WorldWideScience

Sample records for agricultural markets

  1. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  2. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced around the world are carried out through civil organizations. Furthermore; some of these initiatives have also launched by farmers, consumers, food processors and retailers. The long-term strategies to increase these initiatives should be determined due to the fact that examples of successful sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives are inadequate and cannot be spread in Turkey. In this context, first of all, the supports provided by the government to improve agricultural marketing systems, such as EU funds for rural development should be compatible with the goals of sustainable marketing. For this purpose, it should be examined whether all proposed projects related to agricultural marketing meet the social, economic, and environmental principles of sustainable marketing. It is important that supporting organizations, especially civil society organisations, should take an active role for faster dissemination and adoption of sustainable agricultural marketing practices in Turkey. These organizations may provide technical assistance in preparing successful project proposals and training to farm groups. In addition, the other organizations, such as local administrations, producers' associations, cooperatives, can contribute to the success of sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives. The use of direct marketing strategies and vertical integration attempts in sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives that will likely be implemented in Turkey is

  3. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally competitive production system in terms of cost and quality. Cooperatives seem to be well positioned to coordinate product differentiation at the farm level and to integrate forward into value added processing activities.. Indian agriculture can be balanced and made efficient through proper and better management practices. The present study brings out past and present scenario of agricultural marketing prevailing in India, its challenges and future recommendations. Moreover the opportunities provide by agricultural marketing should be tapped effectively by the marketers.

  4. Introduction to Agricultural Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Futrell, Gene; And Others

    This marketing unit focuses on the importance of forecasting in order for a farm family to develop marketing plans. It describes sources of information and includes a glossary of marketing terms and exercises using both fundamental and technical methods to predict prices in order to improve forecasting ability. The unit is organized in the…

  5. Agricultural marketing in Belgium and The Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    M.T.G. Meulenberg; Viaene, J.

    1993-01-01

    Agriculture in Belgium and the Netherlands has a strong export tradition and has been market oriented for a long time. In this article agricultural markeling in Belgium and the Netherlands is analyzed on the basis of the concepts structure, conduct and performance. In our review of market structure attention is paid to the structure of agriculture, the food consumer, food retailing, government policies, competition and marketing channels. Afterwards market conduct with respect to product, pri...

  6. THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES IN MARKETING WHEAT

    OpenAIRE

    Jirik, Mark A.; Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L.; Jackson, Thomas E.; Martines-Filho, Joao Gomes

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of agricultural market advisory services in marketing wheat. Two key performance questions are addressed: 1) Do market advisory services, on average, outperform an appropriate wheat market benchmark? and 2) Do market advisory services exhibit persistence in their wheat performance from year-to-year? Market advisory service recommendations for wheat are available from the AgMAS Project for the 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998 marketing years...

  7. Institutional Factors Affecting Agricultural Land Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Ciaian, Pavel; Kancs, D'Artis; Swinnen, Johan F.M.; Van Herck, Kristine; Vranken, Liesbet

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the main institutional factors affecting the rental and sales markets for agricultural land. Particular attention is paid to the effects of the common agricultural policy on land markets, and more specifically the underlying mechanism through which agricultural subsidies are capitalised into land values and farmland rents. This paper also provides a broad overview of the empirical studies that estimate the impact of agricultural support policies on land rents and land pric...

  8. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman; M. SELVARAJ; M. Syed Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally...

  9. Agricultural marketing in Belgium and The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meulenberg, M.T.G.; Viaene, J.

    1993-01-01

    Agriculture in Belgium and the Netherlands has a strong export tradition and has been market oriented for a long time. In this article agricultural markeling in Belgium and the Netherlands is analyzed on the basis of the concepts structure, conduct and performance. In our review of market structure

  10. Marketing issues in organic agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Santucci, Fabio M.

    2011-01-01

    The presentation deals with marketing channels and points of consumption, with data about Italy and Europe, to stimulate the debate about which marketing strategies could be more appropriate in a given environment.

  11. AGRICULTURAL DIRECT MARKETING AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    RADULY ISTVAN; PARTENIE DUMBRAVA

    2009-01-01

    AAgricultural direct marketing implies the selling of agricultural, mainly horticultural products directly to the public either through on-farm markets (farm-shops), community-based farmers’ markets, or post, electronic mail and internet web order. These types of distribution channels can supply customers with fresh, ripen and healthy produce without the physical and social costs of transportation. In our view direct marketing alone is not competitive enough, as it should combine innovation w...

  12. Marketing margins and agricultural technology in Mozambique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman;

    2000-01-01

    Improvements in agricultural productivity and reductions in marketing costs in Mozambique are analysed using a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model. The model incorporates detailed marketing margins and separates household demand for marketed and home-produced goods. Individual simulations...... of improved agricultural technology and lower marketing margins yield welfare gains across the economy. In addition, a combined scenario reveals significant synergy effects, as gains exceed the sum of gains from the individual scenarios. Relative welfare improvements are higher for poor rural households......, while factor returns increase in roughly equal proportions, an attractive feature when assessing the political feasibility of policy initiatives...

  13. Asymmetry in price transmission in agricultural markets

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the asymmetries in price transmission from international to local markets. We expect the presence of large intermediaries in agricultural markets to lead to a stronger price transmission when international prices decline than when they rise. The empirical evidence confirms the presence of asymmetric price transmission consistent with the presence of large intermediaries with monopsony power.

  14. Multifractal analysis of the Korean agricultural market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hongseok; Oh, Gabjin; Kim, Seunghwan

    2011-11-01

    We have studied the long-term memory effects of the Korean agricultural market using the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) method. In general, the return time series of various financial data, including stock indices, foreign exchange rates, and commodity prices, are uncorrelated in time, while the volatility time series are strongly correlated. However, we found that the return time series of Korean agricultural commodity prices are anti-correlated in time, while the volatility time series are correlated. The n-point correlations of time series were also examined, and it was found that a multifractal structure exists in Korean agricultural market prices.

  15. Market Innovations and Knowledge Transfer in the Agricultural Food Market

    OpenAIRE

    Hoven, Marit

    2006-01-01

    Food markets change with increasing wealth and the globalization of the economy. WTO and EU are challenging countries to enhance lower level of national protection and regulation of markets, including the markets for agricultural foods. Thus, the producers of food are continuously exposed for competition. As an answer to this food producers in Norway have looked for different possibilities to keep up the level of production and profitability. To some degree producers have adapted to new marke...

  16. Agricultural Technology and Marketing Margins in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Tarp; Tarp, Finn

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyses the potential distributional impact and synergy effects from simultaneous improvements in agricultural sector productivity and reductions in trade and transportation margins. Two separate models are established to analyse (i) the interaction between agricultural technology and aggregate marketing margins in a Vietnamese context, and (ii) the relative importance of trade margins and transportation margins in explaining the importance of aggregate margins. The results show t...

  17. Strategic Marketing Decisions for Organic Agricultural Producers

    OpenAIRE

    Phillips, Jon C.; Peterson, H. Christopher

    2007-01-01

    A group of organic agricultural producers facing a strategic decision is featured. If they decide to form an organization to market their produce jointly, they will have to select a distribution channel. This case presents the demand conditions, requirements, advantages, and disadvantages of different distribution channels for organic vegetables, both on a general level and as they relate to this particular group. The following channels are addressed: roadside stands, farmers' markets, distri...

  18. Political Market for Agricultural Protection, The

    OpenAIRE

    Fulginiti, Lilyan E.

    1992-01-01

    Why do poor countries tax agriculture more than other sectors, whereas rich countries subsidize farmers? Using the neoclassical economic theory of the political market for Distortionary policies, an explanation is sought by examining changes to factors affecting the supply and demand curves in that political market. The aggregate effect of these changes is a shift in both the demand curves and the supply curve to the right as industrialization proceeds.

  19. New areas in agricultural and food marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Harmsen, Hanne; Larsen, Hanne Hartvig;

    1997-01-01

    of the laws of economics that growth in markets for food products, if any, is not in terms of quantity, but in terms of value. - Most industrialised economies are characterised by an oversupply of agricultural products. - A global tendency towards deregulation, decrease of government subsidies to producers...

  20. The Network Marketing of Fresh Agricultural Products in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The paper introduced the connotation of network marketing of fresh agricultural products and analyzed the fundaments of launching the C2C marketing of fresh agricultural products in China.The fundaments mainly cover the development of e-commerce,the transformation of consumption concept,the change of life style and the features of Chinese agricultural production.The developmental status of the C2C marketing of Chinese fresh vegetables and fresh fruits is introduced and the plights,including imperfect rural network infrastructure,inadequate talents specialized in network marketing of fresh agricultural products,uneven quality of agricultural products,immature logistics system,uncertainty existed in faced by the C2C marketing of fresh agricultural products and imperfect governmental protection system,are pointed out.In the end,the developmental trend of Chinese network marketing of fresh agricultural products on the basis of C2C mode is described.

  1. Practical Significance of Basin Water Market Construction on Agricultural Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the concept of water market and the water market research in cluding both domestic market and foreign market,the system design features of water market are analyzed.The features include the prior distribution of agricultural water right,the close construction of market structure,reasonable price of water obtaining right and water pollution-discharge right and scientific stipulation of total volume of water use and total volume of pollution drainage.The practical significances of basin water market construction on Chinese agricultural production are revealed,which clover safeguarding the safety of agricultural water;effectively alleviating agricultural drought;saving the agricultural production water and improving the quality of agricultural products.

  2. Correlation Analysis between Rural Tourism and Agricultural Food Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Song

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism has much economic benefits, the development of rural tourism can fully utilize rural natural resources, optimizing the agricultural structure and expanding agricultural function. In this study, we make correlation analysis between rural tourism and agricultural food marketing by using time series model. The result shows that: First, rural tourism development will promote the agricultural food marketing in short time, but this effect will reduce gradually in the long time. Second, rural tourism is the granger reason to agricultural food marketing and there exist a long-term equilibrium relationship between them. From the VAR model, we can get that rural tourism will promote agricultural food marketing growth. LnRT at lag 1 period increased 1% can drive LnFPI growth by 0.48%; LnRT at lag 2 period increased 1% can drive LnFPI growth by 0.2%, so the effect of rural tourism on agricultural food marketing is obvious.

  3. Correlation Analysis between Rural Tourism and Agricultural Food Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Hui Song

    2015-01-01

    Rural tourism has much economic benefits, the development of rural tourism can fully utilize rural natural resources, optimizing the agricultural structure and expanding agricultural function. In this study, we make correlation analysis between rural tourism and agricultural food marketing by using time series model. The result shows that: First, rural tourism development will promote the agricultural food marketing in short time, but this effect will reduce gradually in the long time. Second...

  4. INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL MARKET FORMATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Revenko

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article considers institutional aspects of the organized agricultural market formation process. Theoretical base to distinguish institute and institutes is given. In order to find out main influential institutes of the “organization” phenomenon author analyses Ukrainian institutional environment that is under construction process. Author considers main processes which are running during the organized market formation. Author researches theoretical approaches to the institutional staff. In order to structure the most common approaches and theoretical knowledge of this problem author proposes few schemes. Author’s points of view for many questions of the organized market formation process are proposed. Researcher analyzes effectiveness of the institutes and governmental regulation of the agricultural market. Readers can find strategically new approach to the agricultural market formation policy from the governmental point of view. Essence of the socioeconomic formation of agricultural market is considered. Main factors of agriculture market formation are outlined. Agricultural market structural parts consideration systematic approach is proposed. Ineffectiveness of the agriculture market relations without regulation process is proved. The most unfavorable reasons of the agricultural market formation are determined.

  5. Export Market Development for Agricultural Commodity Promotion Programs

    OpenAIRE

    Spatz, Karen J.

    1989-01-01

    Export market development activities are an integral part of today's agricultural marketing due to increasing competition worldwide. Marketing activities include promotion, advertising, and research financed by private and government-supported commodity groups. Cooperatives and private industry primarily market brand products but they also support generic promotion through legislated commodity programs. Federal and State agricultural commodity promotion programs are supported by growers and/o...

  6. Mathematical Modeling and Analysis of Classified Marketing of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fengying; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Classified marketing of agricultural products was analyzed using the Logistic Regression Model. This method can take full advantage of information in agricultural product database,to find factors influencing best selling degree of agricultural products,and make quantitative analysis accordingly. Using this model,it is also able to predict sales of agricultural products,and provide reference for mapping out individualized sales strategy for popularizing agricultural products.

  7. Risks and challenges in Agricultural Marketing in India

    OpenAIRE

    Bhatia, Dipti Kiran

    2010-01-01

    Rural India is the stronghold of the Indian economy which generates more than half of the national income. According to National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER), about 74% of Indian population living in the villages that makes India a largest potential rural marketing in the world. Agricultural marketing is a process that starts with a decision to produce a marketable farm product and involves all aspects of market structure or system. The marketing process is full of challenges ...

  8. SOME CURRENT ISSUES IN THE MARKETING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    Richardson, Bob

    1986-01-01

    The subject of 'marketing' as a field of agricultural policy and applied research is discussed in this paper. Agribusiness approaches to marketing advanced in recent years are argued to have made little contribution to policy or research and are rejected in favour of the more traditional framework of applied economic analysis. Developments in government policy on national statutory marketing authorities for agricultural products are appraised along with some evidence on the allocation of rese...

  9. Multifractal Detrended Cross-Correlation Analysis of agricultural futures markets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He Lingyun, E-mail: lyhe@amss.ac.cn [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China); Chen Shupeng [Center for Futures and Financial Derivatives, College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2011-06-15

    Highlights: > We investigated cross-correlations between China's and US agricultural futures markets. > Power-law cross-correlations are found between the geographically far but correlated markets. > Multifractal features are significant in all the markets. > Cross-correlation exponent is less than averaged GHE when q < 0 and greater than the latter when q > 0. - Abstract: We investigated geographically far but temporally correlated China's and US agricultural futures markets. We found that there exists a power-law cross-correlation between them, and that multifractal features are significant in all the markets. It is very interesting that the geographically far markets show strong cross-correlations and share much of their multifractal structure. Furthermore, we found that for all the agricultural futures markets in our studies, the cross-correlation exponent is less than the averaged generalized Hurst exponents (GHE) when q < 0 and greater than the averaged GHE when q > 0.

  10. Are we moving towards functioning agricultural markets and trade relations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brosig, Stephan; Glauben, Thomas; Levkovych, Inna;

    2016-01-01

    economies and related concerns regarding food security. We argue that the delineation of non-functioning markets from markets that adequately adjusted to adverse framework conditions lacks theoretical foundation. We discuss the relevance of some results on institutions for agricultural markets in emerging...

  11. Selection Factors for Market Subjects of Agricultural Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper firstly analyzes selection factors for market subjects of agricultural industrial development in China. From the political aspect, it is required to take account of features of subjects of agricultural industrial development at current stage. From economic aspects, we should adheres to the two-tier management system that integrates unified with separate management on the basis of household contract management in the countryside, and cultivate and foster subject enterprises according to features of most important market subjects in market economy. From natural aspects, it is proposed to consider features of agricultural industry and inherent advantages of agricultural resources in China. From social aspects, it is essential to draw on successful experience of developed countries in developing market subjects of agricultural industry.

  12. GLOBALIZATION AND INTERNATIONALIZATION OF WORLD FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhyt, Arnabol; Nurgazina, Gulmira

    2014-01-01

    Interpretation of globalization and internalization influence on the world food and agricultural product markets is examined in the article. Moreover, the global problem of food safety is also examined.

  13. South Dakota Agricultural Land Market Trends 1991–2008

    OpenAIRE

    Janssen, Larry; Pflueger, Burton

    2008-01-01

    The 2008 SDSU Farm Real Estate Market Survey report contains information on current agricultural land values and cash rental rates by land use in different regions of South Dakota, with comparisons to values from earlier years

  14. THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING COOPERATIVES IN DIFFERENTIATED PRODUCT MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald W. Cotterill

    1997-01-01

    Recent empirical work suggests that cooperative presence in differentiated product markets lowers the consumer prices of all brands. This paper focuses on the theoretical basis for this competitive yardstick effect by cooperatives. It identifies two market structures where the competitive yardstick theorem for cooperatives can be extended from farmer-first handler markets to differentiated consumer product markets. They are (1) oligopoly with significant barriers to entry and (2) monopolistic...

  15. Marketing Decision Model: A Market Led Extension technique for Efficient Agricultural Marketing”

    OpenAIRE

    Mr. Milind B. Bhujbal; Mr. Paresh Vidyadhar Joshi; Miss. Sarita B. Belanekar

    2012-01-01

    India is basically an agrarian society where sole dependence has been on agriculture since time immemorial. In the olden days, the agricultural produce was fundamentally barter by nature where farmers exchanged goods for goods and also against services. Gradually the scenario changed with the changing times and agriculture produce began being sold with an element of commercial value. Trading of agriculture produce began for exchange of money. And from trading to marketing of agricultural...

  16. 7 CFR 2.79 - Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... delegated to the Secretary by Executive Order 12580, 3 CFR, 1987 Comp., p. 193, under the following... pollution control standards and section 1-601 of Executive Order 12088, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 243, to enter... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service....

  17. Mass of agricultural tractors available in the brazilian market

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Solis Estrada; José Fernando Schlosser; Marcelo Silveira de Farias; Alfran Tellechea Martini; Gustavo Oliveira dos Santos

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Currently, manufacturers of agricultural tractors offer to farmers a diversity of brands, models, and settings for the most diverse agricultural operations. In this sense, the relation mass/power of tractor influences directly in the performance of these operations. The objective of this research was to study the agricultural wheel tractors marketed in Brazil in relation to their mass, in order to obtain current data to help their selection and proper use. The research involved 145 ...

  18. LAND REFORM AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKETS IN RUSSIA

    OpenAIRE

    Lerman, Zvi; SHAGAIDA Natalya

    2005-01-01

    Russia has experienced dramatic changes in land ownership and land tenure since the dissolution of the Soviet Union at the end of 1991: agricultural land has been largely privatized, individual landowners now have legal rights to most agricultural land in the country, and previous prohibitions on buying and selling of land have been removed by recent laws. The necessary preconditions for the development of agricultural land markets have been met and we are beginning to witness transactions th...

  19. Chinese agriculture:US' market and rival as well?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ As Chinese economy sees a rapid development great changes are taking place in Chinese rural areas. Experts believe that China is a huge market for American agricultural products as well as a rival of Americ an farmers in the international market.

  20. Agricultural Commodity Futures Market Volatility: A Case for Punctuated Equilibrium

    OpenAIRE

    Apperson, George P.

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural commodity futures markets have experienced dramatic price swings since 2007 as compared to previous periods. Applied economic research has not reached a consensus as to whether market fundamentals or speculative participation has been the cause of the increased volatility. Policy research has concentrated on the legislative intent of the law and how recent financial and commodity market regulation should revert back to the successful policies of the twentieth century. Policy scho...

  1. Agricultural market integration: price transmission and policy intervention

    OpenAIRE

    Vasciaveo, M.; Rosa, F.; Weaver, R

    2013-01-01

    The increasing co-movements between world oil and food prices in the 2000s has prompted interest in the transmission mechanism among markets. This research investigates integration and price transmission of some important agricultural commodities traded in market area that includes United States and Italy for a period spanning from January 1999 to May 2012. The hypothesis of market integration is verified for crude oil and three agri-commodities wheat, corn and soybean in Italy and US. They a...

  2. NETWORKS AND INTERMEDIARIES IN SEASONAL AGRICULTURAL LABOR MARKETS IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Motoi Kusadokoro

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In casual labor markets, intermediaries are used in order to match employers and employees. This function is especially important when the market is imperfect and employers and employees have not formed solid networks. This paper investigates the network effects and the role of intermediaries in the seasonal agricultural labor market in the irrigated area of Adana, Turkey. The network of rural households is divided into one composed mainly of farmers and one composed mainly of seasonal agricultural workers. Our regression analyses show that the seasonal workers who do not have strong networks with farmers have difficulty finding jobs. Middlemen serve to mitigate the seasonal workers’ lack of a network and play a key role in the area’s seasonal agricultural labor market. At the same time, however, blood ties and territorial ties between middlemen and workers may cause middlemen to discriminate among seasonal workers based on their origins.

  3. Use Of Instruments For Environmental Marketing In Economic Activity Of Agricultural Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Oleksiy Shkuratov; Irina Voronetska

    2012-01-01

    Improved marketing mechanism of agricultural enterprise through the introduction of environmental marketing. Grounded place, tasks and functions of environmental marketing in integrated environmental and economic management.

  4. Consumer behaviour in agricultural direct marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Heer, Ines M.

    2008-01-01

    Scandals in the food production industry have caused an uncertainty about quality and innocuousness of food for many consumers. This resulted in a strong risk perception of consumers at the point of sale. The direct marketing of products by farmers can be an important way to strengthen consumer confidence. In this contribution, buying behaviour is examined by an observation and a following interview. We develop an econometric model about the number of bought products and the proposition of ma...

  5. Impact of energy prices on agricultural and energy markets: an integrated modeling approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    The accelerated growth in biofuels markets has both created and reinforced linkages between agricultural and energy markets. This study investigates the dynamics in biofuel and agricultural markets under alternative price scenarios for both crude oil and natural gas. Two energy ...

  6. Obstacles to Development of Marketing Channels of Agricultural Products in China and Countermeasures

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Chun-mei

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the connotation of marketing channels of agricultural products, and gives an overall of current modes of marketing channels of agricultural products in China, including the marketing channel of transportation and sale of agricultural products, the marketing channel of intermediary sales agent, and the marketing channel of mutual cooperation. The problems existing in the marketing channel of agricultural products in China as follows, first, the cost is high; second, the t...

  7. EU Land Markets and the Common Agricultural Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Ciaian, Pavel; Kancs, d’Artis; Swinnen, Johan

    2009-01-01

    Economic theory and empirical findings suggest that the way in which agricultural support is provided has an influence on land markets. Support payments tend to become capitalised into land values to some degree, affecting both the sales and rental prices of land. These effects in turn have a bearing on the transfer efficiency of the support and structural change in agriculture. Since 2005, the EU has provided decoupled support to farmers through the single payment scheme (SPS), as part of...

  8. Agricultural extension policy in Australia: public funding and market failure

    OpenAIRE

    Mullen, John D.; Vernon, Don; Fishpool, Ken I.

    2000-01-01

    Trends in public expenditure on agricultural extension are examined for Agriculture Departments in four States. There is little evidence that the share of public resources going to extension has declined. However, new demands have meant that the nature of extension has changed. A strategic approach to examining issues, such as land degradation, for the source of market failure may better guide the use of scarce public resources than the traditional focus on the public goods characteristics of...

  9. CHINA'S AGRICULTURAL WATER SCARCITY : EFFECTS ON INTERNATIONAL MARKETS

    OpenAIRE

    Lohmar, Bryan; Hansen, James M.

    2003-01-01

    Water shortages in important grain-producing regions of China may significantly affect China's agricultural production potential and international markets. This paper provides an overview of how water scarcity could affect China's agricultural production and trade. The paper identifies the areas where available water resources are most overexploited and the crops most vulnerable to reductions in irrigation. We present preliminary results from modeling a decline in irrigated land in water scar...

  10. INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL MARKET FORMATION PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    S. Revenko

    2013-01-01

    This article considers institutional aspects of the organized agricultural market formation process. Theoretical base to distinguish institute and institutes is given. In order to find out main influential institutes of the “organization” phenomenon author analyses Ukrainian institutional environment that is under construction process. Author considers main processes which are running during the organized market formation. Author researches theoretical approaches to the institutional staff. I...

  11. Agricultural Marketing. Student Reference. Volume 12, Number 10. Agdex 810, Catalog Number AG-81-S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Denker, Robert

    This student guide in agricultural marketing is designed to accompany the lessons in the curriculum unit, "Instructor's Guide in Agricultural Marketing" (CE 025 683). There are six sections in the student guide: (1) Introduction to Marketing; (2) Marketing Cash Grains; (3) Marketing Grain with a Protected Price; (4) Marketing Cash Livestock; (5)…

  12. The Home Market Effect in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Luminita Sarbovan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The most debated economic paradox refers to the positive and negative effects of most of the economic activities; these antagonist sides become in business production factors because they are holding costs. The aggregated effects of human activity surpass the firm or corporate borders, becoming prices paid by consumers, or in the situation of larger social costs, burdens for the tax payers. Some polluting effects of production, consumption and services, such as global heating, the carbon-dioxide emissions, wars, epidemics, malnutrition, obesity, became lately global critical problems for all nations and international organisms. The question remains weather governors will better administrate current crisis focusing on domestic, continental or global markets mechanisms, taking in consideration their particularities.

  13. Labour markets for irrigated agriculture in central Ethiopia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wendimu, Mengistu Assefa; Gibbon, Peter

    Labour market segmentation in developing countries has been considered in a growing literature, some of which suggests an informal sector wage premium. However, such studies have mainly focused on urban labour markets and have not discriminated between the informally self-employed and wage workers....... This paper examines segmentation in rural markets for agricultural wage workers in Ethiopia, controlling for location, farming systems and observed worker characteristics. Applying an endogenous switching model with simultaneous estimation of wage equations it establishes an informal sector wage premium...

  14. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce) with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Nuray Kızılaslan; Tayfur Ünal

    2015-01-01

    Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricul...

  15. Economic Analysis on Protection of Farmers’ Benefits Based on Market of Agricultural Means of Production and Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    De; CHEN; Dongmei; XIANG; Shengping; SHI

    2013-01-01

    Influenced by many factors,farmers remain very unfavorable position in market transaction and thus fail to ensure their reasonable benefits.In accordance with basic theory of microeconomics,this paper analyzes mutual relation between market of agricultural means of production and agricultural product market,compares economic decisions of agricultural means of production enterprises and agricultural product circulation service providers in monopoly condition and perfect competitive market,expounds influence of monopoly position of agricultural means of production enterprises and agricultural products service providers on economic benefits of farmers,and elaborates weak position and economic damage of farmers in transaction with various economic entities.Through analysis,it further recognizes necessity for protection of farmers’benefits and puts forward corresponding countermeasures:(1)regulating providers of agricultural means of production;(2)strengthening construction of agricultural product market circulation system;(3)improving organization of farmers;(4)setting up and improving production subsidy system of farmers.

  16. Obstacles to Development of Marketing Channels of Agricultural Products in China and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the connotation of marketing channels of agricultural products, and gives an overall of current modes of marketing channels of agricultural products in China, including the marketing channel of transportation and sale of agricultural products, the marketing channel of intermediary sales agent, and the marketing channel of mutual cooperation. The problems existing in the marketing channel of agricultural products in China as follows: first, the cost is high; second, the technological content is low; third, the upstream main body lacks competitiveness; fourth, the structure of investment is irrational. Corresponding countermeasures are put forward to develop marketing channels of agricultural products as follows: perfect the service function of wholesale market of agricultural products; propel the construction of integration and expansion of wholesale market; develop the circulation cooperatives of agricultural products; develop the integrated organization of production and sales of agricultural products.

  17. Lemon Effect of Green Agricultural Products and Its Marketing Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The paper introduces the lemon effect of green agricultural products,analyzes the formation reasons of the lemon effect of green agricul-tural products and summarizes problems brought by the effect,such as malicious deception and high price.The paper proposes countermeasures toavoid the lemon effect of green agricultural products from a perspective of marketing.The first is to strengthen the quality supervision of green agri-cultural products,upgrade the quality of products,and build up branded products.The government should foster the main body of the products andguide the main body to realize the importance of brand construction and management.The second is to construct a sales channel system of greenagricultural products,making use of the trading center of modern green agricultural products to sell products,developing a long term partnershipwith processing industries,big supermarket and restaurants,making use of internet and selling products online and offline.The third is to propagatethe products.Make a good use of advertisement,personal sales,propagation and public relations to accelerate the healthy development of greenagricultural market.

  18. Disasters and development in agricultural input markets: bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mainville, Denise Y

    2003-06-01

    The bulk of developing countries' populations and poor depend on agriculture for food and income. While rural economies and people are generally the most severely affected by natural disasters, little is known about how disasters and subsequent relief activities affect agricultural markets with differing levels of development. The article addresses this gap, drawing evidence from bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch. Case studies are used to address hypotheses about a disaster's effects on supply and demand in seed markets, farmers' responses and the performance of relief interventions in markets showing differing levels of development. The results show the importance of tailoring relief interventions to the markets that they will affect and to the specific effects of a disaster; the potential to use local and emerging seed distribution channels in a relief intervention; and opportunities for relief activities to strengthen community seed systems. PMID:12825438

  19. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications worldwide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabraal, A.; Delasanta, D.; Rosen, J.; Nolfi, J.; Ulmer, R.

    1981-11-01

    Agricultural sector PV market assessments conducted in the Phillippines, Nigeria, Mexico, Morocco, and Colombia are extrapolated worldwide. The types of applications evaluated are those requiring less than 15 kW of power and operate in a stand alone mode. The major conclusions were as follows: PV will be competitive in applications requiring 2 to 3 kW of power prior to 1983; by 1986 PV system competitiveness will extend to applications requiring 4 to 6 kW of power, due to capital constraints, the private sector market may be restricted to applications requiring less than about 2 kW of power; the ultimate purchase of larger systems will be governments, either through direct purchase or loans from development banks. Though fragmented, a significant agriculture sector market for PV exists; however, the market for PV in telecommunications, signalling, rural services, and TV will be larger. Major market related factors influencing the potential for U.S. PV Sales are: lack of awareness; high first costs; shortage of long term capital; competition from German, French and Japanese companies who have government support; and low fuel prices in capital surplus countries. Strategies that may aid in overcoming some of these problems are: setting up of a trade association aimed at overcoming problems due to lack of awareness, innovative financing schemes such as lease arrangements, and designing products to match current user needs as opposed to attempting to change consumer behavior.

  20. A Survey of Noncooperative Game Theory with Reference to Agricultural Markets: Part 2. Potential Applications in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Sexton, Richard J.

    1994-01-01

    This paper is the second of a two-part survey on noncooperative game theory relevant to agricultural markets. Part 1 of the survey focused on important game theory concepts, while this paper illustrates applications of the theory to agricultural markets. Game theory is relevant when markets are imperfectly competitive, and this paper argues that this condition is commonly met in agriculture. Specific topics of application include principal-agent models, auctions, and bargaining.

  1. Will EU Biofuel Policies affect Global Agricultural Markets?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banse, M.; Vvan Meijl, H.; Tabeau, A.; Woltjer, G.

    2008-04-15

    This paper assesses the global and sectoral implications of the European Union Biofuels Directive (BFD) in a multi-region computable general equilibrium framework with endogenous determination of land supply. The results show that, without mandatory blending policies or subsidies to stimulate the use of biofuel crops in the petroleum sector, the targets of the BFD will not be met in 2010 and 2020. With a mandatory blending policy, the enhanced demand for biofuel crops has a strong impact on agriculture at the global and European levels. The additional demand from the energy sector leads to an increase in global land use and, ultimately, a decrease in biodiversity. The development, on the other hand, might slow or reverse the long-term process of declining real agricultural prices. Moreover, assuming a further liberalization of the European agricultural market imports of biofuels are expected to increase to more than 50% of the total biofuel demand in Europe.

  2. Differential Marketing of Agricultural Products Dominated by Rural Cooperative Economic Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Guang-Ming

    2009-01-01

    Differential marketing is a strategy opposed to competitive convergence mainly characterized by seeking development in differences. Therefore, marketing of agricultural products dominated by rural cooperative economic organizations has an important practical role. Taking Manas County in Xinjiang Province as an example, agricultural marketing system dominated by rural cooperative economic organizations develops rapidly, mainly reflected in â‘ constructing agriculture industry association based...

  3. 29 CFR 780.116 - Commodities included by reference to the Agricultural Marketing Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Marketing Act. 780.116 Section 780.116 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR... Commodities § 780.116 Commodities included by reference to the Agricultural Marketing Act. (a) Section 3(f... defined as agricultural commodities in section 15(g) of the Agricultural Marketing Act, as amended (12...

  4. Improving the Transfer and Use of Agricultural Market Information in Zambia: A User Needs Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Chomba, Geoffrey; Mbozi, Green; Mundia, David; Simpamba, Mike; Mwiinga, Billy; Donovan, Cynthia; Mushingwani, Stanely

    2002-01-01

    The overall objective of the assessment is to review the current agricultural marketing information system and to establish felt marketing needs for agricultural marketing participants and other interested parties. Specifically, the study aimed at achieving the following- to assess the marketing information needs among user groups; to assess the current level of satisfaction and utilization of existing marketing support (information) services including AMIC; to identify other agricultural mar...

  5. The Way to Cultivate Characteristic Talents Majoring in Marketing in Agricultural Universities and Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QI Li

    2012-01-01

    In face of modern enterprises’ picky needs for marketing talents, the majority of graduates majoring in marketing from agricultural universities and colleges are often criticized due to old marketing concept, mediocre expertise, lack of practical ability and lack of communication skills in the process of searching job. It exposes the flaws of agricultural universities and colleges in training objectives of marketing talents, curriculum setting, features, teachers and their quality. The marketing education should serve the marketing practice needs, and the training mode and training way of marketing talents in agricultural universities and colleges need to be urgently reformed and improved. To satisfy the needs of enterprises, it is necessary to establish modern educational thought of marketing and training philosophy of application-based marketing talents; position the majors to highlight the characteristics of agricultural universities and colleges, cultivate all-around, application-based, inter-disciplinary marketing talents and explore new ways to cultivate agricultural marketing talents.

  6. Mass of agricultural tractors available in the brazilian market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Solis Estrada

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Currently, manufacturers of agricultural tractors offer to farmers a diversity of brands, models, and settings for the most diverse agricultural operations. In this sense, the relation mass/power of tractor influences directly in the performance of these operations. The objective of this research was to study the agricultural wheel tractors marketed in Brazil in relation to their mass, in order to obtain current data to help their selection and proper use. The research involved 145 agricultural tractors models of eight different brands, including 2WD, MFWD and 4WD versions. The variables mass without ballast, relation mass/power for the different brands, type of traction and tractor power were analyzed separately. Tractor power was classified in: Class I (150kW, according to the rated engine power declared by the manufacturer. Statistical analyses used were the t-Student and Tukey tests. The most number of tractors belongs to Class II and are considered versatile due to their mass/power relation, and can be used in the most diverse agricultural operations. From these analyses it was detected the mass/power relation decreases when the rated engine power increases.

  7. Evaluation of Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce with SWOT Analysis as an Alternative Network Marketing at Agricultural Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray Kızılaslan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Compulsory competition occurring in the world trade has led the enterprises to different marketing system. Marketing problems seems to be a problem in Turkey rather than agricultural production problems. In this aspect, marketing alternatives are sought. E-commerce is a system with more opportunities in agricultural marketing. Increasing the applicability of this system in Turkey will eliminate many problems associated with marketing in agriculture. With an active use of E-commerce in agricultural marketing, it provides convenience at marketing products of agro-related industries agencies and producers and all country will have a potential market position. In this study, possibilities offered by e-commerce to the agricultural sector, opportunities, threats, deficiencies and contributions to agricultural sector have been addressed. Without the limitations of place and time via the internet and computers, establishing national and international supply and demand balance of e-commerce seems to play important roles in maintaining an active and alive marketing. Furthermore, it is an important tool in reducing agricultural marketing problems.

  8. Ways of efficiency increase in marketing research management at agricultural machinery industry enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Andrushkiv, Bohdan Mykolayovych; Nyanko, Vitaliy Mykolayovych; Chaikivskyi, Ivan Adamovych

    2012-01-01

    The offered determinations concerning the main point of marketing research are considered and generalized. The basic ways of increasing the efficiency of marketing research management on the enterprises of agricultural machinery industry are determined and developed. The model of marketing management concerning the relationship with consumers on the market of agricultural machinery industry is worked out. The marketing program of management of relationship with consumers based on the marketin...

