WorldWideScience

Sample records for agricultural industry

  1. Agricultural Industrialization: It's Inevitable

    OpenAIRE

    Urban, Thomas N.

    1991-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture is with us. It's driven by consumer and processor needs, supported by new and useful technology, and augmented by the severe agricultural recession of the 1980s, which changed attitudes towards risk. The consequences for farm policy and rural development are significant, and should be favorable.

  2. Industrial relations in agriculture examined

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.H. Schaapman

    2003-01-01

    Agriculture remains an important part of the Dutch economy, accounting for around 10%of GDP . The sector is currently undergoing major changes in terms of production, markets and technology, with important implications for employment. This article examines industrial relations in agriculture, lookin

  3. Agricultural and industrial process heat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollard, J.

    1978-01-01

    The application of solar energy to agricultural and industrial process heat requirements is discussed. This energy end use sector has been the largest and it appears that solar energy can, when fully developed and commercialized, displace from three to eight or more quads of oil and natural gas in U.S. industry. This potential for fossil fuel displacement in the agricultural and industrial process heat area sector represents a possible savings of 1.4 to 3.8 million barrels of oil daily.

  4. Agricultural-industrial technological paths

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Magalhaes, Paulo Sergio Graziano; Nogueira, Luiz Augusto Horta; Cantarella, Heitor; Rossetto, Raffaella; Franco, Henrique C. Junqueira; Braunbeck, Oscar

    2012-07-01

    The chapter approaches the identification of relevant parameters, sugarcane planting, soil preparation and compaction, mechanical harvesting, straw recovery, use of residues, soil carbon sequestration, greenhouse gases emission,l other effects, production of coal as an alternative for C storage, use of biofuels (bioethanol and biodiesel) in agriculture and transport of sugarcane, estimation of diesel consumption in the sugarcane industry, scenarios considered for the use of biofuels, modelling the impacts of the adoption of biofuels - fuel consumption and emissions, energy and impact of biofuels use in bioethanol production, impact of adoption of biofuels on emissions in bioethanol production, and increase in the scale (milling capacity) of the sugar and bioethanol mills.

  5. Researches on Relationship between Circular Agriculture and Industrial Diversity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    First, this paper establishes the conceptual model of circular agriculture, conducts systematic analysis on the circular agriculture on the basis of conceptual model, and discusses the characteristics of closeness and openness of circular agriculture and relationship between closeness and openness of circular agriculture. Second, this paper introduces the industrial diversity related to circular agriculture, defines the concept of industry and the concept of industries related to agriculture, and illustrates the related industries that are conducive to circular agriculture and the related industries that are not conducive to circular agriculture. Finally, this paper analyzes the mutual relationship between circular agriculture and industrial diversity as follows: in the system of circular agriculture, the industrial diversity can transform the wastes in upstream industries into resources in downstream industries; the industrial diversity creates possibility for recycling of agricultural byproducts; the industrial diversity is conducive to the diversification of industries related to circular agriculture.

  6. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  7. From alternative Agriculture to the Food Industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thorkild; Kristensen, Niels Heine

    1997-01-01

    Issue: The development of organic agriculture has developed bottom-up, emerging from the 'counterculture' characterized by organic farmers, environmentalists and 'political' consumers. National authorities and supranationalinstitutions have responded by establishing rules and control systems...... for organic agriculture over the last decade.Organic food production is now developing fast in some EU member states. This recent development is not only marked by more positive attitudes towards organic products from the food industry but also by an increasing need for a matching response in terms of food...... policy. Relevance: The EU regulation 2092/91/EEC is mainly focused on organic agriculture, but as the food industryenters this field the need emerges for a more specific interpretation, development and implementation of the organic principles and methods in processing, handling and distribution. Whether...

  8. Analysis on Technology Roadmap of Agricultural Equipment Industry in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chongjing; TAN; Jin; YE; Shi; YANG

    2014-01-01

    Since the subsidizing agricultural machine purchase was launched in 2004,the agriculture equipment industry in Chongqing has progressed by leaps and bounds,but it is still faced with a few urgent problems,which requires the coordination of stakeholders,with an aim to establish a clear direction of the development of industry and a technology route. With planting industry as an example,this paper applies the principle and method of industry technology roadmap to analyse the market demand,industry target,technology barrier and R & D demand of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing. Based on the results,the top technology R & D items of agricultural equipment industry in Chongqing are obtained. Finally,the following suggestions are put forward: integrating resources,constructing platform and improving innovation ability; constructing agricultural industry park and promoting clustered development of agricultural equipment industry; strengthening finance and taxation support; strengthening construction of agricultural mechanization infrastructure; substantially developing socialized service of agricultural machinery.

  9. Industrialized Development Models of Agricultural Scientific and Technological Achievements

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanjiang; WANG

    2015-01-01

    Industrialization of agricultural scientific and technological achievements has become an extremely important part in agricultural structural adjustment and agricultural economic development. Basic models for industrialization of China’s agricultural scientific and technological achievements should be:( i) integrating scientific and technological development and production relying on large enterprises;( ii) integrating scientific research and development with agricultural scientific and technological achievements and scientific research institutions as support;( iii) spindle type transformation;( vi) agricultural scientific and technological demonstration area;( v) technology extension network.

  10. AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION: IMPLICATIONS FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY

    OpenAIRE

    Drabenstott, Mark

    1995-01-01

    Industrialization is rapidly becoming a topic of great attention. Driven by fundamental economic forces, industrialization seems likely to advance ore quickly in the coming decade to more industry segments. By changing the way agriculture does business, industrialization will also bring change to public policy and agricultural institutions. Commodity policy will increasingly be out of step with a product-oriented industry. And as industrialization blurs the lines between producers and process...

  11. Strategies for Development of Shaanxi’s Agricultural Insurance Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces current situations of agricultural insurance market in Shaanxi Province. It is indicated that development of Shaanxi’s agricultural insurance industry is faced with following difficulties. First, risks of agricultural production are various, occurrence frequency is high and losses are great. Second, effective supply of commercial insurance companies for agriculture is seriously inadequate. Third, farmers’ demand for agricultural insurance is restricted by many factors. Fourth, government support for agricultural insurance is not generous. Then, it puts forward strategies for development of agricultural insurance in Shaanxi Province. These include: encourage commercial insurance companies to actively enter agricultural insurance market; establish perfect agricultural reinsurance system; strengthen propaganda of agricultural insurance and speed up agricultural industrialization; enhance policy support for agricultural insurance to promote its development.

  12. Linking Food Industry and Agriculture: The Case of Fruit-Juice Industry and Korean Food Franchise

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sounghun; Choi, Ji-Hyeon

    2008-01-01

    In Korea, the portion of food industry has increased, while the portion of agriculture keeps decreasing. The alliance between agriculture and food industry results in the synergy between both industries as well as higher farmers' income. The goal of this study is to analyze the current status of the linkages between two food industries (fruit-juice industry and Korean-style meal franchise industry) and agriculture, and then to present the ways to strengthen the linkages. The discussion in thi...

  13. Assessment of Regional Agricultural Industrial Competitiveness in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kun; YANG; Ying; PING

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the agricultural industrial competitiveness in China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) ,to provide a reference for the relevant state departments to develop the agricultural industry policy. Using factor analysis and expert consulting method,we determine the weight of each indicator,and establish the comprehensive evaluation model suitable for the assessment of agricultural industrial competitiveness. Using the comprehensive evaluation model,we assess the agricultural competitiveness of China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) . China’s 30 provinces ( municipalities and autonomous regions) can be divided into three groups ( high competitiveness,middle competitiveness and low competitiveness) . The results show that although there are subtle changes in the sequencing within high competitiveness group,the members of high competitiveness group are basically unchanged; compared with high competitiveness group,the agricultural industry in middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group shows the characteristic of significant geographical concentration,and the competitive agricultural industrial belt is outstanding. We put forward the following recommendations: extending agricultural industry chain and increasing agricultural value added; utilizing regional resources and developing characteristic agriculture; taking the road of large-scale management to promote sustainable and healthy agricultural development in China.

  14. How New York State's agriculture industry is staying competitive

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Deitz; Margaret Cowell

    2005-01-01

    We examine some of the challenges facing New York's agriculture industry and outline some innovative responses. We distinguish between two types of agriculture: commodities and value-added consumer foods. We show that commodities are a small fraction of the agriculture industry in New York State and are not a growing market segment, while value-added goods are the primary products of New York farms and represent a market segment that is growing significantly. We then briefly discuss important...

  15. The Basic Path of Modern Agriculture with Chinese Characteristics-Industry Nurturing Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Constructing the modern agriculture with Chinese characteristics is the path and direction for solving issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers in China, the key to new village construction, the important measure for promoting overall agricultural production capacity, and the prerequisite and guarantee for coordinating urban-rural development. At present, the level of agricultural mechanization in China is promoted steadily; the science and technology are applied to agriculture extensively; the agricultural regionalization layout gradually takes shape; the agricultural industrialization management develops steadily. Be that as it may, the overall quality of farmers is low; the agricultural infrastructure is weak; the agricultural resources are limited; the inputs of agricultural science and technology are short. These hamper the development of modern agriculture. We should implement "industry nurturing agriculture"; through capital support and policy guidance, reform household registration system; connect the fragmented land into parcel; encourage the leading enterprises to develop in rural areas; establish agricultural cooperative organizations; deepen rural financial system reform; quicken the promotion and application of agricultural technology. These measures can effectively promote the development of agriculture, and realize the agricultural modernization in China.

  16. Research on Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Based on SCP Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Taking the SCP mode of industrial organization theory as the starting point,the paper analyzes Chinese agricultural market structure,market conduct and conduct performance and draws lessons from foreign experiences in developing agriculture.In the process of agricultural industrialization,Chinese agricultural development exists the problems of low intensive degree,low degree of differential products,surplus labor forces,low agricultural profit rate and low industrial contribution rate and farmers’ difficultly in adapting to market competition.The paper puts forward suggestions for addressing the problems,which include underpinning the cooperation of operation main bodies and developing rural cooperative organizations;promoting land transfer and clarifying land property;accelerating rural surplus labors transfer and abating trade barriers;increasing technology input and improving the contribution rate of technologies;improving circulation channels and intensifying agricultural competitiveness.

  17. Selection Factors for Market Subjects of Agricultural Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The paper firstly analyzes selection factors for market subjects of agricultural industrial development in China. From the political aspect, it is required to take account of features of subjects of agricultural industrial development at current stage. From economic aspects, we should adheres to the two-tier management system that integrates unified with separate management on the basis of household contract management in the countryside, and cultivate and foster subject enterprises according to features of most important market subjects in market economy. From natural aspects, it is proposed to consider features of agricultural industry and inherent advantages of agricultural resources in China. From social aspects, it is essential to draw on successful experience of developed countries in developing market subjects of agricultural industry.

  18. Overview of Studies on Financial Support for China’s Agricultural Industrialization

    OpenAIRE

    Miao, Junyu; Ma, Junqi; Tang, Jingyao

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural industrialization is an innovative operation mode and effective drive for transformation of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Benign development of agricultural industrialization depends on financial support. With increase of the function of financial support for agricultural industrialization development, academic circles have made deeper and deeper researches on agricultural industrialization. These researches mainly touch upon four aspects: (i) definition of conce...

  19. Consideration of nuclear technology development on agricultural industrialization in Xinjiang

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This review describes the application of nuclear technology in Xinjiang agriculture along with industrialization and economic benefit since 1970s. Current problems in this field were analyzed and corresponding advices were presented. (authors)

  20. Evaluation Indicator System for China’s Agricultural Industrial Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qingpeng; GAO; Bin; CHEN; Qinyang; LI

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of new characteristics and trend of China’s agricultural development in the post-WTO period,combining analysis of factors influencing agricultural industrial safety,this paper builds an evaluation indicator system for China’s agricultural industrial safety by scientific indicator system design method.This indicator system includes risk factor indicators(showing risk degree)and capacity factor indicators(showing guaranteeing ability),and consists of 7 subsystems:consumption safety,production safety,industrial controlling capacity,industrial development capacity,industrial development environment,government functions and industrial foundation condition.Risk factor is divided into 5 levels:higher risk,high risk,medium risk,low risk and lower risk;guarantee risk is also divided into five levels:strong,healthy,normal,weak and disabled.According to the overall evaluation score obtained from weighting sum,the agricultural industrial safety includes 5 types:very safe,safe,basically safe,not safe and hazardous.This evaluation indicator system is expected to providing theoretical reference for evaluating China’s agricultural industrial safety.

  1. Climate change and agriculture. The agricultural industry = offender and victim

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Recently, attention has been repeatedly drawn to the rapidly increasing effects of human influences and the changing climate. The industrial landscape is seen as an important cause, with industrialisation and increasing energy consumption as well as our consumer society and the volume of traffic. The actual extent and speed of climatic change can only be estimated. The process leading to the current extent of scientific knowledge of climatic change, its possible extent and its effects on the plant and wildlife eco-systems are described in detail. Finally, counter-measures and recommendations for action are discussed. (orig.)

  2. Taxation and Pricing of Agricultural and Industrial Goods

    OpenAIRE

    Raaj Kumar Sah; STIGLITZ, Joseph E.

    1984-01-01

    This paper presents an analysis of price reform and of optimal pricing and taxation of agricultural and industrial goods in modern-day LDCs. Our analysis is based on a general equilibrium paradigm with a multitude of goods and income groups. It is consistent with several alternative institutional structures with in the agricultural and the industrial sectors, as well as with alternative hypotheses concerning unemployment and migration of labor across the two sectors.This approach differs subs...

  3. Venezuela- China Industry, Commerce, Agriculture, Tourism Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jinliang

    2006-01-01

    @@ Bordering Columbia, Brazil and Guyana,Venezuela's economy developed speedily in recent years. It is a comparatively active country in South America. The main industries of the country are petroleum, mining, telecom, husbandry and tourism. The visiting enterprises include the leading enterprises of each key industry. This fair provides abundant trade and investment opportunities for China's execution of "Introduce in and Walk Out" development strategy.

  4. Industrial and agricultural process heat information user study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belew, W.W.; Wood, B.L.; Marle, T.L.; Reinhardt, C.L.

    1981-03-01

    The results of a series of telephone interviews with groups of users of information on solar industrial and agricultural process heat (IAPH) are described. These results, part of a larger study on many different solar technologies, identify types of information each group needed and the best ways to get information to each group. In the current study only high-priority groups were examined. Results from 10 IAPH groups of respondents are analyzed in this report: IPH Researchers; APH Researchers; Representatives of Manufacturers of Concentrating and Nonconcentrating Collectors; Plant, Industrial, and Agricultural Engineers; Educators; Representatives of State Agricultural Offices; and County Extension Agents.

  5. How sustainable agriculture can address the environmental and human health harms of industrial agriculture.

    OpenAIRE

    Horrigan, Leo; Lawrence, Robert S.; Walker, Polly

    2002-01-01

    The industrial agriculture system consumes fossil fuel, water, and topsoil at unsustainable rates. It contributes to numerous forms of environmental degradation, including air and water pollution, soil depletion, diminishing biodiversity, and fish die-offs. Meat production contributes disproportionately to these problems, in part because feeding grain to livestock to produce meat--instead of feeding it directly to humans--involves a large energy loss, making animal agriculture more resource i...

  6. The Distribution of Benefits for Players in Agricultural Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanming; LI; Huibo; SUN

    2015-01-01

    Players of the agricultural industrial chain pursue their own profit maximization,which can lead to conflicts of interest and affect the stability of the industrial chain. Therefore,fair and reasonable profit allocation mechanism is the key to guaranteeing the development and strengthening the strategic alliance relationship between participate members. Shapley model is an effective method to solve the profit distribution in cooperative relations. But it does not consider the three factors: risks faced by players during the operation of the agricultural industrial chain,technology innovation ability,and the degree of participating in the cooperation. So,correction factors are introduced to modify the Shapley value model,in order to make the distribution of benefits more equitable and reasonable,and effectively guide practice.

  7. Overview of Studies on Financial Support for China’s Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junyu; MIAO; Junqi; MA; Jingyao; TANG

    2014-01-01

    Agricultural industrialization is an innovative operation mode and effective drive for transformation of traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Benign development of agricultural industrialization depends on financial support. With increase of the function of financial support for agricultural industrialization development,academic circles have made deeper and deeper researches on agricultural industrialization. These researches mainly touch upon four aspects:( i) definition of concept of financial support for agricultural industrialization;( ii)functions of financial support for agricultural industrialization;( iii) existing problems in financial support for agricultural industrialization and problem causes;( iv) specific recommendations of promotion of financial support for agricultural industrialization development. Although existing researches are already extensive and some common understandings have been reached,there are still some research gaps and weak points,and it needs further researches.

  8. Development Mode and Recommendations for Industrialization of Tropical Agricultural Science and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    QIU, Meihuan; LIN, Minxia; Zhang, Xiaodong; Zhang, Hongyi; WANG, Zhunian

    2014-01-01

    Industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology is an essential part of tropical agricultural technological innovation. This paper firstly analyzed development mode of industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology in Chin and then came up with recommendations for developing industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology.

  9. Development Mode and Recommendations for Industrialization of Tropical Agricultural Science and Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meihuan; QIU; Minxia; LIN; Xiaodong; ZHANG; Hongyi; ZHANG; Zhunian; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology is an essential part of tropical agricultural technological innovation.This paper firstly analyzed development mode of industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology in Chin and then came up with recommendations for developing industrialization of tropical agricultural science and technology.

  10. THE INDUSTRIAL UTILIZATION OF CHEMICAL MODIFIED AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Xu; Runcang Sun; Huaiyu Zhan

    2004-01-01

    Various lignocellulosic materials such as wood,agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be valuable substitute for, or complement to,commercial sorbents for removing heavy metal ions or dyes from waste water or spilled oil from inland water or sea. More than 9 million tons of straw pulp are produced annually in china, which account for about 90% of the world′s total straw pulp. However,huge quantity of remain straw is not used as industrial raw material and is burnt in the fields or on the side of road. These resources can be chemical modified such as acetylation. Modified straws have the characteristics of low cost, high capacity, quick uptake, and easy to desorb. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for modified agricultural residues, which focus on hemicellulose and cellulose. The potential of these natural sorbents in main industry is also indicated.

  11. Prospect of radiation application in industry and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The prospect of radiation application in industry and agriculture are described. In industry, the radiation-induced crosslinking of polymers and radiation-induced graft polymerization improved many chemical and physical properties and new functional materials were created using ion beams. In agriculture, the food irradiation improved the food hygiene and killed insect pest of fruits and vegetables. Furthermore, the sterile insect technique, mutation breeding of plants, positron imaging system for plant, sterilization of medical products, environmental conservation due to purification of flue gas and wastewater, and upgrading of natural polymer (polysaccharide etc.) have been performed. Radiation process is a clean one without use of chemical reagents. The electron beam radiation is expected to reduce the cost of radiation process compared with the gamma-ray radiation. (M.H.)

  12. THE INDUSTRIAL UTILIZATION OF CHEMICAL MODIFIED AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FengXu; RuncangSun; HuaiyuZhan

    2004-01-01

    Various lignocellulosic materials such as wood, agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be valuable substitute for, or complement to, commercial sorbents for removing heavy metal ions or dyes from waste water or spilled oil from inland water or sea. More than 9 million tons of straw pulp are produced annually in china, which account for about 90% of the world's total straw pulp. However, huge quantity of remain straw is not used as industrial raw material and is burnt in the fields or on the side of road. These resources can be chemical modified such as acetylation. Modified straws have the characteristics of low cost, high capacity, quick uptake, and easy to desorb. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for modified agricultural residues, which focus on hemicellulose and cellulose. The potential of these natural sorbents in main industry is also indicated.

  13. Benefits of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The immense benefits of radioisotopes and radiations have very diversified applications ranging from the diagnosis of diseases and life saving role in fighting cancer to leak detection of pipes, seepage in canals and dams and getting the high yield of crop production. The public perception of nuclear energy can be enhanced favourably by the widespread application of radiation and radioisotopes in medicine, industry and agriculture

  14. Progress in radiation application to industry and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Utilization of radiation in Japan has been actively promoted by various agencies including the Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Research Establishment of JAERI (presently Japan Atomic Energy Agency: JAEA). The JAEA-Takasaki was established in April 1963 for the purpose of promoting research and development (R and D) activities with gamma rays and electron beams. The JAEA-Takasaki's activities were addressed principally to industry and agriculture. In Japan, purpose of utilization of radiation is aiming at increasing welfare and quality of life of our peoples. (author)

  15. Industrial, agricultural, and medical applications of radiation metrology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Photon and particle radiations (gamma rays, X-rays, bremsstrahlung, electrons and other charged particles, neutrons) from radioactive isotopes, X-ray tubes, and accelerators are now widely used in gauging, production control, and other monitoring and metrology devices where avoidance of mechanical contact is desirable. The general principles of radiation gauges, which rely on detection of radiation transmitted by the sample, or on detection of scattered or other secondary radiations produced in the sample, are discussed. Examples of such devices currently used in industrial, agricultural, and medical situations are presented, and some anticipated developments are mentioned. (author)

  16. Agricultural versus uranium industry regarding the exposure to natural radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The potential exposure of the critical group is to be evaluated against national and international recommendation regarding the impact of general nuclear facilities. In Brazil, an agricultural industry together with uranium mining and milling facilities take place at an elevated natural radioactivity region. It was performed a dose and risk assessment to the local and remote population due to these two man made activities. This paper will present some data on dose and radiological risk to the local population (rural workers and their families) living at that region for occupational reasons. The non significant increase on the radiation dose exposure to a critical group due to the uranium industry will be pointed out. Problems associated in applying the ICRP dose limitation system to such situations will be discussed. (author)

  17. The Construction and Competitiveness of Operation Model of Agricultural Industrial Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through reviewing the viewpoints of former scholars, the connotation and features of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster are introduced. The agricultural industrial cluster model constituted by core network and supporting network is constructed. Three operation models of this kind of supply chain is described: the model takes wholesale market of agricultural products as the core; the model take pillar industries of agricultural industrialization as core; model takes the chains of retail enterprises as core. The competitiveness of agricultural industrial cluster is researched. The research assumes that the competiveness of supply chain of agricultural industrial cluster is mainly represented to make the agricultural industrial cluster to acquire more capabilities in terms of innovation and knowledge sharing capability, resource allocation capability, agile market adaptability and distinct value creation capability.

  18. Researches on Countermeasures and the Status Quo of Agricultural Industrialized Cluster in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of the introduction of the connotation of agricultural industrialized cluster,the thesis introduces the competitive advantages of agricultural industrialized cluster as follows:firstly,it makes the agricultural production factors cluster and curtails the agricultural production costs;secondly it enhances the innovation abilities of industries;thirdly it improves the urbanization level of rural areas and increases farmers’ income.The thesis also analyzes the status quo of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province,points out the advantages of resources,cost,location and so on,and discuses the existing problems of the agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan Province as follows:firstly,the scale of agricultural industrialized cluster is small and the industrialized chain is short;secondly,there is a shortage of leading enterprises,and the radiating effect within industrialized cluster is not prominent;thirdly,the organization degree of agricultural industrialized cluster is weak,lacking scientific innovation ability.In order to solve the existing problems,the corresponding countermeasures are put forward as follows:firstly,take the market as the orientation,strengthen the policies formulation and accelerate the development of agricultural industrialized cluster in Henan by leaps and bounds;secondly,choose suitable developing models of agricultural industrialized cluster.

  19. 14 CFR 294.86 - Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport air operations prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport... Terms, Conditions, and Limitations of This Part § 294.86 Industrial/agricultural/other nontransport air operations prohibited. A registrant shall not engage in flights for the purpose of industrial or...

  20. Study on Growth of China’s Agricultural Industrial Chain from the Perspective of Large Scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jianhui; LIU; Yingliang; ZHANG; Taiyan; YANG

    2014-01-01

    The growth of agricultural industrial chain is the result of market demand,fund,technology,industrial development and policy guidance. At present,separate and small peasant operating model has become one of the important factors restricting the growth of agricultural industrial chain. From growth mechanism of agricultural industrial chain and actual conditions of China,this paper analyzed actual factors restricting the growth of agricultural industrial chain,and held that it is required to break system bottleneck of large scale agricultural production,match management conditions of large scale agricultural production,and orient towards large scale organization,large scale service,large scale industrial distribution,and large scale chain.

  1. Research on the Policy Orientation of Government in Agricultural Industrialization Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Governmental functions in agricultural industrialization management are analyzed, mainly including supplying public products, providing property right security, managing and protecting resources and environment as well as stabilizing the agro-product market. The policy orientation promoted by the government in agricultural industrialization management is pointed out: formulating a series of macro-management planning to guide and regulate agricultural industrialization operation; fully playing the comprehensive coordinating role of "economic manager"; making and carrying out relevant laws and regulations to normalize the implementation of agricultural industrialization management. To implement the industrial management of agriculture and promote the construction of new countryside, governments at all levels should eliminate the institutional barriers, transform governmental functions gradually and prioritize planning, regulation, service and supervision, changing from merely management to playing the role of market mechanism. Meanwhile, economic, legal and administrative means should be properly adopted to advance the industrial management and the healthy improvement of modern agriculture.

  2. An Intersectoral Perspective on the Relationship between the Agricultural and Industrial Sectors in Chinese Economic Development

    OpenAIRE

    Koo, Won W.; Jinding, Lin

    1992-01-01

    In a developing economy characterized by economic dualism, the interrelationship between the growth of the agricultural sector and that of the industrial sector is crucial for overall development. Theoretically, the agricultural and industrial sectors are closely linked. Agricultural progress would depend increasingly on the growth of industrial development and vice versa. However, no mutual dependency occurred in the Chinese economic development process. A causality test between the agricult...

  3. CREATING A CHAIN REACTION: THE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE AGRICULTURAL INPUT INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    OpenAIRE

    Esterhuizen, Dirk; van Rooyen, C.J.

    2001-01-01

    The South African agricultural industry is consistently challenged to increase its competitiveness. The agribusiness supply chain starts with the input sector. The objective of this paper is therefore to determine the competitiveness of the various agricultural input industries in South Africa by using Balassa's method of Revealed Comparative Trade Advantage. This status will then be related to performance of the agricultural industry as a whole. South African manufacturing of farming requisi...

  4. The Construction of Intensive and Organized Agricultural Industrialization Model with Farmers as the Main Body

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The current agricultural conflicts of China are analyzed and the forms and drawbacks of current agricultural industrial structure are listed.The situations for intensifying the farmland with appropriate scale are analyzed from the aspects of policy,farmers,farms and modernization of agriculture.It is pointed out that the situations for the intensive use of land are becoming mature.Taking the single pig-breeding chain as an example,the agricultural industrialization model,which takes farmers as the main body,is expounded.Besides,its functions and significance in solving "the three agriculture problems" and facilitating the modernization of agriculture are discussed.

  5. Issues of Eco-agricultural Industrialization for Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Firstly,the necessities of ecological agriculture development in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster were discussed.Then,condition endowment of eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster was analyzed from the aspects of basic conditions and differential endowment of eco-agricultural industrialization.Finally,specific forms and functional orientation of eco-agriculture were pointed out.Countermeasures for the eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster were put forward.Firstly,the government guidance and the media publicity should be strengthened.Secondly,financial support for the eco-agricultural industrialization in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster should be enhanced.Thirdly,branding strategies of eco-agricultural products in Big Qinling Eco-city Cluster should be implemented as soon as possible.

  6. Agricultural development during early industrialization in a low-wage economy: Saxony, c. 1790-1830

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Kopsidis; Ulrich Pfister

    2013-01-01

    The characteristics of regional paths of industrialization had a deep impact on agricultural development during early industrialization in Germany. From 1840 rising incomes in the course of a “high wage-low energy cost” industrialization based on coal and steel and a rapid urbanization triggered a demand driven agricultural revolution in Northwest Germany. In contrast, Saxony’s early industrialization c. 1800-1860 followed a “low wage-high energy cost” trajectory based on textile production a...

  7. Genotoxicity of agricultural soils in the vicinity of industrial area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Mohd Ikram; Malik, Abdul

    2009-03-17

    Soil samples from agricultural fields (cultivated) in the vicinity of industrial area of Ghaziabad City (India) were collected. In this city, wastewater coming from both industrial and domestic sources and without any treatment is used to irrigate the food crops. This practice has been polluting the soil and pollutants might reach the food chain. Gas chromatographic analysis show the presence of certain organochlorine (DDE, DDT, dieldrin, aldrin and endosulfan) and organophosphorus (dimethoate, malathion, methylparathion and chlorpyrifos) pesticides in soil samples. Samples were extracted using different solvents, i.e. methanol, chloroform, acetonitrile, hexane and acetone (all were HPLC-grade, SRL, India), and the extracts were assayed for genotoxic potential using Ames Salmonella/microsome test, DNA repair defective mutants and bacteriophage lambda systems. TA98 and TA100 were found to be the most sensitive strains to all the soil extracts tested. Methanol extracts exhibited a maximum mutagenicity with TA98 strain {540 (-S9) and 638 (+S9) revertants/g of soil} and 938 (-S9) and 1008 (+S9) revertants/g of soil with TA100 strain. The damage in the DNA repair defective mutants was found maximum with methanolic extract followed by acetonitrile, chloroform, hexane and acetone at the dose level of 40 microl/ml culture after 6h of treatment. The survival was 25, 30, 32, 33 and 35% in polA strain after 6h of treatment when tested with wastewater irrigated soil extracts of methanol, acetonitrile, chloroform, hexane and acetone, respectively. A significant decrease in the plaque forming units of bacteriophage lambda was also observed when treated with 40 microl of test samples. Present results showed that methanolic extracts of soil were more toxic than other soil extracts. The soil is accumulating a large number of pollutants due to wastewater irrigation and this practice of accumulation has an impact on soil health.

  8. The Basic Path of Modern Agriculture with Chinese Characteristics-Industry Nurturing Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Feng-yun

    2011-01-01

    Constructing the modern agriculture with Chinese characteristics is the path and direction for solving issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers in China, the key to new village construction, the important measure for promoting overall agriculture production capacity, and the prerequisite and guarantee for coordinating urban-rural development. At present, the level of agriculture mechanization in China is promoted steadily; the science and technology are applied to agriculture ex...

  9. Study on Balanced Development of Industrialization,Urbanization and Agricultural Modernization in Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article expounds the connotation of balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization",and points out the problems thwarting balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization" in Henan Province as follows:the level of industrialization is not high;the general level of urbanization is low;the agricultural foundation is weak and there are many institutional barriers.The goal of balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization" in Henan Province is to take a road of industrialization and urbanization,not at the expense of agriculture and food.Based on this,the measures are put forward for balanced development of " industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization " in Henan Province as follows:keep to the new road of industrialization with characteristics of Henan Province,promote the development of industry and accelerate the transformation of pattern;keep to the road of new urbanization with characteristics of Henan Province,and promote the rapid change in urban development pattern;adhere to the road of agricultural modernization with characteristics of Henan Province,and promote the rapid change in pattern of agricultural development.

  10. On Competitiveness of Agricultural Industrial Clusters in Hubei Province Based on GEM Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN De-gang

    2012-01-01

    Firstly, this paper summarizes concept of the agricultural industrial cluster and GEM model. Then, it analyzes the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province from three aspects, namely, the foundation, enterprises and market. In the aspect of the foundation, Hubei Province has superior geographical location, rich natural resources, abundant human resources, diversified capital sources, and hardware and software facilities. In the aspect of enterprises, agricultural suppliers (farmers) are relatively scattered in Hubei Province, organizational level of relevant enterprises is constantly improved, and structure and strategy of enterprises are constantly innovated. In the aspect of market, the competition of agricultural products is fierce in local market, and it is difficult to explore external market. Finally, it presents countermeasures to improve the competitiveness of agricultural industrial clusters in Hubei Province, including building agricultural industrial park and cultivating key leading enterprises, strengthening innovation management, and increasing financial support.

  11. Discussion on Industry Chain Financing Promoting International Competitiveness of China’s Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tuo; LI; Tingting; CHANG

    2015-01-01

    Industry chain financing,also known as supply chain financing,is a kind of financial innovation in production and transaction emerging from the 1990 s. Recent years,industry chain financing has gradually permeated in agriculture. As one of the major agricultural countries in the world,China should still make great endeavor in satisfying domestic requirement of agricultural products and improving international competitiveness. Based on the empirical and feasible analysis of agricultural industry chain financing,this article emphasizes on the new mode of industry chain financing and puts forward some related policy suggestions to discuss how to quicken agricultural development with financial support as well as promote international competitiveness of China’s agriculture.

  12. Mechanism for Increasing Effective Inputs in Urban Agriculture through Industrial Value Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This paper firstly introduces the value chain management thought,current situations of utilization,and connotation of mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through industrial value chain.On the basis of basic idea of value chain management,this paper is to explore the mechanism for increasing effective inputs in urban agriculture through the value chain of urban agriculture linking with other industries.

  13. Agricultural Ecological Zoning Plan of Old Industrial Bases in Liaoning Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of brief description of current situation of old industrial bases and primary industry of Liaoning Province, the paper introduces the general situation of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. First, the ecological bases of agricultural zoning plan are introduced through various topographic and geomorphic types, regional climate differences and imbalanced distribution of natural resources; Second, in accordance with the theory of comparative advantage, distribution of production and resource economics, on the basis of comprehensive evaluation of agricultural natural resources, with the principle of fully excavating economic function of different natural resources, and in order to improve allocation efficiency of the two resources of market and government, the formation of ecological zoning plan of agriculture in Liaoning Province is analyzed; Third, according to Regional Layout Planning of Characteristic Agricultural Products of Liaoning Province (2006-2010), the paper describes basic layout of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province. The policy support of agriculture-ecological zoning plan in Liaoning Province is analyzed from three aspects-support policy of functional zone major in producing grain, support policy of other characteristic agriculture-ecological zone and support measures of development of agriculture-ecological zone. The paper also analyzes experiences of agricultural development of old industrial bases in ecological zoning plan: First, agriculture-ecological zoning plan is a effective way of the revitalization of old industrial bases; Second, scientificity of plan is the basis of improving competitiveness of regional agriculture; Third, multi-input mechanism guiding by government is the key of agricultural packing effect; Fourth, integrated agricultural industrial chain is guarantee of realizing industrialization in ecological zone.

  14. Review of Researches on Agricultural Industry Chain at Home and Abroad

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge; SONG; Taiyan; YANG; Jianhui; LIU

    2014-01-01

    Management of agricultural industry chain is the main form of modern agricultural industrialization. Integration and optimization of agricultural chain have great significance in deepening the reform in the countryside,quickening the development of agricultural modernization and establishing new system of agricultural management. Based on the theory sources and contents of agricultural chain as well as the current researches at home and abroad,this paper hackles and concludes information technology,logistics management and food safety and quality in foreign agricultural chain as well as the organization model,operation mechanism,integration and optimization,promotion and extension,financing and risk prevention,influencing factors as well as performance evaluation in domestic agricultural chain and offers relevant review in order to provide further reference for future researches.

  15. THE NEED TO IMPROVE PRACTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romeo Cătălin CREŢU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In Romania, the establishment of the market economy has required the elaboration and implementation of agricultural, alimentary and nutritional policies, based on scientific criteria, to ensure that the structure of Romanian agriculture would come close to that of the European Union agriculture. Agricultural policy needs to be coherent, flexible and directed towards the economic, social and environmental protection performance. Worldwide practice shows that empiric experience of economic agents does not suffice, but requires plenty of scientific knowledge. The hereby study undertakes to carry out a radiography of the production potential of agricultural operations in Romania and to demonstrate the need for improving practical information systems in agriculture and specialized industry.

  16. Solar energy for agricultural and industrial process heat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-22

    A state-of-the-art review of solar process heat is given; near term prospects are discussed; and the federal solar industrial process heat program is reviewed. Existing solar industrial process heat projects are tabulated. (WHK)

  17. The Rural Information-based Construction under the Perspective of Expanding Agricultural Industrial Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of expounding connotation and significance of expansion of agricultural industrial chain, coupled with the connotation of rural informatization connotation, this article analyses the role of rural informatization in expanding agricultural industrial chain: it can enhance market competitiveness of industry chain, improve the operational efficiency of industry chain, and promote the income and quality of farmers in industry chain. Under the perspective of expanding agricultural industrial chain, this article puts forwards thinking about the construction of rural informatization as follows: first, give full play to the leading role of the government; second, strengthen the construction of information-based network facility; third, integrate information resources in rural areas, and improve the quality of information; fourth, build comprehensive information service platform in rural areas; fifth, improve organizational level of production and management of individual farmers; sixth, strengthen the construction of information-based personnel in rural areas; seventh, strengthen publicity and training, promote overall cultural quality and information awareness of farmers.

  18. The Industrial Cluster of the Primary Agriculture Based on "Diamond Model"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo and problems of industrial cluster of the primary agriculture is discussed by dividing the cluster into primary cluster and advanced cluster and by using Michael Porter’s Diamond Model from the five aspects including production factors, demand factors, relevant industry and supporting industry, the strategy and structure of enterprises and horizontal competition and opportunities and government. In the end, the countermeasures on promoting the development and expansion of industrial cluster of primary agriculture are put forward. Firstly, intensifying the training on farmers and introduce into advanced science and technology results; secondly, perfecting the construction of infrastructure, creating famous brand and widening the channels for funding; thirdly, strengthening the development of relevant industries and supporting industries; fourthly, perfecting land transfer system; improving the degree of systematization and cultivating pillar industries; fifthly, intensifying the government’ support on industrial cluster.

  19. Studies on the Structure Evolvement of Organic Agricultural Industry in Taiwan and its Influential Factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin; XU; Zheng; ZHANG; Li; KONG

    2014-01-01

    In order to study the development of organic agriculture in Taiwan in recent years,and based on relevant agriculture,economic and social statistics,the general scale of organic agriculture and industrial structure were treated with statistic analysis. Results suggest that the general scale of organic agriculture in Taiwan grew rapidly from 2004 to 2011. The certified organic farmers grew by 140. 59%,and the area with organic plantation grew by 302. 40%. The industrial structure has changed significantly as vegetables have become the No. 1 organic crop instead of rice. Besides of the four major crops,organic plantation has played an increasingly important role. Essential factors influencing the great-leap-forward development include the general trend of agricultural industrial structure adjustment,proliferation of management system and strategic opportunities brought by economic cycles.

  20. Firm Heterogeneity and International Trade: Implications for Agricultural and Food Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Gopinath, Munisamy; Sheldon, Ian M.; Echeverria, Rodrigo

    2007-01-01

    This article summarizes key insights from the firm heterogeneity and trade literature, the theme-day topic of the 2006 IATRC Annual Meeting, and draws their implications for the agricultural and food industries

  1. The development of South African agriculture with an emphasis on the wool industry

    OpenAIRE

    Páchová, Šárka

    2016-01-01

    The diploma thesis focuses on the development of South African agriculture with a greater emphasis on the wool industry. This work is divided into two parts; the first part defines the general trends in the development of agribusiness, the current role, the specifics and the position of agriculture in the world with the influences of globalization. It also describes the historical development of the agricultural sector in South Africa and the general characteristics of the wool commodity. The...

  2. Ways of efficiency increase in marketing research management at agricultural machinery industry enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Andrushkiv, Bohdan Mykolayovych; Nyanko, Vitaliy Mykolayovych; Chaikivskyi, Ivan Adamovych

    2012-01-01

    The offered determinations concerning the main point of marketing research are considered and generalized. The basic ways of increasing the efficiency of marketing research management on the enterprises of agricultural machinery industry are determined and developed. The model of marketing management concerning the relationship with consumers on the market of agricultural machinery industry is worked out. The marketing program of management of relationship with consumers based on the marketin...

  3. Pharmaceutical and Industrial Traits in Genetically Modified Crops: Co-Existence with Conventional Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Moschini, GianCarlo

    2006-01-01

    This paper discusses the implications of using genetically modified crops to biomanufacture pharmaceuticals and industrial compounds from the perspective of their co-existence with conventional agriculture. Such plant-made pharmaceuticals and plant-made industrial products rely on exciting scientific and technological breakthroughs and promise new opportunities for the agricultural sector, but they also entail novel risks. The management of the externalities and of the possible unintended eco...

  4. [Division of agricultural areas based on the level of pollution with industrial toxic substances].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safonnikova, S M; Maksimova, G F; Iakhina, M P; Magzhanova, S A

    1993-10-01

    Investigation of soil in the region with oil processing industry showed that soil of agricultural fields 10 km around is much polluted and can be used only for growing of technical crops and perennial grasses for seeds. Soil 15-20 km around is less polluted, but also demands limitation in agricultural use, especially on low riverside parts.

  5. Nuclear techniques in agriculture and industry in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation describes the application of nuclear techniques related to information acquisition by radiotracer and isotope-instrument getting physical parameters from measured substances, medical diagnostic information, evolution of novel substances or modification of materials through interaction of ionizing radiation with matter,mutation breeding in agriculture, cancer therapy in medicine, sterilization of medical products

  6. Mechanism Research of Regional Brand Enhancement Based on Agricultural Industry Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article makes an integral and comprehensive study on the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters using the theories of industrial clusters and regional brands.By analyzing the key determinants in the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters,we establish a systemic theory system.The results show that as an important mediator in the process of regional brand enhancement based on agricultural industry clusters,the construction of value chain system is of vital importance.Other factors, such as the government guidance and service,the promotion of industry associations and professional cooperatives,play a key regulating role in this process.

  7. Competitiveness of Zacatecas (Mexico) Protected Agriculture: The Fresh Tomato Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Padilla-Bernal, Luz E.; Rumayor-Rodriguez, Agustin; Perez-Veyna, Oscar; Reyes-Rivas, Elivier

    2010-01-01

    The industry of fresh tomato production under protective structures in Zacatecas has undergone accelerated growth in recent years. Free trade, market globalization, new trends in the agro-food sector, as well as the food and financial crises, are impacting its competitiveness. In this study competitiveness of the industry of fresh tomato production under protective structures in Zacatecas was evaluated to provide elements that contribute to the design of policies aimed toward development of s...

  8. Papers of All-Polish Conference on Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environmental Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These proceedings comprise papers presented at All-Polish Conference on nuclear techniques in industry, medicine, agriculture and environmental protection. Most of the papers are in the field of uses of radiation sources and particle beams in industry, radiation chemistry, nuclear medicine and dosimetry, environmental sciences

  9. Impact of Agricultural Modernization,Economic Growth and Industrialization on the International Competitiveness of Agricultural Products:Based on the Empirical Analysis of Cointegration and VEC Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen; YAO

    2015-01-01

    The expanded agricultural trade deficit in recent years has caused widespread concern about the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.In this paper,guided by Michael Porter’s diamond model theory,based on agricultural production and trade data in China and the world from 1986 to 2011,we use principal component analysis,cointegration and vector error correction model,to perform an empirical analysis of the impact of agricultural modernization,economic growth and industrialization on the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.The results show that China’s agricultural modernization is slow,the demand for agricultural products caused by economic growth is increased,and excessive rural labor transfer due to industrialization leads to decline in the international competitiveness of Chinese agricultural products.China should increase its efforts to promote the modernization of agriculture and level of industry nurturing agriculture;use WTO rules to create a good international and domestic environment for the development of China’s agriculture and improvement of the international competitiveness of agricultural products;give full play to the role of demand in boosting the industrial upgrading of domestic agriculture.

  10. Impact of biotechnology on sugarcane agriculture and industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    There are nine key issues that can influence the productivity and sustainability of the sugarcane industry. These include land, soil fertility, water, variety, planting density, crop protection, cultural practices, harvesting and processing, and information technology. To all sugarcane farmers, it r...

  11. Industrial and Employment Structural Imbalance in Northeast China and Agricultural Enhancement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Suping; WANG Yalin; ZHU Yong

    2009-01-01

    Balanced development between industrial and employment structures are important indicators of regional economic and social health. By introducing indicators such as industrial structure deviation, comparative labor productivity, international comparison of relative labor productivity as well as employment elasticity, the paper further probed into intricate causes for the imbalance between industrial and employment structures in this specific region from a new angle which based on the evolution process analyses of both industrial and employment structures in Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang in Northeast China. The paper also suggested policy measures to strengthen agricultural developments and to facilitate the balance between industrial and employment structures.

  12. Renewable resources in industry. Industrial use of agricultural and wood raw materials in Germany. 3. compl. rev. ed.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, Dietmar

    2010-11-17

    The ''Action Plan for the Industrial Use of Renewable Resources'' that was adopted by the German Federal Government in 2009 is an important impulse for promoting the industrial use of renewable resources parallel to their use for energy generation. The Action Plan sets forth a broad vision, not only for a significant and sustainable increase in the proportion of biomass used in industry but also for an improvement in the efficiency of biomass use in ensuring Germany's raw material supplies while taking into account the objectives and requirements of sustainability strategies. It also aims to secure and advance Germany's role as an international leader in the industrial use of renewable resources. This brochure provides an overview of the possible industrial uses of renewable resources in Germany and illustrates the important role that agricultural raw materials and wood already play in today's industry. (orig.)

  13. INDUSTRIALIZATION OF HEARTLAND AGRICULTURE: CHALLENGES, OPPORTUNITIES, CONSEQUENCES, ALTERNATIVES; CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous; Saxowsky, David M.

    1995-01-01

    Farmers in America's Heartland are paying increasing attention to emerging trends of consolidation of farm firms, contractual and ownership linkages across input suppliers/processor and farm firms, and strategic partnering across the stages of food production, processing, and the firms that do business with farmers. The papers contained in this conference proceedings provide an overview of industrialization, and addresses its causes and consequences for producers, rural communities, food firm...

