WorldWideScience

Sample records for agricultural industry

  1. Agricultural and industrial process heat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollard, J.

    1978-01-01

    The application of solar energy to agricultural and industrial process heat requirements is discussed. This energy end use sector has been the largest and it appears that solar energy can, when fully developed and commercialized, displace from three to eight or more quads of oil and natural gas in U.S. industry. This potential for fossil fuel displacement in the agricultural and industrial process heat area sector represents a possible savings of 1.4 to 3.8 million barrels of oil daily.

  2. Agricultural-industrial technological paths

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magalhaes, Paulo Sergio Graziano; Nogueira, Luiz Augusto Horta; Cantarella, Heitor; Rossetto, Raffaella; Franco, Henrique C. Junqueira; Braunbeck, Oscar

    2012-07-01

    The chapter approaches the identification of relevant parameters, sugarcane planting, soil preparation and compaction, mechanical harvesting, straw recovery, use of residues, soil carbon sequestration, greenhouse gases emission,l other effects, production of coal as an alternative for C storage, use of biofuels (bioethanol and biodiesel) in agriculture and transport of sugarcane, estimation of diesel consumption in the sugarcane industry, scenarios considered for the use of biofuels, modelling the impacts of the adoption of biofuels - fuel consumption and emissions, energy and impact of biofuels use in bioethanol production, impact of adoption of biofuels on emissions in bioethanol production, and increase in the scale (milling capacity) of the sugar and bioethanol mills.

  3. Researches on Relationship between Circular Agriculture and Industrial Diversity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    First, this paper establishes the conceptual model of circular agriculture, conducts systematic analysis on the circular agriculture on the basis of conceptual model, and discusses the characteristics of closeness and openness of circular agriculture and relationship between closeness and openness of circular agriculture. Second, this paper introduces the industrial diversity related to circular agriculture, defines the concept of industry and the concept of industries related to agriculture, and illustrates the related industries that are conducive to circular agriculture and the related industries that are not conducive to circular agriculture. Finally, this paper analyzes the mutual relationship between circular agriculture and industrial diversity as follows: in the system of circular agriculture, the industrial diversity can transform the wastes in upstream industries into resources in downstream industries; the industrial diversity creates possibility for recycling of agricultural byproducts; the industrial diversity is conducive to the diversification of industries related to circular agriculture.

  4. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  5. From alternative Agriculture to the Food Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thorkild; Kristensen, Niels Heine

    1997-01-01

    Issue: The development of organic agriculture has developed bottom-up, emerging from the 'counterculture' characterized by organic farmers, environmentalists and 'political' consumers. National authorities and supranationalinstitutions have responded by establishing rules and control systems...... for organic agriculture over the last decade.Organic food production is now developing fast in some EU member states. This recent development is not only marked by more positive attitudes towards organic products from the food industry but also by an increasing need for a matching response in terms of food...... policy. Relevance: The EU regulation 2092/91/EEC is mainly focused on organic agriculture, but as the food industryenters this field the need emerges for a more specific interpretation, development and implementation of the organic principles and methods in processing, handling and distribution. Whether...

  6. Analysis on Technology Roadmap of Agricultural Equipment Industry in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chongjing; TAN; Jin; YE; Shi; YANG

    2014-01-01

    Since the subsidizing agricultural machine purchase was launched in 2004,the agriculture equipment industry in Chongqing has progressed by leaps and bounds,but it is still faced with a few urgent problems,which requires the coordination of stakeholders,with an aim to establish a clear direction of the development of industry and a technology route. With planting industry as an example,this paper applies the principle and method of industry technology roadmap to analyse the market demand,industry target,technology barrier and R & D demand of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing. Based on the results,the top technology R & D items of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing are obtained. Finally,the following suggestions are put forward: integrating resources,constructing platform and improving innovation ability; constructing agricultural industry park and promoting clustered development of agricultural equipment industry; strengthening finance and taxation support; strengthening construction of agricultural mechanization infrastructure; substantially developing socialized service of agricultural machinery.

  7. Industrialized Development Models of Agricultural Scientific and Technological Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanjiang; WANG

    2015-01-01

    Industrialization of agricultural scientific and technological achievements has become an extremely important part in agricultural structural adjustment and agricultural economic development. Basic models for industrialization of China’s agricultural scientific and technological achievements should be:( i) integrating scientific and technological development and production relying on large enterprises;( ii) integrating scientific research and development with agricultural scientific and technological achievements and scientific research institutions as support;( iii) spindle type transformation;( vi) agricultural scientific and technological demonstration area;( v) technology extension network.

  8. Strategies for Development of Shaanxi’s Agricultural Insurance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces current situations of agricultural insurance market in Shaanxi Province. It is indicated that development of Shaanxi’s agricultural insurance industry is faced with following difficulties. First, risks of agricultural production are various, occurrence frequency is high and losses are great. Second, effective supply of commercial insurance companies for agriculture is seriously inadequate. Third, farmers’ demand for agricultural insurance is restricted by many factors. Fourth, government support for agricultural insurance is not generous. Then, it puts forward strategies for development of agricultural insurance in Shaanxi Province. These include: encourage commercial insurance companies to actively enter agricultural insurance market; establish perfect agricultural reinsurance system; strengthen propaganda of agricultural insurance and speed up agricultural industrialization; enhance policy support for agricultural insurance to promote its development.

  9. Assessment of Regional Agricultural Industrial Competitiveness in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kun; YANG; Ying; PING

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the agricultural industrial competitiveness in China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) ,to provide a reference for the relevant state departments to develop the agricultural industry policy. Using factor analysis and expert consulting method,we determine the weight of each indicator,and establish the comprehensive evaluation model suitable for the assessment of agricultural industrial competitiveness. Using the comprehensive evaluation model,we assess the agricultural competitiveness of China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) . China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) can be divided into three groups ( high competitiveness,middle competitiveness and low competitiveness) . The results show that although there are subtle changes in the sequencing within high competitiveness group,the members of high competitiveness group are basically unchanged; compared with high competitiveness group,the agricultural industry in middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group shows the characteristic of significant geographical concentration,and the competitive agricultural industrial belt is outstanding. We put forward the following recommendations: extending agricultural industry chain and increasing agricultural value added; utilizing regional resources and developing characteristic agriculture; taking the road of large-scale management to promote sustainable and healthy agricultural development in China.

  10. How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Deitz; Margaret Cowell

    2005-01-01

    We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important...

  11. The Basic Path of Modern Agriculture with Chinese Characteristics-Industry Nurturing Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Constructing the modern agriculture with Chinese characteristics is the path and direction for solving issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers in China, the key to new village construction, the important measure for promoting overall agricultural production capacity, and the prerequisite and guarantee for coordinating urban-rural development. At present, the level of agricultural mechanization in China is promoted steadily; the science and technology are applied to agriculture extensively; the agricultural regionalization layout gradually takes shape; the agricultural industrialization management develops steadily. Be that as it may, the overall quality of farmers is low; the agricultural infrastructure is weak; the agricultural resources are limited; the inputs of agricultural science and technology are short. These hamper the development of modern agriculture. We should implement "industry nurturing agriculture"; through capital support and policy guidance, reform household registration system; connect the fragmented land into parcel; encourage the leading enterprises to develop in rural areas; establish agricultural cooperative organizations; deepen rural financial system reform; quicken the promotion and application of agricultural technology. These measures can effectively promote the development of agriculture, and realize the agricultural modernization in China.

  12. Research on Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Based on SCP Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking the SCP mode of industrial organization theory as the starting point,the paper analyzes Chinese agricultural market structure,market conduct and conduct performance and draws lessons from foreign experiences in developing agriculture.In the process of agricultural industrialization,Chinese agricultural development exists the problems of low intensive degree,low degree of differential products,surplus labor forces,low agricultural profit rate and low industrial contribution rate and farmers’ difficultly in adapting to market competition.The paper puts forward suggestions for addressing the problems,which include underpinning the cooperation of operation main bodies and developing rural cooperative organizations;promoting land transfer and clarifying land property;accelerating rural surplus labors transfer and abating trade barriers;increasing technology input and improving the contribution rate of technologies;improving circulation channels and intensifying agricultural competitiveness.

  13. Selection Factors for Market Subjects of Agricultural Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper firstly analyzes selection factors for market subjects of agricultural industrial development in China. From the political aspect, it is required to take account of features of subjects of agricultural industrial development at current stage. From economic aspects, we should adheres to the two-tier management system that integrates unified with separate management on the basis of household contract management in the countryside, and cultivate and foster subject enterprises according to features of most important market subjects in market economy. From natural aspects, it is proposed to consider features of agricultural industry and inherent advantages of agricultural resources in China. From social aspects, it is essential to draw on successful experience of developed countries in developing market subjects of agricultural industry.

  14. Evaluation Indicator System for China’s Agricultural Industrial Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qingpeng; GAO; Bin; CHEN; Qinyang; LI

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of new characteristics and trend of China’s agricultural development in the post-WTO period,combining analysis of factors influencing agricultural industrial safety,this paper builds an evaluation indicator system for China’s agricultural industrial safety by scientific indicator system design method.This indicator system includes risk factor indicators(showing risk degree)and capacity factor indicators(showing guaranteeing ability),and consists of 7 subsystems:consumption safety,production safety,industrial controlling capacity,industrial development capacity,industrial development environment,government functions and industrial foundation condition.Risk factor is divided into 5 levels:higher risk,high risk,medium risk,low risk and lower risk;guarantee risk is also divided into five levels:strong,healthy,normal,weak and disabled.According to the overall evaluation score obtained from weighting sum,the agricultural industrial safety includes 5 types:very safe,safe,basically safe,not safe and hazardous.This evaluation indicator system is expected to providing theoretical reference for evaluating China’s agricultural industrial safety.

  15. Venezuela- China Industry, Commerce, Agriculture, Tourism Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ Bordering Columbia, Brazil and Guyana,Venezuela's economy developed speedily in recent years. It is a comparatively active country in South America. The main industries of the country are petroleum, mining, telecom, husbandry and tourism. The visiting enterprises include the leading enterprises of each key industry. This fair provides abundant trade and investment opportunities for China's execution of "Introduce in and Walk Out" development strategy.

  16. Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1981-03-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

  17. RENEWABLE ENERGY BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana GROSU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to present the evolution of renewable energy in the entire world, including Moldova and Romania as states that tend to reach their micro- and macro-economic objectives. One of the most important goal remains thedevelopment of renewable energy from agricultural waste and so the energy coming from natural sources such assolar, wind or water without air pollution. As a conclusion, the solution to obtain this renewable energy is to attractfinancial resources from EU or USA investors.

  18. A Study of Agricultural Technology Extension and Synchronous Development of Agricultural Modernization,Urbanization and Industrialization in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bibo HU

    2016-01-01

    Through the study of relationship between agricultural technology extension and the development of agricultural modernization,urbanization and industrialization,it is found that agricultural technology extension is an important means to achieve synchronous development of agricultural modernization,urbanization and industrialization. Based on the sample data in China during 1978-2011,we perform the empirical analysis using VAR model and cointegration analysis and impulse response methods. The results show that there is a long-term positive equilibrium relationship between agricultural technology extension and the development of agricultural modernization,urbanization and industrialization,and agricultural technology extension plays a role in promoting agricultural modernization,urbanization and industrialization to varying degrees. Finally,it is concluded that there is a need to establish efficient agricultural technology extension mechanism and diversified agricultural technology extension investment mechanism to make agricultural technology extension better promote China’s agricultural modernization,urbanization and industrialization.

  19. The Distribution of Benefits for Players in Agricultural Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanming; LI; Huibo; SUN

    2015-01-01

    Players of the agricultural industrial chain pursue their own profit maximization,which can lead to conflicts of interest and affect the stability of the industrial chain. Therefore,fair and reasonable profit allocation mechanism is the key to guaranteeing the development and strengthening the strategic alliance relationship between participate members. Shapley model is an effective method to solve the profit distribution in cooperative relations. But it does not consider the three factors: risks faced by players during the operation of the agricultural industrial chain,technology innovation ability,and the degree of participating in the cooperation. So,correction factors are introduced to modify the Shapley value model,in order to make the distribution of benefits more equitable and reasonable,and effectively guide practice.

  20. Overview of Studies on Financial Support for China’s Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junyu; MIAO; Junqi; MA; Jingyao; TANG

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural industrialization is an innovative operation mode and effective drive for transformation of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Benign development of agricultural industrialization depends on financial support. With increase of the function of financial support for agricultural industrialization development,academic circles have made deeper and deeper researches on agricultural industrialization. These researches mainly touch upon four aspects:( i) definition of concept of financial support for agricultural industrialization;( ii)functions of financial support for agricultural industrialization;( iii) existing problems in financial support for agricultural industrialization and problem causes;( iv) specific recommendations of promotion of financial support for agricultural industrialization development. Although existing researches are already extensive and some common understandings have been reached,there are still some research gaps and weak points,and it needs further researches.

  1. Development Mode and Recommendations for Industrialization of Tropical Agricultural Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meihuan; QIU; Minxia; LIN; Xiaodong; ZHANG; Hongyi; ZHANG; Zhunian; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology is an essential part of tropical agricultural technological innovation.This paper firstly analyzed development mode of industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology in Chin and then came up with recommendations for developing industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology.

  2. THE INDUSTRIAL UTILIZATION OF CHEMICAL MODIFIED AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Xu; Runcang Sun; Huaiyu Zhan

    2004-01-01

    Various lignocellulosic materials such as wood,agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be valuable substitute for, or complement to,commercial sorbents for removing heavy metal ions or dyes from waste water or spilled oil from inland water or sea. More than 9 million tons of straw pulp are produced annually in china, which account for about 90% of the world′s total straw pulp. However,huge quantity of remain straw is not used as industrial raw material and is burnt in the fields or on the side of road. These resources can be chemical modified such as acetylation. Modified straws have the characteristics of low cost, high capacity, quick uptake, and easy to desorb. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for modified agricultural residues, which focus on hemicellulose and cellulose. The potential of these natural sorbents in main industry is also indicated.

  3. THE INDUSTRIAL UTILIZATION OF CHEMICAL MODIFIED AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FengXu; RuncangSun; HuaiyuZhan

    2004-01-01

    Various lignocellulosic materials such as wood, agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be valuable substitute for, or complement to, commercial sorbents for removing heavy metal ions or dyes from waste water or spilled oil from inland water or sea. More than 9 million tons of straw pulp are produced annually in china, which account for about 90% of the world's total straw pulp. However, huge quantity of remain straw is not used as industrial raw material and is burnt in the fields or on the side of road. These resources can be chemical modified such as acetylation. Modified straws have the characteristics of low cost, high capacity, quick uptake, and easy to desorb. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for modified agricultural residues, which focus on hemicellulose and cellulose. The potential of these natural sorbents in main industry is also indicated.

  4. Research on the Policy Orientation of Government in Agricultural Industrialization Development

    OpenAIRE

    Hang, Hong-qiu

    2011-01-01

    Governmental functions in agricultural industrialization management are analyzed, mainly including supplying public products, providing property right security, managing and protecting resources and environment as well as stabilizing the agro-product market. The policy orientation promoted by the government in agricultural industrialization management is pointed out: formulating a series of macro-management planning to guide and regulate agricultural industrialization operation; fully playing...

  5. The Construction and Competitiveness of Operation Model of Agricultural Industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through reviewing the viewpoints of former scholars, the connotation and features of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster are introduced. The agricultural industrial cluster model constituted by core network and supporting network is constructed. Three operation models of this kind of supply chain is described: the model takes wholesale market of agricultural products as the core; the model take pillar industries of agricultural industrialization as core; model takes the chains of retail enterprises as core. The competitiveness of agricultural industrial cluster is researched. The research assumes that the competiveness of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster is mainly represented to make the agricultural industrial cluster to acquire more capabilities in terms of innovation and knowledge sharing capability, resource allocation capability, agile market adaptability and distinct value creation capability.

  6. Researches on Countermeasures and the Status Quo of Agricultural Industrialized Cluster in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of the introduction of the connotation of agricultural industrialized cluster,the thesis introduces the competitive advantages of agricultural industrialized cluster as follows:firstly,it makes the agricultural production factors cluster and curtails the agricultural production costs;secondly it enhances the innovation abilities of industries;thirdly it improves the urbanization level of rural areas and increases farmers’ income.The thesis also analyzes the status quo of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province,points out the advantages of resources,cost,location and so on,and discuses the existing problems of the agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province as follows:firstly,the scale of agricultural industrialized cluster is small and the industrialized chain is short;secondly,there is a shortage of leading enterprises,and the radiating effect within industrialized cluster is not prominent;thirdly,the organization degree of agricultural industrialized cluster is weak,lacking scientific innovation ability.In order to solve the existing problems,the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as follows:firstly,take the market as the orientation,strengthen the policies formulation and accelerate the development of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan by leaps and bounds;secondly,choose suitable developing models of agricultural industrialized cluster.

  7. Mechanism for Increasing Effective Inputs in Urban Agriculture through Industrial Value Chain

    OpenAIRE

    Yun, Xiao-lan

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly introduces the value chain management thought, current situations of utilization, and connotation of mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through industrial value chain. On the basis of basic idea of value chain management, this paper is to explore the mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through the value chain of urban agriculture linking with other industries.

  8. 14 CFR 294.86 - Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport air operations prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport... Terms, Conditions, and Limitations of This Part § 294.86 Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport air operations prohibited. A registrant shall not engage in flights for the purpose of industrial or...

  9. Research on the Policy Orientation of Government in Agricultural Industrialization Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Governmental functions in agricultural industrialization management are analyzed, mainly including supplying public products, providing property right security, managing and protecting resources and environment as well as stabilizing the agro-product market. The policy orientation promoted by the government in agricultural industrialization management is pointed out: formulating a series of macro-management planning to guide and regulate agricultural industrialization operation; fully playing the comprehensive coordinating role of "economic manager"; making and carrying out relevant laws and regulations to normalize the implementation of agricultural industrialization management. To implement the industrial management of agriculture and promote the construction of new countryside, governments at all levels should eliminate the institutional barriers, transform governmental functions gradually and prioritize planning, regulation, service and supervision, changing from merely management to playing the role of market mechanism. Meanwhile, economic, legal and administrative means should be properly adopted to advance the industrial management and the healthy improvement of modern agriculture.

  10. Study on Growth of China’s Agricultural Industrial Chain from the Perspective of Large Scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhui; LIU; Yingliang; ZHANG; Taiyan; YANG

    2014-01-01

    The growth of agricultural industrial chain is the result of market demand,fund,technology,industrial development and policy guidance. At present,separate and small peasant operating model has become one of the important factors restricting the growth of agricultural industrial chain. From growth mechanism of agricultural industrial chain and actual conditions of China,this paper analyzed actual factors restricting the growth of agricultural industrial chain,and held that it is required to break system bottleneck of large scale agricultural production,match management conditions of large scale agricultural production,and orient towards large scale organization,large scale service,large scale industrial distribution,and large scale chain.

  11. The Construction of Intensive and Organized Agricultural Industrialization Model with Farmers as the Main Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The current agricultural conflicts of China are analyzed and the forms and drawbacks of current agricultural industrial structure are listed.The situations for intensifying the farmland with appropriate scale are analyzed from the aspects of policy,farmers,farms and modernization of agriculture.It is pointed out that the situations for the intensive use of land are becoming mature.Taking the single pig-breeding chain as an example,the agricultural industrialization model,which takes farmers as the main body,is expounded.Besides,its functions and significance in solving "the three agriculture problems" and facilitating the modernization of agriculture are discussed.

  12. Issues of Eco-agricultural Industrialization for Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Firstly,the necessities of ecological agriculture development in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster were discussed.Then,condition endowment of eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster was analyzed from the aspects of basic conditions and differential endowment of eco-agricultural industrialization.Finally,specific forms and functional orientation of eco-agriculture were pointed out.Countermeasures for the eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster were put forward.Firstly,the government guidance and the media publicity should be strengthened.Secondly,financial support for the eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster should be enhanced.Thirdly,branding strategies of eco-agricultural products in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster should be implemented as soon as possible.

  13. Genotoxicity of agricultural soils in the vicinity of industrial area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Mohd Ikram; Malik, Abdul

    2009-03-17

    Soil samples from agricultural fields (cultivated) in the vicinity of industrial area of Ghaziabad City (India) were collected. In this city, wastewater coming from both industrial and domestic sources and without any treatment is used to irrigate the food crops. This practice has been polluting the soil and pollutants might reach the food chain. Gas chromatographic analysis show the presence of certain organochlorine (DDE, DDT, dieldrin, aldrin and endosulfan) and organophosphorus (dimethoate, malathion, methylparathion and chlorpyrifos) pesticides in soil samples. Samples were extracted using different solvents, i.e. methanol, chloroform, acetonitrile, hexane and acetone (all were HPLC-grade, SRL, India), and the extracts were assayed for genotoxic potential using Ames Salmonella/microsome test, DNA repair defective mutants and bacteriophage lambda systems. TA98 and TA100 were found to be the most sensitive strains to all the soil extracts tested. Methanol extracts exhibited a maximum mutagenicity with TA98 strain {540 (-S9) and 638 (+S9) revertants/g of soil} and 938 (-S9) and 1008 (+S9) revertants/g of soil with TA100 strain. The damage in the DNA repair defective mutants was found maximum with methanolic extract followed by acetonitrile, chloroform, hexane and acetone at the dose level of 40 microl/ml culture after 6h of treatment. The survival was 25, 30, 32, 33 and 35% in polA strain after 6h of treatment when tested with wastewater irrigated soil extracts of methanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, hexane and acetone, respectively. A significant decrease in the plaque forming units of bacteriophage lambda was also observed when treated with 40 microl of test samples. Present results showed that methanolic extracts of soil were more toxic than other soil extracts. The soil is accumulating a large number of pollutants due to wastewater irrigation and this practice of accumulation has an impact on soil health.

  14. EXAMINATION OF EMPIRICAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITIES AND AGRICULTURAL POLICY OUTPUTS IN NIGERIA (1970-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunday Brownson Akpan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study investigated relationships between agricultural policy output (proxy by the agricultural productivity index, agricultural GDP/total GDP and crop productivity index and output of industrial sector (proxy by the industrial capacity utilization rate from 1970 to 2012 period in Nigeria. The study employed time series variables obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN, National Bureau of Statistics and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO. Augmented Dickey-Fuller unit root test was conducted on the specified time series, and the result showed that all non-growth rate series were integrated of order one, while growth rate series were stationary at level. The two-step Engle Granger method was employed to test for the presence of cointegration among specified variables. The result revealed that variables were not co-integrated. To avoid spurious regression, the specified models for non-growth rate series were estimated at first difference of the log variables. The empirical result revealed that, the industrial activities Granger cause crop activities in Nigeria. Also, the industrial activity has insignificant relationship with agricultural productivity indices in Nigeria. The same result was also obtained for industrial activities and agricultural GDP/total GDP. However, the result further revealed that, the industrial activity has significant negative correlation with the crop productivity index in Nigeria. These imply that, agricultural production had not played significant role in industrial development in Nigeria. This result suggests that, there is no significant impact of the backward integration policy of the agricultural sector on industrial sector in Nigeria. In addition, the result revealed that, agricultural policies during liberalization era (1986 - 2012 shifted the coefficient of the industrial activities positively. Therefore, it is recommended that the agricultural production in Nigeria should be boosted so as to

  15. Study on Balanced Development of Industrialization,Urbanization and Agricultural Modernization in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article expounds the connotation of balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization",and points out the problems thwarting balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization" in Henan Province as follows:the level of industrialization is not high;the general level of urbanization is low;the agricultural foundation is weak and there are many institutional barriers.The goal of balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization" in Henan Province is to take a road of industrialization and urbanization,not at the expense of agriculture and food.Based on this,the measures are put forward for balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization " in Henan Province as follows:keep to the new road of industrialization with characteristics of Henan Province,promote the development of industry and accelerate the transformation of pattern;keep to the road of new urbanization with characteristics of Henan Province,and promote the rapid change in urban development pattern;adhere to the road of agricultural modernization with characteristics of Henan Province,and promote the rapid change in pattern of agricultural development.

  16. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN De-gang

    2012-01-01

    Firstly, this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then, it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei Province has superior geographical location, rich natural resources, abundant human resources, diversified capital sources, and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises, agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province, organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved, and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market, the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.

  17. Discussion on Industry Chain Financing Promoting International Competitiveness of China’s Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tuo; LI; Tingting; CHANG

    2015-01-01

    Industry chain financing,also known as supply chain financing,is a kind of financial innovation in production and transaction emerging from the 1990 s. Recent years,industry chain financing has gradually permeated in agriculture. As one of the major agricultural countries in the world,China should still make great endeavor in satisfying domestic requirement of agricultural products and improving international competitiveness. Based on the empirical and feasible analysis of agricultural industry chain financing,this article emphasizes on the new mode of industry chain financing and puts forward some related policy suggestions to discuss how to quicken agricultural development with financial support as well as promote international competitiveness of China’s agriculture.

  18. Mechanism for Increasing Effective Inputs in Urban Agriculture through Industrial Value Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly introduces the value chain management thought,current situations of utilization,and connotation of mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through industrial value chain.On the basis of basic idea of value chain management,this paper is to explore the mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through the value chain of urban agriculture linking with other industries.

  19. Agricultural Ecological Zoning Plan of Old Industrial Bases in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of brief description of current situation of old industrial bases and primary industry of Liaoning Province, the paper introduces the general situation of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. First, the ecological bases of agricultural zoning plan are introduced through various topographic and geomorphic types, regional climate differences and imbalanced distribution of natural resources; Second, in accordance with the theory of comparative advantage, distribution of production and resource economics, on the basis of comprehensive evaluation of agricultural natural resources, with the principle of fully excavating economic function of different natural resources, and in order to improve allocation efficiency of the two resources of market and government, the formation of ecological zoning plan of agriculture in Liaoning Province is analyzed; Third, according to Regional Layout Planning of Characteristic Agricultural Products of Liaoning Province (2006-2010), the paper describes basic layout of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. The policy support of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province is analyzed from three aspects-support policy of functional zone major in producing grain, support policy of other characteristic agriculture-ecological zone and support measures of development of agriculture-ecological zone. The paper also analyzes experiences of agricultural development of old industrial bases in ecological zoning plan: First, agriculture-ecological zoning plan is a effective way of the revitalization of old industrial bases; Second, scientificity of plan is the basis of improving competitiveness of regional agriculture; Third, multi-input mechanism guiding by government is the key of agricultural packing effect; Fourth, integrated agricultural industrial chain is guarantee of realizing industrialization in ecological zone.

  20. Review of Researches on Agricultural Industry Chain at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge; SONG; Taiyan; YANG; Jianhui; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Management of agricultural industry chain is the main form of modern agricultural industrialization. Integration and optimization of agricultural chain have great significance in deepening the reform in the countryside,quickening the development of agricultural modernization and establishing new system of agricultural management. Based on the theory sources and contents of agricultural chain as well as the current researches at home and abroad,this paper hackles and concludes information technology,logistics management and food safety and quality in foreign agricultural chain as well as the organization model,operation mechanism,integration and optimization,promotion and extension,financing and risk prevention,influencing factors as well as performance evaluation in domestic agricultural chain and offers relevant review in order to provide further reference for future researches.

  1. Coupling Path of China’s Modern Service Industry and Agriculture Based on Improved Entropy Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shouwu JING; Yong XIA; Honghong CHEN

    2015-01-01

    The economic development of China has transformed from factor-driven type to innovation-driven type,and the upgrading of industrial structure is very important. In this paper,in order to explore the path of the coupling effect of modern service industry and agriculture,based on previous research and practical experience,we select 14 indicators,and then use the theory of dissipative structure,coupling degree and coupling coordination degree to measure the coupling phase of modern service industry and agriculture. On this basis,we use the spillover effect for the empirical testing of influence of modern service industry on agricultural development. The study shows that modern service industry and agriculture in our country are at the medium coupling,and in the early stage of development. The spillover effects of China’s modern service industry on China’s economic development and agricultural progress are significant. Finally,the policy recommendations are put forward from tourism,logistics and so on to promote the coupling of modern service industry and agriculture and provide a reference for promoting the coupling level of China’s modern service industry and agriculture.

  2. THE NEED TO IMPROVE PRACTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romeo Cătălin CREŢU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, the establishment of the market economy has required the elaboration and implementation of agricultural, alimentary and nutritional policies, based on scientific criteria, to ensure that the structure of Romanian agriculture would come close to that of the European Union agriculture. Agricultural policy needs to be coherent, flexible and directed towards the economic, social and environmental protection performance. Worldwide practice shows that empiric experience of economic agents does not suffice, but requires plenty of scientific knowledge. The hereby study undertakes to carry out a radiography of the production potential of agricultural operations in Romania and to demonstrate the need for improving practical information systems in agriculture and specialized industry.

  3. Solar energy for agricultural and industrial process heat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-22

    A state-of-the-art review of solar process heat is given; near term prospects are discussed; and the federal solar industrial process heat program is reviewed. Existing solar industrial process heat projects are tabulated. (WHK)

  4. The Rural Information-based Construction under the Perspective of Expanding Agricultural Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of expounding connotation and significance of expansion of agricultural industrial chain, coupled with the connotation of rural informatization connotation, this article analyses the role of rural informatization in expanding agricultural industrial chain: it can enhance market competitiveness of industry chain, improve the operational efficiency of industry chain, and promote the income and quality of farmers in industry chain. Under the perspective of expanding agricultural industrial chain, this article puts forwards thinking about the construction of rural informatization as follows: first, give full play to the leading role of the government; second, strengthen the construction of information-based network facility; third, integrate information resources in rural areas, and improve the quality of information; fourth, build comprehensive information service platform in rural areas; fifth, improve organizational level of production and management of individual farmers; sixth, strengthen the construction of information-based personnel in rural areas; seventh, strengthen publicity and training, promote overall cultural quality and information awareness of farmers.

  5. The Industrial Cluster of the Primary Agriculture Based on "Diamond Model"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo and problems of industrial cluster of the primary agriculture is discussed by dividing the cluster into primary cluster and advanced cluster and by using Michael Porter’s Diamond Model from the five aspects including production factors, demand factors, relevant industry and supporting industry, the strategy and structure of enterprises and horizontal competition and opportunities and government. In the end, the countermeasures on promoting the development and expansion of industrial cluster of primary agriculture are put forward. Firstly, intensifying the training on farmers and introduce into advanced science and technology results; secondly, perfecting the construction of infrastructure, creating famous brand and widening the channels for funding; thirdly, strengthening the development of relevant industries and supporting industries; fourthly, perfecting land transfer system; improving the degree of systematization and cultivating pillar industries; fifthly, intensifying the government’ support on industrial cluster.

  6. Studies on the Structure Evolvement of Organic Agricultural Industry in Taiwan and its Influential Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; XU; Zheng; ZHANG; Li; KONG

    2014-01-01

    In order to study the development of organic agriculture in Taiwan in recent years,and based on relevant agriculture,economic and social statistics,the general scale of organic agriculture and industrial structure were treated with statistic analysis. Results suggest that the general scale of organic agriculture in Taiwan grew rapidly from 2004 to 2011. The certified organic farmers grew by 140. 59%,and the area with organic plantation grew by 302. 40%. The industrial structure has changed significantly as vegetables have become the No. 1 organic crop instead of rice. Besides of the four major crops,organic plantation has played an increasingly important role. Essential factors influencing the great-leap-forward development include the general trend of agricultural industrial structure adjustment,proliferation of management system and strategic opportunities brought by economic cycles.

  7. [Eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure: assessment and development prediction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liang; Zhu, Li-Qun; Zhang, Si-Wei; Zhang, Pei-Qi; Xu, Min-Lun; Bian, Xin-Min

    2012-11-01

    Based on the 'three critical points' theory of eco-fitness, and by using dynamic weighting and fitting methods, an assessment system for the eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure was constructed, and, taking Zhangqiu of Shandong Province, East China as a case, the eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure was assessed and predicted. Due to the limited agro-ecological resources, the comprehensive eco-fitness index of four kinds of agricultural leading industry in Zhangqiu presented an upward trend from 2005 to 2010, but a downward trend from 2011 to 2015. The eco-fitness indices of oil crops and fruits would be negative in 2015. The applied research in Zhangqiu confirmed the validity of the assessment system constructed for the eco-fitness of county-level agriculture leading industry structure and the rationality of the prediction model.

  8. [Division of agricultural areas based on the level of pollution with industrial toxic substances].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safonnikova, S M; Maksimova, G F; Iakhina, M P; Magzhanova, S A

    1993-10-01

    Investigation of soil in the region with oil processing industry showed that soil of agricultural fields 10 km around is much polluted and can be used only for growing of technical crops and perennial grasses for seeds. Soil 15-20 km around is less polluted, but also demands limitation in agricultural use, especially on low riverside parts.

  9. Mechanism Research of Regional Brand Enhancement Based on Agricultural Industry Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article makes an integral and comprehensive study on the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters using the theories of industrial clusters and regional brands.By analyzing the key determinants in the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters,we establish a systemic theory system.The results show that as an important mediator in the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters,the construction of value chain system is of vital importance.Other factors, such as the government guidance and service,the promotion of industry associations and professional cooperatives,play a key regulating role in this process.

  10. The role of industry in international animal agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peel, C J

    1996-06-01

    The role of agribusiness and the linkages needed with other organizations and governments to be effective in developing countries are examined. After these links are established, then the strengths of business (organizing knowledge, capital, and people into productive and profitable enterprises) can contribute to improved agricultural productivity in developing countries. Technologies and products already transferred and examples of future products of biotechnology (bovine somatotropin to increase milk production and virus-resistant sweet potatoes) are discussed. Higher input systems can be successful in developing countries, as exemplified by the Saskawa-Global 2000 project, which had doubled crop yields of small-holders in some of the poorest countries of West Africa. Combining the forces of U.S. agriculture and its related agribusiness and the new products of biotechnology, the United States has an opportunity to provide the leadership in both a moral and material way to ensure there is sufficient food for all people as we move into the third millennium.

  11. Renewable resources in industry. Industrial use of agricultural and wood raw materials in Germany. 3. compl. rev. ed.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, Dietmar

    2010-11-17

    The ''Action Plan for the Industrial Use of Renewable Resources'' that was adopted by the German Federal Government in 2009 is an important impulse for promoting the industrial use of renewable resources parallel to their use for energy generation. The Action Plan sets forth a broad vision, not only for a significant and sustainable increase in the proportion of biomass used in industry but also for an improvement in the efficiency of biomass use in ensuring Germany's raw material supplies while taking into account the objectives and requirements of sustainability strategies. It also aims to secure and advance Germany's role as an international leader in the industrial use of renewable resources. This brochure provides an overview of the possible industrial uses of renewable resources in Germany and illustrates the important role that agricultural raw materials and wood already play in today's industry. (orig.)

  12. Impact of Agricultural Modernization,Economic Growth and Industrialization on the International Competitiveness of Agricultural Products:Based on the Empirical Analysis of Cointegration and VEC Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen; YAO

    2015-01-01

    The expanded agricultural trade deficit in recent years has caused widespread concern about the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.In this paper,guided by Michael Porter’s diamond model theory,based on agricultural production and trade data in China and the world from 1986 to 2011,we use principal component analysis,cointegration and vector error correction model,to perform an empirical analysis of the impact of agricultural modernization,economic growth and industrialization on the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.The results show that China’s agricultural modernization is slow,the demand for agricultural products caused by economic growth is increased,and excessive rural labor transfer due to industrialization leads to decline in the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.China should increase its efforts to promote the modernization of agriculture and level of industry nurturing agriculture;use WTO rules to create a good international and domestic environment for the development of China’s agriculture and improvement of the international competitiveness of agricultural products;give full play to the role of demand in boosting the industrial upgrading of domestic agriculture.

  13. Industrial and Employment Structural Imbalance in Northeast China and Agricultural Enhancement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Suping; WANG Yalin; ZHU Yong

    2009-01-01

    Balanced development between industrial and employment structures are important indicators of regional economic and social health. By introducing indicators such as industrial structure deviation, comparative labor productivity, international comparison of relative labor productivity as well as employment elasticity, the paper further probed into intricate causes for the imbalance between industrial and employment structures in this specific region from a new angle which based on the evolution process analyses of both industrial and employment structures in Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang in Northeast China. The paper also suggested policy measures to strengthen agricultural developments and to facilitate the balance between industrial and employment structures.

  14. Impact of biotechnology on sugarcane agriculture and industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    There are nine key issues that can influence the productivity and sustainability of the sugarcane industry. These include land, soil fertility, water, variety, planting density, crop protection, cultural practices, harvesting and processing, and information technology. To all sugarcane farmers, it r...

  15. Security Guarantee of Agriculture Industry Based on the Improvement of Legal System of Peasant Specialized Cooperative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Current status of several management models of the agriculture industry is introduced,as well as its impacts on industrial security.The management models are mainly the enterprise-like operation model,"enterprise + peasant household" model,small-scale peasants’ operation model,and peasant specialized cooperative model.Functions of peasant specialized cooperative in ensuring the security of agricultural industry are introduced,which are enhancing the industrial security by organization degree,promoting the industrial security by scale economy formed by cooperative organizations,fully utilizing the resources by the factor allocation capability,and ensuring the industrial security by industrial chain improvement.Development predicaments of the peasant specialized cooperative at present are analyzed,such as small scale,poor economic benefits,and non-standard operation.Analysis shows that institutional absence is the main reason causing these predicaments.And suggestions on improving the cooperatives system in the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Peasants Specialized Cooperatives are put forward,in order to better ensure the security of agriculture industry

  16. Statistics of Certain Manual Training, Agricultural, and Industrial Schools, 1913-1914. Bulletin, 1915, No. 19. Whole Number 644

    Science.gov (United States)

    United States Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1915

    1915-01-01

    This bulletin presents the statistics of 479 manual training schools, agricultural schools, and industrial, trade, and vocational schools for 1914. At present these are divided into four groups: (1) public manual-training high schools; (2) agricultural schools (State agricultural high schools, district agricultural high schools, country…

  17. 29 CFR 1926.1003 - Overhead protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... industrial tractors used in construction. 1926.1003 Section 1926.1003 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor... protection for operators of agricultural and industrial tractors used in construction. (a) General—(1) Purpose. When overhead protection is provided on wheel-type agricultural and industrial tractors,...

  18. Actual prospects of single cell protein (SCP) in agriculture and industry.

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Since the beginning of the XXthcentury, single cell protein production has represented abiotechnological option, which viability has been muchargued, for the handling and profitable disposal of largeamounts of agricultural and industrial waste materials. Due tothe nature of this process, lots of pollution sources can betransformed into useful materials with industrial, nutritionaland economical value. This paper overviews the historicalevolution of single cell protein, its importance andappli...

  19. From alternative Agriculture to the Food Industry, The Need for Changes in Food Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine; Nielsen, Thorkild

    1997-01-01

    have established rules and control systems for organic agriculture (the last decade). A break-through of organic food production is now taking place in some EU member states. This third change is indicated by more positive attitudes to organic products from the food industry but also by an increasing...

  20. Influence of agricultural activities, forest fires and agro-industries on air quality in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phairuang, Worradorn; Hata, Mitsuhiko; Furuuchi, Masami

    2017-02-01

    Annual and monthly-based emission inventories in northern, central and north-eastern provinces in Thailand, where agriculture and related agro-industries are very intensive, were estimated to evaluate the contribution of agricultural activity, including crop residue burning, forest fires and related agro-industries on air quality monitored in corresponding provinces. The monthly-based emission inventories of air pollutants, or, particulate matter (PM), NOx and SO2, for various agricultural crops were estimated based on information on the level of production of typical crops: rice, corn, sugarcane, cassava, soybeans and potatoes using emission factors and other parameters related to country-specific values taking into account crop type and the local residue burning period. The estimated monthly emission inventory was compared with air monitoring data obtained at monitoring stations operated by the Pollution Control Department, Thailand (PCD) for validating the estimated emission inventory. The agro-industry that has the greatest impact on the regions being evaluated, is the sugar processing industry, which uses sugarcane as a raw material and its residue as fuel for the boiler. The backward trajectory analysis of the air mass arriving at the PCD station was calculated to confirm this influence. For the provinces being evaluated which are located in the upper northern, lower northern and northeast in Thailand, agricultural activities and forest fires were shown to be closely correlated to the ambient PM concentration while their contribution to the production of gaseous pollutants is much less.

  1. Second biomass conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This volume provides the proceedings for the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, Environment, Agriculture, and Industry which was held August 21-24, 1995. The volume contains copies of full papers as provided by the researchers. Individual papers were separately indexed and abstracted for the database.

  2. 论广西农垦农业产业化建设%On the Construction of Agriculture Industrialization of Guangxi Agriculture & Cultivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈飞霞

    2013-01-01

      农业产业化是对我国农业经营体制机制的创新,是现代农业发展的方向,是构建现代农业产业体系的重要内容。文章分析了广西农垦管区农业现有的经营体系,结合广西农垦实际,就如何推进其农业产业化建设进行了初步的探讨,并从观念转变、产业规划、龙头带动、创新体制、融资、完善市场体系、走特色路子等方面提出了发展的对策。%Agriculture Industrialization is a innovation to the agriculture operation system, and is basic trend of modern agri-culture as well as the important content of constructing the modern agricultural industry technology system. The paper analyzes the current agricultural management system in the districts of Guangxi agriculture& cultivation and discusses how to advance agricultural industrialization in combined with work practice. And then puts forward the development of countermeasures from the aspects of concept change, industry plans, leading to drive, innovation system, financing, improving the market system, the characters of agriculture, etc.

  3. International Comparison,Regional Characteristics and Regulatory Management of Structural Rise in the Prices of Chinese Industrial and Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming; ZHANG; Hong; TAN; Ran; AN; Zhibo; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    China’s price fluctuations increasingly exhibit significant structural characteristics,and since 2003,there have been several rounds of significant structural price rise.The degree of structural rise in the prices of industrial and agricultural products in China is not only higher than in the general developed countries and developing countries,but also more prominent than in other transition economies.And the structural rise in the prices of Chinese industrial and agricultural products exhibits significant economic zone differences:the structural fluctuations are the greatest in the central and western regions,significantly higher than in the eastern regions as well as the national average.From the perspective of causes of structural rise in the prices of Chinese industrial and agricultural products,the government must aim to coordinate the industrial and agricultural investments and bridge the gap in the industrial and agricultural technologies and supply capacity.

  4. The effects of industrial and agricultural activity on the water quality of the Sitnica River (Kosovo)

    OpenAIRE

    Albona Shala; Fatbardh Sallaku; Agron Shala; Shkëlzim Ukaj

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in Kosovo is water pollution. The use of polluted water has a direct impact on human health and cause long-term consequences. The longest and most polluted river in Kosovo is the Sitnica, a 90 km long river with its source located near the village of Sazli. The river flows into the Ibar River in Northern Kosovo. Agriculture is prevailing activity in the basin of Sitnica which is why agricultural as well as industrial waste are the biggest water pollutants. The purpose of th...

  5. Scientific correspondence in the archive of the General Directorate of Agriculture under the Ministry of Agriculture Industry and Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nella Eramo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The archive, which testifies the activity of the offices dedicated to geological studies and to the collection of meteorological investigations from 1870 to 1895, contains important files of scientific correspondence. The latter includes letters from scientists, members of the councils, committees and research commissions established under the Ministry of Agriculture Industry and Commerce, as well as correspondence of technicians who were charged with particular duties by the administration, like Nicola Maraglia, general director for Agriculture, and Felice Giordano, director of the Service of the Mines. They are rich in news, opinions, observations and reports portraying scientific events and personalities of the time. As an example, some documents concerning the following topics are illustrated: the origins of the Central Office of Meteorology and the role of Giovanni Cantoni the establishment of a service for the systematic collection of data about seismic phenomena, by Michele Stefano De Rossi; the activity of the Geodynamic Commission; the project by Giulio Grablowitz for the constructionof the observatory of Ischia.



  6. EXPLORING LINKS AMONG INVENTORY AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE IN THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitris Folinas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to investigate the effects of Inventory Turnover and Inventory Days on firm performance in the United Kingdom agricultural machinery industry by examining past literature reviews and empirical evidence of a primary research. Specific performance measures such as Earnings before Interest and Tax to Sales Ratio, Gross Profit to Sales Ratio, and Return on Assets are examined by conducting statistical analyses to determine the correlations between inventory and financial performance in agricultural machinery industry. The analysis of Inventory Turnover with financial performance measures doesn’t indicate any links between these variables. Furthermore, based on the results, Inventory Days plays a role in the financial performance of organisations however to varying degrees.

  7. The effects of industrial and agricultural activity on the water quality of the Sitnica River (Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albona Shala

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An important issue in Kosovo is water pollution. The use of polluted water has a direct impact on human health and cause long-term consequences. The longest and most polluted river in Kosovo is the Sitnica, a 90 km long river with its source located near the village of Sazli. The river flows into the Ibar River in Northern Kosovo. Agriculture is prevailing activity in the basin of Sitnica which is why agricultural as well as industrial waste are the biggest water pollutants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate water quality of the river and analyse the pollution level along the Sitnica River caused by agricultural activities and industrial discharges. In order to assess the impact of pollutants on this river, a measurements were carried out in four (five monitoring stations: the first station represents the reference station which has not undergone or has not been affected by polluting pressures, two stations in water areas affected by the irrigation of farming land and two monitoring stations in water areas affected by industrial wastewater discharge. Some of the parameters of water quality analysed are temperature, turbidity, electrical conductivity, pH, DO, COD, BOD, P total, nitrates, sulfates, and heavy metals iron, manganese, zinc, nickel. Compared to the reference station the results obtained from the Gracka and Pestova monitoring stations prove that the dominant form of pollution is that from agricultural lands irrigation, while the Plemetin and Mitrovica stations show that the Sitnica River is affected by wastewater discharge which contains significant concentrations of heavy metals, as well as metal ions selected in this paper. It can be concluded that the irrigation of agricultural lands and discharges from mining significantly affect water quality of the Sitnica River.

  8. Industrial development, agricultural growth, urbanization and environmental Kuznets curve in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Anees; Ishfaq, Ahmed

    2011-01-01

    The debate of environmental issues and their analysis is of vital interest for economic policies. Institutions are engaged in identifying and estimating the extent of environmental impact of determinants controllable via policy measures. Annual data from the on Carbon Dioxide emission, economic growth, consumption of energy, openness for foreign trade, urbanization, industrial growth and agriculture growth on Pakistan is used for 1971 to 2007. Augmented Vector Autoregression technique and coi...

  9. Added Value in the Rural Agro-industries: an analysis based on the Agricultural Census data

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The paper discusses the added value in the Brazilian rural agro-industries. The information is derived from tabulations based on Agricultural Census microdata, which allowed us to construct a sectorial and macro-regional comparison. Among the wide set of manufacturing and processing activities measured by the census, we selected nine processed products in the rural establishments (aguardente, jams and jellies, cassava flour, corn meal, bread, cheese and cream cheese, rapadura, sausage and tap...

  10. The Impacts of Income from Non-agricultural Industries Operated by Rural households on Farmers’ Income

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households is an important income source of farmers’ income. According to the Regional Rural Residents’ Net Income Per Capita in 2004 issued by the State Statistics Bureau and the relevant statistics of national comprehensive investigation(CGSS2005) in 2005, the impacts of farmers’ income gap and farmers’ individual features on their income and the impacts of income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households on farmers’ individual income differences are analyzed by applying Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) as an analysis tool to establish the null model of HLM, excluding the second level model of the second level prediction variables and including the second level model of the second layer prediction variables. The analysis assumes that farmers’ individual income varies hugely in different provinces; farmers’ individual income has close relation with farmers’ individual features; the improvement of income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households has different impacts on farmers’ income.

