Obtain a detailed ...

  3. Wind farms' influences for traffic safety. Study of distance requirements for road traffic, railway traffic, sea traffic and air travel; Tuulivoimaloiden vaikutukset liikenneturvallisuuteen. Selvitys etaeisyysvaatimuksista tie-, rautatie-, meri- ja lentoliikenteen osalta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hytoenen, K.; Harju, M.; Piispanen, J.; Haulos, S.

    2012-11-15

    reasonable reasons, for example when main road's busy junctions are nearby. Risk assessment should be required when constructing offshore wind farms and -parks. It's recommended to clarify and simplify zones of flight obstacle permits nationally for air travels part, that planning of wind farms is based on. It would be appropriate to create a continuous practice and process for performing wide-range influence and risk assessment. (orig.)

  4. Travel patterns in China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tini Garske

    Full Text Available The spread of infectious disease epidemics is mediated by human travel. Yet human mobility patterns vary substantially between countries and regions. Quantifying the frequency of travel and length of journeys in well-defined population is therefore critical for predicting the likely speed and pattern of spread of emerging infectious diseases, such as a new influenza pandemic. Here we present the results of a large population survey undertaken in 2007 in two areas of China: Shenzhen city in Guangdong province, and Huangshan city in Anhui province. In each area, 10,000 randomly selected individuals were interviewed, and data on regular and occasional journeys collected. Travel behaviour was examined as a function of age, sex, economic status and home location. Women and children were generally found to travel shorter distances than men. Travel patterns in the economically developed Shenzhen region are shown to resemble those in developed and economically advanced middle income countries with a significant fraction of the population commuting over distances in excess of 50 km. Conversely, in the less developed rural region of Anhui, travel was much more local, with very few journeys over 30 km. Travel patterns in both populations were well-fitted by a gravity model with a lognormal kernel function. The results provide the first quantitative information on human travel patterns in modern China, and suggest that a pandemic emerging in a less developed area of rural China might spread geographically sufficiently slowly for containment to be feasible, while spatial spread in the more economically developed areas might be expected to be much more rapid, making containment more difficult.

  5. Why They Travel Alone?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    "WHY Chinese Women Travel Alone" was the theme of a special edition of "Truth Talk" a popular talk show on China Central Television (CCTV), which focused on a few middle-aged women from different cultural backgrounds, social classes, and various educational backgrounds who had all branched out on their own for one reason or another. Each woman spoke of her experiences and feelings while travelling alone. They were all

  6. Freedom of Movement (Common Travel Area) (Travel Documentation) Bill 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Butler, Graham; Hunt, Brian; Flanagan, Terence

    2014-01-01

    Private Members' Bill (legislation) introduced in Dáil Éireann (House of Deputies), Houses of the Oireachtas (Irish Parliament). An Act to reinforce the Common Travel Area by providing for passport-free travel for persons who are entitled to travel within the Common Travel Area without a passport...

  7. Nutritional status and daily life style of Tujia and Miao minority primary school students in Xiangxi%湘西土家族苗族小学生营养状况与日常生活方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张福兰; 张天成; 张天炜

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解湘西州土家族、苗族小学生营养状况及其与日常生活方式的关系,为制定少数民族小学生营养状况改善对策提供依据.方法 分层随机整群抽取湘西州土家族、苗族1447名小学生进行体格测试和问卷调查,采用身高标准体重法评价学生营养状况.结果 土家族和苗族小学生中度营养不良、肥胖检出率分别为6.08%,13.13%.对学校体育课持不同态度、饮食生活方式及余暇时间生活方式不同的学生营养状况差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.01),其中每天吃零食、睡前加餐的学生肥胖率均最高(16.52%,22.02%);每天睡眠时间≥9 h的学生中度营养不良、肥胖率均最高(10.71%,26.19%);每天没有余暇体育锻炼时间的学生超重、肥胖率均最高(10.05%,18.09%);每天看电视/上网时间≥60 min的学生肥胖率最高(20.50%).结论 土家族、苗族小学生营养不良与营养过剩并存,日常生活方式对营养状况有影响.应加强对小学生营养健康知识的普及和教育,引导小学生建立良好的生活方式.%Objective To understand the nutritional status and the effect of daily life style on Tujia and Miao minority primary school students in Xiangxi.Methods By using stratified random sampling method 1447 pupils were selected.Physique test and questionnaire survey were taken to them.Percentage of mediam height with standard weight method was used to estimate nutritional level of students.Results The rate of malnutrition and obesity were 6.08% and 13.13% respectivly.The nutritional status of students who had different attitude to physical education curriculum,different life style in diet and leasure time were significantly different(P<0.01).The obesity rate of students who ate snacks and added food before sleeping everyday were highest (16.52% and 22.02%).The malnutrition and obesity rates of students whose sleep time was over nine hours everyday were

  8. Effects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moncrieft, Ashley E.; Llabre, Maria M.; McCalla, Judith Rey; Gutt, Miriam; Mendez, Armando J.; Gellman, Marc D.; Goldberg, Ronald B.; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective Few interventions have combined life-style and psychosocial approaches in the context of Type 2 diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on weight, glycemic control, renal function, and depressive symptoms in a sample of overweight/obese adults with Type 2 diabetes and marked depressive symptoms. Methods A sample of 111 adults with Type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a 1-year intervention (n = 57) or usual care (n = 54) in a parallel groups design. Primary outcomes included weight, glycosylated hemoglobin, and Beck Depression Inventory II score. Estimated glomerular filtration rate served as a secondary outcome. All measures were assessed at baseline and 6 and 12 months after randomization by assessors blind to randomization. Latent growth modeling was used to examine intervention effects on each outcome. Results The intervention resulted in decreased weight (mean [M] = 0.322 kg, standard error [SE] = 0.124 kg, p = .010) and glycosylated hemoglobin (M = 0.066%, SE = 0.028%, p = .017), and Beck Depression Inventory II scores (M = 1.009, SE = 0.226, p management of Type 2 diabetes. Trial Registration: This study is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01739205. PMID:27359176

  9. Dependence Research on University Student's Sports Consuming Behavior and Healthy Life Style Form%大学生体育消费行为与健康生活方式养成的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丛冬梅

    2015-01-01

    This article passes and uses research approaches such as questionnaire investigation, expert ' s interview, etc., to conduct researching and analyzing the life at leisure and relevant activity contents of uni-versity students. Based on this it aims at promoting university students to participate in the sport activity, improve their life quality, enriching their culture of the campus life, and forming individual ' s good healthy life style, which has an important directive significance.%本文通过运用问卷调查、专家访谈等研究方法, 对大学生的闲暇生活及与其有关的活动内容进行研究分析. 以此为依据为推动大学生积极参与体育活动, 提高大学生的生活质量, 丰富大学生的校园文化生活, 养成个人良好的健康生活方式具有重要的指导意义.

  10. The Traveling Microbiome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riddle, Mark S; Connor, Bradley A

    2016-09-01

    Given the recent interest in the human gut microbiome in health and disease, we have undertaken a review of the role of the gut microbiome as it relates to travel. Considering the microbiome as the interface with the external world of the traveler, not only from the perspective of protection from enteric infection by colonization resistance but also the possibility that a traveler's unique microbiome may place him or her at lesser or greater risk for enteric infection. We review available data on travel, travelers' diarrhea, and the use of antibiotics as it relates to changes in the microbiome and the acquisition of multi-drug-resistant bacteria and explore the interplay of these factors in the development of dysbiosis and the post-infectious sequelae of TD, specifically PI-IBS. In addition, we explore whether dietary changes in travel affect the gut microbiome in a way which modulates gastrointestinal function and susceptibility to infection and discuss whether pre- or probiotics have any meaningful role in prevention or treatment of TD. Finally, a discussion of important research gaps and opportunities in this area is identified. PMID:27447891

  11. SMART TRAVELLING WITH RADIO FREQUENCY IDENTIFICATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainab Rasheed Fahad Mirza

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Radio Frequency Identification (RFID technology is being widely used now-a-days and is becoming more popular with every passing day. There are varied applications of this technology in various fields such as industry, communication, travel and transportation. Roads, rail ways, air traffic and container vessel shipping all share underlying abstractions of transportation nets with hubs. This study is concerned with applications of RFID technology with Cloud computing, innovation in the field of travelling and its applications for different modes of transportation at Harbors, airports, train stations, road intersections providing security, coordination, to the users. Combined with other technologies, RFID technology is being used for modern airports baggage system, for railroad car identification, in container transportation systems, for fuel supply control of vehicles, in traffic management system and in travelling information system.

  12. Effect of airline travel on performance: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leatherwood, Whitney E; Dragoo, Jason L

    2013-06-01

    The need for athletes to travel long distances has spurred investigation into the effect of air travel across multiple time zones on athletic performance. Rapid eastward or westward travel may negatively affect the body in many ways; therefore, strategies should be employed to minimise these effects which may hamper athletic performance. In this review, the fundamentals of circadian rhythm disruption are examined along with additional effects of airline travel including jet lag, sleep deprivation, travel at altitude and nutritional considerations that negatively affect performance. Evidence-based recommendations are provided at the end of the manuscript to minimise the effects of airline travel on performance.

  13. The effect of rail travel time on airline fares: first evidence from the Italian passenger market.

    OpenAIRE

    Capozza, Claudia

    2015-01-01

    The empirical evidence shows that travel time is crucial for rail transport to be a competitor to air transport. However, there are no papers testing whether travel time has a direct effect on airline pricing. This paper is a step towards filling this gap. We test and quantify the effect of rail travel time on airline fares, using unique data at flight-level. We find that airlines design pricing strategies taking into consideration the travel time of competing rail transport service. Airlines...

  14. Knowledge Representation in Travelling Texts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mousten, Birthe; Locmele, Gunta

    2014-01-01

    and the purpose of the text in a new context as well as on predefined parameters for text travel. For texts used in marketing and in technology, the question is whether culture-bound knowledge representation should be domesticated or kept as foreign elements, or should be mirrored or moulded—or should not travel......Today, information travels fast. Texts travel, too. In a corporate context, the question is how to manage which knowledge elements should travel to a new language area or market and in which form? The decision to let knowledge elements travel or not travel highly depends on the limitation...

  15. Travel Time Reliability in Indiana

    OpenAIRE

    Martchouk, Maria; Mannering, Fred L.; Singh, Lakhwinder

    2010-01-01

    Travel time and travel time reliability are important performance measures for assessing traffic condition and extent of congestion on a roadway. This study first uses a floating car technique to assess travel time and travel time reliability on a number of Indiana highways. Then the study goes on to describe the use of Bluetooth technology to collect real travel time data on a freeway and applies it to obtain two weeks of data on Interstate 69 in Indianapolis. An autoregressive model, estima...

  16. Colored Traveling Salesman Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jun; Zhou, MengChu; Sun, Qirui; Dai, Xianzhong; Yu, Xiaolong

    2015-11-01

    The multiple traveling salesman problem (MTSP) is an important combinatorial optimization problem. It has been widely and successfully applied to the practical cases in which multiple traveling individuals (salesmen) share the common workspace (city set). However, it cannot represent some application problems where multiple traveling individuals not only have their own exclusive tasks but also share a group of tasks with each other. This work proposes a new MTSP called colored traveling salesman problem (CTSP) for handling such cases. Two types of city groups are defined, i.e., each group of exclusive cities of a single color for a salesman to visit and a group of shared cities of multiple colors allowing all salesmen to visit. Evidences show that CTSP is NP-hard and a multidepot MTSP and multiple single traveling salesman problems are its special cases. We present a genetic algorithm (GA) with dual-chromosome coding for CTSP and analyze the corresponding solution space. Then, GA is improved by incorporating greedy, hill-climbing (HC), and simulated annealing (SA) operations to achieve better performance. By experiments, the limitation of the exact solution method is revealed and the performance of the presented GAs is compared. The results suggest that SAGA can achieve the best quality of solutions and HCGA should be the choice making good tradeoff between the solution quality and computing time.

  17. [Travellers to South America].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloveras, Susana Cristina

    2011-12-01

    The geography, tourist attractions and the multiple sites of historical and cultural interest make South America as an important destination chosen by travelers. The continent has a wide climatic variation from north to south, making exposure to risk different between the tropics and the temperate or cold regions. In the countries of tropical South America, the greatest risk is associated with the possibility of acquiring vector-borne diseases, like yellow fever, dengue, malaria and leishmaniasis. The risk of acquiring traveler's diarrhea and food-borne illness is similar across the continent, with some variations according to country and to visit urban or rural areas. Rabies, pertussis and diphtheria have appeared as epidemics in several countries and other diseases such as rickettsiosis, hantavirosis and viral encephalitis have expanded their distribution. The geographic and epidemiological diversity of South America, promotes a challenge for travel medicine specialists because during the pre-travel advice they have to take in account the kind of trip, traveller's medical history, exposure to risk and the dynamics of endemic emerging and reemerging diseases in the region.

  18. 社区老年高血压患者相关心血管危险因素和不良生活方式状况调查及干预%Investigation of the cardiovascular risk factors and unhealthy life style among the elderly patients with hyper-tension in the community community

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚强强; 唐海沁; 夏光云; 张晓猛; 刘星

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解社区老年高血压患者相关心血管危险因素和不良生活方式状况及干预情况。方法调查社区200名老年人,患高血压病90例(45%),统计合并肥胖、高脂血症、吸烟、高盐饮食、缺乏体力活动的比例,采用相应的措施对各相关危险因素和不良生活方式进行干预,比较干预前后各危险因素和不良生活方式的比例。结果老年高血压患者的心血管危险因素和不良生活方式比例较高,合并心血管危险因素肥胖、高血脂和吸烟分别为53%、44%和46%,高盐饮食和缺乏运动分别为54%和47%,干预一年后明显好转。结论社区老年高血压患者多存在多重危险因素和不良生活方式,有效的干预措施,能很大程度上控制相关危险因素和不良生活方式,有利于减缓和减少高血压并发症的发生发展。%Objective To investigate the cardiovascular risk factors and unhealthy life style among elderly patients with hypertension in the community.Method A total of 200 elderly people were interviewed,of which 90 (45%)were hypertensive patients.The proportion of the cardiovascular risk factors and unhealthy life style(obesity, hyperlipidemia,smoking,increased salt intake and lack of physical activity)were calculated.Among 200 patients,90 patients suffered from hypertension (45%).The incidences of obesity,hyperlipidemia,smoked,high salt diet,lack of physical activity were analyzed,appropriate measures were took,to intervene the various risk factors and unhealthy life style.Results The elderly hypertensive patients with a higher proportion of cardiovascular risk factors,and unhealthy life style were found in the elderly hypertensive patients.The proportion of cardiovascular risk factors,the incidences of obesity,hyperlipidemia and smoking were 53%,44% and 46%,respectively,and that of unhealthy life style of in-creased high salt diet intake and lack of physical activity were 54

  19. [Pregnancy and traveling].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walentiny, C

    2009-03-01

    The second trimester is the safest time for travelling, because the pregnant woman feels generally most at ease and the risk of spontaneous abortion and pre-term labour is very low. Possible risks must be discussed with the obstetrician before travelling. If the pregnancy is uncomplicated most airlines allow flying up to the 36th (domestic flights) and 35th (international flights) week of gestation. Unless the fetal oxygen supply is already impaired at ground level due to an underlying disease, flying does not pose a risk of fetal hypoxia. Radiation exposure during a long distant flight is low compared to the average annual exposure dosage, but the risk of thrombosis is increased. Altitudes up to 2,500 m pose no problem. Sufficient time to acclimatize must be taken when travelling to high altitudes and exercise kept to a minimum. Scuba diving is contraindicated. Since only a few drugs are completely safe during pregnancy a thorough risk/benefit evaluation is mandatory. Treatment of infections can be considerably complicated, but any necessary treatment should not be withheld because of the fear of potential fetal injury. Good knowledge of local medical resources is essential before travelling. Several personal protective measures minimize the risk of infection: food and water precautions, protection from insect bites and avoidance of crowds, unsafe sex and, if need be, freshwater. Many vaccinations are recommended for travellers. However, live vaccines are contraindicated in pregnant women because of theoretical considerations. Exceptionally a yellow fever vaccination may be given after the first trimester. Killed, inactivated or polysaccharide vaccines can be given after the first trimester after a thorough risk/benefit evaluation. Because of the potentially devastating effect of malaria to the mother and the child, travelling to endemic malaria regions should be avoided. If the risk of infection is high chemoprophylaxis with mefloquine is indicated. In low

  20. [Viral hepatitis in travellers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abreu, Cândida

    2007-01-01

    Considering the geographical asymmetric distribution of viral hepatitis A, B and E, having a much higher prevalence in the less developed world, travellers from developed countries are exposed to a considerable and often underestimated risk of hepatitis infection. In fact a significant percentage of viral hepatitis occurring in developed countries is travel related. This results from globalization and increased mobility from tourism, international work, humanitarian and religious missions or other travel related activities. Several studies published in Europe and North America shown that more than 50% of reported cases of hepatitis A are travel related. On the other hand frequent outbreaks of hepatitis A and E in specific geographic areas raise the risk of infection in these restricted zones and that should be clearly identified. Selected aspects related with the distribution of hepatitis A, B and E are reviewed, particularly the situation in Portugal according to the published studies, as well as relevant clinical manifestations and differential diagnosis of viral hepatitis. Basic prevention rules considering enteric transmitted hepatitis (hepatitis A and hepatitis E) and parenteral transmitted (hepatitis B) are reviewed as well as hepatitis A and B immunoprophylaxis. Common clinical situations and daily practice "pre travel" advice issues are discussed according to WHO/CDC recommendations and the Portuguese National Vaccination Program. Implications from near future availability of a hepatitis E vaccine, a currently in phase 2 trial, are highlighted. Potential indications for travellers to endemic countries like India, Nepal and some regions of China, where up to 30% of sporadic cases of acute viral hepatitis are caused by hepatitis E virus, are considered. Continued epidemiological surveillance for viral hepatitis is essential to recognize and control possible outbreaks, but also to identify new viral hepatitis agents that may emerge as important global health

  1. Malaria prevention in travelers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genton, Blaise; D'Acremont, Valérie

    2012-09-01

    A common approach to malaria prevention is to follow the "A, B, C, D" rule: Awareness of risk, Bite avoidance, Compliance with chemoprophylaxis, and prompt Diagnosis in case of fever. The risk of acquiring malaria depends on the length and intensity of exposure; the risk of developing severe disease is primarily determined by the health status of the traveler. These parameters need to be assessed before recommending chemoprophylaxis and/or stand-by emergency treatment. This review discusses the different strategies and drug options available for the prevention of malaria during and post travel.

