WorldWideScience

Sample records for agricultural exemption

  1. 49 CFR 1039.10 - Exemption of agricultural commodities except grain, soybeans, and sunflower seeds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemption of agricultural commodities except grain... REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS § 1039.10 Exemption of agricultural commodities except grain, soybeans, and sunflower seeds. The rail transportation of the commodities listed below is exempt from the provisions of...

  2. 29 CFR 780.405 - Exemption is direct and does not mean activities are agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agriculture. 780.405 Section 780.405 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION... EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture or Irrigation That Is Exempted From the Overtime...

  3. 25 CFR 162.205 - Can individual Indian landowners exempt their agricultural land from certain tribal leasing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... agricultural land from certain tribal leasing policies? 162.205 Section 162.205 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN... leasing policies? (a) Individual Indian landowners may exempt their agricultural land from the application of a tribal leasing policy of a type described in § 162.203(b) through (c) of this subpart, if...

  4. Exemption of ICMS in the agriculture sector: impacts on the economy of the state of Mato Grosso do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayra Batista Bitencourt Fagundes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to analyze the impacts of the exemption of ICMS incident in agriculture and livestock, on the growth and economical development of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, as well as its effects on tax revenues. For this, we used the quantitative method described in the composition and analysis of sector revenue, about prices and quantities, and Input-Output Matrix of the state. Therefore, it was found that with the exemption there are increases in production, employment, income and intersectorial relations, because agriculture and livestock area key sectors for the economy of the state. Regarding tax revenue there is a reduction. However, the period of tax recovery is less than one year. Therefore, the results show that this policy has positive impacts on economic growth and development.JEL-Code | E62; O13; R15.

  5. Agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The report entitled Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation : A Canadian Perspective, presents a summary of research regarding the impacts of climate change on key sectors over the past five years as it relates to Canada. This chapter on agriculture describes how climate change will affect primary agriculture production in Canada with particular focus on potential adaptation options, and vulnerability of agriculture at the farm level. Agriculture is a vital part of the Canadian economy, although only 7 per cent of Canada's land mass is used for agricultural purposes due to the limitations of climate and soils. Most parts of Canada are expected to experience warmer conditions, longer frost-free seasons and increased evapotranspiration. The impacts of these changes on agriculture will vary depending on precipitation changes, soil conditions, and land use. Northern regions may benefit from longer farming seasons, but poor soil conditions will limit the northward expansion of agricultural crops. Some of the negative impacts associated with climate change on agriculture include increased droughts, changes in pest and pathogen outbreaks, and moisture stress. In general, it is expected that the positive and negative impacts of climate change would offset each other. 74 refs., 2 tabs., 1 fig

  6. 7 CFR 301.80-2b - Exempted articles. 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempted articles. 1 301.80-2b Section 301.80-2b....80-2b Exempted articles. 1 1 The articles hereby exempted remain subject to applicable restrictions under other quarantines. (a) The following articles are exempt from the certification and permit...

  7. 29 CFR 780.329 - Exempt work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt work. 780.329 Section 780.329 Labor Regulations... AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture... Provisions § 780.329 Exempt work. (a) The standard that must be used to determine whether the...

  8. 7 CFR 985.58 - Exempt oil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempt oil. 985.58 Section 985.58 Agriculture... HANDLING OF SPEARMINT OIL PRODUCED IN THE FAR WEST Order Regulating Handling Volume Limitations § 985.58 Exempt oil. Oil held by a producer or handler on the effective date of this subpart shall not...

  9. 29 CFR 780.12 - Work exempt under another section of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Work exempt under another section of the Act. 780.12... AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Introductory § 780.12 Work exempt under another section of the Act. The combination (tacking) of exempt...

  10. 7 CFR 3565.6 - Inclusion of tax-exempt debt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inclusion of tax-exempt debt. 3565.6 Section 3565.6... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.6 Inclusion of tax-exempt debt. Tax-exempt financing can be used a source of capital for the guaranteed loan....

  11. 75 FR 51036 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... exemption: EPA authorized the use of linuron on lentils to control mayweed chamomile or dog fennel (Anthemis... Department of Agriculture Specific exemption: EPA authorized the use of linuron on lentils to control...

  12. 29 CFR 780.605 - Employment in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment in agriculture. 780.605 Section 780.605 Labor... POLICY OR INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE... Agriculture and Livestock Auction Operations Under the Section 13(b)(13) Exemption Requirements for...

  13. 75 FR 28608 - Calcium Hydroxide; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... AGENCY Calcium Hydroxide; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment... exemption request from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to use the pesticide calcium hydroxide (CAS No... has requested the Administrator to issue a quarantine exemption for the use of calcium hydroxide...

  14. 29 CFR 780.509 - Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agriculture. 780.509 Section 780.509 Labor Regulations... INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF... Section 13(a)(14) Shade-Grown Tobacco § 780.509 Agriculture. The definition of “agriculture,” as...

  15. 7 CFR 989.72 - Exemption of educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption of educational institutions. 989.72 Section... educational institutions. The committee may exempt, wholly or in part, from the volume regulation provisions... or institutions incidental to or in connection with teaching, experimental, or research...

  16. 29 CFR 780.307 - Exemption for employer's immediate family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for employer's immediate family. 780.307 Section... 13(a)(6) Statutory Provisions § 780.307 Exemption for employer's immediate family. Section 13(a)(6)(B... case of “any employee engaged in agriculture * * * if such employee is the parent, spouse, child,...

  17. 29 CFR 780.606 - Interpretation of term “agriculture.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture and Livestock Auction Operations Under the Section 13(b)(13) Exemption Requirements for Exemption § 780.606 Interpretation of term “agriculture.” Section 3(f) of the Act, which...

  18. 29 CFR 570.123 - Agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agriculture. 570.123 Section 570.123 Labor Regulations... Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended Exemptions § 570.123 Agriculture. (a) Section... agriculture outside of school hours for the school district where such employee is living while he is...

  19. 40 CFR 180.1089 - Poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine; exemption from the requirement of tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine; exemption... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1089 Poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine; exemption from the requirement... biochemical nematicide poly-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine on a variety of agricultural crops....

  20. 9 CFR 130.49 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... States for testing for foreign animal diseases. (b) ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions. 130.49 Section 130.49 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  1. 29 CFR 780.611 - Workweek exclusively in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Workweek exclusively in agriculture. 780.611 Section 780... AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture and Livestock Auction Operations Under the Section 13(b)(13) Exemption...

  2. 29 CFR 780.519 - General scope of exempt operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Employment or Agricultural Employees in Processing Shade-Grown Tobacco; Exemption From Minimum Wage and... operations. All operations normally performed in the processing of shade-grown tobacco for use as cigar... controlled. Proper heat control includes, among other things, breaking up the bulk, redistributing...

  3. 40 CFR 180.1100 - Gliocladium virens isolate GL-21; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Gliocladium virens isolate GL-21... RESIDUES IN FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1100 Gliocladium virens isolate GL-21; exemption from the... the biofungicide Gliocladium virens GL-21 in or on all raw agricultural commodities when used...

  4. 29 CFR 780.210 - The typical hatchery operations constitute “agriculture.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Agriculture as It Relates to Specific Situations Hatchery Operations § 780.210 The typical hatchery operations constitute “agriculture.” As stated in § 780.127, the typical...

  5. 29 CFR 780.607 - “Primarily employed” in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false âPrimarily employedâ in agriculture. 780.607 Section 780... AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Employment in Agriculture and Livestock Auction Operations Under the Section 13(b)(13) Exemption...

  6. 29 CFR 780.128 - General statement on “secondary” agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General statement on âsecondaryâ agriculture. 780.128... APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Practices Exempt Under âsecondaryâ Meaning of...

  7. 29 CFR 780.104 - How modern specialization affects the scope of agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How modern specialization affects the scope of agriculture... EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT General Scope of Agriculture Introductory § 780.104 How modern...

  8. 29 CFR 780.200 - Inclusion of forestry or lumbering operations in agriculture is limited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... agriculture is limited. 780.200 Section 780.200 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR... REGULATIONS EXEMPTIONS APPLICABLE TO AGRICULTURE, PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES, AND RELATED SUBJECTS UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Agriculture as It Relates to Specific Situations Forestry...

  9. 78 FR 24738 - Ethylene Oxide; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... exemption request from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection... sterilization. This notice does not constitute a decision by EPA on the application itself. The regulations... action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. The...

  10. 76 FR 6095 - Commodity Options and Agricultural Swaps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-03

    ....'' See 75 FR 65586, Oct. 26, 2010. In addition to the provisions on swaps in an agricultural commodity... related to the price of one or more commodities.'' (See 72 FR 66099, note 7, Nov. 27, 2007). As discussed... Agricultural Commodity Definition, 75 FR 65586, Oct. 26, 2010. \\18\\ ``The term `exempt commodity' means...

  11. The value added tax. The impact of procedures applyed to agricultural producers (reverse charge, quota reducing and the exemption from VAT). Case study: wheat, flour, bread and bakery products

    OpenAIRE

    Toma, Mircea

    2014-01-01

    The introduction or elimination, increase or decrease of taxes and contributions, theoretical and practical, can not ignore the direct and / or underlying effects (collateral) on chain: Financial institutions - Suppliers of inputs - Agricultural producers - En-gross traders - Processing industry - En-detail traders - Consumer - State Budget. Solutions require transparency, solidarity, equity, social justice in the distribution of efforts and usufruct(profit) for the whole chain parti...

  12. 12 CFR 233.4 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... FUNDING OF UNLAWFUL INTERNET GAMBLING (REGULATION GG) § 233.4 Exemptions. (a) Automated clearing house... business are exempt from this regulation's requirements for establishing written policies and...

  13. 29 CFR 784.137 - Relationship of exemption to exemption for “offshore” activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship of exemption to exemption for âoffshoreâ...(a)(4) Exemption § 784.137 Relationship of exemption to exemption for “offshore” activities. The... Fleming v. Hawkeye Pearl Button Co., 113 F. 2d 52; cf. McComb v. Consolidated Fisheries, 174 F. 2d 74)....

  14. 18 CFR 420.43 - Exempt use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempt use. 420.43... MANUAL BASIN REGULATIONS-WATER SUPPLY CHARGES Charges; Exemptions § 420.43 Exempt use. The following uses shall be exempt from charge: (a) Non-consumptive uses of less than 1,000 gallons during any day,...

  15. 32 CFR 806b.37 - Exemption types.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption types. 806b.37 Section 806b.37 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM Privacy Act Exemptions § 806b.37 Exemption types. There are two types of exemptions permitted by...

  16. 12 CFR 203.3 - Exempt institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempt institutions. 203.3 Section 203.3 Banks... DISCLOSURE (REGULATION C) § 203.3 Exempt institutions. (a) Exemption based on state law. (1) A state-chartered or state-licensed financial institution is exempt from the requirements of this regulation if...

  17. 77 FR 28799 - Animal Welfare; Retail Pet Stores and Licensing Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-16

    ..., testing, experimentation, exhibition, or for use as a pet; or any dog at the wholesale level for hunting...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service 9 CFR Parts 1 and 2 RIN 0579-AD57 Animal Welfare; Retail Pet Stores and Licensing Exemptions AGENCY: Animal and Plant Health Inspection...

  18. 76 FR 11453 - Dinotefuran; Receipt of Application for Emergency Exemption, Solicitation of Public Comment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-02

    ... Agriculture (TDA) has requested the Administrator to issue a specific exemption for the use of dinotefuran on.... According to the TDA request, the populations of rice stink bug have been increasing in rice growing areas... bugs to survive and reproduce than would be possible when only a single crop is harvested....

  19. 78 FR 3420 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-16

    ... public interest. A notice of receipt published in the Federal Register on November 9, 2011 (76 FR 217... available to control citrus canker in grapefruit and significant economic losses will occur if this disease..., 2012. Contact: Andrea Conrath. New Mexico Department of Agriculture Specific Exemption: EPA...

  20. 40 CFR 180.32 - Procedure for modifying and revoking tolerances or exemptions from tolerances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Procedure for modifying and revoking... FOOD Procedural Regulations § 180.32 Procedure for modifying and revoking tolerances or exemptions from... modifying or revoking a tolerance for a pesticide chemical residue on raw agricultural commodities...

  1. 5 CFR 1304.4606 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURES POST EMPLOYMENT CONFLICT OF... technological information are exempt from these prohibitions. (2) A former Government employee may be exempted... Federal Register. The certification shall state that the former Government employee has...

  2. Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The four geophysical methods predominantly used for agricultural purposes are resistivity, electromagnetic induction, ground penetrating radar (GPR), and time domain reflectometry (TDR). Resistivity and electromagnetic induction methods are typically employed to map lateral variations of apparent so...

  3. 5 CFR 2502.17 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Reproduction § 2502.17 Exemptions. (a) 5 U.S.C. 552 exempts from all of its publication and disclosure... Administration shall upon request, assist the White House office in performing its role of providing those... 1974 are exempt from disclosure to the public except as provided by 5 CFR part 2504....

  4. 45 CFR 5b.11 - Exempt systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exempt systems. 5b.11 Section 5b.11 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.11 Exempt systems. (a) General policy. The Act permits certain types of specific systems of records to be exempt...

  5. Are LCCEs Exempt from Income Taxes?

    OpenAIRE

    Philipsen, Nayna Campbell

    2002-01-01

    Lamaze International Certified Childbirth Educators (LCCEs) may incorporate as tax-exempt organizations under the federal tax law if they meet all of the outlined requirements. They may then be considered exempt from income taxes for the purpose of any law that refers to tax-exempt organizations.

  6. 29 CFR 570.126 - Parental exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Parental exemption. 570.126 Section 570.126 Labor... Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended Exemptions § 570.126 Parental exemption. By... place of a parent may employ his own child or a child in his custody under the age of 16 years in...

  7. Nitrate pollution due to agriculture, project report No.3: should the polluter pay?

    OpenAIRE

    Parsisson, David; Hanley, N; Clive L. Spash

    1994-01-01

    The Polluter Pays Principle is a well-established guiding force behind the regulation of polluters in the OECD. Agriculture, however, has frequently been exempt from this principle. This paper considers the reasons for this exemption, with particular reference to the control of nitrate pollution. After outlining the problems in applying many standard pollution control policies to nitrates, we move on to analyse the Nitrate Sensitive Areas scheme in the UK, which is a voluntary subsidy sche...

  8. Preferential treatment and exemption policy impacts energy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports on the preferential treatment and exemption policy of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for State and State Agencies which creates an anticompetitive and restraint of trade attitude in California against the development of alternative energy resources by the private sector when such development competes directly with state owned power generation under the State Water and Central Valley Water Projects, particularly in the area of water and power supply. The existing state water policy fails to address the effects of global warming and the adverse potential of the greenhouse effect in California, i.e. rising tides can seriously impact sea water intrusion problems of the San Francisco Bay-Delta Area by not only flooding agricultural lands in the Delta and Central Valley, but impacting the supply of water to large population areas in Southern and Northern California, especially when coupled with drought conditions. The California investigative research results herein reported demonstrates the fallacy of a preferential treatment and exemption policy in a free market economy, especially when such policy creates the potential for excessive state budget burdens upon the public in the face of questionable subsidies to special interest, i.e., allowing the resulting windfall profits to be passed onto major utilities and commingled at the expense of public interest so as to undermine the financial means for development of alternative energy resources. The cited Congressional and State Legislative Laws which provide the ways and means to resolve any energy or water resource problems are only as good as the enforcement and the commitment by the executive branch of government and the lawmakers to up-hold existing laws

  9. Agricultural sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The applications of nuclear technology in agriculture sector cover the use of the technology at every aspects of agricultural activity, starting from the seed to harvesting as well as the management of plantations itself. In this sector, a total of 55 entities comprising 17 public agencies and 38 private companies were selected for the study. Almost all, 91 % of them are located in Peninsular Malaysia; the rest operates in Sabah and Sarawak. The findings of the study in the public agencies and private companies are presented in the next sections. (author)

  10. Agricultural methanization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having briefly outlined the interest of the development of methanization of agricultural by-products in the context of struggle against climate change, and noticed that France is only now developing this sector as some other countries already did, this publication describes the methanization process also called anaerobic digestion, which produces a digestate and biogas. Advantages for the agriculture sector are outlined, as well as drawbacks and recommendations (required specific technical abilities, an attention to the use of energetic crops, an improved economic balance which still depends on public subsidies, competition in the field of waste processing). Actions undertaken by the ADEME are briefly evoked

  11. 29 CFR 793.20 - Exclusive engagement in exempt work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... LABOR STANDARDS ACT Workweek Application of Exemption § 793.20 Exclusive engagement in exempt work. An employee who engages exclusively in a workweek in work which is exempt under section 13(b)(9) is exempt... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exclusive engagement in exempt work. 793.20 Section...

  12. 19 CFR 148.53 - Exemption for tools of trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption for tools of trade. 148.53 Section 148.53 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Other Exemptions § 148.53 Exemption for tools of trade. (a) Exemption....

  13. 75 FR 3053 - Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... Labor Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions; Notice #0... LABOR Employee Benefits Security Administration Application Numbers and Proposed Exemptions AGENCY: Employee Benefits Security Administration, Labor. ACTION: Notice of Proposed Exemptions. [Application...

  14. Agricultural radioecology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The problem of radioactive pollution of ecosystems is discussed. The total deposition of 90Sr and 137Cs after the nuclear experiments in 1945-1963 and the contamination rate of main foodstuffs are assessed. Data about radionuclide dynamics in soil, raw materials, forage, milk, milk products and wheat after the Chernobyl accident are presented for various regions of Bulgaria and are compared with the total fallout contamination. The trends in milk and forage contamination for some regions are discussed. Quantitative radiochemical methods for determination of 90Sr and 137Cs are discussed. Migration of 135Cs, 90Sr and 131J is followed in soil, forage, animal organism and human food chains respectively and ways of decontamination are discussed. Radiation effects on biogeocenoses are described. The problem of agriculture management under the conditions of durable soil contamination after nuclear accidents is considered. Recommendations for monitoring and protection of agricultural personnel are presented. 53 refs., 31 tabs., 93 figs

  15. Alternative Agriculture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Will the popularization of bioenergy, a new source for powering China, trigger another agricultural revolution? Skyrocketing energy prices, especially the oil shock in the first half of 2005, are pushing China to seek more substitutes for gasoline. A number of cities are turning to ethanol-blended gas made from com. Starting this month, the sale of regular gasoline will be brought to an end in nine of China's

  16. Agricultural problems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although there were not reasons to deplore against major activity release from any of the 110 industrial reactors authorized to operate in US, the nuclear incident that occurred at the Three Mile Island Plant in 1979 urged the public conscience toward the necessity of readiness to cope with events of this type. The personnel of the Emergency Planning Office functioning in the frame of US Department of Agriculture has already participated in around 600 intervention drillings on a federal, local or state scale to plan, test or asses radiological emergency plans or to intervene locally. These exercises allowed acquiring a significant experience in elaborating emergency plans, planning the drillings, working out scenarios and evaluation of the potential impact of accidents from the agricultural point of view. We have also taken part in different international drillings among which the most recent are INEX 1 and RADEX 94. We have found on these occasions that the agricultural problems are essential preoccupations in most of the cases no matter if the context is international, national, local or of state level. The paper poses problems specifically related to milk, fruits and vegetables, soils, meat and meat products. Finally the paper discusses issues like drilling planning, alarm and notification, sampling strategy, access authorizations for farmers, removing of contamination wastes. A number of social, political and economical relating problems are also mentioned

  17. Micro-economic modelling of biofuel system in France to determine tax exemption policy under uncertainty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liquid biofuel support program launched in 1993 in France is implemented through tax exemptions to biofuels produced by agro-industrial chains. Activity levels are fixed by decree and allocated by the government to the different chains. Based on earmarked budget increase voted in the parliament, total quantity of biofuels will be increased by 50% in the horizon 2002-2003. A micro-economic biofuel activity model containing a detailed agricultural sector component, that is represented by 700 farms, is used to estimate costs and surpluses generated by the activity at the national level as well as tax exemption levels. Furthermore, Monte Carlo simulation has been used to search for efficient tax exemptions policies in an uncertain environment, where biofuel profitability is significantly affected by petroleum price and soja cake prices. Results suggest that, for the most efficient units both at the industry level (large size biomass conversion units) and at the agricultural sector level (most productive farms), unitary tax exemptions could be decreased by 10-20% for both biofuels, ethyl ether and methyl ester, with no risk for the viability of any existing chain

  18. 75 FR 4295 - Premanufacture Notification Exemption for Polymers; Amendment of Polymer Exemption Rule to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-27

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 723 RIN 2070-AD58 Premanufacture Notification Exemption for Polymers; Amendment of Polymer Exemption Rule to Exclude Certain Perfluorinated Polymers AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: EPA is amending the polymer exemption rule, which provides...

  19. Tax exemption for biofuels in Germany: Is bio-ethanol really an option for climate policy?

    OpenAIRE

    Henke, Jan Michael; Klepper, Gernot; Schmitz, Norbert

    2003-01-01

    Last year the German Parliament exempted biofuels from the gasoline tax. The promotion of biofuels is being justified by allegedly positive effects on climate, energy, and agricultural policy goals. The paper takes a closer look at bio-ethanol as a substitute for gasoline. We analyze the basic conditions that provide the setting for the production and promotion of biofuels and show that the production of bio-ethanol in Germany is not competitive. Using energy and greenhouse gas balances we de...

  20. Department of Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Safety Forestry Housing Assistance Laws and Regulations Organic Agriculture Outreach Plant Health Research and Science Rural and ... Agricultural Research Agricultural Statistics Economic Research Food and Agriculture Research OPEDA Scholarship Program MARKETING AND TRADE Exporting ...

  1. 29 CFR 780.406 - Exemption is from overtime only.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption is from overtime only. 780.406 Section 780.406...(b)(12) The Irrigation Exemption § 780.406 Exemption is from overtime only. This exemption applies only to the overtime provisions of the Act and does not affect the minimum wage, child...

