WorldWideScience

Sample records for agreements

  1. Trade Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Kowalczyk, Carsten; Riezman, Raymond

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews the most significant recent developments in the theory of trade agreements. The paper offers an integrated approach to evaluating trade agreements, and uses the approach to present results on preferential and multilateral trade agreements. The paper identifies also several questions for further research.

  2. Bilateral agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ten bilateral agreements are presented. These are: 1) Co-operation agreement relating to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between Argentina and EURATOM (1996); 2) Agreement on co-operation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between Argentina and Greece (1997); 3) Implementing arrangement for technical exchange and co-operation in the area of peaceful uses of nuclear energy between Argentina and the United States (1997); 4) Agreement concerning co-operation in nuclear science and technology between Australia and Indonesia (1997); 5) Implementation of the 1985 Agreement for co-operation concerning the peaceful uses of nuclear energy between the People's Republic of China and the United States (1998); 6) Protocol of co-operation between France and Lithuania (1997); 7) Agreement on co-operation in energy research, science and technology, and development between Germany and the United States (1998); 8) Agreement on early notification of a nuclear accident and exchange of information on nuclear facilities between Greece and Romania (1997); 9) Agreement on early notification of nuclear accidents and co-operation in the field of nuclear safety between Hungary and the Ukraine (1997); 10) Agreement in the field of radioactive waste management between Switzerland and the United States (1997). (K.A.)

  3. Agreement Highlights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Chen Yunlin, President of the mainland’s Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits and Chiang Pinkung, Chairman of Taiwan-based Straits Exchange Foundation, signed agreements on direct air, shipping and postal services and food safety cooperation during their summit in Taipei on November 4. Direct Flights——The two sides agree to launch a cargo charter flight service between two mainland terminals, Pudong in Shanghai and Guangzhou airports, and two Taiwan ones, Taoyuan and Kaohsiung.

  4. Agreement technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Ossowski, Sascha

    2013-01-01

    More and more transactions, whether in business or related to leisure activities, are mediated automatically by computers and computer networks, and this trend is having a significant impact on the conception and design of new computer applications. The next generation of these applications will be based on software agents to which increasingly complex tasks can be delegated, and which interact with each other in sophisticated ways so as to forge agreements in the interest of their human users. The wide variety of technologies supporting this vision is the subject of this volume. It summarises

  5. Agreement Workflow Tool (AWT)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — The Agreement Workflow Tool (AWT) is a role-based Intranet application used for processing SSA's Reimbursable Agreements according to SSA's standards. AWT provides...

  6. Nuclear cooperation agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear cooperation agreements are reviewed in tabular form, especially agreements with developing countries. The reporting countries are the USA, the Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, Australia, Japan, and France. A separate EURATOM list is annexed

  7. Shareholders' agreements in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2010-01-01

    The article warns that with effect from 1 March 2010, the new Danish Companies Act (on public and private limited companies) has seriously weakened the effect of shareholders’ agreements which have been entered into on Danish companies. These agreements (in the act’s new terminology: “owners......’ agreements”) cannot bind the company within the sense of company law under the new state of law, and voting rights agreements, agreements on right of pre-emption etc. will therefore only apply at the level of contract law between the parties to the agreement. This article for European Business Law Review...... analyses the consequences of this. Rights and duties in the owners’ agreements must now be reiterated to the greatest possible extent in the company’s articles of association so that the precepts become binding on the company and its management. Whether the parties to the owners’ agreement can be required...

  8. Misinterpretations in agreement and agreement attraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patson, Nikole D; Husband, E Matthew

    2016-05-01

    It has been well established that subject-verb number agreement can be disrupted by local noun phrases that differ in number from the subject head noun phrase. In sentence production, mismatches in the grammatical number of the head and local noun phrases lead to agreement errors on the verb as in: the key to the cabinets are. Similarly, although ungrammaticality typically causes disruption in measures of sentence comprehension, the disruption is reduced when the local noun phrase has a plural feature. Using a forced-choice comprehension question method, we report two experiments that provide evidence that comprehenders were likely to misinterpret the number information on the head noun phrase when morphosyntactic number markings on the local noun phrase and verb did not match the head. These results are consistent with a growing body of research that suggests that comprehenders often arrive at a final interpretation of a sentence that is not faithful to the linguistic input. PMID:25624171

  9. Financing petroleum agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter describes the typical type of financing agreements which are currently used to finance North Sea petroleum projects whether they are in the cause of development or have been developed and are producing. It deals with the agreements which are entered into to finance borrowings for petroleum projects on a non-resource or limited resource basis. (UK)

  10. The Homomorphic Key Agreement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    There are various challenges that are faced in group communication, so it is necessary to ensure session key. Key agreement is the fundamental cryptographic primitive for establishing a secure communication. It is a process of computing a shared secret contributed by two or more entities such that no single node can predetermine the resulting value. An authenticated key agreement is attained by combining the key agreement protocol with digital signatures. After a brief introduction to existing key agreement in group communication, Making use of the additive-multiplicative homomorphism in the integer ring defined by Sander and Tschudin: A new protocols, called the homomorphism key agreement, was designed, which can be self-contributory, robust, scalable and applicable in group communication.

  11. International Fisheries Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pintassilgo, Pedro; Kronbak, Lone Grønbæk; Lindroos, Marko

    2015-01-01

    This paper surveys the application of game theory to the economic analysis of international fisheries agreements. The relevance of this study comes not only from the existence of a vast literature on the topic but especially from the specific features of these agreements. The emphasis of the survey...... is on coalition games, an approach that has become prominent in the fisheries economics literature over the last decade. It is shown that coalition games were first applied to international fisheries agreements in the late 1990s addressing cooperative issues under the framework of characteristic...... formation and stability of international fisheries agreements. A key message that emerges from this literature strand is that self-enforcing cooperative management of internationally shared fish stocks is generally difficult to achieve. Hence, the international legal framework and regulations play a...

  12. The DMT's agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes the numerous collaboration agreements signed by the Department of Mechanics and Technology (DMT) from the Direction of Nuclear Reactors (DRN) of the CEA with foreign research organisms and universities. (J.S.)

  13. Trade Agreements PTI

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — The objective of the Trade Agreements PTI is to advance CBP’s mission by working with internal and external stakeholders to facilitate legitimate trade and address...

  14. AGREEMENTS CONCLUDED ELECTRONICALLY

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Popovici, József-Attila Forró

    2010-01-01

    The internet is not merely a means of communication but also an important instrument in operating commercial relations. The agreements concluded electronically have as legal frame the law nr. 365/2002 on electronic commerce. The present article outlines the main discussions generated by this type of agreements: pre-contractual obligation of information, time of conclusion, the relative nullity of contracts concluded by electronic means, the right to unilateral withdrawal of contract, long-dis...

  15. Agreement on African Venture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Mining giant Rio Tinto and Chinese aluminum company Chalco say they are committed to an iron ore project in Guinea china’s biggest aluminum producer Aluminum Corp. China Ltd.(Chalco) signed a binding agreement with the world’s second largest mining company,Rio Tinto,on July 29 in Beijing.

  16. Contract agreements via logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Bartoletti

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available We relate two contract models: one based on event structures and game theory, and the other one based on logic. In particular, we show that the notions of agreement and winning strategies in the game-theoretic model are related to that of provability in the logical model.

  17. Coefficients for Interrater Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zegers, Frits E.

    1991-01-01

    The degree of agreement between two raters rating several objects for a single characteristic can be expressed through an association coefficient, such as the Pearson product-moment correlation. How to select an appropriate association coefficient, and the desirable properties and uses of a class of such coefficients--the Euclidean…

  18. Marine and coastal agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    Six Central American nations have signed an agreement to improve coastal habitats, including mangrove swamps, beaches, and coral reefs.Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama signed the Convention on Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific on 18 February.

  19. The Sicomines Agreement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jansson, Johanna

    ), was to the benefit of the policy preferences of the IMF and the World Bank. This case thus indicates that since China’s own aspirations are changeable, its emergence as an alternative development partner may not bring about any substantive change of direction for the DRC’s international relations....... Furthermore, the investment into the DRC’s mining sector is in itself beneficial for the country, and the renegotiation of the agreement was positive in the sense that the Congolese state guarantee for the mining component was removed. However, the question of whether the Sicomines agreement is a good deal...... for the DRC will remain unanswered until the infrastructure projects have been delivered. The importance of the Congolese Agency for Public Works’ task to price each project and ensure that monitoring is conducted properly can therefore not be overestimated....

  20. Green service level agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Iqbal, Ahmed; Alexandra, Klimova; Rondeau, Eric; Andrei, Rybin

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, when most businesses are moving forward to sustainability by providing or getting different services from different vendors, Service Level Agreement (SLA) becomes very important for both the business providers/vendors and for users/customers. There are many ways to inform users/customers about various services with the inherent execution functionalities and even nonfunctional/ Quality of Service (QoS) aspects through SLAs. However, these basic SLA actually did not cover eco-efficien...

  1. Seismic contracts and agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some points to consider regarding management of seismic projects within the Canadian petroleum industry were reviewed. Seismic projects involve the integration of many services. This paper focused on user-provider relationships, the project planning process, competitive bid considerations, the types of agreement used for seismic and their implications, and the impact that certain points of control may have on a company: (1) initial estimate versus actual cost, (2) liability, (3) safety and operational performance, and (4) quality of deliverables. The objective is to drive home the point that in today's environment where companies are forming, merging, or collapsing on a weekly basis , chain of command and accountability are issues that can no longer be dealt with casually. Companies must form business relationships with service providers with a full knowledge of benefits and liabilities of the style of relationship they choose. Diligent and proactive management tends to optimize cost, safety and liability issues, all of which have a bearing on the points of control available to the company

  2. VHA Data Sharing Agreement Repository

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The VHA Data Sharing Agreement Repository serves as a centralized location to collect and report on agreements that share VHA data with entities outside of VA. It...

  3. Predicting word sense annotation agreement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinez Alonso, Hector; Johannsen, Anders Trærup; Lopez de Lacalle, Oier;

    2015-01-01

    High agreement is a common objective when annotating data for word senses. However, a number of factors make perfect agreement impossible, e.g. the limitations of the sense inventories, the difficulty of the examples or the interpretation preferences of the annotations. Estimating potential...... agreement is thus a relevant task to supplement the evaluation of sense annotations. In this article we propose two methods to predict agreement on word-annotation instances. We experiment with a continuous representation and a three-way discretization of observed agreement. In spite of the difficulty of...

  4. Labor Agreement Information System (LAIRS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Labor Agreement Information Retrieval System (LAIRS) is a database containing historical information on labor-management relations in the Federal Government. It...

  5. Voluntary agreements in environmental policy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A typically voluntary agreement is signed between the authorities and an industrial sector in order to reduce the emission of environmentally harmful substances. There are many different types of agreements. Voluntary agreements are not strictly voluntary, since in the background there is often some kind of ''threat'' about taxation or fees if the industry is unwilling to cooperate. This type of agreements has become popular in many OECD countries during the last decades. In Norway there are only a few agreements of this type. Experience with the use of voluntary agreements as well as research show that they are less cost-effective than market-based instruments such as taxes and quota systems. If there are great restrictions on the use of taxes and quota systems because of information- or measurement problems, or because these instruments are not politically acceptable, then voluntary agreements may be an interesting alternative. Thus, voluntary agreements are best used as a supplement to other instruments in some niche areas of the environmental policy. In some cases, voluntary agreements may be used between two countries or at a regional level, for example within the EU

  6. Agreements at the Pharmaceutical/University Interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ku, Katherine

    1987-01-01

    Specific agreements that arise at the interface between universities and pharmaceutical companies are described including sponsored research agreements, license agreements, clinical study agreements, material transfer agreements, and patient consent forms with respect to commercialization rights. (Author/MLW)

  7. Federal Facility Agreement progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-01

    The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas.

  8. Federal Facility Agreement progress report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The (SRS) Federal Facility Agreement (FFA) was made effective by the US. Environmental Protection Agency Region IV (EPA) on August 16, 1993. To meet the reporting requirements in Section XXV of the Agreement, the FFA Progress Report was developed. The FFA Progress Report is the first of a series of quarterly progress reports to be prepared by the SRS. As such this report describes the information and action taken to September 30, 1993 on the SRS units identified for investigation and remediation in the Agreement. This includes; rubble pits, runoff basins, retention basin, seepage basin, burning pits, H-Area Tank 16, and spill areas

  9. Corporate Integrity Agreement (CIA) documents

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — OIG negotiates corporate integrity agreements (CIA) with health care providers and other entities as part of the settlement of Federal health care program...

  10. Rater agreement in lung scintigraphy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The PIOPED criteria in their original and revised forms are today's standards in the interpretation of ventilation-perfusion scintigraphy. When the PIOPED criteria are used by experienced raters with training in consensus interpretation, the agreement rates have been demonstrated to be excellent. Our purpose was to investigate the rates of agreement between 2 experienced raters from different hospitals who had no training in consensus interpretation. Material and Methods: The 2 raters investigated a population of 195 patients. This group included 72 patients from a previous study who had an intermediate probability of pulmonary embolism and who had also been examined by pulmonary angiography. Results: The results demonstrated moderate agreement rates with a kappa value of 0.54 (0.45-0.63 in a 95% confidence interval), which is similar to the kappa value of the PIOPED study but significantly lower than the kappa values of agreement rates among consensus-trained raters. There was a low consistency in the intermediate probability category, with a proportional agreement rate of 0.39 between the experienced raters. Conclusion: The moderate agreement rates between raters from different hospitals make it difficult to compare study populations of a certain scintigraphic category in different hospitals. Further investigations are mandatory for accurate diagnosis when the scintigrams are in the category of intermediate probability of pulmonary embolism. (orig.)

  11. Flexible climate agreements after 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Kyoto agreement is only a small step towards much stronger and broader commitments and new creativity is needed to further develop a really global climate policy. A flexible approach is necessary to obtain broad participation and substantial reduction of the emissions of greenhouse gases. Flexibility is also important to ease negotiations, to ensure cost-effectiveness and implement a global climate agreement. The US withdrawal from the Kyoto Protocol has rendered the agreement much less effective than the original goal of five per cent reduction of the emission from the industrialized countries. In addition the emissions are increasing much faster in countries that have not committed themselves to the agreement. The agreement runs out in 2012 and should be followed by a new agreement, the negotiations about which are to start up no later than 2005. Attempts by the European Union to begin a discussion about future commitments were very quickly wrecked by the G77 group with strong support from the U.S.A. To formulate a practical climate policy the general goal in the Climate Convention must be interpreted and specified. It may seem impossible to agree upon a long-term goal. But the clarity it provides will be very useful. It will be a guide for short-term goals and a reference for evaluation of success

  12. From the bargain/bargaining "agreement" to the shipping agreement to the shipping agreement (I)

    OpenAIRE

    Anechitoae Constantin; Cojoc Mariana; Grigorut Cornel; Grigorut Lavinia-Maria

    2010-01-01

    The analysis of the legal components of the boarding agreement shows that this contract, in fact, is an individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period, with a particular suite of elements determined by very specific of the sailor profession. The individual boarding agreement is an undefined legal concept, which incidentally regulates the meaning of "individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period" by employees who are part of the crew

  13. From the bargain/bargaining "agreement" to the shipping agreement to the shipping agreement (III)

    OpenAIRE

    Anechitoae Constantin; Grigorut Cornel; Cojoc Mariana; Grigorut Lavinia-Maria

    2010-01-01

    The analysis of the legal components of the boarding agreement shows that this contract, in fact, is an individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period, with a particular suite of elements determined by very specific of the sailor profession. The individual boarding agreement is an undefined legal concept, which incidentally regulates the meaning of "individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period" by employees who are part of the crew

  14. From the bargain/bargaining "agreement" to the shipping agreement to the shipping agreement (II)

    OpenAIRE

    Anechitoae Constantin; Cojoc Mariana; Grigorut Cornel; Grigorut Lavinia-Maria

    2010-01-01

    The analysis of the legal components of the boarding agreement shows that this contract, in fact, is an individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period, with a particular suite of elements determined by very specific of the sailor profession. The individual boarding agreement is an undefined legal concept, which incidentally regulates the meaning of "individual employment contract concluded for a fixed period" by employees who are part of the crew

  15. 48 CFR 25.403 - World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements. 25.403 Section 25.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS FOREIGN ACQUISITION Trade Agreements 25.403 World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements....

  16. Between voluntary agreement and legislation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gwozdz, Wencke; Hedegaard, Liselotte; Reisch, Lucia

    2009-01-01

    Voluntary agreements and self-imposed standards are broadly applied to restrict the influence food advertising exerts on children’s food choices – yet their effects are unknown. The current project will therefore investigate whether and, if yes, how the Danish Code for Responsible Food Marketing...

  17. Form 6 - gas balancing agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 1988, a special Committee of the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation undertook a project to draft a model from gas balancing agreement. This project was initiated at the request of a number of Foundation members who felt that a model form gas balancing agreement would facilitate the negotiation of operating agreement, since gas balancing issues had become sticking points in the process. The Committee was composed of attorneys representing a wide cross-section of the oil and gas industry including both major and independent oil companies, production companies with interstate pipeline affiliates, and private practitioners. The Committee attempted to address the more controversial issues in gas balancing with optional provisions in the Form. To facilitate the negotiation process, the number of optional provisions was minimized. This form may be used as an Appendix to the new A.A.P.L. Form 610-1989 Model Form Operating Agreement. This book includes provision of this Form which are: Ownership of gas production; Balancing of production accounts; Cash balancing upon depletion; Deliverability tests; Nominations; Statements; Payment of taxes; Operating expenses; Overproducing allowable; Payment of leasehold burdens; Operator's liability; Successors and assigns; Audits; Arbitration; and Operator's fees

  18. Managing Enterprise Service Level Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Yang Li

    2010-01-01

    The continued trend of globalization and technology improvement like the internet and transportation have spawned an increasing number of complex service chains that span across local, regional and national boundaries. Service level agreement (SLA) plays a crucial role in gluing service chains together. In that regard, this paper provides a complete guidance of end-to-end lifecycle management of SLA, including SLA-aware service modelling and terms optimization, contract drafting and complianc...

  19. Service Level Agreements in BREIN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koller, Bastian; Frutos, Henar Munoz; Laria, Giuseppe

    With electronic business (eBusiness) becoming ubiquitous, the traditional ways of doing commerce need to be changed or completely replaced to support the end users effectively in performing their business. This includes especially the representation of business relationships with an electronic format to allow for automated processing of the respective parts of e.g. contractual obligations. One prominent representation tool are Service Level Agreements. Conceptually established as paper representation to describe parts of contracts of telecom operators, SLAs have become a research topic in the ICT domain now since several years.

  20. 7 CFR 947.111 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 947.111 Section 947.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Definitions § 947.111 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement means Marketing Agreement No. 114, as amended....

  1. 46 CFR Sec. 4 - Service agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service agreements. Sec. 4 Section 4 Shipping MARITIME... Service agreements. Contract MA ___ Service Agreement, Federal Port Controller This agreement, made as of... diligence to protect the interests of the United States in support of any deployment of the Armed Forces...

  2. 5 CFR 2421.20 - Election agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Election agreement. 2421.20 Section 2421... Election agreement. Election agreement means an agreement under part 2422 of this subchapter signed by all... representation election in an appropriate unit....

  3. Sexual Agreements among Gay Male Couples

    OpenAIRE

    Hoff, Colleen H.; Beougher, Sean C.

    2008-01-01

    Many gay male couples make agreements about whether or not to permit sex with outside partners, yet little is known about the development and maintenance of these agreements, their impact on relationships, and whether they are an effective HIV prevention strategy. Using semi-structured, qualitative interviews, 39 gay male couples were asked about their sexual agreements and about other relationship dynamics that might affect their agreements. Analysis revealed a wide range of agreement types,...

  4. 22 CFR 124.1 - Manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturing license agreements and technical... ARMS REGULATIONS AGREEMENTS, OFF-SHORE PROCUREMENT AND OTHER DEFENSE SERVICES § 124.1 Manufacturing... manufacturing license agreements, technical assistance agreements, distribution agreements, or...

  5. 48 CFR 225.403 - World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements. 225.403 Section 225.403 Federal Acquisition... FOREIGN ACQUISITION Trade Agreements 225.403 World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement and Free Trade Agreements. (c) For acquisitions of supplies covered by the World Trade...

  6. 75 FR 74732 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    ... after November 24, 2010. Agreement No.: 012111. Title: Hainan PO Shipping Co., Ltd. and TS Lines Ltd. Slot Charter Agreement. Parties: Hainan PO Shipping Co., Ltd. and T.S. Lines Ltd. Filing Party: Neal...

  7. 48 CFR 1542.1203 - Processing agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Novation and Change of Name Agreements 1542.1203 Processing agreements. (a... required documentary evidence. (2) Verify the accuracy of the list of contracts through the...

  8. 78 FR 26779 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-08

    ...). Agreement No.: 012206. Title: Industria Armamento Meridionale S.P.A./K-Line Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Industria Armamento Meridionale S.P.A. (``Inarme'') and Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd. Filing Party: John...

  9. 78 FR 68444 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... . Agreement No.: 010071-040. Title: Cruise Lines International Association Agreement. Parties: AMA Waterways.... By Order of the Federal Maritime Commission. Karen V. Gregory, Secretary. BILLING CODE 6730-01-P...

  10. 75 FR 54884 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ...: HLAG/HSDG Trans-Atlantic Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Hamburg Sud and Hapag-Lloyd. Filing Parties...: The agreement authorizes Hapag-Lloyd to charter space to Hamburg Sud in the trade between New York...

  11. 76 FR 68187 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ....gov . Agreement No.: 012034-004. Title: Hamburg Sud/Maersk Line Vessel Sharing Agreement. Parties: Hamburg-Sud and A.P. Moeller-Maersk A/S. ] Filing Party: Wayne Rohde, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor; 1627 I...

  12. 77 FR 71192 - Notice of Agreement Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    ....: 012190. Title: HSDG-GWF Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Hamburg Sud and Great White Fleet Liner..., DC 20006-4007. Synopsis: The agreement authorizes Hamburg Sud to charter space to Great White...

  13. 78 FR 55697 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-11

    ... . Agreement No.: 012139-001. Title: OVSA/MSC Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Hamburg-Sud, MSC Mediterranean... Sud North America, Inc.; Hanjin Shipping Company, Ltd.; Hapag-Lloyd (America), Inc; Horizon Lines,...

  14. 76 FR 61704 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-05

    ... requirement. Agreement No.: 012136. Title: HSDG/ML/MSC Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Hamburg-Sud, A.P... authorizes Hamburg-Sud and Maersk to charter space to Med Shipping in the trade between U.S. Atlantic...

  15. 77 FR 74013 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... Agreement. Parties: Hamburg Sud and Compania Chilena De Navegacion Interoceanica, S.A. Filing Party: Wayne R... agreement authorizes Hamburg Sud to charter space to CCNI in the trade between ports in California and...

  16. 75 FR 14245 - Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ... to meet the logistic needs of the military services which cannot be met by existing commercial... Maritime Administration Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement AGENCY: Maritime Administration, DOT. ACTION: Notice of Voluntary Intermodal Sealift Agreement (VISA). SUMMARY: The Maritime Administration...

  17. TRIPs Agreement, Important Multilateral WTO Treaty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oana-Maria Florescu

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at presenting the content and the frame of the TRIPs. Agreement. It starts by introducing the reader to the terms that defined the world economical climate by the time of the Agreement negociation. Also, it explains the need of having an Agreement on intellectual property rights with impact on the business world. Moreover, the article reviews the main provisions of the Agreement and the most important intellectual property rights.

  18. Legal risks at foreign business agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Leppäkoski, Mika

    2015-01-01

    Abstract: The primary objective of this study is to understand the framework how to build an inter-national business agreements, complexity of agreements in the multinational trade and its' regulation, laws and finally evaluate and discuss the potential legal risks which may occur in these international agreements. Objectives: Objectives for this study has been that find an answer to a question: "How to make an international business agreements according to international and loca...

  19. The administrative review of concession agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Fatmira Hajdari

    2014-01-01

    Concession agreements represent the most utilized and preferred legal option in the exercise of public functions by private entities. Before entering into a concessionary agreement, there is a special procedure that takes place, and that is one of the distinctive characteristics of this type of contract vis-a-vis other civil contracts. This procedure is provided for under the Public procurement law. Consequently, all agreements stemming from the exercise of the concession agreement are regula...

  20. 46 CFR 356.41 - Management agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... which the management company provides marketing services, consulting services or other services that are... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management agreements. 356.41 Section 356.41 Shipping..., Management Agreements and Exclusive or Long-Term Contracts § 356.41 Management agreements. (a) An owner...

  1. 7 CFR 946.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 946.101 Section 946.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... WASHINGTON Rules and Regulations Definitions § 946.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement...

  2. 7 CFR 966.111 - Marketing Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing Agreement. 966.111 Section 966.111 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... and Regulations Definitions § 966.111 Marketing Agreement. Marketing Agreement means...

  3. 7 CFR 917.101 - Marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing agreement. 917.101 Section 917.101 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... CALIFORNIA Rules and Regulations Definitions § 917.101 Marketing agreement. Marketing agreement...

  4. 76 FR 2114 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION Notice of Agreements Filed The Commission hereby gives notice of the filing of the following agreements under the Shipping Act of 1984. Interested parties may submit comments on the agreements to the Secretary, Federal Maritime Commission,...

  5. 49 CFR 1325.2 - Credit agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Credit agreements. 1325.2 Section 1325.2... OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) CARRIER RATES AND SERVICE TERMS EXTENSION OF CREDIT TO CANDIDATES FOR FEDERAL OFFICE OR THEIR REPRESENTATIVES § 1325.2 Credit agreements. (a) All agreements to extend credit...

  6. 48 CFR 1819.7209 - Credit agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Credit agreements. 1819... ADMINISTRATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS NASA Mentor-Protégé Program 1819.7209 Credit agreements. (a) The credit permits the mentor to include the cost it expends on a mentor-protégé agreement...

  7. 50 CFR 81.3 - Cooperative Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) the recovery potential of the species; (3) the taxonomic status, e.g., giving full species priority... Project Agreement can be approved for endangered or threatened species projects. A cooperative agreement... SPECIES OF FISH, WILDLIFE, AND PLANTS-COOPERATION WITH THE STATES § 81.3 Cooperative Agreement....

  8. 7 CFR 900.109 - Mediation agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Mediation agreement. 900.109 Section 900.109 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Mediation agreement. An agreement arrived at by mediation shall not become effective until approved by...

  9. 77 FR 58592 - Modified Norway Post Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... Modified Norway Post Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recently-filed Postal Service request to include a modified Norway Post Agreement... existing bilateral agreement for inbound competitive services with Posten Norge AS (Modified Norway...

  10. 75 FR 82025 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... of the agreement. Agreement No.: 012034-002. Title: Hamburg Sud/Maersk Line Vessel Sharing Agreement. Parties: Hamburg-Sud and A.P. Moeller-Maersk A/S. Filing Party: Wayne Rohde, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor; 1627 I... Interoceanica, S.A. and Hamburg Sud. Filing Party: Wayne Rohde, Esq.; Cozen O'Connor; 1627 I Street, NW.;...

  11. 47 CFR 27.602 - Lease agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Lease agreements. 27.602 Section 27.602... Lease agreements. Guard Band licensees may enter into spectrum leasing arrangements under part 1... following conditions: (a) The spectrum lease agreement between the licensee and the spectrum lessee...

  12. 77 FR 71001 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-28

    .... Agreement No.: 012188-000. Title: Matson/Kyowa Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Matson Navigation Company, Inc. (``Matson'') and Kyowa Shipping Co., Ltd. (``Kyowa''). Filing Party: Sloan White; Matson; 555...: Matson/Kyowa Space Charter Agreement for Guam and Pacific Islands. Parties: Matson Navigation...

  13. China-ASEAN investment agreement negotiations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Huiping

    2006-01-01

    China and the ASEAN are negotiating to establish a free trade area and an investment agreement is an integral part of it.The ongoing investment agreement negotiations have achieved some basic consensus as to specific contents of the agreement.However,due to the procedural obstacles and substantive controversies,the negotiations have become stagnant.In order to reach a final and successful conclusion of the investment agreement,the procedural obstacles should be' overcome and the substantive controversies be settled since the agreement has economic and political implications for both China and the ASEAN.

  14. 22 CFR 124.6 - Termination of manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Termination of manufacturing license agreements... Termination of manufacturing license agreements and technical assistance agreements. The U.S. party to a manufacturing license or a technical assistance agreement must inform the Directorate of Defense Trade...

  15. Analyzing rater agreement manifest variable methods

    CERN Document Server

    von Eye, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Agreement among raters is of great importance in many domains. For example, in medicine, diagnoses are often provided by more than one doctor to make sure the proposed treatment is optimal. In criminal trials, sentencing depends, among other things, on the complete agreement among the jurors. In observational studies, researchers increase reliability by examining discrepant ratings. This book is intended to help researchers statistically examine rater agreement by reviewing four different approaches to the technique.The first approach introduces readers to calculating coefficients that allow one to summarize agreements in a single score. The second approach involves estimating log-linear models that allow one to test specific hypotheses about the structure of a cross-classification of two or more raters'' judgments. The third approach explores cross-classifications or raters'' agreement for indicators of agreement or disagreement, and for indicators of such characteristics as trends. The fourth approach compa...

  16. The cross-border cooperation agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Cătălin-Silviu SĂRARU

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to achieve a short analysis of cross-border cooperation agreements between territorial-administrative units in the border areas of Romania and similar structures in neighboring states. The article investigates the form they takes these agreements – contract or treaty –, the role of multinational enterprises and the law applicable to transnational contracts, the cross-border cooperation agreement governed by Law no. 215/2001 on local public administration and its legal nature. ...

  17. Safeguards agreements - Their legal and conceptual basis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The application of Agency safeguards requires treaty arrangements (Safeguards Agreements) between the State or States concerned and the Agency. The authority for the Agency to conclude such agreements and to implement them is provided for in the Agency's Statute. On the basis of the statutory provisions safeguards principles and procedures have been elaborated. These have been laid down in: The Agency's Safeguards System 1965, extended in 1966 and 1968; and the basis for negotiating safeguards agreements with NNWS pursuant to NPT. The verification of the undertaking by the State concerned not to use items subject to safeguards for purposes contrary to the terms of the agreement is ensured through the application of various safeguards measures. Containment and surveillance measures are expected to play an increasingly important role. One of the specific features of NPT Safeguards Agreements is the establishment of national systems of accounting and control of nuclear material. The majority of the agreements concluded under the non-NPT safeguards agreements implement obligations undertaken under co-operation agreements between States for peaceful uses of nuclear energy. These agreements naturally reflect approaches adopted by the parties, in particular regarding the circumstances under which safeguards should be applied. Thus, the concepts used in the non-NPT safeguards agreements and the Safeguards System document, which is incorporated in these agreements by reference, are in continuous evolution. The Agency's Safeguards System document (INFCIRC/66/Rev.2) continues to be supplemented in practical application and through explicit decision by the Board. The non-NPT safeguards agreements contain, besides technical safeguards provisions from this document, and further provision for notification, inventories and financial matters, legal and political provisions such as sanctions in the case of non-compliance, and privileges and immunities. The paper discusses the

  18. Semantic gender agreement: Dutch and German compared

    OpenAIRE

    Kraaikamp, M. Van

    2016-01-01

    This paper compares pronominal gender agreement in Dutch and German. Pronouns do not always agree with the gender of their antecedent: instead of agreeing with the lexical gender of the noun, they show semantic gender agreement. This is known to occur with human referents in both Dutch and German. In Dutch, pronouns can agree semantically with non-human referents as well, based on their degree of individuation. This type of agreement has been found in several Germanic varieties. It has been s...