  2. Time a traveler's guide

    CERN Document Server

    Pickover, Clifford A

    1998-01-01

    ""Bucky Fuller thought big,"" Wired magazine recently noted, ""Arthur C. Clarke thinks big, but Cliff Pickover outdoes them both."" In his newest book, Cliff Pickover outdoes even himself, probing a mystery that has baffled mystics, philosophers, and scientists throughout history--What is the nature of time? In Time: A Traveler's Guide, Pickover takes readers to the forefront of science as he illuminates the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe--time itself. Is time travel possible? Is time real? Does it flow in one direction only? Does it have a beginning and an end? What is eternity? P

  3. Qualidade de vida em adolescentes asmáticos: avaliação da gravidade da asma, comorbidade e estilo de vida Quality of life of asthmatic adolescents: assessment of asthma severity, comorbidity, and life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia T. Nogueira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV de adolescentes asmáticos e sua associação com a gravidade da asma, doenças crônicas e estilo de vida. MÉTODO: Estudo seccional em 210 adolescentes asmáticos entre 12 e 21 anos de ambos os sexos. Utilizou-se questionário autopreenchível, o Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Variáveis explicativas: doenças alérgicas, uso de medicamentos, fumo passivo, trabalho, gravidade da asma e estilo de vida. As análises consideraram o desfecho dicotômico (QV boa/ruim a partir da média dos escores. Modelos lineares generalizados (log-binomial foram utilizados para o cálculo de razões de prevalência (RP brutas e ajustadas. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e seis por cento das meninas e 57% dos meninos apresentavam uma QV ruim. Não houve correlação entre doenças crônicas e QV ruim. Escolaridade baixa, uso de medicamentos, fumo passivo e trabalho tiveram relação estatisticamente significativa (p OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life (QoL of asthmatic adolescents and its association with asthma severity, chronic diseases, and life style. METHOD: Cross-sectional study involving 210 female and male asthmatic adolescents between 12 and 21 years old. The Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, a self-administered instrument, was used. Explanatory variables were: allergic diseases, use of medication, passive smoking, occupational status, asthma severity, and life style. The analyses considered the dichotomous outcome (good/poor QoL based on the mean scores. Generalized linear models (log-binomial were used to calculate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR. RESULTS: Forty-six per cent of the girls and 57% of the boys had poor QoL. There was no correlation between chronic diseases and poor QoL. Low educational level, use of medication, passive smoking, and occupational factors had a statistically significant association (p < 0.05 with poor QoL. The adjusted analysis showed that

  4. Hipertensão arterial entre funcionários de banco estatal no Rio de Janeiro. Hábitos de vida e tratamento High blood pressure among bank employees. Life-style and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dóra Chor

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estimar a freqüência de tratamento de hipertensão arterial e hábitos de vida relacionados à saúde, comparando-se hipertensos e não hipertensos. MÉTODOS: Estudo seccional em amostra sistemática de 1183 funcionários de banco estatal, no Rio de Janeiro, através de questionário autopreenchido. Medidas diretas da pressão arterial, peso e estatura foram tomadas em subamostra. Participantes informados por profissional de saúde, mais de uma vez, que eram hipertensos, foram classificados como hipertensos. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença importante entre hipertensos e não hipertensos, quanto à prevalência de tabagismo, consumo de álcool e atividades físicas. Entre os hipertensos com sobrepeso/obesidade, a prática de dieta foi mais freqüente do que entre não hipertensos com sobrepeso/obesidade. Apenas 44,7% dos hipertensos estavam sob tratamento, condição associada à alta escolaridade, ser ex-fumante, ter sobrepeso/obesidade ou história familiar de doenças cerebrovasculares. CONCLUSÃO: A disponibilidade de serviços de saúde e o acesso à informação não foram suficientes para garantir o tratamento ou adoção de hábitos de vida que contribuem para o controle da pressão arterial, no conjunto dos hipertensos.PURPOSE: This study estimates the frequency of treatment of high blood pressure and compares life-styles among hipertensives and non-hipertensives. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in a sistematic sample of 1183 employees in a government-owned bank in the State of Rio de Janeiro, through a self-administered questionnaire. Direct measurements of arterial pressure, weight and height were also taken in a sub-sample. Those who had been informed more than once as having high blood pressure, by a health professional, were classified as hipertensives. RESULTS: There were no important differences among hipertensives and non-hipertensives with respect to the prevalence of smoking, alcohol and physical activities

  5. Effects of a Multicomponent Life-Style Intervention on Weight, Glycemic Control, Depressive Symptoms, and Renal Function in Low-Income, Minority Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Results of the Community Approach to Lifestyle Modification for Diabetes Randomized Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moncrieft, Ashley E.; Llabre, Maria M.; McCalla, Judith Rey; Gutt, Miriam; Mendez, Armando J.; Gellman, Marc D.; Goldberg, Ronald B.; Schneiderman, Neil

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective Few interventions have combined life-style and psychosocial approaches in the context of Type 2 diabetes management. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a multicomponent behavioral intervention on weight, glycemic control, renal function, and depressive symptoms in a sample of overweight/obese adults with Type 2 diabetes and marked depressive symptoms. Methods A sample of 111 adults with Type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to a 1-year intervention (n = 57) or usual care (n = 54) in a parallel groups design. Primary outcomes included weight, glycosylated hemoglobin, and Beck Depression Inventory II score. Estimated glomerular filtration rate served as a secondary outcome. All measures were assessed at baseline and 6 and 12 months after randomization by assessors blind to randomization. Latent growth modeling was used to examine intervention effects on each outcome. Results The intervention resulted in decreased weight (mean [M] = 0.322 kg, standard error [SE] = 0.124 kg, p = .010) and glycosylated hemoglobin (M = 0.066%, SE = 0.028%, p = .017), and Beck Depression Inventory II scores (M = 1.009, SE = 0.226, p < .001), and improved estimated glomerular filtration rate (M = 0.742 ml·min−1·1.73 m−2, SE = 0.318 ml·min−1·1.73 m−2, p = .020) each month during the first 6 months relative to usual care. Conclusions Multicomponent behavioral interventions targeting weight loss and depressive symptoms as well as diet and physical activity are efficacious in the management of Type 2 diabetes. Trial Registration: This study is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov ID: NCT01739205. PMID:27359176

  6. Effect of cognitive status and life style on the prevalence of hypertension in the aged%老年人生活方式及认知状况对原发性高血压的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓芬; 孙丽华; 何洪波; 于瑞英; 周华东

    2003-01-01

    AIM:To explore the effect of cognitive status on hypertension and life style on the prevalence of hypertension in the aged in Chongqing communities. ETHODS:A total of 3 012 elderly residents aged 60 and over, randomly sampled by means of stratified cluster sampling from a Chongqing community cohort, were investigated. RESULTS:The cognitive status on hypertension in normal blood pressure group was 69.6% which was significantly higher than that in hypertension group(64.2% ).In the aged with a good cognition on hypertension,the proportions of drinking,smoking and high salt- intake were significantly decreased(Pearson χ 2 were 311.55,119.68,27.66,respectively,P0.05).Lifestyles such as smoking, high salt- intake,little exercise,everymonth- and everyday- drinking were significantly associated with the high prevalence of hypertension( Pearson χ 2 were 8.64,352.47,10.20,9.67,respectively, P0.05).吸烟、高盐摄入、很少运动和每天、每月饮酒的生活方式对高血压患病率增高有显著影响( Pearson χ 2值分别为 8.64,352.47,10.20,9.67, P< 0.01). 结论:高血压相关知识认知状况在高血压组和正常血压组之间明显不同,并影响着受试者的生活方式.吸烟、饮酒、高盐摄入和很少运动是高血压的重要危险因素.

  7. Better life, better work: implications about life style and working capability for sci-tech journal editors%生活精彩,工作才能精彩——18年编辑生涯感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁滨

    2013-01-01

    由于科技期刊工作的特点,长期从事科技期刊编辑工作容易出现焦虑、厌倦、淡漠情绪.认为:科技期刊编辑只有生活精彩,工作才能精彩.应保持生活的激情、思维的活力、怡情的爱好、写作的热情和优雅的形象.只要热爱生活,就能保持工作的动力与创意的源泉,灵感与思路、热情与干劲,让编辑工作在快乐愉悦中完成,实现自我效能的最佳发挥.%Some negative emotions such as anxiety,boredom and apathy are likely to occur among sci-tech journal editors who have been long engaged in this career due to the characteristics of journal editing work.Based on the author's experiences,it is believed that colorful life style can bring wonderful work.Sci-tech journal editors should keep intense passion to life,brisk thinking,cheerful hobbies,enthusiasm to writing,and gentle appearance.Editors will maintain passion of working,source of innovation,inspiration,thinking and enthusiasm if they love life,and can agreeably accomplish editor's career planning to show the best self-efficacy.

  8. Research on the Influence of Unhealthy Life Style on College Students' Health and Countermeasures%不良生活方式对高校学生健康影响及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨隽

    2012-01-01

    通过文献资料、问卷调查、数理统计等方法,对980名南京高等院校学生的生活方式现状进行了研究。结果表明:大多数被调查学生有着良好的日常生活习惯和方式,但也有相当比例的学生有抽烟、喝酒、膳食结构不合理、营养行为较差、入睡太晚、上网时间过长、运动时间缺乏等不良的习惯。并提出了相应的建议。旨在为学生形成健康的生活方式、健康教育等提供科学的依据。%Through literature,questionnaire survey,mathematical statistics method,the paper researches the current situation of 980 Nanjing college students' life style.These results show that: most students have a good daily habits and ways of life,but there also is a considerable proportion of students with smoking,drinking,with irrational diet structure,poor nutrition behavior,and sleeping too late or spending too much time on the Internet,movement time of bad habits.And this paper also puts forward the corresponding proposal designed for students to form a healthy lifestyle,health education and provide scientific basis.

  9. Unsteady planar diffusion flames: Ignition, travel, burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendell, F.; Wu, F.

    1995-01-01

    In microgravity, a thin planar diffusion flame is created and thenceforth travels so that the flame is situated at all times at an interface at which the hydrogen and oxygen meet in stoichiometric proportion. If the initial amount of hydrogen is deficient relative to the initial amount of oxygen, then the planar flame will travel further and further into the half volume initially containing hydrogen, until the hydrogen is (virtually) fully depleted. Of course, when the amount of residual hydrogen becomes small, the diffusion flame is neither vigorous nor thin; in practice, the flame is extinguished before the hydrogen is fully depleted, owing to the finite rate of the actual chemical-kinetic mechanism. The rate of travel of the hydrogen-air diffusion flame is much slower than the rate of laminar flame propagation through a hydrogen-air mixture. This slow travel facilitates diagnostic detection of the flame position as a function of time, but the slow travel also means that the time to burnout (extinction) probably far exceeds the testing time (typically, a few seconds) available in earth-sited facilities for microgravity-environment experiments. We undertake an analysis to predict (1) the position and temperature of the diffusion flame as a function of time, (2) the time at which extinction of the diffusion flame occurs, and (3) the thickness of quench layers formed on side walls (i.e., on lateral boundaries, with normal vectors parallel to the diffusion-flame plane), and whether, prior to extinction, water vapor formed by burning will condense on these cold walls.

  10. Changing living conditions, life style and health

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Curtis, Tine; Kvernmo, Siv; Bjerregaard, Peter

    2005-01-01

    Human health is the result of the interaction of genetic, nutritional, socio-cultural, economic, physical infrastructure and ecosystem factors. All of the individual, social, cultural and socioeconomic factors are influenced by the environment they are embedded in and by changes in this environme...

  11. Tattoos, Life Style and the Labor Market

    OpenAIRE

    Dillingh, Rik; Kooreman, Peter; Potters, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Placing a tattoo is a choice with potentially significant and long-lasting social and economic consequences. In this study we look at the factors determining the decision to place a tattoo and combine this with several outcomes, such as income and employment status, living together with a partner, (perceived) health and substance use. The analyses are based on unique panel data of a representative sample of Dutch individuals. The tattooed population differs significantly from the non-tattooed...

  12. Homosexuality--Illness or Life-Style?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Paul J.

    1975-01-01

    Addresses the issues of the labeling and selective discrimination of homosexuals. Psychiatry is encouraged to adhere to the medical model and treat the homosexual patient who is in conflict and motivated by inner turmoil and distress rather than assuming the job of society's regulator and the judge of acceptable behavior. (Author)

  13. [Cardiovascular disease prevention and life style modifications].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baudet, M; Daugareil, C; Ferrieres, J

    2012-04-01

    Cardiovascular diseases are mainly caused by atherosclerosis, the development of which is highly dependent on our Western lifestyle. Slowing this pathology depends on the reduction of risk factors such as hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, smoking, lack of physical activity, excess weight and diabetes. Drug treatment exists and is very effective, but too often they treat the immediate abnormality such as diabetes, high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia and not the underlying causes: poor eating habits, lack of physical activity and excess weight. These have a negative impact on endothelial function, oxidative stress, and can trigger inflammation, arrythmias and thrombosis. Cardiovascular prevention must therefore target sedentary lifestyle, excess weight, and favor low-calorie, low-salt food and Mediterranean diet. The way this diet works begins to be understood and goes beyond simple cardiovascular prevention. Therapeutic education holds a growing and complementary role in the Public Health system which should call upon the strengths of all healthcare professionals.

  14. Food-related life style in Spain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bredahl, Lone; Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.;

    1996-01-01

    to a small extent be described by means of demographic characteristics. 4. The adventurous food consumers constitute 20% of the population. These are involved food consumers who like both shopping for food and cooking, and who are constantly on the lookout for new products and recipes. They attach a lot...... a lot of energy into shopping and cooking, both of which are highly planned. These food consumers go after high quality natural product keep a watchful eye on prices. 9. The enthusiastic food consumers, followed by the rational food consumers, care most about ecology, animal welfare and genetic...... of importance to the social role of food. 5. The conservative food consumers constitute 26% of the population. Security is an important purchasing motive for these food consumers, which is reflected in the fact that they only buy familiar products, and cook and eat food traditionally. Apart from this...

  15. Food-related life style in Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1995-01-01

    and spontaneity: They plan ver little, and are often tempted by new products - as long as they don't require a greater effort or new cooking skills. 5. The conservative food consumers stand for 18% of the population. Food is an important part of these consumers' lives. Food and food products create stability...... and security in their lives. This is reflected in the careful planning of both shopping and cooking, and an aversion to anything new. Taste is a prominent criterion influencing choice. 6. The rational food consumers stand for 26% of the population. Food and food products are an important part...... as healthiness and ecological/naturalness. New products are not interesting in themselves, unless they represent improvem the above-mentioned characteristics. Innovation is expected more from cooking than from shopping. 7. The adventurous food consumers stand for 24% of the population. Food and food products...

  16. Food-related life style in France

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1995-01-01

    . The conservative food consumers stand for 13% of the population. Food is an important part of these consumers' lives. Food and food products create stability and security in their lives. This is reflected in the careful planning of both shopping and cooking, and an aversion to anything ne Taste is a prominent...... to an interested-critical shopping behaviour, which is characterized by a strong interest in product information, price, and such major quality aspects as healthiness ecological/naturalness. New products are not interesting in themselves, unless they represent improvements on the above-mentioned characteristics...... criterion influencing choice. 6. The rational food consumers stand for 35% of the population. Food and food products are an important part of these consumers' lives, and are essential for achieving such basic values as self-fulfilment, recognition, social togetherness and security. This gives rise...

  17. Efficient Technology and Appropriate Life-styles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    1998-01-01

    wealthy countries. Similarly, examples of alternatives to Gross Domestic Product as an indicator of progress show steady declines in the countries with high GDP, which is suggesting a decline in the efficiencies in the economies and the lifestyles. The potentials for reducing electricity consumption...

  18. Beijing Time Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ROBERT; T.TUOHEY

    2010-01-01

    Daily travel within Beijing need not be anymore troublesome than going about any major metropolis.Simply,certain basic facts need to be kept in mind,and ordinary precautions taken.Essentially,it’s the same situation as midtown Manhattan or downtown Tokyo,except everyone’s speaking Chinese.

  19. Beijing Time Travel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ROBERT T.TUOHEY

    2010-01-01

    @@ Dally travel within Beijing need not be anymore troublesome than going about any major metropolis.Simply,certain basic facts need to be kept in mind,and ordinary precautions taken.Essentially,it's the same situation as midtown Manhattan or downtown Tokyo,except everyone's speaking Chinese.

  20. Flu and Holiday Travel

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-12-13

    This podcast explains the ways people can stay healthy and avoid the flu when traveling this winter.  Created: 12/13/2010 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 12/13/2010.

  1. Travel Inside the Ear

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Search form Search A–Z Index Español Menu Home Health Info Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness Balance ... Committees Contact Us Get Involved You are here Home » Health Info » Hearing, Ear Infections, and Deafness Travel ...