  2. 28 CFR 16.84 - Exemption of Immigration Appeals System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of Immigration Appeals System... MATERIAL OR INFORMATION Exemption of Records Systems Under the Privacy Act § 16.84 Exemption of Immigration...) Decisions of the Board of Immigration Appeals (JUSTICE/BIA-001). This exemption applies only to the...

  3. 5 CFR 551.207 - Professional exemption criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Exemptions and Exclusions § 551.207 Professional exemption criteria. To qualify for the professional exemption, an employee's primary duty must be the performance of... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Professional exemption criteria....

  4. 21 CFR 1308.34 - Exempt anabolic steroid products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempt anabolic steroid products. 1308.34 Section... SUBSTANCES Exempt Anabolic Steroid Products § 1308.34 Exempt anabolic steroid products. The list of compounds, mixtures, or preparations that contain an anabolic steroid that have been exempted by the...

  5. Agriculture ideas and modernization of agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Li Kangmin

    2011-01-01

    The development of agriculture has its own history from primitive agriculture, traditional agriculture to modem agriculture. Is it a historical road we must follow?Human being had experienced a long history of living on collection and hunting for about 2,000 to 3,000 millenniums since human being appeared on earth. After we settled down, another 10 millenniums passed. Human being began to cultivate crops and raise animals. Thus, we entered the primitive agriculture stage. The primitive agricu...

  6. 40 CFR 87.7 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 87.7 Section 87.7 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF AIR... exemptions. (f) No state or political subdivision thereof may attempt to enforce a standard...

  7. 10 CFR 1045.8 - Procedural exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NUCLEAR CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION Program Management of the Restricted Data and Formerly Restricted Data Classification System § 1045.8 Procedural exemptions... Classification. (b) A request for an exemption shall be made in writing to the Director of Classification...

  8. 40 CFR 211.110 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 211.110 Section 211.110 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS PRODUCT NOISE LABELING General Provisions § 211.110 Exemptions....

  9. 40 CFR 205.5 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 205.5 Section 205.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS General Provisions § 205.5 Exemptions....

  10. 34 CFR 5b.11 - Exempt systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Chief Information Officer, Regulatory Information Management Group, Washington, DC 20202-4651. (f... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt systems. 5b.11 Section 5b.11 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education PRIVACY ACT REGULATIONS § 5b.11 Exempt systems. (a)...

  11. 48 CFR 2804.506 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Exemptions. 2804.506 Section 2804.506 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE General ADMINISTRATIVE MATTERS Electronic Commerce in Contracting 2804.506 Exemptions. Pursuant to FAR 4.506(b),...

  12. 15 CFR 30.37 - Miscellaneous exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Miscellaneous exemptions. 30.37 Section 30.37 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE FOREIGN TRADE REGULATIONS Exemptions From the Requirements for the...

  13. 40 CFR 721.45 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 721.45 Section 721.45 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT... person has applied for and has been granted an exemption for test marketing the substance for...

  14. 32 CFR 319.13 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... PROGRAM DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY PRIVACY PROGRAM § 319.13 Specific exemptions. (a) All systems of records maintained by the Director Intelligence Agency shall be exempt from the requirements of 5 U.S.C... has been properly classified. (b) The Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, designated the systems...

  15. Exemption values and measurements in international comparison

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Activities are developed worldwide to systematically derive exemption limits or exemption values (IAEA, ICRP, Radiation Protection Ordinance) for different applications according to uniform principles. An important step in this regard is the adoption of the new guideline of the EU Council on radiation protection. Also regarding a uniform definition of the exemption of material from nuclear installations, agreement should be reached soon in Europe. Due to different concepts of ultimate disposal of radioactive wastes, in particular low level wastes, internationally there is no prospect of a uniform regulation concerning the exemption of very low level wastes, while in Germany a corresponding recommendation has already been made by the radiation protection commission. The exemption limits valid at present are mentioned. (orig./HP)

  16. Sustainable Agriculture: An Update

    OpenAIRE

    Tisdell, Clement A.

    2012-01-01

    Provides some background on concerns about the sustainability of agriculture, outlines and discusses views about what constitutes sustainable agriculture and contrasts the sustainability of modern industrialised agriculture with that of traditional agriculture. Then the question is considered (taking into account the available evidence) whether organic agriculture is more sustainable than non-organic agriculture. Barriers to switching from non-organic to organic agriculture are mentioned. The...

  17. Agricultural Tariff Tracker

    Data.gov (United States)

    Foreign Agricultural Service, Department of Agriculture — The Agricultural Tariff Tool is a web application that queries tariff schedules and rate information resulting from Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). All...

  18. 22 CFR 503.8 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... information. We may withhold records whose release could reasonably be expected to disclose the identity of a... violence. (h) Exemptions eight and nine—Records on financial institutions and records on wells....

  19. Exclusion, exemption, clearance European Union approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The presentation overviews the following issues: Euratom Basic Safety Standards; administrative requirements; radiation protection of the population. Scope of the Standards: natural radiation sources; exclusion. Exemption; Clearance; Import of radioactive scrap metal

  20. 32 CFR 292.6 - FOIA exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (DIA) FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT § 292.6 FOIA exemptions... footnote 1 to § 292.3(a)(3). 5 Forward requests to: Defense Intelligence Agency, ATTN: DSP-1A...

  1. Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geophysical methods continue to show great promise for use in agriculture. The term “agricultural geophysics” denotes a subdiscipline of geophysics that is focused only on agricultural applications. The Handbook of Agricultural Geophysics was compiled to include a comprehensive overview of the geoph...

  2. Sustainable agriculture - selected papers

    OpenAIRE

    Krasowicz, Stanisław; Wrzaszcz, Wioletta; Zegar, Jozef St.

    2007-01-01

    The concept of research on socially sustainable agriculture. Features of sustainable agriculture. Sustainability of private farms in the light of selected criteria. Subsistence agricultural holdings and the sustainable development of agriculture. Sustainable farms in the light of the FADN data. Description of organic holdings in Poland.

  3. Transforming Vietnamese Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2016-01-01

    Over the past quarter century, Vietnam’s agricultural sector has made enormous progress. Vietnam’s performance in terms of agricultural yields, output, and exports, however, has been more impressive than its gains in efficiency, farmer welfare, and product quality. Vietnamese agriculture now sits at a turning point. The agricultural sector now faces growing domestic competition - from cities, ...

  4. 46 CFR 530.13 - Exceptions and exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...; (2) Forest products; (3) Recycled metal scrap; (4) New assembled motor vehicles; and (5) Waste paper or paper waste. (b) Commission exemptions. Exemptions from the requirements of this part are...

  5. 75 FR 22175 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... Federal vision standard applicable to interstate truck and bus drivers and the reasons for the denials. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  6. 78 FR 76394 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... Federal vision standard applicable to interstate truck and bus drivers and the reasons for the denials. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  7. 77 FR 12361 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-29

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... Federal vision standard applicable to interstate truck and bus drivers and the reasons for the denials. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  8. 78 FR 47818 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-06

    ... FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical Programs Division, (202... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  9. 76 FR 69793 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... Federal vision standard applicable to interstate truck and bus drivers and the reasons for the denials. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  10. 76 FR 25763 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... Federal vision standard applicable to interstate truck and bus drivers and the reasons for the denials. FMCSA has statutory authority to exempt individuals from the vision requirement if the...

  11. 28 CFR 36.404 - Alterations: Elevator exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Alterations: Elevator exemption. 36.404... Alterations: Elevator exemption. (a) This section does not require the installation of an elevator in an... facility has an elevator....

  12. 21 CFR 1310.12 - Exempt chemical mixtures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Ergotamine and its salts 8676 Not exempt at any concentration Chemical mixtures containing amount of any ergotamine, including its salts, are not exempt. Ethylamine and its salts 8678 20% by Weight or...

  13. 77 FR 64181 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-18

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision...; Diabetes Mellitus AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY:...

  14. 9 CFR 317.400 - Exemption from nutrition labeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption from nutrition labeling. 317... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION LABELING, MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS Nutrition Labeling § 317.400 Exemption from nutrition labeling. (a) The following meat or meat food products are exempt from...

  15. 9 CFR 381.500 - Exemption from nutrition labeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption from nutrition labeling. 381... INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Nutrition Labeling § 381.500 Exemption from nutrition labeling. (a) The following poultry products are exempt from nutrition labeling:...

  16. 9 CFR 590.650 - Exempted plant registration number.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exempted plant registration number... Egg Products Plants § 590.650 Exempted plant registration number. Each plant processing egg products... Number” at the time the exemption approval is provided....

  17. 75 FR 57329 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... established its diabetes exemption program, based on the Agency's July 2000 study entitled ``A Report to... case exempting these applicants from the diabetes standard in 49 CFR 391.41(b)(3) is likely to achieve... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  18. 21 CFR 801.127 - Medical devices; expiration of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. 801.127 Section 801.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.127 Medical devices; expiration of exemptions. (a) If...

  19. 46 CFR 531.10 - Excepted and exempted commodities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Excepted and exempted commodities. 531.10 Section 531.10... ARRANGEMENTS Exceptions and Implementation § 531.10 Excepted and exempted commodities. (a) Statutory exceptions... or paper waste. (b) Commission exemptions. The following commodities and/or services are not...

  20. 22 CFR 505.14 - Specific exemptions (Subsection (k)).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Specific exemptions (Subsection (k)). 505.14... exemptions (Subsection (k)). The specific exemptions focus more on the nature of the records in the system of...) Subsection (k)(1). Records which are specifically authorized under criteria established under an...

  1. 26 CFR 26.2632-1 - Allocation of GST exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Allocation of GST exemption. 26.2632-1 Section...-1 Allocation of GST exemption. (a) General rule. Except as otherwise provided in this section, an individual or the individual's executor may allocate the individual's $1 million GST exemption at any...

  2. 16 CFR 1702.7 - Justification for the exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Justification for the exemption. 1702.7... PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS § 1702.7 Justification for the exemption. The justification for the exemption... grounds: (a) If the justification is based on a lack of need for special packaging to protect...

  3. 9 CFR 590.660 - Inspection of exempted plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Inspection of exempted plants. 590.660... Products Plants § 590.660 Inspection of exempted plants. Duly authorized representatives of the Administrator shall make such periodic inspections of exempted plants and records thereof as the...

  4. 75 FR 60862 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... renew exemptions at the end of the 2-year period. The comment period ended on September 16, 2010 (75 FR...-0174] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety... decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier...

  5. 26 CFR 1.501(a)-1 - Exemption from taxation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Exemption from taxation. 1.501(a)-1 Section 1.501... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Exempt Organizations § 1.501(a)-1 Exemption from taxation. (a) In... law or regulations or for other good cause, an organization that has been determined by...

  6. 48 CFR 252.229-7002 - Customs exemptions (Germany).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Customs exemptions... of Provisions And Clauses 252.229-7002 Customs exemptions (Germany). As prescribed in 229.402-70(b), use the following clause: Customs Exemptions (Germany) (JUN 1997) Imported products required for...

  7. 17 CFR 36.2 - Exempt boards of trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempt boards of trade. 36.2... Exempt boards of trade. (a) Eligible commodities. Commodities eligible under section 5d(b)(1) of the Act to be traded by an exempt board of trade are: (1) Commodities having— (i) A nearly...

  8. 40 CFR 720.38 - Exemptions for test marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions for test marketing. 720.38... CONTROL ACT PREMANUFACTURE NOTIFICATION Applicability § 720.38 Exemptions for test marketing. (a) Any person may apply for an exemption to manufacture or import a new chemical substance for test...

  9. Exemption

    OpenAIRE

    Chant, Sylvia

    2014-01-01

    As part of her work on gender and poverty in The Gambia, Sylvia Chant has collaborated with Dr Isatou Touray, Founder and Executive Director of the NGO, GAMCOTRAP. GAMCOTRAP has since the 1980s been engaged, inter alia, in the struggle to eliminate Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), which affects over two-thirds of the female population in the country. Aside from GAMCOTRAP’s contributions to drafting a parliamentary bill to outlaw FGM, the organisation has also worked in several communities at ...

  10. ABC's of monitoring federal tax exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanborn, A B; MacKelvie, C F

    1988-10-01

    Congress and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) are taking a close look at the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as it applies to Catholic institutions' activities. Although most Catholic institutions' exempt status is secured by reserved power organizational characteristics, it would behoove healthcare leaders to become familiar with the tax system and the IRS operation and, if necessary, make appropriate accommodations. They should understand what triggers an IRS audit and the audit process itself. The IRS subjects exempt institutions to organizational and operational tests. It deems that a healthcare entity is organized exclusively for an exempt (and charitable) purpose when that entity's articles of incorporation: 1. Limit the organization's purposes to charitable purposes. 2. Limit the organizations's activities to those which further its exempt purposes only, with other purposes furthered in only an insubstantial way. 3. Limit activities to those specified in IRC Section 501(c)(3). 4. Limit distribution of the organization's assets on dissolution to another organization with a like or similar exempt purpose. 5. Limit legislative and bar political activities Although most Catholic healthcare entities are "tax managed" conservatively, from an operational perspective, they often enter into transactions that the IRS considers "red flags." Some of these "red flag" transactions involve: Joint venture operations. Physician recruitment and physician handling plans. Rental/lease arrangements. Defined compensation plans. Hospital productivity plans. Profit-sharing plans. Contingent compensation arrangements. Acquisition, mergers, and divestitures. Taxable subsidiaries and unrelated business income. PMID:10290390

  11. Innovations in urban agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schans, van der J.W.; Renting, Henk; Veenhuizen, Van René

    2014-01-01

    This issuehighlights innovations in urban agriculture. Innovation and the various forms of innovations are of particular importance because urban agriculture is adapted to specific urban challenges and opportunities. Innovation is taking place continuously, exploring the multiple fundions of urban a

  12. Agricultural policy schemes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henning Otte

    2016-01-01

    Agricultural support is a very important element in agricultural policy in many countries. Agricultural support is basically an instrument to meet the overall objectives of the agricultural policy – objectives set by society. There are a great number of instruments and ways of intervention in...... agricultural policy and they have different functions and impacts. Market price support and deficiency payments are two very important instruments in agricultural policy; however, they belong to two different support regimes or support systems. Market price support operates in the so-called high price system...... given by means of direct support, while market prices are left undistorted at, or close to, world market level. The two different support systems have very different implications for agricultural production, financing, markets, and other aspects; still, there is an income transfer to agriculture in both...

  13. Agricultural science policy

    OpenAIRE

    Alston, Julian M.; Pardey, Philip G.; Taylor, Michael J.

    2001-01-01

    Technological advances developed through R&D have supplied the world with not only more food, but better food. This report looks at issues raised by this changing environment for agricultural productivity, agricultural R&D, and natural resource management.

  14. Traditional Agriculture and Permaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierce, Dick

    1997-01-01

    Discusses benefits of combining traditional agricultural techniques with the concepts of "permaculture," a framework for revitalizing traditions, culture, and spirituality. Describes school, college, and community projects that have assisted American Indian communities in revitalizing sustainable agricultural practices that incorporate cultural…

  15. Machine vision in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Gouws, J.

    1996-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the use of machine vision in agriculture. Agriculture is practised in a more natural environment than most industrial undertakings, implying that agricultural automation requires robotic systems with well developed sensory abili­ties. For such systems, machine vision is an essential component. In this paper examples are used to show that the use of machine vision is already widespread in agriculture, and that there are many more potential applications for t...

  16. BOOK REVIEWS - Precision agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Stanisław Samborski; Dariusz Gozdowski

    2007-01-01

    Precision agriculture (PA) is a term, which has recently become very popular in agronomy. In short this term means crop production based on site-specific crop management (SSCM). Precision agriculture is an integrated agricultural management system incorporating different science disciplines e.g. crop science, agricultural engineering and geostatistics. It also uses numerous tools i.e., geographic information system (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), remote sensing yield monitors. Because...

  17. Industralization of Animal Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Oya S. Erdogdu; David Hennessy

    2003-01-01

    The economic concerns and the technological developments increased control over nature and nurture in the animal agriculture. That changed the seasonality pattern of the supply side and lead to structural change in the animal agriculture together with the demand side factors. In this study we focused on the supply side factors and document the ‘industralization’ of the animal agricultural production.

  18. Cambodian Agriculture in Transition

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank Group

    2015-01-01

    This report seeks to understand the successes, challenges and opportunities of Cambodia’s agricultural transformation over the past decade to derive lessons and insights on how to maintain future agricultural growth, and particularly on the government’s role in facilitating it. It is prepared per the request of the Supreme National Economic Council and the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry ...

  19. A Consideration of Agriculture and Agricultural Science

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Gengling

    2006-01-01

    The article explores the importance of agricultulture in line with development of society. It uses examples of high productivity achieved in grain and cotton crops in lnner Mongolia and Xinjiang areas to show that the fundamental objective of agricultural science is to maximize crops through the most effective use of soil, fertilizer and water in gaining the greatest benefit from power of the sun. Agricultural science should take up relevant theories and methodologies from other sciences, such as biological science, earth science and economics. The use of information technology will have great benefits for agricultural science. It hopes the scientific communities of China can make a significant contribution to solving the problems facing our rural areas, farmers and agriculture itself.

  20. AGRICULTURAL POLICIES AND COMPETITION IN WORLD AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Duma

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural policies have had a guiding role inagriculture development and implicitly in their marketing. Usually they belongto each state and government and are issued in accordance with their specificclimate, social-economic and cultural background which includes food andgastronomic traditions. Agricultural policies have in view home and foreignmarket demand, as well as the socio-demographic, political and military contextat a certain point in the socio-economic development

  1. Banking services aid tax-exempt investments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, R W; Leonard, P A

    1987-04-01

    Many not-for-profit hospitals are facing a severe capital shortage. Their traditional sources of funding--government grants, philanthropy, and appropriations--have dramatically declined. Increasingly, these hospitals are turning to the tax-exempt bond market for their capital. It is important for the financial manager to understand the elements and the process of tax-exempt financing. One crucial element is the investment banker who handles the project's financing. This article focuses on the financing services investment banking firms provide to hospitals and explains how much these services will cost. PMID:10280840

  2. Agricultural science and ethics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gjerris, Mickey; Vaarst, Mette

    2014-01-01

    , about 20 % of the world's coral reefs and 35 % of the mangrove areas were lost (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In the following, the development of agricultural science will be sketched out and the role of ethics in agricultural science will be discussed. Then different views of nature that have...... shaped agriculture and the role of science in agriculture will be discussed by analyzing some of the presumptions behind the concept of ecosystem services and the way animals are viewed. Finally, the concepts of animal welfare and sustainability will be explored to show how they make vivid the connection...... between agricultural science and ethics....

  3. Reorganization of Agricultural Extension toward Green Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad S. Allahyari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Considering unsustainable agricultural conditions of Iran and organizational recession and inability of current extension organization to achieve sustainability, it seems that extension systems require a new organizational structure to achieve sustainability objectives. The purpose of the present study was to identify the most appropriate characteristics for extension organization toward green agriculture in Iran context. Approach: To fulfill this objective, a sample of 120 respondents was selected through simple random sampling technique. A survey study was applied as a methodology of research. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect the data. The response rate of questionnaire was 65.83% (N = 79. Appropriate descriptive statistics such as mean scores, standard deviations and variation ratio were used. Results: Extension experts believed that among important organizational characteristics of extension system for supporting green agriculture collaboration among research, extension, education organizations, farmers' associations, NGOs, rural credit agencies, transportation companies, considering local groups and learning organization had very high importance for supporting green agriculture. According to factor analysis, the implications for extension organization were categorized into two groups consisting: (1 Holistic organizations (2 Participatory organizations that those factors explained 67.54% of the total variance of the research variables. Conclusion: Identifying suitable extension mechanisms had important role for developing extension system. Therefore, identifying extension organizational characteristics for supporting green agriculture of Iran is one of the major approaches needs to be carefully thought and accurately implemented for the extension system development.

  4. MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE VS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz KUSZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows the correlation between the need to modernise agriculture and sustainable development. Modernisation of agriculture aiming only at increasing the efficiency of production, if implemented in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, enabled reduction in the negative external effects. Modernisation of agriculture is supposed to ensure productivity growth without imposing any threats to the natural environment and the well-being of animals, reduced impoverishment in rural areas as well as to ensure food security, growth in the profitability of farms, improvement to the efficiency of use of natural resources. Therefore, in the near future, the agriculture – environment relation will be subject to change taking into account, on the one hand, concern about the natural environment, and, on the other, pressure on increasing the efficiency of production. The above challenges will be addressed by the need to implement efficient and, at the same time, environmentally-friendly production technologies and relevant legal instruments which oblige agricultural producers to protect the natural environment.

  5. 76 FR 69662 - Methacrylic Polymer; Tolerance Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... exemption. 6. The polymer is not a water absorbing polymer with a number average molecular weight (MW... average molecular weight (in amu): 2,900 * * * * * * * BILLING CODE 6560-50-P ... Findings In the Federal Register of July 6, 2011 (79 FR 39358) (FRL-8875-6), EPA issued a notice...

  6. 22 CFR 1102.8 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Exemptions. 1102.8 Section 1102.8 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES SECTION...) Could reasonably be expected to disclose the identity of a confidential source, including a State,...

  7. 21 CFR 21.61 - Exempt systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... criminal law enforcement purposes, in the Food and Drug Administration Privacy Act Record Systems listed in... records compiled by the Food and Drug Administration in a criminal law enforcement investigation where the... enforcement purposes, including criminal law enforcement purposes, are exempt under 5 U.S.C. 552a(j)(2) and...

  8. 32 CFR 310.28 - General exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... criminal law enforcement process from arrest or indictment through the final release from parole... law-enforcement activities of a DoD Component. (c) To qualify for the (j)(2) exemption, the system of... any activity pertaining to the enforcement of criminal laws, such as the U.S. Army...

