WorldWideScience

Sample records for air mail service

  1. 76 FR 7114 - International Mail: Mailing Services Price Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-09

    ...The Postal Service will revise Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM[supreg]) for Mailing Services. This price change correlates to the Postal Service's January 13, 2011 filing of Docket No. R2011-2, Notice of Price Adjustment, with the Postal Regulatory Commission...

  2. New Snail Mail Scanning Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    Modernisation does not stop at the CERN postal service (GS/PS). “With more and more digitisation and the prevalence of e-mail throughout the site, we were hoping to provide more timely delivery of letters and make further saving in resources”, said Tueri Datta, head of GS/PS.   Instead of the standard delivery to your P.O. box, the CERN postal service will digitally scan all letters and books up to 100 pages on reception. These scans will subsequently be sent via e-mail to the corresponding recipient as PDF (Portable Data Format - you will need to install “Acrobat Reader” on your PC). Express mail will be handled with priority. Users without a valid CERN mailbox can register at mail.scan.service@cern.ch in order to have their letters read to them via the phone line (we are currently investigating whether we can use the voices of the last five DGs).   This service will start on 1st April 2012 on the Meyrin site and will gradually replace th...

  3. 76 FR 4820 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-27

    ... (75 FR 39477-39492), based on a previous price filing with the PRC that was not implemented. In that... as follows:] a. The parcels do not bear a GS1-128 or Intelligent Mail package barcode. b. The parcels...: 215100, 215200, 262700, 262800, and 216400. Determining Single-Piece Weights for Package Services...

  4. 76 FR 65640 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-24

    ... on February 6, 2009 (74 FR 6250-6257), the Postal Service announced our intention to discontinue the... barcode discount for all BPM, Media Mail , and Library Mail parcels. Special, Extra, and Other Services...-service automation mailings of First-Class Mail or Standard Mail letters and flats or BPM flats with...

  5. E-mail to SMS service change

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2010-01-01

    If you have a CERN e-mail account, you have probably already used one of the popular services that CERN’s IT Department offers to CERN users: the mail2SMS service. It allows any CERN e-mail account holder to send short messages (SMS) free of charge to CERN GSM phone numbers. Further to recent negotiations with our GSM operator, this service has been extended. It is now possible to send short messages free of charge to any Swiss mobile number. This extension of service aims at replacing the similar service that was made available by SWITCH(1) to CERN users (address: mobilenumber@sms.switch.ch). Because of repeated abuse, this service will be definitively stopped for CERN users on 15th January 2010. Please keep in mind that CERN’s e-mail to SMS service still has some restrictions: messages can only be sent from CERN mail accounts, and not from personal ones, such as GMAIL, MSN, Yahoo; the maximum length of the message is 160 characters (standard maximum SMS length); and only Swiss mobile...

  6. 75 FR 70128 - 2011 Changes for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... Domestic Mailing Services (75 FR 39477-39492). We are re-filing separately with the Postal Regulatory... , Bound Printed Matter (BPM), Media Mail , and Library Mail single-piece parcel weights will be...

  7. 78 FR 12368 - Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... Priority Mail Contract 47 Negotiated Service Agreement. This notice informs the public of the filing... Service filed notice that it has agreed to an amendment to existing Priority Mail Contract 47, which...

  8. Important update of CERN Mail Services

    CERN Document Server

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    The CERN Mail Services are evolving. In the course of June and July 2009, all CERN mailboxes will be updated with a new infrastructure for hosting mailboxes, running Exchange 2007. This update is taking place in order to provide the capacity upgrade for the constantly growing volume of CERN mailboxes. It is also the opportunity to provide a number of improvements to CERN mailboxes: new and improved Outlook Web Access (the web interface used to access your mailbox from a web browser, also known as "webmail"), new features in the Out-of-Office auto-reply assistant, easier spam management... The update will preserve the mailbox configuration and no specific action is required by users. During the next weeks, each mailbox will be individually notified of the upcoming update the day before it takes place. We invite all users to carefully read this notification as it will contain the latest information for this update. The mailbox will be unavailable for a short time during the ni...

  9. Is Mail Service Pharmacy Cost Beneficial to Plan Sponsors?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Vulakh, Student Pharmacist

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to describe and compare prescription drug costs charged to a plan sponsor for the top 50 maintenance medications provided through retail and mail service procurement channels. Data were obtained for covered beneficiaries of a health plan sponsored by an employer with just over 3,000 covered employees The analytics team at the PBM administering the plan sponsor’s prescription drug benefit provided de-identified claims information for the top 50 maintenance prescription drugs delivered through either mail service or retail procurement methods for this employer over a one year period (7/1/2008 to 6/30/2009. Based on these data, (1 dollar amount difference (mail service minus retail, and (2 percentage difference between mail and retail costs (as a percentage of the lower net cost per day were computed. The findings revealed that 76 percent of the medication products studied were associated with a lower net cost per day to the plan sponsor through mail service procurement and 24 percent were associated with lower net cost through retail procurement.

  10. 76 FR 79072 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... proposed rule in the Federal Register (FR 76 65640-65653) based on the PRC filing. This final rule conveys... February 6, 2009 (74 FR 6250-6257), the Postal Service announced our intention to discontinue the NFM... also will discontinue the 3-cent barcode discount for all Bound Printed Matter (BPM), Media Mail ,...

  11. 75 FR 57410 - Address Correction Notices for Letters and Flats Qualifying for Full-Service Intelligent Mail and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-21

    ... and nixie notices without charge for First-Class Mail , Standard Mail , and Bound Printed Matter (BPM... mailed at First-Class Mail, Standard Mail, or BPM prices. This change will coincide with the current Move... without charge for Full- Service First-Class Mail, Standard Mail, and BPM full-service pieces. Prices...

  12. 76 FR 77133 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-12

    ...: * * * * * c. All Parcel Select mailpieces must bear a unique tracking barcode or Intelligent Mail package... Shipping Services: Express Mail ; Priority Mail ; First-Class Package Service\\TM\\; Parcel Select ; Parcel... boxes online at http://www.usps.com . First-Class Package Service Presort Fee Clarification...

  13. 78 FR 23137 - Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    ... Rulemaking in the Federal Register (77 FR 63771-63781) to require use of full-service Intelligent Mail to... Printed Matter (BPM) postcards, letters, or flats, as applicable. For questions regarding full-service... First-Class Mail, Standard Mail, Periodicals, and BPM. Ability to provide real-time alerts to...

  14. 78 FR 76533 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... Register final rule (75 FR 51668-51671) which were incorporated into the DMM on January 2, 2011. These FSS... standards for automation compatibility. Bound Printed Matter (BPM) flats prepared under these standards... * * * * * 365 Mail Preparation 1.0 General Information for Mail Preparation * * * * * 1.6 FSS Preparation...

  15. 77 FR 75362 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... Wrappers for Periodicals We clarify that the term ``mailing wrapper'' includes all types of packaging used... imprint indicia standards allowing customers to include business-related color images, such as corporate logos, company brand, or trademarks, in the permit indicia area on commercial mailings of IMb TM...

  16. 77 FR 64768 - International Mailing Services: Proposed Product and Price Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... Bulk Mailing. Restricted Delivery Due to low quantity demand by customers, the Postal Service proposes to discontinue outbound international restricted delivery service. Currently, restricted delivery is... Service will continue to offer inbound international restricted delivery service. International...

  17. 75 FR 70132 - New Incentive Programs and Other Changes for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... Mailing Services (75 FR 39477-39492). We received comments from three mailer associations regarding the..., 2009 (74 FR 55140-55142), we stated: ``We will analyze the results of the PBV samples periodically, and... 111 New Incentive Programs and Other Changes for Domestic Mailing Services AGENCY: Postal Service....

  18. 76 FR 58433 - Proposal To Revise Service Standards for First-Class Mail, Periodicals, and Standard Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-21

    ... customers, because mail pieces dropped off at blue collection boxes and other retail collection points... Market-Dominant Products, 72 FR 72221 (Dec. 19, 2007). Therefore, any service standard revisions adopted... that have zone-based pricing may experience price changes, if the locations at which they...

  19. Private mail

    CERN Document Server

    GS Unit

    2008-01-01

    The internal mail service deals exclusively with the Organization’s official mail. Non-official mail with no stamp on the envelope will not be sent. Please write systematically your name and Department beneath CERN’s address so that the Mail Office can notify you in case of doubt. Anyone who has recently mailed goods is requested to call 75353 in order to make arrangements to recover them. Mail Office

  20. 77 FR 64775 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... term ``mailing wrapper'' includes all types of packaging used to enclose Periodicals publications, by... picture permit imprint indicia standards allowing customers to include business-related color images, such as corporate logos, company brand, or trademarks, in the permit indicia area on commercial...

  1. 75 FR 76282 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ..., (75 FR 68430-68447), citing the standards for the January 2, 2011, Shipping Services price change... 8, 2010 (75 FR 68430-68447), a document revising Mailing Standards of the United States Postal... 111 Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes AGENCY: Postal...

  2. International Air Services

    OpenAIRE

    Productivity Commission

    2001-01-01

    On 12 December 1997 the Treasurer referred international air services arrangements to the Industry Commission for inquiry and report within nine months. The Commission was asked to report on the arrangements for negotiating entitlements under air services agreements and the process of allocating capacity entitlements to Australian carriers.

  3. Evaluation of e-mail reference service in University Donja Gorica library

    OpenAIRE

    Tomić, Tamara

    2015-01-01

    Reference service in academic libraries has been in use for a very long time. The University Donja Gorica Library (UDG) is the first library in Montenegro providing e-mail reference service. The purpose of this research is to examinee-mails containing reference questions at UDG. This evaluation discusses the first three years (2008-2011) of implementing this service at UDG and shows its importance and usability for library users. The thesis presents and evaluates this service, some improvemen...

  4. IntegraTUM Teilprojekt E-Mail: Rezentralisierung von E-Mail-Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehn, Max; Haarer, Ado; Schreiner, Alexander; Storz, Michael

    Das Teilprojekt E-Mail hatte ursprünglich die Aufgabe einen zentralen Mailservice mit verteilter Administration der Mailadressen für die TUM aufzubauen und diesen durch Anti-Spam- und Anti-Viren-Maßnahmen zu schützen. Auf diesen Mailservice sollten sowohl die am LRZ gehosteten Maildomains als auch die vielen lokal betriebenen Mailserver - soweit von deren Betreibern gewünscht - migriert werden. Neben einigen Rückschlägen und Hindernissen kam es im Laufe des Projektes auch zu einer Änderung der Anforderungen, sodass zum Ende des Projektes statt eines reinen Mailsystems ein Doppelsystem mit "shared SMTP address space" bestehend aus einem klassischen Message-Store mit POP/IMAP-Zugriff auf Basis von Postfix + Dovecot und einem Groupware-System auf Basis von Microsoft Exchange in Produktion ging, wobei jeder Mitarbeiter und Student der TUM wählen kann, auf welchem der beiden Systeme sich seine Mailbox befindet.

  5. POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: GENERAL MAIL AND VEHICLE MAINTENANCE FACILITY, UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE, BUFFALO, NY

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) summarized here was conducted at a U.S.Postal Service (USPS) Facility in Buffalo, NY. The PPOA documented and quantified waste generation at the General Mail Facility (GMF) where mail is processed, and at the Vehicle Maintena...

  6. 21 CFR 203.36 - Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services, comarketing agreements, and third-party...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services... Samples § 203.36 Fulfillment houses, shipping and mailing services, comarketing agreements, and third... manufacturer or authorized distributor of record that uses a fulfillment house, shipping or mailing service,...

  7. 75 FR 39477 - New Standards for Domestic Mailing Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... Register final rule published October 27, 2009 (74 FR 55140-55142), we stated: ``We will analyze the... February 6, 2009 (74 FR 6250-6257), we announced our intention to discontinue the NFM category in May 2010... packages weighing up to 1 pound. ] Parcel Post, Bound Printed Matter (BPM), Media Mail, and Library...

  8. 78 FR 63915 - New Mailing Standards for Domestic Mailing Services Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-25

    ... standards in the August 23, 2010 Federal Register, final rule (75 FR 51668-51671) which were incorporated... Matter (BPM) flats prepared under these standards placed on FSS scheme pallets, sacks or trays, and... BPM flats at this time. Additionally, the Postal Service is currently investigating the...

  9. DEMAND MODELS FOR DIRECT MAIL AND PERIODICALS DELIVERY SERVICES: RESULTS FOR A TRANSITION ECONOMY

    OpenAIRE

    Beko, Jani; Jagric, Timotej

    2009-01-01

    Abstract This paper examines the demand for services of the Slovenian national postal operator for the direct mail and periodicals market and separately for the direct mail market. The main factors of the demand are found to be various price indicators with respect to individual market, two income series and the variable of economic environment. The results of our empirical analysis suggest that the price elasticity of demand on both markets is below zero. The autonomy in price inc...

  10. Integrating E-mail Service with Opportunistic Network

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Kunkun

    2011-01-01

    Haggle is a networking architecture for content-centric opportunistic communication. Legacy networks and legacy services are possible to be integrated into Haggle. A typical legacy service is email service. The key problem for integrating email service is that data is opportunistically transmitted to any node and any node which has Internet connection could be a potential email gateway. Therefore, one email may find many gateways in Haggle and duplicate emails will be sent to a destination. A...

  11. E-Mail discussion Forums in Library and Information Services (LIS: A Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanavandan S

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The email facilities are currently provided free service through many search engines groups. The discussion forums are discussed through e-mail groups in same professions. The terms discussion forum “Forum, Mailing list and List are using interchangeably. This paper made an attempt to analysis library and information services (LIS forum. This paper analysed the highlights definition, purpose of the study, groups available over the internet and features of the forum, .the number of members, the mode of hosting the messages among LIS forum.

  12. Mail Office

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2009-01-01

    The Mail Office wishes to remind users that the CERN mail service is exclusively reserved for official CERN mail. All external official mail must be sent to the Mail Office in an unstamped envelope on which your name and Department must be clearly indicated below the official CERN address (see example) to help us to find you in the event that it cannot be delivered. If you wish to send private mail from the CERN site you must use the post offices at Meyrin (63-R-011) or Prévessin (866-R-C02). Please use "PRIORITY" envelopes only in the case of urgent mail. Any mail containing merchandise (i.e. anything other than documents) must be sent using an EDH shipping request form. INTERNAL MAIL Please remember to include the recipient’s MAILBOX number on the internal mail envelopes, either in the relevant box (new envelopes) or next to the name (old envelopes). This information, which can be found in the CERN PHONEBOOK, simplifies our t...

  13. Air Freight and Logistics Services

    OpenAIRE

    Kiso, Fadila; Deljanin, Abidin

    2009-01-01

    Air transport industry has gradually increased its share of global passenger and freight traffic, and this trend has accelerated in the last 40 years. For the past decade, air-freight traffic growth has outpaced air passenger traffic growth by 1-2% each year. In the past, air-freight sector offered limited services, with heavy reliance on several intermediaries and a significant dependence on air passenger operations. The sector can now be characterized as a sophisticated, innovative one, rel...

  14. New information technology and communication in health care: using e-mail for marketing services

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Iván Martínez Espitia

    2015-01-01

    Research that was conducted was aimed to determine their use of e-mail independent health professionals. Email is one of the tools of information and communication that has shown great versatility and efciency as a means to improve the relationship between those who provide services or sell products users. Good communication is essential to keep current customers and attract new business prospects. To achieve the objective of the research a survey that measured the perception and use of email...

  15. INTERNAL MAIL ENVELOPES

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2002-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  16. INTERNAL MAIL ENVELOPES

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2002-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration.   Mail Office

  17. URGENT - Internal Mail Envelopes

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  18. URGENT - Internal Mail Envelopes

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2004-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  19. Internal mail envelopes

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unusual stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. Mail Office

  20. 77 FR 63771 - Implementation of Full-Service Intelligent Mail Requirements for Automation Prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-17

    ... published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register (77 FR 23643-23647) to require... Mail, Periodicals, and Bound Printed Matter (BPM) when mailing postcards, letters, and flats... FCM, Standard Mail, Periodicals, and BPM). Mailers would be able to more effectively plan...

  1. 75 FR 68430 - Domestic Shipping Services Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-08

    ... offering, and all mailpieces must bear the Hold For Pickup label with an Intelligent Mail package barcode..., mailers may reference the addendum to Publication 91, Addendum for Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb... Barcode, Package, Intelligent Mail (USPS2000508) Specification and Publication 91, Addendum...

  2. Federal Mail Expenditures

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Agencies annually report mail data using the Simplified Mail Accountability Reporting Tool (SMART), a web-based reporting tool cosponsored by GSA and the Department...

  3. New information technology and communication in health care: using e-mail for marketing services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Iván Martínez Espitia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Research that was conducted was aimed to determine their use of e-mail independent health professionals. Email is one of the tools of information and communication that has shown great versatility and efciency as a means to improve the relationship between those who provide services or sell products users. Good communication is essential to keep current customers and attract new business prospects. To achieve the objective of the research a survey that measured the perception and use of email marketing by independent health professionals was conducted in Colombia. Four variables, including tenure email account, receiving these email accounts marketing of products or services, read marketing emails and use by marketing professionals were measured with email. The result of this study showed that independent health professionals in Colombia are familiar with this type of marketing. Generally interested incorporate it as one of your marketing tools, but do not know how to do this activity, which is described in a simple way how to do a marketing campaign with the use of emails to the users of health services.

  4. INTERNAL MAIL ENVELOPES

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2001-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration.

  5. INTERNAL MAIL ENVELOPES

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2002-01-01

    Internal mail envelopes often finish up in large piles in certain offices, thus creating a shortage for other users of the mail service, who would be grateful if everyone with an unused stock could deposit them in their mail box, after attaching them together with an elastic band or piece of string. The messengers will then collect them so that the Mail Office can put them back in circulation. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration.

  6. Proposal for the award of an industrial service contract for stores operations and relatedlogistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    This document concerns the award of an industrial support contract for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with the consortium ISS (CH) - ISS (ES), for stores operations and related logistics, in-house mail distribution and transport services on the CERN site for a period of three years for a total amount not exceeding 10 312 028 Swiss francs not subject to revision. The contract will include options for two one-year extensions beyond the initial three-year period.

  7. E-mail security: mail clients must use encrypted protocols

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    In the coming weeks, users of mail clients other than Outlook (e.g. Pine, Mozilla, Mac Mail, etc.) may receive an e-mail from Mail-service@cern.ch with instructions to update the security settings of their mail client. The aim of this campaign is to enforce the use of encrypted and authenticated mail protocols in order to prevent the propagation of viruses and protect passwords from theft. As a first step, from 6 June 2006 onwards, access to mail servers from outside CERN will require a securely configured mail client as described in the help page http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=191040. On this page most users will also find tools that will update their mail client settings automatically. Note that Outlook clients and WebMail access are not affected. The Mail Team

  8. 78 FR 24239 - Temporary Mailing Promotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... that employ Full Service Intelligent Mail barcodes (IMb). The total value of the promotion will be... Periodicals, and Package Services Bound Printed Matter Flats (collectively, Qualifying Mail). Id. at 3. To be.... Pricing Class of mail authority (%) First-Class Mail 0.077 Standard Mail 0.158 Periodicals 0.244...

  9. 39 CFR 233.3 - Mail covers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Air Lift, except M-bags; First-Class Mail International; Global Bulk Economy, except M-bags; certain Global Direct mail as specified by customer contract; and International Transit Mail. (4) Unsealed mail... International; Global Express Guaranteed items containing only documents; Priority Mail International...

  10. 77 FR 75678 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service notice concerning changes to Inbound Air Parcel Post (at UPU...

  11. IntegraTUM Teilprojekt E-Mail: Aufbau eines mandantenfähigen Groupware-Services und seine Integration in Identity Management und E-Mail Infrastruktur der Technischen Universität München

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diehn, Max

    Die E-Mail-Infrastruktur an der Technischen Universität München (TUM) ist historisch bedingt sehr heterogen und komplex. Viele Einrichtungen müssen wertvolle Arbeitskraft auf die Administration eigener Mailserver verwenden. Auf der anderen Seite wird bei einigen Einrichtungen der Ruf nach Groupware-Funktionalitäten wie z.B. gemeinsame Kalender immer lauter. Das Teilprojekt E-Mail stellt einen zentralen Mail- und Groupware-Service bereit, der den Einrichtungen ermöglichen soll, den Betrieb eigener Server und zugehöriger Systeme (etwa lokaler Benutzerverwaltungen) für diesen Zweck aufzugeben und diese Dienste an das Teilprojekt E-Mail zu migrieren, ohne ihre Verwaltungshoheit oder ihre Maildomains aufgeben zu müssen. Dieser Service versteht sich als eine Ergänzung zur bestehenden Grundversorgung der TUM mit den Maildiensten des myTUM-Mailers, ist mandantenfähig aufgebaut und kann daher künftig neben der TUM auch weiteren Organisationen im Münchner Wissenschaftsnetz zur Verfügung gestellt werden.

  12. Extending the Invitation: Using First Class Mail To Advertise and Encourage the Use of Library Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothlisberg, Allen P.

    This report describes how the Northland Pioneer College (Arizona) Library advertises its services and its learning resource center collections. The services that are provided are listed, and it is noted that the library uses bookmarks, flyers, and public service announcements via newspapers, cable outlets, and radio stations to publicize these…

  13. 14 CFR 302.720 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 302.720 Section 302.720... Processing Contracts for the Carriage of Mail in Foreign Air Transportation § 302.720 Service. A copy of each... scheduled mail services between any pair of points between which mail is to be transported pursuant to...

  14. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and mutagenicity in bus drivers and mail carriers exposed to urban air pollution in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Åse Marie; Wallin, Håkan; Binderup, Mona Lise; Dybdahl, Marianne; Autrup, Herman; Loft, Steffen; Knudsen, Lisbeth E.

    2004-01-01

    assay with Salmonella tester strain YG1021 and S9 mix. The N-acetyltransferase (NAT2) phenotype was used as a biomarker for susceptibility to mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds. RESULTS: Bus drivers excreted more 1-hydroxypyrene in urine than did mail carriers. The differences were slightly smaller when...

  15. 77 FR 65912 - Priority Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-31

    ... Priority Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 19. This notice... existing Priority Mail Contract 19 subject to this docket.\\1\\ The Postal Service includes one attachment...

  16. 77 FR 71643 - Standard Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Standard Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning Standard Mail pricing and related matters. This...

  17. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... a Functionally Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to include a new International Business Reply Service...

  18. Assessment of the market for compressed air services

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2001-01-01

    The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive and balanced view of the market for engineering and consulting services to improve the energy efficiency of plant compressed air systems. The report is intended for use by Compressed Air Challenge and other industrial energy efficiency program operators in developing strategies to encourage the growth of the compressed air system efficiency and enhance the quality of the services it offers.

  19. 75 FR 47717 - Content of Periodicals Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-09

    ... Periodicals Mail'' published by the Federal Register on July 20, 2010 (75 FR 41989-41991) is revised to... March 27, 1995, the Postal Service published a final rule in the Federal Register (60 FR 10021-10029... Part 111 Content of Periodicals Mail AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\ ACTION: Final rule; revised....

  20. 77 FR 28488 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries and Other Dangerous Goods

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-15

    ...The Postal Service is revising the Mailing Standards of the United States Postal Service, International Mail Manual (IMM[supreg]) part 136, to incorporate standards that prohibit the outbound international mailing of lithium batteries and devices containing lithium...

  1. Securing electronic mail: The risks and future of electronic mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weeber, S. A.

    1993-03-01

    The network explosion of the past decade has significantly affected how many of us conduct our day to day work. We increasingly rely on network services such as electronic mail, file transfer, and network newsgroups to collect and distribute information. Unfortunately, few of the network services in use today were designed with the security issues of large heterogeneous networks in mind. In particular, electronic mail, although heavily relied upon, is notoriously insecure. Messages can be forged, snooped, and even altered by users with only a moderate level of system proficiency. The level of trust that can be assigned at present to these services needs to be carefully considered. In the past few years, standards and tools have begun to appear addressing the security concerns of electronic mail. Principal among these are RFC's 1421, 1422, 1423, and 1424, which propose Internet standards in the areas of message encipherment, key management, and algorithms for privacy enhanced mail (PEM). Additionally, three PEM systems, offering varying levels of compliance with the PEM RFC's, have also recently emerged: PGP, RIPEM, and TIS/PEM. This paper addresses the motivations and requirements for more secure electronic mail, and evaluates the suitability of the currently available PEM systems.

  2. 75 FR 72686 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... September 17, 2010, the Postal Service published a proposed rule in the Federal Register (75 FR 56920-56922...'' prefix, or Intelligent Mail package barcode (eVS approved mailers) symbology with a unique Service Type... Barcode Requirement An electronic service barcode using the USS 128, USS 39, or Intelligent Mail...

  3. 78 FR 11237 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contract... entered into an additional Global Reseller Expedited Package Contracts 1 negotiated service...

  4. 78 FR 70601 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning a bilateral rate and service agreement with...

  5. 77 FR 74033 - Standard Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Standard Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to an existing negotiated service...

  6. PixMail: Pictures through mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blattner, Meera; Sierra, Francisco; Prassinos, Peter

    1989-02-01

    PixMail is a set of procedures for sending pictures through internet mail. The pictures can be sent or received by personal computers, terminals with or without raster capability, and facsimile machines. Optical scanners may be used as input to the picture file and printers may be used as an output device once the raster file is stored in a form used by a paint editor. No additional equipment needs to be purchased by the users to send or receive PixMail (unless facsimile input/output is desired) and it is no more difficult to send or receive than ordinary UNIX mail. PixMail uses the protocols of existing electronic mail for transmission from any ARPAnet or MILnet user to any other.

  7. Pasodoble- The GMES Downstream Service Project for Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erbertseder, Thilo; Pasodoble Consortium

    2010-12-01

    PASODOBLE will develop and demonstrate user- driven information services for the regional and local air quality sectors by combining space-based and in-situ data with models in the following thematic service lines: (1) Health community support, (2) Public information and assessment support, (3) Compliance monitoring support for particulate matter and (4) Local forecast model evaluation support. Continuing on the achievements of the ESA GSE PROMOTE project, PASODOBLE will stimulate the development of quality-assured air quality services by increasing the implementation efficiency of demonstrated and operational services in the future for the benefit of the European citizen.

  8. Air service to small communities, directions for the future. [conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vittek, J. F., Jr. (Editor)

    1974-01-01

    The seminar on the problems of providing air service to low and medium density points is reported. National transport policies and programs are discussed along with the technology aspects. Recommendations for ATC, CAB, and FAA are included.

  9. SU-E-T-433: Calibration Accuracy in Mailed High-Resolution 3D Dosimetry Service for SRS/SBRT QA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: SRS/SBRT combines hypofractionation with excellent dose distributions. However, extremely steep gradients across the target along with dose escalation, if not administered accurately, may lead to serious complications, recurrences, or even fatalities. Existing commercial QA products either lack adequate spatial resolution or the 3D aspect. By contrast, the new CrystalBall™ mailed high-resolution 3D dosimetry service removes the above limitations while reducing the overall workload on medical physics staff. The exposed dosimeters, which change optical density in proportion to local dose, are sent back to the manufacturer (MGS Research Inc., Madison, CT) for sub-millimeter-resolution laser-CT scanning and QA data analysis. QA report is returned electronically within 24 hours. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose calibration accuracy in this system. Methods: Two spherical CrystalBall™ polymer gel dosimeters from the same batch, 166 mm diameter, with embedded 3D image registration markers, were mounted in a special phantom designed for reproducible positioning. For full end to end testing, the optical guidance array was mounted onto the phantom and a CT was taken. Two separate Rapid Arc SRS plans were designed. Varian Medical Systems optical guidance system was used to position the phantom and the SRS treatment plans were delivered to the two spheres on Varian's Trilogy Accelerator. Exposed dosimeters were mailed back to the manufacturer for laser CT scanning and analysis. Results: For each plan, 3D gamma passing rate was 100% for 2%/2mm distance-to-agreement criteria above 50% isodose level. The two calibration curves, generated using volumetric dose and optical density data, showed excellent mutual agreement (max difference 2.2%, median difference 0.75%). Conclusion: The clinical utility of new CrystalBall™ mailed QA service for SRS/SBRT and high accuracy of dose calibration have been validated. The workflow associated with the use

  10. E-mail marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Jurnečková, Jana

    2014-01-01

    The thesis deals with e-mail marketing. It focuses on identifying factors that affect the behavior of users of e-mail and newsletter subscribers. It evaluates the role of e-mail marketing as a part of communication mix of companies and e-shops, current trends, e-mail campaigns, e-mail marketing software provider. To study the behavior of users of e-mail and newsletter subscribers a questionnaire survey was conducted on a sample of 610 respondents and in-depth interviews (n = 30). Content anal...

  11. 77 FR 74032 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning modification of a mail contract with Singapore Post... (Notice). Contract history and scope. The Modified Agreement revises the existing Singapore Post...

  12. 77 FR 70849 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... Letter Post small packets and use of business rules for international mail settlement. Id. at 4-5. The... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning a Type 2 rate adjustment in conjunction with a mail... filed a notice, pursuant to 39 CFR 3010.40 et seq., announcing a Type 2 rate adjustment in...

  13. Mail Delivery | 19 December

    CERN Multimedia

    Mail Office

    2014-01-01

    Due to the annual closure of CERN, no mail will be distributed on Friday, 19 December but mail will still be collected in the morning. Nevertheless, it will be possible for you to bring outgoing mail to building 555-R-002 until 12 noon.

  14. Mail Office annual closure

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    On the occasion of the annual closure of CERN, there will be no mail distributed on Friday 20 December 2013 but mail will be collected in the morning. Nevertheless, you will still be able to bring your outgoing mail to Building 555-R-002 until 12 noon.  

  15. Virtual Racism Rears its Head: Uncovering Librarian Bias in E-mail Reference Services. A review of: Shachaf, Pnina, and Sarah Horowitz. “Are Virtual Reference Services Color Blind?” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006): 501‐20.

    OpenAIRE

    Wendy Furlan

    2007-01-01

    Objective – To examine whether librarians provide equitable virtual reference services to diverse user groups.Design – Unobtrusive method of defined scenarios submitted via e-mail.Setting – Twenty‐three Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member libraries from across the United States. All ARL member libraries were invited to participate, with the 23 acceptances providing 19% participation.Subjects – Anonymous librarians from the 23 participating libraries’ virtual e‐mail reference servic...

  16. Online data mining services for dynamic spatial databases II: air quality location based services and sonification

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira, Luís; Barbosa, Álvaro; Jorge C. S. Cardoso; Carvalhos, Vasco; Manuel COSTA; Sousa, Inês; Franco, Ivan; Fonseca, Alexandra; Henriques, Diana; Rosa, Paulo

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces online data mining services for dynamic spatial databases associated with environmental monitoring networks. In particular, it describes an application that uses these services with sonification for air quality location based information services to the general public. The data mining services use Artificial Neural Networks, to find temporal relations in the monitored parameters. The execution of the algorithms performed at the server side and a distrib...

  17. 77 FR 42016 - Product Change-Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-17

    ... Change--Every Door Direct Mail--Retail AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Postal... Door Direct Mail--Retail to the market-dominant product list within the Mail Classification Schedule... Direct Mail--Retail to the Mail Classification Schedule, pursuant to 39 U.S.C. 3642. Documents...

  18. Selecting appropriate Internet advertising type in air transport services,Case Study: Iran Air Airlines (Homa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Zargham Borojeni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is looking for selecting the appropriate form of Internet advertising in the air transport services. The model which is used in this research is a combination of structural models of the interactive advertising, interactive advertising model TOORSON Mr. RAGERS, Mr. Kasipo, and Patty probability model complexity and model of how advertising Mr. Vaqn, obtained, is used. The purpose of this study is to select the appropriate form of Internet advertising in the air transport services, (case study: Iran Air. This study is descriptive - survey. For gathering information, a questionnaire was used. The questionnaire included four parts. With applying exploratory data analysis methods (comparison of the relative frequencies according to the results of Sections 2 and 4 of questionnaires, the Internet advertising Skyscraper as the most desirable form of Internet advertising in air transport services is selected.

