WorldWideScience

Sample records for agricultural markets

  1. Agricultural Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helt, Lawrence; And Others

    Designed for use in farm business management adult programs, this marketing curriculum includes six teaching lessons and professional staff products. The following topics are covered in the lessons: introduction to marketing; interpretation of price/demand/supply cycles and fundamental outlook trends (carryover/projections/disappearance); farmers'…

  2. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  3. Theme: Marketing Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staller, Bernie L.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Consists of six articles on marketing agricultural education. Topics include (1) being consumer conscious, (2) cooperating with agribusiness, (3) preparing students for postsecondary education, (4) allowing concurrent enrollments, (5) saving the failing agricultural program, and (6) refocusing the curriculum toward agrimarketing. (CH)

  4. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally competitive production system in terms of cost and quality. Cooperatives seem to be well positioned to coordinate product differentiation at the farm level and to integrate forward into value added processing activities.. Indian agriculture can be balanced and made efficient through proper and better management practices. The present study brings out past and present scenario of agricultural marketing prevailing in India, its challenges and future recommendations. Moreover the opportunities provide by agricultural marketing should be tapped effectively by the marketers.

  5. Introduction to Agricultural Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Futrell, Gene; And Others

    This marketing unit focuses on the importance of forecasting in order for a farm family to develop marketing plans. It describes sources of information and includes a glossary of marketing terms and exercises using both fundamental and technical methods to predict prices in order to improve forecasting ability. The unit is organized in the…

  6. Agricultural marketing in Belgium and The Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    M.T.G. Meulenberg; Viaene, J.

    1993-01-01

    Agriculture in Belgium and the Netherlands has a strong export tradition and has been market oriented for a long time. In this article agricultural markeling in Belgium and the Netherlands is analyzed on the basis of the concepts structure, conduct and performance. In our review of market structure attention is paid to the structure of agriculture, the food consumer, food retailing, government policies, competition and marketing channels. Afterwards market conduct with respect to product, pri...

  7. STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SYSTEM IN INDIA

    OpenAIRE

    Patil, Tushar

    2010-01-01

    The conceptual theory of agriculture marketing encompasses the fields of operations, marketing and agricultural economics. It provides an array of options to explore the linkages between the producers, traders and buyers of the markets. As efficient, integrated, and responsive marketing systems form the core of economic development, it is of critical importance for optimal use of resources and to stimulate farmers to increase their output. The approaches used for studying the agricultural ...

  8. THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES IN MARKETING WHEAT

    OpenAIRE

    Jirik, Mark A.; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L.; Jackson, Thomas E.; Martines-Filho, Joao Gomes

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of agricultural market advisory services in marketing wheat. Two key performance questions are addressed: 1) Do market advisory services, on average, outperform an appropriate wheat market benchmark? and 2) Do market advisory services exhibit persistence in their wheat performance from year-to-year? Market advisory service recommendations for wheat are available from the AgMAS Project for the 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998 marketing years...

  9. Marketing margins and agricultural technology in Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman

    2000-01-01

    Improvements in agricultural productivity and reductions in marketing costs in Mozambique are analysed using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The model incorporates detailed marketing margins and separates household demand for marketed and home-produced goods. Individual simulations...... of improved agricultural technology and lower marketing margins yield welfare gains across the economy. In addition, a combined scenario reveals significant synergy effects, as gains exceed the sum of gains from the individual scenarios. Relative welfare improvements are higher for poor rural households...

  10. Agricultural marketing in Belgium and The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulenberg, M.T.G.; Viaene, J.

    1993-01-01

    Agriculture in Belgium and the Netherlands has a strong export tradition and has been market oriented for a long time. In this article agricultural markeling in Belgium and the Netherlands is analyzed on the basis of the concepts structure, conduct and performance. In our review of market structure

  11. 7 CFR 2.79 - Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. 2.79... for Marketing and Regulatory Programs § 2.79 Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. (a... the Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service: (1) Exercise the functions of the Secretary...

  12. New areas in agricultural and food marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1997-01-01

    of the laws of economics that growth in markets for food products, if any, is not in terms of quantity, but in terms of value. - Most industrialised economies are characterised by an oversupply of agricultural products. - A global tendency towards deregulation, decrease of government subsidies to producers...

  13. Agricultural Processing and Marketing. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA.

    A vocational guidance project was conducted in Virginia to identify a valid list of tasks/competencies for three levels of agricultural processing and marketing (AG-PAM) courses for secondary students. These competencies were then to be presented in a competency-based instructional resource guide for such courses. The project developers followed…

  14. Post-Secondary Education in Agricultural Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtis, Paul E.; Henebry, William J.

    1970-01-01

    Paul Curtis is Lead Instructor in Agriculture and William Henebry is Instructor in Agri-Marketing at Parkland College, Champaign, Illinois. Dr. Curtis holds a Ph.D. in agronomy from the University of Illinois where he conducted research and taught plant breeding and plant physiology. Mr. Henebry, with 23 years of experience as a grain elevator…

  15. The Network Marketing of Fresh Agricultural Products in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The paper introduced the connotation of network marketing of fresh agricultural products and analyzed the fundaments of launching the C2C marketing of fresh agricultural products in China.The fundaments mainly cover the development of e-commerce,the transformation of consumption concept,the change of life style and the features of Chinese agricultural production.The developmental status of the C2C marketing of Chinese fresh vegetables and fresh fruits is introduced and the plights,including imperfect rural network infrastructure,inadequate talents specialized in network marketing of fresh agricultural products,uneven quality of agricultural products,immature logistics system,uncertainty existed in faced by the C2C marketing of fresh agricultural products and imperfect governmental protection system,are pointed out.In the end,the developmental trend of Chinese network marketing of fresh agricultural products on the basis of C2C mode is described.

  16. Practical Significance of Basin Water Market Construction on Agricultural Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the concept of water market and the water market research in cluding both domestic market and foreign market,the system design features of water market are analyzed.The features include the prior distribution of agricultural water right,the close construction of market structure,reasonable price of water obtaining right and water pollution-discharge right and scientific stipulation of total volume of water use and total volume of pollution drainage.The practical significances of basin water market construction on Chinese agricultural production are revealed,which clover safeguarding the safety of agricultural water;effectively alleviating agricultural drought;saving the agricultural production water and improving the quality of agricultural products.

  17. A brief essay on the financialization of agricultural commodity markets

    OpenAIRE

    Girardi, Daniele

    2012-01-01

    During the 2000s agricultural commodity derivatives markets were flooded by a “wall of money” coming from financial investors. In this essay I outline the main facts about the increasing presence and impact of financial investors in agricultural commodity markets and I discuss the main empirical works that tried to assess whether financial investors have affected agricultural prices in recent years.

  18. Correlation Analysis between Rural Tourism and Agricultural Food Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Song

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism has much economic benefits, the development of rural tourism can fully utilize rural natural resources, optimizing the agricultural structure and expanding agricultural function. In this study, we make correlation analysis between rural tourism and agricultural food marketing by using time series model. The result shows that: First, rural tourism development will promote the agricultural food marketing in short time, but this effect will reduce gradually in the long time. Second, rural tourism is the granger reason to agricultural food marketing and there exist a long-term equilibrium relationship between them. From the VAR model, we can get that rural tourism will promote agricultural food marketing growth. LnRT at lag 1 period increased 1% can drive LnFPI growth by 0.48%; LnRT at lag 2 period increased 1% can drive LnFPI growth by 0.2%, so the effect of rural tourism on agricultural food marketing is obvious.

  19. INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL MARKET FORMATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Revenko

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article considers institutional aspects of the organized agricultural market formation process. Theoretical base to distinguish institute and institutes is given. In order to find out main influential institutes of the “organization” phenomenon author analyses Ukrainian institutional environment that is under construction process. Author considers main processes which are running during the organized market formation. Author researches theoretical approaches to the institutional staff. In order to structure the most common approaches and theoretical knowledge of this problem author proposes few schemes. Author’s points of view for many questions of the organized market formation process are proposed. Researcher analyzes effectiveness of the institutes and governmental regulation of the agricultural market. Readers can find strategically new approach to the agricultural market formation policy from the governmental point of view. Essence of the socioeconomic formation of agricultural market is considered. Main factors of agriculture market formation are outlined. Agricultural market structural parts consideration systematic approach is proposed. Ineffectiveness of the agriculture market relations without regulation process is proved. The most unfavorable reasons of the agricultural market formation are determined.

  20. Mathematical Modeling and Analysis of Classified Marketing of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengying; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Classified marketing of agricultural products was analyzed using the Logistic Regression Model. This method can take full advantage of information in agricultural product database,to find factors influencing best selling degree of agricultural products,and make quantitative analysis accordingly. Using this model,it is also able to predict sales of agricultural products,and provide reference for mapping out individualized sales strategy for popularizing agricultural products.

  1. SELECTED ISSUES OF THE AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN SLOVAK REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavol Schwarcz

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Most of the agricultural land in Slovak republic is even after a 9-year period from the entry into the EU leased and this is not a different situation in comparison to the majority of the EU member states. The main focus of the paper is on the current status in the structure of the agricultural land ownership and agricultural land market. The analysis highlights the existing problems such as a high percentage of agricultural land under the state control, fragmentation of agricultural land, differences in the regulatory and institutional framework, agricultural land prices, limited possibility of acquiring agricultural land by foreigners.

  2. Bio agricultural product market in Romania and Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona BĂLĂŞESCU

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The general objectives of this paper are to obtain an overview of the present market for organic agricultural products in Europe in general, and in Romania in particular. Organic agricultural production represents a small part of Romanian agricultural production and the development potential of organic agricultural production Romania is infinitely greater than what is done today. European consumers know little about the Romanian bio agriculture and even less about the huge potential of this sector. Organic food market is growing both in Europe and in Romania due to the increased interest of consumers to live healthier and improve the quality of life.

  3. Effectiveness of marketing in management marketing activity agricultural companies

    OpenAIRE

    KUCHER O.

    2012-01-01

    Modern approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of marketing activity are investigated. The influence of marketing expenses on actualization volume of output is analyzed. A methodical approach of defining economic efficiency in marketing sales in management business is offered.

  4. Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis of agricultural futures markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He Lingyun, E-mail: lyhe@amss.ac.cn [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China); Chen Shupeng [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Highlights: > We investigated cross-correlations between China's and US agricultural futures markets. > Power-law cross-correlations are found between the geographically far but correlated markets. > Multifractal features are significant in all the markets. > Cross-correlation exponent is less than averaged GHE when q < 0 and greater than the latter when q > 0. - Abstract: We investigated geographically far but temporally correlated China's and US agricultural futures markets. We found that there exists a power-law cross-correlation between them, and that multifractal features are significant in all the markets. It is very interesting that the geographically far markets show strong cross-correlations and share much of their multifractal structure. Furthermore, we found that for all the agricultural futures markets in our studies, the cross-correlation exponent is less than the averaged generalized Hurst exponents (GHE) when q < 0 and greater than the averaged GHE when q > 0.

  5. Selection Factors for Market Subjects of Agricultural Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper firstly analyzes selection factors for market subjects of agricultural industrial development in China. From the political aspect, it is required to take account of features of subjects of agricultural industrial development at current stage. From economic aspects, we should adheres to the two-tier management system that integrates unified with separate management on the basis of household contract management in the countryside, and cultivate and foster subject enterprises according to features of most important market subjects in market economy. From natural aspects, it is proposed to consider features of agricultural industry and inherent advantages of agricultural resources in China. From social aspects, it is essential to draw on successful experience of developed countries in developing market subjects of agricultural industry.

  6. EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES ON DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN SLOVAKIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lubica RUMANOVSKÁ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the situation of the agricultural land market in Slovakia and in selected region of the SR – Nitra region, on the application and development of agricultural land prices in Slovakia and on the factors that influence the decisions of agricultural enterprises on the market with agricultural land. In this paper were used primary data obtained with interview method realized within the research of Department of European policies, Slovak University of Agriculture during the period 2012 – 2013 in all districts of region Nitra. The evaluation of the impact of agricultural subject on agricultural land market in Slovakia was realized by using the method of regression analysis. Based on the results from the research we can state that entrepreneurs still prefer more to rent land then to purchase a land. The main factors influencing the decision-making process of agricultural subjects are ownership fragmentation, the fragmentation of agricultural plots and business's financial situation and profitability of the purchase. Many entrepreneurs pointed to this indicator as one of the most influential in terms of increasing the market price, respectively as a reason for not signing the lease agreement. The agricultural land market in Slovakia is emerging but still not sufficiently transparent. Further development of the market will continue to be marked by the overall economic situation in agriculture, relatively low competitiveness of Slovak farmers in the European market and reduced profitability. Research showed that the most pronounced effect on the price of agricultural land and the amount of rent for agricultural land has the number of enterprises. Growing number of farms will increase the price or amount of rent for agricultural land.

  7. Agricultural Marketing. Farmers' Marketing Practices and Programs To Teach Alternative Practices. Briefing Report to Congressional Committees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    This report describes a General Accounting Office study of farmers' marketing practices. The report specifically discusses farmers' use of the three advanced marketing techniques--cash forward contracting, hedging in the futures market, and trading in agricultural options--as disclosed in nine studies of farmers' marketing practices made from 1976…

  8. Are we moving towards functioning agricultural markets and trade relations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brosig, Stephan; Glauben, Thomas; Levkovych, Inna

    2016-01-01

    economies and related concerns regarding food security. We argue that the delineation of non-functioning markets from markets that adequately adjusted to adverse framework conditions lacks theoretical foundation. We discuss the relevance of some results on institutions for agricultural markets in emerging......We introduce a special feature on the functioning of international agricultural markets. This feature is motivated by the increased interest in the functioning of commodity markets raised by unprecedented price turbulences since 2008, major structural changes through changed roles of emerging...... and transition countries. A synthesis of the articles included in the special feature is provided by highlighting the selection of topics that span a topical range covering price formation on world and domestic markets, market power and trade policy modelling....

  9. Globalization and internationalization of world food and agricultural product markets

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhyt, Arnabol; Nurgazina, Gulmira

    2014-01-01

    Interpretation of globalization and internalization influence on the world food and agricultural product markets is examined in the article. Moreover, the global problem of food safety is also examined.

  10. Chinese agriculture:US' market and rival as well?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ As Chinese economy sees a rapid development great changes are taking place in Chinese rural areas. Experts believe that China is a huge market for American agricultural products as well as a rival of Americ an farmers in the international market.

  11. Marketing and Distributive Education Curriculum Guide for Agricultural Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale. Dept. of Vocational Education Studies.

    This curriculum guide provides curriculum coordinators with a basis for planning a comprehensive program in the career field of marketing agricultural services and allows marketing and distributive education teachers maximum flexibility. Introductory materials include information on use of the guide, information on careers in agricultural…

  12. Agricultural Contracts and Alternative Marketing Options: A Matching Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Katchova, Ani L.

    2010-01-01

    The increasing use of agricultural contracts and processor concentration raises concerns that processors may offer lower contract prices in absence of competition from other local contractors and spot markets. This study examines the price competitiveness of marketing and production contracts depending on the availability of alternative marketing options. A propensity score matching method is used to compare prices using contract data from a farm-level national survey. The results show that t...

  13. Use Of Instruments For Environmental Marketing In Economic Activity Of Agricultural Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Oleksiy Shkuratov; Irina Voronetska

    2012-01-01

    Improved marketing mechanism of agricultural enterprise through the introduction of environmental marketing. Grounded place, tasks and functions of environmental marketing in integrated environmental and economic management.

  14. What makes organic agriculture move: protest, meaning or market?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrøe, Hugo; Noe, Egon

    2008-01-01

    Many different actors have hopes and aspirations for the future of organic agriculture. They have different perspectives on organic agriculture with different understandings of what it is and what makes it move. Each perspective entails a certain understanding of organic agriculture featuring...... certain concepts and values and a particular logic or rationality. It is important to acknowledge this heterogeneity when investigating the dynamics and governance of organic agriculture. We suggest a polyocular approach that facilitates a comprehensive and balanced understanding of organic agriculture...... by enabling us to handle different perspectives reflexively. To illustrate this approach we describe three significant perspectives on organic agriculture based on protest, meaning and market. No perspective is the 'right' one and we claim, different perspectives on organic agriculture cannot be merged to one...

  15. Marketing Agricultural Products. Curriculum Guide Developed for Secondary and Post Secondary Agriculture Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, W. Wade; And Others

    This curriculum guide can be used by secondary and postsecondary agriculture instructors for a semester course in marketing agricultural products or individual units can be incorporated in other courses. The curriculum guide consists of six units of study made up of two to eight lessons each. The units cover the following topics: (1) marketing…

  16. Obstacles to Development of Marketing Channels of Agricultural Products in China and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Chun-mei

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the connotation of marketing channels of agricultural products, and gives an overall of current modes of marketing channels of agricultural products in China, including the marketing channel of transportation and sale of agricultural products, the marketing channel of intermediary sales agent, and the marketing channel of mutual cooperation. The problems existing in the marketing channel of agricultural products in China as follows, first, the cost is high; second, the t...

  17. Agricultural Marketing. Student Reference. Volume 12, Number 10. Agdex 810, Catalog Number AG-81-S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denker, Robert

    This student guide in agricultural marketing is designed to accompany the lessons in the curriculum unit, "Instructor's Guide in Agricultural Marketing" (CE 025 683). There are six sections in the student guide: (1) Introduction to Marketing; (2) Marketing Cash Grains; (3) Marketing Grain with a Protected Price; (4) Marketing Cash Livestock; (5)…

  18. The Home Market Effect in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Luminita Sarbovan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The most debated economic paradox refers to the positive and negative effects of most of the economic activities; these antagonist sides become in business production factors because they are holding costs. The aggregated effects of human activity surpass the firm or corporate borders, becoming prices paid by consumers, or in the situation of larger social costs, burdens for the tax payers. Some polluting effects of production, consumption and services, such as global heating, the carbon-dioxide emissions, wars, epidemics, malnutrition, obesity, became lately global critical problems for all nations and international organisms. The question remains weather governors will better administrate current crisis focusing on domestic, continental or global markets mechanisms, taking in consideration their particularities.

  19. Labour markets for irrigated agriculture in central Ethiopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wendimu, Mengistu Assefa; Gibbon, Peter

    Labour market segmentation in developing countries has been considered in a growing literature, some of which suggests an informal sector wage premium. However, such studies have mainly focused on urban labour markets and have not discriminated between the informally self-employed and wage workers....... This paper examines segmentation in rural markets for agricultural wage workers in Ethiopia, controlling for location, farming systems and observed worker characteristics. Applying an endogenous switching model with simultaneous estimation of wage equations it establishes an informal sector wage premium...

  20. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Nuray Kızılaslan; Tayfur Ünal

    2015-01-01

    Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricul...

  1. Dynamic Decision Making in Agricultural Futures and Options Markets?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mattos, F.; Garcia, P.; Pennings, J.M.E.

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates the dynamics of sequential decision-making in agricultural futures and options markets. Analysis of trading records of 12 traders identified considerable heterogeneity in individual dynamic trading behavior. Using risk measures derived from the deltas and vegas of traderâ¿¿s

  2. Infusing Commodity Marketing into the Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northeast Arkansas Educational Cooperative, Strawberry.

    A project was conducted in Arkansas to infuse commodity marketing content into the agriculture curriculum. Thirty-three schools were selected to participate in the program; teachers from those schools attended a 2-day inservice program presented by a state coordinator for the project. The state coordinator also provided supervision and technical…

  3. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Agricultural Sales and Marketing Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended to serve as a guide for work force preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in jobs in agricultural sales and marketing. Agency partners involved in this project include: the Illinois State Board of Education, Illinois Community…

  4. Correlation between agricultural markets in dynamic perspective-Evidence from China and the US futures markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Rui-Lin; Wang, Dong-Hua; Tu, Jing-Qing; Li, Sai-Ping

    2016-12-01

    Emerging as the earliest futures markets, agricultural futures markets play an important role in risk aversion and price discovery. With the integration of global economy, the linkage between domestic and international futures markets becomes closer than ever. By using the thermal optimal path (TOP) method, this paper selects soybean, corn and wheat as the representatives to study the dynamic lead-lag relationship between the Chinese and American markets in both returns and volatility. The results indicate that: (1) For the futures return, different kinds of agricultural futures lead-lag relationship between China and the US varied before 2014 both in direction and order in different time periods. However, China leads the US for all the three kinds we study after 2014. (2) Agricultural commodities subject to less import restrictions and government regulations in China such as soybean are more susceptible to the fluctuations from the international markets. On the other hand, lower foreign trade openness and more government regulation species such as wheat are less affected by fluctuations from outside. (3) The volatility transmission from the US to China wheat futures market takes longer time than soybean, which suggests that China's soybean futures market is more closely linked to the international agricultural futures market than wheat.

  5. 29 CFR 780.116 - Commodities included by reference to the Agricultural Marketing Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Commodities § 780.116 Commodities included by reference to the Agricultural Marketing Act. (a) Section 3(f... defined as agricultural commodities in section 15(g) of the Agricultural Marketing Act, as amended (12 U.S...) of the Agricultural Marketing Act is that derived from a living tree, the production of...

  6. Economic Analysis on Protection of Farmers’ Benefits Based on Market of Agricultural Means of Production and Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    De; CHEN; Dongmei; XIANG; Shengping; SHI

    2013-01-01

    Influenced by many factors,farmers remain very unfavorable position in market transaction and thus fail to ensure their reasonable benefits.In accordance with basic theory of microeconomics,this paper analyzes mutual relation between market of agricultural means of production and agricultural product market,compares economic decisions of agricultural means of production enterprises and agricultural product circulation service providers in monopoly condition and perfect competitive market,expounds influence of monopoly position of agricultural means of production enterprises and agricultural products service providers on economic benefits of farmers,and elaborates weak position and economic damage of farmers in transaction with various economic entities.Through analysis,it further recognizes necessity for protection of farmers’benefits and puts forward corresponding countermeasures:(1)regulating providers of agricultural means of production;(2)strengthening construction of agricultural product market circulation system;(3)improving organization of farmers;(4)setting up and improving production subsidy system of farmers.

  7. Obstacles to Development of Marketing Channels of Agricultural Products in China and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the connotation of marketing channels of agricultural products, and gives an overall of current modes of marketing channels of agricultural products in China, including the marketing channel of transportation and sale of agricultural products, the marketing channel of intermediary sales agent, and the marketing channel of mutual cooperation. The problems existing in the marketing channel of agricultural products in China as follows: first, the cost is high; second, the technological content is low; third, the upstream main body lacks competitiveness; fourth, the structure of investment is irrational. Corresponding countermeasures are put forward to develop marketing channels of agricultural products as follows: perfect the service function of wholesale market of agricultural products; propel the construction of integration and expansion of wholesale market; develop the circulation cooperatives of agricultural products; develop the integrated organization of production and sales of agricultural products.

  8. Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

    These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

  9. Disasters and development in agricultural input markets: bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainville, Denise Y

    2003-06-01

    The bulk of developing countries' populations and poor depend on agriculture for food and income. While rural economies and people are generally the most severely affected by natural disasters, little is known about how disasters and subsequent relief activities affect agricultural markets with differing levels of development. The article addresses this gap, drawing evidence from bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch. Case studies are used to address hypotheses about a disaster's effects on supply and demand in seed markets, farmers' responses and the performance of relief interventions in markets showing differing levels of development. The results show the importance of tailoring relief interventions to the markets that they will affect and to the specific effects of a disaster; the potential to use local and emerging seed distribution channels in a relief intervention; and opportunities for relief activities to strengthen community seed systems.

  10. Lemon Effect of Green Agricultural Products and Its Marketing Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The paper introduces the lemon effect of green agricultural products,analyzes the formation reasons of the lemon effect of green agricul-tural products and summarizes problems brought by the effect,such as malicious deception and high price.The paper proposes countermeasures toavoid the lemon effect of green agricultural products from a perspective of marketing.The first is to strengthen the quality supervision of green agri-cultural products,upgrade the quality of products,and build up branded products.The government should foster the main body of the products andguide the main body to realize the importance of brand construction and management.The second is to construct a sales channel system of greenagricultural products,making use of the trading center of modern green agricultural products to sell products,developing a long term partnershipwith processing industries,big supermarket and restaurants,making use of internet and selling products online and offline.The third is to propagatethe products.Make a good use of advertisement,personal sales,propagation and public relations to accelerate the healthy development of greenagricultural market.

  11. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabraal, A.; Delasanta, D.; Rosen, J.; Nolfi, J.; Ulmer, R.

    1981-01-01

    Agricultural sector PV market assessments conducted in the Phillippines, Nigeria, Mexico, Morocco, and Colombia are extrapolated worldwide. The types of applications evaluated are those requiring less than 15 kW of power and operate in a stand alone mode. The major conclusions were as follows: PV will be competitive in applications requiring 2 to 3 kW of power prior to 1983; by 1986 PV system competitiveness will extend to applications requiring 4 to 6 kW of power, due to capital constraints, the private sector market may be restricted to applications requiring less than about 2 kW of power; the ultimate purchase of larger systems will be governments, either through direct purchase or loans from development banks. Though fragmented, a significant agriculture sector market for PV exists; however, the market for PV in telecommunications, signalling, rural services, and TV will be larger. Major market related factors influencing the potential for U.S. PV Sales are: lack of awareness; high first costs; shortage of long term capital; competition from German, French and Japanese companies who have government support; and low fuel prices in capital surplus countries. Strategies that may aid in overcoming some of these problems are: setting up of a trade association aimed at overcoming problems due to lack of awareness, innovative financing schemes such as lease arrangements, and designing products to match current user needs as opposed to attempting to change consumer behavior.

  12. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabraal, A.; Delasanta, D.; Rosen, J.; Nolfi, J.; Ulmer, R.

    1981-11-01

    Agricultural sector PV market assessments conducted in the Phillippines, Nigeria, Mexico, Morocco, and Colombia are extrapolated worldwide. The types of applications evaluated are those requiring less than 15 kW of power and operate in a stand alone mode. The major conclusions were as follows: PV will be competitive in applications requiring 2 to 3 kW of power prior to 1983; by 1986 PV system competitiveness will extend to applications requiring 4 to 6 kW of power, due to capital constraints, the private sector market may be restricted to applications requiring less than about 2 kW of power; the ultimate purchase of larger systems will be governments, either through direct purchase or loans from development banks. Though fragmented, a significant agriculture sector market for PV exists; however, the market for PV in telecommunications, signalling, rural services, and TV will be larger. Major market related factors influencing the potential for U.S. PV Sales are: lack of awareness; high first costs; shortage of long term capital; competition from German, French and Japanese companies who have government support; and low fuel prices in capital surplus countries. Strategies that may aid in overcoming some of these problems are: setting up of a trade association aimed at overcoming problems due to lack of awareness, innovative financing schemes such as lease arrangements, and designing products to match current user needs as opposed to attempting to change consumer behavior.

  13. Will EU Biofuel Policies affect Global Agricultural Markets?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banse, M.; Vvan Meijl, H.; Tabeau, A.; Woltjer, G.

    2008-04-15

    This paper assesses the global and sectoral implications of the European Union Biofuels Directive (BFD) in a multi-region computable general equilibrium framework with endogenous determination of land supply. The results show that, without mandatory blending policies or subsidies to stimulate the use of biofuel crops in the petroleum sector, the targets of the BFD will not be met in 2010 and 2020. With a mandatory blending policy, the enhanced demand for biofuel crops has a strong impact on agriculture at the global and European levels. The additional demand from the energy sector leads to an increase in global land use and, ultimately, a decrease in biodiversity. The development, on the other hand, might slow or reverse the long-term process of declining real agricultural prices. Moreover, assuming a further liberalization of the European agricultural market imports of biofuels are expected to increase to more than 50% of the total biofuel demand in Europe.

  14. The Way to Cultivate Characteristic Talents Majoring in Marketing in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Li

    2012-01-01

    In face of modern enterprises’ picky needs for marketing talents, the majority of graduates majoring in marketing from agricultural universities and colleges are often criticized due to old marketing concept, mediocre expertise, lack of practical ability and lack of communication skills in the process of searching job. It exposes the flaws of agricultural universities and colleges in training objectives of marketing talents, curriculum setting, features, teachers and their quality. The marketing education should serve the marketing practice needs, and the training mode and training way of marketing talents in agricultural universities and colleges need to be urgently reformed and improved. To satisfy the needs of enterprises, it is necessary to establish modern educational thought of marketing and training philosophy of application-based marketing talents; position the majors to highlight the characteristics of agricultural universities and colleges, cultivate all-around, application-based, inter-disciplinary marketing talents and explore new ways to cultivate agricultural marketing talents.

  15. Study of future world markets for agricultural aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gobetz, F. W.; Assarabowski, R. J.

    1979-01-01

    The future world market for US-manufactured agricultural aircraft was studied and the technology needs for foreign markets were identified. Special emphasis was placed on the developing country market, but the developed countries and the communist group were also included in the forecasts. Aircraft needs were projected to the year 2000 by a method which accounted for field size, crop production, treated area, productivity, and attrition of the fleet. A special scenario involving a significant shift toward aerial fertilization was also considered. An operations analysis was conducted to compare the relative application costs of various existing and hypothetical future aircraft. A case study was made of Colombia as an example of a developing country in which aviation is emerging as an important industry.

  16. Mass of agricultural tractors available in the brazilian market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Solis Estrada

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Currently, manufacturers of agricultural tractors offer to farmers a diversity of brands, models, and settings for the most diverse agricultural operations. In this sense, the relation mass/power of tractor influences directly in the performance of these operations. The objective of this research was to study the agricultural wheel tractors marketed in Brazil in relation to their mass, in order to obtain current data to help their selection and proper use. The research involved 145 agricultural tractors models of eight different brands, including 2WD, MFWD and 4WD versions. The variables mass without ballast, relation mass/power for the different brands, type of traction and tractor power were analyzed separately. Tractor power was classified in: Class I (150kW, according to the rated engine power declared by the manufacturer. Statistical analyses used were the t-Student and Tukey tests. The most number of tractors belongs to Class II and are considered versatile due to their mass/power relation, and can be used in the most diverse agricultural operations. From these analyses it was detected the mass/power relation decreases when the rated engine power increases.

  17. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Kızılaslan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricultural marketing, it provides convenience at marketing products of agro-related industries agencies and producers and all country will have a potential market position. In this study, possibilities offered by e-commerce to the agricultural sector, opportunities, threats, deficiencies and contributions to agricultural sector have been addressed. Without the limitations of place and time via the internet and computers, establishing national and international supply and demand balance of e-commerce seems to play important roles in maintaining an active and alive marketing. Furthermore, it is an important tool in reducing agricultural marketing problems.

  18. Research on the Legal Regulation of Market Access for Agricultural Products in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining the concept of market access for agricultural products,this paper analyzes the necessity of establishing market access system of agricultural products,proposes the conception of establishing market access system of agricultural products in China;sets up the frame of market access system of agricultural products;analyzes the rationality of the frame of market access system of agricultural products;poses the consideration of economic law regarding setup of market access system of agricultural products.This paper also puts forward the legislative suggestions for establishing market access system of agricultural products as follows:establish the frame of market access system of agricultural products taking quality access as core;establish and perfect the compensation and relief system of guaranteeing benefit of manager and producers;establish the market access system of agricultural products with hierarchical structure;sort out existing laws and form the sound the legal frame of market access system of agricultural products.

  19. Consumer Behavior Analysis under the "Lemon Dilemma" in the Market of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the introduction of the connotation of "lemon market" and the phenomenon of "lemon" in the market of agricultural products,the consumers’ behaviors in the "lemon market" of agricultural products are analyzed.Firstly,consumers feel unfair in their minds in the process of negotiation;secondly,the purchase decision rule tends to be simplified in the "lemon market" of agricultural products;thirdly,the consumers tend to follow the masses in the "lemon market" of agricultural products.The economics significance of the impact of "lemon dilemma" of agricultural products on consumers is analyzed.The causes of the impact are analyzed from two aspects the uncertainty of collecting the information of agricultural information and the uncertainty of using the agricultural information.The suggestions and countermeasures are put forward in order to solve the "lemon" problems in agricultural market.In the first place,the excellent mechanism for producing the information of agricultural products should be constructed;in the second place,the government should encourage the multi-channel,multi-form and multi-level operation mode of agricultural products,to promote the optimization of market functions;in the third place,the government should widen the channel of information dissemination for agricultural products and establish the high efficiency feedback path;in the fourth place,the traditional thought pattern of consumers should be changed,so as to promote the healthy,orderly and benign development of agricultural products market.

  20. Performance of African Agricultural Exports and External Market Access Conditions under International Trade Reforms

    OpenAIRE

    Nyangito, Hezron Omare

    2004-01-01

    Sub Saharan African agriculture is currently facing challenges in international trade with respect to external market access conditions and competition in world markets as a result of trade liberalization efforts under the world trade organization (WTO) agreements and in particular the agreement on agriculture (AoA). This paper presents the performance of agricultural exports for selected countries and indicates external market barriers faced and the resulting implications of the barriers on ...

  1. Three essays on agricultural price volatility and the linkages between agricultural and energy markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Feng

    This dissertation contains three essays. In the first essay I use a volatility spillover model to find evidence of significant spillovers from crude oil prices to corn cash and futures prices, and that these spillover effects are time-varying. Results reveal that corn markets have become much more connected to crude oil markets after the introduction of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Furthermore, crude oil prices transmit positive volatility spillovers into corn prices and movements in corn prices become more energy-driven as the ethanol gasoline consumption ratio increases. Based on this strong volatility link between crude oil and corn prices, a new cross hedging strategy for managing corn price risk using oil futures is examined and its performance studied. Results show that this cross hedging strategy provides only slightly better hedging performance compared to traditional hedging in corn futures markets alone. The implication is that hedging corn price risk in corn futures markets alone can still provide relatively satisfactory performance in the biofuel era. The second essay studies the spillover effect of biofuel policy on participation in the Conservation Reserve Program. Landowners' participation decisions are modeled using a real options framework. A novel aspect of the model is that it captures the structural change in agriculture caused by rising biofuel production. The resulting model is used to simulate the spillover effect under various conditions. In particular, I simulate how increased growth in agricultural returns, persistence of the biofuel production boom, and the volatility surrounding agricultural returns, affect conservation program participation decisions. Policy implications of these results are also discussed. The third essay proposes a methodology to construct a risk-adjusted implied volatility measure that removes the forecasting bias of the model-free implied volatility measure. The risk adjustment is based on a closed

  2. Research on the Performance Evaluation and Advancing Path of Henan Agricultural Products E-marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingqiang; PAN

    2013-01-01

    Given that the traditional marketing management of agricultural products has been unable to meet the diversified demands of market, and the network has been applied to the marketing field of agricultural products,the research on the performance evaluation and advancing path of Henan agricultural products E-marketing is more important than before. Based on current problems of Henan agricultural products E-marketing,a system of performance evaluation is established,which covers website building and maintenance and other four first-class indexes as well as profit ratio of sales and other thirteen second-class indexes,and then the system is evaluated by comprehensive evaluation method. Meanwhile,it is explored to discuss how to further advance Henan agricultural products E-marketing.