  19. Agreements on emission of greenhouse gases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agreements on emission of greenhouse gases is one of the instruments used by Norwegian authorities to meet their obligations with respect to the Climate Convention and the Kyoto Protocol. This book discusses the legal issues raised by these agreements. A main topic is how the industrial emissions conform to the Pollution Act. Does the Pollution Act apply to these emissions? What is the impact of the sanction rules in this act on the emissions? The book also deals with the following general questions that arise in connection with the application of public authority: (1) Can the administration grant concessions and permits in the form of agreements? (2) What commitments can be imposed on a private party by the administration by agreement? (3) Should the procedures set down in the Pollution Act and in the Public Administration Act be followed fully when the pollution authorities make agreements? Is the opportunity of the administration to reverse more restricted when they make agreements than when they make one-sided decisions? Although this discussion primarily deals with the emission of greenhouse gases, the reasoning and conclusions are relevant in many other types of agreements in which the public administration is one of the parties. The agreement that regulates the emissions of greenhouse gases from the Norwegian aluminium industry is described in a special section. The book also gives a brief account of how agreements are used in the Danish climate policy

  20. 7 CFR 3431.18 - Service agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.18 Service agreement. (a) The...

  1. AN IMPROVED AUTHENTICATED KEY AGREEMENT PROTOCOL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    In 1999, Seo and Sweeney proposed a simple authenticated key agreement protocol that was designed to act as a Diffie-Hellman key agreement protocol with user authentication.Various attacks on this protocol are described and enhanced in the literature. Recently, Ku and Wang proposed an improved authenticated key agreement protocol, where they asserted the protocol could withstand the existing attacks. This paper shows that Ku and Wang's protocol is still vulnerable to the modification attack and presents an improved authenticated key agreement protocol to enhance the security of Ku and Wang's protocol. The protocol has more efficient performance by replacing exponentiation operations with message authentication code operations.

  2. Tense and Agreement in German Agrammatism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenzlaff, Michaela; Clahsen, Harald

    2004-01-01

    This study presents results from sentence-completion and grammaticality-judgment tasks with 7 German-speaking agrammatic aphasics and 7 age-matched control subjects examining tense and subject-verb agreement marking. For both experimental tasks, we found that the aphasics achieved high correctness scores for agreement, while tense marking was…

  3. Drafting International Commercial Agreements - a Primer

    OpenAIRE

    Wautelet, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    This presentation is used as a basis for a course on drafting international commercial agreements. It is complemented by two cases studies. The course is mainly addressed to non lawyers and is hence rather practice than law oriented. The course is not linked to one jurisdiction or one type of contract in particular, but attempts to address general issues related to international commercial agreements.

  4. 23 CFR 635.115 - Agreement estimate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... submitted by the STD for each force account project (see 23 CFR part 635, subpart B) when the plans and... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Agreement estimate. 635.115 Section 635.115 Highways... CONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE Contract Procedures § 635.115 Agreement estimate. (a) Following the award...

  5. LEASING CONTRACT IN THE LEASING AGREEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Prudnikova A. E.

    2014-01-01

    The presented publication is devoted to the analysis of legal nature of the contract of financial rent (leasing). The article presents the existing approaches to the concept of a leasing agreement, also attempted to determine the place of contract in the lease agreement

  6. 7 CFR 1424.5 - Agreement process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agreement process. 1424.5 Section 1424.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) COMMODITY CREDIT CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS BIOENERGY PROGRAM § 1424.5 Agreement process. (a)...

  7. Cooperative monitoring of regional security agreements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pregenzer, A.L.; Vannoni, M.; Biringer, K.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Nonproliferation and Arms Control Analysis Dept.

    1996-11-01

    This paper argues that cooperative monitoring plays a critical role in the implementation of regional security agreements and confidence building measures. A framework for developing cooperative monitoring options is proposed and several possibilities for relating bilateral and regional monitoring systems to international monitoring systems are discussed. Three bilateral or regional agreements are analyzed briefly to illustrate different possibilities. These examples illustrate that the relationship of regional or bilateral arms control or security agreements to international agreements depends on a number of factors: the overlap of provisions between regional and international agreements; the degree of interest in a regional agreement among the international community; efficiency in implementing the agreement; and numerous political considerations. Given the importance of regional security to the international community, regions should be encouraged to develop their own infrastructure for implementing regional arms control and other security agreements. A regional infrastructure need not preclude participation in an international regime. On the contrary, establishing regional institutions for arms control and nonproliferation could result in more proactive participation of regional parties in developing solutions for regional and international problems, thereby strengthening existing and future international regimes. Possible first steps for strengthening regional infrastructures are identified and potential technical requirements are discussed.

  8. 76 FR 74060 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-30

    ... geographic scope to include Sri Lanka, the United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Korea, and Australia. Agreement... Agriculture Investment Export, Inc. Filing Party: Wade S. Hooker, Esquire, 21 Central Park W.; New York, NY 10024. Synopsis: The agreement authorizes Great White Fleet to charter space to Agriculture...

  9. 78 FR 48729 - Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to a Global Plus 1C agreement. This notice.... Introduction On August 1, 2013, the Postal Service filed notice, pursuant to 39 CFR 3015.5, that it has...

  10. 7 CFR 247.4 - Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... provide, or cause to be provided, nutrition education to participants, as required in § 247.18; (2) An... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.4 Agreements. (a) What agreements...

  11. Agreement of Personality Profiles across Observers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrae, Robert R.

    1993-01-01

    To assess cross-observer agreement on personality profiles, an Index of Profile Agreement and an associated coefficient are proposed that take into account both the difference between the ratings and the extremes of their mean. Data from the Revised NEO Personality Inventory for 250 peer ratings/self-reports and 68 spouse ratings/self-reports…

  12. Semantic gender agreement: Dutch and German compared

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Kraaikamp

    2016-01-01

    This paper compares pronominal gender agreement in Dutch and German. Pronouns do not always agree with the gender of their antecedent: instead of agreeing with the lexical gender of the noun, they show semantic gender agreement. This is known to occur with human referents in both Dutch and German. I

  13. 26 CFR 601.802 - Cooperative agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... writing by mutual agreement between the Internal Revenue Service and the program sponsor at any time. Modifications will be based upon factors such as an inability to utilize all funds available under a cooperative agreement, the availability of additional funds and an ability to effectively utilize additional funds,...

  14. 77 FR 5013 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    ... parties requested expedited review. Agreement No.: 012154. Title: APL/Hamburg Sud Space Charter Agreement. Parties: American President Lines, Ltd., APL Co. Pte Ltd., and Hamburg Sud KG. Filing Party: Eric C... authorizes APL to charter space to Hamburg Sud in the trade from Asia to the U.S. Pacific Northwest. By...

  15. Agreement Attraction in Comprehension: Representations and Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagers, Matthew W.; Lau, Ellen F.; Phillips, Colin

    2009-01-01

    Much work has demonstrated so-called attraction errors in the production of subject-verb agreement (e.g., "The key to the cabinets are on the table", [Bock, J. K., & Miller, C. A. (1991). "Broken agreement." "Cognitive Psychology, 23", 45-93]), in which a verb erroneously agrees with an intervening noun. Six self-paced reading experiments examined…

  16. Nuclear arbitration: Interpreting non-proliferation agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the core of the nuclear non-proliferation regime lie international agreements. These agreements include, inter alia, the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty, nuclear co-operation agreements and nuclear export control agreements.1 States, however, do not always comply with their obligations under these agreements. In response, commentators have proposed various enforcement mechanisms to promote compliance. The inconvenient truth, however, is that states are generally unwilling to consent to enforcement mechanisms concerning issues as critical to national security as nuclear non-proliferation.3 This article suggests an alternative solution to the non-compliance problem: interpretation mechanisms. Although an interpretation mechanism does not have the teeth of an enforcement mechanism, it can induce compliance by providing an authoritative interpretation of a legal obligation. Interpretation mechanisms would help solve the non-compliance problem because, as this article shows, in many cases of alleged non-compliance with a non-proliferation agreement, the fundamental problem has been the lack of an authoritative interpretation of the agreement, not the lack of an enforcement mechanism. Specifically, this article proposes arbitration as the proper interpretation mechanism for non-proliferation agreements. It advocates the establishment of a 'Nuclear Arbitration Centre' as an independent branch of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and recommends the gradual introduction of arbitration clauses into the texts of non-proliferation agreements. Section I begins with a discussion of international agreements in general and the importance of interpretation and enforcement mechanisms. Section II then discusses nuclear non-proliferation agreements and their lack of interpretation and enforcement mechanisms. Section III examines seven case studies of alleged non-compliance with non-proliferation agreements in order to show that the main problem in many cases

  17. Bayesian methods for measures of agreement

    CERN Document Server

    Broemeling, Lyle D

    2009-01-01

    Using WinBUGS to implement Bayesian inferences of estimation and testing hypotheses, Bayesian Methods for Measures of Agreement presents useful methods for the design and analysis of agreement studies. It focuses on agreement among the various players in the diagnostic process.The author employs a Bayesian approach to provide statistical inferences based on various models of intra- and interrater agreement. He presents many examples that illustrate the Bayesian mode of reasoning and explains elements of a Bayesian application, including prior information, experimental information, the likelihood function, posterior distribution, and predictive distribution. The appendices provide the necessary theoretical foundation to understand Bayesian methods as well as introduce the fundamentals of programming and executing the WinBUGS software.Taking a Bayesian approach to inference, this hands-on book explores numerous measures of agreement, including the Kappa coefficient, the G coefficient, and intraclass correlation...

  18. Cooperative monitoring of regional security agreements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pregenzer, A.L.; Vannoni, M.; Biringer, K.L.

    1995-08-01

    This paper argues that cooperative monitoring plays a critical role in the implementation of regional security agreements and confidence building measures. A framework for developing cooperative monitoring options is proposed and several possibilities for relating bilateral and regional monitoring systems to international monitoring systems are discussed. Three bilateral or regional agreements are analyzed briefly to illustrate different possibilities: (1) the demilitarization of the Sinai region between Israel and Egypt in the 1970s; (2) the 1991 quadripartite agreement for monitoring nuclear facilities among Brazil, Argentina, The Argentine-Brazilian Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the International Atomic Energy Agency; and (3) a bilateral Open Skies agreement between Hungary and Romania in 1991. These examples illustrate that the relationship of regional or bilateral arms control or security agreements to international agreements depends on a number of factors: the overlap of provisions between regional and international agreements; the degree of interest in a regional agreement among the international community; efficiency in implementing the agreement; and numerous political considerations.Given the importance of regional security to the international community, regions should be encouraged to develop their own infrastructure for implementing regional arms control and other security agreements. A regional infrastructure need not preclude participation in an international regime. On the contrary, establishing regional institutions for arms control and nonproliferation could result in more proactive participation of regional parties in developing solutions for regional and international problems, thereby strengthening existing and future international regimes. Possible first steps for strengthening regional infrastructures are identified and potential technical requirements are discussed.

  19. Do Trade Agreements Stimulate International Trade Differently? Evidence from 296 Trade Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Kohl, Tristan; Brakman, Steven; Garretsen, Harry

    2013-01-01

    In a seminal paper, Rose (2004) found that the assumed positive impact of the WTO on international trade was questionable. This finding has been scrutinized and modified in subsequent research, using different datasets, econometric methods and separating the WTO from other forms of trade agreements. A key characteristic of this literature is the rather simplistic way in which trade agreements are treated whereby all trade agreements are lumped together. Trade agreements come, however, in many...

  20. Client/consultant model services agreement

    CERN Document Server

    International Federation of Consulting Engineers

    2006-01-01

    The terms of the Client Consultant Model Services agreement (The White Book) have been prepared by the Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs-Conseils (FIDIC) and are recommended for general use for the purposes of pre-investment and feasibility studies, designs and administration of construction and project management, where proposals for such services are invited on an international basis. They are equally adaptable for domestic agreements. - See more at: http://fidic.org/books/clientconsultant-model-services-agreement-4th-ed-2006-white-book#sthash.3Uxy5qT3.dpuf

  1. Service level agreements for cloud computing

    CERN Document Server

    Wieder, Philipp; Theilmann, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    Service Level Agreements for Cloud Computing provides a unique combination of business-driven application scenarios and advanced research in the area of service-level agreements for Clouds and service-oriented infrastructures. Current state-of-the-art research findings are presented in this book, as well as business-ready solutions applicable to Cloud infrastructures or ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) environments. Service Level Agreements for Cloud Computing contributes to the various levels of service-level management from the infrastructure over the software to the business layer, includ

  2. 46 CFR 298.38 - Partnership agreements and limited liability company agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Duration of the entity; (b) Adequate partnership or limited liability company funding requirements and... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Partnership agreements and limited liability company... liability company agreements. Partnership and limited liability company agreements must be in form...

  3. EMI-EDGI Operational Level Agreement

    CERN Document Server

    Di Meglio, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This document is the Operational Level Agreement signed by EMI and EDGI for the contribution of middleware from EDGI into the EMI distribution and the definition of service levels compatible with the existing EMI SLAs

  4. 45 CFR 96.132 - Additional agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... the provision of other appropriate services (including health, social, correctional and criminal... Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION BLOCK GRANTS Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant § 96.132 Additional agreements. (a) With respect...

  5. Interagency Agreement for Wildland Fire Management

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The objectives of this Master Cooperative Wildland Fire Management Agreement are to provide a basis for cooperation among the agencies on all aspects of wildland...

  6. 77 FR 58140 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... increases CMA CGM's slot allocation via implementing a structural purchase. Agreement No.: 012118-002. Title... supplement to pay for the fender improvements to Berth 1. By Order of the Federal Maritime Commission....

  7. 76 FR 76411 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-07

    ... Lines Co., Ltd., China Shipping Container Lines (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd., and Hainan P O Shipping Co., Ltd.... Synopsis: The agreement authorizes China Shipping to charter space to Hainan P O in the trade between the...

  8. Site specific agreement : Lake Mason Wetland

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The site-specific agreement describes purpose and scope of the partnership between Ducks Unlimited, Inc. and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to manage wetlands for...

  9. 78 FR 6325 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-30

    ... Carrier Pacific AS/Compania Sud Americana de Vapores S.A. Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Siem Car Carrier Pacific AS and Compania Sud Americana de Vapores S.A. Filing Party: Ashley W. Craig Esq.;...

  10. 76 FR 41794 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... Co. Pte Ltd.; Compania Chilena de Navigacion Interoceanica, S.A.; Compania Sud Americana de Vapores... address of Hamburg Sud, and removes King Ocean Service de Venezuela, S.A. as a participant. Agreement...

  11. 78 FR 53455 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... Space Charter Agreement. Parties: Hamburg Sud and Hapag-Lloyd AG. Filing Party: Wayne R. Rohde, Esq... Hamburg Sud to charter space to Hapag-Lloyd in the trade between the U.S. Atlantic Coast, and ports...

  12. 75 FR 8719 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-25

    ... Agreement. Parties: Hamburg Sud and Hapag-Lloyd AG. Filing Party: Wayne R. Rohde, Esq.; Sher & Blackwell LLP... charter slots to Hamburg Sud on its service in the trade between ports on the U.S. Atlantic and...

  13. Power sales contract/energy supply agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors involved in negotiating power purchase/sales arrangements in Ontario's newly deregulated electricity market are described, and the ways in which they will evolve in the future are predicted. Indications are that the trends that will govern the changes in the electric power industry will be the same as those that existed in the natural gas industry. For this reason, a comparative evaluation of purchase and sale agreements in the two industries was provided. Traditional power purchase arrangements, including requests for proposals, the seller's response, the memorandum of understanding, and the principal terms of a traditional bilateral power purchase agreement were examined. The author predicted that over time, and probably fairly fast in power pool jurisdictions, the traditional power purchase agreement will give way to the concept of energy as a pure commodity and to a standard form of agreement. 1 appendix

  14. The Paris Agreement to Ignore Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Clive L Spash

    2016-01-01

    At the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change held in Paris, France, 30 November to 11 December 2015, an Agreement was reached by the international community including 195 countries. The Agreement has been hailed, by participants and the media, as a major turning point for policy in the struggle to address human induced climate change. The following is a short critical commentary in which I briefly explain why ...

  15. Statement of Agreements Registered With The Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document contains a statement of all the agreements which had been registered with the Agency by 30 June 1960 under the Regulations for the Registration of Agreements adopted by the Board of Governors in implementation of Article XXII. B of the Statute. In compliance with Article VI of the Regulations this statement is hereby transmitted to all Members of the Agency for their information. A copy is also being sent to the Secretary-General of the United Nations

  16. Free Trade Agreements and External Tariffs

    OpenAIRE

    Baybars Karacaovali

    2010-01-01

    There has been a proliferation of preferential trade agreements within the last two decades. In this paper I analyze the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on external tariffs under a political economy setup. I extend the Grossman and Helpman (1995) model by determining tariff rates endogenously instead of assuming they are fixed during or after the formation of FTAs. I show that for an exogenously established FTA, the tariff rates that apply to non-members essentially decline once the F...

  17. Efficient Password-Typed Key Agreement Scheme

    CERN Document Server

    Aboud, Sattar J

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we will study Lee, Kim and Yoo, a verifier password typed key agreement scheme and demonstrate that the scheme is not secure. Then, the authors will propose an enhanced verifier typed key agreement scheme relied on Lee, Kim and Yoo scheme and demonstrate that the propose scheme resists against password guessing attack and stolen verifier attack. The authors are claimed that the proposed scheme is more secure and efficient compare with Lee, Kim and Yoo.

  18. Agreement text contrastive analysis: English vs Russian

    OpenAIRE

    STEPANOVA V.V.; KISELEVA L.A.

    2014-01-01

    The article studies the incongruity of the structure and stylistic organization of an agreement as one of the types of legal discourse in English and Russian. The comparative analysis of certain stylistic differences connected with the structure and content of agreement and the tips for translation suggested in this concise work are aimed at better understanding and interpreting the legal document of the given format.

  19. Improved Authenticated Multi-Key Agreement Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hua; YUAN Zheng; WEN Qiaoyan

    2006-01-01

    Zhou et al give an attack on Harn's modified authenticated multi-key agreement protocol, and give a protocol that can prevent the unknown key-share attack. The paper points out that the protocol is vulnerable to a concatenation attack. This paper proposes an improved authenticated multi-key agreement protocol which shows how to make Harn's protocol more secure by modifying the signature and verification. And this protocol can escape the concatenation attack.

  20. Scrutinized: The TRIPS Agreement and Public Health

    OpenAIRE

    Subhan, Junaid

    2006-01-01

    SUMMARY The World Trade Organization’s (WTO’s) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of 1994 seeks to implement a uniform set of intellectual property protection across member nations to provide greater stability in international economic relations. Critics argue that the TRIPS agreement provides unnecessarily strong protection of intellectual property rights which serves to prevent the ill in developing nations from having access to affordable essential m...

  1. The administrative review of concession agreements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatmira Hajdari

    2014-01-01

    The practice of concessionary agreements in Albania is only in its early steps of development. Furthermore, the legislation that provides for the concession agreements has suffered changes to reflect the international legislation. All of which have led to the case law encountering various issues, which we have only humbly tried to reflect in this paper, while also providing our opinion with regard to addressing them.

  2. Do Trade Agreements Increase Food Trade?

    OpenAIRE

    Mujahid, Irfan; Kalkuhl, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    In addition to multilateral trade agreements under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the world has seen a remarkable proliferation of regional trade agreements (RTAs) in the last two decades. This study investigates the impacts of these multilateral and regional trade institutions on food trade. The Gravity model of international trade is used for the empirical analysis. The model is developed in a large panel data setting and attempted to address some potential problems in the estimation i...

  3. "Strategic International Agreement on Global Environment Management"

    OpenAIRE

    Kazuharu Kiyono; Masahiro Okuno-Fujiwara

    2004-01-01

    When future international agreement on global environmental control is anticipated, decisions for controlling current carbon gas emissions by improving the country's abatement capabilities are strongly affected by the likelihood of such agreements as well as their probable outcome. We construct a two-period, two-country model where the quality of the atmospheric environment is a global public capital. Countries invest in abatement investments in the first period and engage in production activ...

  4. The practical outfall of DOE compliance agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perhaps the significant regulatory issue facing the Department of Energy (DOE or the Department) is the compliant treatment, storage, and disposal of mixed (radioactive and hazardous) waste. Since DOE'S By-Product Rulemaking in 1987, when the Department acknowledged that the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) applied to the hazardous component of mixed waste, DOE has repeatedly communicated to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and host States that, for mixed waste, DOE is not always able to strictly comply with RCRA standards and that bringing treatment on-line in an expeditious manner is proving very difficult. One of the most effective methods used between DOE and its regulators to address mixed waste management issues is the negotiation of compliance agreements. These agreements establish formal mile stones for bringing DOE sites into compliance. The milestones are not completed without overcoming technical roadblocks and a struggle for funding. However, agreements can establish technically attainable compliance methods that take into account the special problems radiation introduces into RCRA waste management. Compliance agreements help promote a cooperative relationship within the Department and between DOE and its regulators in that all parties have reached agreement and have a stake in attaining the same goal. Where agreements exist, mixed waste compliance efforts can proceed in a situation where all parties have a full understanding of each other's needs and expectations. (author)

  5. The Danish Curve Breaker Agreement model - a voluntary agreement to break the electricity consumption curve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarby, Christian (Public Sector Affairs, The Danish Electricity Saving Trust (Denmark)); Pagh Nielsen, Karen Marie (Alectia A/S (Denmark)); Fjordbak, Troels (IT Energy ApS (Denmark))

    2009-07-01

    Both the public and private company sectors are continually acquiring more electrically powered equipment. Consequently, electricity consumption has risen by more than 1% per year over the last 10 years in Denmark (Danish Energy Agency, 2008). Curve Breaker Agreements were introduced in Denmark in 2007 by The Danish Electricity Saving Trust, an independent institution led by a Board appointed by the Danish Ministry of Climate and Energy. The agreements commit organisations and companies signing the agreements to reduce their electricity consumption and 'break the rising electricity curve', typically over a 3-year period. This paper describes the Curve Breaker Agreement model and analyses the effectiveness of initiatives and solutions in different agreements. The analysis is based on empirical research covering 115 agreements concluded by 18 March 2009. The research also includes remotely metered electricity consumption data and interviews with agreeing partners. The results showed that agreements should be concluded at macro level. An important precondition of the agreement follow-up process is that both parties should be able to track the electricity consumption of an individual organisation on a website. 115 agreements have been concluded in about 2 years, and by December 2008 the list of signatories included one third of all Danish municipalities, government ministries and public sector institutions, as well as a number of large private companies. The latest survey of electricity consumption in the Danish public sector indicates that the consumption curve by signatories of Curve Breaker Agreements has generally been broken, and is heading lower.

  6. India has got the best possible agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Indians wanted an agreement that will be acceptable to their people and the IAEA wanted to make sure that Uncle Sam was on board. The positions of both are reflected in the balanced document that has been emerged from negotiations. The terms of the proposed inspections have been set without compromising India's sovereign right to manage its nuclear facilities in its best interests in the spirit of the India-US Joint Statement of 2005. The non-proliferationists complain that India got away with too much and the liberationists complain that India gave away too much in the negotiations on the safeguards agreement. The fact that India has nuclear weapons make the inspections less stringent. The expectations is that as India switches to indigenous fuel, the inspections will cease altogether. Much has been said about the reference to the 'corrective measures' that India may take in the event of disruption of supplies. The non- proliferationists and the liberationists find this provision too vague. One windfall that has come in India's way, whether by design or as logical consequence of the new approach, is that the other safeguards agreements, which are applicable to facilities that use imported fuel, will be suspended as long as the new safeguards agreement is in force. The goodwill of the IAEA and its Director General, Mohammed ElBaradei, has played a major role in the accomplish of this agreement.

  7. International standards and agreements in food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The economies of both developed and developing countries have been effected by their exported food and agricultural products. Trading policies of food and agricultural products are governed by international agreement as well as national regulations. Trade in food and agricultural commodities may be affected by both principal Agreements within the overall World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement, though neither specifically refers to irradiation or irradiated foods. The principal Agreements are the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement and the Sanitary and Phyto sanitary (SPS) Agreement. The SPS of the WTO requires governments to harmonize their sanitary and phyto sanitary measures on as wide basis as possible. Related standards, guidelines and recommendations of international standard setting bodies such as the Codex Alimentarius Commission (food safety); the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) (plant health and quarantine); and International Office of Epizootic (animal health and zoo noses) should be used in such a harmonization. International Standards for Phyto sanitary Measures (ISPM) no.18 was published under the IPPC by FAO (April 2003, Rome-Italy). ISPM standard provides technical guidance on the specific procedure for the application of ionizing radiation as a phyto sanitary treatment for regulated pests or articles. Moreover, Codex Alimentarius Commission, Codex General Standard for Irradiated Foods (Stand 106-1983) and Recommended International Code of Practice were first published in 1983 and revised in March 2003. Scope of this standard applies to foods processed by ionizing radiation that is used in conjunction with applicable hygienic codes, food standards and transportation codes. It does not apply to foods exposed to doses imparted by measuring instruments used for inspection purposes. Codex documents on Principles and Guidelines for the Import/Export Inspection and Certification of Foods have been prepared to guide

  8. International standards and agreements in food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The economies of both developed and developing countries have been effected by their exported food and agricultural products. Trading policies of food and agricultural products are governed by international agreement as well as national regulations. Trade in food and agricultural commodities may be affected by both principal Agreements within the overall World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement, though neither specifically refers to irradiation or irradiated foods. The principal Agreements are the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreement and the Sanitary and Phyto sanitary (SPS) Agreement. The SPS of the WTO requires governments to harmonize their sanitary and phyto sanitary measures on as wide basis as possible. Related standards, guidelines and recommendations of international standard setting bodies such as the Codex Alimentarius Commission (food safety); the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) (plant health and quarantine); and International Office of Epizootic (animal health and zoo noses) should be used in such a harmonization. International Standards for Phyto sanitary Measures (ISPM) no.18 was published under the IPPC by FAO (April 2003, Rome-Italy). ISPM standard provides technical guidance on the specific procedure for the application of ionizing radiation as a phyto sanitary treatment for regulated pests or articles. Moreover, Codex Alimentarius Commission, Codex General Standard for Irradiated Foods (Stand 106-1983) and Recommended International Code of Practice were first published in 1983 and revised in March 2003. Scope of this standard applies to foods processed by ionizing radiation that is used in conjunction with applicable hygienic codes, food standards and transportation codes. It does not apply to foods exposed to doses imparted by measuring instruments used for inspection purposes. Codex documents on Principles and Guidelines for the Import/Export Inspection and Certification of Foods have been prepared to guide international

  9. Vienna Agreement law 15.986 it approve Vienna Agreement for Protection ozone layer and annex

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Agreement of Vienna is approved with respect to the protection of the Layer of Ozono, definitions,general duties, research and observations systematics, co-operation in the Spheres Scientific Juridical, and information, Technological Conference, transmission from the protocols, amends, secretariat, adoption to the agreement or the protocols, adoption and amendment of controversy, signing, ratify, approve annexes, solution or vote, relation approving, adhesion, rights between the present agreement and its protocols, entrance in vigor, reserves, retirement, deposition, exchange of information

  10. Agreement Execution Process Study: CRADAs and NF-WFO Agreements and the Speed of Business

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrer, Bruce J.; Cejka, Cheryl L.; Macklin, Richard; Miksovic, Ann

    2011-02-01

    This report summarizes the findings of a study on the execution of Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and Non-Federal Work for Others (NF-WFO) agreements across the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratory complex. The study provides quantitiative estimates of times required to negotiate and execute these agreements across the DOE complex. It identifies factors impacting on cycle times and describes best practicies used at various laboratories and site offices that reduce cycle times.

  11. THE APPROVAL OF THE SETTELMENT AGREEMENT BY ARBITRATION COURT, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE CONCLUDED MEDIATED AGREEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maslennikova L. V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses the issue of the relationship between mediated agreements and settlement and their legal inter-relationship, as well as critical comments regarding the lack of imperative requirements in Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27.07.2010 N 193-F3 "On alternative procedure for settling disputes with the use of an intermediary (mediation procedure" to the contents of the mediated settlement agreements which are subsequently endorsed by the arbitral court as settlement agreements

  12. Australian Workplace Agreements under Work Choices

    OpenAIRE

    Kristin van Barneveld

    2006-01-01

    This paper details how AWAs are made under the Workplace Relations Amendment (Work Choices) Act 2005. The Work Choices amendments introduce significant changes to agreement-making. The most significant of these changes are the abolition of the no-disadvantage test, the effect of termination of agreements, and the new ‘safety net’ provided by the Fair Pay and Conditions Standard. Employers have welcomed these changes as a step closer to a system of common law regulation of the employment r...

  13. Free Trade Agreements Are Cause for Hope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Financial Times

    2011-01-01

    @@ On October 21, three bilateral trade agreements have passed the US House of Representatives and Senate.But the votes came with a sense of relief rather than celebration from their supporters, and resignation rather than anger from their opponents. Very occasionally, common sense soars above political partisanship and economic short-termism to inspire hopeeven in the most jaded investor.The passing by US Congress of free trade agreements between America and Colombia, Panama and South Korea would be cause for celebration at the best of times.

  14. Cooperative research and development agreements at METC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ludlow, J.C.; Jarr, L.A.; Anderson, R.J.

    1995-06-01

    The Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-502) provided a new mechanism for joint research between private parties and the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC). Joint projects under this law are called Cooperative Research And Development Agreements (CRADAs) and are simply agreements between METC and the private sector to work together on a mutually beneficial project. Of primary interest to METC is the development and deployment of: (1) clean, efficient power generation technologies, (2) technologies for the characterization and exploitation of the Nation`s natural gas resource, and (3) environmental remediation technologies.

  15. AFRA. African Regional Co-operative Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication provides an outline of the African Regional Co-operation Agreement for research, development and training related to nuclear science and technology (AFRA). The agreement stems from an initiative of several African member states of the IAEA to get the agency to help establish an African regional arrangement which would be similar to arrangements which were already in place in the Asian and Latin American regions. Through this regional approach to development, AFRA seeks to accelerate moves toward self-sufficiency in scientific disciplines and appropriate technologies by coordinating intellectual and physical resources and disseminating innovative methods and practices in a cost-effective manner

  16. Authenticated Key Agreement in Group Settings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ming; WANG Yong; GU Da-wu; BAI Ying-cai

    2006-01-01

    An enhanced definition of implicit key authentication and a secure group key agreement scheme from pairings are presented. This scheme combines the merits of group public key and key trees to achieve a communication-efficient and authenticated group key agreement protocol. Besides, it avoids dependence on signature or MAC by involving member's long-term keys and short-term keys in the group key. Furthermore, the idea behind this design can be employed as a general approach to extend the authenticated two-party Diffie-Hellman protocols to group settings.

  17. 30 CFR 881.5 - Cooperative agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.5 Cooperative... represented by the Director, and the State. The agreement shall establish the total estimated cost of the project and, if the project is to be accomplished in phases, the estimated cost of each phase. The...

  18. 77 FR 37043 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... authorizes Wan Hai to charter slots to PIL in the trade from California to China. Agreement No.: 200163-004.... Gregory, Secretary. BILLING CODE 6730-01-P ... Wharves, Port of Houston Authority, Lake Charles Harbor and Terminal District, Manatee County...

  19. Administering the Labor Agreement. Manager Development Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of the Army, Washington, DC.

    Prepared under the direction of Headquarters, Department of the Army with the aid of subject matter specialists and technicians, this guide was designed to facilitate the preparation for and presentation of a course in administering local labor agreements. The five sessions, intended for first-line supervisors involved in day-to-day administration…

  20. 78 FR 49784 - Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning the modification of Global Plus 1C negotiated service.... Commission Action IV. Ordering Paragraphs I. Introduction On August 8, 2013, the Postal Service filed...