  2. Travel Inside the Ear

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Deafness Travel Inside the Ear Video When sound waves reach your ear, you know you've heard ... the sound through the hair cells to your brain. Last Updated Date: July 30, 2014 Languages Español ...

  3. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis B

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... developing world and transmission of bloodborne pathogens: a review. Bull World Health Organ. 1999;77(10):789–800. Chapter 3 - ...

  4. Valuation of travel time for international long-distance travel - results from the Fehmarn Belt stated choice experiment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mabit, Stefan Lindhard; Rich, Jeppe; Burge, Peter;

    2013-01-01

    significant interactions among travel cost and time, and journey characteristics, such as distance and duration. This had direct impact on the VTTS, which was shown to decrease with distance and duration. Thirdly, we found that air travel implies a higher average VTTS, which is to be expected but rarely...... on the Fehmarn Belt fixed link between Germany and Denmark to be opened in 2021. To facilitate long-term demand forecasts for the future fixed link, stated preference data were collected in 2011. Based on these data a discrete choice model for long-distance travellers was developed in order to estimate the value...... of travel time savings (VTTS). The final model, which was formulated as a nested logit model and included Box–Cox transformed travel time and cost attributes, revealed several interesting findings. Firstly, we found damping effects in both cost and time – most strongly in cost. Secondly, we found...

  5. The Tourist Itinerary Travel Loop: historical and contemporary travel characteristics

    OpenAIRE

    Lundgren, Jan O.

    2012-01-01

    In today’s tourist travel, the travel loop represents a very popular itinerary design, although the circumstances under which it is applied, as well as its geographic scale, often differ from the grandiose loop designs of centuries past. During the past couple of decades, a popular kind of new travel has emerged, the cruise-ship travel phenomenon, which often is arranged as quite an extensive itinerary loop. . However, the cruises can also be transoceanic, even global, with the tourist flying...

  6. Valuation of Travel Time and TravelIer Information

    OpenAIRE

    Rietveld, Piet

    2003-01-01

    The value of travel time plays an important role in cost benefit analysis of infrastructureprojects. However, the issue of uncertainty on travel times and the implications this has forestimations of travel time values has received much less attention in the literature. In thispaper we compare various modelling approaches to address uncertainty and demonstrate thatignoring uncertainty issues may easily lead to distorted estimates of values of travel time. Thisis of special relevance in public ...

  7. Do British travel agents provide adequate health advice for travellers?

    OpenAIRE

    Lawlor, D A; J. Burke; Bouskill, E; Conn, G; Edwards, P.; Gillespie, D.

    2000-01-01

    Travel-related illness is a burden for primary care, with more than two million travellers consulting a general practitioner each year. The annual cost of travel-related illness in the United Kingdom is 11 million Pounds. Travel agents are in a unique position to influence this burden as the most common and most serious problems are preventable with simple advice and/or immunisation. This study, using covert researchers, suggests this potential is not being fully utilised.

  8. Valuation of Travel Time and TravelIer Information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietveld, Piet

    2003-01-01

    The value of travel time plays an important role in cost benefit analysis of infrastructureprojects. However, the issue of uncertainty on travel times and the implications this has forestimations of travel time values has received much less attention in the literature. In thispaper we compare variou

  9. Evaluating School Travel Initiatives and Promoting "Healthy Travel" through PSHCE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baslington, Hazel

    2010-01-01

    The number of primary school children travelling to school by car in the UK has almost doubled from 22% to 43% in 20 years. A governmental policy response is school travel plans (STPs). This paper reports the findings of an empirical evaluation designed to measure the effectiveness of the travel initiative at three schools. Quantitative and…

  10. Transferring 2001 National Household Travel Survey

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [ORNL; Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL; Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL

    2007-05-01

    Policy makers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and to accommodate future demand. These data are also needed to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-mitigating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, and intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. In 2001, the survey was renamed the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) and it collected both daily and long-distance trips. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel were not part of the survey. Due to the survey's design, data in the NHTS survey series were not recommended for estimating travel statistics for categories smaller than the combination of Census division (e.g., New

  11. Travel opinion leaders and seekers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoo, Kyung-Hyan; Gretzel, Ulrike; Zach, Florian

    2011-01-01

    While opinion leadership has been recognized as important in tourism, there has been very little empirical research investigating the phenomenon. Given new developments in social media technologies, it is especially important to understand whether travel opinion leadership and seeking are drivers...... of specific social media perceptions and behaviours. Based on an online survey of US online travellers, this paper seeks to identify travel opinion leaders and seekers and their characteristics. Further, the research conducted investigated linkages between travel opinion leadership/seeking and travel social...... media use. The findings suggest that travel opinion leadership and seeking are distinct but connected. Both opinion leaders and seekers are technology savvy, young, educated, involved in travel planning and engaged in social media use for travel. What distinguishes opinion leaders is their greater...

  12. Travelers' Health: Injuries and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Visiting Friends and Family in Areas with Chikungunya, Dengue, or Zika Travel to the Olympics Infographic: Olympic ... 297–307. Sleet DA, Balaban V. Travel medicine: preventing injuries to children. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2013 ...

  13. Travel and Adventure Medicine Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, Christopher A; Pottinger, Paul S

    2016-03-01

    Given the ever-changing nature of travel medicine, practitioners who provide pretravel and posttravel care are obligatorily students for the duration of their professional careers. A large variety of resources are available for medical practitioners. Providers should join at least one travel or tropical medicine professional association, attend its annual meeting, and read its journal. The largest general travel medicine association is the International Society of Travel Medicine.

  14. Evidence on global medical travel

    OpenAIRE

    Ruggeri, Kai; Záliš, Ladislav; Meurice, Christopher R; Hilton, Ian; Ly, Terry-Lisa; Zupan, Zorana; Hinrichs, Saba

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The potential benefits of travelling across national borders to obtain medical treatment include improved care, decreased costs and reduced waiting times. However, medical travel involves additional risks, compared to obtaining treatment domestically. We review the publicly-available evidence on medical travel. We suggest that medical travel needs to be understood in terms of its potential risks and benefits so that it can be evaluated against alternatives by patients who are seeking...

  15. Travel and Adventure Medicine Resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanford, Christopher A; Pottinger, Paul S

    2016-03-01

    Given the ever-changing nature of travel medicine, practitioners who provide pretravel and posttravel care are obligatorily students for the duration of their professional careers. A large variety of resources are available for medical practitioners. Providers should join at least one travel or tropical medicine professional association, attend its annual meeting, and read its journal. The largest general travel medicine association is the International Society of Travel Medicine. PMID:26900122

  16. Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?

    OpenAIRE

    Tainio, Marko; de Nazelle, Audrey; Götschi, Thomas; Kahlmeier, Sonja; Rojas-Rueda, David; Nieuwenhuijse, Mark J; Sa, Thiago H; Kelly, Paul; Woodcock, James

    2016-01-01

    Objectives: Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active travel may increase the intake of air pollution, leading to negative health consequences. We examined the risk-benefit balance between active travel related PA and exposure to air pollution across a range of air pollution and PA scenarios. Methods: The health effects of active travel and air pollution were estimated through changes in all-cause mortality for different...

  17. Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking?

    OpenAIRE

    Tainio, Marko; De Nazelle, Audrey; Götschi, Thomas; Kahlmeier, Sonja; Rojas-Rueda, David; Nieuwenhuijse, Mark J; Sa, Thiago H; Kelly, Paul; Woodcock, James

    2016-01-01

    Active travel (cycling, walking) is beneficial for the health due to increased physical activity (PA). However, active travel may increase the intake of air pollution, leading to negative health consequences. We examined the risk–benefit balance between active travel related PA and exposure to air pollution across a range of air pollution and PA scenarios. The health effects of active travel and air pollution were estimated through changes in all-cause mortality for different levels of active...

  18. [The fever of international travel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hristea, Adriana; Luka, A I; Aramă, Victoria; Moroti, Ruxandra

    2008-01-01

    Between 20 and 70 percent of the 50 million people who travel from the industrialized world to the developing world each year report some illness associated with their travel. Although most illness reported by travellers are mild, 20-70% of travellers become ill enough to seek medical attention, either during or immediately after travel. The full spectrum of health complaints is unknown. Nevertheless the usual presentation of a returned traveller is a particular syndrome-fever, respiratory infection, diarrhoea, eosinophilia, or skin and soft tissue infection- or screening for asymptomatic infection. The most common diseases diagnosed in returning travellers are more often of cosmopolitan than exotic origin. However, fever in returned travelers always should raise suspicion for a severe or potentially life-threatening tropical infection. Therefore, fever in a returned traveller requires prompt investigation focused on infections that are life-threatening, treatable or transmissible. Careful assessment of the travel history, likely incubation period, exposure history, associated signs and symptoms, duration of fever, immunization status, use or non-use of antimalarial chemoprophylaxis and degree of compliance with the prescribed regimen, if used, helps to establish the diagnosis. Determining an approximate incubation period can be particularly helpful in ruling out possible causes of fever. Malaria is the most important cause of fever in the returned traveller. While most travel-related infections present within 6 months of return, some infections with long latent periods or potential for lifetime persistence might be seen in those who have lived abroad. PMID:20201239

  19. CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

    CERN Multimedia

    CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL

    2004-01-01

    CARLSON WAGONLIT TRAVEL would like to remind you of the entry formalities applicable to those travelling to the United States. Nationals of Switzerland and of the following countries : Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, entering the United States under the Visa Waiver Program (no visa requirement), must be in possession of an machine-readable passport that is valid for at least six months after the date of the return trip. Children, including infants, must have their own passport. An entry in the parents' passport is not sufficient. For entry into the United States, an e-ticket (fax or e-mail confirmation or passenger receipt) or a return ticket to the departure point or a ticket to a subsequent onward destination (valid for 90 days) must be presented together with the green ...

  20. Leisure and Travel Choice

    OpenAIRE

    María José Caride; Eduardo L. Giménez

    2003-01-01

    It is commonly recognized the relevance of transportation costs for studying recre- ational demand. However, these costs are related with travel and modal choice deci- sions. This paper o ers a theoretical explanation of the new generation of the demand for recreational goods at destiny after the introduction of a new transportation mode that is not the cheapest nor the fastest among the available modes. The main feature of the model deals with the transportation mode-dependent preferences. T...

  1. Malaria and Tropical Travel

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2008-05-15

    Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease that can lead to death. This podcast discusses malaria risk when traveling to tropical areas, as well as how to protect yourself and your family from malaria infection.  Created: 5/15/2008 by National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases (NCZVED).   Date Released: 5/29/2008.

  2. Active Travel Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Burbidge, Shaunna K; Goulias, Konstadinos G.

    2008-01-01

    Physical inactivity has become a dominant feature of most American’s lives over the past quarter century. This has spurred an entire research domain straddling several different disciplines. Although model development within the field of travel behavior as a whole continues today with more momentum than ever, the focus on active mode choice has largely been overlooked and left to a small fragment of transportation and public health researchers. Research regarding active mode choice has been...

  3. Aging and space travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohler, S. R.

    1982-01-01

    The matter of aging and its relation to space vehicle crewmembers undertaking prolonged space missions is addressed. The capabilities of the older space traveler to recover from bone demineralization and muscle atrophy are discussed. Certain advantages of the older person are noted, for example, a greater tolerance of monotony and repetitious activities. Additional parameters are delineated including the cardiovascular system, the reproductive system, ionizing radiation, performance, and group dynamics.

  4. Diversity does not travel!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Rebecca; Meriläinen, Susan; Tienari, Janne

    2014-01-01

    In this chapter we offer insights into the social construction of diversity in Finnish organizations and society. In Finnish organizations, gender is highlighted while other markers of diversity are blotted out. 'Non-Finns' become subject to cultural assimilation. The US-based concept of Diversity...... Management becomes adopted and adapted in particular ways. Standardized concepts of diversity and its management do not travel, rather they become translated locally. In organizational practice, globalization is slow and laborious....

  5. Time - A Traveler's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickover, Clifford A.

    1999-09-01

    "Bucky Fuller thought big," Wired magazine recently noted, "Arthur C. Clarke thinks big, but Cliff Pickover outdoes them both." In his newest book, Cliff Pickover outdoes even himself, probing a mystery that has baffled mystics, philosophers, and scientists throughout history--What is the nature of time?In Time: A Traveler's Guide , Pickover takes readers to the forefront of science as he illuminates the most mysterious phenomenon in the universe--time itself. Is time travel possible? Is time real? Does it flow in one direction only? Does it have a beginning and an end? What is eternity? Pickover's book offers a stimulating blend of Chopin, philosophy, Einstein, and modern physics, spiced with diverting side-trips to such topics as the history of clocks, the nature of free will, and the reason gold glitters. Numerous diagrams ensure readers will have no trouble following along.By the time we finish this book, we understand a wide variety of scientific concepts pertaining to time. And most important, we will understand that time travel is, indeed, possible.

  6. When CERN travels abroad

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    For the first time the new CERN travelling exhibition has gone abroad. The venue is Torino, in Italy, where it is being shown at the Museum of Natural Science in the framework of the activities of the EuroScience Open Forum (ESOF 2010). Soon after the event, the exhibition will fly to Copenhagen. The CERN traveling exhibition was inaugurated in 2009. The new ‘Accelerating Science’ exhibition was inaugurated in 2009 as part of the celebrations to mark the 450th anniversary of the University of Geneva. “CERN’s travelling exhibition is an important tool for outreach in our Member states as it carries the main messages that constitute the backbone of the Laboratory’s education and communication policy”, explains Rolf Landua, head of the Education Group, which manages the exhibition. “The 2010 European Science Open Forum in Torino will gather a lot of experts and visitors from the general public who will be able to experience in an ...

  7. Superconducting traveling wave accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This note considers the applicability of superconductivity to traveling wave accelerators. Unlike CW operation of a superconducting standing wave or circulating wave accelerator section, which requires improvement factors (superconductor conductivity divided by copper conductivity) of about 106 in order to be of practical use, a SUperconducting TRaveling wave Accelerator, SUTRA, operating in the pulsed mode requires improvement factors as low as about 103, which are attainable with niobium or lead at 4.2K, the temperature of liquid helium at atmospheric pressure. Changing from a copper traveling wave accelerator to SUTRA achieves the following. (1) For a given gradient SUTRA reduces the peak and average power requirements typically by a factor of 2. (2) SUTRA reduces the peak power still further because it enables us to increase the filling time and thus trade pulse width for gradient. (3) SUTRA makes possible a reasonably long section at higher frequencies. (4) SUTRA makes possible recirculation without additional rf average power. 8 references, 6 figures, 1 table

  8. Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Carlson Wagonlit Travel wishes to remind you of the following conditions concerning travel to the USA. Passport conditions Since 26 October 2004, nationals of the countries covered by the US Visa Waiver Programme have been required to present a valid machine-readable passport when entering the United States. Failing this, they require a valid US non-immigrant visa in addition to their passport. Passports issued after 25 October 2005 must also bear a digital photograph. Passports issued after 25 October 2006 must contain biometric data to allow visa-free entry to the US. Advanced Passenger Information System (APIS) form Since 4 October 2005, all non-US citizens travelling to the USA have been required to complete the APIS form before departure and present it when they check in. This new procedure will certainly increase the time it takes to check in. We therefore advise passengers to present themselves at the respective check-in desk in good time. The APIS form can be downloaded from our homepage: w...