  9. 7 CFR 12.5 - Exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... created by a water delivery system, irrigation, irrigation system, or application of water for irrigation, (C) A nontidal drainage or irrigation ditch excavated in non-wetland, or (D) A wetland converted by... commenced under this section lost its exempt status if such activity as not completed on or before January...

  10. 14 CFR 1206.300 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions. 1206.300 Section 1206.300 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION AVAILABILITY OF AGENCY RECORDS TO MEMBERS... reasonably be expected to endanger the life or physical safety of any individual. (8) Contained in or...

  11. 39 CFR 266.9 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION PRIVACY OF INFORMATION § 266.9 Exemptions...; (E) Constitute unwarranted invasions of the personal privacy of third parties who are involved in a... provisions on suits to enforce subsection (d) inapplicable. (vii) If one of these systems of records...

  12. 16 CFR Appendix to Part 460 - Exemptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the unfair or deceptive acts or practices to which the rule relates. In response to petitions from industry representatives, the Commission has granted exemptions from specific requirements of 16 CFR part... other than new home sellers when they participate with a new home seller to advertise and promote...

  13. 41 CFR 60-1.5 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Exemptions. 60-1.5 Section 60-1.5 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... society, or if the curriculum of such school, college, university, or other educational institution...

  14. 40 CFR 147.102 - Aquifer exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aquifer exemptions. 147.102 Section 147.102 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS...) Granite Point. (ii) McArthur River Field. (iii) Middle Ground Shoal Field. (iv) Trading Bay Field. (3)...

  15. 22 CFR 1101.9 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... established by an executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy, and... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Exemptions. 1101.9 Section 1101.9 Foreign Relations INTERNATIONAL BOUNDARY AND WATER COMMISSION, UNITED STATES AND MEXICO, UNITED STATES...

  16. 32 CFR 321.13 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... informed decision-making by the Department when making required suitability, eligibility, and qualification... name: Case Control Management System (CCMS). (2) Exemption: (i) Investigatory material compiled for law... access to the disclosure accounting could alert the subject of an investigation to the existence...

  17. 32 CFR 320.12 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... this paragraph. The decisions to release information from these systems will be made on a case-by-case..., which contain isolated items of properly classified information. (b) System identifier and name: B0210..., generic information currently published in the system notice, an exemption from this provision...

  18. 40 CFR 69.41 - New exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... at 40 CFR 58.20, but will, for these purposes, be averaged by the hour, starting on the hour. (3) The... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false New exemptions. 69.41 Section 69.41... 1-hour averages, starting on the hour. If the average wind direction for a given hour is from...

  19. 21 CFR 710.9 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REGISTRATION OF COSMETIC PRODUCT ESTABLISHMENTS § 710.9 Exemptions. The following classes of persons are not... registration is not justified: (a) Beauty shops, cosmetologists, retailers, pharmacies, and other persons and organizations that compound cosmetic products at a single location and administer, dispense, or distribute...

  20. 5 CFR 1632.5 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... confidential source and, in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course... tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct, or disposition of a particular case of formal... MEETINGS § 1632.5 Exemptions. (a) Except in a case where the Board finds that the public interest...

  1. 29 CFR 570.72 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions. 570.72 Section 570.72 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR REGULATIONS CHILD LABOR... and declarations of fact in § 570.71(a) shall not apply to the employment of any child as...

  2. 37 CFR 102.34 - Specific exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... are within this exemption are: COMMERCE/PAT-TM-6, COMMERCE/PAT-TM-7, COMMERCE/PAT-TM-8, COMMERCE/PAT.../DEPT-14; (D) Attorneys and Agents Registered to Practice Before the Office—COMMERCE/PAT-TM-1; (E...—COMMERCE/PAT-TM-2; and (F) Non-Registered Persons Rendering Assistance to Patent...

  3. Machine vision in agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Gouws

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides an overview of the use of machine vision in agriculture. Agriculture is practised in a more natural environment than most industrial undertakings, implying that agricultural automation requires robotic systems with well developed sensory abili­ties. For such systems, machine vision is an essential component. In this paper examples are used to show that the use of machine vision is already widespread in agriculture, and that there are many more potential applications for this technology. It is also indicated that machine vision in agriculture does not only hold potential financial advantages, but that it can also contribute to improved quality of life for agricultural workers, and even for farm animals.

  4. Agricultural Occupations Programs Planning Guides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stitt, Thomas R.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A set of program planning guides that include seven areas (1) Agricultural Production, (2) Agricultural Supplies and Services, (3) Agricultural Mechanics, (4) Agricultural Products, (5) Ornamental Horticulture, (6) Agricultural Resources, and (7) Forestry, were developed and introduced to high school applied biological and agricultural occupations…

  5. Urban Agriculture : Sustainability Multiplier

    OpenAIRE

    Årevall, Agnieszka Janicka

    2013-01-01

    For some years now, the phenomena of urban agriculture have been present in the public discourse on cities and sustainability. It is often assumed that urban agriculture has the potential to contribute to an increased sustainability of the cities. However, many practical and theoretical obstacles might have to be overcome in order to realize this potential. One ambition of this thesis is to analyse urban agriculture as a “sustainability multiplier” – that is, as a practice that can positively...

  6. Agriculture and riparian areas

    OpenAIRE

    Krueger, William C.

    1994-01-01

    Agriculture has historically been based in the subirrigated riparian ecosystems. Often the engineering and agricultural practices have altered the systems and many of the associated ecological processes. In the Western United States, the most common agricultural practices affecting riparian systems has been livestock grazing. Effects have been both positive and negative. Lack of management has deteriorated many of these systems. Current research has shown what types of management have been su...

  7. Biosurfactants in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Sachdev, Dhara P.; Cameotra, Swaranjit S.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and ...

  8. Vulnerability in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Znaor, Darko

    2009-01-01

    The impact from climate change on agriculture is expected to be significant because of the vulnerability of agriculture to climate conditions in general. Precipitation, temperature, weather extremes and evaporation rates all impact production. Agriculture is important to the economy of Croatia due to its overall value and its impact on food security, vulnerable populations, and the employment it generates. In 2001, 92% of Croatia was classified as rural and 48% of the Croatian population live...

  9. Risk management in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bharat Ramaswami; Shamika Ravi; S.D. Chopra

    2003-01-01

    This monograph was written to be part of the series of studies commissioned by the Ministry of Agriculture under the rubric of "State of Indian Farmer - A Millennium Study". On the basis of existing literature, this study documents the status of our knowledge on risks of agriculture and their management. Chapter 2 discusses the evidence on the nature, type and magnitude of agricultural risks. Chapter 3 discusses farmer strategies to combat risk. In addition to the mechanisms at the level of t...

  10. Measuring agricultural policy bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    2010-01-01

    that the agricultural price incentive bias generally perceived to exist during the 1980s was largely eliminated during the 1990s. Results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of agricultural bias. Our comprehensive...... protection measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on relative agricultural price incentives....

  11. Agricultural Development Bank Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Seibel, Hans Dieter

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural development banks (AgDBs), which are not viable, should either be closed, or transformed into self-reliant, sustainable financial intermediaries. Experience shows that reform is possible. Among the prominent cases are Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC, Thailand) as well as ADB/Nepal, which has been transforming its small farmer credit program into financially self-reliant local financial intermediaries owned and managed by th...

  12. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-01-01

    Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced a...

  13. Urban Agricultural Event

    OpenAIRE

    Camm, Kevin

    2012-01-01

    Many authors and researchers agree that our youth will benefit from learning about agriculture. “Agricultural literacy is an essential factor for continuing success of the nation. It is important to reach the population when it is most vulnerable and susceptible to learning; this consists of the children of today’s world” (Schmidbauer, Pastor, & Elliot, 2004; p. 2). Ryan and Lockaby suggest that if the population possesses an understanding of agriculture, they are more likely to benefit socie...

  14. Agriculture - reconciling ancient tensions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Atkinson

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Decision-making in agriculture has tended to be driven by factors other than environmental concerns. This may be changing, and perhaps the emphases of the two creation accounts in Genesis (responsible management or 'dominion', and active care may become more important. The paper examines a number of current developments in agriculture (synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetic manipulation, and organic versus industrial methodologies and discusses the issues they raise for agricultural productivity and the human communities dependent on farming. The questions raised are complex; we are faced with establishing a new paradigm for agricultural practice.

  15. Malawi - Conservation Agriculture

    Data.gov (United States)

    Millenium Challenge Corporation — The randomized control trial impact evaluation tests different strategies for communicating information about agricultural technologies to smallholder maize farmers...

  16. Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferdo Bašić

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available After becoming self-standing state one of new needs of Croatia important for agricultural profession, farmers, policy makers and public needs was regionalization of agriculture. It is the analyse of state of agroecological conditions in agrosphere and based on results identification and territorial separation of agricultural regions as parts of agrosphere with similar conditions for plant and animal growing and similar farming systems. On this track within a special project we fi nished an inventory of agrosphere, result of which is Regionalisation of Croatian Agriculture presented in this paper. Following wise message of old Chinese proverb cited above, the starting approach is the MFCAL concept (Multifunctional Character of Agriculture and Land, which means that apart from very important and primary economic, agriculture and agricultural land (soil in human life play other roles (functions of similar importance; environmental, social, cultural and spatial, as well as the role of shaping the cultural landscape as a factor of rural development. As well, we respect the point of view prevailing in EU that all natural resources used in agriculture but at the fi rst place soil as a major one, need sustainable use and efficient protection. Using the data on Land resource potential based primarily on data of General Soil Map of Croatia (GSM in a scale of 1:50 000 and results of our research in the period 2000 – 2003, the agrosphere of Croatia is divided in three agricultural regions; Pannonian with four, Mountain with two and Adriatic with three subregions.

  17. Should Religious Groups Be Exempt from Civil Rights Laws?

    OpenAIRE

    Minow, Martha Louise

    2007-01-01

    Should a private, religious university lose its tax-exempt status because it bans interracial dating? Should a religious school fire a pregnant married teacher on religious grounds despite the ban against gender discrimination in employment? Should a religious social service agency be exempt from a state regulation banning discrimination in the delivery of social services on the basis of sexual orientation? This Article argues that courts and legislatures have granted and refused exemptions f...

  18. Agricultural Industrialization: It's Inevitable

    OpenAIRE

    Urban, Thomas N.

    1991-01-01

    The industrialization of agriculture is with us. It's driven by consumer and processor needs, supported by new and useful technology, and augmented by the severe agricultural recession of the 1980s, which changed attitudes towards risk. The consequences for farm policy and rural development are significant, and should be favorable.

  19. Agriculture. Pt. 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study investigates the impact of agriculture on the earth's atmosphere. It describes the natural carbon cycle, the socioeconomic factors that influence it, and the climate effects. The climatic relevance of gaseous sulphur and nitrogen compounds, methane and other hydrocarbons, and ammonia emissions from biological and agricultural process is discussed. (SR)

  20. Managing risk in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    "This book examines the implications of risk management for policy in agriculture. Opening with a chapter on risk management principles and guidelines for policy design in agriculture, the book goes on to look at quantitative analysis of risk and then at policy in various countries." --> Publisher's description.

  1. Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2016-01-01

    In the agricultural sector, risks are inherent and ubiquitous, posing potentially serious consequences for stakeholders and consumers. Risks disrupt supply chains, causing extensive financial and economic losses. Agricultural risks are also the principal cause of transient food insecurity, creating a poverty trap for millions of households across the developing world that enforces a viciou...

  2. Legislature Abolishes Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      China's 2,600-year-old agricultural tax will be rescinded as of Jan. 1,2006, after China's top legislature voted on December 27 to adopt a motion on the regulations revoking the agricultural tax.……

  3. Precision agricultural systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Precision agriculture is a new farming practice that has been developing since late 1980s. It has been variously referred to as precision farming, prescription farming, site-specific crop management, to name but a few. There are numerous definitions for precision agriculture, but the central concept...

  4. Good Wetland Agricultural Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Hengsdijk, H.; Zingstra, H.L.

    2009-01-01

    Within the Guiding Agriculture Wetland Interaction (GAWI) project the Driver!Pressure!State! Impact!Response (DPSIR) approach has been adopted to describe and analyse agriculture!wetland interactions. The DPSIR approach provides a consistent framework to analyse the complex causal chain among drivers, pressures, state and impacts, and facilitates the targeted identification of response strategies aimed at improving the sustainability of wetlands.

  5. Agricultural risk management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Mogens; Oksen, Arne; Larsen, Torben U.;

    2005-01-01

    A new model for risk management in agriculture is described in the paper. The risk model is constructed as a context dependent process, which includes four main phases. The model is aimed at agricultural advisors, who wish to facilitate and disseminate risk management to farmers. It is developed...

  6. Agriculture and food processing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discuss the application of nuclear technology in agriculture sector. Nuclear Technology has help agriculture and food processing to develop tremendously. Two techniques widely use in both clusters are ionization radiation and radioisotopes. Among techniques for ionizing radiation are plant mutation breeding, SIT and food preservation. Meanwhile radioisotopes use as a tracer for animal research, plant soil relations water sedimentology

  7. Radiation technology in agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Department of Atomic Energy through its research, development and deployment activities in nuclear science and technology, has been contributing towards enhancing the production of agricultural commodities and their preservation. Radiations and radioisotopes are used in agricultural research to induce genetic variability in crop plants to develop improved varieties, to manage insect pests, monitor fate and persistence of pesticides, to study fertilizer use efficiency and plant micronutrient uptake and also to preserve agricultural produce. Use of radiation and radioisotopes in agriculture which is often referred to as nuclear agriculture is one of the important fields of peaceful applications of atomic energy for societal benefit and BARC has contributed significantly in this area. 41 new crop varieties developed at BARC have been released and Gazette notified by the MoA, GOI for commercial cultivation and are popular among the farming community and grown through out the country

  8. Sustainable Agricultural Marketing Initiatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Adanacıoğlu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Sustainable marketing is a holistic approach that puts equal emphasis on environmental, social equity, and economic concerns in the development of marketing strategies. The purpose of the study is to examine and discuss the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced throughout the World and Turkey, and to put forth suggestions to further improve the performance of agricultural marketing initiatives in Turkey. Some of the sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives practiced around the world are carried out through civil organizations. Furthermore; some of these initiatives have also launched by farmers, consumers, food processors and retailers. The long-term strategies to increase these initiatives should be determined due to the fact that examples of successful sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives are inadequate and cannot be spread in Turkey. In this context, first of all, the supports provided by the government to improve agricultural marketing systems, such as EU funds for rural development should be compatible with the goals of sustainable marketing. For this purpose, it should be examined whether all proposed projects related to agricultural marketing meet the social, economic, and environmental principles of sustainable marketing. It is important that supporting organizations, especially civil society organisations, should take an active role for faster dissemination and adoption of sustainable agricultural marketing practices in Turkey. These organizations may provide technical assistance in preparing successful project proposals and training to farm groups. In addition, the other organizations, such as local administrations, producers' associations, cooperatives, can contribute to the success of sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives. The use of direct marketing strategies and vertical integration attempts in sustainable agricultural marketing initiatives that will likely be implemented in Turkey is

  9. BOOK REVIEWS - Precision agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stanisław Samborski

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Precision agriculture (PA is a term, which has recently become very popular in agronomy. In short this term means crop production based on site-specific crop management (SSCM. Precision agriculture is an integrated agricultural management system incorporating different science disciplines e.g. crop science, agricultural engineering and geostatistics. It also uses numerous tools i.e., geographic information system (GIS, Global Positioning System (GPS, remote sensing yield monitors. Because of the multidisciplinary character of precision agriculture, books published on this subject differ in their content. The first books on this topic appeared in the mid 90’ of the last century. The intention of this paper is to present reviews of three books the titles of which each contains the term “precision agriculture”. The books are as follows:1 Handbook of Precision Agriculture – Principles and Applications (2006 edited by Ancha Srinivasan. 2 Precision Agriculture’05 (2005 edited by John V. Stafford 3 Precision Agriculture (2006 by Terry A. Brasse.

  10. Future trends in agricultural engineering.

    OpenAIRE

    Jongebreur, A.A.; Speelman, L.

    1997-01-01

    Beside traditional mechanical engineering, other engineering branches such as electronics, control engineering and physics play their specific role within the agricultural engineering field. Agricultural engineering has affected and stimulated major changes in agriculture. In the last decades agricultural engineering has also focused on environmental aspects. Nowadays knowledge and expertise generated in several agricultural and environmental engineering fields must be integrated with experti...

  11. Atoms in Agriculture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Osborne, Thomas S. [University of Tennessee

    1965-01-01

    Agriculture benefits from the applications of research. Radioactive techniques have been used to study soils, plants, microbes, insects, farm animals, and new ways to use and preserve foodstuffs. Radioactive atoms are not used directly by farmers but are used in research directed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture and Atomic Energy Commission, by the agricultural experiment stations of the various states, and by numerous public and private research institutions. From such research come improved materials and methods which are used on the farm.

  12. Agriculture. Sector 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Lebanon, emissions of greenhouse gases from agricultural activities occur through the following processes: -enteric fermentation and manure management of the domestic livestock emits methane and nitrous oxide. -agricultural burning of crop residues is of minor importance since field burning of crop residue is not a common practice in Lebanon -agricultural soils are a source of nitrous oxide directly from the soils and from animal production, and indirectly from the nitrogen added to the soils. The following results were obtained for the inventory year 1994: 7.60955 Gg of methane, 3.01478 Gg of nitrous oxide, 0.00146 Gg of nitrogen oxides and 0.04306 Gg of carbon monoxide

  13. 29 CFR 794.143 - Work exempt under another section of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Work exempt under another section of the Act. 794.143... Application of Exemption to Employees § 794.143 Work exempt under another section of the Act. Where an employee performs work during his workweek, some of which is exempt under one section of the Act, and...

  14. 29 CFR 2570.35 - Information to be included in applications for individual exemptions only.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... exemptions only. 2570.35 Section 2570.35 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS... be included in applications for individual exemptions only. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (c... consummated or will be consummated only if the exemption is granted; (14) If the exemption transaction...

  15. 40 CFR 180.1291 - Cold pressed neem oil; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cold pressed neem oil; exemption from... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1291 Cold pressed neem oil; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. Residues of the biochemical pesticide cold pressed neem oil are exempt from the requirement of......

  16. 76 FR 9853 - Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation; Brakes; Application for Exemption From...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Exemption From Innovative Electronics; Notice of application for exemption; request for comments (76 FR 7623...; Application for Exemption From Innovative Electronics; Correction AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety.... SUMMARY: This document corrects the docket number for FMCSA's notice of ] application for exemption...

  17. 40 CFR 180.1145 - Pseudomonas syringae; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pseudomonas syringae; exemption from... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1145 Pseudomonas syringae; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. Pseudomonas syringae is exempted from the requirement of a tolerance on all raw...

  18. 40 CFR 180.905 - Pesticide chemicals; exemptions from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pesticide chemicals; exemptions from... PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS TOLERANCES AND EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.905 Pesticide chemicals; exemptions from the requirement of...

  19. 40 CFR 180.1176 - Sodium bicarbonate; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sodium bicarbonate; exemption from the... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1176 Sodium bicarbonate; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. The biochemical pesticide sodium bicarbonate is exempted from the requirement of a tolerance in or on all...

  20. 40 CFR 180.1090 - Lactic acid; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Lactic acid; exemption from the... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1090 Lactic acid; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. Lactic acid (2-hydroxypropanoic acid) is exempted from the requirement of a tolerance when used as a plant...

  1. 40 CFR 180.1197 - Hydrogen peroxide; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hydrogen peroxide; exemption from the... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1197 Hydrogen peroxide; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. An exemption from the requirement of a tolerance is established for residues of hydrogen peroxide in or on...

  2. Agricultural Health and Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... health and safety program. Contact your state or territorial health department or use this directory of local ... producers, small business owners, youth, consumers, and rural communities nationwide. NIOSH Agricultural Safety and Health Centers conduct ...

  3. Agriculture and private sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sahin, Sila; Prowse, Martin Philip; Weigh, Nadia

    looks set to remain for the next two decades at least. The agriculture and growth evidence paper series has been developed to cover a range of issues that are of most relevance to DFID staff. The paper is not intended to be a comprehensive overview of all issues relating to agriculture and the private......Agriculture is and will continue to be critical to the futures of many developing countries. This may or may not be because agriculture can contribute directly and/or indirectly to economic growth. But it will certainly be critical because poverty is still predominantly a rural phenomenon and this...... sector. It concentrates on those areas that are of particular focus for DFID policy and strategy....

  4. Agricultural Drainage Well Intakes

    Data.gov (United States)

    Iowa State University GIS Support and Research Facility — Locations of surface intakes for registered agriculture drainage wells according to the database maintained by IDALS. Surface intakes were located from their...

  5. Agricultural Producer Certificates

    Data.gov (United States)

    Montgomery County of Maryland — A Certified Agricultural Producer, or representative thereof, is an individual who wishes to sell regionally-grown products in the public right-of-way. A Certified...

  6. Radioactive contamination and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some guidelines are presented for the Belgian agriculture to realise three vital objectives in case of a nuclear accident : protection of food quality and public health, radiation protection for farmers and keeping the production apparatus intact. (H.E.)

  7. GREENHOUSE GASES AND AGRICULTURE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agriculture ranks third in its contribution to Earth's anthropogenically nhanced greenhouse effect. Energy use and production and chlorofluorocarbons are anked first and second, respectively.) pecifically, greenhouse gas sources and inks are increased, and sinks are decreased, by...

  8. The Agriculture Grants Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krogmann, David W.; Key, Joe

    1981-01-01

    Reviews historical background surrounding the origins of the Competitive Research Grants Office, established in 1978 to support basic research related to agriculture. Describes current controversy within the legislature which threatens its existence. (CS)

  9. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture...

