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Sample records for agilent expression chip

  1. Evaluating annotations of an Agilent expression chip suggests that many features cannot be interpreted

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ried Thomas

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background While attempting to reanalyze published data from Agilent 4 × 44 human expression chips, we found that some of the 60-mer olignucleotide features could not be interpreted as representing single human genes. For example, some of the oligonucleotides align with the transcripts of more than one gene. We decided to check the annotations for all autosomes and the X chromosome systematically using bioinformatics methods. Results Out of 42683 reporters, we found that 25505 (60% passed all our tests and are considered "fully valid". 9964 (23% reporters did not have a meaningful identifier, mapped to the wrong chromosome, or did not pass basic alignment tests preventing us from correlating the expression values of these reporters with a unique annotated human gene. The remaining 7214 (17% reporters could be associated with either a unique gene or a unique intergenic location, but could not be mapped to a transcript in RefSeq. The 7214 reporters are further partitioned into three different levels of validity. Conclusion Expression array studies should evaluate the annotations of reporters and remove those reporters that have suspect annotations. This evaluation can be done systematically and semi-automatically, but one must recognize that data sources are frequently updated leading to slightly changing validation results over time.

  2. Agile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Jay Phillip

    2013-01-01

    This is based on a previous talk on agile development. Methods for delivering software on a short cycle are described, including interactions with the customer, the affect on the team, and how to be more effective, streamlined and efficient.

  3. The characterization of four gene expression analysis in circulating tumor cells made by Multiplex-PCR from the AdnaTest kit on the lab-on-a-chip Agilent DNA 1000 platform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Škereňová, Markéta; Mikulová, Veronika; Čapoun, Otakar; Zima, Tomáš

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Nowadays, on-a-chip capillary electrophoresis is a routine method for the detection of PCR fragments. The Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer was one of the first commercial devices in this field. Our project was designed to study the characteristics of Agilent DNA 1000 kit in PCR fragment analysis as a part of circulating tumour cell (CTC) detection technique. Despite the common use of this kit a complex analysis of the results from a long-term project is still missing. Materials and methods A commercially available Agilent DNA 1000 kit was used as a final step in the CTC detection (AdnaTest) for the determination of the presence of PCR fragments generated by Multiplex PCR. Data from 30 prostate cancer patients obtained during two years of research were analyzed to determine the trueness and precision of the PCR fragment size determination. Additional experiments were performed to demonstrate the precision (repeatability, reproducibility) and robustness of PCR fragment concentration determination. Results The trueness and precision of the size determination was below 3% and 2% respectively. The repeatability of the concentration determination was below 15%. The difference in concentration determination increases when Multiplex-PCR/storage step is added between the two measurements of one sample. Conclusions The characteristics established in our study are in concordance with the manufacturer’s specifications established for a ladder as a sample. However, the concentration determination may vary depending on chip preparation, sample storage and concentration. The 15% variation of concentration determination repeatability was shown to be partly proportional and can be suppressed by proper normalization. PMID:26981024

  4. RisaAligner software for aligning fluorescence data between Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer chips: Application to soil microbial community analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Elisabeth; Fabrègue, Olivier; Scorretti, Riccardo; Reboulet, Jérémy; Simonet, Pascal; Dawson, Lorna; Demanèche, Sandrine

    2015-12-01

    Ribosomal Intergenic Spacer Analysis (RISA) is a high-resolution and highly reproducible fingerprinting technique for discriminating between microbial communities. The community profiles can be visualized using the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer. Comparison between fingerprints relies upon precise estimation of all amplified DNA fragment lengths; however, size standard computation can vary between gel runs. For complex samples such as soil microbial communities, discrimination by fragment size is not always sufficient. In such cases, the comparison of whole fluorescence data as a function of time (electrophoregrams) is more appropriate. When electrophoregrams [fluorescence = f (time)] are used, and more than one chip is involved, electrophoregram comparisons are challenging due to experimental variations between chips and the lack of correction by the Agilent software in such situations. Here we present RisaAligner software for analyzing and comparing electrophoregrams from Agilent chips using a nonlinear ladder-alignment algorithm. We demonstrate the robustness and substantial improvement of data analysis by analyzing soil microbial profiles obtained with Agilent DNA 1000 and High Sensitivity chips.

  5. Expression and significance of CHIP in canine mammary gland tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huanan; Yang, Xu; Jin, Yipeng; Pei, Shimin; Zhang, Di; Ma, Wen; Huang, Jian; Qiu, Hengbin; Zhang, Xinke; Jiang, Qiuyue; Sun, Weidong; Zhang, Hong; Lin, Degui

    2015-11-01

    CHIP (Carboxy terminus of Hsc70 Interacting Protein) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that can induce ubiquitination and degradation of several oncogenic proteins. The expression of CHIP is frequently lower in human breast cancer than in normal breast tissue. However, the expression and role of CHIP in the canine mammary gland tumor (CMGT) remain unclear. We investigated the potential correlation between CHIP expression and mammary gland tumor prognosis in female dogs. CHIP expression was measured in 54 dogs by immunohistochemistry and real-time RT-PCR. CHIP protein expression was significantly correlated with the histopathological diagnosis, outcome of disease and tumor classification. The transcriptional level of CHIP was significantly higher in normal tissues (P=0.001) and benign tumors (P=0.009) than it in malignant tumors. CHIP protein expression was significantly correlated with the transcriptional level of CHIP (P=0.0102). The log-rank test survival curves indicated that patients with low expression of CHIP had shorter overall periods of survival than those with higher CHIP protein expression (P=0.050). Our data suggest that CHIP may play an important role in the formation and development of CMGTs and serve as a valuable prognostic marker and potential target for genetic therapy.

  6. Error, reproducibility and sensitivity: a pipeline for data processing of Agilent oligonucleotide expression arrays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Posch Wilfried

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Expression microarrays are increasingly used to obtain large scale transcriptomic information on a wide range of biological samples. Nevertheless, there is still much debate on the best ways to process data, to design experiments and analyse the output. Furthermore, many of the more sophisticated mathematical approaches to data analysis in the literature remain inaccessible to much of the biological research community. In this study we examine ways of extracting and analysing a large data set obtained using the Agilent long oligonucleotide transcriptomics platform, applied to a set of human macrophage and dendritic cell samples. Results We describe and validate a series of data extraction, transformation and normalisation steps which are implemented via a new R function. Analysis of replicate normalised reference data demonstrate that intrarray variability is small (only around 2% of the mean log signal, while interarray variability from replicate array measurements has a standard deviation (SD of around 0.5 log2 units ( 6% of mean. The common practise of working with ratios of Cy5/Cy3 signal offers little further improvement in terms of reducing error. Comparison to expression data obtained using Arabidopsis samples demonstrates that the large number of genes in each sample showing a low level of transcription reflect the real complexity of the cellular transcriptome. Multidimensional scaling is used to show that the processed data identifies an underlying structure which reflect some of the key biological variables which define the data set. This structure is robust, allowing reliable comparison of samples collected over a number of years and collected by a variety of operators. Conclusions This study outlines a robust and easily implemented pipeline for extracting, transforming normalising and visualising transcriptomic array data from Agilent expression platform. The analysis is used to obtain quantitative estimates of

  7. Positioning Agility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oza, Nilay; Abrahamsson, Pekka; Conboy, Kieran

    Agile methods are increasingly adopted by European companies. Academics too are conducting numerous studies on different tenets of agile methods. Companies often feel proud in marketing themselves as ‘agile’. However, the true notion of ‘being agile’ seems to have been overlooked due to lack of positioning of oneself for agility. This raises a call for more research and interactions between academia and the industry. The proposed workshop refers to this call. It will be highly relevant to participants, interested in positioning their company’s agility from organizational, group or project perspectives. The positioning of agility will help companies to better align their agile practices with stakeholder values. Results of the workshop will be shared across participants and they will also have opportunity to continue their work on agile positioning in their companies. At broader level, the work done in this workshop will contribute towards developing Agile Positioning System.

  8. "Hook"-calibration of GeneChip-microarrays: Chip characteristics and expression measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krohn Knut

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray experiments rely on several critical steps that may introduce biases and uncertainty in downstream analyses. These steps include mRNA sample extraction, amplification and labelling, hybridization, and scanning causing chip-specific systematic variations on the raw intensity level. Also the chosen array-type and the up-to-dateness of the genomic information probed on the chip affect the quality of the expression measures. In the accompanying publication we presented theory and algorithm of the so-called hook method which aims at correcting expression data for systematic biases using a series of new chip characteristics. Results In this publication we summarize the essential chip characteristics provided by this method, analyze special benchmark experiments to estimate transcript related expression measures and illustrate the potency of the method to detect and to quantify the quality of a particular hybridization. It is shown that our single-chip approach provides expression measures responding linearly on changes of the transcript concentration over three orders of magnitude. In addition, the method calculates a detection call judging the relation between the signal and the detection limit of the particular measurement. The performance of the method in the context of different chip generations and probe set assignments is illustrated. The hook method characterizes the RNA-quality in terms of the 3'/5'-amplification bias and the sample-specific calling rate. We show that the proper judgement of these effects requires the disentanglement of non-specific and specific hybridization which, otherwise, can lead to misinterpretations of expression changes. The consequences of modifying probe/target interactions by either changing the labelling protocol or by substituting RNA by DNA targets are demonstrated. Conclusion The single-chip based hook-method provides accurate expression estimates and chip-summary characteristics

  9. Peach: A Multicore Communication System on Chip with PCI Express

    OpenAIRE

    Otani, Sugako; Kondo, Hiroyuki; Nonomura, Itaru; Hanawa, Toshihiro; Miura, Shin'ichi; Boku, Taisuke

    2011-01-01

    The PCI Express Adaptive Communication Hub (Peach) is an eight-core communication system on chip with four PCI Express Revision 2.0 ports, each with four lanes. Peach realizes a high-performance, power-aware, highly dependable network that uses PCI Express not only for connecting peripheral devices but also as a communication link between computing nodes. This approach opens up new possibilities for a range of communications.

  10. A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Aguirre von Wobeser; J. Huisman; B. Ibelings; H.C.P. Matthijs

    2005-01-01

    A newly designed 45 to 60 mer oligonucleotide Agilent platform microarray for global gene expression studies of Synechocystis PCC6803: example salt stress experiment Eneas Aguirre-von-Wobeser 1, Jef Huisman1, Bas Ibelings2 and Hans C.P. Matthijs1 1 Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherla

  11. Agile attitude

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Nis; Eriksen, Kaare; Tollestrup, Christian

    2011-01-01

    analysis of the methods through four scopes, including their application spectrum, level of guidance, process coverage and project management capabilities. Based on the analysis, it is argued that agile methods are able to offer design students the tools for bridging the gap between the software......Motivated by the growing number of hybrid products with extensive software and service components, this paper reviews four representative agile methods from the domain of software for their applicability to both the industrial design education and practice. The review is based on a comparative...

  12. Agile Contracts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2014-01-01

    When you have stable and non-ambiguous requirements then a classic contract for IS between a supplier and a public sector institution based on a requirements specification may be well suited. However, if you have to accept many changes or have ambiguous requirements then you may end up...... with “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how...... to implement a fixed budget and resources contract in the public sector. The guideline includes elements to cope with challenges in a tender process such as transparency, criteria for supplier selection, and live assessment of resource skills and capabilities, as well as achieving the flexibility for change...

  13. Towards Agile Language Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Sadilek, Daniel A.; Scheidgen, Markus; Wachsmuth, Guido; Weißleder, Stephan

    2009-01-01

    Language engineering is software engineering concerned with computer languages. Agile language engineering is the result of adapting agile principles to language engineering. An agile language engineering process is geared to ever changing requirements and fosters higher language quality, software quality, and developer productivity. It provides short iteration cycles, intensive user integration, control over frequent changes, and continuous delivery of valuable language tools. In this...

  14. Agile risk management

    CERN Document Server

    Moran, Alan

    2014-01-01

    This work is the definitive guide for IT managers and agile practitioners. It elucidates the principles of agile risk management and how these relate to individual projects. Explained in clear and concise terms, this synthesis of project risk management and agile techniques is illustrated using the major methodologies such as XP, Scrum and DSDM.Although the agile community frequently cites risk management, research suggests that risk is often narrowly defined and, at best, implicitly treated, which in turn leads to an inability to make informed decisions concerning risk and reward and a poor u

  15. Agile software development

    CERN Document Server

    Stober, Thomas

    2009-01-01

    Software Development is moving towards a more agile and more flexible approach. It turns out that the traditional 'waterfall' model is not supportive in an environment where technical, financial and strategic constraints are changing almost every day. But what is agility? What are today's major approaches? And especially: What is the impact of agile development principles on the development teams, on project management and on software architects? How can large enterprises become more agile and improve their business processes, which have been existing since many, many years? What are the limit

  16. Detection of gene expression pattern in the early stage after spinal cord injury by gene chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘成龙; 靳安民; 童斌辉

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To study the changes of the gene expression pattern of spinal cord tissues in the early stage after injury by DNA microarray (gene chip). Methods: The contusion model of rat spinal cord was established according to Allen's falling strike method and the gene expression patterns of normal and injured spinal cord tissues were studied by gene chip. Results: The expression of 45 genes was significantly changed in the early stage after spinal cord injury, in which 22 genes up-regulated and 23 genes down-regulated. Conclusions: The expression of some genes changes significantly in the early stage after spinal cord injury, which indicates the complexity of secondary spinal cord injury.

  17. Agile Methodology in Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Zajíčkovský, Michal

    2014-01-01

    This thesis focuses on agile attitudes in project management. The aim of the thesis is to propose and design appropriate tools of traditional project management in the field of agile methods in order to create a compromise solution between traditional and agile attitude that would increase trust in agile methods in companies that nowadays prefers traditional project management. The thesis consists of the Agile Manifesto fundamentals and principles, history of agile attitude and principles of ...

  18. Patterns for agility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Iacob, M.E.; Lankhorst, M.M.; Schrier, A.; Lankhorst, M.

    2012-01-01

    The use of patterns is an important practice in the agile software development community. There are many sources for patterns. In this chapter, we will examine several pattern collections and explore their potential contribution to system agility. We illustrate our pattern approach by a detailed exa

  19. Agility Into Victory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juhlin, Jonas Alastair

    This paper will investigate how the three core concepts of command and control agility can increase the chance for a successful outcome in military operations and what elements that should be strengthen within a military organization in order to achieve an agile approach to command and control. T...

  20. Agile Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biju, Soly Mathew

    2008-01-01

    Many software development firms are now adopting the agile software development method. This method involves the customer at every level of software development, thus reducing the impact of change in the requirement at a later stage. In this article, the principles of the agile method for software development are explored and there is a focus on…

  1. Agile project management. A case study on agile practices

    OpenAIRE

    Henriksen, André

    2016-01-01

    In project management and particularly software project management, there has been a shift from traditional plan based project management to the agile event driven project management style. Agile project management has for some time been viewed as the new big change that will revolutionize the software industry. The concept of agile has been around for some time, and although knowledge and usage are increasing, agile is not always the answer. Understanding when to use agile and which succ...

  2. Agile distributed software development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Mathiassen, Lars; Aaen, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    While face-to-face interaction is fundamental in agile software development, distributed environments must rely extensively on mediated interactions. Practicing agile principles in distributed environments therefore poses particular control challenges related to balancing fixed vs. evolving quality...... requirements and people vs. process-based collaboration. To investigate these challenges, we conducted an in-depth case study of a successful agile distributed software project with participants from a Russian firm and a Danish firm. Applying Kirsch’s elements of control framework, we offer an analysis of how...

  3. Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart, Rhonda

    2009-01-01

    One of the most noticeable changes to software process thinking in the last ten years has been the appearance of the word ‘agile’ (Fowler, 2005). In the Information Technology (IT) industry Agile Software Development, or simply Agile is used to refer to a family of lightweight development approaches that share a common set of values and principles1 focused around adapting to change and putting people first (Fowler, 2005). Such Agile methods2 provide an alternative to the well-established Wate...

  4. Agile IT Security Implementation Methodology

    CERN Document Server

    Laskowski, Jeff

    2011-01-01

    The book is a tutorial that goes from basic to professional level for Agile IT security. It begins by assuming little knowledge of agile security. Readers should hold a good knowledge of security methods and agile development. The book is targeted at IT security managers, directors, and architects. It is useful for anyone responsible for the deployment of IT security countermeasures. Security people with a strong knowledge of agile software development will find this book to be a good review of agile concepts.

  5. Software Testing in Agile Methodologies

    OpenAIRE

    Blažková, Tereza

    2013-01-01

    Agile methodologies become more popular. Companies increasingly look to involve at least some agile elements to their development processes that help to improve their "traditional" process and if properly applied, can provide faster delivery and better final product. This bachelor's study deals with software testing particularly in the context of agile methodologies. As all agile methodologies built on the same foundation called Manifesto for Agile Software Development there are initially def...

  6. How does agility ensure quality?

    OpenAIRE

    Huo, Ming; Verner, June; Ali Babar, Muhammad; Zhu, Liming

    2004-01-01

    peer-reviewed Software quality is one of our most important software concerns. Agile methods may produce software faster but we also need to know how they meet our quality requirements. In this paper we compare the waterfall model with agile processes to show how agile methods achieve software quality. We also show how agile methods attain quality under time pressure and in an unstable requirements environment, i.e. we analyze agile software quality assurance. We ...

  7. Adopting to Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Linkevics Gusts

    2014-01-01

    Agile software development can be made successful, but there is no well-defined way how to achieve this. The problem is that the successful adoption of agile methods and practices is a complex process and this process should be customizable for a particular organization or a team. This research focuses on identification of agile methods and practices. Result of the research is the ranking of agile methods, practices and their usage trends. As some terms of agile software development are inter...

  8. Improving Agile Software Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjørnehøj, Gitte

    2006-01-01

    Software process improvement in small and agile organizations is often problematic, but achieving good SPI-assessments can still be necessary to stay in the marked or to meet demands of multinational owners. The traditional norm driven, centralized and control centered improvement approaches has...... agile and innovative, while striving for certification according to traditional rational SPI norms? This paper reports from a action research project in a small agile Danish firm (Techsoft) conducting a improvement initiative. The firm had just been met by the demand for a CMMI level-3 certification...... from their new multinational owners. In the project we experimented to reach a less centralized and control centered SPI approach trying to meet the agile culture of the firm both within diagnosing, improvement planning, process design and evaluation eventhough the goal was applying to the norm. After...

  9. Trust in agile teams

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjørnehøj, Gitte; Fransgård, Mette; Skalkam, Signe

    2012-01-01

    of the problems of DSD. However important incompatibilities between the challenges of DSD and the key tenets of agility exist and achieving a beneficially balanced agile practice in DSD can be difficult. Trust could be the key to this, since trust is crucial for the necessary corporate behavior that leads to team...... success. This article reports from a study of two agile DSD teams with very different organization and collaboration patterns. It addresses the role of trust and distrust in DSD by analyzing how the team members’ trust developed and erode through the lifetime of the two collaborations and how management...... actions influenced this. We see two important lessons from the analysis. First the agile practices of daily Scrum and self organizing team can empower DSD teams to manage their own development of trust and thereby alleviate the obstacles of DSD. Second if management fails to support the development...

  10. THE AGILE METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charul Deewan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The technologies are numerous and Software is the one whichis most widely used. Some companies have their owncustomized methodology for developing their software but themajority speaks about two kinds of methodologies: Traditionaland Agile methodologies. In this paper, we will discuss someof the aspects of what Agile methodology is, how it can beused to get the best result from a project, how do we get it towork in an organization.

  11. Generalized Agile Estimation Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shilpa Bahlerao

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile cost estimation process always possesses research prospects due to lack of algorithmic approaches for estimating cost, size and duration. Existing algorithmic approach i.e. Constructive Agile Estimation Algorithm (CAEA is an iterative estimation method that incorporates various vital factors affecting the estimates of the project. This method has lots of advantages but at the same time has some limitations also. These limitations may due to some factors such as number of vital factors and uncertainty involved in agile projects etc. However, a generalized agile estimation may generate realistic estimates and eliminates the need of experts. In this paper, we have proposed iterative Generalized Estimation Method (GEM and presented algorithm based on it for agile with case studies. GEM  based algorithm various project domain classes and vital factors with prioritization level. Further, it incorporates uncertainty factor to quantify the risk of project for estimating cost, size and duration. It also provides flexibility to project managers for deciding on number of vital factors, uncertainty level and project domains thereby maintaining the agility.

  12. The GENOTEND chip: a new tool to analyse gene expression in muscles of beef cattle for beef quality prediction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hocquette Jean-Francois

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous research programmes have described muscle biochemical traits and gene expression levels associated with beef tenderness. One of our results concerning the DNAJA1 gene (an Hsp40 was patented. This study aims to confirm the relationships previously identified between two gene families (heat shock proteins and energy metabolism and beef quality. Results We developed an Agilent chip with specific probes for bovine muscular genes. More than 3000 genes involved in muscle biology or meat quality were selected from genetic, proteomic or transcriptomic studies, or from scientific publications. As far as possible, several probes were used for each gene (e.g. 17 probes for DNAJA1. RNA from Longissimus thoracis muscle samples was hybridised on the chips. Muscles samples were from four groups of Charolais cattle: two groups of young bulls and two groups of steers slaughtered in two different years. Principal component analysis, simple correlation of gene expression levels with tenderness scores, and then multiple regression analysis provided the means to detect the genes within two families (heat shock proteins and energy metabolism which were the most associated with beef tenderness. For the 25 Charolais young bulls slaughtered in year 1, expression levels of DNAJA1 and other genes of the HSP family were related to the initial or overall beef tenderness. Similarly, expression levels of genes involved in fat or energy metabolism were related with the initial or overall beef tenderness but in the year 1 and year 2 groups of young bulls only. Generally, the genes individually correlated with tenderness are not consistent across genders and years indicating the strong influence of rearing conditions on muscle characteristics related to beef quality. However, a group of HSP genes, which explained about 40% of the variability in tenderness in the group of 25 young bulls slaughtered in year 1 (considered as the reference group, was

  13. Agile anywhere essays on agile projects and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Hazzan, Orit

    2014-01-01

    The message conveyed in this work is that agility can be implemented anywhere. Accordingly, ten guidelines are presented for the adoption of agility to enable us to cope with changes in our lives, in our teams, and in our organizations. Since the authors advocate agility, the content is presented in the form of concise standalone chapters, allowing the reader to focus on the specific topic they wish to adopt in order to become agile.

  14. CHIP buffers heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels to prevent augmentation of anticancer drug-resistant cell population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuchiya, M; Nakajima, Y; Waku, T; Hiyoshi, H; Morishita, T; Furumai, R; Hayashi, Y; Kishimoto, H; Kimura, K; Yanagisawa, J

    2015-08-27

    Many types of cancer display heterogeneity in various features, including gene expression and malignant potential. This heterogeneity is associated with drug resistance and cancer progression. Recent studies have shown that the expression of a major protein quality control ubiquitin ligase, carboxyl terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein (CHIP), is negatively correlated with breast cancer clinicopathological stages and poor overall survival. Here we show that CHIP acts as a capacitor of heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels and prevents an increase in the anticancer drug-resistant population in breast cancer cells. CHIP knockdown in breast cancer cells increased variation in Bcl-2 expression levels, an antiapoptotic protein, among the cells. Our results also showed that CHIP knockdown increased the proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells. These findings suggest that CHIP buffers variation in gene expression levels, affecting resistance to anticancer drugs. In single-cell clones derived from breast cancer cell lines, CHIP knockdown did not alter the variation in Bcl-2 expression levels and the proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells. In contrast, when clonal cells were treated with a mutagen, the variation in Bcl-2 expression levels and proportion of anticancer drug-resistant cells were altered by CHIP knockdown. These results suggest that CHIP masks genetic variations to suppress heterogeneous Bcl-2 expression levels and prevents augmentation of the anticancer drug-resistant population of breast cancer cells. Because genetic variation is a major driver of heterogeneity, our results suggest that the degree of heterogeneity in expression levels is decided by a balance between genetic variation and the buffering capacity of CHIP.

  15. Adopting to Agile Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linkevics Gusts

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development can be made successful, but there is no well-defined way how to achieve this. The problem is that the successful adoption of agile methods and practices is a complex process and this process should be customizable for a particular organization or a team. This research focuses on identification of agile methods and practices. Result of the research is the ranking of agile methods, practices and their usage trends. As some terms of agile software development are interpreted differently in different organizations and teams, terminology used is analyzed. Results of the research can be used as a reference material for those who are planning to adopt agile methods or are looking for the next agile practice to implement. Results will be used for the development of an expert system to support agile adoption.

  16. Investigation of the effect of ionizing radiation on gene expression variation by the 'DNA chips': feasibility of a biological dosimeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After having described the different biological effects of ionizing radiation and the different approaches to biological dosimetry, and introduced 'DNA chips' or DNA micro-arrays, the author reports the characterization of gene expression variations in the response of cells to a gamma irradiation. Both main aspects of the use DNA chips are investigated: fundamental research and diagnosis. This research thesis thus proposes an analysis of the effect of ionizing radiation using DNA chips, notably by comparing gene expression modifications measured in mouse irradiated lung, heart and kidney. It reports a feasibility study of bio-dosimeter based on expression profiles

  17. Software quality and agile methods

    OpenAIRE

    Huo, Ming; Verner, June; Zhu, Liming; Ali Babar, Muhammad

    2004-01-01

    peer-reviewed Agile methods may produce software faster but we also need to know how they meet our quality requirements. In this paper we compare the waterfall model with agile processes to show how agile methods achieve software quality under time pressure and in an unstable requirements environment, i.e. we analyze agile software quality assurance. We present a detailed waterfall model showing its software quality support processes. We then show the quality pra...

  18. Software Development: Agile vs. Traditional

    OpenAIRE

    Marian STOICA; Marinela MIRCEA; Bogdan GHILIC-MICU

    2013-01-01

    Organizations face the need to adapt themselves to a complex business environment, in continuous change and transformation. Under these circumstances, organization agility is a key element in gaining strategic advantages and market success. Achieving and maintaining agility requires agile architectures, techniques, methods and tools, able to react in real time to change requirements. This paper proposes an incursion in the software development, from traditional to agile.

  19. Software Development: Agile vs. Traditional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian STOICA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizations face the need to adapt themselves to a complex business environment, in continuous change and transformation. Under these circumstances, organization agility is a key element in gaining strategic advantages and market success. Achieving and maintaining agility requires agile architectures, techniques, methods and tools, able to react in real time to change requirements. This paper proposes an incursion in the software development, from traditional to agile.

  20. Agile software development

    CERN Document Server

    Dingsoyr, Torgeir; Moe, Nils Brede

    2010-01-01

    Agile software development has become an umbrella term for a number of changes in how software developers plan and coordinate their work, how they communicate with customers and external stakeholders, and how software development is organized in small, medium, and large companies, from the telecom and healthcare sectors to games and interactive media. Still, after a decade of research, agile software development is the source of continued debate due to its multifaceted nature and insufficient synthesis of research results. Dingsoyr, Dyba, and Moe now present a comprehensive snapshot of the kno

  1. Difference of Gene Expression Profiles between Barrett's Esophagus and Cardia Intestinal Metaplasia by Gene Chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHANG Ying; LIU Bin

    2006-01-01

    The difference of gene expression profile changes in Barrettes esophagus (BE) and cardia intestinal metaplasia (CIM) epithelium was studied and the novel associated genes were screened in the early stage by cDNA microarray. The cDNA retro-transcribed from equal quantity mRNA from BE and CIM epithelial tissues were labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 fluorescence as probes. The mixed probe was hybridized with three pieces BiostarH-40s double dot human whole gene chip. The chips were scanned with a ScanArray 4000. The acquired images were analyzed using GenePix Pro 3.0 software. It was found a total of 141 genes were screened out that exhibited differentially expression more than 2 times in all three chips. It was identified that in gene expression profiles of BE, 74 genes were up-regulated and 67 down-regulated as compared with CIM. The comparison between the difference of gene expression profile changes in BE and CIM epithelia revealed that there existed the difference between BE and CIM at gene level. 141 genes with the expression more than two time were probably related to the occurrence and development of BE and the promotion or progress in adenocarcinoma.

  2. 'Fluorescent Cell Chip' for immunotoxicity testing: Development of the c-fos expression reporter cell lines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fluorescent Cell Chip for in vitro immunotoxicity testing employs cell lines derived from lymphocytes, mast cells, and monocytes-macrophages transfected with various EGFP cytokine reporter gene constructs. While cytokine expression is a valid endpoint for in vitro immunotoxicity screening, additional marker for the immediate-early response gene expression level could be of interest for further development and refinement of the Fluorescent Cell Chip. We have used BW.5147.3 murine thymoma transfected with c-fos reporter constructs to obtain reporter cell lines expressing ECFP under the control of murine c-fos promoter. These cells upon serum withdrawal and readdition and incubation with heavy metal compounds showed paralleled induction of c-Fos expression as evidenced by Real-Time PCR and ECFP fluorescence as evidenced by computer-supported fluorescence microscopy. In conclusion, we developed fluorescent reporter cell lines that could be employed in a simple and time-efficient screening assay for possible action of chemicals on c-Fos expression in lymphocytes. The evaluation of usefulness of these cells for the Fluorescent Cell Chip-based detection of immunotoxicity will require additional testing with a larger number of chemicals

  3. Measuring process flexibility and agility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gong, Y.; Janssen, M.

    2010-01-01

    In their attempt to improve their systems and architectures, organizations need to be aware of the types of flexibility and agility and the current level of each type of flexibility and agility. Flexibility is the general ability to react to changes, whilst agility is the speed in responding to vari

  4. An agile implementation of SCRUM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gannon, Michele

    Is Agile a way to cut corners? To some, the use of an Agile Software Development Methodology has a negative connotation - “ Oh, you're just not producing any documentation” . So can a team with no experience in Agile successfully implement and use SCRUM?

  5. Strategic agility for nursing leadership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirey, Maria R

    2015-06-01

    This department highlights change management strategies that may be successful in strategically planning and executing organizational change. In this article, the author discusses strategic agility as an important leadership competency and offers approaches for incorporating strategic agility in healthcare systems. A strategic agility checklist and infrastructure-building approach are presented.

  6. Making Sense of Agile Project Management Balancing Control and Agility

    CERN Document Server

    Cobb, Charles G

    2011-01-01

    The book is intended to provide a much deeper understanding of agile principles, methodologies, and practices to enable project managers to develop a more agile approach and understand how to blend and tailor agile and traditional principles, methodologies, and practices to create an appropriate balance of control and agility to fit a business environment as well as the risks and complexities of any individual project.  The book will also provide business managers and leaders an understanding of how to fit agile methodologies into an overall business strategy that provides the right balan

  7. Assessing the value of an agile coach in agile method adoption

    OpenAIRE

    O'Connor, Rory V.; Duckonova, Natalia

    2014-01-01

    peer-reviewed This paper explores the value of Agile Coaching for companies adopting agile methods.in order to assist those who are adopting agile methods to decide on using or not using an Agile Coach by examining the value they can bring to companies adopting agile methods. In our research we surveyed three distinct groups: companies that used an Agile Coach for agile adoption, companies that adopted agile on their own and Agile Coaches themselves without the help of an...

  8. Creating IT agility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, John

    2008-04-01

    Seven steps healthcare organizations can take to improve IT agility are: Pay attention to the capabilities of IT applications. Establish short project phases. Stage the release of capital and new IT positions. Cross-train IT staff. Adopt technology standards. Shorten IT plan time horizons. Align IT with organizational strategies and priorities.

  9. AffyMiner: mining differentially expressed genes and biological knowledge in GeneChip microarray data

    OpenAIRE

    Xia Yuannan; Nguyen The V; Lu Guoqing; Fromm Michael

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background DNA microarrays are a powerful tool for monitoring the expression of tens of thousands of genes simultaneously. With the advance of microarray technology, the challenge issue becomes how to analyze a large amount of microarray data and make biological sense of them. Affymetrix GeneChips are widely used microarrays, where a variety of statistical algorithms have been explored and used for detecting significant genes in the experiment. These methods rely solely on the quanti...

  10. Agile Project Portfolio Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jesper Rank; Riis, Jens Ove; Mikkelsen, Hans

    2005-01-01

    This paper will provide a preliminary introduction to the application of Agile Thinking in management of project portfolio and company development. At any point in time, companies have a crowd of development initiatives spread around the organisation and managed at different levels...... in the managerial hierarchy. They compete for resources and managerial attention, and they often take too long time - and some do not survive in the rapid changing context. Top man¬agers ask for speed, flexibility and effectiveness in the portfolio of development activities (projects). But which competencies...... are required? Practices observed from empirical studies will demonstrate application of agile elements and will form a basis for developing appropriate elements of a company’s development competencies....

  11. Agile & Distributed Project Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Jan; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2011-01-01

    Scrum has gained surprising momentum as an agile IS project management approach. An obvious question is why Scrum is so useful? To answer that question we carried out a longitudinal study of a distributed project using Scrum. We analyzed the data using coding and categorisation and three carefully...... and coordination mechanisms by allowing both local and global articulation of work in the project. That is why Scrum is especially useful for distributed IS project management and teamwork....

  12. AGILE and blazar studies

    CERN Document Server

    Marisaldi, M; Vercellone, S; Donnarumma, I; Bulgarelli, A; Chen, A W; Giuliani, A; Longo, F; Pacciani, L; Pucella, G; Tavani, M; Vittorini, V

    2009-01-01

    During the first two years of observation, AGILE detected several blazars at high significance: 3C 279, 3C 454.3, PKS 1510-089, S5 0716+714, 3C 273, W Comae, Mrk 421 and PKS 0537-441. We obtained long-term coverage of 3C 454.3, for a total of more than three months at energies above 100 MeV. 3C 273 was the first blazar detected simultaneously by the AGILE gamma-ray detector and by its hard X-ray monitor. S5 0716+714, an intermediate BL Lac object, exhibited a very fast and intense gamma-ray transient during an optical high-state phase, challenging the current theoretical models for energy extraction from a rotating black hole, while W Comae and Mkn 421 were detected during an AGILE Target of Opportunity (ToO) repointing, and were simultaneously detected by Cherenkov telescopes. Thanks to the rapid dissemination of our alerts, we were able to obtain multi-wavelength ToO data from other observatories such as Spitzer, Swift, RXTE, Suzaku, INTEGRAL, MAGIC, VERITAS, as well as radio-to-optical coverage by means of...

  13. Perspectives on Agile Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Steven; Lundh, Erik; Davies, Rachel; Eckstein, Jutta; Larsen, Diana; Vilkki, Kati

    There are many perspectives to agile coaching including: growing coaching expertise, selecting the appropriate coach for your context; and eva luating value. A coach is often an itinerant who may observe, mentor, negotiate, influence, lead, and/or architect everything from team organization to system architecture. With roots in diverse fields ranging from technology to sociology coaches have differing motivations and experience bases. This panel will bring together coaches to debate and discuss various perspectives on agile coaching. Some of the questions to be addressed will include: What are the skills required for effective coaching? What should be the expectations for teams or individu als being coached? Should coaches be: a corporate resource (internal team of consultants working with multiple internal teams); an integral part of a specific team; or external contractors? How should coaches exercise influence and au thority? How should management assess the value of a coaching engagement? Do you have what it takes to be a coach? - This panel will bring together sea soned agile coaches to offer their experience and advice on how to be the best you can be!

  14. THE GENE EXPRESSION PROFILE OF HIGHLY METASTATIC HUMAN OVARIAN CANCER CELL LINE BY GENE CHIP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕桂泉; 许沈华; 牟瀚舟; 朱赤红; 羊正炎; 高永良; 楼洪坤; 刘祥麟; 杨文; 程勇

    2001-01-01

    To study the gene expression of high metastatic human ovarian carcinoma cell line (HO-8910PM) and to screen for novel metastasis- associated genes by cDNA microarray. Methods: The cDNA was retro-transcribed from equal quantity mRNA derived from tissues of highly metastatic ovarian carcinoma cell line and normal ovarian, and was labeled with Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescence as probes. The mixed probes were hybridized with BioDoor 4096 double dot human whole gene chip. The chip was scanned by scanArray 3000 laser scanner. The acquired image was analyzed by ImaGene 3.0 software. Results: By applying the cDNA microarray we found: A total of 323 genes whose expression level were 3 times higher or lower in HO-8910PM cell than normal ovarian epithelium cell were screened out, with 71 higher and 252 lower respectively. Among these 10 were new genes. 67 genes showed expression difference bigger than 6 times between HO-8910PM cell and normal ovarian epithelium cell, among these genes 12 were higher, 55 lower, and two new genes were found. Conclusion: cDNA microarray technique is effective in screening the differentially expressed genes between human ovarian cancer cell line (HO-8910PM) and normal ovarian epithelium cell. Using the cDNA microarray to analyze of human ovarian cancer cell line gene expression profile difference will help the gene diagnosis, treatment and protection.

  15. User-Centered Agile Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Beyer, Hugh

    2010-01-01

    With the introduction and popularization of Agile methods of software development, existing relationships and working agreements between user experience groups and developers are being disrupted. Agile methods introduce new concepts: the Product Owner, the Customer (but not the user), short iterations, User Stories. Where do UX professionals fit in this new world? Agile methods also bring a new mindset -- no big design, no specifications, minimal planning -- which conflict with the needs of UX design. This lecture discusses the key elements of Agile for the UX community and describes strategie

  16. Agile Project Management For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Layton, Mark C

    2012-01-01

    Be flexible and faster with Agile project management As mobile and web technologies continue to evolve rapidly, there is added pressure to develop and implement software projects in weeks instead of months. Agile Project Management For Dummies can make that happen. This is the first book to provide a simple, step-by-step guide to Agile Project Management approaches, tools, and techniques. With the fast pace of mobile and web technology development, software project development must keep pace; Agile Project Management enables developers to complete and implement projects more quickly and this b

  17. Agile foundations principles, practices and frameworks

    CERN Document Server

    Measey, Peter; Gray, Alex; Levy, Richard; Oliver, Les; Roberts, Barbara; Short, Michael; Wilmshurst, Darren; Wolf, Lazaro

    2015-01-01

    Agile practices transform the way organisations carry out business and respond to change. But to realise success, an Agile mindset needs to be adopted throughout an organisation. This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Agile principles and methodologies.

  18. Agile BI – The Future of BI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela MUNTEAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In a rapidly changing economy, Business Intelligence solutions have to become more agile. This paper attempts to discuss some questions which help in creating an agile BI solution such as: What is Agile? Why agile is so well suited for BI? Which are the key elements that promote an agile BI solution? Also, this paper briefly looks at technologies that can be used for enabling an agile BI solution.

  19. Testing agile requirements models

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BOTASCHANJANJewgenij; PISTERMarkus; RUMPEBernhard

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses a model-based approach to validate software requirements in agile development processes by simulation and in particular automated testing. The use of models as central development artifact needs to be added to the portfolio of software engineering techniques, to further increase efficiency and flexibility of the development beginning already early in the requirements definition phase. Testing requirements are some of the most important techniques to give feedback and to increase the quality of the result. Therefore testing of artifacts should be introduced as early as possible, even in the requirements definition phase.

  20. Agile infrastructure monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the present time, data centres are facing a massive rise in virtualisation and cloud computing. The Agile Infrastructure (AI) project is working to deliver new solutions to ease the management of CERN data centres. Part of the solution consists in a new 'shared monitoring architecture' which collects and manages monitoring data from all data centre resources. In this article, we present the building blocks of this new monitoring architecture, the different open source technologies selected for each architecture layer, and how we are building a community around this common effort.

  1. Agile Infrastructure Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade, P.; Ascenso, J.; Fedorko, I.; Fiorini, B.; Paladin, M.; Pigueiras, L.; Santos, M.

    2014-06-01

    At the present time, data centres are facing a massive rise in virtualisation and cloud computing. The Agile Infrastructure (AI) project is working to deliver new solutions to ease the management of CERN data centres. Part of the solution consists in a new "shared monitoring architecture" which collects and manages monitoring data from all data centre resources. In this article, we present the building blocks of this new monitoring architecture, the different open source technologies selected for each architecture layer, and how we are building a community around this common effort.

  2. The Agility Imperative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mitchell, Dr. William

    War fighting in the 21st century and the information age is more about the speed of learning than it is about the speed of reloading. Granted, this simplistic understanding of modern warfare is enticingly suggestive in that it appears to focus on something more than just destruction. The notion...... in information transfer that has affected how humans fundamentally organise and develop ideas. The military cannot avoid the impact of these developments and the challenges they present. By the end of 2013 the agility imperative will likely stand out as one of the defining characteristics necessary for military...

  3. Limitations of Agile Software Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Turk, Dan; France, Robert; Rumpe, Bernhard

    2014-01-01

    Software developers and project managers are struggling to assess the appropriateness of agile processes to their development environments. This paper identifies limitations that apply to many of the published agile processes in terms of the types of projects in which their application may be problematic.

  4. E3 ligase CHIP and Hsc70 regulate Kv1.5 protein expression and function in mammalian cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Peili; Kurata, Yasutaka; Maharani, Nani; Mahati, Endang; Higaki, Katsumi; Hasegawa, Akira; Shirayoshi, Yasuaki; Yoshida, Akio; Kondo, Tatehito; Kurozawa, Youichi; Yamamoto, Kazuhiro; Ninomiya, Haruaki; Hisatome, Ichiro

    2015-09-01

    Kv1.5 confers ultra-rapid delayed-rectifier potassium channel current (IKur) which contributes to repolarization of the atrial action potential. Kv1.5 proteins, degraded via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, decreased in some atrial fibrillation patients. Carboxyl-terminus heat shock cognate 70-interacting protein (CHIP), an E3 ubiquitin ligase, is known to ubiquitinate short-lived proteins. Here, we investigated the roles of CHIP in Kv1.5 degradation to provide insights into the mechanisms of Kv1.5 decreases and treatments targeting Kv1.5 for atrial fibrillation. Coexpression of CHIP with Kv1.5 in HEK293 cells increased Kv1.5 protein ubiquitination and decreased the protein level. Immunofluorescence revealed decreases of Kv1.5 proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and on the cell membrane. A siRNA against CHIP suppressed Kv1.5 protein ubiquitination and increased its protein level. CHIP mutants, lacking either the N-terminal tetratricopeptide region domain or the C-terminal U-box domain, failed to exert these effects on Kv1.5 proteins. Immunoprecipitation showed that CHIP formed complexes with Kv1.5 proteins and heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70). Effects of Hsc70 on Kv1.5 were similar to CHIP by altering interaction of CHIP with Kv1.5 protein. Coexpression of CHIP and Hsc70 with Kv1.5 additionally enhanced Kv1.5 ubiquitination. Kv1.5 currents were decreased by overexpression of CHIP or Hsc70 but were increased by knockdown of CHIP or Hsc70 in HEK 293 cells stably expressing Kv1.5. These effects of CHIP and Hsc70 were also observed on endogenous Kv1.5 in HL-1 mouse cardiomyocytes, decreasing IKur and prolonging action potential duration. These results indicate that CHIP decreases the Kv1.5 protein level and functional channel by facilitating its degradation in concert with chaperone Hsc70.