  9. Multifactor analysis of abnormal bone density and life style in young and middle-aged people%中青年人群超声骨密度异常与生活方式的多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常丹; 王秀萍; 张红利; 王倩; 李小珍

    2014-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the relationship between abnormal bone density detected by Ultra-sonic apparatus and life style in young and middle-aged people .Methods :690 patients ,aging 20-45 years old ,under-went bone density assessment by Ultrasonic apparatus .Normal bone density was detected in 571 patients .Low bone mass was detected in 97 patients .Osteoporosis was detected in 22 patients .Questionnaire survey was carried out and the data was analyzed using SPSS 13 .0 software .Results :Logistic regression analysis reveals that abnormal bone density was positive correlation with long-term unreasonable diet ,lack of exercise ,obesity ,long-term smoking and drinking .Conclusion :Risk factors of abnormal bone density in young and middle-aged people include long-term unreasonable diet ,lack of exercise ,obesity ,long-term smoking and drinking .%目的:探讨中青年人群生活方式引起骨密度异常的危险因素。方法:选取年龄20~45岁体检者690例进行超声骨密度测定,其中骨密度正常者571例,低骨量者97例,骨质疏松者22例。通过问卷调查收集数据资料,使用SPSS 13.0从生活方式上进行多元Logistic回归分析。结果:Logistic回归分析显示,超声骨密度结果异常与长期膳食不合理、缺乏运动、肥胖、饮酒、吸烟呈正相关。结论:中青年人骨密度异常的危险因素包括长期善食不合理、缺乏运动、肥胖、饮酒、吸烟等。

  10. The Characteristics And Developing Trend Of Sports Life Style In The Micro Era%“微”时代体育生活方式特征与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐; 卞新芳

    2015-01-01

    With the popularity of network technology , people's sports lifestyle deeply affected gradually .Based on the literature as the main research methods , such as the"micro age"social development studied influence people's way of life, analyses the "micro age"to the positive and negative effects of the mass sports lifestyle , summari-zing the "micro age"public sports lifestyle were proposed based on the main problems existing in the sports lifes-tyle "micro"era development trend as follows: to build perfect network sports service information platform;Strengthen the network sports fitness the combination of sports organizations and activity organization and reality ;U-sing the network platform , to strengthen the propaganda and popularization of science construction equipment facili -ties;Reasonable consumption , advocate thrift the mainstream of health sports life style and so on .%随着网络技术的普及,民众的体育生活方式逐渐受到深刻影响。以文献资料等为主要研究方法,对“微时代”社会发展对民众生活方式的影响进行了研究,分析了“微时代”对大众体育生活方式带来的积极与消极影响,在总结“微时代”民众体育生活方式中存在的主要问题基础上提出了“微时代“体育生活方式的如下发展趋势:构建完善的网络体育服务信息平台;加强网络体育健身组织与现实体育组织与活动的结合;利用网络平台,加强科学建设器材设施的宣传与普及;合理消费,倡导节俭健康的主流体育生活方式等。

  11. Correlation between mental health and sports life style of vocational college students%高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯海燕; 谈群林

    2011-01-01

    Selecting the students coming from Jiangmen Vocational and Technical College as object, the paper surveys the constitution of their mental health and sports life style through the method of questionnaire and so on in order to comprehend it and explore their relationship. The results showed that: vocational college students are in poor mental health, there was asignificant difference in factors of sports lifestyle and mental health such as gender, grade, source areas and so on; sports lifestyle was highly correlated with the construction of mental health in general. It suggests that vocational college should consider the reality of students physical life and promote the formation of a good sports lifestyle in order to enhance the healthy development of their physical and mental health.%摘要:本研究以高职大学生为对象,采用问卷法访谈法等对其体育生活方式及心理健康进行调查,以了解高职大学生体育生活方式与心理健康状况,探讨其体育生活方式与心理健康的关系。结果表明:高职大学生的心理健康状况不佳;体育生活方式与心理健康状况的一些因子在性别、年级、来源地域等方面存在显著差异;体育生活方式与心理健康状况在总体上高度相关。建议学院从学生的体育生活实际出发,促进学生良好体育生活方式的养成,以增进其身心的健康发展。

  12. Evidence on global medical travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruggeri, Kai; Záliš, Ladislav; Meurice, Christopher R; Hilton, Ian; Ly, Terry-Lisa; Zupan, Zorana; Hinrichs, Saba

    2015-11-01

    The potential benefits of travelling across national borders to obtain medical treatment include improved care, decreased costs and reduced waiting times. However, medical travel involves additional risks, compared to obtaining treatment domestically. We review the publicly-available evidence on medical travel. We suggest that medical travel needs to be understood in terms of its potential risks and benefits so that it can be evaluated against alternatives by patients who are seeking care. We propose three domains -quality standards, informed decision-making, economic and legal protection - in which better evidence could support the development of medical travel policies. PMID:26549906

  13. Superluminal travel requires negative energies

    OpenAIRE

    Olum, Ken D.

    1998-01-01

    I investigate the relationship between faster-than-light travel and weak-energy-condition violation, i.e., negative energy densities. In a general spacetime it is difficult to define faster-than-light travel, and I give an example of a metric which appears to allow superluminal travel, but in fact is just flat space. To avoid such difficulties, I propose a definition of superluminal travel which requires that the path to be traveled reach a destination surface at an earlier time than any neig...

  14. Staying Healthy While You Travel (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pregnant? Your Baby's Growth Staying Healthy While You Travel KidsHealth > For Parents > Staying Healthy While You Travel ... your family prepares to travel. Special Considerations for Travel Abroad If you're heading overseas, start preparing ...

  15. Just the Facts: Traveling on Dialysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Just the Facts: Traveling on Dialysis Why is travel important to me? Travel, especially for vacation, is fun! Changing your routines and seeing ... places is refreshing, and can lift your spirits. Travel allows you to stay close to special people ...

  16. Home range and travels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickel, L.F.; King, John A.

    1968-01-01

    The concept of home range was expressed by Seton (1909) in the term 'home region,' which Burr (1940, 1943) clarified with a definition of home range and exemplified in a definitive study of Peromyscus in the field. Burt pointed out the ever-changing characteristics of home-range area and the consequent absence of boundaries in the usual sense--a finding verified by investigators thereafter. In the studies summarized in this paper, sizes of home ranges of Peromyscus varied within two magnitudes, approximately from 0.1 acre to ten acres, in 34 studies conducted in a variety of habitats from the seaside dunes of Florida to the Alaskan forests. Variation in sizes of home ranges was correlated with both environmental and physiological factors; with habitat it was conspicuous, both in the same and different regions. Food supply also was related to size of home range, both seasonally and in relation to habitat. Home ranges generally were smallest in winter and largest in spring, at the onset of the breeding season. Activity and size also were affected by changes in weather. Activity was least when temperatures were low and nights were bright. Effects of rainfall were variable. Sizes varied according to sex and age; young mice remained in the parents' range until they approached maturity, when they began to travel more widely. Adult males commonly had larger home ranges than females, although there were a number of exceptions. An inverse relationship between population density and size of home range was shown in several studies and probably is the usual relationship. A basic need for activity and exploration also appeared to influence size of home range. Behavior within the home range was discussed in terms of travel patterns, travels in relation to home sites and refuges, territory, and stability of size of home range. Travels within the home range consisted of repeated use of well-worn trails to sites of food, shelter, and refuge, plus more random exploratory travels

  17. Investigation on knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles among community health care workers in Dongcheng District, Beijing%北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁; 何民富; 王宝华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行情况,为全民健康生活方式活动提供建议.方法 随机抽取北京市东城区社区医护人员132名,采用面对面询问方法进行调查.结果 北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式知晓率除全民健康生活日时间(22.5%)和千步活动量定义(10.8%)认知较低外,其余均高于65.0%;对不健康生活方式与高血压、冠心病、糖尿病、肿瘤、高血脂、脑卒中有关的态度认同率均高于65.0%;除锻炼(25.8%)和参与社区居民健康生活行动(57.5%)较低外,其余健康生活方式行为发生率均高于70.0%.40岁以下的社区医护人员对体质指数(BMI)计算方法、“全民健康生活日时间”的知晓率高于40岁及以上人员,而锻炼的行为发生率低于40岁及以上人员.结论 北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行水平较高,但对40岁及以上者应加强理论指导和培训,对40岁以下者应加强锻炼教育的宣传力度,促使社区医护人员在全民健康生活方式活动中更好地发挥指导和示范作用.%Objective To understand the level of knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles among community health care workers, and provide suggestions on conduction of Public Healthy life Styles Movement Methods A total number of 132 community health care workers were selected randomly from Dongcheng District, Beijing. A questionnaire investigation was conducted by face-to-face. Results The awareness of knowledge related to healthy life styles were all over 65.0% , except " Public Health Life Style Day" (22.5% ) and " Thousand-step Activity " (10. 8% ). The proportions of respondents who believed unhealthy life styles were related to hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, cancer, hyperlipemia as well as stroke were all over 65.0%. The proportions of subjects who practiced healthy life styles were all over 70

  18. Correlation research on life style, work pressure, quality of life of nurse in department of thoracic surgery%胸外科护士生活方式及其与工作压力、生活质量的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳燕; 陈宁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate correlation of life style,work pressure,quality of life of nurse in department of thoracic surgery.Methods 61 nurses in Department of Thoracic Surgery of General Hospital of PLA from January 2009 to December 2010 were selected and divided according to age,night shift,technical post.All the nurses were investigated by general questionnaire,lifestyle questionnaire,job stressors scale,living quality measuring scale.Data was analyzed by software SPSS 16.0; correlation of life style,work pressure,quality of life was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results According to sequence in ≤ 30 years,>30-40 years,>40 years,life style score and quality of life score increased significantly,while work pressure score decreased significantly; according to sequence without night work,with night work,life style score and quality of life score decreased significantly,while work pressure score increased significantly; according to sequence in deputy director nurse,charge nurse,nurse,life style score and quality of life score decreased significantly,while work pressure score increased significantly; the differences with each other were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Negative correlation was found between life style and work pressure in each index (P < 0.05).Positive correlation was found between life style and quality of life in each index (P < 0.05).Conclusion Life style of nurses in department of thoracic surgery is better,quality of life is higher,working pressure is lower.Life style and work pressure have negative relation.Life style and quality of life have positive relation.%目的 探讨胸外科护士生活方式及其与工作压力、生活质量的相关性.方法 选取2009年1月~2010年12月在解放军总医院胸外科护士61名,按年龄、夜班情况、职称分类,分别行一般情况调查表、生活方式调查表、工作压力源量表、生活质量评定量表调查,数据资料运用SPSS 16.0软件进行

  19. 上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现况评价%Evaluation of health life style among residents in Baoshan District,Shanghai City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱燕红; 蔡忠元; 王路; 龚玉珍; 徐世源

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand status of the residents health life style in Baoshan District of Shanghai, and provide scientific basis to make related intervention measures. Methods Using multi-staged stratified random sampling method, 507 residents were enrolled and a household questionnaire survey was carried out in Baoshan District. Results The percentage of respondents who heard of national health lifestyle action and action catchword was 51. 6% and 58. 2% , respectively. More than 80% of respondents believed that healthy lifestyle should include reasonable diet, regular exercise, smoking quit and limited alcohol drinking. The awareness rates of balanced meal and normal blood pressure value range were higher, accounting for 92. 2% and 82. 6% . The awareness rate of moderate intensity aerobic exercise judgment standard, recommended adult physical activity level and date of the health life action were 8. 0% , 19. 8% and 20. 8% . Percentages of agreeing all health life styles were more than 65. 0% , except consciously controlling weight, which accounted for 47. 0% . Percentages of residents who often ate fresh vegetables and fruits in the past week were 90. 4% and 64. 6%. The prevalence rate of using limit salt spoon, limit oil pot and tape for BMI (Body Mass Index) or waistline was 32. 8% , 24.6% and 14. 0% , respectively. Utilization ratio of tape for BMI in women was higher than that in men (P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion The prevalence rates of awareness and behaviors among residents in Baoshan District, Shanghai City were both at a lower level. Popularization of health knowledge, health concepts should be further improved to form health behavior gradually.%目的 了解上海市宝山区居民健康生活方式现状,为制定相关干预措施提供科学依据.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样的方法,对507名常住居民入户进行问卷调查,用率的描述与χ2检验.结果 调查对象听说过全民健康生活方式行动及行动口号分别为51.6%

  20. 上海黄浦区社区糖调节异常居民生活方式干预效果评价%Life style interventions study on the effects of impaired glucose regulations in Shanghai urban communities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建军

    2011-01-01

    目的 评价生活方式干预对中国城市社区糖调节异常人群的效果.方法 随机整群抽取上海黄浦区2个社区,将社区232名>35岁糖调节异常居民随机分配至运动干预组(58人)、膳食干预组(57人)、综合干预(运动+膳食)组(59人)和对照组(58人),接受6个月的干预.在研究开始和结束时对所有研究对象进行体格检查和生化指标检测(包括空腹血糖、OGTT、HbA1c、总胆固醇等).结果 与对照组相比,无论是运动干预、膳食干预还是两者结合的综合干预.社区IGR居民的空腹血糖、OGTT、HbA1c、总胆固醇、BMI、WHR和血压均明显降低(P<0.05);运动干预组和综合干预组血脂的降低亦有统计学差异(P<0.05);高密度脂蛋白只有综合干预组观察到了有统计学意义的增加(P<0.05);而不同干预组之间低密度脂蛋白的改变均未发现统计学差异.对照组的糖尿病6个月累积发病率为8.6%,而各干预组中均未发现糖尿病,差别有统计学意义(Fisher精确P=0.002);对照组6个月累积的血糖转为正常率为3.4%,低于各干预组(分别为8.6%,14.0%和16.9%),但是只有综合干预组的差别有统计学意义(OR=5.74,95%CI1.19~27.64,P=0.029).结论 短期生活方式干预可以改善上海市社区糖调节异常居民的代谢相关指标,降低糖尿病的发病风险和促进向正常血糖转化,特别是综合干预措施效果明显.%Objective To access the effects of life style interventions on impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in Shanghai urban communities, China.Method Two communities were randomly cluster-sampled to be carried out epidemiologlcal intervention trial.Totally, 232 subjects with IGR were randomly allocated into 4 groups: control group,sports intervention group, diet intervention group, and sports and diet intervention group with the physical examinations in the baseline and end of this study respectively.Tests for fasting blood glucose, OGTT, HbA1c, total cholesterol

  1. The SUN S TRAVELS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert; Louis; Stevenson

    2005-01-01

    The sun is not a-bed, when I At night upon my pillow lie; Stilt round the earth his Way he takes, And morning after morning makes. White here at home, in shining day, We round the sunny garden play, Each tittle Indian sleepy - head Is being kissed and put to bed. And When at eve I rise from tea, Day dawns beyond the Atlantic Sea; And all the children in the West Are getting up and being dressed.The SUN'S TRAVELS@Robert Louis Stevenson

  2. Beyond "medical tourism": Canadian companies marketing medical travel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Turner Leigh

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite having access to medically necessary care available through publicly funded provincial health care systems, some Canadians travel for treatment provided at international medical facilities as well as for-profit clinics found in several Canadian provinces. Canadians travel abroad for orthopaedic surgery, bariatric surgery, ophthalmologic surgery, stem cell injections, “Liberation therapy” for multiple sclerosis, and additional interventions. Both responding to public interest in medical travel and playing an important part in promoting the notion of a global marketplace for health services, many Canadian companies market medical travel. Methods Research began with the goal of locating all medical tourism companies based in Canada. Various strategies were used to find such businesses. During the search process it became apparent that many Canadian business promoting medical travel are not medical tourism companies. To the contrary, numerous types of businesses promote medical travel. Once businesses promoting medical travel were identified, content analysis was used to extract information from company websites. Company websites were analyzed to establish: 1 where in Canada these businesses are located; 2 the destination countries and health care facilities that they market; 3 the medical procedures they promote; 4 core marketing messages; and 5 whether businesses market air travel, hotel accommodations, and holiday tours in addition to medical procedures. Results Searches conducted from 2006 to 2011 resulted in identification of thirty-five Canadian businesses currently marketing various kinds of medical travel. The research project began with what seemed to be the straightforward goal of establishing how many medical tourism companies are based in Canada. Refinement of categories resulted in the identification of eighteen businesses fitting the category of what most researchers would identify as medical tourism

  3. Beyond "medical tourism": Canadian companies marketing medical travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Despite having access to medically necessary care available through publicly funded provincial health care systems, some Canadians travel for treatment provided at international medical facilities as well as for-profit clinics found in several Canadian provinces. Canadians travel abroad for orthopaedic surgery, bariatric surgery, ophthalmologic surgery, stem cell injections, “Liberation therapy” for multiple sclerosis, and additional interventions. Both responding to public interest in medical travel and playing an important part in promoting the notion of a global marketplace for health services, many Canadian companies market medical travel. Methods Research began with the goal of locating all medical tourism companies based in Canada. Various strategies were used to find such businesses. During the search process it became apparent that many Canadian business promoting medical travel are not medical tourism companies. To the contrary, numerous types of businesses promote medical travel. Once businesses promoting medical travel were identified, content analysis was used to extract information from company websites. Company websites were analyzed to establish: 1) where in Canada these businesses are located; 2) the destination countries and health care facilities that they market; 3) the medical procedures they promote; 4) core marketing messages; and 5) whether businesses market air travel, hotel accommodations, and holiday tours in addition to medical procedures. Results Searches conducted from 2006 to 2011 resulted in identification of thirty-five Canadian businesses currently marketing various kinds of medical travel. The research project began with what seemed to be the straightforward goal of establishing how many medical tourism companies are based in Canada. Refinement of categories resulted in the identification of eighteen businesses fitting the category of what most researchers would identify as medical tourism companies. Seven other

  4. 护理干预对2型糖尿病患者生活方式及血糖控制的影响%Influence of nursing intervention on the life style and blood glucose controlling' of the patients with type 2 DM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈素梅

    2011-01-01

    目的探讨护理干预对2型糖尿病患者生活方式及血糖控制的影响.方法 将126例2型糖尿病患者随机分为护理组和对照组,采用自行设计的调查表调查患者生活方式及测定糖化血红蛋白,入院时对两组患者均进行护理评估,护理组患者住院期间根据护理评估进行有针对性的心理护理,健康指导等护理干预;对照组患者不进行相关护理干预.6个月后再次调查患者生活方式并测定糖化血红蛋白.结果 两组患者6个月后患者各种不良生活方式均显著改善,超重率及糖化血红蛋白水平均显著低于6月前;护理组患者各种不良生活习惯的比例及糖化血红蛋白值显著低于对照组,而两组超重的比例无显著性差异.结论 护理干预可显著改善糖尿病患者生活方式及维持血糖稳定.%Objective To explore the influence of nursing intervention on life style and blood glucose controlling of the patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods Totaled of 126 patients were divided into nursing group and control group randomly.Questionaires were applied to investigate patients'life style,the level of glycosylated hemoglobin was detected.The two group patients were applied with nursing evaluation.The nursing group was applied with nursing intervention including psychic care,healthy education,and so on.Six months later,the patients'life styles were investigated and the level of glycosylated hemoglobin was measured again.ResultsSix months later,the life style of the two goups was improved significantly.The rate of overweight and the level of glycosylated hemoglobin were lower than 6 months before.The rate of bad life style and the level of glycosylated hemoglobin of nursing group were lower than those of control group.There was no significant difference of the rate of overweight between the two groups.Conclusions Nursing intervention can improve the life style of the patients with type 2 DM significantly and keep

  5. Investigation of state-trait anxiety and behavior life style in patients with abrupt deafness before hyperbaric oxygen therapy%突发性耳聋患者高压氧治疗前状态-特质焦虑和行为生活方式的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭俊梅; 陈启梅; 白作金

    2008-01-01

    目的 了解突发性耳聋患者高压氧治疗(HBOT)前状态-特质焦虑和行为生活方式的状况,分析影响患者突发性耳聋的原因和不利于治疗的行为生活方式.方法 应用状态-特质焦虑问卷(STAI)和自行设计的问卷,调查分析了60例突发性耳聋患者高压氧治疗前状态-特质焦虑情况和行为生活方式.结果 突发性耳聋患者HBOT前状态焦虑问卷(S-AI)分值为(47.55±8.32)分,明显高于健康人群分值(39.31±8.66)分.有相当一部分患者存在不利于突发性耳聋治疗的行为生活方式:膳食结构不合理、精神压力过大、心理状态失衡、作息没有规律、行为生活方式不健康、不当的就医行为等.结论 护士应有针对性地对突发性耳聋患者进行相关知识的健康教育,不断提高患者的就医行为,树立健康的行为生活方式.%Objective To study the state-trait anxiety and behavior life style in patients with abrupt deafness before hyperbaric oxygen therapy and analyze the cause of abrupt deafness and untoward behavior life style for treatment. Methods Patients with abrupt deafness (60 cases) were investigated about their condition of state-trait anxiety and behavior life style by state-trait anxiety inventory (S-AI) and self-designed questionnaires. Results The score of S-AI was (47.55±8.32),which was higher than that of normal healthy people (39.31±8.66).Untoward behavior life style existed in many patiants,such as unreasonable diet,high mental pressure, unbalance of mental state, no disciplinarian in work and rest, un-healthy behavior life style, unmerited health seeking behavior, etc. Conclusions Nurses should supply health education about relative knowledge selectively to patients with abrupt deafness in order to increase the health seeking behavior and establish healthy behavior life style for them.

