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Sample records for agricultural university hisar

  1. MEASURING LIBRARY SERVICE QUALITY USING LIBQUAL+TM APPROACH AT CHAUDHARY CHARAN SINGH HARYANA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY, HISAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhanu Partap

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The basic objective of the paper was to identify the service quality gaps by using LibQUAL+TM tool at Nehru Library, CCS HAU, Hisar and to suggest appropriate strategies for achieving the superior service quality, which could be the only substitute for satisfying and retaining the users. A quality service attracted the potential users and vice versa. The level of service quality is a difference between perceived service and the users‘ expectation. Gap analysis is one of the best procedures to help and lead an organization not only to improve their processes but also to recognize the need of improvement. The present study focused on measuring of service quality with the objectives of finding service quality gaps of library. Total 200 locally modified LibQUAL+TM questionnaires were distributed to undergraduate and postgraduate students including faculty members, out of which, 183 completely filled questionnaires were received back and found satisfactory for analysis. Various service quality issues were discussed and finally, concluded with some of the important suggestions, which might be better for user services and ultimate satisfaction of the users.

  2. Towards food autonomy: connectivity and self-help groups in Hisar, India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Singh, S.

    2015-01-01

    Keywords: self-help groups, connectivity, food autonomy, peasants, micro-enterprise Towards Food Autonomy: Connectivity and Self-help Groups in Hisar, India PhD Thesis Shweta Singh Rural Sociology Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands Abstract Food autonomy

  3. Towards food autonomy: connectivity and self-help groups in Hisar, India

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Singh, S.

    2015-01-01

    Keywords: self-help groups, connectivity, food autonomy, peasants, micro-enterprise Towards Food Autonomy: Connectivity and Self-help Groups in Hisar, India PhD Thesis Shweta Singh Rural Sociology Group, Wageningen University, Netherlands Abstract Food autonomy requ

  4. African Universities Tackle the Continent's Agricultural Crisis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindow, Megan

    2009-01-01

    Pests, population growth, and depleted soil have wreaked havoc on agriculture in Africa, so universities across the continent are rethinking how they teach the topic. Some African universities have been building their own networks and pooling their limited resources to train more agricultural scientists and improve their responsiveness to the…

  5. Partners with India: Building Agricultural Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Hadley

    U.S. land grant universities assisted, under the aegis of AID (Agency for International Development), in the development of Indian agricultural universities. Part 1 of this document establishes the historical setting for the partnership of the American-Indian project. It reviews the origin of the U.S. land grant universities, relates this origin…

  6. Policy Issues for Education in General Agriculture in UK Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittemore, C. T.

    1996-01-01

    At present, substantial research funding for agriculture departments in British research universities is not forthcoming. Present policies could widen the divide between pure and applied sciences and between scientific education for agricultural scientists and technical education for agricultural generalists. (SK)

  7. Paths for World-Class Universities in Agricultural Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhimin; Kipchumba, Simon Kibet; Liu, Lu

    2016-01-01

    The top-ranking world-class universities in agricultural science denote those universities which are globally popular with agriculture-related subjects. The paper synthesizes the results of three different ranking scales (NTU, QS and ARWU) of top 50 universities in agriculture subject in 2013. The overlapped parts have been synchronized to derive…

  8. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition)%Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Instruction to Authors Aims and Scope Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) is a comprehensive academic journal on agricultural sciences sponsored by Northeast Agricultural University and distributed worldwide. It is a peer reviewed journal published quarterly and mainly publishes review and research articles that reflect the latest achievements on crop science, horticulture, plant protection, resource and environment, animal science, veterinary medicine, agricultural engineering and technology, agricultural water conservancy, life science, biotechnology and food science.

  9. A Profile of Agriculture Students at Western Kentucky University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, K. M.

    Background characteristics of agriculture students at Western Kentucky University (WKU), the factors affecting their choice of careers, their goals and expectations, and certain agriculture related attitudes were examined in 1978 in a survey of 150 randomly selected agriculture students at that university. Similarities and differences with their…

  10. Construction of Agricultural University Students’ Entrepreneurship Incubation Base – Taking Sichuan Agricultural University as a Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Yao; Jianping Xie; Linchun He

    2013-01-01

    In the recent years, as an effective practice in university students’ entrepreneurship education, construction of university students’ entrepreneurship incubation base has been rapidly developed in different universities. This paper takes construction of the entrepreneurship incubation base in Sichuan Agricultural University as a case study, analyzes the current status of university students’ entrepreneurship incubation base and makes a discussion on establishment of management institution, f...

  11. Library Cooperation at the NOVA University--the Nordic University in Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myllys, Heli

    The Nordic University in Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Medicine--the NOVA University-was established in 1995 to increase the cooperation between the Nordic agricultural universities. The NOVA libraries of the seven institutions and facilities involved wanted to show that they are a very useful partner in launching new ideas. They have the…

  12. A Case Study of Construction of Special Database on Urban Agriculture in Library of Beijing University of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qianning; LIU

    2013-01-01

    With the development of urban agriculture and digital library, the theoretical research and exploitation of special database on urban agriculture has become an inevitable trend. On the basis of analyzing the advantages of the special database on urban agriculture constructed by the library of Beijing University of Agriculture, the author has analyzed the status and the problems of the special database on urban agriculture developed by Beijing University of Agriculture and proposed the development path of special database on urban agriculture.

  13. A Case Study of Construction of Special Database on Urban Agriculture in Library of Beijing University of Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    With the development of urban agriculture and digital library, the theoretical research and exploitation of special database on urban agriculture has become an inevitable trend. On the basis of analyzing the advantages of the special database on urban agriculture constructed by the library of Beijing University of Agriculture, the author has analyzed the status and the problems of the special database on urban agriculture developed by Beijing University of Agriculture and proposed the develop...

  14. Study on the Discipline Reputation of Agricultural Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yufen XU

    2016-01-01

    This paper first studies the main factors affecting the reputation of colleges and universities,and then uses the analytic hierarchy process to analyze the discipline reputation of colleges and universities from student scale,quality of teaching,school site,and achievements in scientific research. Finally,this paper makes the following recommendations: strengthening specialty construction in agricultural colleges and universities; establishing the competitiveness assessment system for colleges and universities based on discipline competitiveness; scientifically choosing the suitable discipline when students choose colleges and universities and discipline; consolidating the basic position of undergraduate teaching; improving the teaching level and teaching ability of young teachers; creating a good academic research atmosphere based on agriculture.

  15. The Conflicts of Agriculture: Exploring the Agricultural Ideologies of University Agricultural Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Michael J.; Enns, Kellie J.

    2017-01-01

    American agriculturalists are divided on a variety of issues related to production and consumption of food. Broadly speaking, two groups have emerged along two ideological lines: agrarian populism, which articulates conventional agricultural values, and neo-agrarianism, which shares some nonconventional agricultural values. Although both groups…

  16. Eduation and Hints of the Agricultural University of Norway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QiuShifeng

    1999-01-01

    This paper introduces the education of the Agricultural University of Norway,including it's history,financial situation,living and learning conditions,setting up of departments and coursesa as well as teaching and learning methods,which may give us some thoughtful hints.

  17. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition)Instruction to Authors%Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition)Instruction to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) is a comprehensive academic journal on agricultural sciences sponsored by Northeast Agricultural University and distributed worldwide. It is a peer reviewed journal published quarterly and mainly publishes review and research articles that reflect the latest achievements on crop science, horticulture, plant protection, resource and environment, animal science, veterinary medicine, agricultural engineering and technology, agricultural water conservancy, life science, biotechnology and food science.

  18. User Education and Information Literacy in Agricultural Universities of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neena Singh

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-six of the agricultural universities in India teach user education and information literacy (IL. This article evaluates these courses and investigates if and how the course curriculum blends research and technical writing skills effectively. Unfortunately, the courses lack uniformity in teaching IL and technical writing skills. Since the universities are under state government control, they are unable to provide uniform curricula throughout India. There is also a need for a credited course on IL, integrating ICT and computer skills, and another course for research and technical writing.

  19. JOB SATISFACTION AND RELATED CHARACTERISTICS OF BANGLADESH AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY GRADUATES

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, A. Rashid; Ahmad, Muzaffer

    1992-01-01

    This article is intended to focus on the extent of job satisfaction and its relationship with other characteristics of Bangladesh agricultural University (BAU) graduates in Bangladesh labour market. Further, it aims at exploring important characteristics which have influence on job satisfaction- of BAU graduates. The related characteristics include age, place of birth, year of graduation, highest degree, academic excellence, place of posting, professional training, publications, length of ser...

  20. Agricultural Students’ Perceptions of Farm Practical Year Programme at University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

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    Abayomi Oloruntoba

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Farm Practical programme addresses the short comings in curricular of agricultural graduates enabling them to acquire knowledge and practical skills needed to become proficient in agriculture. The study contributes in providing insights into perceptions of level 400 agricultural students regarding the Farm Practical Year (FPY programme at the University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria. A total of 261 sample students were selected through stratified sampling procedure from 11 core agricultural departments and administered with pre-tested questionnaire. Results show that the programme provided students with ‘hands-on’ experience and opportunity to apply theory learnt in classroom to a real-life fi eld situation in which students had to adapt and solve problems on daily basis. Students also felt strongly that the farm practical would contribute to their professional career and employability on graduation. However, certain perceived problems were raised by students such as lack of on-campus accommodation, delay in payment of allowances and paucity of resources. It is recommended that greater efforts are needed to mentor students to take active interest in farm practical while human and material resources strengthened to deliver this mandate.

  1. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition)Instruction to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) is a comprehensive academic journal on agricultural sciences sponsored by Northeast Agricultural University and distributed worldwide. It is a peer reviewed journal published quarterly and mainly publishes review and research articles that reflect the latest achievements on crop science, horticulture, plant protection, resource and environment, animal science, veterinary medicine, agricultural engineering and technology, agricultural water conservancy,

  2. Journal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) Instruction to Authors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Aims and Scope Jo,rnal of Northeast Agricultural University (English Edition) is a comprehensive academic journal on agricultural sciences sponsored by Northeast Agricultural University and distributed worldwide. It is a peer reviewed journal published quarterly and mainly publishes review and research articles that reflect the latest achievements on crop science, horticulture, plant protection, resource and environment, animal science, veterinary medicine, agricultural engineering and technology, agricultural water conservancy. life science, biotechnology and food science.

  3. Reliability of agriculture universal joint shafts based on temperature measuring in universal joint bearing assemblies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Asonja, A.; Desnica, E.

    2015-07-01

    This paper presents a research into reliability calculations of agriculture double universal joint shafts based on temperature measuring in cardan-type universal joint bearing assemblies. Special laboratory equipment was developed for this research which is presented in the paper. The objective of this research was to test the real life span of universal joint shafts in the laboratory and in field, to obtain the results which can be used to improve the reliability of universal joint shafts. If the presented research were used along with maintenance measures recommended in the paper and with proper use, the level of reliability of the shafts would be 2.1 times higher. The presented results of the research showed that needle bearings, i.e. bearing assemblies of the joints, are the most critical elements on universal joint shafts and are possible causes of their lower reliability. The second universal joint is the part with the lowest reliability in the observed technical system. . (Author)

  4. Spectral radiation of tree leaves in Bogor Agricultural University campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andika Purbaya, Deki; Badriyah Rushayati, Siti; Budi Prasetyo, Lilik

    2017-01-01

    Every anthropogenic activities that use fossil fuels will produce pollutants such as greenhouse gases. CO2 with other greenhouse gases increase urban air temperatures through the greenhouse effect. The aims of this study are to measure spectral radiation of several species of trees leaves in Bogor Agricultural University Campus and determine types of trees that are effective in absorbing CO2. Data was statistically analyzed based on the order of spectral radiation value. Meanwhile, grouping the ability of species to absorb CO2 was done based on normal curve distribution. Spectral radiation value is inversely proportional to the ability of plants to absorb CO2. The tree species classified as having a high ability to absorb CO2 is Tamrindus indica, Adenanthera pavoniana, Samanea saman, and Ceiba pentandra whereas the species classified as low capacity in absorbing CO2 is Annona murricata, Pterocarpus indicus, Acacia mangium, and Canangium odoratum, the rest classified as having moderate capability.

  5. Spiders of Kerala Agricultural University Campus, Thrissur, Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. K. Adarsh

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A total of 86 species of spiders belonging to 56 genera of 20 families have been recorded from the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU campus, Thrissur, Kerala, southern India.  This represents 5.1% of the total spiders’ species and 33.33% of the total families of spiders recorded in India.  The dominant spider family at KAU campus is Araneidae with 18 species of nine genera. Salticidae is represented by 14 species of 13 genera.  Out of 252 endemic spiders of India, 16 have been reported from KAU campus.  Guild structure analysis shows spiders belonging to seven types of feeding guilds present in KAU campus.  Orb-web builders are the dominant feeding guild accounting for 34%, followed by stalkers (22%, ground runners (20%, ambushers (8%, scattered line weavers (8%, foliage runners (7% and sheet-web builders (1%. 

  6. University Science and Agriculture Education in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corlett, J. T.; Macfarlane, Ian G.

    1989-01-01

    A study of enrollment and degree rates in science, agriculture, and non-sciences in developing and developed countries suggests patterns are similar, with science and agriculture degrees somewhat higher for some developing nations. Results suggest that emphasis on science and agriculture are less crucial than overall enrollment in producing…

  7. Reliability of agriculture universal joint shafts based on temperature measuring in universal joint bearing assemblies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Аleksandar Asonja

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a research into reliability calculations of agriculture double universal joint shafts based on temperature measuring in cardan-type universal joint bearing assemblies. Special laboratory equipment was developed for this research which is presented in the paper. The objective of this research was to test the real life span of universal joint shafts in the laboratory and in field, to obtain the results which can be used to improve the reliability of universal joint shafts. If the presented research were used along with maintenance measures recommended in the paper and with proper use, the level of reliability of the shafts would be 2.1 times higher. The presented results of the research showed that needle bearings, i.e. bearing assemblies of the joints, are the most critical elements on universal joint shafts and are possible causes of their lower reliability. The second universal joint is the part with the lowest reliability in the observed technical system.

  8. An Examination of University Agricultural Education Faculty Attitudes toward the Implementation of High Impact Learning Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphrey, Theresa Pesl; Odom, Summer F.; Sledd, James

    2016-01-01

    Meaningful learning is a goal across the broad field of agricultural education and high impact learning (HIL) experiences are a mechanism to facilitate that goal. The purpose of this study was to examine university agricultural education faculty attitudes toward the implementation of HIL. Faculty (n=85) from 10 agricultural education departments…

  9. The Way to Cultivate Characteristic Talents Majoring in Marketing in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Li

    2012-01-01

    In face of modern enterprises’ picky needs for marketing talents, the majority of graduates majoring in marketing from agricultural universities and colleges are often criticized due to old marketing concept, mediocre expertise, lack of practical ability and lack of communication skills in the process of searching job. It exposes the flaws of agricultural universities and colleges in training objectives of marketing talents, curriculum setting, features, teachers and their quality. The marketing education should serve the marketing practice needs, and the training mode and training way of marketing talents in agricultural universities and colleges need to be urgently reformed and improved. To satisfy the needs of enterprises, it is necessary to establish modern educational thought of marketing and training philosophy of application-based marketing talents; position the majors to highlight the characteristics of agricultural universities and colleges, cultivate all-around, application-based, inter-disciplinary marketing talents and explore new ways to cultivate agricultural marketing talents.

  10. A Survey on Pragmatic Competence of English Majors in an Agriculture University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜梅; 李红梅; 黄雁鸿

    2012-01-01

      Based on the questionnaire of 80 English majors in an agricultural university, the author tries to get a better understanding of the practical situation of their pragmatic competence. After analyzing the results in the survey, the author finds out the reasons which may cause those failures, and then puts forward proposals for teachers in the agricultural university to improve students’pragmatic competence.

  11. Climate-smart agriculture: possible roles of agricultural universities in a strengthened Norwegian climate change engagement in Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Synnevaag, Gry; Lambrou, Jayne Patricia

    2012-02-15

    The recent rise in the number of food insecure people in the world, coupled with incidences of crop failure due to adverse weather, have made world leaders increasingly aware that future climate change may severely limit our ability to feed the growing population towards 2050. So far, in addition to industrial emission control, Norwegian efforts to restrict climate change have focused on mitigation through forest protection (REDD+) and clean energy (Energy+). A third area of attention is climate-smart agriculture. Producing food in a more 'climate smart' way is seen as having three advantages: 1) Providing food for an increasing population, 2) maintaining food production under a changing climate, and 3) reducing greenhouse gas emission from agriculture while absorbing carbon in vegetation and soil. This report explores how Norway can support Africa's efforts to make agriculture more climate-smart through support to African universities.Among the three benefits of climate-smart agriculture, African farmers will be most inclined to focus on the two first, the production increase and the adaptation. Mitigation may require external support. African leaders are in the forefront of developing policies and institutional arrangements for climate-smart agriculture. Among other initiatives, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme under the African Union is in the process of preparing member states for substantial investments in agriculture. Capacity building and the generation of new knowledge are essential for the achievement of climate-smart agriculture. Given the long history of Norwegian support to agricultural research and higher agricultural education in several African countries, Norway can, without doubt, make significant contributions to African food security, now and in the future.Norwegian support to climate-smart agriculture can be based on its experience with REDD+ and Energy+ initiatives. The possible roles include: 1) Human

  12. Climate-smart agriculture: possible roles of agricultural universities in a strengthened Norwegian climate change engagement in Africa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Synnevaag, Gry; Lambrou, Jayne Patricia

    2012-02-15

    The recent rise in the number of food insecure people in the world, coupled with incidences of crop failure due to adverse weather, have made world leaders increasingly aware that future climate change may severely limit our ability to feed the growing population towards 2050. So far, in addition to industrial emission control, Norwegian efforts to restrict climate change have focused on mitigation through forest protection (REDD+) and clean energy (Energy+). A third area of attention is climate-smart agriculture. Producing food in a more 'climate smart' way is seen as having three advantages: 1) Providing food for an increasing population, 2) maintaining food production under a changing climate, and 3) reducing greenhouse gas emission from agriculture while absorbing carbon in vegetation and soil. This report explores how Norway can support Africa's efforts to make agriculture more climate-smart through support to African universities.Among the three benefits of climate-smart agriculture, African farmers will be most inclined to focus on the two first, the production increase and the adaptation. Mitigation may require external support. African leaders are in the forefront of developing policies and institutional arrangements for climate-smart agriculture. Among other initiatives, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme under the African Union is in the process of preparing member states for substantial investments in agriculture. Capacity building and the generation of new knowledge are essential for the achievement of climate-smart agriculture. Given the long history of Norwegian support to agricultural research and higher agricultural education in several African countries, Norway can, without doubt, make significant contributions to African food security, now and in the future.Norwegian support to climate-smart agriculture can be based on its experience with REDD+ and Energy+ initiatives. The possible roles include: 1) Human

  13. Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    The EPA Agriculture Resource Directory offers comprehensive, easy-to-understand information about environmental stewardship on farms and ranches; commonsense, flexible approaches that are both environmentally protective and agriculturally sound.

  14. Circadian Clock Genes Universally Control Key Agricultural Traits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendix, Claire; Marshall, Carine M; Harmon, Frank G

    2015-08-01

    Circadian clocks are endogenous timers that enable plants to synchronize biological processes with daily and seasonal environmental conditions in order to allocate resources during the most beneficial times of day and year. The circadian clock regulates a number of central plant activities, including growth, development, and reproduction, primarily through controlling a substantial proportion of transcriptional activity and protein function. This review examines the roles that alleles of circadian clock genes have played in domestication and improvement of crop plants. The focus here is on three groups of circadian clock genes essential to clock function in Arabidopsis thaliana: PSEUDO-RESPONSE REGULATORs, GIGANTEA, and the evening complex genes early flowering 3, early flowering 4, and lux arrhythmo. homologous genes from each group underlie quantitative trait loci that have beneficial influences on key agricultural traits, especially flowering time but also yield, biomass, and biennial growth habit. Emerging insights into circadian clock regulation of other fundamental plant processes, including responses to abiotic and biotic stresses, are discussed to highlight promising avenues for further crop improvement. Copyright © 2015 The Author. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. The Study on "Academic Game"-Oriented English Course Model for Postgraduates in Agricultural Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xia, Xinrong

    2010-01-01

    Based on the analysis of the questionnaire survey on learning motivation and learning needs of postgraduates and their demands and suggestions on English teaching, the paper makes a beneficial exploration on English course model for postgraduates in agricultural universities. Under the guidance of academic game theory, the "language skills+…

  16. Certified organic farming research and demonstration project by Oklahoma State University and USDA's Agricultural Research Service at Lane, Oklahoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2003, Oklahoma State University and USDA, Agricultural Research Service, South Central Agricultural Research Laboratory received organic certification for 8 acres at the Lane Agricultural Center, Lane, OK. The certified organic land was used to develop a cooperative project with a diversity of a...

  17. Motivational Strategies and Utilisation of Internet Resources as Determinants of Research Productivity of Lecturers in Universities of Agriculture in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajegbomogun, Fredrick Olatunji; Popoola, Sunday Olarenwaju

    2013-01-01

    This study examined motivational strategies and utilisation of Internet resources as determinants of research productivity of lecturers in universities of agriculture in Nigeria. One thousand, one hundred and thirty two (1,132) copies of the questionnaire were administered on the lecturers in universities of agriculture in Nigeria. Eight hundred…

  18. A preliminary checklist of odonates in Kerala Agricultural University (KAU campus, Thrissur District, Kerala, southern India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.K. Adarsh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted to document the species diversity of Odonata (Insecta of the Kerala Agricultural University (KAU campus, Thrissur, Kerala, southern India. A total of 52 species including 36 species of Anisoptera (dragonflies and 16 species of Zygoptera (damselflies were recorded during the one year long study. The study reported two Near Threatened species such as Heliogomphus promelas and Indothemis carnatica.

  19. Possibilities and Problems for Education Program in `Fieldwork' : A Case Study of "Education Program in Agricultural Environment" of the Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, Japanese higher education increases education programs that employ 'fieldwork'. However there is little verification with the object of significance of fieldwork. In this study, we conducted an analysis of 'Education Program in Agricultural Environment' of the Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, from which we derived the following conclusions. First, education programs can ride on the strength of fieldwork when exercise for "abduction" from the perspective of 'field...

  20. Academic Achievement and Personality Traits of Faculty Members of Indian Agricultural Universities: Their Effect on Teaching and Research Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramesh, P.; Reddy, K. M.; Rao, R. V. S.; Dhandapani, A.; Siva, G. Samba; Ramakrishna, A.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The present study was undertaken to assess academic achievement, teaching aptitude and research attitude of Indian agricultural universities' faculty, to predict indicators for successful teachers and researchers, and thereby enhancing the quality of higher agricultural education. Methodology: Five hundred faculty members were selected to…

  1. Ten Years' Chinese-Canadian Collaboration in Undergraduate Education in Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University of China: Curriculum Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Songliang; Caldwell, Claude; Wei, Liqing; Su, Haiyan

    2015-01-01

    The Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University-Nova Scotia Agricultural College (FAFU-NSAC) 2 + 2 undergraduate program initiated in 2003 is a model for creative collaboration between China and Canada in undergraduate education. This paper addresses the achievements of the program development and highlights the process for successful curriculum…

  2. Ten Years' Chinese-Canadian Collaboration in Undergraduate Education in Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University of China: Curriculum Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Songliang; Caldwell, Claude; Wei, Liqing; Su, Haiyan

    2015-01-01

    The Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University-Nova Scotia Agricultural College (FAFU-NSAC) 2 + 2 undergraduate program initiated in 2003 is a model for creative collaboration between China and Canada in undergraduate education. This paper addresses the achievements of the program development and highlights the process for successful curriculum…

  3. Survey and Thought on Graduates’ Repayment Awareness of Student Loan in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    To find out graduates’ repayment awareness of student loan,we conducted a questionnaire survey for those graduates who applied for student loan in Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering.The survey has following results.First,the national student loan plays an important role in assisting poor students in finishing their study.Second,graduates value social function of personal credit.Third,trustworthiness education activities carried out by colleges and universities are effective.Fourth,economic income is a major factor of graduates repaying capital with interest.Fifth,bank’s student loan management system is not perfect.Sixth,the national student loan system remains to be improved.In line with these results,we put forward five countermeasures and suggestions:strengthen the trustworthiness education of students;standardize the credit investigation management of students’ personal credit;establish student information management mechanism;standardize banks’ payment reminder administration behavior;and perfect national student loan system.

  4. Teaching Reforms and Practices of General Chemistry in Agricultural Universities%Guangzhou Chemical Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁厚群; 胡春燕; 李艳霞; 孙婷婷; 王义华

    2016-01-01

    General Chemistry is an important public basic course in agriculture, forestry, animal science, bioengineering, food engineering, environment engineering majors, etc, in agricultural universities. The main problems during teaching course were analyzed, and according to the curriculum characteristics and the teaching objectives, the teaching contents, patternsand methods were reformedand implemented. The students were found to be more interested in General Chemistry,and their practical handing capabilities were cultivated. The teaching qualityand teaching effect were obviously improved.%《普通化学》是面向高等农业院校农学、林学、动科、生工、食品、环工等专业的一门重要公共基础课。课程组分析课程存在的主要问题,结合本课程特点和教学目标,在教学内容、教学模式、教学方法等方面进行了教学改革与实践。通过这几年的教学改革与实践,不仅学生的学习兴趣和动手实践能力有了很大的进步,教学质量和教学效果也有了明显的提高。

  5. Mobile Learning Bridging the Gap in Agricultural Extension Service Delivery: Experiences from Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanga, Camilius; Mlozi, Malongo; Haug, Ruth; Tumbo, Siza

    2016-01-01

    The ubiquitous nature of mobile phones offers a noble environment where farmers can learn informally anywhere, anytime and at any location. This is an innovative way to address some of the weakness of conventional agricultural extension service. Few empirical studies have reported on the development of mobile phone application to support blended…

  6. Path of Student Volunteer Organizations in Agricultural Universities for Serving Rural Left-behind Children: A Case Study of Northwest A&F University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hua WANG; Zizhen DUAN

    2016-01-01

    Most volunteer organizations in universities focus their attention on urban communities and residents,but neglect rural residents.Agricultural universities have responsibilities and conditions to serve rural areas,and should bring into play their leading role. This study surveyed situations of volunteers of Northwest A&F University serving rural left-behind children,and found that there are problems including weak volunteer awareness,unstable organization members,imperfect organization construction,and lack of effect incentive mechanism. Finally,it came up four recommendations: strengthening " active service" ideological education,improving management system construction,establishing incentive mechanism,and setting up brand project,to provide feasible path for agricultural universities serving rural weak groups in a better way.

  7. Comprehensive UAV agricultural remote-sensing research at Texas A M University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomasson, J. Alex; Shi, Yeyin; Olsenholler, Jeffrey; Valasek, John; Murray, Seth C.; Bishop, Michael P.

    2016-05-01

    Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have advantages over manned vehicles for agricultural remote sensing. Flying UAVs is less expensive, is more flexible in scheduling, enables lower altitudes, uses lower speeds, and provides better spatial resolution for imaging. The main disadvantage is that, at lower altitudes and speeds, only small areas can be imaged. However, on large farms with contiguous fields, high-quality images can be collected regularly by using UAVs with appropriate sensing technologies that enable high-quality image mosaics to be created with sufficient metadata and ground-control points. In the United States, rules governing the use of aircraft are promulgated and enforced by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and rules governing UAVs are currently in flux. Operators must apply for appropriate permissions to fly UAVs. In the summer of 2015 Texas A&M University's agricultural research agency, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, embarked on a comprehensive program of remote sensing with UAVs at its 568-ha Brazos Bottom Research Farm. This farm is made up of numerous fields where various crops are grown in plots or complete fields. The crops include cotton, corn, sorghum, and wheat. After gaining FAA permission to fly at the farm, the research team used multiple fixed-wing and rotary-wing UAVs along with various sensors to collect images over all parts of the farm at least once per week. This article reports on details of flight operations and sensing and analysis protocols, and it includes some lessons learned in the process of developing a UAV remote-sensing effort of this sort.

  8. Functions on the Job in Relation to Data, People, and Things among Agricultural Students from Southern Land-Grant Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zekeri, Andrew A.; Warren, Rueben

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses data from a sample of agriculture graduates from selected land-grant universities in the south to examine workers' functions on the job in relation to data, people, and things as described in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles. Tabular analysis was conducted using gamma and Pearson's correlation as measures of association.…

  9. The Relationship between Motivation and Achievement--A Survey of the Study Motivation of English Majors in Qingdao Agricultural University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Peipei; Pan, Guirong

    2009-01-01

    The survey conducted in Qingdao Agricultural University reveals the relationship between motivation and achievement as follows: instrumental motivation influences both high achievers and low achiever; while high achievers have greater integrative motivation than lower ones; Interest plays an extremely important role in study and high achievers…

  10. Making Agriculture Curricula Competence-Oriented While Inserting Issues on Gender and Climate Change at Vietnamese Universities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosma, R.H.; Phung, L.D.; Le, An V.; Ngo, An T.; Tran, Hang M.T.; Pham, Son H.; Wals, A.E.J.

    2016-01-01

    Many academic curricula suffer from a teacher­ centred focus on knowledge transfer and do not consider the societal needs for competences. This paper reflects on the transformation from theory­ centred towards competency-oriented curricula at three Vietnamese Agriculture Universities with support of

  11. A Mass Media Profile of Agricultural Scientists at Texas A&M University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tedrick, William E.

    The way in which agricultural scientists of the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station research staff pereive aspects of the uses and importance of the mass media in communicating their research work was surveyed. The profile developed from the 65 responses to the survey shows that agricultural scientists place only moderate importance on mass…

  12. Students of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra as Object of the Research Results in Developing Foreign Language Writing Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ľubomíra MORAVCOVÁ

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Writing in the foreign language is one of the most important language skills students develop and improve at the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra. Strong writing skills are essential to their future success, whether they are related to writing general reports on agricultural issues at home or in the world as well as to working-out some research papers aimed at agriculture, but also at some other areas of the business world. We have to state that writing is perhaps one of the most difficult skills students can develop and improve at our University. They learn how to write effectively, they are encouraged to develop an awareness of themselves as students - writers and essay authors. This paper deals with the essay writing analysis in teaching foreign languages at the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra, particularly from the point of their final results. The research was carried out in the Department of Languages and we present in our paper the results students achieved in writing essays in the two compared years, 2007 and 2010.

  13. The Quantum Computing Conscious Universe and The Extended Deep Ecology Hypothesis: Implications for Medicine, Agriculture and Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monendra Grover

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The human consciousness has been proposed to have several levels of consciousness, some of which are higher than others. I propose that the universe also has several levels of consciousness. To quantify the states of consciousness I propose the term consciousness vector. I further propose a extended deep ecology hypothesis which states that all human activity, including in the fields of medicine, agriculture and technology should be targeted so as to achieve the highest levels of consciousness of the universe (or the highest magnitude of the consciousness vector. The elementary particles have been proposed to have consciousness which is “lost” in bigger chunks of non living mater due to quantum decoherence. The non-living matter may also become quantum coherent in the higher states of consciousness of the universe. Thus I envisage that higher levels of consciousness of universe would include non living matter which may become conscious in the described state of consciousness of universe.

  14. 76 FR 34187 - Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities (HSACU) Certification Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Matthew Lockhart, Senior Policy Specialist; National Institute of Food and Agriculture; U... science, technology, engineering and mathematics, especially in urban settings. Lehman College of the...

  15. Higher Agricultural Universities Serve for "Sannong" by Offering English Human Resources Support System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Youqin; Cheng, Baole

    2008-01-01

    This paper puts higher agricultural English education how to serve for "Sannong" construction as priority, combining the actual market demand, based on teaching reform in the past few years, tries to explore English nurturing model and curriculum system for real delivery the agriculture-related qualified foreign language professionals.…

  16. The Quantum Computing Conscious Universe and The Extended Deep Ecology Hypothesis: Implications for Medicine, Agriculture and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Monendra Grover

    2011-01-01

    The human consciousness has been proposed to have several levels of consciousness, some of which are higher than others. I propose that the universe also has several levels of consciousness. To quantify the states of consciousness I propose the term consciousness vector. I further propose a extended deep ecology hypothesis which states that all human activity, including in the fields of medicine, agriculture and technology should be targeted so as to achieve the highest levels of consciousnes...

  17. Making Agriculture Curricula Competence-Oriented While Inserting Issues on Gender and Climate Change at Vietnamese Universities

    OpenAIRE

    R. H. Bosma; Phung, L.D.; Le, An V.; Ngo, An T.; Tran, Hang M.T.; Pham, Son H.; Wals, A.E.J.

    2016-01-01

    Many academic curricula suffer from a teacher­ centred focus on knowledge transfer and do not consider the societal needs for competences. This paper reflects on the transformation from theory­ centred towards competency-oriented curricula at three Vietnamese Agriculture Universities with support of a Netherlands-funded project. Experts guided the implementation, from analysis of labour market to evaluation of new courses. Based on students' evaluation and lecturers' experiences, both types o...

  18. 77 FR 68679 - Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities (HSACU)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... Community College Eastern New Mexico University-Main Campus New Mexico Highlands University New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology Northern New Mexico College Santa Fe Community College University of New Mexico-Main Campus Western New Mexico University New York (4)......

  19. 77 FR 25036 - Hispanic-Serving Agricultural Colleges and Universities (HSACU) Certification Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ..., General 01.1102, Agronomy and Crop Science 01.1103, Horticultural Science 01.1104, Agricultural and... Management 01.1199, Plant Sciences, Other 01.1201, Soil Science and Agronomy, General 01.1202, Soil...

  20. The Two Cultures of Science:Implications for University-Industry Relationships in the U.S. Agriculture Biotechnology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    William B. Lacy; Leland L. Glenna; Dina Biscotti; Rick Welsh; Kate Clancy

    2014-01-01

    Partnerships between U.S. universities and industries have existed for several decades and in recent years have become generally more varied, wider in scope, more aggressive and experimental and higher in public visibility. In addition, in the last few decades, public and private interests have advocated for government policies and laws to globally promote the commercialization of university science. This paper examines the persistence or convergence of the two cultures of science and the implications of this commercialization for university-industry relationships in agriculture biotechnology. The perceptions and values of over 200 U.S. university and industry scientists, managers and administrators who participate in or oversee research collaborations in agricultural biotechnology were analyzed. The ifndings revealed that the participants in these research relationships continue to perceive very distinct cultures of science and identify a wide range of concerns and disadvantages of these partnerships. Several actions were discussed to ensure that the two cultures serve complementary roles and that they maximize the public beneifts from these increasing collaborations.

  1. An introduction of internationalisation in food science doctoral program: a case study of Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunaefi, D

    2010-01-01

    The Department of Food Science and Technology- Bogor Agricultural University (DFST-IPB), Indonesia is one of the oldest Departments of its kind in Indonesia. The Department has been founded since 1964 under the Faculty of Agricultural Engineering and Technology. The Department has a core competence in the area of food science and technology, particularly in the development of food chemistry, food microbiology, food process engineering, food analysis, food quality and safety. The Department offers educational programs: Undergraduate Program in Food Technology and Master as well as Doctorate Program in Food Science. The Master and Doctorate Program are enrolled by 35 students annually. Globalisation as a global phenomenon has been influencing DFST doctoral program as internationalization in response to globalization is a common feature in majority universities. Facing this challenge, DFST Doctorate Program's has made some efforts to provide students with international atmosphere, including having international guest lecturers, inviting prospective international students, and initiating join program with international universities. In addition, research focusing in tropical food and collaboration with international universities may need to be improved to widen the network, increase publication and place DFST doctorate program visible in the international forum. This paper is intended to reveal the perceived challenges of globalization for food science doctoral program (DFST-IPB) and to what extent and in what form internationalization has been achieved. However, it should be noted that this article is selective rather than comprehensive in reflecting on the internationalization process of food science doctoral program (DFST-IPB).

  2. [The discussion of the infiltrative model of chemical knowledge stepping into genetics teaching in agricultural institute or university].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Ping; Luo, Pei-Gao

    2010-05-01

    Chemistry is an important group of basic courses, while genetics is one of the important major-basic courses in curriculum of many majors in agricultural institutes or universities. In order to establish the linkage between the major course and the basic course, the ability of application of the chemical knowledge previously learned in understanding genetic knowledge in genetics teaching is worthy of discussion for genetics teachers. In this paper, the authors advocate to apply some chemical knowledge previously learned to understand genetic knowledge in genetics teaching with infiltrative model, which could help students learn and understand genetic knowledge more deeply. Analysis of the intrinsic logistic relationship among the knowledge of different courses and construction of the integral knowledge network are useful for students to improve their analytic, comprehensive and logistic abilities. By this way, we could explore a new teaching model to develop the talents with new ideas and comprehensive competence in agricultural fields.