  5. Gene expression profile differences in gastric cancer, pericancerous epithelium and normal gastric mucosa by gene chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chuan-Ding Yu; Shen-Hua Xu; Hang-Zhou Mou; Zhi-Ming Jiang; Chi-Hong Zhu; Xiang-Lin Liu

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To study the difference of gene expression in gastric cancer (T), pericancerous epithelium (P) and normal tissue of gastric mucosa (C), and to screen an associated novel gene in early gastric carcinogenesis by oligonudeotide microarray.METHODS: U133A (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA) gene chip was used to detect the gene expression profile difference in T, P and C, respectively. Bioinformatics was used to analyze the detected results.RESULTS: When gastric cancer was compared with normal gastric mucosa, 766 genes were found, with a difference of more than four times in expression levels. Of the 766 genes,530 were up-regulated (Signal Log Ratio [SLR]>2), and 236 were down-regulated (SLR<-2). When pericancerous epithelium was compared with normal gastric mucosa, 64genes were found, with a difference of more than four times in expression levels. Of the 64 genes, 50 were up-regulated (SLR>2), and 14 were down-regulated (SLR<-2). Compared with normal gastric mucosa, a total of 143 genes with a difference in expression levels (more than four times, either in cancer or in pericancerous epithelium) were found in gastric cancer (T) and pericancerous epithelium (P). Of the 143 genes, 108 were up-regulated (SLR>2), and 35were down-regulated (SLR<-2).CONCLUSION: To apply a gene chip could find 143 genes associated with the genes of gastric cancer in pericancerous epithelium, although there were no pathological changes in the tissue slices. More interesting, six genes of pericancerous epithelium were up-regulated in comparison with genes of gastric cancer and three genes were down-regulated in comparison with genes of gastric cancer. It is suggested that these genes may be related to the carcinogenesis and development of early gastric cancer.

  6. Developing Agility from a Structured Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继祥; 王俭保

    2001-01-01

    Modeling plays an important role in understanding and implementation of manufacturing system under changing competitive environment. Agile manuincturing is a new pattern of production. It is the issue to identify, analyze and evaluate agility for involved people, information,process and organization. There is no commonly accepted analytical structure. The essence of agility is investigated and a model to develop agility is elucidated.

  7. Agile manufacturing concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Steven L.

    1994-03-01

    The initial conceptualization of agile manufacturing was the result of a 1991 study -- chaired by Lehigh Professor Roger N. Nagel and California-based entrepreneur Rick Dove, President of Paradigm Shifts, International -- of what it would take for U.S. industry to regain global manufacturing competitiveness by the early twenty-first century. This industry-led study, reviewed by senior management at over 100 companies before its release, concluded that incremental improvement of the current system of manufacturing would not be enough to be competitive in today's global marketplace. Computer-based information and production technologies that were becoming available to industry opened up the possibility of an altogether new system of manufacturing, one that would be characterized by a distinctive integration of people and technologies; of management and labor; of customers, producers, suppliers, and society.

  8. An Approach for Agile SOA Development using Agile Principals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majlesi Shahrbanoo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In dynamic and turbulent business environment, the need for success and survival of any organization is the ability of adapting to changes efficiently and cost-effectively. So, for developing software applications, one of the methods is Service Oriented Architecture (SOAmethodology and other is Agile Methodology. Since embracing changes is the indispensable concept of SOA development as well asAgile Development, using an appropriate SOA methodology able to adapt changes even during system development with the preservation of software quality is necessary. In this paper, a new approach consistedof five stepsis presented to add agility to SOA methodologies. This approach, before any SOAbaseddevelopment, helps architect(s to determine Core Business Processes (CBPs by using agile principalsforestablishing Core Architecture. The most important advantage of this approach according to the results of case study is possibility of embracing changes with the preservation of software qualityin SOA developments.

  9. An Approach for Agile SOA Development using Agile Principals

    CERN Document Server

    Shahrbanoo, Majlesi; Mehran, Mohsenzadeh

    2012-01-01

    In dynamic and turbulent business environment, the need for success and survival of any organization is the ability of adapting to changes efficiently and cost-effectively. So, for developing software applications, one of the methods is Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) methodology and other is Agile Methodology. Since embracing changes is the indispensable concept of SOA development as well as Agile Development, using an appropriate SOA methodology able to adapt changes even during system development with the preservation of software quality is necessary. In this paper, a new approach consisted of five steps is presented to add agility to SOA methodologies. This approach, before any SOA-based development, helps architect(s) to determine Core Business Processes (CBPs) by using agile principals for establishing Core Architecture. The most important advantage of this approach according to the results of case study is possibility of embracing changes with the preservation of software quality in SOA development...

  10. Agile Scientists? : Investigating Agile Practices in Scientific Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this master thesis is development of scientific software. The research questions put forth are oriented towards specific agile practices and whether these are present in the development processes of scientific software projects. Moreover, the effects of applying such agile practices, particularly pertaining to the handling of requirements and testing, in scientific software projects are addressed in the thesis. In order to answer the proposed research questions a table consisting...

  11. An Approach for Agile SOA Development using Agile Principals

    OpenAIRE

    Majlesi Shahrbanoo; Mehrpour Ali; Mohsenzadeh Mehran

    2012-01-01

    In dynamic and turbulent business environment, the need for success and survival of any organization is the ability of adapting to changes efficiently and cost-effectively. So, for developing software applications, one of the methods is Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) methodology and other is Agile Methodology. Since embracing changes is the indispensable concept of SOA development as well as Agile Development, using an appropriate SOA methodology able to adapt changes even during system ...

  12. Agile Processes and Methodologies: A Conceptual Study

    OpenAIRE

    Sheetal Sharma; Darothi Sarkar; Divya Gupta

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the comparative study of agile processes. The paper will serve as guide to other software development process models. Agile processes have important applications in the areasof software project management, software schedule management, etc. In particular the aim of agile processes is to satisfy the customer, faster development times with lower defects rate. This paper compares the agile processes with other software development life cycle models. Agile processes are not ...

  13. Agile Software Methodologies: Strength and Weakness

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Adel Hamdan Mohammad; Dr. Tariq Alwada’n; Dr. Jafar "M.Ali" Ababneh

    2013-01-01

    Agile methodologies are great software development methodologies. No doubt that these methodologies have widespread reputation. The core of agile methodologies is people. Customer and each team member in agiledevelopment teams are the key success or failure factor in agile process. In this paper authors demonstrate strength and weakness points in agile methodologies. Also authors demonstrate how strength and weakness factors can affect the overall results of agile development process.

  14. Agile Software Methodologies: Strength and Weakness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Adel Hamdan Mohammad

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Agile methodologies are great software development methodologies. No doubt that these methodologies have widespread reputation. The core of agile methodologies is people. Customer and each team member in agiledevelopment teams are the key success or failure factor in agile process. In this paper authors demonstrate strength and weakness points in agile methodologies. Also authors demonstrate how strength and weakness factors can affect the overall results of agile development process.

  15. Agile Values and Their Implementation in Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Maria Schön; María Escalona; Jörg Thomaschewski

    2015-01-01

    Today agile approaches are often used for the development of digital products. Since their development in the 90s, Agile Methodologies, such as Scrum and Extreme Programming, have evolved. Team collaboration is strongly influenced by the values and principles of the Agile Manifesto. The values and principles described in the Agile Manifesto support the optimization of the development process. In this article, the current operation is analyzed in Agile Product Development Processes. Both, the ...

  16. Opening up the Agile Innovation Process

    OpenAIRE

    Conboy, Kieran; Donnellan, Brian; Morgan, Lorraine; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2010-01-01

    International audience The objective of this panel is to discuss how firms can operate both an open and agile innovation process. In an era of unprecedented changes, companies need to be open and agile in order to adapt rapidly and maximize their innovation processes. Proponents of agile methods claim that one of the main distinctions between agile methods and their traditional bureaucratic counterparts is their drive toward creativity and innovation. However, agile methods are rarely adop...

  17. Elements of an Art - Agile Coaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundh, Erik

    This tutorial gives you a lead on becoming or redefining yourself as an Agile Coach. Introduction to elements and dimensions of state-of-the-art Agile Coaching. How to position the agile coach to be effective in a larger setting. Making the agile transition - from a single team to thousands of people. How to support multiple teams as a coach. How to build a coaches network in your company. Challenges when the agile coach is a consultant and the organization is large.

  18. Improving Global Development Using Agile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avritzer, Alberto; Bronsard, Francois; Matos, Gilberto

    Global development promises important productivity and capability advantages over centralized work by optimally allocating tasks according to locality, expertise or cost. All too often, global development also introduces a different set of communication and coordination challenges that can negate all the expected benefits and even cause project failures. Most common problems have to do with building trust or quick feedback loops between distributed teams, or with the integration of globally developed components. Agile processes tend to emphasize the intensity of communication, and would seem to be negatively impacted by team distribution. In our experience, these challenges can be overcome, and agile processes can address some of the pitfalls of global development more effectively than plan-driven development. This chapter discusses how to address the difficulties faced when adapting agile processes to global development and the improvements to global development that adopting agile can produce.

  19. The Telemetry Agile Manufacturing Effort

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, K.D.

    1995-01-01

    The Telemetry Agile Manufacturing Effort (TAME) is an agile enterprising demonstration sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE). The project experimented with new approaches to product realization and assessed their impacts on performance, cost, flow time, and agility. The purpose of the project was to design the electrical and mechanical features of an integrated telemetry processor, establish the manufacturing processes, and produce an initial production lot of two to six units. This paper outlines the major methodologies utilized by the TAME, describes the accomplishments that can be attributed to each methodology, and finally, examines the lessons learned and explores the opportunities for improvement associated with the overall effort. The areas for improvement are discussed relative to an ideal vision of the future for agile enterprises. By the end of the experiment, the TAME reduced production flow time by approximately 50% and life cycle cost by more than 30%. Product performance was improved compared with conventional DOE production approaches.

  20. Agile methods in Project Management

    OpenAIRE

    Hradil, Petr

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze chosen Agile Methods in Project Management. First the SCRUM method is explained and described. Next, the Extreme Programming (XP) method of software development is reviewed. The survey on the topic is conducted with regard to the success perception of the projects. The empirical case study is used to as an example where the agile methods can be successfully used and recommendations are described.

  1. The Art of Agile Development

    CERN Document Server

    Shore, James

    2008-01-01

    Plenty of books describe what agile development is or why it helps software projects succeed, but very few combine information for developers, managers, testers, and customers into a single package that they can apply directly. This book provides a gestalt view of the agile development process that serves as a comprehensive introduction for non-technical readers, along with hands-on technical practices for programmers and developers. The book also tackles the people aspect of Extreme Programming.

  2. Human factors in agile manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forsythe, C.

    1995-03-01

    As industries position themselves for the competitive markets of today, and the increasingly competitive global markets of the 21st century, agility, or the ability to rapidly develop and produce new products, represents a common trend. Agility manifests itself in many different forms, with the agile manufacturing paradigm proposed by the Iacocca Institute offering a generally accepted, long-term vision. In its many forms, common elements of agility or agile manufacturing include: changes in business, engineering and production practices, seamless information flow from design through production, integration of computer and information technologies into all facets of the product development and production process, application of communications technologies to enable collaborative work between geographically dispersed product development team members and introduction of flexible automation of production processes. Industry has rarely experienced as dramatic an infusion of new technologies or as extensive a change in culture and work practices. Human factors will not only play a vital role in accomplishing the technical and social objectives of agile manufacturing. but has an opportunity to participate in shaping the evolution of industry paradigms for the 21st century.

  3. Difference of gene expression profiles between esophageal carcinoma and its pericancerous epithelium by gene chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shen-Hua Xu; Li-Juan Qian; Han-Zhou Mou; Chi-Hong Zhu; Xing-Ming Zhou; Xiang-Lin Liu; Yong Chen; Wen-Yu Bao

    2003-01-01

    AIM: To study the difference of gene expression between esophageal carcinoma and its pericancerous epithelium and to screen novel associated genes in the early stage of esophageal carcinogenesis by cDNA microarray.METHODS: Total RNA was extracted with the original single step way from esophageal carcinoma, its pericancerous epithelial tissue and normal esophageal epithelium far from the tumor. The cDNA retro-transcribed from equal quantity of mRNA was labeled with Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescence functioning as probes. The mixed probes were hybridized with two pieces of BioDoor 4 096 double dot human whole gene chip. Fluorescence signals were scanned by ScanArray 3 000 laser scanner and farther analyzed by ImaGene 3.0software with the digital computer.RESULTS: (1) A total of 135 genes were screened out, in which 85 and 50 genes whose the gene expression levels (fluorescence intensity) in esophageal carcinoma were more than 2 times and less than 0.5 times respectively compared with the normal esophageal epithelium. (2) There were also total 31 genes, among then 27 and 4 whose expressions in pericancerous tissue were 2-fold up-regulated and 0.5-fold down-regulated respectively compared with normal esophageal epithelium. (3) There were 13 genes appeared simultaneously in both pericancerous epithelium and esophageal carcinoma, while another 18 genes existed in pericancerous epithelium only.CONCLUSION: With the parallel comparison among these three gene profiles, it was shown that (1). A total of 135genes, Whose expression difference manifested as fluorescence intensity were more than 2 times between esophageal carcinoma and normal esophageal epithelium,were probably related to the occurrence and development of the esophageal carcinoma. (2). The 31 genes showing expression difference more than 2 times between pericancerous and normal esophageal epithelium might be relate to the promotion of esophageal pericancerosis and its progress. The present study illustrated that by using

  4. What Does an Agile Coach Do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Rachel; Pullicino, James

    The surge in Agile adoption has created a demand for project managers rather than direct their teams. A sign of this trend is the ever-increasing number of people getting certified as scrum masters and agile leaders. Training courses that introduce agile practices are easy to find. But making the transition to coach is not as simple as understanding what agile practices are. Your challenge as an Agile Coach is to support your team in learning how to wield their new Agile tools in creating great software.

  5. Agile Processes and Methodologies: A Conceptual Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheetal Sharma

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the comparative study of agile processes. The paper will serve as guide to other software development process models. Agile processes have important applications in the areasof software project management, software schedule management, etc. In particular the aim of agile processes is to satisfy the customer, faster development times with lower defects rate. This paper compares the agile processes with other software development life cycle models. Agile processes are not always advantageous, they have some drawbacks as well; the advantages and disadvantages of agile processes are also discussed in this paper.

  6. AGILE integration into APC for high mix logic fab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gatefait, M.; Lam, A.; Le Gratiet, B.; Mikolajczak, M.; Morin, V.; Chojnowski, N.; Kocsis, Z.; Smith, I.; Decaunes, J.; Ostrovsky, A.; Monget, C.

    2015-09-01

    For C040 technology and below, photolithographic depth of focus control and dispersion improvement is essential to secure product functionality. Critical 193nm immersion layers present initial focus process windows close to machine control capability. For previous technologies, the standard scanner sensor (Level sensor - LS) was used to map wafer topology and expose the wafer at the right Focus. Such optical embedded metrology, based on light reflection, suffers from reading issues that cannot be neglected anymore. Metrology errors are correlated to inspected product area for which material types and densities change, and so optical properties are not constant. Various optical phenomena occur across the product field during wafer inspection and have an effect on the quality and position of the reflected light. This can result in incorrect heights being recorded and exposures possibly being done out of focus. Focus inaccuracy associated to aggressive process windows on critical layers will directly impact product realization and therefore functionality and yield. ASML has introduced an air gauge sensor to complement the optical level sensor and lead to optimal topology metrology. The use of this new sensor is managed by the AGILE (Air Gauge Improved process LEveling) application. This measurement with no optical dependency will correct for optical inaccuracy of level sensor, and so improve best focus dispersion across the product. Due to the fact that stack complexity is more and more important through process steps flow, optical perturbation of standard Level sensor metrology is increasing and is becoming maximum for metallization layers. For these reasons AGILE feature implementation was first considered for contact and all metal layers. Another key point is that standard metrology will be sensitive to layer and reticle/product density. The gain of Agile will be enhanced for multiple product contribution mask and for complex System on Chip. Into ST context (High

  7. RFP for the italien satellite AGILE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Peter Buch; Jørgensen, John Leif; Riis, Troels;

    1999-01-01

    The document descibes the ASC Star Tracker (performance, functionality, requirements etc.) to the Italian satellite AGILE.......The document descibes the ASC Star Tracker (performance, functionality, requirements etc.) to the Italian satellite AGILE....

  8. Collaborative Environment and Agile Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan GHILIC-MICU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Over time, information and communications technology development has made a direct impact on human activity in the individual context as well as familial, economic and social. This has laid the premise for adoption of new and modern paradigms in individual and organizational activity management. The evolutionary climax of the social universe is called nowadays knowledge society. The knowledge society succeeds the information society, emphasizing the development of the opportunities brought by collaborative work environment and agile approach. In this paper we will highlight the use of collaborative environment in agile software development, as an instrument for managing organizations in knowledge society. Thus, we will emphasize the paradigms of agile testing, validation and verification in collaborative environment.

  9. Adoption of agile software development in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Tran, Trung Hieu; Duong, Nhat Duy

    2014-01-01

    Agile software development method is considered as an essential for software companies, bringing critical benefits. The adoption and implementation of agile software development method enable organizations to adapt to the dramatically changing business environment. This thesis aims at investigating the adoption practices of agile development methods in companies in Vietnam, with three main goals. The first one is to explore the reasons and motivations determining the adoption of agile dev...

  10. Generalizing Agile Software Development Life Cycle

    OpenAIRE

    S. Bhalerao; D. Puntambekar; M.Ingle

    2009-01-01

    In last decade, various agile methods have been introduced and used by software industry. It has been observed that many practitioners are using hybrid of agile methods and traditional methods. The knowledge of agile software development process about the theoretical grounds, applicability in large development settings and connections to establish software engineering disciplines remain mostly in dark. It has been reported that it is difficult for average manager to implement agile method in ...

  11. AGILE METHODS AND QUALITY _ A SURVEY

    OpenAIRE

    BODJE N'Kauh Nathan-Regis; G. M. Nasira

    2013-01-01

    Agile software processes, such as extreme programming (XP), Scrum, Lean, etc., rely on best practices that are considered to improve software development quality. It can be said that best practices aim to induce software quality assurance (SQA) into the project at hand. Some researchers of agile methods claim that because of the very nature of such methods, quality in agile software projects should be a natural outcome of the applied method. As a consequence, agile quality is e...

  12. Software Testing Process in Agile Development

    OpenAIRE

    Malik, Ahsan Nawaz & Kashif Masood

    2008-01-01

    Software testing is the most important process to verify the quality of a product. Software testing in Agile development is very complex and controversial issue in literature and industry. Different people have different views about software testing in Agile methods, because most of Agile methods do not focus much on software testing activities. Agile strongly focus on the close customer collaboration, short iterations and frequent deliveries. But when it comes to software testing, then it is...

  13. So you think you???re agile?

    OpenAIRE

    O hEocha, Colm; Conboy, Kieran; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2010-01-01

    peer-reviewed Some agile projects succeed, some fail miserably. Research shows that time does not necessarily cure such ills and there can be many complex underlying reasons. Evaluating the ways agility is supported across three supposedly agile projects reveals a myriad of organizational, human and political issues. Using a novel approach to assess agile projects from first principles, this paper outlines several key findings and recommendations beyond mere compliance to textbook methods.

  14. Coordination Between Teams in Agile Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Hyldmo, Nikolai

    2015-01-01

    The way many software projects are managed have changed dramatically due to the introduction of agile methods. This shift was influences by the fact that technology and the IT-industry itself are moving rapidly and projects have to respond to rapidly changing requirements (Lindvall et al., 2002). Agile methods were a reaction to the plan based approaches that is not welcoming change in the same way as agile methods. According to Cockburn and Williams (2003) agile is about feedback and change...

  15. The Challenges of Becoming Agile

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Nis; Dowlen, Chris

    2012-01-01

    During the last decade agile methods have been a vast success in the domain of software development. This paper investigates whether these methods can be successfully transferred to the domain of physical product development in order to address the fundamental challenges of increased marked speed......, development uncertainty and product complexity. The paper compares two cases from industry and education where agile methods are used in physical product development. The comparison between the cases is conducted within five thematic areas, which creates an overview of the challenges that may occur when...

  16. User-centered agile method

    CERN Document Server

    Deuff, Dominique

    2013-01-01

    Agile development methods began to emerge around 20 years ago. However, it was not until the early 2000s that they began to be widely used in industry. This growth was often due to the advent of Internet services requiring faster cycles of development in order to heighten the rate at which an ever-greater number of functionalities were made available. In parallel, user-centered design (UCD) methods were also becoming more and more widely used: hence, user-centered design and agile methods were bound to cross paths, at least in the telecoms industry! During this period, in the field of telec

  17. Agile Contracts: Designing an Agile Team Selection Guideline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pries-Heje, Lene; Pries-Heje, Jan

    2014-01-01

    with “endless” re-negotiation of the requirements; you need a more flexible way to develop IS. A new way of coping with many changes is to use an agile development approach and a fixed budget and resources contract. This paper presents an example case. We analyse the case and design a guideline for how...

  18. Generalizing Agile Software Development Life Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Bhalerao

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available In last decade, various agile methods have been introduced and used by software industry. It has been observed that many practitioners are using hybrid of agile methods and traditional methods. The knowledge of agile software development process about the theoretical grounds, applicability in large development settings and connections to establish software engineering disciplines remain mostly in dark. It has been reported that it is difficult for average manager to implement agile method in the organization. Further, every agile method has its own development cycle that brings technological, managerial and environmental changes in organization. A proper roadmap of agile software development in the form of agile software development life cycle can be developed to address the aforesaid issues of agile software development process. Thus, there is strong need of agile software development life cycle that clearly defines the phases included in any agile method and also describes the artifacts of each phase. This generalization of agile software development life cycle provides the guideline for average developers about usability, suitability, applicability of agile methods.

  19. Everything you want to know about Agile

    CERN Document Server

    Cooke, Jamie Lynn

    2012-01-01

    Everything you want to know about Agile comprehensively addresses the issues that IT departments face when they try to implement Agile approaches within the constraints of their traditional organizations, including existing project frameworks, budgeting structures, contracts and corporate reporting.  It is an essential resource for IT departments that want to deliver successful Agile results, even in the most challenging environments.

  20. An investigation of agility issues in scrum teams using agility indicators

    OpenAIRE

    Pikkarainen, Minna; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2009-01-01

    non-peer-reviewed Agile software development methods have emerged and become increasingly popular in recent years, yet the issues encountered by software development teams that strive to achieve agility using agile methods are yet to be explored systematically. Built upon a previous study that has established a set of indicators of agility, this study investigates what issues are manifested in software development teams using agile methods. It is focused on Scrum teams particularly. ...

  1. Cost Estimation of Web Projects inContext with Agile Paradigm: Improvements and Validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratnesh Litoriya

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Agile practitioners have expressed concern over their inability to correctly estimate costs associated with Agile web software development. This concern has become even more critical as costs associated with development continue to increase. As a result, significant research attention is now intended for gaining a better understanding of the web based projects in context with Agile software-development process as well as constructing and evaluating calibrated software cost estimating tools. This paper discussed the necessity for new metrics and model to fast predict the size, effort and duration for agile based web development projects. The method called web estimation using COCOMOII for Agile methods AGILEMOW, addresses a need to get effort estimation in a limited period using limited information. In contrast with other existing methods, AGILEMOW uses agile characteristics, raw historical information about development capability and high granularity knowledge about the web system to be developed. This research focuses on development of effort estimation model for agile web projects. Creation and use of the model is enlightenedin detail. The model was calibrated using the empirical data collected from seven completed web projects. The experimental results prove that model has good estimation accuracy in terms of effort and MMRE. The suggested method/model is simple and particularly appropriate for small or medium size web based systems developed by making use of agile methodologies.

  2. AGILE DRAFTING OF OUTSOURCING CONTRACTS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlichter, Bjarne Rerup; Storgaard, Kristian

    2015-01-01

    and in several parallel tracks using different competencies. By the use of an illustrative case-study, this paper explores how scrum can be applied to enhance the process of drafting outsourcing contracts. The analysis indicates that the use of an agile method, such as Scrum, can be beneficial in this context...

  3. Pro Agile NET Development with Scrum

    CERN Document Server

    Blankenship, Jerrel; Millett, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Pro Agile .NET Development with SCRUM guides you through a real-world ASP.NET project and shows how agile methodology is put into practice. There is plenty of literature on the theory behind agile methodologies, but no book on the market takes the concepts of agile practices and applies these in a practical manner to an end-to-end ASP.NET project, especially the estimating, requirements and management aspects of a project. Pro Agile .NET Development with SCRUM takes you through the initial stages of a project - gathering requirements and setting up an environment - through to the development a

  4. AGILE METHODS AND QUALITY _ A SURVEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BODJE N'Kauh Nathan-Regis

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Agile software processes, such as extreme programming (XP, Scrum, Lean, etc., rely on best practices that are considered to improve software development quality. It can be said that best practices aim to induce software quality assurance (SQA into the project at hand. Some researchers of agile methods claim that because of the very nature of such methods, quality in agile software projects should be a natural outcome of the applied method. As a consequence, agile quality is expected to be more or less embedded in the agile software processes. Many reports support and evangelize the advantages of agile methods with respect to quality assurance, Is it so ? An ambitious goal of this paper is to present work done to understand how quality is or should be handled. This paper as all survey papers attempt to summarize and organizes research results in the field of software engineering, precisely for the topic of agile methods related to software quality.

  5. A Disciplined Approach to Adopting Agile Practices: The Agile Adoption Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Sidky, Ahmed; Bohner, Shawn

    2007-01-01

    Many organizations aspire to adopt agile processes to take advantage of the numerous benefits that it offers to an organization. Those benefits include, but are not limited to, quicker return on investment, better software quality, and higher customer satisfaction. To date however, there is no structured process (at least in the public domain) that guides organizations in adopting agile practices. To address this problem we present the Agile Adoption Framework. The framework consists of two components: an agile measurement index, and a 4-Stage process, that together guide and assist the agile adoption efforts of organizations. More specifically, the agile measurement index is used to identify the agile potential of projects and organizations. The 4-Stage process, on the other hand, helps determine (a) whether or not organizations are ready for agile adoption, and (b) guided by their potential, what set of agile practices can and should be introduced.

  6. A coevolving systems approach to the organization of agile software

    OpenAIRE

    Vidgen, Richard; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2009-01-01

    peer-reviewed Despite the popularity of agile methods in software development and increasing adoption by organizations there is debate about what agility is and how it is achieved. The debate suffers from a lack of understanding of agile concepts and how agile software development is practised. This paper develops a framework for the organization of agile software development that identifies enablers and inhibitors of agility and the emergent capabilities of agile teams. The work is ground...

  7. Empirical investigation on adoption and adaptation of agile practices

    OpenAIRE

    Manyam, Venkata Sarath Chandra; Kurapati, Narendra

    2012-01-01

    Context: Agile practices have created its own mark on recent software development strategies. The significance of agile core values and principles attracted several organizations towards agile software development. Agile methods incorporate core values & principles, whereas agile practices define how agile methods are implemented in practice. However, it is still unclear, which combinations of agile practices are adopted in practice and how are they adapted. Objectives: In this research, ...

  8. Chip, Chip, Hooray!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Susan

    2001-01-01

    Presents a science laboratory using different brands of potato chips in which students test their oiliness, size, thickness, saltiness, quality, and cost, then analyze the results to determine the best chip. Gives a brief history of potato chips. (YDS)

  9. Hepatic gene expression profiling using GeneChips in zebrafish exposed to 17{alpha}-methyldihydrotestosterone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoffmann, J.L.; Thomason, R.G.; Lee, D.M.; Brill, J.L.; Price, B.B.; Carr, G.J. [Miami Valley Innovation Center, Procter and Gamble Company, P.O. Box 538707, Cincinnati, OH 45253-8707 (United States); Versteeg, D.J. [Miami Valley Innovation Center, Procter and Gamble Company, P.O. Box 538707, Cincinnati, OH 45253-8707 (United States)], E-mail: versteeg.dj@pg.com

    2008-04-28

    Concentration and time-dependent changes in hepatic gene expression were examined in adult, female zebrafish (Danio rerio) exposed to 0, 0.1, 0.7, 4.9 {mu}g/L of a model androgen, 17{alpha}-methyldihydrotestosterone (MDHT). At 24 and 168 h, fish were sacrificed and liver was extracted for gene expression analysis using custom Affymetrix GeneChip Zebrafish Genome Microarrays. In an effort to link gene expression changes to higher levels of biological organization, blood was collected for measurement of plasma steroid hormones (17{beta}-estradiol (E2), testosterone (T)) and vitellogenin (VTG) using ELISA. Body and ovary weight were also measured. A significant reduction in E2 occurred at 24 h (0.7 and 4.9 {mu}g/L) and 168 h (4.9 {mu}g/L) following MDHT exposure. In contrast, T was significantly increased at 24 h (4.9 {mu}g/L) and 168 h (0.1, 0.7, 4.9 {mu}g/L). 171 and 575 genes were significantly affected in a concentration-dependent manner at either 24 or 168 h by MDHT exposure at p {<=} 0.001 and p {<=} 0.01, respectively. Genes involved in retinoic acid metabolism (e.g. aldehyde dehydrogenase 8, member A1; retinol dehydrogenase 12), steroid biosynthesis and metabolism (e.g. hydroxysteroid (11{beta}) dehydrogenase 2; hydroxy-delta-5-steroid dehydrogenase, 3 beta-), hormone transport (e.g. sex hormone binding globulin), and regulation of cell growth and proliferation (e.g. N-myc downstream regulated gene 1; spermidinespermine N(1)-acetyltransferase) were affected by MDHT exposure. In this study, we identified genes involved in a variety of biological processes that have the potential to be used as markers of exposure to androgenic substances. Genes identified in this study provide information on the potential mode of action of strong androgens in female fish. In addition, when used for screening of EDC's, these genes may also serve as sensitive markers of exposure to androgenic compounds.

  10. Process-oriented evaluation of agile business processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Agile enterprises are built based on agile business processes.Simultaneously,agile enterprises must be able to utilize agile business processes to rapidly respond market opportunities and maintain enterprises'competitions.But how to evaluate and choose agile business processes is a key problem about building agile enterprises.The paper proposes a goal driven method and an evaluation architecture for business processes' agility.Furthermore,a four-layer configuring model for agile business processes is developed based on the evaluation architecture and it can evaluate and configure agile business processes among alternatives.

  11. Systems engineering agile design methodologies

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, James A

    2013-01-01

    This book examines the paradigm of the engineering design process. The authors discuss agile systems and engineering design. The book captures the entire design process (functionbases), context, and requirements to affect real reuse. It provides a methodology for an engineering design process foundation for modern and future systems design. This book captures design patterns with context for actual Systems Engineering Design Reuse and contains a new paradigm in Design Knowledge Management.

  12. An Investigation of Agility Issues in Scrum Teams Using Agility Indicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikkarainen, Minna; Wang, Xiaofeng

    Agile software development methods have emerged and become increasingly popular in recent years; yet the issues encountered by software development teams that strive to achieve agility using agile methods are yet to be explored systematically. Built upon a previous study that has established a set of indicators of agility, this study investigates what issues are manifested in software development teams using agile methods. It is focussed on Scrum teams particularly. In other words, the goal of the chapter is to evaluate Scrum teams using agility indicators and therefore to further validate previously presented agility indicators within the additional cases. A multiple case study research method is employed. The findings of the study reveal that the teams using Scrum do not necessarily achieve agility in terms of team autonomy, sharing, stability and embraced uncertainty. The possible reasons include previous organizational plan-driven culture, resistance towards the Scrum roles and changing resources.

  13. Conceptualizing Interpersonal Relationships in Agile IS Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Sabine; Matook, Sabine

    Agile information systems development (ISD) is a people-centered approach that emphasizes frequent interaction and genuine co-operation between customers and developers. While business relationships are the norm in the workplace, agile ISD leads to the creation of close interpersonal relationships....... Drawing on relationship theory and friendship literature we propose a theoretical framework of three types of workplace relationships. The framework is used for deriving theoretical preconceptions about agile relationships and their impact on the agile ISD team’s ability to deliver valuable, working...... software frequently. We also present the interpretive approach we will apply. An understanding of the relationship specific aspects of agile ISD as well as of the importance and impact of certain relationship characteristics can help explain why some agile projects succeed, while others fail...

  14. Case-based Agile Fixture Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    In order to realize the agility of the fixture design, such asreconfigurability, rescalability and reusability, fixture structure is function unit-based decomposed from a fire-new point of view. Which makes it easy for agile fixture to be reconfigured and modified. Thereby, the base of case-based agile fixture design system info is established.Whole case-based agile fixture design model is presented. In which, three modules are added relative to the other models, including case matching of fixture planning module, conflict arbitration module and agile fixture case modify module. The three modules could solve the previous problem that the experience and result are difficult to be reused in the process of design.Two key techniques in the process of the agile fixture design, the evaluation of case similarity, and restriction-based conflict arbitration, are listed. And some methods are presented to evaluate the similarity and clear up the conflict.

  15. WOFIE, linear to agile learning design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss; Tribler, Nanna

    2012-01-01

    Wofie: A four-day Workshop For Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Aalborg University. Area of interest: Agile learning design. The research question: How to design an agile learning process with both progression and empowered students? The work method is action research framed through on-line eva......-line evaluations (data) and development of the Wofie learning design. Main contribution: An agile guide-map....

  16. Agile in action : Hybrid methodologies in practice

    OpenAIRE

    Burman, Emil

    2015-01-01

    In recent years an increase of agile methodologies and their implementation in mainstream software engineering projects have been seen, but this implementation has reportedly changed agility in practice into a hybrid form of agility and more classic methodologies. With a lack of research regarding these hybrid methodologies this multiple case study empirically analyses the practice of methodologies from two different conglomerates and places the results in the Information Technology Managemen...

  17. Teamwork in Distributed Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Gurram, Chaitanya; Bandi, Srinivas Goud

    2013-01-01

    Context: Distributed software development has become a most desired way of software development. Application of agile development methodologies in distributed environments has taken a new trend in developing software due to its benefits of improved communication and collaboration. Teamwork is an important concept that agile methodologies facilitate and is one of the potential determinants of team performance which was not focused in distributed agile software development. Objectives: This res...

  18. Assimilation of agile practices in use

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaofeng; Conboy, Kieran; Pikkarainen, Minna

    2012-01-01

    Agile method use in information systems development (ISD) has grown dramatically in recent years. The emergence of these alternative approaches was very much industry-led at the outset, and while agile method research is growing, the vast majority of these studies are descriptive and often lack a strong theoretical and conceptual base. Insights from innovation adoption research can provide a new perspective on analyzing agile method use. This paper is based on an exploratory study of the appl...

  19. A Conceptual Model for Agile Practices Adoption

    OpenAIRE

    Silveira Campanelli, Amadeu; Silva Parreiras, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    The software development industry has been adopting agile methods and practices instead of traditional software development methods because they are more flexible and can bring benefits such as handling requirements changes, productivity gains, frequent releases and business strategy focus. This work proposes a model for agile process data representation to show the relationships between agile components (principles, methods, practices, techniques, roles and work products) to allow organizati...

  20. EVALUATION OF AGILE METHODS AND IMPLEMENTATION

    OpenAIRE

    Hossain, Arif

    2015-01-01

    The concepts of agile development were introduced when programmers were experiencing different obstacles in building software in various aspects. The obsolete waterfall model became defective and was no more pure process in terms of developing software. Consequently new other development methods have been introduced to mitigate the defects. The purpose of this thesis is to study different agile methods and find out the best one for software development. Each important agile method offers ...

  1. Assumptions Underlying Agile Software Development Processes

    OpenAIRE

    Turk, Dan; France, Robert; Rumpe, Bernhard

    2014-01-01

    Agile processes focus on facilitating early and fast production of working code, and are based on software development process models that support iterative, incremental development of software. Although agile methods have existed for a number of years now, answers to questions concerning the suitability of agile processes to particular software development environments are still often based on anecdotal accounts of experiences. An appreciation of the (often unstated) assumptions underlying a...

  2. Agile Maturity Model (AMM): A Software Process Improvement framework for Agile Software Development Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Chetankumar Patel; Muthu Ramachandran

    2009-01-01

    Agile software development methodologies have introduced best practices into software development. However we need to adopt and monitor those practices continuously to maximize its benefits. Our research has focused on adaptability, suitability and software maturity model called Agile Maturity Model (AMM) for agile software development environments. This paper introduces a process of adaptability assessment, suitability assessment, and improvement framework for assessing and improving agile b...

  3. Research on Evaluation on Agility of Agile Supply Chain Network Based on Complex Network Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nai-Ru Xu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper tries to add the network structure factors of agile supply chain network into agility evaluation. The paper firstly presents three concepts including node strength centrality, betweenness centrality, and network centrality. They are used to calculate the weight of node enterprises in the agile supply chain network. And then, a series of agility indicators are designed to evaluate agility of agile supply chain network. AHP is used to calculate the weight of the indicators. Next, these indicators are used to get initial agility evaluation matrix by means of Delphi method, Data Mining, and so forth. Then FCE is used to calculate the membership degree on agility of node enterprises by combining the evaluation matrix with the weight of indicators. Last, the evaluation result of comprehensive agility of agile supply chain network is calculated on the basis of considering the weight of node enterprises. This method can reflect the effect which the network structure of supply chain network makes on the agility of the supply chain network. It is a complement to the current evaluation methods of agility.

  4. Evaluation of Agile Manufacturing Enterprises%Evaluation of Agile Manufacturing Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄新刚; 王先逵; 刘成颖

    2001-01-01

    Agile manufacturing is an important manufacturing philosophy todevelop advanced manufacturing enterprises to improve competivity. The evaluation of Agile Manufacturing Enterprises (AME) is one of the key activities in implementing agile manufacturing. This paper proposes a method for evaluating AME, establishes a basic feature model of AME based on the feature tree and discusses the hierarchical decomposition algorithm based on the model with an example.

  5. Agile! the good, the hype and the ugly

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Bertrand

    2014-01-01

    Here is the ideal introduction to agile development. The book details agile principles, roles, managerial practices, technical practices and artifacts, offering a complete review that will help readers master all the important agile ideas.

  6. Evaluation of the Agility Level of the Organization

    OpenAIRE

    Linkevics Gusts; Sukovskis Uldis

    2015-01-01

    Organizations and teams are switching to agile methodology more and more often. The problem lies in the fact that organizations and teams are not certain at which agility level they currently are and at which agility domains they fail. This research focuses on creating a new method and tool for evaluation of the agility level of the company. The proposed method is based on the agility model of the company with agility domains, subdomains and attributes. Expert evaluation ...

  7. Variations in Zebra Chip disease expression and tuber biochemistry in response to vector density

    Science.gov (United States)

    This study examined effects of the number of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ (Lso)-positive psyllids feeding on potatoes to Lso titers, zebra chip disease (ZC) symptom severity, and levels of amino acids, carbohydrates, and phenolics in tubers harvested weeks later. Red La Soda and Russet Nor...

  8. Agile Maturity Model (AMM: A Software Process Improvement framework for Agile Software Development Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chetankumar Patel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development methodologies have introduced best practices into software development. However we need to adopt and monitor those practices continuously to maximize its benefits. Our research has focused on adaptability, suitability and software maturity model called Agile Maturity Model (AMM for agile software development environments. This paper introduces a process of adaptability assessment, suitability assessment, and improvement framework for assessing and improving agile best practices. We have also developed a web based automated tool support to assess adaptability, suitability, and improvement for agile practices.

  9. Agile Project Management with Scrum

    CERN Document Server

    Schwaber, Ken

    2009-01-01

    The rules and practices for Scrum-a simple process for managing complex projects-are few, straightforward, and easy to learn. But Scrum's simplicity itself-its lack of prescription-can be disarming, and new practitioners often find themselves reverting to old project management habits and tools and yielding lesser results. In this illuminating series of case studies, Scrum co-creator and evangelist Ken Schwaber identifies the real-world lessons-the successes and failures-culled from his years of experience coaching companies in agile project management. Through them, you'll understand how to

  10. Decision enhancement and business process agility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Amiyo, Mercy Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Business Process Agility (BPA) is het vermogen om bedrijfsprocessen snel en correct aan te passen, als reactie op interne en externe veranderingen in de bedrijfsomgeving, ook als hiervoor geen vooraf gedefiniëerde richtlijnen voor zijn. Organisaties zijn steeds meer op zoek naar manieren om agile te

  11. Applying Lean on Agile Scrum Development Methodology

    OpenAIRE

    SurendRaj Dharmapal; Dr. K. Thirunadana Sikamani

    2015-01-01

    This journal introduces the reader to Agile and Lean concepts and provides a basic level of understanding of each process. This journal will also provide a brief background about applying Lean concepts on each phase of agile scrum methodology and summarize their primary business advantages for delivering value to customer.

  12. Applying Lean on Agile Scrum Development Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SurendRaj Dharmapal

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This journal introduces the reader to Agile and Lean concepts and provides a basic leve l of understanding of each process. This journal will also provide a brief background about applying Lean concepts on each phase of agile scrum methodology and summarize their primary business advantages for delivering value to customer.

  13. An Agile Course-Delivery Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capellan, Mirkeya

    2009-01-01

    In the world of software development, agile methodologies have gained popularity thanks to their lightweight methodologies and flexible approach. Many advocates believe that agile methodologies can provide significant benefits if applied in the educational environment as a teaching method. The need for an approach that engages and motivates…

  14. Teaching Agile Software Development: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devedzic, V.; Milenkovic, S. R.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the authors' experience of teaching agile software development to students of computer science, software engineering, and other related disciplines, and comments on the implications of this and the lessons learned. It is based on the authors' eight years of experience in teaching agile software methodologies to various groups…

  15. Applying Lean on Agile Scrum Development Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SurendRaj Dharmapal

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This journal introduces the reader to Agile and Lean concepts and provides a basic level of understanding of each process. This journal will also provide a brief background about applying Lean concepts on each phase of agile scrum methodology and summarize their primary business advantages for delivering value to customer.