  6. Traveling time and traveling length for flow in porous media

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Youngki; Andrade Jr., Jose S.; Buldyrev, Sergey V.; Dokholyan, Nikolay V.; Havlin, Shlomo; King, Peter R.; Paul, Gerald; Stanley, H. Eugene

    1999-01-01

    We study traveling time and traveling length for tracer dispersion in porous media. We model porous media by two-dimensional bond percolation, and we model flow by tracer particles driven by a pressure difference between two points separated by Euclidean distance $r$. We find that the minimal traveling time $t_{min}$ scales as $t_{min} \\sim r^{1.40}$, which is different from the scaling of the most probable traveling time, ${\\tilde t} \\sim r^{1.64}$. We also calculate the length of the path c...

  7. Malaria Prevention Strategies: Adherence Among Boston Area Travelers Visiting Malaria-Endemic Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoney, Rhett J; Chen, Lin H; Jentes, Emily S; Wilson, Mary E; Han, Pauline V; Benoit, Christine M; MacLeod, William B; Hamer, Davidson H; Barnett, Elizabeth D

    2016-01-01

    We conducted a prospective cohort study to assess adherence to malaria chemoprophylaxis, reasons for nonadherence, and use of other personal protective measures against malaria. We included adults traveling to malaria-endemic countries who were prescribed malaria chemoprophylaxis during a pre-travel consultation at three travel clinics in the Boston area and who completed three or more surveys: pre-travel, at least one weekly during travel, and post-travel (2-4 weeks after return). Of 370 participants, 335 (91%) took malaria chemoprophylaxis at least once and reported any missed doses; 265 (79%) reported completing all doses during travel. Adherence was not affected by weekly versus daily chemoprophylaxis, travel purpose, or duration of travel. Reasons for nonadherence included forgetfulness, side effects, and not seeing mosquitoes. Main reasons for declining to take prescribed chemoprophylaxis were peer advice, low perceived risk, and not seeing mosquitoes. Of 368 travelers, 79% used insect repellent, 46% used a bed net, and 61% slept in air conditioning at least once. Because travelers may be persuaded to stop taking medication by peer pressure, not seeing mosquitoes, and adverse reactions to medications, clinicians should be prepared to address these barriers and to empower travelers with strategies to manage common side effects of antimalarial medications.

  8. Malaria Prevention Strategies: Adherence Among Boston Area Travelers Visiting Malaria-Endemic Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoney, Rhett J; Chen, Lin H; Jentes, Emily S; Wilson, Mary E; Han, Pauline V; Benoit, Christine M; MacLeod, William B; Hamer, Davidson H; Barnett, Elizabeth D

    2016-01-01

    We conducted a prospective cohort study to assess adherence to malaria chemoprophylaxis, reasons for nonadherence, and use of other personal protective measures against malaria. We included adults traveling to malaria-endemic countries who were prescribed malaria chemoprophylaxis during a pre-travel consultation at three travel clinics in the Boston area and who completed three or more surveys: pre-travel, at least one weekly during travel, and post-travel (2-4 weeks after return). Of 370 participants, 335 (91%) took malaria chemoprophylaxis at least once and reported any missed doses; 265 (79%) reported completing all doses during travel. Adherence was not affected by weekly versus daily chemoprophylaxis, travel purpose, or duration of travel. Reasons for nonadherence included forgetfulness, side effects, and not seeing mosquitoes. Main reasons for declining to take prescribed chemoprophylaxis were peer advice, low perceived risk, and not seeing mosquitoes. Of 368 travelers, 79% used insect repellent, 46% used a bed net, and 61% slept in air conditioning at least once. Because travelers may be persuaded to stop taking medication by peer pressure, not seeing mosquitoes, and adverse reactions to medications, clinicians should be prepared to address these barriers and to empower travelers with strategies to manage common side effects of antimalarial medications. PMID:26483125

  9. Traveling-Wave Tubes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kory, Carol L.

    1998-01-01

    The traveling-wave tube (TWT) is a vacuum device invented in the early 1940's used for amplification at microwave frequencies. Amplification is attained by surrendering kinetic energy from an electron beam to a radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic wave. The demand for vacuum devices has been decreased largely by the advent of solid-state devices. However, although solid state devices have replaced vacuum devices in many areas, there are still many applications such as radar, electronic countermeasures and satellite communications, that require operating characteristics such as high power (Watts to Megawatts), high frequency (below 1 GHz to over 100 GHz) and large bandwidth that only vacuum devices can provide. Vacuum devices are also deemed irreplaceable in the music industry where musicians treasure their tube-based amplifiers claiming that the solid-state and digital counterparts could never provide the same "warmth" (3). The term traveling-wave tube includes both fast-wave and slow-wave devices. This article will concentrate on slow-wave devices as the vast majority of TWTs in operation fall into this category.

  10. 社区健康教育对高血压病人生活方式及服药依从性的影响%Effects of community - family health education on life style and compliance of drug therapy for hypertension patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程晓鸣; 孙任苓; 庄芹

    2009-01-01

    Objective To study the effects of community - family health education on life style and compliance of drug therapy for hypertension patients. Methods 120 hypertension patients were divided into experimental group and control group, 60 cases in each group. The health education was taken only for patients themselves in control group, but for the patients and their family members in experimental group. To evaluate the influence on life style and compliance of drug therapy before and after the health education. Results There were significantly different in the two groups in improving life style, increasing compliance of drug therapy and reducing hypertension (P<0.01) . Conclusions The health education for the patients and their family members could improve life style and increase compliance of drug therapy better than that for the patients themselves.%目的 探讨社区家庭健康教育对高血压病患者生活方式及服药依从性的影响.方法 120例高血压患者随机分为干预组、对照组各60例,对照组单纯对患者本人进行健康教育,干预组在对患者进行健康教育的同时,将患者家庭成员纳入健康教育的范围,两组在健康教育前后进行生活方式和服药依从性的评价.结果 在改善患者生活方式、提高服药依从性、改善血压方面,两组相比P<0.01,差异有统计学意义.结论 对患者本人及其家庭成员进行社区健康教育,较单纯对患者本人进行健康教育,可以更好地改善患者的生活方式、提高服药依从性,改善患者血压.

  11. A control study of psychosocial factors and life styles between patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and healthy subjects%Ⅱ型糖尿病患者与健康者社会心理因素和生活方式对照研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王民主; 邹文华; 王超英

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨Ⅱ型糖尿病患者与健康者的社会心理因素和生活方式状况。方法对61例Ⅱ型糖尿病患者(糖尿病组)和60名健康志愿者(对照组)采用生活事件量表、社会支持评定量表、艾森克个性问卷、生活方式调查表进行测评分析。结果糖尿病组生活事件量表精神紧张总值、负性事件紧张值和艾森克个性问卷精神质、内外倾、神经质维度分显著高于对照组(P<0.01),社会支持评定量表评分显著低于对照组( P<0.05或0.01),不良生活方式显著多于对照组( P<0.05或0.01)。结论Ⅱ型糖尿病患者存在有明显的个性缺陷、不良生活方式及负性生活事件等,获得社会支持度相对较少。%Objective To explore psychosocial factors and life styles of patients with type 2 diabetes mel-litus and healthy subjects .Methods Assessments were conducted with the Life Events Scale (LES) ,So-cial Support Rating Scale (SSRS) ,Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Life Styles Question-naire (LSQ ) in 61 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (diabetes group) and 60 healthy volunteers (con-trol group) .Results The mental tension total and negative life events value of the LES as well as psychot-icism ,extraversion/introversion and neuroticism score of the EPQ were significantly higher (P<0 .01) , the SSRS score lower (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) and unhealthy life styles more (P<0 .05 or 0 .01) in diabetes than in control group .Conclusion Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have obvious personality defects , unhealthy life styles and negative life events and acquired social support is relatively lower .

  12. STUDY ON THE STATUS OF THE HEALTHY LIFE STYLE AND BEHAVIOR AND BASIC TECHNICAL ABILITY OF RESIDENTS IN SHANTOU%汕头市居民健康生活方式与行为及基本技能监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈泽华; 钟海波; 陈森玲; 张秀华; 刘健鹏; 许统鑫

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the status of the healthy life style and behavior and basic technical ability and its influencing factors of residents in shantou. [ Methods] Self-designed questionnaires were used to investigate the healthy life style and behavior of 1 002 adults aged 16-70 years old among urban and rural residents in shantou. [ Results] The average rate of healthy life style and behavior was 44.0%, and the average rate of basic technical ability of health literacy was 57.7%. There was significant difference between rural residents and urban residents (P < 0.05), and there was significant different a-mong the different education and genders and income (P < 0.05). [Conclusion] The level of the healthy life style and behavior and basic technical ability of residents in shantou City needed to be improved, and the activity on health literacy promotion should be developed depending on health education network.%[目的]了解汕头市城乡居民健康素养中关于健康生活方式与行为、基本技能方面的掌握情况.[方法]采用自行设计的居民健康素养调查问卷.分别抽取城市社区和农村社区16~17岁人群共1 002人进行无记名封闭式调查.[结果]汕头市公民健康生活方式与行为总形成率为44.00%,健康素养基本技能掌握率为57.75%,城乡、年龄、文化程度、经济收入等人口学特征影响到健康生活方式与行为的形成及基本健康技能的掌握(P<0.05).[结论]汕头市公民健康生活方武与行为形成及健康素养基本技能掌握水平不高,应利用城乡健康教育网络,全面铺开健康素养促进行动.

  13. Effect of life style intervention on glycemia and pregnant results in gestational diabetes mellitus%生活方式干预对妊娠糖尿病病人认知、血糖控制以及妊娠结局的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁成强; 潘妹霞; 王鸿

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨生活方式干预对孕妇妊娠糖尿病认知水平、血糖控制的影响以及对妊娠结局的改善情况.方法:对185例妊娠糖尿病病人进行健康教育和生活方式十预(包括膳食管理和制订运动计划),观察病人的血糖控制及其妊娠结局的改善情况.结果:经过妊娠糖尿病健康教育和生活方式干预后,83.2%妊娠糖尿病病人血糖控制满意,16.8%病人需要胰岛素治疗.感染、产后出血、巨大儿、早产、新生儿窒息、胎儿生长发育迟缓和新生儿低血糖发生率与健康对照组无显著性差异.结论:健康教育和生活方式干预可有效地控制妊娠糖尿病病人的血糖水平,减少妊娠和围产儿并发症的发生率.%Objective: To study the life style intervention and healthy education on glycemia and pregnant results in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: 185 women with gestational diabetes mellitus, received treatment of healthy education and life style intervention including diet and activity.Their plasma glucose level and pregnant results were monitored and compared with 120 healthy pregnancies. Results: Life style intervention and health education increased the patients compliance of treatment, and decreased the glycemia of GDM. No difference was found in morbidity of infection, premature labor, fetal macrosomia, neonatal asphyxia, intrauterine growth retardation, neonatal hypoglycemia between two groups. Conclusion: The life style intervention and health education may effectively decreased glycemia in gestational diabetes mellitus, and reduced the incidence of complications of pregnancy and perinatal infants.

  14. Perception Mapping of Travelers: Case of Six Indian Domestic Airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobhit Agarwal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A comparison of customer satisfaction based on service quality as perceived by air travelers was done among six domestic airlines. Literature review suggested that flying experience has three stages: Pre-flight, in-flight and post-flight and a set of six variables can be used to measure satisfaction. These variables are: Ease of bookings through the website/call center; Hassle free check in/efficient ticketing staff/regular announcements during flight delays at airport; on time performance of flights; in flight experience; baggage handling and value for money. Approach: A questionnaire was designed with above set of variables and responses of 150 fliers of six domestic airlines viz., GoAir, Kingfisher, Jet Airways, Indigo, SpiceJet and Air India (Domestic was recorded on a five point Likert scale. About 150 respondents were interviewed from different places in NCR: Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Greater Noida and Faridabad. A convenient sampling method was followed. Perceptions of only those travelers were captured who had actually undergone the experience of travelling by an airline. The range for the number of respondents was between 103 (for GoAir and 133 (for Jet Air. Results: Using one way ANOVA, it was checked whether travelers perceive any significant difference between six airlines for each of the above six identified variables. With Tukey-Kramer test the airlines which are significantly different from the rest were identified. Perceptual maps with combination of up to two variables (attributes were drawn to infer about the positioning of six different airlines. Conclusion: This study will help marketers of domestic airlines and designers of flight service offerings to enhance the satisfaction level of air travelers.

  15. Communication from Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Entry requirements for the USA: "ESTA" (Electronic System for Travel Authorization) online registration The requirement to register before entering the USA announced by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is to be introduced on 12 January 2009. Visitors to the USA will then be required to register their personal data and travel data online not less than 72 hours prior to travel. https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov/ General information on entry requirements for the USA are also available on the Carlson Wagonlit Travel website under the heading „CWT informs": http://www.carlsonwagonlit.ch

  16. Communication from Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Entry requirements for the USA: "ESTA" (Electronic System for Travel Authorization) online registration The requirement to register before entering the USA announced by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is to be introduced on 12 January 2009. Visitors to the USA will then be required to register their personal data and travel data online not less than 72 hours prior to travel. https://esta.cbp.dhs.gov/ General information on entry requirements for the USA is also available on the Carlson Wagonlit Travel website under the heading „CWT informs": http://www.carlsonwagonlit.ch

  17. Estilo de vida, aspectos de saúde e trabalho de motoristas de caminhão Estilo de vida, aspectos de la salud y trabajo de los conductores de camiones Life style, health aspects and work among truck drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria Aparecida Masson

    2010-08-01

    and life style, amongst truck drivers were applied to 105 drivers from supply center of Campinas (fruit, vegetable, product wholesale market. The outcomes showed that all drivers interviewed were men, the majority were married, had kids, low study level and more than 30 years old. 54,2% reported abuse psychoactive drugs. The majority was aware of the importance of using condoms with casual partners; 47,5% reported relationship with casual partners and 86 always used condoms. Although the small sample analyzed, the results suggests that must be implemented health promotion actions and illness prevention public politics, including the development of customized educational interventions with in this professional group.

  18. 医专女生原发性痛经与生活方式应对方式的关系探讨%The relationship among primary dysmenorrheal of female college students with life style and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小兵; 刘红云; 陈亚丽; 冯芙蓉; 许阳慧; 高溦薇; 兰渊琼

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo provide a scientific basis for the differentiation and treatment of dysmenorrheal and menstrual health care work by analyzing that how life style and coping style influence college girls with primary dysmenorrheal.Methods1 180 random-chosen female students that from the same school were involved in this survey by questionnaires in 2013 December.According to the NRS score,all those girl were divided into 3 groups,which are mild, normal and serious,and analyzing different aspects,including the menstrual cycle,age of menarche,menstruation, pressure,emotion,living habits,diet,cold,motion,attitude,sleep etc. Results were analyzed by using F-test and T-test. Results1 047 valid questionnaires were returned.856 students are suffer the dysmenorrheal in varies degree,which takes 81.8%.Considering the lifestyle pressure,emotion,habits,cold,attitudes and quality of sleeping have significant effects;positive coping style also has the remarkable significance.Conclusions There is a relationship between primary dysmenorrheal and pressure,emotion,habits,cold,attitude and the quality of sleeping in daily life.In addition,positive coping style also has the remarkable significance.%目的:探讨医学专科学校女生原发性痛经与生活方式、应对方式的关系,为痛经辨证治疗和经期保健工作的开展提供科学依据。方法于2013年12月9日—20日采用自编问卷、数字评定量表(NRS)和特质应对方式问卷,通过整群随机取样对我校1180名在校女生进行调查,根据NRS评分,将所有对象分为轻痛组、中痛组和重痛组,在3组间进行月经周期、初潮年龄、经期、压力、情绪、生活习惯、饮食、生冷、运动、态度、睡眠等11个方面的对比。结果收回有效问卷1047份。其中不同程度痛经者856人,占81.8%。生活方式中对痛经的程度有显著影响的因素是压力、情绪、生活习惯、态度、睡眠等;积极的应对方式对痛经

  19. Estilos de vida: Experiencias con la adherencia al tratamiento no farmacológico en diabetes mellitus Life styles: Experiences joined from a nonfarmacological treatment in a diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Cintia Medel Romero

    2006-06-01

    analysis. The findings appeared in two categories: experiences that facilitate the adhesion and experiences that make difficult the adhesion. The roll of the nurse nowadays is to contribute in the establishment of strategies for the acquisition and adhesion of healthful life styles where the person makes responsible of their own care incorporating it in the decision making. Results from this study show that the attendance of the people to educative sessions, has not effect in its health, without the corresponding pursuit of the personnel of health to make consultant's offices, explanations, updates and mainly a continuous reinforcing of the motivation directed towards the profit of an optimal state of health.

