Sample records for air force global

  1. Air Force Strategy: Sovereign Options for Securing Global Stability and Prosperity

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    The mission of the United States Air Force is to deliver sovereign options for the defense of the United States of America and its global interests to fly, fight, and win in Air, Space, and Cyberspace...

  2. Global Positioning System: Observations on Quarterly Reports from the Air Force (United States)


    Positioning System: Observations on Quarterly Reports from the Air Force The satellite-based Global Positioning System (GPS) provides positioning, navigation...Page 1 GAO-17-162R GPS Quarterly Reports 441 G St. N.W. Washington, DC 20548 October 17, 2016 Congressional Committees Global ...infrastructure, and transportation safety. The Department of Defense (DOD)—specifically, the Air Force—develops and operates the GPS system, which

  3. Enhancing the Security Cooperation Marine Air Ground Task Force to Satisfy the Needs of the Uncertain Global Security Environment (United States)



  4. Global Change: The Air Force's Successful Transformation to the Expeditionary Aerospace Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Konicki, Kennth


    .... It discusses the defense environment that. pressed for change, the EAF visioning process, the role played by senior Air Force leaders, the influence of organizational culture, and the way EAF was permanently embedded in the service. By focusing on the success factors, the study offers the EAF transformation as a potential template to manage future organizational change.



    the official policy or position of the U.S. Government , the Department of Defense, or Air University. In accordance with Air Force Instruction 51-303... Government . iii BIOGRAPHY Lieutenant Colonel Nicholas Nobriga entered the Air Force in 1998 after graduating from the United States Air Force... agility and flexibility in order to counter trans-regional threats seamlessly. This is especially true for the Air Force’s fleet of U-2, RQ-4, RC-135, and

  6. Global Change: The Air Force's Successful Transformation to the Expeditionary Aerospace Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Konicki, Kennth


    In an era of globalization, shrinking defense dollars and costly weapon systems, the services and defense agencies must increasingly transform into more cost-effective, versatile or lethal organizations...

  7. Hanscom Air Force Base (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — MIT Lincoln Laboratory occupies 75 acres (20 acres of which are MIT property) on the eastern perimeter of Hanscom Air Force Base, which is at the nexus of Lexington,...

  8. Royal Danish Air Force. Air Operations Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørby, Søren

    This brief examines the development of the first Danish Air Force Air Operations Doctrine, which was officially commissioned in October 1997 and remained in effect until 2010. The development of a Danish air power doctrine was heavily influenced by the work of Colonel John Warden (USAF), both...... through his book ”The Air Campaign” and his subsequent planning of the air campaign against Iraq in 1990-1991. Warden’s ideas came to Denmark and the Danish Air Force by way of Danish Air Force students attending the United States Air Force Air University in Alabama, USA. Back in Denmark, graduates from...... the Air University inspired a small number of passionate airmen, who then wrote the Danish Air Operations Doctrine. The process was supported by the Air Force Tactical Command, which found that the work dovetailed perfectly with the transformation process that the Danish Air Force was in the midst...

  9. Air Force Leadership Diversity (United States)


    College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL. He grew up as part of an Air Force family, entered active duty in 1996, and is a career Aircraft Maintenance... artificially limit them to capping out at O-6 if we want to encourage diversity in our most senior leadership levels as we seek to create a stronger...but I am not sure it does. I find it interesting that as of 31 December 2016 the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence , Surveillance and

  10. Sustaining Air Force Space Systems: A Model for the Global Positioning System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Snyder, Don; Mills, Patrick; Comanor, Katherine; Roll, Jr, Charles R


    ... and sustainment affect the performance of space systems. In this monograph, we develop a pilot framework for analyzing these and related questions in the ground segment of the Global Positioning System and recommend steps for implementing this framework...

  11. The Posture Triangle: A New Framework for U.S. Air Force Global Presence (United States)


    TRANSPORTATION INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS LAW AND BUSINESS NATIONAL SECURITY POPULATION AND AGING PUBLIC SAFETY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TERRORISM country; and the intricacies of negotiations between sovereign nations. For host nations, changes (whether expansion or shrinkage ) in the Second, where enduring partners show a strong desire to maintain current forces, DoD should seek to maintain a concrete symbol of U.S

  12. Modernization of the Indian Air Force: Security Implications for South Asia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    This thesis analyzes the Indian Air Force's (IAF) robust modernization campaign and explores why the IAF is on the path to transforming itself from an air force dedicated to air defense to one capable of global force projection...

  13. US Air Force Balloon Observations (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Worksheets containing pilot balloon data computed from releases at Air Force stations in the western United States. Elevation and azimuth angles are used to compute...

  14. US Air Force Base Observations (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hourly observations taken by U.S. Air Force personnel at bases in the United States and around the world. Foreign observations concentrated in the Middle East and...


    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Major Jack Wright with the officers and NCOs who attended the Second Clay Pigeon Shooting Instruc- tors' Course at 66 Air School, Young's Field from 5 to 14 July, 1943. (With permission Mrs K Taylor) were sufficient to commence the first course. Pri- vately owned clay pigeon traps were also donated to the SAAF. Attempts ...

  16. Air Force Strategic Planning: Past, Present, and Future (United States)


    usually citing Fogleman’s part in the creation of Global Engagement and the Long-Range Plan.17 While true, Air Force history is also studded with...a relatively young service, the U.S. Air Force has a remarkably rich intellectual history . Even before the Air Force’s official formation, strategic plans and the history of the Air Force. Comments are welcome and should be sent to the author, Raphael S. Cohen, or to the project

  17. Global Air Quality and Climate (United States)

    Fiore, Arlene M.; Naik, Vaishali; Steiner, Allison; Unger, Nadine; Bergmann, Dan; Prather, Michael; Righi, Mattia; Rumbold, Steven T.; Shindell, Drew T.; Skeie, Ragnhild B.; hide


    Emissions of air pollutants and their precursors determine regional air quality and can alter climate. Climate change can perturb the long-range transport, chemical processing, and local meteorology that influence air pollution. We review the implications of projected changes in methane (CH4), ozone precursors (O3), and aerosols for climate (expressed in terms of the radiative forcing metric or changes in global surface temperature) and hemispheric-to-continental scale air quality. Reducing the O3 precursor CH4 would slow near-term warming by decreasing both CH4 and tropospheric O3. Uncertainty remains as to the net climate forcing from anthropogenic nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, which increase tropospheric O3 (warming) but also increase aerosols and decrease CH4 (both cooling). Anthropogenic emissions of carbon monoxide (CO) and non-CH4 volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) warm by increasing both O3 and CH4. Radiative impacts from secondary organic aerosols (SOA) are poorly understood. Black carbon emission controls, by reducing the absorption of sunlight in the atmosphere and on snow and ice, have the potential to slow near-term warming, but uncertainties in coincident emissions of reflective (cooling) aerosols and poorly constrained cloud indirect effects confound robust estimates of net climate impacts. Reducing sulfate and nitrate aerosols would improve air quality and lessen interference with the hydrologic cycle, but lead to warming. A holistic and balanced view is thus needed to assess how air pollution controls influence climate; a first step towards this goal involves estimating net climate impacts from individual emission sectors. Modeling and observational analyses suggest a warming climate degrades air quality (increasing surface O3 and particulate matter) in many populated regions, including during pollution episodes. Prior Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenarios (SRES) allowed unconstrained growth, whereas the Representative

  18. Analysis of the Air Force Logistics Enterprise: Evaluation of Global Repair Network Options for Supporting the C-130 (United States)


    provided analytical support to the Air Force’s Repair Network Integration ( RNI ) initiative, which seeks to provide integrated support to the...warfighter through an enterprisewide repair capability managed by a single process owner. In 2009, Phase 1 of RNI examined core processes to manage and...allocate enterprise workloads for a select group of weapon systems and subsystems. In 2010, Phase 2 of RNI began working with the entire propulsion

  19. Understanding Innovation Adoption in the Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Evans, Morgan J


    .... The United States Air Force is seeking to adapt to this new information age by transforming its business processes in order to sustain its competitive advantage as the world's most respected air force...

  20. Physical Fitness and the Expeditionary Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lewis, Elizabeth


    ... that the Air Force bas a physical fitness program to keep its members healthy and productive. By doing this, it can ensure success in completing the Air Force mission while keeping the organization at the highest level of readiness possible...

  1. A Case for Air Force Reorganization (United States)


    AFRC AETC AFSPC AMC AFSOC ACC AFGSC USAFE PACAF 4 10 19 12 14 18 ## 21 23 24 AU WC WPC SMC22 2 1 9 11 1375 208 17 15 3 Legend: AFMC–Air Force...Strike Command USAFE–US Air Forces in Europe WPC –Warrior Preparation Center PACAF–Pacic Air Forces = Recently Inactivated Figure 1. Organizational

  2. Can air pollutant controls change global warming?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Strefler, Jessica; Luderer, Gunnar; Kriegler, Elmar; Meinshausen, Malte


    Highlights: • Air pollution policies do not affect long-term climate targets. • Reduction of aerosols counteracts a fraction of the reduction of Kyoto forcing. • Air pollution policies may affect the rate of climate change in the short term. • There is no tradeoff between clean air and climate policies. - Abstract: In this paper we analyze the interaction between climate and air pollution policies using the integrated assessment model REMIND coupled to the reduced-form climate model MAGICC. Since overall, aerosols tend to cool the atmosphere, there is a concern that a reduction of pollutant emissions could accelerate global warming and offset the climate benefits of carbon dioxide emission reductions. We investigate scenarios which independently reduce emissions from either large-scale sources, such as power plants, or small-scale sources, such as cooking and heating stoves. Large-scale sources are likely to be easier to control, but their aerosol emissions are characterized by a relatively high sulfur content, which tends to result in atmospheric cooling. Pollution from small-scale sources, by contrast, is characterized by a high share of carbonaceous aerosol, which is an important contributor to global warming. We find that air pollution policies can significantly reduce aerosol emissions when no climate policies are in place. Stringent climate policies lead to a large reduction of fossil fuel use, and therefore result in a concurrent reduction of air pollutant emissions. These reductions partly reduce aerosol masking, thus initially counteracting the reduction of greenhouse gas forcing, however not overcompensating it. If climate policies are in place, air pollution policies have almost no impacts on medium- and long-term radiative forcing. Therefore there is no conflict of objectives between clean air and limiting global warming. We find that the stringency of air pollution policies may influence the rate of global temperature change in the first decade

  3. Forced air heat sink apparatus (United States)

    Rippel, Wally E. (Inventor)


    A high efficiency forced air heat sink assembly employs a split feed transverse flow configuration to minimize the length of the air flow path through at least two separated fin structures. Different embodiments use different fin structure material configurations including honeycomb, corrugated and serpentine. Each such embodiment uses a thermally conductive plate having opposed exterior surfaces; one for receiving a component to be cooled and one for receiving the fin structures. The serpentine structured fin embodiment employs a plurality of fin supports extending from the plate and forming a plurality of channels for receiving the fin structures. A high thermal conductivity bondant, such as metal-filled epoxy, may be used to bond the fin structures to either the plate or the fin supports. Dip brazing and soldering may also be employed depending upon the materials selected.

  4. Looking to the Future of the Air Force Nuclear Enterprise (United States)


    go to other non-nuclear bases at the time. This provided a way out of the missile business , and in some cases it was considered a win. In the eyes of many Air Force leaders. The first step to developing the nuclear mission set is standing up Air Force Global Strike Command (AFGSC) to...21st Century. Through their leadership and guidance they have shown me how to be a great leader in the Air Force. Special thanks go to my GRP

  5. Air Force's Transformation to an Expeditionary Culture

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anderson, Richard D


    .... In response, leadership developed the Air Expeditionary Force (AEF) whereby units and personnel could schedule training, education, and family events such as holidays, vacations, graduations and weddings...

  6. Air Force and the Cyberspace Mission: Defending the Air Force's Computer Network in the Future

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Courville, Shane P


    .... Wynne and Air Force Chief of Staff General T. Michael Moseley wrote a joint letter to all airmen of the Air Force, which defined a new mission statement that included the concept of "cyberspace...

  7. Reducing Air Force Fighter Pilot Shortages (United States)


    component to fill inventory requirements in another. The inventory conservation equation at the heart of the model takes the following form: ...requirement by about a third. The next three largest staffs, Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), Air Force Secretariat and Headquarters (SAF/HAF), and

  8. Present and potential future contributions of sulfate, black and organic carbon aerosols from China to global air quality, premature mortality and radiative forcing (United States)

    Saikawa, Eri; Naik, Vaishali; Horowitz, Larry W.; Liu, Junfeng; Mauzerall, Denise L.

    Aerosols are harmful to human health and have both direct and indirect effects on climate. China is a major contributor to global emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO 2), a sulfate (SO 42-) precursor, organic carbon (OC), and black carbon (BC) aerosols. Although increasingly examined, the effect of present and potential future levels of these emissions on global premature mortality and climate change has not been well quantified. Through both direct radiative effects and indirect effects on clouds, SO 42- and OC exert negative radiative forcing (cooling) while BC exerts positive forcing (warming). We analyze the effect of China's emissions of SO 2, SO 42-, OC and BC in 2000 and for three emission scenarios in 2030 on global surface aerosol concentrations, premature mortality, and radiative forcing (RF). Using global models of chemical transport (MOZART-2) and radiative transfer (GFDL RTM), and combining simulation results with gridded population data, mortality rates, and concentration-response relationships from the epidemiological literature, we estimate the contribution of Chinese aerosols to global annual premature mortality and to RF in 2000 and 2030. In 2000, we estimate these aerosols cause approximately 470 000 premature deaths in China and an additional 30 000 deaths globally. In 2030, aggressive emission controls lead to a 50% reduction in premature deaths from the 2000 level to 240 000 in China and 10 000 elsewhere, while under a high emissions scenario premature deaths increase 50% from the 2000 level to 720 000 in China and to 40 000 elsewhere. Because the negative RF from SO 42- and OC is larger than the positive forcing from BC, Chinese aerosols lead to global net direct RF of -74 mW m -2 in 2000 and between -15 and -97 mW m -2 in 2030 depending on the emissions scenario. Our analysis indicates that increased effort to reduce greenhouse gases is essential to address climate change as China's anticipated reduction of aerosols will result in the

  9. 77 FR 51526 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board; Notice of Meeting (United States)


    ... and DoD cyberspace for assuring cyberspace advantage; Air Force Global Strike Command overview highlighting high priority capability gaps and technology solution partnerships; and intelligence, surveillance...

  10. Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization Analysis (United States)


    Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition (SAF/AQ); Blaise Durante , Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisi- xviii Air...Maj Gen (ret.) Richard Goddard, Maj Gen (ret.) Kevin Sullivan, Maj Gen (ret.) Ron Smith, Robert Conner, and George Falldine. We extend special...Michael Zettler Maj Gen (ret.) Pat Condon Maj Gen (ret.) Richard Goddard Maj Gen (ret.) Kevin Sullivan Maj Gen (ret.) Ron Smith Robert Conner George

  11. Air Force Transformation -- Will It Produce a Revolution in Military Affairs? (United States)


    Architecture,” Armed Forces Journal, September 2002, 55. 32 by services, Global Strike Task Force ( GSTF ) in the Air Force, Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESGs...under the Navy/Marine Corps team, and Striker Brigades within the Army, the Global Strike Task Force is furthest along. GSTF incorporates many of

  12. Global and local forces in deindustrialization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frederick, Kate


    Numerous scholars have suggested that nineteenth-century industrial decline in the global “periphery” was driven by externally wrought global forces that promoted cash-crop agriculture and dis-incentivized local industry, particularly strong global demand for tropical agricultural commodities and

  13. Effectively Managing the Air Force Enterprise Architecture

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sharkey, Jamie P


    The Air Force is developing and implementing an enterprise architecture to meet the Clinger-Cohen Act's requirement that all federal agencies use an architecture to guide their information technology (IT) investments...

  14. Air Force Civilian Senior Leadership Development Challenges

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Webb, Billy P


    .... While Gen Jumper's sight picture recognizes the need to grow civilians for leadership positions, there is a more compelling reason for the Air Force to focus on civilian leadership development...

  15. Optimizing Global Force Management for Special Operations Forces (United States)


    for Global Force Management. This tool empowers the analyst to conduct timely what-if analysis and easily develop alternate courses of action... Journal of Operational Research , 23(3): 367–381. Bradley, JH (2016) Mission attribute hierarchy, data for mission prioritization and requests, draft...NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approved for public release. Distribution is unlimited. OPTIMIZING GLOBAL

  16. Consolidating Air Force Maintenance Occupational Specialties (United States)


    these questions, the impact of AFS consolidation on active duty KC-135 maintenance personnel at MacDill, McConnell , and Fairchild Air Force Bases...readiness? The analysis presented here considers the impact of AFS consolidation on active-duty KC- 135 maintenance personnel at MacDill, McConnell ... Concept for Air Force Maintenance: Conclusions from Analysis of C-130, F-16, and KC-135 Fleets, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, MG-919-AF, 2010

  17. The Air Force Handbook 2007 (United States)


    airborne SIGINT platform. It is a self -contained collection, processing, analysis, and dissemination system. Rivet Joint rapidly fields tactical...Combat Sent ___________________________ 210 RC-135V/W Rivet Joint ___________________________ 212 Regional Sector Air Operations Center (RSAOC...during close air suppor t and can sur vive dir ect hits fr om armor- piercing and high- explosive pr ojectiles up to 23mm. Sophisticated avionics

  18. Communicating Why: Aligning the Air Force Message (United States)


    49 Ibid. 50 Ibid. 51 Alan Vick , American Public is Less Inclined to Distinguish Among Service Branches, RAND Project Air Force Report PAF-1P-239...States Air Force—It’s What We Do.” 29 August 2013, (accessed 28 November 2014). Vick , Alan. American

  19. Rebalancing the Air Force: A Comprehensive Solution (United States)


    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY REBALANCING THE AIR FORCE A COMPREHENSIVE SOLUTION By Bruce K Johnson, Lt Col USAF A Research Report ...and experience levels will all benefit. Senior leaders should crosscheck the recruiting and retention data along with experience trends using the...content/dav/mhf/QOL- Library/Project%20Documents/MilitaryHOMEFRONT/ Reports /2008%20Demographics.pdf P.6 7 2010 Army Posture Statement, Addendum F

  20. The Air Force Culture and Cohesion: Building an Air and Space Force for the Twenty-First Century

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Smith, James


    THE US AIR FORCE has a cohesion problem. Dr. Donald B. Rice, former secretary of the Air Force, complained that officers identified with their weapon systems, not with the Air Force or any concept of service mission or doctrine...

  1. Air Force Heroes in Vietnam (United States)


    Forces of the United States and South Vietnam. A modified version was employed for psychological warfare, including leaflet drops and loudspeaker...out of that spot ten seconds when mortars started dropping directly on it," he remembers. "That was a real thriller . I figured they just got zeroed in

  2. Changing the Air Force Narrative (United States)


    structured message from the sponsor. An example of recent native advertising is and article, “Will millenials ever completely shun the office?” sponsored...Terrorism in Iraq. Air & Space Power Journal, 23(1), 11-18. Anderson, K (2014, January 8). Will Millenials ever completely shun the office? New York

  3. Globalization and U.S. Navy Forces (United States)


    technology -triggered global chaos that leads to accidental strategic war between the more advanced countries. This proposition comes off as far-fetched...In short, a good section of the global population—both North and South—fear that science and technology have simply outpaced our capacity for rule...CRM D0005743.A1/Final July 2002 Globalization and U.S. Navy Forces is XX *> »^ H. H. Gaffney CNA Alexandria, Virginia • 4325 Mark center Drive 22311

  4. Toward Unity of Command for Multinational Air Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Asjes, David


    To assure unity of command in future multinational air operations, combatant commanders must embrace the necessity of multinational air forces, maximize the integration of allied officers within air...

  5. Probe And Drogue Aerial Refueling Requirements: How Will Air Force Special Operations Command Meet Future Demands? (United States)


    Global Strike Task Force,” ( GSTF ) which will be explained in greater detail shortly. Added to this requirement is the need to increase the...21 Global Strike Task Force Global Strike Task Force ( GSTF ) is the concept, initiated by General John R. Jumper, Air Force Chief of Staff...the way we fight. GSTF is the Chief’s concept to deal with the difficulties presented by regional threats, asymmetric challenges, and wild card

  6. 78 FR 49484 - Exchange of Air Force Real Property for Non-Air Force Real Property (United States)


    ... railway land described above was determined to be excess to military mission needs on April 29, 2013. The... military operations at Hanscom Air Force Base, Massachusetts. Description of the Air Force Property: Approximately 36 acres of railway corridor of irregular width, located in the North Falmouth section of the Town...

  7. 32 CFR 842.11 - Air Force claims organization. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Air Force claims organization. 842.11 Section 842.11 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE CLAIMS AND LITIGATION ADMINISTRATIVE CLAIMS Functions and Responsibilities § 842.11 Air Force claims organization. Air Force claims channels are: (a) Continental...

  8. Improving Energy Security for Air Force Installations (United States)

    Schill, David

    Like civilian infrastructure, Air Force installations are dependent on electrical energy for daily operations. Energy shortages translate to decreased productivity, higher costs, and increased health risks. But for the United States military, energy shortages have the potential to become national security risks. Over ninety-five percent of the electrical energy used by the Air Force is supplied by the domestic grid, which is susceptible to shortages and disruptions. Many Air Force operations require a continuous source of energy, and while the Air Force has historically established redundant supplies of electrical energy, these back-ups are designed for short-term outages and may not provide sufficient supply for a longer, sustained power outage. Furthermore, it is the goal of the Department of Defense to produce or procure 25 percent of its facility energy from renewable sources by fiscal year 2025. In a government budget environment where decision makers are required to provide more capability with less money, it is becoming increasingly important for informed decisions regarding which energy supply options bear the most benefit for an installation. The analysis begins by exploring the field of energy supply options available to an Air Force installation. The supply options are assessed according to their ability to provide continuous and reliable energy, their applicability to unique requirements of Air Force installations, and their costs. Various methods of calculating energy usage by an installation are also addressed. The next step of this research develops a methodology and tool which assesses how an installation responds to various power outage scenarios. Lastly, various energy supply options are applied to the tool, and the results are reported in terms of cost and loss of installation capability. This approach will allow installation commanders and energy managers the ability to evaluate the cost and effectiveness of various energy investment options.

  9. Forced Air-Breathing PEMFC Stacks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. S. Dhathathreyan


    Full Text Available Air-breathing fuel cells have a great potential as power sources for various electronic devices. They differ from conventional fuel cells in which the cells take up oxygen from ambient air by active or passive methods. The air flow occurs through the channels due to concentration and temperature gradient between the cell and the ambient conditions. However developing a stack is very difficult as the individual cell performance may not be uniform. In order to make such a system more realistic, an open-cathode forced air-breathing stacks were developed by making appropriate channel dimensions for the air flow for uniform performance in a stack. At CFCT-ARCI (Centre for Fuel Cell Technology-ARC International we have developed forced air-breathing fuel cell stacks with varying capacity ranging from 50 watts to 1500 watts. The performance of the stack was analysed based on the air flow, humidity, stability, and so forth, The major advantage of the system is the reduced number of bipolar plates and thereby reduction in volume and weight. However, the thermal management is a challenge due to the non-availability of sufficient air flow to remove the heat from the system during continuous operation. These results will be discussed in this paper.

  10. Forced Migration and Global Responsibility for Health (United States)

    Bozorgmehr, Kayvan; Razum, Oliver


    Forced migration has become a world-wide phenomenon in the past century, affecting increasing numbers of countries and people. It entails important challenges from a global health perspective. Leppold et al have critically discussed the Japanese interpretation of global responsibility for health in the context of forced migration. This commentary complements their analysis by outlining three priority areas of global health responsibility for European Union (EU) countries. We highlight important stages of the migration phases related to forced migration and propose three arguments. First, the chronic neglect of the large number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the discourses on the "refugee crisis" needs to be corrected in order to develop sustainable solutions with a framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Second, protection gaps in the global system of protection need to be effectively closed to resolve conflicts with border management and normative global health frameworks. Third, effective policies need to be developed and implemented to meet the health and humanitarian needs of forced migrants; at the same time, the solidarity crisis within the EU needs to be overcome. These stakes are high. EU countries, being committed to global health, should urgently address these areas. PMID:28812838

  11. The Air Force Officer and the Constitution (United States)


    Staff College at Maxwell Air Force Base, AL. He holds a Master of Arts degree in Military Arts and Science from Air University, and two Master of Arts ...Seminole 35 ▪ Cheyenne ▪ Arawak ▪ Shawnee ▪ Mohegan ▪ Huron ▪ Oneida ▪ Lakota ▪ Crow ▪ Teton ▪ Hopi ▪ Inuit INTEGRATED CIVICS A: Geography

  12. 32 CFR 855.22 - Air Force procedures. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Air Force procedures. 855.22 Section 855.22 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT CIVIL AIRCRAFT USE OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE AIRFIELDS Agreements for Civil Aircraft Use of Air Force Airfields § 855.22 Air Force procedures. (a) Upon receipt of a...

  13. Air pollution radiative forcing from specific emissions sectors at 2030 (United States)

    Unger, Nadine; Shindell, Drew T.; Koch, Dorothy M.; Streets, David G.


    Reduction of short-lived air pollutants can contribute to mitigate global warming in the near-term with ancillary benefits to human health. However, the radiative forcings of short-lived air pollutants depend on the location and source type of the precursor emissions. We apply the Goddard Institute for Space Studies atmospheric composition-climate model to quantify near-future (2030 A1B) global annual mean radiative forcing by ozone (O3) and sulfate from six emissions sectors in seven geographic regions. At 2030 the net forcings from O3, sulfate, black and organic carbon, and indirect CH4 effects for each emission sector are (in mWm-2) biomass burning, +95; domestic, +68; transportation, +67; industry, -131; and power, -224. Biomass burning emissions in East Asia and central and southern Africa, domestic biofuel emissions in East Asia, south Asia, and central and southern Africa, and transportation emissions in Europe and North America have large net positive forcings and are therefore attractive targets to counter global warming. Power and industry emissions from East Asia, south Asia, and north Africa and the Middle East have large net negative forcings. Therefore air quality control measures that affect these regional sectors require offsetting climate measures to avoid a warming impact. Linear relationships exist between O3 forcing and biomass burning and domestic biofuel CO precursor emissions independent of region with sensitivity of +0.2 mWm-2/TgCO. Similarly, linear relationships exist between sulfate forcing and SO2 precursor emissions that depend upon region but are independent of sector with sensitivities ranging from -3 to -12 mWm-2/TgS.

  14. Air Force Commander’s Guide to Diversity and Inclusion (United States)


    and foreign nationals with whom we interact as part of a globally engaged Air Force. 3 Gay and Lesbian Service Members In June 2015, Secretary of...Defense Ashton Carter announced that gay and lesbian service members will be afforded the same protection under the military’s equal opportunity policy...Perceptions of the Diversity/Capability Relationship , CAN Research Memorandum D0015452.A2, November 2007. Kraus, Amanda, and Martha Farnsworth Riche

  15. The contribution of China's emissions to global climate forcing. (United States)

    Li, Bengang; Gasser, Thomas; Ciais, Philippe; Piao, Shilong; Tao, Shu; Balkanski, Yves; Hauglustaine, Didier; Boisier, Juan-Pablo; Chen, Zhuo; Huang, Mengtian; Li, Laurent Zhaoxin; Li, Yue; Liu, Hongyan; Liu, Junfeng; Peng, Shushi; Shen, Zehao; Sun, Zhenzhong; Wang, Rong; Wang, Tao; Yin, Guodong; Yin, Yi; Zeng, Hui; Zeng, Zhenzhong; Zhou, Feng


    Knowledge of the contribution that individual countries have made to global radiative forcing is important to the implementation of the agreement on "common but differentiated responsibilities" reached by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Over the past three decades, China has experienced rapid economic development, accompanied by increased emission of greenhouse gases, ozone precursors and aerosols, but the magnitude of the associated radiative forcing has remained unclear. Here we use a global coupled biogeochemistry-climate model and a chemistry and transport model to quantify China's present-day contribution to global radiative forcing due to well-mixed greenhouse gases, short-lived atmospheric climate forcers and land-use-induced regional surface albedo changes. We find that China contributes 10% ± 4% of the current global radiative forcing. China's relative contribution to the positive (warming) component of global radiative forcing, mainly induced by well-mixed greenhouse gases and black carbon aerosols, is 12% ± 2%. Its relative contribution to the negative (cooling) component is 15% ± 6%, dominated by the effect of sulfate and nitrate aerosols. China's strongest contributions are 0.16 ± 0.02 watts per square metre for CO2 from fossil fuel burning, 0.13 ± 0.05 watts per square metre for CH4, -0.11 ± 0.05 watts per square metre for sulfate aerosols, and 0.09 ± 0.06 watts per square metre for black carbon aerosols. China's eventual goal of improving air quality will result in changes in radiative forcing in the coming years: a reduction of sulfur dioxide emissions would drive a faster future warming, unless offset by larger reductions of radiative forcing from well-mixed greenhouse gases and black carbon.

  16. Air Force B-21 Long Range Strike Bomber (United States)

    2016-04-14 3 The other top priorities, as enunciated by Air Force officials on many occasions, are the F-35A Lightning II fighter and the KC-46A...concept of large aircraft carrying long-range weaponry has resurfaced as DOD’s proposed “Arsenal Plane .” See, inter alia, James Drew, “USAF flaunts...arsenal plane ’ concept at Air Warfare Symposium,”, February 26, 2016,

  17. A Qualitative Force Structure Analysis of the Global Mobility Task Force (United States)


    Force GSTF Global Strike Task Force HLSTF Homeland Response Task Force HUMRO Humanitarian Relief Operation ISR Intelligence...Task Force (S&C4ISRTF) 3. Global Strike Task Force ( GSTF ) 4. Global Response Task Force (GRTF) 5. Homeland Security Task Force (HLSTF) 6. Global...enable the “ GSTF and GRTF to deploy and employ rapidly anywhere in the world at any time” (DAF, 2002:16). Therefore, the GMTF has three key

  18. Makers of the United States Air Force, (United States)


    Ret., 1986 (P() Stock # 008-070-00583-2 The Organization and Lineage of the United States Air Force, by Charles Ravenstein , 1986 GPO Stock # 008-070...aviation. By 1912, Foulois had spent more than four years on detached service with the Signal Corps. Federal law required him to rejoin his own branch...better control quality and prices by arranging contracts with proven producers. Applicable laws and Army regulations contained enough loopholes to

  19. Remodeling Air Force Cyber Command and Control (United States)


    Air Force CyberWorx offers facilitated design thinking sessions that bring stakeholders, industry and academic experts together to cyber officers, will relay the orders and help work priorities for units to the best of her abilities while motivating those below use of a collaborative network forum, like an improved MilSuite. This will ultimately increase the sharing of information among cyber squadrons

  20. Air Bag Momentum Force Including Aspiration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Nusholtz


    Full Text Available A gas-jet momentum force drives the air bag into position during a crash. The magnitude of this force can change as a result of aspiration. To determine the potential magnitude of the effect on the momentum force and mass flow rate in an aspirated system, a series of experiments and simulations of those experiments was conducted. The simulation consists of a two-dimensional unsteady isentropic CFD model with special “infinite boundaries”. One of the difficulties in simulating the gas-jet behavior is determining the mass flow rate. To improve the reliability of the mass flow rate input to the simulation, a sampling procedure involving multiple tests was used, and an average of the tests was adopted.

  1. Air Force Depot Maintenance: Analysis of Its Financial Operations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    The Air Force depot maintenance activity group is part of the Air Force Working Capital Fund, a revolving fund that relies on sales revenue rather than direct congressional appropriations to finance its operations...

  2. Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy (United States)


    Ravenstein , Air Force Combat Wings (Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, 1984), (hereafter, Ravenstein ) 141–142; Mueller, 1989 edition, 467–468... Ravenstein , author checked aircraft types and bases under each bombardment and strategic wing; Knaack, 156, 200–201, 292–293. 26. Lemmer, 194. History...Goldberg, 58–89. 36. Charles A. Ravenstein , The Organization and Lineage of the United States Air Force (Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History

  3. Economy of Force: Continuous Process Improvement And The Air Service (United States)


    Process Improvement,” and Harold Linnean III with his thesis, “Air Force Smart Operations for the Twenty-first Century : Identifying Potential...models throughout AF existence—Management By Objectives, Total Quality Management, Quality Air Force, Air Force Smart Operations for the 21st Century ...all, one of the chief customers of the Air Force is the American public. Chapter Outline The chapter structure of this thesis is intended to take

  4. Shaping an Air Force: A Chief’s Perspective (United States)


    Science degree in Environmental Engineering from the US Air Force Academy, a Master of Science degree in Operations Analysis from the Air Force...the US Army, signed Office Memorandum No. 6 creating the Aeronautical Division of the US Signal Corps.2 Captain Charles deForest Chandler was placed...Battle for Normandy, (New York, NY: Vintage Books, 1984), 272. 10 Air Force Magazine , “The Air Force in Facts and Figures 2010 USAF Almanac.” 2010

  5. A Search for Warriors: The Effects of Technology on the Air Force Ethos (United States)


    of soma cures ten gloomy. — Aldous Huxley Brave New World Change In The Air Global Engagement Following the 1996 Fall CORONA1 the Air Force...all drug the government gave the citizens of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World to solve their problems (the “gloomys.”) In so doing the government...viii THE CHANGING AIR FORCE: A BRAVE NEW WORLD

  6. Air Force concentrating photovoltaic array program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Geis, J.W.


    A summary is given of Air Force solar concentrator projects beginning with the Rockwell International study program in 1977. The Satellite Materials Hardening Programs (SMATH) explored and developed techniques for hardening planar solar cell array power systems to the combined nuclear and laser radiation threat environments. A portion of program dollars was devoted to developing a preliminary design for a hardened solar concentrator. The results of the Survivable Concentrating Photovoltaic Array (SCOPA) program, and the design, fabrication and flight qualification of a hardened concentrator panel are discussed

  7. Air Force Chaplains 1971-1980 (United States)


    Willie L , Meth., Jun 55-Jan 72 Wallace, John E, Disc, of Chr, May 66- WaUace, William T, Sr., So. Bapt., Oct 63- + Wallman , Robert C, Pres. US, Nov 55...K . L in i^ ’pp" ■ < i W*lk 1mm ^f ^^i ^^^ ^-i;v^ «TO FILE COPY This document has been approved for public release and sale; its...Chaplain, Lieutenant Colonel, USAF Reserve L ) \\ S.C EL’■-’"’ --■.f OEC 1 6 198B V OFFICE, CHIEF OF AIR FORCE CHAPLAINS WASHINGTON, D.C. 1986 Thi

  8. Final Environmental Assessment Nellis Air Force Base School Initiative, Nellis Air Force Base, Clark County, Nevada (United States)


    sobre e/ borrador de Ia EValuaci6n Ambfental para kJ inle/ativa eseolar de Nellis Air Force Base Clark County, Nevada. La fuena A~rea de Estados Unidos 99 ABWIPA at: (702) 652·2750 AVISO DE OISPONIBILJDAD La Fuerza A6rea de los- Estados Unldos invica al ,Ubtrco a presenrar comenrarios...scbr’e ef bof(ador de Ia Evaluacl6n Ambiental para Ia lnlt:Fativa escolar de Nellis Air Force Base Clark county, Nevada. L.a fuerza A~rea de Estados

  9. Anthropometry of Brazilian Air Force pilots. (United States)

    da Silva, Gilvan V; Halpern, Manny; Gordon, Claire C


    Anthropometric data are essential for the design of military equipment including sizing of aircraft cockpits and personal gear. Currently, there are no anthropometric databases specific to Brazilian military personnel. The aim of this study was to create a Brazilian anthropometric database of Air Force pilots. The methods, protocols, descriptions, definitions, landmarks, tools and measurements procedures followed the instructions outlined in Measurer's Handbook: US Army and Marine Corps Anthropometric Surveys, 2010-2011 - NATICK/TR-11/017. The participants were measured countrywide, in all five Brazilian Geographical Regions. Thirty-nine anthropometric measurements related to cockpit design were selected. The results of 2133 males and 206 females aged 16-52 years constitute a set of basic data for cockpit design, space arrangement issues and adjustments, protective gear and equipment design, as well as for digital human modelling. Another important implication is that this study can be considered a starting point for reducing gender bias in women's career as pilots. Practitioner Summary: This paper describes the first large-scale anthropometric survey of the Brazilian Air Force pilots and the development of the related database. This study provides critical data for improving aircraft cockpit design for ergonomics and comprehensive pilot accommodation, protective gear and uniform design, as well as digital human modelling.