  9. Research on the Legal Regulation of Market Access for Agricultural Products in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of defining the concept of market access for agricultural products,this paper analyzes the necessity of establishing market access system of agricultural products,proposes the conception of establishing market access system of agricultural products in China;sets up the frame of market access system of agricultural products;analyzes the rationality of the frame of market access system of agricultural products;poses the consideration of economic law regarding setup of market access system of agricultural products.This paper also puts forward the legislative suggestions for establishing market access system of agricultural products as follows:establish the frame of market access system of agricultural products taking quality access as core;establish and perfect the compensation and relief system of guaranteeing benefit of manager and producers;establish the market access system of agricultural products with hierarchical structure;sort out existing laws and form the sound the legal frame of market access system of agricultural products.

  10. Consumer Behavior Analysis under the "Lemon Dilemma" in the Market of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the introduction of the connotation of "lemon market" and the phenomenon of "lemon" in the market of agricultural products,the consumers’ behaviors in the "lemon market" of agricultural products are analyzed.Firstly,consumers feel unfair in their minds in the process of negotiation;secondly,the purchase decision rule tends to be simplified in the "lemon market" of agricultural products;thirdly,the consumers tend to follow the masses in the "lemon market" of agricultural products.The economics significance of the impact of "lemon dilemma" of agricultural products on consumers is analyzed.The causes of the impact are analyzed from two aspects the uncertainty of collecting the information of agricultural information and the uncertainty of using the agricultural information.The suggestions and countermeasures are put forward in order to solve the "lemon" problems in agricultural market.In the first place,the excellent mechanism for producing the information of agricultural products should be constructed;in the second place,the government should encourage the multi-channel,multi-form and multi-level operation mode of agricultural products,to promote the optimization of market functions;in the third place,the government should widen the channel of information dissemination for agricultural products and establish the high efficiency feedback path;in the fourth place,the traditional thought pattern of consumers should be changed,so as to promote the healthy,orderly and benign development of agricultural products market.

  11. KEY SUCCESS VALUES IN RELATIONSHIP MARKETING OF AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muchlis Ahmady

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia, agriculture is still one of the business activity that involves many stakeholders with a unique relationship, ranging from farmers as producers, various intermediaries that act to move the product on the retailers who ultimately sell to end consumers. What are the key values connecting between actors to guarantee the continuity of business and how the model linkage or relationship marketing that happens, is the main goal in this paper. The results showed, commitment and trust are the dominant two aspects that underlie the emergence of co-operation as well as the assurance of financial benefit. Another interesting fact revealed by this study is the relationship marketing that occurs not just based on the transactional aspects alone, but there is also a social aspect that binds relationships. This aspect even leads to another fundamental goal, namely the existence of convenience between the parties cooperate. Although both of these goals cannot always be achieved simultaneously due to the strata of different decision-making power, but in reality they complement the ongoing collaboration.Keywords: Commitment, Trust, Transactional and Social Marketing, Leisure

  12. Performance of African Agricultural Exports and External Market Access Conditions under International Trade Reforms

    OpenAIRE

    Nyangito, Hezron Omare

    2004-01-01

    Sub Saharan African agriculture is currently facing challenges in international trade with respect to external market access conditions and competition in world markets as a result of trade liberalization efforts under the world trade organization (WTO) agreements and in particular the agreement on agriculture (AoA). This paper presents the performance of agricultural exports for selected countries and indicates external market barriers faced and the resulting implications of the barriers on ...

  13. Three essays on agricultural price volatility and the linkages between agricultural and energy markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Feng

    This dissertation contains three essays. In the first essay I use a volatility spillover model to find evidence of significant spillovers from crude oil prices to corn cash and futures prices, and that these spillover effects are time-varying. Results reveal that corn markets have become much more connected to crude oil markets after the introduction of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Furthermore, crude oil prices transmit positive volatility spillovers into corn prices and movements in corn prices become more energy-driven as the ethanol gasoline consumption ratio increases. Based on this strong volatility link between crude oil and corn prices, a new cross hedging strategy for managing corn price risk using oil futures is examined and its performance studied. Results show that this cross hedging strategy provides only slightly better hedging performance compared to traditional hedging in corn futures markets alone. The implication is that hedging corn price risk in corn futures markets alone can still provide relatively satisfactory performance in the biofuel era. The second essay studies the spillover effect of biofuel policy on participation in the Conservation Reserve Program. Landowners' participation decisions are modeled using a real options framework. A novel aspect of the model is that it captures the structural change in agriculture caused by rising biofuel production. The resulting model is used to simulate the spillover effect under various conditions. In particular, I simulate how increased growth in agricultural returns, persistence of the biofuel production boom, and the volatility surrounding agricultural returns, affect conservation program participation decisions. Policy implications of these results are also discussed. The third essay proposes a methodology to construct a risk-adjusted implied volatility measure that removes the forecasting bias of the model-free implied volatility measure. The risk adjustment is based on a closed

  14. Research on the Performance Evaluation and Advancing Path of Henan Agricultural Products E-marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingqiang; PAN

    2013-01-01

    Given that the traditional marketing management of agricultural products has been unable to meet the diversified demands of market, and the network has been applied to the marketing field of agricultural products,the research on the performance evaluation and advancing path of Henan agricultural products E-marketing is more important than before. Based on current problems of Henan agricultural products E-marketing,a system of performance evaluation is established,which covers website building and maintenance and other four first-class indexes as well as profit ratio of sales and other thirteen second-class indexes,and then the system is evaluated by comprehensive evaluation method. Meanwhile,it is explored to discuss how to further advance Henan agricultural products E-marketing.

  15. A Competitive Analysis on the Agricultural Products of China and Thailand in the U. S. Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Aiping; YAO; Liping; WAN

    2014-01-01

    This paper selects China and Thailand as a reference object. Based on the U. S. market,it analyzes the export competitiveness of the agricultural products of China and Thailand by market share and growth rate,measures the agricultural products of China and Thailand export competition degree by export product similarity index and estimates the agricultural products of China and Thailand export competitiveness strength by shift share method. The results show that: At present,in the U. S. market,the competition of the agricultural products of China and Thailand is fierce,but export growth of China’s agricultural products is faster and more competitive. Finally on how to further improve China’s agricultural exports competitiveness in the U. S. market and promote China’s agricultural export trade to the U. S. it puts forward the related countermeasures and suggestions.

  16. Evaluation on Core Competitiveness of Wholesale Market of Agricultural Products Based on CWAA Operator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to relevant data,we select five indices,namely management ability,organization and management capability,enterprise culture,development ability and technical equipment ability,to establish the index system of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products.Based on combination weight arithmetic average(CWAA) operator,we advance an evaluation model of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products which involves participation of many people.By inviting five exerts,we conduct evaluation in terms of management ability of wholesale market of agricultural products,organization and management capability of leadership,enterprise culture of wholesale market of agricultural products,future development ability of wholesale market of agricultural products,and exiting technical equipment ability of wholesale market of agricultural products.We adopt hundred-mark system to grade and evaluate core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products.The results show that the experts’ evaluation score of core competitiveness of wholesale market of agricultural products is high.The evaluation result is reasonable and authentic and this model is feasible.

  17. Status and Countermeasures for the Green Marketing of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Yinchuan City, China

    OpenAIRE

    Kang, Ling-xiang

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview and characteristics of agricultural products processing enterprises in Yinchuan City, green marketing status of agricultural products processing enterprises in Yinchuan City is introduced from the aspects of product strategy, pricing strategy, distribution strategy and promotion strategy. Problems in the green marketing of agricultural products processing enterprises are analyzed, such as the obvious contradiction between the processing demand and the raw materials, low ...

  18. Agri-Commodity Price Dynamics: The Relationship Between Oil and Agricultural Market

    OpenAIRE

    Rosa, Franco; Vasciaveo, Michela

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the interactions among the prices of some agricultural commodities in Italy and United States by using the time series analysis method. After a general overview of the world and European agri-markets, the agricultural commodity and oil prices are investigated in order to analyze the cross-market interactions and test the hypothesis that the increased volatility in agricultural prices is caused by the exogenous crude oil prices. For the analysis the data abo...

  19. Trends in private and public investments in agricultural marketing infrastructure in India

    OpenAIRE

    Jairath, M.S.

    2008-01-01

    The study has estimated the extent of investment made in promotion of marketing infrastructure in the country and growth in public and private investments. It has also examined state-wise spread of private and public investments in agricultural marketing infrastructure, its composition and share and has investigated whether private investment induces pubic investment or vice versa. Of the total investment of Rs 157652.30 lakh made for the development of agricultural marketing infrastructure, ...

  20. THE ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY OF LAND RENTAL MARKETS IN TRANSITION AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Vranken, Liesbet; Mathijs, Erik

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the functioning of the Hungarian land rental market. The allocative inefficiency of the land rental market is determined by calculating the marginal value productivity of land and using rental prices. Regional differences in allocative inefficiency are then correlated with demographic and socio-economic variables and with labor market-related factors.

  1. What makes organic agriculture move: protest, meaning or market?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alrøe, Hugo; Noe, Egon

    2008-01-01

    Many different actors have hopes and aspirations for the future of organic agriculture. They have different perspectives on organic agriculture with different understandings of what it is and what makes it move. Each perspective entails a certain understanding of organic agriculture featuring....... We hope that polyocularity as a general analytical tool, and the three specific perspectives, will be helpful in understanding the future development of organic agriculture and how it may be influenced...... certain concepts and values and a particular logic or rationality. It is important to acknowledge this heterogeneity when investigating the dynamics and governance of organic agriculture. We suggest a polyocular approach that facilitates a comprehensive and balanced understanding of organic agriculture...

  2. Agricultural Production Restrictions and Market Power: An Antitrust Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Bolotova, Yuliya

    2015-01-01

    During the recent decade the organizations of agricultural producers in the national dairy, potato, egg and mushroom industries implemented various pre-production and production restriction practices with the primary objective of agricultural output price stabilization. The buyers of the affected agricultural commodities have challenged the legal status of production restrictions in a number of recent and current antitrust lawsuits, arguing that the Capper-Volstead Act, a limited antitrust ex...

  3. A note on soil depth, failing markets and agricultural pricing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bulte, E; van Soest, D

    1999-01-01

    Due to implementation of Structural Adjustment Programs, prices of agricultural products have increased in many developing countries. From an environmental point of view, it is an open question whether these price increases stimulate sustainable agriculture. In the context of a simple model that inc

  4. The Role of Market Power in Agricultural Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Cordero Salas, Paula

    2009-01-01

    I study the economic consequences of shifting bargaining power in relational contracts through interventions such as the formation of a Bargaining Group (BG) for the side of sellers in a market where buyers traditionally hold significant market power. Existing theories of relational contracts predict that such a power transfer will have no impact on market efficiency. In contexts where enforcement institutions are weak, a standard assumption from existing theories of relational contracts - th...

  5. Multilateral Trade and Agricultural Policy Reforms in Sugar Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Amani Elobeid; John C. Beghin

    2004-01-01

    We analyze the removal of current market interventions in world sugar markets using a partial-equilibrium international sugar model calibrated on 2002 market data and current policies. We analyze the impact of trade liberalization and the removal of production subsidies and consumption distortions. The removal of trade distortions alone induces a 27 percent price increase by the end of the decade relative to the baseline level for sugar. The removal of all trade and production distortions ind...

  6. Development of Market Prices of Agricultural Land within the Conditions of the EU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Pletichová

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Market prices of agricultural land in the world have increased significantly in recent years. Important factors in regard to this trend are not only the fact that land is a basic, irreplaceable resource for the production of food and natural resources of each country, but also the fact that it is generally perceived as a favorable holder of capital, not succumbing to the effects of inflation. Market prices of agricultural land and the rent level in individual EU member countries are affected by historical development, the size structure of agricultural businesses, legislation, regulation of the land market, natural conditions and the intensity of agricultural production (e.g. the Netherlands. Market prices of agricultural land in the Czech Republic are monitored by the Czech Statistical Office (CSO, Institute for Agricultural Economics and Information (IAEI and Ministry of Agriculture (MoA, but output of the data base is not comparable within a time series 1993-2012, as institutions work with differing methodology. On the basis of the description of prices of agricultural land and regression analysis, the hypothesis that the market price of agricultural land for agricultural use in the Czech Republic is affected primarily by its quality was not confirmed. The official (administrative price is only an orientational and subsidiary tool for the determination of the market price. The development of the agricultural land market in the Czech Republic was affected by the privatization of land after 2000. According to an estimate (of the author, after the completion of privatization, and also in view of changes in tax policy, the prices of transacted land for agricultural use can decline within 3 years (2014 by up to 30%. It is probable that the demand will be focused on transactions with land for speculative and investment purposes, as, according to world trends, the average increase in value of investments in land in a time of economic crisis is

  7. Agricultural Land Markets and Land Leasing in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Petroska Angelovska, Neda; Ackovska, Marija; Bojnec, Štefan

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the driving forces that shape agricultural land structures, land market and land leasing in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Institutional developments and land reforms have so far been modest in the FYROM, and have not contributed to significant changes in agricultural ownership, operational structures, or land market and land leasing arrangements. Land ownership and land use are bimodal, consisting of several small-scale family farms an...

  8. STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS OF THE WORLD AGRICULTURE GLOBAL MARKET THROUGH MONETARY AND FINANCIAL CRISIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kovach Y. M.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The author identifies the current state of the global agricultural market, analyzes the global agriculture market through the prism of global food problems, and identifies the main destinations in tackling the global food crisis. The author concludes that the food security of individual countries and regions is possible with considerable strengthening the state's role in the development of agro-industry by creating a favorable economic environment

  9. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises - A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Fang-li; Wang, Yang

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects: the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises, the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents, the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises, the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises. the requirements Dosed by the agricultura...

  10. International economic trade partners and competitions of the Russian on world agricultural market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michail Ivanovich Maslennikov

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses common and specific problems of international trade in Russia and its regions in agricultural sector, specific situation and methods of reformation, adaptation and modernization of the national and regional agricultural complexes, its resources base on the way to globalization processes in the world, including such forms of international trade of agricultural products and formation on this base of an industrial agricultural economics plus rate of the international agricultural trade expansion. Regions of Russia are quickly developing territories with very active integration into world economy system, having high tempo of economic rate growth and adaptation of the economy to specific situation and methods of diversification of the agricultural base resources; the analysis is made on agricultural production of international trade in such countries as China, the USA, the European Union, Argentina, Canada, India and Brazil while searching for new economic partners on international agricultural market.

  11. Performance measurement of the agricultural marketing cooperatives : The gap between theory and practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soboh, R.A.M.E.; Oude Lansink, A.; Giesen, G.; Dijk, van G.

    2009-01-01

    The performance of agricultural cooperatives depends on their business objectives, which are defined in different ways in the literature. We review the theoretical literature on the performance of agricultural marketing cooperatives. Studies can be divided into two classes, those that assume a singl

  12. Collaborative Evaluation and Market Research Converge: An Innovative Model Agricultural Development Program Evaluation in Southern Sudan

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, John M.; O'Sullivan, Rita

    2012-01-01

    In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A…

  13. Land Rights and Their Impacts on Agricultural Efficiency, Investments and Land Markets in Zimbabwe

    OpenAIRE

    Mutema, Maxwell

    2003-01-01

    This paper summarizes results of case studies and panel group discussions carried out in Zimbabwe recently to find out the relationship between land rights and agricultural efficiency, investment and land markets in the smallholder agricultural sector. Results indicate that primary land user rights holders in the three perceived land tenure categories studied do not see security of tenure as a major problem. The major limiting factors cited as reasons for failure to realize full agricultural ...

  14. Agricultural marketing systems and sustainability. Study of small scale Andean hillside farms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castaño, J.

    2001-01-01

    A better understanding of the way in which marketing systems can contribute to the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices (ASAP) on small-farms constitutes the aim of this study. In particular, the study examines the contribution of vertical marketing systems (

  15. The management potential for the innovative development of the agricultural enterprises in the markets export

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.N. Ilchenko

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Deals with results of the management performance for agricultural enterprises related on export markets were highlighted. The main of management strategy formation to the foreign markets were investigated. The criteria of effectiveness of using of national economy innovative development are justified.

  16. Land Markets and Agricultural Land Use Efficiency and Sustainability: Evidence from East Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Benin, Samuel; Place, Frank; Nkonya, Ephraim M.; Pender, John L.

    2006-01-01

    Land markets, including land sales and short-term land rentals, have an important role to play for efficient and sustainable land management and agricultural development, especially where markets for other factors of production are imperfect or missing. This study utilises data from the highlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda to examine the impact of land markets on various types of land investment and management practices, crop yield, and land quality. The results highlight the relative long...

  17. Agricultural and oil commodities: price transmission and market integration between US and Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Franco Rosa; Michela Vasciaveo; Weaver, Robert D.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of this article it to get some evidences of market interaction between United States and Italy using the time series analysis of spot prices spanning from January 1999 to May 2012 for crude oil and three ag-commodities: wheat, corn and soybean. These crops have been selected for their relevance in ag-commodity exchanges between US and Italy markets. The integration between US and Italy agricultural markets is hypothesized for the consistent volume of crop traded between these two coun...

  18. Horizontal Price Transmission in Agricultural Markets: Fundamental Concepts and Open Empirical Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Listorti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Following the dramatic changes experienced by the prices of agricultural commodities in 2007-2008, the analysis of horizontal price transmission mechanisms in agricultural markets has attracted renewed interest. In particular, this has led to the emergence of new challenges for the empirical analysis. How to model the increasing volatility and non linear behaviour of prices, to assess the impact of the policy responses to market turbulence, and how to account for the increasing interconnections between agricultural and non-agricultural commodity markets are amongst the most investigated issues. Building on a common analytical framework, this paper discusses and reviews the most recent methodological developments and empirical contributions in the field.

  19. The road half traveled: agricultural market reform in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kherallah Mylène

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the extensive evidence on agricultural market reforms in Sub-Saharan Africa and summarises the impact reforms have had on market performance, agricultural production, use of modern inputs, and poverty. It offers eight recommendations for completing the reform process and developing a new agenda for agricultural markets in Sub-Saharan Africa. The reform experience in Sub-Saharan Africa has varied widely across countries and crop subsectors. The available evidence shows clear progress in some areas and mixed results in others. Most reforms were only partially implemented and policy reversal was common. Once implemented, however, reforms have increased competition and reduced marketing margins, benefiting both producers and consumers. Reforms have also boosted export crop production. On the other hand, food crop production has stagnated and yields have not improved. Further expansion of private trade is constrained by lack of access to credit, uncertainty about the government’s commitment to reform, and high transaction costs.

  20. The carbon markets: which place for the french agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Even its positive role of carbon sequestration in the biomass by photosynthesis, the agriculture sector is responsible of about 20% of the french greenhouse gases emissions. Actions aim to reduce these emissions. This study allows the exploration of technic of reduction to reveal those which combine voluntarism, actors responsibility and economic profitability. It constitutes necessary work to better understand the greenhouse gases stakes in the agriculture and develop inventive projects. It offers also actions to implement by the public authorities to create success conditions of described mechanisms. (A.L.B.)

  1. Creating Linkages between the Labour Market and Agricultural Higher Education in Iran: Strategies and Mechanisms for Partnership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Movahedi, Reza; Saadi, Heshmatollah; Farani, Ahmad Yaghoubi

    2011-01-01

    Employment of agriculture graduates in Iran is a major problem that needs to be addressed. There are three main issues: lack of robust strategies for linking agricultural higher education and the labour market, the lack of relevance of agricultural curricula to the real needs of the labour market, and diminishing levels of government services for…

  2. THE PRIVATE SECTOR APPROACH TO GRAIN MARKETING: THE CASE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKET ADVISORY SERVICES

    OpenAIRE

    Irwin, Scott H.; Good, Darrel L.; Jackson, Thomas E.

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the pricing performance and behavior of market advisory services in corn and soybeans. Data on corn and soybean net price received for advisory services, as reported by the AgMAS Project, are available for the 1995, 1996 and 1997 marketing years. Performance test results suggest that, on average, market advisory services exhibit a small ability to "beat the market". This conclusion is somewhat sensitive to the type of performance test and market ben...

  3. Developing Agricultural Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Edward Samuel; Gibbon, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This article investigates the process of development in a traditional African export market, focusing on a contract farming scheme for organic cocoa in rural Uganda. Based on a repeated household survey, we measure the impact of the scheme on the income of participants and the economic mechanisms...... behind these effects. We find substantial benefits from the scheme, driven primarily by the establishment of credible incentives for farmers to adopt technologies which improve cocoa quality. There is also evidence of broader trends of market deepening and increased productivity, probably due to positive...

  4. Predictability and Market Efficiency in Agricultural Futures Markets: a Perspective from Price-Volume Correlation Based on Wavelet Coherency Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Ling-Yun; Wen, Xing-Chun

    2015-12-01

    In this paper, we use a time-frequency domain technique, namely, wavelet squared coherency, to examine the associations between the trading volumes of three agricultural futures and three different forms of these futures' daily closing prices, i.e. prices, returns and volatilities, over the past several years. These agricultural futures markets are selected from China as a typical case of the emerging countries, and from the US as a representative of the developed economies. We investigate correlations and lead-lag relationships between the trading volumes and the prices to detect the predictability and efficiency of these futures markets. The results suggest that the information contained in the trading volumes of the three agricultural futures markets in China can be applied to predict the prices or returns, while that in US has extremely weak predictive power for prices or returns. We also conduct the wavelet analysis on the relationships between the volumes and returns or volatilities to examine the existence of the two "stylized facts" proposed by Karpoff [J. M. Karpoff, The relation between price changes and trading volume: A survey, J. Financ. Quant. Anal.22(1) (1987) 109-126]. Different markets in the two countries perform differently in reproducing the two stylized facts. As the wavelet tools can decode nonlinear regularities and hidden patterns behind price-volume relationship in time-frequency space, different from the conventional econometric framework, this paper offers a new perspective into the market predictability and efficiency.

  5. A Framework for Analyzing Technical Trade Barriers in Agricultural Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Roberts, Donna; Josling, Timothy E.; Orden, David

    1999-01-01

    Technical trade barriers are increasingly important in the international trade of agricultural products. Designing technical trade measures that can satisfy the growing demand for food safety, product differentiation, environmental amenities, and product information at the lowest cost to the consumer and to the international trading system requires an understanding of the complex economics of regulatory import barriers. This report proposes a definition and classification scheme to frame disc...

  6. Price Uncertainty and Optimal Hedging in the Agricultural Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolae ISTUDOR

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The increased volatility of the agricultural prices has detrimental effects on the economic welfare and raises concerns regarding poverty and malnutrition at a global level. Financial risk management can be an efficient solution for limiting the effects of international agricultural price volatility. The paper analyzes the behavior of the U.S. wheat and corn prices, emphasizing their highly volatile and unpredictable nature. Given the existence of the basis risk, the estimation of the optimal hedge ratio is needed in order to provide an efficient hedging strategy against price risks. The role of public authorities in this context can consist in promoting education in the fields of hedging and understanding the agricultural price volatility risk. We estimate static and time varying optimal hedge ratios for wheat and corn through several methods. Based on the out of sample hedging effectiveness given by the variance reduction, the methods are compared and the results show that the time varying hedge ratios estimated through rolling window OLS and GARCH methods outperform the static counterparts.

  7. AGRICULTURAL LAND MARKET IN SLOVAKIA UNDER THE NEW LAND ACQUISITION LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušan DRABIK

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses recent developments in the market for agricultural land in Slovakia related to the new law on land acquisition. The stated objective of this law is to protect agricultural land from non-agricultural use. We analyze land-related data as reported by sellers in the newly established Registry of offers of agricultural land administered by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Our results show that the regions with the most fertile soils are not the ones with the highest average land prices. Moreover, we show that the average regional prices are very sensitive to price outliers. For example, the average price for agricultural land in Slovakia is 27,200 EUR per hectare. However, this price falls down to 6,300 EUR per hectare if only observations with prices below 10,000 EUR per hectare are considered.

  8. Agricultural and Social Resiliency of Small-Scale Agriculture to Economic and Climatic Shocks: A Comparison of Subsistence versus Market-Based Agricultural Approaches in Rural Guatemala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malard, J. J.; Melgar-Quiñonez, H.; Pineda, P.; Gálvez, J.; Adamowski, J. F.

    2014-12-01

    Agricultural production is heavily dependent not only on climate but also on markets as well as on the social and community systems managing the agroecosystem. In addition, the ultimate goal of agricultural production, human food security, is also affected not only by net agricultural production but also by similar economic and social factors. These complex feedbacks assume a particular importance in the case of smallholder farms in the tropics, where alternative rural development policies have led to different and contrasting agricultural management systems. Current approaches at comparing such systems generally study their environmental, economic or social components in isolation, potentially missing important interconnections. This research uses a participatory systems dynamics modelling (SDM) framework to compare two small-scale agricultural approaches in rural Guatemala which differ in their social, economic and ecosystem management decisions. The first case study community, in Quiché, has adopted a subsistence-based system that aims to use low levels of outside inputs to produce food for their own consumption, while the second, in Sololá, has opted for market-based agriculture that uses high input levels to obtain marketable crops in order to assure income for the purchase of food and other necessities. Each of these systems has its respective vulnerabilities; while the Sololá community suffers from more environmental degradation issues (soils and pests), the Quiché community, given lower monetary incomes, is more vulnerable to events whose responses require a significant monetary expenditure. Through the SDM approach, we incorporate local stakeholder knowledge of the respective systems, including biophysical and socioeconomic variables, into a joint biophysical and socioeconomic model for each community. These models then allow for the comparison of the resilience of both types of socio-agroecosystems in the face of climatic, economic and biological

  9. Pricing Principles from Psychology for Agricultural Organizations with Market Power

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Ronald B.

    2007-01-01

    A recent review of food retailer pricing found evidence that much of the behavior was inconsistent with traditional economic models (Li, Sexton & Xia, ARER 2006). These inconsistencies may stem from the theoretical foundation that firms use to guide their pricing. When firms can influence price, they often use pricing principles from psychology, based on buyer behavior instead of utility maximization. These principles have been incorporated into the marketing approach to pricing. A comparison...

  10. Particulars of Demand for Agricultural Products in the Domestic Market

    OpenAIRE

    Laura Catalina TIMIRAS; Bogdan NICHIFOR; Luminita Iulia ZAIT

    2012-01-01

    Based on the latest official statistics on food and beverage purchases, overall and by product category, the article captures quantitative and qualitative changes in recent years on the Romanian market for this category of goods. It has been also highlighted the gaps observed in the different categories of households by: living environment, presence and number of children, employment status and age of household head, all from the perspective of the demand for those products.

  11. Generic Advertising in Concentrated and Differentiated Agricultural Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Han, Sungill; Chung, Chanjin; Suh, Daeseok

    2011-01-01

    This study develops an analytical framework to examine the impact of generic advertising on brand advertising with alternative assumptions on demand changes (shift-up and rotation), product differentiation, market concentration, and relationship between commodity and brand advertising programs. The newly developed model allows one to determine the relationship between generic and brand advertising, which has not been clearly shown in previous studies. Analytical results show that when generic...

  12. Particulars of Demand for Agricultural Products in the Domestic Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Catalina TIMIRAS

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Based on the latest official statistics on food and beverage purchases, overall and by product category, the article captures quantitative and qualitative changes in recent years on the Romanian market for this category of goods. It has been also highlighted the gaps observed in the different categories of households by: living environment, presence and number of children, employment status and age of household head, all from the perspective of the demand for those products.

  13. MARKET POWER IN DIRECT MARKETING OF FRESH PRODUCE: COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE FARMS

    OpenAIRE

    Lass, Daniel A.; Lavoie, Nathalie; Fetter, T. Robert

    2004-01-01

    CSA farms establish a loyal customer base and, potentially, market power. A new empirical industrial organization (NEIO) approach and survey data from Northeast CSA farms are used to determine whether CSA farms have market power and the extent to which they exercise their market power. Results suggest CSA farms exert about two percent of their potential monopoly power.

  14. Impacts of the EU Biofuel Target on Agricultural Markets and Land Use - A Comparative Modelling Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Blanco Fonseca, Maria; BURRELL Alison; Gay, Stephan Hubertus; Henseler, Martin; Kavallari, Aikaterini; PÉREZ DOMÍNGUEZ Ignacio; Tonini, Axel

    2010-01-01

    The Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) requires that 20% of the EU's energy needs should come from renewable sources by 2020, and includes a target for the transport sector of 10% from biofuels. This report analyses and discusses the global impacts of this biofuel target on agricultural production, markets and land use, as simulated by three agricultural sector models, AGLINK-COSIMO, ESIM and CAPRI. The impacts identified include higher EU production of ethanol and biodiesel, and of the ...

  15. Mapping gender networks in Bogor District, West Java: Farmers accessing markets for their agricultural products

    OpenAIRE

    Christie, Maria Elisa; Puspitawati, H.

    2010-01-01

    In Nanggung, West Java Province, Indonesia, agricultural production is dominated by men while women have little access and control over land, capital, and production inputs. Using qualitative methodology including mapping nodes in social networks, this study aims to understand how gendered networks affect women's ability to access markets and capture value for their agricultural products. While men farmers benefit from long established male-dominated information networks, women who are able t...

  16. Effective public policy which can reduce gender discrimination in the agricultural labour market: A theoretical investigation

    OpenAIRE

    Kundu, AMIT

    2013-01-01

    Wage and employment differences between male and female agricultural labourers in the under developed countries including India is not new. With the help of a simple theoretical model it is here proved that public policy like implementation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) in the rural areas can reduce wage discrimination but fails to reduce employment discrimination in the agricultural labour market. It is also proved that implementation of NREGS not only reduces profita...

  17. Design and Realization of E-Marketing System for Fresh Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chunmao; TAN; Haishan; WANG; Xiudong; SUN; Yannan; ZHAO

    2014-01-01

    This paper firstly introduced the PHP + Oracle database development technology. Based on B / S structure,using MVC( Model View Controller) framework development mode,and in line with actual demands of fresh agricultural products for e-marketing in Shanghai,it designed and expected to realize e-marketing system for fresh agricultural products in B2B2 C mode. It made an in-depth analysis from system demands,design of functional modules,design of database,and relevant technologies for system realization.

  18. Research on Fresh Agricultural Product Based on the Retailer's Overconfidence under Options and Spot Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai Nie

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we analyze the application of options contract in the special commodity supply chainsuch asfresh agricultural products. This problem is discussed from the point of the retailer. When spot market andfuture market are both available, we discuss how the retailer chooses the optimal production. Furthermore,overconfidence is introduced to the supply chain ofthe fresh agricultural products, which has not happenedbefore. Thenbased on the overconfidence of the retailer, we explore how overconfidence affects the supplychain system under different circumstances. At last, we get the conclusion that different overconfidencelevel has different affection on retailer’s optimalordering quantity and profit.

  19. On Possible Influence of Space Weather on Agricultural Markets: Necessary Conditions and Probable Scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Pustilnik, Lev

    2013-01-01

    We present the results of study of a possible relationship between the space weather and terrestrial markets of agricultural products. It is shown that to implement the possible effect of space weather on the terrestrial harvests and prices, a simultaneous fulfillment of three conditions is required: 1) sensitivity of local weather (cloud cover, atmospheric circulation) to the state of space weather; 2) sensitivity of the area of specific agricultural crops to the weather anomalies (belonging to the area of risk farming); 3) relative isolation of the market, making it difficult to damp the price hikes by the external food supplies. Four possible scenarios of the market response to the modulations of local terrestrial weather via the solar activity are described. The data sources and analysis methods applied to detect this relationship are characterized. We describe the behavior of 22 European markets during the medieval period, in particular, during the Maunder minimum (1650-1715). We demonstrate a reliable m...

  20. Agricultural and oil commodities: price transmission and market integration between US and Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco Rosa

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this article it to get some evidences of market interaction between United States and Italy using the time series analysis of spot prices spanning from January 1999 to May 2012 for crude oil and three ag-commodities: wheat, corn and soybean. These crops have been selected for their relevance in ag-commodity exchanges between US and Italy markets. The integration between US and Italy agricultural markets is hypothesized for the consistent volume of crop traded between these two countries while the price transmission is related to the leading price signals of the CBT (Chicago Board of Trade. The integration between oil and ag-commodity markets is suggested both by the large use of energy intensive inputs, (fertilizer, seed, machinery in production of these ag-commodities, and their use in biofuel production. The results suggest: a for US market the evidence of market integration between crude oil and US ag-commodities; b for Italy the integration with US ag-commodity markets and less evidence of integration with the oil market. These results are valuable information both for the agents and policy makers contributing to improve the information accuracy to predict the price movements used by marketing operators for their strategies and policy makers to set up policies to re-establish conditions of market efficiency and allocate these ag-commodities in alternative market channels.

  1. Implementing a community-based social marketing project to improve agricultural worker health.

    OpenAIRE

    Flocks, J; Clarke, L; Albrecht, S.; Bryant, C; Monaghan, P.; Baker, H

    2001-01-01

    The Together for Agricultural Safety project is a community-based social marketing project working to reduce the adverse health effects of pesticide exposure among fernery and nursery workers in Florida. In 3 years, the collaboration between university and community researchers has embodied many of the principles of community-based research while completing multiple stages of formative data collection required for a social marketing project. This hybrid approach to developing a health interve...

  2. Prospects for Agricultural Markets and Income in the EU 2010-2020

    OpenAIRE

    GAY Stephan; KAVALLARI AIKATERINI; Blanco Fonseca, Maria; BURRELL Alison; FELLMANN THOMAS; Helaine, Sophie; HENSELER MARTIN; HIMICS MIHALY; M'BAREK Robert

    2010-01-01

    The outlook presented in this publication consist of a set of market and sector income prospects elaborated on the basis of specific assumptions regarding macroeconomic conditions, the agricultural and trade policy environment, weather conditions and international market developments. They are not intended to constitute a forecast of what the future will be, but instead a description of what may happen under a specific set of assumptions and circumstances, which at the time of projections wer...

  3. Understanding the Underlying Fundamentals of Ethanol Markets: Linkages between Energy and Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Tokgoz, Simla; Elobeid, Amani E.

    2007-01-01

    This study analyzes the impact of price shocks in three input and output markets critical to ethanol: gasoline, corn, and sugar. We investigate the impact of these shocks on ethanol and related agricultural markets in the United States and Brazil. We find that the composition of a country's vehicle fleet determines the direction of the response of ethanol consumption to changes in the gasoline price. We also find that a change in feedstock costs affects the profitability of ethanol producers ...

  4. AGRICULTURAL MARKETING IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT: A GUIDE FOR THE MARKETING PRACTITIONER INVOLVED IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Ooijen, Rudy

    1985-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to develop a general framework for rural development in which marketing will play a major role. This framework could make the "learning by doing" process more efficient and effective. Specific goals of this paper are to provide the reader with: (1) a better overall understanding of the rural development and marketing development process, (2) an analysis of approaches used by rural development projects in their effort to improve rural marketing, and (3) a sy...

  5. Combination of State and Market Regulators of Innovation Development of Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorbatyuk Oleksandr V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the modern state and regulatory provision of state and market regulators of innovation development of agriculture in Ukraine. Analysing, systemising and generalising scientific works of many scientists the article considers definition of state support. In the result of the study the article marks out that certain specific features of the branch influence possibilities of introducing innovations in agriculture. Innovation in agricultural production requires preliminary assessment of its influence upon the agrarian fund, biological assets, etc. Due to these factors the risk of introducing innovations is higher in agriculture. In order to activate development of organisational forms of introduction of innovations in agriculture of Ukraine it is necessary to attract not only state but also market regulators of innovation development of agriculture. Further development in this direction would allow improvement of the organisational and economic mechanism of transfer of innovations with the help of full-value organisational infrastructure of introduction of innovations in agriculture and formation of the national innovation model of sustainable development of the agrarian sector of Ukrainian economy.

