WorldWideScience

Sample records for air force invests

  1. Reinvigorating the Air Force Nuclear Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-24

    MAJCOMs became stewards for nuclear investment, it became more challenging to advocate with one voice. Without strong investment advocacy, the Air Force...did not pay close attention to the schedule components. CDI-07 The 2 OG has fundamentally changed the calculus to conventional weaponry at all

  2. Knowledge Enclosures, Forced Specializations and Investment Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Belloc

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Like land before the industrial revolution, in the present global economy much knowledge is being enclosed in private hands. In this paper we argue that these enclosures have become a major factor in specialization among firms and among countries: both are forced to specialize in the fields that are not restricted by the enclosures of the others. We use data on 26 OECD countries over the 1978-2006 period. We estimate the effect of patents endowments of countries on their investment specialization across sectors and show that knowledge enclosures involve self-reinforcing innovation patterns. Moreover, we perform a structural change analysis and find that the TRIPs agreement has significantly strengthened the relationship between countries' patents specialization and investment specialization. We conclude by suggesting that stronger international patent protection may restrict global investment opportunities, and this may be one of the factors contributing to the present crisis.

  3. Royal Danish Air Force. Air Operations Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørby, Søren

    This brief examines the development of the first Danish Air Force Air Operations Doctrine, which was officially commissioned in October 1997 and remained in effect until 2010. The development of a Danish air power doctrine was heavily influenced by the work of Colonel John Warden (USAF), both...... through his book ”The Air Campaign” and his subsequent planning of the air campaign against Iraq in 1990-1991. Warden’s ideas came to Denmark and the Danish Air Force by way of Danish Air Force students attending the United States Air Force Air University in Alabama, USA. Back in Denmark, graduates from...... the Air University inspired a small number of passionate airmen, who then wrote the Danish Air Operations Doctrine. The process was supported by the Air Force Tactical Command, which found that the work dovetailed perfectly with the transformation process that the Danish Air Force was in the midst...

  4. Improving Energy Security for Air Force Installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schill, David

    Like civilian infrastructure, Air Force installations are dependent on electrical energy for daily operations. Energy shortages translate to decreased productivity, higher costs, and increased health risks. But for the United States military, energy shortages have the potential to become national security risks. Over ninety-five percent of the electrical energy used by the Air Force is supplied by the domestic grid, which is susceptible to shortages and disruptions. Many Air Force operations require a continuous source of energy, and while the Air Force has historically established redundant supplies of electrical energy, these back-ups are designed for short-term outages and may not provide sufficient supply for a longer, sustained power outage. Furthermore, it is the goal of the Department of Defense to produce or procure 25 percent of its facility energy from renewable sources by fiscal year 2025. In a government budget environment where decision makers are required to provide more capability with less money, it is becoming increasingly important for informed decisions regarding which energy supply options bear the most benefit for an installation. The analysis begins by exploring the field of energy supply options available to an Air Force installation. The supply options are assessed according to their ability to provide continuous and reliable energy, their applicability to unique requirements of Air Force installations, and their costs. Various methods of calculating energy usage by an installation are also addressed. The next step of this research develops a methodology and tool which assesses how an installation responds to various power outage scenarios. Lastly, various energy supply options are applied to the tool, and the results are reported in terms of cost and loss of installation capability. This approach will allow installation commanders and energy managers the ability to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of various energy investment options.

  5. US Air Force Balloon Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Worksheets containing pilot balloon data computed from releases at Air Force stations in the western United States. Elevation and azimuth angles are used to compute...

  6. US Air Force Base Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hourly observations taken by U.S. Air Force personnel at bases in the United States and around the world. Foreign observations concentrated in the Middle East and...

  7. Recent Investments by NASA's National Force Measurement Technology Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Commo, Sean A.; Ponder, Jonathan D.

    2016-01-01

    The National Force Measurement Technology Capability (NFMTC) is a nationwide partnership established in 2008 and sponsored by NASA's Aeronautics Evaluation and Test Capabilities (AETC) project to maintain and further develop force measurement capabilities. The NFMTC focuses on force measurement in wind tunnels and provides operational support in addition to conducting balance research. Based on force measurement capability challenges, strategic investments into research tasks are designed to meet the experimental requirements of current and future aerospace research programs and projects. This paper highlights recent and force measurement investments into several areas including recapitalizing the strain-gage balance inventory, developing balance best practices, improving calibration and facility capabilities, and researching potential technologies to advance balance capabilities.

  8. Combat Support Execution Planning and Control: An Assessment of Initial Implementations in Air Force Exercises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    operators, civil engineers, C2 planners, and mobility planners throughout the Department of Defense, espe - cially those in the Air Force and those who rely...ACS for the entire Air Force. Teach ACS critical thinking and problem-solving in an operational environment. Invest in the education of personnel who...common vocabulary for these personnel. In addition to the on-site assess- ment team, RAND Project AIR FORCE and Air Force participants gathered a group

  9. 78 FR 49484 - Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... Department of Air Force Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property SUMMARY: Notice identifies excess Federal real property under administrative jurisdiction of the United States Air Force it intends to exchange for real property not currently owned by the Federal government that will be...

  10. The ASAC Air Carrier Investment Model (Second Generation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wingrove, Earl R., III; Johnson, Jesse P.; Sickles, Robin C.; Good, David H.

    1997-01-01

    To meet its objective of assisting the U.S. aviation industry with the technological challenges of the future, NASA must identify research areas that have the greatest potential for improving the operation of the air transportation system. To accomplish this, NASA is building an Aviation System Analysis Capability (ASAC). The ASAC differs from previous NASA modeling efforts in that the economic behavior of buyers and sellers in the air transportation and aviation industries is central to its conception. To link the economics of flight with the technology of flight, ASAC requires a parametrically based mode with extensions that link airline operations and investments in aircraft with aircraft characteristics. This model also must provide a mechanism for incorporating air travel demand and profitability factors into the airlines' investment decisions. Finally, the model must be flexible and capable of being incorporated into a wide-ranging suite of economic and technical models that are envisioned for ASAC. We describe a second-generation Air Carrier Investment Model that meets these requirements. The enhanced model incorporates econometric results from the supply and demand curves faced by U.S.-scheduled passenger air carriers. It uses detailed information about their fleets in 1995 to make predictions about future aircraft purchases. It enables analysts with the ability to project revenue passenger-miles flown, airline industry employment, airline operating profit margins, numbers and types of aircraft in the fleet, and changes in aircraft manufacturing employment under various user-defined scenarios.

  11. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 16, Number 2, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Information Modeling “Red Bulls” at Gitmo Green Roofs Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for the collection of...reduce their energy cost, increase the life span of their roofs, and improve the quality of their environment. The Air Force and Green Roofs There...plants mature and become fully established. Pros & Cons of Green Roofs Vegetative roofs are not cheap; there is a large initial investment. Life

  12. Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station NPDES Permit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Under NPDES permit CO-0034762, the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Station is authorized to discharge from the interior storm drainage system and air exhaust stacks at the Cheyenne Mountain Complex, in El Paso County, Colorado, to tributaries Fountain Creek.

  13. Aviation System Analysis Capability Air Carrier Investment Model-Cargo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jesse; Santmire, Tara

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of the Aviation System Analysis Capability (ASAC) Air Cargo Investment Model-Cargo (ACIMC), is to examine the economic effects of technology investment on the air cargo market, particularly the market for new cargo aircraft. To do so, we have built an econometrically based model designed to operate like the ACIM. Two main drivers account for virtually all of the demand: the growth rate of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and changes in the fare yield (which is a proxy of the price charged or fare). These differences arise from a combination of the nature of air cargo demand and the peculiarities of the air cargo market. The net effect of these two factors are that sales of new cargo aircraft are much less sensitive to either increases in GDP or changes in the costs of labor, capital, fuel, materials, and energy associated with the production of new cargo aircraft than the sales of new passenger aircraft. This in conjunction with the relatively small size of the cargo aircraft market means technology improvements to the cargo aircraft will do relatively very little to spur increased sales of new cargo aircraft.

  14. US Air Force Data Processing Manuals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data Processing Reference manual for United States Air Force surface stations, circa 1960s. TDF-13 stands for Tape Deck Format number 13, the format in which the...

  15. Air Force Geophysics Laboratory Magnetometer Network

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This file is comprised of the variation one minute values of the geomagnetic components X, Y and Z. These data were calculated by the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory...

  16. Measuring Air Force Contracting Customer Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    firm’s market research budget (Olsen, Witell & Gustafsson, 2014). With all the research and popularity surrounding Customer Relationship Management ( CRM ... Customer Relationship Management CS Contracting Specialist DAU Defense Acquisition University DFARS Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement...AFSVA Air Force Services Activity AMC Air Mobility Command CE Civil Engineering CEM Customer Experience Management CO Contracting Officer COA

  17. Canadian Air Force Leadership and Command: Implications for the Human Dimension of Expeditionary Air Force Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    Thierry Gongora , “The meaning of Expeditionary Operations from an Air Force Perspective,” in Allan D. English, ed., Canadian Expeditionary Air Forces...2002 (revised November 2002), 6. DRDC Toronto CR 2006-297 129 the other hand, as Thierry Gongora has noted, define an expedition as...342 Thierry Gongora , “The Meaning of Expeditionary Operations from an Air Force Perspective,” paper

  18. Air Force Issues Book 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    woft te TraWNWg prgram 1outlind In the 1M9 Training Aircraft Mastpla? While we have continued to make adjustments to the Masterplan to reflect force...the Bomber-Fighter Training System. This is potentially the most expensive proposition in the Masterplan , and we are seeking ways to minimize the

  19. Force Structure: Preliminary Observations on Air Force A-10 Divestment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-25

    disclosure . Therefore, this report omits certain information about military plans or operations, vulnerabilities or capabilities of systems or...Special Operations Command; Headquarters Air Force (A3, A5, A8, A9, and Financial Management); Air Combat Command (A3, A4, A5, and A8); Army (G-3/5/7 and...copyrighted images or other material , permission from the copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately. Page 9

  20. Air Force Security Forces Professionalism: Useful Insights for Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-27

    Enforcement, and Security.66 The division’s intent to improve technical competence in each area by providing a sharper focus was controversial. Some...credential for Security Forces members and provided assurance to Air Force communities that competent professionals were protecting them. Secrest 26...Rand Corp, 2002. Bachman , Jerald G., David R. Segal, Peter Freedman-Doan, and Patrick M. O’Maley. Who Chooses Military Service? Correlates of

  1. 77 FR 55465 - US Air Force Exclusive Patent License

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-10

    ... Department of the Air Force US Air Force Exclusive Patent License AGENCY: Air Force Research Laboratory... an Exclusive Patent License. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of part 404 of Title 37, Code of... interest the United States Air Force has in: U.S. Patent No. 8,051,475, filed on March 27, 2007 and...

  2. The Evolution of Air Force Targeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    the idea of the “strategic” application of air power. German Zeppelin raids on London in 1917 are probably the first known uses of air forces beyond...bombardment led to an increasing emphasis on targeting. Then- Maj Donald Wilson, an instructor at the ACTS, believed that attack- ing a few critical targets...the organic industrial, economic, and civic systems that maintained the life of the enemy nation itself.13 This doctrine led to an even greater

  3. Project Air Force Annual Report 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    effective fighting unit, the Al Nida Armored Division, disinte- grated totally as a result of precision air strikes. “The Al Nida troops concluded they...Richard Fallon, Vice President and Chief Financial Officer Robert H. Brook, Vice President and Director, RAND Health Eugene C. Gritton, Vice President...Defense Research Institute) Eugene C. Gritton, Vice President and Director RAND Project AIR FORCE Andrew R. Hoehn, Vice President and Director

  4. Air Force JROTC: Introduction and Information Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Requirements • Leaders, Teachers, Mentors, & Guides who care about making a positive impact on our cadets • Instructor Training - Junior Instructor...Curriculum In Action (Field Trips) • Kitty Hawk Air Society • Orienteering • Model Rocketry & Radio Controlled Aircraft Clubs • Incentive flights in...Support unit’s AFJROTC Booster Club • Encourage parent support & involvement • Visit & partner with other AFJROTC units, ROTC units, Air Force

  5. Institutional Memory and the US Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    War forced the US military first to wage and then constantly prepare for total war. For the US Air Force, this preparation meant that for the first...War consis- tently reveals incredible nuance. Clausewitz’s logic is exemplified as his dialectical method acknowledges a vast gap between “absolute...but none of them is a fragile or failing state. An acquisition plan that includes lower technology and lower-cost solutions to capability gaps gives

  6. Analysis of Air Force Wartime Contracted Construction Project Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    Hoff, Captain, USAF AFIT-ENV-15-M-174 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air...Systems Engineering and Management Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force Institute of Technology Air University Air Education and...experienced delays from poor design, and 15.4% experienced delays from change orders. 18 Overall, all project genres had a mean actual completion time

  7. United States Air Force Annual Financial Statements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-01-01

    gains and losses NRV = Net Realizable Value O = Other Inventory, Gross Value Revaluation Allowance Inventory, Net 2002 2001 United States Air Force...losses NRV = Net Realizable Value O = Other For the most part, DMAG is using the consumption method of accounting for OM&S, since OM&S is defined in the

  8. Air Force Implementation is Off the Ground

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    actions taken by the Air Force that have a permanent, positive effect resulting from a particular action area of BBP 2.0. The KC-46 Tanker, F-22 Raptor ...in Europe was able to save $57 million on a back-to-basics approach on its six largest acquisitions by en- couraging early industry involvement to

  9. Rand Project AIR FORCE Annual Report 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Andrés Bello No. 10 Piso 6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F. Tel +52.55.3601.0700 FAx +52.55.3601.0601 www.rand.org www.rand.org/paf/ PROJECT AIR...Bello No. 10 Piso 6 Col. Polanco C.P. 11560 México, D.F. Tel +52.55.3601.0700 FAx +52.55.3601.0601 www.rand.org www.rand.org/paf/ PROJECT AIR FORCE

  10. Air Force Roles and Missions: A History

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Magna Carta ” of an independent air force, providing a formal statement of the equality of air power and land power. It linked the interdependence of...Indianapolis, Ind., Sep. 11, 1925; Ltr, Gen. Mason Patrick to Lt. Col. C. B. Amorous , Feb. 12, 1926. National Archives, RG 18. 57. Maj. Gen. Benjamin D...K112.1- 3. 63. Armstrong and Van Fleet, Naval Avia- tion, pp 62. 64. Ltr, Maj. Gen. Mason Patrick to Lt. Col. C. B. Amorous , New York, NY, Feb. 24, 1926

  11. Air Force and Diversity: The Awkward Embrace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    Air Force Academy in 1992 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Western European history, Middlebury College in 1994 with a Masters of Arts in French...survey focused on reasons why women leave active duty.84 However, this effort could be expanded to include crowdsourcing techniques. That is, instead...accession programs. There have been solid efforts started at the Jeanne M. Holm Center for Officer Accessions and Citizen Development, which oversees

  12. Annual Report 2009 (Project Air Force)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    occurs at fas- tener holes and is marked by bubbling up or flaking of material, similar to the way lumber that has been attacked by termites flakes...were flown at higher OPTEMPOs over longer service lives. However, the option is currently not attractive for several reasons. 48 RAND Project AIR FORCE...operating at high-altitude runways and/or in hot temperatures , winglets may improve the aircraft’s climb performance and shorten the runway length

  13. Fuel Reduction for the Mobility Air Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    20 Michael Kennedy, Laura H. Baldwin , Michael Boito, Katherine M. Calef, James Chow, Joan Cornuet, Mel Eisman, Chris Fitzmartin, J.R. Gebman, Elham...Michael, Laura H. Baldwin , Michael Boito, Katherine M. Calef, James Chow, Joan Cornuet, Mel Eisman, Chris Fitzmartin, J. R. Gebman, Elham Ghashghai...C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report Fuel Reduction for the Mobility Air Forces Christopher A. Mouton, James D. Powers, Daniel M. Romano

  14. Air Force Research Laboratory Integrated Omics Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-01

    the goals of Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) is the development of new methods to assess warfighter performance by using advanced...other researchers . Statistically significant group classification based on NMR spectral analysis has been previously shown by Clayton et al53 in a... psychological research in the DoD. We are getting closer, but further research is needed to realize the full potential of Ornics applications in

  15. Air Force Engineering Research Initiation Grant Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-21

    Wisconsin "Investigation of the Role of Structure in the Dynamic Response of Electrorheological Suspensions" RI-B-92-08 Prof. Yozo Mikata Old Dominion...on a direct output feedback control law. In this study, piezoelectric ceramic elements were used as both actuator and sensor. The rod vibration was... ELECTRORHEOLOGICAL SUSPENSIONS FINAL REPORT Air Force Engineering Research Initiation Grant RI-B-92-07 D. J. Klingenberg Department of Chemical

  16. Air Bag Momentum Force Including Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Nusholtz

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available A gas-jet momentum force drives the air bag into position during a crash. The magnitude of this force can change as a result of aspiration. To determine the potential magnitude of the effect on the momentum force and mass flow rate in an aspirated system, a series of experiments and simulations of those experiments was conducted. The simulation consists of a two-dimensional unsteady isentropic CFD model with special “infinite boundaries”. One of the difficulties in simulating the gas-jet behavior is determining the mass flow rate. To improve the reliability of the mass flow rate input to the simulation, a sampling procedure involving multiple tests was used, and an average of the tests was adopted.

  17. Investments

    CERN Document Server

    Bodie, Zvi

    2013-01-01

    The integrated solutions for Bodie, Kane, and Marcus' Investments set the standard for graduate/MBA investments textbooks. The unifying theme is that security markets are nearly efficient, meaning that most securities are priced appropriately given their risk and return attributes. The content places greater emphasis on asset allocation and offers a much broader and deeper treatment of futures, options, and other derivative security markets than most investment texts. McGraw-Hill's adaptive learning component, LearnSmart, provides assignable modules that help students master chapter core concepts and come to class more prepared. Bodie Investments' blend of practical and theoretical coverage combines with a complete digital solution to help your students achieve higher outcomes in the course

  18. 50 Years Air Force Issues Book 1997

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    in 1996 51 Satelltea on Orbit JointU Guard U* , r I Nworthern Counter Drug Ops ’c U ~Southern Watc * FY96/97 Humanitarian Aid Bosnia-Herzegovina...MLV-D MLV-A HLV -L HLV -G McDonnell Douglas EELV proposal Lockheed Martin EELV proposal launch costs by 25 to 50 percent as a result. In Together, these... HLV -L HLV -G vehicles. - ! Program Description and Key Points The Air Force, as the DoD’s executive agent for space launch, is charged with executing

  19. History of Turkish Air Force Aviation School and the Process of Transition to Air Force Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman YALÇIN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Turkish aviation has started as a military entity. The foundation of ‘’Tayyare Komisyonu’’ (Airplane Comission in June 1, 1911 has been accepted as the official starting point. The organization of aviation includes pilot training, airplane supply, fondation of aviation school, establishment of combatant units, and building the air vehicles with local and national endeavour. Later, air defense systems, meteorology, training observers, machine specialist and technicians has gained importance as well. Turkish aviation has been built upon the ruins of the last wars of Ottoman Empire. After the invasion of the British and the French, Ottoman aviators moved to Maltepe and then to various parts of Anatolia eventually. During the Independence War, aviation school was founded in Eskişehir, moved to Adana, Konya, and came back to Adana again. After the Greek forces were expelled from Anatolia via İzmir, aviation school was moved to İzmir. In 1925, it was brought back to Eskişehir on October 1, 1951. After WWII, the duration of training in order to be a pilot was six years. In 1929, aviation school turned out to be an academic institution as well. On October 1, 1951, Air Force Academy was established in Eskişehir. Due to high sound of jet air planes, the academy was moved to İzmir in 1954. Education and training were restructured there and the quality was raised. In 1967, Air Force Academy was moved back to Yeşilköy where Turkish aviation was born some 47 years ago. Due to academic diversity and rich culture heritage, a productive period has started in Istanbul. Air Force Academy has been an institution offering BA level education since 2001 whose process goes back to 1990s. Around 90 civilian and 50 military academicians conduct education and research per year. Military training including Yalova encampment site, affective domain training, and sports activities are also conducted as well. With a 103 years history and around 16.000 graduates

  20. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 9, Number 1, Spring 2001

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    I had to convince people of.� Young, a heavy equipment operator who has worked snow removal at Grand Forks Air Force Base, N.D.; Osan Air Base, Korea...storage tanks at Spangdahlem AB, Germany. Geer is a 2000 Lance P. Sijan Air Force Leadership Award recipient. (Photo by SrA Esperanza Berrios) 31 CE

  1. Air Force Organizational Transformation: Merging the Active and Reserve Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    34Future Total Force." 18 34 Ibid. 35 Ibid. 36 John A. Tirpak, "The Blended Wing Goes to War," Air Force Magazine, October 2003. [ Jounal on-line...Space Power 3 (Fall 2004): 41-53. Tirpak, John A. "The Blended Wing Goes to War," Air Force Magazine, October 2003. Jounal on-line. Available from

  2. Future Capabilities and Technologies for the Air Force in 2030. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-07-01

    as a foil to evaluate future systems and technologies, to deter- mine the optimum path forward for Air Force investment. These senior officers each...attacks are being designed to degrade adversary command and control and early- warning capabilities. Finally, submarines, destroyers, aircraft, mines ...Paralysis in Military Operations Jan S. Breemer, December 2000 20 Using Lasers in Space: Laser Orbital Debris Removal and Asteroid Deflection Jonathon

  3. Promoting Sound Ethical Decisions in the Air Force: CGO Solutions to Air Force Moral and Ethical Lapses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Beliefs and the Impact of Moral Distress on Conscientious Objection,” Nursing Ethics 19, no. 6 (2012): 739 25Air Force Instruction (AFI) 1-1, Air Force... Ethical Beliefs and the Impact of Moral Distress on Conscientious Objection." Nursing Ethics 19, no. 6 (2012). Department of Defense, Office of...Recent ethical and moral lapses, defined as decisions or actions not in line with the Air Force Core Values, are not isolated occurrences. Rather

  4. Location Problem of Air Materials Supply Center for Air Force

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王涛; 何亚群; 陶学禹

    2002-01-01

    Based on the analysis of three influencing factors on the air material supply center location, the location model of air material supply center was established. By solving the model, the rational supply center of air materials was also determined.

  5. Shaping the Air Force Narrative for the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    themselves via the internet in the form of social networking sites and blogs, present both a challenge to the Air Force as well as an opportunity to more...opportunity for Airmen to take advantage of new media to communicate the Air Force Story to the American people via social networking sites such as

  6. Strategic Airpower Elements in Interwar German Air Force Doctrine

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    Werner von Blomberg . The Air Ministry had civilian functions and at the time performed as the front for the still-secret air force. When the Luftwaffe...Force in the European War 1939- 1945. Hertfordshire, UK: Wordsworth Editions Limited, 1997. Townsend, Peter . Duel of Eagles. New York: Pocket Books, 1972...18-36. Gray, Peter W. “The Battle of Britain.” Royal Air Force Air Power Review 3, no. 3 (2000): 16-32. Homze, Edward L. “The Luftwaffe’s Failure

  7. The Struggle for Air Force Independence, 1943-1947

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    advocated a separate Department of Air, coequal with the Army and Navy. For- restal stressed that he was opposed to a separate Air Force, but that steps...certain important respects, however, For- restal was a logical selection. He had headed the Navy Department, and as Secre- tary of Defense he might be...func- tions from the Army to the Air Force. The first transfer order was signed by For- restal on September 26, 1947. It stipulated that functions of

  8. AFCYBER: Postured to Support Air Force and USCYBERCOM Cyber Needs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    stated in September 2012 at the Air Force Association Convention that he “still twitches ” when he says “cyber.”32 He believes cyber is a black hole with...Army Cyber Command capitalizes on existing Army Cyber Command resources and achieves efficiencies by bringing cyber resources under a single ...to support both USCYBERCOM and Air Force requirements. General Alexander considers having trained and ready forces as the single most important

  9. 77 FR 5781 - Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base... Decision (ROD). SUMMARY: On December 9, 2011, the United States Air Force signed the ROD for the Airspace Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). The...

  10. Air Force Research Laboratory Technology Milestones 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Veterinary Sciences Warfighter/Weapons Systems Integration AF echnologies Information Directorate Mission Statement: The Information Directorate leads...Advanced Industrial Practices Advanced Inspection Technologies Advanced Metallics Air Mobile Systems Research Airbase Infrastructure Technologies...Air Mobility Command, and the C- 130 System Program Office-will help to raise awareness regarding these technologies. Tip tanks are fuel tanks

  11. 77 FR 33202 - Department of the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-05

    ..., Massachusetts 01887, a partially exclusive license, the exclusive portion limited to the field of cyber security... amended; the Department of the Air Force announces its intention to grant SCADA Security Innovation,...

  12. Air Force Deployment Reintegration Research: Implications for Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Air Force Deployment Reintegration Research: Implications for Leadership Wendy Sullivan-Kwantes Angela R. Febbraro Ann-Renee Blais...TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force Deployment Reintegration Research: Implications for Leadership 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT...Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 DRDC Toronto TR 2004-149 i Abstract Expanding on previous research on the reintegration

  13. Air Force Pilot Retention: A Look at 1996

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-07

    PILOT RETENTION A LOOK AT 1996 BY COLONEL DANIEL F . CRUM DISTRIBUTIlON STATEMENT A: Approved f or public releasel distribution to un1ated. 7 APRIL 1990...by the appropriate mli.tar- service or government agency. AIR FORCE PILOT RETENTION A LOOK AT 1996 AN INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROJECT by Colonel Daniel F . Crum...35 I ABSTRACT AUTHOR: Daniel F . Crum TITLE: Air Force Pilot Retention: A Look at 1996 FORMAT: Individual Study

  14. The Burden of Disability among Active Duty Air Force Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    regarding active duty pilots and navigators who experienced a cardiac event, which included myocardial infarctions, angina , and sudden death. The study...a Cohort of Active-Duty U.S. Air Force Members Authors: Anthony S. Robbins, MD, PhD, Susan Y. Chao, MS, Vincent P. Fonseca, MD, MPH, Michael R...Physical Fitness in a Cohort of Active-Duty U.S. Air Force Members Anthony S. Robbins, Susan Y. Chao, Vincent P. Fonseca, Michael R

  15. Developing Air Force Strategic Leadership - A Career Long Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    describes Air Force resistance to co-fund RPAs with Central Intelligence Agency in 1992. He also notes continued service resistance to building...experience, the Air Force as an organization is more prone to parochialism, myopia and monistic thinking. 27 Besides providing a historical record of... myopia and monistic thinking.” 120 Worden also claims the uniformity of perspective hindered strategic leaders from understanding or recognizing the

  16. The Air Force Role in Low-Intensity Conflict

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-10-01

    American scrap steel in 1940 . The United States may have to apply force to guarantee access to the materials American industry needs and to ensure...Unwin Brothers Ltd ., 1940 ), 173. 4. Flight Lieutenant F. A . Skoulding, "With Z Unit in Somaliland," The Royal Air Force Quarterly (July 1931): 390 . 5...Since 1918," lecture given at the RAF Staff College, Andover, England, 1923 . 10 . N. N. Golovine , Air Strategy (London: Gae and Polden, Ltd ., 1936), 24

  17. Operations Research in a New Spanish Air Force Planning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    8. Gomez-Coll, Gen. Carlos. " Politica Area a corto y medio plazo," Revista de Aeronautica y Astronautica 569, pages 553-558 (May 1988). 9. Howard...Department of the Air Force. Basic Aerospace Doctrine of the United States Air Force. AFM 1-1. Washington: HQ USAF, March 1984. 5. Editorial. " Politica de...Defensa y Planeamiento Militar," Revista de Aeronautica y Astronautica 565 (January 1988). 6. Ferguson, Lt. Gen. Thomas R. "Requirements Planning

  18. United States Air Force Geophysics Scholar Program, 1982-1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-01

    gold surface with < 0.1 eV of kinectic energy . The beam direction will be maintained at low energies by using a set of Helmholtz coils surrounding the...NATIONAL BUREAU Of STANDARDS 1963 A t II 1982-1983 LSAF/SCEEE AIR FORCE GEOPHYSICS SCHOLAR PROGRAM conducted by Southeastern Center for Electrical ...Bolling Air Force Base Washington D.C. by Southeastern Center for Electrical Engineering Education March 1984 IL ’a’ [ .1 Ai UNCLASSIFIED SECURITY

  19. Culture Wars: Air Force Culture and Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    their place, the complexities of com- bat require an actual—or virtual—human presence over the battlefield. Autonomously Decisive The technological...war-fighting domains, unique subcultures have developed within insulated commands. Then–Chief of Staff of the Air Force Merrill Mc- Peak lamented... Wood , “Workloads and Pay Woes Driving Veteran Pilots Out of Air Force,” The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ), 29 May 1997, 12; Paul K. White, Crises after the

  20. Deployed Flight Test of the Iraqi Air Force Comp Air 7SLX (CA-7)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-28

    airframe, performance, flying qualities, and avionics . The program was highly visible, drawing the interest of the commander of AFMC, 3 General Bruce...Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala . (hereafter AFHRA). 2 Brfg (U), “Coordination/Approval Briefing for the Limited

  1. The Maharaja’s New AVTAAR: Air-Refuelling Strategy for the Indian Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    and Lolita C Baldor, "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force Tanker Order," Aviation on NBC News.com. Feruary 24, 2011. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/41766812...rakshak.com/NAVY/Ships/Active/156-Nicobar-Class.html (accessed March 23, 2013). Cassata, Donna, and Lolita C Baldor. "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force

  2. Air Force Cyber Warfare: Now and the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    keystrokes or to fend off adversaries with a smartphone, a pa- per clip, and an ingenious plan. These socially awkward heroes and heroines fill the...network pro- visioning ( dynamic construction), hardening, and configuration management. Twenty-Fourth Air Force manages the AFNet—the Air Force’s por

  3. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Vago Muradian, “USAF Struggles with Budget Shortfall,” Defense News, August 20, 2007, p. 4. 50 Headquarters, U.S. Air Force, Air and Space Operations...Antonio III, USMC, NATO Command and Control: Bridging the Gap, Newport, R.I.: Naval War College, February 5, 2001. Muradian, Vago , “USAF Struggles with

  4. The Slippery Slope of Air Force Downsizing: A Strategy Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    Meinhart , Richard M. "Chapter 7 - National Military Strategies: 1990-2009." U.S. Army War College, n.d. National Security Strategy Archives. n.d...service can be seen in comparison. 3 Force structure follows military expenditures as associated with GDP. 11 Army and Marine Corps Force... Army or Marines, as resources become tighter, the Air Force will not have wartime increases from which to reduce. (see Figure 4-212). In FY2001 the

  5. United States Air Force Agency Financial Report 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective means of valuing such materiel. 1.N. Investments in U.S. Treasury Securities The Air...666,842) $ 57,594,470 Legend for Valuation Methods: LAC = Latest Acquisition Cost NRV = Net Realizable Value MAC = Moving Average Cost SP...obsolete, and unserviceable inventory and OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective means of valuing such materiel

  6. An Unfolding Model of Voluntary Turnover of Air Force Reservists and Air National Guard Members

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    was at the Civil Engineering School at Wright Patterson Air Force Base for a two week course on the management of Air Force installation maintenance ...Mount, M. K. (1996). Effects of impression management and self deception on the predicitive validity of personality constructs. Journal of Applied...While with the 320th Air Expeditionary Group, she served as the Chief of Maintenance Engineering. In August 2002, she entered the Graduate School of

  7. Air Force F-22 Fighter Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    Operational Capability (IOC). On January 21, 2006, the F-22 flew its first operational sorties, taking part in an on-going air superiority mission over...47 Antonie Boessenkool, “F-22 Program’s Demise Makes Dubai Debut Possible,” Defense News, November 9, 2009: 16. Material

  8. Designing Forced-Air HVAC Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2010-08-31

    This guide explains proper calculation of heating and cooling design loads for homes.used to calculated for the home using the protocols set forth in the latest edition of the Air Conditioning Contractors of America’s (ACCA) Manual J (currently the 8th edition), ASHRAE 2009 Handbook of Fundamentals, or an equivalent computation procedure.

  9. RAND Project Air Force Annual Report 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Competency Development: Experience from Prince Sultan Air Base and Eskan Village in Saudi Arabia, by Laura Werber Castaneda , Lawrence M. Hanser, and...Company Carlos Slim Helú, Honorary Life Chairman, Grupo CARSO, S. A. de C. V. Donald Tang, Vice Chairman, Bear, Stearns & Company, Inc.; Chairman and

  10. MEASUREMENT OF ADHESION FORCES IN AIR WITH THE VIBRATION METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Siegfried Ripperger; Konrad Hein

    2005-01-01

    The vibration method represents a practical method for the measurement of adhesion forces and adhesion force distributions. This method causes sinusoidally altemating stresses and yields detachment and contact forces between particles and substrate of the same order of magnitude. Alternating contact forces of the vibration method can cause an adhesion force intensification through flattening of asperities. The measuring principle of the vibration method and the analysis of experimental results are described in the article. Normal adhesion forces (pull-off forces) are measured using the vibration method and the colloidal probe technique. The results of both methods show good agreement for small particle sizes. The influence of the detachment force direction is shown by comparing tangential and normal adhesion forces measured using particle reentrainment in a turbulent air flow and the vibration method, respectively. The surface roughness of the substrate and the relative humidity are shown to significantly influence the measured adhesion forces. For the calculation of the adhesion forces, an approach by Rabinovich was combined with approximations of plastic micro asperity flattening. The Rabinovich approach accounts for roughness effects on the van der Waals force by incorporating the rms roughness of the interacting surfaces. rms-values of the particles and substrates were measured with atomic force microscopy at different scanning areas.

  11. U.S. Air Force Physician Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-01

    sustain the readiness of the active force and provide "Quality of Life" daily medical care to the members’ families? The maxim.,.m number of...have used a widely accepted motivaidon theory developed by Abraham Maslow . Accord- ing to Maslow , all Self humans live with a ctualization hierarchy of...Also, by satisfying the social needs of the new member, it is possible for him to move 31 further up his own pyramid and become a better satisfied

  12. OCONUS Compliance Assessment Protocols Air Force Supplement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    effective - Nonconformance and Checking and Corrective Actions: assessing the installation’s compliance with regula- tory requirements and conformance with...below 100 °F (37.8 °C) and having a vapor pressure not exceeding 40 pounds per square inch, guage (psig) (2068 mm Hg) at 100 °F (37.8 °C). Flammable...accordance with the DOD 4500.9R, DTR (AFI 32-7086, para 2.7) - coordinates with the installation Force Protection Working Group and the HMMP team (see

  13. 76 FR 75453 - Restricted Areas and Danger Zones at Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ... follows: Sec. 334.700 Choctawhatchee Bay, aerial gunnery ranges, Air Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base... Mexico adjacent to Santa Rosa Island, Headquarters Air Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a... Santa Rosa Island, Armament Center, Eglin Air Force Base, Fla. (a) The areas. (1) The danger zone....