  14. Security Guarantee of Agriculture Industry Based on the Improvement of Legal System of Peasant Specialized Cooperative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Current status of several management models of the agriculture industry is introduced,as well as its impacts on industrial security.The management models are mainly the enterprise-like operation model,"enterprise + peasant household" model,small-scale peasants’ operation model,and peasant specialized cooperative model.Functions of peasant specialized cooperative in ensuring the security of agricultural industry are introduced,which are enhancing the industrial security by organization degree,promoting the industrial security by scale economy formed by cooperative organizations,fully utilizing the resources by the factor allocation capability,and ensuring the industrial security by industrial chain improvement.Development predicaments of the peasant specialized cooperative at present are analyzed,such as small scale,poor economic benefits,and non-standard operation.Analysis shows that institutional absence is the main reason causing these predicaments.And suggestions on improving the cooperatives system in the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Peasants Specialized Cooperatives are put forward,in order to better ensure the security of agriculture industry

  15. Comparative valorisation of agricultural and industrial biowastes by combustion and pyrolysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Catarina I A; Calisto, Vânia; Cuerda-Correa, Eduardo M; Otero, Marta; Nadais, Helena; Esteves, Valdemar I

    2016-10-01

    Combustion and pyrolysis processes were assessed and compared for two types of lignocellulosic biowastes: agricultural (Eucalyptus bark, grape seeds, peach stones, walnut shells, olive waste and peanut shells) and industrial (primary and biological paper mill sludge) biowastes. They were characterized by elemental, proximate and thermal analyses; the pyrolysis behaviour was studied by thermogravimetric analysis and the gases produced were identified using mass spectrometry. Agricultural biowastes showed the highest calorific values, close to the fossil fuel values (20-30MJkg(-1)) and, in general, emission of gases containing the carbon element (CH4, C2H2, CO and CO2) was higher than that of the tested industrial biowastes, making the agricultural biowastes highly competitive for combustion applications such as gas fuel. Further, the solid product which resulted from the pyrolysis of industrial biowastes is a material with large specific surface area, which is a good characteristic for possible applications as adsorbent in water remediation. PMID:27441829

  16. How does industrial protection affect the agricultural sector? A quantitative general equilibrium analysis for Peninsular Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Wiebelt, Manfred

    1989-01-01

    This paper investigates quantitatively the effects of trade policy on agriculture in the empirical context of Peninsular Malaysia using a SAM-based multi-sectoral, general equilibrium model. The focus of the analysis is on the economy-wide implications of changes in tariffs on import-substituting manufacturing activities. In general, the results bear out the expectation that industrial protection distorts incentives favoring manufacturing and nontradable activities over agriculture as a whole...

  17. Characterization of natural fiber from agricultural-industrial residues

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Natural fibers show great potential for application in polymer composites. However, instead of the production of inputs for this purpose, an alternative that can also minimize solid waste generation is the use of agro-industrial waste for this purpose, such as waste-fiber textiles, rice husks residues and pineapple crowns. In this work the characterization of these three residues and evaluate their properties in order to direct the application of polymer composites. Was analyzed the moisture, density, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis of the fibers. The results show that the use of these wastes is feasible both from an environmental standpoint and because its properties suitable for this application. (author)

  18. The seed and agricultural biotechnology industries in India: An analysis of industry structure, competition, and policy options

    OpenAIRE

    Spielman, David J.; Kolady, Deepthi; Cavalieri, Anthony; N.Chandrasekhara Rao

    2011-01-01

    Since the late 1980s, technological advances and policy reforms have opened up new opportunities for growth in India's seed and agricultural biotechnology industries. The impacts of such changes have been significant in India's cotton sector, but less so for the country's main cereal crops, where both yield and output growth rates have been relatively stagnant. Some public policymakers and corporate decisionmakers are confident that the private sector will help reverse these trends, arguing t...

  19. Second biomass conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This volume provides the proceedings for the Second Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, Environment, Agriculture, and Industry which was held August 21-24, 1995. The volume contains copies of full papers as provided by the researchers. Individual papers were separately indexed and abstracted for the database.

  20. From alternative Agriculture to the Food Industry, The Need for Changes in Food Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Niels Heine; Nielsen, Thorkild

    1997-01-01

    have established rules and control systems for organic agriculture (the last decade). A break-through of organic food production is now taking place in some EU member states. This third change is indicated by more positive attitudes to organic products from the food industry but also by an increasing...... need for a more appropriate respons in the food policy....

  1. Agricultural output, calories and living standards in England before and during the Industrial Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Morgan; Ó Gráda, Cormac

    2012-01-01

    This paper surveys the results of four recent, separate attempts at estimating agricultural output and food availability in England and Wales at points between the Middle Ages and the Industrial Revolution. It highlights their contrasting implications for trends in economic growth and nutritional status over time. It also offers some suggestions aimed at narrowing gaps between the evidence and how it has been interpreted.

  2. Paddy Industry and Paddy Farmers Well-being: A Success Recipe for Agriculture Industry in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Zaim Fahmi; Bahaman Abu Samah; Haslinda Abdullah

    2013-01-01

    Paddy is an important crop in Malaysia and it is vital for the nation's food security. Apart from this, the statistic also has proven that paddy industry in Malaysia has generated stable income for the country. Such income generation has reflected the success of this industry. Nonetheless, is the success of this industry has any impact on the paddy farmers particularly on their well-being? This query has become the main objective of this paper which is to discover the impingement factors of p...

  3. Agricultural Communities: The Interrelationship of Agriculture, Business, Industry, and Government in the Rural Economy. A Symposium (Washington, DC. May 19-20, 1983).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.

    Experts from government, academia, and interest groups met to discuss and explore the impact of changes in agriculture, industry, and government in shaping events in rural agricultural communities. Texts of 15 of the 18 papers are reproduced in the proceedings, along with the letter of submittal, overview, an agenda, and a list of presenters and…

  4. International Comparison,Regional Characteristics and Regulatory Management of Structural Rise in the Prices of Chinese Industrial and Agricultural Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ming; ZHANG; Hong; TAN; Ran; AN; Zhibo; ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    China’s price fluctuations increasingly exhibit significant structural characteristics,and since 2003,there have been several rounds of significant structural price rise.The degree of structural rise in the prices of industrial and agricultural products in China is not only higher than in the general developed countries and developing countries,but also more prominent than in other transition economies.And the structural rise in the prices of Chinese industrial and agricultural products exhibits significant economic zone differences:the structural fluctuations are the greatest in the central and western regions,significantly higher than in the eastern regions as well as the national average.From the perspective of causes of structural rise in the prices of Chinese industrial and agricultural products,the government must aim to coordinate the industrial and agricultural investments and bridge the gap in the industrial and agricultural technologies and supply capacity.

  5. The effects of industrial and agricultural activity on the water quality of the Sitnica River (Kosovo)

    OpenAIRE

    Albona Shala; Fatbardh Sallaku; Agron Shala; Shkëlzim Ukaj

    2015-01-01

    An important issue in Kosovo is water pollution. The use of polluted water has a direct impact on human health and cause long-term consequences. The longest and most polluted river in Kosovo is the Sitnica, a 90 km long river with its source located near the village of Sazli. The river flows into the Ibar River in Northern Kosovo. Agriculture is prevailing activity in the basin of Sitnica which is why agricultural as well as industrial waste are the biggest water pollutants. The purpose of th...

  6. Scientific correspondence in the archive of the General Directorate of Agriculture under the Ministry of Agriculture Industry and Commerce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nella Eramo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The archive, which testifies the activity of the offices dedicated to geological studies and to the collection of meteorological investigations from 1870 to 1895, contains important files of scientific correspondence. The latter includes letters from scientists, members of the councils, committees and research commissions established under the Ministry of Agriculture Industry and Commerce, as well as correspondence of technicians who were charged with particular duties by the administration, like Nicola Maraglia, general director for Agriculture, and Felice Giordano, director of the Service of the Mines. They are rich in news, opinions, observations and reports portraying scientific events and personalities of the time. As an example, some documents concerning the following topics are illustrated: the origins of the Central Office of Meteorology and the role of Giovanni Cantoni the establishment of a service for the systematic collection of data about seismic phenomena, by Michele Stefano De Rossi; the activity of the Geodynamic Commission; the project by Giulio Grablowitz for the constructionof the observatory of Ischia.



  7. Materials of All-Polish Symposium Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environment Protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The All-Polish Symposium Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environment Protection is cyclic (in 3 year period) conference being a broad review of state of art and development of all nuclear branches cooperated with industry and other branches of national economy and public life in Poland. The conference has been divided in one plenary session and 8 problem sessions as follow: Radiation technologies of flue gas purification; radiation technologies in food and cosmetic industry; application of nuclear techniques in environmental studies and earth science; radiometric methods in material engineering; isotope tracers in biological studies and medical diagnostics; radiometric industrial measuring systems; radiation detectors and device; nuclear methods in cultural objects examination. The poster section as well as small exhibition have been also organised

  8. The effects of industrial and agricultural activity on the water quality of the Sitnica River (Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albona Shala

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An important issue in Kosovo is water pollution. The use of polluted water has a direct impact on human health and cause long-term consequences. The longest and most polluted river in Kosovo is the Sitnica, a 90 km long river with its source located near the village of Sazli. The river flows into the Ibar River in Northern Kosovo. Agriculture is prevailing activity in the basin of Sitnica which is why agricultural as well as industrial waste are the biggest water pollutants. The purpose of this study was to evaluate water quality of the river and analyse the pollution level along the Sitnica River caused by agricultural activities and industrial discharges. In order to assess the impact of pollutants on this river, a measurements were carried out in four (five monitoring stations: the first station represents the reference station which has not undergone or has not been affected by polluting pressures, two stations in water areas affected by the irrigation of farming land and two monitoring stations in water areas affected by industrial wastewater discharge. Some of the parameters of water quality analysed are temperature, turbidity, electrical conductivity, pH, DO, COD, BOD, P total, nitrates, sulfates, and heavy metals iron, manganese, zinc, nickel. Compared to the reference station the results obtained from the Gracka and Pestova monitoring stations prove that the dominant form of pollution is that from agricultural lands irrigation, while the Plemetin and Mitrovica stations show that the Sitnica River is affected by wastewater discharge which contains significant concentrations of heavy metals, as well as metal ions selected in this paper. It can be concluded that the irrigation of agricultural lands and discharges from mining significantly affect water quality of the Sitnica River.

  9. Industrial development, agricultural growth, urbanization and environmental Kuznets curve in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad, Anees; Ishfaq, Ahmed

    2011-01-01

    The debate of environmental issues and their analysis is of vital interest for economic policies. Institutions are engaged in identifying and estimating the extent of environmental impact of determinants controllable via policy measures. Annual data from the on Carbon Dioxide emission, economic growth, consumption of energy, openness for foreign trade, urbanization, industrial growth and agriculture growth on Pakistan is used for 1971 to 2007. Augmented Vector Autoregression technique and coi...

  10. The Impacts of Income from Non-agricultural Industries Operated by Rural households on Farmers’ Income

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households is an important income source of farmers’ income. According to the Regional Rural Residents’ Net Income Per Capita in 2004 issued by the State Statistics Bureau and the relevant statistics of national comprehensive investigation(CGSS2005) in 2005, the impacts of farmers’ income gap and farmers’ individual features on their income and the impacts of income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households on farmers’ individual income differences are analyzed by applying Hierarchical Linear Models (HLM) as an analysis tool to establish the null model of HLM, excluding the second level model of the second level prediction variables and including the second level model of the second layer prediction variables. The analysis assumes that farmers’ individual income varies hugely in different provinces; farmers’ individual income has close relation with farmers’ individual features; the improvement of income from non-agricultural industries operated by rural households has different impacts on farmers’ income.

  11. Variations in the bioavailability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in industrial and agricultural soils after bioremediation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Meixia; Gong, Zongqiang; Allinson, Graeme; Tai, Peidong; Miao, Renhui; Li, Xiaojun; Jia, Chunyun; Zhuang, Jie

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the variations in bioavailability remaining in industrial and agricultural soils contaminated by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) after bioremediation. After inoculation of Mycobacterium sp. and Mucor sp., PAH biodegradation was tested on a manufactured gas plant (MGP) soil and an agricultural soil. PAH bioavailability was assessed before and after biodegradation using solid-phase extraction (Tenax-TA extraction) and solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) to represent bioaccessibility and chemical activity of PAHs, respectively. Only 3- and 4-ring PAHs were noticeably biodegradable in the MGP soil. PAH biodegradation in the agricultural soil was different from that in the MGP soil. The rapidly desorbing fractions (F(rap)) extracted by Tenax-TA and the freely dissolved concentrations of 3- and 4-ring PAHs determined by SPME from the MGP soil decreased after 30 days biodegradation; those values of the 5- and 6-ring PAHs changed to a lesser degree. For the agricultural soil, the F(rap) values of the 3- and 4-ring PAHs also decreased after the biodegradation experiment. The Tenax-TA extraction and the SPME have the potential to assess variations in the bioavailability of PAHs and the degree of biodegradation in contaminated MGP soils. In addition, Tenax-TA extraction is more sensitive than SPME when used in the agricultural soil.

  12. Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade in Agricultural and Food Products Between Poland and EU Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łapinska Justyna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the country-specific determinants of intra-industry trade between Poland and its European Union trading partners in agricultural and food products during the time period 2002-2011. An econometric model for panel data is applied for the analysis of the factors determining Polish bilateral intra-industry trade with European Union countries. The research leads to the formulation of a statement that the intensity of intra-industry trade in agricultural and food products is positively influenced by the intensity of trade with EU countries and the level of economic development of the member countries (as measured by the size of their GDP per capita. Increase in intra-trade turnover is also facilitated by EU membership and by the fact that Poland’s trade partners use similar Slavic-based languages. Relative differences in the size of the economies and relative differences in Poland’s and its trading partners’ levels of economic development have a negative impact. The degree of the imbalance of trade turnover between trading partners also negatively influences the intensity of intra-trade exchange. The research confirms that the impact of all of the identified factors determining intra-industry trade is consistent with the predictions of the theory.

  13. Indonesian And Australian Tax Policy Implementation In Food And Agriculture Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanggoro Pamungkas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tax policy is one of the most important policy in consideration of investment development in certain industry. Research by Newlon (1987, Swenson (1994 and Hines (1996 concluded that tax rate is one of the most important thing considered by investors in a foreign direct investment. One of tax policy could be used to attract foreign direct investment is income tax incentives. The attractiveness of income tax incentives to a foreign direct investment is as much as the attractiveness to a domestic investment (Anwar and Mulyadi, 2012. In this paper, we have conducted a study of income tax incentives in food and agriculture industry; where we conduct a thorough study of income tax incentives and corporate performance in Indonesian and Australian food and agriculture industry. Our research show that there is a significant influence of income tax incentives to corporate performance. Based on our study, we conclude that the significant influence of income tax incentives to Indonesian corporate performance somewhat in a higher degree than the Australian peers. We have also concluded that Indonesian government provide a relatively more interesting income tax incentives compare to Australian government. However, an average method of net income –a method applied in Australia– could be considered by Indonesian government to avoid a market price fluctuation in this industry

  14. Agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report entitled Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation : A Canadian Perspective, presents a summary of research regarding the impacts of climate change on key sectors over the past five years as it relates to Canada. This chapter on agriculture describes how climate change will affect primary agriculture production in Canada with particular focus on potential adaptation options, and vulnerability of agriculture at the farm level. Agriculture is a vital part of the Canadian economy, although only 7 per cent of Canada's land mass is used for agricultural purposes due to the limitations of climate and soils. Most parts of Canada are expected to experience warmer conditions, longer frost-free seasons and increased evapotranspiration. The impacts of these changes on agriculture will vary depending on precipitation changes, soil conditions, and land use. Northern regions may benefit from longer farming seasons, but poor soil conditions will limit the northward expansion of agricultural crops. Some of the negative impacts associated with climate change on agriculture include increased droughts, changes in pest and pathogen outbreaks, and moisture stress. In general, it is expected that the positive and negative impacts of climate change would offset each other. 74 refs., 2 tabs., 1 fig

  15. Agrice 2003. Activity report - New industrial resources, from agriculture to bio-products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renewable raw materials derived from agricultural crops are used to manufacture bio-products in energy, chemicals and materials industries. Renewable feedstocks address a double need. On the one hand, they offer alternatives to fossil resources, and on the other hand, they are a response to today's environmental challenges: mitigation of the greenhouse affect, reduction of air, soil and water pollution, innocuousness and biodegradability of products. A new chemistry must be created. Large-scale and ongoing research work must be committed to this goal. The research effort implies active coordination of all the various actors involved - multidisciplinary research teams, agro-industrial enterprises, user industries (petrochemicals, chemicals, materials), and specific agricultural branches. With these ends in mind the scientific interest group AGRICE - Agriculture for Chemicals and Energy - was established by public authorities and eight partners in France in 1994. The AGRICE consortium was renewed for six years in 2001, with a broader membership base. AGRICE now includes the following partners: - the research arms of the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (CEA), the Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), and the Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (INRA), - professional organisations representing producers of oilseeds (ONIDOL), grains (AGPB) and beets (CGB), - corporate members ATOFINA, AUTOBAR PACKAGING France, BAYER CROP SCIENCE, CERESTAR France, LIMAGRAIN Agro-Industrie, RHODIA, TOTAL FINA ELF, - the French ministries of Agriculture, Industry, Research, and the Environment, - the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Management (ADEME), - the French Agency for Innovation (ANVAR). ADEME is responsible for managing AGRICE. The consortium is involved in major international undertakings, notably through the European Renewable Resources and Materials Association (ERRMA). This report presents: 1 - the AGRICE profile, scope of activity, structure and Operations

  16. System for the utilization of agricultural wastes in an agro-industrial settlement-kibbutz as a model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roussear, I.; Shelef, G.; Marchaim, U.

    1979-01-01

    The energy potential of agricultural wastes in Israel is described. A scheme for utilizing agricultural, domestic and agro-industrial wastes in a kibbutz is presented. The possibility of supplying the energy needs of a kibbutz of 1000 persons using biogas is considered.

  17. Consumer concerns about industrialized agriculture and food safety: importance, origin and possible solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Bonny, Sylvie

    2000-01-01

    Le questionnement des consommateurs envers le productivisme agricole et les risques sanitaires alimentaires : importance, origine, et solutions recherchées. L'agriculture et l'industrie agro-alimentaire modernes font actuellement, en Europe occidentale et en particulier en France, l'objet de critiques de la part des consommateurs, notamment en matière de qualité des produits et d'impacts sur l'environnement. Ce texte vise à analyser ces questionnements et les réponses apportées par les différ...

  18. LIBS: a potential tool for industrial/agricultural waste water analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karpate, Tanvi; K. M., Muhammed Shameem; Nayak, Rajesh; V. K., Unnikrishnan; Santhosh, C.

    2016-04-01

    Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a multi-elemental analysis technique with various advantages and has the ability to detect any element in real time. This technique holds a potential for environmental monitoring and various such analysis has been done in soil, glass, paint, water, plastic etc confirms the robustness of this technique for such applications. Compared to the currently available water quality monitoring methods and techniques, LIBS has several advantages, viz. no need for sample preparation, fast and easy operation, and chemical free during the process. In LIBS, powerful pulsed laser generates plasma which is then analyzed to get quantitative and qualitative details of the elements present in the sample. Another main advantage of LIBS technique is that it can perform in standoff mode for real time analysis. Water samples from industries and agricultural strata tend to have a lot of pollutants making it harmful for consumption. The emphasis of this project is to determine such harmful pollutants present in trace amounts in industrial and agricultural wastewater. When high intensity laser is made incident on the sample, a plasma is generated which gives a multielemental emission spectra. LIBS analysis has shown outstanding success for solids samples. For liquid samples, the analysis is challenging as the liquid sample has the chances of splashing due to the high energy of laser and thus making it difficult to generate plasma. This project also deals with determining the most efficient method for testing of water sample for qualitative as well as quantitative analysis using LIBS.

  19. The plant breeding industry after pure line theory: Lessons from the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Dominic

    2014-06-01

    In the early twentieth century, Wilhelm Johannsen proposed his pure line theory and the genotype/phenotype distinction, work that is prized as one of the most important founding contributions to genetics and Mendelian plant breeding. Most historians have already concluded that pure line theory did not change breeding practices directly. Instead, breeding became more orderly as a consequence of pure line theory, which structured breeding programmes and eliminated external heritable influences. This incremental change then explains how and why the large multi-national seed companies that we know today were created; pure lines invited standardisation and economies of scale that the latter were designed to exploit. Rather than focus on breeding practice, this paper examines the plant varietal market itself. It focusses upon work conducted by the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB) during the interwar years, and in doing so demonstrates that, on the contrary, the pure line was actually only partially accepted by the industry. Moreover, claims that contradicted the logic of the pure line were not merely tolerated by the agricultural geneticists affiliated with NIAB, but were acknowledged and legitimised by them. The history of how and why the plant breeding industry was transformed remains to be written.

  20. The plant breeding industry after pure line theory: Lessons from the National Institute of Agricultural Botany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Dominic

    2014-06-01

    In the early twentieth century, Wilhelm Johannsen proposed his pure line theory and the genotype/phenotype distinction, work that is prized as one of the most important founding contributions to genetics and Mendelian plant breeding. Most historians have already concluded that pure line theory did not change breeding practices directly. Instead, breeding became more orderly as a consequence of pure line theory, which structured breeding programmes and eliminated external heritable influences. This incremental change then explains how and why the large multi-national seed companies that we know today were created; pure lines invited standardisation and economies of scale that the latter were designed to exploit. Rather than focus on breeding practice, this paper examines the plant varietal market itself. It focusses upon work conducted by the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB) during the interwar years, and in doing so demonstrates that, on the contrary, the pure line was actually only partially accepted by the industry. Moreover, claims that contradicted the logic of the pure line were not merely tolerated by the agricultural geneticists affiliated with NIAB, but were acknowledged and legitimised by them. The history of how and why the plant breeding industry was transformed remains to be written. PMID:24650856

  1. MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS IN AGRICULTURAL-FOOD INDUSTRY IN THE WORLD BETWEEN 1990 AND 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Jaworska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the specification of the sector, distinct tendencies in FDI flows can be expected both in the short and long term. The aforementioned assumption constituted the basis for the research the aiming at of which the presentation of the level, dynamics and structure of cross-border mergers and acquisitions in agricultural-food industry and exploration, on their basis, of the tendencies and directions in which they are going to change as well as to specify the place and role of agriculture and food industry in global flows of FDI. In order to reach the aforementioned goal, ex-post empiric analysis of capital flows in the form of mergers and acquisitions was applied (1990-2012 together with chosen statistical methods (measurements of placement and variation and with indicators of structure and dynamics. The results of the analysis showed that M&As, in the long term, was specified by a relatively high cyclical nature as well as by a growing trend with short-term fluctuations around the trend distinct from those specifying other sectors. Moreover, the research proved that mergers and acquisitions constituted an important form of FDI flows and their implementation had a marginal meaning when considering the whole sector. 

  2. Standardization of the Industrial Chain of Distinctive Agricultural Products Based on Network Platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the paper,the concept of circulation industrial chain of distinctive agricultural products is introduced.By using the e-commerce platform,the new industrial chain for the circulation of distinctive agricultural products on the basis of online transaction is established.In view of the standardization problems in the production and processing section,online exhibition and trade section,after sale section,the related solutions are put forward.In the production and processing sections,the fruit farmers should implement scale cultivation;pick and store fruits according to the local situation;pack fruits by using green package which can represent the features of the brand;establish the agricultural products association.In the section of online exhibition and trade,the identity of network platform should be normalized and the authentication technique and system should be perfected;the unification of product exhibition should be paid attention to;the specialization of negotiation should be intensified and the differences in communication should be represented;the price should be made comprehensively and the reference factors should be diversified;the entrance situation should be legalized and the account should be managed differently.In the after sale section,the business scope of logistics should be expanded and technology should be input;taking the customers as the center,the subsystem of distinctive service standard should be stipulated;the credit evaluation standard and punishment mechanism should be clarified;the customer-related management system should be implemented as well as the supervision mechanism.

  3. National symposium: nuclear technique in industry, medicine, agriculture and environment protection. Abstracts of papers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Symposium 'Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environment Protection' has been held in Rynia near Warsaw from 24 to 27 April 1995. Totally 94 lectures have been presented. The actual state of art in Polish investigations have been shown in all branches of applied nuclear sciences. The plenary session devoted to general topics has began the symposium. Further conference has been divided into 18 subject sessions. There were: 1) radiation technologies in environment protection; 2) radiation technologies in materials engineering; 3) radiation preservation in food; 4) radiation techniques for medical use; 5) radiotracers in industrial investigations; 6) radiotracers in water and sewage management and leak control; 7) tracers in hydrology; 8) radiotracers in materials testing; 9) instruments for environment protection, 10) radiometric industrial gages; 11) diagnostic and testing instruments; 12) application of nuclear techniques in materials testing; 13) applications of nuclear techniques in geology and hydrogeology; 14) radioanalytical methods; 15) radiation detectors; 16) radiation measurements; 17) data processing from radiometric experiments; 18) accelerators, isotopes manufacturing, INIS

  4. Bienvenidos a Canadá? Globalization and the Migration Industry Surrounding Temporary Agricultural Migration in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hennebry, Jenna L.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available English“Migrant workers” have become an important resource in the global economy, and not solelyfor employers and governments. Multilateral agreements, trade liberalization, and advancementsin communication and transportation have enabled flows of the world’s poor into internationallabour migration systems, often mediated by a migration industry that profits fromproviding services to employers and migrants. Based on ethnographic case studies in Mexico,participant observation in Ontario, and interviews with migrant workers and their families,farmers, government representatives and other intermediaries, this paper examines the extentto which a migration industry has formed around the Mexican-Canadian Seasonal AgriculturalWorker Program.FrenchLes «travailleurs migrants » sont devenus une source importante de main d’oeuvre dansl’économie globale, et pas seulement pour les employeurs et les gouvernements. Les accordsmultilatéraux, la libéralisation des échanges, et les progrès accomplis dans les sphères dela communication et des transports on rendu possible l’épanchement des pauvres du mondeentier dans les systèmes internationaux de migration de main d’oeuvre, souvent négocié parune industrie de migration qui profite d’offrir des services auprès des employeurs et des migrants.Basé sur une étude de cas ethnographique au Mexique, une observation participanteen Ontario, et des entrevues de travailleurs migrants et de leurs familles, d’agriculteurs, dereprésentants gouvernementaux et d’autres intermédiaires, cet article examine l’étendue del’industrie de migration qui s’est formée autour du Programme des travailleurs agricolessaisonniers mexico-canadien.

  5. Chemical Compounds Toxic to Invertebrates Isolated from Marine Cyanobacteria of Potential Relevance to the Agricultural Industry

    KAUST Repository

    Essack, Magbubah

    2014-10-29

    In spite of advances in invertebrate pest management, the agricultural industry is suffering from impeded pest control exacerbated by global climate changes that have altered rain patterns to favour opportunistic breeding. Thus, novel naturally derived chemical compounds toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates are of interest, as potential pesticides. In this regard, marine cyanobacterium-derived metabolites that are toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates continue to be a promising, but neglected, source of potential pesticides. A PubMed query combined with hand-curation of the information from retrieved articles allowed for the identification of 36 cyanobacteria-derived chemical compounds experimentally confirmed as being toxic to invertebrates. These compounds are discussed in this review.

  6. Agriculture-industrial residues x natural gas. An economic of energy analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avellar, L.H.N. [Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia Mecanica, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil); Carrocci, L.R.; Silveira, J.L.; Oliva, V.J. [Universidade Estadul Paulista, Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Engenharia de Guaratingueta

    1999-07-01

    In this paper are presented following, as it's main objective, an economic analysis between biogas coming from agriculture-industrial-residues and natural gas. Above all, also make part of this work, illustrating figures of the most used types of biodigestors in Brazil and all of world, and briefly descriptions of the most used control and reduction technologies of the pollutants emissions from the combustion process through in the atmosphere. Must emphasise, above technical-scientific importance of this work, it's social -economic part at the poignant of the residues seizing with considerable calorific power for the energy generation, thereby promoting the ambiental pollution retrenchment (also detach here), looking for, in a coming future, the sustainable development at all of it completeness.

  7. Industry and agriculture: Elements of the economic profile of Kladovo municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miletić Radmila

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of spatial differentiation of the natural and socio-economic factors of development, we have seen the structural characteristics of the local industry and local agriculture, as two elements of the economy of Kladovo municipality, and the importance and role of these two elements in the spatial structure of the municipality. Particular attention was devoted in the course of this research, to the possibilities of intensifying the development of the less developed parts of the area. Activation of developmental potentials is directed towards a demographic revitalization and towards the establishment of a stable and progressive social-economic-ecological area, with an identity recognizable in the region. In that sense, we examine the inter-dependence of potentials limitations and risks for a more rapid future development of the municipality of Kladovo.

  8. Chemical Compounds Toxic to Invertebrates Isolated from Marine Cyanobacteria of Potential Relevance to the Agricultural Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magbubah Essack

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In spite of advances in invertebrate pest management, the agricultural industry is suffering from impeded pest control exacerbated by global climate changes that have altered rain patterns to favour opportunistic breeding. Thus, novel naturally derived chemical compounds toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates are of interest, as potential pesticides. In this regard, marine cyanobacterium-derived metabolites that are toxic to both terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates continue to be a promising, but neglected, source of potential pesticides. A PubMed query combined with hand-curation of the information from retrieved articles allowed for the identification of 36 cyanobacteria-derived chemical compounds experimentally confirmed as being toxic to invertebrates. These compounds are discussed in this review.

  9. Issues of geothermal and biomass energy efficiency in agriculture, industry, transports and domestic consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Increasing energy efficiency should be a concern for both the firm managers and any leader at any level, given that energy efficiency significantly reduce production costs. An important aspect of this is the use of renewable energy sources, in different types of activities, depending on the possibilities to produce it on favorable terms, to supply at relatively low costs and to efficiently consume it both in the producing units and the households. A skilful and powerful leader will seek and support, through its influence, all the means that determine the reduction of the production costs and obtain a profit as high as possible. Wider use of renewable energy promotes concern for the environment through clean energy, for reducing pollution and for facilitate, in some cases, even the increase of the production with the same costs or lower costs. In agriculture, industry, transports and household consumption, a high importance presents the geothermal energy and the biomass as source of energy.

  10. Application of food industry waste to agricultural soils mitigates green house gas emissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, M T; Voroney, R P; Khalid, M

    2010-01-01

    Application of organic waste materials such as food processing and serving industry cooking oil waste (OFW) can recycle soil nitrate nitrogen (NO(3)-N), which is otherwise prone to leaching after the harvest of crop. Nitrogen (N) recycling will not only reduce the amount of N fertilizer application for corn crop production but is also expected to mitigate green house gas (GHG) emissions by saving energy to be used for the production of the same amount of industrial fertilizer N required for the growth of corn crop. Application of OFW at 10Mg solid ha(-1)y(-1) conserved 68 kg N ha(-1)y(-1) which ultimately saved 134 L diesel ha(-1)y(-1), which would otherwise be used for the production of fertilizer N as urea. Average fossil energy substitution value (FESV) of N conserved/recycled was calculated to be 93 US$ ha(-1)y(-1), which is about 13 million US$y(-1). Potential amount of GHG mitigation through the application of OFW to agricultural soils in Canada is estimated to be 57 Gg CO(2)Eq y(-1).

  11. Controlling Radiation Degradation of Natural Polymers for Industrial and Agricultural application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation induced degradation technology is a new and promising application of ionizing radiation to develop viscose, pulp, paper, food preservation, pharmaceutical production, and natural bioactive agents industries. Controlling the degree of degradation, uniform molecular weight distribution, saving achieved in the chemicals (used in conventional methods) on a cost basis, and environmentally friendly process are the beneficial effects of using radiation technology in these industries. However, for some development countries such technology is not economic. Therefore, a great effort should be done to reduce the cost required for such technologies. One of the principle factors for reducing the cost is achieving the degradation at low irradiation doses. The addition of some additives such as potassium per-sulfate (KPS), ammonium per-sulfate (APS), or H2O2 to natural polymers such as chitosan and Na-alginate during irradiation process accelerates their degradation. The highest degradation rate of polysaccharides obtained when APS was used. The end product of irradiated chitosan, and Na-alginate may be used as food additive or benefited in agricultural purposes. The prepared crosslinked copolymers possessed high and fast swelling properties in simulated urine media and the swelling ratios of CMC-Na /PAAm gels in urine are acceptable for diaper application. (author)

  12. The Collaborative Relationship among Industrialization, Urbanization, Informatization and Agricultural Modernization and the Path of Synchronous Development: An Analysis Based on the Data during 1978-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Xinzhi; Lu LI; Liu, Yusong

    2014-01-01

    The synchronous development of industrialization, urbanization, agricultural modernization and informatization is the basic trend and future requirements of China's economic and social development. By using the relevant data of 1978-2011, and establishing the VAR model, we find that in the short term, industrialization is the Granger cause of urbanization; urbanization is the Granger cause of industrialization, informatization, and agricultural modernization; agricultural modernization is the...

  13. Evaluation on the Sustainable Development of Agricultural Industrialization Based on DPSIR Model - A Case of North Bay Economic Zone in Guangxi Province

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Qiang; Huang, Hu

    2009-01-01

    According to the connotation of agricultural industrialization, the DPSIR model based on agricultural industrialization is introduced from the five aspects of driving fore, pressure, state, impact and response. Taking the North Bay Economic Zone of Guangxi Province as an example, a total of 23 indices are selected to construct the evaluation index system of sustainable development for agricultural industrialization by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process. And the sustainable development level...

  14. Investigating Effect of Development of Agricutural, Industrial, Service and Oil Revenue to ICOR ofAgricultural Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakiyeh Sadeghi

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, considering the importance of incremental capital output ratio (ICOR in agriculture Investment capital and self-sufficiency in this sector in order to grow and being influenced by the past and previous relationships strong agricultural sector productivity growth in other sectors of the economy, especially the effect of oil revenues, was trying to, long-term relationships as well as their adjustment process described by the Autoregressive-Distributed Lag model (ARDL to investigate.The results also confirm the long-run relationship between the variables of the model show that oil revenues in appropriate path to growth agricultural productivity have beentoo much attention to the industry and imports of agricultural products decreased investment in agricultural productivity. However, the service sector growth by improving marketing activities and financing farmers to improve venture capital productivity in the agricultural sector operates. In the long run, adjusting the intersection, the model indicates improved productivity in the agricultural sector is of capital. Shown the necessary support to the agricultural sector in the short term.

  15. A Novel Framework for Adaptation in Agriculture: Lessons Learned from California's Wine Industry (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholas, K. A.

    2010-12-01

    While crop yields are threatened by climate change, the management decisions of growers, including their practices to modify the microclimate experienced by the crop, can partially or even completely offset these damages. However, there have been few evaluations of adaptation on the farm scale, where managers are on the front lines of responding to global change. I will present a framework for classifying potential adaptations based on their temporal and spatial scale, their ease of implementation, and their effectiveness in altering or maintaining crop production. Applying this framework to the winegrowing industry in California, it appears that many strategies suggested in the literature for adaptation will either be of limited effectiveness, likely to be cost-prohibitive, or are not compatible with the current values of growers. However, interviews with and observations of winegrowers reveal that novel adaptations, not widely discussed in the literature, are already being employed, often by individuals in an experimental capacity and without community coordination. For example, in addition to irrigation, water is used to modify the vine microclimate for both heating (frost protection) and evaporative cooling. An analysis of responses to past environmental stresses in the wine industry revealed that growers tended to respond to stresses individually rather than collectively, except for severe, novel pests and diseases. Responses may be reactive or proactive; most proactive strategies have been short-term, in response to imminent stress. Growers tend to rely on their own experience to guide their management decisions, which may offer poor guidance under novel climate regimes. These findings highlight some of the difficulties expected in adapting to global change, as well as areas for strategic investments to enhance agricultural resilience to climate change. In particular, strategies to enhance the potential for effective proactive, collective responses could

  16. The Agricultural-Industrial Partnership for EliminatingMicronutrient Malnutrition: The Investment Bargain of the Decade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The limitations of conventional approaches to eliminatingmicronutrient deficiencies drives the search for a sustainable paradigm. This manuscript argues that the public and private sectors must embark on modernization of the Asian food industry and reorientation of the international agricultural research complex so that nutritionally enriched essential foods will be affordable and accessible to the poor. It is recommended that this partnership take special care of the needs of Asian children. The costs of chronic undernutrition, availability of cost-effective strategies, and benefits of sustained nutrition improvement to individuals, families and nations are reviewed. The roles of food fortification, plant breeding and biotechnology, both actual and imminent, are described. The paper concludes that a recast Green Revolution directed to dietary quality may be the key to enhancing the learning and earning capacity of young Asians of the new millenium.“No other technology offers as large and opportunity to improve lives...at such a low cost and in such a short time.."world Bank[1

  17. Assessing the Animal Science Technical Skills Needed by Secondary Agricultural Education Graduates for Employment in the Animal Industries: A Modified Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slusher, Wendy L.; Robinson, J. Shane; Edwards, M. Craig

    2011-01-01

    Career and technical education courses, such as agricultural education, exist, in part, to assist students in acquiring the competencies needed to achieve employability. However, whether the current secondary agricultural education curriculum meets the needs of industry leaders who employ high school graduates of agricultural education programs is…

  18. Cyclope 2003: the world markets: raw materials, currencies, services, agriculture, energy, finance, industry; Cyclope 2003: les marches mondiaux: matieres premieres, monnaies, services, agriculture, energie, finance, industrie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalmin, Ph.

    2003-07-01

    The Cyclope book is a collective annual publication made by an international team of economists, journalists and specialists of geopolitics. The 2003 issue analyzes the consequences of the war in Iraq on the energy markets and on the international negotiations of the world trade organization (WTO) which took place at Cancun in September 2003. It analyses also the growth of the Chinese markets, the sustainable development concept in vogue, the Johannesburg conference and the reform of the common agricultural policy. (J.S.)

  19. Ninth annual conference of Indian Nuclear Society on public perception on benefits of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture: book of preprints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume contains the contributed papers dealing with beneficial aspects of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture. Nuclear techniques in crime detection, neutron activation analysis, dosimetry, personnel monitoring, radiation safety, environmental aspects, application radiation techniques in medicine, industry, agriculture etc. are some of the main topics covered in the conference. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately

  20. Ninth annual conference of Indian Nuclear Society on public perception on benefits of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture: conference brochure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book contains a few papers dealing with the applications and the resulting benefits of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture. Nuclear techniques in crime detection, neutron activation analysis, dosimetry, personnel monitoring, radiation protection, applications of nuclear energy in health care, industry and agriculture etc. are some of the main topics dealt with. Papers relevant to INIS are indexed separately

  1. Applying Adaptive Agricultural Management & Industrial Ecology Principles to Produce Lower- Carbon Ethanol from California Energy Beets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexiades, Anthy Maria

    The life cycle assessment of a proposed beet-to-ethanol pathway demonstrates how agricultural management and industrial ecology principles can be applied to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, minimize agrochemical inputs and waste, provide ecosystem services and yield a lower-carbon fuel from a highly land-use efficient, first-generation feedstock cultivated in California. Beets grown in California have unique potential as a biofuel feedstock. A mature agricultural product with well-developed supply chains, beet-sugar production in California has contracted over recent decades, leaving idle production capacity and forcing growers to seek other crops for use in rotation or find a new market for beets. California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) faces risk of steeply-rising compliance costs, as greenhouse gas reduction targets in the transportation sector were established assuming commercial volumes of lower-carbon fuels from second-generation feedstocks -- such as residues, waste, algae and cellulosic crops -- would be available by 2020. The expected shortfall of cellulosic ethanol has created an immediate need to develop lower-carbon fuels from readily available feedstocks using conventional conversion technologies. The life cycle carbon intensity of this ethanol pathway is less than 28 gCO2e/MJEthanol: a 72% reduction compared to gasoline and 19% lower than the most efficient corn ethanol pathway (34 gCO2e/MJ not including indirect land use change) approved under LCFS. The system relies primarily on waste-to-energy resources; nearly 18 gCO2e/MJ are avoided by using renewable heat and power generated from anaerobic digestion of fermentation stillage and gasification of orchard residues to meet 88% of the facility's steam demand. Co-products displace 2 gCO2e/MJ. Beet cultivation is the largest source of emissions, contributing 15 gCO 2e/MJ. The goal of the study is to explore opportunities to minimize carbon intensity of beet-ethanol and investigate the potential

  2. Background information for the SER Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth calculations. Sectors Industry, Agriculture and Horticulture; Achtergronddocument bij doorrekening Energieakkoord. Sectoren industrie en land- en tuinbouw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wetzels, W. [ECN Beleidsstudies, Petten (Netherlands)

    2013-09-01

    On September 4, 2013, representatives of employers' associations, trade union federations, environmental organizations, the Dutch government and civil society have signed an Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. ECN and PBL have been asked to evaluate this agreement. This report gives background information on the evaluation of the measures aimed at improving energy efficiency in industry and agriculture [Dutch] Op 4 september 2013 is het 'Energieakkoord voor duurzame groei' getekend. ECN en PBL zijn gevraagd het akkoord te beoordelen en door te rekenen. Dit rapport dient als achtergronddocument bij de doorrekening van de maatregelen gericht op energiebesparing in de industrie en land- en tuinbouw.

  3. Research on the Impact of Land Transfer on County Agricultural Industrialized Development——A Case Study of Dali County,Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    On the strength of the status quo of Chinese land transfer,the changes of the county agricultural production factor market arising from land transfer from four aspects covering land market,agricultural capital market,agricultural labor market and agricultural science and technology.The impacts of land transfer on county agricultural industrialized development are analyzed:in the first place,the large amount of land required by the county agricultural scale production can be effectively supplied;in the second place,a large number of labors required by the county agricultural industrialized production can be effectively fulfilled;in the third place,the innovation of science and technology provides motivation for adjusting the county agricultural industrial structure.On the basis of that,the countermeasures on promoting the county economic development are put forward:firstly,the land transfer market should be standardized to ensure the sustainable and stable development of county agricultural industrialized development;secondly,the commercial value,variations and added value of the county agricultural products should be improved;thirdly,the input on the county agricultural capital should be ensured.

  4. Knocked-down Agriculture After De-industrialization; Another Destructive Influence of Neo-liberalism

    OpenAIRE

    Shafaeddin, Mehdi

    2008-01-01

    The author shows that although some short term factors have contributed to the recent food crisis in developing countries, the crisis is rooted mainly in agricultural support policies of developed countries, liberalization of the agricultural sector by developing countries and contradictions in the design and implementation of GATT/WTO rules. Agricultural liberalization has been imposed on lower-income countries by International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and through bilateral trade agree...

  5. Integrated Development of China’s Agricultural Labor Market from the Perspective of Convergence of Planting Industry Marginal Labor Productivity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Longhua; YUE; Shiyuan; YANG; Rongtai; SHEN

    2013-01-01

    Using Compilation of National Cost Benefit Data of Agricultural Products in 1990-2009 and based on the convergence of planting industry marginal labor productivity,this paper studies the integration of agricultural labor market in China. Firstly,it calculates labor output elasticity of each province for wheat,japonica rice and corn. Secondly,it builds indicators reflecting change level of marginal labor productivity. Researches show that in 1990-2000,the difference level of marginal labor productivity expands. From 2000,it starts to fall and becomes more and more stable. However,due to difference of crops and farming custom,the turning point of marginal labor productivity is not consistent with each other. Even so,it is still possible to reach the conclusion that agricultural labor market is gradually integrated from 2000.

  6. Assessment of the energy requirements and selected options facing major consumers within the Egyptian industrial and agricultural sectors. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-05-31

    The objectives of the energy assessment study of Egypt are to develop an understanding of the current status of the principal energy users in Egypt's industrial and agricultural sectors; to estimate the energy demand and efficiency for each selected subsector within these major sectors; to identify opportunities for fuel type changes, technology switches, or production pattern changes which might increase the efficiency with which Egypt's energy is used both now and in the future: and based on options identified, to forecast energy efficiencies for selected Egyptian subsectors for the years 1985 and 2000. Study results are presented for the iron and steel, aluminium, fertilizer, chemical, petrochemical, cement, and textile industries and automotive manufacturers. Study results for drainage, irrigation, and mechanization procedures in the agricultural sector and food processing sector are also presented. (MCW)

  7. Process heat in California: Applications and potential for solar energy in the industrial, agricultural and commercial sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbieri, R. H.; Bartera, R. E.; Davis, E. S.; Hlavka, G. E.; Pivirotto, D. S.; Yanow, G.

    1978-01-01

    A summary of the results of a survey of potential applications of solar energy for supplying process heat requirements in the industrial, agricultural, and commercial sectors of California is presented. Technical, economic, and institutional characteristics of the three sectors are examined. Specific applications for solar energy are then discussed. Finally, implications for California energy policy are discussed along with recommendations for possible actions by the State of California.

  8. Optimum use of water for industry and agriculture dependent on direct abstraction - best practice manual. 

    OpenAIRE

    Mathieson, I. K.; Knox, Jerry W.; Weatherhead, E. K.; Morris, Joe; Jones, D. O.; Yates, A. J.

    2002-01-01

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.  Background: The Water Resources Act 1991 and its preceding legislation provides the Environment Agency with the means to manage water resources through the licensing of abstractions. Detailed demand forecasting techniques are available to EA staff when assessing the need for Public Water Supply applications, but there is currently little guidance concerning the water needs of industry and agriculture. This report provides information on the optimum water ...

  9. Optimization model for the allocation of water resources based on the maximization of employment in the agriculture and industry sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habibi Davijani, M.; Banihabib, M. E.; Nadjafzadeh Anvar, A.; Hashemi, S. R.

    2016-02-01

    In many discussions, work force is mentioned as the most important factor of production. Principally, work force is a factor which can compensate for the physical and material limitations and shortcomings of other factors to a large extent which can help increase the production level. On the other hand, employment is considered as an effective factor in social issues. The goal of the present research is the allocation of water resources so as to maximize the number of jobs created in the industry and agriculture sectors. An objective that has attracted the attention of policy makers involved in water supply and distribution is the maximization of the interests of beneficiaries and consumers in case of certain policies adopted. The present model applies the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm in order to determine the optimum amount of water allocated to each water-demanding sector, area under cultivation, agricultural production, employment in the agriculture sector, industrial production and employment in the industry sector. Based on the results obtained from this research, by optimally allocating water resources in the central desert region of Iran, 1096 jobs can be created in the industry and agriculture sectors, which constitutes an improvement of about 13% relative to the previous situation (non-optimal water utilization). It is also worth mentioning that by optimizing the employment factor as a social parameter, the other areas such as the economic sector are influenced as well. For example, in this investigation, the resulting economic benefits (incomes) have improved from 73 billion Rials at baseline employment figures to 112 billion Rials in the case of optimized employment condition. Therefore, it is necessary to change the inter-sector and intra-sector water allocation models in this region, because this change not only leads to more jobs in this area, but also causes an improvement in the region's economic conditions.