  3. A Competitive Analysis on the Agricultural Products of China and Thailand in the U. S. Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Aiping; YAO; Liping; WAN

    2014-01-01

    This paper selects China and Thailand as a reference object. Based on the U. S. market,it analyzes the export competitiveness of the agricultural products of China and Thailand by market share and growth rate,measures the agricultural products of China and Thailand export competition degree by export product similarity index and estimates the agricultural products of China and Thailand export competitiveness strength by shift share method. The results show that: At present,in the U. S. market,the competition of the agricultural products of China and Thailand is fierce,but export growth of China’s agricultural products is faster and more competitive. Finally on how to further improve China’s agricultural exports competitiveness in the U. S. market and promote China’s agricultural export trade to the U. S. it puts forward the related countermeasures and suggestions.

  4. Evaluation on Core Competitiveness of Wholesale Market of Agricultural Products Based on CWAA Operator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to relevant data,we select five indices,namely management ability,organization and management capability,enterprise culture,development ability and technical equipment ability,to establish the index system of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products.Based on combination weight arithmetic average(CWAA) operator,we advance an evaluation model of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products which involves participation of many people.By inviting five exerts,we conduct evaluation in terms of management ability of wholesale market of agricultural products,organization and management capability of leadership,enterprise culture of wholesale market of agricultural products,future development ability of wholesale market of agricultural products,and exiting technical equipment ability of wholesale market of agricultural products.We adopt hundred-mark system to grade and evaluate core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products.The results show that the experts’ evaluation score of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products is high.The evaluation result is reasonable and authentic and this model is feasible.

  5. Status and Countermeasures for the Green Marketing of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Yinchuan City, China

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Ling-xiang

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview and characteristics of agricultural products processing enterprises in Yinchuan City, green marketing status of agricultural products processing enterprises in Yinchuan City is introduced from the aspects of product strategy, pricing strategy, distribution strategy and promotion strategy. Problems in the green marketing of agricultural products processing enterprises are analyzed, such as the obvious contradiction between the processing demand and the raw materials, low ...

  6. Marketing in the pre-development process of agricultural machines: a reference model

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Alexandre S.; Dallmeyer,Arno U.; Romano,Leonardo N.

    2012-01-01

    The theme of the research is the development of the domain of marketing knowledge in the design of agricultural machinery. It is developed throughout the design of agricultural machinery in order to identify the corporate and customers needs and to develop strategies to satisfy these needs. The central problem of the research questions which marketing tools to apply on pre-development process of farm machinery, in order to increase the market value of the products and of the company and, cons...

  7. AGRICULTURAL, AGRIBUSINESS, AND INTERNATIONAL MARKETING COURSES IN UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULA: ISSUES AND IDEAS

    OpenAIRE

    Wysocki, Allen F.; Fairchild, Gary F.; Weldon, Richard N.; Biere, Arlo W.; Fulton, Joan R.; McIntosh, Christopher S.

    2003-01-01

    Agricultural marketing courses cover a broad spectrum of topics and issues. Undergraduate committees, program coordinators, and marketing-oriented faculty struggle with the appropriate number and content of marketing course offerings. Curricula issues are discussed from the perspectives of three agricultural economics departments. Size, expertise, interests, and pedagogic philosophy assist in determining the number, mix, and content of courses. Solving these problems includes modulization and...

  8. Land Market and Price of the Agricultural Land after the End of the Transitional Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dirgasová Katarína

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available After the end of the transition period for the purchase of the agricultural land by foreigners, the legislation regulating the acquisition of the agricultural land was adopted for the purpose of harmonization of the Slovak legislation with the legislation of the European Union. The Law no. 140/2014 Coll. on the acquisition of ownership to the agricultural land and amending and supplementing determines the subjects that are legitimated to acquire the ownership to the agricultural land. In addition, due to the creation of the Register of Offers of the Agricultural Land, the legislation allows the landowner to set a price on the sale of the agricultural land. In Slovakia, apart from the administrative prices and the market prices, there is a new type of prices, so-called „supply price“. The aim of the paper is to sum up the impact of the current legislation on the land market and the prices of agricultural land.

  9. Collaborative evaluation and market research converge: an innovative model agricultural development program evaluation in Southern Sudan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, John M; O'Sullivan, Rita

    2012-11-01

    In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A partnership of local officials, agricultural development staff, and students worked with the outside team to craft a survey of agricultural traders working between northern Uganda and Southern Sudan the steps approach of a collaborative model. The goal was to create a market directory of use to producers, government officials and others interested in stimulating agricultural trade. The directory of agricultural producers and distributors served as an agricultural development and promotion tool as did the collaborative process itself.

  10. An Evaluation of Farm Management and Agricultural Marketing Microcomputer-Assisted Instruction in Training Vocational Agriculture Instructors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trede, Larry D.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    A study found that there is a significant difference in student achievement when teaching farm management and agricultural marketing concepts and problem solving with microcomputer-assisted instruction as compared to the lecture-discussion teaching method; and that there is little difference in achievement when comparing teachers' knowledge and…

  11. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staples, D.; Steingass, H.; Nolfi, J.

    1981-01-01

    The market potential for stand-alone photovoltaic systems in agriculture was studied. Information is presented on technical and economically feasible applications, and assessments of the business, government and financial climate for photovoltaic sales. It is concluded that the market for stand-alone systems will be large because of the availability of captial and the high premium placed on high reliability, low maintenance power systems. Various specific applications are described, mostly related to agriculture.

  12. Development of Market Prices of Agricultural Land within the Conditions of the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Pletichová

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Market prices of agricultural land in the world have increased significantly in recent years. Important factors in regard to this trend are not only the fact that land is a basic, irreplaceable resource for the production of food and natural resources of each country, but also the fact that it is generally perceived as a favorable holder of capital, not succumbing to the effects of inflation. Market prices of agricultural land and the rent level in individual EU member countries are affected by historical development, the size structure of agricultural businesses, legislation, regulation of the land market, natural conditions and the intensity of agricultural production (e.g. the Netherlands. Market prices of agricultural land in the Czech Republic are monitored by the Czech Statistical Office (CSO, Institute for Agricultural Economics and Information (IAEI and Ministry of Agriculture (MoA, but output of the data base is not comparable within a time series 1993-2012, as institutions work with differing methodology. On the basis of the description of prices of agricultural land and regression analysis, the hypothesis that the market price of agricultural land for agricultural use in the Czech Republic is affected primarily by its quality was not confirmed. The official (administrative price is only an orientational and subsidiary tool for the determination of the market price. The development of the agricultural land market in the Czech Republic was affected by the privatization of land after 2000. According to an estimate (of the author, after the completion of privatization, and also in view of changes in tax policy, the prices of transacted land for agricultural use can decline within 3 years (2014 by up to 30%. It is probable that the demand will be focused on transactions with land for speculative and investment purposes, as, according to world trends, the average increase in value of investments in land in a time of economic crisis is

  13. EU enlargement to Turkey: potential effects on Turkey’s agricultural income and markets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fellmann, T.; Leeuwen, van M.G.A.; Salamon, P.; Koç, A.; Bölük, G.

    2012-01-01

    Turkey is officially recognized as a candidate country for EU membership and formal accession negotiations started in October 2005. Given the importance of Turkey’s agricultural sector, a Turkish accession to the EU could be expected to impact the agricultural markets in both the EU and Turkey. This

  14. Agricultural Extension Services and Market Regulation: Learning from a Comparison of Six EU Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurent, Catherine; Cerf, Marianne; Labarthe, Pierre

    2006-01-01

    If farmers are to meet the new challenges facing agriculture (environment, rural development, etc.), appropriate knowledge has to be produced. But observations in six EU countries (France, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Spain and the UK) show that unexpected problems arise when technical support for agriculture is linked to market regulation,…

  15. Collaborative Evaluation and Market Research Converge: An Innovative Model Agricultural Development Program Evaluation in Southern Sudan

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, John M.; O'Sullivan, Rita

    2012-01-01

    In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A…

  16. International economic trade partners and competitions of the Russian on world agricultural market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michail Ivanovich Maslennikov

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses common and specific problems of international trade in Russia and its regions in agricultural sector, specific situation and methods of reformation, adaptation and modernization of the national and regional agricultural complexes, its resources base on the way to globalization processes in the world, including such forms of international trade of agricultural products and formation on this base of an industrial agricultural economics plus rate of the international agricultural trade expansion. Regions of Russia are quickly developing territories with very active integration into world economy system, having high tempo of economic rate growth and adaptation of the economy to specific situation and methods of diversification of the agricultural base resources; the analysis is made on agricultural production of international trade in such countries as China, the USA, the European Union, Argentina, Canada, India and Brazil while searching for new economic partners on international agricultural market.

  17. Agricultural marketing systems and sustainability. Study of small scale Andean hillside farms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castaño, J.

    2001-01-01

    A better understanding of the way in which marketing systems can contribute to the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices (ASAP) on small-farms constitutes the aim of this study. In particular, the study examines the contribution of vertical marketing systems (

  18. Agricultural Marketing. Instructor's Guide. Volume 12, Number 9. Agdex 810, Catalog Number AG-81-I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

    This instructor's guide contains twenty lessons for teaching a curriculum unit in agricultural marketing. Each lesson includes the following instructional elements: objectives, study questions, references, teaching procedures, transparency masters, exams, and answer keys. The lessons cover the following questions: (1) What is marketing? (2) What…

  19. The management potential for the innovative development of the agricultural enterprises in the markets export

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.N. Ilchenko

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Deals with results of the management performance for agricultural enterprises related on export markets were highlighted. The main of management strategy formation to the foreign markets were investigated. The criteria of effectiveness of using of national economy innovative development are justified.

  20. Location, Planting Decisions, and the Marketing of Quality-Differentiated Agricultural Commodities

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander E. Saak

    2003-01-01

    In a marketing environment, the demand conditions, the costs of shipping and storing grain varieties, the interest rate on farm loans, and the distribution of cropland in the area are important determinants of growers' planting decisions. In this article, I focus on a market for two quality-differentiated agricultural commodities: one produced with the use of biotechnology and the other, without. I develop a model for analyzing the equilibrium planting and marketing decisions made by geograph...

  1. Horizontal Price Transmission in Agricultural Markets: Fundamental Concepts and Open Empirical Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Listorti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Following the dramatic changes experienced by the prices of agricultural commodities in 2007-2008, the analysis of horizontal price transmission mechanisms in agricultural markets has attracted renewed interest. In particular, this has led to the emergence of new challenges for the empirical analysis. How to model the increasing volatility and non linear behaviour of prices, to assess the impact of the policy responses to market turbulence, and how to account for the increasing interconnections between agricultural and non-agricultural commodity markets are amongst the most investigated issues. Building on a common analytical framework, this paper discusses and reviews the most recent methodological developments and empirical contributions in the field.

  2. The road half traveled: agricultural market reform in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kherallah Mylène

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the extensive evidence on agricultural market reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa and summarises the impact reforms have had on market performance, agricultural production, use of modern inputs, and poverty. It offers eight recommendations for completing the reform process and developing a new agenda for agricultural markets in Sub-Saharan Africa. The reform experience in Sub-Saharan Africa has varied widely across countries and crop subsectors. The available evidence shows clear progress in some areas and mixed results in others. Most reforms were only partially implemented and policy reversal was common. Once implemented, however, reforms have increased competition and reduced marketing margins, benefiting both producers and consumers. Reforms have also boosted export crop production. On the other hand, food crop production has stagnated and yields have not improved. Further expansion of private trade is constrained by lack of access to credit, uncertainty about the government’s commitment to reform, and high transaction costs.

  3. THE PRIVATE SECTOR APPROACH TO GRAIN MARKETING: THE CASE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES

    OpenAIRE

    Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L.; Jackson, Thomas E.

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the pricing performance and behavior of market advisory services in corn and soybeans. Data on corn and soybean net price received for advisory services, as reported by the AgMAS Project, are available for the 1995, 1996 and 1997 marketing years. Performance test results suggest that, on average, market advisory services exhibit a small ability to "beat the market". This conclusion is somewhat sensitive to the type of performance test and market ben...

  4. Predictability and Market Efficiency in Agricultural Futures Markets: a Perspective from Price-Volume Correlation Based on Wavelet Coherency Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ling-Yun; Wen, Xing-Chun

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, we use a time-frequency domain technique, namely, wavelet squared coherency, to examine the associations between the trading volumes of three agricultural futures and three different forms of these futures' daily closing prices, i.e. prices, returns and volatilities, over the past several years. These agricultural futures markets are selected from China as a typical case of the emerging countries, and from the US as a representative of the developed economies. We investigate correlations and lead-lag relationships between the trading volumes and the prices to detect the predictability and efficiency of these futures markets. The results suggest that the information contained in the trading volumes of the three agricultural futures markets in China can be applied to predict the prices or returns, while that in US has extremely weak predictive power for prices or returns. We also conduct the wavelet analysis on the relationships between the volumes and returns or volatilities to examine the existence of the two "stylized facts" proposed by Karpoff [J. M. Karpoff, The relation between price changes and trading volume: A survey, J. Financ. Quant. Anal.22(1) (1987) 109-126]. Different markets in the two countries perform differently in reproducing the two stylized facts. As the wavelet tools can decode nonlinear regularities and hidden patterns behind price-volume relationship in time-frequency space, different from the conventional econometric framework, this paper offers a new perspective into the market predictability and efficiency.

  5. Developing Agricultural Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Edward Samuel; Gibbon, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This article investigates the process of development in a traditional African export market, focusing on a contract farming scheme for organic cocoa in rural Uganda. Based on a repeated household survey, we measure the impact of the scheme on the income of participants and the economic mechanisms...... behind these effects. We find substantial benefits from the scheme, driven primarily by the establishment of credible incentives for farmers to adopt technologies which improve cocoa quality. There is also evidence of broader trends of market deepening and increased productivity, probably due to positive...

  6. Price Uncertainty and Optimal Hedging in the Agricultural Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae ISTUDOR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The increased volatility of the agricultural prices has detrimental effects on the economic welfare and raises concerns regarding poverty and malnutrition at a global level. Financial risk management can be an efficient solution for limiting the effects of international agricultural price volatility. The paper analyzes the behavior of the U.S. wheat and corn prices, emphasizing their highly volatile and unpredictable nature. Given the existence of the basis risk, the estimation of the optimal hedge ratio is needed in order to provide an efficient hedging strategy against price risks. The role of public authorities in this context can consist in promoting education in the fields of hedging and understanding the agricultural price volatility risk. We estimate static and time varying optimal hedge ratios for wheat and corn through several methods. Based on the out of sample hedging effectiveness given by the variance reduction, the methods are compared and the results show that the time varying hedge ratios estimated through rolling window OLS and GARCH methods outperform the static counterparts.

  7. Particulars of Demand for Agricultural Products in the Domestic Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Catalina TIMIRAS

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on the latest official statistics on food and beverage purchases, overall and by product category, the article captures quantitative and qualitative changes in recent years on the Romanian market for this category of goods. It has been also highlighted the gaps observed in the different categories of households by: living environment, presence and number of children, employment status and age of household head, all from the perspective of the demand for those products.

  8. AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN SLOVAKIA UNDER THE NEW LAND ACQUISITION LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan DRABIK

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses recent developments in the market for agricultural land in Slovakia related to the new law on land acquisition. The stated objective of this law is to protect agricultural land from non-agricultural use. We analyze land-related data as reported by sellers in the newly established Registry of offers of agricultural land administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Our results show that the regions with the most fertile soils are not the ones with the highest average land prices. Moreover, we show that the average regional prices are very sensitive to price outliers. For example, the average price for agricultural land in Slovakia is 27,200 EUR per hectare. However, this price falls down to 6,300 EUR per hectare if only observations with prices below 10,000 EUR per hectare are considered.

  9. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in the Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabraal, R. A.; Delasanta, D.; Burrill, G.

    1981-01-01

    The market potential in the Philippines for stand alone photovoltaic (P/V) systems in agriculture was assessed. Applications include: irrigation, postharvest operation, food and fiber processing and storage, and livestock and fisheries operations. Power and energy use profiles for many applications as well as assessments of business, government and financial climate for P/V sales are described. Many characteristics of the Philippine agriculture and energy sector favorably influence the use of P/V systems. However, serious and significant barriers prevent achieving the technically feasible, cost competitive market for P/V systems in the agricultural sector. The reason for the small market is the limited availability capital for financing P/V systems. It is suggested that innovative financing schemes and promotional campaigns should be devised.

  10. Agricultural and Social Resiliency of Small-Scale Agriculture to Economic and Climatic Shocks: A Comparison of Subsistence versus Market-Based Agricultural Approaches in Rural Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malard, J. J.; Melgar-Quiñonez, H.; Pineda, P.; Gálvez, J.; Adamowski, J. F.

    2014-12-01

    Agricultural production is heavily dependent not only on climate but also on markets as well as on the social and community systems managing the agroecosystem. In addition, the ultimate goal of agricultural production, human food security, is also affected not only by net agricultural production but also by similar economic and social factors. These complex feedbacks assume a particular importance in the case of smallholder farms in the tropics, where alternative rural development policies have led to different and contrasting agricultural management systems. Current approaches at comparing such systems generally study their environmental, economic or social components in isolation, potentially missing important interconnections. This research uses a participatory systems dynamics modelling (SDM) framework to compare two small-scale agricultural approaches in rural Guatemala which differ in their social, economic and ecosystem management decisions. The first case study community, in Quiché, has adopted a subsistence-based system that aims to use low levels of outside inputs to produce food for their own consumption, while the second, in Sololá, has opted for market-based agriculture that uses high input levels to obtain marketable crops in order to assure income for the purchase of food and other necessities. Each of these systems has its respective vulnerabilities; while the Sololá community suffers from more environmental degradation issues (soils and pests), the Quiché community, given lower monetary incomes, is more vulnerable to events whose responses require a significant monetary expenditure. Through the SDM approach, we incorporate local stakeholder knowledge of the respective systems, including biophysical and socioeconomic variables, into a joint biophysical and socioeconomic model for each community. These models then allow for the comparison of the resilience of both types of socio-agroecosystems in the face of climatic, economic and biological

  11. Agricultural and oil commodities: price transmission and market integration between US and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Rosa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this article it to get some evidences of market interaction between United States and Italy using the time series analysis of spot prices spanning from January 1999 to May 2012 for crude oil and three ag-commodities: wheat, corn and soybean. These crops have been selected for their relevance in ag-commodity exchanges between US and Italy markets. The integration between US and Italy agricultural markets is hypothesized for the consistent volume of crop traded between these two countries while the price transmission is related to the leading price signals of the CBT (Chicago Board of Trade. The integration between oil and ag-commodity markets is suggested both by the large use of energy intensive inputs, (fertilizer, seed, machinery in production of these ag-commodities, and their use in biofuel production. The results suggest: a for US market the evidence of market integration between crude oil and US ag-commodities; b for Italy the integration with US ag-commodity markets and less evidence of integration with the oil market. These results are valuable information both for the agents and policy makers contributing to improve the information accuracy to predict the price movements used by marketing operators for their strategies and policy makers to set up policies to re-establish conditions of market efficiency and allocate these ag-commodities in alternative market channels.

  12. On Possible Influence of Space Weather on Agricultural Markets: Necessary Conditions and Probable Scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Pustilnik, Lev

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of study of a possible relationship between the space weather and terrestrial markets of agricultural products. It is shown that to implement the possible effect of space weather on the terrestrial harvests and prices, a simultaneous fulfillment of three conditions is required: 1) sensitivity of local weather (cloud cover, atmospheric circulation) to the state of space weather; 2) sensitivity of the area of specific agricultural crops to the weather anomalies (belonging to the area of risk farming); 3) relative isolation of the market, making it difficult to damp the price hikes by the external food supplies. Four possible scenarios of the market response to the modulations of local terrestrial weather via the solar activity are described. The data sources and analysis methods applied to detect this relationship are characterized. We describe the behavior of 22 European markets during the medieval period, in particular, during the Maunder minimum (1650-1715). We demonstrate a reliable m...

  13. Design and Realization of E-Marketing System for Fresh Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunmao; TAN; Haishan; WANG; Xiudong; SUN; Yannan; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced the PHP + Oracle database development technology. Based on B / S structure,using MVC( Model View Controller) framework development mode,and in line with actual demands of fresh agricultural products for e-marketing in Shanghai,it designed and expected to realize e-marketing system for fresh agricultural products in B2B2 C mode. It made an in-depth analysis from system demands,design of functional modules,design of database,and relevant technologies for system realization.

  14. Management of unregulated agricultural nonpoint sources through water quality trading market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahjoobi, Emad; Sarang, Amin; Ardestani, Mojtaba

    2016-11-01

    Water quality trading (WQT) could be an innovative policy to incentivize farmers to implement best management practices (BMPs) for their activities. This study focused on assessment of involving unregulated agricultural nonpoint sources (NPS) into the WQT market in Gharesoo watershed in the west of Iran. It also proposes a methodology to determine location-based trading ratios as well as environmental penalty cost to achieve a more well-designed market structure. Trading activities in different scenarios were described by trading volume (TV), participation rate (PR), total exchanged value (TEV), and other market parameters in order to achieve a better comparison of market performance. Results showed that, by applying NPS to the Gharesoo watershed, total phosphorous (TP) trading market could increase TV, PR, and TEV up to 11, 1.7 and 7.5 times, respectively, depending on which level of BMPs are implemented by them. Additionally, it could save 29% of the total cost of implementing a TP total maximum daily load in this watershed compared to the 'command and control' approach. Furthermore, the agricultural sector could profit by $5.49 million (or $75/ha) by choosing solutions such as terrace systems and filter strips to register into the market. This profit can be allocated to the development of new agricultural technologies.

  15. Cereals Market in Romania under the Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina CONSTANTIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyses the cereals market after Romania accession to European Union. Thus, I considered necessary and appropriate to achieve the dynamic analysis of production, prices, trade, consumption, and self-sufficiency that provides an overview on the evolution of the cereals market in Romania, in the European context, starting from resources representing the demand, to the uses that represent the supply. I also point out the main mechanisms and support instruments for the cereals market under the Common Agriculture Policy, in the period 2007-2013 and towards 2014-2020.

  16. 76 FR 31887 - Procedures by Which the Agricultural Marketing Service Develops, Revises, Suspends, or Terminates...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... CFR part 36). Background: AMS received a petition from the American Frozen Food Institute (AFFI... Frozen Okra AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Request for comments. SUMMARY: The... States Standards for Grades of Frozen Okra. The standards for frozen okra would be changed from...

  17. A marketing-finance approach linking contracts in agricultural channels to shareholder value

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennings, J.M.E.; Wansink, B.; Hoffmann, A.O.I.

    2011-01-01

    A conceptual marketing-finance framework is proposed which links channel contracting in agriculture and the use of financial facilitating services (e.g., financial derivatives) to (shareholder) value creation. The framework complements existing literature by explicitly including channel contract rel

  18. Volatility Spillovers Between Energy and Agricultural Markets: A Critical Appraisal of Theory and Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C-L. Chang (Chia-Lin); Y. Li (Y); M.J. McAleer (Michael)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Energy and agricultural commodities and markets have been examined extensively, albeit separately, for a number of years. In the energy literature, the returns, volatility and volatility spillovers (namely, the delayed effect of a returns shock in one asset on the subse

  19. Volatility Spillovers between Energy and Agricultural Markets: A Critical Appraisal of Theory and Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C-L. Chang (Chia-Lin); Y. Li (Y); M.J. McAleer (Michael)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Energy and agricultural commodities and markets have been examined extensively, albeit separately, for a number of years. In the energy literature, the returns, volatility and volatility spillovers (namely, the delayed effect of a returns shock in one asset on the subse

  20. Agricultural Marketing Principles: A Training Manual. Training for Development. Manual No. T-31.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peace Corps, Washington, DC. Information Collection and Exchange Div.

    This module contains basic material to enable the workshop facilitator to teach concepts in agricultural marketing to Peace Corps volunteers. Introductory materials include general suggestions for the facilitator, a checklist, and a suggested timetable for a two-week workshop. The course is organized by 11 concepts: needs assessment, market…

  1. The conditionings of the credit market in agriculture. The macroeconomic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Kułyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have evaluated the relationship of the credit market to the agricultural sector. The weakness of appropriate resource allocation from the credit market has been emphasized. We paid attention both to the external environment of agriculture itself, as well as to the way it has been shaped as a result of the process of globalization. The effect was examined of the influence of particular macroeconomic indicators adjusted according to the range of the interest rate as a result of change in the price of agricultural products. The period of the research covered the years 1990–2010. A discussion was carried out to allow for the setting apart of factors that influenced conditions which shaped the cost of financial loans and credit. The character of dependencies or related factors were analysed. The different significance of individual accounts was shown.

  2. 17 CFR 1.54 - Contract market rules submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture. 1.54 Section 1.54 Commodity... Secretary of Agriculture. Notwithstanding any provision of these rules, any bylaw, rule, regulation, or resolution of a contract market that was submitted to the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant or § 1.38(a)...

  3. Spatial analysis of agricultural and undeveloped building land market in Slovenia for the period 2007–2009

    OpenAIRE

    Renko, Urška

    2010-01-01

    This graduated thesis concerns the agricultural and undeveloped building land market in Slovenia between 2007 and 2009. The current legislation on real estate, in particular on land market and mass appraisal, is shortly presented. The real estate database, mass appraisal models for agricultural and undeveloped building land, which is managed by The Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia, are presented. The real estate market data are primary data for the analysis of the a...

  4. Voluntary Certification of Agricultural Products in Competitive Markets: The Consideration of Boundedly Rational Consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xujin Pu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Market competition creates strategic incentives for firms to communicate private information about their own product quality through certification. Although voluntary certification has recently gained importance in the agricultural industry, information asymmetry is not always completely addressed. This study analyzes how the relative proportion of boundedly rational consumers in the market influences the effectiveness of voluntary certification mechanisms by using a duopoly game model of high- and low-quality firms. The presented results show that a change in the proportion of boundedly rational consumers leads to different certification behaviors and a different market equilibrium. We also find that the existence of boundedly rational consumers is an important factor in the failure of voluntary certification. Indeed, when the relative proportion of such consumers is very high, voluntary certification is ineffective at improving market efficiency.

  5. REASONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE WORLD AGRICULTURAL MARKET BAD PRICE DYNAMICS THREATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Grodzievskaya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is about main threats of the bad price dynamics on the world agricultural market for agriculture producers. Scientific point of view on the risks is considered. Mostly theoretical point of view allows understanding how deep and wide scientists could research this problem. Author considers reasons of this menaces and ways out, how to avoid or estimate the rate of undesirable consequences for agriculture producers and agriculture price conjuncture. Researcher distinguishes several main reasons of the agriculture threats among them: production, finance, inflation and conjuncture fluctuation. In this article readers can find new ideas for governmental way to operate risky and low informative level situations in agricultural sphere. Researchers can use structural approach of the risk identification due to the scheme of risks realization reasons. Also few formulas provided for cybernetic way to research this problem. Scientist proposes ways for neutralization threats, among them are: adaptation, insurance, spends minimization, etc. Author analyzes Ukrainian agricultural tendencies in the last decades and draws a conclusion for socio-economic trend in witch modern world economy moves.

  6. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises——A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects:the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises,the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents,the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises,the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises,the requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the work experience of agricultural marketing talents,and the quality requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the agricultural marketing talents.We analyse the problems existing in the cultivation mode of marketing talents in agricultural vocational colleges as follows:the feature of major is not outstanding;the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent;it is disconnected with the practical needs of agricultural enterprises;the cultivation form of practical ability is simple.On the basis of this,taking Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology as an example,we advance the new mode of cultivating inter-disciplinary talents integrating "marketing technique+technique marketing",and establish characteristic agricultural course combo system on the basis of vocational position orientation.In the meantime,we propose that we should conduct close college-enterprise cooperation with the local leading agricultural enterprises.This cultivation mode reform of talents is favorable for the agricultural enterprises,especially small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises to foster "marketable" agricultural marketing talents,elevate the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,serve the local economy,and promote the development of modern agriculture,and China’s agriculture,farmer,and countryside.

  7. An Experimental Investigation of the Incentives to Form Agricultural Marketing Pools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman; Libecap; Shachat

    1998-06-01

    This paper presents theoretical extensions and laboratory tests of Hoffman and Libecap's (1994) model of individual firms' incentives to form agricultural marketing pools. The key incentives are lower variance in output prices and economies in scale in marketing. This paper extends the model by formulating the pooling problem as a game of incomplete information in which firms have heterogeneous and private risk attitudes. An experiment is conducted to test the theoretical implications of this model. Statistical analysis of the experimental data supports the model predictions of pooling rates, but also reveals that subjects form systematic probability biases and do not behave as strategically as the model suggests. Copyright 1998 Academic Press.

  8. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Morocco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steingass, H.; Asmon, I.

    1981-01-01

    Results of a month-long study in Morocco aimed at assessing the market potential for stand-alone photovoltaic systems in agriculture and rural service applications are presented. The following applications, requiring less than 15 kW of power, are described: irrigation, cattle watering, refrigeration, crop processing, potable water and educational TV. Telecommunications and transportation signalling applications, descriptions of power and energy use profiles, assessments of business environment, government and private sector attitudes towards photovoltaics, and financing were also considered. The Moroccan market presents both advantages and disadvantages for American PV manufacturers. The principle advantages of the Moroccan market are: a limited grid, interest in and present use of PV in communications applications, attractive investment incentives, and a stated policy favoring American investment. Disadvantages include: lack of government incentives for PV use, general unfamiliarity with PV technology, high first cost of PV, a well-established market network for diesel generators, and difficulty with financing. The market for PV in Morocco (1981-1986), will be relatively small, about 340 kwp. The market for PV is likely to be more favorable in telecommunications, transport signalling and some rural services. The primary market appears to be in the public (i.e., government) rather than private sector, due to financial constraints and the high price of PV relative to conventional power sector.

  9. Implementing a community-based social marketing project to improve agricultural worker health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flocks, J; Clarke, L; Albrecht, S; Bryant, C; Monaghan, P; Baker, H

    2001-06-01

    The Together for Agricultural Safety project is a community-based social marketing project working to reduce the adverse health effects of pesticide exposure among fernery and nursery workers in Florida. In 3 years, the collaboration between university and community researchers has embodied many of the principles of community-based research while completing multiple stages of formative data collection required for a social marketing project. This hybrid approach to developing a health intervention for a minority community has been successful in its early stages because the community partners are organized, empowered, and motivated to execute research activities with the assistance of academic partners. However, this work has also been labor intensive and costly. This article describes the lessons learned by project partners and considers the limitations of this approach for agricultural health research.

  10. Status and Countermeasures for the Green Marketing of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Yinchuan City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview and characteristics of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City,green marketing status of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City is introduced from the aspects of product strategy,pricing strategy,distribution strategy and promotion strategy.Problems in the green marketing of agricultural products processing enterprise are analyzed,such as the obvious contradiction between the processing demand and the raw materials,low level of comprehensive utilization of resources,no common demand for green consumption in Yinchuan City,weak strength of enterprise and no concept of green marketing,poor macro-control and insufficient input,neglecting the environmental production of materials during marketing,and insufficient input of enterprises in professional marketing personnel.In order to improve the green marketing ability of enterprises and the development of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City,the following countermeasures are put forward:green marketing strategy(mainly including cultivating the green marketing strategy for enterprises,gathering of green information,and strengthening the marketing strategy of target market)and green marketing policy(mainly including green products policy,green price policy,green channel policy and green promotion policy).

  11. Agricultural Trade Implications of European Community Enlargement: North America Common Market

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous; Alexander H. Sarris

    1980-01-01

    Membership in the European Community (EC) for Greece, Spain, and Portugal may reduce trade between the United States and the EC in selected commodities; prospects for a North American Common Market are not bright; and the diversion of agricultural crops from export to fuel alcohol production would very likely increase, rather than reduce, balance-of-payment deficits for the United States and Brazil. The first meeting of the Consortium on Trade Research, established by the Economics and Statis...

  12. Application of the Gini index to measure the concentration on several agricultural international markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burny, P.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the level of concentration of several agricultural products exports whose roles are important in developing countries. The Gini index was determined as it measures the level of competition within the different markets. After a description of the index, eight products were studied : bovine meat, poultry meat, eggs in the shell, rice, sugar, tea, rubber and palm oil. For each of them, the Gini index was calculated according to the data of the Food and Agriculture Organisation in 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980 and 1985. A comparison was made between the years 1965 and 1985 in order to show the evolution of the relative importance of the different exporting countries. In conclusion, the successes, failures or changing goals of the agricultural policy of these countries could be evaluated.

  13. Using social marketing to address barriers and motivators to agricultural safety and health best practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Aaron M; Murphy, Dennis J

    2012-01-01

    Social marketing is an intervention development strategy that pays considerable attention to barriers to and motivators for behavioral change or adoption of recommended behaviors. Barriers are obstacles that prevent individuals from changing or adopting behaviors and are often referred to as the "cons" or "costs" of doing something. Motivators, on the other hand, are factors that encourage individuals to change or adopt behaviors and are often referred to as the "pros," "benefits," or "influencing factors" of doing something. Importantly, social marketing does not target education or knowledge change as an end point; rather, it targets behavior change. Studies across several types of desired behaviors (e.g., smoking cessation, weight control, more exercise, sunscreen use, radon testing) using the Stages of Change model have found systematic relationships between stages of change and pros and cons of changing behavior. A review of literature identifies numerous research and intervention studies that directly reference social marketing in agricultural safety and health, studies that identify reasons why parents allow their children to be exposed to hazardous situations on the farm, and reasons why youth engage in risky behaviors, but only two studies were found that show evidence of systematically researching specific behavioral change motivating factors. The authors offer several suggestions to help address issues relating to social marketing and agricultural safety and health.

  14. Speculation and volatility spillover in the crude oil and agricultural commodity markets: A Bayesian analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Du Xiaodong, E-mail: xdu23@wisc.ed [Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI (United States); Yu, Cindy L., E-mail: cindyyu@iastate.ed [Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, IA (United States); Hayes, Dermot J., E-mail: dhayes@iastate.ed [Department of Economics and Department of Finance, Iowa State University, IA (United States)

    2011-05-15

    This paper assesses factors that potentially influence the volatility of crude oil prices and the possible linkage between this volatility and agricultural commodity markets. Stochastic volatility models are applied to weekly crude oil, corn, and wheat futures prices from November 1998 to January 2009. Model parameters are estimated using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Speculation, scalping, and petroleum inventories are found to be important in explaining the volatility of crude oil prices. Several properties of crude oil price dynamics are established, including mean-reversion, an asymmetry between returns and volatility, volatility clustering, and infrequent compound jumps. We find evidence of volatility spillover among crude oil, corn, and wheat markets after the fall of 2006. This can be largely explained by tightened interdependence between crude oil and these commodity markets induced by ethanol production.