  6. Cereals Market in Romania under the Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florentina CONSTANTIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyses the cereals market after Romania accession to European Union. Thus, I considered necessary and appropriate to achieve the dynamic analysis of production, prices, trade, consumption, and self-sufficiency that provides an overview on the evolution of the cereals market in Romania, in the European context, starting from resources representing the demand, to the uses that represent the supply. I also point out the main mechanisms and support instruments for the cereals market under the Common Agriculture Policy, in the period 2007-2013 and towards 2014-2020.

  7. A marketing-finance approach linking contracts in agricultural channels to shareholder value

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pennings, J.M.E.; Wansink, B.; Hoffmann, A.O.I.

    2011-01-01

    A conceptual marketing-finance framework is proposed which links channel contracting in agriculture and the use of financial facilitating services (e.g., financial derivatives) to (shareholder) value creation. The framework complements existing literature by explicitly including channel contract rel

  8. Volatility Spillovers between Energy and Agricultural Markets: A Critical Appraisal of Theory and Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C-L. Chang (Chia-Lin); Y. Li (Y); M.J. McAleer (Michael)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Energy and agricultural commodities and markets have been examined extensively, albeit separately, for a number of years. In the energy literature, the returns, volatility and volatility spillovers (namely, the delayed effect of a returns shock in one asset on the subse

  9. The conditionings of the credit market in agriculture. The macroeconomic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Kułyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have evaluated the relationship of the credit market to the agricultural sector. The weakness of appropriate resource allocation from the credit market has been emphasized. We paid attention both to the external environment of agriculture itself, as well as to the way it has been shaped as a result of the process of globalization. The effect was examined of the influence of particular macroeconomic indicators adjusted according to the range of the interest rate as a result of change in the price of agricultural products. The period of the research covered the years 1990–2010. A discussion was carried out to allow for the setting apart of factors that influenced conditions which shaped the cost of financial loans and credit. The character of dependencies or related factors were analysed. The different significance of individual accounts was shown.

  10. Evaluating the Impacts of an Agricultural Water Market in the Guadalupe River Basin, Texas: An Agent-based Modeling Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, E.; Cai, X.; Minsker, B. S.

    2014-12-01

    Agriculture comprises about 80 percent of the total water consumption in the US. Under conditions of water shortage and fully committed water rights, market-based water allocations could be promising instruments for agricultural water redistribution from marginally profitable areas to more profitable ones. Previous studies on water market have mainly focused on theoretical or statistical analysis. However, how water users' heterogeneous physical attributes and decision rules about water use and water right trading will affect water market efficiency has been less addressed. In this study, we developed an agent-based model to evaluate the benefits of an agricultural water market in the Guadalupe River Basin during drought events. Agricultural agents with different attributes (i.e., soil type for crops, annual water diversion permit and precipitation) are defined to simulate the dynamic feedback between water availability, irrigation demand and water trading activity. Diversified crop irrigation rules and water bidding rules are tested in terms of crop yield, agricultural profit, and water-use efficiency. The model was coupled with a real-time hydrologic model and run under different water scarcity scenarios. Preliminary results indicate that an agricultural water market is capable of increasing crop yield, agricultural profit, and water-use efficiency. This capability is more significant under moderate drought scenarios than in mild and severe drought scenarios. The water market mechanism also increases agricultural resilience to climate uncertainty by reducing crop yield variance in drought events. The challenges of implementing an agricultural water market under climate uncertainty are also discussed.

  11. Essays on agricultural adaptation to climate change and ethanol market integration in the U.S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aisabokhae, Ruth Ada

    Climate factors like precipitation and temperature, being closely intertwined with agriculture, make a changing climate a big concern for the entire human race and its basic survival. Adaptation to climate is a long-running characteristic of agriculture evidenced by the varying types and forms of agricultural enterprises associated with differing climatic conditions. Nevertheless climate change poses a substantial, additional adaptation challenge for agriculture. Mitigation encompasses efforts to reduce the current and future extent of climate change. Biofuels production, for instance, expands agriculture's role in climate change mitigation. This dissertation encompasses adaptation and mitigation strategies as a response to climate change in the U.S. by examining comprehensively scientific findings on agricultural adaptation to climate change; developing information on the costs and benefits of select adaptations to examine what adaptations are most desirable, for which society can further devote its resources; and studying how ethanol prices are interrelated across, and transmitted within the U.S., and the markets that play an important role in these dynamics. Quantitative analysis using the Forestry and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model (FASOM) shows adaptation to be highly beneficial to agriculture. On-farm varietal and other adaptations contributions outweigh a mix shift northwards significantly, implying progressive technical change and significant returns to adaptation research and investment focused on farm management and varietal adaptations could be quite beneficial over time. Northward shift of corn-acre weighted centroids observed indicates that substantial production potential may shift across regions with the possibility of less production in the South, and more in the North, and thereby, potential redistribution of income. Time series techniques employed to study ethanol price dynamics show that the markets studied are co-integrated and strongly

  12. 17 CFR 1.54 - Contract market rules submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... submitted to and approved or not disapproved by the Secretary of Agriculture. 1.54 Section 1.54 Commodity... Secretary of Agriculture. Notwithstanding any provision of these rules, any bylaw, rule, regulation, or resolution of a contract market that was submitted to the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant or § 1.38(a)...

  13. REASONS AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE WORLD AGRICULTURAL MARKET BAD PRICE DYNAMICS THREATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Grodzievskaya

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article is about main threats of the bad price dynamics on the world agricultural market for agriculture producers. Scientific point of view on the risks is considered. Mostly theoretical point of view allows understanding how deep and wide scientists could research this problem. Author considers reasons of this menaces and ways out, how to avoid or estimate the rate of undesirable consequences for agriculture producers and agriculture price conjuncture. Researcher distinguishes several main reasons of the agriculture threats among them: production, finance, inflation and conjuncture fluctuation. In this article readers can find new ideas for governmental way to operate risky and low informative level situations in agricultural sphere. Researchers can use structural approach of the risk identification due to the scheme of risks realization reasons. Also few formulas provided for cybernetic way to research this problem. Scientist proposes ways for neutralization threats, among them are: adaptation, insurance, spends minimization, etc. Author analyzes Ukrainian agricultural tendencies in the last decades and draws a conclusion for socio-economic trend in witch modern world economy moves.

  14. Voluntary Certification of Agricultural Products in Competitive Markets: The Consideration of Boundedly Rational Consumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xujin Pu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Market competition creates strategic incentives for firms to communicate private information about their own product quality through certification. Although voluntary certification has recently gained importance in the agricultural industry, information asymmetry is not always completely addressed. This study analyzes how the relative proportion of boundedly rational consumers in the market influences the effectiveness of voluntary certification mechanisms by using a duopoly game model of high- and low-quality firms. The presented results show that a change in the proportion of boundedly rational consumers leads to different certification behaviors and a different market equilibrium. We also find that the existence of boundedly rational consumers is an important factor in the failure of voluntary certification. Indeed, when the relative proportion of such consumers is very high, voluntary certification is ineffective at improving market efficiency.

  15. The Mode Reform of Cultivating Marketing Talents in Agricultural Vocational Colleges Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Enterprises——A Case Study of Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    We conduct survey on the characteristics of demand of agricultural enterprises for agricultural marketing talents from the following 6 aspects:the professional marketing talents needed urgently by the agricultural enterprises,the amount of demand of agricultural enterprises for the marketing talents,the jobs offered by the agricultural enterprises,the educational background of agricultural marketing talents favored by the agricultural enterprises,the requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the work experience of agricultural marketing talents,and the quality requirements posed by the agricultural enterprises on the agricultural marketing talents.We analyse the problems existing in the cultivation mode of marketing talents in agricultural vocational colleges as follows:the feature of major is not outstanding;the contradiction between supply and demand is prominent;it is disconnected with the practical needs of agricultural enterprises;the cultivation form of practical ability is simple.On the basis of this,taking Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology as an example,we advance the new mode of cultivating inter-disciplinary talents integrating "marketing technique+technique marketing",and establish characteristic agricultural course combo system on the basis of vocational position orientation.In the meantime,we propose that we should conduct close college-enterprise cooperation with the local leading agricultural enterprises.This cultivation mode reform of talents is favorable for the agricultural enterprises,especially small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises to foster "marketable" agricultural marketing talents,elevate the comprehensive competitiveness of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises,serve the local economy,and promote the development of modern agriculture,and China’s agriculture,farmer,and countryside.

  16. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Morocco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steingass, H.; Asmon, I.

    1981-09-01

    Results of a month-long study in Morocco aimed at assessing the market potential for stand-alone photovoltaic systems in agriculture and rural service applications are presented. The following applications, requiring less than 15 kW of power, are described: irrigation, cattle watering, refrigeration, crop processing, potable water and educational TV. Telecommunications and transportation signalling applications, descriptions of power and energy use profiles, assessments of business environment, government and private sector attitudes towards photovoltaics, and financing were also considered. The Moroccan market presents both advantages and disadvantages for American PV manufacturers. The principle advantages of the Moroccan market are: a limited grid, interest in and present use of PV in communications applications, attractive investment incentives, and a stated policy favoring American investment. Disadvantages include: lack of government incentives for PV use, general unfamiliarity with PV technology, high first cost of PV, a well-established market network for diesel generators, and difficulty with financing. The market for PV in Morocco (1981-1986), will be relatively small, about 340 kwp. The market for PV is likely to be more favorable in telecommunications, transport signalling and some rural services. The primary market appears to be in the public (i.e., government) rather than private sector, due to financial constraints and the high price of PV relative to conventional power sector.

  17. Status and Countermeasures for the Green Marketing of Agricultural Products Processing Enterprises in Yinchuan City,China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the overview and characteristics of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City,green marketing status of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City is introduced from the aspects of product strategy,pricing strategy,distribution strategy and promotion strategy.Problems in the green marketing of agricultural products processing enterprise are analyzed,such as the obvious contradiction between the processing demand and the raw materials,low level of comprehensive utilization of resources,no common demand for green consumption in Yinchuan City,weak strength of enterprise and no concept of green marketing,poor macro-control and insufficient input,neglecting the environmental production of materials during marketing,and insufficient input of enterprises in professional marketing personnel.In order to improve the green marketing ability of enterprises and the development of agricultural products processing enterprise in Yinchuan City,the following countermeasures are put forward:green marketing strategy(mainly including cultivating the green marketing strategy for enterprises,gathering of green information,and strengthening the marketing strategy of target market)and green marketing policy(mainly including green products policy,green price policy,green channel policy and green promotion policy).

  18. Position of the graduates from faculty of Agriculture, University of South Bohemia, in labour market

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Čermáková; Martin Maršík; Ivana Leitmanová

    1999-01-01

    The contribution offers analysis of the position of the graduates from the University of South Bohemia, the Faculty of Agriculture, in labour market. The situation is analyzed from the viewpoint of possible difficulties in finding a job, and opportunities in particular professional spheres. The study attempts to answer the question of possible unemployment risks connected with particular study programs, and problems of the occurrence of sexism. Statistical analysis involved the graduates from...

  19. An Empirical Assessment of Simultaneous Ethanol Policy Changes on U.S. Agricultural Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, James A.; Bekkerman, Anton; Atwood, Joseph A.; Watts, Myles J.

    2012-01-01

    In the late 2000s, corn prices rose rapidly and were closely followed by prices of other major agricultural commodities. A widespread explanation for these market changes is an increased demand for corn in the production of ethanol, prompted by the introduction of programs intended to encourage biofuels production in the United States. In response to political pressures, the U.S. Congress considered amending three ethanol policies. It is likely that the interaction among the three policies ca...

  20. Teaching Direct Marketing and Small Farm Viability, 2nd Edition. Unit 3 - Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This unit on direct marketing through Community Supported Agriculture introduces students to the history of CSA and today’s various CSA structures. In addition, this unit will focus in depth on the two primary forms of CSA (the Membership/Share Model CSAs and the Subscription Model), illustrating how CSA structure, outreach, and administration differ for each model. The unit also covers the agronomic considerations for running a CSA, including crop planning, soil fertility, harvest, and post-...

  1. MARKET ANALYSIS AND POTENTIAL OF UAV SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING &CARTOGRAPHY IN ECOLOGY, AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Mittal, Prakul; National Aerospace University “KhAI”; Muneshwar, Rajesh N.; National Aerospace University “KhAI”

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes recent research into Aerial Photography, Cartography and Monitoring Capa-bilities and Technologies of UAV products currently available into the market. It reviews advancement of small electric powered unmanned air vehicle (UAV) capabilities. Specifically, topics under consideration were Aerial photography and its two uses, Cartography and Monitoring within the context of proposed exploitation of UAV for Planning, control and management in Agriculture, Forestry and Ecology...

  2. Application of the Gini index to measure the concentration on several agricultural international markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burny, P.

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the level of concentration of several agricultural products exports whose roles are important in developing countries. The Gini index was determined as it measures the level of competition within the different markets. After a description of the index, eight products were studied : bovine meat, poultry meat, eggs in the shell, rice, sugar, tea, rubber and palm oil. For each of them, the Gini index was calculated according to the data of the Food and Agriculture Organisation in 1965, 1970, 1975, 1980 and 1985. A comparison was made between the years 1965 and 1985 in order to show the evolution of the relative importance of the different exporting countries. In conclusion, the successes, failures or changing goals of the agricultural policy of these countries could be evaluated.

  3. The role of the agricultural credit cooperatives in the fertilizer market in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agriculture has a certain degree of importance in the development and developing countries in the world. It is necessary to increase agricultural production and productivity to counter balance increasing food demand. To be able to reach to the goal, inputs one of which is fertilizer used in the agricultural production should be used in the optimum amount in the modern agriculture. Increasing the productivity in the agricultural production depends on the transformation of economic unity of the farms (Karacan, 1991). However, approximately 85 percentage of the farmers in Turkey has made agricultural activity on the farm land which is smaller than that of 100 decar (1 decar = 1000 m2). This case has shown that there is a domination of the type of small family farms in Turkish agriculture. These farms generally have insufficient capital, saving, modern equipment, input usage and credit. This farm structure has increased the importance of the agricultural credit cooperatives (ACC) providing credit either inputs or cash. And also ACC have played an important role to transfer finance from government to farmers (Muelayim, 1995). The first main goal of the study is to determine the role of the ACC having a great importance in the fertilizer market in Turkey. The second goal is to evaluate the relationship between farmers-ACC and farmers-private fertilizer agent in the selected region, central district of Tokat province. Also the problems that the farmers faced and the preference of buying fertilizer from either ACC or private fertilizer agent of the farmers and some suggestions related to the subjects were investigated. Refs. 12 (author)

  4. Speculation and volatility spillover in the crude oil and agricultural commodity markets: A Bayesian analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper assesses factors that potentially influence the volatility of crude oil prices and the possible linkage between this volatility and agricultural commodity markets. Stochastic volatility models are applied to weekly crude oil, corn, and wheat futures prices from November 1998 to January 2009. Model parameters are estimated using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Speculation, scalping, and petroleum inventories are found to be important in explaining the volatility of crude oil prices. Several properties of crude oil price dynamics are established, including mean-reversion, an asymmetry between returns and volatility, volatility clustering, and infrequent compound jumps. We find evidence of volatility spillover among crude oil, corn, and wheat markets after the fall of 2006. This can be largely explained by tightened interdependence between crude oil and these commodity markets induced by ethanol production.

  5. Speculation and volatility spillover in the crude oil and agricultural commodity markets: A Bayesian analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Du Xiaodong, E-mail: xdu23@wisc.ed [Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI (United States); Yu, Cindy L., E-mail: cindyyu@iastate.ed [Department of Statistics, Iowa State University, IA (United States); Hayes, Dermot J., E-mail: dhayes@iastate.ed [Department of Economics and Department of Finance, Iowa State University, IA (United States)

    2011-05-15

    This paper assesses factors that potentially influence the volatility of crude oil prices and the possible linkage between this volatility and agricultural commodity markets. Stochastic volatility models are applied to weekly crude oil, corn, and wheat futures prices from November 1998 to January 2009. Model parameters are estimated using Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods. Speculation, scalping, and petroleum inventories are found to be important in explaining the volatility of crude oil prices. Several properties of crude oil price dynamics are established, including mean-reversion, an asymmetry between returns and volatility, volatility clustering, and infrequent compound jumps. We find evidence of volatility spillover among crude oil, corn, and wheat markets after the fall of 2006. This can be largely explained by tightened interdependence between crude oil and these commodity markets induced by ethanol production.

  6. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Colombia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steigelmann, W.; Neyeloff, S.

    1981-11-01

    The market potential for photovoltaic systems in the agricultural sector of Colombia is assessed. Consideration was given to over twenty specific livestock production, crop production, and rural services applications requiring less than 15 kW of power without backup power. Analysis revealed that near-term potential exists for photovoltaic technology in applications in coffee depulging, cattle watering, rural domestic users, rural water supply and small irrigation, rural telephones, rural health posts, and vaccine refrigeration. Market size would be in the 1200 to 2500 kWp range in the 1981 to 86 timeframe. Positive factors influencing the market size include a lack of electrical services, potential for developing the Llanos Orientales Territory, high fuel costs in remote areas, balance of system availability, the presence of wealthy land owners, and a large government-sponsored contract for photovoltaic (PV)-powered rural telephone systems. The anticipated eligibility of photovoltaic equipment for loans would be a further positive factor in market potential. Important negative factors include relatively inexpensive energy in developed locations, reliance on hydropower, lack of familiarity with PV equipment, a lack of financing, and established foreign competition in PV technology. Recommendations to American PV manufacturers attempting to develop the Colombian market are given.

  7. Biodiesel development: New markets for conventional and genetically modified agricultural products

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duffield, J.; Shapouri, H.; Graboski, M.; McCormick, R.; Wilson, R.

    1998-09-01

    With environmental and energy source concerns on the rise, using agricultural fats and oils as fuel in diesel engines has captured increasing attention. Substituting petroleum diesel with biodiesel may reduce air emissions, increase the domestic supply of fuel, and create new markets for farmers. US agricultural fats and oils could support a large amount of biodiesel, but high production costs and competing uses of biodiesel feedstocks will likely prevent mass adoption of biodiesel fuel. Higher-priced niche markets could develop for biodiesels as a result of environmental regulations. Biodiesel has many environmental advantages relative to petroleum diesel, such as lower CO, CO{sub 2}, SO{sub x}, and particulate matter emissions. Enhancing fuel properties by genetically modifying oil crops could improve NO{sub x} emissions, cold flow, and oxidative stability, which have been identified as potential problems for biodiesel. Research activities need to be directed toward cost reduction, improving fuel properties, and analyzing the economic effects of biodiesel development on US agriculture.

  8. Price and Structure Risks Consideration when Selecting a Marketing Strategy for an Agricultural Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiyan Dmytro V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article lies in development and approval of the indicator of complex assessment of the level of price and structure risks of agricultural enterprises with the further goal of selecting a marketing strategy. It was established in the result of the study that agricultural enterprises with a high price and structure risk ratio have high indicators of economic efficiency compared to the groups with a low value of this indicator. At the same time, major enterprises (mostly agro-holdings at a certain stage, which corresponds with the set critical size of the area or livestock, have a possibility to diversify production and, consequently, reduce the price and structure risk ratio. Further studies would deal with establishing groups of agricultural enterprises on the basis of differences in economic efficiency by selected criteria (profitability of realisation of products, profit per 1 hectare and crop capacity and livestock productivity, that result not from the territorial and geographical location, but from specific features of formation of the market of agrarian products of Ukraine.

  9. Cyclope 2003: the world markets: raw materials, currencies, services, agriculture, energy, finance, industry; Cyclope 2003: les marches mondiaux: matieres premieres, monnaies, services, agriculture, energie, finance, industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalmin, Ph.

    2003-07-01

    The Cyclope book is a collective annual publication made by an international team of economists, journalists and specialists of geopolitics. The 2003 issue analyzes the consequences of the war in Iraq on the energy markets and on the international negotiations of the world trade organization (WTO) which took place at Cancun in September 2003. It analyses also the growth of the Chinese markets, the sustainable development concept in vogue, the Johannesburg conference and the reform of the common agricultural policy. (J.S.)

  10. Influence of the biobased economy on agricultural markets. Preparation of a modelling approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nowicki, P.L.; Van Leeuwen, M.G.A.; Bos, H.L.; Chant, L.J.; Molenveld, K.; Tabeau, A.A.

    2010-06-15

    This report is the conclusion of research undertaken to better understand the impact of the developing biobased economy on agricultural land markets. This has involved understanding the true dimension of the biobased economy, namely the large range of products for which a biobased component exists or could exist, and in this regard the likely evolution in the substitution of elements produced from fossil oil. This research is also a first step to determine whether the overall result of the development of the biobased economy will be positive, negative or neutral for the Dutch economy as a whole.

  11. Agricultural Marketing in a Country in Transition : Case of Sweetpotato Products in Sichuan P.R. China

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, X. Y.

    1999-01-01

    China's achievements in its reform from a centrally planned economy toward a marketing economy during the last two decades are substantial. Although it still has a long way to go to reach its targeted aims, half of China's economy is now 'marketised, or is responsive to market forces (Lawrence, 1998). The influence of the transition on agricultural marketing is significant, particularly when the reforms were initiated by farmers and started in rural areas. The sweetpotato sector, one of the e...

  12. Promote the modernization of agriculture and develop modern agriculture through improving the agricultural futures market%完善农产品期货市场与农业现代化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑春燕

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture is a developmental edge for Henan Province.Thus,promoting the modernization of agriculture and developing modern agriculture are obvious choices.In modern service industry,finance is the core and the blood.Promotion of agricultural modernization through agricultural futures market brings practical feasibility.For example,agricultural futures market can avoid price risk,optimize the cultivation of agricultural products,and make hedging a possible choice for agricultural enterprises.This paper analyzes the role of the agricultural futures market in agricultural modernization,as well as its shortcomings in this process.Based on the analysis,recommendations in relation to futures markets in agricultural modernization are proposed.%农业是河南的优势、机遇和筹码。大力推动农业现代化、发展现代农业是我们的必然选择。在现代服务业中,金融是核心,是血液。通过完善农产品期货市场来推动农业现代化,发展现代农业,既有意义,也有现实的可行性。农产品期货市场可以规避农产品的价格风险,优化农产品的种植品种,有利于农产品生产经营企业进行套期保值等。本文分析了农产品期货市场对农业现代化、发展现代农业的推动作用,以及在这一发展过程中存在的不足,并综合各方意见,给出了具体的措施。

  13. The Impact of Integrated Agricultural Research for Development on Collective Marketing among Smallholder Farmers of Southern Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kefasi Nyikahadzoi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This article demonstrates how Integrated Agricultural Research for Development (IAR4D impacts on collective marketing among smallholder farmers of southern Africa through increased crop productivity, yields and income. We use a quasi-experimental design to compare outcomes under IAR4D and under two other states namely conventional approach and non-intervention. The study relies on primary data collected from 665 households during baseline and end line survey. Results from the study show that IAR4D had a positive and significant impact on improving collective marketing in intervention sites as compared to the control sites. In conclusion, the paper demonstrates empirically that collective marketing can help smallholder farmers to reduce barriers to entry into lucrative agricultural markets through IAR4D by lowering transaction costs of accessing input and produce markets. This finding is particularly very important given that middlemen and small traders face huge transaction costs of dealing with many sellers each selling small quantities.

  14. Learning achievements of farmers during the transition to market-oriented organic agriculture in rural Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amos Owamani

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Organic agriculture requires farmers with the ability to develop profitable agro-enterprises on their own. By drawing on four years of experiences with the Enabling Rural Innovation approach in Uganda, we outline how smallholder farmers transition to organic agriculture and, at the same time, increase their entrepreneurial skills and competences through learning. In order to document this learning we operationalised the Kirkpatrick learning evaluation model, which subsequently informed the collection of qualitative data in two study sites. Our analysis suggests that the Enabling Rural Innovation approach helps farmers to develop essential capabilities for identifying organic markets and new organic commodities, for testing these organic commodities under varying organic farm management scenarios, and for negotiating contracts with organic traders. We also observed several obstacles that confront farmers’ transition to organic agriculture when using the Enabling Rural Innovation approach. These include the long duration of agronomic experimentation and seed multiplication, expensive organic certification procedures and the absence of adequate mechanism for farmers to access crop finance services. Despite prevailing obstacles we conclude that the Enabling Rural Innovation approach provides a starting point for farmers to develop entrepreneurial competences and profitable agro-enterprises on their own.

  15. Agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report entitled Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation : A Canadian Perspective, presents a summary of research regarding the impacts of climate change on key sectors over the past five years as it relates to Canada. This chapter on agriculture describes how climate change will affect primary agriculture production in Canada with particular focus on potential adaptation options, and vulnerability of agriculture at the farm level. Agriculture is a vital part of the Canadian economy, although only 7 per cent of Canada's land mass is used for agricultural purposes due to the limitations of climate and soils. Most parts of Canada are expected to experience warmer conditions, longer frost-free seasons and increased evapotranspiration. The impacts of these changes on agriculture will vary depending on precipitation changes, soil conditions, and land use. Northern regions may benefit from longer farming seasons, but poor soil conditions will limit the northward expansion of agricultural crops. Some of the negative impacts associated with climate change on agriculture include increased droughts, changes in pest and pathogen outbreaks, and moisture stress. In general, it is expected that the positive and negative impacts of climate change would offset each other. 74 refs., 2 tabs., 1 fig

  16. The impact of German biogas production on European and global agricultural markets, land use and the environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As part of its climate policy, Germany promotes the production of biogas via its so-called Renewable-Energy-Act (EEG). The resulting boost in biogas output went along with a significant increase in production of green maize, the dominant feedstock. Existing studies of the EEG have analysed its impacts on German agriculture without considering market feedback. We thus expand existing quantitative analysis by also considering impacts on European and global agricultural markets, land use and the environment by combining a detailed location model for biogas plants, the Regionalised Location Information System-Maize (ReSi-M2012), with a global Partial Equilibrium model for agriculture, the Common Agricultural Policy Regional Impact (CAPRI) model. Our results indicate that the German biogas production is large enough to have sizeable impacts on global agricultural markets in prices and quantities, causing significant land use change outside of Germany. While profits in the agricultural sector increase, food consumer face higher prices, and subsidies for biogas production are passed on to electricity consumers. The German biogas program, as long as it is almost entirely based on non-waste feedstocks, is probably not a promising avenue towards a GHG-saving renewable energy production, but a rather expensive one. - Highlights: • Recent changes to that program decrease green maize use but increase land demands. • The program could raise EU prices for cereals by 3%. • Agricultural land use expansion outside of the EU estimated at 1 Mio ha

  17. The Effect of Agricultural Growing Season Change on Market Prices in Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    deBeurs, K.M.; Brown, M. E.

    2013-01-01

    to plan effective adaptation strategies. Remote sensing data can also provide some understanding of the spatial extent of these changes and whether they are likely to continue. Given the agricultural nature of most economies on the African continent, agricultural production continues to be a critical determinant of both food security and economic growth (Funk and Brown, 2009). Crop phenological parameters, such as the start and end of the growing season, the total length of the growing season, and the rate of greening and senescence are important for planning crop management, crop diversification, and intensification. The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as: "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life". Food security roughly depends on three factors: 1) availability of food; 2) access to food and 3) appropriate use of food, as well as adequate water and sanitation. The first factor is dependent on growing conditions and weather and climate. In a previous paper we have investigated this factor by evaluating the effect of large scale climate oscillation on land surface phenology (Brown et al., 2010). We found that all areas in Africa are significantly affected by at least one type of large scale climate oscillations and concluded that these somewhat predictable oscillations could perhaps be used to forecast agricultural production. In addition, we have evaluated changes in agricultural land surface phenology over time (Brown et al., 2012). We found that land surface phenology models, which link large-scale vegetation indices with accumulated humidity, could successfully predict agricultural productivity in several countries around the world. In this chapter we are interested in the effect of variability in peak timing of the growing season, or phenology, on the second factor of food security, food access. In this chapter we want to determine if there is a link between market prices

  18. Research on Supervision of Agricultural Market%农资市场监管措施研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春蕴

    2015-01-01

    The article presents related solutions for solving the constant problems of fake and inferior seeds, pesticide, fertilizer and other agricultural goods based on practical situation of agricultural market in Pulandian area. It provides a reference for achieving effec-tive supervision of agricultural market and safe supply of agricultural products.%根据普兰店地区农资市场的实际情况,总结假冒伪劣种子、农药、化肥等农业生产资料屡禁不止的成因,提出相应的解决措施,为实现农资市场有效监管及保障农产品供应安全提供参考。

  19. A Model of Diffusion of Genetically Modified Crop Technology in Concentrated Agricultural Processing Markets - The Case of Soybeans

    OpenAIRE

    Nadolnyak, Denis A.; Sheldon, Ian M.

    2002-01-01

    In the paper, a dynamic model of diffusion of genetically modified crop technology is developed and simulated using the U.S. soybean market data. The model accounts for factors specific to agricultural markets, such as oligopsony power and strategic interaction among crop processors, growers' characteristics such as adoption behavior, and identity preservation requirements. Simulation results show how these factors affect the magnitude and distribution of the potential gains from genetically ...

  20. Forest Conversion, Agricultural Transitions and the Influence of Multi-scale Market Factors in Southwest Cameroon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordway, E.; Lambin, E.; Asner, G. P.

    2015-12-01

    The changing structure of demand for commodities associated with food security and energy has had a startling impact on land use change in tropical forests in recent decades. Yet, the composition of conversion in the Congo basin remains a major uncertainty, particularly with regards to the scale of drivers of change. Owing to rapid expansion of production globally and longstanding historical production locally in the Congo basin, oil palm offers a lens through which to evaluate local land use decisions across a spectrum of small- to large-scales of production as well as interactions with regional and global supply chains. We examined the effect of global commodity crop expansion on land use change in Southwest Cameroon using a mixed-methods approach to integrate remote sensing, field surveys and socioeconomic data. Southwest Cameroon (2.5 Mha) has a long history of large- and small-scale agriculture, ranging from mixed crop subsistence agriculture to large monocrop plantations of oil palm, cocoa, and rubber. Trends and spatial patterns of forest conversion and agricultural transitions were analyzed from 2000-2015 using satellite imagery. We used economic, demographic and field survey datasets to assess how regional and global market factors and local commodity crop decisions affect land use patterns. Our results show that oil palm is a major commodity crop expanding in this region, and that conversion is occurring primarily through expansion by medium-scale producers and local elites. Results also indicate that global and regional supply chain dynamics influence local land use decision making. This research contributes new information on land use patterns and dynamics in the Congo basin, an understudied region. More specifically, results from this research contribute information on recent trends of oil palm expansion in Cameroon that will be used in national land use planning strategies.

  1. Performance of farmers in the future stock market in agricultural sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ricardo Lima

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the performance of the Coopermibra associated members related to agricultural contracts future. The study was carried in the municipality of Campo Mourão, State of Paraná, Brazil, through a descriptive and qualitative method. The sample consisted of 40 cooperative members, who were interviewed in September/2008 during on-farm visits together technical assistants or during farmers´ visits to the Cooperative. It was observed that 80% of the farmers perform early sales in the Cooperative branch. Among them, who can achieve a higher level of good decision (67.5%, are those that follow daily prices. The Cooperative works as an intermediary between the farmers and BM&F BOVESPA stock market because it has offered contracts to farmers for setting the price at the future at it branch, but it does not provide for the cooperative members a way to act directly in the market for derivatives. Such situation does not prevent the farmers to hold both types of contracts.

  2. The Impact of Biotechnology, in Particular Genetically Modified Crops on International Agricultural Research, Production and Marketing and How this will Affect Agriculture in Western Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Forbes, Sandy

    2003-01-01

    In 2000 I was awarded a Nuffield Farming Scholarship to study the impact of biotechnology, in particular genetically modified crops, on international agricultural research, production and marketing. I studied this topic in 2001 in Canada, USA and United Kingdom in an attempt to gain an insight into the issues with GM crops and how this may impact on our decision to grow them in Western Australia. I was impressed by the technology available that opened up a range of opportunities for vast impr...

  3. The Impact of Agricultural Marketing Cooperatives on Market Performance in U.S. Food Manufacturing Industries for 1982

    OpenAIRE

    Petraglia, Lisa M.; Rogers, Richard T.

    1991-01-01

    This research examines market performance in the U.S. food manufacturing product classes for 1982 and the effect cooperatives have as market participants. It addresses the public policy concern that cooperatives may obtain market power through favorable public policy and may exercise that market power to the detriment of society through under price-enhancement. Because of this concern the partial antitrust exemption granted cooperatives under the Capper-Volstead Act of 1992 is likely to re-em...

  4. Transportation Cost and Market Power of Middlemen: A Spatial Analysis of Agricultural Commodity Markets in Developing Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Suzuki, Aya; Sexton, Richard J.

    2005-01-01

    While high transportation cost and market power are long-recognized sources of market inefficiency, their analytical relation has not been established in a developing country context. In this paper, we analyze the mechanism by which lower transportation costs increase farm prices and profits by reducing marketing costs and marketing firms' exercise of oligopsony power. We utilize a two-stage game framework to demonstrate use of an endogenous financing mechanism to generate funds to improve tr...

  5. Practices and strategies to address climate and market risks in vulnerable ecosystems: Panel on collective action, participation and agricultural research

    OpenAIRE

    Valdivia, Corinne; Gilles, Jere

    2007-01-01

    A presentation about the results of a panel on collective action, participation and agricultural research within the framework of the SANREM CRSP LTR-4 project "Practices and strategies to address climate and market risks in vulnerable ecosystems". LTRA-4 (Practices and Strategies for Vulnerable Agro-Ecosystems)

  6. 湖南有机农业营销模式研究%Hunan Organic Agriculture Marketing Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石小燕

    2013-01-01

    食品安全问题已经引起公众的广泛关注,发展有机农业是解决这一问题的重要途径。湖南是我国农业大省,本研究以湖南省为研究对象,首先对湖南省有机农业的营销模式特点进行分析,然后对湖南省现有的有机农业营销模式中存在的问题进行分析,最后提出湖南省构建有机农业营销模式的对策。%Food safety issues has caused wide public concern, the development of organic agriculture is an important way to solve this problem. Hunan is a major agricultural province in this study as the research object of Hunan, first of organic agriculture in Hunan marketing model analysis of the characteristics and organic agriculture in Hunan existing marketing model to analyze the problems, finally Hunan marketing model to build organic agriculture countermeasures.

  7. Integrated Development of China’s Agricultural Labor Market from the Perspective of Convergence of Planting Industry Marginal Labor Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Longhua; YUE; Shiyuan; YANG; Rongtai; SHEN

    2013-01-01

    Using Compilation of National Cost Benefit Data of Agricultural Products in 1990-2009 and based on the convergence of planting industry marginal labor productivity,this paper studies the integration of agricultural labor market in China. Firstly,it calculates labor output elasticity of each province for wheat,japonica rice and corn. Secondly,it builds indicators reflecting change level of marginal labor productivity. Researches show that in 1990-2000,the difference level of marginal labor productivity expands. From 2000,it starts to fall and becomes more and more stable. However,due to difference of crops and farming custom,the turning point of marginal labor productivity is not consistent with each other. Even so,it is still possible to reach the conclusion that agricultural labor market is gradually integrated from 2000.