  3. Design, Implementation and Assessment of Videoconferencing Sessions in Earth and Life Sciences: The Case of the Agricultural University of Athens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Papadopoulos

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the methodology employed in the Agricultural University of Athens for the delivery of specific courses with the use of video conferencing technology. Earth and Life Science higher education courses (agricultural, environmental and biomedical courses present specific requirements relevant to the exposure of the students to practical issues, and the exchange of expertise. The employment of video conferencing seems be a valuable solution for addressing a number of these requirements. We describe these requirements as they emerged from our study, and present the implementation of video conferencing sessions (design, application, and assessment. Through this paper we aim at describing examples of meaningful employment of video conferencing, particularly in higher education, share the positive and negative aspects of our approach, and provide insights for similar interventions in education and training.

  4. A living demonstration of certified organic farming by Oklahoma State University and USDA, Agricultural Research Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Organic crop production is the fastest growing portion of U.S. agriculture, increasing a minimum of 20% annually during the last 15 years. The establishment of federal guidelines for organic certification in 2002 provided a structure for producers and processors to market certified organic foods. ...

  5. Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biscotti, Dina Louise

    Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices

  6. [Nutrition mode evaluation among University of Agriculture students in Szczecin in 2006. Part III. Coffee, tea, alcohol, smoking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seidler, Teresa; Szczuko, Małgorzata

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this inquiry study carried out in the midst of Szczecin University of Agriculture students, was to define the alcohol, coffee, tea and drugs consumption and also smoking. About 53-73% of the students declared to drink alcohol. Women preferred bear and men--wine. Smoking was practiced by 40% of men and 27% of women. Students from Szczecin preferred to drink coffee than tea. About 11% of the group of students has had episodic contact with drugs. Mostly with marihuana.

  7. Environmental Programs within the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitzthum, Edward F.; Gold, Roger E.

    1987-01-01

    Describes the interdisciplinary activities of the extension unit known as the Office of Environmental Programs at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Focuses on the coordination and training involved in programs dealing with pest management and water quality. (TW)

  8. Analysis of the some effective teaching quality factors within faculty members of agricultural and natural resources colleges in Tehran University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ghonji

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural higher education institutions have a significant role in development of the agriculture sector and the effectiveness of higher education is dependent on the quality of teaching offered by its faculty members. The purpose of this study was to determine and classify factors related to teaching quality by members of a scientific board. The method of evaluation for this research was by evaluation of data from a descriptive survey taken with a researcher made questionnaire. The target population of the study consisted of 256 faculty members in agricultural colleges in Tehran University. A sample of 100 staff was selected through a randomized multi-stage sampling method based on the Koukran formula. The questionnaire, used as the research tool, was verified by a panel of experts. The reliability of the questionnaire was verified through calculating the Crookback Alpha coefficient equal to 0/86 following a pilot study. Data was analyzed through SPSS15/Win and results of the explorative factor analysis revealed that five components explained 74/82% of the total variance. These factors were as follows; (1 lesson plan (19.52%, (2 teaching skill (17.97%, (3 communication skills (17.93%, (4 expertise related to lesson content (10.59%, and (5 individual capabilities of members (9.15% respectively.

  9. Evaluation of Skills Needed in College Education by Colleges of Agriculture Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land Grant Universities in Alabama and Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zekeri, Andrew A.; Baba, Pauline A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine college skills Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee rated as essential to acquire in their college education. The data are from a survey of colleges of agriculture alumni who graduated from six land-grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee. IBM SPSS Statistical…

  10. Evaluation of Skills Needed in College Education by Colleges of Agriculture Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land Grant Universities in Alabama and Tennessee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zekeri, Andrew A.; Baba, Pauline A.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine college skills Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee rated as essential to acquire in their college education. The data are from a survey of colleges of agriculture alumni who graduated from six land-grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee. IBM SPSS Statistical…

  11. 世界一流农业大学的内涵及建设路径%Connotation and Construction Path of World-Class Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱冰莹; 董维春

    2016-01-01

    As world-class university, a world-class agricultural university must have several world-class ag-ricultural and relative disciplines which reflect the common characteristics of research university and also have the personality attractiveness of agricultural disciplines’ advantage and public welfare behavior based on the ra-tional judgment of knowledge production. This paper analyzed the development of both world-class agricultural universities in foreign countries and Chinese agricultural universities based on the indexes of QS, NTU-Ranking and ESI disciplines. The experience of several models of construction path of world-class agricultural universities indicates that keeping the advantage of agricultural disciplines, breaking the knowledge bottleneck and promoting collaborative innovation are the indispensable pathways for the construction of world-class universities in China.%基于知识生产的理性判断,作为“一流大学”,世界一流农业大学是拥有若干世界一流农业及相关学科的大学,具有研究型大学的共性特征及农科优势、公益行为等个性特征。基于QS、NTU及ESI学科等排行指标,对世界顶尖涉农大学及中国涉农高校进行现实考察。借鉴世界顶尖涉农大学的发展经验得出:保持农业学科竞争优势、突破知识瓶颈以及推动协同创新是中国建设世界一流农业大学的必然路径。

  12. Applications of a universal optothermal window detector for samples of agricultural purpose.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Favier, J.P.; Iersel, van M.; Dóka, O.; Koenderman, I.; Schouten, F.; Asselt, van K.; Bicanic, D.; Helander, P.

    1996-01-01

    The optothermal window (OW) described here is a practical and easy to use sensor that enables one to calculate the optical absorption coefficient of fluid and semi fluid samples from the measured optothermal signal. The potential of this new and universal device is demonstrated in studies on liquids

  13. Urban Agriculture Practices and Health Problems among Farmers Operating on a University Campus in Kumasi, Ghana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nana O.B. Ackerson

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Urban agriculture, a world-wide practice, faces both environmental and health challenges. Farmers are susceptible to occupational and other water-related health risks. The research identified health problems related to urban agricultural farming through farmers’ social characteristics and agricultural practices. Thorough interviews, using structured questionnaires, were carried out. Sixty three farmers responded to questions ranging from agricultural practices to health problems encountered. The findings showed that farmers apply both organic and inorganic fertilisers while 97% used pesticides of varying active ingredients at different application rates. Only 10% used personal protective clothing during the application of pesticides. Overhead irrigation was carried out using a watering can. Eighty four percent and 13% of the respondents utilised water from shallow wells and shallow wells mixed with contaminated stream, respectively. Besides schistosomiasis and cholera, other bacterial diseases, nematode infections, malaria, headaches, dermatological, visual, cardiac, and respiratory problems were common health complaints. Headache complaints were the most common (75%.L’agriculture urbaine, une pratique qui a cours dans le monde entier, est confrontée à des défis d’ordre environnemental et sanitaire. Les agriculteurs sont exposés à divers risques professionnels, et notamment à ceux que l'eau peut poser pour leur santé. Cette étude a identifié les problèmes de santé liés à l’agriculture urbaine en fonction des caractéristiques sociales et des pratiques des agriculteurs. Des entretiens approfondis ont été conduits en suivant des questionnaires structurés. Soixante-trois fermiers ont répondu aux questions, qui abordaient leurs pratiques agricoles ainsi que leurs problèmes de santé. Les résultats montrent que les fermiers emploient aussi bien des engrais organiques que non organiques, et que 97 % utilisent des pesticides

  14. 农科院校有机化学课程教学改革研究%Discussion on Teaching Reform of Organic Chemistry in Agriculture University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈长水; 徐胜臻; 曹秀芳; 张青叶

    2013-01-01

    以华中农业大学为例,从更新教学理念,精选课程教学内容,改进教学方法与手段,完善考核方法几方面,阐述了农科院校有机化学课程教学改革.%With Huazhong Agricultural University as example, teaching reform of organic chemistry in agricultural universities were elaborated from aspects of selecting teaching content, improving teaching method and way, perfecting assessment method.

  15. Comparative assessment of agricultural technology generating practices in universities and research institutes in north central zone of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gbolagade Benjamin Adesiji

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available To understand the technology generating practices among universities and research institutes in north central zone of Nigeria, this study examined sources of funds for technology generating activities, compared agro-technology generating practices and identified constraining factors hindering technology generating practices. One hundred and fifty-two academic staff were randomly selected from universities and one hundred and thirty-six respondents were drawn from research institutes. Validated questionnaires with reliability coefficient of r = 0.92 were used to elicit data. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Likert-scale, T-test and Factor analysis. Majority (93.4% of universities’ respondents used their personal funds to generate new technology compared to their counterparts in research institutes. The most widely employed mechanism for generating agricultural technologies was joint radio programmes (mean = 3.38 while the least was biotechnology (mean = 2.57. Major areas of differences in technology generation between the two institutions were the physical distance (t = 13.54; P < 0.05, farmers participation in field research trials (t = 8.50; P < 0.05, farmers co-finance of adaptive research trials (t = 3.77; P < 0.05 and adequate research facilities and incentives to workers (t = 2.05; P < 0.05. Factors constraining technology generation for universities were poor access to knowledge and information on new innovation (r = 0.815 while for research institutes it was limited physical resources (ICT, Telephone (r = 0.801. It was recommended therefore that respondents should look into options of writing alternate fund proposals and submitting to a wider range of funding bodies. Governance of innovation could be strengthened through the formation of a formal technological linkage advisory council.

  16. The College of Tropical Agriculture at the University of Hawaii: A Case Study in the U.S. Application of Science and Technology to Development in Developing Countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlie, Theodore W.; And Others

    Presented is a case study of a college program focused upon the application of science and technology to development in less developed countries. The activities described are those of the University of Hawaii's College of Tropical Agriculture. This program's history, components, problems, and future prospects are discussed in an attempt to learn…

  17. Academic Support Program in the Faculty of Agricultural and Forestry Engineering of the University of Cordoba (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Sergio; Navarro, Rafael M.; Camacho, Emilio; Gallardo, Rosa; García-Ferrer, Alfonso; Pérez-Marín, M. Dolores; Peña, Adolfo; Taguas, Encarnación V.

    2014-05-01

    The incorporation of new students to undergraduate degrees is performed in different stages through a long, sequential enrollment process. The student integration to the new context of higher education including group work and new teaching methodologies lead to notable adaptation difficulties to this new educational environment. In fact, the highest rate of student failure in the Bachelor degree usually happens during the first courses. The Unit of Quality Evaluation/Monitoring of School of Agricultural and Forest Engineering (ETSIAM) has detected that these failure rates at first and second degree course may be reduced through the involvement of students in a support learning process, by increasing their skills and motivation as well as the contact with the University environment in the context of their future professional horizon. In order to establish a program of this type, it has been launched an Academic Support Program (ASP) at the ETSIAM. This program aims to achieve and reinforce the basic academic and personal skills/competences require by the Bologna's process (BC) and specific competences of the engineers on the area of Agriculture and Forestry in the European context. The ASP includes diferent bloks of seminars, lectures, collaborative work and discussion groups among students, professionals, professors and researchers and it has been designed based on these competences and tranversal contents in both degrees. These activities are planned in a common time for both degrees, out of teaching classes. In addition, a virtual space in Moodle has been created for discussion forums and preparation activities. Additional information about schedules, speakers and companies, presentations and other material are also provided. In the preliminary implementation of the ASP, we will present the results corresponding to the first year of this academic support program. We have conducted a survey among the students in order to have a first feedback about the impact of

  18. Third cycle university studies in Europe in the field of agricultural engineering and in the emerging discipline of biosystems engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayuga, F; Briassoulis, D; Aguado, P; Farkas, I; Griepentrog, H; Lorencowicz, E

    2010-01-01

    The main objectives of European Thematic Network entitled 'Education and Research in Agricultural for Biosystems Engineering in Europe (ERABEE-TN)' is to initiate and contribute to the structural development and the assurance of the quality assessment of the emerging discipline of Biosystems Engineering in Europe. ERABEE is co-financed by the European Community in the framework of the LLP Programme. The partnership consists of 35 participants from 27 Erasmus countries, out of which 33 are Higher Education Area Institutions (EDU) and 2 are Student Associations (ASS). 13 Erasmus participants (e.g. Thematic Networks, Professional Associations, and Institutions from Brazil, Croatia, Russia and Serbia) are also involved in the Thematic Network through synergies. To date, very few Biosystems Engineering programs exist in Europe and those that are initiated are at a very primitive stage of development. The innovative and novel goal of the Thematic Network is to promote this critical transition, which requires major restructuring in Europe, exploiting along this direction the outcomes accomplished by its predecessor; the USAEE-TN (University Studies in Agricultural Engineering in Europe). It also aims at enhancing the compatibility among the new programmes of Biosystems Engineering, aiding their recognition and accreditation at European and International level and facilitating greater mobility of skilled personnel, researchers and students. One of the technical objectives of ERABEE is dealing with mapping and promoting the third cycle studies (including European PhDs) and supporting the integration of research at the 1st and 2nd cycle regarding European Biosystems Engineering university studies. During the winter 2008 - spring 2009 period, members of ERABEE conducted a survey on the contemporary status of doctoral studies in Europe, and on a possible scheme for promotion of cooperation and synergies in the framework of the third cycle of studies and the European Doctorate

  19. Quality evaluation of commercially sold table water samples in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria and surrounding environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.O. Okorie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria (MOUAU and surrounding environments, table water of different brands is commercially hawked by vendors. To the best of our knowledge, there is no scientific documentation on the quality of these water samples. Hence this study which evaluated the quality of different brands of water samples commercially sold in MOUAU and surrounding environments. The physicochemical properties (pH, total dissolved solids (TDS, biochemical oxygen demand (BOD, total hardness, dissolved oxygen, Cl, NO3, ammonium nitrogen (NH3N, turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS, Ca, Mg, Na and K of the water samples as indices of their quality were carried out using standard techniques. Results obtained from this study indicated that most of the chemical constituents of these table water samples commercially sold in Umudike environment conformed to the standards given by the Nigerian Industrial Standard (NIS, World Health Organization (WHO and American Public Health Association (APHA, respectively, while values obtained for ammonium nitrogen in these water samples calls for serious checks on methods of their production and delivery to the end users.

  20. Role of Library and Information Professionals as Teachers and Trainers in Agricultural Education : an Experience of the Kerala Agricultural University, India

    OpenAIRE

    Francis, A. T.; Abdul Razak, C.; Humayoon Kabir, K.

    2006-01-01

    One of the important reasons for the under utilization of electronic information is the lack of requisite level of working knowledge and consumption skills among customers and information intermediaries. So, the conventional user education programmes need be redefined and reengineered with more emphasis on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). It should be designed in such a way to provide confidence to the users in locating desired information. There are 38 Agricultural Univ...

  1. 农业高校科技成果转化实践——以福建农林大学为例%Practice Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements in Agricultural Colleges and Universities ——Example for Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴毅贵

    2011-01-01

    The article analyzes the current situation of transformation of agricultural sci-tech achievements in agricultural colleges and universities,in cluding the the characteristics of agricultural sci-tech achievements,fund investment,the guide of the policies on college scientific research and extension staff.Basing on these,discusseing the practice of transformation of agricultura sci-tech in Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University:correct scientific research topic selection,good policy guide,intimate University-Industry Cooperation and perfect agricultural technical demonstration bases.These are all keys to to improving the rate of transformation of sci-tech achievements in agricultural Colleges and Universities.%对当前农业高校科技成果自身特性、转化资金投入、科研政策导向和推广队伍存在的问题做了分析,以多个角度探讨了福建农林大学农业科技成果转化实践:正确的科研选题、良好的政策导向、密切的产学研合作以及完善的示范基地建设对提高农业高校科技成果转化率的重要性。

  2. Beyond Professionalizing the Agricultural Curriculum for Poverty Alleviation and Prosperity: A Case Study of the School of Agriculture and Natural Resources of the Catholic University Institute of Buea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kima, Laetitia Ako; Mobit, Mbohjim Othniel; Ndzeshala, Takwi Solange; Itoe, Salome Mokabe; Bernard, Nyindem Asongwe

    2016-01-01

    Education has been recognized as crucial for poverty alleviation through the harnessing of human formation and creativity. However, limited success has been achieved in Cameroon under traditional university approaches, as evidenced by a high unemployment rate among graduates and concerns about the lack of business ethics and values…

  3. Improving Peer Learning for Students' Academic Performance: The Case of Second Year Rural Development and Agricultural Extension Students, College of Agriculture, Wolaita Sodo University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebeyehu, Bogale; Regasa, Guta

    2016-01-01

    Modern universities are facing challenges due to the increasing number of young people attending higher education. The sheer number of students raises the question of how to organize teaching-learning activities that allow the students to become active learners and engaged participants in academic discussions within their disciplines rather than…

  4. Evolution of the Patent Cooperation Network of Agricultural Universities in China%我国农业高校专利合作网络演化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阳; 杜艳艳

    2015-01-01

    Based on the patent data of 36 agricultural universities in China from 1985 to 2014,using social network analysis and patent a-nalysis,the general characteristics of network structure evolution and the evolution features of the sub-networks of university-university,u-niversity-research institute,and university-industry are analyzed,and the patent cooperation network evolution path and the core agricultur-al universities functioning actively in the networks are identified. Results show that the network evolution involves certain phases in gener-al; the evolution of each sub-network has its own characteristics,the cooperation among core agricultural universities has different charac-teristics.%以我国36所农业高校为研究对象,以各高校1985-2014年在国家知识产权局申请的发明专利为基础,运用社会网络分析方法和专利分析法,分析各发展阶段合作网络结构演化的总体特征,及高校与高校合作子网、高校与科研机构合作子网、高校与企业合作子网所呈现的演化特征,明确专利合作网络演化路径,观察各高校与高校、科研院所、企业合作关系的变化。识别核心高校,并深度分析其在网络中特征的演化。结果表明网络演化呈现阶段化特征,各子网演化有自己的特点,核心农业高校合作特点也不尽相同。

  5. Study on the Operating Mechanism and Practice concerning Undergraduate Teaching Quality Assurance in the Chinese Agriculture-related Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongming; SHEN

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the connotation of the undergraduate teaching quality assurance system in agriculture-related colleges and universities,and takes Southwest University Rongchang Campus for example to probe into the long-term operating mechanism of multidimensional integrated quality assurance system as well as the sound teaching quality monitoring and management system building assurance system and operational practice effect involving personnel training programs,teaching element control,supervision and control of the teaching process,supervision and control of teaching effectiveness,teaching assurance policy and system,teaching funding system,teaching technical support guarantee,and teaching environment building guarantee,with the purpose of providing a reference for the Chinese universities and colleges to improve the teaching quality.

  6. 中国农业类高等院校发展战略规划探析%Development Strategy of China's Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李洁光; 胡文涛

    2015-01-01

    With the strategic plan widely used in many fields, the development strategic plan of the universities and colleges in their management has gradually become a important subject. The implementation of strategic plan of agricultural universities and colleges in China is a systematic project, which depends on the scientific establishment, effective practice, effective assessment and scientific operation of the strategic plan of agricultural universities and colleges in China. Therefore China's agricultural universities and colleges should strengthen and improve the research, attach importance to the top-level design, strive to form a strategic consensus, and continuously improve the implementation effectiveness of the plan.%随着战略规划不断地在更多领域中的广泛应用,高等院校发展战略规划在其管理中也渐渐成为一个重要课题。中国农业类高等院校战略规划的实现是一个系统工程,基本依赖于中国农业类高等院校发展战略规划的科学制定、有效实践、有效的评估监控和科学运行。这就要求中国农业类高校必须加强和提高院校研究,重视顶层设计,努力形成战略共识,不断提高规划实施的有效性。

  7. Caracteristicas de los Estudiantes de Ciencias Agricolas y de Economia Domestica de la Universidad de Puerto Rico (Characteristics of the Agricultural Science and Home Economics Students of the University of Puerto Rico). Publicacion 135.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lube, Edna Droz; Calero, Reinaldo

    As part of a U.S. Department of Agriculture research project on young adults, a questionnaire was distributed in the fall of 1977 to all agriculture science and home economics students at the University of Puerto Rico in order to determine their personal and parental backgrounds; work, college, and high school experiences; life goals and attitudes…

  8. Ethnography of a Sustainable Agriculture Program: A Case Study of a Social Movement's Inception and Growth on a University Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triana, Benjamin

    2016-01-01

    This ethnography documents how the message of sustainability was interpreted and communicated through a sustainable agricultural (SAG) program at an American higher education institution. The ethnography documents the evolution of the program as the program tackled obstacles and accomplished its goals during the initial phases of the program's…

  9. [Nutrition mode eavulation among University of Agriculture students in Szczecin in 2006. Part II. Consumption of enriched food and supplements].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szczuko, Małgorzata; Seidler, Teresa

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate intake of enriched food and diet supplementation by 126 Academy of Agriculture students (mostly women). The information was taken by "Face to face" interview. Enriched food was eaten by 68.8% of the persons. Mostly were used juices (31.4%), milk products and breakfast cereals, especially during breakfast. Supplementation was practiced by 49.2% students, by own decision. Predominantly they were vitamin and mineral confections (46.8% interview participants).

  10. 农业高校教师工作满意度的实证研究%Empirical Study on Teachers' Job Satisfication in Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚江林; 青平

    2011-01-01

    以农业高校教师为研究对象,通过问卷调查,对教师的工作满意度现状、影响因素进行了分析.研究显示,当前农业高校教师的工作满意度整体不高;上级管理、发展机会、生活条件正向影响工作满意度,工作压力负向影响工作满意度,而人际关系则可以显著调节上述关系.据此,提出了提高教师工作满意度的对策.%As the subjects are teachers in agricultural university, through questionnaires, the status of teachers' job satisfaction and effect factors were analyzed. Studies have shown that the current teachers' job satisfaction in agricultural university is not high; superior management, opportunities of development and living conditions have positive effects on the job satisfaction, while work stress has negative effect on job satisfaction, and relationships can significantly adjust the relations. Accordingly, the measures to improve teachers' job satisfaction are proposed.

  11. Discussion on Laboratory Safety Management in Agricultural University%浅谈农业院校实验室安全管理体系的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春元; 邢小萍; 程月琴

    2012-01-01

    The safety management is one of the most important contents of laboratory management in colleges and universities.The teachers,students and workers in the laboratories of agricultural institutions often confront the multiple risks of chemical,physical and biological factors,thus the safety management in these institutions come to be a particular importance.Through the discussion on the related aspects,including the perfection of laboratory safety management system,establishment of responsibility and duty,reinforcement of safety education,improvement of safety consciousness of staff,increasing of investment for safety facilities as well as the improvement of teaching environment,the present work investigated the establishment of laboratory management in agricultural colleges and universities.It was suggested that the establishment of safety management system play a key role in the safety management of laboratories in agricultural institutions.%安全管理是高等院校实验室管理工作的最重要内容之一。农科类实验室多面临化学、物理、生物类诸多危险因素,安全管理工作尤为重要。从完善实验室安全管理制度、明确安全职责、强化实验室安全意识、加强安全教育、加大安全设施投入及改善实验教学环境等方面着手,对实验室安全管理体系的构建进行探讨,并提出了在实际工作中构建实验室安全管理体系是实验室安全建设的关键。

  12. 都市型农业院校计算机专业人才培养现状及对策%Status and Countermeasures of Computer Professional Training in Urban Agricultural Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰彬

    2012-01-01

    都市型高等农业教育是北京农学院在近年的实践中探索出来的人才培养模式,在介绍计算机专业人才培养现状的基础上,提出都市型农业院校计算机专业人才培养的对策,以期寻找更加有效的途径来培养优秀的农业信息化应用型人才。%Urban higher agricultural education is a new talent training mode explored by Beijing University of Agriculture through the practice in recent years.Based on the introduction of talent training status in computer specialty ,the countermeasures of computer professional training in urban agricultural universities were proposed, so as to explore more effective ways to train excellent applied talents of agricultural information.

  13. Citation Analysis of Dissertations in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology: A Case Study of G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hema Haldua

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Citation analysis and ranking of journals are key aspects of knowledge management and collection development in academic and research libraries. This paper aims to assist the library collection development in order to fulfill the needs of scientists and research scholars. The study covered the period 1998–2010 and used the reference lists of dissertations submitted by the doctoral students of the molecular biology and biotechnology sciences at the G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, India. The findings of the study showed that citation analysis is a valid, reliable and practical method to provide reasonably accurate information on the use of molecular biology and biotechnology literature by doctoral students. Publishing research in high-quality journals is an integral part of academic life. Therefore, researchers often refer to journal rankings when making decisions to submit and publish their research findings.

  14. 农科有机化学教学中的几个小方法%Some Teaching Methods of Organic Chemistry in Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵李霞; 叶非; 付颖

    2011-01-01

    The organic chemistry course in agricultural university was an important basic disciplines, involving a wide range of teaching, content and infiltration of multiple disciplines. Learning well of organic chemistry, postgraduate students could lay a solid f%农业院校中的有机化学课程是一门重要的基础学科,教学涉及范围广,内容渗透多个学科。学好有机化学,能够为学生的学习深造和工作实践打下坚实的基础,具有非常重要的意义。笔者探讨了农科有机化学教学中的几个小方法,改善课堂教学效果,提高学生学习积极性。

  15. The research of teaching methods of organic chemistry in agricultural university%高等农业院校有机化学教学方法探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵李霞; 叶非; 付颖

    2013-01-01

      探讨了农科有机化学教学中有机合成的教学方法,引导学生在熟悉有机化合物性质的基础上绘制有机化合物化学性质框图,提高了学生学习的积极性,改善了课堂教学效果,能够为学生的学习深造和工作实践打下坚实的基础。%Discussed the teaching method of organic chemistry in agricultural university,guiding students to draw diagram of organic compounds on the basis of their chemical property,improving learning initiative of students, enhancing teaching effectiveness in classroom,laying a solid foundation for students to continue learning and work practice.

  16. Reform and Practice of Teaching on Organic Chemistry at Agricultural University%农业院校有机化学教学改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴苏琴; 聂旭亮; 陈金珠; 邓昌晞

    2011-01-01

    有机化学是农业院校中重要的专业基础课。随着科技的发展,有机化学课内容在不断充实,教学课时却减少,针对此现状,笔者根据多年的教学经验,从教学方法,教学内容,教学手段,成绩评价等方面提出了改革措施,实践证明,改革有效的提高了教学效果。%Organic chemistry has been an important basic course for the major of agricultural university.Based on the practices of abundant contents and short credit-hour,some reform about teaching methods,contents,means and evaluation of studying were summerized.It was proved that the effect was improved.

  17. Study on Asynchronous MES Teaching Approach for Discipline of College Japanese in Characteristic Campus of Agriculture-related Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming; XU

    2015-01-01

    This paper made scientific analysis on asynchronous MES for discipline of College Japanese in characteristic campus of agriculturerelated universities. It made modular design for discipline of College Japanese in emotional concept,language skill,language knowledge,learning strategy,and cultural quality combining students’ demands and education and teaching rules. Relying on Internet and Mobile Internet aided teaching platform,it came up with " Integration- Separation- Integration" asynchronous teaching approach. The practice indicates that teaching effect of such approach is remarkable. However,asynchronous MES for discipline of College Japanese raises higher requirement for interaction between teachers and students and voluntary effort of teachers.

  18. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guo-Yin; Yu, Hou-Yong; Zhang, Cai-Hong; Zhou, Ying; Yao, Ju-Ming

    2016-02-01

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature ( T max) of 368.9-388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites.

  19. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Guo-Yin; Yu, Hou-Yong, E-mail: phdyu@zstu.edu.cn; Zhang, Cai-Hong [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, The Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Materials and Textiles (China); Zhou, Ying; Yao, Ju-Ming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials & Processing Technology (China)

    2016-02-15

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature (T{sub max}) of 368.9–388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites.

  20. Agricultural Drainage Well Intakes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Locations of surface intakes for registered agriculture drainage wells according to the database maintained by IDALS. Surface intakes were located from their...

  1. Talk about the Diversification Reference Service in Hunan Agriculture University Library%谈湖南省农业高校图书馆参考咨询多元化服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄杜鹃

    2012-01-01

    Based on the characteristics of diversification reference service, as Hunan agriculture university library a example, analysis the present situation ,development trend and countermeasure of reference service in Hunan agricultural university%根据农业高校图书馆参考咨询多元化特点,以湖南农业大学图书馆为例,分析湖南农业高校图书馆参考咨询的现状、发展趋势和对策。

  2. Study of the technological production at the State University of Londrina (UEL: mapping the area of Agricultural Sciences by Platform Lattes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natan Tiago Batista Serzedello

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Technological products and processes employed to solve society’s practical problems comprise technological production, which is the essential means to measure the technological development of the environment in which the institution is inserted. This research aimed to verify the State University of Londrina’s (UEL technological production in the field of Agro-Sciences. Method: The methodological approach was to identify and analyze technological production through the curricula of the 51 professors granted with scholarships by UEL’s  Scientific Initiation Program (PROIC available at the Lattes Platform. The data collected for analysis was charted and categorized according to technological production typology. Results: Of the 65 registered items in the researchers´curricula lattes refer to the technological production. Those items were mapped in order to describe the types identified. It was observed that the most innovative specialties are Agronomy, Forestry and Forest Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Animal Science, Veterinary Medicine, Fisheries Resources and Fishing Engineering, Science and Food Technology. Conclusions: The production  resulting from research activities of technological development, has spread through the production literature, primarily journal articles. Researchers build partnerships in the same Department, or with others within and outside the University, interacting and sharing experiences, knowledge and equipment. This practice improves a technological production that is more likely to be successful. A considerable percentage of articles are published in Open Archives Initiative(OAI journals, allowing free access and encourages the dissemination of research results.

  3. 高等农业院校青年教师科研现状分析研究%Analysis and Research of Scientific Research Situation of Young Teacher in Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠卫平

    2014-01-01

    青年教师是高等农业院校发展的新生力量,他们的科研能力提升对高等农业院校的未来、对我国农村社会的发展至关重要。通过对我国高等农业院校青年教师科研现状的调研,分析了目前高等农业院校青年教师提升科研能力存在的障碍,提出了排除障碍的若干对策。%Young teachers are the new force in the agricultural university, building their scientific research capacity is very important for the future of the agricultural university and the development of rural society. Through the investiga-tion of the scientific research situation of young teacher in agricultural university, the paper analyses the obstacles of building scientific research capacity of young teachers in the agricultural university, and proposes some measures to re-move the obstacles.

  4. Goryachkin's agricultural mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinenova, Vera

    2016-03-01

    The paper contributes to the development of applied mechanics by establishing a new discipline, namely, agricultural mechanics by academician Vasilii Prohorovich Goryachkin (1868-1935) who was an apprentice of Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky and a graduate of the Moscow University (current known as Moscow State University) and the Imperial Higher Technical School.

  5. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    Updated for 2011, the Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that covers today's most popular science topics, from digital TV to microchips to touchscreens and beyond. Perennial subjects in earth science, life science, and physical science are all explored in detail. Amazing graphics-more than 1,000 per title-combined with concise summaries help students understand complex subjects. Correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-9, each title also contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary.

  6. Universe

    CERN Document Server

    2009-01-01

    The Universe, is one book in the Britannica Illustrated Science Library Series that is correlated to the science curriculum in grades 5-8. The Britannica Illustrated Science Library is a visually compelling set that covers earth science, life science, and physical science in 16 volumes.  Created for ages 10 and up, each volume provides an overview on a subject and thoroughly explains it through detailed and powerful graphics-more than 1,000 per volume-that turn complex subjects into information that students can grasp.  Each volume contains a glossary with full definitions for vocabulary help and an index.

  7. 农林院校毕业生就业心理障碍问题探析%On Psychological Obstacles in Employment for Agricultural University Graduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚琦

    2012-01-01

    随着大学生就业形势的日益严峻,农林院校大学生就业问题更是雪上加霜,农林院校毕业生由于就业问题的困扰,导致很多就业心理障碍的产生,已经影响到高校的安全和社会的稳定。首先阐述了农业院校毕业生就业心理障碍的典型表现,其次分析了导致这些心理障碍出现的诸如就业竞争激烈、家人期望太大、有效引导不足、缺乏自我调整等原因,最后提出了推进高校教学改革、加强就业形势教育、强化就业技能指导、培养学生创业意识、重视心理健康教育等措施以推进毕业生心理问题的消除。%University graduates" employment situation is becoming increasingly severe, especially for agricultural universi ty graduates. Puzzled by employment problems, they have some psychological obstacles which have affected the security of universities and stability of society. This paper illustrates the manifestation of employment psychological obstacles and analyzes its reasons as the competition of employment, high expectation from family, insufficiency of effective guide, the lack of self adjustment and so on. Then, it proposes deepening the education reform, strengthening the employment edu cation and guidance, developing entrepreneur consciousness, offering psychological health education in colleges and uni versities to eliminate the graduates" psychological obstacles.

  8. 农业院校图书馆信息咨询服务调查研究%Research on Information Consultation Service of Library of Agricultural Colleges and Universities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁红军

    2011-01-01

    中国农业院校图书馆信息咨询服务与其他类型图书馆、情报机构相比,整体服务水平较低,提升中国农业院校图书馆信息服务能力已迫在眉睫.为此,利用网络调查法,针对10所农业院校图书馆信息服务现状的调查及调查结果分析,指出中国农业院校图书馆需要建立大资源与服务大发展体系、多元化服务方式体系、信息公共服务能力体系、合作共享体系、咨询馆员队伍建设体系、新技术支持体系、营销整合体系等手段,改善中国农业院校图书馆信息服务的生存状态.%Agricultural university libraries and other types of libraries and intelligence agencies information consultation service were comparing to emerge lower in the overall level of service in China, then it is important to enhance agricultural university library information consultation service of capability. Using the internet survey, the author aimed to 10 agricultural university libraries information consultation service survey and analysis, and pointed out that agricultural university libraries resources and services would established the great development of large systems, diversification of service delivery system, information public service capacity system, co-sharing system, librarian team building system, the new technical support system, integrated marketing system and other means to improve agricultural university libraries information consultation service.

  9. FACTORS INFLUENCING ADHERENCE TO ARVS AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING COMPREHENSIVE CARE CLINIC WITHIN JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY, KIAMBU COUNTY, KENYA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mwangi, A N; Ng'ang'a, Z; Wanzala, P; Karanja, S M

    2014-04-01

    The efficacy of anti-retroviral Therapy (ART) depends on adherence to the prescribed regimen. However, lack of adherence leads to treatment failure and drug resistance among other negative outcomes. To determine factors influencing adherence to ARVS among patients attending the Comprehensive Care Clinic (CCC) within Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT). A descriptive cross sectional study. Comprehensive Care Clinic within JKUAT. Three hundred HIV positive patients, undergoing ART treatment and follow up at the JKUAT clinic for a minimum duration of one month before the study, were recruited. Of the 300 patients enrolled for the study (70% females and 30% males), 81% were adhering to ARV treatment. The factors that were significantly associated with adherence included; Support (encouragement and reminder to take drugs) (P = 0.025); the number of meals respondents took in a day (P = 0.001); pill burden (P = 0.002) and forgetfulness (P = 0.001). However, there was no significant relationship between adherence and age, marital status, education, employment status or time taken to travel to the clinic. This study concluded that, the observed level of sub-optimal adherence to ART (19%) is of public health concern. These patients are vulnerable to treatment failure and development of resistant viral strains. Consequently the modifiable factors (Support, Number of meals taken, pill burden, and forgetfulness, should be addressed to change the current tread.

  10. The Establishment of an Organic Farmers’ Market as a Training Case Study and Research for Graduate Students of Organic Agriculture at the University of Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Schifani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available  Despite the modest regional consumption of organic products, Sicily is one of the most important European regions in surface area per number of companies active in organic farming. The University of Palermo, as early as 2000, to promote the development and success in this industry, the Faculty of Agriculture, introduced two major degree programs in "Organic Farming". The objective of these courses is to train graduates who are technically capable of supporting the organic farmers market, to promote and facilitate the expansion of the consumption of organic products, and to create employment opportunities for young graduates. At the end of 2009, in the area of these activities, a training and research program involved numerous students in the creation of an "joint consumption" association whose purpose is the expansion of the consumption of organic products through the enhancement of a direct relationship with small organic farms who would be unlikely to penetrate large markets, or have relationships with large distribution networks.The project aims to assess the ability of the students of the Faculty to transmit the knowledge acquired in the program, and to investigate the relative issues regarding the new phenomenon emerging in recent years in Italy, represented by the spread of various forms of ethically-conscious consumption groups called "Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale (GAS" or Solidarity Purchase Groups.

  11. Research on Teaching Reform of Internet Marketing in ;Beijing University of Agriculture%北京农学院网络营销教学改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严继超; 刘瑞涵

    2015-01-01

    信息技术的发展迫使网络营销理论与技术处于不断变化之中,因此网络营销的教学也必处于不断变革和发展之中。北京农学院网络营销教学在课程结构、学时安排和授课内容三个方面进行了改革,其中课程结构和学时安排上的改革较为成功,授课内容改革还需要进一步完善。%The development of information technology forced the theory and technology of Internet marketing to change constantly, so the teaching of Internet marketing was in constant change and development. In Beijing University of Agriculture, the teaching reform of Internet marketing occurred in three aspects, which were course structure, class hours and teaching content. The re-form of course structure and class hours was successful, and teaching content needed to be further improved.