  15. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steigelmann, W.; Neyeloff, S.

    1981-01-01

    The market potential for photovoltaic systems in the agricultural sector of Colombia is assessed. Consideration was given to over twenty specific livestock production, crop production, and rural services applications requiring less than 15 kW of power without backup power. Analysis revealed that near-term potential exists for photovoltaic technology in applications in coffee depulging, cattle watering, rural domestic users, rural water supply and small irrigation, rural telephones, rural health posts, and vaccine refrigeration. Market size would be in the 1200 to 2500 kWp range in the 1981 to 86 timeframe. Positive factors influencing the market size include a lack of electrical services, potential for developing the Llanos Orientales Territory, high fuel costs in remote areas, balance of system availability, the presence of wealthy land owners, and a large government-sponsored contract for photovoltaic (PV)-powered rural telephone systems. The anticipated eligibility of photovoltaic equipment for loans would be a further positive factor in market potential. Important negative factors include relatively inexpensive energy in developed locations, reliance on hydropower, lack of familiarity with PV equipment, a lack of financing, and established foreign competition in PV technology. Recommendations to American PV manufacturers attempting to develop the Colombian market are given.

  16. Price and Structure Risks Consideration when Selecting a Marketing Strategy for an Agricultural Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiyan Dmytro V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article lies in development and approval of the indicator of complex assessment of the level of price and structure risks of agricultural enterprises with the further goal of selecting a marketing strategy. It was established in the result of the study that agricultural enterprises with a high price and structure risk ratio have high indicators of economic efficiency compared to the groups with a low value of this indicator. At the same time, major enterprises (mostly agro-holdings at a certain stage, which corresponds with the set critical size of the area or livestock, have a possibility to diversify production and, consequently, reduce the price and structure risk ratio. Further studies would deal with establishing groups of agricultural enterprises on the basis of differences in economic efficiency by selected criteria (profitability of realisation of products, profit per 1 hectare and crop capacity and livestock productivity, that result not from the territorial and geographical location, but from specific features of formation of the market of agrarian products of Ukraine.

  17. Agricultural Commodity Exchanges and the Development of Grain Markets and Trade in Africa: A Review of Recent Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Jayne, T.S.; Sturgess, Chris; Kopicki, Ron; Sitko, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Vibrant agricultural commodity exchanges will greatly enhance the performance of Africa’s agricultural sectors and contribute to overall economic development. Yet specific conditions in grain markets are required for agricultural commodity exchanges to develop.1 The absence or short-lived nature of many of these conditions explains why commodity exchanges for staple grains have remained stunted in Sub-Saharan Africa despite strong interest in their development by the international donor commu...

  18. Cyclope 2003: the world markets: raw materials, currencies, services, agriculture, energy, finance, industry; Cyclope 2003: les marches mondiaux: matieres premieres, monnaies, services, agriculture, energie, finance, industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalmin, Ph.

    2003-07-01

    The Cyclope book is a collective annual publication made by an international team of economists, journalists and specialists of geopolitics. The 2003 issue analyzes the consequences of the war in Iraq on the energy markets and on the international negotiations of the world trade organization (WTO) which took place at Cancun in September 2003. It analyses also the growth of the Chinese markets, the sustainable development concept in vogue, the Johannesburg conference and the reform of the common agricultural policy. (J.S.)

  19. Toxic fables: the advertising and marketing of agricultural chemicals in the great plains, 1945-1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vail, David D

    2012-12-01

    This paper examines how pesticides and their technologies were sold to farmers and pilots throughout the midtwentieth century. It principally considers how marketing rhetoric and advertisement strategies used by chemical companies and aerial spraying firms influenced the practices and perspectives of farm producers in the Great Plains. In order to convince landowners and agricultural leaders to buy their pesticides, chemical companies generated advertisements that championed local crop health, mixture accuracy, livestock safety and a chemical-farming 'way of life' that kept fields healthy and productive. Combining notions of safety, accuracy and professionalism with pest eradication messages reinforced the standards that landowners, pilots and agriculturalists would hold regarding toxicity and risk when spraying their fields. As the politics of health changed in the aftermath of Rachel Carson's Silent Spring, these companies and aerial spraying outfits responded by keeping to a vision of agricultural health that required poisons for protection through technological accuracy.

  20. Influence of the biobased economy on agricultural markets. Preparation of a modelling approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nowicki, P.L.; Van Leeuwen, M.G.A.; Bos, H.L.; Chant, L.J.; Molenveld, K.; Tabeau, A.A.

    2010-06-15

    This report is the conclusion of research undertaken to better understand the impact of the developing biobased economy on agricultural land markets. This has involved understanding the true dimension of the biobased economy, namely the large range of products for which a biobased component exists or could exist, and in this regard the likely evolution in the substitution of elements produced from fossil oil. This research is also a first step to determine whether the overall result of the development of the biobased economy will be positive, negative or neutral for the Dutch economy as a whole.

  1. On possible influence of space weather on agricultural markets: Necessary conditions and probable scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pustil'nik, L.; Yom Din, G.

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of study of a possible relationship between the space weather and terrestrial markets of agricultural products. It is shown that to implement the possible effect of space weather on the terrestrial harvests and prices, a simultaneous fulfillment of three conditions is required: 1) sensitivity of local weather (cloud cover, atmospheric circulation) to the state of space weather; 2) sensitivity of the area-specific agricultural crops to the weather anomalies (belonging to the area of risk farming); 3) relative isolation of the market, making it difficult to damp the price hikes by the external food supplies. Four possible scenarios of the market response to the modulations of local terrestrial weather via the solar activity are described. The data sources and analysismethods applied to detect this relationship are characterized. We describe the behavior of 22 European markets during the medieval period, in particular, during the Maunder minimum (1650-1715). We demonstrate a reliable manifestation of the influence of space weather on prices, discovered in the statistics of intervals between the price hikes and phase price asymmetry. We show that the effects of phase price asymmetry persist even during the early modern period in the U.S. in the production of the durum wheat. Within the proposed approach, we analyze the statistics of depopulation in the eighteenth and nineteenth century Iceland, induced by the famine due to a sharp livestock reduction owing to, in its turn, the lack of foodstuff due to the local weather anomalies. A high statistical significance of temporal matching of these events with the periods of extreme solar activity is demonstrated. We discuss the possible consequences of the observed global climate change in the formation of new areas of risk farming, sensitive to space weather.

  2. Effect of Weather on Agricultural Futures Markets on the Basis of DCCA Cross-Correlation Coefficient Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Guangxi; He, Cuiting; Xu, Wei

    2016-03-01

    This study investigates the correlation between weather and agricultural futures markets on the basis of detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA) cross-correlation coefficients and q-dependent cross-correlation coefficients. In addition, detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is used to measure extreme weather and thus analyze further the effect of this condition on agricultural futures markets. Cross-correlation exists between weather and agricultural futures markets on certain time scales. There are some correlations between temperature and soybean return associated with medium amplitudes. Under extreme weather conditions, weather exerts different influences on different agricultural products; for instance, soybean return is greatly influenced by temperature, and weather variables exhibit no effect on corn return. Based on the detrending moving-average cross-correlation analysis (DMCA) coefficient and DFA regression results are similar to that of DCCA coefficient.

  3. Promote the modernization of agriculture and develop modern agriculture through improving the agricultural futures market%完善农产品期货市场与农业现代化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑春燕

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture is a developmental edge for Henan Province.Thus,promoting the modernization of agriculture and developing modern agriculture are obvious choices.In modern service industry,finance is the core and the blood.Promotion of agricultural modernization through agricultural futures market brings practical feasibility.For example,agricultural futures market can avoid price risk,optimize the cultivation of agricultural products,and make hedging a possible choice for agricultural enterprises.This paper analyzes the role of the agricultural futures market in agricultural modernization,as well as its shortcomings in this process.Based on the analysis,recommendations in relation to futures markets in agricultural modernization are proposed.%农业是河南的优势、机遇和筹码。大力推动农业现代化、发展现代农业是我们的必然选择。在现代服务业中,金融是核心,是血液。通过完善农产品期货市场来推动农业现代化,发展现代农业,既有意义,也有现实的可行性。农产品期货市场可以规避农产品的价格风险,优化农产品的种植品种,有利于农产品生产经营企业进行套期保值等。本文分析了农产品期货市场对农业现代化、发展现代农业的推动作用,以及在这一发展过程中存在的不足,并综合各方意见,给出了具体的措施。

  4. 7 CFR 170.12 - What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING...

  5. The Impact of Integrated Agricultural Research for Development on Collective Marketing among Smallholder Farmers of Southern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kefasi Nyikahadzoi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article demonstrates how Integrated Agricultural Research for Development (IAR4D impacts on collective marketing among smallholder farmers of southern Africa through increased crop productivity, yields and income. We use a quasi-experimental design to compare outcomes under IAR4D and under two other states namely conventional approach and non-intervention. The study relies on primary data collected from 665 households during baseline and end line survey. Results from the study show that IAR4D had a positive and significant impact on improving collective marketing in intervention sites as compared to the control sites. In conclusion, the paper demonstrates empirically that collective marketing can help smallholder farmers to reduce barriers to entry into lucrative agricultural markets through IAR4D by lowering transaction costs of accessing input and produce markets. This finding is particularly very important given that middlemen and small traders face huge transaction costs of dealing with many sellers each selling small quantities.

  6. Learning achievements of farmers during the transition to market-oriented organic agriculture in rural Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amos Owamani

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Organic agriculture requires farmers with the ability to develop profitable agro-enterprises on their own. By drawing on four years of experiences with the Enabling Rural Innovation approach in Uganda, we outline how smallholder farmers transition to organic agriculture and, at the same time, increase their entrepreneurial skills and competences through learning. In order to document this learning we operationalised the Kirkpatrick learning evaluation model, which subsequently informed the collection of qualitative data in two study sites. Our analysis suggests that the Enabling Rural Innovation approach helps farmers to develop essential capabilities for identifying organic markets and new organic commodities, for testing these organic commodities under varying organic farm management scenarios, and for negotiating contracts with organic traders. We also observed several obstacles that confront farmers’ transition to organic agriculture when using the Enabling Rural Innovation approach. These include the long duration of agronomic experimentation and seed multiplication, expensive organic certification procedures and the absence of adequate mechanism for farmers to access crop finance services. Despite prevailing obstacles we conclude that the Enabling Rural Innovation approach provides a starting point for farmers to develop entrepreneurial competences and profitable agro-enterprises on their own.

  7. Implications of Climate Volatility for Agricultural Commodity Markets in the Presence of Biofuel Mandates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, M.; Diffenbaugh, N. S.; Hertel, T. W.; Beckman, J.

    2011-12-01

    In presence of bio-fuels, link between energy and agricultural commodity markets has become more complex. An increase in ethanol production to minimum 15bn gallons a year - Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) and current technically permissible maximum 10% blending limit - Blend Wall (BW); make the link even stronger. If oil prices in future do not rise significantly from their current levels, this minimum production requirement would likely be binding. In such a scenario any fluctuation in crop production will have to be absorbed by the non-ethanol usage of the crop and would translate into crop prices adjusting to clear the markets and therefore the commodity prices will be more volatile. At high oil prices it is possible that the BW may become binding, severing the link between oil prices and commodity prices as well, potentially leading to higher price volatility. Hertel and Beckman (2010) find that, with both RFS and BW simultaneously binding, corn price volatility due to supply side shocks (which could arise from extreme climate events) could be more than 50% as large as in the absence of bio-fuel policies. So energy markets are important determinants of agricultural commodity price volatility. This proposal intends to introduce the increased supply side volatility on account of climate change and volatility, in the framework. Global warming on account of increased GHG concentrations is expected to increase the intensity and frequency of hot extremes in US (Diffenbaugh et al. 2008) and therefore affect corn yields. With supply shocks expected to increase, binding RFS and BW will exacerbate the volatility, while if they are non-binding then the price changes could be cushioned. We propose to model the impacts of climate changes and volatility on commodity prices by linking three main components - a. Projections for change in temperature and precipitation using climate model b. A statistical model to predict impacts of change in climate variable on corn yields in US

  8. The Effect of Agricultural Growing Season Change on Market Prices in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    deBeurs, K.M.; Brown, M. E.

    2013-01-01

    to plan effective adaptation strategies. Remote sensing data can also provide some understanding of the spatial extent of these changes and whether they are likely to continue. Given the agricultural nature of most economies on the African continent, agricultural production continues to be a critical determinant of both food security and economic growth (Funk and Brown, 2009). Crop phenological parameters, such as the start and end of the growing season, the total length of the growing season, and the rate of greening and senescence are important for planning crop management, crop diversification, and intensification. The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as: "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life". Food security roughly depends on three factors: 1) availability of food; 2) access to food and 3) appropriate use of food, as well as adequate water and sanitation. The first factor is dependent on growing conditions and weather and climate. In a previous paper we have investigated this factor by evaluating the effect of large scale climate oscillation on land surface phenology (Brown et al., 2010). We found that all areas in Africa are significantly affected by at least one type of large scale climate oscillations and concluded that these somewhat predictable oscillations could perhaps be used to forecast agricultural production. In addition, we have evaluated changes in agricultural land surface phenology over time (Brown et al., 2012). We found that land surface phenology models, which link large-scale vegetation indices with accumulated humidity, could successfully predict agricultural productivity in several countries around the world. In this chapter we are interested in the effect of variability in peak timing of the growing season, or phenology, on the second factor of food security, food access. In this chapter we want to determine if there is a link between market prices

  9. Forest Conversion, Agricultural Transitions and the Influence of Multi-scale Market Factors in Southwest Cameroon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordway, E.; Lambin, E.; Asner, G. P.

    2015-12-01

    The changing structure of demand for commodities associated with food security and energy has had a startling impact on land use change in tropical forests in recent decades. Yet, the composition of conversion in the Congo basin remains a major uncertainty, particularly with regards to the scale of drivers of change. Owing to rapid expansion of production globally and longstanding historical production locally in the Congo basin, oil palm offers a lens through which to evaluate local land use decisions across a spectrum of small- to large-scales of production as well as interactions with regional and global supply chains. We examined the effect of global commodity crop expansion on land use change in Southwest Cameroon using a mixed-methods approach to integrate remote sensing, field surveys and socioeconomic data. Southwest Cameroon (2.5 Mha) has a long history of large- and small-scale agriculture, ranging from mixed crop subsistence agriculture to large monocrop plantations of oil palm, cocoa, and rubber. Trends and spatial patterns of forest conversion and agricultural transitions were analyzed from 2000-2015 using satellite imagery. We used economic, demographic and field survey datasets to assess how regional and global market factors and local commodity crop decisions affect land use patterns. Our results show that oil palm is a major commodity crop expanding in this region, and that conversion is occurring primarily through expansion by medium-scale producers and local elites. Results also indicate that global and regional supply chain dynamics influence local land use decision making. This research contributes new information on land use patterns and dynamics in the Congo basin, an understudied region. More specifically, results from this research contribute information on recent trends of oil palm expansion in Cameroon that will be used in national land use planning strategies.

  10. Performance of farmers in the future stock market in agricultural sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ricardo Lima

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the Coopermibra associated members related to agricultural contracts future. The study was carried in the municipality of Campo Mourão, State of Paraná, Brazil, through a descriptive and qualitative method. The sample consisted of 40 cooperative members, who were interviewed in September/2008 during on-farm visits together technical assistants or during farmers´ visits to the Cooperative. It was observed that 80% of the farmers perform early sales in the Cooperative branch. Among them, who can achieve a higher level of good decision (67.5%, are those that follow daily prices. The Cooperative works as an intermediary between the farmers and BM&F BOVESPA stock market because it has offered contracts to farmers for setting the price at the future at it branch, but it does not provide for the cooperative members a way to act directly in the market for derivatives. Such situation does not prevent the farmers to hold both types of contracts.

  11. International Agricultural Trade and Policy: Issues and Implications for U.S. Agriculture. Texas Agricultural Market Research Center Special Series Report No. SS-2-89.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Gary W.

    Historical events have set the stage for the current U.S. agricultural export performance. Agricultural exports in the early 1990s were as large or larger relative to the size of the agricultural sector than at any time since. A dramatic decrease in net farm income was caused by the Great Depression (1929-1932). Following passage of the…

  12. 湖南有机农业营销模式研究%Hunan Organic Agriculture Marketing Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石小燕

    2013-01-01

    食品安全问题已经引起公众的广泛关注,发展有机农业是解决这一问题的重要途径。湖南是我国农业大省,本研究以湖南省为研究对象,首先对湖南省有机农业的营销模式特点进行分析,然后对湖南省现有的有机农业营销模式中存在的问题进行分析,最后提出湖南省构建有机农业营销模式的对策。%Food safety issues has caused wide public concern, the development of organic agriculture is an important way to solve this problem. Hunan is a major agricultural province in this study as the research object of Hunan, first of organic agriculture in Hunan marketing model analysis of the characteristics and organic agriculture in Hunan existing marketing model to analyze the problems, finally Hunan marketing model to build organic agriculture countermeasures.

  13. Integrated Development of China’s Agricultural Labor Market from the Perspective of Convergence of Planting Industry Marginal Labor Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Longhua; YUE; Shiyuan; YANG; Rongtai; SHEN

    2013-01-01

    Using Compilation of National Cost Benefit Data of Agricultural Products in 1990-2009 and based on the convergence of planting industry marginal labor productivity,this paper studies the integration of agricultural labor market in China. Firstly,it calculates labor output elasticity of each province for wheat,japonica rice and corn. Secondly,it builds indicators reflecting change level of marginal labor productivity. Researches show that in 1990-2000,the difference level of marginal labor productivity expands. From 2000,it starts to fall and becomes more and more stable. However,due to difference of crops and farming custom,the turning point of marginal labor productivity is not consistent with each other. Even so,it is still possible to reach the conclusion that agricultural labor market is gradually integrated from 2000.

  14. Indian agricultural commodity derivatives market – In conversation with S Sivakumar, Divisional Chief Executive, Agri Business Division, ITC Ltd.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabina Rajib

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Though the agricultural sector contributes significantly to the Indian economy, it faces several bottlenecks, one of those being the antiquated laws governing agricultural marketing and price discovery, leading to low price realization by Indian farmers. In India, six national level exchanges offer commodity derivatives contracts on commodities, with some having electronic spot exchanges to facilitate spot trading of commodities. However, farmers' participation in these exchanges has been poor. ITC-ABD, one of the largest aggregators and exporters of Indian agri-commodities, has started using these exchange platforms to hedge price risk. With experience of over three decades in the agricultural sector, Mr. S. Sivakumar has a deep understanding of the commodity markets and the needs of Indian farmers. This interview aims to get an insight into his views on increasing farmers' participation in commodity derivatives trading and more importantly, to understand ITC-ABD's commodity hedging strategy.

  15. Optimizing Greenhouse Lighting for Advanced Agriculture Based on Real Time Electricity Market Price

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Mahdavian

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The world’s growing demand for food can be met by agricultural technology. Use of artificial light to supplement natural sunlight in greenhouse cultivation is one of the most common techniques to increase greenhouse production of food crops. However, artificial light requires significant electrical energy, which increases the cost of greenhouse production and can reduce profit. This paper models the increments to greenhouse productivity as well as the increases in cost from supplemental electric lighting, in a situation where the greenhouse is one of the elements of a smart grid, a system where the electric energy market is dynamic and prices vary over time. We used our models to calculate the optimum values for supplemental light and the required electrical energy for HPS lamps in the greenhouse environment, using cherry tomato cultivation as a case study crop. We considered two optimization techniques: iterative search (IS and genetic algorithm (GA. The two approaches produced similar results, although the GA method was much faster. Both approaches verify the advantages of using optimal supplemental light in terms of increasing production and hence profit.

  16. Marketing in the pre-development process of agricultural machines: a reference model Marketing no pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas: um modelo de referência

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Alexandre S.; Dallmeyer,Arno U.; Romano,Leonardo N.

    2012-01-01

    The theme of the research is the development of the domain of marketing knowledge in the design of agricultural machinery. It is developed throughout the design of agricultural machinery in order to identify the corporate and customers needs and to develop strategies to satisfy these needs. The central problem of the research questions which marketing tools to apply on pre-development process of farm machinery, in order to increase the market value of the products and of the company and, cons...

  17. 7 CFR 170.6 - How are potential market participants identified for the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946...

  18. Do agricultural subsidies crowd out or stimulate rural credit market institutions? The case of EU Common Agricultural Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan and Katarina Szegenyova Pokrivcak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we estimate the impact of agricultural subsidies granted under the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP on bank loans extended to farms. According to our theoretical analysis, subsidies may either stimulate or crowd out bank loans depending on the timing of subsidies, severity of credit constraint, type of subsidies and bank loans, and the relative cost of internal and external financing. In empirical analysis we use the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN farm level panel data for the period 1995-2007. We employ the fixed effects and generalised method of moment (GMM models. The estimated results suggest that (i big farms tend to use subsidies to increase long-term loans, whereas small farms tend to use subsidies to obtain short-term loans; (ii subsidies tend to crowd out short-term loans for big farms and long-term loans for small farms; (iii when controlling for the endogeneity, the crowding out effect becomes smaller, but the positive causal effect of subsidies on bank loans remains significant.

  19. Climate Change and Agriculture: Can market governance mechanisms reduce emissions from the food system fairly and effectively?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garnett, Tara

    2012-05-15

    Climate and agriculture are inextricably linked: the climate affects agricultural production and is itself affected by agricultural emissions. Agriculture is responsible for 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. How agriculture is practised therefore has significant potential for mitigating climate change, for providing food security and for improving the livelihoods of millions of food producers worldwide. There is growing interest in the use of market governance mechanisms for tackling climate change by giving the financial incentives to make the kinds of changes that are required. But how widely are these mechanisms being used in agriculture, and are they effective in reducing emissions? What impact do they have on adaptation and other aspects of sustainable development? Are they able to balance the competing demands of producers and consumers, the environment and food security? The key messages emerging from this study are that economic measures have a vital part to play within this regulatory context, but they need to be designed with care. To be effective, emissions from food production and consumption must be addressed together. If not, emissions reduced in one region will simply be displaced elsewhere. A balance needs to be struck by applying a mix of approaches – regulatory, economic, voluntary, and information: no single measure will be effective in achieving emissions reductions on its own. 'Soft' measures, such as voluntary agreements and information have a part to play in providing an enabling context for action, but they must be backed up by 'harder' regulatory or economic measures. Regulation, in the form of a cap on emissions, is a prerequisite for other market governance measures to function well. To be effective, MGMs need to consider the social, cultural and economic context within which they operate.

  20. POLISH FARM MACHINERY MARKET AFTER ACCESSION TO THE EUROPEAN UNION – PRODUCTION AND SUPPLY OF MEANS OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Pawlak

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available After accession to the EU in 2004 the demand for tractors and agricultural implements has grown, followed by increasing supply of them. In 2012, the supply of brand-new agricultural tractors was by 185.4% higher than in 2003. In 2012 the value of renovation index of tractor fleet in agriculture was by 149.3% higher than in 2003. In spite of significant increase of demand for tractors, their production in 2012 was by 39.2% lower than in 2003. The downfall in number of tractors produced in Poland caused that imported tractors achieved more and more important share in supplies on Polish market. In 2003 the share of imports amounted to 64.0% and in 2012 – 91.4%. Production of most other means of agricultural mechanization was in 2012 higher than in 2003. The increase in a case of manure spreaders amounted to 704.3%; self loading or unloading agricultural tractor trailers – 362.1%; fertilizer spreader – 335.2%; field sowing machines – 245.3%; pick-up balers – 222.1% and harvester threshers – 194.8. Decreases were noted in cases of steamers – by 73.3%; potato planters – by 49.7%; harrows other than disc ones – by 42.2%; potato diggers – by 31.2% and rototillers – by 22.8%.

  1. Aansluiting middelbaar agrarisch onderwijs en arbeidsmarkt 1990 [Connection between secondary agricultural education and labour market 1990

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pierik, H.J.

    1990-01-01

    Two cohorts of students finished their secondary agricultural education (MAO) in the years 1978 and 1987 were traced and they were asked to evaluate their education and their career. Agricultural background / preliminary training / residence of MAO / subject / importance of fields of study in presen

  2. Food insecurity, soil degradation and agricultural markets in West Africa: why current policy approaches fail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koning, N.B.J.; Heerink, N.; Kauffman, S.

    2001-01-01

    The agricultural sector in West Africa is not at present capable of meeting the growing demand for food for its population and of reversing unfavourable trends in soil degradation. We argue that integrated soil management is an essential condition for sustainable agricultural development in the many

  3. Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Peter

    1987-01-01

    Explores the role of marketing in the modern firm and the key tasks of marketing management. Defines the term "marketing" and discusses it as an economic concept. Discusses three key marketing principals. (RKM)

  4. Empirical Research on Impact of Marketization of Agricultural Products on Income of Rural Households Based on Questionnaire Survey of Rural Household

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the survey and research on rural households in Changshu City and Jiangdu City of Jiangsu Province, this paper researches the microeconomic subject-commercial decision-making and production behaviours of the rural households, under the circumstance of development of agricultural product market in different regions. We conduct random sampling questionnaire survey on the rural households in 7 villages of Changshu City and Jiangdu City, Jiangsu Province, and obtain data, in order to judge and verify the theory, explore the relationship between market development of agricultural products, behaviours of rural households and income of rural households, and establish the econometric model of impact of market of agricultural products on income per capita of rural households. The research shows that there is difference in the level of socio-economic development in different regions of Jiangsu Province, and the effect of the same factors in different regions is not quite similar; the income structure of rural households and marketization development have great impact on total income per capita of rural households; the planting structure has significant impact on agricultural income per capita. Then the countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows: strengthen rural marketization building and broaden sales channel; reinforce information-based building and promote transparency and openness of rural market information; adjust the production structure of rural households rationally, coordinate agricultural production activities and non-agricultural activities of rural households, and balance the planting of cash crops and grain crops.

  5. Market access and agricultural production : the case of banana production in Uganda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bagamba, F.

    2007-01-01

    Keywords: Smallholder poor farmers, market access, bananas, productivity, efficiency, labour demand, labour supply,Uganda.This study investigates the effects of factor and commodity markets on the d

  6. The Effects of Defective Spatial Structure on the Agricultural Property Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bielska Anna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Rural areas in Poland are distinguished by one of the worst spatial structures of individual land properties in the European Union. The least favourable structure occurs in the southern and south-eastern part of the country, where it results in farms losing 20-30% of their agricultural revenue. The bad spatial organisation of land is also reflected in transaction prices obtained for agricultural land. Considering criteria such as: land management, parcel area, width, and elongation (length to width ratio, and soil bonitation value, this paper determines the effect of each of the criteria separately on the development of transaction prices of agricultural land in the years 2009-2014 in selected villages in the southern part of the Cegłów (Mińsk district, Mazowieckie province, distinguished by the unfavourable spatial structure of agricultural land. Meeting this objective involved the application of the analytical capacity of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS, cadastral data base, soil-agricultural map vector, study of the conditions and directions of the spatial management of the Cegłów area, and the property price and value register. The obtained study results suggest that in areas with particularly defective spatial structure, land with parameters permitting its efficient use, i.e. with proper width and elongation is particularly valuable. Another parameter determining the level of obtained prices is the bonitation value, although it is of less importance for the analysed area than for agricultural areas with proper management conditions.

  7. Marketing patterns of agricultural commodities in an upland area of Central Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline M. van Ommeren

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the uplands of Central Java a wide variety of dry cultivated crops are produced for subsistence as well as for cash. The marketing channels for these crops are also diverse. The producers can choose between selling at the market place or at their farms; either to consumers or traders; or they can sell their products to wholesalers in the towns. However, this freedom of choice is not absolute and is determined by the quantity of the merchandise. Farmers/who can sell large amounts of produce are able to bypass some steps in the hierarchical order of market places or traders. Thus, producers with relatively large farmlands can sell their commodities in more profitable ways compared to those with /smaller farms. Moreover, the latter are often forced to sell their produce below market value to traders who provided them with advance or who bought the crop before harvest (tebasan, because of their need for cash

  8. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steigelmann, W.; Asmon, I.

    1981-01-01

    The first year of cost-competitiveness, the market potential, and the environment in which PV systems would be marketed and employed were examined. Market elements specific to Mexico addressed include: (1) useful applications and estimates of the potential market for PV systems; (2) power requirements and load profiles for applications compatible with PV usage; (3) operating and cost characteristics of power systems that compete against PV; (4) national development goals in rural electrification and rural services, technology programs and government policies that influence the demand for PV in Mexico; (5) financing mechanisms and capital available for PV acquisition; (6) channels for distribution, installation and maintenance of PV systems; and (7) appropriate methods for conducting business in Mexico.

  9. Recent developments in marketing and pricing systems for agricultural export commodities in sub-Saharan Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Varangis, Panos; Takamasa AKIYAMA; Thigpen, Elton

    1990-01-01

    This paper documents the difficulties various countries in sub - Saharan Africa have had with marketing and pricing systems, and shows how these systems have been caused or exacerbated by government controls. It documents the steps several countries have taken toward relaxing those controls and allowing more participation by private enterprise. Some general conclusions are drawn about the kinds of changes in parastatal marketing organizations that most effectively improve their ability to mar...

  10. Product development strategy in the Danish agricultural complex: Global interaction with clusters of marketing excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Preben Sander

    1992-01-01

    A study of the Danish foods industry shows that producers of food products have built up and maintain development of end-user products in interaction with customers in distant sophisticated markets. Concurrently, the Danish agro-industrial complex been singled out in other studies as a paradigmat...... is that a company in search of partners for joint development in global agro-industra networks can realize a competitive advantage by applying a market view that is euclidean upstream and equidstant downstream.......A study of the Danish foods industry shows that producers of food products have built up and maintain development of end-user products in interaction with customers in distant sophisticated markets. Concurrently, the Danish agro-industrial complex been singled out in other studies as a paradigmatic...... produce and utilize sticky and fastchanging information about production and markets respectively. It is precisely by not interacting wi market business-to-business demand from changing end-user market that the Danish agro-industrial complex has avoided being insulated. The managerial implication...

  11. 水果农产品微营销策略研究%Study on Fruit Micro-marketing Strategy of Fruit Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田丹丹; 郁梅芳; 康宁; 王全娜; 李娜; 王月丽

    2016-01-01

    对水果农产品微营销策略进行分析,以基于微营销的运营方式展开研究,以水果农产品为销售实体,探究有关水果农产品的销售现状,结合微营销进行研究探索,对其进行问卷调查采访,综合分析结果,了解水果农产品在微营销中的优、劣势,对现有的水果农产品微营销方式进行分析,进一步分析探索出更加可行、更能创造经济价值的微营销策略。%The paper analyzed fruit agricultural micro-marketing strategy,research was conducted based on micro-marketing operating model,took fruit agricultural products for sales entity,inquiried about fruit agricultural products,combined with micro-marketing for research exploration,used questionnaire survey interview,integrated analysis results,understood the strengths and weaknesses of fruit agricultural products in micro-marketing,analyzed the existing fruit agricultural products micro-marketing way,further analyzed and explorated out micro-marketing strategy new which was more feasible and could create more economic value.

  12. Analysis of a Japan government intervention on the domestic agriculture market

    CERN Document Server

    Vitanov, N K; Jordanov, I P; Managi, S; Demura, K; Vitanov, Nikolay K.; Sakai, Kenshi; Jordanov, Ivan P.; Managi, Shunsuke; Demura, Katsuhiko

    2006-01-01

    We investigate an economic system in which one large agent - the Japan government changes the environment of numerous smaller agents - the Japan agriculture producers by indirect regulation of prices of agriculture goods. The reason for this intervention was that before the oil crisis in 1974 Japan agriculture production prices exhibited irregular and large amplitude changes. By means of analysis of correlations and a combination of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and time delay phase space construction (TDPSC) we study the influence of the government measures on the domestic piglet prices and production in Japan. We show that the government regulation politics was successful and leaded (i) to a decrease of the nonstationarities and to increase of predictability of the piglet price; (ii) to a coupling of the price and production cycles; (iii) to increase of determinism of the dynamics of the fluctuations of piglet price around the year average price. The investigated case...

  13. Agricultural Business Sales and Marketing. Instructor's Guide. Volume 16, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    This curriculum guide, intended for junior and senior students of vocational agriculture, contains nine units designed to develop competencies needed in agribusiness. Each unit contains 3 to 11 lessons on topics that include the nature of agribusiness, human relations in agribusiness, verbal and written communication, selling and salesmanship,…

  14. An Approach to Determining the Market for Academic Positions: Application to the Discipline of Agricultural Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Terence; Casavant, Ken; Jessup, Eric

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present issues that are relevant to pursuing an academic career in the chosen discipline of each student. The application will be a general case study of agricultural economics. The analytical model will be used to evaluate options for Ph.D. graduates in a supply and demand context. The first issue presented is a…

  15. 7 CFR 1218.11 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1218.11 Section 1218.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Market or marketing. (a) Marketing means the sale or other disposition of blueberries in any channel...

  16. Examining the Effect of World Price Transfer to Domestic Markets for Sensitive and Certain Agricultural Products in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. shabanzadeh

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Agriculture as one of old sectors of economy has been important role in the supply food for peoples and raw materials. Globalization causes rapid growth of world trade and reduces information and communications costs. Globalization and rapid growth of trade increases the potential benefits of trade for agriculture from various aspects. The potential benefits of trade for agriculture increases from three aspects. Direct increase in the domain of agricultural sector activities for competition in the global market results in the benefits of access to global markets. This is especially true in cases where there is comparative advantage and the indirect effects of increased global trade on non-agricultural sectors that cause the domestic demand for food change from qualitative and quantitative aspects, are the benefits of this event. However, during the process of globalization, how to influence prices in different markets, including the impact of world prices on domestic prices is an important issue in trade policy analysis. During this process domestic prices are directly related to world prices. With this approach, the main objective of this study is to examine the effect of world price transfers to domestic markets for sensitive and certain agricultural products in Iran during 1360-91. Materials and Methods: To achieve this goal in this study, the Armington and the foreign currency elasticity of ten selected agricultural products in Iran including wheat, barley, rice, corn, soybean meal, vegetable oil (soybean and sunflower, sugar, eggs, poultry and beef, have been estimated and examined using Autoregressive Distribution lag Model (ARDL. In order to investigate speed of adjustment or in other words the speed of movement towards equilibrium, typically the error correction model (ECM is used. Existence of cointegration or in other words, long term relationship between a set of economic variables provide the basis for the use of error

  17. Five Years of Chinese World Trade Organization Negotiations and the Impact on Domestic Agriculture Market Liberalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    economist. Thomas Malthus (1798) put forward the idea that food supplies could not possibly keep up with population growth rate in Essay on the Principals...unsustainable.”4 That thought permeated his book, and continued in a paper, “Beyond Malthus : Sixteen...market place to feed their people. 5 Lester Brown et al., “Beyond Malthus : Sixteen Dimensions of the

  18. Corn Production and Marketing. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The instructional unit designed to develop the effective ability of farmers to produce, harvest, store, and market corn profitably is structured in 11 lessons. The unit was developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer or adult farmer classes. The specific topic areas include varieties of corn, principles of…

  19. Soybean Production and Marketing. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irish, Paul; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The instructional unit was developed for use as a guide for planning and teaching adult or young farmer classes in Kentucky. The unit consists of 12 lessons covering various aspects of soybean production and marketing. The course objective is to develop the effective ability of farmers to plan for profitable soybean production. Transparency and…

  20. Agricultural market access proposals in the Doha round : Dutch agro-food interests

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, M.H.; Banse, M.A.H.