  16. Developer Stories: Improving Architecture in Agile Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjørnehøj, Gitte; Jensen, Rolf Njor; Platz, Niels

    2007-01-01

    Within the field of Software Engineering emergence of agile methods has been a hot topic since the late 90s. eXtreme Programming (XP) ([1]) was one of the first agile methods and is one of the most well-known. However research has pointed to weaknesses in XP regarding supporting development...

  17. Agile Values and Their Implementation in Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Maria Schön

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Today agile approaches are often used for the development of digital products. Since their development in the 90s, Agile Methodologies, such as Scrum and Extreme Programming, have evolved. Team collaboration is strongly influenced by the values and principles of the Agile Manifesto. The values and principles described in the Agile Manifesto support the optimization of the development process. In this article, the current operation is analyzed in Agile Product Development Processes. Both, the cooperation in the project team and the understanding of the roles and tasks will be analyzed. The results are set in relation to the best practices of Agile Methodologies. A quantitative questionnaire related to best practices in Agile Product Development was developed. The study was carried out with 175 interdisciplinary participants from the IT industry. For the evaluation of the results, 93 participants were included who have expertise in the subject area Agile Methodologies. On one hand, it is shown that the collaborative development of product-related ideas brings benefits. On the other hand, it is investigated which effect a good understanding of the product has on decisions made during the implementation. Furthermore, the skillset of product managers, the use of pair programming, and the advantages of cross-functional teams are analyzed.

  18. Agile manufacturing from a statistical perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Easterling, R.G. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). New Initiatives Dept.

    1995-10-01

    The objective of agile manufacturing is to provide the ability to quickly realize high-quality, highly-customized, in-demand products at a cost commensurate with mass production. More broadly, agility in manufacturing, or any other endeavor, is defined as change-proficiency; the ability to thrive in an environment of unpredictable change. This report discusses the general direction of the agile manufacturing initiative, including research programs at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the Department of Energy, and other government agencies, but focuses on agile manufacturing from a statistical perspective. The role of statistics can be important because agile manufacturing requires the collection and communication of process characterization and capability information, much of which will be data-based. The statistical community should initiate collaborative work in this important area.

  19. Some Findings Concerning Requirements in Agile Methodologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez, Pilar; Yagüe, Agustín; Alarcón, Pedro P.; Garbajosa, Juan

    Agile methods have appeared as an attractive alternative to conventional methodologies. These methods try to reduce the time to market and, indirectly, the cost of the product through flexible development and deep customer involvement. The processes related to requirements have been extensively studied in literature, in most cases in the frame of conventional methods. However, conclusions of conventional methodologies could not be necessarily valid for Agile; in some issues, conventional and Agile processes are radically different. As recent surveys report, inadequate project requirements is one of the most conflictive issues in agile approaches and better understanding about this is needed. This paper describes some findings concerning requirements activities in a project developed under an agile methodology. The project intended to evolve an existing product and, therefore, some background information was available. The major difficulties encountered were related to non-functional needs and management of requirements dependencies.

  20. Agile manufacturing prototyping system (AMPS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, P.

    1998-05-09

    The Agile Manufacturing Prototyping System (AMPS) is being integrated at Sandia National Laboratories. AMPS consists of state of the industry flexible manufacturing hardware and software enhanced with Sandia advancements in sensor and model based control; automated programming, assembly and task planning; flexible fixturing; and automated reconfiguration technology. AMPS is focused on the agile production of complex electromechanical parts. It currently includes 7 robots (4 Adept One, 2 Adept 505, 1 Staubli RX90), conveyance equipment, and a collection of process equipment to form a flexible production line capable of assembling a wide range of electromechanical products. This system became operational in September 1995. Additional smart manufacturing processes will be integrated in the future. An automated spray cleaning workcell capable of handling alcohol and similar solvents was added in 1996 as well as parts cleaning and encapsulation equipment, automated deburring, and automated vision inspection stations. Plans for 1997 and out years include adding manufacturing processes for the rapid prototyping of electronic components such as soldering, paste dispensing and pick-and-place hardware.

  1. Gene Expression Analysis Using Agilent DNA Microarrays

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stangegaard, Michael

    2009-01-01

    Hybridization of labeled cDNA to microarrays is an intuitively simple and a vastly underestimated process. If it is not performed, optimized, and standardized with the same attention to detail as e.g., RNA amplification, information may be overlooked or even lost. Careful balancing of the amount...... of labeled cDNA added to each slide reduces dye-bias and slide to slide variation. Efficient mixing of the hybridization solution throughout the hybridization reaction increases signals several fold. The amount of near perfect target-probe hybrids may be reduced by efficient stringency washes...

  2. Comparison of the Agilent, ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina platforms for classification of copy number alterations in human breast tumors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naume B

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray Comparative Genomic Hybridization (array CGH provides a means to examine DNA copy number aberrations. Various platforms, brands and underlying technologies are available, facing the user with many choices regarding platform sensitivity and number, localization, and density distribution of probes. Results We evaluate three different platforms presenting different nature and arrangement of the probes: The Agilent Human Genome CGH Microarray 44 k, the ROMA/NimbleGen Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray 82 k, and the Illumina Human-1 Genotyping 109 k BeadChip, with Agilent being gene oriented, ROMA/NimbleGen being genome oriented, and Illumina being genotyping oriented. We investigated copy number changes in 20 human breast tumor samples representing different gene expression subclasses, using a suite of graphical and statistical methods designed to work across platforms. Despite substantial differences in the composition and spatial distribution of probes, the comparison revealed high overall concordance. Notably however, some short amplifications and deletions of potential biological importance were not detected by all platforms. Both correlation and cluster analysis indicate a somewhat higher similarity between ROMA/NimbleGen and Illumina than between Agilent and the other two platforms. The programs developed for the analysis are available from http://www.ifi.uio.no/bioinf/Projects/. Conclusion We conclude that platforms based on different technology principles reveal similar aberration patterns, although we observed some unique amplification or deletion peaks at various locations, only detected by one of the platforms. The correct platform choice for a particular study is dependent on whether the appointed research intention is gene, genome, or genotype oriented.

  3. Distributed Agile Software Development: A Review

    CERN Document Server

    Shrivastava, Suprika Vasudeva

    2010-01-01

    Distribution of software development is becoming more and more common in order to save the production cost and reduce the time to market. Large geographical distance, different time zones and cultural differences in distributed software development (DSD) leads to weak communication which adversely affects the project. Using agile practices for distributed development is also gaining momentum in various organizations to increase the quality and performance of the project. This paper explores the intersection of these two significant trends for software development i.e. DSD and agile. We discuss the challenges faced by geographically distributed agile teams and proven practices to address these issues, which will help in building a successful distributed team.

  4. Developing communications requirements for Agile Product Realization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forsythe, C.; Ashby, M.R.

    1994-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has undertaken the Agile Product Realization for Innovative electroMEchanical Devices (A-PRIMED) pilot project to develop and implement technologies for agile design and manufacturing of electrochemical components. Emphasis on information-driven processes, concurrent engineering and multi-functional team communications makes computer-supported cooperative work critical to achieving significantly faster product development cycles. This report describes analyses conducted in developing communications requirements and a communications plan that addresses the unique communications demands of an agile enterprise.

  5. Gene expression profile differences in high and low metastatic human ovarian cancer cell lines by gene chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许沈华; 牟瀚舟; 吕桂泉; 朱赤红; 羊正炎; 高永良; 楼洪坤; 刘祥麟; 程勇; 杨文

    2002-01-01

    Objectives To study the difference between gene expressions of high (H0-8910PM) and low (HO-8910) metastatic human ovarian carcinoma cell lines and screen novel associated genes by cDNA microarray. Methods cDNA retro-transcribed from equal quantities of mRNA derived from high and low metastatic tumor cells or normal ovarian tissues were labeled with Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescein as probes. The mixed probe was hybridized with two pieces of BioDoor 4096 double dot human whole gene chip and scanned with a ScanArray 3000 laser scanner. The acquired image was analyzed by ImaGene 3.0 software. Results A total of 355 genes with expression levels more than 3 times larger were found by comparing the HO-8910 cell with normal ovarian epithelial cells. A total of 323 genes with expression levels more than 3 times larger in HO-8910PM cells compared to normal ovarian epithelium cells were also detected. A total of 165 genes whose expression levels were more than two times those of HO-8910PM cells compared to their mother cell line (HO-8910) were detected. Twenty-one genes with expression levels >3 times were found from comparison of these two tumor cell lines.Conclusions cDNA microarray techniques are effective in screening differential gene expression between two human ovarian cancer cell lines (H0-8910PM; HO-8910) and normal ovarian epithelial cells. These genes may be related to the genesis and development of ovarian carcinoma. Analysis of the human ovarian cancer gene expression profile with cDNA microarray may help in gene diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

  6. Agile teams: Do’s and don’ts in agile software development

    OpenAIRE

    Öjvind Lindgren; Jennifer McAllister

    2014-01-01

    Self-organizing teams are a distinctive feature of agile software development, and they directly affect the effectiveness of the team and the overall project success. Agile software development methods, and Scrum method in particular, emphasize self-organizing teams, but they do not provide clear guidelines on how teams should become and remain self-organizing. The theory of agile teams explains how teams devoted to software development assume informal, implicit, temporary, and spontaneous ro...

  7. Case Study: Agility at Scale Wolters Kluwer Belgium

    OpenAIRE

    Devos, Tom

    2014-01-01

    While a lot of software startups currently are using agile software development methods to rapidly bring software to the market, larger organizations are struggling to keep up that pace. These agile methods sometimes fail in larger enterprises, and we want to know why this is happening. We want to know how we can define an 'Agile' organization, which challenges are ahead when wanting to become 'Agile', and which good practices there are in the market to help an organization become Agile. This...

  8. Historical roots of Agile methods: where did “Agile thinking” come from?

    OpenAIRE

    Abbas, Noura; Gravell, Andrew; Wills, Gary

    2008-01-01

    The appearance of Agile methods has been the most noticeable change to software process thinking in the last fifteen years [16], but in fact many of the “Agile ideas” have been around since 70’s or even before. Many studies and reviews have been conducted about Agile methods which ascribe their emergence as a reaction against traditional methods. In this paper, we argue that although Agile methods are new as a whole, they have strong roots in the history of software engineering. In addition t...

  9. Defect Management in Agile Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rida Noor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Agile development reduces the risk of developing low quality software in the first place by minimizing defects. In agile software development formal defect management processes help to build quality software. The core purpose of defect management is to make the software more effective and efficient in order to increase its quality. There are several methods for handling defects like defect prevention, defect discovery and resolution which are used by software developers and testers. Refactoring keeps the system clean by identifying and removing quality defects. To gain the full confidence of the customer defect management should be involved at every stage of development. Agile methodologies focus on delivering the software in form of short iterations. Thus each iteration helps to overcome defects and leads better development and end user satisfaction. This study paints the picture of handling the software defects using agile based Software Development Process.

  10. Using enterprise systems to enhance organizational agility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Mathrani

    Full Text Available In the corporate use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT, deployment of enterprise systems (ESs technology in particular, has been the most vital development towards improving an organization\\'s effectiveness. ESs make up the value chain of an enterprise allowing the organization to become significantly flexible and efficient. This paper investigates the use of ESs to increase agility within three New Zealand manufacturing organizations. Case findings reveal several aspects of ES utilization in agile manufacturing strategies such as concurrent engineering, value chain integration, and creation of virtual enterprise to proactively align work streams and increase responsiveness and flexibility. The paper discusses the importance of agile thinking in business and how an ES enables knowledge-based processes in critical functional areas to improve organizational agility.

  11. Open System of Agile Ground Stations Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — There is an opportunity to build the HETE-2/TESS network of ground stations into an innovative and powerful Open System of Agile Stations, by developing a low-cost...

  12. Decision enhancement and business process agility

    OpenAIRE

    Amiyo, Mercy Rebecca

    2012-01-01

    Business Process Agility (BPA) is het vermogen om bedrijfsprocessen snel en correct aan te passen, als reactie op interne en externe veranderingen in de bedrijfsomgeving, ook als hiervoor geen vooraf gedefiniëerde richtlijnen voor zijn. Organisaties zijn steeds meer op zoek naar manieren om agile te worden in hun processen, en om te kunnen gaan met dynamische bedrijfsomgevingen. Deze verhoogde vraag naar BPA heeft geleid tot een verandering in Business Process Management (BPM) in de richting ...

  13. Leaning Towards Agile in 21~(st) Century

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    D; Ashall; B; Parkinson

    2002-01-01

    Background: During the last fifteen years there ha s been an increased drive for organisations to reduce costs. From a production po int, this has often centred on lean manufacturing and JIT waste elimination proc esses. However, in 1991, the Iaccocca Institute Bethlehem P.A commissioned a re port specifically to analyse the changing nature of the marketplace. As a result , in the following year, the Agile Manufacturing Forum was initiated and the ter m 'agile or responsive manufacturing' was first intr...

  14. Penetration Testing in Agile Software Development Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Tomanek, Martin; Klima, Tomas

    2015-01-01

    Agile development methods are commonly used to iteratively develop the information systems and they can easily handle ever-changing business requirements. Scrum is one of the most popular agile software development frameworks. The popularity is caused by the simplified process framework and its focus on teamwork. The objective of Scrum is to deliver working software and demonstrate it to the customer faster and more frequent during the software development project. However the security requir...

  15. Research on an Agile Manufacturing Information System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    With the more intense competition in the worldwide market, the agile virtual enterprise (AVE) will become a new organization form of manufacturing enterprise. To support the new rela tionship, an agile manufacturing information system (AMIS) is described in this paper which serves to assist the virtual enterprise to manage and control information flow among collaborating partners. Based on the requirement analysis of virtual information system, the architecture, functions, features and execution scheme of AMIS are discussed in detail.

  16. Coordination in Large-Scale Agile Development

    OpenAIRE

    Morken, Ragnar Alexander T

    2014-01-01

    In the last decade agile software development methods has become one of themost popular topics within software engineering. Agile software developmentis well accepted in small projects among the practitioner community and inrecent years, there has also been several large-scale projects adopting agilemethodologies, but there is little understanding of how such projects achieveeective coordination, which is known to be a critical factor in software engineering.This thesis describe an explorator...

  17. Hindrances for Agility : Detection and Recommendations

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador, David Musat

    2011-01-01

    Context. Global Software Development is software work undertaken at geographically separated locations across national boundaries in a coordinated fashion involving real time or asynchronous interaction. Distributed Agile Development aims at the benefits of both Agile Software Development and Global Software Development aiding the distributed teams to overcome the challenges brought by the distribution. Objectives. In this study the author investigates whether a globally distributed company i...

  18. Considerations regarding the agile development of portals

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaela Muntean

    2010-01-01

    Starting with methodologies, methods and techniques used generally in the development of information systems, a personal approach regarding quick development of portals has been introduced. After a strict theoretical foundation the proposal has been applied within a real collaborative knowledge portal development project. We consider the proposed agile development approach (based on the prototype technique enriched with MDA valences) suitable to all kind of information systems. The agile deve...

  19. The gene expression data of Mycobacterium tuberculosis based on Affymetrix gene chips provide insight into regulatory and hypothetical genes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fu-Liu Casey S

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tuberculosis remains a leading infectious disease with global public health threat. Its control and management have been complicated by multi-drug resistance and latent infection, which prompts scientists to find new and more effective drugs. With the completion of the genome sequence of the etiologic bacterium, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it is now feasible to search for new drug targets by sieving through a large number of gene products and conduct genome-scale experiments based on microarray technology. However, the full potential of genome-wide microarray analysis in configuring interrelationships among all genes in M. tuberculosis has yet to be realized. To date, it is only possible to assign a function to 52% of proteins predicted in the genome. Results We conducted a functional-genomics study using the high-resolution Affymetrix oligonucleotide GeneChip. Approximately one-half of the genes were found to be always expressed, including more than 100 predicted conserved hypotheticals, in the genome of M. tuberculosis during the log phase of in vitro growth. The gene expression profiles were analyzed and visualized through cluster analysis to epitomize the full details of genomic behavior. Broad patterns derived from genome-wide expression experiments in this study have provided insight into the interrelationships among genes in the basic cellular processes of M. tuberculosis. Conclusion Our results have confirmed several known gene clusters in energy production, information pathways, and lipid metabolism, and also hinted at potential roles of hypothetical and regulatory proteins.

  20. SuperAGILE Services at ASDC

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Italian Space Agency Science Data Center (ASDC) is a facility with several responsibilities including support to all the ASI scientific missions as for management and archival of the data, acting as the interface between ASI and the scientific community and providing on-line access to the data hosted. In this poster we describe the services that ASDC provides for SuperAGILE, in particular the ASDC public web pages devoted to the dissemination of SuperAGILE scientific results. SuperAGILE is the X-Ray imager onboard the AGILE mission, and provides the scientific community with orbit-by-orbit information on the observed sources. Crucial source information including position and flux in chosen energy bands will be reported in the SuperAGILE public web page at ASDC. Given their particular interest, another web page will be dedicated entirely to GRBs and other transients, where new event alerts will be notified and where users will find all the available informations on the GRBs detected by SuperAGILE

  1. SOME ASPECTS OF AGILE APPROACH IN PRAXIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslava Kniežová

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In modern times, competitiveness in the market depends on having a good information system. The companies developing and supplying information systems are in competition too, and having an effective system of delivery is critical for obtaining lucrative offers. Therefore, the software development companies continuously try to improve their development process to supply the product in a short time and with high quality. The agile approach potentially shortens this time and is very often used. This approach has almost replaced the traditional process. More and more companies implement agile approach in these times to be competitive in the software development market and hasten product delivering.The traditional and agile approaches differ in certain perspectives. Hence, the question arises as to whether the agile approach is the best for the software development company in every case. This article contains a comparison of these two approaches, as well as a case study relating to the agile approach in a real software development company, which had previously used the traditional approach. The article also describes situation where replacing the traditional approach with agile would improve results.

  2. Software ``Best'' Practices: Agile Deconstructed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, Steven

    Software “best” practices depend entirely on context - in terms of the problem domain, the system constructed, the software designers, and the “customers” ultimately deriving value from the system. Agile practices no longer have the luxury of “choosing” small non-mission critical projects with co-located teams. Project stakeholders are selecting and adapting practices based on a combina tion of interest, need and staffing. For example, growing product portfolios through a merger or the acquisition of a company exposes legacy systems to new staff, new software integration challenges, and new ideas. Innovation in communications (tools and processes) to span the growth and contraction of both information and organizations, while managing the adoption of changing software practices, is imperative for success. Traditional web-based tools such as web pages, document libraries, and forums are not suf ficient. A blend of tweeting, blogs, wikis, instant messaging, web-based confer encing, and telepresence creates a new dimension of communication “best” practices.

  3. Agile-based competence management: the relation between agile manufacturing and time-based competence management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Assen, van Marcel F.

    2000-01-01

    Agile manufacturing is largely dependent on the capabilities of its people to learn and evolve with change. However, while agile manufacturing uses e-commerce enabled technology in a decentralized organizational setting, it remains unclear how these individual capabilities should be linked to other

  4. Concurrent expression of erythroid and renal aquaporin CHIP and appearance of water channel activity in perinatal rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, B L; Baumgarten, R; Nielsen, S; D. Raben; Zeidel, M L; Agre, P

    1993-01-01

    Major phenotypic changes occur in red cell membranes during the perinatal period, but the underlying molecular explanations remain poorly defined. Aquaporin CHIP, the major erythroid and renal water channel, was studied in perinatal rats using affinity-purified anti-CHIP IgG for immunoblotting, flow cytometry, and immunofluorescence microscopy. CHIP was not detected in prenatal red cells but was first identified in circulating red cells on the third postnatal day. Most circulating red cells w...

  5. Agile Supply Chain Reengineering Based on Multi-Objective Global Performance Measurement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王炬香; 奚立峰; 王安麟; 胡宗武

    2003-01-01

    The process and related technology of agile supply chain reengineering is discussed in this paper. The process of supply chain reengineering is divided into two parts here: structure reengineering and operation strategy reengineering. Multi-agent concept is adopted in the structure reengineering for the convenience of the modeling. Enterprises in the agile supply chain are expressed as corresponding agents with specified characteristics. Cost and response time are adopted as the main objectives of the global supply chain performance measurement. A virtual simplified supply chain is used to illustrate the role of overall supply chain performance measurement in the reengineering process.

  6. ChIP-on-chip analysis identifies IL-22 as direct target gene of ectopically expressed FOXP3 transcription factor in human T cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeron Andreas

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The transcription factor (TF forkhead box P3 (FOXP3 is constitutively expressed at high levels in naturally occurring CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (nTregs. It is not only the most accepted marker for that cell population but is also considered lineage determinative. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP of TFs in combination with genomic tiling microarray analysis (ChIP-on-chip has been shown to be an appropriate tool for identifying FOXP3 transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs on a genome-wide scale. In combination with microarray expression analysis, the ChIP-on-chip technique allows identification of direct FOXP3 target genes. Results ChIP-on-chip analysis of the human FOXP3 expressed in resting and PMA/ionomycin–stimulated Jurkat T cells revealed several thousand putative FOXP3 binding sites and demonstrated the importance of intronic regions for FOXP3 binding. The analysis of expression data showed that the stimulation-dependent down-regulation of IL-22 was correlated with direct FOXP3 binding in the IL-22 promoter region. This association was confirmed by real-time PCR analysis of ChIP-DNA. The corresponding ChIP-region also contained a matching FOXP3 consensus sequence. Conclusions Knowledge of the general distribution patterns of FOXP3 TFBSs in the human genome under resting and activated conditions will contribute to a better understanding of this TF and its influence on direct target genes, as well as its importance for the phenotype and function of Tregs. Moreover, FOXP3-dependent repression of Th17-related IL-22 may be relevant to an understanding of the phenomenon of Treg/Th17 cell plasticity.

  7. Contribution of Agility to Successful Distributed Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarker, Saonee; Munson, Charles L.; Sarker, Suprateek; Chakraborty, Suranjan

    In recent times, both researchers and practitioners have touted agility as the latest innovation in distributed software development (DSD). In spite of this acknowledgement, there is little understanding and evidence surrounding the effect of agility on distributed project success. This chapter reports on a study that examines practitioner views surrounding the relative importance of different sub-types of agility to DSD project success. Preliminary results indicate that practitioners view on-time completion of DSD projects, and effective collaboration amongst stakeholders as the top two criteria of DSD project success, with lower emphasis on within-budget considerations. Among the many agility sub-types examined, people-based agility, communication-based agility, methodological agility, and time-based agility emerged as the most important for practitioners in terms of ensuring DSD project success.

  8. Results of agile project management implementation in software engineering companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suetin Sergei

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile project management methodologies, tools and techniques have been becoming more and more popular among Russian and foreign software companies. Though the agile software project management methodologies appear to be more flexible and sound alternative to traditional project management approaches, the practice of agile project management implementation needs more research. The article presents the research on the practical results of agile project management implementation in Russian software engineering companies. The survey-based study covers 8 companies and 35 their projects managed with the help of agile methodologies. In contrast to some optimistic researchers of agile practices, the research findings show that in the investigated projects agile project management led to the deterioration of cost and schedule performance. However, the quality, both perceived by clients and assessed by internal technical analysts, improved after the implementation of agile software project management practices.

  9. Modeling and Architectural Design in Agile Development Methodologies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stojanovic, Z.; Dahanayake, A.; Sol, H

    2003-01-01

    Agile Development Methodologies have been designed to address the problem of delivering high-quality software on time under constantly and rapidly changing requirements in business and IT environments. Agile development processes are characterized by extensive coding practice, intensive communicatio

  10. Cloud Computing and Agile Organization Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan GHILIC-MICU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the 3rd millennium economy, defined by globalization and continuous reduction of natural resources, the economic organization becomes the main actor in the phenomenon of transfor-mation and adaptation to new conditions. Even more, the economic environment, which is closely related to the social environment, undergoes complex metamorphoses, especially in the management area. In this dynamic and complex social and environmental context, the econom-ic organization must possess the ability to adapt, becoming a flexible and agile answer to new market opportunities. Considering the spectacular evolution of information and communica-tions technology, one of the solutions to ensure organization agility is cloud computing. Just like the development of any science requires adaptation to theories and instruments specific to other fields, a cloud computing paradigm for the agile organization must appeal to models from management, cybernetics, mathematics, structuralism and information theory (or information systems theory.

  11. The AGILE on-board Kalman filter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On-board reduction of particle background is one of the main challenges of space instruments dedicated to gamma-ray astrophysics. We present in this paper a discussion of the method and main simulation results of the on-board background filter of the Gamma-Ray Imaging Detector (GRID) of the AGILE mission. The GRID is capable of detecting and imaging with optimal point spread function gamma-ray photons in the range 30MeV-30GeV. The AGILE planned orbit is equatorial, with an altitude of 550km. This is an optimal orbit from the point of view of the expected particle background. For this orbit, electrons and positrons of kinetic energies between 20MeV and hundreds of MeV dominate the particle background, with significant contributions from high-energy (primary) and low-energy protons, and gamma-ray albedo-photons. We present here the main results obtained by extensive simulations of the on-board AGILE-GRID particle/photon background rejection algorithms based on a special application of Kalman filter techniques. This filter is applied (Level-2) sequentially after other data processing techniques characterizing the Level-1 processing. We show that, in conjunction with the Level-1 processing, the adopted Kalman filtering is expected to reduce the total particle/albedo-photon background rate to a value (=<10-30Hz) that is compatible with the AGILE telemetry. The AGILE on-board Kalman filter is also effective in reducing the Earth-albedo-photon background rate, and therefore contributes to substantially increase the AGILE exposure for celestial gamma-ray sources

  12. Embedding reflection and learning into agile software development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babb, Jeffry; Hoda, Rashina; Nørbjerg, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    The theoretical underpinnings of agile methods emphasize regular reflection as a means to sustainable development pace and continuous learning, but in practice, high iteration pressure can diminish reflection opportunities. The Reflective Agile Learning Model (REALM) combines insights and results...... from studies of agile development practices in India, New Zealand, and the US with Schön’s theory of reflective practice to embed reflection in everyday agile practices....

  13. Efficient Mechanisms for Task Allocation in Agile Supply Chain Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    An agile supply chain can be defined as a dynamic s up ply network of some autonomous or semi-autonomous business entities, which can well adapt to the competitive, cooperative and dynamic market environment Agile supply chain needs quick response ability to the unpredictable and ever-changin g market environment, and the entities in agile supply chain have complex relati onships of competition, cooperation and dynamics, which make agile supply chain management a very complex process that includes a lot ...

  14. An architecture for agile shop floor control systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, Gilad; Alting, Leo

    2000-01-01

    Changes in markets and global business trends affect the manufacturing environment in infinite ways. These changes have brought about the need for a paradigm shift to reassess the manner in which manufacturing systems are developed and operated. New theories and concepts present solutions to enab...... that is inherently agile. This agility is achieved through two performance parameters: operational agility, allowing for operational change; and structural agility, allowing for structural changes and reconfiguration...

  15. Agile Service Development: A Rule-Based Method Engineering Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppenbrouwers, S.J.B.A.; Zoet, M.; Versendaal, J.; van de Weerd, I.

    2011-01-01

    Agile software development has evolved into an increasingly mature software development approach and has been applied successfully in many software vendors’ development departments. In this position paper, we address the broader agile service development. Based on method engineering principles we define a framework that conceptualizes an operational way of working for the development of services, emphatically taking into account agility. As a first level of agility, the framework contains sit...

  16. On the Current Measurement Practices in Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Taghi Javdani Gandomani; Hazura Zulzalil; Abdul Azim Abd. Ghani; Abu Bakar Md Sultan

    2012-01-01

    Agile software development (ASD) methods were introduced as a reaction to traditional software development methods. Principles of these methods are different from traditional methods and so there are some different processes and activities in agile methods comparing to traditional methods. Thus ASD methods require different measurement practices comparing to traditional methods. Agile teams often do their projects in the simplest and most effective way so, measurement practices in agile metho...

  17. Adaptation of Agile Practices : A Systematic Review and Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Kongyai, Budsadee; Edi, Edi

    2011-01-01

    Context. Due to the uniqueness of software projects there is no single Agile development approach that ideally fits all project contexts. Each software project is unique, whether in its subject area, development team, or project size. Because of this, adapting Agile practices according to project circumstances is a must. There has been a number of literature published discussing Agile practices adaptation topic. However, it is still unclear how to adapt Agile practices. Therefore, researchers...

  18. Effective factors in agile transformation process from change management perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Gandomani, Taghi Javdani; Zulzalil, Hazura; Ghani, Abdul Azim Abdul; Sultan, Abu Bakar Md

    2013-01-01

    After introducing agile approach in 2001, several agile methods were founded over the last decade. Agile values such as customer collaboration, embracing changes, iteration and frequent delivery, continuous integration, etc. motivate all software stakeholders to use these methods in their projects. The main issue is that for using these methods instead of traditional methods in software development, companies should change their approach from traditional to agile. This change is a fundamental...

  19. An Investigation of Team Effectiveness in Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Haraldsen, Lars Martin Riiser

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Agile teamwork has been widely used and accepted in today's industry of software development. The methods in agile teamwork claim to improve performance and predictability, and has during the past years become the target for an emerging area of research. The majority of the existing studies concerning agile teamwork mainly focus around eXtreme Programming (XP). Abstract This report is one of few that discuss teamwork in software development having the agile methodology “Scr...

  20. Balancing Agility and Discipline in a Medical Device Software Organisation

    OpenAIRE

    Mc Hugh, Martin; McCaffery, Fergal; Fitzgerald, Brian; Stol, Klass-Jan; COADY, Garret; Casey, Valentine

    2013-01-01

    peer-reviewed Agile development techniques are becoming increasingly popular in the generic software development industry as they appear to offer solutions to the problems associated with following a plan-driven Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). However, agile methods may not be suited to all industries or organisations. For agile methods to succeed, an organisation must be structured in a way to accommodate agile methods. Medical device software development organisations are bound b...

  1. A paradoxical perspective on contradictions in agile software development

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaofeng; ?? Conch??ir, Eoin; Vidgen, Richard

    2008-01-01

    peer-reviewed An ongoing debate on agile methods focuses on the contradictions in software development, especially responding to change vs. following a plan, and people vs. processes. Unlike the ???either-or??? perspective adopted in the existing agile literature, this paper introduces a paradoxical view on the contradictions in agile software development and uses two agile processes to illustrate it, arguing that a paradoxical perspective can help to gain a better understanding of t...

  2. On the Current Measurement Practices in Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Javdani, Taghi; Zulzalil, Hazura; Ghani, Abdul Azim Abd.; Sultan, Abu Bakar Md; Parizi, Reza Meimandi

    2013-01-01

    Agile software development (ASD) methods were introduced as a reaction to traditional software development methods. Principles of these methods are different from traditional methods and so there are some different processes and activities in agile methods comparing to traditional methods. Thus ASD methods require different measurement practices comparing to traditional methods. Agile teams often do their projects in the simplest and most effective way so, measurement practices in agile metho...

  3. PEOPLE FACTORS IN AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Vikash Lalsing; Somveer Kishnah; Sameerchand Pudaruth

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing popularity of Agile Methods, many software organisations are moving away fromtraditional methods to adopt Agile development methodologies. Instead of being predictive, Agile israther adaptive and people-focussed. It advocates a small and collaborative team that work closelytogether. But team size is a factor that is in turn constrained by people factors. When implementingAgile, these key factors are often overlooked. This study aims at identifying the underlying peoplefact...

  4. Scaling agile methods to regulated environments: an industry case study

    OpenAIRE

    Fitzgerald, Brian; Stol, Klaas-Jan; O'Sullivan, Ryan; O'Brien, Donal

    2013-01-01

    peer-reviewed Agile development methods are growing in popularity with a recent survey reporting that more than 80% of organizations now following an agile approach. Agile methods were seen initially as best suited to small, co-located teams developing non-critical systems. The first two constraining characteristics (small and co-located teams) have been addressed as research has emerged describing successful agile adoption involving large teams and distributed context...

  5. Effective Implementation of Agile Practices - Ingenious and Organized Theoretical Framework

    OpenAIRE

    Veerapaneni Esther Jyothi; MR. K.NAGESWARA RAO

    2011-01-01

    Delivering software in traditional ways is challenged by agile software development to provide a very different approach to software development. Agile methods aim at fast, light and efficient than any other vigorous method to develop and support customers business without being chaotic. Agile software development methods claim to be people-oriented rather than process-oriented and adaptive rather than predictive. Solid Determination and Dedicated efforts are required in agile development to ...

  6. Improvements In Agile Manifesto For Small Software Development Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Ratnmala Raval,; Haresh Rathod

    2014-01-01

    Now a day’s business environment is much more dynamic, and organizations are constantly changing their software requirements to adjust to the new environment. They also insist on fast delivery of software products as well as for accepting changing requirements. Agile is swift active and quick to respond, and this is what agile software development methodology refers to. Agile methods are much attracted to small projects, but no agile methods workings glowing as a standalone sy...

  7. Agile in the context of Software Maintenance : A Case Study

    OpenAIRE

    Devulapally, Gopi Krishna

    2015-01-01

    Context: Adopting agile practices has proven to be successful for many practitioners both academically and practically in development scenario. But the context of agile practices adoption during software maintenance is partially studied and is mostly focused on benefits. The success factors of agile practices during development cannot be related to maintenance, as maintenance differs in many aspects from development. The context of this research is to study the adoption of different agile pra...

  8. Adapting Configuration Management for Agile Teams Balancing Sustainability and Speed

    CERN Document Server

    Moreira, Mario E

    2009-01-01

    Adapting Configuration Management for Agile Teams provides very tangible approaches on how Configuration Management with its practices and infrastructure can be adapted and managed in order to directly benefit agile teams. Written by Mario E. Moreira, author of Software Configuration Management Implementation Roadmap , columnist for CM Crossroads online community and writer for the Agile Journal, this unique book provides concrete guidance on tailoring CM for Agile projects without sacrificing the principles of Configuration Management.

  9. From agile to lean: the perspectives of the two agile online communities of interest

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaofeng; Lane, Michael; Conboy, Kieran

    2011-01-01

    peer-reviewed In the last several years there has been a noticeable focus shift of agile methods from eXtreme Programming (XP) and Scrum to Lean approaches, which is indicated as ???from agile to lean???. However our understanding of the driving factors behind this focus shift is very limited. The study proposed in this paper attempts to investigate the shift through a content analysis of two major agile mailing lists. The expected result is a set of driving factors behind the shift from a...

  10. Differences in pre-planned agility and reactive agility performance in sport games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaromír Šimonek

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Authors in their contribution point to the differences in the methods of measurement of agility in the practice. Based on the experience of coaches as well as on their own experience have come to the conclusion that the Illinois Agility Test, which has long been used for the testing of agility in fact does not measure perception abilities and decision-making processes, since motor activity performed during the testing procedure represents a closed skill, where the only task of the tested person is to accelerate, decelerate and change the direction of running, while the task is known in advance. On the contrary, some authors recommend the testing of agility using apparatuses measuring selective reaction, such as Fitro Agility Check. Objective: The aim of the research was to find out differences in the performance of players from the point of view of sport specialization and also to assess the relationship between the performance of players in two agility tests (Illinois Agility Test, measuring the ability of simple reaction, acceleration, deceleration and changes of movement direction, as well as Fitro Agility Check, measuring the above mentioned processes plus the ones of perception and decision-making. Methods: The sample comprised basketball (G1, volleyball (G2 and soccer (G3 players (N = 55 boys, Mage = 15.78 years, age range = 14-17 years from sport clubs in Slovakia. Illinois Agility Test (IAT was used for testing acceleration and deceleration speed, simple reaction as well as changes of direction. Time of the trial was recorded by Microgate photocells. Fitro Agility Check (FAC was used for the testing of reactive agility. Differences between independent groups were assessed using Kruskal-Wallis H test, or Mann-Whitney U test. Non-parametric Spearman correlation coefficient was used for detecting whether any correlation between the two variables exists (results in FAC vs IAT. Results: The greatest differences

  11. Agile project management managing for success

    CERN Document Server

    Crowder, James A

    2015-01-01

    Management and enables them to deal with the demands and complexities of modern, agile systems/software/hardware development teams. The book examines the project/program manager beyond the concepts of leadership and aims to connect to employees' sense of identity. The text examines human psychological concepts such as "locus of control," which will help the manager understand their team members' view and how best to manage their "world" contributions. The authors cover new management tools and philosophies for agile systems/software/hardware development teams, with a specific focus on how this

  12. Considerations Regarding the Agile Development of Portals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Muntean

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting with methodologies, methods and techniques used generally in the development of information systems, a personal approach regarding quick development of portals has been introduced. After a strict theoretical foundation the proposal has been applied within a real collaborative knowledge portal development project. We consider the proposed agile development approach (based on the prototype technique enriched with MDA valences suitable to all kind of information systems. The agile development framework establishes the life-cycle phases of product development taking into account the desired functionalities.

  13. Agile interferometry: a non-traditional approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riza, Nabeel A.; Yaqoob, Zahid

    2004-11-01

    A new approach called agile interferometry is introduced to attain interferometric information with high sensitivity and scenario-based intelligence. Compared to traditional interferometric techniques, the proposed method thrives on dynamic control of the reference signal strength and detector integration time for efficient interferometric detection with high signal-to-noise ratio and significantly improved detected signal dynamic range capabilities. Theoretical analysis is presented with the operational methodology of the new approach. A high-speed optical attenuator is required in the interferometer reference arm to implement the proposed agile interferometer.

  14. Control design for future agile fighters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Patrick C.; Davidson, John B.

    1991-01-01

    The CRAFT control design methodology is presented. CRAFT stands for the design objectives addressed, namely, Control power, Robustness, Agility, and Flying Qualities Tradeoffs. The approach combines eigenspace assignment, which allows for direct specification of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, and a graphical approach for representing control design metrics that captures numerous design goals in one composite illustration. The methodology makes use of control design metrics from four design objective areas, namely, control power, robustness, agility, and flying qualities. An example of the CRAFT methodology as well as associated design issues are presented.

  15. Analyzing effective elements in agile supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babak Jamshidi Navid

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile supply chain plays an important role on having efficient production planning. There are different factors affecting the efficiency of a supply chain and the attempt of this paper is to find the most important elements in agile supply chain. The proposed model of this paper gathers decision makers' opinions and based on DEMATEL technique determines the most important items. The preliminary results of this survey indicate that we could divide the factors into four groups and two elements including automation and utilization of technical tools of relations and information play the most important roles among other factors.

  16. AGILITY INDEXES AND APPLICATION OF PRODUCTION PLANNING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Zhixiang

    2006-01-01

    The agility of production planning is defined as two characters: synchronization and flexibility. Measurement indexes for evaluating agility are then divided into two dimensions separately. Synchronization includes two horizontal indexes: order lead time ratio and demand fulfilling rate; Two vertical indexes: instruction-reaction cycle time and resource matching rate.Flexibility includes five indexes: scope flexibility, delivery flexibility, variety flexibility, capacity buffer, inventory buffer and modification flexibility. Quantitative formulas for each measurement index are constructed. One application is discussed to illustrate the feasibility and reasonability of the indexes.

  17. Agile project management with GreenHopper 6 blueprints

    CERN Document Server

    Malik, Jaibeer

    2013-01-01

    A step-by-step tutorial-based approach.This book is of great help for agile teams who are already using or planning to use the GreenHopper tooling system to execute agile projects. It suits all roles in an agile project including system administrators, stakeholders, product owners, scrum masters, and team members. Fundamental knowledge of JIRA is essential.

  18. Study of the Gene Expression Profile of Human Ovarian Carcinoma by a Gene Chip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shenhua Xu; Hanzhou Mou; Chihong Zhu; Lijuan Qian; Zhengyan Yang; Ye Ying; Xianglin Liu

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study the difference in gene expression between human ovarian carcinoma and normal ovarian tissues, and screen the novel associated genes by cDNA microarrays.METHODS Total RNA from 10 cases of ovarian cancer and from normal ovarian tissues were extracted by a single step method. The cDNA was retro-transcribed from an equal quantity of mRNA derived from the 10 cases of ovarian carcinoma and normal ovarian tissues, followed by labeling the cDNA strands with Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescence as probes. The mixed probes were hybridized with BiostarH 8464 dot human somatic cell genes.Fluorescence signals were assessed by a ScanArray 4000 laser scanner and the images analyzed by Gene Pix Pro 3.0 software with a digital computer.RESULTS By applying the cDNA microarray we found a total of 185 genes for which expression levels differed more than 5 times comparing human ovarian carcinoma with normal ovarian epithelium. Among these genes 86 were up-regulated >5 times and 99 were down regulated <0.2.CONCLUSION The cDNA microarray technique is effective in screening the differential gene expression between human ovarian cancers and normal ovarian epithelium. It is suggested that these genes identified are related to the genesis and development of ovarian carcinoma.

  19. A comparison of lifecycles : Agile software processes vs. projects in non-Agile software companies

    OpenAIRE

    Saarnak, Stefan; Gustafsson, Björn

    2003-01-01

    In the software industry a number of different software processes has been used throughout the years to address known problems with software development, despite their intention complains has been raised that some of these are too bureaucratic. The Agile Alliance was formed in 2001 and aimed to solve this problem, they developed a manifesto and twelve principles which are supported by all Agile software processes. The purpose with the manifesto and its principles is to uncover better ways of ...

  20. Agile attitude:Review of agile methods for use in design education

    OpenAIRE

    Ovesen, Nis; Eriksen, Kaare; Tollestrup, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Motivated by the growing number of hybrid products with extensive software and service components, this paper reviews four representative agile methods from the domain of software for their applicability to both the industrial design education and practice. The review is based on a comparative analysis of the methods through four scopes, including their application spectrum, level of guidance, process coverage and project management capabilities. Based on the analysis, it is argued that agile...

  1. Adaptive Autonomy for Agile Task Coordination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neef, R.M.; Vecht, B. van der

    2008-01-01

    Achieving high levels of agility and resilience in upcoming military organizations will require new ways of thinking about command and control. As traditional military organizations are gradually being equipped for new types of network-centric missions, it becomes obvious that we need rethink coordi

  2. Agility in a small software firm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Thomas; Mathiassen, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Small software firms are vulnerable to environmental uncertainty. While agile methods and other technologies offer suggestions to this challenge, we know little about how these firms combine project and firm level capabilities to effectively respond to changes. On this backdrop, we examine a small...