  19. Selecting appropriate Internet advertising type in air transport services,Case Study: Iran Air Airlines (Homa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    anna alaei

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is looking for selecting the appropriate form of Internet advertising in the air transport services. The model which is used in this research is a combination of structural models of the interactive advertising, interactive advertising model TOORSON Mr. RAGERS, Mr. Kasipo, and Patty probability model complexity and model of how advertising Mr. Vaqn, obtained, is used. The purpose of this study is to select the appropriate form of Internet advertising in the air transport services, (case study: Iran Air. This study is descriptive - survey. For gathering information, a questionnaire was used. The questionnaire included four parts. With applying exploratory data analysis methods (comparison of the relative frequencies according to the results of Sections 2 and 4 of questionnaires, the Internet advertising Skyscraper as the most desirable form of Internet advertising in air transport services is selected.

  20. 77 FR 62446 - Every Door Direct Mail-Retail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... 111 Every Door Direct Mail-Retail AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. ] SUMMARY: This final rule establishes the retail option of Every Door Direct Mail-Retail (EDDM-Retail) as a formal... announcement to make EDDM-Retail a permanent product, and contains the revisions to Mailing Standards of...

  1. 75 FR 56922 - Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... 111 Implementation of the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Advance... Intelligent Mail package barcodes (IMpb), no later than January of 2011; and expects to require the mandatory...Standards@usps.gov , with a subject line of ``Intelligent Mail Package Barcode comments.'' Faxed...

  2. E-mail marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Tůmová, Kateřina

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this work is to specify the e-mail marketing and in the practical application to evaluate the pros and cons of e-mail marketing as a tool of targeted marketing communication.Based on personal interviews with representatives of the company was described their existing e-mail marketing.Through the survey it was found, how customers perceive the company's e-mail marketing.Based on the survey, changes were proposed at the end of the thesis.

  3. 39 CFR Appendix A to Subpart A of... - Mail Classification Schedule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mail Classification Schedule A Appendix A to... Classification Schedule Pt. 3020, Subpt. A, App. A Appendix A to Subpart A of Part 3020—Mail Classification... Flats Bound Printed Matter Parcels Media Mail/Library Mail Special Services Ancillary...

  4. Air Freight Service Development Plan : Case: CMA CGM Logistics Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Giang

    2014-01-01

    Being one of the fastest-growing nations in the world, Vietnam is trading across the border actively and at the same time attracting multiple foreign investments. Import and export activities are occurring vigorously which leads to a huge potential for international transportation sectors, particularly for aviation industry. Hence, the ultimate goal of this thesis is to establish a development plan of air freight service for the case company – CMA CGM Logistics Vietnam (CCLOG VN). The stu...

  5. Introduction to Mail Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvarnsing G. Bhable

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Developing different techniques to overcome this problem and protect the consumer, which planted in the hearts of trust people and encouraged them to purchase via the internet. At first you must know what is the main reason for the work of the filtration email the mail service is fast and easy way to exchange messages are singing from the use of traditional mail, there are a large number from of services in the internet requires that you have one email sometimes one of us would like to cancel his participation in one of the sites because of the large number of incoming messages to him from the site does not know and have for a way unsubscribe to get rid of these messages, or would like one of us that some of the messages is prohibited from specific people or locations for some of these problems has the following solution is the work of a filter to any e-mail and work ban for unwanted messages application spam filtering as a last resort, you can set up your own spam blocker with your email application's built-in filter capability Email filtering is the processing of email to organize it according to specified criteria.

  6. UNSOLICITED ELECTRONIC MAIL

    CERN Multimedia

    Judy RICHARDS

    1999-01-01

    Since November 1997 we have been actively trying to reduce the amount of unsolicited electronic mail, commonly known as SPAM mail that arrives in CERN mailboxes. Unfortunately this is not an easy job since the spammers are constantly finding new ways of breaking our defences! Today spammers are 'forging' addresses in the headers and envelopes of mail in such a way that it is difficult to distinguish between legitimate mail and spams. An additional problem, that does not directly affect most CERN users but does use CERN resources and affects the reputation of CERN, is caused by the spammers who try to make mail look as if it comes from a CERN machine.They either try to route the mail via a CERN machine or simply forge the mail headers to a CERN address so it will have less chance of being blocked by the recipient's anti-spam defences.Although some anti-spam measures can be automated, for many someone has to look at the system logs and spam reports from users and make a human judgement as to what should be bloc...

  7. 77 FR 71642 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Services 3 contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses... Expedited Package Services (GEPS) 3 contract (Contract).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39...

  8. 78 FR 55124 - Domestic Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-09

    ... Domestic Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing seeking to add Parcel Select Contract 7 to the competitive product... Select Contract 7 to the competitive product list.\\1\\ The Postal Service asserts that Parcel...

  9. 78 FR 57419 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning a bilateral rate and service agreement with Korea...

  10. 77 FR 16568 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-21

    ... has entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) contract.\\1\\ The Postal... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional International Business...

  11. 77 FR 70850 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... business rules related to changes in settlement; encouragement of incentives for optional activities, such... noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning a Type 2 rate adjustment in conjunction with a mail...., announcing a Type 2 rate adjustment in conjunction with a new negotiated service agreement.\\1\\ The...

  12. 76 FR 47614 - Mail Classification Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-05

    ... Mail Classification Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request for a change in classification to the ``Reply... Service filed a notice of classification change pursuant to 39 CFR 3020.90 and 3020.91 concerning...

  13. Servicii de referinţe prin e-mail

    OpenAIRE

    Coravu, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Among the digital reference services category, e-mail reference services have known the most rapid spreading inside the library world. This study analyses the main aspects of e-mail reference services (service parameters, elements of a query form, the characteristics of electronic messages sent during the reference process). Also, the advantages and disadvantages of this reference services are presented, suggesting a few strategies for rising their efficiency.

  14. The project for virus mails and junk mails

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Along with the application of network, Email is becoming more and more important for people's communication. But like other net work applications, Email is being infracted by Virus Mails and Junk mails. Sendmail and Procmail are used to deal with Virus Mails and Junk mails in this paper. It is effective to prevent the IHCP (Institute of High Energy Physics Academia Sinica) mail server from attacks now

  15. Internet versus mail

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Søren Bøye

    In a choice experiment setup, this paper suggests that internet surveys can be a viable alternative to traditional mail surveys when gathering feedback from a sample of respondents. In a study concerning preferences for avoiding encroachment of nature areas in future motorway planning in Denmark......, two samples of respondents are surveyed – one by internet and one by mail. Results suggest that additional self-selection mechanisms in the internet survey mode lead to the internet sample being less representative of the survey population than is the case for the mail sample. Similar response rates...... are obtained in the two samples, but the internet sample is apparently less prone to protest bidding. A thorough parametric analysis cannot reject that stated preferences elicited by use of the two different modes of sampling are identical. This suggests that the fear of a potential survey mode effect...

  16. Techniques and Tools for Forensic Investigation of E-mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail has emerged as the most important application on Internet for communication of messages, delivery of documents and carrying out of transactions and is used not only from computers but many other electronic gadgets like mobile phones. Over a period of year’s e-mail protocols have been secured through several security extensions and producers, however, cybercriminals continue to misuse it for illegitimate purposes by sending spam, phishing e-mails, distributing child pornography, and hate emails besides propagating viruses, worms, hoaxes and Trojan horses. Further, Internet infrastructure misuse through denial of service, waste of storage space and computational resources are costing everyInternet user directly or indirectly. It is thus essential to identify and eliminate users and machines misusing e-mail service. E-mail forensic analysis is used to study the source and content of e-mail message as evidence, identifying the actual sender, recipient and date and time it was sent, etc. to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper is an attempt to illustrate e-mail architecture from forensics perspective. It describes roles and responsibilities of different e-mail actors and components, itemizes meta-data contained in e-mail headers, and lists protocols and ports used in it. It further describes various tools and techniques currently employed to carry out forensic investigation of an e-mail message.

  17. E-mail: Outlook Express

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zainul Bakri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu layanan Internet yang sangat penting adalah electronic mail atau sering hanya disebut sebagai e-mail. Untuk menggunakan e-mail, diperlukan piranti lunak khusus supaya pengguna dapat mengirim dan menerima e-mail. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail diantaranya adalah Outlook Express yang merupakan satu paket yang didistribusikan bersama Internet Explorer versi 4. Piranti lunak ini dijalankan pada PC yang mempunyai sistem operasi Windows 95 atau 98. Jenis piranti lunak e-mail yang lain adalah Eudora, Pegasus dan sebagainya. Bahkan ada yang diintegrasikan dengan Web Browser (alat untuk menelusuri situs Web misalnya IE,dan Netscape.Sebagai layaknya pelayanan pos, maka setiap pengguna e-mail mempunyai alamat tertentu yang tidak mungkin dipunyai oleh pengguna lainnya diseluruh dunia. Untuk keperluan pendistribusian, maka e-mail mempunyai semacam kantor pos yang ditempatkan dalam sebuah komputer server (mail server atau sering disebut sebagai host. 

  18. US EPA 2012 Air Quality Fused Surface for the Conterminous U.S. Map Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web service contains a polygon layer that depicts fused air quality predictions for 2012 for census tracts in the conterminous United States. Fused air quality...

  19. 78 FR 3478 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 2C contract. This... announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 2C contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal...

  20. 78 FR 3476 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal...

  1. 78 FR 3922 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-17

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  2. 78 FR 3477 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 2C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 2C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  3. 78 FR 4906 - International Mail Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    ... International Mail Contracts AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request concerning an additional Global Plus 1C contract. This... notice announcing that it is entering into an additional Global Plus 1C contract (Agreement).\\1\\...

  4. 76 FR 72452 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to enter into an additional bilateral agreement with...

  5. 77 FR 75452 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related procedural... (GEPS) 3 contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Postal Service seeks to have the Agreement included within...

  6. 77 FR 73062 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... characteristics. Id. at 5. The Postal Service also identifies differences between the two contracts, such...

  7. 77 FR 72412 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is.... Id. at 3-7. The Postal Service also identifies differences between the two contracts, such as...

  8. 78 FR 21171 - International Mail Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    ... International Mail Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...\\ It seeks to have the Agreement included within the existing IBRS Competitive Contract 3 product on... Competitive Contract 3 product in Docket No. CP2012-18. Id. at 3. ] The Postal Service filed the...

  9. 77 FR 12888 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-02

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. DATES: Comments are due: March 6, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen...

  10. 77 FR 10577 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... Service contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. DATES: Comments are due: February 22, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen...

  11. 77 FR 54937 - International Mail Postal Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... COMMISSION International Mail Postal Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... Business Reply Service Contract 3. It seeks inclusion of the new contract within an existing product... alternatives to electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel,...

  12. 78 FR 29785 - Priority Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Priority Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is....452 percent. Id. at 5. The Postal Service indicates that after the price change, the unused...

  13. 75 FR 282 - Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ... Service published a Federal Register proposed rule (73 FR 12321) on March 7, 2008 to prohibit replica and... 111 Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION... the mailing of replica or inert explosive devices, such as grenades, be sent by Registered Mail...

  14. Developing a Decision-Support-Tool for an Air Taxi Service in Western Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Sengers, P.; Ghijs, S.S.A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper is a research proposal to develop a tool to analyze logistic concepts of the air taxi service of Aeolus Aviation in different scenarios. Based on this analysis recommendations can be done for a suitable logistic concept for Aeolus. Based on background analysis of the air taxi service three objectives are formulated; analyzing the air taxi service on strategic level, developing a decision support tool to analyze logistic concepts and finally developing a suitable logistic concept fo...

  15. 77 FR 7214 - Notice of Availability: Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Mail Processing Network...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... Availability: Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Mail Processing Network Rationalization Initiative (Formerly Known as the ``Network Optimization'' Initiative), Nationwide AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION... available a Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) for the Mail Processing Network...

  16. Target Marketing and Direct Mail: A Smart Campaign Combination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brostoff, Mark J.

    1994-01-01

    Market segmentation is a marketing strategy that helps identify and classify a camp's product or service and determine the needs of a targeted market for the purpose of allocating marketing resources. Offers strategies for defining a target market and discusses the benefits of direct mail, deriving a mailing list, and suggestions for using a…

  17. 75 FR 17861 - 2010 Standard Mail Incentive Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... 111 2010 Standard Mail Incentive Program AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The... (DMM ), to replace existing section 709.2 with new standards for a volume incentive program for mailers... the Standard Mail Incentive Program that ended on September 30, 2009 with new standards describing...

  18. 76 FR 55799 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-09

    ... reflect these new limits. DATES: The final rule published on August 25, 2011 (76 FR 53056-56057), is... 20 Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final... maximum limits for the outbound mailing of lithium batteries to international, or APO, FPO or...

  19. Take control of spam with Apple Mail

    CERN Document Server

    Kissell, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Questions answered in this book include: How does Mail's Junk Mail filtering really work?How does the spam filter use my Previous Recipients list?How could a spammer's email addresses get on my Previous Recipients list?What can I do to not get so much spam in the first place?What's the deal with email that pretends to come from my bank?What features should I look for in a spam-fighting utility or service?Should I try server-based filtering?

  20. Also by Mail

    OpenAIRE

    Popoola, Olumide

    2013-01-01

    Also by Mail is a modern family comedy-drama that follows the experiences of Nigerian German siblings Funke and Wale who fly to Nigeria to bury their suddenly deceased father. Their upbringing clashes with their uncle’s expectations and initial misunderstandings soon come to an éclat. When Wale returns to Germany, frustrated, he is bitterly reminded of how little his father acknowledged and prepared them for racist encounters there. Loss and racism, sibling rivalry and cross-cultural etiqu...

  1. Troubleshooting Requests e-mail Confirmation

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2004-01-01

    In an ongoing effort to improve quality of the repair requests, a new e-mail confirmation automatic system will be implemented starting from the 21st October. All repair requests transmitted to the TCR (72201) or the FM Helpdesk (77777) will be confirmed in an e-mail to the requestor, provided that the latter has a valid e-mail address in the HR database. The e-mail will contain a reference number, a brief description of the problem, the location and a contact where more information can be obtained. A second e-mail will be sent when the processing of the repair request is finished. We hope that this initiative will improve the transparency and quality of our service. Helpdesk Troubleshooting Requests (reminder) We remind you that all the repair requests and other communication concerning the CERN machine buildings have to be transmitted to the TCR via 72201, whereas the ones concerning tertiary buildings are handled directly by the FM helpdesk under the phone number 77777, i.e. problems on systems and equ...

  2. 图书馆邮件服务系统集成的设计与实现%Design and Implementation of Library E-mail Service System Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦志华

    2011-01-01

    利用电子邮件开展读者服务已经成为图书馆日常服务的基本手段。但如何将图书馆多个读者服务系统通过电子邮件集成起来,实现一站式电子邮件服务,通过采用Jmail组件与PowerBuilder开发平台。实现了图书馆多个信息服务系统间的集成,有效地提高了图书馆读者电子邮件服务的质量与效率。%Using E-mail in reader service has become the basic daily method of library. But how to integrate multiple reader service by Email system, and realize one-stop Email service, is the focus of this article. The article realized the integration of the multiple library information service systems by using Jmail component and PowerBuilder development platform, and then effectively improved the library reader Email service quality and efficiency.

  3. 76 FR 55347 - Aerospace Executive Service Trade Mission at Singapore Air Show

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-07

    ... AESTM hotel and Singapore Air Show; Pre-scheduled meetings with potential partners, distributors, and... International Trade Administration Aerospace Executive Service Trade Mission at Singapore Air Show AGENCY... organizing an Aerospace Executive Service Trade Mission (AESTM) to Singapore in conjunction with...

  4. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AFS Sub Facilities

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Air Facility System (AFS) contains compliance and permit data for stationary sources regulated by EPA, state and local air pollution agencies. The sub facility...

  5. Don’t let your mail leak

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2012-01-01

    At CERN, data privacy is of paramount importance, and we are currently developing a comprehensive data protection policy. For example, your CERN mailbox and your “private” folders on AFS and DFS are considered yours...   You might feel like you have nothing to hide, but we are not only talking about personal e-mail: data privacy also pertains to financial mail (acquisitions, tenders), mail related to HR (contracts, assessments), medical information, etc.  As this is considered “private” even if it is work-related, the data cannot normally be accessed by your supervisor, the AFS/DFS/mail service administrators or even the Computer Security Team. Tight procedures have been established for the rare cases where such access is necessary, and these require the prior approval of the CERN Computer Security Officer or the IT Department Head, the Legal Service and the DG (see here for more details). Data privacy is not only the responsibility of the O...

  6. Analysis of air transportation competitiveness based on consumer evaluation of service quality [paper in Portuguese

    OpenAIRE

    Marcus Vinícius Nascimento

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a critical analysis about the quality service observed by users of air transportation. It uses the specific literature to determine how users evaluate the level of service and how it can be applied on air transportation system. After that, it was submitted an indicative of user poor quality perception against criterions, such as the luggage restitution time, that are considered by specialists, responsible for worst quality perception of air transportation on USA. The resul...

  7. Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow

    CERN Document Server

    Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of fluctuations in e-mail sizes. As a result, we find that the correlation in the flow originates from that in the sequence of send requests. The strength of the power-law correlation decreases as a function of the ratio of the standard deviation of e-mail sizes to their average.

  8. Technology Corner: Analysing E-mail Headers For Forensic Investigation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Electronic Mail (E-Mail, which is one of the most widely used applications of Internet, has become a global communication infrastructure service.  However, security loopholes in it enable cybercriminals to misuse it by forging its headers or by sending it anonymously for illegitimate purposes, leading to e-mail forgeries. E-mail messages include transit handling envelope and trace information in the form of structured fields which are not stripped after messages are delivered, leaving a detailed record of e-mail transactions.  A detailed header analysis can be used to map the networks traversed by messages, including information on the messaging software and patching policies of clients and gateways, etc. Cyber forensic e-mail analysis is employed to collect credible evidence to bring criminals to justice. This paper projects the need for e-mail forensic investigation and lists various methods and tools used for its realization. A detailed header analysis of a multiple tactic spoofed e-mail message is carried out in this paper. It also discusses various possibilities for detection of spoofed headers and identification of its originator. Further, difficulties that may be faced by investigators during forensic investigation of an e-mail message have been discussed along with their possible solutions.

  9. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AQS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  10. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AFS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  11. EPA Facility Registry Service (FRS): AIRS_AFS_MAJOR

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This web feature service contains location and facility identification information from EPA's Facility Registry Service (FRS) for the subset of facilities that link...

  12. 49 CFR 1018.33 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. 1018.33... Collection of Claims § 1018.33 Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. (a) When attempting to locate a... records of the Internal Revenue Service. (b) The Board may disclose a mailing address obtained...

  13. 47 CFR 3.26 - Where application is to be mailed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACCOUNTING AUTHORITIES IN MARITIME AND MARITIME MOBILE-SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES Application Procedures § 3.26 Where application is to be mailed. All applications shall be mailed to the Accounting Authority... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Where application is to be mailed. 3.26...

  14. Duke Electronic Mail Post Office A Practical Mail Linking System*

    OpenAIRE

    Dryfoos, James D.; Hammond, William E.; Spero, Laurence A.; Rabold, Jean S.; Straube, Mark J.; Stead, William W.

    1988-01-01

    This paper describes a system designed to integrate the many different electronic mail systems in use throughout Duke University. The Duke Electronic Mail Post Office project is part of Duke University Medical Center's model for Achieving an Integrated Academic Information Management System (IAIMS).

  15. Use of the electronic mail in libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreja Poljanec

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the system of electronic mail and the possibilities of its integration into library activities. Although the system has been present in Slovenian libraries for some time now, ali the possiblities it offers are not being fuliy used. The introductory part of the article presents advantages and disadvantages of the system,and the core part of it brings suggestions for the integration of the service into library activities.

  16. Dynamic Effects Of Economic Growth On U.s. Air Passenger And Freight Services

    OpenAIRE

    Junwook, Chi; Jungho, Baek

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the short- and long-run effects of economic growth and market shocks (e.g., 9/11 terrorist attacks, Iraq war, SARS epidemic, and 2008 financial crisis) on air passenger and freight services using an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration. Results show that, in the long-run, both air passenger and freight services tend to increase with economic growth. In the short-run, however, only air passenger service is responsive to economic growth. Finally, o...

  17. Fluctuation in e-mail sizes weakens power-law correlations in e-mail flow

    OpenAIRE

    Matsubara, Yoshitsugu; Hieida, Yasuhiro; Tadaki, Shin-ichi

    2013-01-01

    Power-law correlations have been observed in packet flow over the Internet. The possible origin of these correlations includes demand for Internet services. We observe the demand for e-mail services in an organization, and analyze correlations in the flow and the sequence of send requests using a Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA). The correlation in the flow is found to be weaker than that in the send requests. Four types of artificial flow are constructed to investigate the effects of flu...

  18. 72-Hour Forecast of Air Temperatures from the National Weather Service's National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) contains a seamless mosaic of the National Weather Service's (NWS) digital forecasts of air temperature. In...

  19. 24-Hour Forecast of Air Temperatures from the National Weather Service's National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Digital Forecast Database (NDFD) contains a seamless mosaic of the National Weather Service's (NWS) digital forecasts of air temperature. In...

  20. Operational factors of air service to small communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    The feasibility of using 30-passenger jet aircraft to service low density, short haul markets was analyzed. Aircraft characteristics, market potential, and economic factors were among the areas evaluated.

  1. Aeronautical mobile satellite service: Air traffic control applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sim, Dave

    1990-01-01

    Canada's history both in aviation and in satellite communications development spans several decades. The introduction of aeronautical mobile satellite communications will serve our requirements for airspace management in areas not served by line-of-sight radio and radar facilities. The ensuing improvements in air safety and operating efficiency are eagerly awaited by the aviation community.

  2. Class of Mail Does Affect Response Rates to Mailed

    OpenAIRE

    JS Armstrong

    2005-01-01

    In contrast to the conclusions. from traditional reviews, meta-analysis shows that certain types of postage have an important effect on return rates to mail surveys. In particular, US business reply postage should not be used in survey research.

  3. Privacy-enhanced electronic mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Matt

    1990-06-01

    The security of electronic mail sent through the Internet may be described in exactly three words: there is none. The Privacy and Security Research Group has recommended implementing mechanisms designed to provide security enhancements. The first set of mechanisms provides a protocol to provide privacy, integrity, and authentication for electronic mail; the second provides a certificate-based key management infrastructure to support key distribution throughout the internet, to support the first set of mechanisms. These mechanisms are described, as well as the reasons behind their selection and how these mechanisms can be used to provide some measure of security in the exchange of electronic mail.

  4. Business e-mail communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bengin Senka

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a discourse analysis in the business e-mail communication with the aim of determining formal and informal linquistic characteristics. Researched corpus has been based on 148 e-mails exchanged between a manager employed in a marketing agency and his clients. The research is based on Speech Act Theory and Theory of Politeness. It has been found that the analyzed business e-mail correspondence is mostly characterized as informal, even with the characteristics of colloquial communication, unlike the expected characteristics of formal business style.

  5. 77 FR 72960 - International Mail: Product Rate and Fee Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ..., the USPS TM published a proposed rule in the Federal Register (77 FR 64768) with changes to Mailing... respondents supported the discontinuance of outbound international restricted delivery service stating the... all the current text from 351 through 354.2):] Restricted delivery service is no longer available...

  6. 75 FR 29893 - Business Reply Mail Online Application Option

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-28

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Business Reply Mail Online Application Option AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule... (BRM) permit online. Additionally, the electronic version of PS Form 6805, Qualified Business...

  7. DETEKSI E-MAIL PALSU DENGAN MEMPERGUNAKAN HEADER E-MAIL

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Didik Rochmad Wahyudi

    2009-01-01

    E-mail is a medium of communication to send and receive messages. As one of the media that is most commonly used to exchange information, e-mail is vulnerable to security threats. One of the security threat to e-mail is the aspect of the authenticity of e-mail received. Habits of users who receive e-mail read directly and trust where it came from the e-mail and any contents of the e-mail. E-mail that was sent using certain technique, can manipulate the original e-mail. Recipient of e-mail wil...

  8. Using direct mail to prompt smokers to call a quitline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, Richard J; Carlin-Menter, Shannon M; Celestino, Paula B; Bax, Patricia; Brown, Anthony; Cummings, K Michael; Bauer, Joseph E

    2008-07-01

    Telephone quitlines efficiently deliver cessation services, but few smokers use them. This article describes an unsolicited direct mail campaign designed to increase calls to the New York State Smokers' Quitline. Two post-cards advertising the quitline and the availability of free nicotine patches were sent to 77,527 smoker households between August and October 2005. One postcard emphasized the effectiveness of the nicotine patch, whereas the other contrasted the risks of smoking and patch use. Response was evaluated using geographically linked calls to the quitline 15 days before and after each mailing. The postcard campaign increased call volume by 36%, with no difference between the two postcard versions. Those who reported calling the quitline in response to a mailing were more likely to request nicotine patches (91% versus 82%, p Direct mail can be used to increase quitline call volume and should be one of the promotional tools used by quitlines. PMID:18308952

  9. 22 CFR 213.16 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. 213.16....16 Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. (a) When attempting to locate a debtor in order to... Revenue Service. (b) Addresses obtained from the Internal Revenue Service will be used by the Agency,...

  10. 75 FR 39475 - International Mail: Proposed Changes in Prices and Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... Customs Clearance and Delivery Fee International Reply Coupons International Business Reply Service... 20 International Mail: Proposed Changes in Prices and Fees AGENCY: Postal Service. TM ACTION... of the commenter, may be sent to: MailingStandards@usps.gov , with a subject line of...

  11. 76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Experimental Product: “Marketing Mail Made Easy”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE Market Test of Experimental Product: ``Marketing Mail Made Easy'' AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Notice... 39 U.S.C. 3641(c)(1) that it will begin a market test of its ``Marketing Mail Made...

  12. Forest ecosystem services under climate change and air pollution

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cudlín, Pavel; Seják, J.; Pokorný, J.; Albrechtová, J.; Bastian, O.; Marek, Michal V.

    Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2013 - (Matyssek, R.; Clarke, N.; CudlÍn, P.; Mikkelsen, T.; Tuovinen, J.; Wieser, G.; Paoletti, E.), s. 521-546. (Developments in environmental science. 13). ISBN 978-0-08-098349-3 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0073; GA MŠk(CZ) EE2.4.31.0056 Institutional support: RVO:67179843 Keywords : Adaptive governance * Climate regulation * Forest ecosystem services * Gas exchange * Multi-stakeholder collaboration * Ozone * Sustainable forest management * Transpiration Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour

  13. A Correlational Study of How Airline Customer Service and Consumer Perception of Airline Customer Service Affect the Air Rage Phenomenon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Joyce A.

    2007-01-01

    Between 1995 and 2000, customer service declined throughout the airline industry, as reported in February 2001 by the U.S. Department of Transportation (2001). One of the biggest problems today within the airline industry is the constant complaining from customers regarding the deterioraton of service (McCollough, Berry, & Yadav, 2000). Since 1995, unfortunately no airline has been immune from service deterioration, as reported by the Airline Quality Rating, an annual report by two airline industry experts who analyzed Department of Transportation statistics (Harrison & Kleinsasser, 1999). The airline' refusal to recognize the issue of customer service has perpetuated an environment that has become dangerous and detrimental to the traveling public as well as to airline employees, which in turn has fueled a new phenomenon, now referred to as "air rage".

  14. Forensic Application of Microbiological Culture Analysis To Identify Mail Intentionally Contaminated with Bacillus anthracis Spores†

    OpenAIRE

    Beecher, Douglas J.

    2006-01-01

    The discovery of a letter intentionally filled with dried Bacillus anthracis spores in the office of a United States senator prompted the collection and quarantine of all mail in congressional buildings. This mail was subsequently searched for additional intentionally contaminated letters. A microbiological sampling strategy was used to locate heavy contamination within the 642 separate plastic bags containing the mail. Swab sampling identified 20 bags for manual and visual examination. Air s...

  15. Virtual Racism Rears its Head: Uncovering Librarian Bias in E-mail Reference Services. A review of: Shachaf, Pnina, and Sarah Horowitz. “Are Virtual Reference Services Color Blind?” Library & Information Science Research 28.4 (Sept. 2006: 501‐20.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wendy Furlan

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To examine whether librarians provide equitable virtual reference services to diverse user groups.Design – Unobtrusive method of defined scenarios submitted via e-mail.Setting – Twenty‐three Association of Research Libraries (ARL member libraries from across the United States. All ARL member libraries were invited to participate, with the 23 acceptances providing 19% participation.Subjects – Anonymous librarians from the 23 participating libraries’ virtual e‐mail reference services. Up to 6 librarians from each library may have been involved. Six fictitious personas were developed to represent particular ethnic or religious groups, whereby the ethnic or religious affiliation was only indicated by the name chosen for each user and the correspondinge‐mail address. Names were selected from lists of names or baby names available online: Latoya Johnson (African‐American, Rosa Manuz (Hispanic, Chang Su (Asian ‐Chinese, Mary Anderson(Caucasian/Christian, Ahmed Ibrahim (Muslim, and Moshe Cohen(Caucasian/Jewish. These personas were used to submit reference queries via e‐mail to the virtual reference services taking part in the study.Methods – Five different types of reference queries were developed for use in this study. Three were based on prior published research as they were deemed to be answerable by the majority of libraries. They included a dissertation query, a sports team query, and a population query all designed to be tailored to the target institution. The other 2 queries were developed with participating institutions’ virtual reference guidelines in mind, and were thought to not be answered by the target institutions when submitted by unaffiliated users. They consisted of a subject query on a special collection topic that asked for copies of relevant articles to be sent out, and an article query requesting that a copy of a specific article be e‐mailed to the patron. The study was conducted over a 6 week

  16. Securing E-mail Communication Using Hybrid Cryptosystem on Android-based Mobile Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andri Zakariya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available One of the most popular internet services is electronic mail (e-mail. By using mobile devices with internet connection, e-mail can be widely used by anyone to exchange information anywhere and anytime whether public or confidential. Unfortunately, there are some security issues with email communication; e-mail is sent in over open networks and e-mail is stored on potentially insecure mail servers. Moreover, e-mail has no integrity protection so the body can be undectected altered in transit or on the e-mail server. E-mail also has no data origin authentication, so people cannot be sure that the emails they receive are from the e-mail address owner. In order to solve this problem, this study proposes a secure method of e-mail communication on Android-based mobile devices using a hybrid cryptosystem which combines symmetric encryption, asymmetric encryption and hash function. The experimental results show that the proposed method succeeded in meeting those aspects of information security including confidentiality, data integrity, authentication, and non-repudiation.

  17. Teleradiology applications with DICOM-e-mail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weisser, G.; Ruggiero, S.; Runa, A. [University Hospital Mannheim, Department of Clinical Radiology, Mannheim (Germany); Engelmann, U. [German Cancer Research Center, Division of Medical and Biological Informatics, Heidelberg (Germany); Schroeter, A. [CHILI GmbH, Heidelberg (Germany); Baur, S. [Curagita AG, Heidelberg (Germany); Walz, M. [Medical Office for Quality Assurance in Radiology, Hessen (Germany)

    2007-05-15

    For the connection of several partners to a Dicom-e-mail based teleradiology network concepts were developed to allow the integration of different teleradiology applications. The organisational and technical needs for such an integration were analysed. More than 60 institutions including 23 hospitals in the Rhein-Neckar-Region, Germany were connected. The needed functionality was grouped in six teleradiology applications (emergency consultation, tele-guided examinations, expert consultations, cooperative work, scientific cooperations and homework with on call services) and their technical and organisational needs according to availability, speed of transfer, workflow definitions and data security needs was analysed. For the local integration of teleradiology services the setup and workflow is presented for a standalone teleradiology workstation and a server based teleradiology gateway. The line type needed for different groups of applications and users is defined. The security concept and fallback strategies are laid out, potential security problems and sources of errors are discussed. The specialties for the emergency teleradiology application are presented. The DICOM-e-mail protocol is a flexible and powerful protocol that can be used for a variety of teleradiology applications. It can meet the conditions for emergency applications but is limited if synchronous applications like teleconferences are needed. (orig.)