  14. Sustaining the US Air Force’s Force Support Career Field through Officer Workforce Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    communities upon establishment of the Force Support officer career field. With the 38F career field merger and creation of the FSS, officers previously...section. As the development of a competency model typically entails significant investments of time and money , one should ideally first define the...potential workforce management and assignment shortcomings. Dues (2011) utilized a simulation tool to determine how dynamic endogenous and exogenous

  15. Air Force B-21 Long Range Strike Bomber

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-14

    element 0604015F. 12 Air Force briefing to and discussion with CRS and other think tanks , September 1, 2015. This meeting was conducted under Chatham...to and discussion with CRS and other think tanks , September 1, 2015. 15 By 2008, for example, the man-hours required to maintain the B-2 fleet’s low...18 Air Force briefing to and discussion with CRS and other think tanks , September 1, 2015. 19 B-21’s timeline more closely approximates F-22 and F

  16. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 14, Number 3, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Preparatory School. SrA Jeremiah Celis, TSgt Harold Ackett and then-A1C Lee set up the Trimble 5700 Base Station and Trimble Trimark III Radio receiver...U.S. Air Forces in Europe is working dili- gently to ensure that all civil works are completed on time. MSgt John Lasky Air Force Print News...MSgt Harold Hailer, 27th FW EOD Flight Chief. “Capt Evans’ comrades will always remember the big smile he had on his face since setting off his

  17. Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-10

    ER D C/ CE R L TR -1 3 -5 Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA C on st ru ct io n E n gi n ee ri n g R es ea rc...online library at http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/default. ERDC/CERL TR-13-5 May 2013 Reptiles and Amphibians of Fairchild Air Force Base, WA...Washington, DC 20314-1000 ERDC/CERL TR-13-5 ii Abstract Many reptile and amphibian (collectively termed “herpetofauna”) populations are declining at a

  18. Current Air Force Combat Search and Rescue Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-12

    keep patients alive that had holes through them from RPGs, shrapnel, 7.62, and multiple amputations ...Army MEDEVAC birds have similar countermeasures to Air Force Pavehawks, but lack any door guns whatsoever.14 The Pavehawks, flying with mini...with the Task Force TOC as they hit checkpoints, giving ETAs and routing for the next leg . Other‟s have Personnel Locator Beacons (PLBs), SATPHONEs

  19. 78 FR 17185 - U.S. Air Force Space Command Notice of Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Space Command Notice of Test AGENCY: U.S. Air Force Space Command... inform users of an upcoming event related to the GPS satellite constellation. U.S. Air Force Space... process L2C or L5 CNAV. U.S. Air Force Space Command ] expects to conduct one to two CNAV tests per...

  20. Death by a Thousand Cuts: Micro-Air Vehicles (MAV) in the Service of Air Force Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    exotic approaches as air suction/injection along the wing surface (which might require micro -valves and micro - pumps ), wall heat transfer, or...AU/AWC/___/2001-4 AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY DEATH BY A THOUSAND CUTS: MICRO -AIR VEHICLES (MAV) IN THE SERVICE OF AIR FORCE MISSIONS by...Dates Covered (from... to) - Title and Subtitle Death by a thousand Cuts: Micro -Air Vehicles (MAV) in the Service of Air Force Missions Contract

  1. Prevalence of Careerism among U.S. Air Force Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    1978), 18. 16. Bruce W. Tuckman , "Getting at the Attitudes Problem: Career Development and the Affective Domain," in 90 Career Education: A Lifelong...Hypercareerism. ............................ 16 Measurement of Attitudes................... 17 A Linking Model ............................ 19 Notes... Model with Examples ........... 19 Table 1 Sample Distribution for 1985 Air Force Computer-Assisted Telephone Interview Prototype

  2. United States Air Force Statistical Digest 1947, Second Annual Number

    Science.gov (United States)

    1948-08-01

    those personnel chargeable to the Air Force Troop Bases. The tables are based on audited and coordinated data and in all eeeee the htest available...96 442 344 98 482 384 98 Sgt • , . 947 819 128 855 694 161 858 684 174 827 654 173 Cpl. . 665 544 121 482 347 135 413 305 108 380 280 100 Pfe • . 202

  3. Shaw Air Force Base Infrastructure Project Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    various sunfish, bullhead catfish , and largemouth bass and birds such as resident Canada geese, mallards, and kingfishers (Air Force, 2004a...Reptiles Micrurus fulvius Eastern coral snake ─ SC Hardwood forest; pine flatwoods; marshes Mammals Corynorhinus rafinesquii Rafinesque’s big-eared

  4. How DLA’s Supply Performance Affects Air Force Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-10-01

    used by the Air Force, Navy, and Army, as well) are described in a paper by Victor J. Presutti, Jr., and Richard C. Trepp , "More Ado About Economic...how wholesale safety-level requirements for consumables were to be computed. The basic approach of the Presutti/ Trepp method is to minimize ordering

  5. Assignment Procedures in the Air Force Procurement Management Information System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Joe H., Jr.; And Others

    An overview is presented of the procedure for offering jobs in the Air Force Procurement Management Information System (PROMIS), an assignment system which makes possible the use of human resources research findings to improve individual personnel assignments. A general framework for viewing personnel assignment systems is presented; then job…

  6. Post-Service Utilization of Air Force-Gained Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Anthony J.; Thompson, Paul D.

    More complete information is needed to determine the extent of utilization in the civilian economy of skills developed during military service. Post-service occupation data have been obtained through a questionnaire mailed ten months after separation to each first-term Air Force enlisted man separated between 1 July 1968 and 31 March 1970. As of…

  7. Environmental Assessment: Multiple Projects at Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-17

    Publico sobre el La Evaluation de lmpacto Ambiental de MUltiples Proyectos en Ia Base de Ia Fuerza Aerea Laughlin De acuerdo con el Acta Nacional de 1...EPA Coordinator 4171 North Me~a, Suite C-100 El Paso TX 79902-1441 · · Dear NEP A Coordinator . I I ; The United States Air Force (USAF) is

  8. Shaping an Air Force: A Chief’s Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    from the United States Air Force Academy in 1998. Following a casual status assignment to Moody AFB, Georgia , he graduated from Specialized...military and political science from Duke University in 1970, and taught as an associate professor of history at his alma mater.2 Prior to command

  9. San Antonio Creek Restoration, Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-27

    constrictor Racer Potential Masticophis lateralis Chaparral whipsnake Potential Lampropeltis getula California kingsnake Observed Pituophis catenifer...Unpublished master’s thesis, University of California , Santa Barbara. Grant, C. 1978a. Chumash: Introduction . In California , edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp...Final Draft Environmental Assessment San Antonio Creek Restoration Vandenberg Air Force Base California

  10. Department of the Air Force Supporting Data for Fiscal Year 1990/91 Biennial Budget Estimates Submitted to Congress January 1989. Descriptive Summaries, Research, Development, Test and Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    infrared sensors to correct for atmospheric limitations on ranging and imaging for smart weapons. - (U) Push lidar technology to develop an eyesafe lidar for...Advanced Soace Tecnology Assessments: This project develops and coordinates the Air Force science and technology space and missile investment...govenvent wide. Careful analysis identifies weakness in our technology base or potential tecnology breakthroughs. Irdedent organizations, both inside and

  11. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1979, Thirty-Fourth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-30

    Force Simpson Historical Research Center Air Force Service Information and News Center Air Force Intelligence Service. Air Force Inspection and Saftey ...Examination (Standard Form 88); physical inspections of food handlers or barbers are not included nor are examina- tions of personnel who are ill

  12. Air Force Follow-On Review. Protecting The Force: Lessons From Fort Hood

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    review emerged as a result of the shootings at Fort Hood in November 2009, the study expanded its focus beyond traditional force protection mea- sures by...installation’s emergency-response capabilities. The Air Force has studied and defined system requirements for sharing common information at both the tactical...2.3  page 20 DoD standards for denying requests for recognition as an ecclesiastical endorser of chaplains may be inadequate. Finding 2.4  pages

  13. Air Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-04

    generated a database of trained Air Force personnel. Air Force Energy Office officials stated that they did not reach out to DOE-FEMP to track Air Force...completed, and terminated Air Force energy -savings performance-contract projects. The database should include, but not be limited to, appropriate...Force Civil Engineer Center Management of Energy Savings Performance Contracts Needs Improvement M A Y 4 , 2 0 1 6 Report No. DODIG-2016-087 Mission

  14. Innovating to integrate the intangibles into the learning Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazen, Benjamin T; Weigel, Fred K; Overstreet, Robert E

    2014-01-01

    United States federal law and other regulations require the US military services to provide professional military education to their forces. Meeting that requirement will become increasingly difficult with the absence of a federal government budget, significant cuts to defense spending, and expected future cuts to both defense spending and manpower. Additionally, the operations tempo remains high despite the withdrawal of troops from Iraq and the planned withdrawal from Afghanistan. The resulting time and budget constraints will likely make it more difficult for the services to provide every member with the opportunity to compete for positions in coveted in-residence professional military education programs. Thus, the Air Force is considering a new lifetime learning approach to professional military education. As the Air Force seeks to develop its new paradigm, we must understand what benefits of the current system should be retained and what drawbacks should be allayed. Unfortunately, there is little research in this area. We content analyze data collected from Air Force officers attending in-residence professional military education, synthesize our findings with education and technology literature, and suggest innovative technologies that can maximize the intangible benefits and minimize the drawbacks of professional military education. The blended approach we present can create a richer, more meaningful learning experience for the service member, while simultaneously lowering the cost per member and providing greater opportunity to attend in-residence professional military education.

  15. Effects on well-being of investing in cleaner air in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanderson, Warren; Striessnig, Erich; Schöpp, Wolfgang; Amann, Markus

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, India has experienced rapid economic growth along with increases in levels of air pollution. Our goal is to examine how alternative policies for air pollution abatement affect well-being there. In particular, we estimate the effects of policies to reduce the levels of ambient fine particulates (PM2.5), which are especially harmful to human health, on well-being, quantified using the United Nations' human development index (HDI). Two of the three dimensions of this index are based on gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and life expectancy. Our approach allows reductions in PM2.5 to affect both of them. In particular, economic growth is affected negatively through the costs of the additional pollution control measures and positively through the increased productivity of the population. We consider three scenarios of PM2.5 abatement, corresponding to no further control, current Indian legislation, and current European legislation. The overall effect in both control scenarios is that growth in GDP is virtually unaffected relative to the case of no further controls, life expectancy is higher, and well-being, as measured by the HDI, is improved. In India, air pollution abatement investments clearly improve well-being.

  16. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 11, Number 4, Winter 2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    and MSgt Paul Fazzini, AMC/PA, Scott AFB, Ill. Above: Members of the 615th Air Mobility Squadron, Travis AFB, Calif., erect tents on Naval Air...Col Jeffrey Pitchford , commander of the 16th CES, at Aviano AB, Italy. Both were members of the advance on-site team sent to Diyarbakir to do initial...joined Lt Col Pitchford and SMSgt Dewar in Diyarbakir. They were the first CE forces at the Diyarbakir site, arriving in mid-February to begin their

  17. Initiative in Soviet Air Force Tactics and Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    to operate with the GCI operators. The Jay Bird radar in 1970 gave Fishbed S""pilots a better picture of the fight. In 1971 the MiG-23 entered service...N.Y., Leites Nathan, edited by Derek Leebeart, edie bty. 9. Asher Lee,The Sovie Air Force, Gerald Duckworth and Co. , London, 1950. 10. Chernitskiy...Barbarossa to Stalingrad," in Lee, Asher , L Soviet AI_ and Rocket Forces, Praeger, NY, 1959. 53. Werth Alexander, R at War, 1941-1945, Berrie and

  18. Steady Thermal Field Simulation of Forced Air-cooled Column-type Air-core Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Qiu; LI Zhenbiao; YIN Xiaogen; YUAN Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Modeling the steady thermal field of the column-type air-core reactor,and further analyzing its distribution regularity,will help optimizing reactor design as well as improving its quality.The operation mechanism and inner insulation structure of a novel current limiting column-type air-core reactor is introduced in this paper.The finite element model of five encapsulation forced air-cooled column type air-core reactor is constructed using Fluent.Most importantly,this paper present a new method that,the steady thermal field of reactor working under forced air-cooled condition is simulated without arbitrarily defining the convection heat transfer coefficient for the initial condition; The result of the thermal field distribution shows that,the maximum steady temperature rise of forced air-cooled columntype air-core reactor happens approximately 5% to its top.The law of temperature distribution indicates:In the 1/3part of the reactor to its bottom,the temperature will rise rapidly to the increasing of height,yet the gradient rate is gradually decreasing; In the 5 % part of the reactor to its top,the temperature will drop rapidly to the increasing of height; In the part between,the temperature will rise slowly to the increasing of height.The conclusion draws that more thermal withstand capacity should be considered at the 5 % part of the reactor to its top to achieve optimal design solution.

  19. 76 FR 57026 - Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-15

    ... Force Research Laboratory overview focusing on the Air Force Science and Technology plan emphasizing... challenges amid new era of defense policy and lessons learned from challenged acquisition programs;...

  20. Defining a 21st Century Air Force (Services) Business Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-10

    information and technology age. Understanding this generation is important because Air Force millennial generation Airmen comprise 69 percent of...multi-tasking and are extremely savvy with electronics. Even though it is well known that millennials are technologically savvy, the Air Force has...Activity Business Model……………………3 The Millennial Generation……………………………………………………………….9 Sequestration Impacts………………………………………………………………...…10 Failures of

  1. Eielson Air Force Base Operable Unit 2 baseline risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, R.E.; Jarvis, T.T.; Jarvis, M.R.; Whelan, G.

    1994-10-01

    Operable Unit 2 at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, is one of several operable units characterized by petroleum, oil, and lubricant contamination, and by the presence of organic products floating at the water table, as a result of Air Force operations since the 1940s. The base is approximately 19,270 acres in size, and comprises the areas for military operations and a residential neighborhood for military dependents. Within Operable Unit 2, there are seven source areas. These source areas were grouped together primarily because of the contaminants released and hence are not necessarily in geographical proximity. Source area ST10 includes a surface water body (Hardfill Lake) next to a fuel spill area. The primary constituents of concern for human health include benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Monitored data showed these volatile constituents to be present in groundwater wells. The data also showed an elevated level of trace metals in groundwater.

  2. Managing the Air Force’s Most Important Resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-20

    the Selective Early Retirement Board is for lieutenant colonels that have been twice deferred for promotion and for colonels who have four years time...VSP and considered by the Selective Early Retirement Board, also experienced the same issues, except these individuals were closer to retirement at...Selective Early Retirement Board, the Air Force accepted volunteers in 2008, and canceled the boards and non-voluntary separations,11 resulting in more

  3. Feasibility of United States Air Force Finite Element Model Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    wish to be removed from our mailing list, or if the addressee is no longer employed by your organization please notify AFWAL/ FIBRA , Wright-Patterson...ORGANIZATION FaIr Aylible) Flight Dynamics Laboratory (AFWAL/ FIBRA ) Failure Analysis Associates Air Force Wright Aeronautical Laboratories 6c. ADDRESS...TELEPHONE (Include Area Code) 22c. OFFICE SYMBOL Vipperla B. Venkayya , (513) 255-7191 AFWAL/ FIBRA DD Form 1473, JUN 86 Previous edt/or, are obsolete

  4. Diverse Communications Project at Vandenberg Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-25

    Assessment 37 5.0 LIST OF REFERENCES Arnold, R.A. 1983 Ecological studies of six Endangered butterflies ( Lepidoptera , Lycaenidae): Island...1996 Reptiles and Amphibians of Vandenberg Air Force Base, Santa Barbara County, California. Report No. 4, Museum of Systematics and Ecology...complex: recognition of a species and description of a new subspecies. (Lycaenidae). Journal ofResearch on the Lepidoptera 27: 173-185. Diverse

  5. Understanding Country Planning: A Guide for Air Force Component Planners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    day -to- day activities designed to engage specific partners and build relationships that pave the way for greater security. In the past, these types of...development of this report, particularly the last day of the Air Force Building Partnerships Conference. The RAND study team presented a briefing on...of Public Administration Research and Theory, Vol. 11, No. 2, April 2001, pp. 151–152. 6 McGuire and Silvia refer to this as the fragile nature of

  6. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography: 1968 - 1972

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-09-01

    University of Denver, 1969. 209 1. (Spec. Coll. UGB 861 Z7) 34 PART XII GRADUATES AIR FORCE REGULATIONS 284 AFR 36-7. Legal education...Indoctrination 10355 Merit lists 10356 Organization 10330 Wing strength 10354 Marihuana incidents 10912 Marriage of cadet 10326...10417 Marihuana incidents 10912 Marine Corps and airman students being taught same course as midshipmen 10422 Medical school, graduates who enter

  7. Fiscal Year 2012 United States Air Force Agency Financial Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    equipment. The Air Force recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective...Legend for Valuation Methods: LAC = Latest Acquisition Cost NRV = Net Realizable Value MAC = Moving Average Cost SP = Standard Price LCM...AFWCF recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable inventory and OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective means of

  8. U.S. Air Force Annual Financial Statement 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    equipment. The Air Force recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective...Latest Acquisition Cost NRV = Net Realizable Value MAC = Moving Average Cost SP = Standard Price LCM = Lower of Cost or Market AC = Actual...S. The AFWCF recognizes excess, obsolete, and unserviceable inventory and OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an

  9. Annual US Air Force Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Report, 1995.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-05-01

    This report evaluates the 1995 US Air Force (USAF) Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( STD ) Prevention and Control Program. The report analyzes data from...88 medical treatment facilities worldwide and compares 1995 data with that from 1992-94. The 1995 USAF active duty total STD incidence rate was 7.64...cases per 1,000 personnel. This rate represents a 18.9% decline from the 1994 reported STD incidence rate of 9.41 per 1,000 personnel. Among active

  10. United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography 2011-2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-23

    34 Structures of Our Time: 31 Buildings That Changed Modern Life. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. 216-21. Print. (NA 712 .S48 2002). 150. Skidmore...us_air_force_academy__center_for_character_ _leadership_development>.Print. 191. "The Story Behind the Structure : The Center for Character and Leadership Development...the Consistency and Reliability of the Defense Automated Neurocognitive Assessment Tool." Applied Psychological Measurement 39.7 (2015): 566–72

  11. Technology and the Air Force: A Retrospective Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    environment, the French philosopher Jean Paul Sartre , som- berly remarking on the universe in general, postulated that, “Existence precedes essence,” that... Paul Sartre , with a little bit of Woody Allen thrown in. One advantage of being the commander of the History Support Office is that the Air Force...Development of Modern Aviation (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul , 1968), pp 47-97; Robert Schlaifer, Development of Aircraft Engines (Boston: Harvard

  12. Operationalizing Offensive Social Engineering for the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    for the Air Force Bryan E. Skarda, B.S. Major, USAF Approved: /signed/ 5 Mar 2008 Dr. Robert Mills (Chairman) date /signed/ 5 Mar 2008 Dr. Dennis...advisor, Dr. Robert Mills, for his patience and subtle course corrections that kept me going down the right path. Also, to Maj Paul Williams for his...Jan 2005. 12. Borgatti, Steve. “Introduction to Grounded Theory”. 13. Cialdini , R. B. and B. J. Sagarin. Persuasion: Psychological Insights and Per

  13. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography 1954 - 1964

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    thumbs down on modernistic Air Force Academy, Bsns Wk 54ff, 23 July 1955. 270 Construction of AF Academy stalled, ArNavAF Jour 92:1365, 16 July...for Washington in May, AF Times 20:2, 2 April 1960. 1143 Academy cancels plans to make own bread , Sen subcom; bakery and dairy Indus reprs...Academy from making own ice cream, bread and pastry, NY Times 21:7, 19 August 1957. Senator Allott gives Eisenhower medal commemorating Academy

  14. Reinventing the Wheel: Structuring Air Forces for Foreign Internal Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-01

    150. of the SAWC was changed to place training third in 22 CADRE PAPER priority, behind development of COIN doctrine and 42. Samuel B. Griffith. ed...Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, 1979. Special Operations in US Strategy. Edited by Frank R. Barnett, B. Hugh Tovar , and Richard H. Shultz...Edited by Peter Paret. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1986. Mao Tse-tung on Guerrilla Warfare. Edited and translated by Samuel B

  15. Drainage Canal Survey, Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    der, The Water Encyclopedia, Second Edition, Chelsea, Michigan, Lewis Publishers, 1990. 4. Manahan , Stanley E., Environmental Chemistry , Fifth...OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE L B2402 E Drive ABrooks Air Force Base, TX 78235P1I14 "• B ELECTEO P 0 •p3193 ER March 1993 A T Final...EDWARD F. MAHER, Col, USAF, BSC Environmental Engineer Consultant Chief, Bioenvironmental Engineering Division Form Approved REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE

  16. Wastewater Characterization Survey, Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-03-01

    Water Pollution Control, Second Edition, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1989. 4. Manahan , Stanley E., Environmental Chemistry , Fifth Edition, Chelsea, Michigan...OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORATE 0 BIOENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING DIVISION2402 E Drive Brooks Air Force Base, TX 78235-5114 G March...Royal Road, Springfield VA 22161. DARRIN L. CURTIS, Capt, USAF, BSC EDWARD F. MAHER, Col, USAF, BSC Environmental Engineer Consultant Chief

  17. 78 FR 32241 - U.S. Air Force Seeks Industry Input for National Security Space Launch Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Seeks Industry Input for National Security Space Launch Assessment AGENCY: Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for Space, Department of the Air Force, DOD..., Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of the Air Force for Space, seeks industry views and perspectives...

  18. 32 CFR 806.29 - Administrative processing of Air Force FOIA requests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... came from another Air Force element, or release of the requested records would affect another Air Force..., or are classified up to the SECRET level, send them separately to AFLSA/JACL, 1501 Wilson...

  19. Environmental Assessment for the Air Force Research Laboratory Security Fence Project, Edwards Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    develop air and space vehicle propulsion and power technologies. Areas where turbine and rocket engines and propulsion systems are tested contain valuable...associated with the region. A seismic event and potential damage to the fence would not likely cause injury or death. No adverse geologic or seismic ...3-19 3.3.4 Seismicity .........................................................................................................3

  20. Air Force Training: Further Analysis and Planning Needed to Improve Effectiveness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    AIR FORCE TRAINING Further Analysis and Planning Needed to Improve Effectiveness Report to Congressional Committees...GAO-16-864, a report to congressional committees September 2016 AIR FORCE TRAINING Further Analysis and Planning Needed to Improve...Effectiveness Why GAO Did This Study For more than a decade, the Air Force focused its training on supporting operations in the Middle East. The Air Force

  1. 78 FR 66903 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... militia heritage and the history of the Air Force since 1947. This discussion will extend to accounting... between the regular and reserve components of the Air Force, taking advantage of the unique strengths and... States; (d) provides for sufficient numbers of regular members of the Air Force to provide a base...

  2. The Development of Air Force Undergraduate Space Training. LTTC Special Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Michael H.

    This historical study traces the development of an undergraduate program at Lowry Technical Training Center (LTTC) situated in the Lowry Air Force Base, Colorado, to train Air Force officers and enlisted personnel for the space operations career field. The report begins in the 1950s when Air Force Systems Command examined the concept of a manned…

  3. 76 FR 27003 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force AGENCY...: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) will meet to continue... Updates D. Federal Travel Regulations E. Air Quality Issues/Concerns from Previous Task Force...

  4. 78 FR 10127 - Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... Air Quality Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture. ACTION: Notice of Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force. SUMMARY... term on the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) which was established by the...

  5. 75 FR 45091 - Notice of Request for Nominations to the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-02

    ... Task Force AGENCY: Natural Resources Conservation Service, United States Department of Agriculture... the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) and requests nominations for qualified persons to... Chief of the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) will establish a task force to...

  6. Robins Air Force Base integrated resource assessment. Volume 3, Resource assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sullivan, G.P.; Keller, J.M.; Stucky, D.J.; Wahlstrom, R.R.; Larson, L.L.

    1993-10-01

    The US Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) has tasked the US Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), supported by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Robins Air Force Base (AFB). This is part of a model program that PNL is designing to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at the AFMC Robins AFB facility located approximately 15 miles south of Macon, Georgia. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume 2, Baseline Detail. The results of the analyses of EROs are presented in 13 common energy end-use categories (e.g., boilers and furnaces, service hot water, and building lighting). A narrative-description of each ERO is provided, including information on the installed cost, energy and dollar savings; impacts on operation and maintenance (O&M); and, when applicable, a discussion of energy supply and demand, energy security, and environmental issues. A description of the evaluation methodologies and technical and cost assumptions is also provided for each ERO. Summary tables present the cost-effectiveness of energy end-use equipment before and after the implementation of each ERO and present the results of the life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis indicating the net present value (NPV) and savings to investment ratio (SIR) of each ERO.

  7. Tough Tommy’s Space Force: General Thomas S. Power and the Air Force Space Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    118th Company focused on reforestation, cleaning up existing forest plots, building fire trails, digging water holes for forest fire protection...the development of the WDD, but also the creation of a unique systems engineering management process that overturned the traditional Air Force...contemplates bringing a noticeable mass up to sufficient velocity to orbit the earth and the ICBM to make it obvious that the closest of technical

  8. The Air Force National Guard and the Air Force Reserve: Points to Ponder for the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-01

    COLONEL ALBERT J. LEFKO Jil’ _ _ = = _ _ , ’, £ " 4-p.4I, •i I A EDFOR PLUBUI AIR UNIVERSITYE FRE U ahIrtTItftM UNITED STATES AIRFRERL!E iiuu~u...tnc a k ei: o LI.. rir1 r~r IF SEF t. u E&U PAIE3 SLI d ’* 3 ~ . .r . - *i .e.O o ie s s-r td v repieEents the .,iews of t he Ruttflocs and djoes...i I C’ one I FRa k ph F. Ander-son 1. .. CLiaiwT:srsl iI.’.~ f h LI I - - inr t he A-LE. . F-.’m =Ezrve on aC c-f ~4t iv di.t tv t rcrj 1Yeu I + *~~i

  9. Ejection experience in Serbian air force, 1990-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlović Miroslav

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Ejection injuries are the problem for air forces. The present risk for injuries is still too high, approximately 30-50%. This study was an effort to determine factors responsible for and contributing to injuries in the Serbian Air Force (SAF in the last two decades. Methods. All ejection cases in the SAF between 1990 and 2010 were analyzed. The collected data were: aircraft type, ejection seat generation, pilots ´ age and experience, causes of ejection, aeronautical parameters, the condition of aircraft control and types of injuries. For ease of comparison the U.S. Air Force Safety Regulation was used to define of major injuries: hospitalization for 5 days or more, loss of consciousness for over 5 min, bone fracture, joint dislocation, injury to any internal organ, any third-degree burn, or second-degree burn over 5% of the body surface area. Results. There were 52 ejections (51 pilots and 1 mechanic on 44 airplanes. The ejected persons were from 22 to 46 years, average 32 years. Major injuries were present in 25.49% cases. Of all the ejected pilots 9.61% had fractures of thoracic spine, 11.53% fractures of legs, 3.48% fractures of arms. Of all major injuries, fractures of thoracic spine were 38.46%. None of the pilots had experienced ejection previously. Conclusion. Our results suggest to obligatory take preventive measures: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan must be included in the standard pilot selection procedure and procedure after ejection. Physical conditioning of pilots has to be improved. Training on ejection trainer has to be accomplished, too.

  10. Brazilian Air Force aircraft structural integrity program: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto W. S. Mello Junior

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an overview of the activities developed by the Structural Integrity Group at the Institute of Aeronautics and Space - IAE, Brazil, as well as the status of ongoing work related to the life extension program for aircraft operated by the Brazilian Air Force BAF. The first BAF-operated airplane to undergo a DTA-based life extension was the F-5 fighter, in the mid 1990s. From 1998 to 2001, BAF worked on a life extension project for the BAF AT- 26 Xavante trainer. All analysis and tests were performed at IAE. The fatigue critical locations (FCLs were presumed based upon structural design and maintenance data and also from exchange of technical information with other users of the airplane around the world. Following that work, BAF started in 2002 the extension of the operational life of the BAF T-25 “Universal”. The T-25 is the basic training airplane used by AFA - The Brazilian Air Force Academy. This airplane was also designed under the “safe-life” concept. As the T-25 fleet approached its service life limit, the Brazilian Air Force was questioning whether it could be kept in flight safely. The answer came through an extensive Damage Tolerance Analysis (DTA program, briefly described in this paper. The current work on aircraft structural integrity is being performed for the BAF F-5 E/F that underwent an avionics and weapons system upgrade. Along with the increase in weight, new configurations and mission profiles were established. Again, a DTA program was proposed to be carried out in order to establish the reliability of the upgraded F-5 fleet. As a result of all the work described, the BAF has not reported any accident due to structural failure on aircraft submitted to Damage Tolerance Analysis.

  11. Tactical Automated Security System Air Force expeditionary security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Ken

    2002-08-01

    The US Air Force's TASS (Tactical Automated Security System) program has been in existence since 1996. The TASS program meets the growing need to supplement security personnel with modern technology, when these forces are deployed around the world. TASS combines five equipment elements into an integrated security solution, providing both a detection and an assessment capability. TASS does this in a way which maximizes the mobility and user friendliness objectives of the system. In this paper, we will take a closer look at TASS. We will examine the concepts that drive the TASS development process. We will provide an overview of the TASS technical elements, and provide a roadmap for further development of those elements. Finally, we will provide recommendations to security providers who aim to have their products included in the TASS baseline of equipment.

  12. Contractor Logistics Support in the U.S. Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    the Sacramento ALC at McClellan AFB . After the BRAC Commission voted in FY 1995 to close McClellan , the Air Force chose CLS for the F-117. The... Sacramento ALC at McClellan AFB would also have been the depot for the F-22. The original sustainment plan for organic sup- port was premised on a fleet of...major depots until the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission in 1995 recommended closure of two ALCs.1 Kelly and McClellan AFBs closed in

  13. Atomically resolved graphitic surfaces in air by atomic force microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wastl, Daniel S; Weymouth, Alfred J; Giessibl, Franz J

    2014-05-27

    Imaging at the atomic scale using atomic force microscopy in biocompatible environments is an ongoing challenge. We demonstrate atomic resolution of graphite and hydrogen-intercalated graphene on SiC in air. The main challenges arise from the overall surface cleanliness and the water layers which form on almost all surfaces. To further investigate the influence of the water layers, we compare data taken with a hydrophilic bulk-silicon tip to a hydrophobic bulk-sapphire tip. While atomic resolution can be achieved with both tip materials at moderate interaction forces, there are strong differences in force versus distance spectra which relate to the water layers on the tips and samples. Imaging at very low tip-sample interaction forces results in the observation of large terraces of a naturally occurring stripe structure on the hydrogen-intercalated graphene. This structure has been previously reported on graphitic surfaces that are not covered with disordered adsorbates in ambient conditions (i.e., on graphite and bilayer graphene on SiC, but not on monolayer graphene on SiC). Both these observations indicate that hydrogen-intercalated graphene is close to an ideal graphene sample in ambient environments.

  14. U. S. Air Force approach to plume contamination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furstenau, Ronald P.; McCay, T. Dwayne; Mann, David M.

    1980-08-01

    Exhaust products from rocket engine firings can produce undesirable effects on sensitive satellite surfaces, such as optical systems, solar cells, and thermal control surfaces. The Air Force has an objective of minimizing the effect of rocket plume contamination on space-craft mission effectiveness. Plume contamination can result from solid rocket motors, liquid propellant engines, and electric thrusters. To solve the plume contamination problem, the Air Force Rocket Propulsion Laboratory (AFRPL) has developed a plume contamination computer model which predicts the production, transport, and deposition of rocket exhaust products. In addition, an experimental data base is being obtained through ground-based vacuum chamber experiments and in-flight measurements with which to compare the analytical results. Finally, the experimental data is being used to verify and improve the analytical model. The plume contamination model, known as CONTAM, has been used to make contamination predictions for various engines. The experimental programs have yielded quantitative data, such as species concentrations and temperatures, in all regions of the plume. The result of the modelling and experimental programs will ultimately be computer models which can be used by the satellite designer to analyze and to minimize the effect plume contamination will have on a particular spacecraft system.

  15. Noise impacts from professional dog grooming forced-air dryers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter M Scheifele

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to measure the sound output of four commonly used brands of forced-air dryers used by dog groomers in the United States. Many dog groomers have questions about the effect of this exposure on their hearing, as well as on the hearing of the dogs that are being groomed. Readings taken from each dryer at 1 meter (the likely distance of the dryer from the groomer and the dog showed average levels ranging from 105.5 to 108.3 dB SPL or 94.8 to 108.0 dBA. Using the 90 dBA criterion required by the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration, dog groomers/bathers are at risk if exposure to the lowest intensity dryer (94.8 dBA exceeds 4 hours per day. If the more stringent 85 dBA criterion and 3 dB tradeoff is applied, less than one hour of exposure is permissible in an 8 hour day. Cautions are recommended for any persons exposed to noise from forced-air dryers.

  16. The Best Investment for the Air Superiority Fighter of the Year 2000: The Aircraft, Its Weapon System or Its Armament?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-05-01

    Tactical Aircraft Division, 21 and 22 April 1986. 5. Study made in 1985 for a seminar of the Air War College by Colonel Bodie Bodenheim , USAF, and the...Magazine, January 1986, pp. 38-45. Ulsamer, Edgar , *Hard Calls on Tactical Technology.- Air Force Magazine, April 1986, pp. 58-64. A 0 _4 4.I _woo= ,DŔ

  17. Rome Air Development Center Air Force technical objective document fiscal year 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    This TOD describes the RADC technical programs in support of the Air Force Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) mission. The technical objectives have been aligned with the VANGUARD mission areas of Command, Control, and Communications (C3), Reconnaissance and Intelligence, Strategic Systems (Defense) and Technology as a means of focusing the RADC support of VANGUARD. This document is prepared to provide industry and universities with the midterm technical objectives in these areas.

  18. Predicting Future Capabilities of the People’s Liberation Army Air Forces of China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    five variables describe expeditionary air force capabilities based on the AEF construct explained by Dr. Thierry Gongora , a defense scientist employed...40 Thierry Gongora . “The Meaning of Expeditionary Operations from an Air Force Prospective” (Paper... Gongora lists air superiority fighters, bomber aircraft, tankers, and medium lift (assuming inflight refuelable). Because of China’s lack of tankers

  19. Why Is Outdoor Recreation Worth $30 Million to the Air Force?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heeg, Phillip

    The Air Force outdoor recreation program evolved from the Army "rest and recreation" areas set up during World War II. During the last decade, financial pressures and eroding support for recreation programs forced a reexamination of the objectives of such programs. Starting with the premise that the Air Force was the main customer and…

  20. 77 FR 41165 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force AGENCY... Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) will meet to continue discussions on critical... for Task Force Anaerobic Digester Technologies Odor Management Technologies Committee Updates E....

  1. Labor force participation and human capital increases in an aging population and implications for U.S. research investment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manton, Kenneth G; Lowrimore, Gene R; Ullian, Arthur D; Gu, Xiliang; Tolley, H Dennis

    2007-06-26

    The proportion of the United States labor force >/=65 years of age is projected to increase between 2004 and 2014 by the passing of age 65 of the large post-World War II baby boom cohorts starting in 2010 and their greater longevity, income, education, and health [Toossi M (2005) Mon Labor Rev 128(11):25-44]. The aging of the U.S. labor force will continue to at least 2034, when the largest of the baby boom cohorts reaches age 70. Thus, the average health and functional capacity of persons age 65+ must improve for sufficient numbers of elderly persons to be physically and cognitively capable of work. This will require greater investments in research, public health, and health care. We examine how disability declines and improved health may increase human capital at later ages and stimulate the growth of gross domestic product and national wealth.

  2. Starfleet Deferred: Project Orion in the 1962 Air Force Space Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziarnick, B.

    Project Orion, the Cold War American program (1957-1965) studying nuclear pulse propulsion for space applications, has long interested space enthusiasts for what it was and what it might have been, but it has long been believed that neither the United States government nor the US Air Force took the program very seriously. However, recently declassified US Air Force documents shed more light on the classified history of Project Orion. Far from being ignored by Air Force leadership, through the efforts of the Strategic Air Command, Air Force leaders like General Curtis LeMay were convinced that Project Orion should be funded as a major weapons system. The high water mark of Project Orion was the 1962 Air Force Space Program proposal by the Air Force Chief of Staff to devote almost twenty percent of the Air Force space budget from 1962-1967 to Orion development before the program was cancelled by the civilian Secretary of the Air Force under pressure from the Department of Defense. This paper details the history of Project Orion in the 1962 Air Force Space Program proposal, and concludes with a few lessons learned for use by modern interstellar advocates.