  8. Community Supported Agriculture: A Strategic Analysis of the Market and a Competency-­‐based Strategic Plan

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer, Jenny

    2012-01-01

    The Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) farming model made its first appearance in the US in the 1980s, arriving from Europe and with clear social, economic and environmental goals. From less than a dozen CSA farms in the early 1990s, the movement has now expanded to over 3,000 farms. The proliferation of this agricultural-economic model suggests a measure of success in its objectives, yet shifting market influences reveal that CSA farms are faced with a variety of challenges and strategic ...

  9. Marketing in the pre-development process of agricultural machines: a reference model Marketing no pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas: um modelo de referência

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Alexandre S.; Arno U. Dallmeyer; Leonardo N. Romano

    2012-01-01

    The theme of the research is the development of the domain of marketing knowledge in the design of agricultural machinery. It is developed throughout the design of agricultural machinery in order to identify the corporate and customers needs and to develop strategies to satisfy these needs. The central problem of the research questions which marketing tools to apply on pre-development process of farm machinery, in order to increase the market value of the products and of the company and, cons...

  10. Volatility in the international food markets: implications for global agricultural supply and for market and price policy

    OpenAIRE

    Haile, Mekbib Gebretsadik; Kalkuhl, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural countries usually produce multiple crops, but a particular area of land is allocated to the production of a certain crop. Understanding how producers make decision to allot acreage among crops and how decisions about land use are affected by changes in prices and their volatility is fundamental for both policy design and for estimation models of the behavior of agricultural producers. The profitability of a land allocated to a certain crop is affected by the volatility of the cro...

  11. Do agricultural subsidies crowd out or stimulate rural credit market institutions? The case of EU Common Agricultural Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan and Katarina Szegenyova Pokrivcak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we estimate the impact of agricultural subsidies granted under the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP on bank loans extended to farms. According to our theoretical analysis, subsidies may either stimulate or crowd out bank loans depending on the timing of subsidies, severity of credit constraint, type of subsidies and bank loans, and the relative cost of internal and external financing. In empirical analysis we use the Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN farm level panel data for the period 1995-2007. We employ the fixed effects and generalised method of moment (GMM models. The estimated results suggest that (i big farms tend to use subsidies to increase long-term loans, whereas small farms tend to use subsidies to obtain short-term loans; (ii subsidies tend to crowd out short-term loans for big farms and long-term loans for small farms; (iii when controlling for the endogeneity, the crowding out effect becomes smaller, but the positive causal effect of subsidies on bank loans remains significant.

  12. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION MARKETING PROGRAMS: HOW WELL ARE THEY INTEGRATED?

    OpenAIRE

    Brorsen, B. Wade; Anderson, Kim B.

    1999-01-01

    Extension marketing economists were surveyed to determine whether they are using available research results and whether research is being conducted on topics relevant to extension marketing economists. In some cases, the beliefs of extension marketing economists differ from recent research results. The research topics recommended by extension economists and the topics of papers presented at the 1994-97 annual NCR-134 Conference on Applied Commodity Price Analysis, Forecasting, and Market Risk...

  13. Climate Change and Agriculture: Can market governance mechanisms reduce emissions from the food system fairly and effectively?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garnett, Tara

    2012-05-15

    Climate and agriculture are inextricably linked: the climate affects agricultural production and is itself affected by agricultural emissions. Agriculture is responsible for 30 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. How agriculture is practised therefore has significant potential for mitigating climate change, for providing food security and for improving the livelihoods of millions of food producers worldwide. There is growing interest in the use of market governance mechanisms for tackling climate change by giving the financial incentives to make the kinds of changes that are required. But how widely are these mechanisms being used in agriculture, and are they effective in reducing emissions? What impact do they have on adaptation and other aspects of sustainable development? Are they able to balance the competing demands of producers and consumers, the environment and food security? The key messages emerging from this study are that economic measures have a vital part to play within this regulatory context, but they need to be designed with care. To be effective, emissions from food production and consumption must be addressed together. If not, emissions reduced in one region will simply be displaced elsewhere. A balance needs to be struck by applying a mix of approaches – regulatory, economic, voluntary, and information: no single measure will be effective in achieving emissions reductions on its own. 'Soft' measures, such as voluntary agreements and information have a part to play in providing an enabling context for action, but they must be backed up by 'harder' regulatory or economic measures. Regulation, in the form of a cap on emissions, is a prerequisite for other market governance measures to function well. To be effective, MGMs need to consider the social, cultural and economic context within which they operate.

  14. Evaluating Transmission Prices between Global Agricultural Markets and Consumers' Food Price Indices in the EU

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia-German, Sol; Garrido, Alberto; Bardaji, Isabel

    2014-01-01

    The rise of price levels and volatility of world agricultural commodities since 2006-2008 was followed by increased and more volatile food price inflation around the world. Using error correction models, this paper evaluates the velocity and extent to which world agricultural commodity price movements affect consumer food prices in the 28 EU's Member States. Results show a significant long run relationship between world agricultural commodity prices and food consumer prices in over half of th...

  15. Impacts on irrigated agriculture of changes in electricity costs resulting from Western Area Power Administration's power marketing alternatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Irrigation is a major factor in the growth of US agricultural productivity, especially in western states, which account for more than 85% of the nation's irrigated acreage. In some of these states, almost all cropland is irrigated, and nearly 50% of the irrigation is done with electrically powered pumps. Therefore, even small increases in the cost of electricity could have a disproportionate impact on irrigated agriculture. This technical memorandum examines the impacts that could result from proposed changes in the power marketing programs of the Western Area Power Administration's Salt Lake City Area Office. The changes could increase the cost of power to all Western customers, including rural municipalities and irrigation districts that rely on inexpensive federal power to pump water. The impacts are assessed by translating changes in Western's wholesale power rate into changes in the cost of pumping water as an input for agricultural production. Farmers can adapt to higher electricity prices in many ways, such as (1) using different pumping fuels, (2) adding workers and increasing management to irrigate more efficiently, and (3) growing more drought-tolerant crops. This study projects several responses, including using less groundwater and planting fewer waterintensive crops. The study finds that when dependence on Western's power is high, the cost of power can have a major effect on energy use, agricultural practices, and the distribution of planted acreage. The biggest percentage changes in farm income would occur (1) in Nevada and Utah (however, all projected changes are less than 2% of the baseline) and (2) under the marketing alternatives that represent the lowest capacity and energy offer considered in Western's Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement. The aggregate impact on farm incomes and the value of total farm production would be much smaller than that suggested by the changes in water use and planted acreage

  16. Certified Organic Agriculture in Mexico: Market Connections and Certification Practices in Large and Small Producers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tovar, Laura Gomez; Martin, Lauren; Cruz, Manuel Angel Gomez; Mutersbaugh, Tad

    2005-01-01

    Certification within organic agriculture exhibits flexibility with respect to practices used to demonstrate that a product meets published quality standards. This case study of Mexican certified-organic agriculture finds two forms. Indigenous smallholders of southern Mexico undertake a low-input, process-oriented organic farming in which…

  17. Aansluiting middelbaar agrarisch onderwijs en arbeidsmarkt 1990 [Connection between secondary agricultural education and labour market 1990

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pierik, H.J.

    1990-01-01

    Two cohorts of students finished their secondary agricultural education (MAO) in the years 1978 and 1987 were traced and they were asked to evaluate their education and their career. Agricultural background / preliminary training / residence of MAO / subject / importance of fields of study in presen

  18. Market access and agricultural production : the case of banana production in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Bagamba, F.

    2007-01-01

    Keywords: Smallholder poor farmers, market access, bananas, productivity, efficiency, labour demand, labour supply,Uganda.This study investigates the effects of factor and commodity markets on the development of the banana sub-sector in central and southwesternUganda. The study analyses smallholder household response to production constraints (crop pests and diseases, soil constraints) and development of product markets and off-farm employment opportunities. The study was carried out in centr...

  19. Peri-urban Agriculture: The Case of Market Gardening in Niamey, Niger

    OpenAIRE

    Andres, Ludovic; Lebailly, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    A study was carried out in Niamey (capital city of Niger) to explore the market gardening periurban system. This activity is an option to minimize the risk of urban food insecurity in the Republic of Niger. In Niamey, you have two traditional areas to practise the market gardening production: Gamkalle and Yantala. The investigations study the area of Gamkalle. This study revealed more than 600 market gardening producers in Gamkalle. 50 producers of Gamkalle have been interviewed. These produc...

  20. Agritourism and Direct Agricultural Marketing in Washington State: An Industry Profile

    OpenAIRE

    Gregmar Galinato; Suzette Galinato; Hayley Chouinard; Mykel Taylor; Phil Wandschneider

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this report is to take stock of the activities, motivations, impacts and challenges faced by the farms in Washington as they relate to agritourism and direct marketing. We characterize the agritourism entrepreneurship and direct marketing activities in different counties of the State through a direct survey of industry respondents. Also, we determine the extent to which Washington’s agritourism and direct marketing industry attracts local and foreign tourists. We find that th...

  1. Empirical Research on Impact of Marketization of Agricultural Products on Income of Rural Households Based on Questionnaire Survey of Rural Household

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the survey and research on rural households in Changshu City and Jiangdu City of Jiangsu Province, this paper researches the microeconomic subject-commercial decision-making and production behaviours of the rural households, under the circumstance of development of agricultural product market in different regions. We conduct random sampling questionnaire survey on the rural households in 7 villages of Changshu City and Jiangdu City, Jiangsu Province, and obtain data, in order to judge and verify the theory, explore the relationship between market development of agricultural products, behaviours of rural households and income of rural households, and establish the econometric model of impact of market of agricultural products on income per capita of rural households. The research shows that there is difference in the level of socio-economic development in different regions of Jiangsu Province, and the effect of the same factors in different regions is not quite similar; the income structure of rural households and marketization development have great impact on total income per capita of rural households; the planting structure has significant impact on agricultural income per capita. Then the countermeasures and suggestions are put forward as follows: strengthen rural marketization building and broaden sales channel; reinforce information-based building and promote transparency and openness of rural market information; adjust the production structure of rural households rationally, coordinate agricultural production activities and non-agricultural activities of rural households, and balance the planting of cash crops and grain crops.

  2. Market access and agricultural production : the case of banana production in Uganda

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bagamba, F.

    2007-01-01

    Keywords: Smallholder poor farmers, market access, bananas, productivity, efficiency, labour demand, labour supply,Uganda.This study investigates the effects of factor and commodity markets on the d

  3. Product development strategy in the Danish agricultural complex: Global interaction with clusters of marketing excellence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Preben Sander

    1992-01-01

    A study of the Danish foods industry shows that producers of food products have built up and maintain development of end-user products in interaction with customers in distant sophisticated markets. Concurrently, the Danish agro-industrial complex been singled out in other studies as a paradigmatic...... produce and utilize sticky and fastchanging information about production and markets respectively. It is precisely by not interacting wi market business-to-business demand from changing end-user market that the Danish agro-industrial complex has avoided being insulated. The managerial implication...... is that a company in search of partners for joint development in global agro-industra networks can realize a competitive advantage by applying a market view that is euclidean upstream and equidstant downstream....

  4. Research on the association benefits for the agricultural producer market manifestations

    OpenAIRE

    Turek Rahoveanu, Maria Magdalena; Gheorghe Adrian ZUGRAVU; Luiza, Cristea

    2012-01-01

    At the current stage, agricultural producers joining in association forms opens up new opportunities for economic development by attracting local, local or regional advantages and using collective power to increase prosperity of members, their families and communities to which they belong. The work is part of the rural development priorities of CAP reform 2014-2020 on the competitiveness of agriculture and farm viability. The new concept of rural development includes actions relating to: a) f...

  5. Structural Shifts in Agricultural Markets Caused by Government Mandates: Ethanol and the Renewable Fuels Standard

    OpenAIRE

    John C. Olson

    2009-01-01

    For many decades, demand for agricultural commodities has remained stagnant and its growth has been limited. In contrast, agricultural production continues to become ever more efficient by increasing output for stable or decreased inputs. Long-run profits have historically been near zero due to an ongoing relative equilibrium. But recent U.S. energy policy has changed to include a Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS), the goal of which is to boost domestic energy independence in an environmentally ...

  6. ROLE OF MARKETING IN INCREASING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biljana Veljković

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Global food market trends and astruggle for both quality and acceptable priceunder unequal competitive conditions, along withthe imposition of a new legal framework, indicateincreasing difficulty to survive, maintain currentposition or gain a better position in the developedmarket. Many Balkan countries and even new EUmember states have grasped their exportopportunities through supply of a wide array ofagricultural and food products. An important factto underline is that overproduction of most agroindustrialproducts has been reached in the foodmarket of developed countries. At the same time,developed countries have taken most of theagrarian protectionism measures in an attempt toprotect their domestic market and limit foodimports. In order to overcome customs and noncustomsbarriers in the food market of developedcountries, it is necessary to satisfy qualitystandards in terms of food safety and develop agood marketing strategy.The objective of this study was to highlight theimportance of a marketing approach in exportingagricultural and food products from the Republic ofSerbia and Republic of Srpska, specifically focusingon the need for the products to be differentiatedaccording to their brand, designation, origin andspecificities. Only such products can earnrecognition and survive in the global food market;otherwise they will fail to find their niche amongsimilar unbranded products in the abundantdeveloped market.

  7. The Effects of Defective Spatial Structure on the Agricultural Property Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bielska Anna

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Rural areas in Poland are distinguished by one of the worst spatial structures of individual land properties in the European Union. The least favourable structure occurs in the southern and south-eastern part of the country, where it results in farms losing 20-30% of their agricultural revenue. The bad spatial organisation of land is also reflected in transaction prices obtained for agricultural land. Considering criteria such as: land management, parcel area, width, and elongation (length to width ratio, and soil bonitation value, this paper determines the effect of each of the criteria separately on the development of transaction prices of agricultural land in the years 2009-2014 in selected villages in the southern part of the Cegłów (Mińsk district, Mazowieckie province, distinguished by the unfavourable spatial structure of agricultural land. Meeting this objective involved the application of the analytical capacity of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS, cadastral data base, soil-agricultural map vector, study of the conditions and directions of the spatial management of the Cegłów area, and the property price and value register. The obtained study results suggest that in areas with particularly defective spatial structure, land with parameters permitting its efficient use, i.e. with proper width and elongation is particularly valuable. Another parameter determining the level of obtained prices is the bonitation value, although it is of less importance for the analysed area than for agricultural areas with proper management conditions.

  8. The milk industry: No longer acash cow? : ”How a cause related marketing approach could help raiseawareness regarding the domestic agricultural situation in Sweden”

    OpenAIRE

    Lagerstedt, Jonas P.; Hermansson, Karl-Johan O.; Carls, Martin G.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to examine the potential effects of a cause related marketing approach inthe Swedish agricultural industry. This was done by analyzing the market potential and how an industry,through a marketing perspective, can help rejuvenate a troublesome sector, more specifically thedomestic milk sector. A mixed-method was utilized in order to answer the research question. Qualitativeinterviews with stakeholders throughout the supply chain were conducted to create greater k...

  9. Market assessment of photovoltaic power systems for agricultural applications in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steigelmann, W.; Asmon, I.

    1981-07-01

    The first year of cost-competitiveness, the market potential, and the environment in which PV systems would be marketed and employed were examined. Market elements specific to Mexico addressed include: (1) useful applications and estimates of the potential market for PV systems; (2) power requirements and load profiles for applications compatible with PV usage; (3) operating and cost characteristics of power systems that compete against PV; (4) national development goals in rural electrification and rural services, technology programs and government policies that influence the demand for PV in Mexico; (5) financing mechanisms and capital available for PV acquisition; (6) channels for distribution, installation and maintenance of PV systems; and (7) appropriate methods for conducting business in Mexico.

  10. Marketing patterns of agricultural commodities in an upland area of Central Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline M. van Ommeren

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the uplands of Central Java a wide variety of dry cultivated crops are produced for subsistence as well as for cash. The marketing channels for these crops are also diverse. The producers can choose between selling at the market place or at their farms; either to consumers or traders; or they can sell their products to wholesalers in the towns. However, this freedom of choice is not absolute and is determined by the quantity of the merchandise. Farmers/who can sell large amounts of produce are able to bypass some steps in the hierarchical order of market places or traders. Thus, producers with relatively large farmlands can sell their commodities in more profitable ways compared to those with /smaller farms. Moreover, the latter are often forced to sell their produce below market value to traders who provided them with advance or who bought the crop before harvest (tebasan, because of their need for cash

  11. Cereals Market in Romania under the Impact of the Common Agricultural Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin, Florentina

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyses the cereals market after Romania accession to European Union. Thus, I considered necessary and appropriate to achieve the dynamic analysis of production, prices, trade, consumption, and self-sufficiency that provides an overview on the evolution of the cereals market in Romania, in the European context, starting from resources representing the demand, to the uses that represent the supply. I also point out the main mechanisms and support instruments for th...

  12. Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, Peter

    1987-01-01

    Explores the role of marketing in the modern firm and the key tasks of marketing management. Defines the term "marketing" and discusses it as an economic concept. Discusses three key marketing principals. (RKM)

  13. Analysis of a Japan government intervention on the domestic agriculture market

    CERN Document Server

    Vitanov, N K; Jordanov, I P; Managi, S; Demura, K; Vitanov, Nikolay K.; Sakai, Kenshi; Jordanov, Ivan P.; Managi, Shunsuke; Demura, Katsuhiko

    2006-01-01

    We investigate an economic system in which one large agent - the Japan government changes the environment of numerous smaller agents - the Japan agriculture producers by indirect regulation of prices of agriculture goods. The reason for this intervention was that before the oil crisis in 1974 Japan agriculture production prices exhibited irregular and large amplitude changes. By means of analysis of correlations and a combination of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and time delay phase space construction (TDPSC) we study the influence of the government measures on the domestic piglet prices and production in Japan. We show that the government regulation politics was successful and leaded (i) to a decrease of the nonstationarities and to increase of predictability of the piglet price; (ii) to a coupling of the price and production cycles; (iii) to increase of determinism of the dynamics of the fluctuations of piglet price around the year average price. The investigated case...

  14. The Impact of RMB Exchange Rate on Agricultural Food Prices in Emerging Market

    OpenAIRE

    Li Zhou

    2015-01-01

    With the development of economic globalization, the economic ties between countries in the world more and more closely, prices and the exchange rate are the core economic variables in an open economy. In this study, we make a statistical analysis of RMB real effective exchange rate and agricultural food prices data from the year of 1990 to 2014. From the empirical analysis, the result shows that RMB real effective exchange rate will effect on agricultural food prices. LnREER at lag 1 period i...

  15. An Approach to Determining the Market for Academic Positions: Application to the Discipline of Agricultural Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrell, Terence; Casavant, Ken; Jessup, Eric

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present issues that are relevant to pursuing an academic career in the chosen discipline of each student. The application will be a general case study of agricultural economics. The analytical model will be used to evaluate options for Ph.D. graduates in a supply and demand context. The first issue presented is a…

  16. The Impact of RMB Exchange Rate on Agricultural Food Prices in Emerging Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available With the development of economic globalization, the economic ties between countries in the world more and more closely, prices and the exchange rate are the core economic variables in an open economy. In this study, we make a statistical analysis of RMB real effective exchange rate and agricultural food prices data from the year of 1990 to 2014. From the empirical analysis, the result shows that RMB real effective exchange rate will effect on agricultural food prices. LnREER at lag 1 period increased one percentage can drive LnAFP growth by 0.015%; LnREER at lag 2 period increased one percentage can drive LnAFP growth by 0.187%, so the effect of RMB real effective exchange rate on agricultural food prices is obvious. Based on granger causality test, it shows that LnREER is the granger reason to LnAFP, which means RMB real effective exchange rate is the reason to agricultural food prices increase. On this basis, we have put forward relevant policy suggestions.

  17. Agricultural Business Sales and Marketing. Instructor's Guide. Volume 16, Number 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Bob R.; And Others

    This curriculum guide, intended for junior and senior students of vocational agriculture, contains nine units designed to develop competencies needed in agribusiness. Each unit contains 3 to 11 lessons on topics that include the nature of agribusiness, human relations in agribusiness, verbal and written communication, selling and salesmanship,…

  18. Reviving Sri Lanka's Agricultural Research and Extension System : Towards More Innovation and Market Orientation

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank, (WB)

    2007-01-01

    This review's objectives were to examine the structure and performance of the agricultural research and extension systems (public and private) at the central and provincial levels, identify successes as well as constraints to improving the system s effectiveness for fostering innovation, and propose options for further policy and institutional development, drawing on lessons from internati...

  19. Agricultural market access proposals in the Doha round : Dutch agro-food interests

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, M.H.; Banse, M.A.H.

    2007-01-01

    This report analyses the impact of market access proposals tabled in the current WTO Doha round. The first part of the study assesses the 'bite' of tariff reductions by comparing border prices of Dutch products with those of imports before and after implementing tariff reductions. The second part of

  20. Corn Production and Marketing. An Instructional Unit for Teachers of Adult Vocational Education in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Clyde, Jr.; Iverson, Maynard J.

    The instructional unit designed to develop the effective ability of farmers to produce, harvest, store, and market corn profitably is structured in 11 lessons. The unit was developed as a guide for use by teachers in planning and conducting young farmer or adult farmer classes. The specific topic areas include varieties of corn, principles of…

  1. Competences and employability of Erasmus Mundus Graduates in Agriculture on the Asian Market.

    OpenAIRE

    Kalinová, Kateřina

    2013-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with the evaluating of the Erasmus Mundus study programmes. The focus of this study is oriented to the evaluation of the success of the graduates who completed the study programmes which are specialized on the fields of the studies related to agriculture, sustainable development, environmental studies, water management and other environmental studies and deals with the students from Asian countries. In the survey were selected 8 countries: Cambodia, China, Thailand, V...

  2. WILL MARKET PRICES ENHANCE CHINESE AGRICULTURE?: A TEST OF REGIONAL COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE

    OpenAIRE

    Zhong, Funing; Carter, Colin A.

    1991-01-01

    China is the world's largest producer and consumer of food. In the past, China's governmental policy advocated regional self-sufficiency in agricultural production, and it is generally believed that regional self-sufficiency was enforced at high economic cost. However, this changed with the 1979 economic reforms which encouraged some regional specialization. It is expected that there may be further shifts in regional production patterns and interregional trade flows. This article uses data on...

  3. Conflict between Water Buffalo and Market-Oriented Agriculture: A Case Study from Northern Laos

    OpenAIRE

    TAKAI, Yasuhiro; SIBOUNHEUANG, Thanongsone

    2010-01-01

    This paper is a case study of the decline of water buffalo husbandry under the pressure ofland use change in contemporary northern Laos. Since 2000, with the spread of marketorientedagriculture and the implementation of land use zoning, fallow areas suitable forgrazing have been squeezed leading to a conflict between grazers and cultivators. Localgovernment has prohibited the former from allowing their livestock to graze freely in theareas designated for commercial agriculture, encouraging th...

  4. Analysis of a Japan government intervention on the domestic agriculture market

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitanov, Nikolay K.; Sakai, Kenshi; Jordanov, Ivan P.; Managi, Shunsuke; Demura, Katsuhiko

    2007-08-01

    We investigate an economic system in which one large agent-the Japan government changes the environment of numerous smaller agents-the Japan agriculture producers by indirect regulation of prices of agriculture goods. The reason for this intervention was that before the oil crisis in 1974 Japan agriculture production prices exhibited irregular and large amplitude changes. By means of analysis of correlations and a combination of singular spectrum analysis (SSA), principal component analysis (PCA), and time delay phase space construction (TDPSC) we study the influence of the government measures on the domestic piglet prices and production in Japan. We show that the government regulation politics was successful and lead: (i) to a decrease of the nonstationarities and to increase of predictability of the piglet price; (ii) to a coupling of the price and production cycles; and (iii) to increase of determinism of the dynamics of the fluctuations of piglet price around the year average price. The investigated case is an example confirming the thesis that a large agent can change in a significant way the environment of the small agents in complex (economic or financial) systems which can be crucial for their survival or extinction.

  5. 7 CFR 1218.11 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1218.11 Section 1218.11 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... Market or marketing. (a) Marketing means the sale or other disposition of blueberries in any channel...

  6. Developing agricultural markets in sub-Saharan Africa: organic cocoa in rural Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Sam; Gibbon, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Abstract This paper investigates the process of development in a traditional African export market, focussing on a contract farming scheme for organic cocoa in rural Uganda. Based on a repeated household survey, we measure the impact of the scheme on the income of participants and the economic mechanisms behind these effects. We find substantial benefits from the scheme, driven primarily by the establishment of credible incentives for farmers to adopt technologies which improve coc...

  7. 农产品企业网络营销问题及对策%Problems and Countermeasures of Enterprises' Network Marketing of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石玺

    2013-01-01

    目前国内农业企业普遍存在着网络营销观念意识淡薄、人才缺乏、网络营销水平低下、网站推广不力等诸多问题;而要解决这些问题的就必须加强农业企业管理人员培训,树立正确网络营销意识;建设专业化网络营销队伍,提升服务水平;采用信息发布、第三方网络营销平台、Email营销等方法提高网络营销水平;建设农业企业网站并搭建企业自己的网络品牌.%At present, it has widespread problems in domestic agricultural enterprises, such as laek of Internet marketing concept consciousness and human resource, the low level of network marketing, ineffective website promotion; And to solve these problems, we must strengthen the training management personnel of agricultural enterprise, sets up the correct network marketing consciousness; build professional network marketing team, improve the service level; adopt to information release, the third party network marketing platform, Email marketing and other methods to enhance the level of network marketing; set up agricultural enterprise web site and build own network brand.

  8. 区域特色农产品的营销创新%Regional Characteristics of the Marketing of Agricultural Products Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗雪梅

    2012-01-01

    The regional characteristics advantages in resources to translate into real economic advantage,it is necessary to implement innovative marketing of agricultural products,through the innovation of the agricultural marketing organization,marketing strategy,innovation,innovative transactions and other ways to create a unique competitive edge to achieve agricultural industry and farmers increase production.%区域特色资源优势要转化为现实的经济优势,就必须在农产品的营销上实施创新,通过农产品营销组织的创新、营销策略的创新、交易方式的创新等途径打造独特的竞争力,实现农业产业化和农民的增产增收。

  9. TRENDS OF THE RURAL LABOUR MARKET AND AGRICULTURAL HUMAN POTENTIAL EVOLUTION UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DEMOGRAPHIC PHENOMENA IN THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica PRISACARU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this investigation was to study the correlative aspects in the evolution of demographic phenomena, labour market in the rural space and human potential from agriculture in the Republic of Moldova. As methodological tools there were used the economic analysis, synthesis, generalization, concretization and reasoning. As a result of our research there have been highlighted correlative trends of the demographic phenomena and basic indicators of the labour market in the rural areas. Also, it was analyzed the human potential from agriculture, underlying the same trends in its evolution, as in the evolution of the labour market in the rural space. The main conclusion of the investigation consists in the need to develop more effective mechanisms to solve the demographic problems especially in the rural areas of the Republic of Moldova, thus being also created prerequisites to improve the negative phenomena manifested in the evolution of human potential from agriculture.

  10. Is the choice of a farm’s commercial market an indicator of agricultural intensity? Conventional and short food supply chains in periurban farming systems

    OpenAIRE

    Rosalia Filippini; Elisa Marraccini; Sylvie Lardon; Enrico Bonari

    2016-01-01

    Short food supply chains (SFSCs) have been identified as an economic opportunity for agriculture under urban pressure, as well as drivers for more sustainable farming systems. However, few studies have focused on the intensity of periurban farms that participate in such SFSCs, compared with the performance of the other farms. In this paper, we examined the relationship between agricultural intensity and the market orientation in a representative sample of farms in the urban area of Pisa (Ital...

  11. POLITICS AND MARKETS IN THE ARTICULATION OF PREFERENCES FOR ATTRIBUTES OF THE RAPIDLY CHANGING FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SECTORS: FRAMING THE ISSUES

    OpenAIRE

    Abdalla, Charles W.; Shaffer, James D.

    1997-01-01

    Industrialization of the food and agricultural sectors changes the pattern of external effects. Participants helped or harmed in the process attempt to influence outcomes through markets and politics. Decisions about property rights and boundaries determine benefits and burdens and the relative cost of animal agriculture in different jurisdictions. Prescriptions to redefine property rights are influenced by selective perception of rights to share in the benefits and be protected from costs. P...

  12. 我国农产品网络营销体系构建研究%Research on Construction of Agricultural Product Network Marketing System in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王硕非; 孔庆文

    2011-01-01

    从农村基础设施、信息网络、物流配送、农产品标准化、农产品网络营销人才5个方面论述了我国发展农产品网络营销的制约因素,相应地提出了基于信息共享体系、市场体系、物流配送体系、保障体系和支撑体系的我国农产品网络营销体系构建策略,以期对解决我国农产品“卖难”问题有所帮助.%The factors restraining the development of agricultural product network marketing system were elaborated from five aspects of rural infrastructure, information network, logistics distribution, agricultural products standardization, agricultural products network marketing personnel, then the strategies were proposed for constructing agricultural products network marketing network based on information sharing system , market system, logistics distribution system, security system and support system, aiming to solve the difficulties in the sales of agricultural products.

  13. 吉林省农产品网络营销中的问题及对策研究%Problems and Countermeasures of Jilin Agricultural Network Marketing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丹

    2015-01-01

    With the popularity of the Internet, the importance of network marketing, more and more obvious. Firstly, network marketing for agricultural products were defined, and analyzes its relevant characteristics. On this basis, for the marketing of agricultural products in Jilin Province networks are analyzed, Jilin Province in agricultural marketing issues. Finally Jilin Agricultural marketing network problems put forward relevant countermeasures.%随着互联网的普及,网络营销的重要性越来越明显.本文首先对于农产品网络营销进行了界定,并分析了其相关特征.在此基础上,对于吉林省农产品网络营销现状进行了分析,提出了吉林省农产品网络营销中的问题.最后针对吉林省农产品网络营销中存在的问题,提出了相关的对策.

  14. Impact of the world agricultural grocery markets on self-development of regional agrarian systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veniamin Vasil'evich Drokin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the impact of foreign economic grocery relations on the state of self-development and self-regulation in the agrarian sector of the country and regions. A definition of the concept of «self-regulation of the agrarian sector in the region» is given. The characteristic of long-term trends in food independence is given. In this regard, the current state of food self-sufficiency in the regions of Russia on essential grocery is analyzed. It is concluded that the majority of regions are characterized by low levels of selfsufficiency in grocery. The main trends of Russian food exports in recent years are shown. The reasons for the sharp growth in grain exports are analyzed. The estimation of the possibilities for further increase of exports of these products in connection with the planned growth of consumption and production of staple food as predicted by the Russian government is made. In general, the authors believe that low levels of food self-sufficiency of the country may be not only at significant food imports, but also at low volumes of imports, coupled with the high volume of agricultural exports. Accordingly, in both cases the possibility of selfdevelopment of the regional agrarian scope is undermined because of the influence of external factors (low levels of food self-sufficiency in the country.

  15. 7 CFR 1212.14 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1212.14 Section 1212.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING..., Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry Information Order Definitions § 1212.14 Market or marketing....

  16. Marketing in the pre-development process of agricultural machines: a reference model Marketing no pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas: um modelo de referência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre S. de Oliveira

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The theme of the research is the development of the domain of marketing knowledge in the design of agricultural machinery. It is developed throughout the design of agricultural machinery in order to identify the corporate and customers needs and to develop strategies to satisfy these needs. The central problem of the research questions which marketing tools to apply on pre-development process of farm machinery, in order to increase the market value of the products and of the company and, consequently, generate competitive advantage to the manufacturers of agricultural machinery. As methodology, it was developed bibliographical research and multicase study of the development process of agricultural machinery developed by small, medium and large companies and the academy. As a result, a marketing reference model was elaborated for the pre-development stage of agricultural machinery, which outlines the activities, tasks, mechanisms and controls that can be used in strategic planning and in products planning of agricultural machinery manufacturers, contributing to explain the explicit knowledge in the marketing field.O tema de pesquisa é o desenvolvimento do domínio de conhecimento de marketing no projeto de máquinas agrícolas. Este é desenvolvido ao longo do projeto de máquinas agrícolas a fim de identificar as necessidades dos clientes e da corporação e criar estratégias para que sejam satisfeitas. O problema central de pesquisa questiona quais mecanismos de marketing utilizar no processo de pré-desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas, para aumentar o valor de mercado dos produtos e da empresa e, conseqüentemente, gerar um diferencial competitivo às fabricantes de máquinas agrícolas. Como metodologia desenvolveu-se pesquisas bibliográficas e estudo de multicasos do processo de desenvolvimento de máquinas agrícolas desenvolvido pelas pequenas, médias e grandes empresas e pela academia. Como resultado elaborou-se um modelo

  17. 基于网络视角的农产品营销策略%Marketing Strategies of Agricultural Products from the Prospective of Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明骞; 陈爱兰

    2012-01-01

    伴随网络和通讯技术的快速发展,网络经济方兴未艾,网络营销逐渐进入人们的视野,并推动了农产品网络营销的发展。福建省三明市以其得天独犀的自然条件,农产品产业发展态势良好,但受限于传统的营销模式,未能走出一条农业产业化新路子。三明市必须适应市场变化。及时转变传统营销模式,大力推进农产品网络营销,并从加快农村信息化建设、建立农产品标准化体系、完善农产品物流系统和提升务农人员的整体素质等方面推进农产品网络营销。%Accompanied by the rapid development of network and communication technologies, network economy is in the ascendant, and network marketing is also gradually enter people's vision, which are promoting the development of the network marketing of agricultural products. The developing status of agricultural industry in Sanming city of Fujian province is favorable because of its unique natural conditions. However, it is limited by the traditional marketing model and has not founded a new way of agricultural industrialization. Sanming must adapt to market changes, timely change the traditional marketing mode, push forward the network marketing of agricultural products vigorously. In order to promote the network marketing of agricultural products, Sanming must speed up the rural informatization construction, build the agricultural product standardization system, perfect the agricultural products logistics system and improve farm workers' overall quality and so on.

  18. Exploration of the Socialized Marketing Approach to Agricultural Products%农产品社会化营销途径探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯岚

    2012-01-01

    Socialized marketing has entered the stage of application research in agriculture in China,aiming at solving problems in the marketing of agricultural products,e.g.,high cost,low transparency,and divorce of production from marketing.The interactive,sharing,and spontaneous features of this marketing strategy can help agricultural entrepreneurs accurately identify customers,form a network brand,and address the conflicts between supply and demand. This article argues that there are currently three directions which can be explored activeiy:(a) the play of the application platforms of the comprehensive social networks,(b)the exploration of the socialized marketing model for the cellphone terminai,and(c)the selection of differentiated agricultural products to conduct the socialized marketing.%社会化营销在国内已经进入行业应用研究阶段,针对农产品营销中的高成本、低透明度、产销脱节等问题,社会化营销互动、分享、自发的特质能够帮助农产品精准识别客户、形成网络品牌、解决供需矛盾。本文认为,开发综合类社交网络的行业应用平台,开拓手机终端的社会化营销模式、选择差异化农产品开展社会化营销是目前可积极探索的方向。

  19. A Survey of Environment and Demands Along with a Marketing Communications Plan for WatPutthabucha Market to Promote Agricultural Tourism through Main Media and Online Social Network Media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuntida Thamwipat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed to examine the current environment and the demands and to make a marketing communications plan for WatPuttabucha Market to promote agricultural tourism through main media and online social network media. Moreover, it was aimed to build up working experiences for research with communities near the campus through the integration of course instruction and community service. The data were collected in the second term of academic year 2012 between January and February 2013 in WatPuttabucha Market and nearby communities. There were 2 sampling groups as in King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi students (50 persons and WatPuttabucha Market and nearby community members (50 persons. In total, there were 100 persons for the survey. This collection was based on an accidental basis. According to the data concerning the environment, WatPuttabucha Market had 9 interesting shops for agricultural tourism and 4 major tourist attractions. As for the demands, it was found that 47 students (or 94% would like WatPuttabucha Market to be open as a site for agricultural tourism mainly on Saturday and Sunday. 47 persons from WatPuttabucha Market and nearby communities (or 94% also would like it to be open mainly on Saturday and Sunday. As for the communicative plan, it was found that there were 7 kinds of main media. There were 5 kinds of online social network media for check-in special events. The majority of students (mean score of 4.89 and standard deviation of 0.86 agreed with the integration of research in their Marketing Communication course because it allowed them to get more familiar with communities near the campus and recommended continuing this similar project for the next year.