  11. Variations in the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in industrial and agricultural soils after bioremediation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Meixia; Gong, Zongqiang; Allinson, Graeme; Tai, Peidong; Miao, Renhui; Li, Xiaojun; Jia, Chunyun; Zhuang, Jie

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the variations in bioavailability remaining in industrial and agricultural soils contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) after bioremediation. After inoculation of Mycobacterium sp. and Mucor sp., PAH biodegradation was tested on a manufactured gas plant (MGP) soil and an agricultural soil. PAH bioavailability was assessed before and after biodegradation using solid-phase extraction (Tenax-TA extraction) and solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) to represent bioaccessibility and chemical activity of PAHs, respectively. Only 3- and 4-ring PAHs were noticeably biodegradable in the MGP soil. PAH biodegradation in the agricultural soil was different from that in the MGP soil. The rapidly desorbing fractions (F(rap)) extracted by Tenax-TA and the freely dissolved concentrations of 3- and 4-ring PAHs determined by SPME from the MGP soil decreased after 30 days biodegradation; those values of the 5- and 6-ring PAHs changed to a lesser degree. For the agricultural soil, the F(rap) values of the 3- and 4-ring PAHs also decreased after the biodegradation experiment. The Tenax-TA extraction and the SPME have the potential to assess variations in the bioavailability of PAHs and the degree of biodegradation in contaminated MGP soils. In addition, Tenax-TA extraction is more sensitive than SPME when used in the agricultural soil.

  12. Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade in Agricultural and Food Products Between Poland and EU Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łapinska Justyna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the country-specific determinants of intra-industry trade between Poland and its European Union trading partners in agricultural and food products during the time period 2002-2011. An econometric model for panel data is applied for the analysis of the factors determining Polish bilateral intra-industry trade with European Union countries. The research leads to the formulation of a statement that the intensity of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products is positively influenced by the intensity of trade with EU countries and the level of economic development of the member countries (as measured by the size of their GDP per capita. Increase in intra-trade turnover is also facilitated by EU membership and by the fact that Poland’s trade partners use similar Slavic-based languages. Relative differences in the size of the economies and relative differences in Poland’s and its trading partners’ levels of economic development have a negative impact. The degree of the imbalance of trade turnover between trading partners also negatively influences the intensity of intra-trade exchange. The research confirms that the impact of all of the identified factors determining intra-industry trade is consistent with the predictions of the theory.

  13. Comparison of DDT and its metabolites concentrations in cow milk from agricultural and industrial areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuba, Jarosław; Tomza-Marciniak, Agnieszka; Pilarczyk, Bogumiła; Tarasewicz, Natalia; Pilarczyk, Renata; Ligocki, Marek

    2015-01-01

    The risk of pesticidal intoxication in humans is severe, especially because of the strongly negative impact on human health. The consequences of the exposure to these substances may include cancerogenesis or endocrine abnormalities resulting for example in decreased fertility. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the content of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites in cow milk from two regions of Poland, varying by level of industrialization. Samples were collected from agricultural (n = 25) and industrial (n = 25) areas, and the concentrations of DDT and its metabolites were evaluated by gas chromatography. Residues of DDT were detected in all the milk samples tested, mostly in the samples from the agricultural area, where a total DDT median concentration reached 0.336 μg L(-1). In the milk samples from the industrial area, the median concentration was lower, at 0.131 μg L(-1). 4,4'-DDT was the main metabolite, constituting 83% of total DDT metabolites. Although none of the samples exceeded the level above which they should be considered dangerous, the results showed that the problem of DDT had not diminished and so should be constantly monitored.

  14. GOLD AND LAND PRICES WITH CAPITAL ACCUMULATION IN AN ECONOMY WITH INDUSTRIAL AND AGRICULTURAL SECTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG WEI-BIN

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine dynamic interactions among gold value, land price and economic structure in a growth model with capital accumulation. The paper proposes a two-sector general equilibrium model with land and gold prices as endogenous variables. The economy consists of industrial and agricultural sectors with fixed land and gold. Land is used for residential use and agricultural production and gold is used for saving and decorations. The portfolio equilibrium growth model is based on the neoclassical growth theory and Ricardian theory. We simulate the model to demonstrate that the economic system has a unique stable steady state. We show how exogenous changes in preference and technology affect the transitory processes and long-term equilibrium.

  15. Size distribution of aerosol particles: comparison between agricultural and industrial areas in Egypt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tadros, M.T.Y.; Madkour, M. [Mansoura Univ., Physics Dept., Mansoura (Egypt); Elmetwally, M. [Egyptian Meteorological Authority, Abbasyia-Cairo (Egypt)

    1999-07-01

    Mie theory has been used in this work to obtain a theoretical calculation of the size distribution of aerosol particles by using tabulated mean of the Angstrom wavelength exponent {alpha}{sub o}. Comparison was done between an industrial polluted area (Helwan, which is a neighbor to Cairo city), and an agricultural relatively unpolluted area (Mansoura, about 140 km from Cairo). The results show that the size distribution obeys the Junge power law. The size of particles in the polluted area is larger than that in the unpolluted area. (Author)

  16. Research advances of antimicrobial peptides and applications in food industry and agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Shuo; Xu, Huanli; Wang, Fengshan

    2010-06-01

    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are produced by a wide range of organisms and serve as their natural defenses against infection caused by bacteria, viruses and fungi. Because of the positively charge and amphipathic structure, AMPs kill target cells through diverse and complex mechanisms once in a target membrane and these special mechanisms are considered to be the critical factors for the less tendency of drug resistance development. Thus AMPs may become a new generation of promising antimicrobial agents in future anti-infection application. Additionally, AMPs can also be used in food industry and agriculture. On the basis of discussing the structural features, action mechanisms and sources, the applications of AMPs were reviewed in this paper, including in food industry, feedstuff, cultivation of disease-resistant transgenic plant, cultivation of transgenic animal, and aquaculture, especially the patented applications.

  17. The plant breeding industry after pure line theory: Lessons from the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Dominic

    2014-06-01

    In the early twentieth century, Wilhelm Johannsen proposed his pure line theory and the genotype/phenotype distinction, work that is prized as one of the most important founding contributions to genetics and Mendelian plant breeding. Most historians have already concluded that pure line theory did not change breeding practices directly. Instead, breeding became more orderly as a consequence of pure line theory, which structured breeding programmes and eliminated external heritable influences. This incremental change then explains how and why the large multi-national seed companies that we know today were created; pure lines invited standardisation and economies of scale that the latter were designed to exploit. Rather than focus on breeding practice, this paper examines the plant varietal market itself. It focusses upon work conducted by the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB) during the interwar years, and in doing so demonstrates that, on the contrary, the pure line was actually only partially accepted by the industry. Moreover, claims that contradicted the logic of the pure line were not merely tolerated by the agricultural geneticists affiliated with NIAB, but were acknowledged and legitimised by them. The history of how and why the plant breeding industry was transformed remains to be written.

  18. LIBS: a potential tool for industrial/agricultural waste water analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpate, Tanvi; K. M., Muhammed Shameem; Nayak, Rajesh; V. K., Unnikrishnan; Santhosh, C.

    2016-04-01

    Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a multi-elemental analysis technique with various advantages and has the ability to detect any element in real time. This technique holds a potential for environmental monitoring and various such analysis has been done in soil, glass, paint, water, plastic etc confirms the robustness of this technique for such applications. Compared to the currently available water quality monitoring methods and techniques, LIBS has several advantages, viz. no need for sample preparation, fast and easy operation, and chemical free during the process. In LIBS, powerful pulsed laser generates plasma which is then analyzed to get quantitative and qualitative details of the elements present in the sample. Another main advantage of LIBS technique is that it can perform in standoff mode for real time analysis. Water samples from industries and agricultural strata tend to have a lot of pollutants making it harmful for consumption. The emphasis of this project is to determine such harmful pollutants present in trace amounts in industrial and agricultural wastewater. When high intensity laser is made incident on the sample, a plasma is generated which gives a multielemental emission spectra. LIBS analysis has shown outstanding success for solids samples. For liquid samples, the analysis is challenging as the liquid sample has the chances of splashing due to the high energy of laser and thus making it difficult to generate plasma. This project also deals with determining the most efficient method for testing of water sample for qualitative as well as quantitative analysis using LIBS.

  19. MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS IN AGRICULTURAL-FOOD INDUSTRY IN THE WORLD BETWEEN 1990 AND 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Jaworska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the specification of the sector, distinct tendencies in FDI flows can be expected both in the short and long term. The aforementioned assumption constituted the basis for the research the aiming at of which the presentation of the level, dynamics and structure of cross-border mergers and acquisitions in agricultural-food industry and exploration, on their basis, of the tendencies and directions in which they are going to change as well as to specify the place and role of agriculture and food industry in global flows of FDI. In order to reach the aforementioned goal, ex-post empiric analysis of capital flows in the form of mergers and acquisitions was applied (1990-2012 together with chosen statistical methods (measurements of placement and variation and with indicators of structure and dynamics. The results of the analysis showed that M&As, in the long term, was specified by a relatively high cyclical nature as well as by a growing trend with short-term fluctuations around the trend distinct from those specifying other sectors. Moreover, the research proved that mergers and acquisitions constituted an important form of FDI flows and their implementation had a marginal meaning when considering the whole sector. 

  20. Standardization of the Industrial Chain of Distinctive Agricultural Products Based on Network Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the paper,the concept of circulation industrial chain of distinctive agricultural products is introduced.By using the e-commerce platform,the new industrial chain for the circulation of distinctive agricultural products on the basis of online transaction is established.In view of the standardization problems in the production and processing section,online exhibition and trade section,after sale section,the related solutions are put forward.In the production and processing sections,the fruit farmers should implement scale cultivation;pick and store fruits according to the local situation;pack fruits by using green package which can represent the features of the brand;establish the agricultural products association.In the section of online exhibition and trade,the identity of network platform should be normalized and the authentication technique and system should be perfected;the unification of product exhibition should be paid attention to;the specialization of negotiation should be intensified and the differences in communication should be represented;the price should be made comprehensively and the reference factors should be diversified;the entrance situation should be legalized and the account should be managed differently.In the after sale section,the business scope of logistics should be expanded and technology should be input;taking the customers as the center,the subsystem of distinctive service standard should be stipulated;the credit evaluation standard and punishment mechanism should be clarified;the customer-related management system should be implemented as well as the supervision mechanism.

  1. Diversified Farming Systems: An Agroecological, Systems-based Alternative to Modern Industrial Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claire Kremen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This Special Issue on Diversified Farming Systems is motivated by a desire to understand how agriculture designed according to whole systems, agroecological principles can contribute to creating a more sustainable, socially just, and secure global food system. We first define Diversified Farming Systems (DFS as farming practices and landscapes that intentionally include functional biodiversity at multiple spatial and/or temporal scales in order to maintain ecosystem services that provide critical inputs to agriculture, such as soil fertility, pest and disease control, water use efficiency, and pollination. We explore to what extent DFS overlap or are differentiated from existing concepts such as sustainable, multifunctional, organic or ecoagriculture. DFS are components of social-ecological systems that depend on certain combinations of traditional and contemporary knowledge, cultures, practices, and governance structures. Further, as ecosystem services are generated and regenerated within a DFS, the resulting social benefits in turn support the maintenance of the DFS, enhancing its ability to provision these services sustainably. We explore how social institutions, particularly alternative agri-food networks and agrarian movements, may serve to promote DFS approaches, but note that such networks and movements have other primary goals and are not always explicitly connected to the environmental and agroecological concerns embodied within the DFS concept. We examine global trends in agriculture to investigate to what extent industrialized forms of agriculture are replacing former DFS, assess the current and potential contributions of DFS to food security, food sovereignty and the global food supply, and determine where and under what circumstances DFS are expanding rather than contracting.

  2. 农业产业化融资探讨%An Investigation into Industrialization Financing of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷

    2015-01-01

    The process of China's modernized agriculture is continuously been accelerated,and is gradually breaking away from the dilemma of traditional agriculture and it has been continuously improved to be scale and highly mechanical,but there are still some problems in financing,which greatly impacts the further development of agricultural industrialization,and this paper focused on the problems in the financing of agricultural industrialization and made analysis,and it explored the effective ideas and countermeasures for industrialization financing of agriculture and worked out that it is an effective way to promote the healthy development of agricultural industrialization in China.%我国现代化农业进程不断加快,逐步脱离了传统农业的困境,规模化、机械化水平不断提升,但仍然存在融资困难问题,极大地影响了农业产业化的进一步发展.针对我国农业产业化融资过程中的问题,展开深入分析,探讨农业产业化融资的有效思路和对策,是促进我国农业产业化健康发展的有效方式.

  3. Bienvenidos a Canadá? Globalization and the Migration Industry Surrounding Temporary Agricultural Migration in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hennebry, Jenna L.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available English“Migrant workers” have become an important resource in the global economy, and not solelyfor employers and governments. Multilateral agreements, trade liberalization, and advancementsin communication and transportation have enabled flows of the world’s poor into internationallabour migration systems, often mediated by a migration industry that profits fromproviding services to employers and migrants. Based on ethnographic case studies in Mexico,participant observation in Ontario, and interviews with migrant workers and their families,farmers, government representatives and other intermediaries, this paper examines the extentto which a migration industry has formed around the Mexican-Canadian Seasonal AgriculturalWorker Program.FrenchLes «travailleurs migrants » sont devenus une source importante de main d’oeuvre dansl’économie globale, et pas seulement pour les employeurs et les gouvernements. Les accordsmultilatéraux, la libéralisation des échanges, et les progrès accomplis dans les sphères dela communication et des transports on rendu possible l’épanchement des pauvres du mondeentier dans les systèmes internationaux de migration de main d’oeuvre, souvent négocié parune industrie de migration qui profite d’offrir des services auprès des employeurs et des migrants.Basé sur une étude de cas ethnographique au Mexique, une observation participanteen Ontario, et des entrevues de travailleurs migrants et de leurs familles, d’agriculteurs, dereprésentants gouvernementaux et d’autres intermédiaires, cet article examine l’étendue del’industrie de migration qui s’est formée autour du Programme des travailleurs agricolessaisonniers mexico-canadien.

  4. Issues of geothermal and biomass energy efficiency in agriculture, industry, transports and domestic consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Increasing energy efficiency should be a concern for both the firm managers and any leader at any level, given that energy efficiency significantly reduce production costs. An important aspect of this is the use of renewable energy sources, in different types of activities, depending on the possibilities to produce it on favorable terms, to supply at relatively low costs and to efficiently consume it both in the producing units and the households. A skilful and powerful leader will seek and support, through its influence, all the means that determine the reduction of the production costs and obtain a profit as high as possible. Wider use of renewable energy promotes concern for the environment through clean energy, for reducing pollution and for facilitate, in some cases, even the increase of the production with the same costs or lower costs. In agriculture, industry, transports and household consumption, a high importance presents the geothermal energy and the biomass as source of energy.

  5. Industry and agriculture: Elements of the economic profile of Kladovo municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miletić Radmila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of spatial differentiation of the natural and socio-economic factors of development, we have seen the structural characteristics of the local industry and local agriculture, as two elements of the economy of Kladovo municipality, and the importance and role of these two elements in the spatial structure of the municipality. Particular attention was devoted in the course of this research, to the possibilities of intensifying the development of the less developed parts of the area. Activation of developmental potentials is directed towards a demographic revitalization and towards the establishment of a stable and progressive social-economic-ecological area, with an identity recognizable in the region. In that sense, we examine the inter-dependence of potentials limitations and risks for a more rapid future development of the municipality of Kladovo.

  6. Agriculture-industrial residues x natural gas. An economic of energy analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avellar, L.H.N. [Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia Mecanica, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil); Carrocci, L.R.; Silveira, J.L.; Oliva, V.J. [Universidade Estadul Paulista, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratingueta

    1999-07-01

    In this paper are presented following, as it's main objective, an economic analysis between biogas coming from agriculture-industrial-residues and natural gas. Above all, also make part of this work, illustrating figures of the most used types of biodigestors in Brazil and all of world, and briefly descriptions of the most used control and reduction technologies of the pollutants emissions from the combustion process through in the atmosphere. Must emphasise, above technical-scientific importance of this work, it's social -economic part at the poignant of the residues seizing with considerable calorific power for the energy generation, thereby promoting the ambiental pollution retrenchment (also detach here), looking for, in a coming future, the sustainable development at all of it completeness.

  7. Chemical Compounds Toxic to Invertebrates Isolated from Marine Cyanobacteria of Potential Relevance to the Agricultural Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magbubah Essack

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In spite of advances in invertebrate pest management, the agricultural industry is suffering from impeded pest control exacerbated by global climate changes that have altered rain patterns to favour opportunistic breeding. Thus, novel naturally derived chemical compounds toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates are of interest, as potential pesticides. In this regard, marine cyanobacterium-derived metabolites that are toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates continue to be a promising, but neglected, source of potential pesticides. A PubMed query combined with hand-curation of the information from retrieved articles allowed for the identification of 36 cyanobacteria-derived chemical compounds experimentally confirmed as being toxic to invertebrates. These compounds are discussed in this review.

  8. Chemical Compounds Toxic to Invertebrates Isolated from Marine Cyanobacteria of Potential Relevance to the Agricultural Industry

    KAUST Repository

    Essack, Magbubah

    2014-10-29

    In spite of advances in invertebrate pest management, the agricultural industry is suffering from impeded pest control exacerbated by global climate changes that have altered rain patterns to favour opportunistic breeding. Thus, novel naturally derived chemical compounds toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates are of interest, as potential pesticides. In this regard, marine cyanobacterium-derived metabolites that are toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates continue to be a promising, but neglected, source of potential pesticides. A PubMed query combined with hand-curation of the information from retrieved articles allowed for the identification of 36 cyanobacteria-derived chemical compounds experimentally confirmed as being toxic to invertebrates. These compounds are discussed in this review.

  9. Research on Modern Agricultural Industrialization and Ecological Circulation Industry%现代农业产业化与生态循环产业研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向斌

    2015-01-01

    Agricultural industrialization combine modern scientific technology,modern business operation and modern man-agement measures.The development of agricultural industrialization depends on supporting conditions such as scientific technolo-gy macro environment,industrial system,industrialization operation and brand strategy.The development of modern agricultural industrialization must attach importance to the advantages of ecological circulation industry.%农业产业化,它集合了现代科学技术、现代经营方式以及现代管理手段于一体.农业产业化发展离不开科学技术宏观环境、产业体系、产业化经营、品牌战略等支撑条件.现代农业产业化的发展,必须重视生态循环产业的优势,以生态循环产业发展促进农业产业化的发展.

  10. Land Conservation in an Evolving Agricultural Industry: Trade-offs to Consider

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, J. S.; Murray, B. C.; McCarl, B. A.; Jackson, R. B.

    2008-12-01

    This study analyzes the interactions of land conservation policy with biofuel expansion using an economic model of the U.S. forest and agricultural sectors. The world agricultural industry is changing rapidly under emerging market and policy-based pressures. An important driver in the U.S. is the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS), which mandates significant expansion in biofuels production (up to 36 billion gallons/year by 2022). Traditional land conservation practices such as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) are at risk in this changing agricultural climate, as the opportunity costs of reverting to cropland continue to rise. Large- scale reversion of CRP acreage is likely to lead to substantial losses in soil carbon, biodiversity, soil erosion protection, and water quality. However, given the increased competition for land resources, continued efforts to maintain the CRP could induce land use change (LUC) and agricultural development from even more sensitive ecosystems, including native grasslands and forests. This study uses economic modeling to study CRP reversion and LUC under multiple scenarios, including: 1) Baseline assumptions of growth in world agricultural demand and energy prices, with and without CRP reversion; 2) Implementation of the RFS while maintaining the CRP; and 3) RFS with CRP reversion allowed. The study is done using the FASOMGHG model (Lee, McCarl et al, 2008), which is well suited for this analysis as it: 1) Depicts land use competition between crops, pasture, CRP, and forestry over a 100 year period 2) Contains comprehensive GHG accounting across the sectors, 3) Allows land in the CRP to revert to cultivation at an economically optimal rate as land values increase, and 4) Extensively models biofuel and conventional agricultural production possibilities. Results generated to date show significant reversion to cultivation, even under the baseline (36% of the total CRP stock by 2020). Implementing the RFS further pressures conservation

  11. Application of food industry waste to agricultural soils mitigates green house gas emissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, M T; Voroney, R P; Khalid, M

    2010-01-01

    Application of organic waste materials such as food processing and serving industry cooking oil waste (OFW) can recycle soil nitrate nitrogen (NO(3)-N), which is otherwise prone to leaching after the harvest of crop. Nitrogen (N) recycling will not only reduce the amount of N fertilizer application for corn crop production but is also expected to mitigate green house gas (GHG) emissions by saving energy to be used for the production of the same amount of industrial fertilizer N required for the growth of corn crop. Application of OFW at 10Mg solid ha(-1)y(-1) conserved 68 kg N ha(-1)y(-1) which ultimately saved 134 L diesel ha(-1)y(-1), which would otherwise be used for the production of fertilizer N as urea. Average fossil energy substitution value (FESV) of N conserved/recycled was calculated to be 93 US$ ha(-1)y(-1), which is about 13 million US$y(-1). Potential amount of GHG mitigation through the application of OFW to agricultural soils in Canada is estimated to be 57 Gg CO(2)Eq y(-1).

  12. Countermeasures for Stressing Industry but Disregarding Agriculture in Resource-based Counties: A Case Study of Fugu County in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shaowen; ZHAN; Jing; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    Industry re-feeding agriculture is an important strategy to boost agricultural modernization[1]. As to resource-based regions, the key thing is the way to implement the strategy of resource-based industry re-feeding agriculture. In fact, as a typical resource-based county, Fugu County realizes its quick economic development mainly depending on the local resources and industrial development. And the agricultural development is relatively lagging in the county, more people are beginning to denote themselves to industrial development due to high return brought by resource exploitation, which results that the contradiction between industry and agriculture is gradually prominent in the county. Therefore, it is necessary to seek for a new way to develop industry and agriculture in resource-based counties. This article mainly introduces the mode and method of "industry re-feeding agriculture" in Fugu County, analyzes and summarizes the implementation effects and achievements of modes as well as discusses the problems produced in the course of policy implementation and tries to find countermeasures to coordinate the contradiction between industry and agriculture, then further discuss the development perspective of industry and agriculture in Fugu County.

  13. Investigating Effect of Development of Agricutural, Industrial, Service and Oil Revenue to ICOR ofAgricultural Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakiyeh Sadeghi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, considering the importance of incremental capital output ratio (ICOR in agriculture Investment capital and self-sufficiency in this sector in order to grow and being influenced by the past and previous relationships strong agricultural sector productivity growth in other sectors of the economy, especially the effect of oil revenues, was trying to, long-term relationships as well as their adjustment process described by the Autoregressive-Distributed Lag model (ARDL to investigate.The results also confirm the long-run relationship between the variables of the model show that oil revenues in appropriate path to growth agricultural productivity have beentoo much attention to the industry and imports of agricultural products decreased investment in agricultural productivity. However, the service sector growth by improving marketing activities and financing farmers to improve venture capital productivity in the agricultural sector operates. In the long run, adjusting the intersection, the model indicates improved productivity in the agricultural sector is of capital. Shown the necessary support to the agricultural sector in the short term.

  14. Analysis of the Development in Agricultural Machinery Industry%农业机械产业发展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳

    2014-01-01

    近年来,我国农业生产步入了以机械化生产方式为主导的新时代,农业机械产业得到稳步、快速发展。概述我国农业机械化发展情况,分析我国农机产业发展的特点、优势及研究方向,为促进我国农机产业的发展壮大提供参考。%In recent years, the agricultural production of our country has entered a new era with the mechanized production mode as the leading player, and agricultural machinery industry has seen rapid development. This paper provides an overview of the development of China's agricultural mechanization, analyses the characteristics, advantages and research focus in the development of China's agricultural machinery industry hoping to provide a reference for promoting the development of China's agricultural machinery industry.

  15. A Novel Framework for Adaptation in Agriculture: Lessons Learned from California's Wine Industry (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, K. A.

    2010-12-01

    While crop yields are threatened by climate change, the management decisions of growers, including their practices to modify the microclimate experienced by the crop, can partially or even completely offset these damages. However, there have been few evaluations of adaptation on the farm scale, where managers are on the front lines of responding to global change. I will present a framework for classifying potential adaptations based on their temporal and spatial scale, their ease of implementation, and their effectiveness in altering or maintaining crop production. Applying this framework to the winegrowing industry in California, it appears that many strategies suggested in the literature for adaptation will either be of limited effectiveness, likely to be cost-prohibitive, or are not compatible with the current values of growers. However, interviews with and observations of winegrowers reveal that novel adaptations, not widely discussed in the literature, are already being employed, often by individuals in an experimental capacity and without community coordination. For example, in addition to irrigation, water is used to modify the vine microclimate for both heating (frost protection) and evaporative cooling. An analysis of responses to past environmental stresses in the wine industry revealed that growers tended to respond to stresses individually rather than collectively, except for severe, novel pests and diseases. Responses may be reactive or proactive; most proactive strategies have been short-term, in response to imminent stress. Growers tend to rely on their own experience to guide their management decisions, which may offer poor guidance under novel climate regimes. These findings highlight some of the difficulties expected in adapting to global change, as well as areas for strategic investments to enhance agricultural resilience to climate change. In particular, strategies to enhance the potential for effective proactive, collective responses could

  16. The Agricultural-Industrial Partnership for EliminatingMicronutrient Malnutrition: The Investment Bargain of the Decade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The limitations of conventional approaches to eliminatingmicronutrient deficiencies drives the search for a sustainable paradigm. This manuscript argues that the public and private sectors must embark on modernization of the Asian food industry and reorientation of the international agricultural research complex so that nutritionally enriched essential foods will be affordable and accessible to the poor. It is recommended that this partnership take special care of the needs of Asian children. The costs of chronic undernutrition, availability of cost-effective strategies, and benefits of sustained nutrition improvement to individuals, families and nations are reviewed. The roles of food fortification, plant breeding and biotechnology, both actual and imminent, are described. The paper concludes that a recast Green Revolution directed to dietary quality may be the key to enhancing the learning and earning capacity of young Asians of the new millenium.“No other technology offers as large and opportunity to improve lives...at such a low cost and in such a short time.."world Bank[1

  17. Homogeneity check of agricultural and food industries samples using near infrared spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafargue, Marie E; Feinberg, Max H; Daudin, Jean-Jacques; Rutledge, Douglas N

    2003-02-01

    Samples distributed in proficiency testing schemes (PTS) need to be homogeneous in order to be sure that if a laboratory has a result different from the other laboratories, its error can be attributed to its analysis method and not to its sample. This control must be done according to the ISO 13528 draft standard before sending the samples to the laboratories. It can be done by determining homogeneity targets by sub-contracting to accredited laboratories using reference methods, but this engenders logistic and financial problems. That is why a homogeneity check using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) has been developed for agricultural and food industries samples prepared for PTS at Bipea (Bureau Interprofessionnel d'Etudes Analytiques). To evaluate the homogeneity among samples, this procedure involves a comparison of NIR spectra, the determination of global homogeneity criteria and the use of control charts. The method of control developed and carried out at Bipea allows the rapid and easy monitoring of the performance of the sample preparation.

  18. Agricultural waste from the tequila industry as substrate for the production of commercially important enzymes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huitron, C; Perez, R; Sanchez, A E; Lappe, P; Rocha Zavaleta, L

    2008-01-01

    Approximately 1 million tons of Agave tequilana plants are processed annually by the Mexican Tequila industry generating vast amounts of agricultural waste. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential use of Agave tequilana waste as substrate for the production of commercially important enzymes. Two strains of Aspergillus niger (CH-A-2010 and CH-A-2016), isolated from agave fields, were found to grow and propagate in submerged cultures using Agave tequilana waste as substrate. Isolates showed simultaneous extracellular inulinase, xylanase, pectinase, and cellulase activities. Aspergillus CH-A-2010 showed the highest production of inulinase activity (1.48 U/ml), whereas Aspergillus niger CH-A-2016 produced the highest xylanase (1.52 U/ml) and endo-pectinase (2.7U/ml) activities. In both cases production of enzyme activities was significantly higher on Agave tequilana waste than that observed on lemon peel and specific polymeric carbohydrates. Enzymatic hydrolysis of raw A. tequilana stems and leaves, by enzymes secreted by the isolates yielded maximum concentrations of reducing sugars of 28.2 g/l, and 9.9 g/l respectively. In conclusion, Agave tequilana waste can be utilized as substrate for the production of important biotechnological enzymes.

  19. Assessing the Animal Science Technical Skills Needed by Secondary Agricultural Education Graduates for Employment in the Animal Industries: A Modified Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slusher, Wendy L.; Robinson, J. Shane; Edwards, M. Craig

    2011-01-01

    Career and technical education courses, such as agricultural education, exist, in part, to assist students in acquiring the competencies needed to achieve employability. However, whether the current secondary agricultural education curriculum meets the needs of industry leaders who employ high school graduates of agricultural education programs is…

  20. Cyclope 2003: the world markets: raw materials, currencies, services, agriculture, energy, finance, industry; Cyclope 2003: les marches mondiaux: matieres premieres, monnaies, services, agriculture, energie, finance, industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalmin, Ph.

    2003-07-01

    The Cyclope book is a collective annual publication made by an international team of economists, journalists and specialists of geopolitics. The 2003 issue analyzes the consequences of the war in Iraq on the energy markets and on the international negotiations of the world trade organization (WTO) which took place at Cancun in September 2003. It analyses also the growth of the Chinese markets, the sustainable development concept in vogue, the Johannesburg conference and the reform of the common agricultural policy. (J.S.)

  1. Background information for the SER Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth calculations. Sectors Industry, Agriculture and Horticulture; Achtergronddocument bij doorrekening Energieakkoord. Sectoren industrie en land- en tuinbouw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wetzels, W. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2013-09-01

    On September 4, 2013, representatives of employers' associations, trade union federations, environmental organizations, the Dutch government and civil society have signed an Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. ECN and PBL have been asked to evaluate this agreement. This report gives background information on the evaluation of the measures aimed at improving energy efficiency in industry and agriculture [Dutch] Op 4 september 2013 is het 'Energieakkoord voor duurzame groei' getekend. ECN en PBL zijn gevraagd het akkoord te beoordelen en door te rekenen. Dit rapport dient als achtergronddocument bij de doorrekening van de maatregelen gericht op energiebesparing in de industrie en land- en tuinbouw.

  2. Applying Adaptive Agricultural Management & Industrial Ecology Principles to Produce Lower- Carbon Ethanol from California Energy Beets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexiades, Anthy Maria

    The life cycle assessment of a proposed beet-to-ethanol pathway demonstrates how agricultural management and industrial ecology principles can be applied to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, minimize agrochemical inputs and waste, provide ecosystem services and yield a lower-carbon fuel from a highly land-use efficient, first-generation feedstock cultivated in California. Beets grown in California have unique potential as a biofuel feedstock. A mature agricultural product with well-developed supply chains, beet-sugar production in California has contracted over recent decades, leaving idle production capacity and forcing growers to seek other crops for use in rotation or find a new market for beets. California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) faces risk of steeply-rising compliance costs, as greenhouse gas reduction targets in the transportation sector were established assuming commercial volumes of lower-carbon fuels from second-generation feedstocks -- such as residues, waste, algae and cellulosic crops -- would be available by 2020. The expected shortfall of cellulosic ethanol has created an immediate need to develop lower-carbon fuels from readily available feedstocks using conventional conversion technologies. The life cycle carbon intensity of this ethanol pathway is less than 28 gCO2e/MJEthanol: a 72% reduction compared to gasoline and 19% lower than the most efficient corn ethanol pathway (34 gCO2e/MJ not including indirect land use change) approved under LCFS. The system relies primarily on waste-to-energy resources; nearly 18 gCO2e/MJ are avoided by using renewable heat and power generated from anaerobic digestion of fermentation stillage and gasification of orchard residues to meet 88% of the facility's steam demand. Co-products displace 2 gCO2e/MJ. Beet cultivation is the largest source of emissions, contributing 15 gCO 2e/MJ. The goal of the study is to explore opportunities to minimize carbon intensity of beet-ethanol and investigate the potential

  3. A Review of Wireless Sensor Technologies and Applications in Agriculture and Food Industry: State of the Art and Current Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacio Robla

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present paper is to review the technical and scientific state of the art of wireless sensor technologies and standards for wireless communications in the Agri-Food sector. These technologies are very promising in several fields such as environmental monitoring, precision agriculture, cold chain control or traceability. The paper focuses on WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks and RFID (Radio Frequency Identification, presenting the different systems available, recent developments and examples of applications, including ZigBee based WSN and passive, semi-passive and active RFID. Future trends of wireless communications in agriculture and food industry are also discussed.

  4. Discussion on the Theory of Agricultural Industrialization%农业产业化的理论依据探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于冷; 马成林

    2001-01-01

    在对当前有关农业产业化理论的文献分析和对农业产业化实践进行深入调查的基础上,以“西方产业组织理论”和“交易费用理论”为出发点,研究农业产业链的形成机制、成长途经及其在市场上与产业内同类企业间的关系,旨在寻找指导我国农业产业化发展的理论依据。图1,参12。%Based on the analysis of current theories and development of agricultural Industrialization, this paper introduces the theory of Industrial Organization Economics to study agricultural Industrialization, in order to find the possible theory of agricultural Industrialization.

  5. La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumpton, F A

    1999-03-30

    For nearly 200 years since their discovery in 1756, geologists considered the zeolite minerals to occur as fairly large crystals in the vugs and cavities of basalts and other traprock formations. Here, they were prized by mineral collectors, but their small abundance and polymineralic nature defied commercial exploitation. As the synthetic zeolite (molecular sieve) business began to take hold in the late 1950s, huge beds of zeolite-rich sediments, formed by the alteration of volcanic ash (glass) in lake and marine waters, were discovered in the western United States and elsewhere in the world. These beds were found to contain as much as 95% of a single zeolite; they were generally flat-lying and easily mined by surface methods. The properties of these low-cost natural materials mimicked those of many of their synthetic counterparts, and considerable effort has made since that time to develop applications for them based on their unique adsorption, cation-exchange, dehydration-rehydration, and catalytic properties. Natural zeolites (i.e., those found in volcanogenic sedimentary rocks) have been and are being used as building stone, as lightweight aggregate and pozzolans in cements and concretes, as filler in paper, in the take-up of Cs and Sr from nuclear waste and fallout, as soil amendments in agronomy and horticulture, in the removal of ammonia from municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste and drinking waters, as energy exchangers in solar refrigerators, as dietary supplements in animal diets, as consumer deodorizers, in pet litters, in taking up ammonia from animal manures, and as ammonia filters in kidney-dialysis units. From their use in construction during Roman times, to their role as hydroponic (zeoponic) substrate for growing plants on space missions, to their recent success in the healing of cuts and wounds, natural zeolites are now considered to be full-fledged mineral commodities, the use of which promise to expand even more in the future.

  6. Research on the Impact of Land Transfer on County Agricultural Industrialized Development——A Case Study of Dali County,Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the strength of the status quo of Chinese land transfer,the changes of the county agricultural production factor market arising from land transfer from four aspects covering land market,agricultural capital market,agricultural labor market and agricultural science and technology.The impacts of land transfer on county agricultural industrialized development are analyzed:in the first place,the large amount of land required by the county agricultural scale production can be effectively supplied;in the second place,a large number of labors required by the county agricultural industrialized production can be effectively fulfilled;in the third place,the innovation of science and technology provides motivation for adjusting the county agricultural industrial structure.On the basis of that,the countermeasures on promoting the county economic development are put forward:firstly,the land transfer market should be standardized to ensure the sustainable and stable development of county agricultural industrialized development;secondly,the commercial value,variations and added value of the county agricultural products should be improved;thirdly,the input on the county agricultural capital should be ensured.

  7. Assessment of the energy requirements and selected options facing major consumers within the Egyptian industrial and agricultural sectors. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-05-31

    The objectives of the energy assessment study of Egypt are to develop an understanding of the current status of the principal energy users in Egypt's industrial and agricultural sectors; to estimate the energy demand and efficiency for each selected subsector within these major sectors; to identify opportunities for fuel type changes, technology switches, or production pattern changes which might increase the efficiency with which Egypt's energy is used both now and in the future: and based on options identified, to forecast energy efficiencies for selected Egyptian subsectors for the years 1985 and 2000. Study results are presented for the iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, chemical, petrochemical, cement, and textile industries and automotive manufacturers. Study results for drainage, irrigation, and mechanization procedures in the agricultural sector and food processing sector are also presented. (MCW)

  8. Integrated Development of China’s Agricultural Labor Market from the Perspective of Convergence of Planting Industry Marginal Labor Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Longhua; YUE; Shiyuan; YANG; Rongtai; SHEN

    2013-01-01

    Using Compilation of National Cost Benefit Data of Agricultural Products in 1990-2009 and based on the convergence of planting industry marginal labor productivity,this paper studies the integration of agricultural labor market in China. Firstly,it calculates labor output elasticity of each province for wheat,japonica rice and corn. Secondly,it builds indicators reflecting change level of marginal labor productivity. Researches show that in 1990-2000,the difference level of marginal labor productivity expands. From 2000,it starts to fall and becomes more and more stable. However,due to difference of crops and farming custom,the turning point of marginal labor productivity is not consistent with each other. Even so,it is still possible to reach the conclusion that agricultural labor market is gradually integrated from 2000.

  9. Optimum use of water for industry and agriculture dependent on direct abstraction - best practice manual. 

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.  Background: The Water Resources Act 1991 and its preceding legislation provides the Environment Agency with the means to manage water resources through the licensing of abstractions. Detailed demand forecasting techniques are available to EA staff when assessing the need for Public Water Supply applications, but there is currently little guidance concerning the water needs of industry and agriculture. This report provides information on the optimum water ...

  10. Process heat in California: Applications and potential for solar energy in the industrial, agricultural and commercial sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, R. H.; Bartera, R. E.; Davis, E. S.; Hlavka, G. E.; Pivirotto, D. S.; Yanow, G.

    1978-01-01

    A summary of the results of a survey of potential applications of solar energy for supplying process heat requirements in the industrial, agricultural, and commercial sectors of California is presented. Technical, economic, and institutional characteristics of the three sectors are examined. Specific applications for solar energy are then discussed. Finally, implications for California energy policy are discussed along with recommendations for possible actions by the State of California.

  11. Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biscotti, Dina Louise

    Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices

  12. After the "Organic Industrial Complex": An Ontological Expedition through Commercial Organic Agriculture in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Hugh; Rosin, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    This article uses the evolving understandings of commercial organic agriculture within two research programmes in New Zealand to address three problematic claims and associated framings that have underpinned analysis of the political economy of commercial organic agriculture. These three framings are: 1) that recent commercial developments in…

  13. Water in the Mendoza, Argentina, food processing industry: water requirements and reuse potential of industrial effluents in agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Elena Duek

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper estimates the volume of water used by the Mendoza food processing industry considering different water efficiency scenarios. The potential for using food processing industry effluents for irrigation is also assessed. The methodology relies upon information collected from interviews with qualified informants from different organizations and food-processing plants in Mendoza selected from a targeted sample. Scenarios were developed using local and international secondary information sources. The results show that food processing plants in Mendoza use 19.65 hm3 of water per year; efficient water management practices would make it possible to reduce water use by 64%, i.e., to 7.11 hm3. At present, 70% of the water is used by the fruit and vegetable processing industry, 16% by wineries, 8% by mineral water bottling plants, and the remaining 6% by olive oil, beer and soft drink plants. The volume of effluents from the food processing plants in Mendoza has been estimated at 16.27 hm3 per year. Despite the seasonal variations of these effluents, and the high sodium concentration and electrical conductivity of some of them, it is possible to use them for irrigation purposes. However, because of these variables and their environmental impact, land treatment is required.

  14. Developing the organizational-economic relations during agricultural-industrial integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana A. Okladchik

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to substantiate the need for economic integration of agricultural enterprises. Methods abstractlogical monographic. Results economic integration in agriculture is needed due to the destruction of economic relations in the period of economy liberalization and decrease in efficiency and productivity in agriculture. The solution to the problems of financing pricing and marketing of agricultural products lies in the sphere of forming integrative relations between enterprises producing processing and marketing agricultural products. Basing on the analysis of theoretical provisions the main forms of enterprises integration is identified such as contractual relationship without creating new legal entities formation of associations unions holding companies financialindustrial groups. It was found that the most effective are those forms of associations that form a complete closed cycle of production and sales i.e. holdings and financialindustrial groups. Basing on the analysis of the economic integration principles the necessity was determined of implementing the principle of stability of economic relations which will allow to overcome the crisis in the agrarian sector. In addition the author has formulated principles for the implementing the economic mechanism in integrated groups based on equality freedom and integrity of such groups. The key components of economic relations in terms of integration were identified ndash organizational unity of the technological process as well as the transformation of the interests of technologically related actors towards a common result. Scientific novelty the principle of stability of economic links during integration of agricultural enterprises was formulated. The necessity was proved of integrating the enterprises providing comparable levels of capacity utilization and the possibility of complete product sales as well as the necessity of forming integration relations as a single object of ownership

  15. The Two Cultures of Science:Implications for University-Industry Relationships in the U.S. Agriculture Biotechnology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    William B. Lacy; Leland L. Glenna; Dina Biscotti; Rick Welsh; Kate Clancy

    2014-01-01

    Partnerships between U.S. universities and industries have existed for several decades and in recent years have become generally more varied, wider in scope, more aggressive and experimental and higher in public visibility. In addition, in the last few decades, public and private interests have advocated for government policies and laws to globally promote the commercialization of university science. This paper examines the persistence or convergence of the two cultures of science and the implications of this commercialization for university-industry relationships in agriculture biotechnology. The perceptions and values of over 200 U.S. university and industry scientists, managers and administrators who participate in or oversee research collaborations in agricultural biotechnology were analyzed. The ifndings revealed that the participants in these research relationships continue to perceive very distinct cultures of science and identify a wide range of concerns and disadvantages of these partnerships. Several actions were discussed to ensure that the two cultures serve complementary roles and that they maximize the public beneifts from these increasing collaborations.

  16. Adsorption of gold ions from industrial wastewater using activated carbon derived from hard shell of apricot stones - an agricultural waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soleimani, Mansooreh; Kaghazchi, Tahereh

    2008-09-01

    In this study, hard shell of apricot stones was selected from agricultural solid wastes to prepare effective and low cost adsorbent for the gold separation from gold-plating wastewater. Different adsorption parameters like adsorbent dose, particle size of activated carbon, pH and agitation speed of mixing on the gold adsorption were studied. The results showed that under the optimum operating conditions, more than 98% of gold was adsorbed onto activated carbon after only 3h. The equilibrium adsorption data were well described by the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. Isotherms have been used to obtain thermodynamic parameters. Gold desorption studies were performed with aqueous solution mixture of sodium hydroxide and organic solvents at ambient temperatures. Quantitative recovery of gold ions is possible by this method. As hard shell of apricot stones is a discarded as waste from agricultural and food industries, the prepared activated carbon is expected to be an economical product for gold ion recovery from wastewater.

  17. Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diane E. Hoffmann

    2003-09-12

    On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns have moved from what were often local issues, e.g., the safety of laboratories where scientists conducted recombinant DNA research on transgenic microbes, animals and crops, to more global issues. These newer issues include intellectual property, international trade, risks of genetically engineered foods and microbes, bioterrorism, and marketing and labeling of new products sold worldwide. The fast paced nature of the biotechnology industry and its new developments often mean that legislators, regulators and society, in general, must play ''catch up'' in their efforts to understand the issues, the risks, and even the benefits, that may result from the industry's new ways of conducting research, new products, and novel methods of product marketing and distribution. The goal of the roundtable was to develop a short list of the most significant public policy and ethical issues that will emerge as a result of advances in these sectors of the biotechnology industry over the next five to six years. More concretely, by ''most significant'' the conveners meant the types of issues that would come to the attention of members of Congress or state legislators during this time frame and for which they would be better prepared if they had well researched and timely background information. A concomitant goal was to provide a set of focused issues for academic debate and scholarship so that policy makers, industry leaders and regulators would have the intellectual resources they need to better understand the issues and concerns at stake. The

  18. 以生态农业为导向的农业产业化发展模式检视%Reflections on the Ecological Agriculture-oriented Agricultural Industrialization Model of Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张茂林

    2014-01-01

    生态农业建设是我国新型城镇化建设的物质基础,农业产业化则是经营这一物质基础的现代化手段。传统农业产业化模式与生态农业存在天然的对抗性,主要表现在:生态农业对规模农业的排斥;农业产业化对我国传统生态农业体系的破坏;当前农产品需求的严峻挑战和农民增收的压力。同时,农业资源的现状限制了农业产业化经营要求的高度机械化、专业化。要解决这一系列矛盾,就要重视农业产业化与生态农业的关系,着力发掘传统生态农业生产方式的潜力,重视农民增收,在基本农产品供销上进一步削弱市场的作用。%Ecological agriculture construction is the material foundation of the new-pattern urbanization construction in China, and agricultural industrialization is a modern method to run this material basis. However, traditional agricultural industrialization pattern and ecological agriculture are opposite to each other, Which is mainly manifested in the repellence of ecological agriculture to scale farming, the destruction of agricultural industrialization to the traditional ecological agriculture system, the grave challenges posed by the current demand of agricultural products and the pressure in increasing farmers’ income. Meanwhile, the current situation of agricultural resources limits the mechanization and specialization required by the agricultural industrialization management. To solve these contradictions, great attentions must be paid to the relationship between ecological agriculture and the agricultural industrialization stages;the potential of traditional ecological agricultural production mode should be explored;more emphases should be placed on increasing farmers’ income;and the market role in the basic agricultural products supply and marketing should be further weakened.

  19. Hands-on Precision Agriculture Data Management Workshops for Producers and Industry Professionals: Development and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luck, Joe D.; Fulton, John P.; Rees, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Three Precision Agriculture Data Management workshops regarding yield monitor data were conducted in 2014, reaching 62 participants. Post-workshop surveys (n = 58) indicated 73% of respondents experienced a moderate to significant increase in knowledge related to yield monitor data usage. Another 72% reported that they planned to utilize best…

  20. A quantification of phosphorus flows in the Netherlands through agricultural production, industrial processing and households

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smit, A.L.; Middelkoop, van J.C.; Dijk, van W.; Reuler, van H.; Buck, de A.J.; Sanden, van de P.A.C.M.

    2010-01-01

    To investigate the possibilities for a more sustainable use of phosphorus it was necessary to have a complete picture of the national phosphorus flows in the Netherlands. In this report a material flow analysis was performed by dividing the national system into a number of subsystems: agricultural s

  1. Sources of heavy metal pollution in agricultural soils of a rapidly industrializing area in the Yangtze Delta of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xianghua; Zhao, Yongcun; Zhao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Yudong; Deng, Wenjing

    2014-10-01

    The rapid industrialization and urbanization in developing countries have increased pollution by heavy metals, which is a concern for human health and the environment. In this study, 230 surface soil samples (0-20cm) were collected from agricultural areas of Jiaxing, a rapidly industrializing area in the Yangtze Delta of China. Sequential Gaussian simulation (SGS) and multivariate factorial kriging analysis (FKA) were used to identify and explore the sources of heavy metal pollution for eight metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cd, Hg and As). Localized hot-spots of pollution were identified for Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni and Cd with area percentages of 0.48 percent, 0.58 percent, 2.84 percent, 2.41 percent, 0.74 percent, and 0.68 percent, respectively. The areas with Hg pollution covered approximately 38 percent whereas no potential pollution risk was found for As. The soil parent material and point sources of pollution had significant influences on Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Cd levels, except for the influence of agricultural management practices also accounted for micro-scale variations (nugget effect) for Cu and Zn pollution. Short-range (4km) diffusion processes had a significant influence on Cu levels, although they did not appear to be the dominant sources of Zn and Cd variation. The short-range diffusion pollution arising from current and historic industrial emissions and urbanization, and long-range (33km) variations in soil parent materials and/or diffusion jointly determined the current concentrations of soil Pb. The sources of Hg pollution risk may be attributed to the atmosphere deposition of industrial emission and historical use of Hg-containing pesticides.