  3. Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) Air Force facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, David F.

    1993-01-01

    The Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) Program is an initiative within the US Air Force to acquire and validate advanced technologies that could be used to sustain superior capabilities in the area or space nuclear propulsion. The SNTP Program has a specific objective of demonstrating the feasibility of the particle bed reactor (PBR) concept. The term PIPET refers to a project within the SNTP Program responsible for the design, development, construction, and operation of a test reactor facility, including all support systems, that is intended to resolve program technology issues and test goals. A nuclear test facility has been designed that meets SNTP Facility requirements. The design approach taken to meet SNTP requirements has resulted in a nuclear test facility that should encompass a wide range of nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) test requirements that may be generated within other programs. The SNTP PIPET project is actively working with DOE and NASA to assess this possibility.

  4. Small Satellites and the DARPA/Air Force Falcon Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weeks, David J.; Walker, Steven H.; Sackheim, Robert L.

    2004-01-01

    The FALCON ((Force Application and Launch from CONUS) program is a technology demonstration effort with three major components: a Small Launch Vehicle (SLV), a Common Aero Vehicle (CAV), and a Hypersonic Cruise Vehicle (HCV). Sponsored by DARPA and executed jointly by the United States Air Force and DARPA with NASA participation, the objectives are to develop and demonstrate technologies that will enable both near-term and far-term capability to execute time-critical, global reach missions. The focus of this paper is on the SLV as it relates to small satellites and the implications of lower cost to orbit for small satellites. The target recurring cost for placing 1000 pounds payloads into a circular reference orbit of 28.5 degrees at 100 nautical miles is $5,000,000 per launch. This includes range costs but not the payload or payload integration costs. In addition to the nominal 1000 pounds to LEO, FALCON is seeking delivery of a range of orbital payloads from 220 pounds to 2200 pounds to the reference orbit. Once placed on alert status, the SLV must be capable of launch within 24 hours.

  5. Tinted Blue: Air Force Culture and American Civil-Military Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    debates of 2007–08—providing spectral variation on the depen- dent variable of cooperation or resistance. This variation creates a useful array for...roles and missions among the services spawned fractious debate and bureaucratic wrangling.48 These dynamics imbued the Air Force with a sensitivity to...among the services. In fact, the Air Force was eager to cooperate. As the following analysis highlights, the Air Force formed a unique en- clave of

  6. Combat Support Execution Planning and Control. An Assessment of Initial Implementations in Air Force Exercises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    espe - cially those in the Air Force and those who rely on Air Force bases and support to shape their combat capability. This study is one of a series of...means for building knowledge of best practices across ACS for the entire Air Force. Teach ACS critical thinking and problem-solving in an operational...consensus, at least greater understanding and a common vocabulary for these personnel. In addition to the on-site assess- ment team, RAND Project

  7. Innovation in the United States Air Force: Evidence from Six Cases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Air Force senior leaders have initiated a conversation about what can and should be done to make the service more innovative . The purpose of this...report is to contribute to that conversation by assessing a series of historical cases of Air Force innovation , or apparent failure to innovate , in the...context of the scholarly literature on military innovation . Our primary aim is to inform Air Force efforts to make the service more innovative .

  8. Government Accountability Office Bid Protests in Air Force Source Selections: Evidence and Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    AFB ; and, before 2001, Sacramento ALC (SM-ALC), McClellan AFB ; San Antonio ALC (SA-ALC), Kelly AFB ; and the Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center...and Training Command AFB Air Force Base AFMC Air Force Materiel Command AFLOA Air Force Legal Operations Agency AGMC Aerospace Guidance and...Selection Improvements,” briefi ng, Wright-Patterson AFB , Ohio: ASC Acquisition Center of Excellence, April 10, 2007; and Edward C. Martin and Daniel

  9. Air Force Office of Scientific Research, May/Jun 98 Research Highlights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-06-01

    quality of airfield pavements, proteins that protect against toxicity, compact laser development , scientist and engineer exchange program and technology transitions that benefit Air Force operations.

  10. Cape Canaveral Air Force Station integrated resource assessment. Volume 3, Resource assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandusky, W.F.; Eichman, C.J.; King, D.A.; McMordie, K.L.; Parker, S.A.; Shankle, S.A.; Wahlstrom, R.R.

    1994-03-01

    The U.S. Air Force (USAF) has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in support of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (AFS). Projects considered can be either in the form of energy management or energy conservation. The overall efforts of this task are based on a model program PNL is designing to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at Cape Canaveral AFS, which is located approximately 10 miles north of Cocoa Beach, Florida. It is a companion report to Volume 1: Executive Summary and Volume 2: Baseline Detail. The results of the analyses of EROs are presented in 11 common energy end-use categories (e.g., boilers and furnaces, service hot water, and building lighting). A narrative description of each ERO is provided, including information on the installed cost, energy and dollar savings, impacts on operations and maintenance (O&M), and, when applicable, a discussion of energy supply and demand, energy security, and environmental issues. Descriptions of the evaluation methodologies and technical and cost assumptions are also provided for each ERO. Summary tables present the cost- effectiveness of energy end-use equipment before and after the implementation of each ERO and present the results of the life-cycle cost (LCC) analysis, indicating the net present value (NPV) and savings-to-investment ratio (SIR) of each ERO.

  11. The United States Air Force and Profession: Why Sixty Percent of Air Force General Officers are Still Pilots When Pilots Comprise Just Twenty Percent of the Officer Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-08-25

    even more vocal about the pilots taking back control of the Air Force. "After nearly a year of whittling away at the rated force and preparing for the...assorted fighter aircraft" strikes a chord within the officer corps. It stakes a claim that the general is a part of the inner corps of the officer

  12. Toward an Air and Space Force: Naval Aviation and the Implications for Space Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-09-01

    hour support center that manages all requests relating to USAF space systems. 85. Ibid. 86. Cliff D. Ozmun , “Air Force Space Command Establishes First...Shield Declares Victory.” Space Tactics Bulletin 2, Issue 1 (November 1994): 3–4. Ozmun , Cliff D. “Air Force Space Command Establishes First Space

  13. A Delphi Study of Additive Manufacturing Applicability for United States Air Force Civil Engineer Contingency Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    A DELPHI STUDY OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING APPLICABILITY FOR UNITED STATES AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER CONTINGENCY...subject to copyright protection in the United States. AFIT-ENV-MS-15-M-161 A DELPHI STUDY OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING APPLICABILITY FOR UNITED STATES... ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING APPLICABILITY FOR UNITED STATES AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS Seth N. Poulsen, BS Captain, USAF

  14. Air Force Operational Contracting Knowledge Assessment: Analyzing Explicit and Tacit Contracting Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA MBA PROFESSIONAL REPORT Air Force Operational Contracting Knowledge Assessment...Analyzing Explicit and Tacit Contracting Knowledge By: Derek Aufderheide, Michael Corrigan, and Jeremy Maloy December 2011...SUBTITLE Air Force Operational Contracting Knowledge Assessment: Analyzing Explicit and Tacit Contracting Knowledge 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S

  15. 75 FR 48929 - Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-12

    ... Natural Resources Conservation Service Notice of Meeting of the Agricultural Air Quality Task Force AGENCY...; (919) 541-5400. The Agricultural Air Quality Task Force (AAQTF) will meet to continue discussions on... Register of July 28, 2010, Notice of a Meeting (75 FR 44214). This document corrects the location of...

  16. The Air Force Officer Qualifying Test: Validity, Fairness, and Bias. Technical Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardison, Chaitra M.; Sims, Carra S.; Wong, Eunice C.

    2010-01-01

    The Air Force has long recognized the importance of selecting the most qualified officers possible. For more than 60 years, it has relied on the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) as one measure of those qualifications. A variety of concerns have been raised about whether the AFOQT is biased, too expensive, or even valid for predicting…

  17. Air Force Institute of Technology, Civil Engineering School: Environmental Protection Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. School of Engineering.

    This document contains information assembled by the Civil Engineering School to meet the initial requirements of NEPA 1969 and Executive Orders which required the Air Force to implement an effective environmental protection program. This course presents the various aspects of Air Force environmental protection problems which military personnel…

  18. 75 FR 22560 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter Renewal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Charter... that it is renewing the charter for the U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jim Freeman, Deputy Advisory Committee...

  19. 76 FR 3617 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ...-annual Sexual Assault and Gender Relations Report; an overview of the USAFA diversity strategic plan; an... the public. The Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with the Office of the Air Force General Counsel, has determined in writing that the public interest requires...

  20. Installation Restoration Program. Phase I. Records Search, Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-05

    GUNN so" a. 105VI A [ads SALIDA to(, A- I Ponce, Tous 50 2 Haswell Creek AP ’all or & Ca , Lm enross Arlington Sargent, 1 10Park IF renc Sugar 6...headquartered at Ent Air Force Base near downtown Colorado Springs, thus reopening the base. When the 15th Air Force moved to California in December 1949

  1. 32 CFR 644.415 - Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Army military and Air Force lands-$50,000 limitation. 644.415 Section 644.415 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY... Interests § 644.415 Army military and Air Force lands—$50,000 limitation. (a) 10 U.S.C. 2672 authorizes...

  2. Annotated Bibliography of the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Technical Reports--1976.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Esther M., Comp.

    This annotated bibliography presents a listing of technical reports (1976) dealing with personnel and training research conducted by the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, an institution charged with the planning and execution of United States Air Force exploratory and advanced development programs for selection, motivation, training,…

  3. Sitewide feasibility study Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Last, G.V.; Lanigan, D.C.; Josephson, G.B.; Bagaasen, L.M.

    1995-09-01

    The Sitewide Feasibility Study (FS) is required under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), the National Contingency Plan (NCP), and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) for Eielson Air Force Base (AFB). It is based on findings presented in the Sitewide Remedial Investigation (RI) Report (USAF 1995a), and the Sitewide Baseline Risk Assessment (BLRA) Report (USAF 1995b). Under the FFA, 64 potential source areas were placed in one of six operable units, based on similar contaminant and environmental characteristics, or were included for evaluation under a Source Evaluation Report (SER). The sitewide RI was directed at contamination that was not confined to an operable unit (OU) or SER source area. The objectives of the sitewide RI were to: Provide information about site characteristics to support individual OU RI/FS efforts and the sitewide RI/FS, including site hydrogeology and determination of background soil and groundwater characteristics; identify and characterize contamination that is not confined or attributable to a specific source area through sitewide monitoring of groundwater and surface water; evaluate cumulative risks to human health and the environment from contamination on a sitewide basis; and provide a mechanism for continued cohesive sitewide monitoring.

  4. Phase 1 Environmental Baseline Survey for Construction of a Wastewater Transmission Pipeline by the City of North Las Vegas on Nellis Air Force Base Clark County, Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    FACILITY UST NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - MANCH MANO FINDS NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - BOOSTER PU FINDS NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - BOOSTER PU FINDS NELLIS AIR...FORCE BASE - BOOSTER PU FINDS NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - AREA 3 199 FINDS NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - AREA 3 199 FINDS NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE - AREA 2 CHL...ReportedOwner no: Not ReportedOwner addr: BUCK , A F & G AOwner current: GLat long acc: NV003Lat long s:-115.063003540039Longitude

  5. At the Crossroads of Cyber Warfare: Signposts for the Royal Australian Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    M. Convertino, Lou Anne DeMattei, and Tammy M. Knierim, Flying and Fighting in Cyberspace, Maxwell Paper ; No. 40 (Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala .: Air...Communications technicians or avionic engineers with a one-month crash course on cyber will not magically become cyber warriors. It will take the training...Convertino, Sebastian M., Lou Anne DeMattei, and Tammy M. Knierim. Flying and Fighting in Cyberspace, Maxwell Paper ; No. 40. Maxwell Air Force Base, Ala

  6. Strategy, Requirements, and Forces The Rising Imperative of Air and Space Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-02-01

    Operations,” Inside the Air Force, Nov. 1, 2002. 195 Donald Rumsfeld and Paul Wolfowitz , Pentagon news briefing, May 8, 2002. 196James G. Roche, Defense...Air Force Magazine, February 2002. 208 Lt. Gen. Charles Wald , USAF Deputy Chief of Staff for Air & Space Operations, interview with John Tirpak...2002. _______ and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz , Pentagon news briefing, May 8, 2002. RYAN, Gen. Michael E., Statement to the Senate Armed

  7. Analysis of Government Accountability Office Bid Protests in Air Force Source Selections over the Past Two Decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    ALCs) include Oklahoma City ALC, Tinker AFB ; Ogden ALC, Hill AFB ; Warner Robins ALC, Robins AFB ; and, before 2001, Sacramento ALC, McClellan AFB ...she had worked with in the past. Megan McKeever was always ready to provide helpful administrative support. xvii Abbreviations AFB Air Force base...are Langley Air Force Base ( AFB ), Air Combat Command; Peterson AFB , Air Force Space Command; Scott AFB , Air Mobility Command; Ramstein Air Base

  8. Data Envelopment Analysis to Assess Productivity in the United States Air Force Medical Supply Chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    correct strategy” ( Heizer & Bender, 2008). In an operational management environment, the more efficiently resources are transformed to goods and... Operational Sciences Graduate School of Engineering and Management Air Force Institute of Technology Air University Air Education and Training...when “it” is needed. ( Heizer & Render, 2008). While operating costs are certainly a deciding factor, the overarching importance of these decisions

  9. Designed to Win: An Agile Approach to Air Force Command and Control of Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    The Air Force has gladly assumed the moniker of the technological force. From a force originated by the invention of the technological miracle ...from the Germans foreign office to the Mexican government imploring them to initiate an attack on the United States. 44 With the capability to

  10. 78 FR 75334 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ...: Due to difficulties finalizing the meeting agenda for the scheduled meeting of the National Commission... and 35% Reserve Component. This force mix matches the force mix planned for fiscal year 2015. A second... will also be ] taken from the U.S. Air Force's Alternative Program Objective Memorandum for fiscal...

  11. Reliable Force Predictions for a Flapping-wing Micro Air Vehicle : A "Vortex-lift" Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thielicke, W.; Kesel, A. B.; Stamhuis, Eize

    2011-01-01

    Vertical and horizontal force of a flapping-wing micro air vehicle (MAV) has been measured in slow-speed forward flight using a force balance. Detailed information on kinematics was used to estimate forces using a blade-element analysis. Input variables for this analysis are lift and drag coefficien

  12. 78 FR 78944 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ..., and other specific mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and technology..., Homeland Security, and Defense Support to Civil Authorities. 4. Continuing growth of demand on traditional... of Air Force history since 1947. 2. Accounting for the socio-cultural dimensions of force...

  13. A decade of U.S. Air Force bat strikes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peurach, Suzanne C.; Dove, Carla J.; Stepko, Laura

    2009-01-01

    From 1997 through 2007, 821 bat strikes were reported to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) Safety Center by aircraft personnel or ground crew and sent to the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, for identification. Many samples were identified by macroscopic and or microscopic comparisons with bat specimens housed in the museum and augmented during the last 2 years by DNA analysis. Bat remains from USAF strikes during this period were received at the museum from 40 states in the United States and from 20 countries. We confirmed that 46% of the strikes were caused by bats, but we did not identify them further; we identified 5% only to the family or genus level, and 49% to the species level. Fifty-five of the 101 bat-strike samples submitted for DNA analysis have been identified to the species level. Twenty-five bat species have been recorded striking USAF planes worldwide. The Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis; n = 173) is the species most commonly identified in USAF strike impacts, followed by the red bat (Lasiurus borealis; n = 83). Bat strikes peak during the spring and fall, with >57% occurring from August through October; 82% of the reports that included time of strike were recorded between 2100 and 0900 hours. More than 12% of the bat strikes were reported at >300 m above ground level (AGL). Although $825,000 and >50% of this sum was attributable to 5 bat-strike incidents. Only 5 bats from the 10 most damaging bat strikes were identified to the species level, either because we did not receive remains with the reports or the sample was insufficient for identification.

  14. Residential Forced Air System Cabinet Leakage and Blower Performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, Iain S.; Dickerhoff, Darryl J.; Delp, William W.

    2010-03-01

    This project evaluated the air leakage and electric power consumption of Residential HVAC components, with a particular focus on air leakage of furnace cabinets. Laboratory testing of HVAC components indicated that air leakage can be significant and highly variable from unit to unit ? indicating the need for a standard test method and specifying maximum allowable air leakage in California State energy codes. To further this effort, this project provided technical assistance for the development of a national standard for Residential HVAC equipment air leakage. This standard is being developed by ASHRAE and is called"ASHRAE Standard 193P - Method of test for Determining the Air Leakage Rate of HVAC Equipment". The final part of this project evaluated techniques for measurement of furnace blower power consumption. A draft test procedure for power consumption was developed in collaboration with the Canadian General Standards Board: CSA 823"Performance Standard for air handlers in residential space conditioning systems".

  15. A comparison of innovative air pollution control technology demonstrations at McClellan Air Force Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, T.E. [BDM Federal, McClellan AFB, CA (United States); Mook, P.H. Jr.; Wong, K.B. [SM-ALC/EMR, McClellan AFB, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    McClellan Air Force Base (AFB), located near Sacramento, California, is one of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program`s National Environmental Technology Test Sites. As part of the on-going environmental clean-up of McClellan AFB, the US Air Force has evaluated several innovative and conventional technologies for the treatment of vapor phase volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This paper presents an overview and comparison of the cost and performance of seven innovative technologies tested at McClellan AFB. McClellan AFB has found conventional off-gas treatment technologies to be effective but costly. Operation and maintenance (O and M) costs for treatment systems are increasingly becoming a major component of the environmental clean-up budget. The cost and performance of photolytic destruction, titanium dioxide photocatalytic oxidation, advanced polymer absorption media, flameless thermal oxidation, non-thermal plasma destruction, electron-beam destruction, and an advanced regenerative adsorption system are presented. Destruction removal efficiencies for VOCs have ranged from greater than 99.9 percent for flameless thermal oxidation to zero for the advanced polymer absorption media. Like the conventional technologies in use, all of the innovative technologies tested have been shown to be effective for treating a wide range of vapor phase contaminants, but each is only cost effective over limited range of off-gas concentrations. Some of the innovative technologies evaluated were found not to be useful over a wide range of contaminants or too costly to operate at their current stage of development. For example, titanium dioxide photocatalytic oxidation cannot effectively treat chlorinated VOCs in off-gas streams that contain moderate amounts of long-chain hydrocarbons.

  16. Simulations of the potential revenue from investment in improved indoor air quality in an office building

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wargocki, Pawel; Djukanovic, Rade

    2005-01-01

    of improved worker performance; benefits from reduced health costs and sickness absence were not included. The building was simulated in a cold, a moderate and a hot climate. It was ventilated by a constant air volume (CAV) system with heat recovery and by a variable air volume (VAV) system with an economizer...

  17. United States Air Force F-35A Operational Basing Environmental Impact Statement. Appendix E: Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    neighborhoods which are already being ruined by the F-15s. NO to the noise polution . No to the air polution . No to ruining the environment and ruining...No to the air polut ion . No to ruining the environment and rui ning people’s lives. Thank you for listening to the citizens. Ruth Drake 1...Headquarters Air Combat Command Installations and Mission Support Directorate, Engineering Division (A7N) 129 Andrews Street Langley Air Force Base, VA

  18. The Early Retirement of Gen Ronald R. Fogleman, Chief of Staff, United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    The Early Retirement of Gen Ronald R. Fogleman, Chief of Staff, United States Air Force *EDITED by DR. RICHARD H. KOHN Editorial Abstract: Air...Force chief of staff Gen Ronald Fogleman’s early retirement in 1997 has caused great speculation. Was this a “resignation in protest”? Here for the...COVERED 00-00-2001 to 00-00-2001 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Early Retirement of Gen Ronald R. Fogleman, Chief of Staff, United States Air Force 5a

  19. United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program. 1985 Technical Report. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    Air Force materials with polution potential include jet fuel, deicer, different pesticides and Aqueous Fire Fighting Foam (AFFF). Spills and leakage...L AD-Ai66 178 UNITED STATES AIR FORCE SUMMER FACULTY RESEARCH PROGRAM 1/11 1985 TECHNICAL RE..(U) UNIVERSAL ENERGY SYSTEMS INC DAYTON OH R C DARRAH...EIIIIEEEIIIEEE 36 Ml ROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART NtATIONdAL "URI4 OF SVAOAS - 963 -A j AIR FORCE OFFICE OF SCIENTIFIC RESEAfjCH-- ;’’UNITEP.STATES A11R.-FORG

  20. Supplemental site inspection for Air Force Plant 59, Johnson City, New York, Volume 1: Investigation report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nashold, B.; Rosenblatt, D.; Hau, J. [and others

    1995-08-01

    This summary describes a Supplemental Site Inspection (SSI) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at Air Force Plant 59 (AFP 59) in Johnson City, New York. All required data pertaining to this project were entered by ANL into the Air Force-wide Installation Restoration Program Information System (IRPIMS) computer format and submitted to an appropriate authority. The work was sponsored by the United States Air Force as part of its Installation Restoration Program (IRP). Previous studies had revealed the presence of contaminants at the site and identified several potential contaminant sources. Argonne`s study was conducted to answer questions raised by earlier investigations.

  1. Vandenberg Air Force Base Upper Level Wind Launch Weather Constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafer, Jaclyn A.; Wheeler, Mark M.

    2012-01-01

    The 30th Operational Support Squadron Weather Flight (30 OSSWF) provides comprehensive weather services to the space program at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. One of their responsibilities is to monitor upper-level winds to ensure safe launch operations of the Minuteman III ballistic missile. The 30 OSSWF tasked the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) to analyze VAFB sounding data with the goal of determining the probability of violating (PoV) their upper-level thresholds for wind speed and shear constraints specific to this launch vehicle, and to develop a tool that will calculate the PoV of each constraint on the day of launch. In order to calculate the probability of exceeding each constraint, the AMU collected and analyzed historical data from VAFB. The historical sounding data were retrieved from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory archive for the years 1994-2011 and then stratified into four sub-seasons: January-March, April-June, July-September, and October-December. The maximum wind speed and 1000-ft shear values for each sounding in each subseason were determined. To accurately calculate the PoV, the AMU determined the theoretical distributions that best fit the maximum wind speed and maximum shear datasets. Ultimately it was discovered that the maximum wind speeds follow a Gaussian distribution while the maximum shear values follow a lognormal distribution. These results were applied when calculating the averages and standard deviations needed for the historical and real-time PoV calculations. In addition to the requirements outlined in the original task plan, the AMU also included forecast sounding data from the Rapid Refresh model. This information provides further insight for the launch weather officers (LWOs) when determining if a wind constraint violation will occur over the next few hours on day of launch. The interactive graphical user interface (GUI) for this project was developed in

  2. Leadership Theory Taught in Air Force Distant Learning Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    the force, fundamental gaps in motivation could be an underlying cause. Sociability/ Charisma Sociability is the characteristic of a leader to be...underpin the development of our officer force. These leadership theories form the base of our leader training and drive future leader behavior. Aspects of...force. These leadership theories form the base of our leader training and drive future leader behavior. Aspects of leadership and management will

  3. United States Air Force Annual Financial Statement 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective means of valuing such materiel. 1.N. Investments in U.S. Treasury...obsolete, and unserviceable inventory and OM&S at a net realizable value of $0 pending development of an effective means of valuing such material...Acquisition Cost NRV = Net Realizable Value MAC = Moving Average Cost SP = Standard Price LCM = Lower of Cost or Market AC = Actual Cost O = Other

  4. Air Force Electronic Systems Center: Reorganization Resulted in Workforce Reassignments at Hanscom Air Force Base, but Other Possible Effects Are Not Yet Known

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    Officer VERA/VSIP Voluntary Early Retirement Authority/Voluntary Separation Incentive Payments This is a work of the U.S. government and is not...force, Hanscom Air Force Base officials used three rounds of the Voluntary Early Retirement Authority/Voluntary Separation Incentive Payments (VERA...by early retirement , voluntary retirement, or resignation. The Homeland Security Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-296, §1313(b), authorized these

  5. 77 FR 62221 - Renewal of the Board of Visitors of the U.S. Air Force Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-12

    ... of the U.S. Air Force Academy AGENCY: DoD. ACTION: Renewal of Federal Advisory Committee. SUMMARY... notice that it is renewing the charter for the Board of Visitors of the U.S. Air Force Academy (hereafter... provide independent advice and recommendations on matters relating to the U.S. Air Force Academy,...

  6. Air Force Achieves Fuel Efficiency through Industry Best Practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-12-01

    The U.S. Air Force’s Air Mobility Command (AMC) is changing the way it does business. It is saving energy and money through an aircraft fleet fuel-efficiency program inspired by private industry best practices and ideas resulting from the empowered fuel savings culture.

  7. Resilient Airmen: Pacific Air Forces’ Critical Enabler

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    charged with seeking 11innovation that maxi - mizes the use of Total Force resources.൘ Equipping our forces with these new systems and capabilities in...know others, and know your en- vironment. This awareness includes strengths, resources, and assets at your disposal, as well as weaknesses , problems

  8. A Course in Air Force Logistics History Since 1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    gravity of Allied forces 1000 miles from Morotai and Palaus, next stepping stones to Philippines --- Had to move forces to Netherlands New Guinea...inaccurate ---- Underestimated rainfall --- By Dec, planned to have 380 heavy bomber hardstands, only had 104 --- Shipping schedules so tight, decided

  9. 2008 Northwest Florida Water Management District (NWFWMD) Lidar: Eglin Air Force Base, Walton County, FL

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — In the summer of 2008, the Northwest Florida Water Management District collected lidar data over a portion of Walton County, FL (Eglin Air force Base) to support...

  10. (Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-10-01

    This report presents information concerning field procedures employed during the monitoring, well construction, well purging, sampling, and well logging at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Activities were conducted in an effort to evaluate ground water contamination.

  11. 76 FR 22083 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-20

    ... Diversity; an Ethics briefing; and Air Force Academy fiscal issues in relation to the reduction of.... Supporting documentation may also be included as needed to establish the appropriate historical context...

  12. Temporal Geophysical Investigations of the FT-2-Plume at the Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Oscoda, Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    The decommissioned Wurtsmith Air Force Base former Fire Training Cell (FT-02) facility has been the focus of several geophysical investigations. After several decades of fire training exercises, significant amounts of hydrocarbons and some solvents seeped into the subsurface cont...

  13. Report of Findings: Cold Bay Air Force Station (Grant Point) military contaminants: Fiscal year 1988 collections

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report summarizes our contaminants investigation at the abandoned Cold Bay Air Force Station (Station), located on the Izembek National Wildlife Refuge at Grant...

  14. Pneumonia Outbreak Caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae Among US Air Force Academy Cadets, Colorado, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Article 3. DATES COVERED (From – To) Sep 2013 – May 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Pneumonia Outbreak Caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae among US Air Force...October 2013–May 2014, there were 102 cases of pneumonia diagnosed in US Air Force Academy cadets. A total of 73% of tested nasal washes contained...Chlamydophila pneumoniae . This agent can be considered to be present on campus settings during outbreaks with numerous, seemingly disconnected cases of

  15. The F-22 Acquisition Program: Consequences for the US Air Force’s Fighter Fleet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    1997 QDR, the Air Force implemented a new con- struct for its deployable forces. By 2000 all operational fighter squad- rons had been grouped into...production cost estimate by 648. 14. Eric V. Larson , David T. Orletsky, and Kristin Leuschner, Defense Planning in a Decade of Change: Lessons from...17. Larson , Orletsky, and Leuschner, Defense Planning, 39. 18. General Accounting Office, Status of the Air Force’s Efforts to Replace the A-10

  16. Leveraging Advanced Technology in Army and Air Force Readiness and Sustainment Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    USAWC STRATEGY RESEARCH PROJECT LEVERAGING ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IN ARMY AND AIR FORCE READINESS AND SUSTAINMENT TRAINING by Kathy Lindsey Department...of Air Force Colonel Richard M. Meinhart Project Advisor The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not...necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or any of its agencies. U.S. Army War College CARLISLE

  17. No Winglets: What a Drag...Argument for Adding Winglets to Large Air Force Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    22134-5068 MASTER OF MILITARY STUDIES NO WINGLETS : WHAT A DRAG... ARGUMENT FOR ADDING WINGLETS TO LARGE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT ,SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL...currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 2008 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2008 to 00-00-2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE No Winglets ...What a Drag...Argument for Adding Winglets to Large Air Force Aircraft 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR

  18. Integrated Planning for the Air Force Senior Leader Workforce. Background and Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    Matters Office AFSLMO Air Force Senior Leader Management Office C2ISR command, control, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance CMDB Command...as follows, using proxies available in the Air Force’s Command Manpower Data Base ( CMDB ). 2 Size. Organizational size was defined as the number of...organization. 2 For the analysis reported here, we used the CMDB as of the end of FY 2002. 3 Given the wide variations found in organizational sizes, we

  19. Investigating Team Collaboration of an Air Force Research Event October 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    Joint Force Commander MARLO Marine Liaison Officer MIO Maritime Interdiction Operations MURI Multidisciplinary University Research...maritime interdiction operations ( MIO ) chat logs from three MIO exercises and air warfare audio transcripts from four different teams. A MIO is an...State University: Team Training Paradigm for Better CID . Retrieved on May 19, 2009 from Hwww.cerici.org Sirak, M. (2006). Air Force to Pick Contractor

  20. The Author’s Guide to Writing Air Force Flight Test Center Technical Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    can be used to identify special information in one cell. **A double asterisk can also be used to identify special information in one cell. Edwards... information in one cell. **A double asterisk can also be used to identify special information in one cell. Edwards Air Force Base Air Force Flight Test...All notes here apply to entire table. _____________________ *(U) An asterisk can be used to identify special information in one cell. **(U) A

  1. Air Force Research Laboratory Sensors Directorate Leadership Legacy, 1960-2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    State Uni- versity, Columbus, Ohio. In 1957, Dr. Ryles was employed as an aerospace engineer in the Air Force Powerplant Laboratory, Wright...from Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio. In 1957, Dr. Ryles was employed as an aerospace engineer in the Air Force Powerplant Laboratory, Wright...Millimeter Wave Ra- dar, and Scanning Antenna Design. Composed from biographical text provided by Dr. Bodnar. Sensors Director- ate archives 149

  2. Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    research quality and objectivity. Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps Nelson Lim, Louis T. Mariano, Amy G. Cox, David ...Louis T. Mariano, Amy G. Cox, David Schulker, Lawrence M. Hanser Prepared for the United States Air Force Approved for public release...career fields, 6 See Karen R. Humes , Nicholas A. Jones, and Roberto R. Ramirez, Overview of Race and

  3. Environmental Assessment: General Plan-Based Environmental Impact Analysis Process, Laughlin Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    BASED ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS LAUGHLIN AIR FORCE BASE, TEXAS AGENCY: 47th Flying Training Wing (FTW), Laughlin Air Force Base (AFB), Texas...activities that take place in a particular area and generally refers to human modification of land, often for residential or economic purposes. It also...is asphaltic and is generally not economical to drill. There are some small natural gas deposits being tapped in the northwest part of the county

  4. AIR FORCE1不完全手册VOL.1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    恰逢AIR FORCE1 25周年之际,鞋帮带您回顾25年间AIR FORCE1的点点滴滴。在这里,汇集了数百双25年来的经典鞋款,在今后的三期里,我们将会为您悉数呈现。

  5. The Search for a Permanent Home: Explaining the Organizational Instability of Air Force Rescue

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    general case study, the story of Air Force Rescue also suggests insights into organizational decision-making within the Air Force writ large...the skill and daring of the CSAR aircrews to do things like descend below a 100 foot cloud deck over a lake and wire hop to the objective, or fly...platforms. Rescue and SOF are two different missions that leverage different skills for different purposes.37

  6. Air Force Journal of Logistics: Spares Campaign 2002. Volume 26 Number 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-09-01

    Logistics Management Agency, or the organization where the author works. The Journal is a refereed journal. Manuscripts are subject to expert and peer...Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations and Logistics, and Mr Gunselman is a consultant , Dynamics Research Corporation ( DRC ), Directorate of...Management, Directorate of Supply Chain Integration, Air Force Deputy Chief of Staff, Installations and Logistics; and Mr Grehawick is a consultant, DRC

  7. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography, 2006-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    W. Dunmire. Mountain Wildflowers of the Southern Rockies: Revealing Their Natural History. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2007...Siegenthaler, Kenneth E. et al. "Nurturing Our Rocket Space Workforce at the United States Air Force Academy." Space 2005. Long Beach, California ...AIAA, 2005. 743. ---. "Nurturing Our Satellite Space Workforce at the United States Air Force Academy." Space 2005. Long Beach, California

  8. Quality Control Review of Air Force Audit Agency’s Special Access Program Audits

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-09

    22350-1500 December 9, 2014 MEMORANDUM FOR AUDITOR GENERAL, DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SUBJECT: Quality Control Review of Air Force Audit Agency’s...appropriate internal quality control system in place and undergo an external peer review at least once every three years by reviewers independent of the...in all matters relating to the audit work, the audit organization and the individual auditor whether government or public must be independent. AFAA

  9. Numerical Analysis of Magnetic Force of Dry-Type Air-Core Reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUZhi-gang; GENGYing-san; WANGJian-hua

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a coupled magnetic-circuit method for computing the magnetic force of air-core reactor under short-time current. The current and the magnetic flux density are computed first and then the magnetic force is obtained. Thus, the dynamic stability performance of air-core reactor can be analyzed at the design stage to reduce experimental cost and shorten the lead-time of product development.

  10. Air Force Research to Link Standards for Enlistment to On-the-Job Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-01

    This report describes Air Force research supporting the Joint-Service Job Performance Measurement/Enlistment Standards Project. This project has...selection and classification standards on-the- job performance . This report describes those relationships. A brief overview of the Air Force Job Performance Measurement...enlistment test scores, job experience, educational attainment, and hands-on job performance test scores. Additional analyses indicating the reliability and

  11. Environmental Assessment for Developing Renewable Energy Enhanced Use Lease Facilities at Robins Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-15

    and effluent is monitored for biological oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, coliform bacteria, pH, oil and grease, ammonia , metals, suspended...on Airports and Aviation. Airport Cooperative Research Program. ACRP Synthesis 28. United States Air Force (USAF). 2013. U.S. Air Force Energy...battlegrounds, and a variety of other structures from the period of recorded history in the region. Architectural resources include structures or districts

  12. Earth, Wind, and Fire: Elemental Properties of Army and Air Force Cooperation in Close Air Support, 1945-1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Syndrome : The Role of Air Power Theory in the Evolution and Fate of the U.S. Air Force (New Brunswick, New...New York: Penguin Group, 2005), 29. 5 Neil Sheehan , A Fiery Peace in a Cold War: Bernard Schriever and the Ultimate Weapon (New York, New York...Vintage Books, 2009), 85. 6 Gaddis, The Cold War, 28. 7 Sheehan , A Fiery Peace in a Cold War, 86. 8 Harry S. Truman, “NSC‐68” (Executive

  13. No Sense in Dwelling on the Past?: The Fate of the US Air Force’s German Air Force Monograph Project, 1952-69

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    107 E SELECTED MONOGRAPHS . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS . . . . 119 DRAMATIS PERSONAE ...Strategic Bombing Survey Wehrmacht German armed forces during the Nazi era 120 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMS 121 Dramatis Personae American Angell...Luftwaffe’s Agility: An Assessment of Rele- vant Concepts and Practices.” Paper presented at the bien - nial Air Power Conference. Hendon, UK, 20 July 2006

  14. Aerosol properties and radiative forcing for three air masses transported in Summer 2011 to Sopot, Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rozwadowska, Anna; Stachlewska, Iwona S.; Makuch, P.; Markowicz, K. M.; Petelski, T.; Strzałkowska, A.; Zieliński, T.