  20. 对我国农业再保险市场的探析%The Analysis of Chinese Agriculture Reinsurance Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    麦晓华

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural insurance in China runs bad and the development of agricultural reinsurance is slow currently. In the past ten years, our government pmmulgatod a number of agricultural reinsurance supporting policy, but the lack of laws and regulations, management main body and technology restricts the development of agricultural reinsurance market, therefore agricultural reinsurance system has not really been built. Our country can accelerate the pace of the construction of laws and regulations, take a legislative mode by adding agricultural reinsurance law to agricultural insurance law, and formulate an agricultural reinsurance contract legal system. At the same time, the government may establish a national agricultural reinsurance company, an agricultural insurance data center and an agriculttLral reinsurance broker, and strengthen to train agricultural reinsurance talents.%当前我国农业保险经营状况不甚理想,农业再保险发展更是缓慢。过去的近十年里,政府出台了一些农业再保险的支持政策,但法律法规、经营主体及技术的缺失制约了农业再保险市场的发展,农业再保险体系仍未真正建成。我国可以加快法律法规建设的步伐,采取农业保险和农业再保险合并立法的模式,并制定农业再保险合同法律制度。同时,政府可成立国家农业再保险公司、农业保险数据中心及农业再保险经纪公司,并加强农业再保险人才的培养。

  1. PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL OF THE ROLE OF CYCLE TRADERS IN THE MARKETING OF AGRICULTURAL STAPLES IN MAMU, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Olubanjo, O.O.; Womiloju, S.O.; Akanni, Kassim Adekunle

    2004-01-01

    The study analyzed the performance of cycle traders in the marketing of foodstuffs in Mamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. A survey was carried out in the boundary market over five cycle market days across one hundred and fifty (150) foodstuffs traders. Cycle traders were grouped into fifteen (15) homogenous foodstuffs trading categories. Descriptive analytical tools were then used to analyse the socio-demographic characteristics of foodstuffs marketers in the market. Further, quantitative analytical t...

  2. 7 CFR 1206.12 - Market or marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market or marketing. 1206.12 Section 1206.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.12 Market or...

  3. Strategies for implementing Climate Smart Agriculture and creating marketable Greenhouse emission reduction credits, for small scale rice farmers in Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahuja, R.; Kritee, K.; Rudek, J.; Van Sanh, N.; Thu Ha, T.

    2014-12-01

    Industrial agriculture systems, mostly in developed and some emerging economies, are far different from the small holder farms that dot the landscapes in Asia and Africa. At Environmental Defense Fund, along with our partners from non-governmental, corporate, academic and government sectors and farmers, we have worked actively in India and Vietnam for the last four years to better understand how small scale farmers working on rice paddy (and other upland crops) cultivation can best deal with climate change. Some of the questions we have tried to answer are: What types of implementable best practices, both old and new, on small farm systems lend themselves to improved yields, farm incomes, climate resilience and mitigation? Can these practices be replicated everywhere or is the change more landscape and people driven? What are the institutional, cultural, financial and risk-perception related barriers that prevent scaling up of these practices? How do we innovate and overcome these barriers? The research community needs to work more closely together and leverage multiple scientific, economic and policy disciplines to fully answer these questions. In the case of small farm systems, we find that it helps to follow certain steps if the climate-smart (or low carbon) farming programs are to succeed and the greenhouse credits generated are to be marketed: Demographic data collection and plot demarcation Farmer networks and diaries Rigorous baseline determination via surveys Alternative practice determination via consultation with local universities/experts Measurements on representative plots for 3-4 years (including GHG emissions, yields, inputs, economic and environmental savings) to help calibrate biogeochemical models and/or calculate regional emission factors. Propagation of alternative practices across the landscape via local NGOs/governments Recording of parameters necessary to extrapolate representative plot GHG emission reductions to all farmers in a given

  4. EVALUATION OF EXTERNAL MARKET EFFECTS AND GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION IN MALAYSIA'S AGRICULTURAL SECTOR: A COMPUTABLE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM FRAMEWORK

    OpenAIRE

    Yeah, Kim Leng; Yanagida, John F.; Yamauchi, Hiroshi

    1993-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of changes in the external trade environment and domestic economic policies on the agricultural development of Malaysia. The scope of this research also includes providing further insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the computable general equilibrium (CGE) methodology for agricultural policy analysis. The first analysis focuses on the export agriculture sector which encompasses Malaysia's two primary agricultural commodities, rubb...

  5. TECHNICAL ANALYSIS BY THE JAPANESE CANDLES METHOD ON THE EXAMPLE OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETS ANALIZA TECHNICZNA METODA SWIEC JAPONSKICH NA PRZYKLADZIE RYNK ROLNYCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANNA JAKUBCZAK

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The key goal of work was to study of basic information possibilities of the Japanese Candles method and to present its usefulness to make decisions on agricultural markets. The method is a result of the evolution of methods of technical analysis, which lasted for centuries. The usefulness of this method to make decisions is high, but significantly affect have the ability to interpret the observed signals and taking into account the specificities of agricultural markets.Celem opracowania bylo zbadanie podstawowych mozliwosci informacyjnych metody swiec japonskich oraz przedstawienie jej przydatnosci do podejmowania decyzji na rynkach rolnych. Zaprezentowano zwiezla ewolucje metod analizy technicznej oraz scharakteryzowano podstawowe narzedzia metody swiec japonskich, takie jak objecie bessy i hossy, pojedyncze swiece i ich formacje dajace sygnal do wycofania z rynku, doji , luki oraz formacje kontynuacji trendu.

  6. Improved (ERTS) information and its impact on U.S. markets for agricultural commodities: A quantitiative economic investigation of production, distribution and net export effects

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-01-01

    An econometric investigation into the markets for agricultural commodities is summarized. An overview of the effort including the objectives, scope, and architecture of the analysis and the estimation strategy employed is presented. The major empirical results and policy conclusions are set forth. These results and conclusions focus on the economic importance of improved crop forecasts, U.S. exports, and government policy operations. A number of promising avenues of further investigation are suggested.

  7. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During......Agricultural support is a very important element in agricultural policy in many countries. Agricultural support is basically an instrument to meet the overall objectives of the agricultural policy – objectives set by society. There are a great number of instruments and ways of intervention...... in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...

  8. The carbon markets: which place for the french agriculture; Les marches du carbone: quelle place pour l'agriculture francaise?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-02-15

    Even its positive role of carbon sequestration in the biomass by photosynthesis, the agriculture sector is responsible of about 20% of the french greenhouse gases emissions. Actions aim to reduce these emissions. This study allows the exploration of technic of reduction to reveal those which combine voluntarism, actors responsibility and economic profitability. It constitutes necessary work to better understand the greenhouse gases stakes in the agriculture and develop inventive projects. It offers also actions to implement by the public authorities to create success conditions of described mechanisms. (A.L.B.)

  9. The Impact of the Agricultural Trade Liberalization on the Elements of the Marketing Mix of Fruit and Vegetables in BIH

    OpenAIRE

    Dončić, Dalibor; Nastić, Rade

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we analyzed in detail elements of the marketing mix of fruit and vegetables, therefore this product, price, distribution, promotion and people in Bosnia and Herzegovina, after seven years of liberal market within CEFTA. Each element of the marketing mix is analyzed for the most important vegetable species (cabbage, onions, peppers, tomatoes) and fruit species (apple, pear, plum). The analyzed elements of the marketing mix are compared with the characteristics of the elements of...

  10. The Emergence and Development of Green High-end Agricultural Market%绿色高端农业市场的出现和发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨勇岩

    2011-01-01

    With the development of market economy, market segmentation not only exists in commercial operation, the traditional agriculture is gradually differentiated from the low-end to development, especially the recent emergence of the green high-end agricultural markets and the impact of production and consumption has the increasing tendency obviously, and the emergence of this market will bring the impact of new ideas to the farming (aquaculture), brokers and consumers, and present vitality.%随着市场经济的发展,市场细分不仅存在于商业运营中,传统的农业也逐步从低端向差异化发展,特别是近期绿色高端农业市场的出现及对生产和消费产生的影响趋势愈加明显,而这一市场的出现将对农业种植(养殖)、中间商和消费者带来新的观念冲击,并呈现出勃勃生机.

  11. Factor Markets in Applied Equilibrium Models: The current state and planned extensions towards an improved presentation of factor markets in agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Shutes, L.J.; Rothe, A.; Banse, M.A.H.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes how factor markets are presented in applied equilibrium models and how we plan to improve and to extend the presentation of factor markets in two specific models: MAGNET and ESIM. We do not argue that partial equilibrium models should become more ‘general’ in the sense of integr

  12. 7 CFR 1216.14 - Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1216.14 Market. Market means..., marketing, distributing, or otherwise placing peanuts into commerce....

  13. The impact of marketing systems on soil sustainability of agriculture in developing countries : a method and an application

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Castaño, J.; Meulenberg, M.T.G.; Tilburg, van A.

    2005-01-01

    This article is concerned with soil-sustainability problems of agriculture in developing countries, in particular with soil erosion. The aim of our study is to develop a comprehensive model that explains the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices with respect to soil conservation. Our approa

  14. New Marketing Channel for Special Local Agricultural Products in Anhui Province%安徽省特色农产品营销渠道创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王亮; 雷勋平

    2012-01-01

    In Anhui Province, special local agricultural products represent local brands and play an importanl and leading role in forming the agricultural product structure and in increasing farmers' income. The marketing channels for thesc products have been basically formed, but there arc still some problems. We have conducted extensive researches in major areas of the province and in this paper we put forward new strategies concerning marketing channels of these products in the hope to promote development of agricultural businesses and further increase farmers' income.%特色农产品在安徽省整个农产品结构中发挥着重要的引领作用,是地方农产品品牌的代表,其产业发展对于农民增收具有重要的推动作用。安徽省特色农产品营销渠道虽已初步形成,但尚存在一些问题。本课题组通过对安徽省典型地区进行广泛调研,提出安徽省特色农产品渠道创新策略,希望促进农民的增收和农业企业的发展。

  15. Bio-energy utilizes surplusses at the agricultural commodity markets. Large potentials of the biomass; Bioenergie verwertet Ueberschuesse an den Agrarmaerkten. Grosse Potenziale der Biomasse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-03-19

    At the beginning of spring in the northern hemisphere, the situation in agricultural markets relaxes visibly. After the year 2012 was characterized by periods of drought in the United States and some Eastern European countries, in recent months good harvests in major producing countries in the southern hemisphere have provided that the stocks of major agricultural commodities are grown again. Thus, enough resources are still available for the supply of food and energy. There still exists land potential in Europe and on other continents for the use of bio-energy. In addition to new power plant crops, known arable crop cultures contribute to the exploration of such a potential: An example of this is the sugar beet. The view on the global supply balance in agricultural goods inter alia the major staple food rice shows that there exist large surpluses on the food markets. However, these surpluses do not benefit the hungry persons in the world. Hunger is a problem of distribution which is not associated with the growth of bio-energy.

  16. Agricultural Marketing in a Country in Transition : Case of Sweetpotato Products in Sichuan P.R. China

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, X.Y.

    1999-01-01

    China's achievements in its reform from a centrally planned economy toward a marketing economy during the last two decades are substantial. Although it still has a long way to go to reach its targeted aims, half of China's economy is now 'marketised, or is responsive to market forces (Lawrence, 1998

  17. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  18. 云南农产品在东盟市场的竞争力研究%Research on Competitiveness of Yunnan Agriculture Products in ASEAN Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珂; 张利军; 李丽

    2015-01-01

    论文采用贸易竞争力指数、显性比较优势指数对云南与东盟国家2004—2013年的农产品外贸竞争力进行比较分析,结果显示云南农产品在东盟市场上具有一定的竞争力,但近年这种竞争优势在下降;通过贸易竞争(互补)度分析还发现,云南与东盟部分国家在农产品贸易结构上具有很强的互补性,但同时与泰国、越南等国存在激烈的竞争。并就如何进一步提升云南农产品在东盟市场上的竞争力提出了建议。%This paper carried out an analysis on the agricultural trade competitiveness between Yunnan and ASEAN countries from 2004 to 2013 by the Trade Competitiveness Index and Revealed Comparative Advantage Index in this paper.The results showed that Yunnan has a certain competitive agricultural products in the ASEAN market, but there is a downward trend in recent years.Through Trade Competi-tion ( Complementary ) degree analysis we also found that Yunnan is highly complementary with some ASEAN countries in agricultural trade structure, however, has a fierce competition with Thailand and Vi-etnam.This paper also proposes on how to further enhance the agricultural products competitiveness of Yunnan in ASEAN market.

  19. Food Marketing and Pricing Policy in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons for Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Access to Food

    OpenAIRE

    Jayne, Thomas S.; Jones, Stephen P.

    1996-01-01

    This study surveys the empirical record of grain marketing and pricing policy in selected Eastern and Southern Africa countries. The paper addresses five key issues with major implications for food policy in Africa: (a) why the anticipated supply response to market liberalization has not yet occurred; (b) why the common assumption of state taxation of farmers to support a cheap food policy does not apply in most of these countries; (c) why the temporary successes of the state-led approach to ...

  20. Food-Carbon Trade-offs between Agriculture and Reforestation Land Uses under Alternate Market-based Policies

    OpenAIRE

    Brett Anthony. Bryan; Stacey Paterson

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the effects of payments on the adoption of reforestation in agricultural areas and the associated food-carbon trade-offs is necessary to inform climate change policy. Economic viability of reforestation under payment per hectare and payment per tonne schemes for carbon sequestration was assessed in a region in southern Australia supporting 6.1 Mha of rain-fed agriculture. The results show that under the median scenario, a carbon price of 27 A$/tCO2-e could make one-third of the ...

  1. Beyond the census. Reconstructing Dutch women's labour market participation in agriculture in the Netherlands, ca. 1830–1910

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederveen Meerkerk, van E.J.V.; Paping, R.

    2014-01-01

    Many historians have pointed out for various countries that nineteenth-century national censuses do not accurately reflect women's economic activity. This was no different for the Dutch national censuses. In this article, we argue that under-recording was especially severe in agriculture, and that t

  2. The Battle Between "Good" and "Better": a Strategic Marketing Perspective on Codes of Conduct for Sustainable Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ingenbleek, P.T.M.; Meulenberg, M.T.G.

    2006-01-01

    Code-of-conduct organizations (CCOs) for sustainable agriculture, such as Fair Trade and Eurep-Gap, are rapidly changing the face of agribusiness. Yet, there is little understanding of how these organizations contribute to sustainability. This study therefore presents a case study of the strategies

  3. TARGET PRICES, PAYMENT LIMITS AND NON-MARKET CONCERNS IN THE DESIGN OF U.S. AGRICULTURAL POLICY

    OpenAIRE

    Hueth, Brent

    1998-01-01

    This paper examines the motivations underlying the government's choice of particular policy mechanisms for subsidizing agriculture. The analysis suggests that policies involving overproduction by relatively high-cost producers might arise from the perceived connection between the existence of relatively inefficient farm operations, and the preservation or sustainability of rural communities.

  4. 7 CFR 985.9 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 985.9 Section 985.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING...

  5. 7 CFR 985.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 985.50 Section 985.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING ORDER REGULATING...

  6. STUDY ON MARKET REGULATION OF AGRICULTURAL WATER RESOURCE URBANIZATION%水资源“农转非”的市场调节研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄红光; 戎丽丽; 胡继连

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, with the rapid development of urban and industry economy, the agricultural water resources urbanization was very serious, which improved the overall economic value of water resources, but the low efficiency and " rent - seeking" caused by the administrative " transfer" had become more serious in the process of water rights conversion. This paper suggested that it should regulate the agricultural water resource urbanization by introducing market mechanism, then put forward some countermeasures including compensatory transfer of agricultural water right, enhancing the price regulation role, and improving government supervision.%近些年来,随着城市和工业经济的迅速发展,水资源“农转非”现象严重,虽然从总体上提高了水资源的经济价值,但是水权转换过程中行政“平调”所引发的低效率和“寻租”问题也日益突出.该文设想引入市场机制调节水资源“农转非”关系,提出了农用水权有偿转让、让价格起主导调节作用,政府对水权转换的主体、客体、价格及程序进行监督管理等运作要点.

  7. 农产品营销渠道的构建及发展趋势研究%RESEARCH ON BUILDING AND DEVELOPING TREND OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS MARKETING CHANNEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡创业

    2015-01-01

    随着现代农业及现代农业流通体系在世界范围内的发展,我国的农产品营销渠道模式也发生着剧烈变化.在传统的农产品营销渠道模式下,农户与传统批发商、村镇小商贩、集贸市场及粮油副食零售构成了农产品营销渠道的主体,因渠道成员普遍规模较小、相互协作较少,其渠道能力明显不足以应对不断发展的农产品消费市场.农业现代化的发展与农产品市场规模的扩张,使得农产品营销渠道必然走向与现代超市、零售企业、大型农产品经销商、农产品加工及农产品物流企业密切协作的新型高效率农产品营销渠道.文章列举了农产品营销渠道构建的影响因素,继而分析了农产品营销的现有渠道模式与营销渠道建设中存在的问题,在此基础上,提出建设一体化农产品营销渠道、创新农产品营销渠道交易方式及建设规模化经营的现代批发商是发展农产品营销渠道的必然趋势.%With the development of modern agriculture and modern agricultural circulation system in the world, the marketing channel of agricultural products in China has also changed dramatically. In the traditional agricultural products marketing channel mode, the main body of agricultural products marketing channelconstituted of farmers and traditional wholesalers, village small traders, markets and non-staple food grain and oil retail. Thechannel capacity was clearly not enough to respond to the increasingly development of agricultural products consumer market due to the small scale of the channel members. With the development of the modern agriculture and the expansion of agricultural product market scale, the agricultural products marketing channel shouldcooperate more closely with modern supermarkets and retail enterprises, large dealers in agricultural products, agricultural products processing and agricultural products logistics enterprises. The influence factors of

  8. 7 CFR 966.111 - Marketing Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Regulations Definitions § 966.111 Marketing Agreement. Marketing Agreement means Marketing... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing Agreement. 966.111 Section 966.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  9. 7 CFR 947.111 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Definitions § 947.111 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means Marketing Agreement No. 114, as amended. ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 947.111 Section 947.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  10. 7 CFR 984.7 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 984.7 Section 984.7 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 984.7 Marketing year. Marketing year means the twelve months from...

  11. 7 CFR 947.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 947.50 Section 947.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulation § 947.50 Marketing policy. (a) Preparation. Prior to each marketing season the committee...

  12. 7 CFR 1250.312 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1250.312 Section 1250.312 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1250.312 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or...

  13. 7 CFR 1260.127 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1260.127 Section 1260.127 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.127 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other...

  14. 7 CFR 946.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 946.50 Section 946.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 946.50 Marketing policy. (a) Prior to each marketing season,...

  15. 7 CFR 1219.16 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1219.16 Section 1219.16 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Marketing. Marketing means any activity related to the sale or other disposition of Hass avocados in...

  16. 7 CFR 983.47 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 983.47 Section 983.47 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements..., ARIZONA, AND NEW MEXICO Marketing Policy § 983.47 Marketing policy. Prior to August 1st each year,...

  17. 7 CFR 1215.9 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1215.9 Section 1215.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other disposition of unpopped popcorn for human consumption in...

  18. 7 CFR 993.41 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 993.41 Section 993.41 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 993.41 Marketing policy. (a) On or before the first...

  19. 7 CFR 1209.10 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1209.10 Section 1209.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS....10 Marketing. (a) Marketing means the sale or other disposition of mushrooms in any channel...

  20. 7 CFR 1205.320 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 1205.320 Section 1205.320 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.320 Marketing year. Marketing year means a consecutive...

  1. 7 CFR 1150.118 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Marketing. 1150.118 Section 1150.118 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Definitions § 1150.118 Marketing. Marketing means the sale or other disposition in commerce...

  2. 7 CFR 916.15 - Marketing season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing season. 916.15 Section 916.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Definitions § 916.15 Marketing season. Marketing season means the period beginning...

  3. 7 CFR 982.17 - Marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing year. 982.17 Section 982.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 982.17 Marketing year. Marketing year means the 12...

  4. 7 CFR 1205.315 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1205.315 Section 1205.315 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.315 Marketing. Marketing includes the sale of cotton or...

  5. 7 CFR 989.54 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 989.54 Section 989.54 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Marketing Policy § 989.54 Marketing policy. (a) Trade demand. On...

  6. 7 CFR 927.12 - Export market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Export market. 927.12 Section 927.12 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Definitions § 927.12 Export market. Export market means any destination...

  7. Land rental market, off-farm employment and agricultural production in Southeast China: A plot-level case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Feng, S.; Heerink, N.; Ruben, R.; Qu, F.

    2010-01-01

    This paper performs a plot-level analysis of the impact of land rental market participation and off-farm employment on land investment, input use, and rice yields for 215 plots cultivated by 52 households in three villages in Northeast Jiangxi Province. Our findings show that households that rent ex

  8. Research on Teaching Reform of Internet Marketing in ;Beijing University of Agriculture%北京农学院网络营销教学改革研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严继超; 刘瑞涵

    2015-01-01

    信息技术的发展迫使网络营销理论与技术处于不断变化之中,因此网络营销的教学也必处于不断变革和发展之中。北京农学院网络营销教学在课程结构、学时安排和授课内容三个方面进行了改革,其中课程结构和学时安排上的改革较为成功,授课内容改革还需要进一步完善。%The development of information technology forced the theory and technology of Internet marketing to change constantly, so the teaching of Internet marketing was in constant change and development. In Beijing University of Agriculture, the teaching reform of Internet marketing occurred in three aspects, which were course structure, class hours and teaching content. The re-form of course structure and class hours was successful, and teaching content needed to be further improved.

  9. Practical Significance of Basin Water Market Construction on Agricultural Production%流域水市场建设对我国农业生产的现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭新育; 吴旭贤

    2011-01-01

    在介绍水市场相关概念并对国内外关于水市场的研究进展进行简述的基础上,分析了水市场的制度设计特点:农业水权的优先分配;市场结构的紧密构筑;取水权和排污权的合理定价;取水总量与排污总量的科学制定.揭示了流域水市场建设对我国农业生产的现实意义:保障农业用水安全;有效缓解农业旱情;节约农业生产用水;提高农产品质量.%On the basis of introducing the concept of water market and the water market research both domestic market and foreign market, the system design features of water market is analyzed. The features include the prior distribution of agricultural water right, the close construction of market structure, reasonable price making of the water obtaining right and water pollution-discharge right and scientific stipulation of total volume of water use and total volume of pollution drainage. The practical significances of basin water market construction on Chinese agricultural produc tion are revealed, which clover safeguarding the safety of agricultural water; effectively alleviating agricultural drought; saving the agricultural production water and improving the quality of agricultural products.

  10. 77 FR 6055 - Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability (NOFA) Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement Program (FSMIP) AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) announces the availability...

  11. Scenario development and assessment of the potential impacts of climate and market changes on crops in Europe : Assessing the adaptive capacity of agriculture in the Netherlands to the impacts of climate change under different market and policy scenarios (AgriAdapt project)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ewert, F.; Angulo, C.; Rumbaur, C.; Lock, R.; Enders, A.; Adenauer, M.; Heckelei, T.; Ittersum, van M.K.; Wolf, J.; Rötter, R.

    2011-01-01

    The Netherlands are an important producer and exporter of agricultural products. Changes in climate, markets and policies may have a large impact on the agricultural sector and farmers will need to adapt to these changes. Sector and policy documents have, so far, insufficiently considered the impact

  12. Scenario development and assessment of the potential impacts of climate and market changes on crops in Europe : Assessing the adaptive capacity of agriculture in the Netherlands to the impacts of climate change under different market and policy scenarios (AgriAdapt project)

    OpenAIRE

    Ewert, F.; Angulo, C.; Rumbaur, C.; Lock, R; Enders, A.; Adenauer, M.; Heckelei, T.; Ittersum, van, M.K.; Wolf, J; Rötter, R.

    2011-01-01

    The Netherlands are an important producer and exporter of agricultural products. Changes in climate, markets and policies may have a large impact on the agricultural sector and farmers will need to adapt to these changes. Sector and policy documents have, so far, insufficiently considered the impacts of climate change and increased climate variability on the sector.

  13. 78 FR 5164 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-24

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds Availability: Inviting... Patricia Atkins, Agricultural Marketing Specialist, National Organic Program, USDA/AMS/NOP, Room...

  14. 什么引发了中国农产品的绿色营销%The Reasons of Green Marketing of Chinese Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冬芹

    2012-01-01

    随着社会经济的发展,一场绿色革命的浪潮已席卷全球。"绿色"已是21世纪的一个主流。中国是个农业生产和出口大国,传统的生产经营理念和方式已严重制约了中国农业的可持续发展,面对这样的困境中国农产品企业也在悄悄发生着变化,白菜有了绿色标志,萝卜要通过认证。但是究其原因是什么引发了中国农产品的绿色营销呢?本文以此为切入口,从消费意识、环保运动、绿色壁垒、政府等方面来寻求答案。%With the development of social economy,a green revolution has swept across the world,"Green" is already a mainstream of the 21st century.But China is an agricultural production and export power country,The traditional production management idea and the way seriously restricted the sustainable development of Chinese agriculture,In the face of such difficulties China's agricultural enterprise is also quietly changing,Chinese cabbage with green marks,turnip to through the authentication.But what is the reason caused the green marketing of agricultural products in China? The thesis tries to look for answers from some aspects such as consumers awareness,the environmental protection movement,green trade barriers,and the government,etc.

  15. On the New Opportunities for the Building of Informationization of Agricultural Product Wholesale Market%新机遇下的农产品批发市场信息化建设思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白玉英

    2012-01-01

    Agricultural product wholesale market is the central link of circulation of agricultural products,connecting the producing and selling of agricultural products.But there are many issues to be resolved in agricultural product wholesale markets in China,such as the weak market infrastructure,the unreasonable planning and layout,the backward and single transactions,and market information,the low level of market information and market management,the imperfect relevant legal system,the unreasonable formation of prices of agricultural products,the low level of organization of production and sales,the quality and safety of agricultural products,etc.In 2011 and 2012,agricultural product wholesale market is facing new opportunities in the construction,which provides good conditions for solving the issues about the informationization of agricultural product wholesale markets.%目前,我国农产品批发市场存在着很多有待解决的问题。诸如,市场基础设施总体薄弱,规划布局不合理,交易方式大都落后且单一,市场信息化水平偏低,市场管理水平不到位,相关法律制度不完善,农产品价格形成不规范,产销组织化程度偏低,农产品质量安全等问题。文章以2011年和2012年农产品批发市场信息化建设面临的新机遇为切入点,提出应健全相关法律法规、采取层次梯度和试点相结合的方式、建立专业的电子商务做基础保障等措施,以加快农产品批发市场信息化建设的步伐。

  16. Construction of Customization Marketing Service Model for Agricultural Product Cold Chain Logistics Enterprises%农产品冷链物流企业的定制营销服务模型构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    原惠群; 舒文定

    2012-01-01

    在借鉴第三方物流企业定制营销模式的基础上,通过介绍农产品冷链物流企业实现定制化营销服务的依据与模式,对农产品冷链物流企业定制化营销中的各个模块进行了具体的说明,为我国农产品冷链物流企业开展满足客户个性化需求的定制营销提供一定的借鉴。%China agricultural cold chain has a vast market,a trend of diversification and personalization for the customer demand.According to the personalized demand of customers,the customization marleting is increasingy respected and widely recognized by enterprises and customers.Therefore,it is particularly important to further analyse customization behavior of agricultural cold chain logistics enterprise.Based on the reference to the customization marketing model of the third party logistics enterprise,this paper describes each module of customization marketing in details,through introducing the basis and mode of achieving customized marketing services for the agricultural product cold chain logistics enterprises.It is hoped that a certain reference can be provided to our country agricultural cold chain logistics enterprises for implementing the customization marketing to meet customer demand for individual requirements.

  17. Construction of the western suburb's international agricultural marketing system in Shanghai%上海西郊国际农产品营销体系构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高萍; 杨冬梅

    2013-01-01

    By making use of the modern marketing theory and taking the international agricultural products wholesale market at the western suburbs of Shanghai,the article puts forward a marketing system suitable for its own capacity,business objectives to meet the changing requirement of buyers' market and differentiation business strategy to establish enterprise's core competitiveness. This kind of differentiation business strategy has not only an innovation significance for the international agricultural products wholesale market at the western suburbs but also a positive practical significance for construction of agricultural marketing systems in our country.%利用现代市场营销理论,以上海西郊国际农产品批发市场为例,提出了选择适合自身能力的营销体系,以满足目标买方市场不断变化的需求为经营目标,建立企业核心竞争力的差异化经营策略.这种差异化经营策略不仅对于上海西郊国际农产品批发市场的经营具有创新意义,而且对于我国农产品营销体系的建设也具有积极的现实意义.

  18. The Establishment of an Organic Farmers’ Market as a Training Case Study and Research for Graduate Students of Organic Agriculture at the University of Palermo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giorgio Schifani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available  Despite the modest regional consumption of organic products, Sicily is one of the most important European regions in surface area per number of companies active in organic farming. The University of Palermo, as early as 2000, to promote the development and success in this industry, the Faculty of Agriculture, introduced two major degree programs in "Organic Farming". The objective of these courses is to train graduates who are technically capable of supporting the organic farmers market, to promote and facilitate the expansion of the consumption of organic products, and to create employment opportunities for young graduates. At the end of 2009, in the area of these activities, a training and research program involved numerous students in the creation of an "joint consumption" association whose purpose is the expansion of the consumption of organic products through the enhancement of a direct relationship with small organic farms who would be unlikely to penetrate large markets, or have relationships with large distribution networks.The project aims to assess the ability of the students of the Faculty to transmit the knowledge acquired in the program, and to investigate the relative issues regarding the new phenomenon emerging in recent years in Italy, represented by the spread of various forms of ethically-conscious consumption groups called "Gruppi di Acquisto Solidale (GAS" or Solidarity Purchase Groups.

  19. 大数据环境下云南农产品精准营销模式研究%Research on Precision Marketing Pattern of Agricultural Products in Yunnan Province in the Big Data Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚映梅; 曹新波

    2016-01-01

    我国农产品营销领域在大数据环境的影响下,营销模式更加复杂化,营销方法更加精准化。通过对相关文献分析,对国内外精准营销模式的界定以及农产品精准营销模式的主要类型,进行了归纳总结。同时,对云南省农产品特征与精准营销概况进行了介绍,分析了大数据对云南农产品消费者特征、营销信息、营销手段和营销成本等方面带来的影响。在分析大数据环境、云南农产品和精准营销模式)者关系的基础上,构建了由数据采集、分析挖掘、精准营销模型、精准营销执行和效果评估反馈等重要环节组成的大数据环境下,云南省农产品精准营销模式,并对模式构建主体、数据采集处理、目标市场战略及策略实施过程中的关键要素展开了论述。%Under the influence of big data environment,the agricultural products marketing pattern becomes more complicated and marketing method more precise.By analyzing the related literature,the paper summarized the conception and types of precision marketing pattern of agricultural products as well as domestic and overseas marketing patterns.Combined with the characteristics of agricultural product and precise marketing situation in Yunnan province,it analyses the influence of big data on customer characteristics,marketing information, method and cost.Based on the analysis of relationship among big data environment,agricultural product of Yun-nan province and precise marketing,it constructed precise marketing pattern of agricultural product of Yunnan province,which is constituted of the data acquisition,analysis mining,precision marketing model,marketing implementation and feedback evaluation,discussing the key elements of model building subject,data collection and processing,target market strategy and tactics implementation as well.

  20. Influence Factors Evaluation of the Development Scale of the Wholesale Markets of Agricultural Products in Gansu Province%甘肃省农产品批发市场发展规模影响因素评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霖; 王建平

    2012-01-01

    甘肃省农产品批发市场已经成为甘肃农业和农村经济发展的坚实保障,其发展进度及规模在很大程度上影响着农产品市场体系的完善程度,为了研究甘肃农产品批发市场的发展现状及发展规模影响因素,选取了甘肃省15个定点农产品综合和产地批发市场,首先构建农产品批发市场发展规模影响因素评价指标体系,利用层次分析法在层次结构之间建立两两比较的判断矩阵,确定各指标的权重,然后对指标层进行单排序、对方案层进行总排序,最终得到15个农产品批发市场发展规模排序,这一结论对促进甘肃省农产品批发市场的发展提供了一定的参考价值。%Wholesale market of agricultural products has become a solid guarantee of the agricultural and rural economic development in Gansu province,its developmental pace and scale to a large extent affect the degree of perfect of the market system of agricultural products. In order to study the development status and the influence factors of developmental scale of wholesale market of agricultural products, fifteen fixed-point comprehensive wholesale markets of agricultural products in Gansu province were selected to conduct the study. Firstly, according to the theory of AHP, the influence factors of evaluation index system about the scale of development of wholesale markets of agricultural products was built and the judgment matrixes contrast pairwise in the hierarchical structure was established to determine the weights of the index. Secondly, the single sort of index layer and the total sort of program layer were conducted. Then the conclusion was drawn that the development scale of fifteen wholesale markets of agricultural products was obtained. It would have a positive effect and value on promoting the development of wholesale markets of agricultural products in Gansu province.

  1. Decentralized models of agricultural marketing as a strategy for social inclusion in Colombia: the case Exofruit SAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Arias Vargas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes a model of decentralized marketing cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana as an alternative to traditional wholesale channels; where brokers obtain higher profits; while farmers receive little profit for their product and the customer receives an expensive product. The investigative process development for nine months under a descriptive exploratory approach to data collection and triangulation of it to build the case. The project currently benefits 40 farmers; victims of armed conflict in the village of Mesopotamia Antioquia Union have joined the project, which has particularities like organic production of 1.2 tons per month of product, recovery of abandoned land; and equitable distribution of profits and the way for negotiations between farmers and the seller as a new proposal of peasant association.

  2. The long-run impact of energy prices on world agricultural markets. The role of macro-economic linkages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The world prices of some food and energy products have followed similar large swings in recent years. We investigate the long-run relationship between these prices using a world Computable General Equilibrium model with detailed representations of food and energy markets. Particular attention is paid to specifying macro-economic linkages which have often been overlooked in recent analysis and debate. We find that the omission of these macro-economic linkages has a substantial bearing on this relationship. A positive relationship due to the cost push effect has been identified in most analysis, but we find that the introduction of the real income effect may indeed imply a negative relationship between world food and energy prices. (author)

  3. The long-run impact of energy prices on world agricultural markets: The role of macro-economic linkages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The world prices of some food and energy products have followed similar large swings in recent years. We investigate the long-run relationship between these prices using a world Computable General Equilibrium model with detailed representations of food and energy markets. Particular attention is paid to specifying macro-economic linkages which have often been overlooked in recent analysis and debate. We find that the omission of these macro-economic linkages has a substantial bearing on this relationship. A positive relationship due to the cost push effect has been identified in most analysis, but we find that the introduction of the real income effect may indeed imply a negative relationship between world food and energy prices.