  20. Hemodiálise: estilo de vida e a adaptação do paciente Hemodiálisis: el estilo de vida y la adaptación del paciente Hemodialysis: patient's adaptation and life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Genesis de Souza Barbosa

    2009-01-01

    activities of daily life. METHODS: This qualitative study, guided by grounded theory, was conducted among patients attending the association of renal transplant of Rio de Janeiro. The sample comprised 10 patients. RESULTS: The analysis suggested that the patients went through denial, negative thoughts, and social adjustment to achieve adaptation by constructing a new life style. CONCLUSION: Nursing interventions must go beyond the physical and biological patients' needs to include social and psychological approaches that might be effective in improving the quality of life of patients on hemodialysis.

  1. Commuters' Preferences for Fast and Reliable Travel

    OpenAIRE

    Koster, Paul; Koster, Hans,

    2013-01-01

    Traffic congestion contributes to longer travel times and increased travel time variability. We account for the dynamic nature of travellers' choices, by deriving a closed-form solution for the costs of travel time variability. The resulting travel delay cost function is linear in the mean travel delay. Then, we use a semiparametric estimation approach to analyse observed and unobserved heterogeneity in the value of travel time and reliability. Using data from a stated choice experiment, we s...

  2. Malaria--a disease of travellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korzeniewski, Krzysztof; Pieruń, Katarzyna

    2012-01-01

    The number of people travelling to regions with hot climate such as Asia, Africa and South America increases steadily every year. The reason for travel varies greatly, from business trips to tourist excursions, the latter definitely prevailing. There has been an increase in travel to destinations where exposure to vector-borne, food- and water-borne, air-borne or sexually transmitted pathogens is common. As one of vector-borne diseases, malaria poses as a serious health hazard to local as well as immigrant populations. Over 40% of the world's inhabitants live in malaria-endemic regions. Although highly developed countries of North America and Europe are generally free from endemic malaria foci, numerous cases of imported infections are observed. Some cases of malaria are also reported in Poland, they are usually brought by persons returning from tropical regions in Africa, Asia, South America, Australia and Oceania. The number of cases depends on the destination as well as on the use or rejection of chemoprophylaxis. The article provides general information on epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation and diagnosis of malaria. Emphasis has been put on treatment as well as on chemoprophylaxis of the disease, which are changing relatively quickly, what is mainly related to increasing Plasmodium resistance to applied medicines.

  3. The travel-related carbon dioxide emissions of atmospheric researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stohl

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Most atmospheric scientists agree that greenhouse gas emissions have already caused significant changes to the global climate system and that these changes will accelerate in the near future. At the same time, atmospheric scientists who – like other scientists – rely on international collaboration and information exchange travel a lot and, thereby, cause substantial emissions of CO2. In this paper, the CO2 emissions of the employees working at an atmospheric research institute (the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, NILU caused by all types of business travel (conference visits, workshops, field campaigns, instrument maintainance, etc. were calculated for the years 2005–2007. It is estimated that more than 90% of the emissions were caused by air travel, 3% by ground travel and 5% by hotel usage. The travel-related annual emissions were between 1.9 and 2.4 t CO2 per employee or between 3.9 and 5.5 t CO2 per scientist. For comparison, the total annual per capita CO2 emissions are 4.5 t worldwide, 1.2 t for India, 3.8 t for China, 5.9 t for Sweden and 19.1 t for Norway. The travel-related CO2 emissions of a NILU scientist, occurring in 24 days of a year on average, exceed the global average annual per capita emission. Norway's per-capita CO2 emissions are among the highest in the world, mostly because of the emissions from the oil industry. If the emissions per NILU scientist derived in this paper are taken as representative for the average Norwegian researcher, travel by Norwegian scientists would nevertheless account for a substantial 0.2% of Norway's total CO2 emissions. Since most of the travel-related emissions are due to air travel, water vapor emissions, ozone production and contrail formation further increase the relative importance of NILU's travel in terms of radiative forcing.

  4. The travel-related carbon dioxide emissions of atmospheric researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Stohl

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Most atmospheric scientists agree that greenhouse gas emissions have already caused significant changes to the global climate system and that these changes will accelerate in the near future. At the same time, atmospheric scientists who – like other scientists – rely on international collaboration and information exchange travel a lot and, thereby, cause substantial emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2. In this paper, the CO2 emissions of the employees working at an atmospheric research institute (the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, NILU caused by all types of business travel (conference visits, workshops, field campaigns, instrument maintainance, etc. were calculated for the years 2005–2007. It is estimated that more than 90% of the emissions were caused by air travel, 3% by ground travel and 5% by hotel usage. The travel-related annual emissions were between 1.9 and 2.4 t CO2 per employee or between 3.9 and 5.5 t CO2 per scientist. For comparison, the total annual per capita CO2 emissions are 4.5 t worldwide, 1.2 t for India, 3.8 t for China, 5.9 t for Sweden and 19.1 t for Norway. The travel-related CO2 emissions of a NILU scientist, occurring in 24 days of a year on average, exceed the global average annual per capita emission. Norway's per-capita CO2 emissions are among the highest in the world, mostly because of the emissions from the oil industry. If the emissions per NILU scientist derived in this paper are taken as representative for the average Norwegian researcher, travel by Norwegian scientists would nevertheless account for a substantial 0.2% of Norway's total CO2 emissions. Since most of the travel-related emissions are due to air travel, water vapor emissions, ozone production and contrail formation further increase the relative importance of NILU's travel in terms of radiative forcing.

  5. Solar wind travel time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, C. T.

    A useful rule of thumb in solar terrestrial studies is that the solar wind travels 4 Earth radii (RE) per minute. Long-term studies of solar wind velocity [e.g., Luhmann et al., 1993; 1994] show that the median velocity is about 420 km/s, corresponding to 3.96 RE min-1. The quartiles are about 370 km/s and 495 km/s, corresponding to 3.48 Re min-1 and 4.66 Re min-1 respectively. This number helps estimate the delays expected when observing a discontinuity at a solar wind monitor; one example is ISEE-3 when it was at the forward libration point (about 60 min). It is also helpful for estimating how much time passes before the dayside magnetosphere is compressed as denser solar wind flows by (about 2.5 min).

  6. Immunization for children traveling abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sood, S K

    2000-04-01

    More children are travelling these days, often to underdeveloped countries with high prevalence of vaccine-preventable vector-borne, food-borne, zoonotic, and other infections. The pretravel office visit involves consideration of routine and travel vaccines. Epidemiology of typhoid fever, rabies, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, vaccines against them, and their recommended use are reviewed. PMID:10761513

  7. Travel and Adult Transformative Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindstrom, Steven K.

    2011-01-01

    This phenomenological research study examines the lived experience of individual adult transformation in the context of travel. Adults throughout history have experienced profound personal and perception changes as a result of significant travel events. Transformative learning occurs through experience, crisis, and reflection, all of which are…

  8. Traveler's Health: Avoid Bug Bites

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Guide Learn About Destination See a Doctor Pre-Travel Appointment Your Health Status How Diseases Spread Pack Smart Plan Ahead ... During Trip After Your Trip CDC-TV Videos Travel to the Olympics ... Presentations for Health Professionals Yellow Fever Vaccine Course About the Yellow ...

  9. Carlson Wagonlit Travel is moving

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The renovation of the Main Building continues!   Because of this, Carlson Wagonlit Travel will move from building 62 to building 510 on 4 October and the agency will be closed in the afternoon. An emergency service will be organised for official travels only. Phone: 022 799 75 73 & 022 799 75 78 / e-mail: cern@carlsonwagonlit.ch

  10. 75 FR 43395 - Campaign Travel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-26

    ... Campaign Travel AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. ACTION: Announcement of effective date. SUMMARY: On... of the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act governing campaign travel on noncommercial aircraft. This document announces the effective date of amendments made by those final rules to...

  11. Monitoring Travel Time Reliability on Freeways

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tu, Huizhao

    2008-01-01

    Travel time and travel time reliability are important attributes of a trip. The current measures of reliability have in common that in general they all relate to the variability of travel times. However, travel time reliability does not only rely on variability but also on the stability of travel ti

  12. 49 CFR 229.55 - Piston travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Piston travel. 229.55 Section 229.55... Piston travel. (a) Brake cylinder piston travel shall be sufficient to provide brake shoe clearance when... piston travel may not exceed 11/2 inches less than the total possible piston travel. The total...

  13. 中医特色健康教育对痰湿质高血压患者生活方式的影响%Effect of health education of Traditional Chinese Medicine on life-style of hypertension patients with phlegmy and damp constitution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王益平; 代艳; 周仲芳; 李润; 李素莲; 冯莉; 杨雪

    2015-01-01

    目的::探讨中医特色健康教育对痰湿质高血压病患者生活方式的影响。方法:选择痰湿质高血压病患者240例,随机分为干预组和对照组各120例,干预组实施中医特色健康教育,对照组不做任何干预,干预前及干预3个月后观察2组生活方式情况及血压水平。结果:2组患者干预前后体质指数比较,差异无统计学意义(P跃0.05);而吸烟、饮酒、饮食、运动、血压和血脂均有不同程度改善(P 0.05). However, the condition of smoking, drinking, diet, exercise, blood pressure and blood fat in two groups had been improved in different degrees (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The TCM characteristic healthy life-style education on patients with hypertension of phlegm dampness constitution can help improve patient's life-style, reduce blood pressure, and improve the life quality.

  14. Elasticity of Long Distance Travelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Mette Aagaard

    2011-01-01

    With data from the Danish expenditure survey for 12 years 1996 through 2007, this study analyses household expenditures for long distance travelling. Household expenditures are examined at two levels of aggregation having the general expenditures on transportation and leisure relative to five other...... aggregated commodities at the highest level, and the specific expenditures on plane tickets and travel packages at the lowest level. The Almost Ideal Demand System is applied to determine the relationship between expenditures on transportation and leisure and all other purchased non-durables within...... a household. Due to a high share of corner solutions among the expenditures on plane tickets and package travelling, the expenditures on these specific commodities are examined with a Tobit approach. The model results find both plane tickets and travel packages to be luxury goods. It also states that travel...

  15. 广州市海珠区居民健康生活方式知信行调查分析%Investigation and analysis of knowledge,belief and behavior of residents healthy life style in Zhuhai District, Guangzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄佩贞; 钟微; 肖青; 张弛

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解海珠区居民健康生活方式知信行情况,为开展健康生活方式、健康教育与促进工作提供参考依据。方法:采用全国统一的全民健康生活方式行动评估调查问卷,通过随机抽样确定调查对象后进行一对一的问卷调查。结果:知识和信念方面,知道每天食盐的摄入量147例(35.00%),每天油摄入量63例(15.00%);知晓多吃盐会引起高血压291例(69.29%);行为方面,过去1年能自觉控制盐摄入296例(70.48%),每天能使用限盐勺53例(12.62%);自觉控制油摄入271例(64.52%),每天使用控油壶58例(13.81%)。结论:海珠区城区居民的健康生活方式的知信行掌握得比较好。健康生活方式有些知识点已深入人心,但油盐摄入量与疾病关系的知识还有待进一步推广。%Objective:To understand the knowledge,belief and behavior situation of residents healthy life style in Zhuhai District, to provide a reference basis for developing the healthy life style health education and promoting work.Methods:The national unified health life style action assessment questionnaire was used.After the respondents were confirmed though random sampling, one-on-one questionnaire was given.Results:In the knowledge and belief,147 cases(35.00% ) knew daily salt intake;63 cases(15%) knew daily oil intake;291 cases(69.29%) knew that eating more salt could lead to high blood pressure.In the behavior, 296 cases(70.48%) could consciously control the salt intake in the past 1 year;53 cases(12.62%) could use limit salt spoon every day.271 cases(64.52%) could consciously control the oil intake;58 cases(13.81%) could use control oil pot every day.Conclusion:The knowledge,belief and behavior of urban residents healthy life style in Zhuhai District master better.Some knowledges of healthy life style have win support among the people,but the knowledge of the relationship between oil salt intake and disease still needs further

  16. Logistic Regression Models to Forecast Travelling Behaviour in Tripoli City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amiruddin Ismail

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Transport modes are very important to Libyan’s Tripoli residents for their daily trips. However, the total number of own car and private transport namely taxi and micro buses on the road increases and causes many problems such as traffic congestion, accidents, air and noise pollution. These problems then causes other related phenomena to the travel activities such as delay in trips, stress and frustration to motorists which may affect their productivity and efficiency to both workers and students. Delay may also increase travel cost as well inefficiency in trips making if compare to other public transport users in some Arabs cities. Switching to public transport (PT modes alternatives such as buses, light rail transit and underground train could improve travel time and travel costs. A transport study has been carried out at Tripoli City Authority areas among own car users who live in areas with inadequate of private transport and poor public transportation services. Analyses about relation between factors such as travel time, travel cost, trip purpose and parking cost have been made to answer research questions. Logistic regression technique has been used to analyse these factors that influence users to switch their trips mode to public transport alternatives.

  17. Tips for Traveling with HomePEN

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Keep Private Resources: Travel Tips Share | Tips for Traveling with HomePEN A little preparation can go a ... on your Behalf (12/2010) Other Articles on Travel TSA Program Aims to Help Elderly, Disabled, Sick ...

  18. Traveling with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Center Home > Resources > Traveling With IBD Go Back Traveling With IBD Email Print + Share Don't avoid ... the States, these tips will come in handy. Travel Tips for Vacation Time Locating A Doctor Ask ...

  19. 76 FR 43236 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances: Notice of Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... ADMINISTRATION 41 CFR Chapter 301 Federal Travel Regulation (FTR): Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances: Notice... Federal Travel Regulation (FTR) in an effort to streamline travel policies, increase travel efficiency and... pertain to Temporary Duty (TDY) Travel Allowances that include special conveyances, per diem and...

  20. Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    2005-01-01

    Chères clientes, chers clients, Le 3 janvier dernier, nous vous avons informé de la décision des compagnies aériennes de supprimer les commissions versées aux agences de voyages suisses. Cette mesure a été introduite progressivement pour être appliquées maintenant par toutes les compagnies, à quelques rares exceptions près. En conséquence, en accord avec le CERN, nous serons dans l'obligation d'appliquer une nouvelle liste de prix de nos transactions pour les voyages privés. Elle sera applicable dès le lundi 25 juillet 2005. Carlson Wagonlit Travel (CWT) vous propose : Son service de conseil personnalisé, professionnel et compétent Sa recherche de la solution la plus économique et la mieux adaptée à vos besoins Sa neutralité dans les comparaisons de prix et prestations Des informations com...

  1. Experienced travel time prediction for congested freeways

    OpenAIRE

    Yildirimoglu, Mehmet; Geroliminis, Nikolaos

    2013-01-01

    Travel time is an important performance measure for transportation systems, and dissemination of travel time information can help travelers make reliable travel decisions such as route choice or departure time. Since the traffic data collected in real time reflects the past or current conditions on the roadway, a predictive travel time methodology should be used to obtain the information to be disseminated. However, an important part of the literature either uses instantaneous travel time ass...

  2. Travelers' Health: Traveling Safely with Infants and Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chapter 2, Protection against Mosquitoes, Ticks, & Other Arthropods . DENGUE AND OTHER ARBOVIRUSES Pediatric VFR travelers who may ... risk similar to children living in areas where dengue or other arboviruses (such as chikungunya, Japanese encephalitis, ...

  3. 2001 New York State NHTS: Travel Patterns of Special Populations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Reuscher, Tim [ORNL

    2010-03-01

    Policymakers rely on transportation statistics, including data on personal travel behavior, to formulate strategic transportation policies, and to improve the safety and efficiency of the U.S. transportation system. Data on personal travel trends are needed to examine the reliability, efficiency, capacity, and flexibility of the Nation's transportation system to meet current demands and accommodate future demands; to assess the feasibility and efficiency of alternative congestion-alleviating technologies (e.g., high-speed rail, magnetically levitated trains, intelligent vehicle and highway systems); to evaluate the merits of alternative transportation investment programs; and to assess the energy-use and air-quality impacts of various policies. To address these data needs, the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) initiated an effort in 1969 to collect detailed data on personal travel. The 1969 survey was the first Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey (NPTS). The survey was conducted again in 1977, 1983, 1990, 1995, and 2001. Data on daily travel were collected in 1969, 1977, 1983, 1990 and 1995. Longer-distance travel was collected in 1977 and 1995. The 2001 National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) collected both daily and longer-distance trips in one survey. The 2001 survey was sponsored by three USDOT agencies: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). The primary objective of the survey was to collect trip-based data on the nature and characteristics of personal travel so that the relationships between the characteristics of personal travel and the demographics of the traveler can be established. Commercial and institutional travel was not part of the survey. New York State participated in the 2001 NHTS by procuring additional 12,000 sample households. These additional sample households allowed New York State to address transportation planning issues

  4. GH Travel & Mission Support System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — HTRAMS is a travel data collection system for GH that collects information on both the basic details of an employee's trips (destination, length, purpose, etc.) and...

  5. Mosquito Bite Prevention For Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers Mosquitoes spread many types of viruses and parasites that can cause diseases ... be available. Protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. Here’s how: Keep mosquitoes out of your ...