    2013-05-01

    Properties of atmospheric aerosols and solar radiation reaching the Earth's surface were measured during Summer 2011 in Sopot, Poland. Three cloudless days, characterized by different directions of incoming air-flows, which are typical transport pathways to Sopot, were used to estimate a radiative forcing due to aerosols present in each air mass.

  15. The Imperative to Integrate Air Force Command and Control Systems into Maritime Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    accurate surface picture and an institutionally joint culture , the E-8C is ideally suited and al- ready vetted to complement the sea services’ own... ZULU .” July–August 2014 Air & Space Power Journal | 116 Dalman, Kopp, & Redman Air Force Command and Control Systems in Maritime Plans Feature 18

  16. 78 FR 70540 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-26

    ... mission sets such as security forces, civil engineering and science and technology. --Testimony from the... Security, and Defense Support to Civil Agencies. This will include implications for the structure of the... rooted in the American militia heritage and the history of the Air Force since 1947. This discussion...

  17. 78 FR 10608 - David Grant United States Air Force Medical Center Specialty Care Travel Reimbursement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    ... demonstration would be initially conducted at DGMC and its satellite clinic, the McClellan Clinic (MCC) as well... also operates the McClellan satellite clinic (MCC) in Sacramento. This satellite clinic offers an... Force Base (AFB) is currently a 116-bed facility and fulfills a key role in the Air Force...

  18. A US Air Force Strategy for Africa (Drew Paper, Number 7)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    productivity costs of $ billion.5 This variability in climate will complicate air operations in Africa, while the disease profile of the continent makes...making their experience especially instructive. This similarity comes from “a planning environment characterized by chronic resource constraints...Seventeenth Air Force AOC to reflect its operational envi- ronment. Specifically, among the five divisions in the AOC, the Air Mobility Division ( AMD ) and

  19. The impact of international shipping on European air quality and climate forcing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    van Aardenne, J. [European Environment Agency (EEA), Copenhagen (Denmark); Colette, A. [INERIS (France); Degraeuwe, B.; de Vlieger, I. [VITO (Belgium); Hammingh, P. [PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Netherlands); Viana, M. [CSIC (Spain)

    2013-03-15

    This EEA Technical report provides an overview on the state of knowledge on the impact of international shipping in European waters to air quality and climate change. Based on literature review and model assessment studies information is provided on past and future emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases, monitoring of ship emissions, emission mitigation policies and impact on European air quality and radiative forcing. (Author)

  20. The Strengthening of the Colombian Air Force: An Effective Strategy on the Road to Negotiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janiel Melamed Visbal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses how the strengthening of the Colombian Air Force since the beginning of the new millennium, resulted in the military weakening of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP. These circumstances, along with the overall strengthening of the national security forces allowed to develop the proper conditions to initiate a set of peace talks between the most remarkable insurgent organization and the Colombian State, in very different conditions from previous experiences.

  1. Organizing for the Future: Aligning U.S. Air Force Cyber Support with Mission Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    MAJCOM Commanders, memorandum, 7 June 2006. 8 Laura M. Colarusso , “The Deepest Cuts: USAF To Let Go of Hundreds of Planes, Thousands of Airmen” Defense...M. Colarusso and Rod Hafemeister, “Forced cuts - Air Force leaders plan to drop 40,000 airmen, civilians over 6 years, starting in 2006,” Air Force...Blue. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. Colarusso , Laura M. “The Deepest Cuts: USAF To Let Go of Hundreds of Planes, Thousands of Airmen

  2. Improving Air Force Command and Control Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Planning, Execution, Monitoring, and Control Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    assess, plan, execute [ MAPE ] model) are an integral part of Air Force enterprise and joint command and control capability. In the revised copy of Air...operations. 2 Similar in construct, the Air Force uses the MAPE model when discussing ACS processes. 3 In the revised copy of AFDD 1, dated November 12, 2010...MAJCOM major command xliv Improving Air Force C2 Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Processes MAJCOM/CC commander, major command MAPE monitor, assess

  3. AIR FORCE 1二十五周年庆典

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    继AIDAS SUPERSTAR 35TH之后,NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年对于体育潮流界来说是不能忽视的重要事件!以NIKE传奇设计师Bruce Kilgore为核心的创作团队也致力让NIKE AIR FORCE1在25周年之际让它更加放射光芒!NIKE AIR FORCE1 25周年不仅包含了纪念意义,也包含了NIKE对于业界的野心和期望。随后发表的一系列NIKE AF1 25周年别注将代表NIKE最高级设计和制作工艺。据悉,之后每款NIKE AIR FORCE别注都将拍摄特别短片!

  4. The Chinese Air Force: Evolving Concepts, Roles, and Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Air and Cosmos [Paris], May 6, 2011, 16–17. 144 Ibid. 145 Nick Eftimiades, Chinese Intelligence Operations (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press...http://en.rian.ru/analysis/20101229/161986565. html>; Nathan Hodge , “China’s J–20 Fighter: Stealthy or Just Stealthy Looking?” The Wall Street Journal

  5. Environmental Assessment, Project MOUNTAINVIEW Facility, Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    by East 40th Avenue. The undeveloped parcel is part of the Gateway Park development, which is composed of 1,300 acres of office, hotel , retail...60 Air conditioning unit (20 feet) Intrusive 70 Noisy restaurant or freeway traffic Telephone use difficult 80 Alarm clock (2 feet) Annoying 90

  6. United States Air Force Infrastructure Energy Strategic Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    sponsored Industry Companies ( ESCOs ) and utility providers Forums • American Public/Local Community • Print and broadcast media, industry trade shows App~n...Protection Agency BCE Base Civil Engineer EPAct Energy Policy Act of 2005 BLCC Building Life Cycle Cost ESCO Energy Services Company United States Air

  7. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Aircraft Replacement, 507th Tactical Air Control Wing, Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    7=1r LUIB MUM= 1ý14 . I.’D 󈨚 1 :-•.HC,• Tý4-7 DI-U’F_1 LAHILF__’ PFE ; ...4• - C, significant impact on the management of hazardous wraterfals, the...Detachment 1372, Air Force Audit Agency; the 2020th Information Systems Squadron; Field Training Detachment 307; and Detachment 9, Tactical

  8. Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicle Wing Manufacture and Force Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-03

    include: stroke amplitude, wing beat frequency, wing angle of attack, stroke plane angle, downstroke/upstroke ratio, wing tip trajectory and timing for...Analogous to the Magnus effect 9 (production of lift by surface rotation), it was found that the lift force peaked at the termination of the half

  9. Air Force Research Laboratory’s 2006 Technology Milestones

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    the model to different aerodynamic orientations, propeller speeds, nacelle angles, and blade angles. The researchers also performed forced...based cloud profiling radar and light detection and ranging ( lidar ), radiosondes, satellite imagery, and a surface observer collected data throughout...more than 26 different 3-hour cirrus episodes occurring between February and December. Radar and lidar data specified the top and base altitudes of

  10. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: Tactical Airlift

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    29. Hist, 13th AF, Jul I-Dec 31, 1963, 1st Spec Forces Gp (Airb), subj: Re- 1, 1-12; rprt, Lt Col Garth L. Reynolds . quest for Doctrinal Information...author. subj: Operation Junction City, 32 and 33-40, Apr 21, 1967; rprt, Apr 72; intvw, author with Maj Jessie 196th Light Inf Bde, AAR Junction City, H

  11. Role of Air Force Special Operations in Foreign Internal Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    forces in maintaining inter- Japan. and the newly Industrialized nal stability to promote an environment countries of Asia-have prompted a conducive to...can detract from the menta.’ legitimacy of the state. The Salvadoran The necessity to maintain the fragile Organizacion DemocratIca Nacionallsta

  12. Evaluation of Sulfide Control by Air-Injection in Sewer Force Mains: Field and Laboratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan T. García

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Chemical and biological processes consume dissolved oxygen (DO in urban wastewater during transportation along sewer systems. Anaerobic conditions (DO < 0.2 mg/L are easily reached, leading to sulfide (S2− generation. Release of free sulfide, hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S, from the liquid to the gaseous phase, causes odor, corrosion of pipes and supposes a risk for health of people working in sewers. These issues get worse in force mains, due to inability to take oxygen from the gaseous phase of pipe. Air injection is a suggested practice to control H2S emission in force mains. That technique aims to keep aerobic conditions in wastewater in order to avoid sulfide generation and favor a decrease of Biochemical Organic Demand (BOD. However, several force mains with air injection are not achieving their goals due to a limited oxygen transfer. Field measurements of dissolved oxygen in urban wastewater are presented in an existing force main with air injection during the summer of 2014 in the southeast of Spain. A laboratory scale model is constructed to quantify two-phase flow conditions in pipe due to air injection for different incoming flows rates of water and air. Particularly, for the case of plug flow, also known as elongated bubble flow. Velocity field measurement of water phase in laboratory allows estimating turbulent diffusivity of oxygen in the water, Em, and inter-phase mass transfer coefficient KL(T. In the laboratory, flow and air depth, bubble length, water velocity field, pressure inside force main and water and airflow rates are determined experimentally. These variables are used to assess DO in water phase of force main by comparison with those obtained from field measurements. This work allows assessing air injection efficiency in wastewater, and, therefore, to predict DO in wastewater in force mains.

  13. Study on forced air convection cooling for electronic assemblies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The slotted fin concept was employed to improve the air cooling performance of plate-fin in heat sinks.Numerical simulations of laminar heat transfer and flow pressure drop were conducted for the integral plate fin,discrete plate fin and discrete slotted fin heat sinks.It is found that the performance of the discrete plate fin is better than that of the integral continuum plate fin and the performance of slotted fin is better than that of the discrete plate fin at the same pumping power of the fan.A new type of heat sink characterized by discrete and slotted fin surfaces with thinner fins and smaller spaces between fins is then proposed.Preliminary computation shows that this type of heat sink may be useful for the next generation of higher thermal load CPUs.The limit of cooling capacity for air-cooling techniques was also addressed.

  14. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Consolidated Warehouse, Hill Air Force Base, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    pavements are identified, they would be properly handled during the demolition and construction process. Operational activities would generate the same...historic properties is extremely low . However, if any such properties are found during construction, ground-disturbing activities in the immediate...gas, and improve the capture of particulates during painting and abrasive blasting operations (in compliance with the base’s Title V air quality

  15. Probable Impacts of Space Operations on Air Force Civil Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    University, Air Command and Staff College, Research Report). Bierling , James R ., Space Operations Professional Development Guide, Maxwell AFB, Alabama, April...basing containerized payloads self ferry Table S. NASP Technical Challenges and Confidence Factors4 1986 1988 1990 Airframe Structures and Materials R ...Y B Thermal Management Y G B Flight Vehicle Integration R G G Inlet/Nozzle Performane R Y 6 Slush Hydrogen Y Y 6 Propulsion Ramjet Y 6 B Scramjet

  16. Motivation a Necessary Personnel Management Tool in the Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-05-01

    psychologists has written on the subject of job motivation. Some greats such as Abraham H. Maslow, Douglas McGregor, and Frederick Herzberg have become... Frederick Herzberg , Instructor 7. Herzberg , Frederick . Work and the Nature of Man. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company, 1966 8. Air Command and Staff...Individuals , such as Maslow, McGregor, Herzberg , Likert, Vroom, Argyris, and others tried to formulate theories to "explain the complex behavior of

  17. Environmental Assessment: Installation Development at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Residential Area (South Leon Valley) 67.5 SD08 Residential Area (Huebner and Bandera Roads) 64.5 SD09 Residential Area (South O.P. Schnabel Park) 62.3...most of the winter. Southeasterly winds from the Gulf of Mexico are predominant in the summer but also occur frequently during the winter. The...Air Quality Control Region (AQCR Number 217), which includes Atascosa, Bandera , Bexar, Comal, Dimmit, Edwards, Frio, Gillespie, Guadalupe, Karnes

  18. Myrtle Beach Air Force Base Community Redevelopment Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    senior citizen cultural programs and uses. " The opportunity exists at MBAFB to encourage a high-quality destination resort with first-class lodging...one which has several subareas within the entire facility which are built up around themes. As an example, Disneyland has areas such as Fantasyland and...Archaeological Historic Sites ’-- ( Cultural Resources Analysis, May, 1980) fo,,2 Installation Restoration Program Sites (Source: Myrtle Beach Air

  19. Validation of the Air Force Weather Agency Ensemble Prediction Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-27

    to deterministic models. Results from ensemble weather input into operational risk management ( ORM ) destruction of enemy air defense simulations...growth during the analysis period (Toth and Kalnay, 1993; Toth and Kalnay, 1997). From this framework the ensemble transform bred vector, ensemble...features. Each of its 10 members is run independently using different configurations in the framework of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF

  20. Parametric Estimation of Load for Air Force Data Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-27

    optimization of data center ( electrical ) power, (network) ping, and ( cooling ) pipes. It has perhaps been the prevalence of Moore’s Law, popularly thought of...Force Base-level data centers. Review of commercial literature on data center design found emphasis in power efficiency, thermal modeling and cooling ...virtual machines for CPUs. The duration of these requests is a random variable, related to the myriad of enterprise applications being used. Load is

  1. America’s Air Force: A Call to the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    office. However, I know the issues will last beyond my tenure and are therefore woven into the key themes and vectors contained in this document...importance of airpower now and well into the future, this paper details our core missions and how—through the skill, commitment, dedication, and...dangerous future were gathering. Then, like now , some things were crystal clear. Among them, that force will remain an essential component of

  2. Airmen First: Shaping the Expeditionary Air Force for Counterinsurgency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    comparison to the ancient Roman Empire known as Pax Romana , Boot selects these words to justify the extensive deployment of American military forces...ideology, or social identity based on race, religion , or ethnicity. Whatever the issue, it impacts a broad swath of the population across the breadth of...colony where the residue of empire still persists. Often viewed as foreign by virtue of race, religion , or ethnicity, the established regime usually

  3. Trenchard and his Air Force Thinking%特伦查德的空军思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄玉军

    2011-01-01

    Trenchard was a well-known British military thinkers,the founder of the British Royal Air Force-the first independent air force in the early 20th century.Strategic delay and independent air force theory was his basic idea about Air Force in battle.These thoughts had ever made tremendous impact on the air force construction and battle theory in British and even in the world.%特伦查德是20世纪初英国著名的军事家、世界上第一支独立空军———英国皇家空军的创始人。其关于空军作战使用的基本思想是战略阻滞和独立空军思想,这些思想对英国乃至世界的空军建设和作战理论产生过巨大影响。

  4. The Air Force Air Program and Information Management System (APIMS): A flexible tool for managing your Title V Operating Permits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weston, A.A.; Gordon, S.R.

    1999-07-01

    The Air Force Command Core System (CCS) is an integrated, activity-based risk management system designed to support the information needs of Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health (ESOH) professionals. These professionals are responsible for managing a complex and often dynamic set of requirements, and therefore, have a need for an information system that can readily be customized to meet their specific needs. This dynamic environment also drives the need for flexibility in the system. The Air Program Information Management System (APIMS) is a module within CCS designed to not only manage permit compliance and emission inventories, but also support the monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements related to air quality issues. This paper will describe the underlying foundation of CCS, the information linkages within the database, and then summarize the functionality available within the APIMS module to support the Air Quality Managers' information needs, placing emphasis on the flexibility the system provides to manage Title V Operating Permits.

  5. Building Sustainability into the Air Force Remediation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-16

    Technology  GSR Through Optimization  In-depth Case Study : Travis AFB  Necessary  Optimization  GSR Treatment Train  In situ Bioreactor...y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e Case Study : Travis AFB 12 Goals  Out of necessity  Reduce energy consumption, air emissions, material... Phytoremediation Biobarrier  Wrap-up  Future Direction 2 I n t e g r i t y - S e r v i c e - E x c e l l e n c e AF Environmental Restoration

  6. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    ute Field, Ill, c. 12 Jul 1917; Garden \\ City, NY, 4 Nov-4 Dec 1917; St Maiz - .- ent, France, i Jan 1918; Tours, France, 24 Jan 1918; St Gervais...AAFId, SD, 3 May 1947; Amarillo AFB, Tex, 2o Feb 718th BOMBARDMENT 196o-1 Feb 1963. AcRAFr. B-2 4 , 1943-1945; B-1 7 , 1945; B-2 9 , 1946--195; B- 3...AFB, Utah, 23 Dec 1953; nines; Rhineland; Central Europe; Po Blytheville AFB, Ark, 8 Oct 1955-8 Jan Valley; Air Combat, EAME Theater. 1958. Amarillo AFB

  7. Air Force Space Command: A Transformation Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    u soo, rate 1939.1 Wokrld War I saw the intr oduction ofd u ced o r p red icted to o ccu r so o n , create t c n l g e n a t c n a r a ,s b a i e a...erttay e 1W~, rd,"om adngteFuoe rIP ~ v~o ,’ elt ~a ~rod(abig:(m The Transformation itt Air Fitrce Space Cotmiaidr" Aitt hrirdge Uiiersity Press, 1r9r6). The

  8. Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Annual Report - Fiscal Year 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    A fourth central processing unit (CPI1) AEI RIl, study this problem..An interview technique plus peripherals has been intergrated into the was...imlprove’mc’nt in the quality of thce using the, c’ompjosite scores obicainc’d front [t-, % reiied offic-er fore’. S erv ies V ocatI ioena I %pl it ode ItattIer...Tpctrum of A ir Force uiavigation c’once’pts, de’sign ecf an e’xperimeutal ern Iev’es E xperts in eac’ vcatiocnal area will perocedeures learning task

  9. Operational Alternatives for Air Assault Forces in the 1990s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    in emergency. Attack helicopters will go after hostile ADA to strip it out as soon as a flight is fired upon. Smoke and deception measures are also... Assesment , Incl. 2, p. 9. Paraphraae, not verbatim. 43. 101st Assesnent, Incl. 2, pp. 9-10. 44. Richard S. otite, BG, US Deptment of the Army, Forces...Reforg9r 76, p. Ill-I. Ihdes is a classified docment. Only unclassified portions are cited or excerpted.) (here- after cited ’ l Assesment .) 45. R==(i

  10. Impact of blower performance on residential forced-air heating system performance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Phillips, B.G. [UNIES Ltd., Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    1998-10-01

    A Canadian association of electric utilities commissioned a study on Blower Efficiency in Domestic Heating Systems because furnace blowers have undesirable load characteristics for electrical utilities; their loads often peak coincident with utility system winter (heating) and summer (air-conditioning) peaks. The study examined air-handling technologies used in domestic furnaces, surveyed residential heating and cooling system installer practices, and measured air-handling performance of 71 existing forced-air heating systems installed between 1960 and 1994. This paper summarizes study findings, including changes in furnace airflows, static pressures, air-handling efficiencies, power requirements, and noise levels. It relates air-handling power requirements and airflows of new furnaces to furnace thermal efficiency.

  11. In-Well Air Stripping/Bioventing Study at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-30

    GROUND SURFACE " ^TT AIR LINE PIEZOMETER UPPER SCREEN WATER SAMPLING PROBE PACKER CONDUCTOR PIPE/AIR STRIPPING REACTOR LOWER SCREEN |—] SAND...calibrated according to the manufacturer’s directions using the provided calibration sleeve, and the electrolyte and membrane were replaced as needed

  12. A review of Air Force high efficiency cascaded multiple bandgap solar cell research and development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahilly, W. P.

    1979-01-01

    At the time of their conception, the cell stack systems to be discussed represent the best semiconductor materials combinations to achieve Air Force program goals. These systems are investigated thoroughly and the most promising systems, from the standpoint of high efficiency, are taken for further development with large area emphasized (at least 4 sq cm). The emphasis in the Air Force cascaded cell program is placed on eventual nonconcentrator application. This use of the final cell design considerably relieves the low resistance requirements for the tunnel junction. In a high concentration application the voltage drop across the tunnel junction can be a very serious problem.

  13. Environmental Assessment of the Realignment of Units at McChord Air Force Base, Washington

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-07-01

    McChord AFB (Department of the Air Force 1986). 3.2.4 Water Resources Clovis Creek and Morey Creek are the primary surface water features at McChord AFB...Morey Creek originates at Spanaway Lake east of the base and merges Swith Clovis Creek at n the eastern portion of the base. Clovis Creek has been...estimated at $166.5 million (Department of the Air Force 1988). 3.2.8 Cultura - Resources In the area within and adjacent to McChord AFB, there is evidence

  14. Predicting Active Duty Air Force Pilot Attrition Given an Anticipated Increase in Major Airline Pilot Hiring

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    the post???Vietnam War pilot exodus . Using logistic regression analysis and focusing on active duty Air Force pilots in the first three years...hiring that resembles the late 1990s surge, in which the Air Force endured its largest loss of pilots since the post–Vietnam War pilot exodus . Using...required). However, a large exodus of active duty 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 15,000 16,000 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 To ta

  15. Supporting the Future Total Force. A Methodology for Evaluating Potential Air National Guard Mission Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    CIRF centralized intermediate repair facility CMDB Consolidated Manpower Database CMS component maintenance squadron COCOM combatant command COMAFFOR...strength.htm. 6 Roughly 83,854, or 23 percent. See Consolidated Manpower Database ( CMDB ), as of September 30, 2004. Data file provided by the Air Force...16,191 3,660 5,788 11,878 Total authorizations 35,315 12,831 12,394 21,105 SOURCE: CMDB as of September 30, 2004. Data file provided by the Air Force

  16. Nike Air Force 1 Hi Hyperfuse Prm完美整合

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    铁铁

    2011-01-01

    耐克(Nike)推出新款Nike Air Force 1 Hi Hyperfuse Prm运动鞋,将三种不同的材料融于一体,达到轻盈、透气的运动效果。同时将外在的色彩与内在的优越相结合,以崭新的运动美感整合NIKE Air Force 1的招牌鞋型,

  17. Force measurements in positive unipolar wire-to-plane corona discharges in air

    CERN Document Server

    de Haan, V O

    2004-01-01

    Measurements of force generated by a positive unipolar wire-to-plane corona discharge in air are compared with numerical simulations. The generated force does not depend on the ion or electron mobilities, preventing the influence of uncertainty and variation of these parameters. A method is described to simulate the voltage and charge distribution for a wire-to-plane set-up. This method enables the determination of the transition between unipolar and bipolar discharges. In the experimental set-up breakdown electric field of air reduces with increasing discharge current.

  18. Environmental Assessment Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS) Operations Facility, Beale Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    to: USAF_2014_0410_001 Gregory S. Capra , P.E., LEED AP Deputy Base Civil Engineer Department of the Air Force Headquarters 9th Mission Support...Facility, Main Base District, Beale Air Force Base, Yuba County Dear Mr. Capra : Thank you for initiating consultation regarding the United States...Reply Refer lo: 08ESM.l󈧄- 20l4-I-0371 Gregory S. Capra Deputy Base Civil Engineer 9 CES/CD 6601 B Street FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE Sacramento

  19. Environmental Impact Statement. Disposal and Reuse of Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    Boom Impact Technology, Human Systems Division, Air Force Systems Command, Brooks Air Force B&se, Texas 78235-5000. Frerichs, R.R., B.L. Beeman , and A.H...regarding the People is niehigee. bes-t "it acot. fTm truly. ty o -~~ c - ~ tm~w; "isgl matte ass Donald W. niews*. Jr.. Jam" Muscle. Cart Lewis. lPreeldeet...Honorable Donald Riegle U.S. House of Representatives The Honorable James Barcia The Honorable Joseph Knollenberg State of Michigan Officials Governor

  20. Analysis and Environmental Fate of Air Force Distillate and High Density Fuels

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    the program, D. Thomas and C. Beeman for obtaining and interpreting the GC-MS data, and D. L. Haynes for his technical assistance throughout the program...practical. 6 About two-thirds of the way through this project, data were received from Major Donald Potter, U.S. Air Force, Wright-Patterson AFB. lajor...identifications were confirmed by compating the Kovats indexes with those compiled by Major Donald D. Potter, U.S. Air Force. Tables 5 through 7 list the major

  1. Final Environmental Assessment for the Disposal of the Former Lynn Haven Fuel Depot, Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    property has been deemed excess to Air Force needs, the Air Force cannot lease the property under the Military Leasing Act, 10 USC 2667, in lieu of...transfer by deed. However, if necessary, the Air Force could temporarily lease the property prior to final property conveyance. In September 2008...The planned development of the 40-acre FSU parcel for use as a satellite FSU campus is consistent with the current land use classification . A

  2. A Search for Warriors: The Effects of Technology on the Air Force Ethos

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-01

    of soma cures ten gloomy. — Aldous Huxley Brave New World Change In The Air Global Engagement Following the 1996 Fall CORONA1 the Air Force...history is bunk. � Aldous Huxley The Nature Of Conflict: Predatory Vs. Intraspecific Aggression Predatory: A Struggle For Survival Why do men go to...all drug the government gave the citizens of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World to solve their problems (the “gloomys.”) In so doing the government

  3. The Air Force’s Individual Mobilization Augmentee Program: Is the Current Organizational Structure Viable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Lt Gen George E. Stratemeyer, commander of Air Defense Command, assigned reservists to key command positions for training as understudies and...Management, 10 December 2001, http://www .e-publishing.af.mil/shared/ media /epubs/AFI36-2629.pdf; and Readiness Management Group, Readiness Management Group...Individual Reserve Guide [Robins AFB, GA: Air Force Reserve Command, March 2008], http://www.afrc.af.mil/shared/ media /document /AFD-080408-050.pdf

  4. Environmental Assessment for BRAC Facilities and Remote Field Training Site, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Pensacola Naval Air Station , Florida 5. Sensors Directorate (AFRL/SN) presently located at Rome Laboratories, New York, and Hanscom Air Force Base (AFB...A water bladder would be used in warm weather and stored empty in the storage building during cold weather . At least 12 storage lockers would be...Facilities EA WPAFB Affected Environment March 2008 32 raspberry (Rubus spp.), multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora), and sumac (Rhus spp.). Areas

  5. Organizational Policy Levers Can Effect Acquisition Reform Implementation in Air Force Repair Contracts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    an Air Logistics Center and a Product Center, John Ausink, Laura H. Baldwin, Sarah Hunter, and Chad Shirley, RAND, DB-388-AF, 2002, which can be...Performance-Based Contracting in the Air Force: A Report on Experiences in the Field, John Ausink, Frank Camm, and Charles Cannon, RAND, DB-342-AF, 2001...change within private- sector firms argues that a key element to instituting such transfor- mation is leadership support (Strebel, 1996; Katzenbach

  6. Funding Cyberspace: The Case for an Air Force Venture Capital Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    Additionally, an Air Force– branded VCI would likely attract additional private capital for technological advancement. The service can in fact innovate...previously caught in the valley between basic R&D funding and an acquisition program of record. Recognition of the Air Force brand , combined with VC business...Innovation,” Intel Corporation, accessed 4 April 2013, http:// www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/history/ museum -gordon-moore-law.html. 3. Capt Michael E

  7. Military Man in Space: A History of Air Force Efforts to Find a Manned Space Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-02-01

    name and complete title of the study. This document may be reproduced for use in other researca reports or educacional pursuits contingent upon the...of the USAAF, began space biological research at Holloman Army Air Field in New Mexico . (26:57) By 1952 the United States Air Force began usinr.g...New Mexico , July-December, 1961. CONF..DENTlAL. Classified by Multiple Sources. Declassify on OADR. Unclassified information only used from this source

  8. Proclaiming Airpower: Air Force Narratives and American Public Opinion from 1917 to 2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    spaceship could be built in the near future. It is telling that the same year that the RAND Corporation (the brain- child of Arnold and Douglas...Icarus Syndrome : The Role of Air Power Theory in the Evolution and Fate of the U.S. Air Force, New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Publishers, 1994. 9...told with the intention of creating an effect in a particular audience.15 A coherent narrative has clear and natural movement from beginning to middle

  9. Environmental Assessment - Construct a Ground-to-Air Transmitter and Receiver (GATR) Facility at Grand Forks Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-06

    herbaceous plants. Included in the grasses and legumes vegetation species are tall wheat grass, brome grass, Kentucky bluegrass, sweet clover, and...grass, switchgrass, blue gramma, buffalo grass, and many native wildflower species. The Grand Forks AFB Natural Resources Manager and volunteers...Inventory and the BS Bioserve biological inventory update for Grand Forks Air Force Base. Two rare orchid species are known to exist on Grand Forks

  10. Environmental Assessment for the Hercules Tanker Plane Recapitalization at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    377TH AIR BASE WING (AFMC) 2000 Wyoming Blvd SE Suite E-3 Kirtland AFB NM 87117-5000 Governor Michael Toledo Pueblo of Jemez P.O. Box 100 Jemez...Pueblo NM 87024 RE: Recapitalization of the Hercules Tanker Fleet Dear Governor Toledo APR ’"I 2011 The United States Air Force’s Air Combat Command...violations, please contact one or more of the following: the City of Albuquerque ( Victor Bessrra) at 505- 768-2629, email at RPOrtega@cabq.gov; FAA

  11. Design and Development of an Enlisted Force Management System for the Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Manager Progression Grm,,r CFG Career Field Group CJR Career Job Reservation CMDB Command Manpower Database (file) CPG Career Progression Group CONUS...resulting authorizations are stored in the Command Manpower Database ; CMDB ). Ideally they would become the targets for the personnel prograliiners and...FP data and the latest CMDB to produce itb projections. Thus, it combines the currency of the F’DP with the "I lhe Air Forci, rpcently chanrged the

  12. Changing the balance of power – Worldwide air force`s capability turbulences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel NEČAS

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In past Century, the air power had undergone a significant journey. In its humble beginnings during WWI an airplane proved itself a perspective and highly capable new weapon. WWII demonstrated the importance of air superiority for waging a global warfare. The Cold War mastered technologies enabling air power to be not only a weapon a mass destruction but also a surgical tool. On one hand, an aircraft has become a state of art technology, yet on the other hand a cost for its development, procurement, and servicing grew into an astronomic levels. Therefore, since mid 1970s there have been trends to shift airpower from quantity into quality, which has gained a new moment with the end of the Cold War. Starting with the first Gulf War, in past two decades demonstrated a growing importance of a multirole fighter aircraft that is able to carry out a full specter of missions for minimal costs. When analyzing five most potent airpowers of the 21st century, we can witness that this is the trend is on and it will surely continue in future.

  13. Predator Force Structure Changes at Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field, Nevada Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-07-01

    the North Las Vegas Library (Main Branch), the Indian Springs Library, and online at www.cevp.com and www.nellis.af.mil. A Notice of Availability...USGS (U.S. Geological Survey). 2001. Online Table of Seismic Hazards. http://geohazards.cr.usgs.gov/eq/faults/fsrpage11.html Predator Force...Sincerely, __ ~~~-~ Heather K. Elliott Nevada State Clearinghouse/ SPOC NEVADA STATE CLEARINGHOUSE Department of Administration Budget and Planning

  14. Aviation Security Force Assistance: Joint General Purpose Forces as Air Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    David E. Thaler et al., Building Partner Health Capacity with U.S. Military Forces: Enhancing AFSOC Health Engagement Missions (Santa Monica, CA: RAND...language, and diplomacy.” 36 Similarly, the advisor must be careful to avoid demonstrating frustration with host nation personnel and must be...Africa. 12 USAFRICOM conducted the first APF event in Accra, Ghana in March, 2012, with participation of service members from Ghana , Togo, Benin

  15. Period Prevalence of Acute Neck Injury in US Air Force Pilots Exposed to High G Forces

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-06-01

    unquantified clinical and epidemiological problem in exposed pilots. There has been a paucity of research in this area. This proposal is a beginning, with a...larg-e majority of pilots. Thus neck injury and its sequelae are unquantified clinical and epidemiological problems in pilots exposed to high G forces...Basal Impression 19. Cervical Ribs 20. Scoliosis , 21. Intraspongy Nuclear Hernitation 22. Significant Compression or Loss of Height of Any Vertebral

  16. Force Measurements of Single and Double Barrier DBD Plasma Actuators in Quiescent Air

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskinson, Alan R.; Hershkowitz, Noah; Ashpis, David E.

    2008-01-01

    We have performed measurements of the force induced by both single (one electrode insulated) and double (both electrodes insulated) dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators in quiescent air. We have shown that, for single barrier actuators, as the electrode diameter decreased below those values previously studied the induced Force increases exponentially rather than linearly. This behavior has been experimentally verified using two different measurement techniques: stagnation probe measurements of the induced flow velocity and direct measurement of the force using an electronic balance. In addition, we have shown the the induced force is independent of the material used for the exposed electrode. The same techniques have shown that the induced force of a double barrier actuator increases with decreasing narrow electrode diameter.

  17. Comparisons of Force Measurement Methods for DBD Plasma Actuators in Quiescent Air

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoskinson, Alan R.; Hershkowitz, Noah; Ashpis, David E.

    2009-01-01

    We have performed measurements of the force induced by both single (one electrode insulated) and double (both electrodes insulated) dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators in quiescent air. We have shown that, for single barrier actuators with cylindrical exposed electrodes, as the electrode diameter decrease the force efficiencies increase much faster than a previously reported linear trend. This behavior has been experimentally verified using two different measurement techniques: stagnation probe measurements of the induced flow velocity and direct measurement of the force using an electronic balance. Actuators with rectangular cross-section exposed electrodes do not show the same rapid increase at small thicknesses. We have also shown that the induced force is independent of the material used for the exposed electrode. The same techniques have shown that the induced force of a double barrier actuator increases with decreasing narrow electrode diameter.

  18. The United States Air Force Academy: a Bibliography 1972-1982

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-08-01

    Predicitive modeling of the academic performance of USAF Academic Preparatory School graduates at the USAF Academy. Thesis, Air Force Institute of Technology...Magarrell, Jack, 21, 223 597, 598, 603, 605, 607 maintenance , Academy, 54, 56, 364, resignation, 609, 610, 613 389 theft, 482, 587, 588 Malamute, 620

  19. Building Combat Strength through Logistics: Translating the New Air Force Logistics Concept of Operations into Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-31

    Monica, California, in May 87 to define an Air Force game plan for implementing CLOUT. (11:9-15) This effort was later superceded by the AFLOGCON...LOGISTS - - P/60 SYSTEM ADtMINLOGISflCS /Go.. READINESS I ADAM III If CENTER L ---- - - - -. THEATER MOBa Name, WTrU SBSS RE7TAIL WrA"i,0 SATELLITE USERS

  20. 33 CFR 334.560 - Banana River at Patrick Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banana River at Patrick Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.560 Section 334.560 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.560...

  1. Cognitive and Teaching Style Preferences of Officers Attending the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Instructor Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraska, Marie; Harris, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the cognitive style and teaching style preferences of instructors enrolled in the Reserve Officer Training Corps instructor course at the Academic Instructor School at Maxwell Air Force base. Sixty-five cases were examined for two research questions: (1) To what extent is there…

  2. Scientist and Engineer Career Patterns for Air Force Civilians and Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-04-01

    Wendy Campbell, Colonel T. Jan Cerveny, Mr. John Miner, and Mr. Scott Petroski . vii AU/ACSC/029/1999-04 Abstract Technology will play a critical role in...Commanding General of the Army Air Forces (AAF), General of the Army Henry Harley “Hap” Arnold, was integral in his decision to activate the AAF Scientific

  3. An Analysis of the Design-Build Delivery Approach in Air Force Military Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Budget projects awarded NLT 31 Mar 06. Congressional Insert Projects FY06 Congressional Insert projects awarded NLT 30 Sep 06 CWE/PA Ratio The sum of the...Pacific Air Forces (PACAF) (2004). Automated Civil Engineer System Project Management (ACES-PM) Desktop Reference Manual. Conifer CO: OLA

  4. Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps Indicators of Leadership Development in Undergraduate Military Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon, Christopher C.