  10. Small global-mean cooling due to volcanic radiative forcing (United States)

    Gregory, J. M.; Andrews, T.; Good, P.; Mauritsen, T.; Forster, P. M.


    In both the observational record and atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) simulations of the last ˜150 years, short-lived negative radiative forcing due to volcanic aerosol, following explosive eruptions, causes sudden global-mean cooling of up to ˜0.3 K. This is about five times smaller than expected from the transient climate response parameter (TCRP, K of global-mean surface air temperature change per W m-2 of radiative forcing increase) evaluated under atmospheric CO2 concentration increasing at 1 % yr-1. Using the step model (Good et al. in Geophys Res Lett 38:L01703, 2011. doi: 10.1029/2010GL045208), we confirm the previous finding (Held et al. in J Clim 23:2418-2427, 2010. doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3466.1) that the main reason for the discrepancy is the damping of the response to short-lived forcing by the thermal inertia of the upper ocean. Although the step model includes this effect, it still overestimates the volcanic cooling simulated by AOGCMs by about 60 %. We show that this remaining discrepancy can be explained by the magnitude of the volcanic forcing, which may be smaller in AOGCMs (by 30 % for the HadCM3 AOGCM) than in off-line calculations that do not account for rapid cloud adjustment, and the climate sensitivity parameter, which may be smaller than for increasing CO2 (40 % smaller than for 4 × CO2 in HadCM3).

  11. History of Turkish Air Force Aviation School and the Process of Transition to Air Force Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman YALÇIN


    Full Text Available Turkish aviation has started as a military entity. The foundation of ‘’Tayyare Komisyonu’’ (Airplane Comission in June 1, 1911 has been accepted as the official starting point. The organization of aviation includes pilot training, airplane supply, fondation of aviation school, establishment of combatant units, and building the air vehicles with local and national endeavour. Later, air defense systems, meteorology, training observers, machine specialist and technicians has gained importance as well. Turkish aviation has been built upon the ruins of the last wars of Ottoman Empire. After the invasion of the British and the French, Ottoman aviators moved to Maltepe and then to various parts of Anatolia eventually. During the Independence War, aviation school was founded in Eskişehir, moved to Adana, Konya, and came back to Adana again. After the Greek forces were expelled from Anatolia via İzmir, aviation school was moved to İzmir. In 1925, it was brought back to Eskişehir on October 1, 1951. After WWII, the duration of training in order to be a pilot was six years. In 1929, aviation school turned out to be an academic institution as well. On October 1, 1951, Air Force Academy was established in Eskişehir. Due to high sound of jet air planes, the academy was moved to İzmir in 1954. Education and training were restructured there and the quality was raised. In 1967, Air Force Academy was moved back to Yeşilköy where Turkish aviation was born some 47 years ago. Due to academic diversity and rich culture heritage, a productive period has started in Istanbul. Air Force Academy has been an institution offering BA level education since 2001 whose process goes back to 1990s. Around 90 civilian and 50 military academicians conduct education and research per year. Military training including Yalova encampment site, affective domain training, and sports activities are also conducted as well. With a 103 years history and around 16.000 graduates

  12. Recruiting for Foreign Language Skills Strategies for the Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Higgins, Maureen B


    .... The expeditionary Air Force (AF) mission demands Airmen with international insight, foreign language proficiency, and cultural knowledge to understand the specific regional context in which air and space power may be applied...

  13. Information Superiority: Outsourcing an Air Force Core Competency?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    McTerman, Hugh


    .... This thesis explores the perceived relationship between the core competency requirements for information superiority and the tasks defined for the Air Force communication, computer, and information career field...

  14. Diversity Within the U.S. Air Force Senior Leadership (United States)


    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY DIVERSITY WITHIN THE U.S. AIR FORCE SENIOR LEADERSHIP by Gary N. Leong, Lt Col, USAF A Research Report...16 MANAGING DIVERSITY...potential. 2 With such a strong endorsement for the value of diversity from the Air Force’s topmost leadership , one would expect the diversity of the

  15. Inspector General, DOD, Oversight of the Air Force Audit Agency Audit of the FY 1999 Air Force General Fund Financial Statements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lane, F


    ..., "Opinion on Fiscal Year 1999 Air Force Consolidated Financial Statements." Our objective was to determine the accuracy and completeness of the Air Force Audit Agency audit of the FY 1999 Air Force General Fund financial statements...



    Reserve Component.”91 While this is a step toward Total Force integration , there are certain limitations. One of the most significant disadvantages to...AU/ACSC/2016 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY TOTAL FORCE INTEGRATION : PROVIDING STABILITY FOR CITIZEN SOLDIERS IN AN EVER...CHANGING AIR FORCE by Patricia M. Adams, Major, USAFR A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty In Partial Fulfillment of the Graduation

  17. U.S. Air Force Doctrine: A Perspective (United States)


    a result, Air Force Space Command was activated followed by Naval Space Command and culminating in their merger as a unified command in 1985 as the...7 December 1988. AFR 800-2, Acqusition Program Management. Washington D.C.: Department of the Air Force, 16 September 1985. Anderton, David A. "POMO

  18. Strategies for managing academic stress among air force secondary ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper focuses on the concept of stress, academic stress and causes of academic stress experienced by the students of Air Force Secondary schools. The paper goes further to look at the effects, symptoms of academic stress among students of the Air Force Secondary Schools, and proffers some strategies for ...

  19. 77 FR 55465 - US Air Force Exclusive Patent License (United States)


    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force US Air Force Exclusive Patent License AGENCY..., DOD. ACTION: Notice of Intent to Issue an Exclusive Patent License. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the.... Patent No. 8,051,475, filed on March 27, 2007 and issued on November 1, 2011, entitled ``Collaboration...

  20. Global source attribution of sulfate aerosol and its radiative forcing (United States)

    Yang, Y.; Wang, H.; Smith, S.; Easter, R. C.; Ma, P. L.; Qian, Y.; Li, C.; Yu, H.; Rasch, P. J.


    Sulfate is an important aerosol that poses health risks and influences climate. Due to long-range atmospheric transport, local sulfate pollution could result from intercontinental influences, making domestic efforts of improving air quality inefficient. Accurate understanding of source attribution of sulfate and its radiative forcing is important for both regional air quality improvement and global climate mitigation. In this study, for the first time, a sulfur source-tagging capability is implemented in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM5) to quantify the global source-receptor relationships of sulfate and its direct and indirect radiative forcing (DRF and IRF). Near-surface sulfate concentrations are mostly contributed by local emissions in regions with high emissions, while over regions with relatively low SO2 emissions, the near-surface sulfate is primarily attributed to non-local sources from long-range transport. The export of SO2 and sulfate from Europe contributes 20% of sulfate concentrations over North Africa, Russia and Central Asia. Sources from the Middle East account for 20% of sulfate over North Africa, Southern Africa and Central Asia in winter and autumn, and 20% over South Asia in spring. East Asia accounts for about 50% of sulfate over Southeast Asia in winter and autumn, 15% over Russia in summer, and 10% over North America in spring. South Asia contributes to 25% of sulfate over Southeast Asia in spring. Lifetime of aerosols, together with regional export, is found to determine regional air quality. The simulated global total sulfate DRF is -0.42 W m-2, with 75% contributed by anthropogenic sulfate and 25% contributed by natural sulfate. In the Southern Hemisphere tropics, dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contributes the most to the total DRF. East Asia has the largest contribution of 20-30% over the Northern Hemisphere mid- and high-latitudes. A 20% perturbation of sulfate and its precursor emissions gives a sulfate IRF of -0.44 W m-2. DMS has the

  1. Army - Air Force Cooperation: Looking Backward to Move Forward (United States)


    the land battle.1 Today’s disagreements focus more on control of unmanned reconnaissance drones , providing air base defense and conducting counter... History demonstrates that ever-changing strategic environments require a military willing to transform and adapt.6 The Army, in its 2014 operating...cooperation between the Army and the Air Force. While the and Missions, by Richard I. Wolf (Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History , 1987), v. 5 Elwood

  2. Possible forcing of global temperature by the oceanic tides (United States)

    Keeling, Charles D.; Whorf, Timothy P.


    An approximately decadal periodicity in surface air temperature is discernable in global observations from A.D. 1855 to 1900 and since A.D. 1945, but with a periodicity of only about 6 years during the intervening period. Changes in solar irradiance related to the sunspot cycle have been proposed to account for the former, but cannot account for the latter. To explain both by a single mechanism, we propose that extreme oceanic tides may produce changes in sea surface temperature at repeat periods, which alternate between approximately one-third and one-half of the lunar nodal cycle of 18.6 years. These alternations, recurring at nearly 90-year intervals, reflect varying slight degrees of misalignment and departures from the closest approach of the Earth with the Moon and Sun at times of extreme tide raising forces. Strong forcing, consistent with observed temperature periodicities, occurred at 9-year intervals close to perihelion (solar perigee) for several decades centered on A.D. 1881 and 1974, but at 6-year intervals for several decades centered on A.D. 1923. As a physical explanation for tidal forcing of temperature we propose that the dissipation of extreme tides increases vertical mixing of sea water, thereby causing episodic cooling near the sea surface. If this mechanism correctly explains near-decadal temperature periodicities, it may also apply to variability in temperature and climate on other times-scales, even millennial and longer. PMID:11607740

  3. Promoting Sound Ethical Decisions in the Air Force: CGO Solutions to Air Force Moral and Ethical Lapses (United States)


    3Lolita Baldor and Robert Burns, “Air Force Drug Probe Widened to Include Cheating, Official Says.”Huffington Post, 17 March 2014. http...August 2012. Baldor , Lolita and Robert Burns, “Air Force Drug Probe Widened to Include Cheating, Official Says.”Huffington Post, 17 March 2014

  4. Global mega forces: Implications for the future of natural resources (United States)

    George H. Kubik


    The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of leading global mega forces and their importance to the future of natural resource decisionmaking, policy development, and operation. Global mega forces are defined as a combination of major trends, preferences, and probabilities that come together to produce the potential for future high-impact outcomes. These...

  5. Future Force Warrior: Insights from Air Assault Expeditionary Force Assessment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Turner, Daniel D; Carstens, Christian B


    .... Each system included the FFW uniform and helmet, body armor chassis, global positioning system tracking receivers, radio communication equipment, a computer system with operating software, and voice-activated controls...

  6. Roles of production, consumption and trade in global and regional aerosol radiative forcing (United States)

    Lin, J.; Tong, D.; Davis, S. J.; Ni, R.; Tan, X.; Pan, D.; Zhao, H.; Lu, Z.; Streets, D. G.; Feng, T.; Zhang, Q.; Yan, Y.; Hu, Y.; Li, J.; Liu, Z.; Jiang, X.; Geng, G.; He, K.; Huang, Y.; Guan, D.


    aerosols while lowering global emissions associated with global consumption. Ref: Lin et al., China's international trade and air pollution in the United States, PNAS, 2014 Lin et al., Global climate forcing of aerosols embodied in international trade, Nature Geoscience, 2016

  7. Freshman and Sophomore Business Students’ Perception of Global Forces


    Bahadir K. Akcam; Ahmet Guler; Hakan Hekim


    The purpose of this article is to describe the perception on global forces of business major freshman and sophomore undergraduate students in the United States. As global forces deeply impact business life around the world, educators are looking for ways to provide necessary knowledge and skills in business education curricula to develop competitive and competent students who are prepared for the global economy. Although such efforts focus on the end result in education, understanding student...

  8. 33 CFR 334.1280 - Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. 334.1280 Section 334.1280 Navigation and Navigable... REGULATIONS § 334.1280 Bristol Bay, Alaska; air-to-air weapon range, Alaskan Air Command, U.S. Air Force. (a...

  9. Force Structure: Better Information Needed to Support Air Force A-10 and Other Future Divestment Decisions (United States)


    timeframes and identify and examine new concepts and capabilities. • Future F-35 versions are expected to improve on CAS capability from the “ Vietnam Rep. Otis Pike chaired a subcommittee for 7 days to investigate Vietnam CAS deficiencies. 1966 Johnson- McConnell Agreement Air Force...First F-16 delivered to Air Force 1982 The Army developed concept on AirLand battle U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command developed this concept to

  10. Air Force Organizational Transformation: Merging the Active and Reserve Components

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Warren, Jonathan


    .... These include the active associate, reserve associate, and blended unit concepts. Finally, it provides a recommendation as to which concept will best meet the future warfighting needs of the Air Force.

  11. United States Air Force Nurse Crops Captains' Perceived Leadership Effectiveness

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Randall, Marjorie


    ... effectiveness of nurses who lacked the additional training. Two hundred and seventy-nine United States Air Force Nurse Corps Captains with management experience completed Kouzes and Posner's Leadership Practice Inventory-Self (LPI...

  12. Agile Computing for Air Force Information Management Infrastructures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Suri, Niranjan


    The objective of this effort was to leverage from and extend the agile computing approach and metaphor to improve Air Force Information Management infrastructures for dynamic and tactical environments...

  13. Air and Space Expeditionary Force Crisis Action Leadership for Commanders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Molloy, James P


    .... The Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) concept has been executed for a multitude of operations, including the recent Operations ENDURING FREEDOM, IRAQI FREEDOM, AND NOBLE EAGLE, during which several units deployed on very short notice...

  14. Outsourcing the Air Force Mission: A Strategy for Success

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Palmby, William G


    ... has become more dependent on outsourcing. Not only has the number of outsourced positions and functions increased, but also the Air Force has expanded the scope of outsourced functions to include many that significantly affect the success...

  15. Analysis of Air Force Civil Engineering Strategic Planning

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mondo, Francis


    Several organizations within the Department of Defense, including the Air Force Civil Engineer, are actively engaged in strategic planning in an effort to create a roadmap for future capabilities and performance...

  16. Turkish Air Force's Experiences in Chemical Material Acquisition

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Taskiran, Huseyin


    .... In addition, it analyzes the chemical material acquisition from business perspective. Due to operating in different environments, the Turkish Air Force and the private sector have different objectives in the acquisition of chemical materials...

  17. Changing Demographics and the Impact on Air Force Officer Retention

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Armstrong, Brenda


    ... for a work/life balance among both military members and their civilian counterparts. As the labor shortage for professional skills continues, the Air Force must look for innovative ways to retain its officers...

  18. Speaking Effectively: A Guide for Air Force Speakers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kline, John


    Speaking Effectively presents techniques on how to speak successfully. It takes a "how-to" approach to effective speaking in the Air Force and presents proven techniques as concisely and completely as possible...

  19. Sexual Ethics, Organizational Climate, and the Air Expeditionary Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Urdzik, Christopher J; Toner, Christopher


    ... negative impact on unit cohesion and morale. In the last 10 years, three major factors have combined to make sexual misconduct an increasing topic of concern for the USAF-the Air Expeditionary Force (AEF...

  20. Usability and Accessibility of Air Force Intranet Web Sites

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Bentley, Richard S


    .... This research effort seeks to establish an understanding of how well common practice usability design principles and government mandated accessibility guidelines are followed by Air Force intranet web sites...

  1. Environmental Assessment for Shoreline Stabilization at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dischner, David M; Lingner, David; Rock, Howard B; Combs, Jennifer; Brandenburg, Catherine


    The United States Air Force (Air Force), 1st Fighter Wing (1 FW) proposes to implement various methods to stabilize the shoreline at several locations along the Back River waterfront at Langley Air Force Base (AFB...

  2. Unliquidated Obligations for Air Force-Funded Projects Administered by The Naval Facilities Engineering Command

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    ... consolidated financial statements. The Air Force Audit Agency requested us to assist in its review of the Statement of Budgetary Resources for the Air Force General Fund by reviewing unliquidated obligations for Air Force-funded...

  3. Standard operating procedure for air quality stationary source management at Air Force installations in the Air Force Materiel Command

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powell, C.M.; Ryckman, S.J. [Headquarters Air Force Materiel Command, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States). Environmental Compliance Branch


    To sustain compliance and avoid future enforcement actions associated with air quality stationary sources and to provide installation commanders with a certification process for Title V permitting, and Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC) Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Stationary Source Management has been developed. The SOP consists of two major sections: Stationary Source Planning and Administration, and Stationary Source Operations These two main sections are further subdivided into twelve subsections which delineate requirements (e.g. maintaining inventories, applying for and maintaining permits, keeping records, reporting and certifying compliance) and assign ownership of processes and responsibilities (e.g. appointing a manager/alternate for each identified stationary air source). In addition, the SOP suggests training that should be provided from operator to commander levels to ensure that all personnel involved with a stationary air source are aware of their responsibilities. Implementation of the SOP should provide for the essential control necessary for installation commanders to eliminate stationary air source non-compliance and to certify compliance in accordance with the Title V Operating Permit requirements. This paper will discuss: the background and purpose for the SOPs content, the twelve subsections of the SOP, the success of implementation at various installations, the relevance or the recommended training, the success of negotiating with various labor unions for SOP implementation and the success of the SOP in reference to its intended purpose.

  4. Collected Engineering Data Sheets (Air Force Data Sheet Program) (United States)


    extracted from the mold . The metal is refined and desulfurized by flux action and the micro- structure is improved by controlled solidification . The...of three tests in each direction . (c) NA, not applicable. 371 200 1 l? (�) 140 ~ (100) ni TYS (L) D TYS (T) _____________ 120 35 9 e (L) A E (T) 30...34Engineering and Design Data". The work was administered under the direction of the Air Force Materials Laboratory, Air Force Systems Command, Wright

  5. Setup: What the Air Force Did in Vietnam and Why (United States)


    Ibid., 264. 84 . Ibid., 271 . 85 . Ibid., 256. 86 . Marcelle Size Knaack, Encyclopedia of U.S . Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems (Washington...course, operated over the Ho Chi Minh Trail . In January 1966 the Air Force launched Operation Cricket , which entailed the use of single-engine, propeller...operations 90 Base area 353 : 195 Cricket . See operations Battambang : 275 Bay of Pigs : 47 Dak To: 229 Berlin : 47 Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA



    Much of the cyber capabilities that enable mission owners to function are outside their influence and often outside their visibility. This situation...mission owner wants, and the nature of risk management. The consequences of these issues are more than academic concerns as they have contributed to...perspective of the user and that of key leaders in positions to exert great influence on the future of cyber in the Air Force. While the Air Force likely

  7. Shaping Air Mobility Forces for Future Relevance (United States)


    other decision makers. Each paper can also be a valuable tool for defining further research. These studies are available elec- tronically or in...two different aircraft. Barring mir- acles, future advances in propulsion and airframe designs may make for more elegant solutions to these mil/tpubs/pams/tp525-3-1.pdf. 10. The DOD defines oversize air cargo as “exceeding the usable dimension of a 463L [air cargo] pallet loaded to

  8. Will the Bomber Always Get Through? The Air Force and Its Reliance on Technology (United States)


    examined in their embryonic stages. The most prevalent doctrine being espoused by Air Force leadership is the Global Strike Task Force ( GSTF ) model...The technologies previously discussed make GSTF feasible, but what makes GSTF possible is stealth. Commonly referred to as the “kick-down-the...door” concept, GSTF is not envisioned as a war-winning scenario. Rather, it provides “a capacity to systematically destroy hundreds of targets, roll

  9. Senior Leader Perspective on the Air Force Nuclear Enterprise: Todays Issues and the Future (United States)


    discovered in the spring of 2008, eighteen months after the shipment was completed (White 2008). DLA continued with their quarterly inventory checks force-stands-up-global-strike-command.aspx. Martinez, Luis. 2013. ABC News. October 09. http

  10. Nellis and Creech Air Force Bases Capital Improvements Program Environmental Assessment (United States)


    57th Wing, other Air Force units, Navy, Marine Corps and allied air forces. Creech AFB is also the primary training site for the United States Air...Forces, Air National Guard, U.S. Air Force Reserve, Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and allied air forces. They are led by a Blue Forces commander who...includes desert iguana (Dipsosaurus dorsalis), zebra-tailed lizard (Callosaurus draconoides), side-blotched lizard, horned lizards (Phrynosoma spp

  11. An Air Force Strategy for the Long Haul (United States)


    Davis, Anatomy of a Reform: The Expeditionary Aerospace Force (Washington, DC: Air Force History and Museums Program, 2003), page 11. 18 Adam J...8217& [ basing (both in numbers and defenses), threatens to hamstring the US military’s abil- ity to project

  12. Environmental Assessment: Installation Development at Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas (United States)


    America—Division of Saint -Gobain Fiberglass Reinforcements 888 Cryovac Division—Sealed Air Corporation Flexible Packaging 750 Cingular Wireless...Affected Environment Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas 3-55 May 31, 2007 Archer County, Baylor County, Brown County, Callahan County, Clay County

  13. Fuel Reduction for the Mobility Air Forces: Executive Summary (United States)


    Air Forces (MAF) Energy Costs: Best Practices in Aviation Operations and Training.” It should be of interest to mobility air operations planners and... Wed %201600%20Fuel%20Efficiency%20Initiatives- Kyle%20Smith.pdf Smoot, Harold, “AWBS: Automated Weight & Balance System,” Lockheed Martin Corporation

  14. The Warfighting Capacity of Air Combat Command's Numbered Air Forces

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hanser, Lawrence


    ...) of the Air Combat Command (ACC), General Richard E. Hawley, the ACC Commander, asked if RAND could offer an analysis of the number of NAFs that were needed by ACC to meet warfighting requirements...

  15. Gerontology Nurses: Are They Needed in the Air Force? (United States)


    Nurse Administration, Education 16 Community Health Nursing 12 Midwifery II. Public Health Nursing 10 Cardio-Vascular Nursing 7 Nurse Science 4...EDUCATION Nursing Administration I1 Public Health Nursing (MPH) 8 Medical Surgical 6 Maternal-Child 4 Midwifery 3.- Anesthesia 3 1515 °. Cardlo-Vascular 2...AO-A172 333 GERONTOLOGY NURSES : AIRE THEY NEEDED IN THE AIR FORCE? v/1 (U) AIR CONNAND AND STAFF COLL NAXHELL AFB AL C 9 SCHAUB APR 85 RCSC-95-2300

  16. The Maharaja’s New AVTAAR: Air-Refuelling Strategy for the Indian Air Force (United States)


    and Lolita C Baldor , "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force Tanker Order," Aviation on NBC Feruary 24, 2011. (accessed March 23, 2013). Cassata, Donna, and Lolita C Baldor . "Boeing gets $35 Billion Air Force

  17. An Operational Analysis for Air Force 2025: An Application of Value-Focused Thinking to Future Air and Space Capabilities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jackson, Jack


    In the summer of 1995 the Air Force chief of staff tasked Air University to conduct a year-long study Air Force 2025 to "generate ideas and concepts on the capabilities the United States will require...

  18. United States Air Force History. A Guide to Documentary Sources (United States)


    Series: Reference series (United States. Air Force. Office of Air Force History) CD3034.5.P37 1985 016.3584� 85-18851 ISBN 0-912799-21-8 For sale by...1914 a force was sent to Veracruz and in 1916 a Punitive Expedition was also sent to Mexico; and in the 1920’s U. S. troops were again sent to China...records, foreign military sales files, and a large volume of allotment folders. 63 FEDERAL RECORDS CENTER General Services Administration Mechanicsburg

  19. Global atmospheric chemistry – which air matters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Prather


    Full Text Available An approach for analysis and modeling of global atmospheric chemistry is developed for application to measurements that provide a tropospheric climatology of those heterogeneously distributed, reactive species that control the loss of methane and the production and loss of ozone. We identify key species (e.g., O3, NOx, HNO3, HNO4, C2H3NO5, H2O, HOOH, CH3OOH, HCHO, CO, CH4, C2H6, acetaldehyde, acetone and presume that they can be measured simultaneously in air parcels on the scale of a few km horizontally and a few tenths of a km vertically. As a first step, six global models have prepared such climatologies sampled at the modeled resolution for August with emphasis on the vast central Pacific Ocean basin. Objectives of this paper are to identify and characterize differences in model-generated reactivities as well as species covariances that could readily be discriminated with an unbiased climatology. A primary tool is comparison of multidimensional probability densities of key species weighted by the mass of such parcels or frequency of occurrence as well as by the reactivity of the parcels with respect to methane and ozone. The reactivity-weighted probabilities tell us which parcels matter in this case, and this method shows skill in differentiating among the models' chemistry. Testing 100 km scale models with 2 km measurements using these tools also addresses a core question about model resolution and whether fine-scale atmospheric structures matter to the overall ozone and methane budget. A new method enabling these six global chemistry–climate models to ingest an externally sourced climatology and then compute air parcel reactivity is demonstrated. Such an objective climatology containing these key species is anticipated from the NASA Atmospheric Tomography (ATom aircraft mission (2015–2020, executing profiles over the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean basins. This modeling study addresses a core part of the design of ATom.

  20. Global atmospheric chemistry - which air matters (United States)

    Prather, Michael J.; Zhu, Xin; Flynn, Clare M.; Strode, Sarah A.; Rodriguez, Jose M.; Steenrod, Stephen D.; Liu, Junhua; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Fiore, Arlene M.; Horowitz, Larry W.; Mao, Jingqiu; Murray, Lee T.; Shindell, Drew T.; Wofsy, Steven C.


    An approach for analysis and modeling of global atmospheric chemistry is developed for application to measurements that provide a tropospheric climatology of those heterogeneously distributed, reactive species that control the loss of methane and the production and loss of ozone. We identify key species (e.g., O3, NOx, HNO3, HNO4, C2H3NO5, H2O, HOOH, CH3OOH, HCHO, CO, CH4, C2H6, acetaldehyde, acetone) and presume that they can be measured simultaneously in air parcels on the scale of a few km horizontally and a few tenths of a km vertically. As a first step, six global models have prepared such climatologies sampled at the modeled resolution for August with emphasis on the vast central Pacific Ocean basin. Objectives of this paper are to identify and characterize differences in model-generated reactivities as well as species covariances that could readily be discriminated with an unbiased climatology. A primary tool is comparison of multidimensional probability densities of key species weighted by the mass of such parcels or frequency of occurrence as well as by the reactivity of the parcels with respect to methane and ozone. The reactivity-weighted probabilities tell us which parcels matter in this case, and this method shows skill in differentiating among the models' chemistry. Testing 100 km scale models with 2 km measurements using these tools also addresses a core question about model resolution and whether fine-scale atmospheric structures matter to the overall ozone and methane budget. A new method enabling these six global chemistry-climate models to ingest an externally sourced climatology and then compute air parcel reactivity is demonstrated. Such an objective climatology containing these key species is anticipated from the NASA Atmospheric Tomography (ATom) aircraft mission (2015-2020), executing profiles over the Pacific and Atlantic Ocean basins. This modeling study addresses a core part of the design of ATom.

  1. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Security Forces Operations Facility, Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Meyer, Elizabeth; Myklebust, Jessica; Denier, James; Christner, Jennifer; Fontaine, Kathyrn


    The United States Air Force (USAF) has prepared this EA in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act to evaluate the potential environmental and social impacts from the construction and operation of the proposed SFOF...

  2. Improvements to Air Force Strategic Basing Decisions (United States)


    led by Albert Wohlstetter prompted wholesale changes to SAC’s global posture and its concept of operations. Prior to this analysis, SAC, which had...Security Strategy, Washington, D.C., May 2010. Wohlstetter, A. J., Fred S. Hoffman , R. J. Lutz, and Henry S. Rowen, Selection and Use of Strategic

  3. Foundation of the Force. Air Force Enlisted Personnel Policy, 1907-1956 (United States)


    leaders, albeit an odd group of military luminaries and social reformers that included Eisenhower, Marshall, Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, and Jane...Shelley, Mary Wollstonecraft , 128 recruiting process, 102, 103-106, 115 Signal Corps Recruiting Publicity Center, 95 Aeronautical Division, 7 recruiting...Air Force?" Air Force Magazine, May 1953, p. 33. The long-term consequences of military life on families is lucidly discussed in Mary R. Truscott’s

  4. Flextime: A Modified Work Force Scheduling Technique for Selected Headquarters Air Force Logistics Command Organizations. (United States)

    Kimzey, Reed T.; Prince, Samuel M. O.

    The thesis discusses the advantages and disadvantages of one work force scheduling technique--flextime. The authors were interested in determining if a flextime schedule could be put into effect in a governmental organization such as Headquarters Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC). The study objectives were to determine the feasibility,…

  5. Final Environmental Assessment for Installation Development at Little Rock Air Force Base Arkansas (United States)


    Environmental Quality ADSL average daily student load AETC Air Education and Training Command AF Air Force AFB Air Force Base AFCESA Air Force Civil...load ( ADSL ) in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 but level back to current programmed ADSL . • U.S. Marine C-130 Training. This is the expansion of current C...American Landing Zone ADSL Average Daily Student Load AETC Air Education and Training Command AFB Air Force Base AGL above ground level AMC Air

  6. The impact of diurnal variations of air traffic on contrail radiative forcing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Stuber


    Full Text Available We combined high resolution aircraft flight data from the EU Fifth Framework Programme project AERO2k with analysis data from the ECMWF's integrated forecast system to calculate diurnally resolved 3-D contrail cover. We scaled the contrail cover in order to match observational data for the Bakan area (eastern-Atlantic/western-Europe.

    We found that less than 40% of the global distance travelled by aircraft is due to flights during local night time. Yet, due to the cancellation of shortwave and longwave effects during daytime, night time flights contribute a disproportional 60% to the global annual mean forcing. Under clear sky conditions the night flights contribute even more disproportionally at 76%. There are pronounced regional variations in night flying and the associated radiative forcing. Over parts of the North Atlantic flight corridor 75% of air traffic and 84% of the forcing occurs during local night, whereas only 35% of flights are during local night in South-East Asia, yet these contribute 68% of the radiative forcing. In general, regions with a significant local contrail radiative forcing are also regions for which night time flights amount to less than half of the daily total of flights. Therefore, neglecting diurnal variations in air traffic/contrail cover by assuming a diurnal mean contrail cover can over-estimate the global mean radiative forcing by up to 30%.

  7. 77 FR 5781 - Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina... (United States)


    ... DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Record of Decision for the Air Space Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina Final Environmental Impact Statement ACTION: Notice of... signed the ROD for the Airspace Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina Final...

  8. Verifying Air Force Weather Passive Satellite Derived Cloud Analysis Products (United States)

    Nobis, T. E.


    Air Force Weather (AFW) has developed an hourly World-Wide Merged Cloud Analysis (WWMCA) using imager data from 16 geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites. The analysis product contains information on cloud fraction, height, type and various optical properties including optical depth and integrated water path. All of these products are derived using a suite of algorithms which rely exclusively on passively sensed data from short, mid and long wave imager data. The system integrates satellites with a wide-range of capabilities, from the relatively simple two-channel OLS imager to the 16 channel ABI/AHI to create a seamless global analysis in real time. Over the last couple of years, AFW has started utilizing independent verification data from active sensed cloud measurements to better understand the performance limitations of the WWMCA. Sources utilized include space based lidars (CALIPSO, CATS) and radar (CloudSat) as well as ground based lidars from the Department of Energy ARM sites and several European cloud radars. This work will present findings from our efforts to compare active and passive sensed cloud information including comparison techniques/limitations as well as performance of the passive derived cloud information against the active.



    Objects Report, Public Affairs RPA Tracker. Database, Joint Base San Antonio: Air Force Personnel Center. 12 Air Force Public Affairs SharePoint Site...Air Force Public Affairs SharePoint Site. Career Management. Accessed 22 February, 2016.

  10. Organizational Change in the United States Air Force (United States)


    organizational change on the part of the Air Force. This exploratory study analyzes the transition between the Cold War and post-Cold War periods to identify key variables in the organizational change process that might be susceptible to policy intervention. In particular, it highlights the importance of an external change agent in the form of a directed change in mission, or an internal change agent in the form of organizational learning, as essential factors in transforming the Air Force’s organizational strategy, which is the first step in

  11. The Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. An Air Force Readiness Issue (United States)


    measured by the number and functional ability of subgroups of lymphocytes (white blood cells), but because lymphocyte subgroups perform specialized...coordination with military and civilian blood bank organizations to trace possible exposure through blood transfusion or donation of infected blood , and...Ta’v:es Table Page a1 . Walter Reed Classification System................. 21 2. AIDS data for Air Force Members................... 25 3. Total force

  12. United States Air Force Annual Financial Statement 2011 (United States)


    Fine Art : The art collection contains original oils, drawings, sketches and sculptures . For FY 2011, the Air Force Art Program has received 20...2,414 Museum Collection Items (Objects, Not Including Fine Art ) Each 125,756 3,899 46 129,609 Museum Collection Items (Objects, Fine Art ) Each...buildings and structures, archeological sites, museum collection items (objects, not including fine art ), and museum collection items (fine art ). The Air

  13. Air Force Officer Qualifying Test Form T: Initial Item-, Test-, Factor-, and Composite-Level Analyses (United States)


    Air Force Officer Qualifying Test, Form T1 AFOQT T2 Air Force Officer Qualifying Test, Form T2 AGFI Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index AI Air Force...Qualifying Test Electrical Maze subtest g General mental ability factor GFI Goodness of Fit Index GLS Generalized Least Squares GS Air Force...AFRL-RH-WP-TR-2016-0093 AIR FORCE OFFICER QUALIFYING TEST FORM T: INITIAL ITEM-, TEST-, FACTOR-, AND COMPOSITE-LEVEL ANALYSES

  14. Forced convection heat transfer to air/water vapor mixtures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Richards, D.R.; Florschuetz, L.W.