    2007-01-01

    This report analyses the impact of market access proposals tabled in the current WTO Doha round. The first part of the study assesses the 'bite' of tariff reductions by comparing border prices of Dutch products with those of imports before and after implementing tariff reductions. The second part of

  1. Analysis of a Japan government intervention on the domestic agriculture market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitanov, Nikolay K.; Sakai, Kenshi; Jordanov, Ivan P.; Managi, Shunsuke; Demura, Katsuhiko

    2007-08-01

    We investigate an economic system in which one large agent-the Japan government changes the environment of numerous smaller agents-the Japan agriculture producers by indirect regulation of prices of agriculture goods. The reason for this intervention was that before the oil crisis in 1974 Japan agriculture production prices exhibited irregular and large amplitude changes. By means of analysis of correlations and a combination of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and time delay phase space construction (TDPSC) we study the influence of the government measures on the domestic piglet prices and production in Japan. We show that the government regulation politics was successful and lead: (i) to a decrease of the nonstationarities and to increase of predictability of the piglet price; (ii) to a coupling of the price and production cycles; and (iii) to increase of determinism of the dynamics of the fluctuations of piglet price around the year average price. The investigated case is an example confirming the thesis that a large agent can change in a significant way the environment of the small agents in complex (economic or financial) systems which can be crucial for their survival or extinction.

  2. From past to future agricultural expertise in Africa: Jola women of Senegal expand market-gardening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linares, Olga F

    2009-12-15

    Jola women farmers in the Casamance region of southern Senegal use their "traditional" knowledge and farming skills to shift crop repertoires and techniques so as to embark on market-gardening, thus innovating in response to new needs and perceived opportunities. The argument is relevant to present-day concerns about regional food systems and the role of women in securing an income and providing extra food for the family.

  3. 农产品企业网络营销问题及对策%Problems and Countermeasures of Enterprises' Network Marketing of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石玺

    2013-01-01

    目前国内农业企业普遍存在着网络营销观念意识淡薄、人才缺乏、网络营销水平低下、网站推广不力等诸多问题;而要解决这些问题的就必须加强农业企业管理人员培训,树立正确网络营销意识;建设专业化网络营销队伍,提升服务水平;采用信息发布、第三方网络营销平台、Email营销等方法提高网络营销水平;建设农业企业网站并搭建企业自己的网络品牌.%At present, it has widespread problems in domestic agricultural enterprises, such as laek of Internet marketing concept consciousness and human resource, the low level of network marketing, ineffective website promotion; And to solve these problems, we must strengthen the training management personnel of agricultural enterprise, sets up the correct network marketing consciousness; build professional network marketing team, improve the service level; adopt to information release, the third party network marketing platform, Email marketing and other methods to enhance the level of network marketing; set up agricultural enterprise web site and build own network brand.

  4. 区域特色农产品的营销创新%Regional Characteristics of the Marketing of Agricultural Products Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雪梅

    2012-01-01

    The regional characteristics advantages in resources to translate into real economic advantage,it is necessary to implement innovative marketing of agricultural products,through the innovation of the agricultural marketing organization,marketing strategy,innovation,innovative transactions and other ways to create a unique competitive edge to achieve agricultural industry and farmers increase production.%区域特色资源优势要转化为现实的经济优势,就必须在农产品的营销上实施创新,通过农产品营销组织的创新、营销策略的创新、交易方式的创新等途径打造独特的竞争力,实现农业产业化和农民的增产增收。

  5. Growing Ethical Networks : The Fair Trade Market for Raw and Processed Agricultural Products (in Five Parts) with Associated Case Studies on Africa and Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Farnworth, Cathy; Goodman, Michael

    2008-01-01

    In the last decade, the "fair trade" of agricultural products and food has emerged as an important tool for creating markets for poor and small-scale farmers and simultaneously promoting pro-poor development. At its most basic, fair trade supports two processes: (1) explicit on-the-ground development for some of the most marginalized and poor actors in international agricultural commodity chains' smallholder farmers and plantation workers; and (2) clearly presenting and making visible the rel...

  6. Nonlinear bivariate dependency of price-volume relationships in agricultural commodity futures markets: A perspective from Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ling-Yun; Chen, Shu-Peng

    2011-01-01

    Nonlinear dependency between characteristic financial and commodity market quantities (variables) is crucially important, especially between trading volume and market price. Studies on nonlinear dependency between price and volume can provide practical insights into market trading characteristics, as well as the theoretical understanding of market dynamics. Actually, nonlinear dependency and its underlying dynamical mechanisms between price and volume can help researchers and technical analysts in understanding the market dynamics by integrating the market variables, instead of investigating them in the current literature. Therefore, for investigating nonlinear dependency of price-volume relationships in agricultural commodity futures markets in China and the US, we perform a new statistical test to detect cross-correlations and apply a new methodology called Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis (MF-DCCA), which is an efficient algorithm to analyze two spatially or temporally correlated time series. We discuss theoretically the relationship between the bivariate cross-correlation exponent and the generalized Hurst exponents for time series of respective variables. We also perform an empirical study and find that there exists a power-law cross-correlation between them, and that multifractal features are significant in all the analyzed agricultural commodity futures markets.

  7. 7 CFR 1212.14 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1212.14 Section 1212.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Definitions § 1212.14 Market or marketing....

  8. Impact of the world agricultural grocery markets on self-development of regional agrarian systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veniamin Vasil'evich Drokin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the impact of foreign economic grocery relations on the state of self-development and self-regulation in the agrarian sector of the country and regions. A definition of the concept of «self-regulation of the agrarian sector in the region» is given. The characteristic of long-term trends in food independence is given. In this regard, the current state of food self-sufficiency in the regions of Russia on essential grocery is analyzed. It is concluded that the majority of regions are characterized by low levels of selfsufficiency in grocery. The main trends of Russian food exports in recent years are shown. The reasons for the sharp growth in grain exports are analyzed. The estimation of the possibilities for further increase of exports of these products in connection with the planned growth of consumption and production of staple food as predicted by the Russian government is made. In general, the authors believe that low levels of food self-sufficiency of the country may be not only at significant food imports, but also at low volumes of imports, coupled with the high volume of agricultural exports. Accordingly, in both cases the possibility of selfdevelopment of the regional agrarian scope is undermined because of the influence of external factors (low levels of food self-sufficiency in the country.

  9. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...... of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During...... the last decades, the composition of agricultural support has changed significantly. Market price support has decreased, and direct support has increased....

  10. Marketing in the pre-development process of agricultural machines: a reference model Marketing no pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas: um modelo de referência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre S. de Oliveira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the research is the development of the domain of marketing knowledge in the design of agricultural machinery. It is developed throughout the design of agricultural machinery in order to identify the corporate and customers needs and to develop strategies to satisfy these needs. The central problem of the research questions which marketing tools to apply on pre-development process of farm machinery, in order to increase the market value of the products and of the company and, consequently, generate competitive advantage to the manufacturers of agricultural machinery. As methodology, it was developed bibliographical research and multicase study of the development process of agricultural machinery developed by small, medium and large companies and the academy. As a result, a marketing reference model was elaborated for the pre-development stage of agricultural machinery, which outlines the activities, tasks, mechanisms and controls that can be used in strategic planning and in products planning of agricultural machinery manufacturers, contributing to explain the explicit knowledge in the marketing field.O tema de pesquisa é o desenvolvimento do domínio de conhecimento de marketing no projeto de máquinas agrícolas. Este é desenvolvido ao longo do projeto de máquinas agrícolas a fim de identificar as necessidades dos clientes e da corporação e criar estratégias para que sejam satisfeitas. O problema central de pesquisa questiona quais mecanismos de marketing utilizar no processo de pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas, para aumentar o valor de mercado dos produtos e da empresa e, conseqüentemente, gerar um diferencial competitivo às fabricantes de máquinas agrícolas. Como metodologia desenvolveu-se pesquisas bibliográficas e estudo de multicasos do processo de desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas desenvolvido pelas pequenas, médias e grandes empresas e pela academia. Como resultado elaborou-se um modelo

  11. Assessing the adaptive capacity of agriculture in the Netherlands to the impacts of climate change under different market and policy scenarios (AgriAdapt project).

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wolf, J.; Reidsma, P.; Schaap, B.F.; Mandryk, M.; Kanellopoulos, A.; Ewert, F.; Oort, van P.A.J.; Angulo, C.; Rumbaur, C.; Lock, R.; Enders, A.; Adenauer, M.; Heckelei, T.; Rötter, R.P.; Fronzek, S.; Carter, T.R.; Verhagen, A.; Ittersum, van M.K.

    2012-01-01

    The AgriAdapt project has developed methodologies that enable (a) the assessment of impacts, risks and resiliencies for agriculture under changes in climatic conditions but also under changes of other drivers (market, technology, policy, etc.) and (b) the evaluation of adaptation strategies at farm

  12. 基于网络视角的农产品营销策略%Marketing Strategies of Agricultural Products from the Prospective of Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明骞; 陈爱兰

    2012-01-01

    伴随网络和通讯技术的快速发展,网络经济方兴未艾,网络营销逐渐进入人们的视野,并推动了农产品网络营销的发展。福建省三明市以其得天独犀的自然条件,农产品产业发展态势良好,但受限于传统的营销模式,未能走出一条农业产业化新路子。三明市必须适应市场变化。及时转变传统营销模式,大力推进农产品网络营销,并从加快农村信息化建设、建立农产品标准化体系、完善农产品物流系统和提升务农人员的整体素质等方面推进农产品网络营销。%Accompanied by the rapid development of network and communication technologies, network economy is in the ascendant, and network marketing is also gradually enter people's vision, which are promoting the development of the network marketing of agricultural products. The developing status of agricultural industry in Sanming city of Fujian province is favorable because of its unique natural conditions. However, it is limited by the traditional marketing model and has not founded a new way of agricultural industrialization. Sanming must adapt to market changes, timely change the traditional marketing mode, push forward the network marketing of agricultural products vigorously. In order to promote the network marketing of agricultural products, Sanming must speed up the rural informatization construction, build the agricultural product standardization system, perfect the agricultural products logistics system and improve farm workers' overall quality and so on.

  13. Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambers, David W

    2010-01-01

    There is not enough marketing of dentistry; but there certainly is too much selling of poor quality service that is being passed off as dentistry. The marketing concept makes the patient and the patients' needs the ultimate criteria of marketing efforts. Myths and good practices for effective marketing that will promote oral health are described under the traditional four "Ps" categories of "product" (best dental care), "place" (availability), "promotion" (advertising and other forms of making patients aware of available services and how to use them), and "price" (the total cost to patients of receiving care).

  14. 7 CFR 170.5 - Is there a fee to participate in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA...

  15. 7 CFR 170.14 - What circumstances will prevent participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946...

  16. A Survey of Environment and Demands Along with a Marketing Communications Plan for WatPutthabucha Market to Promote Agricultural Tourism through Main Media and Online Social Network Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuntida Thamwipat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to examine the current environment and the demands and to make a marketing communications plan for WatPuttabucha Market to promote agricultural tourism through main media and online social network media. Moreover, it was aimed to build up working experiences for research with communities near the campus through the integration of course instruction and community service. The data were collected in the second term of academic year 2012 between January and February 2013 in WatPuttabucha Market and nearby communities. There were 2 sampling groups as in King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi students (50 persons and WatPuttabucha Market and nearby community members (50 persons. In total, there were 100 persons for the survey. This collection was based on an accidental basis. According to the data concerning the environment, WatPuttabucha Market had 9 interesting shops for agricultural tourism and 4 major tourist attractions. As for the demands, it was found that 47 students (or 94% would like WatPuttabucha Market to be open as a site for agricultural tourism mainly on Saturday and Sunday. 47 persons from WatPuttabucha Market and nearby communities (or 94% also would like it to be open mainly on Saturday and Sunday. As for the communicative plan, it was found that there were 7 kinds of main media. There were 5 kinds of online social network media for check-in special events. The majority of students (mean score of 4.89 and standard deviation of 0.86 agreed with the integration of research in their Marketing Communication course because it allowed them to get more familiar with communities near the campus and recommended continuing this similar project for the next year.

  17. 对我国农业再保险市场的探析%The Analysis of Chinese Agriculture Reinsurance Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦晓华

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural insurance in China runs bad and the development of agricultural reinsurance is slow currently. In the past ten years, our government pmmulgatod a number of agricultural reinsurance supporting policy, but the lack of laws and regulations, management main body and technology restricts the development of agricultural reinsurance market, therefore agricultural reinsurance system has not really been built. Our country can accelerate the pace of the construction of laws and regulations, take a legislative mode by adding agricultural reinsurance law to agricultural insurance law, and formulate an agricultural reinsurance contract legal system. At the same time, the government may establish a national agricultural reinsurance company, an agricultural insurance data center and an agriculttLral reinsurance broker, and strengthen to train agricultural reinsurance talents.%当前我国农业保险经营状况不甚理想,农业再保险发展更是缓慢。过去的近十年里,政府出台了一些农业再保险的支持政策,但法律法规、经营主体及技术的缺失制约了农业再保险市场的发展,农业再保险体系仍未真正建成。我国可以加快法律法规建设的步伐,采取农业保险和农业再保险合并立法的模式,并制定农业再保险合同法律制度。同时,政府可成立国家农业再保险公司、农业保险数据中心及农业再保险经纪公司,并加强农业再保险人才的培养。

  18. Analysis of eight organophosphorus pesticide residues in fresh vegetables retailed in agricultural product markets of Nanjing, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ligang; Liang, Yongchao; Jiang, Xin

    2008-10-01

    A method to effectively remove pigments in fresh vegetables using activated carbon followed cleanup through solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge to further reduce matrix interference and contamination, was established to determine eight organophosphorous pesticides (OPPs) by gas chromatography (GC) with nitrogen-phosphorus detection (NPD) in this study, and it has been successfully applied for the determination of eight OPPs in various fresh vegetables with the recoveries ranging from 61.8% to 107%. To evaluate eight OPPs residue level, some fresh vegetables retailed at three agricultural product markets (APM) of Nanjing in China were detected, the results showed that phorate in Shanghai green (0.0257 microg g(-1)) and Chinese cabbage (0.0398 microg g(-1)), dimethoate in Shanghai green (0.0466-0.0810 microg g(-1)), Chinese cabbage (0.077 microg g(-1)), and spinach (0.118-0.124 microg g(-1)), methyl-parathion in Shanghai green (0.0903 microg g(-1)), Chinese cabbage (0.157 microg g(-1)), and spinach (0.0924 microg g(-1)), malathion in Shanghai green (0.0342-0.0526 microg g(-1)), chorpyrifos in spinach (0.106-0.204 microg g(-1)), and Chinese cabbage (0.149 microg g(-1)), chlorfenvinfos in carrot (0.094-0.131 microg g(-1)), were found. However, fonofos and fenthion were not detected in all the collected vegetable samples.

  19. 7 CFR 1206.12 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1206.12 Section 1206.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.12 Market or...

  20. PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL OF THE ROLE OF CYCLE TRADERS IN THE MARKETING OF AGRICULTURAL STAPLES IN MAMU, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Olubanjo, O.O.; Womiloju, S.O.; Akanni, Kassim Adekunle

    2004-01-01

    The study analyzed the performance of cycle traders in the marketing of foodstuffs in Mamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. A survey was carried out in the boundary market over five cycle market days across one hundred and fifty (150) foodstuffs traders. Cycle traders were grouped into fifteen (15) homogenous foodstuffs trading categories. Descriptive analytical tools were then used to analyse the socio-demographic characteristics of foodstuffs marketers in the market. Further, quantitative analytical t...

  1. Strategies for implementing Climate Smart Agriculture and creating marketable Greenhouse emission reduction credits, for small scale rice farmers in Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahuja, R.; Kritee, K.; Rudek, J.; Van Sanh, N.; Thu Ha, T.

    2014-12-01

    Industrial agriculture systems, mostly in developed and some emerging economies, are far different from the small holder farms that dot the landscapes in Asia and Africa. At Environmental Defense Fund, along with our partners from non-governmental, corporate, academic and government sectors and farmers, we have worked actively in India and Vietnam for the last four years to better understand how small scale farmers working on rice paddy (and other upland crops) cultivation can best deal with climate change. Some of the questions we have tried to answer are: What types of implementable best practices, both old and new, on small farm systems lend themselves to improved yields, farm incomes, climate resilience and mitigation? Can these practices be replicated everywhere or is the change more landscape and people driven? What are the institutional, cultural, financial and risk-perception related barriers that prevent scaling up of these practices? How do we innovate and overcome these barriers? The research community needs to work more closely together and leverage multiple scientific, economic and policy disciplines to fully answer these questions. In the case of small farm systems, we find that it helps to follow certain steps if the climate-smart (or low carbon) farming programs are to succeed and the greenhouse credits generated are to be marketed: Demographic data collection and plot demarcation Farmer networks and diaries Rigorous baseline determination via surveys Alternative practice determination via consultation with local universities/experts Measurements on representative plots for 3-4 years (including GHG emissions, yields, inputs, economic and environmental savings) to help calibrate biogeochemical models and/or calculate regional emission factors. Propagation of alternative practices across the landscape via local NGOs/governments Recording of parameters necessary to extrapolate representative plot GHG emission reductions to all farmers in a given

  2. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS BY THE JAPANESE CANDLES METHOD ON THE EXAMPLE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETS ANALIZA TECHNICZNA METODA SWIEC JAPONSKICH NA PRZYKLADZIE RYNK ROLNYCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANNA JAKUBCZAK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The key goal of work was to study of basic information possibilities of the Japanese Candles method and to present its usefulness to make decisions on agricultural markets. The method is a result of the evolution of methods of technical analysis, which lasted for centuries. The usefulness of this method to make decisions is high, but significantly affect have the ability to interpret the observed signals and taking into account the specificities of agricultural markets.Celem opracowania bylo zbadanie podstawowych mozliwosci informacyjnych metody swiec japonskich oraz przedstawienie jej przydatnosci do podejmowania decyzji na rynkach rolnych. Zaprezentowano zwiezla ewolucje metod analizy technicznej oraz scharakteryzowano podstawowe narzedzia metody swiec japonskich, takie jak objecie bessy i hossy, pojedyncze swiece i ich formacje dajace sygnal do wycofania z rynku, doji , luki oraz formacje kontynuacji trendu.

  3. Improved (ERTS) information and its impact on U.S. markets for agricultural commodities: A quantitiative economic investigation of production, distribution and net export effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    An econometric investigation into the markets for agricultural commodities is summarized. An overview of the effort including the objectives, scope, and architecture of the analysis and the estimation strategy employed is presented. The major empirical results and policy conclusions are set forth. These results and conclusions focus on the economic importance of improved crop forecasts, U.S. exports, and government policy operations. A number of promising avenues of further investigation are suggested.

  4. Positive Effects of Mass Media on Agricultural Products Market%大众传播对农产品市场的积极影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋智陶

    2013-01-01

    The positive effects of mass media on agricultural products market can be illustrated from agricultural production and its circulation. The information of market, technology and policy provided by mass media has a positive influence on the mode and decision-making of agricultural production. And the information of circulation has a significant impact on its price and marketing operation.%  大众传播对农产品市场的积极影响可以从农产品的生产和流通两个环节加以说明,大众媒体提供的市场信息、技术信息及政策信息,对农业生产决策、生产方式具有积极影响,而流通环节中的信息提供,则对农产品市场运行状况及农产品价格的形成具有重要意义。

  5. Strengthen agricultural marketing to promote the "two high and one excellent" role of agriculture%加强农机化推广对促进“两高一优”农业建设的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爱杰

    2013-01-01

    随着社会主义现代化建设的深入进行,农业现代化成为新农村建设的主要内容之一。“两高一优”作为农村经济发展的重要目标,其前提是高质量,其目标是高效益。作为一项系统的建设工程,农机推广的效果对于两高一优目标的实现,有着重要的意义。在农机资源配置的过程中,以市场为导向,以商品经济运行为规律,由传统农业向现代化的农业发展。%With the deepening of socialist modernization, agricultural modernization to become the new rural construc-tion of the main elements. "High priority" as an important goal of rural economic development, on the premise that high-quality, with the goal of high returns. As a system of construction project, the effect of agricultural extension high a priori-ty for the two goals, has an important significance. In the process of agricultural resources, market-oriented, commodity e-conomy as law, from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture.

  6. The carbon markets: which place for the french agriculture; Les marches du carbone: quelle place pour l'agriculture francaise?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-02-15

    Even its positive role of carbon sequestration in the biomass by photosynthesis, the agriculture sector is responsible of about 20% of the french greenhouse gases emissions. Actions aim to reduce these emissions. This study allows the exploration of technic of reduction to reveal those which combine voluntarism, actors responsibility and economic profitability. It constitutes necessary work to better understand the greenhouse gases stakes in the agriculture and develop inventive projects. It offers also actions to implement by the public authorities to create success conditions of described mechanisms. (A.L.B.)

  7. Factor Markets in Applied Equilibrium Models: The current state and planned extensions towards an improved presentation of factor markets in agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shutes, L.J.; Rothe, A.; Banse, M.A.H.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes how factor markets are presented in applied equilibrium models and how we plan to improve and to extend the presentation of factor markets in two specific models: MAGNET and ESIM. We do not argue that partial equilibrium models should become more ‘general’ in the sense of integr

  8. The Emergence and Development of Green High-end Agricultural Market%绿色高端农业市场的出现和发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇岩

    2011-01-01

    With the development of market economy, market segmentation not only exists in commercial operation, the traditional agriculture is gradually differentiated from the low-end to development, especially the recent emergence of the green high-end agricultural markets and the impact of production and consumption has the increasing tendency obviously, and the emergence of this market will bring the impact of new ideas to the farming (aquaculture), brokers and consumers, and present vitality.%随着市场经济的发展,市场细分不仅存在于商业运营中,传统的农业也逐步从低端向差异化发展,特别是近期绿色高端农业市场的出现及对生产和消费产生的影响趋势愈加明显,而这一市场的出现将对农业种植(养殖)、中间商和消费者带来新的观念冲击,并呈现出勃勃生机.

  9. The impact of marketing systems on soil sustainability of agriculture in developing countries : a method and an application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castaño, J.; Meulenberg, M.T.G.; Tilburg, van A.

    2005-01-01

    This article is concerned with soil-sustainability problems of agriculture in developing countries, in particular with soil erosion. The aim of our study is to develop a comprehensive model that explains the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices with respect to soil conservation. Our approa

  10. 75 FR 32306 - Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act: Impact of Post-Default Agreements on Trust Protection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 46 Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act: Impact of Post-Default Agreements on Trust Protection Eligibility AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing..., Acting Administrator, Agricultural Marketing. BILLING CODE P...

  11. SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISE PRICE MARKETING STRATEGY RESEARCH%中小农产品企业价格博弈理论研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张洁

    2011-01-01

    本文基于营销价格理论,分析了农产品行业目前存在的问题及影响,并以两种价格博弈为例分析中小农产品企业价格(博弈主要产生于企业与客户,如渠道的中间商、零售商以及终端客户、企业与其他农产品企业之间)。最后给出营销策略。%Based on the marketing price theory,this paper analyses the existing problems and its influence in the agricultural industry,and with two price games as an example,analyzed small and medium-sized agricultural enterprise price(game mainly produced in enterprise and customers,such as channel middlemen,retailers and terminal customers,enterprise and other agricultural products between enterprise).Finally give marketing strategies.

  12. Bio-energy utilizes surplusses at the agricultural commodity markets. Large potentials of the biomass; Bioenergie verwertet Ueberschuesse an den Agrarmaerkten. Grosse Potenziale der Biomasse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-03-19

    At the beginning of spring in the northern hemisphere, the situation in agricultural markets relaxes visibly. After the year 2012 was characterized by periods of drought in the United States and some Eastern European countries, in recent months good harvests in major producing countries in the southern hemisphere have provided that the stocks of major agricultural commodities are grown again. Thus, enough resources are still available for the supply of food and energy. There still exists land potential in Europe and on other continents for the use of bio-energy. In addition to new power plant crops, known arable crop cultures contribute to the exploration of such a potential: An example of this is the sugar beet. The view on the global supply balance in agricultural goods inter alia the major staple food rice shows that there exist large surpluses on the food markets. However, these surpluses do not benefit the hungry persons in the world. Hunger is a problem of distribution which is not associated with the growth of bio-energy.

  13. New Marketing Channel for Special Local Agricultural Products in Anhui Province%安徽省特色农产品营销渠道创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 雷勋平

    2012-01-01

    In Anhui Province, special local agricultural products represent local brands and play an importanl and leading role in forming the agricultural product structure and in increasing farmers' income. The marketing channels for thesc products have been basically formed, but there arc still some problems. We have conducted extensive researches in major areas of the province and in this paper we put forward new strategies concerning marketing channels of these products in the hope to promote development of agricultural businesses and further increase farmers' income.%特色农产品在安徽省整个农产品结构中发挥着重要的引领作用,是地方农产品品牌的代表,其产业发展对于农民增收具有重要的推动作用。安徽省特色农产品营销渠道虽已初步形成,但尚存在一些问题。本课题组通过对安徽省典型地区进行广泛调研,提出安徽省特色农产品渠道创新策略,希望促进农民的增收和农业企业的发展。

  14. Agricultural Marketing in a Country in Transition : Case of Sweetpotato Products in Sichuan P.R. China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, X.Y.

    1999-01-01

    China's achievements in its reform from a centrally planned economy toward a marketing economy during the last two decades are substantial. Although it still has a long way to go to reach its targeted aims, half of China's economy is now 'marketised, or is responsive to market forces (Lawrence, 1998

  15. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  16. 我国农产品期货与现货市场之间的信息传递效应%Information Transmission Effect between Agricultural Commodity Futures Market and Spot Market in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晨辉; 刘新梅; 魏振祥

    2011-01-01

    The information transmission effect between agricultural commodity futures markets and spot markets are examined by constructing ECM and bivariate EC-GARCH(1,1) model based on the student-t distribution with daily data in corn and sugar spot-futures market. The research results show that the spot and futures markets have long-run equilibrium relationship and bidirectional price leading relationship as well as bidirectional volatility spillover effect. Moreover, the volatility spillover effect from futures markets to spot markets is greater. The spillover effect of the volume is significant and the open interest's is insignificant.%通过构建误差修正项模型和基于t分布的双变量EC-EGARCH(1,1)模型,选取玉米和白糖期货作为研究样本对我国农产品期货市场和现货市场之间的的信息传递效应进行了实证研究.结论表明:农产品期、现货市场之间存在长期均衡关系、相互引导关系和相互波动溢出效应,并且期货市场对现货市场的波动溢出效应大于现货市场对期货市场的波动溢出效应;检验了期货市场交易量和持仓量的信息传递效应,发现只有交易量对现货市场有显著的正反馈信息传递效应.

  17. 7 CFR 985.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 985.50 Section 985.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING...

  18. 7 CFR 985.9 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 985.9 Section 985.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING...

  19. 7 CFR 947.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 947.50 Section 947.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulation § 947.50 Marketing policy. (a) Preparation. Prior to each marketing season the committee...

  20. 7 CFR 1250.312 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1250.312 Section 1250.312 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1250.312 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or...

  1. 7 CFR 946.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 946.50 Section 946.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 946.50 Marketing policy. (a) Prior to each marketing season,...

  2. 7 CFR 1215.9 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1215.9 Section 1215.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other disposition of unpopped popcorn for human consumption in...

  3. 7 CFR 1219.16 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1219.16 Section 1219.16 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Marketing. Marketing means any activity related to the sale or other disposition of Hass avocados in...

  4. 7 CFR 1150.118 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Marketing. 1150.118 Section 1150.118 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Definitions § 1150.118 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other disposition in commerce...

  5. 7 CFR 993.41 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 993.41 Section 993.41 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 993.41 Marketing policy. (a) On or before the first...

  6. 7 CFR 984.7 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 984.7 Section 984.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 984.7 Marketing year. Marketing year means the twelve months from...

  7. 7 CFR 989.54 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 989.54 Section 989.54 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 989.54 Marketing policy. (a) Trade demand. On...

  8. 7 CFR 916.15 - Marketing season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing season. 916.15 Section 916.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 916.15 Marketing season. Marketing season means the period beginning...

  9. 7 CFR 1260.127 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1260.127 Section 1260.127 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.127 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other...

  10. 7 CFR 983.47 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 983.47 Section 983.47 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Marketing Policy § 983.47 Marketing policy. Prior to August 1st each year,...

  11. 7 CFR 1205.320 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 1205.320 Section 1205.320 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.320 Marketing year. Marketing year means a consecutive...

  12. 7 CFR 1209.10 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1209.10 Section 1209.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS....10 Marketing. (a) Marketing means the sale or other disposition of mushrooms in any channel...

  13. 7 CFR 982.17 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 982.17 Section 982.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 982.17 Marketing year. Marketing year means the 12...

  14. 7 CFR 966.111 - Marketing Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Regulations Definitions § 966.111 Marketing Agreement. Marketing Agreement means Marketing... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing Agreement. 966.111 Section 966.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  15. 7 CFR 947.111 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Definitions § 947.111 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means Marketing Agreement No. 114, as amended. ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 947.111 Section 947.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  16. 7 CFR 927.12 - Export market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export market. 927.12 Section 927.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 927.12 Export market. Export market means any destination...

  17. 7 CFR 1216.14 - Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market. 1216.14 Section 1216.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.14 Market. Market...

  18. 7 CFR 29.37 - Designated market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designated market. 29.37 Section 29.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.37 Designated market. An auction market designated by the...

  19. Beyond the census : Reconstructing Dutch women's labour market participation in agriculture in the Netherlands, ca. 1830–1910

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Nederveen Meerkerk, Elise; Paping, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Many historians have pointed out for various countries that nineteenth-century national censuses do not accurately reflect women’s economic activity. This was no different for the Dutch national censuses. In this article, we argue that under-recording was especially severe in agriculture, and that t

  20. The Opening Up of China’s Agricultural Products Market%中国农产品市场的对外开放

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄海

    2015-01-01

    中共十八届三中全会提出构建开放型经济新体制,以开放促改革,农产品市场也将真正全面、全方位对外开放,基本上取消各种限制。一是农产品贸易进一步开放,进口农产品的品种和数量会越来越多;二是引进、创新农产品流通模式的力度加大,我国农产品批发市场要在经营目标、管理方式、交易方式等方面加强创新,统筹规划,打造升级版;三是农产品物流技术和设施特别是冷链物流成为引进资金、技术和先进管理的重点领域。%It is put forward in the fourth plenary sessions of the 18th CPC Central Committee that we should build a new open economy and further opening up to boost reform;the agricultural products market should also be opened up in an all-round way and almost all of the limitations will be removed. First,the trade of agricultural products will be further opened up and the variety and quantity of imported agricultural products will be increased;second,more and more efforts will be spent on the introduction and innovation of agricultural products circulation pattern and the wholesale market of that will be changed in terms of operation target,way of management and transaction;and third,agricultural products logistic technology and facilities, especially the cold chain logistics,will become the focus of introduced capital,technology and advanced management.

  1. 农产品营销渠道的构建及发展趋势研究%RESEARCH ON BUILDING AND DEVELOPING TREND OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS MARKETING CHANNEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡创业

    2015-01-01

    随着现代农业及现代农业流通体系在世界范围内的发展,我国的农产品营销渠道模式也发生着剧烈变化.在传统的农产品营销渠道模式下,农户与传统批发商、村镇小商贩、集贸市场及粮油副食零售构成了农产品营销渠道的主体,因渠道成员普遍规模较小、相互协作较少,其渠道能力明显不足以应对不断发展的农产品消费市场.农业现代化的发展与农产品市场规模的扩张,使得农产品营销渠道必然走向与现代超市、零售企业、大型农产品经销商、农产品加工及农产品物流企业密切协作的新型高效率农产品营销渠道.文章列举了农产品营销渠道构建的影响因素,继而分析了农产品营销的现有渠道模式与营销渠道建设中存在的问题,在此基础上,提出建设一体化农产品营销渠道、创新农产品营销渠道交易方式及建设规模化经营的现代批发商是发展农产品营销渠道的必然趋势.%With the development of modern agriculture and modern agricultural circulation system in the world, the marketing channel of agricultural products in China has also changed dramatically. In the traditional agricultural products marketing channel mode, the main body of agricultural products marketing channelconstituted of farmers and traditional wholesalers, village small traders, markets and non-staple food grain and oil retail. Thechannel capacity was clearly not enough to respond to the increasingly development of agricultural products consumer market due to the small scale of the channel members. With the development of the modern agriculture and the expansion of agricultural product market scale, the agricultural products marketing channel shouldcooperate more closely with modern supermarkets and retail enterprises, large dealers in agricultural products, agricultural products processing and agricultural products logistics enterprises. The influence factors of

  2. An investigation analysis on agricultural chemical marketing management in Fangchenggang City%防城港市农药经营管理情况调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑德剑

    2009-01-01

    农药作为防治农作物病虫害的特殊商品,它的使用对确保农业生产丰收起着关键性作用,随着使用量的逐年增加,其经营利润也凸显出来,因此而产生了一系列的经营和管理的问题.本文通过实地调查与资料调查相结合的办法,对防城港市农药经营管理进行了调查,结果表明,农药经营管理存在经营不规范、安全意识不高、监管不到位等问题,并对存在的问题进行了深入的分析,提出了规范农药市场的经营管理应对策略.%As the special commodities for controlling crop diseases and insects, agricultural chemical's utilization makes a key function on ensure farming harvest and along with their application increase yearly, their profit is becoming bigger and bigger and a series of problems in marketing management are occurred. Based on field investigation and data collection, this paper has analyzed the management situation of agricultural chemical in Fangchenggang City, and the results show that there are some problems such as nonstandard marketing, lower security awareness, weaker supervision etc. This paper has also analyzed the existing problems and put forward measures to enhance marketing management.

  3. 77 FR 6055 - Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement Program (FSMIP) AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) announces the availability...