    2013-01-01

    The selection and retention assessment process is dynamic. Dipboye, Smith, and Howell (1994) argued that the most influential portion of the final hiring process is the result of the interviewer's impression of the applicants. The Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps program is responsible for selecting, retaining and ultimately hiring…

  5. Evaluating Cadet Leadership Position at the U.S. Air Force Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Officer Development System PAR Prior Academic Record PEA Physical Education Average PITO Personal, Interpersonal , Team, Organizational ROC...positions (Kotter, 1990, p. 3; Cronin, 2011, p. 255). The Air Force perspective on leadership contains both inspirational and managerial interpersonal ...relationship between trait variables (e.g. intelligence, warmth , conformity) and subordinate and superior ratings of leadership behavior. The sample for

  6. Environmental Assessment. Increase Fuel Storage Capacity, Dover Air Force Base, Delaware

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    in 1998. Grasshopper Sparrow 2 Observed on Bergold Farm 16 July 2003 and in 1998. Great blue heron 2 Observed many times foraging along both Pipe...ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES Increase Fuels Capacity Dover Air Force Base, Delaware 28 calculations were derived from the same EPA software utilized to

  7. The Prevalence of Eating Disorders Within the Air Force Active Duty Female Nurse Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-08-14

    Garfinkel, 1980; Minuchin , 1970). The mental health of all Air Force nurses is critical to the mission they perform. It is well documented that once the...why? Doctoral Dissertation, University of Hawaii. Minuchin , S.. (1970). The use of an ecological framework in the treatment of a child. In: Anthony J

  8. Air Force Commodity Councils: A Template for Future Implementation Comparing Successful and Failed Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Purchasing, Transaction Cost Analysis, Transaction Cost Economics, Air Force, Supply Chain Management, Procurement, Transformation 16. PRICE CODE 17...SOURCING .............................................................................7 C. TRANSACTION COST ECONOMICS... Transaction Cost Economics xv ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Our sincere gratitude and appreciation goes out to our advisors, LtCol Bryan Hudgens and Professor

  9. Analyzing Commodity Council Development and Implementation: The Air Force Furnishings Commodity Council

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    13 1. Transaction Cost Economics .............................................................13 2. Agency Theory...Secretary of the Air Force (Contracting) SECDEF Secretary of Defense SET Social Exchange Theory SKU Stock Keeping Unit TCE Transaction Cost Economics...procurement processes and relationships. We summarized transaction cost economics, agency theory, institutional theory, social exchange theory, and

  10. Assessment of the Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization: Report for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Organization Design, Reading, Mass.: Addison Wesley Publishing Company, 1977; and Henry Mintzberg , The Structuring of Organizations: A Synthesis of the...many units reporting to the Electronic Systems Center were not collocated with the headquarters at Hanscom Air Force Base. 7 Mintzberg , 1979. 26...organizational design practitioners and scholars. According to Mintzberg , positions or workers that are grouped together typically share resources

  11. Environmental Impact Analysis Process. Environmental Impact Statement for the Closure of Mather Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-03-01

    the California Health and Safety Code). The Department would like to be informed of future activities and use plans associated with the Muther AFB...Page 2 cc: Lt. Col Richard Blank Chief, Environmental Management 323rd Flying Training Wing Mather Air Force Base, CA 95655-5000 Lt. Col. Jose Saenz

  12. Does the United States Air Force Academy’s Training Philosophy Really Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-17

    and the supervisor’s: (1) "goal emphasis", (2) " positive motivation " expressed, and (3) the absence of "harsh treatment". Significant (ja < .01...Abstracts International. Rosebush, M.A., & Bryant, C. (1984). Implementation of the positive motivation model. United States Air Force Academy: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership. 35

  13. Annotated Bibliography of the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Technical Reports--1979. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlow, Esther M.

    This annotated bibliography presents summaries of 81 reports on personnel and training research conducted by the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (AFHRL). Topics addressed include electronics, aeronautics, computers, mathematics, and operational research, as they relate to the selection, motivation, training, retention, education, utilization,…

  14. Environmental Assessment: 13th Street Bridge Emergency Repair and Retrofit Vandenberg Air Force Base California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-23

    23-1 Acres on Vandenberg Air Force Base. Robert 0. Gibson, Archaeologist, Paso Robles, California. Submitted toURS Corporation, Santa Barbara...Timbrook (editors). 1977. The Eye (?f the Flute: Chwnash Traditional History and Ritual, as told by Fernando Librado Kitsepmvit to John P. Harrington

  15. Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity, and Role Strain in United States Air Force Chief Nurse Administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Lirtzman. 1970, published in Adminitative Science Ouartrlv 12), p. 156. by permission of Administrative Science Ouarwri. Copyright @1970 by Cornell...76, Air Force Personnel Survey Program. b. Principal Purposes. The survey is being conducted to collect infor- mation to be used in research aimed at

  16. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Deactivation and Closure of Federal Prison Camp Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    shark . Other faunal remains represented in the Deptford middens include white-tail deer, gray squirrel, rabbit, opossum, rodents, striped skunk...chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and mercury . According to the U.S. Air Force, radon is not considered a concern in this area, and no testing has ever

  17. (Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-01

    This report presents information related to the sampling of ground water at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. It is part of an investigation into possible ground water contamination. Information concerns well drilling/construction; x-ray diffraction and sampling; soil boring logs; and chain-of-custody records.

  18. Desert Storm and the New American Way of War: Implications for Air Force 2030

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    8 Alexander Wendt , Social Theory of International Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 374...Alexander. Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Williams, Mel. Superfighters: The Next Generation...Internal Air Force choices, combined with external fiscal and social constraints, suggest a continuance of the current trend. The question is whether

  19. STEAM ENHANCED REMEDIATION RESEARCH FOR DNAPL IN FRACTURED ROCK, LORING AIR FORCE BASE, LIMESTONE, MAINE

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report details a research project on Steam Enhanced Remediation (SER) for the recovery of volatile organic compounds from fractured limestone that was carried out at the Quarry at the former Loring Air Force Base in Limestone, Maine. This project was carried out by USEPA, Ma...

  20. Keeping the Edge. Air Force Materiel Command Cold War Context (1945-1991). Volume 3: Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-01

    485 The Architects Collaborative (Harvard University) see Gropius , Walter , under Architects and Engineers, across the Department of Defense The...Sons (Newark, New Jersey) Volume II: 250 Graham, Anderson, Probst & White (Chicago) Volume II: 392, 455, 460, 461,475 Gropius , Walter ...models for Air Force research and development centers Gropius , Walter (The Architects Collaborative) see Architects and Engineers, across the

  1. Design of a Prototype Microcomputer Driven Training Device for an Air Force Maintenance School

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-08-01

    digital system." 3. Kargo, Donald W. and Steffen, Dale A. Performance Training Carrel for Electronics Principles Course, Sept 76, AFHRL-TR 76-62(1), pg 1...June 1977 Kargo, Donald W. and Steffen, Dale A. Performance Training Corral for Electronics Principles Course, AFHRL-TR 76-62(i), Air Force Human

  2. Final A Street Pond Expansion Environmental Assessment at Beale Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    Ms. Jennifer Marchek B.S. Engineering Years of Experience: 12 Mr. Matt Brown – GIS B.S. Art Years of Experience: 5 Beale Air Force Base Draft...information, call Cubmaster Shane Griego at 632-8968. Available NAF positions The following Non-Appropriated Fund positions are currently

  3. An Analysis of Turnover Intentions: A Reexamination of Air Force Civil Engineering Company Grade Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    Air Force Exchange Service (AAFES), shopping privileges at the commissary (military grocery store), and free access to gym facilities. Mitchell et al...of sex on intent and actual job changes. Human Relations, 46, 987-1006. Werbel, J. D., & Bedeian, A. G. (1989). Intended turnover as a function of

  4. Use of the Award Fee in Air Force System and Subsystem Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-03-01

    as and 19Contrary to the " mythology ," Sapolsky (1972) has shown in the Polaris development case how little formal management systems (PERT. etc...Whereas higher Air Force levels stress the general utility of award ffee as a management tool, at lower levels it is more often vi.ý, wed simply as a

  5. 76 FR 18537 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-04

    ... subject of this notice. Due to internal DoD difficulties, beyond the control of the U.S. Air Force... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE... 41 CFR 102-3.150(a). Accordingly, the Advisory Committee Management Officer for the Department...

  6. Height anomalies in tappingmode atomic force microscopy in air caused by adhesion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noort, van S. John T.; Werf, van der Kees O.; Grooth, de Bart G.; Hulst, van Niek F.; Greve, Jan

    1997-01-01

    Height anomalies in tapping mode atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air are shown to be caused by adhesion. Depending o­n the damping of the oscillation the height of a sticking surface is reduced compared to less sticking surfaces. It is shown that the height artefacts result from a modulation of osc

  7. Contemporary Quality Leadership Principles: Do They Fit the Air Force Model?

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-01

    Common Sense: Choosing Professionalism at the Air Force Quality Crossroads, National Security Program Discussion Paper Series 97-001. (National...Quality Crossroads, National Security Program Discussion Paper Series 97-001. (National Security Program, John F. Kennedy School of Government... Discussion Paper Series 97-001. (National Security Program, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University): 26 21 Phillip B. Crosby, Quality

  8. Personality: Its Use in Selecting Candidates for US Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-01

    Aviation Psychology, 1987. Fitschen, Maj Charles K. Cost Impact: Should Improved Screening Methods Be Implemented in the Undergraduate Pilot Training...Brooks AFB, Tex.: Air Force Systems Command, 1988. Spence, Janet T., Robert L. Helmreich, and Carole K. Holahan . "Negative and Positive Components of

  9. Personality: Its Use in Selecting Canditates for US Air Force Undergraduate Pilot Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-08-01

    Symposium on Aiation Psychology, 1987. Fitschen, Maj Charles K. Cost Impact: Should Improved Screening Methods Be Implemented in the Undergraduate Pilot...AFHRL-TR-87-62. Brooks AFB, Tex.: Air Force Systems Command, 1988. Spence, Janet T., Robert L. Helmreich, and Carole K. Holahan . "Negative and Positive

  10. AFSOC Assets Beddown at Cannon Air Force Base, New Mexico Environmental Impact Statement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    the Notice of Availability (NOA) for this Draft EIS was filed in the Federal Register. Public hearings provided direct feedback to the Air Force...have no objection to signing them first. In addition, I have corrected th¢ ana~~ Elcctrollic Funds Transfer ( Efl ) Information sheet so that it includes

  11. Crew Resource Management Use in U.S. Air Force Flight and Family Medicine Clinics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-30

    The study was designed as a cross-sectional quantitative analysis. Inclusion criteria were active duty Air Force base-level flight surgeons and family...Remember the Titans [videorecording]. Burbank, CA: Walt Disney Home Video; 2001. 14 Distribution A: Approved for public release

  12. Laser Dot Projection Photogrammetry and Force Balance Measurement Techniques for Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Parameters of Force Balance Channels ............................................................. 39  1 BIOMIMETIC MICRO AIR VEHICLE...used two high speed cameras to research the flight of butterflies in their natural habitat. They set-up the cameras in a butterfly vivarium and...captured images of multiple butterflies performing multiple flight maneuvers. Images were captured at 100-200 Hz. Using software, certain body parts

  13. Eielson Air Force Base Infrastructure Development in Support of RED FLAG-Alaska Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    MAAS Colonel, USAF Vice Commander Date EIELSON AIR FORCE BASE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN SUPPORT OF RED FLAG-ALASKA...Name Address1 Address2 Address3 City State Zip Governor of Alaska Palin The Honorable Sarah 240 Main St., Ste. 300 Court Plaza Bldg. Juneau AK 99801

  14. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF GROUNDWATER AT AIR FORCE PLANT 4, CARSWELL, TEXAS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over 600 Cottonwood trees were planted over a shallow groundwater plume in an attempt to detoxify the trichloroethylene (TCE) in a groundwater plume at a former Air Force facility. Two planting techniques were used: rooted stock about two years old, and 18 inch cuttings were inst...

  15. The Impact of the Developmental Training Model on Staff Development in Air Force Child Development Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bird, Candace Maria Edmonds

    2010-01-01

    In an effort to standardize training delivery and to individualize staff development based on observation and reflective practice, the Air Force implemented the Developmental Training Model (DTM) in its Child Development Programs. The goal of the Developmental Training Model is to enhance high quality programs through improvements in the training…

  16. Summer Research Program - 1997 Summer Faculty Research Program Volume 6 Arnold Engineering Development Center United States Air Force Academy Air Logistics Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Fracture Analysis of the F-5, 15%-Spar Bolt DR Devendra Kumar SAALC/LD 6- 16 CUNY-City College, New York, NY A Simple, Multiversion Concurrency Control...Program, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH. [3]AFGROW, Air Force Crack Propagation Analysis Program, Version 3.82 (1997) 15-8 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION ...Office of Scientific Research Boiling Air Force Base, DC and San Antonio Air Logistic Center August 1997 16-1 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION CONCURRENCY

  17. Force Reconnaissance: A Key Enabler in the Marine Air Ground Task Force and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-13

    Vietnam – Stingray /Keyhole………………………………………………..........13 MSPF – Direct Action/VBSS……………………………………………………15 OIF/OEF – Direct Action/VBSS/COIN...or “combat patrol.” Based on the leadership of General Lewis Walt (USMC), he led to the establishment of Keyhole and Stingray missions. General Walt...their mission. ( Stingray combat patrols were organized to make contact with enemy forces through ambush or supporting fire. Stingray patrols were

  18. Contact resonance atomic force microscopy imaging in air and water using photothermal excitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kocun, Marta; Labuda, Aleksander; Gannepalli, Anil; Proksch, Roger, E-mail: Roger.Proksch@oxinst.com [Asylum Research, an Oxford Instruments Company, Santa Barbara, California 93117 (United States)

    2015-08-15

    Contact Resonance Force Microscopy (CR-FM) is a leading atomic force microscopy technique for measuring viscoelastic nano-mechanical properties. Conventional piezo-excited CR-FM measurements have been limited to imaging in air, since the “forest of peaks” frequency response associated with acoustic excitation methods effectively masks the true cantilever resonance. Using photothermal excitation results in clean contact, resonance spectra that closely match the ideal frequency response of the cantilever, allowing unambiguous and simple resonance frequency and quality factor measurements in air and liquids alike. This extends the capabilities of CR-FM to biologically relevant and other soft samples in liquid environments. We demonstrate CR-FM in air and water on both stiff silicon/titanium samples and softer polystyrene-polyethylene-polypropylene polymer samples with the quantitative moduli having very good agreement between expected and measured values.

  19. Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho Geothermal Resource Assessment and Future Recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph C. Armstrong; Robert P. Breckenridge; Dennis L. Nielson; John W. Shervais; Thomas R. Wood

    2013-03-01

    The U.S. Air Force is facing a number of challenges as it moves into the future, one of the biggest being how to provide safe and secure energy to support base operations. A team of scientists and engineers met at Mountain Home Air Force Base in early 2011 near Boise, Idaho, to discuss the possibility of exploring for geothermal resources under the base. The team identified that there was a reasonable potential for geothermal resources based on data from an existing well. In addition, a regional gravity map helped identify several possible locations for drilling a new well. The team identified several possible sources of funding for this well—the most logical being to use U.S. Department of Energy funds to drill the upper half of the well and U.S. Air Force funds to drill the bottom half of the well. The well was designed as a slimhole well in accordance with State of Idaho Department of Water Resources rules and regulations. Drilling operations commenced at the Mountain Home site in July of 2011 and were completed in January of 2012. Temperatures increased gradually, especially below a depth of 2000 ft. Temperatures increased more rapidly below a depth of 5500 ft. The bottom of the well is at 5976 ft, where a temperature of about 140°C was recorded. The well flowed artesian from a depth below 5600 ft, until it was plugged off with drilling mud. Core samples were collected from the well and are being analyzed to help understand permeability at depth. Additional tests using a televiewer system will be run to evaluate orientation and directions at fractures, especially in the production zone. A final report on the well exploitation will be forthcoming later this year. The Air Force will use it to evaluate the geothermal resource potential for future private development options at Mountain Home Air Force Base. In conclusion, Recommendation for follow-up efforts include the following:

  20. Cleansing orthodontic brackets with air-powder polishing: effects on frictional force and degree of debris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leite, Brisa dos Santos; Fagundes, Nathalia Carolina Fernandes; Aragón, Mônica Lídia Castro; Dias, Carmen Gilda Barroso Tavares; Normando, David

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Introduction: Debris buildup on the bracket-wire interface can influence friction. Cleansing brackets with air-powder polishing can affect this process. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frictional force and amount of debris remaining on orthodontic brackets subjected to prophylaxis with air-powder polishing. Methods: Frictional force and debris buildup on the surface of 28 premolar brackets were evaluated after orthodontic treatment. In one hemiarch, each bracket was subjected to air-powder polishing (n = 14) for five seconds, while the contralateral hemiarch (n = 14) served as control. Mechanical friction tests were performed and images of the polished bracket surfaces and control surfaces were examined. Wilcoxon test was applied for comparative analysis between hemiarches at p < 0.05. Results: Brackets that had been cleaned with air-powder polishing showed lower friction (median = 1.27 N) when compared to the control surfaces (median = 4.52 N) (p < 0.01). Image analysis showed that the control group exhibited greater debris buildup (median = 2.0) compared with the group that received prophylaxis with air-powder polishing (median = 0.5) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Cleansing orthodontic brackets with air-powder polishing significantly reduces debris buildup on the bracket surface while decreasing friction levels observed during sliding mechanics. PMID:27653265

  1. The impact of diurnal variations of air traffic on contrail radiative forcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Stuber

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available We combined high resolution aircraft flight data from the EU Fifth Framework Programme project AERO2k with analysis data from the ECMWF's integrated forecast system to calculate diurnally resolved 3-D contrail cover. We scaled the contrail cover in order to match observational data for the Bakan area (eastern-Atlantic/western-Europe.

    We found that less than 40% of the global distance travelled by aircraft is due to flights during local night time. Yet, due to the cancellation of shortwave and longwave effects during daytime, night time flights contribute a disproportional 60% to the global annual mean forcing. Under clear sky conditions the night flights contribute even more disproportionally at 76%. There are pronounced regional variations in night flying and the associated radiative forcing. Over parts of the North Atlantic flight corridor 75% of air traffic and 84% of the forcing occurs during local night, whereas only 35% of flights are during local night in South-East Asia, yet these contribute 68% of the radiative forcing. In general, regions with a significant local contrail radiative forcing are also regions for which night time flights amount to less than half of the daily total of flights. Therefore, neglecting diurnal variations in air traffic/contrail cover by assuming a diurnal mean contrail cover can over-estimate the global mean radiative forcing by up to 30%.

  2. 33 CFR 334.640 - Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range. 334.640 Section 334.640 Navigation and Navigable Waters... REGULATIONS § 334.640 Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range. (a)...

  3. 33 CFR 334.595 - Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral; 45th Space Wing, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; 45th Space Wing, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL; restricted area. 334.595 Section 334.595.... The regulations in this section shall be enforced by the Commander, 45th Space Wing, Patrick Air Force... AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.595 Atlantic Ocean off Cape Canaveral; 45th Space Wing,...

  4. Barriers and Facilitators to Use of Air Force Family Support Centers (FSCs): Lessons for Civilian and Military Sectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albano, Sondra

    This study focused on non-use of Air Force Family Support Centers (FSCs), a global network of programs and services designed to facilitate family adaptation to the mobile military lifestyle and to help commanders and supervisors respond to family needs. The study used the 1993 Air Force Needs Assessment Survey to investigate what factors…

  5. A Validity Study on Predictors of Success in Resident Master’s Degree Programs at the Air Force Institute of Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    1. 0% DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE *AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio I Dzsnm ION SATE A I A edfor ... k 6 or more examinees is a useful and valid measurement i.e., within reliability limits (10:3). The GRE and the GMAT are divided into various

  6. A Historical Analysis of Basic Air Force Doctrine Education within the United States States Air Force Air Command and Staff College, 1947-1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    Doctrinal Education. 2. dow tne uality of Air University Students Influences Doctrinal Educaion . 3. iow Air iniversity Commanders Have Influenced...AIin i.i .Iz: 0o 1 Lac, ani AFB, T>xas. Aft-2r Zmfl5Oli i , Janiu~rv .18;, -ie itce nu,_i_ Trdnsoorctation Otf iLzer scnooL at 31,,. pa r J A :a, ras

  7. Numerical Investigation on Aerodynamic Force of Streamlined Box Girder with Uniform Air Suction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang Ke

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, the flow around a streamlined box girder with uniform air suction has been investigated numerically. Two-dimensional incompressible unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS equations are solved in conjunction with the SST k −ω turbulence model in simulations. Taking the Great Belt Bridge girder as an example, cases of different suction positions on the girder section were discussed. The effect of the suction ratio and the angle of attack (AOA of wind also were investigated. The result showed that the aerodynamic drag force was influenced by the uniform suction through either upper surface or lower surface of the box girder. The larger the suction ratio was, the more the drag-reducing could be. The suction position and AOA had a comprehensive effect on the drag force. The vortex shedding frequency was also affected by air suction. For the aerodynamic lift force and moment, air suction showed no obvious influence. If necessary, using a combined suction scheme to reduce the aerodynamic drag force or to control the flow wake would be more efficient in engineering design.

  8. Management by Objective in the Air Force Tactical Air Command Telecommunication Environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-11-29

    operation of MBO may be compared with playing a football game. The football goal posts are in clear view of the individual players. This is analogous...Mn....:. Z s-n ~ 25 .0 ucilmil mo.,_ Wing 907tn ?,ni-Iu Air Col~ inq 224 rsa ,v.i 0,1,-g Sting f t i. F7,..1Af 161. 0rntct’i tgn - ~in a :.,a A93

  9. The Emerging Shield. The Air Force and the Evolution of Continental Air Defense 1945-1960

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    pp 219-29. 36. Cuthbertson, Canadian Military 24. For the decision to equip the Independence, pp 50-51. Arrow with the most up - todate missile and...of war is not a simple shield, but a shield made up of well-directed blows." Also, after meeting an attack, Clausewitz ad- vocated that a military...Waggonfabrik. The more advanced models, as fast as contemporary pursuit planes, could remain in the air up to 6 hours. Armed with 3 defensive

  10. 2017 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffith, Stacy R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2017-02-01

    The 2017 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base has been prepared in accordance with the “Letter of Agreement Between Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Sandia Field Office (DOE/NNSA/SFO) and 377th Air Base Wing (ABW), Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB) for Terrestrial Sampling” (signed January 2017), Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM). The Letter of Agreement requires submittal of an annual terrestrial sampling plan.

  11. The Joint Force Air Component Commander and the Integration of Offensive Cyberspace Effects: Power Projection through Cyberspace

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-14

    86 | Air & Space Power Journal The Joint Force Air Component Commander and the Integration of Offensive Cyberspace Effects Power Projection through...and Space Power Journal requests a courtesy line. Cyberspace can provide great opportunities to assist the joint force air compo-nent commander (JFACC...in theory. Offensive cyberspace operations have the potential to provide these types of power - projecting effects in the battlespace, but how can

  12. Influence of forced air volume on water evaporation during sewage sludge bio-drying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Lu; Chen, Tong-Bin; Gao, Ding; Zheng, Guo-Di; Liu, Hong-Tao; Pan, Tian-Hao

    2013-09-01

    Mechanical aeration is critical to sewage sludge bio-drying, and the actual water loss caused by aeration can be better understood from investigations of the relationship between aeration and water evaporation from the sewage sludge bio-drying pile based on in situ measurements. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of forced air volume on the evaporation of water from a sewage sludge bio-drying pile. Dewatered sewage sludge was bio-dried using control technology for bio-drying, during which time the temperature, superficial air velocity and water evaporation were measured and calculated. The results indicated that the peak air velocity and water evaporation occurred in the thermophilic phase and second temperature-increasing phase, with the highest values of 0.063 ± 0.027 m s(-1) and 28.9 kg ton(-1) matrix d(-1), respectively, being observed on day 4. Air velocity above the pile during aeration was 43-100% higher than when there was no aeration, and there was a significantly positive correlation between air volume and water evaporation from day 1 to 15. The order of daily means of water evaporation was thermophilic phase > second temperature-increasing phase > temperature-increasing phase > cooling phase. Forced aeration controlled the pile temperature and improved evaporation, making it the key factor influencing water loss during the process of sewage sludge bio-drying.

  13. Natural and forced air temperature variability in the Labrador region of Canada during the past century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Way, Robert G.; Viau, Andre E.

    2015-08-01

    Evaluation of Labrador air temperatures over the past century (1881-2011) shows multi-scale climate variability and strong linkages with ocean-atmospheric modes of variability and external forcings. The Arctic Oscillation, Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, and El Nino Southern Oscillation are shown to be the dominant seasonal and interannual drivers of regional air temperature variability for most of the past century. Several global climate models show disagreement with observations on the rate of recent warming which suggests that models are currently unable to reproduce regional climate variability in Labrador air temperature. Using a combination of empirical statistical modeling and global climate models, we show that 33 % of the variability in annual Labrador air temperatures over the period 1881-2011 can be explained by natural factors alone; however, the inclusion of anthropogenic forcing increases the explained variance to 65 %. Rapid warming over the past 17 years is shown to be linked to both natural and anthropogenic factors with several anomalously warm years being primarily linked to recent anomalies in the Arctic Oscillation and North Atlantic sea surface temperatures. Evidence is also presented that both empirical statistical models and global climate models underestimate the regional air temperature response to ocean salinity anomalies and volcanic eruptions. These results provide important insight into the predictability of future regional climate impacts for the Labrador region.

  14. Air microjet system for non-contact force application and the actuation of micro-structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khare, S. M.; Venkataraman, V.

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrate a non-contact technique to apply calibrated and localized forces in the micro-Newton to milli-Newton range using an air microjet. An electromagnetically actuated diaphragm controlled by a signal generator is used to generate the air microjet. With a nozzle diameter of 150 μm, the microjet diameter was maintained to a maximum of 1 mm at a distance of 5 mm from the nozzle. The force generated by the microjet was measured using a commercial force sensor to determine the velocity profile of the jet. Axial flow velocities of up to 25 m s-1 were obtained at distances as long as 6 mm. The microjet exerted a force up to 1 μN on a poly dimethyl siloxane (PDMS) micropillar (50 μm in diameter, 157 μm in height) and 415 μN on a PDMS membrane (3 mm in diameter, 28 μm thick). We also demonstrate that from a distance of 6 mm our microjet can exert a peak pressure of 187 Pa with a total force of about 84 μN on a flat surface with 8 V operating voltage. Out of the cleanroom fabrication and robust design make this system cost effective and durable.

  15. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1954. Ninth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1954-09-30

    Table 69 Tabla 70 Table 71 Table 7Z Table 73 :r’ab1e 7. Department of the Air Force - Amounts Available for Obligation Durinl FY 195. Refiecting New...216 VI TABLE OF CONTENTS - (CONTINUED) PART XII - PERSONNl:L MILITARY PERSONNEL (CONTINUED) COMMANDSTR~N~ Table lOa Table 𔃺’ Table 110 Table 111...Warrant Officers. FY 1954 Air National Guard Participation in TTaining Assemblies - FY 1954 .........•.... 483 484 485 486 487 487 489 490 492 493 XII

  16. Forced Convective Air Cooling from Electronic Component Arrays in a Parallel Plate Channel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    D.Y.Cai; Y.P.Gan; 等

    1994-01-01

    This paper discusses air forced convection heat transfer from inline protruding elements arranged in eight rows.The streamwise and spanwise spacings between elements were varied using a splitter plate that can be positioned at three different modular configurations.A set of empirical formulas was presented to correlate the experimental data for the design of air cooling systems.Arrays of componets with one odd-size module have been tested also.Experimental results show that blocks near the entrance and behind the odd-size module have improved performance compared with uniform arrangements.Accordingly,temperature sensitive components are suggested to be arranged in these locations.

  17. (Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright- Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-10-01

    This Health and Safety Plan (HSP) was developed for the Environmental Investigation of Ground-water Contamination Investigation at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, based on the projected scope of work for the Phase 1, Task 4 Field Investigation. The HSP describes hazards that may be encountered during the investigation, assesses the hazards, and indicates what type of personal protective equipment is to be used for each task performed. The HSP also addresses the medical monitoring program, decontamination procedures, air monitoring, training, site control, accident prevention, and emergency response.

  18. Air Force Support of Army Ground Operations Lessons Learned during World War II, Korea, and Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-06

    Th ;e 8epre--cdin this paper .rv thoe. of ’:ceauhor IDep 2rtmt-nt of Diefense rayo t gr: s hsPcC % FOC, O P 0- C GOUND OP!-txA’TONS ’A NS tTAI.D 11...NOTE S T edder, Wi.th Preudice: The War Memoirs . - y Air Force. Lord Tedaer. rr- 40-43. 2.".~ : X :"~ , M~.c, ’ = A r Power in Three Wars WW 7:, Kora...that FEAF assume operational control over land based Marine air units and over carri.er bjdsed aviation operating over Korea effective as soon as X

  19. Search and Rescue in the High North: An Air Force Mission?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    at the strange new things in the land of the midnight sun. What wouldn’t surprise him are the things that never change: six months of darkness ...8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 November–December 2013 Air & Space Power Journal | 5 Conway Search and Rescue in the High North Feature tourism ...command if any SAR request from that heavily traveled region came to the Department of Defense.44 Further, the Air Force must form a strong partnership

  20. Environmental Assessment: Construction of Consolidated Fuel Overhaul and Repair Facility at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-10-01

    Historic Preservation Officer MH:bh Oklahoma Archeological Survey March 23, 2007 Trudi Logan Department of the Air Force 72 Air Base Wing (AFMC...Fox Larry Ci’l AETC CONS/LGCK; McKee John M Civ OC-ALC/FMA; King Thelma J Civ OC-ALC/FMC; Powell Paul A Civ 72 ABW/CECED; Powell Paul A Civ 72 ABW...L CIV OC-ALC/FMC Grimes Jim D Civ OC-ALC/FMC; Tomlinson Deborah L Civ OC-ALC/FMC; Fox Larry Civ AETC CONS/LGCK; McKee John M Civ OC-ALC/FMA; King

  1. The Twelfth US Air Force. Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943-1944

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Husky was a strategic success, contributing to the resignation of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini on 25 July 1943, and the 30 OPERATION HUSKY AND... Mussolini and the surrender of Italy. The Italian capitulation forced the Germans to defend Italy alone with overstretched forces. The Twelfth Air Force

  2. Citizen Airmen. A History of the Air Force Reserve 1946-1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    J. McKenna , Ch, Pers Div, to Ofc of Info, Ofc of AF Res, subj: Draft Monograph-Air Force Reserve and Southeast Asia, Aug 1, 1979; hists, 514th...Memo, B. A. Bridgewater, Jr., Assoc Dir, Guard and Reserve in the Total Force Study Group, to Terence E. McClary, Asst SecDef (Compt), subj: Total...Change for the 915th MAGP, XPP, 2219552 Jul71, as doc 86 in hist, AFRES, FY 1972. 21. Ltr, Terence St. Louis, AFRES histo- rian, to DCSPlans [Simmons

  3. Unplanned pregnancy among active duty servicewomen, U.S. Air Force, 2001.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, Anthony S; Chao, Susan Y; Frost, Lucinda Z; Fonseca, Vincent P

    2005-01-01

    Unplanned pregnancy is a major public health problem in the United States. Although the U.S. Air Force has the highest proportion of active duty women of any of the U.S. military services, there are no published data on the occurrence of unplanned pregnancy among active duty Air Force (ADAF) women. Civilian female interviewers conducted telephone interviews with a random sample of 2,348 ADAF women during early 2002, using questions that were closely based on the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. During 2001, approximately 12% of ADAF women had one or more pregnancies. By National Survey of Family Growth criteria, approximately 54% of these pregnancies were unplanned. Thus, approximately 7% of ADAF women had one or more unplanned pregnancies during 2001. Roughly one-half of unplanned pregnancies represented contraceptive nonuse and the other half represented contraceptive failure or misuse. Unplanned pregnancy is a serious and frequently occurring problem among ADAF women, with many opportunities for prevention.

  4. Radar Scan Strategies for the Patrick Air Force Base Weather Surveillance Radar, Model-74C, Replacement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, David

    2008-01-01

    The 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) is replacing the Weather Surveillance Radar, Model 74C (WSR-74C) at Patrick Air Force Base (PAFB), with a Doppler, dual polarization radar, the Radtec 43/250. A new scan strategy is needed for the Radtec 43/250, to provide high vertical resolution data over the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) launch pads, while taking advantage of the new radar's advanced capabilities for detecting severe weather phenomena associated with convection within the 45 WS area of responsibility. The Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) developed several scan strategies customized for the operational needs of the 45 WS. The AMU also developed a plan for evaluating the scan strategies in the period prior to operational acceptance, currently scheduled for November 2008.