    Heat transfer coefficients were measured using both dry air and air/water vapor mixtures in the same forced convection cooling test rig (jet array impingement configurations) with mass ratios of water vapor to air up to 0.23. The primary objective was to verify by direct experiment that selected existing methods for evaluation of viscosity and thermal conductivity of air/water vapor mixtures could be used with confidence to predict heat transfer coefficients for such mixtures using as a basis heat transfer data for dry air only. The property evaluation methods deemed most appropriate require as a basis a measured property value at one mixture composition in addition to the property values for the pure components. 20 references

  15. AFCYBER: Postured to Support Air Force and USCYBERCOM Cyber Needs? (United States)


    Jason Healey , “Claiming the Lost Cyber Heritage,” Strategic Studies Quarterly, Fall 2012, 12. 11 Secretary of the Air Force Michael W. Wynne and...Fall 2008), 10. 86 Ibid., 10; Jason Healey , “Claiming the Lost Cyber Heritage,” Strategic Studies Quarterly (Fall 2012), 16. 87 “Cyber Guardian

  16. Connecting United States Air Force Core Values to Mission Accomplishment (United States)


    they should act versus the way people actually act ( Ajzen , 1991). Culture, environmental factors, individual factors, and psychological mechanisms...Resolution, 6 June 2012. Air Force Instruction (AFI) 91-204. Safety Investigations and Reports, 24 September 2008. Ajzen , Icek. “The Theory of

  17. U.S. Air Force Engineering and Services Hardware Requirements (United States)


    This document proposes a path to meet the communications-computer systems (CSC) requirements of Air Force Engineering and Services (E and S) in the mid-to-late 1990s. It reflects the philosophies that guide E and S upper- level management as it carri...

  18. Aviation Psychological Practice in the Nigerian Air Force ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aviation Psychological Practice in the Nigerian Air Force: Challenges and Prospects. ... The study recommended a range of measures to enhance the productivity and safety of the aircrew, including the introduction of Human Factors training into the aircrew curricular to enhance the development of non-technical skills ...

  19. 32 CFR 631.15 - Air Force policy. (United States)


    .... (a) Airmen, military and/or Department of the Air Force Civilian (DAFC) police performing off...) Military and/or DAFC police assigned to off-installation operations have the sole purpose of enforcing parts, and orders pertaining to persons subject to their jurisdiction. (c) Military and/or DAFC police...

  20. Air Force Personnel Research: Recommendations for Improved Alignment (United States)


    policymakers them- selves. Some of our interlocutors suggested that AFHRL was an ivory tower , disconnected from the broader needs of the Air Force... Millennium : A Meta- Analytic Review of 25 Years of organizational Justice Research,” Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 86, No. 3, June 2001, pp. 425–445

  1. Fiscal Year 2012 United States Air Force Agency Financial Report (United States)


    modified with a new guidance system incorporating differential GPS . Fielding is scheduled to begin in United States Air Force 86 FY13. Follow-on...Support (CLS) which contains deport maintenance, but do include Deferred Funding for Depot Purchased Equipment Maintenance (DPEM). Agency

  2. Air Force Personnel Research Issues: A Manager’s Handbook (United States)


    by computing an average physical demand weighted by frequency of performance and percent of the AFS members performing a task. Air Force...Awareness Flight Training Evaluator [ SAFTE ]), and a Predator- like Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Simulation. An additional applied accomplishment...the ratee and rater. Nine performance factors were identified based on several studies involving analyses of OER word pictures, frequency of use

  3. Information Assurance within the United States Air Force (United States)

    Cherry, John D.


    According to the Department of Defense (DoD), a review of information assurance (IA) in the United States Air Force (USAF) in 2009, cyber security is jeopardized because of information loss. This situation has occurred in large part because of less than optimal training practices or adherence to training protocols. The purpose of this study was…

  4. Book Review: Royal Air Force 1939-1945 | Cornwell | Scientia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Title: Royal Air Force 1939-1945. Book Author: Denis Richards & Hilary St George. Volume 1: The Fight at Odds, by Denis Richards, Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1974, pp xii 430. Volume 2: The Fight Avails, by Denis Richards and Hilary St George Saunders. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1975.

  5. A linkage with air pollution and global warming

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    Dec 29, 2009 ... Various forest declines and forest health conditions have been described for forest ecosystems throughout the world. The connection to global warming and air pollution is clear in some area, but not in others. In this study, some evidences that support or contradict air pollution and global warming.

  6. Spectral Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing as Observed by AIRS (United States)

    Blaisdell, John M.; Susskind, Joel; Lee, Jae N.; Iredell, Lena


    AIRS V6 products contain the spectral contributions to Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR), clear-sky OLR (OLR(sub CLR)), and Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing (LWCRF) in 16 bands from 100 cm(exp -1) to 3260 cm(exp -1). We show climatologies of selected spectrally resolved AIRS V6 products over the period of September 2002 through August 2016. Spectrally resolved LWCRF can better describe the response of the Earth system to cloud and cloud feedback processes. The spectral LWCRF enables us to estimate the fraction of each contributing factor to cloud forcing, i.e.: surface temperature, mid to upper tropospheric water vapor, and tropospheric temperature. This presentation also compares the spatial characteristics of LWCRF from AIRS, CERES_EBAF Edition-2.8, and MERRA-2. AIRS and CERES LWCRF products show good agreement. The OLR bias between AIRS and CERES is very close to that of OLR(sub CLR). This implies that both AIRS and CERES OLR products accurately account for the effect of clouds on OLR.

  7. Predator Force Structure Changes at Indian Springs Air Force Auxiliary Field, Nevada Environmental Assessment (United States)


    inventory of Cold War era structures at ISAFAF was conducted in 1994 ( Mariah and Associates 1994); no Cold War era significant structures were identified...1996-0001. June. Mariah and Associates, Inc. 1994. Systematic Study of Air Combat Command Cold War Material Culture. MAI Project 735-15...November. Moulton, Carey L. 1990. Air Force Procedure for Predicting Aircraft Noise Around Airbases: Noise Exposure Model (NOISEMAP) User’s Manual

  8. Forced-air warming discontinued: periprosthetic joint infection rates drop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott D. Augustine


    Full Text Available Several studies have shown that the waste heat from forced-air warming (FAW escapes near the floor and warms the contaminated air resident near the floor. The waste heat then forms into convection currents that rise up and contaminate the sterile field above the surgical table. It has been shown that a single airborne bacterium can cause a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI following joint replacement surgery. We retrospectively compared PJI rates during a period of FAW to a period of air-free conductive fabric electric warming (CFW at three hospitals. Surgical and antibiotic protocols were held constant. The pooled multicenter data showed a decreased PJI rate of 78% following the discontinuation of FAW and a switch to air-free CFW (n=2034; P=0.002. The 78% reduction in joint implant infections observed when FAW was discontinued suggests that there is a link between the waste FAW heat and PJIs.

  9. The Search for a Permanent Home: Explaining the Organizational Instability of Air Force Rescue (United States)


    owned the first USAF dedicated rescue force, which was called the Air Rescue Service (ARS) from 1946 to 1966. In 1966 MATS 3 Recovery, an umbrella...standalone rescue force came into existence. Established in March 1946, this force was called the United States’ Air Rescue Service and fell under Air...154. 20 Koskinas, Black Hats and White Hats, 155. 26 the mission area from the Twenty-third Air Force and reactivating the Air Rescue Service on

  10. Global estimate of aerosol direct radiative forcing from satellite measurements. (United States)

    Bellouin, Nicolas; Boucher, Olivier; Haywood, Jim; Reddy, M Shekar


    Atmospheric aerosols cause scattering and absorption of incoming solar radiation. Additional anthropogenic aerosols released into the atmosphere thus exert a direct radiative forcing on the climate system. The degree of present-day aerosol forcing is estimated from global models that incorporate a representation of the aerosol cycles. Although the models are compared and validated against observations, these estimates remain uncertain. Previous satellite measurements of the direct effect of aerosols contained limited information about aerosol type, and were confined to oceans only. Here we use state-of-the-art satellite-based measurements of aerosols and surface wind speed to estimate the clear-sky direct radiative forcing for 2002, incorporating measurements over land and ocean. We use a Monte Carlo approach to account for uncertainties in aerosol measurements and in the algorithm used. Probability density functions obtained for the direct radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere give a clear-sky, global, annual average of -1.9 W m(-2) with standard deviation, +/- 0.3 W m(-2). These results suggest that present-day direct radiative forcing is stronger than present model estimates, implying future atmospheric warming greater than is presently predicted, as aerosol emissions continue to decline.

  11. Eielson Air Force Base Operable Unit 2 baseline risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lewis, R.E.; Jarvis, T.T.; Jarvis, M.R.; Whelan, G.


    Operable Unit 2 at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, is one of several operable units characterized by petroleum, oil, and lubricant contamination, and by the presence of organic products floating at the water table, as a result of Air Force operations since the 1940s. The base is approximately 19,270 acres in size, and comprises the areas for military operations and a residential neighborhood for military dependents. Within Operable Unit 2, there are seven source areas. These source areas were grouped together primarily because of the contaminants released and hence are not necessarily in geographical proximity. Source area ST10 includes a surface water body (Hardfill Lake) next to a fuel spill area. The primary constituents of concern for human health include benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEX). Monitored data showed these volatile constituents to be present in groundwater wells. The data also showed an elevated level of trace metals in groundwater.

  12. Devils in the Dialogue: The Air Force and Congress (United States)


    people, and its locations makes it difficult to stay on message. The Army realized this over the past few years and is working on strengthening...unit to ―allow for scheduled and unscheduled depot level maintenance, modifications , inspections and repairs, and certain other mitigating...process, and the people. An established relationship allows an inside knowledge of Congress. Problems facing DOD and the Air Force in this vane

  13. Geothermal-resource verification for Air Force bases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grant, P.R. Jr.


    This report summarizes the various types of geothermal energy reviews some legal uncertainties of the resource and then describes a methodology to evaluate geothermal resources for applications to US Air Force bases. Estimates suggest that exploration costs will be $50,000 to $300,000, which, if favorable, would lead to drilling a $500,000 exploration well. Successful identification and development of a geothermal resource could provide all base, fixed system needs with an inexpensive, renewable energy source.

  14. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, (United States)


    sea-rescue unit Galapagos Islands, 4 May 1942; David, in demonstrations of effectiveness of ae- Panama, ia Mar 1943; Talara, Peru , c. 1 rial...Kualoa Point, 1942. Presidental Unit Citation, [1942]. TH, 5 Jun 1942; Mokuleia, TH, 8 Jul Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 6 1942; Plaines des Gaiacs...Tunisia, 2 Jul uador, and Talora, Peru , Dec 1942--9 1943; Ponte Olivo, Sicily, 6 Sep 1943; Mar 1943); La Joya, Panama, c. 4 Mar Brindisi, Italy, 12 Feb

  15. An Excellent Pilot Model for the Korean Air Force. (United States)


    Q3 Controlled Uncontrolled. Lax Factor Q4 Tense. Excitableous Phlegmatic. Composed Source: Fleischman, Haward L. et al.. "The Relationship of Five...Scales Excluded Personality Scales Included 0.359 0.425 0.150 0.270 0.286 0.3S1 Source: Fleischman. Haward L. et al., "The Relationship of...Dorsey Press, Chicago, Illinois. 1983. 2. Correll. John T., Air Force Magazine technology and the Troops, December 1986. 3. North, Robert A. and

  16. The Future of Additive Manufacturing in Air Force Acquisition (United States)


    manufacturing is a disruptive technology that has inspired grandiose sci-fi visions and promises of revolutionizing everything from medicine to food industrial base that lacks broad competition for complex systems, and rapid technological development. The critical narrative of Air Force...faster, cheaper” seems to get louder every year. It is tempting then to seek a game-changing technology to bring about the acquisition revolution to

  17. The Air Force Role in Low-Intensity Conflict (United States)


    December 1981), and aftermath of Guelta Zemmour (January 1982 to present) . Static Defense (November 1975 to June 1979) The Morocco-Polisario conflict...denied them the ability to operate freely in the desert . The air force undertook extremely successful operations at Akka, Guelta Zemmour, Hausa, Messeid...intense level of activity in conflicts around the Guelta Zemmour area . The Polisario attacked Guelta Zemmour in strength and drove out the Moroccan

  18. An Air Force Strategic Vision for 2020-2030 (United States)


    will require that the Air Force continually adapt to improving systems and changing tactics, techniques , and procedures. This will become...DCGS. Serious thought must be given to doctrine, tactics, techniques , and procedures as the DCGS’ role in any future fight is reconsidered. Currently...Justin Rood , “Medical Catastrophe,” Government Executive, 1 November 2005, -01/1105-01s1.htm. For example

  19. Air Force Officer Specialty Structure. Reviewing the Fundamentals (United States)


    helps shape the system of work by providing labels and categories that are used to bundle tasks and duties into skill sets, occupations, posi- tions, and...2006, p. 6). These Air Force specialties (AFSs) are further combined into broader and more general functional categories, labeled career fields...Aerospace Medicine Specialist 48G General Medical Officer ( GMO ) 48R Residency Trained Flight Surgeon 48V Pilot-Physician Professional Law 51J

  20. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: Civic Action (United States)


    stock of 2,000 Tilapia fish fingerlings to the community at no cost to the base or the hamlet residents. The fish, essentially a scavenger, lived and...An Air Force civic action team from the base finally hit upon a solution when they substituted a manual pump, operated by a man on a stationary...not required to do manual labor on projects, but they often voluntarily joined in the work with contributions of money, gifts, and services. They

  1. The Icarus Illusion: Technology, Doctrine and the Soviet Air Force. (United States)


    Kipp, Jacob W., eds. Soviet Aviation and Air Power. Boulder: Westview Press, 1977. Hollowav. David. The Soviet Union and the Arms Race. New Haven: Yale...L. Fighter Combat: Tactics, and Maneuvering. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985. Scott, Harriet Fast and Scott, William F. The Armed Forces of the...USSR. Boulder: Praeger, 1979. Scott, Harriet Fast and Scott, William F., eds. The Soviet Art of War: Doctrine, Strategy and Tactics. Boulder

  2. Canadian Air Force Leadership and Command: Implications for the Human Dimension of Expeditionary Air Force Operations (United States)


    de la DRDC Toronto CR 2006-297 x Force aérienne « des lacunes profondes en matière de leadership ». La mise sur pied du Centre de du commandement au sein de la Force aérienne. Les causes profondes de nombreux problèmes actuels en matière de leadership et de commandement au...unclassified, designated and classified computer networks and associated peripherals at the Wing. Other functions may include web management and minor

  3. Determination of External Forces in Alpine Skiing Using a Differential Global Navigation Satellite System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erich Müller


    Full Text Available In alpine ski racing the relationships between skier kinetics and kinematics and their effect on performance and injury-related aspects are not well understood. There is currently no validated system to determine all external forces simultaneously acting on skiers, particularly under race conditions and throughout entire races. To address the problem, this study proposes and assesses a method for determining skier kinetics with a single lightweight differential global navigation satellite system (dGNSS. The dGNSS kinetic method was compared to a reference system for six skiers and two turns each. The pattern differences obtained between the measurement systems (offset ± SD were −26 ± 152 N for the ground reaction force, 1 ± 96 N for ski friction and −6 ± 6 N for the air drag force. The differences between turn means were small. The error pattern within the dGNSS kinetic method was highly repeatable and precision was therefore good (SD within system: 63 N ground reaction force, 42 N friction force and 7 N air drag force allowing instantaneous relative comparisons and identification of discriminative meaningful changes. The method is therefore highly valid in assessing relative differences between skiers in the same turn, as well as turn means between different turns. The system is suitable to measure large capture volumes under race conditions.

  4. Global air pollution crossroads over the Mediterranean

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lelieveld, J; Berresheim, H; Borrmann, S; Crutzen, P J; Dentener, F J; Fischer, H; Feichter, J; Flatau, P J; Heland, J; Holzinger, R; Korrmann, R; Lawrence, M G; Levin, Z; Markowicz, K M; Mihalopoulos, N; Minikin, A; Ramanathan, V; De Reus, M; Roelofs, G J; Scheeren, H A; Sciare, J; Schlager, H; Schultz, M; Siegmund, P; Steil, B; Stephanou, E G; Stier, P; Traub, M; Warneke, C; Williams, J; Ziereis, H


    The Mediterranean Intensive Oxidant Study, performed in the summer of 2001, uncovered air pollution layers from the surface to an altitude of 15 kilometers. In the boundary layer, air pollution standards are exceeded throughout the region, caused by West and East European pollution from the north.

  5. Factor Structure of the Air Force Officer Qualifying Test: Analysis and Comparison

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carreta, Thomas


    The Air Force Officer Qualifying Test (AFOQT) is used to qualify men and women for commissions in the Air Force, classify them for pilot and navigator jobs, and award Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) scholarships...

  6. Air Force Journal of Logsitics. Volume 31, Number 3, Fall 2007

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    ... with an assessment of the measures to determine the effectiveness of Air Force SCM transformation. The assessment provides several recommendations to improve the current suite of metrics used to manage the Air Force supply chain...

  7. 360-Degree Feedback: Key to Translating Air Force Core Values into Behavioral Change

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hancock, Thomas


    Integrity, service, and excellence. These are only three words, but as core values they serve as ideals that inspire Air Force people to make our institution what it is the best and most respected Air Force in the world...

  8. Refractometry and Extinguishment/Burnback Testing of Pacific Air Forces AFFF

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kalberer, Jennifer L; Barrett, Kimberly D


    At the request of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF), the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) performed refractometry and extinguishment/burnback tests on samples of Ansulite and 3M aqueous film forming foam...

  9. Global work force 2000: the new world labor market. (United States)

    Johnston, W B


    Just as there are global markets for products, technology, and capital, managers must now think of one for labor. Over the next 15 years, human capital, once the most stationary factor in production, will cross national borders with greater and greater ease. Driving the globalization of labor is a growing imbalance between the world's labor supply and demand. While the developed world accounts for most of the world's gross domestic product, its share of the world work force is shrinking. Meanwhile, in the developing countries, the work force is quickly expanding as many young people approach working age and as women join the paid work force in great numbers. The quality of that work force is also rising as developing countries like Brazil and China generate growing proportions of the world's college graduates. Developing nations that combine their young, educated workers with investor-friendly policies could leapfrog into new industries. South Korea, Taiwan, Poland, and Hungary are particularly well positioned for such growth. And industrialized countries that keep barriers to immigration low will be able to tap world labor resources to sustain their economic growth. The United States and some European nations have the best chance of encouraging immigration, while Japan will have trouble overcoming its cultural and language barriers.

  10. U.S. Air Force Environmental Assessment, Steam Decentralization Project, Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma (United States)


    intelligent 20 transportation techniques, and travel reduction programs. 21 Eleven air quality monitoring stations are located within Oklahoma...antillarum Least Tern E E Tyto alba Barn Owl SS2 Vireo atricapillus Black-Capped Vireo E Mammals Marmota monax Woodchuck SS2 Reptiles Phrynosoma...airfield), and 800 unimproved acres. 15 A total of 244 vertebrate species occur on the base, consisting of 26 reptiles , 11 amphibians, 16 24 mammals

  11. High Flight: History of the U.S. Air Force Academy (United States)


    Leadership, United States Air Force Academy, 1988. 493. Beekley, Matthew D., et al. "Incidence, Prevalence, and Risk of Eating Disorder Behaviors in...CO: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Leadership, United States Air Force Academy, 1984. 127-30. " Bulimia Rampant among Air Force Academy... Bulimia among Female Cadets at the United States Air Force Academy." Proceedings, Psychology in the Department of Defense, Eleventh Symposium, 13-15

  12. Analyzing the United States Air Force Organizational Structure - A Case for Reorganization (United States)


    for the Employment of the Air Service, authored by the Air Service, discussed primary 10 Charles A. Ravenstein , The Organization and Lineage of the...Missions: A History, 88. 37 Ravenstein , The Organization and Lineage of the United States Air Force, 7. 11...AFA, History of the United States Air Force, 1907-1957, 85). 39 Trest, Air Force Roles and Missions: A History, 106. 40 Ravenstein , The Organization

  13. The Faith of the Force: The Strategic Implications of Religion in the United States Air Force (United States)


    believed in God believed in a personal God , while the remainder believed in some sort of impersonal force or general deity.22 If one accepts that belief...The Role of Religion in the Air Force ……….……………1 Chapter 1 One Nation Under God ……………….………………….…….….6 Chapter 2 What America Believes...Table 2. Self-Identified Religious Affiliations of the US Populace .....28 Table 3. Beliefs About God .………………………..…………….........…..29 Table 4. Major

  14. United States Air Force Civil Engineering Additive Manufacturing Applications: Tools and Jigs (United States)



  15. Eielson Air Force Base OU-1 baseline risk assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarvis, M.T.; Jarvis, T.T.; Van Houten, N.C.; Lewis, R.E.


    This Baseline Risk Assessment report is the second volume in a set of three volumes for operable Unit 1 (OU-1). The companion documents contain the Remedial Investigation and the Feasibility Study. Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) is one of several groups of hazardous waste sites located at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, Alaska. The operable units at Eielson are typically characterized by petroleum, oil, lubricant/solvent contamination, and by the presence of organics floating at the water table. In 1989 and 1990, firms under contract to the Air Force conducted field studies to gather information about the extent of chemical contamination in soil, groundwater, and soil air pore space (soil gas) at the site. This report documents the results of a baseline risk assessment, which uses the 1989 and 1991 site characterization database to quantify the potential human health risk associated with past Base industrial activities in the vicinity of OU-1. Background data collected in 1992 were also used in the preparation of this report.

  16. Eielson Air Force Base OU-1 baseline risk assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jarvis, M.T.; Jarvis, T.T.; Van Houten, N.C.; Lewis, R.E.


    This Baseline Risk Assessment report is the second volume in a set of three volumes for operable Unit 1 (OU-1). The companion documents contain the Remedial Investigation and the Feasibility Study. Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) is one of several groups of hazardous waste sites located at Eielson Air Force Base (AFB) near Fairbanks, Alaska. The operable units at Eielson are typically characterized by petroleum, oil, lubricant/solvent contamination, and by the presence of organics floating at the water table. In 1989 and 1990, firms under contract to the Air Force conducted field studies to gather information about the extent of chemical contamination in soil, groundwater, and soil air pore space (soil gas) at the site. This report documents the results of a baseline risk assessment, which uses the 1989 and 1991 site characterization database to quantify the potential human health risk associated with past Base industrial activities in the vicinity of OU-1. Background data collected in 1992 were also used in the preparation of this report

  17. The History of the Air Force Nurse Corps from 1984 to 1998 - A Research Paper (United States)


    AU/AWC/156/1999-04 AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE HISTORY OF THE AIR FORCE NURSE COPRS FROM 1984 TO 1998 A RESEARCH PAPER By Kerrie G. Lindberg...Air Force Base, Alabama April 1999 ii Disclaimer The views expressed in this academic research paper are those of the author and do not reflect the

  18. Air Superiority by the Numbers: Cutting Combat Air Forces in a Time of Uncertainty (United States)


    Lessons from Modern Warfare, 67. 16 Department of Defense, Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership, 2. 5 According to Robert Gilpin , enduring the global...fighter fleet is on average 22 years old and limited 17 Robert Gilpin , War and Change in World...February 6, 2014. Richard B. Andres. “Up in the Air.” The American Interest, September 2010. Robert Gilpin . War and Change in World Politics

  19. Combat Search and Rescue Air Force Doctrine Document 2-1.6. (United States)


    ments. By 1946, the Army Air Force had consolidated search and rescue operations and training under the Air Rescue Service (ARS). Credited with...Military Airlift Coinm-y l aiI. mand (MAC). In 1989, Head-~ ........... iiL ------ W~ h 4 ~ ifin ~ f iquarters Air Rescue Service ...... ......... ... . ..... ..... was...Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service ARS Air Rescue Service ASETF Air and Space Expeditionary Task Force AID air tasking order AWACS Airborne Warning and

  20. Talent Retention of the Air Force Officer Corps A Leader’s Role (United States)


    and an Aerial Port duty officer. He is currently a student at the Air War College , Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama. iv Abstract Air...AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY TALENT RETENTION OF THE AIR FORCE OFFICER CORPS A LEADER’S ROLE by Andrew H. Pate, Lieutenant...skills. Take for example child prodigy Wolfgang Mozart who learned to play the piano at age four, began composing music at five, and wrote his

  1. Brazilian Air Force aircraft structural integrity program: An overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto W. S. Mello Junior


    Full Text Available This paper presents an overview of the activities developed by the Structural Integrity Group at the Institute of Aeronautics and Space - IAE, Brazil, as well as the status of ongoing work related to the life extension program for aircraft operated by the Brazilian Air Force BAF. The first BAF-operated airplane to undergo a DTA-based life extension was the F-5 fighter, in the mid 1990s. From 1998 to 2001, BAF worked on a life extension project for the BAF AT- 26 Xavante trainer. All analysis and tests were performed at IAE. The fatigue critical locations (FCLs were presumed based upon structural design and maintenance data and also from exchange of technical information with other users of the airplane around the world. Following that work, BAF started in 2002 the extension of the operational life of the BAF T-25 “Universal”. The T-25 is the basic training airplane used by AFA - The Brazilian Air Force Academy. This airplane was also designed under the “safe-life” concept. As the T-25 fleet approached its service life limit, the Brazilian Air Force was questioning whether it could be kept in flight safely. The answer came through an extensive Damage Tolerance Analysis (DTA program, briefly described in this paper. The current work on aircraft structural integrity is being performed for the BAF F-5 E/F that underwent an avionics and weapons system upgrade. Along with the increase in weight, new configurations and mission profiles were established. Again, a DTA program was proposed to be carried out in order to establish the reliability of the upgraded F-5 fleet. As a result of all the work described, the BAF has not reported any accident due to structural failure on aircraft submitted to Damage Tolerance Analysis.

  2. Challenges and opportunities in Air Forces tactical communications (United States)

    Brick, D. B.; Ellersick, F. W.


    During the 1980s, many improvements will be made in the ability of the U.S. Air Force to communicate in a battlefield environment via programs like JTIDS, SEEK TALK, TRI-TAC, and the Ground Mobile Forces satellite communications terminals. Even after these programs have been implemented, however, some important problem areas, or challenges, will remain, especially in our ability to resist determined electronic-warfare and physical attacks. This paper first describes the challenges that will remain after the implementation of the currently planned programs. Some important technology opportunities are then identified that hold promise for meeting some of the challenges in the 1990s. In addition, some system approaches are suggested for exploiting these technology opportunities, and for improving our use of older technologies. These system approaches emphasize adaptive network techniques, network management/control, packet switching, and joint-service common-user systems.

  3. The Air Force and the Great Engine War, (United States)


    2. Ibid., p. 12. 3. Maj. William C. Morrison, "How d fe is the F-100 Engine?," Aerospace Safety, August 1979, p. 9. Endnotes 159 4. Joel Lang, "The...Armed Services Committee hearings, 12 April 1983, p. 906. 57. Joel Lang, "The Great Engine War," Hartford Courant (Northeast Magazine), 27 March 1983, p...34Roth Praises Air Force for Jet Engine Contracts," Defense Daily, 24 February 1984, p. 307. 67. Richard Witkin , "Decision Big Setback for Pratt" New

  4. The United States Air Force in Korea 1950-1953 (United States)


    Goodale, Mr. Wayne G. Peterson, Mrs. Alice Harvey, MSgt. James D. Kinder, and SSgt. Carl C. Combs prepared the wartime histories of the Twentieth Air Force...every- one forgot that for the United States one in FEAF had realized that the Cold World War I1 had begun at Hickam War might, at any moment, break...Decem- groundward. The other MIG’s got ber. the 4th Wing forgot about its plans away, but Colonel Hinton, commander to save fuel in the combat area. of

  5. Why social network analysis is important to Air Force applications (United States)

    Havig, Paul R.; McIntire, John P.; Geiselman, Eric; Mohd-Zaid, Fairul


    Social network analysis is a powerful tool used to help analysts discover relationships amongst groups of people as well as individuals. It is the mathematics behind such social networks as Facebook and MySpace. These networks alone cause a huge amount of data to be generated and the issue is only compounded once one adds in other electronic media such as e-mails and twitter. In this paper we outline the basics of social network analysis and how it may be used in current and future Air Force applications.

  6. NASA Air Force Cost Model (NAFCOM): Capabilities and Results (United States)

    McAfee, Julie; Culver, George; Naderi, Mahmoud


    NAFCOM is a parametric estimating tool for space hardware. Uses cost estimating relationships (CERs) which correlate historical costs to mission characteristics to predict new project costs. It is based on historical NASA and Air Force space projects. It is intended to be used in the very early phases of a development project. NAFCOM can be used at the subsystem or component levels and estimates development and production costs. NAFCOM is applicable to various types of missions (crewed spacecraft, uncrewed spacecraft, and launch vehicles). There are two versions of the model: a government version that is restricted and a contractor releasable version.

  7. Centralized Command, Distributed Control, and Decentralized Execution - a Command and Control Solution to US Air Force A2/AD Challenges (United States)


    1 Introduction US airpower has a history of innovation to solve the challenges of Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/ began with Air-Sea Battle (ASB), and have developed into the Joint Concept for Access and Maneuver in the Global Commons (JAM- GC).18 19...Joint Concept for Access and Maneuver in the Global Commons: A New Joint Operational Concept”, Joint Force Quarterly 84 (1st Quarter), 135, http

  8. Environmental Assessment - Construct a Ground-to-Air Transmitter and Receiver (GATR) Facility at Grand Forks Air Force Base

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    ...) facility on Grand Forks Air Force Base (AFB), North Dakota. The Communication Squadron is preparing to install new GATR communication antennas and systems, for tactical aircraft control and commercial air traffic control...

  9. Exploring synergies between climate and air quality policies using long-term global and regional emission scenarios




    In this paper, we present ten scenarios developed using the IMAGE2.4 framework (Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment) to explore how different assumptions on future climate and air pollution policies influence emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. These scenarios describe emission developments in 26 world regions for the 21st century, using a matrix of climate and air pollution policies. For climate policy, the study uses a baseline resulting in forcing levels slightl...

  10. Global UAS Proliferation Challenges USAF Air Superiority (United States)


    ground forces have been killed in combat by a foreign airpower since the Korean War.1 The U.S. monopoly on airpower, however, is rapidly coming likely the majority of USAF personnel are familiar with the United States’ unrivaled offensive RPA capability. Additionally, media and pop ... culture provide constant sources of RPA information via news reporting, commercials, movies, and video games. As a result, many U.S. service members have

  11. Earth, Wind, and Fire: Elemental Properties of Army and Air Force Cooperation in Close Air Support, 1945-1991 (United States)


    response to Soviet attacks on United States allies along its periphery. The Air Force would deliver 196 atomic bombs on 20 urban centers in the Soviet...most-dangerous scenario, the Air Force set out on a path discarding the lessons, regenerated from WWII, of close air support in Korea. The Air...domestic and international affairs played out irrespective of the fighting. The focus of this chapter is on the interwar years between the Paris Peace

  12. Caffeine consumption among active duty United States Air Force personnel. (United States)

    Knapik, Joseph J; Austin, Krista G; McGraw, Susan M; Leahy, Guy D; Lieberman, Harris R


    Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) indicated that 89% of Americans regularly consumed caffeinated products, but these data did not include military personnel. This cross-sectional study examined caffeine consumption prevalence, amount of daily consumption, and factors associated with caffeine intake in active duty United States (US) Air Force personnel. Service members (N = 1787) stationed in the US and overseas completed a detailed questionnaire describing their intake of caffeine-containing products in addition to their demographic, lifestyle, and military characteristics. Overall, 84% reported consuming caffeinated products ≥1 time/week with caffeine consumers ingesting a mean ± standard error of 212 ± 9 mg/day (224 ± 11 mg/day for men, 180 ± 12 mg/day for women). The most commonly consumed caffeinated products (% users) were sodas (56%), coffee (45%), teas (36%), and energy drinks (27%). Multivariate logistic regression modeling indicated that characteristics independently associated with caffeine consumption (≥1 time/week) included older age, ethnicity other than black, tobacco use, less aerobic training, and less sleep; energy drink use was associated with male gender, younger age, tobacco use, and less sleep. Compared to NHANES data, the prevalence of caffeine consumption in Air Force personnel was similar but daily consumption (mg/day) was higher. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  13. A Study of the Air Force Physical Fitness and Health Program (United States)


    overall health then fitness can bf, considered a form of preventative medicine as pointed out by Doctors Leavell and Clark . They found that there are...89S-47 - :’ . - ’. y DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio -9 12 20 045...MANPOWER ........ . . 4 . B )ES RRENT PROGRAM MA I NTA IN F] TNESS IE{ O’ ’HOUT THE Y ’AR . .......................... . 4. 19 UNIT COMMANDER’S SUPPORT

  14. A Historical Analysis of Basic Air Force Doctrine Education within the United States States Air Force Air Command and Staff College, 1947-1987. (United States)


    doctrine, especially joint doctrine. Because of this we make mistakes. I believe that the Air Force needs to develop a formal doctrinallo education...jresenteo arguments for all three points of view, but ne was particularly critical of tne educacional system within tae United States military. He said tnat

  15. Air Pollution Impacts on Global Crop Productivity and Nitrogen Depositio (United States)

    Heald, C. L.; Tai, A. P. K.; Val Martin, M.


    The biosphere is undeniably transformed by air pollution. Emissions, climate change, and land use change are all expected to substantially alter future air quality. In this presentation, we discuss near-term projections (2050) of air quality impacts on both crop productivity and nitrogen deposition. First, we contrast the relative impacts of ozone air pollution and a warming climate on global crop yields. To do so, we define statistical crop yield functions to a warming climate based on the historical record. We combine these relationships with ozone-damage estimates and apply these to future air quality and climate projections from a global coupled chemistry-climate model (CESM). We find substantial variability in the response, with certain regions or crops more sensitive to ozone pollution and others more sensitive to warming. This work demonstrates that air quality management is a key element to ensuring global food security. Second, we examine the relative impacts of anthropogenic emissions, climate change, and land use change on global nitrogen deposition. Nitrogen deposition has rapidly increased over the Anthropocene. Excess deposition of nitrogen to ecosystems can lead to eutrophication of waters, and a decrease in biodiversity. We use the CESM to investigate two scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP8.5) and focus our analysis on the impacts on diverse ecoregions in North America, Europe, and Asia.

  16. Retrofitting Forced Air Combi Systems: A Cold Climate Field Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenbauer, Ben [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Bohac, Dave [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); McAlpine, Jack [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Hewett, Martha [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States)


    This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water (DHW) and forced air space heating. Called "combi" systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's installed costs were cheaper than installing a condensing furnace and either a condensing tankless or condensing storage water heater. However, combi costs must mature and be reduced before they are competitive with a condensing furnace and power vented water heater (energy factor of 0.60). Better insulation and tighter envelopes are reducing space heating loads for new and existing homes. For many homes, decreased space heating loads make it possible for both space and domestic water heating loads to be provided with a single heating plant. These systems can also eliminate safety issues associated with natural draft appliances through the use of one common sealed combustion vent. The combined space and water heating approach was not a new idea. Past systems have used non-condensing heating plants, which limited their usefulness in climates with high heating loads. Previous laboratory work (Schoenbauer et al. 2012a) showed that proper installation was necessary to achieve condensing with high efficiency appliances. Careful consideration was paid to proper system sizing and minimizing the water temperature returning from the air handling unit to facilitate condensing operation.