  3. Lean and Agile: An Epistemological Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browaeys, Marie-Joelle; Fisser, Sandra

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of the paper is to contribute to the discussion of treating the concepts of lean and agile in isolation or combination by presenting an alternative view from complexity thinking on these concepts, considering an epistemological approach to this topic. Design/methodology/approach: The paper adopts an epistemological approach, using…

  4. Agile Information System Supporting Virtual Enterprise Operation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许青松; 陶丹; 范玉顺

    2001-01-01

    Dynamic collaboration is a relationship of companies working together for mutual benefit to bring acomplementary set of competencies to gain a market opportunity. A mechanism to manage and controlinformation flow among collaborating partners is described in this paper. Analysis of the virtual informationsystem requirements was used to develop an agile manufacturing information system (AMIS) to create, sustainand dissolve a virtual enterprise.``

  5. Management of Innovative Projects through Agile Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radu Bucea-Manea-Tonis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Because of the globalization and the evolution of internet and technologies, nowadays the innovation is associated with open collaboration conducted by a legal framework. The paper analyses the methods that allow a better management for innovative projects and focuses on agile projects within a technological network.

  6. SuperAGILE data processing services

    CERN Document Server

    Lazzarotto, F; Del Monte, E; Donnarumma, I; Evangelista, Y; Feroci, M; Lapshov, I; Pacciani, L; Soffitta, P

    2009-01-01

    The SuperAGILE (SA) instrument is a X-ray detector for As- trophysics measurements, part of the Italian AGILE satellite for X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Astronomy launched at 23/04/2007 from India. SuperAGILE is now studying the sky in the 18 - 60 KeV energy band. It is detecting sources with advanced imaging and timing detection and good spectral detection capabilities. Several astrophysical sources has been detected and localized, including Crab, Vela and GX 301-2. The instrument has the skill to resolve correctly sources in a field of view of [-40, +40] degrees interval, with the angular resolution of 6 arcmin, and a spectral analysis with the resolution of 8 keV. Transient events are regularly detected by SA with the aid of its temporal resolution (2 microsec- onds) and using signal coincidence on different portions of the instrument, with confirmation from other observatories. The SA data processing scientic software performing at the AGILE Ground Segment is divided in modules, grouped in a processing pipeline na...

  7. Management of Innovative Projects through Agile Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Radu Bucea-Manea-Tonis; Rocsana Tonis (Bucea-Manea)

    2014-01-01

    Because of the globalization and the evolution of internet and technologies, nowadays the innovation is associated with open collaboration conducted by a legal framework. The paper analyses the methods that allow a better management for innovative projects and focuses on agile projects within a technological network.

  8. Legal Knowledge and Agility in Public Administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Boer; T. van Engers

    2013-01-01

    To address agility in public administration, we have developed a knowledge acquisition infrastructure for legal knowledge, based on an implementation-oriented conceptualization of the legal system. Our objective is to reframe legal knowledge as a knowledge source in a design-oriented task ontology,

  9. Agility and adaptive autonomy in networked organizations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Neef, R.M.; Vecht, B. van der

    2010-01-01

    In any multi-actor environment, there is an inevitable trade-off between achieving global coordination of activities and respecting the autonomy of the actors involved. Agile and resilient behavior demands dynamic coordination capabilities, but task and resource allocation quickly becomes challengin

  10. Complete gene expression profiling of Saccharopolyspora erythraea using GeneChip DNA microarrays

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bordoni Roberta

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Saccharopolyspora erythraea genome sequence, recently published, presents considerable divergence from those of streptomycetes in gene organization and function, confirming the remarkable potential of S. erythraea for producing many other secondary metabolites in addition to erythromycin. In order to investigate, at whole transcriptome level, how S. erythraea genes are modulated, a DNA microarray was specifically designed and constructed on the S. erythraea strain NRRL 2338 genome sequence, and the expression profiles of 6494 ORFs were monitored during growth in complex liquid medium. Results The transcriptional analysis identified a set of 404 genes, whose transcriptional signals vary during growth and characterize three distinct phases: a rapid growth until 32 h (Phase A; a growth slowdown until 52 h (Phase B; and another rapid growth phase from 56 h to 72 h (Phase C before the cells enter the stationary phase. A non-parametric statistical method, that identifies chromosomal regions with transcriptional imbalances, determined regional organization of transcription along the chromosome, highlighting differences between core and non-core regions, and strand specific patterns of expression. Microarray data were used to characterize the temporal behaviour of major functional classes and of all the gene clusters for secondary metabolism. The results confirmed that the ery cluster is up-regulated during Phase A and identified six additional clusters (for terpenes and non-ribosomal peptides that are clearly regulated in later phases. Conclusion The use of a S. erythraea DNA microarray improved specificity and sensitivity of gene expression analysis, allowing a global and at the same time detailed picture of how S. erythraea genes are modulated. This work underlines the importance of using DNA microarrays, coupled with an exhaustive statistical and bioinformatic analysis of the results, to understand the transcriptional

  11. Improving ISD Agility in Fast-Moving Software Organizations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Nørbjerg, Jacob; Nielsen, Peter Axel

    2016-01-01

    of agility predominantly focused separately on managing either the individual project or the organization. Limited research has investigated the management that ties the agility of individual projects with the company agility characterizing fast-moving organizations. This paper reports an action research...... study on how to improve ISD agility in a fast-moving software organization. The study maps central problems in the ISD management to direct improvements of agility. Our following intervention addressed method improvements in defining types of ISD by customer relations and integrating the method...... with the task management tool used by the organization. The paper discusses how the action research contributes to our understanding of ISD agility in fast-moving software organizations with a framework for mapping and evaluating improvements of agility. The action research specifically points out that project...

  12. PEOPLE FACTORS IN AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikash Lalsing

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing popularity of Agile Methods, many software organisations are moving away fromtraditional methods to adopt Agile development methodologies. Instead of being predictive, Agile israther adaptive and people-focussed. It advocates a small and collaborative team that work closelytogether. But team size is a factor that is in turn constrained by people factors. When implementingAgile, these key factors are often overlooked. This study aims at identifying the underlying peoplefactors to consider when adopting Agile for a team to be effective. The method used is the study ofthree different sized Agile teams developing products based on the same technologies and using Scrum.Both objective and subjective measures were used and the results are supported by a survey. Theresults clearly show that for agile methodologies to work well, it is crucial to select the right people forthe right team.

  13. Finding common denominators for agile software development : a systematic literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Saripalli, Phani Shashank; Darse, David Hem Paul

    2011-01-01

    Context: In the last decade, Agile software development methods were proposed as a response to plan-driven methods. The main aim for this paradigm shift was to cope up with constant changes. Core values that are central to agile methods are described in Agile Manifesto. Agile practices define how agile methods are implemented in practice. Objectives: This study aims to investigate what practices were considered and adopted as part of agile philosophy, and identify evidence on the use of agile...

  14. A Web-based and Grid-enabled dChip version for the analysis of large sets of gene expression data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scaglione Silvia

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray techniques are one of the main methods used to investigate thousands of gene expression profiles for enlightening complex biological processes responsible for serious diseases, with a great scientific impact and a wide application area. Several standalone applications had been developed in order to analyze microarray data. Two of the most known free analysis software packages are the R-based Bioconductor and dChip. The part of dChip software concerning the calculation and the analysis of gene expression has been modified to permit its execution on both cluster environments (supercomputers and Grid infrastructures (distributed computing. This work is not aimed at replacing existing tools, but it provides researchers with a method to analyze large datasets without any hardware or software constraints. Results An application able to perform the computation and the analysis of gene expression on large datasets has been developed using algorithms provided by dChip. Different tests have been carried out in order to validate the results and to compare the performances obtained on different infrastructures. Validation tests have been performed using a small dataset related to the comparison of HUVEC (Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells and Fibroblasts, derived from same donors, treated with IFN-α. Moreover performance tests have been executed just to compare performances on different environments using a large dataset including about 1000 samples related to Breast Cancer patients. Conclusion A Grid-enabled software application for the analysis of large Microarray datasets has been proposed. DChip software has been ported on Linux platform and modified, using appropriate parallelization strategies, to permit its execution on both cluster environments and Grid infrastructures. The added value provided by the use of Grid technologies is the possibility to exploit both computational and data Grid infrastructures to analyze

  15. Lean as Agile methodology – A Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Hari Kumar

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Many approaches and methodologies are available in the development of software with error free to its end user by fulfilling the values of stake-holders. Among the available methodologies Agile is a popular methodology which is introduced in 2001. Agile consists of various development processes such as Scrum, XP, Kanban, Lean and others. Among them Lean is one of the methodology in development of software domain which is adapted from Toyota Production System. This paper concentrates on how Lean sustains in the business stagnation because there exists some problems such as missing deadline, over development and ineffective management. Lean is having its own advantages and pitfalls. To overcome the pitfalls of Lean an adaptive approach is needed which may fit with existing industry standards.

  16. Management of Time Uncertainty in Agile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi Popli

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development represents a major departure from traditional methods of software engineering. It had huge impact on how software is developed worldwide. Agile software development solutions are targeted at enhancing work at project level. But it may encounter some uncertainties in its working. One of the key measures of the resilience of a project is its ability to reach completion, on time and on budget, regardless of the turbulent and uncertain environment it may operate within. Uncertainty of time is the problem which can lead to other uncertainties too. In uncertainty of time the main issue is that the how much delay will be caused by the uncertain environment and if the project manager comes to know about this delay before, then he can ask for that extra time from customer. So this paper tries to know about that extra time and calculate it.

  17. MANAGING UNCERTAINTY OF TIME IN AGILE ENVIRONMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi Popli

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development represents a major departure from traditional methods of software engineering. It had huge impact on how software is developed worldwide. Agile software development solutions are targeted at enhancing work at project level. But it may encounter some uncertainties in its working. One of the key measures of the resilience of a project is its ability to reach completion, on time and on budget, regardless of the turbulent and uncertain environment it may operate within. Uncertainty of time is the problem which can lead to other uncertainties too. In uncertainty of time the main issue is that the how much delay will be caused by the uncertain environment and if the project manager comes to know about this delay before, then he can ask for that extra time from customer. So this paper tries to know about that extra time and calculate it.

  18. Investigation of Adherence Degree of Agile Requirements Engineering Practices in Non-Agile Software Development Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mennatallah H. Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Requirements are critical for the success of software projects. Requirements are practically difficult to produce, as the hardest stage of building a software system is to decide what the system should do. Moreover, requirements errors are expensive to fix in the later phases of the software development life cycle. The rapidly changing business environment is highly challenging traditional Requirements Engineering (RE practices. Most of the software development organizations are working in such dynamic environment, as a result, either by or without their awareness agile methodologies are adopted in various phases of their software development cycles. The aim of this paper is to investigate the adherence degree of agile RE practices in various software development organizations that are classifying themselves as adopting traditional (i.e. non-agile software development methodologies. An approach is proposed for achieving this aim and it is applied on five different projects from four different organizations. The result shows that even the non-agile software development organizations are applying agile RE practices by different adherence degrees.

  19. Integrating agile practices into critical software development

    OpenAIRE

    Łukasiewicz, Katarzyna; Górski, Janusz

    2013-01-01

    International audience Development of safety-critical software is constrained by the requirements of numerous standards and recommendations. In consequence, the development costs and time are considerably higher. In order to deliver high quality products faster and at lower cost safety-critical software developers may look for more efficient approaches and in particular the agile development practices are considered as a promising alternative. In this text we describe our research towards ...

  20. Technical Excellence in Agile Software Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Pietola, Mikko

    2012-01-01

    The software industry has evolved over the past decades and it has become one of the most important industries of our time. Competition in the software industry environment is tight. The winners are often first on the market, their products deliver the requisite quality and functionality to their customers and they are able to adapt to business and technological changes rapidly. This means the leaders provide high quality software more quickly. The agile software development methods were ...

  1. Enabling Reusability in Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Sukhpal; Chana, Inderveer

    2012-01-01

    Software Engineering Discipline is constantly achieving momentum from past two decades. In last decade, remarkable progress has been observed. New process models that are introduced from time to time in order to keep pace with multidimensional demands of the industry. New software development paradigms are finding its place in industry such as Agile Software Development, Reuse based Development and Component based Development. But different software development models fail to satisfy many nee...

  2. Agility in the avionics software world

    OpenAIRE

    Wils, Andrew; Van Baelen, Stefan; Holvoet, Tom; De Vlaminck, Karel

    2006-01-01

    This paper(1) takes a look at how XP and other agile practices can improve a software process for the development of avionics software. Developers of mission critical airborne software are heavily constrained by the RTCA DO-178B regulations [8]. These regulations impose strict rules regarding traceability and documentation that make it extremely hard to employ an iterative software development process. In particular, the extra validation overhead increases the time spent on small iteration cy...

  3. Agility Evaluation of Mass Customization Product Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Mass Customization (MC) is one of the importance en te rprise produces modes in information age progressively. Mass Customization produ ct manufacturing is aimed at the objection of agile responding to customer deman d, market changing and market opportunities to combine with modern management te chnology and advanced manufacture technology, and to use the development model o f design for product family and technology concurrent. Therefore, in the environ ment of market continuing to change with a high spee...

  4. From Agile Software Development to Mercury Business

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, Janne; Huomo, Tua; Mikkonen, Tommi; Tyrväinen, Pasi

    2014-01-01

    The rapid downfall of the Nokia software ecosystem has radically altered the landscape of software industry in Finland in recent years. There has been a shift from largely corporate driven way of working, which is often dominant in large companies, to more agile practices, and in general software organizations are seeking new, leaner ways of composing, delivering, and using software also inside already established companies. To accelerate this transformation in large scale, a collaborative re...

  5. A Study on Effect of Electroacupuncture on Gene Expression in Hypothalamus of Rats with Stress-Induced Prehypertension Based on Gene Chip Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaojia Xie

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To explore the effect of electroacupuncture (EA on gene expression in the hypothalamus of rats with stress-induced prehypertension and try to reveal its biological mechanism with gene chip technology. Methods. The stress-induced hypertensive rat model was prepared by combining electric foot-shocks with generated noise. Molding cycle lasted for 14 days and EA intervention was applied on model + EA group during model preparation. Rat Gene 2.0 Array technology was used for the determination of gene expression profiles and the screened key genes were verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR method. Results. Compared with the blank group, 234 genes were upregulated and 73 were downregulated in the model group. Compared with the model group, 110 genes were upregulated and 273 genes were downregulated in model + EA group. The PCR results of the key genes including HSPB1, P2RX4, PPP1R14A, and TH are consistent with that of gene chip test. Conclusion. EA could significantly lower blood pressure of stress-induced prehypertension rats and affect its gene expression profile in hypothalamus. Genes and their signal transduction pathway that related to the contraction of vascular smooth muscle, concentration of Ca2+, and excitability of sympathetic nerve may be involved in EA’s antihypertensive mechanism.

  6. Running an agile software development project

    CERN Document Server

    Holcombe, Mike

    2008-01-01

    A Practical Approach To Building Small To Medium Software Systems For Real Business Clients Based on more than 100 actual commercial projects, this book clearly explains how to run an agile software development project that delivers high-quality, high-value solutions to business clients. It concentrates on the practical, social, business, and management aspects as well as the technical issues involved. Professor Holcombe successfully connects readers with the wave of "Agile 2.0" concepts that take the techniques of agile development and place them in the service of business goals. Since it is widely believed that the use of Windows XP will become much more common in coming years, readers should be armed with cutting-edge knowledge of the latest practices in the field. Further features of the book include: Case studies provide real-world examples and describe how XP was introduced into the environment Analysis is provided to help readers determine which elements of XP are suitable for the unique challenges and...

  7. Agile manufacturing: The factory of the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loibl, Joseph M.; Bossieux, Terry A.

    1994-01-01

    The factory of the future will require an operating methodology which effectively utilizes all of the elements of product design, manufacturing and delivery. The process must respond rapidly to changes in product demand, product mix, design changes or changes in the raw materials. To achieve agility in a manufacturing operation, the design and development of the manufacturing processes must focus on customer satisfaction. Achieving greatest results requires that the manufacturing process be considered from product concept through sales. This provides the best opportunity to build a quality product for the customer at a reasonable rate. The primary elements of a manufacturing system include people, equipment, materials, methods and the environment. The most significant and most agile element in any process is the human resource. Only with a highly trained, knowledgeable work force can the proper methods be applied to efficiently process materials with machinery which is predictable, reliable and flexible. This paper discusses the affect of each element on the development of agile manufacturing systems.

  8. Analysis of motion on agile shell-feeding system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Since cannon drum of agile shell-feeding system rotates frequently and intermittently, its motion must be steady. Outline of driving cam determines the motion of cannon drum, so it is necessary to select the proper outline of cam. Through analysis of parabolic outline and cycloid outline of the cams, the outline that combines the two curves is obtained. According to the demand of production,the value of the outline is revised, and then the method of fitting curve is used to get the expression of the angle of cam and the displacement of the driven part. Through analyzing the motion of the cannon drum, it is suggested that the angle of the cam is proportion to the displacement of the driven part. The cam with the specially derived outline can move steadily.

  9. Global agility: The R and D vision for an agile enterprise

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, K.

    1994-12-31

    The author, Vice President - NAO Research and Development Center, General Motors Corporation, in addressing the subject of agility in the automotive industry, defines what an agile enterprise is and discusses what General Motors Corporation is doing in the area of research and development (R&D) as an agile organization. Among the examples he describes are GM`s nationwide electric vehicle demonstration program, Information Accelerator (GM`s new interactive multimedia technology), the role of GM in the Partnership for a New Generation Vehicle (PNGV), GM`s Integrated Vehicle Design and Analysis (IVDA), and GM R&D`s software-driven knitting process, called 3-D Knit, that can replicate a photograph or artwork throughout the interior of the car.

  10. Future Research in Agile Systems Development: Applying Open Innovation Principles Within the Agile Organisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conboy, Kieran; Morgan, Lorraine

    A particular strength of agile approaches is that they move away from ‘introverted' development and intimately involve the customer in all areas of development, supposedly leading to the development of a more innovative and hence more valuable information system. However, we argue that a single customer representative is too narrow a focus to adopt and that involvement of stakeholders beyond the software development itself is still often quite weak and in some cases non-existent. In response, we argue that current thinking regarding innovation in agile development needs to be extended to include multiple stakeholders outside the business unit. This paper explores the intra-organisational applicability and implications of open innovation in agile systems development. Additionally, it argues for a different perspective of project management that includes collaboration and knowledge-sharing with other business units, customers, partners, and other relevant stakeholders pertinent to the business success of an organisation, thus embracing open innovation principles.

  11. Flexible Workflow Management in Agile Supply Chain System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With the vehement development of global competition , Agile Supply Chain (ASC) becomes an effective approach that supports dynamic ent erprise alliance and realizes agile manufacturing, as for the enterprises to cap ture market opportunities rapidly and strengthen their anti-risk ability. As Ag ile Supply Chain System (ASCS) is dynamic and distributed, the realization of it 's processes needs to be much flexible. Often in Agile Supply Chain System (ASCS ), there are many dynamic tasks, many changes of the ...

  12. Comparison between Agile and Traditional software development methodologies

    OpenAIRE

    JAVANMARD, Mahdi; ALIAN, Maryam

    2015-01-01

    Abstract.This paper is a review  research about the features of the agile and heavy (traditional) software development methodologies and comparisons between them based on: Approach, Success Measurement, Project size, Management Style, Perspective to Change, Culture, Documentation, Emphasis, Cycles, Domain, Upfront Planning, Return on Investment and Team Size. The important difference between agile and heavy methodologies is  the adaptability for project changes. In agile methodologies changes...

  13. Agile Testing on an Embedded Field Programmable Gate Array Platform

    OpenAIRE

    Vlaev, Todor

    2011-01-01

    Agile software methodologies are the state of art methodologies used on current software projects. Testing is one of the main pillars of agile development and many of the practices are common among various flavours of the methodologies. Despite their wide-spread adoption in different domains, agile testing practices still seem to be a novel concept on embedded programming projects. This is specifically true when it comes to hardware design modeling. Thus, the goal of this project was to intro...

  14. Applying Adapted Big Five Teamwork Theory to Agile Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Strode, Diane

    2016-01-01

    Teamwork is a central tenet of agile software development and various teamwork theories partially explain teamwork in that context. Big Five teamwork theory is one of the most influential teamwork theories, but prior research shows that the team leadership concept in this theory it is not applicable to agile software development. This paper applies an adapted form of Big Five teamwork theory to cases of agile software development. Three independent cases were drawn from a single organisation....

  15. Agility performance in athletes of different sport specializations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Zemková

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Data on agility skills in different populations using pre-planned, change of direction speed tests have previously been reported. However, there are no available data on the agility times of athletes specializing in different sports obtained from Reactive agility tests. Objective: The study compares agility time in groups of athletes of different sports where agility is one of the limiting factors of performance. Methods: Altogether 282 athletes of 14 sport specializations performed the Agility test. Their task was to touch, as fast as possible, with either the left or the right foot, one of four mats located outside each of the four corners of a 0.8 m square. The mats had to be touched in accordance with the location of a stimulus in one of the corners of a screen. The test consisted of 60 visual stimuli with random generation of their location on the screen and a time of generation of 500 to 2,500 ms. The result was a sum of the 32 best agility times. Results: The Agility test has been found to be sensitive in distinguishing groups of athletes of different sport specializations. Table tennis players, badminton players, fencers, tae-kwon-do competitors and karate competitors showed the best agility times (< 350 ms, followed by ice-hockey, tennis, soccer, volleyball, basketball, and hockeyball players (350-400 ms, then aikidoists (400-450 ms, and finally judoists and wrestlers (450-500 ms. Conclusions: The best agility times are in athletes of racquet sports, followed by competitors of combat sports with reactions to visual stimuli, then players of ball sports, and finally competitors of combat sports with reactions to tactile stimuli. Since this is the first study testing agility skills using the Reactive agility test in athletes of different sport specializations, data obtained can be used for comparison of athletes within particular sports.

  16. Factor Analysis: Investigating Important Aspects for Agile Adoption in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Asnawi, Ani Liza; Gravell, Andrew; Wills, Gary

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on identifying the important aspects of Agile adoption from software practitioners in Malaysia. We analyse 27 Agile adoption variables from a survey of early Agile users in Malaysia. Factor analysis is conducted to identify the clusters of the variables (or items) and how they are inter-related to produce factors. Most of the respondents are from software organisations in Kuala Lumpur and Selangor; in which most of the companies are located in Malaysia. The clusters of vari...

  17. Towards better understanding of agile values in global software development

    OpenAIRE

    Agerfalk, Par J.

    2006-01-01

    peer-reviewed Globally distributed software development (GSD) and agile methods are two current and important trends in software and systems engineering. While agile methods seem to cope well with increasingly changing business environments, it is far from obvious how these light-weight processes can best contribute to GSD. In this paper, method rationale is proposed as an analytical tool to understand the values that underpin agile methods and how these map to the GSD do...

  18. Adopting Agile Practices when Developing Medical Device Software

    OpenAIRE

    Mc Hugh, Martin; McCaffery, Fergal; COADY, Garret

    2015-01-01

    Agile methods are gaining momentum amongst the developers of non-safety critical software. They offer the ability to improve development time, increase quality and reduce development costs. Despite this, the rate of adoption of agile methods within safety critical domains remains low. On face value agile methods appear to be contradictory to regulatory requirements. However while they may appear contradictory, they align on key values such as the development of the highest quality software. T...

  19. Grounding and making sense of agile software development.

    OpenAIRE

    Woodman, Mark; Moteleb, Aboubakr A.

    2009-01-01

    The paper explores areas of strategic frameworks for sense-making, knowledge management and Grounded Theory methodologies to offer a rationalization of some aspects of agile software development. In a variety of projects where knowledge management form part of the solution we have begun to see activities and principles that closely correspond to many aspects of the wide family of agile development methods. We offer reflection on why as a community we are attracted to agile methods and conside...

  20. Application of Agile Methods in Distributed Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Kuziwa, Ally; Ndagire, Kazibwe Flavia

    2016-01-01

    Agile software development methods are characterized by developer’s empowerment through self-organization, incremental requirements and constant knowledge sharing. Despite some effort to elaborate how successfully agile methods can be applied in co-located development teams, little is known on how the same is done when the development teams are distributed. Our research focus is to uncover factors that influence the successful application of agile methods in distributed development teams usin...

  1. Agile practices: the impact on trust in software project teams

    OpenAIRE

    McHugh, Orla; Conboy, Kieran; Lang, Michael

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed People are core to any software development effort, but they???re particularly important in an agile team. The Agile Manifesto places great emphasis on the team, encouraging autonomy and giving individuals the environment and support they need to get the job done.1 Leadership is shared, and the agile team has substantially more control, which dramatically changes the project manager???s role.2 Managers must have greater trust that their team will make the right decisions and ...

  2. An Adaptive XP-based approach to Agile Development

    OpenAIRE

    Liao, Gang; Liu, Lei; Luo, Lian

    2012-01-01

    Software design is gradually becoming open, distributed, pervasive, and connected. It is a sad statistical fact that software projects are scientifically fragile and tend to fail more than other engineering fields. Agile development is a philosophy. And agile methods are processes that support the agile philosophy. XP places a strong emphasis on technical practices in addition to the more common teamwork and structural practices. In this paper, we elaborate how XP practices can be used to thi...

  3. Agile Security Requirements : A master study into their application

    OpenAIRE

    Knudsen, Anders Nordli

    2014-01-01

    Agile is the contemporary development practice of choice but security has been claimed as a challenge for it. This thesis investigates whether agile methods can be used for security-critical software and if the reason why the majority of Norwegian companies deviate from the agile methodology in their development is linked to security, by looking at the security requirements. A questionnaire and interviews of Norwegian companies were undertaken, and while the questionnaire did not yield any re...

  4. Analysis of genome-wide gene expression in root of wheat hybrid and its parents using Barley1 GeneChip

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Yinhong; NI Zhongfu; YAO Yingyin; ZHAO Jun; SUN Qixin

    2006-01-01

    Previous studies indicated that differential gene expression between hybrids and their parents is responsible for the heterosis. In this paper, we report genome-wide gene expression analysis in roots of a highly heterotic inter-specific hybrid 3338/2463 and its parental inbreds using Barley GeneChip. A total of 1187 genes displayed difference in gene expressions between hybrid 3338/2463 and its parents, and they can be clustered into eight differential expression patterns. Further analysis revealed that among these 1187 genes, 975genes showed high sequence similarity to the GenBank entries, and represented diverse functional categories, such as metabolism, cell growth and maintenance, signal transduction, response to stress, transcription regulation and others. Fourteen genes were selected for RT-PCR analysis and expression patterns of 9 (64.29%) genes were confirmed. Remarkably, 380 differentially expressed genes could be mapped on the Chinese Spring deletion bins, and with the number of genes in seven homoeologous groups being 158, 148, 121, 140,132, 94 and 127 respectively. It is concluded that a combination of systematic identification of differentially expressed genes with comparative mapping would provide further insight into understanding of molecular basis of heterosis.

  5. Applying Agile MethodstoWeapon/Weapon-Related Software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adams, D; Armendariz, M; Blackledge, M; Campbell, F; Cloninger, M; Cox, L; Davis, J; Elliott, M; Granger, K; Hans, S; Kuhn, C; Lackner, M; Loo, P; Matthews, S; Morrell, K; Owens, C; Peercy, D; Pope, G; Quirk, R; Schilling, D; Stewart, A; Tran, A; Ward, R; Williamson, M

    2007-05-02

    This white paper provides information and guidance to the Department of Energy (DOE) sites on Agile software development methods and the impact of their application on weapon/weapon-related software development. The purpose of this white paper is to provide an overview of Agile methods, examine the accepted interpretations/uses/practices of these methodologies, and discuss the applicability of Agile methods with respect to Nuclear Weapons Complex (NWC) Technical Business Practices (TBPs). It also provides recommendations on the application of Agile methods to the development of weapon/weapon-related software.

  6. Agile kaizen managing continuous improvement far beyond retrospectives

    CERN Document Server

    Medinilla, Ángel

    2014-01-01

    Agile teams have been struggling with the concept of continuous improvement since the first Agile frameworks were developed, and still very little has been written about the practice of continuous improvement in Agile environments. Although team retrospectives have been prescribed and some practices have been introduced in order to implement and facilitate them, the truth is that most Agile teams are conducting dull retrospectives that end with a list of things that have been done wrong, just to repeat the same list two weeks later at the next meeting.Instead of listing hundreds of Japanese-la

  7. Systematic Literature Review of Agile Scalability for Large Scale Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hina saeeda

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In new methods, “agile” has come out as the top approach in software industry for the development of the soft wares. With different shapes agile is applied for handling the issues such as low cost, tight time to market schedule continuously changing requirements, Communication & Coordination, team size and distributed environment. Agile has proved to be successful in the small and medium size project, however, it have several limitations when applied on large size projects. The purpose of this study is to know agile techniques in detail, finding and highlighting its restrictions for large size projects with the help of systematic literature review. The systematic literature review is going to find answers for the Research questions: 1 How to make agile approaches scalable and adoptable for large projects?2 What are the existing methods, approaches, frameworks and practices support agile process in large scale projects? 3 What are limitations of existing agile approaches, methods, frameworks and practices with reference to large scale projects? This study will identify the current research problems of the agile scalability for large size projects by giving a detail literature review of the identified problems, existed work for providing solution to these problems and will find out limitations of the existing work for covering the identified problems in the agile scalability. All the results gathered will be summarized statistically based on these finding remedial work will be planned in future for handling the identified limitations of agile approaches for large scale projects.

  8. Research of Agile Supply Chain Management Decision Support System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Agile Supply Chain Management (ASCM) is an important topic and has received much attention recently.ASCM is a new management technology.Agile Supply Chain Management Decision Support System (ASCM-DSS) is presented.Firstly, agile supply chain management technology is introduced.Secondly a decision support system for agile supply chain management is proposed.Then, the implementation of ASCM-DSS in enterprise is discussed.Finally, a fuzzy intelligence decision-making process in Shanghai Turbine Generator Company (STGC) is described in detail.

  9. A Review of Security Integration Technique in Agile Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Khaim

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development has gained a lot of popularity in the software industry due to its iterative and incremental approach as well as user involvement. Agile has also been criticized due to lack of its ability to deliver secure software. In this paper, extensive literature has been performed, in order to highlight the existing security issues in agile software development. Majority of challenges reported in literature, occurred due to lack of involvement of security expert. Improving security of a software system without damaging the real essence of Agile can achieved with the continuous involvement of security engineer throughout development lifecycle with its defined role and responsibilities.

  10. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF METRICS IN SOFTWARE AGILE PROJECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrita Raj Mukker

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This is a review paper in which things discussed would be about the various software metrics and about agile methodology. Nowadays Agile practices are increasing popularity in software development communities. This paper is a summary of the various metrics, agile and agile methodology used in software industries. Further this papers shows how Extreme Programming practices (XP could enhance the development and implementation of a large -scale and geographically distributed systems .Adaptation of Extreme Programming practices in the project has increased the human factor output and its has helped in bringing up promising idea to enhance the conceptualization and implementation as well as future extensions of large scale projects.

  11. Systematic Review of Metrics in Software Agile Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrita Raj Mukker

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This is a review paper in which things discussed would be about the various software metrics and about agile methodology. Nowadays Agile practices are increasing popularity in software development communities. This paper is a summary of the various metrics, agile and agile methodology used in software industries. Further this papers shows how Extreme Programming practices (XP could enhance the development and imp lementation of a large -scale and geographically distributed systems .Adaptation of Extreme Programming practices in the project has increased the human factor output and its has helped in bringing up promising idea to enhance the conceptualization and implementation as well as future extensions of large scale projects.

  12. Barriers to Learning in Agile Software Development Projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Babb, Jeffry S.; Hoda, Rashina; Nørbjerg, Jacob

    2013-01-01

    The adoption of agile methods promises many advantages for individual, team, and organizational learning. However, environmental, structural, and organizational/cultural constraints often find teams adapting agile software development methods rather than engaging in full adoption. We present...... results from two qualitative studies of teams and organizations that have, in many cases, adapted agile software methods to suit their needs through the omission or alteration of aspects of the method. In many cases, aspects of an agile method that are most related to learning were those that were...

  13. DNA chip-based expression profile analysis indicates involvement of the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway in multiple plant responses to hormone and abiotic treatments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wen Hui LIN; Rui YE; Hui MA; Zhi Hong XU; Hong Wei XUE

    2004-01-01

    The phosphatidylinositol (PI) metabolic pathway is considered critical in plant responses to many environmental factors,and previous studies have indicated the involvement of multiple PI-related gene families during cellular responses.Through a detailed analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana genome,82 polypeptides were identified as being involved in PI signaling. These could be grouped into different families including PI synthases (PIS),PI-phosphate kinases (PIPK),phospholipases (PL),inositol polyphosphate phosphatases (IPPase),inositol polyphosphate kinases (IPK),PI transfer proteins and putative inositol polyphosphate receptors. The presence of more than 10 isoforms of PIPK,PLC,PLD and IPPase suggested that these genes might be differentially expressed during plant cellular responses or growth and development. Accordingly,DNA chip technology was employed to study the expression patterns of various isoforms.In total,79 mRNA clones were amplified and used for DNA chip generation. Expression profile analysis was performed using samples that represented multiple tissues or cellular responses. Tested samples included normal leaf,stem and flower tissues,and leaves from plants treated with various hormones (auxin,cytokinin,gibberellin,abscisic acid and brassinosteroid) or environmental factors (temperature,calcium,sodium,drought,salicylic acid and jasmonic acid).Results showed that many PI pathway-related genes were differentially expressed under these experimental conditions.In particular,the different isoforms of each family were specifically expressed in many cases,suggesting their involvement in tissue specificity and cellular responses to environmental conditions. This work provides a starting point for functional studies of the relevant PI-related proteins and may help shed light onto the role of PI pathways in development and cellular responses.

  14. Integration of Genome-Wide Computation DRE Search, AhR ChIP-chip and Gene Expression Analyses of TCDD-Elicited Responses in the Mouse Liver

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthews Jason

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR is a ligand-activated transcription factor (TF that mediates responses to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD. Integration of TCDD-induced genome-wide AhR enrichment, differential gene expression and computational dioxin response element (DRE analyses further elucidate the hepatic AhR regulatory network. Results Global ChIP-chip and gene expression analyses were performed on hepatic tissue from immature ovariectomized mice orally gavaged with 30 μg/kg TCDD. ChIP-chip analysis identified 14,446 and 974 AhR enriched regions (1% false discovery rate at 2 and 24 hrs, respectively. Enrichment density was greatest in the proximal promoter, and more specifically, within ± 1.5 kb of a transcriptional start site (TSS. AhR enrichment also occurred distal to a TSS (e.g. intergenic DNA and 3' UTR, extending the potential gene expression regulatory roles of the AhR. Although TF binding site analyses identified over-represented DRE sequences within enriched regions, approximately 50% of all AhR enriched regions lacked a DRE core (5'-GCGTG-3'. Microarray analysis identified 1,896 number of TCDD-responsive genes (|fold change| ≥ 1.5, P1(t > 0.999. Integrating this gene expression data with our ChIP-chip and DRE analyses only identified 625 differentially expressed genes that involved an AhR interaction at a DRE. Functional annotation analysis of differentially regulated genes associated with AhR enrichment identified overrepresented processes related to fatty acid and lipid metabolism and transport, and xenobiotic metabolism, which are consistent with TCDD-elicited steatosis in the mouse liver. Conclusions Details of the AhR regulatory network have been expanded to include AhR-DNA interactions within intragenic and intergenic genomic regions. Moreover, the AhR can interact with DNA independent of a DRE core suggesting there are alternative mechanisms of AhR-mediated gene regulation.

  15. Sport performance and agility tests Sporda performans ve çeviklik testleri

    OpenAIRE

    Karacabey, Kursat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effect agility on sports performance and agility measurement tests. Agility is described as a rapid whole body movement with change of velocity or direction in response to a stimulus. Good agility requires a combination of speed, balance, power and co-ordination. Agility, which is a motoric ability, can be improved by regular progressive exercise. As an important component, agility is used to be an acceptable method in sports performance test batter...

  16. Sport performance and agility tests

    Sporda performans ve çeviklik testleri

    OpenAIRE

    Kursat Karacabey

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effect agility on sports performance and agility measurement tests. Agility is described as a rapid whole body movement with change of velocity or direction in response to a stimulus. Good agility requires a combination of speed, balance, power and co-ordination. Agility, which is a motoric ability, can be improved by regular progressive exercise. As an important component, agility is used to be an acceptable method in sports performance test batter...

  17. Handling requirements dependencies in agile projects: a focus group with agile software development practitioners

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martakis, Aias; Daneva, Maya; Wieringa, R.J.; Jean-Louis Cavarero, S.; Rolland, C.; Cavarero, J.-L.

    2013-01-01

    Agile practices on requirements dependencies are a relatively unexplored topic in literature. Empirical studies on it are scarce. This research sets out to uncover concepts that practitioners in companies of various sizes across the globe and in various industries, use for dealing with requirements

  18. Agile informatics: application of agile project management to the development of a personal health application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Jeanhee; Pankey, Evan; Norris, Ryan J

    2007-10-11

    We describe the application of the Agile method-- a short iteration cycle, user responsive, measurable software development approach-- to the project management of a modular personal health record, iHealthSpace, to be deployed to the patients and providers of a large academic primary care practice.

  19. Agile informatics: application of agile project management to the development of a personal health application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Jeanhee; Pankey, Evan; Norris, Ryan J

    2007-01-01

    We describe the application of the Agile method-- a short iteration cycle, user responsive, measurable software development approach-- to the project management of a modular personal health record, iHealthSpace, to be deployed to the patients and providers of a large academic primary care practice. PMID:18694014

  20. Lean Architecture for Agile Software Development

    CERN Document Server

    Coplien, James O

    2010-01-01

    More and more Agile projects are seeking architectural roots as they struggle with complexity and scale - and they're seeking lightweight ways to do it: Still seeking? In this book the authors help you to find your own path; Taking cues from Lean development, they can help steer your project toward practices with longstanding track records; Up-front architecture? Sure. You can deliver an architecture as code that compiles and that concretely guides development without bogging it down in a mass of documents and guesses about the implementation; Documentation? Even a whiteboard diagram, or a CRC

  1. A Framework to Support Agility Strategy Formulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z; Zhang

    2002-01-01

    In the last decade, turbulent times and uncertainti es in the business environment have made ground for a new business era, and "chang e" has become a major characteristic of the new era. This has resulted in tirele ss evolution of business systems and the creation of new manufacturing and manag ement philosophies. Agile Manufacturing (AM) is a step forward in generation of new means for better performance and success of business, and in practice is a s trategic approach to manufacturing by considering ...

  2. Frequency-agile antennas for wireless communications

    CERN Document Server

    Petosa, Aldo

    2013-01-01

    Mobile data subscriptions are expected to more than double and mobile wireless traffic to increase by more than tenfold over the next few years. Proliferation of smart phones, tablets, and other portable devices are placing greater demands for services such as web browsing, global positioning, video streaming, and video telephony. Many of the proposed solutions to deal with these demands will have a significant impact on antenna designs. Antennas with frequency agility are considered a promising technology to help implement these new solutions.This book provides readers with a sense of the cap

  3. Agile Development Methods for Space Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Jay; Webster, Chris

    2012-01-01

    Main stream industry software development practice has gone from a traditional waterfall process to agile iterative development that allows for fast response to customer inputs and produces higher quality software at lower cost. How can we, the space ops community, adopt state of the art software development practice, achieve greater productivity at lower cost, and maintain safe and effective space flight operations? At NASA Ames, we are developing Mission Control Technologies Software, in collaboration with Johnson Space Center (JSC) and, more recently, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

  4. Agile Methods for Open Source Safety-Critical Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary, Kevin; Enquobahrie, Andinet; Ibanez, Luis; Cheng, Patrick; Yaniv, Ziv; Cleary, Kevin; Kokoori, Shylaja; Muffih, Benjamin; Heidenreich, John

    2011-08-01

    The introduction of software technology in a life-dependent environment requires the development team to execute a process that ensures a high level of software reliability and correctness. Despite their popularity, agile methods are generally assumed to be inappropriate as a process family in these environments due to their lack of emphasis on documentation, traceability, and other formal techniques. Agile methods, notably Scrum, favor empirical process control, or small constant adjustments in a tight feedback loop. This paper challenges the assumption that agile methods are inappropriate for safety-critical software development. Agile methods are flexible enough to encourage the rightamount of ceremony; therefore if safety-critical systems require greater emphasis on activities like formal specification and requirements management, then an agile process will include these as necessary activities. Furthermore, agile methods focus more on continuous process management and code-level quality than classic software engineering process models. We present our experiences on the image-guided surgical toolkit (IGSTK) project as a backdrop. IGSTK is an open source software project employing agile practices since 2004. We started with the assumption that a lighter process is better, focused on evolving code, and only adding process elements as the need arose. IGSTK has been adopted by teaching hospitals and research labs, and used for clinical trials. Agile methods have matured since the academic community suggested they are not suitable for safety-critical systems almost a decade ago, we present our experiences as a case study for renewing the discussion. PMID:21799545

  5. Agile Service Development: A Rule-Based Method Engineering Approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoppenbrouwers, Stijn; Zoet, Martijn; Versendaal, Johan; Weerd, Inge van de

    2011-01-01

    Agile software development has evolved into an increasingly mature software development approach and has been applied successfully in many software vendors’ development departments. In this position paper, we address the broader agile service development. Based on method engineering principles we de

  6. Integrated product definition representation for agile numerical control applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simons, W.R. Jr.; Brooks, S.L.; Kirk, W.J. III; Brown, C.W.

    1994-11-01

    Realization of agile manufacturing capabilities for a virtual enterprise requires the integration of technology, management, and work force into a coordinated, interdependent system. This paper is focused on technology enabling tools for agile manufacturing within a virtual enterprise specifically relating to Numerical Control (N/C) manufacturing activities and product definition requirements for these activities.

  7. A Roadmap for Using Agile Development in a Traditional Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streiffert, Barbara; Starbird, Thomas; Grenander, Sven

    2006-01-01

    One of the newer classes of software engineering techniques is called 'Agile Development'. In Agile Development software engineers take small implementation steps and, in some cases, they program in pairs. In addition, they develop automatic tests prior to implementing their small functional piece. Agile Development focuses on rapid turnaround, incremental planning, customer involvement and continuous integration. Agile Development is not the traditional waterfall method or even a rapid prototyping method (although this methodology is closer to Agile Development). At the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) a few groups have begun Agile Development software implementations. The difficulty with this approach becomes apparent when Agile Development is used in an organization that has specific criteria and requirements handed down for how software development is to be performed. The work at the JPL is performed for the National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA). Both organizations have specific requirements, rules and processes for developing software. This paper will discuss some of the initial uses of the Agile Development methodology, the spread of this method and the current status of the successful incorporation into the current JPL development policies and processes.