  2. Spatial Distribution of Heavy Metals in Agricultural Soils of an Industry-Based Peri-Urban Area in Wuxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Yan-Feng; SHI Xue-Zheng; HUANG Biao; YU Dong-Sheng; WANG Hong-Jie; SUN Wei-Xia; (O)BOERN; K.BLOMB(A)CK

    2007-01-01

    In industry-oriented peri-urban areas, the heavy metal accumulation in soils caused by industrialization has become a potential threat. The top soil samples from 27 paddy fields and 75 vegetable fields were collected from a typical industrybased peri-urban area of about 8 km2 in Wuxi, China, to study the accumulation and distribution of As, Hg, Cu, Zn,Pb, Cr, and Cd in comparison with heavy metal contents in soils near developed industrial sites (Guangzhou, China;Wallsend Burn of Tyneside, UK; and Osnabrück, Germany). Kriging interpolation was used to determine the metals'spatial distribution. The results showed that most soils, compared to the background values, contained elevated contents of As, Ha, Cu, Zn, and Pb with some having elevated contents of Cd and Cr. Except for less than 10% of the soil samples of Cu, Zn and Cd contents, these heavy metal contents were lower than the soil threshold levels of the Grade Ⅱ criteria for the Chinese environmental quality standard. Probably, because of the scattered distribution and diversity of industries in the study area, spatial distributions of these heavy metals from Kriging interpolation indicated little similarity. Nevertheless,when compared with other areas in the Taihu Lake region, mean contents of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd were relatively high in the Wuxi peri-urban area. Additionally, compared to soils in agricultural areas around Guangzhou, Osnabriick, or Wallsend Burn, contents of most heavy metals in soils from this area were lower.

  3. The Study of Volatility Spillover Effects of The Exchange Rate on Agricultural Industry Index Listed on The Stock Exchange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arash Dourandish

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Financial markets are one of the most crucial markets in every country. Stock exchange market and exchange market are the most sensitive sectors of financial market. These markets are affected by fluctuations and business cycles in the economy and they reflect economic changes to the economy. On the other hand, disturbance in one or both markets cause concerns among policy makers. Dynamic interactions between these two markets encourage policy makers and researchers to carry out some analysis considering more details. In this study, effects of volatility of exchange market and agricultural processing industries stock market on themselves and each other have been investigated by GARCH model. Weekly data between April 2006 and January of 20014 was used. The results show that the past volatility of exchange market affects the current volatility of this market. The past shock in exchange market has effects on the current volatility of this market , the current volatility of food and beverage industries as well as the sugar industry market. Also, the past shock in sugar industries market affects its current volatility and the current volatility of exchange market and food and beverages industries market. Because changes in exchange rate affect revenues and costs of the mentioned industries, preventing the exchange rate market from fluctuations and putting it in stable by making balance between demand and supply, also controlling the central bank and other regulatory agencies will prevent these two markets from fluctuations. It is, therefore, recommended that policy makers impose monetary and financial policies that reduce volatility in capital and exchange markets.

  4. Analysis on the Competition of Agricultural Industrial Clusters%基于GEM模型的湖北省农业产业集群竞争力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白孝忠

    2012-01-01

    农业产业集群的形成是现代农业发展的必然趋势,对农业产业化经营起到重要的推动作用。GEM模型评价的结果显示,湖北省发展农业产业集群具有良好的基础和市场条件,但存在龙头企业规模整体偏小,农业社会化服务供给不足、农产品加工能力弱等问题。基于上述分析,提出了提升湖北省农业产业集群竞争力的政策建议。%Agricultural industrial cluster has become an irresistible trend in the development of modern agriculture and it also gives a boost in the process of agricultural industrial management.The result based on the GEM model shows that Hubei Province has a good foundation and market conditions in developing the agricultural industry cluster,but still encounters some problems such as the small scale formation of the leading enterprises,the insufficient supply of agricultural social service,the weakness in agricultural products processing and so on.Based on the above analysis,policy recommendations in order to enhance the competitiveness of the agricultural industry cluster in Hubei Province are proposed.

  5. EVALUATION OF NUTRITIVE VALUE AND IN VITRO METHANE PRODUCTION OF FEEDSTUFFS FROM AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Santoso

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to evaluate the nutrient degradability, in vitro methane (CH4 production ofseveral agricultural and food industry by-products in relation to their chemical composition. Twenty-onesamples of 7 feedstuffs from agricultural and food industry by-products consisted of corn straw, potatostraw, rice straw, cocoa pod, sago waste, rice bran, soybean curd residue were evaluated by an in vitro gasproduction and nutrient degradability. The feedstuffs varied greatly in their crude protein (CP, neutraldetergent fiber (NDF and non-fiber carbohydrate (NFC contents. Crude protein ranged from 1.5 to 21.8%,NDF from 31.6 to 71.1% and NFC from 1.5 to 50.8%. Among the seven feedstuffs, soybean curd residuehad the highest CP content, on the other hand it had the lowest NDF content. Dry matter (DM and organicmatter (OM degradability were highest (P<0.01 in soybean curd residue among the feedstuffs. The CH4production was significantly higher (P<0.01 in rice straw, cocoa pod and corn straw as compared to sagowaste. There was a strong positive correlation (r = 0.60; P<0.01 between NDF concentration and CH4production. However, the total gas productions was negatively correlated (r = -0.75; P<0.01 with NDFcontent. The CH4 production of feedstuff is influenced by NDF content.

  6. Applications of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in the modelling and design of ventilation systems in the agricultural industry: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Tomás; Sun, Da-Wen; Grant, Jim; Fallon, Richard; Dodd, Vincent

    2007-09-01

    The application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in the agricultural industry is becoming ever more important. Over the years, the versatility, accuracy and user-friendliness offered by CFD has led to its increased take-up by the agricultural engineering community. Now CFD is regularly employed to solve environmental problems of greenhouses and animal production facilities. However, due to a combination of increased computer efficacy and advanced numerical techniques, the realism of these simulations has only been enhanced in recent years. This study provides a state-of-the-art review of CFD, its current applications in the design of ventilation systems for agricultural production systems, and the outstanding challenging issues that confront CFD modellers. The current status of greenhouse CFD modelling was found to be at a higher standard than that of animal housing, owing to the incorporation of user-defined routines that simulate crop biological responses as a function of local environmental conditions. Nevertheless, the most recent animal housing simulations have addressed this issue and in turn have become more physically realistic.

  7. Analysis of the apiclutural industry in relation to geothermal development and agriculture in the Imperial Valley, Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atkins, E.L.

    1979-04-01

    PART I: Continuous exposure to 30 ppB H/sub 2/S increased lifespan of caged worker honey bees, Apis mellifera L., 33%; whereas, bees exposed > 13 days to 100 ppB and 300 ppB H/sub 2/S the lifespan was shortened 32% and 51%, respectively, over unexposed bees; bees exposed > 15 days to a combination of 300 ppB H/sub 2/S + 50 ppM CO/sub 2/ the lifespan was shortened 4.4% more that 300 ppB H/sub 2/S alone. The mean temperature and/or relative humidity did not exert a direct effect on the hazard to bees. A continuous exposure to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ was detrimental to caged worker honey bees; and, a mean temperature of 27.2/sup 0/C was 75.7% more toxic than the same dosage at 16.7/sup 0/C. Worker bee lifespans exposed to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ at 16.7/sup 0/C were shortened 13.5% and 79%, respectively, compared to unexposed bees. Therefore, both dosage and temperature exert direct effects on the hazards to bees. PART II: The status of the apicultural industry in Imperial County, California, was outlined giving a short characterization of the area in relation to the apicultural industry. Agriculture utilizes 500,000 intensely farmed acres which generated a 11-year average income of $370 million. Over 40 agricultural commodities are produced. The apicultural industry is intimately involved in 25% of the total gross agricultural income. In addition, most of the flora growing in the desert community which comprises the remainder of the county are very important to honey bees by providing sustaining nectar and/or pollen for brood rearing. The bee foraged flora provides substantial bee forage when colonies are located outside of the agriculutral area. It is concluded that geothermal resource development in the Imperial Valley is contemplated to have minimal effects on the apicultural industry.

  8. The U.S. Soybean Industry. Agricultural Economic Report Number 588.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaub, James; And Others

    This report describes the U.S. soybean industry from producers to consumers and provides a single source of economic and statistical information on soybeans. Highlights are as follows: U.S. soybean production has increased sevenfold since 1950, making soybeans the second highest valued crop after corn. Soybean production has risen in response to…

  9. Teaching Reforms and Practices of General Chemistry in Agricultural Universities%Guangzhou Chemical Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁厚群; 胡春燕; 李艳霞; 孙婷婷; 王义华

    2016-01-01

    General Chemistry is an important public basic course in agriculture, forestry, animal science, bioengineering, food engineering, environment engineering majors, etc, in agricultural universities. The main problems during teaching course were analyzed, and according to the curriculum characteristics and the teaching objectives, the teaching contents, patternsand methods were reformedand implemented. The students were found to be more interested in General Chemistry,and their practical handing capabilities were cultivated. The teaching qualityand teaching effect were obviously improved.%《普通化学》是面向高等农业院校农学、林学、动科、生工、食品、环工等专业的一门重要公共基础课。课程组分析课程存在的主要问题,结合本课程特点和教学目标,在教学内容、教学模式、教学方法等方面进行了教学改革与实践。通过这几年的教学改革与实践,不仅学生的学习兴趣和动手实践能力有了很大的进步,教学质量和教学效果也有了明显的提高。

  10. First biomass conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings, Volume 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    This conference was designed to provide a national and international forum to support the development of a viable biomass industry. Although papers on research activities and technologies under development that address industry problems comprised part of this conference, an effort was made to focus on scale-up and demonstration projects, technology transfer to end users, and commercial applications of biomass and wastes. The conference was divided into these major subject areas: Resource Base, Power Production, Transportation Fuels, Chemicals and Products, Environmental Issues, Commercializing Biomass Projects, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. The papers in this third volume deal with Environmental Issues, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. Concerning Environmental Issues, the following topics are emphasized: Global Climate Change, Biomass Utilization, Biofuel Test Procedures, and Commercialization of Biomass Products. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  11. First Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings, Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    This conference was designed to provide a national and international forum to support the development of a viable biomass industry. Although papers on research activities and technologies under development that address industry problems comprised part of this conference, an effort was made to focus on scale-up and demonstration projects, technology transfer to end users, and commercial applications of biomass and wastes. The conference was divided into these major subject areas: Resource Base, Power Production, Transportation Fuels, Chemicals and Products, Environmental Issues, Commercializing Biomass Projects, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. The papers in this second volume cover Transportation Fuels, and Chemicals and Products. Transportation Fuels topics include: Biodiesel, Pyrolytic Liquids, Ethanol, Methanol and Ethers, and Commercialization. The Chemicals and Products section includes specific topics in: Research, Technology Transfer, and Commercial Systems. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  12. Entry-Level Technical Skills that Agricultural Industry Experts Expected Students to Learn through Their Supervised Agricultural Experiences: A Modified Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Jon W.; Edwards, M. Craig

    2011-01-01

    The National Research Council's (NRC) Report (1988), Understanding Agriculture: New Directions for Education, called on secondary agricultural education to shift its scope and purpose, including students' supervised agricultural experiences (SAEs). The NRC asserted that this shift should create opportunities for students to acquire supervised…

  13. Energy conservation and alternative energies in agriculture and in food industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1984-01-01

    Food industry is an important thermal energy consumer, mostly in drying processes. This convention investigates many possibilities of energy savings by thermal insulation, heat recovery, mechanical vapor recompression, heat pump utilization, thermal regulation and energy conservation by waste processing: waste biomass conversion (biochemical and thermochemical processes), waste matter combustion for heat production. This book also illustrates some examples of rationalized food processes such as inverse osmosis milk concentration etc....

  14. NEW APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF A REGION

    OpenAIRE

    Tatyana B. Malkova; Lyubov A. Ipateva

    2013-01-01

    In the given project defining conditions of successful introduction of new approaches to management of innovative development of agrarian and industrial complex of regions are analysed. It is shown that it is expedient to carry out their introduction through formation of regional corporate structures. For this purpose it is necessary to create the corresponding conditions through interaction of the state structures, the regional government, commercial and insurance institutes, the scientific ...

  15. Prospects for integrating utility-scale solar photovoltaics and industrial agriculture in the U.S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlin, K.; Anderegg, W.; Hernandez, R. R.; Hiza, N.; Johnson, J. E.; Maltais-landry, G.; Wolf, A.; Zimmerman, N. B.

    2011-12-01

    One of the key challenges to many alternative energy options is land use competition, such as conflict with food production (e.g., corn or sugar cane ethanol) or natural resource protection (e.g., solar panels in desert habitat). Wind power has largely avoided these conflicts by leasing land from farmers and maintaining a small footprint on the landscape. Here, we ask whether similar opportunities exist for solar photovoltaics in agricultural settings. Our test case consists of a soybean field in Ames, Iowa (USA), with south-facing solar panels in rows spaced 16 m apart (~3 times further than typical), a center pole height of 3 m (3 times higher than in a typical ground-mounted system), and a fixed tilt of 25 degrees. Using a geometric shade model coupled to a common crop model (DSSAT) and driven by 14 years of weather data, we find that the average annual soybean yield is not significantly reduced (< 3% or < 0.1 t ha-1 yr-1) by the shade cast by the solar panels. Furthermore, shading appears to slightly improve yields during dry years. These results are consistent across five soybean cultivars spanning the three maturity groups commonly grown in Iowa, suggesting that incorporation of solar photovoltaics into agricultural fields may provide renewable energy with little or no reduction in yields. Using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) System Advisor Model and assuming 18 to 20% efficient panels, we estimate that this configuration at this location will produce 295 MWh ha-1 in the first year of operation. With this configuration the United States' current (2007) electricity production could be met by incorporating photovoltaic panels into as little as 11% of currently cropped land. We are currently developing an independent model that will complement our DSSAT analyses by simulating the effects of solar photovoltaics on available light, albedo and temperature on a range of different crops. We also review some of the major challenges to and potential

  16. NEW APPROACHES TO MANAGEMENT OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX OF A REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana B. Malkova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the given project defining conditions of successful introduction of new approaches to management of innovative development of agrarian and industrial complex of regions are analysed. It is shown that it is expedient to carry out their introduction through formation of regional corporate structures. For this purpose it is necessary to create the corresponding conditions through interaction of the state structures, the regional government, commercial and insurance institutes, the scientific organizations and producers when at the initial stage the defining role is played by the state.

  17. Programmatic environmental assessment of the DOE Solar Agricultural and Industrial Process Heat Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-01

    The program's potential environmental impacts are evaluated to ensure that environmental issues are considered at the earliest meaningful point in the decision-making process. The existing environment is studied for the following: grain drying; crop drying; livestock shelter heating; food processing; textile products; lumber and wood products; paper products; chemicals; petroleum refining; stone, clay, and glass products; and primary metals industries. Environmental impacts of the proposed action on the following are studied: air quality, water quality, ecosystems, health and safety, land use, esthetics, and social and institutional impacts. (MHR)

  18. Removal of phenol from aqueous solution and resin manufacturing industry wastewater using an agricultural waste: rubber seed coat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rengaraj, S; Moon, Seung-Hyeon; Sivabalan, R; Arabindoo, Banumathi; Murugesan, V

    2002-01-28

    Activated carbon prepared from rubber seed coat (RSCC), an agricultural waste by-product, has been used for the adsorption of phenol from aqueous solution. In this work, adsorption of phenol on rubber seed coat activated carbon has been studied by using batch and column studies. The equilibrium adsorption level was determined to be a function of the solution pH, adsorbent dosage and contact time. The equilibrium adsorption capacity of rubber seed coat activated carbon for phenol removal was obtained by using linear Freundlich isotherm. The adsorption of phenol on rubber seed coat activated carbon follows first order reversible kinetics. The suitability of RSCC for treating phenol based resin manufacturing industry wastewater was also tested. A comparative study with a commercial activated carbon (CAC) showed that RSCC is 2.25 times more efficient compared to CAC based on column adsorption study for phenolic wastewater treatment.

  19. Russia's transition process in the light of a rising economy: Economic trajectories in Russia's industry and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinrich Hockmann

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Over the recent years Russia has faced an astonishing economic growth, coinciding with the era of Vladimir Putin's presidentship. Accordingly, it is not surprising that commonly these rising economic trajectories are attributed to progress in terms of transition initiated and further triggered by Putin's government. This paper is trying to investigate empirically whether the current growth in Russia tends to be caused mainly by (1 success of transition or just by (2 favourable external circumstances such as rising prices for oil, gas, etc. Thus, analytically, progress in transition has been approximated by efficiency estimates, which are - from a theoretical point of view - expected to be rising in course of transition of a formerly planned economy towards a free market system. In order to capture potentially different trajectories of several sectors and regions industry and agriculture have been considered separately, each at regionally aggregated level over a period of 11 years. In general, little evidence of the anticipated rising trends could be found. Instead, notable ups, downs and divergences among regions and sectors were uncovered. According to this analysis, Russia's current growth rates cannot be attributed to general success of transition. Instead, besides reaping the benefits of favourable external circumstances at world markets, from an empirical point of view, scale effects and slightly rising productivity appear to be the main causes of the recent track record. Moreover, in the industry the trend is also triggered by technological progress, which may indicate the turnaround after a decade of decline and give a reason to believe in an initiation of a long-term growth process. Unfortunately, in agriculture little evidence for such a sustainable growth process was evident so far. In general, the inter-sectoral integration in Russia's economy seems to be still quite low.

  20. [Policy recommendations based on SWOT analysis for agricultural industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials--a case study of uncariae ramulus cum uncis from Jianhe county in Guizhou province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yong; Huo, Ke-Yi; Xiang, Hua

    2013-09-01

    This thesis reviews the historical background of agricultural industrialization, and analyzes the major theories of agricultural industrialization. It also utilizes SWOT analysis method to discuss the industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Jianhe county, and finally it puts forward the recommendations for its further development.

  1. Intergenerational relations in a context of industrial transition: a study of agricultural labor from migrants in Nang Rong, Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piotrowski, Martin

    2008-03-01

    This work investigates intergenerational relations in a rural setting experiencing the transition from rural subsistence to urban industrial economy. Help with harvesting rice from migrant children to their aging parents is used to illustrate changes that occur. The setting is Nang Rong, Thailand, an agricultural region that has experienced social, economic, and demographic transformations in the last three decades. In Nang Rong, out-migrants are young adults. Their parents, who remain in rural villages, are approaching ages where it becomes difficult to do agricultural labor. The migration of young adults contributes to a loss of household labor which puts pressure on households to meet their basic subsistence needs. Rice harvest help from returning or visiting migrants impacts intergenerational relations between adult children and parents. Results show that migrants are more likely to help with the rice harvest if their origin household owns securely titled land, and if the migrant has lower human capital achievements. Parents may use land as a strategic bequest to elicit support, which is consistent with an intergenerational bargaining perspective.

  2. Cellulose nanocrystals in nanocomposite approach: Green and high-performance materials for industrial, biomedical and agricultural applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortunati, E.; Torre, L.

    2016-05-01

    The need to both avoid wastes and find new renewable resources has led to a new and promising research based on the possibility to revalorize the biomass producing sustainable chemicals and/or materials which may play a major role in replacing systems traditionally obtained from non-renewable sources. Most of the low-value biomass is termed lignocellulosic, referring to its main constituent biopolymers: cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin. In this context, nanocellulose, and in particular cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), have gain considerable attention as nanoreinforcement for polymer matrices, mainly biodegradable. Derived from the most abundant polymeric resource in nature and with inherent biodegradability, nanocellulose is an interesting nanofiller for the development of nanocomposites for industrial, biomedical and agricultural applications. Due to the high amount of hydroxyl groups on their surface, cellulose nanocrystals are easy to functionalize. Well dispersed CNC are able, in fact, to enhance several properties of polymers, i.e.: thermal, mechanical, barrier, surface wettability, controlled of active compound and/or drug release. The main objective here is to give a general overview of CNC applications, summarizing our recent developments of bio-based nanocomposite formulations reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals extracted from different natural sources and/or wastes for food packaging, medical and agricultural sectors.

  3. DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS APPROACH ON THE EFFICIENT USE OF RURAL HUMAN RESOURCES IN AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRY AND CONSTRUCTIONS DURING 2006-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel MIHAI

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper studied the rural human resources efficiency at regional level by using the DEA nonparametric method (Data Envelopment Analysis. The application of this cutting edge method enables the calculation of efficiency scores based on a series of inputs (occupied population in agriculture, industry and construction and outputs (gross value added in agriculture, industry and construction. The data regarding the rural human resources are retrieved from the Amigo data base, the regional GVA from Tempo online data base and the analysis is performed by MAXDATA 6.3 Beta program. The results revealed that the majority of the regions reach performance with the current input structure, with the exception of the North-East and North-West regions which need to reduce the number of workers in agriculture and increase the GVA from industry and constructions to support real economic growth

  4. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  5. Naturally occurring tyrosinase inhibitors: mechanism and applications in skin health, cosmetics and agriculture industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parvez, Shoukat; Kang, Moonkyu; Chung, Hwan-Suck; Bae, Hyunsu

    2007-09-01

    Tyrosinase is a copper-containing enzyme, which is widely distributed in microorganisms, animals and plants and is a key enzyme in melanin biosynthesis, involved in determining the color of mammalian skin and hair. In addition, unfavorable enzymatic browning of plant-derived foods by tyrosinase causes a decrease in nutritional quality and economic loss of food products. The inadequacy of current conventional methods to prevent tyrosinase action encourages researchers to seek new potent tyrosinase inhibitors for food and cosmetics. This article presents a study on the importance of tyrosinase, biochemical characteristics, type of inhibitions, activators from various natural sources with its clinical and industrial importance in recent prospects is discussed in this paper.

  6. 中外农业产业集群研究综述%Review of the Study on Sino-foreign Agricultural Industrial Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕祖华; 王慧

    2012-01-01

    随着农业产业不断表现出来的集群化现象,农业产业集群也越来越受到人们的关注与重视.农业产业集群化发展可以提升区域农业产业竞争力,已成为国内外现代农业发展的重要方向.本文对中外农业产业集群研究背景、形成机制、发展阶段、发展战略模式等方面进行了梳理,为我国农业产业集群发展提供借鉴.%Along with the agricultural industry constantly displaying cluster phenomenon,agricultural industrial cluster has been brought into public focus.It has become the important direction of the modern agricultural development,and has the vital significance to promote the country and regional economic development.Its research background,formation mechanism,developmental stage and development strategy model about sino-foreign agricultural industrial cluster are analyzed and compared,which can provide reference data for the agricultural industrial cluster development strategy of our country.

  7. Agricultural Industry Advanced Vehicle Technology: Benchmark Study for Reduction in Petroleum Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roger Hoy

    2014-09-01

    Diesel use on farms in the United States has remained relatively constant since 1985, decreasing slightly in 2009, which may be attributed to price increases and the economic recession. During this time, the United States’ harvested area also has remained relatively constant at roughly 300 million acres. In 2010, farm diesel use was 5.4% of the total United States diesel use. Crops accounting for an estimated 65% of United States farm diesel use include corn, soybean, wheat, hay, and alfalfa, respectively, based on harvested crop area and a recent analysis of estimated fuel use by crop. Diesel use in these cropping systems primarily is from tillage, harvest, and various other operations (e.g., planting and spraying) (Figure 3). Diesel efficiency is markedly variable due to machinery types, conditions of operation (e.g., soil type and moisture), and operator variability. Farm diesel use per acre has slightly decreased in the last two decades and diesel is now estimated to be less than 5% of farm costs per acre. This report will explore current trends in increasing diesel efficiency in the farm sector. The report combines a survey of industry representatives, a review of literature, and data analysis to identify nascent technologies for increasing diesel efficiency

  8. Vaccination and reduced cohort duration can drive virulence evolution: Marek's disease virus and industrialized agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Katherine E; Read, Andrew F; Savill, Nicholas J; Renz, Katrin G; Islam, A F M Fakhrul; Walkden-Brown, Stephen W; Woolhouse, Mark E J

    2013-03-01

    Marek's disease virus (MDV), a commercially important disease of poultry, has become substantially more virulent over the last 60 years. This evolution was presumably a consequence of changes in virus ecology associated with the intensification of the poultry industry. Here, we assess whether vaccination or reduced host life span could have generated natural selection, which favored more virulent strains. Using previously published experimental data, we estimated viral fitness under a range of cohort durations and vaccine treatments on broiler farms. We found that viral fitness maximized at intermediate virulence, as a result of a trade-off between virulence and transmission previously reported. Our results suggest that vaccination, acting on this trade-off, could have led to the evolution of increased virulence. By keeping the host alive, vaccination prolongs infectious periods of virulent strains. Improvements in host genetics and nutrition, which reduced broiler life spans below 50 days, could have also increased the virulence of the circulating MDV strains because shortened cohort duration reduces the impact of host death on viral fitness. These results illustrate the dramatic impact anthropogenic change can potentially have on pathogen virulence.

  9. Glycolipid biosurfactants: main properties and potential applications in agriculture and food industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnif, Inès; Ghribi, Dhouha

    2016-10-01

    Glycolipids, consisting of a carbohydrate moiety linked to fatty acids, are microbial surface active compounds produced by various microorganisms. They are characterized by high structural diversity and have the ability to decrease the surface and interfacial tension at the surface and interface, respectively. Rhamnolipids, trehalolipids, mannosylerythritol lipids and cellobiose lipids are among the most popular glycolipids. They have received much practical attention as biopesticides for controlling plant diseases and protecting stored products. As a result of their antifungal activity towards phytopathogenic fungi and larvicidal and mosquitocidal potencies, glycolipid biosurfactants permit the preservation of plants and plant crops from pest invasion. Also, as a result of their emulsifying and antibacterial activities, glycolipids have great potential as food additives and food preservatives. Furthermore, the valorization of food byproducts via the production of glycolipid biosurfactant has received much attention because it permits the bioconversion of byproducts on valuable compounds and decreases the cost of production. Generally, the use of glycolipids in many fields requires their retention from fermentation media. Accordingly, different strategies have been developed to extract and purify glycolipids. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  10. Comparison of Ground Water Bacterial Cell Sizes from the Agricultural,Domestic and Industrial Areas of Mysore District,Karnataka State,India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wadie Ahmed Mokbel; Sadanand M Yamakanamardi

    2008-01-01

    A two-year study on temporal variations in the ground water heterotrophic bacterial cell sizes of free living bacteria(FLB)and particle bound bacteria(PBB)from the agricultural,domestic and industrial areas was carried out from Februar y2005 to January 2007.The overall mean cell length of FLB and PBB was similar in all the ground water studied.However,the season wise grouped data revealed significant seasonal changes in cell length of FLB and PBB,as smaller bacteria were noticed during rainy season in the ground water in agricultural area in both the years,and only in the second year of study in domestic and industrial areas.Generally,it was noticed that there were summer maximum and rainy minimum values of the cell length of PBB in the ground water in agricultural,domestic and industrial areas in the second year of study.The Pearson's correlations showed the presence of 8(in agricultural area),5(in domestic)and 3(in industrial) significant correlations with environmental(Physico-chemical)parameters,respectively.The regression analysis revealed that as much as 12%of variation in the mean length of FL Bwas due to NO3(+)in agricultural area and 9%due to total solids(+)indomestic area.However,the 8% variation in bacterial cell size of FLB was due to Mg(+)in industrial area.Whereas,13%variation in mean length of PBB was due to S04(+)in agncultural area and 10%due to total anions of strong acid(TASA)(+)in domestic area.Furthermore,10% of variation Was due to PO4(+)in industrial area.Thus,the statistical analysis revealed that several environmental variables were potentially responsible for some of the temporal variations in aquatic heterotrophic bacterial cell size,suggesting probably the stressed environment in these ecosystems.

  11. Trends in multi-pollutant emissions from a technology-linked inventory for India: II. Residential, agricultural and informal industry sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Apoorva; Sadavarte, Pankaj; Rao, Anand B.; Venkataraman, Chandra

    2014-12-01

    Dispersed traditional combustion technologies, characterized by inefficient combustion and significant emissions, are widely used in residential cooking and "informal industries" including brick production, food and agricultural product processing operations like drying and cooking operations related to sugarcane juice, milk, food-grain, jute, silk, tea and coffee. In addition, seasonal agricultural residue burning in field is a discontinuous source of significant emissions. Here we estimate fuel consumption in these sectors and agricultural residue burned using detailed technology divisions and survey-based primary data for 2010 and projected between 1996 and 2015. In the residential sector, a decline in the fraction of solid biomass users for cooking from 79% in 1996 to 65% in 2010 was offset by a growing population, leading to a nearly constant population of solid biomass users, with a corresponding increase in the population of LPG users. Emissions from agriculture followed the growth in agricultural production and diesel use by tractors and pumps. Trends in emissions from the informal industries sector followed those in coal combustion in brick kilns. Residential biomass cooking stoves were the largest contributors to emissions of PM2.5, OC, CO, NMVOC and CH4. Highest emitting technologies of BC were residential kerosene wick lamps. Emissions of SO2 were largely from coal combustion in Bull's trench kilns and other brick manufacturing technologies. Diesel use in tractors was the major source of NOx emissions. Uncertainties in emission estimates were principally from highly uncertain emission factors, particularly for technologies in the informal industries.

  12. Thoughts on Enhancing Guangdong Agribusiness Agricultural Industry Chain%关于提升广东农垦农业产业链的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖建琳; 廖旗平

    2013-01-01

    广东农垦主要农业产业链经过30多年的发展,已经形成了横向拓宽、纵向延伸的产业链。但是与现代化的农业产业链要求相比,还存在产业链条向产前、产后延伸不够等问题,需要从创新广东农垦特色的农产品生产合作机制等出发,建立长效机制,提升广东农垦主要农业产业链的水平。%After 30 years of development, the major agricultural industry chain of Guangdong agribusiness has come into being horizontal widened and vertical extended. Compared with modern agricultural industry chain, problems are remained to be solved, for instance, insufficient extension in pre-production and post-production, which should be proceeded from innovating agricultural products cooperative mechanism with Guangdong agriculture and reclamation features, sequentially establish long-term mechanism to improve the major agricultural industry chain of Guangdong agribusiness.

  13. Levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in some agricultural, industrial and urban areas along Xiamen coastal waters, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    An intensive investigation was conducted to study the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), to show firstly the level of pollution in the agricultural areas and analyses specifically the status of soil polluted by these persistent pollutants in some locations of Xiamen region. Soil samples collected from Jiulong agricultural catchment have been analysed for 16 PAH compounds, using gas chromatography flame ionization detection in order to determine the level of selected PAH components and to identify the factors that may control their distribution and persistence in the area. The main PAHs found in soil samples were the low molecular weight. The total PAHs detected in soil samples ranged from 0.50 to 0.95 μg/g soil. The highest values of PAHs were significantly detected in the orange tree leaves, which range from 236.1 to 249.3 μg/g soil showing recent atmospheric inputs of these volatile pollutants. The distribution of PAHs in vegetable were monitored and indicating that the concentration were high and ranged from 8.24 to 58.87 μg/g. Other sediment samples were also collected and analysed from urban sewage (5.26 μg/g dw), aquacultural(0.52 μg/g dw) and industrial areas (from 0.62 to 2.09 μg/g dw), during this investigation. The contamination of Jiulong river estuary and Xiamen Western Sea by PAHs has been then widely justified by wastewater discharges and soil runoffs from these areas. The results, therefore, provide important information on the current contamination status caused by the atmospheric transport and point to the need for urgent actions to stop the release of these hydrocarbons to the environment. The necessity of implementing systematic monitoring of PAHs is also emphasized.

  14. 提高农业职业教育质量是实现农业产业化的关键%To Improve the Quality of Agricultural Vocational Education is the Key to the Industrialization of Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜森有

    2012-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture requires agricultural growth to modern intensive change from the traditional extensive, whose core is the intensive of knowledge and technology. The key is to improve the scientific and cultural quality of the agricultural employees. Only to train a large number of technical and managerial personnel, to boost farmers" scientific and cultural qualities substantially, It can continue to improve agricultural production and operating efficiency in order to promote the benign operation and development of agricultural industrialization. This is the fundamental way to achieve the industrialization of agriculture.%农业产业化要求农业增长方式由传统的粗放型向现代的集约型转变,而农业增长方式由粗放型向集约型转变的核心是知识和技术的集约,关键是提高农业从业人员的科技文化素质。只有培养大量的科技与管理人才,大幅度提高农民的科技文化素质,才能不断提高农业生产和经营效益,才能促进农业产业化的良性经营发展,而大力发展农业职业教育正是提高新型农民与农业从业人员素质、实现农业产业化的根本途径。

  15. Animal Science Experts' Opinions on the Non-Technical Skills Secondary Agricultural Education Graduates Need for Employment in the Animal Science Industry: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slusher, Wendy L.; Robinson, J. Shane; Edwards, M. Craig

    2010-01-01

    Non-technical, employability skills are in high demand for entry-level job-seekers. As such, this study sought to describe the perceptions of Oklahoma's animal science industry leaders as it related to the employability skills needed for entry-level employment of high school graduates who had completed coursework in Oklahoma's Agricultural, Food…

  16. Academic, Industry and Student Perspectives on the Inclusion of "Vocational Knowledge" in a "Learning and Teaching Academic Standards Statement" for Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acuña, Tina Botwright; Kelder, Jo-Anne; Able, Amanda J.; Guisard, Yann; Bellotti, William D.; McDonald, Glenn; Doyle, Richard; Wormell, Paul; Meinke, Holger

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the perspective of industry stakeholders in a national project to develop a Learning and Teaching Academic Standards (LTAS) Statement for the Agriculture discipline. The AgLTAS Statement will be aligned with the Science LTAS Statement published in 2011 and comprise a discourse on the nature and extent of the Agriculture…

  17. 咸宁市农机服务产业化发展战略%The development strategy of agricultural machinery service industry in Xianning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶正良; 饶崇明; 柳威

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the basic theories of the agricultural machinery service industrialization as a guide, from the perspective of the rational development of agricultural machinery, in the interview, inspecting on the basis of relevant information, and put forward the development of agricultural machinery service industrial-ization in Xianning city's strategic thought, strategic target, strategic tasks and strategic measures.In order to provide the reference for the government at all levels, the relevant departments in Xianning City, enterprises and farmers to develop agricultural machinery service industrialization.%以农机服务产业化的基本理论为指导,从农机合理开发利用的角度出发,在走访座谈、查阅相关资料的基础上,提出了咸宁市农机服务产业化发展的战略思想、战略目标、战略任务与战略措施,以期能为咸宁市各级政府、相关部门、企业和农户发展农机服务产业化提供参考.

  18. Development of agricultural informatization under four synchronization in industrialization, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in Zhejiang%“四化”同步下浙江农业信息化发展的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董越勇

    2013-01-01

    在“四化”(工业化、信息化、城镇化、农业现代化)同步的宏观环境下,探讨浙江农业信息化的发展问题。农业信息化是现代化建设规律的客观要求,推进农业信息化关键要把握战略机遇,确立发展意识。提出当前应重点突破的农业信息化建设领域,拓展现代农业地理信息系统应用领域,强化农民信箱运行绩效管理,发展全省农业电子政务,开展农业电子商务应用和推进农业物联网应用。%Under the macro-environment of four synchronization including industrialization , informatization, urbani-zation and agricultural modernization , we discussed the developmental issues in agricultural informatization in Zhe-jiang.Agricultural informatization is the objective request of modernization construction .It is essential to grasp the strategic opportunity and establish the awareness of social development to promote agricultural informatization .We proposed that it is necessary to break some key points of agriculture informatization , including expanding applicable fields of modern agricultural geographic information system , strengthening the performance management of Farmer Mailbox, developing the agriculture E-government in the whole province , carrying out the agricultural E-commerce and promoting the application of agricultural internet of things .

  19. 泰国农业支柱产业研究%A Study on The Pillar Industries of Agriculture in Thailand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈军军

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture dominates an important position in economics of Thailand. Thailand has fertile lands and it is rich in agricultural products.Planting industry and fishery are the main industry. Rice,rubber and cassava are the main agricultural products there.%农业在泰国国民经济中占有重要地位。泰国农业产品品种丰富、产量充足,是泰国外贸出口的主要商品,最主要的产业是种植业和渔业。稻米、橡胶和木薯是泰国最重要的农产品。

  20. A Case Analysis of Entrepreneurship and Agriculture Industrialization Development%企业家精神与农业产业化发展案例分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万俊毅; 敖嘉焯

    2014-01-01

    Under the existing institution situation , the main reason of Guangdong agriculture economics developing inef-fectively lies in the slow process of agriculture industrialization .The lagging agriculture industrialization is rooted in the lack of entrepreneurship .The combination of entrepreneurship and agriculture operation character possesses its internal regularity.The case of Dongjin agriculture company indicates that the key of motivating entrepreneurship in the field of agriculture is to help company blend in the local society effectively .Therefore , taking a series of steps purposefully and cultivating entrepreneurship according to the local conditions could be beneficial to promote the rapid development of Guangdong agriculture industrialization .%在现有的制度情境下,广东农业经济发展不力的主要原因在于农业产业化进程较慢,而农业产业化发展滞后的根源在于农业领域的企业家精神不足。企业家精神与农业经营特性的融合具有内在的规定性,东进农牧有限公司的案例表明农业领域企业家精神发挥作用的关键是企业能够有效嵌入当地社会。因此,有的放矢地推出系列举措,因地制宜培育企业家精神,才能推进广东农业产业化的快速发展。

  1. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Guo-Yin; Yu, Hou-Yong, E-mail: phdyu@zstu.edu.cn; Zhang, Cai-Hong [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, The Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Materials and Textiles (China); Zhou, Ying; Yao, Ju-Ming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials & Processing Technology (China)

    2016-02-15

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature (T{sub max}) of 368.9–388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites.

  2. Anaerobic digestion of selected Italian agricultural and industrial residues (grape seeds and leather dust): combined methane production and digestate characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caramiello, C; Lancellotti, I; Righi, F; Tatàno, F; Taurino, R; Barbieri, L

    2013-01-01

    A combined experimental evaluation of methane production (obtained by anaerobic digestion) and detailed digestate characterization (with physical-chemical, thermo-gravimetric and mineralogical approaches) was conducted on two organic substrates, which are specific to Italy (at regional and national levels). One of the substrates was grape seeds, which have an agricultural origin, whereas the other substrate was vegetable-tanned leather dust, which has an industrial origin. Under the assumed experimental conditions of the performed lab-scale test series, the grape seed substrate exhibited a resulting net methane production of 175.0 NmL g volatile solids (VS)(-1); hence, it can be considered as a potential energy source via anaerobic digestion. Conversely, the net methane production obtained from the anaerobic digestion of the vegetable-tanned leather dust substrate was limited to 16.1 NmL gVS(-1). A detailed characterization of the obtained digestates showed that there were both nitrogen-containing compounds and complex organic compounds present in the digestate that was obtained from the mixture of leather dust and inoculum. As a general perspective of this experimental study, the application of diversified characterization analyzes could facilitate (1) a better understanding of the main properties of the obtained digestates to evaluate their potential valorization, and (2) a combination of the digestate characteristics with the corresponding methane productions to comprehensively evaluate the bioconversion process.

  3. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Guo-Yin; Yu, Hou-Yong; Zhang, Cai-Hong; Zhou, Ying; Yao, Ju-Ming

    2016-02-01

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature ( T max) of 368.9-388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites.

  4. Agricultural Technology--A Real Industry-Education Partnership [and] John Deere Ag Tech in New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bamford, Paul J.; Ginsburg, Alan

    1995-01-01

    Bamford describes the partnership between John Deere and colleges in the United States and Canada to train technicians in the latest agricultural technology. Ginsburg discusses the John Deere Agricultural Technology program at State University of New York-Cobleskill. (JOW)

  5. Development problems of agricultural service industry of Zhejiang%浙江农业服务业发展问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖建中; 何永达

    2011-01-01

    Developing agricultural service industry has great impact on adjustment of industry structure, accelerating economic transformation and upgrading. Zhejiang economy is in a critical period of transformation and had a positive meaning of strengthening the study of agriculture service. In this paper, modern agriculture and modern service industry were defined and analyzed, the concept and connotation of agricultural service were proposed. Relative theory and research at home and abroad were sorted. Development status of Zhejiang agricultural service industry and service industry at home and abroad were analyzed by the method of comparative study. Problems such as low proportion,structure unbalanced, imperfect system and slow development organization of agriculture service industry were discovered. Finally, development path of Zhejiang agricultural service were put forward from general idea, path planning and specific measures.%发展农业服务业,对于实现产业结构调整,加快经济转型升级具有重要作用.浙江经济正处于转型关键时期,加强对浙江农业服务业发展研究,具有积极意义.本文通过对现代农业和现代服务业的内涵进行界定和分析,提出农业服务业的概念及内涵,并梳理了农业服务业国内外相关理论及研究综述,采用比较分析方法研究国内外服务业和浙江农业服务业的发展现状,发现农业服务业比重偏低、结构不平衡、体制不完善、组织发展缓慢等诸多问题,最后从总体思路、路径规划和具体举措等方面提出浙江农业服务的发展路径.

  6. 营口地区农机维修业发展探讨%Discussion on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Maintenance Industry in Yingkou Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宽

    2015-01-01

    In the article, it expounded the status of present agricultural machinery maintenance enterprises and market requirements from basic situation of agricultural machinery maintenance places in Yingkou area; analyzed the problems existing in agricultural machinery maintenance industry from market economy aspect, raised future development direction and mode of agricultural machinery maintenance, in order to provide a reference for the development of agricultural machinery maintenance industry in Yingkou area.%从营口地区农机维修网点的基本情况出发,阐述现阶段农机维修企业现状与市场需求;从市场经济的角度分析农机维修业存在的问题,提出今后农机维修业的发展方向和发展模式,以期为营口地区农机维修业的发展壮大提供参考.

  7. 江苏省生物农业产业发展现状%Current Situation of the Development of Biological Agriculture Industry in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑玲

    2016-01-01

    Biological agriculture refers to the industry involving the fostering of new species of animals or plants and the production of biopesticides,veterinary drugs,vaccines,biofertilizer,fodder,agricultural materials,functional foods, biomass energy by using biotechnology including genetic engineering,fermentation engineering,enzyme engineering and molecular breeding and etc.Biological agriculture industry is a strategic industry for the future development of agricul-ture.With huge development potential,it has become the focus of a new round of competitions.In this paper,policiesof biological agriculture in Jiangsu Province were discussed and the development status of the biological agricultural industry in Jiangsu Province was described,especially that in cities of Nanjing,Wuxi and Suzhou.%生物农业指运用基因工程、发酵工程、酶工程以及分子育种等生物技术,培育动植物新品种,生产生物农药、兽药、疫苗以及生物肥料、生物饲料、生物农用材料、功能食品、生物质能源等所形成的产业。生物农业产业是未来农业发展的战略性产业,发展潜力巨大,已成为新一轮竞争的焦点。对江苏省生物农业的政策进行阐述,介绍了江苏省生物农业产业发展现状,特别是南京市、无锡市和苏州市生物农业产业发展现状。

  8. Evaluation on the regional agricultural industries' competitiveness in China%我国区域农业产业竞争力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琨; 平瑛

    2012-01-01

    [目的]对我国30个省(市、自治区)农业产业竞争力进行分析,为国家相关部门制定农业产业政策提供参考.[方法]通过因子分析、咨询专家意见等方法确定各指标的权重,建立适用于农业产业竞争力评估的综合评价模型,并应用综合评价模型对全国30个省(市、自治区)的农业竞争力进行评价.[结果]我国30个省(市、自治区)可分为高、中、低竞争力3个小组.虽然高组组内的排序有细微变化,但是高组的组成成员基本上无变化;与高组相比,中组和低组的变动频率较为频繁.我国农业产业具有明显的地域集中性,且农业优势产业带明显.[建议]延伸农业产业链、增加农业附加值,发挥区域资源优势、发展特色农业,走农业规模化经营之路,以促进我国农业可持续健康发展.%The agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China were analyzed in order to provide references for relevant departments to formulate new agricultural industrial policy. [Method]Analyzing correlating factors and consulting experts were used to weigh the index and establish the evaluation model of agricultural industrial competitiveness. The established evaluation model was used to assess the agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China. [Result]According to the final calculated scores, 30 provinces were divided into 3 groups: high competitiveness, middle competitiveness, and low competitiveness. The members in high competitiveness group hardly changed during 2008-2010; the rank of high competitiveness members, on the other hand, changed slightly. Compared to the members in the high competitiveness group, members in the middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group changed positions frequently. Chinese agricultural industry showed obvious regional concentrations and the advantage agricultural industry areas were apparent. [ Suggestion ] In order to promote sustainable and

  9. Influence of agricultural, industrial, and anthropogenic stresses on the distribution and diversity of macroinvertebrates in Juru River Basin, Penang, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Shami, Salman A; Md Rawi, Che Salmah; Ahmad, Abu Hassan; Abdul Hamid, Suhaila; Mohd Nor, Siti Azizah

    2011-07-01

    Abundance and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates as well as physico-chemical parameters were investigated in five rivers of the Juru River Basin in northern Peninsula Malaysia: Ceruk Tok Kun River (CTKR), Pasir River (PR), Permatang Rawa River (PRR), Kilang Ubi River (KUR), and Juru River (JR). The physico-chemical parameters and calculated water quality index (WQI) were significantly different among the investigated rivers (ANOVA, Ppolluted). However, PRR and KUR fell into class IV (polluted). High diversity and abundance of macroinvertebrates, especially the intolerant taxa, Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera, were observed in the least polluted river, CTKR. Decreasing abundance of macroinvertebrates followed the deterioration of river water quality with the least number of the most tolerant taxa collected from PR. On the basis of composition and sensitivity of macroinvertebrates to pollutants in each river, the highest Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) index score of 93 was reported in CTKR (good water quality). BMWP scores in PRR and JR were 38.7 and 20.1, respectively, classifying both of them into "moderate water quality" category. Poor water quality was reported in PR and KUR. The outcome of the multivariate analysis (CCA) was highly satisfactory, explaining 43.32% of the variance for the assemblages of macroinvertebrates as influenced by 19 physical and chemical variables. According to the CCA model, we assert that there were three levels of stresses on macroinvertebrate communities in the investigated rivers: Level 1, characterized of undisturbed or slightly polluted as in the case of CTKR; Level 2, characterized by a lower habitat quality (the JR) compared to the CTKR; and Level 3 showed severe environmental stresses (PRR, PR, and KUR) primarily contributed by agricultural, industrial, and municipal discharges.

  10. Evaluation on the Risks of Agricultural Industrial Chain Based on FAHP——A Case of Regions Inhabited by Ethnic Groups in Wuling Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through recognizing the risking factors of industrial chain and selecting appropriate evaluation method, the index system on evaluating risking factors including market risk, natural risk, contact risk and efficiency risk in industrial chain is constructed,26 weighting indicators under the four layers are set up. Taking regions inhabited by ethnic groups in Wuling Mountain as an example, the risking factors of agricultural industrial chain in the area are analyzed by adopting the FAHP. The influencing degree of each risking factor on credit risks is analyzed. The results assume that with the market risk, contract risk, natural risk and efficiency risk. The natural risks become the principal risks of agricultural industrial chain and it should be paid much attention to. The low credit risk is a major factor that causes the contract between enterprise and rural households. The flood, pests, diseases and disasters also should be paid high attention to that is regarded as risking factors. The risking factors that come from the efficiency risk layer, for example, the unequal profit distribution among enterprises has little effect on enterprises in industrial chain. The research results provide evidence for stipulating risk prevention measures.