  10. Exemption 4: Trade Secrets under the Freedom of Information Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selby, Holly E.

    Exemption 4 of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) protects from disclosure by government agencies privileged and confidential trade secrets and commercial or financial information. Based on early Exemption 4 litigation, courts have devised a "substantial competitive harm test" to decide whether requested information should be covered by the…

  11. 76 FR 59426 - Exemptions From Certain Prohibited Transaction Restrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-26

    ... (55 FR 32836, 32847, August 10, 1990) and based upon the entire record, the Department makes the... grant this exemption, refer to the notice of proposed exemption published on May 5, 2011 at 76 FR 25711... Crediting Rate formula; (b) BANA may not reset a Crediting Rate attributable to a Global Account...

  12. 24 CFR 1710.10 - Single-family residence exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Single-family residence exemption... Requirements § 1710.10 Single-family residence exemption. (a) General. The sale of a lot which meets the... within a municipality or county where a unit of local government or the State specifies minimum...

  13. 77 FR 38383 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-27

    ... diabetes exemption applications from 23 individuals and requested comments from the public (77 FR 27842.... These drivers report no other disqualifying conditions, including diabetes-related complications. Each.... Consequently, FMCSA finds that in each case exempting these applicants from the diabetes requirement in 49...

  14. 75 FR 38598 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ..., received education related to diabetes management, and is on a stable insulin regimen. These drivers report.... Consequently, FMCSA finds that in each case exempting these applicants from the diabetes standard in 49 CFR 391... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  15. 75 FR 44049 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ..., received education related to diabetes management, and is on a stable insulin regimen. These drivers report.... Consequently, FMCSA finds that in each case exempting these applicants from the diabetes standard in 49 CFR 391... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  16. 19 CFR 148.46 - Sale of exempted articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale of exempted articles. 148.46 Section 148.46... exempted articles. (a) Sale resulting in forfeiture. The following articles or their value (to be recovered... paragraph (b) of this section is followed: (1) Any jewelry or similar articles of personal adornment...

  17. 76 FR 9856 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  18. 29 CFR 784.117 - Combinations of exempt work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... under another section of the Act, is permitted. Where a part of an employee's covered work in a workweek... work exempt from both the minimum wage and overtime requirements under another section of the Act. In... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Combinations of exempt work. 784.117 Section 784.117...

  19. 29 CFR 793.21 - Exempt and nonexempt work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... workweek performs work which is exempt from the overtime requirements of the Act under section 13(b)(9..., performs a substantial amount of nonexempt work to which the overtime provisions of the Act are applicable... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exempt and nonexempt work. 793.21 Section 793.21...

  20. 75 FR 32983 - Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards: Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-10

    ... exemption (72 FR 36748). The complete docket of the NAAA request, including public comments, can be examined... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Commercial Driver's License (CDL) Standards: Exemption AGENCY... not obtained an HM endorsement for their commercial driver's license (CDL) as required by...

  1. 45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemption seven: Law enforcement. 5.68 Section 5... INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We are not required to disclose information or records that the government has compiled for law...

  2. 21 CFR 801.110 - Retail exemption for prescription devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Retail exemption for prescription devices. 801.110 Section 801.110 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 801.110 Retail...

  3. 10 CFR 71.13 - Exemption of physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 CFR part 35 or the equivalent Agreement State regulations. ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Exemptions... medicine is exempt from § 71.5 with respect to transport by the physician of licensed material for use...

  4. 76 FR 67248 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-31

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  5. 77 FR 75494 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (77 FR... discussed in detail in the October 23, 2012 notice (77 FR 64839). Basis for Exemption Determination Under...

  6. 75 FR 28682 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also... of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (75 FR... notice (75 FR 14656). Basis for Exemption Determination Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA...

  7. 77 FR 46793 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  8. 76 FR 29022 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  9. 78 FR 52602 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    ... FR 3316). Background On June 6, 2013, FMCSA published a notice of receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (78 FR 34143). That notice listed 69... discussed in detail in the June 6, 2013 notice (78 FR 34143). Basis for Exemption Determination Under 49...

  10. 76 FR 37883 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (76 FR... discussed in detail in the May 5, 2011 notice (76 FR 25764). Basis for Exemption Determination Under 49...

  11. 78 FR 64274 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... System (FDMS) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  12. 76 FR 70213 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-10

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  13. 77 FR 64839 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  14. 76 FR 25766 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  15. 78 FR 76707 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... exemption from the vision requirements (74 FR 60022; 75 FR 4623; 77 FR 543). Each of these 15 applicants has...) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications;...

  16. 75 FR 69737 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  17. 77 FR 22059 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-12

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (77 FR... February 13, 2012 notice (77 FR 7657). Basis for Exemption Determination Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and...

  18. 78 FR 64271 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... System (FDMS) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. They are unable...

  19. 76 FR 25764 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  20. 77 FR 36336 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  1. 75 FR 36779 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... renew exemptions at the end of the 2-year period. The comment period ended on May 17, 2010 (75 FR 19674...-2008-0021] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety.... BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P...

  2. 40 CFR 211.110-3 - Export exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Export exemptions. 211.110-3 Section 211.110-3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS PRODUCT NOISE LABELING General Provisions § 211.110-3 Export exemptions. (a) A new...

  3. 40 CFR 211.110-1 - Testing exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Testing exemption. 211.110-1 Section 211.110-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS PRODUCT NOISE LABELING General Provisions § 211.110-1 Testing exemption. (a) A new...

  4. 32 CFR 806.7 - Use of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of exemptions. 806.7 Section 806.7 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE ADMINISTRATION AIR FORCE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT PROGRAM § 806.7 Use of exemptions. (a) A listing of some AFIs that provide guidance on...

  5. 26 CFR 1.7872-5 - Exempted loans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exempted loans. 1.7872-5 Section 1.7872-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7872-5 Exempted loans. (a) In general—(1) General...

  6. 10 CFR 34.111 - Applications for exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION LICENSES FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIATION SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUSTRIAL RADIOGRAPHIC OPERATIONS Exemptions § 34.111 Applications for exemptions. The Commission may, upon... endanger life or property or the common defense and security and is otherwise in the public interest....

  7. 48 CFR 252.229-7003 - Tax Exemptions (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contract number. (ii) The IVA tax exemption claimed pursuant to Article 72 of Decree Law 633, dated October... this transaction is not subject to the tax in accordance with Article 72 of Decree Law 633, dated... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tax Exemptions...

  8. 19 CFR 10.17 - Valuation of exempted components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Valuation of exempted components. 10.17 Section 10.17 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF... Assembled Abroad with United States Components § 10.17 Valuation of exempted components. The value...

  9. 78 FR 14406 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-05

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  10. 78 FR 50482 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  11. 77 FR 59447 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  12. 36 CFR 703.5 - Records exempt from disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Records exempt from disclosure. 703.5 Section 703.5 Parks, Forests, and Public Property LIBRARY OF CONGRESS DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Availability of Library of Congress Records § 703.5 Records exempt from disclosure. (a) The public disclosure of...

  13. 19 CFR 122.175 - Exemption from penalties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption from penalties. 122.175 Section 122.175 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY AIR COMMERCE REGULATIONS Air Carrier Smuggling Prevention Program § 122.175 Exemption...

  14. 77 FR 3552 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-24

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If...

  15. 77 FR 539 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If...

  16. 75 FR 19676 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    ... period. The comment period ended on March 25, 2010 (75 FR 8184). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no...-2005-22194; FMCSA-2007-27897] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal... previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal...

  17. 75 FR 38864 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-06

    ... 16, 2010 (75 FR 27621). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no comments in this proceeding...-11714; FMCSA- 2008-0021] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor... announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor...

  18. 75 FR 39618 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-09

    ... comment period ended on June 16, 2010 (75 FR 27622). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no comments in...-24015; FMCSA-2007-0071; FMCSA-2008-0021] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in...

  19. 75 FR 22178 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... comment period ended on April 1, 2010 (75 FR 9484). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no comments in... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in...

  20. 77 FR 5874 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If...

  1. 78 FR 27281 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical Programs...; Exemption Applications; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION... applications from 25 individuals for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier...

  2. 76 FR 1493 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  3. 77 FR 543 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-05

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (74 FR 60022; 75 FR 4623). Each of these 17 applicants has requested renewal of the exemption and has submitted... Privacy Act Statement for the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316),...

  4. 75 FR 22179 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... comment period ended on April 1, 2010 (75 FR 9477). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received no comments in... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY...: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement in...

  5. 76 FR 1197 - Detroit Edison Company, FERMI 2; Exemption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-07

    ... quality of the human environment (75 FR 81316). This exemption is effective upon issuance. Dated at... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION Detroit Edison Company, FERMI 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Detroit Edison Company (DECo)...

  6. 75 FR 39725 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also available at http://www... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  7. 75 FR 25917 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ..., 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also available at http://www.regulations.gov . FOR FURTHER... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  8. 76 FR 17481 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  9. 75 FR 65057 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision... exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. If granted,...

  10. 75 FR 39727 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-12

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also... exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (75 FR 25917). That... and discussed in detail in the May 10, 2010 notice (75 FR 25917). Basis for Exemption...

  11. Tax exemption: why not-for-profits deserve it.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annis, R; Kistner, W G

    1988-04-01

    Not-for-profit healthcare facilities' tax-exempt status is coming under attack, particularly in congressional hearings on the unrelated business income tax. Therefore tax-exempt providers must keep adequate records of all services and expenditures to demonstrate and preserve their exempt nature. A facility qualifies for tax exemption by demonstrating that it is legally organized to achieve its exempt purpose and that the bulk of its activities is directed toward that goal. The exemption indicates an agreement between the government and the facility: The government is willing to forgo collection of the tax due because the facility performs tasks that would otherwise befall the government, in particular, caring for the indigent. In addition to such care, other social goods flowing from tax-exempt healthcare facilities include their responsiveness to the needs of the nation, their desire to benefit the community, the medical training they provide, and their role as outlets for philanthropy. Before great changes are made in the unrelated business income tax, tax-exempt facilities must make legislatures and the public aware of the vital services they provide. PMID:10286448

  12. 41 CFR 109-39.107 - Limited exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Discontinuance of Interagency Fleet Management Systems § 109-39.107 Limited exemptions. The Director, Office of Administrative Services and heads of field organizations for their respective organizations shall seek limited... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Limited exemptions....

  13. 19 CFR 4.21 - Exemptions from tonnage taxes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemptions from tonnage taxes. 4.21 Section 4.21... TREASURY VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Tonnage Tax and Light Money § 4.21 Exemptions from tonnage taxes. (a) Tonnage taxes and light money shall be suspended in whole or in part whenever the...

  14. 75 FR 1453 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-11

    ... at the end of the 2-year period. The comment period ended on December 7, 2009 (74 FR 57553...-2007-27897; FMCSA- 2007-28695; FMCSA-2007-29019] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision.... SUMMARY: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the vision requirement...

  15. 40 CFR 60.4105 - Retired unit exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4105 Retired unit exemption. (a)(1) Any Hg Budget unit that is permanently retired shall be exempt from the Hg Budget Trading... section shall become effective the day on which the Hg Budget unit is permanently retired. Within 30...

  16. 76 FR 17478 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  17. 78 FR 22599 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... requires the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  18. 76 FR 25769 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  19. 77 FR 18302 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-27

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision must provide... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  20. 77 FR 63411 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-16

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  1. 77 FR 13686 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-07

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  2. 76 FR 64165 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. ] SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  3. 76 FR 17475 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision must provide... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  4. 78 FR 68139 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-13

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  5. 77 FR 70530 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-26

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. ] SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  6. 77 FR 56258 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  7. 75 FR 77947 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-14

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  8. 78 FR 7852 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-04

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  9. 78 FR 63298 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical...

  10. 78 FR 63285 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\. The revision... exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating... FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical Programs Division,...

  11. 76 FR 32012 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-02

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR ] 52441).\\1\\ The revision... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate...

  12. 76 FR 9854 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  13. 77 FR 40941 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  14. 78 FR 63295 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... individuals for exemptions from the prohibition against persons with insulin- treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief, Medical...

  15. 75 FR 80889 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-23

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441...; Diabetes Mellitus AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA...

  16. 77 FR 5870 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  17. 76 FR 40439 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-08

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  18. 77 FR 36333 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  19. 78 FR 32704 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  20. 76 FR 9862 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  1. 77 FR 33554 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-06

    ... diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision must provide for... individuals for exemption from the prohibition against persons with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM... Privacy Act Statement for the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316),...

  2. 76 FR 66120 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-25

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441) \\1\\. The revision... exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces receipt of... diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce. If granted,...

  3. 32 CFR 1624.7 - Expiration of deferment or exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Expiration of deferment or exemption. 1624.7 Section 1624.7 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM INDUCTIONS § 1624.7 Expiration of deferment or exemption. The Director shall issue an Order to Report...

  4. 21 CFR 201.127 - Drugs; expiration of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs; expiration of exemptions. 201.127 Section 201.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS: GENERAL LABELING Exemptions From Adequate Directions for Use § 201.127 Drugs;...

  5. 32 CFR 505.10 - Use and establishment of exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Use and establishment of exemptions. 505.10 Section 505.10 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.10 Use and establishment of exemptions....

  6. Overview of organic agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, P.; Merfield, C.

    2006-01-01

    The acquisition of food, textiles and other resources from plants and animals has been a major concern for human societies, from the earliest days as hunter-gathers, through pastoral and swidden phases, to agrarian societies, with an associated trend away from nomadic to sedentary lifestyles. Yet as agricultural production intensified and expanded, the negative effects on the underlying resource base have also increased. The history of environmental damage caused by agriculture is well docume...

  7. Agricultural Clusters in China

    OpenAIRE

    Kiminami, Lily; Kiminami, Akira

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the potential of clustering in the development of agriculture and rural communities in China. We shall examine in detail the food industry, which is the link in the food chain that propels the industrialization of agriculture, and identify instances of industrial agglomeration and business collaboration. Next, we shall analyze the externalities (i.e. spillovers) of clusters, demand conditions in cluster formation, and the effectiveness of business collab...

  8. HOMOEOPATHY IN AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Singhania, Pawan Kumar; SINGHANIA, ARCHANA

    2014-01-01

    Homoeopathy medicines have been found to be effective in human organisms. Research and application of Homoeopathy drugs in agriculture is slowly finding place. The mode of action of Homoeopathy remedies and simillinum of drug pictures for use in agriculture; basic principles of Homoeopathy and drug administration are discussed. Significant results have been observed using Homoeopathy medicines to fight stress conditions during wet conditions; during hot and dry conditions; in improving germin...

  9. Agriculture Sector Risk Management

    OpenAIRE

    Viktorija Stasytytė; Viktorija Dužinskytė

    2016-01-01

    Agriculture sector is characterized by a particular specificity that is not considered in other fields and because of that agriculture sector is defined as highly risky sector. Response to risk is still very im-portant and responsible activity in this field. According to this, the process and applied strategies of risk management make and ensure that the sector activity and operations are more stable and effective. The aim of the article reflects the need to distinguish the most appropriate a...

  10. TRANSITION AND AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Rozelle, Scott D.; Swinnen, Johan F.M.

    2000-01-01

    The overall objectives of our proposed paper is to: (a) systematically document the post-reform trends in agricultural performance in Asia, Europe, and the Former Soviet Union; (b) identify the main reform strategies and institutional innovations that have contributed to the successes and failures of the sector; (c) analyze the mechanisms by which reform policies and initial conditions have affected the transition process in agriculture; and (d) draw lessons and policy implications from the e...

  11. World competitiveness and agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Zyl

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Against the background of a changing environment in which market factors and greater world trade and competitiveness are increasingly becoming the only criteria for success, a framework for the analysis of world competitiveness is initially developed. This is followed by a discussion on the growth of productivity in agriculture, as well as an exposition of the role of agricultural research. Thirdly, price factors and the terms of trade are discussed, followed by a summary of policy implications.

  12. Brazil Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Quiroga, Jose; Brooks, Jonathan; Melyukhina, Olga

    2005-01-01

    In June 2005, OECD members met with senior government officials from Brazil to discuss Brazilian agricultural policies and future directions, as a part of a comprehensive agricultural policy review. Ongoing dialogue with Brazil on policy issues is important to fostering a better understanding of global challenges and opportunities that lie ahead. Results of the review will be published by the OECD in 2005. This policy note provides a preview of key findings.

  13. Ghana Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Choudhary, Vikas; D'Alessandro, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Improved agricultural risk management is one of the core enabling actions of the Group of Eight’s (G-8’s) New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition. The Agricultural Risk Management Team (ARMT) of the Agriculture and Environment Services Department of the World Bank conducted an agricultural sector risk assessment to better understand the dynamics of agricultural risks and identify appropriate responses, incorporate agricultural risk perspective into decision-making, and bui...

  14. FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Babcock, Bruce A.; Beghin, John C.; Mohanty, Samarendu; Frank H. Fuller; Jacinto F. Fabiosa; Kaus, Phillip J.; Fang, Cheng; Hart, Chad E.; Kovarik, Karen; Womack, Abner W.; Young, Robert E., II; Suhler, Gregg; Patrick C. Westhoff; Trujillo, Joe; Brown, D. Scott

    2000-01-01

    The Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute (FAPRI) prepares a preliminary agricultural outlook on world agricultural production, consumption, and trade every fall. This is followed by an outside review, re-evaluation of projections, and completion of the final baseline in January. The FAPRI 2000 World Agricultural Outlook presents these final projections for world agricultural markets. A companion volume, the FAPRI 2000 U.S. Agricultural Outlook, presents the U.S. component of the ba...

  15. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman; M. SELVARAJ; M. Syed Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally...

  16. Establishing exemption and clearance criteria by the regulatory authority

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Project work discusses the relationship between the concepts of exemption and clearance, and their practical use in the overall scheme of regulatory control of practices. It also discusses how exemptions and clearance is established and the scope of its applications for regulatory control. The concept of general clearance levels for any type of material and any possible pathway of disposal is also introduced in this work. Guidance of the Group of Experts establishing scenarios for general clearance, parameter values, and a nuclide-specific list of calculated clearance levels is also presented. Regulatory authorities are required to develop guidance on exemption and clearance levels to assist licensees and registrants to know which practices and sources within practices are exempted from regulatory control and those to be cleared from further controls. Exemption and clearance levels are tools for assisting the Regulatory Authority to optimize the use of resources. (author)

  17. Biosurfactants in agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachdev, Dhara P; Cameotra, Swaranjit S

    2013-02-01

    Agricultural productivity to meet growing demands of human population is a matter of great concern for all countries. Use of green compounds to achieve the sustainable agriculture is the present necessity. This review highlights the enormous use of harsh surfactants in agricultural soil and agrochemical industries. Biosurfactants which are reported to be produced by bacteria, yeasts, and fungi can serve as green surfactants. Biosurfactants are considered to be less toxic and eco-friendly and thus several types of biosurfactants have the potential to be commercially produced for extensive applications in pharmaceutical, cosmetics, and food industries. The biosurfactants synthesized by environmental isolates also has promising role in the agricultural industry. Many rhizosphere and plant associated microbes produce biosurfactant; these biomolecules play vital role in motility, signaling, and biofilm formation, indicating that biosurfactant governs plant-microbe interaction. In agriculture, biosurfactants can be used for plant pathogen elimination and for increasing the bioavailability of nutrient for beneficial plant associated microbes. Biosurfactants can widely be applied for improving the agricultural soil quality by soil remediation. These biomolecules can replace the harsh surfactant presently being used in million dollar pesticide industries. Thus, exploring biosurfactants from environmental isolates for investigating their potential role in plant growth promotion and other related agricultural applications warrants details research. Conventional methods are followed for screening the microbial population for production of biosurfactant. However, molecular methods are fewer in reaching biosurfactants from diverse microbial population and there is need to explore novel biosurfactant from uncultured microbes in soil biosphere by using advanced methodologies like functional metagenomics. PMID:23280539

  18. The cultivated agricultural environment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Local agricultural practices in the Nordic countries have resulted in a great diversity in agriculture in the Nordic countries. The diversities mean that in the event of contamination of agricultural land by radioactive fallout the consequences may differ greatly from region to region. For crops and soils contaminated directly by radioactive fallout there are five primary causes for concern, namely: 1. short-term internal contamination of man and animals through ingestion of surface-contaminated mature crops; 2. internal contamination of crops through foliar intake; 3. contamination of mature crops from resuspended soil; 4. direct irradiation of agricultural workers; 5. internal irradiation from inhalation of resuspended soil particulates. In the short-term, most of the radionuclides likely to be released to the atmosphere in the event of an accident have a potential to cause problems in agriculture and many have the potential for causing long-term problems. Generally, the magnitude of the problems created will depend on the: deposition mechanism (wet or dry); radionuclide composition of the fallout; type of farming system (i.e. arable or dairy); type of soil (for instance organic soils are more sensitive than mineral soils with respect to radiocaesium); state of development of the crop which in turn is determined by the season of the year. (EG)

  19. THE ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE – A MODEL OF DURABLE AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    TABITA CORNELIA ADAMOV; T. IANCU; ANDREA NAGY; COSMINA-SIMONA TOADER

    2013-01-01

    In the context of the community agriculture politics orientation toward a natural agriculture, where the concept of ecological agriculture has a very well defined place, it is necessary to intensify the efforts to promote the ecological agriculture practices and to inform the farmers about the importance and the role of the ecological technologies and, last but not least, the economical advantages and also the advantages to improve the environment. The ecological agriculture (similar term for...

  20. Agricultural land evaluation in the process of agricultural land consolidation

    OpenAIRE

    Fištravec, Polonca

    2008-01-01

    Agricultural land is limited and therefore needs to be protected, preserved and adequately managed. One of the most important instruments of rural planning as well as agricultural land planning represent agricultural operations, first of all the process of land consolidation. Diploma thesis deals with the process of agricultural land consolidation as a whole, emphasizing the agricultural land evaluation during the process. This is cruicial for just and efficient dealings of the...