  17. Retrofitting Forced Air Combi Systems: A Cold Climate Field Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schoenbauer, Ben [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States). NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership; Bohac, Dave [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States). NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership; McAlpine, Jake [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States). NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership; Hewett, Martha [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States). NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership


    This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water (DHW) and forced air space heating. Called 'combi' systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's installed costs were cheaper than installing a condensing furnace and either a condensing tankless or condensing storage water heater. However, combi costs must mature and be reduced before they are competitive with a condensing furnace and power vented water heater (energy factor of 0.60). Better insulation and tighter envelopes are reducing space heating loads for new and existing homes. For many homes, decreased space heating loads make it possible for both space and domestic water heating loads to be provided with a single heating plant. These systems can also eliminate safety issues associated with natural draft appliances through the use of one common sealed combustion vent. The combined space and water heating approach was not a new idea. Past systems have used non-condensing heating plants, which limited their usefulness in climates with high heating loads. Previous laboratory work (Schoenbauer et al. 2012a) showed that proper installation was necessary to achieve condensing with high efficiency appliances. Careful consideration was paid to proper system sizing and minimizing the water temperature returning from the air handling unit to facilitate condensing operation.

  18. PLA Aerospace Power: A Primer on Trends in China’s Military Air, Space, and Missile Forces (United States)


    Established as a separate service within the PLA in 1949, the PLA Air Force (PLAAF) has struggled for most of its history to carve out a role and mission...HALE) capability similar to the U.S. RQ-4B Global Hawk. To date, the PLAAF has yet to develop such a capability, however. It does field the high...forced to rely on line of sight, which would severely constrain its ability to maintain global remote sensing coverage.167 Navigation and Positioning

  19. Net radiative forcing and air quality responses to regional CO emission reductions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. M. Fry


    Full Text Available Carbon monoxide (CO emissions influence global and regional air quality and global climate change by affecting atmospheric oxidants and secondary species. We simulate the influence of halving anthropogenic CO emissions globally and individually from 10 regions on surface and tropospheric ozone, methane, and aerosol concentrations using a global chemical transport model (MOZART-4 for the year 2005. Net radiative forcing (RF is then estimated using the GFDL (Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory standalone radiative transfer model. We estimate that halving global CO emissions decreases global annual average concentrations of surface ozone by 0.45 ppbv, tropospheric methane by 73 ppbv, and global annual net RF by 36.1 mW m−2, nearly equal to the sum of changes from the 10 regional reductions. Global annual net RF per unit change in emissions and the 100 yr global warming potential (GWP100 are estimated as −0.124 mW m−2 (Tg CO−1 and 1.34, respectively, for the global CO reduction, and ranging from −0.115 to −0.131 mW m−2 (Tg CO−1 and 1.26 to 1.44 across 10 regions, with the greatest sensitivities for regions in the tropics. The net RF distributions show widespread cooling corresponding to the O3 and CH4 decreases, and localized positive and negative net RFs due to changes in aerosols. The strongest annual net RF impacts occur within the tropics (28° S–28° N followed by the northern midlatitudes (28° N–60° N, independent of reduction region, while the greatest changes in surface CO and ozone concentrations occur within the reduction region. Some regional reductions strongly influence the air quality in other regions, such as East Asia, which has an impact on US surface ozone that is 93% of that from North America. Changes in the transport of CO and downwind ozone production clearly exceed the direct export of ozone from each reduction region. The small variation in CO GWPs among world regions suggests that future international

  20. Army and Air Force Unmanned Air Reconnaissance: Warrior and Hydra Navigating a Maze of Strategic Hedges (United States)


    asset growth , the Army outpaced the Air Force in UAS hours at the height of the insurgency from 2005 through 2007.13F14 For the MQ-1C variant...Thus, while an optimal solution serves as this analysts’ unicorn , ultimately the crucible of war and deterrence will pass judgment on the efficacy of...head and subsequently cauterized each neck stump to prevent re- growth . The RSO system evinces the same hydratic ability to “re-grow” and

  1. Help From Above: Air Force Close Air Support of the Army. 1946-1973 (United States)


    2d ed. London: Putnam , 1970. Greenfield, Kent Robert. American Strategy in World War II: A Reconsideration. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1963... Putnam , 1969. ———. British Aviation, The Ominous Skies, 1935–1939. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1980. Pershing, John J. My Experiences in the...Operations. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Army History, 1954. Richards, Denis, and Hilary St.George Saunders. The Royal Air Force, 1939–45

  2. Overview of NASA's Observations for Global Air Quality (United States)

    Kaye, J. A.


    Observations of pollutants are central to the study of air quality. Much focus has been placed on local-scale observations that can help specific geographic areas document their air quality issues, plan abatement strategies, and understand potential impacts. In addition, long-range atmospheric transport of pollutants can cause downwind regions to not meet attainment standards. Satellite observations have shed significant light on air quality from local to regional to global scales, especially for pollutants such as ozone, aerosols, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. These observations have made use of multiple techniques and in some cases multiple satellite sensors. The satellite observations are complemented by surface observations, as well as atmospheric (in situ) observations typically made as part of focused airborne field campaigns. The synergy between satellite observations and field campaigns has been an important theme for recent and upcoming activities and plans. In this talk, a review of NASA's investments in observations relevant to global air quality will be presented, with examples given for a range of pollutants and measurement approaches covering the last twenty-five years. These investments have helped build national and international collaborations such that the global satellite community is now preparing to deploy a constellation of satellites that together will provide fundamental advances in global observations for air quality.

  3. 78 FR 43184 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ..., Director, Operational Planning, Policy and Strategy, Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, Plans and... Staff, and Major General James McLaughlin, Commander, 24th Air Force and Commander, Air Forces Cyber...; (e) maintains a peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular...

  4. Towards a Framework for Understanding Innovation Implementation in the Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Byrd, Howard


    .... The success of the implementing such transformational innovations such as digital technical orders is critical to the Air Force's ability to support the overall DoD force transformation efforts. Despite the critical need for successful innovation implementation few studies are found exploring factors that facilitate innovation within DoD, or the Air Force.

  5. 76 FR 75453 - Restricted Areas and Danger Zones at Eglin Air Force Base, FL (United States)


    ... and Danger Zones at Eglin Air Force Base, FL AGENCY: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Department of... within the Eglin Air Force Base (AFB) facilities and along the Eglin AFB facility shoreline in Florida... have the permission of the Commander, 96 Air Base Wing, Eglin AFB or his/her authorized representative...

  6. Air Pollution Radiative Forcing From Specific Emissions Sectors at 2030: Prototype for a New IPCC Bar Chart (United States)

    Unger, N.; Shindell, D. T.; Koch, D. M.


    Reduction of short-lived air pollutants provides a way to mitigate global warming in the short-term with ancillary benefits to human health. However, the radiative forcings of short-lived air pollutants depend on the location and source type of the precursor emissions. We apply the GISS atmospheric composition-climate model to quantify near future (2030 A1B) ozone (O3) and sulfate global mean direct radiative forcing impacts from 6 emissions sectors from 7 geographic regions. At 2030 the net forcings for the emissions sectors (including O3, sulfate, black and organic carbon forcings) are (in mW/m2): transportation = +106; biomass burning = +69; domestic = +38; power = -158; industry = -124. Hence the transportation sector is the most attractive target to counter global warming via reduction of short-lived air pollutants. Substantial transportation sector O3 forcings come from all regions (5-12 mW/m2). Central and Southern Africa and South America contribute the largest biomass burning O3 forcings (11-15 mW/m2). Domestic biofuel emissions from East Asia, South Asia and Central and South Africa and power and industry emissions from East Asia also contribute substantial O3 forcings (7-15mW/m2). The global mean sulfate forcings are dominated by the power and industry sectors with largest contributions from East Asia, South Asia and North Africa and Middle East (-30 to -50 mW/m2). Linear relationships exist between global mean radiative forcing by O3 and biomass burning and domestic biofuel CO precursor emissions independent of the region of origin with sensitivity of 0.02mW/m2/TgCO. Similarly, linear relationships are available for global mean radiative forcing by sulfate and SO2 precursor emissions that depend upon region but are independent of the emissions sector with sensitivities ranging from -3 to -12mW/m2/TgS. Such emissions to forcing diagnostics will assist development of climate-motivated policy for O3 and sulfate.

  7. Final Nellis Air Force Base Capital Improvements Program Environmental Assessment (United States)


    as “degraded” primarily due to problems with hydraulic overloading in several areas of the system and with 10 small pumping stations (Air Force 2011b...increases in truck (e.g., dump trucks , fill transports) traffic within and near the construction corridor would produce localized noise for brief periods...mile lb lb lb lb lb lb lb Dump   Truck  (12 CY Capacity) 9 230 27 1.66E‐03 8.58E‐03 3.92E‐02 1.82E‐05 1.69E‐03 1.64E‐03 3 0.41 2.14 9.81 0.00 0.42 0.41

  8. Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) Air Force facility (United States)

    Beck, David F.

    The Space Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (SNTP) Program is an initiative within the US Air Force to acquire and validate advanced technologies that could be used to sustain superior capabilities in the area or space nuclear propulsion. The SNTP Program has a specific objective of demonstrating the feasibility of the particle bed reactor (PBR) concept. The term PIPET refers to a project within the SNTP Program responsible for the design, development, construction, and operation of a test reactor facility, including all support systems, that is intended to resolve program technology issues and test goals. A nuclear test facility has been designed that meets SNTP Facility requirements. The design approach taken to meet SNTP requirements has resulted in a nuclear test facility that should encompass a wide range of nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP) test requirements that may be generated within other programs. The SNTP PIPET project is actively working with DOE and NASA to assess this possibility.

  9. A flight investigation of oscillating air forces: Equipment and technique (United States)

    Reed, W. H., III


    The equipment and techniques are described which are to be used in a project aimed at measuring oscillating air forces and dynamic aeroelastic response of a swept wing airplane at high subsonic speeds. Electro-hydraulic inertia type shakers installed in the wing tips will excite various elastic airplane modes while the related oscillating chordwise pressures at two spanwise wing stations and the wing mode shapes are recorded on magnetic tape. The data reduction technique, following the principle of a wattmeter harmonic analyzer employed by Bratt, Wight, and Tilly, utilizes magnetic tape and high speed electronic multipliers to record directly the real and imaginary components of oscillatory data signals relative to a simple harmonic reference signal. Through an extension of this technique an automatic flight-flutter-test data analyzer is suggested in which vector plots of mechanical admittance or impedance would be plotted during the flight test.

  10. Cancer in US Air Force veterans of the Vietnam War. (United States)

    Akhtar, Fatema Z; Garabrant, David H; Ketchum, Norma S; Michalek, Joel E


    Cancer incidence and mortality were summarized in Air Force veterans of the Vietnam War. The index subjects were Operation Ranch Hand veterans who sprayed 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin)-contaminated herbicides in Vietnam. Comparisons served in Southeast Asia during the same period but did not spray herbicides. We assessed cancer incidence and mortality using national rates and contrasted cancer risk in each of three Ranch Hand dioxin exposure categories relative to comparisons. The incidence of melanoma and prostate cancer was increased among white Ranch Hand veterans relative to national rates. Among veterans who spent at most 2 years in Southeast Asia, the risk of cancer at any site, of prostate cancer and of melanoma was increased in the highest dioxin exposure category. These results appear consistent with an association between cancer and dioxin exposure.

  11. Simplified model for a ventilated glass window under forced air flow conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ismail, K.A.R. [Depto. de Engenharia Termica e de Fluidos-FEM-UNICAMP CP: 6122 CEP 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Henriquez, J.R. [Depto. de Eng. Mecanica-DEMEC, UFPE Av. Academico Helio Ramos, S/N CEP 50740-530, Recife, PE (Brazil)


    This paper presents a study on a ventilated window composed of two glass sheets separated by a spacing through which air is forced to flow. The proposed model is one dimensional and unsteady based upon global energy balance over the glass sheets and the flowing fluid. The external glass sheet of the cavity is subjected to variable heat flow due to the solar radiation as well as variable external ambient temperature. The exchange of radiation energy (infrared radiation) between the glass sheets is also included in the formulation. Effects of the spacing between the glass sheets, variation of the forced mass flow rate on the total heat gain and the shading coefficients are investigated. The results show that the effect of the increase of the mass flow rate is found to reduce the mean solar heat gain and the shading coefficients while the increase of the fluid entry temperature is found to deteriorate the window thermal performance. (author)

  12. Simplified model for a ventilated glass window under forced air flow conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ismail, K.A.R.; Henriquez, J.R.


    This paper presents a study on a ventilated window composed of two glass sheets separated by a spacing through which air is forced to flow. The proposed model is one dimensional and unsteady based upon global energy balance over the glass sheets and the flowing fluid. The external glass sheet of the cavity is subjected to variable heat flow due to the solar radiation as well as variable external ambient temperature. The exchange of radiation energy (infrared radiation) between the glass sheets is also included in the formulation. Effects of the spacing between the glass sheets, variation of the forced mass flow rate on the total heat gain and the shading coefficients are investigated. The results show that the effect of the increase of the mass flow rate is found to reduce the mean solar heat gain and the shading coefficients while the increase of the fluid entry temperature is found to deteriorate the window thermal performance

  13. The solar forcing on the 7Be-air concentration variability at ground level

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Talpos, Simona


    This paper analyses the correlation between the temporal and spatial variability of 7 Be-air concentration at ground level and the amount of precipitation. There were used the measured data from 26 stations distributed on North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica. The variability study was made using EOF and principal components analysis. The presented results show that the variability of 7 Be air concentration at ground level is simultaneously influenced by the solar cycle and some atmospheric processes like precipitation, turbulent transport, advection, etc. The solar forcing on the 7 Be variability at ground level was outlined for time-scales longer than 1 year and can be considered a global phenomenon. The atmospheric processes influence the 7 Be variability for scale shorter than one year and can be considered a local phenomenon. (author)

  14. Golden Legacy, Boundless Future: Essays on the United States Air Force and the Rise of Aerospace Power (United States)


    Charles A. Ravenstein , The Organization and Lineage of the United States Air Force (D.C.: Office of Air Force History, 1986), 17. 13. James L... Ravenstein , Air Force Combat Wings: Lineage and Honors, 1947-1977 (Washington, D.C: Office of Air Force History, 1984), pp. 47-48, 88-89. 14. Monograph, "H 0

  15. Linking Urban Air Pollution to Global Tropospheric Chemistry and Climate (United States)

    Wang, Chien


    The two major tasks of this project are to study: (a) the impact of urban nonlinear chemistry on chemical budgets of key pollutants in non-urban areas; and (b) the influence of air pollution control strategies in selected metropolitan areas, particularly of emerging economies in East and South Asia, on tropospheric chemistry and hence on regional and global climate.

  16. Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Global Land Surface Air Temperature Analysis (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A station observation-based global land monthly mean surface air temperature dataset at 0.5 0.5 latitude-longitude resolution for the period from 1948 to the present...

  17. Climate Prediction Center (CPC) Global Land Surface Air Temperature Analysis (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A station observation-based global land monthly mean surface air temperature dataset at 0.5 x 0.5 latitude-longitude resolution for the period from 1948 to the...

  18. Quality Time: Temporal Constraints to Continual Process Development in the Air Force (United States)


    QUALITY TIME: TEMPORAL CONSTRAINTS TO CONTINUAL PROCESS DEVELOPMENT IN THE AIR FORCE BY MAJOR PAUL A. La TOUR A THESIS PRESENTED TO...a deductive system-dynamics methodology to analyze the application of quality management policies to an Air Force system. The work provides an...alternate explanation to the existing body of literature on the failure of Total Quality Management (TQM) and Quality Air Force (QAF) programs. The

  19. Implementation of Organizational Change in the Air Force: a Case Study (United States)



  20. Financial Audit: Financial Reporting and Internal Controls at the Air Force Systems Command (United States)


    United States General Accounting Office GAO Report 1,o, the Commander, Air Force -A0 Systems Command Janar 191FINANCI-AL AUDTFI Financial Reporting ...20332 Dear General Yates: This report presents the results of our review of the Air Force Systems Command’s financial management operations. It addresses...internal control and financial reporting improvements needed within the Air Force Systems Command. The report resulted from our examination of the

  1. Retrospectively Estimating Prevalence of Peanut Allergy Genetic Markers in an Air Force Population (United States)


    AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2018-0002 Retrospectively Estimating Prevalence of Peanut Allergy Genetic Markers in an Air Force Population Air Force Population 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Katherine Kohnen, Summer Hughes... population of children were over- or under-represented in a U.S. Air Force population . Our results showed that for a single polymorphism, there was a

  2. 78 FR 59343 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air Forces and...'s staff will assign time to oral commenters at the meeting, for no more than 5 minutes each. While...

  3. 78 FR 53133 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air Forces and... their oral statement in writing and submit with their registration. The Commission's staff will assign...

  4. 78 FR 36751 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... components of the Air Force could be recruited; (e) maintains a peacetime rotation force to support... their registration. The Commission's staff will assign time to oral commenters at the meeting, for no...

  5. 78 FR 61342 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air Forces and... in writing and submit with their registration. The Commission's staff will assign time to oral...

  6. 78 FR 46928 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... Air Force could be recruited; (e) maintains a peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo... registration. The Commission's staff will assign time to oral commenters at the meeting, for no more than 5...

  7. 78 FR 33394 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air Forces and... statement in writing and submit with their registration. The Commission's staff will assign time to oral...

  8. DEFENSE INVENTORY: Improved Management Framework Needed to Guide Air Force Best Practice Initiatives

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    In this report, we discuss our evaluation of the Air Force's best practices implementation schedule for the acquisition and distribution of secondary inventory items, which the Secretary of the Air...

  9. Sierra Hotel: Flying Air Force Fighters in the Decade After Vietnam

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Anderegg, C. R


    ....), visited the commander of the U.S. Air Forces in Europe. Colonel Anderegg had known Gen. John Jumper since they had served together as jet forward air controllers in Southeast Asia nearly thirty years earlier...

  10. Competency-Based Assignment & Promotion to Meet Air Force Senior Leader Requirements

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Steele, Jr., Robert G; Fletcher, Kelly E; Nadoiski, William F; Buckman, Emily A; Oliver, Jr., Stephen W


    .... The third component, competencies, are occupational skill sets and enduring leadership competencies Air Force leaders develop as they progress along the tactical, operational and strategic levels...

  11. Capturing the Policy that Air Force Raters Use When Writing Performance Appraisals on Junior Officers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stephens, Owen


    This study examined the relationship between four dimensions of performance leadership, task performance, interpersonal facilitation, and job dedication and overall performance by junior officers in the Air Force...

  12. 77 FR 3750 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting (United States)


    ... on Diversity Recruiting); Center for Character and Leadership Development Military Construction...; the Superintendent and Command Chief Update; Diversity in the Athletic Department; the Air Force...

  13. The Predictive Factors of the Promotion of Physical Activity by Air Force Squadron Commanders

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Whelan, Dana


    This research examined the relationship between beliefs about physical activity, physical activity levels, age and the promotional practices for physical activity employed by Air Force squadron commanders...

  14. A Model for Determining Modular Heat Recovery Incinerator Feasibility on Air Force Installations. (United States)


    recognize that there are limits in the level of control that an Air Force installation can yield to the public (73:86). e Polluion •Issues. It is...AD-A261 336 11 lHINN 1 AFIT/GEE/ENV/92S-2 DTIC ELECTE MAR2 1993 C A MODEL FOR DETERMINING MODULAR HEAT RECOVERY INCINERATOR FEASIBILITY ON AIR FORCE...INCINERATOR FEASIBILITY ON AIR FORCE INSTALLATIONS THESIS Presented to the Faculty of the School of Engineering of the Air Force Institute of Technology

  15. Predictability, Work-Family Conflict, and Intent to Stay: An Air Force Case Study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Obruba, Patrick


    A survey was completed by 362 active duty Air Force members in December 2000 regarding their perceptions of schedule predictability, work-family conflict, job satisfaction, organizational commitment...

  16. Air Force Journal of Logistics. Volume 29, Number 1, Spring 2005

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    .... Using the commercial best practice of commodity councils, Air Force contracting has the opportunity to transition to a construct of strategic leverage quickly while minimizing the negative impact...

  17. Changing the balance of power – Worldwide air force`s capability turbulences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel NEČAS


    Full Text Available In past Century, the air power had undergone a significant journey. In its humble beginnings during WWI an airplane proved itself a perspective and highly capable new weapon. WWII demonstrated the importance of air superiority for waging a global warfare. The Cold War mastered technologies enabling air power to be not only a weapon a mass destruction but also a surgical tool. On one hand, an aircraft has become a state of art technology, yet on the other hand a cost for its development, procurement, and servicing grew into an astronomic levels. Therefore, since mid 1970s there have been trends to shift airpower from quantity into quality, which has gained a new moment with the end of the Cold War. Starting with the first Gulf War, in past two decades demonstrated a growing importance of a multirole fighter aircraft that is able to carry out a full specter of missions for minimal costs. When analyzing five most potent airpowers of the 21st century, we can witness that this is the trend is on and it will surely continue in future.

  18. Air Force Operational Medicine: Using the Estimating Supplies Program to Develop Materiel Solutions for the Operational Clinical Requirements for the U.S. Air Force Otolaryngology Team (FFENT)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hopkins, Curt; Nix, Ralph; Konoske, Paula; Pang, Gerry; Hill, Martin; Negus, Tracy; Onofrio, Kathleen


    ...) conduct a proof of concept study to assess the validity and feasibility of using NHRC's medical modeling tool for the development and management of Air force medical Allowance Standards as a baseline...

  19. Ground-water contamination at Wurtsmith Air Force Base, Michigan (United States)

    Stark, J.R.; Cummings, T.R.; Twenter, F.R.


    A sand and gravel aquifer of glacial origin underlies Wurtsmith Air Force Base in northeastern lower Michigan. The aquifer overlies a thick clay layer at an average depth of 65 feet. The water table is about 10 feet below land surface in the western part of the Base and about 25 feet below land surface in the eastern part. A ground-water divide cuts diagonally across the Base from northwest to southeast. South of the divide, ground water flows to the Au Sable River; north of the divide, it flows to Van Etten Creek and Van Etten Lake. Mathematical models were used to aid in calculating rates of groundwater flow. Rates range from about 0.8 feet per day in the eastern part of the Base to about 0.3 feet per day in the western part. Models also were used as an aid in making decisions regarding purging of contaminated water from the aquifer. In 1977, trichloroethylene was detected in the Air Force Base water-supply system. It had leaked from a buried storage tank near Building 43 in the southeastern part of the Base and moved northeastward under the influence of the natural ground-water gradient and the pumping of Base water-supply wells. In the most highly contaminated part of the plume, concentrations are greater than 1,000 micrograms per liter. Current purge pumping is removing some of the trichloroethylene, and seems to have arrested its eastward movement. Pumping of additional purge wells could increase the rate of removal. Trichloroethylene has also been detected in ground water in the vicinity of the Base alert apron, where a plume from an unknown source extends northeastward off Base. A smaller, less well-defined area of contamination also occurs just north of the larger plume. Trichloroethylene, identified near the waste-treatment plant, seepage lagoons, and the northern landfill area, is related to activities and operations in these areas. Dichloroethylene and trichloroethylene occur in significant quantities westward of Building 43, upgradient from the major

  20. Global Land Use Regression Model for Nitrogen Dioxide Air Pollution. (United States)

    Larkin, Andrew; Geddes, Jeffrey A; Martin, Randall V; Xiao, Qingyang; Liu, Yang; Marshall, Julian D; Brauer, Michael; Hystad, Perry


    Nitrogen dioxide is a common air pollutant with growing evidence of health impacts independent of other common pollutants such as ozone and particulate matter. However, the worldwide distribution of NO 2 exposure and associated impacts on health is still largely uncertain. To advance global exposure estimates we created a global nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) land use regression model for 2011 using annual measurements from 5,220 air monitors in 58 countries. The model captured 54% of global NO 2 variation, with a mean absolute error of 3.7 ppb. Regional performance varied from R 2 = 0.42 (Africa) to 0.67 (South America). Repeated 10% cross-validation using bootstrap sampling (n = 10,000) demonstrated a robust performance with respect to air monitor sampling in North America, Europe, and Asia (adjusted R 2 within 2%) but not for Africa and Oceania (adjusted R 2 within 11%) where NO 2 monitoring data are sparse. The final model included 10 variables that captured both between and within-city spatial gradients in NO 2 concentrations. Variable contributions differed between continental regions, but major roads within 100 m and satellite-derived NO 2 were consistently the strongest predictors. The resulting model can be used for global risk assessments and health studies, particularly in countries without existing NO 2 monitoring data or models.

  1. Statistical analysis of global surface air temperature and sea level using cointegration methods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmith, Torben; Johansen, Søren; Thejll, Peter

    Global sea levels are rising which is widely understood as a consequence of thermal expansion and melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps. Due to physically-based models being unable to simulate observed sea level trends, semi-empirical models have been applied as an alternative for projecting...... radiative forcing as an explanatory variable, but unexpectedly find that the sea level does not depend on the forcing. We hypothesize that this is due to a long adjustment time scale of the ocean and show that the number of years of data needed to build statistical models that have the relationship expected...... of future sea levels. There is in this, however, potential pitfalls due to the trending nature of the time series. We apply a statistical method called cointegration analysis to observed global sea level and surface air temperature, capable of handling such peculiarities. We find a relationship between sea...

  2. Consequences of Inconsistency in Air Force Tobacco Control Policy. (United States)

    Lando-King, Elizabeth A; Malone, Ruth E; Haddock, Christopher K; Poston, Walker S Carlos; Lando, Harry A; Jahnke, Sara A; Hawk, Nita; Smith, Elizabeth A


    Although the United States Air Force (USAF) has been a leader in efforts to reduce tobacco use among service members, tobacco continues to be a problem and initiatives to decrease tobacco use further require buy-in from leadership. We explored line leaderships' perspectives on tobacco. A diverse group of 10 senior commissioned and 10 non-commissioned personnel were interviewed. Respondents reported substantial changes in the culture of tobacco use during their years of service, from near ubiquity to restricted use areas. They also perceived mixed messages coming from the USAF, including simultaneous discouragement of and accommodations for tobacco use, and variability in policies and enforcement. Many respondents indicated that allowing tobacco use creates conflict and undermines military discipline and suggested that a tobacco-free policy would be the best way to eliminate these contradictions. Although there has been substantial movement away from a culture of tobacco in the USAF, current policies and variable enforcement of these policies create unnecessary contradictions. Establishing a tobacco-free service would resolve these issues in addition to improving the health of service members and veterans.

  3. Sitewide feasibility study Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Last, G.V.; Lanigan, D.C.; Josephson, G.B.; Bagaasen, L.M.


    The Sitewide Feasibility Study (FS) is required under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA), the National Contingency Plan (NCP), and the Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) for Eielson Air Force Base (AFB). It is based on findings presented in the Sitewide Remedial Investigation (RI) Report (USAF 1995a), and the Sitewide Baseline Risk Assessment (BLRA) Report (USAF 1995b). Under the FFA, 64 potential source areas were placed in one of six operable units, based on similar contaminant and environmental characteristics, or were included for evaluation under a Source Evaluation Report (SER). The sitewide RI was directed at contamination that was not confined to an operable unit (OU) or SER source area. The objectives of the sitewide RI were to: Provide information about site characteristics to support individual OU RI/FS efforts and the sitewide RI/FS, including site hydrogeology and determination of background soil and groundwater characteristics; identify and characterize contamination that is not confined or attributable to a specific source area through sitewide monitoring of groundwater and surface water; evaluate cumulative risks to human health and the environment from contamination on a sitewide basis; and provide a mechanism for continued cohesive sitewide monitoring.



    from 1 July 2009; moreover, in the following years Spain and Luxembourg joined the venture and from January 2016 also Italy is part of the EATC. The...Mazzini is assigned to the Air War College, Air University, Maxwell AFB, AL. He joined the Italian Air Force Academy in 1994. He earned his pilot wings...essay identifies Italy’s decision to join the European Air Transport Command as a pivotal opportunity. The research argues that the European Air

  5. The Lavelle Affair: An Air Force Case Study in Ethics (United States)


    narrative . However, the Lavelle case would prove resilient to the sands of time , persisting within Air University studies. The author’s...ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES FOR COMPLETION OF GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIR AND SPACE STUDIES AIR UNIVERSITY thank the staff and faculty at the School of Advanced Air and Space Studies and my classmates of class XXV. This has been a rewarding year, both

  6. Environmental Assessment for Aerial Application of Pesticide for Gypsy Moth Control, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland (United States)


    limited quantities by a cooperative effort of the USDA Forest Service and the Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The active...AFB, 2007 18 SECTION 12 - ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AFB Air Force Base AFI Air Force Instruction APHIS Animal Plant Health Inspection Service AWS

  7. Catalog of Audiovisual Productions. Volume 3. Air Force and Miscellaneous DoD Productions (United States)



  8. Annotated Bibliography of the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory Technical Reports--1976. (United States)

    Barlow, Esther M., Comp.

    This annotated bibliography presents a listing of technical reports (1976) dealing with personnel and training research conducted by the Air Force Human Resources Laboratory, an institution charged with the planning and execution of United States Air Force exploratory and advanced development programs for selection, motivation, training,…

  9. The South African Air Force, 1920–2012: A Review of its History and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although a South African Aviation Corps existed for a few months in 1915, and although several South Africans saw action in World War I as members of Britain's Royal Flying Corps, the history of the South African Air Force (SAAF) – the world's second oldest air force – strictly speaking only dates back to 1 February 1920.

  10. Environmental Assessment for Proposed Utility Corridors at Edwards Air Force Base, California (United States)


    Air Force Base, California Figure 3-6 Los Angeles County Significant Ecological Areas 76 Environmental Assessment for Proposed Utility... Ecological Areas designated by Los Angeles County (refer to Section 3.7.2);  Potential wildlife movement corridors; and 81 Environmental Assessment...412th Test Wing Civil Engineer Group Environmental Management Division Edwards Air Force Base, California ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR PROPOSED

  11. U.S. Air Force Banked Pilots. Is the Interest Worth the Deposits? (United States)


    time passing out towels, checking identification cards and supervising workouts at the base weightlifting facility. 3• Similarly, an April 27, 1992...Aerospace World. "Pilot Shortage" Air Force Magazine Sept.31 1992. 20. Lynch, David J. "Angst at Olympic Arena" Air Force Magazine-I AUg. 1992. 22 21

  12. 2017 INFORMS PRIZE. The Nomination of The United States Air Force (United States)


    controls all the Air Force fighter and intelligence aircraft and systems. The analysts assigned to Headquarters ACC/A9 provide analyses and lessons...Architecture Engineering, Multidisciplinary Engineering, Manufacturing Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Economics Business Computer Science...In the past decade, Air Force remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs) have provided 24-hour intelligence -gathering and rapid-response strike capability

  13. Between Institutions and Global Forces: Norwegian Wage Formation Since Industrialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ragnar Nymoen


    Full Text Available This paper reviews the development of labour market institutions in Norway, shows how labour market regulation has been related to the macroeconomic development, and presents dynamic econometric models of nominal and real wages. Single equation and multi-equation models are reported. The econometric modelling uses a new data set with historical time series of wages and prices, unemployment and labour productivity. Impulse indicator saturation is used to achieve robust estimation of focus parameters, and the breaks are interpreted in the light of the historical overview. A relatively high degree of constancy of the key parameters of the wage setting equation is documented, over a considerably longer historical time period than earlier studies have done. The evidence is consistent with the view that the evolving system of collective labour market regulation over long periods has delivered a certain necessary level of coordination of wage and price setting. Nevertheless, there is also evidence that global forces have been at work for a long time, in a way that links real wages to productivity trends in the same way as in countries with very different institutions and macroeconomic development.

  14. A Delphi Study Using Value-Focused Thinking for United States Air Force Mission Dependency Index Values (United States)


    Infrastructure Prioritization Balanced Scorecard .................................................... 6 Figure 5. USAF CATCODE Distribution vs. MDI Values ...A DELPHI STUDY USING VALUE -FOCUSED THINKING FOR UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MISSION DEPENDENCY INDEX... VALUES THESIS Matthew J. Nichols, Captain, USAF AFIT-ENV-MS-15-M-192 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF

  15. Radiofrequency radiation: safe working practices in the Royal Australian Air Force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Joyner, K.H.; Stone, K.R.


    The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) has long recognised the value of its work force and the need to preserve their health and wellbeing to achieve operational objectives. The Directorate of Air Force Safety (DAFS) is required by the Chief of the Air Staff to take all measures possible to prevent accidents and incidents in the RAAF, under the provisions of the Defence Instruction, 'Air Force Safety and Occupational Health Policy'. Consequently, the RAAF has exercised a pragmatic approach to radiofrequency radiation (RFR) and has always adopted and implemented strict exposure standards. DAFS receives technical advice on RFR from the Directorate of Telecommunications Engineering (DTELENG) and on occupational health from the Directorate General of Air Force Health Services (DGAFHS)

  16. CFD model of air movement in ventilated facade: comparison between natural and forced air flow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mora Perez, Miguel; Lopez Patino, Gonzalo; Lopez Jimenez, P. Amparo [Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering Department, Universitat Politècnica de Valencia (Spain)


    This study describes computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of ventilated facade. Ventilated facades are normal facade but it has an extra channel between the concrete wall and the (double skin) facade. Several studies found in the literature are carried out with CFD simulations about the behavior of the thermodynamic phenomena of the double skin facades systems. These studies conclude that the presence of the air gap in the ventilated facade affects the temperature in the building skin, causing a cooling effect, at least in low-rise buildings. One of the most important factors affecting the thermal effects of ventilated facades is the wind velocity. In this contribution, a CFD analysis applied on two different velocity assumptions for air movement in the air gap of a ventilated facade is presented. A comparison is proposed considering natural wind induced velocity with forced fan induced velocity in the gap. Finally, comparing temperatures in the building skin, the differences between both solutions are described determining that, related to the considered boundary conditions, there is a maximum height in which the thermal effect of the induced flow is significantly observed.

  17. How motor vehicles contribute to global warming and air pollution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)



    In this chapter, the authors describe ways in which motor vehicles are contributing to global climate change and health problems caused by air pollution. Globally, motor vehicles account for about a third of world oil consumption and about 14% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel burning. For the US the figures are 50% of oil demand and about 25% of carbon dioxide emissions. Motor vehicles are the major source of ozone precursors and monitoring data suggest that ozone concentrations are increasing by about one percent per year in the northern hemisphere and are causing adverse effects on human health and on crops. A major source of chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere is motor vehicle air conditioning. Annually about 120,000 metric tons of CFCs are used in new vehicles and in serving air conditioners in older vehicles. According to the EPA, vehicle air conditioners accounted for about 16% of the total CFC use in the US during 1989. According to the Montreal Protocol, CFCs are to be completely phased out of new vehicles by the turn of the century, thus reducing the depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer

  18. Effects of future anthropogenic pollution emissions on global air quality (United States)

    Pozzer, A.; Zimmermann, P.; Doering, U.; van Aardenne, J.; Dentener, F.; Lelieveld, J.