  10. Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biscotti, Dina Louise

    Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices

  11. After the "Organic Industrial Complex": An Ontological Expedition through Commercial Organic Agriculture in New Zealand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Hugh; Rosin, Christopher

    2011-01-01

    This article uses the evolving understandings of commercial organic agriculture within two research programmes in New Zealand to address three problematic claims and associated framings that have underpinned analysis of the political economy of commercial organic agriculture. These three framings are: 1) that recent commercial developments in…

  12. 农业与现代服务业的融合发展模式:以生鲜农产品为例%Integrated Development Mode of Agriculture and Modern Service Industry: Case of Fresh Agricultural Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾维维

    2013-01-01

    在我国产业结构调整,推动现代服务业大发展的背景下,以生鲜农产品为例,探寻农业和现代服务业的融合发展模式.在该模式中,生鲜农产品市场信息被集成在信息平台中且不断更新;供应商和零售商参考供需信息,并通过专业化的第三方物流服务直接交易.农户也可以选择将产品销售给加工企业,或者只把产品的深加工服务外包给加工企业,以提升产品的附加价值.阐述该模式的运行机理、优势及其运作管理,给出发展该模式的对策建议.%Under the background of Chinese ongoing industrial restructuring and promoting the development of modern service industry, we propose an integrated development of agriculture and modern service industry in the case of fresh agricultural industry. In this mode, all the market information about fresh agricultural products are integrated in a platform and updated continually for the sake of giving reference to suppliers and retailers, and deals are done directly between them via professional third party logistics. Otherwise, farmers can either sell their products to processing corporations or just outsource the intensive processing service to them, in order to promote products' value. Running mechanism, advantages and operation management of the very mode are respectively illustrated; ultimately suggestions are presented to promote the mode.

  13. On the road again with Arthur Young : English, Irish, and French agriculture during the Industrial Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Robert C. Allen; Ó Gráda, Cormac

    1998-01-01

    In their day Arthur Young's tours of England, Ireland, and France represented a revolutionary approach to agricultural research. Here we avail of one part of the wealth of statistical data collected by Young-that on grain yields- to provide a comparative perspective on agricultural technique and progress in these countries around 1770 to 1850. We show that, ironically, Young's carefully assembled data do not always support some of his best-remembered generalizations.

  14. Developing the organizational-economic relations during agricultural-industrial integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana A. Okladchik

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to substantiate the need for economic integration of agricultural enterprises. Methods abstractlogical monographic. Results economic integration in agriculture is needed due to the destruction of economic relations in the period of economy liberalization and decrease in efficiency and productivity in agriculture. The solution to the problems of financing pricing and marketing of agricultural products lies in the sphere of forming integrative relations between enterprises producing processing and marketing agricultural products. Basing on the analysis of theoretical provisions the main forms of enterprises integration is identified such as contractual relationship without creating new legal entities formation of associations unions holding companies financialindustrial groups. It was found that the most effective are those forms of associations that form a complete closed cycle of production and sales i.e. holdings and financialindustrial groups. Basing on the analysis of the economic integration principles the necessity was determined of implementing the principle of stability of economic relations which will allow to overcome the crisis in the agrarian sector. In addition the author has formulated principles for the implementing the economic mechanism in integrated groups based on equality freedom and integrity of such groups. The key components of economic relations in terms of integration were identified ndash organizational unity of the technological process as well as the transformation of the interests of technologically related actors towards a common result. Scientific novelty the principle of stability of economic links during integration of agricultural enterprises was formulated. The necessity was proved of integrating the enterprises providing comparable levels of capacity utilization and the possibility of complete product sales as well as the necessity of forming integration relations as a single object of ownership

  15. Water in the Mendoza, Argentina, food processing industry: water requirements and reuse potential of industrial effluents in agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Elena Duek

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper estimates the volume of water used by the Mendoza food processing industry considering different water efficiency scenarios. The potential for using food processing industry effluents for irrigation is also assessed. The methodology relies upon information collected from interviews with qualified informants from different organizations and food-processing plants in Mendoza selected from a targeted sample. Scenarios were developed using local and international secondary information sources. The results show that food processing plants in Mendoza use 19.65 hm3 of water per year; efficient water management practices would make it possible to reduce water use by 64%, i.e., to 7.11 hm3. At present, 70% of the water is used by the fruit and vegetable processing industry, 16% by wineries, 8% by mineral water bottling plants, and the remaining 6% by olive oil, beer and soft drink plants. The volume of effluents from the food processing plants in Mendoza has been estimated at 16.27 hm3 per year. Despite the seasonal variations of these effluents, and the high sodium concentration and electrical conductivity of some of them, it is possible to use them for irrigation purposes. However, because of these variables and their environmental impact, land treatment is required.

  16. Managing stakeholders' conflicts for water reallocation from agriculture to industry in the Heihe River Basin in Northwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xiaojun; Yang, Hong; Shi, Minjun; Zhou, Dingyang; Zhang, Zhuoying

    2015-02-01

    Along with the accelerating process of industrialization and urbanization, water reallocation from agriculture to industry will be an inevitable trend in most developing countries. In the inland river basin, inter-sectoral water transfer is likely to result in reallocation of water resources between upstream and downstream regions, and further triggers frictions and conflicts between regions. Designing effective policy measures to coordinate these conflicts among stakeholders is crucial for the successful implementation of water reallocation. This study established a participatory multi-attribute decision support model to seek a widely acceptable water allocation alternative in the Heihe River Basin, an arid region in Northwest China. The results indicate that: (1) intense conflicts arise not only among stakeholder groups but also between upstream and downstream regions in the process of water reallocation from agriculture to industry; (2) among the options which respectively emphasize on equity, efficiency, and sustainability, the combination of equity and efficiency is the least controversial alternative for the majority of stakeholder groups, although it is not the most desirable one in the performance of all sub-objectives; (3) the multi-attribute value theory (MAVT) approach is a useful technique to elicit stakeholder values and to evaluate water reallocation options. The technique can improve the transparency and credibility of decision making in the water management process. PMID:25461085

  17. The Two Cultures of Science:Implications for University-Industry Relationships in the U.S. Agriculture Biotechnology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    William B. Lacy; Leland L. Glenna; Dina Biscotti; Rick Welsh; Kate Clancy

    2014-01-01

    Partnerships between U.S. universities and industries have existed for several decades and in recent years have become generally more varied, wider in scope, more aggressive and experimental and higher in public visibility. In addition, in the last few decades, public and private interests have advocated for government policies and laws to globally promote the commercialization of university science. This paper examines the persistence or convergence of the two cultures of science and the implications of this commercialization for university-industry relationships in agriculture biotechnology. The perceptions and values of over 200 U.S. university and industry scientists, managers and administrators who participate in or oversee research collaborations in agricultural biotechnology were analyzed. The ifndings revealed that the participants in these research relationships continue to perceive very distinct cultures of science and identify a wide range of concerns and disadvantages of these partnerships. Several actions were discussed to ensure that the two cultures serve complementary roles and that they maximize the public beneifts from these increasing collaborations.

  18. Adsorption of gold ions from industrial wastewater using activated carbon derived from hard shell of apricot stones - an agricultural waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soleimani, Mansooreh; Kaghazchi, Tahereh

    2008-09-01

    In this study, hard shell of apricot stones was selected from agricultural solid wastes to prepare effective and low cost adsorbent for the gold separation from gold-plating wastewater. Different adsorption parameters like adsorbent dose, particle size of activated carbon, pH and agitation speed of mixing on the gold adsorption were studied. The results showed that under the optimum operating conditions, more than 98% of gold was adsorbed onto activated carbon after only 3h. The equilibrium adsorption data were well described by the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. Isotherms have been used to obtain thermodynamic parameters. Gold desorption studies were performed with aqueous solution mixture of sodium hydroxide and organic solvents at ambient temperatures. Quantitative recovery of gold ions is possible by this method. As hard shell of apricot stones is a discarded as waste from agricultural and food industries, the prepared activated carbon is expected to be an economical product for gold ion recovery from wastewater. PMID:18178431

  19. WOMEN AS LEADERS OF LABOUR MIGRATIONS. THE CASE OF INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE IN SPAIN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Reigada-Olaizola

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article aims to abroad the feminization of work and immigration process that takes place in the intensive crops of strawberries in southern Spain, particularly trough the implementation of the seasonal agricultural workers program. To analyze how women are incorporated to the international workers migration will be addressed, both the dynamics of global agricultural chains that create the conditions from migrant women’s need. The analysis realized from the perspective of feminist anthropology, it´s supported on a qualitative methodology based on the techniques of the depth-interviews and the participant observation.

  20. Future Public Policy and Ethical Issues Facing the Agricultural and Microbial Genomics Sectors of the Biotechnology Industry: A Roundtable Discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diane E. Hoffmann

    2003-09-12

    On September 12, 2003, the University of Maryland School of Law's Intellectual Property and Law & Health Care Programs jointly sponsored and convened a roundtable discussion on the future public policy and ethical issues that will likely face the agricultural and microbial genomics sectors of the biotechnology industry. As this industry has developed over the last two decades, societal concerns have moved from what were often local issues, e.g., the safety of laboratories where scientists conducted recombinant DNA research on transgenic microbes, animals and crops, to more global issues. These newer issues include intellectual property, international trade, risks of genetically engineered foods and microbes, bioterrorism, and marketing and labeling of new products sold worldwide. The fast paced nature of the biotechnology industry and its new developments often mean that legislators, regulators and society, in general, must play ''catch up'' in their efforts to understand the issues, the risks, and even the benefits, that may result from the industry's new ways of conducting research, new products, and novel methods of product marketing and distribution. The goal of the roundtable was to develop a short list of the most significant public policy and ethical issues that will emerge as a result of advances in these sectors of the biotechnology industry over the next five to six years. More concretely, by ''most significant'' the conveners meant the types of issues that would come to the attention of members of Congress or state legislators during this time frame and for which they would be better prepared if they had well researched and timely background information. A concomitant goal was to provide a set of focused issues for academic debate and scholarship so that policy makers, industry leaders and regulators would have the intellectual resources they need to better understand the issues and concerns at stake. The

  1. A First Principles Approach to Antitrust Enforcement in the Agricultural Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Geoffrey Manne; Joshua Wright

    2010-01-01

    A first principles approach to antitrust analysis is required to guarantee the benefits of competition in the agricultural sector; we discuss three fundamental principles of modern antitrust that, at times, appear to be given short-shrift in the recent debate. Geoffrey Manne, International Center for Law and Economics & Joshua Wright, George Mason University

  2. How Programme Teams Progress Agricultural Innovation in the Australian Dairy Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nettle, Ruth; Brightling, Pauline; Hope, Anne

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: This article outlines the emergence of programme teams in the Australian dairy farm sector as a response to counter weaknesses in the institutional environment for agricultural innovation which favours technology adoption/diffusion approaches. Design/methodology/approach: The strengths, weaknesses and risks of different approaches to…

  3. Hands-on Precision Agriculture Data Management Workshops for Producers and Industry Professionals: Development and Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luck, Joe D.; Fulton, John P.; Rees, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Three Precision Agriculture Data Management workshops regarding yield monitor data were conducted in 2014, reaching 62 participants. Post-workshop surveys (n = 58) indicated 73% of respondents experienced a moderate to significant increase in knowledge related to yield monitor data usage. Another 72% reported that they planned to utilize best…

  4. Agritourism and Direct Agricultural Marketing in Washington State: An Industry Profile

    OpenAIRE

    Gregmar Galinato; Suzette Galinato; Hayley Chouinard; Mykel Taylor; Phil Wandschneider

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this report is to take stock of the activities, motivations, impacts and challenges faced by the farms in Washington as they relate to agritourism and direct marketing. We characterize the agritourism entrepreneurship and direct marketing activities in different counties of the State through a direct survey of industry respondents. Also, we determine the extent to which Washington’s agritourism and direct marketing industry attracts local and foreign tourists. We find that th...

  5. Sources of heavy metal pollution in agricultural soils of a rapidly industrializing area in the Yangtze Delta of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xianghua; Zhao, Yongcun; Zhao, Xiaoyan; Wang, Yudong; Deng, Wenjing

    2014-10-01

    The rapid industrialization and urbanization in developing countries have increased pollution by heavy metals, which is a concern for human health and the environment. In this study, 230 surface soil samples (0-20cm) were collected from agricultural areas of Jiaxing, a rapidly industrializing area in the Yangtze Delta of China. Sequential Gaussian simulation (SGS) and multivariate factorial kriging analysis (FKA) were used to identify and explore the sources of heavy metal pollution for eight metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cd, Hg and As). Localized hot-spots of pollution were identified for Cu, Zn, Pb, Cr, Ni and Cd with area percentages of 0.48 percent, 0.58 percent, 2.84 percent, 2.41 percent, 0.74 percent, and 0.68 percent, respectively. The areas with Hg pollution covered approximately 38 percent whereas no potential pollution risk was found for As. The soil parent material and point sources of pollution had significant influences on Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn and Cd levels, except for the influence of agricultural management practices also accounted for micro-scale variations (nugget effect) for Cu and Zn pollution. Short-range (4km) diffusion processes had a significant influence on Cu levels, although they did not appear to be the dominant sources of Zn and Cd variation. The short-range diffusion pollution arising from current and historic industrial emissions and urbanization, and long-range (33km) variations in soil parent materials and/or diffusion jointly determined the current concentrations of soil Pb. The sources of Hg pollution risk may be attributed to the atmosphere deposition of industrial emission and historical use of Hg-containing pesticides. PMID:25063882

  6. The Agricultural Industry And Economic Growth In South Africa – An Empirical Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Y. TEWELDEMEDHIN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This study measures the source of short-term agricultural economic growth in South Africa, using the Exact Maximum Likelihood (EML method by categorizing the variables into five main categories: cyclical reversion, structural policies and institutions, stabilization policies, cyclical volatility and external conditions. The statistically significant finding of structural policies and institutional category variables imply that the sector growth was achieved with improved education, financial depth, and trade openness. However, the negative relationship of financial depth (RDGDP indicates the sector is suffering from a debt crisis. Therefore, farmers need to follow an effective debt management system. The cyclical reversion was found to be statistically significant and related negatively. This shows that there is an important connection between the business cycle and agricultural economic growth.

  7. Spatial Distribution of Heavy Metals in Agricultural Soils of an Industry-Based Peri-Urban Area in Wuxi, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Yan-Feng; SHI Xue-Zheng; HUANG Biao; YU Dong-Sheng; WANG Hong-Jie; SUN Wei-Xia; (O)BOERN; K.BLOMB(A)CK

    2007-01-01

    In industry-oriented peri-urban areas, the heavy metal accumulation in soils caused by industrialization has become a potential threat. The top soil samples from 27 paddy fields and 75 vegetable fields were collected from a typical industrybased peri-urban area of about 8 km2 in Wuxi, China, to study the accumulation and distribution of As, Hg, Cu, Zn,Pb, Cr, and Cd in comparison with heavy metal contents in soils near developed industrial sites (Guangzhou, China;Wallsend Burn of Tyneside, UK; and Osnabrück, Germany). Kriging interpolation was used to determine the metals'spatial distribution. The results showed that most soils, compared to the background values, contained elevated contents of As, Ha, Cu, Zn, and Pb with some having elevated contents of Cd and Cr. Except for less than 10% of the soil samples of Cu, Zn and Cd contents, these heavy metal contents were lower than the soil threshold levels of the Grade Ⅱ criteria for the Chinese environmental quality standard. Probably, because of the scattered distribution and diversity of industries in the study area, spatial distributions of these heavy metals from Kriging interpolation indicated little similarity. Nevertheless,when compared with other areas in the Taihu Lake region, mean contents of Cu, Zn, Pb, and Cd were relatively high in the Wuxi peri-urban area. Additionally, compared to soils in agricultural areas around Guangzhou, Osnabriick, or Wallsend Burn, contents of most heavy metals in soils from this area were lower.

  8. Atmospheric pollutants in alpine peat bogs record a detailed chronology of industrial and agricultural development on the Australian continent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Two peat bogs from remote alpine sites in Australia were found to contain detailed and coherent histories of atmospheric metal pollution for Pb, Zn, Cu, Mo, Ag, As, Cd, Sb, Zn, In, Cr, Ni, Tl and V. Dramatic increases in metal deposition in the post-1850 AD portion of the cores coincide with the onset of mining in Australia. Using both Pb isotopes and metals, pollutants were ascribed to the main atmospheric pollution emitting sources in Australia, namely mining and smelting, coal combustion and agriculture. Results imply mining and metal production are the major source of atmospheric metal pollution, although coal combustion may account for up to 30% of metal pollutants. A novel finding of this study is the increase in the otherwise near-constant Y/Ho ratio after 1900 AD. We link this change to widespread and increased application of marine phosphate fertiliser in Australia's main agricultural area (the Murray Darling Basin). - Detailed records of atmospheric metal pollution accumulation in Australia are presented and are shown to trace the industrial and agricultural development of the continent.

  9. EVALUATION OF NUTRITIVE VALUE AND IN VITRO METHANE PRODUCTION OF FEEDSTUFFS FROM AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Santoso

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to evaluate the nutrient degradability, in vitro methane (CH4 production ofseveral agricultural and food industry by-products in relation to their chemical composition. Twenty-onesamples of 7 feedstuffs from agricultural and food industry by-products consisted of corn straw, potatostraw, rice straw, cocoa pod, sago waste, rice bran, soybean curd residue were evaluated by an in vitro gasproduction and nutrient degradability. The feedstuffs varied greatly in their crude protein (CP, neutraldetergent fiber (NDF and non-fiber carbohydrate (NFC contents. Crude protein ranged from 1.5 to 21.8%,NDF from 31.6 to 71.1% and NFC from 1.5 to 50.8%. Among the seven feedstuffs, soybean curd residuehad the highest CP content, on the other hand it had the lowest NDF content. Dry matter (DM and organicmatter (OM degradability were highest (P<0.01 in soybean curd residue among the feedstuffs. The CH4production was significantly higher (P<0.01 in rice straw, cocoa pod and corn straw as compared to sagowaste. There was a strong positive correlation (r = 0.60; P<0.01 between NDF concentration and CH4production. However, the total gas productions was negatively correlated (r = -0.75; P<0.01 with NDFcontent. The CH4 production of feedstuff is influenced by NDF content.

  10. The Banana Industry, the Agricultural Sector and The Dominican Economy: Impacts of the Banana War

    OpenAIRE

    Harris, Emaline; Pemberton, Carlisle; De Sormeaux, Afiya

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of the banana dispute between the European Union (EU) and Latin American banana producers and the US on the supply of bananas from Dominica. It also looks at the future of the banana industry in light of the resolution of the dispute and the possibilities of the Fairtrade market. This examination is done through the analysis of the trends in supply, exports, prices and the contribution of the industry to the economy since the 1980s. The impact was further assess...

  11. Analysis of the apiclutural industry in relation to geothermal development and agriculture in the Imperial Valley, Imperial County, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atkins, E.L.

    1979-04-01

    PART I: Continuous exposure to 30 ppB H/sub 2/S increased lifespan of caged worker honey bees, Apis mellifera L., 33%; whereas, bees exposed > 13 days to 100 ppB and 300 ppB H/sub 2/S the lifespan was shortened 32% and 51%, respectively, over unexposed bees; bees exposed > 15 days to a combination of 300 ppB H/sub 2/S + 50 ppM CO/sub 2/ the lifespan was shortened 4.4% more that 300 ppB H/sub 2/S alone. The mean temperature and/or relative humidity did not exert a direct effect on the hazard to bees. A continuous exposure to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ was detrimental to caged worker honey bees; and, a mean temperature of 27.2/sup 0/C was 75.7% more toxic than the same dosage at 16.7/sup 0/C. Worker bee lifespans exposed to 300 ppB SO/sub 2/ at 16.7/sup 0/C were shortened 13.5% and 79%, respectively, compared to unexposed bees. Therefore, both dosage and temperature exert direct effects on the hazards to bees. PART II: The status of the apicultural industry in Imperial County, California, was outlined giving a short characterization of the area in relation to the apicultural industry. Agriculture utilizes 500,000 intensely farmed acres which generated a 11-year average income of $370 million. Over 40 agricultural commodities are produced. The apicultural industry is intimately involved in 25% of the total gross agricultural income. In addition, most of the flora growing in the desert community which comprises the remainder of the county are very important to honey bees by providing sustaining nectar and/or pollen for brood rearing. The bee foraged flora provides substantial bee forage when colonies are located outside of the agriculutral area. It is concluded that geothermal resource development in the Imperial Valley is contemplated to have minimal effects on the apicultural industry.

  12. Prospects for integrating utility-scale solar photovoltaics and industrial agriculture in the U.S

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlin, K.; Anderegg, W.; Hernandez, R. R.; Hiza, N.; Johnson, J. E.; Maltais-landry, G.; Wolf, A.; Zimmerman, N. B.

    2011-12-01

    One of the key challenges to many alternative energy options is land use competition, such as conflict with food production (e.g., corn or sugar cane ethanol) or natural resource protection (e.g., solar panels in desert habitat). Wind power has largely avoided these conflicts by leasing land from farmers and maintaining a small footprint on the landscape. Here, we ask whether similar opportunities exist for solar photovoltaics in agricultural settings. Our test case consists of a soybean field in Ames, Iowa (USA), with south-facing solar panels in rows spaced 16 m apart (~3 times further than typical), a center pole height of 3 m (3 times higher than in a typical ground-mounted system), and a fixed tilt of 25 degrees. Using a geometric shade model coupled to a common crop model (DSSAT) and driven by 14 years of weather data, we find that the average annual soybean yield is not significantly reduced (photovoltaics into agricultural fields may provide renewable energy with little or no reduction in yields. Using the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) System Advisor Model and assuming 18 to 20% efficient panels, we estimate that this configuration at this location will produce 295 MWh ha-1 in the first year of operation. With this configuration the United States' current (2007) electricity production could be met by incorporating photovoltaic panels into as little as 11% of currently cropped land. We are currently developing an independent model that will complement our DSSAT analyses by simulating the effects of solar photovoltaics on available light, albedo and temperature on a range of different crops. We also review some of the major challenges to and potential benefits of integrated solar-agricultural systems in different regions and cropping systems.

  13. The U.S. Oats Industry. Agricultural Economic Report Number 573.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Linwood A.; Livezey, Janet

    This report describes the United States oats industry from producers to consumers and provides a single source of economic and statistical information on oats. Background information on oats is provided first. The report then examines the basic factors of supply, demand, and price to determine what caused the decline in the importance of oats and…

  14. Agricultural industrial production under the conditions of radioactive contamination. Chapter 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    More than 1.8 million hectares of agricultural fields that makes up 20.8% of the available area was exposed to radioactive contamination with cesium 137 density over 37 kBq/sq.m, including 2.65 thousand sq. km with cesium 137 contamination density over 1480 kBq/sq.m, strontium 90 - more than 111 kBq/sq.m and plutonium - over 3.7 kBq/sq.m which were excluded from economic turn-over. The behaviour of radionuclides in soil and their transfer to the plant-growing products are described. Methods restricting the radionuclides intake into plants such as selection of cultures, soil cultivation, liming of acid soils, fertilizers, protection of plants, water regime regulation and other are given. The problems of animal breeding are described. For alleviation of the practical use of recommendations there have been calculated the norms of radionuclides permissible content in concrete forage for cattle on the basis of typical rations and the certain scheme of young stock breeding and cattle fattening has been proposed. Forecasting of agricultural products contamination and the efficiency of protective measures are given

  15. 农业产业结构调整对农业经济增长的作用探析%The Agricultural Industrial Structure Adjustment of Agricultural Economic Growth Effect Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢兰江

    2012-01-01

      Agriculture as ancient and modern industry, the national economic development has an important position. This paper from the definition of the industrial structure of agriculture industry structure in analysis of rural economic growth effect was presented, based on the agricultural industrial structure adjustment in promoting agricultural economic growth the application of strategy. To our country agricultural economic development have a certain significance.%  农业作为古老且现代的产业,其在国民经济发展中有着重要的地位。本文从产业结构的定义入手,在分析农业产业结构对农村经济增长作用的基础上,提出了农业产业结构调整在促进农业经济增长方面的应用策略。对我国农业经济的发展有一定的借鉴意义。

  16. First biomass conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings, Volume 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    This conference was designed to provide a national and international forum to support the development of a viable biomass industry. Although papers on research activities and technologies under development that address industry problems comprised part of this conference, an effort was made to focus on scale-up and demonstration projects, technology transfer to end users, and commercial applications of biomass and wastes. The conference was divided into these major subject areas: Resource Base, Power Production, Transportation Fuels, Chemicals and Products, Environmental Issues, Commercializing Biomass Projects, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. The papers in this third volume deal with Environmental Issues, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. Concerning Environmental Issues, the following topics are emphasized: Global Climate Change, Biomass Utilization, Biofuel Test Procedures, and Commercialization of Biomass Products. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  17. First Biomass Conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry. Proceedings, Volume 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    This conference was designed to provide a national and international forum to support the development of a viable biomass industry. Although papers on research activities and technologies under development that address industry problems comprised part of this conference, an effort was made to focus on scale-up and demonstration projects, technology transfer to end users, and commercial applications of biomass and wastes. The conference was divided into these major subject areas: Resource Base, Power Production, Transportation Fuels, Chemicals and Products, Environmental Issues, Commercializing Biomass Projects, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. The papers in this second volume cover Transportation Fuels, and Chemicals and Products. Transportation Fuels topics include: Biodiesel, Pyrolytic Liquids, Ethanol, Methanol and Ethers, and Commercialization. The Chemicals and Products section includes specific topics in: Research, Technology Transfer, and Commercial Systems. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  18. First biomass conference of the Americas: Energy, environment, agriculture, and industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This conference was designed to provide a national and international forum to support the development of a viable biomass industry. Although papers on research activities and technologies under development that address industry problems comprised part of this conference, an effort was made to focus on scale-up and demonstration projects, technology transfer to end users, and commercial applications of biomass and wastes. The conference was divided into these major subject areas: Resource Base, Power Production, Transportation Fuels, Chemicals and Products, Environmental Issues, Commercializing Biomass Projects, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. The papers in this third volume deal with Environmental Issues, Biomass Energy System Studies, and Biomass in Latin America. Concerning Environmental Issues, the following topics are emphasized: Global Climate Change, Biomass Utilization, Biofuel Test Procedures, and Commercialization of Biomass Products. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database

  19. Economic production and processing of agricultural fibre plants for high quality applications in automotive, building and furniture industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pecenka, R.; Furll, C.; Gusovius, H.J. [Leibniz Inst. for Agricultural Engineering, Potsdam (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    The demand for high-quality fibres and shives from hemp and flax as an alternative raw material for the automotive and building industry is increasing. Fibres are used primarily for composite reinforcement instead of synthetic fibres. Shives are used for animal bedding, but processing trials in wood industry for the production of low weight particle boards from shives are also very promising. Fibre producers require experience in cultivation and harvesting as well as modern processing technologies in order to supply flax fibres or shives at competitive prices under the changing conditions of international raw material markets. A complete processing line has been developed, installed and tested at the Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering (ATB) to study all the processing stages of fibre production. The new ATB line can produce high quality fibres and shives from retted and unretted hemp, flax and oilseed flax straw without technical changes of the machine line. The ATB pilot plant has been operated by a cooperation of farmers since 2008. Experience from industrial operation has been used to develop a modern fibre processing line with a throughput of up to 5 t per h hemp straw in only one short line.

  20. Programmatic environmental assessment of the DOE Solar Agricultural and Industrial Process Heat Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-01

    The program's potential environmental impacts are evaluated to ensure that environmental issues are considered at the earliest meaningful point in the decision-making process. The existing environment is studied for the following: grain drying; crop drying; livestock shelter heating; food processing; textile products; lumber and wood products; paper products; chemicals; petroleum refining; stone, clay, and glass products; and primary metals industries. Environmental impacts of the proposed action on the following are studied: air quality, water quality, ecosystems, health and safety, land use, esthetics, and social and institutional impacts. (MHR)

  1. Cellulose nanocrystals in nanocomposite approach: Green and high-performance materials for industrial, biomedical and agricultural applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fortunati, E.; Torre, L.

    2016-05-01

    The need to both avoid wastes and find new renewable resources has led to a new and promising research based on the possibility to revalorize the biomass producing sustainable chemicals and/or materials which may play a major role in replacing systems traditionally obtained from non-renewable sources. Most of the low-value biomass is termed lignocellulosic, referring to its main constituent biopolymers: cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin. In this context, nanocellulose, and in particular cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), have gain considerable attention as nanoreinforcement for polymer matrices, mainly biodegradable. Derived from the most abundant polymeric resource in nature and with inherent biodegradability, nanocellulose is an interesting nanofiller for the development of nanocomposites for industrial, biomedical and agricultural applications. Due to the high amount of hydroxyl groups on their surface, cellulose nanocrystals are easy to functionalize. Well dispersed CNC are able, in fact, to enhance several properties of polymers, i.e.: thermal, mechanical, barrier, surface wettability, controlled of active compound and/or drug release. The main objective here is to give a general overview of CNC applications, summarizing our recent developments of bio-based nanocomposite formulations reinforced with cellulose nanocrystals extracted from different natural sources and/or wastes for food packaging, medical and agricultural sectors.

  2. Seasonal atrazine contamination of drinking water in pig-breeding farm surroundings in agricultural and industrial areas of Croatia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gojmerac, T; Kartal, B; Bilandzic, N; Roic, B; Rajkovic-Janje, R

    1996-02-01

    Atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-s-triazine) a s-triazine herbicide, has been widely used in Croatian agriculture. Due to atrazine extensive use and its biodegradation in nature within at least one year (Klassen and Kodoum 1979), atrazine residues are found in ground, surface, drain and drinking water (Vidacek et al. 1994; Gojmerac et al. 1994). Groundwater downgradient from atrazine treated fields may show seasonal concentration peaks which could exceed the safe level (Wehtje et al. 1983). Therefore, the use of atrazine includes permanent control of its residues in water, particularly in relation to its use as a herbicidal chemical and groundwater contamination (Graham 1991). Furthermore, the presence of atrazine in the environment and its possible ingestion via the water, food and feed chain, may present a risk for the animal and human health. The analysis of atrazine residues in soil can be performed by either colorimetry or high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (Vickrey et al. 1980), and in water, soil and food by immunoassay in comparison with HPLC or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GS-MS) (Bushway et al. 1988; Bushway et al. 1989; Bushway et al. 1992; Thurman et al. 1990). We describe the use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for one-year seasonal monitoring of atrazine residues in drinking water from two differently situated pig-breeding farms (agricultural and industrial areas) in Croatia. Results obtained by ELISA were compared to those produced by HPLC. PMID:8720093

  3. [Policy recommendations based on SWOT analysis for agricultural industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials--a case study of uncariae ramulus cum uncis from Jianhe county in Guizhou province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yong; Huo, Ke-Yi; Xiang, Hua

    2013-09-01

    This thesis reviews the historical background of agricultural industrialization, and analyzes the major theories of agricultural industrialization. It also utilizes SWOT analysis method to discuss the industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Jianhe county, and finally it puts forward the recommendations for its further development. PMID:24380319

  4. [Policy recommendations based on SWOT analysis for agricultural industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials--a case study of uncariae ramulus cum uncis from Jianhe county in Guizhou province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Yong; Huo, Ke-Yi; Xiang, Hua

    2013-09-01

    This thesis reviews the historical background of agricultural industrialization, and analyzes the major theories of agricultural industrialization. It also utilizes SWOT analysis method to discuss the industrialization of traditional Chinese medicinal materials in Jianhe county, and finally it puts forward the recommendations for its further development.

  5. Expansion Strategy of Agricultural Industrial Chain of Suburban Villages and Towns in the Process of Urbanization——A Case Study of Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the connotation of agricultural industrial chain, taking Yongle Town in Nanming District of Guiyang City as an example, this paper analyzes the advantages and constraint factors of the suburban villages and towns in the process of expanding agricultural industrial chain in the context of urbanization. Corresponding strategies of expanding the agricultural industrial chain of Yongle Town in the process of urbanization as follows: vigorously develop the leading enterprises; strengthen the construction of farmers’ specialized cooperatives and agricultural associations; build and perfect agricultural industrial chain organizations; set up the public information platform; rely on the food industrial park to propel the deep processing of agricultural products; vigorously develop the logistics of agricultural products; promote the development of operation model of "brand+ standard+ scale"; vigorously develop ecology-oriented rural tourism; give full play to the functional role of the government.

  6. Potential applications of antimicrobial fatty acids in medicine, agriculture and other industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desbois, Andrew P

    2012-08-01

    The antimicrobial effects of free fatty acids are well recognised and these compounds can prevent the growth of or directly kill bacteria, fungi and other microbes by affecting multiple cellular targets, including the cell membrane and components found therein. Moreover, fatty acids exert detrimental effects on microbial pathogens by interfering with mechanisms of virulence, such as preventing biofilm formation and inhibiting the production of toxins and enzymes. The antimicrobial properties of free fatty acids can be exploited for the preservation of perishable products, such as food and cosmetics, and for the prevention and treatment of infections. These safe natural products are particularly useful in circumstances where antimicrobial activity is required but where the use of conventional antibiotics is undesirable or forbidden. This review focuses on the most promising prospects for exploiting the antimicrobial properties of free fatty acids for applications in various industries. The benefits of using fatty acids as antimicrobial agents are discussed and relevant recent patents are highlighted. PMID:22630821

  7. 中外农业产业集群研究综述%Review of the Study on Sino-foreign Agricultural Industrial Clusters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕祖华; 王慧

    2012-01-01

    随着农业产业不断表现出来的集群化现象,农业产业集群也越来越受到人们的关注与重视.农业产业集群化发展可以提升区域农业产业竞争力,已成为国内外现代农业发展的重要方向.本文对中外农业产业集群研究背景、形成机制、发展阶段、发展战略模式等方面进行了梳理,为我国农业产业集群发展提供借鉴.%Along with the agricultural industry constantly displaying cluster phenomenon,agricultural industrial cluster has been brought into public focus.It has become the important direction of the modern agricultural development,and has the vital significance to promote the country and regional economic development.Its research background,formation mechanism,developmental stage and development strategy model about sino-foreign agricultural industrial cluster are analyzed and compared,which can provide reference data for the agricultural industrial cluster development strategy of our country.

  8. Vaccination and reduced cohort duration can drive virulence evolution: Marek's disease virus and industrialized agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Katherine E; Read, Andrew F; Savill, Nicholas J; Renz, Katrin G; Islam, A F M Fakhrul; Walkden-Brown, Stephen W; Woolhouse, Mark E J

    2013-03-01

    Marek's disease virus (MDV), a commercially important disease of poultry, has become substantially more virulent over the last 60 years. This evolution was presumably a consequence of changes in virus ecology associated with the intensification of the poultry industry. Here, we assess whether vaccination or reduced host life span could have generated natural selection, which favored more virulent strains. Using previously published experimental data, we estimated viral fitness under a range of cohort durations and vaccine treatments on broiler farms. We found that viral fitness maximized at intermediate virulence, as a result of a trade-off between virulence and transmission previously reported. Our results suggest that vaccination, acting on this trade-off, could have led to the evolution of increased virulence. By keeping the host alive, vaccination prolongs infectious periods of virulent strains. Improvements in host genetics and nutrition, which reduced broiler life spans below 50 days, could have also increased the virulence of the circulating MDV strains because shortened cohort duration reduces the impact of host death on viral fitness. These results illustrate the dramatic impact anthropogenic change can potentially have on pathogen virulence.

  9. Glycolipid biosurfactants: main properties and potential applications in agriculture and food industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mnif, Inès; Ghribi, Dhouha

    2016-10-01

    Glycolipids, consisting of a carbohydrate moiety linked to fatty acids, are microbial surface active compounds produced by various microorganisms. They are characterized by high structural diversity and have the ability to decrease the surface and interfacial tension at the surface and interface, respectively. Rhamnolipids, trehalolipids, mannosylerythritol lipids and cellobiose lipids are among the most popular glycolipids. They have received much practical attention as biopesticides for controlling plant diseases and protecting stored products. As a result of their antifungal activity towards phytopathogenic fungi and larvicidal and mosquitocidal potencies, glycolipid biosurfactants permit the preservation of plants and plant crops from pest invasion. Also, as a result of their emulsifying and antibacterial activities, glycolipids have great potential as food additives and food preservatives. Furthermore, the valorization of food byproducts via the production of glycolipid biosurfactant has received much attention because it permits the bioconversion of byproducts on valuable compounds and decreases the cost of production. Generally, the use of glycolipids in many fields requires their retention from fermentation media. Accordingly, different strategies have been developed to extract and purify glycolipids. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. PMID:27098847

  10. Agricultural Industry Advanced Vehicle Technology: Benchmark Study for Reduction in Petroleum Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roger Hoy

    2014-09-01

    Diesel use on farms in the United States has remained relatively constant since 1985, decreasing slightly in 2009, which may be attributed to price increases and the economic recession. During this time, the United States’ harvested area also has remained relatively constant at roughly 300 million acres. In 2010, farm diesel use was 5.4% of the total United States diesel use. Crops accounting for an estimated 65% of United States farm diesel use include corn, soybean, wheat, hay, and alfalfa, respectively, based on harvested crop area and a recent analysis of estimated fuel use by crop. Diesel use in these cropping systems primarily is from tillage, harvest, and various other operations (e.g., planting and spraying) (Figure 3). Diesel efficiency is markedly variable due to machinery types, conditions of operation (e.g., soil type and moisture), and operator variability. Farm diesel use per acre has slightly decreased in the last two decades and diesel is now estimated to be less than 5% of farm costs per acre. This report will explore current trends in increasing diesel efficiency in the farm sector. The report combines a survey of industry representatives, a review of literature, and data analysis to identify nascent technologies for increasing diesel efficiency

  11. Techniques for high dose dosimetry in industry, agriculture and medicine. Proceedings of a symposium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In radiation processing, it is important that the irradiated products are reliable and safe. For processes that impact directly on public health, dosimetry provides a formal means of regulation. For other applications, measurements are indispensable for process control to improve quality and the measurements have to be standardized. Thus, dosimetry is an essential part of quality standards for radiation processes. In the developing world, establishment of such quality standards is only in the embryonic stage, and the IAEA should and does play a role in the development and implementation of these standards. The IAEA initiated a programme of high dose dosimetry in 1977 to accomplish dose standardization on an industrial scale, to promote dosimetry as a quality control measure in radiation processing, and to help develop new dosimetry techniques. Since dosimetry has such a key role in these processes, the IAEA organized this international symposium to provide a forum for presentation and discussion of up-to-date developments in this field. Since the International Symposium on High Dose Dosimetry for Radiation Processing held in 1990 the field of dosimetry has deepened and broadened. There is a definite shift towards quality assurance, which calls for dependable dosimetry systems with well established traceability to national or international standards. Also, many new applications of radiation have been developed and for these new and innovative dosimetry methods are needed. This symposium has provided a forum for the discussion of many of these developments and consideration of the outstanding issues in these vital areas

  12. The milk industry: No longer acash cow? : ”How a cause related marketing approach could help raiseawareness regarding the domestic agricultural situation in Sweden”

    OpenAIRE

    Lagerstedt, Jonas P.; Hermansson, Karl-Johan O.; Carls, Martin G.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to examine the potential effects of a cause related marketing approach inthe Swedish agricultural industry. This was done by analyzing the market potential and how an industry,through a marketing perspective, can help rejuvenate a troublesome sector, more specifically thedomestic milk sector. A mixed-method was utilized in order to answer the research question. Qualitativeinterviews with stakeholders throughout the supply chain were conducted to create greater k...

  13. Comparison of Ground Water Bacterial Cell Sizes from the Agricultural,Domestic and Industrial Areas of Mysore District,Karnataka State,India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wadie Ahmed Mokbel; Sadanand M Yamakanamardi

    2008-01-01

    A two-year study on temporal variations in the ground water heterotrophic bacterial cell sizes of free living bacteria(FLB)and particle bound bacteria(PBB)from the agricultural,domestic and industrial areas was carried out from Februar y2005 to January 2007.The overall mean cell length of FLB and PBB was similar in all the ground water studied.However,the season wise grouped data revealed significant seasonal changes in cell length of FLB and PBB,as smaller bacteria were noticed during rainy season in the ground water in agricultural area in both the years,and only in the second year of study in domestic and industrial areas.Generally,it was noticed that there were summer maximum and rainy minimum values of the cell length of PBB in the ground water in agricultural,domestic and industrial areas in the second year of study.The Pearson's correlations showed the presence of 8(in agricultural area),5(in domestic)and 3(in industrial) significant correlations with environmental(Physico-chemical)parameters,respectively.The regression analysis revealed that as much as 12%of variation in the mean length of FL Bwas due to NO3(+)in agricultural area and 9%due to total solids(+)indomestic area.However,the 8% variation in bacterial cell size of FLB was due to Mg(+)in industrial area.Whereas,13%variation in mean length of PBB was due to S04(+)in agncultural area and 10%due to total anions of strong acid(TASA)(+)in domestic area.Furthermore,10% of variation Was due to PO4(+)in industrial area.Thus,the statistical analysis revealed that several environmental variables were potentially responsible for some of the temporal variations in aquatic heterotrophic bacterial cell size,suggesting probably the stressed environment in these ecosystems.

  14. Change of the natural radiation exposure due to agriculture and industrial activities in a high natural radioactivity area from Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Pocos de Caldas Plateau, Minas Gerais State one of the biggest alkaline intrusions in the world. This study has shown the expected value for the mean annual radiation exposure due to the agricultural activities ranges from 6 up to 14 mSv/a depending on the age and living habits of the population group. The inhalation exposure of radon, thoron and their progenies represents the largest radiological health hazard (70-90%); this is followed by the external gamma irradiation from soil (10-25%). Ingestion of natural radionuclides with local food is only of minor radiological consequence. It was found that the lethal cancer risk might increase by 4% for a person born at the plateau, living and working there for the rest of her life. For the remote population the consumption the consumption of food products exported from the plateau leads to an expected value for the collective dose of 19 man Sv/a. This corresponding nominally to the small calculated number of 1 additional case of cancer per year. Therefore the main radiation impact of the agricultural activities are not the increased concentrations of natural radionuclides in food products but the fact that they are produced there with human labor and thus increasing the radiation exposure to a large number of farm workers and their families that move for occupational reasons to that region. The radiation exposure due to the mining and milling activities is, in spite of the significant increase of radionuclide activity concentrations in river waters, only of the order of 0.3 mSv/a. However as a recognized industrial source the ICRP dose limitation system has to be applied. Under this aspect the exposure calculated here, 0.3 mSv/a, should be considered as acceptable. (author). 93 refs, 16 figs, 58 tabs

  15. Levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in some agricultural, industrial and urban areas along Xiamen coastal waters, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    An intensive investigation was conducted to study the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), to show firstly the level of pollution in the agricultural areas and analyses specifically the status of soil polluted by these persistent pollutants in some locations of Xiamen region. Soil samples collected from Jiulong agricultural catchment have been analysed for 16 PAH compounds, using gas chromatography flame ionization detection in order to determine the level of selected PAH components and to identify the factors that may control their distribution and persistence in the area. The main PAHs found in soil samples were the low molecular weight. The total PAHs detected in soil samples ranged from 0.50 to 0.95 μg/g soil. The highest values of PAHs were significantly detected in the orange tree leaves, which range from 236.1 to 249.3 μg/g soil showing recent atmospheric inputs of these volatile pollutants. The distribution of PAHs in vegetable were monitored and indicating that the concentration were high and ranged from 8.24 to 58.87 μg/g. Other sediment samples were also collected and analysed from urban sewage (5.26 μg/g dw), aquacultural(0.52 μg/g dw) and industrial areas (from 0.62 to 2.09 μg/g dw), during this investigation. The contamination of Jiulong river estuary and Xiamen Western Sea by PAHs has been then widely justified by wastewater discharges and soil runoffs from these areas. The results, therefore, provide important information on the current contamination status caused by the atmospheric transport and point to the need for urgent actions to stop the release of these hydrocarbons to the environment. The necessity of implementing systematic monitoring of PAHs is also emphasized.

  16. Trends in multi-pollutant emissions from a technology-linked inventory for India: II. Residential, agricultural and informal industry sectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandey, Apoorva; Sadavarte, Pankaj; Rao, Anand B.; Venkataraman, Chandra

    2014-12-01

    Dispersed traditional combustion technologies, characterized by inefficient combustion and significant emissions, are widely used in residential cooking and "informal industries" including brick production, food and agricultural product processing operations like drying and cooking operations related to sugarcane juice, milk, food-grain, jute, silk, tea and coffee. In addition, seasonal agricultural residue burning in field is a discontinuous source of significant emissions. Here we estimate fuel consumption in these sectors and agricultural residue burned using detailed technology divisions and survey-based primary data for 2010 and projected between 1996 and 2015. In the residential sector, a decline in the fraction of solid biomass users for cooking from 79% in 1996 to 65% in 2010 was offset by a growing population, leading to a nearly constant population of solid biomass users, with a corresponding increase in the population of LPG users. Emissions from agriculture followed the growth in agricultural production and diesel use by tractors and pumps. Trends in emissions from the informal industries sector followed those in coal combustion in brick kilns. Residential biomass cooking stoves were the largest contributors to emissions of PM2.5, OC, CO, NMVOC and CH4. Highest emitting technologies of BC were residential kerosene wick lamps. Emissions of SO2 were largely from coal combustion in Bull's trench kilns and other brick manufacturing technologies. Diesel use in tractors was the major source of NOx emissions. Uncertainties in emission estimates were principally from highly uncertain emission factors, particularly for technologies in the informal industries.

  17. Thoughts on Enhancing Guangdong Agribusiness Agricultural Industry Chain%关于提升广东农垦农业产业链的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖建琳; 廖旗平

    2013-01-01

    广东农垦主要农业产业链经过30多年的发展,已经形成了横向拓宽、纵向延伸的产业链。但是与现代化的农业产业链要求相比,还存在产业链条向产前、产后延伸不够等问题,需要从创新广东农垦特色的农产品生产合作机制等出发,建立长效机制,提升广东农垦主要农业产业链的水平。%After 30 years of development, the major agricultural industry chain of Guangdong agribusiness has come into being horizontal widened and vertical extended. Compared with modern agricultural industry chain, problems are remained to be solved, for instance, insufficient extension in pre-production and post-production, which should be proceeded from innovating agricultural products cooperative mechanism with Guangdong agriculture and reclamation features, sequentially establish long-term mechanism to improve the major agricultural industry chain of Guangdong agribusiness.