  18. Teleradiology applications with DICOM-e-mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisser, G; Engelmann, U; Ruggiero, S; Runa, A; Schröter, A; Baur, S; Walz, M

    2007-05-01

    For the connection of several partners to a Dicom-e-mail based teleradiology network concepts were developed to allow the integration of different teleradiology applications. The organisational and technical needs for such an integration were analysed. More than 60 institutions including 23 hospitals in the Rhein-Neckar-Region, Germany were connected. The needed functionality was grouped in six teleradiology applications (emergency consultation, tele-guided examinations, expert consultations, cooperative work, scientific cooperations and homework with on call services) and their technical and organisational needs according to availability, speed of transfer, workflow definitions and data security needs was analysed. For the local integration of teleradiology services the setup and workflow is presented for a standalone teleradiology workstation and a server based teleradiology gateway. The line type needed for different groups of applications and users is defined. The security concept and fallback strategies are laid out, potential security problems and sources of errors are discussed. The specialties for the emergency teleradiology application are presented. The DICOM-e-mail protocol is a flexible and powerful protocol that can be used for a variety of teleradiology applications. It can meet the conditions for emergency applications but is limited if synchronous applications like teleconferences are needed. PMID:17031452

  19. Teleradiology applications with DICOM-e-mail

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For the connection of several partners to a Dicom-e-mail based teleradiology network concepts were developed to allow the integration of different teleradiology applications. The organisational and technical needs for such an integration were analysed. More than 60 institutions including 23 hospitals in the Rhein-Neckar-Region, Germany were connected. The needed functionality was grouped in six teleradiology applications (emergency consultation, tele-guided examinations, expert consultations, cooperative work, scientific cooperations and homework with on call services) and their technical and organisational needs according to availability, speed of transfer, workflow definitions and data security needs was analysed. For the local integration of teleradiology services the setup and workflow is presented for a standalone teleradiology workstation and a server based teleradiology gateway. The line type needed for different groups of applications and users is defined. The security concept and fallback strategies are laid out, potential security problems and sources of errors are discussed. The specialties for the emergency teleradiology application are presented. The DICOM-e-mail protocol is a flexible and powerful protocol that can be used for a variety of teleradiology applications. It can meet the conditions for emergency applications but is limited if synchronous applications like teleconferences are needed. (orig.)

  20. High-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter performance following service and radiation exposure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Small HEPA filters were exposed to a 60Co source with a radiation strength of 3 x 107 rads per hour and then exposed to steam--air mixtures at several times filter design flow, followed by extended exposure to steam and air at reduced flow. Additional filters were exposed to air flow in a reactor confinement system and then similarly tested with steam--air mixture flows. The test data and calculated effects of filter pluggage with moisture on confinement system performance following potential reactor accidents are described. Gamma radiation exposure impaired the performance of new filters only slightly and temporarily improved performance of service aged filters. Normal confinement system service significantly impaired filter performance although not sufficiently to prevent adequate performance of the SRP confinement system following an unlikely reactor accident. Calculations based on measured filter pluggage indicate that during an accident air flow could be reduced approximately 50 percent with service-degraded HEPA filters present, or approximately 10 percent with new filters damaged by the radiation exposure. (U.S.)

  1. INFLUENCE THE SESAR CONCEPT UPON AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES IN EUROPEAN REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriy Chynchenko

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. The article deals with the analysis of the researches conducted in field of the SESAR concept.Benefits of the concept, work packages and stakeholders of SESAR joint undertake have been reviewed.Principles of implementation and impact on air traffic services system have been analysed and generalsolutions appropriable for Ukraine have been proposed.

  2. The development of a strategic plan for Relationship Mail (Pty) Ltd / Maria Magdalena van der Spuy

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Spuy, Maria Magdalena

    2007-01-01

    Relationship Mail makes use of the information technology (IT) sector as the foundation for the Relationship Mail product, but the actual output is a physical product in the form of gifts, cards and letters. Relationship Mail solves relationship marketing problems for organisations, by enabling them to keep in touch with customers with a physical and personal product. The service, however, is system generated, making it easy to use for customers. The main objective of this study was to fo...

  3. Impacts of nitrogen deposition on ecosystem services in interaction with other nutrients, air pollutants and climate change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vries, de W.; Goodale, C.; Erisman, J.W.; Hettelingh, J.P.

    2014-01-01

    Nitrogen (N) deposition affects many ecosystem services, ranging from: (i) provisioning services such as timber/wood fuel production, (ii) regulating services such as carbon sequestration and pollutant filtering leading to the provision of clean air and water, (iii) supporting services such as nutri

  4. China Post Expects High of“Air Express Service”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ByTangXiaolin

    2004-01-01

    Within two weeks of developing the Shanghai-Japan“ next day delivery”service jointly with China Southern Airlines, China Post again on December 19,2003 held a grand foundation laying ceremony at the New Baiyun International Airport of Guangzhou for the joint establishment of Guangzhou Air Mail & Logistics Handle Center with China Post Guangdong.

  5. 38 CFR 1.918 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use and disclosure of... AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Standards for Collection of Claims § 1.918 Use and disclosure of mailing... Revenue Service. (b) VA is authorized to use mailing addresses obtained under paragraph (a) of...

  6. 31 CFR 901.11 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use and disclosure of mailing... FOR THE ADMINISTRATIVE COLLECTION OF CLAIMS § 901.11 Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. (a) When... address from the records of the Internal Revenue Service. (b) Agencies are authorized to use...

  7. 7 CFR 3.18 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. 3.18 Section... Administrative Collection and Compromise of Claims § 3.18 Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. (a) When... address from the records of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). (b) Agencies are authorized to use...

  8. 47 CFR 1.1952 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. 1.1952... Collection of Claims Owed the United States Cooperation with the Internal Revenue Service § 1.1952 Use and disclosure of mailing addresses. (a) When attempting to locate a debtor in order to collect or compromise...

  9. 41 CFR 105-55.017 - Use and disclosure of mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use and disclosure of... Administration 55-COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES § 105-55.017 Use and disclosure of mailing... designee) to obtain a debtor's mailing address from the records of the Internal Revenue Service. (b) GSA...

  10. 78 FR 24132 - New Mailing Standards for Live Animals and Special Handling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-24

    ... 111 New Mailing Standards for Live Animals and Special Handling AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION... shipments containing certain types of live animals, to limit the mail classes available for use when shipping certain types of live animals, and to expand the mailability of live animals domestically...

  11. 75 FR 30300 - Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    ..., 2010 (75 FR 282-283), which added restrictions to the mailing of replica and inert explosive devices in... 111 Restricting the Mailing of Replica or Inert Explosive Devices AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION... replica or inert explosive devices, such as simulated grenades that are not dangerous but bear a...

  12. 75 FR 36537 - Express Mail Next Day Delivery Postage Refund Amendment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ..., Cards, Flats, and Parcels * * * * * 110 Express Mail * * * * * 114 Postage Payment Methods * * * * * 2.0... Payment Methods * * * * * 9.0 Refunds and Exchanges * * * * * 9.5 Express Mail Postage Refund * * * * * 9... Service published a Federal Register proposed rule (75 FR 22725-22727) inviting comments on our...

  13. Computer viruses and electronic mail

    OpenAIRE

    Buzzi, Marina

    2002-01-01

    Today the Internet is a valuable source of information as well as a powerful communication medium, with undoubted social and economic benefits, however it also poses some security risks. Virsuses may hide in email attachments or in appartently innocent applications directly downloadable from the Internet. In this work we give a brief overview of virus types and main defense techniques. Then we present statistical data of virus attacks revealed by an anti-virus SW activated on our e-mail serve...

  14. Netiquette: e-mail for group practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Brien, Jennifer A

    2007-01-01

    E-mail is a relatively new tool in business and communication, and it has unique nuances. Effective use of e-mail and its features can enhance performance, interaction, even morale. Misuse of e-mail can be a legal liability and damage relationships within your practice. This article provides a guide to optimizing the use of e-mail within your practice. PMID:17425016

  15. Narrative E-Mail-Supervision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Goebel-Krayer

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Online-Beratung In der Praxis der E-Mail-Supervision taucht immer wieder die Frage nach einer geeigneten Methode auf. Wie kann aufgrund des lediglich zur Verfügung stehenden Textes ein Antwortschreiben verfasst werden, das doch beratenden Charakter haben soll? Mit der narrativen E-Mail-Supervision wird nicht nur eine Methode vorgestellt, mit der es möglich ist, anhand des Textes die Sicht der SupervisandInnen zu rekonstruieren. Narrative E-Mail-Supervision ermöglicht es darüber hinaus, das berufliche Handeln in besonderer Weise zu reflektieren. Die SupervisandInnen werden mit Hilfe offener Fragestellungen dazu angeregt, von ihrem beruflichen Alltag Erzählungen aufzuschreiben. Dieses erzählende Schreiben wiederum führt dazu, dass die SupervisandInnen Situationen erneut erleben und aus der gegenwärtigen Perspektive ihr Handeln (neu bewerten. Die SupervisandInnen werden im Schreiben sich selbst zu SupervisorInnen.

  16. Long E-mails and Internet Connections

    OpenAIRE

    Merciadri, Luca

    2009-01-01

    Fetching e-mails is a daily task. However, when an e-mail size overcomes a given threshold, e-mail communication becomes more difficult, because slow. This is principally due to the outgoing speed of cheap Internet connections. We propose here a mechanism which limits this problem.

  17. 34 CFR 300.505 - Electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Electronic mail. 300.505 Section 300.505 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.505 Electronic mail. A....508 by an electronic mail communication, if the public agency makes that option available....

  18. 32 CFR 516.7 - Mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Mailing addresses. 516.7 Section 516.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.7 Mailing addresses. Mailing addresses for organizations referenced...

  19. Nonresponse Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeanette M. Daly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Conducting mail surveys can result in nonresponse error, which occurs when the potential participant is unwilling to participate or impossible to contact. Nonresponse can result in a reduction in precision of the study and may bias results. The purpose of this paper is to describe and make readers aware of a top ten list of mailed survey problems affecting the response rate encountered over time with different research projects, while utilizing the Dillman Total Design Method. Ten nonresponse error problems were identified, such as inserter machine gets sequence out of order, capitalization in databases, and mailing discarded by postal service. These ten mishaps can potentiate nonresponse errors, but there are ways to minimize their frequency. Suggestions offered stem from our own experiences during research projects. Our goal is to increase researchers' knowledge of nonresponse error problems and to offer solutions which can decrease nonresponse error in future projects.

  20. SPAM: Beware of e-mails asking for passwords

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    CERN’s Computing Rules (Operational Circular No. 5) require that passwords remain confidential and never be given to anyone, not even helpdesk or other support personnel. If you think that your password could have been exposed then you must immediately change it. Cybercriminals are making growing use of fake e-mail messages and Web sites to steal account and identity information from users. This technique is called ‘phishing’. The fake e-mails often look real and try to trick you into giving your password or other personal data. CERN has recently been targeted by a fake e-mail message which requested users to send their username, password and date of birth. This case was promptly blocked by the CERN Mail Service, but future cases may still occur. Users need to be vigilant regarding any requests for passwords or personal data. Fake e-mails should be immediately deleted. In case of questions on this topic, you may contact mailto:helpdesk@cern.ch. CERN IT Department

  1. The effect of air transport on the production of goods and services

    OpenAIRE

    Sheard, Nicholas

    2012-01-01

    This paper estimates the effect of air transport on local production in the manufacturing and service sectors. The analysis is conducted using data from the United States. These effects are important for the design of policies that aim to develop an airport or to otherwise attract airlines to operate to and from the airport. This type of policy is commonly employed by national and local governments, indeed most large commercial airports in the United States and Canada are publicly owned. Thou...

  2. Traffic Variability in Benchmarking of Air Navigation Services Providers Cost-Effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrej Grebenšek

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The European Air Navigation Services Providers (ANSPs currently handle around 26,000 flights per day. According to forecasts, air traffic levels should probably double by 2020. Different benchmarking exercises have shown that European ATM costs, in comparison to other similar systems on the globe, additional € 2-3 billion per year. This strongly implies that European ATM needs to cut costs and improves its performance. Aeronautical organisations such as the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL or Civil Air Navigation Services Organisation (CANSO perform benchmarking studies and issue reports, but they both admit that their work is based on factual analysis and not on proper normative analysis and therefore are not entirely objective. Factual analysis is a good starting point, but as already recognized generally, proper methodology should be developed for proper normative analysis. To get a bit closer to objectivity of the results, this paper challenges one of the recognized endogenous factors, the traffic variability. Equalizing the calculations by different variability factors proved that benchmarking order of individual ANSPs changed. Showing an example on how seasonal variability can influence cost-effectiveness and ATCOHour productivity is only one small stone in a mosaic of potential future methodology for normative analysis.

  3. Application of ESE Data and Tools to Air Quality Management: Services for Helping the Air Quality Community use ESE Data (SHAirED)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falke, Stefan; Husar, Rudolf

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this REASoN applications and technology project is to deliver and use Earth Science Enterprise (ESE) data and tools in support of air quality management. Its scope falls within the domain of air quality management and aims to develop a federated air quality information sharing network that includes data from NASA, EPA, US States and others. Project goals were achieved through a access of satellite and ground observation data, web services information technology, interoperability standards, and air quality community collaboration. In contributing to a network of NASA ESE data in support of particulate air quality management, the project will develop access to distributed data, build Web infrastructure, and create tools for data processing and analysis. The key technologies used in the project include emerging web services for developing self describing and modular data access and processing tools, and service oriented architecture for chaining web services together to assemble customized air quality management applications. The technology and tools required for this project were developed within DataFed.net, a shared infrastructure that supports collaborative atmospheric data sharing and processing web services. Much of the collaboration was facilitated through community interactions through the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) Air Quality Workgroup. The main activities during the project that successfully advanced DataFed, enabled air quality applications and established community-oriented infrastructures were: develop access to distributed data (surface and satellite), build Web infrastructure to support data access, processing and analysis create tools for data processing and analysis foster air quality community collaboration and interoperability.

  4. 77 FR 65279 - Domestic Competitive Products Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-26

    ... delivery, as part of the service offering. The Critical Mail letter with signature option is priced at $4... made to Delivery Confirmation extra service labels, the Postal Service will replace the current Label... intended to be presented at a USPS retail service counter where USPS tracking and confirmation of...

  5. 75 FR 54287 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... Register notice, Submission of Electronic Documentation with Comailed and Copalletized Mailings (75 FR... Part 111 Administrative practice and procedure, Postal Service. 0 Accordingly, 39 CFR Part 111 is... their origin, through the consolidation site, and ultimately into USPS processing. These...

  6. A Moderator’s Perspective From Service Quality and Purchase Intentions Relationship: A Case Study of AirAsia Airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Meysam Salimi; Hamid Reza Hadjali; Shahryar Sorooshian

    2012-01-01

    In this study, it was aimed to examine the relationships between service quality, brand loyalty and intention to buy among AirAsia passengers in Malaysia. The results obtained indicate that there is a positive relationship between service quality, brand loyalty and purchase intentions, while there is a moderator effect of ticket price affecting the relationship between service quality and intention to buy among customers. With more scrutinizing, it was revealed that the effect of service qual...

  7. Management and Archiving e-mail Messages in Governmental Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashraf Mohamed A.Mohsen

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The study deals great issue of digital preservation that is e-mail archiving, it covered all aspects of the topic; it discuss: e-mail system, components of e-mail message, advantages and disadvantages of e-mail, official e-mail messages, management of e-mail messages, organizing and arrangement of e-mail messages, keeping and deleting messages, archiving e-mail messages, and some related issues like: privacy and security.

  8. Management and Archiving e-mail Messages in Governmental Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Ashraf Mohamed A.Mohsen

    2006-01-01

    The study deals great issue of digital preservation that is e-mail archiving, it covered all aspects of the topic; it discuss: e-mail system, components of e-mail message, advantages and disadvantages of e-mail, official e-mail messages, management of e-mail messages, organizing and arrangement of e-mail messages, keeping and deleting messages, archiving e-mail messages, and some related issues like: privacy and security.

  9. Optimizing Air Transportation Service to Metroplex Airports. Part 1; Analysis of Historical Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donohue, George; Hoffman, Karla; Sherry, Lance; Ferguson, John; Kara, Abdul Qadar

    2010-01-01

    The air transportation system is a significant driver of the U.S. economy, providing safe, affordable, and rapid transportation. During the past three decades airspace and airport capacity has not grown in step with demand for air transportation (+4% annual growth), resulting in unreliable service and systemic delays. Estimates of the impact of delays and unreliable air transportation service on the economy range from $32B to $41B per year. This report describes the results of an analysis of airline strategic decision-making with regards to: (1) geographic access, (2) economic access, and (3) airline finances. This analysis evaluated markets-served, scheduled flights, aircraft size, airfares, and profit from 2005-2009. During this period, airlines experienced changes in costs of operation (due to fluctuations in hedged fuel prices), changes in travel demand (due to changes in the economy), and changes in infrastructure capacity (due to the capacity limits at EWR, JFK, and LGA). This analysis captures the impact of the implementation of capacity limits at airports, as well as the effect of increased costs of operation (i.e. hedged fuel prices). The increases in costs of operation serve as a proxy for increased costs per flight that might occur if auctions or congestion pricing are imposed.

  10. Take control of Apple Mail in Leopard

    CERN Document Server

    Kissell, Joe

    2009-01-01

    Go under the hood with new (and old) features in Apple Mail in Leopard! Are you using Apple Mail in Leopard effectively? In this book, completely updated from its previous Panther and Tiger editions, author Joe Kissell provides comprehensive guidance, with a focus on new and updated features. You'll learn how to use and customize the Mail window, control the size and styling of incoming messages, and make rules to move messages into different mailboxes automatically. The book covers outgoing mail, showing you smart ways to address messages, send attachments, and send HTML-based messages. Bu

  11. Detecting Threat E-mails using Bayesian Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Banday, M. Tariq; Qadri, Jameel A.; Tariq .R. Jan; Shah, Nisar A.

    2011-01-01

    Fraud and terrorism have a close connect in terms of the processes that enables and promote them. In the era of Internet, its various services that include Web, e-mail, social networks, blogs, instant messaging, chats, etc. are used in terrorism not only for communication but also for i) creation of ideology, ii) resource gathering, iii) recruitment, indoctrination and training, iv) creation of terror network, and v) information gathering. A major challenge for law enforcement and intelligenc...

  12. Detecting Threat E-mails using Bayesian Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Banday, M Tariq; Jan, Tariq R; Shah, Nisar A

    2011-01-01

    Fraud and terrorism have a close connect in terms of the processes that enables and promote them. In the era of Internet, its various services that include Web, e-mail, social networks, blogs, instant messaging, chats, etc. are used in terrorism not only for communication but also for i) creation of ideology, ii) resource gathering, iii) recruitment, indoctrination and training, iv) creation of terror network, and v) information gathering. A major challenge for law enforcement and intelligence agencies is efficient and accurate gathering of relevant and growing volume of crime data. This paper reports on use of established Na\\"ive Bayesian filter for classification of threat e-mails. Efficiency in filtering threat e-mail by use of three different Na\\"ive Bayesian filter approaches i.e. single keywords, weighted multiple keywords and weighted multiple keywords with keyword context matching are evaluated on a threat e-mail corpus created by extracting data from sources that are very close to terrorism.

  13. AIRS/AMSU-A/HSB Data On-demand Subsetting and Visualization Services at NASA GES DISC DAAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, J.; Cho, S.; Sun, D.; Qin, J.; Sharma, A. K.

    2002-12-01

    The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) is a high-resolution infrared sounder closely coupled with AMSU-A (Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A) and HSB (Humidity Sounder for Brazil) on EOS Aqua spacecraft launched on May 4, 2002. The data products from AIRS/AMSU-A/HSB will be archived and distributed at the Goddard Distributed Active Archive Center (GDAAC) located in the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DAAC). The ADDST is developing tools to read, visualize, analyze and reformat AIRS/AMSU-A/HSB data. The web-based AIRS on-the-fly/on-demand subsetter will be available to perform channel/variable subsetting and restructuring for Level1B (Calibrated Radiances) and Level2 (Atmospheric Retrievals) data products. One can narrow down criteria to subset data files with desired channels and variables and then download the subsetted file. AIRS QuickLook allows users to view AIRS/HSB/AMSU Level-1B data online for a specific channel prior to ordering or downloading data. Global map is also provided along with image to show geographic coverage of the granule and flight direction of the spacecraft. The Atmospheric Dynamics Data Support Team (ADDST) at the GES DISC/DAAC is providing various services to assist users in understanding, accessing, and using AIRS data product. Information on AIRS data and data analysis tools can be found at AIRS data support informational web site (http://daac.gsfc.nasa.gov/atmodyn/airs/ ) that provides access to various technical online documents, such as, readmes, user's guides, instrument guides, images from AIRS/AMSU-A/HSB data, product search and ordering interfaces, HDF-EOS format information, format conversion software, online data analysis tools, other AIRS related web links and more. Other data support services provided by the ADDST are assist with data mining, helpdesk for user questions on data and information, data ordering, and educational resources.

  14. 76 FR 30542 - Adult Signature Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ... Signature labels are located in the Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Specification and the addendum to Publication 91, Addendum for Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) and 3-digit Service Type Code, available... Intelligent Mail package barcode. * * * * * 3.0 Certified Mail * * * * * 3.2 Basic Information * * * * *...

  15. 78 FR 12234 - Promotions and Incentive Programs for First-Class Mail and Standard Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... primary reply mechanism for their customers and to keep the BRM/ CRM envelopes in their outgoing mail pieces by providing a financial benefit when the BRM/CRM envelopes are used. Registration is January 15... each machinable Business Reply Mail (BRM) or Courtesy Reply Mail TM (CRM) card or letter bearing...

  16. E-mail-marketing – a new tool of communication policy institutions of higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svitlana Semenyuk

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Article concerns the theoretical concept of formation and development e-mail-of marketing in the educational marketing particular analyzed approaches to the content of the concept «e-mail-marketing", determines the essence his nature and benefits of other means of communication. Determined that the e-mail-marketingis an inexpensive, but simultaneously quite effective and financially viable tool for promotingof educational services to market and necessity of its use in communication activities of higher education. The basic components of e-mail-marketing: customer needs (potential university entrants, higher education opportunities existing satisfy the needs of university entrants, explore the possibilities of higher education competitors. Proved that the instrument is-mail-marketing is the e-mail-sending. It's inexpensive and fairly simple variant push-technology, which today is widely use because pure commercial sending gives effect without major financial investments. The article deals with methods of forming database of e-mail addresses of applicants and requirements for e-mails.

  17. En kort historie om mail art

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Theis Vallø

    2016-01-01

    Fra New York Citys eksperimenterende kunstscene i 1950'erne, i stasi-arkiverne og frem til mail art-arkiverne som Mogens Otto Nielsens arkiv på Kunsten i Aalborg.......Fra New York Citys eksperimenterende kunstscene i 1950'erne, i stasi-arkiverne og frem til mail art-arkiverne som Mogens Otto Nielsens arkiv på Kunsten i Aalborg....

  18. Building mail server on distributed computing system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The electronic mail has become the indispensable function in daily job, and the server stability and performance are required. Using DCE and DFS we have built the distributed electronic mail sever, that is, servers such as SMTP, IMAP are distributed symmetrically, and provides the seamless access

  19. Machine Learning for E-mail Spam Filtering: Review,Techniques and Trends

    OpenAIRE

    Bhowmick, Alexy; Hazarika, Shyamanta M.

    2016-01-01

    We present a comprehensive review of the most effective content-based e-mail spam filtering techniques. We focus primarily on Machine Learning-based spam filters and their variants, and report on a broad review ranging from surveying the relevant ideas, efforts, effectiveness, and the current progress. The initial exposition of the background examines the basics of e-mail spam filtering, the evolving nature of spam, spammers playing cat-and-mouse with e-mail service providers (ESPs), and the ...

  20. Compulsory registration of mail servers in order to accept e-mail from the Internet

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2008-01-01

    This announcement is intended only for administrators of a mail server (sendmail, postfix, etc.). It concerns e-mails sent from the Internet to addresses of the following type: somemailbox@somehost.cern.ch. Mail server managers are requested to register their servers so that they can accept e-mail from outside CERN. In future the CERN mail infrastructure will relay messages from outside CERN only to officially registered mail servers. This rule applies only to messages sent from the Internet. There will be NO change with respect to messages sent from inside CERN. If you are responsible for a mail server that accepts e-mails from outside CERN, please read the following page: http://cern.ch/mail/Help/?kbid=191090, where you can find information about the new rule and check if your host is already registered in the system. If you wish to register a mail server please send a message to: mailto:mail.support@cern.ch. This rule will be gradually enforced from 20 February 2008 onwards. Thank you for your cooperation...

  1. A Moderator’s Perspective From Service Quality and Purchase Intentions Relationship: A Case Study of AirAsia Airlines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meysam Salimi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it was aimed to examine the relationships between service quality, brand loyalty and intention to buy among AirAsia passengers in Malaysia. The results obtained indicate that there is a positive relationship between service quality, brand loyalty and purchase intentions, while there is a moderator effect of ticket price affecting the relationship between service quality and intention to buy among customers. With more scrutinizing, it was revealed that the effect of service quality on intention to buy is not significant for passengers when there is a higher ticket price.

  2. Research of expansion strategy of Postal Direct Mail in Anhui Province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Zhengxi

    2012-01-01

    DM is “direct mail “, which is generally translated from English, abbreviated as DM. It means the multiform advertisements with the given information that are delivered to the target groups (potential customer, individuals and enterprises) directly by mailing service. DM is ranked a third media abroad following TV network and newspaper. It accounts for 15 - 20 % market share of the advertising market. However, in China, DM only accounts for less than 3 % market share at present, therefor...

  3. ELECTRONIC MAILING LIST AND INTERNET FORUMS - TOOLS FOR MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING WITHIN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Dorin Cristian COITA; Maria Madela ABRUDAN

    2007-01-01

    This paper is about the use of Electronic Mailing List and Internet Forums as tools for managers within educational organizations. In the same time, some of concepts, ideas and models can be used in other business organizations, especially in service providing organizations. Understanding management requires both learning and practicing, directly experiencing. People involved in electronic networks are experiencing the alternative to real communication. We considered Electronic Mailing List a...

  4. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    The AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on the 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. Thus starting on the 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  5. 4th June: AIS and NICE/MAIL unique authentication

    CERN Multimedia

    AIS and NICE teams

    2007-01-01

    Over the past few years, the IT department has been in the process of streamlining CERN users' access to all central computing services. The long term goal is to converge on a unique computer account, which will increase computer security and simplify account maintenance. The next step of this process will occur on 4th June 2007, as of when authenticating on the AIS applications (EDH, HRT, CET, APT, ERT, CRA, Foundation, ...) and on NICE (Windows) and MAIL will be done using the same username and password. As a reminder, this account can also be used on EDMS, INDICO, CDS and SIMBA. So starting on 4th June 2007, authentication on the AIS applications must be done using your AIS username and your MAIL/NICE password. Thanks for your understanding, The AIS and NICE teams

  6. Business evolution or revolution? Mail-order pharmacies in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gersch, Martin

    2004-01-01

    It is an interesting detail of the present reform of national public health service in Germany that mail-order and internet pharmacies will be founded in future as new (e-commerce) business models. Main points of conceivable business systems can be characterised as well as critical success factors. No potential participant can ever have all the necessary resources and competences to implement a competitive business system without external support. This is why cooperation seems to be a useful tool for competence management. The Resource-based View will serve as theoretical background for analysis. The required and available competences of conceivable players can be identified. Features of resources can be described that recommend special types of cooperation with the intention of establishing and operate a business system. Especially German and international pharmaceutical wholesalers can be identified as conceivable "parents" of mail-order pharmacies in the future. PMID:18048201

  7. Analysis of the Questions Asked through Digital and Face-to-Face Reference Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Keita; Arai, Shunsuke; Suga, Reina; Ikeuchi, Atsushi; Yoshikane, Fuyuki

    2013-01-01

    In Japan, only a few public libraries provide e-mail reference services. To help public libraries start e-mail reference services, the authors investigated reference questions received by libraries via e-mail and traditional face-to-face services. The authors found that research questions are more frequently observed among e-mail questions and…

  8. Volcano/net electronic mail network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Jonathan

    To promote rapid communication and data exchange among volcanologists, an international list of researchers and their electronic mail addresses is being compiled. If you are currently an electronic mail user on a non-commercial network (e.g., BITNET , SPAN, ARPANET, CSNET, UUCP, JANET, OZ, etc.) or on one of the networks that uses GTE Mail or Telemail (such as Kosmos, Pi-mail, or Omnet) and would like to be added to the list, send your name, title, user identification, node, network name, and a brief (one-line maximum) description of your volcano-related research interests to Jonathan Fink, Department of Geology, Arizona State University, Tempe , AZ 85287 (tel.: 602-965-3195) (BITNET: AIJHF@ ASUACAD).

  9. 78 FR 70600 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... performance reporting requirements for all contracts that fall within the parameters of the Inbound...

  10. 77 FR 26583 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-04

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. ] SUMMARY: The Commission is... Package contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related... electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Stephen L. Sharfman, General Counsel, at...

  11. 75 FR 10529 - Mail Classification Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-08

    ... Mail Classification Change AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Classification Schedule. The change affects a change in terminology. This notice addresses procedural steps....90 et seq. concerning a change in classification which reflects a change in terminology from...

  12. E-Mail in International Negotiation

    OpenAIRE

    Bülow, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of the use of e-mail to obtain agreement between two parties with overlapping but also conflicting interests. The literature on Media Richness suggests that e-mail is too lean to facilitate agreement; but all supporting evidence stems from homogenous populations. This paper, however, starts from the hypothesis that in connection with lingua franca interaction, the text format provides advantages for parties that need to think how to phr...

  13. ASME N511-19XX, Standard for periodic in-service testing of nuclear air treatment, heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    A draft version of the Standard is presented in this document. The Standard covers the requirements for periodic in-service testing of nuclear safety-related air treatment, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems in nuclear facilities. The Standard provides a basis for the development of test programs and does not include acceptance criteria, except in cases where the results of one test influence the performance of other tests. The Standard covers general inspection and test requirements, reference values, inspection and test requirements, generic tests, acceptance criteria, in-service test requirements, testing following an abnormal incident, corrective action requirements, and quality assurance. Mandatory appendices provide a visual inspection checklist and four test procedures. Non-mandatory appendices provide additional information and guidance on mounting frame pressure leak test procedure, corrective action, challenge gas substitute selection criteria, and test program development. 8 refs., 10 tabs.

  14. Transportation and Air Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... factors research. - Modeling & Inventories - Testing & Measuring Emissions - Clean Automotive Technologies - Emission Factors Research This page is maintained by EPA's Office of Transportation and Air Quality (OTAQ) . For more: About Us | Get E-mail ...

  15. Field investigation source area ST58 old Quartermaster service station, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liikala, T.L.; Evans, J.C.