  11. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling; JIANG; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of enterprises, it builds indicator system for evaluating the profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Also, it conducts an empirical analysis on profit quality of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises with YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province as an example.

  12. 搞好农机监理内业工作之对策%Countermeasures of Agricultural Machinery Supervision in The Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义祥

    2015-01-01

    农机监理工作关系到人民的生命和财产安全,农机监理内业工作是搞好农机监理工作的基础。要想搞好农机监理内业工作,首先要加强学习,提高自身的素质,既要提高政治素质,也要提高业务能力,其次要按照农业部颁布的规定和规范认真办理农机监理业务,同时加强部门间的协作,共同保障农机安全生产,促进社会稳定。%The agricultural machinery supervision is related to peopleˊs life and property security,and agricultural machinery supervision work in the industry is the foundation of doing a good job of the agricultural machines supervision.If you want to do a good job in agricultural machinery supervision work in the industry,the first thing is to strengthen learning,improve their quality, to improve political quality,and improve business ability;then it must be standardized in accordance with the regulations issued by the ministry of agriculture and seriously deal with agricultural machinery supervision business,at the same time,strengthen the collaboration between departments,jointly safeguard farm machinery safety in production,promote social stability.

  13. 农业产业化的内生动力--陕西富平订单农业模式%The Endogenous Motivity of the Agricultural Industrialization---The Order Agriculture Pattern in Fuping of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马义玲

    2016-01-01

    The agricultural industrialization as a kind of new way of production and operation was born in China in the transition from the planned economic system to market-based economic system from 1992 to 1993. After 20 years of development, China’s a-gricultural industrialization level is still uneven. The order agriculture pattern in Fuping of Shaanxi sets up an effective benefit connec-tion mechanism among agricultural management main bodies through orders, contracts and a series of credit structure files, realizes the cohesion between the small-scale production and big-scale market, speeds up the land circulation, promotes the production scale, solves rural collateral financing problems, thus promotes the rapid development of the agricultural industrialization. The pattern has a certain promotion value in those industries with the obvious regional characteristics and the high standard of scale and intensivism.%农业产业化作为一种新的生产经营方式,诞生在中国从计划经济体制向市场经济体制转轨的1992年至1993年间,经过二十多年的发展,我国农业产业化水平仍然参差不齐。陕西富平订单农业模式通过订单、合同等一系列信用结构文件,使农业经营主体之间建立了有效的利益连接机制,实现了小生产与大市场的衔接,加速了土地流转,推动了生产规模化,破解了农村抵押担保融资难题,从而推动农业产业化迅速发展。这种模式在具有明显区域特色、规模化和集约化要求高的产业具有一定的推广价值。

  14. 辽宁省农机工业发展研究%Research on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Industry in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金英慧

    2012-01-01

    农业机械的生产与发展是实现我国农业机械化和农业现代化的基础保证。辽宁省是工业大省,但其农机工业的发展缓慢。阐述辽宁省农机工业的发展现状,预测今后农机市场的需求形式,分析辽宁省农机工业发展的方向,并提出相应的对策与建议。%The production and development of agricultural machinery is a very basis for realizing agricultural mechanization and agricul- tural modernization. Yet the development in agricultural machinery industry in Liaoning is slow despite the fact that it is large industrial province. This article examines the present development state of this sector in Liaoning, predicts its future requirement patterns, analyzes the development direction of this industry in Liaoning, and pus forward correspondent proposals and measures.

  15. 加入 WTO 以来中国农业产业安全分析%Analysis of Security of Chinese Agricultural Industry Since Joining WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董银果; 梁根; 尚慧琴

    2015-01-01

    Since China got access to WTO in 2001 ,a large number of foreign agricultural products and FDI flooded into China's market ,which inevitably threatened the security of its agriculture at some extent .This paper chooses three types of sensitive agricultural products including soybean ,maize and cotton ,sets up industry security indices and make empirical study on Chinese agricultural industry security ,and finally explores the real threat to agricultural industry safety by analyzing the sources of imports and import dependency .The study reveals that the soybean industry is in crisis and the main threat is from the United States ,the maize industry changed from basi‐cally safe to unsafe and the main threat also comes from the United States ,and the cotton industry is in crisis and the main threat comes from the United States and India .Finally ,we propose to strengthen the agricultural indus‐try security risk warning and pre‐control study ,to establish countermeasure allowing intensity of the domestic in‐dustry protection directly proportional to quantity of importing agricultural products ,and to construct agricultural industry security protection system .%加入WTO以来,随着中国农产品市场开放程度加大,国外大量农产品和直接投资进入中国市场,对中国农业产业安全形成一定威胁。采用熵权法实证测量加入WTO以来大豆、玉米和棉花三类敏感性农产品产业安全水平的演变,进而从进口来源地和进口依赖性两方面探寻产业安全的威胁源头。研究表明:大豆产业已处于“危机”状态,主要威胁来自美国;玉米产业由“基本安全”转为“不安全”状态,主要威胁来自美国;棉花产业也处于“危机”状态,主要威胁来自美国和印度。针对中国农业产业安全状况,提出加强农业产业安全风险预警预控研究,确保农产品进口量与国内产业保护力度成正比以及构建农业产业安

  16. The Collaborative Relationship among Industrialization,Urbanization,Informatization and Agricultural Modernization and the Path of Synchronous Development in China: An Analysis Based on the Data during 1978-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinzhi; LIU; Lu; LI; Yusong; LIU

    2014-01-01

    The synchronous development of industrialization,urbanization,agricultural modernization and informatization is the basic trend and future requirements of China’s economic and social development. By using the relevant data of 1978- 2011,and establishing the VAR model,we find that in the short term,industrialization is the Granger cause of urbanization; urbanization is the Granger cause of industrialization,informatization,and agricultural modernization; agricultural modernization is the Granger cause of industrialization,informatization and urbanization; informatization is the Granger reason of industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization. In the long run,there are long-term and stable relations among them,and at the same time,their changes affect the structure of each other,and there are pulling effect among them.

  17. Comparison of the Three Cooperative Types of Agricultural Technology Popularization Based on the Industrialization of Tomato Industry in Xinjiang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the process of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang, the cooperative models of rural households and tomato processing enterprises are order type, mediated type and workshop type. The contents, closeness degree and stability of cooperation of them are different. Under different cooperation models, the closeness degree of pillar industry and rural households differs, as well as the speed and effect of the technology promotion. By comparing the situation of technology promotion under the three cooperative models, the results can be obtained. The workshop type can reduce the risks of adopting new technologies of farmers greatly; strengthen the internal motivation of farmers to adopt new technology, so it can attract more farmers. Therefore, the workshop type represents the developmental direction of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang to a certain extent.

  18. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES AND HAY HARVESTING IN ECONOMIC LIFE OF TRANSBAIKAL REGION INDIGENOUS POPULATION IN LATE XIX – EARLY XX CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yury B. Sandanov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on the issues of farm business transformation of Transbaikal farmers in late XIX – early XX century under the influence of capitalism growth. The agrarian history in Transbaikal region is of vital importance due to the overwhelming majority of rural population for the period under review. The author points out the key transformations of Russian and Buryat farmers of Transbaikal region resulted from transition to capitalist production relations. The facts and data of market and goods/money relationships of Buryat farmers are firstly introduced for scientific use. The role of Buryat settlements (uluses in developing market channels for agricultural products and hired agricultural labor forces are analyzed. The author conclusively proves the increase in capacity of agricultural industries and handicrafts among rural inhabitants based on the preceding scientists’ papers, making use of existing historical literature on the subject matter and appealing to a wide variety of published and unpublished papers. Some data about development of forest industries, cropping, hunting and fishing among indigenous population are of great interest as being the only thing for their livelihood. Moreover, it becomes possible to evaluate the degree of capitalist relations among Evenks farmers based on the survey of archival materials, the greater part of which are firstly introduced for scientific use. 

  20. Performance of Microfinance Institutions in The Economic Empowerment of Women in Rural Are: Comparative Study in The Fisher, Agriculture, and Industrial Community in Tangerang, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukhaer Pakkana

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to discover the performance of the financial independence, the members’ welfare, and accessibility of microfinance institutions to the rural areas in the Tangerang District. To measure the financial dependence is using financial ratios. Measuring levels of performance of the members’ welfare and accessibility using Chi-Square. The results found that, first, the level of welfare of members. The coastal areas have a higher loan value than other regions. Expenditure and income of members, industrial areas have high levels of spending and revenues higher than other regions. The performance of a range to members based on a group basis. Second, the performance of financial independence, categorized as "Healthy". The coastal area is 86.40, the area around the industrial area is 85.71 and agricultural area is 83,73. Third, the level of non-performing loans, the coastal area is 0.03, the industrial area is 0,26, and the agricultural area is 0.19.DOI:  10.15408/sjie.v6i1.4637 

  1. 品牌农业的产业组织优化与模块化设计%Industrial organization optimization and modularity design for the brand agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季六祥

    2009-01-01

    本文基于我国农业产业化和品牌化发展思路,一般描述了品牌农业的产业组织网络模型,核心是在个体农户与品牌市场之间引入一个泛中介产业服务网络,继而作出其优化模式,以解析现代农业转型中组织结构由网络化向集成化乃至虚拟化演变的内在逻辑.其次,分别作出组织运行中资金流、物流、知识流和品牌价值流模块设计,并相应构建基于Web的信息化管理集成平台,以满足协同增值、在线服务与实时管理,实现全面信息化支持的虚拟价值网模式.%Based on the development conception of agricultural industrialization and brand establishment in China,the industrial organization network model of brand agriculture has been general described,its core content is to establish a universal intermediary industrial service network between individual peasant and brand market,analysis the inner logic of modem agriculture transformation which organization structure changes from the networking to the integration,even virtualization.Secondly,the modularity of organization operation that include capital flow,logistics,knowledge flow,and brand value flow is designed,also the integrated information management platform is constructed based on the Web in order to satisfy online service,real - time management,cooperative increment,and implement the virtual value net model supported by the completed information.

  2. Industrious peasants in east and west: markets, technology, and family structure in Japanese and Western European agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Vries, Jan

    2011-01-01

    Jan de Vries engages with Osamu Saito's discussion of Tokugawa Japan, in particular, his exploration of de Vries's concept of an industrious revolution for East Asia, which was published in this journal in 2010. The discussion bears on the ongoing debate over the timing and character of the Great Divergence, when advanced parts of Europe pulled ahead of Asia. de Vries argues that the constraint on the Japanese rural household to acquire and shed labour delayed the shift from supply-side industriousness to demand-motivated industriousness, which in turn meant that the Great Divergence was already in place before 1800.

  3. Development of instrumentation systems as a base for control of digestion process stability in full-scale agricultural and industrial biogas plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kujawski, O; Steinmetz, H

    2009-01-01

    This article deals with the analysis of instrumentation from three modern German full-scale biogas plants with different inputs and typical process engineering concepts for German conditions. The measured results from each plant and the suitability of the instrumentation used are evaluated and assessed. Conclusions are also made about improving the use and architecture of the instrumentation. The analysis results show which benefits and optimum combination of on-line and off-line instrumentation could result for the control and automation of industrial and agricultural biogas plants.

  4. Titanium in UK rural, agricultural and urban/industrial rivers: Geogenic and anthropogenic colloidal/sub-colloidal sources and the significance of within-river retention

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neal, Colin; Jarvie, Helen [Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, OXON, OX10 8BB (United Kingdom); Rowland, Philip, E-mail: apr@ceh.ac.uk [Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP (United Kingdom); Lawler, Alan; Sleep, Darren; Scholefield, Paul [Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Lancaster, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster, LA1 4AP (United Kingdom)

    2011-04-15

    Operationally defined dissolved Titanium [Ti] (the < 0.45 {mu}m filtered fraction) in rivers draining rural, agricultural, urban and industrial land-use types in the UK averaged 2.1 {mu}g/l with a range in average of 0.55 to 6.48 {mu}g/l. The lowest averages occurred for the upland areas of mid-Wales the highest just downstream of major sewage treatment works (STWs). [Ti] in rainfall and cloud water in mid-Wales averaged 0.2 and 0.7 {mu}g/l, respectively. Average, baseflow and stormflow [Ti] were compared with two markers of sewage effluent and thus human population: soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) and boron (B). While B reflects chemically conservative mixing, SRP declined downstream of STW inputs due to in-stream physico-chemical and biological uptake. The results are related to colloidal and sub-colloidal Ti inputs from urban/industrial conurbations coupled with diffuse background (geological) sources and within-river removal/retention under low flows as a result of processes of aggregation and sedimentation. The urban/industrial inputs increased background [Ti] by up to eleven fold, but the total anthropogenic Ti input might well have been underestimated owing to within-river retention. A baseline survey using cross-flow ultrafiltration revealed that up to 79% of the [Ti] was colloidal/nanoparticulate (> 1 kDa i.e. > c. 1-2 nm) for the rural areas, but as low as 28% for the urban/industrial rivers. This raises fundamental issues of the pollutant inputs of Ti, with the possibility of significant complexation of Ti in the sewage effluents and subsequent breakdown within the rivers, as well as the physical dispersion of fine colloids down to the macro-molecular scale. Although not directly measured, the particulate Ti can make an important contribution to the net Ti flux. - Research Highlights: {yields} Filtered Ti in agricultural, urban and industrial UK rivers described. {yields} Highest concentrations occur just downstream of STWs. {yields} The urban/industrial

  5. Potentials for win-win alliances among animal agriculture and forest products industries: application of the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowling, Ellis B; Furiness, Cari S

    2005-09-01

    Commercial forests in many parts of the world are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrient-deficient forests often exist in close proximity to large animal feeding operations, meat processing and other food, textile, or other biomass-processing plants, and municipal waste treatment facilities. Many of these facilities produce large surpluses of nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter as gaseous ammonia, urea, uric acid, phosphorus compounds, bacterial sludges, and partially treated municipal wastewaters. These co-existing and substantial nutrient deficiencies and surpluses offer ready-made opportunities for discovery, demonstration, and commercial development of science-based, technology-facilitated, environmentally sound, economically viable, and socially acceptable "win-win alliances" among these major industries based on the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development. The major challenge is to discover practical means to capture the surplus nutrients and put them to work in forest stands from which value-added products can be produced and sold at a profit.

  6. Potentials for win-win alliances among animal agriculture and forest products industries: application of the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowling, Ellis B; Furiness, Carl S

    2005-12-01

    Commercial forests in many parts of the world are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrient-deficient forests often exist in close proximity to large animal feeding operations, meat processing and other food, textile, or other biomass-processing plants, and municipal waste treatment facilities. Many of these facilities produce large surpluses of nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter as gaseous ammonia, urea, uric acid, phosphorus compounds, bacterial sludges, and partially treated municipal wastewaters. These co-existing and substantial nutrient deficiencies and surpluses offer ready-made opportunities for discovery, demonstration, and commercial development of science-based, technology-facilitated, environmentally sound, economically viable, and socially acceptable "win-win alliances" among these major industries based on the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development. The major challenge is to discover practical means to capture the surplus nutrients and put them to work in forest stands from which value-added products can be produced and sold at a profit.

  7. Discussion on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Industries in China%我国农机制造业发展的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海燕; 张荣英

    2009-01-01

    In view of the development opportunities faced by agricultural machinery manufacturing industries,the problems in agricultural machinery manufacturing industries are analyzed including laggard manufacturing technology,low-level automation of manufacturing enterprises,hysteretic production organization and management means,and simple product etc.The countermeasures are put forward including introducing the advanced manufacturing technologies,equipping the advanced equipment and importing the advanced management means and so on.%从农机制造业面临的发展机遇入手,分析了农机制造业中存在制造技术落后、制造企业自动化程度不高、生产组织和管理手段滞后及产品单一等问题,提出了引入先进制造技术、配备先进装备、引进先进管理手段等解决措施.

  8. 税收政策对农产品加工业发展的影响研究%A Research on The Influence of Tax Policies on The Development of Agricultural Product Processing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军

    2015-01-01

    This paper mainly analyzed the impact of tax policy on agricultural product processing industry, expounded the development of agricultural product processing industry in the contect of different tax environment,and summarized how to better adjust tax policy to promote the healthy development of the industry.%探讨了税收政策对农产品加工业的影响,论述了农产品加工业在不同的税收环境下的发展情况,总结了如何更好地调整税收政策,促进行业健康发展.

  9. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  10. Disease spread models to estimate highly uncertain emerging diseases losses for animal agriculture insurance policies: an application to the U.S. farm-raised catfish industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagmutt, Francisco J; Sempier, Stephen H; Hanson, Terril R

    2013-10-01

    Emerging diseases (ED) can have devastating effects on agriculture. Consequently, agricultural insurance for ED can develop if basic insurability criteria are met, including the capability to estimate the severity of ED outbreaks with associated uncertainty. The U.S. farm-raised channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) industry was used to evaluate the feasibility of using a disease spread simulation modeling framework to estimate the potential losses from new ED for agricultural insurance purposes. Two stochastic models were used to simulate the spread of ED between and within channel catfish ponds in Mississippi (MS) under high, medium, and low disease impact scenarios. The mean (95% prediction interval (PI)) proportion of ponds infected within disease-impacted farms was 7.6% (3.8%, 22.8%), 24.5% (3.8%, 72.0%), and 45.6% (4.0%, 92.3%), and the mean (95% PI) proportion of fish mortalities in ponds affected by the disease was 9.8% (1.4%, 26.7%), 49.2% (4.7%, 60.7%), and 88.3% (85.9%, 90.5%) for the low, medium, and high impact scenarios, respectively. The farm-level mortality losses from an ED were up to 40.3% of the total farm inventory and can be used for insurance premium rate development. Disease spread modeling provides a systematic way to organize the current knowledge on the ED perils and, ultimately, use this information to help develop actuarially sound agricultural insurance policies and premiums. However, the estimates obtained will include a large amount of uncertainty driven by the stochastic nature of disease outbreaks, by the uncertainty in the frequency of future ED occurrences, and by the often sparse data available from past outbreaks.

  11. Potentials for win-win alliances among animal agriculture and forest products industries: Application of the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ellis B. Cowling; Cari S. Furiness

    2005-01-01

    Commercial forests in many parts of the world are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrient-deficient forests often exist in close proximity to large animal feeding operations, meat processing and other food, textile, or other biomass-processing plants, and municipal waste treatment facilities. Many of these facilities produce large surpluses of nitrogen,phosphorus, and organic matter as gaseous ammonia, urea, uric acid, phosphorus compounds,bacterial sludges, and partially treated municipal wastewaters. These co-existing and substantial nutrient deficiencies and surpluses offer ready-made opportunities for discovery, demonstration,and commercial development of science-based, technology-facilitated, environmentally sound,economically viable, and socially acceptable "win-win alliances" among these major industries based on the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development. The major challenge is to discover practical means to capture the surplus nutrients and put them to work in forest stands from which value-added products can be produced and sold at a profit.

  12. National symposium: nuclear technique in industry, medicine, agriculture and environment protection. Abstracts of papers; Krajowe sympozjum: technika jadrowa w przemysle, medycynie, rolnictwie i ochronie srodowiska. Streszczenia referatow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The National Symposium `Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environment Protection` has been held in Rynia near Warsaw from 24 to 27 April 1995. Totally 94 lectures have been presented. The actual state of art in Polish investigations have been shown in all branches of applied nuclear sciences. The plenary session devoted to general topics has began the symposium. Further conference has been divided into 18 subject sessions. There were: (1) radiation technologies in environment protection; (2) radiation technologies in materials engineering; (3) radiation preservation in food; (4) radiation techniques for medical use; (5) radiotracers in industrial investigations; (6) radiotracers in water and sewage management and leak control; (7) tracers in hydrology; (8) radiotracers in materials testing; (9) instruments for environment protection, (10) radiometric industrial gages; (11) diagnostic and testing instruments; (12) application of nuclear techniques in materials testing; (13) applications of nuclear techniques in geology and hydrogeology; (14) radioanalytical methods; (15) radiation detectors; (16) radiation measurements; (17) data processing from radiometric experiments; (18) accelerators, isotopes manufacturing, INIS.

  13. SWOT Analysis on Modern Agriculture Characteristic Competitive Industry of the Economic Zone Along the Yellow River%宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜国华

    2011-01-01

    The development of the modern agricultural industry is critical for the improvement of the comprehensive production capacity of agriculture. In the past few years, the agricultural structure has been optimized along the way, and the regional characteristics takes into initial shape, which accelerating the pace of modern agriculture characteristic competitive industry' s construction. By stating the resource endowment of the agriculture characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River, this paper based on the current situation, takes SWOT analysis to evaluate its strengths, the weaknesses, the opportunities and the threats, and provides a development strategy as the theory evidence for the agricultural characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River.%为研究宁夏沿黄经济区农业结构,发展区域特色农业,优化现代农业产业体系,论述了宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业资源,用SWOT分析方法对其优势、劣势、机遇和挑战进行分析,并在此基础上提出发展思路.可为沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业发展研究提供参考.

  14. Characterization of natural fiber from agricultural-industrial residues; Caracterizacao de fibras naturais provenientes de residuos agroindustriais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prado, Karen S.; Spinace, Marcia A.S., E-mail: marcia.spinace@ufabc.edu.br [Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, CCNH, Universidade Federal do ABC - UFABC, Campus de Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Natural fibers show great potential for application in polymer composites. However, instead of the production of inputs for this purpose, an alternative that can also minimize solid waste generation is the use of agro-industrial waste for this purpose, such as waste-fiber textiles, rice husks residues and pineapple crowns. In this work the characterization of these three residues and evaluate their properties in order to direct the application of polymer composites. Was analyzed the moisture, density, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis of the fibers. The results show that the use of these wastes is feasible both from an environmental standpoint and because its properties suitable for this application. (author)

  15. Insight into the applications of palm oil mill effluent: A renewable utilization of the industrial agricultural waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foo, K.Y.; Hameed, B.H. [School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, University of Science Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia)

    2010-06-15

    Water scarcity and pollution rank equal to climate change as the most intricate environmental turmoil for the 21st century. Today, the percolation of palm oil mill effluents into the waterways and ecosystems, remain a fastidious concern towards the public health and food chain interference. With the innovation of palm oil residue into a high valuable end commodity, there has been a steadily growing interest in this research field. Confirming the assertion, this paper presents a state of art review of palm oil mill effluent industry, its fundamental characteristics and environmental implications. Moreover, the key advance of its implementations, major challenges together with the future expectation are summarized and discussed. Conclusively, the expanding of palm oil mill effluent in numerous field of application represents a plausible and powerful circumstance, for accruing the worldwide environmental benefit and shaping the national economy. (author)

  16. 毕节试验区农业产业化发展的创新路径探讨%Study on Innovation Path of Agricultural Industrialization Development in Biiie Experimental District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭永贤; 周瑞洋; 张世攀

    2012-01-01

    To provide references for the sustainable development of agricultural industrialization in Bijie experimental district, the economic development background, current managing situation of agricultural industrialization and existing problems in Bijie experiment district were analyzed, and the innovation path for agricultural industrialization was proposed from five aspects: First, building management circumstances for agricultural industrialization; Second, drawing into market mechanism and establishing a market-oriented services system; Third; establishing scientific risk avoidance and benefit mechanism; Fourth: Cultivating operation ability of agricultural industrialization; Fifth: Standardizing the production of agricultural products and processing procedures, strengthening supervision and inspection to create an industry pattern of "one village one specialty, one village one product, many villages one brand product".%为毕节试验区农业产业化的可持续发展提供参考依据,通过对毕节试验区经济发展背景、农业产业化经营现状和存在问题进行分析,提出毕节试验区农业产业化发展的创新路径:一是营造农业产业化经营环境;二是引入市场机制,建立市场化服务体系;三是建立科学的风险规避和利益机制;四是培育农业产业化组织自身运行能力;五是规范农产品生产、加工操作规程,加强监督和质量检测,努力打造“一乡一特、一村一品、多村一品”的产业格局.

  17. 农业科技创新集群形成动力机制——以山东省苍山县蔬菜产业为例%Research on Evolution Mechanism of the Agricultural Technology Innovation Industry Clusters——ACase Study on Vegetable Industry of Cangshan County in Shandong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢爱良

    2011-01-01

    Agricultural science and technology were widely used in the agricultural industry clusters to promote emergence of agricultural science and technology industrial clusters. The situation and findings of research status on several fields of the a-gricultural industry clusters, such as the concept and connotation, classification, evolution mechanism and so on was expounded. Based on this research agricultural technology innovation clusters by Cangshan county agricultural industrial cluster were discussed. Some countermeasures of agricultural technology innovation clusters in Cangshan county had been put forward.%科技创新广泛应用于农业产业集群以促使农业科技创新集群的出现.从概念界定与内涵、分类、形成机制等方面,论述了国内外有关理论与实践现状,同时以山东省苍山县为例,对农业科技创新集群形成进行了初步探讨,并总结了苍山县农业科技创新集群的发展途径.

  18. NEEM: UNUSUALLY VERSATILE PLANT GENUS AZADIRACHTA WITH MANY USEFUL AND SO FAR INSUFFICIENTLY EXPLOITED PROPERTIES FOR AGRICULTURE, MEDICINE, AND INDUSTRY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummel, H E; Langner, S S; Leithold, G; Schmutterer, H

    2014-01-01

    Neem plants (Rutales: Meliaceae) are well known for their multitude of human benefits in various fields. Specifically well investigated are the Indian neem tree Azadirachta indica A. Juss., the Thai neem A. siamensis Val., the originally Malaysian/Philippinean neem A. excelsa (Jack) and, as a close relative, the Persian lilac, Melia azedarach. The major and most active natural products are azadirachtin, salannin, nimbin and marrangin from Azadirachta species, and azadirachtin analogues like meliantriol from Melia species. Neem fruits, leaves, bark, and roots have specific virtues. They have been traditionally exploited for a considerable part of human history and are documented in Sanskrit texts. Due to human activity in trade and travel both at land and sea, the plant species has been distributed around the globe and is cultivated in many tropical, and subtropical regions. A multitude of natural products of neem have been isolated, chemically characterized or identified, and investigated for their properties in the management of insects, Acarina, Crustacea, nematodes, bacteria, fungi, viruses and soil fertility (for reviews see Kraus, 2002; Schmutterer, 2002A; Rembold, 2002; Koul, 2004; Schmutterer and Huber, 2005; Kleeberg and Strang, 2009; Hummel et al., 2008, 2011, 2012). Neem products are virtually nontoxic, compatible with beneficial insects, pollinators and bees. They are environmentally benign, sustainable, renewable, and of a price affordable for developed countries. In conclusion, neem is a prime example of a natural resource with many beneficial applications in agriculture, human and veterinary medicine. So far, its use is practically free of resistance problems which are frustratingly prevalent in many areas of synthetic insecticide and drug development. Investigating more neem applications will increase future human welfare and health while being of general ecological benefit to the planet.

  19. Agriculture biotechnology report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This report provides the basis for an overall agriculture biotechnology strategy for Saskatchewan, encompassing all aspects of the biotechnology sector and supporting institutions. It presents results of a survey of over 70 industry and public sector leaders in agriculture biotechnology in order to assist Saskatchewan Agriculture & Food in defining its role and involvement in the agriculture biotechnology industry. Issues examined include: Goals for the agriculture biotechnology industry; research and development; technology transfer and commercialisation; infrastructure and services; human resources; legislation and policy; funding; future core areas of research and development; and the role of government in developing the industry. The report concludes with lists of recommendations. The supplement lists the survey questions and responses.

  20. Energy efficiency in the agricultural and food industry illustrated with the example of the feed production plant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gembicki Jacek

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy efficiency is an indicator specifying the amount of saved electric energy thanks to implementation of suitable systems and solutions aimed at reducing the energy consumption in a production plant. Effective use of electric energy or heat energy is intended to reduce the amount of energy required to manufacture products and provide services. Decreased demand for electric energy in the production plant by only a few percent’s may result in considerable savings which in turn assure increased production profitability. If we reduce the energy consumption, it will translate into reduced pollution generated and emitted to the environment. Thanks to this, the plant may limit its negative impact on the surrounding. The feed industry is known to consume much amount of energy for the purposes of production. This energy is intended for pre-processing of substrates, actual production and preparation of ready product to be taken over by the customer. Farmers use fodders to feed their animals. Quality of fodders (feeds and their ingredients determine health of farm animals, which has a direct impact on the quality of products we consume, and consequently on our health. An thorough analysis of feed production plants and reduction of their energy consumption should translate into improved effectiveness. Saved energy allows producing high-quality products and using ingredients of higher quality, which in turn may influence competitiveness of prices of ready products.

  1. 工业化、人口转型与长期农业增长的差异化路径%Industrialization,Demographic Transition and the Differentiation of Long-term Agricultural Growth Path

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭剑雄

    2016-01-01

    传统农业、工业化农业和现代农业分别存在马尔萨斯稳态、索洛稳态和现代持续增长稳态三种不同的产出增长结构。传统农业经由工业化农业向现代农业的发展,亦即马尔萨斯稳态经索洛稳态向现代持续增长稳态的渐进过渡。离开工业化的外部冲击,难以设想突破传统农业低技术均衡的前一种过渡;而人口生产转型则是工业化农业成长为现代农业的内生动力。当前中国农业发展政策调节的基本目标,仍是通过劳动力转移继续完成马尔萨斯稳态向索洛稳态的过渡,同时应前瞻性地为人力资本引入农业生产创设条件。%Malthus steady state,Solow steady state and modern sustainable growth steady state respec-tively exist in traditional agriculture,industrial agriculture and modern agriculture.The process tradi-tional agriculture developing into modern agriculture by industrial agriculture is a gradual transition from Malthus steady state to modern sustainable growth steady state by Solow steady state.It is hard to imagine a breakthrough in low technology balance of traditional agricultural without the external shock of industrialization.While the demographic transition is the endogenous dynamic from industrial agriculture to modern agriculture,at present,the basic aim of China�s agricultural development policy is still to complete the transition from Malthus steady state to Solow steady state by labor transfer, and create conditions for introducing human capital into agricultural production.

  2. Co-integration Analysis of the Relationship between Intra-industry Trade in China's Agricultural Products and Agricultural GDP%中国农产品产业内贸易与农业经济增长:基于协整关系的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴学君; 朱海英

    2012-01-01

    Based on E-G co-integration test and Granger causality test,the paper makes an empirical analysis of the relationship between intra-industry trade in primary agricultural products and agricultural economic growth in China by using the data between 1992 and 2010.The results shows that there is a long-term equilibrium relationship between them;Granger causality test shows that there is a unidirectional causality between intra-industry trade in agricultural products and agricultural economic growth. Intra-industry trade in primary agricultural products has become a factor to promote agricultural economic growth of China.%运用E-G两步法和Granger因果关系检验法,利用Grubel—Lloyd产业内贸易加权指数,对我国1992~2010年间初级农产品产业内贸易与农业经济增长之间的关系进行了实证研究,发现初级农产品产业内贸易与农业经济增长之间存在长期稳定的关系和单向因果关系,初级农产品产业内贸易已经成为促进中国农业经济增长的重要因素。

  3. 以生物能源产业重新振兴中国生态农业%Revitalizing Chinese eco-agriculture through bioenergy industrial development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程序

    2013-01-01

    “中国生态农业”在国内外都是最早提出并实践循环经济原理的,在生态工程的设计和应用上有很多创造.但随着农村经营方式的演变,中国生态农业模式当今已显现出若干严重不适应之处.核心问题是,经济活力严重不足,一直未能及时形成一批对农村经济能起到重大作用的支柱型生态产业.本文用以生物能源为基础的生态产业的若干案例说明,作为可再生能源、特别是惟一能提供最稀缺液体燃料的生物能源,市场潜力无限,为生态农业的高经济效益提供了根本性的保障.中国生物能源产业不仅有助于国家的能源安全,还能够确实性地实现大规模的物质循环利用和能量多层次利用,真正发挥出生物质经济在缓解我国土地、矿产和化石能源等方面存在的对农业和其他经济部门的巨大制约的重大作用,社会效益巨大.现代生物能源产业的出现和崛起,为生态与经济“联姻”和环保产业化的“两难”难题的破解,以及重振中国生态农业,都提供了难得的机遇.%Chinese eco-agriculture (CEA) was the first to implement "recycle economy" in the world. It developed designs and applications of eco-engineering. However, due to drastic changes in the organization of agricultural operations, CEA model transmission fell short of expectations. The main shortcoming was the lack of economic vitality due to long-term absence of strong ecological industries that contributed to rural economy and environment. Through case studies, this paper illustrated that as a renewable energy and liquid fuel resource, bioenergy provided basic support for high economic benefits in eco-agriculture in even unlimited market potentials. In China, bioenergy industry not only contributed to national energy security, but also realized material recycling and multi-utilization of biomass. Biomass economy was important for removing restriction of arable land, mineral and

  4. Research on Agricultural Talents Recruitment Based on Industrialization Promotion%基于产业化发展的农业人才“回流”问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李秀美

    2012-01-01

    The industrialization of the agricultural sector demands the support of talents. But the long-term urban-rural dual economic system and the urban-favored industry priority development strategy has led to the outflow agricultural talents, the hollowness of talents and the shortage of industrial talents. With the progressive extension of agricultural production chain and the deepening of labor division and cooperation, the talent structure in the demand of industrialization has also differentiated gradually, which results in a widening gap of talents in key sectors, such as the industrialization-extension-promotion design management talents, the industrial-technological-and-industry-chain-mingling-promotion agricultural technicians and the comprehensive industry-chain-extension and industry-cluster-development-promotion service talents. When the existing talent stock in the agricultural country fails to meet the demand of industrial development, it is up to the local governments to guide properly the farmers with specific skills, college graduates from rural households and talents from other sources to flow back to the countryside and it is one of the significant measures to ensure the sustainable, fast and healthy development of agricultural industrialization. Correspondingly, the smooth backflow of talents to the agricultural countryside demands the establishment of a benefit association system in the ever-extending internal agricultural industry chain market and the encouragement of industry-demanding talents to build up professional and complementary human resources teams and to participate in the whole industrialization process.%农业产业化发展需要人才支持,但长期城乡二元经济体制、偏向城市的工业优先发展战略等,造成农业农村人才大量流失,出现人才“空心化”、产业化人才匮乏等问题.随着农业生产链条的不断延伸及分工与合作的逐步深化,满足产韭化需求的人才结构也逐步细

  5. The genetic manipulation of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the aim of converting polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste to single-cell protein and fuel ethanol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. S. Pretorius

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available The world’s problem with overpopulation and environmental pollution has created an urgent demand for alternative protein and energy sources. One way of addressing these burning issues is to produce single-cell protein (for food and animal feed supplements and fuel ethanol from polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste by using baker’s yeast.

  6. 产业链视角下我国绿色农业发展现况及对策%Status and Suggestions of Green Agriculture Development from Perspective of Industrial Chain in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱绪荣; 邓宛竹; 施政

    2012-01-01

    As a new model of modern agricultural development,China green agriculture is in the initial stage.Under the guidance of industrial chain,governments,enterprises,farmers' cooperative organizations,farmers and consumers are the main participants of green agriculture chain.All participants need cooperate with each other to develop green agriculture.From the perspective of industry chain,this article discussed about the current development status,problems of green agriculture in China,and raised the relative policy support suggestions to improve green agriculture development.%绿色农业作为一种现代农业发展的新模式,在我国的发展仍处于起步阶段。绿色农业的发展需要在产业链理念的指导下,政府、企业、农民合作组织、农户以及消费者等主体共同参与。本文从产业链角度分析了我国绿色农业的发展现状,深入探讨了当前绿色农业产业发展面临的一些问题,提出了加强绿色农业产业发展的对策建议。

  7. Study on Green Integrated Agricultural,Industrial and Commercial Enterprise Logistics System%农工贸一体化企业绿色物流体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉鸿荣

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the characteristics of logistics management of integrated agricultural, industrial and commercial (AIC) enterprises and the development status quo of green logistics, the paper establishes a green integrated agricultural, industrial and commercial enterprise logistics system in the case of a certain Beijing agricultural enterprise and proposes development strategies including resource integration, green packaging, storage, transportation and information management, etc.%从农工贸一体化企业物流管理特点和绿色物流发展现状人手,结合北京某农企的案例,构建农工贸一体化企业绿色物流体系,提出确立绿色物流战略、集约资源、绿色包装、绿色储运以及绿色信息管理等农工贸一体化企业绿色物流发展策略.

  8. The comparison and choice of the industrial chain integration model of China’s agriculture%我国农业产业链整合模式的比较与选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成德宁

    2012-01-01

    Under the dual system of urban-rural division,China ’ s urban and rural industries are self-contained and developing in closed model.Agricultural industry chain is also divided into different areas and departments,it cannot be integrated into a complete industrial chain.Integrating the agricultural industrial chain so as to promote comparative benefit in agriculture and market position of farmers,and let farmers share profits brought by non-agricultural links including the processing and marketing of agricultural products,which becomes the top priority for the agricultural development in China.This paper analyzes and compares the advantages and disadvantages for the models of current agriculture industry chain integration,which include the model of trade in the bazaar directly,the model of specialized wholesale market transaction,the model of farmers cooperative organization and the model of" corporation and farmer".On the basis of household contract management,this paper proposes choosing the agricultural industry chain model of farmer cooperative organization as the main pattern of agricultural industry chain in the future, making farmers enable to establish various cooperative organization based on their voluntary mutual assistance.Thus farmer ’ s industrial chain can be extended to non-agricultural links including the pre-production and post-production of agricultural products,farmers can share the profit brought by non-agricultural links,and improve their position in market competition.%在城乡分割的体制下,我国城乡产业自成一体,封闭发展,农业产业链也被分割在不同地区和部门,无法整合成一条完整的产业链。整合农业产业链,提高农业的比较效益和农民的市场地位,使农民能够分享农产品加工和销售等非农产业环节的收益,已经成为我国农业发展的当务之急。本文分析和比较了我国当前农业产业链整合中存在的集贸市场直接交易型、专业

  9. Destruction of the recreational, asthetic, agricultural, wildlife conservation and preservation, and residential uses of the land as a result of the abuses of the manufacturing, commercial, extractive, construction, and transportation industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Explicit concern over land use and abuse stems from the recognition of the negative impacts of unrestrained and unregulated economic, industrial, and population growth upon finite land resources. Only one quarter of the total surface area of the earth is land, and of that a large portion is uninhabitable. The present stresses upon the land include urbanization, urban sprawl and urban congestion; electrical, nuclear industrial park siting requirements; land degradation through stripping surface minerals; land degradation through disposal of radioactive wastes, sewage sludge, solid waste and other industrial wastes; rising demand for agricultural land; and the erosion and destruction of land through elimination of protective coverings such as forests, grasslands, and wetlands.

  10. 基于非对称演化博弈的农业产业投资基金寻租问题%Rent-seeking Problems of Agricultural Industrial Investment Fund Based on the Asymmetric Evolution Game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳意定; 廖建湘

    2012-01-01

    由于农业产业投资基金市场制度的不完善、信息不对称和代理问题的存在,基金管理人的"内部人控制"成为可能,这使得农业产业投资基金在发展运作中存在寻租问题。本文通过非对称演化博弈分析了农业产业投资基金中的基金管理人和农业企业家的寻租问题。通过寻租博弈的四种情况分析了基金管理人和农业企业家寻租策略的演化路径和稳定状态,指出提高政府监管、完善市场制度是解决农业产业投资基金市场寻租问题的最好途径。%Because of the imperfect investment fund market system of agricultural industry,asymmetric information and agency problems,the fund manager’s "internal control" is possible,which leads to rent-seeking problem ot the managers of the agricultural industrial investment funds.In this paper,we use asymmetric evolutionary game analysis of rent-seeking problem of the fund managers and agricultural entrepreneurs in the agricultural industrial investment funds.Through analyzing four Rent-seeking game situations,we analyze the evolution path of agricultural entrepreneurs’ and fund managers’ rent-seeking strategies.Finally,we point out that increasing government regulation and improving the market system is the best way to solve the problem of rent-seeking in the agricultural industrial investment funds’ markets.

  11. Agricultural Industrialization and Regionalization Management Implemented to Ensure Agro-products Quality%实行产业化经营和区域化管理,确保农产品质量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘运国; 张连辉; 于素华

    2011-01-01

    临沂市河东区通过农业产业化经营,实现产业化经营、规模化种植、标准化生产;通过农产品质量安全区域化管理,实现农产品生产过程可控、流通消费过程可追溯,以及农产品从田间到餐桌全程监管。%To ensure quality and safety of agricultural products,Hedong District of Linyi City began to promote industria-lization management and regionalization management of agricultural products to achieve standardization and normalization of agricultural production,improve the quality and safety of agricultural products, and to make sure full control of agri-products from farm to table.

  12. Development status of Photovoltaic Industry and Its Application in Agriculture%光伏产业的发展现状及其在农业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋高中; 徐跑; 刘辉芬; 吴宗文; 曹玲; 章琼

    2016-01-01

    分析了国内外光伏产业的发展现状,阐述了发展光伏农业的意义,从光伏发电、光伏大棚、光伏养殖3个方面综述了光伏产业在农生产中的应用,最后指明了光伏产业在农业中的应用前景及发展趋势。%Development stauts of photovoltaic industry was analyzed in China.The meaning of photovoltaic agriculture development was elabora-ted.Application of photovoltaic industry in agricutlral production was reviewed from three aspects of photovoltaic power generation, photovoltaic greenhouse and photovoltaic cultivation.Finally, the application prospect and development trend of photovoltaic industry in agricultural were pointed out.

  13. Differentiation of the Rural Households Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Industrialization Behavior——A Case Study of 102 Households in Yanling County, Henan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of fieldwork data collected by us from 102 households in the villages of Yaojia, Jizhuang and Wuzi, we analyze the phenomenon of differentiation behaviors of households who own different kinds of resources under the background of agricultural industrialization. The focus of this paper is to probe into characteristics of the physical contact space, information contract space between different rural households such as farmers, brokers and entrepreneurs. Then, we focus on the driving forces behind the household differentiation process. Several conclusions can be drawn from this analysis. Firstly, the geographical domain increases as the households evolutes from farmers to entrepreneurs, and the farmers’ physical contract space is larger than the information contract space while that of brokers and entrepreneurs equals. Secondly, there is a certain pattern existing in the evolution: based on the self-techniques, farmers evolutes to flower workers, and to brokers when the capital, social network and self-ability is sufficient. As a result of appropriate policy, opportunity of building business and the risk appetite characteristics, entrepreneurs may differentiate from the brokers.

  14. The influence of industrial and agricultural waste on water quality in the Água Boa stream (Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Monyque Palagano; Dourado, Priscila Leocadia Rosa; de Souza Rodrigues, Mayara; Raposo, Jorge Luiz; Grisolia, Alexeia Barufatti; de Oliveira, Kelly Mari Pires

    2015-07-01

    Water quality monitoring is used to determine the impact of human activities on the environment. We evaluated water quality in the Água Boa stream, located within the municipality of Dourados, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, by analyzing physico-chemical, chemical, and microbiological parameters, as well as chlorophyll concentrations. Five sets of water samples were collected between December 2012 and November 2013 from three locations within the stream. The results showed the presence of Escherichia coli and antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas spp. strains and high concentrations of organic matter (total dissolved solids), inorganic species (Mg, Ca, and Fe), and agrochemical residues (thiamethoxam). The main stream water contaminants are derived from urban, industrial, and agricultural activities within the watershed. Given the presence of contaminants, it is important that such findings are disseminated in order to highlight the risks that contact with this water may pose to human health. To preserve the environment and improve site conditions, people would need to participate by demanding that normative national and international standards be respected and that the situation be supervised by the competent governmental agencies; this would make it possible to reverse or minimize contamination problems within the Água Boa stream.

  15. Türkiye’nin Tarıma Dayalı Sanayi Politikası (1923-1938 = Agriculture-Based Industrial Policy of Turkey (1923 – 1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ata YİĞİT

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Poverty was at its highest level during the first years of the Republic of Turkey. As a consequence of the wars; workforce declined, production fell down, a famine occurred and epidemic diseases spread. Wheat was being imported even though about 76 % of the population lived in the rural areas. Hence, an emergency development policy was formed, which was realizable, in accord with economic and social structures of Turkey, and based on its own resources. In this research, the agriculture-based industrial policy is reviewed, which was developed with a strategic approach and as an emergency development action. The data obtained are presented and assessed in a manner to be compared with the previous years. In addition, it is determined and commented on that an economic aspect is present within Turkey’s threat perception. Thereby, a significant relationship is revealed between the development thrust initiated and the period’s conjuncture. The most utilized sources were archive documents, official statistics and the Official Gazette.

  16. 芜湖市农业龙头企业经济运行情况分析%On Economic Operation of Agriculturally Industrialized Bibcock Enterprises in Wuhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,agricultural industrialization in Wuhu has developed in a full swing with prominent effects,and contributed to better local economic development.Due to global financial storm,exportation of many enterprises has been reduced.Such problems as price waving,operation risk increase,lack of investment and scale shrinking are what corporations have to face.Hence,relevant departments are responsible for supporting business development by means of financial and technological measures.%近几年芜湖市农业产业化发展速度快、势头强、成效显著,总体运行质量良好,为芜湖市经济又好又快发展作出了重要贡献。但受全球金融风暴影响,企业产品出口创汇受挫,企业面临着价格波动、经营风险加大、资金紧张以及规模偏小等问题。所以,有关部门应加大培育力度,通过金融、技术等方面予以支持,促进芜湖农业经济又好又快发展。

  17. “一带一路”背景下的海南农产品第三方物流%The Third-party Logistics Industry of Hainan Agricultural Products under"the Belt and Road Initiatives"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓爽

    2015-01-01

    "The Belt and Road Initiatives" has brought new opportunities and challenges to the development of the third-party logistics industry of Hainan agricultural products. There are some advices to promote the development of the third-party logistics of Hainan agricultural products such as making full use of the advantages of Hainan natural resources, speeding up the construction of infrastructure and the agricultural product logistics park, raising farmers' awareness of the third-party logistics services, cultivating the third-party logistics professionals of agricultural products actively, improving the third-party operation mode of agricultural products, and enhancing the level of informatization technology of agricultural products logistics enterprises. At the same time, the government's support for agricultural products logistics industry should be specific and effective to promote the Hainan third-party logistics of agricultural products remarkably developing and the rural residents' income further increasing.%“一带一路”给海南农产品第三方物流业的发展带来了新的机遇和挑战。要充分利用海南的优越条件,加快基础设施和农产品物流园区的建设,提高农民对第三方物流服务的意识,积极培养农产品第三方物流专业人才,改进农产品第三方运作模式,提高农产品物流企业的信息化水平。同时,政府对农产品物流产业的扶持要有具体有效的措施,促进海南农产品第三方物流长足发展以及农村居民收入进一步提高。

  18. Xinjiang Agricnltural Mechanization Development Features and DiIemma and Agricultural Machinery Industry Development Strategy%新疆农业机械化发展的特征和困境与农机工业发展战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏巍; 李万明

    2012-01-01

    Xinjiang agricultural mechanization has achieved great development in the "eleventh rive-year plan" period, but still has outstanding problems of the unreasonable structure and not balanced development. Xinjiang agricultural mechanization development demand for agricultural machinery has characteristics of a large space, diversification, large-scale, high performance, economy, and based on this, this paper discussed the dilemma of the effective supply the plight of agricultural machinery from the supply of Xinjiang agricultural machinery of quality, quantity and price , and further analyzes the cause of the dilemma is that the Xinjiang agricultural machinery industry organization structure is not reasonable. This paper puts strategic thinking of speeding up the development of Xinjiang agricultural machinery industry of implementing the import substitution strategy and export orientation strategy, building agricultural machinery industry base of Unimqi and Shihezi, improving industry organization structure, implementing the "combination'union and innovating the mechanism of subsidies of agricultural machinery.%新疆农业机械化在“十一·五”期间获得了长足发展,但仍存在结构不合理、发展不平衡等突出问题.新疆农业机械化发展对农机需求具有空间大、多样化、大型化、高性能、经济型等特征.从农机供给的品质、数量、价格等方面,探讨了新疆农机有效供给不足的困境,指出困境的原因是新疆农机工业组织结构不合理.提出实施进口替代战略和出口导向战略、重点打造乌鲁木齐和石河子农机产业基地、改善行业组织结构、推行“产学研”结合、创新农机补贴机制等加快新疆农机工业发展的战略思考.