  4. Research on Teaching Reform of Internet Marketing in ;Beijing University of Agriculture%北京农学院网络营销教学改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严继超; 刘瑞涵

    2015-01-01

    信息技术的发展迫使网络营销理论与技术处于不断变化之中,因此网络营销的教学也必处于不断变革和发展之中。北京农学院网络营销教学在课程结构、学时安排和授课内容三个方面进行了改革,其中课程结构和学时安排上的改革较为成功,授课内容改革还需要进一步完善。%The development of information technology forced the theory and technology of Internet marketing to change constantly, so the teaching of Internet marketing was in constant change and development. In Beijing University of Agriculture, the teaching reform of Internet marketing occurred in three aspects, which were course structure, class hours and teaching content. The re-form of course structure and class hours was successful, and teaching content needed to be further improved.

  5. Practical Significance of Basin Water Market Construction on Agricultural Production%流域水市场建设对我国农业生产的现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭新育; 吴旭贤

    2011-01-01

    在介绍水市场相关概念并对国内外关于水市场的研究进展进行简述的基础上,分析了水市场的制度设计特点:农业水权的优先分配;市场结构的紧密构筑;取水权和排污权的合理定价;取水总量与排污总量的科学制定.揭示了流域水市场建设对我国农业生产的现实意义:保障农业用水安全;有效缓解农业旱情;节约农业生产用水;提高农产品质量.%On the basis of introducing the concept of water market and the water market research both domestic market and foreign market, the system design features of water market is analyzed. The features include the prior distribution of agricultural water right, the close construction of market structure, reasonable price making of the water obtaining right and water pollution-discharge right and scientific stipulation of total volume of water use and total volume of pollution drainage. The practical significances of basin water market construction on Chinese agricultural produc tion are revealed, which clover safeguarding the safety of agricultural water; effectively alleviating agricultural drought; saving the agricultural production water and improving the quality of agricultural products.

  6. 7 CFR 170.13 - What are the operating guidelines for the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS...) Cooperative Marketing. Participants are permitted to share space with another participant or sell...

  7. 78 FR 32227 - Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act; Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act; Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice and... 35), this document announces the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) intention to request...

  8. 78 FR 52131 - Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds... Application (Application for Federal Assistance Standard Form 424) to the Agricultural Marketing Service...

  9. 76 FR 20217 - Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act: Impact of Post-Default Agreements on Trust Protection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-12

    ... / Tuesday, April 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing... Protection Eligibility AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The.... * * * * * Dated: April 5, 2011. Ellen King, Acting Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service. BILLING...

  10. 7 CFR 900.14 - Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Execution and issuance of marketing agreements and marketing orders. 900.14 Section 900.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS...

  11. 7 CFR 170.2 - Is the USDA Farmers Market a producer-only market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Is the USDA Farmers Market a producer-only market? 170...) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.2 Is the USDA Farmers Market a producer-only market? Yes. A producer-only market is one that does not...

  12. On the New Opportunities for the Building of Informationization of Agricultural Product Wholesale Market%新机遇下的农产品批发市场信息化建设思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉英

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural product wholesale market is the central link of circulation of agricultural products,connecting the producing and selling of agricultural products.But there are many issues to be resolved in agricultural product wholesale markets in China,such as the weak market infrastructure,the unreasonable planning and layout,the backward and single transactions,and market information,the low level of market information and market management,the imperfect relevant legal system,the unreasonable formation of prices of agricultural products,the low level of organization of production and sales,the quality and safety of agricultural products,etc.In 2011 and 2012,agricultural product wholesale market is facing new opportunities in the construction,which provides good conditions for solving the issues about the informationization of agricultural product wholesale markets.%目前,我国农产品批发市场存在着很多有待解决的问题。诸如,市场基础设施总体薄弱,规划布局不合理,交易方式大都落后且单一,市场信息化水平偏低,市场管理水平不到位,相关法律制度不完善,农产品价格形成不规范,产销组织化程度偏低,农产品质量安全等问题。文章以2011年和2012年农产品批发市场信息化建设面临的新机遇为切入点,提出应健全相关法律法规、采取层次梯度和试点相结合的方式、建立专业的电子商务做基础保障等措施,以加快农产品批发市场信息化建设的步伐。

  13. China's Agricultural Products Markets in 2014 and Their Prospects for 2015%2014年中国农产品市场分析及2015年展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟雪玲; 沈贵银

    2015-01-01

    2014年中国农产品市场供给充足,但需求低迷,农产品价格整体稳中偏弱,部分产品下跌幅度较大。粮食市场“政策市”特征明显,市场机制弱化。国内外价格倒挂现象更加明显,农产品进口继续增长。展望未来,2015年农产品供给形势较为宽裕﹑宏观经济复苏有限,农产品需求难有大的改观,农产品价格整体弱势震荡,但具体产品有所差异。%The supply of China's agricultural products was adequate in 2014, but the demand was weak. The prices of agricultural products were overall stable and weak, while parts of agricultural products prices showed a larger decline. The grain market was like a policy-oriented market in character, and the market mechanism was weak. The prices of domestic agricultural products were obviously higher than in international market, which made the import of agricultural products continue growing. Looking to the future, the situation of supply and demand of agricultural products will be easy in 2015, macroeconomic recovery will be limited, and agricultural products demand will remain depressed and the prices of agricultural products will fluctuate slightly, but the situation will be different in different varieties.

  14. Construction of Customization Marketing Service Model for Agricultural Product Cold Chain Logistics Enterprises%农产品冷链物流企业的定制营销服务模型构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原惠群; 舒文定

    2012-01-01

    在借鉴第三方物流企业定制营销模式的基础上,通过介绍农产品冷链物流企业实现定制化营销服务的依据与模式,对农产品冷链物流企业定制化营销中的各个模块进行了具体的说明,为我国农产品冷链物流企业开展满足客户个性化需求的定制营销提供一定的借鉴。%China agricultural cold chain has a vast market,a trend of diversification and personalization for the customer demand.According to the personalized demand of customers,the customization marleting is increasingy respected and widely recognized by enterprises and customers.Therefore,it is particularly important to further analyse customization behavior of agricultural cold chain logistics enterprise.Based on the reference to the customization marketing model of the third party logistics enterprise,this paper describes each module of customization marketing in details,through introducing the basis and mode of achieving customized marketing services for the agricultural product cold chain logistics enterprises.It is hoped that a certain reference can be provided to our country agricultural cold chain logistics enterprises for implementing the customization marketing to meet customer demand for individual requirements.

  15. Marketing marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Alsem, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    In deze installatierede betoogt Karel Jan Alsem dat marketing een grotere strategische rol in organisaties zou moeten krijgen. Want marketing is bij uitstek de verbinding tussen klantwensen en het DNA van een organisatie. Doordat merken gemiddeld voor mensen niet heel belangrijk zijn, is goede branding en onderscheidende zichtbaarheid juist van belang. Met de groei van big data en het belang van onbewust gedrag, zullen vooral die marketeers in de toekomst succesvol zijn die de consument het b...

  16. Construction of the western suburb's international agricultural marketing system in Shanghai%上海西郊国际农产品营销体系构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高萍; 杨冬梅

    2013-01-01

    By making use of the modern marketing theory and taking the international agricultural products wholesale market at the western suburbs of Shanghai,the article puts forward a marketing system suitable for its own capacity,business objectives to meet the changing requirement of buyers' market and differentiation business strategy to establish enterprise's core competitiveness. This kind of differentiation business strategy has not only an innovation significance for the international agricultural products wholesale market at the western suburbs but also a positive practical significance for construction of agricultural marketing systems in our country.%利用现代市场营销理论,以上海西郊国际农产品批发市场为例,提出了选择适合自身能力的营销体系,以满足目标买方市场不断变化的需求为经营目标,建立企业核心竞争力的差异化经营策略.这种差异化经营策略不仅对于上海西郊国际农产品批发市场的经营具有创新意义,而且对于我国农产品营销体系的建设也具有积极的现实意义.

  17. The Establishment of an Organic Farmers’ Market as a Training Case Study and Research for Graduate Students of Organic Agriculture at the University of Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Schifani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available  Despite the modest regional consumption of organic products, Sicily is one of the most important European regions in surface area per number of companies active in organic farming. The University of Palermo, as early as 2000, to promote the development and success in this industry, the Faculty of Agriculture, introduced two major degree programs in "Organic Farming". The objective of these courses is to train graduates who are technically capable of supporting the organic farmers market, to promote and facilitate the expansion of the consumption of organic products, and to create employment opportunities for young graduates. At the end of 2009, in the area of these activities, a training and research program involved numerous students in the creation of an "joint consumption" association whose purpose is the expansion of the consumption of organic products through the enhancement of a direct relationship with small organic farms who would be unlikely to penetrate large markets, or have relationships with large distribution networks.The project aims to assess the ability of the students of the Faculty to transmit the knowledge acquired in the program, and to investigate the relative issues regarding the new phenomenon emerging in recent years in Italy, represented by the spread of various forms of ethically-conscious consumption groups called "Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale (GAS" or Solidarity Purchase Groups.

  18. 大数据环境下云南农产品精准营销模式研究%Research on Precision Marketing Pattern of Agricultural Products in Yunnan Province in the Big Data Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚映梅; 曹新波

    2016-01-01

    我国农产品营销领域在大数据环境的影响下,营销模式更加复杂化,营销方法更加精准化。通过对相关文献分析,对国内外精准营销模式的界定以及农产品精准营销模式的主要类型,进行了归纳总结。同时,对云南省农产品特征与精准营销概况进行了介绍,分析了大数据对云南农产品消费者特征、营销信息、营销手段和营销成本等方面带来的影响。在分析大数据环境、云南农产品和精准营销模式)者关系的基础上,构建了由数据采集、分析挖掘、精准营销模型、精准营销执行和效果评估反馈等重要环节组成的大数据环境下,云南省农产品精准营销模式,并对模式构建主体、数据采集处理、目标市场战略及策略实施过程中的关键要素展开了论述。%Under the influence of big data environment,the agricultural products marketing pattern becomes more complicated and marketing method more precise.By analyzing the related literature,the paper summarized the conception and types of precision marketing pattern of agricultural products as well as domestic and overseas marketing patterns.Combined with the characteristics of agricultural product and precise marketing situation in Yunnan province,it analyses the influence of big data on customer characteristics,marketing information, method and cost.Based on the analysis of relationship among big data environment,agricultural product of Yun-nan province and precise marketing,it constructed precise marketing pattern of agricultural product of Yunnan province,which is constituted of the data acquisition,analysis mining,precision marketing model,marketing implementation and feedback evaluation,discussing the key elements of model building subject,data collection and processing,target market strategy and tactics implementation as well.

  19. Marketing marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alsem, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    In deze installatierede betoogt Karel Jan Alsem dat marketing een grotere strategische rol in organisaties zou moeten krijgen. Want marketing is bij uitstek de verbinding tussen klantwensen en het DNA van een organisatie. Doordat merken gemiddeld voor mensen niet heel belangrijk zijn, is goede brand

  20. 7 CFR 915.49 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 915.49 Section 915.49 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.49 Marketing policy. Each season prior to making...

  1. 7 CFR 920.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 920.50 Section 920.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 920.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making any recommendations pursuant to §...

  2. 7 CFR 959.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 959.50 Section 959.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 959.50 Marketing policy. (a) At the beginning of each season, and as...

  3. 7 CFR 925.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 925.50 Section 925.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Regulations § 925.50 Marketing policy. Each season prior to making any...

  4. 7 CFR 930.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 930.50 Section 930.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 930.50 Marketing policy. (a) Optimum supply. On or about July 1 of each crop year, the...

  5. 7 CFR 945.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 945.50 Section 945.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Marketing policy. (a) Preparation. Prior to or at the same time as recommendations are made pursuant...

  6. 7 CFR 956.60 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 956.60 Section 956.60 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... VALLEY OF SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON AND NORTHEAST OREGON Regulation § 956.60 Marketing policy. (a)...

  7. 7 CFR 929.46 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 929.46 Section 929.46 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... LONG ISLAND IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 929.46 Marketing...

  8. 7 CFR 1220.113 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1220.113 Section 1220.113 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.113 Marketing. The...

  9. 7 CFR 916.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 916.50 Section 916.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 916.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making...

  10. 7 CFR 905.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 905.50 Section 905.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 905.50 Marketing policy. (a)...

  11. 7 CFR 924.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 924.50 Section 924.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making any recommendations pursuant to § 924.51, the...

  12. 7 CFR 927.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 927.50 Section 927.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation of Shipments § 927.50 Marketing policy. (a) It shall be the duty...

  13. 7 CFR 922.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 922.50 Section 922.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 922.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season...

  14. 7 CFR 953.40 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 953.40 Section 953.40 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 953.40 Marketing policy. Prior to or at the same...

  15. 7 CFR 923.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 923.50 Section 923.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 923.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each...

  16. 7 CFR 946.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... WASHINGTON Rules and Regulations Definitions § 946.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 946.101 Section 946.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  17. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CALIFORNIA Rules and Regulations Definitions § 917.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  18. 7 CFR 966.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the marketing policy it deems desirable for the industry to follow in shipping tomatoes from the... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 966.50 Section 966.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing...

  19. 7 CFR 906.38 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to the Secretary a report setting forth the marketing policy it deems desirable for the industry to... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 906.38 Section 906.38 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing...

  20. 7 CFR 948.20 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the Secretary a report setting forth the marketing policy it deems desirable for the industry to... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 948.20 Section 948.20 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing...

  1. 7 CFR 29.36 - Auction market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Auction market. 29.36 Section 29.36 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.36 Auction market. A place to which tobacco is delivered by...

  2. 7 CFR 1221.15 - Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market. 1221.15 Section 1221.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.15 Market....

  3. Decentralized models of agricultural marketing as a strategy for social inclusion in Colombia: the case Exofruit SAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Arias Vargas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes a model of decentralized marketing cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana as an alternative to traditional wholesale channels; where brokers obtain higher profits; while farmers receive little profit for their product and the customer receives an expensive product. The investigative process development for nine months under a descriptive exploratory approach to data collection and triangulation of it to build the case. The project currently benefits 40 farmers; victims of armed conflict in the village of Mesopotamia Antioquia Union have joined the project, which has particularities like organic production of 1.2 tons per month of product, recovery of abandoned land; and equitable distribution of profits and the way for negotiations between farmers and the seller as a new proposal of peasant association.

  4. Study on the development strategy of Henan Province agricultural product network marketing%河南省农产品网络营销发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香

    2014-01-01

    Under the condition of market economy, the market demand of agricultural products appear new change, present situation of agricultural product market and the Henan province traditional contradiction. In this paper, through the investigation of the network marketing of agricultural products in Henan Province, from the domestic and foreign agricultural products marketing network, a wide range of rapid, flexible and other advantages, according to the Henan provincial economic backwardness, related problems of unbalanced regional development present situation of Henan Province agricultural product network marketing,put forward the corresponding countermeasures and solutions. Hope the research to solve the"three rural issues"in Henan Province, to speed up the pace of the construction of new countryside.%在市场经济条件下,农产品市场需求呈现出新的变化,这与河南省传统的农产品市场现状相矛盾。本文通过对河南省农产品网络营销现状进行调查分析,借鉴国内外农产品网络营销灵活、迅速、范围广泛等优势,根据河南省经济落后,区域经济发展不平衡等现状针对河南省农产品网络营销存在的相关问题提出相应的对策和解决方法。希望这些研究有利于河南省“三农”问题的解决,加快其新农村建设的步伐。

  5. 7 CFR 170.11 - How are farmers and vendors selected for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT... balanced product mix of fruits, vegetables, herbs, value-added products, and baked goods....

  6. Heavy Metal Contamination of Soil, Irrigation Water and Vegetables in Peri-Urban Agricultural Areas and Markets of Delhi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Arti; Singh, ShivDhar; Kumar, Amit

    2015-11-01

    Dietary exposure to heavy metals, namely cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu), has been identified as a risk to human health through consumption of vegetable crops. The present study investigates heavy metal contamination in irrigation water, soil, and vegetables at four peri-urban and one wholesale site in Delhi, India, and estimates the health risk index. Most of the samples collected from peri-urban areas exceeded the safe limits of lead and cadmium, whereas only lead concentration was found to be higher in vegetable samples collected from the wholesale market. Average uptake of metals by vegetables from soil decreased in the order Cd>Zn>Cu>Pb. The order of metal uptake based on transfer factor was highest in okra, cauliflower, and spinach, from greatest to least. Among the vegetables from peri-urban sites, only okra crossed the safe limit for cadmium; whereas vegetables from the wholesale site exceeded the limit for lead (potato, coriander, chilies, pea, and carrot, in order from greatest to least) with respect to health risk index.

  7. Innovating Development and Marketing Strategy of Agricultural Products in China's Suburban Mountainous Area%我国近郊山区农产品特色资源开发及营销策略创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰; 袁士芳

    2014-01-01

    Mountain agricultural resource development and marketing has always been a main restricting factors of farmers' income growth. First,the characteristics of the suburban mountain agricultural products and operation in China and the condition of resource development and marketing are analyzed. On this basis discusses the suburban mountain agricultural resource,traffic,market,policy,and the problems of labor resources,etc. Research shows that,through the agricultural products processing,creative development,experiential marketing, network marketing for agricultural products and urban stores operating characteristic such as resource development and marketing strategy innovation,not only can improve the added value of agricultural products, increase farmers' income,can also drive the local economic development,make the suburban mountainous area agriculture is an important part of modern agriculture development in our country.%山区农产品资源开发和营销一直是制约我国农户收入增长的主要因素。首先对我国近郊山区农产品生产和经营的特点、资源开发和营销状况进行了分析。在此基础上探讨了近郊山区农产品资源、交通、市场、政策及劳动力资源等方面存在的问题。研究表明,通过农产品加工、创意农产品开发、农产品体验式营销、网络营销及都市直营店经营等特色资源开发及营销策略创新,不仅可以提高农产品的附加值,增加农民收入,还可以带动地方经济发展,使近郊山区农业成为我国现代农业发展的重要组成部分。

  8. On the Marketing Model of Guangxi Characteristic Agricultural Products from the Perspective of Low-carbon Economy%低碳经济视角下的广西特色农产品营销模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李燕

    2013-01-01

      Low-carbon marketing plays a central role in the development of low-carbon economy. Guangxi is characterized by its wide variety of characteristic agricultural products. However,a series of problems arise in the process of low-carbon marketing of the agricultural products:the weak awareness of low-carbon market-ing,the technology lag of low-carbon production,the lack of macroscopic over-all planning from the govern-ment,the loss of the main role of the low-carbon,etc. From the aspects of marketing strategy and tactic,this paper analyzes the marketing model of characteristic agricultural products from the perspective of low-carbon economy.%  低碳营销是低碳经济发展的核心内容。广西特色农产品品种繁多,特色农产品低碳营销存在低碳意识不强、低碳生产技术滞后、政府缺乏低碳宏观统筹、企业的低碳主体作用缺失等问题。最后,从低碳营销战略和低碳营销策略两个方面探讨了低碳经济视角下的广西特色农产品营销模式。

  9. Thoughts on Development of Agricultural Product Logistics:A Supply-and-marketing Cooperative Perspective%供销体系视阈下的农产品物流发展思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    连捷; 黄斌

    2016-01-01

    As an economic cooperative organization mainly targeting at the circulation field, the supply-and-marketing cooperative has experienced certain setback during the transition from the planned economy to the market economy, but it still plays an important role in the agricultural product circulation field. In this paper, with the start, process and market, etc., of the agricultural product logistics as the point of departure, we argued that when building the agricultural product logistics system, we should pay more attention to the strength of the agricultural cooperative in the agricultural product circulation market system concerning quality control, logistics efficiency and quality support, etc., and accordingly proposed several suggestions for the better development of the agricultural cooperative.%供销合作社是以流通服务为主的合作经济组织,在计划经济向市场经济转型的过程中,因多种原因出现业务萎缩,但在农产品流通中仍然发挥着重要地位和作用。从农产品物流起点、过程和市场等角度切入,认为构建农产品物流应该重视供销社在农产品流通市场体系中所具备的农产品品控优势、物流效率优势和品质保障优势等问题,并据此提出若干发展建议。

  10. The Contract Arrangement and the Choice of Transaction Pattern in Agricultural Product Market%农产品市场契约安排与交易模式选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭佳

    2012-01-01

      农产品交易模式依其激励强度、权力控制以及绩效特性等条件可以区分为市场型、混合型以及等级制三种类型。不确定性影响农产品产地交易模式的选择。不确定性程度越小,越宜采用市场交易模式;不确定性程度越大,越宜采用等级制交易模式;不确定性程度介于中间时,宜采用混合型交易模式。%  The transaction pattern in agricultural product market differentiate into three patterns that are the market type,the mixed type and the rank type according to its excitation intensity,authority control and achievements characteristic.Owing to the existences of oppor-tunism,uncertainty will influence the choice of transaction pattern in agricultural product habitat market.The more uncertain the market is, the more compatibly we use the market transaction type,by contraries the more certain the market is,the more compatibly we use the rank type.And then when the uncertainty degree is situated between that two,we should use the mixed transaction pattern.

  11. The Exploring Research of Construction of Chinese Agricultural Products Cyber Marketing Development Model Based on Inner Mongolia Experiences%我国农产品网络营销发展模式探索研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔正; 王佳

    2012-01-01

      互联网的出现和普及,使得当今社会进入了一个网络沟通的时代,并逐渐成为人们不可或缺的生活内容之一。将网络营销运用于农产品对于我国这样的农业大国,是一条又快又好的“现代化道路”,不仅可以发展国内市场还可以开拓国际市场,大力提升我国农业方面在国际上的竞争地位,而且还会带动我国经济快速发展。从网络营销的相关理论展开论述,提出了网络营销的历史必然性,并且借鉴了美国为首的先进的农产品网络营销经验,同时总结我国的现状,特别是以内蒙古自治区为例的农业发展过程遇到的问题,采用从点到线和从局部到整体的分析思路,提出适合我国农产品的网络营销模式。%  The emergence and popularization of Internet ,making the society into a network communication era , and gradually becoming an indispensable part of the life of the people .As a large agricultural nation ,it is a quick and good way to lead to "Modernization" by adopting network marketing into agricultural products in our country .It is not only can develop domestic market ,explore the international market and make great efforts to enhance Chinese agriculture products in the international competitive position ,but also can lead to drive the rapid development of the national economy .Started from discussing the network marketing related theory first -ly ,the historical inevitability of network marketing was put forward ,and learned lessons from the U .S .-led ad-vanced agricultural network marketing experience ,it also summarized the present situation of our country ,es-pecially taking Inner Mongolia autonomous region as an example to analyze the problems of agricultural devel-opment process in China .It used point to the line and local to the whole analysis methods to try to explore suit -able China's agricultural network marketing development model .

  12. 78 FR 24714 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... opportunities in marketing, transportation, and distribution of U.S. food and agricultural products domestically... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement Program (FSMIP) AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice....

  13. 78 FR 73111 - National Marketing Agreement Regulating Leafy Green Vegetables; Termination of Proceeding on...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 970 National Marketing Agreement Regulating Leafy Green Vegetables; Termination of Proceeding on Proposed Marketing Agreement AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Termination of proceeding. SUMMARY: This action terminates...

  14. 7 CFR 1126.2 - Southwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Southwest marketing area. 1126.2 Section 1126.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order...

  15. 7 CFR 1124.2 - Pacific Northwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Pacific Northwest marketing area. 1124.2 Section 1124.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA...

  16. 7 CFR 1131.2 - Arizona marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Arizona marketing area. 1131.2 Section 1131.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order...

  17. 7 CFR 1032.2 - Central marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Central marketing area. 1032.2 Section 1032.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA Order...

  18. 7 CFR 1001.2 - Northeast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Northeast marketing area. 1001.2 Section 1001.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  19. 7 CFR 1033.2 - Mideast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Mideast marketing area. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  20. 7 CFR 1030.2 - Upper Midwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Upper Midwest marketing area. 1030.2 Section 1030.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA...

  1. 7 CFR 1006.2 - Florida marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Florida marketing area. 1006.2 Section 1006.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order...

  2. 7 CFR 1007.2 - Southeast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Southeast marketing area. 1007.2 Section 1007.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  3. 7 CFR 1005.2 - Appalachian marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Appalachian marketing area. 1005.2 Section 1005.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA...

  4. Caracterização do mercado de fretes rodoviários para produtos agrícolas Characterization of the highway freight market for agricultural products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Gimenes Soares

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available O mercado de frete rodoviário no Brasil não sofre nenhum tipo de controle governamental, significando que os preços são formados a partir da negociação direta entre a oferta e a procura pelo serviço. Os transportadores não estão, necessariamente, atualizados sobre todas as variáveis de seu custo para estarem aptos a negociar com os demandantes. Tais demandantes, por outro lado, podem desempenhar maior poder de negociação para obter descontos no valor do frete. Tendo em vista o aprimoramento da qualidade das informações sobre fretes, tanto para ofertantes quanto demandantes pelo serviço de transporte, foi realizado levantamento de valores para produtos agrícolas selecionados, assim como identificadas as principais características do escoamento rodoviário de cargas agrícolas. Dessa forma, ficou evidenciada a diferenciação do valor do frete de acordo com o tipo de produto e verificou-se que a estrutura do mercado de frete para granéis sólidos (açúcar, milho, soja e farelo de soja é bastante distinta, mais pulverizada e talvez menos profissional que a estrutura observada para os granéis líquidos estudados (suco de laranja e óleo de soja.The Brazilian highway freight market is subject to no sort of government control, meaning that the prices are formed through free negotiation between supply and demand of the transport service. Carriers have to be updated on every variable incorporated in costs to be fit for negotiating with demanders. These demanders, except under certain very specific circumstances, have performed higher negotiation power and exerted quite strong pressure to obtain freight discounts. Taking into consideration the accomplishment of the quality of freight information, for both supply and demand sides of the transportation service, data for selected agricultural commodities were collected, as well as the identification of the main characteristics of the road haulage. The difference in the freight values

  5. 上海都市现代农产品市场渠道拓展的研究进展%Research on Channel Expansion of Urban Agricultural Market in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞菊生; 罗强; 张晨

    2013-01-01

    The paper aimed to study how to expand the channels of the modern market circulation of agricultural products in Shanghai. The paper described the present situation of modern agricultural product market logistics organization in Shanghai from the perspective of agricultural products marketing organization, wholesale market, distribution center, logistics enterprises, logistics transportation and so on, pointed out the main problem of the agricultural products logistics in Shanghai such as marketing enterprises small in scale, lack of standardized operation ability, lack of large-scale third party agricultural products logistics enterprises, relatively backward technology in cold chain and preservation, low level of organization degree, lack of professional farmer coqperative marketing organization and so on, and finally proposed the comprehensive countermeasures about the development of modern agricultural product market circulation channels which develop new agricultural products logistics reasonably, develop professional cooperative organization logistics, cultivated the third party logistics enterprise, gave aid to agricultural products logistics, strengthened the supply chain management of agricultural products logistics, and improved management personnel quality of agricultural logistics enterprise and so on, for the government and agricultural circulation enterprise decision reference.%为了拓展适合上海现代农产品市场流通渠道的方法,从农产品运销组织、批发市场、配送中心、物流龙头企业、物流运输等角度,对上海现代农产品市场物流组织的现状进行了归纳整理.通过实地调查分析,指出上海农产品市场物流存在着营销企业规模小、缺乏规范运作能力,缺少第三方大型农产品物流企业,冷链、保鲜技术相对滞后,组织化水平较低、缺少农民专业营销合作组织等的主要问题.最终提出了合理发展新型农产品物流业态、发展专业

  6. 西部民族地区农产品绿色营销策略研究%Study on Strategy of Agricultural Product Green Marketing in Western Ethnic Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳一桥

    2011-01-01

    分析了西部民族地区农产品绿色营销的驱动机制,以营销“4P”理论为中心,通过生产绿色产品、制定绿色价格、构建绿色渠道、开 展绿色促销,进而构建起民族地区绿色营销市场体系.%The driving mechanism of agricultural product green marketing in western ethnic area was analyzed. With marketing "4P" theoryas the center, through producing green product, formulate green price, constructing green channel, developing green promotion to constructgreen marketing market system in ethnic area.

  7. 7 CFR 1210.505 - Department of Agriculture costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Department of Agriculture costs. 1210.505 Section 1210.505 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  8. Study on Capital Market Direct Financing Channels of Ningxia Agricultural Enterprises%宁夏农业企业资本市场融资途径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅; 石健

    2016-01-01

    Difficult financing and expensive financing are common problems to Ningxia agricultural enterprises in financing due to factors such as long production cycle, slow money collecting and high risk. Unreasonable financing structure can be the most direct problem in financing. The proportion of directing financing is small than that of indirect financing, the basic feature of financing. Indirect financing, rely more on bank credit capital, can be vulnerable to national interest rate policy and financial policy. Moreover, financing structure can be influenced and restricted by external industrial policy, industry distribution, financial service, product supply and enterprise development condition due to the lack of long term direct fi-nancing capital. Constraints on Ningxia agricultural enterprise direct financing were analyzed in this paper based on Ningxia agricultural enterprise developing features and current situation of the development of Ningxia capital market, along with measures such as enhance government policy guidance and improve capital introduction mechanism to optimize financing channels for Ningxia agricultural enterprises.%由于受到农业特殊的生产周期长、资金回笼较慢、风险高等特点的影响,宁夏农业企业融资普遍存在“融资难”、“融资贵”的问题,影响融资的最直接问题就是融资结构不合理,融资结构的基本特征是间接融资为主,直接融资尤其在资本市场上融资比例低。间接融资更多依靠银行信贷资本,容易受到国家利率政策和金融政策的影响,由于缺少直接融资资本的长期注入,融资结构易受到外部产业政策、产业布局、金融服务和产品供给及企业发展等因素的影响和制约。本文基于当前宁夏现代农业企业发展特点,立足目前宁夏资本市场发展现状,以分析宁夏农业企业向资本市场直接融资的制约因素入手,提出加大政府政策引导、资本引

  9. Theme: Urban Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellibee, Margaret; And Others

    1990-01-01

    On the theme of secondary agricultural education in urban areas, this issue includes articles on opportunities, future directions, and implications for the profession; creative supervised experiences for horticulture students; floral marketing, multicultural education; and cultural diversity in urban agricultural education. (JOW)

  10. 7 CFR 958.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 958.50 Section 958.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 958.50...

  11. Market Positioning and Strategy Choice of Agricultural on Intra-County Credit Market Positioning of Agricultural Bank of%基于SWOT分析的中国农业银行县域信贷市场定位及战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丞

    2011-01-01

    运用SWOT分析法,对中国农业银行在当前县域信贷市场中的优势、劣势、机会与威胁进行了全面分析。结果表明:未来中长期内,农行在县域信贷市场内应逐步谋求经营策略的差异化。为此,农行应以批发贷款、委托代理、资源共享等多种合作方式,逐步深化同新型农村金融机构间的合作,从而在实现合作双方"扬长避短"的同时,不断增强自身县域各分支机构的可持续发展能力。对农行今后在县域信贷市场中的战略组合给出了相关建议。%By using SWOT analysis,this paper analyses the advantages,weaknesses,opportunities and threats in intra-county credit markets of Agricultural Bank of China.The result shows that,in the mid-long term,Agricultural Bank of China should adopt differentiation

  12. 基于O2O模式的农产品销售研究%Research on Agricultural Marketing Sales Based on O2O Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2015-01-01

    O2O (offline to online) is a new pattern of e-business. The first representative model is Ctrip travel network in China. However, now the most sophisticated enterprises are represented by Meituan and Nuomi, among other group-buying sites. Although, the most well-known O2O pattern only exists in experiential industries, such as online-travel, real-estate and life service platform, the model, with the use of mobile terminal positioning accuracy, convenience, low cost to obtain customer advantages, has a great potential in the mobile Internet applications, as well as in the agricultural products sales market. Through an analysis of the existing O2O agricultural products sales model, this paper puts forward some improved methods, trying to provide some new ideas.%O2O即offline to online,是一种将线下的商家和线上的顾客结合起来的新兴电子商务模式。国内最早的O2O模式的代表是携程旅游网,而目前运作最为成熟的是以美团、糯米等为代表的团购网站。目前较为人熟知的O2O模式仅存在在线旅游、房地产以及生活服务平台等体验性行业,但是O2O模式以其利用移动终端定位的准确性、便捷性、获取顾客成本低等优点,将会在移动互联网应用中发挥巨大的潜力,在农产品销售市场也将会开创一片蓝海。本文通过对现存O2O农产品销售模式的分析,提出了一些改进的方法,试图为农产品销售提供新的思路。

  13. Ukraine Agricultural Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The agri-food sector is an important part of the Ukrainian economy. Agriculture could make an even larger contribution to economic growth and the vitality of rural areas in Ukraine than is currently the case. Ukraine has the agro-climatic potential to be a major player on world agricultural markets. Agricultural competitiveness in Ukraine also suffers from inadequate systems to test and do...

  14. 政府在我国农业保险市场中的作用探析%Analysis on the Role of Government in China Agricultural Insurance Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡水红; 周迎红

    2011-01-01

    The paper reviews the development process of our agricultural insurance market, introduces and analyzes its present status and problems, exposes the important role of government in developing agricultural insurance market and finally proposes some policies and suggestions for promoting its development.%回顾了我国农业保险的发展历程,介绍并分析了我国农业保险的现状及存在的问题,重点探析政府在发展农业保险市场甲的重要作用,最后提出促进我国农业保险发展的政策建议.

  15. 7 CFR 29.9404 - Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY....9404 Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules. (a) The Flue-Cured Tobacco...

  16. 发展湖州地区“互联网+农产品”营销的几点思考%Thoughts on Developments of Marketing Agricultural Products on Internet in Huzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑宁国; 沈晓艳

    2015-01-01

    文章从“互联网+”的视角,阐述了发展“互联网+农产品”营销的重要意义,结合湖州市互联网农产品营销的现状,分析了湖州市“互联网+农产品”营销的物流问题、人才问题及农产品质量标准体系和市场监管问题,最后提出了湖州市“互联网+农产品”营销的策略:完善农产品溯源体系及“三品一标”建设,政府出面建设农业智能物联网,建立电商平台,优化淡水鱼销售流程,加强“互联网+农产品”营销人才队伍建设等。%This paper illustrates the significance of developing the marketing of agricultural products online from the perspective of the Inter-net,and analyzes the problems on logistic,talents,quality standard and market supervision for this marketing type,and finally raises the basic strategies:1 .improving the system of origin pursuing and non pollution food,green food and organic food as well as geographical in-dication of agricultural products;2.the intelligent internet of agriculture should be built by government;3.building e commerce platform and optimize the marketing processing of freshwater fish;4.Strengthening the talents building of e commerce on agricultural products.