    1995-01-01

    Source area ST58 is the site of the old Quartermaster service station at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska. The source area is one of several Source Evaluation Report sites being investigated by Pacific Northwest Laboratory for the US Air Force as candidates for no further remedial action, interim removal action, or a remedial investigation/feasibility study under a Federal Facilities Agreement. The purpose of this work was to characterize source area ST58 and excavate the most contaminated soils for use in composting treatability studies. A field investigation was conducted to determine the nature and extent of soil contamination. The field investigation entailed a records search; grid node location, surface geophysical, and soil gas surveys; and test pit soil sampling. Soil excavation followed based on the results of the field investigation. The site was backfilled with clean soil. Results from this work indicate close spatial correlation between screening instruments, used during the field investigation and soil excavation, and laboratory analyses. Gasoline was identified as the main subsurface contaminant based on the soil gas surveys and test pit soil sampling. A center of contamination was located near the northcentral portion of the source area, and a center was located in the northwestern comer. The contamination typically occurred near or below a former soil horizon probably as a result of surface spills and leaks from discontinuities and/or breaks in the underground piping. Piping locations were delineated during the surface geophysical surveys and corresponded very well to unscaled drawings of the site. The high subsurface concentrations of gasoline detected in the northwestern comer of the source area probably reflect ground-water contamination and/or possibly floating product.

  16. FANTASTIC-5G: flexible air interface for scalable service delivery within wireless communication networks of the 5th generation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaich, Frank; Sayrac, Berna; Elayoubi, Salaheddine;

    2016-01-01

    5th generation mobile networks will have to cope with a high degree of heterogeneity in terms of services, mobility, number of devices and so on. Thus, diverse and often contradicting key performance indicators need to be supported, but having multiple radio access technologies for multi-service...... support below 6 GHz will be too costly. FANTASTIC-5G will develop a new multi-service air interface through a modular design. To allow the system to adapt to the anticipated heterogeneity, some properties need to be pursued, like simplicity, flexibility, scalability, versatility, efficiency and future...

  17. Advances of air pollution science: from forest decline to multiple-stress effects on forest ecosystem services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoletti, E; Schaub, M; Matyssek, R; Wieser, G; Augustaitis, A; Bastrup-Birk, A M; Bytnerowicz, A; Günthardt-Goerg, M S; Müller-Starck, G; Serengil, Y

    2010-06-01

    Over the past 20 years, the focus of forest science on air pollution has moved from forest decline to a holistic framework of forest health, and from the effects on forest production to the ecosystem services provided by forest ecosystems. Hence, future research should focus on the interacting factorial impacts and resulting antagonistic and synergistic responses of forest trees and ecosystems. The synergistic effects of air pollution and climatic changes, in particular elevated ozone, altered nitrogen, carbon and water availability, must be key issues for research. Present evidence suggests air pollution will become increasingly harmful to forests under climate change, which requires integration amongst various stressors (abiotic and biotic factors, including competition, parasites and fire), effects on forest services (production, biodiversity protection, soil protection, sustained water balance, socio-economical relevance) and assessment approaches (research, monitoring, modeling) to be fostered. PMID:20036449

  18. Air

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... house) Industrial emissions (like smoke and chemicals from factories) Household cleaners (spray cleaners, air fresheners) Car emissions (like carbon monoxide) *All of these things make up “particle pollution.” They mostly come from cars, trucks, buses, and ...

  19. Applying the ecosystem service concept to air quality management in the UK: a case study for ammonia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smart, James Christopher Rudd; Hicks, Kevin; Morrissey, Tim; Heinemeyer, Andreas; Sutton, Mark; Ashmore, Mike

    2011-01-01

    To date evaluation of the benefits of policies to control emissions of air pollutants in the UK has focused on human health effects, which are quantified economically, whereas ecosystem protection has only been assessed using critical levels and critical loads. This paper considers the current...... feasibility of using an ecosystem services approach to appraise alternative scenarios for controlling agricultural ammonia emissions in the UK. The effect of ammonia emission reductions on ecosystems service delivery was assessed using an impact pathway approach. A ‘weakest link’ analysis identified that...... magnitude to those for human health impacts. The ecosystem service approach thus offers the potential to provide a holistic appraisal of the effects of emission reductions, and could therefore make a valuable contribution to future air quality management. However, improvements in data collection and...

  20. Aging of control and service air compressors and dryers used in nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moyers, J.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

    1990-07-01

    This report was produced under the Detection of Defects and Degradation Monitoring of Nuclear Plant Safety Equipment element of the Nuclear Plant Aging Research Program. This element includes the identification of practical and cost-effective methods for detecting, monitoring, and assessing the severity of time-dependent degradation (aging) of control and service air compressors and dryers in nuclear power plants. These methods are to provide capabilities for establishing degradation trends prior to failure and developing guidance for effective maintenance. The topics of this Phase 1 assessment report are failure modes and causes resulting from aging, manufacturer--recommended maintenance and surveillance practices, and measurable parameters (including functional indicators) for use in assessing operational readiness, establishing degradation trends, and detecting incipient failure. the results presented are based on information derived from operating experience records, manufacturer-supplied information, and input from plant operators. For each failure mode, failure causes are listed by subcomponent, and parameters potentially useful for detecting degradation that could lead to failure are identified. 13 refs., 9 figs., 16 tabs.

  1. Agent-based organizational modelling for analysis of safety culture at an air navigation service provider

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Assessment of safety culture is done predominantly by questionnaire-based studies, which tend to reveal attitudes on immaterial characteristics (values, beliefs, norms). There is a need for a better understanding of the implications of the material aspects of an organization (structures, processes, etc.) for safety culture and their interactions with the immaterial characteristics. This paper presents a new agent-based organizational modelling approach for integrated and systematic evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations in safety culture analysis. It uniquely considers both the formal organization and the value- and belief-driven behaviour of individuals in the organization. Results are presented of a model for safety occurrence reporting at an air navigation service provider. Model predictions consistent with questionnaire-based results are achieved. A sensitivity analysis provides insight in organizational factors that strongly influence safety culture indicators. The modelling approach can be used in combination with attitude-focused safety culture research, towards an integrated evaluation of material and immaterial characteristics of socio-technical organizations. By using this approach an organization is able to gain a deeper understanding of causes of diverse problems and inefficiencies both in the formal organization and in the behaviour of organizational agents, and to systematically identify and evaluate improvement options.

  2. 75 FR 56920 - Express Mail Open and Distribute and Priority Mail Open and Distribute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... destination in L005, Column B. 3. For ADC distribution, use the destination in L004, Column B (Priority Mail Open and Distribute Only). 4. For NDC distribution, use the destination in L601, Column B. 5. For ASF distribution, use L602, Column B (Priority Mail Open and Distribute Only). b. For Line 2 (content line),...

  3. 76 FR 37655 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... Register notice, Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats, (75 FR 16588-16592). The Postal... Register notice, New Origin Entry and Containerization Standards (75 FR 13704-13767). If that proposal is... as appropriate). 12345 MIX COMAIL * * * * * [Add a new 7.1.8 to described new OEL requirements...

  4. Air

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In recent years several regulations and standards for air quality and limits for air pollution were issued or are in preparation by the European Union, which have severe influence on the environmental monitoring and legislation in Austria. This chapter of the environmental control report of Austria gives an overview about the legal situation of air pollution control in the European Union and in specific the legal situation in Austria. It gives a comprehensive inventory of air pollution measurements for the whole area of Austria of total suspended particulates, ozone, volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, heavy metals, benzene, dioxin, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and eutrophication. For each of these pollutants the measured emission values throughout Austria are given in tables and geographical charts, the environmental impact is discussed, statistical data and time series of the emission sources are given and legal regulations and measures for an effective environmental pollution control are discussed. In particular the impact of fossil-fuel power plants on the air pollution is analyzed. (a.n.)

  5. The Rhodotron sterilizes American mail

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Rhodotron, designed by CEA in 1986, is an accelerator that delivers and carries beams of electrons over a 10 or 20 meter distance without any loss. This accelerator that delivers electrons with an energy of 5 to 10 MeV was initially used to food processing and the study of polymers, now it is intensively used by the United States postal service (USPS) to prevent any contamination by anthrax. The IBA centre of Bridgeport (New-Jersey) operates round the clock and 7 days a week, its Rhodotron can process the loads of 200 postal trucks each month. The Rhodotron can also deliver X-ray (more penetrating than electrons) to deal with parcels. (A.C.)

  6. Tools for Schools: Filtration for Improved Air Quality. Technical Services Bulletin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001

    This product bulletin addresses air pollution control in educational facilities to enhance educational performance, provides air quality recommendations for schools, and examines the filtration needs of various school areas. The types of air particles typically present are highlighted, and the use of proper filtration to control gases and vapors…

  7. Trends, Issues and Challenges Concerning Spam Mails

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Nath Shrivastava

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Traditional correspondence system has now been replaced by internet, which has now become indispensable in everyone’s life. With the advent of the internet, majority of people correspond through emails several times in a day. However, as internet has evolved, email is being exploited by spammers so as to disturb the recipients’. The entire internet community pays the price, every time there pops a spam mail. Online privacy of the users is compromised when spam disturbs a network by crashing mail servers and filling up hard disks. Servers classified as spam sites are forfeited from sending mails to the recipients’. This paper gives the broader view of spam, issues challenges and statistical losses occurred on account of spams.

  8. 76 FR 9702 - Shortpaid and Unpaid Information-Based Indicia (IBI) Postage and Shortpaid Express Mail Postage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Service published a proposed rule in the Federal Register on November 18, 2009 (74 FR 59494-59496... for Express Mail paid by any authorized postage payment method, the Postal Service is proposing to... or through an otherwise authorized Postal Service payment method as indicated in the...

  9. 77 FR 71458 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-30

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... Expedited Package Contracts 1. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several... additional Global Reseller Expedited Package (GREP) contract (Contracts 1).\\1\\ It seeks to have the...

  10. 78 FR 48728 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... obligation to provide its contracting partner, on a periodic basis, with a list of countries to which... an Additional Global Plus 1C Contract, January 11, 2013. IV. Ordering Paragraphs It is ordered:...

  11. 77 FR 73699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contracts, such as the addition of several articles, revisions to existing articles, and new annexes,...

  12. 77 FR 75200 - New International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-19

    ... New International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The... contract. This document invites public comments on the request and addresses several related procedural... (GEPS) 3 contract (Agreement).\\1\\ The Notice was filed in accordance with 39 CFR 3015.5. Notice at...

  13. 77 FR 70852 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-27

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... contract with Hongkong Post. This notice informs the public of the filing, invites public comment, and... Equivalent Agreement, November 15, 2012 (Notice). Contract history and scope. The Agreement is a successor...

  14. 77 FR 3288 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-23

    ... [Federal Register Volume 77, Number 14 (Monday, January 23, 2012)] [Notices] [Pages 3288-3289] [FR... Commission. Shoshana M. Grove, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2012-1218 Filed 1-20-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE ;P ... Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...

  15. 78 FR 21633 - International Mail Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... International Mail Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...\\ It seeks to have the Agreement included within the existing IBRS Competitive Contract 3 product on... Competitive Contract 3 product in Docket No. CP2012-17, and is on behalf of the same customer as in Docket...

  16. 78 FR 21632 - International Mail Product

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION International Mail Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is...\\ It seeks to have the Agreement included within the existing IBRS Competitive Contract 3 product...

  17. 76 FR 76201 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-06

    ... International Mail Contract AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... for case-related information for advice on alternatives to electronic filing. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...Admins@prc.gov (electronic filing assistance). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Introduction II. Notice...

  18. Personalized Direct Mail Fails to Increase Yield.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Mary Jo; Morgan, Don L.

    1990-01-01

    Compared the effects of personalized direct mail recruitment letters on the response rate of 2 groups of 300 students each. One group received a personalized recruitment letter; the other received a nonpersonalized letter. Results showed no statistical difference in response rate between the 2 groups. (TE)

  19. 76 FR 74078 - Standard Mail Market Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-30

    ... Standard Mail Market Test AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is... that applies to market tests of experimental market dominant products. It seeks the exemption for Every... exemption from the $10,000,000 revenue limitation in any year during the test of an experimental...

  20. E-mail security a pocket guide

    CERN Document Server

    Furnell, Steven

    2010-01-01

    This pocket guide will help businesses to address the most important issues. Its comprehensive approach covers both the technical and the managerial aspects of the subject, offering valuable insights for IT professionals, managers and executives, as well as for individual users of e-mail.

  1. 18 CFR 3b.227 - Mailing lists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mailing lists. 3b.227 Section 3b.227 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT... specifically authorized by law. This provision shall not be construed to require the withholding of names...

  2. Who Owns Your E-mail?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panepinto, Joe

    1995-01-01

    Examines recent findings that could influence the use of e-mail on university campuses. National privacy legislation and the inviolability of student records are discussed. It is concluded that more effective safeguards are necessary, and that the current steps are inadequate for the protection of students' rights. (Author/LRW)

  3. 76 FR 40677 - Farm Service Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; United States Warehouse Act (USWA) AGENCY: Farm Service... Act of 1995, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) is seeking comments from all interested individuals and...: Mail: Judy Fry, Agricultural Marketing Specialist, Commodity Operations Division, Farm Service...

  4. 77 FR 76091 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-26

    ... an expired International Business Reply Service (IBRS) competitive contract.\\1\\ The Postal Service... Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 1 Negotiated Service Agreement, December 14, 2012 (Notice). The... history. The Commission added International Business Reply Service Contract 1 to the competitive...

  5. Drug utilization and cost in a Medicaid population: A simulation study of community vs. mail order pharmacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seoane-Vazquez Enrique

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Outpatient drugs are dispensed through both community and mail order pharmacies. There is no empirical evidence that substitution of community pharmacy with mail order reduces overall drug expenditures. The need for evaluating the potential effects on utilization and costs of the possible extension of mail order services in Medicaid provides the rationale for conducting this study. This study compares drug utilization and drug product cost in community vs. mail order pharmacy dispensing services in a Medicaid population. Methods This study is a retrospective cohort study comparing utilization and cost patterns in community vs. mail order pharmacy. A simulation model was employed to assess drug utilization and cost in mail order pharmacy using community pharmacy claim data. The model assumed that courses of drug therapy (CDT in mail order pharmacy would have utilization patterns similar to those found in community pharmacy. A 95% confidence interval surrounding changes in average utilization and average cost were estimated using bootstrap analysis. A sensitivity analysis was performed by varying drug selection criteria and supply, fill point, and medication possession ratio (MPR. Sub-analyses were performed to address differences between mail order and community pharmacy related to therapeutic class and dual-eligible patients. Data for the study derived from pharmacy claims database of Ohio Medicaid State program for the period January 2000-September 2004. Drug claims were aggregated to obtain a set of CDTs representing unique patient IDs and unique drug products. Drug product cost estimates excluded dispensing fees and were used to estimate the cost reduction required in mail order to become cost neutral in comparison with community pharmacy. Results The baseline model revealed that the use of mail order vs. community pharmacy would result in a 5.5% increase in drug utilization and a 5.4% cost reduction required in mail order

  6. 17 CFR 3.50 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service. 3.50 Section 3.50... Revocation of Registration § 3.50 Service. (a) For purposes of this subpart, service upon an applicant or... thereto, and will be complete upon mailing. Where a party effects service by mail, the time within...

  7. Helicopter emergency medical services accident rates in different international air rescue systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Hinkelbein

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available J Hinkelbein1,2, M Schwalbe2, H V Genzwuerker2,31Department for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Cologne, Germany; 2Working Group “Emergency Medicine and Air Rescue”, German Society of Aviation and Space Medicine (DGRLM eV; 3Clinic of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Neckar-Odenwald-Kliniken gGmbH, Hospitals Buchen and Mosbach, Buchen, GermanyAim: Each year approximately two to four helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS crashes occur in Germany. The aim of the present study was to compare crash rates and fatal crash rates in Germany to rates in other countries.Materials and methods: A MEDLINE search from 1970 to 2009 was performed using combinations of the keywords “HEMS”, “rescue helicopter”, “accident”, “accident rate”, “crash”, and “crash rate”. The search was supplemented by additional published data. Data were compared on the basis of 10,000 missions and 100,000 helicopter flying hours. These data were allocated to specific time frames for analyis.Results: Eleven relevant studies were identified. Five studies (three from Germany, one from the US, one from Australia analyzing HEMS accidents on the basis of 10,000 missions were identified. Crash rates per 10,000 missions ranged between 0.4 and 3.05 and fatal crash rates between 0.04 and 2.12. In addition, nine studies (six from the US, two from Germany, one from Australia used 100,000 flying hours as a denominator. Here, crash rates ranged between 1.7 and 13.4 and fatal crash rates between 0.91 and 4.7.Conclusions: Data and accident rates were inhomogeneous and differed significantly. Data analysis was impeded by publication of mean data, use of different time frames, and differences in HEMS systems.Keywords: fatal accident rate, rescue helicopter, fatal crash rate, helicopter emergency medical system, accident analysis

  8. The impact of 90-day prescriptions on adherence at workplace pharmacies compared to traditional mail order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patwardhan, Avinash; Davis, Jeffery; Murphy, Patricia; Khandelwal, Nikhil; Sherman, Bruce; Manfred, James

    2011-12-01

    This study evaluated adherence to medications used to treat chronic conditions for patients with 90-day prescriptions, comparing patients with access to workplace pharmacy services versus patients using mail order services. De-identified pharmacy claims data were used to compute medication possession ratio and gaps in therapy. Results were compared for patients who filled 90-day prescriptions at workplace pharmacies versus patients who filled 90-day prescriptions using mail order pharmacy services in a 1-year period. Statistical tests to assess between group differences were performed controlling for differences because of age, sex, number of select chronic conditions, number of unique medication therapeutic classes, and patient out-of-pocket cost per therapy day. Statistically significant differences were found between patients who filled their maintenance medications at the worksite compared to those who used mail-order pharmacy services. Patients filling prescriptions at a workplace pharmacy were 22% less likely to have a gap in therapy of over 30 days compared to similar patients using mail order services. Workplace pharmacy utilizers also had overall adherence rates 3.68% higher than patients who utilized mail order pharmacy services. Our analysis suggests that it may not be just the quantity of medication dispensed that impacts patients' adherence to their prescription medication, but a variety of other factors including pharmacist-patient interaction. Having a pharmacist on-site and available to patients with chronic considerations could provide added value. These results can aid employers and other stakeholders to decide which prescription benefits to offer their employees and members. PMID:22092153

  9. 78 FR 13006 - New Intelligent Mail Package Barcode Standards To Enhance Package Visibility; Opportunity for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ..., Federal Register notice (75 FR 56922-56923) on September 17, 2010. In response to input from the mailing... timing for its implementation. Stanley F. Mires, Attorney, Legal Policy & Legislative Advice. BILLING..., Product Classification, U.S. Postal Service, 475 L'Enfant Plaza SW., Room 4446, Washington, DC...

  10. 78 FR 69553 - Domestic Competitive Products Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-20

    ... 111 Domestic Competitive Products Pricing and Mailing Standards Changes AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM... Express will continue to offer zoned Retail, Commercial Base\\TM\\, and Commercial Plus\\TM\\ pricing tiers... net zero percent price increase. Commercial Base pricing offers an average 11.0 percent discount...

  11. Impact of humor and gender in e-mail marketing : Case DefShop GmbH

    OpenAIRE

    Sivén, Johanna

    2015-01-01

    This Bachelor’s thesis project was conducted for DefShop GmbH. In accordance to the commissioner’s interests towards customization of their e-mail newsletter service, a test campaign was administered in order to detect possible differences in the clicking behavior of male and female newsletter subscribers when receiving either neutral or humorous e-mails. The two test e-mails used for the campaign differed in their visual content, changing the message in either humorous or neutral direction. ...

  12. A critical review of studies of the association between demands for hospital services and air pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipfert, F W

    1993-07-01

    Studies of the associations between air pollution and hospital admissions and emergency room use are reviewed, including studies of air pollution episodes, time-series analyses, and cross-sectional analyses. These studies encompass a variety of methods of analysis and levels of air quality. Findings from all three types of studies were generally consistent in that almost all of the studies reviewed found statistically significant associations between hospital use and air pollution; this unanimity may have resulted in part from publication bias. These associations were characterized by elasticities of the order of 0.20; i.e., a 100% change in air pollution was associated with a change in hospital use of about 20%, for specific diagnoses. Respiratory diagnoses were emphasized by most studies; cardiac diagnoses were included in five of them. The air pollutants most often associated with changes in hospital use were particulate matter, sulfur oxides, and oxidants. Apart from the major air pollution episodes, there was no obvious link between air pollution level and the significance or magnitudes of the associations. Long-term indicators of hospitalization appeared to also be influenced by medical care supply factors, including the numbers of beds and physicians per capita. These nonpathological causal factors could also have influenced the findings of the time-series studies by introducing extraneous factors in the patterns of admissions. Although consistent associations have been shown between hospital use and air pollution, further research is required to distinguish among potentially responsible pollutants and to deduce specific dose-response relationships of general utility. PMID:8243395

  13. The design of road and air networks for express service providers

    OpenAIRE

    Meuffels, W.J.M.

    2015-01-01

    Express service providers move packages (i.e. parcels, documents, or pieces of freight) from senders to receivers under various but guaranteed service level agreements. These service level agreements specify date and time of collection at the sender, and receiving at the customer. Research in this dissertation is dedicated to the design of so-called express line-haul transports from the first consolidation point, the origin depot, to the last consolidation point, the destination depot. The li...

  14. The Scope of State Aid and Public Service Obligation for Airports and Air Carriers in the Light of European Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grzegorz Zajac

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Public aid is the kind of advantage granted directly or indirectly for private companies from State resources. The European Commission prerogative to control the transfer of public resources by the public authorities (national or local for the benefit of private undertakings, as a general rule, there is an obligation of notification, as provided for in article 108 (3 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU. It should be noted in the beginning that State aid given to undertakings conducting economic activity is, in principle, incompatible with the European Union’ law, as provided for in article. 107 (1 of the TFEU. There are certain situations that the granting of public funds will not constitute “public aid” within the meaning of article 107 of the TFEU and, therefore, will not violate European rules in this field. One of them are activities related to the exercise of the prerogatives of the public authority (security, safety, customs, air traffic control. The other is related to the exercise of services in general economic interest. This could be an example of public service obligation (PSO. This service can be applied in the light of the provisions of European law on two types of action on air routes, and on airport managing body. The imposition of a PSO to the specified route is the support given by the State to the outermost regions that due to their unfavourable geographical position cannot fully develop economically, and no carrier had not been interested in performing air services to that region due to the lack of cost effectiveness. Some activities at the airport may be considered as activities of general economic interest.

  15. The Shift of the Demand for Air Transport Services when Prices Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Pauna

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The decrease of the charge/unit price determines the extension of demand, as well as the increaseof the amount of a product/service required on the market. The relationship between the evolution ofcharge/unit price (the independent variable and the market demand of a good/service (the dependentvariable can be illustrated in a table, a function or a graph. The causal relationships between the change ofthe charge/unit price of a good/service and the change of the amount required represent the essence of thegeneral law of demand. This law is not fully valid when it comes to services. There are situations whichapparently contradict the general law of demand: there are buyers who mostly use the services of a companyeven if this asks for higher prices on the grounds of saving time, which reflects the relationship between theprice and the quality of the service offered. Price increase can be accompanied by the increase of the quantityrequired when the difference in price can be compensated for by the growth in quality. The increase ordecrease of demand can be determined, at a certain offer, by the change of the charge/unit price of agood/service. The following paper deals with the limits of the demand shift under the conditions of a pricechange. The direct competition between the airlines offering full services (classical companies and those thatdo not offer any auxiliary services (low cost is increasing in the entire world.

  16. The Discourse of all.department e-mails

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pogner, Karl-Heinz; Søderberg, Anne-Marie

    2001-01-01

    which social relations are expressed and constructed in the e-mail discourse and how the organizational world of the department is represented in the all.department e-mails. Our analyses of the e-mails show that the managerial voices are dominant as well as the perception of e-mail communication...... as a tool of information transmission. However, a few e-mails sent by employees without specific organizational functions differ significantly from the `managerial' mails. In these mails employee voices articulate a latent and unfulfilled need for a community and a forum for dialogue. The usage of the all.......department e-mail communication is also related to the ongoing change of managing university departments in Denmark....

  17. Looking for the minimum efficiency of fibrous air filters during their service life

    OpenAIRE

    Tronville, Paolo Maria

    2012-01-01

    Electret fibrous air filter media achieve high efficiencies while maintaining low air flow resistance by incorporating electrostatic charges on their fibers. However, captured ultrafine particles reduce this electrostatic enhancement. It is important to evaluate the behavior of such media when their electrostatic enhancement has been completely suppressed, leaving only "mechanical" effects such as sieving, impaction, interception and diffusion. Existing standards EN779:2002 and ASHRAE 52.2-20...

  18. Review of OCR Techniques Used in Automatic Mail Sorting of Postal Envelopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.Radha

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of various OCR techniq ues used in the automatic mail sorting process. A complete description on various existing methods fo r address block extraction and digit recognition th at were used in the literature is discussed. The objec tive of this study is to provide a complete overvie w about the methods and techniques used by many researchers for automating the mail sorting process in postal service in various countries. The significance of Z ip code or Pincode recognition is discussed.

  19. ELECTRONIC MAILING LIST AND INTERNET FORUMS - TOOLS FOR MANAGEMENT AND MARKETING WITHIN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Cristian COITA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is about the use of Electronic Mailing List and Internet Forums as tools for managers within educational organizations. In the same time, some of concepts, ideas and models can be used in other business organizations, especially in service providing organizations. Understanding management requires both learning and practicing, directly experiencing. People involved in electronic networks are experiencing the alternative to real communication. We considered Electronic Mailing List and Internet Forums both as marketing tool and a human resources management tool. The benefits of using discussion lists are: people informed, involved and improved.

  20. Developing a high assurance multilevel mail server

    OpenAIRE

    Eads, Bradley R.

    1999-01-01

    Electronic mail (email) often contains sensitive information, which requires special handling to prevent accidental disclosure to unauthorized personnel. Using multiple systems operating at different classifications has caused a number of inefficiencies in the way email is managed and distributed. Attachments in emails have increased the likelihood that a "Trojan Horse" could be inserted in the system to obtain unauthorized access to information. To address this problem Commercial Off-The-She...

  1. 78 FR 11699 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... entered into an additional International Business Reply Service (IBRS) Competitive Contract 3 negotiated... Equivalent International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract 3 Negotiated Service Agreement, February...-24), Order No. 684, Order Approving International Business Reply Service Competitive Contract...

  2. US EPA Office of Research and Development Community-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C-FERST) Air Pollutants 2011 web mapping service

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This map service displays all air-related layers used in the USEPA Community/Tribal-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C/T-FERST) mapping application...

  3. US EPA Office of Research and Development Community-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C-FERST) Air web mapping service

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This map service displays all air-related layers used in the USEPA Community/Tribal-Focused Exposure and Risk Screening Tool (C/T-FERST) mapping application...

  4. 31 CFR 560.508 - Telecommunications and mail transactions authorized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Telecommunications and mail... REGULATIONS Licenses, Authorizations and Statements of Licensing Policy § 560.508 Telecommunications and mail... telecommunications and mail between the United States and Iran are authorized. For purposes of this section, the...

  5. How to Use E-Mails for Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    N.J.Stirk

    2004-01-01

    @@ E-mail is a quick and convenient way of communicating. It is faster than a letter and often more convenient than a telephone call. You are probably used to exchanging e-mail with friends using highly informal language.In this article you will learn more about the form and language of e-mail in professional contexts.

  6. 76 FR 3679 - Market Test of Marketing Mail Made Easy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... Market Test of Marketing Mail Made Easy AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY... involving the sale of Marketing Mail Made Easy. This document describes the proposed test, addresses... experimental market dominant product, Marketing Mail Made Easy (MMME).\\1\\ The market test will begin on...

  7. 19 CFR 145.2 - Mail subject to Customs examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mail subject to Customs examination. 145.2 Section 145.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MAIL IMPORTATIONS General Provisions § 145.2 Mail subject to...

  8. An additional DNS feature for different routing of electronic mail inside and outside of a campus network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several years ago DESY faced the need to change the Electronic Mail Service to support it on a central cluster of servers. The centralized architecture was necessary for deployment of unified internal E-Mail standards, better quality of service and security. To implement a new policy for Electronic Mail Service and avoid huge modifications to a few hundreds network nodes, an additional DNS feature has been added to ISC's (Internet Software Consortium) software bind-4.9.7. The DNS servers running at DESY are capable of distinguishing between DNS queries coming from inside and outside of the campus network and reply with different list of MX (Mail Exchanger) records. The external hosts always get a list of MX records pointing to the central mail servers while the internal hosts may use different paths for mail exchange within the campus network. A modified version of DNS software has been used at DESY since 1997. It is fully compliant with the original goal of the project and shows good operational performance and reliability

  9. An Additional DNS Feature for Different Routing of Electronic Mail inside and outside of a Campus Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AndreyBobyshev; MichaelErnst

    2001-01-01

    Several years ago DESY faced the need to change the Electronic Mail service to support it on a central cluster of servers.The centralized architecture was necessary for deployment of unified internal E-Mail standards,better quality of service and security,To implemnet a new policy for Electronic Mail Service and avoid huge modifications to a few hundreds network nodes,an additional DNS feature has been added to ISC's (Internet Software Consortium)software bind-4.9.7.The DNS servers running at DESY are capable of distingushing between DNS queries coming from inside and outside of the campus netwokr and reply with different list of MX(Mail Exchanger)records.The external hosts always get a list of MX records pointing to the central mail servers while the internal hosts may use different paths for mail exchange within the campus network.A modified version of DNS software has been used at DESY since 1997,It is fully compliant with the original goal of the projcet and shows good operational performance and reliability.

  10. The Shift of the Demand for Air Transport Services when Prices Change

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Pauna

    2011-01-01

    The decrease of the charge/unit price determines the extension of demand, as well as the increaseof the amount of a product/service required on the market. The relationship between the evolution ofcharge/unit price (the independent variable) and the market demand of a good/service (the dependentvariable) can be illustrated in a table, a function or a graph. The causal relationships between the change ofthe charge/unit price of a good/service and the change of the amount required represent the...

  11. The development of long-haul air services from regional and secondary airports in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Dennis, Nigel

    2005-01-01

    In recent years there has been tremendous interest in the growth of low-cost airlines in Europe operating from regional and secondary airports. These have been entirely in the short-haul sector, however. Intercontinental services remain dominated by a few large airports such as London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Paris CDG and Amsterdam. This paper examines the recent development of long-haul services and shows that some of the medium sized European airports have seen their network reduced in the las...

  12. Veteran satisfaction with RN voice-mail greeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mancuso, Josephine M; Manchester, Eva; Zamborini, Lynette; Knippel, Barbara; Hart, Gina; Radtke, Sandra; Haberman, Vicki

    2012-01-01

    Voice-mail communication is often used to convey information between the registered nurse (RN) and the Veteran. Using a pretest-posttest design, this study examined whether implementation of a standardized voice-mail greeting had an impact on Veteran satisfaction and the number of messages left on the RN voice-mail. Veterans were more satisfied and there was a significant decrease in RN voice-mail messages post-implementation. This study highlights effects of the voice-mail greeting and has implications for other health care settings. PMID:22573208

  13. 14 CFR 375.50 - Transit flights; scheduled international air service operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and intermediate point to be served). (4) A statement as to whether or not any advertisement or publication of the proposed operations has been made in the United States. If there has been any advertisement... ownership and effective control are vested in nationals of a State party to the International Air...

  14. 76 FR 39299 - Shortpaid and Unpaid Information-Based Indicia (IBI) Postage and Shortpaid Express Mail Postage

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-06

    ...) Postage and Shortpaid Express Mail Postage, Revised Proposal (76 FR 9702-9705). The Postal Service... postage meters to use an existing account and/or payment method in lieu of a credit card to pay revenue... portal or through an otherwise authorized Postal Service payment method as indicated in the...