  18. Academic, Industry and Student Perspectives on the Inclusion of "Vocational Knowledge" in a "Learning and Teaching Academic Standards Statement" for Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acuña, Tina Botwright; Kelder, Jo-Anne; Able, Amanda J.; Guisard, Yann; Bellotti, William D.; McDonald, Glenn; Doyle, Richard; Wormell, Paul; Meinke, Holger

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on the perspective of industry stakeholders in a national project to develop a Learning and Teaching Academic Standards (LTAS) Statement for the Agriculture discipline. The AgLTAS Statement will be aligned with the Science LTAS Statement published in 2011 and comprise a discourse on the nature and extent of the Agriculture…

  19. Draft Genome Sequence of Pseudomonas putida CBF10-2, a Soil Isolate with Bioremediation Potential in Agricultural and Industrial Environmental Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Rupa; Damania, Ashish

    2016-01-01

    Pseudomonas putida CBF10-2 is a microorganism isolated from farmland soil in Fairchild, TX, found to degrade high-impact xenobiotics, including organophosphate insecticides, petroleum hydrocarbons, and both monocyclic and polycyclic aromatics. The versatility of CBF10-2 makes it useful for multipurpose bioremediation of contaminated sites in agricultural and industrial environments. PMID:27417844

  20. California--Becoming an Agricultural and Industrial Power. Grade 4 Model Lesson for Unit 3, Standard 4.4. California History-Social Science Course Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freet, Jane; Porter, Priscilla

    This unit focuses on California's growth as an agricultural and industrial power in the 20th century and includes the impact of key people and key historic events. The unit is divided into 4 overlapping topics and should take 10 weeks to implement. Students examine how California became a power by tracing the transformation of the California…

  1. Animal Science Experts' Opinions on the Non-Technical Skills Secondary Agricultural Education Graduates Need for Employment in the Animal Science Industry: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slusher, Wendy L.; Robinson, J. Shane; Edwards, M. Craig

    2010-01-01

    Non-technical, employability skills are in high demand for entry-level job-seekers. As such, this study sought to describe the perceptions of Oklahoma's animal science industry leaders as it related to the employability skills needed for entry-level employment of high school graduates who had completed coursework in Oklahoma's Agricultural, Food…

  2. Study on Project Management of Fiscal Supporting Agricultural Industrialization%财政支持农业产业化项目管理探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐薇

    2014-01-01

    the agricultural industrialization project aims to promote the agricultural restructuring and optimization, increase the farmers' income and solve"three agriculture problems". To get financial support and guidance is a crucial factor for the development of the agricultural industrialization project. The key to success is the effective project management. This paper first introduces the financial investment and outcomes of FuJian agricultural industrialization projects, and then analyzes the existing problems. Finally, it puts forward some suggestions for the agricultural industrialization project management from the viewpoints of project establishment, process management, system construction and overall coordination, etc.%农业产业化项目对于促进农业结构调整和优化,增加农民收入起着四两拨千金的作用,为解决“三农”问题做出了贡献。农业产业化项目的开展通常需要通过政府财政进行支持和引导,有效的项目管理则是这种财政支持方式成功的关键。本文通过介绍福建省农业产业化项目的财政投入现状和取得的成效,分析其存在的问题,最后从立项评审、过程管理、制度建设和统筹协调等方面对财政支持农业产业化项目管理提出建议。

  3. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature (Tmax) of 368.9–388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites

  4. A universal route for the simultaneous extraction and functionalization of cellulose nanocrystals from industrial and agricultural celluloses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Guo-Yin; Yu, Hou-Yong, E-mail: phdyu@zstu.edu.cn; Zhang, Cai-Hong [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, The Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of Ministry of Education, College of Materials and Textiles (China); Zhou, Ying; Yao, Ju-Ming, E-mail: yaoj@zstu.edu.cn [Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials & Processing Technology (China)

    2016-02-15

    A simple route was designed to extract the cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) with formate groups from industrial and agricultural celluloses like microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), viscose fiber, ginger fiber, and bamboo fiber. The effect of reaction time on the microstructure and properties of the CNCs was investigated in detail, while microstructure and properties of different CNCs were compared. The rod-like CNCs (MCC) with hundreds of nanometers in length and about 10 nm in width, nanofibrillated CNCs (ginger fiber bamboo fiber) with average width of 30 nm and the length of 1 μm, and spherical CNCs (viscose fiber) with the width of 56 nm were obtained by one-step HCOOH/HCl hydrolysis. The CNCs with improved thermal stability showed the maximum degradation temperature (T{sub max}) of 368.9–388.2 °C due to the introduction of formate groups (reducibility) and the increased crystallinity. Such CNCs may be used as an effective template for the synthesis of nanohybrids or reinforcing material for high-performance nanocomposites.

  5. Anaerobic digestion of selected Italian agricultural and industrial residues (grape seeds and leather dust): combined methane production and digestate characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caramiello, C; Lancellotti, I; Righi, F; Tatàno, F; Taurino, R; Barbieri, L

    2013-01-01

    A combined experimental evaluation of methane production (obtained by anaerobic digestion) and detailed digestate characterization (with physical-chemical, thermo-gravimetric and mineralogical approaches) was conducted on two organic substrates, which are specific to Italy (at regional and national levels). One of the substrates was grape seeds, which have an agricultural origin, whereas the other substrate was vegetable-tanned leather dust, which has an industrial origin. Under the assumed experimental conditions of the performed lab-scale test series, the grape seed substrate exhibited a resulting net methane production of 175.0 NmL g volatile solids (VS)(-1); hence, it can be considered as a potential energy source via anaerobic digestion. Conversely, the net methane production obtained from the anaerobic digestion of the vegetable-tanned leather dust substrate was limited to 16.1 NmL gVS(-1). A detailed characterization of the obtained digestates showed that there were both nitrogen-containing compounds and complex organic compounds present in the digestate that was obtained from the mixture of leather dust and inoculum. As a general perspective of this experimental study, the application of diversified characterization analyzes could facilitate (1) a better understanding of the main properties of the obtained digestates to evaluate their potential valorization, and (2) a combination of the digestate characteristics with the corresponding methane productions to comprehensively evaluate the bioconversion process.

  6. Anaerobic digestion of selected Italian agricultural and industrial residues (grape seeds and leather dust): combined methane production and digestate characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caramiello, C; Lancellotti, I; Righi, F; Tatàno, F; Taurino, R; Barbieri, L

    2013-01-01

    A combined experimental evaluation of methane production (obtained by anaerobic digestion) and detailed digestate characterization (with physical-chemical, thermo-gravimetric and mineralogical approaches) was conducted on two organic substrates, which are specific to Italy (at regional and national levels). One of the substrates was grape seeds, which have an agricultural origin, whereas the other substrate was vegetable-tanned leather dust, which has an industrial origin. Under the assumed experimental conditions of the performed lab-scale test series, the grape seed substrate exhibited a resulting net methane production of 175.0 NmL g volatile solids (VS)(-1); hence, it can be considered as a potential energy source via anaerobic digestion. Conversely, the net methane production obtained from the anaerobic digestion of the vegetable-tanned leather dust substrate was limited to 16.1 NmL gVS(-1). A detailed characterization of the obtained digestates showed that there were both nitrogen-containing compounds and complex organic compounds present in the digestate that was obtained from the mixture of leather dust and inoculum. As a general perspective of this experimental study, the application of diversified characterization analyzes could facilitate (1) a better understanding of the main properties of the obtained digestates to evaluate their potential valorization, and (2) a combination of the digestate characteristics with the corresponding methane productions to comprehensively evaluate the bioconversion process. PMID:24191456

  7. Evaluation on the regional agricultural industries' competitiveness in China%我国区域农业产业竞争力评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琨; 平瑛

    2012-01-01

    [目的]对我国30个省(市、自治区)农业产业竞争力进行分析,为国家相关部门制定农业产业政策提供参考.[方法]通过因子分析、咨询专家意见等方法确定各指标的权重,建立适用于农业产业竞争力评估的综合评价模型,并应用综合评价模型对全国30个省(市、自治区)的农业竞争力进行评价.[结果]我国30个省(市、自治区)可分为高、中、低竞争力3个小组.虽然高组组内的排序有细微变化,但是高组的组成成员基本上无变化;与高组相比,中组和低组的变动频率较为频繁.我国农业产业具有明显的地域集中性,且农业优势产业带明显.[建议]延伸农业产业链、增加农业附加值,发挥区域资源优势、发展特色农业,走农业规模化经营之路,以促进我国农业可持续健康发展.%The agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China were analyzed in order to provide references for relevant departments to formulate new agricultural industrial policy. [Method]Analyzing correlating factors and consulting experts were used to weigh the index and establish the evaluation model of agricultural industrial competitiveness. The established evaluation model was used to assess the agricultural industrial competitiveness of 30 provinces in China. [Result]According to the final calculated scores, 30 provinces were divided into 3 groups: high competitiveness, middle competitiveness, and low competitiveness. The members in high competitiveness group hardly changed during 2008-2010; the rank of high competitiveness members, on the other hand, changed slightly. Compared to the members in the high competitiveness group, members in the middle competitiveness group and low competitiveness group changed positions frequently. Chinese agricultural industry showed obvious regional concentrations and the advantage agricultural industry areas were apparent. [ Suggestion ] In order to promote sustainable and

  8. The application of nuclear physics in industry and agriculture%核物理与工农业发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑涛

    2012-01-01

    核物理应用主要包括核分析技术、同位素技术和离子束技术的应用,这些应用在工农业生产中发挥着巨大作用.离子束、电子束和同位素辐射源被广泛应用于辐照探伤、辐照加工、辐照消毒、辐照育种、辐照杀虫、辐照保藏等方面.核物理应用新技术将成为人类生活中重要的组成部分,正确认识核辐射并掌握基本的辐射防护知识具有重要意义.文章介绍了核物理在工业和农业中的应用及其社会效益和经济效益.%The applications of nuclear physics, which include nuclear analytical techniques, isotope tech nology, and ion beam technology, play an impor electron beams and isotopic radiation sources irradiation sterilization, radioactive treatment preservation,etc. Through a correct understan radiation protection, new technological applica human life. tant role in industrial and agricultural production. Ion beams, are widely used in radiation detection, radiation processing, of seeds, radioactive eradication of insect pests, radioactive ding of nuclear radiation and a good grasp of the basics of tions of nuclear physics will become an important part of

  9. Influence of agricultural, industrial, and anthropogenic stresses on the distribution and diversity of macroinvertebrates in Juru River Basin, Penang, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Shami, Salman A; Md Rawi, Che Salmah; Ahmad, Abu Hassan; Abdul Hamid, Suhaila; Mohd Nor, Siti Azizah

    2011-07-01

    Abundance and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates as well as physico-chemical parameters were investigated in five rivers of the Juru River Basin in northern Peninsula Malaysia: Ceruk Tok Kun River (CTKR), Pasir River (PR), Permatang Rawa River (PRR), Kilang Ubi River (KUR), and Juru River (JR). The physico-chemical parameters and calculated water quality index (WQI) were significantly different among the investigated rivers (ANOVA, P<0.05). The WQI classified CTKR, PR, and JR into class III (slightly polluted). However, PRR and KUR fell into class IV (polluted). High diversity and abundance of macroinvertebrates, especially the intolerant taxa, Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera, were observed in the least polluted river, CTKR. Decreasing abundance of macroinvertebrates followed the deterioration of river water quality with the least number of the most tolerant taxa collected from PR. On the basis of composition and sensitivity of macroinvertebrates to pollutants in each river, the highest Biological Monitoring Working Party (BMWP) index score of 93 was reported in CTKR (good water quality). BMWP scores in PRR and JR were 38.7 and 20.1, respectively, classifying both of them into "moderate water quality" category. Poor water quality was reported in PR and KUR. The outcome of the multivariate analysis (CCA) was highly satisfactory, explaining 43.32% of the variance for the assemblages of macroinvertebrates as influenced by 19 physical and chemical variables. According to the CCA model, we assert that there were three levels of stresses on macroinvertebrate communities in the investigated rivers: Level 1, characterized of undisturbed or slightly polluted as in the case of CTKR; Level 2, characterized by a lower habitat quality (the JR) compared to the CTKR; and Level 3 showed severe environmental stresses (PRR, PR, and KUR) primarily contributed by agricultural, industrial, and municipal discharges.

  10. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling; JIANG; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of enterprises, it builds indicator system for evaluating the profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises. Also, it conducts an empirical analysis on profit quality of Chinese small and medium-sized enterprises with YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province as an example.

  11. Evaluation on the Risks of Agricultural Industrial Chain Based on FAHP——A Case of Regions Inhabited by Ethnic Groups in Wuling Mountain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Through recognizing the risking factors of industrial chain and selecting appropriate evaluation method, the index system on evaluating risking factors including market risk, natural risk, contact risk and efficiency risk in industrial chain is constructed,26 weighting indicators under the four layers are set up. Taking regions inhabited by ethnic groups in Wuling Mountain as an example, the risking factors of agricultural industrial chain in the area are analyzed by adopting the FAHP. The influencing degree of each risking factor on credit risks is analyzed. The results assume that with the market risk, contract risk, natural risk and efficiency risk. The natural risks become the principal risks of agricultural industrial chain and it should be paid much attention to. The low credit risk is a major factor that causes the contract between enterprise and rural households. The flood, pests, diseases and disasters also should be paid high attention to that is regarded as risking factors. The risking factors that come from the efficiency risk layer, for example, the unequal profit distribution among enterprises has little effect on enterprises in industrial chain. The research results provide evidence for stipulating risk prevention measures.

  12. Impacts and uses of seasonal and intraseasonal predictions in the business community with an emphasis on the energy and agricultural industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streit, D.; Murnane, R.

    2003-04-01

    Almost any industry can benefit financially from accurate seasonal and intraseasonal predictions by determining threats to profits and taking out derivative insurance. However, the energy and agricultural industries stand to gain from these forecasts in many more ways and are therefore already using them in their decision support systems. Earth Satellite Corporation is one of the leading companies providing seasonal and intraseasonal forecasts to customers in these communities. The end users in both can be broadly divided into producers and traders, each with specific needs and applications. In this presentation, we describe those needs and applications based on our 30 years of experience. The basic difference between traders and producers in both groups is that traders will use a long-range forecast to define their overall trading strategy for a season, while producers will use the forecast more in a tactical sense to either cut their losses or maximize their profits. For example, agricultural producers will change the crops to be planted if they know a dry growing season is expected. In the energy industry, the amount of natural gas or heating oil stored by producers for the upcoming heating season is driven by forecasts. Traders in both industries will apply a more aggressive or cautious approach to the positions they take based on the forecasts. The rest of the presentation will describe other several other applications in retail, transportation, and the housing industry.

  13. 基于SCP范式的我国农业产业化分析%Research on Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Based on SCP Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈立早

    2011-01-01

    以产业组织理论的SCP范式为出发点,分析了我国农业市场结构、行为、绩效的特点,说明在农业产业化过程中,我国农业发展存在集中度过低、产品差异化程度低、劳动力过剩、农业利润率和产业贡献率不足、农户难以适应市场竞争等问题.并为解决这些问题提供了一些政策性建议:加强经营主体联合,发展农村合作组织;促进土地流转,明晰产权制度;加快剩余劳动力转移,降低退出壁垒;加大科技投入,提高科技进步贡献率;改善流通渠道,增强农业竞争力,%Taking the SCP mode of industrial organization theory as the starting point, the paper analyzed Chinese agricultural market structure, market behavior and performance and draw lessons from foreign experiences in developing agriculture. In the process of agricultural industrialization , Chinese agricultural development exists the problems of low intensive degree, low degree of differential products, surplus labor forces, low agricultural profit rate and low industrial contribution rate and farmers' difficultly in adapting to market competition. The paper puts forward some suggestions for addressing the problems.

  14. 农业产业化的内生动力--陕西富平订单农业模式%The Endogenous Motivity of the Agricultural Industrialization---The Order Agriculture Pattern in Fuping of Shaanxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马义玲

    2016-01-01

    The agricultural industrialization as a kind of new way of production and operation was born in China in the transition from the planned economic system to market-based economic system from 1992 to 1993. After 20 years of development, China’s a-gricultural industrialization level is still uneven. The order agriculture pattern in Fuping of Shaanxi sets up an effective benefit connec-tion mechanism among agricultural management main bodies through orders, contracts and a series of credit structure files, realizes the cohesion between the small-scale production and big-scale market, speeds up the land circulation, promotes the production scale, solves rural collateral financing problems, thus promotes the rapid development of the agricultural industrialization. The pattern has a certain promotion value in those industries with the obvious regional characteristics and the high standard of scale and intensivism.%农业产业化作为一种新的生产经营方式,诞生在中国从计划经济体制向市场经济体制转轨的1992年至1993年间,经过二十多年的发展,我国农业产业化水平仍然参差不齐。陕西富平订单农业模式通过订单、合同等一系列信用结构文件,使农业经营主体之间建立了有效的利益连接机制,实现了小生产与大市场的衔接,加速了土地流转,推动了生产规模化,破解了农村抵押担保融资难题,从而推动农业产业化迅速发展。这种模式在具有明显区域特色、规模化和集约化要求高的产业具有一定的推广价值。

  15. Transplantation of Agriculture Modern Service Industry and Innovation of Modern System of Agriculture in China%农业现代服务业的引植与中国农业现代化制度的创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘锦云; 汪时珍; 杨国才

    2012-01-01

    依赖于农业生产机械化、水利化和化肥化道路,欧美发达国家成功地完成了农业现代化。中国复制欧美模式六十余年,至今仍未完成从小农经营向现代农业生产方式的转变,与实现农业现代化的目标相去甚远。因此,中国应对现行的农业现代化制度安排进行反思和创新。现代服务业具有现代科技和信息技术的产业优势,移植农业现代服务业来改造传统农业,不仅符合现代服务业拓展其服务空间的需要,而且能够有效地创新中国农业现代化实现制度。虽然中国新型农业现代化制度有其内在需求与供给机理,但要实现其制度设计,至少应在学习、技术、产业、政策等方面进行制度创新。%Dependent on the road of agricultural production mechanization, irrigation and fertilizer, European and American countries successfully completed the agriculture modernization, China has copied the European and American models for sixty years, hut it has not done the change from small farmers to modern agricultural production methods, it is far from the target of agricultural modernization. Therefore, China should reflect and innovate the existing agricultural modernization system. Mod- em service with modern technology and information technology industrial advantages, transplanting modern services to transform traditional agriculture, it not only meets the needs the space to expand its services, but also effectively innovate the agricul- tural modernization system in China. To achieve our system design, Although it has its internal mechanism, in the demand and supply, China's new system agricultural modernization should at least innovate the path of the learning, technology, industry.

  16. 加入 WTO 以来中国农业产业安全分析%Analysis of Security of Chinese Agricultural Industry Since Joining WTO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董银果; 梁根; 尚慧琴

    2015-01-01

    Since China got access to WTO in 2001 ,a large number of foreign agricultural products and FDI flooded into China's market ,which inevitably threatened the security of its agriculture at some extent .This paper chooses three types of sensitive agricultural products including soybean ,maize and cotton ,sets up industry security indices and make empirical study on Chinese agricultural industry security ,and finally explores the real threat to agricultural industry safety by analyzing the sources of imports and import dependency .The study reveals that the soybean industry is in crisis and the main threat is from the United States ,the maize industry changed from basi‐cally safe to unsafe and the main threat also comes from the United States ,and the cotton industry is in crisis and the main threat comes from the United States and India .Finally ,we propose to strengthen the agricultural indus‐try security risk warning and pre‐control study ,to establish countermeasure allowing intensity of the domestic in‐dustry protection directly proportional to quantity of importing agricultural products ,and to construct agricultural industry security protection system .%加入WTO以来,随着中国农产品市场开放程度加大,国外大量农产品和直接投资进入中国市场,对中国农业产业安全形成一定威胁。采用熵权法实证测量加入WTO以来大豆、玉米和棉花三类敏感性农产品产业安全水平的演变,进而从进口来源地和进口依赖性两方面探寻产业安全的威胁源头。研究表明:大豆产业已处于“危机”状态,主要威胁来自美国;玉米产业由“基本安全”转为“不安全”状态,主要威胁来自美国;棉花产业也处于“危机”状态,主要威胁来自美国和印度。针对中国农业产业安全状况,提出加强农业产业安全风险预警预控研究,确保农产品进口量与国内产业保护力度成正比以及构建农业产业安

  17. The Collaborative Relationship among Industrialization,Urbanization,Informatization and Agricultural Modernization and the Path of Synchronous Development in China: An Analysis Based on the Data during 1978-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xinzhi; LIU; Lu; LI; Yusong; LIU

    2014-01-01

    The synchronous development of industrialization,urbanization,agricultural modernization and informatization is the basic trend and future requirements of China’s economic and social development. By using the relevant data of 1978- 2011,and establishing the VAR model,we find that in the short term,industrialization is the Granger cause of urbanization; urbanization is the Granger cause of industrialization,informatization,and agricultural modernization; agricultural modernization is the Granger cause of industrialization,informatization and urbanization; informatization is the Granger reason of industrialization,urbanization and agricultural modernization. In the long run,there are long-term and stable relations among them,and at the same time,their changes affect the structure of each other,and there are pulling effect among them.

  18. Industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter of the environmental control report deals with the environmental impact of the industry in Austria. It gives a review of the structure and types of the industry, the legal framework and environmental policy of industrial relevance. The environmental situation of the industry in Austria is analyzed in detail, concerning air pollution (SO2, NOx, CO2, CO, CH4, N2O, NH3, Pb, Cd, Hg, dioxin, furans), waste water, waste management and deposit, energy and water consumption. The state of the art in respect of the IPPC-directives (European Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control Bureau) concerning the best available techniques of the different industry sectors is outlined. The application of European laws and regulations in the Austrian industry is described. (a.n.)

  19. Pollution and Environmental Issues in Agriculture and the Livestock Industry: A Brief Review of the Japanese Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kawata, Yukichika

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of the current conditions of livestock-related environmental problems in Japan. The former Basic Agriculture Act, which was effective between 1961 and 1999, promoted single cropping, the use of chemicals in agricultural methods, and the use of large-sized machines, which caused problems such as soil impoverishment, replant failure, chemical residue accumulation, ground water pollution, and productivity reduction. Many of these livestock-related environmental pr...

  20. Comparison of the Three Cooperative Types of Agricultural Technology Popularization Based on the Industrialization of Tomato Industry in Xinjiang Autonomous Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In the process of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang, the cooperative models of rural households and tomato processing enterprises are order type, mediated type and workshop type. The contents, closeness degree and stability of cooperation of them are different. Under different cooperation models, the closeness degree of pillar industry and rural households differs, as well as the speed and effect of the technology promotion. By comparing the situation of technology promotion under the three cooperative models, the results can be obtained. The workshop type can reduce the risks of adopting new technologies of farmers greatly; strengthen the internal motivation of farmers to adopt new technology, so it can attract more farmers. Therefore, the workshop type represents the developmental direction of industrialization of tomato industry in Xinjiang to a certain extent.

  1. Industrialization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discusses the role-plays by nuclear technology to enhance productivity in industry. Some of the techniques, Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) - x, gamma, electron and neutron radiography, nuclear gauges, materials characterization are discussed thoroughly

  2. 工业化、城镇化过程中的农业涅磐%Agricultural Nirvana During Industrialization and Urbanization Process

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨沛英

    2011-01-01

    “十二五”规划提出要在工业化、城镇化深入发展中同步推进农业现代化,但在实际推进中仍然存在一些难以克服的矛盾、问题和困难。诸如工业化、城镇化用地刚性需求和农业规模化对土地刚性需求的矛盾;农村劳动力总体过剩和农业经营人才严重短缺的矛盾;米贵伤市民、谷贱伤农民的矛盾等等。当前,工业化、城镇化浪潮势不可挡,而农业的弱质性却难以克服。必须真正把农业放在第一位,改造小农经济,推动土地流转、加大农田水利建设、并转变县域经济发展方式。%"The Twelfth Five-Year Guideline" puts forward to develop agricultural modernization during the depth development of industrialization and urbanization, but in actual promotion, there still existed in some contradictions, problems and difficulties, which were difficult to overcome. Such as the contradiction between industrialization and urbanization rigid demand for farmland, and the farmland rigid need of agricultural scale; and the contradiction between rural labor force overall surplus and agricultural management talent serious shortage. Meanwhile, the contradiction was from the two aspects of citizens and the farmers: the high rice price will cut citizens' profit, and the low price will cut farmers' profit, and so on. At present, the wave of industrialization and urbanization was unstoppable, but the agricultural feeble characteristic was difficult to overcome. Therefore, agriculture should be place in the first place, and then reform small peasant economy, promote land circulation, increase the irrigation and water conservancy construction, and change the county economy development mode.

  3. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  4. Regression Test of Independence of the Impact of Petroleum Industry on the Agricultural Sector in Nigeria (1972-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sule Ja’afaru Garba

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper titled “the impact of petroleum sector on the agricultural development in Nigeria between 1972-2009’ is a child of necessity. The negative impact of over relying on the petroleum sector thereby neglecting the Agricultural sector is seen here as the major problem that borders the mind of the researcher. The primary objective here is to analyze critical the implication of over reliance on petroleum sector as the only major source of foreign exchange for the country and as such try to suggest some possible ways out as one can never he sure of what will be the faith of the Nigeria economy tomorrow should the going get tough. The researcher used secondary method to obtain his data. It was discovered that reverse will be for the Nigeria economy tomorrow in case of economic meltdown due to over reliance on the oil sector. Simple regression model was used to test the degree of relationship between the dependent and the independent variable. Meanwhile, the researcher employed the coefficient of determination to test the goodness of fit, while f-test was employed to test the significance of the regression estimated and a priority and magnitude of the regression co-efficient evaluated. It has been recommended that revenue derived from petroleum export be expended on projects that will bring about meaningful transformation in the agricultural sector.

  5. Disease spread models to estimate highly uncertain emerging diseases losses for animal agriculture insurance policies: an application to the U.S. farm-raised catfish industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zagmutt, Francisco J; Sempier, Stephen H; Hanson, Terril R

    2013-10-01

    Emerging diseases (ED) can have devastating effects on agriculture. Consequently, agricultural insurance for ED can develop if basic insurability criteria are met, including the capability to estimate the severity of ED outbreaks with associated uncertainty. The U.S. farm-raised channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) industry was used to evaluate the feasibility of using a disease spread simulation modeling framework to estimate the potential losses from new ED for agricultural insurance purposes. Two stochastic models were used to simulate the spread of ED between and within channel catfish ponds in Mississippi (MS) under high, medium, and low disease impact scenarios. The mean (95% prediction interval (PI)) proportion of ponds infected within disease-impacted farms was 7.6% (3.8%, 22.8%), 24.5% (3.8%, 72.0%), and 45.6% (4.0%, 92.3%), and the mean (95% PI) proportion of fish mortalities in ponds affected by the disease was 9.8% (1.4%, 26.7%), 49.2% (4.7%, 60.7%), and 88.3% (85.9%, 90.5%) for the low, medium, and high impact scenarios, respectively. The farm-level mortality losses from an ED were up to 40.3% of the total farm inventory and can be used for insurance premium rate development. Disease spread modeling provides a systematic way to organize the current knowledge on the ED perils and, ultimately, use this information to help develop actuarially sound agricultural insurance policies and premiums. However, the estimates obtained will include a large amount of uncertainty driven by the stochastic nature of disease outbreaks, by the uncertainty in the frequency of future ED occurrences, and by the often sparse data available from past outbreaks.

  6. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  7. Current and Projected Modes of Delivery of Veterinary Medical Services to Animal Agriculture: Industrial/Commercial Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glick, Phillip Ray

    1980-01-01

    Veterinary education must re-establish its teaching objectives. Students need practical knowledge in areas such as business management, communications, marketing, public relations, facility management, and personnel management. Industry must also meet its obligations to continue to provide safe, dependable products that fill a practice need. (MLW)

  8. Potentials for win-win alliances among animal agriculture and forest products industries: Application of the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ellis; B.; Cowling; Cari; S.; Furiness

    2005-01-01

    Commercial forests in many parts of the world are deficient in nitrogen and phosphorus. These nutrient-deficient forests often exist in close proximity to large animal feeding operations, meat processing and other food, textile, or other biomass-processing plants, and municipal waste treatment facilities. Many of these facilities produce large surpluses of nitrogen,phosphorus, and organic matter as gaseous ammonia, urea, uric acid, phosphorus compounds,bacterial sludges, and partially treated municipal wastewaters. These co-existing and substantial nutrient deficiencies and surpluses offer ready-made opportunities for discovery, demonstration,and commercial development of science-based, technology-facilitated, environmentally sound,economically viable, and socially acceptable "win-win alliances" among these major industries based on the principles of industrial ecology and sustainable development. The major challenge is to discover practical means to capture the surplus nutrients and put them to work in forest stands from which value-added products can be produced and sold at a profit.

  9. SWOT Analysis on Modern Agriculture Characteristic Competitive Industry of the Economic Zone Along the Yellow River%宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜国华

    2011-01-01

    The development of the modern agricultural industry is critical for the improvement of the comprehensive production capacity of agriculture. In the past few years, the agricultural structure has been optimized along the way, and the regional characteristics takes into initial shape, which accelerating the pace of modern agriculture characteristic competitive industry' s construction. By stating the resource endowment of the agriculture characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River, this paper based on the current situation, takes SWOT analysis to evaluate its strengths, the weaknesses, the opportunities and the threats, and provides a development strategy as the theory evidence for the agricultural characteristic competitive industry of the economic zone along the Yellow River.%为研究宁夏沿黄经济区农业结构,发展区域特色农业,优化现代农业产业体系,论述了宁夏沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业资源,用SWOT分析方法对其优势、劣势、机遇和挑战进行分析,并在此基础上提出发展思路.可为沿黄经济区农业特色优势产业发展研究提供参考.

  10. National symposium: nuclear technique in industry, medicine, agriculture and environment protection. Abstracts of papers; Krajowe sympozjum: technika jadrowa w przemysle, medycynie, rolnictwie i ochronie srodowiska. Streszczenia referatow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The National Symposium `Nuclear Techniques in Industry, Medicine, Agriculture and Environment Protection` has been held in Rynia near Warsaw from 24 to 27 April 1995. Totally 94 lectures have been presented. The actual state of art in Polish investigations have been shown in all branches of applied nuclear sciences. The plenary session devoted to general topics has began the symposium. Further conference has been divided into 18 subject sessions. There were: (1) radiation technologies in environment protection; (2) radiation technologies in materials engineering; (3) radiation preservation in food; (4) radiation techniques for medical use; (5) radiotracers in industrial investigations; (6) radiotracers in water and sewage management and leak control; (7) tracers in hydrology; (8) radiotracers in materials testing; (9) instruments for environment protection, (10) radiometric industrial gages; (11) diagnostic and testing instruments; (12) application of nuclear techniques in materials testing; (13) applications of nuclear techniques in geology and hydrogeology; (14) radioanalytical methods; (15) radiation detectors; (16) radiation measurements; (17) data processing from radiometric experiments; (18) accelerators, isotopes manufacturing, INIS.

  11. Agriculture biotechnology report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-31

    This report provides the basis for an overall agriculture biotechnology strategy for Saskatchewan, encompassing all aspects of the biotechnology sector and supporting institutions. It presents results of a survey of over 70 industry and public sector leaders in agriculture biotechnology in order to assist Saskatchewan Agriculture & Food in defining its role and involvement in the agriculture biotechnology industry. Issues examined include: Goals for the agriculture biotechnology industry; research and development; technology transfer and commercialisation; infrastructure and services; human resources; legislation and policy; funding; future core areas of research and development; and the role of government in developing the industry. The report concludes with lists of recommendations. The supplement lists the survey questions and responses.

  12. Insight into the applications of palm oil mill effluent: A renewable utilization of the industrial agricultural waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Foo, K.Y.; Hameed, B.H. [School of Chemical Engineering, Engineering Campus, University of Science Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang (Malaysia)

    2010-06-15

    Water scarcity and pollution rank equal to climate change as the most intricate environmental turmoil for the 21st century. Today, the percolation of palm oil mill effluents into the waterways and ecosystems, remain a fastidious concern towards the public health and food chain interference. With the innovation of palm oil residue into a high valuable end commodity, there has been a steadily growing interest in this research field. Confirming the assertion, this paper presents a state of art review of palm oil mill effluent industry, its fundamental characteristics and environmental implications. Moreover, the key advance of its implementations, major challenges together with the future expectation are summarized and discussed. Conclusively, the expanding of palm oil mill effluent in numerous field of application represents a plausible and powerful circumstance, for accruing the worldwide environmental benefit and shaping the national economy. (author)

  13. Characterization of natural fiber from agricultural-industrial residues; Caracterizacao de fibras naturais provenientes de residuos agroindustriais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prado, Karen S.; Spinace, Marcia A.S., E-mail: marcia.spinace@ufabc.edu.br [Centro de Ciencias Naturais e Humanas, CCNH, Universidade Federal do ABC - UFABC, Campus de Santo Andre, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Natural fibers show great potential for application in polymer composites. However, instead of the production of inputs for this purpose, an alternative that can also minimize solid waste generation is the use of agro-industrial waste for this purpose, such as waste-fiber textiles, rice husks residues and pineapple crowns. In this work the characterization of these three residues and evaluate their properties in order to direct the application of polymer composites. Was analyzed the moisture, density, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis of the fibers. The results show that the use of these wastes is feasible both from an environmental standpoint and because its properties suitable for this application. (author)

  14. NEEM: UNUSUALLY VERSATILE PLANT GENUS AZADIRACHTA WITH MANY USEFUL AND SO FAR INSUFFICIENTLY EXPLOITED PROPERTIES FOR AGRICULTURE, MEDICINE, AND INDUSTRY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummel, H E; Langner, S S; Leithold, G; Schmutterer, H

    2014-01-01

    Neem plants (Rutales: Meliaceae) are well known for their multitude of human benefits in various fields. Specifically well investigated are the Indian neem tree Azadirachta indica A. Juss., the Thai neem A. siamensis Val., the originally Malaysian/Philippinean neem A. excelsa (Jack) and, as a close relative, the Persian lilac, Melia azedarach. The major and most active natural products are azadirachtin, salannin, nimbin and marrangin from Azadirachta species, and azadirachtin analogues like meliantriol from Melia species. Neem fruits, leaves, bark, and roots have specific virtues. They have been traditionally exploited for a considerable part of human history and are documented in Sanskrit texts. Due to human activity in trade and travel both at land and sea, the plant species has been distributed around the globe and is cultivated in many tropical, and subtropical regions. A multitude of natural products of neem have been isolated, chemically characterized or identified, and investigated for their properties in the management of insects, Acarina, Crustacea, nematodes, bacteria, fungi, viruses and soil fertility (for reviews see Kraus, 2002; Schmutterer, 2002A; Rembold, 2002; Koul, 2004; Schmutterer and Huber, 2005; Kleeberg and Strang, 2009; Hummel et al., 2008, 2011, 2012). Neem products are virtually nontoxic, compatible with beneficial insects, pollinators and bees. They are environmentally benign, sustainable, renewable, and of a price affordable for developed countries. In conclusion, neem is a prime example of a natural resource with many beneficial applications in agriculture, human and veterinary medicine. So far, its use is practically free of resistance problems which are frustratingly prevalent in many areas of synthetic insecticide and drug development. Investigating more neem applications will increase future human welfare and health while being of general ecological benefit to the planet. PMID:26084100

  15. NEEM: UNUSUALLY VERSATILE PLANT GENUS AZADIRACHTA WITH MANY USEFUL AND SO FAR INSUFFICIENTLY EXPLOITED PROPERTIES FOR AGRICULTURE, MEDICINE, AND INDUSTRY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummel, H E; Langner, S S; Leithold, G; Schmutterer, H

    2014-01-01

    Neem plants (Rutales: Meliaceae) are well known for their multitude of human benefits in various fields. Specifically well investigated are the Indian neem tree Azadirachta indica A. Juss., the Thai neem A. siamensis Val., the originally Malaysian/Philippinean neem A. excelsa (Jack) and, as a close relative, the Persian lilac, Melia azedarach. The major and most active natural products are azadirachtin, salannin, nimbin and marrangin from Azadirachta species, and azadirachtin analogues like meliantriol from Melia species. Neem fruits, leaves, bark, and roots have specific virtues. They have been traditionally exploited for a considerable part of human history and are documented in Sanskrit texts. Due to human activity in trade and travel both at land and sea, the plant species has been distributed around the globe and is cultivated in many tropical, and subtropical regions. A multitude of natural products of neem have been isolated, chemically characterized or identified, and investigated for their properties in the management of insects, Acarina, Crustacea, nematodes, bacteria, fungi, viruses and soil fertility (for reviews see Kraus, 2002; Schmutterer, 2002A; Rembold, 2002; Koul, 2004; Schmutterer and Huber, 2005; Kleeberg and Strang, 2009; Hummel et al., 2008, 2011, 2012). Neem products are virtually nontoxic, compatible with beneficial insects, pollinators and bees. They are environmentally benign, sustainable, renewable, and of a price affordable for developed countries. In conclusion, neem is a prime example of a natural resource with many beneficial applications in agriculture, human and veterinary medicine. So far, its use is practically free of resistance problems which are frustratingly prevalent in many areas of synthetic insecticide and drug development. Investigating more neem applications will increase future human welfare and health while being of general ecological benefit to the planet.

  16. A multibiomarker evaluation of urban, industrial, and agricultural exposure of small characins in a large freshwater basin in southern Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freire, Carolina A; Souza-Bastos, Luciana R; Chiesse, Juliana; Tincani, Flávio H; Piancini, Laercio D S; Randi, Marco A F; Prodocimo, Viviane; Cestari, Marta M; Silva-de-Assis, Helena C; Abilhoa, Vinícius; Vitule, Jean R S; Bastos, Leonardo P; de Oliveira-Ribeiro, Ciro A

    2015-09-01

    Iguaçu River is the second most polluted river of Brazil. It receives agrochemicals and contaminants of urban and industrial sources along its course. A multibiomarker approach was employed here to evaluate the health of a small characin (Astyanax spp.) at two sites along the river, sampled during a dry (autumn) and a rainy (spring) season. Biomarkers were condition factor and somatic indices (gonads and liver); genetic damage (comet assay and micronucleus test); enzyme activities such as hepatic catalase (CAT) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), lipoperoxidation (LPO), branchial and renal carbonic anhydrase (CA), acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the muscle and the brain, histopathology of the liver and gills, and concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in bile. There were no consistent differences in biomarker responses between the two study sites. Some biomarkers revealed greater potential impact in the rainy season, when increased amounts of contaminants are washed into the river (combined CAT inhibition and LPO increase, CA upregulation). Other biomarkers, however, revealed potential greater impact in the dry season, when contaminants potentially concentrate (GST induction, AChE inhibition, and liver histopathological alterations). Although of a complex nature, field experiments such as this provide rich data for monitoring protocols and assessment of general risk of exposure to pollutants of river systems. PMID:25940483

  17. Colorimetric polymer-metal nanocomposite sensor of ammonia for the agricultural industry of confined animal feeding operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkisov, Sergey S.; Czarick, Michael; Fairchild, Brian D.; Liang, Yi; Kukhtareva, Tatiana; Curley, Michael J.

    2014-02-01

    The proposed colorimetric sensor of ammonia for the confined animal feeding industry uses the method of optoelectronic spectroscopic measurement of the reversible change of the color of a nanocomposite reagent film in response to ammonia. The film is made of a gold nanocolloid in a polymer matrix with an ammonia-sensitive indicator dye additive. The response of the indicator dye (increase of the optical absorption between 550 and 650 nm) is enhanced by the nanoparticles (˜8 nm in size) in two ways: (a) concentration of the optical field near the nanoparticle due to the plasmon resonance and (b) catalytic acceleration of the chemical reaction of deprotonization of the indicator dye in the presence of ammonia and water vapor. This enhancement helps to miniaturize the sensing element without compromising its sensitivity of <1 parts per million (ppm) for the range 0 to 100 ppm. The sensor underwent field tests in commercial poultry farms in Georgia and Arkansas and was compared against a scientific-grade photoacoustic gas analyzer. The coefficient of correlation between the sensor and the photoacoustic data for several weeks of continuous side-by-side operation in a commercial poultry house was ˜0.9 and the linear regression slope was 1.0. The conclusions on the necessary improvements were made.

  18. Physico-chemical characteristics of topsoil for contrasted forest, agricultural, urban and industrial land uses in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joimel, S; Cortet, J; Jolivet, C C; Saby, N P A; Chenot, E D; Branchu, P; Consalès, J N; Lefort, C; Morel, J L; Schwartz, C

    2016-03-01

    Soil quality is related to soil characteristics such as fertility and contamination. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of land use on these soil characteristics and to confirm the following anthropisation gradient: (i) forest, (ii) grassland, (iii) cultivated, (iv) orchard and vineyard, (v) urban vegetable garden, and (vi) SUITMA (urban, industrial, traffic, mining and military areas). A database comprising the characteristics of 2451 soils has been constituted. In order to compare the topsoils from six contrasting land uses, a principal components analysis (PCA) was performed on nine geochemical variables (C, N, pH, POlsen, total Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, Zn). The first axis of the PCA is interpreted as a global increase of topsoil metallic elements along the anthropisation gradient. Axis 2 reflects the variability of fertility levels. Human activity increases the pressure on soils along the proposed gradient according to six different distribution patterns. This better knowledge of topsoil quality and its dependence on current land use should therefore help to manage and preserve the soil mantle. PMID:26745291

  19. Impact of Financial Crisis on China's Agricultural Industrial Structure and Adjustment Strategy%金融危机对中国农业产业结构的影响及调整方略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟怀宇

    2009-01-01

    in the adjustment of Chinese agricultural structure, the trend of agricultural industrialization and modern agriculture industry system has become increasingly apparent. But this change is still considerable vulnerability. The conduction spreading of international financial crisis in the global is making conditions of our agricultural structure adjustment changed. The driving force of our agricultural structure adjustment is failing, the pressure of products varieties is increasing, rural financial credit input has more difficult, and so on. Under the background of international financial crisis, Chinese agriculture structure adjustment strategy should focus on agricultural industrialization and modernization of the industrial system with future trends, such as strengthening macro-control, steadying supply and price of agricultural products, increasing adaptability of agricultural structure. These measures should ensure the competitiveness of Chinese agricultural industry.%在我国农村产业结构的调整中,农业产业化发展趋势和现代农业产业体系形成趋势日益明显.但这种变革仍然具有相当的脆弱性,国际金融危机在全球范围的传导蔓延,又使我国农业产业结构调整的条件发生了改变,出现了农业产业结构调整的驱动力衰竭、产品品种转换压力加大、农村信贷投入面临更大困难等问题.本文认为,在国际金融危机背景下,农业产业结构的调整方略,必须着眼于农业产业化和产业体系现代化的趋势与未来,采取加强宏观调控,稳定农产品供给和价格,进行适应性的结构调整等措施,从而保证我国农业产业发展的竞争力不仅不能被削弱,反而应该通过农业产业结构的调整,得到进一步与持续的增强.

  20. 云南省生物农业产业发展的SWOT分析与对策%SWOT Analysis and Countermeasures for the Development of the Biological Agriculture Industry in Yunnan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩本勇; 胡学礼; 程达

    2011-01-01

    在对云南省生物农业产业发展进行优势、劣势、机遇与威胁分析的基础上,提出云南生物农业产业可持续发展的策略:加强宏观协调指导,制定生物农业产业化发展规划;强化科技创新,建立跨越式发展的科技支撑体系;推进生物农业产业链发展,建立生物农业产业孵化基地:实施人才发展战略,营造吸引人才集聚的政策环境;加大财政支持力度,建立促进生物农业发展的投融资机制.%Based on the analysis of advantages, disadvantages, opportunities and threat of bio-agriculture industry development in Yunnan, and the corresponding countermeasures for the sustainable development of the Yunnan' s bio-agriculture industry are put forward, including enhance macro-coordination guidance, formulate bio-agriculture industry development plan; strengthen technological innovation, set up science and technology support system of great-leap-forward development; boost bio-agriculture industry chain development, build bio-agriculture enterprise incubation bases; implement talents development strategy, build policy environment to attract talents converging; increase financial support, build investing and financing mechanism to promote bio-agriculture industry development.

  1. A Study on Non-agricultural Industry in the Beautiful Countryside Construction Background%美丽乡村建设背景下的非农产业研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马聪; 张臻

    2014-01-01

    非农产业是当前乡村产业的重要组成部分,其对于促进乡村经济发展、解决农民就业和促进农民增收具有重要意义。乡村非农产业发展中的工业实力偏弱、第三产业发展滞后、区域不平衡等问题亟待解决。乡村非农产业发展中多种作用力的契合十分重要。%The non-agricultural industry is an important part of the rural industrial structure , which has important significance to pro-mote rural economic development , to solve the employment of farmers and to promote the increase of farmers'income.But some prob-lems of rural non-agricultural industry development also occurred and must be resolved , such as, the third industry lags behind , in-dustrial strength is weak and regional development is imbalanced .We must strengthen the organic combination of various forces in the development of rural non -agricultural industries .

  2. 以生物能源产业重新振兴中国生态农业%Revitalizing Chinese eco-agriculture through bioenergy industrial development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程序

    2013-01-01

    “中国生态农业”在国内外都是最早提出并实践循环经济原理的,在生态工程的设计和应用上有很多创造.但随着农村经营方式的演变,中国生态农业模式当今已显现出若干严重不适应之处.核心问题是,经济活力严重不足,一直未能及时形成一批对农村经济能起到重大作用的支柱型生态产业.本文用以生物能源为基础的生态产业的若干案例说明,作为可再生能源、特别是惟一能提供最稀缺液体燃料的生物能源,市场潜力无限,为生态农业的高经济效益提供了根本性的保障.中国生物能源产业不仅有助于国家的能源安全,还能够确实性地实现大规模的物质循环利用和能量多层次利用,真正发挥出生物质经济在缓解我国土地、矿产和化石能源等方面存在的对农业和其他经济部门的巨大制约的重大作用,社会效益巨大.现代生物能源产业的出现和崛起,为生态与经济“联姻”和环保产业化的“两难”难题的破解,以及重振中国生态农业,都提供了难得的机遇.%Chinese eco-agriculture (CEA) was the first to implement "recycle economy" in the world. It developed designs and applications of eco-engineering. However, due to drastic changes in the organization of agricultural operations, CEA model transmission fell short of expectations. The main shortcoming was the lack of economic vitality due to long-term absence of strong ecological industries that contributed to rural economy and environment. Through case studies, this paper illustrated that as a renewable energy and liquid fuel resource, bioenergy provided basic support for high economic benefits in eco-agriculture in even unlimited market potentials. In China, bioenergy industry not only contributed to national energy security, but also realized material recycling and multi-utilization of biomass. Biomass economy was important for removing restriction of arable land, mineral and

  3. The genetic manipulation of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the aim of converting polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste to single-cell protein and fuel ethanol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. S. Pretorius

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available The world’s problem with overpopulation and environmental pollution has created an urgent demand for alternative protein and energy sources. One way of addressing these burning issues is to produce single-cell protein (for food and animal feed supplements and fuel ethanol from polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste by using baker’s yeast.