  1. Data mining in agriculture

    CERN Document Server

    Mucherino, Antonio; Pardalos, Panos M

    2009-01-01

    Data Mining in Agriculture represents a comprehensive effort to provide graduate students and researchers with an analytical text on data mining techniques applied to agriculture and environmental related fields. This book presents both theoretical and practical insights with a focus on presenting the context of each data mining technique rather intuitively with ample concrete examples represented graphically and with algorithms written in MATLAB®. Examples and exercises with solutions are provided at the end of each chapter to facilitate the comprehension of the material. For each data mining technique described in the book variants and improvements of the basic algorithm are also given. Also by P.J. Papajorgji and P.M. Pardalos: Advances in Modeling Agricultural Systems, 'Springer Optimization and its Applications' vol. 25, ©2009.

  2. Measuring Agricultural Bias

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Henning Tarp; Robinson, Sherman; Tarp, Finn

    The measurement issue is the key issue in the literature on trade policy-induced agri-cultural price incentive bias. This paper introduces a general equilibrium effective rate of protection (GE-ERP) measure, which extends and generalizes earlier partial equilibrium nominal protection measures....... For the 15 sample countries, the results indicate that the agricultural price incentive bias, which was generally perceived to exist during the 1980s, was largely eliminated during the 1990s. The results also demonstrate that general equilibrium effects and country-specific characteristics - including trade...... shares and intersectoral linkages - are crucial for determining the sign and magnitude of trade policy bias. The GE-ERP measure is therefore uniquely suited to capture the full impact of trade policies on agricultural price incentives. A Monte Carlo procedure confirms that the results are robust...

  3. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, INTERDEPENDENCE AND UNCERTAINTY

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Jock R.

    1982-01-01

    Interdependence has always been central to economics but assumes pressing importance for agricultural economists as they deal with industrialising agricultures. Continued unresolvable uncertainties, when properly recognised, also add to the challenge of relevant work in agricultural economics. The related roles of interdependence and uncertainty are illustrated through examples from the progress of agricultural technology and enhancement of food security.

  4. Soil physics and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The approach that integrates knowledge is very important in Agriculture, including farmers, extensionists, researchers and professors. The specialists, including the soil physicists, must have a global view of the crop production system. Therefore, their expertise can be useful for the society. The Essence of scientific knowledge is its practical application. The soil physics is a sub area of Agronomy. There are many examples of this specific subject related to Agriculture. This paper will focus, in general, the following cases: (i) erosion, environmental pollution and human health, (ii) plant population and distribution, soil fertility, evapo-transpiration and soil water flux density, and (iii) productivity, effective root depth, water deficit and yield

  5. Changing Structure of Turkish Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Mann, Charles K.

    1983-01-01

    Professor Resat Aktan, whose memory is honoured by this paper, occupied a unique place in the history of Turkish agriculture--teacher, scholar, Minister of Agriculture, and long-time Turkish delegate to the IAAE. Among his many accomplishments, he led two landmark agricultural surveys which serve to chronicle the development of modern Turkish agriculture. While Ataturk had set Turkey on the road to modernization of agriculture, the end of World War II still found Turkish wheat farming little ...

  6. Strategic analysis of Swedish agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Fogelfors, Håkan; Wivstad, Maria; Eckersten, Henrik; Holstein, Fredrik; Johansson, Susanne; Verwijst, Theo

    2009-01-01

    This strategic analysis of Swedish agriculture – production systems and agricultural landscapes in a time of change – focuses on climate change, future availability of natural resources and economic regulation in a global food market. The background to the project was that the Faculty of Natural Resources and Agriculture of the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences identified an urgent need to explore the implications and opportunities of coming changes for agricultural production syste...

  7. Agricultural Technology, Risk, and Gender

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndt, Channing; Tarp, Finn

    2000-01-01

    Interactions between agricultural technology improvements, risk-reducing behavior, and gender roles in agricultural production in Mozambique are examined. The analysis employs a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that explicitly incorporates key features of the economy. These include......: detailed accounting of marketing margins, home consumption, risk, and gender roles in agricultural production. Our results show that agricultural technology improvements benefit both male and female occupants of rural households. Due to economic interactions, agricultural technology improvements...

  8. Application of Generic Exemption Levels for Radioactive Material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In essence, exemption is an authorization granted by the regulatory body, which, once issued, releases the user of the radioactive source from the requirements that would otherwise apply, in particular, the requirements relating to notification and authorization. The exemption figures included in the Basic Safety Standards BSS 115 were derived from scenarios postulated in the document 'Radiation Protection 65' of the Commission of the European Communities considering quantitative exemption criteria. This paper briefly describes and analyses these scenarios and also, describes the status of an implementation guide of these levels in the Argentinean Regulatory System. (authors)

  9. Application of generic exemption levels for radioactive material

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In essence, exemption is an authorization granted by the regulatory body, which, once issued, releases the user of the radioactive source from the requirements that would otherwise apply, in particular, the requirements relating to notification and authorization. The exemption figures included in the Basic Safety Standards BSS 115 were derived from scenarios postulated in the document 'Radiation Protection 65' of the Commission of the European Communities considering quantitative exemption criteria. This paper briefly describes and analyses these scenarios and also, describes the status of an implementation guide of these levels in the Argentinean Regulatory System. (author)

  10. Cohabitation: Humans & Agriculture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Woodington, W.

    2012-01-01

    This "designers' manual" is made during the TIDO-course AR0531 Smart & Bioclimatic Design. Cohabitation of humans and agriculture can be used to improve building climate, human health and the state of the world. It affects building design and requires new building components. This manual explains w

  11. Knowing Agricultural Biodiversity

    OpenAIRE

    Mulvany, P.

    2001-01-01

    The term "agricultural biodiversity" is relatively recent, perhaps post-CBD. Although, the specific nature of the biodiversity used by people was recognised for a long time, the overwhelming emphasis in the CBD was on general biodiversity, mainly 'wild' flora and fauna that inhabit this fragile biosphere in which people also live.

  12. Agriculture. Sheep Livestock.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Agriculture and Natural Resources Education Inst.

    This task-based curriculum guide for agricultural production, specifically for sheep, is intended to help the teacher develop a classroom management system where students learn by doing. Introductory materials include a Dictionary of Occupational Titles job code and title sheet, a task sheet for developing leadership skills, and a task list. Each…

  13. Scrapping Agricultural Tax

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    On March 5,in his government report to the annual session of the country's top legislature,the National People's Congress,Premier Wen Jiabao set the goal to reduce the agricultural tax rate by more than one percentage point each year,

  14. Agriculture and environmental pollution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agriculture came into existence about 15,000 years ago and passed through different stages of food gathering, hunting, hoe culture and sedentary agriculture followed by modem agriculture. It began simultaneously in five world centers concentrating on different crops, most suited to those areas. It was also effected by changes in climate influenced by temperature, drought and magnitude of precipitation, which determined the distribution of populations and occupation of the people. With the increase in population the need for food also progressively increased, necessitating introduction of modern agriculture to enhance production. The indiscriminate and faulty use of advanced technology has added its share in the, destruction of environment. The two approaches that contributed to this were horizontal wand vertical expansion. The former results in deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, land salting and water logging as well as the frequent occurrence of droughts and famines, the latter destroyed soil structure and fertility through decreased microbial populations, fish culture, wildlife and bird sanctuaries, in addition to hazards in human beings and fauna. The real culprit of this global devastation is the high population growth rate, which needs to be contained at safer levels, coupled with sensible use of inputs to produce needed quantities of food and fiber. (author)

  15. Agriculture Oral Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains 23 papers related to the use of nuclear techniques in plant breeding in Turkey, effect of gamma irradiations on growing various plants, mutations and soil chemistry, etc., presented at 4. International Congress of Nuclear Agriculture and Animal Science in Bursa, Turkey, 25-27 Sep 1996. A separate abstract was prepared for each paper

  16. Community Supported Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Givens, Emily

    2009-01-01

    A report on the definition, history, production, membership and local benefits of community supported agriculture. Editor's note: the following article was written as a class assignment for Dr. Greg Welbaum's Vegetable Production course at Virginia Tech. Emily provides some good history and information on the CSA marketing option for specialty crop growers." "Originally printed in Virginia Vegetable, Small Fruit and Specialty Crops, June 2002

  17. Nanotechnology in Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    An overview is given of the application of nanotechnology to agriculture. This is an active field of R&D, where a large number of findings and innovations have been reported. For example, in soil management, applications reported include nanofertilizers, soil binders, water retention aids, and nut...

  18. Goryachkin's agricultural mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinenova, Vera

    2016-03-01

    The paper contributes to the development of applied mechanics by establishing a new discipline, namely, agricultural mechanics by academician Vasilii Prohorovich Goryachkin (1868-1935) who was an apprentice of Nikolay Yegorovich Zhukovsky and a graduate of the Moscow University (current known as Moscow State University) and the Imperial Higher Technical School.

  19. Agricultural Development in Zambia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jeppesen, Søren; Hampwaye, Godfrey; Phiri, Douglas

    Food processing is important to the Zambian economy and entails a set of options for local firms to grow and create employment given the growth potential the country possesses in agriculture. This policy brief summarizes the findings of a study of 38 Zambian owned firms in the food processing...

  20. Mexico Agriculture Policy Review

    OpenAIRE

    Cahill, Carmel; Jotanovic, Aleksandar; Abraham, Cally

    2008-01-01

    As a NAFTA partner and Canada's third largest export market for agri-food products, developments in Mexico are of direct interest to Canada. Rural poverty, low productivity, poor infrastructure and unclear property rights for both land and water still inhibit the efforts of Mexico's government to improve competitiveness of its agricultural sector.

  1. Agriculture, forestry, range resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macdonald, R. B.

    1974-01-01

    The necessary elements to perform global inventories of agriculture, forestry, and range resources are being brought together through the use of satellites, sensors, computers, mathematics, and phenomenology. Results of ERTS-1 applications in these areas, as well as soil mapping, are described.

  2. Agricultural nitrate pollution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anker, Helle Tegner

    2015-01-01

    Despite the passing of almost 25 years since the adoption of the EU Nitrates Directive, agricultural nitrate pollution remains a major concern in most EU Member States. This is also the case in Denmark, although a fairly strict regulatory regime has resulted in almost a 50 per cent reduction...

  3. Food and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter discussed the basic principles and techniques of nuclear science and technology applied in food and agricultural study. The following subjects covered: 1) Utilization of radiation in plant breeding, pest control, food irradiation, moisture content, food contamination study; 2) Utilization of radioisotopes in soil and plant studies, animal research

  4. Israel seeks exemption from atomic rules

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Israel is looking to a U.S.-India nuclear deal to expand its own ties to suppliers, quietly lobbying for an exemption to non-proliferation rules so it can legally import atomic material, according to documents made available to the Associated Press. The new push is reflected in papers Israel presented earlier this year to the Nuclear Suppliers Group. The initiative appeared to be linked to a U.S.-India deal that would effectively waive the group's rules by allowing the United States to supply India with nuclear fuel despite its refusal both to sign the nonproliferation treaty and allowing the IAEA to inspect all its nuclear facilities. Israeli officials began examining how their country could profit from the U.S.-India deal as early as last year, at one point proposing that the U.S. ask for an exemption from restrictions stipulating safeguards by the U.N. nuclear agency on all nuclear facilities. The U.S. rejected that request, demanding anonymity for discussing restricted information.

  5. 7 CFR 984.67 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... inshell walnuts or 200 pounds of shelled walnuts during any marketing year (at locations other than those... and such modifications as will promote the objectives of this subpart. Expenses and Assessments...

  6. Indian Agricultural Marketing- A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakeel-Ul-Rehman

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture in India has directly or indirectly continued to be the source of livelihood to majority of the population. Indian agriculture has seen a lot of changes in its structure. India, predominantly an agricultural economy, has healthy signs of transformation in agriculture and allied activities. India has seen agriculture as a precious tool of economic development as other sectors of production depend on it. Efficient backward and forward integration with agriculture has led to globally competitive production system in terms of cost and quality. Cooperatives seem to be well positioned to coordinate product differentiation at the farm level and to integrate forward into value added processing activities.. Indian agriculture can be balanced and made efficient through proper and better management practices. The present study brings out past and present scenario of agricultural marketing prevailing in India, its challenges and future recommendations. Moreover the opportunities provide by agricultural marketing should be tapped effectively by the marketers.

  7. Researches on Agricultural Cooperative Economic Organization Promoting Agricultural Insurance Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The advantages of cooperative economic organization being the effective carrier of agricultural insurance development are analyzed. Firstly, cooperative economic organization promotes scale management and solves the problem of decentralized operation of small households. Secondly, cooperative economic organization can settle the problem of peasants’ low systematization. Thirdly, cooperative economic organization can largely reduce the costs of agricultural insurance operation. Fourthly, cooperative organization decreases moral risks as well as adverse selection to some extent. Lastly, cooperative organization, to a certain degree, reduces the risks of agricultural production and increases the insurability of agricultural risks. Meanwhile, limitations of agricultural cooperative economic organization being the carrier of agricultural insurance operation are pointed out. Firstly, cooperative economic organization has limited coverage and small size of organization, which is harmful to the diversification of agricultural risks. Secondly, cooperative economic organization lacks capital funds and its development is not standard, which is not perfect for the function exertion as a carrier. Lastly, members of professional cooperative organization have low cultural qualities, which restrict the implementation of agricultural insurance. The modes of farmers’ cooperative economic organization promoting agricultural insurance development are proposed, including mode of agricultural insurance cooperative ( mutual corporation), mode of "leading enterprises (companies) + professional cooperative organization (planting majors) + insurance" and mode of professional cooperatives serving as agricultural insurance agent. Last of all, the promoting role of agricultural insurance in agricultural cooperative economic organization is briefly illustrated.

  8. 75 FR 61626 - Hours of Service; Limited Exemption for the Distribution of Anhydrous Ammonia in Agricultural...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... of the retail or wholesale distribution point (75 FR 40765). The Agency explained its rationale for... 100 air-mile radius of the retail or wholesale distribution point (54 FR 13441). As explained in the... Moran; Rep. Collin Peterson; Rep. Aaron Schock; Rep. John Shimkus; Rep. Ike Skelton; Rep. Adrian...

  9. The rise of Brazilian agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Vink, Nick; Sandrey, Ron

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore some of the possible lessons for South African agriculture from the Brazilian experience. To this end, the article discusses the performance of Brazilian agriculture in terms of land and labour use, production, and exports. This is followed by aspects of...... Brazilian agricultural policies, namely farmer support, the research and technology transfer system and land issues. The implications for South African agriculture can be summarized as the recognition that history, geography, the development path and agricultural policies all matter. The article then...... identifies five important lessons for agricultural development in South Africa....

  10. 75 FR 36774 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... 23, 2010 (75 FR 20881). Conclusion The Agency has not received any adverse evidence on any of these...-2007-0017; FMCSA-2007-0071] Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor.... BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P...

  11. 77 FR 17109 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision.... BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P...

  12. 77 FR 56261 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision.... BILLING CODE 4910-EX-P...

  13. 29 CFR 779.337 - Requirements of exemption summarized.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... section 13(a)(2) expressly excludes from the exemption an establishment or employee engaged in laundering....338(b).) With respect to laundering and drycleaning establishments, which Congress found to lack...

  14. Development of international exemption principles for recycle and reuse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been investigating the possibility of exempting certain radiation sources and practices from regulatory control as an extension of its earlier work in the area of de minimis. Because of the potential value of scrap materials recovered during decommissioning of commercial reactors, and because of national and international efforts to minimize radioactive wastes, exemption criteria for recycle and reuse have gained attention. The IAEA has established basic principles for exemption that limit the radiation dose that individuals or population groups may receive from exempted practices or sources. This paper discusses the recent IAEA Advisory Group's recommendations on principles for radiation practices and sources in the recycling of retired components and materials from nuclear facilities. The background of the Advisory Group's work is discussed, then its methods and preliminary recommendations are summarized. Finally, a similar effort sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities is summarized and compared to the IAEA approach. 8 refs., 3 tabs

  15. Tax-exempt bank loans still an option for providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostlund, Grant; Cheney, John E

    2011-07-01

    In evaluating the potential for tax-exempt bank financing, healthcare organizations should carefully consider: Pricing. Loan structure. Security requirements (such as financial covenants and default remedies). PMID:21789946

  16. 75 FR 69734 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-15

    ... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus standard; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  17. 77 FR 17111 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-23

    ... for exemption from the diabetes mellitus requirement; request for comments. SUMMARY: FMCSA announces... insulin-treated diabetes mellitus (ITDM) operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in interstate commerce... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  18. The Implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act and the Strength of the Sustainable Agriculture Movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiseman, Samuel R

    2015-01-01

    In the wake of growing public concerns over salmonella outbreaks and other highly publicized food safety issues, Congress passed the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act in 2011, which placed more stringent standards on food growing and packaging operations. In negotiations preceding the Act's passage, farmers of local, sustainable food argued that these rules would unduly burden local agricultural operations or, at the extreme, drive them out of business by creating overly burdensome rules. These objections culminated in the addition of the Tester-Hagan Amendment to the Food Safety Modernization Act, which created certain exemptions for small farms. Proposed Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rules to implement the Act threatened to weaken this victory for small farm groups, however, prompting a loud response from small farmers and local food proponents. The FDA's second set of proposed rules, issued in September 2014 in response to these and other complaints, were, perhaps surprisingly, responsive to small farmers' concerns. Using comments submitted to the FDA, this article explores the responses of the agriculture industry and public health organizations, as well as small farm groups, consumers of local food, and sustainable agriculture interests (which, for simplicity, I alternately describe as comprising the "sustainable agriculture" or "small farm" movement), to three aspects of the FDA's proposed rules--involving manure application, on-farm packing activities, and exemptions for very small farms--to assess the strength of the sustainable agriculture movement. The rules involving manure application and on-farm packing, it turns out, reveal little about the independent political strength of the local food movement, as large industry groups also objected to these provisions. But for the third issue discussed here--exemptions for very small farms--the interests of sustainable agriculture groups were directly opposed to both industry and public health organizations

  19. 49 CFR 1150.36 - Exempt construction of connecting track.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... railroads, under 49 U.S.C. 10901 (a), (b), and (c). (See the reference to connecting track in 49 CFR 1105.6... the information specified at 49 CFR 1105.8(d), must be filed either before or at the same time as the notice of exemption is filed. See 49 CFR 1105.7(a). The entity seeking the exemption authority must...

  20. Should Religious Groups Ever Be Exempt From Civil Rights Laws?

    OpenAIRE

    Minow, Martha Louise

    2007-01-01

    Should a private religious university lose its tax exempt status if it bans interracial dating? Should a religious school be able fire a pregnant married teacher because her continued work would violate the church's view that mothers of young children should not work outside the home? Should a religious social service agency, such as Catholic Charities, be exempt from a state regulation banning discrimination in the delivery of social services on the basis of sexual orientation? Should religi...

  1. A review and comparison of international exemption and clearance levels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The publication of new European Basic Safety Standards by the European Commission and of new International Basic Safety Standards by the IAEA together with other international agencies, has led to increased interest in the application of the concepts of exemption and clearance. This paper discusses the derivation of radionuclide-specific exemption and clearance values for application in various areas of the regulation of radioactive materials. (author)

  2. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  3. Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Caporali

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the framework of the 16th National Meeting of the Italian Ecological Society (“Global Change, Ecological Diversity and Sustainability”, University of Tuscia, Viterbo, 19-22 September 2006, a symposium was devoted to “Agroecology and Sustainable Development”. A major goal of this symposium was to contribute to keeping the dialogue among the experts of the various disciplines alive. Sustainability of agriculture is a challenge for society world wide. Universities and society as a whole have a responsibility in re-examining current perception of nature, of the world and of human society in the light of natural resources depletion, increasing pollution and social inequalities. The urgency to address sustainability issues is increasingly being reflected in the manner in which institutions of higher education around the world are giving priority to the teaching, research and practice of sustainability. The University of Tuscia is involved in international initiatives concerning teaching and research in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture.

  4. Poll Tax in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Luminita Sarbovan

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Under the crisis constrains, the Romanian government tries to balance the budget, to stop the inflation and decrease unemployment, but its financial possibilities to do so prove to be much smaller than necessary. As far as agriculture is concerned, because of the strong connection of this branch to the European rural mechanism, the state intervention plays the key role in the protection and promoting the national production, in competition with other global producers. The taxation system still owes unexpected effects, influences the prices for the animal and vegetal production, the sales and the profits of this branch, in the context of included fluctuating profit particularities. Is poll tax a possibility or a necessity for agriculture?

  5. Agricultural application of radioisotopes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The radiations and isotopic tracers laboratory (R.I.T.L.) is duly approved B-class laboratory for handling radioactivity and functions as a central research facility of our university which has played a very significant role in ushering green revolution in the country. Radiolabelled fertilizers, insecticides and isotopes mostly supplied by Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology, (BRIT) Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) are being used in our university for the last three decades to study the uptake of fertilizers, micro nutrients, photosynthesis and photorespiration studies in different crop plants, soil-water-plant relations and roots activity, pesticides and herbicides mode of action, plants physiology and microbiology. Main emphasis of research so far has been concentrated on the agricultural productivity. The present talk is an attempt to highlight the enormous potential of radioisotopes to evolve better management of crop system for eco-friendly and sustainable agriculture in the next century. (author)

  6. Advanced Agriculture system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shrinivas R. Zanwar

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the advanced system which improves agriculture processes like cultivation on ploughed land, based on robotic platform. We have developed a robotic vehicle having four wheels and steered by DC motor. The advanced autonomous system architecture gives us the opportunity to develop a complete new range of agricultural equipment based on small smart machines. The machine will cultivate the farm by considering particular rows and specific column at fixed distance depending on crop. The obstacle detection problem will also be considered, sensed by infrared sensor. The whole algorithm, calculation, processing, monitoring are designed with motors & sensor interfaced with microcontroller. The result obtained through example activation unit is also presented. The dc motor simulation with feedforward and feedback technique shows precise output. With the help of two examples, a DC motor and a magnetic levitation system, the use of MATLAB and Simulink for modeling, analysis and control is designed.