  1. 78 FR 33864 - Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning an amendment to Priority Mail Contract 33. This notice.... Introduction On May 24, 2013, the Postal Service filed notice that it has agreed to an amendment to...

  2. 14 CFR 15.113 - Indemnification agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15.113 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PROCEDURAL... States Department of Justice, the FAA will promptly enter into an indemnification agreement providing for... reasonable attorney fees at a rate not to exceed that permitted under the Equal Access to Justice Act (5...

  3. 5 CFR 537.107 - Service agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... be extended by the total amount of time spent in non-pay status. However, as provided by 5 CFR 353....107 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS REPAYMENT OF STUDENT LOANS § 537.107 Service agreements. (a) Before an employing agency makes any loan payments for...

  4. 78 FR 75345 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... carriage of cargo in the trade between ports in Chile and U.S. Atlantic Coast ports. Agreement No.: 012235... arrangements in connection with the carriage of cargo in the trade between ports in Chile and U.S. West Coast... the parties to charter space to each other in the trade ports in Chile and United States...

  5. 7 CFR 1491.20 - Cooperative agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... enforcement of the rights on lands acquired with FRPP funds; (3) The responsibilities of NRCS; (4) The responsibilities of the eligible entity on lands acquired with FRPP funds; (5) The allowance of parcel substitution upon mutual agreement of the parties; and (6) Other requirements deemed necessary by NRCS to meet...

  6. Regulatory domain limits of unilateral agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simple in its principle unilateral agreement application in practice arise nevertheless some problems, not only for international transport when interpretation is somewhat different between countries, but also in domestic transport. This report tries to determine what being misapprehension and to propose a way to solve misapprehension which does not facilitate radioactive materials transport

  7. CERN signs agreement with New Zealand

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "New Zealand's particle physicists have joined the world's most ambitious scientific undertaking with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between their government and CERN . This agreement formalises the participation of New Zealand scientists in the laboratory's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project" (1 page).

  8. 75 FR 12748 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-17

    ....; CMA CGM, S.A.; Compania Sud Americana de Vapores, S.A.; Evergreen Joint Service.; Hanjin Shipping Co... Lines, NV, Compania Sud American de Vapores, S.A., and CMA CGM S.A. as parties to the agreement and...

  9. 75 FR 69079 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ...: A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S; CMA CGM S.A.; Compania Chilena de Navegacion Interoceanica S.A.; Hamburg-Sud... Agreement. Parties: Compania Sud Americana De Vapores S.A. and Hoegh Autoliners AS. Filing Parties: Walter...

  10. 75 FR 76729 - Market Access Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-09

    ... purpose of the Joint and Several Liability Reallocation Agreement; Whereas, the boards of directors of the... into by all of the banks of the System and the Funding Corporation (75 FR 51061). The Reallocation... Federal Register on October 20, 2010 (75 FR 64727). In the supplementary information we provided when...

  11. 18 CFR 401.33 - Administrative agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE MANUAL RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Project Review Under Section 3.8 of the Compact § 401.33 Administrative agreements. The Executive Director is authorized and directed to enter into cooperative... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false...

  12. 76 FR 30360 - Notice of Agreements Filed

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-25

    ... Chartering & Logistic GMBH & Co. KG; Industrial Maritime Carriers (U.S.A.) Inc.; and West Coast Industrial...-hour base assessment will be calculated. Agreement Nos.: 201122-001. Title: Pacific Maritime Services... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL MARITIME...

  13. 7 CFR 1786.57 - Prepayment agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) PREPAYMENT OF RUS GUARANTEED AND INSURED LOANS TO ELECTRIC AND TELEPHONE BORROWERS Special Discounted Prepayments on RUS Direct/Insured Loans § 1786.57 Prepayment agreement. Upon approving...) The RUS Notes to be prepaid and when the Discounted Present Value will be calculated. (b) The...

  14. Mapping model agreement on future climate projections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tebaldi, Claudia; Arblaster, Julie M.; Knutti, Reto

    2011-12-01

    Climate change projections are often based on simulations from multiple global climate models and are presented as maps with some form of stippling or measure of robustness to indicate where different models agree on the projected anthropogenically forced changes. The criteria used to determine model agreement, however, often ignore the presence of natural internal variability. We demonstrate that this leads to misleading presentations of the degree of model consensus on the sign and magnitude of the change if the ratio of the signal from the externally forced change to internal variability is low. We present a simple alternative method of depicting multimodel projections which clearly separates lack of climate change signal from lack of model agreement by assessing the degree of consensus on the significance of the change as well as the sign of the change. Our results demonstrate that the common interpretation of lack of model agreement in precipitation projections is largely an artifact of the large noise from climate variability masking the signal, an issue exacerbated by performing analyses at the grid point scale. We argue that separating more clearly the case of lack of agreement from the case of lack of signal will add valuable information for stake-holders' decision making, since adaptation measures required in the two cases are potentially very different.

  15. 48 CFR 31.109 - Advance agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Precontract costs; (5) Independent research and development and bid and proposal costs; (6) Royalties and... sampling methodologies at 31.201-6(c). However, an advance agreement is not an absolute requirement and the...) Statistical sampling methods (see 31.201-6(c)(4)....

  16. Effects of parallel planning on agreement production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veenstra, Alma; Meyer, Antje S; Acheson, Daniel J

    2015-11-01

    An important issue in current psycholinguistics is how the time course of utterance planning affects the generation of grammatical structures. The current study investigated the influence of parallel activation of the components of complex noun phrases on the generation of subject-verb agreement. Specifically, the lexical interference account (Gillespie & Pearlmutter, 2011b; Solomon & Pearlmutter, 2004) predicts more agreement errors (i.e., attraction) for subject phrases in which the head and local noun mismatch in number (e.g., the apple next to the pears) when nouns are planned in parallel than when they are planned in sequence. We used a speeded picture description task that yielded sentences such as the apple next to the pears is red. The objects mentioned in the noun phrase were either semantically related or unrelated. To induce agreement errors, pictures sometimes mismatched in number. In order to manipulate the likelihood of parallel processing of the objects and to test the hypothesized relationship between parallel processing and the rate of agreement errors, the pictures were either placed close together or far apart. Analyses of the participants' eye movements and speech onset latencies indicated slower processing of the first object and stronger interference from the related (compared to the unrelated) second object in the close than in the far condition. Analyses of the agreement errors yielded an attraction effect, with more errors in mismatching than in matching conditions. However, the magnitude of the attraction effect did not differ across the close and far conditions. Thus, spatial proximity encouraged parallel processing of the pictures, which led to interference of the associated conceptual and/or lexical representation, but, contrary to the prediction, it did not lead to more attraction errors. PMID:26454618

  17. The Text of a Safeguards Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Japan and Australia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of a Safeguards Agreement between the Agency, Japan and Australia relating to the agreement of 21 February 1972 between the two Governments for co-operation in the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  18. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Canada and Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Canada and Japan relating to the agreement between those Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  19. 75 FR 54352 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements... Agreements. OMB Number: 1651-0117. Form Number: None. Abstract: Free trade agreements are established to... further cooperation to expand and enhance benefits of the agreement. Free trade agreements......

  20. Intergovernmental organisation activities and Multilateral agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This section summarises the activities of Intergovernmental organisations and the status of Multilateral agreements on December 1, 2011: 1 - Intergovernmental organisation activities: European Atomic Energy Community: Adopted legislative instruments, Reports, Meetings; International Atomic Energy Agency: IAEA Action Plan on Nuclear Safety, Non-binding instrument on the transboundary movement of scrap metal, 55. IAEA General Conference, Basic Safety Standards, Nuclear Law Institute; OECD Nuclear Energy Agency: Basic Safety Standards, International Nuclear Law Essentials, International School of Nuclear Law, New members, Russian Federation request for membership; 2 - Multilateral agreements: Status of conventions in the nuclear energy domain on December 1, 2011; Status of conventions in the environmental protection/evaluation impacting the nuclear energy use on December 1, 2011; participation of OECD Member States to nuclear energy and environment protection/evaluation related treaties/conventions

  1. FETC/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. TILLMAN; E. HUGHES

    1998-08-01

    This quarter much progress was made in promoting cofiring through the many FETC/EPRI backed projects. During January 1, 1998 to March 31st, 1998 significant contractual agreements were arranged for future testing and analyses of previous testing were conducted. Most notable was the analysis done on the testing run at the Tennessee Valley Authority�s Colbert Fossil Plant that showed no significant impacts to the plant boiler due to cofiring. Northern Indiana Public Service Company also identified Bailly #7 as the site of the next series of tests using their plants. Other work done on these projects primarily focused on continued cofiring development. This report summarizes the activities during the first quarter in 1998 of the FETC/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of testing in order to highlight the progress at utilities.

  2. Authenticating Tripartite Key Agreement Protocol with Pairings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng-Li Liu; Fang-Guo Zhang; Ke-Fei Chen

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, an authenticated tripartite key agreement protocol is proposed, which is an ID-based one with pairings. This protocol involves only one round. The authenticity of the protocol is assured by a special signature scheme, so that messages carrying the information of two ephemeral keys can be broadcasted authentically by an entity. Consequently, one instance of the protocol results in eight session keys for three entities. In other word, one instance of the protocol generates a session key, which is eight times longer than those obtained from traditional key agreement protocols. Security attributes of the protocol are presented, and the computational overhead and bandwidth of the broadcast messages are analyzed as well.

  3. Allocating environmental liabilities within a facilities agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Some environmental issues at jointly owned oil and gas facilities in Alberta are examined, including ways to allocate liability for those issues among the facility's owners, and between the facility's owners and custom users. Causes of environmental contamination, the scope of clean-up costs and some industry initiatives to sort out the question of who pays the environmental costs are also discussed. Some aspects of the legislation in Alberta imposing environmental liabilities on parties to a construction, ownership and operation (CO and O) agreement, and relevant provisions of the Petroleum Joint Venture Association (PJVA)'s Model Operating Procedure are also explained. The author concludes by regretting the industry's failure to develop adequate mechanisms to allocate the costs of environmental damage resulting from operations, and by recommending that agreements pertaining to joint ownership of a facility should address the issues involved in allocating environmental liabilities

  4. Agreement dynamics on directed random graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Lipowski, Adam; Ferreira, Antonio L

    2016-01-01

    When agreement-dynamics models are placed on a directed random graph, a fraction of sites $\\exp(-z)$, where $z$ is the average degree, becomes permanently fixed or flickering. In the Voter model, which has no surface tension, such zealots or flickers freely spread their opinions and that makes the system disordered. For models with a surface tension, like the Ising model or the Naming Game model, their role is limited and such systems are ordered at large~$z$. However, when $z$ decreases, the density of zealots or flickers increases, and below a certain threshold ($z\\sim 1.9-2.0$) the system becomes disordered. Our results show that the agreement dynamics on directed networks is much different from their undirected analogues.

  5. Signalling in international environmental agreements. Using pre-agreement emission level as a signalling device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steiner, U.

    1997-12-31

    This paper addresses the question about strategic incentives in international environmental agreements and tries to give a positive description of how the design of the agreement influences the strategic behaviour of potential participants before they enter the treaty. A common feature of the design of agreements is that the reduction obligations (RO) are made contingent on a pre-agreement or baseline emission. As it is assumed that countries posses better information about their reduction costs than does the international body in charge of deciding the RO, countries might have incentives to signal higher costs by increasing their baseline emission, and thereby reducing the costs of entering the agreement. The appropriate analytical framework is to use a signalling game approach, where the pre-agreement emission level conveys information about the privately informed country`s reduction cost. In this paper two types of agreement design are considered, one with uniform obligations, and one with differentiated obligations. This enables us to make a comparison between two different reduction regimes. The result is that the predicted outcomes vary with regard to both the environmental effectiveness and the associated expected costs for the participating countries. This means that when private information is considered, the anticipation of a given institutional framework has significant impact on the resulting distortion of the total emission level, highlighting the necessity of taking this into consideration when future designs are proposed. (au)

  6. Signalling in international environmental agreements: Using pre-agreement emission level as a signalling device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses the question about strategic incentives in international environmental agreements and tries to give a positive description of how the design of the agreement influences the strategic behaviour of potential participants before they enter the treaty. A common feature of the design of agreements is that the reduction obligations (RO) are made contingent on a pre-agreement or baseline emission. As it is assumed that countries posses better information about their reduction costs than does the international body in charge of deciding the RO, countries might have incentives to signal higher costs by increasing their baseline emission, and thereby reducing the costs of entering the agreement. The appropriate analytical framework is to use a signalling game approach, where the pre-agreement emission level conveys information about the privately informed country's reduction cost. In this paper two types of agreement design are considered, one with uniform obligations, and one with differentiated obligations. This enables us to make a comparison between two different reduction regimes. The result is that the predicted outcomes vary with regard to both the environmental effectiveness and the associated expected costs for the participating countries. This means that when private information is considered, the anticipation of a given institutional framework has significant impact on the resulting distortion of the total emission level, highlighting the necessity of taking this into consideration when future designs are proposed. (au)

  7. Russia ties HEU sale to suspension agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Unless the US government allows the Russians access to the US uranium fuel market, the successful completion of a high-enriched uranium (HEU) sales agreement between the two governments may be in jeopardy. It had been rumored that the Russians, who have been unhappy about the stiff tariffs imposed on former Soviet uranium in the US market, might use the ongoing HEU negotiations with the White House to ease the antidumping tariffs imposed by the Department of Commerce's International Trade Commission

  8. The Economics of Advance Pricing Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Becker, Johannes; Davies, Ronald B.; Jakobs, Gitte

    2014-01-01

    Advance pricing agreements (APAs) determine transfer prices for intra-fi?rm transactions in advance. This paper interprets these contracts as a means to overcome a hold-up problem that occurs because governments cannot commit to non-excessive future tax rates. In addition, with private information, just as in practice, our APAs will be complex and require lengthy negotiations. Never- theless, implemented APAs lead to a Pareto improvement even when all agents are risk neutral. However, not all...

  9. Systematic Service Level Agreement (SLA) data management

    OpenAIRE

    Stamou, Aikaterini

    2014-01-01

    In cloud computing, service resources are distributed. Cloud service markets respond simultaneously to multiple, remote customers. Every customer needs to agree with a service level agreement (SLA) to lease a new service. SLAs represent contractual terms and conditions between service providers and customers. SLA information can be complex due to the diversity and plethora of offered cloud services. Cloud SLAs lack standardization, which would motivate their automated and consistent processin...

  10. Neural Network Solution For Service Level Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Sarmad Al-Aloussi

    2013-01-01

    Service Oriented Computing is playing an important role in sharing the industry and the way business is conducted and services are delivered and managed. This paradigm is expected to have major impact on service economy; the service sector includes health services, financial services, government services, etc. This involves significant interaction between clients and service providers[1]. This paper is pointed in addressing the problem of enabling Service Level Agreement (SLA) oriented resour...

  11. Service level agreements in spatial data infrastructures

    OpenAIRE

    Baranski, B. (Bastian)

    2013-01-01

    Die vorliegende Arbeit entwickelt ein Konzept für die Integration von Service Level Agreements (SLAs) in Geodateninfrastrukturen (GDIs). Der ausgewählten mehrstufigen Ansatz beinhaltet die Entwicklung eines abstrakten SLA-Modells und einer web-basierten SLA-Management-Architektur. Das Ziel des abstrakten SLA-Modells ist die konzeptionelle Beschreibung der Struktur und des Inhaltes von SLAs speziell für die ausgewählten Anwendungsbereiche. Der Zweck der web-basierten SLA-Management-Architektur...

  12. Emergent Velocity Agreement in Robot Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Canepa, Davide; Défago, Xavier; Izumi, Taisuke; Potop-Butucaru, Maria

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose and prove correct a new self-stabilizing velocity agreement (flocking) algorithm for oblivious and asynchronous robot networks. Our algorithm allows a flock of uniform robots to follow a flock head emergent during the computation whatever its direction in plane. Robots are asynchronous, oblivious and do not share a common coordinate system. Our solution includes three modules architectured as follows: creation of a common coordinate system that also allows the emergen...

  13. Attraction Effects in Honorific Agreement in Korean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Nayoung; Sturt, Patrick

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies have suggested that sentence processing is mediated by content-addressable direct retrieval processes (McElree, 2000; McElree et al., 2003). However, the memory retrieval processes may differ as a function of the type of dependency. For example, while many studies have reported facilitatory intrusion effects associated with a structurally illicit antecedent during the processing of subject-verb number or person agreement and negative polarity items (Pearlmutter et al., 1999; Xiang et al., 2009; Dillon et al., 2013), studies investigating reflexives have not found consistent evidence of intrusion effects (Parker et al., 2015; Sturt and Kwon, 2015; cf. Nicol and Swinney, 1989; Sturt, 2003). Similarly, the memory retrieval processes could be also sensitive to cross-linguistic differences (cf. Lago et al., 2015). We report one self-paced reading experiment and one eye-tracking experiment that examine the processing of subject-verb honorific agreement, a dependency that is different from those that have been studied to date, in Korean, a typologically different language from those previously studied. The overall results suggest that the retrieval processes underlying the processing of subject-verb honorific agreement in Korean are susceptible to facilitatory intrusion effects from a structurally illicit but feature-matching subject, with a pattern that is similar to subject-verb agreement in English. In addition, the attraction effect was not limited to the ungrammatical sentences but was also found in grammatical sentences. The clear attraction effect in the grammatical sentences suggest that the attraction effect does not solely arise as the result of an error-driven process (cf. Wagers et al., 2009), but is likely also to result from general mechanisms of retrieval processes of activating of potential items in memory (Vasishth et al., 2008).

  14. The Ranger and Nabarlek mining agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article contains information about the content of the agreements which have been entered into between the Australian Government and the Northern Land Council in relation to the Ranger deposits in the Northern Territory and between the Government and Queensland Mines Limited and the N.L.C. in relation to the Nabarlek deposit. A statement by the Minister for Aboriginal Affairs on the impact of uranium mining on Northern Territory Aboriginals is included

  15. Negotiated agreements - blueprint for energy saving

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 5-step model for achieving energy saving targets which are set out in Climate Change Levy (CCL) Negotiated Agreements is presented. The model for energy management and conservation entails the development of an energy policy, planning and organising involving formalised responsibilities for achieving the objectives of the energy policy, monitoring and control of plans, management reports on energy use, and regular reviews. Web addresses for CCL documents and information are provided

  16. The Case for a New Plaza Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Cline, William R.

    2005-01-01

    The United States is running an increasing risk by allowing its external current account deficit to rise to levels historically unprecedented for the United States and most other industrial countries. This trend can be arrested through a credible program to eliminate the US fiscal deficit by 2010 combined with an accord, like the Plaza Agreement of 1985, to achieve appreciation of a wide array of foreign currencies against the dollar. A Plaza II would help achieve global adjustment in three w...

  17. Without agreement: Inclusive processes and conflict transformation

    OpenAIRE

    Pomatto Gianfranco

    2013-01-01

    This article studies two inclusive processes that were carried out inGenoa about the strongly contested projects of a motorway and a waste incinerator.It shows how inclusive processes may contribute to the de-escalation of the conflicteven when stakeholders are not able to reach an agreement.In both cases inclusive processes favoured the development of win-win solutionsderiving from various form of coordination that took place without reaching anagreement involving citizens committees and env...

  18. Free Trade Agreements versus Customs Unions

    OpenAIRE

    Anne O. Krueger

    1995-01-01

    Until NAFTA, analyses of preferential trading arrangements began by assuming a customs union with a common external tariff, and the differences between customs unions and free trade agreements (FTAs) have been little analyzed. This paper points to some of the differences between FTAs and customs unions, and shows that on welfare grounds a customs union is always Pareto-superior to an FTA. Moreover, the political economy of FTAs will lead to more opposition to further multilateral trade libera...

  19. Jam-X: Wireless Agreement under Interference

    CERN Document Server

    Boano, Carlo Alberto; Zúñiga, Marco Antonio; Voigt, Thiemo

    2012-01-01

    Wireless low-power transceivers used in sensor networks such as IEEE 802.15.4 typically operate in unlicensed frequency bands that are subject to external interference from devices transmitting at much higher power. Communication protocols should therefore be designed to be robust against such interference. A critical building block of many protocols at all layers is agreement on a piece of information among a set of nodes. At the MAC layer, nodes may need to agree on a new time slot or frequency channel; at the application layer nodes may need to agree on handing over a leader role from one node to another. Message loss caused by interference may break agreement in two different ways: none of the nodes use the new information (time slot, channel, leader) and stick with the previous assignment, or - even worse - some nodes use the new information and some do not. This may lead to reduced performance or failures. In this paper we investigate the problem of agreement under interference and point out the limitat...

  20. Cues, quantification, and agreement in language comprehension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Darren; Bulkes, Nyssa Z

    2015-12-01

    We investigated factors that affect the comprehension of subject-verb agreement in English, using quantification as a window into the relationship between morphosyntactic processes in language production and comprehension. Event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded while participants read sentences with grammatical and ungrammatical verbs, in which the plurality of the subject noun phrase was either doubly marked (via overt plural quantification and morphological marking on the noun) or singly marked (via only plural morphology on the noun). Both acceptability judgments and the ERP data showed heightened sensitivity to agreement violations when quantification provided an additional cue to the grammatical number of the subject noun phrase, over and above plural morphology. This is consistent with models of grammatical comprehension that emphasize feature prediction in tandem with cue-based memory retrieval. Our results additionally contrast with those of prior studies that showed no effects of plural quantification on agreement in language production. These findings therefore highlight some nontrivial divergences in the cues and mechanisms supporting morphosyntactic processing in language production and comprehension. PMID:25987192

  1. Scrutinized: the TRIPS agreement and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subhan, Junaid

    2006-07-01

    The World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of 1994 seeks to implement a uniform set of intellectual property protection across member nations to provide greater stability in international economic relations. Critics argue that the TRIPS agreement provides unnecessarily strong protection of intellectual property rights which serves to prevent the ill in developing nations from having access to affordable essential medications. The first recommendation that this paper makes is to provide two sets of intellectual property protection, one that applies to essential medications such as AIDS drugs and certain antibiotics and another that applies to drugs that treat non-life threatening conditions. The second recommendation builds upon the first recommendation: if two sets of intellectual property protection legislation are enacted, patents on essential medications should be restricted to patents on processes rather than the product itself. The third recommendation seeks to amend the language of the TRIPS agreement to make it obligatory for member nations to implement provisions on compulsory licensing within their domestic legislation. PMID:18523624

  2. International trade agreements: hazards to health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, Ellen R; Brenner, Joseph E

    2004-01-01

    Since the 1980s, neoliberal policies have prescribed reducing the role of governments, relying on market forces to organize and provide health care and other vital human services. In this context, international trade agreements increasingly serve as mechanisms to enforce the privatization, deregulation, and decentralization of health care and other services, with important implications for democracy as well as for health. Critics contend that social austerity and "free" trade agreements contribute to the rise in global poverty and economic inequality and instability, and therefore to increased preventable illness and death. Under new agreements through the World Trade Organization that cover vital human services such as health care, water, education, and energy, unaccountable, secret trade tribunals could overrule decisions by democratically elected officials on public financing for national health care systems, licensing and training standards for health professionals, patient safety and quality regulations, occupational safety and health, control of hazardous substances such as tobacco and alcohol, the environment, and affordable access to safe water and sanitation. International negotiations in 2003 in Cancun and in Miami suggested that countervailing views are developing momentum. A concerned health care community has begun to call for a moratorium on trade negotiations on health care and water, and to reinvigorate an alternative vision of universal access to vital services. PMID:15346681

  3. The Texts of the Agency's Headquarters Agreement with Austria and Related Agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The texts of the Agreement between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Republic of Austria that were in force on 30 September 1975 are reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency

  4. Key agreement over a radio link

    OpenAIRE

    Cagalj, Mario; Hubaux, Jean-Pierre

    2004-01-01

    We present a simple, and yet powerful, technique for key establishment over a radio link in peer-to-peer networks. Our approach is based on the Diffie-Hellman key agreement protocol. This protocol is known to be vulnerable to the ``man-in-the-middle" attack if two users involved in the protocol share no authenticated information about each other (e.g., public keys) prior to the protocol execution. In this work, we show how the natural ability of users to authenticate each other by visual and ...

  5. AGREEMENT BETWEEN CERN AND UBS SA

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    We wish to inform you that the agreement between CERN and UBS SA has been renewed for a period of five years with effect from 1st July 2002. This represents the culmination of work carried out since 1999 by a group consisting of representatives of the Finance Division, the SPL Division, the Staff Association and the Users Office. After analysis of the results of a market survey, it emerged that OVERALL the UBS offered the best conditions and guarantees for the CERN personnel. Owing to developments in the banking market, new conditions have had to be negotiated, which will be presented to you by the UBS (see article).

  6. Climate Impacts of the Paris Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokolov, Andrei; Paltsev, Sergey; Chen, Henry; Monier, Erwan

    2016-04-01

    The UN agreement signed during the recent COP21 meeting in Paris defines policies which supposed to be implemented by different countries to reduce their anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Those agreed policies, however, only cover the period up to 2030 and they do not specify actions after 2030. As a result, projections of the long-term climate impact of the Paris agreement produced by different research groups differ significantly because they make different assumptions about the policies after 2030. In this study we estimate possible impacts using the MIT Integrated Global System Model, which consists of the human activity model, Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, and a climate model of intermediate complexity, the MIT Earth System Model (MESM). In addition to the "no climate policy" scenario, we consider a scenario that incorporates the emissions targets proposed by the international community to address the challenges of climate change based on the submissions to the COP21 process. For the post-2030 period we create several variations: a) no additional climate policy after 2030, but the proposed cuts are extended to 2100; b) reductions in emissions and emission intensities after 2030 at the same rate as in the 2020-2030 period; 3) in addition to the conditions in the previous no country increases its GHG emissions after 2050. Based on the emission scenarios, we simulate possible future climate changes. Our analysis shows that, for the climate parameters corresponding to the median strength of the climate system response to anthropogenic forcing, the Paris Agreement can reduce the global mean surface air temperature (SAT) in 2100 between 0.63 and 1.07oC relative to "no climate policy" case. At the same time, due to a large inertia of climate system, in 2050 the SAT reduced only by about 0.12oC under all three scenarios. Under all three variants of an extension of the Paris Agreement an increase in the SAT relative to an 1861

  7. Inter-rater Agreement on Sentence Formality

    CERN Document Server

    Lahiri, Shibamouli

    2011-01-01

    Formality is one of the most important dimensions of writing style variation. In this study we conducted an inter-rater reliability experiment for assessing sentence formality on a five-point Likert scale, and obtained good agreement results as well as different rating distributions for different sentence categories. We also performed a difficulty analysis to identify the bottlenecks of our rating procedure. Our main objective is to design an automatic scoring mechanism for sentence-level formality, and this study is important for that purpose.

  8. AGREEMENT ON AGRICULTURE AND INDONESIAN RICE IMPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Dini Yuniarti

    2011-01-01

    Indonesian economy has been long supported by its agriculture sector. This paper analyzes the influence of the World Trade Organization’s Agreement-on-Agriculture (AoA) to In-donesia’s rice import using a Partial Adjustment Model. The independent variables included in the model are domestic production of rice, domestic income, world rice price, domestic rice price, and a dummy variable of AoA implementation. It estimates secondary annual data from 1979 to 2007. The result suggests that domest...

  9. Climatic changes: explicative guide of international agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The following themes of the negotiation in the United Nations Convention framework, on the climatic changes and the kyoto protocol are taken into account: the observation, the information communication, the policies and the measures, the developing countries, the flexibility mechanisms, the soils utilizations and the regime evolution. For each theme the document recalls quickly how the theme is detailed in the Convention and in the Protocol, it presents then the decisions and the adopted rules and defines the agreements contain, in terms of challenges and implication in the protocol implementation. (A.L.B.)

  10. Differential Object Marking, Case and Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Ormazabal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present empirical evidence showing that Differential Object Marking (DOM  in Spanish is determined by structural conditions related to Case and agreement. We also argue that semantic concepts such as specificity, definiteness, animacy, or topicality, tightly connected to the presence or absence of A, must be parasitic on the syntactic configurations where DOM is licensed. We also present some consequences of our analysis for the general theory of agreement. We argue that the same structural relation is involved in all cases of DOM, as well as in Dative Clitic Constructions, where the presence of the particle A preceding clitic-doubled datives is syntactically unified with DOM phenomena. The accusative/dative distinction traditionally attributed to the Spanish pronominal system does not correspond, in synchronic terms, to different case relations, but distinguishes between agreeing and non-agreeing arguments. Similarly, the distribution of DOM corresponds to a Case-checked/Caseless difference. We extend the analysis to account for well-known restrictions on the co-appearance of two DOM arguments, which  are analyzed as the consequence of a competition between two arguments for a single target.

  11. Agreement between radiographic and photographic trabecular patterns

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korstjens, C.M.; Geraets, W.G.M.; Stelt, P.F. van der [Dept. of Oral Radiology, Academic Centre for Dentistry, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Spruijt, R.J. [Div. of Psychosocial Research and Epidemiology, Netherlands Cancer Inst., Amsterdam (Netherlands); Mosekilde, L. [Dept. of Cell Biology, Univ. of Aarhus (Denmark)

    1998-11-01

    Purpose: It has been hypothesized that photographs can facilitate the interpretation of the radiographic characteristics of trabecular bone. The reliability of these photographic and radiographic approaches has been determined, as have various agreements between the two approaches and their correlations with biomechanical characteristics. Material and Methods: Fourteen vertebral bodies were obtained at autopsy from 6 women and 8 men aged 22-76 years. Photographs (n=28) and radiographs (n=28) were taken of midsagittal slices from the third lumbar vertebra. The radiographs and photographs were digitized and the geometric properties of the trabecular architecture were then determined with a digital images analysis technique. Information on the compressive strength and ash density of the vertebral body was also available. Results: The geometric properties of both radiographs and photographs could be measured with a high degree of reliability (Cronbach`s {alpha}>0.85). Agreement between the radiographic and photographic approaches was mediocre as only the radiographic measurements showed insignificant correlations (p<0.05) with the biomechanical characteristics. We suggest that optical phenomena may result in the significant correlations between the photographs and the biomechanical characteristics. Conclusion: For digital image processing, radiography offers a superior description of the architecture of trabecular bone to that offered by photography. (orig.)

  12. Agreement between radiographic and photographic trabecular patterns

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: It has been hypothesized that photographs can facilitate the interpretation of the radiographic characteristics of trabecular bone. The reliability of these photographic and radiographic approaches has been determined, as have various agreements between the two approaches and their correlations with biomechanical characteristics. Material and Methods: Fourteen vertebral bodies were obtained at autopsy from 6 women and 8 men aged 22-76 years. Photographs (n=28) and radiographs (n=28) were taken of midsagittal slices from the third lumbar vertebra. The radiographs and photographs were digitized and the geometric properties of the trabecular architecture were then determined with a digital images analysis technique. Information on the compressive strength and ash density of the vertebral body was also available. Results: The geometric properties of both radiographs and photographs could be measured with a high degree of reliability (Cronbach's α>0.85). Agreement between the radiographic and photographic approaches was mediocre as only the radiographic measurements showed insignificant correlations (p<0.05) with the biomechanical characteristics. We suggest that optical phenomena may result in the significant correlations between the photographs and the biomechanical characteristics. Conclusion: For digital image processing, radiography offers a superior description of the architecture of trabecular bone to that offered by photography. (orig.)