  15. 10 CFR 205.7 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 205.7 Section 205.7 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OIL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS General Provisions § 205.7 Service. (a) All orders... personally or by registered or certified mail or by regular United States mail (only when service is...

  16. Cross-Cultural Perspectives of Service Quality and Risk in Air Transportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Lawrence F.; Young, Clifford E.; Lee, Moonkyu

    2002-01-01

    This study compares US and Korean customers in terms of their perceptions of airline service quality based on SERVPERF and industry-based measures, as well as their perceptions of risks involved in the airline choice. SERVPERF is a set of multi-dimensional measures of customer evaluations of service quality. The results indicate that: (1) US passengers are generally more satisfied with their airline service than Korean customers on most of the SERVPERF dimensions; (2) Koreans are generally more satisfied with the bumping procedures whereas US participants feel more satisfied with the airline's baggage handling, operations/safety, and connections; and (3) US participants perceive higher levels of performance and financial risks whereas Koreans feel greater social risk in choosing an airline. This study also examines the SERVPERF, industry-based measure, and perceived risk in predicting customer satisfaction with, and intention to repatronize the airline. The results suggest that US customers consider service reliability, in-flight comfort, and connections as the key factors determining satisfaction with airline service whereas Korean passengers generally regard reliability, assurance, and risk factors as predictors of satisfaction. The determining factors of customer intention to repatronize the airline are reliability and empathy for US, and reliability and overall risk for Korean customers. The study demonstrates the applicability of SERVPERF as a cross-cultural tool and indicates the importance of perceived risk in cross-cultural studies.

  17. 76 FR 14284 - Domestic Shipping Services Product Launch of Parcel Select Regional Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    .... When either the Intelligent Mail package barcode or a Confirmation Services barcode is used, Parcel... part of a concatenated Intelligent Mail package barcode (IMpb) or a Confirmation Services GS-128... barcode included as part of a concatenated Intelligent Mail package barcode. 2. A Confirmation Services...

  18. Optimizing Air Transportation Service to Metroplex Airports. Par 2; Analysis Using the Airline Schedule Optimization Model (ASOM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoue, George; Hoffman, Karla; Sherry, Lance; Ferguson, John; Kara, Abdul Qadar

    2010-01-01

    The air transportation system is a significant driver of the U.S. economy, providing safe, affordable, and rapid transportation. During the past three decades airspace and airport capacity has not grown in step with demand for air transportation; the failure to increase capacity at the same rate as the growth in demand results in unreliable service and systemic delay. This report describes the results of an analysis of airline strategic decision-making that affects geographic access, economic access, and airline finances, extending the analysis of these factors using historic data (from Part 1 of the report). The Airline Schedule Optimization Model (ASOM) was used to evaluate how exogenous factors (passenger demand, airline operating costs, and airport capacity limits) affect geographic access (markets-served, scheduled flights, aircraft size), economic access (airfares), airline finances (profit), and air transportation efficiency (aircraft size). This analysis captures the impact of the implementation of airport capacity limits, as well as the effect of increased hedged fuel prices, which serve as a proxy for increased costs per flight that might occur if auctions or congestion pricing are imposed; also incorporated are demand elasticity curves based on historical data that provide information about how passenger demand is affected by airfare changes.

  19. Personnel and mail screening with millimeter waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMakin, Douglas L.; Sheen, David M.; Griffin, Jeffery W.; Valentine, Nancy B.; Lechelt, Wayne M.

    2005-05-01

    The detection and interdiction of biological and chemical warfare agents at point-of-entry military, government, and civilian facilities remains a high priority for security personnel. Commercial personnel and mail screening technologies for these harmful agents are still being developed and improved upon to meet all security client requirements. Millimeter-wave holographic imaging technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is an ideal sensor to interrogate objects concealed behind low dielectric barriers such as paper, cardboard, and clothing. It uses harmless millimeter waves to illuminate the object or person under surveillance. The waves penetrate through the low dielectric barrier and either reflects off or pass through the hidden object, depending on its material dielectric properties. The reflected signals are digitized and sent to high-speed computers to form high-resolution, three-dimensional (3-D) images. Feasibility imaging studies have been conducted to determine whether simulated biological or chemical agents concealed in mail packages or under clothing could be detected using holographic radar imaging techniques. The results of this study will be presented in this paper.

  20. THE PUBLIC SERVICE OF THE OFFICIAL TIME AT THE OBSERVATORIO NAVAL BUENOS AIRES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Cifuentes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El Observatorio Naval Buenos Aires (ONBA, a trav ́es del Servicio P ́ublico de la H ora Oficial Argentina, mantiene, conserva y difunde la representaci ́on local de UTC como UTC (ONBA (BIPM Circular T, la cual es la base legal del tiempo en la Rep ́ublica Argentina. Se presentan las actividades y proyectos del ONBA, entre ellos, la participaci ́on en la Firma Digital y el nuevo equipamiento que permiti ́o mejorar la trazabilidad de UTC ̇ (ONBA a UTC.

  1. Consumer adoption of access-based consumption services - Case AirBnB

    OpenAIRE

    Satama, Sampo

    2014-01-01

    Increasing internet and smart phone penetration has given rise to a new business model, in which the service companies act as intermediaries and allow consumers to exchange value between them. Usually this is done by facilitating resource exchange between the consumers - one party that needs a resource such as a car, a designer bag or a place to stay rents or shares this resource with another party that has no need for the resource at the moment. This phenomenon has been dubbed collaborati...

  2. Very-High-Cycle-Fatigue of in-service air-engine blades, compressor and turbine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanyavskiy, A. A.

    2014-01-01

    In-service Very-High-Cycle-Fatigue (VHCF) regime of compressor vane and turbine rotor blades of the Al-based alloy VD-17 and superalloy GS6K, respectively, was considered. Surface crack origination occurred at the lifetime more than 1500 hours for vanes and after 550 hours for turbine blades. Performed fractographic investigations have shown that subsurface crack origination in vanes took place inspite of corrosion pittings on the blade surface. This material behavior reflected lifetime limit that was reached by the criterion VHCF. In superalloy GS6K subsurface fatigue cracking took place with the appearance of flat facet. This phenomenon was discussed and compared with specimens cracking of the same superalloy but prepared by the powder technology. In turbine blades VHCF regime appeared because of resonance of blades under the influenced gas stream. Both cases of compressor-vanes and turbine blades in-service cracking were discussed with crack growth period and stress equivalent estimations. Recommendations to continue aircrafts airworthiness were made for in-service blades.

  3. Techniques and Tools for Forensic Investigation of E-mail

    OpenAIRE

    M. Tariq Banday

    2011-01-01

    E-mail has emerged as the most important application on Internet for communication of messages, delivery of documents and carrying out of transactions and is used not only from computers but many other electronic gadgets like mobile phones. Over a period of year’s e-mail protocols have been secured through several security extensions and producers, however, cybercriminals continue to misuse it for illegitimate purposes by sending spam, phishing e-mails, distributing child pornography, and ha...

  4. E-MAIL USAGE BEHAVIOR AT WORK: THE PORTUGUESE CASE

    OpenAIRE

    Rui Filipe Cerqueira Quaresma; Sílvia Paula Rosa da Silva; Cristina Galamba Marreiros

    2013-01-01

    E-mail is one of the most used information and communication technologies by organizations. This technology has an enormous potential to transform the way organizations and their processes work. E-mail can speed-up processes and transaction, facilitate information exchange, improve quality, increase employees speed and productivity, and strengthen the relationship with stakeholders. The present paper analysis e-mail usage behavior at work, through empirical data collected in Portugal. The maj...

  5. Electronic mail : attitudes, self-efficacy, and effective communication

    OpenAIRE

    Kandies, Jerry T.

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of this study was (a) to investigate the functional use of e-mail in a university setting and the relationship of attitudes toward and self-efficacy with email technology, and (b) to evaluate writing effectiveness in an electronic medium. The study also sought to determine if certain personal characteristics could serve as predictor variables for explaining e-mail use, attitudes toward email, and self-efficacy with e-mail technology. The population of inter...

  6. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010 The Mail Team

  7. E-mail security: new restriction on attachments

    CERN Multimedia

    The Mail Team

    2006-01-01

    In order to further protect CERN mail users against viruses that spread using malicious files, from 1st March onwards dangerous file types already forbidden as mail attachments will also be forbidden as contents of an archive attachment (.zip and .rar compressed files). More details, including a list of blocked file types, can be found at http://cern.ch/mmmservices/Help/?kbid=171010. The Mail Team

  8. Dosimetry Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Cern Staff and Users can now consult their dose records for an individual or an organizational unit with HRT. Please see more information on our web page: http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry Dosimetry Service is open every morning from 8.30 - 12.00. Closed in the afternoons. We would like to remind you that dosimeters cannot be sent to customers by internal mail. Short-term dosimeters (VCT's) must always be returned to the Service after the use and must not be left on the racks in the experimental areas or in the secretariats. Dosimetry Service Tel. 7 2155 Dosimetry.service@cern.ch http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry

  9. ssignment's assessment and management of university students via e- mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Ghaderi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available E-mail is one of online teaching means that has prospered recently in universities. That is to say that there is a short term background of using E-mail for assignments’ management and assessment. In this study, I investigated different dimensions of E- mail applicability and usefulness for assessing assignments and its strength and weaknesses among fresh students. For this intention, I based my case study on 158 students in three courses and one professor during a semester. By monitoring case studies and observing self-report checklists I investigated the behaviours of students and their E-mails. The results showed that speed of transmission and giving feedback is much higher than the other current methods. Possibility of electronic search for assignments, giving feedback to students without time and place restriction, group feedbacks and guidance, and reinforcement of teaching – learning in informal times are advantages of using E-mail as a tool for assignment management. However, using E- mail has some limitations, too. Restricting communication to writing, prolonged individual feedbacks, repetitive E- mails, misunderstanding and technical problems among novice students are weaknesses of using e- mail for assessing assignments. At the end I’ll offer some recommendations to make E- mail an effective means for assignments’ assessment.

  10. E-MAIL USAGE BEHAVIOR AT WORK: THE PORTUGUESE CASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Filipe Cerqueira Quaresma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available E-mail is one of the most used information and communication technologies by organizations. This technology has an enormous potential to transform the way organizations and their processes work. E-mail can speed-up processes and transaction, facilitate information exchange, improve quality, increase employees speed and productivity, and strengthen the relationship with stakeholders. The present paper analysis e-mail usage behavior at work, through empirical data collected in Portugal. The majority of users reveal adequate e-mail usage behavior, in spite of some situations that might prove to be problematic to organizations.

  11. Role of Air Cargo and Road Feeder Services for Regional Airports – Case Studies from the Baltic Sea Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beifert Anatoli

    2016-06-01

    the regional airports and their possible participation in the air cargo market as a supplement instrument to generate additional revenue also by means of so-called “air trucking” services will be presented and discussed.

  12. Heart murmurs recorded by a sensor based electronic stethoscope and e-mailed for remote assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Wren, C; Dahl, L.; Hasvold, P; Arild, E; Hasvold, T.

    2002-01-01

    Background: Heart murmurs are common in children, and they are often referred to a specialist for examination. A clinically innocent murmur does not need further investigation. The referral area of the University Hospital is large and sparsely populated. A new service for remote auscultation (telemedicine) of heart murmurs in children was established where heart sounds and short texts were sent as an attachment to e-mails.

  13. The Joint Effect of Relationship Perceptions, Loyalty Program and Direct Mailing on Customer Share Development

    OpenAIRE

    Verhoef, Peter

    2002-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper, we examine the effect of relationship perceptions and relationship marketing instruments on customer share development. We also study the interaction effect of these instruments with behavioral loyalty and relationship perceptions. This study is executed among a sample of customers of a financial service provider. Our results show that commitment positively affects changes in customer share, while loyalty program membership and direct mailings also have a positive e...

  14. E-marketing, Unsolicited Commercial E-mail, and Legal Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Xingan

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore the legal solutions to unsolicited commercial e-mail. The advantages of e-mail enable it to be one of the most important e-marketing instruments. Spammers are also motivated by potential profits in spamming. The low costs and high benefits of the spammers, and the high costs and low benefits of the spammed determine the illegal nature of the spamming. The spam poses challenges for e-mail recipients' property rights, fair trade, public morals, cybersecurity, personal data protection, and involves other concerns as well. In dealing with spam, technical and marketing solutions cannot work alone without the legal mechanisms. The legal regulation is justified by balancing the interest between senders, service providers and even users. Criminal sanctions, civil remedies, and international harmonization are alternative steps in establishing legal solutions. As a necessary part of the legislation, punishment for unsolicited commercial e-mails should be more severe. Still, there are a number of limitations to the effectiveness of law enforcement against spamming. Spam must be eliminated by comprehensive mechanisms.

  15. Import/Export Service of Radioactive Material and Radioactive Sources Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the Import/Export Service of radioactive material (http://cern.ch/service-rp-shipping/ - e-mail : service-rp-shipping@cern.ch) and the Radioactive Sources Service (http://cern.ch/service-radioactive-sources - e-mail : service-radioactive-sources@cern.ch) at bldg. 24/E-024 will be closed on FRIDAY 10 SEPTEMBER 2004. Tel. 73171

  16. [Prevention of cervical and breast cancer in health services and non-governmental organizations in the city of Buenos Aires].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponce, Marisa

    2013-08-01

    The article analyzes actions for the prevention of cervical and breast cancer in public, private, and employment-based health services and in non-governmental organizations in the city of Buenos Aires. The article seeks to reflect on the reach and limitations of the approaches implemented in the three subsectors of the health care system and the community to prevent women from suffering or eventually dying as a consequence of these diseases, in the fragmented context of a health system with great heterogeneity in access and deep social inequalities in the use of preventive actions. The study utilizes a broad definition of prevention which integrates education, awareness-building and early detection of pre-carcinogenic and carcinogenic lesions, among other medical and non-medical components. The results were obtained using semi-structured interviews with subjects from public hospitals, employment-based health care services, private medical companies and non-governmental organizations with work in cancer prevention. These results show that contrary to a comprehensive approach, each institution limits its actions to only one aspect of prevention, implementing predominately isolated or disconnected actions inadequate to generate an autonomous and well-informed demand for treatment and health care among women. PMID:23989627

  17. An Analysis of Stylistic Variables in Electronic Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Rodney P.

    1997-01-01

    Analyzes as to style 200 samples of electronic mail memorandums gathered from 4 organizations. Counts systematically textual features such as sentence and paragraph length, grammatical sentence types, sentence openers, and diction to examine patterns of rhetorical choice common to electronic mail. Finds that writers combined elements of…

  18. The Rewards of Managing an Electronic Mailing List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borei, Karin Begg

    1999-01-01

    Provides a general overview of how electronic mailing-list-management software works, then focuses on the "human dimensions" involved in every mailing list as they relate to management of two lists, WALDEN (Women Academic Library Directors Engaged in Networking) and SWEDE-L. (Author/AEF)

  19. 9. mail Moskvasse minna ei tohi / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2004-01-01

    Autori arvates tähendaks Eesti Vabariigi presidendi visiit 9. mail Moskvasse sõjaroimarite õigeksmõistmist. Lisa: Kas Eesti president peaks minema 9. mail Moskvasse? Küsimusele vastavad: Heiki Ahonen, Dimitri Klenski, Karmo Tüür

  20. Teacher Talk on E-Mail. Current Conversations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Elaine; Hill, Elaine

    1996-01-01

    A high school and a university teacher converse via e-mail concerning their cooperative project in electronic literacy. The conversation highlights the frustrations of system crashes, student successes and failures, and the beginning of one teacher's dissertation. References to technology include experiences with e-mail, an LCD panel, and closed…

  1. E-Mail as a Resource in Teacher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maarof, Nooreiny

    Use of electronic mail (e-mail) as a resource in a Universiti Kebangsaen Malaysia (UKM) English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) teacher education course in 1997-98 is described. The second-year undergraduate course, "The Teaching of Reading Skills in an ESL Context," enrolled 115 students with a range of experience with computers. One course project…

  2. E-Mail at Work: Is it Really Private?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenblum, Cindy

    This paper examines the controversy of e-mail privacy in the workplace. Once an employee uses an e-mail system that belongs to the employer, according to recent case law, their privacy rights are forfeited. Employers will now have to start creating policies to safeguard themselves from expensive litigation, and employees will have to be more…

  3. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 516 - Mailing Addresses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Mailing Addresses B Appendix B to Part 516 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Pt. 516, App. B Appendix B to Part 516—Mailing Addresses The following is...

  4. THz time-domain spectroscopy imaging for mail inspection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liquan; Wang, Zhongdong; Ma, Yanmei; Hao, Erjuan

    2011-08-01

    Acquiring messages from the mail but not destroying the envelope is a big challenge in the war of intelligence. If one can read the message of the mail when the envelope is closed, he will benefit from the message asymmetry and be on a good wicket in the competition. In this paper, we presented a transmitted imaging system using THz time-domain spectroscopy technology. We applied the system to image the mail inside an envelope by step-scanning imaging technology. The experimental results show that the THz spectroscopy can image the mail in an envelope. The words in the paper can be identified easily from the background. We also present the THz image of a metal blade in the envelope, in which we can see the metal blade clearly. The results show that it is feasible of THz Time-Domain Spectroscopy Imaging for mail inspection applications.

  5. Using Electronic Mail Networks in Facility Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lilley, Ed; Dangler, Terry

    1989-01-01

    Electronic communication networks can provide facility planners with a rapid forum for the exchange of ideas and a quick survey process. Provides information about the Facilities and Services Listserv (FACSER), designed for the exchange of ideas related to higher education, and other services and networks such as BITNET, ARPANET, and INTERNET.…

  6. 21 CFR 600.2 - Mailing addresses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... (HFM-99), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 1401 Rockville... service to: Sample Custodian (ATTN: HFM-672), Food and Drug Administration, Center for Biologics... courier service to: Sample Custodian (ATTN: HFM-672), Food and Drug Administration, Center for...

  7. Tractor-Maintenance: Operation & Daily Care [and] Servicing Air Cleaner & Lubrication. Student Materials. V. A. III. [V-C-1 through V-C-4].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

    Designed for use by students in vocational agricultural classes, this manual deals with tractor maintenance. Operation and daily care are the topics of the first section. Safety is also covered. In the final part of the manual, servicing the air cleaner and lubricating the engine are discussed. Both sections conclude with a quiz. (PLB)

  8. The Correlation between Sex, Age, Educational Background, and Hours of Service on Vigilance Level of ATC Officers in Air Nav Surabaya, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saleh, Lalu Muhammad; Suwandi, Tjipto; Hamidah

    2016-01-01

    The vigilance of an Air Traffic Control (ATC) officer determines aviation safety. The number of aviation accidents tends to be increasing in recent years. Aviation accidents may be caused by human errors (i.e. errors made by pilot or ATC officer) or unsafe work condition. Sex, age, educational background, and hours of service might affect…

  9. 75 FR 32143 - Submission of Electronic Documentation With Comailed and Copalletized Mailings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... trays with Intelligent Mail tray labels to pallets bearing Intelligent Mail container placards, as well... consolidating multiple mailings on pallets will be required to provide the electronic submission equivalent of... mailing going to the consolidation site. Mailers consolidating multiple mailings on pallets must use...

  10. Save our inboxes! Use e-mail wisely

    CERN Multimedia

    Achintya Rao

    2013-01-01

    At CERN, with collaborators all over the world, e-mail is inevitably the primary means of communication: we use it for everything from coordinating projects to organising lunches. But e-mail can also be one of the most inefficient means of communication we have! Here's how to fix it.   Let’s get straight to the point: we receive too many e-mails. Think about all the e-mails that you deleted without a second thought. Think about the times you’ve unnecessarily been in CC. Take a look at the unread e-mails sitting in your inbox at this very moment, ones that you have no intention of ever looking at. You can, however, tame this overload with a few simple measures and turn e-mail into an important communication and productivity tool. Many recommendations for improving e-mail etiquette suggest an abrasive approach riddled with bullet points. In a vastly multi-cultural setting such as CERN, however this approach may fail. So, here are a few dos and don’ts based o...

  11. Consumers and Computer Software Advertisements in Spam E - mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail inundates inboxes. Little is known about consumer responses to spam e - mail advertising computer software products. We conducted a study among 200 college students to determine variables associated both with opening/reading spam e mail about computer software products and w ith purchasing these items. With regard to opening/reading, we found that increasing age (OR:1.22, 95% CI:1.02, 1.47; p=0.03, previously responding to fraudulent e - mail (OR:2.91, 95% CI:1.31, 6.46; p=0.01, and wanting to learn more information online ab out computer software (OR:1.72, 95% CI:1.12, 2.64; p=0.01 had significant associations. With regard to purchasing, we found that wanting to learn more information online about computer software had a significant association (OR:2.47, 95% CI:1.32, 4.60; p= 0.01 and previously responding to fraudulent e - mail approached significance (OR:2.55, 95% CI:0.99, 6.58; p=0.052. E thical e - mail advertisers would benefit when advertising computer software products to include in the e - mail relevant information about l e arn ing more information online about computer so ftware. This can encourage the recipient to click - through and purchase the advertised computer software product.

  12. Comparison of Ozone and Water Vapor Retrieved From Airbus In-Service Aircraft (MOZAIC) and AIRS data over Delhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, R. P.; Bhattacharjee, P. S.

    2010-12-01

    Carbon monoxide (CO) is a key trace gas in tropospheric photochemistry and controls the oxidizing capacity in the troposphere. On oxidation with OH radicals, in turn, could perturb the growth rates of many greenhouse gases such as CH4 and O3. We have used Carbon Monoxide (CO in ppbv), Water (H2O) and ozone (O3) mixing ratio data from Measurement of Ozone and Water Vapor by Airbus In-Service Aircraft (MOZAIC) over Delhi centrally located in the northern part of India. We have analyzed more than 100 aircraft profile data measured by flights to and from Delhi during period 2003 - 2006. CO from Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Measurement of Pollution in the atmosphere (MOPITT), is compared with MOZAIC data. Satellite derived data are found to be be in good agreement with the aircraft data, although the satellite overpass time are not concurrent with aircraft descending/ascending time. CO, H2O and O3 all show prominent seasonal variations and a climatology is produced from the observation data. The seasonal effect on the trace gas concentrations and effect of dust show characteristic behavior.

  13. E-mail Interaction in Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳

    2007-01-01

    E-mail has been implemented in foreign langnage learning and teaching for many years.It is widely approved that language learners'communicative competence and intereuhural competence can be developed through e-mail interaction in spite of the problems and difficulties existing in the process of designing and carrying out ofan e-mail project.Hence,more and more language teachers from different countries are trying to search for the possibilities of integrating email interaction in their teaching context so as to improve the language-learning environment.

  14. Toward Parameterisation of E-mail Mediated Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Mirta Galesic; Josip Stepanic

    2003-01-01

    E-mail mediated communication rapidly intensifies, both in quantity and quality and so does the need to understand its psycho-social context. In this article we formulated a model of psycho-social elements of the process of receiving an e-mail. The corresponding technique starts by recognising the relevant states of a human receiver and a received e-mail. The states are parameterised, paying special attention to the description of receiver's emotional states, as the event of receiving is more...

  15. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurses- on Telephone73802- by electronic mailInfirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.chJanet.Doody@cern.chMireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedical Service

  16. 11 CFR 100.27 - Mass mailing (2 U.S.C. 431(23)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mass mailing (2 U.S.C. 431(23)). 100.27 Section...) General Definitions § 100.27 Mass mailing (2 U.S.C. 431(23)). Mass mailing means a mailing by United... nature within any 30-day period. A mass mailing does not include electronic mail or...

  17. SUMMARY OF ELECTRIC SERVICE COSTS FOR TOTALLY AIR CONDITIONED SCHOOLS PREPARED FOR HOUSTON INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, MAY 31, 1967.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WHITESIDES, M.M.

    THIS REPORT IS A COMPILATION OF DATA ON ELECTRIC AIR CONDITIONING COSTS, OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE. AIR CONDITIONING UNITS ARE COMPARED IN TERMS OF ELECTRIC VERSUS NON-ELECTRIC, AUTOMATIC VERSUS OPERATED, AIR COOLED VERSUS WATER COOLED, RECIPROCATING VERSUS CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS, SPACE AND NOISE, REHEAT, MAINTENANCE AND ORIGINAL COST. DATA ARE…

  18. Communications and media services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcculla, James W.; Kukowski, James F.

    1990-01-01

    NASA's internal and external communication methods are reviewed. NASA information services for the media, for the public, and for employees are discussed. Consideration is given to electron information distribution, the NASA TV-audio system, the NASA broadcast news service, astronaut appearances, technology and information exhibits, speaker services, and NASA news reports for internal communications. Also, the NASA worldwide electronic mail network is described and trends for future NASA communications and media services are outlined.

  19. PARTIAL IMAGE SPAM E-MAIL DETECTION USING OCR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Sathiya*1 M.Divakar#2 T.S. Sumi*3

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Even though there a number of inbuilt E-mail filtering software associated with every e-mailservice providers like Gmail, Yahoo mail they identify only text spam and image spam. As a result they could not detect the mix image spam. So this paper concentrates on identifying and avoiding partial image spam whenever it is received to our email inbox by an unknown source across the Internet.

  20. MAILING LISTS & EL TEACHING AND RESEARCH IN CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The successive founding of ELT mailing lists since the mid-90s have provided language teachers worldwide with a cheap, ef-ficient and informative teaching tool. This paper offers an intro-duction to the major ELT lists and a discussion of the signifi-cance of the mailing lists to our teaching work, academic re-search and self-development. Advice is also given on how to takebetter advantage of this powerful educational instrument.

  1. Machine Learning Methods for Spam E-Mail Classification

    OpenAIRE

    W. A. Awad; S. M. Elseuofi

    2011-01-01

    The increasing volume of unsolicited bulk e-mail (also known as spam) has generated a need for reliable anti-spam filters. Machine learning techniques now days used to automatically filter the spam e-mail in avery successful rate. In this paper we review some of the most popular machine learning methods (Bayesian classification, k-NN, ANNs, SVMs, Artificial immune system and Rough sets) and of their applicability to the problem of spam Email classification. Descriptions of the algorithms are ...

  2. 77 FR 28259 - Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... Mailable Mailable No more than 3 (individual batteries). batteries. 3. Each secondary cell must not contain.... In addition, the Postal Service has moved the lithium battery standards as it relates to... than 1.0 gram (g) of lithium content per cell. 2. Each battery must contain no more than 2.0...

  3. 78 FR 54687 - International Mail Contract

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-05

    ... 21, 2012 notice in the instant docket seeking the same treatment for the original version of the GEPS... changes entail the revision of Paragraph 1 of Article 15; the deletion of Paragraph 2 of Article 15; and the renumbering of the subsequent paragraphs of Article 15. Id. The Postal Service intends to...

  4. Needs and workflow assessment prior to implementation of a digital pathology infrastructure for the US Air Force Medical Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonhan Ho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Advances in digital pathology are accelerating integration of this technology into anatomic pathology (AP. To optimize implementation and adoption of digital pathology systems within a large healthcare organization, initial assessment of both end user (pathologist needs and organizational infrastructure are required. Contextual inquiry is a qualitative, user-centered tool for collecting, interpreting, and aggregating such detailed data about work practices that can be employed to help identify specific needs and requirements. Aim: Using contextual inquiry, the objective of this study was to identify the unique work practices and requirements in AP for the United States (US Air Force Medical Service (AFMS that had to be targeted in order to support their transition to digital pathology. Subjects and Methods: A pathology-centered observer team conducted 1.5 h interviews with a total of 24 AFMS pathologists and histology lab personnel at three large regional centers and one smaller peripheral AFMS pathology center using contextual inquiry guidelines. Findings were documented as notes and arranged into a hierarchal organization of common themes based on user-provided data, defined as an affinity diagram. These data were also organized into consolidated graphic models that characterized AFMS pathology work practices, structure, and requirements. Results: Over 1,200 recorded notes were grouped into an affinity diagram composed of 27 third-level, 10 second-level, and five main-level (workflow and workload distribution, quality, communication, military culture, and technology categories. When combined with workflow and cultural models, the findings revealed that AFMS pathologists had needs that were unique to their military setting, when compared to civilian pathologists. These unique needs included having to serve a globally distributed patient population, transient staff, but a uniform information technology (IT structure. Conclusions: The

  5. Air Pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to a close in June 2013 when the company, Conscious Clothing, was awarded the My Air grand ... Page Options: Request Translation Services Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Google+ Reddit Email Evernote More Increase Font Size Decrease ...

  6. Did Your Mailed Ballot Count: The Unrecognized Unreliability of Voting By Mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alec Yasinsac

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Voting By Mail (VBM was developed to support absentee voters. It was originally intended to handle canonical absentee voters who now fall under the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Voting Act (UOCAVA and those with legally acceptable reasons for being unable to appear at the polls on Election Day. Its use slowly expanded to more casual justifications, such as those with planned Election Day travel. More recently, there has been a trend of further expansion to on-demand VBM in many states. As a result, the percentage of VBM ballots has skyrocketed, with little research regarding its impacts on security, privacy, reliability, and accuracy on U. S. elections. In virtually every close election, the outcome must await tabulation of VBM ballots. Yet, VBM may be the least reliable voting approach in wide spread use today. Vote By Mail fraud is recognized by some as possibly the single greatest security vulnerability in U. S. elections. The lack of in-person, at-the-polls accountability makes absentee ballots the tool of choice for those inclined to commit fraud," the Florida Department of Law Enforcement concluded in 1998, after a mayoral election in Miami was thrown out when officials learned that "vote brokers" had signed hundreds of phony absentee ballots.1 Conversely, others recognize theoretical weaknesses in VBM, but generally dismiss its practical impact [1, 2]. Others continue to promote VBM expansion [3, 4]. In this paper, we identify inherent, widespread vulnerability in VBM systems and illustrate their practical impact with numerous examples. We show specifically why VBM systems are not auditable and demonstrate how their unreliability can negatively impact real elections.

  7. 39 CFR 952.8 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service. 952.8 Section 952.8 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES RULES OF PRACTICE IN PROCEEDINGS RELATIVE TO FALSE REPRESENTATION AND LOTTERY ORDERS § 952.8 Service. (a) Where the Respondent's mailing address is within the United...

  8. Variability of Compet itive Factors in Air Transportation and Improving Customer Satisfaction with Service Innovation: A New "Mile + Time Score" Application

    OpenAIRE

    Süleyman Can Yıldırır

    2015-01-01

    As in all the world, airlines transportation in our country is increasing every day. Rapid transport, reasonable price and high quality service is the reaso n for this increase. Both local and foreign airline companies have accelerated their activities as result of this rapid growth in air transportation sector. Over the time, these enterprises reached a level to go head to head with each other about the quality, price, transport network and ...

  9. The Effect of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania Clean Indoor Air Act on Food Services and Drinking Places Sales and Numbers, 1998-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Zhen-qiang; Fisher, Monica A

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Philadelphia enacted its Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) nearly 2 years before the statewide CIAA. In this study, we assessed the economic impact of CIAAs on 4 types of food services and drinking places and addressed the predominant limitation of previous pre–post ban studies, namely the lack of control for confounders and changes in secular trends over time. Methods We analyzed data from Pennsylvania Department of Revenue Quarterly 1998–2011 taxable county-level revenue sales and nu...