  4. The genetic manipulation of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the aim of converting polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste to single-cell protein and fuel ethanol

    OpenAIRE

    Pretorius, I S

    1994-01-01

    The world’s problem with overpopulation and environmental pollution has created an urgent demand for alternative protein and energy sources. One way of addressing these burning issues is to produce single-cell protein (for food and animal feed supplements) and fuel ethanol from polysaccharide-rich agricultural crops and industrial waste by using baker’s yeast.

  5. The comparison and choice of the industrial chain integration model of China’s agriculture%我国农业产业链整合模式的比较与选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    成德宁

    2012-01-01

    Under the dual system of urban-rural division,China ’ s urban and rural industries are self-contained and developing in closed model.Agricultural industry chain is also divided into different areas and departments,it cannot be integrated into a complete industrial chain.Integrating the agricultural industrial chain so as to promote comparative benefit in agriculture and market position of farmers,and let farmers share profits brought by non-agricultural links including the processing and marketing of agricultural products,which becomes the top priority for the agricultural development in China.This paper analyzes and compares the advantages and disadvantages for the models of current agriculture industry chain integration,which include the model of trade in the bazaar directly,the model of specialized wholesale market transaction,the model of farmers cooperative organization and the model of" corporation and farmer".On the basis of household contract management,this paper proposes choosing the agricultural industry chain model of farmer cooperative organization as the main pattern of agricultural industry chain in the future, making farmers enable to establish various cooperative organization based on their voluntary mutual assistance.Thus farmer ’ s industrial chain can be extended to non-agricultural links including the pre-production and post-production of agricultural products,farmers can share the profit brought by non-agricultural links,and improve their position in market competition.%在城乡分割的体制下,我国城乡产业自成一体,封闭发展,农业产业链也被分割在不同地区和部门,无法整合成一条完整的产业链。整合农业产业链,提高农业的比较效益和农民的市场地位,使农民能够分享农产品加工和销售等非农产业环节的收益,已经成为我国农业发展的当务之急。本文分析和比较了我国当前农业产业链整合中存在的集贸市场直接交易型、专业

  6. Study on Green Integrated Agricultural,Industrial and Commercial Enterprise Logistics System%农工贸一体化企业绿色物流体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吉鸿荣

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the characteristics of logistics management of integrated agricultural, industrial and commercial (AIC) enterprises and the development status quo of green logistics, the paper establishes a green integrated agricultural, industrial and commercial enterprise logistics system in the case of a certain Beijing agricultural enterprise and proposes development strategies including resource integration, green packaging, storage, transportation and information management, etc.%从农工贸一体化企业物流管理特点和绿色物流发展现状人手,结合北京某农企的案例,构建农工贸一体化企业绿色物流体系,提出确立绿色物流战略、集约资源、绿色包装、绿色储运以及绿色信息管理等农工贸一体化企业绿色物流发展策略.

  7. Biosurfactants in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Sachdev, Dhara P.; Cameotra, Swaranjit S.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and ...

  8. Agricultural problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although there were not reasons to deplore against major activity release from any of the 110 industrial reactors authorized to operate in US, the nuclear incident that occurred at the Three Mile Island Plant in 1979 urged the public conscience toward the necessity of readiness to cope with events of this type. The personnel of the Emergency Planning Office functioning in the frame of US Department of Agriculture has already participated in around 600 intervention drillings on a federal, local or state scale to plan, test or asses radiological emergency plans or to intervene locally. These exercises allowed acquiring a significant experience in elaborating emergency plans, planning the drillings, working out scenarios and evaluation of the potential impact of accidents from the agricultural point of view. We have also taken part in different international drillings among which the most recent are INEX 1 and RADEX 94. We have found on these occasions that the agricultural problems are essential preoccupations in most of the cases no matter if the context is international, national, local or of state level. The paper poses problems specifically related to milk, fruits and vegetables, soils, meat and meat products. Finally the paper discusses issues like drilling planning, alarm and notification, sampling strategy, access authorizations for farmers, removing of contamination wastes. A number of social, political and economical relating problems are also mentioned

  9. Differentiation of the Rural Households Based on the Perspective of Agricultural Industrialization Behavior——A Case Study of 102 Households in Yanling County, Henan Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Based on the analysis of fieldwork data collected by us from 102 households in the villages of Yaojia, Jizhuang and Wuzi, we analyze the phenomenon of differentiation behaviors of households who own different kinds of resources under the background of agricultural industrialization. The focus of this paper is to probe into characteristics of the physical contact space, information contract space between different rural households such as farmers, brokers and entrepreneurs. Then, we focus on the driving forces behind the household differentiation process. Several conclusions can be drawn from this analysis. Firstly, the geographical domain increases as the households evolutes from farmers to entrepreneurs, and the farmers’ physical contract space is larger than the information contract space while that of brokers and entrepreneurs equals. Secondly, there is a certain pattern existing in the evolution: based on the self-techniques, farmers evolutes to flower workers, and to brokers when the capital, social network and self-ability is sufficient. As a result of appropriate policy, opportunity of building business and the risk appetite characteristics, entrepreneurs may differentiate from the brokers.

  10. 芜湖市农业龙头企业经济运行情况分析%On Economic Operation of Agriculturally Industrialized Bibcock Enterprises in Wuhu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王超

    2011-01-01

    In recent years,agricultural industrialization in Wuhu has developed in a full swing with prominent effects,and contributed to better local economic development.Due to global financial storm,exportation of many enterprises has been reduced.Such problems as price waving,operation risk increase,lack of investment and scale shrinking are what corporations have to face.Hence,relevant departments are responsible for supporting business development by means of financial and technological measures.%近几年芜湖市农业产业化发展速度快、势头强、成效显著,总体运行质量良好,为芜湖市经济又好又快发展作出了重要贡献。但受全球金融风暴影响,企业产品出口创汇受挫,企业面临着价格波动、经营风险加大、资金紧张以及规模偏小等问题。所以,有关部门应加大培育力度,通过金融、技术等方面予以支持,促进芜湖农业经济又好又快发展。

  11. The Benefit of the Principal Part on the Context of Agricultural Industrial Chain with New Characteristics: Dairy and Seed Industry%农业产业链新特征背景的主体利益:奶业与种业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海清; 王子军

    2012-01-01

    The development trend of modem agriculture is to form an integrated industry chain from food source to table, meanwhile to control benefit,output and safety of the whole chain. Based on the theories of value-chain, industry-chain and governance structure, the authors analyze China/s dairy and seed industry, finds that generally the agricultural industry chain in China is an inverted partial "U" shape. Though in the agricultural industry chain, the household is the source, but it is also the weakest part on the hierarchy of power and obtains the least value in the industry chain profit. But compared with the small households, big agro-businesses have advantage in agricultural industry chain governance. Therefore, to form a harmonious environment for agricultural industry chain, to control the quality and ensure the safety of agricultural products from the source, the authors propose that take large-scale agricultural processing and marketing enterprises as central, coordinate interest relationships of different parts in agricultural industry chain. The most important thing is to ensure the sources' interests, which are the small households' interests.%现代农业的发展趋势是打造从源头到餐桌的全产业链,全程控制链的效益、产出和安全性。这里借助产业链、价值链及其治理理论,以我国奶业和种业产业链为研究案例,论证我国农业产业链一般呈倒偏“U”型;尽管农户是农业产业链的源头,但农户也是产业链上权力等级最弱和价值获得最少的利益主体;大型农产品企业在各自产业链上具有治理能力。为营造和谐农业产业链,从源头上控制农产品质量安全、提高农民收入,应以大型农业加工销售企业为核心协调产业链上各主体间利益关系。重要的是保证农业产业链源头——农民的利益。

  12. 基于钻石模型的湖南省农业产业集群分析%Analysis of Agricultural Industry Cluster in Hunan Province by Diamond Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭菁; 胡麦秀

    2011-01-01

    基于波特的钻石模型,从生产要素,需求状况,相关与辅助产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争等4个关键因素,及机会和政府行为2个辅助因素,对湖南省农业产业集群的现状进行了简述和相关分析,提出在当前大力推进现代化农业建设的背景下,湖南应大力发展农业产业集群,促进现代农业建设.%Based on Michael Porter's Diamond Model, the status quo of agricultural industry cluster in Hunan Province was reviewed and analyzed from four key factors (production factors, demand status, related and assistant industry,strategy and structure of enterprise and horizontal competition) and two assistant factors (opportunity and government behavior).It proposed that under the background of vigorously promoting modem agricultural construction at present,Hunan should greatly develop agricultural industry cluster and promote modem agricultural construction.

  13. Construction on Agricultural Science and Technology Service System in the Trend of Industrial Integration Development%产业融合趋势下北京农业科技服务体系建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈俊红; 尹光红

    2014-01-01

    研究产业融合趋势下农业科技服务体系建设路径,对落实服务业引领现代农业发展战略,提高农业现代化水平和综合生产能力具有重要意义。调查研究结果显示,北京农业科技服务体系网络比较健全,但在体系管理、服务主体协同创新、基础设施建设等方面有不足,根据现代农业融合发展需要,应从加强组织领导、统筹协作、机制创新入手,建设公益性服务与经营性服务有机结合的新型农业科技服务体系。%Researching on the construction of agricultural science and technology service system under the trend of industri-al integration,implementing the service industry to lead the development of modern agriculture strategy,and improving the level of agricultural modernization and the comprehensive production capacity have the important meaning. Research shows, Beijing agricultural science and technology service system in the network is perfect,but in the management system,the main service collaborative innovation,infrastructure construction and other aspects are still insufficient. Facing the integra-tion development trend of the modern agriculture,efforts should be made to strengthen the organization and leadership,o-verall coordination,mechanism innovation system,new agricultural science and technology service system combined with services of public welfare service and market construction.

  14. 营养·健康·安全农产品产业前瞻%Future Prospects of Agricultural Products Industry with Nutrition, Health and Safety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈荧荧; 何慕怡; 何美婷; 钟艳莉; 赖妙虹; 李育军

    2014-01-01

    In current society, under nutrition and over nutrition are prevalent, which not only reflect the waste of nutrient composition, but also show that poor eating habits have a negative impact on human health. In the paper, we firstly propose an agricultural products industry with nutrition, health and safety and its development goals, and then introduce the definition, theoretical basis and purpose of nutritional recipes for different populations, to guide living people having reasonable diets to meet their own needs in nutrients, thus make the users having good nutrition and balanced diets and make cooking convenient as well. In addition, we present new ideas of nutrition improvement and innovative methods on marketing strategy of nutritional, healthy and safe agricultural products in detail.%当前社会生活中,人们通过饮食所摄取的营养成分普遍存在过剩或者不足的营养失衡问题,这种现象既反映出营养成分的浪费,又表明不良的饮食习惯会对人体健康带来负面影响,因而,提出了一种营养健康安全农产品产业及其发展目标,介绍了营养配餐的定义、理论依据和意义,指导现代人在生活繁忙之中合理进行饮食搭配以符合自身营养素的需要,从而达成调整用户达到营养平衡的膳食结构以及方便其烹饪的目的,然后进一步阐述了营养提高新思路、创新此种农产品营销方式等,以供参考。

  15. 论农产品加工业对县域经济的促进作用%Promoting Effect of Agricultural Products Processing Industry to County-level Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮业林

    2012-01-01

    分析了湖南省农产品加工业的发展现状,指出了湖南省农产品加工业发展中存在的问题,阐述了农产品加工业具有壮大县域工业经济、增加县级财政收入、转移农村劳动力和提供就业岗位、增加农民收入等作用,并从原料基地建设、加工产能布局、技术创新提升、发展现代物流4个方面提出了依托农产品加工业促进县域经济发展的对策.%At first, the developmental status quo of agricultural products processing industry in Hunan province was introduced. Then, the problems which existed in the development of agricultural products processing industry in Hunan province were pointed out. Meanwhile, the effects of agricultural products processing industry, such as expanding industrial economy at county-level, increasing financial revenue at county-level, transferring rural labor force, providing employment opportunities, and enhancing fanners' income, were elaborated. In the end, some strategies for promoting development of county-level economy based on agricultural products processing industry were proposed from four aspects, which are construction of raw material base, arrangement of processing productivity, improvement and innovation of technology, and development of modern logistics.

  16. 广东与越南农业产业合作研究%A Cooperation Study on Agricultural Industry between Guangdong and Vietnam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄霓

    2011-01-01

    经济发展水平以及自然资源禀赋的差异,使广东与越南之间的农业经济结构存在较为明显的互补性,产业合作和投资开发的潜力较大。广东与越南在以往的农林渔业合作方面虽已有一些基础,但比重不大,规模也较小。近年来,越南政府特别鼓励外资进入农林渔项目,制定了许多优惠政策,投资环境也日益优化。广东农业企业可以充分利用这个良好时机前往越南发展,加大投资和开发力度,利用我方资金技术优势和生产经营经验结合越南当地资源和劳动力优势在更大的范围内进行产业合作,尤其向高科技现代农林渔业及其产品加工业等领域扩展以延长产业链。通过加强产业%The agricultural economy structures of Guangdong and Vietnam are obviously complementary because of the discrepancies of economic development as well as natural conditions. This gives a great potential to the industrial cooperation and the investment deve

  17. Evaluation of cluster development level of agriculture products processing industrial park%农产品加工产业园区聚集水平的发展评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧媛; 郭雪霞; 刘瑜; 冉国伟; 王国扣; 王海

    2016-01-01

    for agro-processing industrial parks in China. It finds that regions with high level of clustering are more privileged in terms of industrial resources or labor resources, more committed to investing in science, technology and technical innovation, and more capable in management and resource integration. Besides, they can properly extend the industrial chain to attract large-scale or leading companies, create favorable conditions for production and financing, and offer convenient services in transportation, technology and information. With reduced transaction cost and better productivity, the companies in the industrial parks can increase main business income and profits. The study notes that development of clustering in industrial parks will need to be put into the context of national fundamentals, tap the potential of local advantages, and be aligned with development of agro-processing industry. Efforts are needed to develop master plan for agro-processing parks, set up and enforce industrial standard, squarely implement preferential policies on taxation, water and power, provide more support in financing, commit to technology development and technical innovation, cultivate brand for leading companies, and set up role models to showcase good practices, in order to facilitate cluster-based development. Government shall create platform for services and regulation, focusing on early warning and surveillance. Several policy recommendations are put forward in the study as follows:advocate differentiated pattern of development (agricultural science and technology, agro-tourism, experience and sightseeing, etc), explore multiple functions of industrial parks, create new sources of employment and income for farmers, promote integration of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and boost innovative, balanced, green, open and shared development of the industry. The study provides reference for peer agencies, public organizations, companies and relevant researchers

  18. 7 CFR 1260.125 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1260.125 Industry information. Industry information means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets, marketing strategies, increased... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  19. 7 CFR 1220.112 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the soybean industry, and activities to... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.112 Industry information....

  20. 基于"钻石模型"的初级农业产业集群分析%The Industrial Cluster of the Primary Agriculture Based on “Diamond Model”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵天鹏; 刘相兵

    2011-01-01

    将集群划分为初级集群与高级集群,运用迈克尔·波特的"钻石模型",从生产要素,需求条件,相关产业和支持产业,企业战略、结构和同业竞争,机会和政府5个方面,探讨了初级农业产业集群的现状及问题.最后提出相应的建议来促进初级农业产业集群的发展壮大:加强农民培训,引进先进科研成果;完善基础设施建设,创建品牌,拓宽筹资渠道;大力发展相关产业和支持产业:健全土地流转制度,提高组织化程度,培育龙头企业;加大政府对集群的扶持力度.%The status quo and problems of industrial cluster of the primary agriculture is disused by dividing the cluster into primary cluster and advanced cluster and by using Michael Porter' s Diamond Model from the five aspects of production factors, demand factors, relevant industry and supporting industry, the strategy and structure of enterprises and horizontal competition and opportunities and government. In the end, the countermeasures on promoting the development and expansion of industrial cluster of primary agriculture are put forward. Firstly, intensifying the training on farmers and introduce into advanced science and technology results; secondly, perfecting the construction of infrastructure, creating famous brand and widening the channels for funding; thirdly, strengthening the development of relevant industries and supporting industries; fourthly, perfecting land transfer system; improving the degree of systematization and cultivating pillar industries; fifthly,intensifying the government' support on industrial cluster.

  1. 76 FR 37312 - Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-27

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee... Agriculture (USDA) Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee and a Request for Nominations. SUMMARY: The USDA intends to reestablish the Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee (Committee)....

  2. Campaign Contributions and Agricultural Subsidies

    OpenAIRE

    Rigoberto A. Lopez

    2001-01-01

    This article examines the influence of campaign contributions on agricultural subsidies. Empirical results revealed that rent seeking works, i.e., campaign contributions of agricultural-related industries influence agricultural subsidies in the manner they best serve contributors' economic interests. Eliminating campaign contributions would significantly decrease agricultural subsidies, hurt farm groups, benefit consumers and taxpayers, and increase social welfare by approximately $5.5 billio...

  3. Effect of media promotion on industrialized transformation of agricultural scientific and technological achievements——Case study in Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences%媒体宣传在农业科技成果转化中的推动作用分析——以广西农业科学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓立国; 李杨瑞; 陆建勋; 林贵美; 张进忠; 莫彬

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探讨媒体宣传在农业科技成果转化中的作用,为制定科技成果转化方案提供参考.[方法]从微观角度分析媒体宣传对香蕉组培苗推广、甘蔗新品种和新技术的成果转化及南方葡萄一年两收栽培技术推广的影响.[结果]在现有条件的基础上,加强利用媒体宣传,可以充分发挥新闻媒体覆盖面广、传播速度快的特点,普及农业科技知识,提高农民科技文化素质,从而加快农业科技成果转化速度.[建议]科技宣传应以事实为基础,坚持报道的科学性,维护媒体公信力;科技新闻报道应做到通俗易懂,让农民易于接受;科技新闻应具有时效性,对最新的科技成果应及时进行报道,以体现科技成果的价值.%[Objective]The present paper was an attempt to analyze the effect of media promotion on industrialized transformation of agricultural scientific and technological achievements in order to provide references for preparing programs for industrialized transformation of agricultural scientific and technological achievements. [ Method ]The effect of media promotion on industrialized transformation of agricultural scientific and technological achievements was discussed through analyzing the effects of media promotion on the industrialized extensions of tissue culture derived banana plants, new sugarcane varieties and cultivation technologies, and one-year-two-harvest cultivation technology for grape in Guangxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences. [ Result ]The media in promotion of agricultural scientific and technological achievements was found to have the characteristics of wide coverage and fast propagation speed. Therefore, utilization of media to promote the agricultural scientific and technological achievements could improve the fanners' knowledge about agricultural science and technology and accelerate the industrialized transformation of agricultural scientific and technological achievements. [ Suggestion

  4. Structural Adjustment of Oasis Agriculture in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lei Jun; Zhang Xiaolei

    2005-01-01

    Xinjiang's oasis agriculture has made enormous strides over past decades. Structural adjustment of oasis agriculture sector has promoted production diversification. Xinjiang's oasis agriculture sector is entering a new era. The era means more adjustments in oasis agricultural and rural economic structure so as to realize the sustainable development of agriculture. By summing and analyzing the main problems in Xinjinag's oasis agricultural structure,such as raising farmer's income, industry structure within agriculture, rural urbanization, pressure coming from market, agricultural environment degradation,puts forward the thinking, director and countermeasures to adjust oasis agricultural structure.

  5. Security Guarantee of Agriculture Industry Based on the Improvement of Cooperative Legal Institution%基于完善农民专业合作社法律制度的农业产业安全保障

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜文骄; 任大鹏

    2011-01-01

    对我国当前几种农业经营模式对产业安全的影响进行了分析,重点介绍了农民专业合作社在保障农业产业安全中的作用,主要有:组织化程度提高对产业安全的促进作用;通过合作社组织形成规模经济对产业安全的推动作用;合作社要素配置能力可以实现资源的充分利用;通过合作社完善产业链条从而保障产业安全.分析了目前我国农民专业合作社的发展困境:组织规模小、经济效益不高、组织运行不规范,表明制度缺失是造成困境的主要原因,提出了完善中关于联合社制度的建议,以期更好地保障农业产业安全.%Current status of several management models of the agriculture industry is introduced, as well as its impacts on industrial security. The management models are mainly the enterprise - like operation model, "enterprise + peasant household" model, small-scale peasants' operation model, and peasant specialized cooperative model. Functions of peasant specialized cooperative in ensuring the security of agriculture industry are introduced, which are enhancing the industrial security by organization degree, promoting the industrial security by scale economy formed by cooperative organizations, fully utilizing the resources by the factor allocation capability, and ensuring the industrial security by industrial chain improvement. Development predicaments of the peasant specialized cooperative at present are analyzed, such as small scale, poor economic benefits, and non-standard operation. Analysis shows that institutional absence is the main reason causing these predicaments. And suggestions on improving the cooperatives system in the law of the People's Republic of China on Peasants Specialized Cooperatives are put forward, in order to better ensure the security of agriculture industry

  6. Theme: Teaching the Science of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutphin, Dean; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Discusses bridging the gap between agricultural and science education; involving the science department in animal science classes; working with industry to improve educational programs; integrating science and agriculture; improving scientific literacy through an agriscience curriculum; and industry's role in developing science-based agriculture.…

  7. 基于钻石模型的皖北农业集群式发展研究%Development of Agriculture Industry Cluster Based on the Diamond Model in the North of Anhui Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩玮

    2014-01-01

    农业是皖北地区的支柱性产业,目前仍处于农业发展的初级阶段。皖北地区农业生产和管理分散,经济效益没有达到最大化。借鉴Porter的“钻石模型”,对皖北农业集聚的生产要素条件,需求条件,相关及支持产业,企业的战略、结构及竞争对手,机会及政府行为等进行分析,皖北地区要形成具有特色的农业集聚区,应建设农业工业园区,高效利用生产要素;大力发展上下游企业,树立区域品牌;优化农业组织结构,培育龙头企业;加速城镇化发展,刺激国内外需求;完善政府支持体系,创造农业发展机遇。%Though agriculture is the pillar industry in the north of Anhui province, it is still at the primary development stage. The maxi-mum economic benefit has not been achieved as the agricultural production and management are decentralized. Porter's Diamond Model is used to analyze the factor conditions;demand conditions;related and supporting industries;firm strategy, structure and rivalry;chance;and the government in the region. In order to form a distinctive agriculture industry cluster, the government should build agro-industrial parks to use the factor conditions efficiently, develop upstream and downstream enterprises to establish the regional brand, optimize the agricul-tural structure to cultivate leading enterprises, accelerate the urbanization process to stimulate the domestic demand, and improve the gov-ernment supporting system to create development opportunities for agriculture.

  8. Fontes de fósforo (fluida ou sólida na produtividade agrícola e industrial da cana-de-açúcar Effects of phosphorus sources (liquid or solid on agricultural and industrial sugarcane yield

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaspar Henrique Korndörfer

    2009-02-01

    two fertilizers (superphosphates were applied in the granulated form and the last ones in the liquid form. The phosphorus fertilizers were applied on the furrow just before planting. The results allowed concluding that there was no difference between solid and liquid form in the agricultural and industrial productivity. After the third cut, the Agronomic Efficiency Index showed that phosphates source reduced in the following order: single superphosphate (110% > triple superphosphate (100% > phosphoric acid (73% > phosphoric acid + rock phosphate (48%.

  9. AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIALIZATION: BEST ROUTE SELEETION TO NARROW THE INCOME GAP BETWEEN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS OF HUNAN%缩小湖南城乡收入差距的农业产业化路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋笑月

    2011-01-01

    Through the income gap between rural and urban residents in Hunan comparative analysis found that led to the growing income gap between urban and rural Hunan, widening the main reasons is the low level of industrialization of agriculture, leading to slow growth in farmers income. Therefore, narrowing the income gap between rural and urban residents in Hunan, it is necessary to pass the Government's policy guidance and financial support, to develop agricultural enterprises, training of new farmers at three levels, to vigorously promote the industrialization of agriculture.%通过对湖南城乡居民收入差距的比较分析,发现导致湖南城乡收入差距日渐托大的原因,主要是农业产业化程度不高,最终导致农民收入增长缓慢.因此,缩小湖南城乡居民的收入差距,就要通过政府的政策引导与财政支持,大力发展农业企业,培养新型农民三个层面,来大力推进农业产业化.

  10. Study on Development Issues of Distinctive Agriculture of West China from the Perspective of Industrial Chain: A Case of Apple Industry of Shaanxi%产业链视角下的西部地区特色农业发展研究——以陕西苹果为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会新; 高超

    2012-01-01

    西部地区农业资源丰富,特色农业是西部特色经济发展的必由之路,但西部农业资源优势远没有形成经济优势.陕西苹果是西部特色农业之一,尽管具有一些显著优势,但在品种结构、采后处理、产业化水平、资金投入、标准化生产以及销售方式方面仍存在着不足.针对这些问题的对策建议主要包括:优化产业布局和品种结构;强化产后处理能力;加大科技、资金和管理投入;加大产品营销力度,塑造品牌形象,进一步提高陕西苹果的产业化经营水平.%Western China is rich in agricultural resource, and characteristic agriculture is critical to development of characteristic economy of the west; however, advantage of resource of western agriculture has not so far been converted to advantage of economy. Apple industry of Shaanxi is one of characteristic agriculture of the west, on the one side, there are some featured advantages, on the other side, there are some disadvantages, such as, on breed structure, processing after gathering, industrialization operations, fund input, standardized production and sales mode. Suggestions for these problems mainly include optimizing industrial layout and breed structure, enhancing capability of processing after gathering, increasing input of technology, fund and management, and improving product marketing and branding, to further improve level of industrialization operation of apple industry of Shaanxi.

  11. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics.

  12. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics. PMID:23280539

  13. Agricultural Production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehigh County Area Vocational-Technical School, Schnecksville, PA.

    This brochure describes the philosophy and scope of a secondary-level course in agricultural production. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: careers in agriculture and agribusiness, animal science and livestock production, agronomy, agricultural mechanics, supervised occupational experience programs, and the…

  14. 新型工农城乡关系的演进脉络与政策框架%The Evolution and Policy Framework of New Industry-agriculture and Urban-rural Relationship in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丹; 唐茂华

    2014-01-01

    工农城乡关系都是我国基本的经济、政治和社会关系之一,我国工农城乡关系经历了一个从互惠型到割裂型,又从恢复型到汲取型的演进过程,近年来正在逐步形成城乡一体化发展的新格局。工农城乡之间是一个极其庞大、复杂的关系系统,也是长期以来累积形成的政治、经济、社会、文化和空间关系形态的综合体系,需要从重塑文化基石、完善市场基础、健全制度安排、丰富话语体系、构筑空间格局等方面,构建全方位、立体化的政策框架。%The industry-agriculture and urban-rural Relationship is a basic economic, political and social relationship in China, which has undergone a process from reciprocal type to split type, and then from recovery type to absorbent type. The industry-agriculture and urban-rural Relationship has gradually conversed from a split type to a new pattern of integration of urban and rural in last ten years. The industry-agriculture and urban-rural Relationship is a huge and complex system and it should be consummated in a multi-dimension policy framework of political, economic, social, cultural and spatial form, from remodeling cultural cornerstone, improve market infrastructure, improve the institutional arrangements, rich discourse system, and build other aspects of spatial pattern, building a comprehensive, three-dimensional policy framework.

  15. The Study on the Financial Support to the Development of the Agricultural Industrial Chain---A Case of Qinghai Province%金融支持农业产业链发展研究--以青海省为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈希凤; 王兴顺; 包卫平; 李寿林; 谭晶

    2015-01-01

    随着现代农业产业化发展步伐的不断加速,农业产业链问题越来越受到广泛的关注。青海农村边远地区产业化水平低,对金融资源的承载能力有限,制约了金融投入的扩大,从而又影响了农村地区的发展,形成经济发展和金融发展的低水平循环。延伸农业产业链条,实现农业的规模经营,增强农村地区对金融资源的承载能力,为加大金融投入形成经济发展和金融发展相互促进的良性循环提供了可能。本文对其进行了专项调查并提出相关建议。%Along with the acceleration of the development of the modern agriculture industrialization, the issues of the agricultural industrial chain have been more and more concerned. The industrialization level of remote rural areas in Qinghai province is low and the financial resource carrying capacity is limited, which restrains the expansion of financial investment, and further affects the devel-opment of rural areas and causes the low-level cycle of the economic and financial development. Extending agricultural industrial chain, realizing the agricultural scale management and enhancing the bearing capacity of financial resources of the rural areas provide the possibility of increasing the financial input to form the virtuous cycle of the mutual promotion of the economic development and fi-nancial development. The paper makes a special investigation on the issue and puts forward related suggestions.

  16. 农业产业化中的农村非正式组织与农民合作研究%Study on the Rural Informal Organizations and Peasants Cooperation in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄婧

    2011-01-01

    从非正式组织的产生背景出发,借助管理学对农村非正式组织的产生及其与农民合作的关系进行了分析,对如何促进农业产业化中的农民合作进行了讨论.%The formation of rural informal organizations and its relationship with peasants cooperation were analyzed by the principles of management from the formation background of informal organizations, and then the ways to promote peasants cooperation in agricultural industrialization were discussed.

  17. 鄱阳湖生态经济区农业优势产业布局研究%Distribution of Agricultural Advantage Industries in Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧一智; 张飞

    2011-01-01

    Poyang lake ecological economic zone (PLEEZ) is the most important agricultural production area in Jiangxi province. Analyzing the advantages of regional agriculture will provide reference for policy making in developing effective ecological agriculture in this area, An analysis of agriculture, crop production, animal production and fishing industries in PLEEZ by using LQ reveals that its crop production, animal husbandry and fishery enjoy comparative advantages in the whole province; except in Nanchang, Jiujiang, and Yingtan, the agriculture of most counties boasts comparative advantage in the whole province. Moreover, within PLEEZ, the advantage industries in the counties are also revealed in the analysis. Based on the result of LQ and combining the agricultural industry basis and development situation of this area, we come up with a distribution of agricultural advantage industries in PLEEZ, namely, crop production ( including high - quality crop, oil-bearing crop, cotton and vegetable production base ), forestry ( including fruit and tea leaf production base), animal production (swine, beef cattle and water fowl production base), and fishery. Finally, some countermeasures are given.%鄱阳湖生态经济区是江西省最重要的农产品产区,分析区域农业产业优势可为鄱阳湖生态经济区区域农业产业结构调整和相关政策制定提供参考。利用区位法(LQ)对鄱阳湖生态经济区农业及内部各行业(种植业、牧业、林业和渔业)进行分析,结果表明,鄱阳湖生态经济区种植业、牧业、渔业在全省范围内具有比较优势,除南昌、九江、鹰潭3个市区外,大部分县(市、区)的农业在全省范围内具有比较优势;以鄱阳湖生态经济区为背景区域,通过区位商比较阐明了鄱阳湖生态经济区各个县(市、区)农业优势所在。根据农业区位商的结果,结合鄱阳湖生态经济区区域农业产业基

  18. Agricultural Waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Ling; Zhang, Panpan; Shu, Huajie; Chang, Chein-Chi; Wang, Renqing; Zhang, Shuping

    2016-10-01

    In recent years, the quantity of agricultural waste has been rising rapidly all over the world. As a result, the environmental problems and negative impacts of agricultural waste are drawn more and more attention. Therefore, there is a need to adopt proper approaches to reduce and reuse agricultural waste. This review presented about 200 literatures published in 2015 relating to the topic of agricultural waste. The review examined research on agricultural waste in 2015 from the following four aspects: the characterization, reuse, treatment, and management. Researchers highlighted the importance to reuse agricultural waste and investigated the potential to utilize it as biofertilizers, cultivation material, soil amendments, adsorbent, material, energy recycling, enzyme and catalyst etc. The treatment of agricultural waste included carbonization, biodegradation, composting hydrolysis and pyrolysis. Moreover, this review analyzed the differences of the research progress in 2015 from 2014. It may help to reveal the new findings and new trends in this field in 2015 comparing to 2014. PMID:27620093

  19. An Outlook on Agricultural Modernization Path with Chinese Characteristics from Scale Agricultural Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wanjiang; WANG

    2015-01-01

    First of all,this paper discusses the scale agricultural operation of China from the aspects of practical exploration and rational thinking. Later,it puts forward the concept of further promoting scale agricultural operation according to the present conditions of China,which includes encouraging large household pattern and scale breeding,developing various forms of socialized agricultural services,promoting agriculture industrialization,accelerating regional distribution of advantageous agricultural products and promoting the progress in agricultural science and technology comprehensively.

  20. Research on Planning of Agricultural Park in Mountainous Area Based on Industrial Chain--Project of Agricultural Park in Mountain Juxiang Zibo City as a case%产业链支撑下的山地农业园规划研究--以淄博聚相山农业园规划为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    时玉芹; 陈东田; 高燕青; 钱兴华; 宋棣; 徐学东

    2015-01-01

    Since the complexity of mountainous region, topography, and environment conditions, there are numerous peculiarities to exist in mountain agricultural park planning. Based on the complete industrial chain and land utilization, together with construction planning practice of Agricultural Park in Mountain Juxiang, this paper putted forward an analysis of land adaptability as well as the exposition of ecological and industrial layout to emphasize the appropriate planning of industry project existed in different mountain parts such as gully, peak, hillside, terraced fields, with the purpose of strengthen green system planning so as to promote a sustainable development of agricultural park planning in mountainous area.%由于山地、地貌及环境条件的复杂性,山地农业园规划存在其特殊性。本文以完整产业链和土地利用为突破口,从聚相山农业园的建设规划实践出发,通过土地适应性分析,在生态格局和产业格局两方面进行论述,强调了沟峪、山顶、山腰、梯田不同山体部位相应的产业项目规划,同时,加强绿地系统规划,创建可持续发展的山地农业园规划方案。

  1. Rethinking the Role of Agriculture and Agro-Industry in the Economic Development of Thailand: Input-Output and CGE Analyses (Ph.D. Dissertation)

    OpenAIRE

    Thaiprasert, Nalitra

    2006-01-01

    Thailand’s economic development has been quite successful in terms of achieving high growth rate and reasonable per capita income. The country’s economic performance in terms of the transformation of production and exports are tending toward the normal pattern of increasing share of manufactured products. However, the major problems Thailand is still facing are the late reduction of its agricultural labor force, inequality that has occurred as a result of the development process, and problems...

  2. ICTs for Agriculture in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Zyl, Omri Van; Alexander, Trish; Graaf, Liezl De; Mukherjee, Kamal

    2014-01-01

    The strategic application of information and communications technology (ICT) to the agricultural industry, the largest economic sector in most African countries, offers the best opportunity for economic growth and poverty alleviation on the continent. Food security is paramount for the survival of individuals, families, and ultimately nations, yet Africa's agriculture sector has been in de...

  3. Capital loss in China's agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cheng Peng

    2004-01-01

    China's agriculture has contributed a lot to industrialization but it has suffered a long-run and severe capital loss.This paper provides an estimation model of capital loss in agriculture and gives some explanation in marginal approach.With an eye to a balanced and sustainable economy development, it is high time for government to do something for it.

  4. 绿色农产品产业生态补偿主体的博弈分析%Game Analysis on Subject of Eco-Compensation in Green Agriculture Products Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨顺顺; 宋春艳; 谢瑾岚

    2012-01-01

    Eco-compensation is necessary for the development of green agriculture product industry in China. In this paper, a game model is built to analyze the relationship and game behaviors among the government, producer and consumer during the supply and demand process of green agriculture products. Both of the pure strategy equilibrium condition and mixed Nash equilibrium condition are analyzed by the model. And the study finds that eco-compensation dominated by government is the most important way to balance the supply and demand of green agricultural product market at the present stage. Besides, the related policy suggestions based on the conclusions above are given in this paper.%评述对我国绿色农产品产业实施生态补偿的必要性,建立博弈模型,分析绿色农产品供需过程中政府、生产方、消费者的相互关系和博弈行为,得到实现纯战略和混合战略纳什均衡的条件,认为现阶段实行政府主导的生态补偿机制是稳定绿色农产品市场供需关系的重要手段.根据分析结论给出相关政策建议.

  5. The Evolutionary Game Analysis on Balanced Distribution of Profit about Supply Chains of Agricultural Products Processing Industry%农产品加工业供应链利益均衡分配演化博弈分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李惠杰; 郭微微

    2011-01-01

    农产品加工业供应链各个节点企业加入到供应的根本目的就是获得供应链产生的超额利益,超额利益的分配问题成为目前研究工作的热点,文章用演化博弈理论对农产品加工业供应链的利益分配问题进行了研究,并建立的演化博弈模型,并对模型进行了分析,最终确定了分配系数的取值.%The aim of all the node enterprises to join the supply chains of agricultural products processing industry is to generate over the interests of the supply chain. Over the distribution of benefits become a hot research. The paper analyzes the problem of benefits distribution about supply chains of agricultural products processing industry through evolutionary game and constructs an evolutionary game model, ultimately determines the distribution benefits formula of coefficient λ.

  6. Genetically Modified Crops: Towards Agricultural Growth, Agricultural Development, or Agricultural Sustainability?

    OpenAIRE

    Azadi, Hossein; Ghanian, Mansour; Ghuchani, Omid M.; Rafiaani, Parisa; Taning, Clauvis N. T.; Hajivand, Roghaye Y.; Dogot, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The present debate on how to increase global food production in a sustainable way has focused on arguments over the pros and cons of genetically modified (GM) crops. Scientists in both public and private sectors clearly regard GM technology as a major new set of tools, whereas industry sees it as an opportunity for increased profits. However, it remains questionable whether GM crops can contribute to agricultural growth, agricultural development, and agricultural sustainability. This review p...

  7. Towards Improved Industrial Relations of Employees in Ethiopian Agricultural Research Institute: The Case of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemechu Shale Ogato

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Industrial relations cover all such relationships that a business enterprise maintains with various sections of the society such as workers, state customers, and public who come into its contact. In other words, it is the study of the interactions among industry, its employees and the governments that oversee them. The general objective of the study is to assess the industrial relations of employees of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center (APPRC and propose strategic measures for its improvement. The study employed comprehensive data collection methods whereby both secondary and primary methods of data collection methods were employed to address the objectives of the study.  Data collected through structured questionnaire were analyzed with the help of simple descriptive statistics like frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics with the help of SPSS software (version 20.  Promoting good governance and democracy, creating favorable working environment for employees and environment of good will and mutual cooperation, responding to employees’ reported problems promptly and positively; provision of trainings to employees on strategic issues and solutions; and encouraging employees to use modern technologies like ICTs in service delivery are some of the strategic measures proposed to improve the industrial relations of employees of Ambo Plant Protection Research Center.

  8. 7 CFR 1215.8 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of new markets, new marketing strategies, or increased efficiency for the popcorn industry, or... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING... CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Definitions §...

  9. Utilização agrícola de lodo industrial como fonte de zinco na cultura do crisântemo Agricultural use of industrial sludge as a source of Zn for chrysanthemum cultivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano F. Lopes

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available A utilização de lodo industrial inorgânico em substratos comerciais ou como fonte de nutrientes, é prática bem recente. O lodo produzido pela indústria de galvanoplastia-zincagem apresenta elevados teores de nutrientes como Zn, Fe, e Ca que, dependendo das doses utilizadas em solos e substratos, podem causar toxidez às plantas. No presente experimento foi utilizado um substrato comercial onde foram adicionadas doses crescentes do lodo industrial de galvanoplastia-zincagem para o cultivo de crisântemo, variedade Rage, em cultivo protegido. As doses do lodo industrial utilizadas foram de 0,0; 0,38; 0,75; 1,50; 3,0; 6,0; 9,0 e 12,0 g L-1 de substrato. Após 12 semanas de cultivo foram avaliadas as seguintes variáveis: pH e condutividade elétrica do substrato, teor de Zn na parte aérea da planta e no substrato, altura da planta (ALT, massa seca da parte aérea (MSPA, massa seca das inflorescências (MSF e massa seca do sistema radicular (MSR. A adição do lodo industrial no substrato, na dose de 0,38 g L-1, promoveu um pequeno incremento de ALT, MSPA e MSR. Este comportamento indica que o lodo industrial pode fornecer nutrientes à cultura. Nas doses superiores a 3 g L-1 ocorreu acentuada queda da produção devido ao desbalanço nutricional associado à fitotoxidez de Zn e elevada condutividade elétrica do substrato.The use of inorganic industrial sludge as a source of nutrients in growing media is a recent practice. The sludge produced by the zinc-galvanic industry has a high concentration of plant nutrients such as Zn, Fe and Ca that, depending on the doses used in soils and growing media, could be toxic to the plants. In the present experiment a commercial organic substrate was used by adding increasing doses of an industrial sludge produced by a zinc-galvanic industry. Doses of industrial sludge (0.0; 0.38; 0.75; 1.50; 3.0; 6.0; 9.0 and 12.0 g L-1 of the growing media were applied to the chrysanthemum cv. Rage, cultivated in a

  10. Advanced Stochastic Optimization Modeling of the Water-energy-food Nexus for Robust Energy and Agricultural Development: Coal Mining Industry in Shanxi province, China

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, J; Sun, C.; Xiangyang, X.; Cao, G.-Y.; Yermoliev, Y.; Ermolieva, T.; Mosnier, A; Rovenskaya, E.

    2015-01-01

    In this presentation, we discuss a modeling framework able to carry out an integrated systems analysis of interdependent energy-food-water-environmental systems while accounting for the competition to those systems posed by restricted natural resources under inherent uncertainties and systemic risks. The case study focuses on developments of coal industry in water-scarce regions of China. Coal is the main energy source in China responsible for country’s energy security. However, coal-based in...

  11. Using drip irrigation of water and fertilizer for synergic development of industry and agriculture%采用水肥一体化技术统筹工农业协调发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安迪; 王亭杰; 金涌

    2015-01-01

    我国化肥利用率低,面源污染严重,同时农业耗水量大,水资源短缺问题突出.本文提出一种以水肥一体化滴灌技术为核心的高效设施农业发展方式.通过滴灌技术可以实现养分和水对作物的定量供应,提高化肥利用率并提高灌溉用水效率和作物产量;将过滤后的沼肥沼液与滴灌相结合,可将畜禽粪便和农作物秸秆变废为宝,改善农村生态环境;工业上排放的CO2经过无害化处理后,可通入附近的温室大棚,为作物提供碳源;应用和推广水肥一体化滴灌技术,能够拉动聚氯乙烯(PVC)的需求,消化部分PVC的过剩产能,进而拉动氯碱行业.通过滴灌设备租赁、废旧设备回收环节,完善整个产业链条,统筹协调工业农业平衡发展.%The low efficiency of fertilizer utilization in China has resulted in severe nonpoint source pollution. Meanwhile,there exists a severe problem of water shortage and large amount of water consumption in agriculture. A way of facility agriculture based on drip irrigation of wa-ter and fertilizer technology for high-efficient development of industry and agriculture was pro-posed. The nutrients and water could be quantitatively fed to crops by using drip irrigation tech-nology,which can increase the utilization efficiency of fertilizer,irrigation efficiency of water and crop yields. Using drip irrigation of filtered biogas slurry could take advantage of livestock manure and crop straw and improve rural ecological environment. The CO2 discharged from in-dustry could be transported into the greenhouse after harmless treatment which can provide the carbon for crops. The wide application of drip irrigation technology can increase the demand of (poly vinyl chloride)PVC,which can release a part of the over production capacity of PVC and promote the development of chlor-alkali industry. Besides,renting and recycling of drip ir-rigation equipment can improve the industrial chain. This is an efficient

  12. Development assessment of leisure agriculture in Henan province of China based on SWOT-AHP method

    OpenAIRE

    Yichuan Zhang; Lei Feng

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The development of leisure agriculture is an important means of agricultural industry structure adjustment of Henan province, China, to realize the transition from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture. Design/methodology/approach: The SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity, Threat) analysis of Henan leisure agriculture will contribute to the sustainable development of Henan leisure agriculture. The strength, weakness, opportunity and threat of developing leisure agriculture ...

  13. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  14. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  15. Urban Agriculture:The Major Direction of Future Agricultural Development in Huainan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Xing-ying

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of introducing the concept of urban agriculture, this paper analyses the necessity of developing urban agriculture in Huainan City as follows: it is the need of transformation and upgrading of agricultural industry; it is the need of development of urban-rural integration; it is the need of sustainable urban development; it is the need of solving the issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers effectively. Then this paper analyses the endowment of developing urban agriculture in Huainan City. And finally the basic conception in industrial form and spatial framework is put forward, to develop urban agriculture in Huainan City.