  13. Neural Network Solution For Service Level Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarmad Al-Aloussi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Service Oriented Computing is playing an important role in sharing the industry and the way business is conducted and services are delivered and managed. This paradigm is expected to have major impact on service economy; the service sector includes health services, financial services, government services, etc. This involves significant interaction between clients and service providers[1]. This paper is pointed in addressing the problem of enabling Service Level Agreement (SLA oriented resources allocation in data centers to satisfy competing applications demand for computing services. A QoS report designed to compare performance variables to QoS parameters and indicate when a threshold has been crossed. This paper was suggested a methodology which helps in SLA evaluation and comparison. The methodology was found on the adoption of policies both for service behavior and SLA description and on the definition of a metric function for evaluation and comparison of policies. In addition, this paper contributes a new philosophy to evaluate the agreements between user and service provider by monitoring the measurable and immeasurable qualities to extract the decision by using artificial neural networks (ANN.

  14. Structuring agreements for seismic group shoots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sigma Explorations Inc. sells licenses to use Sigma owned seismic data. The company participates with exploration and production companies in the joint acquisition of semi-private participation surveys. This paper discusses three major types of seismic group shoots and the essential elements of the agreements that govern or should govern them. They are: (1) exploration and production company joint ventures, (2) publicly offered spec shoots, and (3) semi-private participation surveys. The key issue with the exploration and production company joint ventures is that the companies are owners of the seismic data in proportion to their contribution towards the cost of the program. Their use of the data should be restricted to those situations permitted by the other owners. These are not often well documented, and there is much concern in the industry as a result. The key issue with publicly offered spec shoots is that the seismic company ultimately owns the data and the client exploration and production company is a licensee and must behave as such. In most such cases the rights and responsibilities are well documented in formal agreements that are signed in advance of the program's beginning date

  15. 32 CFR 644.460 - Supplemental agreement assembly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Supplemental agreement assembly. 644.460 Section... Supplemental agreement assembly. (a) Composition. Supplemental agreement assembly, covering agreement for... Government. (b) Distribution. An executed copy of the assembly will be retained by the DE. An executed...

  16. 5 CFR 2422.16 - Election agreements or directed elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Election agreements or directed elections... Election agreements or directed elections. (a) Election agreements. Parties are encouraged to enter into election agreements. (b) Regional Director directed election. If the parties are unable to agree...

  17. Community-based naming agreement, familiarity, image agreement and visual complexity ratings among adult Indians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Annamma

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The validity of Snodgrass and Vanderwart pictures and their norms derived on a western population on naming, familiarity, imageability and visual-complexity, is not established on a population with cultural background different from the west. We developed, therefore, a set of culturally appropriate pictures for and derived norms on Indians. Line-drawings of 103 concepts (67 from Snodgrass and Vanderwart, 36 new from 10 semantic-categories were normed on 200 community-based older subjects. Only 31% of the Snodgrass and Vanderwart items showed a concept-agreement on the Indians comparable to western norms. Naming, familiarity and image-agreement mutually correlated but not with visual-complexity. Low-education and rural-residence tended to reduced concept-agreement. The output of this study will be of use in national and cross-national studies.

  18. Integrity and the NATO standardization agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Paul S.

    A standardization agreement (STANAG) has been prepared for providing the Global Position System (GPS) to the other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Two levels of navigation accuracy will be provided. A precise positioning service (PPS) and a standard positioning service (SPS). Authorized PPS users will use the P-code, and both L1 and L2 frequencies and will be able to remove the errors introduced by selective availability. The SPS users will use the C/A code, and only the L1 frequency and will be limited in accuracy by selective availability. This paper discusses how the STANAG might be impacted by the integrity issue and how these two types of users might be affected. Possible techniques that might be adopted by the NATO members are explored, such as a ground-based monitoring system or a self-contained user approach based on more satellites on orbit (24).

  19. FETC/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. TILLMAN; E. HUGHES

    1998-08-01

    During April 1 st , 1998 to June 31 st , 1998, significant work was done in preparation for a series of test involving cofiring at power plants. A biomass material handling system was designed for the Seward testing, a gasification system was designed for the Allen Fossil Plant, and a test program plan was developed for testing at NIPSCO�s Bailly Station. Also completed this quarter was a cyclone combustion model that provides a color visual representation of estimated temperatures within a plant. This report summarizes the activities during the second quarter in 1998 of the FETC/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of testing in order to highlight the progress at utilities.

  20. USDOE/EPRI BIOMASS COFIRING COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. Tillman; E. Hughes

    1999-01-01

    During the period of October 1, 1998 through December 31, 1998, significant work was done in direct preparation for several cofiring tests. Major progress was made on several projects including cofiring at Seward (GPU Genco), Allen (TVA), and Bailly (NIPSCO). Most of the work was focused on construction activities at the Seward and Bailly Generating Stations. The conceptual design and feasibility study for gasification-based cofiring at the Allen Fossil Plant was completed. The feasibility study for cofiring at the Pirkey and Northeastern Generating Stations of Central and South West Utilities (C&SW) also was completed. This report summarizes the activities during the fourth calendar quarter in 1998--of the USDOE/EPRI Biomass Cofiring Cooperative Agreement. It focuses upon reporting the results of construction activities and related events.

  1. Enhancing regional security agreements through cooperative monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper proposes that strengthening regional capabilities for formulating and implementing arms control and confidence-building measures is a tangible method of enhancing regional security. It discusses the importance of developing a regional infrastructure for arms control and confidence building and elucidates the role of technology in facilitating regional arms control and confidence-building agreements. In addition, it identifies numerous applications for regional cooperative monitoring in the areas of arms control, resource management, international commerce and disaster response. The Cooperative Monitoring Center at Sandia National Laboratories, whose aim is to help individual countries and regions acquire the tools they need to develop their own solutions to regional problems, is discussed briefly. The paper ends with recommendations for establishing regional cooperative monitoring centers

  2. An agreement for applied research in Italy

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    On 26 February, two of CERN's Directors-General had a very official handshake. Luciano Maiani, CERN's current Director-General, and Carlo Rubbia, one of his predecessors and current "commissario straordinario" of ENEA (Ente per le Nuove tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiante, Institute for new technologies, energy and the environment) signed a collaboration agreement between their two organisations. ENEA carries out applied research in various fields such as renewable energies, new materials and medical applications. The organisation, which employs 3400 people in 10 laboratories in Italy, has a clear interest, therefore, in the technologies developed at CERN, which, in turn, seeks to promote them. Their collaboration will shortly lead to common research projects. CERN now has two Italian partners : INFN, its historical partner for particle physics research and ENEA for technological applications.

  3. The General Agreement on Trade in Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francina Esteve García

    1995-07-01

    Full Text Available The conclusion of GATS and its inclusion as an annex in the constitutive Agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO responds to the need for disposing of a stable juridical instrument which, given the current economic interdependence between States, can be applied to the international trade in services.One of the main new features of this agreement is its field of application given that it includes all service sectors (except those provided for in the name of governmental authorities and the four forms of carrying out trade in services and, as regards the principle of market access and that of national treatment, will be regulated according to those respective obligations which the Members have assumed.In exchange for not accepting the exclusion of any service sector, the negotiations concerning some fundamental sectors could not be totally closed and deadlines were extended in order to unblock the most controversial themes.One of the fundamental principles of the GATS is the most favoured nation clause of inconditional character but its consecration has been attenuated by the possibility of maintaining important exceptions in its application. The principle of transparency is also essential in the field of services, given that this sector is characterised by large public interventionism in access regulation and the exercise of the different economic activities which form it.The balance of the GATS is globally positive given that it includes a multilateral framework of principles and disciplines which is administered in the headquarters of the WTO, which have been accepted by a great majority of States within the international community and which remain subject to the WTO’s mechanism for the solution of differences.However, the opening of the market and the suppression of restrictions which derive from internal regulations have not been achieved given that, orientating itself around the objectives of national politics, liberalization is

  4. Industry agreement on efficient electrical motors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This comprehensive final report presents the results of a project carried out on behalf of the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) and the Swiss Automation Pool (SAP) concerning the efficiency of electrical drives. The main goal of the project was to conclude a target agreement between the federal government and the Swiss electric motors/drives industry. This involves the promotion of the highest, 'eff1' energy-efficiency category of the three categories defined by the European Committee of Manufacturers of Electrical Machines and Power Electronics (CEMP). The report presents the findings of the project and recommends the banning of the use of motors in the lowest, 'eff3' category. Comparisons are made between the CEMP standards and further standards and promotion programmes in the USA and in Great Britain. Associated measures to be taken to aid the promotion of the drive standard are discussed

  5. Clitic doubling and pure agreement person features

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Machado Rocha

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we analyze clitic doubling constructions in dialectal non-standard Brazilian Portuguese. Within the Minimalism Framework, we explain very peculiar aspects of the doubled structures in this language, namely the fact that they occur only for 1st and 2nd person pronouns and that they co-vary with single clitic structures and single strong pronoun structures. Our approach assumes that the clitics me and te are hosted by a dedicated functional projection and result from the checking of the sole person feature [speaker:±]. Moreover, we show that, unlikely other cross-linguistic phenomena of pronominal doubling, Brazilian Portuguese Clitic Doubling does neither yield (nor is a result of any interpretive effect, but rather is an instance of a pure agreement chain. This leads us to advocate, contra the standard Minimalist Program, for the validity of the conceptual postulation of AgrP, as a condition on well-formedness of certain structures.

  6. Spatial reference frame agreement in quantum networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to communicate information in a quantum network effectively, all network nodes should share a common reference frame. Here, we propose to study how well m nodes in a quantum network can establish a common spatial reference frame from scratch, even though t of them may be arbitrarily faulty. We present a protocol that allows all correctly functioning nodes to agree on a common reference frame as long as they are fully connected and not more than tagreement to be lifted to a protocol for a quantum network. (paper)

  7. New Danish Company Act on Shareholders' Agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    ) dispose of his shares in a different way than what is agreed upon, section 82 will show its ugly face, and contractual law and corporate law must in such cases be regarded as two different worlds. The remedies against this are partly of a contractual nature (penalty, mutual pledge in shares, injunction...... substantial elements in many agreements are clauses on (1) voting for board candidates, (2) voting for dividends of certain proportions, and (3) first refusal rights, respectively, call options for shares in the company. Such clauses are at the very roots of corporate law, dealing with the shareholders’ (1...... amendment to the articles of association by a court or an arbitral tribunal. The answer to this question must in some, but not in all, circumstances be affirmative....

  8. Interrater agreement for Critical Care EEG Terminology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaspard, Nicolas; Hirsch, Lawrence J.; LaRoche, Suzette M.; Hahn, Cecil D.; Westover, M. Brandon

    2016-01-01

    Summary Objective The interpretation of critical care electroencephalography (EEG) studies is challenging because of the presence of many periodic and rhythmic patterns of uncertain clinical significance. Defining the clinical significance of these patterns requires standardized terminology with high interrater agreement (IRA). We sought to evaluate IRA for the final, published American Clinical Neurophysiology Society (ACNS)–approved version of the critical care EEG terminology (2012 version). Our evaluation included terms not assessed previously and incorporated raters with a broad range of EEG reading experience. Methods After reviewing a set of training slides, 49 readers independently completed a Web-based test consisting of 11 identical questions for each of 37 EEG samples (407 questions). Questions assessed whether a pattern was an electrographic seizure; pattern location (main term 1), pattern type (main term 2); and presence and classification of eight other key features (“plus” modifiers, sharpness, absolute and relative amplitude, frequency, number of phases, fluctuation/evolution, and the presence of “triphasic” morphology). Results IRA statistics (κ values) were almost perfect (90–100%) for seizures, main terms 1 and 2, the +S modifier (superimposed spikes/sharp waves or sharply contoured rhythmic delta activity), sharpness, absolute amplitude, frequency, and number of phases. Agreement was substantial for the +F (superimposed fast activity) and +R (superimposed rhythmic delta activity) modifiers (66% and 67%, respectively), moderate for triphasic morphology (58%), and fair for evolution (21%). Significance IRA for most terms in the ACNS critical care EEG terminology is high. These terms are suitable for multicenter research on the clinical significance of critical care EEG patterns. PMID:24888711

  9. MULTILATERAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS AND THE TRADE MEASURES CONTAINED IN THESE AGREEMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margareta Timbur

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The environmental problems which the society is facing, ozone depletion, biodiversity loss, the spread of persistent organic pollutants, are a result of human activity with a worldwide impact, requiring immediate resolution. In this context, negotiation, signing and implementation of several multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs are one of the best solutions, affordable and reliable. The aim of this study is to analyze the commercial measures, which to some extent, ensure stability, security, and expansion of MEAs. The paper discusses, also, the efficiency, necessity and the influences of trade measures in MEAs and the WTO role in signing these agreements.

  10. International Agreement Will Advance Radio Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Two of the world's leading astronomical institutions have formalized an agreement to cooperate on joint efforts for the technical and scientific advancement of radio astronomy. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) in the United States and the Max-Planck Institute for Radioastronomy (MPIfR) in Germany concluded a Memorandum of Understanding outlining planned collaborative efforts to enhance the capabilities of each other's telescopes and to expand their cooperation in scientific research. The VLBA The VLBA CREDIT: NRAO/AUI/NSF In the first project pursued under this agreement, the MPIfR will contribute $299,000 to upgrade the continent-wide Very Long Baseline Array's (VLBA) capability to receive radio emissions at a frequency of 22 GHz. This improvement will enhance the VLBA's scientific productivity and will be particularly important for cutting-edge research in cosmology and enigmatic cosmic objects such as gamma-ray blazars. "This agreement follows many years of cooperation between our institutions and recognizes the importance of international collaboration for the future of astronomical research," said Fred K.Y. Lo, NRAO Director. "Our two institutions have many common research goals, and joining forces to keep all our telescopes at the forefront of technology will be highly beneficial for the science," said Anton Zensus, Director at MPIfR. In addition to the VLBA, the NRAO operates the Very Large Array (VLA) in New Mexico and the Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia. The MPIfR operates the 100-meter Effelsberg Radio Telescope in Germany and the 12-meter APEX submillimeter telescope in 5100 m altitude in the Cilean Atacama desert (together with the European Southern Observatory and the Swedish Onsala Space Observatory). With the 100-meter telescope, it is part of the VLBA network in providing transatlantic baselines. Both institutions are members of a global network of telescopes (the Global VLBI Network) that uses simultaneous

  11. The Texts of the Agency's Headquarters Agreement with Austria and Related Agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The texts of six agreements concluded between the Agency and the Republic of Austria as a result of the location of the Agency's headquarters in Austria, which were in force on 31 October 1975, are reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  12. Uranium agreements. Conditions considered fundamental for such agreements: Zambia, a case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to secure effective development of the uranium resources of foreign lands there is need for the Developed Nations to conclude equitable agreements with host governments, usually Developing Nations of the world. In the case of Developed Nations it is the desire for commodity for sale to secure the much needed foreign exchange. In both cases the need for a mutually profitable and acceptable agreement is necessary the terms depending on market and urgency of each party to secure supplies. Several factors are of major importance like the potential for the required mineral, the political environment especially peace and order inducing substantial foreign investment to explore and eventually exploit the mineral, the legislative framework and fiscal laws consistent for sustained investment. The terms and conditions of an agreement concluded should be such to give confidence, credibility and indeed an equitable standing to contracting parties to enable stable and fruitful development. The features of the Zambian contractual agreements are considered a model worth adopting, as proof of its success has been established

  13. NETL-EERC ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christina B. Behr-Andres; Daniel J. Daly

    2001-07-31

    This final report summarizes the accomplishments of the 6-year Environmental Management Cooperative Agreement (EMCA) between the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC), a nonprofit, contract-supported unit of the University of North Dakota, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The first portion of the report summarizes EMCA's structure, activities, and accomplishments. The appendix contains profiles of the individual EMCA tasks. Detailed descriptions and results of the tasks can be found separately in published Final Topical Reports. EMCA (DOE Contract No. DE-FC21-94MC31388) was in place from the fall of 1994 to the summer of 2001. Under EMCA, approximately $5.4 million was applied in three program areas to expedite the commercialization of 15 innovative technologies for application in DOE's EM Program ($3.8 million, or 69% of funds), provide technical support to the Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area (DDFA; $1.04 million, or 19% of funds), and provide for the coordination of the EMCA activities ($0.62 million, or 11% of funds). The following sections profile the overall accomplishments of the EMCA program followed by a summary of the accomplishments under each of the EMCA areas: commercialization, DDFA technical support, and management. Table 1 provides an overview of EMCA, including program areas, program activities, the duration and funding of each activity, and the associated industry partner, if appropriate.

  14. Visual observations and the Bonn Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The challenges facing environmental scientists regarding response to an oil spill were discussed. As oil interacts with the environment, its properties change. The size of the response depends on the volume released, but often the quantity is not known. As such, attempts have been made in the past 4 decades to develop technology or operating procedures that can quantify the spill by the size and visible appearance of the slick. Systems based on the visible spectrum are the most common remote sensing technique for estimating spill thickness. However, to date, there is no recognized method or equipment that can reliably provide the response team with an accurate answer. This paper reviewed the theoretical and practical challenges that have prevented the advancement in this area. Several formulas have been built to link slick appearance with spill thickness. The Bonn Agreement Aerial Surveillance Handbook uses an appearance code based on published scientific literature, laboratory and outdoor experiments and field trials. The limitations of estimating thickness and volume using such visual appearance methods include atmospheric visibility constraints; spatial and temporal inhomogeneity of the oil; irregularity of the water surface; and optical characteristics of the oil. The paper also presented a potential modification involving separation into simple thick oil and sheen areas. 22 refs., 1 tab., 2 figs.

  15. Emergent velocity agreement in robot networks

    CERN Document Server

    Canepa, Davide; Izumi, Taisuke; Potop-Butucaru, Maria

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose and prove correct a new self-stabilizing velocity agreement (flocking) algorithm for oblivious and asynchronous robot networks. Our algorithm allows a flock of uniform robots to follow a flock head emergent during the computation whatever its direction in plane. Robots are asynchronous, oblivious and do not share a common coordinate system. Our solution includes three modules architectured as follows: creation of a common coordinate system that also allows the emergence of a flock-head, setting up the flock pattern and moving the flock. The novelty of our approach steams in identifying the necessary conditions on the flock pattern placement and the velocity of the flock-head (rotation, translation or speed) that allow the flock to both follow the exact same head and to preserve the flock pattern. Additionally, our system is self-healing and self-stabilizing. In the event of the head leave (the leading robot disappears or is damaged and cannot be recognized by the other robots) the flo...

  16. The Agreement to Extend the Agreement 23 May 1980 Establishing the Asian Regional Co-Operative Project on Food Irradiation. Additional acceptances of the Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Governments of the Philippines and India notified the Agency of their acceptance of the Agreement to Extend the Agreement Establishing the Asian Regional Co-operative Project on Food Irradiation of 8 July 1983, in accordance with Article II, paragraph 1 thereof, on 23 September 1983 and 27 September 1983 respectively. Pursuant to Article II, paragraph 2, the Extension Agreement consequently entered into force with respect to these Governments on the respective dates

  17. Agreement on the privileges and immunities of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 63 Member States which by 28 February 1993 had accepted the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The list is followed by the texts of reservations made to the Agreement

  18. Agreement concerning Alamosa and Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuges

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Attached is a Letter of Agreement Agreement which Region 6 developed in concert with the Division of Refuges and the plaintiffs in the Audubon et. al. v. Babbitt...

  19. Master Cooperative Wildland Fire Management and Stafford Act Response Agreement

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This Master Cooperative Wildland Fire Management Agreement is an interagency agreement for fire control in Washington and Oregon. The plan outlines resources,...

  20. 20 years of the implementation of the safeguards agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peru has signed an INFIRC/153 type safeguards agreement with the IAEA in 1979. The paper describes the nuclear material under control and outlines the organization and the activities related to the implementation of the safeguards agreements

  1. ESO and NSF Sign Agreement on ALMA

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-02-01

    Green Light for World's Most Powerful Radio Observatory On February 25, 2003, the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and the US National Science Foundation (NSF) are signing a historic agreement to construct and operate the world's largest and most powerful radio telescope, operating at millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelength. The Director General of ESO, Dr. Catherine Cesarsky, and the Director of the NSF, Dr. Rita Colwell, act for their respective organizations. Known as the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), the future facility will encompass sixty-four interconnected 12-meter antennae at a unique, high-altitude site at Chajnantor in the Atacama region of northern Chile. ALMA is a joint project between Europe and North America. In Europe, ESO is leading on behalf of its ten member countries and Spain. In North America, the NSF also acts for the National Research Council of Canada and executes the project through the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) operated by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI). The conclusion of the ESO-NSF Agreement now gives the final green light for the ALMA project. The total cost of approximately 650 million Euro (or US Dollars) is shared equally between the two partners. Dr. Cesarsky is excited: "This agreement signifies the start of a great project of contemporary astronomy and astrophysics. Representing Europe, and in collaboration with many laboratories and institutes on this continent, we together look forward towards wonderful research projects. With ALMA we may learn how the earliest galaxies in the Universe really looked like, to mention but one of the many eagerly awaited opportunities with this marvellous facility". "With this agreement, we usher in a new age of research in astronomy" says Dr. Colwell. "By working together in this truly global partnership, the international astronomy community will be able to ensure the research capabilities needed to meet the long-term demands of our scientific enterprise, and

  2. Does MFN Free Riding Plague the Information Technology Agreement?

    OpenAIRE

    Sato, Hitoshi

    2014-01-01

    The Information Technology Agreement (ITA), enacted in 1997 as one of a few World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements realized after the Uruguay Round, lifted tariffs on a broad range of IT products such as telecommunication equipment and computers. As part of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)/WTO system, the ITA is built on the most-favored nation (MFN) principle. However, since participation is not mandatory, any WTO member country can potentially free ride on the agreement....

  3. International petroleum agreements : Republic of Cuba

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Foreign investment in the oil and gas sector has had a profound impact on the development of crude oil production in Cuba. In 1982, in order to encourage economic development, the Cuban government adopted a form of Production Sharing Contract (PSC) for international petroleum agreements. In 1990, the first PSC was negotiated with a consortium of European companies. This was followed in 1992 through 1994 with companies from Canada, Europe and Latin America. Then in 1995, a more comprehensive foreign investment law was enacted to further encourage foreign investment in Cuba. Onshore and shallow water regions of Cuba were divided into 45 blocks, 19 of which were under licence in 2001. In addition, in 1999 the government of Cuba offered 53 blocks in the deep water zones of the Cuban sector of the Gulf of Mexico to foreign investment, of which 6 are already under licence. Most exploration for oil and gas since 1991 has been carried out by foreign companies. Crude oil production in 1991 totalled 11,000 bopd of heavy oil production from the north coast of Cuba. By 2001, domestic crude oil production increased to more than 50,000 bopd, mostly due to foreign investment in exploration and development. This paper described the model form for Cuban Production Sharing Contracts with reference to parties, rights granted, terms, relinquishments, minimum exploration commitments, discovery of hydrocarbons and recovery of petroleum operation expenses. The paper also discussed gross production, cost recovery for contractors, and sharing of profits with contractors and the state oil company, CubaPetroleo. 1 fig

  4. 20 CFR 726.110 - Filing of agreement and undertaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Filing of agreement and undertaking. 726.110...'S INSURANCE Authorization of Self-Insurers § 726.110 Filing of agreement and undertaking. (a) In..., execute and file with the Office an agreement and undertaking in a form prescribed and provided by...

  5. 7 CFR 955.92 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 955.92 Section 955.92 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... Marketing Agreement § 955.92 Order with marketing agreement. Each signatory hereby requests the Secretary...

  6. 45 CFR 162.915 - Trading partner agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Trading partner agreements. 162.915 Section 162... REQUIREMENTS ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS General Provisions for Transactions § 162.915 Trading partner agreements. A covered entity must not enter into a trading partner agreement that would do any of...

  7. 32 CFR 536.104 - Current agreements in force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Current agreements in force. 536.104 Section 536.104 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY CLAIMS AND ACCOUNTS... agreements in force. Current listings of known agreements in force are also posted on the USARCS Web...

  8. Basic structure and recent developments of joint operating agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article discusses the joint operating agreement which is the preferred way for petroleum companies in the North Sea to organize their joint ventures. The advantages of this agreement are to do with tax and simplicity of organization and these are detailed for agreements relating to exploration and production operations. (UK)

  9. Texts of the Agency's Agreements with the Republic of Austria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the Exchange of Letters, dated 8 January 1999 and 27 January 1999 respectively, between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Austria and the IAEA, constituting a supplementary agreement t o the Agreement between the Republic of Austria and the IAEA regarding the Headquarters of the IAEA. The aforementioned Agreement entered into force on 8 February 1999

  10. 7 CFR 301.48-8 - Compliance agreements and cancellation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... to all areas where loading, unloading, and treatment of aircraft occurs. (b) A compliance agreement... 7 Agriculture 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Compliance agreements and cancellation. 301.48-8... Quarantine and Regulations § 301.48-8 Compliance agreements and cancellation. (a) Any person engaged in...

  11. 22 CFR 120.21 - Manufacturing license agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Manufacturing license agreement. 120.21 Section 120.21 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE INTERNATIONAL TRAFFIC IN ARMS REGULATIONS PURPOSE AND DEFINITIONS § 120.21 Manufacturing license agreement. An agreement (e.g., contract) whereby a U.S....

  12. 78 FR 32356 - United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ... 178 RIN 1515-AD86 United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement AGENCIES: U.S. Customs and Border... United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States and the Republic of Korea... ``Korea'') signed the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement (hereinafter ``UKFTA'' or the...

  13. Interparental Agreement, Parent-Child Responsiveness, and Children's Peer Competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, Eric W.; Mize, Jacquelyn

    2001-01-01

    Examined associations between interparental agreement, parent-child responsiveness, and children's social competence with peers. Associations were found between parental agreement in beliefs about control and parental similarity in use of control with child. Associations between agreement measures and children's social competence were partially…

  14. 42 CFR 431.108 - Effective date of provider agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... perform. (b) All requirements are met on the date of survey. The agreement is effective on the date the... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Effective date of provider agreements. 431.108... Administrative Requirements: Provider Relations § 431.108 Effective date of provider agreements....

  15. 48 CFR 215.407-3 - Forward pricing rate agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Forward pricing rate agreements. 215.407-3 Section 215.407-3 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... Contract Pricing 215.407-3 Forward pricing rate agreements. (b)(i) Use forward pricing rate agreement...

  16. The Texts of the Agency's Agreements with the United Nations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The texts of the following agreements and supplementary agreements between the Agency and the United Nations are reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency: I. A. Agreement Governing the Relationship Between the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency; B. Protocol Concerning the Entry into Force of the Agreement between the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency; II. Administrative Arrangement Concerning the Use of the United Nations Laissez-Passer by Officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency; and III. Agreement for the Admission of the International Atomic Energy Agency into the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund

  17. How to prepare an oil and gas farmout agreement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scott, J.R.

    1981-01-01

    A farmout agreement is usually defined as a contract to assign oil- and gas-lease rights in a certain acreage upon completion of drilling obligations and the performance of any other covenants and conditions therein contained. This review of the legal aspects of farmout agreements as alternatives to formal lease agreements includes a description of farmouts followed by an outline of major provisions in a typical agreement. The appendix includes a checklist of questions that lawyers will want to ask their clients, a sample farmout agreement, and a list of six recommended references. (DCK)

  18. The New Enhanced Simple Authenticated Key Agreement Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Simple authenticated key agreement algorithm is one of the Diffie-Hellman key agreement variations. It prevents man-inthe-middle attack with only two more packets required to agree on the secret session key, but it has some weaknesses. In this paper, a new enhanced simple authenticated key agreement algorithm is proposed to overcome these weaknesses on the basis of analyzing the weaknesses of the related protocols. The new enhanced simple authenticated key agreement algorithm can get over replay attack and password guessing attack, provide perfect forward secrecy, and hold the merits of the simple authenticated key agreement algorithm.

  19. Flux agreement above a Scots pine plantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gay, L. W.; Vogt, R.; Bernhofer, Ch.; Blanford, J. H.

    1996-03-01

    SEC system 3 were in reasonable agreement, while the BREB system appeared to overestimate H and underestimate LE; H and LE measured by SEC system 22 on the high tower were lower than from OPEC and SEC3 on the low tower. The turbulent flux measurements tended to converge, but the data exhibit unexplained differences between days, between systems, and between locations.

  20. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Colombia and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Colombia and the United States of America relating to the agreement between the two Governments for co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Safeguards Transfer Agreement entered into force on 9 December 1970.

  1. Predicting Trade Expansion under FTAs and Multilateral Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    DeRosa, Dean A.; John P. Gilbert

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the historical record of eight recent free trade agreements (FTAs). It also investigates the predictive power of two popular quantitative world trade models—the single-equation gravity model and the multiequation comput-able general equilibrium (CGE) model—as applied to three major trade liberalization agreements adopted during the 1990s: Mercosur, NAFTA, and the Uruguay Round Agreement, using the Rose gravity model and the GTAP general equilibrium model. Both models are f...

  2. Several Issues regarding the Mutual Agreement Procedures (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Ito, Tsuyoshi

    2010-01-01

    Mutual agreement procedures refer to an international tax dispute resolution mechanism, in which tax authorities of countries party to bilateral tax conventions (or treaties) negotiate. In recent years, the importance of the mutual agreement procedures has been growing, as the number of cases in which taxpayers request that their governments initiate mutual agreement procedures has been increasing. The reasons behind this are an increase in international trade, an enhancement of tax enforceme...

  3. Services Negotiation and Plurilateral Agreements: TISA and sectoral approach (Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    NAKATOMI Michitaka

    2014-01-01

    1. The World Trade Organization (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) negotiation has not resulted in any major achievements since the Telecommunication and Financial Services Agreements concluded in 1997 due to a lack of momentum in the Doha Round, concerns about free-riding, and free trade agreement (FTA) competition. In the stalemate in the Round, TISA, together with FTAs, have been promoted as a strong tool for liberalization and rulemaking in services. 2. Trade in Services ...

  4. Services Negotiation and Plurilateral Agreements: TISA and sectoral approach

    OpenAIRE

    NAKATOMI Michitaka

    2014-01-01

    1. The World Trade Organization (WTO) General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) negotiation has not resulted in any major achievements since the Telecommunication and Financial Services Agreements concluded in 1997 due to a lack of momentum in the Doha Round, concerns about free-riding, and free trade agreement (FTA) competition. In the stalemate in the Round, TISA, together with FTAs, have been promoted as a strong tool for liberalization and rulemaking in services. 2. Trade in Services ...

  5. Inter-rater Agreement for the Clinical Dysphagia Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Chun, Se Woong; Lee, Seung Ah; Jung, Il-Young; Beom, Jaewon; Han, Tai Ryoon; Oh, Byung-Mo

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the inter-rater agreement for the clinical dysphagia scale (CDS). Method Sixty-seven subjects scheduled to participate in a video-fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) were pre-examined by two raters independently within a 24-hour interval. Each item and the total score were compared between the raters. In addition, we investigated whether subtraction of items showing low agreement or modification of rating methods could enhance inter-rater agreement without significan...

  6. Environmental Provisions in Recent Regional Trade Agreements (2008 & 2009)

    OpenAIRE

    Colyer, Dale

    2010-01-01

    Despite a failure to achieve closure on the Doha Round of WTO negotiations, regional and bilateral trade agreements involving a variety of countries have continued to be negotiated, signed and implemented. Most of the recent trade agreements have contained some environmental provisions, ranging from a pledge to protect the environment to very extensive environmental requirements. These results appear to reflect a recognition that trade has environmental consequences and that trade agreements ...

  7. 1988 Japanese Beef Market Access Agreement: Forecast Simulation Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wahl, Thomas I.; Williams, Gary W.; Dermot J. Hayes

    1989-01-01

    This paper uses dynamic simulation analysis to consider the likely consequences of the 1988 Japanese Beef Market Access Agreement (BMAA) on the Japanese livestock industry and beef imports. Using a simultaneous equations, econometric model of Japanese livestock markets, a forecast baseline up to 1997 was first established, asswning that the Japanese beef import quota continues to increase by 9,000 tons annually as under the 1984 agreement The restrictions of the new agreement were then impose...