  7. Water pollution by agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Moss, Brian

    2007-01-01

    Agriculture disrupts all freshwater systems hugely from their pristine states. The former reductionist concept of pollution was of examining individual effects of particular substances on individual taxa or sub-communities in freshwater systems, an essentially ecotoxicological concept. It is now less useful than a more holistic approach that treats the impacts on the system as a whole and includes physical impacts such as drainage and physical modification of river channels and modification o...

  8. Agriculture and climate change

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    How will increases in levels of CO2 and changes in temperature affect food production? A recently issued report analyzes prospects for US agriculture 1990 to 2030. The report, prepared by a distinguished Task Force, first projects the evolution of agriculture assuming increased levels of CO2 but no climate change. Then it deals with effects of climate change, followed by a discussion of how greenhouse emissions might be diminished by agriculture. Economic and policy matters are also covered. How the climate would respond to more greenhouse gases is uncertain. If temperatures were higher, there would be more evaporation and more precipitation. Where would the rain fall? That is a good question. Weather in a particular locality is not determined by global averages. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s could be repeated at its former site or located in another region such as the present Corn Belt. But depending on the realities at a given place, farmers have demonstrated great flexibility in choosing what they may grow. Their flexibility has been increased by the numerous varieties of seeds of major crops that are now available, each having different characteristics such as drought resistance and temperature tolerance. In past, agriculture has contributed about 5% of US greenhouse gases. Two large components have involved emissions of CO2 from farm machinery and from oxidation of organic matter in soil due to tillage. Use of diesel fuel and more efficient machinery has reduced emissions from that source by 40%. In some areas changed tillage practices are now responsible for returning carbon to the soil. The report identifies an important potential for diminishing net US emissions of CO2 by growth and utilization of biomass. Large areas are already available that could be devoted to energy crops

  9. Isotopes and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The agriculture is defined as the art of desturbing the ecosystems in economical terms with the minimum of irreversible damage. Man survival in the biosphere will depend on its ability of using four technologies - mechanization, fertilizers, irrigation and pest disease control. The isotopes are usefull to establish means of producing more food and to preserve it; and clains of unbearable damages to the ecosystems caused by fertilizers and pesticides are not true, are presented. (author)

  10. Poll Tax in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Luminita Sarbovan

    2011-01-01

    Under the crisis constrains, the Romanian government tries to balance the budget, to stop the inflation and decrease unemployment, but its financial possibilities to do so prove to be much smaller than necessary. As far as agriculture is concerned, because of the strong connection of this branch to the European rural mechanism, the state intervention plays the key role in the protection and promoting the national production, in competition with other global producers. The taxation system stil...

  11. Research on agricultural research

    OpenAIRE

    Renborg, Ulf

    2010-01-01

    A Cobb-Douglas type production function is estimated for the Swedish agricultural sector over the period 1944/45 - 1986/87. Total production of the sector is the dependent variable. Public research and advisory services are introduced as independent variables together with labour, land, variable capital and inputs bought from other sectors and a yield variable. Research is introduced with lags from 6 to 24 years from research inputs to effects on the total sector production. Research lags of ...

  12. Coffee in world agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Sochůrková, Iva

    2012-01-01

    Bachelor thesis The coffee in world agricultur in the theoretical part deals with the important historical events associated with coffee. In connection with the coffee and basic concepts associated with the cultivation of coffee trees, the collection and processing of coffee beans. On the basis of data on coffee production were selected countries that are major producers of coffee in the world. For each country were given basic information and data on the areas producing coffee in the country...

  13. Effective monitoring of agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindenmayer, David B; Likens, Gene E

    2011-06-01

    An opinion piece published in Nature proposed a global network for agricultural monitoring [J. Sachs, R. Remans, S. Smukler, L. Winowiecki, S. J. Andelman, K. G. Cassman, D. Castle, R. DeFries, G. Denning, J. Fanzo, L. E. Jackson, R. Leemans, J. Leemans, J. C. Milder, S. Naeem, G. Nziguheba, C. A. Palm, J. P. Reganold, D. D. Richter, S. J. Scherr, J. Sircely, C. Sullivan, T. P. Tomich and P. A. Sanchez, Nature, 2010, 466, 558-560.]. Whilst we agree with Sachs et al. that monitoring of agricultural systems is a critically important activity of global significance, especially given increasing problems with global food security and the potential impacts of agriculture on the environment [J. Cribb, The Coming Famine. The Global Food Crisis and What We Can Do to Avoid It, CSIRO Publishing and University of California Press, Melbourne and Oakland, 2010.], we argue in this paper that their generic, mandated monitoring framework has a high probability of failure or at best will be highly inefficient. We base this conclusion on our recently published examination of the factors influencing the success or failure of monitoring programs worldwide [D. B. Lindenmayer and G. E. Likens, Effective Ecological Monitoring, CSIRO Publishing and Earthscan, Melbourne and London, 2010.]. We briefly outline what we believe are three serious flaws in the monitoring framework proposed by Sachs et al. We then suggest an alternative approach that we argue would be more effective, more efficient, and have a greater chance of successfully addressing key issues in sustainable agriculture. PMID:21479312

  14. Entomophagy and space agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katayama, N.; Ishikawa, Y.; Takaoki, M.; Yamashita, M.; Nakayama, S.; Kiguchi, K.; Kok, R.; Wada, H.; Mitsuhashi, J.; Space Agriculture Task Force, J.

    Supplying food for human occupants remains one of the primary issues in engineering space habitation Evidently for long-term occupation on a distant planet it is necessary to start agriculture on site Historically humans have consumed a variety of animals and it is required to fill our nutritional need when they live in space Among many candidate group and species of animal to breed in space agriculture insects are of great interest since they have a number of advantages over mammals and other vertebrates or invertebrates About 70-75 of animal species is insects and they play an important role in materials recycle loop of terrestrial biosphere at their various niche For space agriculture we propose several insect species such as the silkworm Bombyx mori the drugstore beetle Stegobium paniceum and the termite Macrotermes subhyalinus Among many advantages these insects do not compete with human in terms of food resources but convert inedible biomass or waste into an edible food source for human The silkworm has been domesticated since 5 000 years ago in China Silk moth has lost capability of flying after its domestication history This feature is advantageous in control of their breeding Silkworm larvae eat specifically mulberry leaves and metamorphose in their cocoon Silk fiber obtained from cocoon can be used to manufacture textile Farming system of the drugstore beetle has been well established Both the drugstore beetle and the termite are capable to convert cellulose or other inedible biomass

  15. Urban conservation agriculture with vegetables

    OpenAIRE

    D.I.A. Edralin; Kieu, L.N.; TRAN, D; Creason, S.; Manuel R. Reyes

    2014-01-01

    This poster describes the implementation of a project to promote vegetable gardening with conservation agriculture in urban schools. LTRA-12 (Conservation agriculture for food security in Cambodia and the Philippines)

  16. Nuclear techniques in agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crops provide us food grains and many other products. Demand for food and other agricultural products is increasing. There is also need for improvement of quality of the agricultural produce. There are several technologies in use for achieving the goal of increasing the quantity and quality of agricultural produce. Nuclear techniques provide us with an option which has certain advantages. The characteristics of crop plants are determined by the genetic make up of the plant. Traditionally the genetic make up was modified using conventional breeding techniques such as cross breeding to improve crops for yield, disease resistance, stress tolerance, resistance to insect pests or to improve quality. New varieties of crops are produced which replace the earlier ones and thus the demands are met. The process of development of new varieties is long and time consuming. Nuclear technique called mutation breeding provides an efficient way of breeding new varieties or improving the older ones. This technique merely enhances the process of occurrence of mutations. In nature mutations occur at a rate of approximately one in a million, while when mutations are induced using radiations such as gamma rays the efficiency of inducing mutations is enhanced. Useful mutations are selected, the mutants are evaluated and developed as a new variety. In the Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division (NA and BTD) this technique has been used to develop mutants of many crop plants. The mutants can be used to develop a variety directly or by using it in further breeding programme. Using these approaches the NA and BTD has developed 40 new varieties of crops such as groundnut, mungbean, urid, pigeon pea, mustard, soybean, sunflower, cowpea, jute. These varieties are developed in collaboration with other agricultural institutions and are popular among the farming community. The method of mutation breeding can be applied to many other crops for improvement. There is increasing interest among

  17. PRESENT FRAMEWORK OF AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Narcis Eduard Mitu

    2007-01-01

    The international agricultural insurance market has an important dimension. The experience of economically developed countries revealed the fact that without a stable development of agricultural insurances, there is no chance for high performance agriculture. This will require the establishment of a framework for responding to severe systemic events affecting agricultural production, and establishing an appropriate regulatory environment to foster private sector innovation and investment in s...

  18. Compaction properties of agricultural soils

    OpenAIRE

    TANG, Anh Minh; CUI, Yu Jun; Eslami, Javad; DEFOSSEZ BERTHOUD, Pauline

    2007-01-01

    The compaction of field soils due to repeated rolling of agricultural vehicles is one of the main reasons for the agricultural soil degradation. A good understanding of the compaction properties of these soils is essential for an optimum organisation of agricultural activities, and therefore for environmental protection in terms of nitrate migrations. In the present work, the compaction properties of agricultural soils from four sites in France are studied after experimental data ...

  19. Conservation agriculture and ecosystem services

    OpenAIRE

    Dillaha, Theo A.; Cheryl B. Heatwole Shenk; Moore, Keith M.

    2010-01-01

    Conservation agriculture has many agricultural and food security benefits. In addition, conservation agriculture has potential on- and off-site ecosystem service benefits that are the focus of this paper. Ecosystem services provided by conservation agriculture fall into three main categories: provisioning services such as increased food production; regulating services such as carbon sequestration and climate regulation, reducing losses of soil, pesticides, nutrients and other potential contam...

  20. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Manish Mahant; Abhishek Shukla; Sunil Dixit; Dileshwer Patel

    2012-01-01

    The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT) in rural domain, with a primary focus on ag...

  1. Economics, Policy, and Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ingemann, Jan Holm

    2009-01-01

    Is organic agriculture so special that special social theories and methods are needed? The article investigates the question in two steps: First, the article address the question whether agriculture is special. Second, whether organic agriculture is special. It is concluded that from an economic...... policy recommendations....

  2. Sustainability in the Agricultural sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Forgács

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study will examine the possible ways of integrating sustainability indicators in assessing the performance of agriculture. We are examining the appropriate ways of calculating the output of the sector including the damages caused by and the benefits of agricultural production. The involvment of environmental pressure into the assessment of agricultural performance does not show significant changes in values.

  3. Sustainability in the Agricultural sector

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Forgács; Judit Beke

    2011-01-01

    The present study will examine the possible ways of integrating sustainability indicators in assessing the performance of agriculture. We are examining the appropriate ways of calculating the output of the sector including the damages caused by and the benefits of agricultural production. The involvment of environmental pressure into the assessment of agricultural performance does not show significant changes in values.

  4. AGRICULTURE IN AN ECOSYSTEMS FRAMEWORK

    OpenAIRE

    Aillery, Marcel P.; Hrubovcak, James; Kramer, Carol S.; Shoemaker, Robbin A.; Tegene, Abebayehu

    1996-01-01

    By broadening the definition of an ecosystem to include economic activities, can we better characterize the interactions and relationships among agricultural activities and important indicators of ecological system health? This paper addresses research approaches for assessing the role of agriculture in an ecosystems context. Environmental regulation and resource management policies have heightened the interest in understanding interactions among agricultural activities and the natural resour...

  5. DYNAMICS OF AGRICULTURAL GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Agricultural shallow groundwater extraction can result in desiccation of neighbouring nature reserves and degradation of groundwater quality in the Netherlands, whereas both externalities are often not considered when agricultural groundwater extraction patterns are being determined. A model is developed to study socially optimal agricultural shallow groundwater extraction patterns. It shows the importance of stock size to slow down changes in groundwater quality.

  6. New Research in Organic Agriculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1996-01-01

    The book is the proceedings from the bi-annual international scientific conference on organic agriculture. The chapters are: - plant and soil interactions, - animal production systems, - traditional knowledge in sustainable agriculture, - research, education and extension in sustainable agriculture......, - environmental impact and nature, - potentials of organic farming, - community, consumer and market, and - policy and financial strategies....

  7. 21 CFR 1310.16 - Exemptions for certain scheduled listed chemical products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... RECORDS AND REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.16 Exemptions for certain scheduled... listed chemical product for which exemption is sought. (3) The complete quantitative and...

  8. 76 FR 21426 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ... Surface Transportation Board Union Pacific Railroad Company--Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption--BNSF Railway Company AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board, DOT. ACTION: Partial Revocation of Exemption... protective conditions set forth in Oregon Short Line Railroad--Abandonment Portion Goshen Branch...

  9. 75 FR 61835 - Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-Norfolk Southern Railway Company

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-06

    ... exemption in Docket No. FD 35410, Adrian & Blissfield Rail Road Company--Continuance in Control ] Exemption--Jackson & Lansing Railroad Company, in which Adrian & Blissfield Rail Road Company seeks to continue...

  10. 17 CFR 230.236 - Exemption of shares offered in connection with certain transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... stock dividend, stock split, reverse stock split, conversion, merger or similar transaction, shall be... Exemptions § 230.236 Exemption of shares offered in connection with certain transactions. Shares of stock...

  11. Food, soil, and agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The growing pressures on the world's land resources will result in problems requiring a major research effort.The first group of problems relates to increased soil degradation. The research to alleviate this will have to incorporate not only physical and biological solutions, but also pay much more attention to the socio-economic context in which the conservation programmes need to succeed.The second major area for research on land resource is to make better use of low-capacity or problem soils.This could be by reducing the existing limitations, such as changing physical or chemical characteristics of the soil, or by developing plants and production techniques which reduce the detrimental effects of constraints. Example of these are acidity, salinity, and aluminium toxicity. Finally the broadest and more important area is that of research to enable more intensive use of better-quality land. Research topics here may relate to optimal plant nutrient management, soil moisture management, and developing cultivation techniques with minimum commercial energy requirements. Making plants more productive will involve research aimed at increasing photosynthetic efficiency, nitrogen fixation, disease and pest resistance, improved weed control, and bio-engineering to adjust plant types to maximize production potentials. Improved rotational systems for the achievement of many of the above goals will become increasingly important, as the potential problems or inappropriate cultivation practices become evident. In conclusion, food supplies of the world could meet the rapidly rising demands that are made on them, if agriculture receives sufficient attention and resources. Even with most modern development, land remains the base for agriculture, and optimal use of the world's land resources is thus crucial for future agricultural production

  12. Agricultural Pilot's Audiological Profile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foltz, Lucas

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The agricultural airplane pilot are daily exposed to intense noises, being susceptible to the noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL and its auditory and extra auditory effects. Objective: To analyze the audiological profile of this population, verifying the work's influence on its hearing. Method: It was realized a retrospective, individual, observational, and cross-sectional study through the data obtained by means of a questionnaire and audiometric thresholds of 41 agricultural pilots. To the statistical analysis were utilized the chi-square, Spearman, and Wilcoxon tests with significance level of 5%. Results: It was verified that 95,1% of the pilots use PPE ( personal protective equipment during flight and 58,5% have contact with pesticides. More than half of individuals referred to feel auditory and extra auditory symptoms, being the buzz the more frequent (29,1%. It has the occurrence of 29,3% of NIHL suggestive hearing loss and 68,3% of normality, taking this presence of unilateral notch in 24,4% and bilateral notch in 31,7%. It was found correlation statistically significant in the associations between time of service and the average of the acute frequencies in the right ear (p=0038, and in the left ear (p=0,010. It has a statistical tendency in the association between audiometric configuration and contact with pesticides (p=0,088. Conclusion: The hearing loss prevalence in this study was showed high. More than half of the sample has normal audiometric thresholds with notch configuration. Such data lead to the conclusion that the agricultural pilots, even with PPE use, they still suffer with the damages caused by noise, needing best proposals of hearing loss prevention.

  13. African agricultural trade

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Hans Grinsted; Sandrey, Ron

    2015-01-01

    This article starts with a profile of African agricultural trade. Using the pre-release version 9.2 of the GTAP database, we then show that the results for tariff elimination on intra-African trade are promising, but these tariff barriers are not as significant as the various trade-related barriers...... elimination, non-tariff barrier reductions and time in transit cost reductions are likely to be cumulative and would generate very large gains to Africa. The policy implications are clear: while cooperation will enhance the gains, much of the benefits will result from unilateral actions and regional...

  14. Biostimulants in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick eBrown

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Biostimulants, which may be derived from a wide range of natural or synthetic processes, are now widely used in agriculture and yet the mode of action of these materials is not well understood. On the basis of available literature, and based upon the diversity of biostimulant responses highlighted in this focus issue, we hypothesize that biostimulants function by directly interacting with plant signaling cascades or act through stimulation of endophytic and non-endophytic bacteria, yeast and fungi to produce molecules of benefit to the plant. The benefit of the biostimulant is derived from the reduction in assimilates that are diverted to non-productive stress response metabolism.

  15. Agricultural futures as becoming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Dan Kristian; Kjeldsen, Chris

    This paper explores how the unfolding of an alternative future for agriculture consists of struggles to assemble a heterogeneous network of natural relations and social relations and technological relations. The site of this exploration is a profiled project, where a zero emission and landless...... in the conventional production, regarding animal welfare and working conditions for employees.The exploration accounts for the entanglement and the shape-shifting that happens as the project moves between different settings (administrative, natural, technical, political and locality). It shows how the project gains...

  16. Chapitre IV. Les agricultures

    OpenAIRE

    Galinier, Jacques

    2016-01-01

    Les Otomis tirent l'essentiel de leurs revenus de l'agriculture. Mais la diversité des conditions géographiques et climatiques introduit d'impressionnantes disparités dans la mise en valeur du sol. La frange montagneuse et côtière remarquablement privilégiée contraste avec le haut pays, comme la lande de Texcatepec. Au centre du paysage agricole, le maïs tient la première place. Avec la culture des haricots et du piment, il réalise la triade fondamentale de l'alimentation otomi, comme dans la...

  17. Agriculture and Water Quality. Issues in Agricultural Policy. Agriculture Information Bulletin Number 548.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowder, Bradley M.; And Others

    Agriculture generates byproducts that may contribute to the contamination of the United States' water supply. Any effective regulations to ban or restrict agricultural chemical or land use practices in order to improve water quality will affect the farm economy. Some farmers will benefit; some will not. Most agricultural pollutants reach surface…

  18. 40 CFR 180.1180 - Kaolin; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Kaolin; exemption from the requirement... From Tolerances § 180.1180 Kaolin; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. (a) The biochemical pesticide kaolin is temporarily exempted from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the...

  19. 29 CFR 780.724 - Work exempt under another section of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Work exempt under another section of the Act. 780.724..., attention is directed to another exemption in the Act which relates to work in grain elevators, which may... STANDARDS ACT Employment by Small Country Elevators Within Area of Production; Exemption From Overtime...

  20. 29 CFR 783.50 - Work exempt under another section of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Work exempt under another section of the Act. 783.50... LABOR STANDARDS ACT TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Application of the Exemptions § 783.50 Work exempt under another section of the Act. Where an employee performs work during his workweek, some of which...

  1. 49 CFR 376.22 - Exemption for private carrier leasing and leasing between authorized carriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exemption for private carrier leasing and leasing... MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY REGULATIONS LEASE AND INTERCHANGE OF VEHICLES Exemptions for the Leasing Regulations § 376.22 Exemption for private carrier leasing and leasing between authorized carriers....

  2. 49 CFR 525.11 - Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... average fuel economy standard. 525.11 Section 525.11 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... EXEMPTIONS FROM AVERAGE FUEL ECONOMY STANDARDS § 525.11 Termination of exemption; amendment of alternative average fuel economy standard. (a) Any exemption granted under this part for an affected model year...

  3. 40 CFR 180.1204 - Harpin protein; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1204 Harpin protein; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. An... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Harpin protein; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. 180.1204 Section 180.1204 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL...

  4. 40 CFR 180.1097 - GBM-ROPE; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false GBM-ROPE; exemption from the... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1097 GBM-ROPE; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. The grape berry moth pheromone (GBM-ROPE) containing the active ingredients (Z)-9-dedecenyl acetate and...

  5. 40 CFR 1033.630 - Staged-assembly and delegated assembly exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... manufacturer/remanufacturer may request an exemption under 40 CFR 1068.261 instead of under this section. (1... components if they are not emission-related components identified in Appendix I of 40 CFR part 1068. (2) In... configuration, an exemption is required to ship the engine. You may ask for this exemption under 40 CFR...

  6. 26 CFR 48.4041-20 - Partially exempt methanol and ethanol fuel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Partially exempt methanol and ethanol fuel. 48... Partially exempt methanol and ethanol fuel. (a) In general. Under section 4041(m), the sale or use of partially exempt methanol or ethanol fuel is taxed at the rate of 41/2 cents per gallon of fuel sold or...

  7. 9 CFR 121.5 - Exemptions for VS select agents and toxins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... agent or toxin that is contained in a specimen presented for proficiency testing will be exempt from the... grant a specific exemption upon a showing of good cause and upon his or her determination that such... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions for VS select agents...

  8. 40 CFR 142.21 - State consideration of a variance or exemption request.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State consideration of a variance or... State-Issued Variances and Exemptions § 142.21 State consideration of a variance or exemption request. A State with primary enforcement responsibility shall act on any variance or exemption request...

  9. 40 CFR 180.1278 - Quillaja saponaria extract (saponins); exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Quillaja saponaria extract (saponins... RESIDUES IN FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1278 Quillaja saponaria extract (saponins); exemption... (saponins) are exempt from the requirement of a tolerance in or on all food commodities....