  12. Positioning Status and Improving Countermeasures of Agricultural Universities:Survey on Forty Agricultural Universities%高等农业院校定位现状及对策--基于全国40所高等农业本科院校的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艺蓉

    2014-01-01

    通过对全国40所高等农业本科院校进行定位现状分析,发现这些院校在目标定位、类型定位、学科定位等方面存在一些问题,提出国家层面要制定高校分类评价体系,给予高等农业院校适当的政策支持;高校层面要组建办学定位评价专业组,推进制度建设,优化学科结构,提升高等农业院校办学特色与核心竞争力。%Based on the analysis of positioning status of forty national higher agricultural universities, this paper summarized the existing problems such as the orientation of objectives, types and disciplines, and put forward several suggestions: the country needs to build the classification evaluation system and give appropriate policy support to agricultural universities, and the universities need to form the group to perform the professional evaluation of university operation and positioning, improve the institutional construction and optimize the structure of disciplines to strengthen the advantage disciplines and and increase the competitive edge of agricultural universities.

  13. The Confusion and Resolution for Agricultural Universities' Grass Roots-Oriented Education Program in the New Century%新时期高等农业院校面向基层办学的困惑与出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘在洲

    2011-01-01

    After entering the new century, new troubles and problems arise on the agricultural universities conducting grass roots-oriented education program like channel-blockage of running schools, difficulty of talents-absorbing, obscure understanding and deficiency of working in the countryside, deviation of directions of running grass roots-oriented schools, difficulty of adherence to the university-running spirit etc. The belief that running grass roots-oriented schools is the sacred mission for agricultural universities was hold. The government should pay more attention to the agriculture and agricultural technology, reconstruct the extension system of agricultural technology. And meanwhile universities should run grass roots-oriented schools enrolling students from the countryside and from the peasants, thus make the way for talents to the countryside free of obstructions.%进入新世纪以来,高等农业院校出现了面向基层办学渠道不畅,基层难于吸纳人才;面向基层就业认识模糊,学生下基层动力不足;面向基层办学方向偏移,学校坚守困难等新情况和新问题.研究认为面向基层办学是高等农业院校的神圣使命,政府要重视农业及农业科技,重组基层农业技术推广体系,学校坚持面向基层办学,面向基层农村、面向农民招生,打通人才通向基层的路子.

  14. Online educational repositories for promoting agricultural knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.I. Costopoulou

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Towards promoting sustainable agriculture and economic growth, the development of the agricultural workforce and set up of innovative agricultural systems are required. Agricultural educational repositories are systems used for storing, reusing and sharing agricultural learning resources. They contribute to agricultural education at different educational levels and target groups. Thus, this paper firstly provides an overview of Institutional repositories (IRs and Open Access Archives (OAAs in Greece and agricultural repositories worldwide. Also, it describes the agricultural repositories that provide access to educational content in Greek and presents experiences from the establishment of Agricultural University of Athens’ (AUA repository.

  15. Application of Multinomial Probit Model in Analyzing Factors Affecting the Occupation of Graduated Students from the University of Agricultural Applied-Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Mohammadi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Scientificand practicaltrainingwith an emphasis onoperation andapplication of what is taught and having an empiricalapproachto education isa more suitable approach for creating jobs. Preparation of educational needs of the agricultural sector by scientificand practicaltraining and providingemploymentin agreement with education and skills is one of the most important programs in order to achieve the objectives of comprehensive development of the country. An imbalance seems to exist between the processes and materials in university courses and the skills and abilities needed by the labor market and this is the most importantreason for the failureof the university graduatesin finding employment. This studyhas beendone for understandingthe type of jobof agricultural graduatesof training center of Jihad-e-Keshavarzi in Mashhad and the factor saffecting their employment. Materials and Methods: This study is an applied research and the statistical population is 167 and includes all the students who had earned a Bachelor’s degree who had come to receive their graduation certificates in 2011. The dependent variable is type of job which includes five categories of employment in the public sector related to education, employ men unrelated to the government, employment related tothe privatesector andthe unemployed who were seeking workin the private sector. Independent variables includegender,quotainuniversityadmissions, the level of interestin thefield of study,satisfaction withthe discipline, evaluationand trainingof graduatesofvocational skillsacquired incollegegraduates'assessmentof thework culturein the societyand evaluation oflack ofcapitalas a factor preventingemployment in the academicfield. Information was collected through questionnaires and the multiple probit mode lwas used. Results and discussion: The results ofthe survey showthatjobsof graduates are divided intofour categoriesincluding:Related to the field of study and

  16. WORKSHOP FOR SUPERVISING TEACHERS IN AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS FROM ELEVEN WESTERN STATES HELD AT COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY AUGUST 1-5, 1966, SUMMARY REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    JULSON, EARL E.

    A WORKSHOP FOR SUPERVISING-TEACHERS WAS ORGANIZED TO PLAN, EXPLORE, AND INNOVATE A MORE COMPLETE PROGRAM IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. THE WORKSHOP ALSO INCLUDED DISCUSSION OF ESSENTIAL PHASES OF THE OFF-FARM AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS AS THEY APPLY TO THE PREPARATION OF STUDENT TEACHERS. THIS REPORT INCLUDED (1) A LIST OF PARTICIPANTS FROM 11 WESTERN…

  17. Agriculture: Newsroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agriculture Newsroom. News releases, reports, and other documents from around EPA that are of interest or direct importance to the environmental management or compliance efforts of the agricultural community.

  18. 教育国际化背景下高等农业院校图书馆发展的探讨%Research About Library Development of Advanced Agriculture University Under Education Internationalization Background

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳; 余洁; 任宁

    2012-01-01

    The trend of economic globalization and education internationalization will promote the process of library internationalization,from information technology,customer service,contend,communicate,cooperation expatiated aggregate model of library internationalization process of agricultural University Library,it can offer a better information service platform in order to establish advanced and internationalization agricultural University.%当今经济全球化教育国际化的趋势必将推动图书馆国际化的进程。通过信息技术,服务意识,服务内容,交流合作等方面阐述了高等农业院校图书馆国际化进程总体模式,为创建国际化高水平农业大学提供了更好的信息服务平台。

  19. 农业院校创业教育体系的构建与实施途径%Construction and Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education System for Agricultural Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑钰; 王雷; 王仲德; 王振

    2011-01-01

    在分析开展大学生创业教育的必然性的基础上,从课程属性方面详细介绍农业高等院校创业教育的具体内容,建议采用重视创业思想教育、在学科教育中渗透创业教育、开设活动课程的途径来构建农业院校创业教育体系。%This article examines the specific contents of carrying out entrepreneurship education in agricultural universities in terms of courses properties on the basis of analysis on the necessity of implementing entrepreneurship education. The author suggests that importance should be attached to the education of entrepreneurship, combining entrepreneurship education with academic teachings, and launching activity curriculum to construct entrepreneurship education system in agricultural universities.

  20. Study of University Agricultural Experiment Station from the Early Days of the Republic Till the Anti-Japanese War (1912 -1937)%民初至抗战前大学农事试验场述论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑛

    2012-01-01

    阐述了从民国初年到抗战前大学农事试验场的创办情况,从改进和培育优良品种、繁殖和推广改良品种、交流农事试验和推广经验几方面述叙了大学农事试验场的农事活动,最后分析了大学农事试验场的成效和局限性.%The paper studied the establishment of university agricultural experimental stations from the early days of the republic China till the anti-Japanese war, and then introduced the agricultural activities in those stations, such as the introduction and cultivation of excellent cultivars, the breeding and popularization of good varieties, and the exchange of agricultural experiments and experiences, etc. , finally analyzed the effectiveness and constraints of the university agricultural experimental stations.

  1. 新形势下高等农业院校创业教育课程体系改革探析%On the Reform of Entrepreneurship Education Curriculum System in Higher Agricultural Universities in the New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦素玲; 卢红振

    2015-01-01

    Through the methods of literature data,logic reasoning,investigation and interviews,and a lot of a-nalysis,comparisons and researches,this paper researches the construction and implementation of entrepreneurship education curriculum system in higher agricultural universities,and claims that the improvement of the curriculum system of entrepreneurship education in higher agricultural universities is the important guarantee to enhance college students’comprehensive quality and competitiveness,and it has a special position and role in improving the ability structure of students,improving the students’learning enthusiasm,initiative and creativity,promoting the further development of entrepreneurship education reform in higher agricultural universities.Meanwhile,this paper puts forward some recommendations for the reform of the course system in higher agricultural universities.%采用文献资料法、逻辑推理法、调查访问法等,经过大量的分析、对比和研究,从高等农业院校创业教育课程体系构建及课程实施着手研究,认为改进高等农业院校创业教育课程体系,是提升大学生综合素质和竞争力的重要保证,对改善学生的能力结构,提高学生学习的积极性、主动性和创造性,促进高等农业院校创业教育改革的深入发展,具有特殊的地位和作用。并就高等农业院校创业教育课程体系的改革完善提出了建议。

  2. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION SOFTWARE FORMATION OF THE VALUABLE RELATION TO WORK AT AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gordienko I. V.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the theoretical and practical ways of formation of the valuable relation of the agricultural high school students for future professional activities and agricultural work. We consider the philosophical and pedagogical problem of education and socialization of students in the educational process, the analysis of the forms, methods and techniques of work on the formation of the valuable relation of students to the farmers of the future professional activity

  3. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION SOFTWARE FORMATION OF THE VALUABLE RELATION TO WORK AT AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes the theoretical and practical ways of formation of the valuable relation of the agricultural high school students for future professional activities and agricultural work. We consider the philosophical and pedagogical problem of education and socialization of students in the educational process, the analysis of the forms, methods and techniques of work on the formation of the valuable relation of students to the farmers of the future professional activity

  4. 高校图书馆内部管理机制的创新建设——以华南农业大学图书馆为例%Innovative Construction of the Mechanism of Internal Management of University Libraries---A Case Study of South China Agricultural University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭细珍

    2011-01-01

    To South China Agricultural University Library, for example, described the university library the meaning of the internal management mechanism innovation, from human resources management system and information service management point of view of the internal library management system and pattern of reform ideas, the idea of the South China Agricultural University Library, the basic framework of the internal management mechanism.%阐述了高校图书馆内部管理机制创新的涵义,从人力资源管理机制和信息服务管理机制角度.探讨了高校图书馆内部管理体制改革的改革思路和模式,构思了华南农业大学图书馆内部管理机制的基本框架。

  5. Design and Implementation of a Task/Resource Information System. Reported by the Planning Department of the Agricultural University of Wageningen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bladeren, D.; And Others

    The University of Wageningen takes care of only one faculty with 80 departments and about 4000 students. The university has been growing rapidly in recent years with an increase of 25 percent in first year students each year. Because of this growth and because of various social developments, the University Board recognizes the need for a good data…

  6. Design and Implementation of a Task/Resource Information System. Reported by the Planning Department of the Agricultural University of Wageningen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bladeren, D.; And Others

    The University of Wageningen takes care of only one faculty with 80 departments and about 4000 students. The university has been growing rapidly in recent years with an increase of 25 percent in first year students each year. Because of this growth and because of various social developments, the University Board recognizes the need for a good data…

  7. Governing agricultural sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macnaghten, Philip; Carro-Ripalda, Susana

    2015-01-01

    Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challen

  8. Governing agricultural sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Macnaghten, Philip; Carro-Ripalda, Susana

    2015-01-01

    Although GM crops are seen by their advocates as a key component of the future of world agriculture and as part of the solution for world poverty and hunger, their uptake has not been smooth nor universal: they have been marred by controversy and all too commonly their regulation has been challen

  9. Reflections on the Ideological and Political Education of Students of Agricultural Universities from the Perspective of Employment --Taking Anhui Agricultural University as an Example%就业视角下的农业院校本科毕业生思想政治教育思考——以安徽农业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周铃; 吴辰华

    2012-01-01

    With the continual development of higher education, many ideological problems have emerged in the employment process of graduates of agricultural universities. The reasons lie in the absence of education in the aspects like personal values, social responsibility, career planning and professional ethics. The following solutions are believed to be able to contribute to improve this situation, integrating career guidance with ideological and political education; putting more emphasis on career guidance and moral education; putting ideological, political and moral education to higher priority durkng graduate intemships; putting more efforts on campus cultural construction~ and creating a better teachkng atmosphere%随着高等教育的不断发展,农业院校毕业生在就业过程中凸显出诸多思想方面的问题,主要原因在于对个人价值观、社会责任感、职业规划意识和职业道德等方面教育的缺失。要改善这一状况,就必须要将就业指导融入到思想政治教育当中,强化就业指导,重视诚信教育,加强毕业生实习期的思想政治教育和专业思想教育,加强校园文化建设,营造良好的育人氛围。

  10. 地方农业院校师资培训中存在的问题及对策分析%Problems and Countermeasures of Teacher Training in Local Agricultural Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨菊超

    2014-01-01

    师资培训是提高高校教学质量的重要途径。目前,地方农业院校师资培训中存在着经费投入不足、缺乏系统规划及完善的制度和机制、培训形式不灵活、培训内容与需求脱节以及受训教师对培训的认识不足等问题,严重影响了培训的质量和效果。地方农业院校应采取制定科学的培训规划、确定多样化的培训形式、丰富培训内容、建立有效的培训评价体系和制度以及多渠道筹集培训经费等一系列有效措施,加强地方农业院校的师资培训工作。%Teacher training is an important approach to improve the teaching quality of colleges and universities. There are many problems of teacher training in local agricultural colleges and universities, such as the training funds are insufficient, system planning, regulation and mechanism are deficient, the training forms are not flexible, training content and teachers' demand is mismatched, understanding of training teachers is insufficient, and so on. These problems affect seriously training quality and effect. Local agricultural colleges and universities should take a series of effective measures, such as making scientific training plan, determining the various training forms, enriching training content, establishing the effective training evaluation system and raising training funds by multiple channels so as to strengthen the teacher training work in local agricultural colleges and universities.

  11. 对农业高校大学生创新创业教育的思考%Reflection on Innovation and Entrepreneurship Education for Undergraduates in Agricultural Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽

    2015-01-01

    Based on the concepts of innovation and entrepreneurship, the importance of innovation and entrepreneurship education was discussed. It is pointed out the three defects of current innovation and entrepreneurship education, that is, hindrance of education management system, shortage of teachers and imperfect ways of education. Then, it is interpreted how to assist the innovation and entrepreneurship education for the management organization of agricultural colleges. Finally, some suggestions on the modes of innovation and entrepreneurship education for the undergraduates in agricultural colleges and universities are put forward and the ways to strengthen the teacher group construction of agricultural colleges and universities are explored.%从创新创业的概念入手,分析了农业高校大学生创新创业教育的重要性,指出了当前创新创业教育存在的3个主要问题,即教育管理体制的阻碍、师资不足和教育方式的不完善。阐释了农业高校管理机构应如何协助进行创新创业教育,对农业高校大学生创新创业教育方式提出了建议,探究了加强农业高校创新创业教师队伍建设的途径。

  12. Tracer Study of Agricultural Graduates in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mugisha, Johnny; Nkwasibwe, Anthony

    2014-01-01

    There has been increased demand for food not only on the African continent but globally. This has been largely attributed to the high population growth with changing food preferences. This calls for the transformation of Africa’s agriculture and food systems through transforming agricultural production, markets, agricultural education and training institutions. Agricultural training institutions such as universities and agricultural colleges have a lot to contribute but they need to run relev...

  13. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION IN INDIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    India is an agricultural country. At the time of independence our country faced food shortages. Later on due to green revolution we became self sufficient in food grain production despite population increase. One of the important factors in success of green revolution is the role played by agricultural graduates. After independence, state agricultural universities were established in all the states to impart education in the field of agriculture. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New D...

  14. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  15. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  16. 农事技能通识训练课教学改革探索--以华南农业大学动物养殖训练站为例%Exploration on the Teaching Reform of Agricultural General Training Course-A Case of Animal Culture Training Station in South China Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈伟国; 聂庆华; 谢正生

    2016-01-01

    In order to better cultivate interdisciplinary compound talents, South China Agricultural University innovates the course system and sets up an agricultural general training course for non-agricultural professional students. In this research, we mainly discussed the aspects of course teaching team, curriculum system, teaching base, teaching methods and course assessment method, which formed a complete set of teaching model of agricultural general training course, and gained satisfactory teaching effect.%为了更好地培养多学科交叉复合型人才,华南农业大学创新课程体系建设,为全校非农专业学生开设了农事技能通识训练课。笔者主要从课程教学团队、课程体系、教学基地、教学方式和课程考核方法等方面进行探讨,形成了一套完整的农事技能通识训练课教学模式,取得了良好的教学效果。

  17. On Factors Influencing Practice Teaching of "Art of Floral Arrangement" in Agricultural Universities%高等农业院校“插花艺术”课实践教学影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳敏; 施芬

    2012-01-01

    Floral arranging teaching in agricultural universities aims to attain multiple objectives of training students' practical skills and upgrading their cultural and artistic accomplishments.With "fishbone diagram",the factors influencing the practice teaching of "art of floral arrangement" in agricultural universities are analyzed from the angles of university,faculty,students and society in order to point out the correct direction of practice teaching reform.%高等农业院校插花艺术教学兼有实践技能培养、艺术教育和素质教育等功能。基于"鱼骨图"分析法,从学校、教师、学生、社会四个维度探讨了高等农业院校"插花艺术"课实践教学的影响因素,明确了实践教学改革的方向。

  18. Exemption, Predictive Validity, and Rhetoric 1101 and Rhetoric 1102: A Report to the Dean of the College of Agriculture, University of Minnesota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDowell, Earl; Walzer, Arthur E.

    The University of Minnesota's rhetoric department surveyed other Big Ten universities for the procedures used by those schools to exempt students from the required freshmen writing course and analyzed data about students in their own required rhetoric courses (Rhetoric 1101/1102). The school survey shows that nine Big Ten schools have required…

  19. Agriculture Sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Agriculture sectors comprise establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, and harvesting fish and other animals. Find information on compliance, enforcement and guidance on EPA laws and regulations on the NAICS 111 & 112 sectors.

  20. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  1. Zhejiang University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    玄之

    2008-01-01

    In September 1998,a new Zhejiang University was established on the basis of the amalgamation of the four former individual universities,namely Zhejiang University,Hangzhou University,Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University,which were all located in the garden city of Hangzhou.Approved by the State Council,the founding of the new Zhejiang University has been a significant move in the reform and development of China’s higher education.The four universities have grown out of the same ancestry,the Qiushi(with the literal meaning of "seeking truth" in Chinese) Academy,which was founded a century ago as one of the earliest institutions of higher learning in China.As a result,they have all inherited from it the spirit of "Qiushi" and at the same time,built up their owndistinctive features in teaching and research.

  2. Agriculture: About EPA's National Agriculture Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA's National Agriculture Center (Ag Center), with the support of the United States Department of Agriculture, serves growers, livestock producers, other agribusinesses, and agricultural information/education providers.

  3. Agriculture & Agronomy: A Dissertation Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978

    This bibliography presents a compilation of Agriculture and Agronomy doctoral research for the years 1973-1976. Each of the 3,386 doctoral dissertations cited herein has been accepted by accredited degree-granting universities in North America and published by University Microfilms International (UMI). Dissertations are arranged alphabetically in…

  4. Research on the University-based Collaborative Innovation of Shanxi Agricultural Science and Technology Service System%高校主导型协同创新山西农业科技服务体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王奕

    2016-01-01

    With the continuous development and progress of agricultural science and technology, the departed government leading that mainly focuses on non-public welfare and market-oriented agricultural science and technology service system that mainly focuses on public welfare are difficult to timely and effectively understand the farmers' demand, even understand the effective help can't be given for various reasons. A series of agricultural problems can't be settled targeted. The universities in Shanxi have the provincal advantages in talent, science and technology, education. They explores the university-based collaborative innovation construction of Shanxi agricultural science and technology service system, communicate the government's policy to farmers, let the expert team to concentrate on study, let the research personnel go to rural area to guid the farmers’production, unite the enterprise to promote scientific research achievements and improve a series of postpartum services of the agricultural science and technology service. These can make up the shortfall of the government-based and market-oriented agricultural science and technology service. It has great practical significance to build Shanxi agricultural science and technology service system which is dominated by the universities of Shanxi and has the coordinated development with the government, enterprises and farmers.%随着农业科技的不断发展进步,以往主要以非公益性为主的政府主导和以公益性为主的市场主导的农业科技服务体系难以及时有效了解农民需求,即使了解也因各种原因不能有效给予帮助,对于农业的一系列问题得不到针对性的解决。山西高校集聚全省人才、科技、教育的优势,探索高校主导型协同创新山西农业科技服务体系建设,把政府的政策正确传达给农户,让专家团队集中精力搞研究,让科研人才走入农村现实指导农民搞生产,团结企业推广科

  5. Probe into the development strategy for university of agriculture and forestry in the competition%高校竞争背景下农林类院校发展策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王坤; 郭洪生

    2012-01-01

    本文分析了农林类院校在高校竞争背景下的现实情况,探讨了农林类院校在生源竞争、资源竞争和地位竞争中的优势和劣势,挖掘了导致农林院校竞争力低下的深层原因,针对农林类院校发展提出明确自身定位、寻求特色发展、拓宽投资渠道和创新招生就业机制等方面的解决对策。%This paper analyzes the real competition situation of the universities and colleges of agriculture and forestry,and discusses the advantage and disadvantage of competition among higher education candidates,materials and social position to find out the deep causes of low competitive force.According to the development of universities and colleges of agriculture and forestry,several solutions are put forward such as defining the self-position,seeking the development characteristics,widening investment channels and creating the new system for recruiting and employment.

  6. 基于SCI的河南农业大学科技论文统计分析%The Statistical Analysis Based on SCI Papers of Henan Agriculture University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊丽

    2012-01-01

    By harnessing the retrieval platform Web of Knowledge, this paper has investigated the papers published by Henan Agriculture University cited in SCI from 2001 to 2010, thus providing a statistical analysis with respect to numbers, types, sources, disciplines, cooperators, authors, citations, and financial aids. Aa a result, the current situation of scholar research has been revealed, which offers reference for Henan Agriculture University' s teaching and researching as well as the internationalization of natural sciences.%基础科学研究的发展实力和研究水平是衡量高校科技创新能力的重要指标.利用Web of Knowledge检索平台对2001年至2010年河南农业大学发表的SCI论文进行调查,从论文数量与类型、来源出版物、学科、合作机构和国家、论文作者、被引频次的角度进行统计,评价河南农业大学的科研绩效、学科发展水平和未来发展趋势,并在此基础上,创新性地提出了优化学术水平及科研绩效的措施和建议.

  7. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Caporali

    2011-01-01

    In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006), a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. ...

  8. 新形势下对提高农业院校本科生源质量的思考%Improving the Quality of Student for Agricultural Colleges and Universities in a New Situation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张令峰; 黄庆华

    2012-01-01

    The popularization, diversification and internationalization process of higher education in China have brought the universities more intense competition in recruiting the high quality of student. The local agricultural colleges and universities are under the great impact and facing a more severe situation. How to develop actively and improve the quality of student are significant and worthy of pondering. Based on elaborating the undergraduate recruitment and admission of Anhui Agricultural University,the current situation of the quality of student and the causes behind it were analyzed. Then the countermeasures and suggestions of improving the quality of student were pondered and discussed on, such as strengthening the discipline development,making in- centive policy, increasing the publicity and graduate employment, strengthening the service awareness, making scientific planning and so on.%我国高等教育大众化、多元化和国际化进程中,带来了高等院校日益激烈的生源竞争,地方高等农业院校在竞争的巨大冲击下,招生工作面临着更加严峻的形势。如何积极开拓,提高生源质量是地方高等农业院校值得深刻思考且意义重大的问题。该文阐述了安徽农业大学本科招生基本情况,分析了生源质量现状及成因。并提出了改善生源质量的对策与措施,如加强专业建设,制定奖励政策,加大宣传力度,做好就业工作,强化服务意识,科学编制计划等。

  9. College English Teaching in agricultural and forestry universities of China:current situation analysis and countermeasures%我国农林高校大学英语教学现状分析与应对策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周永模; 袁慧

    2011-01-01

    大学英语是农林高校为非语言类专业本科学生开设的最重要的公共基础课程之一.讨论农林高校大学英语教学这一问题时,既应考虑到大学英语本身的特点,又要兼顾这类行业院校特色学科自身发展的规律.近年来,各农林高校在师资队伍、教学大纲、教材教辅、教学方法、课程评价等方面开展了一些卓有成效的工作,并取得了较为显著的成绩.但教学改革中存在着许多不容回避的问题,这就要求各校在保持行业学科的特色和优势不变的前提下,在本校未来人才培养目标定位上对大学英语课程的培养目标进行新的调整,以便尽最大可能来提高我国农林高校大学英语整体教学水平.从我国农林高校大学英语教学特点、教学改革取得的成绩、存在的问题与现状以及改进大学英语教学的应对策略等四个方面进行探讨.%College English is one of the most important public fundamental courses offered for non-language majors in agricultural and forestry universities of China. When it comes to College English Teaching (CET) in these universities, the characteristics of CET itself as well as the self-development law of some featured disciplines must be taken into consideration. Over the recent years, the agricultural and forestry universities of China have achieved a lot in the faculty development, syllabus designing, textbooks and reference books compiling,teaching methods and courses assessment, etc. However, CET reform admits of no evasion of many issues.This requires that these universities, on the premise of keeping the features and advantages of their disciplines unchanged, readjust the training objective of CET in terms of the objective orientation for the future talents so as to improve CET in these universities as much as possible. The present paper discusses the current features,achievements, issues and countermeasures concerning CET in agricultural and forestry

  10. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in organic farming. Approximate quantification of its generation at the organic garden of the School of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering (ETSIAAB) in the Technical University of Madrid (UPM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Jorge; Barbado, Elena; Maldonado, Mariano; Andreu, Gemma; López de Fuentes, Pilar

    2016-04-01

    As it well-known, agricultural soil fertilization increases the rate of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission production such as CO2, CH4 and N2O. Participation share of this activity on the climate change is currently under study, as well as the mitigation possibilities. In this context, we considered that it would be interesting to know how this share is in the case of organic farming. In relation to this, a field experiment was carried out at the organic garden of the School of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering (ETSIAAB) in the Technical University of Madrid (UPM). The orchard included different management growing areas, corresponding to different schools of organic farming. Soil and gas samples were taken from these different sites. Gas samples were collected throughout the growing season from an accumulated atmosphere inside static chambers inserted into the soil. Then, these samples were carried to the laboratory and there analyzed. The results obtained allow knowing approximately how ecological fertilization contributes to air pollution due to greenhouse gases.

  11. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  12. Problems of Agricultural Technological Innovation in China and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongbo; LIU; Ren; LIU; Huazhen; LIU

    2013-01-01

    Major problems of agricultural technological innovation in China were summarized as below: first,poor agricultural science and technology system; second,deficient technological promotion system; third,shortage of agricultural professionals; fourth,serious shortage of science and technology input. In view of these problems,the following suggestions were given to improve the innovation of agricultural technology in China. ( 1) Restructuring agricultural research institutes,establishing cooperative innovation centers,improving agricultural technological innovation system; ( 2) Specifying the direction of research projects,improving scientific research level of technicians,so as to improve the agricultural technological innovation capacity; ( 3) Improving promotion and service stations in towns,organizing technological service teams of agricultural universities and colleges,establishing agricultural technological promotion systems; ( 4) Increasing input in agricultural technological innovation by attracting government input,enterprise investment and other financial support; ( 5) Cultivating more talents of agricultural technology,training leading agricultural technicians,grassroots agricultural service staff and practical talents.

  13. GLOBAL WARMING AND POSSIBLE EFFECTS ON FUTURE THE BRAZILIAN GRAIN PRODUCTION Hilton S. Pinto.State University of Campinas (UNICAMP). CNPq. Eduardo D. Assad. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA). CNPq. Eduardo Pavao. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA). Ricardo Luna. Embrapa Agriculture Informatics (CNPTIA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, H. S.; Assad, E. D.; Pavao, E.; Luna, R.

    2012-12-01

    According to the Brazilian Government (CONAB, July 2012) the actual area of grain production in the country is close to 50.8 million ha and the perspective of production is 162.6 million of tons. Maize and Soybean are responsible for more than 83% of the total harvest. The area available for agriculture in Brazil is 282.2 million ha or close to 33% of the total land of the country. From 1991 until 2010 the agricultural technology was responsible for an increase of production close to 154% while the planted area raised only 25%. Considering this rate of production in the last 20 years the Ministry of Agriculture made an extrapolation for 2020, when the country can produce close to 176 million of grains being 65 million tons of maize, 86 million tons of soybean and 70 million bags of coffee. In this case, it was not considered any variation in the climate conditions. In 2002, in partnership with the British Embassy in Brazil, Unicamp and Embrapa published the study "Global Warming and the New Geography of Agricultural Production in Brazil" (Pinto and Assad, 2002) based on a Regional Climate Model PRECIS from Hadley Centre, where the grain production was estimated to decrease due to temperature rise. Without considering any mitigation or adaptation action, in the worst scenario (A2-IPCC) the principal crops to be affected will be coffee with 6.7% estimated production decrease until 2020, soybean 22% and corn 12%. On the other hand, sugar cane, as a C4 plant, will have an increase of production in the order of 170%. As suggested by the Word Bank, a new project was developed for a more detailed analysis of the influence of the global warming in the Brazilian agriculture, affecting temperature and water deficit in the years 2020 and 2030. It was considered initially 23 Global Climatic Models (GCM) defined by IPCC, that were separated in blocks of similar comportment using cluster multivariate analysis. Other 3 Regional Climatic Models (RCM) were also used to give more

  14. A Study of the Present Development of Non-universal Languages in Universities of Yunnan Province in the Context of Globalization:The Development Patterns of Non-universal Languages in Yunnan Agricultural University%全球化背景下云南省各高校非通用语专业发展现状研究--兼谈云南农业大学非通用语相关专业发展模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 张吟松; 郑青青

    2016-01-01

    截至2014年1月,云南省普通高校中,已有43所高校开设了62个小语种专业,其中,24所本科院校设有30个专业点,19所高职高专院校设有32个专业点。泰语共设26个,老挝语7个,缅甸语11个,越南语16个,柬埔寨语2个,其中有省级重点建设小语种专业点11个[1]。由于云南省各高校的非通用语专业起步较晚,各种开设模式也正处于摸索的过程中,各种机遇和挑战并存。因此,在全球化背景下,云南省各高校非通用语种专业,如云南农业大学如何使本校非通用语种专业办出水平,办出质量,能够持之以恒地发展下去,是关系到云南省非通用语种专业的发展问题,也是关系到云南省经济发展的重要因素。%Up to January 2014,43 universities in Yunnan province have opened 62 minority language specialties,among which there are 30 in 24 universities and 32 in higher vocational colleges.There are 26 Thai,7 Lao,1 1 Burmese,16 Vietnamese,2 Cambodian.Among them there are 1 1 specialties which are provincial key construction.Because these minority language specialties are newly-estab-lished,these universities are confronted with all kinds of opportunities and challenges in terms of de-velopment patterns.Therefore,in the context of globalization,how to make these minority language specialties in universities of Yunnan province,such as Yunnan Agricultural University,improve its level,quality and development is the key to the development of non-universal languages and economy in Yunnan province.

  15. 农业高职院校校企合作人才培养模式的实践研究%Practical Research on University-enterprise Cooperation Personnel Training Mode of Agricultural Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于永梅; 马兰

    2013-01-01

    University-enterprise cooperation and work-integrated learning mode was an effective way to cultivate high-quality skilled talents ,through long-term and effective cooperation ,the high quality education resources of vocational colleges and material resources of enterprises could be make a full use ,and achieved multiple purpo-ses and mutual benefits .The significance ,targets and implementing methods of university-enterprise coopera-tion and work-integrated learning personnel training mode were discussed for agricultural vocational colleges , and the final results were reviewed briefly .%校企合作工学结合是培养高素质技能型人才的一条有效途径,通过学校和企业长期有效的合作,可以使高职院校的优质教育资源与企业的物质资源得到充分利用,在社会上形成一举多得、互利共赢的局面。该文探讨了农业高职院校校企合作、工学结合人才培养模式的意义、目标及实施办法,并对最终效果进行了简要阐述。

  16. Willingness to Venture into Agriculture-related Enterprises after ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NTL NG

    after Graduation among Final Year Agriculture Students of. Federal University of ... creators and self employed, lucrative nature of agriculture and encouragement received during training. ..... Pharmacy/Nursing. 33. 19. 20 ... The preference of.

  17. Leader Of Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Succumbs To Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    MacInnis, Stewart

    2003-01-01

    Kriton Hatzios, who, as director of the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, oversaw Virginia Tech's rise to the top ranks of universities engaged in agricultural research, died today. He was 53.

  18. Research on the Modes of Agricultural Universities' Talents- raising Based on the Needs of Guangdong S&T Innovation%基于广东农业科技创新需求的高校人才培养模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕾; 陈昌贵; 江青艳; 黄大乾

    2011-01-01

    Based on the description of current talents - raising status of Guangdong agricultural universities and the talents needs for Guangdong agriculture S&T innovation, this paper analyzes their discrepancy. This research will supply theoretic base and strategy references for agricultural universities' education reform and the students' job.%阐述广东农业高校人才培养的现状及广东农业科技创新对人才的实际需求,分析高校人才培养与农业科技创新人才需求之间的矛盾与差距,为涉农类高校改革创新人才培养模式提供理论依据和对策参考.

  19. A Comparative Analysis of Pedagogies of Animal Physiology in Agricultural Colleges and Universities%高等农业院校动物生理学不同教学法比较分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾新红; 胡建民; 杨建成; 刘梅; 林树梅; 冯颖

    2012-01-01

    Pedagogical reform is both an eternal teaching and research task and the key to improving the quality of education and teaching.Animal Physiology taught in agricultural colleges and universities is typically strong for theory,concept and abstract content.In order to achieve the goals of spending fewer teaching hours,teaching newer contents,reaching a higher level and producing better effects,teachers should choose appropriate teaching methods according to different contents.Whether the chosen pedagogy is proper or not will produce direct effects on the teaching quality and the teaching purpose.An analysis of the three main teaching methods(linguistic form,direct form and training form) on Animal Physiology in agricultural colleges and universities is made.And the application of Animal Physiology to the introduction and discussion of different teaching methods provides a new thinking of reform for the optimization of the teaching mode of Animal Physiology and the improvement of the teaching quality of Animal Physiology.%教学法的改革是教学研究永恒的课题,是提高教育教学质量的关键。高等农业院校动物生理学具有理论性强、概念多和内容抽象等特点。为达到课时要少、内容要新、水平要高、效果要好的目的,教师必须针对不同内容选用适当的教学法。教学法得当与否将直接影响教学质量和教学目的的实现。通过对高等农业院校动物生理学语言形式、直接形式和实训方式等三类主要教学法进行分析,运用动物生理学介绍与探讨不同教学法,为优化动物生理学教学模式和提高动物生理学教学质量提供一种改革的新思路。

  20. India: An Ideal Partner in Tanzanian agriculture?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    India's effective engagement in Tanzanian agriculture that include the need for ... developing world (e.g. India) through enhanced links in trade, investments, ..... Nations University Press, New York, pp 106-127. Escorts. (2010). News and.

  1. Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineeri

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-01-03

    Jan 3, 2015 ... Department of Agricultural Engineering, Landmark University, Omuaran, ... of operation was very low compared to the theoretical efficiency .... They produce food crops as well as cash .... efficiency and unit yield of the field.

  2. Sustainable Agriculture Course Delivered Nationally via Satellite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvador, R. J.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Describes an instructional model for a sustainable agriculture telecourse offered nationally by Iowa State University. Includes preproduction activities; technology employed; budget; time requirements; course content; student postevaluation results. Provides information and suggestions for individuals and institutions considering production or…

  3. Reflection on the development of international students education for local agriculture universities%地方农科院校发展来华留学生教育工作的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭清辉; 杨知建

    2009-01-01

    The international student education is one of the important parts of education international cooperation and exchange for the colleges and universities. In recent years, the number of international students in China is increased year after year and the levels of international students are improved steadily. On the basis of analysis on these comprehensive factors affecting on the development of international students which are specialty limitation, geography, knowledge and the level of management, the author describes that the local agriculture colleges and universities should improve the knowledge, strengthen the management, stress the characteristic and intensify the propaganda to achieve sustainable development of international students education.%来华留学生教育工作是高校开展教育国际合作与交流的重要内容.近年来我国来华留学生人数逐年增长,层次稳步提高.文章通过对地方农科院校因专业领域、外在环境因素、认识问题和管理水平问题等综合因素对来华留学生教育工作影响的剖析,阐述了地方农科院应提高认识、加强管理、突出特色、强化宣传以实现来华留学生教育工作可持续良性发展.