  16. Potential use of a chemical leaching reject from a kaolin industry as agricultural fertilizer Uso potencial do resíduo químico lixiviado duma indústria de caulim como adubo de terras agrícolas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Rodrigues Ribeiro

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The industrial refining of kaolin involves the removal of iron oxides and hydroxides along with other impurities that cause discoloration of the final product and depreciate its commercial value, particularly undesirable if destined to the paper industry. The chemical leaching in the industrial processing requires treatments with sodium hyposulfite, metallic zinc, or sulfuric and phosphoric acids, in order to reduce, dissolve and remove ferruginous compounds. To mitigate the environmental impact, the acidic effluent from the leaching process must be neutralized, usually with calcium oxide. The resulting solid residue contains phosphorous, zinc, and calcium, among other essential nutrients for plant growth, suggesting its use as a macro and micronutrient source. Samples of such a solid industrial residue were used here to evaluate their potential as soil fertilizer in an incubation greenhouse experiment with two soil samples (clayey and medium-textured. The small pH shift generated by applying the residue to the soil was not a limiting factor for its use in agriculture. The evolution of the concentrations of exchangeable calcium, and phosphorous and zinc extractability by Mehlich-1 extractant during the incubation period confirms the potential use of this industrial residue as agricultural fertilizer.O beneficiamento industrial do caulim envolve a remoção de óxidos e hidróxidos de ferro e outras impurezas, que conferem coloração indesejável ao produto final e depreciam seu valor comercial, particularmente se destinado à indústria de papel. A lixiviação química, na linha de processamento industrial, pode ser feita com tratamentos com hipossulfito de sódio, zinco metálico e ácidos sulfúrico e fosfórico, para redução, solubilização e remoção de compostos ferruginosos. A fim de minimizar o impacto ambiental, o efluente ácido, procedente da etapa de lixiviação, deve ser inicialmente neutralizado, usualmente por óxido de c

  17. Evaluation of cluster development level of agriculture products processing industrial park%农产品加工产业园区聚集水平的发展评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张慧媛; 郭雪霞; 刘瑜; 冉国伟; 王国扣; 王海

    2016-01-01

    for agro-processing industrial parks in China. It finds that regions with high level of clustering are more privileged in terms of industrial resources or labor resources, more committed to investing in science, technology and technical innovation, and more capable in management and resource integration. Besides, they can properly extend the industrial chain to attract large-scale or leading companies, create favorable conditions for production and financing, and offer convenient services in transportation, technology and information. With reduced transaction cost and better productivity, the companies in the industrial parks can increase main business income and profits. The study notes that development of clustering in industrial parks will need to be put into the context of national fundamentals, tap the potential of local advantages, and be aligned with development of agro-processing industry. Efforts are needed to develop master plan for agro-processing parks, set up and enforce industrial standard, squarely implement preferential policies on taxation, water and power, provide more support in financing, commit to technology development and technical innovation, cultivate brand for leading companies, and set up role models to showcase good practices, in order to facilitate cluster-based development. Government shall create platform for services and regulation, focusing on early warning and surveillance. Several policy recommendations are put forward in the study as follows:advocate differentiated pattern of development (agricultural science and technology, agro-tourism, experience and sightseeing, etc), explore multiple functions of industrial parks, create new sources of employment and income for farmers, promote integration of the primary, secondary and tertiary industries, and boost innovative, balanced, green, open and shared development of the industry. The study provides reference for peer agencies, public organizations, companies and relevant researchers

  18. Research on the Competition Degree and Competition Strategy of China’s Processing Industries of Agricultural Products Based on the Potter Model——Taking "LaoGanMa" as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    By using Porter’s Five Forces Model,and from 5 aspects of individual farmer,purchaser,new entrant,substitute and the enterprise of the same trade,I analyze the leading enterprise in Guizhou Province-LaoGanMa,so as to reveal the commonality and particularity reflected from the competition degree of LaoGanMa as follows:LaoGanMa has absolute dominance over material purchase;the purchasers’ recognition on the quality of LaoGanMa,bearing capacity of sales price and habitual consumption allay consumers’ ability to bargain;as for the problems of substitutes,the threat of new entrants and competition of the same trading,LaoGanMa has not done enough.The thesis formulates the competitive strategy conducive to development,like differentiation strategy,Cost-leadership strategy and brand strategy,in order to promote the development of processing industries of agricultural products.

  19. Report of the 2nd RCM on development of radiation-processed products of natural polymers for application in agriculture, healthcare, industry and environment. Working Material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation processing offers a clean and additive-free method for preparation of value-added novel materials based on renewable, non-toxic and biodegradable natural polymers and natural polymer waste. The results of research work showed that depending on the irradiation conditions, natural polysaccharides (alginate, chitin/chitosan, carrageeneans, carboxylmethylcellulose, etc.) could be either degraded or crosslinked by radiation. This paved the way for development of many successful applications; some of them commercialized, for use in agriculture, health care and environmental protection. The inputs for the formulation of this CRP and the key issues that need to be addressed were provided by the Consultant’s Meeting on “Radiation Processing of Natural Polymers for Development of Finished Products for Health Care, Agriculture and Environment” held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 26 – 30 March 2007. The main objective was defined as wide-spread promotion and general application of radiation processed natural materials, by coupling radiation technology and end-users to derive additional benefits from these value-added natural materials. The first RCM of the CRP was convened in Vienna on 21-25 April 2008. The participants presented and discussed the status of the field, the needs for further research, and various application possibilities. The work plan formulated during the meeting focused on harmonization of procedures for characterization of irradiated polymers, and protocols for investigation of the functional properties of degraded natural polymer products and their field testing. A network for collaboration was also proposed. The Meeting Report was published and is available for all Member States. The second RCM of this CRP was held in Reims, France, on 12–16 October 2009. The meeting was attended by 14 participants who reported their individual research results obtained since the first RCM, as well as their further plans. This meeting report contains

  20. Joint Development Mechanism Agricultural Industrialization of Farmers' Organizations and A Study Based on the Perspective of Improving Efficiency of Agriculture%农民组织化与农业产业化联动发展机制研究——基于农业生产效率提升的视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高强; 高仁德; 丁慧媛

    2011-01-01

    农民组织化是农业生产效率提升的内部推动力,农业产业化是农业生产效率提升的外部拉动力,只有将这两种力量有机结合,才能使农业生产效率得到最大程度地提升。本着要素整合、因地制宜、效率与效益、公平合理等基本原则,分别构建东部地区以双动力整合为重点、中部地区以农民组织化向农业产业化过渡为重点、西部地区以建设农民合作组织为重点的我国各区域农民组织化与农业产业化联动发展机制,并在此基础上针对性提出了加强政府宏观调控与政策引导、培育新型农民组织化形式、完善法律建设保护相关主体合法权益、加强农民职业培训、引导扶持涉农产业发展、发挥典型示范作用等推进联动机制发展的对策及建议。%Farmers' organizations are an internal driving force and agricultural industrialization is the external power to enhance the efficiency of agricultural production. Combining these two forces can further increase agricultural productivity. Based on this perspective and the local conditions, the article, in line with the principle of elements integration, efficiency and effectiveness, fairness and reason, constructed a joint development mechanism for East China with the focus on hybrid integration, another for Central China with the focus on the transition from farmers' organizations to agricultural industrialization, and another for West China with the focus on building farmers' cooperative organizations. Finally some countermeasures and suggestions were proposed including strengthening the government' s macroeconomic control and policy guidance, nurturing new forms of farmers' organizations, improving the legal construction to protect farmers' legitimate rights and interests , etc..

  1. 调整农—企利益关系完善农业产业化经营%The Perfect Management of Industrialization in Agriculture Lying in Adjusting the Relationship Between the Farmers and the Enterprises' Benefit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许玉贵

    2011-01-01

    Access to the potential benefits through cooperation, which is the dynamic of industrial management of agriculture for joint of farmers and leading enterprises, and interests are the core of agro-enterprises. Whether to handle the interests of both sides is the key factor for the healthy development of industrial management of agriculture. This paper starts from motivation of joint of agro-enterprises, from analysis on the phenomenon and the reasons for interest conflict between leading enterprises and farmers in the reality, and raises the necessity and possible measure for adjustment of agro-enterprises interest, with particular emphasis on government of important role as a provider of public goods and social benefits of regulation.%通过合作获取潜在利益是农户和龙头企业进行联合开展农业产业化经营的动力所在.利益关系是农—企关系的核心,能否处理好双方利益关系是农业产业化经营能否健康发展的关键.从农—企联合的动因人手,从现实中龙头企业和农户之间利益冲突的现象和原因分析,提出调适农—企利益关系的必要性和可能的途径,并特别强调了政府作为公共产品提供者和社会利益调节者在其中的重要作用.

  2. The Lanzhou City's Logistic Industry of Specialty Agricultural Products:Development and Solutions%兰州市特色农产品物流业发展及其对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵凤丽; 闫述乾

    2012-01-01

    兰州市特色农产品产业发展迅速,但物流组织化、市场化程度低,成本偏高,技术落后。结合现代物流管理思想及其运作模式,以物流活动的低成本、高效率、最优服务为目标,优化现有物流业,提出建立以第三方物流中心为主导,以农村专业合作经济组织为媒介的发展新模式。第三方物流中心整合上游农村专业合作经济组织、下游消费端及农产品投资者等其他群体,运作市场化;农村专业合作经济组织与农户签订产销合同,为其提供技术指导、产销信息等,收益分红。运输配送系统和信息系统建设是新模式的重点。前者拟解决合理的运输配送路线问题,并运用GPS、GIS、WebGIS等现代物流信息技术优化主业务流程;后者更强调与各节点信息系统的对接。市场和政府也要做到协调推动,提高物流业的组织化、市场化程度,完善市场体系和标准化体系,创新投融资体系。%Although Lanzhou city's specialty agricultural product industry has been developing rapidly,such problems as low systematization,poor marketization,high cost and backward technology still exist in its logistic industry of specialty agricultural products.Based on the modern management concept on logistics and related operation modes,targeting low cost,high efficiency,optimal logistic service,and having optimization of the existing logistic industry as means,this paper put forward the concept of establishing a new logistic development mode.According to such a mode,the third party logistic center serves as the leading one and the rural special cooperative economic organization serves as medium;the third party logistic center is in charge of integrating the rural special cooperative economic organizations in the logistic industry upstream with other groups in the logistic industry downstream,such as consumers and agricultural product investors;marketization is applied to the logistic operation

  3. Feed intake, digestibility, nitrogen utilization, and body weight change of sheep consuming wheat straw supplemented with local agricultural and agro-industrial by-products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurfeta, Ajebu

    2010-06-01

    Effects of supplementing sheep consuming wheat straw with local agro-industrial by-products on feed intake, growth, digestibility and nitrogen utilization were determined. Thirty 1-year-old local wethers, with a mean (+/-SD) live weight of 19.8 (+/-1.06) kg, were assigned to five treatments: wheat straw + atella (T1), wheat straw + atella + poultry litter (T2), wheat straw + atella + coffee pulp (T3), wheat straw + atella + coffee pulp + poultry litter (T4), hay + concentrate (T5). A 7-day digestibility experiment and a 112-day growth trial were conducted. Total dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) intake as well as body weight gain was similar for all treatments. The highest (P coffee pulp are available, smallholder farmers could feed the mixtures as a supplement to straw with a good performance without using concentrate feeds.

  4. Utilization of agricultural raw material as an energy source - a case study on the alcohol industry in Sao Paulo state, Brazil

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Brazilian National Alcohol Programme (Proalcool) can well be considered the world's largest technical effort to replace petroleum with fuels from plant biomass: 11.5 billion liters of alcohol for fuel and industrial use were produced in the harvest of 1987/88. About 3.7 million of the 13 million Brazilian cars run on straight hydrous alcohol, the rest on gasohol (gasoline blend with up to 22% anhydrous alcohol). The following survey is focused on Sao Paulo State, which is responsible for 64% of Brazil's alcohol production (7.33 billion liters). In this state alcohol from sugarcane is produced in the largest (average 370.000 1/day) and technically most effective production units, at lowest production costs. This paper attempts to estimate via simulation the future productivity and cost of fuel alcohol, and evaluates its market position compared to energy of fossil origin. (author)

  5. Problems and Countermeasures on Adjusting Agricultural Industrial Structure in Ethnic Minority Regions%少数民族地区农业产业结构调整的问题及对策研究——以贵州省三都水族自治县为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤晓丹

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyzes the problems in adjusting agricultural industrial structure in ethnic minority regions, proposes the measures for speeding up the industrial structure adjustment, such as depending on local resources, adjusting agricultural industrial structure according to local practical conditions, enhancing support for agriculture, strengthening rural and agricultural infrastructure construction, rationally circulating land, implementing scale planting, building agro-products sales network based on the platform of fanners' professional cooperative organizations, accelerating agricultural industrialization pace, and promoting the rapid development of rural economy.%分析了当前少数民族地区农业产业结构调整中存在的主要问题,提出加快少数民族地区产业结构调整的对策:依托当地资源优势,园地制宜调整农业产业结构;加大对农业的支持力度,加强农业和农村基础设施建设;合理流转土地,实施规模种养;以农民专业合作组织为平台,构建农产品销售网络;加快农业产业化经营步伐,推动农村经济快速发展.

  6. 如何看待“农村剩余劳动力向非农产业和城镇转移是工业化和现代化的必然趋势%How to Look on the Viewpoint that It is the Inevitable Trend of Industrialization and Urbanization for the Residual Rural Labor Forces to Shift to Non-agricultural Industries or Cities and Towns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李宁辉

    2003-01-01

    Under the huge framework of China's entry into WTO, by using GTAP model, the author experimentally analyses that the shift of rural residual labor forces to non-agricultural industries or cities and towns is vital to improve the income of rural residents and narrow the gap both between rural areas and ur ban areas and between regions.

  7. Informing decision making in agricultural greenhouse gas mitigation policy: A Best–Worst Scaling survey of expert and farmer opinion in the sheep industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Effectiveness and practicality of greenhouse gas mitigation measures are assessed. ► Best–Worst Scaling surveys are used to elicit expert and sheep farmer opinion. ► Effective and practical measures are priority candidates for policy inclusion. ► Support mechanisms may be needed to deliver effective, low practicality measures. ► Variation in farmers’ perceptions of practicality holds implications for policy delivery. -- Abstract: Policy decision making for agricultural greenhouse gas mitigation is hindered by scientific uncertainty regarding the effectiveness of mitigation measures. Successful on-farm adoption of measures is contingent upon farmer perception of the relative practicality of implementing the measure and associated incentives and advice. In the absence of a comprehensive evidence base we utilised Best–Worst Scaling, a discrete choice survey method, to elicit expert and farmer opinion on the relative effectiveness and practicality of mitigation measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from sheep production systems. The method enabled individual mitigation measures to be ranked on a ratio scale of effectiveness (expert opinion) and practicality (farmer opinion). Six measures were identified as possessing the combined qualities of effectiveness and practicality and are considered priority candidates for policy promotion. The overall preferred measure was the use of legumes in pasture reseed mixes. Estimation and analysis of the distribution of individual respondent scores revealed heterogeneity in farmers’ perceptions of practicality, suggesting that flexible policies are required to enable farmers to select mitigation measures most suited to their farm type and locality. Practical measures with below average effectiveness may be widely adopted with limited regulation, incentivisation or advice, whilst some highly effective measures with lower practicality are likely to present greater obstacles to adoption

  8. 农业产业集群区域品牌资产形成机理研究%Study on the Mechanism of Regional Brand Equity in Agricultural Industry Cluster Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张月莉

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory of regional marketing and brand equity, this paper analyzed the definition, nature and dimensions of regional brand equity in agricultural industry cluster area, and then built an integrated model of its influencing factors and action mechanism. The results showed that regional factors, industrial factors and brand factors all played fundamental role, meanwhile the building of value-chain systems mediated these influencing factors and the formation of regional brand equity.%结合区域营销理论与品牌资产理论,深入分析了农业产业集群区域品牌资产的概念、特征与构成,构建了农业产业集群区域品牌影响因素及作用机制的整合模型.研究表明,区域性因素、产业性因素、品牌性因素是农业产业集群区域品牌资产构成的基础影响因素,而农业产业集群价值链体系建设在上述基础性影响因素与区域品牌资产形成之间发挥着重要的中介作用.

  9. Ciência, positivismo e agricultura: uma análise do Ministério da Agricultura, indústria e comércio na Primeira República Science, positivism and agriculture: an analysis of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, industry and commerce in the First Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Jungmann Bhering

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a criação do Ministério da Agricultura, Indústria e Comércio (MAIC em 1909 e as atividades exercidas no interior de algumas de suas agências. A partir da criação do MAIC, os institutos recém-estabelecidos e os que passaram à sua tutela, como o Jardim Botânico e o Museu Nacional, assumiram uma orientação utilitária, para o desenvolvimento e modernização da agricultura nacional. Sugerimos que os valores positivistas de progresso e de defesa de uma ciência aplicada possuíram papéis chave na criação do MAIC e nas atividades dos seus institutos.This article analyses the creation of the Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce (MAIC in 1909, as well as the scientific activities inside some of its agencies. With the creation of MAIC, the newly created institutes and those which were transferred to its responsibility (ex. Botanic Garden and National Museum assumed an utilitarian orientation with the objective of modernizing and developing the national agriculture. We suggest that the positivist values regarding progress and the important role of applied sciences had key in the creation of MAIC and in the activities of its agencies.

  10. Green Agriculture - features and agricultural policy measures for the transition to a sustainable agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities in each country or area, as it is in close correlation with all other the other economic activities, in a whole which must be structured so as to achieve a more efficient planning and organization of the territory. The practice of a traditional agriculture, based on industrialization, affects the natural environment through emissions of pollutants, waste and deforestation which together affects biodiversity. Green Agriculture suppose to empower managers to widespread the use of fertilizers, to improve the crop rotation, to realize a more efficient water consumption, to improve the storage methods and the supply chain of products. Agricultural policies are closely interrelated with environmental policies as agricultural activities have a considerable influence on the environment. The efficiency of agricultural policies is reflected in monetary transfers between agriculture and other economic sectors, in the costs due to the reallocation of the resources between different agricultural and non-agricultural activities and in the realized gains. Currently there is a constant concern of the governments for the transition to a green agriculture, and most countries recognize the importance of achieving sustainable economic development.

  11. Agricultural methanization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly outlined the interest of the development of methanization of agricultural by-products in the context of struggle against climate change, and noticed that France is only now developing this sector as some other countries already did, this publication describes the methanization process also called anaerobic digestion, which produces a digestate and biogas. Advantages for the agriculture sector are outlined, as well as drawbacks and recommendations (required specific technical abilities, an attention to the use of energetic crops, an improved economic balance which still depends on public subsidies, competition in the field of waste processing). Actions undertaken by the ADEME are briefly evoked

  12. An Explanation of the In ter-Sectoral Productivity Difference between Industry and Agriculture bsaed on Sector-Biased Technology Progress%基于部门偏向技术进步的工业与农业部门间生产率差异解释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李博文; 孙树强

    2015-01-01

    When workers in the agricultural sector can work at home ( Household Production) , the paper discussed the change reasons of industrial and agricultural labor productivity, and its change traits in process of economic development. The study showed technology progress has the department bias, with the gradual increase in the industrial sector workers, the technology level of industrial sector increase, thereby increasing the relative price of agricultural products;with the increase of the relative price of agricultural products, the agricultural sector workers will gradually increase the labor sup-ply and reduce household production time; when the agricultural sector workers will reduce household production time, labor productivity difference between agriculture and industry will gradually shrink.%在农业部门劳动者可以进行家庭生产(Household Production)的条件下,本文讨论了工业与农业劳动生产率差异产生的原因,以及这种差异在经济发展过程中的变动轨迹。研究发现:技术进步具有部门偏向性,随着工业部门劳动者逐渐增多,工业部门的技术水平也逐渐提高,并提高了农产品相对价格水平;随着农产品相对价格水平的提高,农业部门的劳动者会逐渐增加劳动力供给、缩短家庭生产的时间;随着农业部门劳动者用于家庭生产时间的减少,工业与农业之间的劳动生产率差异会逐渐缩小。

  13. Organic Agriculture and Food Utilization

    OpenAIRE

    Brandt, Dr. Kirsten

    2007-01-01

    SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 90. Food safety: Many aspects of organic agriculture reduce the risks of pathogens (zoonoses), mycotoxins, bacterial toxins and industrial toxic pollutants, compared to conventional agriculture. However, some other aspects potentially increase them. Reduced resistance to antibiotics in zoonotic pathogens indicates a better prognosis for patients if an infection does occur. For natural plant toxins, the content in plants appears to systematically be 10 to 50 percent ...

  14. Study on Modern Agriculture Equipment and Technology Coordinating Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weilong; WANG; Zulin; DA

    2013-01-01

    As the material foundation of agriculture modernization, the modernization level of agricultural equipment and technology is the significant signal of agricultural modernization, and the advancement of agricultural modernization is the important content of building a well-off society in an all-around way. Upgrading key technology research ability and promoting agricultural mechanization and industry development not only can shorten the gap between agricultural development level in China and that in developed countries, but also can advance the modernization process of China.

  15. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    STEVENS, GLENN Z.

    FEDERAL LEGISLATION HAS PROVIDED FOR PUBLIC PROGRAMS OF OCCUPATIONAL AGRICULTURE EDUCATION IN LAND GRANT COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS, AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS. PROGRAM OBJECTIVES SHOULD BE TO DEVELOP KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS, PROVIDE OCCUPATIONAL GUIDANCE AND PLACEMENT, AND DEVELOP ABILITIES IN HUMAN RELATIONS AND…

  16. Challenges and Opportunities in Developing Beijing Modern Urban Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We analyze development situations of Beijing modern urban agriculture from agricultural distribution,agricultural foundation and agricultural industrial system.Our research on challenges and opportunities of Beijing modern urban agriculture indicates that challenges include short of resources,deterioration of environment,and high production cost,and opportunities include large market space,advanced agricultural industrial experience and many other development opportunities.On the basis of these,we put forward development thought of Beijing modern urban agriculture in " the Twelfth Five Plan" period.We must improve foundation,integration and demonstration of agriculture;orient towards market and satisfy medium and high end market demands;actively cultivate and strengthen agricultural industrial level;create unique product brand;and raise added value of agricultural products.

  17. Urban Agriculture Programs on the Rise: Agriculture Education Model Can Reach Students Other Classes Leave Behind

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritsch, Julie M.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural education begins with hands-on classroom and laboratory instruction. Because agriculture is such a broad topic, schools typically tailor agriculture class offerings to match the interests of the student population, needs of nearby businesses and industry, or topics relevant to their state's standard assessments. Within most…

  18. Change of the natural radiation exposure due to agriculture and industrial activities in a high natural radioactivity area from Brazil; Modificacao da exposicao a radiacao natural devido a atividades agricolas e industriais numa area de radioatividade natural elevada no Brasil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva Amaral, E.C. da

    1992-12-31

    The Pocos de Caldas Plateau, Minas Gerais State one of the biggest alkaline intrusions in the world. This study has shown the expected value for the mean annual radiation exposure due to the agricultural activities ranges from 6 up to 14 mSv/a depending on the age and living habits of the population group. The inhalation exposure of radon, thoron and their progenies represents the largest radiological health hazard (70-90%); this is followed by the external gamma irradiation from soil (10-25%). Ingestion of natural radionuclides with local food is only of minor radiological consequence. It was found that the lethal cancer risk might increase by 4% for a person born at the plateau, living and working there for the rest of her life. For the remote population the consumption the consumption of food products exported from the plateau leads to an expected value for the collective dose of 19 man Sv/a. This corresponding nominally to the small calculated number of 1 additional case of cancer per year. Therefore the main radiation impact of the agricultural activities are not the increased concentrations of natural radionuclides in food products but the fact that they are produced there with human labor and thus increasing the radiation exposure to a large number of farm workers and their families that move for occupational reasons to that region. The radiation exposure due to the mining and milling activities is, in spite of the significant increase of radionuclide activity concentrations in river waters, only of the order of 0.3 mSv/a. However as a recognized industrial source the ICRP dose limitation system has to be applied. Under this aspect the exposure calculated here, 0.3 mSv/a, should be considered as acceptable. (author). 93 refs, 16 figs, 58 tabs.

  19. Study on the Characteristic and Current Situation of Agricultural Science and Technology Industry-University Collaboration Model in Jiangsu Province%江苏省农业科技产学研合作模式特点及发展现状研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包樱

    2015-01-01

    Industry-university collaboration is an effective way for the improvement of agricultural science and technology innovation.Four typical industry-university collaboration models,namely,organization of agricultural science and technology innovation platform,foundation of modern agricultural science and technology park, organization of agro-industries technological innovation strategic alliance as well as university and local government cooperation in agricultural science and technology ,were studied in-depth by study method so as to guide and promote IUC in agricultural science and technology effectively.%产学研合作是提高农业科技创新能力的有效途径。文章通过分析,深入研究了江苏省农业科技产学研合作的四种典型模式,即组建农业科技创新平台、成立现代农业科技园、组建涉农产业技术创新战略联盟和开展校地农业科技合作,以引导和推动农业科技产学研合作的有效开展。

  20. Precision agriculture '09 : papers presented at the 7th European conference on precision agriculture, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 6-8 July 2009

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henten, van E.J.; Goense, D.; Lokhorst, C.

    2009-01-01

    Precision Agriculture is becoming ever more relevant as the agricultural industry struggles to come to terms with the environment, economics, traceability, vehicle guidance and crop management. Whilst some benefits have proved elusive, others contribute positively to today's agriculture. Research co

  1. Political Economy of Agrarian Crisis and Slow Industrialization in India

    OpenAIRE

    Bhattacharyya, Sudipta; Abraham, Mathew; D’Costa, Anthony

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses the structuralist framework of agriculture-industry synergy in an economy to discuss the performance of the agricultural and industrial sectors in India. The industryagriculture relationship is argued to be integral to economic development as the agriculture sector supplies raw materials, surplus labour to the industrial sector and acts as a source of demand for industrial goods. However, in India this relationship has been complex. This paper looks at the...

  2. Research and dissemination needs for ergonomics in agriculture.

    OpenAIRE

    Estill, Cheryl Fairfield; Baron, Sherry; Steege, Andrea L.

    2002-01-01

    In 1998, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health convened a conference of researchers interested in the ergonomics of agricultural workers. Participants included 20 representatives from universities, state governments, private agricultural and insurance companies, migrant worker organizations, agricultural industry organizations, and the Agricultural Extension Service. The attendees divided into three groups and brainstormed about research ideas and dissemination methods rel...

  3. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  4. Routes Choice of Urban Agriculture, Ecotourism and Cultural Innovation Industry Fusion%都市农业、生态旅游和文化创意产业融合路径选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱启酒; 钱静

    2012-01-01

    都市农业、生态旅游和文化创意产业融合价值,是郊区产业升级、价值增值、农民增收的必然途径。都市农业、生态旅游和文化创意产、№融合可供选择的路径主要是:政府主导、整体规划设计、开发经营;市场主导、政策支撑、企业开发经营;市场主导、政策引导、集体开发经营;“政府搭台、村民唱戏”、个体开发经营。4种路径和模式各具优势和特点,各村镇应该根据自身的比较优势资源.抢抓机遇,选择适合本地特点的路径和模式进行开发建设和经营管理。%The fusion of urban agriculture, ecotourism and cultural innovation industry has been a necessary way for industry updating, value increase and income im- provement of farmers in suburbs. The methods available of the fusion are as fol- lows: corporation development and operation, led by government with an integrated plan; corporation management and development under guidance of market with sup- port from government; collective development under guidance of market and policies; individual development and operation with the model of "villagers participation de- pending on infrastructure provided by government". The four routes enjoy exclusive advantages and characters. Hence, different villages and towns should adopt the most suitable one according to local conditions for further development and management.

  5. Empirical Analysis of Agricultural Production Efficiency in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    This article analyses the agricultural production efficiency of all cities and areas in Shaanxi Province in the period 2006-2009 using data envelopment analysis method,and compares the agricultural production efficiency between all cities and areas.The results show that the agricultural production efficiency and scale efficiency of agriculture of Shaanxi Province are high on the whole,but the efficiency of agricultural technology is very low,agricultural development still relies on factor inputs,and the driving role of technological progress is not conspicuous.Finally the following countermeasures are put forward to promote agricultural productivity in Shaanxi Province:improve the construction of agricultural infrastructure,and increase agricultural input;accelerate the project of extending agricultural technology into households,and promote the conversion and use rate of agricultural scientific and technological achievements;establish and improve industrial system of agriculture,and speed up the building of various agricultural cooperative economic organizations.

  6. Perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Globalizing the Agricultural Curriculum

    OpenAIRE

    Nathan W. Conner; Katelyn Butcher

    2016-01-01

    The agriculture industry is part of an interconnected world that is continually navigating complex trade regulations and cultural barriers. Graduates of School-Based Agricultural Education programs need to be prepared to positively communicate with people from all over the world and to have an understanding of international agricultural practices. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Educators towards globalizing the secondary agricul...

  7. Recognizing risk in global agriculture: a summary of the 2011 Agricultural Symposium

    OpenAIRE

    Jason Henderson

    2011-01-01

    Historically, record profits in the agriculture industry have been fleeting - farm booms have been followed by busts. Recent profitability suggests agriculture has entered a new "golden era." Still the glint of banner profits could turn out to be fool's gold amid soaring market risks and volatile commodity prices. ; Henderson reports on the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City's agriculture symposium- "Recognizing Risk in Global Agriculture"-July 19 and 20, 2011, in Kansas City. About 200 agri...

  8. Agriculture/municipal/industrial waste management and resource recovery feasibility study : renewable energy clusters and improved end-use efficiency : a formula for sustainable development[Prepared for the North Okanagan Waste to Energy Consortium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-10-15

    The North Okanagan Waste to Energy Consortium initiated a study that evaluated the technical, environmental and economic feasibility of a proposed biomass to renewable energy eco-system, using the technologies of anaerobic digestion (AD), cogeneration and hydroponics in a centralized waste treatment and recovery facility. The Okanagan Valley is well suited for the demonstration plant because of its concentration of food producers and processors and abundance of rich organic waste stream. The agricultural, municipal and industrial waste management consortium consisted of a dairy farm, 5 municipalities and local waste handlers. The consortium proposed to combine several organic waste streams such as dairy manure, slaughterhouse offal and source separated municipal solid waste (MSW) to produce biogas in an anaerobic digester. The methane would be processed into renewable energy (heat and electricity) for a hydroponics barley sprout operation. It is expected that the synergies resulting from this project would increase productivity, end-use efficiency and profitability. This study reviewed the basics of AD technology, technological options and evaluated several technology providers. The type and quantity of waste available in the area was determined through a waste audit and analysis. The potential to market the system by-products locally was also reviewed as well as the general economic viability of a centralized system. The study also evaluated site selection, preliminary design and costing, with reference to proximity to feedstock and markets, access to roads, impacts on neighbours and insurance of minimal environmental impact. 84 refs., 82 figs., 10 appendices.

  9. Status and Existing Problems About Science and Technology Innovation in China's Agricultural Products Processing Industry%科技创新在我国农产品加工业中的地位及存在问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文亮; 程安玮; 徐同成; 刘丽娜; 陶海腾; 弓志青; 杜方岭

    2012-01-01

    “十一五”以来,我国农产品加工业得到了迅猛发展,其中科技创新起到举足轻重的作用。本文对农产品加工业科技创新进行了战略定位,对农产品加工业存在的瓶颈问题进行了深入分析和探讨,并提出了加快农产品加工业科技创新的对策和建议。%Since the eleventh Five-year Plan, China's process industry of agricuhural products has seen a rapid development and sci- entific and technical innovation has played important role in it. This article made stratgic positioning for science and technolegy innovation in agricultural products processing, analyzed the existing problems, and proposed countermeasures and suggestion.

  10. Agricultural Investment Environment in Shaanxi Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The features of ageing,low educational level and female domination on the part of agricultural labor forces,determine that the sustainable development of agriculture can not rely entirely on farmers,who are engaged in dispersed planting and small-scale operation,therefore,improving agricultural investment environment,and taking positive measures to promote diversification of the main body of agricultural investment,is the key to the healthy development of agriculture.From four aspects(the industrial base of agriculture,arable land resource conditions,capital investment capacity,input of means of production),this article establishes evaluation indicator system of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi Province,and based on this,make recommendations for improvement of agricultural investment environment in Shaanxi.

  11. 7 CFR 1948.72 - Industry reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true Industry reports. 1948.72 Section 1948.72 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE... § 1948.72 Industry reports. Any person regularly engaged in any coal or uranium development...

  12. 7 CFR 1209.9 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Definitions § 1209.9 Industry information. Industry information means information and programs that will lead to the development of new markets and marketing strategies, increased efficiency, and activities to... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE...

  13. 基于DPSIR模型的农业产业化可持续发展评价研究——以广西北部湾经济区为例%Evaluation on the Sustainable Development of Agricultural Industrialization Based on DPSIR Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 黄鹄

    2009-01-01

    Based on the apprehension of the connotation of agricultural industrialization, the DPSIR model based on agricultural industrialization was introduced form the five aspects of driving fore, pressure, state, impact and response. Taking North Bay Economic Zone of Guangxi Province as an example, 23 indices was selected to construct the evaluation index system of sustainable development for agricultural industrialization by adopting Analytic Hierarchy Process. And the sustainable development level was comprehensively evaluated by weightedMethod. TheResults showed that driving force factor was in a worse state. Industry, house sites and unreasonable agricultural productive ways caused obvious pressure on agricultural industrialization. The scores of "state" and "impact" factors indicated that output scale of agriculture, labor force scale and farmer's benefit were still in the initial stage. The score of "response" was lower, which indicated that the current structural adjustment couldn' t adapt to the development of agricultural industrialization. The developmental environment of North Bay Economic Zone was studied as well as opportunities and challenges. On this basis, related countermeasures and proposals were put forward.%在理清农业产业化内涵的基础上,从驱动力、压力、状态、影响和响应5个方面,介绍了基于农业产业化的DPSIR模型.以广西北部湾经济区为例,采用层次分析法选取了23个指标构建了农业产业化可持续发展评价指标体系,并使用加权法对其农业产业化发展水平进行了综合评价.结果表明:驱动力因素依然处在较差的状态;工业、住房宅基地以及不合理的农业生产方式等对农业产业化发展产生了明显的压力;"状态"和"影响"因子的得分说明农业产值规模、劳动力规模以及农民收益等仍处于起步阶段;"响应"因子得分较低,不能适应农业产业化发展.研究了广西北部湾经

  14. AGRICULTURAL USES OF SEAWEEDS EXTRACTS

    OpenAIRE

    Monica Popescu

    2013-01-01

    Marine bioactive substances extracted from seaweed are currently used in food, animal feed, as a raw material in the industry and have therapeutic applications. Most of the products based on marine algae are extracted from Brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum. The use of extracts of seaweed in agriculture is beneficial because the amount of chemical fertilizers and obtaining organic yield.

  15. AGRICULTURAL USES OF SEAWEEDS EXTRACTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Popescu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Marine bioactive substances extracted from seaweed are currently used in food, animal feed, as a raw material in the industry and have therapeutic applications. Most of the products based on marine algae are extracted from Brown algae Ascophyllum nodosum. The use of extracts of seaweed in agriculture is beneficial because the amount of chemical fertilizers and obtaining organic yield.

  16. Army Industrial, Landscaping, and Agricultural Water Use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McMordie Stoughton, Kate; Loper, Susan A.; Boyd, Brian K.

    2014-09-18

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  17. Army industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water use

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoughton, Kate McMordie [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Loper, Susan A. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Boyd, Brian K. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2014-09-18

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a task for the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army to quantify the Army’s ILA water use and to help improve the data quality and installation water reporting in the Army Energy and Water Reporting System.

  18. Agricultural Multifunctionality Evolution and Research into Issues concerning Agriculture,Countryside and Farmers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xin

    2012-01-01

    From the point of view of agricultural civilization, the history of human civilization is the history of the development of the agricultural civilization. Accompanied by social progress and development of the times, the function of agriculture also experiences the expansion and deepening. In terms of economy, there is a process from mechanized farming to industrialization, then to informatization, modernization and internationalization. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has also experienced and witnessed this process. In terms of "agriculture, countryside and farmers", the content is complex, diverse, profound, sharp, and changing, constantly testing and challenging our wisdom. When the Document No.1 in 2007 targeted modern agriculture, it indicated that new connotation was integrated into agricultural multifunctionality, standing at a new starting point. At present, the function of agriculture is still deepening; there are tremendous achievements and outstanding problems concurrently in issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers. We take the agricultural multifunctionality as breakthrough point for exploration and research.

  19. Polymer in Agriculture: a Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Puoci

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In agricultural field, polymers are widely used for many applications. Although they were used, in the first time, just as structural materials (inhert polymers, in the last decades functionalized polymers revolutionized the agricultural and food industry with new tools for several applications. Smart polymeric materials and smart delivery systems helped the agricultural industryto combat viruses and other crop pathogens, functionalized polymers were used to increase the efficiency of pesticides and herbicides, allowing lower doses to be used and to indirectly protect the environment through filters or catalysts to reduce pollution and clean-up existing pollutants. This report will review the key aspects of used polymers in agricultural area, highlighting current research in this field and the future impacts they may have.

  20. Discussion on the Cultivation Industrial Organization of Sugar Stevia Leaf——the BCW Model of Agricultural Industrialization%甜叶菊种植产业组织形态初探——农业产业化经营的“BCW模式”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋小钰

    2012-01-01

    本文从我国一般农业产业化经营的讨论入手,认为我国农业产业化经营的问题成因主要有两个:一是组织纽带较弱,二是金融服务不足。继而从金融服务角度切入,提出了一个在"产业组织化程度提高与产业发展资金融通"良性循环中形成和发展"种植业产业集群"的一般农业产业化经营模式,也作为对甜叶菊种植产业组织形态的初步探索。%Based on the discussion of the general industrialized agricultural operation, this paper considers there are two causes of the management problems: the first one is the weakness of the organizational link, the second is the lackness of financial service. From the perspective of financial service, this paper advances the BCW model in the cultivation industrial organization of sugar stevia leaf.

  1. Value and Development Countermeasures for Modern Agriculture in Suzhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Weidong; JIN

    2013-01-01

    With advance of urbanization and industrialization, modern agricultural development in Chinas economic developed areas (CEDAs) is greatly restricted by traditional concept. To speed up the development of modern agriculture in CEDAs, this paper takes Suzhou City as an example from theories supporting modern agricultural development. It demonstrates agriculture in CEDAs plays an important role in adjusting supply of agricultural and sideline products, reserving rural labor employment, protecting ecological environment, increasing farmers income, and passing on agricultural culture. It contends that CEDAs should take reserving basic farmland as prerequisite; take adequate supply of primary agricultural products, protection of living environment, maintenance of agricultural landscape, and inheritance of farming culture as objectives; establish perfect modern agricultural system through firmly setting up modern agricultural value concept; increase local public finance input; increase agricultural functional value from technical and management levels, to realize increase of farmers income, promote sustainable development of agriculture, promote integrated urban and rural development, as well as harmonious development of human and nature.

  2. Promote Natural Resource Protection in Agriculture, Forestry, Husbandry and Fishery Industry through Sustainability Certification%通过可持续认证推动农林牧渔领域自然资源保护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩峥

    2012-01-01

    Sustainable development has become a common pursuant in the international world among governments and industries after the 1992 Rio Conference; but now after 2 decades, the conflict between natural resource protection and sustainable development still exists, in particular, rational development and utilization of natural resources in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industries still need promoting. Being an important consuming and trading country of agriculture, fishery, husbandry and fishery commodities, China is able to play a more proactive role in global natural resource sustainability while enhancing sustainability in domestic natural resource development. Sustainability certification is an effective market tool to tackle the conflict between natural resource protection and economic development, and it has covered quite a number of commodities in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industry, showing a strong fast-growing trend in the world. However, sustainability certification is not widely recognized in China among enterprises and consumers, neither is its role in directing companies to practice sustainable management and corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a market mechanism. Therefore, this study' s objective is to conduct an in-depth analysis on sustainability certification and provide policy recommendation in order to better utilize certification as a market driver in agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishery industry. This study first summarizes the development process and impacts of sustainability certification in the international arena by emphasizing that certified products of timber, palm oil, wild fish have become a part of the global trade as supported by many consumers in Europe, North America and other developed countries or regions. After affirming that certification has made quite some progress in motivating companies and consumers, and brought about ecological impacts on promoted the positive effect in resource

  3. The Land Grant Colleges of Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Rex R.

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the following alternatives for the colleges of agriculture: (1) continue the status quo; (2) specialize to serve the needs of a group not currently served by traditional colleges of agriculture; or (3) reduce the dependence on traditional clientele groups through more funding with grants from industries or governmental sources. Provides…

  4. Perspective On Biomass Carbon Industrialization of Organic Waste from Agriculture and Rural Areas in China%试论我国农业和农村有机废弃物生物质碳产业化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘根兴; 林振衡; 李恋卿; 张阿凤; 郑金伟; 张旭辉

    2011-01-01

    Vast sources and huge amount of bio-wastes from agriculture and animal husbandry production and municipal disposal urge optimal treatment for biomass and nutrient recycling. Developing efficient and low energyconsuming biomass carbon industry would be a final solution of these bio-wastes and for producing carbonized products to reuse them in agriculture and to satisfy municipal energy demands in agriculture production and rural life.Recently, medium and small scale biomass carbon production systems have been formulated to carbonize bio-wastes from straw and municipal waste in rural areas and supply multiple products of energy gas and bio-char and soil ameliorator, bio-pesticides amended with bio-char and bio-fuel. In particular, a biomass carbon engineering plant in rural area can provide farmer with syngas, while producing bio-char for recycling in adjacent croplands with relative low capital input. Owing to the utilization of in-situ crop straw and reuse of bio-char as soil amendment, such an engineering plant serves greenhouse gas emission reduction by avoiding biomass burning in field and offsetting coal and electricity consumption, improving agro-production by saving N fertilizer and increasing yield and cleaning rural environment for proper fate of bio-wastes. It is proposed that biomass carbon engineering technology may act as a key tool for low carbon agriculture and recycled agriculture and enhance the capacity for climate change mitigation in agriculture. Build-up of such enterprise including production system, multiple carbon products production and optimal management system would be a bright prospect for biomass waste treatment both for domestic and international competition in the potential C trading framework in the future.%我国农田秸秆和生活垃圾等农业和农村有机废弃物面广量大,其资源化处理一直没有得到根本性解决.开发高效低耗有机废弃物生物质碳工程转化产业化技术,以新型碳质

  5. Modern trends in the development of agriculture and demands on plant breeding and soil management

    OpenAIRE

    Kovačević Dušan; Lazić Branka

    2012-01-01

    Agriculture is usually developed as much and just society where there is a branch of the economy. Today, there are different directions from industry agriculture to many concepts based on ecological principles. Future of agriculture development in the XXI century will imply sustainable agriculture as the alternative to the industrial agriculture. Conventional agriculture as an intensive one has a duty to ensure maximum production in terms of quantity and qu...

  6. Tendencies in financing the agricultural and food sector under the common agricultural policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Brzozowska

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Poland, having joined the EU, became subject to regulations that significantly changed the conditions under which its food industry functioned. As markets opened up to each other, the possibilities of sale increased and competitiveness of economic entities improved. Mobilised public funds contributed, among other things, to modernisation of agricultural holdings and food industry enterprises, improvement of their competitiveness, construction of the infrastructure and multifunctional development of rural areas. The paper discusses tendencies in financing agriculture under the Common Agricultural Policy in Poland against the production and economic situation of the agricultural and food sector.

  7. 兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓问题研究%Research on Expending International Markets of XPCC’s Leading Enterprises in Agricultural Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薄彩香

    2014-01-01

    该文对兵团农业产业化龙头企业国际市场开拓状况进行分析,发现其存在番茄出口所占比重过大,国际市场进入模式相对单一,抵御国际市场风险能力较弱,缺乏国际知名品牌等问题,并从企业营销和政府保障角度提出了相应的对策和建议:实施差异化营销战略,分散国际市场开拓风险;加大产品研发投入和技术创新,提高农产品质量;积极开展境外投资合作,以多种方式进入海外市场;加强同行业合作,提高国际市场话语权;强化番茄产业化成果,打造国际知名品牌。%Analyzing the current situation of expending international markets of XPCC’s leading entreprises in agricultural industrialization, the paper finds there exist such problems as big ratios of tomato exportation, single mode of international market entry, weak strength against the international market risks, and lack of internationally renowned brands. In light of enterprise marketing and government guarantee, the paper proposes corresponding countermeasures as follows: first, practicing differentiated marketing strategy to decrease international marketing risks; second, increasing investment in product R&D and technological innovation to improve the quality of produces; third, carrying out overseas investment and cooperation to diversify the market entry mode; fourth, cooperating with peer enterprises to volume up our voice in the international market; last, enhancing the tomato industrialization to create an internationally-known brand.

  8. ENHANCEMENT OF THE CREDIT GRANTING SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuliya Evgenievna Klishina

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The credit granting system of agricultural enterprises which developed now doesn’t promote development of agricultural production in spite of the facts that are accepted and are financed by the state of the development program of agrarian and industrial complex in various directions. Financial credit relations in the sphere of agrarian and industrial complex are in a stage of formation and have no system nature, in them features of agricultural production are insufficiently considered.In article the directions of development of credit support of agricultural industry, participation of the state in system of agricultural crediting are considered, offers on forming of a three-level credit granting system of agricultural industry which is urged to provide availability of credit resources to all categories of agricultural producers are made.

  9. 77 FR 46681 - Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture; Notice of Meeting... meeting of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting... the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming communities, the seed industry,...

  10. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Li Kangmin

    2011-01-01

    The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agricu...

  11. 76 FR 5779 - Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing... interested parties that the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will hold a Fruit and Vegetable Industry...) established the Committee to examine the full spectrum of issues faced by the fruit and vegetable industry...

  12. 75 FR 8038 - Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing... interested parties that the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will hold a Fruit and Vegetable Industry...) established the Committee to examine the full spectrum of issues faced by the fruit and vegetable industry...

  13. 75 FR 47535 - Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Fruit and Vegetable Industry Advisory Committee AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing... interested parties that the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) will hold a Fruit and Vegetable Industry...) established the Committee to examine the full spectrum of issues faced by the fruit and vegetable industry...

  14. Cultural Industries in Jiangyin City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Fei

    2011-01-01

    2011 Jiangyin Cultural Industry Development Talkfest held in Beijing on the morning of September 5th,2011. There are 15 projects signed with a total investment of 1.86 billion RMB, involving video production, animation industry, cultural tourism, creative design, modern agriculture, textile industry, etc.

  15. 加快发展农业特色产业的启示与思考——基于礼县苹果产业的调研%ENLIGHTENMENT AND THINKING TO SPEED UP THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY——BASED ON LIXIAN COUNTY APPLE INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建华; 信军

    2015-01-01

    Taking the development of apple industry in Lixian county as an example,this paper analyzed the basic situation of Lixian county,described the development of apple industry according to the local natural resources ad-vantage to successfully achieve the increase of farmers ' income and agricultural efficiency,and put forward some countermeasures and suggestions on the development of apple industry. The method of comparison was used in this paper to analyze the important role of the agricultural characteristic industry in promoting farmers' income,inspiring the rural life and vigor,and promoting the agricultural sustainable development,based on the specific data of the apple industry in Lixian county. And then,it discussed some problems in the development of the characteristic ag-ricultural industry indifferent regions,such as the development difference,lack of establishing agricultural brand,low benefit of the agricultural products,production management level,low labor supply,etc. Therefore,it put for-ward some countermeasures and suggestions to promote the development of characteristic agricultural industry inclu-ding the government's overall planning,brand construction,breed improvement and technical training,cultivating leading enterprises. The results can provide a reference for the development of characteristic agricultural industry in the Midwest region.%文章以礼县苹果产业的发展为例,阐述了礼县立足县情,充分利用自然资源优势,选择发展苹果产业作为当地发展经济,实现农民增收、农业增效,探索形成一条富民强县的产业之路中取得的成效及存在的问题,并提出对策和建议.该文主要采用对比的方法,使用礼县苹果产业发展的具体数据,论述了农业特色产业对促进农民的脱贫致富、激发了农村生机和活力、夯实农业可持续发展基础发挥的重要作用,同时以礼县苹果产业为例,探讨分析了在不发达地区,农业特色产业存在区

  16. Research on Supply Chain Operation of Connecting Agriculture with Supermarkets Based on Agricultural Brokers System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of expounding the research results of using relevant knowledge about Game Theory for supply chain of agricultural products at home and abroad,we use principal-agent model in Game Theory to research the new function that the supermarkets entrust supervision and control over quality of agricultural products to agricultural brokers in the circulation model of connecting agriculture with supermarkets;then design the optimal incentive contract and influencing factors between agricultural broker and supermarket,and explain the fundamental role of agricultural brokers in the process of circulation;finally in light of the role of government in promoting development and application of agricultural brokers,put forward corresponding policy suggestions:establish government support policy;set relevant standard of industry;establish cooperative organizations of agricultural brokers.