  17. 农产品批发市场供应链封闭化运行模式研究%Study on Closed Supply Chain Operation Mode for Agricultural Products on Wholesale Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苟建华

    2012-01-01

    农产品批发市场是我国农产品流通的主渠道,随着供应链管理思想及技术在涉农领域的不断应用,传统农产品批发市场迫切需要改造升级。在当前农产品质量安全事件频发,食品安全监管不力,农产品质量标准、多级检测、信息追溯等体系都不健全的环境下,农产品批发市场应借助改造升级之契机,创新现有农产品供应链,对供应链进行封闭化运行改造,以更有效地管控农产品质量安全问题。%Agricultural products wholesale market is the main channel of agricultural products circulation in China. With the constant application of supply chain management theories and practices in agriculture-re- lated field ,the conventional wholesale market for agricultural products need to be upgraded urgently. Under various unfavorable conditions,including the high-frequency occurrence of food safety accidences, defective systems of food quality standards, multi-level inspection and information tracking, the agricultural products wholesale market should make full use of this opportunity of transformation and upgradation to innovate the existing supply chain, conduct closed operation transformation, in order to effectively manage and control the quality safety problems.

  18. An Empirical Study of Differentiated Marketing Strategy of Agricultural Bank of China%中国农业银行差异化营销战略实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏虹; 刘涛; 张同建

    2016-01-01

    The differentiated marketing strategy is the basic operation strategy of Agricultural Bank of China, and is currently in the exploratory stage for lack of clear direction for the implementation. Based on the sample data of second-level branches and by means of multivariate regression analysis ,this study builds and certifies the differentiated marketing strategy performance model of Agricultural Bank of China,and found that the difference orientation,customer database development,market segmentation, market differentiation,differences in distribution channels play a positive role while product differentiation,service differentiation and bank image differences do not function substantively;and then presented the improvement strategies of differentiated marketing of Agricultural Bank of China to gradually improve its differentiation strategy.%差异化营销是中国农业银行的基本经营战略,目前处于探索性阶段,缺乏明晰的实施方向。本研究基于二级分行的样本数据,借助于多元回归分析方法,构建并检验了农业银行差异化营销战略绩效模型,发现差异化导向、客户数据库建设、市场细分、市场差异化、分销渠道差异化产生了积极的作用,而产品差异化、服务差异化和银行形象差异化缺乏实质性的功能,进而提出了农业银行差异化营销的改进策略,从而促进了农业银行差异化战略的逐步完善。

  19. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  20. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    TO THE POINT:Beijing has set a new mission to become an inter- nationally recognized financial center.The mainland stock market rally slowed down and met with heavy selling pressure from those who gained a big profit from the previous market slump.In accordance with market performance,listed companies readjusted their refinanc- ing schemes and cut refinancing prices.Agricultural Bank of China marched toward listing,though problems still exist.China Eastern Airlines denied rumors of recent negotiations with Singapore Airlines and vowed to concentrate on securing sound travel conditions before the Beijing Olympic Games.China Customs strengthened efforts to block illegal grain exports.

  1. 7 CFR 170.3 - What products may be sold at the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...? 170.3 Section 170.3 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.3...

  2. 7 CFR 170.1 - To which farmers markets does this rule apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 170.1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.1 To...

  3. 7 CFR 170.10 - Must a participant in the market have insurance?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....10 Section 170.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.10...

  4. 7 CFR 170.4 - Who may participate in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Section 170.4 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.4 Who...

  5. Research on Volatility of Futures Market of Agricultural Products in China%基于 MCMC 算法的中国农产品期货市场波动性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈悦; 张澄

    2016-01-01

    Based on No.1 Soybeans futures settlement price from January 4,2006 to August 2,2016,this pa-per explores the volatility of the Chinese Agricultural Commodities Futures Market by using MCMC algorithm to estimate SV model,which demonstrates the volatility characteristic of Chinese agricultural futures market,such as clustering,time-varying and persistent.Then,the paper uses Wavelet Multi-resolution Analysis to decompose the volatility data,which verifies Chinese agricultural futures market is dependent on the international market. And the impact of extreme events is also very sensitive.Accordingly,the paper argues that we must also remain vigilant of volatility spillovers between agricultural markets and other markets,adjust the investment strategy timely,and strengthen financial supervision.%以黄大豆1号期货结算价在2006年1月4日至2016年8月2日期间的日度数据为样本,通过运用MCMC 算法估计 SV 模型,实证考察了中国农产品期货市场的波动性,充分证实我国农产品期货价格波动的聚集性、时变性和持续性。并结合小波多分辨率分析的方法对收益率的波动成分进行分解,刻画出我国农产品期货收益率序列的波动成分在不同分解尺度上的动态特征,解释了我国农产品期货收益率的短期波动及长期趋势,并发现我国农产品期货市场对国际市场的依赖性较强,对极端事件的冲击也十分敏感。据此,指出在研究我国农产品期货市场波动性特征的同时,也要时刻警惕我国农产品期货市场与其他市场之间的波动溢出效应,及时调整投资策略,加强金融监管。

  6. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include......: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk, and gender roles in agricultural production. Our results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements...... are particularly compelling when combined with marketing system improvements. Moreover, technological change in cassava appears to be a particularly strong lever for increasing female and overall household welfare, especially when risk is considered....

  7. 7 CFR 27.9 - Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section. 27.9 Section 27.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE....9 Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section. Marketing Services Offices shall be maintained...

  8. 7 CFR 932.50 - Report of marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Report of marketing policy. 932.50 Section 932.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Regulating Handling Regulations § 932.50 Report of marketing policy. At least 14 days prior to the start...

  9. 农业环境责任保险的4PS与4CS营销分析%An Analysis of the Marketing Mix of 4Ps and 4Cs in Agricultural Environmental Liability Insurance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 王育才

    2015-01-01

    我国农业环境污染风险升级且农业环境侵权救济手段缺失的现状,使受害人利益受损且矛盾激化,社会化性质的农业环境责任保险成为满足农业环境侵权救济内在诉求的制度选择。通过对农业环境责任保险制度的4PS与4CS理论分析,对其构建问题提出了相应观点和建议,以期助益于我国环境侵害社会化救济制度的完善。%The risk escalation of agricultural environmental pollution and the deficiency of agricultural environment tort remedy lead to the benefit lose of victims, thus intensifying the conflicts in China. Thereby, it is indispensable that the socialized liability insurance of agricultural environment should take the priority to meet the internal demands of agricultural environment tort remedy. Analyzing the marketing theories of 4Ps and 4Cs in the construction of agricultural environmental liability insurance system, the paper puts forward relevant proposals for the improvement of the socialized environmental liability insurance in China.

  10. 7 CFR 984.48 - Marketing estimates and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing estimates and recommendations. 984.48 Section 984.48 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  11. Volatility Spillover Effect Study in Agricultural Futures Markets of China and USA Based on Time-varying Perspective%时变视角下中美农产品期货波动溢出效应实证

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施亚明; 何建敏

    2013-01-01

    Taking into account time-varying and dynamic properties of volatility spillover effect in the financial mar-kets , this paper studied the time-varying volatility relationship between agriculture futures markets at home and abroad by the bivariate BEKK , and concluded that: The agricultural futures volatility is significantly affected by their own pre-fluctuations , with aggregation and lasting properties;There is no volatility effect between US corn futures and Chi-na corn futures markets .However , there are bi-directional volatility spillover between the US soybean futures and Chinese soybean futures , and US soybean meal futures and Chinese soybean meal futures .Chinese soybean futures and soybean meal futures have pricing power in the world agricultural product futures market .%由于金融市场间价格波动溢出效应具有时变性和动态性的特点,采用双变量BEKK模型研究了国内外农产品期货市场间时变波动溢出关系,得出结论:农产品期货的波动均显著地受到自身前期波动的影响,波动具有聚集性和持久性;美国玉米期货与中国玉米期货不存在波动溢出效应,但是美国大豆期货与中国大豆期货、美国豆粕期货与中国豆粕期货之间均存在双向的波动溢出效应。因此,中国大豆期货和豆粕期货在世界农产品期货市场上具有一定的权力,即定价权。

  12. 75 FR 34972 - Notice of Invitation for Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-21

    ..., representatives of national farm organizations, agricultural economists, rural sociologists, farm policy analysts, educators, State agriculture representatives, and agriculture-related business and marketing...

  13. Analysis on China Agricultural Wholesale Market Informationization Demands and Three Dimensional Development Model%我国农产品批发市场信息化需求与三维发展模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡天石

    2012-01-01

    with the development of global economic integration, domestic and foreign resources get used by the modern distribution, China agricultural wholesale market had the good development opportunities and serious challenge. Firstly, the author researched the relationship between the development of China agricultural wholesale market and informationization. Secondly, the author made conclusion that the agricultural wholesale market depend on informationization, from the evolution process of wholesale market. Then, the author addressed three-dimensional development mode of China agricultural wholesale market as the horizontal network, vertical integration and vertical virtualization of three-dimensional development model, and researched the association between three-dimensional model and the informationization.%随着全球经济一体化的发展,国内、国外两种资源、两个市场得到利用,现代流通方式的推广应用,我国农产品批发市场面临着良好的发展机遇,也同时面临着严峻挑战.本文分析了我国农产品批发市场的发展阶段与信息化间的内在关联性;从批发市场功能演进过程出发,判断出“我国农产品批发市场与信息化依存度逐步提高”的结论.提出了我国农产品批发市场的三维发展模式,即横向网络化、纵向一体化和竖向虚拟化的三维发展模式,并分析了三种模式与信息化之间的关系.在三维模式的基础上,提出了我国农产品批发市场三维立体发展空间模型.

  14. 我国农产品新品种期货市场效率实证研究%Empirical Research on the Efficiency of New Products of Agriculture Commodity Futures Markets in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周蓓; 齐中英

    2013-01-01

    Empirical research on the efficiency of futures markets is the hot research field in futures markets. This paper examines the efficiency of random walk hypothesis for the new products of agriculture commodity futures markets in China:palm oil, colza oil and early long-grain rice futures which all come into the market after 2007. The random walk hypothesis is tested with Lo-MacKinlay variance ratio test and unit root test. We found that these three new products futures markets all follow the random walk hypothesis and therefore all reach the weak-form efficiency. This result shows although new products futures enter the market not long, but they are under the normal operation and steady development in the many joint efforts. Moreover, the successful coming into the market and effective operation of these new products futures must provide valuable experiences for the new products of agriculture commodity futures which will come into the market later.%  期货市场效率的实证研究是期货市场的一个热点研究领域。本文采用方差比方法并结合单位根方法,对我国07年以后上市的农产品期货新品种棕榈油、菜籽油及早籼稻期货市场的效率进行了随机游走检验,结果表明:这3个农产品新品种期货市场均满足随机游走假设,全部达到了信息弱式有效。这一实证结果说明,农产品期货新品种上市时间虽然不长,但是在多方的共同努力下,市场整体运行规范,稳步发展,在扶持现代农业发展中发挥了积极作用;并且农产品期货新品种的成功上市、有效运行,无疑为进一步农产品期货新品种的推出提供了值得借鉴的宝贵经验。

  15. Tarım Dışı Ürünlerde Pazara Giriş (NAMA Müzakereleri ve Türkiye (Non-Agricultural Market Access Negotiations and Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şahin YAMAN

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay tries to analyse Turkey’s position and constraints in the WTO Nonagricultural Market Access Negotiations (NAMA especially vis-à-vis developing countries.It basically, underlines Turkey’s unique negotiating position; de jure developing, de facto an advanced economy status in the WTO Doha NAMA negotiations.At Doha Ministerial Meeting in 2001, WTO members agreed to initiate negotiations to further liberalize trade, among other areas, on non-agricultural goods. For this purpose, the Negotiating Group on Market Access (NGMA was created at the first meeting of the Trade Negotiations Committee of the WTO, in early 2002. Turkey has been quite active since then in NAMA negotiations in calibrating its position between offensive and defensive negotiation interests although its offensive market access interests largely outweigh defensive one.Turkey has also been propagating an offensive non-linear tariff cutting Swiss Formula approach at the WTO to curb the international high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations. Having a strong offensive market access interests, Turkey mainly aims at large developing country markets diversifying its trade portfolio away from traditional markets towards large developing economies.From the perspective of governance, Turkey has serious constraints on its trade and industry policy space stemming from the Turkey-EU Customs Union (CU. Although Turkey is a de jure developing country in the WTO and will have all legal rights and mobligations stemming from the outcome of the DOHA, in practice, Turkey will have to implement the same applied common external tariffs of the EU. Despite the constraints and dilemmas stemming from the EU-Turkey customs union, it can be strongly argued that, it is in Turkey’s industrial interests to be actively involved in the WTO to tackle the high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations which hinders Turkey’s exports to the world markets.

  16. 我国征地补偿中的农地市场价值评估模型及应用%Market Value Assessment and Practice Analysis in China's Agricultural Land Expropriation Compensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐济益; 黄涛珍

    2014-01-01

    Since China's current agricultural land evaluation is unfair , landless farmers lost interests seri-ously, the discussion on agricultural land market value assessment is of great significance for the con -struction of a fair agricultural land acquisition compensation system .Putting the operating income rights value, the location value, the social security value, the development rights value and intergenerational distribution value into the basic value structure of agricultural land , and embedded variables , such as the relations between supply and demand of agricultural land , we build a market value assessment model for agricultural land .Then sub-models are constructed , using dynamic income approach and the method for correction factor and indicator system , we evaluate the operating income rights value and the location val-ue of agricultural land respectively , and estimate the social security value , the development rights value and intergenerational distribution value of agricultural land .The empirical test results based on the case of agricultural land expropriation in L County , Anhui Province show: agricultural land market value is 107,970.72 Yuan per mu in L County, Anhui Province, much higher than the compensation those land-less farmers got .%鉴于中国现行的农地价值评估有失公允,被征地农民利益流失严重的状况,探讨农地市场价值评估对于建构公正的征地补偿制度具有重要意义。将农地经营收益权价值、农地区位价值、农地社会保障价值、农地发展权价值以及代际分配价值纳入农地基本价值结构,嵌入农地供求关系等变量,构建农地市场价值评估模型。继而建立子模型逐项跟进分析,分别采用动态收益还原法和建立修正因素因子指标体系的方法,对农地经营收益权价值与农地区位价值进行评估,同时测算了农地社会保障价值、发展权价值以及代际分配价值。基于安徽省L县

  17. The Analysis of Marketing Strategy for Senior Agricultural Products Based on Consumer Demand%基于消费需求的高端农产品营销策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽

    2014-01-01

    通过判断抽样选取高端农产品的购买者进行访谈,深入调查消费者购买高端农产品的需求状况。针对消费者在购买高端农产品时所表现出的生理和安全需求、情感和品牌需求、沟通需求、精神和体验需求,提出通过强化消费者的感性和理性认知、塑造个性品牌、拓宽销售渠道、提炼核心卖点、深入开展体验营销、实行差异化营销等策略来打造企业个性化营销方案,全方位满足消费者的各种需求。%Through selecting senior agricultural products buyers for depth interviews by judgment sampling, the purchase demand for senior agricultural products is investigated. Aimed at the four types of purchase demand for senior agricultural products, i.e., physiological and safety requirements, emotional and branding requirements, communication requirements, and spiritual and experiential requirements, an individualized marketing proposal is put forward that consumer’s requirements can be fully satisfied by intensifying consumers’ perceptual and rational cognition, building personality brands, broadening sales channels, refining the core selling point, deepening experiential marketing, and implementing a differentiated marketing strategy.

  18. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  19. Feasibility study for a 10 MM GPY fuel ethanol plant, Brady Hot Springs, Nevada. Volume II. Geothermal resource, agricultural feedstock, markets and economic viability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-09-01

    The issues of the geothermal resource at Brady's Hot Springs are dealt with: the prospective supply of feedstocks to the ethanol plant, the markets for the spent grain by-products of the plant, the storage, handling and transshipment requirements for the feedstocks and by-products from a rail siding facility at Fernley, the probable market for fuel ethanol in the region, and an assessment of the economic viability of the entire undertaking.

  20. Structural Adjustment of Oasis Agriculture in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Jun; Zhang Xiaolei

    2005-01-01

    Xinjiang's oasis agriculture has made enormous strides over past decades. Structural adjustment of oasis agriculture sector has promoted production diversification. Xinjiang's oasis agriculture sector is entering a new era. The era means more adjustments in oasis agricultural and rural economic structure so as to realize the sustainable development of agriculture. By summing and analyzing the main problems in Xinjinag's oasis agricultural structure,such as raising farmer's income, industry structure within agriculture, rural urbanization, pressure coming from market, agricultural environment degradation,puts forward the thinking, director and countermeasures to adjust oasis agricultural structure.

  1. 7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture..., TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to be distributed to producers...

  2. A Guide for Planning Programs in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eichelberger, A. E.; And Others

    The general information necessary for planning a high school program in agricultural educated is provided, based on the following briefly described occupational areas: agricultural production, agricultural supplied/services, agricultural mechanics, agricultural products (processing, inspection, and marketing), agricultural resources (conversation,…

  3. organic agriculture in Syria : policy options

    OpenAIRE

    Santucci, Fabio M.

    2010-01-01

    The author analyses present difficulties of conventional agriculture in Syria. Market opportunities, in Syria and abroad, are illustrated. Possible actions and participatory approach are thus covered.

  4. 兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓问题研究%Research on Expending International Markets of XPCC’s Leading Enterprises in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄彩香

    2014-01-01

    该文对兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓状况进行分析,发现其存在番茄出口所占比重过大,国际市场进入模式相对单一,抵御国际市场风险能力较弱,缺乏国际知名品牌等问题,并从企业营销和政府保障角度提出了相应的对策和建议:实施差异化营销战略,分散国际市场开拓风险;加大产品研发投入和技术创新,提高农产品质量;积极开展境外投资合作,以多种方式进入海外市场;加强同行业合作,提高国际市场话语权;强化番茄产业化成果,打造国际知名品牌。%Analyzing the current situation of expending international markets of XPCC’s leading entreprises in agricultural industrialization, the paper finds there exist such problems as big ratios of tomato exportation, single mode of international market entry, weak strength against the international market risks, and lack of internationally renowned brands. In light of enterprise marketing and government guarantee, the paper proposes corresponding countermeasures as follows: first, practicing differentiated marketing strategy to decrease international marketing risks; second, increasing investment in product R&D and technological innovation to improve the quality of produces; third, carrying out overseas investment and cooperation to diversify the market entry mode; fourth, cooperating with peer enterprises to volume up our voice in the international market; last, enhancing the tomato industrialization to create an internationally-known brand.

  5. The Current Situation of Agriculture Wholesale Market in China and the Related Hot Issues%中国农产品批发市场发展现状及热点问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马増俊

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid development of agriculture wholesale market in China during the past 30 years,which plays an important role in promoting the institutional reform in agricultural product circulation industry,the process of circulation modernization of China’s agricultural product has been accelerated. At present,in developing agriculture wholesale industry,it is urgent for us to solve the problem of public welfare,the new round of cutthroat competition and being grouped,e-commerce, and cold chain logistics;we should also accelerate the development of the third generation wholesale market,realize the harmonious development,take quality as the core competitiveness,create brand,realize management systemization,do a better job in waste disposal,develop the circular economy,develop the partnership relation with wholesalers,and establish the international trade platform of the wholesale market.%农产品批发市场三十多年来发展迅猛,不仅加快了我国农产品流通现代化进程,而且对农产品流通体制改革起了重要作用。当前,迫切需要解决好农产品批发市场的公益性问题、新一轮恶性竞争和集团化问题、电子商务问题、农产品冷链物流问题,加快发展第三代批发市场,使之与城市和谐发展,以保证农产品质量为核心竞争力,创立品牌,管理系统化,做好废弃物处理,发展循环经济,与批发商建立合作伙伴关系,打造批发市场的国际贸易平台功能。

  6. A Study on Producing and Marketing Docking Innovation Path and Mechanism of Agricultural Commodity in China%我国农产品产销对接的创新路径与机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇光涛; 卢凤君; 王文海

    2016-01-01

    The low efficiency of the market environment and the low value of information in the circulation of agri-cultural commodities lead to the emergy of the contradiction in supply and demand of agricultural commodities. Based on literature review and survey,we classify the model of agricultural products trade as" one-stop"," two stops" and " multi station",and analyze the problems in different modes of trade. According to the mutual needs between production and marketing members,the article designs the innovation path of producing and marketing docking,which is a kind of cooperation mode of" strong enterprises + service platform +production area alliance and the leading enterprise + consumption regional alliance and leading enterprise". In order to ensure the develop-ment of the trade subject and the smooth implementation of the innovation path,the mechanism design is carried out from the perspective of value -added symbiosis,incentive constraint and scale enlargement. Finally,the corre-sponding suggestions are put forward to the transformation and upgrading of producing and marketing docking modes in China.%针对我国农产品销售市场环境有效性差、农产品流通过程信息价值低等引致的农产品“卖难”和“买贵”等现象,基于文献查阅和实际调研等方式,将目前我国的产销对接模式分为“一站式”“二站式”及“多站式”,且分别剖析了不同模式运行中亟需解决的问题。从我国产销经营主体之间的彼此需求入手,设计了“涉农强企大企+服务平台+产区联盟与龙头企业+销区联盟与龙头企业”共同参与的产销对接创新路径,并从增值共生、激励约束和推广放大等角度进行了机制设计,保障参与成员的互利共赢与创新路径的顺利实施。最后提出了相应的建议,为我国农产品产销对接模式的转型升级提供决策思考。

  7. 7 CFR 1207.310 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year mean the 12-month period from July 1 through June 30 of the... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1207.310 Section 1207.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  8. 7 CFR 1280.109 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... § 1280.109 Fiscal period and marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year means the 12-month period... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1280.109 Section 1280.109 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  9. 7 CFR 1210.310 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year mean the 12 month period from January 1 to December 31 or... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1210.310 Section 1210.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  10. 农产品宅配送模式的竞争优势及营销策略%Competitive Advantage and Marketing Strategy of Agricultural Produce Home Delivery Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪峰; 张斐

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the current status of the agricultural produce circulation modes in China, pointed out the strength and competitive points of the agricultural produce home delivery mode in this respect, and at the end, proposed a series of marketing strategies for the agricultural produce home delivery mode to give it a bigger competitive edge.%介绍了我国农产品流通模式的现状,指出在我国农产品流通市场上产批模式独大、多元竞争的格局中,农产品宅配送模式因其渠道短、信息灵活、品牌形象易于塑造等优点而具竞争力,最后提出农产品宅配送模式的一系列营销策略,使这一模式的优势得以充分发挥。

  11. The market for hedging services: a marketing-finance approach.

    OpenAIRE

    Pennings, J.M.E.

    1998-01-01

    Due to the recent and proposed reductions in price support for agricultural products, as a part of the European Union's common agricultural policy, an increase in price volatility for agricultural raw materials is perceptible. This causes an increase in price risk, both for the primary agricultural company and the affiliated agribusiness. For a risk-averse entrepreneur, the higher price volatility in the market of agricultural raw materials will increase his or her need for price risk managem...

  12. Tracer Study of Agricultural Graduates in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Mugisha, Johnny; Nkwasibwe, Anthony

    2014-01-01

    There has been increased demand for food not only on the African continent but globally. This has been largely attributed to the high population growth with changing food preferences. This calls for the transformation of Africa’s agriculture and food systems through transforming agricultural production, markets, agricultural education and training institutions. Agricultural training institutions such as universities and agricultural colleges have a lot to contribute but they need to run relev...

  13. Department of Agriculture Semiannual Regulatory Agenda

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-20

    ...: September 21, 2010. Michael Poe, Chief, Legislative and Regulatory Staff. Agricultural Marketing Service.... Agricultural Marketing Service--Final Rule Stage Regulation Sequence Title Identifier Number Number 178...; Importation of Bovines and Bovine Products 0579-AC68 188 Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia; Interstate Movement...

  14. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TO THE POINT: China’s stock market must have a touch of spring fever. Just two weeks ago, the number of new fund accounts in January surged to 1.85 million, five times more than the same period of the previous year. But a week later fund management companies suffered from customers pulling out. Experts warned of a bubble in the stock market but securities companies seemed confident. Meanwhile, Agricultural Bank of China has a lot more spring in its step toward listing. Seeing three other Big Four banks being list- ed, Agricultural Bank of China certainly doesn’t want to be left behind. It is sparing no efforts in delving into its inner problems and the Big Four banks will likely enjoy a complete family reunion in the stock markets in 2008. In other news, China’s no spring chicken. It knows its way around the international trade game, and is dealing with unfair trade allegations from both the United States and the European Union. China is also fighting back, protecting itself from dumping from other nations as well. Finally, Lenovo isn’t full of the joys of spring. Its lack of profitability in America is becoming an eyesore on the company’s financial reports. By LIU YUNYUN

  15. 农村鲜活农产品物流市场整合战略研究%Study on Integration Strategy of Rural Fresh Agricultural Produce Logistics Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, in view of the current status and characteristics of the rural fresh agricultural produce logistics market, we analyzed the limitation of the current logistics mode, then on such basis, proposed three integration strategies, which were horizontal integration, vertical integration and platform integration, and at the end, proposed the corresponding suggestions for the problems in the integration process.%根据农村鲜活农产品物流市场的现状和特点,分析现有物流模式的局限性,在此基础上提出三种整合战略,包括横向整合、纵向整合和平台式整合,最后针对整合过程中的问题提出了相应建议。

  16. Discussion of the Marketing Strategy of Green Agriculture on the Basis of Brand Trust%基于品牌信任的绿色农产品营销策略探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿硕

    2013-01-01

    The consumers have doubts in green agricultural products because of the asymmetric information. This paper begins with the introduction of the notion about green products and brand trust, then points out the cur-rent situation and the features of brand trust. Finally, this paper provides countermeasures in marketing so as to build consumer's brand trust.%由于信息的不对称,消费者对绿色农产品持有怀疑态度。本文首先介绍了绿色农产品和品牌信任的概念,接着指出消费者对绿色农产品品牌信任的现状,然后说明建立绿色农产品品牌信任的特点,最后提出了建立品牌信任的营销对策。

  17. Empirical Research on the Influencing Factors of Urban Residents' Satisfaction Degree on Agricultural Products Market Taking Huaian City as an Example%城市居民对农贸市场满意度影响因素实证研究--以淮安市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾建华

    2014-01-01

    Questionnaire survey is done to the city residents in Huaian about the influencing factors of their satisfaction degree of the agricultural market. The data obtained is analyzed by factor analysis and regression analysis for the empirical analysis. The study indicates that the farmer's market hardware factor, quality factor and agricultural products market service factor are the important factors that influence urban residents' satisfaction on the agricultural products market. The commodity value factor has no significant effects on agricultural products market satisfaction degree. Some suggestions are put forward accordingly.%本文通过对淮安城市居民关于农贸市场满意因素的问卷调研,所得数据运用因子分析、回归分析等方法进行实证分析,研究表明:农贸市场硬件设施因子、商品质量因子、农贸市场服务因子是影响城市居民对农贸市场满意度的重要因素,商品价值因子对农贸市场满意度影响不显著,并由此提出了相关的建议。

  18. 75 FR 51917 - Perishable Agricultural Commodities Act: Increase in License Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... / Tuesday, August 24, 2010 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing... AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Department of Agriculture... marketing of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables in interstate and foreign commerce. The PACA...

  19. National Farmers Market Summit Proceedings Report

    OpenAIRE

    Tropp, Debra; Barham, James

    2008-01-01

    The USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), in partnership with the Farmers Market Consortium, hosted the National Farmers Market Summit November 7–9, 2007, in Baltimore, MD. The Summit assembled key stakeholders from the farmers market community to convene a national conversation on issues and challenges facing today’s farmers markets. The National Farmers Market Summit had three broad objectives: (1) Identify farmers market needs and existing gaps in assistance, (2) Prioritize future res...

  20. The R & D Market Structure of Agricultural Biotechnology Firm in Taiwan%台湾农业生物技术厂商研发市场结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池敏青; 王海平; 周琼

    2013-01-01

    农业生技产业的长期发展很大程度上取决于相关厂商的实际技术和产品开发效率,与厂商研发创新能力密切相关。该文从研发经费投入、研发经费支出、研发主要成效、研发面临的主要问题,以及厂商研发受政府辅助影响5个方面对台湾当前农业生技厂商研发市场结构进行分析总结,并从企业战略合作、资金募集渠道、研发基础设施、研发人才队伍等方面提出了进一步提高台湾农业生技厂商研发效率的对策建议。%The long-term development of agricultural biotechnology industry depends largely on the relevant manufacturers of the actual technology and product development efficiency, and is closely related to R&D innovation ability. This article from the R&D, R&D expenditures, R&D major achievements, development problems, and R&D firms under government aided effect 5 aspects to the Taiwan Agricultural Biotechnology R&D market structure analysis. And cooperation, from the enterprise strategy, fund raising channels, R&D infrastructure, R&D personnel etc. to put forward a proposal to improve the Taiwan agricultural biotechnology industry development.

  1. 7 CFR 1230.13 - Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market. 1230.13 Section 1230.13 Agriculture... CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions § 1230.13 Market. Market means to sell, slaughter for sale, or otherwise dispose of a porcine animal in commerce....

  2. Providing Market Information for Ethiopian Farmers: Extending Participatory Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zewge, Amanuel; Dittrich, Yvonne; Bekele, Rahel

    In a developing country like Ethiopia, marketing of agricultural products is influenced by local, socioeconomic, cultural and IT infrastructure characteristics. ICT-based agriculture information systems have been proposed to support farmers with market information. However, such initiatives have...

  3. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    TO THE POINT: First month economic data showed that the Chinese economy continued its strong momentum in spite of tightened government regulation. The stock market recovered slightly from the nosedive of the past several months, but shares of financial institutions dropped. The Bank of China reassured investors of its sound performance despite subprime-related concerns, while Agricultural Bank of China is still struggling for a public listing. International iron ore price rise settled at 65 percent, adding huge costs to domestic steel companies. China is preparing an appeal to the World Trade Organization after the world body issued a negative ruling against the country on auto spare parts. By LIU YUNYUN

  4. [Theme: Economic Literacy Through Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    In a series of articles, the authors indicate that in building a vocational agriculture program, developing students' abilities to deal with the economic impact of agricultural production should receive high priority. Discusses banking, taxes, economic principles, farm business management, and marketing as they relate to agriculture. (JOW)

  5. Impact of energy prices and cellulosic biomass supply on agriculture, energy, and the environment: An integrated modeling approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    The accelerated growth in biofuels markets has both created and reinforced linkages between agricultural and energy markets. This study investigates the dynamics in agricultural and biofuel markets under alternative price scenarios for both crude oil and natural gas. Two energy ...

  6. The Multi-layer Agriculture Marketing Development Pattern of Circular Economy Framework---Based on Central Plains%基于循环经济框架的多层农业营销发展模式探讨--以中原地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香

    2014-01-01

    Abstact:Central plains are the main agricultural areas, and agricultural marketing is of great significance for the regional agricultural economy. Through the establishment of agricultural circular economy index system of the central plains,the author located the regional agricultural recycling economy development characteristics and focus,considering the regional agricultural recycling economy development barriers and pitfalls as well, and designed its core framework with two key innovations for the central plains agricultural marketing.%中原地区作为农业主产区,农业营销对区域农业经济的发展具有十分重要的意义。通过对中原地区农业循环经济指标体系的建立,寻找该区域农业循环经济发展的特点和着眼点,结合该区域农业循环经济发展的壁垒和缺陷,为中原地区农业营销设计核心框架和两重关键创新。

  7. 77 FR 40323 - Notice of Invitation for Nominations to the Advisory Committee on Agriculture Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ... sociologists, farm policy analysts, educators, State agriculture representatives, and agriculture-related business and marketing experts. Members serve staggered 2-year terms, with terms for half of the...

  8. Risk governance in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bachev, Hrabrin

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and assesses the efficiency of major modes for risk governance in agriculture on the base of Bulgarian dairy farming. Firstly, the New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics is incorporated and a framework for analysis of the governance of natural, market, private, and social (institutional) risks presented. Next, the pace and challenges of the dairy farming development during the post-communist transition and EU integration is outlined. Third, major types of risk...

  9. [Musculoskeletal disorders in agriculture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Christophe; Tourne, Mathias

    2007-06-15

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major area of concern in the occupational world. The agricultural industry is particularly affected: 93 percent of occupational diseases in agriculture are MSD. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in one third of the cases. Shoulder is the second most common location. The most affected occupational areas are meat production, viticulture, market gardening, horticulture and small animal farming. This MSD phenomenon, of multifactorial origin, which has been amplifying for two decades, has led to some consensus in terms of definition and prevention strategy. The aim is to identify, limit or even suppress risk factors through worker training as well as through actions related to work organization. Regarding occupational health and safety in agriculture, two fronts of progress have been mentioned: the creation of a statistic observatory of MSD (disease, occupational area and cost) and the assessment of prevention activities. Finally, a new issue is being discussed: sustainable prevention of MSD.

  10. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... development projects, and marketing promotion including paid advertising, designed to assist, improve, or... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section 905.54 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  11. 7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing promotion including paid advertising. The expense of such projects shall be paid by funds... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section 916.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  12. Competitiveness of Romanian Agriculture after EU Accession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela NECULITA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to determine whether after joining European Union, Romanian agriculture became more competitiveness on Unique Market. Romania need significant financial help to solve various structural problems, one of the main problems being the low competitiveness in attracting European funds. Taking all the aspects into consideration, this paper trying to develop an objective analysis of the current state of Romanian agriculture competitiveness, by means of pertinent data and statistics. Competitiveness increase, not only in agriculture, has become a primordial framework of the economic development strategies of most world countries. Agriculture can be an important asset for Romania, in the battle to become more competitive to the European level. Romania should win the market share and increase its exports to the EU market. According to European officials, Romania should find gaps on an already competitive market or to become competitive on new markets.

  13. 7 CFR 1005.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1005.86 Section 1005... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  14. 7 CFR 1032.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1032.86 Section 1032... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  15. 7 CFR 1131.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1131.86 Section 1131... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  16. 7 CFR 1006.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1006.86 Section 1006... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  17. 7 CFR 1001.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1001.86 Section 1001... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  18. 7 CFR 1030.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1030.86 Section 1030... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  19. 7 CFR 1007.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1007.86 Section 1007... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  20. 7 CFR 1000.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1000.86 Section 1000... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDERS Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1000.86 Deduction...

  1. 7 CFR 1126.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1126.86 Section 1126... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  2. 7 CFR 1124.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1124.86 Section 1124... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  3. 7 CFR 1033.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1033.86 Section 1033... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  4. OECD Measure to Market Price Support of China's Agricultural Products%OECD方法测度中国农产品市场价格支持的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永刚

    2011-01-01

    国际上普遍采用OECD.方法测度农业政策对农业的支持水平和资源配置效果,以便为贸易谈判和政策制定提供依据.本研究约定和规范了运用OECD方法测度中国农产品市场价格支持(MPS)的具体模式,重点分析了MPS测算中农产品进出口参考价格的产地等值调整方法.笔者认为MPS计算涵盖的农产品应包括小麦、稻谷、玉米、大豆、油菜籽、花生等18种农产品;为使国家之间和不同农产品之间的比较更有意义,应精确估算和调整运输费用、营销费用、质量差价、技术转换系数和饲料转换比率.%The study focused the OECD' method used to measure the extent of support provided to agriculture in many countries. It was concluded that products should cover wheat, rice, maize, soybeans, rapeseed, peanut and so on to assess the level of MPS (market price support). It was important to measure marketing margins,transportation costs, and quality adjustments accurately.