  19. Agricultural Technology Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh. Agricultural Technology Education Section.

    Agricultural education programs available through North Carolina's newly created system of industrial education center, technical institutes, and community colleges are described. The information is for use by administrators, and teachers of adult agricultural courses and counselors of high school dropouts and graduates. It describes the need for…

  20. Innovation of Industrialization Organization Mode of Modern Agriculture from the Perspective of "Internet +"%“互联网+”视域下现代农业产业化组织模式创新研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秋海

    2016-01-01

    Industrialization organization mode of agricultural has the great influence on improvement of the economic efficiency of agriculture. The intensification of reform in the field of agriculture promotes the innovation of industrialization organization mode of agri⁃culture. Accompanied with the development of Internet, big data, cloud computing, IOT ( internet of things) and artificial intelligence and other new technologies, new services and new ecosystems,"Internet plus" is accelerating a new round of the innovation of industri⁃alization management model of agriculture. "Internet plus" will become a new trend in the convergence of agricultural industry. "Inter⁃net plus" is reshaping the way agricultural resources were allocated, reconstructing the combined mode of agricultural business entities, and promoting the transformation of agricultural development. Service-oriented agriculture will be an important way of developing Indus⁃trialization organization mode in agriculture in the future.%农业产业化组织模式关乎农业经济效益的提高,农业领域改革推动着农业产业化组织模式创新。随着移动互联网、大数据、云计算、物联网与人工智能等新技术、新业务和新生态的发展,“互联网+”正在加速推进新一轮农业产业化经营模式创新。“互联网+”将成为农业产业融合的新趋势,“互联网+”正在重塑农业资源的配置方式,重构农业经营主体的组合模式,推动农业发展方式转变,服务型农业将是未来农业产业化组织的重要发展方向。

  1. 基于钻石模型的湖南省农业产业集群分析%Analysis of Agricultural Industry Cluster in Hunan Province by Diamond Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭菁; 胡麦秀

    2011-01-01

    基于波特的钻石模型,从生产要素,需求状况,相关与辅助产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争等4个关键因素,及机会和政府行为2个辅助因素,对湖南省农业产业集群的现状进行了简述和相关分析,提出在当前大力推进现代化农业建设的背景下,湖南应大力发展农业产业集群,促进现代农业建设.%Based on Michael Porter's Diamond Model, the status quo of agricultural industry cluster in Hunan Province was reviewed and analyzed from four key factors (production factors, demand status, related and assistant industry,strategy and structure of enterprise and horizontal competition) and two assistant factors (opportunity and government behavior).It proposed that under the background of vigorously promoting modem agricultural construction at present,Hunan should greatly develop agricultural industry cluster and promote modem agricultural construction.

  2. 发展福建农产品物流产业集群的思考%Thoughts on the development of agricultural products logistics industry cluster in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴志文

    2015-01-01

    The development of agricultural industrial cluster in Fujian Province is at starting stage,so it is necessary to strengthen leading enterprises in the fields of agricultural products logistics and logistics industrial cluster.It is suggested in this paper that brand strategies should be implemented,agricultural cooperation and communication between Fujian and Taiwan should be deepened,and construction of agricultural seed breeding center and innovation base in Taiwan should be speeded up to facilitate sustainable development of agriculture.%福建农业产业集群的发展还刚刚起步,须重点打造、壮大农产品物流龙头企业及物流产业集群。要实施名牌战略,特别是要深化闽台农业合作与交流,加快台湾农业良种繁育中心和创新基地的建设,促进农业产业可持续发展。

  3. Construction on Agricultural Science and Technology Service System in the Trend of Industrial Integration Development%产业融合趋势下北京农业科技服务体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊红; 尹光红

    2014-01-01

    研究产业融合趋势下农业科技服务体系建设路径,对落实服务业引领现代农业发展战略,提高农业现代化水平和综合生产能力具有重要意义。调查研究结果显示,北京农业科技服务体系网络比较健全,但在体系管理、服务主体协同创新、基础设施建设等方面有不足,根据现代农业融合发展需要,应从加强组织领导、统筹协作、机制创新入手,建设公益性服务与经营性服务有机结合的新型农业科技服务体系。%Researching on the construction of agricultural science and technology service system under the trend of industri-al integration,implementing the service industry to lead the development of modern agriculture strategy,and improving the level of agricultural modernization and the comprehensive production capacity have the important meaning. Research shows, Beijing agricultural science and technology service system in the network is perfect,but in the management system,the main service collaborative innovation,infrastructure construction and other aspects are still insufficient. Facing the integra-tion development trend of the modern agriculture,efforts should be made to strengthen the organization and leadership,o-verall coordination,mechanism innovation system,new agricultural science and technology service system combined with services of public welfare service and market construction.

  4. 营养·健康·安全农产品产业前瞻%Future Prospects of Agricultural Products Industry with Nutrition, Health and Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荧荧; 何慕怡; 何美婷; 钟艳莉; 赖妙虹; 李育军

    2014-01-01

    In current society, under nutrition and over nutrition are prevalent, which not only reflect the waste of nutrient composition, but also show that poor eating habits have a negative impact on human health. In the paper, we firstly propose an agricultural products industry with nutrition, health and safety and its development goals, and then introduce the definition, theoretical basis and purpose of nutritional recipes for different populations, to guide living people having reasonable diets to meet their own needs in nutrients, thus make the users having good nutrition and balanced diets and make cooking convenient as well. In addition, we present new ideas of nutrition improvement and innovative methods on marketing strategy of nutritional, healthy and safe agricultural products in detail.%当前社会生活中,人们通过饮食所摄取的营养成分普遍存在过剩或者不足的营养失衡问题,这种现象既反映出营养成分的浪费,又表明不良的饮食习惯会对人体健康带来负面影响,因而,提出了一种营养健康安全农产品产业及其发展目标,介绍了营养配餐的定义、理论依据和意义,指导现代人在生活繁忙之中合理进行饮食搭配以符合自身营养素的需要,从而达成调整用户达到营养平衡的膳食结构以及方便其烹饪的目的,然后进一步阐述了营养提高新思路、创新此种农产品营销方式等,以供参考。

  5. Biotechnology Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Countries Growing GMO , 2007). Herbicide and insect resistance traits will continue to be pursued since 25% of food crops are lost each year to insect...daily lives from the clothing we wear, the fuel we use, the food we eat, and the medicines we take. From the earliest days, humans have used the...industry is very broad and includes health care, food , agriculture, industrial, and environmental industries. It is one of the fastest growing sciences

  6. 7 CFR 1220.112 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the soybean industry, and activities to... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.112 Industry information....

  7. 广东与越南农业产业合作研究%A Cooperation Study on Agricultural Industry between Guangdong and Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄霓

    2011-01-01

    经济发展水平以及自然资源禀赋的差异,使广东与越南之间的农业经济结构存在较为明显的互补性,产业合作和投资开发的潜力较大。广东与越南在以往的农林渔业合作方面虽已有一些基础,但比重不大,规模也较小。近年来,越南政府特别鼓励外资进入农林渔项目,制定了许多优惠政策,投资环境也日益优化。广东农业企业可以充分利用这个良好时机前往越南发展,加大投资和开发力度,利用我方资金技术优势和生产经营经验结合越南当地资源和劳动力优势在更大的范围内进行产业合作,尤其向高科技现代农林渔业及其产品加工业等领域扩展以延长产业链。通过加强产业%The agricultural economy structures of Guangdong and Vietnam are obviously complementary because of the discrepancies of economic development as well as natural conditions. This gives a great potential to the industrial cooperation and the investment deve

  8. Agriculture - reconciling ancient tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Atkinson

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making in agriculture has tended to be driven by factors other than environmental concerns. This may be changing, and perhaps the emphases of the two creation accounts in Genesis (responsible management or 'dominion', and active care may become more important. The paper examines a number of current developments in agriculture (synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic manipulation, and organic versus industrial methodologies and discusses the issues they raise for agricultural productivity and the human communities dependent on farming. The questions raised are complex; we are faced with establishing a new paradigm for agricultural practice.

  9. 76 FR 37312 - Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Notice of Reestablishment of the U.S. Department of... industry's needs. The Deputy Administrator of the Agricultural Marketing Service's Fruit and...

  10. 基于"钻石模型"的初级农业产业集群分析%The Industrial Cluster of the Primary Agriculture Based on “Diamond Model”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵天鹏; 刘相兵

    2011-01-01

    将集群划分为初级集群与高级集群,运用迈克尔·波特的"钻石模型",从生产要素,需求条件,相关产业和支持产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争,机会和政府5个方面,探讨了初级农业产业集群的现状及问题.最后提出相应的建议来促进初级农业产业集群的发展壮大:加强农民培训,引进先进科研成果;完善基础设施建设,创建品牌,拓宽筹资渠道;大力发展相关产业和支持产业:健全土地流转制度,提高组织化程度,培育龙头企业;加大政府对集群的扶持力度.%The status quo and problems of industrial cluster of the primary agriculture is disused by dividing the cluster into primary cluster and advanced cluster and by using Michael Porter' s Diamond Model from the five aspects of production factors, demand factors, relevant industry and supporting industry, the strategy and structure of enterprises and horizontal competition and opportunities and government. In the end, the countermeasures on promoting the development and expansion of industrial cluster of primary agriculture are put forward. Firstly, intensifying the training on farmers and introduce into advanced science and technology results; secondly, perfecting the construction of infrastructure, creating famous brand and widening the channels for funding; thirdly, strengthening the development of relevant industries and supporting industries; fourthly, perfecting land transfer system; improving the degree of systematization and cultivating pillar industries; fifthly,intensifying the government' support on industrial cluster.

  11. A Study on the Mechanism of Emission Trading between Industrial Point Pollution and Agriculture Non-Point Pollution%工业点源-农业面源排污权交易的机制创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王奇; 王会; 陈海丹; 詹贤达

    2011-01-01

    Agriculture non-point pollution has been one of the most important sources of the water pollution in China.Compared with industrial point pollution, the emission reduction cost of agriculture non-point pollution is lower, which make the emission trade feasible. First, the characteristics of agriculture non-point pollution were recognized as that agriculture non-point pollution had many sources, uncertainty in occurring, difficulty to supervise. Then, two emission trade mechanisms had been built, one of which was that farmers changed production behavior uniformly and the other was that industrial point pollution built public pollution eliminating infrastructures. Finally, some key problem in the emission trading between industrial point pollution and agriculture non-point pollution were discussed.%当前,农业面源污染已经成为我国水环境污染的主要来源.相比较于大型工业点源,农业面源污染减排成本较低的状况为二者进行排污权交易提供了有利条件.在分析面源污染具有涉及个体多、发生不确定性强、减排结果监测困难等特征的基础上,提出了工业点源与农业面源排污权交易的两种机制:基于污染产生的"农户统一行动交易机制"和基于污染治理的"农业公共治理设施建设交易机制".最后,针对工业点源-农业面源排污权交易中存在的一些问题进行了初步探讨.

  12. The size estimation of the informal lending support of agricultural industry in China%非正规借贷对我国农业产业发展的支持规模估算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳淑平; 王济民

    2016-01-01

    With the fast development of agricultural industry, the informal lending plays a very important role in developing countries because of the poor performances of the formal lending agencies in agricultural industry. Based on survey data and applying the method of demand, this paper analyzed the informal lending situations of agricultural industry operators (farmers, the rural small and medium-sized enterprises and organizations) as well as the contribution rate of the borrowing money. Results show that the total amount and the market share of the informal lending have increased annually, and the loan amount reached over 2 trillion yuan and the market share exceeded 70%in 2012 with an over 10%annual growth rate. Although individual farmers are the main borrowers of the informal loan, the small and medium sized enterprises are borrowing more and more money from the informal lending agencies. In addition, this paper also found that the contribution rate of informal lending in agricultural industry has been decreasing in recent years. In order to regulate the informal agricultural lending and to improve the level of ifnancing in agriculture, this paper suggests:1) to recognize the importance of the informal agricultural lending and formulate some guiding and managing policies;2) to strengthen ifnancing ability of agricultural industry and use ifnance funds to incentivize agricultural loans;and 3) to adjust the priority of loans to provide more supports for the small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises.%在大力发展现代农业的背景下,发展中国家从事农业产业活动所获取的正规借贷严重匮乏,非正规借贷起着非常重要的作用。基于大样本调查数据,运用主体需求法,分析农业产业经营主体(农户、农村中小企业及组织)从事农业产业活动获取非正规借贷情况,探讨农业产业单位借贷资金的贡献度。结果表明,农业产业非正规借贷融资总量以及占其正规

  13. Thoughts on the Promotion of Development of Agriculture Machinery Industry in Jiangsu Province%江苏省农机装备工业发展战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠清

    2012-01-01

    The agricultural machinery industry in Jiangsu Province is a traditional advantageous industry and leading industry in machinery equipment industry in Jiangsu. During the eleventh-five-year plan, agricultural machinery equipment industry developed rapidly and its ratio in national industry increased. Many competitive companies formed several machinery production centers. In the meantime, there were several problems such as low RCA index, unreasonable ration of agricultural power and machinery in industrial structure and low economic outcome, etc. Therefore, it was proposed to strengthen financial subsidy and credit support for machinery industry, to promote the development of socialization service of machinery industry and low-carbon machinery, to establish scientific and technological insurance system based on technology development and promotion and to strengthen machinery merge and quicken machinery development in weak link.%江苏省农机装备工业是江苏机械装备工业的传统优势产业及主导产业.“十一五”期间,江苏省农机装备工业发展迅速,在全国行业中的比重全面回升,涌现出了一批具有较强竞争实力的企业群体并形成了若干个农机产品生产集聚区.同时,也出现了如农机工业RCA指数仍然偏低、产品结构中农用动力与农机具的比例不合理以及经济效益偏低等问题.因此,提出了加大对农机工业的财政补贴和信贷扶持、推进农机工业社会化服务体系建设及低碳农机的发展、建立技术开发和技术推广为主要内容的科技保障体系、加强农机农艺融合并加快推进薄弱环节机械化发展的战略规划.

  14. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model%基于GEM模型的湖北省农业产业集群竞争力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德刚

    2012-01-01

    Firstly,this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then,it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei province has superior geographical location,rich natural resources,abundant human resources,diversified capital sources,and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises,agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province,organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved,and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market,the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures for improving the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.%概述了农业产业集群和GEM模型的内涵,基于GEM模型,从基础、企业、市场3个方面对湖北省农业产业集群竞争力进行了具体分析.结果表明,在基础方面,湖北省地理位置优越,自然资源丰富,人力资源充足,资金来源多样化,硬件设施和软件设施都在不断完善;企业方面,湖北省农业供应商(农户)相对分散,相关企业组织化程度正在不断提高,企业的结构与战略不断创新;市场方面,湖北省农产品本地市场竞争激烈,外部市场开拓难度大.提出了提升湖北省农业产业集群竞争力的对策建议,一是建设农业产业园,培育重点龙头企业;二是加强各项创新管理;三是加大资金扶持力度.

  15. 陕西省农业产业链融资存在的问题及对策研究%The Problems and Countermeasures of Agricultural Industry Chain Financing in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁梁

    2016-01-01

    农业在陕西省经济发展中处于基础性地位,但随着农业产业化的进程,农业融资面临瓶颈。农业产业链融资是一种新型融资方式,能将整条产业链看作一条信誉链,产业链上企业之间信誉共享,金融机构通过重点考察产业链和核心企业,从而解决链条上广大中小企业和农户的融资难题。陕西省的农业产业链融资为农村经济的发展作出了一定的贡献,但龙头企业整体实力不强、金融机构信贷风险增加和法律法规不健全等因素制约了农业产业链融资的进一步发展。未来应着重发展壮大龙头企业、发挥金融机构的支撑作用并健全相应的法律法规。%Agriculture is at the fundamental status in Shaanxi Province’ s economic development, but with the process of indus⁃trialization of agriculture, agricultural finance is facing a bottleneck. Agricultural industry chain financing is a new and innovative fi⁃nancing model. The whole industry chain can be seen as a reputable chain. Reputation is shared between the industry chain enterpri⁃ses, financial institutions, and by the emphasis on the industrial chain core business, so as to solve the chain of medium and small enterprises and farmers of financing difficulties. Shaanxi Province agricultural industry chain financing for rural economic develop⁃ment has made some contribution, but the overall weak point is only a few strong enterprises, financial institutions credit risk increa⁃ses and improve laws and regulations problems. In future, we must focus on the development and expansion of enterprises, financial institutions should play a supporting role and improve relevant laws and regulations.

  16. Building Core Food Area and Developing Agricultural Industrialization in Henan Province%河南省粮食核心区建设与农业产业化发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永东

    2011-01-01

    The building of national core food area is one major strategic choice made by our government to cope with the increasing uncertainty in the global food market and national food security issues,which provides opportunities for promoting the industrialization process of agriculture in Henan Province."National Food Program for building the core area of Henan Province" puts forward the basic ideas,goals and measures concerning how to implement the building of the core food area for Henan province.This paper discusses the status of the agricultural industrialization in Henan Province and analyzes the internal mechanism of bidirectional optimization between the building of core food area and agricultural industrialization.Then,based on two specific case studies on agricultural industrialization and the corresponding facts,it puts forward some policy recommendations about building the core food area to promote the process of agricultural industrialization.%粮食核心区建设是国家针对全球粮食市场不确定因素增加和国家粮食安全问题作出的重大战略选择,这为河南省推进农业产业化进程提供了机遇。《国家粮食核心区建设河南省规划纲要》对河南如何实施粮食核心区建设提出了基本思路、目标和措施。探讨河南省农业产业化的现状,分析实现粮食核心区建设与农业产业化双向优化的内在机制,具体研究两个农业产业化的企业案例,并根据事实提出通过粮食核心区建设推进农业产业化进程的决策建议。

  17. Security Guarantee of Agriculture Industry Based on the Improvement of Cooperative Legal Institution%基于完善农民专业合作社法律制度的农业产业安全保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜文骄; 任大鹏

    2011-01-01

    对我国当前几种农业经营模式对产业安全的影响进行了分析,重点介绍了农民专业合作社在保障农业产业安全中的作用,主要有:组织化程度提高对产业安全的促进作用;通过合作社组织形成规模经济对产业安全的推动作用;合作社要素配置能力可以实现资源的充分利用;通过合作社完善产业链条从而保障产业安全.分析了目前我国农民专业合作社的发展困境:组织规模小、经济效益不高、组织运行不规范,表明制度缺失是造成困境的主要原因,提出了完善中关于联合社制度的建议,以期更好地保障农业产业安全.%Current status of several management models of the agriculture industry is introduced, as well as its impacts on industrial security. The management models are mainly the enterprise - like operation model, "enterprise + peasant household" model, small-scale peasants' operation model, and peasant specialized cooperative model. Functions of peasant specialized cooperative in ensuring the security of agriculture industry are introduced, which are enhancing the industrial security by organization degree, promoting the industrial security by scale economy formed by cooperative organizations, fully utilizing the resources by the factor allocation capability, and ensuring the industrial security by industrial chain improvement. Development predicaments of the peasant specialized cooperative at present are analyzed, such as small scale, poor economic benefits, and non-standard operation. Analysis shows that institutional absence is the main reason causing these predicaments. And suggestions on improving the cooperatives system in the law of the People's Republic of China on Peasants Specialized Cooperatives are put forward, in order to better ensure the security of agriculture industry

  18. 基于SCP范式的农产品加工产业组织研究:综述与拓展%RESEARCH ON THE INDUSTRY ORGANIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT PROCESSING BASED ON SCP MODEL: REVIEW AND EXPANSION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁华; 郑彪; 蔡艳艳

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the application of the SCP paradigm and organization theory in in agricultural product processing industry. It believes that there are little literature about the use of the SCP paradigm in agricultural product processing industry and little research has been conducted into the relationship between S, C, P in the agro-processing industry and there is even inadequate empirical analysis of market performance home and abroad. Of the literature of the use of organization theory in the agro-processing industry, the meth- ods of research on optimizing the agro-processing industrial organization are identical with very little innovation. The paper puts forward the orientation of expansion for the research on agro-processing industrial organization based on the SCP Paradigm.%分析了SCP范式和组织理论在农产品加工业的应用情况,认为国内外关于SCP范式在农产品加工产业中的应用的文献,对农产品加工产业S、C、P之间关系的研究较少,对市场绩效的实证分析不够;国内外关于组织理论在农产品加工产业中的应用的文献,对农产品加工产业组织优化的研究方法雷同,创新太少。提出了基于SCP范式的农产品加工产业组织研究的拓展方向。

  19. Importance and Capability of Teaching Agricultural Mechanics as Perceived by Secondary Agricultural Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shultz, Matthew J.; Anderson, Ryan G.; Shultz, Alyx M.; Paulsen, Thomas H.

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural mechanics instruction is a long-standing and significant part of secondary agricultural education. Similar to the broader agricultural industry, agricultural mechanics instruction is in a constant state of dynamic change. Educators must be proactive to ensure agricultural mechanics curriculum retains its relevance within this changing…

  20. Fontes de fósforo (fluida ou sólida na produtividade agrícola e industrial da cana-de-açúcar Effects of phosphorus sources (liquid or solid on agricultural and industrial sugarcane yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaspar Henrique Korndörfer

    2009-02-01

    two fertilizers (superphosphates were applied in the granulated form and the last ones in the liquid form. The phosphorus fertilizers were applied on the furrow just before planting. The results allowed concluding that there was no difference between solid and liquid form in the agricultural and industrial productivity. After the third cut, the Agronomic Efficiency Index showed that phosphates source reduced in the following order: single superphosphate (110% > triple superphosphate (100% > phosphoric acid (73% > phosphoric acid + rock phosphate (48%.

  1. Structural Adjustment of Oasis Agriculture in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Jun; Zhang Xiaolei

    2005-01-01

    Xinjiang's oasis agriculture has made enormous strides over past decades. Structural adjustment of oasis agriculture sector has promoted production diversification. Xinjiang's oasis agriculture sector is entering a new era. The era means more adjustments in oasis agricultural and rural economic structure so as to realize the sustainable development of agriculture. By summing and analyzing the main problems in Xinjinag's oasis agricultural structure,such as raising farmer's income, industry structure within agriculture, rural urbanization, pressure coming from market, agricultural environment degradation,puts forward the thinking, director and countermeasures to adjust oasis agricultural structure.

  2. Theme: Teaching the Science of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutphin, Dean; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Discusses bridging the gap between agricultural and science education; involving the science department in animal science classes; working with industry to improve educational programs; integrating science and agriculture; improving scientific literacy through an agriscience curriculum; and industry's role in developing science-based agriculture.…

  3. Study on Development Issues of Distinctive Agriculture of West China from the Perspective of Industrial Chain: A Case of Apple Industry of Shaanxi%产业链视角下的西部地区特色农业发展研究——以陕西苹果为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会新; 高超

    2012-01-01

    西部地区农业资源丰富,特色农业是西部特色经济发展的必由之路,但西部农业资源优势远没有形成经济优势.陕西苹果是西部特色农业之一,尽管具有一些显著优势,但在品种结构、采后处理、产业化水平、资金投入、标准化生产以及销售方式方面仍存在着不足.针对这些问题的对策建议主要包括:优化产业布局和品种结构;强化产后处理能力;加大科技、资金和管理投入;加大产品营销力度,塑造品牌形象,进一步提高陕西苹果的产业化经营水平.%Western China is rich in agricultural resource, and characteristic agriculture is critical to development of characteristic economy of the west; however, advantage of resource of western agriculture has not so far been converted to advantage of economy. Apple industry of Shaanxi is one of characteristic agriculture of the west, on the one side, there are some featured advantages, on the other side, there are some disadvantages, such as, on breed structure, processing after gathering, industrialization operations, fund input, standardized production and sales mode. Suggestions for these problems mainly include optimizing industrial layout and breed structure, enhancing capability of processing after gathering, increasing input of technology, fund and management, and improving product marketing and branding, to further improve level of industrialization operation of apple industry of Shaanxi.

  4. 基于钻石模型的皖北农业集群式发展研究%Development of Agriculture Industry Cluster Based on the Diamond Model in the North of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玮

    2014-01-01

    农业是皖北地区的支柱性产业,目前仍处于农业发展的初级阶段。皖北地区农业生产和管理分散,经济效益没有达到最大化。借鉴Porter的“钻石模型”,对皖北农业集聚的生产要素条件,需求条件,相关及支持产业,企业的战略、结构及竞争对手,机会及政府行为等进行分析,皖北地区要形成具有特色的农业集聚区,应建设农业工业园区,高效利用生产要素;大力发展上下游企业,树立区域品牌;优化农业组织结构,培育龙头企业;加速城镇化发展,刺激国内外需求;完善政府支持体系,创造农业发展机遇。%Though agriculture is the pillar industry in the north of Anhui province, it is still at the primary development stage. The maxi-mum economic benefit has not been achieved as the agricultural production and management are decentralized. Porter's Diamond Model is used to analyze the factor conditions;demand conditions;related and supporting industries;firm strategy, structure and rivalry;chance;and the government in the region. In order to form a distinctive agriculture industry cluster, the government should build agro-industrial parks to use the factor conditions efficiently, develop upstream and downstream enterprises to establish the regional brand, optimize the agricul-tural structure to cultivate leading enterprises, accelerate the urbanization process to stimulate the domestic demand, and improve the gov-ernment supporting system to create development opportunities for agriculture.

  5. A Study of the Aquaculture Industry in Texas to Assist in Establishing Aquaculture as a Course Offering in Agricultural Science and Technology. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillingham, John; And Others

    A 1989-90 project determined the knowledge and skills necessary for employment in the aquaculture industry. The study identified technical materials and other resources available in private industry and higher education institutions. Two surveys determined the status of aquaculture in Texas school districts and identified tasks performed by…

  6. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics.

  7. 县域农业主导产业结构生态适宜性评价及其发展预测%Eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure: Assessment and development prediction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王梁; 朱利群; 张四伟; 张沛琪; 徐敏轮; 卞新民

    2012-01-01

    基于生态适宜性“三基点”理论,采用动态赋权和拟合的方法,建立县域农业主导产业结构生态适宜性评价指标体系,并以山东省章丘市为例,对其县域农业主导产业结构生态适宜性进行评价.结果表明:在有限的农业生态资源下,2005-2010年,章丘市4种农业主导产业的生态适宜性综合指数呈上升趋势;2011-2015年,则呈下降趋势,其中,2015年油料作物和水果的生态适宜性综合指数出现负值.对章丘市的应用研究证实了本文提出的县域农业主导产业结构生态适宜性评价方法的有效性及预测模型的合理性.%Based on the ' three critical points' theory of eco-fitness, and by using dynamic weighting and fitting methods, an assessment system for the eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure was constructed, and, taking Zhangqiu of Shandong Province, East China as a case, the eco-fitness of county-level agricultural leading industry structure was assessed and predicted. Due to the limited agro-ecological resources, the comprehensive eco-fitness index of four kinds of agricultural leading industry in Zhangqiu presented an upward trend from 2005 to 2010, but a downward trend from 2011 to 2015. The eco-fitness indices of oil crops and fruits would be negative in 2015. The applied research in Zhangqiu confirmed the validity of the assessment system constructed for the eco-fitness of county-level agriculture leading industry structure and the rationality of the prediction model.

  8. 农业产业化中的农村非正式组织与农民合作研究%Study on the Rural Informal Organizations and Peasants Cooperation in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧

    2011-01-01

    从非正式组织的产生背景出发,借助管理学对农村非正式组织的产生及其与农民合作的关系进行了分析,对如何促进农业产业化中的农民合作进行了讨论.%The formation of rural informal organizations and its relationship with peasants cooperation were analyzed by the principles of management from the formation background of informal organizations, and then the ways to promote peasants cooperation in agricultural industrialization were discussed.

  9. 鄱阳湖生态经济区农业优势产业布局研究%Distribution of Agricultural Advantage Industries in Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧一智; 张飞

    2011-01-01

    Poyang lake ecological economic zone (PLEEZ) is the most important agricultural production area in Jiangxi province. Analyzing the advantages of regional agriculture will provide reference for policy making in developing effective ecological agriculture in this area, An analysis of agriculture, crop production, animal production and fishing industries in PLEEZ by using LQ reveals that its crop production, animal husbandry and fishery enjoy comparative advantages in the whole province; except in Nanchang, Jiujiang, and Yingtan, the agriculture of most counties boasts comparative advantage in the whole province. Moreover, within PLEEZ, the advantage industries in the counties are also revealed in the analysis. Based on the result of LQ and combining the agricultural industry basis and development situation of this area, we come up with a distribution of agricultural advantage industries in PLEEZ, namely, crop production ( including high - quality crop, oil-bearing crop, cotton and vegetable production base ), forestry ( including fruit and tea leaf production base), animal production (swine, beef cattle and water fowl production base), and fishery. Finally, some countermeasures are given.%鄱阳湖生态经济区是江西省最重要的农产品产区,分析区域农业产业优势可为鄱阳湖生态经济区区域农业产业结构调整和相关政策制定提供参考。利用区位法(LQ)对鄱阳湖生态经济区农业及内部各行业(种植业、牧业、林业和渔业)进行分析,结果表明,鄱阳湖生态经济区种植业、牧业、渔业在全省范围内具有比较优势,除南昌、九江、鹰潭3个市区外,大部分县(市、区)的农业在全省范围内具有比较优势;以鄱阳湖生态经济区为背景区域,通过区位商比较阐明了鄱阳湖生态经济区各个县(市、区)农业优势所在。根据农业区位商的结果,结合鄱阳湖生态经济区区域农业产业基

  10. Rethinking the Role of Agriculture and Agro-Industry in the Economic Development of Thailand: Input-Output and CGE Analyses (Ph.D. Dissertation)

    OpenAIRE

    Thaiprasert, Nalitra

    2006-01-01

    Thailand’s economic development has been quite successful in terms of achieving high growth rate and reasonable per capita income. The country’s economic performance in terms of the transformation of production and exports are tending toward the normal pattern of increasing share of manufactured products. However, the major problems Thailand is still facing are the late reduction of its agricultural labor force, inequality that has occurred as a result of the development process, and problems...

  11. An Outlook on Agricultural Modernization Path with Chinese Characteristics from Scale Agricultural Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanjiang; WANG

    2015-01-01

    First of all,this paper discusses the scale agricultural operation of China from the aspects of practical exploration and rational thinking. Later,it puts forward the concept of further promoting scale agricultural operation according to the present conditions of China,which includes encouraging large household pattern and scale breeding,developing various forms of socialized agricultural services,promoting agriculture industrialization,accelerating regional distribution of advantageous agricultural products and promoting the progress in agricultural science and technology comprehensively.

  12. 安徽省农业主导产业新型职业农民需求数量目标预测%Prediction of the Demand in New Type of Specialty Farmer in Agriculture Leading Industry in Anhui

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚言华; 李军; 魏青松; 韩家友

    2016-01-01

    在我国农业兼业化、农民老年化、农村空心化问题日益突出,新型职业农民培育的制约因素明显增加的背景下,基于安徽省农业资源现状,从安徽省城镇化发展水平、劳动力就业和人口发展趋势、农业产业发展及人才需求情况、农户家庭规模经营现状、农业社会化服务发展趋势等角度进行可行性论证,以安徽省委省政府及有关部门公布的决定、规划和相关数据为基准,分产业、分类型对安徽省新型职业农民需求数量进行分析预测,以期为相关研究提供借鉴。%In the background that the development of agricultural industrialization, aging farmers and few farmers in rural was becoming promi-nent and the factors limiting new type of specialty farmer-cultivating was significantly increasing in China, based on the status of agricultural re-sources in Anhui Province the feasibility in the development of new type of specialty farmer was analyzed from the viewpoint of the development level of urbanization, population and labor force market, agricultural industry and its demand in special talent, the status of farmer family size and its business, social service in agricultural production.The prediction and analysis of the demand in new type of specialty farmer in Anhui ac-cording to industry and classification were done based on the policies and data announced by Anhui Provincial Government and relevant depart-ments, which could provide the reference for related research.

  13. 绿色农产品产业生态补偿主体的博弈分析%Game Analysis on Subject of Eco-Compensation in Green Agriculture Products Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨顺顺; 宋春艳; 谢瑾岚

    2012-01-01

    Eco-compensation is necessary for the development of green agriculture product industry in China. In this paper, a game model is built to analyze the relationship and game behaviors among the government, producer and consumer during the supply and demand process of green agriculture products. Both of the pure strategy equilibrium condition and mixed Nash equilibrium condition are analyzed by the model. And the study finds that eco-compensation dominated by government is the most important way to balance the supply and demand of green agricultural product market at the present stage. Besides, the related policy suggestions based on the conclusions above are given in this paper.%评述对我国绿色农产品产业实施生态补偿的必要性,建立博弈模型,分析绿色农产品供需过程中政府、生产方、消费者的相互关系和博弈行为,得到实现纯战略和混合战略纳什均衡的条件,认为现阶段实行政府主导的生态补偿机制是稳定绿色农产品市场供需关系的重要手段.根据分析结论给出相关政策建议.

  14. Capital loss in China's agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Peng

    2004-01-01

    China's agriculture has contributed a lot to industrialization but it has suffered a long-run and severe capital loss.This paper provides an estimation model of capital loss in agriculture and gives some explanation in marginal approach.With an eye to a balanced and sustainable economy development, it is high time for government to do something for it.

  15. 循环农业产业链的运行规律及动力机制研究%Study on the Circular Agriculture Industry Chain Connotation, Operation Rule and the Dynamic Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周颖; 尹昌斌; 张继承

    2012-01-01

    以循环农业模式体系构成研究为切入点,首先系统地阐述了循环农业产业链的内涵及空间结构,总结循环农业产业链的三种网络形式及特征;其次,探寻纵向闭合产业链条内的产业关联及链条结构,提出了循环农业产业链由外循环及内循环两条物质循环路径流程构成;再次,结合国内相关研究成果,以及循环农业体系产业创新与价值增值的特点,提出推动循环农业产业链的动力机制包括:以价格机制、竞争机制为核心的内源动力机制,以及以政策制度、技术创新、市场建设、人才培养为重点的外源动力机制.%This paper thought the circulating agricultural model system as the point of a study. Firstly, it systematically summarized the connotation and space structure of circular agricultural industry chain (CAIC), summing up the three network forms and characteristics of CAIC. Secondly, it explored the industry association and the chain structure of the longitudinal closed industry chains and putting forward the composition of the two cycle path of CAIC including the circulation and inner circulation. Finally, it combined with the relevant research results and the characteristics of agriculture system innovation and the value added of industry, concluding the related research results and promoting the CAIC operation of the power system including: to the price mechanism, competition system as the core of the internal power mechanism, and to policy system, technology innovation, market development, talent cultivation for the focus of the exogenous dynamic mechanism.

  16. Towards Improved Industrial Relations of Employees in Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute: The Case of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemechu Shale Ogato

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Industrial relations cover all such relationships that a business enterprise maintains with various sections of the society such as workers, state customers, and public who come into its contact. In other words, it is the study of the interactions among industry, its employees and the governments that oversee them. The general objective of the study is to assess the industrial relations of employees of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center (APPRC and propose strategic measures for its improvement. The study employed comprehensive data collection methods whereby both secondary and primary methods of data collection methods were employed to address the objectives of the study.  Data collected through structured questionnaire were analyzed with the help of simple descriptive statistics like frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics with the help of SPSS software (version 20.  Promoting good governance and democracy, creating favorable working environment for employees and environment of good will and mutual cooperation, responding to employees’ reported problems promptly and positively; provision of trainings to employees on strategic issues and solutions; and encouraging employees to use modern technologies like ICTs in service delivery are some of the strategic measures proposed to improve the industrial relations of employees of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center.

  17. 7 CFR 1215.8 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of new markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the popcorn industry, or... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions §...

  18. 7 CFR 1260.125 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets, marketing strategies, increased efficiency, and activities to enhance the image of the cattle industry....

  19. The Comparison of the System Reform between Forest Land and Agricultural Land:the Perspective of Industry Characteristics%林地与农地制度变革的比较:产业特性的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张自强; 高岚

    2013-01-01

    土地制度改革一直是关系农村发展及社会稳定的重大问题。本文从产业特性的差异出发,对改革开放后林地与农地制度改革路径中的制度安排与改革影响进行了比较,认为制度安排具有与产业特性相容的内在诉求,由于产业特性差异,林地制度对农地制度的简单复制难以凑效且不可持续,深化集体林权制度改革需要重视对林业特征的考察。%The reform of land institutions is an important issue which always relates to rural development and social stability. Based on the differences of industry characteristics, this paper compares the institutional arrangements and inference of reform in the reform path of forest land system and agricultural land system after the reform and opening up. There is an internal demand that institutional arrangements are appropriate to industry characteristics. It’s ineffective and unsustainable for Forest land system because of the difference of industry characteristics if it simple copies agricultural land system,. Therefore, it’s necessary for deepening the collective forest tenure reform to inspect Forestry characteristics.

  20. COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION: THE ROLE OF NON ABSORPTIVE INTERMEDIARY ACTORS. THE CASE OF INDUSTRIAL HEMP AND FLAX SECTORS IN FRANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Caron, Pauline; Barbier, Marc,

    2010-01-01

    N° ISBN - 978-2-7380-1284-5; International audience; Industrial hemp and flax have many uses (paper for hemp, textile for flax, but also fibre incorporation in biocomposites or lime blocks). They are facing great technological expectations with the "Green Future" objectives, both because of sustainable end-uses of hemp and flax and because of their respective sustainable cropping properties. With more than 8000 ha of hemp and 80 000 ha of flax cultivated, France is the biggest European produc...

  1. Route Analysis of Vocational Education Connection under the Background of Agricultural Industry Transformation and Upgrading in Zhejiang%浙江省农业产业转型升级背景下的职业教育对接路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴业东

    2012-01-01

    分析了浙江省农业产业转型升级的模式,以及农业产业与职业教育对接的机理,进而提出对接路径,强调涉农院校应立足于职业教育与产业的对接和融合,在农业产业链提升的过程中进行专业建设、中高职的合理衔接,加快进行体制和机制创新,加快进行产教结合和校企合作,为区域农业产业发展培养复合型、高素质技能型人才.%The transformation and upgrading mode of agricultural industry in Zhejiang Province was analyzed, as well as agricultural industry and vocational education connection mechanism, the connection pathway was put forward. Agricultural colleges should focus on connection between vocational education and industry. During agriculture industry chain upgrading process, specialty construction and vocational education should be reasonably connected, mechanism innovation, collaboration between college and enterprise should be speeded, which will culture compound, high-quality talents for regional agricultural industry development.

  2. Evaluation of cluster development level of agriculture products processing industrial park%农产品加工产业园区聚集水平的发展评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧媛; 郭雪霞; 刘瑜; 冉国伟; 王国扣; 王海

    2016-01-01

    for agro-processing industrial parks in China. It finds that regions with high level of clustering are more privileged in terms of industrial resources or labor resources, more committed to investing in science, technology and technical innovation, and more capable in management and resource integration. Besides, they can properly extend the industrial chain to attract large-scale or leading companies, create favorable conditions for production and financing, and offer convenient services in transportation, technology and information. With reduced transaction cost and better productivity, the companies in the industrial parks can increase main business income and profits. The study notes that development of clustering in industrial parks will need to be put into the context of national fundamentals, tap the potential of local advantages, and be aligned with development of agro-processing industry. Efforts are needed to develop master plan for agro-processing parks, set up and enforce industrial standard, squarely implement preferential policies on taxation, water and power, provide more support in financing, commit to technology development and technical innovation, cultivate brand for leading companies, and set up role models to showcase good practices, in order to facilitate cluster-based development. Government shall create platform for services and regulation, focusing on early warning and surveillance. Several policy recommendations are put forward in the study as follows:advocate differentiated pattern of development (agricultural science and technology, agro-tourism, experience and sightseeing, etc), explore multiple functions of industrial parks, create new sources of employment and income for farmers, promote integration of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and boost innovative, balanced, green, open and shared development of the industry. The study provides reference for peer agencies, public organizations, companies and relevant researchers

  3. Potential use of a chemical leaching reject from a kaolin industry as agricultural fertilizer Uso potencial do resíduo químico lixiviado duma indústria de caulim como adubo de terras agrícolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Rodrigues Ribeiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The industrial refining of kaolin involves the removal of iron oxides and hydroxides along with other impurities that cause discoloration of the final product and depreciate its commercial value, particularly undesirable if destined to the paper industry. The chemical leaching in the industrial processing requires treatments with sodium hyposulfite, metallic zinc, or sulfuric and phosphoric acids, in order to reduce, dissolve and remove ferruginous compounds. To mitigate the environmental impact, the acidic effluent from the leaching process must be neutralized, usually with calcium oxide. The resulting solid residue contains phosphorous, zinc, and calcium, among other essential nutrients for plant growth, suggesting its use as a macro and micronutrient source. Samples of such a solid industrial residue were used here to evaluate their potential as soil fertilizer in an incubation greenhouse experiment with two soil samples (clayey and medium-textured. The small pH shift generated by applying the residue to the soil was not a limiting factor for its use in agriculture. The evolution of the concentrations of exchangeable calcium, and phosphorous and zinc extractability by Mehlich-1 extractant during the incubation period confirms the potential use of this industrial residue as agricultural fertilizer.O beneficiamento industrial do caulim envolve a remoção de óxidos e hidróxidos de ferro e outras impurezas, que conferem coloração indesejável ao produto final e depreciam seu valor comercial, particularmente se destinado à indústria de papel. A lixiviação química, na linha de processamento industrial, pode ser feita com tratamentos com hipossulfito de sódio, zinco metálico e ácidos sulfúrico e fosfórico, para redução, solubilização e remoção de compostos ferruginosos. A fim de minimizar o impacto ambiental, o efluente ácido, procedente da etapa de lixiviação, deve ser inicialmente neutralizado, usualmente por óxido de c

  4. Titanium in UK rural, agricultural and urban/industrial rivers: geogenic and anthropogenic colloidal/sub-colloidal sources and the significance of within-river retention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neal, Colin; Jarvie, Helen; Rowland, Philip; Lawler, Alan; Sleep, Darren; Scholefield, Paul

    2011-04-15

    Operationally defined dissolved Titanium [Ti] (the ultrafiltration revealed that up to 79% of the [Ti] was colloidal/nanoparticulate (>1kDa i.e. >c. 1-2nm) for the rural areas, but as low as 28% for the urban/industrial rivers. This raises fundamental issues of the pollutant inputs of Ti, with the possibility of significant complexation of Ti in the sewage effluents and subsequent breakdown within the rivers, as well as the physical dispersion of fine colloids down to the macro-molecular scale. Although not directly measured, the particulate Ti can make an important contribution to the net Ti flux.

  5. Research on the Competition Degree and Competition Strategy of China’s Processing Industries of Agricultural Products Based on the Potter Model——Taking "LaoGanMa" as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using Porter’s Five Forces Model,and from 5 aspects of individual farmer,purchaser,new entrant,substitute and the enterprise of the same trade,I analyze the leading enterprise in Guizhou Province-LaoGanMa,so as to reveal the commonality and particularity reflected from the competition degree of LaoGanMa as follows:LaoGanMa has absolute dominance over material purchase;the purchasers’ recognition on the quality of LaoGanMa,bearing capacity of sales price and habitual consumption allay consumers’ ability to bargain;as for the problems of substitutes,the threat of new entrants and competition of the same trading,LaoGanMa has not done enough.The thesis formulates the competitive strategy conducive to development,like differentiation strategy,Cost-leadership strategy and brand strategy,in order to promote the development of processing industries of agricultural products.

  6. Aerosol, trace elements and visibility measurements in mountainous terrain. [Relationships between aerosols, trace elements, and visibility in mountainous terrain and air pollutants from industrial, urban, agricultural, and transportation sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orgill, M M; Laulainen, N S; Drewes, D R; Lee, R N

    1979-01-01

    A report is presented on an initial effort to collect data on the relationships between aerosols, trace elements, and visibility in mountainous terrain and air pollutants from existing industrial, urban, agricultural and transportation sources in the Pacific Northwest states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Data were obtained by airborne instruments. Twelve samping flights provided data on scattering extinction coefficient, trace elements, sulfate, and ozone during relatively good (approx. 25 km) prevailing visibility conditions. Over 80% of the sample flights indicated that the meteorological range was 20 km or more. Four or five of the sampling flights indicated the presence of visibility reducing haze. Relatively higher concentrations of certain crustal and anthropogenic trace elements and sulfate (associated with high relative humidities) resulted in degradation of meteorological range in the foothills of Cascades, Snoqualmie Pass and Kittitas Valley and Columbia River Gorge. These 12 sampling flights are not representative of the wide range of visual conditions that can exist in mountainous regions.

  7. Urban Agriculture:The Major Direction of Future Agricultural Development in Huainan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Xing-ying

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the concept of urban agriculture, this paper analyses the necessity of developing urban agriculture in Huainan City as follows: it is the need of transformation and upgrading of agricultural industry; it is the need of development of urban-rural integration; it is the need of sustainable urban development; it is the need of solving the issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers effectively. Then this paper analyses the endowment of developing urban agriculture in Huainan City. And finally the basic conception in industrial form and spatial framework is put forward, to develop urban agriculture in Huainan City.

  8. Exploration on transformation and development path of characteristic agricultural industry resource based villages%特色农业产业资源型村庄的转型发展路径探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建玲; 朱亚楠

    2016-01-01

    Under the macroscopic background of beautiful countryside construction and rural tourism development,according to the target of Huanghua Dongjuguan village construction of Chinese tribute date culture first village and national leisure agriculture demonstration village,ac-tively explored the methods of characteristic agricultural industry resources village transformation and development,put forward the regional tourism sector linkage,tourism theme space design and implementation the mechanism three development paths.%在美丽乡村建设与乡村旅游发展的宏观背景下,针对黄骅市东聚馆村构建中国贡枣文化第一村和全国休闲农业示范村的目标,积极探索了特色农业产业资源型村庄转型发展的方法,提出了区域旅游板块联动、旅游主题空间设计和实施运营机制三大发展路径。

  9. [Musculoskeletal disorders in agriculture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, Christophe; Tourne, Mathias

    2007-06-15

    Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major area of concern in the occupational world. The agricultural industry is particularly affected: 93 percent of occupational diseases in agriculture are MSD. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs in one third of the cases. Shoulder is the second most common location. The most affected occupational areas are meat production, viticulture, market gardening, horticulture and small animal farming. This MSD phenomenon, of multifactorial origin, which has been amplifying for two decades, has led to some consensus in terms of definition and prevention strategy. The aim is to identify, limit or even suppress risk factors through worker training as well as through actions related to work organization. Regarding occupational health and safety in agriculture, two fronts of progress have been mentioned: the creation of a statistic observatory of MSD (disease, occupational area and cost) and the assessment of prevention activities. Finally, a new issue is being discussed: sustainable prevention of MSD.