  4. Study on the development strategy of Henan Province agricultural product network marketing%河南省农产品网络营销发展对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香

    2014-01-01

    Under the condition of market economy, the market demand of agricultural products appear new change, present situation of agricultural product market and the Henan province traditional contradiction. In this paper, through the investigation of the network marketing of agricultural products in Henan Province, from the domestic and foreign agricultural products marketing network, a wide range of rapid, flexible and other advantages, according to the Henan provincial economic backwardness, related problems of unbalanced regional development present situation of Henan Province agricultural product network marketing,put forward the corresponding countermeasures and solutions. Hope the research to solve the"three rural issues"in Henan Province, to speed up the pace of the construction of new countryside.%在市场经济条件下,农产品市场需求呈现出新的变化,这与河南省传统的农产品市场现状相矛盾。本文通过对河南省农产品网络营销现状进行调查分析,借鉴国内外农产品网络营销灵活、迅速、范围广泛等优势,根据河南省经济落后,区域经济发展不平衡等现状针对河南省农产品网络营销存在的相关问题提出相应的对策和解决方法。希望这些研究有利于河南省“三农”问题的解决,加快其新农村建设的步伐。

  5. 7 CFR 170.2 - Is the USDA Farmers Market a producer-only market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 USDA FARMERS MARKET § 170.2 Is... that are grown by a principal farmer. A producer-only market offers raw agricultural products such...

  6. 7 CFR 170.11 - How are farmers and vendors selected for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT... balanced product mix of fruits, vegetables, herbs, value-added products, and baked goods....

  7. 7 CFR 170.12 - What are the selection criteria for participation in the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., or specialized non-produce vendor. (b) Participant offers a product that adds to a product mix... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MARKETING PRACTICES UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING...

  8. FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Frank H. Fuller; Jacinto F. Fabiosa; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Patrick C. Westhoff; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott

    2000-01-01

    The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline in January. The FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for world agricultural markets. A companion volume, the FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook, presents the U.S. component of the ba...

  9. 7 CFR 946.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... WASHINGTON Rules and Regulations Definitions § 946.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 946.101 Section 946.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  10. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CALIFORNIA Rules and Regulations Definitions § 917.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  11. 7 CFR 906.38 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 906.38 Section 906.38 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... RIO GRANDE VALLEY IN TEXAS Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 906.38 Marketing policy. Prior to...

  12. 7 CFR 925.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 925.50 Section 925.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Regulations § 925.50 Marketing policy. Each season prior to making any...

  13. 7 CFR 915.49 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 915.49 Section 915.49 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.49 Marketing policy. Each season prior to making...

  14. 7 CFR 930.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 930.50 Section 930.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 930.50 Marketing policy. (a) Optimum supply. On or about July 1 of each crop year, the...

  15. 7 CFR 956.60 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 956.60 Section 956.60 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... VALLEY OF SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON AND NORTHEAST OREGON Regulation § 956.60 Marketing policy. (a)...

  16. 7 CFR 966.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 966.50 Section 966.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulation § 966.50 Marketing policy. Prior to or at the same time as...

  17. 7 CFR 923.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 923.50 Section 923.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 923.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each...

  18. 7 CFR 953.40 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 953.40 Section 953.40 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... STATES Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 953.40 Marketing policy. Prior to or at the same...

  19. 7 CFR 924.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 924.50 Section 924.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making any recommendations pursuant to § 924.51, the...

  20. 7 CFR 929.46 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 929.46 Section 929.46 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... LONG ISLAND IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 929.46 Marketing...

  1. 7 CFR 959.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 959.50 Section 959.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 959.50 Marketing policy. (a) At the beginning of each season, and as...

  2. 7 CFR 1220.113 - Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing. 1220.113 Section 1220.113 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.113 Marketing. The...

  3. 7 CFR 905.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 905.50 Section 905.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 905.50 Marketing policy. (a)...

  4. 7 CFR 916.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 916.50 Section 916.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 916.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making...

  5. 7 CFR 920.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 920.50 Section 920.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 920.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making any recommendations pursuant to §...

  6. 7 CFR 945.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 945.50 Section 945.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Marketing policy. (a) Preparation. Prior to or at the same time as recommendations are made pursuant...

  7. 7 CFR 948.20 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 948.20 Section 948.20 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 948.20 Marketing policy. (a) General cull regulation. (1)...

  8. 7 CFR 922.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 922.50 Section 922.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 922.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season...

  9. 7 CFR 927.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 927.50 Section 927.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation of Shipments § 927.50 Marketing policy. (a) It shall be the duty...

  10. Marketing marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Alsem, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    In deze installatierede betoogt Karel Jan Alsem dat marketing een grotere strategische rol in organisaties zou moeten krijgen. Want marketing is bij uitstek de verbinding tussen klantwensen en het DNA van een organisatie. Doordat merken gemiddeld voor mensen niet heel belangrijk zijn, is goede branding en onderscheidende zichtbaarheid juist van belang. Met de groei van big data en het belang van onbewust gedrag, zullen vooral die marketeers in de toekomst succesvol zijn die de consument het b...

  11. Heavy Metal Contamination of Soil, Irrigation Water and Vegetables in Peri-Urban Agricultural Areas and Markets of Delhi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Arti; Singh, ShivDhar; Kumar, Amit

    2015-11-01

    Dietary exposure to heavy metals, namely cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu), has been identified as a risk to human health through consumption of vegetable crops. The present study investigates heavy metal contamination in irrigation water, soil, and vegetables at four peri-urban and one wholesale site in Delhi, India, and estimates the health risk index. Most of the samples collected from peri-urban areas exceeded the safe limits of lead and cadmium, whereas only lead concentration was found to be higher in vegetable samples collected from the wholesale market. Average uptake of metals by vegetables from soil decreased in the order Cd>Zn>Cu>Pb. The order of metal uptake based on transfer factor was highest in okra, cauliflower, and spinach, from greatest to least. Among the vegetables from peri-urban sites, only okra crossed the safe limit for cadmium; whereas vegetables from the wholesale site exceeded the limit for lead (potato, coriander, chilies, pea, and carrot, in order from greatest to least) with respect to health risk index.

  12. 河南农产品营销渠道形成的影响因素分析%The factors on marketing channel of agricultural produce in Henan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡水英

    2014-01-01

    The contradiction between agriculture production and sales of agriculture produces is increasingly prominent , that caused marketing channels showed coexistence of various forms in Henan .The main factors which influence agricul-tural marketing channels are produces ,technology ,logistics system and so on .%农业生产与农产品销售流通之间的矛盾日益突出。河南农产品营销渠道呈现出多种形式并存的局面。在影响河南农产品销售的诸多因素中,产品、技术应用、物流体系是主要因素。

  13. Marketing marketing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alsem, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    In deze installatierede betoogt Karel Jan Alsem dat marketing een grotere strategische rol in organisaties zou moeten krijgen. Want marketing is bij uitstek de verbinding tussen klantwensen en het DNA van een organisatie. Doordat merken gemiddeld voor mensen niet heel belangrijk zijn, is goede brand

  14. Restricting Factors of B2C Internet Marketing of Agricultural Products in China%我国农产品B2C网络营销制约因素及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪东辉; 程淑琴

    2011-01-01

    农产品B2C网络营销直接增加农产品生产者与终端消费者的联系,减少许多中间环节和流通成本,为消费者提供一个新型、便利的购物体验。但我国农产品B2C网络营销存在消费习惯制约、网络营销信用体系不健全、物流难题、争议仲裁难度大等制约因素。推进农产品网络营销的建设需要加强农产品B2C网络营销知识的推广,拓展网络商户销售,建设信用评级系统,开展第三方质量鉴定等,使传统农产品营销模式向现代电子商务模式转变。%B2C internet marketing of agricultural products directly increases the contacts between producers and end consumers and decreases many intermediate links and circulation cost,so it can provide consumers with a new and convenient shopping experience.However,there are a lot of obstacles in China's internet marketing of agricultural products such as consumer habit,imperfect internet marketing credit system,logistics difficulties,arbitration difficulties,etc.To promote internet marketing of agricultural product,it is essential to strengthen the spread of B2C internet marketing knowledge,to extend internet sales,to establish credit level evaluation system and to develop the third party quality evaluation,etc.so as to change the sales pattern from traditional marketing pattern of agricultural products into modern e-business pattern.

  15. The Contract Arrangement and the Choice of Transaction Pattern in Agricultural Product Market%农产品市场契约安排与交易模式选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭佳

    2012-01-01

      农产品交易模式依其激励强度、权力控制以及绩效特性等条件可以区分为市场型、混合型以及等级制三种类型。不确定性影响农产品产地交易模式的选择。不确定性程度越小,越宜采用市场交易模式;不确定性程度越大,越宜采用等级制交易模式;不确定性程度介于中间时,宜采用混合型交易模式。%  The transaction pattern in agricultural product market differentiate into three patterns that are the market type,the mixed type and the rank type according to its excitation intensity,authority control and achievements characteristic.Owing to the existences of oppor-tunism,uncertainty will influence the choice of transaction pattern in agricultural product habitat market.The more uncertain the market is, the more compatibly we use the market transaction type,by contraries the more certain the market is,the more compatibly we use the rank type.And then when the uncertainty degree is situated between that two,we should use the mixed transaction pattern.

  16. 7 CFR 1210.505 - Department of Agriculture costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Department of Agriculture costs. 1210.505 Section 1210.505 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  17. Caracterização do mercado de fretes rodoviários para produtos agrícolas Characterization of the highway freight market for agricultural products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Gimenes Soares

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available O mercado de frete rodoviário no Brasil não sofre nenhum tipo de controle governamental, significando que os preços são formados a partir da negociação direta entre a oferta e a procura pelo serviço. Os transportadores não estão, necessariamente, atualizados sobre todas as variáveis de seu custo para estarem aptos a negociar com os demandantes. Tais demandantes, por outro lado, podem desempenhar maior poder de negociação para obter descontos no valor do frete. Tendo em vista o aprimoramento da qualidade das informações sobre fretes, tanto para ofertantes quanto demandantes pelo serviço de transporte, foi realizado levantamento de valores para produtos agrícolas selecionados, assim como identificadas as principais características do escoamento rodoviário de cargas agrícolas. Dessa forma, ficou evidenciada a diferenciação do valor do frete de acordo com o tipo de produto e verificou-se que a estrutura do mercado de frete para granéis sólidos (açúcar, milho, soja e farelo de soja é bastante distinta, mais pulverizada e talvez menos profissional que a estrutura observada para os granéis líquidos estudados (suco de laranja e óleo de soja.The Brazilian highway freight market is subject to no sort of government control, meaning that the prices are formed through free negotiation between supply and demand of the transport service. Carriers have to be updated on every variable incorporated in costs to be fit for negotiating with demanders. These demanders, except under certain very specific circumstances, have performed higher negotiation power and exerted quite strong pressure to obtain freight discounts. Taking into consideration the accomplishment of the quality of freight information, for both supply and demand sides of the transportation service, data for selected agricultural commodities were collected, as well as the identification of the main characteristics of the road haulage. The difference in the freight values

  18. 78 FR 24714 - Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability Inviting Applications for the Federal-State Marketing Improvement Program (FSMIP) AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) announces the availability of approximately $1 million...

  19. 77 FR 22282 - Milk in the Northeast and Other Marketing Areas; Determination of Equivalent Price Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Milk in the Northeast and Other Marketing Areas; Determination of Equivalent Price Series AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Determination of equivalent price... products price series in the Dairy Products Sales report released by the Agricultural Marketing...

  20. 上海都市现代农产品市场渠道拓展的研究进展%Research on Channel Expansion of Urban Agricultural Market in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞菊生; 罗强; 张晨

    2013-01-01

    The paper aimed to study how to expand the channels of the modern market circulation of agricultural products in Shanghai. The paper described the present situation of modern agricultural product market logistics organization in Shanghai from the perspective of agricultural products marketing organization, wholesale market, distribution center, logistics enterprises, logistics transportation and so on, pointed out the main problem of the agricultural products logistics in Shanghai such as marketing enterprises small in scale, lack of standardized operation ability, lack of large-scale third party agricultural products logistics enterprises, relatively backward technology in cold chain and preservation, low level of organization degree, lack of professional farmer coqperative marketing organization and so on, and finally proposed the comprehensive countermeasures about the development of modern agricultural product market circulation channels which develop new agricultural products logistics reasonably, develop professional cooperative organization logistics, cultivated the third party logistics enterprise, gave aid to agricultural products logistics, strengthened the supply chain management of agricultural products logistics, and improved management personnel quality of agricultural logistics enterprise and so on, for the government and agricultural circulation enterprise decision reference.%为了拓展适合上海现代农产品市场流通渠道的方法,从农产品运销组织、批发市场、配送中心、物流龙头企业、物流运输等角度,对上海现代农产品市场物流组织的现状进行了归纳整理.通过实地调查分析,指出上海农产品市场物流存在着营销企业规模小、缺乏规范运作能力,缺少第三方大型农产品物流企业,冷链、保鲜技术相对滞后,组织化水平较低、缺少农民专业营销合作组织等的主要问题.最终提出了合理发展新型农产品物流业态、发展专业

  1. 7 CFR 1033.2 - Mideast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Mideast marketing area. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  2. 7 CFR 1131.2 - Arizona marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Arizona marketing area. 1131.2 Section 1131.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order...

  3. 7 CFR 1124.2 - Pacific Northwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Pacific Northwest marketing area. 1124.2 Section 1124.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA...

  4. 7 CFR 1126.2 - Southwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Southwest marketing area. 1126.2 Section 1126.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order...

  5. 7 CFR 1030.2 - Upper Midwest marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Upper Midwest marketing area. 1030.2 Section 1030.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA...

  6. 7 CFR 1032.2 - Central marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Central marketing area. 1032.2 Section 1032.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA Order...

  7. 7 CFR 1005.2 - Appalachian marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Appalachian marketing area. 1005.2 Section 1005.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA...

  8. 7 CFR 1001.2 - Northeast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Northeast marketing area. 1001.2 Section 1001.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  9. 7 CFR 1007.2 - Southeast marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Southeast marketing area. 1007.2 Section 1007.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order...

  10. 7 CFR 1006.2 - Florida marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Florida marketing area. 1006.2 Section 1006.2 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order...

  11. The Development of Taiwan Agricultural Products Market Information Service System and Its Illumination%台湾农产品市场信息服务体系的发展与启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵一夫

    2012-01-01

    Along with the economic globalization and the further development of market integration, agricultural market information service is becoming more and more important to the development of contemporary agriculture. This paper summarized the course and main methods of Taiwan agricultural market information service system de- velopment, combined with the mainland market information service system construction situation, and analyzed the valuable experiences and enlightenment to mainland.%随着经济全球化与市场一体化的深入发展,农业及农产品市场信息服务对农业发展的支撑和推动作用越来越突出。该文梳理和总结台湾农业及农产品市场信息服务体系发展历程和主要做法,结合大陆市场信息服务体系的建设现状,归纳分析了值得大陆学习借鉴的经验与启示。

  12. 西部民族地区农产品绿色营销策略研究%Study on Strategy of Agricultural Product Green Marketing in Western Ethnic Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳一桥

    2011-01-01

    分析了西部民族地区农产品绿色营销的驱动机制,以营销“4P”理论为中心,通过生产绿色产品、制定绿色价格、构建绿色渠道、开 展绿色促销,进而构建起民族地区绿色营销市场体系.%The driving mechanism of agricultural product green marketing in western ethnic area was analyzed. With marketing "4P" theoryas the center, through producing green product, formulate green price, constructing green channel, developing green promotion to constructgreen marketing market system in ethnic area.

  13. 7 CFR 1160.115 - Milk marketing area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Milk marketing area. 1160.115 Section 1160.115 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Order Definitions § 1160.115 Milk marketing area. Milk marketing area means each area within which...

  14. 7 CFR 989.154 - Marketing policy computations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy computations. 989.154 Section 989.154 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Administrative Rules and Regulations Marketing Policy § 989.154 Marketing...

  15. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 955.92 Section 955.92 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Marketing Agreement § 955.92 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory hereby requests the Secretary...

  16. Strategic analysis of Swedish agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Fogelfors, Håkan; Wivstad, Maria; Eckersten, Henrik; Holstein, Fredrik; Johansson, Susanne; Verwijst, Theo

    2009-01-01

    This strategic analysis of Swedish agriculture – production systems and agricultural landscapes in a time of change – focuses on climate change, future availability of natural resources and economic regulation in a global food market. The background to the project was that the Faculty of Natural Resources and Agriculture of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences identified an urgent need to explore the implications and opportunities of coming changes for agricultural production syste...

  17. Study on Capital Market Direct Financing Channels of Ningxia Agricultural Enterprises%宁夏农业企业资本市场融资途径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅; 石健

    2016-01-01

    Difficult financing and expensive financing are common problems to Ningxia agricultural enterprises in financing due to factors such as long production cycle, slow money collecting and high risk. Unreasonable financing structure can be the most direct problem in financing. The proportion of directing financing is small than that of indirect financing, the basic feature of financing. Indirect financing, rely more on bank credit capital, can be vulnerable to national interest rate policy and financial policy. Moreover, financing structure can be influenced and restricted by external industrial policy, industry distribution, financial service, product supply and enterprise development condition due to the lack of long term direct fi-nancing capital. Constraints on Ningxia agricultural enterprise direct financing were analyzed in this paper based on Ningxia agricultural enterprise developing features and current situation of the development of Ningxia capital market, along with measures such as enhance government policy guidance and improve capital introduction mechanism to optimize financing channels for Ningxia agricultural enterprises.%由于受到农业特殊的生产周期长、资金回笼较慢、风险高等特点的影响,宁夏农业企业融资普遍存在“融资难”、“融资贵”的问题,影响融资的最直接问题就是融资结构不合理,融资结构的基本特征是间接融资为主,直接融资尤其在资本市场上融资比例低。间接融资更多依靠银行信贷资本,容易受到国家利率政策和金融政策的影响,由于缺少直接融资资本的长期注入,融资结构易受到外部产业政策、产业布局、金融服务和产品供给及企业发展等因素的影响和制约。本文基于当前宁夏现代农业企业发展特点,立足目前宁夏资本市场发展现状,以分析宁夏农业企业向资本市场直接融资的制约因素入手,提出加大政府政策引导、资本引

  18. Market Positioning and Strategy Choice of Agricultural on Intra-County Credit Market Positioning of Agricultural Bank of%基于SWOT分析的中国农业银行县域信贷市场定位及战略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丞

    2011-01-01

    运用SWOT分析法,对中国农业银行在当前县域信贷市场中的优势、劣势、机会与威胁进行了全面分析。结果表明:未来中长期内,农行在县域信贷市场内应逐步谋求经营策略的差异化。为此,农行应以批发贷款、委托代理、资源共享等多种合作方式,逐步深化同新型农村金融机构间的合作,从而在实现合作双方"扬长避短"的同时,不断增强自身县域各分支机构的可持续发展能力。对农行今后在县域信贷市场中的战略组合给出了相关建议。%By using SWOT analysis,this paper analyses the advantages,weaknesses,opportunities and threats in intra-county credit markets of Agricultural Bank of China.The result shows that,in the mid-long term,Agricultural Bank of China should adopt differentiation

  19. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  20. 基于O2O模式的农产品销售研究%Research on Agricultural Marketing Sales Based on O2O Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2015-01-01

    O2O (offline to online) is a new pattern of e-business. The first representative model is Ctrip travel network in China. However, now the most sophisticated enterprises are represented by Meituan and Nuomi, among other group-buying sites. Although, the most well-known O2O pattern only exists in experiential industries, such as online-travel, real-estate and life service platform, the model, with the use of mobile terminal positioning accuracy, convenience, low cost to obtain customer advantages, has a great potential in the mobile Internet applications, as well as in the agricultural products sales market. Through an analysis of the existing O2O agricultural products sales model, this paper puts forward some improved methods, trying to provide some new ideas.%O2O即offline to online,是一种将线下的商家和线上的顾客结合起来的新兴电子商务模式。国内最早的O2O模式的代表是携程旅游网,而目前运作最为成熟的是以美团、糯米等为代表的团购网站。目前较为人熟知的O2O模式仅存在在线旅游、房地产以及生活服务平台等体验性行业,但是O2O模式以其利用移动终端定位的准确性、便捷性、获取顾客成本低等优点,将会在移动互联网应用中发挥巨大的潜力,在农产品销售市场也将会开创一片蓝海。本文通过对现存O2O农产品销售模式的分析,提出了一些改进的方法,试图为农产品销售提供新的思路。

  1. 77 FR 27013 - Request for Nominations of Members for the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-08

    ... agricultural sciences, food retailing and marketing, rural economic development, and natural resource and.... Transportation of Food and Agricultural Products to domestic and foreign markets; Category R. Food Retailing...

  2. 7 CFR 958.50 - Marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 958.50 Section 958.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 958.50...

  3. 论农产品批发市场的公益性--基于公共财政视角%On the Public Welfare of Agricultural Product Wholesale Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德勇

    2014-01-01

    近年来,农产品批发市场的公益性越来越受到认可和重视,不少学者借用公共产品理论阐释农产品批发市场的公益性,这为从理论上界定并从实践上促进农产品批发市场的公益性提供了一种思路。本文从公共产品的两个基本特征出发,认为公益性产品可以是公共产品,也可以是私人产品。通过竞争性和排他性的分析,指出农产品批发市场的经济性质是私人产品,但由于其具有较大的正外部性,能够满足社会公共利益,所以也是一种公益性产品。在此基础上,本文从公共财政的视角,提出了促进农产品批发市场公益性发展的政策建议。%Recently, the public welfare of agricult ural product wholesale markets is increasingly recognized and valued. Many scholars use the public goods theory to explain the public welfare of agricultural product wholesale markets, which provides an idea to theoretically define and practically prompt the public welfare of agricultural product wholesale markets. From two basic characteristics of public goods and the analysis of the characteristics of public welfare goods, the author argues that public welfare goods can be public goods or private goods. Based on the meaning of rivalness and excludability, the author concludes that the economic nature of agricultural product wholesale markets is not only the private goods, but also the public welfare goods, because the agricultural product wholesale markets has a large positive externalities and meets the public interest. Thus, from the perspective of public finance, the author proposes some policy recommendations to promote the public welfare of agricultural products wholesale markets.

  4. 发展湖州地区“互联网+农产品”营销的几点思考%Thoughts on Developments of Marketing Agricultural Products on Internet in Huzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑宁国; 沈晓艳

    2015-01-01

    文章从“互联网+”的视角,阐述了发展“互联网+农产品”营销的重要意义,结合湖州市互联网农产品营销的现状,分析了湖州市“互联网+农产品”营销的物流问题、人才问题及农产品质量标准体系和市场监管问题,最后提出了湖州市“互联网+农产品”营销的策略:完善农产品溯源体系及“三品一标”建设,政府出面建设农业智能物联网,建立电商平台,优化淡水鱼销售流程,加强“互联网+农产品”营销人才队伍建设等。%This paper illustrates the significance of developing the marketing of agricultural products online from the perspective of the Inter-net,and analyzes the problems on logistic,talents,quality standard and market supervision for this marketing type,and finally raises the basic strategies:1 .improving the system of origin pursuing and non pollution food,green food and organic food as well as geographical in-dication of agricultural products;2.the intelligent internet of agriculture should be built by government;3.building e commerce platform and optimize the marketing processing of freshwater fish;4.Strengthening the talents building of e commerce on agricultural products.

  5. Research on Marketing of Agricultural Products in Zhangye City Based on the Pattern of Internet%基于互联网模式下的张掖市农产品营销研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩雪金

    2015-01-01

    近年来,互联网发展迅猛,并越来越被商家熟悉和采用. 相比较互联网在其他行业的积极推广,农产品入驻网络平台的时间却相对较短. 阐述了大环境互联网模式下的农产品营销服务,分析了张掖地区农产品营销的现有模式及不足,为该地区农产品使用网络营销模式提出一些切实可行的措施.%In recent years, the Internet develops very quickly, and is used by many sellers. Compared with the industries which have been popularized on the Internet, it has not been a long time for the agriculture products sold on the Internet. The paper describes the marketing of agricultural products sold on Internet, analyses the shortage of existing pattern for agricultural producs in Zhangye City,and then proposes some practical advice for their e-marketing pattern of agricultural producs there.

  6. A Triple Hurdle Analysis of the Use of Electronic-Based Agricultural Market Information Services: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    Okello, Julius Juma; Kirui, Oliver K.; Gitonga, Zachary

    2012-01-01

    Smallholder farmers’ access to markets has traditionally been constrained by lack of market information. The need to facilitate farmers’ access to markets has seen the emergence of many projects that employ electronic tools in the provision of market information services (MIS). This study used a triple hurdle analysis to examine the factors influencing farmer awareness of electronic based (e-based) MIS projects, the decision by smallholder farmers in Kenya to participate in such projects and ...

  7. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include......: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk, and gender roles in agricultural production. Our results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements...... are particularly compelling when combined with marketing system improvements. Moreover, technological change in cassava appears to be a particularly strong lever for increasing female and overall household welfare, especially when risk is considered....

  8. 7 CFR 29.9404 - Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY....9404 Marketing area opening dates and marketing schedules. (a) The Flue-Cured Tobacco...

  9. The Market Demand of LED Light Source in the Field of Agricultural Lighting%LED光源在农业照明领域的市场需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李效民

    2012-01-01

    基于LED光源的农业照明在欧美国家得到了大力发展,各国政府都在积极推广LED农业照明,中国在农业照明领域的LED技术兴起于最近几年.实践证明,LED光源可以完全替代自然照明和传统人工照明,并根据农作物不同的生理时段调节光照波长,缩短了农作物的生长周期、增加产量、减少病害、提高了农产品品质.研究了LED光源在农业照明领域的优势,并对LED光源在农业照明领域的市场潜在需求进行分析和统计,结果表明LED光源在农业照明领域的应用前景广阔,市场潜力巨大.%The agricultural lighting based on the LED lighting technology has been developed in developed countries. Many countries are actively promoting agricultural LED lighting.Through the practical application, LED light source can completely replace traditional natural and artificial lighting, shorten the crop growth cycle time, increase production, reduce disease and improve the quality of agricultural products. The advantage of LED light source in the agricultural field was studied, and the market demand of LED light source in the agricultural areas was analyzed and counted. The results showed that there were broad prospects and huge market potential of LED in agricultural lighting applications.

  10. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    TO THE POINT:Beijing has set a new mission to become an inter- nationally recognized financial center.The mainland stock market rally slowed down and met with heavy selling pressure from those who gained a big profit from the previous market slump.In accordance with market performance,listed companies readjusted their refinanc- ing schemes and cut refinancing prices.Agricultural Bank of China marched toward listing,though problems still exist.China Eastern Airlines denied rumors of recent negotiations with Singapore Airlines and vowed to concentrate on securing sound travel conditions before the Beijing Olympic Games.China Customs strengthened efforts to block illegal grain exports.

  11. 农业环境责任保险的4PS与4CS营销分析%An Analysis of the Marketing Mix of 4Ps and 4Cs in Agricultural Environmental Liability Insurance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 王育才

    2015-01-01

    我国农业环境污染风险升级且农业环境侵权救济手段缺失的现状,使受害人利益受损且矛盾激化,社会化性质的农业环境责任保险成为满足农业环境侵权救济内在诉求的制度选择。通过对农业环境责任保险制度的4PS与4CS理论分析,对其构建问题提出了相应观点和建议,以期助益于我国环境侵害社会化救济制度的完善。%The risk escalation of agricultural environmental pollution and the deficiency of agricultural environment tort remedy lead to the benefit lose of victims, thus intensifying the conflicts in China. Thereby, it is indispensable that the socialized liability insurance of agricultural environment should take the priority to meet the internal demands of agricultural environment tort remedy. Analyzing the marketing theories of 4Ps and 4Cs in the construction of agricultural environmental liability insurance system, the paper puts forward relevant proposals for the improvement of the socialized environmental liability insurance in China.

  12. 7 CFR 27.9 - Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section. 27.9 Section 27.9 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE....9 Marketing Services Offices; Grading Section. Marketing Services Offices shall be maintained...

  13. 7 CFR 932.50 - Report of marketing policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Report of marketing policy. 932.50 Section 932.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Regulating Handling Regulations § 932.50 Report of marketing policy. At least 14 days prior to the start...

  14. 7 CFR 987.104 - Major marketing promotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Major marketing promotion. 987.104 Section 987.104 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... IN RIVERSIDE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA Administrative Rules Definitions § 987.104 Major marketing...

  15. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... § 958.91 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory handler requests the Secretary to...

  16. 7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section 916.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  17. 7 CFR 984.48 - Marketing estimates and recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing estimates and recommendations. 984.48 Section 984.48 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  18. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section 905.54 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  19. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE AND USE OF TERRITORY: THE DIALETIC BETWEEN NEW AND OLD, INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL, MARKET AND STATE IN AREAS OD CERRADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Frederico

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the expansion and consolidation of the modern agricultural frontier in the cerrado. In the second half of the XX century, Brazilian agriculture has had two periods of modernization: the first, in the 1970s, characterized by the Green Revolution paradigm, the formation of the agroindustrial complex and State regulation; and the second, in the 1990s, characterized by the emergence of globalized scientific agricultural, i.e. the use of new information technologies and the regulation of the crops produced by big companies. The new paradigms of agriculture have changed the relationship between the country and the city and especially that between the agricultural regions and the world economy.

  20. 农林产品营销理论的形成与发展%Formation and Development of Marketing Theory of Agricultural and Forestry(A & F) Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴秋生; 聂文昌

    2011-01-01

    The marketing theory of agricultural and forestry products is rich with the development of marketing theory.The process of formation and development of marketing a f products in Western were analyzed,as well as the development and application of the marketing theory of a f products in China,and then the development tendency of marketing theory of a f products in micro,medium and macro-aspect was pointed out.%农林产品营销理论随着市场营销理论的发展而丰富。分析农林产品营销在西方的形成、发展过程,以及农林产品营销理论在中国的发展与应用,指出我国农林产品营销理论在微观、中观和宏观方面的发展趋势。

  1. Analysis on China Agricultural Wholesale Market Informationization Demands and Three Dimensional Development Model%我国农产品批发市场信息化需求与三维发展模式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡天石

    2012-01-01

    with the development of global economic integration, domestic and foreign resources get used by the modern distribution, China agricultural wholesale market had the good development opportunities and serious challenge. Firstly, the author researched the relationship between the development of China agricultural wholesale market and informationization. Secondly, the author made conclusion that the agricultural wholesale market depend on informationization, from the evolution process of wholesale market. Then, the author addressed three-dimensional development mode of China agricultural wholesale market as the horizontal network, vertical integration and vertical virtualization of three-dimensional development model, and researched the association between three-dimensional model and the informationization.%随着全球经济一体化的发展,国内、国外两种资源、两个市场得到利用,现代流通方式的推广应用,我国农产品批发市场面临着良好的发展机遇,也同时面临着严峻挑战.本文分析了我国农产品批发市场的发展阶段与信息化间的内在关联性;从批发市场功能演进过程出发,判断出“我国农产品批发市场与信息化依存度逐步提高”的结论.提出了我国农产品批发市场的三维发展模式,即横向网络化、纵向一体化和竖向虚拟化的三维发展模式,并分析了三种模式与信息化之间的关系.在三维模式的基础上,提出了我国农产品批发市场三维立体发展空间模型.

  2. 78 FR 14071 - Notice of Appointment of Members to the National Agricultural Research, Extension, Education, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-04

    ... research in the food and agricultural sciences, food retailing and marketing, rural economic development... Retailing and Marketing Interests,'' Nancy Childs, Professor of Food Marketing, Saint Joseph's...

  3. 我国农产品新品种期货市场效率实证研究%Empirical Research on the Efficiency of New Products of Agriculture Commodity Futures Markets in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周蓓; 齐中英

    2013-01-01

    Empirical research on the efficiency of futures markets is the hot research field in futures markets. This paper examines the efficiency of random walk hypothesis for the new products of agriculture commodity futures markets in China:palm oil, colza oil and early long-grain rice futures which all come into the market after 2007. The random walk hypothesis is tested with Lo-MacKinlay variance ratio test and unit root test. We found that these three new products futures markets all follow the random walk hypothesis and therefore all reach the weak-form efficiency. This result shows although new products futures enter the market not long, but they are under the normal operation and steady development in the many joint efforts. Moreover, the successful coming into the market and effective operation of these new products futures must provide valuable experiences for the new products of agriculture commodity futures which will come into the market later.%  期货市场效率的实证研究是期货市场的一个热点研究领域。本文采用方差比方法并结合单位根方法,对我国07年以后上市的农产品期货新品种棕榈油、菜籽油及早籼稻期货市场的效率进行了随机游走检验,结果表明:这3个农产品新品种期货市场均满足随机游走假设,全部达到了信息弱式有效。这一实证结果说明,农产品期货新品种上市时间虽然不长,但是在多方的共同努力下,市场整体运行规范,稳步发展,在扶持现代农业发展中发挥了积极作用;并且农产品期货新品种的成功上市、有效运行,无疑为进一步农产品期货新品种的推出提供了值得借鉴的宝贵经验。

  4. Tarım Dışı Ürünlerde Pazara Giriş (NAMA Müzakereleri ve Türkiye (Non-Agricultural Market Access Negotiations and Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şahin YAMAN

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay tries to analyse Turkey’s position and constraints in the WTO Nonagricultural Market Access Negotiations (NAMA especially vis-à-vis developing countries.It basically, underlines Turkey’s unique negotiating position; de jure developing, de facto an advanced economy status in the WTO Doha NAMA negotiations.At Doha Ministerial Meeting in 2001, WTO members agreed to initiate negotiations to further liberalize trade, among other areas, on non-agricultural goods. For this purpose, the Negotiating Group on Market Access (NGMA was created at the first meeting of the Trade Negotiations Committee of the WTO, in early 2002. Turkey has been quite active since then in NAMA negotiations in calibrating its position between offensive and defensive negotiation interests although its offensive market access interests largely outweigh defensive one.Turkey has also been propagating an offensive non-linear tariff cutting Swiss Formula approach at the WTO to curb the international high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations. Having a strong offensive market access interests, Turkey mainly aims at large developing country markets diversifying its trade portfolio away from traditional markets towards large developing economies.From the perspective of governance, Turkey has serious constraints on its trade and industry policy space stemming from the Turkey-EU Customs Union (CU. Although Turkey is a de jure developing country in the WTO and will have all legal rights and mobligations stemming from the outcome of the DOHA, in practice, Turkey will have to implement the same applied common external tariffs of the EU. Despite the constraints and dilemmas stemming from the EU-Turkey customs union, it can be strongly argued that, it is in Turkey’s industrial interests to be actively involved in the WTO to tackle the high tariffs, tariff peaks and escalations which hinders Turkey’s exports to the world markets.

  5. Marketing Maine Tablestock Potatoes

    OpenAIRE

    Berney, Gerald; Grajewski, Gregory; Hinman, Don; Prater, Marvin E.; Taylor, April

    2010-01-01

    The Marketing Services Division of USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) was asked by USDA’s Agricultural Research Service (ARS) National Program Leader and ARS’s New England Soil and Water Research Laboratory personnel to help with existing efforts to assist Maine fresh potato farmers in their search for alternative marketing strategies, and reverse the recent decline in the profitability of their operations. ARS researchers previously had conducted an exhaustive study defining possibl...