  10. How competitive gas air-conditioning is being offered to domestic users by means of attractive energy selling services?; Une climatisation au gaz concurrentielle pour le marche residentiel via des services de vente d'energie attractifs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jane, R.; Raventos, M. [Gas Natural, SDG, S.A. (Spain); Naval, J.; Martinez, J.A. [Gas Serviconfort S.A. (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    With the object of responding to the progressive increase in the demand for air-conditioning in the domestic sector with the presentation of gas as a competitive alternative to the electric systems currently available, and in order to avoid not only the loss of this specific market but also of the heating and hot water markets in the new-build residential sector, a new individualized energy selling service has been developed. This new option incorporates the advantages of the individualized and centralized systems of air-conditioning thanks to the utilisation of the medium-size gas air-conditioning systems currently available and to the geNie system as an instrument for totally individualizing the service and offering truly innovative features that will be attractive to the consumer. This new line of activity, implemented by the Serviconfort, a subsidiary company off the Gas Natural Group, has proven its viability both in technological and in service-definition terms in a series of demonstrations with more than 800 clients, which have served to indicate the considerable interest of the new-build residential sector in Spain and the expectations for the potential market over the next few years. (authors)

  11. 41 CFR 102-192.130 - What are your general responsibilities as an agency mail manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... responsibilities as an agency mail manager? 102-192.130 Section 102-192.130 Public Contracts and Property... ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Agency Mail Manager Requirements § 102-192.130 What are your general responsibilities as an agency mail manager? In addition to carrying out the responsibilities in Subparts B, C,...

  12. 41 CFR 102-192.120 - Must we have an agency mail manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... mail manager? 102-192.120 Section 102-192.120 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... MANAGEMENT Agency Mail Manager Requirements § 102-192.120 Must we have an agency mail manager? Yes, every Federal agency as defined in § 102-192.35 must have an agency mail manager. Agencies that are not...

  13. 41 CFR 102-192.145 - Which program levels should have a mail manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... should have a mail manager? 102-192.145 Section 102-192.145 Public Contracts and Property Management... have a mail manager? Every program level within a Federal agency that generates a significant quantity of outgoing mail should have its own mail manager. Each agency must decide which programs will have...

  14. Discourse strategies in professional e-mail negotiation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to report on some of the preliminary results of an on-going study on the use of discourse strategies in e-mail negotiation. The analysis aims at showing how relations between the participants develop through the use of specific discourse strategies in their e......-mail communication which covers a period of three months, during which the relationship progresses from initial contact to on-going business. Drawing on Hyland's (2005) concept of metadiscourse combined with Charles' (1996) categories of ‘old and new relationship negotiations', this study provides insights...... into naturally occurring language in an e-mail communication between a Danish Company and its business contact in Taiwan. During the three-month period observed, the frequency in use of interpersonal strategies converges as the relationship progresses towards a more contextually stable and more personalised...

  15. Providing cell phone numbers and e-mail addresses to patients: The patient’s perspective, a cross sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peleg Roni

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Today patients can consult with their treating physician by cell phone or e-mail. These means of communication enhance the quality of medical care and increase patient satisfaction, but they can also impinge on physicians’ free time and their patient schedule while at work. The objective of this study is to assess the attitudes and practice of patients on obtaining the cell phone number or e-mail address of their physician for the purpose of medical consultation. Methods Personal interviews with patients, 18 years of age or above, selected by random sampling from the roster of adults insured by Clalit Health Services, Southern Division. The total response rate was 41%. The questionnaire included questions on the attitude and practice of patients towards obtaining their physician’s cell phone number or e-mail address. Comparisons were performed using Chi-square tests to analyze statistically significant differences of categorical variables. Two-tailed p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant, with a power of 0.8. Results The study sample included 200 patients with a mean age of 46.6 ± 17.1, of whom 110 were women (55%. Ninety-three (46.5% responded that they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s cell phone number, and an additional 83 (41.5% would not object to obtaining it. Of the 171 patients (85.5% who had e-mail addresses, 25 (14.6% said they would be very interested in obtaining their physician’s e-mail address, 85 (49.7% said they would not object to getting it, and 61 (35.7% were not interested. In practice only one patient had requested the physician’s e-mail address and none actually had it. Conclusions Patients favored cell phones over e-mail for consulting with their treating physicians. With new technologies such as cell phones and e-mail in common use, it is important to determine how they can be best used and how they should be integrated into the flow

  16. BEWARE OF OPENING ATTACHMENTS IN E-MAIL

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Following the recent e-mail viruses you are asked to be cautious when opening e-mail attachments on your PC. Attachments that are apparently harmless might hide active content producing nasty effects as soon as they are opened. Some of these so called 'Trojan horses' can conceal themselves in very attractive pictures and funny slide shows.On the PC Windows infrastructure, CERN runs software to protect users from known viruses, but new ones can sometimes arrive before our software recognises them. They can enter your system when you open an attachment. To remove them it may be necessary to re-install the Windows software on your PC.

  17. Machine Learning Methods for Spam E-Mail Classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.A. Awad

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The increasing volume of unsolicited bulk e-mail (also known as spam has generated a need for reliable anti-spam filters. Machine learning techniques now days used to automatically filter the spam e-mail in avery successful rate. In this paper we review some of the most popular machine learning methods (Bayesian classification, k-NN, ANNs, SVMs, Artificial immune system and Rough sets and of their applicability to the problem of spam Email classification. Descriptions of the algorithms are presented,and the comparison of their performance on the SpamAssassin spam corpus is presented.

  18. Hesitative introduction of E-mail consultations in general practice.

    OpenAIRE

    Verheij, R.; Ton, C.; Tates, K.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: The Dutch Council for Public Health and Health Care reported in 2005 that 70% of internet users would want to have the opportunity to consult their own general practitioner by e-mail [1]. Since January 1, 2006, general practitioners in the Netherlands are reimbursed 4.50 euro for e-mail consultations, on the condition that it does not concern a new health problem and that it substitutes for a normal practice consultation. In this presentation we will investigate how many doctors...

  19. Do young adults participate in surveys that 'go green'? Response rates to a web and mailed survey of weight-related health behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Nicole; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Harwood, Eileen M; Eisenberg, Marla E; Wall, Melanie M; Hannan, Peter J

    2011-01-01

    There is a paucity of research regarding the contextual factors that influence health behaviors to inform the development of programs and services for youth during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood. Researchers are thus in need of efficient strategies for surveying diverse populations of young adults. This study among a population-based sample of young adults aimed to 1) examine response to a mixed-mode survey design (web and mailed surveys) and 2) identify demographic correlates of response mode. Young adults who participated in previous study waves were invited to participate in the third wave of a 10-year longitudinal study (Project EAT-III: 2008-2009) examining factors associated with weight-related behaviors. Participants were mailed invitation letters providing the web address and a unique password for completing the survey. Nonresponders were mailed three reminder invitations; the third mailing included the paper form, and all other mailings included a postage-paid card for requesting the paper form. Most completed surveys (82.1% of n=2,287) were returned by respondents within the first four months of fielding prior to the mailing which included the paper form. Nearly all of these early responders (92.6% of n=1,878) and 86.5% of the full respondent sample (n=1,979 of 2,287) completed the web form. Response to the web versus mailed paper form of the survey was associated with age >25 years, higher socioeconomic status, current employment, student status, and having no children. The combination of web and mailed survey modes is an effective strategy for conducting data collection in demographically diverse, young adult populations. PMID:23173062

  20. 43 CFR 4.1109 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service. 4.1109 Section 4.1109 Public... Special Rules Applicable to Surface Coal Mining Hearings and Appeals General Provisions § 4.1109 Service... class mail. (c) Service of copies of all documents is complete at the time of personal service or,...

  1. 16 CFR 4.4 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 4.4 Section 4.4 Commercial... Service. (a) By the Commission. (1) Service of complaints, initial decisions, final orders and other..., registered or certified, and mailed; service under this provision is complete upon delivery of the...

  2. 42 CFR 431.230 - Maintaining services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Maintaining services. 431.230 Section 431.230 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... Applicants and Recipients Procedures § 431.230 Maintaining services. (a) If the agency mails the 10-day or...

  3. 17 CFR 171.9 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service. 171.9 Section 171.9... ACTIONS General Provisions § 171.9 Service. (a) General requirements. Unless otherwise provided, all... service. Service may be made by personal delivery (effective upon receipt), mail (effective upon...

  4. Economics on the Internet: Electronic Mail in the Classroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, Linda M.

    1996-01-01

    Explores the benefits and drawbacks of using electronic mail in the classroom. Benefits include improving teacher-student relations, communicating thorough discussion lists, and augmenting information dissemination. The false sense of anonymity, however, encourages students to send abusive messages. Privacy issues and tampered messages are other…

  5. 76 FR 60715 - Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... the Rule, such as debit cards; and (4) requiring sellers to provide refunds within seven working days... Order Merchandise: Promulgation of Trade Regulation Rule, 40 FR 49492-94 (Oct. 22, 1975); Federal Trade Commission: Part 435--Mail Order Merchandise: Promulgation of Trade Regulation Rule: Correction, 40 FR...

  6. Võidupüha 8. mail? / Leonti Kährik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kährik, Leonti

    2005-01-01

    Eesti peaks väärikalt tähistama võidupüha kui euroopalike demokraatlike väärtuste võitu natsismi ja fašismi üle. Lähtudes 1940. a. juunini Eestis kehtinud vööndiajast, võiks võidupüha tähistada 8. mail

  7. Analysis of the Spanish-speaking mailing list RADIOLOGIA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to analyse the mailing list RADIOLOGIA during its first 5 years of operation (from 1998 to 2003). A survey questionnaire was sent to evaluate the characteristics of subscribers and to score (from 0 to 9) the functionality, usefulness and quality of the mailing list. All messages sent to the list during the evaluated period were classified and quantified. A social network analysis was performed from all messages replied to during 2001 and 2002 with the option 'reply to' included in the subject. One hundred and forty (36.8%) responses were collected from 380 subscribers, mainly radiologists (90.0%). 80% of responders were located in Spain, 16% in Latin America, and 4% in other places. The obtained scores (mean ± standard deviation) were: functionality 7.4 ± 1.3; usefulness 7.0 ± 1.4; and quality of e-mail contents 6.0 ± 1.4. During the evaluated period 2700 e-mail messages were sent to the list, with a monthly distribution of 44.3 ± 26.0. The list functioning has been based on an active minority of subscribers that provided information and responses to the rest of the subscribers, a ring of active members that participated in discussions, and about 50% of passive members

  8. Foreign Mail Surveys: Response Rates Using Monetary Incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Charles F Keown

    1985-01-01

    The cross-national researcher is cautioned about the possible consequences of using monetary incentives in foreign mail surveys. In this study, a US$1 incentive increased the response rate from Japanese business people, but decreased the response from Hong Kong.© 1985 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (1985) 16, 151–153

  9. Keypals--E-mail Leads to New Friends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durost, Dennis D.; Hutchinson, Sue L.

    1997-01-01

    Describes the Keypal Project, a project in which e-mail was introduced in two kindergarten classes with the intent to enrich children's literacy and communication skills and foster long-distance relationships. Found the project had great learning potential and was easily incorporated into constructivist programs which emphasize active learning.…

  10. 76 FR 60765 - Mail or Telephone Order Merchandise Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... newly developed payment methods. ANPR, 72 FR at 51729. Specifically, the Commission asked ``into which... Trade Regulation Rule, 40 FR 49492-94 (Oct. 22, 1975); Federal Trade Commission: Part 435--Mail Order Merchandise: Promulgation of Trade Regulation Rule: Correction, 40 FR 51582-597 (Nov. 5, 1975)...

  11. The non addressed mail; Le courrier non adresse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    In 1999, the non addressed mail aggregated i million tons. Today there is no selective collection of these wastes. The ADEME (french agency for the environment and the energy mastership) drove a study to propose and evaluate the cost of a selective collection. This document presents the results of the study. (A.L.B.)

  12. Ratsuchende von E-Mail-Beratungsdiensten: Entwurf einer Typologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Weinhardt

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available KlientInnen von vier nach dem Prinzip der maximalen Variation ausgewählten E-Mail- Beratungsdiensten wurden mit einem standardisierten Onlinefragebogen zur Internetnutzung, der nachgesuchten Beratung, ihres Persönlichkeitsprofils und soziodemographischen Hintergrundvariablen befragt. Mit Hilfe von Faktoren- und Clusteranalyse konnten vier Gruppen von Ratsuchenden isoliert werden, die sich zu vier KliententInnentypen verdichten lassen.

  13. 76 FR 52561 - Timely Mailing Treated as Timely Filing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... regulations amending a Treasury Regulation to provide guidance as to the only ways to establish prima facie... the IRS, will constitute prima facie evidence of delivery. The regulations are necessary to provide... the postmark date and prima facie evidence of delivery when using certified or registered mail....

  14. Clasificarea distribuita a mesajelor de e-mail

    CERN Document Server

    Pop, Florin; Trauşan-Matu, Ştefan

    2011-01-01

    A basic component in Internet applications is the electronic mail and its various implications. The paper proposes a mechanism for automatically classifying emails and create dynamic groups that belong to these messages. Proposed mechanisms will be based on natural language processing techniques and will be designed to facilitate human-machine interaction in this direction.

  15. Should You Have the Air Ducts in Your Home Cleaned?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your indoor air. You have probably seen an advertisement, received a coupon in the mail, or been ... Hotline News Blog Apps Widgets Social sites: Twitter Facebook YouTube Flickr Instagram More social media at EPA »

  16. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  17. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  18. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  19. REMINDER FROM MEDIAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses - on Telephone: 73802. - by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  20. Dose quality audits activity via mailed TLDs in the last five years (2005 - 2009)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The accuracy in the dose determination in radiotherapy should be as high as possible due to the critical balance between tumor eradication and complications in healthy organs. This supposed the need of the QA programme in dosimetry of the radiotherapy beams. A fundamental step in any dosimetry QA programme is an audit performed by an independent external body, a national or international organization. The aim of the paper is to present the activity of the SSDL Sofia in the field of the Dose Quality Audit via mailed TLDs in the last five years (2005 - 2009). The IAEA's Dosimetry Laboratory is the central laboratory of the IAEA/WHO Network of SSDLs and provided range of the services to Member States. The SSDL Sofia is regularly participated in the services using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) in the form of powder

  1. Economic impact of air pollution on timber markets: Studies from North America and Europe. Forest Service general technical report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The impact of air pollution on forest health has in recent years become an issue of major public concern. This is true despite the fact that irrefutable cause-and-effect relationships have in most instances been quite difficult to establish. The purpose of the report is to assist government officials and other concerned parties by contributing to a better understanding of the economics of forest damage from air pollution. The papers presented here were written by seven economists who have studied the forestry air pollution situation and its relationship to timber markets. The first paper explains the economic linkages among fossil fuel consumption, air pollution externalities, and losses in timber markets. The five papers that follow are concerned with the actual estimation of damages across selected large geographic areas. One study deals with the Southeastern United States; three are national studies from Finland, the U.S., and Canada; and one is concerned with the entire European continent. Yet, while each of the studies is concerned with estimating damage within a large geographic area, the methods of analysis are diverse

  2. Research on an E-mail Encryption Protocol Based on Quantum Teleportation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shufen, Xiao; Yumin, Dong; Hongyang, Ma; Libo, Chen

    2016-07-01

    With the rapid development of information technology (IT), E-mail has become an important communication tool between human beings. Meanwhile, E-mail safety becomes increasingly important because of its universal applications. In order to overcome shortages of classical E-mail encryption, an E-mail encryption protocol based on quantum teleportation was proposed. It makes quantum encryption of E-mails during sending and receiving processes by taking advantages of entanglement and nonclonability of quantum, thus ensuring safety and reliability of E-mail transmission.

  3. Promoting Education by Mail: To Boost Your Continuing Education Enrollment, Take a Tip from the Direct Mail Pros.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jeffrey B.

    1980-01-01

    Many institutions are trying to increase their enrollment of adult continuing education students. Direct mail recruiting techniques are described, including: (1) frame the message for the audience, (2) state benefits of purchase, (3) stimulate action, and (4) assess responses and measure effectiveness. (MLW)

  4. 76 FR 16588 - Combined Mailings of Standard Mail and Periodicals Flats

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    ... comment requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act [5 U.S.C. ] 553(b), (c)] regarding proposed... Subjects in 39 CFR Parts 111 and 121 Administrative practice and procedure, Postal Service. Accordingly, 39... current processes that identify and isolate Periodicals origin mixed area distribution center...

  5. 41 CFR 102-192.125 - What is the appropriate managerial level for an agency mail manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... managerial level for an agency mail manager? 102-192.125 Section 102-192.125 Public Contracts and Property... ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Agency Mail Manager Requirements § 102-192.125 What is the appropriate managerial level for an agency mail manager? The agency mail manager should be at a...

  6. 41 CFR 102-192.140 - What are your general responsibilities as a Federal mail center manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... responsibilities as a Federal mail center manager? 102-192.140 Section 102-192.140 Public Contracts and Property... ADMINISTRATIVE PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Mail Center Manager Requirements § 102-192.140 What are your general responsibilities as a Federal mail center manager? A Federal mail center manager should— (a) Implement policies...

  7. Traitement ou recyclage... Les réacteurs biphasiques au service du traitement de l'air

    OpenAIRE

    Gillet, Sébastien

    2009-01-01

    Ces dernières années, la pollution de l’air est devenue une préoccupation pour ses impacts environnementaux et sur la santé. Les réglementations contrôlant les émissions d’air pollué se sont d’ailleurs multipliées. Face à ces problèmes, des solutions de traitement ont été développées, certaines utilisant même les potentialités des microorganismes pour épurer les effluents industriels. Les limites de ces traitements biologiques classiques sont même en voie d’être repoussées par ...

  8. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses - on telephone: 73802 - by e-mail:Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  9. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2002-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses: on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Medical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  10. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses - on telephone: 73802 - by e-mail: Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  11. Reminder from Medical Service

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2004-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Medical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  12. Reminder from Medical Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, contact the nurses on telephone: 73802 by e-mail: Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  13. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on telephone: 73802. by electronic mail to: Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Medical Service

  14. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service médical

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites,be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurseson telephone: 73802.by electronic mail to:Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedicalService

  15. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor.For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802 or by electronic mail:Infirmary.Service@cern.chMarion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.chMedicalService

  16. 38 CFR 3.7 - Individuals and groups considered to have performed active military, naval, or air service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Note: For Federal Register citations affecting § 3.7, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which...) Army field clerks. Included as enlisted men. (d) Army Nurse Corps, Navy Nurse Corps, and female... Guard. Active service in Coast Guard on or after January 29, 1915, while under jurisdiction of...

  17. Personal Media Producer: A System for Creating 3D CG Animation from Mobile Phone E-mail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koichi Emura

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phone e-mail is increasingly being chosen by consumers as their primary communication tool. Messages exchanged among mobile phone users frequently contain “emoticons (smileys” and “emoji (pictograms”. Some consumers have started to use services that add a relevant animated image to a message. Consumers will start to exchange animated messages if they are available. This paper proposes a method of generating animation sequences from plain text messages without an authoring process. This method utilizes information available in the consumer’s ubiquitous computing environment to obtain necessary information not included in the original e-mail. The results of the preliminary evaluation show that a user needs around two minutes to create a one-minute animation using this method, a 3.6 times improvement in creation efficiency over that of a prior method.

  18. Perceptions of the Royal Mail Case in the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Camfferman, C.

    1998-01-01

    The 1931 Royal Mail case, as a landmark event in the history of British accountancy, did not go unnoticed in the Netherlands. Awareness of the case is reflected by a fairly wide scattering of references in contemporary Dutch documentary sources, notably in the literature of the auditing profession. Because of this, the case provides a convenient opening for studying the comparative development of accounting and auditing in Britain and the Netherlands. This paper documents Dutch references to ...

  19. E-mail Classification using Social Network Information

    OpenAIRE

    Borg, Anton; Lavesson, Niklas

    2012-01-01

    A majority of E-mail is suspected to be spam. Traditional spam detection fails to differentiate between user needs and evolving social relationships. Online Social Networks (OSNs) contain more and more social information, contributed by users. OSN information may be used to improve spam detection. This paper presents a method that can use several social networks for detecting spam and a set of metrics for representing OSN data. The paper investigates the impact of using social network data ex...

  20. Analyzing E-mail communication of prospective learners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anurag SAXENA

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing E-mail communication of prospective learners Vibha JOSHIAnurag SAXENA Reader School of Management IGNOU, New Delhi, INDIA ABSTRACT Today, computer has replaced all means of communication significantly. E-mail is the most popular means of communication through computers. It has vanished the boundaries between the cities, countries and continents. Earlier Studies that used this medium, had shown evidence of higher quality of responses and also significant cost savings feature of this method (mainly for convenience of dispatch for research purposes. In this communication, an attempt has been made to utilize email responses of prospective learners in education discipline based programs offered through open learning system. The inception of this study is linked to the creation of website (http://www.ignou.ac.in/ and availability of information related to all activated and prospective programs of studies, various school of studies, faculty email addresses and faculty vis-à-vis program coordinator in the University. The present study analyzed 65 email responses received from July 2002 to till date by the researcher on her email ID. These respondents got the email ID from the University website and due to their eagerness to attain qualifications in the field of education/guidance/educational management, sent an e-mail to the program coordinator(s. These email responses were analyzed in order to visualize the learner profiles and viability of the ongoing as well as prospective programs of studies. This paper tries to analyze the e-mail responses of the people who either by surfing IGNOU’s website or from other sources came to know about the various programs of studies offered by the School of Education. The study validates that there is an amount of hidden information even in the curiosity of the learners.

  1. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Sexual Performance Products

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Fogel; Sam Shlivko

    2009-01-01

    Spam e - mail on sexual health topics arrive in e - mail inboxes. We study consumer responses to spam e - mail that advertise sexual performance products. Participants (n=200) with and without sexual performance problems were asked if they received, opened, and bought products from spam e - mail about sexual performance produ cts in the past year. Comparisons were performed between those with and without sexual performance problems. Psycho...

  2. Report on Climate Change E-mails Exonerates Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    2010-07-01

    A new report commissioned by the University of East Anglia (UEA) has largely exonerated climate scientists from the university's Climatic Research Unit (CRU) who wrote a number of controversial e-mail messages that were made public without authorization in November 2009. Critics have argued that the e-mails indicate that scientists had tampered with scientific data—including data related to land station temperatures and temperature reconstructions from tree ring analysis—subverted the peer review process, misused the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process, and withheld data from critics. At a 7 July news conference to release the “Independent climate change e-mails review,” report chair Muir Russell said, “Climate science is a matter of such global importance that the highest standards of honesty, rigor, and openness are needed in its conduct. On the specific allegations made against the behavior of CRU scientists, we find that their rigor and honesty as scientists are not in doubt.” He continued, “In addition, we do not find that their behavior has prejudiced the balance of advice given to policy makers. In particular, we did not find any evidence of behavior that might undermine the conclusions of the IPCC assessments.” Russell is chair of the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland and formerly was principal and vice-chancellor of the University of Glasgow, in Scotland.

  3. Free Trade in Airline Services: Assessing the Proposals to Liberalize the Canada – U.S. Air Transport Bilateral

    OpenAIRE

    Gillen, David W.; Hansen, Mark; Ramos, Robson

    1990-01-01

    In this paper we examine the consequences of changes to the bilateral agreement which regulates air transport between Canada and the United States. A hubbing competition model based on an n-player non-cooperative game is used to simulate six alternative bilateral scenarios including the current positions of Canada and the U.S.. We find that changes to the bilateral does not have a significant effect on the total amount of traffic but it does effect the distribution of traffic between countrie...

  4. Survey of indoor-air-quality diagnostic and mitigation firms. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reports on a survey conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to help assess the capacity of the private sector to provide services related to the diagnoses and mitigation of indoor air quality problems in residential buildings, public buildings, commercial buildings, and other non-industrial environments. Questionnaires were mailed to approximately 7000 firms who EPA thought were potentially offering such services. The body of the report provides a brief summary of the survey findings. In the appendices, the report provides a copy of the questionnaire, lists the firms alphabetically and by State and city, provides addresses and telephone numbers, summarizes their answers to the questionnaire, and provides brief guidance for those seeking the services of such firms. EPA did not attempt to verify the accuracy of the responses received

  5. 22 CFR 102.14 - Salvage of mail and other property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Salvage of mail and other property. 102.14... States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.14 Salvage of mail and other property. (a) Mail. Article 3... office of addressor and addressee and the classification indicator (C, A, or S). The Department and...

  6. 16 CFR 303.34 - Country of origin in mail order advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Country of origin in mail order advertising... CONGRESS RULES AND REGULATIONS UNDER THE TEXTILE FIBER PRODUCTS IDENTIFICATION ACT § 303.34 Country of origin in mail order advertising. When a textile fiber product is advertised in any mail order catalog...

  7. 16 CFR 300.25a - Country of origin in mail order advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Country of origin in mail order advertising... Country of origin in mail order advertising. When a wool product is advertised in any mail order catalog... with the same meaning may be used. The statement of origin required by this section shall not...

  8. The Application of E-Mail to College English Teaching in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Guofeng

    2010-01-01

    With the development of information technology in the past 10 years, e-mail has been widely used in the field of English teaching. This paper, based on an analysis of the ways of using e-mail in college English teaching in China, probes the feasibility and the benefits of application of e-mail to college English teaching.

  9. 19 CFR 145.13 - Internal revenue tax on mail entries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., or cigarette papers or tubes for a manufacturer without payment of tax as provided for in 27 CFR part... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Internal revenue tax on mail entries. 145.13... revenue tax on mail entries. (a) Method of collection. Any internal revenue tax assessed on a mail...

  10. 41 CFR 102-192.135 - Must we have a mail center manager at our facility?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... center manager at our facility? 102-192.135 Section 102-192.135 Public Contracts and Property Management... PROGRAMS 192-MAIL MANAGEMENT Mail Center Manager Requirements § 102-192.135 Must we have a mail center manager at our facility? Yes, every facility that has more than two full time people dedicated...

  11. 32 CFR 806b.29 - Sending personal information over electronic mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sending personal information over electronic... information over electronic mail. (a) Exercise caution before transmitting personal information over e-mail to ensure it is adequately safeguarded. Some information may be so sensitive and personal that e-mail...

  12. Unsolicited Commercial E-mails : A study of the consumer’s perceptions about unsolicited commercial e-mails and the implications it has for Internet user groups

    OpenAIRE

    Trasobares, Mario; Tretjakova, Anna

    2010-01-01

    The rapid development of Internet technologies has led to the emergence of new communication means. E-mail has become a new powerful tool used by millions with the main purpose of exchanging information. Considering its large scope, marketers have been using the e-mail as an important direct marketing force and it has become a popular choice for many companies. The e-mail has therefore constituted a new form of on-line marketing coined “E-mail marketing”. However, the increasing use of the e-...

  13. 10 CFR 1003.7 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 1003.7 Section 1003.7 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY... Service. (a) All documents required to be served under this part shall be served personally or by first class United States mail, except as otherwise provided. (b) Service upon a person's duly...

  14. 49 CFR 209.5 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service. 209.5 Section 209.5 Transportation Other... TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES General § 209.5 Service. (a) Each order, notice, or other... mail, except as otherwise provided herein. (b) Service upon a person's duly authorized...

  15. 10 CFR 501.6 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Service. 501.6 Section 501.6 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (CONTINUED) ALTERNATE FUELS ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES AND SANCTIONS General Provisions § 501.6 Service. (a..., personally or by mail, unless otherwise provided in these regulations. (b) DOE will consider service upon...

  16. 49 CFR 1139.7 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service. 1139.7 Section 1139.7 Transportation... Commodities § 1139.7 Service. The detailed information called for herein shall be in writing and shall be... mail to any person undertaking to bear the cost. Written request for this expedited service must...

  17. 78 FR 33864 - Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 33. This notice.... Introduction On May 24, 2013, the Postal Service filed notice that it has agreed to an amendment to...

  18. Aging and service wear of air-operated valves used in safety-related systems at nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Air-operated valves (AOVs) are used in a variety of safety-related applications at nuclear power plants. They are often used where rapid stroke times are required or precise control of the valve obturator is required. They can be designed to operate automatically upon loss of power, which is often desirable when selecting components for response to design basis conditions. The purpose of this report is to examine the reported failures of AOVs and determine whether there are identifiable trends in the failures related to predictable causes. This report examines the specific components that comprise a typical AOV, how those components fail, when they fail, and how such failures are discovered. It also examines whether current testing frequencies and methods are effective in predicting such failures

  19. A novel approach against E-mail attacks derived from user-awareness based techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Ojha, Gaurav; Tak, Gaurav Kumar

    2012-01-01

    A large part of modern day communications are carried out through the medium of E-mails, especially corporate communications. More and more people are using E-mail for personal uses too. Companies also send notifications to their customers in E-mail. In fact, in the Multinational business scenario E-mail is the most convenient and sought-after method of communication. Important features of E-mail such as its speed, reliability, efficient storage options and a large number of added facilities ...

  20. Monitoring for Radioactive Material in International Mail Transported by Public Postal Operators. Reference Manual (Chinese Edition)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The illegal transport of conventional explosives and biological material has been observed in public mail and could lead to serious health hazards. In response to Member States' requests to establish guidance for detecting the movement of radioactive material in international mail, the IAEA and the Universal Postal Union (UPU) undertook a joint effort to prepare this publication. It considers how radioactive materials in international mail might be detected, how best to monitor for these materials in mail facilities and how to respond appropriately. This publication brings together a concise but comprehensive description of the various techniques and equipment used to detect and control radioactive material during mail processing.

  1. Le service de santé de l’armée de l’Air pendant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale

    OpenAIRE

    Timbal, Jean

    2012-01-01

    Les premiers mois de la guerre entraînent la disparition quasi-complète de l’organisation et des infrastructures dédiées à l’expertise du personnel navigant, à la recherche et à l’enseignement de la médecine aéronautique. Le secrétariat d’État à l’Aviation, créé après l’Armistice prévoit un service de santé (SSAir) commun à l’armée de l’Air et à l’Aviation civile. Constitué exclusivement de militaires sa direction est confiée au médecin général Goett. En même temps qu’il règle la question du ...

  2. Direct mail improves knowledge of basic life support guidelines in general practice: a randomised study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Secher Niels

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Implementation of new guidelines into clinical practice is often incomplete. Direct mail is a simple way of providing information to physicians and may improve implementation of new guidelines on basic life support (BLS. The aim of this study was to describe knowledge of the most recent European Resuscitation Council (ERC Guidelines for BLS among general practitioners (GPs and investigate whether direct mail improves theoretical knowledge of these guidelines. Methods All general practice clinics (n=351 in Central Denmark Region were randomised to receive either direct mail (intervention or no direct mail (control. The direct mail consisted of the official ERC BLS/AED poster and a cover letter outlining changes in compression depth and frequency in the new guidelines. In general practice clinics randomised to intervention, every GP received a direct mail addressed personally to him/her. Two weeks later, a multiple-choice questionnaire on demographics and BLS guidelines were mailed to GPs in both groups. Results In total, 830 GPs were included in this study (direct mail, n=408; control, n=422. The response rate was 58%. The majority (91% of GPs receiving direct mail were familiar with BLS Guidelines 2010 compared to 72% in the control group (P Conclusion Direct mail improved knowledge of changes in BLS guidelines and thus facilitated the implementation of this knowledge into clinical practice. Resuscitation councils and medical societies may consider using direct mail as a simple strategy to facilitate implementation of changes in clinical guidelines.