  4. Application and Effect of ISO9001 in the Logistics Management in Colleges and Universities:Taking the Logistics Service Group of Hunan Agricultural University for Example%ISO9001在高校后勤管理中的应用与成效--以湖南农业大学后勤服务集团为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雪文

    2014-01-01

    Introducing the quality management system into the logistics service in colleges and universities is the inevitable trend of the socialization of logistics service and also is the necessary requirement of the modernization of logistics service in colleges and universities. Taking the Logistics Service Group of Hunan Agricultural University for example, this paper expounds the present situation and implementation effect of ISO9000 quality management system and at the same time points out the problems should be paid attention to in the application of ISO9000 in the logistics.%高校后勤服务引入质量管理体系,是高校后勤服务社会化的必然趋势,也是高校后勤管理现代化的必然要求。以湖南农业大学后勤服务集团为例,阐述了ISO9000质量管理体系的实施现状及推行的成效,同时指出了引入ISO9000质量管理体系在后勤的应用中应注意的问题。

  5. 加强科研管理促进农科院校艺术创意学科的发展%To Strengthen the Scientific and Research Management and Improve Development of Artistic Disciplines in Agricultural Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈淳; 陈菁; 苏弟华; 林华

    2011-01-01

    艺术学科在农业高校发展过程中,遭遇科研管理办法相对滞后、科研经费使用率低、成果奖励评价体系不合理和科研理念落后等困难.只有确实落实实践科学发展观,加强项目管理、提高经费使用率,制定全面、客观、公平的评价机制,加强艺术学科科研队伍建设,才能促进艺术学科的发展.%In the development of artistic disciplines in the agricultural colleges and universities, we encountered relatively backward scientific research management methods, lower utilization rate of research funds, unreasonable evaluation system of achievement rewards and backward scientific and research concept, and other difficulties. Only by implementing the practice the scientific developing view, strengthening project management, improving the utilization rate of funds, making complete, objective and fair assessment mechanism, and strengthening the building of artistic disciplines research team, can we promote the development of artistic disciplines.

  6. Exploration on Improving Teaching Quality of Structural Chemistry in Agricultural Universities%提高农业院校结构化学课程教学质量的研究与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张东方

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the problems of Structural Chemistry in teaching, such as huge content, concept, less teaching hour, adhering to the concept of "tamp foundation, expand frontier, active thinking, multi-disciplines fusion and educate with entertainment", several coun- termeasures for improving teaching quality of Structural Chemistry in agricultural universities were put forward, so as to innovate students' learning enthusiasm and initiative, obtaining a good teaching effect.%针对结构化学课程教学中普遍存在的课程内容多、概念抽象、头绪繁杂、教学时数少的问题,秉承“务实基础、拓展前沿、活跃思维、多学科交叉融合、寓教于乐”的教学理念,提出了提高农业院校结构化学课程教学质量的对策,以激发学生学习的兴趣和主动性,取得良好的教学效果.

  7. 提高农林院校有机化学教学质量的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice on Improving the Teaching quality of Organic Chemistry at Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    聂旭亮; 陈金珠; 刘长相

    2012-01-01

    有机化学是高等农业院校中重要的专业基础课。针对目前农科有机化学课程教学的现状,作者从加强教学意识,注重教师教学魅力;慎重选择教学手段,钻研教学方法;精选教学教材,优化教学内容;加强实践教学等方面进行探索与尝试,以提高农学类专业有机化学教学质量.%Organic chemistry has been an important basic course for the major of agricultural university. According to the current status of the teaching of agro-organic chemistry, author made exploration and practic from enhancing teaching consciousness, pay attention to teachers' teaching charm; careful selection of teaching, research teaching method; selection of teaching materials, optimizing the teaching content; to strengthen the practice teaching, to improve the quality of the teaching of agro-organic chemistry.

  8. On the Willingness of Social Service of Agriculture and Forestry University Teachers%农林院校教师参与社会服务的意愿研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈必胜

    2014-01-01

    利用 OQSS 在线调查软件,对6所农林院校教师参与社会服务的意愿,进行了抽样调查。从职称、年龄、专业、性别等角度分析了他们的态度差异,从而发现:教师的职称、年龄与服务意愿正相关,教师的专业背景与服务意愿、服务渠道也有很大关系。最后从转换观念、加强管理、强化激励、提升能力等方面提出了建议意见。%This article investigated the attitudes of teachers towards social service at 6 agricultural and forestry universities by OQSS online investigating software.From the perspectives of their titles of technical posts, ages, professional backgrounds and gender,this article analyzed the differences in their attitudes towards social service. The result showed that teachers' title, age and service intention are positively related and that teachers’ professional background and their service intention and service channel are also important factors. Finally, from the angles of conception transformation, management improvement, incentive placement and ability upgrading, the article put forward some suggestions.

  9. Reform and practice of the microbiology course in agricultural university%农业院校微生物学课程教学改革与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖德聪; 陈强; 张小平; 辜运富; 赵珂

    2013-01-01

    Microbiology is a key professional basic course for plant production,resources and environment related majors in agricultural universities.Combined with the characteristics of Microbiology course,the reforming scheme on fully advancing essential-qualities-oriented education has been put forward by the teaching group in order to promote undergraduate students the ability in learning,practice and innovation,that is,establishing the modern education concept,renewing and optimizing course teaching system,and exploring on new teaching model so as to construct a new course quality control system.%微生物学是农业院校面向植物生产类和资源环境类专业的一门重要专业基础课程,课程组在教学实践中结合课程特点,通过树立现代教育观念、优化课程教学体系、创新教学模式、建设课程质量保证体系等改革探索,全面推进素质教育在课程教学中的实践,切实培养学生的学习能力、实践能力和创新能力.

  10. Research on Influence Factorson Graduation Thesis Quality in Economics and Management Major of Agricultural Universities%农业院校经管类本科生毕业论文质量影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕德宏; 刘俊; 包赫囡

    2016-01-01

    According to the course scores of 302 college graduates in economics and management majors of agricultural universities, this paper used factor analysis theory and software SPSS19. 0 Effect to find out the influ-ence factors on graduation thesis quality. The result showed that theoretical knowledge, knowledge application and innovation quality are the three common influence factors though with different degrees. Based on the result, this paper came up with some suggestions on thesis quality improvement: paying more attention to theoretical knowledge education and giving consideration to application and innovation education, optimizing syllabus design and expanding practice teaching links.%依据302名农业院校经管类本科毕业生的学业成绩,利用因子分析方法和SPSS19.0的效应分析,对本科生毕业论文质量影响因素进行分析。研究认为,理论知识、知识应用以及创新素质是影响本科生毕业论质量的三个公共因子,但影响程度各不相同,据此提出应重视理论知识和应用创新教育、优化课程安排和拓宽实践环节等对策建议。

  11. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  12. 农林高校生物分离工程课程教育教学的探索与实践%Exploration and practice on the teaching of bio-separation engineering course of agriculture and forestry universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽红; 侯文洁; 秦宝福; 贾志华; 杨淑慎

    2013-01-01

    Agriculture and forestry universities have a unique teaching environment and advantages in establishing the teaching of biological engineering. Relying on a large biological background of agriculture and forestry universities, using superior resources, enriching the teaching content and carrying out teaching reform, the author explores a education and teaching mode of bio-separation engineering course suitable for agriculture and forestry colleges and universities, in order to adapt to the needs of industrial development of agriculture and forestry.%农林高校在开设生物工程专业教学中有着独特的教学环境与优势。依托农林高校的大生物背景,利用优势资源,丰富教学内容并进行教学改革,探索适合农林高校生物分离工程课程教育教学的模式,以适应农林产业化发展的需要。

  13. BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE - ECO-FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselka Vlahova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodynamic agriculture is undoubtedly the oldest organized agricultural movement in the world. It is considered as an organic agricultural farming approach and determined as the oldest organized alternative agricultural movement in the world. In 1924 Rudolf Steiner – an Austrian natural scientist and philosopher, carried out a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz, currently Kobierzyce- Poland, where he formulated his visions on changes in agriculture and revealed his spiritual and scientific concepts about the connection between nature and agriculture by determining the important role of agriculture for the future of humanity and thus he became known as “the father of anthroposophy”. The great ecological effect of the application of the biodynamic agriculture is expressed in soil preservation and preservation of the living organisms in the soil, as well as maintenance of the natural balance in the vegetable and animal kingdom.

  14. A University in Paradise: Zhejiang University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Founded in 1897 and one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in China, Zhejiang University has the reputation as “Cambridge of the East.” It has always been one of the top universities in China, in terms of its comprehensive academic strength in teaching, research and facilities. In September of 1998, a new Zhejiang University was established on the basis of amalgamation of the four former individual universities,Zhejiang University,, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University, all located in the garden city of Hangzhou. Endowed with a pleasant climate, picturesque surroundings and a favorable academic atmosphere, Zhejiang University is an ideal place for teaching, research and learning.

  15. FOOD SECURITY AND UNIVERSITY AGRICULTURAL STUDENTS ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OGA AMOLEGBE

    has implication for reducing high rate of unemployment and continual rise in food insecurity. ... capital, interest, knowledge, Government policy on import and academic pursuit were the ... population live on less than 100 (U.S Dollars ..... rural development and lifelong learning in. Asia. Asian J.Agr. Dev., 2 (1-2): 15-24. Bellay ...

  16. Discussion on Nurturing Ways of Full-time Undergraduates from Rural Areas in Agricultural and Forestry Universities%农林类院校培养全日制农民大学生的方式探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余英玉; 喻卫武; 曾燕如

    2009-01-01

    Starting from the nurturing objective, the advantages that agricultural and forestry universities have in nurturing undergraduates from rural areas were analyzed. Also the paper pointed out that political quality should be taken into account in nurturing undergraduates from the peasants. Case-based lecturing should be adopted for basic courses, and attention should be paid to development of their professional practicing ability. Professional lecturing should be done in an open way, and education of the present status and developmental patterns of rural areas in China should be strengthened. Development of the students' ability in controlling the end of an agricultural industrial chain should be emphasized and the students should be guided to be actively involved in cultural activities on campus. In order to send more quality constructors to the construction of new socialist rural areas, more undergraduates from peasants should be nurtured by full-time education system.%从农民大学生培养目的出发,分析了农林类院校培养农民大学生的优势,在培养方式上提出应重视农民大学生政治素养培养;基础课程实施实例式授课;注重专业实践能力培养,设置开放式的专业教学;加强中国农村现状与发展模式的教育;注重培养农民大学生控制农业产业链末端的能力;引导农民大学生积极参与校园文化活动,发挥农林类院校在培养农民大学生方面的优势,通过全日制农民大学生的培养为社会主义新农村建设输送更多的高素质建设者.

  17. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  18. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  19. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  20. Agricultural SWOT analysis and wisdom agriculture design of chengdu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qian; Chen, Xiangyu; Du, Shaoming; Yin, Guowei; Yu, Feng; Liu, Guicai; Gong, Jin; Han, Fujun

    2017-08-01

    According to the status of agricultural information, this paper analyzed the advantages, opportunities and challenges of developing wisdom agriculture in Chengdu. By analyzed the local characteristics of Chengdu agriculture, the construction program of Chengdu wisdom agriculture was designed, which was based on the existing agricultural informatization. The positioning and development theme of Chengdu agriculture is leisure agriculture, urban agriculture and quality agriculture.

  1. Competences in Demand within the Spanish Agricultural Engineering Sector

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perdigones, Alicia; Valera, Diego Luis; Moreda, Guillermo Pedro; García, Jose Luis

    2014-01-01

    The Rural Engineering Department (Technical University of Madrid) ran three competence surveys during the 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 academic years and evaluated: (1) the competences gained by agricultural engineer's degree and agricultural technical engineer's degree students (360 respondents); (2) the competences demanded by agricultural employers…

  2. Migrant labor in agriculture: an international comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, P L

    1985-01-01

    The May 1984 Conference on Migrant Labor in Agriculture at the University of California-Davis discussed papers by 22 farm labor experts from 12 nations. Each industrial nation utilizes a different set of public and private policies to supply workers for labor-intensive agriculture, but none is entirely satisfactory. Labor-intensive agriculture is becoming more dependent on workers who are shut out of labor markets. Some countries have simply accepted foreign workers in agriculture, while others have adopted policies to integrate farm and nonfarm labor markets. Polices to reduce agriculture's reliance on workers-without-options include restructuring employment practices to employ fewer seasonal workers for longer periods, mechanizing production, and importing fruits and vegetables from nearby developing countries. This article explains the salient features of labor-intensive agriculture, the various polices for obtaining seasonal farmworkers, and options to reduce farming's dependence on migrant labor.

  3. Cultivating Employability of Agricultural University Students Based on Psycho-social Construct%基于心理社会模型的农业院校大学生就业能力培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙荣山; 桑运川

    2015-01-01

    Employability is a career-related capability, including core skills group of attitude, personality changes and so on. Em-ployability not only includes these core skills group owned by individuals but is also related to the environment of individuals, the strat-egy individuals adopt to respond to the labor market and labor market environment. This paper maintains that according to psycho-social construct, employability includes three interrelated aspects, adaptability, career identity, human and social capital, and thus puts for-ward the agricultural university students’ employability training strategy.%就业能力是一种与职业相关的综合能力,包括态度、个性等可变化的核心技能群,就业能力不仅取决于个人拥有的这些核心技能群,而且还与个人所处环境,个人应对劳动力市场的策略以及劳动力市场环境有关。就业能力的心理社会模型认为就业能力包含适应性( Adaptability )、职业认同( Career Identity )、人力资本与社会资本( Human and Social Capital)三个互相关联的部分,并由此提出农业院校大学生就业能力培养策略。

  4. 江西农业大学学生社团现状与发展对策%Research on satus and development strategy of student societies of Jiangxi Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许兵; 袁晓燕; 陈家兴

    2012-01-01

    Student organizations as an important carrier of the construction of campus culture, are also an important part of the second classroom. In order to actively promote the second classroom education of Jiangxi Agricultural University, the paper discusses and analyzes the present status, development countermeasures and size of the student societies by summarizing their characteristics and outlining their existing problems. Therefore, it is suggested that the development of student organizations is supposed to be promoted by perfecting policies, increasing in investment, cultivating personality, and strengthening guidance and training, etc. , which is of great signifi- cance for further reinforcing the construction of student organizations.%学生社团是高校校园文化建设的重要载体,也是高校第二课堂的重要组成部分。为了积极推进江西农业大学第二课堂教育,分析了江西农业大学学生社团的现状与规模,总结了江西农业大学学生社团的特点,概括了江西农业大学学生社团存在的问题,并对江西农业大学学生社团的发展对策进行了探讨,认为可以从完善政策、加大投入、培育个性、加强指导、加强培训等方面推动学生社团发展,进一步加强学生社团的建设。

  5. 农村人力资本投资视阈下的地方农业高校作为%Rural Human Capital Investment and the Role of Local Agricultural Colleges Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭晓丽; 何云峰

    2012-01-01

    Rural human capital is a capital of providing future economic values.The cultivation of human capital in rural areas is demanding in constructing a new socialist countryside.With advantages of location, experience,information, talents and technology, local agricultural colleges and universities should play more vigorous role in rural human capital investment by building rural labor training system, exploring various ARES model, establishing learning rural community, improving learning ability and scientific quality to provide great intellectual and brainpower support.%农村人力资本是一种提供未来经济价值的资本。新农村建设对农村人力资本的培育提出了更高的要求。地方农业高校处于中心城市的区位优势,加之长久服务三农的经验及得天独厚的信息、人才、科技优势决定了其在农村人力资本的投资中应积极作为:建立农村劳动力培训体系,探索各形式的科技推广服务,并致力于学习型农村的构建,提升农村人力资本的学习能力与科技素质,为新农村建设提供强有力的智力支持与人才支撑。

  6. Journal of Integrative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Integrative Agriculture (JIA), formerly Agricultural Sciences in China (ASC), founded in 2002, is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). JIA seeks to publish those papers that are influential and will significantly advance scientific understanding in agriculture fields worldwide.

  7. Theme: Agricultural Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deeds, Jacquelyn P.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Six theme articles attempt to define and advocate agricultural literacy, review the status of K-8 agricultural literacy programs in states, discuss an Oklahoma study of agricultural literacy, clarify the meaning of sustainable agriculture, and describe the Future Farmers of America's Food for America program for elementary students. (SK)

  8. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  9. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications. The Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics was compiled to include a comprehensive overview of the geoph...

  10. 农忙实践对农科大学生的影响调查①--基于扬州大学2010届农科专业学生农忙实践的调查%Investigation of the Influence of busy Farming Practices on the Agricultural College Students--Based on the investigation to 2010 session of agricultural college students busy farming practice of Yangzhou university

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国生; 陈后庆; 华鹤良; 孔佑兵; 吴慧; 田银芳

    2013-01-01

    通过对扬州大学农科大学生问卷式调查,结果显示:(1)当今农科大学生基本构成超出人们的预期;(2)农忙实践对农科大学生的专业意识、专业思想影响明显;(3)80%以上的学生能够通过农忙实践确立发展方向、明确实践的重要性;(4)70%以上的学生经过农忙实践的锻炼,团结合作精神、情感交流能力显著提高。%By questionnaire survey the agricultural college students of the yangzhou university, the results showed: (1)the basic composition of the current agricultural college students was beyond people’s expectations; (2) the busy farming practices had obvious significance on the agricultural college students’ professional consciousness, professional thought ; (3) the students was more than 80% ,which could establish development direction, the importance of clear practice by the busy farming practices ;(4)the students was more than 70% ,which emotional communication, solidarity and cooperation spirit, would greatly enhance by farming practice exercise.

  11. Implementing CLIL in Higher Education in Thailand: The Extent to Which CLIL Improves Agricultural Students' Writing Ability, Agricultural Content, and Cultural Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chansri, Charinee; Wasanasomsithi, Punchalee

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the extent to which a CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) course at university level in Thailand improves undergraduate Agricultural students' writing ability, agricultural content, and cultural knowledge. The study sample consisted of 27 students majoring in Agriculture at a public university in…

  12. 山东农业大学环境实验室室内空气质量评价%EVALUATION FOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL LABORATORIES OF SHANDONG AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国静; 李金玲; 宋雅楠; 张泽田; 于洪涛

    2013-01-01

    Indoor air pollution will cause a series of adverse effects on human health. Indoor air quality in laboratories will also affect the staffs physical health. This test was up to Determine SO2, NO2, ammonia, formaldehyde, PM10 and the anet then to radon for each environmental lab of Resources and Environment Institute of Shandong Agricultural University, analyse the results and get evaluation. The test results show that all indicators reached the standard except ammonia ; all indicators'concentration difference of each laboratory was non - significant ( P < 0.05 ) , except HCHO; the indoor air quality of every laboratory belongs to slight pollution. The indoor air quality of laboratories is mainly related to the experimental activities and drug - volatile.%室内空气污染会对人类的身体健康造成一系列的不良影响.实验室内空气质量的好坏同样会影响实验人员的身体健康.对山东农业大学实验中心环境实验室进行二氧化硫、二氧化氮、氨、甲醛、可吸入颗粒物及氡的测定,并对测定结果进行统计分析与评价.测定结果显示,各实验室除了氨的含量超标以外,其他各项指标均达标;除了甲醛外,其他各项指标的各实验室浓度差异均未达到显著性水平(P<0.05);各实验室室内空气质量均属于轻度污染水平;室内空气质量主要与实验活动及药品、试剂的挥发有关.

  13. Comprehensive Evaluation of Teachers'Classroom Teaching Quality in Local Agricultural University%地方高等农业院校教师课堂教学质量综合评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱兴琳; 唐茜; 李雪莲

    2013-01-01

    According to teachers'classroom teaching quality characteristics of local agricultural universities, combined centered-student with institute experts, peer review, multi-level evaluation system was built. Taking into account the incompatibility and vagueness of the classroom teaching quality indicators, the fuzzy element assessment model of classroom teaching quality based on matter-element theory, fuzzy set theory and Euclidean approach degree was presented. Comprehensive weight method was adopted to calculate the index weight coefficient to avoid weight distribution problems and too much human judgment of a superior standard of quality of teaching uncertainty. The model was applied to the instance, the results of the evaluation were compared with the weighted sum method to verify the validity of the model. The research results showed that the fuzzy matter element model for the evaluation of class teaching quality is feasible, and the conclusion is reliable.%针对地方高等农业院校教师课堂教学质量的特征,构建了以学生为主体,学院专家、教师同行评价相结合的多层次评估体系.考虑到教师课堂教学质量指标的模糊性及评价结果的不相容性,构建了基于物元理论、模糊集理论及欧氏贴近度的教师课堂教学质量模糊物元评价模型,运用组合赋权法计算指标的权重系数,避免权重分配问题,以及渗入过多人为因素造成评判标准的不确定性,将该模型运用到实际中,评价结果与加权求和法评价结果一致,验证了该模型的有效性.研究结果表明,模糊物元模型评价高校教师课堂教学质量,方法简便可行,结论可靠.

  14. 农林院校计算机基础课程分级教学研究%On the Hierarchical Teaching of Computer Basic Courses in Agricultural and Forestry Colleges and Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张爱国; 宋平

    2011-01-01

    针对高等农林院校学生计算机基础知识水平不同,实施分级分层次教学可以较好地实现以人为本,以学生为主体的现代教学理念,真正意义上提高计算机基础课程教学质量,更好地满足农林专业人才培养和社会需求。农林院校计算机基础课程分级教学需要解决师资素质、教学成本、教学管理和学生心理等主要问题。农林院校计算机基础课程分级教学需要强化以人为本的教学理念,提升师资队伍教学水平;科学选择或编写教材,认真规划设计教学内容;增加教学软硬件等设施投入,提高现代化教学管理水平;增强教师人文关怀意识,强化学生身心健康水平。%In view of the fact that students of agricultural and forestry colleges and universities are on various levels of the basic knowledge of computer science the author holds the idea that practicing hierarchical teaching conforms with the modern student-centered teaching concept,really improves the teaching quality of basic computer courses and meet social needs for forestry personnel developing.Such problems as teacherly quality,teaching cost,teaching management and student psychology need to be solved to practice hierarchical teaching in basic computer courses.Besides,practicing hierarchical teaching in basic computer courses involves strengthening the human-oriented teaching concept,improving teacher's level of teaching,choosing or compiling textbooks in a scientific way,carefully planning and designing teaching contents,increasing the investment in both hardware and software facilities,upgrading the modern teaching management and strengthening teachers' human-centered consciousness and student physical and psychological health.

  15. Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected, This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). NAIP acquires digital ortho imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. NAIP imagery may contain as much as 10% cloud cover per tile. This fil, Published in 2005, 1:63360 (1in=1mile) scale, University of Georgia.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — Aerial Photography and Imagery, Ortho-Corrected dataset current as of 2005. This data set contains imagery from the National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP). NAIP...

  16. Saline agriculture in Mediterranean environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albino Maggio

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Salinization is increasingly affecting world's agricultural land causing serious yield loss and soil degradation. Understanding how we could improve crop productivity in salinized environments is therefore critical to meet the challenging goal of feeding 9.3 billion people by 2050. Our comprehension of fundamental physiological mechanisms in plant salt stress adaptation has greatly advanced over the last decades. However, many of these mechanisms have been linked to salt tolerance in simplified experimental systems whereas they have been rarely functionally proven in real agricultural contexts. In-depth analyses of specific crop-salinity interactions could reveal important aspects of plant salt stress adaptation as well as novel physiological/agronomic targets to improve salinity tolerance. These include the developmental role of root vs. shoot systems respect to water-ion homeostasis, morphological vs. metabolic contributions to stress adaptation, developmental processes vs. seasonal soil salinity evolution, residual effects of saline irrigation in non-irrigated crops, critical parameters of salt tolerance in soil-less systems and controlled environments, response to multiple stresses. Finally, beneficial effects of salinization on qualitative parameters such as stress-induced accumulation of high nutritional value secondary metabolites should be considered, also. In this short review we attempted to highlight the multifaceted nature of salinity in Mediterranean agricultural systems by summarizing most experimental activity carried out at the Department of Agricultural Engineering and Agronomy of University of Naples Federico II in the last few years.

  17. 校院两级管理体制改革背景下青年教师职业规划策略研究--以安徽农业大学为例%Career Planning Strategies for Young Teachers under the Background of the Reform of Two-level Management by University and School:Taking Anhui Agricultural University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李纪华

    2016-01-01

    2010年以来借鉴其他高校改革经验,安徽农业大学积极开展校院两级管理体制改革。此次改革将对青年教师的职业发展产生重大影响,为此青年教师应从思想上高度重视此次改革,并在行动上采取如下职业规划策略:利用优势,抓住机会,强化科研方面投入的SO策略;规避劣势,虚心求教,弥补教学方面不足的WO策略;发挥年富力强优势,争取从事社会服务、出国进修机会的ST 策略;积极进取,团结协作,逐渐积累学术成果,规避威胁的WT 策略。改革之后,青年教师将会面临更加严峻的挑战,但这种挑战必将转化为青年教师奋勇向前、提升自我的动力。%Drawing on the reform experience of other universities , Anhui Agricultural University has been taking the initiative to carry out the reform of two‐level management by university and school since 2010 .And this reform is exerting a significant impact on career development of young teachers .For this reason ,young teachers should attach great importance to this reform inwardly and in action they should adopt the following career planning strategies :the SO strategy by leveraging strengths , seizing opportunities , and increasing input in scientific researches ;the WO strategy by avoiding weaknesses ,humbly asking for guidance and making up for the deficiency in teaching ;the ST strategy by giving full play to the advantage of age ,being engaged in social services and striving for the opportunity to study abroad ;and the WT strategy by being aggressive ,having team spirit ,gradually accumulating academic achievements and avoiding threats .While young teachers will face more rigorous challenges when the reform is carried out in an all‐round way ,the challenges shall be converted into motive forces to make young teachers courageously move forward and improve themselves .

  18. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  19. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  20. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  1. Agriculture: Land Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land Use and agriculture. Information about land use restrictions and incentive programs.Agricultural operations sometimes involve activities regulated by laws designed to protect water supplies, threatened or endangered plants and animals, or wetlands.

  2. Urban Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    John Bourne High School in Queens, New York, offers an agricultural program enrolling more than 400 students. The curriculum includes agricultural career exploration, plant and animal science, summer land laboratories, and a special education component. (SK)

  3. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban

  4. National Agriculture Imagery Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. A primary goal of the NAIP...

  5. Agriculture: Climate Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Climate change affects agricultural producers because agriculture and fisheries depend on specific climate conditions. Temperature changes can cause crop planting dates to shift. Droughts and floods due to climate change may hinder farming practices.

  6. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  7. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  8. Agricultural Decision Making Using North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, F.; Mullins, B.; Morlock, D.; Carcoana, R.

    2010-09-01

    The North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network (NDAWN) consists of 72 automated weather stations spread across agricultural locations of North Dakota, the Red River Valley, and border regions of surrounding states. The NDAWN Center is a part of the Department of Soil Science, North Dakota State University. The NDAWN stations measure wind speed and direction, air temperature, rainfall, solar radiation, pressure (31 stations), atmospheric moisture and soil temperatures under bare and turf at 10 cm (4 inch) depth. The center provides daily summaries consisting of maximums and minimums as well as time of occurrence, and various totals or averages for all variables in English or metric units. Measured and calculated variables along with complete descriptions are available. The NDAWN Center web site: http://ndawn.ndsu.nodak.edu/ allows direct access to NDAWN data in various special and temporal scales. The voice modem accommodates those who do not have internet access. The NDAWN Center has assisted many North Dakotans in making weather critical decisions concerning their crops, livestock, and livelihood. The stations provide weather data, which was instrumental in developing various agricultural models including but not limited to the late blight model, degree day and growth stage models for barley, corn, canola, potato, sugarbeet, sunflower, wheat and other small grains, irrigation scheduling, crop water use, sugarbeet root maggot, and insect development models. Late blight model, for example, predicts when leaf disease can occur in potato plants. Late blight doesn't occur in North Dakota every year and is prevalent during cool and moist periods of weather. In 1993-94, this model predicted that late blight would occur and growers were able to use fungicide applications to prevent the disease. Another direct benefit of NDAWN data is that it provides universities and the National Weather Service with an additional database for research and forecasting applications

  9. EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES ON DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN SLOVAKIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubica RUMANOVSKÁ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the situation of the agricultural land market in Slovakia and in selected region of the SR – Nitra region, on the application and development of agricultural land prices in Slovakia and on the factors that influence the decisions of agricultural enterprises on the market with agricultural land. In this paper were used primary data obtained with interview method realized within the research of Department of European policies, Slovak University of Agriculture during the period 2012 – 2013 in all districts of region Nitra. The evaluation of the impact of agricultural subject on agricultural land market in Slovakia was realized by using the method of regression analysis. Based on the results from the research we can state that entrepreneurs still prefer more to rent land then to purchase a land. The main factors influencing the decision-making process of agricultural subjects are ownership fragmentation, the fragmentation of agricultural plots and business's financial situation and profitability of the purchase. Many entrepreneurs pointed to this indicator as one of the most influential in terms of increasing the market price, respectively as a reason for not signing the lease agreement. The agricultural land market in Slovakia is emerging but still not sufficiently transparent. Further development of the market will continue to be marked by the overall economic situation in agriculture, relatively low competitiveness of Slovak farmers in the European market and reduced profitability. Research showed that the most pronounced effect on the price of agricultural land and the amount of rent for agricultural land has the number of enterprises. Growing number of farms will increase the price or amount of rent for agricultural land.

  10. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  11. Relationship of Perceived Sex Bias and the Decision of Women to Teach Production Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ries, Ann E.; McCracken, J. David

    A study sought to determine whether the perception of sex bias influences a woman's decision to teach vocational agriculture. Separate questionnaires were administered to female secondary vocational agriculture students, female university students enrolled in agricultural education, and female vocational agriculture teachers. Each of the…

  12. Conditions of Agricultural Catastrophe Risks in China and Establishment of Agricultural Risks Protection Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Agricultural risks in our country have been introduced:firstly,disasters are multiple and frequently happened;secondly,widely affected and seriously suffered.Features of risks also are introduced:the first is the agricultural risk unit is large;the second is the agricultural risk is strongly regional;the third is the agricultural risk is universally half revival.The paper discusses the limits of the agricultural risks management,pointing out that in the management systems of agricultural risks,government finance is strongly burdened,compensations on the catastrophe is small in region,low in level.Based on the above analysis,the protection systems of agricultural risks have been constructed:the first is to establish the reassurance systems of agricultural risks;the second is to establish the risk funds of single agricultural item;the third is to transfer the catastrophe risks through stocks;the fourth is to construct multi leveled countermeasures of agricultural risks.

  13. ANALYSIS OF DIVERSIFICATION EFFORTS IN AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PROCHÁZKA, Petr

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Study of agriculture enjoys less popularity over time in most of the developed countries, including Canada and the Czech Republic. Analysis in this paper provides interesting findings about activities of agricultural universities to increase enrollment into their programs. While the study is focused on Canada, it is possible to draw implications also for the Czech Republic as many of the characteristics pertaining to the education and agricultural sectors are similar. Enrollment into educational programs in agriculture in North America has been steadily declining in the last several decades. While the overall share of agriculture on national gross domestic product has also been falling, the need for qualified people in agriculture is still eminent as the shift to sustainable agriculture appears to be one of the key priorities of governments in the US and Canada. One of the ways how to facilitate interest of prospective students to study agriculture is to diversify the programs through offering of more major options. It is important to study the motivation and other stimuli for the choice of major in order to adapt the educational programs and attract more students. In the paper, factors influencing the choice of major are studied by analyzing survey data from the only agricultural college in Atlantic Canada. The results show significant differences in the socio-economic background among the prospective students based on the choice of major. For example, students interested in social sciences much more appraise more choices of major than students in biophysical fields. Based on the findings from the analysis, several recommendations are made. It is suggested, for example, that for students interested in biophysical sciences, sport plays an important role and thus, appropriate promotional campaign about recreation and sport facilities of a post-secondary agricultural educational institutions should be conducted. Analysis in this paper may serve

  14. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  15. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  16. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences - Vol 8, No 2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences. ... Assessment of training needs of extension personnel in agricultural research institutes and .... Assessment and classification of hazardous street trees in University of Ibadan Nigeria.

  17. Sustainable intensification in agricultural systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretty, Jules; Bharucha, Zareen Pervez

    2014-12-01

    Agricultural systems are amended ecosystems with a variety of properties. Modern agroecosystems have tended towards high through-flow systems, with energy supplied by fossil fuels directed out of the system (either deliberately for harvests or accidentally through side effects). In the coming decades, resource constraints over water, soil, biodiversity and land will affect agricultural systems. Sustainable agroecosystems are those tending to have a positive impact on natural, social and human capital, while unsustainable systems feed back to deplete these assets, leaving fewer for the future. Sustainable intensification (SI) is defined as a process or system where agricultural yields are increased without adverse environmental impact and without the conversion of additional non-agricultural land. The concept does not articulate or privilege any particular vision or method of agricultural production. Rather, it emphasizes ends rather than means, and does not pre-determine technologies, species mix or particular design components. The combination of the terms 'sustainable' and 'intensification' is an attempt to indicate that desirable outcomes around both more food and improved environmental goods and services could be achieved by a variety of means. Nonetheless, it remains controversial to some. This review analyses recent evidence of the impacts of SI in both developing and industrialized countries, and demonstrates that both yield and natural capital dividends can occur. The review begins with analysis of the emergence of combined agricultural-environmental systems, the environmental and social outcomes of recent agricultural revolutions, and analyses the challenges for food production this century as populations grow and consumption patterns change. Emergent criticisms are highlighted, and the positive impacts of SI on food outputs and renewable capital assets detailed. It concludes with observations on policies and incentives necessary for the wider adoption of

  18. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  19. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  20. Sustaining Rural Communities through Sustainable Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ikerd, John

    A 5-year collaborative project between Missouri, Michigan State, and Nebraska Universities to provide new opportunities for rural community self-development through sustainable agriculture had mixed results. This happened because community members did not understand the principles of sustainability, and because the extension education system was…

  1. Post-Secondary Education in Agricultural Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Paul E.; Henebry, William J.

    1970-01-01

    Paul Curtis is Lead Instructor in Agriculture and William Henebry is Instructor in Agri-Marketing at Parkland College, Champaign, Illinois. Dr. Curtis holds a Ph.D. in agronomy from the University of Illinois where he conducted research and taught plant breeding and plant physiology. Mr. Henebry, with 23 years of experience as a grain elevator…

  2. Agricultural and Rural Informatization Construction in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mao; ZHANG

    2015-01-01

    Currently,faced with the rapid development of information technology and increasing competition of the global economy,many countries have been very concerned about the issues of informatization concerning agriculture and rural areas. The level of informatization in the developed countries has been universally high,and some developing countries are also highly concerned about how to actively promote the rural market information service. With the increasing level of China’s economic development,agriculture and rural economy have placed a growing demand on informatization. From the overall perspective of agricultural and rural informatization,this paper gives a detailed analysis of current situation,goals,tasks and constraints about agricultural and rural informatization construction,and finally makes the corresponding recommendations.

  3. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  4. Ukraine Agricultural Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The agri-food sector is an important part of the Ukrainian economy. Agriculture could make an even larger contribution to economic growth and the vitality of rural areas in Ukraine than is currently the case. Ukraine has the agro-climatic potential to be a major player on world agricultural markets. Agricultural competitiveness in Ukraine also suffers from inadequate systems to test and do...

  5. Organic Agriculture and Nanotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Jahanban, Leila; Davari, Mohammadreza

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. On the other hand, nanotechnology is a rapidly developing domain of research and practice, the terminology is in a state of flux and usage is evolving. Nano-applications are being applied across the entire agriculture and food sectors. In agriculture, for example, nano-pesticides and nano-sensors are changing ...

  6. Agriculture - reconciling ancient tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Atkinson

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making in agriculture has tended to be driven by factors other than environmental concerns. This may be changing, and perhaps the emphases of the two creation accounts in Genesis (responsible management or 'dominion', and active care may become more important. The paper examines a number of current developments in agriculture (synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic manipulation, and organic versus industrial methodologies and discusses the issues they raise for agricultural productivity and the human communities dependent on farming. The questions raised are complex; we are faced with establishing a new paradigm for agricultural practice.

  7. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...

  8. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  9. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  10. The Research of Joniskis Agricultural School Students Profession Career Orientations

    OpenAIRE

    Jasiūnienė, Inga

    2006-01-01

    Paper author: Inga Jasiūnienė Paper topic: The Research of Joniskis Agricultural School Students Profession Career Orientations Place of writing the paper: Lithuanian Agricultural University. The Department of Profession Education and Psychology. 2006 Size of paper: 56 pages Paper contains: 3 tables, 14 pictures, 2 supplements Literature sources: 30 Research object: Profession Career Orientations of Joniskis Agricultural School Students Research methods: The analyses of s...