  10. Feed intake, digestibility, nitrogen utilization, and body weight change of sheep consuming wheat straw supplemented with local agricultural and agro-industrial by-products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurfeta, Ajebu

    2010-06-01

    Effects of supplementing sheep consuming wheat straw with local agro-industrial by-products on feed intake, growth, digestibility and nitrogen utilization were determined. Thirty 1-year-old local wethers, with a mean (+/-SD) live weight of 19.8 (+/-1.06) kg, were assigned to five treatments: wheat straw + atella (T1), wheat straw + atella + poultry litter (T2), wheat straw + atella + coffee pulp (T3), wheat straw + atella + coffee pulp + poultry litter (T4), hay + concentrate (T5). A 7-day digestibility experiment and a 112-day growth trial were conducted. Total dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) intake as well as body weight gain was similar for all treatments. The highest (P coffee pulp are available, smallholder farmers could feed the mixtures as a supplement to straw with a good performance without using concentrate feeds.

  11. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  12. 农业产业集群区域品牌资产形成机理研究%Study on the Mechanism of Regional Brand Equity in Agricultural Industry Cluster Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张月莉

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory of regional marketing and brand equity, this paper analyzed the definition, nature and dimensions of regional brand equity in agricultural industry cluster area, and then built an integrated model of its influencing factors and action mechanism. The results showed that regional factors, industrial factors and brand factors all played fundamental role, meanwhile the building of value-chain systems mediated these influencing factors and the formation of regional brand equity.%结合区域营销理论与品牌资产理论,深入分析了农业产业集群区域品牌资产的概念、特征与构成,构建了农业产业集群区域品牌影响因素及作用机制的整合模型.研究表明,区域性因素、产业性因素、品牌性因素是农业产业集群区域品牌资产构成的基础影响因素,而农业产业集群价值链体系建设在上述基础性影响因素与区域品牌资产形成之间发挥着重要的中介作用.

  13. On Agricultural Industry Cluster in Wulin Mountain Based on Diamond Theory%基于“钻石”理论的武陵山区农业产业集群发展研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李碧宏

    2012-01-01

    Based on Porter's diamond theory, starting with discussion on production factors, market de- mand, related industries, enterprises' strategies, opportunities and role of the government, the paper mainly analyzes key issues which affect development of agricultural industry cluster in Wuling Mountain Areas. At last, combining with the actual conditions, the paper puts forward some significant and relevant measures.%本文以波特钻石模型为基础,从影响农业产业集群发展的生产要素、需求状况、相关产业和辅助产业、企业战略结构和竞争、机遇和政府等要素入手,分析了影响武陵山区农业产业集群发展的关键因素,并结合具体情况,提出了武陵山区农业产业集群发展的对策建议。

  14. Ciência, positivismo e agricultura: uma análise do Ministério da Agricultura, indústria e comércio na Primeira República Science, positivism and agriculture: an analysis of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, industry and commerce in the First Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Jungmann Bhering

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a criação do Ministério da Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio (MAIC em 1909 e as atividades exercidas no interior de algumas de suas agências. A partir da criação do MAIC, os institutos recém-estabelecidos e os que passaram à sua tutela, como o Jardim Botânico e o Museu Nacional, assumiram uma orientação utilitária, para o desenvolvimento e modernização da agricultura nacional. Sugerimos que os valores positivistas de progresso e de defesa de uma ciência aplicada possuíram papéis chave na criação do MAIC e nas atividades dos seus institutos.This article analyses the creation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce (MAIC in 1909, as well as the scientific activities inside some of its agencies. With the creation of MAIC, the newly created institutes and those which were transferred to its responsibility (ex. Botanic Garden and National Museum assumed an utilitarian orientation with the objective of modernizing and developing the national agriculture. We suggest that the positivist values regarding progress and the important role of applied sciences had key in the creation of MAIC and in the activities of its agencies.

  15. An Explanation of the In ter-Sectoral Productivity Difference between Industry and Agriculture bsaed on Sector-Biased Technology Progress%基于部门偏向技术进步的工业与农业部门间生产率差异解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博文; 孙树强

    2015-01-01

    When workers in the agricultural sector can work at home ( Household Production) , the paper discussed the change reasons of industrial and agricultural labor productivity, and its change traits in process of economic development. The study showed technology progress has the department bias, with the gradual increase in the industrial sector workers, the technology level of industrial sector increase, thereby increasing the relative price of agricultural products;with the increase of the relative price of agricultural products, the agricultural sector workers will gradually increase the labor sup-ply and reduce household production time; when the agricultural sector workers will reduce household production time, labor productivity difference between agriculture and industry will gradually shrink.%在农业部门劳动者可以进行家庭生产(Household Production)的条件下,本文讨论了工业与农业劳动生产率差异产生的原因,以及这种差异在经济发展过程中的变动轨迹。研究发现:技术进步具有部门偏向性,随着工业部门劳动者逐渐增多,工业部门的技术水平也逐渐提高,并提高了农产品相对价格水平;随着农产品相对价格水平的提高,农业部门的劳动者会逐渐增加劳动力供给、缩短家庭生产的时间;随着农业部门劳动者用于家庭生产时间的减少,工业与农业之间的劳动生产率差异会逐渐缩小。

  16. 基于农业产业集群的农业创新体系结构分析——以河南省鄢陵县花木产业集群为例%The Structure Analysis of Agricultural Innovation System Based on Agricultural Cluster: A Case Study of Flower and Plant Industrial Cluster in Yanling County, Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李二玲; 史焱文; 李小建

    2012-01-01

    This paper constructs the theoretical framework of agricultural innovation system, through field survey of 91 households and 46 agricultural enterprises in flower and plant industrial cluster in Yanling County, Henan Province, using social network analysis to conduct an empirical analysis on the structure of agricultural innovation system. It is found that, agricultural innovation system is composed of three parts of innovation subject, innovation networks and innovative contents. Enterprises in other regions play a leading role in agricultural cluster innovation; Higher heterogeneity of the status of innovation in local enterprises; the direct role of government in the innovation of agricultural clusters is smaller, but close linkages between enterprises, universities and research institutes can significantly improve the innovation capacity of cluster enterprises. Relative to the cooperative networks, knowledge networks show a multi-core structure and the centralization and density of the networks are higher. Compared with the manufacturing clusters, agricultural innovation is more dependent on the enterprises in other regions, market demands and the linkages between local enterprises, universities and research institutes.%基于创新体系理论构建了农业创新体系的结构分析框架,通过对河南省鄢陵县花木产业集群91家农户和46家农业企业的实地调查,借助社会网络分析法对农业创新体系的结构进行了实证分析。研究发现:农业创新体系可以看做是南创新主体、创新网络以及创新内容三个部分组成。外地同行企业对农业集群创新起主导作用,而传统农户仅仅是用祖传技术或模仿;本地企业中创新地位异质性较高;政府在农业集群创新中的直接作用较小,但紧密的产学研结合,能显著提高企业的创新能力。相对于合作网络来说,知识网络呈多核心结构,网络集中度和密度均较高。与农区制

  17. Green Agriculture - features and agricultural policy measures for the transition to a sustainable agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities in each country or area, as it is in close correlation with all other the other economic activities, in a whole which must be structured so as to achieve a more efficient planning and organization of the territory. The practice of a traditional agriculture, based on industrialization, affects the natural environment through emissions of pollutants, waste and deforestation which together affects biodiversity. Green Agriculture suppose to empower managers to widespread the use of fertilizers, to improve the crop rotation, to realize a more efficient water consumption, to improve the storage methods and the supply chain of products. Agricultural policies are closely interrelated with environmental policies as agricultural activities have a considerable influence on the environment. The efficiency of agricultural policies is reflected in monetary transfers between agriculture and other economic sectors, in the costs due to the reallocation of the resources between different agricultural and non-agricultural activities and in the realized gains. Currently there is a constant concern of the governments for the transition to a green agriculture, and most countries recognize the importance of achieving sustainable economic development.

  18. The HumanIndexMod and New Calculations Demonstrating Heat Stress Effects All Aspects of Human Life Through Industry, Agriculture, and Daily Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzan, J. R.; Huber, M.

    2014-12-01

    end of the 21st century show that many portions of the world switch from moderate levels of heat stress for the top 2 weeks of a year to severe heat stress for the top 2 weeks of a year. These changes are reflected in livestock (THI); evaporative cooling (SWMP80) and air-conditioning; and industrial, military, and athletic heat stress (sWBGT, DI, HI, etc.).

  19. Change of the natural radiation exposure due to agriculture and industrial activities in a high natural radioactivity area from Brazil; Modificacao da exposicao a radiacao natural devido a atividades agricolas e industriais numa area de radioatividade natural elevada no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva Amaral, E.C. da

    1992-12-31

    The Pocos de Caldas Plateau, Minas Gerais State one of the biggest alkaline intrusions in the world. This study has shown the expected value for the mean annual radiation exposure due to the agricultural activities ranges from 6 up to 14 mSv/a depending on the age and living habits of the population group. The inhalation exposure of radon, thoron and their progenies represents the largest radiological health hazard (70-90%); this is followed by the external gamma irradiation from soil (10-25%). Ingestion of natural radionuclides with local food is only of minor radiological consequence. It was found that the lethal cancer risk might increase by 4% for a person born at the plateau, living and working there for the rest of her life. For the remote population the consumption the consumption of food products exported from the plateau leads to an expected value for the collective dose of 19 man Sv/a. This corresponding nominally to the small calculated number of 1 additional case of cancer per year. Therefore the main radiation impact of the agricultural activities are not the increased concentrations of natural radionuclides in food products but the fact that they are produced there with human labor and thus increasing the radiation exposure to a large number of farm workers and their families that move for occupational reasons to that region. The radiation exposure due to the mining and milling activities is, in spite of the significant increase of radionuclide activity concentrations in river waters, only of the order of 0.3 mSv/a. However as a recognized industrial source the ICRP dose limitation system has to be applied. Under this aspect the exposure calculated here, 0.3 mSv/a, should be considered as acceptable. (author). 93 refs, 16 figs, 58 tabs.

  20. Study on Modern Agriculture Equipment and Technology Coordinating Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weilong; WANG; Zulin; DA

    2013-01-01

    As the material foundation of agriculture modernization, the modernization level of agricultural equipment and technology is the significant signal of agricultural modernization, and the advancement of agricultural modernization is the important content of building a well-off society in an all-around way. Upgrading key technology research ability and promoting agricultural mechanization and industry development not only can shorten the gap between agricultural development level in China and that in developed countries, but also can advance the modernization process of China.

  1. Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Beijing Modern Urban Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyze development situations of Beijing modern urban agriculture from agricultural distribution,agricultural foundation and agricultural industrial system.Our research on challenges and opportunities of Beijing modern urban agriculture indicates that challenges include short of resources,deterioration of environment,and high production cost,and opportunities include large market space,advanced agricultural industrial experience and many other development opportunities.On the basis of these,we put forward development thought of Beijing modern urban agriculture in " the Twelfth Five Plan" period.We must improve foundation,integration and demonstration of agriculture;orient towards market and satisfy medium and high end market demands;actively cultivate and strengthen agricultural industrial level;create unique product brand;and raise added value of agricultural products.

  2. Urban Agriculture Programs on the Rise: Agriculture Education Model Can Reach Students Other Classes Leave Behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritsch, Julie M.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural education begins with hands-on classroom and laboratory instruction. Because agriculture is such a broad topic, schools typically tailor agriculture class offerings to match the interests of the student population, needs of nearby businesses and industry, or topics relevant to their state's standard assessments. Within most…

  3. Urban Agriculture Programs on the Rise: Agriculture Education Model Can Reach Students Other Classes Leave Behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritsch, Julie M.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural education begins with hands-on classroom and laboratory instruction. Because agriculture is such a broad topic, schools typically tailor agriculture class offerings to match the interests of the student population, needs of nearby businesses and industry, or topics relevant to their state's standard assessments. Within most…

  4. 江西省特色农业产业集群形成与发展的文化生态机理%THE CULTURAL ECOLOGY MECHANISMS TO INPROVE THE CHARACTERISTIC AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY CLUSTERS IN JIANGXI PROVINCE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡平波

    2011-01-01

    在促使江西省特色农业产业集群的形成与发展过程中,文化生态的作用非常重要。传统农业文化催生了江西省特色农产品农户种植群;在传统农业文化与现代商业文化的交融中,催生了各种形式的农村合作经济组织;作为社会网络根植性与社会资本的集群文化,降低了农户与农户、农户与企业之间的交易成本,同时增加了交易收益,从而使得集群产生巨大的协同效应。在特色农业产业集群的发展过程中,文化生态的内部结构优化、外联结构优化及纵向结构优化是集群发展的文化根源,并以江西泰和乌鸡产业集群为例进行了阐释。%There is very importance for cultural ecology to produce and to inpruve characteristic of agriculture in Jiangxi Province. It has given birth to the farmers groups to planting specialty agriculture products for the Jiangxi's traditional farming culture. For the blending of the traditional agricultural culture and modern commercial culture, it has given birth to various forms of economic cooperation organizations.Moreover, as the regional cultural embeddedness, it can reduce the transaction costs among the farmers, or between farmers and business; as the social capital of the regional culture, it can also increase transaction income. It is very important for cluster development with the optimization of the cultural ecology from internal and external structure as well as the integration of local and extra culture, which has been explained by taking Silke Fowl industrial cluster in Taihe county of Jiangxi as example.

  5. Inaugurating the New Age of Green Energy-saving Preservation during the 12th Five-year Plan Secretariat of Strategic Alliance for Technology Innovation in Storage and Transport Industry of Agricultural Products%奋战"十二五"开创绿色节能保鲜新时代

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    农产品贮运保鲜产业技术创新战略联盟秘书处

    2011-01-01

    According to the current situation of China's agricultural products and technologies, this article analyzed the economic and social benefits derived from the development of fresh agricultural products storage industry in national economy, and expounded the focus of China's agricultural products storage industry during the 12th Five-year Plan.%从我国农产品采后流通领域产品及技术现状出发,分析了生鲜农产品保鲜产业在国民经济发展中的重要作用,阐述了我国农产品贮运保鲜产业"十二五"期间的工作重点.

  6. Precision agriculture '09 : papers presented at the 7th European conference on precision agriculture, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 6-8 July 2009

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henten, van E.J.; Goense, D.; Lokhorst, C.

    2009-01-01

    Precision Agriculture is becoming ever more relevant as the agricultural industry struggles to come to terms with the environment, economics, traceability, vehicle guidance and crop management. Whilst some benefits have proved elusive, others contribute positively to today's agriculture. Research co

  7. Research Advance of Chitosan and its Derivatives'Application on Food Industry and Agriculture%壳聚糖及其衍生物在食品工农业中的应用研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜阿娜; 李世迁

    2014-01-01

    壳聚糖作为一种天然碱性多糖,具有高附加值、可再生资源、抑菌、无毒、易成膜、可生物降解、螯合重金属等优点。文章综述了壳聚糖在食品工农业方面的应用研究进展情况,详细介绍了壳聚糖、改性壳聚糖和复合壳聚糖在果蔬保鲜、植物诱导、防止微生物生长、果汁澄清、添加剂和食品工业废水方面的应用性能,并对壳聚糖在食品中应用的未来发展进行展望。%As a natural edible alkalescent polysaccharide , chitosan had many advantages such as high value -added , a kind of renewable resources , antibacterial, non-toxic, easy to be filmed, biodegradable, and chelating heavy metal.The advance in research of chitosan and its derivative on food industry and agriculture was summarized.The application of single chitosan , modified chitosan and composite in food preservation was overviewed.The plants, antibacterial antioxidant effect , clarified fruit juice , additives and the food industry wastewater treatment were introduced in detail , and the future development of fresh film of chitosan was prospected.

  8. The Sociology of Agriculture in Transition: The Political Economy of Agriculture after Biotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Pechlaner

    2010-01-01

    In 2007, a global food crisis brought the topic of agriculture back into the public eye, and retriggered debates about the ability of agricultural industrialization to feed the world. As a nature-based process and an exception to capitalist industrialization, agriculture trends are difficult to assess. One of the more productive attempts to do so has developed conceptual tools that account for the distinction from typical capital accumulation patterns, notably Goodman,Sorj, and Wilkinson’s (1...

  9. 7 CFR 1209.9 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Definitions § 1209.9 Industry information. Industry information means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets and marketing strategies, increased efficiency, and activities to... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  10. Agriculture/municipal/industrial waste management and resource recovery feasibility study : renewable energy clusters and improved end-use efficiency : a formula for sustainable development[Prepared for the North Okanagan Waste to Energy Consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-10-15

    The North Okanagan Waste to Energy Consortium initiated a study that evaluated the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of a proposed biomass to renewable energy eco-system, using the technologies of anaerobic digestion (AD), cogeneration and hydroponics in a centralized waste treatment and recovery facility. The Okanagan Valley is well suited for the demonstration plant because of its concentration of food producers and processors and abundance of rich organic waste stream. The agricultural, municipal and industrial waste management consortium consisted of a dairy farm, 5 municipalities and local waste handlers. The consortium proposed to combine several organic waste streams such as dairy manure, slaughterhouse offal and source separated municipal solid waste (MSW) to produce biogas in an anaerobic digester. The methane would be processed into renewable energy (heat and electricity) for a hydroponics barley sprout operation. It is expected that the synergies resulting from this project would increase productivity, end-use efficiency and profitability. This study reviewed the basics of AD technology, technological options and evaluated several technology providers. The type and quantity of waste available in the area was determined through a waste audit and analysis. The potential to market the system by-products locally was also reviewed as well as the general economic viability of a centralized system. The study also evaluated site selection, preliminary design and costing, with reference to proximity to feedstock and markets, access to roads, impacts on neighbours and insurance of minimal environmental impact. 84 refs., 82 figs., 10 appendices.

  11. Status and Existing Problems About Science and Technology Innovation in China's Agricultural Products Processing Industry%科技创新在我国农产品加工业中的地位及存在问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文亮; 程安玮; 徐同成; 刘丽娜; 陶海腾; 弓志青; 杜方岭

    2012-01-01

    “十一五”以来,我国农产品加工业得到了迅猛发展,其中科技创新起到举足轻重的作用。本文对农产品加工业科技创新进行了战略定位,对农产品加工业存在的瓶颈问题进行了深入分析和探讨,并提出了加快农产品加工业科技创新的对策和建议。%Since the eleventh Five-year Plan, China's process industry of agricuhural products has seen a rapid development and sci- entific and technical innovation has played important role in it. This article made stratgic positioning for science and technolegy innovation in agricultural products processing, analyzed the existing problems, and proposed countermeasures and suggestion.

  12. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  13. Perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Globalizing the Agricultural Curriculum

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The agriculture industry is part of an interconnected world that is continually navigating complex trade regulations and cultural barriers. Graduates of School-Based Agricultural Education programs need to be prepared to positively communicate with people from all over the world and to have an understanding of international agricultural practices. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Educators towards globalizing the secondary agricul...

  14. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  15. 7 CFR 1219.15 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... efficiency in processing, enhance the development of new markets and marketing strategies, increase marketing... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Industry information. 1219.15 Section 1219.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  16. 7 CFR 900.33 - Industry assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Industry assessments. 900.33 Section 900.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Rules of Practice Governing Proceedings To Amend Federal Milk Marketing Agreements and Marketing...

  17. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  18. Discussion on the Cultivation Industrial Organization of Sugar Stevia Leaf——the BCW Model of Agricultural Industrialization%甜叶菊种植产业组织形态初探——农业产业化经营的“BCW模式”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋小钰

    2012-01-01

    本文从我国一般农业产业化经营的讨论入手,认为我国农业产业化经营的问题成因主要有两个:一是组织纽带较弱,二是金融服务不足。继而从金融服务角度切入,提出了一个在"产业组织化程度提高与产业发展资金融通"良性循环中形成和发展"种植业产业集群"的一般农业产业化经营模式,也作为对甜叶菊种植产业组织形态的初步探索。%Based on the discussion of the general industrialized agricultural operation, this paper considers there are two causes of the management problems: the first one is the weakness of the organizational link, the second is the lackness of financial service. From the perspective of financial service, this paper advances the BCW model in the cultivation industrial organization of sugar stevia leaf.

  19. Army Industrial, Landscaping, and Agricultural Water Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Loper, Susan A.; Boyd, Brian K.

    2014-09-18

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  20. Army industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoughton, Kate McMordie [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Loper, Susan A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Boyd, Brian K. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-18

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  1. AGRICULTURAL USES OF SEAWEEDS EXTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Popescu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Marine bioactive substances extracted from seaweed are currently used in food, animal feed, as a raw material in the industry and have therapeutic applications. Most of the products based on marine algae are extracted from Brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum. The use of extracts of seaweed in agriculture is beneficial because the amount of chemical fertilizers and obtaining organic yield.

  2. Robotics in agriculture and forestry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergerman, M.; Billingsley, J.; Reid, J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2016-01-01

    Robotics for agriculture and forestry (A&F) represents the ultimate application of one of our society’s latest and most advanced innovations to its most ancient and important industries. Over the course of history, mechanization and automation increased crop output several orders of magnitude, e

  3. Promote Natural Resource Protection in Agriculture, Forestry, Husbandry and Fishery Industry through Sustainability Certification%通过可持续认证推动农林牧渔领域自然资源保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩峥

    2012-01-01

    Sustainable development has become a common pursuant in the international world among governments and industries after the 1992 Rio Conference; but now after 2 decades, the conflict between natural resource protection and sustainable development still exists, in particular, rational development and utilization of natural resources in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industries still need promoting. Being an important consuming and trading country of agriculture, fishery, husbandry and fishery commodities, China is able to play a more proactive role in global natural resource sustainability while enhancing sustainability in domestic natural resource development. Sustainability certification is an effective market tool to tackle the conflict between natural resource protection and economic development, and it has covered quite a number of commodities in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industry, showing a strong fast-growing trend in the world. However, sustainability certification is not widely recognized in China among enterprises and consumers, neither is its role in directing companies to practice sustainable management and corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a market mechanism. Therefore, this study' s objective is to conduct an in-depth analysis on sustainability certification and provide policy recommendation in order to better utilize certification as a market driver in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industry. This study first summarizes the development process and impacts of sustainability certification in the international arena by emphasizing that certified products of timber, palm oil, wild fish have become a part of the global trade as supported by many consumers in Europe, North America and other developed countries or regions. After affirming that certification has made quite some progress in motivating companies and consumers, and brought about ecological impacts on promoted the positive effect in resource

  4. Perspective On Biomass Carbon Industrialization of Organic Waste from Agriculture and Rural Areas in China%试论我国农业和农村有机废弃物生物质碳产业化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘根兴; 林振衡; 李恋卿; 张阿凤; 郑金伟; 张旭辉

    2011-01-01

    Vast sources and huge amount of bio-wastes from agriculture and animal husbandry production and municipal disposal urge optimal treatment for biomass and nutrient recycling. Developing efficient and low energyconsuming biomass carbon industry would be a final solution of these bio-wastes and for producing carbonized products to reuse them in agriculture and to satisfy municipal energy demands in agriculture production and rural life.Recently, medium and small scale biomass carbon production systems have been formulated to carbonize bio-wastes from straw and municipal waste in rural areas and supply multiple products of energy gas and bio-char and soil ameliorator, bio-pesticides amended with bio-char and bio-fuel. In particular, a biomass carbon engineering plant in rural area can provide farmer with syngas, while producing bio-char for recycling in adjacent croplands with relative low capital input. Owing to the utilization of in-situ crop straw and reuse of bio-char as soil amendment, such an engineering plant serves greenhouse gas emission reduction by avoiding biomass burning in field and offsetting coal and electricity consumption, improving agro-production by saving N fertilizer and increasing yield and cleaning rural environment for proper fate of bio-wastes. It is proposed that biomass carbon engineering technology may act as a key tool for low carbon agriculture and recycled agriculture and enhance the capacity for climate change mitigation in agriculture. Build-up of such enterprise including production system, multiple carbon products production and optimal management system would be a bright prospect for biomass waste treatment both for domestic and international competition in the potential C trading framework in the future.%我国农田秸秆和生活垃圾等农业和农村有机废弃物面广量大,其资源化处理一直没有得到根本性解决.开发高效低耗有机废弃物生物质碳工程转化产业化技术,以新型碳质

  5. Cultural Industries in Jiangyin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Fei

    2011-01-01

    2011 Jiangyin Cultural Industry Development Talkfest held in Beijing on the morning of September 5th,2011. There are 15 projects signed with a total investment of 1.86 billion RMB, involving video production, animation industry, cultural tourism, creative design, modern agriculture, textile industry, etc.

  6. Agricultural Multifunctionality Evolution and Research into Issues concerning Agriculture,Countryside and Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xin

    2012-01-01

    From the point of view of agricultural civilization, the history of human civilization is the history of the development of the agricultural civilization. Accompanied by social progress and development of the times, the function of agriculture also experiences the expansion and deepening. In terms of economy, there is a process from mechanized farming to industrialization, then to informatization, modernization and internationalization. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has also experienced and witnessed this process. In terms of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", the content is complex, diverse, profound, sharp, and changing, constantly testing and challenging our wisdom. When the Document No.1 in 2007 targeted modern agriculture, it indicated that new connotation was integrated into agricultural multifunctionality, standing at a new starting point. At present, the function of agriculture is still deepening; there are tremendous achievements and outstanding problems concurrently in issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. We take the agricultural multifunctionality as breakthrough point for exploration and research.

  7. Polymer in Agriculture: a Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Puoci

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In agricultural field, polymers are widely used for many applications. Although they were used, in the first time, just as structural materials (inhert polymers, in the last decades functionalized polymers revolutionized the agricultural and food industry with new tools for several applications. Smart polymeric materials and smart delivery systems helped the agricultural industryto combat viruses and other crop pathogens, functionalized polymers were used to increase the efficiency of pesticides and herbicides, allowing lower doses to be used and to indirectly protect the environment through filters or catalysts to reduce pollution and clean-up existing pollutants. This report will review the key aspects of used polymers in agricultural area, highlighting current research in this field and the future impacts they may have.

  8. 兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓问题研究%Research on Expending International Markets of XPCC’s Leading Enterprises in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄彩香

    2014-01-01

    该文对兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓状况进行分析,发现其存在番茄出口所占比重过大,国际市场进入模式相对单一,抵御国际市场风险能力较弱,缺乏国际知名品牌等问题,并从企业营销和政府保障角度提出了相应的对策和建议:实施差异化营销战略,分散国际市场开拓风险;加大产品研发投入和技术创新,提高农产品质量;积极开展境外投资合作,以多种方式进入海外市场;加强同行业合作,提高国际市场话语权;强化番茄产业化成果,打造国际知名品牌。%Analyzing the current situation of expending international markets of XPCC’s leading entreprises in agricultural industrialization, the paper finds there exist such problems as big ratios of tomato exportation, single mode of international market entry, weak strength against the international market risks, and lack of internationally renowned brands. In light of enterprise marketing and government guarantee, the paper proposes corresponding countermeasures as follows: first, practicing differentiated marketing strategy to decrease international marketing risks; second, increasing investment in product R&D and technological innovation to improve the quality of produces; third, carrying out overseas investment and cooperation to diversify the market entry mode; fourth, cooperating with peer enterprises to volume up our voice in the international market; last, enhancing the tomato industrialization to create an internationally-known brand.

  9. Value and Development Countermeasures for Modern Agriculture in Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weidong; JIN

    2013-01-01

    With advance of urbanization and industrialization, modern agricultural development in Chinas economic developed areas (CEDAs) is greatly restricted by traditional concept. To speed up the development of modern agriculture in CEDAs, this paper takes Suzhou City as an example from theories supporting modern agricultural development. It demonstrates agriculture in CEDAs plays an important role in adjusting supply of agricultural and sideline products, reserving rural labor employment, protecting ecological environment, increasing farmers income, and passing on agricultural culture. It contends that CEDAs should take reserving basic farmland as prerequisite; take adequate supply of primary agricultural products, protection of living environment, maintenance of agricultural landscape, and inheritance of farming culture as objectives; establish perfect modern agricultural system through firmly setting up modern agricultural value concept; increase local public finance input; increase agricultural functional value from technical and management levels, to realize increase of farmers income, promote sustainable development of agriculture, promote integrated urban and rural development, as well as harmonious development of human and nature.

  10. Tendencies in financing the agricultural and food sector under the common agricultural policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Brzozowska

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Poland, having joined the EU, became subject to regulations that significantly changed the conditions under which its food industry functioned. As markets opened up to each other, the possibilities of sale increased and competitiveness of economic entities improved. Mobilised public funds contributed, among other things, to modernisation of agricultural holdings and food industry enterprises, improvement of their competitiveness, construction of the infrastructure and multifunctional development of rural areas. The paper discusses tendencies in financing agriculture under the Common Agricultural Policy in Poland against the production and economic situation of the agricultural and food sector.

  11. 77 FR 46681 - Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture; Notice of Meeting... meeting of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting... the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming communities, the seed industry,...

  12. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATION BASED ON THE PERSPECTIVE OF FARMERS PARTICIPATION---TAKING GUIZHOU PROVINCE AS AN EXAMPLE%基于农户参与视角的农业产业化经营组织绩效评价及优化研究--以贵州省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉萍; 王鼎

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, China′s agricultural industrialization has made outstanding achievements;however, the development of agricultural industrialization has encountered some bottlenecks. This paper analyzed impacting fac-tors in agricultural industrialization management, i. e. , the characteristics of farmers and agricultural characteris-tics, family business characteristics, geographical environment. Based on the field survey of 600 questionnaires in Guizhou province, it constructed the performance evaluation system through the heterogeneous indicators and func-tional indicators, and evaluated the agricultural industrialization organization management using fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results showed that the performance of the operating organiza-tions of agriculture industrialization in Guizhou province was low with only 0 . 3033 , especially the performance of transaction process. Finally, it puts forward three targeted suggestionsr to improve the performance of agricultural industrialization operation organization, promote the transformation of the mode of agricultural economic develop-ment, and promote agricultural modernization, including cultivating the new farmers, enhancing the market compet-itiveness of farmers, perfecting organization management and governance structure, improving the willingness of farmers to participate, innovating industrial management organization, and reducing transaction cost.%近年来,我国农业产业化经营取得了较为突出的成就,然而随着时代的发展,农业产业化发展遇到了一定的瓶颈。文章首先对影响农户参与农业产业化经营的因素进行分析,得出农户特征、农产品特性、家庭经营特征、地理环境因素是影响农户参与产业化经营的最主要因素。基于此,通过对贵州省实地调研,发放600份问卷,获得农户参与农业产业化经营组织基础数据。并通过异质性指标和功能性指标构建出农业产业化经营组

  13. 加快发展农业特色产业的启示与思考——基于礼县苹果产业的调研%ENLIGHTENMENT AND THINKING TO SPEED UP THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY——BASED ON LIXIAN COUNTY APPLE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建华; 信军

    2015-01-01

    Taking the development of apple industry in Lixian county as an example,this paper analyzed the basic situation of Lixian county,described the development of apple industry according to the local natural resources ad-vantage to successfully achieve the increase of farmers ' income and agricultural efficiency,and put forward some countermeasures and suggestions on the development of apple industry. The method of comparison was used in this paper to analyze the important role of the agricultural characteristic industry in promoting farmers' income,inspiring the rural life and vigor,and promoting the agricultural sustainable development,based on the specific data of the apple industry in Lixian county. And then,it discussed some problems in the development of the characteristic ag-ricultural industry indifferent regions,such as the development difference,lack of establishing agricultural brand,low benefit of the agricultural products,production management level,low labor supply,etc. Therefore,it put for-ward some countermeasures and suggestions to promote the development of characteristic agricultural industry inclu-ding the government's overall planning,brand construction,breed improvement and technical training,cultivating leading enterprises. The results can provide a reference for the development of characteristic agricultural industry in the Midwest region.%文章以礼县苹果产业的发展为例,阐述了礼县立足县情,充分利用自然资源优势,选择发展苹果产业作为当地发展经济,实现农民增收、农业增效,探索形成一条富民强县的产业之路中取得的成效及存在的问题,并提出对策和建议.该文主要采用对比的方法,使用礼县苹果产业发展的具体数据,论述了农业特色产业对促进农民的脱贫致富、激发了农村生机和活力、夯实农业可持续发展基础发挥的重要作用,同时以礼县苹果产业为例,探讨分析了在不发达地区,农业特色产业存在区

  14. Research on Supply Chain Operation of Connecting Agriculture with Supermarkets Based on Agricultural Brokers System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of expounding the research results of using relevant knowledge about Game Theory for supply chain of agricultural products at home and abroad,we use principal-agent model in Game Theory to research the new function that the supermarkets entrust supervision and control over quality of agricultural products to agricultural brokers in the circulation model of connecting agriculture with supermarkets;then design the optimal incentive contract and influencing factors between agricultural broker and supermarket,and explain the fundamental role of agricultural brokers in the process of circulation;finally in light of the role of government in promoting development and application of agricultural brokers,put forward corresponding policy suggestions:establish government support policy;set relevant standard of industry;establish cooperative organizations of agricultural brokers.

  15. 中国农业航空植保产业技术创新发展战略%Technology innovation development strategy on agricultural aviation industry for plant protection in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周志艳; 臧英; 罗锡文; Lan Yubin; 薛新宇

    2013-01-01

    Based on the review of the current status and perspectives of worldwide agricultural aviation (AA) and completive analysis of the technology demand, the development strategies of aviation plant protection in China were recommended. The main restricting factors to the development of AA industry in China were pointed out, which including the imperfect policies and regulations of AA at present, lack of supporting core technologies, qualified AA professionals, understanding on AA, public support to the development of AA, and defective social service system in AA, etc. And then the countermeasures to promote the rapid and healthy development of AA in China were put forward, which including the adoption of multi-type and multi-operation models to improve the applicability of AA, increasing the capital investment to enhance the core technologies research, fortifying targeted policies to strengthen and standardize the management of AA. Finally, the demand prediction of agricultural aircraft type in China was conducted by using empiric estimation demand prediction method. The demand prediction analysis shows that the AA industry in China has not really started, and the market will dramatically increase. In the coming 15 years, the AA aircraft type in China will mainly include manned fixed-wing aircraft, manned helicopter, gasoline-powered unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), battery-power UAV and others, and the working area to the whole cultivated area of all of these aircraft type will be about 5%by the end of 2015, 20%by 2020, 40%by 2025, 50%by 2030 respectively. It was estimated about 46.5 billion RMB of the new investment on AA aircraft type in next 15 years. With the relevant system and supporting core technologies improving continuously, the AA industry will get a healthy, orderly and rapid development in China.%农业航空是现代农业的重要组成部分和反映农业现代化水平的重要标志之一。该文在分析中国农业现代化建设中对航空植保

  16. Industrial Textiles See Growth Momentum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xiangli

    2012-01-01

    Industrial textiles (tech-textiles) are specially designed with a specific function, used in the fields of industrial, medical, health, environmental protection, geotechnical and construction, transportation, aerospace, new energy, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and etc. The industrial textiles are so technical that they have found a growing range of applications with large market potential, and where they stand in terms of the development level is an important symbol to measure the comprehensive strength of national textile industry.

  17. Opportunities in the Turfgrass Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, W. F.; Long, G. A.

    1974-01-01

    The growth and development of the turfgrass industry makes it an increasingly important source of employment for vocational agriculture students in the areas of professional and research worker, managerial occupations, landscape contractor, technical superintendents and service workers. (EA)

  18. Fatores críticos de sucesso em projetos colaborativos na indústria de máquinas agrícolas Critical success factors in collaborative projects in industry of agricultural machinery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euclides Reame Junior

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os projetos colaborativos de novos produtos são fundamentais para que empresas aumentem o grau de inovação em seus produtos. Bons resultados dependem da identificação de fatores críticos de sucesso (FCS e não há tais estudos na Indústria de Máquinas Agrícolas (IMA. O artigo verifica se os FCS identificados na literatura poderiam ser utilizados em levantamentos do setor e se há outros a considerar. Apresenta revisão bibliográfica e levantamento em empresa com elevado nível de maturidade em PDP frente às empresas da IMA. Empregou-se o método de estudo de caso único, do tipo incorporado. A unidade de análise são projetos do tipo colaborativo e de sucesso: dois deles no total. Identificam-se fatores que podem não ser críticos, apesar de apontados pela literatura; indica-se a existência de novos FCS e reforça-se a importância dos fatores ligados à garantia de igualdade e fatores universais de sucesso.The collaborative product development is essential for companies to increase the innovation degree of their products. Companies must follow the critical success factors (CSF in order to achieve the expected results. There is a set of papers that identified critical success factors (CSF for collaborative projects; however, there is no paper verifying those factors in Brazil, especially in the Agricultural Machinery Industry. This article aims to verify whether the CSFs identified in the literature could be used in this context. A bibliographical review was carried out to identify a CSF list. After that, a single case study was developed, using the project as unit of analysis. Two successful and collaborative projects were evaluated. The results described new CSFs and reinforced others, as factors related to relationship equality and universality.

  19. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  20. 7 CFR 2900.3 - Essential agricultural uses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... food and fiber production: Essential Agricultural Uses Industry SIC No. and Industry Description Food.... (Agricultural related only). 2865Cyclic Crudes and Cyclic Intermediates, Dyes and Organic Pigments (Agricutural... lime only). Food and Natural Fiber Processing-Food 20Food and Kindred Products Except 2047Dog, Cat...

  1. Women in American Agriculture, a Selected Bibliography. Library List 103.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Agricultural Library (USDA), Washington, DC.

    More than 250 citations of materials about women in agriculture in the U.S. are contained in this partially annotated bibliography. It covers women engaged as landowners, farm managers, agricultural laborers and working in such agricultural industries as beekeeping, silk culture, and butter production. Other references concern women in…

  2. The Dilemmas of Modernizing Peasant Agriculture in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alao, Joseph A.

    In 1965, the Nigerian government charged Nigerian agriculture with the long term developmental task of providing: (1) an adequate and well balanced food supply for the increasing population; (2) agricultural raw materials for domestic industries; (3) agricultural export earnings; (4) employment for the increasing labor force; and (5) capital for…

  3. Production Structure of Agriculture in Huai’an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the data in 1990-2009 Huai’an Statistical Yearbook and Jiangsu Statistical Yearbook,production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is analyzed.Result shows that economic efficiency of planting industry is significantly lower than that of other industry types of agriculture;and the production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is unbalanced and needs further optimization.The reasons for the imbalance in industrial structure are various,such as the relatively low quality of agricultural employees,the backward marketing of planting,and the lack of standardization management.Finally,corresponding suggestions are put forward,including developing education,conducting vocational training,improving the human capital stock of Huai’an City,cultivating the leading enterprises for agricultural product processing,and realizing the scale agglomeration effect of agricultural production in planting industry.

  4. Applied Agricultural Science and Mechanics 1 and 2. A Curriculum Guide for Agricultural Grades 9 and 10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Occupational Education Curriculum Development.

    This curriculum guide is designed to provide students with opportunities to explore different careers related to agriculture, to develop basic skills and knowledge related to the agriculture industry, and to make an intelligent selection of the speciality fields in agriculture that they will pursue in the eleventh and twelvth grades. An…

  5. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda GHEORGHIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture today is a strategic point of a country's economy, providing food based on population, development of internal and external trade and manufacturing industries by supplying raw materials. For Romania, this branch is a strong point both in terms climatic (temperate, balanced relief, soil quality and at the same time is also a way of national development and convergence of rural areas to their full potential untapped. With strong reforms, well implemented, a specific legislative framework which aims to protecting private property, Romania could reduce the low efficiency and can have a sustainable agriculture. The paper aimed to present the advantages of consuming organic products, and, on the other hand, the advantages of a country in terms of organic farming. European agriculture is a competitive, market-oriented, but also protecting the environment model.

  6. BIODYNAMIC AGRICULTURE - ECO-FRIENDLY AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselka Vlahova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Biodynamic agriculture is undoubtedly the oldest organized agricultural movement in the world. It is considered as an organic agricultural farming approach and determined as the oldest organized alternative agricultural movement in the world. In 1924 Rudolf Steiner – an Austrian natural scientist and philosopher, carried out a series of eight lectures in Koberwitz, currently Kobierzyce- Poland, where he formulated his visions on changes in agriculture and revealed his spiritual and scientific concepts about the connection between nature and agriculture by determining the important role of agriculture for the future of humanity and thus he became known as “the father of anthroposophy”. The great ecological effect of the application of the biodynamic agriculture is expressed in soil preservation and preservation of the living organisms in the soil, as well as maintenance of the natural balance in the vegetable and animal kingdom.

  7. Migrant labor in agriculture: an international comparison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, P L

    1985-01-01

    The May 1984 Conference on Migrant Labor in Agriculture at the University of California-Davis discussed papers by 22 farm labor experts from 12 nations. Each industrial nation utilizes a different set of public and private policies to supply workers for labor-intensive agriculture, but none is entirely satisfactory. Labor-intensive agriculture is becoming more dependent on workers who are shut out of labor markets. Some countries have simply accepted foreign workers in agriculture, while others have adopted policies to integrate farm and nonfarm labor markets. Polices to reduce agriculture's reliance on workers-without-options include restructuring employment practices to employ fewer seasonal workers for longer periods, mechanizing production, and importing fruits and vegetables from nearby developing countries. This article explains the salient features of labor-intensive agriculture, the various polices for obtaining seasonal farmworkers, and options to reduce farming's dependence on migrant labor.

  8. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  9. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  10. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  11. A Study of the Development of Agricultural Mechanization in Kunming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wangyun; NING; Yulan; KUANG; Yonghua; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    Kunming City has entered the rapid development stage of urbanization. In the course of building the urban modern agriculture, the agricultural mechanization of Kunming City is being faced with excellent development opportunity. In this paper, the author scientifically analyzed current development situations of agricultural mechanization in Kunming City and explored existing problems in the course of development. On the basis of analysis, the author put forward recommendations, including increasing scientific research input for agricultural machinery, supporting agricultural machinery enterprises, promoting scientific and technical innovation, taking characteristic industries (such as flowers and vegetables) as pillar industry, speeding up development of modern facility agriculture, and upgrading primary processing of agricultural products. These will play significant role in the development of agricultural mechanization in Kunming City.

  12. From domestic manufacture to Industrial Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weisdorf, Jacob Louis

    2006-01-01

    industrial development. An emerging view, however, turns the old story on its head, arguing that agricultural improvement is a response to urban development. This paper follows the line of this emerging view, demonstrating that productivity growth in commercial manufacture is crucial to the performance......The classical story of industrialization always begins with agriculture: the modernization of rural institutions, involving both the enclosure of ‘open fields' and a shift from peasant farming to larger scale capitalist farming, generates a rise in agricultural productivity, which in turn fuels...... of farmers and thus to the transfer of labour from agriculture to industry...

  13. Agriculture and Food Processes Branch program summary document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    The work of the Agriculture and Food Processes Branch within the US DOE's Office of Industrial Programs is discussed and reviewed. The Branch is responsible for assisting the food and agricultural sectors of the economy in increasing their energy efficiency by cost sharing with industry the development and demonstration of technologies industry by itself would not develop because of a greater than normal risk factor, but have significant energy conservation benefits. This task is made more difficult by the diversity of agriculture and the food industry. The focus of the program is now on the development and demonstration of energy conservation technology in high energy use industry sectors and agricultural functions (e.g., sugar processing, meat processing, irrigation, and crop drying, high energy use functions common to many sectors of the food industry (e.g., refrigeration, drying, and evaporation), and innovative concepts (e.g., energy integrated farm systems. Specific projects within the program are summarized. (LCL)

  14. Overview of Ecological Agriculture with High Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Guo-qin; ZHAO Qi-guo; GONG Shao-lin; SHI Qing-hua

    2012-01-01

    From the presentation, connotation, characteristics, principles, pattern, and technologies of ecological agriculture with high efficiency, we conduct comprehensive and systematic analysis and discussion of the theoretical and practical progress of ecological agriculture with high efficiency. (i) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency was first advanced in China in 1991. (ii) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency highlights "high efficiency", "ecology", and "combination". (iii) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency is characterized by diverse organisms, good environment, good structure, powerful function, good quality, high benefit, low emission, sustainability. (iv) The yield increase and efficiency increase principle of ecological agriculture with high efficiency lies in full land use, three-dimensional light use, sufficient use of season, multi-layer water consumption, efficient fertilizer consumption, symbiosis and mutual supplement, ecological disaster reduction, recycling. (v) The typical pattern of ecological agriculture with high efficiency includes three-dimensional use pattern, biological symbiosis pattern, multi-industry combination pattern, industrial extension pattern, technology-driven pattern, environmental renovation pattern, resource recycling pattern, leisure and sight-seeing pattern. (vi) The key technologies of ecological agriculture with high efficiency include resource-saving technology, water and fertilizer regulation technology, biological technology for increasing soil fertility, disaster prevention and mitigation technology, comprehensive utilization technology, water conservation technology, structural adjustment technology, energy development technology, watershed control technology, and modern high-tech technology.

  15. Cluster Development of Zhengzhou Urban Agriculture Based on Diamond Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on basic theory of Diamond Model,this paper analyzes the competitive power of Zhengzhou urban agriculture from production factors,demand conditions,related and supporting industries,business strategies and structure,and horizontal competition.In line with these situations,it introduces that the cluster development is an effective approach to lifting competitive power of Zhengzhou urban agriculture.Finally,it presents following countermeasures and suggestions:optimize spatial distribution for cluster development of urban agriculture;cultivate leading enterprises and optimize organizational form of urban agriculture;energetically develop low-carbon agriculture to create favorable ecological environment for cluster development of urban agriculture.

  16. PARITY PRICE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS, ENERGY AND MATERIAL RESOURCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Alpatov

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the main approaches to parity of agricultural products to energy and material resources, are the price indices for certain types of energy resources, and presents data on the availability of agricultural machinery in agricultural organizations of the Russian Federation. The dynamics of growth in energy prices in relation to the specific energy consumption per 1 ha of sown area in the agricultural organizations of the Russian Federation, the consumption of resources such as petroleum products, electricity and fuel. In addition, the article shows the average sales price for agricultural products and logistical resources. Shown the equivalence of the exchange of products between agriculture and industry.