  5. Constraints and opportunities for implementing nutrition-specific, agricultural and market-based approaches to improve nutrient intake adequacy among infants and young children in two regions of rural Kenya.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hotz, Christine; Pelto, Gretel; Armar-Klemesu, Margaret; Ferguson, Elaine F; Chege, Peter; Musinguzi, Enock

    2015-12-01

    Several types of interventions can be used to improve nutrient intake adequacy in infant and young child (IYC) diets, including fortified foods, home fortification, nutrition education and behaviour change communication (BCC) in addition to agricultural and market-based strategies. However, the appropriate selection of interventions depends on the social, cultural, physical and economic context of the population. Derived from two rural Kenyan populations, this analysis combined information from: (1) a quantitative analysis to derive a set of food-based recommendations (FBRs) to fill nutrient intake gaps in IYC diets and identify 'problem nutrients' for which intake gaps require solutions beyond currently available foods and dietary patterns, and (2) an ethnographic qualitative analysis to identify contextual factors posing opportunities or constraints to implementing the FBRs, including perceptions of cost, convenience, accessibility and appropriateness of the recommended foods for IYC diets and other social or physical factors that determine accessibility of those foods. Opportunities identified included BCC to increase the acceptability and utilisation of green leafy vegetables (GLV) and small fish and agronomic interventions to increase the productivity of GLV and millet. Value chains for millet, beans, GLV, milk and small fish should be studied for opportunities to increase their accessibility in local markets. Processor-level interventions, such as partially cooked fortified dry porridge mixes or unfortified cereal mixes incorporating millet and beans, may increase the accessibility of foods that provide increased amounts of the problem nutrients. Multi-sectoral actors and community stakeholders should be engaged to assess the feasibility of implementing these locally appropriate strategies.

  6. Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Beijing Modern Urban Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyze development situations of Beijing modern urban agriculture from agricultural distribution,agricultural foundation and agricultural industrial system.Our research on challenges and opportunities of Beijing modern urban agriculture indicates that challenges include short of resources,deterioration of environment,and high production cost,and opportunities include large market space,advanced agricultural industrial experience and many other development opportunities.On the basis of these,we put forward development thought of Beijing modern urban agriculture in " the Twelfth Five Plan" period.We must improve foundation,integration and demonstration of agriculture;orient towards market and satisfy medium and high end market demands;actively cultivate and strengthen agricultural industrial level;create unique product brand;and raise added value of agricultural products.

  7. Strategies for Development of Shaanxi’s Agricultural Insurance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces current situations of agricultural insurance market in Shaanxi Province. It is indicated that development of Shaanxi’s agricultural insurance industry is faced with following difficulties. First, risks of agricultural production are various, occurrence frequency is high and losses are great. Second, effective supply of commercial insurance companies for agriculture is seriously inadequate. Third, farmers’ demand for agricultural insurance is restricted by many factors. Fourth, government support for agricultural insurance is not generous. Then, it puts forward strategies for development of agricultural insurance in Shaanxi Province. These include: encourage commercial insurance companies to actively enter agricultural insurance market; establish perfect agricultural reinsurance system; strengthen propaganda of agricultural insurance and speed up agricultural industrialization; enhance policy support for agricultural insurance to promote its development.

  8. 7 CFR 205.310 - Agricultural products produced on an exempt or excluded operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Labels, Labeling, and... excluded operation as a certified organic operation, or (2) Be represented as a certified organic...

  9. Social networks and factor markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abay, Kibrom Araya; Kahsay, Goytom Abraha; Berhane, Guush

    In the absence of well-established factor markets, the role of indigenous institutions and social networks can be substantial for mobilizing factors for agricultural production. We investigate the role of an indigenous social network in Ethiopia, the iddir, in facilitating factor market...... sources. These results point out the roles non-market arrangements, such as social networks, can play in mitigating market inefficiencies in poor rural markets....... transactions among smallholder farmers. Using detailed longitudinal household survey data and employing a difference-in-differences approach, we find that iddir membership improves households’ access to factor markets. Specifically, we find that joining an iddir network improves households’ access to land...

  10. 78 FR 22202 - Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Salable...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-15

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 985 Marketing Order Regulating the... 2013-2014 Marketing Year AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY..., that handlers may purchase from, or handle on behalf of, producers during the 2013-2014 marketing...

  11. The World of Organic Agriculture at BioFach 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Willer, Helga; Sahota, Amarjit; Huber, Beate

    2009-01-01

    The Powerpoint presentations summarize three key chapters of the 2009 edition of 'The World of Organic Agriculture' - Results of the global survey on organic agriculture - The global market for organic food and drink - Standards and legislation update

  12. 7 CFR 27.95 - Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations. 27.95 Section 27.95 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE... and Differences § 27.95 Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations. Every bona fide spot...

  13. Condition and prospects of development of agricultural mechanical engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vsevolod Petrovich Babushkin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an estimation of condition and level of development of agricultural mechanical engineering is given; also an expert estimation of scales of the Russian market of agricultural machinery is given. The factors negatively influencing formation of the named market are designated. Features and prospects of development of agricultural mechanical engineering of Sverdlovsk region are defined. State regulation mechanisms of domestic agricultural mechanical engineering development are designated.

  14. 7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... production of fruit. Such projects may provide for any form of marketing promotion including paid advertising...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF... establish or provide for the establishment of production research, marketing research, and...

  15. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  16. 农产品批发市场建设规模的影响因素分析——以滁州农产品批发市场为例%Analysis of the Influencing Factors of the Construction Scale on Local Wholescale Market of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2013-01-01

    在农产品批发市场建设规划初期,市场规模问题易被忽视,规模过大会造成城市土地资源浪费,规模偏小会带来后期市场运营效率低下、效益不高,因此在规划前期应从农产品的货源类型、流向和居民消费需要等方面考虑经济发展和区位交通条件等实际情况,重点且有差异性地突出区域性农产品批发市场的建设规模,以此促进各项资源整合.在整理相关资料,分析影响市场建设规模的地区发展因素和交通区位因素的前提下,结合滁州农产品批发市场建设案例,分析其产业、区位、交通优势及经济环境、市场现状、建设条件等因素,最后对农产品批发市场建设规模进行了市场预测.%In the early stage of agricultural products wholesale market construction,the problem of market scale is easy to be ignored.Too large scale will cause the waste of city land resource,too small scale will bring market operating low efficiency and benefit at the late stage.The economic development and location traffic conditions should be considered from aspects of agricultural products origin types,flow direction and residents' consumption.The construction scale of regional agricultural products wholesale market should be distinguishingly treated,so as to promote integration of resources.On the basis of organizing related material,analyzing regional development factors and traffic location factors,combined with the case of Chuzhou agricultural products wholesale market,the industry,location,transport advantages,economic environment,market status,construction conditions were analyzed.Finally,influencing factors for influencing construction scale of agricultural products wholesale market were discussed.

  17. Marketing; Il marketing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muscigna, M. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, RM (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1999-07-01

    The report discusses marketing strategies oriented to the organizations and analyzes its critical factors, which determine the success of the organization activity. [Italian] Il rapporto analizza i caratteri delle strategie del marketing orientato all'impresa. Vengono infine analizzati i fattori critici che determinano il successo o l'insuccesso delle scelte aziendali.

  18. 78 FR 14071 - Notice of Appointment of Members to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... research in the food and agricultural sciences, food retailing and marketing, rural economic development... Retailing and Marketing Interests,'' Nancy Childs, Professor of Food Marketing, Saint Joseph's University... Board, including farming or ranching, food production and processing, forestry research, crop and...

  19. The Dualism of Asymmetric Information in Agricultural Insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuemei Yang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Asymmetric information objectively exists in the insurance market, especially in agricultural insurance, which has a great impact on the insurance contract and market operation. This paper designs two game models to analyse the dualism of asymmetric information in agricultural insurance and its reasons of forming. We find that, the particularity of agricultural production, the agricultural risk diversification and the benefits’ spillover of the agricultural insurance are the main causes of asymmetric information. Therefore, this paper puts forward that establishment of appropriate agricultural insurance mode, optimization of insurance policy design and increasing investment in science and technology, increasing farmers’ insurance consciousness and establishing supervision system

  20. 78 FR 23673 - Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Revision of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 985 Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced... Class 3 (Native) Spearmint Oil for the 2012-2013 Marketing Year AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service..., producers during the 2012-2013 marketing year under the Far West spearmint oil marketing order. The...

  1. 基于电子商务平台的农产品营销模式研究--以重庆为例%RESEARCH ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKETING MODE BASED ON E -COMMERCE PLATFORM---TAKING CHONGQING AS AN EXAMPLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁文娟

    2016-01-01

    随着互联网普及程度越来越高,农产品电子商务作为一种新型营销方式在现代营销中具有重要的作用。文章首先对电子商务相关概念和基础理论进行概述,明确了电子商务的重要性。其次在对重庆市农产品电子商务营销现状及问题分析的基础上,对目前重庆市现有的3种电子商务营销模式,即为电子市场交易模式、网络中介模式、网络虚拟社区模式进行深入分析。最后,从建立健全农产品电子商务相关法律和制度、大力培养农产品电子商务专业人才、开展多种形式的农产品电子营销模式,实施农牧产品与农商旅联动营销战略等几方面提出促进重庆市电子商务发展的策略。%With the increasing popularity of the internet , the e -commerce of agricultural products,as a new mode, has an important role in the modern marketing .In this paper, the concept and basic theory of electronic commerce were summarized, and the importance of e -commerce was discussed.On the basis of the advantages and disadvantages of e -commerce of agricultural products marketing ,three e -commerce marketing modes were analyzed, i.e,the electronic trading market mode, internet intermediary mode, and network virtual community mode.Finally, some suggestions were put forward to promote the development of electronic commerce in Chongqing city,such as establishingperfect laws and regulations of agricultural products e -commerce, vigorously developing e-commerce personnel,carrying out various forms of electronic marketing , and implementing the joint marketing strategyof agriculture and animal products combined with agriculture , business, and tourism.

  2. Market orientation in food and agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Larsen, Hanne Hartvig; Madsen, Tage Koed;

    Bogen præsenterer resultater, som kan hjælpe fødevarevirksomheder til at blive mere markedsorienterede. Indholdet er opdelt i to enheder: Første del handler om, hvilke metoder en virksomhed kan bruge til at indsamle nyttig information om deres kunder. Anden del handler om implementering af kompet...

  3. 78 FR 32226 - Poultry Market News Reports; Request for Extension and Revision of the Currently Approved...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Poultry Market News Reports; Request for Extension... Livestock, Poultry, Meat, Grain, and Their Related Products Used as Market News Information AGENCY... collection. AMS recently merged its Livestock and Grain Market News Division with the Poultry Market...

  4. Review of Food Safety Supervision for the Wholesale Market of Chinese Agricultural Products%中国农产品批发市场食品安全监管研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张守莉; 秦明; 王志刚

    2015-01-01

    随着生活水平的不断提高,人们越来越关注舌尖上的食品质量安全问题。尤其是近年来食品安全事故频发,使得人们对食品安全的关注度越来越强,对食品安全的监管也提出了新的要求。文章对中国的食品安全监管研究进行了梳理,围绕食品安全监管模式、食品安全监管制度的缺陷与完善以及流通环节食品安全监管制度等方面进行了评述,并提出了中国农产品批发市场食品安全监管的未来研究趋势。%With the continuous improvement of living standards, there is an increas-ingly concerned about food quality and safety issues. Especial y in recent years, food safety incidents, breaking out frequently, have become the focus of people's attention, putting forward new demands on the regulation of food safety. This paper reviewed the Food Safety Supervision in China from food safety supervision mode, regulatory system defects and circulation supervision system, and also proposed the future research trends of food safety regulations for the wholesale market of Chi-nese agricultural products.

  5. A Study of Yunnan Province how to Implement E-Marketing of Agricultural Products Based on 4Ps Theory%基于4Ps理论谈云南省如何实施农产品网络营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马孟丽; 杨敏

    2012-01-01

    It mature usage in many kinds of industries, E-marketing provided a good platform for sales of agricultural products. Therefor, there are pressing concerns of how to rely on the experience of successful E-marketing model with actual situation in Yunnan Province, resolve various problems exist in the process of agricultural trade. This article looks at the reality, based on the 4Ps theory; analyze the problems and causes of E-Marketing of agricultural products in Yunnan Province. and then point out some strategies which is helpful in implement E-marketing of agricultural products.%网络营销在各行各业的成熟运用为农产品的网络销售提供了一个很好的平台,然而,如何依托成功网络营销模式经验并结合云南省实际情况,改善农产品交易过程中存在的各种瓶颈问题,仍是一些亟待解决的新问题.着眼于现实,基于4Ps理论对云南省农产品网络营销存在的问题及原因进行分析,并在此基础上提出实施农产品网络营销的策略,希望能够为云南省将发展农产品网络营销的企业提供一些借鉴.

  6. Social networks and factor markets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abay, Kibrom Araya; Kahsay, Goytom Abraha; Berhane, Guush

    In the absence of well-established factor markets, the role of indigenous institutions and social networks can be substantial for mobilizing factors for agricultural production. We investigate the role of an indigenous social network in Ethiopia, the iddir, in facilitating factor market...

  7. Migrant labor in agriculture: an international comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, P L

    1985-01-01

    The May 1984 Conference on Migrant Labor in Agriculture at the University of California-Davis discussed papers by 22 farm labor experts from 12 nations. Each industrial nation utilizes a different set of public and private policies to supply workers for labor-intensive agriculture, but none is entirely satisfactory. Labor-intensive agriculture is becoming more dependent on workers who are shut out of labor markets. Some countries have simply accepted foreign workers in agriculture, while others have adopted policies to integrate farm and nonfarm labor markets. Polices to reduce agriculture's reliance on workers-without-options include restructuring employment practices to employ fewer seasonal workers for longer periods, mechanizing production, and importing fruits and vegetables from nearby developing countries. This article explains the salient features of labor-intensive agriculture, the various polices for obtaining seasonal farmworkers, and options to reduce farming's dependence on migrant labor.

  8. Study of Rice Marketing System in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Feizabadi, Yaser

    2011-01-01

    Rice comes second after wheat in Iran`s food consumption economy. Rising population and recent growth in GDP has made Iran one of the greatest rice importer countries all over the world. That is why rice marketing has always been a controversial issue in Iran`s agricultural economics. To study rice marketing system in Iran, this paper aims to calculate rice marketing margin, market efficiency and marketing cost coefficient in seaside Mazandaran province( where 70 percent of domestic rice prod...

  9. Strategy on the Characteristic Agricultural Products Marketing from the Perspective of Internet---Taking Jinggang Honey Pomelo as an Example%基于网络视角的特色农产品营销策略探讨--以江西省吉安市的“井冈蜜柚”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖晓红; 刘冬生

    2016-01-01

    随着信息技术和网络的发展,传统的农业生产模式也发生了巨大改变,农业生产、管理、销售等活动已经实现。网络交易平台的出现,农产品也从现实的集市搬到虚拟的集市,买家和卖家都是网络交易,打破了时间、区域和产品种类的局限性。要发展井冈蜜柚这一特色产业,应充分抓住国家“一带一路”和“互联网+”的大好机遇,通过网络大平台大力开辟国内和国际市场,提高国外市场的份额,努力开创“小产品、大品牌、强销售”的井冈蜜柚产业新局面。%With the development of information and network technology, the traditional agricultural production mode has changed immensely. One click to agricultural production, management, marketing and other activities has been realized. The emergence of network trading platform made agricultural products move from the real market to the virtual market. Both buyers and sellers sold and bought products by a mouse easily, which broke the limits of time, area and product variety. The characteristic industry of Jinggang honey pomelo should fully grasp the opportunities of the new principle of the Belt and Road and Internet +, and open up the domestic and international market through the network platform, and improve foreign market share, and create a new situation of small products, big brands, strong sales of Jinggang honey pomelo.

  10. Inserciones laborales tempranas: Los jóvenes trabajadores agrícolas en el Valle de Uco, Mendoza, Argentina Early labor markets incorporations: Agricultural young workers in the Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel I Bober

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta las diferentes formas de inserción laboral de trabajadores jóvenes en el Valle de Uco, en la provincia de Mendoza. Durante las últimas décadas, el Valle de Uco basó su patrón de desarrollo agrícola en un modelo intensivo y empresarial de sus tres principales cultivos: los viñedos, los frutales y las hortalizas. En la actualidad, atraviesa un proceso de profunda reconversión productiva, orientada mayoritariamente hacia el mercado externo, que entre otras consecuencias pasó a modificar el funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo local. En este artículo, se contemplan las diferentes situaciones que llevan al ingreso laboral de los jóvenes en este contexto, según el momento etáreo que atraviesen. Se analiza la relación que este proceso guarda con el tamaño y la estructura de las familias y la situación socio-económica del hogar al que pertenecen. También, se examina el vínculo entre las características de los hogares y la forma de inserción de los jóvenes en el mercado de trabajo, de acuerdo al tipo de ocupación en la que se desempeñan y al destino que le dan a sus ingresos. A partir de la realización de entrevistas en profundidad a trabajadores jóvenes y a informantes clave se pudo dar cuenta de las preferencias de los jóvenes con respecto a distintos tipos de trabajos, con particular énfasis en ciertos trabajos agrícolas y, también en relación a su futuro laboral.This article deals with the different ways that young workers in the Uco Valley, at the province of Mendoza, enter to the agrarian local labour market. During the last decadas, the Uco Valley based its pattern of agricultural development in an intensive business model of its three main crops: vineyards, orchards, and vegetables. Currently, it is undergoing a process of profound restructuring of production, mainly oriented towards foreign markets, which among different consequences has modified the functioning of local labour markets. In

  11. Energy production from agriculture: an economic evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Becker, J.J.

    1986-05-01

    The crisis in sales on the world market of the European Economic Community's traditional agricultural products as well as Europe's concern for its energy independence, have led to the elaboration of agricultural diversification strategies and more specifically of agricultural projects which produce energy. This article evaluates the interest of such schemes in relation to the criterion of collective profitability.

  12. Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture and Future Developments of the CAP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørsted Nielsen, Helle; Branth Pedersen, Anders; Christensen, Tove

    2009-01-01

    in the world market could increase pressure to slacken regulatory requirements on agriculture. Thus, the question of whether liberalization will hinder or promote environmentally sustainable production methods in agriculture is unresolved. This paper analyses different scenarios of agricultural policy......Recent reforms of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have set in motion a process of increased market orientation in the agricultural sector, a process that will be intensified by trade liberalization if an agreement is reached under the World Trade Organization (WTO......). It is widely expected that both CAP reforms and a WTO agreement will also lead to a more environmentally friendly European agriculture. It is conceivable, however, that market demand would instead provide renewed incentives for intensive agricultural production. Opening European agriculture to more competition...

  13. Bottleneck on Supply Chain of Organic Agricultural Products and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xin-min

    2012-01-01

    Organic agriculture is one of successful models of low-carbon agriculture, and plays an important role in alleviating and adapting to climate change. However, the development of supply chain of organic agricultural products lags behind, which seriously restricts development of organic agricultural product market. In this paper, major models and bottleneck of supply chain of organic agricultural products are analyzed, and finally countermeasures are put forward.

  14. 广东农产品北上营销策略构建——以高州香蕉为例%Construction on Marketing Countermeasures of Agricultural Products of Guangdong in the North——Taking a Case for Gaozhou Bananas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁文光; 胡艳; 彭运力

    2011-01-01

    经济危机后,广东农产品北上营销面临着巨大的市场威胁。以高州香蕉为例,通过对广东农产品北上营销面临的问题分析可知,需从优化物流体系、建立渠道战略联盟、整合营销文化传播途径、增强品牌内涵等方面加以解决。%After economic crisis,the marketing of agricultural products of Guangdong in the north faces huge market threatening.Taking a case for Gaozhou bananas,by analyzing the problems existing in the marketing of agricultural products of Guangdong,it shows that the problems may be solved from the aspects of optimizing logistics system,building channel strategy league,the integration of marketing culture spread ways and strengthening brand connotation etc.

  15. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  16. Measuring research benefits in an imperfect market

    OpenAIRE

    Voon, T.J.

    1994-01-01

    In this paper, an imperfect market model is developed for evaluating agricultural research benefits. The main finding is that the increases in societal gain, and the producer's share of this gain, are larger with a monopoly than with a competitive market. The paper argues that if the market for an agricultural input or for a commodity is not competitive, then use of a competitive model for assessing research benefits could lead to understatements of both producer and total benefits.

  17. Research on Dynamic Relationship between Agricultural Insurance and Agricultural Disaster Degree

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; QI; Chunlong; XIAN

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural insurance is an important system of rural financial support for agricultural development.Based on the analysis of agricultural insurance improving farmers’anti-risk ability and reducing the damage,the dynamic relationship is discussed with the adoption of error correction model and the data of Guangdong province between 1997 and 2010.The result shows that the promotion of agricultural insurance depth is beneficial to reducing agricultural damage degree and there exists long-term equilibrium relationship.More precisely,agricultural insurance depth is the Granger reason of agricultural damage degree while the reverse relationship has not been supported yet.Based on the empirical analysis,this paper discusses the characteristics and foundation of agricultural production as well as market characteristics of agricultural insurance to further explore the necessity of financial support.

  18. Ethiopian Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Ethiopia is the third populous country in Africa. The 17 years of military government (Derg) period 1974-1991 witnessed a centralized economic system and the post-Derg reform has taken the way of market-oriented system for 10 years. Economic and social achievements are observed in Ethiopia during the reform period.

  19. 7 CFR 905.8 - Prepare for market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Prepare for market. 905.8 Section 905.8 Agriculture... TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 905.8 Prepare for market. Prepare for market means to wash, grade, size, or place fruit (whether or not wrapped) into any container...

  20. COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atănăsoaie George Sebastian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Farms of CSA types are a viable alternative to trade of agricultural products coming from conventional agriculture. These farms are faced with a number of policy issues related to product, price, distribution and promotion. In order to elucidate the issues listed above, we have investigated the literature of specialty. Farmers must make more flexible the content of basket both quantitatively and in terms of the nature of food products offered. Consumers need information on ways of preparation or preservation of products. The growth of the processing degree in farm, and inclusion in the offer of services in ecotourism represent effective options to satisfy consumers. To offset the negative impact of high prices measures should be taken in reducing costs, more flexibility in rescheduling of payments due from customers and compensate for the lack of financial resources with the provision of farm work or subsidize a portion of the basket value from private or government sources. Delivery of baskets should be both at fixed points and at customers domicile. Farmers must provide customers the possibility so that they could harvest themselves the products they will buy. Negative influence of prices will be reduced by establishing an effective communication policy with the market, by organizing events on the farm or nearby towns, through blogs and social networks, and through participation in fairs and exhibitions. A greater customer involvement in farming activities will lead to the implementation of an effective marketing mix.

  1. PEACE MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Peace marketing is a new concept which could be part of the category of the public international marketing  and it is, at the same time, a non-profit marketing. The concept of peace marketing is a new one, but one that should be developed because our future depends on the efficiency of the marketing campaigns for peace.

  2. 76 FR 10555 - Marketing Orders for Nectarines and Peaches Grown in California; Notice of Request for New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ... crops, in specified production areas, to work together to solve marketing problems that cannot be solved...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Marketing Orders for Nectarines and Peaches Grown in California; Notice of Request for New Information Collection AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service,...

  3. 78 FR 32070 - Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced in the Far West; Salable...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 985 Marketing Order Regulating the Handling of Spearmint Oil Produced...: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final rule establishes the quantity of....'' The order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7...

  4. 78 FR 44922 - Vegetable and Specialty Crop Marketing Orders; Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-25

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Vegetable and Specialty Crop Marketing Orders; Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service... of 1995 (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35), this notice announces the Agricultural Marketing Service's...

  5. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  6. Market, Regulation, Market, Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frankel, Christian; Galland, Jean-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    This paper focuses on the European Regulatory system which was settled both for opening the Single Market for products and ensuring the consumers' safety. It claims that the New Approach and Standardization, and the Global Approach to conformity assessment, which suppressed the last technical...... barriers to trade in Europe, realized the free movement of products by organizing progressively several orders of markets and regulation. Based on historical and institutional documents, on technical publications, and on interviews, this article relates how the European Commission and the Member States had...... alternatively recourse to markets and to regulations, at the three main levels of the New Approach Directives implementation. The article focuses also more specifically on the Medical Devices sector, not only because this New Approach sector has long been controversial in Europe, and has recently been concerned...

  7. Climate-smart agriculture for food security

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lipper, Leslie; Thornton, Philip; Campbell, Bruce M.; Baedeker, Tobias; Braimoh, Ademola; Bwalya, Martin; Caron, Patrick; Cattaneo, Andrea; Garrity, Dennis; Henry, Kevin; Hottle, Ryan; Jackson, Louise; Jarvis, Andrew; Kossam, Fred; Mann, Wendy; McCarthy, Nancy; Meybeck, Alexandre; Neufeldt, Henry; Remington, Tom; Sen, Pham Thi; Sessa, Reuben; Shula, Reynolds; Tibu, Austin; Torquebiau, Emmanuel F.

    2014-12-01

    Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach for transforming and reorienting agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change. Widespread changes in rainfall and temperature patterns threaten agricultural production and increase the vulnerability of people dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, which includes most of the world's poor. Climate change disrupts food markets, posing population-wide risks to food supply. Threats can be reduced by increasing the adaptive capacity of farmers as well as increasing resilience and resource use efficiency in agricultural production systems. CSA promotes coordinated actions by farmers, researchers, private sector, civil society and policymakers towards climate-resilient pathways through four main action areas: (1) building evidence; (2) increasing local institutional effectiveness; (3) fostering coherence between climate and agricultural policies; and (4) linking climate and agricultural financing. CSA differs from 'business-as-usual' approaches by emphasizing the capacity to implement flexible, context-specific solutions, supported by innovative policy and financing actions.

  8. DIRECTIONS AND CHALLENGES IN GLOBAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela POPA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of global agricultural market has been at the forefront of professional studies. Expert opinions have quite differing views as to whether the world’s food production will be able to supply the huge demand of growing population. This scientific paper provides a general overview of global agricultural directions, including views on whether agricultural productivity increases will be able to keep with food demand increases and price trends. The scientific paper has focused on the present state of the agricultural market and on the analysis of the key factors defining the tasks of the agricultural sector in the near future, with a special attention to the case of Republic of Moldova.

  9. Problems and Countermeasures of China's Creative Agriculture in Marketing and Communication:Innovation Diffusion Perspective%我国创意农业营销传播中存在的问题与对策--基于创新扩散视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马翠华; 杨公成

    2014-01-01

    将我国创意农业的经营者分为三种类型:精英农民、工商资本家及政府主导的与当地农民的联合体,从营销传播视角分析这三类经营者的特征、目标市场、营销内容、营销方式、营销管理特点。最后运用创新扩散理论,针对三类经营者在营销传播中存在的问题分别提出对策。%The operators of creative agriculture in China are divided into three types, elite farmers, industrial and commercial capitalists and government-led association with local farmers. This paper analyzes their characteristics, target market, marketing content and marketing management features, etc. , from the perspective of marketing com-munications. Finally it puts forward countermeasures on the problems existing in the marketing communication of the three types operators, on the basis of the theory of innovation diffusion.

  10. How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Deitz; Margaret Cowell

    2005-01-01

    We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important...

  11. 农业市场化对农户种植效益的影响——基于沪苏皖农户调查的实证研究%Influence of agricultural marketization on farmers' planting benefit: An empirical study of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高珊; 黄贤金; 钟太洋; 陈志刚

    2013-01-01

    With the progressive development of market economy,agricultural marketization enters into a new stage in China,and its relation to the rural land use change becomes closer and closer.In order to analyze the relationship between agricultural marketization and farmers' planting benefit,this paper used Shanghai Municipality,Jiangsu and Anhui provinces as research cases.Anhui was the representative of a traditional rural region,while Shanghai and Jiangsu were representatives of the developed regions in the Yangtze River Delta.A total of 1058 valid questionnaires in 16 villages of five counties were carried out during July-April 2010.The results showed that more sufficient market competition was beneficial to maximization of productive profits of farmers.The profit rate of cash crops was higher than that of food crops.There were obvious regional differences in investigated areas.According to quantitative analysis and expanded CD model test,the rural households' planting benefit was remarkable due to the affects of the markets of production factors and agricultural products.Firstly,for the purpose of obtaining the higher output,the rural households preferred to increase the input of material goods that were mainly composed of seed,pesticide and fertilizer.The inputs of labor force and agricultural machine were changed with rural households' non-agricultural behaviors.In detail,agricultural production had to follow respective productive characteristics.The rural households,whose income was chiefly depended on agricultural activity,tended to increase yield-increasing capital input and manpower input.The rural households,whose income was chiefly depended on non-agricultural activity,tended to increase labor-saving capital input and reduce manpower input.Secondly,the sale behaviors of agricultural products had positive stimulation to enlarge the planting benefit.The price of agricultural products is one of the key factors that affected farmland profits.The price of

  12. 77 FR 51693 - Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Order Amending the Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1033 Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Order Amending the Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final rule amends the..., Civil Justice Reform. They are not intended to have a retroactive effect. The Agricultural...

  13. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  14. The costly benefits of opposing agricultural biotechnology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apel, Andrew

    2010-11-30

    Rigorous application of a simple definition of what constitutes opposition to agricultural biotechnology readily encompasses a wide array of key players in national and international systems of food production, distribution and governance. Even though the sum of political and financial benefits of opposing agricultural biotechnology appears vastly to outweigh the benefits which accrue to providers of agricultural biotechnology, technology providers actually benefit from this opposition. If these barriers to biotechnology were removed, subsistence farmers still would not represent a lucrative market for improved seed. The sum of all interests involved ensures that subsistence farmers are systematically denied access to agricultural biotechnology.

  15. 美国农产品出口贸易的影响因素分析——基于恒定市场份额模型测算%The Analysis of Influential Factors of US Agricultural products export: Based on Constant Market Share Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兵; 刘丹

    2012-01-01

    本文针对2000—2009年美国农产品出口现状,采用恒定市场份额模型,对影响美国农产品出口规模变动的因素进行了分析。结果表明:美国农产品出口波动主要依赖于世界市场农产品需求的变化,世界农产品贸易的总体需求水平对美国农产品出口贸易有着显著影响,而产品的结构和竞争力对出口贸易贡献相对较小。%Based on the study of export of US agricultural products in 2000-2009, the study uses the Constant Market Share Model to analyze the ex- port changes in the scale of US agricultural products. The result indicates that the demand increase of the agricultural products in the world market is the most important factor that influences the changes in exports, while the structure and competitiveness of products do not contribute much to the export fluctuation.

  16. Analysis on Market Trend of French Agricultural Tractors from 2006 to 2010%法国2006-2010年农用拖拉机市场走势浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴清分

    2012-01-01

    介绍了法国拖拉机的生产和市场销售情况,分析了法国拖拉机市场特点及发展趋势。%The production and sales of French tractors are introduced. The market features and development tendency of tractor marketing in French are analyzed.

  17. Features of strategic planning environmental marketing in agrosphere

    OpenAIRE

    I. Voronecka

    2012-01-01

    Grounded methodological basis for strategic planning of environmental marketing of agricultural enterprises, which allows to provide for a sustainable development of the agricultural sector economy in the uncertainty of the environment

  18. Safeguarding fruit crops in the age of agricultural globalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The expansion of fruit production and markets into new geographic areas provides novel opportunities and challenges for the agricultural and marketing industries. In today’s competitive global market environment, growers need access to the best material available in terms of genetics and plant heal...

  19. 76 FR 34618 - Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ... changes in the production and marketing environment in a timely manner. As production and market... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 987 Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed...

  20. A Guide to Successful Organic Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Schmid, Otto; Hamm, Ulrich; Richter, Toralf; Dahlke, Andrea

    2004-01-01

    A Guide to Successful Organic Marketing Initiatives provides practical application of the business and marketing ideas developed from the EU research project OMIaRD. Businesses based on the collaboration between organic farmers often have resources of enthusiasm and considerable skill in agricultural production but lack the means and expertise to develop successfully in the face of rapidly changing market structures and conditions. It provides useful advice on the market and policy issues to ...

  1. Globalization determinants of raw materials markets development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Yatsenko

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The determinants of development of raw materials markets and the peculiarities of their formation in the terms of world economy globalization have been researched. The empirical base of research is the agricultural food market as one of the most important bases in the sphere of material production and provision of food security of the country. The important social and economic mission of the agricultural sector has been highlighted, along with the export competitiveness and import dependence of agricultural food products in the international trade. The imperative norms have been substantiated and conclusions have been drawn regarding the establishment of respective conditions for the operation of globally integrated markets in Ukraine.

  2. 7 CFR 1219.10 - Fiscal period or marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information...

  3. Finding a Plausible Option for Revitalising Agricultural Higher Education in India: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Niraj

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of this paper were to explore the existing status of agricultural higher education in India, application of marketing concepts in similar institutions and to find the most appropriate marketing concept to make agricultural higher education more competitive. Extensive searches of relevant agricultural education, business management…

  4. 75 FR 54591 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds Availability. Inviting... Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, as amended (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.). This program is in addition...

  5. 76 FR 55000 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds Availability: Inviting... Organic Regulations (7 CFR part 205), which were authorized under the Organic Foods Production Act of...

  6. 76 FR 34181 - Pistachios Grown in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-13

    ... provide an additional tool to aid in the marketing of pistachios covered under the order. In the event the... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 983 Pistachios Grown in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule....

  7. 7 CFR 27.11 - Area Director, Marketing Services Office; responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Area Director, Marketing Services Office... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY... Regulations Administration § 27.11 Area Director, Marketing Services Office; responsibility. Subject to...

  8. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... efficient production of avocados. Such products may provide for any form of marketing promotion, including... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT...

  9. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... efficient production of California olives. Such projects may provide for any form of marketing promotion... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables,...

  10. 75 FR 37288 - Kiwifruit Grown in California; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 920

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... absence of a signed marketing agreement, the issuance of this amendatory order is the only practical means... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 920 Kiwifruit Grown in California; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 920 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule...

  11. 77 FR 12216 - Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Recommended Decision and Opportunity To File Written...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1033 Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Recommended Decision and Opportunity To File Written Exceptions on Proposed Amendments to Tentative Marketing Agreement and Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed rule; recommended decision. SUMMARY:...