  11. Statistical Analysis on the Published Papers about Animal Husbandry and Veterinary in Five 211 Agricultural Universities Based on WOS%基于WOS的畜牧兽医学科发文统计分析——以5所211农业院校为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王芹

    2012-01-01

    Based on the WOS (Web of Science), the published papers about animal husbandry and veterinary of five 211 agricultural universities in the past ten years were statistically analyzed. A case study of Northwest A&F University was carried out to expose the research status and problems of China animal husbandry and veterinary disciplines.%基于WOS(Web of Science,全球获取学术信息的主要数据库),对我国5所211农业院校的畜牧兽医学科近10年的发文进行统计分析,并以西北农林科大学为例进行了详细分析,展现了我国畜牧兽医学科领域的科研现状与问题.

  12. Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences: Editorial Policies. Journal Home ... These reviewers are academics and researchers in Universities and Research Institutes. They must possess a ... L.R. Anderson, Stanford, U.S.A.. R. Schlauderer ...

  13. Characterization and Classification of Soils on an Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    3Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. 4Department of ... getting the best understanding of the environment (Esu,. 2005). ...... Atlas of the Northern State of Nigeria. Ahmadu.

  14. Land Evaluation of an Agricultural Landscape in Dingyadi District ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    3Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. 4Department of ... to the point that a great part of arable land, especially in ..... Agroclimatological Atlas of the Northern State of. Nigeria ...

  15. BOOK REVIEW FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL LAW: READINGS ON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The book, Food and Agricultural Law is Nigeria's first authoritative book .... innovations and reforms as exemplified by Afe Babalola University and the. ABUAD Farm. 2. ... and advocates access to information on new farming methods and tech-.

  16. Conservation agriculture in high tunnels: soil health and profit enhancement

    Science.gov (United States)

    In 2013, through the USDA’s Evans-Allen capacity grant, the high tunnel became an on-farm research laboratory for conservation agriculture. Dr. Manuel R. Reyes, Professor and his research team from the North Carolina Agriculture and Technology State University (NCATSU), Greensboro, North Carolina (1...

  17. Documentation in the Literature of Tropical and Subtropical Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brennen, Patrick W.

    1974-01-01

    A six month study of serial literature of tropical and subtropical agriculture at 51 land-grant universities and the National Agricultural Library showed wide ranges of coverage. The results present a strong case in favor of division of subject fields among libraries within regional areas in the United States. (Author/LS)

  18. Clustering of agricultural enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaela Beranová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural business is a very specific branch which is characterized by very low financial performance while this characteristic is given mainly by external factors as market pricing of agricultural commodities on one side, and production costs of agricultural commodities on the other side. This way, agricultural enterprises recognize negative values of gross margin in the Profit and Loss Statement but positive value of operating profit after even there are items of costs which are deducted. These results are derived from agricultural production subsidies which are recognized as income in the P/L Statement. In connection with this fact, the government subsidies are a substantial component of financial performance of agricultural enterprises.Primary research proceeded on the statistical sample of one hundred agricultural companies, has shown that also other specifics influencing financial performance of these businesses exist here. In order to determine the influences, the cluster analysis has been applied at using more than 10 variables. This approach has led to construction of clusters (groups of agricultural business entities with different characteristics of the group. The objective of this paper is to identify the main determinants of financial performance of agricultural enterprises and to determine their influences under different economic characteristics of these business entities. For this purpose, the regression analysis has been subsequently applied on the groups of companies coming out from the cluster analysis. Besides the operating profit which is the main driving force of financial performance measured with the economic value added (EVA in agricultural enterprises, also capital structure and cost of capital have been observed as very strong influences on financial performance but these factors have different directions of their influence on the economic value added under different financial characteristics of agricultural

  19. The Urban Agriculture Circle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.E.; Chambers, Joe; Sabas, Eva; Veen, E.J.

    2015-01-01

    The lack of inclusion of urban agriculture in city planning directly affects the success of initiatives in this sector, which subsequently could impede fu-ture innovations. The poor representation of urban agriculture in planning can be attributed to a lack of understanding about its multi-functiona

  20. Agricultural Technology Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh. Agricultural Technology Education Section.

    Agricultural education programs available through North Carolina's newly created system of industrial education center, technical institutes, and community colleges are described. The information is for use by administrators, and teachers of adult agricultural courses and counselors of high school dropouts and graduates. It describes the need for…

  1. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  2. Good Wetland Agricultural Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hengsdijk, H.; Zingstra, H.L.

    2009-01-01

    Within the Guiding Agriculture Wetland Interaction (GAWI) project the Driver!Pressure!State! Impact!Response (DPSIR) approach has been adopted to describe and analyse agriculture!wetland interactions. The DPSIR approach provides a consistent framework to analyse the complex causal chain among

  3. Agricultural lung diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-01-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity an...

  4. Biomass Resources: Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kluts, Ingeborg N.; Brinkman, Marnix L. J.; de Jong, Sierk A.; Junginger, H. Martin

    2017-01-01

    Bioenergy is the single largest source of renewable energy in the European Union (EU-28); of this, 14% was produced from agricultural feedstocks in 2012. This chapter provides an overview of the current use (for bioenergy) and future potential of agricultural feedstocks for (amongst others)

  5. Conservation Agriculture in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Kertész

    2014-03-01

    Yield performance and stability, operating costs, environmental policies and programs of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP, and climate change will likely be the major driving forces defining the direction and for the extension of CA in Europe. The role of agriculture in climate change mitigation in the EU is discussed in the paper.

  6. Theme: Marketing Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staller, Bernie L.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Consists of six articles on marketing agricultural education. Topics include (1) being consumer conscious, (2) cooperating with agribusiness, (3) preparing students for postsecondary education, (4) allowing concurrent enrollments, (5) saving the failing agricultural program, and (6) refocusing the curriculum toward agrimarketing. (CH)

  7. Theme: Urban Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellibee, Margaret; And Others

    1990-01-01

    On the theme of secondary agricultural education in urban areas, this issue includes articles on opportunities, future directions, and implications for the profession; creative supervised experiences for horticulture students; floral marketing, multicultural education; and cultural diversity in urban agricultural education. (JOW)

  8. Identifying International Agricultural Concepts for Secondary Agricultural Education Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conner, Nathan W.; Gates, Hailey; Stripling, Christopher T.

    2017-01-01

    The globalization of the agriculture industry has created an emerging need for agricultural education in the United States to take a more globalized approach to prepare students for future careers in agriculture. The purpose of this study was to identify international agricultural concepts for secondary agricultural education curriculum. A Delphi…

  9. 涉农专业社团培养学生实践创新能力的途径探索*--以聊城大学新农科技社为例%Research on Ways of Developing Students’ Practical and Innovative Capabilities in Professional Association---A Case of New Agricultural Science and Technology Association in Liaocheng University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂清; 孟喜龙; 井岗; 张风平

    2015-01-01

    专业社团是高校大学生将课堂文化知识用于实战的平台,在培养学生的实践创新能力方面,发挥着不可替代的作用。聊城大学“新农科技社”为国家级“优秀学生社团”,属涉农专业社团,该社团通过创办社刊社报,组建“新农科技服务队”,举办“科技特派员”讲坛、“新农讲堂”、学科竞赛,建立信息站,参与教师科研与科技创新,顶岗带薪实训等活动,全方位提升学生的实践能力。%Professional association is a platform where college students can exercise the classroom knowledge into practice. It plays an irreplaceable role in developing students’ practical and innovative capabilities. The New Agricultural Science and Technology Association in Liaocheng University is one of the national “excellent associations” and belongs to professional agricultural association. By means of establishing “association magazine and association newspaper”,the Association establishes the “service team of new agriculture science and technology”,organizes the forum of “science and technology corre-spondents”,“new agricultural lecture” and subject competition,as well as other activities such as setting up information station, participating in the teachers’ scientific research and scientific innovation and paid training in worksite to comprehensively enhance the students’ practical and innovative capabilities.

  10. Genetic variability among Andrographis paniculata in Chhattisgarh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preeti minz

    2013-09-25

    Sep 25, 2013 ... 2 Department of Bio and Nano Technology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science &Technology, Hisar ... Genetic tools that use hybridization, polymerase chain ... based molecular markers have been found to be useful in.

  11. 农业工程类学科教育与课程整合--庆祝中国农业大学百年校庆%Reshaping curriculum and education for engineering in agriculture--For the Centennial Anniversary of China Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张源辉

    2005-01-01

    农业工程类专业在从农业机械化到农村电气化、从净跨木屋架设计到地下和地表水保护等领域的机械化农业过程中发挥了至关重要的作用.为进一步提高其贡献率和维持其可持续性发展,农业教育工作者应该从农业生产基础的角度对农业工程进行再定位.目前:农业工程学科已涉及除机械化生产之外的很多其他方面,例如精准农业、食品加工过程优化、室内和运输车辆内空气质量改善、生物质与生物质能源利用、通过生物过滤与径流控制以减少水体污染等,这些成果正在逐渐成为生物科学及其应用的重点;飞速发展的科学技术已允许我们在全球定位系统中,利用诸如分布式电力供给、纳米技术、生物传感器以及机器人等技术发展精细农业,使得每个动植物个体都可以作为一个实体进行处理以使效益最大化并将环境的负影响降至最低;我们对一些持续的挑战已经有能力应对--例如生物质和生物质能源在科学研究和经济领域内已经获得了新生.为适应那些更加广泛的挑战,我们需要培养相适应的学生和专业人士并使他们学会学习,把不断优化的专业基础知识应用到生产和社会实践中去,做促其高效持续发展的积极推动者.%Agricultural engineering profession has played a vital role in mechanizing agriculture, from farm machinery to rural electrification, from designing clear span wood trusses to protecting surface and ground water. To gain further efficiency and maintain sustainability, agricultural engineering will need to rethink the basics of production agriculture. The agricultural engineering discipline has already evolved into a number of different dimensions beyond mechanization for production, addressing such issues as precision agriculture, optimizing food production processes, improving air quality in buildings and vehicles, utilizing biomass and bioenergy, and

  12. Innovative Programs in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Developmental programs resulting from the increased emphasis on off-farm agricultural occupations and considered innovative by state wupervisors of agricultural education are described: (1) 17 high school vocational agriculture programs in horticulture, agricultural mechanics, forestry and conservation, agriculture and distribution, cooperative…

  13. Advancing agricultural greenhouse gas quantification*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olander, Lydia; Wollenberg, Eva; Tubiello, Francesco; Herold, Martin

    2013-03-01

    given to methods appropriate to low-income countries, where strategies are needed for getting robust data with extremely limited resources in order to support national mitigation planning within widely accepted standards and thus provide access to essential international support, including climate funding. Managing agricultural emissions needs to occur in tandem with managing for agricultural productivity, resilience to climate change, and ecosystem impacts. Management decisions and priorities will require measures and information that identify GHG efficiencies in production and reduce inputs without reducing yields, while addressing climate resilience and maintaining other essential environmental services, such as water quality and support for pollinators. Another set of papers in this issue considers the critical synergies and tradeoffs possible between these multiple objectives of mitigation, resilience, and production efficiency to help us understand how we need to tackle these in our quantification systems. Significant capacity to quantify greenhouse gases is already built, and with some near-term strategic investment, could become an increasingly robust and useful tool for planning and development in the agricultural sector around the world. Acknowledgments The Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security Program of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, the Technical Working Group on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (T-AGG) at Duke University's Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have come together to guide the development of this focus issue and associated activities and papers, given their common desire to improve our understanding of the state of agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) quantification and to advance ideas for building data and methods that will help mitigation policy and programs move forward around the world. We thank the David and Lucile Packard

  14. Agriculture and private sector

    OpenAIRE

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The pa...

  15. Atoms in Agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborne, Thomas S. [University of Tennessee

    1965-01-01

    Agriculture benefits from the applications of research. Radioactive techniques have been used to study soils, plants, microbes, insects, farm animals, and new ways to use and preserve foodstuffs. Radioactive atoms are not used directly by farmers but are used in research directed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Atomic Energy Commission, by the agricultural experiment stations of the various states, and by numerous public and private research institutions. From such research come improved materials and methods which are used on the farm.

  16. Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR) Vol. 11, No. 1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    C.P. Kalu

    Department of Forestry and Wildlife, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, ... Taungya provides Non Timber Forest Products (NTFP's) to farmers comprise of a wide ..... issues of university of Britain Colombia Press, Vancouver, 497-504.

  17. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  18. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture...

  19. Agricultural Producer Certificates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Certified Agricultural Producer, or representative thereof, is an individual who wishes to sell regionally-grown products in the public right-of-way. A Certified...

  20. World Agricultural Production

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture — Monthly report on crop acreage, yield and production in major countries worldwide. Sources include reporting from FAS’s worldwide offices, official statistics of...

  1. Agriculture: Nurseries and Greenhouses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurseries and Greenhouses. Information about environmental requirements specifically relating to the production of many types of agricultural crops grown in nurseries and greenhouses, such as ornamental plants and specialty fruits and vegetables.

  2. Nonpoint Source: Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agricultural runoff as a nonpoint source category of pollution. Resouces to learn more a bout conservation practices to reduce water quality impacts from storm water run off and ground water infiltration

  3. Agricultural Minerals Operations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  4. Agricultural Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of injury from working with livestock Risk of electrocution to persons operating large equipment that can contact ... which identifies common agricultural hazards and provides safety solutions for employers and young workers to prevent accidents ...

  5. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  6. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  7. Journal of Agricultural Extension

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mission Statement The mission of the "Journal of Agricultural Extension" is to publish ... diffusion and adoption of innovations; extension communication models and ... Socio-Economic Determinants of Cocoyam Farmer's Strategies for Climate ...

  8. Department of Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

      Topics Animal Health Biotechnology Climate Solutions Conservation Disaster and Emergency Preparedness Employee Services Energy Environment and Natural Resources Ethics Farm Bill Food and Nutrition Food Safety Forestry Housing Assistance Laws and Regulations Organic Agriculture ...

  9. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...... sector. It concentrates on those areas that are of particular focus for DFID policy and strategy....

  10. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    and is financed by consumers, while deficiency payments operate in the so-called low price system and are financed by taxpayers. In the high price system, support is given mainly by means of import regulations, etc., which ensure a relatively high domestic price. In the low price system, support is given by means...... in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...... of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During...

  11. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  12. USSR Report, Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    rations for ruminant animals. Its preparation from corn of milky-waxy ripeness, assuming the observance of all of the technological requirements, makes...combines of the agricultural chemicals association or on the kolkhozes and sovkhozes for the preservation of liquid preservatives or special means of...Tatar combine of the agricultural chemicals association, liquid preserv- atives are kept in wide-diameter polytheylene pipes.. A storage unit with

  13. Scoping Agriculture, Wetland Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is identified as the main cause of wetland degradation and loss. Using a drivers, pressures, state changes, impacts and responses (DPSIR) framework to analyze 90 cases drawn from all parts of the world and all wetland types, this report assesses the character of agriculture - wetlands interactions (AWIs) and their impacts in socio-economic and ecosystem services terms. The report is a technical framework that is used to scope out the relevance and nature of AWIs, identify response...

  14. Agricultural implications of the Fukushima nuclear accident

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakanishi, Tomoko M.

    2016-01-01

    More than 4 years has passed since the accident at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. Immediately after the accident, 40 to 50 academic staff of the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences at the University of Tokyo created an independent team to monitor the behavior of the radioactive materials in the field and their effects on agricultural farm lands, forests, rivers, animals, etc. When the radioactive nuclides from the nuclear power plant fell, they were instantly adsorbed at the site where they first touched; consequently, the fallout was found as scattered spots on the surface of anything that was exposed to the air at the time of the accident. The adsorption has become stronger over time, so the radioactive nuclides are now difficult to remove. The findings of our study regarding the wide range of effects on agricultural fields are summarized in this report. PMID:27538845

  15. Preservice Agricultural Education Teachers' Sense of Teaching Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stripling, Christopher; Ricketts, John C.; Roberts, T. Grady; Harlin, Julie F.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to perform a longitudinal examination of the teaching self-efficacy of preservice agricultural education teachers. Data were collected for two years at The University of Georgia and Texas A&M University during the Fall 2004 and Spring 2005 and the Fall 2005 and Spring 2006 semesters (N = 102). Data were collected at…

  16. Colombian agricultural sector, a major challenge from the Academy ... but not impossible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elias Carvajal Gómez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available From the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the University Foundation Juan de Castellanos, we care every day to improve our processes of education and professional training for the agricultural sector, delivering to society Agricultural Engineers and veterinarians with the highest quality, the which are tested in the field and in the office....

  17. Colombian agricultural sector, a major challenge from the Academy ... but not impossible

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    From the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences of the University Foundation Juan de Castellanos, we care every day to improve our processes of education and professional training for the agricultural sector, delivering to society Agricultural Engineers and veterinarians with the highest quality, the which are tested in the field and in the office....

  18. Seeds of Knowledge: The Evolution of the Louis Bromfield Sustainable Agriculture Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miraglia, Laurie L.

    The Louis Bromfield Sustainable Agriculture Library is located in Lucas, Ohio, at Malabar Farm State Park. Established in 1992, the library is jointly maintained by the Ohio State University Sustainable Agriculture Program and the Ohio Department of Agriculture. The library's namesake, Louis Bromfield, was a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and noted…

  19. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics.

  20. Agricultural Technology--A Real Industry-Education Partnership [and] John Deere Ag Tech in New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamford, Paul J.; Ginsburg, Alan

    1995-01-01

    Bamford describes the partnership between John Deere and colleges in the United States and Canada to train technicians in the latest agricultural technology. Ginsburg discusses the John Deere Agricultural Technology program at State University of New York-Cobleskill. (JOW)

  1. [Effects of agricultural activities and transgenic crops on agricultural biodiversity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xi-Tao; Luo, Hong-Bing; Li, Jun-Sheng; Huang, Hai; Liu, Yong-Bo

    2014-09-01

    Agricultural biodiversity is a key part of the ecosystem biodiversity, but it receives little concern. The monoculture, environmental pollution and habitat fragmentation caused by agricultural activities have threatened agricultural biodiversity over the past 50 years. To optimize agricultural management measures for crop production and environmental protection, we reviewed the effects of agricultural activities, including cultivation patterns, plastic mulching, chemical additions and the cultivation of transgenic crops, on agricultural biodiversity. The results showed that chemical pesticides and fertilizers had the most serious influence and the effects of transgenic crops varied with other factors like the specific transgene inserted in crops. The environmental risk of transgenic crops should be assessed widely through case-by-case methods, particularly its potential impacts on agricultural biodiversity. It is important to consider the protection of agricultural biodiversity before taking certain agricultural practices, which could improve agricultural production and simultaneously reduce the environmental impacts.

  2. Study on Professional Development of Foreign Language Teachers in Agricultural Universities from the perspective of Reflective Teaching%教学反思视角下农业院校外语教师专业发展研究与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李淑平

    2012-01-01

    分析了在普通高等农业院校中外语教师专业发展的内涵及现状,探讨了反思性教学的特点,得出反思性教学是普通高等农业院校外语教师专业发展的推动力,并指出其研究方法及实施过程.%The paper analyzed connotation and status of the professional development of foreign language teachers in common agricultural universities , and discussed the characteristics of reflective teaching, concluded that the reflective teaching is the driving force of the teachers'pro-fessional development, and finally pointed out the research method and implementation process of reflective teaching.

  3. Accounting principles case teaching needs of non-accounting major students questionnaire survey of China agricultural university%非会计专业会计学原理案例教学需求现状——中国农业大学问卷调查报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛霞; 宋俊艳

    2011-01-01

    通过问卷形式对中国农业大学经管类专业会计学原理课程案例教学需求进行调查,并对结果进行分析,旨在了解该校大一本科生对实施案例教学的需求及其影响因素,并在此基础上,对推进会计学原理课程教学手段改革提出建议。%This paper questionnaire on non-accounting majors of China agricultural university, and investigates their needs for accounting principles case teaching, in order to understand freshman undergraduate's needs for accounting principles case teaching and its influencing factors, and on this basis, to give some suggestions to promote the reformation of "Accounting Principles" teaching methods.

  4. 基于SCI-E的国内6所涉农高校畜牧兽医学科科研论文产出分析%Analysis of Scientific Research Paper Output of Six Agricultural Universities ’ Animal and Veterinary Subjects Based on SCI-E Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈琳; 唐惠燕; 施文

    2015-01-01

    Taking SCI-E database as a statistical source, and adopting the bibliometric method, this paper conducts an analytic investigation on the scientific research situation of relevant six agricultural universities’animal and veterinary subjects in mainland China in the period of 2004—2013 from the aspects of the number of published papers, subjects, countries/regions,and research institutions, etc.in order to reflect the scientific research output and cooperative situation of the subjects related to the animal and veterinary subjects of agricultural universities in China.%以SCI-E数据库为统计源,采用文献计量学方法,从发文量、学科、国家/地区、研究机构等方面,对国内6所涉农高校2004—2013年畜牧兽医学科的科研情况进行了分析研究,以期反映国内涉农高校畜牧兽医相关专业的科研产出及合作情况。

  5. FARMS: The Flexible Agricultural Robotics Manipulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Paul S.

    1991-01-01

    A technology utilization project was established with the Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Georgia to develop an Earth-based, robotic end effector to process live plant (geranium) material which will improve productivity and efficiency in agricultural systems such as commercial nurseries and greenhouse systems. The aim is to apply this technology to NASA's presence in space, including permanently manned space stations and manned planetary communities requiring large scale food production needs.

  6. Contribution of Agricultural Input to Output in Hohhot City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tinghe; DENG; Jie; TIAN

    2013-01-01

    Based on the research data from the economics and management platform of Inner Mongolia Agricultural University,we analyze the changes in the input of agricultural production factors,such as farmland,labor and capital in Hohhot City. Based on the principle of econometrics,we select the agricultural production input-output data in Hohhot City during the period 1992-2010,and establish the econometric model using Cobb-Douglas production factor,to estimate the rate of contribution of agricultural input to the growth of agricultural output value,and study the quantitative relations between agricultural input and agricultural output value. The results show that in Hohhot City,the contribution of chemical fertilizer input to the growth of agricultural output value is the greatest; the contribution of mechanical power to agricultural output value is still not brought into full play; the contribution of remaining production inputs ( including technical progress) accounts for 35. 69% . In the future,Hohhot City should pay more attention to the technical input to develop agriculture.

  7. Design and Developing of the Document Management System in Agricultural and Forestry Universities%农林院校文档管理系统的设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兴旺

    2011-01-01

    依据农林院校文档管理系统的设计需求,研究了农林院校文档管理系统的软件结构,给出了后台数据库的详细设计、前台应用程序的软件结构、设计界面及开发过程中涉及的相关软件编程技术,最后对系统整体的安全配置与管理作了较为充分的讨论.%Based on the design demand of the documents management system in agricultural and forestry univesities, the paper discussed the software structure of the documents management system, and then presented the detailed design of the backstage database, the software structure of onstage application procedure, the design interface and the related software programming technology, at last gave detailed discussion about the whole safe disposition and management of the system.

  8. 农业院校全日制专业学位研究生教育存在的问题探讨%Study on the Existing Problems of Full-time Professional Degree Graduate Education in Agricultural Univer-sities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康若祎; 刘川宁; 叶敏

    2012-01-01

      In recent years,with adjusting in structure of postgraduate education by he Ministry of Education,full-time professional degree post graduate education has been a very important part of university talents training. In the process of educational administration, these aspects need to fur ther strengthen in agricultural universities, such as the quality of students,the university students' receptivity,the acceptance of our society,the tutors conception,the construction of practice base. The educating units further improve the quality of full-time professional degree postgraduate education by aggrandizing propaganda,strengthening cooperation between universities and enterprises,perfecting degree standards and management regulations.%  近年来随着教育部对研究生培养结构的调整,全日制专业学位硕士研究生已成为高校人才培养的一个重要组成部分。在教育管理过程中,农业院校全日制专业学位研究生的生源质量、学生认同感、社会的认可度、导师指导定位和实践基地建设还需进一步加强。培养单位要加大宣传力度、加强校企合作、完善学位标准和管理条例,进一步提高全日制专业学位研究生教育质量。

  9. Urban Agriculture Program Planning Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul E.; Ethridge, Jim

    Urban agriculture may be defined as those areas of agriculture that are practiced in metropolitan settings, plus knowledge and skills in agricultural subject areas which lead to vocational proficiency and improved quality of life or effective citizenship. Agriculture areas that are especially significant in urban settings include ornamental…

  10. [Musculoskeletal disorders in agriculture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Christophe; Tourne, Mathias

    2007-06-15

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major area of concern in the occupational world. The agricultural industry is particularly affected: 93 percent of occupational diseases in agriculture are MSD. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in one third of the cases. Shoulder is the second most common location. The most affected occupational areas are meat production, viticulture, market gardening, horticulture and small animal farming. This MSD phenomenon, of multifactorial origin, which has been amplifying for two decades, has led to some consensus in terms of definition and prevention strategy. The aim is to identify, limit or even suppress risk factors through worker training as well as through actions related to work organization. Regarding occupational health and safety in agriculture, two fronts of progress have been mentioned: the creation of a statistic observatory of MSD (disease, occupational area and cost) and the assessment of prevention activities. Finally, a new issue is being discussed: sustainable prevention of MSD.

  11. Data mining in agriculture

    CERN Document Server

    Mucherino, Antonio; Pardalos, Panos M

    2009-01-01

    Data Mining in Agriculture represents a comprehensive effort to provide graduate students and researchers with an analytical text on data mining techniques applied to agriculture and environmental related fields. This book presents both theoretical and practical insights with a focus on presenting the context of each data mining technique rather intuitively with ample concrete examples represented graphically and with algorithms written in MATLAB®. Examples and exercises with solutions are provided at the end of each chapter to facilitate the comprehension of the material. For each data mining technique described in the book variants and improvements of the basic algorithm are also given. Also by P.J. Papajorgji and P.M. Pardalos: Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems, 'Springer Optimization and its Applications' vol. 25, ©2009.

  12. Measuring Agricultural Bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    . For the 15 sample countries, the results indicate that the agricultural price incentive bias, which was generally perceived to exist during the 1980s, was largely eliminated during the 1990s. The results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics - including trade...... shares and intersectoral linkages - are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of trade policy bias. The GE-ERP measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on agricultural price incentives. A Monte Carlo procedure confirms that the results are robust...

  13. Agricultural risk management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Mogens; Oksen, Arne; Larsen, Torben U.

    2005-01-01

    A new model for risk management in agriculture is described in the paper. The risk model is constructed as a context dependent process, which includes four main phases. The model is aimed at agricultural advisors, who wish to facilitate and disseminate risk management to farmers. It is developed...... and tested by an action research approach in an attempt to make risk management more applicable on family farms. Our obtained experiences indicate that farmers don’t apply probabilistic thinking and other concepts according to formal decision theory....

  14. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include......: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk, and gender roles in agricultural production. Our results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements...

  15. Study on Establishment of Experiment for Undergraduate Major of Applied Chemistry in Agricultural University%农业院校应用化学专业实验课程的设立与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒绪刚; 阎杰; 宋光泉; 蒋旭红

    2011-01-01

    应用化学专业基础实验课程体系的改革与思考以我校应用化学专业为研究对象,整合四大化学的基础实验,提出十项试验技术,探讨了该专业的实验课程体系的建设与教学方式的改革。%On the base of applied chemistry specialty in the university,the construction on its experimental course system was discussed focusing on ten modules,At the same time,the process and method in detail for the reform were also preliminary presented.

  16. Scrapping Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On March 5,in his government report to the annual session of the country's top legislature,the National People's Congress,Premier Wen Jiabao set the goal to reduce the agricultural tax rate by more than one percentage point each year,

  17. Africa, Agriculture, Aid

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuyvenhoven, A.

    2008-01-01

    In a world that is developing fast, Africa¿s relative stagnation is a human tragedy that challenges the development profession. Although climate and geography, and their effect on local institutions, are not in Africa¿s favour, inappropriate policies (including neglect of agriculture) and weak insti

  18. Agriculture. Poultry Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for poultry, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task list.…

  19. African agricultural trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Sandrey, Ron

    2015-01-01

    This article starts with a profile of African agricultural trade. Using the pre-release version 9.2 of the GTAP database, we then show that the results for tariff elimination on intra-African trade are promising, but these tariff barriers are not as significant as the various trade-related barriers...

  20. Nanotechnology in Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview is given of the application of nanotechnology to agriculture. This is an active field of R&D, where a large number of findings and innovations have been reported. For example, in soil management, applications reported include nanofertilizers, soil binders, water retention aids, and nut...

  1. Cohabitation: Humans & Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woodington, W.

    2012-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Cohabitation of humans and agriculture can be used to improve building climate, human health and the state of the world. It affects building design and requires new building components. This manual explains w

  2. Heroes of Agricultural Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weele, van der C.; Keulartz, F.W.J.

    2009-01-01

    New technology has a prominent place in the theory and practice of innovation, but the association between high tech and innovation is not inevitable. In this paper, we discuss six metaphorical heroes of agricultural innovation, starting with the dominant hero of frontier science and technology. At

  3. Agriculture. Poultry Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for poultry, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task list.…

  4. Agriculture. Beef Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for beef livestock, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task…

  5. Teacher Education in Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Dale W.

    1977-01-01

    Urging continued high priority support to preservice and inservice professional development, especially in the area of agricultural education, the author responds to a letter from the Joint Committee on Vocational Education for the State of California indicating the committee's consideration of support reduction for teacher education in vocational…

  6. [Vibration on agricultural tractors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Alessandro; Delvecchio, Simone; Bonomini, Francesco; di Bisceglie, Anita Pasqua; Colosio, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    In the article, details related to the diffusion of agricultural tractors in Italy are given and considerations about the effects of vibration on operators, the sources of vibration and suggestions to reduce them are presented. The acceleration values observed in Italy amongst 244 tractors and levels of worker exposure are shown by means of histograms. The relevant data variability is discussed.

  7. Heroes of Agricultural Innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weele, van der C.; Keulartz, F.W.J.

    2009-01-01

    New technology has a prominent place in the theory and practice of innovation, but the association between high tech and innovation is not inevitable. In this paper, we discuss six metaphorical heroes of agricultural innovation, starting with the dominant hero of frontier science and technology. At

  8. Sustainability through precision agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    As population and standard of living increase in many parts of the world, so will the need for food and other agriculturally-based products. To be sustainable, these increases in production must occur with minimum impact on the environment and with efficient use of production resources, including la...

  9. Teaching Traditional Tropical Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clawson, David L.

    1987-01-01

    Maintains that the teaching of traditional tropical agriculture through the presentation of large numbers of categories or types tends to overemphasize superficial differences at the expense of comprehending the inner essence of life as it exists for the majority of the world's farmers. Offers an alternative approach which claims to foster greater…

  10. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and

  11. USSR Report, Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    evaluation of the phyto- sanitary condition of the fields were not coordinated with the calendar- phenological schedules, some agronomists were unable...During the first year following its introduction, an intensified variation of this agricultural technology enabled the Tambov grain growers to produce

  12. Agricultural nitrate pollution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner

    2015-01-01

    Despite the passing of almost 25 years since the adoption of the EU Nitrates Directive, agricultural nitrate pollution remains a major concern in most EU Member States. This is also the case in Denmark, although a fairly strict regulatory regime has resulted in almost a 50 per cent reduction...

  13. Agricultural lung diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-08-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity and duration of exposure to indoor air toxins. Ongoing research has implicated bacterial endotoxins, fungal spores, and the inherent toxicity of grain dusts as causes of upper and lower airway inflammation and as immunologic agents in both grain and animal production. Animal confinement gases, particularly ammonia and hydrogen sulfide, have been implicated as additional sources of respiratory irritants. It has become evident that a significant percentage of agricultural workers have clinical symptoms associated with long-term exposure to organic dusts and animal confinement gases. Respiratory diseases and syndromes, including hypersensitivity pneumonitis, organic dust toxic syndrome, chronic bronchitis, mucous membrane inflammation syndrome, and asthmalike syndrome, result from ongoing acute and chronic exposures. In this review we focus upon the emerging respiratory health issues in a changing agricultural economic and technologic environment. Environmental and occupational hazards and exposures will be emphasized rather than clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods of prevention, from both engineering controls and personal respiratory perspectives, are also addressed.

  14. Beyond conservation agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giller, K.E.; Andersson, J.A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and s

  15. 兼顾主观审美与客观生境的校园绿地景观优化--以东北农业大学为例%Optimization of Campus Green Space Landscape in the Context of Both Subjective Aesthetic and Objective Habitat--Northeast Agricultural University as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万亿; 金云峰

    2015-01-01

    校园绿地作为高校的形象,具有功能多、标准高、地位重的特点。以东北农业大学校园绿地为对象,运用景观格局指数分析方法和美景度评价方法,从客观与主观两种角度对同一区域校园绿地景观做出评价,提出了建立校园绿化廊道网络系统,营造“三大核心、多小围绕”的斑块结构,强化周边环境生态过程管理等策略,以期为校园绿地中的实践应用提供技术支持和优化参考。%green space as the impression of colleges and universities, has the characteristics which are various functions, high standard and important status. Taking Northeast Agricultural University as an example, from two points of view-subjective and objective, using landscape landscape, then advance strategies that building campus green corridor network system, formation of "three core, many small around" patch structure, and surrounding environment of process management should be considered, to provide technical support and optimization reference for the practical application of campus green space.

  16. On College Students EQ Status in Agricultural Colleges and Universities%高等农业院校大学生情商状况调查与思考——以沈阳农业大学食品学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭洪波; 张凯斌; 杨卉

    2012-01-01

    采用问卷调查方式,对沈阳农业大学食品学院大学生的情商状况进行调查分析发现,当前农业院校大学生情商状况总体上较好,但是仍有相当一部分学生的情商存在很多问题,对此,高等学校应该给予高度关注,做出更大努力。以加强情商知识的普及为基础,有针对性开设情商课程,强化舆论引导;以构建大学生情商教育科学体系为保证,寓情商教育于高等教育整体教学中;以搞好心理咨询为抓手,主动辅导,抓好“共性”和“个性”的结合;以大学生自身努力为关键点,全面培养他们良好的情商素质。%A questionnaire survey about college students" EQ status was carried out in College of Food Sciences of Shenyang Agricultural University. The results show that the EQ of students in agricultural colleges and universities develops well as a whole at present, but many problems still exist for quite a lot of students. In this case, firstly, colleges and universities should pay more attention to students and make greater efforts to direct them with a correct public opinion and offer targeted courses based on the popularization of EQ knowledge; secondly, they should integrate EQ education into their holistic education on the basis of a scientific system for the EQ education; thirdly, they should provide psychological counseling and coaching to students in need and make a good combination of individuality and commonness; fourthly and at last, they should help students develop a high EO with their own efforts.

  17. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally competitive production system in terms of cost and quality. Cooperatives seem to be well positioned to coordinate product differentiation at the farm level and to integrate forward into value added processing activities.. Indian agriculture can be balanced and made efficient through proper and better management practices. The present study brings out past and present scenario of agricultural marketing prevailing in India, its challenges and future recommendations. Moreover the opportunities provide by agricultural marketing should be tapped effectively by the marketers.

  18. Researches on Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organization Promoting Agricultural Insurance Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of cooperative economic organization being the effective carrier of agricultural insurance development are analyzed. Firstly, cooperative economic organization promotes scale management and solves the problem of decentralized operation of small households. Secondly, cooperative economic organization can settle the problem of peasants’ low systematization. Thirdly, cooperative economic organization can largely reduce the costs of agricultural insurance operation. Fourthly, cooperative organization decreases moral risks as well as adverse selection to some extent. Lastly, cooperative organization, to a certain degree, reduces the risks of agricultural production and increases the insurability of agricultural risks. Meanwhile, limitations of agricultural cooperative economic organization being the carrier of agricultural insurance operation are pointed out. Firstly, cooperative economic organization has limited coverage and small size of organization, which is harmful to the diversification of agricultural risks. Secondly, cooperative economic organization lacks capital funds and its development is not standard, which is not perfect for the function exertion as a carrier. Lastly, members of professional cooperative organization have low cultural qualities, which restrict the implementation of agricultural insurance. The modes of farmers’ cooperative economic organization promoting agricultural insurance development are proposed, including mode of agricultural insurance cooperative ( mutual corporation), mode of "leading enterprises (companies) + professional cooperative organization (planting majors) + insurance" and mode of professional cooperatives serving as agricultural insurance agent. Last of all, the promoting role of agricultural insurance in agricultural cooperative economic organization is briefly illustrated.