  5. Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-22

    Air Force is expected late next month.... Sen. Richard Shelby, R- Ala ., a Northrop supporter, and Rep. Norman Dicks, D-Wash., a Boeing supporter...from $2.1 billion per year to $3 billion per year by 2040 due to increasing depot maintenance and forecasted modernization programs in avionics and...China avionics access doors Source: Teal Group Note: Commercial variants of both aircraft types are powered by engines manufactured by either

  6. F/EF-111 Basing at Cannon Air Force Base, Curry County, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-04-01

    in environmental impact assessment. W.M. Willis Ph.D., Marine Ecology, Old Contractor Project Dominion University; M.S., Manager, Biologica ...martial cases. Therefore, for me, it’s a welcome diversion from the criminal trial arena to preside over an Environmental Impact Hearing such as this. I...Travis Air Force Base, California, and I cover five Western states normally. It is a welcome diversion for me to be away from the criminal trial arena to

  7. Fulcrum of Power: Essays on the United States Air Force and National Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    attacking Teller for “factual error and emotionalism,” eight scientists (Jay Orear, William F. Schreiber, Gerald Holton , Salvadore E. Luria, Edwin E...upon national security affairs and diplomacy. I have included essays on Generals James H. Doolittle and George C. Kenney in order to add some spice to...develop- ment of air forces have assumed greater urgency and significance. In 1934, James H. “Jimmy” Doolittle noted that “the future security of our

  8. Environmental Assessment for Multiple Projects at Laughlin Air Forc Base, TX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    accomplishment. 20 Outside the range’s designated safety berms is evidence of ricochet debris, the result of having used full-21 metal- jacket ...Fault Zone, but no recent seismic activity has occurred in the area 16 FINAL - Environmental Assessment for Multiple Projects Laughlin Air Force Base...resources, such as top soils, mineral 32 reserves, seismic activity, or unique or important land forms. The potential for large, uncontrolled 33

  9. United States Air Force Research Initiation Program for 1987. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-04-01

    Jacqueline Paver (1986) Duke University Specialty: Biomechanical Engineering ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER (Arnold Air Force Systems) Dr...Photo 6. Assembling the stator windings while the inner sphere was pressurized. Soccer ball and football were both used so one could be removed and pumped...Computational methods for turbulent, transonic and viscous flow ( Springer Verlag, NY 1983). M. D. Love and D. C. Leslie - Studies in subgrid. modeling

  10. Preserving Range and Airspace Access for the Air Force Mission: Striving for a Strategic Vantage Point

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Dee Butler; Danny Douglas , 98 OSS/ ADO; and Lt Col Tim Straz helped us walk through the range scheduling process. At Headquarters Air Force Materiel...Indiana 55,280 AnG Army McGregor holloman AFB, new Mexico 10,000 ACC Army McMullen Texas 1,200 AnG navy Oklahoma eielson AFB, Alaska 51,200 PACAF Army

  11. Environmental Assessment: Construct Airfield Lighting Vault and Demolish Building 531 at Grand Forks Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-01

    in the grasses and legumes vegetation species are tall wheat grass, brome grass, Kentucky bluegrass, sweet clover, and alfalfa. Herbaceous plants...gramma, buffalo grass, and many native wildflower species. The Grand Forks AFB Natural Resources Manager and volunteers installed a butterfly garden in...Bioserve biological inventory update for Grand Forks Air Force Base. Two rare orchid species are known to exist on Grand Forks AFB, the Large and

  12. Environmental Assessment: Construct a CDC Main Entry Addition at Grand Forks Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-01

    Included in the grasses and legumes vegetation species are tall wheat grass, brome grass, Kentucky bluegrass, sweet clover, and alfalfa. Herbaceous...gramma, buffalo grass, and many native wildflower species. The Grand Forks AFB Natural Resources Manager and volunteers installed a butterfly garden...Bioserve biological inventory update for Grand Forks Air Force Base. Two rare orchid species are known to exist on Grand Forks AFB, the Large and

  13. Ideas as Institutions: Explaining the Air Force’s Struggle With Its Aerospace Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-04-01

    necessitate, prepare and maintain plans, in consonance with the latest information to provide for destruction of the decisive units of the key...soldier goes where his leaders point, and with little question. Thus, the subtle signs of dissonance between airmen and the aerospace concept that...occasionally to adopt language more consonant with the language framing the national discourse. This subtle perspective shift of Air Force

  14. Final Environmental Assessment for the California Space Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    Cultural Resources Inventory, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Santa Barbara County, California Hodges et al. (2000) 2000-04 Archaeological Survey of the...VAFB Nick Pelster, Technical Director, California Space Authority Roger Root, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Ventura Field Office Chris Ryan...Heritage Program. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento. Hodges , C.M., C.G. Lebow, and R.L. McKim. 2000. Archaeological Survey of the

  15. Environmental Assessment for the California Space Center at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    Cultural Resources Inventory, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Santa Barbara County, California Hodges et al. (2000) 2000-04 Archaeological Survey of the...Review Laura Ornelaz, Attorney Advisor, 30 SW/JA, VAFB Nick Pelster, Technical Director, California Space Authority Roger Root, U.S. Fish and Wildlife...the terrestrial natural communities of California. Nongame Heritage Program. California Department of Fish and Game, Sacramento. Hodges , C.M., C.G

  16. An Analysis of Retaining or Replacing Air Force Command and Control Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    control aircraft perform, as well as the importance of maintaining the capability. Current command and control aircraft , as well as potential aircraft that...can replace the existing command and control aircraft , were researched to determine the cost and performance specifications. The current and...completed product identifies if the Air Force should retain or replace command and control aircraft . Additional areas for further research were listed

  17. Acute Pain Management Services: What Does the Air Force Have to Offer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-29

    Unrelieved pain due to this nociception , after surgery or trauma is often unhealthy, but it is preventable or controllable in a majority of cases...DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leaveblank) 2. REPORT DATE 26-Sep-97 3. REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ACUTE PAIN MANAGEMENT...Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 Designed using Perform Pro, WHS/DIOR. Oct 94 ACUTE PAIN MANAGEMENT SERVICES: WHAT DOES THE AIR FORCE HAVE TO OFFER

  18. The Role of Organizational Culture in the Leadership of United States Air Force Services Squadrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of this monograph is to examine the role organizational culture plays in the leadership of United States Air Force (USAF) Services...squadrons. While some might argue that the study of organizational culture is a somewhat vague notion, there is significant theory and findings to show...determine the link between organizational culture and financial performance as indicated by Standard and Poor’s financial ratios. In summarizing his

  19. Business Case Analysis: Increasing Air Force Dining Hall Use as an Alternative to Closure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    authorize officers to eat meals in the dining facility after determining other facilities, including NAF food activities, base exchange cafeteria ...Personnel and Services for the Air Force, testified before Congress regarding the initiative and stated that the goal of the program is to improve “food...a financial standpoint. For government projects, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) publishes and updates a forecast of nominal or market

  20. Environmental Assessment for Mill Creek Restoration Project, Eglin Air Force Base, FL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-28

    Persons Contacted Mr. Chris Metcalf , U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Mr Bob Miller, 96 CEG/CEVSN, Endangered Species Biologist Mr Mike Nunley, 96 CEG...currents into the center of the channel, and preventing back eddy erosion. In addition, these structures provide excellent fish habitat, maintain...bank protection and limit any back eddy erosion. 05/06 Biological Assessment Page A-13 for Mill Creek Restoration Project Eglin Air Force Base

  1. United States Air Force Summary, Amended FY 1990/1991 Biennial Budget. Fifteenth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-15

    SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS(AFOSI). Constituted as Air Force Office of Special Investigations arrl activated as a Separate Operating Agency, 31 December 1971...reservists on active duty to provide unit arrl augrren.tation su~rt to the Ready Reserve. e. INACTIVEIJUI’Y TRAININ3. Training perfonred by a USAFR :rrerrber...product; improvement, testing, technical data and handbooks procured with end item equiprrents. (AFR173-13/Atch 1/1 Feb 82) APPROPRIATION3300

  2. The Current Practices in Injury Prevention and Safety Helmet Use in an Air Force Medical Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-05-01

    Clinic at Malcom Grow Medical Center, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland. Preventive counseling Preventing the occurrence of both mental and physical ...of their care. The primary care provider assumes ongoing responsibility for health maintenance and therapy for illness, including consultation with...PA) or a Medical Doctor (M.D.). Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.), or Registered Nurse (R.N.). Safety helmet For the purpose of this study, the safety

  3. Estimates of Pertussis Vaccine Effectiveness in United States Air Force Pediatric Dependents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-22

    Stefani Ruiz 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME( S ) AND ADDRESS(ES) USAF School of Aerospace...greater than or equal to 14 days [19] before the date of pertussis lab test . Children who received the recommended number of vaccine doses for their... Article 3. DATES COVERED (From – To) Jan 2014 – Jun 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Estimates of pertussis vaccine effectiveness in United States Air Force

  4. Blue Moon Rising? Air Force Institutional Challenges to Producing Senior Joint Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    and Geoffrey Parker , “The Post-War World,” in The Cambridge History of Warfare, ed. Geoffrey Parker (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005...the Air Force does not specifically identify any C-NAF or other general officer billets as warfighting billets; Lieutenant Colonel Charlie ...1983. Murray, Williamson A., and Geoffrey Parker . "The Post-War World." In The Cambridge History of Warfare, edited by Geoffrey Parker , 362-412

  5. United States Air Force Summer Research Program -- 1993. Volume 7. Armstrong Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    Data Gluck, Kevin Field: Psychology BS Laboratory: AL/HR Psychology Trinity University Vol-Page No: 7-19 San Antonio, TX 78212-0000 Gottlob , Lawrence...R. GOTTLOB Arizona State University Tempe, AZ 85287 Final Report for: Graduate Student Research Program Armstrong Laboratory Sponsored by: Air Force...VERSUS SWITCHING ATTENTION Lawrence R. Gottlob Arizona State University Tempe, AZ 85287 Abstract A location-precuing experiment was conducted that

  6. Activity-based Calculation Models for the Brazilian Air Force Cellular Unit of Intendancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    readiness (Operations “Aghata” and “Cruzex”), humanitarian missions (support to combat dengue in the city of Rio de Janeiro ; support of the military...disinfection, sanitary and barber shop; u) water supply ; v) water treatment; x) providing electrical power. 1.8 Organization This research will be...recreation, and water and electricity supply . 2.1.1 Cellular Unit of Intendancy. The CUI provides the Air Force with the necessary mobility to

  7. A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    for pilots will depend on the • number of active component pilots who separate • fraction of separating pilots who affiliate with the reserve ...when tracking economic output over a period of time. GDP data were collected from the Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED), Federal Reserve Bank of St...C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components

  8. The Office of the Secretary of the Air Force 1947-1965

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    accommodate an atomic bomb. The evolution of the B-36 is covered fully in Marcelle Size Knaack’s Encyclopedia of U.S. Air Force Aircraft and Missile...tion, Gilpatric contacted Frances Perkins, his mother’s college roommate and President Roosevelt’s former Secretary of Labor, and Jim Farley ...rate areas representing the Protestant, Catholic , and Jewish faiths. Leaders of these faiths were consulted and gave the chapel’s design their

  9. Air Force Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of NATO Round Robin Propellant Testing for Development of AOP-4717

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-23

    Round Robin Propellant Testing for Development of AOP-4717 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...area code) N/A Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. 239.18 0 Air Force Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of NATO Round Robin ...the clamps are tight at the coldest temperature. • Long tests such as the frequency sweep sequences prescribed in this round robin may be

  10. Air Mobility Command’s Total Force Integration: A Critical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-26

    norms] because they justify the past and are the source of their pride and self - esteem .”16 Fortunately, Schein provides a model (beyond the scope of... self is an Air Force core value. But Airmen are encouraged and expected to become technical experts in their specialty field. And in some instances...organization makeup between the AD and ANG members; it is not uncommon to have more AC members assigned to a particular work section than ANG technicians

  11. Ideas, Concepts, Doctrine: Basic Thinking in the United States Air Force, 1961-1984. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    possible development of a long endurance aircraft-called the Dromedary -which might serve as a mobile platform for certain types of missiles and which...interesting to McNamara, the Ferguson group carefully examined a plane that was variously called "Camel," " Dromedary ," or the "multi-purpose, long...Air Forces : 476 Drew, Dennis M . : 743 " Dromedary " : 97 long-endurance aircraft : 55 Drysdale, Taylor : 161-62 study grpups : 161 Dual basing: 475

  12. Geothermal exploration program, Hill Air Force Base, Davis and Weber Counties, Utah

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glenn, W.E.; Chapman, D.S.; Foley, D.; Capuano, R.M.; Cole, D.; Sibbett, B.; Ward, S.H.

    1980-03-01

    Results obtained from a program designed to locate a low- or moderate-temperature geothermal resource that might exist beneath Hill Air Force Base (AFB), Ogden, Utah are discussed. A phased exploration program was conducted at Hill AFB. Published geological, geochemical, and geophysical reports on the area were examined, regional exploration was conducted, and two thermal gradient holes were drilled. This program demonstrated that thermal waters are not present in the shallow subsurface at this site. (MHR)

  13. United States Air Force Summer Faculty Research Program. Program Technical Report. 1990. Volume 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-05

    pore. It is argued by Kafka and Dussan [121, that an imprecise treatment of this near contact line region affects only slightly the flow and pressure...disappearence of the Franz -Keldysh oscillation. Suggestions for future experiments are made. 96-2 Acknowledgements I wish to thank the Air Force...to cap the doped GaAs 4 . Photoreflectance is a sensitive tool in determining surface electric field in bulk materials 5. For Jarge fields, Franz

  14. Infrastructure Asset Management Modeling through an Analysis of the Air Force Strategic Vision and Goals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    D.C.: Office of the Air Force Civil Engineer, 2008. [17] Robinson , C. Paul, Joan B. Woodard, and Samuel G. Varnado. Critical Infrastructure...interconnectedness of infrastructure links assets into a complex system of interrelated elements ( Robinson , Woodard, and Varnado, 1998:61). This concept of...interrelated elements ( Robinson , Woodard, and Varnado, 1998). This concept of infrastructure coupling correlates the state of one infrastructure asset to the

  15. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for March Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-28

    which is bounded by the Jacinto Fault on the east and the Elsinore Fault on the west. Ground surface elevations within the March AFB bound- Z aries...approx- imately one mile south of the base. Lake Mathews, located approximately 10 miles west of the baze, is the terminal reservoir of this aqueduct...State Project water is brought into the Perris Valley via the California Aqueduct, which runs north and east of March Air Force Base. Lake Perris

  16. United States Air Force Research Initiation Program for 1988. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-01

    D. R., and Golovin , M. N., "Enhanced Energy Coupling Phenomena: A State-of-the-Art Survey and Assessment," Air Force Armament Laboratory, Eglin AFB...PPM) (PPM) (PPM) 1-6 9380 8755 625 625 100% 2-1 3000 200 2800 5700 49% 2-6 3090 270 2820 7350 38% 2-11 1940 370 1570 6940 23% 1-10 2830 1250 1580 6020

  17. Cultural Resources Management in the United States Air Force: Development of a Planning Primer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    1991a:11-5). The 1870’s and 1880’s saw significant efforts to preserve battlefields from the Civil War and also the Revolutionary War. The Casa Grande...directive requires each Air Force insallation to prelpe and adopt a Cultura Resources Management Plan. This plan will incude an inventoy of all cultual...geophysical components of the Legacy program. Specific to cultura resources, the task areas were developed as a general program for improving management of all

  18. Empowerment: Dimensions and Strategies in the U.S Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    he or she has no authority to change. Authority is granted to people who are trusted and competent ( Maccoby , 1992:50). Authority must include...include: 1. Restructure the organization, if necessary. Maccoby in his article, Creating an Empowered Organization, recognizes fear of responsibility...Logistics, Air Force Institute of Technology (AU), Wright Patterson AFB OH, September 1989 (AD-A215372). Maccoby , Michael. "Creating an Empowered

  19. Non-Rated Air Force Line Officer Attrition Rates Using Survival Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    required and expected . Additionally, the experience they gather throughout their careers is invaluable to the success of the Air Force and cannot be...The service commitments and career paths tend to be relatively equal within this group, so the attrition behavior was expected to be approximately the... females , given that they are in the same yeargroup, career field, etc. Although the actual reason cannot be determined based on this data, one can attribute

  20. Final Environmental Assessment Addressing New Construction and Demolition at Beale Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    S. Capra , P.E., LEED AP Deputy Base Civil Engineer Department of the Air Force Headquarters 9th Mission Support Group (ACC) 6601 B Street Beale... Capra : Thank you for your letter dated August 15, 2013, requesting my review and comment with regard to the proposed undertaking to construct a...In reply refer to: USAF_2014_0224_002 Gregory S. Capra , P.E., LEED AP Deputy Base Civil

  1. Installation Restoration Program Records Search for Dobbins Air Force Base, Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    Combat Support Group, Air Force Reserve, is 3 currently the host unit at Dobbins AFB. I 3 II - 1 CC ~L/LLI 1’ 1/ LULLI (~~s’ c * .00 I 3- Lockheed...Services Center (AFESC), Engineering-Science (ES) and CH2 M Hill. The basis for this model was a system developed for EPA by JB Associates of MLean

  2. Forced-Air Warming Provides Better Control of Body Temperature in Porcine Surgical Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian T. Dent

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Maintaining normothermia during porcine surgery is critical in ensuring subject welfare and recovery, reducing the risk of immune system compromise and surgical-site infection that can result from hypothermia. In humans, various methods of patient heating have been demonstrated to be useful, but less evaluation has been performed in techniques to prevent hypothermia perioperatively in pigs. Methods: We compared body temperature regulation during surgery before and after modification of the ambient temperature of the operating laboratories. Three different methods of heating were then compared; a standard circulating water mattress, a resistive fabric blanket, and a forced hot air system. The primary measure was percentage of temperature readings outside a specification range of 36.7–40.0 °C. Results: Tighter control of the ambient temperature while using a circulating water mattress reduced the occurrence of out-of-specification body temperature readings from 20.8% to 5.0%, with most of these the result of hypothermia. Use of a resistive fabric blanket further reduced out-of-specification readings to 1.5%, with a slight increase in the occurrence of hyperthermia. Use of a forced air system reduced out-of-specification readings to less 0.1%. Conclusions: Maintenance of normothermia perioperatively in pig can be improved by tightly controlling ambient temperatures. Use of a resistive blanket or a forced air system can lead to better control than a circulating water mattress, with the forced air system providing a faster response to temperature variations and less chance of hyperthermia.

  3. F-22A Beddown Environmental Assessment Elmendorf Air Force Base, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-06-01

    operation of Air Force ranges. The overall purpose of range management is to balance the military’s need to accomplish realistic testing and training...N Churches, auditoria , and concert halls .................. Y 25 30 N N N Government services ............................................. Y Y 25...Damage to outside walls Existing cracks in stucco extended. Bric-a-brac Those carefully balanced or on edges can fall; fine glass, such as large

  4. The New Logic of Hypertext: Electronic Documents, Literary Theory, and Air Force Publications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-12-01

    University Press, 1991. 80 McLuhan , Marshall . The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: The University of Toronto Press, 1962. Michalak...organizational dependence on) paper-based information systems (Levy and Marshall , 1995). The Air Force is certainly no exception to this wide-spread trend...outside that interpretive framework and examine it ( McLuhan , 1962). We often fail to recognize, therefore, that many of our most cherished assumptions

  5. Modernization of the Indian Air Force: Security Implications for South Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    democratic institutions in this country since its partition with India in 1947.15 The most contentious issue between both countries is the status...nascent air force. After the partition of Pakistan from India, threat perceptions, elite interests and strategic ideas drove the process of conflict...1950s between Pakistan and the United States was mutually beneficial. The founder and leader of Pakistan at the time, M.A. Jinnah , sought a U.S

  6. Identification of Decision Support Concepts for the Planning of Air Force Immediate Contingencies Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Identification of Decision Support Concepts for the Planning of Air Force Immediate Contingencies Operations 1 March 2010 Anet Greenley , Sylvain...K2K 3G7 Project Manager: Anet Greenley , 613-290-0751 Contract number (in full): W7701-054996/009/QCL (W7701-8-3522NP) Contract Scientific...Operations 1 March 2010 Anet Greenley , Sylvain Pronovost, Dennis Kelleher, John Graham, Peter Race and Patrick Lachance. CAE Professional Services 1135

  7. Catalog of Audiovisual Productions. Volume 3. Air Force and Miscellaneous DoD Productions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-06-01

    SUPPORT AIRLIFT COBANG INTEGRATED ON TAIWAN FOR SEA • .. 39535-DF AIR FORCE RESERVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM VETERINARY DETACHMENT I’S PROFILE III 26631-DF...SERVICE (52564 OF) (50305 OF) (39428 OF) C.47 ARMED TRANSPORT C.SA CDPIR SYSTEM AIRFOIL REMOVAL AND CALAVAR CONDOR MODEL 125 OPERATION (28000 OF...FEELING ALONE (26492 OF) SYSTEM (51002 OF) IMAGINATION AT WORK (28192 OF) I’M FEELING HAPPY (27638 OF) HUMAN BODY, THE •. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM (51001 OF

  8. Clinging to the Past: The Air Force’s War on Dual-Career Families

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Further, some people stereotype the widely varied demographic of the military spouse, further exacerbating this tension. This study will explore these...interviews. It also caused some spouses to carefully measure their words (and sometimes lie) so as not to advertise that their spouse was military or that...As a result, the Air Force should evaluate these programs, as suggested in recommendation #2C, and if they are adequate, advertise and reconnect

  9. Transforming America’s Military: Integrating Unconventional Ground Forces into Combat Air Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    the Vietnam War, Operation Desert One (the failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt), and Operation Urgent Fury (the disjointed Grenada operation) was...airpower could have in the upcoming operation to liberate Kuwait. The former commander of JSOC , Army General (Ret.) Wayne Downing, believed that “no...Operations Air Component Commander JSOC —Joint Special Operations Command JSOTF—Joint Special Operations Task Force 22 JSTARS—Joint Surveillance Target

  10. High Performance Polymer Film Dielectrics for Air Force Wide-Temperature Power Electronics Applications (Preprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-02-01

    perform, display, or disclose the work. 14. ABSTRACT Air Force currently has a strong need for the development of compact capacitors which are... capacitors typically use polycarbonate (PC) dielectric films in wound capacitors for operation from -55 ºC to 125 ºC, future power electronic systems would...such as fluorinated polybenzoxazoles (6F-PBO) and fluorenyl polyesters incorporating diamond-like hydrocarbon units (FDAPE). The discussion will be

  11. Environmental Assessment for Cantonment Areas at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-28

    the federally endangered flatwoods salamander (Ambystoma bishopi) exists on or near some cantonment areas. Reptile species of concern that may occur...Acoustical Society of America , Vol 98, No 2, pp 1025–1033. Finegold, L. S., C. S. Harris, and H. E. vonGlerke, 1994. Community annoyance and sleep...Fidell, 1995. Predicting noise-induced sleep disturbance. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , Vol 97, No 1, pp 331–338. U.S. Air Force

  12. High Flight: History of the U.S. Air Force Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-01

    of Sunshine , Colorado Springs, Colorado. Colorado Springs, CO: Chamber of Commerce. (F 784 .C7 C68 Spec Coll) Curtin, Dave and Rob Lynde. Colorado...1984. (R 154 .W2995 C57 1984) Colorado Springs Chamber of Commerce. City of Sunshine , Colorado Springs, Colorado. Colorado Springs, CO: Chamber...Zielinski, Constantine. " Eternal Faith in a World of Change." Air Force Magazine 42.6 (1959): 91-92.     XXIX. RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY AT

  13. Exploration and Resource Assessment at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho Using an Integrated Team Approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph C. Armstrong; Robert P. Breckenridge; Dennis L. Nielson; John W. Shervais; Thomas R. Wood

    2012-10-01

    The U.S. Air Force is facing a number of challenges as it moves into the future, one of the biggest being how to provide safe and secure energy to support base operations. A team of scientists and engineers met at Mountain Home Air Force Base near Boise, Idaho, to discuss the possibility of exploring for geothermal resources under the base. The team identified that there was a reasonable potential for geothermal resources based on data from an existing well. In addition, a regional gravity map helped identify several possible locations for drilling a new well. The team identified several possible sources of funding for this well—the most logical being to use U.S. Department of Energy funds to drill the upper half of the well and U.S. Air Force funds to drill the bottom half of the well. The well was designed as a slimhole well in accordance with State of Idaho Department of Water Resources rules and regulations. Drilling operations commenced at the Mountain Home site in July of 2011 and were completed in January of 2012. Temperatures increased gradually, especially below a depth of 2000 ft. Temperatures increased more rapidly below a depth of 5500 ft. The bottom of the well is at 5976 ft, where a temperature of about 140°C was recorded. The well flowed artesian from a depth below 5600 ft, until it was plugged off with drilling mud. Core samples were collected from the well and are being analyzed to help understand permeability at depth. Additional tests using a televiewer system will be run to evaluate orientation and directions at fractures, especially in the production zone. A final report on the well exploitation will be forthcoming later this year. The Air Force will use it to evaluate the geothermal resource potential for future private development options at Mountain Home AFB.

  14. Environmental Assessment:Security and Safety Upgrades to Entry Control Facilities Vandenberg Air Force Base, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    Security and Safety Upgrades to Entry Control Facilities 1-1 Vandenberg Air Force Base, California Chapter 1. Introduction : Purpose of and Need for the...woodland/Burton Mesa chaparral community. Dominant scrub species include California sagebrush and black sage (Salvia mellifera). The non-native...Grant, Campbell 1978a Chumash: Introduction . In California , edited by Robert F. Heizer, pp. 505–508. Handbook of North American Indians, vol. 8

  15. Effect of volumetric electromagnetic forces on shock wave structure of hypersonic air flow near plate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fomichev, Vladislav; Yadrenkin, Mikhail; Shipko, Evgeny

    2016-10-01

    Summarizing of experimental studies results of the local MHD-interaction at hypersonic air flow near the plate is presented. Pulsed and radiofrequency discharge have been used for the flow ionization. It is shown that MHD-effect on the shock-wave structure of the flow is significant at test conditions. Using of MHD-interaction parameter enabled to defining characteristic modes of MHD-interaction by the force effect: weak, moderate and strong.

  16. Potentiometric surfaces of the Arnold Engineering Development Complex Area, Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee, May and September 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haugh, Connor J.; Robinson, John A.

    2016-01-29

    Arnold Air Force Base occupies about 40,000 acres in Coffee and Franklin Counties, Tennessee. The primary mission of Arnold Air Force Base is to provide risk-reduction information in the development of aerospace products through test and evaluation. This mission is achieved in part through test facilities at Arnold Engineering Development Complex (AEDC), which occupies about 4,000 acres in the center of Arnold Air Force Base. Arnold Air Force Base is underlain by gravel and limestone aquifers, the most productive of which is the Manchester aquifer. Several volatile organic compounds, primarily chlorinated solvents, have been identified in the groundwater at Arnold Air Force Base. In 2011, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force, Arnold Air Force Base, completed a study of groundwater flow focused on the Arnold Engineering Development Complex area. The Arnold Engineering Development Complex area is of particular concern because within this area (1) chlorinated solvents have been identified in the groundwater, (2) the aquifers are dewatered around below-grade test facilities, and (3) there is a regional groundwater divide.

  17. Innovative pollution prevention program at Air Force owned Raytheon operated facility incorporating Russian technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stallings, J.H.; Cepeda-Calderon, S.

    1999-07-01

    Air Force Plant 44 in Tucson, Arizona is owned by the Air Force and operated by Raytheon Missile Systems Company. A joint Air Force/Raytheon Pollution Prevention Team operates at AFP 44 with the ultimate goal to minimize or eliminate the use of hazardous substances. The team works together to uncover new technologies and methods that will replace chemicals used in the plant's missile manufacturing facilities. The program maximizes pollution prevention by first eliminating hazardous material use, then chemical recycling, next hazardous waste reduction and finally wastewater treatment and recycling. From fiscal years 1994 through 1997, nine pollution prevention projects have been implemented, totaling $2.6 million, with a payback averaging less than two years. A unique wastewater treatment method has been demonstrated as part of this program. This is electroflotation, a Russian technology which removes dispersed particles from liquid with gas bubbles obtained during water electrolysis. A unit was built in the US which successfully removed organic emulsions from wastewater. Operational units are planned for the removal of waste from waterfall paint booths. The pollution prevention joint team continues to be very active with two projects underway in FY 98 and two more funded for FY 99.

  18. Cancer in US Air Force veterans not involved with spraying herbicides during the Vietnam War

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavuk, M. [SpecPro, Inc. (United States); Michalek, J.; Ketchum, N. [Air Force Research Laboratory, San Antonio, TX (United States); Akhtar, F. [The START Center, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    2004-09-15

    The Air Force Health Study is a 20-year prospective study examining the health, mortality and reproductive outcomes in US Air Force veterans of Operation Ranch Hand who sprayed herbicides in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971. Comparison veterans flew or serviced C-130 transport aircraft in Southeast Asia (SEA) during the same time period but did not spray herbicides. They were stationed mostly in Taiwan, the Philippines, Guam, Japan, and Thailand and spent on average less than 30% of their SEA service in Vietnam. Comparison veterans also spent approximately 30% more time in SEA than Ranch Hand veterans. No increases in Ranch Hand cancer mortality and morbidity were found in earlier investigations, but a recent study contrasting cancer rates in Air Force veterans and in the general US (white male) population reported increases in cancer at all SEER sites, prostate cancer and melanoma in Ranch Hand veterans and cancer at all SEER sites and prostate cancer in Comparison veterans. Associations between dioxin exposure category and cancer were found after restriction to Ranch Hand veterans who served in SEA no more than 2 years and to those who spent all of their SEA service in Vietnam. Overall cancer incidence in the general population in countries of SEA is about half of that in the United States, but cancers of the oral cavity/nasopharynx and liver are more prevalent in this region. Here we examine in more detail whether years served in SEA had any effect on the risk of cancer among Comparison veterans.

  19. Imaging and force measurement of LDL and HDL by AFM in air and liquid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Chaoye; Ao, Meiying; Liu, Zhanghua; Chen, Yong

    2015-01-01

    The size and biomechanical properties of lipoproteins are tightly correlated with their structures/functions. While atomic force microscopy (AFM) has been used to image lipoproteins the force measurement of these nano-sized particles is missing. We detected that the sizes of LDL and HDL in liquid are close to the commonly known values. The Young's modulus of LDL or HDL is ∼0.4 GPa which is similar to that of some viral capsids or nanovesicles but greatly larger than that of various liposomes. The adhesive force of LDL or HDL is small (∼200 pN). The comparison of AFM detection in air and liquid was also performed which is currently lacking. Our data may provide useful information for better understanding and AFM detection of lipoproteins.

  20. CFD model of air movement in ventilated façade: comparison between natural and forced air flow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Mora Pérez, Gonzalo López Patiño, P. Amparo López Jiménez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes computational fluid dynamics (CFD modeling of ventilated façade. Ventilated façades are normal façade but it has an extra channel between the concrete wall and the (double skin façade. Several studies found in the literature are carried out with CFD simulations about the behavior of the thermodynamic phenomena of the double skin façades systems. These studies conclude that the presence of the air gap in the ventilated façade affects the temperature in the building skin, causing a cooling effect, at least in low-rise buildings. One of the most important factors affecting the thermal effects of ventilated façades is the wind velocity. In this contribution, a CFD analysis applied on two different velocity assumptions for air movement in the air gap of a ventilated façade is presented. A comparison is proposed considering natural wind induced velocity with forced fan induced velocity in the gap. Finally, comparing temperatures in the building skin, the differences between both solutions are described determining that, related to the considered boundary conditions, there is a maximum height in which the thermal effect of the induced flow is significantly observed.

  1. Source evaluation report phase 2 investigation: Limited field investigation. Final report: United States Air Force Environmental Restoration Program, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-10-01

    This report describes the limited field investigation work done to address issues and answer unresolved questions regarding a collection of potential contaminant sources at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB), near Fairbanks, Alaska. These sources were listed in the Eielson AFB Federal Facility Agreement supporting the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) cleanup of the base. The limited field investigation began in 1993 to resolve all remaining technical issues and provide the data and analysis required to evaluate the environmental hazard associated with these sites. The objective of the limited field investigation was to allow the remedial project managers to sort each site into one of three categories: requiring remedial investigation/feasibility study, requiring interim removal action, or requiring no further remedial action.

  2. INFLUENCE OF APPLYING ADDITIONAL FORCING FANS FOR THE AIR DISTRIBUTION IN VENTILATION NETWORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikodem SZLĄZAK

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Mining progress in underground mines cause the ongoing movement of working areas. Consequently, it becomes neces-sary to adapt the ventilation network of a mine to direct airflow into newly-opened districts. For economic reasons, opening new fields is often achieved via underground workings. Length of primary intake and return routes increases and also increases the total resistance of a complex ventilation network. The development of a subsurface structure can make it necessary to change the air distribution in a ventilation network. Increasing airflow into newly-opened districts is necessary. In mines where extraction does not entail gas-related hazards, there is possibility of implementing a push-pull ventilation system in order to supplement airflows to newly developed mining fields. This is achieved by installing sub-surface fan stations with forcing fans at the bottom of downcast shaft. In push-pull systems with multiple main fans, it is vital to select forcing fans with characteristic curves matching those of the existing exhaust fans to prevent undesirable mutual interaction. In complex ventilation networks it is necessary to calculate distribution of airflow (especially in net-works with a large number of installed fans. In the article the influence of applying additional forcing fans for the air distribution in ventilation network for underground mine were considered. There are also analysed the extent of over-pressure caused by the additional forcing fan in branches of the ventilation network (the operating range of additional forcing fan. Possibilities of increasing airflow rate in working areas were conducted.

  3. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) Federal Energy Management Program Technical Assistance Project 224 Altus Air Force Base Solar Technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Russo, Bryan J.

    2010-09-30

    The principal goal of this project was to evaluate altus Air Force Base for building integrated silicon or thin film module photovoltaic opportunities. This report documents PNNL's efforts and documents study conclusions.

  4. 75 FR 33587 - Local Redevelopment Authority and Available Surplus Buildings and Land at Air Force Research Labs...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-14

    ... Street, McClellan, CA 95652-1003, telephone (916) 643-6420, ext 100, or Ms. Debra Bahr, Realty Specialist, Air Force Real Property Agency, 2261 Hughes Ave, Ste. 121, Lackland AFB, TX 78236, telephone (210)...

  5. Publications and Presentations of the Ophthalmology Branch, U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, 2006-2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2013-0015 Publications and Presentations of the Ophthalmology Branch, U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, 2006...Aerospace Medicine Aerospace Medicine Department Ophthalmology Branch 2510 Fifth St. Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433-7913 Distribution A: Approved... Ophthalmology Branch, U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine, 2006-2010 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  6. Influence of future air pollution mitigation strategies on total aerosol radiative forcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kloster

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available We apply different aerosol and aerosol precursor emission scenarios reflecting possible future control strategies for air pollution in the ECHAM5-HAM model, and simulate the resulting effect on the Earth's radiation budget. We use two opposing future mitigation strategies for the year 2030: one in which emission reduction legislation decided in countries throughout the world are effectively implemented (current legislation; CLE 2030 and one in which all technical options for emission reductions are being implemented independent of their cost (maximum feasible reduction; MFR 2030.

    We consider the direct, semi-direct and indirect radiative effects of aerosols. The total anthropogenic aerosol radiative forcing defined as the difference in the top-of-the-atmosphere radiation between 2000 and pre-industrial times amounts to −2.00 W/m2. In the future this negative global annual mean aerosol radiative forcing will only slightly change (+0.02 W/m2 under the "current legislation" scenario. Regionally, the effects are much larger: e.g. over Eastern Europe radiative forcing would increase by +1.50 W/m2 because of successful aerosol reduction policies, whereas over South Asia it would decrease by −1.10 W/m2 because of further growth of emissions. A "maximum feasible reduction" of aerosols and their precursors would lead to an increase of the global annual mean aerosol radiative forcing by +1.13 W/m2. Hence, in the latter case, the present day negative anthropogenic aerosol forcing could be more than halved by 2030 because of aerosol reduction policies and climate change thereafter will be to a larger extent be controlled by greenhouse gas emissions.

    We combined these two opposing future mitigation strategies for a number of experiments focusing on different sectors and regions. In addition, we performed sensitivity studies to estimate the importance of future changes in

  7. The metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular mortality in US Air Force veterans of the Vietnam War

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pavuk, M. [SpecPro, Inc. (United States); Michalek, J.; Jackson Jr., W.; Ketchum, N. [Air Force Research Laboratory (United States)

    2004-09-15

    The metabolic syndrome is a clustering of risk factors such as disturbed glucose and insulin metabolism, obesity and visceral adiposity, low HDL cholesterol, hypertension, and a systemic pro-inflammatory state. Its subsequent association with development of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes makes it a major health care issue. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the United States is roughly 25% for adults over 20 and up to 40% for those over 60 years old. Although the estimates on the prevalence differ and various criteria have been used in classification of metabolic syndrome, few seem to disagree that it has reached epidemic proportions. Two major definitions have been proposed by World Health Organization (WHO) and the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III). The exact definition of the syndrome and the importance of individual components in the etiology of the syndrome are still under intense investigation. The Air Force Health Study is a 25-year prospective study examining the health, mortality and reproductive outcomes in US Air Force veterans of Operation Ranch Hand who sprayed herbicides, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) - contaminated Agent Orange, in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971. Veterans who flew or serviced C-130 transport aircraft in Southeast Asia during the same time period but did not spray herbicides served as comparisons. In this study we examined whether the NCEP-defined metabolic syndrome in Air Force veterans who attended the 1982 baseline examination was associated with their subsequent cardiovascular and any-cause mortality and whether exposure to herbicides had any effect on this association.

  8. Infection control hazards associated with the use of forced-air warming in operating theatres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, A M; Moss, C; Keenan, A; Reed, M R; Leaper, D J

    2014-11-01

    A review is presented of the published experimental and clinical research into the infection control hazards of using forced air-warming (FAW) in operating theatres to prevent inadvertent hypothermia. This evidence has been reviewed with emphasis on the use of ultra-clean ventilation, any interaction it has with different types of patient warming (and FAW in particular), and any related increased risk of surgical site infection (SSI). We conclude that FAW does contaminate ultra-clean air ventilation; however, there appears to be no definite link to an increased risk of SSI based on current research. Nevertheless, whereas this remains unproven, we recommend that surgeons should at least consider alternative patient-warming systems in areas where contamination of the operative field may be critical. Although this is not a systematic review of acceptable randomized controlled clinical trials, which do not exist, it does identify that there is a need for definitive research in this field.