  12. Land Market Development and the Farmland Conversion for Non-agricultural Use: Assessment and Calculation Based on Inter-provincial Panel Data%土地市场发育与农地非农化——基于省际面板数据的估计与测算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永乐; 吴群

    2009-01-01

    研究目的:验证土地市场发育对农地非农化的作用方向,估算其对农地非农化的作用.研究方法:理论分析与面板数据模型相结合.研究结果:(1)全国土地市场化水平不断提高,90%以上省份处于转型期土地市场经济阶段;(2)土地市场发育与农地非农化之间呈负相关关系;(3)1999-2005年,全国因土地市场发育而得到抑制的农地转为建设用地数量为25624.79 hm2,占农地转为建设用地总量的1.76%,土地资源市场化配置对于农地非农化的抑制作用还不高.研究结论:缓解农地保护压力的制度供给和政策调整可从两方面开展:(1)提高拍卖出让方式比例,出让方式由低市场化方式向高市场化方式转变,提高土地市场化水平;(2)加强土地市场法规建设、规范土地市场,促进土地市场健康发展.%The purpose of this paper is to verify the direction of impact of land market development on farmland conversion for non-agricultural use, and estimate its effects on farmland conversion for non-agricultural use. Methods of theoretical analysis and panel data model were jointly employed. The results indicate that: (1)the general marketization level of China land market is increasing constantly, and more than ninety percent provinces are in the so-defined transformation stage; (2)the relationship between land market development and farmland conversion for non-agricultural use is negatively correlated; (3)there was 25624.79 hm2 of farmland were saved due to the development of land market from 1999 to 2005 which supposed to he converted into construction land, hut it is only accounting for 1.76% of the total area of the converted farmland. Thus, it illustrates the role of market allocation on controlling farmland conversion is not significant. It is concluded that the institutional supply and policy adjustment for relieving the pressure of farmland protection can follow two aspects: (1) increase the proportion of auction

  13. Hospital marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Tony

    2003-01-01

    This article looks at a prescribed academic framework for various criteria that serve as a checklist for marketing performance that can be applied to hospital marketing organizations. These guidelines are drawn from some of Dr. Noel Capon of Columbia University's book Marketing Management in the 21st Century and applied to actual practices of hospital marketing organizations. In many ways this checklist can act as a "marketing" balanced scorecard to verify performance effectiveness and develop opportunities for innovation.

  14. Internet marketing

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    In the bachelor thesis are introduced theoretical concepts of the Internet and marketing, accented the need of marketing mix along with its specifics of the internet environment. Next is interpreted which tools can be used for marketing of firms and which marketing instruments are to be deployed. Final chapter illustrates socio-demographics of Czech internet users along with media market allocation from the perspective of all media as well as in the segment of the Internet.

  15. Strategic Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Potter, Ned

    2015-01-01

    This chapter from The Library Marketing Toolkit focuses on marketing strategy. Marketing is more successful when it happens as part of a constantly-renewing cycle. The aim of this chapter is to demystify the process of strategic marketing, simplifying it into seven key stages with advice on how to implement each one. Particular emphasis is put on dividing your audience and potential audience into segments, and marketing different messages to each group. \\ud \\ud It includes case studies from T...

  16. “社区支持农业”产销科普一体化模式研究--以广州“神农田园”农场为例%Study of Integration Model of Production,Marketing and Popular Science on Community Support Agriculture--Taking Guangzhou Shennong Fields and Gardens for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯何松; 徐鹏举; 刘伟锋

    2014-01-01

    With people's increasing demand for safe food,in this contradictory relationship,Community Sup-port Agriculture emerged as the times require,because the food safety problems emerged frequently.This arti-cle discusses and analyzes the conception of Community Support Agriculture,its production and marketing and the integrated mode of science and education.%随着社会食品安全问题频发,对安全食品的需求与日俱增,在这种矛盾关系下“,社区支持农业”模式应运而生。该文从“社区支持农业”的概念及其模式中的产销与安全健康、科教一体化模式进行论述,并进行分析。

  17. 7 CFR 987.43 - Outlets and specifications for marketable dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE....12 to reflect new major outlets and regulatory requirements needed because of changes in marketing... processing, Export dates, and Product dates....

  18. 7 CFR 27.93 - Bona fide spot markets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bona fide spot markets. 27.93 Section 27.93... REGULATIONS COTTON CLASSIFICATION UNDER COTTON FUTURES LEGISLATION Regulations Spot Markets § 27.93 Bona fide spot markets. The following markets have been determined, after investigation, and are...

  19. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda GHEORGHIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture today is a strategic point of a country's economy, providing food based on population, development of internal and external trade and manufacturing industries by supplying raw materials. For Romania, this branch is a strong point both in terms climatic (temperate, balanced relief, soil quality and at the same time is also a way of national development and convergence of rural areas to their full potential untapped. With strong reforms, well implemented, a specific legislative framework which aims to protecting private property, Romania could reduce the low efficiency and can have a sustainable agriculture. The paper aimed to present the advantages of consuming organic products, and, on the other hand, the advantages of a country in terms of organic farming. European agriculture is a competitive, market-oriented, but also protecting the environment model.

  20. Research on Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Based on SCP Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking the SCP mode of industrial organization theory as the starting point,the paper analyzes Chinese agricultural market structure,market conduct and conduct performance and draws lessons from foreign experiences in developing agriculture.In the process of agricultural industrialization,Chinese agricultural development exists the problems of low intensive degree,low degree of differential products,surplus labor forces,low agricultural profit rate and low industrial contribution rate and farmers’ difficultly in adapting to market competition.The paper puts forward suggestions for addressing the problems,which include underpinning the cooperation of operation main bodies and developing rural cooperative organizations;promoting land transfer and clarifying land property;accelerating rural surplus labors transfer and abating trade barriers;increasing technology input and improving the contribution rate of technologies;improving circulation channels and intensifying agricultural competitiveness.

  1. Marketing fundamentals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Redmond, W H

    2001-01-01

    This chapter outlines current marketing practice from a managerial perspective. The role of marketing within an organization is discussed in relation to efficiency and adaptation to changing environments. Fundamental terms and concepts are presented in an applied context. The implementation of marketing plans is organized around the four P's of marketing: product (or service), promotion (including advertising), place of delivery, and pricing. These are the tools with which marketers seek to better serve their clients and form the basis for competing with other organizations. Basic concepts of strategic relationship management are outlined. Lastly, alternate viewpoints on the role of advertising in healthcare markets are examined.

  2. Politisk marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Disciplinen politisk marketing er udbredt i mange vestlige lande. Imidlertid er kendskabet til politisk marketing i Danmark bemærkelsesværdigt lavt. I det lys er denne bog Politisk Marketing: Personer, Partier & Praksis den første bog i Danmark, som -ud fra marketing- indkredser de sidste mange års...... brudflader i dansk politik. Gennem ti bidrag fra forskere og praktikere udskraber forfatterne et DNA for feltet politisk marketing. Kort sagt kan du i denne bog finde svarene på: Hvad er politisk marketing? Hvordan har det udviklet sig? Og hvilke konsekvenser har dette fænomen for vælgere, partier og...

  3. 有机农产品特色营销系统构建研究——以蔡家洼基地为例%Construction of Characteristic Marketing System of Organic Agricultural Products-A Case of Caijia wa Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢婷

    2013-01-01

    At present,food safety and agricultural pollution arouse public attention.Developing organic agriculture,therefore,is a feasible approach to solve related problems.Caijia wa is a base of organic agricultural products of Miyun County in Beijing.Based on the experience of farm management of Taiwan,Caijiawa's characteristics were explored.Customer requests were collected and analyzed to find growth space of new market.To establish marketing system for Caijia wa Base,three questions should be settled at the very begining.The questions are as follows:Who are the customers to be confronted with? What's kind of product or service can we provide? What are the causes that customers willing to pay a product at higher price? On basis of experience in Taiwan and local characters,the marketing system in Caijia wa Base can be concluded,including segmentation of market,diversification of marketing channel,close contact with clients and flexibility of price system.The pattern of omni-directional,muti-level and wide-ranging cooperation has been improved continuously.Finally,marketing system could integrate with social responsibility and sustainable development.Some measures about the marketing system have been proposed,which are believed applicable to other bases of organic agriculture.%食品安全和农业污染问题已经引起公众关注,发展有机农业是解决上述问题的途径.蔡家洼是北京密云的有机农业基地.通过学习台湾农业管理经验和分析蔡家洼的自身特点,并收集了消费者需求,以期找到新的市场增长点.要建立蔡家洼的营销系统,先要解决3个问题:面向的顾客是谁,能够为顾客提供什么样的产品或服务,顾客愿意支付购买的逻辑是什么.然后将蔡家洼基地的营销系统总结为“四化”:产品市场细分化、渠道销售多样化、客户接触紧密化、价格体系弹性化,逐渐形成全方位、多层次、宽领域的合作格局,最终将营销系统与社会责

  4. The Economics of Agricultural and Wildlife Smuggling

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrier, Peyton Michael

    2009-01-01

    The United States bans imports of certain agricultural and wildlife goods that can carry pathogens or diseases or whose harvest can threaten wildlife stocks or endanger species. Despite these bans, contraband is regularly uncovered in inspections of cargo containers and in domestic markets. This study characterizes the economic factors affecting agricultural and wildlife smuggling by drawing on inspection and interdiction data from USDA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and existing econ...

  5. Market Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ There was no sign of recovery from the downturn of rare earth market.The overall rare earth market still presented slipping trend.There was no sufficient replenishment from NdFeB and phosphor producers.

  6. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Chinese stock market showed signs of recovery and the new stock investors have been rushing in. Many people withdrew their insurance to invest in the stock market, as insurance watchdog statistics showed. Meanwhile, the Chinese trade surplus grew to

  7. On the Influences of Extreme Climatic Events on Agricultural Products Market and Countermeasures%极端气候事件对农产品市场影响及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹元元

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, extreme weather events occur frequently in China, and agricultural products will rise accordingly, which has become difficult to solve. Extreme climate events not only affect the supply-demand relationship of agricultural products, but also exert important influence on the circulation of agricultural products, resulting in the abnormal fluctuations in the prices of agricultural products. And the existing regulation means not only exacerbate the contradiction between supply and demand of agricultural products, and also are difficult to coordinate the conflicts of interests in the field of circulation. So this paper puts forward that we should be well aware of the public welfare of agricultural products, increase government investment, transform and innovate the regulation ways so as to solve abnormal fluctuations caused by the extreme climate events.%近年来,我国极端气候事件的频频发生,农产品“逢灾必涨”已成为难以解决的顽疾。极端气候事件不仅影响农产品市场的供求关系,同时对农产品流通也产生了重要影响,由此引发了农产品价格的异常波动。可是现有的调控手段既加剧了农产品市场的供求矛盾,又难以协调流通领域的利益矛盾。因此要明确农产品市场的公益性,增加政府投入;转变调控方式,创新政策支持手段,以解决极端气候事件等外因诱发的市场异常波动。

  8. China agricultural outlook for 2015-2024 based on China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-wei; LI Gan-qiong; LI Zhe-min

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of Chinese agricultural development is to guarantee national food security and supply of major agricultural products. Hence, the scientiifc work on agricultural monitoring and early warning as wel as agricultural outlook must be strengthened. In this study, we develop the China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES) on the basis of a comparative study of domestic and international agricultural outlook models. The system is a dynamic and multi-market partial equilibrium model that integrates biological mechanisms with economic mechanisms. This system, which includes 11 categories of 953 kinds of agricultural products, could dynamical y project agricultural market supply and demand, assess food security, and conduct scenario analysis at different spatial levels, time scale levels, and macro-micro levels. Based on the CAMES, the production, consumption, and trade of the major agricultural products in China over the next decade are projected. The fol owing conclusions are drawn:i) The production of major agricultural products wil continue to grow steadily, mainly because of the increase in yield. i ) The growth of agricultural consumption wil be slightly higher than that of agricultural production. Meanwhile, a high self-sufifciency rate is expected for cereals such as rice, wheat, and maize, with the rate being stable at around 97%. i i) Agricultural trade wil continue to thrive. The growth of soybean and milk im-ports wil slow down, but the growth of traditional agricultural exports such as vegetables and fruits is expected to continue.

  9. China agricultural outlook for 2015-2024 based on China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-wei[1,2,3; LI Gan-qiong[1,2,3; LI Zhe-min[1,2,3

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of Chinese agricultural development is to guarantee national food security and supply of major agricultural products. Hence, the scientific work on agricultural monitoring and early warning as well as agricultural outlook must be strengthened. In this study, we develop the China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES) on the basis of a comparative study of domestic and international agricultural outlook models. The system is a dynamic and multi-market partial equilibrium model that integrates biological mechanisms with economic mechanisms. This system, which includes 11 categories of 953 kinds of agricultural products, could dynamically project agricultural market supply and demand, assess food security, and conduct scenario analysis at different spatial levels, time scale levels, and macro-micro levels. Based on the CAMES, the production, consumption, and trade of the major agricultural products in China over the next decade are projected. The following conclusions are drawn: i) The production of major agricultural products will continue to grow steadily, mainly because of the increase in yield, ii) The growth of agricultural consumption will be slightly higher than that of agricultural production. Meanwhile, a high self-sufficiency rate is expected for cereals such as rice, wheat, and maize, with the rate being stable at around 97%. iii) Agricultural trade will continue to thrive. The growth of soybean and milk im- ports will slow down, but the growth of traditional agricultural exports such as vegetables and fruits is expected to continue.

  10. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  11. Tendencies in financing the agricultural and food sector under the common agricultural policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Brzozowska

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Poland, having joined the EU, became subject to regulations that significantly changed the conditions under which its food industry functioned. As markets opened up to each other, the possibilities of sale increased and competitiveness of economic entities improved. Mobilised public funds contributed, among other things, to modernisation of agricultural holdings and food industry enterprises, improvement of their competitiveness, construction of the infrastructure and multifunctional development of rural areas. The paper discusses tendencies in financing agriculture under the Common Agricultural Policy in Poland against the production and economic situation of the agricultural and food sector.

  12. Postmoderne marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Urquizu, Alvaro

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This thesis will challenge the traditional marketing perspective by adding a post-modern approach to marketing. Secondary an analysis of the post-modern consumer as well as the importance of neo tribalism in marketing will be described. Additionally the necessity of including countercultural segments and the importance of countercultures will be argued. Finally this thesis will examine which marketing method is the most useful when working with countercultures.

  13. RELIGIOUS MARKETING

    OpenAIRE

    Ariadna-Ioana JURAVLE (GAVRA); Constantin SASU; Geanina Constanța SPĂTARU (PRAVĂȚ)

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to establish the conceptual delimitation of the term religious marketing. The term religious marketing has caused controversy. There are two currents: that of the theologians, on one hand and that of the marketers, on the other hand. The representatives of each current have their own view regarding the implementation of marketing into the religious sphere. The article concludes with the necessity to adapt the churches’ activities and the ways they must be presente...

  14. Viral marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Král, Jiří

    2015-01-01

    Bachelor's Thesis deals with effective promotional tools called viral marketing. The main contribution of the thesis is the definition and history of viral marketing, making analysis of process of viral marketing, progresses definition and rules for creating a viral campaign. And also aspects are necessary for a successful viral spread. There are analysis of the characteristics of social media which are dividing according to the orientation and marketing tactics. Thesis is especially about so...

  15. Marketing mix

    OpenAIRE

    Fatrdlová, Adéla

    2016-01-01

    Bachelor thesis is focused on the evaluation of the marketing mix for company HET, analyzing every individual instruments and the subsequently for the improvements. This thesis is composed of two parts,literature reviewed and with personal advice for solution, which falls under subchapter suggestions and recommendations. The first part of thesis are basic concepts associated, included with marketing and marketing mix with a focus on four basic marketing tools. The second part describes the co...

  16. Marketing mix

    OpenAIRE

    Dvořák, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The subject of this thesis, with the official name Marketing mix, is to analyse the actual and future marketing mix in selected company, propose for its improvements and strategy for re-launching traditional footwear company and their products on the Czech market. The theoretical section focuses on the basic concepts of marketing, its history, actual trends and its principles. The theoretical findings are used in the following practical part. The practical section describes the curre...

  17. Marketing automation

    OpenAIRE

    Raluca Dania TODOR

    2017-01-01

    The automation of the marketing process seems to be nowadays, the only solution to face the major changes brought by the fast evolution of technology and the continuous increase in supply and demand. In order to achieve the desired marketing results, businessis have to employ digital marketing and communication services. These services are efficient and measurable thanks to the marketing technology used to track, score and implement each campaign. Due to the...

  18. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The hottest financial market topic of the moment could be the subprime loan crisis in the United States. The crisis has stormed the U.S. stock market, dragging it to its biggest falls in a single trading day. Other markets, such as Japan’s, were also vul

  19. Shopper marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Klímová, Nikola

    2013-01-01

    The "Shopper marketing" thesis measures and evaluates the effectiveness of shopper marketing activities during the Sochi 2014 Olympic Games. This thesis includes empirical research conducted in an FMCG environment. The research implemented in this work investigates the shopper marketing practises and their effectiveness in selected Czech stores. The conclusions and recommendations within this diploma thesis are based on the analysis of research results.

  20. Stock Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亚玲

    2005-01-01

    There are stock markets in large cities in many countries. Stock markets in Paris, London, Tokyo, Shanghai and New York are among the largest and most well-known. The stock market, also called stock exchange, is a place where people can buy or sell shares of a factory or company. And each share means certain ownership of a factory or company.

  1. Viral marketing

    OpenAIRE

    BLÁHOVÁ, Adéla

    2012-01-01

    The aim of my thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of the viral marketing and to analyze selected viral campaigns. There is a description of advantages and disadvantages of this marketing tool. In the end I suggest for which companies viral marketing is an appropriate form of the promotion.

  2. Marketing 101.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Karla A.

    1997-01-01

    A marketing model for camps includes a mix of services, presentation, and communication elements that promote the virtues of camp, convince potential campers and their families of the benefits of camp, and successfully distinguish the camp from others. Includes resources related to marketing strategies, theme merchandise, and market trends…

  3. BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE - ECO-FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselka Vlahova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodynamic agriculture is undoubtedly the oldest organized agricultural movement in the world. It is considered as an organic agricultural farming approach and determined as the oldest organized alternative agricultural movement in the world. In 1924 Rudolf Steiner – an Austrian natural scientist and philosopher, carried out a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz, currently Kobierzyce- Poland, where he formulated his visions on changes in agriculture and revealed his spiritual and scientific concepts about the connection between nature and agriculture by determining the important role of agriculture for the future of humanity and thus he became known as “the father of anthroposophy”. The great ecological effect of the application of the biodynamic agriculture is expressed in soil preservation and preservation of the living organisms in the soil, as well as maintenance of the natural balance in the vegetable and animal kingdom.

  4. Marketing maloobchodu

    OpenAIRE

    Demuth, Jan

    2012-01-01

    This thesis is about the situation of retail marketing in Czech republic, with a special focus on in-store marketing instruments and activities. The goal of this work is to evaluate the application of these marketing instruments in a specific retail store. This chosen store is supermarket Billa. The first part of the thesis is offering theoretical base for in-store marketing activities and also presents the history of retail marketing in Czech republic. The second part is focusing on the situ...

  5. Construction and Evaluation on Customer Satisfaction Model for Yunnan Feature Agricultural Products Arabica Coffee on Network Marketing%云南特色农产品小粒咖啡网络营销顾客满意度模型构建与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文兰; 赵璟

    2014-01-01

    发展特色农产品网络营销是实现我国传统农业向现代农业转型和推动区域经济发展的创新途径。在激烈的市场竞争中,顾客满意度已成为衡量特色农产品网络经营者成功的关键因素。云南小粒咖啡在全国特色农产品资源中独树一帜,通过对小粒咖啡网络营销的实际调查分析,构建了一个适用于小粒咖啡网络营销的顾客满意度测评模型,并通过实证分析验证了模型的可行性。%Developing of feature agricultural products on network marketing is the innovation way of transformation of China′s traditional agriculture to modern agriculture and promot the development of regional economy.In the fierce competition ,customer satisfaction has become the key factor to measure the success of web businessmen.What′s more,arabica coffee of Yunnan has become an independent school among other coffee in China,through analyzing the present situation of it on network marketing ,this paper constructed forward a new evaluation model of customer satisfaction suitable for it,and the feasibility of the model had been verified through empirical analysis.

  6. 75 FR 24969 - China's Agricultural Trade: Competitive Conditions and Effects on U.S. Exports

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-06

    ... direct investment policies, and pricing and marketing regimes; (3) An overview of China's participation in global agricultural export markets, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region and in those...

  7. Researches and Empirical Analysis on Market-oriented Agricultural Website Evaluation System---Based on AHP Method%以网络营销为导向的农业网站评价体系研究及实证分析--基于AHP层次分析法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慧

    2014-01-01

    The current situation and existing problems of agricultural websites are analysed , and the market -oriented evaluation system is built up based on AHP method .Hnwon, agro-business network , Alibaba agricultural sites are selected as samples to do empirical researches to transform agricultural websites from the traditional publishing platform to the e-commerce platform.%本文在分析目前国内农业网站发展现状及存在问题的基础上,利用AHP层次分析法构建了以网络营销为导向的农业网站评价体系,并选取汇农网、诚信农商网、阿里巴巴农业网站为样本进行实证研究,为促进我国农业网站从传统的信息发布平台转向具有电子商务功能的农产品交易平台,给出科学合理的评价方法。

  8. THE IMPACTS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS MARKET-BASED ON FARMER'S LAND OUTWARD TRANSFERRING——PEASANT HOUSEHOLD SURVEY IN JIANGXI PROVINCE AS AN EXAMPLE%农产品市场化对农户土地流入行为的影响研究——以江西省农户调查为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖芳文; 杨国强; 郭锦墉

    2016-01-01

    With the prosperity and development of China's market economy, agricultural products market-based degree was continuously improved. Land resources as the most important material base of agricultural production, were gamed by the agricultural operators around external profits in the environmental constrains. To choose a more benefit land management becomes a key driving force of land circulation. This paper analyzed the impact of agricul-tural products market-based on farmer's land outward transferring using Hecckman two-stage model and 834 sam-ple data from Jiangxi Province. The results showed that agricultural products market-based had great influence on farmland inflow, such as the distance of the farmers market, the proportion of sales of agricultural products. In addi-tion, the factors such as percentage of farming time, land fragmentation, along with peasant household's age and gender, years of education and farming, and the number of relatives as village cadres within five years, members of rural cooperatives had different impacts on farmer's land area outward transferring. Finally, the paper made some policy recommendations such as speeding up the transformation from farmers market to the supermarket to perfect circulation patterns of agricultural products; establishing and developing a social security system to replace social security functions of land;vigorously developing the rural education to improve farmers' cultural quality and level of education;and encouraging farmers to set up land shares type agricultural cooperatives on a voluntary basis,guiding farmers to develop cooperation transforming from traditional production and marketing cooperation to the new proper-ty cooperation.%随着中国市场经济的繁荣发展,农产品市场化程度不断提高,土地资源作为农业生产最重要的物质基础,农业经营者在一定的制度环境约束下将土地围绕外部利润进行博弈,选择更加有利的土地经营方式,成为土地流

  9. 7 CFR 205.308 - Agricultural products in other than packaged form at the point of retail sale that are sold...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Labels, Labeling, and Market... sold, labeled, or represented as “100 percent organic” or “organic.” (a) Agricultural products in...

  10. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  11. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  12. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  13. 7 CFR 1220.115 - Net market price.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.115 Net market price. The term... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Net market price. 1220.115 Section...

  14. 7 CFR 1221.16 - Net market price.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.16 Net market price... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Net market price. 1221.16 Section 1221.16...

  15. Collective farmers marketing inititatives, Diversity, Contextuality and Dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renting, H.; Schermer, M.; Oostindië, H.A.

    2011-01-01

    Collective action by farmers has played an important role in the history of European agriculture. During the twentieth century, the foundation of agricultural marketing co-operatives contributed in many countries to better market access, increased farm incomes and rural employment. However, European

  16. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ON MARKET POTENTIAL OF ETHIOPIAN RURAL MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiferaw-Mitiku T.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ethiopia has taken great strides to reduce poverty and increase the welfare of its largely rural, agricultural-based population. Ethiopia, a country with rural based economy mainly from Agriculture sector which contributed with the range of 42.5 percent to 67.25 percent of the GDP for the past two decades (1990-2012. Similarly, the percentage of Rural population against the total population of the country accounts a larger coverage; with 87.38 percent for the year 1990, 85.26percent during 2000 and 82.46 percent for the year 2013. There is a steadfast growth in the total rural population from 41 million in 1990 and reached to 77.59 million in 2013 with average annual percentage growth rate of 2.8 for the past twenty three years. Very importantly, the major exportable products of the country is generated from the marketing of Agricultural produce such as coffee, khat, live animals, oilseeds, flowers, sesame, and also leather products. Above all, the consumption pattern and preference of rural consumer is changing due to the dynamic nature of marketing. However, marketers are failing to reach this largest target market of the population. This is mainly because, marketers are focusing on designing a product for urban market and when it becomes obsolete, it moves to the rural market. Indeed, it is unethical to override the marketing preference of the rural consumer. Recognizing the marketing requirements of the majority of the population would helps to bring a vibrant economic impact in the development of the nation. The present paper highlighted the major challenges and opportunities of Rural Marketing in Ethiopia, identified ways to explore the untapped Ethiopian Rural Market and identified possible recommendations and policy implications that would help to bring an improved development in the rural Ethiopia. Accordingly, the present article seeks the attention of Policy makers, Investors, Higher education curriculum developers and marketers to

  17. EXPERT SYSTEMS - DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE TOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NAN Anca-Petruţa

    2013-07-01

    attempt to present the necessity and importance of implementing expert systems in agricultural insurance as a solution of development of the Romanian agricultural sector since insurance play an important role in the stimulation of investments in agriculture and in the stabilization of agricultural producers incomes. The results of the study, at a conceptual level, confirms the necessity of aplying expert systems in agricultural insurance because of the benefits which would be created (informing agricultural producers about the existence and importance of agricultural insurance, the development of the insurance market which would lead to the development of agriculture, creation of new insurance products adapted to the needs of the farmers.

  18. Price transmission for agricultural commodities in Uganda: An empirical vector autoregressive analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen Kaspersen, Line; Føyn, Tullik Helene Ystanes

    This paper investigates price transmission for agricultural commodities between world markets and the Ugandan market in an attempt to determine the impact of world market prices on the Ugandan market. Based on the realization that price formation is not a static concept, a dynamic vector...

  19. Integration of agricultural and energy system models for biofuel assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    This paper presents a coupled modeling framework to capture the dynamic linkages between agricultural and energy markets that have been enhanced through the expansion of biofuel production, as well as the environmental impacts resulting from this expansion. The framework incorpor...

  20. Social Marketing in Marketing Health

    OpenAIRE

    Janet, Evgen; Zaletel Kragelj, Lijana

    2008-01-01

    Health communication is one of key approaches in health promotion. In last decade more and more techniques used by commercial marketers are used, termed in this context »social marketing«. It became integrative and inclusive discipline that uses a wide range of social sciences and social policy approaches as well as marketing. Like commercial marketing, social marketing is also focused on the consumer, and similarly, it is the knowledge on what people want and need and how to persuade them to...

  1. 7 CFR 1230.14 - Market value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions § 1230.14 Market value. Market value means, with respect to porcine animals which are sold, the price at which they...

  2. 7 CFR 1205.315 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COTTON RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Cotton Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.315 Marketing. Marketing includes the sale of cotton or the pledging of cotton to the Commodity Credit Corporation as collateral for a price support loan....

  3. How "Animal Spirits" Wrecked the Housing Market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akerlof, George A.; Shiller, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    Real-estate markets are almost as volatile as stock markets. Prices of agricultural land, of commercial real estate, and of homes and condominiums have gone through a series of huge bubbles, as if people never learned from the previous ones. Such events--in particular the recent housing bubble--are driven by what John Maynard Keynes called animal…

  4. Analysis of Marketing Margins in Eco-Labeled Products

    OpenAIRE

    Carambas, Maria Cristina D.M.

    2005-01-01

    This article aims to explain the marketing margins in the eco-labeled products market in Thailand and the Philippines. It focuses on labeled organic agricultural commodities that are commonly exported especially in Europe, which has demand for this type of products. Understanding the interplay of economic variables influencing marketing margins in the eco-labeled market as compared to its conventional counterpart is relevant in understanding how this growing niche market works. The analytical...

  5. Technological Innovation of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises from the Perspective of Modern Marketing——A Case of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Hubei Province,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The science and technology development of agricultural products processing enterprises in Hubei Province is analyzed.From the perspective of modern marketing,problems in the research and development work of agricultural products processing enterprises are analyzed from the aspects of market,personal training and technology radiation,which are mainly the lack of close connection with market.Countermeasures for the technological innovation of agricultural products processing enterprises are put forward,such as establishing modern enterprise culture with innovative features,strengthening the market benefits of brand,constructing a comprehensive customer orientation information platform,scientifically predicting and developing the market,doing well in market positioning of enterprise,selecting corresponding technology innovation strategy,taking technological innovation strategy as the basis,realizing the transformation from "4P" marketing combination to "4C",cultivating technical personnel,and realizing the integration of professional skill and marketing ability.

  6. 77 FR 36119 - Pistachios Grown in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 983

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... ] provide an additional tool to aid in the marketing of pistachios covered under the order. In the event the... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 983 Pistachios Grown in California, Arizona, and New Mexico; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 983 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule....

  7. 78 FR 23883 - Marketing Orders for Fruit Crops; Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... selection process for industry members to serve on a marketing order's committee or board and ballots used...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Marketing Orders for Fruit Crops; Notice of Request... Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the...

  8. 76 FR 69678 - Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... respond to changes in the production and marketing environment in a timely manner. As production and... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 987 Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Proposed Amendments to Marketing Order 987 and Referendum Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing...

  9. 75 FR 60713 - Farmers' Market Promotion Program: Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Farmers' Market Promotion Program: Notice of Request for Extension and Revision of a Currently Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION... Promotion Program (FMPP) was created through an amendment of the Farmer-to-Consumer Direct Marketing Act...

  10. 77 FR 37762 - Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Order Amending Marketing Order 987

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... its programs, including marketing and promotion, which are intended to benefit all producers and... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 987 Domestic Dates Produced or Packed in Riverside County, CA; Order Amending Marketing Order 987 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule....

  11. Marketization Revisited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle; Lindholst, Andrej Christian

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this introduction article to the IJPSM special issue on marketization is to clarify the conceptual foundations of marketization as a phenomenon within the public sector and to gauge current marketization trends on the basis of the seven articles in the special issue. Design....../methodology/approach: Conceptual clarification and cross-cutting review of seven articles analysing marketization in six countries in three policy areas at the level of local government. Findings: Four ideal-type models are deduced: Quasi-markets, involving both provider competition and free choice for users; Classic contracting...... out; Benchmarking and yardstick competition; and Public-Private collaboration. On the basis of the review of the seven articles, it is found that all elements in all marketization models are firmly embedded but also under dynamic change within public service delivery systems. The review also...

  12. Marketing automation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TODOR Raluca Dania

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The automation of the marketing process seems to be nowadays, the only solution to face the major changes brought by the fast evolution of technology and the continuous increase in supply and demand. In order to achieve the desired marketing results, businessis have to employ digital marketing and communication services. These services are efficient and measurable thanks to the marketing technology used to track, score and implement each campaign. Due to the technical progress, the marketing fragmentation, demand for customized products and services on one side and the need to achieve constructive dialogue with the customers, immediate and flexible response and the necessity to measure the investments and the results on the other side, the classical marketing approached had changed continue to improve substantially.

  13. Priority Directions of Improving the State Regulation of Agriculture Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Konstantinovna Sanakoeva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article reviews primary directions for economical regulation of agriculture, for solving problems of insufficient funds of agricultural enterprises. Goals for development of agricultural economics growth and competitive abilities are determined, economical measures for governmental support are described as functions of system for development of agricultural market. The authors reveal the problems of innovational and optimizational model for development of agriculture, and system of state regulative and supportive measures for implementing the innovational model of development by consolidation of self-development mechanisms within revealing of inner economical reserves and activisation of “growth points” for resource potential. The mutual system dependence for mechanisms of taxes and subsidiaries and their influence on budget and socio-economical externalities are analyzed. It is substantiated that the state regulation of agricultural markets must take into account low incomes of small agricultural business, not allowing to accumulate necessary funds for starting cooperation. Due to that, the article specially reviews issues of loan availableness for small agricultural enterprises, including private farmings, peasant farms and cooperatives created by them, and, for this goal, the issues of marketing effectiveness for production of such small forms of agriculture are further reviewed. As a result of research, the authors discovered the necessity for government support of socially important businesses in agriculture, which are not of high profitability and, due to that, are not attractive for investors, but are necessary for saving the traditional rural lifestyle and maintaining important social functions for sustainable development.

  14. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TO THE POINT:The country was faced with heavy inflationary pressure as the CPI and PPI numbers both continued to run at a high growth rate.The government decided to enforce a tightened monetary policy and stock investors rushed to pull money out of the stock market and stash it in the banks.To save the stumbling stock market,QFIIs were allowed to triple their investments in China’s financial markets.

  15. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    TO THE POINT:China’s financial markets remained stable in 2007, the central bank said,but the stock market stumbled on the heels of international market fluctuations.Food supplies were in short- age as the blizzard in southern provinces blocked transportation and destroyed farm produce.China Minmetals moved abroad to Canada for gold and copper,while the South Korean Lotte Shopping looked to China for the supermarket boom.

  16. Event marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Novotná, Michaela

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to analyze event-marketing activities of the small firm and propose new events. At first the theoretical part describes marketing and communication mix and then especially planning and development of event marketing campaign. Research data were collected by the method of survey to propose the new events. Randomly selected customers were asked to fill the questionnaire. Its results were integrated into the proposal of the new events. The interview was realized with the owner of...

  17. Market Definition

    OpenAIRE

    Kaplow, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Market definition has long held a central place in competition law. This entry surveys recent analytical work that has called the market definition paradigm into question on a number of fronts: whether the process is feasible, whether market share threshold tests are coherent, whether the hypothetical monopolist test in merger guidelines is counterproductive, and whether and when the frequent focus on cross-elasticities is useful.

  18. Trade marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Khodl, Vojtěch

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to define the term "trade marketing" and evaluate its role within the Coca-Cola Hellenic Bottling Company. With the use of internal resources and relevant literature, I will describe the use of trade marketing from both theoretical and practical point of view. I will also introduce the Coca-Cola HBC and its position on the carbonated soft drinks market in the Czech republic.

  19. Content Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    LE, DUC

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to introduce the new trend in today’s marketing world: content marketing. It has been employed by many companies and organizations in the world and has been proven success even when it is still a fairly new topic. Five carefully selected theories of content marketing proposed by experts in the field has been collected, compared and displayed as originally and scientifically as possible in this thesis. The chosen theories provide a diversified perspectives of...

  20. Online marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Zrůst, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to evaluate pay per click marketing as suitable marketing tool for promotion and distribution of a given product. The paper describes basic vocabulary related to PPC advertising, common metrics, tools used by online marketers, and logic of running PPC campaigns. The paper also tries to quantify impact of Internet on economies. The second part applies the theory to analysis of consumers' conversion path while searching online in common search engines where PPC marketi...