  19. Environmental assessment of ashes - Course development by the Swedish Geotechnical Institute and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in cooperation; Miljoeriskvaerdering av askor - Kursutveckling av SGI och SLU i samarbete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tiberg, Charlotta; Olsson, Susanna; Thelin, Gunnar; Egnell, Gustav; Haanell, Bjoern

    2008-06-15

    Recently many research projects in the field of ashes from energy production and the possibilities to reuse them have been carried out in Sweden. A lot of material including new guidelines, recommendations et cetera has been published. It is difficult to navigate in this vast amount of information, also for professionals and persons in authority that shall assess the benefit and risks with using ashes in different applications. In this project current knowledge and material that is available in guidelines, handbooks, research, legislation and more have been compiled and is presented in this text book (also including list of references and project assignments.). The course material is intended to: Show possibilities to reuse ashes from energy production in different applications. Inform about ashes environmental and geotechnical properties Inform about available guidelines, reports et cetera. The intention is to use this text book as part of course literature at a university course that aims at raising the level of knowledge about ashes from energy production and support an environmentally friendly use of ashes. The text book can be used for selfstudies, in seminars, courses and so on. This text book is intended for anyone that is interested in environmental assessment, residual products and/or reuse of ashes, for example professionals and persons in authority at municipalities, students, producers of ash, persons that use or want to use residual products et cetera

  20. The rise of Brazilian agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Vink, Nick; Sandrey, Ron

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore some of the possible lessons for South African agriculture from the Brazilian experience. To this end, the article discusses the performance of Brazilian agriculture in terms of land and labour use, production, and exports. This is followed by aspects...... of Brazilian agricultural policies, namely farmer support, the research and technology transfer system and land issues. The implications for South African agriculture can be summarized as the recognition that history, geography, the development path and agricultural policies all matter. The article...... then identifies five important lessons for agricultural development in South Africa....

  1. Energy for agriculture. A computerized information retrieval system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stout, B.A.; Myers, C.A. (comps.)

    1979-12-01

    Energy may come from the sun or the earth or be the product of plant materials or agricultural wastes. Whatever its source, energy is indispensable to our way of life, beginning with the production, processing, and distribution of abundant, high quality food and fiber supplies. This specialized bibliography on the subject of energy for agriculture contains 2613 citations to the literature for 1973 through May 1979. Originally issued by Michigan State University (MSU), it is being reprinted and distributed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The literature citations will be incorporated into AGRICOLA (Agricultural On-Line Access), the comprehensive bibliographic data base maintained by Technical Information Systems (TIS), a component of USDA's Science and Education Administration (SEA). The citations and the listing of research projects will be combined with other relevant references to provide a continuously updated source of information on energy programs in the agricultural field. No abstracts are included.

  2. 农业院校课堂教学方式多样化效果分析%Teaching Effects and Analysis on Diversification of Teaching in Agricultural Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁明辉; 张黎

    2012-01-01

    [Objective ] To find out differences between the diversification teaching method consisting of instruction-based style, inquisition-based style and experience-based style, and the traditional instruction-based style in teaching effects. [Method] By using experimental contrast and questionnaire investigation, through teaching practice, students' evaluation on these two methods were compared. [Result] In many evaluation aspects of satisfaction degree, learning acquisition feel, interest innovation and teaching level recognition, diversification teaching mode were better than traditional single teaching method. Students prefer to exploration and simulation teaching style, which could innovate students' learning interests. [Conclusion] It is necessity for utilizing diversification teaching method in university class.%[目的]了解综合运用讲授-探究-模拟的多样化教学方式与传统的讲授式教学方式在大学课堂教学效果上的差别.[方法]采用实验对照和问卷调查,通过2种教学实践,对比学生对两种教学模式的教学评价.[结果]讲授-探究-模拟的多样化教学模式在教学满意感、学习收获感、兴趣激发和教学水平认可等教学评价方面均好与单一的讲授式教学模式,学生多偏爱于探究式教学和模拟式教学,且多样化教学更能激发学生的学习兴趣.[结论]在大学的课堂教学中综合运用多样化的教学方式是必要的.

  3. Linking good agricultural practices and climate smart agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verhagen, A.; Hengsdijk, H.; Bezlepkina, I.; Groenestein, K.; Klooster, van 't K.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, the concept of Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) was introduced to position agriculture and food security in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation. Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) with the aim to create cleaner and safer production systems and products has been around for a

  4. Advanced Agriculture system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shrinivas R. Zanwar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the advanced system which improves agriculture processes like cultivation on ploughed land, based on robotic platform. We have developed a robotic vehicle having four wheels and steered by DC motor. The advanced autonomous system architecture gives us the opportunity to develop a complete new range of agricultural equipment based on small smart machines. The machine will cultivate the farm by considering particular rows and specific column at fixed distance depending on crop. The obstacle detection problem will also be considered, sensed by infrared sensor. The whole algorithm, calculation, processing, monitoring are designed with motors & sensor interfaced with microcontroller. The result obtained through example activation unit is also presented. The dc motor simulation with feedforward and feedback technique shows precise output. With the help of two examples, a DC motor and a magnetic levitation system, the use of MATLAB and Simulink for modeling, analysis and control is designed.

  5. Talk about the Development of the Reference Room in the New Century ---Take South China Agriculture UniversityAgricultural History Reference Room as an example%试论新世纪院系资料室的发展——以华南农业大学农史资料室为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨柳

    2012-01-01

    院系资料室是院系的专业文献资料信息中心,肩负着为教学和科研服务的双重职责。随着信息技术的发展和应用,院系资料室应在资源建设、管理技术、服务层次等方面应重新定位,加强与校级图书馆的联系,强快数字化信息化建设,逐步把它建设成为一个现代化、专业化的信息中心,更好地为教学和科研服务。%The reference room is the document center of the department, responsible for the service of teaching and scientific research. With the development of information technology, the reference room should be repositioning in the resouree con- struction, management, service level and other aspects, strengthen links with the university library, the construction of strong fast digital information, and gradually developed into a modem, specialized information centers, to provide better service for teaching and research.

  6. How Japanese students reason about agricultural biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maekawa, Fumi; Macer, Darryl

    2004-10-01

    Many have claimed that education of the ethical issues raised by biotechnology is essential in universities, but there is little knowledge of its effectiveness. The focus of this paper is to investigate how university students assess the information given in class to make their own value judgments and decisions relating to issues of agricultural biotechnology, especially over genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Analysis of homework reports related with agricultural biotechnology after identification of key concepts and ideas in each student report is presented. The ideas were sorted into different categories. The ideas were compared with those in the reading materials using the same categories. These categories included: concern about affects on humans, affects on the environment, developing countries and starvation, trust in industry, responsibility of scientists, risk perception, media influence, need for (international) organizations or third parties, and information dissemination. What was consistent through the different years was that more than half of the students took a "neutral" position. A report was scored as "neutral" when the report included both the positive and negative side of an issue, or when the student could not make a definite decision about the use of GMOs and GM food. While it may be more difficult to defend a strong ''for" or "against" position, some students used logical arguments successfully in doing so. Sample comments are presented to depict how Japanese students see agricultural technology, and how they value its application, with comparisons to the general social attitudes towards biotechnology.

  7. Agricultural and urban pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brehmer, M. L.

    1972-01-01

    The degradation produced by the introduction of agricultural and urban wastes into estuarine systems, with emphasis on the Chesapeake Bay area, is discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) effects of sediment loading and (2) organic and nutrient loading problems. The impact of high turbidity on the biological life of the bay is analyzed. The sources of nutrients which produce over-enrichment of the waters and the subsequent production of phytoplankton are examined.

  8. Risk governance in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bachev, Hrabrin

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and assesses the efficiency of major modes for risk governance in agriculture on the base of Bulgarian dairy farming. Firstly, the New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics is incorporated and a framework for analysis of the governance of natural, market, private, and social (institutional) risks presented. Next, the pace and challenges of the dairy farming development during the post-communist transition and EU integration is outlined. Third, major types of risk...

  9. Water pollution by agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Moss, Brian

    2007-01-01

    Agriculture disrupts all freshwater systems hugely from their pristine states. The former reductionist concept of pollution was of examining individual effects of particular substances on individual taxa or sub-communities in freshwater systems, an essentially ecotoxicological concept. It is now less useful than a more holistic approach that treats the impacts on the system as a whole and includes physical impacts such as drainage and physical modification of river channels and modification o...

  10. European Agricultural Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Timothy J.

    1997-01-01

    This bulletin is a supplement to the Europe Team's Situation and Outlook Series and expands upon material traditionally presented as an appendix in the annual Europe Report. This report presents an extensive statistical database on European agriculture. The geographic scope covers most of the countrias of Europe, including the 15 member states of the European Union (Austria. Belgium. Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy. Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, a...

  11. Entomophagy and space agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katayama, N.; Ishikawa, Y.; Takaoki, M.; Yamashita, M.; Nakayama, S.; Kiguchi, K.; Kok, R.; Wada, H.; Mitsuhashi, J.; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.

    Supplying food for human occupants remains one of the primary issues in engineering space habitation Evidently for long-term occupation on a distant planet it is necessary to start agriculture on site Historically humans have consumed a variety of animals and it is required to fill our nutritional need when they live in space Among many candidate group and species of animal to breed in space agriculture insects are of great interest since they have a number of advantages over mammals and other vertebrates or invertebrates About 70-75 of animal species is insects and they play an important role in materials recycle loop of terrestrial biosphere at their various niche For space agriculture we propose several insect species such as the silkworm Bombyx mori the drugstore beetle Stegobium paniceum and the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus Among many advantages these insects do not compete with human in terms of food resources but convert inedible biomass or waste into an edible food source for human The silkworm has been domesticated since 5 000 years ago in China Silk moth has lost capability of flying after its domestication history This feature is advantageous in control of their breeding Silkworm larvae eat specifically mulberry leaves and metamorphose in their cocoon Silk fiber obtained from cocoon can be used to manufacture textile Farming system of the drugstore beetle has been well established Both the drugstore beetle and the termite are capable to convert cellulose or other inedible biomass

  12. Dynamics of Agricultural Groundwater Extraction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hellegers, P.J.G.J.; Zilberman, D.; Ierland, van E.C.

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural shallow groundwater extraction can result in desiccation of neighbouring nature reserves and degradation of groundwater quality in the Netherlands, whereas both externalities are often not considered when agricultural groundwater extraction patterns are being determined. A model is

  13. AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION: FEEDING OURSELVES AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Inequities in the distribution of the green revolution's benefits reflected ... A third and more difficult challenge for future advances in agricultural innovation is that it ... for an accelerated intensification of agriculture and hence economic growth.

  14. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include...

  15. Public Progress, Data Management and the Land Grant Mission: A Survey of Agriculture Researchers' Practices and Attitudes at Two Land-Grant Institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernandez, Peter; Eaker, Christopher; Swauger, Shea; Davis, Miriam L. E. Steiner

    2016-01-01

    This article reports results from a survey about data management practices and attitudes sent to agriculture researchers and extension personnel at the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture (UTIA) and the College of Agricultural Sciences and Warner College of Natural Resources at Colorado State University. Results confirm agriculture…

  16. Strategies To Promote Agricultural Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992

    The purpose of the agricultural literacy effort has been to produce informed citizens able to participate more fully in the establishment of policies that support a highly competitive agricultural industry in this country and abroad. In their article titled, "Position Statement on Agricultural Literacy," Russell, McCracken, and Miller…

  17. Sustainability in the Agricultural sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Forgács

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study will examine the possible ways of integrating sustainability indicators in assessing the performance of agriculture. We are examining the appropriate ways of calculating the output of the sector including the damages caused by and the benefits of agricultural production. The involvment of environmental pressure into the assessment of agricultural performance does not show significant changes in values.

  18. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture......, - environmental impact and nature, - potentials of organic farming, - community, consumer and market, and - policy and financial strategies....

  19. The economics of agricultural subsidies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, R.A.

    1985-01-01

    PART ONE1. Agricultural subsidies have been defined as a government induced change of relative prices of goods, services and factors of production in the agricultural sector. These agricultural price changes may result from a large number of different government measures varying from direct cash tra

  20. DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

    OpenAIRE

    Hellegers, Petra J.G.J.; Zilberman, David; van Ierland, Ekko C.

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural shallow groundwater extraction can result in desiccation of neighbouring nature reserves and degradation of groundwater quality in the Netherlands, whereas both externalities are often not considered when agricultural groundwater extraction patterns are being determined. A model is developed to study socially optimal agricultural shallow groundwater extraction patterns. It shows the importance of stock size to slow down changes in groundwater quality.

  1. Agricultural Productivity and Farm Financing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, F. Vernon

    1975-01-01

    The author, president of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of New Orleans, in remarks to the first general session of the Agricultural Education Division of the American Vocational Association, paints a bright picture of agricultural productivity, financial challenge, and agricultural commitment in the mid-South. (Author/EA)

  2. DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

    OpenAIRE

    Hellegers, Petra J.G.J.; Zilberman, David; van Ierland, Ekko C.

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural shallow groundwater extraction can result in desiccation of neighbouring nature reserves and degradation of groundwater quality in the Netherlands, whereas both externalities are often not considered when agricultural groundwater extraction patterns are being determined. A model is developed to study socially optimal agricultural shallow groundwater extraction patterns. It shows the importance of stock size to slow down changes in groundwater quality.

  3. Changing closed agricultural policy communities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Termeer, C.J.A.M.; Werkman, R.A.

    2011-01-01

    Agricultural policy networks have served as classic examples of closed policy communities facing pressure to open up. However, attempts to change them are slowly moving forward. The dialogues on Common Agricultural Policy reforms in which the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture is engaged with a range of

  4. Crop Protection in Medieval Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zadoks, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    Mediterranean and West European pre-modern agriculture (agriculture before 1600) was by necessity ‘organic agriculture’. Crop protection is part and parcel of this agriculture, with weed control in the forefront. Crop protection is embedded in the medieval agronomy text books but specialised section

  5. Economics, Policy, and Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Jan Holm

    2009-01-01

    Is organic agriculture so special that special social theories and methods are needed? The article investigates the question in two steps: First, the article address the question whether agriculture is special. Second, whether organic agriculture is special. It is concluded that from an economic...

  6. Skill Sheets for Agricultural Machinery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

    This set of 21 skill sheets for agricultural machinery was developed for use in high school and vocational school agricultural mechanics programs. Each sheet covers a single operational procedure for a piece of agricultural machinery, and includes: (1) a diagram, (2) a step-by-step operational procedure, (3) abilities or understandings taught, (4)…

  7. A Farming Revolution: Sustainable Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klinkenborg, Verlyn

    1995-01-01

    Growing realization of the economic, social, and environmental costs of conventional agriculture has led many U.S. farmers to embrace and become advocates for agricultural practices that limit the need for pesticides and chemical fertilizers, decrease soil erosion, and improve soil health. Some hope that sustainable agriculture can promote smaller…

  8. The Optimization of Teaching Content and Methods on “Smart Mobile Devices Programming” in Agricultural Universities%农科院校《智能移动设备程序设计》教学内容与方法优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志艳; 赵汝琪

    2013-01-01

    As a general education and interdisciplinary elective course for the students in agricultural universities, "Smart Mobile Devices Programming" can broaden the students' horizons; improve the comprehensive level of the sense of innovation; and create high-quality talents. In this paper, combined with the needs of actual teaching of the course, the authors developed the new teaching content and methods on "Smart Mobile Devices Programming" in agricultural universities after fully grasp the original teaching mode characteristics, including the integrated practical operation teaching, project-promoted learning, manipulative-ability-based assessment model, et al. Several years' teaching practice showed that the new teaching content and methods have lots of beneficial effects in cultivating students' self-learning, analysis and solution actual problem, and the innovation ability, and improving the learning interest and initiative of students.%  《智能移动设备程序设计》作为一门通识类、交叉学科的选修课程,对开阔农科院校学生的视野,提升综合创新意识水平,打造高素质的复合型人才,有较大的促进作用。文章在充分掌握原有课程教学模式特点的基础上,结合该课程的教学实际,对其教学内容进行了重新优化选择,并在教学方法上从实验操作教学一体化、项目驱动促进学习、动手能力为主的考核模式等方面进行了初步的改革探索。几年来的教学实践表明,通过教学内容和方法的优化,对培养学生的自我学习能力、分析解决实际问题能力、创新能力,提高学生的学习兴趣和主动性有一定的效果。

  9. Relationship Between Different Education and Different Majors and the Entrepreneurial Intention of College Students in Tianjin Agriculture University%农学院不同学历教育和不同专业与大学生创业意愿的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁发辉; 杨静慧; 戴媛; 刘磊; 张振荣; 尹维娜

    2015-01-01

    从了解大学生的创业意愿出发,采用问卷调查的方法,对天津农学院11个专业不同年级的学生进行了调查,结果显示,不同专业中,农环、园艺和动科专业的大学生创业意愿较高,人力和食品专业的大学生创业意愿较低;不同学历教育中,专科生的创业意愿较高,研究生一年级的学生创业意愿较低;影响大学生创业最直接的内在因素是"个人价值的实现",外在因素是"就业前景".因此,应加强大学生正确的人生价值观和大学生实践技能的培养,加强本专业和本学科成功人士成才经历的介绍和不同专业就业规划.%Based on understanding the entrepreneurial intention of college students, the questionnaire survey to more than 1000 students in Tianjin Agricultural University was investigated. The results showed that in different professions, the college students contained agricultural environment, horticulture, and animal science had higher entrepreneurial intention, but humanities and food science was lower; in different grade and education, junior college students had had higher entrepreneurial intention, but the graduate students of grade one was the lowest; the direct inner factors influenced the entrepreneurship of college students was "the realization of personal value", and the external factors was the employment prospects. Therefore, the cultivation of university students ' correct outlook on life and the practical skills should be strengthened, the experience of successful persons should be introduced and different professional employment should be planned.

  10. 开展数学建模活动提升农科院校工科学生就业能力%Implementing Mathematical Modeling Activity to Promote the Employment Ability of Agricultural College and University Students Majoring in Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文敏; 张天会; 付宏才; 商茹; 黄云战

    2011-01-01

    In agricultural colleges and universities, students majoring in engineering have some disadvantages in employment ability, such as bad foundation, narrow knowledge, inadequate practice ability, lack of professional quality, and so on. So they have less employment competitive. Through the practice of mathematical modeling activity, it can be concluded that mathematical modeling activity plays an important role in professional skills and comprehensive quality, such as the enthusiasm to learn professional knowledge, self-study ability, innovative ability, and humane quality. For the humane quality, it can be conductive to the quality for believing in objective facts and pragmatic ability, to the professional spirit of exploration and struggle, to the collaboration ability, to the expression ability. Therefore, implementing mathematical modeling activity can promote the employment ability of agricultural college and university students majoring in engineering.%农科院校工科专业学生在就业方面存在的基础差、知识面窄、实践能力不足、职业素养欠缺等不足,导致其就业竞争力不强.认为数学建模活动有助于培养学生学习专业知识的积极性、培养学生的自学能力和创新能力,而且有助于培养了学生尊重客观事实、求真务实的品质、勇于探索艰苦奋斗的敬业精神、良好的协作精神、提高学生语言能力和文字表达能力等人文素质.积极开展数学建模竞赛活动,既培养学生的专业技能,又培养学生的综合素质,使学生的综合素质及创新能力得到了提高,提高了其就业竞争力.

  11. Universal Usability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horton, Sarah; Leventhal, Laura

    Universal usability of World Wide Web (Web) environments—that is, having 90% of households as successful users—requires universal access, usability, and universal design. Factors such as Web technology and user-centered design contribute to universal access and usability, but key to universal usability is a universal design methodology. Universal design principles for the Web follow from universal design principles for the built environment, and emphasize perceptibility, self-explanation, and tailorability for the user. Universally usable Web environments offer the benefit of expanded participation, as well as the unanticipated benefits that generally follow from innovative design initiatives. However, to achieve Web universal usability, Web designers need tools that facilitate the design of intuitive interfaces without sacrificing universal access.

  12. Agricultural experts’ attitude towards precision agriculture: Evidence from Guilan Agricultural Organization, Northern Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Sadegh Allahyari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Identifying factors that influence the attitudes of agricultural experts regarding precision agriculture plays an important role in developing, promoting and establishing precision agriculture. The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting the attitudes of agricultural experts regarding the implementation of precision agriculture. A descriptive research design was employed as the research method. A research-made questionnaire was used to examine the agricultural experts’ attitude toward precision agriculture. Internal consistency was demonstrated with a coefficient alpha of 0.87, and the content and face validity of the instrument was confirmed by a panel of experts. The results show that technical, economic and accessibility factors accounted for 55% of the changes in attitudes towards precision agriculture. The findings revealed that there were no significant differences between participants in terms of gender, field of study, extension education, age, experience, organizational position and attitudes, while education levels had a significant effect on the respondent’s attitudes.

  13. Barriers to Conducting Supervised Agricultural Experiences as Perceived by Preservice Agricultural Education Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Joey Blackburn

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this descriptive study was to assess preservice agriculture teachers’ perceptions of the importance of Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE and their views on barriers to conducting SAE. A census of the sophomore-level agricultural education course at Oklahoma State University was conducted to measure perceptions at the beginning and end of the course. This study was framed upon Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior. Results indicated that preservice teachers perceived SAE was an important component of agricultural education and important at the secondary school they attended. The greatest barrier to conducting SAE was their lack of familiarity with newer SAE categories. This was true at both the beginning and end of the course. It is recommended that preservice teachers receive instruction on and experiences in all types of SAE. This would increase the likelihood of preservice teachers perceiving they have control over this barrier regarding SAE implementation. This cohort of preservice teachers should be surveyed over time to determine change in their perceptions of barriers to SAE implementation as they progress in the agricultural education program and through their careers. Further, the views of in-service teachers should also be assessed to determine if perceived barriers differ with professional experience.

  14. Agricultural Pilot's Audiological Profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foltz, Lucas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The agricultural airplane pilot are daily exposed to intense noises, being susceptible to the noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL and its auditory and extra auditory effects. Objective: To analyze the audiological profile of this population, verifying the work's influence on its hearing. Method: It was realized a retrospective, individual, observational, and cross-sectional study through the data obtained by means of a questionnaire and audiometric thresholds of 41 agricultural pilots. To the statistical analysis were utilized the chi-square, Spearman, and Wilcoxon tests with significance level of 5%. Results: It was verified that 95,1% of the pilots use PPE ( personal protective equipment during flight and 58,5% have contact with pesticides. More than half of individuals referred to feel auditory and extra auditory symptoms, being the buzz the more frequent (29,1%. It has the occurrence of 29,3% of NIHL suggestive hearing loss and 68,3% of normality, taking this presence of unilateral notch in 24,4% and bilateral notch in 31,7%. It was found correlation statistically significant in the associations between time of service and the average of the acute frequencies in the right ear (p=0038, and in the left ear (p=0,010. It has a statistical tendency in the association between audiometric configuration and contact with pesticides (p=0,088. Conclusion: The hearing loss prevalence in this study was showed high. More than half of the sample has normal audiometric thresholds with notch configuration. Such data lead to the conclusion that the agricultural pilots, even with PPE use, they still suffer with the damages caused by noise, needing best proposals of hearing loss prevention.

  15. Existing Problems and Recommendations for Cultivation of Agricultural Science and Technology Talents in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hongxin; LI; Qunzhen; QU

    2014-01-01

    China is a large agricultural country. Healthy and rapid development of agriculture plays an important role in overall socialist construction of China. To realize sustainable agricultural development,cultivation of agricultural science and technology innovation talents should be strengthened. Through analyzing existing problems in cultivation of agricultural science and technology innovation talents and combining actual situation of China’s agricultural development,this paper came up with pertinent recommendations for strengthening China’s agricultural science and technology talent cultivation,including improving agricultural science and technology innovation talent cultivation system,implementing " government- industry- university- institute" talent cultivation mode,speeding up construction of experimental teaching demonstration center,and applying human resource theories.

  16. Biostimulants in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick eBrown

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Biostimulants, which may be derived from a wide range of natural or synthetic processes, are now widely used in agriculture and yet the mode of action of these materials is not well understood. On the basis of available literature, and based upon the diversity of biostimulant responses highlighted in this focus issue, we hypothesize that biostimulants function by directly interacting with plant signaling cascades or act through stimulation of endophytic and non-endophytic bacteria, yeast and fungi to produce molecules of benefit to the plant. The benefit of the biostimulant is derived from the reduction in assimilates that are diverted to non-productive stress response metabolism.

  17. African agricultural trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Sandrey, Ron

    2015-01-01

    This article starts with a profile of African agricultural trade. Using the pre-release version 9.2 of the GTAP database, we then show that the results for tariff elimination on intra-African trade are promising, but these tariff barriers are not as significant as the various trade-related barriers...... outside of tariffs. Impressive results were forecast by simulating both a 50% reduction in what can be considered traditional non-tariff barriers and a modest 20% reduction in the costs associated with transit time delays at customs, terminals and internal land transportation. Gains from tariff...

  18. Harmonisation of agricultural accounting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Sedláček

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the accounting of the biological assets. There are described two approaches: Czech and international. The International Accounting Standards are emulative of more authentic presentment of economic processes in agricultural activities than Czech accounting legislation. From the comparison the both approaches accrued some differences, which can influent the financial statements of enterprises. The causation of main difference appears an application of fair value, which is prescribed for biological assets in international accounting standards. In international accounting standards is preferred principle of fair and true view, while in Czech accounting is preferred prudence principle.

  19. Measuring agricultural policy bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    2010-01-01

    Measurement is a key issue in the literature on price incentive bias induced by trade policy. We introduce a general equilibrium measure of the relative effective rate of protection, which generalizes earlier protection measures. For our fifteen sample countries, results indicate that the agricul......Measurement is a key issue in the literature on price incentive bias induced by trade policy. We introduce a general equilibrium measure of the relative effective rate of protection, which generalizes earlier protection measures. For our fifteen sample countries, results indicate...... protection measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on relative agricultural price incentives....

  20. 应用型人才专业实践能力培养路线图的构建——以河北农业大学制药工程专业为例%Construction of the educational roadmaps of practical ability for professional students ——The Pharmaceutical Engineering, Hebei Agricultural University as Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孑j、志颖; 司贺龙; 杨学举

    2012-01-01

    Practical ability training for pharmaceutical engineering students has not yet established a mature model in domestic colleges and universities. For education of qualified and adaptive students, the scientific organization and development of professional practice training roadmaps and training programs have been progressing in Hebei Agricultural University. In this paper, the superiority of pharmaceutical industry in Hebei Province, and the background of pharmaceutical engineering education are elaborated. The practical ability training roadmap including basic ty, core competencies and expansional capacity is constructed, main contents of 12 practical abilities such as microbial medicine production capacity, biopharmaceuticals separation capacity, analysis ability etc. in the scientific program are improved, and excellent implementation effects are obtained.%为培养高素质的适应性应用型人才,河北农业大学科学地组织了专业实践能力培养路线图和培养方案制订工作。本文以制药工程专业为例,阐述了河北省医药行业的优势及高校制药工程专业欠成熟的现状,构建了以"基础能力"、"专业核心能力"和"拓展能力"为支撑的实践能力培养路线图,进一步优化了"微生物药物生产能力"、"生物药物分离能力"、"药物分析能力"等12项实践能力的培养方案,获得了较好的实施效果。

  1. Extracurricular Activities Targeted towards Increasing the Number of Engineers Working in the Field of Precision Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Leon Bonde; Stark Olsen, Kent; Ahrenkiel, Linda

    in agriculture and agricultural technology. This article presents the results of an interdisciplinary extracurricular activity for first year engineering students carried out in the Fall 2012 at the University of Southern Denmark. The case was based on practical group-work centered around an agricultural mobile......, and some of them have on their own initiative engaged in subsequent educational activities within precision agriculture....... robot. The activity was called Practical experience from day one and its primary objective was to improve the participants’ practical experience and give them a broader view of technology applied in agriculture. Based on evaluation of the activities it is concluded that working with a small...

  2. Knowledge and Perceptions of Visual Communications Curriculum in Arkansas Secondary Agricultural Classrooms: A Closer Look at Experiential Learning Integrations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennington, Kristin; Calico, Carley; Edgar, Leslie D.; Edgar, Don W.; Johnson, Donald M.

    2015-01-01

    The University of Arkansas developed and integrated visual communications curriculum related to agricultural communications into secondary agricultural programs throughout the state. The curriculum was developed, pilot tested, revised, and implemented by selected secondary agriculture teachers. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate…

  3. Plant Landscape of College Campus Based on Environmental Psychology with Nanjing Agricultural University Weigang Campus as a Case%基于环境心理学的高校植物景观研究--以南京农业大学卫岗校区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢光园; 李鹏宇; 冯倩; 陈慧

    2014-01-01

    Plantlandscape as an important part of the campus landscape can beautify the environm ent,improve m icroclimate around and provide teachers and students w ith the place for learning and com m unication. The stuy surveys Weigang campus landscape of Nanjing Agricultural University w ith post occupancy evaluation (POE)method from the perspective of environm ental psychology, sum m arizes som e problems of campus plantlandscape,and suggests som e solutions, in orderto offer refferences forhum anized campus plantland scape design.%在校园景观中,植物景观除了美化环境、改善小气候之外,还能为师生提供学习、交流的场所。从环境心理学的角度,以使用状况评价(Post Occupancy Evaluation)方法对南京农业大学卫岗校区景观进行调查,总结该校园植物景观的问题,并提出了几点建议,以期为人性化校园植物景观设计提供依据。

  4. Students’Demand and Usage Intention on Mobile Information Services of College Library---A Case of Agricultural University of Hebei%基于大学生的高校图书馆移动信息服务需求与使用意愿探析--以河北农业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柴浩军

    2014-01-01

    Based on a random sampling survey of students in library of Agricultural University of Hebei, students’demand and usage intention on mobile information services were analyzed from four aspects, including the possession and usage of mobile terminals, the demand on mobile internet, the cognition degree of mobile information services provided by library and the usage intention on mobile information services of library. Aiming at the findings, suggestions to promote long-term development of mobile information services of library were proposed.%文章对河北农业大学图书馆到馆大学生进行随机抽样调查,从大学生移动终端的拥有及使用、移动上网需求、对图书馆移动信息服务的认知度以及对图书馆移动信息服务使用意愿四个方面探析在校大学生移动信息服务的需求与使用意愿,并针对其需求与使用意愿提出促进高校图书馆移动信息服务长效发展的建议和措施。

  5. 河北高校毕业生就业指导队伍专业化建设的思考——以河北农业大学为例%Thought of the specialized construction of Hebei college graduates' career guidance team --In Agricultural University of Hebei as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国磊; 夏鑫; 翟广运

    2012-01-01

    在当前严峻的就业形势下,加强就业指导队伍专业化建设是做好高校毕业生就业工作的前提与关键。通过深入分析河北高校毕业生就业指导队伍的现状、存在问题,以河北农业大学为例,就进一步加强这支队伍的专业化建设,进行了积极探索,提出“围绕一个中心,强化两个转变,抓实三个重点”的可持续性发展思路,希望能真正实现高校就业指导队伍建设的“专业化、专家化、职业化”。%Enhancement of the specialized construction is the premise and key to the improvement of college graduates' career guidance. With deep analysis of the status and issues of Hebei college graduates' career guidance team, this paper positively explores the way of enhancing the speciali- zation and professionalization in its construction in Agricultural University of Hebei as an exam- ple to realize the sustainable development.

  6. 农林院校旅游管理专业教育国际化发展存在的问题及应对措施%Problems and Countermeasures in the Process of Internationalization of Tourism Management Major in Agriculture and Forestry Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭剑英; 沈苏彦; 是丽娜; 颜麒

    2012-01-01

    Internationalization of higher education has become an important symbol of the transformation. The internationalization of tourism management department in colleges and universities of agriculture and forestry is restricted by many factors, such as the overall education environment, international atmosphere, students' cognition andteaching ideas. In order to solve these problems during the internationalization of tourism management major, there are some countermeasures, such as taking the internationalized education idea, setting up international courses,building international education atmosphere, strengthening the construction of international education system.%国际化已经成为高等教育转型的重要标志。农林院校旅游管理专业教育国际化发展受所处地域环境、国际化氛围、办学水平、学生认知等因素的制约,存在办学理念淡薄、定位不明确和体制建设不完善等问题。必须采取树立国际化办学理念、开设国际化课程、营造国际化教育氛围、加强国际化体制建设等应对措施。

  7. Discussion on Undergraduate Commonweal Organization's Development Dilemma and Breakthrough Ways:Taking Qingdao Agricultural University's "Rainbow Book House" Organization as an Example%论大学生公益组织的发展困境及突破方式--以青岛农业大学“虹书屋”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾光辉

    2015-01-01

    This article takes Qingdao Agricultural University's"Rainbow Book House" as an example by a microcosmic per-spective, analyzes the organization's development dilemma, and finds out the problems, such as lack of system, organization members' lack of commonweal accomplishment, lack of fund and so on. For this, undergraduate commonweal organization can ac-complish the breakthrough by means of perfecting system, en-hancing professional training, self-expression financing and seeking for all forces' support.%通过微观视角对青岛农业大学“虹书屋”组织发展困境进行剖析发现,大学生公益组织存在制度缺失、组织成员公益素养不足、资金匮乏、社会多方主体缺位等问题。对此,可以通过完善制度、加强专业培训、自我营销筹资、寻求多方扶持等方式实现突破。

  8. Importance of TCM Mindset Cultivation in the Education of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica Specialty at Agricultural and Forestry Universities%中医思维培养在农林院校中药专业教育中的重要性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史红专; 朱再标; 刘丽; 郭巧生; 王长林

    2014-01-01

    侧重于中药材生产的中药学相关专业的中医药基础课程培养目标和要求不同于传统中药学专业。本文从农林院校中药专业的教学目的、学生的生源、课程设置等角度着手,结合当前的教育体制和中医药学科特点,提出对农林院校中药专业学生进行中医思维培养的重要性。%The objective and request of course in Basis of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)of Chinese materia medica relevant specialty which place emphasis on medicinal materials production differ from those of traditional Chinese materia medica specialty.In this review,we point out that it is of great importance for the students of Chinese materia medica specialty in agricultural and forestry universities to cultivate the TCM mindset,in the perspectives of teaching objectives,source of students,curriculum,and the present education system as well as the discipline characteristic of TCM.

  9. 英语专业学生阅读焦虑、阅读策略的效率研究——以江西农大南昌商学院为例%Efficiency Study on Reading Anxiety and Reading Strategy of English Major Students——Take Nanchang Business College of Jiangxi Agricultural University for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文英

    2012-01-01

    利用英语阅读焦虑量表,英语阅读策略量表和阅读测试卷,对江西农业大学南昌商学院126名英语专来二年级学生进行测试,并就英语阅读策略、阅读焦虑和阅读成绩三者之间的相关性进行了调查和分析。结果表明:焦虑的高低与成绩的高低呈负相关关系,策略的高低与成绩的高低呈正相关关系。%Use English reading anxiety scale, English reading strategy scale and reading test roll, 126 English major sopho mores come from Nanchang Business College of Jiangxi Agricultural University were tested, According to the investigation and analysis the relationship between the English reading strategies, reading anxiety and reading scores. The results show that the level of anxiety and the level of achievement are negatively correlated, the level of policy and the level of achie vement are positively correlated.

  10. Beyond conservation agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giller, Ken E.; Andersson, Jens A.; Corbeels, Marc; Kirkegaard, John; Mortensen, David; Erenstein, Olaf; Vanlauwe, Bernard

    2015-01-01

    Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA) as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance), soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings, and soil and water conservation led to widespread adoption of CA, particularly on large farms in the Americas and Australia, where farmers harness the tools of modern science: highly-sophisticated machines, potent agrochemicals, and biotechnology. Over the past 10 years CA has been promoted among smallholder farmers in the (sub-) tropics, often with disappointing results. Growing evidence challenges the claims that CA increases crop yields and builds-up soil carbon although increased stability of crop yields in dry climates is evident. Our analyses suggest pragmatic adoption on larger mechanized farms, and limited uptake of CA by smallholder farmers in developing countries. We propose a rigorous, context-sensitive approach based on Systems Agronomy to analyze and explore sustainable intensification options, including the potential of CA. There is an urgent need to move beyond dogma and prescriptive approaches to provide soil and crop management options for farmers to enable the Sustainable Intensification of agriculture. PMID:26579139

  11. COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atănăsoaie George Sebastian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Farms of CSA types are a viable alternative to trade of agricultural products coming from conventional agriculture. These farms are faced with a number of policy issues related to product, price, distribution and promotion. In order to elucidate the issues listed above, we have investigated the literature of specialty. Farmers must make more flexible the content of basket both quantitatively and in terms of the nature of food products offered. Consumers need information on ways of preparation or preservation of products. The growth of the processing degree in farm, and inclusion in the offer of services in ecotourism represent effective options to satisfy consumers. To offset the negative impact of high prices measures should be taken in reducing costs, more flexibility in rescheduling of payments due from customers and compensate for the lack of financial resources with the provision of farm work or subsidize a portion of the basket value from private or government sources. Delivery of baskets should be both at fixed points and at customers domicile. Farmers must provide customers the possibility so that they could harvest themselves the products they will buy. Negative influence of prices will be reduced by establishing an effective communication policy with the market, by organizing events on the farm or nearby towns, through blogs and social networks, and through participation in fairs and exhibitions. A greater customer involvement in farming activities will lead to the implementation of an effective marketing mix.