    The atmospheric chemistry general circulation model EMAC is used to estimate the impact of anthropogenic emission changes on global and regional air quality in recent and future years (2005, 2010, 2025 and 2050). The emission scenario assumes that population and economic growth largely determine energy consumption and consequent pollution sources ("business as usual"). By comparing with recent observations, it is shown that the model reproduces the main features of regional air pollution distributions though with some imprecision inherent to the coarse horizontal resolution (around 100 km). To identify possible future hot spots of poor air quality, a multi pollutant index (MPI) has been applied. It appears that East and South Asia and the Arabian Gulf regions represent such hotspots due to very high pollutant concentrations. In East Asia a range of pollutant gases and particulate matter (PM2.5) are projected to reach very high levels from 2005 onward, while in South Asia air pollution, including ozone, will grow rapidly towards the middle of the century. Around the Arabian Gulf, where natural PM2.5 concentrations are already high (desert dust), ozone levels will increase strongly. By extending the MPI definition, we calculated a Per Capita MPI (PCMPI) in which we combined population projections with those of pollution emissions. It thus appears that a rapidly increasing number of people worldwide will experience reduced air quality during the first half of the 21st century. It is projected that air quality for the global average citizen in 2050 will be comparable to the average in East Asia in the year 2005.

  19. 2017 Air Force Global Strike Command Innovation and Technology Symposium (United States)


    NETWORKING BREAK Expo Hall 10:00 – 11:00 am INDUSTRY SENIOR EXECUTIVE PANEL Lieutenant General Noel T. “ Tom ” Jones, USAF (Ret) Moderator Ms. Carol...U.S. is developing to counter UAV challenges in the detection, engagement, and swarming areas. Lieutenant General Noel T. “ Tom ” Jones, USAF (Ret

  20. Environmental Assessment for the Construction of a Community Activities Center Malmstron Air Force Base, Montana (United States)


    area prior to Lewis and Clark’s Voyage of Discovery, but in 1805 the expedition’s portage around the Great Falls probably took them across what is now...on Malmstrom AFB. Malmstrom AFB conducted an architectural inventory in 1996 to identify Cold War resources. The inventory also identified a...Force Base Inventoried Wetland Sites. October. Malmstrom Air Force Base (Malmstrom AFB). 2006c. Malmstrom Air Force Base 341 SW OPLAN 32-7041 Storm

  1. Inpatient Psychiatric Admission Rates in a U.S. Air Force Basic Military Training Population (United States)


    Force Basic Military Training Population presented at/published to 2017 American Psychiatric Association Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, 20-24 May...ADMISSION RATES IN AN U.S. AIR FORCE BASIC MILITARY TRAINING POPULATION 7. FUNDING RECEIVED FOR THIS STUDY? 0 YES 181 NO FUNDING SOURCE: 8. DO YOU NEED...U.S. AIR FORCE BASIC MILITARY TRAINING POPULATION Background: Mental health admission rates for those with no active mental health disorders have

  2. Combat Support Execution Planning and Control. An Assessment of Initial Implementations in Air Force Exercises (United States)


    time-phased force and deployment data USAFE U.S. Air Forces in Europe UTASC USAFE Theater Aerospace Support Center UTC unit type code WPC Warfighter...scenario and supporting simulated environment were developed and run by the Warfighter Preparation Center ( WPC ) facility at Einsedlerhof Air Station near...participate.11 Forces below the operational level were simulated by the WPC . The training audience consisted of the JFACC and staff, AFFOR staff, AOC, and the

  3. Technology Horizons: A Vision for Air Force Science and Technology 2010-30 (United States)


    the Harold Keith Johnson Visiting Chair in Military History at the US Army Military History Institute, Army War College. He was a founding curator...and Dr. Theodore von Kármán. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air University Press, 1997. Day, Dwayne A. Lightning Rod: A History of the Air Force Chief...Directorate of Strategic Plan- ning, 2008. Johnson , Stephen. The United States Air Force and the Culture of Inno- vation: 1945–1965. Washington, DC

  4. Waste-to-Energy Plant Environmental Assessment, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas (United States)


    AGE aerospace ground equipment Air Force United States Air Force ATSDR Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry CAA Clean Air Act CAAA...the heart of the WTE plant. The WTE itself would be comprised of several components that are typically used for power generation, including a...tailed hawk, Swainson’s hawk, vesper sparrow, Mourning dove, northern bobwhite, wild turkey, golden-fronted woodpecker, ladder-backed woodpecker

  5. Environmental Assessment: Hurricane Katrina Recovery and Installation Development at Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi (United States)


    AC Advisory Circular ADSL Average Daily Student Load AETC Air Education and Training Command AFB Air Force Base AFH Air Force Handbook ANSI...and 67 percent as off-base residents based on data obtained from the 2004 EIA. The military personnel figure was obtained by subtracting the ADSL ...contract, and all other non-military employees. 3ADSL provided in 2004 EIA. Assumed 100 percent of ADSL live on base, based on information obtained from

  6. A Case Study On Human Capital Mismanagement In The United States Air Force (United States)


    AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY A Case Study on Human Capital Mismanagement in the United States Air Force By John P...Force does not effectively manage its human capital to develop and retain a technically literate acquisitions workforce. A detailed look at the...Several solutions are suggested to improve the human capital management and increase the quality and relevancy of the acquisitions community at

  7. Redefining the Indirect Approach, Defining Special Operations Forces (SOF Power, and the Global Networking of SOF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Morrison


    Full Text Available The current Defense Strategy assigns Special Operations Forces (SOF to play a central role in countering terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, and irregular warfare. However, there has been little published that defines the role of Special Operations alongside air, land, and sea domains. The U.S. Special Operations Community struggles to define its own theoretical concepts such as direct approach and indirect approach. The U.S. SOF circles typically define direct approach with direct action and the indirect approach with foreign internal defense or security force assistance. Military theorist Liddell Hart viewed the indirect approach as a method to orient upon, target, and upset an adversary’s equilibrium in order to plan for and direct decisive blows. Today, the SOF indirect approach is arguable more applicable due to the prevalence of non-state threats and internal conflicts. Following Hart’s definition, precision raids are among the integral components of a broader application of the indirect approach. The approach also networks U.S. government power as a force when used in concert with allies and local partners. Global networking along with balanced precision raids will exponentially increase the utility of SOF power and position it to appropriately complement all domains to tackle 21st century challenges.

  8. Reliable Force Predictions for a Flapping-wing Micro Air Vehicle : A "Vortex-lift" Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thielicke, W.; Kesel, A. B.; Stamhuis, Eize


    Vertical and horizontal force of a flapping-wing micro air vehicle (MAV) has been measured in slow-speed forward flight using a force balance. Detailed information on kinematics was used to estimate forces using a blade-element analysis. Input variables for this analysis are lift and drag

  9. Premature Extinction of the Weather Observer: How Much Risk is the Air Force Assuming (United States)


    AU/ACSC/2015 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY PREMATURE EXTINCTION OF THE WEATHER OBSERVER: HOW MUCH RISK IS...potential alternative methods . 8 Cornick, Jon. “A Comparison of Ceiling and Visibility Observations for...relative humidity, lightning, and pressure are not duplicated. The U.S. Air Force currently utilizes two methods of AMOS service and upkeep

  10. A decade of U.S. Air Force bat strikes (United States)

    Peurach, Suzanne C.; Dove, Carla J.; Stepko, Laura


    From 1997 through 2007, 821 bat strikes were reported to the U.S. Air Force (USAF) Safety Center by aircraft personnel or ground crew and sent to the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, for identification. Many samples were identified by macroscopic and or microscopic comparisons with bat specimens housed in the museum and augmented during the last 2 years by DNA analysis. Bat remains from USAF strikes during this period were received at the museum from 40 states in the United States and from 20 countries. We confirmed that 46% of the strikes were caused by bats, but we did not identify them further; we identified 5% only to the family or genus level, and 49% to the species level. Fifty-five of the 101 bat-strike samples submitted for DNA analysis have been identified to the species level. Twenty-five bat species have been recorded striking USAF planes worldwide. The Brazilian free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis; n = 173) is the species most commonly identified in USAF strike impacts, followed by the red bat (Lasiurus borealis; n = 83). Bat strikes peak during the spring and fall, with >57% occurring from August through October; 82% of the reports that included time of strike were recorded between 2100 and 0900 hours. More than 12% of the bat strikes were reported at >300 m above ground level (AGL). Although $825,000 and >50% of this sum was attributable to 5 bat-strike incidents. Only 5 bats from the 10 most damaging bat strikes were identified to the species level, either because we did not receive remains with the reports or the sample was insufficient for identification.

  11. Effect of particle shape on capillary forces acting on particles at the air-water interface. (United States)

    Chatterjee, Nirmalya; Flury, Markus


    The capillary forces exerted by moving air-water interfaces can dislodge particles from stationary surfaces. The magnitude of the capillary forces depends on particle shape, orientation, and surface properties, such as contact angle and roughness. The objective was to quantify, both experimentally and theoretically, capillary force variations as an air-water interface moves over the particles. We measured capillary forces as a function of position, i.e., force-position curves, on particles of different shape by using force tensiometry. The particles (5 mm nominal size) were made of polyacrylate and were fabricated using a 3D printer. Experimental measurements were compared with theoretical calculations. We found that force-position curves could be classified into in three categories according to particle shapes: (1) curves for particles with round cross sections, such as spheroidal particles, (2) curves for particles with fixed cross sections, such cylindrical or cubical particles, and (3) curves for particles with tapering cross sections, such as prismatic or tetrahedral particles. Spheroidal particles showed a continuously varying capillary force. Cylindrical or cubical particles showed pronounced pinning of the air-water interface line at edges. The pinning led to an increased capillary force, which was relaxed when the interface snapped off from the edges. Particles with tapering cross section did not show pinning and showed reduced capillary forces as the air-water interface line perimeter and displacement cross section continuously decrease when the air-water interface moved over the particles.

  12. Forced disappearance in an era of globalization: biopolitics, shadow networks, and imagined worlds. (United States)

    Rozema, Ralph


    In this article, I argue that the practice of forced disappearance of persons on the part of paramilitary groups has become linked to specific processes of globalization. Global flows related to biopolitics, global crime networks, and dehumanizing imaginations reproduced by mass media together constitute a driving force behind forced disappearances. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in the Colombian city of Medellín, I analyze how these global flows interact with local armed actors, helping create a climate conducive to forced disappearance. These mechanisms in Colombia show similarities to those in some African and Asian countries. Gaining insight into the mechanisms behind forced disappearance may help prevent it from occurring in the future. Enhancing social inclusion of residents, unraveling the transnational crime networks in which perpetrators are involved, and disseminating rehumanizing images of victims all contribute to curbing the practice of forced disappearance.

  13. Global changes and the air-sea exchange of chemicals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)


    Present and potential future changes to the global environment have important implications for marine pollution and for the air-sea exchange of both anthropogenic and natural substances. This report addresses three issues related to the potential impact of global change on the air-sea exchange of chemicals: Global change and the air-sea transfer of the nutrients nitrogen and iron. Global change and the air-sea exchange of gases. Oceanic responses to radiative and oxidative changes in the atmosphere. The deposition of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen has probably increased biological productivity in coastal regions along many continental margins. Atmospheric deposition of new nitrogen may also have increased productivity somewhat in mid-ocean regions. The projected future increases of nitrogen oxide emissions from Asia, Africa and South America will provide significant increases in the rate of deposition of oxidized nitrogen to the central North Pacific, the equatorial Atlantic, and the equatorial and central South Indian Oceans. Atmospheric iron may be an important nutrient in certain open regions. Future changes will likely occur if there are changing patterns of aridity and wind speed as a result of climate change. The most important future effects on surface ocean p CO2 will likely be caused by changes in ocean circulation. The pH of the ocean would decrease by ∼0.3 units for a doubling of p CO2 , reducing the capacity of the ocean to take up CO 2 . There is increasing evidence that dimethyl sulfide from the ocean is a source of cloud condensation nuclei and thus a factor controlling cloud albedo. By 2060 in the southern hemisphere reduction in total column stratospheric ozone from recent levels could reach 2 to 5% in the tropics, 10% at mid latitudes, and over 20% at 60 deg C. S. In this same time frame increases in ground-level effective UV-B radiation could reach 5%, 26% and 66%, at low, mid, and high latitudes in the southern hemisphere. Changes in

  14. Air Pollution, Global Change and Forests in the New Millennium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karnosky, D.F.; Pikkarainen, J.; Percy, K.E.; Simpson, C.; Chappelka, A.H.


    The chapters in this book present a snapshot of the state of knowledge of air pollution effects at the beginning of the 21st century. From their different disciplines, a distinguished collection of authors document their understanding of how leaves, trees, and forests respond to air pollutants and climate change. Scenarios of global change and air pollution are described. The authors describe responses of forests to climate variability, tropospheric ozone, rising atmospheric CO2, the combination of CO2 and ozone, and deposition of acidic compounds and heavy metals. The responses to ozone receive particular attention because of increasing concern about its damaging effects and increasing concentrations in rural areas. Scaling issues are addressed - from leaves to trees, from juvenile trees to mature trees, from short-term responses to long-term responses, and from small-scale experiments and observations to large-scale forest ecosystems. This book is one major product of a conference sponsored by the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations, the USDA Forest Service Global Change Northern Stations Program, the Arthur Ross Foundation, NCASI, the Canadian Forest Service, and Michigan Technological University. The conference was held in May 2000 in Houghton, Michigan, USA

  15. Global impact of road traffic on atmospheric chemical composition and on ozone climate forcing (United States)

    Niemeier, Ulrike; Granier, Claire; Kornblueh, Luis; Walters, Stacy; Brasseur, Guy P.


    Automobile emissions are known to contribute to local air pollution and to photochemical smog in urban areas. The impact of road traffic on the chemical composition of the troposphere at the global scale and on climate forcing is less well quantified. Calculations performed with the chemical transport MOZART-2 model show that the concentrations of ozone and its precursors (NOx, CO, and hydrocarbons) are considerably enhanced in most regions of the Northern Hemisphere in response to current surface traffic. During summertime in the Northern Hemisphere, road traffic has increased the zonally averaged ozone concentration by more than 10% in the boundary layer and in the extratropics by approximately 6% at 500 hPa and 2.5% at 300 hPa. The summertime surface ozone concentrations have increased by typically 1-5 ppbv in the remote regions and by 5-20 ppbv in industrialized regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The corresponding ozone-related radiative forcing is 0.05 Wm-2. In order to assess the sensitivity of potential changes in road traffic intensity, two additional model cases were considered, in which traffic-related emissions in all regions of the world were assumed to be on a per capita basis the same as in Europe and in the United States, respectively. In the second and most dramatic case, the surface ozone concentration increases by 30-50 ppbv (50-100%) in south Asia as compared to the present situation. Under this assumption, the global radiative forcing due to traffic-generated ozone reaches 0.27 Wm-2.

  16. Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Cotesworth Slessor and the Anglo-American Air Power Alliance, 1940-1945

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Connolly, Corvin


    .... He played a remarkable and extensive role in building the Anglo-American air power partnership as an air planner on the Royal Air Force Staff, the British Chiefs of Staff, and the Combined Chiefs of Staff...

  17. The effects of global change upon United States air quality (United States)

    Gonzalez-Abraham, R.; Chung, S. H.; Avise, J.; Lamb, B.; Salathé, E. P., Jr.; Nolte, C. G.; Loughlin, D.; Guenther, A.; Wiedinmyer, C.; Duhl, T.; Zhang, Y.; Streets, D. G.


    To understand more fully the effects of global changes on ambient concentrations of ozone and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter smaller than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) in the United States (US), we conducted a comprehensive modeling effort to evaluate explicitly the effects of changes in climate, biogenic emissions, land use and global/regional anthropogenic emissions on ozone and PM2.5 concentrations and composition. Results from the ECHAM5 global climate model driven with the A1B emission scenario from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were downscaled using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to provide regional meteorological fields. We developed air quality simulations using the Community Multiscale Air Quality Model (CMAQ) chemical transport model for two nested domains with 220 and 36 km horizontal grid cell resolution for a semi-hemispheric domain and a continental United States (US) domain, respectively. The semi-hemispheric domain was used to evaluate the impact of projected global emissions changes on US air quality. WRF meteorological fields were used to calculate current (2000s) and future (2050s) biogenic emissions using the Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature (MEGAN). For the semi-hemispheric domain CMAQ simulations, present-day global emissions inventories were used and projected to the 2050s based on the IPCC A1B scenario. Regional anthropogenic emissions were obtained from the US Environmental Protection Agency National Emission Inventory 2002 (EPA NEI2002) and projected to the future using the MARKet ALlocation (MARKAL) energy system model assuming a business as usual scenario that extends current decade emission regulations through 2050. Our results suggest that daily maximum 8 h average ozone (DM8O) concentrations will increase in a range between 2 to 12 parts per billion (ppb) across most of the continental US. The highest increase occurs in the South, Central and Midwest regions of the US due to

  18. Reflecting Warfighter Needs in Air Force Programs: Prototype Analysis (United States)


    JUSTICE EDUCATION ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS NATIONAL SECURITY POPULATION AND AGING PUBLIC SAFETY SCIENCE AND...States. Air Force— Combat sustainability . 4. United States. Air Force—Operational readiness. 5. Close air support. I. Davis, Paul K., 1943...Decisionmakers are shown options at the scorecard level, where they see multicriteria evaluations rather than evaluations in terms of some net effectiveness. For

  19. The Lightning Bolt and the Quill: Determining the Role of Air Force Public Affairs in Information Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Englin, David


    As the Air Force's internal and external public voice, Air Force public affairs is uniquely positioned to influence the flow of information to different audiences about a variety of issues and operations...

  20. Conduction and Utilization of Research: The Relationship Between Air Force Nurses' Attitudes, Levels of Education, and Rank

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Moledor, Heather


    .... Air Force nurses had an overall good attitude toward nursing research. Air Force nurses at the Diploma, BSN, and MSN education levels in nursing had the most research experience in the past five years...

  1. United States Air Force Company Grade Officer PME and Leader Development: Establishing a Glide Path for Future Success

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Owens, Patrick


    .... This monograph addresses the role of PME at the company grade level in the development of Air Force officers in light of ongoing Army and Air Force leader development initiatives as well as recent...

  2. Vandenberg Air Force Base Upper Level Wind Launch Weather Constraints (United States)

    Shafer, Jaclyn A.; Wheeler, Mark M.


    The 30th Operational Support Squadron Weather Flight (30 OSSWF) provides comprehensive weather services to the space program at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) in California. One of their responsibilities is to monitor upper-level winds to ensure safe launch operations of the Minuteman III ballistic missile. The 30 OSSWF tasked the Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) to analyze VAFB sounding data with the goal of determining the probability of violating (PoV) their upper-level thresholds for wind speed and shear constraints specific to this launch vehicle, and to develop a tool that will calculate the PoV of each constraint on the day of launch. In order to calculate the probability of exceeding each constraint, the AMU collected and analyzed historical data from VAFB. The historical sounding data were retrieved from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory archive for the years 1994-2011 and then stratified into four sub-seasons: January-March, April-June, July-September, and October-December. The maximum wind speed and 1000-ft shear values for each sounding in each subseason were determined. To accurately calculate the PoV, the AMU determined the theoretical distributions that best fit the maximum wind speed and maximum shear datasets. Ultimately it was discovered that the maximum wind speeds follow a Gaussian distribution while the maximum shear values follow a lognormal distribution. These results were applied when calculating the averages and standard deviations needed for the historical and real-time PoV calculations. In addition to the requirements outlined in the original task plan, the AMU also included forecast sounding data from the Rapid Refresh model. This information provides further insight for the launch weather officers (LWOs) when determining if a wind constraint violation will occur over the next few hours on day of launch. The interactive graphical user interface (GUI) for this project was developed in

  3. Impact of climate forcing uncertainty and human water use on global and continental water balance components


    Müller Schmied, Hannes; Adam, Linda; Eisner, Stephanie; Fink, Gabriel; Flörke, Martina; Kim, Hyungjun; Oki, Taikan; Portmann, Felix Theodor; Reinecke, Robert; Riedel, Claudia; Song, Qi; Zhang, Jing; Döll, Petra


    The assessment of water balance components using global hydrological models is subject to climate forcing uncertainty as well as to an increasing intensity of human water use within the 20th century. The uncertainty of five state-of-the-art climate forcings and the resulting range of cell runoff that is simulated by the global hydrological model WaterGAP is presented. On the global land surface, about 62 % of precipitation evapotranspires, whereas 38 % discharges into oceans...

  4. Supplemental site inspection for Air Force Plant 59, Johnson City, New York, Volume 1: Investigation report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nashold, B.; Rosenblatt, D.; Hau, J. [and others


    This summary describes a Supplemental Site Inspection (SSI) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at Air Force Plant 59 (AFP 59) in Johnson City, New York. All required data pertaining to this project were entered by ANL into the Air Force-wide Installation Restoration Program Information System (IRPIMS) computer format and submitted to an appropriate authority. The work was sponsored by the United States Air Force as part of its Installation Restoration Program (IRP). Previous studies had revealed the presence of contaminants at the site and identified several potential contaminant sources. Argonne`s study was conducted to answer questions raised by earlier investigations.

  5. Supplemental Environmental Assessment:VTRS Fiber Optic Cable Installation on South Base Vandenberg Air Force Base, California (United States)


    Vandenberg Air Force base, California 2003-08 E-3961 Owen and Lebow 2003, Archaeological Survey for Proposed Wind Farm South Vandenberg Air Force Base...ebow, C.G., and R.L. McKim. 1997. Cultural Resources Condition on Vandenberg Air Force Base Fiscal Year 1997: Zones rks, Inc., Fresno , California , for...Force Base, California . (VAFB- 1990-11) Owen, V.A., and C.G. Lebow. 2003. Archaeological Survey for the Proposed Wind Farm South Vandenberg Air

  6. Air Force Command and Control: The Need for Increased Adaptability (United States)


    Commander, General Michael Moseley, Coalition Forces Land Component Commander, Lieutenant General Da­ 76 vid McKiernan, Coalition Forces Maritime...Command and Control of Space Assets The unique characteristics of systems operating in the ulti­ mate high ground present special considerations for the C2

  7. Current Air Force Combat Search and Rescue Challenges (United States)


    CREED It is my duty, as a member of the Air Rescue Service , to save life and aid the injured. I will be prepared at all times to perform my assigned...Richard Kight, Commander, Air Rescue Service , 1 Dec 1946 – 8 July 1952 Contents

  8. Air Force Achieves Fuel Efficiency through Industry Best Practices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The U.S. Air Force’s Air Mobility Command (AMC) is changing the way it does business. It is saving energy and money through an aircraft fleet fuel-efficiency program inspired by private industry best practices and ideas resulting from the empowered fuel savings culture.

  9. Report of the Defense Science Board Task Force on Globalization and Security. (United States)


    UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY , AND LOGISTICS) SUBJECT: Report of the Defense Science Board (DSB) Task Force on Globalization ...changes in the way the Department conducts its business in order to maintain military dominance amidst global technological leveling. Specific...the integrity of essential software-intensive systems; adopting personnel security policies to the new global information technologies ; and

  10. Skill of a global seasonal streamflow forecasting system, relative roles of initial conditions and meteorological forcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yossef, N.C.; Winsemius, H.; Weerts, A.H.; Beek, van R.; Bierkens, M.F.P.


    We investigate the relative contributions of initial conditions (ICs) and meteorological forcing (MF) to the skill of the global seasonal streamflow forecasting system FEWS-World, using the global hydrological model PCRaster Global Water Balance. Potential improvement in forecasting skill through

  11. Air pollution and forest ecosystems: a regional to global perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taylor, G.E.; Johnson, D.W.; Andersen, C.P.


    Changes in the atmospheric concentrations of a number of air pollutants over the last century are hallmarks of the magnitude and extent of human impact on the environment. Some of these changes are important to ecologists because many pollutants, acting singly or in combination, affect ecological systems in general and forests in particular. The greatest concern lies with chronic levels of tropospheric ozone, cumulative deposition of hydrogen ion, nitrogen, and sulfur via wet and dry processes, a select number of airborne chemicals (e.g., mercury) that tend to bio accumulate in continental landscapes, and ultraviolet—B radiation through the loss of stratospheric ozone. Because the atmospheric residence time of most pollutants of concern to ecologists is measured on time frames extending from a few weeks to decades, pollutant distribution and effects are regional to global in dimension. We present evidence that ambient levels of some air pollutants in North America are affecting managed and unmanaged forests, and that the two most important pollutants are tropospheric ozone and chronic nitrogen loading. Further evidence indicates that while concentrations of some air pollutants have been declining over the last decade in North America, others are expected to remain unchanged or increase, including tropospheric ozone. We conclude that air pollution is affecting many North American forests and some remote forests around the globe. In the immediate future, the concern for air pollution effects on forests and associated natural resources will broaden to include interactions with changes in climate and pollution effects in the world's developing countries. There has been a rapid evolution in air pollution studies in ecology, shifting away from the agricultural paradigm of single—factor experimentation toward new methodologies that are ecologically and multidisciplinarily based. This shift has been promoted by the recognition that air pollution is one of several

  12. 32 CFR 903.6 - Reassignment of Air Force members to become cadet candidates at the preparatory school. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Reassignment of Air Force members to become cadet candidates at the preparatory school. 903.6 Section 903.6 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE MILITARY TRAINING AND SCHOOLS AIR FORCE ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL...

  13. Adhesion force imaging in air and liquid by adhesion mode atomic force microscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Werf, Kees; Putman, C.A.J.; Putman, Constant A.; de Grooth, B.G.; Greve, Jan


    A new imaging mode for the atomic force microscope(AFM), yielding images mapping the adhesion force between tip and sample, is introduced. The adhesion mode AFM takes a force curve at each pixel by ramping a piezoactuator, moving the silicon‐nitride tip up and down towards the sample. During the

  14. The Operational Preparedness of United States Air Force Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists to Provide Trauma Anesthesia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael W


    .... The purpose of this study was to determine the experience and training in trauma anesthesia of CRNAs in the United States Air Force, as well as their perceived value of this experience and training...

  15. An Evaluation of Wind Turbine Technology at Peterson Air Force Base

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Combs, Randy C


    .... In accordance with Executive Orders, the Air Force must reduce greenhouse emissions and energy consumption, and expand the use of renewable energy sources within its facilities nation-wide by year 2010...

  16. A Study on Improving United States Air Force Space Systems Engineering and Acquisition

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stahr, Jeremiah B


    ...) and United States Air Force (USAF) policies and practices, many government systems engineers today lack the systems engineering/management skills required to successfully execute national security space programs...

  17. Conflict Resolution: The Relationship Between Air Force Public Affairs and Legal Functions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Law, James


    .... This research examines the relationship between Air Force public affairs and legal functions to find out what conflict exists, how often it occurs, how it is resolved, what the results are for the...

  18. Joining the Department of Defense Enterprise Resource Planning Team: The Air Force's Role in the Enterprise

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mueller, Coreen


    Over time, the Air Force (AF) built customized legacy logistics data and information systems, which have evolved into an inflexible network of obsolete systems that are costly to maintain and upgrade, and struggle to share data...

  19. 78 FR 40446 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... personnel of the reserve components of the Air Force could be recruited; (e) maintains a peacetime rotation.... The Commission's staff will assign time to oral commenters at the meeting, for no more than 5 minutes...

  20. Stakeholder Collaboration in Air Force Acquisition: Adaptive Design Using System Representations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dare, Robert


    This research, conducted under the auspices of the Lean Aerospace Initiative, sought to determine how Air Force development programs could achieve high levels of adaptability during the design phase...

  1. Modeling the Value of Micro Solutions in Air Force Financial Management

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    O'Hare, Scott M; Krott, James E


    The purpose of this MBA Project was to develop a model that would estimate the value of applying available spreadsheet programming tools to automation opportunities in Air Force Financial Management (FM...

  2. Air Force Journal of Logistics. Volume 27, Number 1, Spring 2003

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    .... Financial management and productivity continue to be key elements of depot performance. To better focus their efforts, the Air Force leadership decided to take a more strategic and integrated approach toward improving depot maintenance...

  3. Geophysical Characterization of Fractured Bedrock at Site 8 Former Pease Air Force Base, Newington, New Hampshire

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mack, Thomas J; Degnan, James R


    ... beneath the former Pease Air Force Base, Newington, N.H. The following logs were used: caliper, fluid temperature and conductivity, natural gamma radiation, electromagnetic conductivity, optical and acoustic televiewer, and heat-pulse flowmeter...

  4. The Operational Preparedness of United States Air Force Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists to Provide Trauma Anesthesia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Frank, Michael W


    ...) must expand their role while deployed and be skilled in the management of trauma. Treating traumatically injured patients in Air Force hospitals is limited while working outside of the operational theater...

  5. (Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This report presents information concerning field procedures employed during the monitoring, well construction, well purging, sampling, and well logging at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. Activities were conducted in an effort to evaluate ground water contamination.

  6. Measuring Relationships: A Model for Evaluating U.S. Air Force Public Affairs Programs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Della Vedova, Joseph P


    The thesis advanced here is that Air Force Public Affairs should be responsible for managing the organization-public relationship and that the effectiveness of that management can be measured in terms...

  7. Intranet-Based Decision Support for the Marine Air Ground Task Force Aviation Combat Element

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    LeMay, Malcolm


    ...) of the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF). Through the use of Intranet-based decision support, internet technology can be leveraged to improve the decision support and information processes of the ACE...

  8. In Support of Military Linguists: Integrating the Internet into U.S. Air Force Language Programs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Valentine, Susan


    This thesis examines the United States Air Force's (USAF) long range goal of having ten percent of its officers proficient in a foreign language by the year 2005 and argues that current USAF programs are insufficient to reach this goal...

  9. Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Stute, Nicholas


    The purpose of this document is to describe the results for the Air Force ALP AEF Initiative Wing-Level Cluster Development and Demonstration task jointly sponsored by the Logistics Readiness Branch...

  10. Using Value-Focused Thinking to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Air Force Utility Privatization

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Braziel, Carlos


    .... The cost to upgrade and repair these systems is currently estimated at over $4 billion. In response, the Air Force began efforts to convey ownership of these utility systems to the private sector through privatization efforts...

  11. Combat Pair: The Evolution of Air Force-Navy Integration in Strike Warfare

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lambeth, Benjamin


    ... any significant interoperability features. The most influential factor accounting for this gradual trend toward integration was the nation's ten-year experience with Operations Northern and Southern Watch, in which both Air Force land-based...

  12. Initial Remedial Action Plan for Expanded Bioventing System BX Service Station, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    This initial remedial action plan presents the scope for an expanded bioventing system for in situ treatment of fuel-contaminated soils at the BX Service Station at Patrick Air Force Base (AFB), Florida...

  13. Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets Homecoming to feature U.S. Air Force flyover


    Cox, Carrie


    The 28th Bomb Squadron from Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, will conduct a military flyover with two B-1B Lancer heavy bombers at the beginning of the Virginia Tech versus Marshall football game on Saturday, Sept. 12.

  14. Benefit Analysis Report, United States Air Force Technical Order Management Systems (AFTOMS) (United States)


    This report prepared by the Transportation Systems Center (TSC) concludes an analysis of the Technical Order (TO) costs and benefits, which was originally undertaken as part of the US Air Force Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistics Support (CALS) ...

  15. Characterization of Reduced Toxicity, High Performance Monopropellants at the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hawkins, T


    Current U.S. Air Force programs are working to develop reduced toxicity monopropellant formulations to replace spacecraft hydrazine monopropellant and exceed the monopropellant performance objective (greater than 50...

  16. Exploring the Readability of Consent Forms in Human Research in the United States Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kruse, Clemens S


    Informed consent documents used in human subject research within the United States Air Force appear increasingly complex and lengthy based on the level of risk, or potential harm to a human research...

  17. Technology Transfer: A Qualitative Analysis of Air Force Office of Research and Technology Applications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Trexler, David C


    Everyday within United States Air Forces? research laboratories there are hundreds of scientists and engineers whose research and development activities contribute to the advancement of science and technology for mankind...

  18. 76 FR 78906 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting (United States)


    ... needs with tomorrow's challenges to prepare for full-spectrum operations. In accordance with 5 U.S.C... commanders; extended use of Air Force Space Command space-based sensors; acquisition challenges amid new era...

  19. Project Portfolio Management: An Investigation of One Air Force Product Center

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Edmunds, Bryan D


    .... This research focuses on the portfolio management (project selection and resource allocation) part of the CTRRP. The purpose of this research effort was to investigate the use of portfolio management within the Air Force...

  20. MILITARY BASE CLOSURES: Questions Concerning the Proposed Sale of Housing at Mather Air Force Base

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    This report responds to your request that we review the proposed negotiated sale of 1,271 surplus family housing units at Mather Air Force Base, California, to the Sacramento Housing and Redevelopment Agency (SHRA...

  1. Bring Me Men: Intertextual Identity Formation at the US Air Force Academy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Schifani, Katherine L


    .... It took twenty-one years from when the first class entered in 1955 before the Air Force Academy saw its first women, one walking famously on her first day in front of the "Bring Me Men..." ramp (BMMR...

  2. 75 FR 30689 - Modification of Class C Airspace; Beale Air Force Base, CA (United States)


    ... Base, CA AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This action modifies the legal description of the Beale Air Force Base (AFB), CA, Class C airspace area by allowing the...

  3. Job Characteristics in the United States Air Force and Mental Health Service Utilization

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Baumgarten, Victor


    Data from the 2000 Air Force Community Needs Assessment were used to assess the significance and strength of the effects of job characteristics and social supports on mental health service utilization...

  4. Forcing of a photochemical air quality model with atmospheric fields simulated by a regional climate model

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Naidoo, M


    Full Text Available Within the context of climate change over southern Africa, little is understood about the potential local response of air quality to changes in the larger scale environment. Under future climate forcing, there may be significant changes...

  5. Estimating the Benefits of the Air Force Purchasing and Supply Chain Management Initiative

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Arkes, Jeremy; Chenoweth, Mary E


    .... The goals of the Air Force PSCM initiative are to improve supply material availability -- the right parts at the right time -- reduce material costs, and reduce the time it takes to provide materiel...

  6. Foreign Military Sales: Air Force Controls Over the FMS Program Need Improvement

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library


    .... While the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) has overall responsibility for administering the FMS program, the Army, Navy, and Air Force generally execute the sales agreements-commonly referred to as sales cases...

  7. No Sense in Dwelling on the Past?: The Fate of the US Air Force’s German Air Force Monograph Project, 1952-69 (United States)


    the Air Force completed. Paradoxically , the Air Force’s limited interest both strangled and freed the Karlsruhe project. On one hand, given the chal...Normandy . . . Rommel was not on hand on [D-Day] because it was his wife’s birthday .” Hechler was “overjoyed” with the results, with the proceedings...Military Education in the Luft- waffe.” Air University Review, March–April 1969, 76–82. Cassidy, Robert M. “Prophets or Praetorians? The Uptonian Paradox

  8. Future atmospheric abundances and climate forcings from scenarios of global and regional hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions (United States)

    Velders, Guus J. M.; Fahey, David W.; Daniel, John S.; Andersen, Stephen O.; McFarland, Mack


    Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are manufactured for use as substitutes for ozone-depleting substances that are being phased out globally under Montreal Protocol regulations. While HFCs do not deplete ozone, many are potent greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change. Here, new global scenarios show that baseline emissions of HFCs could reach 4.0-5.3 GtCO2-eq yr-1 in 2050. The new baseline (or business-as-usual) scenarios are formulated for 10 HFC compounds, 11 geographic regions, and 13 use categories. The scenarios rely on detailed data reported by countries to the United Nations; projections of gross domestic product and population; and recent observations of HFC atmospheric abundances. In the baseline scenarios, by 2050 China (31%), India and the rest of Asia (23%), the Middle East and northern Africa (11%), and the USA (10%) are the principal source regions for global HFC emissions; and refrigeration (40-58%) and stationary air conditioning (21-40%) are the major use sectors. The corresponding radiative forcing could reach 0.22-0.25 W m-2 in 2050, which would be 12-24% of the increase from business-as-usual CO2 emissions from 2015 to 2050. National regulations to limit HFC use have already been adopted in the European Union, Japan and USA, and proposals have been submitted to amend the Montreal Protocol to substantially reduce growth in HFC use. Calculated baseline emissions are reduced by 90% in 2050 by implementing the North America Montreal Protocol amendment proposal. Global adoption of technologies required to meet national regulations would be sufficient to reduce 2050 baseline HFC consumption by more than 50% of that achieved with the North America proposal for most developed and developing countries.