  17. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Kangmin

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agriculture lasted for 7,000 years to get our food security on primitive crop cultivation and animal raising.

  18. AGRICULTURE: ESSENTIAL TO MINNESOTA'S ECONOMY AND ITS REGIONS AND COMMUNITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Maki, Wilbur R.; Stenberg, Peter L.; del Ninno, Carlo

    1981-01-01

    This report presents local data and related discussion on the economic importance of agriculture and agriculture-related industries in Minnesota. Statistical findings show the contribution of agriculture to Minnesota's economic base and to changes in employment, income, and population in the state and its substate regions and counties.

  19. THE IMPORTANCE OF INDUSTRY STRUCTURE: LESSONS FROM THE AUSTRALIAN WINE INDUSTRY

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Philip J.

    2001-01-01

    Transaction costs are a large proportion of the cost structure along the value chains of most industries, especially the food and beverage industries. Competition forces industries to structure their value chains to minimise transaction costs but, in agriculture, this process is commonly impeded by government intervention. In Australia, this has resulted in severe distortions to the structure of most agricultural industries. The wine industry, particularly in South Australia, has avoided or o...

  20. Fatores críticos de sucesso em projetos colaborativos na indústria de máquinas agrícolas Critical success factors in collaborative projects in industry of agricultural machinery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Euclides Reame Junior

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os projetos colaborativos de novos produtos são fundamentais para que empresas aumentem o grau de inovação em seus produtos. Bons resultados dependem da identificação de fatores críticos de sucesso (FCS e não há tais estudos na Indústria de Máquinas Agrícolas (IMA. O artigo verifica se os FCS identificados na literatura poderiam ser utilizados em levantamentos do setor e se há outros a considerar. Apresenta revisão bibliográfica e levantamento em empresa com elevado nível de maturidade em PDP frente às empresas da IMA. Empregou-se o método de estudo de caso único, do tipo incorporado. A unidade de análise são projetos do tipo colaborativo e de sucesso: dois deles no total. Identificam-se fatores que podem não ser críticos, apesar de apontados pela literatura; indica-se a existência de novos FCS e reforça-se a importância dos fatores ligados à garantia de igualdade e fatores universais de sucesso.The collaborative product development is essential for companies to increase the innovation degree of their products. Companies must follow the critical success factors (CSF in order to achieve the expected results. There is a set of papers that identified critical success factors (CSF for collaborative projects; however, there is no paper verifying those factors in Brazil, especially in the Agricultural Machinery Industry. This article aims to verify whether the CSFs identified in the literature could be used in this context. A bibliographical review was carried out to identify a CSF list. After that, a single case study was developed, using the project as unit of analysis. Two successful and collaborative projects were evaluated. The results described new CSFs and reinforced others, as factors related to relationship equality and universality.

  1. Agricultural Multifunctionality Evolution and Research into Issues concerning Agriculture, Countryside and Farmers

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Xin

    2012-01-01

    From the point of view of agricultural civilization, the history of human civilization is the history of the development of the agricultural civilization. Accompanied by social progress and development of the times, the function of agriculture also experiences the expansion and deepening. In terms of economy, there is a process from mechanized farming to industrialization, then to informatization, modernization and internationalization. The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has also ex...

  2. Production Structure of Agriculture in Huai’an City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    According to the data in 1990-2009 Huai’an Statistical Yearbook and Jiangsu Statistical Yearbook,production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is analyzed.Result shows that economic efficiency of planting industry is significantly lower than that of other industry types of agriculture;and the production structure of agriculture in Huai’an City is unbalanced and needs further optimization.The reasons for the imbalance in industrial structure are various,such as the relatively low quality of agricultural employees,the backward marketing of planting,and the lack of standardization management.Finally,corresponding suggestions are put forward,including developing education,conducting vocational training,improving the human capital stock of Huai’an City,cultivating the leading enterprises for agricultural product processing,and realizing the scale agglomeration effect of agricultural production in planting industry.

  3. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anda GHEORGHIU

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture today is a strategic point of a country's economy, providing food based on population, development of internal and external trade and manufacturing industries by supplying raw materials. For Romania, this branch is a strong point both in terms climatic (temperate, balanced relief, soil quality and at the same time is also a way of national development and convergence of rural areas to their full potential untapped. With strong reforms, well implemented, a specific legislative framework which aims to protecting private property, Romania could reduce the low efficiency and can have a sustainable agriculture. The paper aimed to present the advantages of consuming organic products, and, on the other hand, the advantages of a country in terms of organic farming. European agriculture is a competitive, market-oriented, but also protecting the environment model.

  4. Urban Agriculture Guide

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, A.J.; Jansma, J.E.; Dekking, A.J.G.; Klieverik, M.J.M.

    2007-01-01

    The Urban Agriculture Guide describes the experiences, learning moments, tips and tricks of those involved in the initiatives of urban agriculture and an indication is provided of what is required to develop urban agriculture further in the Netherlands

  5. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  6. Agricultural Education at Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Donald E.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses educational reform in the context of agricultural education. Covers a recent report on agricultural education reform by the National Academy of Sciences, state legislative initiatives, and several recommendations for the future of agricultural education. (CH)

  7. Industrial Textiles See Growth Momentum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xiangli

    2012-01-01

    Industrial textiles (tech-textiles) are specially designed with a specific function, used in the fields of industrial, medical, health, environmental protection, geotechnical and construction, transportation, aerospace, new energy, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and etc. The industrial textiles are so technical that they have found a growing range of applications with large market potential, and where they stand in terms of the development level is an important symbol to measure the comprehensive strength of national textile industry.

  8. Opportunities in the Turfgrass Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, W. F.; Long, G. A.

    1974-01-01

    The growth and development of the turfgrass industry makes it an increasingly important source of employment for vocational agriculture students in the areas of professional and research worker, managerial occupations, landscape contractor, technical superintendents and service workers. (EA)

  9. ENHANCEMENT OF THE CREDIT GRANTING SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS

    OpenAIRE

    Yuliya Evgenievna Klishina; Olga Nicolaevna Uglitskikh

    2015-01-01

    The credit granting system of agricultural enterprises which developed now doesn’t promote development of agricultural production in spite of the facts that are accepted and are financed by the state of the development program of agrarian and industrial complex in various directions. Financial credit relations in the sphere of agrarian and industrial complex are in a stage of formation and have no system nature, in them features of agricultural production are insufficiently considered.In arti...

  10. Analysis on Profit Quality of Small and Medium-sized Agricultural Enterprises: A Case Study of YM Industrial Co., Ltd in Guang’an City of Sichuan Province

    OpenAIRE

    Ling JIANG; Luo, Huawei

    2013-01-01

    For a long time, under the influence of system and environment and other factors, some small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises in China only seek growth of profit in quantity, but neglect the growth of profit in quality, leading to low profit quality. This study reasonably defines the concept of profit quality of small and medium-sized agricultural enterprises, and expounds general characteristics of high quality profit. On the basis of general factors influencing profit quality of en...

  11. A Study of the Development of Agricultural Mechanization in Kunming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wangyun; NING; Yulan; KUANG; Yonghua; ZHANG

    2013-01-01

    Kunming City has entered the rapid development stage of urbanization. In the course of building the urban modern agriculture, the agricultural mechanization of Kunming City is being faced with excellent development opportunity. In this paper, the author scientifically analyzed current development situations of agricultural mechanization in Kunming City and explored existing problems in the course of development. On the basis of analysis, the author put forward recommendations, including increasing scientific research input for agricultural machinery, supporting agricultural machinery enterprises, promoting scientific and technical innovation, taking characteristic industries (such as flowers and vegetables) as pillar industry, speeding up development of modern facility agriculture, and upgrading primary processing of agricultural products. These will play significant role in the development of agricultural mechanization in Kunming City.

  12. Overview of Ecological Agriculture with High Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Guo-qin; ZHAO Qi-guo; GONG Shao-lin; SHI Qing-hua

    2012-01-01

    From the presentation, connotation, characteristics, principles, pattern, and technologies of ecological agriculture with high efficiency, we conduct comprehensive and systematic analysis and discussion of the theoretical and practical progress of ecological agriculture with high efficiency. (i) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency was first advanced in China in 1991. (ii) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency highlights "high efficiency", "ecology", and "combination". (iii) Ecological agriculture with high efficiency is characterized by diverse organisms, good environment, good structure, powerful function, good quality, high benefit, low emission, sustainability. (iv) The yield increase and efficiency increase principle of ecological agriculture with high efficiency lies in full land use, three-dimensional light use, sufficient use of season, multi-layer water consumption, efficient fertilizer consumption, symbiosis and mutual supplement, ecological disaster reduction, recycling. (v) The typical pattern of ecological agriculture with high efficiency includes three-dimensional use pattern, biological symbiosis pattern, multi-industry combination pattern, industrial extension pattern, technology-driven pattern, environmental renovation pattern, resource recycling pattern, leisure and sight-seeing pattern. (vi) The key technologies of ecological agriculture with high efficiency include resource-saving technology, water and fertilizer regulation technology, biological technology for increasing soil fertility, disaster prevention and mitigation technology, comprehensive utilization technology, water conservation technology, structural adjustment technology, energy development technology, watershed control technology, and modern high-tech technology.

  13. Agriculture and Food Processes Branch program summary document

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-06-01

    The work of the Agriculture and Food Processes Branch within the US DOE's Office of Industrial Programs is discussed and reviewed. The Branch is responsible for assisting the food and agricultural sectors of the economy in increasing their energy efficiency by cost sharing with industry the development and demonstration of technologies industry by itself would not develop because of a greater than normal risk factor, but have significant energy conservation benefits. This task is made more difficult by the diversity of agriculture and the food industry. The focus of the program is now on the development and demonstration of energy conservation technology in high energy use industry sectors and agricultural functions (e.g., sugar processing, meat processing, irrigation, and crop drying, high energy use functions common to many sectors of the food industry (e.g., refrigeration, drying, and evaporation), and innovative concepts (e.g., energy integrated farm systems. Specific projects within the program are summarized. (LCL)

  14. Cluster Development of Zhengzhou Urban Agriculture Based on Diamond Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Based on basic theory of Diamond Model,this paper analyzes the competitive power of Zhengzhou urban agriculture from production factors,demand conditions,related and supporting industries,business strategies and structure,and horizontal competition.In line with these situations,it introduces that the cluster development is an effective approach to lifting competitive power of Zhengzhou urban agriculture.Finally,it presents following countermeasures and suggestions:optimize spatial distribution for cluster development of urban agriculture;cultivate leading enterprises and optimize organizational form of urban agriculture;energetically develop low-carbon agriculture to create favorable ecological environment for cluster development of urban agriculture.

  15. FIRM-LEVEL FORCES UNDERLYING CONCENTRATION IN AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Mussell, Al; Martin, Larry J.

    2002-01-01

    Although industry concentration in agriculture has a long history, the analysis of concentration and normative recommendations on it are a source of ongoing controversy in agricultural economics. The received approaches to the study of industry concentration are based on the structure-conduct-performance model or on the “new†empirical industrial organization literature which explicitly models competitive behaviour. However, each of these approaches wants for analysis of the specific firm-...

  16. Journal of Integrative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Aims and Scope Journal of Integrative Agriculture (JIA), formerly Agricultural Sciences in China (ASC), founded in 2002, is an official publication of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS). JIA seeks to publish those papers that are influential and will significantly advance scientific understanding in agriculture fields worldwide.

  17. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  18. Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Adjustment of Agricultural Structure on Agricultural Economic Growth in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    We conduct empirical analysis of the contribution of various sectors of agriculture in Xinjiang to agricultural economic growth,and the impact of adjustment of these sectors on agricultural economic growth.The results show that the growth of farming has the greatest force to drive the growth of total agricultural output in Xinjiang,followed by animal husbandry;the rate of contribution of these two production sectors,farming and animal husbandry,not only shows high-frequency fluctuation,but also shows reverse fluctuation;the effect arising from adjustment of farming is gradually spreading to animal husbandry,forestry and fishery one by one,but the spreading rate is low.Finally the countermeasures and proposals are put forward to further adjust agricultural structure and promote agricultural economic growth of Xinjiang under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan as follows:adjust the industrial structure steadily,address the industry convergence and broaden the income-increase channels for the farmers;strengthen the input to adjustment of agricultural structure;stick to the combination of internal adjustment and external adjustment of agricultural industry.

  19. VERTICAL INTEGRATION IN AGRICULTURE AND CONTRACT FARMING

    OpenAIRE

    Rehber, Erkan

    1998-01-01

    It has been widely argued recently that agriculture is undergoing a process of vertical integration with allied industries. One of the worldwide ways of vertical integration in agriculture is contract farming. Contract farming is a continually evolving process. Worldwide applications of contract farming have shown that the terms of contracts are shaped by their own conditions and varied from product to product. Also, each country has its own experiences. Contract farming has many advantages f...

  20. 2006 Precision Agricultural Services Dealership Survey Results

    OpenAIRE

    Linda Whipker; jay Akridge

    2006-01-01

    Precision technologies are now well-integrated into the agricultural industry – both at the farm level and at the crop input dealer level. No longer are crop input dealers only using the technologies to bring new services to their customers, they are also utilizing the technology in their own businesses to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their business operations. In early 2006, Crop Life magazine and Purdue University’s Center for Food and Agricultural Business conducted a survey...

  1. 2008 PRECISION AGRICULTURAL SERVICES DEALERSHIP SURVEY RESULTS

    OpenAIRE

    Whipker, Linda D.; Akridge, Jay T.

    2008-01-01

    Precision technologies are now well-integrated into the agricultural industry – both at the farm level and at the crop input dealer level. No longer are crop input dealers only using the technologies to bring new services to their customers, they are also utilizing the technology in their own businesses to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their operations. In early 2008, Crop Life magazine and Purdue University’s Center for Food and Agricultural Business conducted a survey for the ...

  2. Using of digestate of agricultural biogas stations

    OpenAIRE

    VERNER, Dušan

    2010-01-01

    This work deals with problems of agricultural biogas stations with the focus on using of final product of anaerobic fermentation, digestate, on agricultural soil. It evaluates its fertilizing effect in comparison to industrial fertilizers. The results showed that the fertilizing effect can improve economy of growing plants, however it depends on quality of digestate, constitution of base input material and technology of processing. It is not possible to use digestate anytime, it depends on gr...

  3. ORGANIC WASTE USED IN AGRICULTURAL BIOGAS PLANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Kazimierowicz

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Treatment of organic waste is an ecological and economical problem. Searching method for disposal of these wastes, interest is methane fermentation. The use of this process in agricultural biogas plants allows disposal of hazardous waste, obtaining valuable fertilizer, while the production of ecologically clean fuel – biogas. The article presents the characteristics of organic waste from various industries, which make them suitable for use as substrates in agricultural biogas plants.

  4. ORGANIC WASTE USED IN AGRICULTURAL BIOGAS PLANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna Kazimierowicz

    2014-01-01

    Treatment of organic waste is an ecological and economical problem. Searching method for disposal of these wastes, interest is methane fermentation. The use of this process in agricultural biogas plants allows disposal of hazardous waste, obtaining valuable fertilizer, while the production of ecologically clean fuel – biogas. The article presents the characteristics of organic waste from various industries, which make them suitable for use as substrates in agricultural biogas plants.

  5. 76 FR 48797 - Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... Agricultural Research Service Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture... on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: August 30-31, 2011. ADDRESSES: Rooms... consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming...

  6. 77 FR 26725 - Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting AGENCY... Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting dates are May 29-30, 2012, 8:30 a.m. to 5... consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food industry, farming...

  7. Analysis on Internal Growth Potential of Agriculture Under the Agricultural Structure Adjustment in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Conghua; TIAN; Hong; SHEN; Jian; DAI

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural structure adjustment has always been the important factors influencing Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth.On the basis of the planting scale,productivity and price in 2010,the paper measured the contributions made by agricultural structure adjustment to Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth through structural optimization.Linear programming model was established by Lingo software,to optimize the structure of planting,horticulture,animal husbandry in Xinjiang and analyze the internal agricultural income growth potential.After structure optimization,Xinjiang agricultural production value will reach 1231.44×108yuan and the farmers’income of production and management will reach 9851yuan.The greatest potential for Xinjiang agricultural internal income growth was husbandry accounting for 41.33% of the total production value.The next one was horticulture,whose share of the total production value has raised to 17.43% from 10%.Fruit industry and animal husbandry will become the pillars of future income growth.There are still some income growth spaces in Xinjiang internal agriculture though the agricultural structure adjustment.The agricultural production value will increase by 44.32%and farmers’production and management income will increase by 68.83%.That will be one of the most important ways to tap the future potential of agriculture internal income growth.

  8. 循环经济产业链视角下我国农业废弃物资源化发展案例研究%Research on the System of Resource Utilization for Agricultural Wastes in China f rom the Perspective of Industry Chain of Ci rcular Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郗永勤; 周雄勇

    2015-01-01

    ICCE as an ecosystem is characterized by longitudinal extension , transverse coupling and openness .ICCE realizes its development through the transverse coupling , longitudinal extension and associated symbiosis .Agricultural wastes industry is the key field in the evolution of recycle agriculture , and it's a vital approach to construct the ICCE in the industry of agricultural wastes , which is an implementation to fully release resources and energy efficiency from the upstream , midstream and dow nstream .RY agricultural production base puts the construction of ICCE as a basic thought , then comes out a new development path w hich is sustainable in economy , high-efficiency in resources and virtuous in ecological cycle , w hich provides advanced experience for the optimization and upgrading of China's agricultural waste industry .%循环经济产业链作为一个生态系统,有着纵向延伸、横向耦合和开放性的特征,通过横向耦合、纵向延伸和关联共生实现产业的发展。农业废弃物产业是我国循环型农业发展的重点领域,在农业废弃物产业中构建循环经济产业链是发展农业废弃物循环型产业的重要途径,是深度资源化利用农业废弃物,从上游、中游和下游充分释放资源能源利用效率的实现手段。RY农业生产基地以构建循环经济产业链为基本思路,走出了一条经济持续发展、资源高效利用、生态良性循环的发展道路,为我国农业废弃物产业优化升级提供了先进经验。

  9. [The archives of the ministry for agriculture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eramo, N

    1998-01-01

    The documents concern the following topics: the studies performed by the Italian Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce between 1870 and 1890 on the causes of unhealthiness of the lands around Rome and the methods to remove them, i.e. irrigation canals and agricultural transformations; the role played by the General Direction of the Land reclamation of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forests from 1929 in the realization of the interventions of hydraulic and antianopheles reclamation address to modify the environmental conditions, and in the realization of assistants services and antimalaria prophylaxis in the reclamation zones. PMID:11623690

  10. Agricultural R&D and Economic Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Dinopoulos, Elias

    1996-01-01

    The paper develops a dynamic general-equilibrium model of Schumpeterian growth which is fueled by industrial and agricultural R&D. The former is private and results in better production processes, whereas the latter is government-financed (public and applied) R&D and generates better crop varieties. The arrival of innovations in either sector is stochastic. The model is used to calculate the steady-state equilibrium and the growth-maximizing mix of agricultural and industrial R&D investments....

  11. Political Economy of Agrarian Crisis and Slow Industrialization in India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bhattacharyya, Sudipta; Abraham, Mathew; D'Costa, Anthony

    This paper uses the structuralist framework of agriculture-industry synergy in an economy to discuss the performance of the agricultural and industrial sectors in India. The industryagriculture relationship is argued to be integral to economic development as the agriculture sector supplies raw...... development and growth in the two sectors. It concludes that India has not followed the structuralist pattern of sectoral development and poor agricultural growth has not been conducive for demand led industrialization, adversely affecting factor markets for both labour and land....... materials, surplus labour to the industrial sector and acts as a source of demand for industrial goods. However, in India this relationship has been complex. This paper looks at the supply side constraints in the agricultural sector and the demand side constraints in the industrial sector to assess the poor...

  12. Analysis on the Evolution of Agricultural Structure about Pan-Yangtze River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Jiang; LIU Zhi-ying

    2010-01-01

    Starting from the definition of agricultural structure,this paper firstly analyzes the change of industrial and spatial structure of agriculture of Pan-Yangtze River Delta,then inspects the relationship between the development of economics and the evolution of agricultural structure,an the end it provides policy recommendation about the development and adjustment of agricultural structure for the future.

  13. “Real Estate Bound Agriculture”, an Exploration to the New Model of Development of Tertiary Industrialization Agriculture%“地产绑定农业”的三产化农业发展规划新模式探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董雅; 吴金泽; 赵大鹏

    2014-01-01

    本文针对新型城镇化发展时期,过往城镇化的得失进行了反思。并指出在进行城镇化建设的同时,对于“乡土社会”的保护也应该得到关注。随着中央提出《中共中央关于全面深化改革重大问题决定》,在新的土地制度改革背景下,针对农业发展的新可能,提出了新型三产化农业发展模式的探索,即“地产绑定农业”。在“地产绑定农业”的模式下,实现农业生产者从一产转向三产的生产者身份的转变,从而实现农民收入的大幅提高,优化基层村镇的产业结构,提高基层消费水平,实现村民“人”的城镇化,这样也使乡村的“乡土社会”的载体--“人”与“村落肌理”得以更好的保留。由此,也可以改善农业人口老龄化,复垦耕地维护不足,田园景观逐渐消逝等“三农”相关问题。%In this paper, in new urbanization development period, I rethought on the gains and losses for the past urbanization. During the construction of urbanization, protecting "agrestic society" should also get atention. With the central government promulgating the " Decision of CPC Central Committee on Comprehensive Deepening the Reform of Major Issues ", in the context of the new land system reform, to focus on the new possibilities for the development of agriculture, I presented an exploration to the new model of development of tertiary industrialization agriculture, that "real estate bound agriculture". In the "real estate bound agriculture" model, to achieve the change of identity of agricultural producers from the agriculture to the tertiary industry, in order to achieve a substantial increase in the income of farmers, to optimize grassroots vilage industrial structure, to improve the level of consumption of grassroots, to make the vilagers realize the "people’s” urbanization, which also makes the "agrestic society" carier - "people" and "vilage texture" beter

  14. Planning of Modern Agricultural Demonstration Zone from the Perspective of Industrial Convergence%产业融合视角下的现代农业示范区规划——兼论其旅游功能的拓展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾磊; 邢慧斌

    2011-01-01

    Features of agritourism emerging in the development of modern agriculture were analyzed, it was stressed that industrial convergence was a basic feature of modern agriculture, and modern agriculture was the integration of agriculture, science and technology, integration of agriculture, industry and trade, and integration of rural and urban areas. Agritourism was believed as the optimal carrier of expanding functions of modern agriculture combining agriculture, ecology and tourism industry. From such perspectives, causes for the loss of tourist functions in the development of agricultural demonstration zone were analyzed as: researchers and experts for the planning were from diverse fields; there was no any technical standard for the planning, or systematic planning theory and technique; there were many individual planning cases with poor applicability; there was no innovative idea brought into the tourism project planning; cultures were not fully explored for new tourist products. Key points in the expansion planning of tourist functions were proposed, it was stressed that design concepts should be changed, planning functions reoriented to match service facility planning with laws of tourism development, properly design tourist projects, focus on landscaping planning, enhance eco-environment protection and brand building.%分析了现代农业发展下的农业旅游的特点,指出产业融合是现代农业的基本特征,强调了现代农业是农业与科技的融合、农业与农工贸产业的融合、城市与乡村的融合.认为农业旅游能够将农业、生态和旅游业结合起来,是现代农业功能拓展的最佳栽体.从该视角出发,解析了农业示范区中旅游功能缺失的原因,主要集中于规划编制的研究者学科背景多元;规划尚无技术规范,缺乏体系化的规划理论和方法指导;个案规划较多,推广性较差;旅游项目的创新性不强;新旅游产品文化挖掘欠缺.提出了旅游

  15. Brazilian Agriculture and Policy Changes under GATT

    OpenAIRE

    Michael D. Helmar

    1994-01-01

    Agriculture has been central to Brazil's development from the 1500's to the mid-1900's. During this period, Brazil's economy was geared toward exporting a small number of primary products and its society was predominantly rural (Baer 1989). Since the Great Depression, and more rapidly since World War II, Brazil's population has become urbanized and the economy has been dominated by an expanding industrial sector. Many policies and investments needed to fuel industrial growth have been at the ...

  16. United States Agricultural Industry Association Success of Governance Experience and the Revelation%美国农产品行业协会成功的治理经验及启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴佩玉; 蔡建华

    2014-01-01

    Describes United States formation,legal status and principles of construction of agricultural association, organisation,authority and decision -making mechanisms,run ja on aspects such as governance,successfully summarized the experience. And to make recommendations for improvements to China's agricultural association development.%文中介绍了美国农协的形成、法律地位及构建原则,从组织架构、权力机构与决策机制、运行等几个方面对农协治理成功经验作了总结。并对我国农协发展提出了改进建议。

  17. Analysis on Function Orientation and Development Countermeasures of New Agricultural Business Entities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yang,; Wang Yan

    2016-01-01

    Along with the rapid advance of industrialization and urbanization process, fostering new agricultural business entities become inevitable for agricultural transformation and the construction of agricultural modernization in China. The status of the new agricultural business entities determines the level of modern agricultural development. In recent years, new agricultural business entities have grew rapidly. However, there are still many problems including the difficulties in financing loans, inadequate agricultural insurance system, bad implementation of agricultural subsidies, jagged agricultural talents and so on. In order to foster new agricultural business entities, countermeasures should be carried out to ensure financial support, perfect the agricultural insurance, strengthen the level of agricultural subsidies, strive to develop the degree of specialization agricultural operators and so on.

  18. Agricultural Libraries and Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Keith W., Ed.; Pisa, Maria G., Ed.

    1990-01-01

    Eleven articles address issues relating to agricultural libraries and information, including background on agricultural libraries and information, trend management, document delivery, reference services, user needs and library services, collection development, technologies for international information management, information sources,…

  19. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  20. Agricultural science policy

    OpenAIRE

    Alston, Julian M.; Pardey, Philip G.; Taylor, Michael J.

    2001-01-01

    Technological advances developed through R&D have supplied the world with not only more food, but better food. This report looks at issues raised by this changing environment for agricultural productivity, agricultural R&D, and natural resource management.

  1. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  2. Urban Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbellini, Margaret

    1991-01-01

    John Bourne High School in Queens, New York, offers an agricultural program enrolling more than 400 students. The curriculum includes agricultural career exploration, plant and animal science, summer land laboratories, and a special education component. (SK)

  3. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both systems. During......Agricultural support is a very important element in agricultural policy in many countries. Agricultural support is basically an instrument to meet the overall objectives of the agricultural policy – objectives set by society. There are a great number of instruments and ways of intervention...... in agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...

  4. Perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Education Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Globalizing the Agricultural Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathan W. Conner

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The agriculture industry is part of an interconnected world that is continually navigating complex trade regulations and cultural barriers. Graduates of School-Based Agricultural Education programs need to be prepared to positively communicate with people from all over the world and to have an understanding of international agricultural practices. The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of Tennessee School-Based Agricultural Educators towards globalizing the secondary agricultural curriculum. Twenty-six School-Based Agricultural Educators were interviewed for this study. The interviewees represented the entire state of Tennessee, including both urban and rural programs. The use of thematic analysis allowed the following five themes to emerge: (a heightened awareness of living in a globalized world, (b vision for a globalized School-Based Agricultural Education program, (c benefits of exposure to a globalized School-Based Agricultural Education program, (d preparedness to teach from a globalized perspective, and (e professional development needs. Participants recognized the importance of teaching through a globalized agricultural curriculum and the benefits students received from experiencing a globalized agricultural curriculum. However, not every participant felt prepared to teach using a globalized curriculum and suggestions for professional development were made.

  5. BOOK REVIEWS - Precision agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Stanisław Samborski; Dariusz Gozdowski

    2007-01-01

    Precision agriculture (PA) is a term, which has recently become very popular in agronomy. In short this term means crop production based on site-specific crop management (SSCM). Precision agriculture is an integrated agricultural management system incorporating different science disciplines e.g. crop science, agricultural engineering and geostatistics. It also uses numerous tools i.e., geographic information system (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), remote sensing yield monitors. Because...

  6. The Sociology of Agriculture in Transition: The Political Economy of Agriculture after Biotechnology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Pechlaner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2007, a global food crisis brought the topic of agriculture back into the public eye, and retriggered debates about the ability of agricultural industrialization to feed the world. As a nature-based process and an exception to capitalist industrialization, agriculture trends are difficult to assess. One of the more productive attempts to do so has developed conceptual tools that account for the distinction from typical capital accumulation patterns, notably Goodman,Sorj, and Wilkinson’s (1987 classic concepts of “appropriationism” and “substitutionism.” Agricultural biotechnologies are testing the limits of even these more refined conceptualizations, as the technologies’ associated proprietary framework — including seed saving restrictions, grower contracts, and patent infringement litigation — is reorganizing many traditional agricultural practices. Drawing on case studies in Mississippi, U.S. and Saskatchewan, Canada, thispaper argues that these trends suggest a need for a new concept in political economy of agriculture theory, which I term "expropriationism.” This concept identifies several aspects of an agricultural reorganization premised on legal means to enhance capital accumulation and on separating corporate ownership from liability. This accumulation strategy has important implications given the highsalience that agriculture has for society.

  7. Innovations in urban agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Schans, van der, D.A.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, van, R.

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban agriculture, including food security, income generation and environmental management.

  8. Whole Industry Chain Management Mode and Mechanism Innovation of Agriculture Industrialization: Practice and Inspiration of "Feixi Old Hens"%农业产业化的全产业链经营模式与机制创新——“肥西老母鸡”的实践及其启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄祖辉; 米松华; 陈立辉

    2011-01-01

    Not only from the social needs, but also from the law of enterprise development, management mode and mechanism innovation are vital important to further constraet the new value chain and profit mode of enterprises, extend the employment space of farmers and promote the food quality and safety. The paper took the Anhui Feixi Old Hens Group Company as a case study, and it could be found that its whole industrial chain business mode had a significant reference for development of other leading agricultural enterprises and deepening of agriculture industrialization in China.%无论从社会需求还是从企业发展规律来讲,以农业龙头企业为核心的农业产业化经营模式与机制创新对于进一步构建企业新的价值链和盈利模式、拓展农民的创业就业空间以及推进食品质量安全均具有重要意义。本文以安徽肥西老母鸡集团公司为研究案例,其生态型全产业链经营模式对于其他农业龙头企业发展以及我国农业产业化深化具有重要借鉴意义。

  9. The Agricultural Export Competitiveness and Independent Innovation in Liaoning Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guimin; WANG; Haixian; XIA

    2013-01-01

    Through the vertical and horizontal analysis of agricultural export data in Liaoning Province during the period 2006-2010,we can find that Liaoning Province has already a major exporter of agricultural products,but there is no significant increase in many indicators with great fluctuation or declining trend. Meanwhile,compared with other provinces,the competitive advantages of agricultural export in Liaoning Province are not obvious,lacking competitive potential. Analysis shows that it is a strenuous task for Liaoning Province to transform from a major exporter of agricultural products to strong export province; during the course,relying on independent innovation is the fundamental guarantee. Liaoning Province should rely on independent innovation,to create new agricultural varieties,lead the international standards of agricultural products,form the brand agriculture,and improve the agricultural industry chain.

  10. Resource Allocation of Agricultural Science and Technology R&D

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The status quo of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D(research and development)both at home and abroad,including the amount and function of agricultural science and technology research funds,human resources in the resources of agricultural science and technology R&D,the efficiency of resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D,the management system of agricultural scientific innovation and the operation status of scientific funds,is analyzed.The problems in the current resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D are put forward,including unreasonable resource allocation;low efficiency,and low efficiency of the transformation of agricultural scientific achievements.The highly effective resource allocation of agricultural science and technology R&D is analyzed from the aspects of resource allocation structure,environment,channel,spatial layout and industrial chain.

  11. Contrastive Research on Domestic and Foreign Ecological Agriculture Policies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In the first place,the definitions of ecological agriculture defined by scholars both at home and abroad are introduced.In the second place,the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture policies are expounded.Through contrastive research on the domestic and foreign ecological agriculture polices,the problems in the development of ecological agriculture in China are found.By mirroring the western experiences in developing ecological agriculture,the countermeasures and relevant suggestions are put forward from the perspective of government.The first one is to increase the subsidies from the government to ecological agriculture.The second one is to clarify the standard of ecological agriculture construction.The third one is to promote the industrialization of ecological agriculture.The fourth one is to strengthen the construction of ecological demonstration region and ecological village.

  12. 都市农业背景下加快提升种业创新能力的思考%Promoting the innovation capability of seed industry under the background of urban agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏龙平

    2014-01-01

    The paper summarizes the necessary and function of promoting the innovation capability of Shanghai seed industry,emphatically analyzes the current situation and main problems in the innovation and development of Shanghai seed industry,and proposes the measures to accelerate and enhance innovation capability of Shanghai seed industry.%归纳了加快提升上海种业创新能力的必要性和作用,重点分析了上海农作物种业创新发展现状、存在的主要问题,并提出了加快提升上海种业创新能力的建议。

  13. The Current Situation and Development Countermeasures of Creative Agriculture in Miyun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Runlian; MIAO; Tong; LIU; Mei; LI

    2013-01-01

    Creative agriculture,a new agricultural format formed by integrating agriculture,tourism and creative industries,is an important part of the urban modern agriculture. Proceeding from the functional position as an ecological conservation area,Miyun creative agriculture has obtained rapid growth,relying on its ecological resources,agricultural resources,tourist resources and leisure industry advantages. But there are still some problems. On the basis of analyzing the advantages and problems of creative agriculture in Miyun,the paper put forward the basic principles and thought pattern of developing creative agriculture in there. Besides,several countermeasures in terms of resources integration, scientific planning,exploring local cultural resources,developing theme products,constructing industrial chain,carrying out project design and creative planning,creating creative agricultural advantage brand are put forward.

  14. Evaluation of Growth of Agricultural Listed Companies Based on AHP Weighting Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong; LU; Yan; CHENG; Huan; GAO; Changhai; ZHOU; Qinqin; WANG

    2014-01-01

    Agriculture is the foundation of national economy,and agricultural development is related to the rapid development of long-term stability of the society and economy. Agriculture includes farming,forestry,animal husbandry,and fisheries. Agricultural listed company as an agricultural enterprise " leader",which directly affects the development of the entire growth of the agricultural industry development and policy,so the study of agricultural listed company’s growth is particularly important. This paper uses AHP weighting method to evaluate 2012 financial data on the growth of agricultural listed companies.

  15. 东盟五国农特产品加工业技术创新能力研究——基于专利信息分析的视角%Study on Technological Innovation Capability of Agricultural Product Processing Industries in Five ASEAN Countries:From Perspective of Patent Information Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静

    2011-01-01

    通过检索新加坡、印度尼西亚,菲律宾、泰国及越南这东盟五国在国际专利分类号为C13(糖类产品制备技术)、A23F(茶叶产品制备技术)、A22(畜禽产品制备技术)和A01G(果蔬等栽培及设施技术)这4个农特产品加工技术领域的专利数据,统计其专利申请总量、领域分布、国别申请情况及年度变化趋势.在此基础上,对五国农特产品加工业的技术创新能力进行研究和评价.最后提出我国农特产品加工业在对东盟贸易中的技术创新目标及相应的专利战略.%Through searching the patent data of the agricultural product processing technology fields including preparation technique for sugar product(IPC of C13) ,tea product( IPC of A23F) ,animal product(IPC of A 22) ,cultivated and facilities of fruits and vegetables in Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam, this paper studies the patent application statistics, the distribution area, the situation of application country and the annual trend so as to analyze the technological innovation capability of agricultural product processing industries in five ASEAN countries from the perspective of patent analysis.Then it gives some recommendations on technological innovation objective and patent strategies for agricultural product processing industry of China.

  16. A Consideration of Agriculture and Agricultural Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Gengling

    2006-01-01

    The article explores the importance of agricultulture in line with development of society. It uses examples of high productivity achieved in grain and cotton crops in lnner Mongolia and Xinjiang areas to show that the fundamental objective of agricultural science is to maximize crops through the most effective use of soil, fertilizer and water in gaining the greatest benefit from power of the sun. Agricultural science should take up relevant theories and methodologies from other sciences, such as biological science, earth science and economics. The use of information technology will have great benefits for agricultural science. It hopes the scientific communities of China can make a significant contribution to solving the problems facing our rural areas, farmers and agriculture itself.

  17. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  18. Comparative Analysis of the Development of Agricultural Listed Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of industrial division of China’s Securities Regulatory Commission,listed companies in the processing industry of agro-products and food production industry have also been incorporated into agricultural listed companies.Developmental discrepancy of agricultural listed companies is analyzed.The main manifestations are small population quantity,slow development,weak growing capacity,relatively poor rationality and unbalanced regional distribution.The internal causes of this kind of situation lie in the weak quality and inadequate developmental driving force of agricultural listed companies,while the external causes are the capital chasing and unbalanced political support of the country.Therefore,the key of quickening the development of agricultural listed companies is inner power and external competition.Thus,the political thoughts of the development of agricultural listed companies are proposed.

  19. Agricultural Biotechnology Research and Development in Hunan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Recent agricultural biotechnology research and advances in the province are reviewed. Targets and practices for biotechnological development in depth are discussed, with stress on the talent's training, new techniques' establishment and its industrialization, starting from the existing level and problems in the field in the province.

  20. Economic assessment of Dutch agricultural research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poppe, K.J.

    2008-01-01

    To cope with globalisation and other changes in the industry, in the last 20 years the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture has reorganised its system for education, extension and research considerably. It moved away from the concept of a linear process of innovation to that of an agro-innovation system. T

  1. Chinese Agricultural Industrialization Management Organization Pattern Evolution and the Development of Agribusiness firm%我国农业产业化经营组织模式的演变与龙头企业的发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴娟

    2012-01-01

    实行农业产业化经营,逐步建设现代农业,才能使我国农业从传统落后的小农经济q-走出来,进而在国际市场q-有竞争优势。龙头企业在农业产业化经营中起着至关重要的作用,居于核心地位,是联结农户与市场的纽带。我国龙头企业与农户之间的利益联结机制及模式不断变化,从最初的“公司+农户”、“龙头企业+基地”向“公司+中介+农户”及股份合作制转化。随着农业产业化的不断推进,“龙头企业+中介组织+农户”的合作组织形式逐步占据主导地位。%Agriculture, farmers and rural economy have become some of those main problems in China. In order to make Chinese agri culture step out of traditional and behindhand small rural economy, thus become more competitive, it is essential to implement agricul tural veitical coordination and to establish modern agriculture gradually. Agribusiness firm plays a crucial role in the agricultural indus trialization, and it is the joint of the farmer and market in market economy. Our country between agribusiness firm and farmer interest coupling mechanism and mode changing , From the initial "company + farmer" , " agribusiness firm + base" to the "company + in termediary + farmer" and share collaboration is made transform . With the rapid development of Chinese agribusiness firm," agribusi ness firm + intermediary + farmer" cooperation organization gradually dominate.

  2. Emergy Evaluations of Denmark and Danish Agriculture Assessing the Limits of Agricultural Systems to Power Society

    OpenAIRE

    Haden, Andrew C.

    2003-01-01

    As the process of industrialization has run its course over the twentieth century, the relative importance of agriculture as an economic activity and a means of cultural sustenance for nations has declined dramatically. In this thesis, a historical ecological-economic perspective offers insights into both the causes and effects of Danish agriculture's decline in economic importance relative to the economy of Denmark as a whole. Emergy evaluations were made of the national economy and agricult...

  3. Agricultural Education Fantasies, Facts, and Futures: A Re-Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, William E.

    1982-01-01

    The "third wave" described by Alvin Toffler necessitates the restructuring of institutions. Agricultural educators must stay flexible, open, and responsive in order to continue being needed by the nation's most vital industry. (SK)

  4. Study on Connotations and Development Strategies of Creative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liangshan; YANG; Hailing; HE

    2013-01-01

    Creative agriculture is a new agricultural type with originality as a key element, integrating agricultural production activities into creative activities such as culture and art, broadening functions of agriculture and improving added value of agricultural products. Creative agriculture is characterized by external economy, technology integration, art appreciation, high efficiency and value, and it is significant for promoting inheritance of traditional culture, optimal allocation and regeneration of resources, optimal distribution of elements, expansion of agricultural functions, construction of beautiful countryside, cultural construction of rural areas, transformation of agricultural and rural economic growth mode. With agricultural resources as the foundation, sightseeing and leisure agriculture as the breakthrough point, by means of science and technology, many regions in China have explored products of creative agriculture and presented several typical cases of creative agriculture. However, these projects are mostly restricted by problems such as poor development concept, lack of supportive policies, and ineffective industrial integration. Taking Zhejiang Province as an example, we proposed path choice, supportive system and relevant policy suggestions for the development of creative agriculture.

  5. 会展业游客旅游行为研究——以中国(中部)湖南国际农博会为例%Tourism Behavior of Exhibition Industry Tourists: A Case Study of China in Central(Hunan) International Agricultural Fair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭蝶飞; 向婧

    2012-01-01

    文章从旅游行为的视角研究会展业游客,以长沙会展业中最具代表性及典型性的中国(中部)湖南国际农博会为抽样调查对象,进行实地调研,经过对问卷调查数据进行统计分析,结合旅游行为的有关理论,揭示长沙市会展业游客所具有的人文特征及旅游消费行为特征,得出了长沙市会展业游客旅游行为的基本规律,从而为有效促进长沙会展业的可持续发展提供决策依据与理论支撑。%Exhibition industry tourists are studied from the perspective of tourism behavior in this paper.Taking the most typical representative of Changsha's exhibition industry,China in Central(Hunan) International Agricultural Fair,as the sampling investigation object,the author of this paper has found out the humanistic characteristics and tourist consumption behavior characteristics of Changsha's exhibition industry tourists and reached some conclusions on Changsha's exhibition industry tourists' tourism behavior through field research and statistical analyses of questionnaire survey data in combination with the related tourism behavior theories,which will provide the decision-making foundation and theoretical support for the sustainable development of Changsha's exhibition industry.

  6. Coexistence or contradiction? GM crops versus alternative agricultures in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Levidow, Les; Boschert, Karin

    2008-01-01

    Agricultural biotechnology (agbiotech) has intersected with a wider debate about 'sustainable agriculture', especially in Europe. Agbiotech was initially promoted as an alternative which would avoid or remedy past problems of intensive agriculture, but such claims were soon challenged. Agbiotech has extended the dominant agri-industrial paradigm, while critics have counterposed alternatives corresponding to an agrarian-based rural development paradigm. Amid controversy over environmental a...

  7. Agricultural mitigation of greenhouse gases: Science and policy options

    OpenAIRE

    Paustian, L.; Babcock, B.; Hatfield, Jerry L.; Lal, R.; McCarl, Bruce A.; McLaughlin, S.; Mosier, A.; Rice, C.; Roberton, G.P.; Rosenberg, N.; Rosenzweig, C.

    2001-01-01

    The focus of a forthcoming Council on Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST) report is to summarize and synthesize the most recent research on the potential to mitigate GHG emissions through improvements in agricultural and land management practices. The report is designed to inform policy and decision makers in government and industry, agricultural producers, environmental and other nongovernmental organizations, and the general public. A major objective of the report has been to bring t...

  8. Charles Dick: Agricultural Regulation in Santa Cruz, 1930- 1967

    OpenAIRE

    Regional History Project, UCSC Library; Dick, Charles; Jarrell, Randall

    1997-01-01

    This is the oral history of the late county agricultural commissioner, who traces the history of California's unique system of agricultural regulation and inspection, which dates from the 1880s. Dick's overview of county agriculture includes the increasing importance of pesticide regulation (which is currently a very debated issue in the strawberry industry); mechanization, changes in local crops and acreages, farm labor and unionization, and the demise of the family farm.

  9. Application of Solar Photovoltaic Water Pumping System in Hainan Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiangchun; YU; Qingqing; LIN; Xuedong; ZHOU; Zhibin; YANG

    2013-01-01

    With radical socio-economic development and strengthening of regulation of agricultural industrial structure in Hainan Province,fresh water resource becomes increasingly insufficient.Existing water-saving facilities and measures are unable to promote sustainable and stable development of local economy.This needs modern irrigation method.Solar photovoltaic water pumping system is necessary and feasible in Hainan agriculture,and will have directive significance for Hainan Province developing photovoltaic agriculture.

  10. Agricultural Production Restrictions and Market Power: An Antitrust Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Bolotova, Yuliya

    2015-01-01

    During the recent decade the organizations of agricultural producers in the national dairy, potato, egg and mushroom industries implemented various pre-production and production restriction practices with the primary objective of agricultural output price stabilization. The buyers of the affected agricultural commodities have challenged the legal status of production restrictions in a number of recent and current antitrust lawsuits, arguing that the Capper-Volstead Act, a limited antitrust ex...

  11. Mining and agriculture for development: exploring the nexus

    OpenAIRE

    Urama, Kevin Chika

    2013-01-01

    Can agriculture and mining work together to improve food security? How can policy, investment and research provide for benefits? Agriculture and mining rely on similar inputs, outputs and externalities. In both Africa and Australia the relationship between the two industries can be symbioitic or competitive, depending on the situation. Mining makes profits from its mined products. Agriculture also needs mined products such as potash for soil improvement. Mining requires upgraded or new infras...