  8. The Eu-Angola Fisheries Agreement and Fisheries in Angola

    OpenAIRE

    Lankester, K.

    2002-01-01

    The first fisheries agreement between the European Community and Angola was signed in 1987. Protocols were renewed normally every two years. In July 2002 the European Commission announced the latest agreement with Angola, from here on the “Agreement”. It will last for two years: August 2002 – August 2004. The previous Agreement ran from May 2000 to May 2002 and was extended by three months to 2 August 2002 to allow negotiations to be completed.

  9. Kappa coefficient: a popular measure of rater agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Wan; Hu, Jun; Zhang, Hui; Wu, Pan; He, Hua

    2015-01-01

    Summary In mental health and psychosocial studies it is often necessary to report on the between-rater agreement of measures used in the study. This paper discusses the concept of agreement, highlighting its fundamental difference from correlation. Several examples demonstrate how to compute the kappa coefficient – a popular statistic for measuring agreement – both by hand and by using statistical software packages such as SAS and SPSS. Real study data are used to illustrate how to use and in...

  10. Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency, which was approved by the Board of Governors on 1 July 1959, is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. As required by section 38 of the Agreement, the Director General is transmitting to the Government of each Member a certified copy of the Agreement in each of the Agency's four working languages

  11. Gender and Agreement Processing in Children with Developmental Language Disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Rakhlin, Natalia; Kornilov, Sergey A.; Grigorenko, Elena L.

    2013-01-01

    Two experiments tested whether Russian-speaking children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) are sensitive to gender agreement when performing a gender decision task. In Experiment 1, the presence of overt gender agreement between verbs and/or adjectival modifiers and post-verbal subject nouns memory was varied. In Experiment 2, agreement violations were introduced and the targets varied between words, pseudo-words, or pseudo-words with derivational suffixes. In both experiments, child...

  12. Free Trade Agreements as Protectionist Devices: Rules of Origin

    OpenAIRE

    Anne O. Krueger

    1993-01-01

    In this paper it is argued that there is an important protectionist bias inherent in free trade agreements which is not present in custom unions. In any customs union or free trade agreement, one of the critical issues concerns "rules of origin." In a free trade agreement rules of origin have an important function because, without one, each imported commodity would enter through the country with the lowest tariff on each commodity. The criterion for duty-free treatment is important in determi...

  13. Complexity Matters: On Gender Agreement in Heritage Scandinavian

    OpenAIRE

    Johannessen, Janne Bondi; Larsson, Ida

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates aspects of the noun phrase from a Scandinavian heritage language perspective, with an emphasis on noun phrase-internal gender agreement and noun declension. Our results are somewhat surprising compared with earlier research: We find that noun phrase-internal agreement for the most part is rather stable. To the extent that we find attrition, it affects agreement in the noun phrase, but not the declension of the noun. We discuss whether this means that gender is lost and...

  14. The Relationship between Corporate Strategy and Cooperative Agreement Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús David Sánchez de Pablo González del Campo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Cooperative agreements have become widespread due to the difficulty firms can compete alone in a highly turbulent environment. Key success factors in cooperative agreements, their benefits and risks and their effect in technology-intensive sectors have been analyzed in multiple studies. In our case, we will analyze the influence of corporate strategy on cooperative agreement success. The main conclusion is that cooperative agreement should be simultaneously coordinated and should respect the corporate strategy if its results are to be improved. Our study will be developed in a mature industry with low technological intensity in order to fill the gap found in research.

  15. 7 CFR 3431.17 - VMLRP service agreement offer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., EDUCATION, AND EXTENSION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VETERINARY MEDICINE LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM Administration of the Veterinary Medicine Loan Repayment Program § 3431.17 VMLRP service agreement offer....

  16. Climate agreements under limited participation, asymmetric information and market imperfections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hagem, Cathrine

    1996-12-31

    This thesis relates to climate agreements and cost efficiency by analysing the formation of a system of quota leading to distributed discharge of emissions between countries. Main fields concerned are the greenhouse effect, the political process, efficient and cost-effective climate agreements, and climate agreements under limited participation, asymmetric information and market imperfections covering fields like limited participation in climate agreements, limited participation and indirect impact on non-participating countries` emissions, limited participation and direct impact on non-participating countries` emissions under asymmetric information, and non-competitive market for tradeable quotas. 166 refs., 7 tabs.

  17. African Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology. Third extension of agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to Article XIV.2, the Agreement 'shall continue in force for a period of five years from the date of its entry into force and may be extended for further periods of five years if the Government Parties so agree'. The third extension of the Agreement entered into force on 4 April 2005, upon expiration of the second extension of the Agreement and will remain in force for an additional period of five years, i.e. through 3 April 2010. As of 10 May 2005, 20 States have notified the Agency of their acceptance of the extension of the Agreement. The status list of the Agreement is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. Members will be notified of further acceptances of the extension of the Agreement by addenda to this information circular

  18. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement Relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Iran and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Iran and the United States of America relating to the agreement between the two Governments for co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. Members will be informed of the entry into force of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement.

  19. The Text of a Safeguards Transfer Agreement Relating to a Bilateral Agreement between Austria and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Austria and the United States of America relating to the agreement of 11 July 1969 between the two Governments for cooperation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Safeguards Transfer Agreement entered into force on 24 January 1970.

  20. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Denmark and the United Kingdom

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Denmark and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland relating to the agreement between those Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. This Safeguards Transfer Agreement was signed and entered into force on 23 June 1965

  1. The Text of a Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to a Bilateral Agreement between Argentina and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Argentina and the United States of America relating to the agreement of 25 June 1969 between the two Governments for co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Safeguards Transfer Agreement entered into force on 25 July 1969.

  2. The quid-pro-quo of environmental agreements: Reflections on industrial energy efficiency agreements from five countries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Helby, Peter

    2001-10-01

    This workshop paper reflects on the exchange of values between the government side and the business side, which is a core logic of environmental agreements. The reflections refer to case studies of industrial energy efficiency agreements from Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands and Sweden, originating from the VAIE project (Voluntary Agreements, Implementation and Efficiency). The government bargaining chips discussed are monetary rewards, help to gain competitive advantage, regulatory flexibility and political protection. The business side bargaining chips are emission limits, organisational change, investments, information, submission to control and political pain reduction. The discussion underlines the need for substantial commitments by the government side, as a precondition for achieving effective agreements.

  3. The text of a safeguards transfer agreement relating to a bilateral agreement between Argentina and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of a safeguards transfer agreement of 28 August 1996 relating to a bilateral agreement between Argentina and the United States of America to suspend the application of safeguards pursuant to the agreement of 25 July 1969 between the Agency, Argentina and the United States of America in light of the provisions for the application of safeguards pursuant to the quadripartite safeguards agreement between Argentina, Brazil, the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for the Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials and the IAEA. The Protocol entered into force on 13 January 1997

  4. 15 CFR 2011.106 - Agreements with foreign countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agreements with foreign countries. 2011.106 Section 2011.106 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON IMPORTED...

  5. Gender and Agreement Processing in Children with Developmental Language Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakhlin, Natalia; Kornilov, Sergey A.; Grigorenko, Elena L.

    2014-01-01

    Two experiments tested whether Russian-speaking children with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD) are sensitive to gender agreement when performing a gender decision task. In Experiment 1, the presence of overt gender agreement between verbs and/or adjectival modifiers and postverbal subject nouns memory was varied. In Experiment 2, agreement…

  6. Mother-Child Agreement on the Child's Past Food Exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thongudomporn, Udom; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi; Geater, Alan F.

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To assess mother-child agreement on the child's past food exposure, and factors affecting response discrepancy. Methods: Twelve- to 14-year-old children and their mothers (n = 78) in an urban community, a rural community, and 2 orthodontic clinics completed a 69-item food questionnaire to determine mother-child level of agreement on the…

  7. The Texts of the Agency's Relationship Agreements with Specialized Agencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the relationship agreement with the Agency has concluded with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, together with the protocol regarding its entry into force, is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency. The agreement entered into force on 9 October 1987 pursuant to Article 10

  8. 34 CFR 31.10 - Request for repayment agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    .... (b) In the agreement, the Secretary and the employee may agree to satisfaction of the debt from... repayment agreement. (a) The Secretary does not initiate an offset under this part if the employee agrees in... hearing official, if the employee timely requested a hearing under § 31.5 (a) and (d); (2) The...

  9. 12 CFR 211.5 - Edge and agreement corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and Q (12 CFR parts 204 and 217) in the same manner and to the same extent as if the Edge or agreement... (12 CFR part 204), and other Edge and agreement corporations; (3) Money-market instruments (including... (12 CFR 208.62). (l) Protection of customer information and consumer information. An Edge or...

  10. 78 FR 12368 - Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-22

    ... Priority Mail Contract; Negotiated Service Agreement AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice... Priority Mail Contract 47 Negotiated Service Agreement. This notice informs the public of the filing... Service filed notice that it has agreed to an amendment to existing Priority Mail Contract 47, which...

  11. 7 CFR 3550.114 - Repayment agreement (grants only).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Repayment agreement (grants only). 3550.114 Section 3550.114 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE... 306C Water and Waste Disposal Grants § 3550.114 Repayment agreement (grants only). Grant recipients...

  12. 20 CFR 627.200 - Governor/Secretary agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Governor/Secretary agreement. 627.200 Section... PROVISIONS GOVERNING PROGRAMS UNDER TITLES I, II, AND III OF THE ACT Program Requirements § 627.200 Governor/Secretary agreement. (a)(1) To establish a continuing relationship under the Act, the Governor and...

  13. 40 CFR 35.6200 - Eligibility for removal Cooperative Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eligibility for removal Cooperative Agreements. 35.6200 Section 35.6200 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND..., political subdivisions and Indian Tribes may apply for removal Cooperative Agreements....

  14. 40 CFR 35.6100 - Eligibility for remedial Cooperative Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eligibility for remedial Cooperative Agreements. 35.6100 Section 35.6100 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... remedial Cooperative Agreements. States, Indian Tribes, and political subdivisions may apply for...

  15. 40 CFR 35.6145 - Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Eligibility for enforcement Cooperative Agreements. 35.6145 Section 35.6145 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND... enforcement Cooperative Agreements. Pursuant to CERCLA section 104(d), States, political subdivisions...

  16. Neural conditional ordinal random fields for agreement level estimation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rakicevic, Nemanja; Pantic, Maja; Rudovic, Ognjen; Petridis, Stavros; Rakicevic, N.; Rudovic, O.; Petrids, S.; Pantic, M.

    2015-01-01

    We present a novel approach to automated estimation of agreement intensity levels from facial images. To this end, we employ the MAHNOB Mimicry database of subjects recorded during dyadic interactions, where the facial images are annotated in terms of agreement intensity levels using the Likert scal

  17. 42 CFR 409.26 - Transfer agreement hospital services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Transfer agreement hospital services. 409.26... SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM HOSPITAL INSURANCE BENEFITS Posthospital SNF Care § 409.26 Transfer agreement hospital services. (a) Services furnished by an intern or a resident-in-training. Medicare pays for...

  18. 15 CFR 296.8 - Joint venture agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Joint venture agreement. 296.8 Section... PROGRAM General § 296.8 Joint venture agreement. NIST shall not issue a TIP award to a joint venture and no costs shall be incurred under a TIP project by the joint venture members until such time as...

  19. 76 FR 63833 - Commission Approval of Divestiture Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... divestiture with an ``up-front buyer''). If the order requires the respondent to divest within some deadline... Commission must approve both the acquirer of the divested assets and all agreements relating to the... perform as required in that agreement fails to divest in the approved manner, and thereby, ] fails...

  20. 5 CFR 2634.909 - Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. 2634.909 Section 2634.909 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS... Financial Disclosure Reports § 2634.909 Procedures, penalties, and ethics agreements. (a) The provisions...

  1. 5 CFR 2634.803 - Notification of ethics agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Notification of ethics agreements. 2634.803 Section 2634.803 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS GOVERNMENT ETHICS EXECUTIVE BRANCH FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE, QUALIFIED TRUSTS, AND CERTIFICATES OF DIVESTITURE Ethics Agreements §...

  2. 14 CFR 1274.213 - Distribution of cooperative agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Distribution of cooperative agreements. 1274.213 Section 1274.213 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH COMMERCIAL FIRMS Pre-Award Requirements § 1274.213 Distribution of...

  3. 76 FR 14570 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Trade Agreements Thresholds

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-16

    ... Regulation (FAR) to incorporate increased thresholds for application of the World Trade Organization... the Federal Register at 75 FR 38689 on July 2, 2010, to incorporate increased thresholds for application of the World Trade Organization Government Procurement Agreement and the Free Trade Agreements,...

  4. 42 CFR 124.607 - Agreements with State agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....607 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES HEALTH RESOURCES... agency is able and willing to do so, he may enter into an agreement with the State agency for the State agency to assist him in administering this subpart in the State. (b) Under an agreement, the State...

  5. 19 CFR 123.72 - Written agreement requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Written agreement requirement. 123.72 Section 123.72 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Land Border Carrier Initiative Program § 123.72 Written agreement requirement....

  6. 33 CFR 385.27 - Project Cooperation Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Project Cooperation Agreements... Implementation Processes § 385.27 Project Cooperation Agreements. (a) General. Prior to initiating construction or implementation of a project, the Corps of Engineers shall execute a Project Cooperation...

  7. 23 CFR 645.213 - Use and occupancy agreements (permits).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... OPERATIONS UTILITIES Accommodation of Utilities § 645.213 Use and occupancy agreements (permits). The written... will not be applicable to each individual utility installation, the use and occupancy agreement must..., maintenance, access restriction, and any special conditions applicable to each installation. (b) A...

  8. 13 CFR 130.600 - Cooperative agreement. [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperative agreement. 130.600 Section 130.600 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS § 130.600 Cooperative agreement....

  9. 28 CFR 100.19 - Adjustments to agreement estimate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adjustments to agreement estimate. 100.19..., COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANCE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT ACT OF 1994 § 100.19 Adjustments to agreement estimate. (a... the adjustment results in an increase in the estimated reimbursement, the FBI will review...

  10. 29 CFR 1203.3 - Interpretation of mediation agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Interpretation of mediation agreements. 1203.3 Section 1203.3 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD APPLICATIONS FOR SERVICE § 1203.3 Interpretation of mediation agreements. (a) Applications may be filed with the Board's Chief...

  11. 29 CFR 1202.2 - Interpretation of mediation agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Interpretation of mediation agreements. 1202.2 Section 1202.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) NATIONAL MEDIATION BOARD RULES OF PROCEDURE § 1202.2 Interpretation of mediation agreements. Under section 5, Second, of title I of the Railway...

  12. 48 CFR 742.770 - Negotiated indirect cost rate agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Negotiated indirect cost rate agreement. 742.770 Section 742.770 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CONTRACT MANAGEMENT CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION Indirect Cost Rates 742.770 Negotiated indirect cost rate agreement. Except for...

  13. The future of human rights impact assessments of trade agreements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walker, S.M.

    2009-01-01

    The Future of Human Rights Impact Assessments of Trade Agreements develops a methodology for human rights impact assessments of trade agreements and considers whether there is any value in using the methodology on a sustained basis to ensure that the human dimensions of international trade are taken

  14. Are Physicians and Patients in Agreement? Exploring Dyadic Concordance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coran, Justin J.; Koropeckyj-Cox, Tanya; Arnold, Christa L.

    2013-01-01

    Dyadic concordance in physician-patient interactions can be defined as the extent of agreement between physicians and patients in their perceptions of the clinical encounter. The current research specifically examined two types of concordance: informational concordance--the extent of agreement in physician and patient responses regarding patient…

  15. Lock-In Agreements in Venture Capital Backed UK IPOs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Espenlaub, S.; Goergen, M.; Khurshed, A.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of venture-capital backing of UK companies issuing shares at flotation on the characteristics of the lock-in agreements entered into by the existing shareholders, and on the abnormal returns realised around the expiry of the directors' lock-in agreements.The study exam

  16. Service offerings and agreements a guide for ITIL exam candidates

    CERN Document Server

    Griffiths, Richard

    2014-01-01

    By implementing good practice in service offerings and agreements, IT departments can achieve customer satisfaction. Providing clarification and expansion of the core ITIL® texts, this new edition reflects the current thinking from ITIL and is aligned to the latest syllabus for the Intermediate Certificate in Service Offerings and Agreements.

  17. LEGAL NATURE OF CORPORATE AGREEMENT IN THE RUSSIAN LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudenko E. Y.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Legal consolidation of the corporate agreement institution in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation allowed the participants of business companies to implement and manage corporate rights in accordance with this agreement. However, reception of the institution and the lack of uniform court practice gave rise to many doctrinal disputes about the legal nature of the contract. The article presents the opinions of scientists on the issue of what rules of areas of law regulate the corporate agreement, whether it is separate or complex legal institution. The authors consider that the corporate agreement is governed exclusively by the rules of civil law. The corporate agreement is not a contract or an obligation in the traditional sense, however, it should be subjected to the general rules of obligations and contract law The corporate agreement has features of the unnamed contract, but despite this, it should be recognized as an independent civil law named contract. It is needed to ensure that, in addition to the general rules of the Obligations and Contracts, the rules of a treaty on the rights of participants of the limited liability and stockholders' agreement are applied to the corporate agreement

  18. Beyond the dogma of the fixed book price agreement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F. van der Ploeg

    2004-01-01

    After describing the essential features of the book market, a welfare analysisof the fixed book price agreement is given. Allowance is made for theopportunity cost of reading. Theoretically such an agreement pushes up bookprices and depresses book sales. However, more titles will be published,partic

  19. 48 CFR 35.017-1 - Sponsoring agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... CATEGORIES OF CONTRACTING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CONTRACTING 35.017-1 Sponsoring agreements. (a) In order... mission, and ensure a periodic reevaluation of the FFRDC, a written agreement of sponsorship between the... earnings (reserves) and the development of a plan for their use and disposition. (4) A prohibition...

  20. Agreement on the privileges and immunities of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document contains the list of Member States which, by 1 May 1987 had accepted the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The list is followed by the texts of reservations to the Agreement made by some of the Members in question when depositing their respective instruments of acceptance with the Director General

  1. Agreement on the privileges and immunities of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 61 Member States which by 1 January 1991, have accepted the Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency as provided for in Section 38 thereof. This list is followed by the texts of reservations made to the Agreement

  2. Museums in the Commercial Marketplace: The Need for Licensing Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodes, Scott; Gross, Karen

    1978-01-01

    Discussed are the major features of a Model Licensing Agreement to be used by museums in any commercial reproduction venture. They include rights and obligations of the respective parties, maintenance of quality control, payment of royalties, arbitration, and termination provisions. The Model Licensing Agreement is appended. (JMD)

  3. The Texts of the Agency's Relationship Agreements with Specialized Agencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The texts of the relationship agreements which the Agency has concluded with the specialized agencies listed below, together with the respective protocols authenticating them, are reproduced in this document in the order which the agreements entered into force, for the information of all Members of the Agency

  4. 23 CFR 190.3 - Agreement to control advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... agreement consistent with 23 CFR 750.101. ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Agreement to control advertising. 190.3 Section 190.3 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION PAYMENT PROCEDURES INCENTIVE...

  5. 47 CFR 90.1410 - Network sharing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Network sharing agreement. 90.1410 Section 90... PRIVATE LAND MOBILE RADIO SERVICES 700 MHz Public/Private Partnership § 90.1410 Network sharing agreement... related entities as the Commission may require or allow will be governed by the Network Sharing...

  6. 22 CFR 1422.7 - Agreement for consent election.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Agreement for consent election. 1422.7 Section... REPRESENTATION PROCEEDINGS § 1422.7 Agreement for consent election. (a) All parties desiring to participate in an election being conducted pursuant to this section or § 1422.16, including intervenors who have met...

  7. 19 CFR 114.2 - Customs Conventions and Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Customs Conventions and Agreements. 114.2 Section 114.2 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CARNETS General Provisions § 114.2 Customs Conventions and Agreements....

  8. 7 CFR 1730.64 - Power purchase agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Power purchase agreements. 1730.64 Section 1730.64 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Power purchase agreements. Nothing in this subpart requires the borrower to enter into purchase...

  9. 32 CFR 505.13 - Computer Matching Agreement Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Computer Matching Agreement Program. 505.13 Section 505.13 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS ARMY PRIVACY ACT PROGRAM § 505.13 Computer Matching Agreement Program....

  10. Against Permitted Exploitation in Developing World Research Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wenner, Danielle M

    2016-04-01

    This paper examines the moral force of exploitation in developing world research agreements. Taking for granted that some clinical research which is conducted in the developing world but funded by developed world sponsors is exploitative, it asks whether a third party would be morally justified in enforcing limits on research agreements in order to ensure more fair and less exploitative outcomes. This question is particularly relevant when such exploitative transactions are entered into voluntarily by all relevant parties, and both research sponsors and host communities benefit from the resulting agreements. I show that defenders of the claim that exploitation ought to be permitted rely on a mischaracterization of certain forms of interference as unjustly paternalistic and two dubious empirical assumptions about the results of regulation. The view I put forward is that by evaluating a system of constraints on international research agreements, rather than individual transaction-level interference, we can better assess the alternatives to permitting exploitative research agreements. PMID:25688922

  11. Types of contracts and agreements guide. Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-05-01

    The purpose of this volume is to be helpful in providing a comprehensive introduction to a wide variety of contract types and agreements, including a consideration of small purchase procedures and multiyear procurement. In both format and content, it is designed to help those persons who influence the determination of the types of contracts and agreements to be employed in acquiring goods and services for the Department of Energy. Information is presented on selecting and negotiating types of contract compensation arrangements; fixed-price type contract compensation arrangements, including small purchases and multiyear procurement; cost-reimbursement type contract compensation arrangements; other types of contract compensation agreements; and basic agreements and basic ordering agreements. (LCL)

  12. US-India agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The United States and India acheived a historic agreement for strategic partnership after the completion of negotiations on the bilateral agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation, also known as the agreement of 123. This agreement regulates the civilian nuclear trade between the two countries and opens the door wide to U.S. and Indian companies for a partnership in every other country in the civil nuclear industry. This agreement has opened the door to complete the remaining steps for the the widest American Indian cooperation in the field of civil uses of atomic energy. Critics to the agreement within the United States say that the agreement reflected serious consequences on the ability of the United States to force other countries to comply with the prevention of nuclear proliferation. The global criticism focused on that the agreement strikes at the heart of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and is considered a dangerous precedent to break the laws of the International Tribunal, and especially the laws and rules of the International Group of Suppliers, which includes 45 countries. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) says that the agreement is an important step towards meeting India's growing energy needs, especially nuclear technology which is the engine of development. Immediately after the completion of the United States and India for their bilateral agreement for nuclear cooperation, Israel announced that it was seeking U.S. help in the establishment of a power reactor while pressing the direction of tightening control over Iran's nuclear program while some Arab countries announced their desire to have nuclear reactors for electricity generation purposes.

  13. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Spain and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Spain and the United States of America relating to the agreement between those Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  14. 76 FR 24481 - Notice of Two Proposed Agreements, a CERCLA Agreement and Order on Consent for Removal Action by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-02

    ... settlements for which public comment is requested. In one, Puma Energy, Caribe LLC (``Puma'') and the U.S...-9675. In the other proposed agreement (referred to as the ``RCRA UST Agreement''), Puma, the United... Conservation and Recovery Act, as amended (``RCRA''), 42 U.S.C. 6991-6991m, concerning issues related to...

  15. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Thailand and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency. Thailand and the United States of America relating to the agreement between those Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  16. The Text of a Safeguards Transfer Agreement Relating to the Bilateral Agreement Between Sweden and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of a Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Sweden and the United States of America relating to the agreement of 28 July 1966, as amended, between the two Governments for co-operation in the civil uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  17. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Iran and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Iran and the United States of America relating to the agreement berween the two Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development or the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  18. The Texts of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Israel and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement between the Agency, Israel and the United States of America relating to the agreement between those Governments concerning co-operation in the promotion and development of the peaceful uses of atomic energy is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  19. African Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology. Fourth Extension of Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pursuant to Article XIV.2, the Agreement 'shall continue in force for a period of five years from the date of its entry into force and may be extended for further periods of five years if the Government Parties so agree'. The fourth extension of the Agreement entered into force on 4 April 2010, upon expiration of the third extension of the Agreement and will remain in force for an additional period of five years, i.e. through 3 April 2015. As of 30 April 2010, 8 States have notified the Agency of their acceptance of the extension of the Agreement. The status list of the Agreement is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members

  20. The oil market and international agreements on CO2 emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to avoid a relatively large risk of dramatic adverse climatic changes during the next century, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced significantly relative to present emissions. CO2 is the most important greenhouse gas, so any international agreement will certainly cover CO2 emissions. Any international agreement to reduce emissions of CO2 is going to have a significant impact on the markets for fossil fuels. The analysis shows that is not only the amount of CO2 emissions permitted in an agreement which matters for fossil fuel prices, but also the type of agreement. Two obvious forms of agreements, which under certain assumptions both are cost efficient, are (a) tradeable emission permits, and (b) an international CO2 tax. If the fossil fuel markets were perfectly competitive, these two types of agreements would have the same effect on the producer price of fossil fuels. However, fossil fuel markets are not completely competitive. It is shown that, under imperfect competition, direct regulation of the ''tradeable quotas'' type tends to imply higher producer prices than an international CO2 tax giving the same total CO2 emissions. A numerical illustration of the oil market indicates that the difference in producer prices for the two types of CO2 agreements is quite significant. 6 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  1. Statistical methods for assessing agreement between continuous measurements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokolowski, Ineta; Hansen, Rikke Pilegaard; Vedsted, Peter

    Background: Clinical research often involves study of agreement amongst observers. Agreement can be measured in different ways, and one can obtain quite different values depending on which method one uses. Objective: We review the approaches that have been discussed to assess the agreement betwee......-moment correlation coefficient (r) between the results of the two measurements methods as an indicator of agreement, which is wrong. There have been proposed several alternative methods, which we will describe together with preconditions for use of the methods....... continuous measures and discuss their strengths and weaknesses. Different methods are illustrated using actual data from the `Delay in diagnosis of cancer in general practice´ project in Aarhus, Denmark. Subjects and Methods: We use weighted kappa-statistic, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC......), concordance coefficient, Bland-Altman limits of agreement and percentage of agreement to assess the agreement between patient reported delay and doctor reported delay in diagnosis of cancer in general practice. Key messages: The correct statistical approach is not obvious. Many studies give the product...

  2. The oil market and international agreements on CO2 emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    According to most scientists, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced significantly relative to current trends to avoid dramatic adverse climatic changes during the next century. CO2 is the most important greenhouse gas, so any international agreement will certainly cover CO2 emissions. Any international agreement to reduce emissions of CO2 is going to have a significant impact on the markets for fossil fuels. The analysis shows that it is not only the amount of CO2 emissions permitted in an agreement which matters for fossil fuel prices, but also the type of agreement. Two obvious forms of agreements, which under certain assumptions both are cost efficient, are (a) tradeable emission permits, and (b) an international CO2 tax. If the fossil fuel markets were perfectly competitive, these two types of agreements would have the same effect on the producer price of fossil fuels. However, fossil fuel markets are not completely competitive. It is shown that, under imperfect competition, direct regulation of the 'tradeable quotas' type tends to imply higher producer prices and a larger efficiency loss than an international CO2 tax giving the same total CO2 emissions. A numerical illustration of the oil market indicates that the difference in producer prices for the two types of CO2 agreements is quite significant. 6 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs

  3. Indonesian and United States of American Economic Partnership Agreement Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tajerin Tajerin

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes fisheries trade effects from the implementation of Indonesian and the UnitedStates of American Economic Partnership Agreement (IUSEPA. The analysis is performed on theintegrated world trade databases owned by World Trade Organization, United Nations Conferenceon Trade and Development, and United Nations Statistics Division, using Wits software packagedeveloped by the World Bank. The result indicates that in the future, Indonesian government as aparty that will conduct bilateral economic partnership agreement with the United states, needs topropose or negotiate fishery import tariffs that imposed by the United States ranges from 0 to 7percent.Keywords: Bilateral economic agreement, fisheries, trade effect

  4. Economical and strategical aspects of Brazilian-Germany nuclear agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The strategical and economical aspects of Brazilian-Germany nuclear agreement are analyzed in three aspects: 1) The nuclear agreement in the context of the Brazilian economic - and social development process, considering the availability of energetic resouces of the country. Political implications. Considerations about creation and transfer of technology. 2) The economy aspects involved in the agreement. Comparison costs of electrical energy generated in a nuclear power plants and hydroelectric plant in Brazil. Impacts on the industrial development. 3) Strategical aspects. (E.G.)

  5. Kappa coefficient: a popular measure of rater agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Wan; Hu, Jun; Zhang, Hui; Wu, Pan; He, Hua

    2015-02-25

    In mental health and psychosocial studies it is often necessary to report on the between-rater agreement of measures used in the study. This paper discusses the concept of agreement, highlighting its fundamental difference from correlation. Several examples demonstrate how to compute the kappa coefficient - a popular statistic for measuring agreement - both by hand and by using statistical software packages such as SAS and SPSS. Real study data are used to illustrate how to use and interpret this coefficient in clinical research and practice. The article concludes with a discussion of the limitations of the coefficient. PMID:25852260

  6. Verb Agreement Features in Standard Arabic (SA: A Minimalist Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostapha Thabit Mohamed

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigates the features of the verb agreement in Standard Arabic (SA.The investigation is conducted within the framework of the principles of Chomsky's Minimalism. The main objective of the study is to survey the applicability of the Minimalist principles on the derivation of SV order and VO order in SA. The study shows that the principles of Minimalism cannot account for the feature of agreement asymmetry either in SV order or VS order. The study concludes that principles of Minimalism needs to be modified to justify the asymmetry in agreement features of the verb in both SV and VS orders in SA.

  7. Lock-In Agreements in Venture Capital Backed UK IPOs

    OpenAIRE

    Espenlaub, S.; Goergen, M.; Khurshed, A.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of venture-capital backing of UK companies issuing shares at flotation on the characteristics of the lock-in agreements entered into by the existing shareholders, and on the abnormal returns realised around the expiry of the directors' lock-in agreements.The study examines the lock-in agreements of a sample of 186 UK IPOs issued during 1992-98. 103 of these companies had venture-capital backing at the IPO.The sample is also broken down into firms classified by i...

  8. Draft India safeguards agreement circulated to IAEA board members

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: At the request of the Government of India, the IAEA Secretariat today circulated to Members of the IAEA Board of Governors for their consideration the draft of an Agreement with the Government of India for the Application of Safeguards to Civilian Nuclear Facilities. The Chairman of the Board is consulting with Board Members to agree on a date for a Board meeting when the Agreement would be considered. Note to editors: The text of the draft Agreement is not public. IAEA Officials will not be giving interviews at this time. (IAEA)

  9. The Text of the Fifth Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (RCA). Extension of Agreement. Latest Status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Text of the Fifth Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Cooperative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology (RCA). Extension of Agreement. Latest Status

  10. Diffusion tensor imaging of the median nerve: intra-, inter-reader agreement, and agreement between two software packages

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess intra-, inter-reader agreement, and the agreement between two software packages for magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measurements of the median nerve. Fifteen healthy volunteers (seven men, eight women; mean age, 31.2 years) underwent DTI of both wrists at 1.5 T. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the median nerve were measured by three readers using two commonly used software packages. Measurements were repeated by two readers after 6 weeks. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman analysis were used for statistical analysis. ICCs for intra-reader agreement ranged from 0.87 to 0.99, for inter-reader agreement from 0.62 to 0.83, and between the two software packages from 0.63 to 0.82. Bland-Altman analysis showed no differences for intra- and inter-reader agreement and agreement between software packages. The intra-, inter-reader, and agreement between software packages for DTI measurements of the median nerve were moderate to substantial suggesting that user- and software-dependent factors contribute little to variance in DTI measurements. (orig.)