  9. 78 FR 63452 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force; Correction to Meetings of... (United States)


    ... Force and the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, for the Commissioners. The Commissioners will also... information gathered by the staff and/or members. October 24, 2013 Agenda from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.: The... Air Force could be recruited; (e) maintains a peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo...

  10. Pneumonia Outbreak Caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae Among US Air Force Academy Cadets, Colorado, USA (United States)


    2014 Bacteria or virus No. (%) positive Cadets with pneumonia , n = 15 Cadets without pneumonia , n = 53 Chlamydophila pneumonia 11 (73) 19 (36...Article 3. DATES COVERED (From – To) Sep 2013 – May 2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Pneumonia Outbreak Caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae among US Air Force...October 2013–May 2014, there were 102 cases of pneumonia diagnosed in US Air Force Academy cadets. A total of 73% of tested nasal washes contained

  11. Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps (United States)


    research quality and objectivity. Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps Nelson Lim, Louis T. Mariano, Amy G. Cox, David ...Louis T. Mariano, Amy G. Cox, David Schulker, Lawrence M. Hanser Prepared for the United States Air Force Approved for public fields, 6 See Karen R. Humes , Nicholas A. Jones, and Roberto R. Ramirez, Overview of Race and

  12. Environmental Assessment: General Plan-Based Environmental Impact Analysis Process, Laughlin Air Force Base (United States)


    BASED ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS LAUGHLIN AIR FORCE BASE, TEXAS AGENCY: 47th Flying Training Wing (FTW), Laughlin Air Force Base (AFB), their decision-making process. The President’s Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) has issued regulations to implement NEPA that include...Order (EO) 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations, was issued by the President on

  13. A Retrospective Analysis of Initial Posterior Root Canal Therapy on United States Air Force Personnel (United States)


    dam during RCTs (12). Dental implants have gained considerable popularity as a treatment option for diseased teeth, which previously would have been...and John Yaccino, DDS Abstract Introduction: The Air Force Dental Service (AFDS) has established evidence-based treatment standards for endodontics...and cuspal coverage restorations (4-6). With this research, the Air Force Dental Service (AFDS) established evidence-based treatment standards for

  14. Air Force Management of the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund: Opportunities for Improvement (United States)


    savings, such as subsidized cafeteria food and free snacks and beverages . 51 Work-Life Balance and Flexible Work Some of the perks described above...that continuation of the DAWDF was “essential to our deliberate development and quality initiatives.”71 Successful Air Force management of the DAWDF...John A. Ausink, Lisa M. Harrington, Laura Werber, William A. Williams, John E. Boon, Jr., Michael H. Powell Air Force Management of the Defense

  15. Environmental Assessment: Combat Information Transport System Upgrade Vandenberg Air Force Base, California (United States)


    centerline of Point Sal Road, Bear Creek Road, Coast Road, and Station Road, no deeper than 12 to 18 inches below surface, not to exceed the depth of the...AIRFA Air Force AOC AOI APCD APE ARPA bgs BMP BTEX CAA CAAQS Cal EPA Cal OSHA CAP CARB CCA CCR CDFG CEQ CERCLA CFR CITS CNDDB...California Coastal Zone Management Program was formed through the California Coastal Act ( CCA ) of 1972. The Air Force is responsible for making final

  16. Selection for Career Course and Impact on Retention of Brazilian Air Force Officers (United States)


    Departamento de Ensino ( Education Department) DOD Department of Defense ECEMAR Escola de Comando e Estado Maior da Aeronáutica (Air Force Command and Staff...institutional site of Brazilian Air Force (available at www.fab institucional ). 1 feedback work...2015 Tabulates the courses offered by the Department of Education (January 13, 2013) The Military Pay Act stipulates that any military member may

  17. Selection for career course and impact on retention of Brazilian Air Force officers


    De Mello Takahashi, Marcus Vinicius


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited This research examines the effect of a particular non-monetary incentive on the retention of active duty Brazilian Air Force colonels. The objective is to provide evidence to support the Brazilian Air Force Manpower decision makers in establishing policies regarding the selection of colonels for a career course. The characteristics of the incentives and the links to Expectancy Theory were reviewed to frame the hypotheses. Using two sou...

  18. A Service in Transition: Forging an Integrated Institutional Identity for the United States Air Force (United States)


    September 2006, (Incorporating Change 1 13 February 2008), GL-26. 136 This iterative, some would say compulsive , need for the Air Force to...Air Force has used to justify procurement of addition numbers of fifth-generation F-22‘s above the final- buy ceiling (187 aircraft) established by...worship of technology led the institution to adopt an organizational vision that features an almost compulsive need to expand its horizons through the

  19. Environmental Assessment for Landfill Drainage Improvements Vandenberg Air Force Base, California (United States)


    for Landfill Drainage Improvements Vandenberg Air Force Base, California Page3-23 between Gaviota and Guadalupe. Farming and ranching were the...Resources, edited by Michael J. Moratto. Tetra Tech, Inc., Santa Barbara, California , and Applied EarthWorks, Inc., Fresno , California . Submitted to...Final Environmental Assessment for Landfill Drainage Improvements Vandenberg Air Force Base, California April 7, 2003 30 CES/CEVPP 806 13th

  20. Incidence of Testicular Cancer in U.S. Air Force Officer Aviators: 1998-2008 (United States)


    factors have been linked to testicular cancer . Cryptorchidism is the condition where one or both testicles fail to descend into the scrotum at the...AFRL-SA-WP-SR-2012-0001 INCIDENCE OF TESTICULAR CANCER IN U.S. AIR FORCE OFFICER AVIATORS: 1998-2008 Christopher Walker...Testicular Cancer in U.S. Air Force Officer Aviators: 1998-2008 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR

  1. PAVE PAWS Early Warning Radar Operation Cape Cod Air Force Station, MA. Record of Decision (United States)


    Supplemei OET PAVE PAWS PCS PPPHSG RF RFE RFR rms ROD SATCOM SEIS SLBM SLEP SSPARS TV UEWR UHF VDT VHF V/m W/kg W/m2 Office of...Exempt Lasers, DOD 6055.11, February 21, 1996. • Air Force Occupational Safety and Health (AFOSH) Standard, Radio Frequency Radiation ( RFR ) Safety...other RFE emitters at Cape Cod AFS in accordance with Air Force Occupational Safety and Health (AFOSH) Standard 48-9, RFR Safety Program, which

  2. A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components (United States)


    capability to estimate the historic impact of changes in economic conditions on the flows of labor into, between, and out of the Air Force active...C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report A Methodology for Modeling the Flow of Military Personnel Across Air Force Active and Reserve Components...or considered about the effect that those policies might have on personnel flows into and out of other components. The degree to which this is

  3. Frozen Egg Products for Air Force Missile Sites (United States)


    Acceptable Ingredients Schillings, Crown Colony ( Safeway ) wu-formula flour, Rice Products Col, 26 O’Forrell St., San Francisco. TCikkcman. Sea...Serve with catsup. Acceptable Ingredients Carnation or Lucerne. TJel-Air Frozen S> redded Hash Browns ( Safeway ). jPreco, Real Pre-cooked Bacon...cycles of 30 sec. on/30 sec. off. •Serve with syrup. Acceptable Ingredients Carnation or Lucerne. Bel-Air Frozen Shredded Hash Browns ( Safeway

  4. Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicle Wing Manufacture and Force Testing (United States)


    manufacturing techniques have been developed by various universities for research on Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles. Minimal attention though is given...collected at 2kHz ( A 0.25V band-limited white noise input signal is input to a Bogen HTA -125 High Performance Amplifier, which...manufacturing techniques have been developed by various universities for research on Flapping Wing Micro Air Vehicles. Minimal attention though is given

  5. The United States Air Force and Profession: Why Sixty Percent of Air Force General Officers are Still Pilots When Pilots Comprise Just Twenty Percent of the Officer Corps (United States)


    auto mechanic and the medical doctor turn out to be quite similar at a certain level of abstraction in terms of diagnosing, inferring, and treating a...scientists, and they will wear no pilot’s wings on their chests. That insignia will cease to be the yardstick of Air Force achievement. That’s something for

  6. Environmental Assessment for Construction of the United States Air Force Technical Application Center (AFTAC) on Patrick Air Force Base, Florida (Amended) (United States)


    architectural , and Native American resources. Areas of potential impact include properties, structures, landscapes, or traditional cultural sites...occur before packaging). Laboratory processes, storage and handling will be coordinated with 45 SW units of Bioenvironmental , Wing Safety, Medical...1994. Historical and Architectural Documentation Reports of Patrick Air Force Base, Cocoa Beach, Florida. U.S. Army Construction Engineering

  7. Climate forcing and air quality change due to regional emissions reductions by economic sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Shindell


    Full Text Available We examine the air quality (AQ and radiative forcing (RF response to emissions reductions by economic sector for North America and developing Asia in the CAM and GISS composition/climate models. Decreases in annual average surface particulate are relatively robust, with intermodel variations in magnitude typically <30% and very similar spatial structure. Surface ozone responses are small and highly model dependent. The largest net RF results from reductions in emissions from the North America industrial/power and developing Asia domestic fuel burning sectors. Sulfate reductions dominate the first case, for which intermodel variations in the sulfate (or total aerosol optical depth (AOD responses are ~30% and the modeled spatial patterns of the AOD reductions are highly correlated (R=0.9. Decreases in BC dominate the developing Asia domestic fuel burning case, and show substantially greater model-to-model differences. Intermodel variations in tropospheric ozone burden changes are also large, though aerosol changes dominate those cases with substantial net climate forcing. The results indicate that across-the-board emissions reductions in domestic fuel burning in developing Asia and in surface transportation in North America are likely to offer the greatest potential for substantial, simultaneous improvement in local air quality and near-term mitigation of global climate change via short-lived species. Conversely, reductions in industrial/power emissions have the potential to accelerate near-term warming, though they would improve AQ and have a long-term cooling effect on climate. These broad conclusions appear robust to intermodel differences.

  8. Decreased AIRE expression and global thymic hypofunction in Down syndrome. (United States)

    Lima, Flavia A; Moreira-Filho, Carlos A; Ramos, Patrícia L; Brentani, Helena; Lima, Leandro de A; Arrais, Magaly; Bento-de-Souza, Luiz C; Bento-de-Souza, Luciana; Duarte, Maria I; Coutinho, Antonio; Carneiro-Sampaio, Magda


    The Down syndrome (DS) immune phenotype is characterized by thymus hypotrophy, higher propensity to organ-specific autoimmune disorders, and higher susceptibility to infections, among other features. Considering that AIRE (autoimmune regulator) is located on 21q22.3, we analyzed protein and gene expression in surgically removed thymuses from 14 DS patients with congenital heart defects, who were compared with 42 age-matched controls with heart anomaly as an isolated malformation. Immunohistochemistry revealed 70.48 ± 49.59 AIRE-positive cells/mm(2) in DS versus 154.70 ± 61.16 AIRE-positive cells/mm(2) in controls (p genes significantly hypoexpressed in DS, most of which were related, according to network transcriptional analysis (FunNet), to cell division and to immunity. Immune response-related genes included those involved in 1) Ag processing and presentation (HLA-DQB1, HLA-DRB3, CD1A, CD1B, CD1C, ERAP) and 2) thymic T cell differentiation (IL2RG, RAG2, CD3D, CD3E, PRDX2, CDK6) and selection (SH2D1A, CD74). It is noteworthy that relevant AIRE-partner genes, such as TOP2A, LAMNB1, and NUP93, were found hypoexpressed in DNA microarrays and quantitative real-time PCR analyses. These findings on global thymic hypofunction in DS revealed molecular mechanisms underlying DS immune phenotype and strongly suggest that DS immune abnormalities are present since early development, rather than being a consequence of precocious aging, as widely hypothesized. Thus, DS should be considered as a non-monogenic primary immunodeficiency.

  9. Man -made greenhouse gases trigger unified force to start global warming impacts referred to as climate change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Karishnan, K.J.; Kalam, A.


    Global warming problems due to man-made greenhouse gases (GHGs), appear to be a serious concern and threat to the globe. CO/sub 2/, O/sub 3, NOx and HFC's are the main greenhouse gases and CO/sub 2/ is one of the main cause of global warming. CO/sub 2/ is emitted from burning fossil fuels to produce electricity from power plants and burning of gasoline in vehicles and airplanes. Global greenhouse gases and its sources in regions are discussed in this paper. This paper initially discusses the CO/sub 2/ emissions and the recycle of CO/sub 2/ in biodiesel. This paper mainly focuses on 'Unified Force'. The increase of H/sub 2/O in the sea due to warming of the globe triggers the 'Unified Force' or 'Self-Compressive Surrounding Pressure Force' which is proportional to the H/sub 2/O level in the sea to start global warming impacts referred to as climate change. This paper also points out the climate change and the ten surprising results of global warming. Finally, this paper suggests switching from fossil fuel technology to green energy technologies like biodiesel which recycles CO/sub 2/ emissions and also Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell Technologies which eradicates global warming impacts. The benefits of switching from fossil fuel to biodiesel and Hydrogen Energy utilization includes reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, economic independence by having distributed production and burning of biodiesel does not add extra CO/sub 2/ to the air that contributes global warming impacts. (author)

  10. 78 FR 56219 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... peacetime rotation force to support operational tempo goals of 1:2 for regular members of the Air Forces and... arranged through the Commission's staff. All contact information may be found in the FOR FURTHER... their oral statement in writing and submit with their registration. The Commission's staff will assign...

  11. Meeting the Needs of the Future Force: Transforming Air Support for the Unit of Action (United States)


    forces for the needs of the future. By the year 2010, the current Army organizational structure will be transformed into Units of Employment and Units...of Action. The purpose of this monograph was to test the hypothesis that the current air support system will meet the needs of the Future Force’s Unit

  12. The development of an air injection system for the forced response testing of axial compressors

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wegman, Erik J


    Full Text Available of ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Power for Land, Sea and Air: GT2013, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 3-7 June 2013 THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN AIR INJECTION SYSTEM FOR THE FORCED RESPONSE TESTING OF AXIAL COMPRESSORS E Wegman and G Snedden CSIR, Pretoria, South...

  13. Environmental Assessment for Tinker Aerospace Complex Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma (United States)


    meet the Air Force Legal Facilities Design Guide and has poor indoor air quality. There are problems with mold , wood rot and the building has...grass Sorghastrum nutans Western ironweed Vernonia baldwinii Johnson grass Sorghum halepense Little blue stem Schijzachyrium

  14. Characterization of High Altitude Turbulence for Air Force Platforms

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruggiero, Frank H; Werne, Joe; Mahalov, Alex; Nichols, Basil; Wroblewski, Donald E


    ...) on systems that operate at or propagate through those attitudes. Examples of systems affected by HAT include surveillance aircraft such as the U-2 and the unmanned Global Hawk, developing weapons systems such as the Airborne Laser (ABL...

  15. The Air Force and the War on Terror

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Byrge, Jr, Thomas A


    .... As relevant background, it examines the roots of terrorism, showing that the insurgency is global in character and that terrorist organizations are employing insurgency strategies, specifically those of Mao Tse-Tung...

  16. The Strengthening of the Colombian Air Force: An Effective Strategy on the Road to Negotiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janiel Melamed Visbal


    Full Text Available This article discusses how the strengthening of the Colombian Air Force since the beginning of the new millennium, resulted in the military weakening of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC-EP. These circumstances, along with the overall strengthening of the national security forces allowed to develop the proper conditions to initiate a set of peace talks between the most remarkable insurgent organization and the Colombian State, in very different conditions from previous experiences.

  17. The impact of international shipping on European air quality and climate forcing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    van Aardenne, J. [European Environment Agency (EEA), Copenhagen (Denmark); Colette, A. [INERIS (France); Degraeuwe, B.; de Vlieger, I. [VITO (Belgium); Hammingh, P. [PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Netherlands); Viana, M. [CSIC (Spain)


    This EEA Technical report provides an overview on the state of knowledge on the impact of international shipping in European waters to air quality and climate change. Based on literature review and model assessment studies information is provided on past and future emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases, monitoring of ship emissions, emission mitigation policies and impact on European air quality and radiative forcing. (Author)

  18. Charting a New Path: Modernizing the U.S. Air Force Fighter Pilots Career Development (United States)


    AU/ACSC/2015 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY CHARTING A NEW PATH: MODERNIZING THE U.S. AIR FORCE FIGHTER PILOT’S CAREER...the shoulders of its fighter pilots and their capabilities in combat. However, any romantic visions of fighter pilot life fall in stark contrast...overcame the ambiguous WO relationship , the USAF did not care to understand how to utilize FO technical skills within its existing culture. A WO program

  19. Strength Testing in the Air Force: Current Processes and Suggestions for Improvements (United States)


    Aircraft Hydraulic Systems 1C2X1 Combat Control 2A6X6 Aircraft Electrical and Environmental Systems 1C3X1 Command Post 2A7X1 Aircraft Metals...into a front-end-loader bucket or the back of a dump - truck . The work is highly repetitive and could last for hours. Overall, the comments indicate...Force Management Agency AFPC Air Force Personnel Center AFS Air Force Specialty AFU-AS A-10, F-15 & U-2 Avionics Systems AGE aircraft ground

  20. Challenges to United States Tactical Air Force Aircraft Maintenance Personnel: Past, Present and Future (United States)


    Orson Wells created a nationwide panic with his 30 October 1938 radio dramatization of War of the Worlds (8:445-446). 38 Status of the Force The years...15 years since the Air Force made that mdstake, and the next five years may tell how well the Air Force learned the lesson. The status of rise up elsewhere, espe- cially in the increasingly well -armed Third World. (2:40) What Now? A perceived change in the posture of our min

  1. Air Force Personnel Can Improve Compliance With the Berry Amendment and Buy American Act (United States)


    purchase football uniforms. Finding B 22 │ DODIG-2016-051 Deficiencies Could Result in Antideficiency Act Violations Air Force contracting personnel... Force Personnel Can Improve Compliance With the Berry Amendment and the Buy American Act F E B R U A R Y 2 4 , 2 0 1 6 Report No. DODIG-2016-051...of Defense F r a u d , W a s t e & A b u s e DODIG-2016-051 (Project No. D2015-D000CG-0188.000) │ i Results in Brief Air Force Personnel Can Improve

  2. Turning Point: Operation Allied Force and the Allure of Air Power (United States)


    Air Force Base in Nevada, from “a windowless bunker, lit by constantly flickering computer screens,” a Predator drone operator zoomed in on the...from the air 20 campaign.19 These imaging systems were susceptible to being fooled by Iraq’s use of decoys, camouflage , and digging in of the barrel of artillery tubes.331 Flying at 15,000 feet, pilots could not tell the difference. Camouflage also hindered air efforts. Many U.S

  3. Optimization Case Study: ISR Allocation in the Global Force Management Process (United States)


    CASE STUDY: ISR ALLOCATION IN THE GLOBAL FORCE MANAGEMENT PROCESS by Guillermo I. Carrillo September 2016 Thesis Advisor: Walter E. Owen...REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE OPTIMIZATION CASE STUDY: ISR ALLOCATION IN THE GLOBAL FORCE MANAGEMENT PROCESS 5...maximizes the distribution of a finite number of full motion video intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ( ISR ) assets to a prioritized list of

  4. Air Force Acquisition Logistics Division, its Creation and Role (United States)


    interview using unstrac- tured techniques. These deputies were: 1. Procurement and Production AFALD/PP 2. Acquisition Programs AFALD/SD 8 3. Acqusition ...Najor Malcolm. F., USAF. "AMC and A3C: An Argument for Merger ." Unpublished research report, ’xnnumbered Air Command and Staff College, Maxwell AIYB

  5. Air Force Civil Engineer, Winter 2001, Volume 9, Number 4 (United States)


    local community responded with gyms , high schools and fire departments providing use of their showers, and local hotels offering discounted rates with no...the different components. The TCPS is like a “Ziploc bag inside a tent, attached to an air conditioner on steroids ,” said TSgt Michael Biggerstaff

  6. The RMA and Air Force Roles, Missions, and Doctrine (United States)


    Clancy, Debt of Honor The latest techno- thriller from the master of the trade portrays a United States vulnerable to an attack aimed not at its key...called for air power to disrupt an enemy~ s observation-orientation-decision-action (OODA) loop, which would produce psychological incapacitation and

  7. Global source attribution of sulfate concentration and direct and indirect radiative forcing (United States)

    Yang, Yang; Wang, Hailong; Smith, Steven J.; Easter, Richard; Ma, Po-Lun; Qian, Yun; Yu, Hongbin; Li, Can; Rasch, Philip J.


    The global source-receptor relationships of sulfate concentrations, and direct and indirect radiative forcing (DRF and IRF) from 16 regions/sectors for years 2010-2014 are examined in this study through utilizing a sulfur source-tagging capability implemented in the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with winds nudged to reanalysis data. Sulfate concentrations are mostly contributed by local emissions in regions with high emissions, while over regions with relatively low SO2 emissions, the near-surface sulfate concentrations are primarily attributed to non-local sources from long-range transport. Regional source efficiencies of sulfate concentrations are higher over regions with dry atmospheric conditions and less export, suggesting that lifetime of aerosols, together with regional export, is important in determining regional air quality. The simulated global total sulfate DRF is -0.42 W m-2, with -0.31 W m-2 contributed by anthropogenic sulfate and -0.11 W m-2 contributed by natural sulfate, relative to a state with no sulfur emissions. In the Southern Hemisphere tropics, dimethyl sulfide (DMS) contributes 17-84 % to the total DRF. East Asia has the largest contribution of 20-30 % over the Northern Hemisphere mid- and high latitudes. A 20 % perturbation of sulfate and its precursor emissions gives a sulfate incremental IRF of -0.44 W m-2. DMS has the largest contribution, explaining -0.23 W m-2 of the global sulfate incremental IRF. Incremental IRF over regions in the Southern Hemisphere with low background aerosols is more sensitive to emission perturbation than that over the polluted Northern Hemisphere.

  8. The Career Job Reservation System. Is the Issuance System Best Serving the Needs of the Air Force? (United States)



  9. Global Response of Clear-Air Turbulence to Climate Change (United States)

    Storer, Luke N.; Williams, Paul D.; Joshi, Manoj M.


    Clear-air turbulence (CAT) is one of the largest causes of weather-related aviation incidents. Here we use climate model simulations to study the impact that climate change could have on global CAT by the period 2050-2080. We extend previous work by analyzing eight geographic regions, two flight levels, five turbulence strength categories, and four seasons. We find large relative increases in CAT, especially in the midlatitudes in both hemispheres, with some regions experiencing several hundred per cent more turbulence. The busiest international airspace experiences the largest increases, with the volume of severe CAT approximately doubling over North America, the North Pacific, and Europe. Over the North Atlantic, severe CAT in future becomes as common as moderate CAT historically. These results highlight the increasing need to improve operational CAT forecasts and to use them effectively in flight planning, to limit discomfort and injuries among passengers and crew.

  10. Air Emissions Guide for Air Force Mobile Sources: Methods for Estimating Emissions of Air Pollutants for Mobile Sources at U.S. Air Force Installations (United States)


    Emission Reduction Factors (FERFs) 12 Table 2-3. Average Sulfur Content of JP-8 17 Table 2-4. Default Time-in-Mode for Various Aircraft Categories 24...Average Fuel Density and Weight Percent Sulfur in Nonroad Fuels 82 Table 3-3. Military Aircraft and GSE Assignments 87 Table 3-4. Military Aircraft...hp Horse Power hr Hour(s) viii HVAC Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning HVLP High Volume Low Pressure HVOF High Velocity Oxy-Fuel IC

  11. REDD+ and the global economy; Competing forces and policy options

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pacheco, P.; Putzel, L.; Obidzinski, K.; Schoneveld, G.C.


    The challenges of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while feeding a growing population and meeting global demand for fibre and energy, are attracting increasing attention (Kissinger 2011; Wollenberg et al. 2011). This chapter presents an overview of current trade and investment-related

  12. Holocaust Education: Global Forces Shaping Curricula Integration and Implementation (United States)

    Davis, Bryan L.; Rubinstein-Avila, Eliane


    The article provides a critical review of the global scholarship on Holocaust education (HE). Despite the growing body of work on this topic, a search through major academic databases by the authors revealed that no such review of the research literature has been published as of yet. The review focuses on three main themes across the research…

  13. Evaluation of Sulfide Control by Air-Injection in Sewer Force Mains: Field and Laboratory Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan T. García


    Full Text Available Chemical and biological processes consume dissolved oxygen (DO in urban wastewater during transportation along sewer systems. Anaerobic conditions (DO < 0.2 mg/L are easily reached, leading to sulfide (S2− generation. Release of free sulfide, hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S, from the liquid to the gaseous phase, causes odor, corrosion of pipes and supposes a risk for health of people working in sewers. These issues get worse in force mains, due to inability to take oxygen from the gaseous phase of pipe. Air injection is a suggested practice to control H2S emission in force mains. That technique aims to keep aerobic conditions in wastewater in order to avoid sulfide generation and favor a decrease of Biochemical Organic Demand (BOD. However, several force mains with air injection are not achieving their goals due to a limited oxygen transfer. Field measurements of dissolved oxygen in urban wastewater are presented in an existing force main with air injection during the summer of 2014 in the southeast of Spain. A laboratory scale model is constructed to quantify two-phase flow conditions in pipe due to air injection for different incoming flows rates of water and air. Particularly, for the case of plug flow, also known as elongated bubble flow. Velocity field measurement of water phase in laboratory allows estimating turbulent diffusivity of oxygen in the water, Em, and inter-phase mass transfer coefficient KL(T. In the laboratory, flow and air depth, bubble length, water velocity field, pressure inside force main and water and airflow rates are determined experimentally. These variables are used to assess DO in water phase of force main by comparison with those obtained from field measurements. This work allows assessing air injection efficiency in wastewater, and, therefore, to predict DO in wastewater in force mains.

  14. Environmental Assessment for the Routine and Recurring Realignment of Units and Personnel at Edwards Air Force Base, California (United States)


    The Air Force analyzed the following environmental issues and concerns: Air Quality, Biological Resources, Cultura l Resources, Noise and Vibration...Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan MDAQMD Mojave Desert Air Quality Management District NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standard NASA National...10 microns in diameter RAMP Radon Assessment and Mitigation Program RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act SAAQ State Ambient Air Quality

  15. Air pollution and ecology. From local to global impacts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fenger, J. [National Institute of Environmental Research, Dept. of Atmospheric Environment, Roskilde (Denmark)


    Human impact on nature is increasing - not only in magnitude, but also in geographical scale. It has been known for centuries, that vegetation does not thrive near air pollution sources, but it was not before after the Second World War that the importance of long range transport of pollutants was realized - first for sulphur and nitrogen compounds, later for photochemical oxidants. The results have been acidification of rivers and lakes, forest dieback and eutrophication of inner waters. In recent decades the attention has been focused on global effects: Ozone depletion and increased greenhouse effect. Here air pollution threatens to alter the conditions of life on the entire Earth. In the political and public debate - and sometimes in science as well - the problems are treated separately. Since however, the basic phenomena all take place in the same atmosphere, they are more or less interrelated. Also the environmental effects must be considered a result of a complex impact. This complexity should be taken into account in the planning of an effective abatement strategy. (au) 11 refs.

  16. Air pollution and ecology. From local to global impacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fenger, J.


    Human impact on nature is increasing - not only in magnitude, but also in geographical scale. It has been known for centuries, that vegetation does not thrive near air pollution sources, but it was not before after the Second World War that the importance of long range transport of pollutants was realized - first for sulphur and nitrogen compounds, later for photochemical oxidants. The results have been acidification of rivers and lakes, forest dieback and eutrophication of inner waters. In recent decades the attention has been focused on global effects: Ozone depletion and increased greenhouse effect. Here air pollution threatens to alter the conditions of life on the entire Earth. In the political and public debate - and sometimes in science as well - the problems are treated separately. Since however, the basic phenomena all take place in the same atmosphere, they are more or less interrelated. Also the environmental effects must be considered a result of a complex impact. This complexity should be taken into account in the planning of an effective abatement strategy. (au) 11 refs

  17. EDITORIAL: Global impacts of particulate matter air pollution (United States)

    Bell, Michelle L.; Holloway, Tracey


    sulfate aerosol exposure (both domestically and on downwind continents), while presenting a new metric to quantify the impact of distance on health-relevant exposure: the 'influence potential'. Extending the scope of aerosol impacts from health to climate, Bond outlines the barriers to including aerosols in climate agreements, and proposes solutions to facilitate the integration of this key climate species in a policy context. Together, the articles scope out the state-of-the-science with respect to key issues in international air pollution. All four studies advance understanding the human health implications of air pollution, by drawing from worldwide data sources and considering a global perspective on key processes and impacts. To extend exposure estimates, like those of van Vliet and Kinney or Liu and Mauzerall, and to evaluate the induced physiological response of PM exposure, typically existing dose response relationships are applied. Unfortunately, the common practice of applying health response estimates from one location to another is problematic. In addition to potential differences in the chemical composition of particles, the underlying populations may differ with respect to their baseline health status, occupational exposures, age and gender distribution, and behavioral factors such as nutrition and smoking habits. Health response to a given stressor is affected by the quality of and access to health care, which varies widely, and can be almost non-existent in some regions of developing countries. Further, exposure to ambient PM is affected by the relative fraction of time spent in different settings (e.g., work, home, outside, in transit), the activities that affect ventilation rate (e.g., exercising heavily versus sitting still), and housing characteristics that alter the penetration of outdoor particles into indoor environments (e.g., housing materials, windows, air conditioning). To make the most of exposure estimates, the 'missing link' is the

  18. Unified force and its relation with global warming crave for hydrogen energy and promote fuel cell technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Krishnan, K.J.; Kalam, A.


    Global warming is presently a tremendous public interest and has become a threat to every individual. Huge quantities of CO/sub 2/ are emitted to the atmosphere by burning of fossil fuels to produce electricity in power plants and burning of gasoline in aeroplanes and vehicles. Enormous amount of greenhouse gasses are sent into the air when garbage is burnt in landfills. Cutting down of trees and other plants which collect CO/sub 2/ a greenhouse gas which is inhaled and which gives back oxygen which is exhaled makes global warming worse. 'Self-Compressive Surrounding Pressure Force' which is also known as Unified Force is also related with global warming which is proportional to increase of H/sub 2/O level in sea and causes floods, storms, droughts and severe impacts to the environment and society. In order to better understand global warming and its relation with Unified Force, this paper discusses the cause and effect system on the amount of greenhouse gases emitted to the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels and also the other green house gases like CH/sub 4/, water vapour, NOx etc. and emphasis its importance to focus on crave for Hydrogen Energy and to promote Fuel Cell technology to keep the earth green and safer from the impacts of global warming. The benefit of switching from fossil fuels to Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cell technology reduces the impact of global warming, elimination of pollution caused by fossil fuels and greenhouse gases, economic dependence and distributed production. (author)

  19. Integrating Women into Previously All Male Air Force Units. (United States)


    structure and anomie ." In Social Theory and Social Structure. Glencoe, IL: Free Press. Minnigerode, Fred A. 1976 "Attitudes toward women, sex role...learning and reinforcement theory where clear distinctions are made in terms of the quality and quantity of learning which take place in conditions...females. Thus, these young men become more willing to attribute life events to forces beyond their control and if Rotter’s theory is correct they also

  20. Capital Improvement Program Environmental Assessment, Dyess Air Force Base, Texas (United States)


    logistics readiness, and security forces. The 7th Medical Group is comprised of medical support, aeromedical/ dental , and medical operations...Medical Group. Dyess AFB has a medical clinic and dental clinic. The medical clinic does not provide emergency services. Medical emergencies are...Dyess 2005b). The most abundant types of hazardous wastes at Dyess AFB are jet wash wastes, sealants and adhesives, epoxy resins, paints and

  1. Deliberate Force. A Case Study in Effective Air Campaigning (United States)


    ATMs as gospel , therefore limiting the unit’s ability to determine the most appropriate munitions for the assigned target. But the CAOC did not al...relating to Bosnia- Herzegovina. Consequently, any full analysis of ROE for Delib- erate Force must begin with an examination of the genesis and... Matthew . Dr. Karl Mueller is assistant professor of comparative military studies at the School of Advanced Airpower Studies, Maxwell AFB, Alabama

  2. Motivation a Necessary Personnel Management Tool in the Air Force. (United States)


    psychologists has written on the subject of job motivation. Some greats such as Abraham H. Maslow, Douglas McGregor, and Frederick Herzberg have become... Frederick Herzberg , Instructor 7. Herzberg , Frederick . Work and the Nature of Man. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company, 1966 8. Air Command and Staff...Individuals , such as Maslow, McGregor, Herzberg , Likert, Vroom, Argyris, and others tried to formulate theories to "explain the complex behavior of

  3. The United States Air Force Academy: A Bibliography 1954 - 1964 (United States)


    August 1958. 498 Stringer, Roger. " Pro Nobis Astra" (Class of 󈨁 selects its ring), Talon 5;5, May 1960. 499 Trotogott, Pete. Cadet...relate to establishing an air academy. These are not included since they have no specific bearing on the Academy as it now exists. The Library staff...Talbott on plans for Acad, press conf; holds it most important USAF pro - ject; Supt Harmon comments on curriculum, NY Times 4:7, 8 January 1955. 70

  4. Air Force Laboratory’s 2005 Technology Milestones (United States)


    at Fort McCoy, Wisconsin, and the fixed concrete and asphalt runway at Volk Field Air National Guard Base, Wisconsin. AFRL engineers wanted to...of a polymer process to manufacture patterns for investment castings to replace wax in the lost-wax process. Maverick Corporation (Blue Ash , Ohio) and...the system as resources (or files) that they can group and organize into collections (or folders ). The second primary feature is a server-based data

  5. Joining Forces: Preparing to Fight Coalition Air War (United States)


    social upheaval within Austria, severely weakened the Alliance.30 Second, the Germans were frequently overbearing. Such hubris caused resentment among...notes, “Air power is an unusually seductive form of military strength, in part because, like modern courtship, it appears to offer gratification without...coalition processes illustrated by the difficulties in both sharing operational information and using the media to strategic advantage. Predominantly

  6. Pollution Prevention in Air Force System Acquisition Programs (United States)


    entire policy sector, spanning federal to local levels . A policy sector usually consists of a collection of many diverse governments, bureaucracies , courts...examine the variety of actors actually and potentially involved in addressing it; 2) street - level implementators are always important to implementation...34Implementing Pollution Prevention: Incentives and Irrationalities." J Air & Waste Management Association, 40, no. 9 (September 1990): 1227-1231. Lipsky , Michael

  7. Achieving the Air Force’s Energy Vision (United States)


    utilizing only the electric system. These efforts illustrate the growing interest in applying hybrid- electric technology to air and space systems... illustrate methods either to decrease fuel demand or to increase its supply. In one very successful study, Maj Phil Morrison, a recent graduate of...Symposium, Dayton, OH, 27 October 2009). 19. Lewis, “Military Aviation Goes Green,” 24. 20. Beatriz Rodriquez and Thomas M. Bartsch , “The United

  8. Environmental Assessment Proposed Demolition Plan Hill Air Force Base, Utah (United States)


    Administrative Code UDAQ Utah Department of Air Quality UDEQ Utah Department of Environmental Quality UPDES Utah Pollutant Discharge Elimination System...storm water is discharged into a collection point then drained off base. Hill AFB does not have a Utah Pollutant Discharge Elimination System ( UPDES accept friable asbestos. Loose flakes of LBP (confirmed to contain lead by on-site inspections using a portable X -ray fluorescence analyzer

  9. Airpower Lessons for an Air Force Cyber Power Targeting Theory (United States)


    has morphed into the cyber realm—the realm of bits and bytes traveling through multiple conduits to affect in peace, and presumably in war, nearly...on the path the USAF intended it to travel ? Comments by the Air Force’s current chief of staff, Gen Mark A. Welsh III, project a sense of caution as...flight, the United States took a leisurely approach to developing and exploiting military applications of aircraft. By 1907 the US Army established

  10. Finger Flexor Force Influences Performance in Senior Male Air Pistol Olympic Shooting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mon

    Full Text Available The ability to stabilize the gun is crucial for performance in Olympic pistol shooting and is thought to be related to the shooters muscular strength. The present study examines the relation between performance and finger flexor force as well as shoulder abduction isometric force in senior male air pistol shooting. 46 Spanish national level shooters served as test subjects of the study. Two maximal force tests were carried out recording handgrip and deltoid force data under competition conditions, during the official training time at national Spanish championships. Performance was measured as the total score of 60 shots at competition. Linear regressions were calculated to examine the relations between performance and peak and average finger flexor forces, peak and average finger flexor forces relative to the BMI, peak and average shoulder abduction isometric forces, peak shoulder abduction isometric force relative to the BMI. The connection between performance and other variables such as age, weight, height, BMI, experience in years and training hours per week was also analyzed. Significant correlations were found between performance at competition and average and peak finger flexor forces. For the rest of the force variables no significant correlations were found. Significant correlations were also found between performance at competition and experience as well as training hours. No significant correlations were found between performance and age, weight, height or BMI. The study concludes that hand grip strength training programs are necessary for performance in air pistol shooting.