  6. PPL Travel & Mission Support System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — PTRAMS is a travel data collection system for PPL that collects information on both the basic details of an employee's trips (destination, length, purpose, etc.)...

  7. Tuberculosis Information for International Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... American Community Summit Background Slideset Children Correctional Facilities Homelessness International Travelers Pregnancy Health Disparities Laboratory Information Model Performance Evaluation Program (MPEP) Drug Susceptibility Testing The Uses of Nucleic Acid Amplification ...

  8. DCHA Travel & Mission Support System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — DTRAMS is a travel data collection system for DCHA that collects information on both the basic details of an employee's trips (destination, length, purpose, etc.)...

  9. Influenza Prevention: Information for Travelers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Medscape Podcasts Public Service Announcements (PSAs) Virus Images Influenza Types Seasonal Avian Swine Variant Pandemic Other Get ... this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Past Newsletters Influenza Prevention: Information for Travelers Language: English Español ...

  10. Long distance travel ‘today’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Linda

    2014-01-01

    per year og which a third is for international destinations, a third is for domestic second homes and a third are other domestic trips. However, 87% of the kilometres are for international destinations and only 4% are for domestic second homes. Travel activity is very uneven distributed with only half...... of the population having had a journey during the last three month. At the other hand 60% have travelled internationally during the last year and only 2% have never travelled abroad. The paper presents among other things how the travel activity is distributed on travel purpose and mode and how the......This paper presents an overview of the Dane’s long distance travel. It is a part of the Drivers and Limits project about long distance travel. Long distance travel is in the project defined as infrequent travel with overnight stay. Danes 15-85 years-old travel in average 5.5 long distance travel...

  11. Elasticity of Long Distance Travelling

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Mette Aagaard

    2011-01-01

    With data from the Danish expenditure survey for 12 years 1996 through 2007, this study analyses household expenditures for long distance travelling. Household expenditures are examined at two levels of aggregation having the general expenditures on transportation and leisure relative to five other aggregated commodities at the highest level, and the specific expenditures on plane tickets and travel packages at the lowest level. The Almost Ideal Demand System is applied to determine the relat...

  12. A model of multidestination travel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Morisugi, H.; Tussyadiah, Iis; Kono, T.

    2006-01-01

    Because tourists derive utility from the enjoyment of destination characteristics, Lancaster's approach is putatively appropriate to address the particular structure of the tourism industry. Most research efforts regarding tourism destination, including those applying Lancaster's model, specifica...... explains that packages of multiple destinations can create preferable combinations of characteristics for certain travelers. Furthermore, the model provides useful strategies for tour operators in combining destinations into a travel menu or package. © 2006 Sage Publications....

  13. Sequentially pulsed traveling wave accelerator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporaso, George J.; Nelson, Scott D.; Poole, Brian R.

    2009-08-18

    A sequentially pulsed traveling wave compact accelerator having two or more pulse forming lines each with a switch for producing a short acceleration pulse along a short length of a beam tube, and a trigger mechanism for sequentially triggering the switches so that a traveling axial electric field is produced along the beam tube in synchronism with an axially traversing pulsed beam of charged particles to serially impart energy to the particle beam.

  14. Ground-water travel time

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Containment and Isolation Working Group considered issues related to the postclosure behavior of repositories in crystalline rock. This working group was further divided into subgroups to consider the progress since the 1978 GAIN Symposium and identify research needs in the individual areas of regional ground-water flow, ground-water travel time, fractional release, and cumulative release. The analysis and findings of the Ground-Water Travel Time Subgroup are presented

  15. 高血压并发脑梗死患者血压控制与自我管理行为、生活方式的相关性及护理对策%The relationship between self management behavior, life style and blood pressure control in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction and its nursing cuntermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐素华

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between self management behavior,life style and blood pressure control in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction,and discuss its nursing countermeasures.Methods 268 patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction were recruited by stratified sampling and were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire about self management behavior,life style,and we analyzed the above influencing factors on the blood pressure control and the nursing countermeasures.Results Younger age,higher education degree,high standard of living,stronger self management ability,enough vegetables intake,low consumption of salt,alcohol and tobacco,and moderate physical exercises could control blood pressure better,older age,poorer self management ability,too much salt intake were detrimental to the control of blood pressure.Conclusions Effective self management and good life style can control high blood pressure well in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction,and improve the prognosis and the quality of life.%目的 探讨高血压并发脑梗死患者自我管理行为和生活方式与血压控制的相关性,并讨论相关的护理对策.方法 分层抽样选取高血压并发脑梗死患者268例,设计调查表调查所有患者自我管理行为和生活方式,分析其对血压控制的影响,分析其护理对策.结果 年轻、文化程度高、生活水平高、自我管理能力强、蔬菜摄人量充足、食盐和烟酒摄入量少以及适度进行体育锻炼的受调查者血压控制情况更好.年长、自我管理能力差、盐摄入量高均不利于血压的控制.结论 有效的自我管理和良好的生活方式可以很好地控制高血压并发脑梗死患者的血压,改善患者预后和生活质量.

  16. Empirical evidence for the effect of airline travel on inter-regional influenza spread in the United States.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John S Brownstein

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The influence of air travel on influenza spread has been the subject of numerous investigations using simulation, but very little empirical evidence has been provided. Understanding the role of airline travel in large-scale influenza spread is especially important given the mounting threat of an influenza pandemic. Several recent simulation studies have concluded that air travel restrictions may not have a significant impact on the course of a pandemic. Here, we assess, with empirical data, the role of airline volume on the yearly inter-regional spread of influenza in the United States. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We measured rate of inter-regional spread and timing of influenza in the United States for nine seasons, from 1996 to 2005 using weekly influenza and pneumonia mortality from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Seasonality was characterized by band-pass filtering. We found that domestic airline travel volume in November (mostly surrounding the Thanksgiving holiday predicts the rate of influenza spread (r(2 = 0.60; p = 0.014. We also found that international airline travel influences the timing of influenza mortality (r(2 = 0.59; p = 0.016. The flight ban in the US after the terrorist attack on September 11, 2001, and the subsequent depression of the air travel market, provided a natural experiment for the evaluation of flight restrictions; the decrease in air travel was associated with a delayed and prolonged influenza season. CONCLUSIONS: We provide the first empirical evidence for the role of airline travel in long-range dissemination of influenza. Our results suggest an important influence of international air travel on the timing of influenza introduction, as well as an influence of domestic air travel on the rate of inter-regional influenza spread in the US. Pandemic preparedness strategies should account for a possible benefit of airline travel restrictions on influenza spread.

  17. Infectious Risks of Traveling Abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lin H; Blair, Barbra M

    2015-08-01

    A popular leisure activity, international travel can be associated with some infections. The most common travel-related illnesses appear to be gastrointestinal, dermatologic, respiratory, and systemic febrile syndromes. The pretravel medical consultation includes immunizations, malaria chemoprophylaxis, self-treatment for traveler's diarrhea, and advice on the prevention of a myriad of other infectious causes including dengue, chikungunya, rickettsiosis, leptospirosis, schistosomiasis, and strongyloidiasis. Travel to locations experiencing outbreaks such as Ebola virus disease, Middle East respiratory syndrome, avian influenza, and chikungunya call for specific alerts on preventive strategies. After travel, evaluation of an ill traveler must explore details of exposure, including destinations visited; activities; ingestion of contaminated food or drinks; contact with vectors, animals, fresh water, or blood and body fluids; and other potential exposures. Knowledge of the geographic distribution of infectious diseases is important in generating the differential diagnoses and testing accordingly. Empiric treatment is sometimes necessary when suspicion of a certain diagnosis is strong and confirmatory tests are delayed or lacking, particularly for infections that are rapidly progressive (for example, malaria) or for which timing of testing is prolonged (such as leptospirosis). PMID:26350325

  18. The Individual Travel Cost Method with Consumer-Specific Values of Travel Time Savings

    OpenAIRE

    Mikołaj Czajkowski; Marek Giergiczny; Jakub Kronenberg; Jeffrey Englin

    2015-01-01

    The treatment of the opportunity cost of travel time in travel cost models has been an area of research interest for many decades. This analysis develops a methodology to combine the travel distance and travel time data with respondent-specific estimates of the value of travel time savings. The individual travel time values are elicited with the use of discrete choice stated preference methods. The travel time valuation procedure is integrated into the valuation exercise to create a two equat...

  19. Inter-temporal variation in the travel time and travel cost parameters of transport models

    OpenAIRE

    Börjesson, Maria

    2012-01-01

    The parameters for travel time and travel cost are central in travel demand forecasting models. Since valuation of infrastructure investments requires prediction of travel demand for future evaluation years, inter-temporal variation of the travel time and travel cost parameters is a key issue in forecasting. Using two identical stated choice experiments conducted among Swedish drivers with an interval of 13 years, 1994 and 2007, this paper estimates the inter-temporal variation in travel time...

  20. The Flying Newsboy: A Small Daily Attempts Air Delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Elizabeth A.

    For 10 months in 1929-30, subscribers to "The McCook (Nebraska) Daily Gazette" (a daily newspaper serving 33 towns in southwestern Nebraska and northwestern Kansas) received their newspapers via air delivery with "The Newsboy," a Curtis Robin cabin monoplane. In an age when over-the-road travel was difficult and air travel was just emerging,…

  1. Danish long distance travel A study of Danish travel behaviour and the role of infrequent travel activities

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Mette Aagaard; Rich, Jeppe; Nielsen, Otto Anker

    2014-01-01

    Historically there has been a lack of knowledge with respect to long distance travel. Due to the considerable contribution of long distance travel to total travelled kilometres and the related energy consumption from the transport sector and derived impacts on greenhouse emissions, this is problematic. The average travel distance has steadily increased during the latest decades together with the increasing motorisation of daily travel and international aviation. Previously most focus has been...

  2. 28 CFR 2.93 - Travel approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Travel approval. 2.93 Section 2.93... Travel approval. (a) A parolee's Supervision Officer may approve travel outside the district of... possibilities. (3) Recurring travel across a district boundary, not to exceed fifty miles outside the...

  3. A relational approach to analysing leisure travel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ettema, D.F.; Schwanen, T.

    2012-01-01

    Leisure travel makes up a very significant part of daily travel and therefore needs to be considered in any travel demand management or general land use and transportation policy. Yet, research into leisure mobility has tended to ignore important aspects of leisure travel, such as its joint characte

  4. Advising pregnant women on miminising travel risks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Rosemary

    Pregnant women may face additional risks when travelling overseas, which must be considered with assessment and travel health advice before they decide to travel. A careful risk assessment should be completed to identify the key risks and strategies for staying safe while travelling. PMID:24772798

  5. 8 CFR 1244.15 - Travel abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Travel abroad. 1244.15 Section 1244.15... REGULATIONS TEMPORARY PROTECTED STATUS FOR NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 1244.15 Travel abroad. (a) After... Status shall not constitute permission to travel abroad. Permission to travel may be granted by...

  6. 49 CFR 230.76 - Piston travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Piston travel. 230.76 Section 230.76... Tenders Brake and Signal Equipment § 230.76 Piston travel. (a) Minimum piston travel. The minimum piston travel shall be sufficient to provide proper brake shoe clearance when the brakes are released....

  7. 8 CFR 244.15 - Travel abroad.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Travel abroad. 244.15 Section 244.15 Aliens... NATIONALS OF DESIGNATED STATES § 244.15 Travel abroad. (a) After the grant of Temporary Protected Status... to travel abroad. Permission to travel may be granted by the director pursuant to the...

  8. 38 CFR 21.7103 - Travel expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Bill-Active Duty) Counseling § 21.7103 Travel expenses. (a) Travel for veterans and servicemembers. (1... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Travel expenses. 21.7103... travel to and from the place of counseling for individuals who are required to receive counseling if—...

  9. Structural modeling of personality, life style, many factors and mental health for medical students%医学生人格、生活方式等因素与心理健康关系的结构模型研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽; 张海芳

    2009-01-01

    目的 构建医学生人格、生活方式等因素与心理健康的关系模型.方法 对869名医学生应用艾森克人格问卷、症状自评量表、一般状况调查表进行测量,描述医学生心理健康水平及人格特征,进而用结构方程构建各变量间的关系模型.结果 医学生心理健康水平较好;男生掩饰性显著高于女生,独生子女掩饰性显著高于非独生子女;神经质、生活方式、掩饰性、每天睡眠、中学住宿、自己朋友、独生子女、父母关心程度对心理健康有直接作用(β=0.508,0.136,0.100,0.082,0.076,-O.057,0.057,0.051),神经质、自己朋友和每天睡眠通过生活方式对心理健康有间接作用(β=0.044,-0.008,0.007),独生子女通过中学住宿对心理健康有间接作用(β=-0.026),掩饰性通过神经质也间接作用于心理健康(β=0.195).结论 人格、生活方式等因素对心理健康的作用得到结构方程模型的有力支持.%Objective To build relationship model of personality, life style and mental health for medical students. Methods 869 medical students were surveyed with Eysenk Personality Questionnaire, Symptom Check List 90(SCL-90), common condition questionnaire, to describe the situation of medical students mental health and personality, and a relationship model was set up by structural equation modeling. Results The situation of mental health for medical students was well. Male students showed significantly higher lie than female students. The only children showed significant higher lie than those having siblings. Neuroticism, life style, lie, sleep time everyday, boarding and lodging in middle school, friends, only child, degree of parents attention had significant direct influence on mental health (β =0.508, 0.136, 0.100, 0.082, 0.076, -0.057, 0.057, 0.051 ). Neuroticism, friends and sleep time everyday affected mental health in an indirect way through life style (β = 0.044, - 0. 008, 0.007). Only child affected mental

  10. Further We Travel the Faster We Go.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varga, Levente; Kovács, András; Tóth, Géza; Papp, István; Néda, Zoltán

    2016-01-01

    The average travelling speed increases in a nontrivial manner with the travel distance. This leads to scaling-like relations on quite extended spatial scales, for all mobility modes taken together and also for a given mobility mode in part. We offer a wide range of experimental results, investigating and quantifying this universal effect and its measurable causes. The increasing travelling speed with the travel distance arises from the combined effects of: choosing the most appropriate travelling mode; the structure of the travel networks; the travel times lost in the main hubs, starting or target cities; and the speed limit of roads and vehicles. PMID:26863605

  11. The value of travel time variance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fosgerau, Mogens; Engelson, Leonid

    2011-01-01

    This paper considers the value of travel time variability under scheduling preferences that are defined in terms of linearly time varying utility rates associated with being at the origin and at the destination. The main result is a simple expression for the value of travel time variability...... that does not depend on the shape of the travel time distribution. The related measure of travel time variability is the variance of travel time. These conclusions apply equally to travellers who can freely choose departure time and to travellers who use a scheduled service with fixed headway. Depending...... on parameters, travellers may be risk averse or risk seeking and the value of travel time may increase or decrease in the mean travel time....

  12. The Research on the Current Investigation and Development Strategy of Sports Life-Style of Senior Citizens in Cities of Hebei Province%河北省城市老年人体育生活方式现状调查与发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文阁; 王立男

    2012-01-01

    The author made the research and analysis on the sports values,the basic features of participating in sports and the consumptions in sports via the research methods of questionnaire,documentation,mathematical statistics and logical analysis,etc.It reflected the current features of the sports life-style of senior citizens in the cities of Hebei Province from the aspect of the subject awareness of sports activities,the behavior of sports activities and the conditions of sports activities.Furthermore,it showed the existing problems and restraining factors as well as the corresponding strategies,providing some useful references for the guidance and promotion of the healthy sport life-style suitable for the senior citizens.%运用问卷调查、文献资料、数理统计、逻辑分析等研究方法,对河北省城市老年人的体育价值观、参加体育活动的基本特征以及体育消费情况等进行调查分析,从体育活动主体意识、体育活动行为和体育活动条件三个方面揭示了河北省城市老年人体育生活方式现状特征,指出了存在的问题和主要制约因素,并提出相应的对策,为引导和促进老年人形成一种与现代社会生活相适应的健康体育生活方式提供有益的参考。

  13. Effect of Health Education Pathway in Improving the Health Life Style of Patients With Hypertension%健康教育路径在改善高血压患者健康生活方式中的效果观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东华

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of health education pathway in improving the health life style of patients with hypertension.Methods The patients with hypertension were divided into two groups,the study group was given health education path,and the control group was treated with routine health education. The study group was divided into 84 groups.ResultsThe knowledge mastery rate of study group was significantly higher than that of the control group,and 3 months after discharge,the improvement rate of healthy life style of the research group was significantly better than that of the control group,P< 0.05.Conclusion The path of health education in improving the healthy lifestyle of patients with hypertension,the effect is significant.%目的:探讨健康教育路径在改善高血压患者健康生活方式中的效果。方法选取高血压患者84例分为两组,研究组给予健康教育路径护理,对照组采用常规健康教育护理。结果研究组相关知识掌握率高于对照组,出院3个月后,研究组健康生活方式各指标改善率优于对照组, P<0.05。结论健康教育路径在改善高血压患者健康生活方式中的效果显著。

  14. Representing active travel: a formative evaluation of a computer visualisation tool demonstrating a new walking and cycling route

    OpenAIRE

    Bill, Emma; Baker, Graham; Ferguson, Neil S.; Drinkwater, David; Mutrie, Nanette

    2015-01-01

    Transport and public health researchers have a shared interest in the promotionof active travel. Walking and cycling are activities that may help to achieve healthbenefits while also contributing to wider sustainability goals, such as a reduction in carbon emissions from transport, improvements in air quality, and reduced congestion. A variety of interventions have been used to promote travel behaviour change, for example, infrastructure change and personalised travel planning. Some researche...