  11. The Text of the Safeguards Transfer Agreement relating to the Bilateral Agreement between Colombia and the United States of America. Protocol Prolonging the Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Protocol of 28 March 1977 prolonging the Agreement of 9 December 1970 between the Agency, Colombia and the United States of America for the application of safeguards is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Protocol entered into force, pursuant to section 2, on 28 March 1977.

  12. The Texts of the Agency's Relationship Agreements with Specialized Agencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the relationship agreement which the Agency has concluded with the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization, together with the protocol authenticating it, is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency

  13. Singapore Airlines and South African Airways Sign Codeshare Agreement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ From 15 September 2006, Singapore Airlines' customers will be able to travel to more destinations in South Africa thanks to a new codeshare agreement signed by Singapore Airlines and South African Airways (SAA).

  14. 78 FR 73239 - Small Generator Interconnection Agreements and Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-05

    ... Interconnection Agreements and Procedures, 78 FR 7524 (Feb. 1, 2013) (NOPR), FERC Stats. & Regs. ] 32,697 (2013..., American Iron and Steel Institute, CHP Association and Council of Industrial Boiler Owners are...

  15. Guidelines for Reporting Reliability and Agreement Studies (GRRAS) were proposed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kottner, Jan; Audigé, Laurent; Brorson, Stig;

    2011-01-01

    for rigorously conducted interrater and intrarater reliability and agreement studies. Information about sample selection, study design, and statistical analysis is often incomplete. Because of inadequate reporting, interpretation and synthesis of study results are often difficult. Widely accepted...

  16. CETA - BILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EU AND CANADA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila Borta

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The international trade for wide world countries in the means more growth, more jobs and access on more products at competitive prices. The European Union is a major economy and an important trading partner for many countries and regions in the world. To stimulate growth and to create jobs in the Union, this economy has concluded multilateral trade agreement (under the World Trade Organisation and a number of bilateral (preferential trade agreements. The aim of this paper is to present an example of fully elimination of tariffs and tariff lines under a bilateral trade agreement. In this case, we have analysed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA negotiated by the European Union and Canada. For both sides of Atlantic, the CETA is supposed to bring the solution for today's issues concerning the important trading aspects and, also, to facilitate the EU-Canada bilateral trade by creating competition.

  17. Agreement Measure Comparisons between Two Independent Sets of Raters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Kenneth J.; Mielke, Paul W., Jr.

    1997-01-01

    Describes a FORTRAN software program that calculates the probability of an observed difference between agreement measures obtained from two independent sets of raters. An example illustrates the use of the DIFFER program in evaluating undergraduate essays. (Author/SLD)

  18. Implications of bilateral free trade agreements on access to medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Carlos María

    2006-05-01

    The TRIPS Agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO) mandated the introduction of protection of intellectual property rights, notably patents, for pharmaceutical products. While the implications for the access to medicines contained in the terms of this Agreement raised significant concerns, a recent new wave of free trade agreements, negotiated outside the WTO, requires even higher levels of intellectual property protection for medicines than those mandated by that Agreement. The measures involved include the extension of the patent term beyond 20 years; prohibition of use of test data on drug efficacy and safety for certain periods for the approval of generic products; the linkage between drug registration and patent protection; in some cases, limitations to the grounds for granting compulsory licences. This article reviews some of these measures that further limit the competition of generic products and discusses their possible implication for access to medicines. PMID:16710551

  19. Working with the NCL - Material Transfer Agreement - Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    To share and safeguard Research Material, intellectual property and proprietary information, the NCL's interaction with extramural researchers and vendors will normally be conducted under a Material Transfer Agreement (MTA).

  20. 48 CFR 42.1204 - Applicability of novation agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., agreement, or court decree. (2) A certified copy of each resolution of the corporate parties' boards of directors authorizing the transfer of assets. (3) A certified copy of the minutes of each corporate...

  1. Mixed Agreements as a Source of EU Law

    OpenAIRE

    Neframi, Eleftheria

    2011-01-01

    Integration of mixed agreements in the EU legal order. Competence of the Court of Justice. Division of competences between the Court of Justice and the national judge. International responsibility of the EU. Duty of loyalty.

  2. 46 CFR 535.403 - Form of agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... Agreements in a language other than English shall be accompanied by an English translation. (b) Every... filed will be signed in the original by an official or authorized representative of each of the...

  3. A Key Agreement Protocol Using Non-Abelian Group

    OpenAIRE

    Abhishek Dwivedi; D.B.OJHA

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a key agreement protocol based on a non abelian group. It is proved that the proposed protocol meets several security attributes under the assumption that the Root Problem (RP) in braid group is a hard problem

  4. A Secure Key Agreement Protocol Using Braid Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Atul Chaturvedi; Shyam Sundar

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an authenticated key agreement protocol based on a braid group. It is proved that the proposed protocol meets several security attributes under the assumption that the Root Problem (RP) in braid group is a hard problem.

  5. Co-Development Agreements | NCI Technology Transfer Center | TTC

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute's TTC uses three different co-development agreements to help industry and academia interact and partner with National Institutes of Health laboratories and scientists to support technology development activities.

  6. Trade agreements, domestic environmental regulation, and transboundary pollution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper investigates a second-best trade agreement between two countries that takes the distortion arising from their non-coordinated environmental policies into consideration. In a reciprocal-markets model with bidirectional transboundary pollution, we find that if the transboundary pollution is sufficiently strong, the second-best trade agreement requires that both countries subsidize the imported goods whose consumption gives rise to pollution. We also find that a bilateral tariff reduction is beneficial to the global environment. (author)

  7. Nordic Mutual Emergency Assistance Agreement in Connection with Radiation Accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Nordic Mutual Emergency Assistance Agreement in Connection with Radiation Accidents, which was signed on 17 October 1963 by the Director General and by representatives of the Governments of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The entry into force of the Agreement in accordance with Article IX will be notified to Members in an Addendum to this document

  8. How could the EU benefit from the COP 21 agreement?

    OpenAIRE

    Boisgibault, Louis

    2016-01-01

    International audience The EU, one of the 196 Parties of Paris agreement was at the forefront of efforts towards the climate deal. W ill it be able , 1-to update on time the existing directives EU ETS (1), EPBD (2), RES (3), EED(4); 2-to transpose correctly and on time the COP21 agreement into the 28 Member States' national laws and last but not least , 3-to benefit from COP21 ?

  9. Growth, climate and collaboration: towards agreement in Paris 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Stern, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Headline issue: International agreements are built on shared understanding. So how should a climate change agreement be built at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris in December 2015? The UNFCCC negotiations leading up to Paris have been organised on the basis that each country or region will determine their own contribution to the global climate mitigation effort.This more decentralised approach seems likely to lead ...

  10. Roscas as Financial Agreements to Cope with Social Pressure

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Ambec; Nicolas Treich

    2003-01-01

    In developing countries, traditional social obligations often press rich individuals to share their income. In this paper, we posit a "model of social pressure" in which people can sign binding financial agreements amongst themselves, thereby forming coalitions. These financial agreements may help them to alleviate their social obligations with respect to income sharing. In the above context, we show that there exists a stable structure of coalitions in which people form rotating savings and ...

  11. Trade-Diverting Free Trade Agreements, External Tariffs, and Feasibility

    OpenAIRE

    Baybars Karacaovali

    2013-01-01

    There has been a proliferation of preferential trade agreements within the last two decades. This paper analyzes the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on external tariffs in small economies where protection decisions are made politically. It extends the Grossman and Helpman (1995) model by determining tariff rates endogenously instead of assuming they are fixed during or after the formation of FTAs. We show that when an FTA is established, the tariff rates that apply to non-members esse...

  12. World Energy Data System (WENDS). Volume VI. International agreement profiles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1979-06-01

    The World Energy Data System contains organized data on those countries and international organizations that may have critical impact on world energy. The international agreement profiles in WENDS are all energy-related and are organized by energy technology. These are: coal; conservation; fusion; geothermal; nuclear fission; oil, gas, and shale; solar, wind, and ocean thermal; and other (cooperation in electrical power equipment acquisition, energy, energy research, etc.). The agreement profiles are accessible by energy technology and alphabetically by country.

  13. Risks worth Taking: Safety Agreements among Discordant Gay Couples

    OpenAIRE

    Beougher, Sean C.; Chakravarty, Deepalika; Garcia, Carla C.; Darbes, Lynae A.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Hoff, Colleen C.

    2012-01-01

    As HIV research and prevention efforts increasingly target gay men in relationships, situational factors such as couple serostatus and agreements about sex become central to examinations of risk. Discordant gay couples are of particular interest because the risk of HIV infection is seemingly near-at-hand. Yet little is known about their sexual behaviors, agreements about sex, and safer sex efforts. The present study utilized longitudinal semi-structured, qualitative interviews to explore thes...

  14. E.B.R.O. 499 Union Gas settlement agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This alternative dispute resolution agreement is for the consideration of the Ontario Energy Board in its determination of the 1999 rates for Union Gas Limited, under Docket No. E.B.R.O. 499. The agreement is supported by the evidence filed in E.B.R.O. 499. The topics discussed in this report are administration policy, rate base, operating revenue, cost of service, cost of capital, cost allocations, and rate design

  15. Verb Agreement Features in Standard Arabic (SA): A Minimalist Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Mostapha Thabit Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates the features of the verb agreement in Standard Arabic (SA).The investigation is conducted within the framework of the principles of Chomsky's Minimalism. The main objective of the study is to survey the applicability of the Minimalist principles on the derivation of SV order and VO order in SA. The study shows that the principles of Minimalism cannot account for the feature of agreement asymmetry either in SV order or VS order. The study concludes that principle...

  16. The impact of South-South trade agreements on FDI

    OpenAIRE

    Cherif, Mondher; Dreger, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The integration of emerging markets into the global economy is heavily promoted by foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows. Within the factors driving the location of FDI, regional trade agreements (RTAs) become increasingly relevant for emerging markets. We explore the impact of South-South trade agreements on FDI by dynamic panel models. The MENA countries are compared to the better performing regions in Latin America and Southeast Asia. Several striking results emerge from the analysis. Fi...

  17. Revisiting regional trade agreements and their impact on services trade

    OpenAIRE

    Marconini, Mario

    2009-01-01

    This issue paper, titled 'Revisiting Regional Trade Agreements and Their Impact on Services Trade' written by Mr. Mario Marconini, is a contribution to that process. The paper exhaustively reviews services disciplines included in several Free Trade Agreements (FTA). The aim of the paper is to enable stakeholders to understand how rules and commitments regarding trade in services have been introduced in FTAs, and how those policies might impact sustainable development in developing countries. ...

  18. The Impacts of the Proposed EU-Libya Trade Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    George, Clive; Miles, Oliver; Prud'homme, Dan

    2010-01-01

    The paper provides an overview of the potential social, economic and environmental impacts of an EU-Libya FTA as gauged by the EU-Libya Sustainability Impact Assessment (SIA). The main potential benefits to both the EU and Libya from the proposed trade agreement come from closer cooperation in the energy sector rather than from the economy-wide effects of reducing trade barriers. The agreement may also have significant adverse effects that need to be taken into account.

  19. International environmental agreements in the presence of adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Marrouch, W.; Ray Chaudhuri, A.

    2011-01-01

    We show that adaptive measures undertaken by countries in the face of climate change, apart from directly reducing the damage caused by climate change, may also indirectly mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the stable size of international agreements on emission reductions. Moreover, we show that the more effective the adaptive measure in terms of reducing the marginal damage from emissions, the larger the stable size of the international environmental agreement. In addition, we ...

  20. Geographical Indications, Barriers to Market Access and Preferential Trade Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Crina VIJU; Yeung, May T.; Kerr, William A.

    2012-01-01

    Canada is currently negotiating a Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union; the issue of Geographic Indications (GIs) is on the negotiating agenda and is expected to be one of the most contentious issues in the negotiations. While the exact nature of protection for GIs to be included in the agreement is not yet clear, there is a potential conflict over market access with the U.S. (and presumably the approximately 50 other countries that use trademarks instead ...

  1. CETA - BILATERAL TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE EU AND CANADA

    OpenAIRE

    Ludmila Borta

    2014-01-01

    The international trade for wide world countries in the means more growth, more jobs and access on more products at competitive prices. The European Union is a major economy and an important trading partner for many countries and regions in the world. To stimulate growth and to create jobs in the Union, this economy has concluded multilateral trade agreement (under the World Trade Organisation) and a number of bilateral (preferential) trade agreements. The aim of this paper is to present an e...

  2. The Effects of Free Trade Agreements on Turkish Economy

    OpenAIRE

    ATILGAN, Turan; KANAT, Seher

    2007-01-01

    The rise of globalization trends in economical, social, technological, legal and political areas all over the world brings partnerships and associations of countries in its train. These partnerships and associations can be either regional or dual. Free trade agreement (FTA) is an activity of gradually increasing importance among the countries that participate in partnerships and associations. Moreover free trade agreement is one of the most advanced models of economical partnership between th...

  3. Does the Kyoto Protocol Agreement matters? An environmental efficiency analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Halkos, George; Tzeremes, Nickolaos

    2011-01-01

    This paper uses both conditional and unconditional Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) models in order to determine different environmental efficiency levels for a sample of 110 countries in 2007. In order to capture the effect of countries compliance with the Kyoto Protocol Agreement (KPA), we condition the years since a country has signed the agreement until 2007. Particularly, various DEA models have been applied alongside with bootstrap techniques in order to determine the effect of Kyoto pro...

  4. Cheap talk: transaction costs, quality of institutions, and trade agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Baccini

    2014-01-01

    While there is evidence that politics matter for international cooperation, the impact on economic integration of the quality of institutions has been given short shrift in the previous literature. I argue that the quality of institutions raises the quantity and the quality of information available to potential member states during the bargaining phase of a trade agreement. In turn, this inflow of information reduces the negotiation period of an agreement and, in doing so, dampens the transac...

  5. Production of subject-verb agreement in Slovene and English

    OpenAIRE

    Harrison, Annabel Jane

    2009-01-01

    This thesis explores the mental representation of subject-verb agreement, and the factors that can affect the determination of agreement in language production. It reports nine experiments that used a task in which participants produced sentence completions for visually presented complex subjects such as “The greyhound which two lively rabbits were tempting”. Such completions typically agree with the head noun (greyhound) as in “A greyhound which two lively rabbits were temp...

  6. Analisis Hukum Kedudukan Joint Venture Agreement Dalam Perusahaan Penanaman Modal

    OpenAIRE

    Nasution, Karina Utari

    2012-01-01

    Capital investment in the era of globalization is inseparable from the series of international agreements in which Indonesia is involved. Joint venture agreement in the framework of foreign investment in Indonesia is the first step to establish a joint venture company which is a must for foreign investors planning to invest their capital in Indonesia. A foreign investment company is not only subject to Law No.25/2007 on Capital Investment but also to law No.40/2007 on Limited L...

  7. The 'horizontal direct effect' of EU international agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gáspár-Szilágyi, Szilárd

    2015-01-01

    This article looks at a less discussed topic in European legal scholarship: the horizontal direct effect of EU international agreements and the Court of Justice’s apparent reluctance to expressly confirm it. It is argued that the direct effect of EU international agreements has been confirmed in...... and with equal functions. Whilst, the choice for this reluctance was understandable three decades ago, the time feels right to expressly acknowledge it and keep up with international trends....

  8. Scales of degree of facial paralysis: analysis of agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kércia Melo de Oliveira Fonseca

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: It has become common to use scales to measure the degree of involvement of facial paralysis in phonoaudiological clinics. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the inter- and intra-rater agreement of the scales of degree of facial paralysis and to elicit point of view of the appraisers regarding their use. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational clinical study of the Chevalier and House & Brackmann scales performed by five speech therapists with clinical experience, who analyzed the facial expression of 30 adult subjects with impaired facial movements two times, with a one week interval between evaluations. The kappa analysis was employed. RESULTS: There was excellent inter-rater agreement for both scales (kappa > 0.80, and on the Chevalier scale a substantial intra-rater agreement in the first assessment (kappa = 0.792 and an excellent agreement in the second assessment (kappa = 0.928. The House & Brackmann scale showed excellent agreement at both assessments (kappa = 0.850 and 0.857. As for the appraisers' point of view, one appraiser thought prior training is necessary for the Chevalier scale and, four appraisers felt that training is important for the House & Brackmann scale. CONCLUSION: Both scales have good inter- and intra-rater agreement and most of the appraisers agree on the ease and relevance of the application of these scales.

  9. 76 FR 71617 - Request for Comments Concerning Compliance With Telecommunications Trade Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-18

    ... TRADE REPRESENTATIVE Request for Comments Concerning Compliance With Telecommunications Trade Agreements... compliance with the following agreements regarding telecommunications products and services of the United... Agreement (``CAFTA-DR''), and any other telecommunications trade agreements, such as Mutual...

  10. The IEA/bioenergy implementing agreement and other activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costello, R. [U.S. Department of Energy, Washington D.C. (United States). Biofuels Systems Div.

    1996-12-31

    Implementing Agreements (IAs) are used widely in international collaborative work within the International Energy Agency (IEA). These agreements are meant to be very flexible depending on the nature of the work and the interests of the participating countries. Many IAs are directed at the development of specific technologies, while a number of IAs are primarily used to facilitate information collection and dissemination. There are also a number of agreements that do not deal directly with technology development, but deal with environmental, economic and safety aspects of the technologies under development. The IEA Bioenergy Agreement is a prime example of how Implementing Agreements can be utilised to establish and expand cooperative research for the effective leveraging of technical knowledge and financial resources in finding solutions to the future needs of a growing energy dependent world. As will be illustrated, these activities are important to the commercialisation and deployment of bioenergy technologies, which increasingly are being visualized as one of the few options that can maintain and promote economic and environmental stability

  11. Verbal and nominal agreement: An fMRI study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreiras, Manuel; Quiñones, Ileana; Mancini, Simona; Hernández-Cabrera, Juan Andrés; Barber, Horacio

    2015-10-15

    Agreement computation is one of the pillars of language comprehension. In this fMRI study, we investigated the neuro-cognitive processes of agreement associated with number feature covariance in subject-verb agreement and determiner-noun concord in Spanish by creating mismatches (ella/*ellas corre, she/*they dances vs. el/*los anillo, thesg/*thepl ring). The results evidenced the engagement of a common bilateral fronto-parietal monitoring system, not language specific, and a left fronto-temporal system that seems to be specifically related to different aspects of phrase and sentence processing. In particular, the major difference was found in the anterior portion of the left MTG-STG, which we relate to fine-grained syntactic-combinatorial building mechanisms apparently controlled by the pars opercularis within the LIFG. These results suggest that general conflict-monitoring processes operate in parallel with language-specific mechanisms that are sensitive to the specificity of agreement type for the detection of feature covariance among sentence constituents. Specifically, the coupling between these frontal and temporal regions seems to be flexible enough to show sensitivity to the fine-grained combinatorial mechanisms that underlie nominal and subject-verb agreement. PMID:26151102

  12. Parent-teacher agreement on children's problems in 21 societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rescorla, Leslie A; Bochicchio, Lauren; Achenbach, Thomas M;

    2014-01-01

    informant differences varied in magnitude across the societies studied. Cross-informant correlations for problem scale scores varied moderately across societies studied and were significantly higher for Externalizing than Internalizing problems. Parents and teachers tended to rate the same items as low......Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem......? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different problem scales or across societies? (c) How well do parents and teachers in different societies agree on problem item ratings? (d) How much do parent-teacher dyads in different societies vary in within-dyad agreement on problem items? (e) How...

  13. Farmout agreement: a story short but not always sweet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemingway, R.W.

    The informality of the farmout agreement in oil and gas leases masks traps for the unwary, especially because of recent attitudes and rulings of the Internal Revenue Service. Usually in letter form, the farmout agreement may not carry an acknowledgement that would ensure recordation. The substantive provisions of the farmout agreement cover several areas: the description of the activities and performance required of the farmee, the rights that may be earned by the farmee and retained by the farmor, and the assignment of these rights to the farmee. The author defines pertinent terms, such as those relating to performance, and legal aspects of these provisions. A checklist to help in the preparation of farmouts accompanies the article.

  14. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement: Trading away our health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruckert, Arne; Schram, Ashley; Labonté, Ronald

    2015-01-01

    There is long-standing interest by the public health community in the potential implications of trade and investment agreements for public health. Our commentary highlights the main pathways by which the Trans-Pacific Partnerships (TPP), a comprehensive trade and investment agreement currently under negotiation, might undermine population health (based on analysis of and commentary about leaked chapters of the TPP), and calls for a more transparent and health-sensitive TPP negotiation process. We argue that use of comprehensive health impact assessments could be helpful in identifying how the potentially serious health consequences of the TPP and similar future international trade and investment agreements can be avoided, minimized or mitigated. PMID:26285198

  15. Analysis of Information Leakage in Quantum Key Agreement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Sheng-li; ZHENG Dong; CHENG Ke-fei

    2006-01-01

    Quantum key agreement is one of the approaches to unconditional security. Since 1980's, different protocols for quantum key agreement have been proposed and analyzed. A new quantum key agreement protocol was presented in 2004, and a detailed analysis to the protocol was given. The possible game played between legitimate users and the enemy was described:sitting in the middle, an adversary can play a "man-in-the-middle" attack to cheat the sender and receiver. The information leaked to the adversary is essential to the length of the final quantum secret key. It was shown how to determine the amount of information leaked to the enemy and the amount of uncertainty between the legitimate sender and receiver.

  16. Protocol to co-operation agreement with Iran

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    A Co-operation Agreement between CERN and Iran will be signed in the coming weeks within the framework of the decisions taken by the Committee of Council and Council in June 1989. In view of implementing this Agreement, a Protocol between CERN and the International Scientific Meetings Office of the Ministry of Science of the Islamic Republic of Iran has been drawn up. It concerns the participation of scientific Institutions of Iran in the CMS Collaboration where CERN is acting on behalf of this Collaboration. This Protocol incorporates the agreement between CMS and ISMO on the Iranese contribution. It does not involve any financial commitment for CERN. The Protocol mainly addresses the status of the Iranese scientists at CERN, the supply by ISMO of the support tables for CMS, as well as the usual provisions concerning delivery and customs, guarantees, responsibilities, intellectual property and disputes. This Protocol is submitted to the Finance Committee for information.

  17. Care management: agreement between nursing prescriptions and patients' care needs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faeda, Marília Silveira; Perroca, Márcia Galan

    2016-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objectives: analyze agreement between nursing prescriptions recorded in medical files and patients' care needs; investigate the correlation between the nurses' professional background and agreement of prescriptions. Method: descriptive study with quantitative and documentary approach conducted in the medical clinic, surgical, and specialized units of a university hospital in the interior of São Paulo, Brazil. The new validated version of a Patient Classification Instrument was used and 380 nursing prescriptions written at the times of hospital admission and discharge were assessed. Results: 75% of the nursing prescriptions items were compatible with the patients' care needs. Only low correlation between nursing prescription agreement and professional background was found. Conclusion: the nursing prescriptions did not fully meet the care needs of patients. The care context and work process should be analyzed to enable more effective prescriptions, while strategies to assess the care needs of patients are recommended. PMID:27508902

  18. The implications of being novated into joint operating agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The common law of 'novation' was examined. Novation involves the making of a new contract in substitution of the original contract, thereby creating contractual privity between the assignee and the creditor. It is not a transfer of a liability from the original debtor (assignor) to the assignee, but rather it is a new contract in place or substitution of the old contract, thereby extinguishing the original debtor's obligation to the creditor and creating a new obligation between the assignee and the creditor. The concept of novation is reviewed as it relates to the oil and gas industry before and after the introduction of the Industry Agreement Assignment Procedure. The implications of being novated into joint operating agreements are explained and the restraints on alienation and the exemptions in common oil and gas agreements are reviewed. Compliance issues, and certain practical considerations of novation are also examined

  19. Revocable Attribute-based Key Agreement Protocol without Random Oracles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Wang

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a two-party attribute-based key agreement protocol, which is secure in the standard model (without random oracles, under the truncated decision q-ABDHE assumption. Then we give a modified version of this scheme, in which the users can be revoked efficiently. The attribute-based key agreement protocol is based on the attribute-based encryption scheme, which is a generalization of identity-based cryptosystems, incorporates attributes as inputs to its cryptographic primitives. These kinds of schemes not only preserve the advantages of traditional identity-based key agreement protocol, but also provide some new properties, such as hiding the identity information of the individual, increasing the flexibility of key management, and providing efficient means to revoke users from the system.

  20. Semantic factors in the production of number agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, J; Nicol, J; Garrett, M

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the role of semantic factors in the production of subject-verb number agreement. As an ostensibly grammatical process, number agreement provides an interesting case for examining the flow and interaction of semantic and syntactic information through the language-production system. Using a sentence-completion task, agreement errors can be elicited from subjects by presenting them with sentence fragments containing a complex noun-phrase, in which the nonhead noun is plural (e.g., The key to the cabinets ... WERE missing.). Previous research has demonstrated that the probability of making an error can be affected by varying the properties of the nouns in the complex noun phrase. By investigating which variables do and do not affect error rates, constraints on the flow of information through the production system can be inferred. In three experiments, we investigated the possible effects of three different semantic manipulations of the nouns in the complex NP: animacy, semantic overlap, and plausibility of modification by the sentence predicate. We found that both animacy and semantic relatedness had reliable effects on error rates, indicating that the mechanism involved in implementing agreement cannot be blind to semantic information. However, the plausibility with which each noun could serve as the subject of the sentence predicate had no effect on error rates. Taken together, these results suggest that while semantic information is visible to the agreement mechanism, there are still constraints on when this information can affect the process. Specifically, it may be the case that only information contained within the complex NP is considered for the purposes of implementing agreement. PMID:11291185

  1. STABILITY OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AGREEMENTS IN LEADERSHIP MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jin ZHANG; Shouyang WANG; Lei ZU

    2008-01-01

    International Environmental Agreements (IEAs) are a form of cooperation ratified by countries which can improve the management of shared environmental resources. The authors analyze the stability of International Environmental Agreements in leadership model. In 2006, Diamantoudi & Sartzetakis found that a stable coalition consists of either 2, 3, or 4 members if the number of countries is greater than 4. Their model is reconsidered. It is shown that the size of stable IEAs decreases from 3 to 2 when the total number of countries involved increases. However, a situation that can guarantee 4 to be the size of stable IEAs could not be found.

  2. Agreement signed by the DG with the ITU

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    Dr Hamadoun Touré, ITU Secretary-General, and Professor Rolf-Dieter Heuer, CERN Director General, sign a Memorandum of Understanding at the ITU Headquarters.(Photo ITU) On 10 May CERN and the International telecommunication union (ITU) signed a framework agreement that is intended to strengthen the collaboration between the two organizations on scientific and technological issues. The agreement will facilitate the setting-up and implementation of joint initiatives of mutual interest, which in the near future are expected to concern the following fields: citizen cyberscience; extension of broadband communication systems to developing countries; training in digital libraries in these countries, as well as cybersecurity.

  3. Characteristics and allowed behaviors of gay male couples’ sexual agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Jason W.

    2013-01-01

    Research has shown that gay male couples’ sexual agreements may affect their risk for HIV. Few U.S. studies have collected dyadic data nationally from gay male couples to assess what sexual behaviors they allow to occur by agreement type and the sequence of when certain behaviors occur within their relationships. In our cross-sectional study, dyadic data from a convenience sample of 361 male couples were collected electronically throughout the U.S. by using paid Facebook ads. Findings from ou...

  4. What principles should govern the use of managed entry agreements?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klemp, Marianne; Frønsdal, Katrine; Facey, Karen;

    2011-01-01

    resulted in this study. RESULTS: MEAs are used to give access to new technologies where traditional reimbursement is deemed inappropriate. Three different forms of MEAs have been identified: management of budget impact, management of uncertainty relating to clinical and/or cost-effectiveness, and...... management of utilization to optimize performance. The rationale for using these approaches and their advantages and disadvantages differ. However, all forms of MEA should take the form of a formal written agreement among stakeholders, clearly identifying the rationale for the agreement, aspects to be...

  5. Uranium (Yeelirrie) Agreement Act, 1978 - No 110 of 1978

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Act ratifies an Agreement between the State of Western Australia and Western Mining Corporation Ltd. with respect to the mining and treatment of certain uranium ore reserves. It lays down detailed provisions concerning the obligations of the State and of the Corporation and provides, in particular, for the construction and operation by the Corporation of a metallurgical research plant following prior approval by the State, as well as for a uranium ore mining and treatment project to be proposed to the State within 4 years of the date of the Agreement. (NEA)

  6. Fault-tolerant Agreement in Synchronous Message-passing Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Raynal, Michel

    2010-01-01

    The present book focuses on the way to cope with the uncertainty created by process failures (crash, omission failures and Byzantine behavior) in synchronous message-passing systems (i.e., systems whose progress is governed by the passage of time). To that end, the book considers fundamental problems that distributed synchronous processes have to solve. These fundamental problems concern agreement among processes (if processes are unable to agree in one way or another in presence of failures, no non-trivial problem can be solved). They are consensus, interactive consistency, k-set agreement an

  7. CNOOC WON TRI-NATION OFFSHORE EXPLORATION AGREEMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)announced that one of its subsidiaries, CNOOC Oilfield Services Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as COS) began to conduct the Tripartite Agreement for Joint Marine Seismic Undertaking in the Agreement Area signed among CNOOC, Vietnam Oil & Gas Corporation (PetroVietam)and the Philippine National Oil Company (PNOC) on August 26th to do seismic survey in the South China Sea.This marks a new progress in the joint development and cooperation among China, Philippines and Vietnam in the disputed South China Sea area.

  8. Strengthening Accountability under the 2015 Climate Change Agreement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.S.E.; Asselt, van Harro

    2015-01-01

    Beyond the emissions pledges made by different countries, a cornerstone for ensuring the effectiveness of the 2015 international climate change agreement will be the mechanisms in place to hold states to account for how they live up to their commitments. While legal form has been viewed as an import

  9. The New WTO Telecom Agreement: Opportunities and Challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisson, Peter

    1997-01-01

    The telecommunication agreement reached by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1997 will accelerate the global trend toward increased market access, competition, and deregulation. Examines opportunities for marketing and operations, dispute resolution and enforcement, profitability, and the exclusion of Russia and China. Includes the WTO…

  10. Chaotic map based key agreement with/out clock synchronization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In order to address Bergamo et al.'s attack, Xiao et al. proposed a key agreement protocol using chaotic maps. Han then presented three attacks on Xiao et al.'s protocol. To enhance the security of key agreement based on chaotic maps, Chang et al. proposed a new key agreement using passphrase, which works in clock synchronization environment. However, their protocol still has some issues: one is its passphrase is not easy to remember and much longer than password; the second one is it cannot resist guessing attack if the constructed passphrase is easy to remember and also has already existed in some rational dictionaries; the third one is it cannot work without clock synchronization. In this paper, we will present two different key agreement protocols, which can resist guessing attack. The first one works in clock synchronization environment. The second one can work without clock synchronization. They both use authenticated password for secure communications. The protocols are secure against replaying attacks and a shared session key can be established.

  11. Enemies in Agreement: Domestic Politics, Uncertainty, and Cooperation between Adversaries

    OpenAIRE

    Vaynman, Jane Eugenia

    2014-01-01

    Adversarial agreements, such as the nuclear weapons treaties, disarmament zones, or conventional weapons limitations, vary considerably in the information sharing provisions they include. This dissertation investigates why adversarial states sometimes choose to cooperate by creating restraining institutions, and how their choices for the form of that cooperation are constrained and motivated. I argue that uncertainties arising out of domestic political volatility, which includes leadershi...