  8. Agile Methods for Open Source Safety-Critical Software.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gary, Kevin; Enquobahrie, Andinet; Ibanez, Luis; Cheng, Patrick; Yaniv, Ziv; Cleary, Kevin; Kokoori, Shylaja; Muffih, Benjamin; Heidenreich, John

    2011-08-01

    The introduction of software technology in a life-dependent environment requires the development team to execute a process that ensures a high level of software reliability and correctness. Despite their popularity, agile methods are generally assumed to be inappropriate as a process family in these environments due to their lack of emphasis on documentation, traceability, and other formal techniques. Agile methods, notably Scrum, favor empirical process control, or small constant adjustments in a tight feedback loop. This paper challenges the assumption that agile methods are inappropriate for safety-critical software development. Agile methods are flexible enough to encourage the rightamount of ceremony; therefore if safety-critical systems require greater emphasis on activities like formal specification and requirements management, then an agile process will include these as necessary activities. Furthermore, agile methods focus more on continuous process management and code-level quality than classic software engineering process models. We present our experiences on the image-guided surgical toolkit (IGSTK) project as a backdrop. IGSTK is an open source software project employing agile practices since 2004. We started with the assumption that a lighter process is better, focused on evolving code, and only adding process elements as the need arose. IGSTK has been adopted by teaching hospitals and research labs, and used for clinical trials. Agile methods have matured since the academic community suggested they are not suitable for safety-critical systems almost a decade ago, we present our experiences as a case study for renewing the discussion.

  9. Change factors requiring agility and implications for IT

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhout, van Marcel; Waarts, Eric; Hillegersberg, van Jos

    2006-01-01

    The current highly dynamic business environment requires businesses to be agile. Business agility is the ability to swiftly and easily change businesses and business processes beyond the normal level of flexibility to effectively manage unpredictable external and internal changes. This study reports

  10. Agile manufacturing in Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiPadua, Mark; Dalton, George

    2016-05-01

    The objective of the Agile Manufacturing for Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (AMISR) effort is to research, develop, design and build a prototype multi-intelligence (multi-INT), reconfigurable pod demonstrating benefits of agile manufacturing and a modular open systems approach (MOSA) to make podded intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capability more affordable and operationally flexible.

  11. Peridigm summary report : lessons learned in development with agile components.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salinger, Andrew Gerhard; Mitchell, John Anthony; Littlewood, David John; Parks, Michael L.

    2011-09-01

    This report details efforts to deploy Agile Components for rapid development of a peridynamics code, Peridigm. The goal of Agile Components is to enable the efficient development of production-quality software by providing a well-defined, unifying interface to a powerful set of component-based software. Specifically, Agile Components facilitate interoperability among packages within the Trilinos Project, including data management, time integration, uncertainty quantification, and optimization. Development of the Peridigm code served as a testbed for Agile Components and resulted in a number of recommendations for future development. Agile Components successfully enabled rapid integration of Trilinos packages into Peridigm. A cost of this approach, however, was a set of restrictions on Peridigm's architecture which impacted the ability to track history-dependent material data, dynamically modify the model discretization, and interject user-defined routines into the time integration algorithm. These restrictions resulted in modifications to the Agile Components approach, as implemented in Peridigm, and in a set of recommendations for future Agile Components development. Specific recommendations include improved handling of material states, a more flexible flow control model, and improved documentation. A demonstration mini-application, SimpleODE, was developed at the onset of this project and is offered as a potential supplement to Agile Components documentation.

  12. Effective Implementation of Agile Practices - Ingenious and Organized Theoretical Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veerapaneni Esther Jyothi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Delivering software in traditional ways is challenged by agile software development to provide a very different approach to software development. Agile methods aim at fast, light and efficient than any other vigorous method to develop and support customers business without being chaotic. Agile software development methods claim to be people-oriented rather than process-oriented and adaptive rather than predictive. Solid Determination and Dedicated efforts are required in agile development to overcome the disadvantages of predefined set of steps and changing requirements to see the desirable outcome and to avoid the predictable results. These methods reach the target promptly by linking developers and stakeholders. The focus of this research paper is two fold. The first part is to study different agile methodologies, find out the levelheaded difficulties in agile software development and suggests possible solutions with a collaborative and innovative framework. The second part of the research paper concentrates on the importance of handling traceability in agile software development and finally proposes an ingenious and organized theoretical framework with a systematic approach to agile software development.

  13. A Case Study of Coordination in Distributed Agile Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hole, Steinar; Moe, Nils Brede

    Global Software Development (GSD) has gained significant popularity as an emerging paradigm. Companies also show interest in applying agile approaches in distributed development to combine the advantages of both approaches. However, in their most radical forms, agile and GSD can be placed in each end of a plan-based/agile spectrum because of how work is coordinated. We describe how three GSD projects applying agile methods coordinate their work. We found that trust is needed to reduce the need of standardization and direct supervision when coordinating work in a GSD project, and that electronic chatting supports mutual adjustment. Further, co-location and modularization mitigates communication problems, enables agility in at least part of a GSD project, and renders the implementation of Scrum of Scrums possible.

  14. Supporting Agile Development of Authorization Rules for SME Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartsch, Steffen; Sohr, Karsten; Bormann, Carsten

    Custom SME applications for collaboration and workflow have become affordable when implemented as Web applications employing Agile methodologies. Security engineering is still difficult with Agile development, though: heavy-weight processes put the improvements of Agile development at risk. We propose Agile security engineering and increased end-user involvement to improve Agile development with respect to authorization policy development. To support the authorization policy development, we introduce a simple and readable authorization rules language implemented in a Ruby on Rails authorization plugin that is employed in a real-world SME collaboration and workflow application. Also, we report on early findings of the language’s use in authorization policy development with domain experts.

  15. Combining Agile and Traditional: Customer Communication in Distributed Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korkala, Mikko; Pikkarainen, Minna; Conboy, Kieran

    Distributed development is a radically increasing phenomenon in modern software development environments. At the same time, traditional and agile methodologies and combinations of those are being used in the industry. Agile approaches place a large emphasis on customer communication. However, existing knowledge on customer communication in distributed agile development seems to be lacking. In order to shed light on this topic and provide practical guidelines for companies in distributed agile environments, a qualitative case study was conducted in a large globally distributed software company. The key finding was that it might be difficult for an agile organization to get relevant information from a traditional type of customer organization, even though the customer communication was indicated to be active and utilized via multiple different communication media. Several challenges discussed in this paper referred to "information blackout" indicating the importance of an environment fostering meaningful communication. In order to evaluate if this environment can be created a set of guidelines is proposed.

  16. MAPPING OF TRADITIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT METHODS TO AGILE METHODOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi Popli

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Agility is bringing in responsibility and ownership in individuals, which will eventually bring out effectiveness and efficiency in deliverables. Companies are drifting from traditional Software Development Life Cycle models to Agile Environment for the purpose of attaining quality and for the sake of saving cost and time. In Traditional models, life cycle is properly defined and also phases are elaborated by specifying needed input and output parameters. On the other hand, in Agile environment, phases are specific to methodologies of Agile - Extreme Programming etc. In this paper a common life cycle approach is proposed that is applicable for different kinds of methods. This paper also aims to describe a mapping function for mapping of traditional methods to Agile methods.

  17. AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENTAN APPROACH TO LIGHT WEIGHT FROM HEAVY WEIGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambily O.A

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Today the world is evolving with technological advancements. Similarly information technology does not enjoy solidity. For instance, we see processors getting faster, hard disks becoming compact, bandwidth increasing, operating systems & programming tools evolving and security is increasing as well. These technical changes and deliberate efforts of people swiftly change the expectations of clients. New software development ideas were presented in the form of Agile Manifesto as a counteraction to that of traditional rigorous methods and paradigms. Agile Manifesto consists of four values and twelve principles. Agile means ‘the quality of being agile’ or dexterity in motion. Agile software development is a highly collaborative and evolutionary approach for system development. Agile methods are a group of development approaches to software development. This paper deals with the applicability of light weightdevelopment methods in the field of software engineering and industry.

  18. On the Current Measurement Practices in Agile Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taghi Javdani Gandomani

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development (ASD methods were introduced as a reaction to traditional software development methods. Principles of these methods are different from traditional methods and so there are some different processes and activities in agile methods comparing to traditional methods. Thus ASD methods require different measurement practices comparing to traditional methods. Agile teams often do their projects in the simplest and most effective way so, measurement practices in agile methods are more important than traditional methods, because lack of appropriate and effective measurement practices, will increase risk of project. The aims of this paper are investigation on current measurement practices in ASD methods, collecting them together in one study and also reviewing agile version of Common Software Measurement International Consortium (COSMIC publication.

  19. A Methodology for assessing Agile Software Development Approaches

    CERN Document Server

    Soundararajan, Shvetha

    2011-01-01

    Agile methods provide an organization or a team the flexibility to adopt a selected subset of principles and practices based on their culture, their values, and the types of systems that they develop. More specifically, every organization or team implements a customized agile method, tailored to better accommodate its needs. However, the extent to which a customized method supports the organizational objectives, or rather the 'goodness' of that method is questionable. Existing agile assessment approaches focus on a comparative analysis, or are limited in scope and application. In this research, we propose a structured, systematic and comprehensive approach to assess the 'goodness' of agile methods. We examine an agile method based on (1) its adequacy, (2) the capability of the organization to support the adopted principles and practices specified by the method, and (3) the method's effectiveness. We propose the Objectives, Principles and Practices (OPP) Framework to guide our assessment. The Framework identif...

  20. An Agile Method for E-Service Composition

    CERN Document Server

    Fatehi, Pouya

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, application of Service Oriented Architecture is increasing rapidly; especially since introduction of distributed electronic services on the web. SOA software has a modular manner and works as a collaboration of independent software components. As a result, e-service approach is sufficient for software with independent components, each of which may be developed by a different company. Such software components and their cooperation form a composite service. Agile methodologies are the best candidate for developing small software components. Composite services and its building blocks are small pieces of software, making agile methodology a perfect fit for their development. In this paper, we introduce an agile method for service composition, inspired by agile patterns and practices. Therefore, across the agile manifesto, we can develop low cost, high quality composite services quickly using this method.

  1. An Agile Method for E-Service Composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pouya Fatehi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, application of Service Oriented Architecture is increasing rapidly; especially since introduction of distributed electronic services on the web. SOA software has a modular manner and works as a collaboration of independent software components. As a result, e-service approach is sufficient for software with independent components, each of which may be developed by a different company. Such software components and their cooperation form a composite service. Agile methodologies are the best candidate for developing small software components. Composite services and their building blocks are small pieces of software, making agile methodology a perfect fit for their development. In this paper, we introduce an agile method for service composition, inspired by agile patterns and practices. Therefore, across the agile manifesto, we can develop low cost, high quality composite services quickly using this method.

  2. Challenges and Weaknesses of Agile Method in Enterprise Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Askarinejad Amiri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available As Information Technologies (IT grow in complexity and scope, the need for a coherent approach toenterprise wide modelling becomes paramount. Changing is one of the most important challenges thatorganisation encounter. The topic of enterprise architecture has been gaining significant attention fromboth academia and industry due to the inefficiencies of current IT architecture to cope with rapid changesin business environment. Apart from that, Agile is new concept that present in EA recently. It tries to beadaptive with frequently changes which occurred in organisation. There are some agile methodology andmethod with maintain agile manifesto. Briefly they use agile practices in their development such as XP,Scrum and service oriented architecture. Each of them follows some challenges that lead to less usabilityof them in EA. This research intends to identify these challenges and proposed method to improve theusability of agility in enterprise architecture.

  3. AGILE GOVERNANCE IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES: SHIFTING PARADIGMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleyverson Pereira Costa

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the basis of the Agile Governance in Information and Communication Technology (ICT, which is based on Agile Software Engineering Methodologies principles and values. Its development was done through a systematic review process, supported by Bibliometrics and Scientometrics methods and techniques, where the Critical Success Factors (CSF of ICT Governance projects and the principles of the Agile Manifesto were analyzed. Next, through an inductive approach, focused on the convergence between the concepts involved, it was analyzed how agile principles could help to minimize the gap between ICT and business. Evidences of their occurrence were taken through a Conceptual Survey Research. As a result, the foundations and concepts of Agile Governance in ICT were defined and, finally, the development of a reference model was proposed as a future work.

  4. Atom chips

    CERN Document Server

    Reichel, Jakob

    2010-01-01

    This book provides a stimulating and multifaceted picture of a rapidly developing field. The first part reviews fundamentals of atom chip research in tutorial style, while subsequent parts focus on the topics of atom-surface interaction, coherence on atom chips, and possible future directions of atom chip research. The articles are written by leading researchers in the field in their characteristic and individual styles.

  5. Future research in agile systems development: applying open innovation principles within the agile organisation

    OpenAIRE

    Conboy, Kieran; Morgan, Lorraine

    2010-01-01

    peer-reviewed A particular strength of agile approaches is that they move away from ???introverted??? development and intimately involve the customer in all areas of development, supposedly leading to the development of a more innovative and hence more valuable information system. However, we argue that a single customer representative is too narrow a focus to adopt and that involvement of stakeholders beyond the software development itself is still often quite weak and in some cases non-e...

  6. Improvements In Agile Manifesto For Small Software Development Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratnmala Raval,

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Now a day’s business environment is much more dynamic, and organizations are constantly changing their software requirements to adjust to the new environment. They also insist on fast delivery of software products as well as for accepting changing requirements. Agile is swift active and quick to respond, and this is what agile software development methodology refers to. Agile methods are much attracted to small projects, but no agile methods workings glowing as a standalone system so some adoption or customization is needed. The paper describes an agile adoption survey for small industries in Gujarat region. The main objective is to find reasons for less agile adoption. The circulated survey results are analyzed thoroughly and discussed to prove the arguments made during the research time and the recommendations are provided to improve appropriate enhance required changes for the agile principles. Finally, these improvements are implemented by various industries and The analysis of the results showed that the improvements used in the aforementioned cases were effective.

  7. Challenges of adopting agile methods in a public organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jouko Nuottila

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile development methods are widely used among business enterprises. Since the introduction of the Agile Manifesto in 2001, several agile methods have been implemented, first in single-team set-ups and later in larger multi-team set-ups for complex Information Technology (IT system development. However, the adoption of agile methods has been slow in the public sector. This is also reflected in the academic literature, as there are only a few studies discussing agile adoption in public organizations. This paper contributes to research on the use of agile practices specifically in the context of public organizations, and sheds light on the challenges a public organization may face while adopting these practices. The aim of this paper is to identify and categorize the challenges that may hinder efficient adoption and use of agile methods in public IT projects that include private software vendors. This research is based on a case study of a large governmental office. As a result, this paper presents several categories of identified challenges, the root causes of these challenges, and a discussion of the characteristics of these challenges for the public sector.

  8. Frequency-agile dual-comb spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Millot, Guy; Yan, Ming; Hovannysyan, Tatevik; Bendahmane, Abdelkrim; Hänsch, Theodor W; Picqué, Nathalie

    2015-01-01

    We propose a new approach to near-infrared molecular spectroscopy, harnessing advanced concepts of optical telecommunications and supercontinuum photonics. We generate, without mode-locked lasers, two frequency combs of slightly different repetition frequencies and moderate, but rapidly tunable, spectral span. The output of a frequency-agile continuous wave laser is split and sent into two electro-optic intensity modulators. Flat-top low-noise frequency combs are produced by wave-breaking in a nonlinear optical fiber of normal dispersion. With a dual-comb spectrometer, we record Doppler-limited spectra spanning 60 GHz within 13 microseconds and 80-kHz refresh rate, at a tuning speed of 10 nm.s^(-1). The sensitivity for weak absorption is enhanced by a long gas-filled hollow-core fiber.

  9. Cicada: a Heavy but Agile Flyer

    CERN Document Server

    Gai, Kuo; Wan, Hui; Dong, Haibo

    2011-01-01

    "Cicada: a Heavy but Agile Flyer" is a fluid dynamic video submitted to Gallery of Fluid Motion in APS-DFD 2011. Comparing to other insects, cicadas can generate much higher lift to overcome their large body weight. The hidden mechanism may help in designing a Micro Air Vehicle (MAV) to carry large payloads. However, it is lack of literatures in discussing how cicadas use their wings to accomplish various fights. In this work, a high-speed photogrammetry system and 3D surface reconstruction technology are used to reveal cicada wing kinematics and deformation during a freely forward flight. The aerodynamic performance is studied using in-house immerse boundary method based Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD) solver.

  10. Agile: From Software to Mission System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Jay; Shirley, Mark H.; Hobart, Sarah Groves

    2016-01-01

    The Resource Prospector (RP) is an in-situ resource utilization (ISRU) technology demonstration mission, designed to search for volatiles at the Lunar South Pole. This is NASA's first near real time tele-operated rover on the Moon. The primary objective is to search for volatiles at one of the Lunar Poles. The combination of short mission duration, a solar powered rover, and the requirement to explore shadowed regions makes for an operationally challenging mission. To maximize efficiency and flexibility in Mission System design and thus to improve the performance and reliability of the resulting Mission System, we are tailoring Agile principles that we have used effectively in ground data system software development and applying those principles to the design of elements of the mission operations system.

  11. Agile parallel bioinformatics workflow management using Pwrake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanaka Masahiro

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In bioinformatics projects, scientific workflow systems are widely used to manage computational procedures. Full-featured workflow systems have been proposed to fulfil the demand for workflow management. However, such systems tend to be over-weighted for actual bioinformatics practices. We realize that quick deployment of cutting-edge software implementing advanced algorithms and data formats, and continuous adaptation to changes in computational resources and the environment are often prioritized in scientific workflow management. These features have a greater affinity with the agile software development method through iterative development phases after trial and error. Here, we show the application of a scientific workflow system Pwrake to bioinformatics workflows. Pwrake is a parallel workflow extension of Ruby's standard build tool Rake, the flexibility of which has been demonstrated in the astronomy domain. Therefore, we hypothesize that Pwrake also has advantages in actual bioinformatics workflows. Findings We implemented the Pwrake workflows to process next generation sequencing data using the Genomic Analysis Toolkit (GATK and Dindel. GATK and Dindel workflows are typical examples of sequential and parallel workflows, respectively. We found that in practice, actual scientific workflow development iterates over two phases, the workflow definition phase and the parameter adjustment phase. We introduced separate workflow definitions to help focus on each of the two developmental phases, as well as helper methods to simplify the descriptions. This approach increased iterative development efficiency. Moreover, we implemented combined workflows to demonstrate modularity of the GATK and Dindel workflows. Conclusions Pwrake enables agile management of scientific workflows in the bioinformatics domain. The internal domain specific language design built on Ruby gives the flexibility of rakefiles for writing scientific workflows

  12. Real-time Control Mediation in Agile Distributed Software Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, John Stouby; Aaen, Ivan; Mathiassen, Lars

    2008-01-01

    , we report from an in-depth case study of an agile distributed software project. Applying Kirsch’s elements of control framework, we analyze how actors in this context used different elements of control. We offer a description of the general management context and provide a detailed analysis of how......Agile distributed environments pose particular challenges related to control of quality and collaboration in software development. Moreover, while face-to-face interaction is fundamental in agile development, distributed environments must rely extensively on mediated interactions. On this backdrop...

  13. Moving target detection for frequency agility radar by sparse reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quan, Yinghui; Li, YaChao; Wu, Yaojun; Ran, Lei; Xing, Mengdao; Liu, Mengqi

    2016-09-01

    Frequency agility radar, with randomly varied carrier frequency from pulse to pulse, exhibits superior performance compared to the conventional fixed carrier frequency pulse-Doppler radar against the electromagnetic interference. A novel moving target detection (MTD) method is proposed for the estimation of the target's velocity of frequency agility radar based on pulses within a coherent processing interval by using sparse reconstruction. Hardware implementation of orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm is executed on Xilinx Virtex-7 Field Programmable Gata Array (FPGA) to perform sparse optimization. Finally, a series of experiments are performed to evaluate the performance of proposed MTD method for frequency agility radar systems.

  14. A Adaptive XP-based approach to Agile Development

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Gang; Luo, Lian

    2012-01-01

    Software design is gradually becoming open, distributed, pervasive, and connected. It is a sad statistical fact that software projects are scientifically fragile and tend to fail more than other engineering fields. Agile development is a philosophy. And agile methods are processes that support the agile philosophy. XP places a strong emphasis on technical practices in addition to the more common teamwork and structural practices. In this paper, we elaborate how XP practices can be used to thinking, collaborating, releasing, planning, developing. And the state that make your team and organization more successful.

  15. Trust in agile teams in distributed software development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjørnehøj, Gitte; Fransgård, Mette; Skalkam, Signe

    2012-01-01

    that leads to team success. This article reports from a study of two agile DSD teams with very different organization and collaboration patterns. It addresses the role of trust and distrust in DSD by analyzing how the team members’ trust developed and erode through the lifetime of the two collaborations...... and how management actions influenced this. We find that some agile practice can empower teams to take over responsibility for managing their own trust building and sustaining and that management neglect of trust-building in other situations can hinder the development of beneficial balanced agile DSD...

  16. Agile rediscovering values: Similarities to continuous improvement strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz de Mera, P.; Arenas, J. M.; González, C.

    2012-04-01

    Research in the late 80's on technological companies that develop products of high value innovation, with sufficient speed and flexibility to adapt quickly to changing market conditions, gave rise to the new set of methodologies known as Agile Management Approach. In the current changing economic scenario, we considered very interesting to study the similarities of these Agile Methodologies with other practices whose effectiveness has been amply demonstrated in both the West and Japan. Strategies such as Kaizen, Lean, World Class Manufacturing, Concurrent Engineering, etc, would be analyzed to check the values they have in common with the Agile Approach.

  17. Thinking Outside the Box: Agile Business Models for CNOs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loss, Leandro; Crave, Servane

    This paper introduces the idea of an agile Business Model for CNOs grounded on a new model of innovation based on the effects of globalization and of Knowledge Economy. The agile Business Model considers the resources that are spread out and available worldwide as well as the need for each customer to receive a unique customer experience. It aims at reinforcing in the context of the Knowledge Economy the different business models approaches developed so far. The paper also identifies the levers and the barriers of Agile Business Models Innovation in CNOs.

  18. SiPaGene: A new repository for instant online retrieval, sharing and meta-analyses of GeneChip® expression data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burmester Gerd-R

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Microarray expression profiling is becoming a routine technology for medical research and generates enormous amounts of data. However, reanalysis of public data and comparison with own results is laborious. Although many different tools exist, there is a need for more convenience and online analysis with restriction of access and user specific sharing options. Furthermore, most of the currently existing tools do not use the whole range of statistical power provided by the MAS5.0/GCOS algorithms. Description With a current focus on immunology, infection, inflammation, tissue regeneration and cancer we developed a database platform that can load preprocessed Affymetrix GeneChip expression data for immediate access. Group or subgroup comparisons can be calculated online, retrieved for candidate genes, transcriptional activity in various biological conditions and compared with different experiments. The system is based on Oracle 9i with algorithms in java and graphical user interfaces implemented as java servlets. Signals, detection calls, signal log ratios, change calls and corresponding p-values were calculated with MAS5.0/GCOS algorithms. MIAME information and gene annotations are provided via links to GEO and EntrezGene. Users access via https protocol their own, shared or public data. Sharing is comparison- and user-specific with different levels of rights. Arrays for group comparisons can be selected individually. Twenty-two different group comparison parameters can be applied in user-defined combinations on single or multiple group comparisons. Identified genes can be reviewed online or downloaded. Optimized selection criteria were developed and reliability was demonstrated with the "Latin Square" data set. Currently more than 1,000 arrays, 10,000 pairwise comparisons and 500 group comparisons are presented with public or restricted access by different research networks or individual users. Conclusion SiPaGene is a

  19. The challenges to the safety process when using Agile development models

    OpenAIRE

    Jamissen, Hanne-Gro

    2012-01-01

    Safety related systems are traditionally developed using traditional models like the V-model. Agile development models are now increasingly used, and the experiences with these models makes it tempting to also use Agile models when developing safety related systems. To do this, Agile development models need include a safety process that also are as agile as possible. However, introducing safety activities into an agile environment reintroduces limitations from traditional de-velopment. The...

  20. Towards Comprehensive and Disciplined Change Management Strategy in Agile Transformation Process

    OpenAIRE

    Taghi Javdani Gandomani; Hazura Zulzalil; Abdul Azim Abd. Ghani; Abu Bakar Md Sultan

    2013-01-01

    Moving to agile through a well-defined strategy and framework is essential and this socio-technical process should be studied in deep. Advantages and earned values of agile approach in software industry motivate a lot of companies to try to use agile methods in their software product lines. Transformation process to agile methods is not easy and because of its nature, takes a long time. Since agile transformation needs organizational mutation, companies are faced with many challenges during t...

  1. Challenges on Implementing Agile Project Management Methods: An Literature Review and Interview Study with Practitioners

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Xue

    2010-01-01

    Indicated by Geoffrey Moore's Technology Adoption Curve, agile is supposed to face different challenges in different phases facing different user groups. Despite the popularity of agile implementation, the trends of agile development and the limitations and challenges under each particular period are missing in the current published studies. The study aims at filling this gap through Agile Conference (2003-2009) review and interviews in software industry. The study finds out the agile impleme...

  2. Optimising agile development practices for the maintenance operation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heeager, Lise Tordrup; Rose, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    Agile methods are widely used and successful in many development situations and beginning to attract attention amongst the software maintenance community – both researchers and practitioners. However, it should not be assumed that implementing a well-known agile method for a maintenance department...... is therefore a trivial endeavour - the maintenance operation differs in some important respects from development work. Classical accounts of software maintenance emphasise more traditional software engineering processes, whereas recent research accounts of agile maintenance efforts uncritically focus...... on benefits. In an action research project at Aveva in Denmark we assisted with the optimisation of SCRUM, tailoring the standard process to the immediate needs of the developers. We draw on both theoretical and empirical learning to formulate nine heuristics for maintenance practitioners wishing to go agile....

  3. Value Creation by Agile Projects: Methodology or Mystery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Sikkel, Klaas

    Business value is a key concept in agile software development approaches. This paper presents results of a systematic review of literature on how business value is created by agile projects. We found that with very few exceptions, most published studies take the concept of business value for granted and do not state what it means in general as well as in the specific study context. We could find no study which clearly indicates how exactly individual agile practices or groups of those create value and keep accumulating it over time. The key implication for research is that we have an incentive to pursue the study of value creation in agile project by deploying empirical research methods.

  4. Pilot users in agile development processes: motivational factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johannessen, Liv Karen; Gammon, Deede

    2010-01-01

    Despite a wealth of research on user participation, few studies offer insights into how to involve multi-organizational users in agile development methods. This paper is a case study of user involvement in developing a system for electronic laboratory requisitions using agile methodologies in a multi-organizational context. Building on an interpretive approach, we illuminate questions such as: How does collaboration between users and developers evolve and how might it be improved? What key motivational aspects are at play when users volunteer and continue contributing in the face of considerable added burdens? The study highlights how agile methods in themselves appear to facilitate mutually motivating collaboration between user groups and developers. Lessons learned for leveraging the advantages of agile development processes include acknowledging the substantial and ongoing contributions of users and their roles as co-designers of the system. PMID:20543366

  5. Effective Implementation of Agile Practices – Incoordination with Lean Kanban

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veerapaneni Esther Jyothi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Increased productivity, return on investment and decreased defect rate are the major concerns in now-a days. Agile software development methodologies are in their way into the software mainstream. Agility created revolution in various fields of software development especially in mobilebased applications and internet-based applications development because of the improved quality of thesoftware product. This research paper is the result of immense research work on the implementation of agile software development in coordination with lean kanban which facilitates continuous improvement.This paper portrays the key practices of iterative agile and lean kanban and also focuses on the approaches that can be considered to reduce the defect rate in the software development and increase the productivity.

  6. An Approach for Prioritizing Agile Practices for Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikulenas, Gytenis; Kapocius, Kestutis

    Agile software development approaches offer a strong alternative to the traditional plan-driven methodologies that have not been able to warrant successfulness of the software projects. However, the move toward Agile is often hampered by the wealth of alternative practices that are accompanied by numerous success or failure stories. Clearly, the formal methods for choosing most suitable practices are lacking. In this chapter, we present an overview of this problem and propose an approach for prioritization of available practices in accordance to the particular circumstances. The proposal combines ideas from Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) decision-making technique, cost-value analysis, and Rule-Description-Practice (RDP) technique. Assumption that such approach could facilitate the Agile adaptation process was supported by the case study of the approach illustrating the process of choosing most suitable Agile practices within a real-life project.

  7. Modern Enterprise Systems as Enablers of Agile Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredriksson, Odd; Ljung, Lennart

    Traditional ES technology and traditional project management methods are supporting and matching each other. But they are not supporting the critical success conditions for ES development in an effective way. Although the findings from one case study of a successful modern ES change project is not strong empirical evidence, we carefully propose that the new modern ES technology is supporting and matching agile project management methods. In other words, it provides the required flexibility which makes it possible to put into practice the agile way of running projects, both for the system supplier and for the customer. In addition, we propose that the combination of modern ES technology and agile project management methods are more appropriate for supporting the realization of critical success conditions for ES development. The main purpose of this chapter is to compare critical success conditions for modern enterprise systems development projects with critical success conditions for agile information systems development projects.

  8. THE PERCEPTIONS OF AGILE METHODOLOGY IN SOUTH AFRICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Mbah Mbelli

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Agile methodology was introduced in the mid 90’s while the agile manifesto was adopted in 2001. The rationale behind the introduction of the agile methodology was to uncover better ways of developing software that will meet the user’s expectation in an iterative controlled manner. With technological explosion and rift competition for market share, user experience and satisfaction can only be achieved through proper communication between stakeholders and innovative ways of doing things. Doing things differently is what the agile methodology brought. Despite the existence of this methodology for over 20 years now, South African software industry is only starting to realize its existence with a lot of companies jumping into the bandwagon. This paper presents the results of an empirical research of how the South African software industry perceive the methodology.

  9. Agile Plus – Comprehensive model for Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lata Nautiyal

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In today’s changing environment the main priority of a customer is software that executes 100% requirements of customer. In addition there should be some scope so that existing software must adopt future requirements too, that is, it should be flexible enough that can accommodate future requirements, within budget and timely delivered. Traditional Agile models seem flexible but practically it’s hard to achieve their documented guidelines. Here in this paper I am are proposing a new, flexible, and customer-oriented Agile based model, Agile Plus Plus, which includes the capability of traditional Agile models as well as methods to provide fast and instant deliverable. I am also explaining types of requirements of the client or of end user

  10. A Structured Framework for Assessing the "Goodness" of Agile Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Soundararajan, Shvetha

    2010-01-01

    Agile Methods are designed for customization; they offer an organization or a team the flexibility to adopt a set of principles and practices based on their culture and values. While that flexibility is consistent with the agile philosophy, it can lead to the adoption of principles and practices that can be sub-optimal relative to the desired objectives. We question then, how can one determine if adopted practices are "in sync" with the identified principles, and to what extent those principles support organizational objectives? In this research, we focus on assessing the "goodness" of an agile method adopted by an organization based on (1) its adequacy, (2) the capability of the organization to provide the supporting environment to competently implement the method, and (3) its effectiveness. To guide our assessment, we propose the Objectives, Principles and Practices (OPP) framework. The design of the OPP framework revolves around the identification of the agile objectives, principles that support the achiev...

  11. Quality Assurance Activities in Agile : Philosophy to Practice

    OpenAIRE

    Ullah, Malik Imran; Zaidi, Waqar Ali

    2009-01-01

    Quality assurance activities, in software development, are the backbone of whole project. These activities are not only responsible of product quality, but also for process quality. In conventional software development QA is a separate group of QA experts. As the trends of software development moved towards agile development, QA activities also got changed. In agile development most of these activities are performed by developers. Close people collaboration, onsite customer and Test Driven De...

  12. Rapid software development : ANALYSIS OF AGILE METHODS FOR APP STARTUPS

    OpenAIRE

    Wahlqvist, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is focused on software development using so called Agile methods. The scope of research is startup companies creating consumer apps. The thesis work was performed at a Swedish app startup; Storypic/Accelit AB. An overview of current research on Agile methods is given. A qualitative case study was undertaken in four parts; 1. Observing the team 2. Testing business hypotheses 3. Interviews with the team and 4. User feedback. Analyzing the findings some conclusions are drawn:  An ag...

  13. MAPPING OF TRADITIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT METHODS TO AGILE METHODOLOGY

    OpenAIRE

    Rashmi Popli; Anita; Naresh Chauhan

    2013-01-01

    Agility is bringing in responsibility and ownership in individuals, which will eventually bring out effectiveness and efficiency in deliverables. Companies are drifting from traditional Software Development Life Cycle models to Agile Environment for the purpose of attaining quality and for the sake of saving cost and time. In Traditional models, life cycle is properly defined and also phases are elaborated by specifying needed input and output parameters. On the other hand, in ...

  14. Agile Methods for Open Source Safety-Critical Software

    OpenAIRE

    Gary, Kevin; Enquobahrie, Andinet; Ibanez, Luis; Cheng, Patrick; Yaniv, Ziv; Cleary, Kevin; Kokoori, Shylaja; Muffih, Benjamin; Heidenreich, John

    2011-01-01

    The introduction of software technology in a life-dependent environment requires the development team to execute a process that ensures a high level of software reliability and correctness. Despite their popularity, agile methods are generally assumed to be inappropriate as a process family in these environments due to their lack of emphasis on documentation, traceability, and other formal techniques. Agile methods, notably Scrum, favor empirical process control, or small constant adjustments...

  15. Challenges in Enterprise Adoption of Agile Methods - A Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Mahanti, Aniket

    2006-01-01

    Agile methods are a departure from plan-driven traditional approaches, where the focus is on generating early releases of working software using collaborative techniques, code refactoring, and on-site customer involvement. Research and surveys have shown that agile methodologies are an efficient way of producing software with significant advantages in production costs, time-to-market, complexity, and quality improvement over heavy-weight traditional methodologies. Even with such apparent adva...

  16. Systematic Literature Review of Agile Scalability for Large Scale Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Hina saeeda; Hannan Khalid; Mukhtar Ahmed; Abu Sameer; Fahim Arif

    2015-01-01

    In new methods, “agile” has come out as the top approach in software industry for the development of the soft wares. With different shapes agile is applied for handling the issues such as low cost, tight time to market schedule continuously changing requirements, Communication & Coordination, team size and distributed environment. Agile has proved to be successful in the small and medium size project, however, it have several limitations when applied on large size projects. The purpose of thi...

  17. Emergence of Agile Methods: Perceptions from Software Practitioners in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Asnawi, Ani Liza; Gravell, Andrew; Wills, Gary

    2012-01-01

    Agile methods are an established process for developing software nowadays. There is, however, less evidence on its usage among software practitioners in Malaysia. While the methods have become mainstream in other regions, that is not the case in this country. This paper empirically investigates the perceptions of Agile methods usage from seven organisations involving 14 software practitioners in Malaysia. Our participants are using Scrum and have a maximum of five years experience. We categor...

  18. Issues and advantages of using agile and incremental practices

    OpenAIRE

    Petersen, Kai; Wohlin, Claes

    2008-01-01

    The importance of agile methods increased in recent years due to the need of being more flexible due to unstable requirements and high competitive pressure. Therefore, recent empirical studies have been conducted identifying a number of issues and advantages of incremental and agile methods. However, the majority of studies focused on one model (Extreme Programming) and small projects. Thus, in order to draw more general conclusions there is a need to also study large scale implementations of...

  19. AMES: Towards an Agile Method for ERP Selection

    OpenAIRE

    Juell-Skielse, Gustaf; Nilsson, Anders G.; Nordqvist, Andreas; Westergren, Mattias

    2012-01-01

    Conventional on-premise installations of ERP are now rapidly being replaced by ERP as service. Although ERP becomes more accessible and no longer requires local infrastructure, current selection methods do not take full advantage of the provided agility. In this paper we present AMES (Agile Method for ERP Selection), a novel method for ERP selection which better utilizes the strengths of service oriented ERP. AMES is designed to shorten lead time for selection, support identification of essen...

  20. Seamless Long Term Learning in Agile Teams for Sustainable Leadership

    CERN Document Server

    Qureshi, M R J

    2012-01-01

    Seamless and continuous support for long term organizational learning needs is essential for long lasting progress of the organization. Agile process model provides an excellent opportunity to cater that specific problem and also helps in motivation, satisfaction, coordination, presentation and technical skills enhancement of agile teams. This long term learning process makes organization to sustain their current successes and lead both organization and team members to successful and dynamic market leaders.

  1. The Agile Alert System For Gamma-Ray Transients

    CERN Document Server

    Bulgarelli, A; Gianotti, F; Tavani, M; Parmiggiani, N; Fioretti, V; Chen, A W; Vercellone, S; Pittori, C; Verrecchia, F; Lucarelli, F; Santolamazza, P; Fanari, G; Giommi, P; Beneventano, D; Argan, A; Trois, A; Scalise, E; Longo, F; Pellizzoni, A; Pucella, G; Colafrancesco, S; Conforti, V; Tempesta, P; Cerone, M; Sabatini, P; Annoni, G; Valentini, G; Salotti, L

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, a new generation of space missions offered great opportunities of discovery in high-energy astrophysics. In this article we focus on the scientific operations of the Gamma-Ray Imaging Detector (GRID) onboard the AGILE space mission. The AGILE-GRID, sensitive in the energy range of 30 MeV-30 GeV, has detected many gamma-ray transients of galactic and extragalactic origins. This work presents the AGILE innovative approach to fast gamma-ray transient detection, which is a challenging task and a crucial part of the AGILE scientific program. The goals are to describe: (1) the AGILE Gamma-Ray Alert System, (2) a new algorithm for blind search identification of transients within a short processing time, (3) the AGILE procedure for gamma-ray transient alert management, and (4) the likelihood of ratio tests that are necessary to evaluate the post-trial statistical significance of the results. Special algorithms and an optimized sequence of tasks are necessary to reach our goal. Data are automatically ...

  2. The Impact of Agile Approach on Software Engineering Teams

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazni Omar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study presents the initial findings on the impact of agile approach amongst Software Engineering (SE teams in one computer center in Malaysia. This study revealed that agile approach able to receive positive feedbacks and increase positive affectivity amongst team members during software development projects. Approach: This study used action research approach. Data were collected from four Software Engineering (SE teams who volunteered to participate in this study through a series of interviews, short-term observations and a questionnaire. Positive Affect scale from Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS questionnaire was used to measure the developers’ state of positive affect during two intervals. Results: These findings found that not agile- XP practices adopted by the developers. This is due to knowledge barriers and organizational culture. However, agile approach induced level of positive affectivity amongst the members during software development process. In addition, agile approach promotes the members to be more active in coordinating and collaborating amongst teams. Conclusion: The findings in this study give an insight towards applying a flexible agile approach to accommodate and suit organizational culture. Effective methodology and organizational culture are important factors that must be considered to produce innovative teams and quality software.

  3. Traditional versus Agile: The Tragile Framework for Information Systems Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammed S. Seyam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Traditional systems development methodologies sometimes fall short in today?s business environments because they lack the flexibility required for most of today?s information systems projects. In response to this problem, so called "Agile" software development methodologies have been proposed and put to use. Although agile development appeared as a way to overcome the limitations of the traditional development methodologies, they faced some challenges when applied in specific problem domains. The concept of agility, which emphasizes human role in software development processes, is revolutionizing the systems analysis and design field as well as the software engineering field. However, the question that begs an answer is whether traditional systems development methodologies have no place in today?s fastpaced developments. This paper demonstrates the extent to which agile software development methodologies can be combined with traditional approaches to information systems development, showing the advantages of combining agile and traditional approaches in the same project. The paper then proposes the "Tragile" framework, which is a hybrid framework that combines both traditional and agile development practices to serve the field of information systems development. The paper then presents a summary of a case study application to show how the Tragile framework had affected the development process in the selected project.

  4. Toward the Integration of Traditional and Agile Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-Fu Chang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The agile approach uses continuous delivery, instead of distinct procedure, to work closer with customers and to respond faster requirement changes. All of these are against the traditional plan driven approach. Due to agile method’s characteristics and its success in the real world practices, a number of discussions regarding the differences between agile and traditional approaches emerged recently and many studies intended to integrate both methods to synthesize the benefits from these two sides. However, this type of research often concludes from observations of a development activity or surveys after a project. To provide a more objective supportive evidence of comparing these two approaches, our research analyzes the source codes, logs, and notes. We argue that the agile and traditional approaches share common characteristics, which can be considered as the glue for integrating both methods. In our study, we collect all the submissions from the version control repository, and meeting notes and discussions. By applying our suggested analysis method, we illustrate the shared properties between agile and traditional approaches; thus, different development phases, like implementation and test, can still be identified in agile development history. This result not only provides a positive result for our hypothesis but also offers a suggestion for a better integration.

  5. The Impact of Cloud Computing on Information Systems Agility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Sawas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available As businesses are encountering frequent harsh economic conditions, concepts such as outsourcing, agile and lean management, change management and cost reduction are constantly gaining more attention. This is because these concepts are all aimed at saving on budgets and facing unexpected changes. Latest technologies like cloud computing promise to turn IT, that has always been viewed as a cost centre, into a source of saving money and driving flexibility and agility to the business. The purpose of this paper is to first compile a set of attributes that govern the agility benefits added to information systems by cloud computing and then develop a survey-based instrument to measure these agility benefits. Our research analysis employs non-probability sampling based on a combination of convenience and judgment. This approach was used to obtain a representative sample of participants from potential companies belonging to various industries such as oil & gas, banking, private, government and semi-governmental organizations. This research will enable decision makers to measure agility enhancements and hence compare the agility of Information Systems before and after deploying cloud computing.