  3. Markets for environmental hazardous waste, solid waste and air products and services in New York and Pennsylvania : a guide for Canadian firms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report describes environmental industry opportunities in upstate New York and Pennsylvania. Market information related to the environmental products and services industry in New York State and Pennsylvania was presented for the benefit of Canadian firms looking for trade opportunities. The report focuses on solid waste, hazardous waste and air pollution. An overview of the New York Clean Water/Clean Air Bond Act of 1996 was included. Regulations are no longer the only driving force behind the environmental industry. New standards and drivers for the industry include cost-effect solutions for environmental problems. The sector slowed somewhat in the 1990s, but the report indicates that both New York and Pennsylvania offer several expanding markets for innovative Canadian companies that can respond to specialized industry niches. Each segment of the report provides a classification of the major industry sub segments, describes demand determinants and growth prospects, and summarizes relevant laws and regulations. Customers and specific leads were also described where possible. Various channels of distribution and marketing support for Canadian firms looking for trade opportunities were also described. 9 tabs., 1 fig., 15 appendices

  4. Demonstration of an E-mailed Worksite Nutrition Intervention Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gladys Block

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dietary fat and low fruit and vegetable intake are linked to many chronic diseases, and U.S. population intake does not meet recommendations. Interventions are needed that incorporate effective behavior-change principles and that can be delivered inexpensively to large segments of the population. Methods Employees at a corporate worksite were invited to participate in a program, delivered entirely by e-mail, to reduce dietary fat and increase fruit and vegetable intake. Behavior-change principles underlying the intervention included tailoring to the participant’s dietary lifestyle, baseline assessment and feedback about dietary intake, family participation, and goal setting. Assessment, tailoring, and delivery was fully automated. The program was delivered weekly to participants’ e-mail inboxes for 12 weeks. Each e-mail included information on nutrition or on the relationship between diet and health, dietary tips tailored to the individual, and small goals to try for the next week. In this nonrandomized pilot study, we assessed technical feasibility, acceptability to employees, improvement in Stage of Change, increase in fruit and vegetable consumption, and decrease in fat intake. Results Approximately one third (n = 84 of employees who were offered the 12-week program signed up for it, and satisfaction was high. There was significant improvement in Stage of Change: 74% of those not already at the top had forward movement (P < .001. In addition, results suggest significant increase in fruit and vegetable consumption (0.73 times/day, P < .001 and significant decrease in intake of fat sources (-0.39 times/day, P < .001. Conclusion This inexpensive program is feasible and appears to be effective. A randomized controlled trial is needed.

  5. 77 FR 133 - Determination of Rates and Terms for Business Establishment Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-03

    ... hand delivery. Petitions to Participate and the $150 filing fee may not be delivered by overnight delivery service other than the U.S. Postal Service Express Mail. If by mail (including overnight delivery... Distribution Reform Act of 2004, the first proceeding was commenced in 2007, 72 FR 584 (January 5, 2007);...

  6. Communicative In-Betweens of E-mail Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2009-01-01

    In this paper I seek to deconstruct internet-based communication. I highlight Derrida’s focus on the margins and in-betweens of communication, and relate it to the genre of e-mail. I argue (i) that the silence between the dialogic turns becomes more marked, while (ii) the separation of present...... and previous statements becomes less marked. The visibility of the silence between the turns (i) can be a resource for increased awareness of how communicative exchanges are shaped by self-arrangements and -presentations. The dissolution of the separation between present and previous statements (ii) can...

  7. Learning Email Filtering Rules with Magi - A Mail Agent Interface

    OpenAIRE

    Payne, T.R.

    1994-01-01

    As the volume of data on the Internet increases the need for better tools to handle this flood of data is also growing. Interface agents are tools which are designed to aid the user in using various applications. This project describes the development of an agent which employs machine learning techniques to discover rules for filtering email. It explains how the agent observes the user in handling mail and how these observations are used to help automate this task. The agent is then evaluated...

  8. An AIS-Based E-mail Classification Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qing, Jinjian; Mao, Ruilong; Bie, Rongfang; Gao, Xiao-Zhi

    This paper proposes a new e-mail classification method based on the Artificial Immune System (AIS), which is endowed with good diversity and self-adaptive ability by using the immune learning, immune memory, and immune recognition. In our method, the features of spam and non-spam extracted from the training sets are combined together, and the number of false positives (non-spam messages that are incorrectly classified as spam) can be reduced. The experimental results demonstrate that this method is effective in reducing the false rate.

  9. Dokumentaalfilm "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad" = "Maile Grünberg's colourful worlds": a documentary / Karin Paulus, Priit Põldme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Maile Grünbergist ja 2014. aastal temast valminud dokumentaalfilmist "Maile Grünbergi värvilised maailmad". Režissöör Peeter Brambat, tegevprodutsent Priit Põldme, käsikiri Karin Paulus, Peeter Brambat, Priit Põldme. 2014. aasta Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuripreemia kandidaat

  10. A Detection Method of FAQ Matching Inquiry E-mails by Automatic Generation of Characteristic Word Groups from Past Inquiry E-mails

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakumichi, Yuki; Akiyoshi, Masanori; Samejima, Masaki; Oka, Hironori

    This paper discusses how to detect the inquiry e-mails corresponding to pre-defined FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions). Web-based interactions such as order and registration form on a Web page are usually provided with their FAQ pages for helping a user. However, most users submit their inquiry e-mails without checking such pages. This causes a help desk operator to process lots of e-mails even if some contents match FAQs. Automatic detecting of such e-mails is proposed based on SVM (Support Vector Machine) and specific Jaccard coefficient based on positive and negative already-received inquiry e-mails. Experimental results show its effectiveness, and we also discuss future work to improve our method.

  11. Caracterización de los Servicios de Atención en Violencia Familiar del área metropolitana de Buenos Aires, Argentina Analysis of Services Targeting Family Violence Against Women in Greater Metropolitan Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Cecilia Ynoub

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan, en este trabajo, un diagnóstico y evaluación de la disponibilidad de servicios existentes en la región metropolitana de Buenos Aires para la atención en Violencia Familiar Contra la Mujer. De ellos se describen las redes existentes y las articulaciones intersectoriales. Asimismo se evaluan su desarrollo institucional, los enfoques teóricos, las modalidades de intervención y la producción de información e investigaciones. Entre los resultados, se destaca la presencia de distintas perspectivas teóricas ­ particularmente entre quienes incluyen o no la temática de género ­, a las que corresponden distintas modalidades de intervención; y las conexiones ­ más informales que formales ­ entre distintos sectores y áreas oficiales y las organizaciones no gubernamentales. Finalmente se proponen las experiencias institucionales desarrolladas en esta tema como un modelo de nuevas modalidades en el diseño de políticas públicas y de salud.This study presents a diagnosis and evaluation of the availability of services related to family violence against women in Greater Metropolitan Buenos Aires, Argentina. The paper focuses on institutional development, theoretical foci, intervention modalities, and production of information and research. Existing networks and interprofessional relationships are also described. Results point to several noteworthy theoretical perspectives. Some programs include gender as an issue, while others do not. The relationship (more informal than formal between governmental and nongovernmental organizations is also a relevant issue. The paper concludes by proposing these institutional experiences as a model for the design of new public health policies.

  12. The Role of E-mail in Organizational Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lecturer Ph.D. Niculina Vârgolici

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims to briefly describe the advantages of the e-mail communication,the constraints of such communication means, as well as a set of rules which should be complied with inorder to ensure efficient organizational communication. The fact that communication is such a universal,normal, daily and natural can make us forget sometimes about its particular complexity. Every moment,people communicate with one another, meaning they exchange information, and for this they use variousmeans. Electronic message is an invention which makes our life easier, shatters distances and inhibitions,helps us rediscover and open ourselves to others, casts loneliness away, can bring us closer, but also can setus apart, because it has its rules and traps, of which we should be aware. We consider that nowadays knowingthe e-mail related conduit refers to more than simply avoiding long messages written in caps lock, assuch can really make a difference between profit and loss. Communication is indispensable, but we shouldcompare and view any information we receive and send with a critical sight.

  13. Combating the corporate paper war: Electronic mail abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Botha

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The primary objective of the research was to investigate the mailing practices and filing methods in a computer support or administrative environment involving the resulting abuse of paper. In applied research, an exploratory investigation focused on selected higher education institutions in Gauteng with a structured questionnaire as measuring instrument. In the analysis and interpretations of the findings, correlation and cross-tabulation on all sets of variables determined whether any meaningful associations could be found. The investigation indicated that the war against paper abuse is not over by any means. Perceptions regarding a paperless office and assumptions that technology could assist organisations to combat paper abuse were unfounded, mainly because of a lack of guidance, training interventions and control measures. Consequently, follow-up research is presently conducted whereby models will be designed and implemented concomitant with specified computer software features in order to counteract the abuse of paper and facilitate the effective use of information and communication technology interfaced work processes and procedures. This article focuses only on the electronic mail and filing components of the investigation.

  14. Multigeneration Cross-Contamination of Mail with Bacillus anthracis Spores.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Edmonds

    Full Text Available The release of biological agents, including those which could be used in biowarfare or bioterrorism in large urban areas, has been a concern for governments for nearly three decades. Previous incidents from Sverdlosk and the postal anthrax attack of 2001 have raised questions on the mechanism of spread of Bacillus anthracis spores as an aerosol or contaminant. Prior studies have demonstrated that Bacillus atrophaeus is easily transferred through simulated mail handing, but no reports have demonstrated this ability with Bacillus anthracis spores, which have morphological differences that may affect adhesion properties between spore and formite. In this study, equipment developed to simulate interactions across three generations of envelopes subjected to tumbling and mixing was used to evaluate the potential for cross-contamination of B. anthracis spores in simulated mail handling. In these experiments, we found that the potential for cross-contamination through letter tumbling from one generation to the next varied between generations while the presence of a fluidizer had no statistical impact on the transfer of material. Likewise, the presence or absence of a fluidizer had no statistically significant impact on cross-contamination levels or reaerosolization from letter opening.

  15. Multigeneration Cross-Contamination of Mail with Bacillus anthracis Spores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edmonds, Jason; Lindquist, H D Alan; Sabol, Jonathan; Martinez, Kenneth; Shadomy, Sean; Cymet, Tyler; Emanuel, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The release of biological agents, including those which could be used in biowarfare or bioterrorism in large urban areas, has been a concern for governments for nearly three decades. Previous incidents from Sverdlosk and the postal anthrax attack of 2001 have raised questions on the mechanism of spread of Bacillus anthracis spores as an aerosol or contaminant. Prior studies have demonstrated that Bacillus atrophaeus is easily transferred through simulated mail handing, but no reports have demonstrated this ability with Bacillus anthracis spores, which have morphological differences that may affect adhesion properties between spore and formite. In this study, equipment developed to simulate interactions across three generations of envelopes subjected to tumbling and mixing was used to evaluate the potential for cross-contamination of B. anthracis spores in simulated mail handling. In these experiments, we found that the potential for cross-contamination through letter tumbling from one generation to the next varied between generations while the presence of a fluidizer had no statistical impact on the transfer of material. Likewise, the presence or absence of a fluidizer had no statistically significant impact on cross-contamination levels or reaerosolization from letter opening. PMID:27123934

  16. Ombuds' corner: Code of Conduct and e-mails

    CERN Multimedia

    Vincent Vuillemin

    2011-01-01

    In this series, the Bulletin aims to explain the role of the Ombuds at CERN by presenting practical examples of misunderstandings that could have been resolved by the Ombuds if he had been contacted earlier. Please note that, in all the situations we present, the names are fictitious and used only to improve clarity.   Luke* holds a key position in the coordination of a large project. He is also a recognized expert in modeling complicated structures. Because of his expertise in the field, he receives a considerable number of e-mails every day which he has trouble responding to in addition to his responsibilities of management and development. Constantly interrupted, he tends to answer his emails quickly, sometimes even in an instinctive way, which leads to somewhat laconic messages. One day he receives an e-mail from Dave* challenging some of the decisions taken by the project’s management. Luke agrees with Dave’s remarks, which seem justified given his own expertise of the su...

  17. AN EFFECTIVE SPAM FILTERING FOR DYNAMIC MAIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Arun Mozhi Selvi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Spam is commonly defined as unsolicited email messages and the goal of spam categorization is to distinguish between spam and legitimate email messages. The economics of spam details that the spammer has to target several recipients with identical and similar email messages. As a result a dynamic knowledge sharing effective defense against a substantial fraction of spam has to be designed which can alternate the burdens of frequent training stand alone spam filter. A weighted email attribute based classification is proposed to mainly focus to encounter the issues in normal email system. These type of classification helps to formulate an effective utilization of our email system by combining the concepts of Bayesian Spam Filtering Algorithm, Iterative Dichotmiser 3(ID3 Algorithm and Bloom Filter. The details captured by the system are processed to track the original sender causing disturbances and prefer them to block further mails from them. We have tested the effectiveness of our scheme by collecting offline data from Yahoo mail & Gmail dumps. This proposal is implemented using .net and sample user-Id for knowledge base.

  18. E-mail netiquette for the medical practice employee: 50 do's and don'ts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, Laura

    2011-01-01

    E-mail has at one and the same time become a primary communication tool for many medical practice employees and a source of untold frustration, misunderstandings, and stress. This article provides a total of 50 rules (25 do's and 25 don'ts) for e-mail netiquette to help medical practice employees use e-mail more effectively. It offers suggestions about the optimal format of e-mails, tips for writing concise e-mail texts, and guidance about the most pressing e-mail privacy and confidentiality concerns. Medical practice employees can use the practical tips presented in this article to help them save time and use their medical practices' e-mail system more productively and effectively. This article also offers suggestions for creating and using a medical practice e-mail disclaimer statement. It describes the six legal threats a disclaimer statement can prevent and the typical content for such disclaimers. Finally, this article includes guidance about creating and implementing a medical practice e-mail policy and provides an outline of typical e-mail policy content. PMID:22111286

  19. THE DEVELOPMENT OF E-MAIL LITERACY: FROM WRITING TO PEERS TO WRITING TO AUTHORITY FIGURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Fen Emily Chen

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Though e-mail has become a common interpersonal communication medium, it does not mean that this medium is used without difficulty. While people can write e-mails to peers in any manner they like, writing e-mails to authority figures requires higher pragmatic competence and critical language awareness of how discourse shapes and reflects power asymmetry in an institutional context. For L2 learners, the challenge of composing this type of e-mail can be greater due not only to their limited linguistic ability but also their unfamiliarity with the target culture's norms and values. To provide a deeper understanding of how an L2 learner develops e-mail literacy in the target language environment, this paper presents a longitudinal case study of a Taiwanese graduate student’s e-mail practice in English during her studies at a U.S. university for two and a half years. Using a critical discourse analysis approach, the study reveals the complexity of an L2 learner’s evolving e-mail practice and struggle for appropriateness, particularly in her e-mail communication with professors. Her development of e-mail literacy is discussed in relation to her evolving understanding of the e-mail medium, changing performance of student identity, increasing knowledge of student-professor interaction and realization of culture-specific politeness.

  20. System Architectural Design for Delivering Video Mail over the World—Wide—Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SchubertFoo; SiuCheungHui

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the feasibility of providing multimedia mail,in particular video mail,on the existing World-Wide-Web platform.In this instance, the Web browser will act as the user agent of the mailing system.With this,users will be able to compose,send and read video mail directly on the Web, This paper examines a number of different system architectures which can be employed for the development of Video Mail.Based on the following key issues:portability of system,flexibility of system,Internet standard support,security and authentication,and message compression and storage,a final architecture was chosen to build Video Mail.The approach taken is that the system will be interfaced to the Web using a standard Hyper Text Transfer Protocol(HTTP) server and a standard Web brower.This is achieved through the use of Common Gateway Interface(CGI) programs and forms which reside in a standard HTTP server to provide the functionality of video mail,and a separaete mail server for the storage and management of messages.This will cause the HTTp server to behave as if it is an electronic mail system.The paper also addresses implementation issues pertaining to the use of CGI programs,mail server development,and video and auidio composition and playback.

  1. Medical Service Information

    CERN Document Server

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    The Medical Service is pleased to inform you that a psychologist specialising in psychotherapy (member of the Swiss Federation of Psychologists- FSP), Mrs Sigrid Malandain, will be starting work at the CERN on 1 November 2010, in the premises of the Medical Service, Building 57-1-024. Members of CERN personnel can request individual consultations, by appointment, in French or in English, on Tuesdays and Thursdays by calling 78435 (Medical Service secretariat) or sending an e-mail to psychologist-me@cern.ch.

  2. Interaction between target and mailing characteristics in direct marketing, with an application to health care fund raising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bult, J..R.; van der Scheer, H.R.; Wansbeek, T.J.

    1997-01-01

    The major decision variables for the development of a direct mail campaign are the characteristics of the mailing and the characteristics of the tar ets receiving the mailing. Traditional direct mail research treats both aspects separately although a they are likely to interact. We present a new tar

  3. Service-oriented integration of coordination logic in air combat simulation%面向服务的空战仿真协调逻辑集成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焉彬; 张曙光; 孙金标

    2009-01-01

    The importance of system agility in simulation has been widely realized and understood. How-ever , the current architecture of coordination logic in aerial warfare simulation is central "single layered" , while it has total control over coordination process, but solidifies the coordination logic in the simulation system too. A service-oriented integration for coordination logic in the air combat simulation ( ACS) was proposed. Based on the principle of separation of concerns, the solution provides mechanisms for factoring out coordina-tion logic in the ACS, and then distributes them to a series of flexible coordinator proxy which extends passive component model into self-coordinating service. A service is autonomous and is contractually defined in a de-scription. According to the specific simulation task, coordination logics are dynamic bind by interconnecting related services at run time, therefore promoting system agility in ACS.%系统的敏捷性是仿真建模的重要目标,它反映了系统适应需求变化的能力.然而当前普遍采用集中式的单层架构建模空战仿真系统中各组件模型之间大量的协调逻辑,这导致系统结构呈现刚性化特征,难于灵活适应不断变化的仿真需求.提出并实现了一种面向服务的空战仿真协调逻辑集成方案.系统中的协调逻辑被有机抽取并封装为一系列协调代理,将协调过程中被动的组件模型扩展为自协调的服务,服务是一种高度可重用的资源并且被机器可处理的描述契约文档完全定义;根据特定的仿真需求在运行时动态组合相关服务即可完成空战仿真系统中协调逻辑的绑定,从而提升了系统的敏捷性.

  4. 78 FR 32612 - Collect on Delivery (COD)-Service Features

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 111 Collect on Delivery (COD)--Service Features AGENCY: Postal Service\\TM\\. ACTION: Proposed rule... collect on delivery (COD) service to mail an article for which the mailer has not been paid and have...

  5. REMINDER FROM THE MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2000-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802 by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  6. Tracks FAQs: What is Modeled Air Data?

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2011-04-25

    In this podcast, CDC Tracking experts discuss modeled air data. Do you have a question for our Tracking experts? Please e-mail questions to trackingsupport@cdc.gov.  Created: 4/25/2011 by National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Environmental Health Tracking Branch.   Date Released: 4/25/2011.

  7. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Medical Service

    2001-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802 by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch  

  8. REMINDER FROM MEDICAL SERVICE

    CERN Multimedia

    Service Médical

    2000-01-01

    iFor medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, be they staff or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the Nurses on Telephone: 73802. by electronic mail: Infirmary.Service@cern.ch Marion.Diedrich@cern.ch Janet.Doody@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch

  9. E-mail Communication in the Management of Gastroenterology Patients: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Plener; Andrew Hayward; Fred Saibil

    2014-01-01

    E-mail correspondence between physicians and patients can be a useful tool to improve communication efficiency, provide economic and ecological benefits, improve therapeutic interventions and adherence, and enhance self-management. The model of self-management in chronic disease has become an integral component of North American and British medicine. From a practical standpoint, the use of e-mail between physicians and patients can complement the self-management model.E-mail communication has...

  10. Digitale Kommunikation: Der Einfluss intramedialer Kontextinformationen auf den Aufwand im E-Mail-Management

    OpenAIRE

    Heueis, Rainer

    2010-01-01

    An increasing appearance of E-Mails in corporations has led to augmented complaints whilst processing such E-Mails. This ‘E-Mail overload’ is experienced as a burden by those employees, since their individual timings, their psychic and their cognitive abilities and capacities are utilized. This burden, which is more or less an unsolicited additional work, is considered as the main reason for the research work done in this dissertation. The thesis addresses this issue wi...

  11. Development of a management protocol for the reduction of fuel consumption and decreasing of the emanations of CO2 as contaminant of environment in air service companies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A management protocol is developed for air services companies to improve the eco-efficiency of its processes. The application of operational procedures have allowed the reduction of fuel consumption and decreased the emanations of CO2 into the environment. The methodology of the research has consisted in quantitative and qualitative analysis of the variables and processes that have influenced significantly in the operation of airline fleet. An integral analysis is realized of the procedures of management and use of resources in the cockpits of the aircraft (Cockpit Resource Management) and navigation based in performance (NBP). The results of analysis are used to elaborate a protocol to minimize the fuel consumption and energy through the application of practices and operational procedures more efficient and safe. The environmental burdens associated with the services that are provided in the airline industry are minimized. The application of methods of improvement and procedures that are updated continuously have achieved the sustainability of the protocol. The operational procedures are applied to decrease the fuel consumption. Sensitization programs are developed for the utilization of more efficient operational practices and friendly with the environment. An incentive program is implemented to optimize the fuel consumption safely by pilots. A new procedure of flight scheduling is modified based on performance of the pilots and fleet degradation factors, assigning the pilots who have had higher consumption to airplanes with lower degradation, and the pilots who have had lower consumption, to airplanes with higher degradation. A self-liquidating incentive plan is developed based on the savings achieved in the operation in high-performance, could reinforce the change of attitude necessary for the group of pilots can support the implementation of the protocol

  12. Trusted Translation Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atif, Yacine; Serhani, Mohamed Adel; Campbell, Piers; Mathew, Sujith Samuel

    Administering multilingual Web sites and applications reliably, involves interconnected and multipart tasks, where trust in the involved parties and content translation sources is paramount. Published Web sites may reflect content from databases, content management systems and other repositories to manage related Web content. But a Web site mirrored wholly or selectively onto a target language version requires streamlined trusted processes. Traditionally, files are translated and transferred via FTP, e-mail, or other communication means. Similarly, translation instructions are communicated between involved parties through verbal instruction, e-mail, and instruction files lead to a variety of inconsistencies and lack of trust in the translation process. This paper proposes a Web service approach to streamline the translation processes and an integration of trust properties in the proposed translation Web services. Web Services have been instrumental in handling problems inherent to systems integration, allowing web-based systems to converse and communicate data automatically. The OASIS Translation Web Services Technical Committee has released a standard way for Web Services to serve the translation and localization business. This article proposes a framework to centralize translation services at a reputable source providing a workflow and a mechanism to quantify service trust. An implementation of the framework is also described in the context of a localization case study.

  13. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Sexual Performance Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Spam e - mail on sexual health topics arrive in e - mail inboxes. We study consumer responses to spam e - mail that advertise sexual performance products. Participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems were asked if they received, opened, and bought products from spam e - mail about sexual performance produ cts in the past year. Comparisons were performed between those with and without sexual performance problems. Psychological factors of self esteem and perceived stress were measured. Those with sexual performance problems had significantly greater percent ages than those without sexual performance problems for receiving (100.0% versus 73.5%, p=0.024, opening (66.7% versus 11.4%, p<0.001, and purchasing products (46.7% versus 5.4%, p<0.001 from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyse s adjusting for demographics, psychological factors, and attitudes, those with sexual performance problems were significantly associated with opening (OR: 8.33, 95% CI: 1.95, 35.71, and purchasing products (OR: 7.98, 95% CI: 1.74, 36.73 from spam e - mail. Spam e - mail about sexual performance products are opened and purchased from, especially among those with sexual performance problems. There is a need for e - mail marketing and advertising of sexual performance products that meet ethical standards for e - mail delivery to consumers

  14. Implementation of Personalized E-Mail Prioritization-A Content Based Social Network Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    K. Harini; UPPE.NANAJI

    2011-01-01

    Now a Day’s, Email is one of the most prevalent personal and business communication tool, but it exhibits some significant drawbacks. One of the drawback of this is the portion of e-mail is that spam, has increased dramatically in the past few years. A recent study showed that 52 percent of e-mail users say spam has made them less trusting of e-mail, and 25 percent say that the volume of spam has reduced their e-mail use. This crisis has prompted proposals for a broad spectrum of potential so...

  15. Information from the Dosimetry Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Please note the following opening hours of the Service: From 31st July onwards: Every morning from 8:30 to 12:00 The Service is closed in the afternoons. We should like to remind you that dosimeters cannot be sent to customers by internal mail. Short-term dosimeters (VCTs) must always be returned to the Service after use and must not be left on the racks in the experimental areas or in the secretariats. Dosimetry Service Tel 72155 Bldg. 24 E 011 Dosimetry.service@cern.ch http://cern.ch/rp-dosimetry

  16. Import/export Service of Radioactive Material

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the Import/Export service of radioactive material (24/E-024) is open from Monday to Friday, 8:00 to 11:00. No request will be treated the afternoon. Web site: http://cern.ch/service-rp-shipping/ Tel.: 73171 E-mail: service-rp-shipping@cern.ch Radioactive Sources Service Please note that the radioactive sources service (24/E-024) is open from Monday to Friday, 8:00 to 11:00. No request will be treated the afternoon. Moreover, the service being reduced transports between Swiss and French sites (and vice versa) will now be achieved by internal transport. Web site : http://cern.ch/service-radioactive-sources/ Tel.: 73171 E-mail: service-rp-shipping@cern.ch

  17. Import/export Service of Radioactive Material

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the Import/Export service of radioactive material (24/E-024) is open from Monday to Friday, 8:00 to 11:00. No request will be treated the afternoon. Web site: http://cern.ch/service-rp-shipping/ Tel.: 73171 E-mail: service-rp-shipping@cern.ch Radioactive Sources Service Please note that the radioactive sources service (24/E-024) is open from Monday to Friday, 8:00 to 11:00. No request will be treated the afternoon. Moreover, the service being reduced, transports between Swiss and French sites (and vice versa) will now be achieved by internal transport. Web site : http://cern.ch/service-rp-sources Tel.: 73171 E-mail: service-rp-sources@cern.ch

  18. Selection game model of air service provider based on corporate social responsibility%基于企业社会责任的航空服务商选择博弈模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂花; 李南

    2015-01-01

    The concept of corporate social responsibility was proposed,and the performance level and performance strength of corporate social responsibility for air service provider were redefined. The game case between the core enterprise of supply chain and air service provider was divided into four types,and the selection game model of air service provider based on corporate social responsibility was set up.The critical cooperation intentions of short-term cooperation and long-term cooperation for the core enterprise of supply chain and the critical performance probabilities of short-term cooperation and long-term cooperation for air service provider were calculated,and the relationship between the performance level of corporate social responsibility and the selection of air service provider was analyzed.Analysis result shows that when the performance level of corporate social responsibility for air service provider is 0.5,the core enterprise of supply chain requires that the performance probability of corporate social responsibility for general air service provider should be over 40%,and the performance probability of corporate social responsibility for strategic air service provider should be over 80%.When the cooperation intention of core enterprise for supply chain is over 41.67%,the general air service provider will actively perform the corporate social responsibility,but only when the cooperation intention is over 83.33%,the strategic air service provider will actively perform the corporate social responsibility.When the performance level of corporate social responsibility for air service provider is 0.1,0.2,0.3,0.4, 0.5,0.6,0.7,0.8,0.9 respectively,the core enterprise of supply chain requires that the performance probability of corporate social responsibility for strategic air service provider should be over 94.6%,90.0%,86.2%,82.6%,80.0%,77.5%,75.3%,73.3%,71.6% respectively. Compared with the traditional method,the proposed model not only defines the specific

  19. Marketing Online Services: Product, Market and Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trudell, Libby

    1991-01-01

    Describes characteristics of the online marketplace. Topics discussed include technology barriers; data ownership; markets for online services, including libraries and end users; marketing and promotion tactics, including exhibits and conferences, advertising, direct mail, and user groups; international marketing and service; strategic marketing…

  20. 25 CFR 577.6 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service. 577.6 Section 577.6 Indians NATIONAL INDIAN... COMMISSION § 577.6 Service. (a) A respondent who initiates an appeal under this part shall serve copies of.... All subsequent documents shall be served personally, by facsimile, or by first class mail. (c)...

  1. 30 CFR 44.6 - Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service. 44.6 Section 44.6 Mineral Resources... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR PETITIONS FOR MODIFICATION OF MANDATORY SAFETY STANDARDS General § 44.6 Service... modification may be served personally or by first class mail to the last known address of the party....

  2. Intranets: Considerations for the Information Services Manager.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackmore, Paul

    1997-01-01

    This article identifies benefits of using Internet technologies in an organization's intranet or internal information system: ease-of-use, one interface, implementation cost, access, information services (flat content and interactive intranets), support desks (via Web services and e-mail), document management. Discusses the impact of intranets on…

  3. Variability of Compet itive Factors in Air Transportation and Improving Customer Satisfaction with Service Innovation: A New "Mile + Time Score" Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman Can Yıldırır

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available As in all the world, airlines transportation in our country is increasing every day. Rapid transport, reasonable price and high quality service is the reaso n for this increase. Both local and foreign airline companies have accelerated their activities as result of this rapid growth in air transportation sector. Over the time, these enterprises reached a level to go head to head with each other about the quality, price, transport network and they have begun to use similar applications as element of competition. The aim of this study is; to determinate the factors that influence to the customer’s preferences about airline companies and to be a source for enter prises to increase customer satisfaction. For this reason, in addition to “bonus miles” application which is used of almost all airline companies, example of “miles+time score” application was made and evaluated the impact of eliminating in terms of custom er victimization. As a result of the survey applied to 444 people; it is also identified that the impact of the “miles + time” application at the preferences of customers as well as positive and negative factors affecting the enterprises of preferences.

  4. Do young adults participate in surveys that ‘go green’? Response rates to a web and mailed survey of weight-related health behaviors

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Nicole; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Harwood, Eileen M.; Eisenberg, Marla E.; Wall, Melanie M.; Hannan, Peter J.

    2011-01-01

    There is a paucity of research regarding the contextual factors that influence health behaviors to inform the development of programs and services for youth during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood. Researchers are thus in need of efficient strategies for surveying diverse populations of young adults. This study among a population-based sample of young adults aimed to 1) examine response to a mixed-mode survey design (web and mailed surveys) and 2) identify demographic correl...

  5. A Community-based Randomized Trial of Postcard Mailings to Increase Dental Utilization Among Low-income Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Asia Dela; Mueller, Gregory; Milgrom, Peter; Coldwell, Susan E.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Increasing awareness about the importance of preventive dental care among low-income families has been considered to be key to overcoming nonfinancial access to care barriers for children. The purpose of this randomized, controlled trial was to measure the impact of postcard mailings on dental utilization by low-income children through a dental society program designed to increase access to dental care. Methods Five thousand eight hundred and seven low-income 2- to 4-year-olds were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: (1) Group 1 (N=2,014) received postcards containing information on how to enroll in the Yakima County Access to Baby and Child Dentistry program; (2) Group 2 (N=2,014) received the enrollment information as well as additional information on the availability of fluoride varnish and the need to visit the dentist by the age of 1-year-old; and (3) Group 3 (N=1,779) did not receive postcards. Results Preventive services utilization rates were not different among the groups: 61% for Group 1, 62% for Group 2, and 60% for Group 3, although rates were high for a Medicaid population. Conclusions Postcard mailings did not significantly increase utilization of preventive dental services. Other strategies to increase utilization of preventive oral health measures are needed. PMID:23433618

  6. Mail system's self-registration based on campus E-card system%基于校园一卡通系统的邮件系统自主注册研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丽娟; 黄烟波; 刘海韬

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces Mail System's self-registration service based on Campus E-Card System. With the use of Web Service interface which is provided by the authentication application of Campus E-Card System, one can register his/her mail accounts independently through the browser, reducing the cost and load in mail service. This paper studies how to design and use the Web Service interface to implement the mail self-registration service.%本文研究的是基于校园一卡通系统的邮件系统自主注册服务.利用校园一卡通系统的身份验证功能提供的Web Service接口来实现用户注册邮箱帐号时的身份确认,减少了登记学校邮件服务的中间环节.本文对如何设计和运用Web Service实现邮件系统的自主注册服务进行了研究.