  6. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  7. 我国征地补偿中的农地市场价值评估模型及应用%Market Value Assessment and Practice Analysis in China's Agricultural Land Expropriation Compensation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐济益; 黄涛珍

    2014-01-01

    Since China's current agricultural land evaluation is unfair , landless farmers lost interests seri-ously, the discussion on agricultural land market value assessment is of great significance for the con -struction of a fair agricultural land acquisition compensation system .Putting the operating income rights value, the location value, the social security value, the development rights value and intergenerational distribution value into the basic value structure of agricultural land , and embedded variables , such as the relations between supply and demand of agricultural land , we build a market value assessment model for agricultural land .Then sub-models are constructed , using dynamic income approach and the method for correction factor and indicator system , we evaluate the operating income rights value and the location val-ue of agricultural land respectively , and estimate the social security value , the development rights value and intergenerational distribution value of agricultural land .The empirical test results based on the case of agricultural land expropriation in L County , Anhui Province show: agricultural land market value is 107,970.72 Yuan per mu in L County, Anhui Province, much higher than the compensation those land-less farmers got .%鉴于中国现行的农地价值评估有失公允,被征地农民利益流失严重的状况,探讨农地市场价值评估对于建构公正的征地补偿制度具有重要意义。将农地经营收益权价值、农地区位价值、农地社会保障价值、农地发展权价值以及代际分配价值纳入农地基本价值结构,嵌入农地供求关系等变量,构建农地市场价值评估模型。继而建立子模型逐项跟进分析,分别采用动态收益还原法和建立修正因素因子指标体系的方法,对农地经营收益权价值与农地区位价值进行评估,同时测算了农地社会保障价值、发展权价值以及代际分配价值。基于安徽省L县

  8. Structural Adjustment of Oasis Agriculture in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Jun; Zhang Xiaolei

    2005-01-01

    Xinjiang's oasis agriculture has made enormous strides over past decades. Structural adjustment of oasis agriculture sector has promoted production diversification. Xinjiang's oasis agriculture sector is entering a new era. The era means more adjustments in oasis agricultural and rural economic structure so as to realize the sustainable development of agriculture. By summing and analyzing the main problems in Xinjinag's oasis agricultural structure,such as raising farmer's income, industry structure within agriculture, rural urbanization, pressure coming from market, agricultural environment degradation,puts forward the thinking, director and countermeasures to adjust oasis agricultural structure.

  9. Marketing Farm Grain Crops.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridenour, Harlan E.

    This vocational agriculture curriculum on grain marketing contains three parts: teacher guide, student manual, and student workbook. All three are coordinated and cross-referenced. The course is designed to give students of grain marketing a thorough background in the subject and provide practical help in developing grain marketing strategies for…

  10. The Analysis of Marketing Strategy for Senior Agricultural Products Based on Consumer Demand%基于消费需求的高端农产品营销策略分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓丽

    2014-01-01

    通过判断抽样选取高端农产品的购买者进行访谈,深入调查消费者购买高端农产品的需求状况。针对消费者在购买高端农产品时所表现出的生理和安全需求、情感和品牌需求、沟通需求、精神和体验需求,提出通过强化消费者的感性和理性认知、塑造个性品牌、拓宽销售渠道、提炼核心卖点、深入开展体验营销、实行差异化营销等策略来打造企业个性化营销方案,全方位满足消费者的各种需求。%Through selecting senior agricultural products buyers for depth interviews by judgment sampling, the purchase demand for senior agricultural products is investigated. Aimed at the four types of purchase demand for senior agricultural products, i.e., physiological and safety requirements, emotional and branding requirements, communication requirements, and spiritual and experiential requirements, an individualized marketing proposal is put forward that consumer’s requirements can be fully satisfied by intensifying consumers’ perceptual and rational cognition, building personality brands, broadening sales channels, refining the core selling point, deepening experiential marketing, and implementing a differentiated marketing strategy.

  11. 基于层次分析法的农产品产销对接效果评价模型%An AHP Based Evaluation Model for Agricultural Production and Marketing Docking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学馨; 钱建平; 邢斌

    2012-01-01

    为了让政府在产销对接中对农产品交易市场进行有效的信息引导.以政府在产销对接中的职能为核心,基于层次分析法建立产销对接效果评价指标体系,选取3个一级指标和11个二级指标,在确定评价指标权重的基础上采用加权平均法建立产销对接效果评价模型.通过模拟3个区县级产销对接主管部门开展的对接情况为研究对象,应用该模型对模拟数据进行实例研究.结果表明:该模型能够在已知各对接主管部门对接情况的基础上计算得出对接效果评价的评价值及排序结果.%In order to improve the efficiency of the government guidance in agricultural market information, the docking evaluation model should be established. In this study, based on the role of the government in the production and marketing docking, we built the evaluation index system, including 3 primary index and 11 secondary indexes, with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). Mean while, the model for the effect evaluation of production and marketing docking were established by using weighted average method. In the empirical study part, we simulated three authorities for agricultural products management to test the established model. The results showed that the model had a good outcome in the effect evaluation of production and marketing docking, and the sorting result could also be drawn by the evaluation values.

  12. organic agriculture in Syria : policy options

    OpenAIRE

    Santucci, Fabio M.

    2010-01-01

    The author analyses present difficulties of conventional agriculture in Syria. Market opportunities, in Syria and abroad, are illustrated. Possible actions and participatory approach are thus covered.

  13. Feasibility study for a 10 MM GPY fuel ethanol plant, Brady Hot Springs, Nevada. Volume II. Geothermal resource, agricultural feedstock, markets and economic viability

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-09-01

    The issues of the geothermal resource at Brady's Hot Springs are dealt with: the prospective supply of feedstocks to the ethanol plant, the markets for the spent grain by-products of the plant, the storage, handling and transshipment requirements for the feedstocks and by-products from a rail siding facility at Fernley, the probable market for fuel ethanol in the region, and an assessment of the economic viability of the entire undertaking.

  14. Community Supported Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Givens, Emily

    2009-01-01

    A report on the definition, history, production, membership and local benefits of community supported agriculture. Editor's note: the following article was written as a class assignment for Dr. Greg Welbaum's Vegetable Production course at Virginia Tech. Emily provides some good history and information on the CSA marketing option for specialty crop growers." "Originally printed in Virginia Vegetable, Small Fruit and Specialty Crops, June 2002

  15. Mexico Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Cahill, Carmel; Jotanovic, Aleksandar; Abraham, Cally

    2008-01-01

    As a NAFTA partner and Canada's third largest export market for agri-food products, developments in Mexico are of direct interest to Canada. Rural poverty, low productivity, poor infrastructure and unclear property rights for both land and water still inhibit the efforts of Mexico's government to improve competitiveness of its agricultural sector.

  16. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agricultu......, - environmental impact and nature, - potentials of organic farming, - community, consumer and market, and - policy and financial strategies.......The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture...

  17. 7 CFR 28.904 - Market news.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market news. 28.904 Section 28.904 Agriculture..., TESTING, AND STANDARDS Cotton Classification and Market News Service for Producers Classification and Market News Services § 28.904 Market news. The Director shall cause to be distributed to producers...

  18. 兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓问题研究%Research on Expending International Markets of XPCC’s Leading Enterprises in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄彩香

    2014-01-01

    该文对兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓状况进行分析,发现其存在番茄出口所占比重过大,国际市场进入模式相对单一,抵御国际市场风险能力较弱,缺乏国际知名品牌等问题,并从企业营销和政府保障角度提出了相应的对策和建议:实施差异化营销战略,分散国际市场开拓风险;加大产品研发投入和技术创新,提高农产品质量;积极开展境外投资合作,以多种方式进入海外市场;加强同行业合作,提高国际市场话语权;强化番茄产业化成果,打造国际知名品牌。%Analyzing the current situation of expending international markets of XPCC’s leading entreprises in agricultural industrialization, the paper finds there exist such problems as big ratios of tomato exportation, single mode of international market entry, weak strength against the international market risks, and lack of internationally renowned brands. In light of enterprise marketing and government guarantee, the paper proposes corresponding countermeasures as follows: first, practicing differentiated marketing strategy to decrease international marketing risks; second, increasing investment in product R&D and technological innovation to improve the quality of produces; third, carrying out overseas investment and cooperation to diversify the market entry mode; fourth, cooperating with peer enterprises to volume up our voice in the international market; last, enhancing the tomato industrialization to create an internationally-known brand.

  19. Niche and Direct Marketing in the Rural-Urban Fringe: Study of the Agricultural Economy in the Shadow of a Large City

    OpenAIRE

    Tracy Stobbe; Alison Eagle; G. Cornelis van Kooten

    2009-01-01

    Farmers in the rural-urban fringe (RUF) face unique challenges. Spillovers from the urban region and competition for land increase the costs of farming relative to farming farther removed. Yet, there is greater potential for off-farm employment and niche marketing of farm products, providing more income options to RUF farmers. In this research, we employ a survey of direct- and niche-marketing farmers located in the RUF of Vancouver, Canada to examine how the rural-urban interface affects far...

  20. Industrial relations in agriculture examined

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. Schaapman

    2003-01-01

    Agriculture remains an important part of the Dutch economy, accounting for around 10%of GDP . The sector is currently undergoing major changes in terms of production, markets and technology, with important implications for employment. This article examines industrial relations in agriculture, lookin

  1. Effects of institutional changes on land use: agricultural land abandonment during the transition from state-command to market-driven economies in post-Soviet Eastern Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prishchepov, Alexander V.; Radeloff, Volker C.; Baumann, Matthias; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Müller, Daniel

    2012-06-01

    Institutional settings play a key role in shaping land cover and land use. Our goal was to understand the effects of institutional changes on agricultural land abandonment in different countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union after the collapse of socialism. We studied ˜273 800 km2 (eight Landsat footprints) within one agro-ecological zone stretching across Poland, Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania and European Russia. Multi-seasonal Landsat TM/ETM + satellite images centered on 1990 (the end of socialism) and 2000 (one decade after the end of socialism) were used to classify agricultural land abandonment using support vector machines. The results revealed marked differences in the abandonment rates between countries. The highest rates of land abandonment were observed in Latvia (42% of all agricultural land in 1990 was abandoned by 2000), followed by Russia (31%), Lithuania (28%), Poland (14%) and Belarus (13%). Cross-border comparisons revealed striking differences; for example, in the Belarus-Russia cross-border area there was a great difference between the rates of abandonment of the two countries (10% versus 47% of abandonment). Our results highlight the importance of institutions and policies for land-use trajectories and demonstrate that radically different combinations of institutional change of strong institutions during the transition can reduce the rate of agricultural land abandonment (e.g., in Belarus and in Poland). Inversely, our results demonstrate higher abandonment rates for countries where the institutions that regulate land use changed and where the institutions took more time to establish (e.g., Latvia, Lithuania and Russia). Better knowledge regarding the effects of such broad-scale change is essential for understanding land-use change and for designing effective land-use policies. This information is particularly relevant for Northern Eurasia, where rapid land-use change offers vast opportunities for carbon balance and biodiversity

  2. 基于电子商务环境下的特色农产品营销探究%Study on the characteristics of agricultural products marketing based on e-commerce environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海平

    2013-01-01

    近年来,电子商务得到了迅猛的发展。如何通过电子商务对农产品进行销售,是大家都关心的一个重要问题,文章从在电子商务环境下农产品如何开展营销活动入手,研究了当前形势下我国农产品电子商务存在的问题,并提出了应对措施。%In recent years,with the rapid development of electronic commerce.How the e-commerce for sales of agricultural products,is an important problem of concern to everyone,from how to agricultural products under the environment of e-commerce marketing activities of research,the existing e-commerce of agricultural products in China under the current situation,problems,and the countermeasures were put forward.

  3. 7 CFR 1207.310 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year mean the 12-month period from July 1 through June 30 of the... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1207.310 Section 1207.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  4. 7 CFR 1280.109 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... § 1280.109 Fiscal period and marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year means the 12-month period... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1280.109 Section 1280.109 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  5. 7 CFR 1210.310 - Fiscal period and marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing year. Fiscal period and marketing year mean the 12 month period from January 1 to December 31 or... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fiscal period and marketing year. 1210.310 Section 1210.310 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL...

  6. 7 CFR 1221.17 - Net market value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Net market value. 1221.17 Section 1221.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS... any Commodity Credit Corporation price support loan program, the principal amount of the loan....

  7. Climate Change, farm level adaption measures and Impacts on Crop productivity and market participation: Implications for sustainable synergy between African and European Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Olarinde, Luke O.; Adepoju, Adebusola A.; Jabaru, Muritala O.

    2014-01-01

    It is widely known that climate change and agriculture are interrelated process, both of which take place on a global scale. In effect, crop and animal farming, fisheries, forestry, with the resultant access to food and fibre in many continents and regions of the world are projected to be severely compromised by climate variability and change. Several strategies aimed at reducing climate variability induced hazards abound. These include cultural and conventional food and farming systems to cl...

  8. The market for hedging services: a marketing-finance approach.

    OpenAIRE

    Pennings, J.M.E.

    1998-01-01

    Due to the recent and proposed reductions in price support for agricultural products, as a part of the European Union's common agricultural policy, an increase in price volatility for agricultural raw materials is perceptible. This causes an increase in price risk, both for the primary agricultural company and the affiliated agribusiness. For a risk-averse entrepreneur, the higher price volatility in the market of agricultural raw materials will increase his or her need for price risk managem...

  9. The difference in agricultural production cost among European and non-European countries – potato and tomato – market challenges for import-export

    OpenAIRE

    Valogiannis, Elias

    2012-01-01

    The complicated world of fresh fruits and vegetables commerce has inspired me to proceed with this project. The main topic of this research is the production cost of tomato and potato which are the highest- in consumption -vegetables in the Greek market. The study is focused on Greek production versus rest countries around it (European and non European countries) which export these products under specific circumstances. By stating European countries, it is implied that the countries are laid ...

  10. Agricultural Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehigh County Area Vocational-Technical School, Schnecksville, PA.

    This brochure describes the philosophy and scope of a secondary-level course in agricultural production. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: careers in agriculture and agribusiness, animal science and livestock production, agronomy, agricultural mechanics, supervised occupational experience programs, and the…

  11. 7 CFR 170.6 - How are potential market participants identified for the USDA Farmers Market?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How are potential market participants identified for... FARMERS MARKET § 170.6 How are potential market participants identified for the USDA Farmers Market? Potential market participants are recruited by AMS market management through local farm organizations in...

  12. Spatial distribution of Aglais urticae (L.) and its host plant Urtica dioica (L.) in an agricultural landscape: implications for Bt maize risk assessment and post-market monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gathmann, Achim; Wirooks, Ludger; Eckert, Jörg; Schuphan, Ingolf

    2006-01-01

    Over the past decades, genes of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki (Berliner) (Bt) coding for protein toxins have been engineered into maize for protection against the European Corn Borer (Ostrinia nubilalis (Hbn.)). However, these transgenic plants may have an impact on non-target organisms. In particular, a potential hazard was identified for non-target lepidopteran larvae, if they consume Bt maize pollen on their host plants. Risk can be defined as a function of the effect of an event (hazard) and the likelihood of this event occurring. Although data on toxicity (hazard) are available from many lab and field studies, knowledge about the environmental exposure of European lepidopteran larvae is incomplete at the population level. Therefore we studied the distribution of small tortoiseshell caterpillars (Aglais urticae (L.)) and its host plant in an agricultural landscape in Germany, to estimate the potential population exposure to maize pollen. The results showed that larvae of the small tortoiseshell developed primarily on freshly sprouted nettle stands (Urtica dioica (L.)) in field margins, rather than adjacent to hedges and groves. However, the main distribution was at margins of cereal (non-maize) fields, where 70% of all larvae were found. This may be due the fact that cereals covered 54% of the survey area, while maize only covered 6.1%. On the other hand, maize fields seem so show higher food plant densities than cereal crops. The results must be interpreted carefully, as the data basis of the present study is very small, and the situation can vary between years due to crop rotation or other changes in agricultural practices. Therefore it is still questionable whether the small tortoiseshell is significantly exposed to maize pollen. For a conclusive risk assessment, more replications and surveys of larger areas in different intensively managed agricultural landscapes over several years are needed. PMID:16978572

  13. 农村鲜活农产品物流市场整合战略研究%Study on Integration Strategy of Rural Fresh Agricultural Produce Logistics Market

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, in view of the current status and characteristics of the rural fresh agricultural produce logistics market, we analyzed the limitation of the current logistics mode, then on such basis, proposed three integration strategies, which were horizontal integration, vertical integration and platform integration, and at the end, proposed the corresponding suggestions for the problems in the integration process.%根据农村鲜活农产品物流市场的现状和特点,分析现有物流模式的局限性,在此基础上提出三种整合战略,包括横向整合、纵向整合和平台式整合,最后针对整合过程中的问题提出了相应建议。

  14. Agricultural Waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Ling; Zhang, Panpan; Shu, Huajie; Chang, Chein-Chi; Wang, Renqing; Zhang, Shuping

    2016-10-01

    In recent years, the quantity of agricultural waste has been rising rapidly all over the world. As a result, the environmental problems and negative impacts of agricultural waste are drawn more and more attention. Therefore, there is a need to adopt proper approaches to reduce and reuse agricultural waste. This review presented about 200 literatures published in 2015 relating to the topic of agricultural waste. The review examined research on agricultural waste in 2015 from the following four aspects: the characterization, reuse, treatment, and management. Researchers highlighted the importance to reuse agricultural waste and investigated the potential to utilize it as biofertilizers, cultivation material, soil amendments, adsorbent, material, energy recycling, enzyme and catalyst etc. The treatment of agricultural waste included carbonization, biodegradation, composting hydrolysis and pyrolysis. Moreover, this review analyzed the differences of the research progress in 2015 from 2014. It may help to reveal the new findings and new trends in this field in 2015 comparing to 2014. PMID:27620093

  15. 7 CFR 205.606 - Nonorganically produced agricultural products allowed as ingredients in or on processed products...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Administrative The National List of Allowed and Prohibited...

  16. 7 CFR 205.670 - Inspection and testing of agricultural product to be sold or labeled “organic.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM... or food group(s))” must be made accessible by certified organic production or handling operations...

  17. Rural Marketing in India –Challenges, Opportunities and Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Abhisek Kumar Tripathi

    2012-01-01

    The rural market in Indian economy can be classified under two broad categories. These are the market for consumer goods that comprise of both durable and non-durable goods and the market for agricultural inputs that include fertilizers, pesticides, seeds Key words: rural marketing, marketing, challenges in rural marketing, rural marketing environment

  18. Research on the O2O Intelligent Marketing System of Jiaxing’s Organic Products Based on the Ecological Agriculture Base%基于生态农业基地的嘉兴有机农产品O2O智能销售系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈杰

    2015-01-01

    Based on the survey of Jiaxing’s organic agricultural product marketing, this paper analyzed the development status and existing problems of organic agricultural products online marketing, and proposed to building the O2O intelligent marketing system of Jiaxing’s organic products by using cloud computing platform and RFID smart sale system, so as to perfect the marketing mode combining online and offline marketing and quality safety traceability system, reduce marketing cost and upgrade the quality safety level of organic agricultural products.%以嘉兴有机农产品销售现状调研为基础,分析影响有机农产品线上市场发展现状和存在的问题,并提出利用云计算平台、RFID智能销售系统管理等先进信息技术构建嘉兴有机农产品O2O智能销售管理系统,进而完善有机农产品线上和线下有机结合的销售模式,从而实现有机农产品的质量安全溯源体系,充分降低销售成本,提升有机农产品的质量安全档次[8]。

  19. Study on Establishment of Supply Chain Management Mode of Agricultural Produce Wholesaling Markets in Henan%河南省农产品批发市场供应链管理模式构建研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂玉敏

    2014-01-01

    分析当前河南农产品流通发展现状,学习美国等发达国家生鲜农产品供应链管理的经验,通过对农产品供应链管理的形成条件进行分析,构建批发市场主导的生鲜农产品供应链管理模式,并以河南省商丘农产品中心批发市场为例进行了实证分析。%In this paper, we analyzed the current status of the agricultural produce circulation industry in Henan, studied the experience of the advanced countries in terms of fresh farm produce supply chain management, analyzed the condition for the formation of the farm produce supply chain management system, established the wholesaling market dominated fresh farm produce supply chain management mode, and at the end, had an empirical analysis on the Shangqiu farm produce central wholesaling market in Henan.

  20. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    TO THE POINT: China’s stock market must have a touch of spring fever. Just two weeks ago, the number of new fund accounts in January surged to 1.85 million, five times more than the same period of the previous year. But a week later fund management companies suffered from customers pulling out. Experts warned of a bubble in the stock market but securities companies seemed confident. Meanwhile, Agricultural Bank of China has a lot more spring in its step toward listing. Seeing three other Big Four banks being list- ed, Agricultural Bank of China certainly doesn’t want to be left behind. It is sparing no efforts in delving into its inner problems and the Big Four banks will likely enjoy a complete family reunion in the stock markets in 2008. In other news, China’s no spring chicken. It knows its way around the international trade game, and is dealing with unfair trade allegations from both the United States and the European Union. China is also fighting back, protecting itself from dumping from other nations as well. Finally, Lenovo isn’t full of the joys of spring. Its lack of profitability in America is becoming an eyesore on the company’s financial reports. By LIU YUNYUN

  1. Risk governance in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bachev, Hrabrin

    2008-01-01

    This paper identifies and assesses the efficiency of major modes for risk governance in agriculture on the base of Bulgarian dairy farming. Firstly, the New Institutional and Transaction Costs Economics is incorporated and a framework for analysis of the governance of natural, market, private, and social (institutional) risks presented. Next, the pace and challenges of the dairy farming development during the post-communist transition and EU integration is outlined. Third, major types of risk...

  2. The Multi-layer Agriculture Marketing Development Pattern of Circular Economy Framework---Based on Central Plains%基于循环经济框架的多层农业营销发展模式探讨--以中原地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈香

    2014-01-01

    Abstact:Central plains are the main agricultural areas, and agricultural marketing is of great significance for the regional agricultural economy. Through the establishment of agricultural circular economy index system of the central plains,the author located the regional agricultural recycling economy development characteristics and focus,considering the regional agricultural recycling economy development barriers and pitfalls as well, and designed its core framework with two key innovations for the central plains agricultural marketing.%中原地区作为农业主产区,农业营销对区域农业经济的发展具有十分重要的意义。通过对中原地区农业循环经济指标体系的建立,寻找该区域农业循环经济发展的特点和着眼点,结合该区域农业循环经济发展的壁垒和缺陷,为中原地区农业营销设计核心框架和两重关键创新。

  3. Extension’s Role in Commodity Marketing Education: Past, Present, and Future

    OpenAIRE

    Riley, John M.

    2013-01-01

    Historically, market situation and outlook has often included some form of price forecast. Recent volatility in agricultural commodity markets is making price forecasts challenging and at times less reliable. In addressing this price volatility, changes in agricultural markets are highlighted along with price forecasts: pre- and post-increased market volatility. Given these recent challenges, the future of Extension agricultural commodity marketing is discussed.

  4. National Farmers Market Summit Proceedings Report

    OpenAIRE

    Tropp, Debra; Barham, James

    2008-01-01

    The USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), in partnership with the Farmers Market Consortium, hosted the National Farmers Market Summit November 7–9, 2007, in Baltimore, MD. The Summit assembled key stakeholders from the farmers market community to convene a national conversation on issues and challenges facing today’s farmers markets. The National Farmers Market Summit had three broad objectives: (1) Identify farmers market needs and existing gaps in assistance, (2) Prioritize future res...

  5. 7 CFR 1221.15 - Market.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SORGHUM PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Sorghum Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1221.15 Market. Market... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market. 1221.15 Section 1221.15...

  6. 7 CFR 760.818 - Marketing contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing contracts. 760.818 Section 760.818... AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INDEMNITY PAYMENT PROGRAMS 2005-2007 Crop Disaster Program § 760.818 Marketing contracts. (a) A marketing contract must meet all of the conditions outlined in paragraphs (b), (c), and...

  7. AN OVERVIEW OF ICT IN INDIAN AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Joshi, Saurabh Arvind

    2010-01-01

    A new paradigm of agricultural development is fast emerging. In developing and developed countries the overall development of agriculture is expanding in new directions. Information Communication Technology (ICT) plays a key role in improving the availability of agricultural production and market information in developing countries. Agriculture sector is the backbone of India's rural economy. With changing food consumption patterns, growth of organised food retailing, and favourable governme...

  8. Competitiveness of Romanian Agriculture after EU Accession

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela NECULITA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to determine whether after joining European Union, Romanian agriculture became more competitiveness on Unique Market. Romania need significant financial help to solve various structural problems, one of the main problems being the low competitiveness in attracting European funds. Taking all the aspects into consideration, this paper trying to develop an objective analysis of the current state of Romanian agriculture competitiveness, by means of pertinent data and statistics. Competitiveness increase, not only in agriculture, has become a primordial framework of the economic development strategies of most world countries. Agriculture can be an important asset for Romania, in the battle to become more competitive to the European level. Romania should win the market share and increase its exports to the EU market. According to European officials, Romania should find gaps on an already competitive market or to become competitive on new markets.

  9. MARKET WATCH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    TO THE POINT: First month economic data showed that the Chinese economy continued its strong momentum in spite of tightened government regulation. The stock market recovered slightly from the nosedive of the past several months, but shares of financial institutions dropped. The Bank of China reassured investors of its sound performance despite subprime-related concerns, while Agricultural Bank of China is still struggling for a public listing. International iron ore price rise settled at 65 percent, adding huge costs to domestic steel companies. China is preparing an appeal to the World Trade Organization after the world body issued a negative ruling against the country on auto spare parts. By LIU YUNYUN

  10. Strategies for Development of Shaanxi’s Agricultural Insurance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces current situations of agricultural insurance market in Shaanxi Province. It is indicated that development of Shaanxi’s agricultural insurance industry is faced with following difficulties. First, risks of agricultural production are various, occurrence frequency is high and losses are great. Second, effective supply of commercial insurance companies for agriculture is seriously inadequate. Third, farmers’ demand for agricultural insurance is restricted by many factors. Fourth, government support for agricultural insurance is not generous. Then, it puts forward strategies for development of agricultural insurance in Shaanxi Province. These include: encourage commercial insurance companies to actively enter agricultural insurance market; establish perfect agricultural reinsurance system; strengthen propaganda of agricultural insurance and speed up agricultural industrialization; enhance policy support for agricultural insurance to promote its development.

  11. Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Beijing Modern Urban Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyze development situations of Beijing modern urban agriculture from agricultural distribution,agricultural foundation and agricultural industrial system.Our research on challenges and opportunities of Beijing modern urban agriculture indicates that challenges include short of resources,deterioration of environment,and high production cost,and opportunities include large market space,advanced agricultural industrial experience and many other development opportunities.On the basis of these,we put forward development thought of Beijing modern urban agriculture in " the Twelfth Five Plan" period.We must improve foundation,integration and demonstration of agriculture;orient towards market and satisfy medium and high end market demands;actively cultivate and strengthen agricultural industrial level;create unique product brand;and raise added value of agricultural products.

  12. Center Pivot Irrigated Agriculture, Libya

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    A view of the Faregh Agricultural Station in the Great Calanscio Sand Sea, Libya (26.5N, 22.0E) about 300 miles southeast of Benghazi. A pattern of water wells have been drilled several miles apart to support a quarter mile center-pivot-swing-arm agricultural irrigation system. The crop grown is alfalfa which is eaten on location by flocks of sheep following the swing arm as it rotates. At maturity, the sheep are flown to market throughout Libya.

  13. 7 CFR 205.310 - Agricultural products produced on an exempt or excluded operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) ORGANIC FOODS PRODUCTION ACT PROVISIONS NATIONAL ORGANIC PROGRAM Labels, Labeling, and... excluded operation as a certified organic operation, or (2) Be represented as a certified organic...

  14. Market principles toward the land plots assessment

    OpenAIRE

    A. Koshel

    2015-01-01

    Market principles toward the agricultural land plots assessment and the features are analyzed. The detailed study of economic valuation principles of agricultural land is conducted. Application of the principles of such evaluation in the process of mass valuation is suggested

  15. Changing Climate Is Affecting Agriculture in the U.S.

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Research Food and Agriculture Research OPEDA Scholarship Program MARKETING AND TRADE Exporting Goods Importing Goods Newsroom Agency ... and amplify, producers will be faced with the challenges of adapting. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack gave a ...

  16. 76 FR 10555 - Marketing Orders for Nectarines and Peaches Grown in California; Notice of Request for New...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-25

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Marketing Orders for Nectarines and Peaches Grown in California; Notice of Request for New Information Collection AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA... (44 U.S.C. chapter 35), this notice announces the Agricultural Marketing Service's (AMS) intention...

  17. 7 CFR 1005.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1005.86 Section 1005... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE APPALACHIAN MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  18. 7 CFR 1032.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1032.86 Section 1032... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE CENTRAL MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  19. 7 CFR 1131.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1131.86 Section 1131... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE ARIZONA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  20. 7 CFR 1006.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1006.86 Section 1006... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE FLORIDA MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  1. 7 CFR 1001.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1001.86 Section 1001... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE NORTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  2. 7 CFR 1030.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1030.86 Section 1030... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  3. 7 CFR 1007.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1007.86 Section 1007... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  4. 7 CFR 1000.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1000.86 Section 1000... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL PROVISIONS OF FEDERAL MILK MARKETING ORDERS Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction § 1000.86 Deduction...

  5. 7 CFR 1126.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1126.86 Section 1126... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE SOUTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  6. 7 CFR 1124.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1124.86 Section 1124... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  7. 7 CFR 1033.86 - Deduction for marketing services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Deduction for marketing services. 1033.86 Section 1033... SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MILK IN THE MIDEAST MARKETING AREA Order Regulating Handling Administrative Assessment and Marketing Service Deduction §...

  8. SMEs IN FUNCTION OF DEVELOPMENT OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE IN SERBIA

    OpenAIRE

    Popović, Blaženka; Maletic, Radojka; Paunović, Tamara

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural production is very diverse and gives the great opportunities for various activities of small and medium enterprises. There is a great competition for placement of agricultural and food products, on both, domestic and international food markets. In a situation where there is a hyper production of agricultural products in the European market, the export of agricultural and food products is possible only if it offers organic products, for which there is a great demand. Organic produ...

  9. 7 CFR 1000.25 - Market administrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 9 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Market administrator. 1000.25 Section 1000.25... Rules of Practice and Procedure Governing Market Administrators § 1000.25 Market administrator. (a) Designation. The agency for the administration of the order shall be a market administrator selected by...

  10. Recognizing risk in global agriculture: a summary of the 2011 Agricultural Symposium

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Henderson

    2011-01-01

    Historically, record profits in the agriculture industry have been fleeting - farm booms have been followed by busts. Recent profitability suggests agriculture has entered a new "golden era." Still the glint of banner profits could turn out to be fool's gold amid soaring market risks and volatile commodity prices. ; Henderson reports on the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City's agriculture symposium- "Recognizing Risk in Global Agriculture"-July 19 and 20, 2011, in Kansas City. About 200 agri...

  11. 7 CFR 27.95 - Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations. 27.95 Section 27.95 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE... and Differences § 27.95 Spot markets to conform to Act and regulations. Every bona fide spot...

  12. 农产品批发市场建设规模的影响因素分析——以滁州农产品批发市场为例%Analysis of the Influencing Factors of the Construction Scale on Local Wholescale Market of Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张磊

    2013-01-01

    在农产品批发市场建设规划初期,市场规模问题易被忽视,规模过大会造成城市土地资源浪费,规模偏小会带来后期市场运营效率低下、效益不高,因此在规划前期应从农产品的货源类型、流向和居民消费需要等方面考虑经济发展和区位交通条件等实际情况,重点且有差异性地突出区域性农产品批发市场的建设规模,以此促进各项资源整合.在整理相关资料,分析影响市场建设规模的地区发展因素和交通区位因素的前提下,结合滁州农产品批发市场建设案例,分析其产业、区位、交通优势及经济环境、市场现状、建设条件等因素,最后对农产品批发市场建设规模进行了市场预测.%In the early stage of agricultural products wholesale market construction,the problem of market scale is easy to be ignored.Too large scale will cause the waste of city land resource,too small scale will bring market operating low efficiency and benefit at the late stage.The economic development and location traffic conditions should be considered from aspects of agricultural products origin types,flow direction and residents' consumption.The construction scale of regional agricultural products wholesale market should be distinguishingly treated,so as to promote integration of resources.On the basis of organizing related material,analyzing regional development factors and traffic location factors,combined with the case of Chuzhou agricultural products wholesale market,the industry,location,transport advantages,economic environment,market status,construction conditions were analyzed.Finally,influencing factors for influencing construction scale of agricultural products wholesale market were discussed.

  13. 78 FR 9330 - Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-08

    ... Federal Register on August 4, 1988 (53 FR 29327). For each of these bona fide spot markets, the Cotton and...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 27 RIN 0581-AD26 Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Proposed...

  14. Agricultural methanization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly outlined the interest of the development of methanization of agricultural by-products in the context of struggle against climate change, and noticed that France is only now developing this sector as some other countries already did, this publication describes the methanization process also called anaerobic digestion, which produces a digestate and biogas. Advantages for the agriculture sector are outlined, as well as drawbacks and recommendations (required specific technical abilities, an attention to the use of energetic crops, an improved economic balance which still depends on public subsidies, competition in the field of waste processing). Actions undertaken by the ADEME are briefly evoked

  15. The Dualism of Asymmetric Information in Agricultural Insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuemei Yang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Asymmetric information objectively exists in the insurance market, especially in agricultural insurance, which has a great impact on the insurance contract and market operation. This paper designs two game models to analyse the dualism of asymmetric information in agricultural insurance and its reasons of forming. We find that, the particularity of agricultural production, the agricultural risk diversification and the benefits’ spillover of the agricultural insurance are the main causes of asymmetric information. Therefore, this paper puts forward that establishment of appropriate agricultural insurance mode, optimization of insurance policy design and increasing investment in science and technology, increasing farmers’ insurance consciousness and establishing supervision system

  16. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    STEVENS, GLENN Z.