  10. 78 FR 56841 - Arbitrage Rebate Overpayments on Tax-Exempt Bonds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-16

    ... Internal Revenue Service 26 CFR Part 1 RIN 1545-BK80 Arbitrage Rebate Overpayments on Tax-Exempt Bonds... recovery of overpayments of arbitrage rebate on tax- exempt bonds and other tax-advantaged bonds. These... certain other rules. These proposed regulations affect issuers of tax-exempt and tax-advantaged...

  11. 40 CFR 180.1022 - Iodine-detergent complex; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Iodine-detergent complex; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. 180.1022 Section 180.1022 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1022 Iodine-detergent complex; exemption from the requirement...

  12. 29 CFR 780.310 - Exemption for local hand harvest laborers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption for local hand harvest laborers. 780.310 Section... 13(a)(6) Statutory Provisions § 780.310 Exemption for local hand harvest laborers. Section 13(a)(6)(C... during the harvest season to harvest crops. The exemption was not intended to apply to a...

  13. 40 CFR 180.1165 - Capsaicin; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Capsaicin; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. 180.1165 Section 180.1165 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1165 Capsaicin; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. Capsaicin...

  14. 78 FR 14622 - BNSF Railway Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Cook County, Ill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Cook County, Ill. BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR part 1152 subpart F-Exempt... the effects, if any, of the abandonment on the environment and historic resources. OEA will issue...

  15. 76 FR 72241 - BNSF Railway Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Cass County, ND

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... Surface Transportation Board BNSF Railway Company--Abandonment Exemption--in Cass County, ND BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) has filed a verified notice of exemption under 49 CFR pt. 1152 subpart F--Exempt... and historic report that addresses the effects, if any, of the abandonment on the environment...

  16. 16 CFR 1500.81 - Exemptions for food, drugs, cosmetics, and fuels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions for food, drugs, cosmetics, and... § 1500.81 Exemptions for food, drugs, cosmetics, and fuels. (a) Food, drugs, and cosmetics. Substances subject to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act are exempted by section 2(f)(2) of the act; but...

  17. 28 CFR 16.99 - Exemption of the Immigration and Naturalization Service Systems-limited access.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of the Immigration and....99 Exemption of the Immigration and Naturalization Service Systems-limited access. (a) The following systems of records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service are exempt from 5 U.S.C. 552a (c) (3)...

  18. 40 CFR 180.1128 - Bacillus subtilis MBI 600; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bacillus subtilis MBI 600; exemption... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1128 Bacillus subtilis MBI 600; exemption from the requirement of... biofungicide Bacillus subtilis MBI 600 in or on all food commodities, including residues resulting from...

  19. 40 CFR 152.20 - Exemptions for pesticides adequately regulated by another Federal agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemptions for pesticides adequately... PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE REGISTRATION AND CLASSIFICATION PROCEDURES Exemptions § 152.20 Exemptions for pesticides adequately regulated by another Federal agency. The...

  20. 40 CFR 52.326 - Area-wide nitrogen oxides (NOX) exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Area-wide nitrogen oxides (NOX... oxides (NOX) exemptions. The Denver Regional Council of Governments (DRCOG) submitted a NOX exemption... area, be exempted from the requirement to meet the NOX provisions of the Federal transportation...

  1. 40 CFR 180.1234 - Sodium carbonate; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sodium carbonate; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. 180.1234 Section 180.1234 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1234 Sodium carbonate; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance....

  2. 40 CFR 180.1056 - Boiled linseed oil; exemption from requirement of tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Boiled linseed oil; exemption from... From Tolerances § 180.1056 Boiled linseed oil; exemption from requirement of tolerance. Boiled linseed... “boiled linseed oil.” This exemption is limited to use on rice before edible parts form....

  3. 76 FR 8942 - Poison Prevention Packaging Requirements; Proposed Exemption of Powder Formulations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-16

    ... COMMISSION 16 CFR Part 1700 Poison Prevention Packaging Requirements; Proposed Exemption of Powder...'') is proposing to amend its child-resistant packaging requirements to exempt powder formulations of two... proposed rule would exempt these prescription drug products on the basis that child-resistant packaging...

  4. 21 CFR 1308.33 - Exemption of certain anabolic steroid products; application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption of certain anabolic steroid products... SCHEDULES OF CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES Exempt Anabolic Steroid Products § 1308.33 Exemption of certain anabolic... compound, mixture, or preparation containing an anabolic steroid as defined in part 1300 of this...

  5. 41 CFR 109-38.204-4 - Report of exempted motor vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Report of exempted motor..., TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 38-MOTOR EQUIPMENT MANAGEMENT 38.2-Registration, Identification, and Exemptions § 109-38.204-4 Report of exempted motor vehicles. DOE offices shall provide upon request...

  6. AGRICULTURE DISEASE MITIGATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sion Hannuna

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Around 52% of the population of India rely on farming for their livelihood which accounts for 17% of India’s GDP. Whilst most farmers are familiar with conventional farming practices, they are often ill positioned to promptly deal with diseases and plant infestations affecting their crops. Current advisory systems tend to be generic and are not tailored to specific plots or farms. This work comprises an agriculture advisory call center similar to a modern call center to provide an agriculture disease mitigation system. The information regarding an individual farm is collected using mobile phones. The image of diseased/infected crop is also captured using mobile phones and is made available to the expert to provide the advisory. To scale the advisory, an attempt is also made to automate the disease recognition process using image processing. Unfortunately, the photos taken will be sensitive to a number of factors including camera type and lighting incident on the scene. Ideally, the images would be processed in such a way as to provide the expert with a visual representation of the affected crops that reflects the true nature of the scene. We describe a framework for standardising the colour of plant images taken using both mobile phones and compact cameras within the context of the advisory system.

  7. COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atănăsoaie George Sebastian

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Farms of CSA types are a viable alternative to trade of agricultural products coming from conventional agriculture. These farms are faced with a number of policy issues related to product, price, distribution and promotion. In order to elucidate the issues listed above, we have investigated the literature of specialty. Farmers must make more flexible the content of basket both quantitatively and in terms of the nature of food products offered. Consumers need information on ways of preparation or preservation of products. The growth of the processing degree in farm, and inclusion in the offer of services in ecotourism represent effective options to satisfy consumers. To offset the negative impact of high prices measures should be taken in reducing costs, more flexibility in rescheduling of payments due from customers and compensate for the lack of financial resources with the provision of farm work or subsidize a portion of the basket value from private or government sources. Delivery of baskets should be both at fixed points and at customers domicile. Farmers must provide customers the possibility so that they could harvest themselves the products they will buy. Negative influence of prices will be reduced by establishing an effective communication policy with the market, by organizing events on the farm or nearby towns, through blogs and social networks, and through participation in fairs and exhibitions. A greater customer involvement in farming activities will lead to the implementation of an effective marketing mix.

  8. 78 FR 36823 - California High-Speed Rail Authority-Construction Exemption-in Merced, Madera and Fresno Counties...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-19

    ... TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board California High-Speed Rail Authority--Construction Exemption--in... construction exemption. SUMMARY: The Board is granting an exemption under 49 U.S.C. 10502 from the prior... System. This exemption is subject to environmental mitigation conditions and the condition that...

  9. 40 CFR 180.1181 - Bacillus cereus strain BPO1; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bacillus cereus strain BPO1; exemption... FOOD Exemptions From Tolerances § 180.1181 Bacillus cereus strain BPO1; exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. An exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of the Bacillus...

  10. Emerging Agricultural Biotechnologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Jennifer A; Gipmans, Martijn; Hurst, Susan; Layton, Raymond; Nehra, Narender; Pickett, John; Shah, Dilip M; Souza, Thiago Lívio P O; Tripathi, Leena

    2016-01-20

    As global populations continue to increase, agricultural productivity will be challenged to keep pace without overtaxing important environmental resources. A dynamic and integrated approach will be required to solve global food insecurity and position agriculture on a trajectory toward sustainability. Genetically modified (GM) crops enhanced through modern biotechnology represent an important set of tools that can promote sustainable agriculture and improve food security. Several emerging biotechnology approaches were discussed in a recent symposium organized at the 13th IUPAC International Congress of Pesticide Chemistry meeting in San Francisco, CA, USA. This paper summarizes the innovative research and several of the new and emerging technologies within the field of agricultural biotechnology that were presented during the symposium. This discussion highlights how agricultural biotechnology fits within the context of sustainable agriculture and improved food security and can be used in support of further development and adoption of beneficial GM crops. PMID:26785813

  11. Sustainable Agriculture: Towards a Conflict Management Based Agricultural Extension

    OpenAIRE

    Mostafa Ahmadvand; Ezatollah Karami

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to provide an alternative conceptual framework for agricultural extension, which can deal with environmental scarcity, conflict and challenges in sustainable way. For this purpose, a brief history of agricultural extension and conflict is introduced and then conflict management approaches are reviewed. Finally, an alternative model is proposed to use conflict management approach as a basis for agricultural extension. The implication of conflict management approach in agr...

  12. Tax-exempt/proprietary partnerships: how the deal gets done.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, M F

    1997-01-01

    Joint venture partnerships between tax-exempt healthcare providers and proprietary companies represent a type of provider-sponsored network. Tax-exempt /proprietary partnerships can help tax-exempt providers attain their strategic objectives and, at the same time, retain some governance involvement and healthcare decision-making authority. Proprietary companies that enter into such partnerships are able to expand their market presence and revenue potential without spending capital on an acquisition. Proprietary companies also gain the tax-exempt partners' goodwill, which could take them years to develop on their own. Before negotiating a partnership agreement, potential partners must assess their respective financial, cultural, organizational, and strategic strengths and weaknesses as well as their overall compatibility. Then they must develop contract terms to bring into the partnership negotiations. These terms include purpose, legal structure, assets/liabilities, governance, management, valuation, profit/loss sharing, capitalization/working capital, human resources, withdrawal from the partnership, noncompete covernants, and tax exemption issues. PMID:10163891

  13. Relevant aspects in the application of exemption and clearance criteria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Nowadays the relevant question in the Radiological Protection is the necessity of the establishment of criteria to remove materials (scrap) from the regulatory control. In 1996, the International Atomic energy Agency -IAEA published the International Basic Safety Standards for Protection Against Ionizing Radiation and for the Safety of Radiation Sources- the BSS-115, which establishes the requirements for exclusion, exemption and clearance for practices, sources, materials and pieces. The BSS's criteria were established in terms of effective dose and the collective effective dose committed expected to be incurred by any member of the public due to practices or sources that will be free from regulatory control (exemption) or a material that will be removed from authorized practices (clearance). In order to become easy to implement these criteria, in the Schedule I of BSS were established exemption levels specified in activity concentration or activity for several radionuclides. These levels that would give rise to doses to appropriate critical groups that correspond to the dose criteria for the exemption of practices. In Brazil the regulatory authority, Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear - CNEN, published in 2005 The Basic Guidelines for Radiological Protection, the CNEN-NN-3.01, incorporating BSS's concepts and criteria for exemption and clearance. However, in the practical implementations of this guidelines during the practices licensing and inspections activities were verified the necessity of clearance criteria in terms of superficial activity, for become accomplishable to implement the monitoring process of pieces and materials (scrap) before remove that from regulatory control (clearance). (author)

  14. Sustainable Agriculture: Towards a Conflict Management Based Agricultural Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmadvand, Mostafa; Karami, Ezatollah

    This study aims to provide an alternative conceptual framework for agricultural extension, which can deal with environmental scarcity, conflict and challenges in sustainable way. For this purpose, a brief history of agricultural extension and conflict is introduced and then conflict management approaches are reviewed. Finally, an alternative model is proposed to use conflict management approach as a basis for agricultural extension. The implication of conflict management approach in agricultural extension is far-reaching: it requires new modes of analysis and different roles and tasks.

  15. Urban agriculture in Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloysius Clemence Mosha

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Botswana, a middle-income country, is experiencing a sluggish economic growth and a rapid urbanisation which has brought in its wake high unemployment, poverty and food insecurity. This has led some people to engage in subsistence and commercial urban and peri-urban agriculture (UPA to address these problems. However, in spite of its known advantages, uptake of UPA has been low for a number of reasons including: high GDP before the economic meltdown of recent years; a harsh climate; lack of water; poor access to land; and over-reliance on generous government handouts. Nevertheless, the extent of its practice and its contribution to food security – albeit modest – shows that it is a sector that needs to be encouraged and supported. Both central and local government can play a big role by providing land and infrastructure, and also by implementing an enabling policy and regulatory environment which promotes small- and medium-scale urban food production.

  16. Agricultural drainage water quality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'Full text:' Agricultural drainage systems have been identified as potential contributors of non-point source pollution. Two of the major concerns have been with nitrate-nitrogen (NO3 - -N) concentrations and bacteria levels exceeding the Maximum Acceptable Concentration in drainage water. Heightened public awareness of environmental issues has led to greater pressure to maintain the environmental quality of water systems. In an ongoing field study, three experiment sites, each with own soil properties and characteristics, are divided into drainage plots and being monitored for NO3 - -N and fecal coliforms contamination. The first site is being used to determine the impact of the rate of manure application on subsurface drainage water quality. The second site is being used to determine the difference between hog manure and inorganic fertilizer in relation to fecal coliforms and NO3-N leaching losses under a carrot rotation system. The third site examines the effect of timing of manure application on water quality, and is the only site equipped with a surface drainage system, as well as a subsurface drainage system. Each of the drains from these fields lead to heated outflow buildings to allow for year-round measurements of flow rates and water samples. Tipping buckets wired to data-loggers record the outflow from each outlet pipe on an hourly basis. Water samples, collected from the flowing drains, are analyzed for NO3 - -N concentrations using the colorimetric method, and fecal coliforms using the Most Probable Number (MPN) method. Based on this information, we will be able better positioned to assess agricultural impacts on water resources which will help towards the development on industry accepted farming practices. (author)

  17. Water Depletion Threatens Agriculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauman, K. A.; Richter, B. D.; Postel, S.; Floerke, M.; Malsy, M.

    2014-12-01

    Irrigated agriculture is the human activity that has by far the largest impact on water, constituting 85% of global water consumption and 67% of global water withdrawals. Much of this water use occurs in places where water depletion, the ratio of water consumption to water availability, exceeds 75% for at least one month of the year. Although only 17% of global watershed area experiences depletion at this level or more, nearly 30% of total cropland and 60% of irrigated cropland are found in these depleted watersheds. Staple crops are particularly at risk, with 75% of global irrigated wheat production and 65% of irrigated maize production found in watersheds that are at least seasonally depleted. Of importance to textile production, 75% of cotton production occurs in the same watersheds. For crop production in depleted watersheds, we find that one half to two-thirds of production occurs in watersheds that have not just seasonal but annual water shortages, suggesting that re-distributing water supply over the course of the year cannot be an effective solution to shortage. We explore the degree to which irrigated production in depleted watersheds reflects limitations in supply, a byproduct of the need for irrigation in perennially or seasonally dry landscapes, and identify heavy irrigation consumption that leads to watershed depletion in more humid climates. For watersheds that are not depleted, we evaluate the potential impact of an increase in irrigated production. Finally, we evaluate the benefits of irrigated agriculture in depleted and non-depleted watersheds, quantifying the fraction of irrigated production going to food production, animal feed, and biofuels.

  18. Water and Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulf Klohn

    1999-10-01

    Full Text Available The growing scarcity of water resources causes concern, especially with reference to agriculture-related applications. Such scarcity is not due to hydrological reasons, but goes back to the dynamics of human society and the way in which the resource is used. Thisarticle emphasizes the basic facts of this dynamic. For instance, while total quantity of water available yearly on our planet has not changed significantly, the human population has increased greatly –consequently, the quantity of water available per person is inferior.Natural disasters multiply themselves and have a greater resonance, perhaps helped by a climatic change, and their impact on society is dramatic. The human beings affected by disasters are generally not only the poorest, but are constrained to living on steep hills,along river beds that easily flood, and in arid regions of scarce productive potential. Beyond this, the volume of water appropriated in one way or another for human use is already considerable and the rhythm of water appropriation cannot be extended towards the future. Irrigation for agriculture itself amounts to about 70% of all water extraction. Our civilization, capable of exploring the solar system, has the technological solutions to the water problems, but the levels of costs and of the necessary social organization for their application make these solutions available only to the richest societies. The technical, economic and social solutions to overcome the water global crisis exist, but their application requires the existence of a political will, and, in many cases, of international cooperation. At present, such political will appears hesitant, and multilateral international cooperation is undergoing a deep crisis. It is necessary for a public opinion to be formed on these topics so that it can find expression at a political level.

  19. Online educational repositories for promoting agricultural knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    C.I. Costopoulou; M.S. Ntaliani; M.T. Maliappis; R. Georgiades; A.B. Sideridis

    2010-01-01

    Towards promoting sustainable agriculture and economic growth, the development of the agricultural workforce and set up of innovative agricultural systems are required. Agricultural educational repositories are systems used for storing, reusing and sharing agricultural learning resources. They contribute to agricultural education at different educational levels and target groups. Thus, this paper firstly provides an overview of Institutional repositories (IRs) and Open Access Archives (OAAs) ...

  20. Isotopes and radiations in agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some of the spectacular advances in agriculture in developing nations have stimulated wide interest both in basic as well as adaptive research and in harnessing all the tools that science can offer for progress of agriculture. The nuclear tools are relevant in this respect and also offer particular promise in some areas. Ionising radiations and isotopes have immense applications in agriculture. Both radioisotopes and stable isotopes are being used

  1. Photovoltaic application in modern agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Huaxin; Muñoz Garcia, Miguel Angel; Moreda Cantero, Guillermo P.

    2015-01-01

    The use of photovoltaic (PV) electricity in modern agriculture has shown its advantages since the 1970s when it was possible to obtain a substantial green energy without the pollution by burning fossil fuels (coal, oil or natural gas) or the threaten of nuclear accident. Due to the price descent of the PV system, some new applications are becoming economically attractive, like the combination of PV and agriculture. Meanwhile, the use of agricultural soils contributes to making photovoltaic a ...

  2. THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS OF AGRICULTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Bromley, Daniel W.

    1996-01-01

    There are three general classes of environmental implications from agriculture: (1) amenity implications; (2) habitat implications; and (3) ecological implications. Environmental "benefits" or "costs" from agriculture require a prior specification of the norm against which the status quo is to be compared. Agriculture is no longer simply an activity that produces commodities for local, regional, national, or international markets. Indeed, in the OECD countries, commodity abundance, not commod...

  3. Sustainable agriculture in the picture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sustainable agriculture in the picture provides a systematic overview of the available data that are relevant for debate on transitions towards sustainable agriculture. Review for the agrocomplex, greenhouse horticulture, dairy farming and pig farming. Indicators on economy, environment, nature, animal welfare, human and animal health. Results achieved in practice for the three dimensions of sustainable agriculture, namely economics ('profit'), ecology ('planet') and socio-cultural ('people')

  4. Organic Agriculture Research in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Ssekyewa, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Development of Organic Agriculture stem from the demand for safe and environmentally friendly food, which arose from outcome mistakes made by the Green Revolution that failed to achieve sustainable food security. Organic Agriculture awareness started from the north where severe negative impacts of the Green Revolution exist. In order to counteract such negative effects to the environment, together with early awareness of the need to conserve the environment, Organic Agriculture spread to the ...

  5. Assessing environmental management in agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Bachev, Hrabrin

    2012-01-01

    This paper incorporates interdisciplinary New Institutional Economics and suggests a holistic framework for assessing the forms and efficiency of environmental management in agriculture. First, it defines environmental management as a specific system of social order regulating behaviour and relations of various agents related to natural environment, and environmental management in agriculture as eco-management associated with agricultural production. Second, it specifies spectrum of modes and...

  6. Economics, Policy, and Organic Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Ingemann, Jan Holm

    2009-01-01

    Is organic agriculture so special that special social theories and methods are needed? The article investigates the question in two steps: First, the article address the question whether agriculture is special. Second, whether organic agriculture is special. It is concluded that from an economic point of view new research suggests that the organic sector can only be conceptualized and understood in the general social context. If the sector is analyzed as independent of general social context,...

  7. Linking nutrition-health-agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Ghosh, S; Griffiths, J. K.; Webb, P.

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural production is intimately linked with health and nutrition as a form of income, a source of food, and a cause of disease. Citing a variety of previous studies, this presentation demonstrates the complexity of the relationships among agriculture and food consumption, food safety, infection, and stunting. The authors demonstrate that increasing agricultural production does not necessarily result in improved nutrition: Although more food may be available, this greater yield may suppl...

  8. Green Agriculture - features and agricultural policy measures for the transition to a sustainable agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Nistor

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Agriculture is one of the most important economic activities in each country or area, as it is in close correlation with all other the other economic activities, in a whole which must be structured so as to achieve a more efficient planning and organization of the territory. The practice of a traditional agriculture, based on industrialization, affects the natural environment through emissions of pollutants, waste and deforestation which together affects biodiversity. Green Agriculture suppose to empower managers to widespread the use of fertilizers, to improve the crop rotation, to realize a more efficient water consumption, to improve the storage methods and the supply chain of products. Agricultural policies are closely interrelated with environmental policies as agricultural activities have a considerable influence on the environment. The efficiency of agricultural policies is reflected in monetary transfers between agriculture and other economic sectors, in the costs due to the reallocation of the resources between different agricultural and non-agricultural activities and in the realized gains. Currently there is a constant concern of the governments for the transition to a green agriculture, and most countries recognize the importance of achieving sustainable economic development.