  15. Backpacker motivations: a travel career approach

    OpenAIRE

    Paris, Cody Morris; Teye, Victor

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to conceptualize backpacker motivation within the framework of the Travel Career Pattern (TCP) theory of travel motivation. An online survey was administered to backpackers targeted in backpacker-specific online communities in order to obtain a diverse sample. First, underlying dimensions of backpacker motivation were identified. Second, backpackers were clustered into two groups based on travel experience and age: ‘high travel experience’ and ‘low travel ex...

  16. Travel and the emergence of infectious diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, M.E.

    1995-01-01

    Travel is a potent force in the emergence of disease. Migration of humans has been the pathway for disseminating infectious diseases throughout recorded history and will continue to shape the emergence, frequency, and spread of infections in geographic areas and populations. The current volume, speed, and reach of travel are unprecedented. The consequences of travel extend beyond the traveler to the population visited and the ecosystem. When they travel, humans carry their genetic makeup, imm...

  17. Travel related diseases and optimizing preventive strategies

    OpenAIRE

    R.W. Wieten

    2016-01-01

    With the figure of 1 billion annual travellers continuously increasing, travel is becoming more and more common. The binding element of this thesis is the aim to contribute to the improvement of pre-travel healthcare. The diseases studied either carry a high mortality (rabies, malaria, yellow fever) or morbidity (hepatitis A) rate. At the Academic Medical Center’s travel clinic, pre-travel guidelines were well adhered to. At Schiphol Airport (Amsterdam), we found that just over half of the VF...

  18. Network Structure and Travel Time Perception

    OpenAIRE

    Pavithra Parthasarathi; David Levinson; Hartwig Hochmair

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to test the systematic variation in the perception of travel time among travelers and relate the variation to the underlying street network structure. Travel survey data from the Twin Cities metropolitan area (which includes the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul) is used for the analysis. Travelers are classified into two groups based on the ratio of perceived and estimated commute travel time. The measures of network structure are estimated using the street n...

  19. Additive measures of travel time variability

    OpenAIRE

    Engelson, Leonid; Fosgerau, Mogens

    2011-01-01

    This paper derives a measure of travel time variability for travellers equipped with scheduling preferences defined in terms of time-varying utility rates, and who choose departure time optimally. The corresponding value of travel time variability is a constant that depends only on preference parameters. The measure is unique in being additive with respect to independent parts of a trip. It has the variance of travel time as a special case. Extension is provided to the case of travellers who ...

  20. Poliomyelitis--prevention in travellers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Cora A; Neilson, Amy A

    2010-03-01

    This article is the second in a series providing a summary of prevention strategies and vaccination for infections that may be acquired by travellers. The series aims to provide practical strategies to assist general practitioners in giving travel advice, as a synthesis of multiple information sources which must otherwise be consulted. Poliomyelitis is a potentially fatal viral illness, which may cause acute flaccid paralysis and permanent central nervous system damage. Ongoing global efforts to eradicate poliomyelitis have been under way since 1988. Travellers are at risk of infection in countries with endemic wild poliomyelitis virus or imported cases, and can spread the infection to areas where poliomyelitis has been eradicated. While all adults should be immune to poliomyelitis, it is important that at-risk travellers are vaccinated appropriately. Vaccine options and regions currently reporting poliomyelitis are presented from a number of sources, which may facilitate the process of giving travel advice in a general practice setting, although it is also important to seek up-to-date epidemiological information.

  1. Health, sustainability and student travel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Gill; Morris, Jenny; Wade, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    A survey of 246 pre-registration nursing students in a University in the South West of England was carried out to explore the impact of course related travel on the student experience. Results from the survey indicated that students' main mode of transport to practice placements was by car which reflects the rural nature of the South West and the relative paucity of public transport. Long distances that many students travel to their study centre and to placements, and the concurrent financial strain that this creates, impacted negatively on the student experience. Students recognised the need to travel to a place of study and clinical placements and suggestions of minimising the negative impact of travel were offered. These included the increased use of electronic delivery of lectures, attendance at local university premises, the provision of shared transport to placements and placements closer to the student's home. Few students, however, considered the environmental impact of travel. Higher Education Institutions need to address issues of sustainability through promoting student wellbeing and taking steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It is therefore important that student awareness of sustainability related issues is increased as well as focusing on reducing the environmental impact through organisational change. PMID:21664188

  2. [Advice for allergic travellers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sonneville, A

    1999-09-01

    Business and tourist journeys by air contribute to exposure of the body to multiple environments. The allergic patient, considered rightly to be a sentry of the environment, has many reasons to care about his journeys and to take precautions that are adapted to his case under the impetus of advice and information from his physician and his specialist. Some advice falls within a simple logic that is enough to remember when planning the journey while the others measures must follow a correct preventative strategy for allergy risks as much as those that concern the modalities before leaving as a drive taken on the ground. It is important therefore to know how to give advice and information on the different risks linked to the allergic condition and to the field of allergy and help the patient to orientate his choice of place of the journey, the methods of lodging, of transport and the programme of the journey. The advice should also include the preventative measures as a function of the known pathology under the form of medical equipment before, during the stay and on return. Finally some advice relative to medical equipment for prevention and cure would appear to be judicious. PMID:10524269

  3. Future Trends in Business Travel Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Keith J.

    2002-01-01

    This research surveys twenty large companies and their travellers to identify and evaluate the effects of pressures on the business travel market in the future. The influence of the following areas on the decision making process are addressed: (1) Corporate travel policies and increasing professionalism in corporate purchasing; (2) The development of global strategic airline alliances; (3) The emergence of low cost airlines on short haul markets; and (4) The development of internet based booking tools and travel agency IT. The survey shows differences in views between travel managers, and travellers with regard to corporate travel policies. While travel managers see policy rules, travellers interpret these as guidelines, indicating travel managers will need to take further actions to exercise true control of travel budgets. The data shows that companies are more likely to prescribe a class of airline ticket, than the choice of airline itself. Corporate hierarchical bias in travel policies is still common both for short and particularly long haul flying. Other findings show that while travel managers believe that their companies are likely to sign global deals with strategic airline groups within a five year period in a bid to consolidating spending, they also believe that nearly a third of short haul flying will be taken with low cost carriers, indicating further penetration in this business travel market by these carriers. The paper also provides other predictions about the business travel market, based on the survey findings.

  4. Logistic Regression Models to Forecast Travelling Behaviour in Tripoli City

    OpenAIRE

    Amiruddin Ismail; Adel Ettaieb Elmloshi

    2011-01-01

    Transport modes are very important to Libyan’s Tripoli residents for their daily trips. However, the total number of own car and private transport namely taxi and micro buses on the road increases and causes many problems such as traffic congestion, accidents, air and noise pollution. These problems then causes other related phenomena to the travel activities such as delay in trips, stress and frustration to motorists which may affect their productivity and efficiency to both workers and stud...

  5. Perception Mapping of Travelers: Case of Six Indian Domestic Airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Shobhit Agarwal; Dey, A. K.

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: A comparison of customer satisfaction based on service quality as perceived by air travelers was done among six domestic airlines. Literature review suggested that flying experience has three stages: Pre-flight, in-flight and post-flight and a set of six variables can be used to measure satisfaction. These variables are: Ease of bookings through the website/call center; Hassle free check in/efficient ticketing staff/regular announcements during flight delays at airport; on ...

  6. Fundamental Travel Demand Model Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanssen, Joel

    2010-01-01

    Instances of transportation models are abundant and detailed "how to" instruction is available in the form of transportation software help documentation. The purpose of this paper is to look at the fundamental inputs required to build a transportation model by developing an example passenger travel demand model. The example model reduces the scale to a manageable size for the purpose of illustrating the data collection and analysis required before the first step of the model begins. This aspect of the model development would not reasonably be discussed in software help documentation (it is assumed the model developer comes prepared). Recommendations are derived from the example passenger travel demand model to suggest future work regarding the data collection and analysis required for a freight travel demand model.

  7. Travel epidemiology: the Saudi perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Memish, Ziad A; Venkatesh, S; Ahmed, Qanta A

    2003-02-01

    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia occupies four-fifths of the Arabian Peninsula, with a land area of 2 million square kilometres. Saudi Arabia holds a unique position in the Islamic world, as the custodian of the two holiest places of Islam, in Mecca and Medina. Annually, some 2 million Muslims from over 140 countries embark on Hajj. This extraordinary en masse migration is a unique forum for the study of travel epidemiology since the Hajj carries various health risks, both communicable and non-communicable, often on a colossal scale. Non-communicable hazards of the Hajj include stampede and motor vehicle trauma, fire-related burn injuries and accidental hand injury during animal slaughter. Communicable hazards in the form of outbreaks of multiple infectious diseases have been reported repeatedly, during and following the Hajj. Meningococcal meningitis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis A, B and C, and various zoonotic diseases comprise some of the possible infectious hazards at the Hajj. Many of these infectious and non-infectious hazards can be avoided or averted by adopting appropriate prophylactic measures. Physicians and health personnel must be aware of these risks to appropriately educate, immunize and prepare these travellers facing the unique epidemiological challenges of Hajj in an effort to minimize untoward effects. Travel epidemiology related to the Hajj is a new and exciting area, which offers valuable insights to the travel specialist. The sheer scale of numbers affords a rare view of migration medicine in action. As data is continually gathered and both national and international policy making is tailored to vital insights gained through travel epidemiology, the Hajj will be continually safeguarded. Practitioners will gain from findings of travel related epidemiological changes in evolution at the Hajj: the impact of vaccinating policies, infection control policies and public health are afforded a real-world laboratory setting at each annual Hajj, allowing us to

  8. Travel-Related Venous Thrombosis: Results from a Large Population-Based Case Control Study (MEGA Study)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cannegieter, Suzanne C.; Doggen, Carine J.M.; Houwelingen, van Hans C.; Rosendaal, Frits R.

    2006-01-01

    Background Recent studies have indicated an increased risk of venous thrombosis after air travel. Nevertheless, questions on the magnitude of risk, the underlying mechanism, and modifying factors remain unanswered. Methods and Findings We studied the effect of various modes and duration of travel o

  9. Value of travel time savings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Le Masurier, P.; Polak, J.; Pawlak, Janet;

    2015-01-01

    A team of specialist market researchers and Value of Time experts comprising members from SYSTRA, Imperial College London and the Technical University of Denmark has conducted a formal audit and peer review of research undertaken by Arup/ITS Leeds/Accent to derive Value of Travel Time Savings...... Preference (RP) models that were used to derive final Values of Travel Time (VTT). This report contains the findings of our audit and peer review of the procedures adopted by the research team during data collection of the three surveys (SP, RP and Employers Surveys); a peer review of the reported approach...

  10. [Pulmonary diseases among returning travelers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barras, G; Michel, Y; Wagner, N; Loutan, L

    2012-05-01

    Respiratory tract infections are a frequent cause of travelers' health problems. Tropical diseases are relatively rare compared to common respiratory infections. Nevertheless, due to their potential gravity, they must be systematically considered. The differential diagnosis of tropical pathogens is wide. A targeted travel history taking into account specific epidemiological, geographical and behavioral risk factors helps focusing biological exams to identify the causative diagnosis. The chest radiography remains very helpful in this context; however, more specific exams, such as serologies are often necessary to reach a final diagnosis. PMID:22662629

  11. Traveling-Wave Membrane Photomixers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyss, R. A.; Martin, S. C.; Nakamura, B. J.; Neto, A.; Pasqualini, D.; Siegel, P. H.; Kadow, C.; Gossard, A. C.

    2001-01-01

    Traveling-wave photomixers have superior performance when compared with lumped area photomixers in the 1 to 3 THz frequency range. Their large active area and distributed gain mechanism assure high thermal damage threshold and elimination of the capacitive frequency roll-off. However, the losses experienced by the radio frequency wave traveling along the coplanar strips waveguide (due to underlying semi-infinite GaAs substrate) were a serious drawback. In this paper we present device designs and an experimental setup that make possible the realization of photomixers on membranes which eliminate the losses.

  12. Rabies and Risk to Travelers

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-10-01

    Each year over 55,000 people die because of rabies, mostly from being bitten by rabid dogs. Over half of all rabies infections occur in children under the age of 15 who live in developing countries, but travelers are not immune. This podcast discusses some of the activities that put travelers at risk for rabies and describes ways to prevent infection.  Created: 10/1/2007 by National Center for the Prevention, Detection and Control of Infectious Diseases (NCPDCID).   Date Released: 10/5/2007.

  13. Danish travel activities: do we travel more and longer – and to what extent?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Mette Aagaard

    Two separate Danish National travel surveys are analysed to outline the amount and extent of national and international travelling during the latest 15-20 years; the national travel survey (TU) describes mainly national daily travel activities, whereas the holiday and business travel survey...... describes national and international travel activities including overnight stay(s). When sampling only respondents with trips above 100 kilometres, they only accounts for around 2% of all daily travel activities, however, this share appears to increase and suggest in general that we do travel longer...... holidays. The majority of international travel is within Europe, but increasing travelling outside Europe is furthermore emerging. In total these trends implies that Danes do travel more and longer, which is related to a general increase in travelling within the whole population, but also more holidays per...

  14. Mind your travel ! Motivation, time use, and intent : Three factors of travel to be investigated

    OpenAIRE

    PAPON, Francis; Meissonnier, Joël

    2013-01-01

    The objective is to investigate the drivers of travel demand beyond the need to travel to destination; travellers may engage a trip for the sake of it, at least to some extent: travel includes a share of 'primary utility'. The paper focuses on two types of data and analysis: the primary utility of travel questions passed in the last French national travel survey, and eight dimensions of a trip proposed from a sociological analysis. The paper mixes these approaches and correlate survey answers...

  15. Preparing patients to travel abroad safely. Part 1: Taking a travel history and identifying special risks.

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas, R E

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To present for family physicians without access to a travel clinic and the Internet the questions to ask about the medical history and itinerary of their patients traveling abroad. To suggest ways to identify and advise high-risk patients. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: MEDLINE searches from 1990 to November 1998 located 51 articles on travel and diabetes, 37 on travel and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 63 on travel and heart disease, 192 on travel and pregnancy, and 298 on tr...

  16. Tradeoffs between time allocations to maintenance activities/travel and discretionary activities/travel

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Cynthia Q; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    2006-01-01

    This paper focuses on the tradeoff in time allocation between maintenance activities/travel and discretionary activities/travel. We recognize that people generally must travel a minimum amount of time in order to allocate one unit of time to the activity. This minimum amount of travel is represented by the travel time price, a ratio obtained by dividing the total amount of time traveling to maintenance or discretionary activities by the total amount of time spent on activities of the same typ...

  17. Effect of Rainfall on Travel Time and Accuracy of Travel Time prediction with rainfall

    OpenAIRE

    Chung, E; EL-FAOUZI, NE; Kuwahara, M

    2007-01-01

    Travel time is an important parameter to report to travelers. From the user's perspective, accurate predictions and an estimate of their precision are more beneficial than the current travel time since conditions may change significantly before a traveler completes the journey. Past researches have developed travel time prediction models without considering accidents and rain. Normally accident and Rain may cause to increase travel time. Therefore, it may be interesting to consider Rain and a...

  18. Contact Frequency, Travel Time, and Travel Costs for Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Sørensen; Louise Linde; Merete Lund Hetland

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate travel time, and travel cost related to contacts with health care providers for patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during a three-month period. Methods. Patient-reported travel time and travel cost were obtained from 2847 patients with RA. Eleven outpatient clinics across Denmark recruited patients to the study. Data collected included frequency, travel time and travel costs for contacts at rheumatology outpatient clinics, other outpatient clinics, general prac...

  19. Improving health through policies that promote active travel: A review of evidence to support integrated health impact assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nazelle, A. de; Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J.; Antó, J.M.; Brauer, M.; Briggs, D.; Braun-Fahrlander, C.; Cavill, N.; Cooper, A.R.; Desqueyroux, H.; Fruin, S.; Hoek, G.; Panis, L.I.; Janssen, N.; Jerrett, M.; Joffe, M.; Andersen, Z.J.; Kempen, E. van; Kingham, S.; Kubesch, N.; Leyden, K.M.; Marshall, J.D.; Matamala, J.; Mellios, G.; Mendez, M.; Nassif, H.; Ogilvie, D.; Peiró, R.; Pérez, K.; Rabl, A.; Ragettli, M.; Rodríguez, D.; Rojas, D.; Ruiz, P.; Sallis, J.F.; Terwoert, J.; Toussaint, J.-F.; Tuomisto, J.; Zuurbier, M.; Lebret, E.

    2011-01-01

    Substantial policy changes to control obesity, limit chronic disease, and reduce air pollution emissions, including greenhouse gasses, have been recommended. Transportation and planning policies that promote active travel by walking and cycling can contribute to these goals, potentially yielding fur

  20. Can a polycentric structure affect travel behaviour? A comparison of Melbourne, Australia and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    M. Alqhatani; S. Setunge; S. Mirodpour

    2014-01-01

    This study models the impact of the shift from a monocentric private-car-oriented city to polycentric public-transport-oriented city. Metropolitan areas have suffered traffic problems-in particular increase in travel time and travel distance. Urban expansion, population growth and road network development have led to urban sprawl in monocentric cities. In many monocentric cities, travel time and distance has steadily increased and is only expected to increase in the future. Excessive travel leads to several problems such as air pollution, noise, congestion, reduction in productive time, greenhouse emissions, and increased stress and accident rates. This study examines the interaction of land use and travel. A model was developed and calibrated to Melbourne and Riyadh conditions and used for scenario analysis. This model included two parts: a spatial model and a transport model. The scenario analysis included variations of residential and activity distribution, as well as conditions of public transport service.