  6. AGILE Observations of Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes

    CERN Document Server

    Marisaldi, M; Labanti, C; Bulgarelli, A; Gianotti, F; Trifoglio, M; Tavani, M; Argan, A; Del Monte, E; Longo, F; Barbiellini, G; Giuliani, A; Trois, A

    2011-01-01

    The AGILE satellite, operating since mid 2007 and primarily devoted to high-energy astrophysics, is one of the only three currently operating space instruments capable of detecting Terrestrial Gamma-Ray Flashes (TGFs), together with RHESSI and $Fermi$-GBM. Thanks to the AGILE Mini-Calorimeter instrument energy range extended up to 100MeV and its flexible trigger logic on sub-millisecond time scales, AGILE is detecting more than 10 TGFs/month, adding a wealth of observations which pose severe constrains on production models. The main AGILE discoveries in TGF science during two and a half years of observations are the following: 1) the TGF spectrum extends well above 40 MeV, 2) the high energy tail of the TGF spectrum is harder than expected and cannot be easily explained by previous theoretical models, 3) TGFs can be localized from space using high-energy photons detected by the AGILE gamma-ray imaging detector. In this presentation we will describe the characteristics of the 2.5-years AGILE TGF sample, focusi...

  7. Distributed agile software development for the SKA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wicenec, Andreas; Parsons, Rebecca; Kitaeff, Slava; Vinsen, Kevin; Wu, Chen; Nelson, Paul; Reed, David

    2012-09-01

    The SKA software will most probably be developed by many groups distributed across the globe and coming from dierent backgrounds, like industries and research institutions. The SKA software subsystems will have to cover a very wide range of dierent areas, but still they have to react and work together like a single system to achieve the scientic goals and satisfy the challenging data ow requirements. Designing and developing such a system in a distributed fashion requires proper tools and the setup of an environment to allow for ecient detection and tracking of interface and integration issues in particular in a timely way. Agile development can provide much faster feedback mechanisms and also much tighter collaboration between the customer (scientist) and the developer. Continuous integration and continuous deployment on the other hand can provide much faster feedback of integration issues from the system level to the subsystem developers. This paper describes the results obtained from trialing a potential SKA development environment based on existing science software development processes like ALMA, the expected distribution of the groups potentially involved in the SKA development and experience gained in the development of large scale commercial software projects.

  8. "Agile" Battery Technology Transfer-Lessons Learnt

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabatini, P.; Annoni, G.; Grossi, R.; Alia, Sergio; Reulier, David

    2008-09-01

    AGILE, the high energy astrophysics mission of the Italian Space Agency launched on April 23rd 2007, is the first LEO satellite to be powered by Saft's commercially available space qualified MPS176065 rechargeable lithium ion batteries.Saft and Carlo Gavazzi Space (CGS) have achieved a successful technology transfer replacing Ni-H2 batteries with high energy lithium ion batteries in a full speed program (4 months) and with a cost effective approach. The battery system comprises 2 x 24 Saft MPS176065 space qualified Li-ion cells in an 8s3p configuration (3 parallel arrays each composed by 8 series cell) with a nominal capacity of 2 x 480 Wh and an integral autonomous cell balancing system that ensures the maximum possible battery life.The MPS176065 space qualified cell is based on Saft's well proven MP series of prismatic rechargeable Li-ion batteries. It offers an extremely high capacity made possible by the stainless steel prismatic container that makes use of the volume which is otherwise lost when conventional cylindrical cells are packed together. A single prismatic cell has about 20% more volumetric energy density than an equivalent pack of cylindrical cells.

  9. The agile alert system for gamma-ray transients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bulgarelli, A.; Trifoglio, M.; Gianotti, F.; Fioretti, V. [INAF/IASF-Bologna, Via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna (Italy); Tavani, M.; Argan, A.; Trois, A.; Scalise, E. [INAF/IASF-Roma, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Parmiggiani, N.; Beneventano, D. [University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Science e Metodi dell' Ingegneria (Italy); Chen, A. W. [INAF/IASF-Milano, Via E. Bassini 15, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Vercellone, S. [School of Physics, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Wits 2050 (South Africa); Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F.; Lucarelli, F.; Santolamazza, P.; Fanari, G.; Giommi, P. [INAF/IASF-Palermo, Via U. La Malfa 153, I-90146 Palermo (Italy); Longo, F. [ASI-ASDC, Via G. Galilei, I-00044 Frascati (Roma) (Italy); Pellizzoni, A. [INFN Trieste, I-34127 Trieste (Italy); and others

    2014-01-20

    In recent years, a new generation of space missions has offered great opportunities for discovery in high-energy astrophysics. In this article we focus on the scientific operations of the Gamma-Ray Imaging Detector (GRID) on board the AGILE space mission. AGILE-GRID, sensitive in the energy range of 30 MeV-30 GeV, has detected many γ-ray transients of both galactic and extragalactic origin. This work presents the AGILE innovative approach to fast γ-ray transient detection, which is a challenging task and a crucial part of the AGILE scientific program. The goals are to describe (1) the AGILE Gamma-Ray Alert System, (2) a new algorithm for blind search identification of transients within a short processing time, (3) the AGILE procedure for γ-ray transient alert management, and (4) the likelihood of ratio tests that are necessary to evaluate the post-trial statistical significance of the results. Special algorithms and an optimized sequence of tasks are necessary to reach our goal. Data are automatically analyzed at every orbital downlink by an alert pipeline operating on different timescales. As proper flux thresholds are exceeded, alerts are automatically generated and sent as SMS messages to cellular telephones, via e-mail, and via push notifications from an application for smartphones and tablets. These alerts are crosschecked with the results of two pipelines, and a manual analysis is performed. Being a small scientific-class mission, AGILE is characterized by optimization of both scientific analysis and ground-segment resources. The system is capable of generating alerts within two to three hours of a data downlink, an unprecedented reaction time in γ-ray astrophysics.

  10. Chips 2020

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    The release of this second volume of CHIPS 2020 coincides with the 50th anniversary of Moore’s Law, a critical year marked by the end of the nanometer roadmap and by a significantly reduced annual rise in chip performance. At the same time, we are witnessing a data explosion in the Internet, which is consuming 40% more electrical power every year, leading to fears of a major blackout of the Internet by 2020. The messages of the first CHIPS 2020, published in 2012, concerned the realization of quantum steps for improving the energy efficiency of all chip functions. With this second volume, we review these messages and amplify upon the most promising directions: ultra-low-voltage electronics, nanoscale monolithic 3D integration, relevant-data, brain- and human-vision-inspired processing, and energy harvesting for chip autonomy. The team of authors, enlarged by more world leaders in low-power, monolithic 3D, video, and Silicon brains, presents new vistas in nanoelectronics, promising  Moore-like exponential g...

  11. The Southern Argentine Agile Meteor Radar (SAAMER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janches, Diego

    2014-11-01

    The Southern Argentina Agile Meteor Radar (SAAMER) is a new generation system deployed in Rio Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina (53 S) in May 2008. SAAMER transmits 10 times more power than regular meteor radars, and uses a newly developed transmitting array, which focuses power upward instead of the traditional single-antenna-all-sky configuration. The system is configured such that the transmitter array can also be utilized as a receiver. The new design greatly increases the sensitivity of the radar enabling the detection of large number of particles at low zenith angles. The more concentrated transmitted power enables additional meteor studies besides those typical of these systems based on the detection of specular reflections, such as routine detections of head echoes and non-specular trails, previously only possible with High Power and Large Aperture radars. In August 2010, SAAMER was upgraded to a system capable to determine meteoroid orbital parameters. This was achieved by adding two remote receiving stations approximately 10 km away from the main site in near perpendicular directions. The upgrade significantly expands the science that is achieved with this new radar enabling us to study the orbital properties of the interplanetary dust environment. Because of the unique geographical location, SAAMER allows for additional inter-hemispheric comparison with measurements from Canadian Meteor Orbit Radar, which is geographically conjugate. Initial surveys show, for example, that SAAMER observes a very strong contribution of the South Toroidal Sporadic meteor source, of which limited observational data is available. In addition, SAAMER offers similar unique capabilities for meteor showers and streams studies given the range of ecliptic latitudes that the system enables detailed study of showers at high southern latitudes (e.g July Phoenicids or Puppids complex). Finally, SAAMER is ideal for the deployment of complementary instrumentation in both, permanent

  12. Creativity in Agile Systems Development: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conboy, Kieran; Wang, Xiaofeng; Fitzgerald, Brian

    Proponents of agile methods claim that enabling, fostering and driving creativity is the key motivation that differentiates agile methods from their more traditional, beauraucratic counterparts. However, there is very little rigorous research to support this claim. Like most of their predecessors, the development and promotion of these methods has been almost entirely driven by practitioners and consultants, with little objective validation from the research community. This lack of validation is particularly relevant for SMEs, given that many of their project teams typify the environment to which agile methods are most suited i.e. small, co-located teams with diverse, blended skills in unstructured, sometimes even chaotic surroundings. This paper uses creativity theory as a lens to review the current agile method literature to understand exactly how much we know about the extent to which creativity actually occurs in these agile environments. The study reveals many gaps and conflict of opinion in the body of knowledge in its current state and identifies many avenues for further research.

  13. State of the Art of Agile Governance: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre J.H.de O.Luna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Context : Agility at the business level requires Information Technology (IT environment flex ible and customizable, as well as effective and responsive governance in order to deliver value faster, bette r, and cheaper to the business. Objective : To understand better this context, our paper seeks to investigate how the domain of agile governance has evolved, as well as to derive implications for research and practice. Method : We conducted a systematic review about the state of art of the agile governance up to and including 2013. Our search strategy identified 1992 studies in 10 databases, of which 167 had the po tential to answer our research questions. Results : We organized the studies into four major groups: software engineering, enterprise, manufacturing and multidisciplinary; classifying them into 16 emerging categories. As a result, the review provides a convergent definition for agile governance, six meta - principles, and a map of findings organized by topic and classified by relevance and convergence. Conclusion : The found evidence lead us to believe that agile governance is a relatively new, wide and multidisciplinary area focused on organizational performance and compet itiveness that needs to be more intensively studied. Finally, we made improvements and additions to the methodological approach for systematic reviews and qualitative studies.

  14. Assessment of the Molecular Expression and Structure of Gangliosides in Brain Metastasis of Lung Adenocarcinoma by an Advanced Approach Based on Fully Automated Chip-Nanoelectrospray Mass Spectrometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamfir, Alina D.; Serb, Alina; Vukeli, Željka; Flangea, Corina; Schiopu, Catalin; Fabris, Dragana; Kalanj-Bognar, Svjetlana; Capitan, Florina; Sisu, Eugen

    2011-12-01

    Gangliosides (GGs), sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids, are known to be involved in the invasive/metastatic behavior of brain tumor cells. Development of modern methods for determination of the variations in GG expression and structure during neoplastic cell transformation is a priority in the field of biomedical analysis. In this context, we report here on the first optimization and application of chip-based nanoelectrospray (NanoMate robot) mass spectrometry (MS) for the investigation of gangliosides in a secondary brain tumor. In our work a native GG mixture extracted and purified from brain metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma was screened by NanoMate robot coupled to a quadrupole time-of-flight MS. A native GG mixture from an age-matched healthy brain tissue, sampled and analyzed under identical conditions, served as a control. Comparative MS analysis demonstrated an evident dissimilarity in GG expression in the two tissue types. Brain metastasis is characterized by many species having a reduced N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) content, however, modified by fucosylation or O-acetylation such as Fuc-GM4, Fuc-GM3, di- O-Ac-GM1, O-Ac-GM3. In contrast, healthy brain tissue is dominated by longer structures exhibiting from mono- to hexasialylated sugar chains. Also, significant differences in ceramide composition were discovered. By tandem MS using collision-induced dissociation at low energies, brain metastasis-associated GD3 (d18:1/18:0) species as well as an uncommon Fuc-GM1 (d18:1/18:0) detected in the normal brain tissue could be structurally characterized. The novel protocol was able to provide a reliable compositional and structural characterization with high analysis pace and at a sensitivity situated in the fmol range.

  15. Managing agility through service orientation in an open telecommunication value chain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bastiaansen, H.J.M.; Hermans, P.

    2006-01-01

    Agility is key for telecommunication operators to survive in a deregulated, competitive, and converging telecommunications environment. Openness and reusability have emerged as leading concepts to realize such agility. These concepts have both a business perspective and an operational perspective. H

  16. Pathways to agility in the production of neutron generators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoltz, R.E. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Beavis, L.C.; Cutchen, J.T.; Garcia, P.; Gurule, G.A.; Harris, R.N.; McKey, P.C.; Williams, D.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1994-02-01

    This report is the result of a study team commissioned to explore pathways for increased agility in the manufacture of neutron generators. As a part of Sandia`s new responsibility for generator production, the goal of the study was to identify opportunities to reduce costs and increase flexibility in the manufacturing operation. Four parallel approaches (or pathways) were recommended: (1) Know the goal, (2) Use design leverage effectively, (3) Value simplicity, and (4) Configure for flexibility. Agility in neutron generator production can be enhanced if all of these pathways are followed. The key role of the workforce in achieving agility was also noted, with emphasis on ownership, continuous learning, and a supportive environment.

  17. Decision Support for Iteration Scheduling in Agile Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szőke, Ákos

    Today’s software business development projects often lay claim to low-risk value to the customers in order to be financed. Emerging agile processes offer shorter investment periods, faster time-to-market and better customer satisfaction. To date, however, in agile environments there is no sound methodological schedule support contrary to the traditional plan-based approaches. To address this situation, we present an agile iteration scheduling method whose usefulness is evaluated with post-mortem simulation. It demonstrates that the method can significantly improve load balancing of resources (cca. 5×), produce higher quality and lower-risk feasible schedule, and provide more informed and established decisions by optimized schedule production. Finally, the paper analyzes benefits and issues from the use of this method.

  18. ENACTED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS BASED ON AGILE AND AGENT METHODOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DR. NACHAMAI. M

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Software Engineering gives the procedures and practices to be followed in the software development and acts as a backbone for computer science engineering techniques. This paper deals with current trends in software engineering methodologies, Agile and Agent Oriented software development process. Agile Methodology is to meet the needs of dynamic changing requirements of the customers. This model is iterative and incremental and accepts the changes in requirements at any stage of development. Agent oriented software’s is a rapidly developing area of research , Software agents are an innovative technology designed to support the development of complex, distributed, and heterogeneous information systems. The work of paper weight against factors of agile and agent oriented software development process on the basis of Architectural Design ,Applicability,Project Duration, Customer Interaction Level, Team collaboration, Documentation, Software Models.

  19. Modeling of Agile Intelligent Manufacturing-oriented Production Scheduling System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong-Qi Sheng; Chang-Ping Tang; Ci-Xing Lv

    2010-01-01

    Agile intelligent manufacturing is one of the new manufacturing paradigms that adapt to the fierce globalizing market competition and meet the survival needs of the enterprises, in which the management and control of the production system have surpassed the scope of individual enterprise and embodied some new features including complexity, dynamicity, distributivity, and compatibility. The agile intelligent manufacturing paradigm calls for a production scheduling system that can support the cooperation among various production sectors, the distribution of various resources to achieve rational organization, scheduling and management of production activities. This paper uses multi-agents technology to build an agile intelligent manufacturing-oriented production scheduling system. Using the hybrid modeling method, the resources and functions of production system are encapsulated, and the agent-based production system model is established. A production scheduling-oriented multi-agents architecture is constructed and a multi-agents reference model is given in this paper.

  20. Agile vs Traditional Methodologies in Developing Information Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pere Tumbas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available After the review of principles and concepts of structural and object-oriented development of information systems, the work points to the elements of agile approaches and gives short description of some selected agile methodologies. After these reviews, their comparision according to criteria is done. The first criterion reviews the volume of methodology in which project management is used in developing information systems The second criterion shows if the processes, defined by methodology, cover appropriate phase of the life cycle. The last criterion shows if methodology iniciates the use of skills and tools in the life cycle phases of developing information systems. Finally, the work compares, according to the key elements of development, traditional (structural and object methodologies with agile methodologies.

  1. Working and Assembly Modes of the Agile Eye

    CERN Document Server

    Bonev, Ilian; Wenger, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with the in-depth kinematic analysis of a special spherical parallel wrist, called the Agile Eye. The Agile Eye is a three-legged spherical parallel robot with revolute joints in which all pairs of adjacent joint axes are orthogonal. Its most peculiar feature, demonstrated in this paper for the first time, is that its (orientation) workspace is unlimited and flawed only by six singularity curves (rather than surfaces). Furthermore, these curves correspond to self-motions of the mobile platform. This paper also demonstrates that, unlike for any other such complex spatial robots, the four solutions to the direct kinematics of the Agile Eye (assembly modes) have a simple geometric relationship with the eight solutions to the inverse kinematics (working modes).

  2. Agile Development for Service Oriented Business Intelligence Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinela MIRCEA

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Considering the evolution of information and communications technology, the necessity of alignment of public and private sectors to European Union requirements, the current economic crisis, and the global context, all organizations are trying to achieve major changes that would enable them to operate as intelligent organizations. For this purpose, agility and Business Intelligence are seen by most managers as a way to transform their organizations into intelligent organizations. The study highlights the importance of modern approaches (Service Oriented Architecture, Business Process Management, Business Rules, Cloud Computing, Master Data Management in developing agile Business Intelligence solutions. The paper also presents the stages of developing an agile Business Intelligence solution in the case of public procurement.

  3. EVALUATION OF THE MOST USED AGILE METHODS (XP, LEAN, SCRUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BODJE N’KAUH NATHAN-REGIS

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With the emergence of Agile Software Development technologies, the software community is expecting in a large impact on producing quality. The Agile Software Development ideas were presentedin the form of Agile Manifesto which consists of four values and twelve principles. Toyota System production, set also a series of principles and practices which has lead Toyota Motor Corporationcommonly known simply as Toyota (multinational automaker on the top of the car industry market by achieving a reputation for the production of very high quality vehicles in all countries around the world. The main question that each new technology must pass through with success is: How much it’s worth? This paper propose a model for determining the significance worth of quality into the most used agilemethods (eXtreme programming, Scrum, Lean inspired by the Toyota Production System(TPS.

  4. Multiwavelength behavior of blazars in the AGILE era

    CERN Document Server

    Vercellone, S

    2009-01-01

    The AGILE gamma-ray satellite accumulated data over two years on several blazars. Moreover, for all of the sources detected by AGILE, we exploited multiwavelength observations involving both space and ground based telescopes and consortia, obtaining in several cases broad-band spectral energy distributions (SEDs) which span from the radio wavelengths up to the TeV energy band. I will review both published and yet unpublished AGILE results on gamma-ray blazars, discussing their time variability, their gamma-ray flare durations and the theoretical modeling of the SEDs. I will also highlight the GASP-WEBT and Swift fundamental contributions to the simultaneous and long-term studies of gamma-ray blazars.

  5. Onshore and Offshore Outsourcing with Agility: Lessons Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kussmaul, Clifton

    This chapter reflects on case study based an agile distributed project that ran for approximately three years (from spring 2003 to spring 2006). The project involved (a) a customer organization with key personnel distributed across the US, developing an application with rapidly changing requirements; (b) onshore consultants with expertise in project management, development processes, offshoring, and relevant technologies; and (c) an external offsite development team in a CMM-5 organization in southern India. This chapter is based on surveys and discussions with multiple participants. The several years since the project was completed allow greater perspective on both the strengths and weaknesses, since the participants can reflect on the entire life of the project, and compare it to subsequent experiences. Our findings emphasize the potential for agile project management in distributed software development, and the importance of people and interactions, taking many small steps to find and correct errors, and matching the structures of the project and product to support implementation of agility.

  6. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    OpenAIRE

    Behrooz Razmi; Hossein Mohammad Ghasemi

    2015-01-01

    Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995). Independent variable...

  7. The Adapted V-Model: A Practical Approach to Agile Testing

    OpenAIRE

    Yasser Ghanim

    2015-01-01

    Agile methods largely remove the distinction between phases and roles with no predefined order of activities. Some agile approaches such as Test-Driven Development (TDD) switch the traditional order of coding and testing and largely remove the boundary between the two implying that testing is becoming more a technical responsibility of the developers! Testers are complaining of loss of identity and scope within agile teams. In parallel some modern non-agile testing approaches such as Risk-bas...

  8. It's about time: investigating the temporal parameters of decision making in agile teams

    OpenAIRE

    O Riordan, Niamh; Acton, Thomas; Conboy, Kieran; Golden, Willie

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed The emergence and widespread adoption of agile methodologies is often explained by the need to improve time management in Information Systems Development (ISD). Indeed, a growing body of evidence supports the view that agile methodologies are an effective means of delivering productivity gains through time savings. That is to say, agile methodologies can be used to increase speed and efficiency in ISD projects. In addition, lightweight agile methodologies ar...

  9. Risks characteristic to Agile project management methodologies and responses to them

    OpenAIRE

    Wojciech Walczak; Dorota Kuchta

    2013-01-01

    Agile methods for project management are often treated as methods for mitigating risk. However, there is disagreement as to whether explicit methods of risk management should be used in projects which are executed according to Agile methodology or is the implicit risk management built into Agile methodologies sufficient. To contribute to the discussion, an attempt has been made to identify risks that are either caused by the introduction of an Agile methodology to a project or become more sig...

  10. Trends and perspectives - An architecture for agile shop floor control systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langer, Gilad; Alting, Leo

    2001-01-01

    Changes in markets and global business trends affect the manufacturing environment in infinite ways. These changes have brought about the need for a paradigm shift to reassess the manner in which manufacturing systems are developed and operated. New theories and concepts present solutions to enab...... that is inherently agile. This agility is achieved through two performance parameters: operational agility, allowing for operational change; and structural agility, allowing for structural changes and reconfiguration....

  11. A review and future direction of agile, business intelligence, analytics and data science

    OpenAIRE

    Larson, Deanne; Chang, Victor

    2016-01-01

    Agile methodologies were introduced in 2001. Since this time, practitioners have applied Agile methodologies to many delivery disciplines. This article explores the application of Agile methodologies and principles to business intelligence delivery and how Agile has changed with the evolution of business intelligence. Business intelligence has evolved because the amount of data generated through the internet and smart devices has grown exponentially altering how organizations and individuals...

  12. Agile Principles Applied to a Complex Long Term Research Activity - The PERIMETER Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Eileen; Sivrikaya, Fikret; Haemmerle, Christian; Salgarelli, Luca

    2009-01-01

    Agile software development is a group of software development methodologies that are based on similar principles, as defined in the Agile Manifesto. Agile software projects are characterized by iterative and incremental development, accommodation of changes and active customer participation. The popularity of agile principles is steadily increasing. Their adopters report that this development process leads to higher software quality and customer satisfaction ratings when compared to using ...

  13. A Conceptual Model and Process for Client-driven Agile Requirements Prioritization

    OpenAIRE

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Herrmann, Andrea; Wieringa, Roel J.

    2010-01-01

    Continuous customer-centric requirements reprioritization is essential in successfully performing agile software development. Yet, in the agile RE literature, very little is known about how agile reprioritization happens in practice. Generic conceptual models about this process are missing, which in turn, makes it difficult for both practitioners and researchers to reason about requirements decision-making at inter-iteration time. This paper presents a Grounded Theory study on agile requireme...

  14. ???Lots done, more to do???: the current state of agile systems development research

    OpenAIRE

    Abrahamsson, Pekka; Conboy, Kieran; Wang, Xiaofeng

    2009-01-01

    peer-reviewed Agile systems development methods emerged as a response to the inability of previous plandriven approaches to handle rapidly changing environments (Highsmith 2002). Originating from so-called ???light-weight??? methods and promoted through the publication of the Agile Manifesto (2001), the agile method family have become highly prevalent in recent years. Meantime, agile system development research has gained momentum, as is evident from the increasing number of dedicated jour...

  15. Research on Evolutionary Mechanism of Agile Supply Chain Network via Complex Network Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Nai-Ru Xu; Jia-Bao Liu; De-Xun Li; Jun Wang

    2016-01-01

    The paper establishes the evolutionary mechanism model of agile supply chain network by means of complex network theory which can be used to describe the growth process of the agile supply chain network and analyze the complexity of the agile supply chain network. After introducing the process and the suitability of taking complex network theory into supply chain network research, the paper applies complex network theory into the agile supply chain network research, analyzes the complexity of...

  16. Object-oriented architecture of control system for agile manufacturing cells

    OpenAIRE

    Lau, HCW; Ning, A.; Chan, FTS; Zhang, J.

    2000-01-01

    The depiction of the agile manufacturing cell includes a synopsis of some of the change proficiencies obtained by the configuration. To achieve agile configuration, the cell control system for agile manufacturing must be rapidly and efficiently generated or modified. In this paper, the object-oriented architecture is defined that supports design and implementation of highly reconfigurable control systems for agile manufacturing cells, which is composed of database objects, control objects, an...

  17. Dynamic Organization and Methodology for Agile Virtual Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晓飞; 叶丹; 李全龙; 战德臣

    2000-01-01

    With the trend of the worldwide market competition, the global agile manufacturing will become an advanced manufacturing technology in 21st cen-tury, and the Agile Virtual Enterprise (AVE) will also become a new organization form of manufacturing enterprises. As AVE is a complicated enterprise, how to build an optimal AVE organization is a difficult problem. In this paper, based on the analysis of the AVE organization, the methodology for AVE including enterprise architecture, reference model, enterprise modeling methods and toolkit, guideline for system implementation is proposed. This paper also presents a Virtual Organization Integrated Support Environment (VOISE), which provides the computer-aided support for rapidly building an optimal AVE.

  18. Adaptation of Agile Project Management Methodology for Project Team

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasnacis Arturs

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A project management methodology that defines basic processes, tools, techniques, methods, resources and procedures used to manage a project is necessary for effective and successful IT project management. Each company needs to define its own methodology or adapt some of the existing ones. The purpose of the research is to evaluate the possibilities of adapting IT project development methodology according to the company, company employee characteristics and their mutual relations. The adaptation process will be illustrated with a case study at an IT company in Latvia where the developed methodology is based on Agile Scrum, one of the most widespread Agile methods.

  19. Advances in waveform-agile sensing for tracking

    CERN Document Server

    Sira, Sandeep Prasad

    2009-01-01

    Recent advances in sensor technology and information processing afford a new flexibility in the design of waveforms for agile sensing. Sensors are now developed with the ability to dynamically choose their transmit or receive waveforms in order to optimize an objective cost function. This has exposed a new paradigm of significant performance improvements in active sensing: dynamic waveform adaptation to environment conditions, target structures, or information features. The manuscript provides a review of recent advances in waveform-agile sensing for target tracking applications. A dynamic wav

  20. Atom Chips

    CERN Document Server

    Folman, R; Cassettari, D; Hessmo, B; Maier, T; Schmiedmayer, J; Folman, Ron; Krüger, Peter; Cassettari, Donatella; Hessmo, Björn; Maier, Thomas

    1999-01-01

    Atoms can be trapped and guided using nano-fabricated wires on surfaces, achieving the scales required by quantum information proposals. These Atom Chips form the basis for robust and widespread applications of cold atoms ranging from atom optics to fundamental questions in mesoscopic physics, and possibly quantum information systems.

  1. Towards Comprehensive and Disciplined Change Management Strategy in Agile Transformation Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taghi Javdani Gandomani

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Moving to agile through a well-defined strategy and framework is essential and this socio-technical process should be studied in deep. Advantages and earned values of agile approach in software industry motivate a lot of companies to try to use agile methods in their software product lines. Transformation process to agile methods is not easy and because of its nature, takes a long time. Since agile transformation needs organizational mutation, companies are faced with many challenges during this process. While several studies have been conducted for how to use agile methods, some other studies have focused on finding obstacles in agile adoption process. However, previous studies are valuable, but each of them has focused the change process from a particular perspective. In this study we discuss the dimensions of agile transformation process from a wider perspective. We will show that focusing on agile adoption is not the only master key for success in agile transformation process and we need to define an agile change management strategy for this organizational metamorphosis. This strategy should consider all aspects of changing approach and is underpinning of achievement in agile transformation process through substantive transformation experiences.

  2. Agility in asset management, or: how to be flexible with assets designed for stability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruitenburg, R.J.; Braaksma, A.J.J.; Dongen, van L.A.M.

    2016-01-01

    Agility is increasingly important in manufacturing. However, thus far little attention has been paid to the agility of the physical assets used in production, which are typically designed for decades of operation in a stable context. This paper investigates the topic of agile Asset Management using

  3. Agile Requirements Prioritization: What Happens in Practice and What Is Described in Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakalova, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Herrmann, Andrea; Wieringa, Roel

    2011-01-01

    [Context & motivation] Requirements (re)prioritization is an essential mechanism of agile development approaches to maximize the value for the clients and to accommodate changing requirements. Yet, in the agile Requirements Engineering (RE) literature, very little is known about how agile (re)priori

  4. A Conceptual Model of Client-driven Agile Requirements Prioritization: Results of a Case Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Herrmann, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT Requirements (re)prioritization is an essential mechanism of agile development approaches to maximize the value for the clients and to accommodate changing requirements. Yet, in the agile Requirements Engineering (RE) literature, very little is known about how agile (re)prioritization happe

  5. A Conceptual Model and Process for Client-driven Agile Requirements Prioritization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Herrmann, Andrea; Wieringa, Roel J.

    2010-01-01

    Continuous customer-centric requirements reprioritization is essential in successfully performing agile software development. Yet, in the agile RE literature, very little is known about how agile reprioritization happens in practice. Generic conceptual models about this process are missing, which in

  6. Getting agile methods to work for Cordys Global Software product development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillegersberg, van Jos; Ligtenberg, Gerwin; Aydin, Mehmet N.; Kotlarsky, J.; Willcocks, L.P.; Oshri, I.

    2011-01-01

    Getting agile methods to work in global software development is a potentially rewarding but challenging task. Agile methods are relatively young and still maturing. The application to globally distributed projects is in its early stages. Various guidelines on how to apply and sometimes adapt agile m

  7. A Capstone Course on Agile Software Development Using Scrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahnic, V.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, an undergraduate capstone course in software engineering is described that not only exposes students to agile software development, but also makes it possible to observe the behavior of developers using Scrum for the first time. The course requires students to work as Scrum Teams, responsible for the implementation of a set of user…

  8. Coordination as a service to enable agile business networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hillegersberg, van J.; Moonen, H.; Dalmolen, S.; Kotlarsky, Julia; Oshri, Ilan; Willcocks, Leslie P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper surveys the current organizational requirements of agile business networks and then studies how emerging ICT are addressing the needs. The paper concludes that while several requirements are covered by novel cloud and Saas offerings, several requirements related to service coordination, c

  9. DESIGNING DEPENDABLE AGILE LAYERED WEB SERVICES SECURITY ARCHITECTURE SOLUTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    M.Upendra Kumar; Dr.D.Sravan Kumar; Dr. B.PADMAJA RANI; K.Venkateswara Rao

    2011-01-01

    Service Orientation Engineering (SOE) (using Web Services) and Agile modeling software development presents promising solutions for contemporary software development projects to deal effectively withchallenges in increasingly turbulent business environments typified by unpredictable markets, changing customer requirements, pressures of even shorter time to deliver, and rapidly advancing informationtechnologies. Web Services Security Architectures have three layers, as provided by NIST standar...

  10. Enabling Agility through Coordinating Temporally Constrained Planning Agents

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuisen, J.R.; De Weerdt, M.M.; Witteveen, C.

    2007-01-01

    In crisis response, hierarchical organizations are being replaced by dynamic assemblies of autonomous agents that promise more agility. However, these autonomous agents might cause a decrease in effectiveness when individually constructed plans for moderately-coupled tasks are not jointly feasible.

  11. Agile manufacturing and constraints management: a strategic perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stratton, Roy; Yusuf, Yahaya Y.

    2000-10-01

    The definition of the agile paradigm has proved elusive and is often viewed as a panacea, in contention with more traditional approaches to operations strategy development and Larkin its own methodology and tools. The Theory of Constraints (TOC) is also poorly understood, as it is commonly solely associated with production planning and control systems and bottleneck management. This paper will demonstrate the synergy between these two approaches together with the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ), and establish how the systematic elimination of trade-offs can support the agile paradigm. Whereas agility is often seen as a trade-off free destination, both TOC and TRIZ may be considered to be route finders, as they comprise methodologies that focus on the identification and elimination of the trade-offs that constrain the purposeful improvement of a system, be it organizational or mechanical. This paper will also show how the TOC thinking process may be combined with the TRIZ knowledge based approach and used in breaking contradictions within agile logistics.

  12. Agile manufacturing and technology transfer to industrialising countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steenhuis, Harm-Jan; Boer, de Sirp

    2003-01-01

    One of the requirements of agile manufacturing, the necessity to gain flexibility, can be reached by using a supplier network. A possible way to develop a supplier network is by subcontracting to parties in industrialising countries. In most cases, it is necessary to transfer technology. The aircraf

  13. Network configuration management : paving the way to network agility.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maestas, Joseph H.

    2007-08-01

    Sandia networks consist of nearly nine hundred routers and switches and nearly one million lines of command code, and each line ideally contributes to the capabilities of the network to convey information from one location to another. Sandia's Cyber Infrastructure Development and Deployment organizations recognize that it is therefore essential to standardize network configurations and enforce conformance to industry best business practices and documented internal configuration standards to provide a network that is agile, adaptable, and highly available. This is especially important in times of constrained budgets as members of the workforce are called upon to improve efficiency, effectiveness, and customer focus. Best business practices recommend using the standardized configurations in the enforcement process so that when root cause analysis results in recommended configuration changes, subsequent configuration auditing will improve compliance to the standard. Ultimately, this minimizes mean time to repair, maintains the network security posture, improves network availability, and enables efficient transition to new technologies. Network standardization brings improved network agility, which in turn enables enterprise agility, because the network touches all facets of corporate business. Improved network agility improves the business enterprise as a whole.

  14. Embracing Agile methodology during DevOps Developer Internship Program

    OpenAIRE

    Patwardhan, Amol; Kidd, Jon; Urena, Tiffany; Rajgopalan, Aishwarya

    2016-01-01

    The DevOps team adopted agile methodologies during the summer internship program as an initiative to move away from waterfall. The DevOps team implemented the Scrum software development strategy to create an internal data dictionary web application. This article reports on the transition process and lessons learned from the pilot program.

  15. Agile Software Development Methods: A Comparative Review1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrahamsson, Pekka; Oza, Nilay; Siponen, Mikko T.

    Although agile software development methods have caught the attention of software engineers and researchers worldwide, scientific research still remains quite scarce. The aim of this study is to order and make sense of the different agile approaches that have been proposed. This comparative review is performed from the standpoint of using the following features as the analytical perspectives: project management support, life-cycle coverage, type of practical guidance, adaptability in actual use, type of research objectives and existence of empirical evidence. The results show that agile software development methods cover, without offering any rationale, different phases of the software development life-cycle and that most of these methods fail to provide adequate project management support. Moreover, quite a few methods continue to offer little concrete guidance on how to use their solutions or how to adapt them in different development situations. Empirical evidence after ten years of application remains quite limited. Based on the results, new directions on agile methods are outlined.

  16. Cloud Computing as an Enabler of Agile Global Software Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maureen Tanner

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Agile global software development (AGSD is an increasingly prevalent software development strategy, as organizations hope to realize the benefits of accessing a larger resource pool of skilled labor, at a potentially reduced cost, while at the same time delivering value incrementally and iteratively. However, the distributed nature of AGSD creates geographic, temporal, socio-cultural distances that challenge collaboration between project stakeholders. The Cloud Computing (CC service models of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS, Platform as a Service (PaaS, and Software as a Service (SaaS are similar to the aspirant qualities of AGSD as they provide services that are globally accessible, efficient, and stable, with lower predictable operating costs that scale to meet the computational demand. This study focused on the 12 agile principles upon which all agile methodologies are based, therein potentially increasing the potential for the findings to be generalized. Domestication Theory was used to assist in understanding how cloud technologies were appropriated in support of AGSD. The research strategy took the form of case study research. The findings suggest that some of the challenges in applying the agile principles in AGSD may be overcome by using CC.

  17. Impact of Agile Software Development Model on Software Maintainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gawali, Ajay R.

    2012-01-01

    Software maintenance and support costs account for up to 60% of the overall software life cycle cost and often burdens tightly budgeted information technology (IT) organizations. Agile software development approach delivers business value early, but implications on software maintainability are still unknown. The purpose of this quantitative study…

  18. Team Performance in Software Development: Research Results versus Agile Principles

    OpenAIRE

    Dingsøyr, Torgeir; Fægri, Tor Erlend; Dybå, Tore; Haugset, Børge; Lindsjørn, Yngve

    2016-01-01

    This article reviews scientific studies of factors influencing colocated development teams' performance and proposes five factors that strongly affect performance. In the process, it compares these propositions with the Agile Manifesto's development principles. The Web extra at https://extras.computer.org/extra/mso2016040106s1.pdf details the sources and research methods the authors employed

  19. PhD-project Robust and Agile Planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Evers, L.

    2013-01-01

    The PhD research by Lanah Evers is a collaborative research project between TNO, the Netherlands Defence Academy (NLDA) and the Erasmus University of Rotterdam and aims to develop robust and agile planning methods for military operations. This PhD research is supervised by Dr. A. Barros (TNO), who i

  20. AGILE Mini-Calorimeter gamma-gay burst catalog

    CERN Document Server

    Galli, M; Fuschino, F; Labanti, C; Argan, A; Barbiellini, G; Bulgarelli, A; Cattaneo, P W; Colafrancesco, S; Del Monte, E; Feroci, M; Giannotti, F; Giuliani, A; Longo, F; Mereghetti, S; Morselli, A; Pacciani, L; Pellizzoni, A; Pittori, C; Rapisarda, M; Rappoldi, A; Tavani, M; Trifoglio, M; Trois, A; Vercellone, S; Verrecchia, F

    2013-01-01

    The Mini-Calorimeter of the AGILE satellite can observe the high-energy part of gamma-ray bursts with good timing capability. We present the data of the 85 hard gamma-gay bursts observed by the Mini-Calorimeter since the launch (April 2007) until October 2009. We report the timing data for 84 and spectral data for 21 burst.

  1. U-CrAc Flexible Interior Doctrine, Agile Learning Environments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Søren Bolvig; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2012-01-01

    The research domain of this article is flexible learning environment for immediate use. The research question is: How can the learning environment support an agile learning process? The research contribution of this article is a flexible interior doctrine. The research method is action research...

  2. Study on the Agile Virtual Enterprise's Organizing Form and Running Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ke; CHEN Ju-hong

    2004-01-01

    In this paper,we begin with the swift changes in the knowledge economy time,analyze the implication of the agility,and consider the agile virtual enterprise as the main organizational form for the manufacturing enterprises to realize agility.We classify the agile virtual enterprises into products alliance style and knowledge alliance style,and compares their main features and profit distribution models.As a result,we give four basic structures for the building and running of the agile virtual enterprises.

  3. Its time to act:understanding and assessing agility in information systems development

    OpenAIRE

    Stacey, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on addressing the question of how agile are agile methods. To do this I synthesize seven general features of agility, drawing on management and sociology disciplines, into a framework, to act as a ‘gold standard’ by which to compare agile methods. I found that agile methods did not entirely measure up to this framework and that they were lacking in terms of (i) survival, (ii) prospering or thriving on change, and (iii) being able to regulate and leverage emotions in action ...

  4. Microarray-based gene expression profiles in rabbit retina due to negative pressure suction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, H X; Niu, C M; Guan, W Y

    2012-01-01

    We investigated a possible molecular pathogenesis involving retinal ganglion cell apoptosis following transient high intraocular pressure. Changes in the gene expression profiles of the retina were detected via gene chip methodology. Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to control and 3-min negative pressure suction groups. The control group was treated only with a laser, and the experimental group was also treated with suction for 3 min, using a negative pressure generator. Total RNA was then extracted from the retinal tissue at different recovery stages to analyze gene expression profiles using the Agilent rabbit one-way gene chip. The groups were then compared. Immediately after negative pressure suction induction, 704 genes were differentially expressed. Among these, 485 genes were upregulated, and 219 were downregulated. Expression of the genes encoding CRYAA, CRYAB, and TLR3 genes, which are involved in apoptosis, was elevated. The KRT18 gene, which is involved in apoptosis, had reduced expression. Seven days after negative pressure suction, 482 genes were differentially expressed. Among these, 178 genes were upregulated, and 304 were downregulated. Expression of the genes encoding CRYAB, IL1-BETA and IL1R1, which are involved in apoptosis, was upregulated. Ten days after negative pressure suction, 402 genes were differentially expressed. Of these, 213 genes were upregulated, and 189 were downregulated. Apoptosis genes CRYAB, CRYBA3, CRYBB2, IL1- BETA, and IL1R1 showed higher expression levels. We concluded that negative pressure suction for long periods of time (for example, 3 min) results in changes in gene expression. Genes with higher fold changes help protect retinal ganglion cells from apoptosis. We suggest that promoting the expression of these genes should be considered as a new means for treating ischemic-hypoxic retinopathy. PMID:22653643

  5. Statistical Analyses and Modeling of the Implementation of Agile Manufacturing Tactics in Industrial Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad D. AL-Tahat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a review and introduction on agile manufacturing. Tactics of agile manufacturing are mapped into different production areas (eight-construct latent: manufacturing equipment and technology, processes technology and know-how, quality and productivity improvement, production planning and control, shop floor management, product design and development, supplier relationship management, and customer relationship management. The implementation level of agile manufacturing tactics is investigated in each area. A structural equation model is proposed. Hypotheses are formulated. Feedback from 456 firms is collected using five-point-Likert-scale questionnaire. Statistical analysis is carried out using IBM SPSS and AMOS. Multicollinearity, content validity, consistency, construct validity, ANOVA analysis, and relationships between agile components are tested. The results of this study prove that the agile manufacturing tactics have positive effect on the overall agility level. This conclusion can be used by manufacturing firms to manage challenges when trying to be agile.

  6. Project management the agile way making it work in the enterprise

    CERN Document Server

    Goodpasture, John C

    2016-01-01

    Widely acclaimed as one of the top Agile books and a recommended resource for the PMI-ACP Exam in its first edition, Project Management the Agile Way by popular demand has been updated and redesigned. This second edition is in modular format to facilitate training and advanced course instruction, and provides new coverage of Agile, such as hybrid agile methods, the latest public sector practices, and a chapter dedicated to transitioning to agile. It discusses the "grand bargain" between project management and business, the shift in dominance from plans to product, and from input to output, and introduces new concepts such as return on benefit. Experienced practitioners and students that want to learn how to make agile work effectively in the enterprise should read this book. Individuals preparing for the PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) examination, and training providers developing courses, will find this second edition quite helpful.