  9. Healthcare organizations and the Internet: impact on federal tax exemption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woods, LaVerne; Osborne, Michele

    2002-01-01

    Tax-exempt healthcare organizations have turned to the Internet as a powerful tool in communicating with the public, medical staff, and patients. Activities as diverse as providing links to the Web sites of other organizations, selling goods and services, soliciting contributions, and hosting forums on the Internet raise unresolved questions concerning the impact of Internet use on such organizations' tax-exempt status. The Internal Revenue Service has provided no guidance to date regarding the manner in which a nonprofit organizations' use of the Internet may affect its tax-exempt status or subject it to federal income tax on some sources of funds. This article suggests analytical approaches for applying existing law in the Internet context and identifies areas that are ripe for additional guidance. PMID:11974519

  10. The coming changes in tax-exempt health care finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlile, L L; Serchuk, B M

    1995-01-01

    On December 30, 1994, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published proposed regulations (Proposed Regulations) that if enacted would significantly change the climate and rules of federal income tax law controlling the issuance and maintenance of tax-exempt bonds for governmental and 501(c)(3) health care borrowers. This article (1) summarizes the aspects of the Proposed Regulations dealing with private activity tests, management contracts, allocation and accounting rules, change in use of financed facilities, and antiabuse rules, and (2) summarizes the possible interrelationship of the IRS's audit program for tax-exempt bonds and the Proposed Regulations. The article reviews features of the Proposed Regulations that will affect either the costs or administrative burdens of managing the federal tax compliance of future tax-exempt health care borrowings. PMID:8528823

  11. 31 CFR 538.212 - Exempt transactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... authorize transactions incident to the exportation of software subject to the Export Administration Regulations, 15 CFR parts 730-774, or to the exportation of goods, technology or software for use in the... agricultural commodities listed in appendix A to this part 538), medicine, and medical devices. Note to §...

  12. Some tax-exempt bond issues could become taxable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lough, S B; O'Hare, P K

    2000-12-01

    The IRS recently launched a new program to audit healthcare mergers-and-acquisition financing arrangements. To date, the IRS has focused on transactions involving IDSs in which tax-exempt bonds issued on behalf of the participants have been used to prepay the outstanding debt of one or both participants. The IRS is concerned that such tax-exempt financing may involve impermissible advance-refunding of the previous debt, in which case the financing would be deemed taxable and the participants subject to penalties. PMID:11141685

  13. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  14. Uses of ICT in Agriculture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manish Mahant

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT in agriculture is increasingly important. E-Agriculture is an emerging field focusing on the enhancement of agriculture and rural development through improved information and communication processes. More specifically, e-agriculture involves the conceptualization, design, development, evaluation and application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (ICT in rural domain, with a primary focus on agriculture. E-Agriculture is a relatively new term. E-Agriculture is one of the action lines identified in the declaration and plan of action of the WORLD SUMMIT ON THE INFORMATION SOCIETY. The Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO has been assigned the responsibility of organizing activities related to the action line C.7 ICT Applications on E-Agriculture. The main phases of the agriculture industry are : Crop Cultivation, Water Management, Fertilizer Application, Fertigation, Pest Management, Harvesting, Post-Harvest Handling, Transporting of Food/Food Products, Packaging, Food Preservation, Food Processing/Value Addition, Food Quality Management, Food Safety, Food Storage, Food marketing. All stakeholders of agriculture industry need information and knowledge about these phases to manage them efficiently. Any system applied for getting information and knowledge for making decisions in any industry should deliver accurate, complete, concise information n time or on time. The information provided by the system must be in user-friendly form, easy to access, cost-effective and well protected from unauthorized access. Information and Communication Technology (ICT can play a significant role in maintaining the above mentioned properties of information as it consists of three main technologies. They are: Computer Technology, Communication Technology and Information Management Technology. These technologies are applied for processing, exchanging

  15. Genetically Modified Crops: Towards Agricultural Growth, Agricultural Development, or Agricultural Sustainability?

    OpenAIRE

    Azadi, Hossein; Ghanian, Mansour; Ghuchani, Omid M.; Rafiaani, Parisa; Taning, Clauvis N. T.; Hajivand, Roghaye Y.; Dogot, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    The present debate on how to increase global food production in a sustainable way has focused on arguments over the pros and cons of genetically modified (GM) crops. Scientists in both public and private sectors clearly regard GM technology as a major new set of tools, whereas industry sees it as an opportunity for increased profits. However, it remains questionable whether GM crops can contribute to agricultural growth, agricultural development, and agricultural sustainability. This review p...

  16. Nuclear energy for sustainable agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The use of improved crop plants and applying the concepts of integrated plant nutrient and integrated pest management are some of the ways for sustaining agriculture and developing ecofriendly management techniques. Ionizing radiations and isotopes (both stable and radioactive) have in the past been used for many applications in agriculture and they will have immense applications in future also

  17. ICTs for Agriculture in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Zyl, Omri Van; Alexander, Trish; Graaf, Liezl De; Mukherjee, Kamal

    2014-01-01

    The strategic application of information and communications technology (ICT) to the agricultural industry, the largest economic sector in most African countries, offers the best opportunity for economic growth and poverty alleviation on the continent. Food security is paramount for the survival of individuals, families, and ultimately nations, yet Africa's agriculture sector has been in de...

  18. Natural resources in the Agriculture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this investigation is identification the relation between the naturals resources degradation, and the Colombian agriculture productive. It's means a way to quantification the influence of a bad utilization in the water and land resources in the agricultural sector, to guide the sector in to a sustainable development. This objective is to make by an empirical exercise where we built four econometrics models (ordinary minims square) based in the Colombia's history statistic of the variables: land erosion, river sedimentation, plaguicides, Insecticides, Fungicides y Herbicides, agriculture productivity and agriculture yield. The resolute of this exercise is that an increase in the erosion area also the river sedimentation gives a decrease in the agriculture productivity. The same situation happens when it use the consumption of the insecticides and the fungicides which in the long time shows an opposite relation with the yield and productivity. At last we have that the aperture of the ninety's, bring to good changes for the agricultural productivity. So that, it concludes that the rivers and lands degradation affect in the long time the agriculture yield and productivity. The best use in the naturals resources, can help to increase the agricultural development, because it can increase the yield while it maintain for the future the possibility curve of production when it conserve the resources

  19. Paraguay Agricultural Sector Risk Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Arce, Carlos; Arias, Diego

    2015-01-01

    This report is the result of a World Bank mission that visited Paraguay in June 2013 at the request of the Government of Paraguay. The mission’s objective was to identify, quantify, and prioritize agriculture risks that determine the volatility of agriculture gross domestic product (GDP), based on a methodology to assess sector risks developed by the World Bank. The methodology stipulates ...

  20. Preface: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    This book was assembled with the intent of bringing together current advances and in-depth reviews of biocatalysis and agricultural biotechnology with emphasis on bio-based products and agricultural biotechnology. Recent energy and food crises point out the importance of bio-based products from ren...

  1. The role of agricultural entrepreneurship in Dutch agriculture of today

    OpenAIRE

    Lauwere, de, C.C.

    2005-01-01

    It is thought that agricultural entrepreneurs have an important role to play in Dutch agriculture. They are currently being confronted with drastic changes and it is open to question whether or not they are willing and able to deal with such changes. A telephone survey was carried out in order to find an answer to this question. The data presented here are based on the answers from 752 farmers. The questions to be answered were: (1) Which strategies do agricultural entrepreneurs choose to kee...

  2. 7 CFR 210.28 - Pilot project exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... operate the School Breakfast Program (7 CFR part 220) and/or the Special Milk Program for Children (7 CFR... and free and reduced price application requirements of this part and 7 CFR part 245, as necessary, to... authorities of its determination of which requirements are exempted after the Department's selection of...

  3. 76 FR 47288 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... diabetes exemption applications from fifteen individuals and requested comments from the public (76 FR... the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov... practicable protocol to allow some drivers with ITDM to operate CMVs is feasible. The September 3, 2003 (68...

  4. 76 FR 47291 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-04

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-785.pdf... modified by the notice in the Federal Register on November 8, 2005 (70 FR 67777), remain in effect....

  5. 78 FR 1923 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-09

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision..., 2010 (75 FR 82132) at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-12-29/pdf/2010-32876.pdf . FOR FURTHER... by the notice in the Federal Register on November 8, 2005 (70 FR 67777), remain in effect. Issued...

  6. 76 FR 27376 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-11

    ... diabetes exemption applications from seventeen individuals and requested comments from the public (76 FR... the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov... practicable protocol to allow some drivers with ITDM to operate CMVs is feasible. The September 3, 2003 (68...

  7. 75 FR 27616 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... diabetes exemption applications from fifty-three individuals and requested comments from the public (75 FR... Statement in the Federal Register (65 FR 19477, Apr. 11, 2000). This statement is also available at http... protocol to allow some drivers with ITDM to operate CMVs is feasible. The September 3, 2003 (68 FR...

  8. 76 FR 79756 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... the Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-785.pdf... modified by the notice in the Federal Register on November 8, 2005 (70 FR 67777), remain in effect....

  9. 76 FR 26792 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... diabetes exemption applications from eighteen individuals and requested comments from the public (76 FR... the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov... practicable protocol to allow some drivers with ITDM to operate CMVs is feasible. The September 3, 2003 (68...

  10. 46 CFR 520.13 - Exemptions and exceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the carriers' tariffs and do not affect the tariff rates, charges or practices of the carriers. (2... (ii) The controlled carrier operates in a trade served exclusively by controlled carriers. (3... States are exempt from the tariff publication requirements of Act and the rules of this part, where:...

  11. 21 CFR 208.26 - Exemptions and deferrals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... subject to this part shall provide a Medication Guide to any patient who requests information when the...: GENERAL MEDICATION GUIDES FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRODUCTS General Requirements for a Medication Guide § 208... an applicant, may exempt or defer any Medication Guide content or format requirement, except...

  12. 16 CFR 301.39 - Exempted fur products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... the finished fur product, or if a manufacturer's selling price of a fur product does not exceed one... manufacturer's selling price of the fur product, provided such price is used as the basis for exemption. Such... fur trim or other manufactured fur or furs contained in a fur product, exclusive of any costs...

  13. 78 FR 66955 - Exemptions From Certain Prohibited Transaction Restrictions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ...) of the Code and the procedures set forth in 29 CFR Part 2570, Subpart B (76 FR 66637, 66644, October... procedures set forth in 29 CFR Part 2570, Subpart B (55 FR 32836, 32847, August 10, 1990). (a) The exemption... best interest of the UBS Plan or pooled fund. (g) In the case of an IRA owned by an employee,...

  14. 19 CFR 12.104h - Exempt materials and articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....104h Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SPECIAL CLASSES OF MERCHANDISE Cultural Property § 12.104h Exempt materials and articles... material or any article of cultural property which is imported into the U.S. for temporary exhibition...

  15. 21 CFR 1.24 - Exemptions from required label statements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of this part. (5)(i) Soft drinks packaged in bottles shall be exempt from the placement requirements... appears conspicuously on the bottle closure. When such soft drinks are marketed in a multiunit retail... obscured by the multiunit retail package. (ii) A multiunit retail package for soft drinks shall be...

  16. 76 FR 1496 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-10

    ... revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The revision... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-785.pdf... by the notice in the Federal Register on November 8, 2005 (70 FR 67777), remain in effect. Issued...

  17. 75 FR 14652 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... Secretary to revise its diabetes exemption program established on September 3, 2003 (68 FR 52441).\\1\\ The... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also available at http://www... modified by the Notice in the Federal Register on November 8, 2005 (70 FR 67777), remain in effect....

  18. 22 CFR 125.4 - Exemptions of general applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... level of defense service or information involving launch activities including the integration of the... require that the information be published in order to qualify for the exemption. (c) Defense services and... defense services and technical data are limited to paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), and (c)(3) of this...

  19. 26 CFR 1.527-3 - Exempt function income.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... organization, or (iii) Proceeds from a political fund raising or entertainment event, or proceeds from the sale.... Amounts received from fund raising and entertainment events are eligible for treatment as exempt...

  20. 76 FR 79759 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... Report to Congress on the Feasibility of a Program to Qualify Individuals with Insulin-Treated Diabetes... to diabetes management, and is on a stable insulin regimen. These drivers report no other... finds that in each case exempting these applicants ] from the diabetes requirement in 49 CFR...

  1. 75 FR 38597 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Diabetes Mellitus

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... to diabetes management, and is on a stable insulin regimen. These drivers report no other.... Consequently, FMCSA finds that in each case exempting these applicants from the diabetes standard in 49 CFR 391...; Diabetes Mellitus AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT ACTION: Notice of...

  2. 75 FR 8187 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-23

    ... at the end of the 2-year period. The comment period ended on January 11, 2010 (74 FR 65845... Thomas E. Anderson, Garry A. Baker, Bruce W. Barrett, Richard D. Becotte, Wayne Burnett, Theodore W... Background Under 49 U.S.C. 31136(e) and 31315, FMCSA may grant an exemption for a 2-year period if it...

  3. 76 FR 9865 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (65 FR 20245; 65 FR 57230; 67 FR 57266; 69 FR 52741; 71 FR 55820; 71 FR 63379; 72 FR 180; 72 FR 9397; 72 FR... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  4. 76 FR 9859 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (65 FR 45817; 65 FR 77066; 67 FR 71610; 67 FR 76439; 68 FR 10298; 70 FR 7545; 72 FR 7812; 74 FR 6689). Each of... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  5. 76 FR 9861 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-22

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (65 FR 45817; 65 FR 66286; 65 FR 77066; 66 FR 13825; 68 FR 10300; 70 FR 7546; 71 FR 14566; 71 FR 30227; 72 FR... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  6. 75 FR 60861 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Renewals; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... period. The comment period ended on August 26, 2010 (75 FR 44050). Discussion of Comments FMCSA received...; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of final disposition. SUMMARY: FMCSA previously announced its decision to renew the exemptions from the...

  7. 12 CFR 347.215 - Exemptions from deposit insurance requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... importance of maintaining and improving the availability of credit to all sectors of the United States... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemptions from deposit insurance requirement. 347.215 Section 347.215 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS...

  8. 76 FR 737 - Tobacco Products, Exemptions From Substantial Equivalence Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-06

    ... exemptions would be requested for an unknown number of the remaining products. Although in theory the maximum... information. FDA requests comment on the burden and practical utility of the information being requested... ``any substance the intended use of which results or may reasonably be expected to result, directly...

  9. 21 CFR 1301.21 - Exemption from fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... reregistration: (1) Any hospital or other institution which is operated by an agency of the United States... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exemption from fees. 1301.21 Section 1301.21 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE REGISTRATION OF...

  10. 7 CFR 900.700 - Exemption from assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... term “marketing promotion” means marketing research and development projects, and marketing promotion... exemption under 7 CFR parts 906, 915, 916, 917, 922, 923, 924, 925, 927, 929, 930, 931, 932, 947, 948, 955, 956, 958, 959, 966, 979, 981, 982, 984, 985, 987, 989, 993, and such other parts (included in 7...

  11. 75 FR 53171 - Prohibited Transaction Exemption Procedures; Employee Benefit Plans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... the electronic posting of notices of proposed and final prohibited transaction exemptions as published... transaction with the plan). See, for example, PTE 2008-01, 73 FR 3274 (Jan. 17, 2008) and PTE 2009-06, 74 FR...'' (as defined in section 407(d)(2) of ERISA). Most of the transactions prohibited by section 406...

  12. 78 FR 23902 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-23

    ... Food Safety and Inspection Service Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations AGENCY: Food Safety... poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without... operations of types traditionally and usually conducted at retail stores and restaurants when...

  13. 77 FR 24456 - Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-24

    ... Food Safety and Inspection Service Retail Exemptions Adjusted Dollar Limitations AGENCY: Food Safety... poultry products that a retail store can sell to hotels, restaurants, and similar institutions without..., poultry, and poultry products when the preparation or processing produces products in normal...

  14. 21 CFR 1310.13 - Exemption of chemical mixtures; application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REPORTS OF LISTED CHEMICALS AND CERTAIN MACHINES § 1310.13 Exemption of chemical mixtures; application. (a... complete qualitative and quantitative composition of the chemical mixture (including all listed and all non... mixture shall notify DEA in writing, of any change in the quantitative or qualitative composition of...

  15. 77 FR 40945 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (67 FR 15662; 67 FR 37907; 69 FR 26206; 71 FR 4194; 71 FR 13450; 71 FR 26601; 71 FR 32183; 71 FR 41310; 73 FR..., 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http://edocket.access.gpo.gov/2008/pdf/E8-785.pdf . FOR...

  16. 75 FR 14656 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-26

    ... on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also available at http://www.regulations.gov...; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications... individuals for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations....

  17. 75 FR 19674 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 68195; 65 FR 20251; 67 FR 17102; 69 FR 17267; 71 FR 16410; 73 FR 28188; 68 FR 74699; 69 FR 10503; 71 FR... Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This......

  18. 75 FR 22176 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-27

    ... applicants listed in the notice of March 2, 2010 (75 FR 9480). We recognize that the vision of an applicant... Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also... of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (75...

  19. 76 FR 18824 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http...; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications... individuals for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations....

  20. 78 FR 29431 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-20

    ... March 19, 2013 (78 FR 16912). We recognize that the vision of an applicant may change and affect his/her... FR 3316). Background On March 19, 2013, FMCSA published a notice of receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (78 FR 16912). That notice listed...

  1. 77 FR 75496 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-20

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (69 FR 64806; 70 FR 2705; 72 FR 1056; 73 FR 76439; 75 FR 65057; 75 FR 79081; 75 FR 79084). Each of these 11... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  2. 76 FR 29024 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... notice of April 5, 2011 (76 FR 18824). We recognize that the vision of an applicant may change and affect... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (76...

  3. 78 FR 76705 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 27027; 64 FR 40404; 64 FR 51568; 64 FR 54948; 64 FR 66962; 65 FR 159; 66 FR 48504; 66 FR 66969; 68 FR...) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:......

  4. 76 FR 25762 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-05

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (65 FR 33406; 65 FR 57234; 65 FR 66286; 65 FR 78256; 66 FR 13825; 66 FR 16311; 67 FR 46016; 67 FR 57267; 67 FR... Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit......

  5. 75 FR 50799 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-17

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 40404; 64 FR 55962; 67 FR 17102; 69 FR 51346; 71 FR 50970; 73 FR 61927; 64 FR 54948; 65 FR 159; 67 FR... System published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  6. 78 FR 16762 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-18

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (63 FR... System (FDMS) published in the Federal Register on December 29, 2010 (75 FR 82132), or you may visit http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-12-29/pdf/2010-32876.pdf . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine...

  7. 78 FR 51269 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-20

    ... for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (66 FR 17743; 66 FR 33990; 68 FR 35772; 70 FR 33937; 72 FR 21313; 72 FR 32703; 72 FR 32705; 74 FR 26461; 74 FR 26464; 74 FR 34630; 75 FR 72863; 76 FR... January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Elaine M. Papp, Chief,......

  8. 76 FR 37885 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ... applicants listed in the notice of May 5, 2011 (76 FR 25766). We recognize that the vision of an applicant... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (76...

  9. 77 FR 64841 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-23

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http... receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (77 FR... applicant were stated and discussed in detail in the August 29, 2012 notice (77 FR 52381). Basis...

  10. 76 FR 79760 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-22

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 40404; 64 FR 54948; 64 FR 66962; 65 FR 159; 66 FR 66969; 68 FR 69432; 70 FR 57353; 70 FR 72689; 71 FR... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  11. 78 FR 76395 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... the 26 applicants listed in the notice of October 22, 2013 (78 FR 62935). We recognize that the vision... FR 3316). Background On October 22, 2013, FMCSA published a notice of receipt of exemption applications from certain individuals, and requested comments from the public (78 FR 62935). That notice...

  12. 75 FR 27621 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-17

    ... exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 40404; 64 FR 66962; 67 FR 10475; 69 FR 26206; 71 FR 26601; 73 FR 27017; 67 FR 10471; 67 FR 19798; 69 FR 19611; 71 FR 26601; 67 FR 15662; 67 FR 37907; 69 FR 26206... Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65......

  13. 77 FR 41879 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-16

    ... the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit http...; Vision AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of applications... individuals for exemption from the vision requirement in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations....

  14. 78 FR 76704 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-18

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (70 FR 57353; 70 FR 72689; 72 FR 62897; 72 FR 67340; 73 FR 1395; 74 FR 60021; 74 FR 65845; 76 FR 70210; 76 FR...) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:......

  15. 78 FR 22602 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-16

    ... FR 82132), or you may visit http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-12-29/pdf/2010-32876.pdf... individuals, and requested comments from the public (78 FR 12815). That notice listed 21 applicants' case... discussed in detail in the February 25, 2013 notice (78 FR 12815). Basis for Exemption Determination...

  16. 76 FR 21796 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-18

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (65 FR 78256; 66 FR 16311; 67 FR 76439; 68 FR 10298; 68 FR 10301; 68 FR 13360; 68 FR 19596; 69 FR 33997; 69 FR... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  17. 78 FR 65032 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-30

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (66 FR 17743; 66 FR 33990; 68 FR 35772; 70 FR 33937; 72 FR 32705; 74 FR 26464; 76 FR 34135; 76 FR 64169; 76 FR...) published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:......

  18. 77 FR 48590 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-14

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 68195; 65 FR 20251; 67 FR 10471; 67 FR 19798; 67 FR 38311; 67 FR 46016; 67 FR 57267; 69 FR ] 51346; 71... on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316), or you may visit...

  19. 77 FR 40946 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 27027; 64 FR 51568; 64 FR 68195; 65 FR 20251; 67 FR 15662; 67 FR 37907; 67 FR 38311; 68 FR 10302; 68 FR... Privacy Act Statement for the FDMS published in the Federal Register on January 17, ] 2008 (73 FR......

  20. 75 FR 38602 - Qualification of Drivers; Exemption Applications; Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... applicants has satisfied the entry conditions for obtaining an exemption from the vision requirements (64 FR 27027; 64 FR ] 51568; 64 FR 68195; 65 FR 20251; 67 FR 38311; 69 FR 26221; 71 FR 27033; 73 FR 52451; 69... Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19476). This information is also available at...