  11. Air Force and the Cyberspace Mission: Defending the Air Force’s Computer Network in the Future (United States)


    the Center for Strategy and Technology, Air War College, 325 Chennault Circle, Maxwell AFB, AL 36112, or on the CSAT website at customer . Perhaps the software was created in another country in Asia, such as India, the leading software manufacturer in the world. Microsoft

  12. Comparison of boundary conditions from Global Chemistry Model (GCM) for regional air quality application (United States)

    Lam, Yun Fat; Cheung, Hung Ming; Fu, Joshua; Huang, Kan


    Applying Global Chemistry Model (GCM) for regional Boundary Conditions (BC) has become a common practice to account for long-range transport of air pollutants in the regional air quality modeling. The limited domain model such as CMAQ and CAMx requires a global BC to prescribe the real-time chemical flux at the boundary grids, in order to give a realistic estimate of boundary impacts. Several GCMs have become available recently for use in regional air quality studies. In this study, three GCM models (i.e., GEOS-chem, CHASER and IFS-CB05 MACC provided by Seoul National University, Nagoya University and ECWMF, respectively) for the year of 2010 were applied in CMAQ for the East Asia domain under the framework of Model Inter-comparison Study Asia Phase III (MISC-Asia III) and task force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution (HTAP) jointed experiments. Model performance evaluations on vertical profile and spatial distribution of O3 and PM2.5 have been made on those three models to better understand the model uncertainties from the boundary conditions. Individual analyses on various mega-cities (i.e., Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Taipei, Chongqing, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Seoul and Tokyo) were also performed. Our analysis found that the monthly estimates of O3 for CHASER were a bit higher than GEOS-Chem and IFS-CB05 MACC, particularly in the northern part of China in the winter and spring, while the monthly averages of PM2.5 in GEOS-Chem were the lowest among the three models. The hourly maximum values of PM2.5 from those three models (GEOS-Chem, CHASER and IFS-CB05 MACC are 450, 321, 331 μg/m3, while the maximum O3 are 158, 212, 380 ppbv, respectively. Cross-comparison of CMAQ results from the 45 km resolution were also made to investigate the boundary impacts from the global GCMs. The results presented here provide insight on how global GCM selection influences the regional air quality simulation in East Asia.

  13. Assessing the Global Climate Response to Freshwater Forcing from the Antarctic Ice Sheet Under Future Climate Scenarios (United States)

    Rogstad, S.; Condron, A.; DeConto, R.; Pollard, D.


    Observational evidence indicates that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) is losing mass at an accelerating rate. Impacts to global climate resulting from changing ocean circulation patterns due to increased freshwater runoff from Antarctica in the future could have significant implications for global heat transport, but to-date this topic has not been investigated using complex numerical models with realistic freshwater forcing. Here, we present results from a high resolution fully coupled ocean-atmosphere model (CESM 1.2) forced with runoff from Antarctica prescribed from a high resolution regional ice sheet-ice shelf model. Results from the regional simulations indicate a potential freshwater contribution from Antarctica of up to 1 m equivalent sea level rise by the end of the century under RCP 8.5 indicating that a substantial input of freshwater into the Southern Ocean is possible. Our high resolution global simulations were performed under IPCC future climate scenarios RCP 4.5 and 8.5. We will present results showing the impact of WAIS collapse on global ocean circulation, sea ice, air temperature, and salinity in order to assess the potential for abrupt climate change triggered by WAIS collapse.

  14. Impact of climate forcing uncertainty and human water use on global and continental water balance components

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Müller Schmied


    Full Text Available The assessment of water balance components using global hydrological models is subject to climate forcing uncertainty as well as to an increasing intensity of human water use within the 20th century. The uncertainty of five state-of-the-art climate forcings and the resulting range of cell runoff that is simulated by the global hydrological model WaterGAP is presented. On the global land surface, about 62 % of precipitation evapotranspires, whereas 38 % discharges into oceans and inland sinks. During 1971–2000, evapotranspiration due to human water use amounted to almost 1 % of precipitation, while this anthropogenic water flow increased by a factor of approximately 5 between 1901 and 2010. Deviation of estimated global discharge from the ensemble mean due to climate forcing uncertainty is approximately 4 %. Precipitation uncertainty is the most important reason for the uncertainty of discharge and evapotranspiration, followed by shortwave downward radiation. At continental levels, deviations of water balance components due to uncertain climate forcing are higher, with the highest discharge deviations occurring for river discharge in Africa (−6 to 11 % from the ensemble mean. Uncertain climate forcings also affect the estimation of irrigation water use and thus the estimated human impact of river discharge. The uncertainty range of global irrigation water consumption amounts to approximately 50 % of the global sum of water consumption in the other water use sector.

  15. Environmental Assessment For the Expansion and Relocation of the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Preliminary Course to Sheppard Air Force Base, Texas (United States)


    ADA Americans with Disabilities Act ADSL Average Daily Student Load AETC Air Education Training Command AFB Air Force Base AFI Air Force...capacity (i.e., billeting and dining facilities) to handle the increased average daily student load ( ADSL ) that would result from extension of the course

  16. Air Force Health Study. An Epidemiologic Investigation of Health Effects in Air Force Personnel Following Exposure to Herbicides. Volume 3 (United States)


    LABORATORY HU" MAN SYSTEMS DIVISION (AFSC) Brooks Air Forcc, Texas 7,235 I n TABLE OF CONTENTS VOLUME III PAGE 8. NEUROLOGICAL the Scripps Clinic and Research Foundation (SCRF). To enhance the comparability, the longitudinal assessment contrasted differences between the... libido in many of the workers with chloracne. Most of these symptoms resolved over a 4-year period (3, 4). Two fodowup szudies of expanded plant

  17. Weberian versus Pluralistic Legal Forces in the Global Political Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkmar Gessner


    Full Text Available This picture supports a view that modernization processes lead naturally to legal structures similar to what can be observed in Western societies and that also global structures will emerge on the same model. Together with modernization theory another prominent theory often alluded to as justification for legalization is Institutional Economics where rules and institutions are considered mechanisms for effective transaction costs avoidance. My earlier publications compare these and other approaches for explaining the role of law in the economy. A third theory is Max Weber’s legal rationalization, an evolutionary process running from traditional irrational forms to formal, bureaucratic forms of legal domination. Weber’s view that legal rationalization is our “fate” and informal rules and institutions are necessarily outdated will be reconsidered from a historical perspective and confronted with empirical data gathered in the area of the governance of global business transactions. This article will attempt to show that although Weber’s influential approach still helps to explain much of what occurs in domestic models of capitalism it doesn’t seem to grasp the growing complexities of globalized capitalism. Este análisis apoya la opinión de que los procesos de modernización conducen naturalmente a las estructuras jurídicas similares a lo que se observa en las sociedades occidentales y que también las estructuras globales surgirán en el mismo modelo. Junto con la teoría de la modernización, otra teoría prominente a menudo aludida como justificación para la legalización es la Economía Institucional, donde las reglas y las instituciones se consideran mecanismos para evitar los costos de transacción de efectivo. Las publicaciones anteriores del autor comparan estos y otros enfoques para explicar el papel de la ley en la economía. Una tercera teoría es la racionalización jurídica de Max Weber, un proceso evolutivo que va

  18. On the global attractor of 2D incompressible turbulence with random forcing (United States)

    Emami, Pedram; Bowman, John C.


    This study revisits bounds on the projection of the global attractor in the energy-enstrophy plane for 2D incompressible turbulence [Dascaliuc, Foias, and Jolly, 2005, 2010]. In addition to providing more elegant proofs of some of the required nonlinear identities, the treatment is extended from the case of constant forcing to the more realistic case of random forcing. Numerical simulations in particular often use a stochastic white-noise forcing to achieve a prescribed mean energy injection rate. The analytical bounds are demonstrated numerically for the case of white-noise forcing.

  19. The Air Force Air Program and Information Management System (APIMS): A flexible tool for managing your Title V Operating Permits

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weston, A.A.; Gordon, S.R.


    The Air Force Command Core System (CCS) is an integrated, activity-based risk management system designed to support the information needs of Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health (ESOH) professionals. These professionals are responsible for managing a complex and often dynamic set of requirements, and therefore, have a need for an information system that can readily be customized to meet their specific needs. This dynamic environment also drives the need for flexibility in the system. The Air Program Information Management System (APIMS) is a module within CCS designed to not only manage permit compliance and emission inventories, but also support the monitoring, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements related to air quality issues. This paper will describe the underlying foundation of CCS, the information linkages within the database, and then summarize the functionality available within the APIMS module to support the Air Quality Managers' information needs, placing emphasis on the flexibility the system provides to manage Title V Operating Permits.

  20. Experimental measurement of fluid force coefficients for helical tube arrays in air cross flow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shen Shifang; Liu Reilan


    A helical coil steam generator is extensively used in the High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactor (HTGCR) and Sodium Cooled Reactor (SCR) nuclear power stations because of its compact structure, good heat-exchange, and small volume. The experimental model is established by the structure parameter of 200MW HTGCR. The fluid elastic instability of helical tube arrays in air cross flow is studied in this experiment, and the fluid force coefficients of helical tube arrays having the same notational direction of two adjacent layers in air cross flow are obtained. As compared to the fluid force coefficients of cylinder tube arrays, the fluid force coefficients of helical tube arrays are smaller in the low velocity area, and greater in the high velocity area. The experimental results help the study of the dynamic characteristics of helical tube arrays in air cross flow

  1. Comparison of resistive heating and forced-air warming to prevent inadvertent perioperative hypothermia. (United States)

    John, M; Crook, D; Dasari, K; Eljelani, F; El-Haboby, A; Harper, C M


    Forced-air warming is a commonly used warming modality, which has been shown to reduce the incidence of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (heating mattresses offer a potentially cheaper alternative, however, and one of the research recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence was to evaluate such devices formally. We conducted a randomized single-blinded study comparing perioperative hypothermia in patients receiving resistive heating or forced-air warming. A total of 160 patients undergoing non-emergency surgery were recruited and randomly allocated to receive either forced-air warming (n=78) or resistive heating (n=82) in the perioperative period. Patient core temperatures were monitored after induction of anaesthesia until the end of surgery and in the recovery room. Our primary outcome measures included the final intraoperative temperature and incidence of hypothermia at the end of surgery. There was a significantly higher rate of hypothermia at the end of surgery in the resistive heating group compared with the forced-air warming group (P=0.017). Final intraoperative temperatures were also significantly lower in the resistive heating group (35.9 compared with 36.1°C, P=0.029). Hypothermia at the end of surgery in both warming groups was common (36% forced air warming, 54% resistive heating). Our results suggest that forced-air warming is more effective than resistive heating in preventing postoperative hypothermia. NCT01056991. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:

  2. A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rao, Shilpa; Klimont, Zbigniew; Leitao, Joana; Riahi, Keywan; van Dingenen, Rita; Reis, Lara Aleluia; Calvin, Katherine; Dentener, Frank; Drouet, Laurent; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Harmsen, Mathijs; Luderer, Gunnar; Heyes, Chris; Strefler, Jessica; Tavoni, Massimo; van Vuuren, Detlef P.


    The recent International Panel on Climate change (IPCC) report identifies significant co-benefits from climate policies on near-term ambient air pollution and related human health outcomes [1]. This is increasingly relevant for policy making as the health impacts of air pollution are a major global concern- the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study identifies outdoor air pollution as the sixth major cause of death globally [2]. Integrated assessment models (IAMs) are an effective tool to evaluate future air pollution outcomes across a wide range of assumptions on socio-economic development and policy regimes. The Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) [3] were the first set of long-term global scenarios developed across multiple integrated assessment models that provided detailed estimates of a number of air pollutants until 2100. However these scenarios were primarily designed to cover a defined range of radiative forcing outcomes and thus did not specifically focus on the interactions of long-term climate goals on near-term air pollution impacts. More recently, [4] used the RCP4.5 scenario to evaluate the co-benefits of global GHG reductions on air quality and human health in 2030. [5-7] have further examined the interactions of more diverse pollution control regimes with climate policies. This paper extends the listed studies in a number of ways. Firstly it uses multiple IAMs to look into the co-benefits of a global climate policy for ambient air pollution under harmonized assumptions on near-term air pollution control. Multi-model frameworks have been extensively used in the analysis of climate change mitigation pathways, and the structural uncertainties regarding the underlying mechanisms (see for example [8-10]. This is to our knowledge the first time that a multi-model evaluation has been specifically designed and applied to analyze the co-benefits of climate change policy on ambient air quality, thus enabling a better understanding of at a detailed

  3. The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center: Global Emerging Infections Surveillance & Response System, FY 2010 (United States)


    Paraguay, Venezuela, and Colombia . The NAMRU-6 and GEIS partnership began in 1999 US AIR FORCE SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE (USAFSAM), SAN ANTONIO...discovery) • Examine the effectiveness of non- pharmaceutical interventions (e.g. temperature screening, hand-washing, cohorting, environmental/air...2009. 4. Abdel Maksoud M, Abdel Rahman B, Wasfy M, Earhart K, House B, Pimentel G, El Said M, and Dueger E. In Vitro Antibiotic Susceptibility Profiles

  4. Test Area C-74 Complex Final Range Environmental Assessment at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida (United States)


    testing category (U.S. Air Force, 2007). Kinetic Energy Munitions Facility (KEMTF) The KEMTF is a 2,000-foot, dual rail sled track inclined to 0.6...KEMTF. After the munitions impact with the reusable wall, the wall can be removed and a new concrete wall can be welded into place (U.S. Air Force...dual- rail sled track. The downrange impact/recovery area consists of about 773 acres of maintained grassland, a 4-acre pond, and 83 acres in riparian

  5. Going for Gold: A Path Toward Petroleum-Independence in the 2030 Air Force (United States)


    other terms: 1.5 Nt/Tex or 450,000 psi and with fracture toughness that is higher than aramids (such as Kevlar® or Twaron®). Our CNT sheets have...and Haltli, ―Potential Impact of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Composites,‖ 1-4. 94 Air Force Fact Sheet, ―F-22 Raptor ,‖ (accessed 9 December 2010). Air Force Fact Sheet. ―F-22 Raptor .‖

  6. Cyber Practices: What Can the U.S. Air Force Learn from the Commercial Sector? (United States)


    different groups? • Should employees follow standard procedures or be granted more autonomy ? 48 To...Emphasized in InfoSec We heard in many interviews that there is a strong emphasis on creativity and critical thinking skills in InfoSec. Such autonomy is...Force Personnel Center data; see Air Force Personnel Center, 2014. 81 David H. Tobey, and Portia Pusey, and Diana L. Burley, “Engaging Learners in

  7. Trusted Care In The Air Force Medical Service: Practical Recommendations For Transformation (United States)


    in the U.S. Air Force Dental Corps. As a dental officer, he completed his residency in periodontics in 2006 at The University of Texas Health...Force Academy, followed by a position on the teaching staff at the periodontics residency at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland. Prior to his current...Implementing and Validating a Comprehensive Unit-Based Safety Program.” Journal of Patient Safety 1 (2005): 33-40. Cited by: Pronovost, Peter J

  8. Environmental Assessment of Perimeter Road Maintenance at Buckley Air Force Base, Colorado (United States)


    supports 2,712 active- duty personnel, 1,716 Air Force Reserves, 2,497 Air/Army/Navy/Marine Reserves, and 2,811 contract and private citizens ( Spann ...retirees ( Spann 2006). The Buckley AFB perimeter road follows the boundary fence and the condition of the road varies with the location. The road is...2,811 contract and private citizens ( Spann 2006). In addition, the installation serves approximately 16,363 military dependents and 77,000 retirees

  9. Environmental Assessment for Developing Renewable Energy Enhanced Use Lease Facilities at Robins Air Force Base (United States)


    PV facilities would have insignificant adverse cumulative impacts on topography, surface waters, soils , air quality, noise, Final ‐ Environmental...development of the solar PV array. Final ‐ Environmental Assessment  Renewable  Energy  EUL Facilities at Robins AFB  December 2013 iv CONTENTS... shading .  Land Availability - The renewable energy site considered must be comprised of at least 50 acres of contiguous, non-excess, Air Force

  10. United States Air Force Graduate Student Research Program. Program Technical rept. Volume 1. (United States)


    Geophysics Univ. of Alaska - Fairbanks Assigned: Air Force Geophysics Lab. P 0 Box 83328 Fairbanks, AK 99708 (907) 479-5866 Christopher G. Kocher...Assigned: Flight Dynamics Laboratory 205 Dresser Laboratory 2015 Neil Avenue Columbus, OH 43210-1272 (614) 292-2572 xi Lisa F. Weinstein Degree: M.A...Propagation Oregon Inst. of Technology Assigned: Rome Air Development Center 3201 Campus Drive Klamath Falls, OR 97601-8801 (503) 882-6890 Christopher

  11. Air Force-Wide Needs for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Academic Degrees (United States)


    anthropology (0190), mathematical statistics (1529), general math (AFIT faculty only), metallurgy (1321), and actuarial science (1510). 97 Tier II. Few...linking or frEE DownloAD At C O R P O R A T I O N Research Report Air Force–Wide Needs for Science , Technology, Engineering, and...00-00-2014 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Air Force-Wide Needs for Science , Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Academic Degrees 5a. CONTRACT

  12. Final A Street Pond Expansion Environmental Assessment at Beale Air Force Base, California (United States)


    EUCALYPTUS STANDS OTHER SEASONAL WETLAND PERMANENT MARSH RIPARIAN WETLANDS SEASONAL SWALE VERNAL POOL 0 1 20.5 Miles Figure 3-1 Habitat Communities Beale Air...Part B permit. Contaminated soil was identified and removed from the site. Soil vapor extraction and bioventing systems were installed within this...daytime 40 Quiet urban night time 30 Quiet rural night time 20 Rustling leaves 10 Mosquito at 3 feet Beale Air Force Base Final A Street Pond

  13. Combat Support Execution Planning and Control: An Assessment of Initial Implementations in Air Force Exercises (United States)


    Forces in Europe UTASC USAFE Theater Aerospace Support Center UTC unit type code WPC Warfighter Preparation Center XML Extensible Markup Language 1...developed and run by the Warfighter Preparation Center ( WPC ) facility at Einsedlerhof Air Station near Ramstein Air Base (AB), Germany, which is jointly...simulated by the WPC . The training audience consisted of the JFACC and staff, AFFOR staff, AOC, and the AFEUR.12 Because of this level of participa- tion

  14. The Air Force Needs to Improve Cost-Effectiveness and Availability of the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (Redacted) (United States)


    the Freedom of Information Act. The Air Force Needs to Improve Cost -Effectiveness and Availability of the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar... Target Attack Radar System Objective We determined whether the Air Force made cost -effective purchases on the performance-based logistics contract to...0263.000) Results in Brief The Air Force Needs to Improve Cost -Effectiveness and Availability of the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System

  15. Chemical activity induces dynamical force with global structure in a reaction-diffusion-convection system. (United States)

    Mahara, Hitoshi; Okada, Koichi; Nomura, Atsushi; Miike, Hidetoshi; Sakurai, Tatsunari


    We found a rotating global structure induced by the dynamical force of local chemical activity in a thin solution layer of excitable Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction coupled with diffusion. The surface flow and deformation associated with chemical spiral waves (wavelength about 1 mm) represents a global unidirectional structure and a global tilt in the entire Petri dish (100 mm in diameter), respectively. For these observations, we scanned the condition of hierarchal pattern selection. From this result, the bromomalonic acid has an important role to induce the rotating global structure. An interaction between a reaction-diffusion process and a surface-tension-driven effect leads to such hierarchal pattern with different scales.

  16. Complex Adaptive Systems and the Development of Force Structures for the United States Air Force (United States)


    increased speed in a predator may make evasion a less attractive strategy for a prey species, leading to selection forces emphasizing camouflage . A...change in the predator alters the characterization of fitness for the prey. This development of camouflage may, in turn, elevate the importance army_uav_hack_122009w. 64. Scott Peterson, “Exclusive: Iran Hijacked US Drone , Says Iranian Engineer,” Christian

  17. Fixing the DOTMLPF Handicap: Effectively Integrating the Conventional Combat Air Force Into Special Operations Forces Missions (United States)


    conventional aircrews pierce the veil of secrecy and truly learn about the SOF missions, capabilities, and limitations. These select aviators then walk...the main things gained through “The Basic School” is an understanding of capabilities and limitations of the infantry. Covered by a veil of secrecy...Maneuver Capability Through Greater Air-Ground Joint Interdependence. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation , 2009. Kirmis, Lt Col Paul D., Director of

  18. The Twelfth US Air Force. Tactical and Operational Innovations in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations, 1943-1944

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    St. Clair, Matthew G


    This paper analyzes the participation of the US Twelfth Air Force in the Mediterranean theater of operation from 1943 to 1944 and also studies the coalition and joint operations required in the air campaign...

  19. Project CHECO Southeast Asia Report. Organization, Mission and Growth of the Vietnamese Air Force 1949-1968

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jones, Jr, Oakah L


    This report presents an historical summary of the Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) from its initial formation under the French following World War II through its establishment as an independent air arm in 1955 to its present (mid-1968) status...

  20. Agile Combat Support Doctrine and Logistics Officer Training: Do We Need an Integrated Logistics School for the Expenditionary Air Force

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hall, J


    .... This research examines the evolution of Air Force logistics doctrine, the linkage between doctrine, strategy, tactics, and training programs, and the corresponding application of logistics employment...

  1. Bimodal atomic force microscopy imaging of isolated antibodies in air and liquids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MartInez, N F; Lozano, J R; Herruzo, E T; Garcia, F; Garcia, R [Instituto de Microelectronica de Madrid, CSIC, Isaac Newton 8, 28760 Tres Cantos, Madrid (Spain); Richter, C; Sulzbach, T [NanoWorld Services GmbH, Schottkystrasse 10, 91058 Erlangen (Germany)], E-mail:


    We have developed a dynamic atomic force microscopy (AFM) method based on the simultaneous excitation of the first two flexural modes of the cantilever. The instrument, called a bimodal atomic force microscope, allows us to resolve the structural components of antibodies in both monomer and pentameric forms. The instrument operates in both high and low quality factor environments, i.e., air and liquids. We show that under the same experimental conditions, bimodal AFM is more sensitive to compositional changes than amplitude modulation AFM. By using theoretical and numerical methods, we study the material contrast sensitivity as well as the forces applied on the sample during bimodal AFM operation.

  2. George Catlett Marshall, Father of the United States Air Force: His Contributions to Air Power

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Pecoraro, Robert


    .... Although MarshaJl began learning about airpower in 1907 and continued through the First World War and interwar years, it is because of his vast contributions to air development from 1938 to 1945...

  3. Modernizing the Mobility Air Force for Tomorrow’s Air Traffic Management System (United States)


    Decision Support System GLONASS Global’naya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema [Global Navigation Satellite System] GPS Global Positioning System HF high...approach capabilities allow pilots to fly without visual reference to the ground down to various altitudes while land- ing. They thus allow pilots to

  4. Global periodic attractor for strongly damped wave equations with time-periodic driving force

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Hongyan; Zhou Shengfan; Yin Fuqi


    In this paper, we consider the existence of a global periodic attractor for a strongly damped nonlinear wave equation with time-periodic driving force under homogeneous Dirichlet boundary condition. It is proved that in certain parameter region, for arbitrary time-periodic driving force, the system has a unique periodic solution attracting any bounded set exponentially. This implies that the system behaves exactly as a one-dimensional system. We mention, in particular, that the obtained result can be used to prove the existence of global periodic attractor of the usual damped and driven wave equations

  5. Air Force Physical Fitness: An Assessment of Characteristics and Programs which Affect Individual Physical Fitness. (United States)


    air command, the USAF Aerobics Program was implemented in Novem- ber 1969 with the publishing of AFP 50-56 and APH 50-15. As stated in AP 50-56 (63:2...Force Speciality Codes (AFSCs) requiring flight duty include pilots, copilots, navigators, flight nurses , medical technicians, weapons controllers

  6. 78 FR 78943 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    .... -- Projected challenges to the U.S. Air Force's ability to meet the demands of multiple scenarios. -- Classified documents that address financial, personnel, organizational and other factors for the Commission's... mission. The Designated Federal Officer (DFO) will review all submitted written statements before...

  7. Blacks in the Army Air Forces during World War II: The Problem of Race Relations (United States)


    First Air Force Operations and Training Division. When the ques - tion arose of -eplacing white officers with black ones in early 1945, one officer...42-43 106,124,127,129 Training programs Smog , effect on training. 110 administrative personnel: 35-38, 72, Social status, drawbacks in: 2,5-8,10-12 129

  8. Developing a Model for Assigning Senior Officers in the Brazilian Air Force (United States)


    63 viii LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Distribution of junior officers by specialty (after Presidente da República...Federativa do Brasil 2014)................................................... 3 Figure 2. Distribution of senior officers by specialty (after Presidente da...Specialties and ranks in the Brazilian Air Force (after Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil 2014

  9. Becoming an Air Force Nurse: The Experience of Transition A New Perspective of a Known Phenomenon. (United States)

    Chargualaf, Katie A; Tse, Alice M


    Transitions in nursing have consistently been described as complex and stressful. While the literature is replete with studies investigating role transitions in civilian healthcare settings, there is no known research that explores the role transition of experienced nurses who move from civilian to military nursing practice. Using nurses in the U.S. Air Force as an exemplar, this study serves as a starting point to understand the transition process and challenges likely encountered by nurses new to the military. The outcomes of this study could influence future efforts to recruit and retain qualified nurses. A hermeneutic, phenomenologic approach was used to explore and describe the lived experience of transition from civilian staff nurse to Air Force staff nurse. The results indicated that new Air Force nurses encounter challenges related to a lack of knowledge and role preparedness, which led to feelings of stress and frustration. Support from peers, mentors, and managers helped the new Air Force nurses bridge the gap in knowledge and successfully integrate into the military culture. Efforts to reduce the perceived lack of knowledge through improvements to the Commissioned Officer Training program and the clinical orientation period are recommended. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. Airsea Battle: Can the Air Force and the Navy Get Along (United States)


    Singapore, Malaysia , and Indonesia. The importance of each of these will be discussed in turn below. The Strait of Hormuz (Figure 1) is the...Munitions Requirements of the Army Air Force, pt. 2, tab 1, 2-3. Japanese civilians had been killed and over 20 million were homeless . Much of

  11. The Impact of Human Capital on the Cost of Air Force Acquisition Programs

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Feuring, Jeffrey C


    .... The measure of output is the average cost overrun of Air Force contracts. A time series regression was conducted while controlling for other economic factors such as budgetary fluctuations and inflation. The results show positive effects of Human Capital on performance. Other policy implications of the study are the importance of budgetary stability, inflation predictions and the Defense Acquisition Workforce Improvement Act (DAWIA).

  12. The Costs and Consequences of Quality at the Air Force Academy: A Professor's Perspective. (United States)

    Porter, David B.


    A professor at the Air Force Academy (Colorado) recounts that institution's 3 years of experience with total quality concepts. The model that guided initial quality education and training activities is described and evidence of progress reported. He concludes that the right kind of investment in quality is well worth the cost. (DB)

  13. 75 FR 54331 - U.S. Air Force Scientific Advisory Board Notice of Meeting (United States)


    ... from 8 a.m.-11:45 p.m. The purpose of this Air Force Scientific Advisory Board quarterly meeting is to... leadership. Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended, and 41 CFR 102-3.155, the Administrative Assistant of the...

  14. Smoking in the United States Air Force: Trends, Most Prevalent Diseases and their Association with Cost (United States)


    Talcott, Harry Lando, and Risa J. Stein. “Smoking prevalence and risk factors for smoking in a population of United States Air Force basic trainees...Stein, Risa J., Sara A. Pyle, C. Keith Haddock, W.S. Carlos Poston, Robert Bray, and Jason Williams, “ Reported stress and its relationship to tobacco

  15. Air Force Commanders and Barriers to Entry into a Doctoral Business Program (United States)

    Williams, Tony; LeMire, Steven D.


    The authors examined professionally qualified Air Force commanders' barriers to entry into a business doctoral degree program related to the factors of time, financial means, academics, and motivation. Of the 116 present commanders, 63% were interested in pursuing a doctorate in business. For the commanders interested in obtaining a doctorate…

  16. Environmental Assessment for the General Plan and Maintenance of Patrick Air Force Base, Florida (United States)


    convert the incoming 138-kilovolt (kV) electricity to a nominal distribution voltage of 13.2 kV, and then route the power to government-owned switchgear ...FLORIDA STATE CLEARINGHOUSE Department of Environmental Protection jeb Bush Governor Mr. Wesley J. Westphal Department of the Air Force 45 CES

  17. Cognitive and Teaching Style Preferences of Officers Attending the Air Force Reserve Officer Training Instructor Course (United States)

    Kraska, Marie; Harris, Stephen


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the cognitive style and teaching style preferences of instructors enrolled in the Reserve Officer Training Corps instructor course at the Academic Instructor School at Maxwell Air Force base. Sixty-five cases were examined for two research questions: (1) To what extent is there…

  18. A Special Report: The United States Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine (United States)


    Veterinary Sciences is a support division that is here because we perform animal research.* *Q: Are there problems associated with using animals in research...the enhance- ment of the safety, health, protection, performance, and readiness of the United States Air Force. Our Veterinary Sciences Division

  19. 78 FR 75334 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... of the Air Force AGENCY: Director of Administration and Management, DoD. ACTION: Notice of advisory... requirements of 41 CFR 102-3.150(a) were not met. Accordingly, the Advisory Committee Management Officer for... are to (1) assess the advantages and disadvantages of contending approaches to the future structure of...

  20. Environmental Assessment for a Taxiway M Bypass Road at Travis Air Force Base, California (United States)


    Ardea herodias), crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos), ravens (Corvus corax), garter snakes (Thamnophis species), bullfrogs ( Rana catesbeiana ), California...Tiger Salamander Habitat Assessment at Travis Air Force Base, Solano County, California Rana Resources 2005 Results of First Year Special-Status...Athene cunicularia Burrowing owl CSC Known Rana aurora draytonii California red-legged frog FT Potential Ambystoma californiense California tiger

  1. Organizational Dysfunction in the US Air Force: Lessons from the ICBM Community (United States)


    Organizational toxicity is a management field of study focused on correcting the pathologies arising from an emotionally or psychologically toxic work... ORGANIZATIONAL DYSFUNCTION IN THE US AIR FORCE: LESSONS FROM THE ICBM COMMUNITY BY BUD FUJII-TAKAMOTO A THESIS ABSTRACT This study aimed to prove the validity of an organizational design model by applying it to identify organizational factors

  2. Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the Airspace Training Initiative Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina (United States)


    techniques. These constraints would not exist in an actual combat situation, and such constrained training teaches habits that can be...Source (MAILS) Dispersion Model User’s Guide. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Air Force Engineering & Services Center. ESL -TR-89-59, Tyndall AFB

  3. Green Acquisition Gap Analysis of the United States Air Force Operational Contracting Organizations (United States)


    GPP initiated in 2006 (Breedlove, Van Buren & Yonkers, 2011). The memo highlights the importance of building a sustainable Air Force using green...Conducting green procurement audits. Retrieved from Breedlove, P., Van Buren , D

  4. Readability of Air Force Publications: A Criterion Referenced Evaluation. Final Report. (United States)

    Hooke, Lydia R.; And Others

    In a study of the readability of Air Force regulations, the writer-estimated reading grade level (RGL) for each regulation was rechecked by using the FORCAST readability formula. In four of the seven cases, the regulation writers underestimated the RGL of their regulation by more than one grade level. None of the writers produced a document with…

  5. A US Air Force Strategy for Africa (Drew Paper, Number 7) (United States)


    was commissioned from the United States Air Force Academy in 1995 where he received a bachelor’s de- gree in electrical engineering. Graduating from...elsewhere might receive them.”3 The common argument against such broad-ranging consideration of consequences is that it engen - ders “analysis

  6. Effect of the Alcohol Misconduct Prevention Program (AMPP) in air force technical training. (United States)

    Klesges, Robert C; Talcott, Wayne; Ebbert, Jon O; Murphy, James G; McDevitt-Murphy, Meghan E; Thomas, Fridtjof; Reese, Gregory J; Nicholas, Rena A


    Alcohol use in the U.S. military is prevalent and associated with alcohol-related incidents (ARIs), an official U.S. Air Force sanction. Military ARIs incur substantial personal and financial costs. We evaluated the impact of the Alcohol Misconduct Prevention Program (AMPP) consisting of a group-based brief alcohol intervention (BAI) conducted jointly with random alcohol breathalyzer testing on ARIs in the U.S. Air Force. A 1-hour, group-based, interactive BAI was conducted, and random alcohol breathalyzer testing was performed among 10,087 Air Force Technical Trainees at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas, in fiscal years 2010 and 2011. The AMPP was associated with a significant reduction in the odds of an ARI over the year of the intervention compared to the previous year (odds ratio 0.555; 95% confidence interval 0.380-0.811; p = 0.0023). Significant reductions in the number of ARIs were observed within all quarters except for the third. The average rate of ARIs per 1,000 trainees per quarter was 7.30 before implementation of the interventions and 4.06 after implementation. An AMPP consisting of an interactive BAI and random alcohol breathalyzer testing may decrease ARIs among military trainees. Reprint & Copyright © 2013 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.