  9. Identifying Stratospheric Air Intrusions and Associated Hurricane-Force Wind Events over the North Pacific Ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malloy, Kelsey; Folmer, Michael J.; Phillips, Joseph; Sienkiewicz, Joseph M.; Berndt, Emily

    2017-01-01

    Motivation: Ocean data is sparse: reliance on satellite imagery for marine forecasting; Ocean Prediction Center (OPC) –“mariner’s weather lifeline”. Responsible for: Pacific, Atlantic, Pacific Alaska surface analyses –24, 48, 96 hrs.; Wind & wave analyses –24, 48, 96 hrs.; Issue warnings, make decisions, Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite –R Series (now GOES-16), Compared to the old GOES: 3 times spectral resolution, 4 times spatial resolution, 5 times faster coverage; Comparable to Japanese Meteorological Agency’s Himawari-8, used a lot throughout this research. Research Question: How can integrating satellite data imagery and derived products help forecasters improve prognosis of rapid cyclogenesis and hurricane-force wind events? Phase I –Identifying stratospheric air intrusions: Water Vapor –6.2, 6.9, 7.3 micron channels; Airmass RGB Product; AIRS, IASI, NUCAPS total column ozone and ozone anomaly; ASCAT (A/B) and AMSR-2 wind data.

  10. Simplified model for a ventilated glass window under forced air flow conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismail, K.A.R. [Depto. de Engenharia Termica e de Fluidos-FEM-UNICAMP CP: 6122 CEP 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Henriquez, J.R. [Depto. de Eng. Mecanica-DEMEC, UFPE Av. Academico Helio Ramos, S/N CEP 50740-530, Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2006-02-01

    This paper presents a study on a ventilated window composed of two glass sheets separated by a spacing through which air is forced to flow. The proposed model is one dimensional and unsteady based upon global energy balance over the glass sheets and the flowing fluid. The external glass sheet of the cavity is subjected to variable heat flow due to the solar radiation as well as variable external ambient temperature. The exchange of radiation energy (infrared radiation) between the glass sheets is also included in the formulation. Effects of the spacing between the glass sheets, variation of the forced mass flow rate on the total heat gain and the shading coefficients are investigated. The results show that the effect of the increase of the mass flow rate is found to reduce the mean solar heat gain and the shading coefficients while the increase of the fluid entry temperature is found to deteriorate the window thermal performance. (author)

  11. With Courage: The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Phillips’s Alone No More. A battle-damaged B- 17G chris- tened " Sweet Rose O’Grady" from the 303d Bomb Group limps home under the watch- ful eyes of two...inflicted on the Eighth Air Force at 225 ¸r V - SBig Week / ’ AJI ", Winter cloud cover over targets in Germany Waggonfabrik, turning out Bf 10s that were...TAC, commanded by Maj. Gen. Otto P. Weyland, proved itself to Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, Jr. Weyland cultivated the choleric Patton while putting an

  12. The Correlation of Radon Concentration with Various Building Attributes at U.S. Air Force Bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-01

    these daughter products that continue to decay giving off radiation which can then lead to the development of lung cancer . The United States Air Force...USAF) is concerned about the increased risk of developing lung cancer by persons exposed to elevated levels of radon in their domiciles and in their...CONOM 0 S * 0 0 a N&NO.)C Nowfum - a w em C mec0- C Mama - 00 4.4 .Q0 0 40 VO O 02ýCt > a MW 0 5 O 0 500 0 ’-ONM > Co S- -W N 00l 0 N 0 O--0 CPe go - Na Wm

  13. Environmental Assessment for the Hilltop Community Services District, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    exposure limits for  workplace  stressors. The  Air Force standards also address protection from occupational noise exposure compliant with OSHA’s...of the action ( extinction  of a threatened or  endangered species or the destruction of a cultural site).  Labor, energy, materials, and capital would

  14. A Plan for Air Force Use of the World Wide Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    0 * to G. Richard Thoman, senior vice-president of IBM’s Personal Computer Company.ŗ This year he expects that number to reach 56 percent, and by...is simple. Like a CD-ROM, it is a multimedia publishing medium. Richard A. Shaffer, principal with Technologic Partners, explains, "The potential is...Hof, p. 123. "•9Peggy Dorf , "High-Tech Firms Launching Clients into Cybcrspa.," Public Relations Journal, May 1995, p. 30. (’A)Air Force Memorandunt for

  15. Analysis of United States Air Forces Central Government Purchase Card Reachback Viability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    Kiser HQ ACC – A7/K Langley AFB, VA 7. Col Marvin Smith HQ AFCENT – A7 Shaw AFB, SC 8. Lt Col Timothy Hawkins Naval Postgraduate School...Colonel Marvin Smith – for providing the necessary resources for us to go on the PMA trip • Colonel Scott Kiser – for selecting us to accompany Maj...closest to the originating location of the supply chain, which is usually in the contiguous United States. USAFCENT, based out of Shaw Air Force Base

  16. Supporting the Future Total Force: A Methodology for Evaluating Potential Air National Guard Mission Assignments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    U.S. Air Forces, Central Command CENTCOM U.S. Central Command CIRF centralized intermediate repair facility CMDB Consolidated Manpower Database CMS...See http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/end-strength.htm. 6 Roughly 83,854, or 23 percent. See Consolidated Manpower Database ( CMDB ), as...19,124 9,171 6,606 9,227 Intermediate-level authorizations 16,191 3,660 5,788 11,878 Total authorizations 35,315 12,831 12,394 21,105 SOURCE: CMDB as

  17. Seconds Before Disaster. Air Force Civil Engineer, Volume 14, Number 1, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    drill. The light cans were then installed in PVC liners and encased in concrete. This gave a very clean result that didn’t require patching around...anti-personnel mine, designed to blow up not when weight is put on it, but when it is removed. As he stepped off the mine, it exploded, blowing off...young NCO develop and practice those quality Air Force traits. Those traits molded my son into an outstanding NCO with a bright future,” CMSgt

  18. Learning Styles of Pilots Currently Qualified in United States Air Force Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanske, Craig A.

    2001-01-01

    Kolb's Learning Style Inventory was used to identify the predominant learning styles of pilots currently qualified in United States Air Force aircraft. The results indicate that these pilots show a significant preference for facts and things over people and feelings. By understanding the preferred learning styles of the target population, course material can be developed that take advantage of the strengths of these learning styles. This information can be especially useful in the future design of cockpit resource management training. The training program can be developed to demonstrate both that there are different learning styles and that it is possible to take advantage of the relative strengths of each of these learning styles.

  19. United States Air Force Research Initiation Program. 1985 Technical Report. Volume 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    I06 31 Simultaneous Lidar Measurements Dr. Chester S. Gardner of the Sodium Layer at the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory and the University of...directional stabilizing power of the vertical tail in side slip. Body and nacelle geometry are also factors in determining C-N-BETA. For the C-5 these...of C-N-R is essentially the same as for C-N-BETA, except that C-N-R does not contain a body or nacelle contribution. This would indicate that the

  20. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1962, Seventeenth Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-09-30

    reached 1,100 degrees Farenheit . (ll) The Air Force was given responsibility for administrative and logistic support of Headquarters, US Strike Com- mand...HU-lA - - - - - 1 - - - - HU-lB 70 70 - - - 57 - - - - . SECOND HALF FY 1962 (l.Ja~u ~ 0 2lf 451 61 49 15 467 20 1 6 35- BOMBER- W& 0 .2...QUARTER FAR EAST AND PACIFIC (Continued) Vietnam (Continued) . L:l9 17,833 4,162 4,960 3,906 4,805 L-20 .,. 1,542 - - 540 1,002 H-19A. 1,068 385 451 232

  1. U.S. Air Force Scientific and Technical Information Program - The STINFO Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blados, Walter R.

    1991-01-01

    The U.S. Air Force STINFO (Scientific and Technical Information) program has as its main goal the proper use of all available scientific and technical information in the development of programs. The organization of STINFO databases, the use of STINFO in the development and advancement of aerospace science and technology and the acquisition of superior systems at lowest cost, and the application to public and private sectors of technologies developed for military uses are examined. STINFO user training is addressed. A project for aerospace knowledge diffusion is discussed.

  2. Air Force Research Laboratory Test and Evaluation, Verification and Validation of Autonomous Systems Challenge Exploration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-13

    A. "Technology Horizons a Vision for Air Force Science & Technology During 2010- 2030 ." USAF HQ (2010). 4 Fisher, Michael, Louise Dennis, and Matt...RQQA, 2210 8th Street , Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 Workshop Agenda 1. DAY 1 ‐ PROBLEM SPACE EXPLORATION 1.1. ALIGN – Introductions and...4063 Other requests shall be referred to AFRL/RQQA, 2210 8th Street , Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 Workshop Agenda 3. DAY 1 ‐ PROBLEM SPACE

  3. Environmental Impact Statement. Small Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Program Malmstrom Air Force Base, Montana. Appendix E

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-01

    ste o rlede~d. The hesrirg officerr.0iy pa C4 E-67 DOCUMENT 10 DOCUMENT 10 PUBLIC HEARING COMMENT SHEET 5 Small IcaOM Progrsm Maimalronl Air Force Hase...Cultural Resourcies ttouing N.tiz. Ame~rican Resources Housin Native American Renvurers Educaion Biological Resources Educaton BrigelResources Publc .. e...Designated WepcctevrtlnrPriat ,rtcarotPniwi ilrgnvicimo (:1c " icial of Private Orfanination Cititei, pa ... Checek here it you wirh to ark e quriti

  4. Challenges to United States Tactical Air Force Aircraft Maintenance Personnel: Past, Present and Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Korean War. MS thesis, AFIT/GSM/L/88S-7. School of Systems and Logistics, Air Force Institute of Technology, Wright-Patterson APB OH, September 1988 (AD...1.5-billion program, MSIP is upgrading 15 line replaceable units (LRUs) in the Hughes APG-63 radar and other key avionics systems to extend the...1980. 11. Forney, Captain James I. Logistics Of Aircrnt Mmintenance During The Korean War. MS thesis, AFIT/GSM/LS/88S-7. School of Systems and Logistics

  5. Disqualifying Medical Conditions of Flying Personnel in Chinese Army and Air Force

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-wei Wang; Shu-xuan Xu; Xian-rong Xu; Tong-xin Chen

    2008-01-01

    @@ After inpatient aircrews of Chinese Army and Air Force are treated at local hospitals,their health status will be evaluated.If it is aeronantieally adaptable,the conclusion would be flying qualification;if it may impact the flight safety or the flight environment may aggravate the illness,the conclusion would be flight suspension,and then the patient should be forwarded from local hospital to our hospital.After detailed examination,if the conditions of flying personnel are considered not qualified for flight,the conclusion of flying disqualification should be made finally.

  6. Group 13, 1990 ASCAN Ellen Ochoa trains at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Group 13, 1990 Astronaut Candidate (ASCAN) Ellen Ochoa, wearing helmet and in full parachute equipment, waits while a training instructor adjusts her parachute harness prior to a parasail training exercise at Vance Air Force Base (AFB) in Enid, Oklahoma. When adjusted correctly, Ochoa will be pulled behind a moving vehicle to simulate a parachute jump from an airplane in an emergency situation. The parachute creates the backdrop for this photo. Ochoa, along with 22 other ASCANs, participated in this survival training course at Vance from 07-29-90 through 07-31-90.

  7. Group 13, 1990 ASCAN Ellen Ochoa parasails at Vance Air Force Base, Oklahoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Group 13, 1990 Astronaut Candidate (ASCAN) Ellen Ochoa, wearing helmet and holding onto parachute harness, parasails during a survival training course exercise at Vance Air Force Base (AFB) in Enid, Oklahoma. In this phase of the course, the trainee, in full parachute equipment, is pulled behind a moving vehicle to simulate a parachute jump from an airplane in an emergency situation. Her parachute forms the backdrop for the photo. Ochoa, along with 22 other ASCANs, began a year's training and evaluation in July. This session was conducted from 07-29-90 through 07-31-90.

  8. A Kernel of Air Force Strategy: Diagnosis, Guiding Policy, and Coherent Action in the Late 1940s

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-01

    effective Air Force Strategy. General Eisenhower referred to the demand of the public as an “ emotional wave to get men out of the Army” reaching...argument in the context of strategic threats, evoking an emotional response from most Americans. In contrast, General Marshall’s view reflected...also fought over transport assets. Rear Admiral Joseph Reeves , commander of the Naval Air Transport Service, cast doubt upon the Air Transport

  9. Transfer of Air Force technical procurement bid set data to small businesses, using CALS and EDI. Summary report. Revision 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-01-10

    This report provides a summary of the Air Force CALS Test Network (AFCTN) Test Report Transfer of Air Force Technical Procurement Bid Set Data to Small Businesses, Using CALS and EDI (AFCTN Test Report 94-034, UCRL-ID-118619). It represents a synthesis of the results, conclusions, and recommendations, as well as a more concise presentation of the issues and strategies as viewed from AFCTN`s perspective. This report documents a test transfer of three Air Force technical procurement bid sets to one large and twelve small businesses, using the Department of Defense (DoD) Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support (CALS) and ANSI ASC X12 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards. The main goal of the test was to evaluate the effectiveness of using CALS technical data within the context of the DoD`s EDI-based standard approach to electronic commerce in procurement, with particular emphasis on receipt and use of the data by small contractors. Air Force procurement data was provided by the Sacramento Air Logistics Center at McClellan Air Force Base; the manufacturing participants were selected from among McClellan`s {open_quote}Blue Ribbon{close_quote} contractors, located throughout the United States. The test was sponsored by the Air Force CALS Test Network, headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The test successfully demonstrated the technical feasibility of including CALS MIL-R-28002 (Raster) engineering data in an EDI Specification/Technical Information transaction set (ANSI ASC X12 841) when issuing electronic requests for quotation to small businesses. In many cases, the data was complete enough for the contractor participant to feel comfortable generating a quote.

  10. The Measurement of Human Intellectual Capital in the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-03-01

    preferences, trends, and competitive intelligence . This suggests that customer capital is not just in the hearts of the customer, but it is also knowledge or...Edvinsson 1997) Information Investment Investment in competitive intelligence programs (Edvinsson 1997) Investment in information processing systems

  11. Final Supplemental Environmental Assessment of Proposed Actions by the 58th Special Operations Wing, Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    Defense Threat Reduction Agency  Finley,  Carol  A USAF AFMC 377 MSG/CEANQ  Natural Resources Program Manager  Air Force Materiel Command/377th Mission...Engineering  Ragan, Elmer W USAF AFMC 377 ABW/SE  Chief, Safety   Air Force Materiel Command/377th Air Base  Wing/Safety  Reese , Ian E USAF AETC 58 OSS

  12. How to Train a Dragon: How the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) Modernizes to Fight and Win Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    investment. The third and final premise addresses corruption and vigilance against fraud , waste, and abuse. Xi proclaims, “The forces...had their first joint search in the same mission area in the search of Malaysia Airlines MH370 in the southern Indian Ocean. In this mission...maintaining an effective military. Recent anti- corruption campaigns have removed toxic senior leadership within the PLA, which indicates that the PLAAF

  13. Groundwater level and nitrate concentration trends on Mountain Home Air Force Base, southwestern Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Marshall L.

    2014-01-01

    Mountain Home Air Force Base in southwestern Idaho draws most of its drinking water from the regional aquifer. The base is located within the State of Idaho's Mountain Home Groundwater Management Area and is adjacent to the State's Cinder Cone Butte Critical Groundwater Area. Both areas were established by the Idaho Department of Water Resources in the early 1980s because of declining water levels in the regional aquifer. The base also is listed by the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality as a nitrate priority area. The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force, began monitoring wells on the base in 1985, and currently monitors 25 wells for water levels and 17 wells for water quality, primarily nutrients. This report provides a summary of water-level and nitrate concentration data collected primarily between 2001 and 2013 and examines trends in those data. A Regional Kendall Test was run to combine results from all wells to determine an overall regional trend in water level. Groundwater levels declined at an average rate of about 1.08 feet per year. Nitrate concentration trends show that 3 wells (18 percent) are increasing in nitrate concentration trend, 3 wells (18 percent) show a decreasing nitrate concentration trend, and 11 wells (64 percent) show no nitrate concentration trend. Six wells (35 percent) currently exceed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's maximum contaminant limit of 10 milligrams per liter for nitrate (nitrite plus nitrate, measured as nitrogen).

  14. Stigma and barriers to accessing mental health services perceived by Air Force nursing personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez, Stephen H A; Bedrick, Edward J; Parshall, Mark B

    2014-11-01

    We investigated perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with accessing mental health services among active component U.S. Air Force officer and enlisted nursing personnel (N = 211). The Britt and Hoge et al Stigma scale and Hoge et al Barriers to Care scale were administered via an anonymous, online survey. Stigma items pertained to concerns that might affect decisions to seek mental health treatment. Most of the sample agreed with the items "Members of my unit might have less confidence in me" and "My unit leadership might treat me differently." Approximately 20% to 46% agreed with the other four stigma items. Officer nursing personnel were significantly more likely than enlisted to agree that accessing mental health services would be embarrassing, harm their career, or cause leaders to blame them for the problem (p ≤ 0.03 for each comparison). Getting time off from work for treatment and scheduling appointments were perceived as barriers by 41% and 21% of respondents, respectively. We conclude that proportions of Air Force nursing personnel reporting concerns about potential stigmatizing consequences of seeking mental health care are substantial and similar to ranges previously reported by military service members screening positive for mental health problems after deployment.

  15. Patrick Air Force Base integrated resource assessment. Volume 3, Resource assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandusky, W.F.; Parker, S.A.; King, D.A.; Wahlstrom, R.R.; Elliott, D.B.; Shankle, S.A.

    1993-12-01

    The US Air Force has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in support of the US Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost effective energy projects at Patrick Air Force Base (AFB). This is part of a model program that PNL is designing to support energy-use decisions in the federal sector. This report provides the results of the fossil fuel and electric energy resource opportunity (ERO) assessments performed by PNL at Patrick AFB which is located south of Cocoa Beach, Florida. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume.2, Baseline Detail. The results of the analyses of EROs are presented in 11 common energy end-use categories. A narrative description of each ERO is provided, including information on the installed cost, energy and dollar savings, impacts on operations and maintenance, and, when applicable, a discussion of energy supply and demand, energy security, and environmental issues. A description of the evaluation methodologies and technical and cost assumptions is also provided for each ERO. Summary tables present the cost-effectiveness of energy end-use equipment before and after the implementation of each ERO and present the results of the life-cycle cost analysis indicating the net present value and value index of each ERO.

  16. Operable Unit 1 remedial investigation report, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilmore, T.J.; Fruland, R.M.; Liikala, T.L. [and others

    1994-06-01

    This remedial investigation report for operable Unit 1 (OU-1) at Eielson Air Force Base presents data, calculations, and conclusions as to the nature and extent of surface and subsurface contamination at the eight source areas that make up OU-1. The information is based on the 1993 field investigation result and previous investigations. This report is the first in a set of three for OU-1. The other reports are the baseline risk assessment and feasibility study. The information in these reports will lead to a Record of Decision that will guide and conclude the environmental restoration effort for OU-1 at Eielson Air Force Base. The primary contaminants of concern include fuels and fuel-related contaminants (diesel; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene; total petroleum hydrocarbon; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), maintenance-related solvents and cleaners (volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons such as trichloroothylene), polychlorinated biphenyls, and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). The origins of contaminants of concern include leaks from storage tanks, drums and piping, and spills. Ongoing operations and past sitewide practices also contribute to contaminants of concern at OU-1 source areas. These include spraying mixed oil and solvent wastes on unpaved roads and aerial spraying of DDT.

  17. Automation&Characterization of US Air Force Bench Top Wind Tunnels - Summary Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hardy, J.E.

    2006-03-23

    The United States Air Force Precision Measurement Equipment Laboratories (PMEL) calibrate over 1,000 anemometer probes per year. To facilitate a more efficient calibration process for probe-style anemometers, the Air Force Metrology and Calibration Program underwent an effort to modernize the existing PMEL bench top wind tunnels. Through a joint effort with the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the performance of PMEL wind tunnels was improved. The improvement consisted of new high accuracy sensors, automatic data acquisition, and a software-driven calibration process. As part of the wind tunnel upgrades, an uncertainty analysis was completed, laser Doppler velocimeter profiling was conducted to characterize the velocities at probe locations in the wind tunnel, and pitot tube calibrations of the wind tunnel were verified. The bench top wind tunnel accuracy and repeatability has been measured for nine prototype wind tunnel systems and valuable field experience has been gained with these wind tunnels at the PMELs. This report describes the requirements for the wind tunnel improvements along with actual implementation strategies and details. Lessons-learned from the automation, the velocity profiling, and the software-driven calibration process will also be discussed.

  18. Fall 1994 wildlife and vegetation survey, Norton Air Force Base, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-15

    The fall 1994 wildlife and vegetation surveys were completed October 3-7, 1994, at Norton Air Force Base (AFB), California. Two biologists from CDM Federal Programs, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regional biologist and the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) lead biologist conducted the surveys. A habitat assessment of three Installation Restoration Project (IRP) sites at Norton Air Force Base was also completed during the fall survey period. The IRP sites include: Landfill No. 2 (Site 2); the Industrial Wastewater Treatment Plant (IWTP) area; and Former Fire Training Area No. 1 (Site 5). The assessments were designed to qualitatively characterize the sites of concern, identify potential ecological receptors, and provide information for Remedial Design/Remedial Action activities. A Reference Area (Santa Ana River Wash) and the base urban areas were also characterized. The reference area assessment was performed to provide a baseline for comparison with the IRP site habitats. The fall 1994 survey is the second of up to four surveys that may be completed. In order to develop a complete understanding of all plant and animal species using the base, these surveys were planned to be conducted over four seasons. Species composition can vary widely during the course of a year in Southern California, and therefore, seasonal surveys will provide the most complete and reliable data to address changes in habitat structure and wildlife use of the site. Subsequent surveys will focus on seasonal wildlife observations and a spring vegetation survey.

  19. Force

    CERN Document Server

    Graybill, George

    2007-01-01

    Forces are at work all around us. Discover what a force is, and different kinds of forces that work on contact and at a distance. We use simple language and vocabulary to make this invisible world easy for students to ""see"" and understand. Examine how forces ""add up"" to create the total force on an object, and reinforce concepts and extend learning with sample problems.

  20. Field measurements of efficiency and duct retrofit effectiveness in residential forced air distributions systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jump, D.A.; Walker, I.S.; Modera, M.P.

    1996-08-01

    Forced air distribution systems can have a significant impact on the energy consumed in residences. It is common practice in U.S. residential buildings to place such duct systems outside the conditioned space. This results in the loss of energy by leakage and conduction to the surroundings. In order to estimate the magnitudes of these losses, 24 houses in the Sacramento, California, area were tested before and after duct retrofitting. The systems in these houses included conventional air conditioning, gas furnaces, electric furnaces and heat pumps. The retrofits consisted of sealing and insulating the duct systems. The field testing consisted of the following measurements: leakage of the house envelopes and their ductwork, flow through individual registers, duct air temperatures, ambient temperatures, surface areas of ducts, and HVAC equipment energy consumption. These data were used to calculate distribution system delivery efficiency as well as the overall efficiency of the distribution system including all interactions with building load and HVAC equipment. Analysis of the test results indicate an average increase in delivery efficiency from 64% to 76% and a corresponding average decrease in HVAC energy use of 18%. This paper summarizes the pre- and post-retrofit efficiency measurements to evaluate the retrofit effectiveness, and includes cost estimates for the duct retrofits. The impacts of leak sealing and insulating will be examined separately. 8 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  1. Influence of future air pollution mitigation strategies on total aerosol radiative forcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kloster

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available We apply different aerosol and aerosol precursor emission scenarios reflecting possible future control strategies for air pollution in the ECHAM5-HAM model, and simulate the resulting effect on the Earth's radiation budget. We use two opposing future mitigation strategies for the year 2030: one in which emission reduction legislation decided in countries throughout the world are effectively implemented (current legislation; CLE 2030 and one in which all technical options for emission reductions are being implemented independent of their cost (maximum feasible reduction; MFR 2030.

    We consider the direct, semi-direct and indirect radiative effects of aerosols. The total anthropogenic aerosol radiative forcing defined as the difference in the top-of-the-atmosphere radiation between 2000 and pre-industrial times amounts to −2.05 W/m2. In the future this negative global annual mean aerosol radiative forcing will only slightly change (+0.02 W/m2 under the "current legislation" scenario. Regionally, the effects are much larger: e.g. over Eastern Europe radiative forcing would increase by +1.50 W/m2 because of successful aerosol reduction policies, whereas over South Asia it would decrease by −1.10 W/m2 because of further growth of emissions. A "maximum feasible reduction" of aerosols and their precursors would lead to an increase of the global annual mean aerosol radiative forcing by +1.13 W/m2. Hence, in the latter case, the present day negative anthropogenic aerosol forcing cloud be more than halved by 2030 because of aerosol reduction policies and climate change thereafter will be to a larger extend be controlled by greenhouse gas emissions.

    We combined these two opposing future mitigation strategies for a number of experiments focusing on different sectors and regions. In addition, we performed sensitivity studies to estimate the importance of future changes in

  2. Model of Air Force Logistics War Fighting Experimentation%空军后勤作战实验模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宗龙强; 罗兴永; 温继海

    2016-01-01

    为提高空军后勤作战实验模型构建的质量和效益,构建一种空军后勤作战实验5层结构模型体系。在深入分析空军后勤系统的基础上,通过分析空军后勤作战实验模型体系的构建要求,运用UML建立了飞行保障指挥控制模型。分析结果表明:该5层结构模型体系基本厘清了空军后勤作战实验模型构建需求,为模型构建工作提供了一个基本的架构。%In order to improve the quality and efficiency of model of air force logistics war fighting experimentation, establish a five-level architecture model system of air force logistics. By penetratingly analyzing the air force logistics system, through analyze air construction requirement force logistics war fighting experimentation model system, use UML to establish flight protection command control model. The analysis results show that, the five-level architecture model system meets the establishment requirement of air force logistics war fighting experimentation, and provides a basic architecture for the model establishment.

  3. Measuring the Return on Investment and Real Option Value of Weather Sensor Bundles for Air Force Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-30

    related GIS tools in optimizing agricultural site selection and precision agriculture yields. • Technology . Use of networked IP addressable sensors...specializes in valuing intellectual capital, knowledge management, telecommunications, information technology , value-based business process...processes and supporting technologies must evolve to enable optimized RPA operational performance by providing weather products that achieve high levels of

  4. Investment Avenues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Priyanka

    2012-11-01

    Investors are a heterogeneous group, they may be large or small, rich or poor, expert or lay man and not all investors need equal degree of protection (Mayya, 1996). An investor has three objectives while investing his money, namely safety of invested money, liquidity position of invested money and return on investment. The return on investment may further be divided into capital gain and the rate of return on investment as interest or dividend. Among all investment options available, securities are considered the most challenging as well as rewarding. Securities include shares, debentures, derivatives, units of mutual funds, Government securities etc. An investor may be an individual or corporate legal entity investing funds with a view to derive maximum economic advantage from investment such as rate of return, capital appreciation, marketability, tax advantage and convenience of investment.The Capital market facilitates mobilization of savings of individuals and pools them into reservoir of capital which can be used for the economic development of a country. An efficient capital market is essential for raising capital by the corporate sector of the economy and for the protection of the interest of investors in corporate securities. There arises a need to strike a balance between raising of capital for economic development on one side and protection of investors on the other. Unless the interests of investors are protected, raising of capital, by corporates is not possible. Like, the primary objective of a senior citizenís asset allocation is the generation of regular income.

  5. Air quality and radiative forcing impacts of anthropogenic volatile organic compound emissions from ten world regions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Fry

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs influence air quality and global climate change through their effects on secondary air pollutants and climate forcers. Here we simulate the air quality and radiative forcing (RF impacts of changes in ozone, methane, and sulfate from halving anthropogenic NMVOC emissions globally and from 10 regions individually, using a global chemical transport model and a standalone radiative transfer model. Halving global NMVOC emissions decreases global annual average tropospheric methane and ozone by 36.6 ppbv and 3.3 Tg, respectively, and surface ozone by 0.67 ppbv. All regional reductions slow the production of PAN, resulting in regional to intercontinental PAN decreases and regional NOx increases. These NOx increases drive tropospheric ozone increases nearby or downwind of source regions in the Southern Hemisphere (South America, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Australia. Some regions' NMVOC emissions contribute importantly to air pollution in other regions, such as East Asia, Middle East, and Europe, whose impact on US surface ozone is 43%, 34%, and 34% of North America's impact. Global and regional NMVOC reductions produce widespread negative net RFs (cooling across both hemispheres from tropospheric ozone and methane decreases, and regional warming and cooling from changes in tropospheric ozone and sulfate (via several oxidation pathways. The total global net RF for NMVOCs is estimated as 0.0277 W m−2 (~1.8% of CO2 RF since the preindustrial. The 100 yr and 20 yr global warming potentials (GWP100, GWP20 are 2.36 and 5.83 for the global reduction, and 0.079 to 6.05 and −1.13 to 18.9 among the 10 regions. The NMVOC RF and GWP estimates are generally lower than previously modeled estimates, due to differences among models in ozone, methane, and sulfate sensitivities, and the climate forcings included in each estimate. Accounting for a~fuller set of RF contributions may change the relative magnitude of each

  6. A method for calculation of forces acting on air cooled gas turbine blades based on the aerodynamic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grković Vojin R.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the mathematical model and the procedure for calculation of the resultant force acting on the air cooled gas turbine blade(s based on the aerodynamic theory and computation of the circulation around the blade profile. In the conducted analysis was examined the influence of the cooling air mass flow expressed through the cooling air flow parameter λc, as well as, the values of the inlet and outlet angles β1 and β2, on the magnitude of the tangential and axial forces. The procedure and analysis were exemplified by the calculation of the tangential and axial forces magnitudes. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije: Development and building the demonstrative facility for combined heat and power with gasification

  7. Supplemental site inspection for Air Force Plant 59, Johnson City, New York, Volume 3: Appendices F-Q

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nashold, B.; Rosenblatt, D.; Hau, J. [and others

    1995-08-01

    This summary describes a Supplemental Site Inspection (SSI) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at Air Force Plant 59 (AFP 59) in Johnson City, New York. All required data pertaining to this project were entered by ANL into the Air Force-wide Installation Restoration Program Information System (IRPIMS) computer format and submitted to an appropriate authority. The work was sponsored by the United States Air Force as part of its Installation Restoration Program (IRP). Previous studies had revealed the presence of contaminants at the site and identified several potential contaminant sources. Argonne`s study was conducted to answer questions raised by earlier investigations. This volume consists of appendices F-Q, which contain the analytical data from the site characterization.

  8. Supplemental site inspection for Air Force Plant 59, Johnson City, New York, Volume 2: Appendices A-E

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nashold, B.; Rosenblatt, D.; Tomasko, D. [and others

    1995-08-01

    This summary describes a Supplemental Site Inspection (SSI) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at Air Force Plant 59 (AFP 59) in Johnson City, New York. All required data pertaining to this project were entered by ANL into the Air Force-wide Installation Restoration Program Information System (IRPIMS) computer format and submitted to an appropriate authority. The work was sponsored by the United States Air Force as part of its Installation Restoration Program (IRP). Previous studies had revealed the presence of contaminants at the site and identified several potential contaminant sources. Argonne`s study was conducted to answer questions raised by earlier investigations. This volume consists of appendices A-E, containing field data and data validation.

  9. Development of residential-conservation-survey methodology for the US Air Force. Interim report. Task two

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abrams, D. W.; Hartman, T. L.; Lau, A. S.

    1981-11-13

    A US Air Force (USAF) Residential Energy Conservation Methodology was developed to compare USAF needs and available data to the procedures of the Residential Conservation Service (RCS) program as developed for general use by utility companies serving civilian customers. Attention was given to the data implications related to group housing, climatic data requirements, life-cycle cost analysis, energy saving modifications beyond those covered by RCS, and methods for utilizing existing energy consumption data in approaching the USAF survey program. Detailed information and summaries are given on the five subtasks of the program. Energy conservation alternatives are listed and the basic analysis techniques to be used in evaluating their thermal performane are described. (MCW)

  10. FIRE, FLOOD AND ICE: SEARCH AND RESCUE MISSIONS OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN AIR FORCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindelwa Simphiwe Mnyandu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Between the end of 1999 and the early months of the year 2000, the south western parts of South Africa (SA were subjected to raging infernos that saw a lot of commercial wine farms as well as tourist spots almost irreparably ravaged. With volunteers and rescue personnel still gasping for fresh breath another disaster, in the form of torrential rains, struck the impoverished country of Mozambique and the north western parts of SA. The attendant floods did not only cripple agriculture but also drowned people and livestock alike. With them, also came the first "treebirth" in this new millennium (if not in the history of mankind. In both catastrophes, the men and women of the South African Air Force (SAAF, as well as thousands of other volunteers, worked tirelessly and unselfishly in efforts to save endangered lives and property and to bring a sense of normality in otherwise tragic circumstances.

  11. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1978. Thirty-Third Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-05-31

    MEXICO ~ ~o PAR!’ I •.--.UNCLASSIFIED PART I AIR fORCE UNITS AND CAPABILITIES INTRODUCTION...34 1 2!:.- 2 ft6 .IE,...c: .l ali 8𔃻 111.2en ft 80 68 15.3 ~"’ ~ TOTAL lEe 2it3 127.0 !i-e -e 0-21 1 1U75 11077 󈧑.3 2 120󈧗 lUJO ’:!.6 3 11J26 11692...8,293 Arkansa~. 9,1% ~lew Jlamp~hir.. 3,~74 Arizona 16,829 ’I\\’f~".or Jersey. 5,138 Ne’l’ Mexico . 13,976 raliforni a. 53,191 New York. 9,413

  12. Corrective lens use and refractive error among United States Air Force aircrew.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Steve T; Ivan, Douglas J; Clark, Patrick J; Gooch, John M; Thompson, William

    2010-03-01

    Corrective lens use by military aviators is an important consideration in the design of head-mounted equipment. The United States Air Force (USAF) has periodically monitored lens use by aviators; however, it has been over a decade since the last study. We provide an update on the prevalence of corrective lenses and refractive error among USAF aircrew based on eyeglass orders processed through the Spectacle Request Transmission System (SRTS). Currently, 41% of active duty USAF pilots and 54% of other aircrew require corrective lenses to perform flight duties. Refractive errors are characterized by low to moderate levels of myopia with a mean spherical equivalent power of -1.01 diopters (D) for pilots and -1.68 D for others. Contact lenses, and more recently refractive surgery, reduce the number of aircrew that must rely on spectacles when flying; however, spectacle compatibility remains an important consideration in the cockpit.

  13. The Digital Twin Paradigm for Future NASA and U.S. Air Force Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaessgen, Edward H.; Stargel, D. S.

    2012-01-01

    Future generations of NASA and U.S. Air Force vehicles will require lighter mass while being subjected to higher loads and more extreme service conditions over longer time periods than the present generation. Current approaches for certification, fleet management and sustainment are largely based on statistical distributions of material properties, heuristic design philosophies, physical testing and assumed similitude between testing and operational conditions and will likely be unable to address these extreme requirements. To address the shortcomings of conventional approaches, a fundamental paradigm shift is needed. This paradigm shift, the Digital Twin, integrates ultra-high fidelity simulation with the vehicle s on-board integrated vehicle health management system, maintenance history and all available historical and fleet data to mirror the life of its flying twin and enable unprecedented levels of safety and reliability.

  14. An analysis of post-traumatic stress symptoms in United States Air Force drone operators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chappelle, Wayne; Goodman, Tanya; Reardon, Laura; Thompson, William

    2014-06-01

    Remotely piloted aircraft (RPA), commonly referred to as "drones," have emerged over the past decade as an innovative warfighting tool. Given there is a paucity of empirical research assessing drone operators, the purpose of this study was to assess for the prevalence of PTSD symptoms among this cohort. Of the 1084 United States Air Force (USAF) drone operators that participated, a total of 4.3% endorsed a pattern of symptoms of moderate to extreme level of severity meeting criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-4th edition. The incidence of PTSD among USAF drone operators in this study was lower than rates of PTSD (10-18%) among military personnel returning from deployment but higher than incidence rates (less than 1%) of USAF drone operators reported in electronic medical records. Although low PTSD rates may be promising, limitations to this study are discussed.

