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Sample records for ainhum

  1. Ainhum - A Rare Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prabhu, Ravi; Vinoth, Sundaresan; Praveen, Chinnappan Balasubramanian

    2016-01-01

    The term ‘AINHUM’ is derived from the African word meaning ‘to saw or cut’. True ainhum otherwise called dactylolysis spontanea is a condition involving soft tissue or digits with constricting rings commonly presenting in fifth toes, usually bilateral. It is to be differentiated from Pseudo-ainhum that occurs secondary to some hereditary and nonhereditary diseases that lead to annular constriction of digits. We report a rare case of true ainhum involving the left fourth toe only. It is a very rare case and a very few were reported worldwide. The highest incidence of ainhum has been reported in South Africa and South America. It is rarely reported in India. Ainhum when diagnosed and treated in early stages can be prevented from progressing to mutilating deformities. PMID:27190888

  2. Dactilosis espontánea o ainhum Spontaneous dactilosysis or ainhum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Wolff

    1992-02-01

    Full Text Available La dactilolisis espontánea o ainhum es una enfermedad rara de la raza negra que lleva a la amputación espontánea de los dedos del pie. Se informa el hallazgo de dos casos, uno de ellos bilateral, en dos pacientes del municipio del Alto Baudó (Chocó.

    Spontaneous dactilolysis, also known as ainhum, is an infrequent disease of black people, that leads to spontaneous toe amputation. We report on the finding of two cases, one of them bilateral, in residentes of Alto Baudó (Chocó, Colombia.

  3. Familial ainhum: A case report of multiple toe involvement in a father and son, staging of ainhum with insight into different types of constricting bands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B T Priya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Ainhum, also known as dactylolysis spontanea, is a painful constriction of the base of the fifth toe, frequently followed by spontaneous amputation a few years later. The disease is often symmetrical on both the feet, but, occasionally, other toes are also affected and rarely the distal phalanx of the fifth finger. Pseudoainhum is a similar condition that occurs as a secondary event resulting from certain hereditary and nonhereditary diseases that lead to annular constriction of digits. We hereby present a case of familial ainhum in father and son with multiple toes affected, autoamputation, and more involvement of fourth toe than the fifth toe, which is a very rare finding.

  4. Familial ainhum: a case report of multiple toe involvement in a father and son, staging of ainhum with insight into different types of constricting bands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priya, Bt; Suganthy, Rajakumari R; Manimegalai, M; Krishnaveni, A

    2015-01-01

    Ainhum, also known as dactylolysis spontanea, is a painful constriction of the base of the fifth toe, frequently followed by spontaneous amputation a few years later. The disease is often symmetrical on both the feet, but, occasionally, other toes are also affected and rarely the distal phalanx of the fifth finger. Pseudoainhum is a similar condition that occurs as a secondary event resulting from certain hereditary and nonhereditary diseases that lead to annular constriction of digits. We hereby present a case of familial ainhum in father and son with multiple toes affected, autoamputation, and more involvement of fourth toe than the fifth toe, which is a very rare finding.

  5. Ceratodermia palmoplantar de Unna-Thost associada a pseudo-ainhum: relato de um caso Unna-Thost type palmoplantar keratoderma associated with pseudoainhum: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Valentini de Melo Cesarini

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam um caso de ceratodermia palmoplantar hereditária de Unna-Thost, de apresentação clínica atípica, bem como complicação do tipo estrangulamento ainhumóide no quinto dedo de ambos os pés. Os autores citam ainda outras ceratodermias palmoplantares hereditárias que podem cursar com pseudo-ainhum, bem como os critérios clínicos básicos que diferenciam essas manifestações.The authors report a case of hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma, Unna-Thost type, demonstrating some atypical features when compared to descriptions found in the literature. The case study also includes pseudoainhum on both fifth toes. The authors describe other hereditary palmoplantar keratodermas that may also present with pseudoainhum, and demonstrate the basic clinical criteria that they share.

  6. A woman with a dangling digit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roesch, Alexander; Kinner, Bernd; Schaechinger, Ulrich; Obermann, Ellen C; Landthaler, Michael; Hohenleutner, Ulrich

    2007-11-01

    Ainhum (dactylolysis spontanea) is a distinct clinical and radiological disorder of dark-skinned people characterized by a progressive development of a constricting band encircling the toe which usually results in spontaneous amputation. Ainhum mainly occurs in African natives, but in times of global migration and tourism, Ainhum is likely to be more often encountered outside Africa. Even though the clinical presentation can mimic more common entities such as arthritis and trauma, the correct diagnosis and treatment is easy if one knows this unusual entity.

  7. Aïnhum: Aspects cliniques, radiographiques et thérapeutiques à propos de 3 cas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amina Nomtondo Ouédraogo

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The ainhum or spontaneous dactylolysis is a rare pathologic condition in which a hyperkeratosis necking groove is formed around the proximal portion of the fifth toe leading to its auto-amputation. They were three all male patients, aged 32-52 years, without concept of smoking, or similar family pathology, no notion of barefoot walking long distances or previous trauma. They consulted for pain of the fifth toe or for a desire of amputation of the fifth toe. Disease duration ranged from 18 months to 6 years. On examination, the patient was in good condition without fever. We noted a keratotic consistency constriction ring loose or tight enclosing the base of the right fifth toe. The other ends were free from any constriction. Radiography of the foot noted constriction adjacent soft parts in all patients and bone involvement in 2 patients. The diagnosis of aïnhum was made. A surgical treatment with Z-plasty or amputation was performed. The outcome was favorable with no uncommitted functional prognosis. The ainhum spontaneous is a rare disease, the diagnosis is clinical. The prognosis after surgical treatment is favorable. These observations by their diversity show different aspects of aïnhum.