    FEDERAL LEGISLATION HAS PROVIDED FOR PUBLIC PROGRAMS OF OCCUPATIONAL AGRICULTURE EDUCATION IN LAND GRANT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS, AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS. PROGRAM OBJECTIVES SHOULD BE TO DEVELOP KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS, PROVIDE OCCUPATIONAL GUIDANCE AND PLACEMENT, AND DEVELOP ABILITIES IN HUMAN RELATIONS AND…

  17. 浅议农业银行金融产品创新与拓展县域市场的关系%On the Relations between the Innovation of Agricultural Bank's Financial Products and the Widening of County Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立

    2011-01-01

    Taking the economic, industrial and humane characteristics in counties into consideration, this paper suggests the development of agricultural bank in county economy by correct market positioning and innovation of financial products, in order to widen county markets and carry out businesses concerning the three agriculture-related issues.%本文针对县域经济、产业、人文等特点,提出了农业银行在县域经济中,通过市场的正确定位、金融产品的创新等过程实现发展品质的提升,以拓展县域市场,做实“三农”业务。

  18. 基于MMSE谱减算法的农产品市场信息语音识别技术%Speech Recognition of Agricultural Market Information Based on MMSE Spectral Subtraction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许金普

    2015-01-01

    In order to solve the inconvenient operation of traditional agricultural market information collection portable device,and other issues such as susceptiblity to environment,we proposed the use of speech recognition technology to collect information in order to increase the flexibility of the operator interface. To enhance the robustness of speech recognition under the special working conditions of agricultural market information collection, we collected 20 males and 20 females voice training set material. Firstly,a noise spectral subtraction of the minimum mean square error ( MMSE) at front-end was adopted,and then the MFCC features were extracted from enhanced speech signal for training HMM acoustic model;Acoustic identification unit was a context-sensitive Triphone model. In the training process,decision tree state clustering and increasing Gaussian mixture component strategy were adopted to improve the accuracy of the model. The trained models were tested in three different environments by different SNR speech sentences, and the results showed that the recognition rate of this method was more significantly improved than that of the basic spectral subtraction ( SS ) , multi-band spectral subtraction ( MB) ,especially at low SNR.%为解决传统的便携式农产品市场信息采集设备操作不便,易受使用环境影响等问题,提出利用语音识别技术采集信息,以增加操作界面的灵活性。为增强语音识别的抗噪声鲁棒性,针对农产品市场信息采集的特殊工作环境,采集到20男20女语音训练集材料。首先利用最小均方误差( MMSE)谱减法进行前端带噪语音增强,得到增强后的语音信号,然后提取其 MFCC 特征用于HMM声学模型的训练;声学识别单元采用上下文相关的三音子模型,模型训练过程中采用了决策树状态聚类和增加高斯混合分量的策略,以提高模型的精确度。在3处不同环境不同信噪比情况下对训练出的模型进行测

  19. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  20. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  1. 基于电子商务平台的农产品营销模式研究--以重庆为例%RESEARCH ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT MARKETING MODE BASED ON E -COMMERCE PLATFORM---TAKING CHONGQING AS AN EXAMPLE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翁文娟

    2016-01-01

    随着互联网普及程度越来越高,农产品电子商务作为一种新型营销方式在现代营销中具有重要的作用。文章首先对电子商务相关概念和基础理论进行概述,明确了电子商务的重要性。其次在对重庆市农产品电子商务营销现状及问题分析的基础上,对目前重庆市现有的3种电子商务营销模式,即为电子市场交易模式、网络中介模式、网络虚拟社区模式进行深入分析。最后,从建立健全农产品电子商务相关法律和制度、大力培养农产品电子商务专业人才、开展多种形式的农产品电子营销模式,实施农牧产品与农商旅联动营销战略等几方面提出促进重庆市电子商务发展的策略。%With the increasing popularity of the internet , the e -commerce of agricultural products,as a new mode, has an important role in the modern marketing .In this paper, the concept and basic theory of electronic commerce were summarized, and the importance of e -commerce was discussed.On the basis of the advantages and disadvantages of e -commerce of agricultural products marketing ,three e -commerce marketing modes were analyzed, i.e,the electronic trading market mode, internet intermediary mode, and network virtual community mode.Finally, some suggestions were put forward to promote the development of electronic commerce in Chongqing city,such as establishingperfect laws and regulations of agricultural products e -commerce, vigorously developing e-commerce personnel,carrying out various forms of electronic marketing , and implementing the joint marketing strategyof agriculture and animal products combined with agriculture , business, and tourism.

  2. Environmentally Sustainable Agriculture and Future Developments of the CAP

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørsted Nielsen, Helle; Branth Pedersen, Anders; Christensen, Tove

    2009-01-01

    Recent reforms of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) have set in motion a process of increased market orientation in the agricultural sector, a process that will be intensified by trade liberalization if an agreement is reached under the World Trade Organization (WTO...... in the world market could increase pressure to slacken regulatory requirements on agriculture. Thus, the question of whether liberalization will hinder or promote environmentally sustainable production methods in agriculture is unresolved. This paper analyses different scenarios of agricultural policy......). It is widely expected that both CAP reforms and a WTO agreement will also lead to a more environmentally friendly European agriculture. It is conceivable, however, that market demand would instead provide renewed incentives for intensive agricultural production. Opening European agriculture to more competition...

  3. Market orientation in food and agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Larsen, Hanne Hartvig; Madsen, Tage Koed;

    Bogen præsenterer resultater, som kan hjælpe fødevarevirksomheder til at blive mere markedsorienterede. Indholdet er opdelt i to enheder: Første del handler om, hvilke metoder en virksomhed kan bruge til at indsamle nyttig information om deres kunder. Anden del handler om implementering af kompet...

  4. Intellectual Property and Market Structure in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Scotchmer, suzanne; Simon, Leo K.

    1999-01-01

    In the past several years, the seed industry worldwide has been dramatically restructured, mostly through mergers and acquisitions. We argue that the restructuring has been technologically driven, and has also resulted in the transformation of several chemical conglomerates into life-sciences firms. We discuss why the restructuring has mostly occurred through mergers rather than contractual relationships such as licensing, and investigate its efficiency implications, both as it concerns antic...

  5. MULTIFUNCTIONAL AGRICULTURE, PROTECTIONISM, AND PROSPECT OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION

    OpenAIRE

    Moon, Wanki

    2010-01-01

    The concept of multifunctional agriculture has been suspected of 'disguised' or 'veiled' protectionism by proponents of market-oriented reforms since the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture(URAA). In this article, I review the history and nature of agricultural protectionism and probe the concept of multifunctional agriculture from economics and broader social science perspectives. Then, I contend that agricultural protectionism in the second half of the 20th century was, in fact, a revela...

  6. Bottleneck on Supply Chain of Organic Agricultural Products and Countermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Xin-min

    2012-01-01

    Organic agriculture is one of successful models of low-carbon agriculture, and plays an important role in alleviating and adapting to climate change. However, the development of supply chain of organic agricultural products lags behind, which seriously restricts development of organic agricultural product market. In this paper, major models and bottleneck of supply chain of organic agricultural products are analyzed, and finally countermeasures are put forward.

  7. A Study of Yunnan Province how to Implement E-Marketing of Agricultural Products Based on 4Ps Theory%基于4Ps理论谈云南省如何实施农产品网络营销

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马孟丽; 杨敏

    2012-01-01

    It mature usage in many kinds of industries, E-marketing provided a good platform for sales of agricultural products. Therefor, there are pressing concerns of how to rely on the experience of successful E-marketing model with actual situation in Yunnan Province, resolve various problems exist in the process of agricultural trade. This article looks at the reality, based on the 4Ps theory; analyze the problems and causes of E-Marketing of agricultural products in Yunnan Province. and then point out some strategies which is helpful in implement E-marketing of agricultural products.%网络营销在各行各业的成熟运用为农产品的网络销售提供了一个很好的平台,然而,如何依托成功网络营销模式经验并结合云南省实际情况,改善农产品交易过程中存在的各种瓶颈问题,仍是一些亟待解决的新问题.着眼于现实,基于4Ps理论对云南省农产品网络营销存在的问题及原因进行分析,并在此基础上提出实施农产品网络营销的策略,希望能够为云南省将发展农产品网络营销的企业提供一些借鉴.

  8. Ethiopian Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    @@ Ethiopia is the third populous country in Africa. The 17 years of military government (Derg) period 1974-1991 witnessed a centralized economic system and the post-Derg reform has taken the way of market-oriented system for 10 years. Economic and social achievements are observed in Ethiopia during the reform period.

  9. Research on Dynamic Relationship between Agricultural Insurance and Agricultural Disaster Degree

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin; QI; Chunlong; XIAN

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural insurance is an important system of rural financial support for agricultural development.Based on the analysis of agricultural insurance improving farmers’anti-risk ability and reducing the damage,the dynamic relationship is discussed with the adoption of error correction model and the data of Guangdong province between 1997 and 2010.The result shows that the promotion of agricultural insurance depth is beneficial to reducing agricultural damage degree and there exists long-term equilibrium relationship.More precisely,agricultural insurance depth is the Granger reason of agricultural damage degree while the reverse relationship has not been supported yet.Based on the empirical analysis,this paper discusses the characteristics and foundation of agricultural production as well as market characteristics of agricultural insurance to further explore the necessity of financial support.

  10. Market analysis. Renewable fuels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR) had on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture created a study on the market development of renewable resources in Germany and published this in the year of 2006. The aim of that study was to identify of actual status and market performance of the individual market segments of the material and energetic use as a basis for policy recommendations for accelerated and long term successful market launch and market share expansion of renewable raw materials. On behalf of the FNR, a market analysis of mid-2011 was carried out until the beginning of 2013, the results of which are hereby resubmitted. This market analysis covers all markets of material and energetic use in the global context, taking account of possible competing uses. A market segmentation, which was based on the product classification of the Federal Statistical Office, formed the basis of the analysis. A total of ten markets have been defined, seven material and three energetic use.

  11. Strategy on the Characteristic Agricultural Products Marketing from the Perspective of Internet---Taking Jinggang Honey Pomelo as an Example%基于网络视角的特色农产品营销策略探讨--以江西省吉安市的“井冈蜜柚”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖晓红; 刘冬生

    2016-01-01

    随着信息技术和网络的发展,传统的农业生产模式也发生了巨大改变,农业生产、管理、销售等活动已经实现。网络交易平台的出现,农产品也从现实的集市搬到虚拟的集市,买家和卖家都是网络交易,打破了时间、区域和产品种类的局限性。要发展井冈蜜柚这一特色产业,应充分抓住国家“一带一路”和“互联网+”的大好机遇,通过网络大平台大力开辟国内和国际市场,提高国外市场的份额,努力开创“小产品、大品牌、强销售”的井冈蜜柚产业新局面。%With the development of information and network technology, the traditional agricultural production mode has changed immensely. One click to agricultural production, management, marketing and other activities has been realized. The emergence of network trading platform made agricultural products move from the real market to the virtual market. Both buyers and sellers sold and bought products by a mouse easily, which broke the limits of time, area and product variety. The characteristic industry of Jinggang honey pomelo should fully grasp the opportunities of the new principle of the Belt and Road and Internet +, and open up the domestic and international market through the network platform, and improve foreign market share, and create a new situation of small products, big brands, strong sales of Jinggang honey pomelo.

  12. 7 CFR 1230.14 - Market value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PORK PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Pork Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions § 1230.14 Market... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Market value. 1230.14 Section 1230.14...

  13. Agricultural Statistics of Egypt, 1970-84

    OpenAIRE

    Gardner, George R.; Parker, John B.

    1985-01-01

    Egypt is one of the world's largest foad importers, annually consuming over $4 billion worth of imported agricultural commodities to feed a population of 48 million. The import bill is growing rapidly as population and consumption ~rowth rates exceed that of agricultural production. Egypt was the 10th largest market for U.S. agricultural exports in 1984. The U.S. market share is about 25 percent, with wheat, wheat flour, and corn making up the bulk of the shipments. This report consists of 90...

  14. Inserciones laborales tempranas: Los jóvenes trabajadores agrícolas en el Valle de Uco, Mendoza, Argentina Early labor markets incorporations: Agricultural young workers in the Uco Valley, Mendoza, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel I Bober

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta las diferentes formas de inserción laboral de trabajadores jóvenes en el Valle de Uco, en la provincia de Mendoza. Durante las últimas décadas, el Valle de Uco basó su patrón de desarrollo agrícola en un modelo intensivo y empresarial de sus tres principales cultivos: los viñedos, los frutales y las hortalizas. En la actualidad, atraviesa un proceso de profunda reconversión productiva, orientada mayoritariamente hacia el mercado externo, que entre otras consecuencias pasó a modificar el funcionamiento del mercado de trabajo local. En este artículo, se contemplan las diferentes situaciones que llevan al ingreso laboral de los jóvenes en este contexto, según el momento etáreo que atraviesen. Se analiza la relación que este proceso guarda con el tamaño y la estructura de las familias y la situación socio-económica del hogar al que pertenecen. También, se examina el vínculo entre las características de los hogares y la forma de inserción de los jóvenes en el mercado de trabajo, de acuerdo al tipo de ocupación en la que se desempeñan y al destino que le dan a sus ingresos. A partir de la realización de entrevistas en profundidad a trabajadores jóvenes y a informantes clave se pudo dar cuenta de las preferencias de los jóvenes con respecto a distintos tipos de trabajos, con particular énfasis en ciertos trabajos agrícolas y, también en relación a su futuro laboral.This article deals with the different ways that young workers in the Uco Valley, at the province of Mendoza, enter to the agrarian local labour market. During the last decadas, the Uco Valley based its pattern of agricultural development in an intensive business model of its three main crops: vineyards, orchards, and vegetables. Currently, it is undergoing a process of profound restructuring of production, mainly oriented towards foreign markets, which among different consequences has modified the functioning of local labour markets. In

  15. Performance Consequences of the Agricultural Cooperative Exemption

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald W. Cotterill

    1993-01-01

    The Capper-Volstead Act, passed in 1922, is the magna carta of agricultural cooperatives. The act has two sections. The first section generally defines what a Capper-Volstead cooperative is and the second section prohibits under price enhancement. Congress clearly intended that farmers be able to organize cooperatives and capture a share of market sufficient to raise price. However, Congress did not want to allow cooperatives with large market shares to unduly enhance the prices in the market...

  16. COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atănăsoaie George Sebastian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Farms of CSA types are a viable alternative to trade of agricultural products coming from conventional agriculture. These farms are faced with a number of policy issues related to product, price, distribution and promotion. In order to elucidate the issues listed above, we have investigated the literature of specialty. Farmers must make more flexible the content of basket both quantitatively and in terms of the nature of food products offered. Consumers need information on ways of preparation or preservation of products. The growth of the processing degree in farm, and inclusion in the offer of services in ecotourism represent effective options to satisfy consumers. To offset the negative impact of high prices measures should be taken in reducing costs, more flexibility in rescheduling of payments due from customers and compensate for the lack of financial resources with the provision of farm work or subsidize a portion of the basket value from private or government sources. Delivery of baskets should be both at fixed points and at customers domicile. Farmers must provide customers the possibility so that they could harvest themselves the products they will buy. Negative influence of prices will be reduced by establishing an effective communication policy with the market, by organizing events on the farm or nearby towns, through blogs and social networks, and through participation in fairs and exhibitions. A greater customer involvement in farming activities will lead to the implementation of an effective marketing mix.

  17. 78 FR 32226 - Poultry Market News Reports; Request for Extension and Revision of the Currently Approved...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-29

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Poultry Market News Reports; Request for Extension... Livestock, Poultry, Meat, Grain, and Their Related Products Used as Market News Information AGENCY... collection. AMS recently merged its Livestock and Grain Market News Division with the Poultry Market...

  18. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  19. Agricultural problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although there were not reasons to deplore against major activity release from any of the 110 industrial reactors authorized to operate in US, the nuclear incident that occurred at the Three Mile Island Plant in 1979 urged the public conscience toward the necessity of readiness to cope with events of this type. The personnel of the Emergency Planning Office functioning in the frame of US Department of Agriculture has already participated in around 600 intervention drillings on a federal, local or state scale to plan, test or asses radiological emergency plans or to intervene locally. These exercises allowed acquiring a significant experience in elaborating emergency plans, planning the drillings, working out scenarios and evaluation of the potential impact of accidents from the agricultural point of view. We have also taken part in different international drillings among which the most recent are INEX 1 and RADEX 94. We have found on these occasions that the agricultural problems are essential preoccupations in most of the cases no matter if the context is international, national, local or of state level. The paper poses problems specifically related to milk, fruits and vegetables, soils, meat and meat products. Finally the paper discusses issues like drilling planning, alarm and notification, sampling strategy, access authorizations for farmers, removing of contamination wastes. A number of social, political and economical relating problems are also mentioned

  20. Marketing; Il marketing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muscigna, M. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, RM (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1999-07-01

    The report discusses marketing strategies oriented to the organizations and analyzes its critical factors, which determine the success of the organization activity. [Italian] Il rapporto analizza i caratteri delle strategie del marketing orientato all'impresa. Vengono infine analizzati i fattori critici che determinano il successo o l'insuccesso delle scelte aziendali.

  1. 广东农产品北上营销策略构建——以高州香蕉为例%Construction on Marketing Countermeasures of Agricultural Products of Guangdong in the North——Taking a Case for Gaozhou Bananas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁文光; 胡艳; 彭运力

    2011-01-01

    经济危机后,广东农产品北上营销面临着巨大的市场威胁。以高州香蕉为例,通过对广东农产品北上营销面临的问题分析可知,需从优化物流体系、建立渠道战略联盟、整合营销文化传播途径、增强品牌内涵等方面加以解决。%After economic crisis,the marketing of agricultural products of Guangdong in the north faces huge market threatening.Taking a case for Gaozhou bananas,by analyzing the problems existing in the marketing of agricultural products of Guangdong,it shows that the problems may be solved from the aspects of optimizing logistics system,building channel strategy league,the integration of marketing culture spread ways and strengthening brand connotation etc.

  2. Study of Rice Marketing System in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Feizabadi, Yaser

    2011-01-01

    Rice comes second after wheat in Iran`s food consumption economy. Rising population and recent growth in GDP has made Iran one of the greatest rice importer countries all over the world. That is why rice marketing has always been a controversial issue in Iran`s agricultural economics. To study rice marketing system in Iran, this paper aims to calculate rice marketing margin, market efficiency and marketing cost coefficient in seaside Mazandaran province( where 70 percent of domestic rice prod...

  3. DIRECTIONS AND CHALLENGES IN GLOBAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela POPA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of global agricultural market has been at the forefront of professional studies. Expert opinions have quite differing views as to whether the world’s food production will be able to supply the huge demand of growing population. This scientific paper provides a general overview of global agricultural directions, including views on whether agricultural productivity increases will be able to keep with food demand increases and price trends. The scientific paper has focused on the present state of the agricultural market and on the analysis of the key factors defining the tasks of the agricultural sector in the near future, with a special attention to the case of Republic of Moldova.

  4. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  5. How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Deitz; Margaret Cowell

    2005-01-01

    We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important...

  6. Brazil’s Booming Agriculture Faces Obstacles

    OpenAIRE

    Valdes, Constanza

    2006-01-01

    Brazil has emerged as an agricultural superpower in global food and agricultural markets thanks to economic and trade stability and regulatory reforms that encourage investment in agriculture. Brazil is an important producer and the largest exporter of sugar, ethanol, beef, poultry meat, coffee, orange juice, and tobacco.

  7. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  8. 76 FR 55608 - Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Notice of Hearing on Proposed Amendments to Tentative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-08

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1033 Milk in the Mideast Marketing Area; Notice of Hearing on Proposed Amendments to Tentative Marketing Agreement and Order AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of public hearing on proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: A public...

  9. 我国创意农业营销传播中存在的问题与对策--基于创新扩散视角%Problems and Countermeasures of China's Creative Agriculture in Marketing and Communication:Innovation Diffusion Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马翠华; 杨公成

    2014-01-01

    将我国创意农业的经营者分为三种类型:精英农民、工商资本家及政府主导的与当地农民的联合体,从营销传播视角分析这三类经营者的特征、目标市场、营销内容、营销方式、营销管理特点。最后运用创新扩散理论,针对三类经营者在营销传播中存在的问题分别提出对策。%The operators of creative agriculture in China are divided into three types, elite farmers, industrial and commercial capitalists and government-led association with local farmers. This paper analyzes their characteristics, target market, marketing content and marketing management features, etc. , from the perspective of marketing com-munications. Finally it puts forward countermeasures on the problems existing in the marketing communication of the three types operators, on the basis of the theory of innovation diffusion.

  10. 农业市场化对农户种植效益的影响——基于沪苏皖农户调查的实证研究%Influence of agricultural marketization on farmers' planting benefit: An empirical study of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高珊; 黄贤金; 钟太洋; 陈志刚

    2013-01-01

    With the progressive development of market economy,agricultural marketization enters into a new stage in China,and its relation to the rural land use change becomes closer and closer.In order to analyze the relationship between agricultural marketization and farmers' planting benefit,this paper used Shanghai Municipality,Jiangsu and Anhui provinces as research cases.Anhui was the representative of a traditional rural region,while Shanghai and Jiangsu were representatives of the developed regions in the Yangtze River Delta.A total of 1058 valid questionnaires in 16 villages of five counties were carried out during July-April 2010.The results showed that more sufficient market competition was beneficial to maximization of productive profits of farmers.The profit rate of cash crops was higher than that of food crops.There were obvious regional differences in investigated areas.According to quantitative analysis and expanded CD model test,the rural households' planting benefit was remarkable due to the affects of the markets of production factors and agricultural products.Firstly,for the purpose of obtaining the higher output,the rural households preferred to increase the input of material goods that were mainly composed of seed,pesticide and fertilizer.The inputs of labor force and agricultural machine were changed with rural households' non-agricultural behaviors.In detail,agricultural production had to follow respective productive characteristics.The rural households,whose income was chiefly depended on agricultural activity,tended to increase yield-increasing capital input and manpower input.The rural households,whose income was chiefly depended on non-agricultural activity,tended to increase labor-saving capital input and reduce manpower input.Secondly,the sale behaviors of agricultural products had positive stimulation to enlarge the planting benefit.The price of agricultural products is one of the key factors that affected farmland profits.The price of

  11. Safeguarding fruit crops in the age of agricultural globalization

    Science.gov (United States)

    The expansion of fruit production and markets into new geographic areas provides novel opportunities and challenges for the agricultural and marketing industries. In today’s competitive global market environment, growers need access to the best material available in terms of genetics and plant heal...

  12. 75 FR 54591 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds Availability. Inviting... Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, as amended (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.). This program is in addition...

  13. 78 FR 52131 - Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-22

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Funds Availability: Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds... Organic Foods Production Act of 1990, as amended (7 U.S.C. 6501 et seq.). To participate in the...

  14. 76 FR 55000 - Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Notice of Agricultural Management Assistance Organic Certification Cost-Share Program AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Funds Availability: Inviting... Organic Regulations (7 CFR part 205), which were authorized under the Organic Foods Production Act of...

  15. Finding a Plausible Option for Revitalising Agricultural Higher Education in India: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Niraj

    2016-01-01

    The objectives of this paper were to explore the existing status of agricultural higher education in India, application of marketing concepts in similar institutions and to find the most appropriate marketing concept to make agricultural higher education more competitive. Extensive searches of relevant agricultural education, business management…

  16. Analysis on Market Trend of French Agricultural Tractors from 2006 to 2010%法国2006-2010年农用拖拉机市场走势浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴清分

    2012-01-01

    介绍了法国拖拉机的生产和市场销售情况,分析了法国拖拉机市场特点及发展趋势。%The production and sales of French tractors are introduced. The market features and development tendency of tractor marketing in French are analyzed.

  17. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda GHEORGHIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture today is a strategic point of a country's economy, providing food based on population, development of internal and external trade and manufacturing industries by supplying raw materials. For Romania, this branch is a strong point both in terms climatic (temperate, balanced relief, soil quality and at the same time is also a way of national development and convergence of rural areas to their full potential untapped. With strong reforms, well implemented, a specific legislative framework which aims to protecting private property, Romania could reduce the low efficiency and can have a sustainable agriculture. The paper aimed to present the advantages of consuming organic products, and, on the other hand, the advantages of a country in terms of organic farming. European agriculture is a competitive, market-oriented, but also protecting the environment model.

  18. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Li Kangmin

    2011-01-01

    The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agricu...

  19. Market, Regulation, Market, Regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frankel, Christian; Galland, Jean-Pierre

    2015-01-01

    barriers to trade in Europe, realized the free movement of products by organizing progressively several orders of markets and regulation. Based on historical and institutional documents, on technical publications, and on interviews, this article relates how the European Commission and the Member States had......This paper focuses on the European Regulatory system which was settled both for opening the Single Market for products and ensuring the consumers' safety. It claims that the New Approach and Standardization, and the Global Approach to conformity assessment, which suppressed the last technical...... alternatively recourse to markets and to regulations, at the three main levels of the New Approach Directives implementation. The article focuses also more specifically on the Medical Devices sector, not only because this New Approach sector has long been controversial in Europe, and has recently been concerned...

  20. Use of draft and working animals in agriculture of Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Hoang, Thanh Nga

    2013-01-01

    This bachelor thesis contains analyzes the use of animals for agricultural development. Vietnam has been moving towards a market economy and modernization of agriculture. The rate of use of mechanization in agriculture is increasing; however, animals are used primarily on small farms. More than 50% of the total agriculture areas in Vietnam are still cultivated by draft animals, while only about 30% are cultivated by mechanization. The soil preparation by draft animals positively effects on yi...

  1. Marketing Communications

    OpenAIRE

    Svatoňová, Michala

    2012-01-01

    This diploma thesis touches the concept of marketing in the general, then is specially focused on the marketing communication and finally evaluates the situation of a selected international company Raytheon Professional Services with regard to implementation of marketing communication plan. Thesis is divided into two main parts. The first part is concerned about the theoretical background of marketing and marketing communication, marketing mix in order to gain the knowledge needed for set...

  2. Inbound Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Hesoun, Jan

    2013-01-01

    In my work I focus on Inbound Marketing, which represents a new perspective on marketing, that has not been given the attention it deserves. It is a combination of existing and proven marketing methods that are used to obtain new customers with minimal marketing costs to the organization. The first section of my work is devoted to defining the concept of Inbound Marketing definitions and explanations. Furthermore, I present a list of instruments used in Inbound Marketing, and showcase the def...

  3. “社区支持农业”产销科普一体化模式研究--以广州“神农田园”农场为例%Study of Integration Model of Production,Marketing and Popular Science on Community Support Agriculture--Taking Guangzhou Shennong Fields and Gardens for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯何松; 徐鹏举; 刘伟锋

    2014-01-01

    With people's increasing demand for safe food,in this contradictory relationship,Community Sup-port Agriculture emerged as the times require,because the food safety problems emerged frequently.This arti-cle discusses and analyzes the conception of Community Support Agriculture,its production and marketing and the integrated mode of science and education.%随着社会食品安全问题频发,对安全食品的需求与日俱增,在这种矛盾关系下“,社区支持农业”模式应运而生。该文从“社区支持农业”的概念及其模式中的产销与安全健康、科教一体化模式进行论述,并进行分析。

  4. Land Market Development and the Farmland Conversion for Non-agricultural Use: Assessment and Calculation Based on Inter-provincial Panel Data%土地市场发育与农地非农化——基于省际面板数据的估计与测算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永乐; 吴群

    2009-01-01

    研究目的:验证土地市场发育对农地非农化的作用方向,估算其对农地非农化的作用.研究方法:理论分析与面板数据模型相结合.研究结果:(1)全国土地市场化水平不断提高,90%以上省份处于转型期土地市场经济阶段;(2)土地市场发育与农地非农化之间呈负相关关系;(3)1999-2005年,全国因土地市场发育而得到抑制的农地转为建设用地数量为25624.79 hm2,占农地转为建设用地总量的1.76%,土地资源市场化配置对于农地非农化的抑制作用还不高.研究结论:缓解农地保护压力的制度供给和政策调整可从两方面开展:(1)提高拍卖出让方式比例,出让方式由低市场化方式向高市场化方式转变,提高土地市场化水平;(2)加强土地市场法规建设、规范土地市场,促进土地市场健康发展.%The purpose of this paper is to verify the direction of impact of land market development on farmland conversion for non-agricultural use, and estimate its effects on farmland conversion for non-agricultural use. Methods of theoretical analysis and panel data model were jointly employed. The results indicate that: (1)the general marketization level of China land market is increasing constantly, and more than ninety percent provinces are in the so-defined transformation stage; (2)the relationship between land market development and farmland conversion for non-agricultural use is negatively correlated; (3)there was 25624.79 hm2 of farmland were saved due to the development of land market from 1999 to 2005 which supposed to he converted into construction land, hut it is only accounting for 1.76% of the total area of the converted farmland. Thus, it illustrates the role of market allocation on controlling farmland conversion is not significant. It is concluded that the institutional supply and policy adjustment for relieving the pressure of farmland protection can follow two aspects: (1) increase the proportion of auction

  5. Gauging the Market and Non-Market Forces in Indian Aquaculture Industry for a Strategic Position in Fish Vaccines Market

    OpenAIRE

    Mahendra Kumar Pallapothu; Gary Evans

    2013-01-01

    Indian aquaculture segment has become a growth engine for the agriculture sector and is postulated to be one of the key sources of food-protein supporting the growing Indian population. Significant potential for new fish vaccine business was demonstrated previously using market and sales potential assessments; however, in addition to the overall market attractiveness, estimating the market and non-market forces in an industry is vital to ensure profitability in a new business. Therefore, this...

  6. Research on Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Based on SCP Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking the SCP mode of industrial organization theory as the starting point,the paper analyzes Chinese agricultural market structure,market conduct and conduct performance and draws lessons from foreign experiences in developing agriculture.In the process of agricultural industrialization,Chinese agricultural development exists the problems of low intensive degree,low degree of differential products,surplus labor forces,low agricultural profit rate and low industrial contribution rate and farmers’ difficultly in adapting to market competition.The paper puts forward suggestions for addressing the problems,which include underpinning the cooperation of operation main bodies and developing rural cooperative organizations;promoting land transfer and clarifying land property;accelerating rural surplus labors transfer and abating trade barriers;increasing technology input and improving the contribution rate of technologies;improving circulation channels and intensifying agricultural competitiveness.

  7. Agricultural restructuring in the Baltic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pilgaard, Mette Bech

    of the agricultural situation in two of the study areas, it became clear that it was too simplistic to categorise all farmers into one homogenous group. Farmers were very different in terms of farm size, market integration and plans for the future. In the Estonian study, the accordance between national visions...... and would “pay the price” for the transition from a planned to a market economy. Policies needed to be tailored to the particular problems that existed in rural areas. Neither agricultural nor rural development programmes in the pre-EU membership phase had much to offer to the uneducated, unemployed....... The aim of the thesis is to describe and analyse the changes in the conditions for the agricultural sector during this period in the Baltic countries and to investigate how agricultural production at the local level adapted to the transition. The central research question concerns the way farmers...

  8. 7 CFR 1219.10 - Fiscal period or marketing year.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information...

  9. Globalization determinants of raw materials markets development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Yatsenko

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The determinants of development of raw materials markets and the peculiarities of their formation in the terms of world economy globalization have been researched. The empirical base of research is the agricultural food market as one of the most important bases in the sphere of material production and provision of food security of the country. The important social and economic mission of the agricultural sector has been highlighted, along with the export competitiveness and import dependence of agricultural food products in the international trade. The imperative norms have been substantiated and conclusions have been drawn regarding the establishment of respective conditions for the operation of globally integrated markets in Ukraine.

  10. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  11. 7 CFR 27.11 - Area Director, Marketing Services Office; responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Area Director, Marketing Services Office... MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COMMODITY... Regulations Administration § 27.11 Area Director, Marketing Services Office; responsibility. Subject to...

  12. 75 FR 51929 - Milk in the Northeast and Other Marketing Areas; Order Amending the Orders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... rule amends the fluid milk product definition in all Federal milk marketing orders. This rulemaking... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 1000 Milk in the Northeast and Other Marketing Areas; Order Amending the Orders AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final...

  13. 75 FR 37288 - Kiwifruit Grown in California; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 920

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-29

    ... absence of a signed marketing agreement, the issuance of this amendatory order is the only practical means... Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 920 Kiwifruit Grown in California; Order Amending Marketing Order No. 920 AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule...

  14. RURAL MARKETING SCENARIO FOR SELLING PRODUCTS & SERVICES

    OpenAIRE

    P. Y. Nangre

    2014-01-01

    Rural Marketing is a developing concept, and as a part of any economy has untapped potential; marketers have realized the opportunity recently. Rural markets offer a great scope for a concentrated marketing effort because of the recent increase in the rural incomes and the likelihood that such incomes will increase faster because of better production and higher prices for agricultural commodities Improvement in infrastructure and reach a bright future for those intending t...

  15. Brazil: The Future of Modern Agriculture?

    OpenAIRE

    Holger Matthey; Fabiosa, Jacinto F.; Fuller, Frank H.

    2004-01-01

    In an attempt to understand better Brazil's future role in agricultural markets, the authors of this report traveled to Brazil on a fact-finding mission in September 2003. The goal was to get a first-hand impression of Brazil's agricultural sector and especially its future potential. In this report we provide a general description of crop and livestock production, government policies, public and private cooperation, and transportation and biotechnology issues. The most striking observations m...

  16. 7 CFR 987.43 - Outlets and specifications for marketable dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE....12 to reflect new major outlets and regulatory requirements needed because of changes in marketing... processing, Export dates, and Product dates....

  17. China agricultural outlook for 2015-2024 based on China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-wei[1,2,3; LI Gan-qiong[1,2,3; LI Zhe-min[1,2,3

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of Chinese agricultural development is to guarantee national food security and supply of major agricultural products. Hence, the scientific work on agricultural monitoring and early warning as well as agricultural outlook must be strengthened. In this study, we develop the China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES) on the basis of a comparative study of domestic and international agricultural outlook models. The system is a dynamic and multi-market partial equilibrium model that integrates biological mechanisms with economic mechanisms. This system, which includes 11 categories of 953 kinds of agricultural products, could dynamically project agricultural market supply and demand, assess food security, and conduct scenario analysis at different spatial levels, time scale levels, and macro-micro levels. Based on the CAMES, the production, consumption, and trade of the major agricultural products in China over the next decade are projected. The following conclusions are drawn: i) The production of major agricultural products will continue to grow steadily, mainly because of the increase in yield, ii) The growth of agricultural consumption will be slightly higher than that of agricultural production. Meanwhile, a high self-sufficiency rate is expected for cereals such as rice, wheat, and maize, with the rate being stable at around 97%. iii) Agricultural trade will continue to thrive. The growth of soybean and milk im- ports will slow down, but the growth of traditional agricultural exports such as vegetables and fruits is expected to continue.

  18. China agricultural outlook for 2015-2024 based on China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shi-wei; LI Gan-qiong; LI Zhe-min

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of Chinese agricultural development is to guarantee national food security and supply of major agricultural products. Hence, the scientiifc work on agricultural monitoring and early warning as wel as agricultural outlook must be strengthened. In this study, we develop the China Agricultural Monitoring and Early-warning System (CAMES) on the basis of a comparative study of domestic and international agricultural outlook models. The system is a dynamic and multi-market partial equilibrium model that integrates biological mechanisms with economic mechanisms. This system, which includes 11 categories of 953 kinds of agricultural products, could dynamical y project agricultural market supply and demand, assess food security, and conduct scenario analysis at different spatial levels, time scale levels, and macro-micro levels. Based on the CAMES, the production, consumption, and trade of the major agricultural products in China over the next decade are projected. The fol owing conclusions are drawn:i) The production of major agricultural products wil continue to grow steadily, mainly because of the increase in yield. i ) The growth of agricultural consumption wil be slightly higher than that of agricultural production. Meanwhile, a high self-sufifciency rate is expected for cereals such as rice, wheat, and maize, with the rate being stable at around 97%. i i) Agricultural trade wil continue to thrive. The growth of soybean and milk im-ports wil slow down, but the growth of traditional agricultural exports such as vegetables and fruits is expected to continue.

  19. Tendencies in financing the agricultural and food sector under the common agricultural policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Brzozowska

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Poland, having joined the EU, became subject to regulations that significantly changed the conditions under which its food industry functioned. As markets opened up to each other, the possibilities of sale increased and competitiveness of economic entities improved. Mobilised public funds contributed, among other things, to modernisation of agricultural holdings and food industry enterprises, improvement of their competitiveness, construction of the infrastructure and multifunctional development of rural areas. The paper discusses tendencies in financing agriculture under the Common Agricultural Policy in Poland against the production and economic situation of the agricultural and food sector.

  20. Agricultural and Farmland Protection Planning: A Case Study in Orange County, New York

    OpenAIRE

    Joyce, Lucy T.; Bills, Nelson L.

    1996-01-01

    The Agricultural Protection Act, passed by the State Legislature in 1992, strengthened New York State's Agricultural Districts Law. One component of the Act provides for county Agricultural and Farmland Protection Boards to develop county agricultural and farmland protection plans. The Department of Agriculture and Markets encourages the development of such plans through a matching grants program. This paper discusses the tools and strategies county Agricultural and Farmland Protection Boards...