  15. High Speed Photography, Videography, And Photonic Instrumentation Development At The Air Force Armament Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Donald R.; Powell, Rodney M.

    1989-02-01

    The Instrumentation Technology Branch of the Air Force Armament Laboratory is currently involved in the development of several high speed photographic, videographic, and photonic instrumentation systems to support the testing and analysis of developmental weapons and test items under dynamic conditions. These projects include development of a large format (14 inch by 17 inch) laser illuminated Cranz-Schardin shadowgraph system for materials research, development of a solid state imager based shadowgraph system for aeroballistic studies, experiments with gated imagers for a variety of test applications, and experiments with high speed video imagers and illuminators for airborne and range tracking instrumentation. An additional issue discussed is the development of a timing and annotation standard for video imaging instrumentation systems operating at higher than NTSC standard rates.

  16. Experimental investigation on steam condensation in the presence of air and helium: forced convection conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucci, M., E-mail: matteo.bucci@cea.fr [Univ. of Pisa, DIMNP, Pisa (Italy); CEA Saclay, CEA/DEN/DANS/DM2S/SFME/LETR (France); Ambrosini, W.; Forgione, N. [Univ. of Pisa, DIMNP, Pisa (Italy); Lioce, D [Univ. of Pisa, DIMNP, Pisa (Italy); Westinghouse Electric Belguim, Nivelles (Belgium)

    2011-07-01

    This paper discusses the results obtained from recent experimental investigations devoted to the study of steam condensation in the presence of air and a light noncondensable gas. The experiments are intended to provide data for the validation of engineering models and CFD codes. The original experimental data herein discussed focus on forced convection turbulent boundary layer conditions and involve atmospheric pressure, different conditions for mixture velocity (from 1.5 to 3.5 m/s), mixture composition (form 0 to 75 per cent of the light species in the overall amount of noncondensable gases) and two nominal electrical power supply of the steam generator. The experimental data are qualified against correlations based on the heat and mass transfer analogy and to the predictions obtained by an in house condensation model implemented in a commercial CFD code. (author)

  17. The psychologist and the bombardier: the Army Air Forces' aircrew classification program in WWII.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holmes, Marcia E

    2014-03-01

    During World War II, psychologists in the Army Air Forces were given an unprecedented opportunity to showcase their discipline by developing examinations to test the aptitude of aviation cadets as pilots, navigators, or bombardiers. These psychologists enjoyed success in classifying pilots and navigators, but became quickly frustrated by their results for bombardiers. The trouble lay not in their choice of tests but in their performance measures for bombardiering, a difficulty that came to be known as 'the problem of the criterion.' This episode in the history of military mental testing exemplifies the challenges faced by psychologists at the moment they were poised to gain the support of the armed services, and highlights how these new hazards shaped postwar military psychology.

  18. Curtailment of soil vapor extraction systems at McClellan Air Force Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chapman, T.E. [BDM Federal, McClellan AFB, CA (United States); Mook, P.H. Jr.; Wong, K.B. [SM-ALC/EMR, McClellan AFB, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    McClellan Air Force Base (AFB), located near Sacramento, California, is one of the Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program`s National Environmental Technology Test Sites. McClellan AFB has implemented soil vapor extraction (SVE) as an Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis (EE/CA) non-time-critical remedial action for volatile organic compounds in soil. Operation and maintenance costs for SVE systems are increasingly becoming a major component of the environmental clean-up budget. In an effort to reduce costs, while assuring the protection of public health and the environment, a risk-based strategy has been developed for the curtailment and eventual shut-down of SVE systems at McClellan AFB. This paper presents an overview of the SVE EE/CA process and a detailed description of the development and implementation of the curtailment strategy. Included in the discussion are details of the public and regulatory involvement in the process.

  19. Eielson Air Force Base operable unit 2 and other areas record of decision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, R.E.; Smith, R.M.

    1994-10-01

    This decision document presents the selected remedial actions and no action decisions for Operable Unit 2 (OU2) at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB), Alaska, chosen in accordance with state and federal regulations. This document also presents the decision that no further action is required for 21 other source areas at Eielson AFB. This decision is based on the administrative record file for this site. OU2 addresses sites contaminated by leaks and spills of fuels. Soils contaminated with petroleum products occur at or near the source of contamination. Contaminated subsurface soil and groundwater occur in plumes on the top of a shallow groundwater table that fluctuates seasonally. These sites pose a risk to human health and the environment because of ingestion, inhalation, and dermal contact with contaminated groundwater. The purpose of this response is to prevent current or future exposure to the contaminated groundwater, to reduce further contaminant migration into the groundwater, and to remediate groundwater.

  20. Forced circulation air coolers with internally finned tubes; Ventilator-Luftkuehler mit innenberippten Rohren

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arnemann, M. [Forschungszentrum fuer Kaelte- und Umwelttechnik GmbH (FKU), Berlin (Germany)

    1998-04-01

    Tubes with internal fins have a much higher heat transfer during evaporation as compared with unfinned tubes. The findings served as a basis for the new development of the ``FHV high-performance forced circulation air cooler`` by Walter Roller GmbH and Co. The new evaporator type was designed on the basis of DIN 8955 and ENV 328 for evaporation temperatures of 0 C to -31 C. (orig.) [Deutsch] Im Vergleich zu glatten Rohren laesst sich durch den Einsatz von innenberippten Rohren der innere Waermeuebergang bei der Verdampfung nachweislich deutlich verbessern. Die Ergebnisse bildeten die Grundlage fuer die Neuentwicklung `FHV Hochleistungs-Luftkuehler` im Hause Walter Roller GmbH and Co. Die energetische Bewertung des neuen Verdampfertyps erfolgte in Anlehnung an die Normen DIN 8955 bzw. ENV 328 fuer Verdampfungstemperaturen zwischen 0 C und -31 C. (orig.)

  1. CONTACT: An Air Force technical report on military satellite control technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weakley, Christopher K.

    1993-07-01

    This technical report focuses on Military Satellite Control Technologies and their application to the Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN). This report is a compilation of articles that provide an overview of the AFSCN and the Advanced Technology Program, and discusses relevant technical issues and developments applicable to the AFSCN. Among the topics covered are articles on Future Technology Projections; Future AFSCN Topologies; Modeling of the AFSCN; Wide Area Communications Technology Evolution; Automating AFSCN Resource Scheduling; Health & Status Monitoring at Remote Tracking Stations; Software Metrics and Tools for Measuring AFSCN Software Performance; Human-Computer Interface Working Group; Trusted Systems Workshop; and the University Technical Interaction Program. In addition, Key Technology Area points of contact are listed in the report.

  2. Aviators and Air Combat: A Study of the U.S. Eighth Air Force and R.A.F. Bomber Command

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-07-01

    moved to the top of the popular music charts in 1942. See Bruce D. Callander, "They Wanted Wings," Air Force Magazine (January 1991) p. 82. 19 Even in the...infantry of the Somme in 1916. According to some accounts, airmen faced German flak, searchlights, and "Schrdge Musik " in the same way their fathers had

  3. Climate forcing and air quality change due to regional emissions reductions by economic sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Shindell

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available We examine the air quality (AQ and radiative forcing (RF response to emissions reductions by economic sector for North America and developing Asia in the CAM and GISS composition/climate models. Decreases in annual average surface particulate are relatively robust, with intermodel variations in magnitude typically <30% and very similar spatial structure. Surface ozone responses are small and highly model dependent. The largest net RF results from reductions in emissions from the North America industrial/power and developing Asia domestic fuel burning sectors. Sulfate reductions dominate the first case, for which intermodel variations in the sulfate (or total aerosol optical depth (AOD responses are ~30% and the modeled spatial patterns of the AOD reductions are highly correlated (R=0.9. Decreases in BC dominate the developing Asia domestic fuel burning case, and show substantially greater model-to-model differences. Intermodel variations in tropospheric ozone burdens are also large, though aerosol changes dominate those cases with substantial net climate forcing. The results indicate that across-the-board emissions reductions in domestic fuel burning in developing Asia and in surface transportation in North America are likely to offer the greatest potential for substantial, simultaneous improvement in local air quality and near-term mitigation of global climate change via short-lived species. Conversely, reductions in industrial/power emissions have the potential to accelerate near-term warming, though they would improve AQ and have a long-term cooling effect on climate. These broad conclusions appear robust to intermodel differences.

  4. Overview of the Diagnostic Cloud Forecast Model at the Air Force Weather Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hildebrand, E. P.

    2014-12-01

    The Air Force Weather Agency (AFWA) is responsible for running and maintaining the Diagnostic Cloud Forecast (DCF) model to support DoD missions and those of their external partners. The DCF model generates three-dimensional cloud forecasts for global and regional domains at various resolutions. Regional domains are chosen based on Air Force mission needs. DCF is purely a statistical model that can be appended to any numerical weather prediction (NWP) model. Operationally, AFWA runs the DCF model deterministically using GFS data from NCEP and WRF data that are created in-house. In addition, AFWA also runs an ensemble version of the DCF model using the Mesoscale Ensemble Prediction System (MEPS). The deterministic DCF uses predictor variables from the WRF or GFS models, depending on whether the domain is regional or global, and statistically relates them to observed cloud cover from the World-Wide Merged Cloud Analysis (WWMCA). The forecast process of the model uses an ordinal logistic regression to predict membership in one of 101 groups (every 1% from 0-100%). The predicted group membership then is translated into a cloud amount. This is performed on 21 pressure levels ranging from 1000 hPa to 100 hPa. Cloud amount forecasts on these 21 levels are used along with the NWP geopotential height forecasts to estimate the base and top heights of cloud layers in the vertical. DCF also includes routines to estimate the amount and type of cloud within each layer. Forecasts of total cloud amount are verified using the WWMCA, as well as independent sources of cloud data. This presentation will include an overview of the DCF model and its use at AFWA. Results will be presented to show that DCF adds value over the raw cloud forecasts from NWP models. Ideas for future work also will be addressed.

  5. Vandenberg Air Force Base integrated resource assessment. Volume 2, Baseline detail

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Halverson, M.A.; Richman, E.E.; Dagle, J.E.; Hickman, B.J.; Daellenbach, K.K.; Sullivan, G.P.

    1993-06-01

    The US Air Force Space Command has tasked the Pacific Northwest Laboratory, as the lead laboratory supporting the US Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program, to identify, evaluate, and assist in acquiring all cost-effective energy projects at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB). This is a model program PNL is designing for federal customers served by the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E). The primary goal of the VAFB project is to identify all electric energy efficiency opportunities, and to negotiate with PG and E to acquire those resources through a customized demand-side management program for its federal clients. That customized program should have three major characteristics: (1) 100% up-front financing; (2) substantial utility cost-sharing; and (3) utility implementation through energy service companies under contract to the utility. A similar arrangement will be pursued with Southern California Gas for non-electric resource opportunities if that is deemed desirable by the site and if the gas utility seems open to such an approach. This report documents the assessment of baseline energy use at VAFB located near Lompoc, California. It is a companion report to Volume 1, Executive Summary, and Volume 3, Resource Assessment. This analysis examines the characteristics of electric, natural gas, fuel oil, and propane use for fiscal year 1991. It records energy-use intensities for the facilities at VAFB by building type and energy end use. It also breaks down building energy consumption by fuel type, energy end use, and building type. A more complete energy consumption reconciliation is presented that includes the accounting of all energy use among buildings, utilities, and applicable losses.

  6. +GZ-induced neck injuries in Royal Australian Air Force fighter pilots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, D G

    1997-06-01

    +GZ-induced neck injuries are a relatively common occurrence in pilots of high performance fighter aircraft. We surveyed 52 fighter pilots from the Royal Australian Air Force Base at Williamtown via an anonymous questionnaire in order to determine the prevalence and operational significance of these injuries. The pilots flew either the F/A-18 Hornet or the MB326H Macchi. Of the respondents, 44 reported having had a neck injury under +GZ. A higher rate was reported in pilots of the F/A-18. Most of these injuries were simple muscle sprains. There were 20 pilots who reported their neck injury as having interfered with mission completion. Only 12 pilots reported doing any regular neck strengthening exercises, while 33 pilots reported doing preflight neck stretches immediately prior to high +GZ exposure. There were 14 pilots who sought medical attention for their injury, with 9 being taken off flight status for an average of 2 weeks. Air combat maneuvering sorties and the "check six" head position were identified as causal factors by most pilots. This study demonstrates the operational significance of these injuries, and highlights the need for more research into this important aerospace medicine issue.

  7. Effects of forced convection of heated air on insensible water loss and heat loss in preterm infants in incubators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okken, A; Blijham, C; Franz, W; Bohn, E

    1982-07-01

    To assess the effect of forced convection of heated air exchange in preterm infants in conventional incubators, we measured insensible water loss and total heat loss in preterm infants in a conventional forced convection incubator (air velocity 15 to 25 cm/second) and in a specially constructed still-air incubator (air velocity 0 to 2 cm/second) at equal operative temperature and humidity. Under the forced conditions, insensible water loss in the preterm infants increased by a mean 52% from 1.04 +/- 0.24 (mean +/- SD) to 1.58 +/- 0.51 ml/kg/hour (P less than 0.001). The ensuing increase in evaporative heat loss was partly reflected in the small but significant increase in total heat loss from 1.65 +/- 0.47 to 1.80 +/- 0.44 kcal/kg/hour (P less than 0.02). In the forced convection incubator, the increased evaporative heat loss in preterm infants was apparently partly compensated by a decreased nonevaporative heat loss. If reduction of insensible water loss is required, preterm infants should not be subjected to forced convection in incubators.

  8. Finding of No Significant Impact: Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan at New Boston Air Force Station, New Hampshire

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-07

    using an adaptive-management process that integrates new findings and a developing understanding of human impacts on natural systems into future...benefit of integration or overall natural resources planning. In addition, data on important natural resources of the station would not be collected, and...FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan at New Boston Air Force Station, New Hampshire The U.S. Air

  9. Air Force Technical Objective Document (TOD) C(3)I (command, control, communications and intelligence) - fiscal year 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crocetti, C. P.

    1983-12-01

    This TOD describes the technical programs of the Rome Air Development Center in support of the Air Force Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence (C3I) mission. The technical objectives have been aligned with the VANGUARD mission areas of Command, Control, and Communications (C3), Reconnaissance and Intelligence, Strategic Systems (Defense), and Technology as a means of focusing the RADC support of VANGUARD. This document is prepared to provide industry and universities with the midterm technical objectives in these areas.

  10. Air Force Dynamic Mechanical Analysis Testing of NATO Round Robin Propellant Testing for Development of AOP-4717

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    NATO Round Robin Propellant Testing for Development of AOP-4717 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...provided by Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWD). The purpose of the tests was to participate in an international round robin that would...Analysis Testing of NATO Round Robin Propellant Testing for Development of AOP-4717 Timothy C. Miller, Air Force Research Laboratory Patrick N

  11. Forced-air warming: a source of airborne contamination in the operating room?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Leaper

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Forced-air-warming (FAW is an effective and widely used means for maintaining surgical normothermia, but FAW also has the potential to generate and mobilize airborne contamination in the operating room. We measured the emission of viable and non-viable forms of airborne contamination from an arbitrary selection of FAW blowers (n=25 in the operating room. A laser particle counter measured particulate concentrations of the air near the intake filter and in the distal hose airstream. Filtration efficiency was calculated as the reduction in particulate concentration in the distal hose airstream relative to that of the intake. Microbial colonization of the FAW blower’s internal hose surfaces was assessed by culturing the microorganisms recovered through swabbing (n=17 and rinsing (n=9 techniques. Particle counting revealed that 24% of FAW blowers were emitting significant levels of internally generated airborne contamination in the 0.5 to 5.0 mm size range, evidenced by a steep decrease in FAW blower filtration efficiency for particles 0.5 to 5.0 mm in size. The particle size-range-specific reduction in efficiency could not be explained by the filtration properties of the intake filter. Instead, the reduction was found to be caused by size-range-specific particle generation within the FAW blowers. Microorganisms were detected on the internal air path surfaces of 94% of FAW blowers. The design of FAW blowers was found to be questionable for preventing the build-up of internal contamination and the emission of airborne contamination into the operating room. Although we did not evaluate the link between FAW and surgical site infection rates, a significant percentage of FAW blowers with positive microbial cultures were emitting internally generated airborne contamination within the size range of free floating bacteria and fungi (<4 mm that could, conceivably, settle onto the surgical site.

  12. An Investigation of the Factors which Affect the Career Selection Process of Air Force Systems Command Company Grade Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    form of ego protection similar to cognitive dissonance might create a low desirability for an outcome perceived as unattainable. Such a defensive...evaluating the turnover process. The effects of cognitive dissonance proposed by Festinger (1957) were shown by Vroom and Deci (1971) to have signifi...Air Force and civilian careers (see Chapter II for a discussion of force calculations). The pro- cedure, thus far, is in consonance with Vroom (1966

  13. Investment Invited

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    T he 2006 Major Projects Investment Consultation and Talks, an investment promotion fair, jointly sponsored by the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce and the Nanjing Municipal Government, will be held at the Nanjing International Expo Center from May 28 to 30. Organizers of the event also include Nanjing's neighboring cities of

  14. Transfer of Air Force technical procurement bid set data to small businesses, using CALS and EDI: Test report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-08-15

    This report documents a test transfer of three Air Force technical procurement bid sets to one large and twelve small businesses, using the Department of Defense (DoD) Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support (CALS) and ANSI ASC X12 Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) standards. The main goal of the test was to evaluate the effectiveness of using CALS technical data within the context of the DoD`s EDI-based standard approach to electronic commerce in procurement, with particular emphasis on receipt and use of the data by small contractors. Air Force procurement data was provided by the Sacramento Air Logistics Center at McClellan Air Force Base; the manufacturing participants were selected from among McClellan`s ``Blue Ribbon`` contractors, located throughout the US. The test was sponsored by the Air Force CALS Test Network, headquartered at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. The test successfully demonstrated the technical feasibility of including CALS MIL-R-28002 (Raster) engineering data in an EDI Specification/Technical Information transaction set (ANSI ASC X12 841) when issuing electronic requests for quotation to small businesses. In many cases, the data was complete enough for the contractor participant to feel comfortable generating a quote. Lessons learned from the test are being fed back to the CALS and EDI standards organizations, and to future implementors of CALS-EDI based acquisition or contracting systems, which require the transfer of technical information, such as engineering data, manufacturing process data, quality test data, and other product or process data, in the form of a CALS or other digital datafile.

  15. Financing Investment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hirth, Stefan; Flor, Christian Riis

    Intuition suggests that corporate investment should be decreasing in financing constraints. We show that even when financing is obtained using a standard debt contract and there is symmetric information between the firm and outside investors, the relation is actually U-shaped. We thus provide a new...... theoretical explanation for the recent empirical findings of Cleary et al. (2007). We split up the endogenously implied financing costs and propose a trade-off between expected liquidation costs and second-best investment costs. For rather unconstrained firms, the risk of costly liquidation dominates the cost...... of underinvestment and, hence, induces cutting down investment. On the other hand, severely constrained firms benefit more by getting closer to the first-best investment implying higher investment....

  16. Impacts of urban land-surface forcing on ozone air quality in the Seoul metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.-H. Ryu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Modified local meteorology owing to heterogeneities in the urban–rural surface can affect urban air quality. In this study, the impacts of urban land-surface forcing on ozone air quality during a high ozone (O3 episode in the Seoul metropolitan area, South Korea, are investigated using a high-resolution chemical transport model (CMAQ. Under fair weather conditions, the temperature excess (urban heat island significantly modifies boundary layer characteristics/structures and local circulations. The modified boundary layer and local circulations result in an increase in O3 levels in the urban area of 16 ppb in the nighttime and 13 ppb in the daytime. Enhanced turbulence in the deep urban boundary layer dilutes pollutants such as NOx, and this contributes to the elevated O3 levels through the reduced O3 destruction by NO in the NOx-rich environment. The advection of O3 precursors over the mountains near Seoul by the prevailing valley-breeze circulation in the mid- to late morning results in the build-up of O3 over the mountains in conjunction with biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC emissions there. As the prevailing local circulation in the afternoon changes to urban-breeze circulation, the O3-rich air masses over the mountains are advected over the urban area. The urban-breeze circulation exerts significant influences on not only the advection of O3 but also the chemical production of O3 under the circumstances in which both anthropogenic and biogenic (natural emissions play important roles in O3 formation. As the air masses that are characterized by low NOx and high BVOC levels and long OH chain length are advected over the urban area from the surroundings, the ozone production efficiency increases in the urban area. The relatively strong vertical mixing in the urban boundary layer embedded in the

  17. An Analysis of Selected Quantitative Methods to Air Force Communications Command Electronics Installation Workload Assignment and Scheduling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-06-01

    schedule workload assigned to the Air Force Comunications omand Engineering and Installations Activities. Each model applies mission nd unit unique...Anderson, David R., Dennis J. Sweeney, and Thomas A. Williams. An Introduction to Management Science, Quantitative Approaches to Decision Making. St Paul MN

  18. National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force: Report to the President and Congress of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-30

    security expertise, disaster recovery, computer forensics , and incident management. Michigan Governor Rick Snyder is the co-chair for the National...Group Manning Document HAF Headquarters Air Force HUMINT Human Intelligence ICAM Individual Cost Assessment Model ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic ...director, he was deeply involved in policies and programs relating to ballistic missile defense; strategic deterrence and naval strategy

  19. U.S. Air Force Spent Billions on F117 Engine Sustainment Without Knowing What a Fair Price Was

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-11

    item was sold, leased , licensed, or offered for sale (either the specific product or service, or the product or service from which the item evolved...059 Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) (cont’d) Note: Attachment 2, Security Classifications Review Form is not included in the

  20. Cognitive Task Analysis and Intelligent Computer-Based Training Systems: Lessons Learned from Coached Practice Environments in Air Force Avionics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Sandra N.; Hall, Ellen; Lesgold, Alan

    This paper describes some results of a collaborative effort between the University of Pittsburgh and the Air Force to develop advanced troubleshooting training for F-15 maintenance technicians. The focus is on the cognitive task methodology used in the development of three intelligent tutoring systems to inform their instructional content and…

  1. Final Environmental Assessment for a Proposed Pararescue and Combat Rescue Officer Training Campus at Kirtland Air Force Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    beginning of 2005 within the ROI was 5.2 percent (New Mexico Department of Labor 2005). 3.3.2.3 Kirtland Air Force Base Kirtland AFB had...International Sunport, New Mexico. Accessed 5/2005 from http://www. wrcc.dri.edu/ CLIMA TEDA T A.html. AETC P J/CRO Campus at Kirtland AFB Preliminary

  2. Job Enrichment: Evaluation with Implications for Air Force Job Redesign. Interim Report, 1 January 1975-30 April 1977.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Thomas W.; Zumbro, Patrick A.

    The main text of this report consists of a review and evaluation of job enrichment as an approach to job redesign, with implications for Air Force research and application. In addition, two appendixes are included: the first, a supplemental historical discussion; the second, a ninety-six-item annotated bibliography. Specific objectives are to…

  3. Aircraft Modifications: Assessing the Current State of Air Force Aircraft Modifications and the Implications for Future Military Capability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-25

    Pre and Post-Production Aircraft Change Efforts .............................................................. 12 Figure 2.2 - Possible Relationships ...Delivery Years for Various Mission Designs ............................................ 50 Figure 4.4 - Functional Formats ofAging Relationships ...Modifications, analysis suggests that installation and procurement schedules are codependent due to an Air Force requirement to install a modification kit in

  4. Air Force Officer Accession Planning: Addressing Key Gaps in Meeting Career Field Academic Degree Requirements for Nonrated Officers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-09

    nonrated line functional managers and CFMs was key in this effort. Within the Air Force human resource structure, these individuals are responsible...in logistics management , economics, management , business administration, computer science, information management systems, finance, accounting ...among the disciplines of: accounting , business finance, law, contracts, purchasing, economics, industrial management , marketing, quantitative methods

  5. Power, Control, and Gender: Training as Catalyst for Dysfunctional Behavior at the United States Air Force Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callahan, Jamie L.

    2005-01-01

    I explore the role of training practices at the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) in perpetuating power and control issues and the potential consequences of those practices. I argue that trainee responses to control deprivation may have resulted in alleged sexual assaults by male cadets and the eating disorders manifested by female cadets.…

  6. Renewal of the Nellis Air Force Range Land Withdrawal, Legislative Environmental Impact Statement. Volume 1. Chapters 1-11

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-03-01

    feet (Mozingo and Williams 1980; Air Force 1981). Asclepias eastwoodiana Eastwood milkweed SOC, BLM G2S2 Low, few-stemmed perennial herb from...Desert monkey grasshopper (Psychomastix deserticola) SOC Listed by USFWS as potentially occurring on NAFR Pahranagat naucorid bug (Pelocoris shoshone

  7. Victim, Perpetrator, Family, and Incident Characteristics of 32 Infant Maltreatment Deaths in the United States Air Force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewster, Albert L.; Nelson, John P.; Hymel, Kent P.; Colby, Donald R.; Lucas, D. R.; McCanne, Thomas R.; Milner, Joel S.

    1998-01-01

    Using a multidisciplinary approach, victim, perpetrator, family, and incident variables in 32 cases of infanticide in U.S. Air Force families were examined. Findings were that 55% percent of infant-victims had physical trauma before the fatal incident, indicating physical abuse. The caretaker-perpetrator was usually male (84%), the biological…

  8. A Delphi Study Using Value-Focused Thinking for United States Air Force Mission Dependency Index Values

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-26

    Keeney, R. L. (1992). Value-Focused Thinking : A Path to Creative Decisionmaking. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Keeney, R. L. (1996). Value...the Role of Value-Focused Thinking in Idea Management. Creativity and Innovation Management, 196-206. Shoviak, M. J. (2001). Decision Analysis...A DELPHI STUDY USING VALUE-FOCUSED THINKING FOR UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MISSION DEPENDENCY INDEX

  9. Development of Computer Software to Aid Environmental Decision Makers in the Education and Training of Air Force Remedial Project Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    the MITRE Air Force site coordinator education report, the environmental education research being done by the School of Aerospace Medicine, and the...Each iteration is a result 56 of discussions with Lt Col Maricle and Maj Duncan- and a review of the environmental education research completed by the

  10. PHYTOREMEDIATION OF GROUNDWATER AT AIR FORCE PLANT 4, CARSWELL, TEXAS - INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION REPORT (CD-ROM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Over 600 Cottonwood trees were planted over a shallow groundwater plume in an attempt to detoxify the tricWoroethylene (TCE) in a groundwater plume at a former Air Force facility. Two planting techniques were used: rooted stock about two years old, and 18 inch cuttings were insta...

  11. Final Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Base-Wide Military Construction Planning at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    whiptail lizard (Aspidoscelis inornata), short- horned lizard (Phrynosoma douglassi), lesser earless lizard (Holbrookia maculata), bull snake (Pituophis...Peterson Field Guide to Western Birds. Houghton Mifflin Pub: Boston. pp. 432. Reid, F.A. 2006. Mammals of North America . Houghton Mifflin...ASSESSMENT FOR BASE-WIDE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PLANNING AT KIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE, NEW MEXICO Introduction : In accordance with the National

  12. Which Air Force Civil Engineer Capabilities Can Complement USNORTHCOM’s Role in Defense Support to Civil Authorities (DSCA)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-21

    BASED AND/OR PORTLAND CEMENT BASED PAVEMENTS WITH SEMI-PERMANENT MATERIALS TO INCLUDE LIMITED JOINT SEALING. KIT CONSIST OF (5) 8’X 20’ ISO CONTAINERS... techniques , and procedures (TTPs). Additionally, the intent of this thesis is not to advocate for additional DSCA mission taskings for the Air Force...

  13. Mortality of Air Force veterans exposed to herbicides during the Vietnam War

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ketchum, N.; Michalek, J. [Air Force Research Laboratory, San Antonio, TX (United States)

    2004-09-15

    The long-term effects of herbicide exposure on human health are not fully known and remain controversial. Herbicides were used by US forces for defoliation and crop destruction during the Vietnam War. The toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin), the contaminant found in Agent Orange and other herbicides sprayed during the war, continue to be of concern more than thirty years after the war. Studies of the post-service mortality experience of Vietnam veterans have given mixed results. The US Army Chemical Corps Study1 reported an increased risk of death due to digestive diseases and a non-significant increase in the risk of death from cancer. A study of Australian Army veterans reported an increased risk of death due to digestive diseases but no increases due to cancer. However, a study of women veterans3 found an increased risk of death due to pancreatic cancer and a study of Vietnam veterans from Michigan6 reported an excess of deaths due to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The Air Force Health Study is a prospective epidemiological study of the health, mortality and reproductive outcomes of veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the unit responsible for aerially spraying herbicides in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971. The study, now in its 22{sup nd} year, began in 1982 and will conclude in 2006. Here we update our second report by summarizing current all-cause and cause-specific post-service mortality in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand.

  14. Future local and remote influences on Mediterranean ozone air quality and climate forcing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Steve; Martin, Maria Val; Emmons, Louisa; Rap, Alex; Heald, Colette; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Tilmes, Simone

    2013-04-01

    The Mediterranean region is expected to display large increases in population over the coming decades, and to exhibit strong sensitivity to projected climate change, with increasing frequency of extreme summer temperatures and decreases in precipitation. Understanding of how these changes will affect atmospheric composition in the region is limited. The eastern Mediterranean basin has been shown to exhibit a pronounced summertime local maximum in tropospheric ozone, which impacts both local air quality and the atmospheric radiation balance. In summer, the region is subject to import of pollution from Northern Europe in the boundary layer and lower troposphere, from North American sources in the large-scale westerly flow of the free mid and upper-troposphere, as well as import of pollution lofted in the Asian monsoon and carried west to the eastern Mediterranean in anticyclonic flow in the upper troposphere over north Africa. In addition, interactions with the land-surface through biogenic emission sources and dry deposition play important roles in the Mediterranean ozone budget. Here we use the NCAR Community Earth System Model (CESM) to investigate how tropospheric ozone in the Mediterranean region responds to climate, land surface and global emissions changes between present day and 2050. We simulate climate and atmospheric composition for the year 2050, based on greenhouse gas abundances, trace gas and aerosol emissions and land cover and use from two representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios (RCP4.5 & RCP8.5), designed for use by the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5(CMIP5) experiments in support of the IPCC. By comparing these simulations with a present-day scenario, we investigate the effects of predicted changes in climate and emissions on air quality and climate forcing over the Mediterranean region. The simulations suggest decreases in boundary layer ozone and sulfate aerosol throughout the tropospheric column over the Mediterranean

  15. Net radiative forcing and air quality responses to regional CO emission reductions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Fry

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Carbon monoxide (CO emissions influence global and regional air quality and global climate change by affecting atmospheric oxidants and secondary species. We simulate the influence of halving anthropogenic CO emissions globally and individually from 10 regions on surface and tropospheric ozone, methane, and aerosol concentrations using a global chemical transport model (MOZART-4 for the year 2005. Net radiative forcing (RF is then estimated using the GFDL (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory standalone radiative transfer model. We estimate that halving global CO emissions decreases global annual average concentrations of surface ozone by 0.45 ppbv, tropospheric methane by 73 ppbv, and global annual net RF by 36.1 mW m−2, nearly equal to the sum of changes from the 10 regional reductions. Global annual net RF per unit change in emissions and the 100 yr global warming potential (GWP100 are estimated as −0.124 mW m−2 (Tg CO−1 and 1.34, respectively, for the global CO reduction, and ranging from −0.115 to −0.131 mW m−2 (Tg CO−1 and 1.26 to 1.44 across 10 regions, with the greatest sensitivities for regions in the tropics. The net RF distributions show widespread cooling corresponding to the O3 and CH4 decreases, and localized positive and negative net RFs due to changes in aerosols. The strongest annual net RF impacts occur within the tropics (28° S–28° N followed by the northern midlatitudes (28° N–60° N, independent of reduction region, while the greatest changes in surface CO and ozone concentrations occur within the reduction region. Some regional reductions strongly influence the air quality in other regions, such as East Asia, which has an impact on US surface ozone that is 93% of that from North America. Changes in the transport of CO and downwind ozone production clearly exceed the direct export of ozone from each reduction region. The small variation in CO GWPs among world regions suggests that future international

  16. Development and calibration of an air-floating six-axis force measurement platform using self-calibration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Bin; Wang, Xiaomeng; Li, Chengwei; Yi, Jiajing; Lu, Rongsheng; Tao, Jiayue

    2016-09-01

    This paper describes the design, working principle, as well as calibration of an air-floating six-axis force measurement platform, where the floating plate and nozzles were connected without contact, preventing inter-dimensional coupling and increasing precision significantly. The measurement repeatability error of the force size in the platform is less than 0.2% full scale (FS), which is significantly better than the precision of 1% FS in the six-axis force sensors on the current market. We overcame the difficulties of weight loading device in high-precision calibration by proposing a self-calibration method based on the floating plate gravity and met the calibration precision requirement of 0.02% FS. This study has general implications for the development and calibration of high-precision multi-axis force sensors. In particular, the air-floating six-axis force measurement platform could be applied to the calibration of some special sensors such as flexible tactile sensors and may be used as a micro-nano mechanical assembly platform for real-time assembly force testing.

  17. Creative Investment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Prices for Chinese art are shattering records locally and internationally. Is the investment well placed?Mem Aziz is brimming with confidence about the future of his business in China. Director of Australia’s Redrock Gallery,

  18. 33 CFR 334.540 - Banana River at the Eastern Range, 45th Space Wing, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., 45th Space Wing, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL; restricted area. 334.540 Section 334.540... enforced by the Commander, 45th Space Wing, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida and/or such persons or agencies... AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.540 Banana River at the Eastern Range, 45th Space Wing,...

  19. Analytical model for estimating drag forces on rigid submerged structures caused by LOCA and safety relief valve ramshead air discharges. [BWR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1977-09-01

    Basic information is presented for estimating drag forces on rigid structural members submerged in a pressure suppression pool, caused by either the air discharge from a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA), or the air bubble oscillation following safey relief valve ramshead discharge. Methods are described for estimating acceleration (unsteady) and standard (velocity-squared) drag force components for a variety of structural geometries.

  20. Secular changes in body dimensions of Royal Australian Air Force aircrew (1971-2005).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomkinson, Grant R; Clark, Adam J; Blanchonette, Peter

    2010-08-01

    The aim of this study was to quantify the secular changes in body dimensions of Royal Australian Air Force aircrew. Following corrections for methodological differences, two samples (matched for age and overall body size) of male aircrew measured in 1971 (n = 220) and 2005 (n = 220) were compared across 13 absolute and proportional body dimensions. Changes in means were expressed as standardised effect sizes and changes in distributional characteristics were expressed as the ratio of coefficients of variation and as changes in skew. Small secular increases (standardised effects sizes >0.2) in age-matched aircrew were observed for mass, height, BMI, sitting height, buttock-knee length, waist girth, hip girth and waist:hip ratio, with a small decline observed for head girth. Changes in body dimensions were not independent of changes in overall body size (except for head girth) and were not always uniform across the distribution. These changes in body size have implications for ensuring correct human-machine and human-equipment fit. STATEMENT OF RELEVANCE: There have been small secular changes in body dimensions of RAAF aircrew between 1971 and 2005, although these secular changes have not always been uniform across the distribution. These secular changes in body dimensions have implications for ensuring correct human-machine and human-equipment fit and underscore the need for regular anthropometric surveys.