  7. A Mapping Model for Transforming Traditional Software Development Methods to Agile Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rashmi Popli

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Agility is bringing in responsibility and ownership in individuals, which will eventually bring outeffectiveness and efficiency in deliverables. Agile model is growing in the market at very good pace.Companies are drifting from traditional Software Development Life Cycle models to Agile Environment forthe purpose of attaining quality and for the sake of saving cost and time. Nimbleness nature of Agile ishelpful in frequent releases so as to satisfy the customer by providing frequent dual feedback. InTraditional models, life cycle is properly defined and also phases are elaborated by specifying needed inputand output parameters. On the other hand, in Agile environment, phases are specific to methodologies ofAgile - Extreme Programming etc. In this paper a common life cycle approach is proposed that isapplicable for different kinds of teams. The paper aims to describe a mapping function for mapping oftraditional methods to Agile method.

  8. Research on Evolutionary Mechanism of Agile Supply Chain Network via Complex Network Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nai-Ru Xu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper establishes the evolutionary mechanism model of agile supply chain network by means of complex network theory which can be used to describe the growth process of the agile supply chain network and analyze the complexity of the agile supply chain network. After introducing the process and the suitability of taking complex network theory into supply chain network research, the paper applies complex network theory into the agile supply chain network research, analyzes the complexity of agile supply chain network, presents the evolutionary mechanism of agile supply chain network based on complex network theory, and uses Matlab to simulate degree distribution, average path length, clustering coefficient, and node betweenness. Simulation results show that the evolution result displays the scale-free property. It lays the foundations of further research on agile supply chain network based on complex network theory.

  9. Organizational Agility and Complex Enterprise System Innovations: A Mixed Methods Study of the Effects of Enterprise Systems on Organizational Agility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharabe, Amol T.

    2012-01-01

    Over the last two decades, firms have operated in "increasingly" accelerated "high-velocity" dynamic markets, which require them to become "agile." During the same time frame, firms have increasingly deployed complex enterprise systems--large-scale packaged software "innovations" that integrate and automate…

  10. Active Solar Sail Designs for Chip-Scale Spacecraft

    OpenAIRE

    Weis, Lorraine; Peck, Mason

    2014-01-01

    Centimeter-scale spacecraft, known as ”Chipsats,” have very high surface-area-to-mass ratios, which accentuates solar radiation pressure (SRP) effects. In contrast to traditional. large solar sails, chip-scale solar sails have the potential to be highly agile in terms of attitude because of their structural rigidity and low moments of inertia. This ability to easily reorient a solar sail greatly expands the orbits that a solar-sail spacecraft can achieve. Solar sail actuation through electroc...

  11. Bayesian Modeling of ChIP-chip Data Through a High-Order Ising Model

    KAUST Repository

    Mo, Qianxing

    2010-01-29

    ChIP-chip experiments are procedures that combine chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and DNA microarray (chip) technology to study a variety of biological problems, including protein-DNA interaction, histone modification, and DNA methylation. The most important feature of ChIP-chip data is that the intensity measurements of probes are spatially correlated because the DNA fragments are hybridized to neighboring probes in the experiments. We propose a simple, but powerful Bayesian hierarchical approach to ChIP-chip data through an Ising model with high-order interactions. The proposed method naturally takes into account the intrinsic spatial structure of the data and can be used to analyze data from multiple platforms with different genomic resolutions. The model parameters are estimated using the Gibbs sampler. The proposed method is illustrated using two publicly available data sets from Affymetrix and Agilent platforms, and compared with three alternative Bayesian methods, namely, Bayesian hierarchical model, hierarchical gamma mixture model, and Tilemap hidden Markov model. The numerical results indicate that the proposed method performs as well as the other three methods for the data from Affymetrix tiling arrays, but significantly outperforms the other three methods for the data from Agilent promoter arrays. In addition, we find that the proposed method has better operating characteristics in terms of sensitivities and false discovery rates under various scenarios. © 2010, The International Biometric Society.

  12. A Case Study on Benefits and Side-Effects of Agile Practices in Large-Scale Requirements Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Bjarnason, Elizabeth; Wnuk, Krzysztof; Regnell, Björn

    2011-01-01

    In the software industry, there is a strong shift from traditional phase-based development towards agile methods and practices. This paper reports on a case study aimed at investigating if, and how, agile Requirements Engineering (RE) can remedy the challenges of traditional RE, and what new challenges agile RE may pose. The results from an initial case study with 9 practitioners from a large software development company, which is transitioning towards agile-inspired processes, show that agil...

  13. Is Water-Scrum-Fall Reality?:On the Use of Agile and Traditional Development Practices

    OpenAIRE

    Theocharis, Georgios; Kuhrmann, Marco; Münch, Jürgen; Diebold, Philipp (Master of Science - Informatik)

    2015-01-01

    For years, agile methods are considered the most promising route toward successful software development, and a considerable number of publications studies the (successful) use of agile methods and reports on the benefits companies have from adopting agile methods. Yet, since the world is not black or white, the question for what happened to the traditional models arises. Are traditional models replaced by agile methods? How is the transformation toward Agile managed, and, moreover, where did ...

  14. Oligomicroarray-based primary study of gene expression profile changes in Barrett's esophagus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Xingwei; Sun Yonggang; Xu Mei; Fang Dianchun; Gao Hengjun; Xu Jiangtao

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the differential expression genes (DEGs) between Barrett's esophagus (BE) and normal esophagus mucosa and explore the target genes related to the development and progression of BE. Methods: The total RNAs of matched BE and normal esophagus mucosa of BE patients were isolated using one step Trizol method.Matched RNAs were qualified using 10 g/L agarose gel electrophoresis, cRNAs were synthesized, fluorescence labeled and purified after total RNAs were purified. The RNAs of BE and normal esophagus mucosa were hybridized with Agilent oligomicroarray (30 968 probes). The fluorescence intensity features were detected by Agilent scanner and quantified by feature extraction software. Results: (1) The total RNA, reverse transcription product and fluorescence labeled cRNA were all of high quality; (2) There were 142 up-regulated genes and 284 down-regulated genes among 2-fold DEGs. Conclusion: Microarray-based studies are feasible in endoscopically obtained tissues. Many BE-associated genes are screened by the high-throughput gene chip. The development and progression of BE is a complicated process involving multiple genes and multiple procedures, and functional study of these genes may help to identify the key genes or pathways involved in the pathogenesis and development of BE.

  15. Study on the agile supply chain management based on agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The most important task of the agile supply chain management (ASCM) is to reconfigure a supply chain based on the customers' requirement. Without more sophisticated cooperation and dynamic formation in an agile supply chain, it cannot be achieved for mass customization, rapid response and high quality services. Because of its great potential in supporting cooperation for the supply chain management, agent technology can carry out the cooperative work by inter-operation across networked human, organization and machines at the abstractive level in a computational system. A major challenge in building such a system is to coordinate the behavior of individual agent or a group of agents to achieve the individual and shared goals of the participants. In this paper, the agent technology is used to support modeling and coordinating of supply chain management.

  16. Agile Data Management with the Global Change Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, B.; Aulenbach, S.; Tilmes, C.; Goldstein, J.

    2013-12-01

    We describe experiences applying agile software development techniques to the realm of data management during the development of the Global Change Information System (GCIS), a web service and API for authoritative global change information under development by the US Global Change Research Program. Some of the challenges during system design and implementation have been : (1) balancing the need for a rigorous mechanism for ensuring information quality with the realities of large data sets whose contents are often in flux, (2) utilizing existing data to inform decisions about the scope and nature of new data, and (3) continuously incorporating new knowledge and concepts into a relational data model. The workflow for managing the content of the system has much in common with the development of the system itself. We examine various aspects of agile software development and discuss whether or how we have been able to use them for data curation as well as software development.

  17. Highly Automated Agile Testing Process: An Industrial Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarosław Berłowski

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a description of an agile testing process in a medium size software project that is developed using Scrum. The research methods used is the case study were as follows: surveys, quantifiable project data sources and qualitative project members opinions were used for data collection. Challenges related to the testing process regarding a complex project environment and unscheduled releases were identified. Based on the obtained results, we concluded that the described approach addresses well the aforementioned issues. Therefore, recommendations were made with regard to the employed principles of agility, specifically: continuous integration, responding to change, test automation and test driven development. Furthermore, an efficient testing environment that combines a number of test frameworks (e.g. JUnit, Selenium, Jersey Test with custom-developed simulators is presented.

  18. Preparing your Offshore Organization for Agility: Experiences in India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, Jayakanth

    Two strategies that have significantly changed the way we conventionally think about managing software development and sustainment are the family of development approaches collectively referred to as agile methods, and the distribution of development efforts on a global scale. When you combine the two strategies, organizations have to address not only the technical challenges that arise from introducing new ways of working, but more importantly have to manage the 'soft' factors that if ignored lead to hard challenges. Using two case studies of distributed agile software development in India we illustrate the areas that organizations need to be aware of when transitioning work to India. The key issues that we emphasize are the need to recruit and retain personnel; the importance of teaching, mentoring and coaching; the need to manage customer expectations; the criticality of well-articulated senior leadership vision and commitment; and the reality of operating in a heterogeneous process environment.

  19. BTT autopilot design for agile missiles with aerodynamic uncer tainty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yueyue Ma; Jie Guo; Shengjing Tang

    2015-01-01

    The approach to the synthesis of autopilot with aerody-namic uncertainty is investigated in order to achieve large maneu-verability of agile missiles. The dynamics of the agile missile with reaction-jet control system (RCS) are presented. Subsequently, the cascade control scheme based on the bank-to-turn (BTT) steering technique is described. To address the aerodynamic un-certainties encountered by the control system, the active distur-bance rejection control (ADRC) method is introduced in the autopi-lot design. Furthermore, a compound control er, using extended state observer (ESO) to online estimate system uncertainties and calculate derivative of command signals, is designed based on dynamic surface control (DSC). Nonlinear simulation results show the feasibility of the proposed approach and validate the robust-ness of the control er with severe unmodeled dynamics.

  20. Agile Development and Dependency Management for Industrial Control Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Copy, B

    2011-01-01

    The production and exploitation of industrial control systems differ substantially from traditional information systems; this is in part due to constraints on the availability and change lifecycle of production systems, as well as their reliance on proprietary protocols and software packages with little support for open development standards [1]. The application of agile software development methods therefore represents a challenge which requires the adoption of existing change and build management tools and approaches that can help bridging the gap and reap the benefits of managed development when dealing with industrial control systems. This paper will consider how agile development tools such as Apache Maven for build management, Hudson for continuous integration or Sonatype Nexus for the operation of "definite media libraries" were leveraged to manage the development lifecyle of the CERN UAB framework [2], as well as other crucial building blocks of the CERN accelerator infrastructure, such as the CERN Co...

  1. BPM, Agile, and Virtualization Combine to Create Effective Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Hyer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The rate of change in business and government is accelerating. A number of techniques for addressing that change have emerged independently to provide for automated solutions in this environment. This paper will examine three of the most popular of these technologies— business process management, the agile software development movement, and infrastructure virtualization— to expose the commonalities in these approaches and how, when used together, their combined effect results in rapidly deployed, more successful solutions.

  2. The Scrum agile method: A systematic literature review

    OpenAIRE

    Krajnik, Matevž

    2016-01-01

    Scrum is an agile method for software engineering, used by companies to develop products faster and more efficiently. Because the customer is more engaged in the process and the development is incremental and iterative projects progress better, it is also easier to implement any changes in functionality the customer might want. In this thesis a review of existing scientific literature regarding the method Scrum in software engineering has been made. The review brought forth answers to three p...

  3. Adopting SCRUM Agile Project Management for Managing Academic Institutions

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Basahel

    2015-01-01

    Managing academic institutions can be challenging and different than managing other organizations. This is because the staffs are highly qualified and may even be at the same and sometimes even higher academic level than their managers. An autocratic style of leadership may lead to tensions and be problematic for the organization. Therefore, a more democratic approach is required. SCRUM is an agile project management method, mainly used in IT domain. SCRUM teams have no manager and rely on ...

  4. Networking in a Large-Scale Distributed Agile Project

    OpenAIRE

    Moe, Nils Brede; Šmite, Darja; Šāblis, Aivars; Börjesson, Anne-Lie; Andréasson, Pia

    2014-01-01

    Context: In large-scale distributed software projects the expertise may be scattered across multiple locations. Goal: We describe and discuss a large-scale distributed agile project at Ericsson, a multinational telecommunications company headquartered in Sweden. The project is distributed across four development locations (one in Sweden, one in Korea and two in China) and employs 17 teams. In such a large scale environment the challenge is to have as few dependences between teams as possible,...

  5. An agile and cooperative architecture for distributed manufacturing systems

    OpenAIRE

    Leitão, Paulo; Restivo, Francisco

    2001-01-01

    World-wide competition among enterprises leads to the need for new systems to perform the control of distributed manufacturing systems, through the integration of information systems and self-organisation features, in order to adapt quickly to the environment changes. This paper presents an agile and cooperative architecture for distributed manufacturing systems based in the multiagent technology which implements some holonic and bionic concepts and supports a new control approach, including ...

  6. Agile Plus – Comprehensive model for Software Development

    OpenAIRE

    Lata Nautiyal; Shashidhar G. Koolagudi; Umesh Kumar Tiwari; Amit Juyal

    2012-01-01

    In today’s changing environment the main priority of a customer is software that executes 100% requirements of customer. In addition there should be some scope so that existing software must adopt future requirements too, that is, it should be flexible enough that can accommodate future requirements, within budget and timely delivered. Traditional Agile models seem flexible but practically it’s hard to achieve their documented guidelines. Here in this paper I am are proposing a new, flexible,...

  7. Losing the plot: decision behaviours in agile systems development

    OpenAIRE

    Coyle, Sharon; Conboy, Kieran; Acton, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    The importance of effective decision making in organisations has been well documented. Groups are often formed in order to collaborate skills and information and assist with decision-making. Despite the many benefits associated with groupwork, groups are also subjected to process losses such as groupthink, which in turn have a significant impact on group decision-making. Such process losses may be even more prevalent in agile software development dominated by highly cohesive, self...

  8. Agile Development for Service Oriented Business Intelligence Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Marinela MIRCEA; Anca Ioana ANDREESCU

    2011-01-01

    Considering the evolution of information and communications technology, the necessity of alignment of public and private sectors to European Union requirements, the current economic crisis, and the global context, all organizations are trying to achieve major changes that would enable them to operate as intelligent organizations. For this purpose, agility and Business Intelligence are seen by most managers as a way to transform their organizations into intelligent organizations. The study hig...

  9. Empirical Studies of Agile Software Development to Learn Programming Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Yasuyo Kofune; Takahiro Koita

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a programming education support method based on Agile Development that encourages and builds on communication between students. Through mutual discussion, students using our approach transform their ideas into software and cooperate to write a program. The students complete the software through repetition and programming. Before completing the software program, the students learn to solve problems by working together. The students are encouraged to think and share ideas, a...

  10. AGILE Observations of the Gravitational-wave Event GW150914

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tavani, M.; Pittori, C.; Verrecchia, F.; Bulgarelli, A.; Giuliani, A.; Donnarumma, I.; Argan, A.; Trois, A.; Lucarelli, F.; Marisaldi, M.; Del Monte, E.; Evangelista, Y.; Fioretti, V.; Zoli, A.; Piano, G.; Munar-Adrover, P.; Antonelli, L. A.; Barbiellini, G.; Caraveo, P.; Cattaneo, P. W.; Costa, E.; Feroci, M.; Ferrari, A.; Longo, F.; Mereghetti, S.; Minervini, G.; Morselli, A.; Pacciani, L.; Pellizzoni, A.; Picozza, P.; Pilia, M.; Rappoldi, A.; Sabatini, S.; Vercellone, S.; Vittorini, V.; Giommi, P.; Colafrancesco, S.; Cardillo, M.; Galli, M.; Fuschino, F.

    2016-07-01

    We report the results of an extensive search through the AGILE data for a gamma-ray counterpart to the LIGO gravitational-wave (GW) event GW150914. Currently in spinning mode, AGILE has the potential of cover 80% of the sky with its gamma-ray instrument, more than 100 times a day. It turns out that AGILE came within a minute of the event time of observing the accessible GW150914 localization region. Interestingly, the gamma-ray detector exposed ∼65% of this region during the 100 s time intervals centered at ‑100 and +300 s from the event time. We determine a 2σ flux upper limit in the band 50 MeV–10 GeV, UL = 1.9 × 10‑8 erg cm‑2 s‑1, obtained ∼300 s after the event. The timing of this measurement is the fastest ever obtained for GW150914, and significantly constrains the electromagnetic emission of a possible high-energy counterpart. We also carried out a search for a gamma-ray precursor and delayed emission over five timescales ranging from minutes to days: in particular, we obtained an optimal exposure during the interval ‑150/‑30 s. In all these observations, we do not detect a significant signal associated with GW150914. We do not reveal the weak transient source reported by Fermi-GBM 0.4 s after the event time. However, even though a gamma-ray counterpart of the GW150914 event was not detected, the prospects for future AGILE observations of GW sources are decidedly promising.

  11. ROADM architectures and technologies for agile optical networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eldada, Louay A.

    2007-02-01

    We review the different optoelectronic component and module technologies that have been developed for use in ROADM subsystems, and describe their principles of operation, designs, features, advantages, and challenges. We also describe the various needs for reconfigurable optical add/drop switching in agile optical networks. For each network need, we present the different ROADM subsystem architecture options with their pros and cons, and describe the optoelectronic technologies supporting each architecture.

  12. Observing peculiar γ-ray pulsars with AGILE

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilia, M.; Pellizzoni, A.

    2011-08-01

    The AGILE γ-ray satellite provides large sky exposure levels (>=109 cm2 s per year on the Galactic Plane) with sensitivity peaking at E ~100 MeV where the bulk of pulsar energy output is typically released. Its ~1 μs absolute time tagging capability makes it perfectly suited for the study of γ-ray pulsars. AGILE collected a large number of γ-ray photons from EGRET pulsars (>=40,000 pulsed counts for Vela) in two years of observations unveiling new interesting features at sub-millisecond level in the pulsars' high-energy light-curves, γ-ray emission from pulsar glitches and Pulsar Wind Nebulae. AGILE detected about 20 nearby and energetic pulsars with good confidence through timing and/or spatial analysis. Among the newcomers we find pulsars with very high rotational energy losses, such as the remarkable PSR B1509-58 with a magnetic field in excess of 1013 Gauss, and PSR J2229+6114 providing a reliable identification for the previously unidentified EGRET source 3EG2227+6122. Moreover, the powerful millisecond pulsar B1821-24, in the globular cluster M28, is detected during a fraction of the observations.

  13. Clustering-based urbanisation to improve enterprise information systems agility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imache, Rabah; Izza, Said; Ahmed-Nacer, Mohamed

    2015-11-01

    Enterprises are daily facing pressures to demonstrate their ability to adapt quickly to the unpredictable changes of their dynamic in terms of technology, social, legislative, competitiveness and globalisation. Thus, to ensure its place in this hard context, enterprise must always be agile and must ensure its sustainability by a continuous improvement of its information system (IS). Therefore, the agility of enterprise information systems (EISs) can be considered today as a primary objective of any enterprise. One way of achieving this objective is by the urbanisation of the EIS in the context of continuous improvement to make it a real asset servicing enterprise strategy. This paper investigates the benefits of EISs urbanisation based on clustering techniques as a driver for agility production and/or improvement to help managers and IT management departments to improve continuously the performance of the enterprise and make appropriate decisions in the scope of the enterprise objectives and strategy. This approach is applied to the urbanisation of a tour operator EIS.

  14. Provide a Mechanism for Enhancing Architecture in Agile Methods XP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajjad Behzady

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Agile software development is an approach to software that focuses on lightweight processes and adaptability to change. The best-known agile methodology is called Extreme Programming. It suggests twelve practices that include iterative development practices, automated unit testing, and pair programming. One challenge of XP agile method in software development is this method's underestimation over software quality attribution; these attributes are of main indices of software architecture. In this study, a method is represented for responding this challenge on the bases of probability theory. In this method, firstly, the rating matrix is structured on the bases of quality attributions an architecture solutions. Each element of this matrix shows a rating for every solution and the ratings will be initialized through analytic hierarchy process (AHP. Via quality weight implement on above matrix the rating vector is created whose each element represents the rate of each solution in reaching those quality attributes in rating matrix. Because rating vector follows normal probable distribution, its elements' rating probable density is mostly gathered around the mean. In this study, the probable density of architecture will be defined, the appropriateness of a solution in comparison to other solutions will be evaluatedor and the respond to XP challenge will be done easily in order to reach architecture solutions in the frame of rating vector.A complex of data are gathered and the results are compared in an experimental method in order to investigate the represented method of this paper.

  15. Integrating a distributed, agile, virtual enterprise in the TEAM program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, C. K.; Gray, W. Harvey; Hewgley, Robert E.; Klages, Edward J.; Neal, Richard E.

    1997-01-01

    The technologies enabling agile manufacturing (TEAM) program enhances industrial capability by advancing and deploying manufacturing technologies that promote agility. TEAM has developed a product realization process that features the integration of product design and manufacturing groups. TEAM uses the tools it collects, develops, and integrates in support of the product realization process to demonstrate and deploy agile manufacturing capabilities for three high- priority processes identified by industry: material removal, forming, and electromechanical assembly. In order to provide a proof-of-principle, the material removal process has been addressed first and has been successfully demonstrate din an 'interconnected' mode. An internet-accessible intersite file manager (IFM) application has been deployed to allow geographically distributed TEAM participants to share and distribute information as the product realization process is executed. An automated inspection planning application has been demonstrated, importing a solid model form the IFM, generating an inspection plan and a part program to be used in the inspection process, and then distributing the part program to the inspection site via the IFM. TEAM seeks to demonstrate the material removal process in an integrated mode in June 1997 complete with an object-oriented framework and infrastructure. The current status and future plans for this project are presented here.

  16. Agile Data Curation at a State Geological Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hills, D. J.

    2015-12-01

    State agencies, including geological surveys, are often the gatekeepers for myriad data products essential for scientific research and economic development. For example, the Geological Survey of Alabama (GSA) is mandated to explore for, characterize, and report Alabama's mineral, energy, water, and biological resources in support of economic development, conservation, management, and public policy for the betterment of Alabama's citizens, communities, and businesses. As part of that mandate, the GSA has increasingly been called upon to make our data more accessible to stakeholders. Even as demand for greater data accessibility grows, budgets for such efforts are often small, meaning that agencies must do more for less. Agile software development has yielded efficient, effective products, most often at lower cost and in shorter time. Taking guidance from the agile software development model, the GSA is working towards more agile data management and curation. To date, the GSA's work has been focused primarily on data rescue. By using workflows that maximize clear communication while encouraging simplicity (e.g., maximizing the amount of work not done or that can be automated), the GSA is bringing decades of dark data into the light. Regular checks by the data rescuer with the data provider (or their proxy) provides quality control without adding an overt burden on either party. Moving forward, these workflows will also allow for more efficient and effective data management.

  17. The Reliability of a Functional Agility Test for Water Polo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tucher Guilherme

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Few functional agility tests for water polo take into consideration its specific characteristics. The preliminary objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of an agility test for water polo players. Fifteen players (16.3 ± 1.8 years old with a minimum of two years of competitive experience were evaluated. A Functional Test for Agility Performance (FTAP was designed to represent the context of this sport. Several trials were performed to familiarize the athlete with the movement. Two experienced coaches measured three repetitions of the FTAP. Descriptive statistics, repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA, 95% limit of agreement (LOA, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC and standard error of measurements (SEM were used for data analysis. It was considered that certain criteria of reliability measures were met. There was no significant difference between the repetitions, which may be explained by an effect of the evaluator, the ability of the players or fatigue (p > 0.05. The ICC average from evaluators was high (0.88. The SEM varied between 0.13 s and 0.49 s. The CV average considering each individual was near 6-7%. These values depended on the condition of measurement. As the FTAP contains some characteristics that create a degree of unpredictability, the same athlete may reach different performance results, increasing variability. An adjustment in the sample, familiarization and careful selection of subjects help to improve this situation and enhance the reliability of the indicators.

  18. THE EFFECTS OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC STRETCHING ON AGILITY PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bergun MERİÇ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effects of static and dynamic stretching protocols on agility performance in warm-up sessions. Twenty-three football players (mean ± SD age = 15,04± 0,77 years; weight = 62,35± 6,48kg; height = 1,73± 0,06cm participated to this study from Kocaeli Amateur Football League. Three different warm-up protocols were applied to the players every 48 hours. The first protocol was a general warm-up consisting of 5 minutes jogging with no stretching (GWU+NS, the second protocol was GWU with dynamic stretching (GWU+DS and the third protocol was GWU with static stretching (GWU+SS respectively. In the GWU+DS and GWU+SS protocols, 10 different movements were worked out with 12-15 repetitions in 30 seconds for each muscle group. Following each protocols, the players applied an agility performance test. SPSS (17.0 program used to compare the data obtained from 3 protocols and between two of them. In result, there were no statistically differences between NS and SS protocols (p>0.05. However, statistically difference was seen between DS and SS protocols and between DS and NS protocols (p<0.05. The warm up protocols consist of dynamic stretching exercises before agility activities should be preferred to have better performance.

  19. Agile Company Development - Looking for a new concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jesper Rank; Mikkelsen, Hans; Riis, Jens Ove

    2004-01-01

    This paper will explore the concepts of Lean and Agile Thinking to see, if they may enrich the management of internal company development activities. At any point in time, companies have a crowd of development activities spread around the organization and managed at different levels in the manage......This paper will explore the concepts of Lean and Agile Thinking to see, if they may enrich the management of internal company development activities. At any point in time, companies have a crowd of development activities spread around the organization and managed at different levels...... in the managerial hierarchy. They compete for resources and managerial attention and they often take too long time – and some do not survive in the rapid changing context. Top managers ask for speed, flexibility and effectiveness. Can the ideas and principles from Agile and Lean Thinking concepts developed...... for manufacturing management, be transformed to the management of internal company development? The paper will discuss this question. Practices observed from empirical studies will demonstrate application of the concepts and will form the basis for developing an appropriate, company-specific blend of methods...

  20. AGILE Observations of the Gravitational Wave Event GW150914

    CERN Document Server

    Tavani, M; Verrecchia, F; Bulgarelli, A; Giuliani, A; Donnarumma, I; Argan, A; Trois, A; Lucarelli, F; Marisaldi, M; Del Monte, E; Evangelista, Y; Fioretti, V; Zoli, A; Piano, G; Munar-Adrover, P; Antonelli, L A; Barbiellini, G; Caraveo, P; Cattaneo, P W; Costa, E; Feroci, M; Ferrari, A; Longo, F; Mereghetti, S; Minervini, G; Morselli, A; Pacciani, L; Pellizzoni, A; Picozza, P; Pilia, M; Rappoldi, A; Sabatini, S; Vercellone, S; Vittorini, V; Giommi, P; Colafrancesco, S; Cardillo, M

    2016-01-01

    We report the results of an extensive search in the AGILE data for a gamma-ray counterpart of the LIGO gravitational wave event GW150914. Currently in spinning mode, AGILE has the potential of covering with its gamma-ray instrument 80 % of the sky more than 100 times a day. It turns out that AGILE came within a minute from the event time of observing the accessible GW150914 localization region. Interestingly, the gamma-ray detector exposed about 65 % of this region during the 100 s time intervals centered at -100 s and +300 s from the event time. We determine a 2-sigma flux upper limit in the band 50 MeV - 10 GeV, $UL = 1.9 \\times 10^{-8} \\rm \\, erg \\, cm^{-2} \\, s^{-1}$ obtained about 300 s after the event. The timing of this measurement is the fastest ever obtained for GW150914, and significantly constrains the electromagnetic emission of a possible high-energy counterpart. We also carried out a search for a gamma-ray precursor and delayed emission over timescales ranging from minutes to days: in particular...

  1. 敏捷夹具计算机辅助构形设计%Theory of Agile Fixture Computer Aided Config uration Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李伟; 李培根; 蔡力钢; 顾立新; 胡波

    2000-01-01

    介绍了敏捷夹具的提出与发展现状,提出了一种敏捷夹具计算机辅助构形设计系统的结构模块划分方法。详尽阐述在敏捷夹具计算机辅助构形设计系统的研究过程中,如何采用面向对象思想的知识表达方法和推理方法来实现系统的敏捷性,文章最后对采用所给方法实现的系统进行了敏捷性论证。%The conception and development of agile fixture are introduced in this paper. And structure modules are decomposed in the Computer Aid-ed Agile Fixture Configuration Design system. By the use of Oriented-Object knowledge expression and reasoning method, how to realize the agility of the system is pointed out in the process of research. At last, the agility of the system based on above method is demonstrated.

  2. Lifecycle Agile Supply Chain Modeling for Customized and ComplicatedProducts Based on CPC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景旭文; 赵良才; 张庆奎

    2004-01-01

    Customized and complicated products are usually high-priced with a long lifecycle. They provide customers with some maintenance capacity. While a great deal of research on product lifecycle design has been carried out, studies on the lifecycle agile supply chain (LASC) are less covered. The LASC functions, management goals, mathematical expressions and overall descriptions of the information model are discussed in this paper. The product lifecycle configuration is a core of the LASC information flow. The structure,function, manufacturing and maintenance configuration views are generated by coordinated lifecycle design. Purchase view 1 in the manufacturing phase is formed by combining the manufacturing configuration with B2B supply model, while purchase view 2 in the maintenance phase is formed by combining maintenance configuration with B2C supply model, serving the production and repair planning respectively. A prototype system has included some basic functions of this model.

  3. The Adapted V-Model: A Practical Approach to Agile Testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasser Ghanim

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Agile methods largely remove the distinction between phases and roles with no predefined order of activities. Some agile approaches such as Test-Driven Development (TDD switch the traditional order of coding and testing and largely remove the boundary between the two implying that testing is becoming more a technical responsibility of the developers! Testers are complaining of loss of identity and scope within agile teams. In parallel some modern non-agile testing approaches such as Risk-based testing also open the boundaries between testing and analysis and suggest more involvement of testers in business and system analysis and sometimes system architecture. This article devises an adapted version of the V-Model for Scrum and suggests a practical approach that aligns the modern testing approaches with agile methodolgies. Scrum will be taken as a representative for Agile. The proposed approach is developed based on the Testing Process Improvement Guide (TPIG developed by the Software Engineering Competence Center.

  4. Understanding the Tenets of Agile Software Engineering: Lecturing, Exploration and Critical Thinking

    CERN Document Server

    Soundararajan, Shvetha; Chigani, Amine

    2010-01-01

    The use of agile principles and practices in software development is becoming a powerful force in today's workplace. In our quest to develop better products, therefore, it is imperative that we strive to learn and understand the application of Agile methods, principles and techniques to the software development enterprise. Unfortunately, in many educational institutions courses and projects that emphasize Agile Software Development are minimal. At best, students have only limited exposure to the agile philosophy, principles and practices at the graduate and undergraduate levels of education. In an effort to address this concern, we offered a graduate-level course entitled "Agile Software Engineering" in the Department of Computer Science at Virginia Tech in Fall 2009. The primary objectives of the class were to introduce the values, principles and practices underlying the agile philosophy, and to do so in an atmosphere that encourages debate and critical thinking. The course was designed around three central ...

  5. Towards a Framework for Using Agile Approaches in Global Software Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hossain, Emam; Ali Babar, Muhammad; Verner, June

    As agile methods and Global Software Development (GSD) are become increasingly popular, GSD project managers have been exploring the viability of using agile approaches in their development environments. Despite the expected benefits of using an agile approach with a GSD project, the overall combining mechanisms of the two approaches are not clearly understood. To address this challenge, we propose a conceptual framework, based on the research literature. This framework is expected to aid a project manager in deciding what agile strategies are effective for a particular GSD project, taking into account project context. We use an industry-based case study to explore the components of our conceptual framework. Our case study is planned and conducted according to specific published case study guidelines. We identify the agile practices and agile supporting practices used by a GSD project manager in our case study and conclude with future research directions.

  6. Final Report of the NASA Office of Safety and Mission Assurance Agile Benchmarking Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetherholt, Martha

    2016-01-01

    To ensure that the NASA Safety and Mission Assurance (SMA) community remains in a position to perform reliable Software Assurance (SA) on NASAs critical software (SW) systems with the software industry rapidly transitioning from waterfall to Agile processes, Terry Wilcutt, Chief, Safety and Mission Assurance, Office of Safety and Mission Assurance (OSMA) established the Agile Benchmarking Team (ABT). The Team's tasks were: 1. Research background literature on current Agile processes, 2. Perform benchmark activities with other organizations that are involved in software Agile processes to determine best practices, 3. Collect information on Agile-developed systems to enable improvements to the current NASA standards and processes to enhance their ability to perform reliable software assurance on NASA Agile-developed systems, 4. Suggest additional guidance and recommendations for updates to those standards and processes, as needed. The ABT's findings and recommendations for software management, engineering and software assurance are addressed herein.

  7. The mapping of an agile strategy in a new business world from atoms and recipes to bytes and mental agility

    OpenAIRE

    Stucki, Haris; Blili, Sam

    2015-01-01

    In a hostile post-industrial business environment characterized by globalisation and the immaterial age, we first establish an Initial Strategy Map which is based on the state of knowledge and focuses on the agility requirement. After this, based on the data collection of the empirical research, we adopt, synthesise and specify this initial framework as the Proposed Dynamic Strategy Map. Finally, as a result of an in-dept analysis of six business cases, the Proposed Dynamic Strategy Map is va...

  8. APPLYING SERVICE DESIGN AS AN APPROACH FOR FINDING WAY TOWARDS AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT ADOPTION

    OpenAIRE

    Utge, Sofiya

    2015-01-01

    In today’s rapidly changing and competitive environment it has become necessary for companies to become more agile and respond to demands efficiently and effectively. By being agile or-ganizations would be able to adapt to changes quickly, transform easily and lead into the competitive market. Hence more and more companies nowadays are trying to move from traditional software development methods to more innovative and agile software development methods. This thesis focuses on one of the multi...

  9. Understanding the Tenets of Agile Software Engineering: Lecturing, Exploration and Critical Thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Soundararajan, Shvetha; Arthur, James D.; Chigani, Amine

    2010-01-01

    The use of agile principles and practices in software development is becoming a powerful force in today's workplace. In our quest to develop better products, therefore, it is imperative that we strive to learn and understand the application of Agile methods, principles and techniques to the software development enterprise. Unfortunately, in many educational institutions courses and projects that emphasize Agile Software Development are minimal. At best, students have only limited exposure to ...

  10. Reusable Component Technology in the Development of Agile Supply Chain Management System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Agile Supply Chain Management (ASCM) is one of the ke y techniques, which support dynamic enterprise alliance and realize agile manufa cturing. But the optimal run of ASCS depends on a good-constructed Agile Supply Chain Management System (ASCMS), so that the materials flow, information flow a nd funding flow in the supply chain are used with high efficiency. The requireme nts of ASCMS are constantly changeable, which requires that ASCMS has dynamical reuse, integration and open interface. Reusable compo...

  11. Agile metodologies use for software development in Slovenian start-ups

    OpenAIRE

    Kašnik, Matic

    2014-01-01

    The thesis presents and describes the use of agile methodologies which are being used by Slovenian tech start-up companies. It describes the basic features, advantages and disadvantages of various agile methodologies such as Scrum, extreme programming, lean start-up and method Kanban. We made a review of the most used agile methodologies in Slovenian technology start-up companies. In particular, we focus on variety of tools, technics and approaches used by the development teams and where do t...

  12. Agile methods in biomedical software development: a multi-site experience report

    OpenAIRE

    Kuhlmman Karl F; McCormick Michael W; Cerami Ethan G; Hohman Moses M; Kane David W; Byrd Jeff A

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Agile is an iterative approach to software development that relies on strong collaboration and automation to keep pace with dynamic environments. We have successfully used agile development approaches to create and maintain biomedical software, including software for bioinformatics. This paper reports on a qualitative study of our experiences using these methods. Results We have found that agile methods are well suited to the exploratory and iterative nature of scientific ...

  13. Introducing agile methods in a large software development organisation: a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Giblin, Mary

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed The adoption of agile methods of software development has gained momentum within the software industry. NW Soft Solutions Ltd. (a pseudonym) is a large software development unit that develops large-scale network centric software solutions. NW Soft Solutions Ltd decided to adopt an agile development methodology. Martin Fowler in his article ???The New Methodology???, states that in his opinion ???Since agile methods are so fundamentally people-oriented, it's ess...

  14. Comparing apples with oranges? The perceived differences between agile and lean software development processes.

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaofeng; Conboy, Kieran

    2011-01-01

    peer-reviewed The evolution processes of agile and lean software development are intertwined. Recently a shift from agile methods to lean software development has been noticed and advocated. To truly comprehend this phenomenon theoretically and practically, we take a step back and investigate the key differences between agile and lean software processes, the understanding of which is still limited. A content analysis of a popular mailing list of the lean community, called ka...

  15. OBSTACLES IN MOVING TO AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT METHODS; AT A GLANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Taghi Javdani Gandomani; Hazura Zulzalil; Abdul Azim Abdul Ghani; Abu Bakar Md Sultan; Mina Ziaei Nafchi

    2013-01-01

    It is only less than a decade that agile SD methods were introduced and got popular steadily. The defined values in these methods and their outcomes have motivated many software producers to use these methods. Since migration from traditional software development methods to agile methods is growing highly, managers of the companies should be aware of problems, hindrances and challenges they may face with during the agile transformation process. This study focused on challenges which companies...

  16. Identifying Solutions for  Customer – Supplier Communication Problems in  Agile Software Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Truszczynski, Mateusz

    2016-01-01

    Context. There are several methods of developing software in a systematic, engineering way. One of them are traditional methods such as waterfall. Nowadays, more common are becoming agile methodologies. Agile aims at addressing and improving a communication in software projects. However, customer - supplier communication in software projects still causes many difficulties. Objectives. In this study I wanted to identify basic customer – supplier communication problems that agile practitioners ...

  17. Decision-Making In Agile Software Development Teams: Solving the Optimal Timing Problem

    OpenAIRE

    O Riordan, Niamh; Acton, Thomas; Conboy, Kieran; Golden, Willie

    2012-01-01

    Agile methods are a recent but widely diffused innovation in Information Systems development (ISD). Agile methods call for the creation of organic, flexible and empowered teams who work in active and close collaboration with customers over a series of rapid development iterations. Agile methods can deliver productivity and quality gains by improving task prioritisation, design flexibility, and communication and coordination within and across teams. However, teams must overcome a range of obst...

  18. An approach for using CMMI in agile software development assessments: experiences from three case studies

    OpenAIRE

    Pikkarainen, Minna; Mantyniemi, Annukka

    2006-01-01

    peer-reviewed Software development organizations are increasingly interested in the possibility of adopting agile development methods. Organizations that have been employing the Capability Maturity Model (CMM/CMMI) for making improvements are now changing their software development processes towards agility. By deploying agile methods, these organizations are making an investment the success of which needs to be proven. However, CMMI does not always support interpre...

  19. Fuzzy Logic Approach for Threat Prioritization in Agile Security Framework using DREAD Model

    OpenAIRE

    Sonia,, Lavecchia; Archana Singhal; Hema Banati

    2011-01-01

    For a qualitative system sound security practices must be a crucial part throughout the entire software lifecycle. Furthermore, agile software development has paved the way for overcoming the problems faced by developers during traditional development process. In the given paper we are using an Agile Security Framework that is compatible with practices of agile processes and inherit in it the benefits of security engineering activities in the form of risk assessment and threat prioritization....

  20. The influence of physical and cognitive factors on reactive agility performance in men basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Aaron; Humphries, Brendan; Tucker, Patrick S; Dalbo, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    This study explored the influence of physical and cognitive measures on reactive agility performance in basketball players. Twelve men basketball players performed multiple sprint, Change of Direction Speed Test, and Reactive Agility Test trials. Pearson's correlation analyses were used to determine relationships between the predictor variables (stature, mass, body composition, 5-m, 10-m and 20-m sprint times, peak speed, closed-skill agility time, response time and decision-making time) and reactive agility time (response variable). Simple and stepwise regression analyses determined the individual influence of each predictor variable and the best predictor model for reactive agility time. Morphological (r = -0.45 to 0.19), sprint (r = -0.40 to 0.41) and change-of-direction speed measures (r = 0.43) had small to moderate correlations with reactive agility time. Response time (r = 0.76, P = 0.004) and decision-making time (r = 0.58, P = 0.049) had large to very large relationships with reactive agility time. Response time was identified as the sole predictor variable for reactive agility time in the stepwise model (R(2) = 0.58, P = 0.004). In conclusion, cognitive measures had the greatest influence on reactive agility performance in men basketball players. These findings suggest reaction and decision-making drills should be incorporated in basketball training programmes.

  1. Relationship Between Reactive Agility and Change of Direction Speed in Amateur Soccer Players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matlák, János; Tihanyi, József; Rácz, Levente

    2016-06-01

    Matlák, J, Tihanyi, J, and Rácz, L. Relationship between reactive agility and change of direction speed in amateur soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 30(6): 1547-1552, 2016-The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between reactive agility and change of direction speed (CODS) among amateur soccer players using running tests with four directional changes. Sixteen amateur soccer players (24.1 ± 3.3 years; 72.4 ± 7.3 kg; 178.7 ± 6 cm) completed CODS and reactive agility tests with four changes of direction using the SpeedCourt™ system (Globalspeed GmbH, Hemsbach, Germany). Countermovement jump (CMJ) height and maximal foot tapping count (completed in 3 seconds) were also measured with the same device. In the reactive agility test, participants had to react to a series of light stimuli projected onto a screen. Total time was shorter in the CODS test than in the reactive agility test (p < 0.001). Nonsignificant correlations were found among variables measured in the CODS, reactive agility, and CMJ tests. Low common variance (r = 0.03-0.18) was found between CODS and reactive agility test variables. The results of this study underscore the importance of cognitive factors in reactive agility performance and suggest that specific methods may be required for training and testing reactive agility and CODS. PMID:26562713

  2. Application of factor analysis for agile supply chain classification: A case study on the Iranian automotive parts supplier (SAPKO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davood Rafeie rad

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Today automotive companies must pioneer in strategies such as the agile supply chain for competition and various demands of customers. Considering the importance of agile in choosing a supplier at the supply chain, this study tries to identify and evaluate agile activities in SAPCO Company suppliers. Then, using principal component analysis of factor analysis, a number of related activities are divided into smaller groups called factor. The results are used by SAPCO to determine agile patterns in selecting a supplier with emphasis on similarities and differences and create agile portfolio. The study can help SAPCO identify criteria and making decision in the field of agile at suppliers.