  17. Impact of Geographical Proximity and Relational Proximity on Innovation in Agriculture Industrial Cluster Based on the Shouguang Vegetable Industrial Cluster%地理邻近、关系邻近对农业产业集群创新影响 ——基于山东省寿光蔬菜产业集群实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史焱文; 李二玲; 李小建

    2016-01-01

    以寿光蔬菜产业集群为例,运用ArcGIS 10.0软件的空间邻近分析,Ucinet软件的社会网络分析以及多元线性回归模型从多维邻近性视角探究蔬菜集群企业的地理邻近、关系邻近特征及两者在集群企业创新中的影响.研究表明:①蔬菜集群企业具有明显的地理集聚特征,企业的空间邻近有利于集群创新氛围的形成;②集群企业及各创新主体间拥有紧密的关系邻近网络,关系网络中多核心节点,促使创新资源、隐性知识、新技术等的扩散与传播;③进一步回归分析表明,关系邻近对蔬菜产业集群创新作用更显著,永久性地理邻近在寿光蔬菜产业集群创新中仍然起到正向作用,但作用要弱于关系邻近.说明多元关系邻近在集群创新过程中能够对消除过度的地理邻近、单一关系邻近造成的创新锁定起到作用,同时还为全球化背景下农业集群创新提供新的渠道.%The article aims to analyze the impact of geographical proximity and relational proximity of innova-tive actors on the innovation of agricultural clusters. Taking Shouguang vegetable industrial cluster in Shan-dong Province, China as a case study, it examines how the geographical proximity and relational proximity among heterogeneous enterprises influence the innovation effects of the cluster, combining the spatial proximi-ty analysis with the social network analysis and the multiple linear regression model, based on the fieldwork and questionnaire data. It is shown that:1) The spatial agglomeration of enterprises in cluster is conducive to the formation of innovation atmosphere. The leading enterprises have a high degree of geographical proximity with the new agricultural enterprises, while the processing agricultural enterprises distribute relatively decen-tralized. Farmers collocated primitively evolve into agricultural enterprises through organizational innovation, which results to enterprise agglomeration

  18. Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Adjustment of Agricultural Structure on Agricultural Economic Growth in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct empirical analysis of the contribution of various sectors of agriculture in Xinjiang to agricultural economic growth,and the impact of adjustment of these sectors on agricultural economic growth.The results show that the growth of farming has the greatest force to drive the growth of total agricultural output in Xinjiang,followed by animal husbandry;the rate of contribution of these two production sectors,farming and animal husbandry,not only shows high-frequency fluctuation,but also shows reverse fluctuation;the effect arising from adjustment of farming is gradually spreading to animal husbandry,forestry and fishery one by one,but the spreading rate is low.Finally the countermeasures and proposals are put forward to further adjust agricultural structure and promote agricultural economic growth of Xinjiang under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan as follows:adjust the industrial structure steadily,address the industry convergence and broaden the income-increase channels for the farmers;strengthen the input to adjustment of agricultural structure;stick to the combination of internal adjustment and external adjustment of agricultural industry.

  19. 农业科技产业扶贫实践与探索--以泗洪县西南岗地区为例%Practice and Exploration of Agricultural Science and Technology in Industrial Poverty Alleviation---A Case of Xinangang Area of Si-hong County Supported

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜; 羊杏平

    2016-01-01

    Combining with the more than 20 years’ poverty alleviation practice of Xinangang Area of Sihong County supported by Jiangsu Acade-my of Agricultural Sciences, we summarized the experiences and lessons of poverty alleviation work based on rethinking the science and technolo-gy poverty alleviation mode in different periods and the parsing of basic situation in Xinangang Area.Feasible suggestions were put forward ac-cording to the industry planning, talent team, funding, resource utilization and industrial chain construction in the industrial poverty alleviation of agricultural science and technology.This research aimed to explore the poverty alleviation mode of agricultural science and technology suitable for the current situation, and to provide references for poverty alleviation in continuous poor areas of China.%结合江苏省农业科学院在江苏泗洪西南岗地区20多年的科技扶贫历程,通过对西南岗地区基本情况的剖析、对不同时期科技扶贫方式的总结和反思,归纳扶贫工作的经验和教训,并针对农业科技产业扶贫工作中的产业规划、人才队伍、资金投入、资源利用、产业链建设等方面提出可操作性的意见和建议,旨在探索适合当下扶贫新形势的农业科技产业扶贫模式,为具有同质性的国内连片贫困地区脱贫致富提供参考。

  20. Journal of Integrative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Integrative Agriculture (JIA), formerly Agricultural Sciences in China (ASC), founded in 2002, is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). JIA seeks to publish those papers that are influential and will significantly advance scientific understanding in agriculture fields worldwide.

  1. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications. The Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics was compiled to include a comprehensive overview of the geoph...

  2. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  3. Direction of Exports of Commercial Agricultural Commodities

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Agricultural commodities like tea, coffee, spices, oilseeds, cotton and cashew can be grouped under cash crops. They are traditional export items, which aggregate to 50% of total agricultural exports by India. These items are ready for consumption after some value addition. They are used as raw material in food and other industries. The commodities can be ranked high in hierarchy of demands after food items like wheat and rice. The economic status of the consumer plays a significant role in t...

  4. ORGANIC WASTE USED IN AGRICULTURAL BIOGAS PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Kazimierowicz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of organic waste is an ecological and economical problem. Searching method for disposal of these wastes, interest is methane fermentation. The use of this process in agricultural biogas plants allows disposal of hazardous waste, obtaining valuable fertilizer, while the production of ecologically clean fuel – biogas. The article presents the characteristics of organic waste from various industries, which make them suitable for use as substrates in agricultural biogas plants.

  5. ORGANIC WASTE USED IN AGRICULTURAL BIOGAS PLANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Kazimierowicz

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of organic waste is an ecological and economical problem. Searching method for disposal of these wastes, interest is methane fermentation. The use of this process in agricultural biogas plants allows disposal of hazardous waste, obtaining valuable fertilizer, while the production of ecologically clean fuel – biogas. The article presents the characteristics of organic waste from various industries, which make them suitable for use as substrates in agricultural biogas plants.

  6. 76 FR 48797 - Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... Agricultural Research Service Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture... on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: August 30-31, 2011. ADDRESSES: Rooms... consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming...

  7. 77 FR 26725 - Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting AGENCY... Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting dates are May 29-30, 2012, 8:30 a.m. to 5... consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming...

  8. Industrial biotechnology: tools and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Weng Lin; Zhao, Huimin

    2009-12-01

    Industrial biotechnology involves the use of enzymes and microorganisms to produce value-added chemicals from renewable sources. Because of its association with reduced energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste generation, industrial biotechnology is a rapidly growing field. Here we highlight a variety of important tools for industrial biotechnology, including protein engineering, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, systems biology, and downstream processing. In addition, we show how these tools have been successfully applied in several case studies, including the production of 1, 3-propanediol, lactic acid, and biofuels. It is expected that industrial biotechnology will be increasingly adopted by chemical, pharmaceutical, food, and agricultural industries.

  9. Analysis on Internal Growth Potential of Agriculture Under the Agricultural Structure Adjustment in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Conghua; TIAN; Hong; SHEN; Jian; DAI

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural structure adjustment has always been the important factors influencing Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth.On the basis of the planting scale,productivity and price in 2010,the paper measured the contributions made by agricultural structure adjustment to Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth through structural optimization.Linear programming model was established by Lingo software,to optimize the structure of planting,horticulture,animal husbandry in Xinjiang and analyze the internal agricultural income growth potential.After structure optimization,Xinjiang agricultural production value will reach 1231.44×108yuan and the farmers’income of production and management will reach 9851yuan.The greatest potential for Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth was husbandry accounting for 41.33% of the total production value.The next one was horticulture,whose share of the total production value has raised to 17.43% from 10%.Fruit industry and animal husbandry will become the pillars of future income growth.There are still some income growth spaces in Xinjiang internal agriculture though the agricultural structure adjustment.The agricultural production value will increase by 44.32%and farmers’production and management income will increase by 68.83%.That will be one of the most important ways to tap the future potential of agriculture internal income growth.

  10. Agricultural crops. 8. rev. ed.; Nutzpflanzen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lieberei, Reinhard; Reisdorff, Christoph [Univ. Hamburg (Germany). Abt. Nutzpflanzenbiologie/Angewandte Oekologie

    2012-07-01

    More than 75,000 plants are edible for human beings. Nearly 5,000 plants or utilized agriculturally or industrially. The authors of the book under consideration report on the most important agricultural crops and their application. The book is suitable for the beginner as well as for the advanced student. The book consists of three sections: The general section describes the morphology, anatomy and ingredients of the plants. The special section presents the individual agricultural crops. The appendix summarizes the actual data of production.

  11. Planning of Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zone from the Perspective of Industrial Convergence%产业融合视角下的现代农业示范区规划——兼论其旅游功能的拓展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾磊; 邢慧斌

    2011-01-01

    Features of agritourism emerging in the development of modern agriculture were analyzed, it was stressed that industrial convergence was a basic feature of modern agriculture, and modern agriculture was the integration of agriculture, science and technology, integration of agriculture, industry and trade, and integration of rural and urban areas. Agritourism was believed as the optimal carrier of expanding functions of modern agriculture combining agriculture, ecology and tourism industry. From such perspectives, causes for the loss of tourist functions in the development of agricultural demonstration zone were analyzed as: researchers and experts for the planning were from diverse fields; there was no any technical standard for the planning, or systematic planning theory and technique; there were many individual planning cases with poor applicability; there was no innovative idea brought into the tourism project planning; cultures were not fully explored for new tourist products. Key points in the expansion planning of tourist functions were proposed, it was stressed that design concepts should be changed, planning functions reoriented to match service facility planning with laws of tourism development, properly design tourist projects, focus on landscaping planning, enhance eco-environment protection and brand building.%分析了现代农业发展下的农业旅游的特点,指出产业融合是现代农业的基本特征,强调了现代农业是农业与科技的融合、农业与农工贸产业的融合、城市与乡村的融合.认为农业旅游能够将农业、生态和旅游业结合起来,是现代农业功能拓展的最佳栽体.从该视角出发,解析了农业示范区中旅游功能缺失的原因,主要集中于规划编制的研究者学科背景多元;规划尚无技术规范,缺乏体系化的规划理论和方法指导;个案规划较多,推广性较差;旅游项目的创新性不强;新旅游产品文化挖掘欠缺.提出了旅游

  12. “Real Estate Bound Agriculture”, an Exploration to the New Model of Development of Tertiary Industrialization Agriculture%“地产绑定农业”的三产化农业发展规划新模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董雅; 吴金泽; 赵大鹏

    2014-01-01

    本文针对新型城镇化发展时期,过往城镇化的得失进行了反思。并指出在进行城镇化建设的同时,对于“乡土社会”的保护也应该得到关注。随着中央提出《中共中央关于全面深化改革重大问题决定》,在新的土地制度改革背景下,针对农业发展的新可能,提出了新型三产化农业发展模式的探索,即“地产绑定农业”。在“地产绑定农业”的模式下,实现农业生产者从一产转向三产的生产者身份的转变,从而实现农民收入的大幅提高,优化基层村镇的产业结构,提高基层消费水平,实现村民“人”的城镇化,这样也使乡村的“乡土社会”的载体--“人”与“村落肌理”得以更好的保留。由此,也可以改善农业人口老龄化,复垦耕地维护不足,田园景观逐渐消逝等“三农”相关问题。%In this paper, in new urbanization development period, I rethought on the gains and losses for the past urbanization. During the construction of urbanization, protecting "agrestic society" should also get atention. With the central government promulgating the " Decision of CPC Central Committee on Comprehensive Deepening the Reform of Major Issues ", in the context of the new land system reform, to focus on the new possibilities for the development of agriculture, I presented an exploration to the new model of development of tertiary industrialization agriculture, that "real estate bound agriculture". In the "real estate bound agriculture" model, to achieve the change of identity of agricultural producers from the agriculture to the tertiary industry, in order to achieve a substantial increase in the income of farmers, to optimize grassroots vilage industrial structure, to improve the level of consumption of grassroots, to make the vilagers realize the "people’s” urbanization, which also makes the "agrestic society" carier - "people" and "vilage texture" beter

  13. Analysis on the Evolution of Agricultural Structure about Pan-Yangtze River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Jiang; LIU Zhi-ying

    2010-01-01

    Starting from the definition of agricultural structure,this paper firstly analyzes the change of industrial and spatial structure of agriculture of Pan-Yangtze River Delta,then inspects the relationship between the development of economics and the evolution of agricultural structure,an the end it provides policy recommendation about the development and adjustment of agricultural structure for the future.

  14. A Successful Case Study of Agricultural Technological Innovation Model:the Innovation of Xinjiang Tianye Water-Saving Industry Development%农业技术创新模式的成功案例研究——新疆天业节水产业发展创新之路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭爱花; 李万明; 谢芳

    2011-01-01

    Pursuing a successful cases study of agricultural technological innovation is the most useful approach to study the law of agricultural technological innovation model. Xinjiang Tianye Group successfully developed "Chinese" drip irrigation technology through digesting and absorbing foreign advanced technology, which can drive the water-saving technology innovation from disperse to cluster and standardization. Based on the racking survey and in-depth analysis of the successful cases of Xinjiang Tianye water-saving industry development, we find that Xinjiang Tianye Group broke the "introduction-probation-promotion" traditional mode of agricultural technology innovation, to take the "introduction-digestion-absorption-localization" modern model of agricultural technology innovation. The success operation of agricultural technological innovation mode has an important reference meaning to explore suitable agricultural technological innovation mode for Chinese national conditions and promote agricultural modernization in China.%对农业技术创新成功案例的追踪研究,是探究农业技术创新模式的最有效途径之一.新疆天业集团通过消化、吸收国外先进的滴灌技术,成功研发出“中国式”的膜下滴灌技术,并带动了我国节水产业由分散向集群化、标准化发展.通过对新疆天业节水产业发展成功案例的追踪调查和深入分析,我们发现新疆天业集团打破了“引进—试用—推广”的传统农业技术创新模式,采取了“引进—消化—吸收—本地化”的现代农业技术创新模式.该项农业技术创新模式的成功运作,对探索适合我国国情的农业技术创新模式和促进我国的农业现代化建设具有重要的借鉴意义.

  15. 7 CFR 2902.49 - Industrial cleaners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Industrial cleaners. 2902.49 Section 2902.49... Items § 2902.49 Industrial cleaners. (a) Definition. Products used to remove contaminants, such as... water in pressure washers, or in hand wiping applications in industrial or manufacturing settings,...

  16. Whole Industry Chain Management Mode and Mechanism Innovation of Agriculture Industrialization: Practice and Inspiration of "Feixi Old Hens"%农业产业化的全产业链经营模式与机制创新——“肥西老母鸡”的实践及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄祖辉; 米松华; 陈立辉

    2011-01-01

    Not only from the social needs, but also from the law of enterprise development, management mode and mechanism innovation are vital important to further constraet the new value chain and profit mode of enterprises, extend the employment space of farmers and promote the food quality and safety. The paper took the Anhui Feixi Old Hens Group Company as a case study, and it could be found that its whole industrial chain business mode had a significant reference for development of other leading agricultural enterprises and deepening of agriculture industrialization in China.%无论从社会需求还是从企业发展规律来讲,以农业龙头企业为核心的农业产业化经营模式与机制创新对于进一步构建企业新的价值链和盈利模式、拓展农民的创业就业空间以及推进食品质量安全均具有重要意义。本文以安徽肥西老母鸡集团公司为研究案例,其生态型全产业链经营模式对于其他农业龙头企业发展以及我国农业产业化深化具有重要借鉴意义。

  17. Perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Globalizing the Agricultural Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan W. Conner

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The agriculture industry is part of an interconnected world that is continually navigating complex trade regulations and cultural barriers. Graduates of School-Based Agricultural Education programs need to be prepared to positively communicate with people from all over the world and to have an understanding of international agricultural practices. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Educators towards globalizing the secondary agricultural curriculum. Twenty-six School-Based Agricultural Educators were interviewed for this study. The interviewees represented the entire state of Tennessee, including both urban and rural programs. The use of thematic analysis allowed the following five themes to emerge: (a heightened awareness of living in a globalized world, (b vision for a globalized School-Based Agricultural Education program, (c benefits of exposure to a globalized School-Based Agricultural Education program, (d preparedness to teach from a globalized perspective, and (e professional development needs. Participants recognized the importance of teaching through a globalized agricultural curriculum and the benefits students received from experiencing a globalized agricultural curriculum. However, not every participant felt prepared to teach using a globalized curriculum and suggestions for professional development were made.

  18. The Sociology of Agriculture in Transition: The Political Economy of Agriculture after Biotechnology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Pechlaner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2007, a global food crisis brought the topic of agriculture back into the public eye, and retriggered debates about the ability of agricultural industrialization to feed the world. As a nature-based process and an exception to capitalist industrialization, agriculture trends are difficult to assess. One of the more productive attempts to do so has developed conceptual tools that account for the distinction from typical capital accumulation patterns, notably Goodman,Sorj, and Wilkinson’s (1987 classic concepts of “appropriationism” and “substitutionism.” Agricultural biotechnologies are testing the limits of even these more refined conceptualizations, as the technologies’ associated proprietary framework — including seed saving restrictions, grower contracts, and patent infringement litigation — is reorganizing many traditional agricultural practices. Drawing on case studies in Mississippi, U.S. and Saskatchewan, Canada, thispaper argues that these trends suggest a need for a new concept in political economy of agriculture theory, which I term "expropriationism.” This concept identifies several aspects of an agricultural reorganization premised on legal means to enhance capital accumulation and on separating corporate ownership from liability. This accumulation strategy has important implications given the highsalience that agriculture has for society.

  19. National Agriculture Imagery Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. A primary goal of the NAIP...

  20. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  1. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate…

  2. Urban Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    John Bourne High School in Queens, New York, offers an agricultural program enrolling more than 400 students. The curriculum includes agricultural career exploration, plant and animal science, summer land laboratories, and a special education component. (SK)

  3. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  4. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  5. The Current Situation and Development Countermeasures of Creative Agriculture in Miyun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Runlian; MIAO; Tong; LIU; Mei; LI

    2013-01-01

    Creative agriculture,a new agricultural format formed by integrating agriculture,tourism and creative industries,is an important part of the urban modern agriculture. Proceeding from the functional position as an ecological conservation area,Miyun creative agriculture has obtained rapid growth,relying on its ecological resources,agricultural resources,tourist resources and leisure industry advantages. But there are still some problems. On the basis of analyzing the advantages and problems of creative agriculture in Miyun,the paper put forward the basic principles and thought pattern of developing creative agriculture in there. Besides,several countermeasures in terms of resources integration, scientific planning,exploring local cultural resources,developing theme products,constructing industrial chain,carrying out project design and creative planning,creating creative agricultural advantage brand are put forward.

  6. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  7. Contrastive Research on Domestic and Foreign Ecological Agriculture Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In the first place,the definitions of ecological agriculture defined by scholars both at home and abroad are introduced.In the second place,the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture policies are expounded.Through contrastive research on the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture polices,the problems in the development of ecological agriculture in China are found.By mirroring the western experiences in developing ecological agriculture,the countermeasures and relevant suggestions are put forward from the perspective of government.The first one is to increase the subsidies from the government to ecological agriculture.The second one is to clarify the standard of ecological agriculture construction.The third one is to promote the industrialization of ecological agriculture.The fourth one is to strengthen the construction of ecological demonstration region and ecological village.

  8. Resource Allocation of Agricultural Science and Technology R&D

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D(research and development)both at home and abroad,including the amount and function of agricultural science and technology research funds,human resources in the resources of agricultural science and technology R&D,the efficiency of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D,the management system of agricultural scientific innovation and the operation status of scientific funds,is analyzed.The problems in the current resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D are put forward,including unreasonable resource allocation;low efficiency,and low efficiency of the transformation of agricultural scientific achievements.The highly effective resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D is analyzed from the aspects of resource allocation structure,environment,channel,spatial layout and industrial chain.

  9. Towards Conservation Agriculture systems in Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Boincean

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available As the world population and food production demands rise, keeping agricultural soils and landscapes healthy and productive are of paramount importance to sustaining local and global food security and the flow of ecosystem services to society. The global population, expected to reach 9.7 billion people by 2050, will put additional pressure on the available land area and resources for agricultural production. Sustainable production intensification for food security is a major challenge to both industrialized and developing countries. The paper focuses on the results from long-term multi-factorial experiments involving tillage practices, crop rotations and fertilization to study the interactions amongst the treatments in the context of sustainable production intensification. The paper discusses the results in relation to reported performance of crops and soil quality in Conservation Agriculture systems that are based on no or minimum soil disturbance (no-till seeding and weeding, maintenance of soil mulch cover with crop biomass and cover crops, and diversified cropping s involving annuals and perennials. Conservation Agriculture also emphasizes the necessity of an agro-ecosystems approach to the management of agricultural land for sustainable production intensification, as well as to the site-specificity of agricultural production. Arguments in favor of avoiding the use of soil tillage are discussed together with agro-ecological principles for sustainable intensification of agriculture. More interdisciplinary systems research is required to support the transformation of agriculture from the conventional tillage agriculture to a more sustainable agriculture based on the principles and practices of Conservation Agriculture, along with other complementary practices of integrated crop, nutrient, water, pest, energy and farm power management.

  10. Evaluation of Growth of Agricultural Listed Companies Based on AHP Weighting Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong; LU; Yan; CHENG; Huan; GAO; Changhai; ZHOU; Qinqin; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy,and agricultural development is related to the rapid development of long-term stability of the society and economy. Agriculture includes farming,forestry,animal husbandry,and fisheries. Agricultural listed company as an agricultural enterprise " leader",which directly affects the development of the entire growth of the agricultural industry development and policy,so the study of agricultural listed company’s growth is particularly important. This paper uses AHP weighting method to evaluate 2012 financial data on the growth of agricultural listed companies.

  11. Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Management Organization Pattern Evolution and the Development of Agribusiness firm%我国农业产业化经营组织模式的演变与龙头企业的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴娟

    2012-01-01

    实行农业产业化经营,逐步建设现代农业,才能使我国农业从传统落后的小农经济q-走出来,进而在国际市场q-有竞争优势。龙头企业在农业产业化经营中起着至关重要的作用,居于核心地位,是联结农户与市场的纽带。我国龙头企业与农户之间的利益联结机制及模式不断变化,从最初的“公司+农户”、“龙头企业+基地”向“公司+中介+农户”及股份合作制转化。随着农业产业化的不断推进,“龙头企业+中介组织+农户”的合作组织形式逐步占据主导地位。%Agriculture, farmers and rural economy have become some of those main problems in China. In order to make Chinese agri culture step out of traditional and behindhand small rural economy, thus become more competitive, it is essential to implement agricul tural veitical coordination and to establish modern agriculture gradually. Agribusiness firm plays a crucial role in the agricultural indus trialization, and it is the joint of the farmer and market in market economy. Our country between agribusiness firm and farmer interest coupling mechanism and mode changing , From the initial "company + farmer" , " agribusiness firm + base" to the "company + in termediary + farmer" and share collaboration is made transform . With the rapid development of Chinese agribusiness firm," agribusi ness firm + intermediary + farmer" cooperation organization gradually dominate.

  12. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  13. 依托国家基地培养农业生物技术产业化人才的探索与实践%Exploring and practicing the training of talents of agricultural biotechnology industry on the national base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金安江; 江珩; 郑用琏

    2015-01-01

    实现农业生物产业的健康发展必须要有源源不断的高素质人才支撑。通过华中农业大学国家生命科学与技术人才培养基地的改革实践,探讨了培养农业生物技术产业化人才的有效模式。主要体现在,坚持科学定位,以实践创新能力为核心,依托优势学科,构建“基础+方向”的人才培养体系;整合优势资源,培养“宏观+微观”的生物学实验技能;搭建创新平台,激发“生产+研发”的产业化潜能。%The steady supply of high-quality talent is very important to achieve the healthy development of agricultural biotechnolo-gy industry. This paper discussed the effective models of training the talents of agricultural biotechnology industry through reforming the practice of the national life science and technology talent training base. The models include adhering to the scientific position, practice innovation ability as the core, relying on the advantage of discipline, building the talent training system on"base and direc-tion", integrating resources, developing biological experimental skills of"macro and micro", constructing platform of innovation, and stimulating industrialization potential of"production and research".

  14. Comparative Analysis of the Development of Agricultural Listed Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of industrial division of China’s Securities Regulatory Commission,listed companies in the processing industry of agro-products and food production industry have also been incorporated into agricultural listed companies.Developmental discrepancy of agricultural listed companies is analyzed.The main manifestations are small population quantity,slow development,weak growing capacity,relatively poor rationality and unbalanced regional distribution.The internal causes of this kind of situation lie in the weak quality and inadequate developmental driving force of agricultural listed companies,while the external causes are the capital chasing and unbalanced political support of the country.Therefore,the key of quickening the development of agricultural listed companies is inner power and external competition.Thus,the political thoughts of the development of agricultural listed companies are proposed.

  15. Thought on Establishment of the Base of Agricultural Headquarters Rely on the Brand-agriculture Exhibition——Case Study on Seeds Industry Headquarter Bases in Fengtai District%对依托品牌农业会展打造农业总部基地的思考——以打造北京丰台种业总部基地为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马俊哲

    2012-01-01

    In order to use the superior resources of urban and rural areas to develop modern agriculture, especially the modern seeds industry, we should used the idea of headquarters economy and the influence of Beijing seeds congress brand effect, established seeds industry headquarter bases in Fengtai District, formed the model of seeds industry headquarter bases, so that we could accelerate the construction of the capital of seeds industry in Beijing. The results showed that compared with the disadvantages the advantages of rely on the brand effect of Beijing seeds congress to establish seeds industry headquarter bases in Fengtai district were more, and many disadvantages could turned into advantages by efforts, such as small scale of seeds enterprise, high cost of entering, strong regional of seeds production and sales, etc. These Problems could be solved by enterprise annexing, improving management and enlarging the influence of exhibition. In order to accelerate seeds industry headquarter bases in Fengtai District, we should pay attention to definite the regional range and function orientation of seeds industry headquarter bases in Fengtai District, develop leading enterprise, introduced the seeds enterprises headquarter, strengthen the power of policy support.%为了充分有效地和用城乡优势资源发展现代农业特别是现代种业,运用总部经济的发展理念,并借助具有20年历史和影响的北京种子大会的品牌效应,打造丰台种业总部基地,形成企业内部在空间上分离且耦合的总部种业发展模式,以加快北京的“种业之都”建设.研究表明:依托北京种子大会品牌打造丰台种业总部基地发展总部种业的有利条件多于不利条件的,而且许多不利条件都可以通过自身努力转化为有利条件,如种业企业规模小、入驻成本高、种子生产销售区域性强等,都可以通过引导种业企业购并、改善经营管理和进一步扩大展会影响面等予以

  16. Agricultural Biotechnology Research and Development in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Recent agricultural biotechnology research and advances in the province are reviewed. Targets and practices for biotechnological development in depth are discussed, with stress on the talent's training, new techniques' establishment and its industrialization, starting from the existing level and problems in the field in the province.

  17. Economic assessment of Dutch agricultural research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poppe, K.J.

    2008-01-01

    To cope with globalisation and other changes in the industry, in the last 20 years the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture has reorganised its system for education, extension and research considerably. It moved away from the concept of a linear process of innovation to that of an agro-innovation system. T

  18. Analysis of the development situation of German characteristic agricultural industry and its inspiration to China:Taking apiculture as the case%德国特色农业产业发展对中国的启示--以蜂产业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张社梅; 孙战利

    2016-01-01

    以蜂产业为例,从产业组织结构、科技支撑、质量控制、产业功能拓展4大方面,系统分析和总结了德国特色农业产业发展的特点;在此基础上,对照分析了中国蜂产业发展现状及面临的问题,并进一步凝练和剖析了德国蜂产业发展对中国的启示。研究认为:中国蜂产业正处于比较效益下滑、小规模蜂农退出的转型期,应积极发展蜂农合作组织、加强产学研结合、构建全产业链质量控制体系、拓展蜂产业的多种功能等来促进产业发展壮大。%Taking German apiculture as the case, this paper presented the features of German characteristic agricul-tural industry development from industrial organization structure, technical strut, quality control and industrial func-tion extension. Then, the difficulties and challenges of Chinese apiculture was analyzed, a condensed conclusion to the inspiration of German apiculture development to China was analyzed. Result showed that Chinese apiculture was experiencing a time of transformation when the comparative effectiveness was declining and the small-scaled beekeep-ers were dropping out, thus, to promote the development of Chinese apiculture industry, China should develop bee-keeper cooperative organizations vigorously and strengthen the integration of production, learning and research while building a quality control system in the full industry chain as well as developing more varieties of function of Chinese apiculture.

  19. Agricultural Education Fantasies, Facts, and Futures: A Re-Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, William E.

    1982-01-01

    The "third wave" described by Alvin Toffler necessitates the restructuring of institutions. Agricultural educators must stay flexible, open, and responsive in order to continue being needed by the nation's most vital industry. (SK)

  20. Emergy Evaluations of Denmark and Danish Agriculture Assessing the Limits of Agricultural Systems to Power Society

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    As the process of industrialization has run its course over the twentieth century, the relative importance of agriculture as an economic activity and a means of cultural sustenance for nations has declined dramatically. In this thesis, a historical ecological-economic perspective offers insights into both the causes and effects of Danish agriculture's decline in economic importance relative to the economy of Denmark as a whole. Emergy evaluations were made of the national economy and agricult...

  1. Industries and cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, E M; Burnett, C A; Ruder, A; Davis-King, K

    1997-05-01

    Epidemiologic evidence on the relationship between selected industries and cancer is reviewed. This article will focus on several industries which have not been covered elsewhere in this volume, briefly describe current research on cancer in the agricultural and construction industries, and discuss surveillance data on cancer mortality in relation to industry listed on US death certificates. Employment in the rubber industry has been associated with bladder cancer, leukemia, stomach, and lung cancer and is considered by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to have 'sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in humans.' Studies of workers exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have reported excess mortality from gastrointestinal neoplasms, hematologic neoplasms, and skin cancer (specifically malignant melanoma); IARC considers that the evidence for carcinogenicity in humans is 'limited.' Employment in the boot and shoe industry has been associated with nasal adenocarcinomas in England and Italy ('sufficient'). Hairdressers and barbers have been found to have excess bladder cancer and less consistent evidence for several other sites ('limited'). Workers exposed to wood dust have excess mortality from cancer of the nasal sinuses and paranasal cavities; there is less consistent evidence for excess laryngeal cancer ('sufficient'). Workers employed in the petroleum industry have limited evidence for excess leukemia and other lymphatic and hematopoietic neoplasms, and skin cancer (particularly malignant melanoma) ('limited').

  2. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  3. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...... of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During...... the last decades, the composition of agricultural support has changed significantly. Market price support has decreased, and direct support has increased....

  4. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  5. 佳木斯市工农业和民用浅层地下水环境现状调查与分析%Investigation and Analysis of Present Situation of Agricultural,Industrial and Civil Shallow Ground-water Sources in JiaMusi City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婧祎; 赵雨峰; 张颖

    2015-01-01

    浅层地下水资源作为佳木斯市工农业和民用的供水水源,对佳木斯的经济发展起着重要的作用,但由于浅层地下水埋深浅,加上人为因素的影响,水体极易被排放的废水、生活污水和农业残留的农药污染。通过对佳木斯市区工业和民用浅层地下水井进行监测,进而对佳木斯市浅层地下水的环境质量进行评价与分析。%The shallow groundwater resource is water supply source of agriculture,industry and civil life of Ji-aMusi city and plays an important role in the economic development of JiaMusi city. But shallow groundwater is easy polluted by industrial waste water,sewage water and residual pesticide. We monitored industrial and civil-ian shallow underground water well and analysed shallow groundwater quality of JiaMusi city.

  6. 基于产业集群湖南省农产品区域品牌策略探讨——以攸县香干为例%Probing into Hunan province agriculture district brand strategy based on industry gathering——take You county smoked bean curd as example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴小平

    2012-01-01

    攸县香干是湖南农业产业集群中发展得较为成功的区域品牌之一,品牌知名度高。它的形成来源于其所具有的悠久历史文化、优质原材料、水质及产品加工工艺等,但是在其发展中也存在一些问题,如没有形成规模化产业集群、恶性竞争、品牌意识不强、缺乏有效管理、集群内"搭便车"现象严重。本文就上述存在的这些问题进行了剖析并基于产业集群视角提出了具体解决对策。%Youxian bean curd is one of the successfu-lly developed regional brands in Hunan agricultural industry clusters with high reputation for its long history,top quality raw material,clear water and special production process,but there are still some problems during development such as no scale industrial cluster,blind competition,little brand consciousness,lack of efficient management and "hitchhike" within the cluster.This paper makes an analysis of those problems and puts forward the corresponding solutions based on the industrial cluster.

  7. Application of Solar Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Hainan Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiangchun; YU; Qingqing; LIN; Xuedong; ZHOU; Zhibin; YANG

    2013-01-01

    With radical socio-economic development and strengthening of regulation of agricultural industrial structure in Hainan Province,fresh water resource becomes increasingly insufficient.Existing water-saving facilities and measures are unable to promote sustainable and stable development of local economy.This needs modern irrigation method.Solar photovoltaic water pumping system is necessary and feasible in Hainan agriculture,and will have directive significance for Hainan Province developing photovoltaic agriculture.

  8. Translations on Eastern Europe, Economic and Industrial Affairs, Number 1638

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    CEMA and outside the Bloc; articles on all aspects of the materials, services, machine, electronics, and precision equipment industries; and concepts and attainments in agriculture, forestry, and the food industry.

  9. East Europe Report, Economic and Industrial Affairs No. 2355

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    within CEMA and outside the Bloc; articles on all aspects of the materials, services, machine, electronics, and precision equipment industries; and concepts and attainments in agriculture, forestry, and the food industry.

  10. Study on Connotations and Development Strategies of Creative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liangshan; YANG; Hailing; HE

    2013-01-01

    Creative agriculture is a new agricultural type with originality as a key element, integrating agricultural production activities into creative activities such as culture and art, broadening functions of agriculture and improving added value of agricultural products. Creative agriculture is characterized by external economy, technology integration, art appreciation, high efficiency and value, and it is significant for promoting inheritance of traditional culture, optimal allocation and regeneration of resources, optimal distribution of elements, expansion of agricultural functions, construction of beautiful countryside, cultural construction of rural areas, transformation of agricultural and rural economic growth mode. With agricultural resources as the foundation, sightseeing and leisure agriculture as the breakthrough point, by means of science and technology, many regions in China have explored products of creative agriculture and presented several typical cases of creative agriculture. However, these projects are mostly restricted by problems such as poor development concept, lack of supportive policies, and ineffective industrial integration. Taking Zhejiang Province as an example, we proposed path choice, supportive system and relevant policy suggestions for the development of creative agriculture.

  11. Agricultural Production Experiences at School for the Urban Student.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietz, Allen J.

    1980-01-01

    In vocational agriculture at Sycamore High School in Illinois, urban students start their vocational education with a basic understanding of production, which is the foundation for all agricultural industry. Future Farmers of America chapter-operated and school-owned facilities provide the resources to make these experiential programs possible.…

  12. Evaluation of agricultural state support of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.M. Melnyk

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to perform a comparative analysis of methodological approaches to assessment of support of agricultural-food sector by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Trade Organization, to investigate peculiarities of the Ukrainian policy for support of agricultural industry compared to the policy of Russia, EU and the USA, and to substantiate the ways for increasing the efficiency of state support of agricultural sector in Ukraine. Volumes and levels of total support estimation of agricultural industry, levels of support of producers, consumers of agricultural products and general services in agricultural industry are analyzed with the use of information database of OECD.The results of the analysis. In Ukraine, the share of Total Support Estimate in gross national product is higher compared to Russia, the USA and EU, that is explained by greater share of agricultural industry in the economy. We used the indicator of share of Total Support Estimate in the gross value added by agricultural industry for more objective description of level of Total Support Estimate. There are essential differences between the investigated countries as for the Total Support Estimate structure. InRussia, a clear advantage is given to agricultural producers` support. In 2010, their share made almost 85% of Total Support Estimate, the remaining costs were directed to the sphere of services in agricultural industry. A similar structure of support is observed in EU countries. The main part of funds is directed to agricultural producers` support (87,2%, the share of the sphere of services is 11,5%, and the share of consumers makes 1,3%. As for 2010 in the USA, over 50% of funds were used to support the services, approximately30% to support consumers, and less than 20% to support producers of agricultural goods. The structure of support in Ukraine is characterized by lack of uniformity.Over the

  13. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, R. R. (Editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  14. Evolution of Post-war Agricultural Support Policies in China’s Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng; GU

    2014-01-01

    This paper revised the key agricultural support polices in China’s Taiwan after World War II,and examined the effects of policies on agricultural production and the farmers’ income. The research results showed that the support policies had a positive effect on agriculture development and contributed to the accomplishment of industrialization. China’s Mainland and Taiwan have similar agricultural production environment and share the same culture. Recommendations on agricultural support policy making in China’s Mainland were proposed.

  15. Industrial Chain: Industrial Vertical Definition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YifeiDu; GuojunJiang; ShimingLi

    2004-01-01

    Like value chain and supply chain, “industrial chain” becomes the focus of attention. The implication of “industrial chain” has gained a large range of extension. It not only expresses the industrial “chain” structure and relationship of “back and forward”in order or “up and down” in direction, but also it represents a cluster of large scale of firms in an area or colony. It is a network, or a community. Consequently, we conclude that “industrial chain” is a synthesis of industrial chain, industrial cluster, or industrial network.In this article, firstly we will distinguish industry chain from industry. An industry is the collection of firms that have the same attribute, so an industry can be defined by firm collection of certain attribute. We indicate that industrial chain is a kind of vertical and orderly industrial link. It is defined according to a series of specific product or service created. Secondly we analyze the vertical orderly defiinition process from the aspects of social division of labor and requirement division, self-organization system, and value analysis.Non-symmetry and depending on system or community of large scale of industrial units lead to entire industry to “orderly” structure. On the other hand, the draught of diversity and complexity of requirement simultaneously lead to entire industry to be more “orderly”. Along with processes of self-organization, industrial will appi'oach the state of more orderly and steady, and constantly make industrial chain upgrade. Each firm or unit, who will gain the value, has to establish channels of value, which we called “industrial value chain”. Lastly,we discuss the consequence of vertical and orderly definition, which is exhibited by a certain relationship body. The typical forms of industrial chain include industrial cluster, strategy alliance and vertical integration etc.

  16. The local scale, from the periphery. An analysis of the agriculture machinery industry in Las Parejas (province of Santa Fe, Argentina, in connection withits its context in the Argentine economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Narodowski

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks into the possibilities that local development strategies inspired in the reality of European countries may be applied to peripheral countries such as Argentina. A difference is made between a global/national context and a local one. the analysis takes into account geographical, sociological and economic discourses which, considering the Italian and French experience, among others, relativize the national scale as the axis of analysis and focus on the local birth as scale of reference. The agricultural machinery businesses of Las Parejas, in the province of Santa Fe, are used to exemplify how a medium-sized city can generate associative projects which help actors to deal with the context, though this is still a business performance and local productive networks life variable.

  17. Yield of Agricultural Eco-economic System in Dongting Rim

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Maozhang; HOU; Yulin; ZHU

    2013-01-01

    To analyze the efficiency of the agro-ecosystem of Dongting Rim in Hunan Province,this paper adopted the emergy theory to study the agricultural output of this region during 2001 to 2010.The results showed that the value of regional agricultural emergy output increased by44.68%to(6.50 E)sej,but lower than the growth of non-agricultural industry output.Compared with 2001,the emergy output of planting industry was(4.10E)sej in 2010 which occupied 63.09%of the total agricultural emergy output and got an increase of 2.93 percentage points,while the emergy output of stock farming got a decrease of 2.87 percentage points.The growth of fishery emergy output was not in conformity with the characteristics of Dongting Rim in Hunan.From the contrast between emergy output and economic output,we could find that the economic return ratio of planting industry and fishery industry were lower than those of forestry industry and stock farming industry,which indicated that it is necessary to improve the economic benefits of planting industry and fishery industry which were the traditional industries with advantages of the Dongting Rim in Hunan.

  18. Agricultural Decision Making Using North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, F.; Mullins, B.; Morlock, D.; Carcoana, R.

    2010-09-01

    . Agriculture remains the number one industry in North Dakota and its success will always be dependent on the weather.

  19. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  20. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  1. Nuclear power industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-28

    This press dossier presented in Shanghai (China) in April 1999, describes first the activities of the Framatome group in the people`s republic of China with a short presentation of the Daya Bay power plant and of the future Ling Ao project, and with a description of the technological cooperation with China in the nuclear domain (technology transfers, nuclear fuels) and in other industrial domains (mechanics, oil and gas, connectors, food and agriculture, paper industry etc..). The general activities of the Framatome group in the domain of energy (nuclear realizations in France, EPR project, export activities, nuclear services, nuclear fuels, nuclear equipments, industrial equipments) and of connectors engineering are presented in a second and third part with the 1998 performances. (J.S.)

  2. Strategic ways of economic development of agriculture in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klochko Vіtalіy M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article provides data with respect to the modern state and tendencies of development of the agrarian sector of Ukraine. The issue of the optimal size of an agricultural enterprise is discussed in the scientific literature. The world practice shows that competitive advantages of farms are achieved through their unification for creation of various partnerships and co-operatives, which operate on the unprofitable basis. Powerful industrial enterprises, financial, trading and service structures took advantage of absence of co-operatives and monopolised production of agricultural products, holding significant areas of agricultural land on lease. Today, ten biggest Ukrainian agro-holdings have more than three million hectares of land or 7.5% of all lands. Big capital, trying to maximise profit, is specialised, as a rule, in mono-production. The article shows main ways of strategic development of agriculture in Ukraine. Depending on the main form of farm management, there are two directions of further development of agro-industrial production: development of big agro-industrial formations (branch organisation of agro-industrial production and vertical integration in the agro-industrial complex (AIC or co-operatives (territorial organisation of agro-industrial production and horizontal integration in AIC. Depending on the way selected by the state, an organisational and economic mechanism is created. The article develops conceptual grounds of state regulation of AIC in the context of development of major agro-industrial formations and agricultural service co-operatives.

  3. Agricultural Science and Technologv Parks Initiated in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yisheng

    2003-01-01

    @@ Agricultural S&T parks (ASTPs) constitute the bases for demonstrating modern agricultural practice engaged in intensive production and commercial operations with S&T achievements as their pillars and agricultural infrastructures as the mainstay. The emergence of ASTPs is a new economic phenomenon during the past decade, and among the 400-plus such parks, 36 are State ASTPs set up with the approval of the State Council. These ASTPs have created a benign environmental condition for the advance of agricultural science and technology in China and for the development of newand high-tech-based industries in the agricultural sector, and accordingly, they have played an important role in promoting modern agriculture, in enlivening rural economy, in increasing the income of farmers, and in restructuring agriculture.

  4. Organic Agriculture and Nanotechnology

    OpenAIRE

    Jahanban, Leila; Davari, Mohammadreza

    2014-01-01

    Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which promotes and enhances agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles and soil biological activity. On the other hand, nanotechnology is a rapidly developing domain of research and practice, the terminology is in a state of flux and usage is evolving. Nano-applications are being applied across the entire agriculture and food sectors. In agriculture, for example, nano-pesticides and nano-sensors are changing ...

  5. Ukraine Agricultural Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    The agri-food sector is an important part of the Ukrainian economy. Agriculture could make an even larger contribution to economic growth and the vitality of rural areas in Ukraine than is currently the case. Ukraine has the agro-climatic potential to be a major player on world agricultural markets. Agricultural competitiveness in Ukraine also suffers from inadequate systems to test and do...

  6. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  7. Measuring agricultural policy bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    2010-01-01

    that the agricultural price incentive bias generally perceived to exist during the 1980s was largely eliminated during the 1990s. Results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of agricultural bias. Our comprehensive...... protection measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on relative agricultural price incentives....

  8. 工业化城镇化背景下我国农业发展中存在的问题及对策探讨%To Investigate Problems and Countermeasures about China′s Agricultural Development in Context of Industrialization and Urbanization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璠

    2012-01-01

    Some of the problems are appeared in China's rural and agricultural development in the context of industrialization and urbanization, such as the new problems of migrant workers, last generation fanner , low efficiency of agriculture and the problem of rural marginalization. The main reason contributing to this phenomenon is, a significant reduction of rural population due to the shift from rural to urban areas, lead to the result that agricultural modernization level lagged behind the economic system and the social development. So there still need to continue with system and policy innovation to solve the "Three-Dimensional Rural" issue, to continue promote the rural land system and management system innovation, to cultivate modern new farmers, to exchange the backward villages into new village with modern service functions.%在工业化和城镇化背景下,我国农村和农业发展中出现了农民工、末代农民、农业的低效益、农村边缘化等一些新的问题.造成上述现象的原因主要有,在人口由农村向城市转移,农村人口大量减少的背景下,一些基本的制度与经济社会发展水平相脱节,农业现代化水平滞后.提出解决“三农”问题,要继续推进城市公共物品的供给、农村土地制度和农业经营体制创新;要培育现代新型农民;要把落后的村庄改变成具有现代服务功能的新村.

  9. Agricultural Production Efficiency of Chongqing Based on DEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literatures about agricultural production efficiency are reviewed.Concept of DEA Method,as well as the definition methods of effective DEA and scale efficiency increase are introduced.According to the relevant statistical data in the years 1997-2007 in Chongqing Municipality,efficiency of agricultural economy is calculated from the year 1997 to 2007 by DEA method and the scale efficiency is also analyzed by taking the total output of agriculture,forestry,animal husbandry and fishery industry as the output index.And the input index includes total workforce in agriculture,forestry,animal husbandry and fishery,the total sown area of crops,the total power of agricultural machinery,chemical fertilizer application,the draft animal,and the effective irrigation area.Result shows that Chongqing City became a municipality directly under the central government;its agricultural production efficiency is still low.And the sustainable development capacity of agricultural is weak in Chongqing,and the agricultural resources are not fully used.Based on this,related suggestions are put forward to improve the agricultural production efficiency of Chongqing,such as implementing an appropriate management scale of land,improving the organization degree of peasant households and the rate of industrialization management,enhancing the quality of the rural labor force,strengthening the agricultural science and technology input and extension,perfecting the construction of rural infrastructure,and improving the rate of resource utilization.

  10. Literature Review of Basic Theory for Interactive Mechanism between Cluster Brand and Corpo-rate Brand in Industry of Characteristic Agricultural Product%特色农产品集群品牌与企业品牌互动机制理论基础述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海龙

    2016-01-01

    该文通过对现有文献的梳理,阐释了特色农产品集群品牌与企业品牌之间互动关系的4大基础理论,即原产地效应、信号理论、品牌理论和生态系统理论,并指出原产地效应和品牌相关理论对特色农产品领域的相关研究具有重要意义。%This article induces four main theories for interactive mechanism between cluster brand and corporate brand in industry of characteristic agricultural product. That is theory of signaling,country of origin,ecosystem and other theory related with brand. As theoretical foundations,brand theory and country of origin are more suitable for research domain of characteristic agricultural product.

  11. Practice and Exploration on China State Farms' Process of Industrialization, Urbanization and Agricultural Modernization%浅议我国农垦在“工业化、城镇化、农业现代化”进程中的实践与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾大明

    2011-01-01

    我国农垦在“三化”进程中勇于改革,大胆实践,经济社会发展取得突出业绩,在现代化农业建设中发挥示范引领作用;当前存在着体制机制缺陷和主要矛盾,鉴于农垦的特殊性,未来发展一靠农垦深化改革实施体制机制创新,尽快改变经济发展方式,进一步提高市场竞争力,二靠国家给予政策支持。%In the process of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, China state farms bolding in the reform and practices, the economic and society development have made outstanding achievements, and been giving full play to the exemplary and guiding role on the construction of modern agriculture. At the same time, it also has some systems and mechanisms which exist some obstacles and problems. In view of the particularity, for the future development of state farms, on the one hand, it will be rely on the deepening reform and system- mechanic innovation, speeding the transformation of the economic development pattern, further improving the market competitiveness; on the other hand, it also needs more policy supports from the government.

  12. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  13. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millennium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  14. Industrial Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally).......Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally)....

  15. Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretty, Jules

    2008-02-12

    productivity, reduced pesticide use and carbon balances. Significant challenges, however, remain to develop national and international policies to support the wider emergence of more sustainable forms of agricultural production across both industrialized and developing countries.