  12. Federal Facility Agreement Annual Progress Report for Fiscal Year 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This FFA Annual Progress Report has been developed to summarize the information for activities performed during the Fiscal Year 1998 (October 1, 1997, to September 30, 1998) and activities planned for Fiscal Year 1999 by U.S. EPA, SCDHEC, and SRS at those units and areas identified for remediation in the Agreement

  13. The Texts of the Agency's Agreements with the United Nations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Special Agreement extending the jurisdiction of the Administrative Tribunal of the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency regarding the applications of officials of this organization alleging non-observance of the Regulations of the Pension Fund UN staff, comes into force October 18, 1963, is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency

  14. 5 CFR 179.306 - Written agreement for repayment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Written agreement for repayment. 179.306 Section 179.306 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS.... Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, any reduction or compromise of a claim will be governed by 4...

  15. Interobserver agreement on MRI evaluation of patients with cervical radiculopathy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the interobserver agreement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation of herniated discs, spondylotic neuroforaminal stenosis, and root compression in patients with recent onset cervical radiculopathy and in addition, to assess the added value of disclosure of clinical information to interobserver agreement. Materials and methods: The MRI images of 82 patients with less than 1 month of symptoms and signs of cervical radiculopathy were evaluated independently by two neuroradiologists who were unaware of clinical findings. MRI analysis was repeated after disclosure of clinical information. Interobserver agreement was calculated using kappa statistics. Results: The kappa score for evaluation of herniated discs and of spondylotic foramen stenosis was 0.59 and 0.63, respectively. A kappa score of 0.67 was found for the presence of root compression. After disclosure of clinical information kappa scores increased slightly: from 0.59 to 0.62 for the detection of herniated discs, from 0.63 to 0.66 for spondylotic foramen stenosis, and from 0.67 to 0.76 for root compression. Conclusion: Interobserver reliability of MRI evaluation in patients with cervical radiculopathy was substantial for root compression, with or without clinical information. Agreement on the cause of the compression, i.e., herniated disc or spondylotic foraminal stenosis, was lower.

  16. The Munich Agreement of 1938 and its consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Rybcova

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research in this article is the Munich Agreement of 30 September 1938, as well as other directly related documents that characterize the international relations of the pre-war period, in order to clarify the role of this event in the history of Europe and the world. The Munich Agreement is considered a classic example of the manifestation of appeasement policy, which in the late 30-ies of XX century led to an increase in the aggressiveness of Germany and was one of the prerequisites for the start of the Second World War. Precedent has given the leadership of Germany (and personally to Hitler serious reason to hope that England and France in the future will not respond to the aggressive actions of Germany. This agreement, concluded without the participation of the Czechoslovak leadership, actually led to its section between Germany, Hungary and Poland. Munich Agreement explicitly infringed the interests of the state, did not participate in the negotiations. According to some military historians, the Czechoslovak army would be the one to resist the Wehrmacht could with his arms at that time.

  17. 78 FR 7523 - Small Generator Interconnection Agreements and Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ..., Order No. 764, 77 FR 41482 (July 13, 2012) FERC Stats. & Regs. ] 31,331 (2012). 3. Specifically, the... determine if a Small Generating Facility may be interconnected safely and reliably; and (4) revise the pro... interconnected safely and reliably; and (4) revise the pro forma SGIP Facilities Study Agreement to allow...

  18. 40 CFR 35.6205 - Removal Cooperative Agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Removal Cooperative Agreements. 35.6205 Section 35.6205 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL... political subdivision at the time of disposal of hazardous substances and a CERCLA-funded remedial action...

  19. Reviewer agreement in scoring 419 abstracts for scientific orthopedics meetings.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poolman, R.W.; Keijser, L.C.M.; Waal Malefijt, M.C. de; Blankevoort, L.; Farrokhyar, F.; Bhandari, M.

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The selection of presentations at orthopedic meetings is an important process. If the peer reviewers do not consistently agree on the quality score, the review process is arbitrary and open to bias. The aim of this study was: (1) to describe the inter-reviewer agreement of a previously d

  20. 12 CFR 210.29 - Agreement of receiving bank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agreement of receiving bank. 210.29 Section 210.29 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COLLECTION OF CHECKS AND OTHER ITEMS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND FUNDS TRANSFERS THROUGH FEDWIRE...

  1. Anticollusion Attack Noninteractive Security Hierarchical Key Agreement Scheme in WHMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kefei Mao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless Health Monitoring Systems (WHMS have potential to change the way of health care and bring numbers of benefits to patients, physicians, hospitals, and society. However, there are crucial barriers not only to transmit the biometric information but also to protect the privacy and security of the patients’ information. The key agreement between two entities is an essential cryptography operation to clear the barriers. In particular, the noninteractive hierarchical key agreement scheme becomes an attractive direction in WHMS because each sensor node or gateway has limited resources and power. Recently, a noninteractive hierarchical key agreement scheme has been proposed by Kim for WHMS. However, we show that Kim’s cryptographic scheme is vulnerable to the collusion attack if the physicians can be corrupted. Obviously, it is a more practical security condition. Therefore, we proposed an improved key agreement scheme against the attack. Security proof, security analysis, and experimental results demonstrate that our proposed scheme gains enhanced security and more efficiency than Kim’s previous scheme while inheriting its qualities of one-round communication and security properties.

  2. 42 CFR 489.12 - Decision to deny an agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Decision to deny an agreement. 489.12 Section 489.12 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES... hospital as defined in § 489.3 and does not have procedures in place for making physician...

  3. Output agreement in networks with unmatched disturbances and algebraic constraints

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Monshizadeh Naini, Nima; Persis, Claudio De

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers a problem of output agreement in heterogeneous networks with dynamics on the nodes as well as on the edges. The control and disturbance signals entering the nodal dynamics are "unmatched" meaning that some nodes are only subject to disturbances, and are deprived of actuating sig

  4. German-English-Speaking Children's Mixed NPs with "Correct" Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorschick, Liane; Quick, Antje Endesfelder; Glasser, Dana; Lieven, Elena; Tomasello, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Previous research has reported that bilingual children sometimes produce mixed noun phrases with "correct" gender agreement--as in "der dog" ("der" being a masculine determiner in German and the German word for "dog", "hund", being masculine as well). However, these could obviously be due to chance or to the indiscriminate use of a default…

  5. The 'primacy' and 'direct effect' of EU international agreements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gáspár-Szilágyi, Szilárd

    2015-01-01

    The rules on invoking EU norms before the Court of Justice and Member State courts are at the core of EU constitutional law. International agreements binding on the EU form an integral part of EU law and have primacy over inconsistent secondary EU legislation. Moreover, they also have primacy over...

  6. International standards, Agreements and Policy of food Irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There are few internationally recognised standards and agreements related to irradiated foods. Codex Alimentarius has its General standard for Irradiated foods. This sets standards for the production of irradiated foods that are safe and nutritionally adequate. Guidelines for the proper processing of foods by irradiation are covered in the Codex Recommended International Code of Practice for the Operation of Radiation Facilities Used for the Treatment of Food. For irradiation as a quarantine treatment for fruit, vegetables and other plants, the relevant international organization is the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), IPPC has no standards or guidelines for irradiation treatments. However, regional organizations within IPPC are moving towards recognition of irradiation as a technically viable and effective method of insect disinfestation. Especially notable are actions within the North American Plant Protection Organisation (NAPPO). NAPPO has endorsed a standard on the use of irradiation as a quarantine treatment. Other speakers have provided considerable detail on the Codex standard and on the situation with regard to quarantine issues. In this talk I will concentrate on irradiated foods as commodities that will be traded internationally in increasing amounts as we approach the next century. International trade is governed by bilateral arrangements. However, these arrangements should be consistent with the overarching multilateral agreements of the World trade Organization (WTO). The WTO Agreements do not refer directly to irradiation or irradiated foods. However, in this talk I will try to interpret the implications of the Agreements for trade in irradiated food. (Author)

  7. 45 CFR 1640.4 - Violation of agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Violation of agreement. 1640.4 Section 1640.4 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION APPLICATION... Corporation without need for a termination hearing. During the pendency of any appeal of a conviction...

  8. Interobserver agreement on MRI evaluation of patients with cervical radiculopathy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuijper, B., E-mail: kuijperb@maasstadziekenhuis.n [Department of Neurology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands); Department of Neurology, Maasstad Hospital, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Beelen, A. [Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kallen, B.F. van der [Department of Neurology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands); Department of Radiology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands); Nollet, F. [Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Lycklama a Nijeholt, G.J. [Department of Neurology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands); Department of Radiology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands); Visser, M. de [Department of Neurology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Tans, J. Th.J. [Department of Neurology, Medical Centre Haaglanden, The Hague (Netherlands)

    2011-01-15

    Aim: To evaluate the interobserver agreement on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluation of herniated discs, spondylotic neuroforaminal stenosis, and root compression in patients with recent onset cervical radiculopathy and in addition, to assess the added value of disclosure of clinical information to interobserver agreement. Materials and methods: The MRI images of 82 patients with less than 1 month of symptoms and signs of cervical radiculopathy were evaluated independently by two neuroradiologists who were unaware of clinical findings. MRI analysis was repeated after disclosure of clinical information. Interobserver agreement was calculated using kappa statistics. Results: The kappa score for evaluation of herniated discs and of spondylotic foramen stenosis was 0.59 and 0.63, respectively. A kappa score of 0.67 was found for the presence of root compression. After disclosure of clinical information kappa scores increased slightly: from 0.59 to 0.62 for the detection of herniated discs, from 0.63 to 0.66 for spondylotic foramen stenosis, and from 0.67 to 0.76 for root compression. Conclusion: Interobserver reliability of MRI evaluation in patients with cervical radiculopathy was substantial for root compression, with or without clinical information. Agreement on the cause of the compression, i.e., herniated disc or spondylotic foraminal stenosis, was lower.

  9. 24 CFR 901.135 - Memorandum of Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT PROGRAM § 901.135 Memorandum of Agreement. (a) After..., the training of PHA employees in specific management areas or assistance in the resolution of.../Area Office. (c) The Department encourages the inclusion of the resident leadership in MOA...

  10. 7 CFR 227.4 - Application and agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS NUTRITION EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAM General § 227.4 Application and... Program shall enter into a written agreement with the Department for the administration of the Program...

  11. 77 FR 15943 - United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-19

    ... (77 FR 14265) modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (``HTSUS'') as set forth in... the provisions of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), because... 178 RIN 1515-AD86 United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border...

  12. 76 FR 68067 - United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-03

    ..., which was published in the Federal Register on January 22, 2009 (74 FR 4105), modified the Harmonized... Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), because it pertains to a foreign... 178 RIN 1515-AD79 United States-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement AGENCIES: U.S. Customs and...

  13. 77 FR 59064 - United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ..., (77 FR 29519), modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (``HTSUS'') as set forth..., 1993 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), because it pertains to a foreign affairs function of the United... 178 RIN 1515-AD88 United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement AGENCY: U.S. Customs and...

  14. 78 FR 63052 - United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... FR 66507), modified the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (``HTSUS'') as set forth in... a regulation or rule subject to the provisions of Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993 (58 FR... 178 RIN 1515-AD93 United States-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement AGENCY: U.S. Customs and...

  15. 25 CFR 225.22 - Approval of minerals agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Approval of minerals agreements. 225.22 Section 225.22 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ENERGY AND MINERALS OIL AND GAS, GEOTHERMAL... required, with section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C))...

  16. 5 CFR 575.111 - Termination of a service agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... performance appraisal or evaluation under a system not covered by 5 U.S.C. chapter 43 or 5 CFR part 430) of... official may unilaterally terminate a recruitment incentive service agreement based solely on the.... 5514 and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, or through the appropriate provisions governing Federal...

  17. 5 CFR 575.211 - Termination of a service agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... performance appraisal or evaluation under a system not covered by 5 U.S.C. chapter 43 or 5 CFR part 430) of... official may unilaterally terminate a relocation incentive service agreement based solely on the management... employee under 5 U.S.C. 5514 and 5 CFR part 550, subpart K, or through the appropriate provisions...

  18. 43 CFR 16.2 - Applications for helium disposition agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Applications for helium disposition... HELIUM § 16.2 Applications for helium disposition agreements. The application for a helium disposition... Secretary to determine that the proposal will conserve helium that will otherwise be wasted, drained,...

  19. Affiliate Agreements in Community Mental Health: Shotgun Weddings?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Thomas J.; Meyer, James, Jr.

    1980-01-01

    The development of affiliate agreements requires an organized and planned approach with specific goals and strategies, taking into account the complex dynamics that operate in inter-organizational relationships. Successful negotiation leads to decisions in the best interest of each partner, not just preservation of the relationship. (JAC)

  20. Poor agreement between operators on grading of the placenta.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moran, M

    2011-01-01

    Abnormal placental grading is associated with poor pregnancy outcome. The aim of this study was to measure intra- and interobserver variability in placental grading. Five expert sonographers independently graded 90 images on two occasions, each viewing separated by 1 week. A number of measures were employed to standardise assessment and minimise potential for variation: prior agreement was established between observers on the classifications for placental grading; a controlled viewing laboratory was used for all viewings; ambient lighting was optimal and monitors were calibrated to the GSDF standard. Kappa (κ) analysis was used to measure observer agreement. Substantial variations between individuals\\' scores were observed. A mean κ-value of 0.34 (range from 0.19 to 0.50) indicated fair interobserver agreement over the two occasions and only nine of the 90 images were graded the same by all five observers. Intraobserver agreement had a moderate mean κ-value of 0.52, with individual comparisons ranging from 0.45 to 0.66. This study demonstrates that, despite standardised viewing conditions, Grannum grading of the placenta is not a reliable technique even among expert observers. The need for new methods to assess placental health is required and work is ongoing to develop 2D and 3D software-based methods.

  1. China and CERN renew their Co-operation Agreement

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Dr. Liu Yanhua, Chinese Vice Minister of Science and Technology, and Dr. Robert Aymar, Director-General of CERN, sign a new Co-operation Agreement between the Government of the People's Republic of China and CERN. During his visit to CERN on 17 February, Liu Yanhua, Vice Minister of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, signed a new Co-operation Agreement with the Laboratory. The Agreement, which is valid for a period of five years and renewable, lays down the framework for the development of scientific and technological co-operation between CERN and China. This includes China's participation, as a non-Member State, in CERN's research projects as well as its main programmes. Robert Aymar and Liu Yanhua underlined that this Agreement will provide an excellent framework for close co-operation on the LHC Programme and Grid and accelerator technologies. Scientific co-operation between China and CERN is nothing new, as Chinese physicists already took part in the LEP experiments. Today, CERN's C...

  2. Federal Facility Agreement Annual Progress Report for FY 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer, E.

    1999-08-04

    This FFA Annual Progress Report has been developed to summarize the information for activities performed during the Fiscal Year 1998 (October 1, 1997, to September 30, 1998) and activities planned for Fiscal Year 1999 by U.S. EPA, SCDHEC, and SRS at those units and areas identified for remediation in the Agreement.

  3. 7 CFR 1488.6 - Amendments to financing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendments to financing agreement. 1488.6 Section... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS FINANCING OF SALES OF AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES Financing of Export Sales of Agricultural Commodities From Private Stocks Under...

  4. Measuring the Joint Agreement between Multiple Raters and a Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Kenneth J.; Mielke, Paul W., Jr.

    1997-01-01

    A FORTRAN subroutine is presented to calculate a generalized measure of agreement between multiple raters and a set of correct responses at any level of measurement and among multiple responses, along with the associated probability value, under the null hypothesis. (Author)

  5. EU-India free trade agreement : a quantitative assessment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Achterbosch, T.J.; Kuiper, M.H.; Roza, P.

    2008-01-01

    This report analyses the effects of a regional trade agreement (FTA) between the EU and India, for which negotiations are underway. The study starts with abrief overview of the key insights from the existing literature on FTAs and their relationship with multilateral negotiations. The remainder of t

  6. The North American Free Trade Agreement. Headline Series No. 299.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grayson, George W.

    This document discusses the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) as a debate over the wisdom of opening the southern United States border to the free flow of goods and services between the United States and Mexico. The book is divided into six chapters. The first is a basic introduction to the development of the idea of a free trade…

  7. Privacy Management Contracts And Economics, Using Service Level Agreements (Sla)

    OpenAIRE

    Pau, Louis-François

    2005-01-01

    textabstractRecognizing the importance of privacy management as a business process and a business support process, this paper proposes the use of service level agreements around privacy features, including qualitative and quantitative ones. It also casts privacy management into a business perspective with benefits and costs to either party in a process.

  8. Chest Radiographs for Pediatric TB Diagnosis: Interrater Agreement and Utility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Kaguthi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The chest radiograph (CXR is considered a key diagnostic tool for pediatric tuberculosis (TB in clinical management and endpoint determination in TB vaccine trials. We set out to compare interrater agreement for TB diagnosis in western Kenya. A pediatric pulmonologist and radiologist (experts, a medical officer (M.O, and four clinical officers (C.Os with basic training in pediatric CXR reading blindly assessed CXRs of infants who were TB suspects in a cohort study. C.Os had access to clinical findings for patient management. Weighted kappa scores summarized interrater agreement on lymphadenopathy and abnormalities consistent with TB. Sensitivity and specificity of raters were determined using microbiologically confirmed TB as the gold standard (n=8. A total of 691 radiographs were reviewed. Agreement on abnormalities consistent with TB was poor; k=0.14 (95% CI: 0.10–0.18 and on lymphadenopathy moderate k=0.26 (95% CI: 0.18–0.36. M.O [75% (95% CI: 34.9%–96.8%] and C.Os [63% (95% CI: 24.5%–91.5%] had high sensitivity for culture confirmed TB. TB vaccine trials utilizing expert agreement on CXR as a nonmicrobiologically confirmed endpoint will have reduced specificity and will underestimate vaccine efficacy. C.Os detected many of the bacteriologically confirmed cases; however, this must be interpreted cautiously as they were unblinded to clinical features.

  9. 7 CFR 958.91 - Order with marketing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order with marketing agreement. 958.91 Section 958.91 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing... and Vegetable Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, United States Department of Agriculture,...

  10. The Impact of trade shocks on collective wage bargaining agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Carluccio, Juan; Fougere, Denis; Gautier, Erwan

    2016-01-01

    We study the impact of international trade on firm-level wage bargaining using a unique administrative firm-level dataset for French manufacturing. Exports have a positive effect on the probability of signing firm-level wage agreements, while offshoring has no significant effect. Results are consistent with the predictions of rent-sharing models of the export wage-premium.

  11. 30 CFR 944.30 - State-Federal Cooperative Agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., the grant agreement, and 30 CFR 735.16. Such funds will cover the full cost incurred by DOGM in... 30 CFR 740.4(c)(5), and on a timely basis, file with OSMRE a legible copy of the completed State...., and implementing regulations, including 50 CFR part 402. 5. The National Historic Preservation Act...

  12. Gender Attribution and Gender Agreement in French Williams Syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boloh, Yves; Ibernon, Laure; Royer, Stephanie; Escudier, Frederique; Danillon, Aurelia

    2009-01-01

    Previous studies on grammatical gender in French individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) have led to conflicting findings and interpretations regarding keys abilities--gender attribution and gender agreement. New production data from a larger SW sample (N = 24) showed that gender attribution scores in SW participants exactly mirrored those of…

  13. Signature of Spanish Traineeship Collaboration Agreement between CERN and CIEMAT

    CERN Multimedia

    Redondo Esteban, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    Signature of the collaboration agreement for the training of young Spanish engineers and applied physicists in key CERN technologies. CIEMAT represented by D. Cayetano Lopez Martinez, Director-General. CERN represented by Dr. Jose Miguel Jimenez, Head of Technology Department. In presence of Ms Maria Luisa Poncela Garcia, Secretary-General for Science, Technology and Innovation. Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

  14. 48 CFR 15.407-3 - Forward pricing rate agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Forward pricing rate... CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Contract Pricing 15.407-3 Forward pricing... describe any forward pricing rate agreements (FPRAs) in each specific pricing proposal to which the...

  15. 36 CFR Appendix A to Part 1275 - Settlement Agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... no longer apply. This change is reflected in 36 CFR 1275.64. Settlement Agreement This Settlement... 14 below, plaintiff Kutler will withdraw his request under the Freedom of Information Act, 5 U.S.C... House staff members dictating memoranda, correspondence and speech drafts, that are included in...

  16. Informant Agreement in Treatment Gains for Child Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benjamin, Courtney L.; Puleo, Connor M.; Kendall, Philip C.

    2011-01-01

    The present study examined multiple informant agreement in reports of treatment gains in a sample of children (M age = 10.27) treated for social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder. Mothers and fathers agreed on their child's improvement, and parents and children also generally agreed on the child's improvement.…

  17. How are personality trait and profile agreement related?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Allik, J.; Borkenau, P.; Hřebíčková, Martina; Kuppens, P.; Realo, A.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 6 (2015), s. 785. ISSN 1664-1078 Institutional support: RVO:68081740 Keywords : self-other agreement * trait-centered approach * varable-cenetered approach Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 2.560, year: 2014 http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00785/abstract

  18. The Scope of Gene Patent Protection and the TRIPS Agreement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Tine

    2007-01-01

    The Scope of Gene Patent Protection and the TRIPS Agreement - An Exclusively Nondiscriminatory Approach?   Gene patenting in Europe has provoked much debate both before and since the adoption of Directive 98/44/EC on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions. Some of the major points of...

  19. 47 CFR 27.1310 - Network sharing agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Network sharing agreement. 27.1310 Section 27... MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES 700 MHz Public/Private Partnership § 27.1310 Network sharing..., and related entities as the Commission may require or allow will be governed by the Network...

  20. 24 CFR 982.317 - Lease-purchase agreements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Lease-purchase agreements. 982.317... DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Leasing a Unit § 982.317 Lease... homeownership premium (e.g., increment of value attributable to the value of the lease-purchase right...

  1. Co-operation Agreement relating to LHC Commissioning

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    CERN Director-General Robert Aymar and Ryszard Tadeusiewicz, the Rector of the AGH University of Science and Technology in Cracow, after signing the agreement. On 29 July, the Rector of the AGH University of Science and Technology in Cracow, Ryszard Tadeusiewicz, and CERN Director-General Robert Aymar signed a collaboration agreement relating to the commissioning of the instrumentation and monitoring equipment for the LHC cryogenic system. Under the agreement, a team consisting of a dozen physicists, engineers and technicians from the AGH University in Cracow will lend a helping hand to the teams at CERN for the commissioning of the cryogenic system in the tunnel. This is the first in what will be a series of agreements relating to the commissioning of the LHC's various systems. From the end of this year until the summer of 2007, CERN will require reinforcements of physicists, engineers and technicians in order to complete the many tasks associated with the start-up of the accelerator. CERN is therefore pre...

  2. Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement implementation successes and challenges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On July 19, 1996 the US Department of Energy (DOE), State of Colorado (CDPHE), and US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) entered into an agreement called the Rocky Flats Cleanup Agreement (RFCA) for the cleanup and closure of the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS or Rocky Flats). Major elements of the agreement include: an Integrated Site-Wide Baseline; up to twelve significant enforceable milestones per year; agreed upon soil and water action levels and standards for cleanup; open space as the likely foreseeable land use; the plutonium and TRU waste removed by 2015; streamlined regulatory process; agreement with the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) to coordinate activities; and a risk reduction focus. Successful implementation of RFCA requires a substantial effort by the parties to change their way of thinking about RFETS and meet the deliverables and commitments. Substantial progress toward Site closure through the implementation of RFCA has been accomplished in the short time since the signing, yet much remains to be done. Much can be learned from the Rocky Flats experience by other facilities in similar situations

  3. The India–Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement and the Proposed Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement: A Closer Look

    OpenAIRE

    Kelegama, Saman

    2014-01-01

    The India–Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement has been in operation for more than a decade. The paper provides the Sri Lankan perspective of the Free Trade Agreement (FTA) highlighting both the positive outcomes and the negative aspects. The paper shows that the FTA has worked in favor of Sri Lanka but its full potential has not yet been realized due to market access problems in India, and the lack of supply capacity for some products in Sri Lanka. The India–Sri Lanka Comprehensive Economic Pa...

  4. The decision to extract: Part 1--Interclinician agreement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, S; Korn, E L; Boyd, R L; Maxwell, R

    1996-03-01

    As part of an ongoing prospective clinical trial of conventional orthodontic treatment, the decision making patterns of a representative group of orthodontic clinicians were examined. Data were available for 148 subjects (100 adolescents and 48 adults) who had presented at the University of California San Francisco Graduate Orthodontic Clinic requesting treatment for correction of a Class I or Class II malocclusion. The records for each subject were evaluated independently by each of five members of the clinical faculty, making available a total of 740 independent patient evaluations. With regard to the primary decision as to whether extraction or nonextraction treatment was to be preferred, agreement among clinicians was higher than had been anticipated. In almost two thirds of the cases, the decisions of all five clinicians were in agreement as to whether extraction or nonextraction was the preferred treatment modality. (This figure included 59 cases of complete agreement for extraction therapy (40%) and 38 cases of complete agreement for nonextraction therapy (26%)). In only 51 cases (34%), did the reviewing clinicians disagree as to whether extraction or nonextraction was the preferred modality of treatment. The clinicians were also asked to indicate their opinions as to whether orthognathic surgery was likely to be a part of the ultimate treatment course for each individual subject. Nine percent of the 740 patient evaluations contained a clinician judgement that surgery would be a probable or definite component of the orthodontic treatment plan. For 29% of the adult subjects (14 cases) and 23% of the adolescent subjects (23 cases), one or more of the five examining clinicians believed that adjunctive surgical intervention would probably or definitely be appropriate. These high values were unexpected, particularly because the sample had been prescreened by a single clinician to exclude subjects who might require orthognathic surgery. Clinician agreement of

  5. Interobserver agreement on the interpretation of automated whole breast ultrasonography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Eun Jeong; KIm, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo; Kim, Yun Ju [Dept. of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the interobserver agreement on lesion characterization and the final assessment of automated whole breast ultrasonography (ABUS) images. Between March and August 2012, 172 women underwent bilateral ABUS before biopsy guided by handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) and mammography. A total of 206 breast lesions were confirmed histopathologically by biopsy. Three-dimensional volume data from ABUS scans were analyzed by two radiologists without the knowledge of HHUS results or patient clinical information. The two readers described the type, shape, orientation, margin, echogenicity, posterior acoustic features, and categorization of the final assessment of detected breast lesions. Kappa statistics were used to analyze the described characteristics of the breast lesions detected by both of the two readers. Of the 206 histopathologically confirmed lesions, reader 1 detected 166 lesions and reader 2 detected 150 lesions. A total of 145 lesions were detected by both readers using ABUS images. There was substantial agreement on shape (k=0.707), and moderate agreement on type, margin, mass orientation, echogenicity, and posterior acoustic features (k=0.592, 0.438, 0.472, 0.524, and 0.541, respectively). Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessment values yielded a kappa value of 0.3971 when category subdivisions 4A, 4B, and 4C were included. With respect to the C2, C3, C4, and C5 categories, the interobserver agreement was moderate (k=0.505). ABUS is a promising diagnostic tool with a good interobserver agreement, comparable to that of HHUS.

  6. Electrophysiology of subject-verb agreement mediated by speakers’ gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana eHanulíková

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available An important property of speech is that it explicitly conveys features of a speaker's identity such as age or gender. This event-related potential (ERP study examined the effects of social information provided by a speaker’s gender, i.e. the conceptual representation of gender, on subject-verb agreement. Despite numerous studies on agreement, little is known about syntactic computations generated by speaker characteristics extracted from the acoustic signal. Slovak is well suited to investigate this issue because it is a morphologically rich language in which agreement involves features for number, case, and gender. Grammaticality of a sentence can be evaluated by checking a speaker’s gender as conveyed by his/her voice. We examined how conceptual information about speaker gender, which is not syntactic but rather social and pragmatic in nature, is interpreted for the computation of agreement patterns. ERP responses to verbs disagreeing with the speaker's gender (e.g., a sentence including a masculine verbal inflection spoken by a female person 'the neighbours were upset because I *stoleMASC plums’ elicited a larger early posterior negativity compared to correct sentences. When the agreement was purely syntactic and did not depend on the speaker’s gender, a disagreement between a formally-marked subject and the verb inflection (e.g., the womanFEM *stoleMASC plums resulted in a larger P600 preceded by a larger anterior negativity compared to the control sentences. This result is in line with proposals according to which the recruitment of non-syntactic information such as the gender of the speaker results in N400-like effects, while formally-marked syntactic features lead to structural integration as reflected in a LAN/P600 complex.

  7. Electrophysiology of subject-verb agreement mediated by speakers’ gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanulíková, Adriana; Carreiras, Manuel

    2015-01-01

    An important property of speech is that it explicitly conveys features of a speaker’s identity such as age or gender. This event-related potential (ERP) study examined the effects of social information provided by a speaker’s gender, i.e., the conceptual representation of gender, on subject–verb agreement. Despite numerous studies on agreement, little is known about syntactic computations generated by speaker characteristics extracted from the acoustic signal. Slovak is well suited to investigate this issue because it is a morphologically rich language in which agreement involves features for number, case, and gender. Grammaticality of a sentence can be evaluated by checking a speaker’s gender as conveyed by his/her voice. We examined how conceptual information about speaker gender, which is not syntactic but rather social and pragmatic in nature, is interpreted for the computation of agreement patterns. ERP responses to verbs disagreeing with the speaker’s gender (e.g., a sentence including a masculine verbal inflection spoken by a female person ‘the neighbors were upset because I ∗stoleMASC plums’) elicited a larger early posterior negativity compared to correct sentences. When the agreement was purely syntactic and did not depend on the speaker’s gender, a disagreement between a formally marked subject and the verb inflection (e.g., the womanFEM ∗stoleMASC plums) resulted in a larger P600 preceded by a larger anterior negativity compared to the control sentences. This result is in line with proposals according to which the recruitment of non-syntactic information such as the gender of the speaker results in N400-like effects, while formally marked syntactic features lead to structural integration as reflected in a LAN/P600 complex. PMID:26441771

  8. Interobserver agreement on the interpretation of automated whole breast ultrasonography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the interobserver agreement on lesion characterization and the final assessment of automated whole breast ultrasonography (ABUS) images. Between March and August 2012, 172 women underwent bilateral ABUS before biopsy guided by handheld ultrasonography (HHUS) and mammography. A total of 206 breast lesions were confirmed histopathologically by biopsy. Three-dimensional volume data from ABUS scans were analyzed by two radiologists without the knowledge of HHUS results or patient clinical information. The two readers described the type, shape, orientation, margin, echogenicity, posterior acoustic features, and categorization of the final assessment of detected breast lesions. Kappa statistics were used to analyze the described characteristics of the breast lesions detected by both of the two readers. Of the 206 histopathologically confirmed lesions, reader 1 detected 166 lesions and reader 2 detected 150 lesions. A total of 145 lesions were detected by both readers using ABUS images. There was substantial agreement on shape (k=0.707), and moderate agreement on type, margin, mass orientation, echogenicity, and posterior acoustic features (k=0.592, 0.438, 0.472, 0.524, and 0.541, respectively). Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessment values yielded a kappa value of 0.3971 when category subdivisions 4A, 4B, and 4C were included. With respect to the C2, C3, C4, and C5 categories, the interobserver agreement was moderate (k=0.505). ABUS is a promising diagnostic tool with a good interobserver agreement, comparable to that of HHUS.

  9. 77 FR 68699 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Free Trade Agreement-Panama (DFARS Case...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... Regulation Supplement: New Free Trade Agreement--Panama (DFARS Case 2012-D044) AGENCY: Defense Acquisition...-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement. This Trade Promotion Agreement is a free trade agreement that provides.... 3805 note). This Trade Promotion Agreement is designated in the FAR as the Panama......