  12. Beyond Conservation Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken E Giller

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Global support for Conservation Agriculture (CA as a pathway to Sustainable Intensification is strong. CA revolves around three principles: no-till (or minimal soil disturbance, soil cover, and crop rotation. The benefits arising from the ease of crop management, energy/cost/time savings and soil and water conservation led to widespread adoption of CA, particularly on large farms in the Americas and Australia, where farmers harness the tools of modern science: highly-sophisticated machines, potent agrochemicals and biotechnology. Over the past ten years CA has been promoted among smallholder farmers in the (sub- tropics, often with disappointing results. Growing evidence challenges the claims that CA increases crop yields and builds-up soil carbon although increased stability of crop yields in dry climates is evident. Our analyses suggest pragmatic adoption on larger mechanized farms, and limited uptake of CA by smallholder farmers in developing countries. We propose a rigorous, context-sensitive approach based on Systems Agronomy to analyze and explore sustainable intensification options, including the potential of CA. There is an urgent need to move beyond dogma and prescriptive approaches to provide soil and crop management options for farmers to enable the Sustainable Intensification of agriculture.

  13. AGRICULTURE DISEASE MITIGATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sion Hannuna

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Around 52% of the population of India rely on farming for their livelihood which accounts for 17% of India’s GDP. Whilst most farmers are familiar with conventional farming practices, they are often ill positioned to promptly deal with diseases and plant infestations affecting their crops. Current advisory systems tend to be generic and are not tailored to specific plots or farms. This work comprises an agriculture advisory call center similar to a modern call center to provide an agriculture disease mitigation system. The information regarding an individual farm is collected using mobile phones. The image of diseased/infected crop is also captured using mobile phones and is made available to the expert to provide the advisory. To scale the advisory, an attempt is also made to automate the disease recognition process using image processing. Unfortunately, the photos taken will be sensitive to a number of factors including camera type and lighting incident on the scene. Ideally, the images would be processed in such a way as to provide the expert with a visual representation of the affected crops that reflects the true nature of the scene. We describe a framework for standardising the colour of plant images taken using both mobile phones and compact cameras within the context of the advisory system.

  14. TEACHING OF THE LANGUAGE FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES FOR AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubomira Moravcova

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available We deal in this paper with teaching foreign languages for specific purposes LSP the future agricultural graduates, which plays a major role at the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra as part of its language education system. Besides specialized terms and definitions, it also covers mastering the specific functional style of a given foreign language. Graduates from this university have shown their competence in various agricultural fields of study, as well as foreign language use in professional placement abroad. To be good at one s specialization means to follow the latest news and the newest forms of research constantly, to read professional magazines proficiently, to be able to write scientific papers and present them in public, and to be ready to lead international teams in various agricultural projects. Our paper deals with the research we have provided at the Department of Languages. The goal of research was the four year monitoring of the group of 156 students of the Slovak Agricultural University in Nitra who were supposed, within their language UNIcert, level III C1 exam, to write their projects on varied specific topics of their own choices, to prepare and perform their presentations in the English or German languages, as well as evaluation of their results. The mentioned research was carried out in the years 2007 2010. The students were, through this exam, verified their complex skills in creating their own texts as well as their ability to present them in public.

  15. Emerging Agricultural Biotechnologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Jennifer A; Gipmans, Martijn; Hurst, Susan; Layton, Raymond; Nehra, Narender; Pickett, John; Shah, Dilip M; Souza, Thiago Lívio P O; Tripathi, Leena

    2016-01-20

    As global populations continue to increase, agricultural productivity will be challenged to keep pace without overtaxing important environmental resources. A dynamic and integrated approach will be required to solve global food insecurity and position agriculture on a trajectory toward sustainability. Genetically modified (GM) crops enhanced through modern biotechnology represent an important set of tools that can promote sustainable agriculture and improve food security. Several emerging biotechnology approaches were discussed in a recent symposium organized at the 13th IUPAC International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry meeting in San Francisco, CA, USA. This paper summarizes the innovative research and several of the new and emerging technologies within the field of agricultural biotechnology that were presented during the symposium. This discussion highlights how agricultural biotechnology fits within the context of sustainable agriculture and improved food security and can be used in support of further development and adoption of beneficial GM crops.

  16. DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR FROM MOLDOVA THROUGH AGRICULTURE LOANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliona SARGO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial institutions present on the market become more attentive when they have to give loans to the agriculture sector. The lack of necessary guarantees the low profit registered in agricultural district, economy instability and other things had and continue to have a negative impact on the evolution of agricultural sector, this being seen as one with a high level of risk. Commercial banks use less own funds for lending to agriculture and especially when the loans are guaranteed from various funds, programs or foreign donor agencies. Farmers find it difficult to bank loans because of collateral amount required is too high. However, commercial banks in Moldova provide agricultural loans, thus increasing the economic efficiency of agriculture.

  17. 高校与科研院所合作教育培养人才的成效及启示--以南京农业大学与中国水产科学研究院联合培养研究生为例%Cooperative Education between Universities and Research Institutes:Taking the Cooperative Postgraduate Program of Nanjing Agricultural University and Chinese Academy of Fishery Science as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋高中; 徐跑; 侯喜林; 张显良

    2016-01-01

    Taking the cooperative postgraduate program of Nanjing Agricultural University and Chinese Acad⁃emy of Fishery Science as an example, the achievement of the program was analyzed in the aspects of talent training, the promotion of scientific research strength and social impact, the innovation ofcooperation mode, the improvement of internationalization and so on.The experience and enlightenment drawn from this successful pro⁃gram were summarized from the perspectives of innovation, resources advantages, and personal moral and ethical education. The research result can provide reference for the establishment of high level innovation talents cultiva⁃tion.%基于南京农业大学与中国水产科学研究院联合培养研究生的典型案例分析,从合作双方人才培养、科研实力和社会影响力的提升、合作模式的创新、国际化进程的推进等方面,对高校与科研院所合作教育所取得的成效进行了全面剖析,并从突出创新、优势、立德树人等三方面阐述了取得合作成效的基本经验及启示。研究结果可为构建高层次创新型人才培养模式提供一定的参考与借鉴。

  18. Differential Availability and Utilization of Agricultural Publications (Haringhata Study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, P. K.

    1979-01-01

    A study of rural Indian villages was undertaken to determine the availability of agricultural publications and the extent of use by farmers. Low utilization was related to illiteracy, inaccessibility of villages, and lack of government and university extension activity. Recommendations included increasing the publication and distribution of farm…

  19. Educational and Training Opportunities in Sustainable Agriculture. 7th Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Jane Potter

    This directory contains information about institutions and organizations involved in organic, alternative, or sustainable agriculture, and its focus is on education, training, and provision of information. The directory contains program and contact information for 122 institutions, associations, centers, universities, and foundations; and 4…

  20. Educational and Training Opportunities in Sustainable Agriculture. 5th Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Jane Potter

    This directory lists 151 programs in alternative farming systems (systems that aim at maintaining agricultural productivity and profitability, while protecting natural resources, especially sustainable, low-input, regenerative, biodynamic or organic farming and gardening). It includes programs conducted by colleges and universities, research…

  1. Agricultural nitrate pollution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner

    2015-01-01

    Despite the passing of almost 25 years since the adoption of the EU Nitrates Directive, agricultural nitrate pollution remains a major concern in most EU Member States. This is also the case in Denmark, although a fairly strict regulatory regime has resulted in almost a 50 per cent reduction...... in nitrogen leaching since the mid-80s. Nevertheless, further effort is needed, particularly in ecologically sensitive areas. This article discusses different regulatory approaches – and in particular the need for a differentiated nitrate regulation tailored to meet site-specific ecological demands – from...... of the mandatory specification standards of the Nitrates Directive combined with additional instruments to address the need for severe restrictions on fertiliser use or cultivation practices in the most ecologically vulnerable areas....

  2. Comparing Pathways to Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorian Q Fuller

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The transition from foraging systems to agricultural dependence is a persistent focus of archaeological research, and the focus of a major research project supported by the European Research Council (ERC grant no. 323842, ’ComPAg’. Gordon Childe, director of the Institute of Archaeology 1947–1957, influentially defined the Neolithic revolution as that which instigated a series of changes in human societies towards sedentism (settling in one place, larger populations, food production based on domesticated plants and animals, transformed cosmologies and the dawn of new malleable technologies such as ceramics and textiles (Childe 1936.

  3. Urban agriculture in Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloysius Clemence Mosha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Botswana, a middle-income country, is experiencing a sluggish economic growth and a rapid urbanisation which has brought in its wake high unemployment, poverty and food insecurity. This has led some people to engage in subsistence and commercial urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA to address these problems. However, in spite of its known advantages, uptake of UPA has been low for a number of reasons including: high GDP before the economic meltdown of recent years; a harsh climate; lack of water; poor access to land; and over-reliance on generous government handouts. Nevertheless, the extent of its practice and its contribution to food security – albeit modest – shows that it is a sector that needs to be encouraged and supported. Both central and local government can play a big role by providing land and infrastructure, and also by implementing an enabling policy and regulatory environment which promotes small- and medium-scale urban food production.

  4. Human Resource Diversity Management in Selected Czech Agricultural Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Urbancová

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to evaluate human resource Diversity Management in agricultural companies in the Czech Republic and to prepare a set of recommendations for the companies in this area. The primary data for the study was obtained by the use of questionnaires designed for quantitative analysis (n = 549, n agriculture = 108. The results indicate that the use of Diversity Management on Czech companies is relatively low (36.1%; n a = 108. But in view of the employment situation in the agricultural sector, as well as the characteristics of the workforce engaged in agriculture, it would appear that Diversity Management will become an important feature of company management in the not so distant future. This contribution is a follow-up to the project of University – wide internal grant agency (CIGA, number 20141002 - Human resource branding using of the new strategic trends in organizations in the Czech Republic.

  5. "Something good can grow here": chicago urban agriculture food projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatchett, Lena; Brown, Loretta; Hopkins, Joan; Larsen, Kelly; Fournier, Eliza

    2015-01-01

    Food security is a challenge facing many African-American low-income communities nationally. Community and university partners have established urban agriculture programs to improve access to high quality affordable fruits and vegetables by growing, distributing, and selling food in urban neighborhoods. While the challenge of food security is within communities of color, few studies have described these urban agriculture programs and documented their impact on the crew members who work in the programs and live in the low-income communities. More information is needed on the program impact for crew and community health promotion. Using a survey and focus group discussion from the crew and staff we describe the program and activities of four Chicago Urban Agriculture programs. We summarized the impact these programs have on crew members' perception of urban agriculture, health habits, community engagement, and community health promotion in low-income African-American neighborhoods.

  6. Green Agriculture - features and agricultural policy measures for the transition to a sustainable agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities in each country or area, as it is in close correlation with all other the other economic activities, in a whole which must be structured so as to achieve a more efficient planning and organization of the territory. The practice of a traditional agriculture, based on industrialization, affects the natural environment through emissions of pollutants, waste and deforestation which together affects biodiversity. Green Agriculture suppose to empower managers to widespread the use of fertilizers, to improve the crop rotation, to realize a more efficient water consumption, to improve the storage methods and the supply chain of products. Agricultural policies are closely interrelated with environmental policies as agricultural activities have a considerable influence on the environment. The efficiency of agricultural policies is reflected in monetary transfers between agriculture and other economic sectors, in the costs due to the reallocation of the resources between different agricultural and non-agricultural activities and in the realized gains. Currently there is a constant concern of the governments for the transition to a green agriculture, and most countries recognize the importance of achieving sustainable economic development.

  7. Wellbeing of Beneficiaries of the University Based Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    E M IGBOKWE

    and enhanced production skill ( =1.53) were benefits derived by ADP beneficiaries .... the wellbeing of its recipients, reduce poverty, improve health, increase food ... food crops and tree crops like cocoa, oil palm, kola nut, walnut and citrus.

  8. The Neoliberal University and Agricultural Biotechnology: Reports from the Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peekhaus, Wilhelm

    2010-01-01

    Following in the footsteps of a variety of previous research that elaborates on the current state of affairs in academia, this article sets out the argument that neoliberalism and its corresponding iterations of science and technology and research funding policies in this country have implications for the types of knowledge that can be generated…

  9. 178 Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2014-03-05

    Mar 5, 2014 ... The study therefore calls for the involvement of both private and public organization in ... supply, sanitation and sewerage, (b) public works such as road and major ... network can stimulate new investment in various sectors.

  10. Linking nutrition-health-agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural production is intimately linked with health and nutrition as a form of income, a source of food, and a cause of disease. Citing a variety of previous studies, this presentation demonstrates the complexity of the relationships among agriculture and food consumption, food safety, infection, and stunting. The authors demonstrate that increasing agricultural production does not necessarily result in improved nutrition: Although more food may be available, this greater yield may suppl...

  11. The Treatment Scheme for the Reclamation of Mixed Organic Wastes-Taking Anhui Agricultural University as an example%混合有机废弃物资源化处理方案设计--以安徽农业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马欢; 鲍恩财; 刘伟伟

    2014-01-01

    为实现混合有机废弃物的资源化处理与综合利用,以安徽农业大学为例,对该校各学生食堂产生的餐厨废弃物及农业园温室生产有机废弃物等为原料,以沼气工程厌氧发酵技术为核心,将混合有机废弃物转化为清洁可再生能源及高品质有机肥原料;方案设计日处理量3t,需建设全混式厌氧反应器(CSTR)225m3;可实现年处理混合有机废弃物约800t,年产沼气约4.8万m3,沼渣、沼液有机肥原料约400t;所产沼气用于厌氧工程加热、保温,沼液沼渣用作农业园温室生产有机肥料;本方案的实施可改善校园环境,形成生态、环保的校园氛围,建立循环农业基本模式。%For the purpose of reclaim and comprehensively utilizing mixed organic wastes, this re-search, taking Anhui Agricultural University as an example, converts mixed organic wastes into clean re-newable energy and high-quality organic fertilizers using the organic wastes produced in school canteens and greenhouses as the raw materials, and anaerobic fermentation technology for biogas plants as the core. The project needs a CSTR-typed reactor 225m3 with a daily treatment capacity of 3t and 800t organic wastes per year, which can produce 48,000m3 biogas a year and 400t biogas residue and biogas slurry. The biogas can be applied to heating and thermal insulation for anaerobic projects; moreover, biogas slurry and biogas residue can be used as organic fertilizers in greenhouses. The implementation of the project can help improve campus environment, form an ecology and environment friendly atmosphere and establish a basic mode of recycling agriculture.

  12. Research achievements in Bangladesh agriculture using nuclear techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sattar, M.A. [Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture, Mymensingh, (Bangladesh)

    1997-10-01

    Application of isotope and radiation techniques in Bangladesh agriculture has been initiated in 1961 with the establishment of Atomic Energy Agricultural Research Centre, Dhaka under the then Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission. The activity of the centre was strengthened and upgraded to the level of an institute as a constituent organization of Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission in 1972. It was further reorganized, made an autonomous research organization under the Ministry of Agriculture in 1982 and renamed as Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture. The other organizations involved in nuclear agricultural research are Institute of Food and Radiation Biology and Bangladesh Agricultural University. A number of technologies have been developed using nuclear techniques that imparted on agricultural development. Sixteen new crops were developed using physical (200-700 Gy gamma rays) and chemical mutagen (NaN{sub 3}). Soil fertility and plant nutrition technologies were developed using both stable and radio isotopes. The improved feeding strategies and utilization of locally available low quality feed material (rice straw) were determined using {sup 51}Cr-EDTA and {sup 125}I in order to have better livestock growth and reproduction ability. Several constraints related to nuclear research were identified. Increased government commitment and international cooperation are of the utmost importance for effective utilization of the benefits of nuclear technology and to face the increasing demand for food for the ever increasing population in years to come 32 refs., 1 tab.

  13. AGRICULTURAL TAX SYSTEM IN POLAND AND DIRECTIONS OF THE CHANGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzena Malewska

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A research problem taken in the article is a question, whether legal solutions applied in the Polish system of the taxation of agriculture have an appropriate shape and whether this system is optimal? If not, what are possible options of changes and whether the in-come tax is good for agricultural activities. A method of analysis of secondary sources was used in order to solve the research problem. Required data was taken from the base of the Główny Urząd Statystyczny and scientific publications of the publishing universi-ty. In the article were formulated the following hypotheses: 1.\tThe system of the taxation of agriculture is different than other existing Polish law and it is regarded as unfair in relation to other social groups. 2.\tChanging the tax system in agriculture is necessary and would lead to positive chang-es in the structure of agriculture. 3.\tThe reform of the taxation system of agricultural production is in many aspects neces-sary and beneficial, but it should nevertheless take into account the specificities of the agricultural activity. 4.\tThe introduction of the income tax has its bad side and carries the disadvantages for both farmers and municipalities.

  14. USSR Report Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    reserves for public food service and childrens institutions, in exchange for buckwheat and millet sold above the plan. This would also be a stimulus to...movement of amateur beekeepers ’ apiaries and hives is organized. There should be 2-3 hives. Delays in this movement lead to shortfalls of 3-5 kg of...of the modern creative breeding process. Of course the corresponding higher educational institution or university will train the phytopathologist, the

  15. Precision agriculture and food security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebbers, Robin; Adamchuk, Viacheslav I

    2010-02-12

    Precision agriculture comprises a set of technologies that combines sensors, information systems, enhanced machinery, and informed management to optimize production by accounting for variability and uncertainties within agricultural systems. Adapting production inputs site-specifically within a field and individually for each animal allows better use of resources to maintain the quality of the environment while improving the sustainability of the food supply. Precision agriculture provides a means to monitor the food production chain and manage both the quantity and quality of agricultural produce.

  16. Agriculture: Natural Events and Disasters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natural Events and DiasastersInformation on Natural Events and Disasters. Every year natural disasters, such as hurricanes, floods, fires, earthquakes, and tornadoes, challenge agricultural production.

  17. Determinants of agricultural holdings sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wioletta Wrzaszcz

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policy in the European Union, at the Community level, as well as Member Countries, increasingly emphasize the issue of sustainable development of agriculture. This is a response to the multiplying threats to the environment. Referring to this problem, it was justified to estimate the level of agricultural holdings sustainability (on the basis of FADN data and recognize its determinants. There was applied multidimensional statistical analysis and logistic regression. The research indicated that identification of environmentally friendly agriculture with low profit production is ungrounded.

  18. Risk Modelling of Agricultural Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugrahani, E. H.

    2017-03-01

    In the real world market, agricultural commodity are imposed with fluctuating prices. This means that the price of agricultural products are relatively volatile, which means that agricultural business is a quite risky business for farmers. This paper presents some mathematical models to model such risks in the form of its volatility, based on certain assumptions. The proposed models are time varying volatility model, as well as time varying volatility with mean reversion and with seasonal mean equation models. Implementation on empirical data show that agricultural products are indeed risky.

  19. Fractal universe

    CERN Document Server

    Khokhlov, D L

    1999-01-01

    The model of the universe is considered in which background of the universe is not defined by the matter but is a priori specified as a homogenous and isotropic flat space. The scale factor of the universe follows the linear law. The scale of mass changes proportional to the scale factor. This leads to that the universe has the fractal structure with a power index of 2.

  20. Assessment of Groups Influence on Management Style as Related to University Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irtwange, S. V.; Orsaah, S.

    2010-01-01

    The study was undertaken with the objective of assessing groups influence on management style as related to University governance with University of Agriculture, Makurdi as a case study from academic staff perspective. The management style of the Vice Chancellor of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi between the period September 3, 1996 to…

  1. Assessment of Groups Influence on Management Style as Related to University Governance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irtwange, S. V.; Orsaah, S.

    2010-01-01

    The study was undertaken with the objective of assessing groups influence on management style as related to University governance with University of Agriculture, Makurdi as a case study from academic staff perspective. The management style of the Vice Chancellor of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi between the period September 3, 1996 to…

  2. 78 FR 14071 - Notice of Appointment of Members to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... research in the food and agricultural sciences, food retailing and marketing, rural economic development... Retailing and Marketing Interests,'' Nancy Childs, Professor of Food Marketing, Saint Joseph's University... Board, including farming or ranching, food production and processing, forestry research, crop and...

  3. Practice and Reflection on Interactive Three-Dimensional Teaching System in Agricultural and Forestry Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Zhimin

    2013-01-01

    Ever since the new curriculum was implemented, Sichuan Agricultural University that is characterized by agricultural science has conducted ideological and political teaching reform, explored a basic route to integrate scientific outlook on development into theoretical teaching and initially formed a human-oriented interactive three-dimensional…

  4. Creating Agricultural Communication Centers for Training, Research, and Information Services. Report Number 6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, William B.

    Several of the new agricultural universities in India have identified a special need to improve their communication capabilities through the better use of the mass media and other channels to narrow the communication gap between agricultural scientists, educators, and farmers. This paper discusses the basic concept, goals, administration,…

  5. Study of Characteristics, Attitudes and Opinions of the Students in the College of Agriculture in Sudan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bannaga, Ali Mohayad

    In examining characteristics, attitudes, and opinions of the students in the College of Agriculture, University of Khartoum, in the Sudan, this study focused on eight independent variables: years in the College of Agriculture, location of permanent home, size of home town, length of hostel living experience, father's occupation, number of living…

  6. Information Use by PhD Students in Agriculture and Biology: A Dissertation Citation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuruppu, Pali U.; Moore, Debra C.

    2008-01-01

    This article reports the findings of a study conducted to examine the types of information used by graduate students in the fields of biological and agricultural sciences at Iowa State University (ISU). The citations of doctoral dissertations submitted in nine agriculture and biological science subject fields (crop production and physiology;…

  7. As Land-Grant Law Turns 150, Students Crowd into Agriculture Colleges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biemiller, Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    On July 2, 1862, Abraham Lincoln signed Justin Morrill's second agriculture-school bill into law. Along with another measure he championed, in 1890, it created a system of land-grant colleges that rooted agriculture firmly in university research and helped democratize American higher education, creating institutions not for the sons and daughters…

  8. Nanotechnology in agriculture: prospects and constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhopadhyay SS

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Siddhartha S Mukhopadhyay Electron Microscopy and Nanoscience Laboratory, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India Abstract: Attempts to apply nanotechnology in agriculture began with the growing realization that conventional farming technologies would neither be able to increase productivity any further nor restore ecosystems damaged by existing technologies back to their pristine state; in particular because the long-term effects of farming with “miracle seeds”, in conjunction with irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides, have been questioned both at the scientific and policy levels, and must be gradually phased out. Nanotechnology in agriculture has gained momentum in the last decade with an abundance of public funding, but the pace of development is modest, even though many disciplines come under the umbrella of agriculture. This could be attributed to: a unique nature of farm production, which functions as an open system whereby energy and matter are exchanged freely; the scale of demand of input materials always being gigantic in contrast with industrial nanoproducts; an absence of control over the input nanomaterials in contrast with industrial nanoproducts (eg, the cell phone and because their fate has to be conceived on the geosphere (pedosphere-biosphere-hydrosphere-atmosphere continuum; the time lag of emerging technologies reaching the farmers' field, especially given that many emerging economies are unwilling to spend on innovation; and the lack of foresight resulting from agricultural education not having attracted a sufficient number of brilliant minds the world over, while personnel from kindred disciplines might lack an understanding of agricultural production systems. If these issues are taken care of, nanotechnologic intervention in farming has bright prospects for improving the efficiency of nutrient use through nanoformulations of fertilizers, breaking yield barriers through bionanotechnology, surveillance and

  9. Policy and tecnological constraints to implementation of greenhouse gas mitigation options in agriculture

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Smith, P

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA k CSIR Division of Water, Environment and Forest Technology, South Africa l All-Russian Institute of Agricultural Meteorology, Obninsk, Kaluga Region 249020, Russia m CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, GPO Box 284..., Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia n College of Resources & Environment Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, PR China o Pryanishnikov All-Russian Institute of Agrochemistry (VNIIA), 127550 Moscow, Russia p Departments of Geosciences...

  10. University Internationalization and University Autonomy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2016-01-01

    Turcan and Gulieva deepen our theoretical understanding of the process of university internationalisation by exploring the relationship between university internationalisation and university autonomy. They conjecture that the process of university internationalisation and its sustainability are d......, dissimilar, and sometimes conflicting dimensions of the financial, legal, organisational, staffing, and academic autonomy of the host country, are compromising key aspects of their own autonomy and core mission?...

  11. Capital loss in China's agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Peng

    2004-01-01

    China's agriculture has contributed a lot to industrialization but it has suffered a long-run and severe capital loss.This paper provides an estimation model of capital loss in agriculture and gives some explanation in marginal approach.With an eye to a balanced and sustainable economy development, it is high time for government to do something for it.

  12. Organic agriculture in North Carolina

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wossink, G.A.A.; Kuminoff, N.

    2002-01-01

    This issue of the NC State Economist provides an overview of organic agriculture with an emphasis on North Carolina. Research results are reported and some of the new policies and programs that may affect organic agriculture in the near future are described

  13. Sustainable intensification in African agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Pretty, J.; Toulmin, C.; Williams, S

    2011-01-01

    Metadata only record For many developing countries, agricultural production gains have facilitated rural and urban economic growth. However, African countries in general are viewed as being unsuccessful in increasing productivity. Sustainable intensification is a method of production that incorporates the principles of natural resource conservation and efficient use with intensive agricultural practices. Recently, it is a coming into ideological and practical popularity among agriculturali...

  14. Musical Education for College Students in China:Status Quo and Problems——A Case Study in Huazhong Agricultural University%我国普通高等学校学生音乐教育现状及问题探析——以华中农业大学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈璋

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,more and more people pay attention to the impact of musical education on college students and musical education in colleges and universities have aroused wide attention by the whole society.Based on the investigation from some students in Huazhong Agricultural University,this paper uses questionnaire to survey the status quo of musical education.The result shows that there are three problems in musical education:students are poor in music,setting of musical courses is not reasonable and extracurricular activities of musical education for college students are not highly stressed in the school.Therefore,this paper proposes three suggestions,that is,the school should attach importance to the foundation of musical education,perfect teaching methods and teaching contents and strengthen the support of musical associations.%近年来,随着音乐教育对大学生的影响被越来越多的人所重视,普通高等学校音乐教育开始得到更多的关注。以华中农业大学学生为调查对象,采用问卷调查的方式,对其音乐教育现状进行了调查。分析发现,当前普通高等学校大学生音乐教育表现出3个方面的问题:大学生音乐基础整体较差;大学音乐课程设置不尽合理;对大学生音乐教育第二课堂不够重视。针对性地提出了普通高校音乐教育需要从基础做起、进一步完善教学方式和教学内容、加大对音乐社团的扶持力度等3点建议。

  15. 非英语专业研究生跨文化交际能力实证分析——以南京农业大学为例%Empirical Analysis of Non-English Major Graduates' Intercultural Communicative Competence: A Case Study of Nanjing Agricultural University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋葵

    2011-01-01

    The higher education internationalization makes it urgent to improve non-English major graduate students' intercultural communicative competence(ICC).Based on the related theories and research dimensions of ICC: opinion,knowledge and behavior,this paper makes an empirical analysis on the ICC of non-English major graduates of Nanjing Agricultural University.The empirical result shows the subjects' inadequacy and imbalance of ICC.In view of the existing problems,we need to strengthen graduates' communicative awareness,perfect their knowledge composition and improve their practical skills.%高等教育国际化背景下,提高研究生的跨文化交际能力已成当务之急。依据跨文化交际能力的相关理论,从认识、知识和行为三个测量维度,对南京农业大学非英语专业研究生的跨文化交际能力进行了调查和分析。实证研究的结果表明:学生跨文化交际能力的总体水平不高,能力的发展不均衡。为此需要在教学中强化研究生的交际意识,完善研究生的知识结构,提高研究生的实践技能。

  16. Practices and quality control for the cataloging outsourcing. case study of library of Agricultural University of Hebei%编目业务外包实践与思考——以河北农业大学图书馆为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏荣敏; 王瑞亨

    2012-01-01

    It can shorten the time that library users meet the new books and retrench manpower, material resources and financial resources to the utmost capacity by Outsourcing of Acquisition and Cataloguing. In this paper, the author summarizes the questions in the Outsourcing activity According to the Library of Agricultural University of Hebei was, the strategies for the quality controljof the cataloging data put forward including the following aspects, investigating the serv- ice ability of the bidding company, pursuing Cataloguer Qualification Examination System, en- hancing the control of details of the outsourcing, improving the qualities of Libraries, and Build- ing up a Framework for effective evaluation.%实行采编业务外包不仅缩短了新书与读者见面的时间,而且能最大限度地节省图书馆的人力、物力、财力资源。结合河北农业大学图书馆编目外包的实践,对编目过程中出现的问题进行了归纳总结,并从全面了解投标公司的服务能力、推行执证编目员制度、加强对业务细节的控制、提高本馆编目员素质、建立一套有效的评价体系等几个方面提出了编目业务外包环境下书目数据质量控制的应对策略。

  17. Agriculture and malnutrition in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, Ashok; Ganesh-Kumar, A; Shreedhar, Ganga; Nandakumar, T

    2012-03-01

    Despite the high and relatively stable overall growth of the economy, India's agriculture sector is underperforming and a vast section of the population remains undernourished. To explore the possible interplay between agricultural performance and malnutrition indicators to see whether states that perform better in agriculture record better nutritional outcomes. Correlation analysis and a simple linear regression model were used to study the relationship between agricultural performance and malnutrition among children under 5 years of age and adults from 15 to 49 years of age at 20 major states using data from the National Family Health Survey-3 for the year 2005/06 and the national accounts. Indicators of the level of agricultural performance or income have a strong and significant negative relationship with indices of undernutrition among adults and children, a result suggesting that improvement of agricultural productivity can be a powerful tool to reduce undernutrition across the vast majority of the population. In addition to agriculture, access to sanitation facilities and women's literacy were also found to be strong factors affecting malnutrition. Access to healthcare for women and child-care practices, in particular breastfeeding within 1 hour after birth, are other important determinants of malnutrition among adults and children. Malnutrition is a multidimensional problem that requires multisectoral interventions. The findings show that improving agricultural performance can have a positive impact on nutritional outcomes. However, improvements in agriculture alone cannot be effective in combating malnutrition if several other mediating factors are not in place. Interventions to improve education, health, sanitation and household infrastructure, and care and feeding practices are critical. Innovative strategies that integrate agriculture and nutrition programs stand a better chance of combating the malnutrition problem.

  18. Toward a national core course in agricultural medicine and curriculum in agricultural safety and health: the "building capacity" consensus process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolphi, Josie M; Donham, Kelley J

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT The agricultural industry poses specific hazards and risks to its workers. Since the 1970s, the University of Iowa has been establishing programs to educate rural health care and safety professionals who in turn provide education and occupational health and safety services to farm families and farm workers. This program has been well established in the state of Iowa as a program of Iowa's Center for Agricultural Safety and Health (I-CASH). However, the National 1989 Agriculture at Risk Report indicated there was a great need for agricultural medicine training beyond Iowa's borders. In order to help meet this need, Building Capacity: A National Resource of Agricultural Medicine Professionals was initiated as a project of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-funded Great Plains Center for Agricultural Health in 2006. Before the first phase of this project, a consensus process was conducted with a group of safety and health professionals to determine topics and learning objectives for the course. Over 300 students attended and matriculated the agricultural medicine course during first phase of the project (2007-2010). Beginning the second phase of the project (2012-2016), an expanded advisory committee (38 internationally recognized health and safety professionals) was convened to review the progress of the first phase, make recommendations for revisions to the required topics and competencies, and discuss updates to the second edition of the course textbook (Agricultural Medicine: Occupational and Environmental Health for the Health Professions). A formal consensus process was held and included an online survey and also a face-to-face meeting. The group was charged with the responsibility of developing the next version of this course by establishing best practices and setting an agenda with the long-term goal of developing a national course in agricultural medicine.

  19. Structural Adjustment of Oasis Agriculture in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Jun; Zhang Xiaolei

    2005-01-01

    Xinjiang's oasis agriculture has made enormous strides over past decades. Structural adjustment of oasis agriculture sector has promoted production diversification. Xinjiang's oasis agriculture sector is entering a new era. The era means more adjustments in oasis agricultural and rural economic structure so as to realize the sustainable development of agriculture. By summing and analyzing the main problems in Xinjinag's oasis agricultural structure,such as raising farmer's income, industry structure within agriculture, rural urbanization, pressure coming from market, agricultural environment degradation,puts forward the thinking, director and countermeasures to adjust oasis agricultural structure.

  20. Explore the Demand of Agricultural Modernization to Agricultural Special Talents%农业现代化对农业专项人才的需求探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢立峰

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural modernization needs agricultural colleges and universities to train high-quality agricultural technol-ogical innovation. According to modern agricultural demand for talent, agricultural colleges to market-oriented agriculture, for rural economic development and social progress, and constantly deepen educational reform, agricultural modernization cultivate innovative talents. This paper describes the characteristics of agricultural modernization, the characteristics of mod-ern agricultural special talent, a brief analysis of the status of agricultural special talents of vocational education, and then put forward the corresponding change initiatives.%农业现代化建设需要农业院校培养出高素质的农业科技创新人才.根据现代农业对人才的需求,农业院校要面向农业市场,面向农村经济建设和社会进步,不断深化教育教学改革,为农业现代化发展培养创新人才.本文阐述了农业现代化的特点、现代农业专项人才的特点,简要分析了农业专项人才职业教育的现状,进而提出了相应的农业专项人才职业教育的变革举措.

  1. Stanford University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    The Leland Stanford Junior University,commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford),is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco and approximately 20 miles northwest of San Joséin an unincorporated area of Santa Clara County.Situated adjacent to the city of Palo Alto,California,Stanford lies at the heart of the Silicon Valley,both geographically and historically.

  2. General Situations of Development of Photovoltaic Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaohang; ZHANG; Shoufu; CUI; Fuping; LIU

    2015-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced policy of photovoltaic agriculture in China. It discussed significance of developing photovoltaic agriculture. Then,it introduced progress in application of photovoltaic agriculture at both home and abroad. Finally,it pointed out existing problems in photovoltaic agriculture and came up with recommendations for development of photovoltaic agriculture in China.

  3. Gender Equality in Agricultural Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Jayakumar

    2016-05-01

    “Increased women’s enrollment in agricultural courses” as one among the strategies when addressing gender issues in the education and training components of agricultural development projects. In this context the study was carried out to ascertain the representation of women and their academic achievement in agricultural education. The study revealed that almost equal representation was found for women in agricultural course and they were also provided better quality education in their schooling, in the form of English medium education and education in private schools. Recent trends for the past four years showed a higher percentage of enrollments of women in agricultural course than men. The growth rate was also higher for the female students. Women also showed a significantly higher percentage of academic achievement than men. These positive indicators provide sufficient signals for equality of women in agricultural course and have positive implications for development of the agricultural sector in future.

  4. Greenhouse gas mitigation in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Pete; Martino, Daniel; Cai, Zucong; Gwary, Daniel; Janzen, Henry; Kumar, Pushpam; McCarl, Bruce; Ogle, Stephen; O'Mara, Frank; Rice, Charles; Scholes, Bob; Sirotenko, Oleg; Howden, Mark; McAllister, Tim; Pan, Genxing; Romanenkov, Vladimir; Schneider, Uwe; Towprayoon, Sirintornthep; Wattenbach, Martin; Smith, Jo

    2008-02-27

    Agricultural lands occupy 37% of the earth's land surface. Agriculture accounts for 52 and 84% of global anthropogenic methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Agricultural soils may also act as a sink or source for CO2, but the net flux is small. Many agricultural practices can potentially mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the most prominent of which are improved cropland and grazing land management and restoration of degraded lands and cultivated organic soils. Lower, but still significant mitigation potential is provided by water and rice management, set-aside, land use change and agroforestry, livestock management and manure management. The global technical mitigation potential from agriculture (excluding fossil fuel offsets from biomass) by 2030, considering all gases, is estimated to be approximately 5500-6000Mt CO2-eq.yr-1, with economic potentials of approximately 1500-1600, 2500-2700 and 4000-4300Mt CO2-eq.yr-1 at carbon prices of up to 20, up to 50 and up to 100 US$ t CO2-eq.-1, respectively. In addition, GHG emissions could be reduced by substitution of fossil fuels for energy production by agricultural feedstocks (e.g. crop residues, dung and dedicated energy crops). The economic mitigation potential of biomass energy from agriculture is estimated to be 640, 2240 and 16 000Mt CO2-eq.yr-1 at 0-20, 0-50 and 0-100 US$ t CO2-eq.-1, respectively.