  16. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ACCOUNTING AND DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AGRICULTURAL ACCOUNTING*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Doğan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural sector, from past to present, had assumed very important duties on economic and social development of societies. It became a globally indispensable and strategic sector due to its various attributes such as: direct/indirect contributions to population nourishment, national income, employment, capital transfers, raw material supply for industry, exportation, biological diversity and ecological balance. Since the dawn of humankind, agricultural sector had gone through a variety of phases in terms of production activities and land proprietorship. Agricultural activities that emerged in the period of hunter-gatherer societies have been superseded by today’s specialized and planned agricultural enterprises utilizing information and technology. Agricultural accounting has also experienced a significant change in parallel with those improvements. This study aims to investigate historical development of agricultural accounting and difficulties encountered during its implementation. Research studies indicate that agricultural assets were initially recorded and inventory controls were performed by Sumerians. Until the Middle Ages, agricultural accounting did not experience any development, whereas it still encounters various difficulties eve

  17. Research on Urban Agricultural Scientific Development Path of the Construction of Central Economic Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dehui; WU

    2014-01-01

    The significance of developing characteristic agriculture in Central Economic Zone was elaborated from four aspects of three modernizations coordinated development,guaranteeing city supply of agricultural products,creating more jobs for farmers,making agriculture more significant. The existing problems in urban agriculture development were analyzed,such as understanding deviation,extensive development,market confusion,short industrial chain,low degree of specialization,harsh environment. Several corresponding countermeasures were put forward,including giving full play to the role of government’s macro-control; perfecting compensation mechanism of urban agriculture,developing characteristic agriculture,promoting deep processing of agricultural products; advancing scientific innovation,improving production efficiency;operating sustainable ecological agricultural development road; relying on traffic advantage,promoting industrialization operation and urban agricultural logistics development.

  18. Integrated Model of Bioenergy and Agriculture System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sigurjonsson, Hafthor Ægir; Elmegaard, Brian; Clausen, Lasse Røngaard

    2015-01-01

    Due to increased burden on the environment caused by human activities, focus on industrial ecology designs are gaining more attention. In that perspective an environ- mentally effective integration of bionergy and agriculture systems has significant potential. This work introduces a modeling...... approach that builds on Life Cycle Inventory and carries out Life Cycle Impact Assessment for a con- sequential Life Cycle Assessment on integrated bioenergy and agriculture systems. The model framework is built in Python which connects various freely available soft- ware that handle different aspects...

  19. Economic Drought Impact on Agriculture: analysis of all agricultural sectors affected

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, M.; Garrido, A.; Hernández-Mora, N.

    2012-04-01

    The analysis of drought impacts is essential to define efficient and sustainable management and mitigation. In this paper we present a detailed analysis of the impacts of the 2004-2008 drought in the agricultural sector in the Ebro river basin (Spain). An econometric model is applied in order to determine the magnitude of the economic loss attributable to water scarcity. Both the direct impacts of drought on agricultural productivity and the indirect impacts of drought on agricultural employment and agroindustry in the Ebro basin are evaluated. The econometric model measures losses in the economic value of irrigated and rainfed agricultural production, of agricultural employment and of Gross Value Added both from the agricultural sector and the agro-industrial sector. The explanatory variables include an index of water availability (reservoir storage levels for irrigated agriculture and accumulated rainfall for rainfed agriculture), a price index representative of the mix of crops grown in each region, and a time variable. The model allows for differentiating the impacts due to water scarcity from other sources of economic losses. Results show how the impacts diminish as we approach the macro-economic indicators from those directly dependent on water abstractions and precipitation. Sectors directly dependent on water are the most affected with identifiable economic losses resulting from the lack of water. From the management perspective implications of these findings are key to develop mitigation measures to reduce drought risk exposure. These results suggest that more open agricultural markets, and wider and more flexible procurement strategies of the agro-industry reduces the socio-economic exposure to drought cycles. This paper presents the results of research conducted under PREEMPT project (Policy relevant assessment of the socioeconomic effects of droughts and floods, ECHO - grant agreement # 070401/2010/579119/SUB/C4), which constitutes an effort to provide

  20. Construction of Circular Economy Industrial System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Man; Ye Wenhu

    2007-01-01

    It is difficult to realize the transformation from traditional economy industrial system to circular economy industrial system.Regarding primary raw materials as the indicators,the industrial system has been specified according to the divergence among the indicators and the circular utilization modes.In comparison with the association among industrial systems,the relationship among industrial sub-systems is named as industrial cross-linking in this paper.The industrial system which could completely utilize and recycle the indicators should be increased and strengthened,and the circular economy industrial system with complete industrial association and industrial cross-linking should also be constructed.Taking the development of circular agricultural system basing on the traditional agricultural system as an example,the traditional agricultural products are regarded as the indicators which have been divided into foodstuff and crop straws which are used to produce food and articlesfor use,like fertilizer,energy and papers etc.The way to construct the circular agricultural industrial system is to increase the industrial systems that could utilize the products generated from crop straws,feces and other castoffs and transform the wastewater and other trucks into environmental friendly products.It has also been pointed out that the construction of circular economy industrial system is conducive to the foundation of circular industrial economics and the establishment of the construction layout of circular economy and the application schemes.Suggestions to the theoretical and practical work of the next step have also been brought forward in this paper.

  1. Aplicação da manufatura enxuta em uma indústria de equipamentos agrícolas Application of lean manufacturing in an industry of agricultural equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Barth Bartz

    2013-04-01

    , increasing their efficiency. The objective of this study was to decrease the lead-time required by the studied company, by practical application of just-in-time searching for lean production in a metalworking company, manufacturer of agricultural implements. To meet this purpose, a case study of qualitative and descriptive order was carried out. To collect data, observation and documental analysis were performed, in order to understand the production processes, then working with the collection of data, through structured interviews in order to identify the difficulties encountered by suppliers in providing the supplies within the agreed specifications. The company had high indexes of late delivery of their products because of the high lead-time. Through the development of the mapping of actual flow, it was found that the organization was working with a production pushed and much of the late occurred because of problems in the supply of inputs. By eliminating tasks that did not add value to the final product, a lean value flow was produced for the process, identifying the major problems which caused the suppliers to provide the supplies out of specification or out of date and suggested actions that could be implemented for the elimination of these delays. Through these actions, the reduction in lead time was observed, helping to better meet delivery deadlines, increased competitiveness, a relevant fact to keep in today's market of agricultural equipment.

  2. Analysis on Investment Behavior of Agricultural Sector in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Zhuo

    2015-01-01

    In the process of industrialization, China has been a big agricultural country, and the agricultural sector's economic activities have been playing important role in economic growth. This paper established the investment behavior model of agricultural enterprises on the basis of Chinese practice. And then, the model presented the important factors impacting on investment, such as financing cost, wage, and policy factors,etc. Thirdly, this paper in particular usedR-studio to estimate the impact of financing cost and policy factor on investment and capital accumulation of primary industry sector by gathering the data from 2003 to 2013. The results showed that the official interest rate of loans of financial institutions could be the proxy variable as the financing cost of agricultural enterprises, and the employment level of agricultural enterprises had negative impact on investment. Finally, this paper provided some explanations and suggestions on the basis of above results.

  3. Conservation Agriculture in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Kertész

    2014-03-01

    Yield performance and stability, operating costs, environmental policies and programs of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP, and climate change will likely be the major driving forces defining the direction and for the extension of CA in Europe. The role of agriculture in climate change mitigation in the EU is discussed in the paper.

  4. Agricultural lung diseases.

    OpenAIRE

    Kirkhorn, S R; Garry, V F

    2000-01-01

    Agriculture is considered one of the most hazardous occupations. Organic dusts and toxic gases constitute some of the most common and potentially disabling occupational and environmental hazards. The changing patterns of agriculture have paradoxically contributed to both improved working conditions and increased exposure to respiratory hazards. Animal confinement operations with increasing animal density, particularly swine confinement, have contributed significantly to increased intensity an...

  5. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  6. The Urban Agriculture Circle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansma, J.E.; Chambers, Joe; Sabas, Eva; Veen, E.J.

    2015-01-01

    The lack of inclusion of urban agriculture in city planning directly affects the success of initiatives in this sector, which subsequently could impede fu-ture innovations. The poor representation of urban agriculture in planning can be attributed to a lack of understanding about its multi-functiona

  7. Theme: Marketing Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staller, Bernie L.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Consists of six articles on marketing agricultural education. Topics include (1) being consumer conscious, (2) cooperating with agribusiness, (3) preparing students for postsecondary education, (4) allowing concurrent enrollments, (5) saving the failing agricultural program, and (6) refocusing the curriculum toward agrimarketing. (CH)

  8. Theme: Urban Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellibee, Margaret; And Others

    1990-01-01

    On the theme of secondary agricultural education in urban areas, this issue includes articles on opportunities, future directions, and implications for the profession; creative supervised experiences for horticulture students; floral marketing, multicultural education; and cultural diversity in urban agricultural education. (JOW)

  9. EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES SYNTHESIS ON INDUSTRIAL WASTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.P.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Data from the literature and our own studies on the synthesis of microbial exopolysaccharides on various industrial waste (food industry, agricultural sector, biodiesel production, etc. are reviewed here. Utilization of industrial waste to obtain exopolysaccharides will solve not only the problem of secondary raw materials accumulation, but also will reduce the costs of the biosynthesis of practically valuable metabolites. In addition, some kinds of waste have a number of advantages compared to traditional carbohydrate substrates: aside from environmental health benefits, there are technological ones, like the presence of growth factors. There is also no need to use anti-foam substances and substrate sterilization in the latter case.

  10. Perceptions of Agriculture Teachers Regarding Education about Biomass Production in Iowa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Guang; Martin, Robert A.

    2015-01-01

    With the growth of biorenewable energy, biomass production has become an important segment in the agriculture industry (Iowa Energy Center, 2013). A great workforce will be needed for this burgeoning biomass energy industry (Iowa Workforce Development, n. d.). Instructional topics in agricultural education should take the form of problems and…

  11. 77 FR 11064 - Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Agricultural Research Service Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture... Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting dates are March 5-6, 2012..., 2012. The AC21 consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food...

  12. Regional diversity of agricultural labor productivity and its driving force in east China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Ziqiang; Li Jing; Lu Qi

    2009-01-01

    China's eastern area is at middle and later stage of industrialization during which the relation between ur ban and rural areas,industry and agriculture appears maladjusted The main problems are shrinkage in agricultural somparative earning and lack of driving force of agricultural development.Based on calculating agricultural labor productivity in east China from 1996 to 2005,this paper analyzes contributing degree of motive forces of agriculture develop in ten provinces and cities of east China applying GCA (Grey correlative analysis).The results show that there is no absolute correspondence between the level of industrialization and agricultural labor productivity in Chi,na's cotstern area.There is no synchronous development between industry and agricultural labor productivity in some areas.Fertilizer and agricultural machinery input had high contributing degree for ten years; however,contributing degree in land and irrigation work input was low.Non-materialization inputs became the leading role in most provinc,es and cities' increase of agricultural labor productivity.Modern agricultural development need non-materializationinputs as primary motive.force,at the same time,direct material input and facility input as guaranteed function.Forsome reasons,agricultural development is characterized by "more direct material input,less facility input" in east China now.Optimal driving force model of future agricultural development in east China is that non-materializatior inputs are dominant that perfected facilitv input are guarantee,and that certain substance inputs are necessary.

  13. Agricultural Development in Zambia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Søren; Hampwaye, Godfrey; Phiri, Douglas

    industry. The study, which is the first of its kind in Zambia, reveals that a major part of the interviewed firms find that they have performed above industry average the last five years. A minor part states performance below industry average. Close to 80% of the firms views government and business...

  14. Transformation of the dairy industry toward sustainability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thongplew, Natapol; Koppen, van C.S.A.; Spaargaren, Gert

    2016-01-01

    After decades of promoting organic agriculture, organic dairy production and consumption have been widely embraced by industrialized countries and have recently emerged in newly industrialized countries, although they take different shapes in different countries. In this article, the development

  15. How Mobile Are Resources in Chinese Agriculture?——Implications for China's Agricultural Trade Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Funing Zhong; Jing Zhu; Zhengqin Xie

    2007-01-01

    Agricultural trade policy in China has been the subject of heated discussion since China's accession to the WTO. Studies have been carried out and propositions put forth regarding comparative advantage, food security, development of the industry, and farmers' income.In this paper, we attempt to provide an analysis from another important perspective:resource mobility, which is an essential assumption in free trade theory. By examining the mobility of different production resources in Chinese agriculture, namely natural resources,capital inputs, human resources and institutional arrangements, we found that for most production resources in Chinese agriculture, mobility is low. The results have significant policy implications in two respects: first, protective measures in the transitional period for certain crops in certain areas in China are legitimate and necessary to ensure social stability; and second, policy instruments to improve resource mobility in Chinese agricultural should be explored and implemented to realize more trade benefit in the future.

  16. An Analysis of the Influence of Chinese Agriculture on National Economy and the Macroeconomic Effects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming GE; Suping ZHAO

    2015-01-01

    As a basic industry,agriculture has a far-reaching impact on national economy. Based on input-output tables of China in 2005 and2010,this paper gives a deep insight into the relationship between agriculture and national economy and its macroeconomic effects by the methods of input-output analysis,industrial correlation and macroeconomic effect analysis. The results show that the agricultural development is highly dependent on the national economy,but makes low contribution; agriculture contributes to promoting employment and improving the structure of national income distribution; despite the government’s tax incentive,the agricultural equipments are updated slowly,and the corporate profits are at low level; agricultural export effect is far below the average industry level,but the import effect increases over the years,and final products are often used for domestic consumption. Finally,we set forth recommendations for improving the development of agriculture and national economy.

  17. Innovative Programs in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Vocational Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

    Developmental programs resulting from the increased emphasis on off-farm agricultural occupations and considered innovative by state wupervisors of agricultural education are described: (1) 17 high school vocational agriculture programs in horticulture, agricultural mechanics, forestry and conservation, agriculture and distribution, cooperative…

  18. Water Use Efficiency Improvement against a Backdrop of Expanding City Agglomeration in Developing Countries—A Case Study on Industrial and Agricultural Water Use in the Bohai Bay Region of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minghao Bai

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Most city agglomerations of developing countries face water shortages and pollution due to population growth and industrial aggregation. To meet such water security challenges, policy makers need to evaluate water use efficiency at the regional or basin level because the prosperity of city agglomerations is indispensable to the sustainable development of the region or basin. To solve the issue, this paper adopts a non-directional distance function within the framework of environmental production technology to measure water use efficiency. Based on the distance between actual water use efficiency and the ideal efficiency, it calculates the potential reduction space of water input and pollutants by slack adjustment. Added to the Malmquist index, it forms a non-radial Malmquist water use performance index, which can be divided into technological change and technical efficiency change, to measure dynamic water use efficiency. Further, water use efficiency change is analyzed from the perspectives of technological improvement and institutional construction. Bohai Bay city agglomeration, a typical water-deficient city agglomeration in China, is taken as a case study, and data on water resource, environment, and economy from 2011 to 2014 have been used. In conclusion, there is much space for water use efficiency improvement on the whole. However, even having considered potential reduction space of water input and pollutant discharge under current environmental production technology, it is still not enough to support the city agglomeration’s sustainable development. To relieve current potential water safety hazards, not only technical improvement but also institution innovation for highly efficient water use should be kept accelerating in Bohai Bay region. In terms of urban water management in developing countries, the research conclusion is of theoretical and practical significance.

  19. Industrial Waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    generation rates and material composition as well as determining factors are discussed in this chapter. Characterizing industrial waste is faced with the problem that often only a part of the waste is handled in the municipal waste system, where information is easily accessible. In addition part...... of the system industry has to inform at the planning stage and afterwards in yearly reports on their waste arising and how the waste is managed. If available such information is very helpful in obtaining information about that specific industry. However, in many countries there is very little information...... available about industrial waste – maybe also influenced by the policy of the industry as to making information publicly available. The data presented in this chapter is scarce and maybe not fully representative for the industrial sectors and hence should be used with caution only....

  20. 7 CFR 701.57 - Private non-industrial forest land.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Private non-industrial forest land. 701.57 Section 701..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM EMERGENCY CONSERVATION PROGRAM AND CERTAIN RELATED PROGRAMS PREVIOUSLY ADMINISTERED UNDER THIS PART § 701.57 Private non-industrial forest land....

  1. Food and Agriculture Policy in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A Birt

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Diet includes many risk factors for the most common non-communicable diseases (NCDs, but diets consumed in Europe and in other parts of the developed world are not being modified sufficiently to take account of health priorities concerning, in particular, the prevention of NCDs, while much excess mortality and morbidity could be prevented by government actions to regulate appropriately both the agricultural and food industries, and to apply appropriate taxes and subsidies to promote healthier nutrition. In Europe, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP continues to promote production of saturated fat rich foods and sugar, with scarce attempts to promote increased production of fruit and vegetables. Meanwhile, the food industry continues to market secondary food products rich in sugar, salt and saturated fats. Powerful lobbies seek to block reform; however, necessary reforms are indicated in the interests of improved nutritional health.

  2. Accidental injuries in agriculture in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, C

    2002-12-01

    The rate of occupational accidents in British agriculture is higher than in most other industries. The most common fatal accidents are those involving vehicles and machinery, falls from a height and electrocution. A substantial proportion of reported non-fatal injuries in agricultural employees is attributable to manual handling, but among self-employed farmers the contribution is much smaller. Few data are available on longer-term determinants of risk, but accidental deaths are most frequent in July, August and September. The main approaches to preventing agricultural accidents are through engineering improvements, and education and training of the workforce. The introduction of roll-over protection structures for tractors has been an important development in recent decades. Other engineering controls include guards for power take off shafts, guard rails to prevent falls, better handling facilities for animals and closed transfer systems for pesticides. Training on safety is available from several sources, but its effectiveness in reducing accidents is uncertain.

  3. Agriculture and private sector

    OpenAIRE

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The pa...

  4. Atoms in Agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborne, Thomas S. [University of Tennessee

    1965-01-01

    Agriculture benefits from the applications of research. Radioactive techniques have been used to study soils, plants, microbes, insects, farm animals, and new ways to use and preserve foodstuffs. Radioactive atoms are not used directly by farmers but are used in research directed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Atomic Energy Commission, by the agricultural experiment stations of the various states, and by numerous public and private research institutions. From such research come improved materials and methods which are used on the farm.

  5. Longshoring Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    a)(1). (5) ANSI Z-89.1-1986, Personnel Protection-Protective Headwear for Industrial Workers-Requirements; IBR approved for 1917.93(b). (6) ANSI Z-41... Headwear for Industrial Workers-Requirements.” (c) Protective hats previously worn shall be cleaned and disinfected before issuance by the employer to... Headwear for Industrial Workers-Requirements; IBR approved for §1918.103(b). (6) ANSI Z-41-1991, American National Standard for Personal Protection

  6. Coal industry annual 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States.This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 24 million short tons for 1996. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

  7. Coal Industry Annual 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-10-01

    This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. Consumption for nonutility power producers not included in this report is estimated to be 21 million short tons for 1995.

  8. An Improved Empirical Model for Evaluating the Influence of Agricultural Supply Chain on Food Processing Enterprise Performance

    OpenAIRE

    XiaoFei Zhao

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture supply chain has much economic benefits, it can promote the product circulation, provide cooperation opportunity for both the upstream and downstream enterprises. In order to analyze how the agriculture supply chain effect on the business performance in food processing industry, we make a statistical analysis about the effect of agriculture supply chain on food processing industry by using data from 1990 to 2013. The result shows that: First, Agriculture supply chain development w...

  9. Evaluation on the Risks of Agricultural Industrial Chain Based on FAHP%基于模糊层次分析法(FAHP)的农业产业链风险因素评估——以武陵山民族地区为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彬

    2011-01-01

    Through recognizing the risking factors of industrial chain and selecting appropriate evaluation method,the indicator system on evalua ting risking factors in industrial chain is constructed including market risk,natural risk,contact risk and efficiency risk,26 weighting indicators un der the four layers are set up. Taking ethnic groups in Wuling Mountain as an example, the risking factors of agricultural industrial chain in the ar ea are analyzed by adopting the FAHP. The influencing degree of each risking factor on credit risks is analyzed. The results present that with the market risk,contract risk,natural risk and efficiency risk. The natural risks become the principal risks of agricultural industrial chain and it should be paid much attention to. The low credit risk is a major factor that causes the contract between enterprise and rural households. The flood,pests, diseases and disasters also should be paid high attention to that is regarded as risking factors. The risking factors that come from the efficiency risk layer,for example,the unequal profit distribution among enterprises has little effect on industrial chain enterprises. The research results provide evidence for stipulating risk prevention measures.%通过产业链风险因素的识别,选择适当发的评估方法,构建了产业链风险因素评估指标体系,包括市场风险、自然风险、契约风险、效率风险4个层次,下设26个衡量指标.以武陵山民族地区为例,采取模糊层次分析法(FAHP),对该地区的农业产业链风险因素进行评估,分析各风险因素对违约风险的影响程度.结果表明,就市场风险层面、契约风险层面、自然风险层面和效率风险层面而言,来源于自然风险层面的风险因素最高,自然风险成为农业产业链风险因素中最重要的风险,是必须引起高度重视的;违约成本低是企业和农户选择违约的一个重要因素;旱涝、病虫害和疫情也是必须引起高度监

  10. America's water: Agricultural water demands and the response of groundwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, M.; Parthasarathy, V.; Etienne, E.; Russo, T. A.; Devineni, N.; Lall, U.

    2016-07-01

    Agricultural, industrial, and urban water use in the conterminous United States (CONUS) is highly dependent on groundwater that is largely drawn from nonsurficial wells (>30 m). We use a Demand-Sensitive Drought Index to examine the impacts of agricultural water needs, driven by low precipitation, high agricultural water demand, or a combination of both, on the temporal variability of depth to groundwater across the CONUS. We characterize the relationship between changes in groundwater levels, agricultural water deficits relative to precipitation during the growing season, and winter precipitation. We find that declines in groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer and around the Mississippi River Valley are driven by groundwater withdrawals used to supplement agricultural water demands. Reductions in agricultural water demands for crops do not, however, lead to immediate recovery of groundwater levels due to the demand for groundwater in other sectors in regions such as Utah, Maryland, and Texas.

  11. Discussion about Shareholding Cooperative Development Road for Agricultural Cooperatives in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yongcai WANG

    2016-01-01

    Using modern economic theories,this paper analyzed drawbacks of Shareholding cooperative development of agricultural cooperatives in institutional design and expounded inevitable difficulties of development of agricultural cooperatives. Shareholding cooperative development provides a pass for many social forces entering and controlling agricultural cooperatives and making numerous non-agricultural cooperative organizations become formal cooperatives. Deep cause for Shareholding cooperative development of agricultural cooperatives involves how to recognize status and function of family producers of agricultural products in the drive of agricultural modernization and the problem of state policies choosing family producers of agricultural products or other participants in the agricultural industry chain. Shareholding cooperative development is only an expedient measure in certain period,and it should not change development laws of things and essential feature of agricultural cooperatives because of stressing national conditions.

  12. Coal industry annual 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    Coal Industry Annual 1997 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. US Coal production for 1997 and previous years is based on the annual survey EIA-7A, Coal Production Report. This report presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, and coal quality for Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report includes a national total coal consumption for nonutility power producers that are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. 14 figs., 145 tabs.

  13. Coal industry annual 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-12-06

    Coal Industry Annual 1993 replaces the publication Coal Production (DOE/FIA-0125). This report presents additional tables and expanded versions of tables previously presented in Coal Production, including production, number of mines, Productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves. This report also presents data on coal consumption, coal distribution, coal stocks, coal prices, coal quality, and emissions for a wide audience including the Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In addition, Appendix A contains a compilation of coal statistics for the major coal-producing States. This report does not include coal consumption data for nonutility Power Producers who are not in the manufacturing, agriculture, mining, construction, or commercial sectors. This consumption is estimated to be 5 million short tons in 1993.

  14. Agricultural Drainage Well Intakes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Locations of surface intakes for registered agriculture drainage wells according to the database maintained by IDALS. Surface intakes were located from their...

  15. Agricultural Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of injury from working with livestock Risk of electrocution to persons operating large equipment that can contact ... which identifies common agricultural hazards and provides safety solutions for employers and young workers to prevent accidents ...

  16. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private......Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... sector. It concentrates on those areas that are of particular focus for DFID policy and strategy....

  17. Agricultural Health Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... type Progress Annual Report to the Nation Cancer Portfolio Snapshots Milestones in Cancer Research & Discovery Stories of ... the Agricultural Health Study (1994–2007). Environmental Health Perspectives 2011; online May 27, doi:10.1289/ehp. ...

  18. Agricultural Producer Certificates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Certified Agricultural Producer, or representative thereof, is an individual who wishes to sell regionally-grown products in the public right-of-way. A Certified...

  19. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  20. Department of Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

      Topics Animal Health Biotechnology Climate Solutions Conservation Disaster and Emergency Preparedness Employee Services Energy Environment and Natural Resources Ethics Farm Bill Food and Nutrition Food Safety Forestry Housing Assistance Laws and Regulations Organic Agriculture ...

  1. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...... sector. It concentrates on those areas that are of particular focus for DFID policy and strategy....

  2. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  3. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture...

  4. East Europe Report, Economic and Industrial Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    materials for the food industry . The results of this increase, after all possible compensating measures and modera- ting steps had been taken, were...17 percent), construction projects (by 13 percent), the food industry (by 14.5 percent), and in freight transportation rates (by 10 percent). The...wholesale prices in all the remaining sectors of the food industry . The new wholesale prices will incorporate new procurement prices of agricultural

  5. Environmental Regulation and Industry Location in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    This paper estimates the effect of environmental regulation on industry location and compares it with other determinants of location such as agricultural, education and R&D country characteristics. The analysis is based on a general empirical trade model that captures the interaction between country and industry characteristics in determining industry location. The Johnson-Neyman technique is used to fully explicate the nature of the conditional interactions. The model is applied to data on 1...

  6. Scoping Agriculture, Wetland Interactions

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Agriculture is identified as the main cause of wetland degradation and loss. Using a drivers, pressures, state changes, impacts and responses (DPSIR) framework to analyze 90 cases drawn from all parts of the world and all wetland types, this report assesses the character of agriculture - wetlands interactions (AWIs) and their impacts in socio-economic and ecosystem services terms. The report is a technical framework that is used to scope out the relevance and nature of AWIs, identify response...

  7. USSR Report, Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    rations for ruminant animals. Its preparation from corn of milky-waxy ripeness, assuming the observance of all of the technological requirements, makes...combines of the agricultural chemicals association or on the kolkhozes and sovkhozes for the preservation of liquid preservatives or special means of...Tatar combine of the agricultural chemicals association, liquid preserv- atives are kept in wide-diameter polytheylene pipes.. A storage unit with

  8. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  9. Comprehensive Evaluation on Agricultural Structure and Correlation of Agricultural Internal Structure——A Case of Yimeng Mountainous Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the relevant data from Chinese Statistical Yearbook, the overall agricultural structure and the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are analyzed. The status quo of the agricultural and the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are analyzed through the method of comprehensive appraisal of the improved factors. The safety coefficient of the comprehensive appraisal is from 2.626 696 to 4.987 546,which is exclude in the safety extent, so it needs adjusting. At the same time, the internal relations of the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are studied by using the relativity analysis. The overall agricultural structure of Yimeng Mountainous area is in negative correlation to planting structure and forestry structure, and in positive correlation to livestock breeding industry; the plating structure is in negative correlation to livestock breeding structure and in positive correlation to forestry structure and the forestry structure is in negative correlation to livestock breeding structure.

  10. Industrial Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsay, Dan

    Intended for seniors planning a career in industry as skilled laborers, this specialized course in Industrial Communications offers the student basic communications skills which he will need in his work and in his daily life. Since class activities center around short, factual oral reports, class size will be limited to 20, providing a maximum of…

  11. Renewable raw materials in the field of industry; Nachwachsende Rohstoffe in der Industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, D.

    2006-07-01

    Being used to the practiced processing of raw materials for many decades the industry had to tap the advantage of renewable raw materials again. Conventional processing methods had to be changed and to be newly developed. This has been a rewarding task considering the ecological advantages but also considering the interesting markets for products based upon renewable raw materials. Today the German industry above all the chemical industry again processes agricultural and forestal raw materials to a considerable extent. Ten percent of the raw materials processed by the chemical industry are renewable. The wood processing industry is an important economic sector that achieves a value creation with the raw material wood exceeding the value creation of other industries by far. This brochure gives an overview of the possible substances, which are processed from renewable raw materials in Germany and it shows the important role that agricultural raw materials and wood already play for the industry nowadays. (orig.)

  12. Industry honoured

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    CERN has organised a day to thank industry for its exceptional contributions to the LHC project. Lucio Rossi addresses CERN’s industrial partners in the Main Auditorium.The LHC inauguration provided an opportunity for CERN to thank all those who have contributed to transforming this technological dream into reality. Industry has been a major player in this adventure. Over the last decade it has lent its support to CERN’s teams and participating institutes in developing, building and assembling the machine, its experiments and the computing infrastructure. CERN involved its industrial partners in the LHC inauguration by organising a special industry prize-giving day on 20 October. Over 70 firms accepted the invitation. The firms not only made fundamental contributions to the project, but some have also supported LHC events in 2008 and the inauguration ceremony through generous donations, which have been coordinated by Carmen Dell’Erba, who is responsible for secu...

  13. 比较优势、FDI与中国农产品产业国际竞争力——基于全球价值链背景下的思考%Comparative Advantage, FDI and International Competitiveness of China' s Agricultural Products Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘林青; 周潞

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the export competitive advantage and trends of foreign-invested enterprises and local businesses. Through tracking and quering agriculture-related enterprises of Fortune 500 and the layout of the situation in China, the paper describes the global value chain of agricultural products which is controlled by overseas "dominant" enterprises. The results reveal that China is a world large trade nation in agricultural products. However, the international competitiveness of agricultural products is comparatively weak. Decomposing the export data index according to enterprise types, the paper finds that foreign-funded enterprises' contribution began to account for larger proportion since the year 2004. Though Chinese agricultural products are mainly high value-added pro- cessed products, the contribution rate goes half between the foreign-funded enterprises and local ones. The industrial chain of domestic farm products is facing the invasion of foreign investments, but local enterprises have difficulties in get- ting into the global value chain which is controlled by overseas "dominant" enterprises. Only when domestic enterprises are bigger and stronger and actively participate in the global value chain can they promote their and national industries' competitiveness.%本文通过基于全球价值链理论的产业国际竞争力二维评价模型和新的农产品分类方法,重新审视了中国农产品的国际竞争力问题。结果表明:尽管农产品出口在中国总出口中所占份额越来越小,但在国际市场上的份额虽小却地位相当重要,且呈现上升趋势;中国农产品民族产业国际竞争力的降幅超过了国家产业国际竞争力,外资对中国农产品国际竞争力的贡献已经接近40%;中国农产品出口已经开始向高附加值环节集聚,加工产品占到农产品出口的四成,但其国际竞争力的一半是由外资贡献的,民族企业的主角地位

  14. Plight and Path in Agricultural Modernization Promotion through Endogenous Increase of Farmers’ Income

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    From analysis on the plight of promotion of agricultural modernization through endogenous increase of farmers’ income,it is believed that the fundamental obstacle lies in inherent weakness of agriculture,lagging of farmers’ quality,as well as defectiveness of agricultural external system.On this basis,an available path,namely energetically developing the industrialized,market-oriented and knowledge-based agriculture is put forward.

  15. A method for producing solid fuel from agricultural wastes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khigasikuni, T.; Fudziki, A.; Koisi, K.

    1982-10-18

    A method is proposed for producing fuel from agricultural wastes (SOt), which includes a stage of rough grinding of the agricultural wastes, a stage for drying them and a stage for molding into products with a total density of greater than or equal to 1 in which the water which remains in the agricultural wastes or water added to the agricultural wastes is used as the binder. It is proposed that a fuel gas, generated in the process of solvent processing, that is, neutralization, aging and subsequent fermentation of part of the agricultural waste, be used as a source of heat in the stage for drying the ground agricultural wastes. It is best to use organic wastes from the food industry, for instance, citrus rinds and so on, as the agricultural waste. The water content in the agricultural wastes is regulated within 15 plus or minus percent in the stage for shaping the solid fuel. The fuel gas generated from part of the agricultural waste and used in the drying stage chiefly includes CH/sub 4/ and EtOH, MeOH, CO/sub 2/ and other admixtures, whose content varies relative to the composition of the agricultural wastes.

  16. Agricultural Development Mode Transformation and Government Functions in Guizhou Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Based on the brief account of the connotation of transforming economic development pattern and government functions,the thesis will introduce the development status of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:firstly,single agricultural industrial structure;secondly,large gap between urban and rural development;thirdly,low-level utilization of agricultural science and technology;fourthly,fierce contradiction between agricultural mode of production and ecological environment.Then it analyzes the basic requirements for government functions in transforming the development pattern of agricultural economy in Guizhou Province:the first one is the function to guide sustainable development and the structural adjustment of agricultural production;the second is the function to coordinate urban-rural development and equally supply basic public goods;the third is the function to input science and technology to serve agriculture;the fourth one is the dominant function to promote the harmonious development of man and nature as well as to reduce the number of peasants.In order to promote the transformation of agricultural development mode and maintain the sound and rapid economic development,some corresponding measures and suggestions are proposed from the perspective of government functions:firstly,promoting the optimization and upgrading of industrial structure;secondly,the government should take the lead in providing rural public goods;thirdly,strengthening the skills training and technological education of rural labor force;fourthly,reducing the number of farmers and retaining the farmers.

  17. The Ways and Strategies for Overall Development of the Modernization of Agriculture in Chongqing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongyong Zhu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article studies the causes of the low-leveled conditions of agricultural production in Chongqing, the low-degreed organization, scale and standardization on production, the huge income gap between urban and rural residents and the indistinctive diversification and characteristics of agricultural modernization. It analyzes Chongqing made use of industry to nurture agriculture in the context of scientific development and enriching the people and developing the city, cities promote the development of rural areas, improve the quality and efficiency of agriculture and explore a suitable development path for modern agriculture based on Chongqing facts. This study researches the base of Chongqing in developing modern agriculture, determines the clear development goals and analyzes the issues of large-scale operation and transfer of rural labor that influence the development of featured agriculture in Chongqing. It is developed from five aspects: cultivate business entities of modern agriculture, accelerate the innovation in agricultural science and technology, optimize the agricultural public services, develop ecological agriculture and establish a system of modern agricultural industry, in order to speed up the construction of agricultural modernization, promote the sustained and rapid growth of farmers' income and seek for proper ways and strategies to promote the development of agricultural modernization in Chongqing.

  18. Industrial vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ole

    1998-01-01

    This dissertation is concerned with the introduction of vision-based application s in the ship building industry. The industrial research project is divided into a natural seq uence of developments, from basic theoretical projective image generation via CAD and subpixel analysis to a description...... of the experienc e achieved during the project is provided. The project is industrial oriented. An essential part of the project has been focused on the possi-bilities for immediate use of the results. A full implemented application doing vision ba sed positioning is described. It is concluded that visionbased...

  19. [Effects of agricultural activities and transgenic crops on agricultural biodiversity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xi-Tao; Luo, Hong-Bing; Li, Jun-Sheng; Huang, Hai; Liu, Yong-Bo

    2014-09-01

    Agricultural biodiversity is a key part of the ecosystem biodiversity, but it receives little concern. The monoculture, environmental pollution and habitat fragmentation caused by agricultural activities have threatened agricultural biodiversity over the past 50 years. To optimize agricultural management measures for crop production and environmental protection, we reviewed the effects of agricultural activities, including cultivation patterns, plastic mulching, chemical additions and the cultivation of transgenic crops, on agricultural biodiversity. The results showed that chemical pesticides and fertilizers had the most serious influence and the effects of transgenic crops varied with other factors like the specific transgene inserted in crops. The environmental risk of transgenic crops should be assessed widely through case-by-case methods, particularly its potential impacts on agricultural biodiversity. It is important to consider the protection of agricultural biodiversity before taking certain agricultural practices, which could improve agricultural production and simultaneously reduce the environmental impacts.

  20. Industrial pioneers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassink, J.

    2014-01-01

    With their knowledge of metallurgy, mechanics and thermodynamics, mechanical engineers had to give shape to the industrial revolution in the Netherlands 150 years ago. This revolution only slowly gathered momentum, however, especially in comparison with England.

  1. Research on financial performance evaluation of public company in Agriculture, Forestry, Animal Husbandry & Fishery Industry with AHP%农林牧渔行业上市公司财务绩效评价研究——基于层次分析法的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾维林

    2012-01-01

    根据《中央企业综合绩效评价管理暂行办法》及其实施细则的要求和指标设置的一般方案,构建了上市公司财务绩效评价体系,运用层次分析法确定财务绩效评价体系的权重,对我国农林牧渔行业的42家上市公司进行综合评价,客观地反映了上市公司的财务绩效水平.%According to the requirements and the general index setting scheme of Interim Measures for the Administration of Comprehensive Peoeormance Evaluation of Central Enterprises, the paper first constructs a financial performance evaluation system of public company, and then determines the weights of financial performance evaluation system with AHP. Using the above mentioned financial performance evaluation system,we comprehensively evaluate forty-two public companies in Agriculture, Forestry, Animal Hus- bandry & Fishery Industry,which reflects the financial performance of some public companies.

  2. Key Problems and Solution of Agriculture and Animal Products Industry Technology Innovation Strategy Alliance Sustainable Development%农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟持续发展的关键问题及解决思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李孝忠; 周慧秋

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduced domestic typical pilot union running situation from the definition of agriculture and animal products industry technology innovation strategy alliance; analyzed the common and difference of the alliance in the organizational structure, project operation, and fund raising; and then pointed out that the crux of the alliance. At last, the paper proposed the corresponding thinking and suggestions under the guidance of the government to solve the sustainable development problem.%从农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟的定义出发,介绍了国内有代表性农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟的运行情况,分析了农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟在组织结构、项目运行、经费筹集等方面的共性及区别,指出农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟发展的症结所在,并就政府指导下的农畜产品产业技术创新战略联盟持续发展给出了相应的思考和建议。

  3. Urban Agriculture Program Planning Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemp, Paul E.; Ethridge, Jim

    Urban agriculture may be defined as those areas of agriculture that are practiced in metropolitan settings, plus knowledge and skills in agricultural subject areas which lead to vocational proficiency and improved quality of life or effective citizenship. Agriculture areas that are especially significant in urban settings include ornamental…

  4. Electronics Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    companies to begin listing stock options as expenses on financial reports (Chappell, 2005). The industry had used stock options extensively to help... stock options (Chappell, 2005). Industry representatives interviewed by the group argued against the requirement since they predict U.S. companies...may be less inclined now to offer stock options , and subsequently talent may be lost to aggressive foreign competition (Anonymous interviews, 2006

  5. Financial Statements in Providing Financial Security of Agricultural Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Olha Vdovenko

    2014-01-01

    In conditions of severe market competition and economic turmoil financial security of agricultural businesses largely depends on the effectiveness of management decisions, reporting being the information support to ensure such decision making. Thus, the practice of preparing accounting figures and their adjustment has a direct effect on agricultural businesses financial security. Having been generalized at the industry level, statistical and financial statements are used for the development o...

  6. Data mining in agriculture

    CERN Document Server

    Mucherino, Antonio; Pardalos, Panos M

    2009-01-01

    Data Mining in Agriculture represents a comprehensive effort to provide graduate students and researchers with an analytical text on data mining techniques applied to agriculture and environmental related fields. This book presents both theoretical and practical insights with a focus on presenting the context of each data mining technique rather intuitively with ample concrete examples represented graphically and with algorithms written in MATLAB®. Examples and exercises with solutions are provided at the end of each chapter to facilitate the comprehension of the material. For each data mining technique described in the book variants and improvements of the basic algorithm are also given. Also by P.J. Papajorgji and P.M. Pardalos: Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems, 'Springer Optimization and its Applications' vol. 25, ©2009.

  7. A Study on the Countermeasures of Modern Agricultural Development from a Perspective of E-Commerce --A Case of Suzhou, China

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Xun-wen

    2010-01-01

    Based on the fact that E-commerce promotes the development of modern agriculture, the paper summarizes the present situation of agricultural E-commerce through related materials. Taking Suzhou city as an example, the paper analyzes the features of modern agriculture. And the modern agriculture is characterized with apparent industrialization and scale requirements, the branded and particular agriculture has more advantages, leisure agriculture is the very special one. In order to upgrade the ...

  8. Agricultural risk management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Mogens; Oksen, Arne; Larsen, Torben U.;

    2005-01-01

    A new model for risk management in agriculture is described in the paper. The risk model is constructed as a context dependent process, which includes four main phases. The model is aimed at agricultural advisors, who wish to facilitate and disseminate risk management to farmers. It is developed...... and tested by an action research approach in an attempt to make risk management more applicable on family farms. Our obtained experiences indicate that farmers don’t apply probabilistic thinking and other concepts according to formal decision theory....

  9. Measuring Agricultural Bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    . For the 15 sample countries, the results indicate that the agricultural price incentive bias, which was generally perceived to exist during the 1980s, was largely eliminated during the 1990s. The results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics - including trade...... shares and intersectoral linkages - are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of trade policy bias. The GE-ERP measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on agricultural price incentives. A Monte Carlo procedure confirms that the results are robust...

  10. Exploration and Enlightenment on Constraints of Modern Agricultural Construction in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of financial,scientific and technological,and resource factors constraining modern agricultural development,we analyze a series of effective explorations amid the plight of modern agriculture in China.Results show that significant achievements have been made through measures such as increasing agricultural investment,strengthening research and development and popularization of agricultural science and technology,enhancing infrastructure construction,and great improvement has been made in agricultural production,farmers’ living,agricultural science and technology,agricultural industrialization and scale level of land.In line with these,we sum up following experience:insist on ensuring national grain security,increase agricultural investment to lay solid foundation for developing modern agriculture,speed up innovation in mechanism and system,and guide by different types through proper planning in accordance with local conditions.

  11. The Balanced Development of Yunnan Bazi Agriculture and its Resource Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The developmental status and situation of Yunnan Bazi agriculture are introduced. The prominent problems of Yunnan Bazi agriculture are put forward from the restriction of natural environment and the limitation of social economic conditions. The factors that affect the development of Bazi agriculture in Yunnan Province are analyzed. The factors include the burdens born by Bazi agriculture, the natural endowment of Bazi culture, policy preference of Yunnan Province, the potential and direction of the development of Bazi agriculture. Countermeasures on developing Bazi agriculture in Yunnan Province are put forward: the first one is to improve the level of agricultural science and technoogy; the second one is to intensify the balanced development between mountainous areas and mountainous areas, industry and agriculture, urban and rural areas; the third one is to pay attention to the development and adjustment of ecological agriculture; the fourth one is to keep rational development.

  12. An Empirical Research on Influencing Factors of Green Governance on Circulating Industrial Chain--a Case of Agricultural Mountain Products in Southwest Minority Regions%流通产业链绿色化治理的影响因素实证分析--以西南民族地区山地特色农产品为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪延明

    2016-01-01

    生态治理、绿色化发展理念、产业链社会责任、绿色技术创新能力、绿色文化建设对西南民族地区山地特色农产品流通产业链绿色化治理具有较大的影响。其中,生态治理是前提,绿色技术创新能力培育是充分条件,社会责任、绿色技术、绿色文化、绿色化发展理念促进流通产业链绿色治理;绿色化发展理念、绿色文化传播强化生态环境治理;绿色文化、绿色技术创新能力提升流通产业链社会责任感。西南民族地区应改变发展部门只管经济、环保部门处理污染的对立分权现状,充分发挥市场机制在资源配置方面的基础性作用,将绿色因素与技术研发充分结合,制定绿色发展理念下的环境保护措施,严格产业链的社会责任制度,构建多元化环保系统,规避非绿色发展等。%Ecological governance,the concept of green development,the social responsibility of industrial chain,green technology innovation ability and green culture construction have significant influences on green governance of the circulation industrial chain of agricultural mountain products in Southwest minority regions. Among these factors,ecological governance is the precondition;green technology innovation ability is the sufficient condition of cultivate capacity for innovation;social responsibility,green technology,green culture and the concept of green development will promote green governance of circulation industrial chain;green development concept and green culture will popularize and enhance ecological environment governance;green culture,green technology innovation ability will improve the social responsibility of circulation industrial chain. The southwest minority regions should change the current situation of opposition and decentralized authority,give full play to the fundamental role of market in resource distribution,combine green factors with technological R$D,and formulate

  13. The increasing multifunctionality of Agricultural Raw Materials: Three dilemmas for Innovation and Adoption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boehlje, M.; Bröring, S.

    2011-01-01

    Agricultural raw materials are increasingly being used for multiple industries or sectors beyond the traditional fiber and nutrition industries: energy in the form of ethanol and biodiesel, industrial products such as polymers and bio-based synthetic chemicals and fibers, and pharmaceutical/health p

  14. Complex media from processing of agricultural crops for microbial fermentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, M.H.

    2005-01-01

    This mini-review describes the concept of the green biorefinery and lists a number of suitable agricultural by-products, which can be used for production of bioenergy and/or biochemicals. A process, in which one possible agricultural by-product from the green crop drying industry, brown juice...... examples of such products-polylactic acid and L-lysine-are given. A cost calculation shows that this fermentation medium can be produced at a very low cost approximate to 1.7 Euro cent/kg, when taking into account that the green crop industry has expenses amounting to 270,000 Euro/year for disposal...

  15. A survey on critical factors influencing agricultural insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Valipour

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural business is a very high-risk job and an increase demand for agricultural products from one side and steady increase in production cost and weather changes, on the other side, have motivated many to use insurance for agricultural products. Insurance plays an important role in influencing crop production and insured satisfaction or farmers. The purpose of this research is to find critical components in agricultural insurance. Based on an exploration of the literature review and interviews, the proposed study of this paper extracts 24 variables and using factor analysis, we select the most important factors, which are grouped in seven categories. The implementation of our factor analysis has revealed uncertainty, moderator, market equilibrium, risky environment, empowering factor, education, training, structural hazards and natural ecosystems as the most important factors influencing agricultural industry.

  16. New Institutional Theory and a Culture of Safety in Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Brandi; Nonnenmann, Matthew W

    2017-01-01

    Health and safety professionals often call for an improved safety culture in agriculture. Such a shift would result in agricultural practices that prioritize safe work habits and see safety as both an effective means to improve production and a goal worth pursuing in its own right. This article takes an anthropological approach and demonstrates the potential for new institutional theory to conceptualize broader cultural change in agriculture. New institutional theory examines the roles of organizations and the ways that they inform and support broad social institutions. Using preliminary data from the agricultural lending industry in Iowa and integrated poultry production in Texas, this article considers the ability of these organizations to contribute to systemic change and an improved culture of safety in agriculture.

  17. Nanotechnology in Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview is given of the application of nanotechnology to agriculture. This is an active field of R&D, where a large number of findings and innovations have been reported. For example, in soil management, applications reported include nanofertilizers, soil binders, water retention aids, and nut...

  18. [Vibration on agricultural tractors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peretti, Alessandro; Delvecchio, Simone; Bonomini, Francesco; di Bisceglie, Anita Pasqua; Colosio, Claudio

    2013-01-01

    In the article, details related to the diffusion of agricultural tractors in Italy are given and considerations about the effects of vibration on operators, the sources of vibration and suggestions to reduce them are presented. The acceleration values observed in Italy amongst 244 tractors and levels of worker exposure are shown by means of histograms. The relevant data variability is discussed.

  19. USSR Report, Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    evaluation of the phyto- sanitary condition of the fields were not coordinated with the calendar- phenological schedules, some agronomists were unable...During the first year following its introduction, an intensified variation of this agricultural technology enabled the Tambov grain growers to produce

  20. Teacher Education in Agriculture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Dale W.

    1977-01-01

    Urging continued high priority support to preservice and inservice professional development, especially in the area of agricultural education, the author responds to a letter from the Joint Committee on Vocational Education for the State of California indicating the committee's consideration of support reduction for teacher education in vocational…