  7. Environmental Assessment for the 920th Rescue Wing Beddown Patrick Air Force Base, Florida (United States)


    Vista Technologies Inc. Environmental Assessment, Development and Maintenance of Patrick Air Force Base, Florida. January 1997. Canter , Larry W...Space Wing 45 CES/CEVC PAFB, Florida 920th Rescue Wing Beddown Environmental Assessment 8-1 8.0 LIST OF PREPARERS 1. David B

  8. Final Environmental Assessment: Mental Health Clinic Hanscom Air Force Base Massachusetts (United States)


    at the MIT Lincoln Laboratory and the Air Force Research Library (AFRL). Hazardous wastes, including adhesives, sealants , greases, waste paint and...There is an IAP located in the Dental Clinic at Building 1900. Amalgam waste is generated from dental operations and transferred to the 90-day

  9. 33 CFR 334.560 - Banana River at Patrick Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banana River at Patrick Air Force Base, Fla.; restricted area. 334.560 Section 334.560 Navigation and Navigable Waters CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DANGER ZONE AND RESTRICTED AREA REGULATIONS § 334.560 Banana...

  10. The Privatization of the Aerospace Guidance and Metrology Center at Newark Air Force Base

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fillman, Richard


    .... This was a first of a kind for the DoD repair depot system. The justification was too much excess depot capacity and by closing Newark the Air Force would rid itself of this excess capacity and obtain savings by privatizing the repair workload...

  11. The Prevalence of Eating Disorders Within the Air Force Active Duty Female Nurse Corps (United States)


    Garfinkel, 1980; Minuchin , 1970). The mental health of all Air Force nurses is critical to the mission they perform. It is well documented that once the...why? Doctoral Dissertation, University of Hawaii. Minuchin , S.. (1970). The use of an ecological framework in the treatment of a child. In: Anthony J

  12. U.S. Navy - U.S. Air Force Relationships 1970-2010. Revision (United States)


    AAS deployed non-rigid airships (blimps) for coastal patrol; USN deployed rigid airships ( dirigibles ) for scouting • Periodic executive...service antipathies intensified 1924: Navy operational support for path-breaking Army Air Service round-the-world flight 1925: Navy dirigible USS...force operational command structure remained divided among SAC, USLANTCOM, USPACOM, USEUCOM • USN successfully resisted periodic attempts to put

  13. The South African Air Force, 1920–2012: A Review of its History and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    When the South West African People's Organisation (Swapo) launched its first incursion into SWA in 1966, the SAP was initially tasked to keep the peace, and the ..... H-R Heitman. South African arms & armour: A concise guide to armaments of the South African Army, Navy and Air Force. Cape Town: Struik, 1988, 150–.

  14. Are the Needs of Single Parents Serving in the Air Force Being Met?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha E. Blanchard


    Full Text Available The military has taken extraordinary steps in establishing programs to support not only the member serving but their families as well. This article will examine military policy as it impacts single parents serving in the Air Force, highlighting existing programs, and calling for more research on this valuable population.

  15. 78 FR 37798 - Meeting of the National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force (United States)


    ... Capabilities Plan. 2. Combatant Command requirements from operations plans, contingency plans, and Integrated... from Status of Resources Training Systems and Defense Readiness Reporting System. Meeting Accessibility... between the regular and reserve components of the Air Force, taking advantage of the unique strengths and...

  16. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 1965, Twentieth Edition (United States)


    Northrop Lockheed Lockheed Lockheed Lockheed Canadiar Cessna Kaman Kaman Sikorsky Cessna Hiller Sikorsky Lockheed Lockheed Lockheed Boeing TOTAL. F-5A...Domestic Other TYPE OF OPERATION Trans": Air Aeromed Mili- Com-Total port Missions Evae tary mer-Force (1254 A’l\\I) ConUS Units cial CHANNEL TRAFFIC SPACE

  17. Santa Rosa Island Final Range Environmental Assessment, Revision 1. Eglin Air Force Base, Florida (United States)


    nvironmenfal Assessment. Santa Rosa island Reconslitution Tesi Capabilities. Apri11998. 37 U.S. Air Force. 1998c. Environmemal AssessmenT ji:Jr...Coastal Tesiing of 1he Shallow Water Assaul1 Breaching 38 {SABRE) and Dislributed Explosive Technology (DEl) s:vsrems. September 1998. 39 USAF. 1998d

  18. Applying Lean to the AC-130 Maintenance Process for the Royal Saudi Air Force (United States)


    Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52(4), 679–695. LEAN TO THE AC-130 MAINTENANCE PROCESS FOR THE ROYAL SAUDI AIR FORCE THESIS...Organization or any other defense organization. AFIT-ENS-MS-16-S-024 APPLYING LEAN TO THE

  19. Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation. Volume 31; Global Surface Ocean Carbon Estimates in a Model Forced by MERRA (United States)

    Gregg, Watson W.; Casey, Nancy W.; Rousseaux, Cecile S.


    MERRA products were used to force an established ocean biogeochemical model to estimate surface carbon inventories and fluxes in the global oceans. The results were compared to public archives of in situ carbon data and estimates. The model exhibited skill for ocean dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), partial pressure of ocean CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea fluxes (FCO2). The MERRA-forced model produced global mean differences of 0.02% (approximately 0.3 microns) for DIC, -0.3% (about -1.2 (micro) atm; model lower) for pCO2, and -2.3% (-0.003 mol C/sq m/y) for FCO2 compared to in situ estimates. Basin-scale distributions were significantly correlated with observations for all three variables (r=0.97, 0.76, and 0.73, P<0.05, respectively for DIC, pCO2, and FCO2). All major oceanographic basins were represented as sources to the atmosphere or sinks in agreement with in situ estimates. However, there were substantial basin-scale and local departures.

  20. Summer Research Program - 1997 Summer Faculty Research Program Volume 6 Arnold Engineering Development Center United States Air Force Academy Air Logistics Centers (United States)


    Fracture Analysis of the F-5, 15%-Spar Bolt DR Devendra Kumar SAALC/LD 6- 16 CUNY-City College, New York, NY A Simple, Multiversion Concurrency Control...Program, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH. [3]AFGROW, Air Force Crack Propagation Analysis Program, Version 3.82 (1997) 15-8 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION ...Office of Scientific Research Boiling Air Force Base, DC and San Antonio Air Logistic Center August 1997 16-1 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION CONCURRENCY

  1. Air and Ground Gunnery: Test Areas A-73, A-77, A-78, A-79, B-7, and B-75, Range Environmental Assessment, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida (United States)


    meteorological conditions. These two sets of conditions represent the typical extremes with regard to weather influence on noise propagation that may be...Environmental Assessment ( PEA ) (U.S. Air Force, 2004). Table 2-1 shows the previously approved level of activity under the No Action Alternative...operations were not previously analyzed in the Air-to-Ground Gunnery PEA (U.S. Air Force, 2004). Alternative 1 adds live fire small arms and light explosives

  2. Risk Factors for Hearing Decrement Among U.S. Air Force Aviation-Related Personnel. (United States)

    Greenwell, Brandon M; Tvaryanas, Anthony P; Maupin, Genny M


    The purpose of this study was to analyze historical hearing sensitivity data to determine factors associated with an occupationally significant change in hearing sensitivity in U.S. Air Force aviation-related personnel. This study was a longitudinal, retrospective cohort analysis of audiogram records for Air Force aviation-related personnel on active duty during calendar year 2013 without a diagnosis of non-noise-related hearing loss. The outcomes of interest were raw change in hearing sensitivity from initial baseline to 2013 audiogram and initial occurrence of a significant threshold shift (STS) and non-H1 audiogram profile. Potential predictor variables included age and elapsed time in cohort for each audiogram, gender, and Air Force Specialty Code. Random forest analyses conducted on a learning sample were used to identify relevant predictor variables. Mixed effects models were fitted to a separate validation sample to make statistical inferences. The final dataset included 167,253 nonbaseline audiograms on 10,567 participants. Only the interaction between time since baseline audiogram and age was significantly associated with raw change in hearing sensitivity by STS metric. None of the potential predictors were associated with the likelihood for an STS. Time since baseline audiogram, age, and their interaction were significantly associated with the likelihood for a non-HI hearing profile. In this study population, age and elapsed time since baseline audiogram were modestly associated with decreased hearing sensitivity and increased likelihood for a non-H1 hearing profile. Aircraft type, as determined from Air Force Specialty Code, was not associated with changes in hearing sensitivity by STS metric.Greenwell BM, Tvaryanas AP, Maupin GM. Risk factors for hearing decrement among U.S. Air Force aviation-related personnel. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2018; 89(2):80-86.

  3. Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho Geothermal Resource Assessment and Future Recommendations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph C. Armstrong; Robert P. Breckenridge; Dennis L. Nielson; John W. Shervais; Thomas R. Wood


    The U.S. Air Force is facing a number of challenges as it moves into the future, one of the biggest being how to provide safe and secure energy to support base operations. A team of scientists and engineers met at Mountain Home Air Force Base in early 2011 near Boise, Idaho, to discuss the possibility of exploring for geothermal resources under the base. The team identified that there was a reasonable potential for geothermal resources based on data from an existing well. In addition, a regional gravity map helped identify several possible locations for drilling a new well. The team identified several possible sources of funding for this well—the most logical being to use U.S. Department of Energy funds to drill the upper half of the well and U.S. Air Force funds to drill the bottom half of the well. The well was designed as a slimhole well in accordance with State of Idaho Department of Water Resources rules and regulations. Drilling operations commenced at the Mountain Home site in July of 2011 and were completed in January of 2012. Temperatures increased gradually, especially below a depth of 2000 ft. Temperatures increased more rapidly below a depth of 5500 ft. The bottom of the well is at 5976 ft, where a temperature of about 140°C was recorded. The well flowed artesian from a depth below 5600 ft, until it was plugged off with drilling mud. Core samples were collected from the well and are being analyzed to help understand permeability at depth. Additional tests using a televiewer system will be run to evaluate orientation and directions at fractures, especially in the production zone. A final report on the well exploitation will be forthcoming later this year. The Air Force will use it to evaluate the geothermal resource potential for future private development options at Mountain Home Air Force Base. In conclusion, Recommendation for follow-up efforts include the following:

  4. Accounting for radiative forcing from albedo change in future global land-use scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, Andrew D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Calvin, Katherine V. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Collins, William D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Edmonds, James A. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)


    We demonstrate the effectiveness of a new method for quantifying radiative forcing from land use and land cover change (LULCC) within an integrated assessment model, the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM). The method relies on geographically differentiated estimates of radiative forcing from albedo change associated with major land cover transitions derived from the Community Earth System Model. We find that conversion of 1 km² of woody vegetation (forest and shrublands) to non-woody vegetation (crops and grassland) yields between 0 and –0.71 nW/m² of globally averaged radiative forcing determined by the vegetation characteristics, snow dynamics, and atmospheric radiation environment characteristic within each of 151 regions we consider globally. Across a set of scenarios designed to span a range of potential future LULCC, we find LULCC forcing ranging from –0.06 to –0.29 W/m² by 2070 depending on assumptions regarding future crop yield growth and whether climate policy favors afforestation or bioenergy crops. Inclusion of this previously uncounted forcing in the policy targets driving future climate mitigation efforts leads to changes in fossil fuel emissions on the order of 1.5 PgC/yr by 2070 for a climate forcing limit of 4.5 Wm–2, corresponding to a 12–67 % change in fossil fuel emissions depending on the scenario. Scenarios with significant afforestation must compensate for albedo-induced warming through additional emissions reductions, and scenarios with significant deforestation need not mitigate as aggressively due to albedo-induced cooling. In all scenarios considered, inclusion of albedo forcing in policy targets increases forest and shrub cover globally.

  5. A Capabilities Based Assessment of the United States Air Force Critical Care Air Transport Team (United States)


    civilian, neonatal, pediatric, and geriatric  Medical technology will continue to advance  Technology will advance but inflight use will lag...vibration, temperature, lighting, motion, air quality, sanitation, dehydration, nutrition , fatigue, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can...military patients, as well as geriatric , pediatric, and neonatal populations. There needs to be CCAT representation in the acquisition process. The

  6. Force, fraud, and coercion : Bridging from knowledge of intercountry adoption to global surrogacy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Smith Rotabi (Karen); K.E. Cheney (Kristen)


    textabstractThis report discusses concerns raised by participants of Thematic Area 4 (Force, Fraud and Coercion) of the International Forum on Intercountry Adoption and Global Surrogacy held in August 2014. There has been a significant body of research on intercountry adoption practices over the

  7. At the Fulcrum of Air Force Identity: Balancing the Internal and External Pressures of Image and Culture (United States)


    one aspect of organizational life; however, it should not take disasters like the Enron collapse, Hurricane Katrina, the Japa- nese surprise attack...Strategy or Our Culture?,” 1145–77. 19. Ehrhard, Air Force Strategy, 48. 20. Ibid., 28. 21. Leslie Wayne, “Is Boeing the Enron of the U.S. Air Force

  8. 33 CFR 334.640 - Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range. (United States)


    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range. 334.640 Section 334.640 Navigation and Navigable Waters... REGULATIONS § 334.640 Gulf of Mexico south of Apalachee Bay, Fla.; Air Force rocket firing range. (a) The...

  9. Environmental Assessment Addressing the Defense Language Institute English Language Center (DLIELC), and the Inter-American Air Forces Academy (IAAFA) Area Development Plan at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas (United States)


    Medical Wing; the Air Force Intelligence , Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency; and the 67th Network Warfare Wing (LAFB undated b). There are 18 Air...Combat Command units under the Air Force Intelligence , Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency and the 67th Network Warfare Wing at Lackland AFB. The...recorded in the Texan Biotic Province (LAFB 2006a). Most reptiles and amphibians would likely not occur within the Project area. The majority of

  10. Improving Command and Control in the Mexican Army and Air Force to Support Land Operations (United States)


    Facilities and Policy FLIR Forward Looking Infrared System FMF Fleet Marine Force FM Field Manual GDP Gross Domestic Product GPS Global market , this thesis will attempt to present optimal solutions to improve Command and Control in support of land operations. Significance of...researched manuals and public documents was considered employing criteria that meets validity, reliability, practicability, suitability and

  11. Environmental Assessment for the Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan for Edwards Air Force Base, California (United States)


    Force EIAP. 2. Partner with private organizations 3. Manage fishing and volunteer program 4. Provide ongoing interpretive education to students 5...natural resources and the environment. Global warming is projected to have detrimental effects on industries, including agriculture and tourism ...educational, family, economic, military, religious, and recreational/ leisure . 3 Defined ways of life encompass subsistence hunting and fishing

  12. Design guidelines for the forced-air cooling process of strawberries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrua, M.J.; Singh, R.P. [Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)


    The complex structure of the package systems currently used by the strawberry industry has prevented an efficient design of the forced-air cooling process. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms through which different design parameters affect the rate and uniformity of cooling, using a previously validated computational fluid dynamics model. The results indicated that the vent area has a significant effect on the cooling rate, but not on its uniformity. A design that reduces bypassing will not necessarily increase the cooling rate, because there is less bypass air to cool down the air exiting from each clamshell, so that the air entering the next clamshell becomes warmer. Periodic airflow reversal improves the rate and homogeneity of the cooling process. (author)

  13. Clearing the Air: A Global Agenda. Worldwatch Paper 94. (United States)

    French, Hilary F.

    The environmental impact of air pollution on the earth can be described as grave. Air pollution, particularly acid rain, is devastating forests, crops, and lakes over wide areas of North America and Europe. In many cities, ancient buildings have eroded more in recent decades than they had over the previous thousand years. Indications are that…

  14. Hosed vs. unhosed: interruptions of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in a global coupled model, with and without freshwater forcing (United States)

    Brown, Nicolas; Galbraith, Eric D.


    It is well known that glacial periods were punctuated by abrupt climate changes, with large impacts on air temperature, precipitation, and ocean circulation across the globe. However, the long-held idea that freshwater forcing, caused by massive iceberg discharges, was the driving force behind these changes has been questioned in recent years. This throws into doubt the abundant literature on modelling abrupt climate change through "hosing" experiments, whereby the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is interrupted by an injection of freshwater to the North Atlantic: if some, or all, abrupt climate change was not driven by freshwater input, could its character have been very different than the typical hosed experiments? Here, we describe spontaneous, unhosed oscillations in AMOC strength that occur in a global coupled ocean-atmosphere model when integrated under a particular background climate state. We compare these unhosed oscillations to hosed oscillations under a range of background climate states in order to examine how the global imprint of AMOC variations depends on whether or not they result from external freshwater input. Our comparison includes surface air temperature, precipitation, dissolved oxygen concentrations in the intermediate-depth ocean, and marine export production. The results show that the background climate state has a significant impact on the character of the freshwater-forced AMOC interruptions in this model, with particularly marked variations in tropical precipitation and in the North Pacific circulation. Despite these differences, the first-order patterns of response to AMOC interruptions are quite consistent among all simulations, implying that the ocean-sea ice-atmosphere dynamics associated with an AMOC weakening dominate the global response, regardless of whether or not freshwater input is the cause. Nonetheless, freshwater addition leads to a more complete shutdown of the AMOC than occurs in the unhosed oscillations

  15. Lonely Skies: Air-to-Air Training for a 5th Generation Fighter Force (United States)


    2006, 1, Article /128840/fighter-pilot- balanced-tactics-safety-effectiveness.aspx. 2 attempt to...Howard’s wisdom, the military scientist must aim at the imperfectly determined target of a future operational requirement and prepare the military forces...80), pilots faced growing complexity in their aircraft systems. The introduction of more advanced engine and hydraulic systems increased the

  16. Experimental study of cooling BIPV modules by forced convection in the air channel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaiser, A.S.; Zamora, B.; Mazón, R.; García, J.R.; Vera, F.


    Highlights: • An experimental setup for studying the effects of forced convection on cell temperature. • The induced velocity within the forced convection channel significantly affects the PV cooling. • Correlations for the Ross coefficient, module temperature, efficiency, and power output. • Prediction of the thermal behavior of the PV module in BIPV configurations. - Abstract: The efficiency of photovoltaic systems depends mainly on the cell temperature. Frequently, the PV collectors are installed on the top of the building. One cost effective method to regulate the temperature of rooftop integrated photovoltaic panels is to provide an open air channel beneath the panel. The cell temperature of these PV modules is very much influenced by the capability of ventilating this channel. The ventilation may be modified by different factors such as the wind velocity, the air gap size, and the forced convection induced by a fan or by a conventional air conditioning system. This paper describes an experimental setup to study the influence of the air gap size and the forced ventilation on the cell temperature (and consequently on the electrical efficiency of the PV module) of a BIPV configuration, for different values of the incident solar radiation, ambient temperatures, and aspect ratios, as well as for several forced ventilation conditions. Semi empirical correlations for the Ross coefficient, module temperature, electrical efficiency, and power output are proposed, showing a good agreement with respect to experimental measurements. A critical channel aspect ratio close to 0.11 can be considered to minimize overheating of PV devices. For a duct velocity V v = 6 m/s, a power output increase of 19% is observed over the natural ventilation case (V v = 0.5 m/s)

  17. General overview: European Integrated project on Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality interactions (EUCAARI) – integrating aerosol research from nano to global scales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kulmala, M.; Asmi, A.; Lappalainen, H. K.


    for chemical transport and global climate models were developed and evaluated. These achievements and related studies have substantially improved our understanding and reduced the uncertainties of aerosol radiative forcing and air quality-climate interactions. The EUCAARI results can be utilized in European...... and global environmental policy to assess the aerosol impacts and the corresponding abatement strategies.......In this paper we describe and summarize the main achievements of the European Aerosol Cloud Climate and Air Quality Interactions project (EUCAARI). EUCAARI started on 1 January 2007 and ended on 31 December 2010 leaving a rich legacy including: (a) a comprehensive database with a year...

  18. Air microjet system for non-contact force application and the actuation of micro-structures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khare, S M; Venkataraman, V


    We demonstrate a non-contact technique to apply calibrated and localized forces in the micro-Newton to milli-Newton range using an air microjet. An electromagnetically actuated diaphragm controlled by a signal generator is used to generate the air microjet. With a nozzle diameter of 150 μm, the microjet diameter was maintained to a maximum of 1 mm at a distance of 5 mm from the nozzle. The force generated by the microjet was measured using a commercial force sensor to determine the velocity profile of the jet. Axial flow velocities of up to 25 m s −1 were obtained at distances as long as 6 mm. The microjet exerted a force up to 1 μN on a poly dimethyl siloxane (PDMS) micropillar (50 μm in diameter, 157 μm in height) and 415 μN on a PDMS membrane (3 mm in diameter, 28 μm thick). We also demonstrate that from a distance of 6 mm our microjet can exert a peak pressure of 187 Pa with a total force of about 84 μN on a flat surface with 8 V operating voltage. Out of the cleanroom fabrication and robust design make this system cost effective and durable. (technical note)

  19. Can the Air Force and Airlines Collaborate for Mutual Benefit An Exploration of Pilot and Maintenance Workforce Options (United States)


    analysis was performed in support of a RAND Project AIR FORCE ( PAF ) project, the overarching goal of which was to determine what collaboration options... PAF ), a division of the RAND Corporation, is the U.S. Air Force’s federally funded research and development center for studies and analyses. PAF ...about PAF is available on our website: paf / This report documents work originally shared with the U.S. Air Force on September 8

  20. The Joint Force Air Component Commander and the Integration of Offensive Cyberspace Effects: Power Projection through Cyberspace (United States)


    86 | Air & Space Power Journal The Joint Force Air Component Commander and the Integration of Offensive Cyberspace Effects Power Projection through... Cyberspace Capt Jason M. Gargan, USAF Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed or implied in the Journal are those of the authors and should not...and Space Power Journal requests a courtesy line. Cyberspace can provide great opportunities to assist the joint force air compo-nent commander (JFACC

  1. 2018 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffith, Stacy R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    The 2018 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base has been prepared in accordance with the “Letter of Agreement Between Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Sandia Field Office (DOE/NNSA/SFO) and 377th Air Base Wing (ABW), Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB) for Terrestrial Sampling” (signed January 2017), Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM). The Letter of Agreement requires submittal of an annual terrestrial sampling plan.

  2. 2017 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffith, Stacy R. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)


    The 2017 Annual Terrestrial Sampling Plan for Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico on Kirtland Air Force Base has been prepared in accordance with the “Letter of Agreement Between Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration, Sandia Field Office (DOE/NNSA/SFO) and 377th Air Base Wing (ABW), Kirtland Air Force Base (KAFB) for Terrestrial Sampling” (signed January 2017), Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM). The Letter of Agreement requires submittal of an annual terrestrial sampling plan.

  3. Influence of forced air volume on water evaporation during sewage sludge bio-drying. (United States)

    Cai, Lu; Chen, Tong-Bin; Gao, Ding; Zheng, Guo-Di; Liu, Hong-Tao; Pan, Tian-Hao


    Mechanical aeration is critical to sewage sludge bio-drying, and the actual water loss caused by aeration can be better understood from investigations of the relationship between aeration and water evaporation from the sewage sludge bio-drying pile based on in situ measurements. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of forced air volume on the evaporation of water from a sewage sludge bio-drying pile. Dewatered sewage sludge was bio-dried using control technology for bio-drying, during which time the temperature, superficial air velocity and water evaporation were measured and calculated. The results indicated that the peak air velocity and water evaporation occurred in the thermophilic phase and second temperature-increasing phase, with the highest values of 0.063 ± 0.027 m s(-1) and 28.9 kg ton(-1) matrix d(-1), respectively, being observed on day 4. Air velocity above the pile during aeration was 43-100% higher than when there was no aeration, and there was a significantly positive correlation between air volume and water evaporation from day 1 to 15. The order of daily means of water evaporation was thermophilic phase > second temperature-increasing phase > temperature-increasing phase > cooling phase. Forced aeration controlled the pile temperature and improved evaporation, making it the key factor influencing water loss during the process of sewage sludge bio-drying. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. All the Missiles Work: Technological Dislocations and Military Innovation: A Case Study in US Air Force Air-to-Air Armament, Post-World War II through Operation Rolling Thunder (United States)


    been used as a basis of fighter combat operations for the Royal Air Force, Marines, Chinese Nationalist, Korean Air Force, and US Air Force since...hand, there is an image of a mili- tary wedded to technology, aptly evidenced during the cybernetic and chao- plexic revolutions in military affairs...François. A Treatise on Efficacy between Western and Chinese Think- ing. Translated by Janet Lloyd. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004

  5. Blue Moon Rising? Air Force Institutional Challenges to Producing Senior Joint Leaders (United States)


    the full weight of the Air Force due to SAC’s retention of OPCON for the B-52s. Even as the 7 AF became as the dominant force headquarters during the...service partners tackling the complex issues facing the nation. Personal experience reveals there are incredibly smart and talented individuals within m m an de r.a sp ( ac ce ss ed 1 2 A pr il 20 10 ). N O R TH C O M Es t 2 00 2 G en R al ph E . E be rh ar t, U SA F 20 02 -2 00 4

  6. Biofuels: An Alternative to U.S. Air Force Petroleum Fuel Dependency (United States)


    the Air Force was forced to “slow operations [and] throttle back.”30 In his article, “Fuel Hedging : Lessons from the Airlines,” Lieutenant Colonel...of biodiesel. Virgin oil feedstock such as rapeseed, and soybean oils are most commonly used, though other crops such as mustard, palm oil or hemp...production in U.S. (BPD) Vegetable Oils Produced from soybeans , corn, canola, palm 194,000 33,500 Recycled Products Yellow grease, brown (trap

  7. A Review of United States Air Force and Department of Defense Aerospace Propulsion Needs (United States)


    for the AirLaunch FALCON demonstrator and the SpaceX vehicle can be developed for much less money than reusable ones. Depending on the annual flight...for having a reusable fly-back-to-launch-site, rocket -engine-powered first stage and an expendable rocket -engine-powered second stage. Air Force...and the world’s first large, segmented, and reusable -case solid rocket motor, did not reverse the decline after the Apollo era; it only slowed the

  8. Knockout Blow? The Army Air Force’s Operations Against Ploesti and Balikpapan (United States)



  9. (Environmental investigation of ground water contamination at Wright- Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This Health and Safety Plan (HSP) was developed for the Environmental Investigation of Ground-water Contamination Investigation at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio, based on the projected scope of work for the Phase 1, Task 4 Field Investigation. The HSP describes hazards that may be encountered during the investigation, assesses the hazards, and indicates what type of personal protective equipment is to be used for each task performed. The HSP also addresses the medical monitoring program, decontamination procedures, air monitoring, training, site control, accident prevention, and emergency response.

  10. Sensitivity of arctic summer sea ice coverage to global warming forcing: towards reducing uncertainty in arctic climate change projections (United States)

    Zhang, Xiangdong


    Substantial uncertainties have emerged in Arctic climate change projections by the fourth Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment report climate models. In particular, the models as a group considerably underestimate the recent accelerating sea ice reduction. To better understand the uncertainties, we evaluated sensitivities of summer sea ice coverage to global warming forcing in models and observations. The result suggests that the uncertainties result from the large range of sensitivities involved in the computation of sea ice mass balance by the climate models, specifically with the changes in sea ice area (SIA) ranging from 0.09 × 106 to -1.23 × 106km2 in response to 1.0 K increase of air temperature. The sensitivities also vary largely across ensemble members in the same model, indicating impacts of initial condition on evolution of feedback strength with model integrations. Through observationally constraining, the selected model runs by the sensitivity analysis well captured the observed changes in SIA and surface air temperatures and greatly reduced their future projection uncertainties to a certain range from the currently announced one. The projected ice-free summer Arctic Ocean may occur as early as in the late 2030s using a criterion of 80% SIA loss and the Arctic regional mean surface air temperature will be likely increased by 8.5 +/- 2.5 °C in winter and 3.7 +/- 0.9 °C in summer by the end of this century.

  11. Global warming and air transport : meeting the challenge of sustainable growth (United States)


    Aviation impacts community noise footprints, air quality, water quality, energy usage and availability, and the global climate. Trends show environmental impacts from aircraft noise and aviation emissions will be a critical constraint on capacity gro...

  12. Air pollution, greenhouse gases and climate change: Global and regional perspectives (United States)

    Ramanathan, V.; Feng, Y.

    Greenhouse gases (GHGs) warm the surface and the atmosphere with significant implications for rainfall, retreat of glaciers and sea ice, sea level, among other factors. About 30 years ago, it was recognized that the increase in tropospheric ozone from air pollution (NO x, CO and others) is an important greenhouse forcing term. In addition, the recognition of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) on stratospheric ozone and its climate effects linked chemistry and climate strongly. What is less recognized, however, is a comparably major global problem dealing with air pollution. Until about ten years ago, air pollution was thought to be just an urban or a local problem. But new data have revealed that air pollution is transported across continents and ocean basins due to fast long-range transport, resulting in trans-oceanic and trans-continental plumes of atmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) containing sub micron size particles, i.e., aerosols. ABCs intercept sunlight by absorbing as well as reflecting it, both of which lead to a large surface dimming. The dimming effect is enhanced further because aerosols may nucleate more cloud droplets, which makes the clouds reflect more solar radiation. The dimming has a surface cooling effect and decreases evaporation of moisture from the surface, thus slows down the hydrological cycle. On the other hand, absorption of solar radiation by black carbon and some organics increase atmospheric heating and tend to amplify greenhouse warming of the atmosphere. ABCs are concentrated in regional and mega-city hot spots. Long-range transport from these hot spots causes widespread plumes over the adjacent oceans. Such a pattern of regionally concentrated surface dimming and atmospheric solar heating, accompanied by widespread dimming over the oceans, gives rise to large regional effects. Only during the last decade, we have begun to comprehend the surprisingly large regional impacts. In S. Asia and N. Africa, the large north-south gradient in the ABC

  13. Radar Scan Strategies for the Patrick Air Force Base Weather Surveillance Radar, Model-74C, Replacement (United States)

    Short, David


    The 45th Weather Squadron (45 WS) is replacing the Weather Surveillance Radar, Model 74C (WSR-74C) at Patrick Air Force Base (PAFB), with a Doppler, dual polarization radar, the Radtec 43/250. A new scan strategy is needed for the Radtec 43/250, to provide high vertical resolution data over the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) launch pads, while taking advantage of the new radar's advanced capabilities for detecting severe weather phenomena associated with convection within the 45 WS area of responsibility. The Applied Meteorology Unit (AMU) developed several scan strategies customized for the operational needs of the 45 WS. The AMU also developed a plan for evaluating the scan strategies in the period prior to operational acceptance, currently scheduled for November 2008.

  14. Radioactive waste disposal sites: Two successful closures at Tinker Air Force Base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McKenzie, G.; Mohatt, J.V.; Kowall, S.J.; Jarvis, M.F.


    This article describes remediation and closure of two radioactive waste disposal sites at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma, making them exemption regulatory control. The approach consisted of careful exhumation and assessment of soils in sites expected to be contaminated based on historical documentation, word of mouth, and geophysical surveys; removal of buried objects that had gamma radiation exposure levels above background; and confirmation that the soil containing residual radium-226 was below an activity level equal to no more than a 10 mrem/yr annual dose equivalent. In addition, 4464 kg of chemically contaminated excavated soils were removed for disposal. After remediation, the sites met standards for unrestricted use. These sites were two of the first three Air Force radioactive disposal sites to be closed and were the first to be closed under Draft NUREG/CR-5512

  15. Serum dioxin and psychological functioning in U.S. Air Force veterans of the Vietnam War. (United States)

    Michalek, Joel E; Barrett, Drue H; Morris, Robert D; Jackson, William G


    Using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory and the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory, we assessed the psychological functioning of U.S. Air Force veterans exposed to Agent Orange and its contaminant, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlodibenzo-p-dioxin (dioxin), during the Vietnam War. Index subjects were veterans of Operation Ranch Hand (N = 1,109). Comparisons (N = 1,493) were U.S. Air Force veterans not involved with spraying herbicides. We found few consistent psychological abnormalities associated with serum dioxin levels. Ranch Hand veterans with higher dioxin levels showed some difficulties in anxiety, somatization, depression, and a denial of psychological factors. However, those with background levels also showed indications of emotional distress, primarily in emotional numbing and lability; a guarded, suspicious, and withdrawn style of relating to others; and unusual thoughts or behaviors.

  16. Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center, Volume 2, Number 2 (United States)


    often sinulation can be done at significantlv \\ithin a reasonabe time Irame . less cost. In so1ime cases, at combination of phisical testing and...MONITORING ORGANIZATION Air Force Operational Test & (If applicable) Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) HQ AFOTEC 6c. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code) 7b... Test and Evaluation 1/ n) Operations Research . Accession Fo- 19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number) NT IS GRA Z

  17. Motivation and Resolve of U.S. Air Force Pilot Candidates (United States)


    influenced by media (e.g., movies, TV , video games). • Question 16: My decision to pursue a USAF pilot career field was influenced by the...entering the Air Force) and question 15 (My decision to become a USAF pilot was largely influence by media [e.g., movies, TV , video games]), with...George CS. Loss of motivation to fly in military aircrew (two case studies). Indian Journal of Aerospace Medicine. 2014; 58(1):15-20. 11. Burkhart

  18. With Courage: The U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II, (United States)


    fuel tanks, the B-25s Station at Yokosuka flashes under the also lost their heavy bombsights, replaced by two raiders’ noses. Jimmy Doolittle, one of...damage to their own aircraft in these marshalling yards. Late in the month, Operation low-level assaults. Hawker Typhoons of the RAF 2d CHATTANOOGA CHOO ... CHOO committed 800 Allied Tactical Air Force were one of the mainstays of the fighters against the remaining rail nets in France. interdiction

  19. Air Force Reusable Booster System A Quick-look, Design Focused Modeling and Cost Analysis Study (United States)

    Zapata, Edgar


    Presents work supporting the Air force Reusable Booster System (RBS) - A Cost Study with Goals as follows: Support US launch systems decision makers, esp. in regards to the research, technology and demonstration investments required for reusable systems to succeed. Encourage operable directions in Reusable Booster / Launch Vehicle Systems technology choices, system design and product and process developments. Perform a quick-look cost study, while developing a cost model for more refined future analysis.

  20. The United States Air Force in Southeast Asia: Interdiction in Southern Laos, 1960-1968 (United States)


    Tactical Sorties in Northern and Southern Laos. December 1967 .................................... 245 Charts . Tables. Diagrams Page 272 276 278...aircraft, chiefly 0-1F Bird Dogs (used mostly as FACs), T-28Ds, C-123 Blindbats, and C-123 Candlesticks . Along the Ho Chi Minh Trail, the scope...Blindbats and C-123 Candlesticks teamed with BIG EAGLE A-26Ks or USAF T-28D ZORROS (or both) to conduct the nocturnal mission^.^’ The Seventh Air Force