  3. Testing method for frequency modulation based on Agilent VEE%基于Agilent VEE的频率调制测试方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐智; 李景文; 周荫清; 王宝发

    2006-01-01

    基于虚拟仪器图形化编程语言Agilent VEE,设计了电子产品频率调制参数测试方法.利用Agilent VEE内部的Panel Driver和Component Driver,可以方便地与GPIB接口仪器进行操作与控制.本文测试方法智能性强,充分利用了Agilent VEE的接口文件,修改方便.该测试方法已经成功应用于某型号测试流水线中.

  4. Unsteady aerodynamic models for agile flight at low Reynolds numbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunton, Steven L.

    This work develops low-order models for the unsteady aerodynamic forces on a wing in response to agile maneuvers at low Reynolds number. Model performance is assessed on the basis of accuracy across a range of parameters and frequencies as well as of computational efficiency and compatibility with existing control techniques and flight dynamic models. The result is a flexible modeling procedure that yields accurate, low-dimensional, state-space models. The modeling procedures are developed and tested on direct numerical simulations of a two-dimensional flat plate airfoil in motion at low Reynolds number, Re=100, and in a wind tunnel experiment at the Illinois Institute of Technology involving a NACA 0006 airfoil pitching and plunging at Reynolds number Re=65,000. In both instances, low-order models are obtained that accurately capture the unsteady aerodynamic forces at all frequencies. These cases demonstrate the utility of the modeling procedure developed in this thesis for obtaining accurate models for different geometries and Reynolds numbers. Linear reduced-order models are constructed from either the indicial response (step response) or realistic input/output maneuvers using a flexible modeling procedure. The method is based on identifying stability derivatives and modeling the remaining dynamics with the eigensystem realization algorithm. A hierarchy of models is developed, based on linearizing the flow at various operating conditions. These models are shown to be accurate and efficient for plunging, pitching about various points, and combined pitch and plunge maneuvers, at various angle of attack and Reynolds number. Models are compared against the classical unsteady aerodynamic models of Wagner and Theodorsen over a large range of Strouhal number and reduced frequency for a baseline comparison. Additionally, state-space representations are developed for Wagner's and Theodorsen's models, making them compatible with modern control-system analysis. A number of

  5. Wired Widgets: Agile Visualization for Space Situational Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerschefske, K.; Witmer, J.

    2012-09-01

    Continued advancement in sensors and analysis techniques have resulted in a wealth of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) data, made available via tools and Service Oriented Architectures (SOA) such as those in the Joint Space Operations Center Mission Systems (JMS) environment. Current visualization software cannot quickly adapt to rapidly changing missions and data, preventing operators and analysts from performing their jobs effectively. The value of this wealth of SSA data is not fully realized, as the operators' existing software is not built with the flexibility to consume new or changing sources of data or to rapidly customize their visualization as the mission evolves. While tools like the JMS user-defined operational picture (UDOP) have begun to fill this gap, this paper presents a further evolution, leveraging Web 2.0 technologies for maximum agility. We demonstrate a flexible Web widget framework with inter-widget data sharing, publish-subscribe eventing, and an API providing the basis for consumption of new data sources and adaptable visualization. Wired Widgets offers cross-portal widgets along with a widget communication framework and development toolkit for rapid new widget development, giving operators the ability to answer relevant questions as the mission evolves. Wired Widgets has been applied in a number of dynamic mission domains including disaster response, combat operations, and noncombatant evacuation scenarios. The variety of applications demonstrate that Wired Widgets provides a flexible, data driven solution for visualization in changing environments. In this paper, we show how, deployed in the Ozone Widget Framework portal environment, Wired Widgets can provide an agile, web-based visualization to support the SSA mission. Furthermore, we discuss how the tenets of agile visualization can generally be applied to the SSA problem space to provide operators flexibility, potentially informing future acquisition and system development.

  6. Architecture and performances of the AGILE Telemetry Preprocessing System (TMPPS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifoglio, M.; Bulgarelli, A.; Gianotti, F.; Lazzarotto, F.; Di Cocco, G.; Fuschino, F.; Tavani, M.

    2008-07-01

    AGILE is an Italian Space Agency (ASI) satellite dedicated to high energy Astrophysics. It was launched successfully on 23 April 2007, and it has been operated by the AGILE Ground Segment, consisting of the Ground Station located in Malindi (Kenia), the Mission Operations Centre (MOC) and the AGILE Data Centre (ADC) established in Italy, at Telespazio in Fucino and at the ASI Science Data Centre (ASDC) in Frascati respectively. Due to the low equatorial orbit at ~ 530 Km. with inclination angle of ~ 2.5°, the satellite passes over the Ground Station every ~ 100'. During the visibility period of . ~ 12', the Telemetry (TM) is down linked through two separated virtual channels, VC0 and VC1. The former is devoted to the real time TM generated during the pass at the average rate of 50 Kbit/s and is directly relayed to the Control Centre. The latter is used to downlink TM data collected on the satellite on-board mass memory during the non visibility period. This generates at the Ground Station a raw TM file of up to 37 MByte. Within 20' after the end of the contact, both the real time and mass memory TM arrive at ADC through the dedicated VPN ASINet. Here they are automatically detected and ingested by the TMPPS pipeline in less than 5 minutes. The TMPPS archives each TM file and sorts its packets into one stream for each of the different TM layout. Each stream is processed in parallel in order to unpack the various telemetry field and archive them into suitable FITS files. Each operation is tracked into a MySQL data base which interfaces the TMPPS pipeline to the rest of the scientific pipeline running at ADC. In this paper the architecture and the performance of the TMPPS will be described and discussed.

  7. Perspectives on Industrial Innovation from Agilent, HP, and Bell Labs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollenhorst, James

    2014-03-01

    Innovation is the life blood of technology companies. I will give perspectives gleaned from a career in research and development at Bell Labs, HP Labs, and Agilent Labs, from the point of view of an individual contributor and a manager. Physicists bring a unique set of skills to the corporate environment, including a desire to understand the fundamentals, a solid foundation in physical principles, expertise in applied mathematics, and most importantly, an attitude: namely, that hard problems can be solved by breaking them into manageable pieces. In my experience, hiring managers in industry seldom explicitly search for physicists, but they want people with those skills.

  8. Adopting SCRUM Agile Project Management for Managing Academic Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Basahel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Managing academic institutions can be challenging and different than managing other organizations. This is because the staffs are highly qualified and may even be at the same and sometimes even higher academic level than their managers. An autocratic style of leadership may lead to tensions and be problematic for the organization. Therefore, a more democratic approach is required. SCRUM is an agile project management method, mainly used in IT domain. SCRUM teams have no manager and rely on the team to control its members. This paper will attempt to illustrate, how the SCRUM methodology can be used to manage an academic institution.

  9. Agile Scheduling for MES in a Complex Information Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIShu-xia; RAOYun-qing; ZHANGChao-yong

    2005-01-01

    Since Manufacturing Execution System (MES) is a bridge which links the upper planning system of the enterprise and the control system of the shop floor, various kinds of the information with different characteristics flow through the system. The information environment of MES and its effect on MES scheduling are analyzed. A methodological proposal is given to address the problem of agile scheduling in a complex information environment, based on which a microeconomic market and game theoretic model-based scheduling approach is presented. The future development of this method is also discussed.

  10. Cloud Computing a jeho vliv na business agility

    OpenAIRE

    Podlipský, Šimon

    2015-01-01

    The thesis focuses on the implementation of Cloud Computing automatization into the firm, on its development and influence on the Business Agility. The thesis shows the application process on LidskáSíla s.r.o., the company with a goal of dominating the market of services in the Czech Republic and possibly abroad as well. The company tries to achieve this aim using Cloud Computing and also using methods of Operations Research, primarily used for processes optimization and decision making. The ...

  11. An agile enterprise regulation architecture for health information security management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ying-Pei; Hsieh, Sung-Huai; Cheng, Po-Hsun; Chien, Tsan-Nan; Chen, Heng-Shuen; Luh, Jer-Junn; Lai, Jin-Shin; Lai, Feipei; Chen, Sao-Jie

    2010-09-01

    Information security management for healthcare enterprises is complex as well as mission critical. Information technology requests from clinical users are of such urgency that the information office should do its best to achieve as many user requests as possible at a high service level using swift security policies. This research proposes the Agile Enterprise Regulation Architecture (AERA) of information security management for healthcare enterprises to implement as part of the electronic health record process. Survey outcomes and evidential experiences from a sample of medical center users proved that AERA encourages the information officials and enterprise administrators to overcome the challenges faced within an electronically equipped hospital.

  12. Empirical Studies of Agile Software Development to Learn Programming Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuyo Kofune

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a programming education support method based on Agile Development that encourages and builds on communication between students. Through mutual discussion, students using our approach transform their ideas into software and cooperate to write a program. The students complete the software through repetition and programming. Before completing the software program, the students learn to solve problems by working together. The students are encouraged to think and share ideas, and gain experience writing software. With this approach, students not only learn how to write programs, but also increase their logical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills.

  13. Flexible ERP: Enterprise Information System Under the Agile Manufacture Mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SU Xuanliang; CHENG Guoping; WANG Mingquan

    2006-01-01

    Flexibility is the demand of management revolution, and also the milestone of management development. The flexible ERP system is the information system to orientate variety and handle uncertainties. The market with rapid change and agile manufacture need a flexible ERP system.The article elaborates the meanings and characteristics about flexibility, the flexibility of ERP and the flexible ERP system; it discussed the necessity, the possibility and the related condition of setting up the flexible ERP system; and puts forward the strategy and the approaches of setting up the flexible ERP system.

  14. Impact of emerging technologies on future combat aircraft agility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Luat T.; Gilert, William P.

    1990-01-01

    The foreseeable character of future within-visual-range air combat entails a degree of agility which calls for the integration of high-alpha aerodynamics, thrust vectoring, intimate pilot/vehicle interfaces, and advanced weapons/avionics suites, in prospective configurations. The primary technology-development programs currently contributing to these goals are presently discussed; they encompass the F-15 Short Takeoff and Landing/Maneuver Technology Demonstrator Program, the Enhanced Fighter Maneuverability Program, the High Angle-of-Attack Technology Program, and the X-29 Technology Demonstrator Program.

  15. Conceptual Framework and Curriculum for Networked Agile Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周杰韩; 熊光楞; 张和明; 曾庆良

    2003-01-01

    Networked agile manufacturing (NAM) is a new manufacturing paradigm for the 21st century.Manufacturing businesses based on NAM are characterized by virtual organization, innovation, global sourcingof materials and production centered on the workforce. Therefore, NAM requires a knowledgeable, motivatedworkforce. This paper reviews the literature related to developing an NAM curriculum to: (1) review theprogress for organizing manufacturing information, (2) study the fundamental technologies impacting NAM,including product data management (PDM), enterprise resource planning (ERP), and component/suppliermanagement (CSM), (3) present a definition of NAM and its conceptual framework, and (4) generalize thebasic NAM curriculum. The NAM curriculum can be used for developing a manufacturing course.

  16. Development of EarthCube Governance: An Agile Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearthree, G.; Allison, M. L.; Patten, K.

    2013-12-01

    Governance of geosciences cyberinfrastructure is a complex and essential undertaking, critical in enabling distributed knowledge communities to collaborate and communicate across disciplines, distances, and cultures. Advancing science with respect to 'grand challenges," such as global climate change, weather prediction, and core fundamental science, depends not just on technical cyber systems, but also on social systems for strategic planning, decision-making, project management, learning, teaching, and building a community of practice. Simply put, a robust, agile technical system depends on an equally robust and agile social system. Cyberinfrastructure development is wrapped in social, organizational and governance challenges, which may significantly impede progress. An agile development process is underway for governance of transformative investments in geosciences cyberinfrastructure through the NSF EarthCube initiative. Agile development is iterative and incremental, and promotes adaptive planning and rapid and flexible response. Such iterative deployment across a variety of EarthCube stakeholders encourages transparency, consensus, accountability, and inclusiveness. A project Secretariat acts as the coordinating body, carrying out duties for planning, organizing, communicating, and reporting. A broad coalition of stakeholder groups comprises an Assembly (Mainstream Scientists, Cyberinfrastructure Institutions, Information Technology/Computer Sciences, NSF EarthCube Investigators, Science Communities, EarthCube End-User Workshop Organizers, Professional Societies) to serve as a preliminary venue for identifying, evaluating, and testing potential governance models. To offer opportunity for broader end-user input, a crowd-source approach will engage stakeholders not involved otherwise. An Advisory Committee from the Earth, ocean, atmosphere, social, computer and library sciences is guiding the process from a high-level policy point of view. Developmental

  17. Planning and scheduling for agile manufacturers: The Pantex Process Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kjeldgaard, E.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Transportation Systems Analysis Dept.; Jones, D.A. [Parallax, Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); List, G.F. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst., Troy, NY (United States); Tumquist, M.A. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

    1998-02-01

    Effective use of resources that are shared among multiple products or processes is critical for agile manufacturing. This paper describes the development and implementation of a computerized model to support production planning in a complex manufacturing system at the Pantex Plant, a US Department of Energy facility. The model integrates two different production processes (nuclear weapon disposal and stockpile evaluation) that use common facilities and personnel at the plant. The two production processes are characteristic of flow-shop and job shop operations. The model reflects the interactions of scheduling constraints, material flow constraints, and the availability of required technicians and facilities. Operational results show significant productivity increases from use of the model.

  18. A Heuristic for Resource Reconfiguration of Agile Manufacturing Supply Chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The agile manufacturing is a new conception for rap id reaction to the consumers. One of its implements is establishing a virtual ente rprise (VE) around the task, where each manufacturing unit, or sub-task, probab ly have at least one resource, or referred to as suppliers. Because each manufac turing unit might be carried out in different geographical places that implies t his probably gives rise to transportation cost, the selection of resources for e ach manufacturing unit must considers not only the ma...

  19. Pixel detector readout chip

    CERN Multimedia

    1991-01-01

    Close-up of a pixel detector readout chip. The photograph shows an aera of 1 mm x 2 mm containing 12 separate readout channels. The entire chip contains 1000 readout channels (around 80 000 transistors) covering a sensitive area of 8 mm x 5 mm. The chip has been mounted on a silicon detector to detect high energy particles.

  20. Experiment list: SRX316310 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available cell type=mouse embryonic stem cells || genotype/variation=expressing Prdm4-EGFP || chip antibody=GFP (clone 3E6) Mouse IgG2a, Monoc...lonal Antibody || chip antibody vendor=Invitrogen http:/

  1. Guidelines to Minimize the Cost of Software Quality in Agile Scrum Process

    OpenAIRE

    Deepa Vijay; Gopinath Ganapathy

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of Agile Scrum process followed in Retail Domain project. This paper also reveals the impacts of Cost of Software Quality, when agile scrum process is not followed efficiently. While analyzing the case study, the gaps were found and guidelines for process improvements were also suggested in this paper.

  2. Guidelines to minimize cost of software quality in agile scrum process

    OpenAIRE

    Vijay, Deepa; Ganapathy, Gopinath

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a case study of Agile Scrum process followed in Retail Domain project. This paper also reveals the impacts of Cost of Software Quality, when agile scrum process is not followed efficiently. While analyzing the case study, the gaps were found and guidelines for process improvements were also suggested in this paper.

  3. Guidelines to Minimize the Cost of Software Quality in Agile Scrum Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa Vijay

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a case study of Agile Scrum process followed in Retail Domain project. This paper also reveals the impacts of Cost of Software Quality, when agile scrum process is not followed efficiently. While analyzing the case study, the gaps were found and guidelines for process improvements were also suggested in this paper.

  4. The Impacts of Agile Development Methodology Use on Project Success: A Contingency View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripp, John F.

    2012-01-01

    Agile Information Systems Development Methods have emerged in the past decade as an alternative manner of managing the work and delivery of information systems development teams, with a large number of organizations reporting the adoption & use of agile methods. The practitioners of these methods make broad claims as to the benefits of their…

  5. The NERV Methodology: Non-Functional Requirements Elicitation, Reasoning and Validation in Agile Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domah, Darshan

    2013-01-01

    Agile software development has become very popular around the world in recent years, with methods such as Scrum and Extreme Programming (XP). Literature suggests that functionality is the primary focus in Agile processes while non-functional requirements (NFR) are either ignored or ill-defined. However, for software to be of good quality both…

  6. Compact Agile Antenna Concept Utilizing Reconfigurable Front End for Wireless Communications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahramzy, Pevand; Jagielski, Ole; Svendsen, Simon;

    2014-01-01

    of frequency bands crave for multiband and multimode operation, which either require agile duplexers or a bank of narrow-band filters with a switch. While practical agile duplexers are not available, a bank of narrow-band filters with a switch is bulky and incurs switching loss. This paper proposes an approach...

  7. Business Value Is not only Dollars - Results from Case Study Research on Agile Software Projects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Sikkel, Klaas; Buglione, Luigi; Ali Babar, M.; Vierimaa, Matias; Oivo, Markku

    2010-01-01

    Business value is a key concept in agile software development. This paper presents results of a case study on how business value and its creation is perceived in the context of agile projects. Our overall conclusion is that the project participants almost never use an explicit and structured approac

  8. A systematic literature review on agile requirements engineering practices and challenges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Inayat, Irum; Salim, Siti Salwah; Marczak, Sabrina; Daneva, Maya; Shamshirband, Shahaboddin

    2014-01-01

    Unlike traditional software development methods, agile methods are marked by extensive collaboration, i.e. face-to-face communication. Although claimed to be beneficial, the software development community as a whole is still unfamiliar with the role of the requirements engineering practices in agile

  9. A reflection on agile requirements engineering: solutions brought and challenges posed

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Inayat, Irum; Moraes, Lauriane; Daneva, Maya; Salim, Siti Salwah; Paasivaara, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The software development industry has rapidly accepted agile methods. Empirical studies suggest that due to their flexible and emergent nature, agile methods brought solutions to several chronic problems of traditional software development methods. One among the many is the acceptance of requirement

  10. Project-Method Fit: Exploring Factors That Influence Agile Method Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Diana K.

    2013-01-01

    While the productivity and quality implications of agile software development methods (SDMs) have been demonstrated, research concerning the project contexts where their use is most appropriate has yielded less definitive results. Most experts agree that agile SDMs are not suited for all project contexts. Several project and team factors have been…

  11. Agile methods in biomedical software development: a multi-site experience report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhlmman Karl F

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Agile is an iterative approach to software development that relies on strong collaboration and automation to keep pace with dynamic environments. We have successfully used agile development approaches to create and maintain biomedical software, including software for bioinformatics. This paper reports on a qualitative study of our experiences using these methods. Results We have found that agile methods are well suited to the exploratory and iterative nature of scientific inquiry. They provide a robust framework for reproducing scientific results and for developing clinical support systems. The agile development approach also provides a model for collaboration between software engineers and researchers. We present our experience using agile methodologies in projects at six different biomedical software development organizations. The organizations include academic, commercial and government development teams, and included both bioinformatics and clinical support applications. We found that agile practices were a match for the needs of our biomedical projects and contributed to the success of our organizations. Conclusion We found that the agile development approach was a good fit for our organizations, and that these practices should be applicable and valuable to other biomedical software development efforts. Although we found differences in how agile methods were used, we were also able to identify a set of core practices that were common to all of the groups, and that could be a focus for others seeking to adopt these methods.

  12. Do we know enough about requirements prioritization in agile projects: insights from a case study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Racheva, Zornitza; Daneva, Maya; Sikkel, Klaas; Wieringa, Roel; Herrmann, Andrea

    2010-01-01

    Requirements prioritization is an essential mechanism of agile software development approaches. It maximizes the value delivered to the clients and accommodates changing requirements. This paper presents results of an exploratory cross-case study on agile prioritization and business value delivery p

  13. Breaking the addiction to process an introduction to agile project management

    CERN Document Server

    Scanlon-Thomas, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Companies using traditional development methods are finding it increasingly difficult to maintain profitable business relationships in today's climate. Agile is a flexible, adaptable system and this book will help you implement it for maximum impact and success for your business. With Agile you can deliver the results your clients want, with the results you want too!

  14. Organizational Culture and the Deployment of Agile Methods: The Competing Values Model View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iivari, Juhani; Iivari, Netta

    A number of researchers have identified organizational culture as a factor that potentially affects the deployment of agile systems development methods. Inspired by the study of Iivari and Huisman (2007), which focused on the deployment of traditional systems development methods, the present paper proposes a number of hypotheses about the influence of organizational culture on the deployment of agile methods.

  15. AGILE: a methodology for Advanced Governance of Information services through Legal Engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Boer; G. Sileno

    2013-01-01

    To address agility in public administration, the Agile project developed a reference knowledge acquisition infrastructure for legal knowledge, based on a dynamic and design-oriented conceptualization of the legal system. The main objective of the project was to reframe legal knowledge as a knowledge

  16. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behrooz Razmi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995. Independent variables including organizational intelligence, organizational commitment, and organizational trust were considered as mediator variable and other four essential components of organizational agility such as forming of virtual participation valorize to humanistic knowledge and skills, change readiness, and customers answering were known as dependent variables of research. This is an applied, descriptive-correlation research, conducted by survey methodology. In this study, 568 employees, contractors, and subscribers of Ardabil Gas Company were chosen as the statistical population of the study. For the purpose of the study a questionnaire for data collection was used. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM, it is straightforward to test hypotheses of the equality of various correlation coefficients with any number of covariates across multiple groups. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL software packages. The results of statistical analysis indicate that organizational trust has a significant positive relationship with organizational agility and organizational trust is the moderator of the relationship between technology intelligence and organizational agility and the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational agility.

  17. Method æ, the agile software development method tailored for the pharmaceutical industry.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hajou, A.; Batenburg, R.S.; Jansen, S.

    2015-01-01

    Agile software development methods have a high adoption rate due to their proven business benefits. Its success has not yet been identified in the pharmaceutical industry, due to the industry’s incompatibility with generic agile methods. Comprehensive research has been done to engineer a tailored ag

  18. Impact of Business Intelligence and IT Infrastructure Flexibility on Competitive Advantage: An Organizational Agility Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaofeng

    2012-01-01

    There is growing use of business intelligence (BI) for better management decisions in industry. However, empirical studies on BI are still scarce in academic research. This research investigates BI from an organizational agility perspective. Organizational agility is the ability to sense and respond to market opportunities and threats with speed,…

  19. "Leagile??? software development: an experience report analysis of the application of lean approaches in agile software development

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaofeng; Conboy, Kieran; Cawley, Ois??n

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed In recent years there has been a noticeable shift in attention from those who use agile software development toward lean software development, often labelled as a shift ???from agile to lean???. However, the reality may not be as simple or linear as this label implies. To provide a better understanding of lean software development approaches and how they are applied in agile software development, we have examined 30 experience reports published in past agile software...

  20. Application of factor analysis for agile supply chain classification: A case study on the Iranian automotive parts supplier (SAPKO)

    OpenAIRE

    Davood Rafeie rad; Maghsoud Amiri; Masoumeh Gardeshi; Javad Siahkali Moradi

    2011-01-01

    Today automotive companies must pioneer in strategies such as the agile supply chain for competition and various demands of customers. Considering the importance of agile in choosing a supplier at the supply chain, this study tries to identify and evaluate agile activities in SAPCO Company suppliers. Then, using principal component analysis of factor analysis, a number of related activities are divided into smaller groups called factor. The results are used by SAPCO to determine agile pattern...

  1. Understanding the structured processes followed by organisations prior to engaging in agile processes: A South African Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Nimrod Noruwana; Maureen Tanner

    2012-01-01

    There appears to be a lack of knowledge on the phases South African (SA) organisations go through while adopting agile methods. As a means to address this gap, this study uncovered empirical evidence on the phases SA organisations go through whilst adopting agile methods as well as the disparities between agile prescriptions and the way SA organisations actually implement agile methods. The data collected using a case study approach was analysed through the lens of Actor-Network Theory (A...

  2. Agil Uppskalning för Distribuerade Scrum Team : En fallstudie om agil uppskalning utförd hos Nordea Digital Banking

    OpenAIRE

    Norberg, Fredrik

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine how Nordea could take on agile scaling, focusing on a unit of distributed Scrum teams within their departmentfor digital banking. The aim was to be achieved by attempting to identify appropriate methods and best practices - for scaling agile - to implement for the unit's success. The teams are working in isolation from each other, deployed across Scandinavia, despite the development of the same products/services. By studying the challenges of Nordeas u...

  3. Measurement Method of Phase Noise Based on Agilent VEE%基于Agilent VEE的相位噪声测量方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王召; 栗东东; 王骜

    2014-01-01

    针对导航设备在性能测试时操作繁琐和记录复杂等问题,以及Agilent VEE软件在自动测试中的广泛应用,首先对Agilent VEE自动测试软件进行了简要介绍,然后详细论述了用中控机通过Agilent VEE控制频谱仪e4440对导航设备的相位噪声进行测试的方法和编程过程,最后给出了整体测试的软件界面结构。通过这个简单的软件测试过程和与原始测试方法的比较,提出了使用Agilent VEE控制测量仪器对导航设备测试时操作简单和效率高的特点。%Aiming at the complicated operation and sophisticated record,of navigation equipment during performance test, as well as the wide application of Agilent VEE software in automatic test, the Agilent VEE automatic test software is briefly introduced, and the method and the programming process to test the phase noise in navigation equipment is described in detail by using e4440 spectrum analyzer controlled by control machine through Agilent VEE. Finally, the software interface structure for the whole test is proposed. By comparing the simple software test process with the original test method, the measurement instrument controlled by Agilent VEE to test navigation equipment has such characteristics as simple operation and high efficiency.

  4. A Framework for Decomposition and Analysis of Agile Methodologies During Their Adaptation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikulenas, Gytenis; Kapocius, Kestutis

    In recent years there has been a steady increase of interest in Agile software development methodologies and techniques, which are often positioned as proven alternatives to the traditional plan-driven approaches. However, although there is no shortage of Agile methodologies to choose from, the formal methods for actually choosing or adapting the right one are lacking. The aim of the presented research was to define the formal way of preparing Agile methodologies for adaptation and creating an adaptation process framework. We argue that Agile methodologies can be successfully broken down into individual parts that can be specified on three different levels and later analyzed with regard to problem/concern areas. Results of such decomposition can form the foundation for the decisions on the adaptation of the specific Agile methodology. A case study is included in this chapter to further clarify the proposed approach.

  5. How Agile Methods Conquers General Project Management - The Project Half Double Initiative

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tordrup Heeager, Lise; Svejvig, Per; Schlichter, Bjarne Rerup

    2016-01-01

    Increased complexity in projects has forced new project management initiatives. In software development several agile methods have emerged and methods such as Scrum are today highly implemented in practice. General project management practice has been inspired by agile software development....... But in order to fully understand and to provide suggestions for future practice on how agility can be incorporated in general project management, this paper addresses how agile methods have inspired general project management practices. To answer the research question, the paper provides an analysis which...... compares ten characteristics of agile software development (identified in theory) and the general project management method developed by the Danish Project Half Double (PHD) initiative. The method consists of 10 leading stars for rethinking project management the impact, flow and leadership (ILF) method...

  6. RFID-Based Critical Path Expert System for Agility Manufacture Process Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Haifang; Xiang, Yuli

    This paper presents a critical path expert system for the agility manufacture process management based on radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. The paper explores that the agility manufacture processes can be visible and controllable with RFID. The critical paths or activities can be easily found out and tracked by the RFID tracing technology. And the expert system can optimize the bottle neck of the task process of the agility management with the critical path adjusting and reforming method. Finally, the paper gives a simple application example of the system to discuss how to adjust the critical paths and how to make the process more agility and flexibility with the critical path expert system. With an RFID-based critical path expert system, the agility manufacture process management will be more effective and efficient.

  7. SCXTREME Framework: A Customized Approach of Process Improvements in Agile Blend with CMMI Practices in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samina Jan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The proposed framework shows the customized approach that improves the software development process by using the Agile techniques. The proposed research work blends the CMMI practices according to Agile methods of development (specially Scrum, because Scrum is extremely used by Pakistani firms CMMI is a model for the process improvement within organization, but it is too expensive to implement all practices of CMMI for each level. So for small size organizations, at level 2, 3 there are some practices which are helpful in managing and defining their software development process. By implementing the proposed framework, organizations can improve their maturity and capability level.There are several problems while working on Agile, many management areas can be neglected. In SCXTREME there are eight process area selected from CMMI and fit them according to Agile, so agile can be suitable for Pakistani organization by implementing some process area at level 2 and level 3.

  8. Applying Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Techniques to Prioritize Agility Drivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Jafarnejad

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available It seems that to recognize and classify the factors affecting organizational agility and need to specify the amount of their importance for the organization is essential to preserve survival and success in today's environment. This paper reviews the concept of agility and its division in the following indicators included the factors of motivations organizational agility that have been ranked in terms of level of importance and their influence by the techniques of MCDM. The inner complexity, suppliers, competition, customer needs, market, technology and social factors are the most important factors affecting organizational agility that can evaluate the following indicators and apply them and re-engineering processes, reviews and predictions of customer needs and better understanding of competitive environment and supply chain specify organizational agility and success ultimately.

  9. PDS4 - Some Principles for Agile Data Curation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, J. S.; Crichton, D. J.; Hardman, S. H.; Joyner, R.; Algermissen, S.; Padams, J.

    2015-12-01

    PDS4, a research data management and curation system for NASA's Planetary Science Archive, was developed using principles that promote the characteristics of agile development. The result is an efficient system that produces better research data products while using less resources (time, effort, and money) and maximizes their usefulness for current and future scientists. The key principle is architectural. The PDS4 information architecture is developed and maintained independent of the infrastructure's process, application and technology architectures. The information architecture is based on an ontology-based information model developed to leverage best practices from standard reference models for digital archives, digital object registries, and metadata registries and capture domain knowledge from a panel of planetary science domain experts. The information model provides a sharable, stable, and formal set of information requirements for the system and is the primary source for information to configure most system components, including the product registry, search engine, validation and display tools, and production pipelines. Multi-level governance is also allowed for the effective management of the informational elements at the common, discipline, and project level. This presentation will describe the development principles, components, and uses of the information model and how an information model-driven architecture exhibits characteristics of agile curation including early delivery, evolutionary development, adaptive planning, continuous improvement, and rapid and flexible response to change.

  10. Implementasi Cloud Computing Menggunakan Metode Pengembangan Sistem Agile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Much Aziz Muslim

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Cloud computing merupakan sebuah teknologi yang menyediakan layanan terhadap sumber daya komputasi melalui sebuah jaringan. Sumber daya yang di sediakan di dalam cloud computing meliputi mesin, media penyimpanan data, sistem operasi dan program aplikasi. Fitur dari cloud computing dipercaya akan jauh lebih hemat dan memuaskan. Masalah yang muncul adalah bagaimana mengimplementasi Cloud Computing dengan menggunakan Windows Azure Pack dan bagaimana provisioning Windows Azure Pack SQL Database. Fokus pada penelitian ini adalah pada proses deploying dan provisioning SQL Database Server. Pengimplementasian cloud computing menggunakan metode pengembangan sistem agile dengan langkah-langkah meliputi perencanaan, implementasi, pengujian (test, dokumentasi, deployment dan pemeliharaan. Untuk menjalankan proses tersebut kebutuhan perangkat yang dipersiapkan meliputi perangkat keras seperti PC Server Cisco UCS C240 M3S2, Hardisk 8753 GB, 256 GB RAM, bandwith minimal 1 Mbps dan kebutuhan perangkat lunak meliputi Windows Server 2012 R2, VMM, Windows Azure Pack, IIS, SQL Server 2012 dan Web Patform Installer. Hasil dari implementasi cloud computing menggunakan metode pengembangan sistem agile adalah terbentuknya sebuah sistem cloud hosting provider dengan menggunakan Windows Azure Pack dan SQL Server 2012 sebagai sistem utama dan pengelolaan database menggunakan Microsoft SQL Server Management 

  11. Frequency-agile microwave components using ferroelectric materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colom-Ustariz, Jose G.; Rodriguez-Solis, Rafael; Velez, Salmir; Rodriguez-Acosta, Snaider

    2003-04-01

    The non-linear electric field dependence of ferroelectric thin films can be used to design frequency and phase agile components. Tunable components have traditionally been developed using mechanically tuned resonant structures, ferrite components, or semiconductor-based voltage controlled electronics, but they are limited by their frequency performance, high cost, hgih losses, and integration into larger systems. In contrast, the ferroelectric-based tunable microwave component can easily be integrated into conventional microstrip circuits and attributes such as small size, light weight, and low-loss make these components attractive for broadband and multi-frequency applications. Components that are essential elements in the design of a microwave sensor can be fabricated with ferroelectric materials to achieve tunability over a broad frequency range. It has been reported that with a thin ferroelectric film placed between the top conductor layer and the dielectric material of a microstrip structure, and the proper DC bias scheme, tunable components above the Ku band can be fabricated. Components such as phase shifters, coupled line filters, and Lange couplers have been reported in the literature using this technique. In this wokr, simulated results from a full wave electromagnetic simulator are obtained to show the tunability of a matching netowrk typically used in the design of microwave amplifiers and antennas. In addition, simulated results of a multilayer Lange coupler, and a patch antenna are also presented. The results show that typical microstrip structures can be easily modified to provide frequency agile capabilities.

  12. Candidate control design metrics for an agile fighter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Patrick C.; Bailey, Melvin L.; Ostroff, Aaron J.

    1991-01-01

    Success in the fighter combat environment of the future will certainly demand increasing capability from aircraft technology. These advanced capabilities in the form of superagility and supermaneuverability will require special design techniques which translate advanced air combat maneuvering requirements into design criteria. Control design metrics can provide some of these techniques for the control designer. Thus study presents an overview of control design metrics and investigates metrics for advanced fighter agility. The objectives of various metric users, such as airframe designers and pilots, are differentiated from the objectives of the control designer. Using an advanced fighter model, metric values are documented over a portion of the flight envelope through piloted simulation. These metric values provide a baseline against which future control system improvements can be compared and against which a control design methodology can be developed. Agility is measured for axial, pitch, and roll axes. Axial metrics highlight acceleration and deceleration capabilities under different flight loads and include specific excess power measurements to characterize energy meneuverability. Pitch metrics cover both body-axis and wind-axis pitch rates and accelerations. Included in pitch metrics are nose pointing metrics which highlight displacement capability between the nose and the velocity vector. Roll metrics (or torsion metrics) focus on rotational capability about the wind axis.

  13. A PROPOSED HYBRID AGILE FRAMEWORK MODEL FOR MOBILE APPLICATIONS DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ammar Khader Almasri

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing in mobile application systems and a high competition between companies, that led to increase in the number of mobile application projects. Mobile software development is a group of process for creating software for mobile devices with limited resources like small screen, low-power. The development of mobile applications is a big challenging because of rapidly changing business requirements and technical constraints for mobile systems. So, developers faced the challenge of a dynamic environment and the Changing of mobile application requirements. Moreover, Mobile applications should adapt appropriate software development methods that act in response efficiently to these challenges. However, at the moment, there is limited knowledge about the suitability of different software practices for the development of mobile applications. According to many researchers ,Agile methodologies was found to be most suitable for mobile development projects as they are short time, require flexibility, reduces waste and time to market. Finally, in this research we are looking for a suitable process model that conforms to the requirement of mobile application, we are going to investigate agile development methods to find a way, making the development of mobile application easy and compatible with mobile device features.

  14. Programmable agile beam steering based on a liquid crystal prism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To meet the application need for agile precision beam steering, a novel liquid crystal prism device with a simple structure, convenient control, low cost and applicable performance is presented, and analysed theoretically and experimentally. The relationships between the optical path and the thickness of the liquid crystal cell under different voltages are investigated quantitatively by using a theoretical model. Analysis results show that the optical path profile of the liquid crystal prism has a quasi-linear slope and the standard deviation of the linear slope is less than 16 nm. The slope ratio can be changed by a voltage, which achieves the programmable beam steering and control. Practical liquid crystal prism devices are fabricated. Their deflection angles and wavefront profiles with different voltages are experimentally tested. The results are in good agreement with the simulated results. The results imply that the agile beam steering in a scope of 100 μrad with a micro-rad resolution is substantiated in the device. The two-dimensional beam steering is also achieved by cascading two liquid crystal prism devices. (electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics)

  15. Speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakovljevic, Sasa T; Karalejic, Milivoje S; Pajic, Zoran B; Macura, Marija M; Erculj, Frane F

    2012-09-01

    The aims of this study were (a) to identify and compare the speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players and (b) to investigate relations between speed and agility for both age groups of basketball players, to help coaches to improve their work. Sixty-four players aged 12 (M = 11.98 years, SD = 0.311) and 54 players aged 14 (M = 14.092 years, SD = 0.275) were tested. Three agility tests: agility t-test, zigzag agility drill, and agility run 4 × 15 m and 3 speed tests: 20-m run, 30-m run, and 50-m run were applied. Fourteen-year-old players achieved significantly better results in all speed and agility tests compared with 12-year-old players. The correlation coefficient (r = 0.81, p = 0.001) showed that 12-year-old players have the same ability in the 30- and 50-m runs. The other correlation coefficient (r = 0.59, p = 0.001) indicated that 20- and 30-m runs had inherently different qualities. The correlation coefficients between agility tests were year-old players, the correlation coefficients between the speed test results were 0.71, which means that all the 3 tests represent the same quality. During the speed training of 12-year-old players, it is advisable to focus on shorter running distances, up to 30 m. During the agility training of the same players, it is useful to apply exercises with various complexities. In speed training of the 14-year-old players, the 30- and 50-m runs should be applied, and agility training should include more specific basketball movements and activities.

  16. By using tissue chip technique to study the expression of p27 and cyclinE in breast carcinoma%采用组织芯片技术研究乳腺癌中p27和cyclinE的表达

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴艳枝; 刘勇; 袁晟; 邓宇

    2003-01-01

    To study the expressions of p27 ,cyclinE and analysis its meaning in breast carcinoma. Methods By using tissue chip technique creating 80 cases breast carcinoma tissue chip. at the same time using the S-P immunohis-tochemical methods, the expressions of p27 and cyclinE in breast carcinoma tissue chip was studied.Results The positive rates of p27 and cyclinE were 38.8% and 52.5% in 80 eases breast carcinoma respectively. A significant correlation was found between the lowexpression of p27, overexpression of cyclinE and metastasis of lymph node in breast carcinoma. A simaificant correlation was found be-tween the lowexpression of p27 and overexpression of cyclinE in breast carcinoma. Conclusion The expression of p27 and cyclinE might be considered to be a reference indicator for prognosis of breast carcinoma. The lowexpression of p27 has an ability to effect the overexpression of cyclinE in breast carcinoma. It is feasible to utilize tissue chip for a rapid, economic and accurate screening of clinical tissue specimens on a large scale.

  17. Comparison of Gene Expression by Sheep and Human Blood Stimulated with the TLR4 Agonists Lipopolysaccharide and Monophosphoryl Lipid A.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perenlei Enkhbaatar

    Full Text Available Animal models that mimic human biology are important for successful translation of basic science discoveries into the clinical practice. Recent studies in rodents have demonstrated the efficacy of TLR4 agonists as immunomodulators in models of infection. However, rodent models have been criticized for not mimicking important characteristics of the human immune response to microbial products. The goal of this study was to compare genomic responses of human and sheep blood to the TLR4 agonists lipopolysaccharide (LPS and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA.Venous blood, withdrawn from six healthy human adult volunteers (~ 28 years old and six healthy adult female sheep (~3 years old, was mixed with 30 μL of PBS, LPS (1μg/mL or MPLA (10μg/mL and incubated at room temperature for 90 minutes on a rolling rocker. After incubation, 2.5 mL of blood was transferred to Paxgene Blood RNA tubes. Gene expression analysis was performed using an Agilent Bioanalyzer with the RNA6000 Nano Lab Chip. Agilent gene expression microarrays were scanned with a G2565 Microarray Scanner. Differentially expressed genes were identified.11,431 human and 4,992 sheep probes were detected above background. Among them 1,029 human and 175 sheep genes were differentially expressed at a stringency of 1.5-fold change (p 1.5-fold changes in human samples. Genes of major inflammatory mediators, such as IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8, TNF alpha, NF-kappaB, ETS2, PTGS2, PTX3, CXCL16, KYNU, and CLEC4E were similarly (>2-fold upregulated by LPS and MPLA in both species.The genomic responses of peripheral blood to LPS and MPLA in sheep are quite similar to those observed in humans, supporting the use of the ovine model for translational studies that mimic human inflammatory diseases and the study of TLR-based immunomodulators.

  18. 基因芯片技术研究虚寒证大鼠肝全基因表达谱%Study of Gene Chip Technology on Whole Genome Expression of Liver of Rats with Asthenia Cold Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩冰冰; 王世军; 于华芸; 赵海军; 王媛

    2011-01-01

    Objective;To study the whole genome expression of liver on asthenia cold syndrome rats by gene chip technology. Methods:The Asthenia cold syndrome rats models were induced by compound preparation of traditional Chinese medicine of Raw Gypsum,Radix gentianae、Cortex Phellodendri 、Anemarrhenae Rhizoma.The liver gene expression in each group was detected by gene chip. We selected the differential expression genes and conducted the significant analysis on the genetic function of differential genes. A part of genes were selected to test the accuracy of results by RT - PCR. Results: As compared to the control group,in asthenia cold model group there were 99 strips of differential expression gene, mainly about function of response to stimulus. Conclusion ; Many strips of gene about response to stimulus were down - regulated in asthenia cold syndrome rats, which induced down regulation of function about immune response,defense response,response to other organism. The substance foundation of asthenia cold syndrome was possibly related to these genes.%目的:采用基因芯片技术研究虚寒证大鼠肝全基因表达谱的改变.方法:使用中药复方生石膏、龙胆草、黄柏和知母建立虚寒证大鼠模型,应用基因芯片检测各组大鼠肝脏基因表达,筛选差异表达基因,进行基因功能分类注释.荧光定量PCR验证芯片结果.结果:虚寒模型组与空白对照组比较有99条基因差异表达,主要涉及刺激应答功能.结论:虚寒证可能通过多种刺激应答相关基因的下调,导致免疫应答功能、防御应答功能及对其他生物体刺激应答功能的降低.虚寒证的物质基础可能与此类基因的异常表达相关.

  19. Experiment list: SRX271847 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ell type=Tonsillar naive B cells || treatment=NA || chip antibody=none || purification=Cells purified from normal fresh human tonsill...ectomy specimens by magnetic bead cell separation based on the expression the pheno

  20. Experiment list: SRX271845 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ll type=Tonsillar naive B cells || treatment=NA || chip antibody=none || purification=Cells purified from normal fresh human tonsille...ctomy specimens by magnetic bead cell separation based on the expression the phenot