  7. Facility Registry Service (FRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Facility Registry Service (FRS) provides an integrated source of comprehensive (air, water, and waste) environmental information about facilities across EPA,...

  8. Reminder from the Medical Service

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    For medical problems, we would like to remind all personnel working on the CERN sites, staff members or from outside firms, that they are welcome at the Infirmary, building 57, ground floor. For information, call the nurses - on telephone: 73802 - by e-mail: Service.Médical@cern.ch Francoise.Lebrun-Klauser@cern.ch Mireille.Vosdey@cern.ch Katie.Warrillow-Thomson@cern.ch Medical Service

  9. Air Taxi at Your Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    Under an exclusive agreement with Eclipse Aviation Corporation, Williams International is manufacturing the EJ22 engine, a commercial version of the NASA/Williams FJX-2, for the Eclipse 500 aircraft. The new engine, which weighs approximately 85 pounds and delivers over 770 pounds of thrust, provides a higher thrust-to-weight ratio than any commercial turbofan ever produced. Being the smallest, quietest, and lightest commercial aircraft engine currently available, the EJ22 engine makes a whole new class of twinjet light aircraft feasible.

  10. Con Artists Attack Colleges with Fake Help-Desk E-Mail

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jeffrey R.

    2008-01-01

    An e-mail scam has hit tens of thousands of users at dozens of colleges over the past few weeks, leaving network administrators scrambling to respond before campus computer accounts are taken over by spammers. Students, professors, and staff members at the affected colleges received e-mail messages that purported to come from the colleges' help…

  11. Effects of a Mail and Telephone Intervention on Breast Health Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Deborah J.; Powers, Diane

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated a mail and telephone intervention to improve breast health behaviors while maintaining quality of life. Women recruited from the general public were randomized to a stepped-intensity intervention consisting of mailings, telephone calls, and counseling (if requested or appropriate given a woman's genetic risk for breast cancer)…

  12. 76 FR 68166 - Discontinuing the Mass Mailing of Paper Fee Schedules to Registered Attorneys, Agents, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ... United States Patent and Trademark Office Discontinuing the Mass Mailing of Paper Fee Schedules to... the mass mailing of revised paper fee schedules to registered attorneys, agents, and deposit account... fee schedule is always available and maintained on-line, the USPTO has discontinued the mass...

  13. 76 FR 23749 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-28

    ... advanced notice of proposed rulemaking Federal Register (75 FR 56922-56923), announcing its plans to... only to nonpresorted BPM machinable parcels (401.1.5.1) that bear a unique Intelligent Mail package... must be part of a nonpresorted mailing of 50 or more BPM parcels. * * * * * 4.0 Price Eligibility...

  14. Improving Mail Survey Response Rates through the Use of Monetary Incentive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erwin, Wesley J.; Wheelright, Lori A.

    2002-01-01

    Examines the effectiveness of the use of monetary incentives in mail survey data collection. Monetary incentives produces higher rates of return compared to mailings in which nonmonetary or no incentives are provided. The use of monetary incentives is more cost effective than other types of incentives and may be particularly valuable when…

  15. Zaumland. Serge Segay and Rea Nikonova in the International Mail Art Network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Charlotte

    2006-01-01

    In the Fluxus-inspired idealistic selv-understanding of the mail art network, transgression and a destructive relation to stable forms and structures are important elements. Nevertheless, the mail art community is constituted by certain mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion. Thus, on one level, e...

  16. Composing Effective and Efficient E-mails: A Primer for Pharmacy Practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Summerfield, Marc R; Feemster, Agnes Ann

    2015-09-01

    This primer describes the purpose and importance of e-mail as a key communication medium in the workplace. It emphasizes clarity as a primary modality to enhance efficiency and effectiveness. Finally, the primer reviews elements of grammar, punctuation, and style that contribute to each e-mail's ability to meet language standards, enhance the writer's image, and successfully transmit information. PMID:26715801

  17. "Hello, Mrs. Willman, It's Me!" Keep Kids Reading over the Summer by Using Voice Mail.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willman, Ann Teresa

    1999-01-01

    Describes a summer reading program for 26 remedial readers in which each student left voice-mail messages on the school district's voice-mail system, either reading to the teacher for three minutes or summarizing a book chapter. Describes the teacher's responses and parental feedback and involvement. Notes that all students maintained their…

  18. 76 FR 59504 - Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-27

    ... 111 Intelligent Mail Package Barcode (IMpb) Implementation for Commercial Parcels AGENCY: Postal... implementation of this final rule by requiring an Intelligent Mail package barcode (IMpb) for all commercial... the Federal Register (75 FR 56922- 56923), announcing plans to provide interim IMpb...

  19. A mail survey of health care professionals: an analysis of the response

    OpenAIRE

    Hay, David A

    1996-01-01

    Mail questionnaires provide a cost effective alternative for the survey of geographically dispersed populations. However, mail questionnaires are also characterized by low response rates, particularly for medical and other professionals. As a result of the potential systematic differences between respondents and nonrespondents, the external validity of the results are jeopardized.

  20. The style of academic e-mails and conventional letters: contrastive analysis of four conversational routines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clyde Ancarno

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the results of a corpus-based study which investigates the genre of academic email and more specifically its pragmatic dimension. Four conversational routines (thank yous, apologies, requests, offers are analysed and compared in two channels: academic e-mails and conventional print letters. In addition, data from both native and non-native speakers of English is considered, which sheds light on some of the differences found in the academic e-mail writing of learners of English. The findings indicate that academic e-mail is a relatively formal type of correspondence which is still largely influenced, as is to be expected, by the genre of the academic letter, and that as a genre, academic e-mail is in the process of formation or semi-formation. Finally, native speakers of English are found to be more informal than non-native speakers of English in academic e-mails.

  1. [Research on testing the robustness of DICOM-e-mail secure teleradiology systems].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, O Li-ji; Zhao, Jun; Zhuang, Tian-ge

    2006-07-01

    DICOM-e-mail is a secure teleradiology protocol released by German Radiology Society and has already been applied clinically. To improve the robustness of the system, the protocol has been upgraded by adding some mechanisms such as system feedback. Moreover, a test method is also implemented by sending erroneous mails to application software that supports DICOM-e-mail. Through the tests for two different DICOM-e-mail teleradiology application, the validity of the new protocol is proved and at the same time some bugs are found. The implementation of the latest protocol and the general error tests can help to make the whole teleradiology system a better robustness. The implementation of DICOM-e-mail protocol in our country is also discussed in this paper. PMID:17039939

  2. An Online Model on Evolving Phishing E-mail Detection and Classification Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loai Bani Melhiml

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Phishing e-mails pose a serious threat to electronic commerce as they are used broadly to defraud both individuals and financial organizations on the Internet. Criminals lure online users into revealing their passwords or account numbers by sending e-mails as if they come legitimately from financial organizations; these users in turn update and/or provide their account and billing information. In the current study, propose a novel concept that adapts the Evolving Clustering Method for Classification (ECMC to build new model called the Phishing Evolving Clustering Method (PECM. PECM functions are based on the level of similarity between two groups of features of phishing e-mails. PECM model proved highly effective in terms of classifying e-mails into phishing e-mails or ham e-mails in online mode, speed and use of a one-pass algorithm. PECM also proved its capability to classify e-mail by decreasing the level of false positive and false negative rates while increasing the level of accuracy to 99.7%. The model was built to work in online mode and can learn continuously without consuming too much memory because it works on a one-pass algorithm. Therefore, data are accessed one time from the memory and then the rule is created depending on the evolution of the profile if the characteristics of the phishing e-mail have been changed. PECM is a clustering-based learning model that adaptive Evolving Clustering Method to distinguish between phishing e-mails and ham e-mails in online mode.

  3. 18 CFR 154.208 - Service of tariff filings on customers and other parties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... section, service upon the designated recipient will be deemed service upon the customer or other party. (e... electronic service, each customer or party entitled to service of initial tariff filings under this section must notify the company of the e-mail address to which service should be directed. A customer or...

  4. 75 FR 75151 - International Service Changes-Israel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-02

    ... INFORMATION: On July 9, 2010, the Postal Service published a proposed rule Federal Register notice (75 FR... 20 International Service Changes--Israel AGENCY: Postal Service TM . ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The... Listings to incorporate a change in Israel's First-Class Mail International price group. DATES:...

  5. 31 CFR Appendix C to Subpart C of... - United States Customs Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... at Customs Service Headquarters, initial requests for amendment of records under 31 CFR 1.27 (a... disclosures under 31 CFR 1.26, should be mailed or personally delivered to the Director, Office of Regulations... accountings of disclosures under 31 CFR 1.26, should be mailed or personally delivered to the...

  6. Teleradiology with DICOM e-mail: recommendations of rate at GIT; Teleradiologie mit DICOM E-mail: Empfehlungen der rate at GIT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mildenberger, P.; Kaemmerer, M.; Klos, G.; Schuetze, B. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Radiologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Univ. Mainz (Germany); Engelmann, U. [Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Abt. Medizinische und Biologische Informatik, Heidelberg (Germany); Ruggiero, S.; Runa, A.; Weisser, G. [Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany); Schroeter, A. [CHILI GmbH, Heidelberg (Germany); Walz, M. [TUeV Industrie Service GmbH, TUeV-SUeD-Gruppe, Aerztliche Stelle fuer Qualitaetssicherung in der Radiologie, Eschborn (Germany)

    2005-05-01

    E-mail is ideal for ad-hoc connections in teleradiology. The DICOM standard offers the possibility to append DICOM data types as a MIME attachment to any e-mail, thus ensuring the transmission of the original DICOM data. Nevertheless, there are additional requirements (e.g. protection of data privacy) which must be obeyed. Because of the lack of given standards which would grant interoperability as well as manufacturer independence, teleradiology has not been established in Germany until today. Therefore, the IT-Team (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fuer Informationstechnologie, rate at GIT) of the Radiological Society of Germany (Deutsche Roentgengesellschaft, DRG) set up an initiative to standardise telemedicine by using e-mail. Its members agreed that an e-mail-based variant would be the most practicable way to a communication solution - as easy to implement as to use. In their opinion, e-mail represents the smallest common denominator for a safe data interchange that would fulfill the legal advantages for telemedicine in Germany. (orig.)

  7. Investigating e-mail overload in the South African banking industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Burger

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available The information workers of today have a wide range of information sources available to make valuable decisions, so much so that it can lead to information overload. The purpose of this research was to investigate the extent of information overload in the South African banking industry. The empirical part of this study was done at the Standard Bank of South Africa, where 115 questionnaires were distributed to three categories of employees. It was found that e-mail is one of the most used computer-mediated applications and is used more than the World-Wide Web, instant messaging or peer-to-peer file sharing. Of the respondents, 65% felt overwhelmed by the amount of e-mails they received as 25% received more than 60 e-mails per day. A third of the respondents dedicated three hours or more to e-mails per day. Respondents agreed that the implementation of policies is important to ensure compliance with legislation, protection of privacy rights and copyright, and the filtering of spam. In conclusion, the respondents indicated that formal training in e-mail management should make a significant difference in the usage of e-mail within the organization and reduce e-mail overload.

  8. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Pornography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Fogel

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Pornography adverti sements arrive through spam e - mail advertising products online. We study consumer responses to these advertisements. College student participants (n=200 with and without sexual performance problems (SPP were asked if they received, opened/read, and bou ght pornography from spam e - mail. Those with SPP had significantly greater percentages than those without SPP for receiving (93.3% versus 68.1%, p=0.042, opening/reading (66.7% versus 14.1%, p<0.001, and purchasing (46.7% versus 4.9%, p<0.001 pornograp hy from spam e - mail. In the multivariate logistic regression analyses adjusting for demographic (age, sex, race/ethnicity, Internet (Internet use, number spam e - mails received, and psychological (self - esteem, perceived stress, sexual performance attitud es variables, those with SPP were significantly associated with opening/reading (OR: 4.51, 95% CI: 1.05, 19.33 and purchasing (OR: 8.76, 95% CI: 1.78, 43.27 pornography from spam e - mail. Also, increased sexual performance attitudes were associated with opening/reading (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.21, 1.54 and purchasing (OR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.15, 1.62 pornography from spam e - mail. None of the other demographic, Internet, or psychological variables had any associations. Pornography spam e - mail is opened/read a nd purchased, especially among those with SPP. T argeting those with SPP with e - mail advertisements has ethical implications, in addition to the general ethical issue of sending spam e - mail

  9. An Interoperable Architecture for Air Pollution Early Warning System Based on Sensor Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samadzadegan, F.; Zahmatkesh, H.; Saber, M.; Ghazi khanlou, H. J.

    2013-09-01

    architecture to represent how integrate air quality sensor data stream into geospatial data infrastructure to present an interoperable air quality monitoring system for supporting disaster management systems by real time information. Developed system tested on Tehran air pollution sensors for calculating Air Quality Index (AQI) for CO pollutant and subsequently notifying registered users in emergency cases by sending warning E-mails. Air quality monitoring portal used to retrieving and visualize sensor observation through interoperable framework. This system provides capabilities to retrieve SOS observation using WPS in a cascaded service chaining pattern for monitoring trend of timely sensor observation.

  10. AN INTEROPERABLE ARCHITECTURE FOR AIR POLLUTION EARLY WARNING SYSTEM BASED ON SENSOR WEB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Samadzadegan

    2013-09-01

    proposed an architecture to represent how integrate air quality sensor data stream into geospatial data infrastructure to present an interoperable air quality monitoring system for supporting disaster management systems by real time information. Developed system tested on Tehran air pollution sensors for calculating Air Quality Index (AQI for CO pollutant and subsequently notifying registered users in emergency cases by sending warning E-mails. Air quality monitoring portal used to retrieving and visualize sensor observation through interoperable framework. This system provides capabilities to retrieve SOS observation using WPS in a cascaded service chaining pattern for monitoring trend of timely sensor observation.

  11. A Novel Feature Selection Based on One-Way ANOVA F-Test for E-Mail Spam Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Nadir Omer Fadl Elssied; Othman Ibrahim; Ahmed Hamza Osman

    2014-01-01

    Spam is commonly defined as unwanted e-mails and it became a global threat against e-mail users. Although, Support Vector Machine (SVM) has been commonly used in e-mail spam classification, yet the problem of high data dimensionality of the feature space due to the massive number of e-mail dataset and features still exist. To improve the limitation of SVM, reduce the computational complexity (efficiency) and enhancing the classification accuracy (effectiveness). In this study, feature selecti...

  12. INTERRUPTION TO COMPUTING SERVICES, SATURDAY 9 FEBRUARY

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    In order to allow the rerouting of electrical cables which power most of the B513 Computer Room, there will be a complete shutdown of central computing services on Saturday 9th February. This shutown affects all Central Computing services, including all NICE services (for Windows 95, Windows NT and Windows 2000), Mail and Web services, sitewide printing services, all Unix interactive and batch services, the ACB service, all AIS services and databases (such as EDH, BHT, CFU and HR), dedicated Engineering services, and general purpose database services. Services will be run down progressively from early on Saturday morning and reestablished as soon as possible, starting in the afternoon. However, it is unlikely that full computing services will be available before the Saturday evening. For operational reasons, some services may be shutdown on the evening of Friday 8th February and restarted on Monday 11th February. More detailed information about the stoppage and restart schedules will be given nearer...

  13. INTERRUPTION TO COMPUTING SERVICES, SATURDAY 9 FEBRUARY

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    In order to allow the rerouting of electrical cables which power most of the B513 Computer Room, there will be a complete shutdown of central computing services on Saturday 9th February. This shutown affects all Central Computing services, including all NICE services (for Windows 95, Windows NT and Windows 2000), Mail and Web services, sitewide printing services, all Unix interactive and batch services, the ACB service, all AIS services and databases (such as EDH, BHT, CFU and HR) dedicated Engineering services, and general purpose database services. Services will be run down progressively from early on Saturday morning and reestablished as soon as possible, starting in the afternoon. However, it is unlikely that full computing services will be available before the Saturday evening. For operational reasons, some services may be shutdown on the evening of Friday 8th February and restarted on Monday 11th February. More detailed information about the stoppage and restart schedules will be given nearer ...

  14. E-marketing, Unsolicited Commercial E-mail, and Legal Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Li Xingan

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the legal solutions to unsolicited commercial e-mail. The advantages of e-mail enable it to be one of the most important e-marketing instruments. Spammers are also motivated by potential profits in spamming. The low costs and high benefits of the spammers, and the high costs and low benefits of the spammed determine the illegal nature of the spamming. The spam poses challenges for e-mail recipients' property rights, fair trade, public morals, cybersecur...

  15. A new ChainMail approach for real-time soft tissue simulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jinao; Zhong, Yongmin; Smith, Julian; Gu, Chengfan

    2016-07-01

    This paper presents a new ChainMail method for real-time soft tissue simulation. This method enables the use of different material properties for chain elements to accommodate various materials. Based on the ChainMail bounding region, a new time-saving scheme is developed to improve computational efficiency for isotropic materials. The proposed method also conserves volume and strain energy. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed ChainMail method can not only accommodate isotropic, anisotropic and heterogeneous materials but also model incompressibility and relaxation behaviors of soft tissues. Further, the proposed method can achieve real-time computational performance. PMID:27282487

  16. Open-Rate Controlled Experiment in E-Mail Marketing Campaigns

    OpenAIRE

    Antun Biloš; Davorin Turkalj; Ivan Kelić

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to test the controlled experiment (A/B split) methodology in B2C oriented e-mail marketing campaigns. Design/Methodology/Approach – E-mail marketing techniques have been a substantial part of e-marketing methodology since the early Internet days of the mid-1990s. From the very beginning of Internet utilization for business purposes, e-mail was one of the most widely used communication techniques in B2B and B2C markets alike. Due to high volumes o...

  17. A survey to evaluate patients' perspective concerning e-mail in an oncology practice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Use of e-mail to improve physician-patient communication is becoming increasingly widespread, however, little research has been done to evaluate patients' interest and concerns regarding this technology. The goals of this study were to (1) evaluate the effectiveness of e-mail for communication between patients and their oncologist and (2) assess from the perspective of the patient the accessibility and usefulness of e-mail to facilitate medical treatment and advice as compared to conventional mail and telephone. E-mail as a clinical tool is a new trend in medicine that is growing quickly, however, there are few reports to date that evaluate the patients' perspective concerning e-mail usage. The use of e-mail in doctor-patient communication is potentially faster and more efficient than conventional mail and may reduce 'telephone tag'. E-mail initiated by the physician also allows for potential follow-up after treatment. Our study evaluated the types of transactions (personal medical questions, referrals, etc.) for which patients' preferred using e-mail in place of conventional communication methods. Materials and Methods: A self-administered survey (8 pages; 50 items) was mailed to 65 patients who were treated within the previous three years for prostate cancer in a radiation oncology practice. This survey explored the opinions and behaviors of patients with regard to online communication about general healthcare issues. The items included: patients' interest in e-mail, comfort in using e-mail, concerns about confidentiality, and access to e-mail. Patients' interest in using e-mail for specific situations were also evaluated, such as, making appointments, following up on treatment, or asking general health related questions. Patients' concerns about using email to communicate with healthcare organizations also were assessed. Results: The response rate to the survey was 63%, with a median age of 68 years (range 53-82), and the majority of respondents were

  18. Analysing the prospects for transactional Mail using a sender-recipient framework

    OpenAIRE

    De Donder, Philippe; Cremer, Helmuth; Rodriguez, Frank; Soteri, Soterios; Tobias, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    We build an analytical model à la Hotelling describing the process of e-substitution in the market for transactional mail. A generic firm sells a final good to customers, with each unit sold requiring one unit of communication between firm and customer, which can take the form of either letter mail or of an e-substitute. A fraction of customers has no access to the e-substitute technology, and the other customers differ in their exogenous preference for mail vs substitute. Also, the communica...

  19. 75 FR 32773 - Auction of 218-219 MHz Service and Phase II 220 MHz Service Licenses Scheduled for December 7...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... and impede the deployment of service to the public, and an additional default payment of more than... COMMISSION Auction of 218-219 MHz Service and Phase II 220 MHz Service Licenses Scheduled for December 7... overnight U.S. Postal Service mail. All filings must be addressed to the Commission's Secretary, Attn:...

  20. Service to Small Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazarus, M.

    1973-01-01

    The problems involved in the operation of low cost local service air carriers are analyzed. Four specific situations which created the operating difficulties of the local air carriers are defined. Proposals of federal and local subsidies for short haul air transportation are presented.

  1. 41 CFR 102-192.150 - What are your general responsibilities as a program level mail manager?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... responsibilities as a program level mail manager? 102-192.150 Section 102-192.150 Public Contracts and Property... general responsibilities as a program level mail manager? Your responsibilities at the program level... and effective procedures are used; (g) Providing mail training opportunities to your program...

  2. 41 CFR 102-192.175 - What types of support does GSA offer to Federal agency mail management programs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... in mail management and mail operations; (b) Identifying better business practices and sharing them... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What types of support...-192.175 What types of support does GSA offer to Federal agency mail management programs? GSA...

  3. Interventions on central computing services during the weekend of 21 and 22 August

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    As part of the planned upgrade of the computer centre infrastructure to meet the LHC computing needs, approximately 150 servers, hosting in particular the NICE home directories, Mail services and Web services, will need to be physically relocated to another part of the computing hall during the weekend of the 21 and 22 August. On Saturday 21 August, starting from 8:30a.m. interruptions of typically 60 minutes will take place on the following central computing services: NICE and the whole Windows infrastructure, Mail services, file services (including home directories and DFS workspaces), Web services, VPN access, Windows Terminal Services. During any interruption, incoming mail from outside CERN will be queued and delivered as soon as the service is operational again. All Services should be available again on Saturday 21 at 17:30 but a few additional interruptions will be possible after that time and on Sunday 22 August. IT Department

  4. Évaluer les services rendus par les dépendances vertes des infrastructures linéaires de transport : une démarche exploratoire

    OpenAIRE

    Labarraque, Dorothée

    2016-01-01

    Les dépendances vertes des infrastructures linéaires de transport, par les processus écologiques qui s’y exercent, peuvent rendre des services à la société humaine. Quels sont-ils ? Peut-on, et y a-t-il un intérêt à faire varier, en nombre et/ou en quantité, ces services ? L’article, sur la base d’un cas concret, propose une évaluation préliminaire des services produits par les habitats naturels des dépendances de l’infrastructure. Pour une infrastructure de transport routier et ferroviaire, ...

  5. Integrated Distributed Directory Service for KSC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghansah, Isaac

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes an integrated distributed directory services (DDS) architecture as a fundamental component of KSC distributed computing systems. Specifically, an architecture for an integrated directory service based on DNS and X.500/LDAP has been suggested. The architecture supports using DNS in its traditional role as a name service and X.500 for other services. Specific designs were made in the integration of X.500 DDS for Public Key Certificates, Kerberos Security Services, Network-wide Login, Electronic Mail, WWW URLS, Servers, and other diverse network objects. Issues involved in incorporating the emerging Microsoft Active Directory Service MADS in KSC's X.500 were discussed.

  6. VIRTUAL REFERENCE SERVICE: an analysis of University Libraries of Natal

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastião Lopes Galvão Neto

    2010-01-01

    This work analyzes the Virtual Reference Service in major university libraries in Natal, RN.Conceptualizes the university library and describes the traditional reference service. Focuseson the emergence of the Virtual Reference Service (SRV) that occurred with the advent ofnew information and communication technologies (ICTs) to provide changes in services andproducts offered by libraries. Presents the main aim of Virtual Reference Service. Byelectronic mail allows interactivity and virtual d...

  7. Radioactive pollution: Air pollution (excluding radon pollution). (Latest citations from the INSPEC: Information services for the Physics and Engineering Communities database). Published Search

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the contamination of air by radioisotopes emitted from nuclear power plants, radioactive waste burial sites, mines, and nuclear weapons testing. Measurements of radioactive particles in the air in a number of locations worldwide are included. Absorption of radioisotopes from the air to the food chain is examined. Models and computer programs estimating the release of radioactive particles to the atmosphere in the event of a nuclear power plant accident, and measurements of radioactive atmospheric pollution from the Chernobyl accident are emphasized. Monitoring instrumentation is briefly described. Radon pollution is covered in other bibliographies. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  8. External audit of photon beams by mailed film dosimetry: feasibility study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A feasibility study for mailed film dosimetry has been performed. The global reproducibility of the method is better than 2%. It is shown that the normalized sensitometric curve does not depend on photon beam quality in the range from Co-60 γ-rays to 18 MV x-rays, although the dose per optical density decreases when the energy increases. The fading of the latent image before film processing is only 3% per month and the normalized sensitometric curve is not modified after a period of 51 days between irradiation and processing. Sets of films were mailed to three different institutes for irradiation and returned for processing and evaluation after more than two months in order to verify that mailing of irradiated and unprocessed films does not produce unwanted artefacts. Finally the feasibility of external audits with mailed film dosimetry is illustrated by comparison of beam profiles measured with films and ionization chambers in a polystyrene phantom. (author)

  9. Elforbrug på e-mail & sms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove; Kanstrup, Anne Marie; Grønhøj, Alice;

    electricity suppliers should focus on feedback about metering and billing as a service, which in the first place supports households' wish to sustain themselves. In the second place, this feedback also brings energy consumption issues more to the foreground, improves general energy literacy, and plays a role...... in storytelling to friends and family. Thereby it also becomes part of the social norm landscape and contributes to the fostering of both family identity and the education of children. Such a reframing of feedback information from a saving focus to a service focus may lead to the development of new...

  10. Putting social context into text: The semiotics of e-mail interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Tian, X; Menchik, DA

    2008-01-01

    E-mail excludes the multiple nonlinguistic cues and gestures that facilitate face-to-face communication. How, then, should interaction in a text-based context be understood? The authors analyze the problems and solutions experienced by a research panel that communicated over e-mail and face-to-face for 18 months, evaluating both kinds of exchanges alongside survey and interview data. Semiotic and linguistic theory is used to expose essential properties associated with the successful communica...

  11. Conducting International Mail Surveys: The Effect of Incentives on Response Rates with an Industry Population

    OpenAIRE

    Scott Dawson; Dave Dickinson

    1988-01-01

    Mail surveys are one alternative for satisfying information needs about international markets. To date, minimal empirical research is available to inform academicians or practitioners of expected response rates, or of the efficacy of incentives when undertaking mail surveys across disparate cultures. The results from a study conducted in six countries suggests that an inexpensive and perhaps symbolic incentive, such as a commemorative stamp, can significantly increase response rates. For acad...

  12. Decision Support for Estimation of the Utility of Software and E-mail

    OpenAIRE

    Borg, Anton

    2012-01-01

    Background: Computer users often need to distinguish between good and bad instances of software and e-mail messages without the aid of experts. This decision process is further complicated as the perception of spam and spyware varies between individuals. As a consequence, users can benefit from using a decision support system to make informed decisions concerning whether an instance is good or bad. Objective: This thesis investigates approaches for estimating the utility of e-mail and softwar...

  13. Consumers with Sexual Performance Problems and Spam E - mail for Pornography

    OpenAIRE

    Joshua Fogel; Sam Shlivko

    2010-01-01

    Pornography adverti sements arrive through spam e - mail advertising products online. We study consumer responses to these advertisements. College student participants (n=200) with and without sexual performance problems (SPP) were asked if they received, opened/read, and bou ght pornography from spam e - mail. Those with SPP had significantly greater percentages than those without SPP for receiving (93.3% versus 68.1%, p=0.042), opening/reading (6...

  14. Test of the Behavioral Perspective Model in the Context of an E-Mail Marketing Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigurdsson, Valdimar; Menon, R. G. Vishnu; Sigurdarson, Johannes Pall; Kristjansson, Jon Skafti; Foxall, Gordon R.

    2013-01-01

    An e-mail marketing experiment based on the behavioral perspective model was conducted to investigate consumer choice. Conversion e-mails were sent to two groups from the same marketing database of registered consumers interested in children's books. The experiment was based on A-B-A-C-A and A-C-A-B-A withdrawal designs and consisted of…

  15. Design Methodology of the Structure of Postal Express Mail Networks of Aviation Channels in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    On the basis of the postal area center office system, the continuous space approximation is used to study the structure of postal express mail networks of aviation channels in China. Tradeoffs among sorting, handling, transportation, administrative and facilities costs are examined. The optimizing design methodology proposed in this paper can be used to analyze and design the postal express mail network. The objective is to minimize the total system cost.

  16. Effect of mailed reminders on the response rate in surveys among patients in general practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wensing, M; Mainz, Jan; Kramme, O; Jung, H P; Ribacke, M

    1999-01-01

    Randomized trials were performed in Denmark and The Netherlands to determine the effect of mailed reminders on the response rate in surveys among patients in general practice. In both countries, general practitioners handed out questionnaires to 200 adult patients who came to visit them. An......) but not in Denmark (87% versus 81%, respectively). Mailed reminders can improve the response rate in surveys related to a general practice, but they are not effective in all situations....

  17. Do you feel you know how to write an e-mail?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonova, Anna O.

    2003-10-01

    Computers have opened doors to the new era of telecommunication. Electronic mail is becoming very popular in different spheres of professional activity and everyday life of people all over the world as it provides people an excellent opportunity for real, natural communication. The use of e-mail and the Internet involves a whole range of skills including knowing how to use a personal computer, knowing how to navigate the immense resources of cyberspace, and becoming familiar with the special register of e-mail communication (which lies somewhere between the formality of traditional writing and the spontaneity of speech). Conferencing via e-mail, or communicating with partners through networked computers, offers many opportunities in the Scientific Community. E-mail allows us to collaborate easily with thousands of colleagues, sharing new ideas, resources, and materials. It can provide the information, contacts, and stimulation that can make our research work more effective and enjoyable. The English language is world-wide accepted as lingua-franca of the Internet and intercultural communication. This brings us to a necessity to introduce some ideas on e-mail writing.

  18. Legal and policy issues associated with monitoring employee E-mail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Segura, M.A.; Rither, A.C.

    1997-01-01

    This paper examines the legal issues involved with employer monitoring of employee e-mail. In addition to identifying pertinent legal issues, the paper provides guidelines that will help the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) establish a program for monitoring outgoing e-mail to insure compliance with company policies, particularly those regarding protection of trade secrets and proprietary information, and to comply with the Department of Energy`s (DOE) procedures for protecting Export Controlled Information (ECI). Electronic communication has allowed companies to enhance efficiency, responsiveness and effectiveness. E-mail allows employees to transmit all types of data to other individuals inside and outside of their companies. The ease with which information can be transmitted by e-mail has placed trade secrets, proprietary information, and other sensitive data at risk from inadvertent disclosure by employees. As employers attempt to protect their interests through measures such as monitoring e-mail, they may expose themselves to liability under federal and state laws for violating employee privacy. Business use of e-mail has proliferated so rapidly that the federal and state legal systems have not been able to adequately address the issues arising out of its use in the workplace.

  19. 77 FR 68069 - Outbound International Mailings of Lithium Batteries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... the final rule published on May 14, 2012, (77 FR 28259-28261), the Postal Service implemented new.... d. The total aggregate lithium content must not exceed 2 g per battery. e. The batteries installed... per battery. e. Each battery must bear the Wh marking on the battery to determine if it is within...

  20. 78 FR 7820 - Notice of Intelligent Mail Indicia Performance Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... Kay Ivey, Business Programs Specialist, Payment Technology, U.S. Postal Service, at 202-268-7613... Architecture for Open Information Based Indicia (IBI) Postage Evidencing Systems and the Performance Criteria and Security Architecture for Closed Information Based Indicia (IBI) Postage Evidencing...