  10. Low agreement among 24 doctors using the Neer-classification; only moderate agreement on displacement, even between specialists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brorson, S; Bagger, J; Sylvest, A; Hróbjartsson, A

    2002-01-01

    Twenty-four orthopaedic surgeons classified 42 pairs of radiographs according to the Neer system for proximal humeral fractures. Mean kappa value for inter-observer agreement was 0.27 (95% CI 0.26-0.28) with no clinically significant difference between orthopaedic residents ( n=9), fellows ( n=6)...

  11. Bilateral Agreements and Fair Trade Practices: A Policy Analysis of the Colombia-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin J. Fandl

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article brings to the attention of those public servants involved in the design and negotiation of free trade agreements between the United States and developing countries, such as Colombia, the potential benefits and drawbacks of negotiating in a bilateral forum. Rather than critiquing the free trade agreement for its particular provisions, this article examines the U.S. policy of negotiating bilaterally with developing countries as opposed to multilaterally in the world trade system and what effects such an approach might have on the economic development of the latter. Using an incremental policy analysis, the article critiques the bilateral approach in terms of economic development and fair trade negotiations using the recent Colombia-U.S. trade agreement as a case study. The article concludes that a bilateral approach that is disconnected from a broader multilateral context may be detrimental to developing countries and recommends increased oversight of such agreements by the World Trade Organization to ensure a higher degree of fairness.

  12. The text of the safeguards transfer agreement relating to the bilateral agreement between Spain and the United States of America

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Protocol suspending the application of safeguards pursuant to the Safeguards Transfer Agreement of 9 December 1966, as amended, between the Agency, Spain and the United States of America is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. The Protocol entered into force, pursuant to Section 3 thereof, on 15 October 1993

  13. Performance-Based Agreements : Incorporating Performance-Based Elements into Standard Loan and Grant Agreements, A Technical Guide

    OpenAIRE

    EI-Zoghbi, Mayada; Glisovic-Mezieres, Jasmina; Latortue, Alexia

    2010-01-01

    All donors and investors use contracts to establish legal relationships with the partners they fund. Typically, these contracts define the permitted use of the funds and include general suspension or termination clauses. Unfortunately, many agreements do not include project-specific performance targets and do not define sanctions for failure to deliver minimum performance against those tar...

  14. The Text of the Third Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology (RCA). Latest Status. Extension of Agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Third Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology, the 1987 RCA, is reproduced herein for the information of all Members

  15. The Text of the Fourth Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training related to Nuclear Science and Technology (RCA). Extension of Agreement. Latest Status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The text of the Fourth Agreement to Extend the 1987 Regional Co-operative Agreement for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology, 'the 1987 RCA', is reproduced herein for the information of all Members

  16. Dodewaard fuel supply agreement - a model for the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An Agreement between the Utility GKN and the Fuel Supplier BNFL has eliminated any Utility imposed penalty clauses for fuel failure due to operational conditions and, consequently, there are no restrictions imposed by the Fuel Supplier on the reactor operational manoeuvres. The result is that the Utility can now decide if the risk of fuel clad failure during a reactor power ramp outweighs the financial loss due to slower ramp rates. It is the Utility and not the Fuel Supplier who is in the best position to make this judgment provided adequate operational experience and computer codes are available to quantify the risk. The paper discusses the reactor operational experience, including the fuel failure rate and the confirmation of PCI failure by post irradiation examination. It establishes the practicality of the Agreement for the Dodewaard reactor and suggests such arrangements could be beneficial to other Utilities. (author)

  17. Elements of a new climate agreement by 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holm Olsen, K.; Fenhann, J.; Luetken, S.

    2013-06-15

    This year's Perspectives from UNEP and UNEP Risoe Centre in collaboration with the Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) focuses on the elements of a new climate agreement by 2015 that will contribute to achieve the 2 deg. C limit for global warming. The first paper in this publication frames the global mitigation challenge based on the UNEP Emissions Gap Report 2012. The five other articles address key elements of a new climate agreement; emissions from international aviation, a vision for carbon markets up to 2020 and beyond, how green growth strategies can address the emissions gap, redesign of a REDD+ mechanism in response to the crisis of global deforestation and how NAMAs in Southern Africa can reconcile the gap between local and global objectives for development and climate change mitigation. The Perspectives series seeks to inspire policy- and decision makers by communicating the diverse insights and visions of leading actors in the arena of low carbon development in developing countries. (Author)

  18. Efficient multiparty quantum key agreement protocol based on commutative encryption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Zhiwei; Huang, Jiwu; Wang, Ping

    2016-05-01

    A secure multiparty quantum key agreement protocol using single-qubit states is proposed. The agreement key is computed by performing exclusive-OR operation on all the participants' secret keys. Based on the commutative property of the commutative encryption, the exclusive-OR operation can be performed on the plaintext in the encrypted state without decrypting it. Thus, it not only protects the final shared key, but also reduces the complexity of the computation. The efficiency of the proposed protocol, compared with previous multiparty QKA protocols, is also improved. In the presented protocol, entanglement states, joint measurement and even the unitary operations are not needed, and only rotation operations and single-state measurement are required, which are easier to be realized with current technology.

  19. OPEC`s response to international climate agreements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braaten, J.; Golombek, R.

    1996-03-01

    This publication studies a game between a group of countries that have agreed to participate in an international climate agreement (the signatories) and OPEC. The task of the signatories is to design carbon taxes that maximize their total net income, given a goal on global carbon emissions. In response to the climate agreement, OPEC imposes an oil tax on its member states that maximizes OPEC`s profits. Within a numerical model, the subgame-perfect equilibrium of a game is found in which each player chooses when to fix his decision variables. It is shown that, in equilibrium, the group of signatories chooses to be the leader and OPEC chooses to be the follower. It is demonstrated, however, that for both agents the order of move is of minor (numerical) importance. Hence, the players have limited incentives for strategic behaviour. 15 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

  20. Farmout agreement: a story short but not always sweet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hemingway, R.W.

    A commonly used instrument in the oil and gas industry is the farmout agreement, whose informality can often trap the unwary. Farmout describes a transaction where the owner of an oil and gas lease (the farmor) agrees to an assignment of a part of a lease to the farmee, who agrees to drill a well to a certain depth or condition in exchange for a royalty convertible to a working interest in that part of the lease to be assigned. The agreement provisions include a description of the activities and performance required of the farmee, the rights that may be earned by the farmee and retained by the farmor, and the assignment of these rights to the farmee. The author discusses these provisions in detail, and presents a checklist to help in preparing farmouts in terms of the definition of rights and obligations.

  1. Inter-rater agreement among orthodontists in a blocked experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korn, E L; Baumrind, S

    1985-01-01

    Five orthodontists were asked to predict for 64 patients a particular dichotomous outcome of treatment based on pre-treatment X-ray films. The orthodontists rated the cases in blocks of size 4-6 with the knowledge of the number of positive outcomes in each block. We discuss the reasons why this blocked design is appropriate whenever clinicians are asked to rate cases which have not been randomly selected from a clinical practice similar to their own. We give a simple description of the inter-rater agreement for this type of blocked experiment as well as a procedure to test that the agreement is no better than that expected by random independent assignment. PMID:3992073

  2. Proposal for a project agreement with ISTC - Crystal Clear Collaboration

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns a project agreement with the ISTC entitled "Development of the Detector Production Technology for a New Generation of Positron Emission Tomographs to be used in Medecine and Pharmacology" to be executed in co-operation with the Crystal Clear Collaboration. For the reasons set out in this document, the Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a project agreement with ISTC for a total amount of 775 000 US dollars. The European Union party in ISTC will co-fund the project up to a total of 525 000 US dollars. CERN's contribution will not exceed 250 000 US dollars. At the present rate of exchange this is equivalent to approximately 430 000 Swiss francs

  3. Hydrological considerations in providing data for water agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamir, U.

    2011-12-01

    Conflicts over water are as old as human history. Still, analysis of past and present water conflicts, cooperation and agreements clearly indicate a preponderance of cooperation over conflict. How can hydrologists contribute to maximizing the probability that this will be the outcome when interests of adjacent political entities over water move towards conflict? Hydrology is among the most important data bases for crafting a water agreement across a political boundary (others include: political, social, and economic) and are often the most elusive and controversial. We deal here with cases of water scarcity, although flood protection issues are no less interesting and challenging. For hydrologists, some of the important points in this regard are: - Agreed and "stable" hydrological data base: hydrologists know that data bases are always a "moving target" that keeps changing with new and better information, improved understanding of the hydrological components and the use of models, as well as due to the influence of changing internal and external drivers (land use and land cover, modified precipitation fields, climate change). On the other hand, it is not possible to manage an agreement that requires continuous change of the hydrological information. To do so would cause endless discussions between the parties, causing the agreement to become unstable. The tendency is therefore to "freeze" the hydrological information in the agreement and introduce a mechanism for periodic update. - Variability and uncertainty: while the basic hydrology is to be kept "stable", the agreement must recognize variability and uncertainty. Various mechanisms can be used for this, depending on the specific circumstances of the case, including: the range of variability and the degree of uncertainty and the consequences of excursions systematic from nominal values and the effects of random variability. - Water quality is an important parameter that determines usability for various purposes

  4. Final Report on ITER Task Agreement 81-18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brad J. Merrill

    2008-02-01

    During 2007, the US International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) Project Office (USIPO) entered into a Task Agreement (TA) with the ITER International Organization (IO) to conduct Research and Development activity and/or Design activity in the area of Safety Analyses. There were four tasks within this TA, which were to provide the ITER IO with: 1) Quality Assurance (QA) documentation for the MELCOR 1.8.2 Fusion code, 2) a pedigreed version of MELCOR 1.8.2, 3) assistance in MELCOR input deck development and accident analyses, and 4) support and assistance in the operation of the MELCOR 1.8.2. This report, which is the final report for this agreement, documents the completion of the work scope under this ITER TA, designated as TA 81-18.

  5. 1986 Agreement on third party liability in the nuclear field

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Agreement intends to facilitate the settlement of disputes, if they are due to an event (caused by the peaceful utilisation of nuclear energy) which occurs on the territory of one State and gives rise to damage on the territory of the other State. Unlike the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland has neither ratified the Paris Convention of 29th July 1960 on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy nor the Brussels Supplementary Convention of 31st January 1963. This might result in diverging interpretations by the German and Swiss courts, in particular, regarding the competent courts and the laws applicable if a third party liability problem were to arise between both countries. The Agreement therefore aims to settle these matters directly by treaty between the States before the courts are confronted by an occurrence of damage and have to seek a solution which conforms to international private law. (NEA)

  6. Transatlantic Cooperation in Space: Eu-Canada Free Trade Agreement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luise Weber-Steinhaus

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available National governments are keenly aware of the need for investment in space. Canada, as a formal cooperating state in the European Space Agency (ESA, and Germany, as a leading member state of ESA, are interlinked in Europe’s space endeavours. Beyond ESA, Germany and Canada additionally have a strong history of bilateral cooperation on a range of space projects. This paper discusses the novel interdependencies between clear national and now supranational space policies, using the examples of the Canada-European Union (EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA. The agreement covers most aspects of the EU-Canada bilateral economic relationship and includes space. The paper focuses on international space policies, strategic bilateral co-operation, and technical accomplishments. It takes a closer look at German-Canadian collaboration in space programs and offers some reflection on the effect of both the EU and ESA’S transatlantic involvement in space.

  7. EPRI-USDOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT: COFIRING BIOMASS WITH COAL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David A. Tillman

    2001-09-01

    The entire Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) cofiring program has been in existence of some 9 years. This report presents a summary of the major elements of that program, focusing upon the following questions: (1) In pursuit of increased use of renewable energy in the US economy, why was electricity generation considered the most promising target, and why was cofiring pursued as the most effective near-term technology to use in broadening the use of biomass within the electricity generating arena? (2) What were the unique accomplishments of EPRI before the development of the Cooperative Agreement, which made developing the partnership with EPRI a highly cost-effective approach for USDOE? (3) What were the key accomplishments of the Cooperative Agreement in the development and execution of test and demonstration programs-accomplishments which significantly furthered the process of commercializing cofiring?

  8. THE TPP AND TTIP TRADE AGREEMENTS: THE INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioana GUTU

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Free trade is one of the ultimate purposes of the free trade agreements currently negotiated over the world. Two of these trials are represented by the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP. The common feature of these two trade deals is represented by the United States, a global actor that is making sure that it will be able to trade in best conditions on both of its geographical shores: on the Pacific and on The Atlantic. The negotiations are still ongoing, but results are expected on both sides. An important issue for the third parties, but not only, is represented by the secrecy of the negotiations undertaken and the lack of transparency shown by the negotiating Governments. If the agreements are concluded, a major global impact on trade and investments is expected, with significant positive implications for the TPP and TTIP negotiating states.

  9. Developing country finance in a post-2020 global climate agreement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannam, Phillip M.; Liao, Zhenliang; Davis, Steven J.; Oppenheimer, Michael

    2015-11-01

    A central task for negotiators of the post-2020 global climate agreement is to construct a finance regime that supports low-carbon development in developing economies. As power sector investments between developing countries grow, the climate finance regime should incentivize the decarbonization of these major sources of finance by integrating them as a complement to the commitments of developed nations. The emergence of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, South-South Cooperation Fund and other nascent institutions reveal the fissures that exist in rules and norms surrounding international finance in the power sector. Structuring the climate agreement in Paris to credit qualified finance from the developing world could have several advantages, including: (1) encouraging low-carbon cooperation between developing countries; (2) incentivizing emerging investors to prefer low-carbon investments; and (3) enabling more cost-effective attainment of national and global climate objectives. Failure to coordinate on standards now could hinder low-carbon development in the decades to come.

  10. BASEL III AGREEMENT – BETWEEN NECESSITY AND CONVENIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florin Cornel Dumiter

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In the aftermath of the financial crises which started in 2007, the supervision and regulation authorities around the world dispatch the necessity of recalibration the financial and banking system. Because of the bailouts in the financial and banking sectors beyond the failure of hedge funds, mortgage bonds and the collapse of Lehman Brothers, specialists around the world looked at the necessity to underwrite the regulation and supervision frameworks. The Basel III Agreement, developed by the Basel Committee of Banking Supervision enriched a substantially revised program regarding the capital adequacy headlines. In this article, we provide an outlook regarding the necessity and conformity of the new Basel III agreement facing the challenges ahead and the upcoming threats of the ongoing financial crises.

  11. LEASE AGREEMENTS FINANCIAL REPORTING ISSUES ACCORDING TO THE INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina MAISURADZE

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available On January 13th 2016, the Board for International Accounting Standards  published the  new International Standard 16 of Financial Reporting,   named as “Lease”, which will substitute the International Accounting Standard 17 of financial reporting “Lease”. ISFR 16 ensures reflection of practically all lease agreements in the financial reporting, which, in is part, meets the requirements of investors regarding reliability and transparency of the information related to a financial state of an enterprise. The Article considers the changes caused by ISFR 16, which relate to recognition of the lease agreements as the asset, their accounting and, impact on the financial reporting. Relevant conclusions are provided regarding the above mentioned issues.

  12. Recent European Challenges and the Danish Collective Agreement Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Trine Pernille; Navrbjerg, Steen Erik

    The Nordic countries collective agreement systems face, similar to other bargaining models, a wide range of challenges as a result of globalisation and increased European integration. Some concern the further development and strengthening of the European and national social dialogue. Others are...... distinct labour market systems with different traditions of social dialogue and allow comparison of how different EU member states handled the recent challenges caused by the increased European integration....

  13. The Tobacco Master Settlement Agreement: Enforcement of Marketing Restrictions

    OpenAIRE

    Eckhart, Dennis

    2004-01-01

    Abstract On November 23, 1998, forty-six states and six other U.S. jurisdictions entered into the largest civil litigation settlement in the nation’s history. The tobacco Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) resolved litigation brought by over forty states in the mid-1990s against the major U.S. cigarette manufacturers, including Philip Morris, R.J. Reynolds, Brown & Williamson, and Lorillard, along with the tobacco industry’s trade associations and public relations firms. By signing the MSA, ...

  14. Estimating the CDM market under the Bonn Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Jotzo, Frank; Michaelowa, Axel

    2001-01-01

    We analyse the impact of the agreement on implementation of the Kyoto Protocol achieved at COP6bis in Bonn in July 2001 on investment in greenhouse gas emission reduction projects in developing countries through the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). The required actual emission reductions for participating Annex B countries overall will be relatively small, as the United States do not intend to ratify the Protocol and significant amounts of carbon sequestered in domestic sinks will be credit...

  15. CHALCO and Galuminium Group signed framework agreement for strategic cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>On July 25,the Aluminum Corporation of China Limited and Galuminium Group Co.,Ltd signed strategic cooperation agreement in Guiyang Aluminum Hotel.LuoJianchuan,President of the Aluminum Corporation of China Limited,introduced CHALCO’s operation,as well as its Guizhou Branch’s aluminum oxide and electrolytic aluminum business operation,mine production,and construction of Maochang Mine.LuoJianchuan said that viewed

  16. Clincal-histoptahologic agreement in major salivary glands tumors diagnosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Torres-Tabares Tonny Alberto; Ramos-Clason Enrique Carlos; Bello-Avena Volney Enrique; Milanés-Pérez Rosa

    2011-01-01

    Aims: To estimate diagnostic agreement between clinical features and histopathologicfindings in patients with major salivary glands tumors.Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in the Hospital Universitario del Caribe,Cartagena (Colombia), 2006-2010. Data was collected from 64 patients medicalrecords. Data was stored and analyzed using EPI-INFO 3.5.1. A proportions comparisonprocedure was executed to qualitative variables, and mean or median comparison wasperformed to quantitative vari...

  17. Do free trade agreements actually increase members’ international trade?

    OpenAIRE

    Scott L. BAIER; Jeffrey H. Bergstrand

    2005-01-01

    For more than forty years, the gravity equation has been a workhorse for cross-country empirical analyses of international trade flows and, in particular, the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade flows. However, the gravity equation is subject to the same econometric critique as earlier cross-industry studies of U.S. tariff and nontariff barriers and U.S. multilateral imports: Trade policy is not an exogenous variable. The authors address econometrically the endogeneity of FTAs us...

  18. Do free trade agreements actually increase members' international trade?

    OpenAIRE

    Baier, Scott Leonard; Jeffrey H. Bergstrand

    2005-01-01

    For more than forty years, the gravity equation has been a workhorse for cross-country empirical analyses of international trade flows and, in particular, the effects of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade flows. However, the gravity equation is subject to the same econometric critique as earlier cross-industry studies of U.S. tariff and nontariff barriers and U.S. multilateral imports: Trade policy is not an exogenous variable. The authors address econometrically the endogeneity of FTAs us...

  19. A Handbook for Understanding of Nuclear Cooperation Agreement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, B. W.; Lee, H. M.; Ko, H. S.; Ryu, J. S.; Lee, K. S

    2007-12-15

    The objective of this study is to help understanding for revision of existing Nuclear Cooperation Agreements (NCAs) between Korea and the United States (US). To accomplish the objectives, this study: First, explains a basic concept, role and composition of a NCA. Second, analyzes key factors of a NCA including the right of a supplier and the obligation of a recipient; and Lastly, examines a current status of nuclear cooperation between Korea and the US, and revision procedures of a NCA, especially the US.

  20. PRE-CONTRACTUAL INFORMATION IN CREDIT AGREEMENTS FOR CONSUMERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela-Irina IONESCU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article provides an image to the point on information provided to consumers before the conclusion of a credit contract, starting with the importance of information and ending with the legal framework. A high consumer protection may be achieved primarily through consumer information. The complexity of banking services but also the vulnerability of consumers in relation to the banks and the unbalanced relationship led to the need to develop specific legislation that clearly establishes the rights and obligations of the parties of a credit agreement for consumers. In this regard, in 2008, after many debates, Directive 2008/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on credit agreements for consumers was adopted. At national level, the Directive was transposed by the Government Emergency Ordinance no. 50/2010 on credit agreements for consumers. Taking into account national specificities, such as lack of experience of consumers in financial products, the irresponsible lending and the unfair practices of creditors, the national act includes wider provisions than the European Directive, such as those relating to fees limitations or those related to the calculation of the variable interest rate. Also the GEO no 50/2010 applies to all credit agreements concluded by consumers and creditors. As regards the advertising, any advertisement shall include a series of standard information. Also, pre-contractual information is standard information, is provided to consumers 15 days before the contract is concluded and is transmitted through the “European Consumer Credit Information sheet Standard”. The article presents when, how and what information should be given to consumers and insists on the importance of annual percentage rate and to what consumers should pay attention in order to be able to compare different offers.

  1. An Abstract Argumentation Framework for Supporting Agreements in Agent Societies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heras, Stella; Botti, Vicente; Julián, Vicente

    In this paper we present an abstract argumentation framework for the support of agreement processes in agent societies. This framework takes into account arguments, attacks between them and the social contex of the agents that put forward arguments. Then, we define the semantics of the framework, providing a mechanism to evaluate arguments in view of other arguments posed in the argumentation process. Finally, the framework is illustrated with an example in a real domain of a water-rights transfer market.

  2. Beyond Trade Creation: Free Trade Agreements and Trade Disputes

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Tan; Qiu, Larry D

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates the effects of the formation of free trade agreements (FTAs) on trade disputes. We construct a unique and comprehensive dataset on inter-country trade disputes from 1995 to 2007. The dataset covers 110 countries and 1130 trade disputes. We find that the incidences of trade disputes between two countries are positively associated with economic size, economic growth, and trade shares, thereby lending partial support to the “capacity hypothesis” in the dispute literature....

  3. Can Trade Agreements Curtail Trade Creation and Prevent Trade Diversion

    OpenAIRE

    Juyoung Cheong; Do Won Kwak; Kam Ki Tang

    2014-01-01

    Despite recent theoretical literature highlighting the cross effects between preferential trade agreements (PTAs), like the domino effect and the competitive liberalization theory, little has been done to quantify their impact on bilateral trade flows. This paper investigates how preexisting PTAs dilute (shield) the trade creation (diversion) effect of new PTAs. Countries having pre-existing PTAs enjoy smaller gains in intra-bloc trade because of the dilution effect, and experience smaller lo...

  4. Preferential Trade Agreements and Welfare: General Equilibrium Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Juyoung Cheong; Shino Takayama; Terence Yeo

    2013-01-01

    This paper studies the welfare effects of a preferential trade agreement (PTA) within a general equilibrium framework following Eaton and Kortum (2002) and conducts a comparative statics analysis of the equilibrium. The paper provides a closed-form analysis with no assumption of balanced trade and analyzes how a PTA affects the price level, trade flows, and welfare of both member and nonmember countries. We show that a PTA decreases the price level of not only member but also nonmember countr...

  5. Viscosity solutions theory for tolling agreements and swing options

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    We investigate a constrained stochastic control problem connected to a financial contract representing a virtual factory. Commonly known as tolling agreements, these contracts are traded in free energy markets and include exercise flexibility in volume as well as in timing. Allowing for very general models for jump-diffusion processes with possibly time-dependant jump intensity, we study the control problem under the dynamic programming framework. After rigorously proving the dynamic programm...

  6. Impact of Free Trade Agreements on the Colombian Beef Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez, Miguel I.; Frank, Julieta; Parra, Tatiana

    2010-01-01

    Colombia negotiated bilateral Trade Agreements (TAs) with the United States and with the MERCOSUR region (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay). Colombian cattle and beef interest groups argue that TAs hurt the local beef supply chain. We employ a partial equilibrium framework to assess the impact of these TAs on the welfare of cattle producers, beef marketers and meat consumers in Colombia. Our results suggest that with free imports of chicken parts from the U.S, beef consumption and ret...

  7. Null subjects and agreement marks in European and Brazilian Portuguese

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte, Maria Eugênia Lammoglia; Varejão, Filomena

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the relation between the presence of agreement marks and null subjects in contemporary European and Brazilian Portuguese based on very recent samples of speech collected in Lisbon and Rio de Janeiro. In order to bring additional evidence to support the analysis, we will briefly review the issues involving the Null Subject in Romance Languages and some diachronic and synchronic analyses which distinguish Brazilian and European Portuguese as far as null...

  8. A Political-Economy Analysis of a GMO Trade Agreement

    OpenAIRE

    Shao, Qianqian; Punt, Maarten; Wesseler, Justus

    2014-01-01

    The EU and the US launched negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) in July 2013. Among the TTIP aims, there are negotiable terms under which the EU would import more genetically modified (GM) products and change its labeling regulations on GM Organisms (GMOs). This paper discusses a trade agreement of agricultural products between two countries, with different GM regulatory regimes from a political economy perspective. We find the negotiation equilibrium of the...

  9. Economic partnership agreements and the export competitiveness of Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Brenton, Paul; Hoppe, Mombert; Newfarmer, Richard

    2008-01-01

    Trade can be a key driver of growth for African countries, as it has been for those countries, particularly in East Asia, that have experienced high and sustained rates of growth. Economic partnership agreements with the European Union could be instrumental in a competitiveness framework, but to do so they would have to be designed carefully in a way that supports integration into the glob...

  10. Thyroid nodule guidelines: agreement, disagreement and need for future research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paschke, Ralf; Hegedüs, Laszlo; Alexander, Erik;

    2011-01-01

    , clinically very relevant areas of uncertainty need to be addressed by further research. This situation applies, for instance, to better definition of ultrasound malignancy criteria and the evaluation of emerging new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, including molecular markers. For clinicians who advise......This article reviews agreement, disagreement and need for future research of the thyroid nodule guidelines published by the British Thyroid Association, National Cancer Institute, American Thyroid Association and the joint, transatlantic effort of three large societies, the American Society of...

  11. Services commitments in preferential trade agreements: An expanded dataset

    OpenAIRE

    Roy, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) on services have proliferated since 2000. This working paper briefly presents the expansion of the dataset initially developed in Marchetti and Roy (2008). The data permits to assess the extent to which market access commitments undertaken by WTO Members in PTAs go beyond GATS commitments and offers made in the context of the Doha Development Agenda. The dataset, which covers PTA commitments of 53 WTO Members (counting EU Members States as one), is availab...

  12. Agreement reached on integrated safeguards in European Union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in cooperation with the European Commission, has reached agreement on arrangements to implement 'integrated safeguards' in all non-nuclear-weapon States of the European Union with significant nuclear activities. 'This important milestone is the result of the constructive common efforts of all parties concerned. It is a clear signal of the importance attributed by the EU and its Member States, as well as the IAEA, to the reinforcement of the nuclear non-proliferation regime,' said Andris Piebalgs, Member of the European Commission in charge of Energy. 'Once we have sufficient confidence that a State' s nuclear activities are purely peaceful, we can apply safeguards measures in a less prescriptive, more customised manner. This reduces the inspection burden on the State and the inspection effort of the IAEA, while enabling the IAEA to maintain the conclusion that all nuclear material has remained in peaceful activities,' said Olli Heinonen, Deputy Director General and Head of IAEA Safeguards Department. Background The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the main international Treaty prohibiting the spread of nuclear weapons. It entrusts the IAEA to verify that nuclear material is not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices through the application of 'safeguards'. IAEA safeguards include comprehensive safeguards agreements and additional protocols that enable the IAEA to conclude that all nuclear material has remained in peaceful activities in a State. Integrated Safeguards refers to the optimum combination of all safeguards measures available to the Agency under comprehensive safeguards agreements and additional protocols to achieve maximum effectiveness and efficiency in meeting the Agency ' s safeguards obligations. In the European Union, nuclear safeguards are implemented on the basis of the Euratom Treaty and trilateral agreements between Euratom, its Member States and the IAEA

  13. Real and nominal wage rigidities in collective bargaining agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Louis N. Christofides; Nearchou, Paris

    2007-01-01

    An earlier study of wage agreements, reached in the Canadian unionized sector between 1976-99, found that wage adjustment is characterized by downward nominal rigidity and significant spikes at zero. We extend this earlier approach to encompass the possibility of real as well as nominal wage rigidity. The addition of real wage rigidity variables enhances earlier results and suggests that real rigidity increases significantly the mass in the histogram bin containing the mean anticipated rate o...

  14. Regional Trade Agreements and U.S. Agriculture

    OpenAIRE

    Anonymous; Jones, Elizabeth A.

    1998-01-01

    Regional trade agreements (RTA's) have become a fixture in the global trade arena. Their advocates contend that RTA's can serve as building blocks for multilateral trade liberalization. Their opponents argue that these trade pacts will divert trade from more efficient nonmember producing countries. U.S. agriculture can benefit from participating in RTA's and may lose when it does not. Agriculture is an important source of potential U.S. gains from RTA's. While the United States, as a global t...

  15. The layers of the IT Agreement's trade impact

    OpenAIRE

    Henn, Christian; GNUTZMANN-MKRTCHYAN, Arevik

    2015-01-01

    The WTO's plurilateral Information Technology Agreement (ITA) reduced tariffs to zero on many IT products. This paper presents a comprehensive study of its trade impacts by incorporating recent insights from both the global value chain (GVC) and time in trade literatures. Inserting tariffs directly into the gravity equation breaks the ITAs impact down into four layers. Import demand elasticities are found to be non-linear: Tariff reduction (layer 1) has relatively small impacts, while complet...

  16. Health services under the General Agreement on Trade in Services

    OpenAIRE

    Adlung Rudolf; Carzaniga Antonia

    2001-01-01

    The potential for trade in health services has expanded rapidly in recent decades. More efficient communication systems have helped to reduce distance-related barriers to trade; rising incomes and enhanced information have increased the mobility of patients; and internal cost pressures have led various governments to consider possibilities for increased private participation. As yet, however, health services have played only a modest role in the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). ...

  17. BASEL III AGREEMENT – BETWEEN NECESSITY AND CONVENIENCE

    OpenAIRE

    Florin Cornel Dumiter

    2013-01-01

    In the aftermath of the financial crises which started in 2007, the supervision and regulation authorities around the world dispatch the necessity of recalibration the financial and banking system. Because of the bailouts in the financial and banking sectors beyond the failure of hedge funds, mortgage bonds and the collapse of Lehman Brothers, specialists around the world looked at the necessity to underwrite the regulation and supervision frameworks. The Basel III Agreement, developed by the...

  18. Enforcing Conditionality: Human Rights and Preferential Trade Agreements

    OpenAIRE

    Kingsley, Victoria Ruth

    2014-01-01

    Whether human rights can be promoted and promulgated with persuasion or coercion has been much debated in the literature. But coercive measures, such as economic sanctions, for human rights purposes are often viewed with skepticism because of their inconsistent use and application. Against this backdrop, some economically dominant states have been increasingly attaching social clauses to trade agreements. These clauses stipulate standards that must be upheld if the beneficiary state is to con...

  19. Key Agreement Protocol Using Elliptic Curve Matrix Power Function

    OpenAIRE

    Katvickis, Artūras; Vitkus, Paulius

    2008-01-01

    * Work is partially supported by the Lithuanian State Science and Studies Foundation. The key agreement protocol (KAP) using elliptic curve matrix power function is presented. This function pretends be a one-way function since its inversion is related with bilinear equation solution over elliptic curve group. The matrix of elliptic curve points is multiplied from left and right by two matrices with entries in Zn. Some preliminary security considerations are presented.

  20. A Note on Free Trade Agreement and Wage Bargaining Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Riyanto, Yohanes E.; Jung Hur

    2004-01-01

    Mezzeti and Dinopoulos (1991) show that a free trade agreement (trade liberalization) decreases wage rate. However, Naylor (1998) shows that trade liberalization increases wage rate. Both papers consider tariff as exogenously given. In this paper we show that these conflicting results can be nested into a model of international duopoly with a more general wage bargaining structure. Tariff is endogenously determined in our model. In addition, we also derive crucial implications of the wage bar...