  12. Evaluation of agricultural state support of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.M. Melnyk

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of this article is to perform a comparative analysis of methodological approaches to assessment of support of agricultural-food sector by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Trade Organization, to investigate peculiarities of the Ukrainian policy for support of agricultural industry compared to the policy of Russia, EU and the USA, and to substantiate the ways for increasing the efficiency of state support of agricultural sector in Ukraine. Volumes and levels of total support estimation of agricultural industry, levels of support of producers, consumers of agricultural products and general services in agricultural industry are analyzed with the use of information database of OECD.The results of the analysis. In Ukraine, the share of Total Support Estimate in gross national product is higher compared to Russia, the USA and EU, that is explained by greater share of agricultural industry in the economy. We used the indicator of share of Total Support Estimate in the gross value added by agricultural industry for more objective description of level of Total Support Estimate. There are essential differences between the investigated countries as for the Total Support Estimate structure. InRussia, a clear advantage is given to agricultural producers` support. In 2010, their share made almost 85% of Total Support Estimate, the remaining costs were directed to the sphere of services in agricultural industry. A similar structure of support is observed in EU countries. The main part of funds is directed to agricultural producers` support (87,2%, the share of the sphere of services is 11,5%, and the share of consumers makes 1,3%. As for 2010 in the USA, over 50% of funds were used to support the services, approximately30% to support consumers, and less than 20% to support producers of agricultural goods. The structure of support in Ukraine is characterized by lack of uniformity.Over the

  13. Workplace Safety and Health Topics: Industries and Occupations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Programs Contact NIOSH NIOSH Industries & Occupations Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir Agriculture Aircrew Safety & Health Body Art Center for Workers Compensation Studies (CWCS) Cleaning and ...

  14. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  15. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  16. Evolution of Post-war Agricultural Support Policies in China’s Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zheng; GU

    2014-01-01

    This paper revised the key agricultural support polices in China’s Taiwan after World War II,and examined the effects of policies on agricultural production and the farmers’ income. The research results showed that the support policies had a positive effect on agriculture development and contributed to the accomplishment of industrialization. China’s Mainland and Taiwan have similar agricultural production environment and share the same culture. Recommendations on agricultural support policy making in China’s Mainland were proposed.

  17. The Impact of Aging Agricultural Labor Population on Farmland Output: From the Perspective of Farmer Preferences

    OpenAIRE

    Guancheng Guo; Qiyu Wen; Jingjuan Zhu

    2015-01-01

    Chinese agriculture is facing an aging workforce which could negatively impact the industry. In this context, research is needed on how work preferences and age of farmers affect agricultural output. This paper attempts to investigate these factors to more fully understand the impact of an aging agricultural labor population on agricultural production. The results show that, in this context of aging, changes in the working-age households have a significant impact on agricultural output. Despi...

  18. Agricultural Decision Making Using North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akyuz, F.; Mullins, B.; Morlock, D.; Carcoana, R.

    2010-09-01

    . Agriculture remains the number one industry in North Dakota and its success will always be dependent on the weather.

  19. How important is agriculture and familiar agriculture agribusiness for Brazil and its states: an interregional input-output approach

    OpenAIRE

    Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins; Ichihara, Silvio Massaru; Silveira, Fernando Gaiger; Diniz, Bernando P. Campolina; Azzoni, Carlos Roberto; Moreira, Guilherme R. C.

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is estimate how important is agriculture and familiar agriculture agribusiness for Brazil and its states. To do so, the GDP for the agribusiness of these complexes is estimated for Brazil and for its 27 states. The estimation is based on an interregional input-output system constructed for the Brazilian economy. The agribusiness takes into consideration the relations between the agriculture production and the other sectors in the economy (inputs for production, industry,...

  20. The local scale, from the periphery. An analysis of the agriculture machinery industry in Las Parejas (province of Santa Fe, Argentina, in connection withits its context in the Argentine economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricio Narodowski

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks into the possibilities that local development strategies inspired in the reality of European countries may be applied to peripheral countries such as Argentina. A difference is made between a global/national context and a local one. the analysis takes into account geographical, sociological and economic discourses which, considering the Italian and French experience, among others, relativize the national scale as the axis of analysis and focus on the local birth as scale of reference. The agricultural machinery businesses of Las Parejas, in the province of Santa Fe, are used to exemplify how a medium-sized city can generate associative projects which help actors to deal with the context, though this is still a business performance and local productive networks life variable.

  1. 良好农业规范在我国茶业中的应用%Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) and its Application in the Tea Industry of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温晓菊; 鲁成银

    2008-01-01

    介绍了当前国际时兴的良好农业规范(Good Agricultural Practices,GAP)产生背景和理念,并在分析GAP 与其他质量安全管理体系关系的基础上,回顾了 GAP 发展历程及其在国内外的应用现状.基于中国茶叶行业发展情况,探讨了中国茶叶GAP今后一段时间内的研究重点及实施GAP对我国茶业的影响.

  2. Agricultural Development Bank Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Seibel, Hans Dieter

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural development banks (AgDBs), which are not viable, should either be closed, or transformed into self-reliant, sustainable financial intermediaries. Experience shows that reform is possible. Among the prominent cases are Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC, Thailand) as well as ADB/Nepal, which has been transforming its small farmer credit program into financially self-reliant local financial intermediaries owned and managed by th...

  3. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  4. Risk management in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bharat Ramaswami; Shamika Ravi; S.D. Chopra

    2003-01-01

    This monograph was written to be part of the series of studies commissioned by the Ministry of Agriculture under the rubric of "State of Indian Farmer - A Millennium Study". On the basis of existing literature, this study documents the status of our knowledge on risks of agriculture and their management. Chapter 2 discusses the evidence on the nature, type and magnitude of agricultural risks. Chapter 3 discusses farmer strategies to combat risk. In addition to the mechanisms at the level of t...

  5. Agriculture for Development

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2007-01-01

    The world's demand for food is expected to double within the next 50 years, while the natural resources that sustain agriculture will become increasingly scarce, degraded, and vulnerable to the effects of climate change. In many poor countries, agriculture accounts for at least 40 percent of GDP and 80 percent of employment. At the same time, about 70 percent of the world's poor live in rural areas and most depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. World Development Report 2008 seeks t...

  6. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millenium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  7. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  8. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon...... and this looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private...

  9. Agricultural Science and Technologv Parks Initiated in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yisheng

    2003-01-01

    @@ Agricultural S&T parks (ASTPs) constitute the bases for demonstrating modern agricultural practice engaged in intensive production and commercial operations with S&T achievements as their pillars and agricultural infrastructures as the mainstay. The emergence of ASTPs is a new economic phenomenon during the past decade, and among the 400-plus such parks, 36 are State ASTPs set up with the approval of the State Council. These ASTPs have created a benign environmental condition for the advance of agricultural science and technology in China and for the development of newand high-tech-based industries in the agricultural sector, and accordingly, they have played an important role in promoting modern agriculture, in enlivening rural economy, in increasing the income of farmers, and in restructuring agriculture.

  10. Strategic ways of economic development of agriculture in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klochko Vіtalіy M.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article provides data with respect to the modern state and tendencies of development of the agrarian sector of Ukraine. The issue of the optimal size of an agricultural enterprise is discussed in the scientific literature. The world practice shows that competitive advantages of farms are achieved through their unification for creation of various partnerships and co-operatives, which operate on the unprofitable basis. Powerful industrial enterprises, financial, trading and service structures took advantage of absence of co-operatives and monopolised production of agricultural products, holding significant areas of agricultural land on lease. Today, ten biggest Ukrainian agro-holdings have more than three million hectares of land or 7.5% of all lands. Big capital, trying to maximise profit, is specialised, as a rule, in mono-production. The article shows main ways of strategic development of agriculture in Ukraine. Depending on the main form of farm management, there are two directions of further development of agro-industrial production: development of big agro-industrial formations (branch organisation of agro-industrial production and vertical integration in the agro-industrial complex (AIC or co-operatives (territorial organisation of agro-industrial production and horizontal integration in AIC. Depending on the way selected by the state, an organisational and economic mechanism is created. The article develops conceptual grounds of state regulation of AIC in the context of development of major agro-industrial formations and agricultural service co-operatives.

  11. Agricultural Production Efficiency of Chongqing Based on DEA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Literatures about agricultural production efficiency are reviewed.Concept of DEA Method,as well as the definition methods of effective DEA and scale efficiency increase are introduced.According to the relevant statistical data in the years 1997-2007 in Chongqing Municipality,efficiency of agricultural economy is calculated from the year 1997 to 2007 by DEA method and the scale efficiency is also analyzed by taking the total output of agriculture,forestry,animal husbandry and fishery industry as the output index.And the input index includes total workforce in agriculture,forestry,animal husbandry and fishery,the total sown area of crops,the total power of agricultural machinery,chemical fertilizer application,the draft animal,and the effective irrigation area.Result shows that Chongqing City became a municipality directly under the central government;its agricultural production efficiency is still low.And the sustainable development capacity of agricultural is weak in Chongqing,and the agricultural resources are not fully used.Based on this,related suggestions are put forward to improve the agricultural production efficiency of Chongqing,such as implementing an appropriate management scale of land,improving the organization degree of peasant households and the rate of industrialization management,enhancing the quality of the rural labor force,strengthening the agricultural science and technology input and extension,perfecting the construction of rural infrastructure,and improving the rate of resource utilization.

  12. Industry Employment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

  13. Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretty, Jules

    2008-02-12

    productivity, reduced pesticide use and carbon balances. Significant challenges, however, remain to develop national and international policies to support the wider emergence of more sustainable forms of agricultural production across both industrialized and developing countries. PMID:17652074

  14. Agricultural sustainability: concepts, principles and evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pretty, Jules

    2008-02-12

    productivity, reduced pesticide use and carbon balances. Significant challenges, however, remain to develop national and international policies to support the wider emergence of more sustainable forms of agricultural production across both industrialized and developing countries.

  15. Scientific and Technological Innovation Is the Core Support of Development of New Agricultural Strategic Industry in Yunnan Province%科技创新是云南省发展农业战略性新兴产业的核心支撑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张邦朝; 谢世清; 李国治; 彭尔瑞

    2012-01-01

    文章从战略性新兴产业的概念出发,阐述了云南省发展战略性新兴产业对调整云南省经济发展方式、提升发展能力和核心竞争能力、破解“三农”问题的重要意义,从投入结构、科技转换、科技人才、服务形式等方面深入分析了制约云南省战略性新兴产业发展进程的不利因素,并提出了完善推广服务体系、教育培训体系、科技投入体系、管理运行机制等促进云南省农业战略性新兴产业发展的对策建议。%Starting from concept of the new strategic industry, the significance of developing new strategic industry for economical development mode, enhancing the development capacity and core competence, solving "three agriculture problems" in Yunnan Province was discussed in the paper. Unfavorable factors restricting new strategic industry development process in Yunnan Province were analyzed from such aspects as input framework, scientific and technological transformation, qualified technical personnel, service form, etc. Countermeasures and suggestions for developing new strategic industry in Yunnan were put forward, such as, improving science and technology extension and service system, educational training system, science and technology investing system, management and operating mechanism, etc.

  16. Technical change in US industry: A cross-industry analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, R. R. (Editor)

    1981-01-01

    The nature of the public policies which have influenced the pace and pattern of technical progress in a number of American industries is studied with the view of assessing the broad effects of these policies. The industries studied are agriculture, pharmaceuticals, semiconductors, computers, civil aircraft, automobiles and residential construction. The policies considered include research and development funding as well as government procurement, education, information dissemination, patent protection, licensing, regulations, and anti-trust policies.

  17. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ACCOUNTING AND DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AGRICULTURAL ACCOUNTING*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeki Doğan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural sector, from past to present, had assumed very important duties on economic and social development of societies. It became a globally indispensable and strategic sector due to its various attributes such as: direct/indirect contributions to population nourishment, national income, employment, capital transfers, raw material supply for industry, exportation, biological diversity and ecological balance. Since the dawn of humankind, agricultural sector had gone through a variety of phases in terms of production activities and land proprietorship. Agricultural activities that emerged in the period of hunter-gatherer societies have been superseded by today’s specialized and planned agricultural enterprises utilizing information and technology. Agricultural accounting has also experienced a significant change in parallel with those improvements. This study aims to investigate historical development of agricultural accounting and difficulties encountered during its implementation. Research studies indicate that agricultural assets were initially recorded and inventory controls were performed by Sumerians. Until the Middle Ages, agricultural accounting did not experience any development, whereas it still encounters various difficulties eve

  18. The links between science and industrialization

    OpenAIRE

    Dugan, David

    2004-01-01

    Simon Schaffer explains the links between science and industrialization. He explains the history of the Royal Institution where he is standing and the research into agriculture and chemistry which was so important.

  19. Electrification of agricultural machinery; Elektrifizierung von Landmaschinen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goetz, Manuel; Grad, Karl; Weinmann, Olrik [ZF Friedrichshafen AG, Friedrichshafen (Germany)

    2012-10-15

    As early as 2009, ZF exhibited a generator system for agricultural machinery at Agritechnica under the name Terra+ which consisted of an electric motor in the transmission housing. As part of the ElecTra project, the company is now presenting its first tractor prototype with this generator system at Agritechnica 2011. The project involves combining the electrification of the tractor's auxiliary systems with electric drives for an attachment. The electrification of the implement was carried out in cooperation with Amazone, manufacturer of implements for the agricultural industry. (orig.)

  20. Literature Review of Basic Theory for Interactive Mechanism between Cluster Brand and Corpo-rate Brand in Industry of Characteristic Agricultural Product%特色农产品集群品牌与企业品牌互动机制理论基础述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海龙

    2016-01-01

    该文通过对现有文献的梳理,阐释了特色农产品集群品牌与企业品牌之间互动关系的4大基础理论,即原产地效应、信号理论、品牌理论和生态系统理论,并指出原产地效应和品牌相关理论对特色农产品领域的相关研究具有重要意义。%This article induces four main theories for interactive mechanism between cluster brand and corporate brand in industry of characteristic agricultural product. That is theory of signaling,country of origin,ecosystem and other theory related with brand. As theoretical foundations,brand theory and country of origin are more suitable for research domain of characteristic agricultural product.

  1. Practice and Exploration on China State Farms' Process of Industrialization, Urbanization and Agricultural Modernization%浅议我国农垦在“工业化、城镇化、农业现代化”进程中的实践与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾大明

    2011-01-01

    我国农垦在“三化”进程中勇于改革,大胆实践,经济社会发展取得突出业绩,在现代化农业建设中发挥示范引领作用;当前存在着体制机制缺陷和主要矛盾,鉴于农垦的特殊性,未来发展一靠农垦深化改革实施体制机制创新,尽快改变经济发展方式,进一步提高市场竞争力,二靠国家给予政策支持。%In the process of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, China state farms bolding in the reform and practices, the economic and society development have made outstanding achievements, and been giving full play to the exemplary and guiding role on the construction of modern agriculture. At the same time, it also has some systems and mechanisms which exist some obstacles and problems. In view of the particularity, for the future development of state farms, on the one hand, it will be rely on the deepening reform and system- mechanic innovation, speeding the transformation of the economic development pattern, further improving the market competitiveness; on the other hand, it also needs more policy supports from the government.

  2. Conservation Agriculture in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Á. Kertész

    2014-03-01

    Yield performance and stability, operating costs, environmental policies and programs of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP, and climate change will likely be the major driving forces defining the direction and for the extension of CA in Europe. The role of agriculture in climate change mitigation in the EU is discussed in the paper.

  3. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  4. Managing risk in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    "This book examines the implications of risk management for policy in agriculture. Opening with a chapter on risk management principles and guidelines for policy design in agriculture, the book goes on to look at quantitative analysis of risk and then at policy in various countries." --> Publisher's description.

  5. Agriculture and food processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discuss the application of nuclear technology in agriculture sector. Nuclear Technology has help agriculture and food processing to develop tremendously. Two techniques widely use in both clusters are ionization radiation and radioisotopes. Among techniques for ionizing radiation are plant mutation breeding, SIT and food preservation. Meanwhile radioisotopes use as a tracer for animal research, plant soil relations water sedimentology

  6. Agriculture. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study investigates the impact of agriculture on the earth's atmosphere. It describes the natural carbon cycle, the socioeconomic factors that influence it, and the climate effects. The climatic relevance of gaseous sulphur and nitrogen compounds, methane and other hydrocarbons, and ammonia emissions from biological and agricultural process is discussed. (SR)

  7. Good Wetland Agricultural Practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hengsdijk, H.; Zingstra, H.L.

    2009-01-01

    Within the Guiding Agriculture Wetland Interaction (GAWI) project the Driver!Pressure!State! Impact!Response (DPSIR) approach has been adopted to describe and analyse agriculture!wetland interactions. The DPSIR approach provides a consistent framework to analyse the complex causal chain among driver

  8. Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2016-01-01

    In the agricultural sector, risks are inherent and ubiquitous, posing potentially serious consequences for stakeholders and consumers. Risks disrupt supply chains, causing extensive financial and economic losses. Agricultural risks are also the principal cause of transient food insecurity, creating a poverty trap for millions of households across the developing world that enforces a viciou...

  9. Research on Urban Agricultural Scientific Development Path of the Construction of Central Economic Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dehui; WU

    2014-01-01

    The significance of developing characteristic agriculture in Central Economic Zone was elaborated from four aspects of three modernizations coordinated development,guaranteeing city supply of agricultural products,creating more jobs for farmers,making agriculture more significant. The existing problems in urban agriculture development were analyzed,such as understanding deviation,extensive development,market confusion,short industrial chain,low degree of specialization,harsh environment. Several corresponding countermeasures were put forward,including giving full play to the role of government’s macro-control; perfecting compensation mechanism of urban agriculture,developing characteristic agriculture,promoting deep processing of agricultural products; advancing scientific innovation,improving production efficiency;operating sustainable ecological agricultural development road; relying on traffic advantage,promoting industrialization operation and urban agricultural logistics development.

  10. Economic Drought Impact on Agriculture: analysis of all agricultural sectors affected

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil, M.; Garrido, A.; Hernández-Mora, N.

    2012-04-01

    The analysis of drought impacts is essential to define efficient and sustainable management and mitigation. In this paper we present a detailed analysis of the impacts of the 2004-2008 drought in the agricultural sector in the Ebro river basin (Spain). An econometric model is applied in order to determine the magnitude of the economic loss attributable to water scarcity. Both the direct impacts of drought on agricultural productivity and the indirect impacts of drought on agricultural employment and agroindustry in the Ebro basin are evaluated. The econometric model measures losses in the economic value of irrigated and rainfed agricultural production, of agricultural employment and of Gross Value Added both from the agricultural sector and the agro-industrial sector. The explanatory variables include an index of water availability (reservoir storage levels for irrigated agriculture and accumulated rainfall for rainfed agriculture), a price index representative of the mix of crops grown in each region, and a time variable. The model allows for differentiating the impacts due to water scarcity from other sources of economic losses. Results show how the impacts diminish as we approach the macro-economic indicators from those directly dependent on water abstractions and precipitation. Sectors directly dependent on water are the most affected with identifiable economic losses resulting from the lack of water. From the management perspective implications of these findings are key to develop mitigation measures to reduce drought risk exposure. These results suggest that more open agricultural markets, and wider and more flexible procurement strategies of the agro-industry reduces the socio-economic exposure to drought cycles. This paper presents the results of research conducted under PREEMPT project (Policy relevant assessment of the socioeconomic effects of droughts and floods, ECHO - grant agreement # 070401/2010/579119/SUB/C4), which constitutes an effort to provide

  11. Industrial Chain: Industrial Vertical Definition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YifeiDu; GuojunJiang; ShimingLi

    2004-01-01

    Like value chain and supply chain, “industrial chain” becomes the focus of attention. The implication of “industrial chain” has gained a large range of extension. It not only expresses the industrial “chain” structure and relationship of “back and forward”in order or “up and down” in direction, but also it represents a cluster of large scale of firms in an area or colony. It is a network, or a community. Consequently, we conclude that “industrial chain” is a synthesis of industrial chain, industrial cluster, or industrial network.In this article, firstly we will distinguish industry chain from industry. An industry is the collection of firms that have the same attribute, so an industry can be defined by firm collection of certain attribute. We indicate that industrial chain is a kind of vertical and orderly industrial link. It is defined according to a series of specific product or service created. Secondly we analyze the vertical orderly defiinition process from the aspects of social division of labor and requirement division, self-organization system, and value analysis.Non-symmetry and depending on system or community of large scale of industrial units lead to entire industry to “orderly” structure. On the other hand, the draught of diversity and complexity of requirement simultaneously lead to entire industry to be more “orderly”. Along with processes of self-organization, industrial will appi'oach the state of more orderly and steady, and constantly make industrial chain upgrade. Each firm or unit, who will gain the value, has to establish channels of value, which we called “industrial value chain”. Lastly,we discuss the consequence of vertical and orderly definition, which is exhibited by a certain relationship body. The typical forms of industrial chain include industrial cluster, strategy alliance and vertical integration etc.

  12. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced around the world are carried out through civil organizations. Furthermore; some of these initiatives have also launched by farmers, consumers, food processors and retailers. The long-term strategies to increase these initiatives should be determined due to the fact that examples of successful sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives are inadequate and cannot be spread in Turkey. In this context, first of all, the supports provided by the government to improve agricultural marketing systems, such as EU funds for rural development should be compatible with the goals of sustainable marketing. For this purpose, it should be examined whether all proposed projects related to agricultural marketing meet the social, economic, and environmental principles of sustainable marketing. It is important that supporting organizations, especially civil society organisations, should take an active role for faster dissemination and adoption of sustainable agricultural marketing practices in Turkey. These organizations may provide technical assistance in preparing successful project proposals and training to farm groups. In addition, the other organizations, such as local administrations, producers' associations, cooperatives, can contribute to the success of sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives. The use of direct marketing strategies and vertical integration attempts in sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives that will likely be implemented in Turkey is

  13. Sustainable Agriculture: enhancing the 'neem cake'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'neem cake' is the scrap processing of the industrial chain producing neem oil and azadirachtin. The ENEA Technical Unit Environment and Sustainable Development Innovation the Agro-Industrial System, developed a promising experiment to promote the use of 'neem cake' as an insecticide, and fertilizer of low cost in sustainable agriculture.

  14. EMERGENCE OF U.S. ORGANIC AGRICULTURE: CAN WE COMPETE?

    OpenAIRE

    Klonsky, Karen; Tourte, Laura; Thompson, Gary D.; Lohr, Luanne; Krissoff, Barry

    1998-01-01

    This compilation of papers for principal papers session PP-03 at the AAEA 1998 Annual Meeting assesses the current status of the organic agriculture industry in the United States. Paper topics address production, market and certification issues faced by the industry, research challenges and emerging conditions shaping domestic and international markets.

  15. Analysis on Investment Behavior of Agricultural Sector in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Zhuo

    2015-01-01

    In the process of industrialization, China has been a big agricultural country, and the agricultural sector's economic activities have been playing important role in economic growth. This paper established the investment behavior model of agricultural enterprises on the basis of Chinese practice. And then, the model presented the important factors impacting on investment, such as financing cost, wage, and policy factors,etc. Thirdly, this paper in particular usedR-studio to estimate the impact of financing cost and policy factor on investment and capital accumulation of primary industry sector by gathering the data from 2003 to 2013. The results showed that the official interest rate of loans of financial institutions could be the proxy variable as the financing cost of agricultural enterprises, and the employment level of agricultural enterprises had negative impact on investment. Finally, this paper provided some explanations and suggestions on the basis of above results.

  16. From domestic manufacture to Industrial Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weisdorf, Jacob Louis

    2006-01-01

    The classical story of industrialization always begins with agriculture: the modernization of rural institutions, involving both the enclosure of ‘open fields' and a shift from peasant farming to larger scale capitalist farming, generates a rise in agricultural productivity, which in turn fuels i...

  17. HEALTH ASPECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.Ghiami

    1973-03-01

    Full Text Available Any form of industrialization leads to cultural changes which may be rapid and extensive, and provoke considerable stress. Such changes are particularly extensive when developing countries are rapidly industrialized. Agricultural workers who move to industrial areas may shift from barter to a monetary economy. All of this is to them an entirely new way of living and so they try to keep contact with their place of origin. As a result their new life in the city and at home is disrupted. The traditional Social Forces and moral values which formerly exercised a stabilizing influence in the peasant culture are weakened. The result may be social disorganization which can have far reaching effects on community health and lead to behavioral disorders such as delinquency, crime, drug addictions and alcoholism and contribute to an increase in incidence of mental illness. During the period of industrialization the increase of food production may not be of the same order as the increase in production of industry. With the transfer of the population from rural areas to the industrial centers some changes of diet may occur. The health problems of the workers will often be related not only the environment. The workers might be exposed to hazardous physical, chemical and biological factors.

  18. Aplicação da manufatura enxuta em uma indústria de equipamentos agrícolas Application of lean manufacturing in an industry of agricultural equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Barth Bartz

    2013-04-01

    , increasing their efficiency. The objective of this study was to decrease the lead-time required by the studied company, by practical application of just-in-time searching for lean production in a metalworking company, manufacturer of agricultural implements. To meet this purpose, a case study of qualitative and descriptive order was carried out. To collect data, observation and documental analysis were performed, in order to understand the production processes, then working with the collection of data, through structured interviews in order to identify the difficulties encountered by suppliers in providing the supplies within the agreed specifications. The company had high indexes of late delivery of their products because of the high lead-time. Through the development of the mapping of actual flow, it was found that the organization was working with a production pushed and much of the late occurred because of problems in the supply of inputs. By eliminating tasks that did not add value to the final product, a lean value flow was produced for the process, identifying the major problems which caused the suppliers to provide the supplies out of specification or out of date and suggested actions that could be implemented for the elimination of these delays. Through these actions, the reduction in lead time was observed, helping to better meet delivery deadlines, increased competitiveness, a relevant fact to keep in today's market of agricultural equipment.

  19. BOOK REVIEWS - Precision agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisław Samborski

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Precision agriculture (PA is a term, which has recently become very popular in agronomy. In short this term means crop production based on site-specific crop management (SSCM. Precision agriculture is an integrated agricultural management system incorporating different science disciplines e.g. crop science, agricultural engineering and geostatistics. It also uses numerous tools i.e., geographic information system (GIS, Global Positioning System (GPS, remote sensing yield monitors. Because of the multidisciplinary character of precision agriculture, books published on this subject differ in their content. The first books on this topic appeared in the mid 90’ of the last century. The intention of this paper is to present reviews of three books the titles of which each contains the term “precision agriculture”. The books are as follows:1 Handbook of Precision Agriculture – Principles and Applications (2006 edited by Ancha Srinivasan. 2 Precision Agriculture’05 (2005 edited by John V. Stafford 3 Precision Agriculture (2006 by Terry A. Brasse.

  20. Agricultural Development in Zambia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Søren; Hampwaye, Godfrey; Phiri, Douglas

    industry. The study, which is the first of its kind in Zambia, reveals that a major part of the interviewed firms find that they have performed above industry average the last five years. A minor part states performance below industry average. Close to 80% of the firms views government and business...

  1. 77 FR 11064 - Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... Agricultural Research Service Notice of the Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture... Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture (AC21). DATES: The meeting dates are March 5-6, 2012..., 2012. The AC21 consists of members representing the biotechnology industry, the organic food...

  2. Differential Marketing of Agricultural Products Dominated by Rural Cooperative Economic Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Guang-Ming

    2009-01-01

    Differential marketing is a strategy opposed to competitive convergence mainly characterized by seeking development in differences. Therefore, marketing of agricultural products dominated by rural cooperative economic organizations has an important practical role. Taking Manas County in Xinjiang Province as an example, agricultural marketing system dominated by rural cooperative economic organizations develops rapidly, mainly reflected in â‘ constructing agriculture industry association based...

  3. Regional diversity of agricultural labor productivity and its driving force in east China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Ziqiang; Li Jing; Lu Qi

    2009-01-01

    China's eastern area is at middle and later stage of industrialization during which the relation between ur ban and rural areas,industry and agriculture appears maladjusted The main problems are shrinkage in agricultural somparative earning and lack of driving force of agricultural development.Based on calculating agricultural labor productivity in east China from 1996 to 2005,this paper analyzes contributing degree of motive forces of agriculture develop in ten provinces and cities of east China applying GCA (Grey correlative analysis).The results show that there is no absolute correspondence between the level of industrialization and agricultural labor productivity in Chi,na's cotstern area.There is no synchronous development between industry and agricultural labor productivity in some areas.Fertilizer and agricultural machinery input had high contributing degree for ten years; however,contributing degree in land and irrigation work input was low.Non-materialization inputs became the leading role in most provinc,es and cities' increase of agricultural labor productivity.Modern agricultural development need non-materializationinputs as primary motive.force,at the same time,direct material input and facility input as guaranteed function.Forsome reasons,agricultural development is characterized by "more direct material input,less facility input" in east China now.Optimal driving force model of future agricultural development in east China is that non-materializatior inputs are dominant that perfected facilitv input are guarantee,and that certain substance inputs are necessary.

  4. How Mobile Are Resources in Chinese Agriculture?——Implications for China's Agricultural Trade Policy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Funing Zhong; Jing Zhu; Zhengqin Xie

    2007-01-01

    Agricultural trade policy in China has been the subject of heated discussion since China's accession to the WTO. Studies have been carried out and propositions put forth regarding comparative advantage, food security, development of the industry, and farmers' income.In this paper, we attempt to provide an analysis from another important perspective:resource mobility, which is an essential assumption in free trade theory. By examining the mobility of different production resources in Chinese agriculture, namely natural resources,capital inputs, human resources and institutional arrangements, we found that for most production resources in Chinese agriculture, mobility is low. The results have significant policy implications in two respects: first, protective measures in the transitional period for certain crops in certain areas in China are legitimate and necessary to ensure social stability; and second, policy instruments to improve resource mobility in Chinese agricultural should be explored and implemented to realize more trade benefit in the future.

  5. Industrial Engineering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson, Christer

    2015-01-01

    Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally).......Industrial engineering is a discipline that is concerned with increasing the effectiveness of (primarily) manufacturing and (occasionally)....

  6. Utilization of Agricultural Wastes in Stabilization of Landfill Soil

    OpenAIRE

    Nidzam Rahmat Mohamad; Redzwan Raffe Muhammad; Ismail Norsalisma

    2014-01-01

    Palm Oil Fuel Ash (POFA) and Rice Husk Ash (RHA) are local agricultural waste material from Palm Oil Industry and from Paddy Industry in Malaysia. Currently, the disposal of these ashes from a burning process is a problem to both industries, and hence leads to environmental pollution. The main aim of this research was to investigate the potential of utilizing POFA and RHA as sustainable stabilizer material as partial replacement of traditional one which is lime and Portland Cement (PC). Labor...

  7. Food and Agriculture Policy in Europe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A Birt

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Diet includes many risk factors for the most common non-communicable diseases (NCDs, but diets consumed in Europe and in other parts of the developed world are not being modified sufficiently to take account of health priorities concerning, in particular, the prevention of NCDs, while much excess mortality and morbidity could be prevented by government actions to regulate appropriately both the agricultural and food industries, and to apply appropriate taxes and subsidies to promote healthier nutrition. In Europe, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP continues to promote production of saturated fat rich foods and sugar, with scarce attempts to promote increased production of fruit and vegetables. Meanwhile, the food industry continues to market secondary food products rich in sugar, salt and saturated fats. Powerful lobbies seek to block reform; however, necessary reforms are indicated in the interests of improved nutritional health.

  8. Industry News

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China Foundry Association's exhibition received 'Golden Finger' award in China's exhibition industry On January 12, 2008, the 8th International Foundry, Forging,and Industry Furnace Exhibition, sponsored by China Foundry Association, won the 'Golden Finger' award in China exposition industry for metal processing, foundry metallurgy and forging products.

  9. Fotografische industrie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booij H

    1992-01-01

    This document on photographic industry has been published within the SPIN project. In this project information has been collected on industrial plants or industrial processes to afford support to governmental policy on emission reduction. This document contains information on the processes, emissi

  10. Construction of Circular Economy Industrial System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Man; Ye Wenhu

    2007-01-01

    It is difficult to realize the transformation from traditional economy industrial system to circular economy industrial system.Regarding primary raw materials as the indicators,the industrial system has been specified according to the divergence among the indicators and the circular utilization modes.In comparison with the association among industrial systems,the relationship among industrial sub-systems is named as industrial cross-linking in this paper.The industrial system which could completely utilize and recycle the indicators should be increased and strengthened,and the circular economy industrial system with complete industrial association and industrial cross-linking should also be constructed.Taking the development of circular agricultural system basing on the traditional agricultural system as an example,the traditional agricultural products are regarded as the indicators which have been divided into foodstuff and crop straws which are used to produce food and articlesfor use,like fertilizer,energy and papers etc.The way to construct the circular agricultural industrial system is to increase the industrial systems that could utilize the products generated from crop straws,feces and other castoffs and transform the wastewater and other trucks into environmental friendly products.It has also been pointed out that the construction of circular economy industrial system is conducive to the foundation of circular industrial economics and the establishment of the construction layout of circular economy and the application schemes.Suggestions to the theoretical and practical work of the next step have also been brought forward in this paper.

  11. America's water: Agricultural water demands and the response of groundwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, M.; Parthasarathy, V.; Etienne, E.; Russo, T. A.; Devineni, N.; Lall, U.

    2016-07-01

    Agricultural, industrial, and urban water use in the conterminous United States (CONUS) is highly dependent on groundwater that is largely drawn from nonsurficial wells (>30 m). We use a Demand-Sensitive Drought Index to examine the impacts of agricultural water needs, driven by low precipitation, high agricultural water demand, or a combination of both, on the temporal variability of depth to groundwater across the CONUS. We characterize the relationship between changes in groundwater levels, agricultural water deficits relative to precipitation during the growing season, and winter precipitation. We find that declines in groundwater levels in the High Plains aquifer and around the Mississippi River Valley are driven by groundwater withdrawals used to supplement agricultural water demands. Reductions in agricultural water demands for crops do not, however, lead to immediate recovery of groundwater levels due to the demand for groundwater in other sectors in regions such as Utah, Maryland, and Texas.

  12. Renewable energy sources in agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greenhouse crop evolution if from one hand improves the quality of products and productive cycles, from another hand cause negative effects on the natural resources, the environment and the economy of the country. Although renewable energies already feature to some extent in the European Union's regional, the 2007-2013 Structural Funds package could be the occasion to increase the weight given to RES within the energy programmes for less favoured regions (particularly in ex-objective 1 areas). In those areas, greenhouse crop sector is particularly developed as agriculture industrial activity. According to numerous investigations, agricultural greenhouse consumption for greenhouse acclimatization represents approximately between 2% to 6% of the E U's-27 total energy consumption. This report is intended to give a general overview to the potential of renewable energy and technology in Italy, particularly geothermal, wind and solar (thermic and photovoltaic) as energy for greenhouse crop sector. RES have a high potential for developing of indigenous resources, service activities, new job creation and reducing Co2 emissions.

  13. GREENHOUSE GASES AND AGRICULTURE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agriculture ranks third in its contribution to Earth's anthropogenically nhanced greenhouse effect. Energy use and production and chlorofluorocarbons are anked first and second, respectively.) pecifically, greenhouse gas sources and inks are increased, and sinks are decreased, by...

  14. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    Humans live in constant interaction with nature. That is part and parcel of being a biological creature on this planet. On one hand, humans exploit the available resources to survive, and at the same time, humans are deeply dependent on the continued capacity of nature to sustain their lives......, about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...

  15. Agricultural Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... health and safety program. Contact your state or territorial health department or use this directory of local ... producers, small business owners, youth, consumers, and rural communities nationwide. NIOSH Agricultural Safety and Health Centers conduct ...

  16. Agricultural Producer Certificates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Certified Agricultural Producer, or representative thereof, is an individual who wishes to sell regionally-grown products in the public right-of-way. A Certified...

  17. Department of Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Natural Resources Ethics Farm Bill Food and Nutrition Food Safety Forestry Housing Assistance Laws and Regulations Organic Agriculture Outreach Plant Health Research and Science Rural and Community Development Rural Opportunities Trade Travel and Recreation USDA for ...

  18. Collaboration in Agricultural Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Roland L.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Theme articles discuss environment, food, agriculture, and renewal resources as they relate to science education, learning partnerships, collaboration in Kyrghyzstan, leadership development, opportunities for collaboration, networking, and the creation of a shared course between agribusiness and biology. (JOW)

  19. Agricultural Research Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Help Popular Topics Content Popular Topics AgResearch Magazine Bee Health Image Gallery Nutrient Data Tools Plant Hardiness ... Large Display of USG Support for Agriculture and Nutrition Open Data Knowledge and Passion: A Student Intern’s ...

  20. Organic agriculture in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sukkel, W.; Hommes, M.

    2009-01-01

    Dutch organic agriculture has unique characteristics and peculiarities. It is still a relatively small sector compared to conventional agriculture in the Netherlands. However, its market share is growing and organic agriculture leads the way in terms of sustainability and innovations

  1. Brazil Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroga, Jose; Brooks, Jonathan; Melyukhina, Olga

    2005-01-01

    In June 2005, OECD members met with senior government officials from Brazil to discuss Brazilian agricultural policies and future directions, as a part of a comprehensive agricultural policy review. Ongoing dialogue with Brazil on policy issues is important to fostering a better understanding of global challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. Results of the review will be published by the OECD in 2005. This policy note provides a preview of key findings.

  2. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  3. HOMOEOPATHY IN AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Singhania, Pawan Kumar; SINGHANIA, ARCHANA

    2014-01-01

    Homoeopathy medicines have been found to be effective in human organisms. Research and application of Homoeopathy drugs in agriculture is slowly finding place. The mode of action of Homoeopathy remedies and simillinum of drug pictures for use in agriculture; basic principles of Homoeopathy and drug administration are discussed. Significant results have been observed using Homoeopathy medicines to fight stress conditions during wet conditions; during hot and dry conditions; in improving germin...

  4. Agriculture Sector Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Viktorija Stasytytė; Viktorija Dužinskytė

    2016-01-01

    Agriculture sector is characterized by a particular specificity that is not considered in other fields and because of that agriculture sector is defined as highly risky sector. Response to risk is still very im-portant and responsible activity in this field. According to this, the process and applied strategies of risk management make and ensure that the sector activity and operations are more stable and effective. The aim of the article reflects the need to distinguish the most appropriate a...

  5. Canola – Where to for WA Agriculture?

    OpenAIRE

    Pluske, Johanna M.; Lindner, Robert K.

    2001-01-01

    Canola may be marketed as oilseed, oil or meal. Supply and demand of each of the commodities is influenced by, physical factors associated with land and weather, substitute commodity competition, land-use competition, production indirectly associated with canola such as that within the livestock industry and the effects of technology and more specifically plant breeding. Furthermore, domestic agricultural and international trade policies, standard of living, and political stability of countri...

  6. Contending European agendas for agricultural innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Levidow, Les

    2012-01-01

    Amid expectations for a European ‘transition to sustainable agriculture’, there are competing transitional processes. Given the widely acknowledged harm from agro-industrial systems, ‘unsustainable agriculture’ has divergent diagnoses and innovative solutions. This rivalry can be analysed as contending innovation agendas; the analysis here combines theoretical paradigms of agricultural innovation. In an EU policy context of a Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE), there are divergent account...

  7. Political Market for Agricultural Protection, The

    OpenAIRE

    Fulginiti, Lilyan E.

    1992-01-01

    Why do poor countries tax agriculture more than other sectors, whereas rich countries subsidize farmers? Using the neoclassical economic theory of the political market for Distortionary policies, an explanation is sought by examining changes to factors affecting the supply and demand curves in that political market. The aggregate effect of these changes is a shift in both the demand curves and the supply curve to the right as industrialization proceeds.

  8. Network form of the Danish agricultural council

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graversen, Jesper Tranbjerg; Karantininis, Kostas

    The Danish Agricultural Council (DAC) is a joint committee for the Danish farmers' associations and a number of other political and professional organisations of the agri-food industry. Danish farmers are often members of both the local farmer union and at least one cooperative, and both farmer...... unions and farmer owned cooperatives are well-represented in different umbrella organizations. The DAC is analysed here as a network following methods of Social Network Analysis, see figure 1 ....

  9. Precision Agriculture: Global Prospects and Environmental Implications

    OpenAIRE

    Norton, George W.; Swinton, Scott M.

    2000-01-01

    Producers in industrialized countries have been inundated by ideas and information about precision agriculture (PA) and how new site-specific management (SSM) technologies will revolutionize their farm operations. Conjuring up 'Star Wars' imagery, farmers and their computerized machinery communicate with satellites while speeding up and down the information highway. The farm press has hailed the advent of these technologies as a win-win situation, with higher farm profits and improved environ...

  10. Design, Fabrication and Testing of Exponential Horn for Measuring Ultrasonic Attributes of Agricultural Produce

    OpenAIRE

    R Meamar Dastjerdi; S Minaiee; M. H Khoshtaghaza

    2012-01-01

    Non-destructive ultrasonic testing is one of the methods utilized to evaluate quality of agricultural produce. Transducers used in this method are made for basically industrial applications. Since ultrasonic attenuation of waves in agricultural produce is very high, industrial transducers cannot be used in agriculture and needs to be modified. This is done with horns that concentrate energy on a small area at a certain distance from the transducer. In this paper, an exponential horn was desig...

  11. EXOPOLYSACCHARIDES SYNTHESIS ON INDUSTRIAL WASTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.P.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Data from the literature and our own studies on the synthesis of microbial exopolysaccharides on various industrial waste (food industry, agricultural sector, biodiesel production, etc. are reviewed here. Utilization of industrial waste to obtain exopolysaccharides will solve not only the problem of secondary raw materials accumulation, but also will reduce the costs of the biosynthesis of practically valuable metabolites. In addition, some kinds of waste have a number of advantages compared to traditional carbohydrate substrates: aside from environmental health benefits, there are technological ones, like the presence of growth factors. There is also no need to use anti-foam substances and substrate sterilization in the latter case.

  12. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman; M. SELVARAJ; M. Syed Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally...

  13. FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Frank H. Fuller; Jacinto F. Fabiosa; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Patrick C. Westhoff; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott

    2000-01-01

    The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline in January. The FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for world agricultural markets. A companion volume, the FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook, presents the U.S. component of the ba...

  14. Ghana Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Choudhary, Vikas; D'Alessandro, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Improved agricultural risk management is one of the core enabling actions of the Group of Eight’s (G-8’s) New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition. The Agricultural Risk Management Team (ARMT) of the Agriculture and Environment Services Department of the World Bank conducted an agricultural sector risk assessment to better understand the dynamics of agricultural risks and identify appropriate responses, incorporate agricultural risk perspective into decision-making, and bui...

  15. Industrial electrification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical and economic scope for industrial process electrification in Canada is assessed in the light of increasing costs of combustion fuels relative to electricity. It is concluded that electricity is capable of providing an increasing share of industrial energy, eventually aproaching 100 percent. The relatively low cost of electricity in Canada offers industry the opportunity of a head start in process electrification with consequent advantages in world markets both for industrial products and for electrical process equipment and technology. A method is described to promote the necessary innovation by providing access to technology and financing. The potential growth of electricity demand due to industrial electrification is estimated

  16. The relationship between agricultural technology and energy demand in Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was two fold: (i) to investigate the casual relationship between energy consumption and agricultural technology factors, and (ii) electricity consumption and technological factors in the agricultural sector of Pakistan. The study further evaluates four alternative but equally plausible hypotheses, each with different policy implications. These are: (i) Agricultural technology factors cause energy demand (the conventional view), (ii) energy demand causes technological factors, (iii) There is a bi-directional causality between the two variables and (iv) Both variables are causality independent. By applying techniques of Cointegration and Granger causality tests on energy demand (i.e., total primary energy consumption and electricity consumption) and agricultural technology factors (such as, tractors, fertilizers, cereals production, agriculture irrigated land, high technology exports, livestock; agriculture value added; industry value added and subsides) over a period of 1975–2010. The results infer that tractor and energy demand has bi-directional relationship; while irrigated agricultural land; share of agriculture and industry value added and subsides have supported the conventional view i.e., agricultural technology cause energy consumption in Pakistan. On the other hand, neither fertilizer consumption and high technology exports nor energy demand affect each others. Government should form a policy of incentive-based supports which might be a good policy for increasing the use of energy level in agriculture. - Highlights: ► Find the direction between green technology factors and energy demand in Pakistan. ► The results indicate that there is a strong relationship between them. ► Agriculture machinery and energy demand has bi-directional relationship. ► Green technology causes energy consumption i.e., unidirectional relationship. ► Agriculture expansion is positive related to total primary energy consumption.

  17. 三峡环库多业共生耦合循环农业生态系统初构%Establishment of integrative circular agro-ecology system for multiple agricultural industries in Three Gorges Reservoir Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊伟; 熊棣文; 王久臣; 汤文志※; 孔文斌; 曾卓华; 欧阳柬; 刘明; 王国华; 黄明

    2013-01-01

    land in the hot and humid rainy summer, hence the hydro-fluctuation belt fail to intercept, absorb and filtrate the agricultural surface source pollution, which cause the increased pollution in the Yangtze River. The contradiction of the economic development and the environmental protection is severe.

  18. Comprehensive Evaluation on Agricultural Structure and Correlation of Agricultural Internal Structure——A Case of Yimeng Mountainous Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the relevant data from Chinese Statistical Yearbook, the overall agricultural structure and the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are analyzed. The status quo of the agricultural and the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are analyzed through the method of comprehensive appraisal of the improved factors. The safety coefficient of the comprehensive appraisal is from 2.626 696 to 4.987 546,which is exclude in the safety extent, so it needs adjusting. At the same time, the internal relations of the internal structure of agriculture in Yimeng Mountainous area are studied by using the relativity analysis. The overall agricultural structure of Yimeng Mountainous area is in negative correlation to planting structure and forestry structure, and in positive correlation to livestock breeding industry; the plating structure is in negative correlation to livestock breeding structure and in positive correlation to forestry structure and the forestry structure is in negative correlation to livestock breeding structure.

  19. Industrial Waste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Thomas Højlund

    2011-01-01

    Industrial waste is waste from industrial production and manufacturing. Industry covers many industrial sectors and within each sector large variations are found in terms of which raw materials are used, which production technology is used and which products are produced. Available data on unit...... generation rates and material composition as well as determining factors are discussed in this chapter. Characterizing industrial waste is faced with the problem that often only a part of the waste is handled in the municipal waste system, where information is easily accessible. In addition part...... of the industrial waste may in periods, depending on market opportunities and prices, be traded as secondary rawmaterials. Production-specificwaste from primary production, for example steel slag, is not included in the current presentation. In some countries industries must be approved or licensed and as part...

  20. 7 CFR 1219.15 - Industry information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HASS AVOCADO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1219.15 Industry... efficiency, and enhance the image of Hass avocados and the Hass avocado industry in the United States....