  5. Journal of Agricultural Extension submitted to Agricultural Extension ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. MADUKWE

    this end, it is noted that households in rural Nigeria engage in multiple jobs to ..... by the high proportions of respondents involved in different levels of agricultural production up to marketing. ... owners prefer to contract their lands to men.

  6. Identifying Best Practices for Engaging Faculty in International Agricultural Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexa J. Lamm

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Universities are being called upon to internationalize curriculum as the need for a globally competent workforce increases. Without globally-competent faculty, international integration within higher education cannot occur. Literature indicates that participation in short-term international agricultural education experiences is important to increasing agricultural faculty members’ cultural awareness. However, the best way to design and implement such experiences for faculty is uncharted. The purpose of the study was to identify best practices for facilitating a short-term international education experience for faculty in the agricultural and life sciences that encouraged learning, discussion, and reflection leading faculty to further integrate international perspectives in their agricultural courses in the U.S. Through a qualitative research design, reflective observations and statements from a planning team conducting short-term international agricultural education experience in Ecuador were used to provide a thick, rich description of the successes/challenges faced while designing and implementing the experience. The results provided a list of best practices future planning team members can use to emphasize learning before, during, and after a short-term international agricultural education experience for faculty.

  7. Mathematics in agriculture and vocational education for agricultures

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents some of the results from a research study about mathematics in agriculture and agricultural education. The purpose of the study is to investigate the role of mathematics as a professional knowledge, and how to organize vocational secondary school education so that students receive the math knowledge and skills they need for their future profession. The study is done from a curricula theoretical perspective with concepts from Bernstein (2000). The re...

  8. Adapting agriculture with traditional knowledge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swiderska, Krystyna; Reid, Hannah [IIED, London (United Kingdom); Song, Yiching; Li, Jingsong [Centre for Chinese Agriculutral Policy (China); Mutta, Doris [Kenya Forestry Research Institute (Kenya)

    2011-10-15

    Over the coming decades, climate change is likely to pose a major challenge to agriculture; temperatures are rising, rainfall is becoming more variable and extreme weather is becoming a more common event. Researchers and policymakers agree that adapting agriculture to these impacts is a priority for ensuring future food security. Strategies to achieve that in practice tend to focus on modern science. But evidence, both old and new, suggests that the traditional knowledge and crop varieties of indigenous peoples and local communities could prove even more important in adapting agriculture to climate change.

  9. Economics, Policy, and Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Jan Holm

    2009-01-01

    Is organic agriculture so special that special social theories and methods are needed? The article investigates the question in two steps: First, the article address the question whether agriculture is special. Second, whether organic agriculture is special. It is concluded that from an economic...... point of view new research suggests that the organic sector can only be conceptualized and understood in the general social context. If the sector is analyzed as independent of general social context, it will lead to insufficient, and in worst case wrong, understandings and subsequently inadequate...

  10. Agricultural Fragility Estimates Subjected to Volcanic Ash Fall Hazards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ham, H. J.; Lee, S.; Choi, S. H.; Yun, W. S.

    2015-12-01

    Agricultural Fragility Estimates Subjected to Volcanic Ash Fall Hazards Hee Jung Ham1, Seung-Hun Choi1, Woo-Seok Yun1, Sungsu Lee2 1Department of Architectural Engineering, Kangwon National University, Korea 2Division of Civil Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Korea ABSTRACT In this study, fragility functions are developed to estimate expected volcanic ash damages of the agricultural sector in Korea. The fragility functions are derived from two approaches: 1) empirical approach based on field observations of impacts to agriculture from the 2006 eruption of Merapi volcano in Indonesia and 2) the FOSM (first-order second-moment) analytical approach based on distribution and thickness of volcanic ash observed from the 1980 eruption of Mt. Saint Helens and agricultural facility specifications in Korea. Fragility function to each agricultural commodity class is presented by a cumulative distribution function of the generalized extreme value distribution. Different functions are developed to estimate production losses from outdoor and greenhouse farming. Seasonal climate influences vulnerability of each agricultural crop and is found to be a crucial component in determining fragility of agricultural commodities to an ash fall. In the study, the seasonality coefficient is established as a multiplier of fragility function to consider the seasonal vulnerability. Yields of the different agricultural commodities are obtained from Korean Statistical Information Service to create a baseline for future agricultural volcanic loss estimation. Numerically simulated examples of scenario ash fall events at Mt. Baekdu volcano are utilized to illustrate the application of the developed fragility functions. Acknowledgements This research was supported by a grant 'Development of Advanced Volcanic Disaster Response System considering Potential Volcanic Risk around Korea' [MPSS-NH-2015-81] from the Natural Hazard Mitigation Research Group, Ministry of Public Safety and Security of

  11. Harvard University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    Harvard University, which celebrated its 370th anniversary in 2006, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. Founded 16 years after the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the University has grown from nine students with a

  12. Overseas Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).

    The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore;…

  13. Innovative Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barsi, Louis M.; Kaebnick, Gweneth W.

    1989-01-01

    The phenomenon of innovation within the university is examined, noting the possibility of innovation as a key to college vitality. A study was conducted using a group of institutions that demonstrated recent innovative spirit. Members of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU), each has been recognized in an annual…

  14. Effectiveness in Agricultural Engineering: introductory course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arce, A.; Tarquis, A. M.; Cartagena, M. C.

    2009-04-01

    A great number of our incoming students do not have the prerequisite knowledge expected from studying Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics in the engineering degree. In some cases, they did not take Chemistry lessons at Secondary School. In other cases, students do not have enough level to follow the lessons at university. If we want to avoid failure in University, all of these students should do some extra work. In some School of Technical University of Madrid, students seek optional introductory courses to acquire the technical basic necessary knowledge to start education in High School, avoiding as far as possible the failure of the first course and in many cases the abandonment. These courses began in Agricultural School in 2005. The course is given during the month of September and includes a total of 5 ECTS that are distributed among different fundamental subjects: Mathematics (40%), Physics (30%) and Chemistry (30%). Course contents include a review of Secondary School concepts as well as others that the different Departments consider necessary to follow the subject at the first engineering course properly. In this work the results obtained during the last four years are showed on the students' formation and knowledge of these fundamental subjects prior to the introductory course and their level of participation, beside the degree of students' satisfaction gathered in the surveys. In addition, a case study in Chemistry is presented showing teaching techniques and learning activities used as well as the knowledge and abilities acquired.

  15. Theme: Future Programs of Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jasper S.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    This issue, focusing on future programs of agricultural education, includes articles on the future of agriculture, bioelectronics, secondary programs, technical education in agriculture, young and adult farmer programs, instructional technology, and expanding opportunities for women. (CT)

  16. Preparation Of Charcoal Using Agricultural Wastes | Bogale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preparation Of Charcoal Using Agricultural Wastes. ... alternative to wood charcoal using agricultural wastes (dry leaves, coffee husk, sugarcane trash, ... produced from agricultural wastes are economical, environmentally friendly, healthy (no ...

  17. agricultural waste concept, generation, utilization and management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2016-10-04

    Oct 4, 2016 ... Agricultural wastes are non-product outputs of production and processing of agricultural products that may .... process of livestock wastes; the putrefaction process .... attitudes, and better approaches to agricultural waste.

  18. Agricultural Roots in the Biological Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laughlin, Charles W.; And Others

    1978-01-01

    A wide variety of careers related to agriculture and based on studies of the biological sciences are discussed. The importance of agriculture in our society as well as the educational means to an agricultural career are outlined. (MDR)

  19. Knowledge Base and Content of Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Robert A.; Peterson, Ronald L.

    1991-01-01

    Agricultural education encompasses basic sciences and business management principles. Critical curriculum components are (1) technical agriculture (basic principles, functions, and technical specialties of agriculture); (2) experiential learning; and (3) human development. (SK)

  20. Integrating Agriculture into the Science Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emery, Pamela M.; Linder, Mark P.

    1993-01-01

    The California Foundation for Agriculture in the Classroom supports efforts to integrate agricultural education into K-12 science curriculum. Thirteen pilot agriculture/science units have been developed. (SK)

  1. Agricultural intensification : saving space for wildlife?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baudron, F.

    2011-01-01

    Key words: agricultural frontier; smallholder; intensification; semi-arid area; wildlife; conservation agriculture; cotton; Zimbabwe. Increasing agricultural production and preventing further losses in biodiversity are both legitimate objectives, but they compete strongly in the developing world. I

  2. Agricultural Minerals Operations - Direct Download

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...

  3. School Of Agricul_ture, '

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    new agricultural technologies as the local farmer is endowed with a considerable ... cropping systems, biodiversity conservation and health delivery system as ... marshy soils in the dry season production of vegetable such as okro, garden.

  4. Polymer in Agriculture: a Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Puoci

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In agricultural field, polymers are widely used for many applications. Although they were used, in the first time, just as structural materials (inhert polymers, in the last decades functionalized polymers revolutionized the agricultural and food industry with new tools for several applications. Smart polymeric materials and smart delivery systems helped the agricultural industryto combat viruses and other crop pathogens, functionalized polymers were used to increase the efficiency of pesticides and herbicides, allowing lower doses to be used and to indirectly protect the environment through filters or catalysts to reduce pollution and clean-up existing pollutants. This report will review the key aspects of used polymers in agricultural area, highlighting current research in this field and the future impacts they may have.

  5. Danish emission inventories for agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Mette Hjorth; Albrektsen, Rikke; Gyldenkærne, Steen

    . This report contains a description of the emissions from the agricultural sector from 1985 to 2009. Furthermore, the report includes a detailed description of methods and data used to calculate the emissions, which is based on national methodologies as well as international guidelines. For the Danish...... emissions calculations and data management an Integrated Database model for Agricultural emissions (IDA) is used. The emission from the agricultural sector includes emission of the greenhouse gases methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3), particulate matter (PM), non-methane volatile organic...... compounds (NMVOC) and other pollutants related to the field burning of agricultural residue such as NOx, CO2, CO, SO2, heavy metals, dioxin and PAH. The ammonia emission from 1985 to 2009 has decreased from 119 300 tonnes of NH3 to 73 800 tonnes NH3, corresponding to a 38 % reduction. The emission...

  6. Decentralizing Agricultural Extension: Alternative Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, William M.

    1997-01-01

    Examines government strategies for decentralizing agricultural extension, concluding that such changes are largely determined by the country's constitutional status. Reviews decentralization guidelines for structural and fiscal reforms and participatory management systems. (SK)

  7. Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences is aimed at promoting research in all areas of ... Related topics in Biological Sciences will also be considered. ... Evaluation of nutrients status of soils under rice cultivation in cross river state, Nigeria ...

  8. Laser-based agriculture system

    KAUST Repository

    Ooi, Boon S.

    2016-03-31

    A system and method are provided for indoor agriculture using at least one growth chamber illuminated by laser light. In an example embodiment of the agriculture system, a growth chamber is provided having one or more walls defining an interior portion of the growth chamber. The agriculture system may include a removable tray disposed within the interior portion of the growth chamber. The agriculture system also includes a light source, which may be disposed outside the growth chamber. The one or more walls may include at least one aperture. The light source is configured to illuminate at least a part of the interior portion of the growth chamber. In embodiments in which the light source is disposed outside the growth chamber, the light source is configured to transmit the laser light to the interior portion of the growth chamber via the at least one aperture.

  9. Stronger management needed to protect agricultural environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai Shikui

    1983-01-01

    This article examines environmental issues and management in developed agricultural areas of China. Agricultural environmental management is defined as the adoption of countermeasures by applying the theories and methods of environmental science and management science and abiding by economic laws and ecological laws to prevent pollution of the agricultural environment and destruction of the agro-ecology by man; to coordinate the relationship between the development of agricultural production and the protection of the agricultural environment and to satisfy increasing demands for agricultural by-products. Topics considered include the basis for developing agricultural environmental management, the present condition of the agricultural environment in China, and several management proposals.

  10. Universe Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sankatsing Nava, Tibisay; Russo, Pedro

    2015-08-01

    Universe Awareness (UNAWE) is an educational programme coordinated by Leiden University that uses the beauty and grandeur of the Universe to encourage young children, particularly those from an underprivileged background, to have an interest in science and technology and foster their sense of global citizenship from the earliest age.UNAWE's twofold vision uses our Universe to inspire and motivate very young children: the excitement of the Universe provides an exciting introduction to science and technology, while the vastness and beauty of the Universe helps broaden the mind and stimulate a sense of global citizenship and tolerance. UNAWE's goals are accomplished through four main activities: the coordination of a global network of more than 1000 astronomers, teachers and educators from more than 60 countries, development of educational resources, teacher training activities and evaluation of educational activities.Between 2011 and 2013, EU-UNAWE, the European branch of UNAWE, was funded by the European Commission to implement a project in 5 EU countries and South Africa. This project has been concluded successfully. Since then, the global project Universe Awareness has continued to grow with an expanding international network, new educational resources and teacher trainings and a planned International Workshop in collaboration with ESA in October 2015, among other activities.

  11. 创新浪潮下英语专业学生批判性思维调查与培养——以河北农业大学为例%Investigation and cultivation of English majors' critical thinking under the innovation wave ——Agricultural university of Hebei as the example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春燕; 于瑾; 韩久全

    2012-01-01

    Critical thinking of English majors in education has been gradually taken seriously. This paper takes English majors of Hebei Agricultural University as an example to study their critical thinking and related factors with the expection of providing basis for the reform of higher education. We used the questionnaire in the study and made descriptive analysis with the help of SPSS17.0. The findings are: English majors averaged 247. 72 in critical thinking inclination, which was neutral; critical thinking skills test averaged 16.9, which was relatively weak compared with the U. S. Norm. According to the analysis of the reasons, the paper puts forward the suggestion that changing concepts of education, reforming the traditional curriculum, improving teaching methods, creating a learning environment of critical thinking are the ways to further improve critical thinking of English majors.%英语专业学生批判性思维的研究在教育界逐渐受到重视。以河北农业大学英语专业学生为例,研究英语专业学生的批判性思维能力现状和相关因素,为高等教育改革提供依据。研究主要采用调查问卷的方式,利用SPSS17.0进行了描述性分析。调查结果发现:英语专业学生的批判性思维倾向平均得分为247.72,呈中性;批判性思维技能测试总平均分为16.9,与美国常模相比较弱。分析原因提出:要进一步提高英语专业学生批判性思维能力,必须转变教育观念,不断改革传统的课程体系,改进教学方法,营造批判性思维的学习氛围等。

  12. A content review of precision agriculture courses in the United States and Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowledge of what precision agriculture (PA) content is currently taught in North America will help build a better understanding for what PA instructors should incorporate into their classes in the future. The University of Missouri partnered with several universities throughout the nation on a USDA...

  13. First year with the course ‘Organic agriculture in a development perspective'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaarst, Mette

    2010-01-01

    In 2010, the course ‘Organic agriculture in a development perspective' was run for the first time at Aarhus University. Education within and continuous reflections upon organic farming and food systems on all levels is a prerequisite for the development of the field, and young university students...

  14. Adept at adapting. Contributions of sociology to agricultural research for small farmers in developing countries: the case of rice in the Dominican Republic.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Doorman, F.

    1991-01-01

    This book discusses possible contributions of sociology and anthropology to agricultural research. It is based on investigations carried out from 1981 to 1985 in the Dominican Republic in the Adaptive Agricultural Research (AAR) project, a cooperative effort between the Agricultural University of Wa

  15. What Can a Borich Needs Assessment Model Tell Us about In-Service Training Needs of Faculty in a College of Agriculture? The Case of Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarafshani, Kiumars; Baygi, Amir Hossein Ali

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory case study was to determine current in-service needs of agricultural faculties at Razi University in Kermanshah province in Iran. A descriptive research methodology design was used to conduct the study. The target population of the study consisted of all agricultural faculties in College of Agriculture at Razi…

  16. The universe

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, Richard

    2012-01-01

    Where did the Universe come from? The single biggest and most difficult question that there is. From early religions through Greek Philosophy and Western Science man has attempted to discover the meaning of our place in the Universe. In the last twenty years these debates have been cast in a new light by amazing discoveries, big bang theory and ideas about new sub-atomic layers. The nature of Time and Space are truly up for grabs. With a witty and accessible style Osborne leads us on a historical and informative journey through the philosophies of the universe including the importance

  17. tree composition and distribution in federal university of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tersor

    of human activities which greatly influence the structure, composition and ... Africa, of which Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi is not left out. ... located within the Southern Guinea Savanna ... the west of the (Route A3) Makurdi to Lafia.

  18. Agronomy Students at Southern Land-Grant Universities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkelberger, John E.; Molnar, Joseph J.

    The background characteristics, occupational goals, and attitudes of agriculture students enrolled in 1890 and 1862 land grant universities in 1977 were examined by questionnaire, to construct a profile of agronomy majors as compared to animal science majors and to agriculture majors as a whole. Females comprised 38.2% of animal science majors but…

  19. Sustainable Universities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grindsted, Thomas Skou

    2011-01-01

    , has put a counter pressure on the university, forcing it to review its role as a driver for sustainable development. Today, universities and intergovernmental institutions have developed more than 31 SHE declarations, and more than 1400 universities have signed a SHE declaration globally. However....... Declarations tend to have impact on three trends. Firstly, there is emerging international consensus on the university’s role and function in relation to sustainable development; secondly, the emergence of national legislation, and thirdly, an emerging international competition to be leader in sustainable......Declarations on Sustainability in Higher Education (SHE) can be viewed as a piece of international regulation. Over the past 30 years research at universities has produced convincing data to warn about deterioration of the environment, resource scarcity and the need for sustainability. This in turn...

  20. USAID University

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — USAID University is USAID's learning management system. Features include 1) Access online courses 2) Register for instructor-led courses 3)Access your student...

  1. PEKING UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Type of Company: Government institution. New Preparartions and Late-Model Drug Delivery System Technical Plaform of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a national technical plaform for developing new and important drugs. The person in charge for the platform is a pharmaceutical science professor of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The plaform selects the following as the main research areas: late-model carrier drug delivery system, biotechnological drug delivery system,

  2. Undulant Universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barenboim, Gabriela; /Valencia U.; Mena, Olga; Quigg, Chris; /Fermilab

    2004-12-01

    If the equation of state for ''dark energy'' varies periodically, the expansion of the Universe may have undergone alternating eras of acceleration and deceleration. We examine a specific form that survives existing observational tests, does not single out the present state of the Universe as exceptional, and suggests a future much like the matter-dominated past: a smooth expansion without a final inflationary epoch.

  3. U.S.A.I.D. awards university $34 million

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Virginia Tech President Charles W. Steger announced today that the university's Office of International Research, Education, and Development (OIRED) has received the largest single-day award to any university by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade Program in the form of two grants totaling $34 million over 5 years. The work will enhance food security while limiting negative impacts on natural resources through sustainable agricultural ...

  4. 29 CFR 780.509 - Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agriculture. 780.509 Section 780.509 Labor Regulations... INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF... Section 13(a)(14) Shade-Grown Tobacco § 780.509 Agriculture. The definition of “agriculture,” as contained...

  5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda GHEORGHIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture today is a strategic point of a country's economy, providing food based on population, development of internal and external trade and manufacturing industries by supplying raw materials. For Romania, this branch is a strong point both in terms climatic (temperate, balanced relief, soil quality and at the same time is also a way of national development and convergence of rural areas to their full potential untapped. With strong reforms, well implemented, a specific legislative framework which aims to protecting private property, Romania could reduce the low efficiency and can have a sustainable agriculture. The paper aimed to present the advantages of consuming organic products, and, on the other hand, the advantages of a country in terms of organic farming. European agriculture is a competitive, market-oriented, but also protecting the environment model.

  6. Weather extremes could affect agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcerak, Ernie

    2012-05-01

    As Earth's climate warms, agricultural producers will need to adapt. Changes, especially increases in extreme events, are already having an impact on food production, according to speakers at a 1 May session on agriculture and food security at the AGU Science Policy Conference. Christopher Field, director of the Department of Global Ecology at the Carnegie Institution for Science of Washington, D. C., pointed out the complex factors that come into play in understanding food security, including spatially varying controls and stresses, incomplete models, and the potential for threshold responses. Factors that are likely to cause problems include increasing population; increasing preference for meat, which needs more land and energy inputs to produce; climate change; and increasing use of agricultural lands for biomass energy.

  7. Danish emission inventories for agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Mette Hjorth; Albrektsen, Rikke; Gyldenkærne, Steen

    compounds (NMVOC) and other pollutants related to the field burning of agricultural residue such as NOx, CO2, CO, SO2, heavy metals, dioxin and PAH. The ammonia emission from 1985 to 2009 has decreased from 119 300 tonnes of NH3 to 73 800 tonnes NH3, corresponding to a 38 % reduction. The emission...... emissions calculations and data management an Integrated Database model for Agricultural emissions (IDA) is used. The emission from the agricultural sector includes emission of the greenhouse gases methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), ammonia (NH3), particulate matter (PM), non-methane volatile organic...... of greenhouse gases has decreased by 25 % from 12.9 M tonnes CO2 equivalents to 9.6 M tonnes CO2 equivalents from 1985 to 2009. Improvements in feed efficiency and utilisation of nitrogen in livestock manure are the most important reasons for the reduction of both the ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions...

  8. Methylotrophic bacteria in sustainable agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Manish; Tomar, Rajesh Singh; Lade, Harshad; Paul, Diby

    2016-07-01

    Excessive use of chemical fertilizers to increase production from available land has resulted in deterioration of soil quality. To prevent further soil deterioration, the use of methylotrophic bacteria that have the ability to colonize different habitats, including soil, sediment, water, and both epiphytes and endophytes as host plants, has been suggested for sustainable agriculture. Methylotrophic bacteria are known to play a significant role in the biogeochemical cycle in soil ecosystems, ultimately fortifying plants and sustaining agriculture. Methylotrophs also improve air quality by using volatile organic compounds such as dichloromethane, formaldehyde, methanol, and formic acid. Additionally, methylotrophs are involved in phosphorous, nitrogen, and carbon cycling and can help reduce global warming. In this review, different aspects of the interaction between methylotrophs and host plants are discussed, including the role of methylotrophs in phosphorus acquisition, nitrogen fixation, phytohormone production, iron chelation, and plant growth promotion, and co-inoculation of these bacteria as biofertilizers for viable agriculture practices.

  9. DIRECTIONS OF IMPROVEMENT OF UNIVERSAL POWER TECHNIQUES

    OpenAIRE

    Burianov A. I.; Dmitrenko A. I.; Goryachev Y. O.

    2015-01-01

    Basing on brief-analysis of nature-climate and economical conditions conformed for field-production in Russian agriculture, needfulness of finding of new ways, one of that is reducing of number of mobile technologic special-purpose equipment and its removing with advanced universal energetic techniques is presented. The results of design of modern constructive decisions of new-generation schemas of universal energetic machineries are presented. The algorithmprogram package, designed in our in...

  10. Successes and challenges in a novel doctoral program in systems agriculture: a case example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lust, D; Topliff, D; Deotte, R

    2010-01-01

    A doctoral program in Systems Agriculture was initiated at West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX, in September, 2003. The stated objective of the program was "..to prepare leaders for the agricultural industry that are trained in a multidisciplinary, research-based curriculum that emphasizes a systems approach to problem solving". The program offers a single doctoral degree in Agriculture and accepts qualified students with a master's or professional degree in agricultural or related disciplines. Courses related to systems methodologies, leadership, agricultural economics, plant and soil science, and animal science are required. Additional program requirements include a systems research project and dissertation, leadership training, and written and oral exams. The program has exceeded enrollment and graduation targets, suggesting interest in this approach to a doctoral degree. Students have entered the program with M.S. backgrounds in education, traditional agricultural disciplines, veterinary medicine, business, and physics. Graduates have gained employment in industry, university teaching and research, government research/administration, and extension. Doctoral student projects in systems agriculture contributed to curriculum changes and to the conceptual framework adopted by a multi-state research group. Designing and teaching courses for students with diverse backgrounds has been challenging. Development of a common understanding of systems agriculture was identified by a third-party program review as an issue for faculty. Development and maintenance of program standards and administrative procedures posed additional challenges. Leadership, administrative support, and timely and continuing program assessment are suggested as necessary components for a nontraditional doctoral program.

  11. Agricultural Mechanics--A Stimulus to Vocational Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almazan, Isais, Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Through the study of agricultural mechanics or farm shop, students are able to discover their mechanical aptitudes and also develop a sense of satisfaction that comes with the experience of personal accomplishments at the Victoria-Stroman High School. Adults are encouraged to participate in the Specialist Program which is sponsored by the…

  12. Agricultural and industrial process heat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollard, J.

    1978-01-01

    The application of solar energy to agricultural and industrial process heat requirements is discussed. This energy end use sector has been the largest and it appears that solar energy can, when fully developed and commercialized, displace from three to eight or more quads of oil and natural gas in U.S. industry. This potential for fossil fuel displacement in the agricultural and industrial process heat area sector represents a possible savings of 1.4 to 3.8 million barrels of oil daily.

  13. An online agricultural genetics course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moses, Vivian

    2014-07-03

    In this age of rapidly developing online learning, the advent of a series of talks and supplementary material devoted to genetics in agriculture from Henry Stewart Talks ( http://hstalks.com/main/browse_talks.php?r=776&c=252 ) is welcome indeed. The series is designed for researchers and graduate students in the fields of genetics, plant science, animal science, agricultural science, food science, human nutrition and environmental science, advanced undergraduate students, policy makers and managers in public and private sectors, and continuing professional education/development.

  14. Irradiation of northwest agricultural products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eakin, D. E.; Tingey, G. I.

    1985-02-01

    Irradiation of food for disinfestation and preservation is increasing in importance because of increasing restrictions on various chemical treatments. Irradiation treatment is of particular interest in the Northwest because of a growing supply of agricultural products and the need to develop new export markets. Several products have, or could potentially have, significant export markets if stringent insect ocntrol procedures are developed and followed. Due to the recognized potential benefits of irradiation, this program was conducted to evaluate the benefits of using irradiation on Northwest agricultural products. Commodities currently included in the program are cherries, apples, asparagus, spices, hay, and hides.

  15. Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Opilla, R.; Dale, L.; Surles, T.

    1980-05-01

    A variety of carbohydrate sources can be used as raw material for the production of ethanol. Section 1 is a review of technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. Section 2 is a review of the use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. Section 3 deals with the environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

  16. Alcohol production from agricultural and forestry residues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dale, L; Opilla, R; Surles, T

    1980-09-01

    Technologies available for the production of ethanol from whole corn are reviewed. Particular emphasis is placed on the environmental aspects of the process, including land utilization and possible air and water pollutants. Suggestions are made for technological changes intended to improve the economics of the process as well as to reduce some of the pollution from by-product disposal. Ethanol may be derived from renewable cellulosic substances by either enzymatic or acid hydrolysis of cellulose to sugar, followed by conventional fermentation and distillation. The use of two agricultural residues - corn stover (field stalks remaining after harvest) and straw from wheat crops - is reviewed as a cellulosic feedstock. Two processes have been evaluated with regard to environmental impact - a two-stage acid process developed by G.T. Tsao of Purdue University and an enzymatic process based on the laboratory findings of C.R. Wilke of the University of California, Berkeley. The environmental residuals expected from the manufacture of methyl and ethyl alcohols from woody biomass are covered. The methanol is produced in a gasification process, whereas ethanol is produced by hydrolysis and fermentation processes similar to those used to derive ethanol from cellulosic materials.

  17. Research Frontiers of Agricultural Economics and Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang L.X.

    2004-01-01

    @@ Introduction The focus of research on Agricultural Economics and Management (AEM) has been switching from developed countries to developing countries. In important international journals on AEM such as "American Journal of Agricultural Economics" and "Agricultural Economics", the research objectives mainly focus on AEM problems in developing countries, e.g. the effects of globalization and liberalization on agricultural production in developing countries, and problems in agricultural resources and environmental protections in developing countries.

  18. Understanding the links between agriculture and health:

    OpenAIRE

    Hawkes, Corinna; Ruel, Marie T.

    2006-01-01

    CONTENTS: 1.Overview / Corinna Hawkes and Marie T. Ruel; 2. Agriculture, Food, and Health: Perspectives on a Long Relationship / Tim Lang; 3. Agricultural Technology and Health / Michael Lipton, Saurabh Sinha, and Rachel Blackman; 4. Agriculture and Nutrition Linkages: Old Lessons and New Paradigms / Corinna Hawkes and Marie T. Ruel; 5. Agriculture, Food Safety, and Foodborne Diseases / Ewen C. D. Todd and Clare Narrod; 6. Agriculture, Malaria, and Water-Associated Diseases / Clifford M. Mute...

  19. Asian Agricultural Research is indexed by CABI,CSA Illumina,AGE and other famous databases in many countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Through the joint efforts of editorial staff and multitudinous readers, Asian Agricultural Research eventually passes the extremely strict appraisal, to be indexed by CABI’s full text repository. CABI is globally acclaimed as one of the most author-itative and prestigious abstract data bases concerning agriculture and forestry. Since inception of publication, Asian Agri-cultural Research has also been indexed by AGE Database, Naresuan University Library, Rural Development Foundation of India, Royal Tropical Institute and CSA Illumina.

  20. Asian Agricultural Research is indexed by CABI, CSA Illumina, AGE and other famous databases in many countries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>Through the joint efforts of editorial staff and multitudinous readers, Asian Agricultural Research eventually passes the extremely strict appraisal, to be indexed by CABI’s full text repository. CABI is globally acclaimed as one of the most authoritative and prestigious abstract data bases concerning agriculture and forestry. Since inception of publication, Asian Agricultural Research has also been indexed by AGE Database, Naresuan University Library, Rural Development Foundation of India, Royal Tropical Institute and CSA lllumina.

  1. ~PEKING UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Type of Company: Government institution. New Preparartions and Late-Model Drug Delivery System Technical Plaform of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a national technical plaform for developing new and important drugs. The person in charge for the platform is a pharmaceutical science professor of Peking University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The plaform selects the following as the main research areas: late-model carrier drug delivery system, biotechnological drug delivery system, mucous and transdermal drug delivery system, oral controlled-release drug delivery system, and four corresponding research teams are set up to study in depth the main problems and key issues.

  2. Journal of Agricultural Extension http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/jae.v18i2 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. MADUKWE

    Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan,. Ibadan ... information was family members and radio and not through extension agents. ... Nigeria, China, Syria, Guinea, Japan, Saudi Arabia, India, Sierra.

  3. 7 CFR 1945.18 - United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Agriculture Council (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Agriculture Council (FAC). 1945.18 Section 1945.18 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE...

  4. Importance and Capability of Teaching Agricultural Mechanics as Perceived by Secondary Agricultural Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shultz, Matthew J.; Anderson, Ryan G.; Shultz, Alyx M.; Paulsen, Thomas H.

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural mechanics instruction is a long-standing and significant part of secondary agricultural education. Similar to the broader agricultural industry, agricultural mechanics instruction is in a constant state of dynamic change. Educators must be proactive to ensure agricultural mechanics curriculum retains its relevance within this changing…

  5. Does Agricultural Mechanics Laboratory Size Affect Agricultural Education Teachers' Job Satisfaction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrd, Alex Preston; Anderson, Ryan G.; Paulsen, Thomas H.

    2015-01-01

    Secondary agricultural education teachers were surveyed to examine if a relationship existed between the physical attributes of agricultural mechanics laboratories and agricultural education teachers' enjoyment of teaching agricultural mechanics. Teachers also indicated their competence to teach courses other than agricultural mechanics within the…

  6. Agricultural Trainees' and Extension Personnel's Attitudes toward HIV/AIDS: Implications for Extension Service Delivery in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladebo, Olugbenga Jelil

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the public stereotypes of HIV-positive persons and the relationship with knowledge about the disease. 164 extension personnel and a convenience sample of 250 undergraduate students from an Agricultural Development Programme and an Agricultural University respectively, were interviewed for the study. Both institutions were…

  7. University employees recognized for communications excellence

    OpenAIRE

    Greiner, Lori A.

    2007-01-01

    Eight employees in the Virginia Tech Office of University Relations and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences received awards at the Association for Communications Excellence (ACE) conference. The 2007 ACE International Conference was held in Albuquerque, NM on June 16-19.

  8. The University of California,Berkeley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2007-01-01

    The roots of the University of California go back to the gold rush days of 1849,when the drafters of the State Constitution,a group of vigorous and farsighted people,required the legislature to "encourage by all suitable means the promotion of intellectual,scientific,moral and agricultural improvement"of the people of California.These early

  9. Agriculture, development, and urban bias

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezemer, Dirk; Headey, Derek

    Throughout history, agriculture-led development strategies with state support programs have been essential to achieving rapid economy-wide growth, poverty reduction, and structural transformation. Yet over the last three decades, the domestic and international policy environments have continued to

  10. Hemp as an Agricultural Commodity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-07-08

    hemp oil , true hemp yarn, true hemp fabric, true hemp raw or processed but not spun, and true hemp raw other. 13 USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service...Poland, Romania, Canada, and India. The leading exporters of hemp oil have been the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the Republic of South

  11. Maine Agricultural Foods. Project SEED.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaulieu, Peter; Ossenfort, Pat

    This paper describes an activity-based program that teaches students in grades 4-12 about the importance of Maine agriculture in their lives. Specifically, the goal is to increase student awareness of how the foods they eat are planted, harvested, and processed. The emphasis is on crops grown in Maine such as potatoes, broccoli, peas, blueberries,…

  12. Robotics in agriculture and forestry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergerman, M.; Billingsley, J.; Reid, J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2016-01-01

    Robotics for agriculture and forestry (A&F) represents the ultimate application of one of our society’s latest and most advanced innovations to its most ancient and important industries. Over the course of history, mechanization and automation increased crop output several orders of magnitude, e

  13. Internet of Things in agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdouw, C.N.; Wolfert, Jacques; Tekinerdogan, B.

    2016-01-01

    This literature review on Internet of Things (IoT) in agriculture and food, provides an overview of existing applications, enabling technologies and main challenges ahead. The results of the review show that this subject received attention by the scientific community from 2010 on and the number of p

  14. Labor, markets and agricultural production.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ploeg, van der J.D.

    1990-01-01

    Focusing on the complex and often contradictory relationships between agricultural production and markets, the author examines the micro-macro linkages between farm production, farm labour issues and the degree of autonomy or dependancy vis-a-vis markets. By comparing the case of farmers in Peru,

  15. Internet of Things in agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verdouw, C.N.; Wolfert, Jacques; Tekinerdogan, B.

    2016-01-01

    This literature review on Internet of Things (IoT) in agriculture and food, provides an overview of existing applications, enabling technologies and main challenges ahead. The results of the review show that this subject received attention by the scientific community from 2010 on and the number of

  16. Campaigns in Agricultural Extension Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaven, John W.

    A booklet designed to aid those who use agricultural campaigns in their educational and advisory programs is presented. It is pointed out that a good campaign works as a chain reaction, inciting enthusiasm among workers and planners. The five steps in a well-organized campaign are: (1) planning, (2) preparing people for their jobs, (3) producing…

  17. Income insurance in European agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meuwissen, M.P.M.; Huirne, R.B.M.; Skees, J.R.

    2003-01-01

    The agricultural risk environment in Europe is changing, for example because of WTO agreements and governments increasingly withdrawing from disaster assistance in case of catastrophic events. In this context, some form of income insurance may be a useful risk management tool for farmers. Insuring f

  18. Colonial adventures in tropical agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buelens, Frans; Frankema, Ewout

    2015-01-01

    How profitable were foreign investments in plantation agriculture in the Netherlands Indies during the late colonial era? We use a new dataset of monthly quoted stock prices and dividends of international companies at the Brussels stock exchange to estimate the returns to investment in tropical a

  19. Agriculture: access to technology limited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    From country to country and even regionally, the roles of women in agriculture vary, but most of their labor is in unpaid subsistence production and their contributions tend to be underestimated, according to the results of the [UN] Secretary-General's report. Depending on circumstances, they have complementary roles with men, sharing or dividing tasks in the production of crops, care of animals, and forestry management. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, women contribute 60-80% of labor in food production for both household consumption and sale, while in Malaysia the women account for only 35% of the agricultural labor force, and in Ireland the participation rate is only 10.4%. Although women make this important amount of labor contributions to agricultural production, "development policies tend to favor export crops to earn foreign exchange and the agricultural research tends to address the improvement of production and technologies for commercial production". This results in limited access for women to technical knowledge and innovations, including irrigation, machinery, farming techniques and extension services. This is strengthened by the fact that most of the extension services target farmers who own land and can obtain credit to invest in input and technology. full text

  20. USSR Report, Agriculture, No. 1395

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    possible to obtain wheat with an increased gluten content. For example, it is extremely effective to apply the agricultural device recommended by...slaughterhouse byproducts. The combine treated them until the ESSR Meat and Dairy Products Ministry forbade it. Yet it is not sensible to